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1

AMERICAN METEOROLOGICAL SOCIETY 2002 ANNUAL MEETING: OVERVIEW OF EPA'S GLOBAL CHANGE RESEARCH PROGRAM'S 10-YEAR PLAN  

EPA Science Inventory

This is a PowerPoint slide presentation given by Dr. Janet Gamble to the American Meteorological Society in January 2002. This presentation describes EPA's Global Change Research Program and its planned activities for the next decade....

2

The American Board of Radiology Holman Research Pathway: 10-Year Retrospective Review of the Program and Participant Performance  

SciTech Connect

Introduction: In 1999, the American Board of Radiology (ABR) implemented an innovative training program track in diagnostic radiology (DR) and radiation oncology (RO) designed to stimulate development of a cadre of future academic researchers and educators in the 2 disciplines. The program was designated the Holman Research Pathway (HRP). An in-depth retrospective review of initial certification examination performance, post-training career choices, and academic productivity has not been written. This report represents a 10-year retrospective review of post-training performance of a cohort of trainees who have had sufficient time to complete their training and initial certification process and to enter practice. Methods and Materials: All pertinent proceedings of the ABR and Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) Residency Review Committees for DR and RO between 1997 and May 2011 were reviewed. Thirty-four HRP candidates who fulfilled the established evaluation criteria were identified, and their ABR data files were analyzed regarding performance on the qualifying and certifying examinations. All candidates were contacted directly to obtain a current curriculum vitae. Results: Twenty candidates in RO and 14 candidates in DR were identifiable for review. All candidates attained initial certification. At the time of analysis, 23 of 33 (66.6%) candidates were employed in full-time academic practice (1 DR candidate remained in a fellowship and was not evaluated regarding employment status). Fifteen of 20 (75%) RO candidates were in faculty positions compared with 7 of 13 (53.8%) DR trainees. Additional academic productivity metrics are reported. Conclusions: A high percentage of HRP trainees remained in academic practice and demonstrated significant academic productivity as measured by manuscript authorship and research support. Additional time and observation will be needed to determine whether these findings will be sustained by past, current, and future HRP trainees.

Wallner, Paul E., E-mail: pwallner@theabr.org [21st Century Oncology, LLC, Fort Myers, Florida, and American Board of Radiology, Tucson, Arizona (United States); Ang, K. Kian [University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas (United States)] [University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas (United States); Zietman, Anthony L. [Harvard Medical School and Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts (United States)] [Harvard Medical School and Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts (United States); Harris, Jay R. [Harvard Medical School and Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Boston, Massachusetts (United States)] [Harvard Medical School and Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Boston, Massachusetts (United States); Ibbott, Geoffrey S. [University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas (United States)] [University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas (United States); Mahoney, Mary C. [University of Cincinnati Medical Center, Cincinnati, Ohio (United States)] [University of Cincinnati Medical Center, Cincinnati, Ohio (United States); Mezwa, Duane G. [Oakland University William Beaumont School of Medicine, Royal Oaks, Michigan (United States)] [Oakland University William Beaumont School of Medicine, Royal Oaks, Michigan (United States); Wilson, Lynn D. [Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut (United States)] [Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut (United States); Becker, Gary J. [American Board of Radiology, Tucson, Arizona (United States)] [American Board of Radiology, Tucson, Arizona (United States)

2013-01-01

3

The 10 Year USSR Komos Staellite Program.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Soviet Kosmos satellite and rocket programs are described. These satellites were used to investigate solar radiation, astronomical data, astrophysical data, the earth's atmosphere, space biology and other areas of research. (Author)

R. Hofstaetter

1972-01-01

4

Interim Final: 10-Year Plan for the NOAA Aquaculture Program.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In response to a request from the Marine Fisheries Advisory Committee (MAFAC), the NOAA Aquaculture Program drafted this 10-Year Plan for the NOAA Aquaculture Program, which frames our plans for future marine aquaculture development in the United States. ...

2006-01-01

5

JPL cryocooler development and test program: A 10-year overview  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the 1988 timeframe increasing numbers of proposed space-instrument programs within NASA and the Ballistic Missile Defense Organization (BMDO) were in need of high-reliability, long-life, low-vibration space cryocoolers. To ensure the success of its emerging cryogenic instrument commitments, the Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) implemented a focused multi-year cryocooler program. Over the past 10 years the JPL cryocooler program has included

Ronald G. Ross

1999-01-01

6

1992 Resource Program, 10 Year Plan : Draft II.  

SciTech Connect

The Resource Program is the Bonneville Power Administration`s primary process for deciding how to meet future electricity resource needs, how much new resources to develop, which types of resources to acquire or option and how to go about acquiring them, and how much BPA will have to spend for these resources. Recognizing that BPA must make a long-term commitment to acquiring conservation effectively, the 1992 Resource Program outlines a 10-year plan. Draft 2 of the 1992 Resource Program provides a framework for discussing the funding levels proposed in the Programs in Perspective (PIP) process. Previous final resource programs have been released prior to the PIP process. This version of the Resource Program recognizes that the PIP discussions are an integral part of the resource decision-making process and, therefore, it will be finalized after PIP.

United States. Bonneville Power Administration.

1992-05-01

7

1992 Resource Program, 10 Year Plan : Draft II.  

SciTech Connect

The Resource Program is the Bonneville Power Administration's primary process for deciding how to meet future electricity resource needs, how much new resources to develop, which types of resources to acquire or option and how to go about acquiring them, and how much BPA will have to spend for these resources. Recognizing that BPA must make a long-term commitment to acquiring conservation effectively, the 1992 Resource Program outlines a 10-year plan. Draft 2 of the 1992 Resource Program provides a framework for discussing the funding levels proposed in the Programs in Perspective (PIP) process. Previous final resource programs have been released prior to the PIP process. This version of the Resource Program recognizes that the PIP discussions are an integral part of the resource decision-making process and, therefore, it will be finalized after PIP.

United States. Bonneville Power Administration.

1992-05-01

8

Language Disorders: A 10-Year Research Update Review  

PubMed Central

Objective To review the past 10 years of research in child language or communication disorders, which are highly prevalent in the general population and comorbid with childhood psychiatric disorders. Method A literature search of 3 major databases was conducted. The child language literature, describing the domains of language development—phonology, grammar, semantics, and pragmatics—is reviewed. Results Disorders of grammar, semantics, and pragmatics, but not phonology, overlap significantly with childhood psychiatric disorders. Receptive language disorders have emerged as high-risk indicators, often undiagnosed. Language disorders and delays are psychiatric risk factors and have implications for evaluation, therapy, and research. However, they are often undiagnosed in child mental health and community settings. The research has focused mostly on monolingual English-speaking children. Conclusion Awareness of basic child language development, delay, and deviance is crucial for the practicing child and adolescent psychiatrist, who must diagnose and refer relevant cases for treatment and remediation. Future research needs to address the growing language diversity of our clinical populations.

TOPPELBERG, CLAUDIO O.; SHAPIRO, THEODORE

2012-01-01

9

A 10-year review of the Supplemental Security Income program.  

PubMed

January 1, 1974, marked the beginning of the Supplemental Security Income (SSI) program for the aged, blind, and disabled, and also marked the end of a 14-month period of preparation that began on October 30, 1972, when President Nixon signed into law the Social Security Amendments of 1972 (Public Law 92-603). As a way of marking SSI's 10th anniversary, it seems appropriate to review the development of the program since its enactment and compare the program's performance with its original goals and expectations. This article looks at the SSI program in the context of the program's goals as set out by Congress and discusses the legislative changes--and the motives behind those changes--since its implementation. Statistical data are examined to determine whether the program is accomplishing what it was designed to do, and whether, as a result of legislation or because of changes in the characteristics of the recipient population, trends are developing that may have a future impact on the program. PMID:6701726

Trout, J; Mattson, D R

1984-01-01

10

Research in Counseling: A 10-Year Review to Inform Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study reviewed 4,457 articles from 1998 to 2007 in American Counseling Association division-affiliated journals to identify research articles published in counseling; 1,139 articles (25.6%) were quantitatively research based. The authors provide details related to quantitative research publications, including individual journal contribution…

Ray, Dee C.; Hull, Darrell M.; Thacker, Andi J.; Pace, Laura S.; Swan, Karrie L.; Carlson, Sarah E.; Sullivan, Jeffrey M.

2011-01-01

11

The 10/66 dementia research group - 10 years on  

PubMed Central

Well-designed epidemiological research is relatively lacking in low and middle income countries where two-thirds of the world’s estimated 24 million people with dementia live. The 10/66 Dementia Research Group has sought since 1998 to redress this imbalance. Pilot studies to develop and validate dementia diagnostic measures and study care arrangements in 26 centers worldwide were followed by one phase cross-sectional catchment area surveys in eight Latin American countries, China, India, Nigeria and South Africa. The protocol includes assessment of sociodemographics, disability, care arrangements, physical and mental health, and dementia diagnosis with (more restrictive) DSM-IV and (less restrictive) 10/66 dementia criteria. An incidence phase is underway in eight countries. 10/66 dementia prevalence is generally double that of DSM-IV dementia. DSM-IV dementia is particularly rare in India, attributable to the small proportion of family informants confirming cognitive decline and social impairment. Carer psychological and economic strain is as high as in the developed world, despite traditional family care arrangements. A significant minority of people with dementia are vulnerable due to lack of family support and economic resources. Earlier studies probably underestimated dementia prevalence in regions with very low awareness of this emerging public health problem. More research is needed to delineate the impact of dementia relative to other chronic diseases, and secular trends in countries experiencing rapid demographic ageing and health transition. Packages of care are also a priority - healthcare services and governments have not responded to families’ complex needs for support in their long-term care role.

Prince, Martin J.

2009-01-01

12

A 10-Year Review of the Food Science Summer Scholars Program: A Model for Research Training and for Recruiting Undergraduate Students into Graduate Programs and Careers in Food Science  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A pressing problem facing regulatory agencies, academia, and the food industry is a shortage of qualified food science graduates, particularly those with advanced degrees (that is, M.S. or Ph.D.). In 2000, the Cornell Institute of Food Science established the annual Food Science Summer Scholars Program as an experiential summer research program

Roberts, Angela J.; Robbins, Janette; McLandsborough, Lynne; Wiedmann, Martin

2010-01-01

13

The concept of "silencing the self" in low-income, aging, HIV-infected African American women: a 10-year community-based participatory program of research with results.  

PubMed

Despite a resilient spirit, the challenges that face low-income, aging Black women living with HIV infection are immense. This article describes a 10-year iterative history of using the Theory of Silencing the Self (TSTS) as an explanatory model that was found to be gender sensitive, culturally relevant, and helpful in guiding a community-based participatory research group of low-income, HIV-infected Black women living in Boston, Massachusetts. The group, called Sistah Powah, used the TSTS to design and implement a structured writing intervention in a women's drop-in center targeting low-income, aging Black women living with HIV infection as a way to give them and others a voice. PMID:23433915

DeMarco, Rosanna F; Lanier, Latrona R

2014-01-01

14

Integration of biological and nursing sciences: a 10-year plan to enhance research and training.  

PubMed

A proposed multiyear plan of funding mechanisms by the National Center for Nursing Research (NCNR) to increase the use of biological theory and measurements in nursing research has been developed for both research training and research programs. The objectives of the research training programs are (a) to develop a cadre of nurse scientists with solid research training in the biological sciences, (b) to upgrade to state-of-the-art biological research for mid-career nurse scientists, and (c) to ensure adequate highly trained biological-nurse manpower will be available to accomplish the nation's nursing research agenda. The objectives of the research programs are (a) to stimulate nurse scientists to undertake novel, innovative research using state-of-the-art biological technology, (b) to link the behavioral and biological underpinnings of nursing science in specified areas of biomedical clinical research, and (c) to ensure that, in the coming decade, nursing science and behavioral research will be inextricably interwoven with biological research. The research training programs include: targeted predoctoral-postdoctoral transitional training, targeted predoctoral or postdoctoral fellowships, training awards for existing institutional training grants in other disciplines, mid-career awards, the Nurse Scientist award, and institutional training grants for biological nursing. The research programs include: small grants programs, augmentation of existing projects in other Institutes, Requests For Applications (RFA) in biobehavioral nursing, cluster studies, and clinical trials. PMID:8488310

Cowan, M J; Heinrich, J; Lucas, M; Sigmon, H; Hinshaw, A S

1993-02-01

15

Participation Trends of Underrepresented Students from 10-years of an Ocean Science REU Program  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Summer Undergraduate Research Fellowships in Oceanography (SURFO) program at the Graduate School of Oceanography/University of Rhode Island is a NSF-funded Research Experience for Undergraduates (REU) site program with a programmatic research niche focused on quantitative aspects of Oceanography. Each summer-cohort includes 9-12 participants (rising seniors and juniors) who are paired with a primary research advisor and a graduate-student mentor. The primary components of the 10-week program include a 3-week introductory phase and a 7-week core-research phase. A review of SURFO application material from 2000 to present reveals demographic and temporal trends that may be helpful for targeted recruitment of underrepresented students. The demographic trends include a regional geographical bias with a significant proportion of applicants (45%) and participants (40%) attending college in neighboring states. Overall, the percentage of applicants and participants in the SURFO program is slightly greater than nationwide graduation rates for female students, minority students, and first-generation students. The temporal trends identify several factors that may be related to program increases in minority student applications and participation, including: the site director's participation in an NSF panel review of REU proposals, a partnership with a university with a significant minority population, ease of access to application materials, and active participation in minority-serving talent development programs (e.g., MSPHD). Correlations are not observed for new, updated websites or modest changes in site program personnel.

Donohue, K. A.; Pockalny, R. A.

2011-12-01

16

Closure of logging wounds after 10 years. Forest Service research paper (Final)  

SciTech Connect

Closure of logging wounds on 96 sample trees was evaluated after 2, 5, and 10 years for Appalachian hardwood trees in north-central West Virginia. For yellow-poplar, northern red oak, black cherry, and white oak, many small wounds, 1 to 50 square inches in size, closed between 5 and 10 years after logging. For larger wounds, 50 to 200 square inches, it appears that many of these wounds may not close for at least 15 or perhaps 20 years after logging. Recommendations are provided to minimize logging wounds on residual trees in partially cut stands.

Smith, H.C.; Miller, G.W.; Schuler, T.M.

1994-09-01

17

Research on 10-year tendency of China coal mine accidents and the characteristics of human factors  

Microsoft Academic Search

The trend of China coal mine accidents in the latest 10years was studied and the human factors in these accidents were analyzed by multi-dimensional statistic analysis. It shows that the number of major coal mine accidents and the death toll in the accidents were decreasing steadily, while sporadic death accidents still accounted for the largest percentage of deaths. Gas outburst

Hong Chen; Hui Qi; Ruyin Long; Maolong Zhang

18

Epicormic branching on Central Appalachian hardwoods 10 years after deferment cutting. Forest Service research paper  

Microsoft Academic Search

Epicormic branching as monitored over a 10-year period following deferment cutting in four central Appalachian hardwood stands in West Virginia. Data from 545 codominant residual trees indicated that the average number of epicormic branches on the butt and second 16-food log sections increased significantly for the first 2 years after treatment. For upper log sections of basswood, northern red oak,

1996-01-01

19

Epicormic branching on Central Appalachian hardwoods 10 years after deferment cutting. Forest Service research paper  

SciTech Connect

Epicormic branching as monitored over a 10-year period following deferment cutting in four central Appalachian hardwood stands in West Virginia. Data from 545 codominant residual trees indicated that the average number of epicormic branches on the butt and second 16-food log sections increased significantly for the first 2 years after treatment. For upper log sections of basswood, northern red oak, and black cherry, significant increases continued from the second to the tenth year. The net effect on quality was that 11 percent of residual trees exhibited a reduction in butt-log grade due to epicormic branching. Of the few grade reductions observed, white oak, northern red oak, and black cherry were the most susceptible. Less than 1 percent of yellow-poplar trees had lower grades due to epicormic branching.

Miller, G.W.

1996-03-01

20

A review of Internet pornography use research: methodology and content from the past 10 years.  

PubMed

Internet pornography (IP) use has increased over the past 10 years. The effects of IP use are widespread and are both negative (e.g., relationship and interpersonal distress) and positive (e.g., increases in sexual knowledge and attitudes toward sex). Given the possible negative effects of IP use, understanding the definition of IP, the types of IP used, and reasons for IP use is important. The present study reviews the methodology and content of available literature regarding IP use in nondeviant adult populations. The study seeks to determine how the studies defined IP, utilized validated measures of pornography use, examined variables related to IP, and addressed form and function of IP use. Overall, studies were inconsistent in their definitions of IP, measurement, and their assessment of the form and function of IP use. Discussion regarding how methodological differences between studies may impact the results and the ability to generalize findings is provided, and suggestions for future studies are offered. PMID:22032795

Short, Mary B; Black, Lora; Smith, Angela H; Wetterneck, Chad T; Wells, Daryl E

2012-01-01

21

Special Education Doctoral Programs: A 10-Year Comparison of the Suppliers of Leadership Personnel  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The first article in this special issue is about the doctoral programs, the suppliers of new doctoral graduates in special education. It focuses on one component of a larger effort, the Special Education Faculty Needs Assessment (SEFNA) project, which investigated many aspects of the supply of new doctoral graduates as well as the demand for new…

Smith, Deborah Deutsch; Montrosse, Bianca Elizabeth

2012-01-01

22

A review of the International Northern Sea Route Program (INSROP) – 10 years on  

Microsoft Academic Search

The objective of the International Northern Sea Route Program was to create a knowledge bank covering commercial, international shipping on Russia's Northern Sea Route (NSR). Addressed were: considerations of the natural environment, ice navigation, and ship technology; the environment; economics of shipping; and military, political, legal, and indigenous cultural issues. Conclusions included improvements in vessel designs and associated activities represented

R. Douglas Brubaker; Claes Lykke Ragner

2010-01-01

23

Creating Innovative Research Designs: The 10-Year Methodological Think Tank Case Study  

PubMed Central

PURPOSE Addressing important but complex research questions often necessitates the creation of innovative mixed methods designs. This report describes an approach to developing research designs for studying important but methodologically challenging research questions. METHODS The Methodological Think Tank has been held annually in conjunction with the Primary Care Research Methods and Statistics Conference in San Antonio since 1994. A group of 3 to 4 methodologists with expertise balanced between quantitative and qualitative backgrounds is invited by the think tank coordinators to serve on a 2-day think tank to discuss a research question selected from those submitted in response to a call for proposals. During the first half-day, these experts explore the content area with the investigator, often challenging beliefs and assumptions. During the second half-day, the think tank participants systematically prune potential approaches until a desirable research method is identified. RESULTS To date, the most recent 7 think tanks have produced fundable research designs, with 1 being funded by a K award and 4 by R01 grants. All participating investigators attributed much of their success to think tank participation. Lessons learned include (1) the importance of careful selection of participating methodologists, (2) all think tank communities of inquiry must go through 4 stages of development from pseudocommunity to community, and (3) the critical importance of listening by the investigator. CONCLUSION Researchers and academic departments could use this process locally to develop innovative research designs.

Katerndahl, David; Crabtree, Benjamin

2006-01-01

24

SOLARTHERMIE-2000: 10 YEARS OF RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT IN LARGE SOLAR HEATING SYSTEMS IN GERMANY  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the house building sector, central solar heating plants presently offer the most profitable application of all possibilities of thermal solar systems. Since 1993, the German R&D-programme 'Solarthermie-2000' focuses on research and development of large scale solar heating systems. The programme is split up in three parts: In part one, about 20 year old large scale solar heating systems were

D. Mangold; F. A. Peuser

25

Mantle of the Expert: Turning British 10 Year Olds Into Antarctic Researchers  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Schools at all levels welcome a visit from Antarctic research scientists who can combine science, a tale of adventure and cute pictures of penguins, but how can this opportunity be used to build an activity that lasts longer than a one hour visit? In the UK some primary schools have adopted a methodology termed 'Mantle of the Expert' in which the class do all their curriculum work as if they are an imagined group of experts. The approach allows different areas of the curriculum to be brought together in a challenging but fun activity. This paper will describe 'An Antarctic Quest: the Mystery of the Box' in which a class of 28 children were given the imaginary challenge of recovering an equipment box buried in Antarctica. To complete the task, the children found themselves investigating glaciology, climate, geography, history, international politics, clothing technology and transport. A few can now imagine themselves as Antarctic scientists.

King, E. C.

2011-12-01

26

10-year follow-up of diabetes incidence and weight loss in the Diabetes Prevention Program Outcomes Study  

PubMed Central

Summary Background In the 2·8 years of the Diabetes Prevention Program (DPP) randomised clinical trial, diabetes incidence in high-risk adults was reduced by 58% with intensive lifestyle intervention and by 31% with metformin, compared with placebo. We investigated the persistence of these effects in the long term. Methods All active DPP participants were eligible for continued follow-up. 2766 of 3150 (88%) enrolled for a median additional follow-up of 5·7 years (IQR 5·5–5·8). 910 participants were from the lifestyle, 924 from the metformin, and 932 were from the original placebo groups. On the basis of the benefits from the intensive lifestyle intervention in the DPP, all three groups were offered group-implemented lifestyle intervention. Metformin treatment was continued in the original metformin group (850 mg twice daily as tolerated), with participants unmasked to assignment, and the original lifestyle intervention group was offered additional lifestyle support. The primary outcome was development of diabetes according to American Diabetes Association criteria. Analysis was by intention-to-treat. This study is registered with ClinicalTrials.gov, number NCT00038727. Findings During the 10·0-year (IQR 9·0–10·5) follow-up since randomisation to DPP, the original lifestyle group lost, then partly regained weight. The modest weight loss with metformin was maintained. Diabetes incidence rates during the DPP were 4·8 cases per 100 person-years (95% CI 4·1–5·7) in the intensive lifestyle intervention group, 7·8 (6·8–8·8) in the metformin group, and 11·0 (9·8–12·3) in the placebo group. Diabetes incidence rates in this follow-up study were similar between treatment groups: 5·9 per 100 person-years (5·1–6·8) for lifestyle, 4·9 (4·2–5·7) for metformin, and 5·6 (4·8–6·5) for placebo. Diabetes incidence in the 10 years since DPP randomisation was reduced by 34% (24–42) in the lifestyle group and 18% (7–28) in the metformin group compared with placebo. Interpretation During follow-up after DPP, incidences in the former placebo and metformin groups fell to equal those in the former lifestyle group, but the cumulative incidence of diabetes remained lowest in the lifestyle group. Prevention or delay of diabetes with lifestyle intervention or metformin can persist for at least 10 years. Funding National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK).

2011-01-01

27

Imaging research results from the Osteoarthritis Initiative (OAI): a review and lessons learned 10?years after start of enrolment.  

PubMed

The Osteoarthritis Initiative (OAI) is a multicentre, prospective, observational, cohort study of knee osteoarthritis (OA) that began recruitment in 2004. The OAI provides public access to clinical and image data, enabling researchers to examine risk factors/predictors and the natural history of knee OA incidence and progression, and the qualification of imaging and other biomarkers. In this narrative review, we report imaging findings and lessons learned 10?years after enrolment has started. A literature search for full text articles published from the OAI was performed up to 31 December 2013 using Pubmed and the OAI web page. We summarise the rationale, design and imaging protocol of the OAI, and the history of OAI publications. We review studies from early partial, and later full OAI public data releases. The latter are structured by imaging method and tissue, reviewing radiography and then MRI findings on cartilage morphology, cartilage lesions and composition (T2), bone, meniscus, muscle and adipose tissue. Finally, analyses directly comparing findings from MRI and radiography are summarised. Ten years after the first participants were enrolled and first papers published, the OAI has become an invaluable resource to the OA research community. It has fuelled novel methodological approaches of analysing images, and has provided a wealth of information on OA pathophysiology. Continued collection and public release of long-term observations will help imaging measures to gain scientific and regulatory acceptance as 'prognostic' or 'efficacy of intervention' biomarkers, potentially enabling shorter and more efficient clinical trials that can test structure-modifying therapeutic interventions (NCT00080171). PMID:24728332

Eckstein, Felix; Kwoh, C Kent; Link, Thomas M

2014-07-01

28

The Department of Veterans Affairs National Quality Scholars Fellowship Program: experience from 10 years of training quality scholars.  

PubMed

The Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) National Quality Scholars Fellowship Program (VAQS) was established in 1998 as a postgraduate medical education fellowship to train physicians in new methods of improving the quality and safety of health care for veterans and the nation. The VAQS curriculum is based on adult learning theory, with a national core curriculum of face-to-face components, technologically mediated distance learning components, and a unique local curriculum that draws from the strengths of regional resources. VAQS has established strong ties with other VA programs. Fellows' research and quality improvement projects are integrated with local and regional VA leaders' priorities, enhancing the relevance and visibility of the fellows' efforts and promoting recruitment of fellows to VA positions. VAQS has enrolled 98 fellows since 1999; 75 have completed the program and 24 are currently enrolled. Fellowship graduates have pursued a variety of career paths: 17% are continuing training (most in VA), 31% hold a VA faculty/staff position, 66% are academic faculty, and 80% conduct clinical or research work related to health care improvement. Graduates have held leadership positions in VA, Department of Defense, academic medicine, and public health agencies. Combining knowledge about the improvement of health care with adult learning strategies, distance learning technologies, face-to-face meetings, local mentorship, and experiential projects has been successful in improving care in VA and preparing physicians to participate in, study, and lead the improvement of health care quality and safety. PMID:19940583

Splaine, Mark E; Ogrinc, Greg; Gilman, Stuart C; Aron, David C; Estrada, Carlos A; Rosenthal, Gary E; Lee, Sei; Dittus, Robert S; Batalden, Paul B

2009-12-01

29

Use of the Terms "Schizophrenia" and "Schizophrenic" in the South Korean News Media: A Content Analysis of Newspapers and News Programs in the Last 10 Years  

PubMed Central

Objective In this study, we explored the meaning attributed to the words "jungshinbunyeolbyung" (schizophrenia) and "jungshinbunyeol" (schizophrenic) in South Korean newspapers and news programs in the last 10 years. Methods We screened the websites of three national newspapers and the broadcasts of three nationwide television news programs from January 1, 2001, to December 31, 2010. We classified a total of 490 articles and 257 news segments by category and quantitatively and qualitatively analyzed them. The articles and news segments were assigned to one of the following categories based on their use of the term "schizophrenia": 1) negative, 2) neutral or positive, 3) incidental, and 4) metaphorical. Results The negative viewpoint accounted for 349 incidences (46.7%), while the neutral and positive viewpoints included 225 incidences (30.1%). Incidental uses accounted for 95 incidences (12.7%), and metaphorical uses accounted for 78 incidences (10.4%). The majority of the negative uses focused on violence or dangers posed by patients (137 mentions, 37.8%), while the metaphorical uses mainly focused on the idea of splitting (51 mentions, or 65%). Conclusion This study showed that the South Korean news media do not provide balanced information about schizophrenia to the public. This study also showed that no significant move has been made toward a more positive use of the term since a previous study was conducted on the subject. Although the term schizophrenia has given way to "attunement disorder," it will be difficult to establish the new term as the standard if the South Korean media continue to use the term "schizophrenic symptom." Even though the term has been changed, guidelines are necessary to encourage the mass media to provide balanced articles and reduce prejudice.

Park, Jun-Hyun; Kim, Bongseog; Lee, Dong-Woo; Gim, Min-Sook

2012-01-01

30

Growth in Clinical Research Productivity and Funding at the University of Hawaii's John A. Burns School of Medicine: The Past 10 Years  

PubMed Central

Over the last ten years, faculty at the John A. Burns School of Medicine (JABSOM) and the University of Hawaii (UH) have been actively engaged in ongoing efforts to increase the quantity and improve the quality of biomedical research in the State of Hawaii. JABSOM’s Clinical Research Center (CRC), funded in 1995 by the National Center for Research Resources (NCRR) and the Research Centers in Minority Institutions (RCMI) of the National Institutes of Health, has provided research infrastructure that has been essential to these efforts. The CRC and other JABSOM departments and affiliated programs have collaborated with public and private entities within the community, particularly in the area of health related to diverse racial and ethnic populations. This paper sets forth a number of the significant indicators of research progress, as illustrated primarily through CRC support for various research activities conducted at JABSOM.

Shomaker, T. Samuel; Harrigan, Rosanne C.; Easa, David

2005-01-01

31

A 10-year population-based study of uterine rupture 1 1 We thank the Reproductive Care Program of Nova Scotia for data retrieval  

Microsoft Academic Search

OBJECTIVE:To review the incidence, associated factors, methods of diagnosis, and maternal and perinatal morbidity and mortality associated with uterine rupture in one Canadian province.METHODS:Using a perinatal database, all cases of uterine rupture in the province of Nova Scotia for the 10-year period 1988–1997 were identified and the maternal and perinatal mortality and morbidity reviewed in detail.RESULTS:Over the 10 years, there

Katharina E Kieser; Thomas F Baskett

2002-01-01

32

Feasibility, Drug Safety, and Effectiveness of Etiological Treatment Programs for Chagas Disease in Honduras, Guatemala, and Bolivia: 10-Year Experience of M?decins Sans Fronti?res  

PubMed Central

Background Chagas disease (American trypanosomiasis) is a zoonotic or anthropozoonotic disease caused by the parasite Trypanosoma cruzi. Predominantly affecting populations in poor areas of Latin America, medical care for this neglected disease is often lacking. Médecins Sans Frontières/Doctors Without Borders (MSF) has provided diagnostic and treatment services for Chagas disease since 1999. This report describes 10 years of field experience in four MSF programs in Honduras, Guatemala, and Bolivia, focusing on feasibility protocols, safety of drug therapy, and treatment effectiveness. Methodology From 1999 to 2008, MSF provided free diagnosis, etiological treatment, and follow-up care for patients <18 years of age seropositive for T. cruzi in Yoro, Honduras (1999–2002); Olopa, Guatemala (2003–2006); Entre Ríos, Bolivia (2002–2006); and Sucre, Bolivia (2005–2008). Essential program components guaranteeing feasibility of implementation were information, education, and communication (IEC) at the community and family level; vector control; health staff training; screening and diagnosis; treatment and compliance, including family-based strategies for early detection of adverse events; and logistics. Chagas disease diagnosis was confirmed by testing blood samples using two different diagnostic tests. T. cruzi-positive patients were treated with benznidazole as first-line treatment, with appropriate counseling, consent, and active participation from parents or guardians for daily administration of the drug, early detection of adverse events, and treatment withdrawal, when necessary. Weekly follow-up was conducted, with adverse events recorded to assess drug safety. Evaluations of serological conversion were carried out to measure treatment effectiveness. Vector control, entomological surveillance, and health education activities were carried out in all projects with close interaction with national and regional programs. Results Total numbers of children and adolescents tested for T. cruzi in Yoro, Olopa, Entre Ríos, and Sucre were 24,471, 8,927, 7,613, and 19,400, respectively. Of these, 232 (0.9%), 124 (1.4%), 1,475 (19.4%), and 1,145 (5.9%) patients, respectively, were diagnosed as seropositive. Patients were treated with benznidazole, and early findings of seroconversion varied widely between the Central and South American programs: 87.1% and 58.1% at 18 months post-treatment in Yoro and Olopa, respectively; 5.4% by up to 60 months in Entre Ríos; and 0% at an average of 18 months in Sucre. Benznidazole-related adverse events were observed in 50.2% and 50.8% of all patients treated in Yoro and Olopa, respectively, and 25.6% and 37.9% of patients in Entre Ríos and Sucre, respectively. Most adverse events were mild and manageable. No deaths occurred in the treatment population. Conclusions These results demonstrate the feasibility of implementing Chagas disease diagnosis and treatment programs in resource-limited settings, including remote rural areas, while addressing the limitations associated with drug-related adverse events. The variability in apparent treatment effectiveness may reflect differences in patient and parasite populations, and illustrates the limitations of current treatments and measures of efficacy. New treatments with improved safety profiles, pediatric formulations of existing and new drugs, and a faster, reliable test of cure are all urgently needed.

Yun, Oliver; Lima, M. Angeles; Ellman, Tom; Chambi, Wilma; Castillo, Sandra; Flevaud, Laurence; Roddy, Paul; Parreno, Fernando; Albajar Vinas, Pedro; Palma, Pedro Pablo

2009-01-01

33

Case Study in Evidence-Based Practice in Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology: The Use of the Coping Power Program to Treat a 10-Year-Old Girl with Disruptive Behaviors  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes the successful application of the Coping Power program by school-based clinicians to address a 10-year-old girl's disruptive behavior symptoms. Coping Power is an empirically supported cognitive-behavioral program for children at risk for serious conduct problems and their parents. The following case study illustrates the…

Lochman, John E.; Boxmeyer, Caroline; Powell, Nicole; Wojnaroski, Mary; Yaros, Anna

2007-01-01

34

TOR: The First 10 Years  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a TOR was discovered and christened 10 years ago. On the occasion of this anniversary, we revisit the discovery of TOR and chronicle\\u000a subsequent breakthroughs in S. cerevisiae that contributed to an understanding of TOR function in yeast and higher eukaryotes. In particular, we discuss findings that\\u000a led to the realization that the function of TOR is to control cell growth

A. Lorberg; M. N. Hall

35

A Controlled Evaluation of a Fitness and Nutrition Intervention Program on Cardiovascular Health in 10YearOld to 12YearOld Children  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background. Programs to improve cardiovascular health in schoolchildren need careful scientific evaluation. Method. In a randomized controlled trial of nutrition and fitness programs over a period of about 9 months, 1,147 10- to 12-year-olds from 30 schools were allocated to one of five health programs: fitness, fitness + school nutrition, school-based nutrition, school + home nutrition, home-based nutrition, or a

R. Vandongen; D. A. Jenner; C. Thompson; A. C. Taggart; E. E. Spickett; V. Burke; L. J. Beilin; R. A. Milligan; D. L. Dunbar

1995-01-01

36

Pediatric lung transplantation: 10 years of experience  

PubMed Central

Lung transplantation is a well-established treatment for advanced lung diseases. In children, the diseases that most commonly lead to the need for a transplantation are cystic fibrosis, pulmonary hypertension, and bronchiolitis. However, the number of pediatric lung transplantations being performed is low compared with the number of transplants performed in the adult age group. The objective of this study was to demonstrate our experience with pediatric lung transplants over a 10-year period in a program initially designed for adults.

Camargo, Priscila C. L. B.; Pato, Eduardo Z. S.; Campos, Silvia V.; Afonso, Jose E.; Carraro, Rafael M.; Costa, Andre N.; Teixeira, Ricardo H. O. B.; Samano, Marcos N.; Pego-Fernandes, Paulo M.

2014-01-01

37

Summary trends for the Meropenem Yearly Susceptibility Test Information Collection Program: a 10-year experience in the United States (1999–2008)  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Meropenem Yearly Susceptibility Test Information Collection (MYSTIC) Program was a global, longitudinal antimicrobial resistance surveillance network of more than 100 medical centers worldwide monitoring the susceptibility of meropenem and selected other broad-spectrum comparator agents. In 1999, and from 2000 through 2008, a total of 10 or 15 United States (USA) medical centers each forwarded 200 nonduplicate clinical isolates from

Paul R. Rhomberg; Ronald N. Jones

2009-01-01

38

NASA's Microgravity Research Program  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Fiscal Year 1999 Annual Report describes key elements of the NASA Microgravity Research Program. The Program's goals, approach taken to achieve those goals, and program resources are summarized. A review of the Program's status at the end of FY1999 and highlights of the ground-and-flight research are provided.

Woodard, Dan R. (Editor); Henderson, Robin N. (Technical Monitor)

2000-01-01

39

NASA Microgravity Research Program  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Fiscal Year 1998 Annual Report describes key elements of the NASA Microgravity Research Program. The Program's goals, approach taken to achieve those goals, and program resources are summarized. A review of the Program's status at the end of FY1998 and highlights of the ground- and-flight-based research are provided.

Woodard, Dan

1999-01-01

40

Research on Program Quality.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Program evaluation research, including reputational studies and studies based on objective indicators, and research on the quantitative correlates of program quality are reviewed. Reputational studies, which have dominated research on program quality in higher education, emphasize peer evaluation. Some major reputational studies of graduate…

Blackburn, Robert T.; Conrad, Clifton F.

41

Radiation Research Program (RRP)  

Cancer.gov

The RRP is responsible for NCI's clinically-related extramural radiation research program. The RRP establishes priorities, allocates resources, and evaluates the effectiveness of such radiation research being conducted by NCI grantees. RRP staff represent the program at NCI management and scientific meetings and provide scientific support to leadership on matters related to radiation research.

42

NASA's Microgravity Research Program  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This fiscal year (FY) 1997 annual report describes key elements of the NASA Microgravity Research Program (MRP) as conducted by the Microgravity Research Division (MRD) within NASA's Office of Life and Microgravity, Sciences and Applications. The program's goals, approach taken to achieve those goals, and program resources are summarized. All snapshots of the program's status at the end of FY 1997 and a review of highlights and progress in grounds and flights based research are provided. Also described are major space missions that flew during FY 1997, plans for utilization of the research potential of the International Space Station, the Advanced Technology Development (ATD) Program, and various educational/outreach activities. The MRP supports investigators from academia, industry, and government research communities needing a space environment to study phenomena directly or indirectly affected by gravity.

Woodard, Dan

1998-01-01

43

Graduate Research Fellowship Program  

NSF Publications Database

The Graduate Research Fellowship Program awards fellowships for graduate study leading to research-based master?s or doctoral degrees in the fields of science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) relevant to the mission of the National Science Foundation (NSF-Supported FIelds of Specialization). Complete applications include information that must be submitted electronically using NSF?s FastLane Graduate Research Fellowship Program application module at http://www.fastlane.nsf.gov/...

44

NREL Research Participant Program  

SciTech Connect

The mission of the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) is to lead the nation toward a clean energy future. To achieve this mission, NREL must gather and engage the finest talents for our energy programs. That's one reason NREL provides resources and opportunities for innovative research and thought leadership through our Research Participant Programs. Whether you choose to participate in energy efficiency and renewable energy research, our Energy Analysis or NREL's commercialization and deployment disciplines, you will find unique and impactful opportunities across the lab.

Christensen, Dana

2011-01-01

45

Helicopter crashworthiness research program  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Results are presented from the U.S. Army-Aerostructures Directorate/NASA-Langley Research Center joint research program on helicopter crashworthiness. Through the on-going research program an in-depth understanding was developed on the cause/effect relationships between material and architectural variables and the energy-absorption capability of composite material and structure. Composite materials were found to be efficient energy absorbers. Graphite/epoxy subfloor structures were more efficient energy absorbers than comparable structures fabricated from Kevlar or aluminum. An accurate method predicting the energy-absorption capability of beams was developed.

Farley, Gary L.; Boitnott, Richard L.; Carden, Huey D.

1988-01-01

46

THE BIOTECHNOLOGY RESEARCH PROGRAM IN ORD  

EPA Science Inventory

The Biotechnology Research Strategy presents a conceptual framework for future biotechnology research by EPA's Office of Research Development (ORD) over the next 5-10 years. This research strategy outlines ORD's core research effort to provide broader, more fundamental informatio...

47

NASA supported research programs  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A summary of the scientific NASA grants and achievements accomplished by the University of California, Los Angles, is presented. The development of planetary and space sciences as a major curriculum of the University, and statistical data on graduate programs in aerospace sciences are discussed. An interdisciplinary approach to aerospace science education is emphasized. Various research programs and scientific publications that are a direct result of NASA grants are listed.

Libby, W. F.

1975-01-01

48

Human Research Program Opportunities  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The goal of HRP is to provide human health and performance countermeasures, knowledge, technologies, and tools to enable safe, reliable, and productive human space exploration. The Human Research Program was designed to meet the needs of human space exploration, and understand and reduce the risk to crew health and performance in exploration missions.

Kundrot, Craig E.

2014-01-01

49

MRM Evaluation Research Program  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This is an interim report on the current output of the MRM evaluation research program. During 1998 this research program has used new and existing data to create an important tool for the development and improvement of "maintenance resource management" (MRM). Thousands of surveys completed by participants in airline MRM training and/or behavior change programs have, for the first time, been consolidated into a panel of "MRM Attitudes and Opinion Profiles." These profiles can be used to compare the attitudes about decision making and communication in any given company at any stage in its MRM program with attitudes of a large sample of like employees during a similar period in their MRM involvement. This panel of comparison profiles for attitudes and opinions is a tool to help audit the effectiveness of a maintenance human factors program. The profile panel is the first of several tools envisioned for applying the information accumulating in MRM databases produced as one of the program's long range objectives.

Taylor, James C.

1998-01-01

50

Equipment Qualification Research Program: Program Plan.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) under the sponsorship of the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) has developed this program plan for research in equipment qualification (EQA). In this report the research program which will be executed...

R. G. Dong P. D. Smith

1982-01-01

51

Supporting Earth Observing Science, 2004: 10 Years.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This year, NASA's Earth Science Data and Information System (ESDIS) Project and our Distributed Active Archive Centers (DAACs) celebrate the first 10 years of the Earth Observing System Data and Information System (EOSDIS) DAAC Annual publication, a decad...

2004-01-01

52

Heat cycle research program  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The overall objective of the Heat Cycle Research Program, which is being conducted for the Department of Energy, is to develop technology for effecting improved utilization of moderate temperature geothermal resources. Major thrusts of the effort are directed toward: (1) advances in binary cycle technology, (2) development of direct contact heat exchanger technology for use in applications with resources having high corrosion or scaling potential, and (3) special studies including value analyses for estimating economic advantages of plant improvement concepts and studies of other energy conversion cycles. Some background information relative to the program is presented; the progress and program results to date are summarized; the current effort is discussed briefly; and finally some plans for future tasks are outlined.

Demuth, O. J.

53

1997 Graduate Student Researchers Program  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

In 1980, NASA initiated the Graduate Student Research Program (GSRP) to cultivate additional research ties to the academic community and to support a culturally diverse group of students pursuing advanced degrees in science and engineering. Eligibility requirements for this program are described, and program administrators are listed. Research areas are detailed for NASA Headquarters and all Research and Flight Centers.

1996-01-01

54

Interdisciplinary Research Program at MPL Applied Research Laboratory Program 1998.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The long-term goals of this program are to foster interdisciplinary research efforts which combine the research interests of several investigators. In addition, the ARL Program provides partial Laboratory support for post- doctoral students and new academ...

W. A. Kupereman W. S. Hodgkiss

1998-01-01

55

NRL HIFAR research program  

SciTech Connect

The use of a beam of heavy ions to ignite a thermonuclear pellet places severe constraints on beam emittance throughout the accelerator system. Nonlinearities which occur during beam transport, acceleration, and focusing, can cause emittance growth which limits spot intensity. Because of the high beam intensities required to achieve ignition, details of the self-consistent evolution of nonlinear space charge forces are generally important in this process. Computer simulations have, in turn, become an important tool in examining beam dynamics in this nonlinear regime. The Naval Research Laboratory HIFAR research program has been a major contributor to the successful use of numerical simulation to understand the detailed mechanisms by which space charge nonlinearities can contribute to emittance growth and the dilution of beam intensity. This program has been conducted in close cooperation with LLNL and LBL personnel to maximize support for those programs. Codes developed at NRL have been extensively shared and models developed at the other laboratories have been incorporated in the NRL codes. Because of the collaborative nature of much of the work over the past year, which has emphasized the development of numerical tools and techniques for general use, progress has generally resulted from shared efforts. The work, as reported here, emphasizes those contributions which can be attributed primarily to the NRL effort.

Not Available

1989-01-01

56

HTGR safety research program  

SciTech Connect

An HTGR safety research program is being performed supporting and guided in priorities by the AIPA Probabilistic Risk Study. Analytical and experimental studies have been conducted in four general areas where modeling or data assumptions contribute to large uncertainties in the consequence assessments and thus, in the risk assessment for key core heat-up accident scenarios. Experimental data have been obtained on time-dependent release of fission products from the fuel particles, and plateout characteristics of condensible fission products in the primary circuit. Potential failure modes of primarily top head PCRV components as well as concrete degradation processes have been analyzed using a series of newly developed models and interlinked computer programs. Containment phenomena, including fission product deposition and potential flammability of liberated combustible gases have been studied analytically.

Barsell, A.W.; Olsen, B.E.; Silady, F.A.

1980-08-01

57

Review of Global Change Research Program plan  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The draft 10-year strategic plan for the U.S. Global Change Research Program (USGCRP), which proposes broadening the scope of the program from climate change only to climate change and climaterelated global changes, “is an important step in the right direction,” according to a 5 January review of the plan by a committee of the U.S. National Research Council (NRC) of the National Academies. However, the committee also said that the program's legislative mandate is even broader in allowing USGCRP to address many aspects of global change including climate change, the global hydrological cycle, and widespread land use changes. “The Program's legislative mandate is to address all of global change, whether or not related to climate. The Committee concurs that this broader scope is appropriate, but realizes that such an expansion may be constrained by budget realities and by the practical challenge of maintaining clear boundaries for an expanded program,” the report states. “We encourage sustained efforts to expand the Program over time, along with efforts to better define and prioritize what specific topics are included within the bounds of global change research.”

Showstack, Randy

2012-01-01

58

Jointly Sponsored Research Program  

SciTech Connect

U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Cooperative Agreement DE-FC26-98FT40321 funded through the Office of Fossil Energy and administered at the National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL) supported the performance of a Jointly Sponsored Research Program (JSRP) at the Energy & Environmental Research Center (EERC) with a minimum 50% nonfederal cost share to assist industry in commercializing and effectively applying highly efficient, nonpolluting energy systems that meet the nation's requirements for clean fuels, chemicals, and electricity in the 21st century. The EERC in partnership with its nonfederal partners jointly performed 131 JSRP projects for which the total DOE cost share was $22,716,634 (38%) and the nonfederal share was $36,776,573 (62%). Summaries of these projects are presented in this report for six program areas: (1) resource characterization and waste management, (2) air quality assessment and control, (3) advanced power systems, (4) advanced fuel forms, (5) value-added coproducts, and (6) advanced materials. The work performed under this agreement addressed DOE goals for reductions in CO{sub 2} emissions through efficiency, capture, and sequestration; near-zero emissions from highly efficient coal-fired power plants; environmental control capabilities for SO{sub 2}, NO{sub x}, fine respirable particulate (PM{sub 2.5}), and mercury; alternative transportation fuels including liquid synfuels and hydrogen; and synergistic integration of fossil and renewable resources.

Everett A. Sondreal; John G. Hendrikson; Thomas A. Erickson

2009-03-31

59

[10 years of liver transplantation in Peru].  

PubMed

The article reviews the experience in 10 years of hepatic transplants performed by The Transplant Department of the National Hospital Guillermo Almenara Irigoyen (HNGAI), describing the history, surgical outcomes in adults and children, retransplantation, combined liver-kidney transplants, complications in 72 transplants performed at the time of submission of the article. PMID:21263763

Chaman Ortiz, José Carlos; Padilla Machaca, P Martín; Rondon Leyva, Carlos; Carrasco Mascaró, Felix

2010-01-01

60

Union commitment and participation: a 10-year longitudinal study.  

PubMed

The authors longitudinally investigated the causal nature of the relationship between union commitment and participation in informal union activities. A total of 134 members of the National Association of Letter Carriers were studied over a 10-year period. Using cross-lagged regression analysis, early union commitment was found to predict the level of informal union participation 10 years later. The reverse and reciprocal relationships were not supported. These findings support and extend earlier research on the causal nature of the short-term relationship between union commitment and participation. The implications of the findings for researchers and labor unions are discussed. PMID:15327358

Fullagar, Clive J; Gallagher, Daniel G; Clark, Paul F; Carroll, Anthony E

2004-08-01

61

The academic occupational physician as consultant. A 10-year perspective.  

PubMed

The academic community has long served the private sector in a consultant capacity in engineering and in the sciences. With respect to occupational medicine, physicians, when working for industry, have generally practiced in a health care setting. Within the past 10 years, however, the business sector has placed more attention on the health implications of its operations as a result of regulations, liability, and rising health care costs. These issues, which go beyond traditional clinical responsibilities, have furthered the need for businesses to receive strategic medical advice to effectively operate and to maintain a competitive edge. One particular business sector, the chemical industry, has been challenged seriously because of legitimate as well as perceived health risks associated with the production and use of its products. This paper describes the professional experiences over a 10-year period (1983 to 1993) of an occupational physician working as a consultant to an international chemical company. Services have related to epidemiology, health policy, toxicology, plant oversight as well as serving as a health advisor on matters involving the relation between business and health. An academic affiliation with an occupational medicine residency program has facilitated access to related occupational health professionals to assist in problem solving and research. Opportunities for consulting in occupational medicine will depend upon the nature of the organization as well as the personal and professional characteristics of the physician. Requests for these types of services, however, are likely to expand in the near future, primarily as a result of wider awareness of the implications of work on health, increased litigation, and government regulations. PMID:8014716

McCunney, R J

1994-04-01

62

Component fragility research program  

SciTech Connect

To demonstrate how high-level'' qualification test data can be used to estimate the ultimate seismic capacity of nuclear power plant equipment, we assessed in detail various electrical components tested by the Pacific Gas Electric Company for its Diablo Canyon plant. As part of our Phase I Component Fragility Research Program, we evaluated seismic fragility for five Diablo Canyon components: medium-voltage (4kV) switchgear; safeguard relay board; emergency light battery pack; potential transformer; and station battery and racks. This report discusses our Phase II fragility evaluation of a single Westinghouse Type W motor control center column, a fan cooler motor controller, and three local starters at the Diablo Canyon nuclear power plant. These components were seismically qualified by means of biaxial random motion tests on a shaker table, and the test response spectra formed the basis for the estimate of the seismic capacity of the components. The seismic capacity of each component is referenced to the zero period acceleration (ZPA) and, in our Phase II study only, to the average spectral acceleration (ASA) of the motion at its base. For the motor control center, the seismic capacity was compared to the capacity of a Westinghouse Five-Star MCC subjected to actual fragility tests by LLNL during the Phase I Component Fragility Research Program, and to generic capacities developed by the Brookhaven National Laboratory for motor control center. Except for the medium-voltage switchgear, all of the components considered in both our Phase I and Phase II evaluations were qualified in their standard commercial configurations or with only relatively minor modifications such as top bracing of cabinets. 8 refs., 67 figs., 7 tabs.

Tsai, N.C.; Mochizuki, G.L.; Holman, G.S. (NCT Engineering, Inc., Lafayette, CA (USA); Lawrence Livermore National Lab., CA (USA))

1989-11-01

63

Research Programs Supported by NCI  

Cancer.gov

Research Programs Supported by NCI Related Resources The MERIT Award Research Networks Breast and Colon Cancer Family Registries Breast Cancer and the Environment Research Centers (BCERC) Breast Cancer Surveillance Consortium Cancer Care Outcomes

64

Medtronic intact porcine bioprosthesis: 10 years’ experience  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background. The Medtronic Intact porcine bioprosthesis experience was evaluated over a period of 10 years to determine the influence of structural valve deterioration by valve position in various age groupings.Methods. From 1986 to 1996 inclusive, at three centers, 1,272 patients had the prosthesis implanted in 1,296 procedures. The mean age of the population was 67 years (range, 9 to 91

W. R. Eric Jamieson; Michel D Lemieux; John A Sullivan; A. Ian Munro; Jacques Métras; Paul C Cartier

1998-01-01

65

The post-subcultural turn: some reflections 10 years on  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article investigates and evaluates the key tenets of the post-subcultural turn as this has informed discussion and debate among youth culture researchers during the last 10 years. While the post-subcultural turn has produced a wealth of new analytical tools and conceptual approaches, as well as providing a basis for several anthologies, it has also given rise to a series

Andy Bennett

2011-01-01

66

Chief, Outcomes Research Branch, Applied Research Program  

Cancer.gov

The National Cancer Institute (NCI), a major research component of the National Institutes of Health (NIH) and Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS), is conducting a national search for the Chief of the Outcomes Research Branch (ORB) within the Applied Research Program (ARP).

67

DCTD — Radiation Research Program (RRP)  

Cancer.gov

Skip to Content Click here to view the Site Map Home | Sitemap | Contact DCTD Search this site Radiation Research Program (RRP) Introduction Partnerships and Collaborations Scientific Advances Workshops and Reports DCTD Programs Cancer Diagnosis

68

Programs & Resources | Radiation Research Program (RRP)  

Cancer.gov

Skip to Content Search this site Programs & Resources Main Human Resources Needed for Cancer Control in Low & Middle Income Countries Human Resources Needed for Cervical Cancer Screening Specialized Initiatives Information Systems Funded Research NIH

69

Seismic Safety Margin Research Program: Program Plan.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Since the first meeting on November 9, 1977, the objective of the Seismic Safety Margin Research Program (SSMRP) has been to develop mathematical models that realistically predict the probability of radioactive releases from seismically induced events in ...

P. D. Smith F. J. Tokarz D. L. Bernreuter G. E. Cummings C. K. Chou

1978-01-01

70

Surgery in Tuvalu: a 10-year review.  

PubMed

A total of 1084 surgical procedures was performed during the first 10 years of independence in the small Pacific island nation of Tuvalu. Visiting surgical teams performed 29% of these. Obstetrical and gynaecological operations, eye and abdominal operations counted for more than half of the total number of operations; of the individual operations, cataract extraction, tubal ligation and appendicectomy were the most common. After local anaesthesia, epidural, spinal or ketamine anaesthesia, respectively, were performed more often than general anaesthesia. During the 10-year period, only 12 patients were sent overseas for surgical treatment. Of the estimated 110 patients needing surgical treatment in Tuvalu each year, the great majority can be managed with present facilities. Regular visits by an eye and a plastic surgery team are useful, and a small number of selected patients need surgical treatment overseas. The adequate treatment of surgical emergencies from outer islands in an island community with great distances and poor communications remains the biggest challenge for surgical services in the future. PMID:2334361

Leppaniemi, A K

1990-05-01

71

Federal Wind Energy Research Program  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Office of Program Analysis (OPA) undertook an assessment of 55 research projects sponsored by the Federal Wind Energy Research Program. This report summarizes the results of that review. In accordance with statue and policy guidance, the program's research has targeted the sciences of wind turbine dynamics and the development of advanced components and systems. Wind turbine research has focused on atmospheric fluid dynamics, aerodynamics, and structural dynamics. Rating factors including project scientific and technical merit, appropriateness and level of innovation of the technical approach, quality of the project team, productivity, and probable impact on the program's mission. Each project was also given an overall evaluation supported with written comments.

1991-10-01

72

Human Research Program Integrated Research Plan.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Crew health and performance are critical to successful human exploration beyond low Earth orbit. The Human Research Program (HRP) is essential to enabling extended periods of space exploration because it provides knowledge and tools to mitigate risks to h...

S. Steinberg

2011-01-01

73

Human Research Program Requirements Document. Human Research Program Revision E  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This document defines, documents, and allocates the Human Research Program (HRP) requirements to the HRP Program Elements. It also establishes the flow of requirements from the Human Exploration and Operations Mission Directorate (HEOMD) and the Office of the Chief Health and Medical Officer (OCHMO) down to the various HRP Program Elements to ensure that human research and technology countermeasure investments support the delivery of countermeasures and technologies that satisfy HEOMD's and OCHMO's exploration mission requirements.

Vargas, Paul

2011-01-01

74

Aqua's First 10 Years: An Overview  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

NASA's Aqua spacecraft was launched at 2:55 a.m. on May 4, 2002, from Vandenberg Air Force Base in California, into a near-polar, sun-synchronous orbit at an altitude of 705 km. Aqua carries six Earth-observing instruments to collect data on water in all its forms (liquid, vapor, and solid) and on a wide variety of additional Earth system variables (Parkinson 2003). The design lifetime for Aqua's prime mission was 6 years, and Aqua is now well into its extended mission, approaching 10 years of successful operations. The Aqua data have been used for hundreds of scientific studies and continue to be used for scientific discovery and numerous practical applications.

Parkinson, Claire L.

2012-01-01

75

Research Programs and Initiatives  

Cancer.gov

CGH develops international initiatives and collaborates with other NCI divisions, NCI-designated Cancer Centers, and other countries to support cancer control planning, encourage capacity building, and support cancer research and research networks.

76

Ecological Research Division, Marine Research Program  

SciTech Connect

This report presents program summaries of the various projects sponsored during 1979 by the Marine Research Program of the Ecological Research Division. Program areas include the effects of petroleum hydrocarbons on the marine environment; a study of the baseline ecology of a proposed OTEC site near Puerto Rico; the environmental impact of offshore geothermal energy development; the movement of radionuclides through the marine environment; the environmental aspects of power plant cooling systems; and studies of the physical and biological oceangraphy of the continental shelves bordering the United States.

Not Available

1980-05-01

77

ARCTIC CONTAMINANTS RESEARCH PROGRAM: RESEARCH PLAN  

EPA Science Inventory

This research plan was initially intended to contain the information needed to evaluate the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Arctic Contaminant Research Program (ACRP). t served as a basis for discussion at a peer review, and has been revised to incorporate changes and ...

78

BREAKTHROUGH PROPULSION PHYSICS RESEARCH PROGRAM  

Microsoft Academic Search

In 1996, a team of government, university and industry researchers proposed a program to seek the ultimate breakthroughs in space transportation: propulsion that requires no propellant mass, propulsion that can approach and, if possible, circumvent light speed, and breakthrough methods of energy production to power such devices. This Breakthrough Propulsion Physics program, managed by Lewis Research Center, is one part

Marc G. Millis

1996-01-01

79

Human Research Program Requirements Document  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The purpose of this document is to define, document, and allocate the Human Research Program (HRP) requirements to the HRP Program elements. It establishes the flow-down of requirements from Exploration Systems Mission Directorate (ESMD) and Office of the Chief Health and Medical Officer (OCHMO) to the various Program Elements of the HRP to ensure that human research and technology countermeasure investments are made to insure the delivery of countermeasures and technologies that satisfy ESMD s and OCHMO's exploration mission requirements.

Rieger, Gabe

2007-01-01

80

Graduate Research Fellowship Program (GRFP)  

NSF Publications Database

The Graduate Research Fellowship Program awards fellowships for graduate study leading to research-based master?s or doctoral degrees in the fields of science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) relevant to the mission of the National Science Foundation (See NSF-Supported Fields of Study). Fellowship applications must be submitted electronically using the NSF Fastlane Graduate Research Fellowship Program Application Module at https://www.fastlane.nsf.gov/grfp/ according to the ...

81

Initiatives & Programs | Radiation Research Program (RRP)  

Cancer.gov

As part of its cutting-edge program, the Cancer Imaging Program (CIP) plays a critical role in the activities of the National Institutes of Health (NIH) and NCI, contributing to the integration of imaging with emerging technologies such as nanotechnology, proteomics, and high-throughput screening. In addition to funding projects in key areas, CIP supports researchers by providing pooled resources and developing protocols that encourage the sharing of data, samples, and results.

82

Research-tested Intervention Programs: Program Ratings  

Cancer.gov

Integrity reflects the overall confidence reviewers can place in the findings of a program's evaluation based on its scientific rigor. The research integrity rating system comprises 16 criteria scored by external peer reviewers. Scores on each criterion range, on a 5 point scale, from low quality to high quality. The overall integrity score is a weighted average of the 16 criteria reflecting the merits of the science that went into the program evaluation.

83

Programs & Resources | Radiation Research Program (RRP)  

Cancer.gov

The Radiation Research Program has a strong commitment to promoting the highest standards in radiotherapy delivery and evaluation. The Advanced Technology Consortium (ATC) and Quantitative Imaging Network (QIN) address these issues. RRP is also committed to promoting equal access to healthcare for underserved populations. These efforts include the Cancer Disparities Research Partnership initiated in 202 and current efforts to develop a "Cancer Experts Corps" to provide mentoring to physicians in under-developed areas.

84

Programs & Resources | Radiation Research Program (RRP)  

Cancer.gov

The RRP and its members have long-standing interest and experience in global cancer networking and research. The experience includes Dr. Vikram's 5 years at the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) helping establish the Programme of Action for Cancer Therapy (PACT) for assisting underserved countries develop radiation oncology programs. Dr.

85

Biomass Research Program  

ScienceCinema

INL's mission is to achieve DOE's vision of supplying high-quality raw biomass; preprocessing biomass into advanced bioenergy feedstocks; and delivering bioenergy commodities to biorefineries. You can learn more about research like this at the lab's facebook site http://www.facebook.com/idahonationallaboratory.

Kenney, Kevin; Wright, Christopher; Shelton-Davis, Colleen

2013-05-28

86

Biomass Research Program  

SciTech Connect

INL's mission is to achieve DOE's vision of supplying high-quality raw biomass; preprocessing biomass into advanced bioenergy feedstocks; and delivering bioenergy commodities to biorefineries. You can learn more about research like this at the lab's facebook site http://www.facebook.com/idahonationallaboratory.

Kenney, Kevin; Wright, Christopher; Shelton-Davis, Colleen

2011-01-01

87

Highlights of 10 years of immunology in Nature Reviews Immunology  

PubMed Central

As Nature Reviews Immunology reaches its 10th anniversary, we’ve asked the authors of one of the top-cited articles of each year to look back on the state of research at the time their Review was published, to consider why the article has had the impact it has and to discuss the future directions of their field. This Viewpoint article provides an interesting snapshot of some of the fundamental advances in the field of immunology over the past 10 years — including Toll-like receptor signalling, immune regulation mediated by regulatory T cells, indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase, myeloid-derived suppressor cells and interleukin-10, the development and heterogeneity of macrophages, dendritic cells and T helper cells, and the immune processes involved in diseases such as atherosclerosis — and looks forward to what the next 10 years may bring.

Medzhitov, Ruslan; Shevach, Ethan M.; Trinchieri, Giorgio; Mellor, Andrew L.; Munn, David H.; Gordon, Siamon; Libby, Peter; Hansson, Goran K.; Shortman, Ken; Dong, Chen; Gabrilovich, Dmitry; Gabrysova, Leona; Howes, Ashleigh; O'Garra, Anne

2013-01-01

88

Tall Timbers Research Station: Research Programs  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Tall Timbers Research Station works to foster land stewardship through its research, conservation, and education efforts. Located in Tallahassee, Florida, the Tall Timbers Station conducts research in the areas of Fire Ecology, Resource Management, Vertebrate Ecology, Forestry, and Northern Bobwhite Quail studies. The Station's website contains overviews of its five major research programs and offers information regarding research jobs and internships. Tall Timbers also provides downloadable copies of its _Research Notes_ publication, and lists a variety of staff publications (some of which are downloadable). In addition, Tall Timbers features the E.V. Komarek Fire Ecology Database (reported on in the Scout Report for Science & Engineering, January 6, 1999) which contains approximately 15,000 citations, and 6,000 abstracts.

89

Ames Research Center Cryogenics Program.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Viewgraphs describe the Ames Research Center's cryogenics program. Diagrams are given of a fluid management system, a centrifugal pump, a flow meter, a liquid helium test facility, an extra-vehicular activity coupler concept, a dewar support with passive ...

P. Kittel

1987-01-01

90

Contributive Research Program of AFWAL.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A description of the work performed under the Contributive Research Program of AFWAL is presented. The scope and objectives of each individual task is reported. The work reported consisted of a wide range of individual tasks involving theoretical studies,...

R. C. Darrah

1983-01-01

91

International Research and Studies Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The International Research and Studies Program supports surveys, studies, and instructional materials development to improve and strengthen instruction in modern foreign languages, area studies, and other international fields. The purpose of the program is to improve and strengthen instruction in modern foreign languages, area studies and other…

Office of Postsecondary Education, US Department of Education, 2012

2012-01-01

92

Applied Research Program Fact Sheet  

Cancer.gov

The Applied Research Program (ARP) is one of five programs in the National Cancer Institute’s (NCI’s) Division of Cancer Control and Population Sciences (DCCPS). ARP’s mission is to understand how and why cancer care and control activities in the U.S. influence patterns of care and trends in cancer incidence, morbidity, mortality and survival.

93

Project DARE: no effects at 10-year follow-up.  

PubMed

The present study examined the impact of Project DARE (Drug Abuse Resistance Education), a widespread drug-prevention program, 10 years after administration. A total of 1,002 individuals who in 6th grade had either received DARE or a standard drug-education curriculum, were reevaluated at age 20. Few differences were found between the 2 groups in terms of actual drug use, drug attitudes, or self-esteem, and in no case did the DARE group have a more successful outcome than the comparison group. Possible reasons why DARE remains so popular, despite the lack of documented efficacy, are offered. PMID:10450631

Lynam, D R; Milich, R; Zimmerman, R; Novak, S P; Logan, T K; Martin, C; Leukefeld, C; Clayton, R

1999-08-01

94

Initiatives | Translational Research Program (TRP)  

Cancer.gov

As a result of the 2009 American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA) the NCI participated in the “Grand Opportunities” (“GO”) Program (RFA-OD-09-004; RC2 grant) to support research on high impact translational research by encouraging and rewarding collaborative team science.

95

DCTD — Translational Research Program (TRP)  

Cancer.gov

As a result of the 2009 American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA), NCI participated in the “Grand Opportunities” (“GO”) Program (RFA-OD-09-004) to support research on high impact translational research by encouraging and rewarding collaborative team science.

96

Serving the twin states for 10 years  

Microsoft Academic Search

July 1, 2004, marked the 10th anniversary of service for the Dartmouth-Hitchcock Advanced Response Team (DHART). Located on the border of New England's “Twin States” of New Hampshire and Vermont, the DHART program's home is the Dartmouth-Hitchcock Medical Center (DHMC) in Lebanon, New Hampshire. DHMC is New Hampshire's only Level 1 American College of Surgeons–verified trauma center and children's hospital

Susan A. Reeves

2004-01-01

97

Jointly Sponsored Research Program Energy Related Research  

SciTech Connect

Cooperative Agreement, DE-FC26-98FT40323, Jointly Sponsored Research (JSR) Program at Western Research Institute (WRI) began in 1998. Over the course of the Program, a total of seventy-seven tasks were proposed utilizing a total of $23,202,579 in USDOE funds. Against this funding, cosponsors committed $26,557,649 in private funds to produce a program valued at $49,760,228. The goal of the Jointly Sponsored Research Program was to develop or assist in the development of innovative technology solutions that will: (1) Increase the production of United States energy resources - coal, natural gas, oil, and renewable energy resources; (2) Enhance the competitiveness of United States energy technologies in international markets and assist in technology transfer; (3) Reduce the nation's dependence on foreign energy supplies and strengthen both the United States and regional economies; and (4) Minimize environmental impacts of energy production and utilization. Under the JSR Program, energy-related tasks emphasized enhanced oil recovery, heavy oil upgrading and characterization, coal beneficiation and upgrading, coal combustion systems development including oxy-combustion, emissions monitoring and abatement, coal gasification technologies including gas clean-up and conditioning, hydrogen and liquid fuels production, coal-bed methane recovery, and the development of technologies for the utilization of renewable energy resources. Environmental-related activities emphasized cleaning contaminated soils and waters, processing of oily wastes, mitigating acid mine drainage, and demonstrating uses for solid waste from clean coal technologies, and other advanced coal-based systems. Technology enhancement activities included resource characterization studies, development of improved methods, monitors and sensors. In general the goals of the tasks proposed were to enhance competitiveness of U.S. technology, increase production of domestic resources, and reduce environmental impacts associated with energy production and utilization. This report summarizes the accomplishments of the JSR Program.

Western Research Institute

2009-03-31

98

Water Environment Research Foundation research program  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Water Environment Research Foundation (WERF) is a not- for-profit organization established in 1989 to advance the science and technology of a broad spectrum of environmental and human health concerns to the wastewater industry and the public. It is a unique public/private partnership between utilities, academia, government, and industry, committed to funding research by leveraging resources and expertise to develop and disseminate sound scientific and technological information. Funded by subscribers, grants and contributions, WERF manages a broad array of research projects aimed at protecting human health and the environment. While WERF funds and manages projects, the actual research is carried out by individual organizations or teams composed of utilities, consultants, universities, and industrial or commercial firms. Examples of WERF's current research program include the investigation of on- line monitoring techniques for microbial and chemical contaminants in water and wastewater, optimization of processes for pathogen removal and inactivation, improved treatment of toxic compounds, and assessing the potential risks to public health from exposure to these microbial and chemical contaminants. This paper will provide an overview of the program, research funded to date, and technology needs for the future.

Noss, Charles I.

2002-02-01

99

PPG's Safety and Health Index System: A 10Year Update of an In-Plant Hazardous Materials Identification System and Its Relationship to Finished Product Labeling, Industrial Hygiene, and Medical Programs  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Safety and Health Index System (SHIS) has developed beyond its initial role as an in-plant labeling system. It has evolved into a classification scheme to rank the hazards found in the workplace and is useful in prioritizing industrial hygiene monitoring programs, installation of engineering controls, and implementation of medical monitoring for chronic hazards. In addition to providing objective criteria

B. J. HENRY; K. L. SCHAPER

1990-01-01

100

Program of Research in Aeronautics  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A prospectus of the educational and research opportunities available at the Joint Institute for Advancement of Flight Sciences, operated at NASA Langley Research Center in conjunction with George Washington University's School of Engineering and Applied Sciences is presented. Requirements of admission to various degree programs are given as well as the course offerings in the areas of acoustics, aeronautics, environmental modelling, materials science, and structures and dynamics. Research facilities for each field of study are described. Presentations and publications (including dissertations and theses) generated by each program are listed as well as faculty members visting scientists and engineers.

1981-01-01

101

NASA's computer science research program  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Following a major assessment of NASA's computing technology needs, a new program of computer science research has been initiated by the Agency. The program includes work in concurrent processing, management of large scale scientific databases, software engineering, reliable computing, and artificial intelligence. The program is driven by applications requirements in computational fluid dynamics, image processing, sensor data management, real-time mission control and autonomous systems. It consists of university research, in-house NASA research, and NASA's Research Institute for Advanced Computer Science (RIACS) and Institute for Computer Applications in Science and Engineering (ICASE). The overall goal is to provide the technical foundation within NASA to exploit advancing computing technology in aerospace applications.

Larsen, R. L.

1983-01-01

102

Summer Student Breast Cancer Research Training Program.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The purpose of the breast cancer research-training program is to recruit and train potential future researchers in breast cancer research. We recruited 15 individuals, interviewed eight, and chose five for the program. During the 12-week program, trainees...

G. P. Zaloga

2004-01-01

103

Herschel Data Processing Development: 10 Years After  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Herschel Space Observatory, the fourth cornerstone mission in the ESA science program, was launched on the 14th of May 2009. As a cryogenic mission Herschel's operational lifetime is consumable-limited by its supply of liquid helium, estimated to be depleted by March 2013. Afterwards the mission will start a 4.75 year long post-operations phase. Originally it was considered sufficient to provide astronomers with raw data and software tools to carry out a basic data reduction, and no “data products” were to be generated and delivered. Following the realisation that the expectations of the astronomical community on the deliverables of an observatory mission evolved it was agreed to implement a single ‘cradle to grave’ data analysis system supporting the needs of all users for the whole project cycle. We will summarise the lessons learned during those ten years of Herschel data processing development, address the main challenges of this major software development project, and reflect on what went well, what needed to be adapted, and our open points.

Ott, S.

2013-10-01

104

Hawaii Integrated Biofuels Research Program  

SciTech Connect

Hawaii provides a unique environment for production of biomass resources that can be converted into renewable energy products. The purpose of this work is to evaluate the potential of several biomass resources, including sugarcane, eucalyptus, and leucaena, particularly for utilization in thermochemical conversion processes to produce liquid or gaseous transportation fuels. This research program supports ongoing efforts of the Biofuels and Municipal Solid Waste Technology (BMWT) Program of the Department of Energy (DOE) and has goals that are consistent with BMWT. The Hawaii Natural Energy Institute (HNEI) work completed here consists of research activities that support two of the five renewable fuel cycles being pursued by DOE researchers. The results are directly applicable in the American territories throughout the Pacific Basin and the Caribbean, and also to many parts of the United States and worldwide. The Hawaii Integrated Biofuels Research Program is organized into the following six research tasks, which are presented as appendices in report form: Biomass Resource Assessment and System Modeling (Task 1); Bioenergy Tree Research (Task 2); Breeding, Culture, and Selection of Tropical Grasses for Increased Energy Potential (Task 3); Study of Eucalyptus Plantations for Energy Production in Hawaii (Task 4); Fundamental Solvolysis Research (Task 5); and Effects of Feedstock Composition on Pyrolysis Products (Task 6). 54 refs., 35 figs., 55 tabs.

Takahashi, P.K.

1989-10-01

105

Research Advances: Horseradish Peroxide Mixture May End War of the Noses-- Even Low Levels of Benzene Are Hemotoxic--New "Nuclear Battery" Runs 10 Years. 10 Times More Powerful  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Experts have mixed horseradish root with hydrogen peroxide or calcium peroxide in laboratory studies to get rid of the problem of odors from farm manure. Researchers evaluated how well the system reduced the concentration of volatile fatty acids, indole and skatole, compounds that are also associated with the stink of animal manure.

King, Angela G.

2005-01-01

106

NASA Student Airborne Research Program  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The NASA Student Airborne Research Program (SARP) is a unique summer internship program for advanced undergraduates and early graduate students majoring in the STEM disciplines. SARP participants acquire hands-on research experience in all aspects of an airborne research campaign, including flying onboard an major NASA resource used for studying Earth system processes. In summer 2012, thirty-two participants worked in four interdisciplinary teams to study surface, atmospheric, and oceanographic processes. Participants assisted in the operation of instruments onboard the NASA P-3B aircraft where they sampled and measured atmospheric gases and imaged land and water surfaces in multiple spectral bands. Along with airborne data collection, students participated in taking measurements at field sites. Mission faculty and research mentors helped to guide participants through instrument operation, sample analysis, and data reduction. Over the eight-week program, each student developed an individual research project from the data collected and delivered a conference-style final presentation on his/her results. We will discuss the results and effectiveness of the program from the first four summers and discuss plans for the future.

Schaller, E. L.; Shetter, R. E.

2012-12-01

107

Breakthrough Propulsion Physics Research Program  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

In 1996, a team of government, university and industry researchers proposed a program to seek the ultimate breakthroughs in space transportation: propulsion that requires no propellant mass, propulsion that can approach and, if possible, circumvent light speed, and breakthrough methods of energy production to power such devices. This Breakthrough Propulsion Physics program, managed by Lewis Research Center, is one part of a comprehensive, long range Advanced Space Transportation Plan managed by Marshall Space Flight Center. Because the breakthrough goals are beyond existing science, a main emphasis of this program is to establish metrics and ground rules to produce near-term credible progress toward these incredible possibilities. An introduction to the emerging scientific possibilities from which such solutions can be sought is also presented.

Millis, Marc G.

1996-01-01

108

Army ground robotics research program  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The U.S. Army has committed to a paradigm shift in the way future ground military operations will be conducted. It envisions highly mobile, lethal, and survivable forces that seamlessly combine manned and unmanned elements. To support this vision, the U.S. Army Research Laboratory, together with an alliance of government, industrial and academic organizations, has embarked upon a concerted research program focusing upon development of the technologies required for autonomous ground mobility by unmanned systems. This paper will discuss technical activities of the past year and research directions for the future.

Bornstein, Jonathan A.

2002-07-01

109

Subsurface transport program: Research summary  

SciTech Connect

DOE's research program in subsurface transport is designed to provide a base of fundamental scientific information so that the geochemical, hydrological, and biological mechanisms that contribute to the transport and long term fate of energy related contaminants in subsurface ecosystems can be understood. Understanding the physical and chemical mechanisms that control the transport of single and co-contaminants is the underlying concern of the program. Particular attention is given to interdisciplinary research and to geosphere-biosphere interactions. The scientific results of the program will contribute to resolving Departmental questions related to the disposal of energy-producing and defense wastes. The background papers prepared in support of this document contain additional information on the relevance of the research in the long term to energy-producing technologies. Detailed scientific plans and other research documents are available for high priority research areas, for example, in subsurface transport of organic chemicals and mixtures and in the microbiology of deep aquifers. 5 figs., 1 tab.

Not Available

1987-01-01

110

NASA's rotorcraft icing research program  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The objective of the NASA aircraft icing research program is to develop and make available icing technology to support the needs and requirements of industry for all weather aircraft designs. While a majority of the technology being developed is viewed to be generic (i.e., appropriate to all vehicle classes), vehicle specific emphasis is being placed on the helicopter due to its unique icing problems. In particular, some of the considerations for rotorcraft icing are indicated. The NASA icing research program emphasizes technology development in two key areas: ice protection concepts and icing simulation (analytical and experimental). The NASA research efforts related to rotorcraft icing in these two technology areas will be reviewed.

Shaw, Robert J.; Reinmann, John J.; Miller, Thomas L.

1988-01-01

111

Langley airfoil-research program  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

An overview of past, present, and future airfoil research activities at the Langley Research Center is given. The immediate past and future occupy most of the discussion; however, past accomplishments and milestones going back to the early NACA years are dealt with in a broad-brush way to give a better perspective of current developments and programs. In addition to the historical perspective, a short description of the facilities which are now being used in the airfoil program is given. This is followed by a discussion of airfoil developments, advances in airfoil design and analysis tools (mostly those that have taken place over the past 5 or 6 years), and tunnel-wall-interference predictive methods and measurements. Future research requirements are treated.

Bobbitt, P. J.

1979-01-01

112

Clean Coal Program Research Activities  

SciTech Connect

Although remarkable progress has been made in developing technologies for the clean and efficient utilization of coal, the biggest challenge in the utilization of coal is still the protection of the environment. Specifically, electric utilities face increasingly stringent restriction on the emissions of NO{sub x} and SO{sub x}, new mercury emission standards, and mounting pressure for the mitigation of CO{sub 2} emissions, an environmental challenge that is greater than any they have previously faced. The Utah Clean Coal Program addressed issues related to innovations for existing power plants including retrofit technologies for carbon capture and sequestration (CCS) or green field plants with CCS. The Program focused on the following areas: simulation, mercury control, oxycoal combustion, gasification, sequestration, chemical looping combustion, materials investigations and student research experiences. The goal of this program was to begin to integrate the experimental and simulation activities and to partner with NETL researchers to integrate the Program's results with those at NETL, using simulation as the vehicle for integration and innovation. The investigators also committed to training students in coal utilization technology tuned to the environmental constraints that we face in the future; to this end the Program supported approximately 12 graduate students toward the completion of their graduate degree in addition to numerous undergraduate students. With the increased importance of coal for energy independence, training of graduate and undergraduate students in the development of new technologies is critical.

Larry Baxter; Eric Eddings; Thomas Fletcher; Kerry Kelly; JoAnn Lighty; Ronald Pugmire; Adel Sarofim; Geoffrey Silcox; Phillip Smith; Jeremy Thornock; Jost Wendt; Kevin Whitty

2009-03-31

113

HEALTH EFFECTS RESEARCH LABORATORY BIOTECHNOLOGY RESEARCH PROGRAM: AN OVERVIEW SUMMARY  

EPA Science Inventory

The present Health Effects Research Laboratory (HERL) biotechnology program is an outgrowth of previously existing programs in microbial pesticide research and genetic toxicology research. In order to meet the recommendation issued during the Coolfont Conference, HERL presently m...

114

Risk Assessment Tool for Estimating Your 10-Year Risk of Having a Heart Attack  

MedlinePLUS

... Education Programs Continuing Education Opportunities Health Observances Risk Assessment Tool for Estimating Your 10-year Risk of Having a Heart Attack The risk assessment tool below uses information from the Framingham Heart ...

115

Global Scale Atmospheric Processes Research Program Review  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Global modeling; satellite data assimilation and initialization; simulation of future observing systems; model and observed energetics; dynamics of planetary waves; First Global Atmospheric Research Program Global Experiment (FGGE) diagnosis studies; and National Research Council Research Associateship Program are discussed.

Worley, B. A. (editor); Peslen, C. A. (editor)

1984-01-01

116

Summer Student Breast Cancer Research Training Program.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The purpose of the Breast Cancer Research Training Program is to recruit and train potential future researchers in breast cancer research. During the 3-year grant, we recruited 75 applicants to the program, interviewed 22 candidates, and hired 15 students...

G. P. Zaloga K. L. Spear

2006-01-01

117

Office of Energy Research Program Summary.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Program structure, long range planning and program objectives are summarized for High Energy Physics, Nuclear Physics, Basic Energy Sciences Health and Environmental Research, Magnetic Fusion Energy, University Research Support, and Energy Research Analys...

1982-01-01

118

ONR Basic Research Program: Summary and Bibliographies.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Office of Naval Research (ONR) sponsors the Basic Research Program, a discretionary grant program for the purpose of giving university laboratory directors freedom to develop and apply their resources to basic research problems of naval relevance, whi...

T. G. Muir E. C. Hackert

1995-01-01

119

CELSS research and development program  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Research in Controlled Ecological Life Support Systems (CELSS) conducted by NASA indicate that plant based systems are feasible candidates for human support in space. Ames has responsibility for research and development, systems integration and control, and space flight experiment portions of the CELSS program. Important areas for development of new methods and technologies are biomass production, waste processing, water purification, air revitalization, and food processing. For the plant system, the approach was to identify the flexibility and response time for the food, water, and oxygen production, and carbon dioxide consumption processes. Tremendous increases in productivity, compared with terrestrial agriculture, were realized. Waste processing research emphasizes recycle (transformation) of human wastes, trash, and inedible biomass to forms usable as inputs to the plant production system. Efforts to improve efficiency of the plant system, select new CELSS crops for a balanced diet, and initiate closed system research with the Crop Growth Research Chambers continue. The System Control and Integration program goal is to insure orchestrated system operation of the biological, physical, and chemical operation of the biological, physical, and chemical component processors of the CELSS. Space flight studies are planned to verify adequate operation of the system in reduced gravity or microgravity environments.

Bubenheim, David

1990-01-01

120

International Research Fellowship Program (IRFP)  

NSF Publications Database

Full Proposal Preparation Instructions: This solicitation contains information that deviates from the standard Grant Proposal Guide (GPG) proposal preparation guidelines. International Research Fellowship Program (IRFP) Application must be submitted electronically using Proposal Preparation on the NSF FastLane website. More comprehensive information on NSF Award Conditions is contained in the NSF Grant Policy Manual (GPM) Chapter II, available electronically on the NSF Website at http://www....

121

International Research Fellowship Program (IRFP)  

NSF Publications Database

Full Proposal Preparation Instructions: This solicitation contains information that deviates from the standard Grant Proposal Guide (GPG) proposal preparation guidelines. More comprehensive information on NSF Award Conditions is contained in the NSF Grant Policy Manual (GPM) Chapter II, available electronically on the NSF Website at http://www.nsf.gov/publications/pub_summ.jsp?ods_key=gpm. General descriptions of NSF programs, research areas, and eligibility information for proposal ...

122

NASA's Microgravity Science Research Program  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The ongoing challenge faced by NASA's Microgravity Science Research Program is to work with the scientific and engineering communities to secure the maximum return from our Nation's investments by: assuring that the best possible science emerges from the science community for microgravity investigations; ensuring the maximum scientific return from each investigation in the most timely and cost-effective manner; and enhancing the distribution of data and applications of results acquired through completed investigations to maximize their benefits.

1996-01-01

123

Children and fighting forces: 10 years on from Cape Town.  

PubMed

It is 10 years since the adoption of the Cape Town Principles and Best Practices on the Prevention of Recruitment of Children into the Armed Forces and on Demobilization and Social Reintegration of Child Soldiers in Africa. The field of programming for the reintegration of children associated with armed forces and armed groups has made significant strides in this period. However, important gaps in the knowledge base remain. This paper examines empirical evidence that supports lessons learned from work with children formerly connected with fighting forces. It evaluates what is known, where promising practice exists, and lacunae in five programming areas: psychosocial support and care; community acceptance; education, training and livelihoods; inclusive programming for all war-affected children; and follow-up and monitoring. While the 2007 Paris Commitments to Protect Children from Unlawful Recruitment or Use by Armed Forces or Groups mark an emerging consensus on many issues, there is still a critical need for more systematic studies to develop the evidence base supporting intervention in this area. PMID:19500326

Stark, Lindsay; Boothby, Neil; Ager, Alastair

2009-10-01

124

Pelagic Fisheries Research Program (PFRP)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Established in 1992, after an amendment expanded the Magnuson Fishery Conservation and Management Act (1976) to include "highly migratory fish," the Pelagic Fisheries Research Program (PFRP) was created "to provide scientific information on pelagic fisheries ... for use in development of fisheries management policies." Based at the University of Hawaii at Manoa, PFRP researches fish that live in "the near-surface waters of the ocean often far from shore," such as tuna, billfish, dolphinfish, and wahoo. The site summarizes research in biology, oceanography, statistics and modeling, genetics, economics, and socio-cultural factors. Visitors interested in learning more may want to refer to the bibliography of PFRP Project Publications and Manuscripts, a few of which are available for download in [.pdf] format. Recent slides from Hawaiian fisheries and a collection of links round out the site.

1998-01-01

125

Research-tested Intervention Programs: Program Ratings  

Cancer.gov

Dissemination Capability The readiness of program materials for use by others as well program's capability to offer services/resources to facilitate dissemination. This is measured through (a) the quality of implementation materials; (b) training and

126

US Global Change Research Program  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Since its inception, USGCRP-supported research and observational activities, in collaboration with several other national and international science programs, have documented and characterized important aspects of the sources, abundances, and lifetimes of greenhouse gases; mounted extensive space-based systems for global monitoring of climate and ecosystem parameters; begun to address the complex issues of various aerosol species that may significantly influence climate parameters; advanced understanding of the global water and carbon cycles; and taken major strides in computer modeling of the global climate. Target Audience: Post-Graduate Students, 2-4 Year College Students, 9-12, Middle School

2009-12-03

127

Program of Research on the Management of Research and Development.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Contents: Characteristics of Northwestern's program of research on the management of research and development; Personnel associated with program - September 1965-September 1966; Code for availability of publications, reports, and working papers; Descripti...

A. H. Rubenstein

1966-01-01

128

Monterey Terrorism Research & Education Program  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Based at the Monterey Institute of International Studies, the Monterey Terrorism Research & Education Program (MonTREP) "conducts in-depth research, assesses policy options, and engages in public education on issues relating to terrorism and international security." Their team of scholars looks at violence-prone extremist groups and their historical evolution, organization structure, and operational methods. Most people will want to look at their Islam, Islamism, and Politics in Eurasia Reports (IIPER). The IIPER is a bimonthly compendium of news and analysis on politics involving Islam in the former Soviet Union. The reports are written and edited by Dr. Gordon M. Hahn, and the series also accepts independent submissions as well. Visitors are welcome to browse through the reports here, and they may end up forwarding them to friends and associates. Finally, the site also includes a "News & Student Stories" area which reports on the activities of current members of the team, alumni, and students.

129

Overview of the NMSEA applied research program  

SciTech Connect

Recently the NMSEA has seen the need to augment its other informational programs with a program of in-house applied research. The reasoning behind this move is presented here along with and accounting of past research activities.

Stickney, B.; Wilson, A.

1980-01-01

130

Status of DSMT research program  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The status of the Dynamic Scale Model Technology (DSMT) research program is presented. DSMT is developing scale model technology for large space structures as part of the Control Structure Interaction (CSI) program at NASA Langley Research Center (LaRC). Under DSMT a hybrid-scale structural dynamics model of Space Station Freedom was developed. Space Station Freedom was selected as the focus structure for DSMT since the station represents the first opportunity to obtain flight data on a complex, three-dimensional space structure. Included is an overview of DSMT including the development of the space station scale model and the resulting hardware. Scaling technology was developed for this model to achieve a ground test article which existing test facilities can accommodate while employing realistically scaled hardware. The model was designed and fabricated by the Lockheed Missile and Space Co., and is assembled at LaRc for dynamic testing. Also, results from ground tests and analyses of the various model components are presented along with plans for future subassembly and matted model tests. Finally, utilization of the scale model for enhancing analysis verification of the full-scale space station is also considered.

Mcgowan, Paul E.; Javeed, Mehzad; Edighoffer, Harold H.

1991-01-01

131

Simulation and design of microsystems: a 10-year perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

10 years ago, the concept of special CAD systems for microsensors and microactuators was proposed at Transducers '87. We now look back over this 10-year period, and examine major trends and accomplishments. Modeling at the system level has grown dramatically, and major advances have been made in the design and simulation of electrostatic actuators and in coupled fluid\\/structure modeling. Of

Stephen D. Senturia

1998-01-01

132

Tektite 2 habitability research program  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Multi-level parameters relating to perceived life quality in an isolated research and residence quarters were measured using a variety of tests. The habitat under study, emplaced beneath the sea off the coast of St. John's Island as a part of the Tektite II program, was being used for marine research. The crew for each of the 10 missions consisted of one engineer and 4 scientists. One mission had an all-female crew. Mission length was either 14 or 20 days, and 4 engineers, in covering 6 missions, stayed in the habitat for periods of 30 days each. A personality test was taken before confinement in the habitat. Two attitude tests were filled out by the aquanauts while they were still in the habitat. Daily moods were monitored during all missions. Special observations were made of leisure time use. Standardized private debriefings were administered at the end of each mission to each aquanaut. Other behavioral observations made by another research team were intercorrelated with the other measures described above.

Nowlis, D. P.; Wortz, E. C.; Watters, H.

1972-01-01

133

METEONETWORK: 2002-2012, 10 years of activities  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The role of citizen-scientists in collecting data and observations has been increasingly crucial in the last 10 years of atmospheric sciences. Meteonetwork is a non-profit organization founded by citizen scientists in 2002, in Lombardia, with the aim of raising public awareness about meteorological and climatological issues. Throughout the years the organization, besides the continuous holding of events such as meeting, conferences and talks, has been standing out because of its forum and its wide network of weather stations. Meteonetwork's forum is, in this field, the most read and followed in the country and with its 8459 members and over 4,217,505 posts turns out to be the 17th forum over the entire country. Its network is operated in cooperation with Centro Epson Meteo and collects amateur semi-professional stations distributed all over the Italian territory, providing real-time and daily data. It consists of 706 stations, among which more than 400 regularly updated; volunteers constantly work to perform quality control and ensure data reliability. Meteonetwork has also developed several collaborations with private and public institutions, among which DRIHM - Cima Research Foundation, Centro Epson Meteo di Milano, Arpa Veneto, Arpa Emilia-Romagna, Arpa Lombardia, Arpa Friuli - Venezia Giulia, Servizio Glaciologico Lombardo, C. N. R. - C. I. S. A, Università di Pisa, Università di Milano, University of Aberdeen, Protezione Civile - Regione Lombardia, Protezione Civile - Regione Piemonte stand out. As WMO emphasized in 2001 World Meteorological Day "Volunteers for the weather, climate and water" the contribution of citizen-scientists to scientific studies is remarkable. In this perspective Meteonetwork and the University of Milan, in April 2011, started a project of technical and scientific cooperation called Weatherness. The university is provided with data gathered by Meteoneonetwork's stations with the aim of improving the knowledge of the impact that heat waves and cold advections have on human health. Following the encouraging results of the "Weatherness" project the organization decided to invest even greater resources into such cooperations and during the summer 2012 started a fruitful collaboration with the DRIHM project. The data collected by its network of weather stations will be transferred to the DRIHM platform where will be used in the context of hydro-meteorological research. High-end model simulations will be performed with the aim of investigating the dynamics involved in hydro-meteorology. Several different projects are still underway but the results obtained in these 10 years of hard work encourage us to pursue our activity and look for new challenges and opportunities.

Mazza, Edoardo

2013-04-01

134

Human Research Program Exploration Medical Capability  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

NASA s Human Research Program (HRP) conducts and coordinates research projects that provide human health and performance countermeasures, knowledge, technologies, and tools to enable safe, reliable, and productive human space exploration. The Program is divided into 6 major elements, which a) Provide the Program s knowledge and capabilities to conduct research, addressing the human health and performance risks. b) Advance the readiness levels of technology and countermeasures to the point of transfer to the customer programs and organizations. The National Space Biomedical Research Institute (NSBRI) is a partner with the HRP in developing a successful research program. 3

Barsten, Kristina

2010-01-01

135

How To Create an Independent Research Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide explains how to establish a research program within a school and how to get students involved in independent research projects and national research competitions. Chapter 1, "Selling the Program," examines benefits to the community, school, teachers, and students. Chapter 2, "Assessing Your Situation," discusses how independent research

Krieger, Melanie Jacobs

136

SUPRI heavy oil research program  

SciTech Connect

The 14th Annual Report of the SUPRI Heavy Oil Research Program includes discussion of the following topics: (1) A Study of End Effects in Displacement Experiments; (2) Cat Scan Status Report; (3) Modifying In-situ Combustion with Metallic Additives; (4) Kinetics of Combustion; (5) Study of Residual Oil Saturation for Steam Injection and Fuel Concentration for In-Situ Combustion; (6) Analysis of Transient Foam Flow in 1-D Porous Media with Computed Tomography; (7) Steam-Foam Studies in the Presence of Residual Oil; (8) Microvisualization of Foam Flow in a Porous Medium; (9) Three- Dimensional Laboratory Steam Injection Model; (10) Saturation Evaluation Following Water Flooding; (11) Numerical Simulation of Well-to-Well Tracer Flow Test with Nonunity Mobility Ratio.

Aziz, K.; Ramey, H.J. Jr.; Castanier, L.M.

1991-12-01

137

Air Research Program: Near Roadway Research Track  

EPA Science Inventory

The near roadway research track uses animal and human studies to better understand the associations between roadway proximity and adverse cardiopulmonary and neurological effects. This research will yield animal and human toxicity data in parallel with exposure assessment efforts...

138

Weather Research Program Annual Report: FY 1984.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Weather Research Program (WRP) conducts research to increase the understanding and improve the prediction of mesoscale weather systems. The research emphasis is on the genesis, evolution, and structure of convectively driven systems; the scale of inte...

1985-01-01

139

Summer Undergraduate Research Program: Environmental studies.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The purpose of the summer undergraduate internship program for research in environmental studies is to provide an opportunity for well-qualified students to undertake an original research project as an apprentice to an active research scientist in basic e...

J. McMillan

1994-01-01

140

ADVANCED GAS TURBINE SYSTEMS RESEARCH PROGRAM  

SciTech Connect

The quarterly activities of the Advanced Gas Turbine Systems Research (AGTSR) program are described in this quarterly report. As this program administers research, we have included all program activity herein within the past quarter as dated. More specific research progress reports are provided weekly at the request of the AGTSR COR and are being sent to NETL As for the administration of this program, items worthy of note are presented in extended bullet format following the appropriate heading.

Lawrence P. Golan

2004-04-01

141

ADVANCED GAS TURBINE SYSTEMS RESEARCH PROGRAM  

SciTech Connect

The quarterly activities of the Advanced Gas Turbine Systems Research (AGTSR) program are described in this quarterly report. As this program administers research, we have included all program activity herein within the past quarter as dated. More specific research progress reports are provided weekly at the request of the AGTSR COR and are being sent to NETL As for the administration of this program, items worthy of note are presented in extended bullet format following the appropriate heading.

Lawrence P. Golan

2002-07-01

142

ADVANCED GAS TURBINE SYSTEMS RESEARCH PROGRAM  

SciTech Connect

The quarterly activities of the Advanced Gas Turbine Systems Research (AGTSR) program are described in this quarterly report. As this program administers research, we have included all program activity herein within the past quarter as dated. More specific research progress reports are provided weekly at the request of the AGTSR COR and are being sent to NETL. As for the administration of this program, items worthy of note are presented in extended bullet format following the appropriate heading.

Lawrence P. Golan

2001-07-01

143

Global Biology Research Program: Program plan  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Biological processes which play a dominant role in these cycles which transform and transfer much of this material throughout the biosphere are examined. A greater understanding of planetary biological processes as revealed by the interaction of the biota and the environment. The rationale, scope, research strategy, and research priorities of the global biology is presented.

1983-01-01

144

Changes in Student Misconduct and Institutional Response over 10 Years.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses a longitudinal study of changes in student misconduct cases and institutional response over 10 years, comparing the results of 2 identical national surveys. Concludes far more alcohol-related cases are reported today than previously. (Author/ABL)

Dannells, Michael

1991-01-01

145

Research-tested Intervention Programs: Program Details  

Cancer.gov

The programs listed are provided for reference purposes only. They were current when produced, but are no longer maintained and may now be outdated. Persons with disabilities having difficulty accessing information on this page may contact us for assistance. Please select the RTIPs home page to access current information.

146

Research Funding | Radiation Research Program (RRP)  

Cancer.gov

Skip to Content Search this site Research Funding Main Grants.gov RRP Fiscal Year Grant Dollars Applying for an NIH Grant Information for New Grantees NCI Guide for Preparing P01 Applications Human Subjects Research Career Resources for New Investigators

147

EPA (ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY) RESEARCH PROGRAM GUIDE  

EPA Science Inventory

Annual extramural research program guide for the Office of Research and Development. This report provides information on work being done in each part of ORD, research which EPA is planning for FY 1984, and how much the authors intend to spend on each program area. Some of the are...

148

USEPA ORD Aging Water Infrastructure Research Program  

EPA Science Inventory

This presentation describes research that is being conducted under the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency?s Aging Water Infrastructure (AWI) Research Program, which will help U.S. water infrastructure to be more effectively and sustainably managed. The AWI research program see...

149

The USAF Electric Propulsion Research Program  

Microsoft Academic Search

To provide enhanced satellite maneuvering capability at reduced cost, the United States Air Force (USAF) has developed a coordinated research program within the Air Force Office of Scientific Research (AFOSR), the Air Force Research Laboratory (AFRL), and the AFOSR European Office of Aerospace Research and Development (EOARD). Research direction for these efforts comes primarily from Air Force Space Command (AFSPC)

Gregory G. Spanjers; Mitat Birkan; Timothy J. Lawrence

2000-01-01

150

EPA's global climate change research program  

Microsoft Academic Search

The ORD research plan has several goals: Establish a rationale for EPA's research and assessment program; Develop a strategy for research; Set goals and objectives for the research effort; Outline the necessary project areas; Develop the institutional basis for coordination with national and international research communities; Develop the internal management structure along lines recommended by senior EPA management. To elaborate

Janetos

1988-01-01

151

NASA/OAI Research Associates program  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The intent of this activity was the development of a cooperative program between the Ohio Aerospace Institute and the NASA Lewis Research Center with the objective of better preparing recent university graduates for careers in government aerospace research laboratories. The selected individuals were given the title of research associate. To accomplish the aims of this effort: (1) the research associates were introduced to the NASA Lewis Research Center and its mission/programs, (2) the research associates directly participated in NASA research and development programs, and (3) the research associates were given continuing educational opportunities in specialized areas. A number of individuals participated in this project during the discourse of this cooperative agreement. Attached are the research summaries of eight of the research associates. These reports give a very good picture of the research activities that were conducted by the associates.

Keith, Theo G., Jr.

1994-01-01

152

Research Programs of the Institute of Nuclear Energy Research.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The research programs sponsored by the Institute of Nuclear Energy Research, Republic of China, are described in this publication. The mission of the Institute is to promote the national nuclear industry by successfully transferring technology to local in...

1981-01-01

153

Air Research Program: Susceptibility Research Track  

EPA Science Inventory

The susceptibility research track is focused on susceptibility due to life stage, disease state, and genetics. For each aspect, wherever possible an integrative cross-disciplinary approach is used that combines in vitro mechanistic studies with animal models and human clinical an...

154

Air Research Program: Key Pathways research track  

EPA Science Inventory

The pathways research track applies animal, cellular, and human studies to discern whether there is a common molecular mechanism (e.g. production of oxidative stress, phosphatase inhibition, disruption of iron homeostasis) through which air pollutants induce toxicity of air pollu...

155

NASA's new university engineering space research programs  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The objective of a newly emerging element of NASA's university engineering programs is to provide a more autonomous element that will enhance and broaden the capabilities in academia, enabling them to participate more effectively in the U.S. civil space program. The programs utilize technical monitors at NASA centers to foster collaborative arrangements, exchange of personnel, and the sharing of facilities between NASA and the universities. The elements include: the university advanced space design program, which funds advanced systems study courses at the senior and graduate levels; the university space engineering research program that supports cross-disciplinary research centers; the outreach flight experiments program that offers engineering research opportunities to universities; and the planned university investigator's research program to provide grants to individuals with outstanding credentials.

Sadin, Stanley R.

1988-01-01

156

A Program in Polymer Education and Research.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses educational offerings in polymers within the Chemical Engineering Department at Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, including research programs, undergraduate and graduate courses offered, and sources of support for research projects. (Author/JN)

Baird, Donald G.; Wilkes, Garth L.

1982-01-01

157

Sonic boom research. [computer program  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A computer program for CDC 6600 is developed for the nonlinear sonic boom analysis including the asymmetric effect of lift near the vertical plane of symmetry. The program is written in FORTRAN 4 language. This program carries out the numerical integration of the nonlinear governing equations from the input data at a finite distance from the airplane configuration at a flight altitude to yield the pressure signitude at ground. The required input data and the format for the output are described. A complete program listing and a sample calculation are given.

Zakkay, V.; Ting, L.

1976-01-01

158

Psychiatric Aspects of Child and Adolescent Obesity: A Review of the Past 10 Years  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: To review the past 10 years of published research on psychiatric aspects of child and adolescent obesity and highlight information mental health professionals need for preventing obesity in youths and diagnosing and treating it. Method: Researchers performed computerized and manual searches of the literature and summarized the most…

Zametkin, Alan J.; Zoon, Christine K.; Klein, Hannah W.; Munson, Suzanne

2004-01-01

159

Research Funding | Radiation Research Program (RRP)  

Cancer.gov

The primary responsibility of RRP is to the grantees and contractors of NCI and NIH awards. In 2010, RRP administered 193 awarded grants, primarily through the Radiotherapy Development Branch. A breakdown of these awards is presented under the RRP Fiscal Year Grant Dollars tab on the left. The remaining sections provide links to useful grant-related information including general guidelines and tutorials for grantees from NCI and other NIH institutes (under applying for an NIH grant), application forms and human subjects research guidelines.

160

Whole Body Response Research Program.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The objective of the program was to generate data on the kinematics and response of human surrogates in a realistic automobile impact environment. The program used a test configuration consisting of an idealized hard seat representation of a car seat with...

N. M. Alem J. W. Melvin B. M. Bowman J. B. Benson

1978-01-01

161

The USAF Electronic Propulsion Research Program  

Microsoft Academic Search

All overview of current electric propulsion research and development efforts within the United States Air Force is presented. The Air Force supports electric propulsion primarily through the Air Force Office of Scientific Research (AFOSR), the Air Force Research Laboratory (AFRL) and the AFOSR european Office of Aerospace Research and Development (BOARD). Overall direction for the programs comes from Air Force

Ronald A. Spores; Mitat Birkan

2002-01-01

162

Summer Student Breast Cancer Research Training Program.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The purpose of the breast cancer research training program is to recruit and train potential future researchers in breast cancer research. From a total of 90 applications for summer research, we selected a total of five students. During the 12 week progra...

G. P. Zaloga

2005-01-01

163

EPA CLEAN PRODUCTS RESEARCH PROGRAM  

EPA Science Inventory

The recent emphasis on developing information on achieving pollution prevention has resulted in increased research activity by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) in the area of clean product development. urrently the EPA's Pollution Prevention Research Branch (PPRB) has si...

164

Review of defense display research programs  

Microsoft Academic Search

Display research has comprised a substantial portion of the defense investment in new technology for national security for the past 13 years. These investments have been made by the separate service departments and, especially, via several Defense Research Projects Agency (DARPA) programs, known collectively as the High Definition Systems (HDS) Program (which ended in 2001) and via the Office of

Robert W. Tulis; Darrel G. Hopper; David C. Morton; Ranganathan Shashidhar

2001-01-01

165

ANNUAL CATALYST RESEARCH PROGRAM REPORT (3RD)  

EPA Science Inventory

This report constitutes the Third Annual Report of the ORD Catalyst Research Program required by the Administrator as noted in his testimony before the Senate Public Works Committee on November 6, 1973. It includes all research aspects of this broad multi-disciplinary program inc...

166

Commercial nuclear waste research and development program  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Westinghouse Advanced Energy Systems Division Nevada Operations, under contract to the US Department of Energy, provides trained personnel and services at the E-MAD Facility required for nuclear materials handling, packaging, data gathering, and other related activities in support of the Commercial Nuclear Waste Research and Development Programs. Support is provided to research programs, including: Waste packaging experiments, spent fuel

A. R. Hakl

1982-01-01

167

The NASA hypersonic research engine program  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

An overview is provided of the NASA Hypersonic Research Engine Program. The engine concept is described which was evolved, and the accomplishments of the program are summarized. The program was undertaken as an in-depth program of hypersonic airbreathing propulsion research to provide essential inputs to future prototype engine development and decision making. An airbreathing liquid hydrogen fueled research oriented scramjet was to be developed to certain performance goals. The work was many faceted, required aerodynamic design evaluation, structures development, and development of flight systems such as the fuel and control system, but the main objective was the study of the internal aerothermodynamics of the propulsion system.

Rubert, Kennedy F.; Lopez, Henry J.

1992-01-01

168

A Research Program in Flight Sciences  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Since its inception in January 2003, thc program has provided support for 1 faculty and a total of 7 Graduate Research Scholar Assistants, of these all 7 have completed their MS degree program. The program has generated 5 MS thesis and 2 MS project reports. Attachment: Appendix A, B, C, and D.

Whitesides, John L.; Waggoner, Edgar G. (Technical Monitor)

2005-01-01

169

Missouri's Teacher Career Ladder Program. Research Brief  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although Missouri has had a career ladder program for teachers since 1987, there has been little research examining the program's effects. This paper examines the program's effect on student achievement using longitudinal data on district math and reading scores for 524 Missouri school districts over a nine-year period. Our primary specification…

Booker, Kevin; Glazerman, Steven

2008-01-01

170

Evaluating the BK 21 Program. Research Brief  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Brain Korea 21 program (BK21), an effort to improve Korean universities and research, has attracted a great deal of attention in Korea, producing the need to understand how well the program is meeting its goals. RAND developed a logic model for identifying program goals and dynamics, suggested quantitative and qualitative evaluation methods,…

Seong, Somi; Popper, Steven W.; Goldman, Charles A.; Evans, David K.; Grammich, Clifford A.

2008-01-01

171

Clinical outcome 10 years after infant heart transplantation  

Microsoft Academic Search

The feasibility of heart transplantation for infants has now been established. Clinical outcome data is necessary to assist in targeting areas for improvement and for counseling families considering this option. This report describes clinical outcome in 29 infant heart transplant recipients who have survived at least 10 years. A query of the transplant database, referring physicians and parental questionnaire was

Richard E. Chinnock; Drew Cutler; Marti Baum

2000-01-01

172

10 Years of Media Literacy Education in K-12 Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

When the author started working with teachers and students on classroom multimedia productions a little over 10 years ago, he had not yet encountered the term "media literacy", nor did he realize he had joined a long standing international movement of media literacy educators. Serendipitous exposure to "old-media" texts by Neil Postman and Noam…

Daunic, Rhys

2011-01-01

173

Highlights of 10-Year Remote Sensing Industry Analysis  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A background and highlights of a 10 year remote sensing industry analysis are provided.Included are the following:Training, educational analysis, staff levels, and end-users analysis, market drivers, market segments,application areas, spatial resolution needs, use of image types.

Rabin, Ron

2002-01-01

174

10-year evapotranspiration estimates in a Bornean tropical rainforest  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study was undertaken to quantify 10-year evapotranspiration (ET) in a tropical rainforest, Sarawak, Malaysia. To this aim, a simplified big-leaf model was formulated, which can consider transpiration (Et) and rainfall interception (Ei). The model was independently validated using eddy covariance fluxes, rainfall interception based on throughfall and stemflow measurements, and sap flow measurements conducted for more than two years.

T. Kume; N. Tanaka; H. Komatsu; N. Yoshifuji; T. M. Saitoh; M. Suzuki; T. Kumagai

2010-01-01

175

Assessing Mastery Motivation in 7- and 10-Year Olds.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the reliability and construct validity of two types of measures of mastery motivation for elementary school children: a new version of the Dimensions of Mastery Questionnaires (DMQ) and behavioral mastery tasks. Participating were 64 mostly middle class and Caucasian 7- and 10-year-olds living in a middle-sized western city.…

Morgan, George A.; Bartholomew, Sheridan

176

CAREER CHOICE FACTORS FOR BSW STUDENTS: A 10YEAR PERSPECTIVE  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article examines the major factors involved in choosing to enter social work for 746 undergraduate students studied over a 10-year period. Its findings suggest that, although altruism remains the touchstone for their choice, students are motivated by both service to others and job self-interest. The findings also indicate that the dimensions of motivation for choosing social work have not

James G. Hanson; James G. McCullagh

1995-01-01

177

Career Choice Factors for BSW Students: A 10-Year Perspective.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A 10-year study of the major career choice factors of social work undergraduates (n=746) found that, although altruism remains important, students are motivated by both service to others and job self-interest. Dimensions of motivation for choosing social work have not changed significantly over this period. (Author/MSE)

Hanson, James G.; McCullagh, James G.

1995-01-01

178

Headshaking in a 10-year-old Thoroughbred mare.  

PubMed

A 10-year-old Thoroughbred mare was presented with a 2.5-week history of headshaking. Based on a thorough physical examination, blood analysis, and a fine needle aspirate of an enlarged thyroid gland, a tentative diagnosis of seasonal idiopathic headshaking was made. Treatment with cyproheptadine was attempted. PMID:15025153

Bell, Angela J M

2004-02-01

179

Headshaking in a 10-year-old Thoroughbred mare  

PubMed Central

Abstract A 10-year-old Thoroughbred mare was presented with a 2.5-week history of headshaking. Based on a thorough physical examination, blood analysis, and a fine needle aspirate of an enlarged thyroid gland, a tentative diagnosis of seasonal idiopathic headshaking was made. Treatment with cyproheptadine was attempted.

2004-01-01

180

Extreme Programming in a Research Environment  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This article explores the applicability of Extreme Programming in a scientific research context. The cultural environment at a government research center differs from the customer-centric business view. The chief theoretical difficulty lies in defining the customer to developer relationship. Specifically, can Extreme Programming be utilized when the developer and customer are the same person? Eight of Extreme Programming's 12 practices are perceived to be incompatible with the existing research culture. Further, six of the nine 'environments that I know don't do well with XP' apply. A pilot project explores the use of Extreme Programming in scientific research. The applicability issues are addressed and it is concluded that Extreme Programming can function successfully in situations for which it appears to be ill-suited. A strong discipline for mentally separating the customer and developer roles is found to be key for applying Extreme Programming in a field that lacks a clear distinction between the customer and the developer.

Wood, William A.; Kleb, William L.

2002-01-01

181

Offending Behaviours of Child and Adolescent Firesetters over a 10-Year Follow-Up  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: To assess the postintervention arson recidivism and other offending rates of a group of 182 firesetting children and adolescents referred to the New Zealand Fire Awareness and Intervention Program (FAIP) over a follow-up period of 10 years. To investigate predictors of offending behaviour as well as variables associated with previous…

Lambie, Ian; Ioane, Julia; Randell, Isabel; Seymour, Fred

2013-01-01

182

The NASA Space Radiation Research Program  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

We present a comprehensive overview of the NASA Space Radiation Research Program. This program combines basic research on the mechanisms of radiobiological action relevant for improving knowledge of the risks of cancer, central nervous system and other possible degenerative tissue effects, and acute radiation syndromes from space radiation. The keystones of the NASA Program are five NASA Specialized Center's of Research (NSCOR) investigating space radiation risks. Other research is carried out through peer-reviewed individual investigations and in collaboration with the US Department of Energies Low-Dose Research Program. The Space Radiation Research Program has established the Risk Assessment Project to integrate data from the NSCOR s and other peer-reviewed research into quantitative projection models with the goals of steering research into data and scientific breakthroughs that will reduce the uncertainties in current risk projections and developing the scientific knowledge needed for future individual risk assessment approaches and biological countermeasure assessments or design. The NASA Space Radiation Laboratory (NSRL) at Brookhaven National Laboratory was created by the Program to simulate space radiation on the ground in support of the above research programs. New results from NSRL will be described.

Cucinotta, Francis A.

2006-01-01

183

Violence Prevention Research Project Program.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This program, through a series of closely related projects stemming from work now being conducted by the group, seeks to enhance the effectiveness of violence prevention efforts mounted by national, state and local communities through the public policy pr...

G. J. Wintemute

1998-01-01

184

Information for Polar Programs Postdoctoral Research Fellows  

NSF Publications Database

Information for Polar Programs Postdoctoral Research Fellows National Science Foundation Office of Polar Programs Revised July 6, 2005 2 IMPORTANT This booklet outlines the terms and conditions of your National Science Foundation Polar Programs Postdoctoral Research Fellowship and provides general information for use during your tenure. Fellowship tenure starts on the date a Fellow begins Fellowship activities and terminates on the date Fellowship activities are completed at the Fellowship ...

185

About RRP | Radiation Research Program (RRP)  

Cancer.gov

The MRTB is an RRP in-house laboratory program that serves as a focal point for collaborations with the Developmental Therapeutics Program (DTP) and Cancer Therapy Evaluation Program (CTEP) in DCTD, investigators in the Radiation Biology and Radiation Oncology Branches in the Center for Cancer Research (CCR), and university and industry collaborators specifically addressing research and development needs in combined modality therapy using radiation.

186

Committee on Radiation Epidemiological Research Programs  

SciTech Connect

The Committee on DoE Radiation Epidemiological Research Programs was originally established in response to the needs of the Office of Health and Envirorunental Research, Office of Energy Research in the Department of Energy (DoE). Following a reorganization of DoE health related programs in 1990, the committee now advises the Office of Epidemiology and Health Surveillance which is under the Assistant Secretary for Environment, Safety and Health. These administrative changes have not altered the committee concerns but have served to focus the committee's attention on helping DoE plan for an effective system of worker health surveillance as well as an epidemiologic research program.

Mahlum, D.D.

1992-06-01

187

University of Tennessee: Hydrogeology Research Program  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The hydrogeology research program at the University of Tennessee developed this website to promote its investigation related primarily to groundwater flow and contaminant transport. After reading an overview of the program and its facilities, visitors can discover the endeavors and successes of the numerous researchers. Users can find information and publications discussing the three featured research projects: Chattanooga Creek, Pathogen Transport, and Saprolite Pore Structure; as well as materials on other recent projects. Students can discover the program's three excellent field teaching sites and research opportunities.

188

Lewis' Educational and Research Collaborative Internship Program  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Lewis Educational and Research Collaborative Internship Program (LERCIP) is a collaborative undertaking by the Office of Educational Programs at NASA Glenn Research Center at Lewis Field (formerly NASA Lewis Research Center) and the Ohio Aerospace Institute. This program provides 10-week internships in addition to summer and winter extensions if funding is available and/or is requested by mentor (no less than 1 week no more than 4 weeks) for undergraduate/graduate students and secondary school teachers. Students who meet the travel reimbursement criteria receive up to $500 for travel expenses. Approximately 178 interns are selected to participate in this program each year and begin arriving the fourth week in May. The internships provide students with introductory professional experiences to complement their academic programs. The interns are given assignments on research and development projects under the personal guidance of NASA professional staff members. Each intern is assigned a NASA mentor who facilitates a research assignment. In addition to the research assignment, the summer program includes a strong educational component that enhances the professional stature of the participants. The educational activities include a research symposium and a variety of workshops, and lectures. An important aspect of the program is that it includes students with diverse social, cultural and economic backgrounds. The purpose of this report is to document the program accomplishments for 2004.

Heyward, Ann; Gott, Susan (Technical Monitor)

2004-01-01

189

Environmental research program: FY 1987, annual report  

SciTech Connect

This multidisciplinary research program includes fundamental and applied research in physics, chemistry, engineering, and biology, as well as research on the development of advanced methods of measurement and analysis. The Program's Annual Report contains summaries of research performed during FY 1987 in the areas of atmospheric aerosols, flue gas chemistry, combustion, membrane bioenergetics, and analytical chemistry. The main research interests of the Atmospheric Aerosol Research group concern the chemical and physical processes that occur in haze, clouds, and fogs. For their studies, the group is developing novel analytical and research methods for characterizing aerosol species. Aerosol research is performed in the laboratory and in the field. Studies of smoke emissions from fires and their possible effects on climatic change, especially as related to nuclear winter, are an example of the collaboration between the Atmospheric Aerosol Research and Combustion Research Groups.

Not Available

1988-03-01

190

Research Update: ARTI Materials Compatibility and Lubricant Research (MCLR) program  

SciTech Connect

Since September 1991, the Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Technology Institute (ARTI) has been conducting materials compatibility and lubricants research on chlorfluorocarbons (CFC) and hydrochlorofluorocarbons (HCFC) refrigerant alternatives. During the first two years of this program, ARTI has subcontracted and managed sixteen research projects totaling over $4 million. This research has included materials compatibility tests, refrigerant-lubricant interaction studies, measurement of thermophysical properties, and development of accelerated test methods. This paper summarizes results to date and discusses plans for future research for the Materials Compatibility and Lubricants Research (MCLR) program.

Szymurski, S.R.

1993-10-01

191

SESC (Space Environment Services Center) satellite broadcasting 10-year plan  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Within 10 years Space Environment Services Center will have a fully operational satellite broadcast system, capable of delivering alerts, forecasts, indices, and data in real time, on a 24-hour basis, to the continental United States including parts of Hawaii, and some of Canada and Mexico. The rationale for a 10-year plan is as follows: (1) this broadcast system utilizes proven state-of-the-art technology; (2) there is tremendous potential for geographic expansion to other countries; (3) receipt and distribution of data are convenient and economical; (4) the speed of service is excellent; (5) the overall cost is reasonable; and (6) the format and type of data broadcast is flexible and can be changed to meet customer demands.

Carran, K. L.

1985-01-01

192

Integrated Carbon Cycle Research Program  

NSF Publications Database

... aspects of the global carbon cycle in support of the U.S. Carbon Cycle Science Plan. Studies of the ... of carbon cycle research. The original U.S. Carbon Cycle Science Plan focus on carbon dioxide has ...

193

Maryland controlled fusion research program  

SciTech Connect

In this paper, we summarize the technical progress in four major areas of tokamak research: (a) L/H transition and edge turbulence and transport; (b) active control of microturbulence and transport; (c) major disruptions; and (d) the sawtooth crash.

Griem, H.R.; Liu, C.S.

1992-01-01

194

Breast Cancer Research Training Program.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Objective: To draw together in a common environment doctoral students from different basic science disciplines and provide them with a strong multidisciplinary background in breast cancer research. Approach: (1) Provide future basic scientists (predoctora...

T. DasGupta

1997-01-01

195

Apparel Research Network (ARN) Program.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This Final Technical Report covers work accomplished for the Apparel Research Network (ARN) of the Defense Logistics Agency (DLA) in conformance with Delivery Order 0010 during the period 23 February 2000 to 31 January 2002 It specifically covers the anal...

2002-01-01

196

Practical outcomes, benefits of MIC research program  

SciTech Connect

In May 1986, a group of seven corrosion experts from several natural gas pipeline companies met in Houston with representatives of Gas Research Institute (GRI) and researchers in microbiologically influenced corrosion (MIC) to discuss what was known about the occurrence of MIC in natural gas industry facilities. They concluded that evidence was lacking. The gas industry members urged GRI to pursue a research program into MIC. It was decided that the initial investigations should be done at actual field sites by MIC research scientists utilizing approaches used in MIC research programs in other industries but working closely with gas industry corrosion scientists and engineers. The GRI MIC program is now almost 11 years old. Significant progress has been made in understanding MIC in gas industry facilities, and practical tools have been developed to better detect, mitigate, and prevent MIC. The paper briefly describes the program milestones.

Pope, D.H. [Bioindustrial Technologies, Inc., Georgetown, TX (United States); Lindsay, R.F. [Lone Star Gas Transmission Co., Dallas, TX (United States); Gamez, J. [Gas Research Inst., Chicago, IL (United States)

1997-03-01

197

Isolated tracheoesophageal fistula in a 10-year-old girl  

Microsoft Academic Search

Isolated tracheoesophageal fistula (H-TOF) is a rare type of tracheoesophageal anomaly and is in most cases diagnosed in the\\u000a neonatal period because of choking and cyanosis during feeding. Diagnosis may be delayed even until adulthood because of nonspecific\\u000a and sometimes intermittent symptoms, and because false-negative results of all diagnostic tools are not uncommon. We report\\u000a a 10-year-old child with H-TOF,

Iris De Schutter; Françoise Vermeulen; Elke De Wachter; Caroline Ernst; Anne Malfroot

2007-01-01

198

7 CFR 3406.17 - Program application materials-research.  

...false Program application materials-research. 3406.17 Section 3406.17 Agriculture...BUILDING GRANTS PROGRAM Preparation of a Research Proposal § 3406.17 Program application materials—research. Program application...

2014-01-01

199

Human Research Program Integrated Research Plan. Revision A January 2009  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Integrated Research Plan (IRP) describes the portfolio of Human Research Program (HRP) research and technology tasks. The IRP is the HRP strategic and tactical plan for research necessary to meet HRP requirements. The need to produce an IRP is established in HRP-47052, Human Research Program - Program Plan, and is under configuration management control of the Human Research Program Control Board (HRPCB). Crew health and performance is critical to successful human exploration beyond low Earth orbit. The Human Research Program (HRP) is essential to enabling extended periods of space exploration because it provides knowledge and tools to mitigate risks to human health and performance. Risks include physiological and behavioral effects from radiation and hypogravity environments, as well as unique challenges in medical support, human factors, and behavioral or psychological factors. The Human Research Program (HRP) delivers human health and performance countermeasures, knowledge, technologies and tools to enable safe, reliable, and productive human space exploration. Without HRP results, NASA will face unknown and unacceptable risks for mission success and post-mission crew health. This Integrated Research Plan (IRP) describes HRP s approach and research activities that are intended to address the needs of human space exploration and serve HRP customers and how they are integrated to provide a risk mitigation tool. The scope of the IRP is limited to the activities that can be conducted with the resources available to the HRP; it does not contain activities that would be performed if additional resources were available. The timescale of human space exploration is envisioned to take many decades. The IRP illustrates the program s research plan through the timescale of early lunar missions of extended duration.

2009-01-01

200

Avian response to bottomland hardwood reforestation: the first 10 years  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Bttomland hardwood forests were planted on agricultural fields in Mississippi and Louisiana using either predominantly Quercus species (oaks) or Populus deltoides (eastern cottonwood). We assessed avian colonization of these reforested sites between 2 and 10 years after planting. Rapid vertical growth of cottonwoods (circa 2 - 3 m / yr) resulted in sites with forest structure that supported greater species richness of breeding birds, increased Shannon diversity indices, and supported greater territory densities than on sites planted with slower-growing oak species. Grassland birds (Spiza americana [Dickcissel], and Sturnella magna [Eastern Meadowlark]) were indicative of species breeding on oak-dominated reforestation # 10 years old. Agelaius phoeniceus (Red-winged Blackbird) and Colinus virginianus (Northern Bobwhite) characterized cottonwood reforestation # 4 years old, whereas 14 species of shrub-scrub birds (e.g., Passerina cyanea [Indigo Bunting]) and early-successional forest birds (e.g., Vireo gilvus [Warbling Vireo]) typified cottonwood reforestation 5 to 9 years after planting. Rates of daily nest survival did not differ between reforestation strategies. Nest parasitism increased markedly in older cottonwood stands, but was overwhelmed by predation as a cause of nest failure. Based on Partners in Flight prioritization scores and territory densities, the value of cottonwood reforestation for avian conservation was significantly greater than that of oak reforestation during their first 10 years. Because of benefits conferred on breeding birds, we recommend reforestation of bottomland hardwoods include a high proportion of fast-growing, early successional species such as cottonwood.

Twedt, D.J.; Wilson, R.R.; Henne-Kerr, J.L.; Grosshuesch, D.A.

2002-01-01

201

The cemented custom femoral stem--a 10 year review.  

PubMed

We report a series of 706 patients (759 hip implants) with an average follow up of 10.5 years (range, 10-11 years) following total hip replacement (THR) using a cemented custom-made femoral stem and a cemented HDP acetabular component. The fate of every implant is known. One hundred and seventy-four patients (23%) were deceased at the time of their 10-year review all died with a functioning THR in situ. Four hundred and sixty-two patients (61%) were subsequently reviewed. One hundred and twenty three patients (16%) were assessed by telephone review, as they were too ill or unwilling to attend. Kaplan-Meier survival analysis (all components) demonstrated a median survival at 10 years of 96.05% or 95% Confidence Intervals (CI) for median survival of (94.41% to 97.22%). Revision surgery occurred in 30 cases (3.9%). Seventeen had full revisions (2.2%) and 13 (1.7%) socket revisions only. Twenty-one out of 30 revisions were for infection or dislocation. There were 2 cases (0.3%) of revision for aseptic loosening of the stem. The 10-year results of the custom femoral titanium stem are encouraging and compare well with other cemented systems. PMID:19197868

O'Brien, S; Wilson, R K; Hanratty, B M; Thompson, N W; Wallace, M E; Nixon, J R; Engela, D W; Orr, J F; Isaac, G H; Beverland, D E

2007-01-01

202

Environmental research program. 1992 annual report  

SciTech Connect

The objective of the Environmental Research Program is to contribute to the understanding of the formation, mitigation, transport, transformation, and ecological effects of energy-related pollutants on the environment. The program is multidisciplinary and includes fundamental and applied research in chemistry, physics, biology, engineering, and ecology. The program undertakes research and development in efficient and environmentally benign combustion, pollution abatement and destruction, and novel methods of detection and analysis of criteria and non-criteria pollutants. This diverse group investigates combustion, atmospheric processes, flue-gas chemistry, and ecological systems.

Not Available

1993-07-01

203

University Research Consortium annual review meeting program  

SciTech Connect

This brochure presents the program for the first annual review meeting of the University Research Consortium (URC) of the Idaho National Engineering Laboratory (INEL). INEL is a multiprogram laboratory with a distinctive role in applied engineering. It also conducts basic science research and development, and complex facility operations. The URC program consists of a portfolio of research projects funded by INEL and conducted at universities in the United States. In this program, summaries and participant lists for each project are presented as received from the principal investigators.

NONE

1996-07-01

204

Computational lexicology: a research program  

Microsoft Academic Search

Computational lexicology may be defined as the application of computers to the study of the lexicon. Taken in its broadest sense, it would be a multidisciplinary field involving the analysis of man-made dictionaries using computers to study their machine-readable text as well as a study of the computational linguistic content and organization of lexicons for use by natural-language processing programs.

Robert A. Amsler

1982-01-01

205

Research-tested Intervention Programs: About Program Scores  

Cancer.gov

About RTIPs Scores This site provides a consumer-reports-like list of programs that have been reviewed by a panel of topic experts in the field. Programs are rated on 3 criteria which include the following: research integrity, intervention impact, and

206

Is the Party Over? Cannabis and Juvenile Psychiatric Disorder: The Past 10 Years  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: To critically review cannabis research during the past 10 years in relation to rates of use, behavioral problems, and mental disorders in young people. Method: Studies published in English between 1994 and 2004 were identified through systematic searches of literature databases. The material was selectively reviewed focusing on child…

Rey, Joseph M.; Martin, Andres; Krabman, Peter

2004-01-01

207

Program of Research in Structures and Dynamics  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Structures and Dynamics Program was first initiated in 1972 with the following two major objectives: to provide a basic understanding and working knowledge of some key areas pertinent to structures, solid mechanics, and dynamics technology including computer aided design; and to provide a comprehensive educational and research program at the NASA Langley Research Center leading to advanced degrees in the structures and dynamics areas. During the operation of the program the research work was done in support of the activities of both the Structures and Dynamics Division and the Loads and Aeroelasticity Division. During the period of 1972 to 1986 the Program provided support for two full-time faculty members, one part-time faculty member, three postdoctoral fellows, one research engineer, eight programmers, and 28 graduate research assistants. The faculty and staff of the program have published 144 papers and reports, and made 70 presentations at national and international meetings, describing their research findings. In addition, they organized and helped in the organization of 10 workshops and national symposia in the structures and dynamics areas. The graduate research assistants and the students enrolled in the program have written 20 masters theses and 2 doctoral dissertations. The overall progress is summarized.

1988-01-01

208

Meteor research program, executive summary  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A framework statement is provided of three problems together with brief comments on advances made during the course of this research. The problems discussed are: (1) generic relationships among comets, asteroids, meteorites, and meteoroids; (2) meteor physics; and (3) meteoroid hazard and the spatial distribution of meteoroid material. A summary of results is included.

1972-01-01

209

Investigator Resources | Translational Research Program (TRP)  

Cancer.gov

AACR is the oldest and largest scientific organization in the world focused on every aspect of high-quality, innovative cancer research. Its reputation for scientific breadth and excellence attract the premier researchers in the field. The programs and services of AACR foster the exchange of knowledge and new ideas among scientists dedicated to cancer research, provide training opportunities for the next generation of cancer researchers, and increase public understanding of cancer.

210

Artillery Research Missile Launcher Development Program.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Artillery Research Missile Launcher design/development program demonstrates several of the tactically desirable features of a launcher evolved during the Multiple Artillery Rocket System (MARS) studies and Northrop-funded studies following them. North...

1972-01-01

211

The long-term ecological research program  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Major developments have emerged in the field of ecology as a result of taking a long-term approach to both basic and applied research [Strayer, 1986]. In recognition of both the advantages of long-term research programs and the historical difficulty of sustaining such research efforts, the National Science Foundation (NSF) instituted its Long-Term Ecological Research (LTER) Program in 1980 [Callahan, 1984]. The LTER Program has a number of important links with the geosciences and is likely to play a significant role in work on terrestrial, freshwater, and estuarine ecosystems within the International Geosphere-Biosphere Program (IBGP); it is thus a good time for us to begin communicating with geoscientists who are helping to shape IGBP.

Swanson, Frederick J.; Franklin, J. F.

212

Progeria Research Foundation Diagnostic Testing Program  

MedlinePLUS

... Diagnostic Testing The PRF Diagnostic Testing Program The Progeria Research Foundation, in association with a CLIA-approved ... test for children suspected of having Hutchinson-Gilford Progeria Syndrome (HGPS). After an intense scientific search, the ...

213

Long-Period Seismological Research Program.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

During the first year of the subject contract, the purpose of the research program was twofold: (1) To maintain the previously installed high-gain seismograph stations at the following five stations: Charters Towers, Australia (CTA); Fairbanks, Alaska (FB...

J. M. Savino L. R. Sykes

1972-01-01

214

About TRP | Translational Research Program (TRP)  

Cancer.gov

Skip to Content Search this site About TRP Main Mission Personnel Organizational Chart Contact Us Last Updated: 11/08/13 Organizational Chart The Translational Research Program has the following internal structure: TRP Home | Text-onlyText and Graphics

215

The NASA program on upper atmospheric research  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The purpose of the NASA Upper Atmospheric Research Program is to develop a better understanding of the physical and chemical processes that occur in the earth's upper atmosphere with emphasis on the stratosphere.

1976-01-01

216

Medical Care and Patient Care Research Program.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report discusses a research program of related studies that described and evaluated needs, demands, utilizations, satisfaction, outcomes, and utilization of personal health services provided in hospitals, clinics, physician offices, and elsewhere. The...

K. L. White

1976-01-01

217

Research papers and publications (1981-1987): Workload research program  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

An annotated bibliography of the research reports written by participants in NASA's Workload Research Program since 1981 is presented, representing the results of theoretical and applied research conducted at Ames Research Center and at universities and industrial laboratories funded by the program. The major program elements included: 1) developing an understanding of the workload concept; 2) providing valid, reliable, and practical measures of workload; and 3) creating a computer model to predict workload. The goal is to provide workload-related design principles, measures, guidelines, and computational models. The research results are transferred to user groups by establishing close ties with manufacturers, civil and military operators of aerospace systems, and regulatory agencies; publishing scientific articles; participating in and sponsoring workshops and symposia; providing information, guidelines, and computer models; and contributing to the formulation of standards. In addition, the methods and theories developed have been applied to specific operational and design problems at the request of a number of industry and government agencies.

Hart, Sandra G. (compiler)

1987-01-01

218

The NASA aircraft icing research program  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The objective of the NASA aircraft icing research program is to develop and make available to industry icing technology to support the needs and requirements for all-weather aircraft designs. Research is being done for both fixed wing and rotary wing applications. The NASA program emphasizes technology development in two areas, advanced ice protection concepts and icing simulation. Reviewed here are the computer code development/validation, icing wind tunnel testing, and icing flight testing efforts.

Shaw, Robert J.; Reinmann, John J.

1990-01-01

219

GRI program for tight gas sands research  

SciTech Connect

GRI (Gas Research Institute) is proceeding with six projects for tight gas sands research, involving analyses for producing natural gas from tight blanket sands that are presently considered as non-commercial. The program plan is comprised of a sequence of projects relating to resource identification, formation evaluation, fluids and proppants investigations, fracture design, reservoir modeling, and staged field tests with technology transfer. This paper describes the philosophy, objective, and content of the GRI program plan. 1 ref.

O'Shea, P.A.; Murphy, W.O.

1982-01-01

220

Airframe Systems: Research and Technology Base Program  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The author argues that the aeronautics research and technology base has shifted from a discipline focus to a program focus. The program planning is progressing as Level I is complete and Level II plans are under development, while there is significant inter-center planning and coordination taking place. These programs are addressing problems that are important to the nation namely, "the three pillars to success" which are; access to space, global civil aviation and revolutionary technology leaps.

Whitlow, Woodrow, Jr.

1997-01-01

221

DCTD — Radiation Research Program (RRP)  

Cancer.gov

RRP promotes collaboration between imaging sciences and radiation oncology to develop objective determinations of tumor volumes. To facilitate this collaborative research, the American College of Radiology and the National Electrical Manufacturers Association (NEMA) have developed Digital Imaging and Communications in Medicine (DICOM), a standard that allows communication between medical image devices. Published by NEMA, the standard is entirely based on freely available software. NEMA recently released a 16-part update of the DICOM standard.

222

Office of Naval Research Graduate Fellowship Program.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Office of Naval Research awarded grant N00014-90-J-1778 to the American Society for Engineering Education in fiscal year 1990. Under the terms of the grant, ASEE administers ONR's Graduate Fellowship Program. The attached report describes the program ...

J. P. Jarosz

1994-01-01

223

Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Program (Video).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Program is a three-phase program in which small businesses submit proposals in response to an annual Department of Defense Solicitation. Within the Air Force, it's been very successful for both the small busin...

1992-01-01

224

Shuttle atmospheric lidar research program  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Shuttle atmospheric lidar program is discussed in relation to an understanding of the processes governing the Earth's atmosphere and in the capacity to evaluate the atmospheric susceptibility to manmade and natural perturbations. Applications of the lidar which are discussed are the determination of the global flow of water vapor and pollutants in the troposphere, improvement of chemical and transport models of the stratosphere and mesosphere, evaluation of radiative models of the atmosphere, investigation of chemistry and transport of thermospheric atomic species, and investigation of magnetospheric aspects of sun/weather relationships. The features of the lidar measurements discussed are the high spatial resolution, control of the source wavelength and intensity, and high measurement specificity.

1979-01-01

225

Andrology in China: current status and 10 years' progress  

PubMed Central

Andrology has a long history in traditional Chinese medicine. There are records of male sexual health, male sexual dysfunction and male infertility from over thousands of years ago. Modern andrology in China had a late start, with the Chinese Andrology Association founded in 1995. Within last decade, andrology in China has grown rapidly. In this review article, we summarized the progress of andrology in last 10 years and outlined the current status of Chinese andrology with a special focus on progress in male erectile dysfunction, prostate diseases, male infertility and male hormonal contraception.

Hong, Kai; Xu, Qing-Quan; Zhao, Yong-Ping; Gu, Yi-Qun; Jiang, Hui; Wang, Xiao-Feng; Zhu, Ji-Chuan

2011-01-01

226

Nonoperative management of peripancreatic arterial aneurysms. A 10-year experience.  

PubMed Central

The surgical approach to bleeding visceral artery aneurysms has a mortality rate of 16-50% that is dependent primarily on anatomic location and underlying cause. Nineteen patients were studied over a 10-year period who were definitively treated by embolization. There was a 79% success rate and no mortality. The cause of the aneurysms was pancreatitis in 13 patients, trauma in four patients, subacute bacterial endocarditis in one patient, and secondary to biliary tract surgery in one patient. Images Fig. 1. Fig. 2.

Mandel, S R; Jaques, P F; Sanofsky, S; Mauro, M A

1987-01-01

227

NASA Administrator Dan Goldin greets 10-year-old VIP.  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

NASA Administrator Dan Goldin (left) shares a laugh with VIP 10- year-old Jonathan Pierce (right), who is garbed in a protective cooling suit designed by NASA. Behind Goldin is astronaut Doug Wheelock; behind Jonathan is his mother, Penny. Jonathan suffers from erythropoietic protoporphyria, a rare condition that makes his body unable to withstand ultraviolet rays. The suit allows him to be outside during the day, which would otherwise be impossible. Jonathan's trip was funded by the Make-A-Wish Foundation and included a visit to Disney World. He and his family were among a dozen VIPs at KSC to view the launch of STS- 99.

2000-01-01

228

NASA Administrator Dan Goldin greets 10-year-old VIP.  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

NASA Administrator Dan Goldin (left) watches as 10-year-old Jonathan Pierce (right), who is garbed in a protective cooling suit designed by NASA, shakes hands with astronaut Dog Wheelock. Behind Jonathan is his mother, Penny. Jonathan suffers from erythropoietic protoporphyria, a rare condition that makes his body unable to withstand ultraviolet rays. The suit allows him to be outside during the day, which would otherwise be impossible. Jonathan's trip was funded by the Make-A-Wish Foundation and included a visit to Disney World. He and his family were among a dozen VIPs at KSC to view the launch of STS-99.

2000-01-01

229

NASA Administrator Dan Goldin greets 10-year-old VIP.  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

NASA Administrator Dan Goldin (left) shares a light moment during his meeting with 10-year-old Jonathan Pierce (right), who is garbed in a protective cooling suit designed by NASA. Behind Goldin is astronaut Doug Wheelock; behind Jonathan is his mother, Penny. Jonathan suffers from erythropoietic protoporphyria, a rare condition that makes his body unable to withstand ultraviolet rays. The suit allows him to be outside during the day, which would otherwise be impossible. Jonathan's trip was funded by the Make-A-Wish Foundation and included a visit to Disney World. He and his family were among a dozen VIPs at KSC to view the launch of STS-99.

2000-01-01

230

NASA Administrator Dan Goldin greets 10-year-old VIP.  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

NASA Administrator Dan Goldin (left) listens intently to 10-year- old Jonathan Pierce (right), who is garbed in a protective cooling suit designed by NASA. Behind Goldin is astronaut Doug Wheelock; behind Jonathan is his mother, Penny. Jonathan suffers from erythropoietic protoporphyria, a rare condition that makes his body unable to withstand ultraviolet rays. The suit allows him to be outside during the day, which would otherwise be impossible. Jonathan's trip was funded by the Make-A-Wish Foundation and included a visit to Disney World. He and his family were among a dozen VIPs at KSC to view the launch of STS- 99.

2000-01-01

231

10-year update of Stirling cryogenic coolers in France  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper enters in the scope of the session on 10-year update of IR in France. Cryotechnologies is a leader in both the French and European markets as a designer and manufacturer of cryogenic coolers. Serial production of the first generation of Stirling cryocoolers started at Cryotechnologies in the late eighties. A range of integral Stirling coolers is nowadays available and completes the existing range of split Stirling cryocoolers. Technical improvements are keeping up with the market evolutions and new potential applications (costs reduction, fast cooldown time, increase of cooling power, very high reliability, pulse tube cold finger).

Martin, Jean-Yves

2000-12-01

232

DCTD — Translational Research Program (TRP)  

Cancer.gov

Toby T. Hecht, Ph.D., earned her doctorate in microbiology and immunology from the Albert Einstein College of Medicine. She did her post-doctoral research at Yale University before coming to the NIH where, among other accomplishments, she created a unique Hodgkin’s lymphoma-specific monoclonal antibody that was used in both imaging and therapy trials at the NIH Clinical Center and at the Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center; and was instrumental in the development of ch14.18, an effective agent for children with high-risk neuroblastoma.

233

GAS INDUSTRY GROUNDWATER RESEARCH PROGRAM  

SciTech Connect

The objective of the research described in this report was to provide data and insights that will enable the natural gas industry to (1) significantly improve the assessment of subsurface glycol-related contamination at sites where it is known or suspected to have occurred and (2) make scientifically valid decisions concerning the management and/or remediation of that contamination. The described research was focused on subsurface transport and fate issues related to triethylene glycol (TEG), diethylene glycol (DEG), and ethylene glycol (EG). TEG and DEG were selected for examination because they are used in a vast majority of gas dehydration units, and EG was chosen because it is currently under regulatory scrutiny as a drinking water pollutant. Because benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene, and xylenes (collectively referred to as BTEX) compounds are often very closely associated with glycols used in dehydration processes, the research necessarily included assessing cocontaminant effects on waste mobility and biodegradation. BTEX hydrocarbons are relatively water-soluble and, because of their toxicity, are of regulatory concern. Although numerous studies have investigated the fate of BTEX, and significant evidence exists to indicate the potential biodegradability of BTEX in both aerobic and anaerobic environments (Kazumi and others, 1997; Krumholz and others, 1996; Lovely and others, 1995; Gibson and Subramanian, 1984), relatively few investigations have convincingly demonstrated in situ biodegradation of these hydrocarbons (Gieg and others, 1999), and less work has been done on investigating the fate of BTEX species in combination with miscible glycols. To achieve the research objectives, laboratory studies were conducted to (1) characterize glycol related dehydration wastes, with emphasis on identification and quantitation of coconstituent organics associated with TEG and EG wastes obtained from dehydration units located in the United States and Canada, (2) evaluate the biodegradability of TEG and DEG under conditions relevant to subsurface environments and representative of natural attenuation processes, and (3) examine the possibility that high concentrations of glycol may act as a cosolvent for BTEX compounds, thereby enhancing their subsurface mobility. To encompass a wide variety of potential wastes representative of different natural gas streams and dehydration processes, raw, rich, and lean glycol solutions were collected from 12 dehydration units at eight different gas-processing facilities located at sites in Texas, Louisiana, New Mexico, Oklahoma, and Alberta. To generate widely applicable environmental fate data, biodegradation and mobility experiments were performed using four distinctly different soils: three obtained from three gas-producing areas of North America (New Mexico, Louisiana, and Alberta), and one obtained from a North Dakota wetland to represent a soil with high organic matter content.

James A. Sorensen; John R. Gallagher; Steven B. Hawthorne; Ted R. Aulich

2000-10-01

234

Minority International Research Training Program: Global Collaboration in Nursing Research.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Minority International Research Training Program pairs minority nursing students with faculty mentors at international sites for short-term research. A total of 26 undergraduate, 22 graduate, and 6 postdoctoral students have participated. Challenges include recruitment, orientation, and preparation of students; identification and preparation…

McElmurry, Beverly J.; Misner, Susan J.; Buseh, Aaron G.

2003-01-01

235

Preoperative Diagnosis of Tubular Adenoma of Breast - 10 years of experience  

PubMed Central

Background: Tubular adenomas are rare benign neoplasms of female breast affecting women, predominantly of child-bearing age group. Definitive diagnosis of this tumor is usually achieved after histopathological study. Clinical, radiological, and even cytological features are often insufficient for accurate diagnosis. Aim: The aim of the present study was planned to analyze clinical and radiological features of histologically confirmed cases of tubular adenoma of breast to find out a clue for accurate preoperative cytological diagnosis. Materials and Methods: In our 10-year research program, all histologically confirmed tubular adenoma cases of breast were studied. Clinico-radio-cytological features, if available, were analyzed and tabulated. Results: Thirty-three cases of tubular adenoma of breast were studied. Radiological and cytological assessments are available for 12 and 26 cases, respectively. Tubular adenoma could be diagnosed in only two cases (7.7%) by cytological assessment, but in none by radiological assessment. Conclusions: Clinico-cyto-radiological assessment could identify the benign nature of the tumors in most cases, but final confirmation was possible only after histopathological study.

Sengupta, Sanjay; Pal, Subrata; Biswas, Biplab Kr; Phukan, Jyoti Prakash; Sinha, Anuradha; Sinha, Rajani

2014-01-01

236

GRI Program for Tight Gas Sands Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

GRI (Gas Research Institute) is proceeding with six projects for tight gas sands research, involving analyses for producing natural gas from tight blanket sands that are presently considered as non-commercial. The program plan is comprised of a sequence of projects relating to resource identification, formation evaluation, fluids and proppants investigations, fracture design, reservoir modeling, and staged field tests with technology

Patrick OShea; William Murphy

1982-01-01

237

Spatial scientometrics: Towards a cumulative research program  

Microsoft Academic Search

We propose a research program to analyse spatial aspects of the science system. First, we provide a review of scientometric studies that already explicitly take the spatial dimension into account. The review includes studies on (i) the spatial distribution of research and citations, (ii) the existence of spatial biases in collaboration, citations and mobility, and (iii) the citation impact of

Koen Frenken; Sjoerd Hardeman; Jarno Hoekman

2009-01-01

238

OVERVIEW OF WET-WEATHER RESEARCH PROGRAM  

EPA Science Inventory

This paper presents an overview of EPA,s wet-weather flow (WWF) research program, which was expanded in October 1995 with the establishment of the Urban Watershed Management Branch at Edison, New Jersey. Research priorities for 1998-1999 are presented as well as efforts to col...

239

Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Program.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In 1982, the Small Business Innovation Development Act (P.L. 97-219) established Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) programs within the major federal research and development (R&D) agencies that are designed to increase the participation of small i...

W. H. Schacht

2010-01-01

240

Human Research Program: 2010 Annual Report  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

2010 was a year of solid performance for the Human Research Program in spite of major changes in NASA's strategic direction for Human Spaceflight. Last year, the Program completed the final steps in solidifying the management foundation, and in 2010 we achieved exceptional performance from all elements of the research and technology portfolio. We transitioned from creating building blocks to full execution of the management tools for an applied research and technology program. As a team, we continue to deliver the answers and technologies that enable human exploration of space. While the Agency awaits strategic direction for human spaceflight, the Program is well positioned and critically important to helping the Agency achieve its goals.

2010-01-01

241

NASA's program on icing research and technology  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

NASA's program in aircraft icing research and technology is reviewed. The program relies heavily on computer codes and modern applied physics technology in seeking icing solutions on a finer scale than those offered in earlier programs. Three major goals of this program are to offer new approaches to ice protection, to improve the ability to model the response of an aircraft to an icing encounter, and to provide improved techniques and facilities for ground and flight testing. The following program elements are reviewed: (1) new approaches to ice protection; (2) numerical codes for deicer analysis; (3) measurement and prediction of ice accretion and its effect on aircraft and aircraft components; (4) special wind tunnel test techniques for rotorcraft icing; (5) improvements of icing wind tunnels and research aircraft; (6) ground de-icing fluids used in winter operation; (7) fundamental studies in icing; and (8) droplet sizing instruments for icing clouds.

Reinmann, John J.; Shaw, Robert J.; Ranaudo, Richard J.

1989-01-01

242

NASA's program on icing research and technology  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

NASA's program in aircraft icing research and technology is reviewed. The program relies heavily on computer codes and modern applied physics technology in seeking icing solutions on a finer scale than those offered in earlier programs. Three major goals of this program are to offer new approaches to ice protection, to improve our ability to model the response of an aircraft to an icing encounter, and to provide improved techniques and facilities for ground and flight testing. This paper reviews the following program elements: (1) new approaches to ice protection; (2) numerical codes for deicer analysis; (3) measurement and prediction of ice accretion and its effect on aircraft and aircraft components; (4) special wind tunnel test techniques for rotorcraft icing; (5) improvements of icing wind tunnels and research aircraft; (6) ground de-icing fluids used in winter operation; (7) fundamental studies in icing; and (8) droplet sizing instruments for icing clouds.

Reinmann, John J.; Shaw, Robert J.; Ranaudo, Richard J.

1989-01-01

243

NASA-Ames workload research program  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Research has been underway for several years to develop valid and reliable measures and predictors of workload as a function of operator state, task requirements, and system resources. Although the initial focus of this research was on aeronautics, the underlying principles and methodologies are equally applicable to space, and provide a set of tools that NASA and its contractors can use to evaluate design alternatives from the perspective of the astronauts. Objectives and approach of the research program are described, as well as the resources used in conducting research and the conceptual framework around which the program evolved. Next, standardized tasks are described, in addition to predictive models and assessment techniques and their application to the space program. Finally, some of the operational applications of these tasks and measures are reviewed.

Hart, Sandra

1988-01-01

244

Natural and accelerated bioremediation research program plan  

SciTech Connect

This draft plan describes a ten-year program to develop the scientific understanding needed to harness and develop natural and enhanced biogeochemical processes to bioremediate contaminated soils, sediments and groundwater at DOE facilities. The Office of Health and Environmental Research (OHER) developed this program plan, with advice and assistance from DOE`s Office of Environmental Management (EM). The program builds on OHER`s tradition of sponsoring fundamental research in the life and environmental sciences and was motivated by OHER`s and Office of Energy Research`s (OER`s) commitment to supporting DOE`s environmental management mission and the belief that bioremediation is an important part of the solution to DOE`s environmental problems.

NONE

1995-09-01

245

Cancer Prevention Research Small Grant Program  

Cancer.gov

This program announcement is designed to increase the basic and applied scientific knowledge of cancer prevention research and enhance community-based clinical research in cancer prevention. The initiative invites applications for developmental research in chemoprevention agent development, biomarkers, early detection and nutrition science. Early detection includes identification, development and evaluation of analytic techniques, methodologies and clinical technologies relevant to preclinical cancer detection and prevention (cellular, molecular and genetic tumor markers, molecular epidemiology and genetic risk factors and imaging technology).

246

Core Research Program, Year 5  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Dramatic losses of bone mineral density (BMD) and muscle strength are two of the best documented changes observed in humans after prolonged exposure to microgravity. Recovery of muscle upon return to a 1-G environment is well studied, however, far less is known about the rate and completeness of BMD recovery to pre-flight values. Using the mature tail-suspended adult rat model, this proposal will focus on the temporal course of recovery in tibial bone following a 28-d period of skeletal unloading. Through the study of bone density and muscle strength in the same animal, time-points during recovery from simulated microgravity will be identified when bone is at an elevated risk for fracture. These will occur due to the rapid recovery of muscle strength coupled with a slower recovery of bone, producing a significant mismatch in functional strength of these two tissues. Once the time-point of maximal mismatch is defined, various mechanical and pharmacological interventions will be tested at and around this time-point in attempt to minimize the functional difference of bone and muscle. The outcomes of this research will have high relevance for optimizing the rehabilitation of astronauts upon return to Earth, as well as upon landing on the Martian surface before assuming arduous physical tasks. Further. it will impact significantly on rehabilitation issues common to patients experiencing long periods of limb immobilization or bed rest.

2002-01-01

247

Research update: Materials compatibility and lubricant research (MCLR) program  

SciTech Connect

Since September 1991, the Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Technology Institute (ARTI) has been conducting materials compatibility and lubricants research on CFC and HCFC refrigerant alternatives. This work has been supported by a grant from the US Department of Energy, Office of Building Technology, with co-funding from the Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Technology Institute (ARI). During the first two and one-half years of this program, ARTI has subcontracted and managed twenty-one research projects totaling over $5.2 million. This research has included materials compatibility tests, refrigerant-lubricant interaction studies, measurement of thermophysical properties, and development of accelerated test methods. This paper summarizes results to date and discusses plans for future research for the Materials Compatibility and Lubricants Research (MCLR) program.

Szymurski, S.R.

1994-04-01

248

Base Program on Energy Related Research  

SciTech Connect

The main objective of the Base Research Program was to conduct both fundamental and applied research that will assist industry in developing, deploying, and commercializing efficient, nonpolluting fossil energy technologies that can compete effectively in meeting the energy requirements of the Nation. In that regard, tasks proposed under the WRI research areas were aligned with DOE objectives of secure and reliable energy; clean power generation; development of hydrogen resources; energy efficiency and development of innovative fuels from low and no-cost sources. The goal of the Base Research Program was to develop innovative technology solutions that will: (1) Increase the production of United States energy resources--coal, natural gas, oil, and renewable energy resources; (2) Enhance the competitiveness of United States energy technologies in international markets and assist in technology transfer; (3) Reduce the nation's dependence on foreign energy supplies and strengthen both the United States and regional economies; and (4) Minimize environmental impacts of energy production and utilization. This report summarizes the accomplishments of the overall Base Program. This document represents a stand-alone Final Report for the entire Program. It should be noted that an interim report describing the Program achievements was prepared in 2003 covering the progress made under various tasks completed during the first five years of this Program.

Western Research Institute

2008-06-30

249

The USAF Electronic Propulsion Research Program  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

All overview of current electric propulsion research and development efforts within the United States Air Force is presented. The Air Force supports electric propulsion primarily through the Air Force Office of Scientific Research (AFOSR), the Air Force Research Laboratory (AFRL) and the AFOSR european Office of Aerospace Research and Development (BOARD). Overall direction for the programs comes from Air Force Space Command (AFSPC), with AFRL mission analysis used to define specific technological advances needed to meet AFSPC mission priorities. AFOSR funds basic research in electric propulsion throughout the country in both academia and industry. The AFRL Propulsion Directorate conducts electric propulsion efforts in basic research, engineering development, and space flight experiments. BOARD supports research at foreign laboratories that feeds directly into AFOSR and AFRL research programs. Current research efforts fall into 3 main categories defined loosely by the thruster power level. All three agencies are conducting research at the low-power regime (P less than 200 W), in support of emerging USAF microsatellite missions. Efforts in the mid-power range (500 W to 5 kW) is being shifted from research and development to thruster/spacecraft integration issues. The high power regime (P greater than 30 kW) is realizing increased emphasis.

Spores, Ronald A.; Birkan, Mitat

2002-06-01

250

75 FR 15756 - Small Business Innovation Research Program Policy Directive  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...to the Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Program...Directive; Small Business Innovation Research Program To...Directors, Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Program...with the issuance and management of funding...

2010-03-30

251

5 CFR 470.205 - Initiation of research programs.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-01-01 false Initiation of research programs. 470.205 Section...REGULATIONS PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT RESEARCH PROGRAMS AND DEMONSTRATIONS PROJECTS...Regulatory Requirements Pertaining to Research Programs § 470.205...

2010-01-01

252

5 CFR 470.205 - Initiation of research programs.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-01-01 false Initiation of research programs. 470.205 Section...REGULATIONS PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT RESEARCH PROGRAMS AND DEMONSTRATIONS PROJECTS...Regulatory Requirements Pertaining to Research Programs § 470.205...

2011-01-01

253

5 CFR 470.201 - Purposes of research programs.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-01-01 false Purposes of research programs. 470.201 Section...REGULATIONS PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT RESEARCH PROGRAMS AND DEMONSTRATIONS PROJECTS...Regulatory Requirements Pertaining to Research Programs § 470.201...

2010-01-01

254

5 CFR 470.201 - Purposes of research programs.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-01-01 false Purposes of research programs. 470.201 Section...REGULATIONS PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT RESEARCH PROGRAMS AND DEMONSTRATIONS PROJECTS...Regulatory Requirements Pertaining to Research Programs § 470.201...

2011-01-01

255

Advanced Research and Technology Development Fossil Energy Materials Program.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Advanced Research and Technology Development (AR and TD) Fossil Energy Materials Programs is a multifaceted materials research and development program. Technical activities on the program are divided into three research thrust areas: structural cerami...

R. R. Judkins R. A. Bradley

1988-01-01

256

5 CFR 470.205 - Initiation of research programs.  

...2014-01-01 false Initiation of research programs. 470.205 Section...REGULATIONS PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT RESEARCH PROGRAMS AND DEMONSTRATIONS PROJECTS...Regulatory Requirements Pertaining to Research Programs § 470.205...

2014-01-01

257

5 CFR 470.201 - Purposes of research programs.  

...2014-01-01 false Purposes of research programs. 470.201 Section...REGULATIONS PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT RESEARCH PROGRAMS AND DEMONSTRATIONS PROJECTS...Regulatory Requirements Pertaining to Research Programs § 470.201...

2014-01-01

258

5 CFR 470.201 - Purposes of research programs.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-01-01 false Purposes of research programs. 470.201 Section...REGULATIONS PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT RESEARCH PROGRAMS AND DEMONSTRATIONS PROJECTS...Regulatory Requirements Pertaining to Research Programs § 470.201...

2012-01-01

259

5 CFR 470.205 - Initiation of research programs.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-01-01 false Initiation of research programs. 470.205 Section...REGULATIONS PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT RESEARCH PROGRAMS AND DEMONSTRATIONS PROJECTS...Regulatory Requirements Pertaining to Research Programs § 470.205...

2012-01-01

260

5 CFR 470.205 - Initiation of research programs.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-01-01 false Initiation of research programs. 470.205 Section...REGULATIONS PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT RESEARCH PROGRAMS AND DEMONSTRATIONS PROJECTS...Regulatory Requirements Pertaining to Research Programs § 470.205...

2013-01-01

261

5 CFR 470.201 - Purposes of research programs.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-01-01 false Purposes of research programs. 470.201 Section...REGULATIONS PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT RESEARCH PROGRAMS AND DEMONSTRATIONS PROJECTS...Regulatory Requirements Pertaining to Research Programs § 470.201...

2013-01-01

262

USAF Summer Research Program - 1994 Summer Faculty Research Program Final Reports, Volume 5B, Wright Laboratory.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The United States Air Force Summer Faculty Research Program (USAF- SFRP) is designed to introduce university, college, and technical institute faculty members to Air Force research. This is accomplished by the faculty members being selected on a nationall...

G. Moore

1994-01-01

263

Summer Research Program - 1997 Summer Research Extension Program Volume 4A Wright Laboratory.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The United States Air Force Summer Research Program (SRP) is designed to introduce university, college, and technical institute faculty members to Air Force research. This is accomplished by the faculty members, graduate students, and high school students...

G. Moore

1997-01-01

264

NASA Human Research Program Space Radiation Program Element  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The goal of the NASA Human Research Program's Space Radiation Program Element is to ensure that crews can safely live and work in the space radiation environment. Current work is focused on developing the knowledge base and tools required for accurate assessment of health risks resulting from space radiation exposure including cancer and circulatory and central nervous system diseases, as well as acute risks from solar particle events. Division of Space Life Sciences (DSLS) Space Radiation Team scientists work at multiple levels to advance this goal, with major projects in biological risk research; epidemiology; and physical, biophysical, and biological modeling.

Chappell, Lori; Huff, Janice; Patel, Janapriya; Wang, Minli; Hu, Shaowwen; Kidane, Yared; Myung-Hee, Kim; Li, Yongfeng; Nounu, Hatem; Plante, Ianik; Ponomarev, Artem; Hada, Megumi

2013-01-01

265

Space Life Sciences Research and Education Program  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Since 1969, the Universities Space Research Association (USRA), a private, nonprofit corporation, has worked closely with the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) to advance space science and technology and to promote education in those areas. USRA's Division of Space Life Sciences (DSLS) has been NASA's life sciences research partner for the past 18 years. For the last six years, our Cooperative Agreement NCC9-41 for the 'Space Life Sciences Research and Education Program' has stimulated and assisted life sciences research and education at NASA's Johnson Space Center (JSC) - both at the Center and in collaboration with outside academic institutions. To accomplish our objectives, the DSLS has facilitated extramural research, developed and managed educational programs, recruited and employed visiting and staff scientists, and managed scientific meetings.

Coats, Alfred C.

2001-01-01

266

Human anaplasmosis in Belgium: a 10-year seroepidemiological study.  

PubMed

Human granulocytic anaplasmosis (HGA) is a tick-borne rickettsial infection of neutrophils caused by Anaplasma phagocytophilum. Although the pathogen was known as a veterinary agent as early as 1932, the link with human disease was first established in 1990. In the past decennium, the involvement of HGA as an important and frequent cause of fever with a history of tick bite was increasingly recognized in many regions of Europe. This paper presents a 10-year A. phagocytophilum serosurveillance (2000-2009), wherein 1672 serum samples were tested and 418 were found positive. A total of 111 patients had a history of tick bite, fever, and at least a 4-fold rise in titre and are thus considered to be confirmed cases. These findings suggest that Belgium is a hot spot for HGA infections. PMID:21890069

Cochez, Christel; Ducoffre, Geneviève; Vandenvelde, Christian; Luyasu, Victor; Heyman, Paul

2011-09-01

267

Dissociative recombination of H3+: 10 years in retrospect  

PubMed Central

The dissociative recombination of has been an intriguing problem for more than half a century. The early experiments on during the first 20 years were carried out without mass analysis in decaying plasma afterglows, and thus the measured rates pertained to an uncontrolled mixture of and impurity ions. When mass analysis was used, the rate coefficient was determined to be an uneventful value of about 10?7?cm3?s?1, a very common rate coefficient for many molecular ions. But this was not the end of the story, not even the beginning of the end; it marked only the end of the beginning. The story I will tell in this article started about 10 years ago, when the dissociative recombination of was approaching its deepest crisis. Today, owing to an extensive experimental and theoretical effort, the state of affairs has reached a historically unique level of harmony, although there still remains many things to sort out.

Larsson, Mats

2012-01-01

268

NASA Administrator Dan Goldin greets 10-year-old VIP.  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

NASA Administrator Dan Goldin (center) talks to 10-year-old Jonathan Pierce (right), who is garbed in a protective cooling suit designed by NASA. In the background, between them, are Jonathan's mother, Penny; his grandfather, John Janocka; and his sister, Jaimie. At left is Mrs. Goldin. Jonathan suffers from erythropoietic protoporphyria, a rare condition that makes his body unable to withstand ultraviolet rays. The suit allows him to be outside during the day, which would otherwise be impossible. Jonathan's trip was funded by the Make-A-Wish Foundation and included a visit to Disney World. He and his family were among a dozen VIPs at KSC to view the launch of STS-99.

2000-01-01

269

NASA Administrator Dan Goldin greets 10-year-old VIP.  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

NASA Administrator Dan Goldin (center) greets 10-year-old Jonathan Pierce (right), who is garbed in a protective cooling suit designed by NASA. In the background, between them, are Jonathan's mother, Penny; his grandfather, John Janocka; and his sister, Jaimie.. At left is Mrs. Goldin. Jonathan suffers from erythropoietic protoporphyria, a rare condition that makes his body unable to withstand ultraviolet rays. The suit allows him to be outside during the day, which would otherwise be impossible. Jonathan's trip was funded by the Make-A-Wish Foundation and included a visit to Disney World. He and his family were among a dozen VIPs at KSC to view the launch of STS-99.

2000-01-01

270

NASA Administrator Dan Goldin greets 10-year-old VIP.  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

NASA Administrator Dan Goldin (center) presents a bag of special gifts to 10-year-old Jonathan Pierce (right), who is garbed in a protective cooling suit designed by NASA. In the background, between them, are Jonathan's mother, Penny; his grandfather, John Janocka; and his sister, Jaimie.. At left is Mrs. Goldin. Jonathan suffers from erythropoietic protoporphyria, a rare condition that makes his body unable to withstand ultraviolet rays. The suit allows him to be outside during the day, which would otherwise be impossible. Jonathan's trip was funded by the Make-A-Wish Foundation and included a visit to Disney World. He and his family were among a dozen VIPs at KSC to view the launch of STS-99.

2000-01-01

271

Scurvy in a 10-year-old boy.  

PubMed

Scurvy, or hypovitaminosis C, is an uncommon condition that exists today primarily within certain unique populations-particularly the elderly subjects, patients with neurodevelopmental disabilities or psychiatric illnesses, or others with unusual dietary habits. Vitamin C is an essential nutrient in the human body, and is important in synthesizing collagen factor whose faulty production is responsible for most of the clinical manifestations of scurvy. These clinical manifestations can include dystrophic or corkscrew hairs, gingival hyperplasia, and weakened blood vessel walls, causing bleeding in the skin, joints, and other organs. Although rare in the Unites States, the presence of scurvy should not be forgotten because of its presence among susceptible populations. Moreover, with its diagnosis, treatment and cure is one of the simplest in modern medicine. We report a case of scurvy in a 10-year-old autistic child. PMID:20561240

Cole, John A; Warthan, Molly M; Hirano, Stefanie A; Gowen, Clarence W; Williams, Judith V

2011-01-01

272

Our 10-year experience with embolized Wilms' tumor.  

PubMed

In the Department of Pediatric Surgery, Clinical Hospital Center Rebro in Zagreb, during the last 10 years a new method of invasive diagnostic and at the same time therapeutic procedure for the treatment of Wilms' tumor has been introduced. The treatment is preoperative Percutaneous Transcatheter Intraarterial Embolization (PTIE) of the renal artery. The aim of this procedure is to reduce vascularization, to decrease the mass of kidney affected by the tumor, to separate it from the surrounding tissue, to decrease intraoperative spillage of malignant cells into the blood stream and their metastasizing. As a result nephrectomy is easier to perform. It has been confirmed that it is best to perform nephrectomy 48 hours after embolization. The authors present their own experience with 33 patients, ranging from 1 to 16 years of age. PMID:7612590

Zupanci?, B; Bradi?, I; Batinica, S; Radanovi?, B; Simuni?, S; Zupanci?, V; Popovi?, L; Belina, D

1995-04-01

273

A 10-year study of homosexually transmitted infection.  

PubMed Central

A 10-year survey is presented of male cases of homosexually acquired infection seen between 1962 and 1971 at Charing Cross Hospital (West London Branch). Tables showing the number of cases of syphilis, gonorrhea, and other conditions in homosexual and heterosexual males and in females are considered. Tables of other relevant data are also presented. The reasons underlying the changes illustrated, including the Act legalizing homosexual practices between consenting adult males, which became effective in 1968, are discussed. Certain pathological conditions apparently connected with homosexual practices, such as serum hepatitis, local rectal disease, and mucous colitis, are included and also some relevant manifestations of herpes genitalis and genitral warts. Homosexually acquired infection in prisoners is described. Some of the psychiatric effects of homosexuality on clinic patients and also their fears of treatment at clinics are considered, as well as the behavioral differences in response to infection between exclusively homosexuals, bi-sexuals, and married homosexuals.

Fluker, J L

1976-01-01

274

Classic Intrafascial Supracervical Hysterectomy (CISH): 10-Year Experience  

PubMed Central

Objective: We report and review herein our 10-year experience with classic intrafascial supracervical hysterectomy focusing on our long-term experience, evolution of the operative technique, and increased use of this technique. Method: We performed a parallel, observational study with retrospective data to evaluate classic intrafascial supracervical hysterectomy, a laparoscopic hysterectomy technique, at Fayette Medical Center, a community hospital in Northwestern Alabama, USA. Patients comprised a consecutive series of 579 over a 10-year period from November 1992 through November 2002. Results: The classic intrafascial supracervical hysterectomy technique, similar to standard supracervical hysterectomy, leaves the cardinal ligament, uterosacral ligament, vascular supply, and innervation to the upper vagina and cervix intact, but unlike supracervical hysterectomy removes the transition zone and endocervical canal. For 579 patients, the average age was 45.4 years (range, 22 to 92), follow- up was 75.3 months (range, 17 to 137), operating room time was 69 minutes (range, 44 to 370), blood loss was 72 mL (range, 10 to 765), length of hospital stay was 23.2 hours (range, 14 hours to 5 days), time to return to work was 13.2 days (range, 3 to 28). Complications include 11 cervical bleedings, 1 uterine artery bleeding, 1 pelvic hematoma, 1 postoperative ileus, and 16 mucoceles of the cervical stump. Three patients were converted from a laparoscopic to an open procedure (0.52%). Long-term follow-up of up to 137 months shows no adverse events thus far. Conclusions: Classic intrafascial supracervical hysterectomy is a safe procedure with a low short- and long-term complication rate. It has a short recuperation period and high patient satisfaction. It is the procedure of choice when hysterectomy is indicated for benign disease.

Morrison, John E.

2006-01-01

275

AEROCE - 10 Years of Atmospheric Chemistry at Bermuda  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Atmosphere/Ocean Chemistry Experiment (AEROCE) was a comprehensive multi-disciplinary and multi-institutional research program that focused on a number of aspects of the atmospheric chemistry over the North Atlantic Ocean (NAO). These included: ozone and the oxidizing capacity of the atmosphere; aerosol physical and chemical properties (especially for sulfur and nitrogen species and mineral aerosol) and related precipitation chemistry; the role of aerosols in climate; and chemical air/sea exchange. Two major themes of AEROCE research were designed to (1) understand the role of anthropogenic emissions and natural processes in the ozone budget and oxidizing capacity of the troposphere over the North Atlantic Ocean (NAO) and (2) characterize the physical and chemical properties of aerosols that are important to the radiative properties of the atmosphere and to climate; to study the processes that affect these properties; and to assess the relative importance of natural and human sources. AEROCE focused on the atmosphere over the NAO because it is the ocean region that is most likely to be affected by atmospheric transport from the continents. The AEROCE station at Bermuda was an extremely important part of this program. Bermuda is the recipient of relatively clean marine air from the central North Atlantic as well as pollutants and natural continental materials from North America, Europe, and Africa. Seasonally, the highest ozone concentrations occur during the spring and are associated with transport off the North American continent. The highest daily ozone values occur under conditions of large-scale subsidence from the mid-troposphere in association with the passage of cold fronts across Bermuda. During the 1996 spring intensive field experiment, AEROCE researchers found that these high ozone concentrations resulted from a combination of downmixing from the stratosphere and production from precursors associated with North American pollution. The highest concentrations of mineral dust occur during the summer when advection of air from lower latitudes frequently carries Saharan dust to the site. Along with the dust, Bermuda receives pollution from Europe as well as Africa. However, the major source for pollutants at Bermuda is North America. The highest concentrations of the pollutant aerosol species are associated with rapid and direct boundary layer transport from the United States. Natural processes also play an important role. Dimethylsulfide (DMS), emitted from biological sources in the ocean, is converted to aerosol products, contributing about 30 per cent of the annual mean nonsea-salt sulfate at Bermuda. Chlorine derived from sea-salt may play a significant role in atmospheric oxidation reactions. Another major issue addressed in AEROCE was the rate of transfer of the atmospheric species into the ocean. Removal by precipitation is the major sink for many types of marine aerosols. Scavenging ratios (SRs) are often used to characterize and parameterize the removal flux. When calculated from data averaged over long time periods (e.g., a year or more), SRs are reasonably consistent (within a factor of two) over extensive marine regions. Scavenging processes are, however, complex and vary greatly over time and space. This is reflected in monthly SRs that vary over factors of 2 to 5 at Bermuda, and in daily SRs that vary over an order of magnitude. Consequently, removal fluxes parameterized over short periods of time are still highly uncertain.

Savoie, D. L.

2001-12-01

276

Research program of the Geodynamics Branch  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This report is the Fourth Annual Summary of the Research Program of the Geodynamics Branch. The branch is located within the Laboratory for Terrestrial Physics of the Space and Earth Sciences Directorate of the Goddard Space Flight Center. The research activities of the branch staff cover a broad spectrum of geoscience disciplines including: tectonophysics, space geodesy, geopotential field modeling, and dynamic oceanography. The NASA programs which are supported by the work described in this document include the Geodynamics and Ocean Programs, the Crustal Dynamics Project and the proposed Ocean Topography Experiment (TOPEX). The reports highlight the investigations conducted by the Geodynamics Branch staff during calendar year 1985. The individual papers are grouped into chapters on Crustal Movements and Solid Earth Dynamics, Gravity Field Modeling and Sensing Techniques, and Sea Surface Topography. Further information on the activities of the branch or the particular research efforts described herein can be obtained through the branch office or from individual staff members.

Kahn, W. D. (editor); Cohen, S. C. (editor); Boccucci, B. S. (editor)

1986-01-01

277

Teacher Research Programs = Increased Student Achievement  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Columbia University's Summer Research Program for Science Teachers (SRP), founded in 1990, is one of the largest, best known university professional development programs for science teachers in the U.S. For eight weeks in each of two consecutive summers, teachers participate as a member of a research team, led by a member of Columbia University's research faculty. In addition to the laboratory experience, all teachers meet weekly during the summer for a series of pedagogical activities to assist them in transferring the experience to their classrooms. The primary goal of the program is to provide K-12 science teachers with opportunities to work at the cutting edge of science and engineering, and thus to revitalize their teaching and help them to appreciate the use of inquiry-based methods in their classroom instruction. The secondary goals of the program are to give the pre-college teacher the ability to guide their students toward careers in science and engineering, to develop new teaching strategies, and to foster long-term scholarly collaborations. The last is especially important as it leads to a model of the teacher as active in science yet committed to the pre-college classroom. Since its inception, SRP has focused on an objective assessment of the program's impact on attitudes and instructional practices of participating teachers, on the performance of these teachers in their mentors' laboratories, and most importantly, on the impact of their participation in the program has on student interest and performance in science. Our research resulted in a paper published in the journal Science. SRP also facilitates a multi-site survey-based evaluation of other teacher research programs around the country. The author will present the findings of both studies.

Dubner, J.

2011-12-01

278

New Programming Languages for Artificial Intelligence Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

New directions in Artificial Intelligence research have led to the need for certain novel features to be embedded in programming languages. This paper gives an overview of the nature of these features, and their implementation in four principal families of AI languages: SAIL; PLANNER\\/CONNIVER; QLISP\\/INTERLISP; and POPLER\\/POP-2. The programming featurcs described include: new data types and accessing mechanisms for stored

Daniel G. Bobrow; Bertram Raphael

1974-01-01

279

CISE Combined Research and Curriculum Development and Educational Innovation Program  

NSF Publications Database

CISE Combined Research and Curriculum Development and Educational Innovation Program (CRCD/EI ... the CISE Combined Research and Curriculum Development (CRCD) Program announcement (01-139) and the ...

280

Minority international research training program: global collaboration in nursing research.  

PubMed

In the current century, nurses, along with other health professionals, require preparation for their roles in international health. For faculty and students to practice and learn in this global community, they also will want to have added knowledge of economics, business, and public policy. To gain an immersion experience in global health, nursing faculty and students will need to spend time abroad collaborating with nursing colleagues in other countries. This report describes an academic-research training program (Minority International Research Program [MIRT]) established 7 years ago to enhance the international health experience of minority nursing students. Qualified undergraduate and graduate nursing students are recruited and paired with faculty mentors to conduct short-term research abroad for a period of 10 to 14 weeks. The purpose of international research experiences for minority nursing students is to develop leaders in nursing science and to increase collaboration in the resolution of global health issues. To date, 26 undergraduate students, 22 graduate students, 6 postdoctoral trainees, and 11 faculty mentors have participated and completed the program through research immersion experiences in 9 countries. The program is described in terms of its strengths, challenges, and lessons learned, as well as opportunities for future activities. PMID:12649816

McElmurry, Beverly J; Misner, Susan J; Buseh, Aaron G

2003-01-01

281

Japan sets up program for biological research  

SciTech Connect

Japanese officials have put final touches on plans for a global biological research program, called the Human Frontier Science Program, that they hope will launch their country into a new era of international science. Japan will establish a nongovernmental secretariat for the program and will manage it through an international governing council. Almost all the funding in the countries involved- Japan, the U.S., Canada, and the European Community countries- will be provided by Japan, at least at first. In its present design, the program consists of two thrusts- one in the neurosciences with emphasis on brain function, the other on the chemistry and molecular biology of gene expression. The program in the first year would consist of 30 to 50 direct research grants to researchers working in teams, 100 to 200 postdoctoral fellowships, and 10 to 20 workshops. Young researchers would be favored for funding. The average annual grant size would total $500,000, and postdoctoral awards would average $50,000.

Lepkowski, W.

1988-05-16

282

Environmental Research Program. 1994 annual report  

SciTech Connect

The objective of the Environmental Research Program is to enhance the understanding of, and mitigate the effects of pollutants on health, ecological systems, global and regional climate, and air quality. The program is multi-disciplinary and includes fundamental research and development in efficient and environmentally-benign combustion, pollutant abatement and destruction, and novel methods of detection and analysis of criteria and non-criteria pollutants. This diverse group conducts investigations in combustion, atmospheric and marine processes, flue-gas chemistry, and ecological systems.

Brown, N.J.

1995-04-01

283

Applied Information Systems Research Program Workshop  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The first Applied Information Systems Research Program (AISRP) Workshop provided the impetus for several groups involved in information systems to review current activities. The objectives of the workshop included: (1) to provide an open forum for interaction and discussion of information systems; (2) to promote understanding by initiating a dialogue with the intended benefactors of the program, the scientific user community, and discuss options for improving their support; (3) create an advocacy in having science users and investigators of the program meet together and establish the basis for direction and growth; and (4) support the future of the program by building collaborations and interaction to encourage an investigator working group approach for conducting the program.

1991-01-01

284

General aviation energy-conservation research programs  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A review is presented of nonturbine general aviation engine programs underway at the NASA-Lewis Research Center. The program encompasses conventional, lightweight diesel, and rotary engines. Its three major thrusts are: (1) reduced SFC's; (2) improved fuels tolerance; and (3) reducing emissions. Current and planned future programs in such areas as lean operation, improved fuel management, advanced cooling techniques, and advanced engine concepts, are described. These are expected to lay the technology base, by the mid to latter 1980's, for engines whose total fuel costs are as much as 30% lower than today's conventional engines.

Willis, E. A.

1978-01-01

285

Geothermal Reservoir Technology Research Program: Abstracts of selected research projects  

SciTech Connect

Research projects are described in the following areas: geothermal exploration, mapping reservoir properties and reservoir monitoring, and well testing, simulation, and predicting reservoir performance. The objectives, technical approach, and project status of each project are presented. The background, research results, and future plans for each project are discussed. The names, addresses, and telephone and telefax numbers are given for the DOE program manager and the principal investigators. (MHR)

Reed, M.J. (ed.)

1993-03-01

286

Research Activities within NASA's Morphing Program  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

In the last decade, smart technologies have become important enabling technologies that cut across traditional boundaries in science and engineering. Here smart is defined as the ability to respond to a stimulus in a predictable and reproducible manner. While multiple successes have been achieved in the laboratory, we have yet to see the general applicability of smart technologies to actual aircraft and spacecraft. The NASA Morphing program is an attempt to couple research across a wide range of disciplines to integrate smart technologies into high payoff applications on aircraft and spacecraft. The program bridges research in several technical disciplines and combines the effort into applications that include active aerodynamic control, active aeroelastic control, and vehicle performance improvement. System studies are used to assess the highest-payoff program objectives, and specific research activities are defined to address the technologies required for development of smart aircraft and spacecraft. This paper will discuss the overall goals of NASA's Morphing program, highlight some of the recent research efforts and discuss the multidisciplinary studies that support that research and some of the challenges associated with bringing the smart technologies to real applications on flight vehicles.

McGowan, Anna-Maria R.; Horta, Lucas G.; Harrison, Joycelyn S.; Raney, David L.

2000-01-01

287

15 CFR 256.2 - The Research Associate Program.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false The Research Associate Program. 256.2 Section 256.2...TECHNOLOGY, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE FELLOWSHIPS AND RESEARCH ASSOCIATES RESEARCH ASSOCIATE PROGRAM § 256.2 The Research...

2011-01-01

288

15 CFR 256.2 - The Research Associate Program.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false The Research Associate Program. 256.2 Section 256.2...TECHNOLOGY, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE FELLOWSHIPS AND RESEARCH ASSOCIATES RESEARCH ASSOCIATE PROGRAM § 256.2 The Research...

2010-01-01

289

15 CFR 256.2 - The Research Associate Program.  

... 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false The Research Associate Program. 256.2 Section 256.2...TECHNOLOGY, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE FELLOWSHIPS AND RESEARCH ASSOCIATES RESEARCH ASSOCIATE PROGRAM § 256.2 The Research...

2014-01-01

290

15 CFR 256.2 - The Research Associate Program.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false The Research Associate Program. 256.2 Section 256.2...TECHNOLOGY, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE FELLOWSHIPS AND RESEARCH ASSOCIATES RESEARCH ASSOCIATE PROGRAM § 256.2 The Research...

2013-01-01

291

Alberta Oil Sands Environmental Research Program  

SciTech Connect

The Alberta Oil Sands Environmental Research Program of the Governments of Canada and Alberta aims to establish baseline data on aquatic and terrestrial fauna, meteorology, and air and water quality. Air research topics include plume dispersion, chemical constitution and transformation within plumes, and the deposition of pollutants. Land system research covers subjects such as the effects of airborne emissions, soil chemistry, biochemical and physiological responses of vegetation and sulfur pathways, which are being studied with a sulfur isotope technique. Water system research topics involve mine tailings, saline waters from mine depressurization, natural river waters that flow through bitumen deposits, the effects of industrial waters on stream biota, and toxicological aspects of industrial contaiminants. The program, which began in 1975, has identified significant environmental effects owing to current oil sands developments.

Macdonald, W.R.; Sandhu, H.S.; Bottenheim, J.W.; Munson, B.

1980-01-01

292

Microgravity Combustion Research: 1999 Program and Results  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The use of the microgravity environment of space to expand scientific knowledge and to enable the commercial development of space for enhancing the quality of life on Earth is particularly suitable to the field of combustion. This document reviews the current status of microgravity combustion research and derived information. It is the fourth in a series of timely surveys, all published as NASA Technical Memoranda, and it covers largely the period from 1995 to early 1999. The scope of the review covers three program areas: fundamental studies, applications to fire safety and other fields. and general measurements and diagnostics. The document also describes the opportunities for Principal Investigator participation through the NASA Research Announcement program and the NASA Glenn Research Center low-gravity facilities available to researchers.

Friedman, Robert (Editor); Gokoglu, Suleyman A. (Editor); Urban, David L. (Editor)

1999-01-01

293

Nuclear gas core propulsion research program  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Viewgraphs on the nuclear gas core propulsion research program are presented. The objectives of this research are to develop models and experiments, systems, and fuel elements for advanced nuclear thermal propulsion rockets. The fuel elements under investigation are suitable for gas/vapor and multiphase fuel reactors. Topics covered include advanced nuclear propulsion studies, nuclear vapor thermal rocket (NVTR) studies, and ultrahigh temperature nuclear fuels and materials studies.

Diaz, Nils J.; Dugan, Edward T.; Anghaie, Samim

1993-01-01

294

10 years of Terra Outreach over the Internet  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

1 Author Yuen, Karen JPL (818) 393-7716 2 Author Riebeek, Holli Sigma Space Corporation (department) at NASA Goddard Space Flight Center (Institution), Greenbelt, Maryland 3 Author Chambers, Lin NASA Abstract: Since launch, Terra has returned about 195 gigabytes (level 0) of data per day or 1 terabyte every 5 days. Few outlets were able to accommodate and quickly share that amount of information as well as the Internet. To honor the 10-year anniversary of the launch of Terra, we would like to highlight the education and outreach efforts of the Terra mission on the Internet and its reach to the science attentive public. The Internet or web has been the primary way of delivering Terra content to different groups- from formal and informal education to general public outreach. Through the years, many different web-based projects have been developed, and they were of service to a growing population of the science attentive public. One of Terra’s original EPO activities was the Earth Observatory. It was initially dedicated to telling the remote sensing story of Terra, but quickly grew to include science and imagery from other sensors. The web site allowed for collaboration across NASA centers, universities and other organizations by exchanging and sharing of story ideas, news and images. The award winning Earth Observatory helped pave the way for the more recently funded development of the Climate Change website. With its specific focus on climate change studies, once again, Terra stories and images are shared with an even more specific audience base. During the last 10 years, Terra as a mission has captured the imagination of the public through its visually stunning and artistically arresting images. With its five instruments of complementary but unique capabilities, the mission gave the world not just pretty pictures, but scientific data-based images. The world was able to see from space everything from calving icebergs to volcanic eruption plumes and the eye of a hurricane. All the images, including the Blue Marble, were made free and available to the public through the Earth Observatory, Visible Earth, the NASA Photojournal, and MODIS Rapid Response. Another distinctly unique web project was the MISR Mystery Image quizzes or more popularly known as "Where on Earth?..." These quizzes allowed a loyal audience base to embark upon a geographical adventure with MISR. The puzzles were designed to inspire understanding of the physical, biological and human processes that influence our home planet and cover topics from Archaeology to Zoology.

Yuen, K.; Riebeek, H.; Chambers, L. H.

2009-12-01

295

Pediatric Femoral Neck Fractures: Our 10 Years of Experience  

PubMed Central

Background Femoral neck fractures are rare injuries in children, but the high incidence of long term complications make it an important clinical entity. The aim of this retrospective study was to analyze the clinical outcomes of pediatric femur neck fractures that we managed over a 10 year period. Methods The study included 36 children (20 boys and 16 girls) who sustained femoral neck fractures and completed a minimum follow-up of one year. The children were treated either conservatively, or by open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF), or closed reduction and internal fixation (CRIF). The outcomes were analyzed using Ratliff criteria and a detailed record of complications was kept for all patients. Results The mean age of included patients was 10 years (range, 3 to 16 years) and the average follow-up was 3.2 years (range, 1.1 to 8.5 years). Based on Delbet's classification system, there were 0 type I (transepiphyseal), 16 type II, 11 type III, and 9 type IV fractures. There were 8 undisplaced fractures, 4 of which later displaced after being managed initially in a hip spica. A satisfactory outcome was obtained in 27 (75%) children. Avascular necrosis (AVN) was the most common complication. It was seen in 7 of our patients, all of whom had an unsatisfactory outcome. Other complications included three cases each of coxa vara, non-union, and arthritic changes; and one case each of infection, primary screw perforation of head, and premature epiphyseal closure. Complications were lowest in the group treated by ORIF. Only 2 patients managed exclusively by conservative treatment ultimately achieved a satisfactory outcome. Conclusions We believe that internal fixation of pediatric femoral neck fractures is preferred whenever feasible because conservative treatment carries a high risk of failure of reduction. Aggressive operative treatments aimed at anatomical reduction should be the goal and there should be no hesitation in choosing ORIF over CRIF. Outcome of patients is influenced primarily by development of AVN which occurs as an independent entity without much relation to the mode of treatment carried out.

Sudesh, Pebam; Patel, Sandeep; Kumar, Vishal; Saini, Uttam; Dhillon, M. S.

2011-01-01

296

Lessons Learned from 10 Years of Delivering Quality Microwave Data to Scientists  

Microsoft Academic Search

DISCOVER (Distributed Information Services: Climate\\/Ocean Products and Visualization for Earth Research) is a NASA MEaSUREs funded project that delivers ocean surface wind, water vapor, cloud, sea surface temperature and rain products to the scientific community. We have delivered these data to users via the Internet for over 10 years thanks to successive funding (Pathfinder, ESIP, REASoN and now MEaSUREs). Since

D. K. Smith; F. J. Wentz; K. A. Hilburn; C. L. Gentemann

2009-01-01

297

Intracranial Subdural Empyema: A 10-Year Case Series  

PubMed Central

Background Intracranial subdural empyema (ISDE) is a pyogenic infection located in the space between the dura and arachnoid mater. Early diagnosis, prompt initiation of antimicrobial therapy, and surgical drainage are essential to reduce morbidity and mortality. This case series analyzes the presentation and management of ISDE in Queensland, Australia, over a 10-year period. Methods Thirty-six patients with ISDE were treated at Gold Coast University Hospital, Princess Alexandra Hospital, Townsville Hospital, and Royal Brisbane Hospital. The patients' medical records were analyzed to ascertain patient demographics, etiology, presentation, and management. Results A slight male preponderance occurred in the cohort of 36 patients with ISDE. The most common source of infection was a neurosurgical procedure, followed by sinusitis and otogenic sources. Headache, fever, and altered sensorium were the most common clinical triad of symptoms, present in 19 (53%) patients. Craniotomy was performed as the initial surgical procedure in 28 (88%) of the 32 patients who required surgery. Seizure prophylaxis was given to 25 (69%) patients, with 8 (32%) of those patients having seizures during their hospitalizations despite this therapy. Five (14%) patients required readmission and a second craniotomy because of failed resolution of the ISDE. Conclusion Altered sensorium, fever, vomiting, and headache should alert the clinician to the possibility of ISDE. A history of neurosurgery, sinusitis, otitis media, or skull trauma increases the likelihood of this differential. Management includes sensitive antibiotic therapy and surgical drainage. Compared with burr hole, craniotomy is associated with less recurrence of ISDE.

French, Heath; Schaefer, Nathan; Keijzers, Gerben; Barison, David; Olson, Sarah

2014-01-01

298

Fatal burns in Manipal area: a 10 year study.  

PubMed

The purpose of this study was to record and evaluate the causes and the magnitude of the fatal burn injuries retrospectively. An analysis of autopsy records revealed 19.4% cases of burn injuries amongst the total autopsies done over 10years period (1993-2002) in the mortuary of the department of Forensic Medicine of Kasturba medical College, Manipal. The majority of deaths (78.5%) occurred between 11 and 40years of age group with preponderance of females (74.8%). The flame burns were seen in 94.1% of the victims followed by scalds and electrical burns in 2.8% and 2.5% cases, respectively. The majority of burn incidents were accidental (75.8%) in nature followed by suicidal (11.5%) and homicidal (3.1%) deaths. The percentage of burn (TBSA) over 40% were observed in most of the cases (92.5%). The majority of deaths occurred within a week (69.87%) and most the victims died because of septicemia (50.9%). PMID:17046310

Kumar, Virendra; Mohanty, Manoj Kumar; Kanth, Sarita

2007-01-01

299

Lawnmower injuries in children: a 10-year experience.  

PubMed

Approximately 77,800 annual lawnmower-related injuries are treated in the USA, with 9,300 involving children. This work reviews the literature and reports our 10-year experience with lawnmower injuries. We retrospectively reviewed patients with lawnmower injuries admitted to the Women and Children's Hospital of Buffalo from 1995 to 2005 and reviewed the literature. Sixteen patients with mower-related injuries were admitted to our institution, with three due to walk-behind mowers and 13 due to riding mowers. The mean age was 7.5 years. Riding mower injuries had a higher average injury severity score (14.3 vs. 9) and a longer average length of hospital stay (15 vs. 2 days). All of the walk-behind mower injuries were extremity injuries, with two requiring amputations. Eleven of the riding mower injuries had extremity injuries alone, one had isolated torso injuries, and one had both extremity and torso injuries. Three required amputations, and the two patients with torso injuries required extensive surgical reconstructions. Pediatric lawnmower injuries, particularly due to riding mowers, are a highly preventable cause of morbidity and mortality. Increased public safety awareness and further manufacturer safety modifications should be strongly encouraged in order to limit this cause of pediatric trauma. PMID:16421702

Lau, Stanley T; Lee, Yi-Horng; Hess, Donavon J; Brisseau, Guy F; Keleher, Graidi E; Caty, Michael G

2006-03-01

300

Cancer during pregnancy: a review of 10 years of experience.  

PubMed

Cancer is the second most common cause of death among women who are in reproductive ages; however it is not common during pregnancy. There are few numbers of documents concerning cancer and its related treatment outcomes and prognosis during pregnancy. The aim of this study was to review our experience about gestational cancer. In this retrospective chart review study, 25 pregnant women with any kind of diagnosed malignancy who attended hospitals in Uremia and Sanandaj city since 10 years ago were assessed. Cancer cases were verified by a pathologist using pathology and TNM system for tumors staging. Then survival duration was analyzed using Kaplan-Maier plot. From all, 10 women had gynecologic cancers and 15 had non-gynecologic cancers. Ovarian cancer was the most common malignancy. The mean of survival was 67 months for all patients (CI95%: 23.7-110.3), 67 months for gynecologic cancer group (CI95%: 40.2-93.8) and 69 months for non-gynecologic cancer group (CI95%: 0-159) (p = 0.51). According to the results, the cancer complaints and symptoms must be examined thoroughly and do not take them as pregnancy complications since delays in prognosis leads to more severe problems and makes treatment difficult. If cancer is treated carefully after three months of gestation, probably it won't have severe side effects for fetus. PMID:24163960

Eishi, Ali; Rahimi, Ezat; Akhavan, Setareh; Shahgaibi, Sholeh; Fariba, Farhadifar

2012-04-01

301

10 years of mouse cancer modifier loci: human relevance.  

PubMed

About 10 years have elapsed since the first whole-genome scanning studies in the mouse to identify loci that affect susceptibility or resistance to tumorigenesis. In that time, >100 cancer modifiers have been mapped, and four strong candidate genes have been identified. Cancer modifier loci affect almost all types of mouse tumorigenesis, with some loci acting on the entire tumorigenic process, whereas others act on specific stages, e.g., tumor initiation or tumor growth/progression. Present evidence indicates that the effects of cancer modifier loci are tissue-specific and restricted to tumor cells. However, a subset of such loci may be involved in different types of tumors, and several chromosomal regions show significant clustering of cancer modifier loci. Human homologues of mouse cancer modifier loci most likely exist and play a role in the risk of sporadic cancer, although present experimental evidence for this possibility is sparse. Mouse cancer modifier loci might serve as the basis for understanding the genetic and biochemical mechanisms of polygenic inheritance of cancer predisposition/resistance. Identification of homologous cancer modifier loci in humans might, in turn, provide a step toward the development of diagnostic, preventive, and therapeutic strategies that target these loci. PMID:12810618

Dragani, Tommaso A

2003-06-15

302

Blunt traumatic bladder rupture: a 10-year perspective.  

PubMed

The purpose of this study was to determine the incidence, features, and associated injuries of intraperitoneal (IP) and extraperitoneal (EP) bladder rupture (BR) resulting from blunt trauma. A retrospective study from September 2001 to August 2011 was performed for blunt traumatic BR in adults. Demographics, mean Injury Severity Score (ISS), mean length of stay (LOS), incidence, mortality, operative repair, and associated injuries were evaluated. Of 15,168 adult blunt trauma admissions over 10 years, 54 patients had BR (EP = 22, IP = 27, EP + IP = 5; incidence = 0.36%). Sixty-three per cent were male. The mean age, ISS, and LOS were 40 years, 29, and 15 days, respectively. The mortality rate was 11 per cent. Fifty-two per cent of BR was the result of a motor vehicle crash. Most BRs were diagnosed by computed tomography cystogram. Eighty per cent had pelvic fracture. Hollow viscus injury was present in 34.5 per cent of patients. Colonic injury was seen in 24 per cent and 9.3 per cent had a rectal injury. Although BR is rare in adult blunt trauma, it is associated with high ISS, LOS, and mortality. Pelvic fractures are essentially present in all patients with EP BR. Hollow viscus injuries, especially colonic and rectal injuries, are more prominent in IP BR. PMID:23711268

Matlock, Kinzie A; Tyroch, Alan H; Kronfol, Ziad N; McLean, Susan F; Pirela-Cruz, Miguel A

2013-06-01

303

Acute abdomen 10 years after surgery for duodenal ulcer disease.  

PubMed

A 55 years old male was admitted in the surgical unit of Dhaka Medical College & Hospital with the complaints of pain and discomfort in the upper abdomen for 1 day and hiccough and vomiting for several episodes for same duration. He had history of abdominal operation 10 years back for his peptic ulcer disease probably due to pyloric stenosis. On examination a linear scar mark was present along the upper midline region & visible peristalsis was seen on the left hypochondriac region. A palpable diffuse lump was present in the left hypochondriac region which was intraperitoneal seemed to be distended gut and the peristaltic wave moved from left to right. Endoscopy of upper GIT Showed loops of small intestine (evidenced by valvulae conneventes) protruded through a stoma suggestive of jejunogastric intussusception. Laparotomy revealed a portion of adherent small gut already become gangrenous so the whole portion of the intussuscepted gut was resected. After that revision and take-down of the anastomosis was done with vicryl stitches. The post operative period was uneventful. The patient underwent regular follow up. PMID:22561782

Ahmed, T; Ali, A A; Jahan, M

2012-04-01

304

Dnepr Launch Missions: 10 Years Experience of Internatio nal Cooperation  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

International Space Company "Kosmotras" (ISC "Kosmotras") was founded in 1997 by the decisions of the Russian Aviation and Space Agency and the National Space Agency of Ukraine. It incorporated leading space industries of Russia and Ukraine. The first Launch Contract was signed in 1998 and in 1999 Dnepr launch vehicle carrying SSTL UoSAT-12 spacecraft (SC) was launched. During 10 years of its activity in the launch services market, ISC "Kosmotras" has exercised 9 successful space launches as a result of which 39 SC were placed into orbit. The flight reliability of Dnepr Launch Vehicle (LV) is estimated as 0.97. Three configurations of Space Head Module (SHM) are available for payload accommodation: a standard- size SHM for multiple small satellite missions (cluster launches); a standard-size SHM for mid-size satellites; an extended SHM for large-size satellite. ISC "Kosmotras" exercises space launches from two launch bases: Baikonur Cosmodrome (Kazakhstan) and Yasny Launch Base (Russia). This allows flexible planning of launch operations.

Solovey, V. A.; Andreev, V. A.; Mikhailov, V. S.; Smagin, Y. N.; Kalnov, V. V.

2008-08-01

305

Jointly Sponsored Research Program. Final report  

SciTech Connect

The Jointly Sponsored Research Program (JSRP) is a US Department of Energy (DOE) program funded through the Office of Fossil Energy and administered at the Morgantown Energy Technology Center. Under this program, which has been in place since Fiscal Year 1990, DOE makes approximately $2.5 million available each year to the Energy and Environmental Research Center (EERC) to fund projects that are of current interest to industry but which still involve significant risk, thus requiring some government contribution to offset the risk if the research is to move forward. The program guidelines require that at least 50% of the project funds originate from nonfederal sources. Projects funded under the JSRP often originate under a complementary base program, which funds higher-risk projects. The projects funded in Fiscal Year 1996 addressed a wide range of Fossil Energy interests, including hot-gas filters for advanced power systems; development of cleaner, more efficient processing technologies; development of environmental control technologies; development of environmental remediation and reuse technologies; development of improved analytical techniques; and development of a beneficiation technique to broaden the use of high-sulfur coal. Descriptions and status for each of the projects funded during the past fiscal year are included in Section A of this document, Statement of Technical Progress.

NONE

1997-07-01

306

National Science Foundation Graduate Research Fellowship Program  

Microsoft Academic Search

The objective of the Graduate Research Fellowship Program (GRFP) of the National Science Foundation (NSF) is to support the vitality of the human resource base of science, mathematics, and engineering in the United States and to reinforce its diversity. Oak Ridge Associated Universities (ORAU) manages the GRFP application and review processes under contract to NSF.

Jeffrey Johnson

2002-01-01

307

Oil-fueled equipment research: program plan  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this document is to define the basis for a US Department of Energy (DOE) program for oil-fueled equipment research. The needs for an benefits of the technical research are explained, and a research plan is presented. This program was developed by Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL) with assistance from Steven Winters Associates and input from Brookhaven National Laboratory, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, and many representatives of the heating-oil and oil-fueled equipment industries. The private sector input was extensive, obtained through a series of workshops and formal and informal surveys. The planning effort was directed by the Building Equipment Division of the DOE Office of Buildings and Community Systems. The objective of the oil-fueled equipment research program is to develop the technological basis for new equipment and operating strategies based on improved understanding of oil-burning fundamentals. The program will provide the oil-fueled equipment industry with the basis for developing a new, high-tech generation of equipment, and the oil distributors and equipment installers and consumers with improved knowledge of how best to install and operate such equipment.

Hutchinson, R.A.

1986-09-01

308

DOE-EERC jointly sponsored research program.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Cooperative Agreement DE-FC21-93MC30098 funded through the Office of Fossil Energy and administered at the Federal Energy Technology Center (FETC) supported the performance of a Jointly Sponsored Research Program (JSRP) at ...

J. G. Hendrikson E. A. Sondreal

1999-01-01

309

National Shipbuilding Research Program, Welding Fume Study.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In anticipation of the lowering of OSHA permissible exposure limits (PEL) for several compounds found in welding fume in the near future, Panel SP- 7 of the National Shipbuilding Research Program contracted with DynCorp to identify and evaluate the econom...

1999-01-01

310

Advanced Research Projects Agency counterdrug program  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Department of Defense (DoD), in support of the National Drug Control Strategy, has designated that detecting and countering the production, trafficking and use of illegal drugs is a high priority national security mission. The Advanced Research Projects Agency (ARPA) Counterdrug Program is assisting DoD in this objective by developing technology and prototype systems to enhance the capabilities of the

John J. Pennella

1994-01-01

311

About RRP | Radiation Research Program (RRP)  

Cancer.gov

Participates in clinical, developmental, investigational, educational and extramural community-related activities of the Radiation Oncology Sciences Program, which includes the Radiation Oncology Branch and the Cancer Disparities Research Partnerships. Consults and collaborates with the Radiotherapy Development Branch and Medical Physics. In addition, participates in quality assurance activities, cooperative group liaisons, and on-site reviews of the NCI and NIH.

312

Extending the Jove Program Through Undergraduate Research.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The JOVE program was initiated in 1988 to develop NASA-related research capabilities in colleges and universities which had had little or no previous experience with NASA. Any institution which was not currently funded at more than $100 K annually by NASA...

G. R. Lebo

1996-01-01

313

Program for transfer research and impact studies  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The progress made in achieving TRIS research objectives during the first six months of 1972 is reviewed. The Tech Brief-Technical Support Package Program and technology transfer profiles are presented along with summaries of technology transfer in nondestructive testing, and visual display systems.

Kottenstette, J. P.; Rusnak, J. J.; Staskin, E. R.

1972-01-01

314

Staff List - Epidemiology and Genomics Research Program  

Cancer.gov

The Office of the Associate Director (OAD) develops and implements the mission and scientific and strategic agenda of the Epidemiology and Genetics Research Program (EGRP). Its functions include scientific cohort and consortia coordination, knowledge integration and management activities, grant portfolio management and evaluation, planning and budget management, and communications.

315

Applied Research Program - Privacy Policy & Disclaimers  

Cancer.gov

The Applied Research Program (ARP) respects the privacy of visitors to our Web site. We collect a limited amount of information on usage of the Web site for statistical purposes, in order to measure the number of visitors to the various sections of our site and to help us make our site more useful to visitors.

316

Human Research Program Integrated Research Plan. Revision C  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Crew health and performance are critical to successful human exploration beyond low Earth orbit. The Human Research Program (HRP) is essential to enabling extended periods of space exploration because it provides knowledge and tools to mitigate risks to human health and performance. Risks include physiological effects from radiation and hypogravity environments, as well as unique challenges in medical support, human factors, and behavioral or psychological factors. The Human Research Program (HRP) delivers human health and performance countermeasures, knowledge, technologies and tools to enable safe, reliable, and productive human space exploration. Without HRP results, NASA will face unknown and unacceptable risks for mission success and post-mission crew health. This Integrated Research Plan (IRP) describes (1) HRP's approach and research activities that are intended to address the needs of human space exploration and serve HRP customers and (2) the method of integration for risk mitigation. The scope of the IRP is limited to the activities that can be conducted with the resources available to the HRP; it does not contain activities that would be performed if additional resources were available. The timescale of human space exploration is envisioned to take many decades. The IRP illustrates the program s research plan through the timescale of early lunar missions of extended duration.

Steinberg, Susan

2011-01-01

317

The NASA High-Speed Research Program  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Since its inception, one of NASA's commitments has been to develop the technology to advance aeronautics. As such, a new High-Speed Research Program was activated to develop the technology for industry to build a High-Speed Civil Transport - a second generation Supersonic Transport (SST). The baseline for this program is the British Concorde, a major technological achievement for its time, but an aircraft which is now both technologically and economically outdated. Therefore, a second generation SST must satisfy environmental concerns and still be economically viable. In order to do this, it must have no significant effect on the ozone layer, meet Federal Air Regulation 36, Stage 3 for community noise, and have no perceptible sonic boom over populated areas. These three concerns are the focus of the research efforts in Phase 1 of the program and are the specific areas covered in the technical video report.

Beam, Sherilee F.

1992-01-01

318

Extending the JOVE Program through undergraduate research  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The JOVE program was initiated in 1988 to develop NASA-related research capabilities in colleges and universities which had had little or no previous experience with NASA. Any institution which was not currently funded at more than $100 K annually by NASA was eligible. In an open competition six universities were selected for participation in the first year. NASA supplied funds, access to its facilities and data, collaboration with its researchers and a hookup to the internet. In return the university was expected to match NASA's investment by giving its participating faculty members time off of their teaching schedules to perform research during the school year, by waiving it overhead charge and by putting up real funds to match those supplied by NASA. Each school was eligible for three years after which they were expected to seek funds from other sources. Over the span of the program more than 100 colleges and universities have participated. Fifteen have finished their eligiblity. Since one of the strong components of the program was the direct involvement of undergraduate students in active research, it was decided to develop a follow-on program which would provide stipends to undergraduate students at the institutions who had used up their JOVE eligiblity. NASA's desire to transfer its technologies to the private sector now permeates all of its programs. Therefore a Partnering Venture (PAVE) program is now being discussed in which JOVE-like rules will be applied to small companies which do not now do much business with NASA. The JOVE, PAVE, and other summer activities of the author are told here.

Lebo, George R.

1996-01-01

319

United States Weather Research Program (USWRP)  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

After more than a decade of development by a broad cross-section of the U.S. atmospheric research community involved in planning for the National STORM Program, the Subcommittee on Atmospheric Research (SAR) of the Committee on Earth and Environmental Science (CEES) led the development of a strategic plan to realize the objectives of STORM so as to improve our nation's capability to provide accurate short-term forecasts of weather. This strategic plan will guide the planning and implementation of what is now called the United States Weather Research Program (USWRP). The USWRP is charged with achieving operational atmospheric prediction based on mesoscale observations and model results and establishing the scientific and technological basis for global atmospheric mesoscale prediction by the year 2000. The key scientific questions that are addressed under USWRP are discussed.

Bhumralkar, Chandrakant

1993-01-01

320

High Frequency Active Auroral Research Program  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The High Frequency Active Auroral Research Program's (HAARP) website describes its purpose to provide "a research facility to conduct pioneering experiments in ionospheric phenomena". Visitors can learn about the many scientific instruments HAARP has for observing the earth's geophysical and electromagnetic fields such as the Imaging Riometer and the Induction Magnetometer. Researchers can view charts representing the data collected by these instruments as well as learn about the HAARP's goal to foster cooperative research among universities, the private sector, and the U.S. government. Users can take virtual tours of the Antenna Array, Control Room, and other HAARP facilities. Students and educators can learn why ionospheric research is important for communication and navigation purposes.

321

Non operative management of abdominal trauma - a 10 years review  

PubMed Central

Introduction Due to high rate of operative mortality and morbidity non-operative management of blunt liver and spleen trauma was widely accepted in stable pediatric patients, but the general surgeons were skeptical to adopt it for adults. The current study is analysis of so far largest sample (1071) of hemodynamically stable blunt liver, spleen, kidney and pancreatic trauma patients managed non operatively irrespective of severity of a single /multiple solid organ injury or other associated injuries with high rate of success. Methods Experience of 1071 blunt abdominal trauma patients treated by NOM at a tertiary care National Trauma Centre in Oman (from Jan 2001 to Dec 2011) was reviewed, analyzed to determine the indications, methods and results of NOM. Hemodynamic stability along with ultra sound, CT scan and repeated clinical examination were the sheet anchors of NOM. The patients were grouped as (1) managed by NOM successfully, (2) failure of NOM and (3) directly subjected to surgery. Results During the 10 year period, 5400 polytrauma patients were evaluated for abdominal trauma of which 1285 had abdominal injuries, the largest sample study till date. Based on initial findings 1071 patients were admitted for NOM. Out of 1071 patients initially selected 963 (89.91%) were managed non operatively, the remaining 108 (10.08%) were subjected to laparotomy due to failure of NOM. Laparotomy was performed on 214(19.98%) patients as they were unstable on admission or had evidence of hollow viscous injury. Conclusion NOM for blunt abdominal injuries was found to be highly successful in 89.98% of the patients in our study. Management depended on clinical and hemodynamic stability of the patient. A patient under NOM should be admitted to intensive care / high dependency for at least 48-72 hours for close monitoring of vital signs, repeated clinical examinations and follow up investigations as indicated.

2013-01-01

322

[Cardiac factors predictive of 10-year survival after coronary surgery].  

PubMed

Although the predictive factors of postoperative mortality after coronary artery surgery are well known, those predictive of long-term survival have received less attention. This study reviews the outcome of a group of 480 patients between 50 and 65 years of age, operated between 1984 and 1986. The patients were classified in two groups according to the presence or absence of internal mammary artery bypass grafts: Group I (304 patients with saphenous vein bypass grafts alone) and group II (176 patients with an internal mammary artery +/- saphenous vein bypass grafts). The long-term results were assessed according to 3 criteria: isolated cardiac mortality: cardiac mortality associated with a repeat revascularisation procedure and cardiac mortality associated with reoperation or recurrence of angina. Cardiac survival at 10 years was significantly better after internal mammary-LAD bypass: 91.4% (CI 87.1-95.1) than after saphenous vein bypass grafting alone: 79.6% (CI 74.8-84.4) (p = 0.012). Univariate analysis identified the following poor predictive factors: three vessel disease (p = 0.03), preoperative left ventricular dysfunction with an ejection fraction inferior to 45% (p = 0.0001), incomplete revascularisation (p = 0.0003), use of venous bypass graft alone (p < 0.014) and perioperative infarction (p = 0.0254). For each criterion of survival (cardiac isolated or associated with a new revascularisation and/or recurrence of angina), multivariate analysis identified three independent predictive factors of long-term extramortality: not using internal mammary artery-LAD bypass graft, incomplete revascularisation and preoperative hypertension. This study confirms the beneficial effects of internal mammary-LAD artery grafting on long-term survival after coronary artery surgery, and also demonstrates the prejudicial effects of hypertension. PMID:10443305

Fournial, G; Fourcade, J; Roux, D; Garcia, O; Sauer, M; Glock, Y

1999-07-01

323

Fontan completions over 10 years after Glenn procedures.  

PubMed

Objective: Despite the broadened indications for Fontan procedure, there are patients who could not proceed to Fontan procedure because of the strict Fontan criteria during the early period. Some patients suffer from post-Glenn complications such as hypoxia, arrhythmia, or fatigue with exertion long after the Glenn procedure. We explored the possibility of Fontan completion for those patients. Methods: Between 2004 and 2010, five consecutive patients aged between 13 and 31 years (median 21) underwent Fontan completion. These patients had been followed up for more than 10 years (10 to 13, median 11) after Glenn procedure as non-Fontan candidates. We summarise these patients retrospectively in terms of their pre-operative physiological condition, surgical strategy, and problems that these patients hold. Results: Pre-operative catheterisation showed pulmonary vascular resistance ranging from 0.9 to 3.7 (median 2.2), pulmonary to systemic flow ratio of 0.3 to 1.6 (median 0.9), and two patients had significant aortopulmonary collaterals. Extracardiac total cavopulmonary connections were performed in three patients, lateral tunnel total cavopulmonary connection in one patient, and intracardiac total cavopulmonary connection in one patient, without a surgical fenestration. Concomitant surgeries were required including valve surgeries - atrioventricular valve plasty in three patients and tricuspid valve replacement in one patient; systemic outflow tract obstruction release - Damus-Kaye-Stansel procedure in two patients and subaortic stenosis resection in one patient; and anti-arrhythmic therapies - maze procedure in two patients, cryoablation in two patients, and pacemaker implantation in two patients. All patients are now in New York Heart Association category I. Conclusion: Patients often suffer from post-Glenn complications. Of those, if they are re-examined carefully, some may have a chance to undergo Fontan completion and benefit from it. Multiple lesions such as atrioventricular valve regurgitation, systemic outflow obstruction, or arrhythmia should be surgically repaired concomitantly. PMID:23534476

Sughimoto, Koichi; Matsuo, Kozo; Niwa, Koichiro; Kawasoe, Yasutaka; Tateno, Shigeru; Shirai, Takeaki; Kabasawa, Masashi; Ohba, Masanao

2014-04-01

324

30 CFR 402.6 - Water-Resources Research Program.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Water-Resources Research Program. 402.6 Section...GEOLOGICAL SURVEY, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR WATER-RESOURCES RESEARCH PROGRAM AND THE WATER-RESOURCES TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT PROGRAM...

2013-07-01

325

Fiscal Year 1988 Program Report: Michigan Institute of Water Research.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The major thrust of the Michigan Institute of Water Research during the 1988 program year involved its research program, statewide water resources planning activities, use of geographic information systems and the technology transfer program. Water manage...

J. F. Bartholic F. M. D'Itri

1989-01-01

326

Advanced Research and Technology Development Fossil Energy Materials Program.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Advanced Research and Technology Development (AR and TD) Fossil Energy Materials Program is a multifaceted materials research and development program sponsored by the Office of Fossil Energy of the US Department of Energy. The program is administered ...

R. R. Judkins R. A. Bradley

1987-01-01

327

30 CFR 402.6 - Water-Resources Research Program.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Water-Resources Research Program. 402.6 Section...GEOLOGICAL SURVEY, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR WATER-RESOURCES RESEARCH PROGRAM AND THE WATER-RESOURCES TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT PROGRAM...

2011-07-01

328

30 CFR 402.6 - Water-Resources Research Program.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Water-Resources Research Program. 402.6 Section...GEOLOGICAL SURVEY, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR WATER-RESOURCES RESEARCH PROGRAM AND THE WATER-RESOURCES TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT PROGRAM...

2012-07-01

329

SMART-1 SIR: review of results and legacy after 10 years  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

With SMART-1, launched on 27 September 2003, ESA opened with the Small Missions for Advanced Research and Technology program, the possibility for European space-based lunar science to take off. Primarily built to demonstrate the capability of the Solar Electric Primary Propulsion (SEP) System for future ESA cornerstone missions, the satellite carried instruments and experiments to test new technologies for future missions. Among those experiments, the SIR experiment, a grating, near-infrared point-spectrometer was built as a compact low mass (2 kg) instrument, designed to measure reflectance spectra of the lunar surface on the SMART-1 spacecraft in the wavelength range between 900 and 2400 nm, with the goal to investigate the Moon's mineralogical composition. SIR's great advantages compared to ground-based instrumentation was its high spatial resolution, its ability of observe the lunar far side and the fact that space- based observations would generate reflectance spectra that would not be affected by atmospheric absorptions and emission lines. Compared with the Clementine multi-color-data, SIR could measure complete spectra with a much higher spectral resolution, thus allowing for an accurate determination of the positions of the mineral absorption bands. SIR collected data until the end of the mission on 3 September 2006. We will review some of the results which originated from the 28 million spectra taken during the SIR-1 mission, report on insights gained with the SIR experiment on SMART-1, explain what role it played for the developments of the SIR-2 experiment flown on Chandrayaan-1, and show what progress NIR lunar spectroscopy has made in those 10 years.

Mall, Urs

2014-05-01

330

DOE (Department of Energy) Epidemiologic Research Program  

SciTech Connect

The objective of the Department of Energy (DOE) Epidemiologic Research Program is to determine the human health effects resulting from the generation and use of energy, and of the operation of DOE facilities. The program is divided into seven general areas of activity; the Radiation Effects Research Foundation (RERF) which supports studies of survivors of the atomic weapons in Hiroshima and Nagasaki, mortality and morbidity studies of DOE workers, studies on internally deposited alpha emitters, medical/histologic studies, studies on the aspects of radiation damage, community health surveillance studies, and the development of computational techniques and of databases to make the results as widely useful as possible. Excluding the extensive literature from the RERF, the program has produced 340 publications in scientific journals, contributing significantly to improving the understanding of the health effects of ionizing radiation exposure. In addition, a large number of public presentations were made and are documented elsewhere in published proceedings or in books. The purpose of this bibliography is to present a guide to the research results obtained by scientists supported by the program. The bibliography, which includes doctoral theses, is classified by laboratory and by year and also summarizes the results from individual authors by journal.

Not Available

1990-01-01

331

Human Research Program Requirements Document (Revision C)  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The purpose of this document is to define, document, and allocate the Human Research Program (HRP) requirements to the HRP Program Elements. It establishes the flow-down of requirements from Exploration Systems Mission Directorate (ESMD) and Office of the Chief Health and Medical Officer (OCHMO) to the various Program Elements of the HRP to ensure that human research and technology countermeasure investments are made to insure the delivery of countermeasures and technologies that satisfy ESMD's and OCHMO's exploration mission requirements. Requirements driving the HRP work and deliverables are derived from the exploration architecture, as well as Agency standards regarding the maintenance of human health and performance. Agency human health and performance standards will define acceptable risk for each type and duration of exploration mission. It is critical to have the best available scientific and clinical evidence in setting and validating these standards. In addition, it is imperative that the best available evidence on preventing and mitigating human health and performance risks is incorporated into exploration mission and vehicle designs. These elements form the basis of the HRP research and technology development requirements and highlight the importance of HRP investments in enabling NASA's exploration missions. This PRD defines the requirements of the HRP which is comprised of the following major Program Elements: Behavioral Health and Performance (BHP), Exploration Medical Capability (ExMC), Human Health Countermeasures (HHC), ISS Medical Project (ISSMP), Space Human Factors and Habitability (SHFH), and Space Radiation (SR).

Vargas, Paul R.

2009-01-01

332

X-29 flight-research program  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The X-29A aircraft is the first manned, experimental high-performance aircraft to be fabricated and flown in many years. The approach for expanding the X-29 flight envelope and collecting research data is described including the methods for monitoring wind divergence, flutter, and aeroservoelastic coupling of the aerodynamic forces with the structure and the flight-control system. Examples of the type of flight data to be acquired are presented along with types of aircraft maneuvers that will be flown. A brief description of the program management structure is also presented and the program schedule is discussed.

Putnam, T. W.

1984-01-01

333

Organ Site-Specific SPOREs | Translational Research Program (TRP)  

Cancer.gov

This application for continuation of the Specialized Program of Research Excellence (SPORE) in Gastrointestinal Cancer at the Sidney Kimmel Comprehensive Cancer Center at Johns Hopkins supports a highly interactive, multidisciplinary, and interinstitutional program. Five research projects within three research themes, four cores, a career development and a research developmental program are proposed to extend our translational research in colorectal and pancreatic cancer.

334

The Career Development Program at Du Pont's Pioneering Research Laboratory.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the Career Development Program, designed to help professional employees accept responsibility for their own careers, located at Du Pont's Pioneering Research Laboratory. Covers the concepts governing the program, program elements, and working with management to address program goals. (CH)

Nusbaum, H. J.

1986-01-01

335

RESEARCH FOR THE USGS DIGITAL CARTOGRAPHY PROGRAM.  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The U. S. Geological Survey National Mapping Division (NMD) has been conducting research and development in digital cartography since the early seventies. Since 1977 there has been an acceleration of activities associated with establishing a National Digital Cartographic Data Base (NDCDB). The NMD Office of Research is primarily responsible for fundamental and applied research together with systems development and technical standards to support the digital cartographic program. Three phases of development have been defined - the current system, an optimum system that can be built with current technology, and a future system that could be defined after some basic research is completed. Some of the current projects related to automated data capture, editing, coding, and structuring are described together with a perspective on future directions. The overall rationale is to develop a very large integrated system that will support a NDCDB and lead toward operational geographic information systems.

McEwen, Robert, B.; Starr, Lowell, E.

1984-01-01

336

The US Long Term Ecological Research Program  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This peer-reviewed article from BioScience describes Long Term Ecological Research program in the US. The 24 projects of the National Science Foundation's Long Term Ecological Research Network, whose sites range from the poles to the Tropics, from rain forests to tundras and deserts, and from offshore marine to estuarine and freshwater habitats, address fundamental and applied ecological issues that can be understood only through a long-term approach. Each project addresses different ecological questions; even the scale of research differs across sites. Projects in the network are linked by the requirement for some research at each site on five core areas, including primary production, decomposition, and trophic dynamics, and by cross-site comparisons, which are aided by the universally available databases. Many species and environmental variables are studied, and a wide range of synthetic results have been generated.

JOHN E. HOBBIE, STEPHEN R. CARPENTER, NANCY B. GRIMM, JAMES R. GOSZ, and TIMOTHY R. SEASTEDT (;)

2003-01-01

337

Computational Fluid Dynamics Program at NASA Ames Research Center.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) Program at NASA Ames Research Center is reviewed and discussed. The technical elements of the CFD Program are listed and briefly discussed. These elements include algorithm research, research and pilot code developme...

T. L. Holst

1989-01-01

338

NASA Lewis Research Center/University Graduate Research Program on Engine Structures  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

NASA Lewis Research Center established a graduate research program in support of the Engine Structures Research activities. This graduate research program focuses mainly on structural and dynamics analyses, computational mechanics, mechanics of composites and structural optimization. The broad objectives of the program, the specific program, the participating universities and the program status are briefly described.

Chamis, C. C.

1985-01-01

339

Experiences from 10 years of school programmes at GEOMAR Kiel  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

GEOMAR Helmholtz Centre for Ocean Research Kiel, Germany, started a programme of cooperations with secondary schools in 2003, which has been expanding continually since that time. By active involvement of teachers and students, the Centre's research topics are communicated to schools, and young people are encouraged to develop their interest for biogeosciences. The portfolio of activities includes: project work with schools over periods from one day to several months, individual student theses at the research centre, internships, a weekly "Research Club" allowing individual experiments, summer school programmes, teacher training courses, joint activities with international partners and a video-project in which students portray scientific aspects of oceanic oxygen minimum zones (in the context of the Collaborative Research Center SFB 754) to other students. Essential prerequisites for these activities are the direct involvement of the Centre's researchers who contribute their expertise and act as role-models for the students, dedicated staff for coordination and continuity, and financial and structural support both at the research centre and the schools.

Dengg, Joachim

2014-05-01

340

Sandia combustion research program: Annual report, 1987  

SciTech Connect

More than a decade ago, in response to a national energy crisis, Sandia proposed to the US Department of Energy a new, ambitious program in combustion research. Our strategy was to apply the rapidly increasing capabilities in lasers and computers to combustion science and technology. Shortly thereafter, the Combustion Research Facility (CRF) was established at Sandia's Livermore location. Designated a ''User Facility,'' the charter of the CRF was to develop and maintain special-purpose resources to support a nationwide initiative--involving US universities, industry, and national laboratories--to improve our understanding and control of combustion. This report includes descriptions of several research projects which have been stimulated by Working Groups and involve the on-site participation of industry scientists. DOE's Industry Technology Fellowship Program has been instrumental in the success of some of the joint efforts. The remainder of this report presents research results of calendar year 1987, separated thematically into nine categories. Refereed journal articles appearing in print during 1987, along with selected other publications, are included at the end of Section 10. In addition to our ''traditional'' research--chemistry, reacting flow, diagnostics, engine combustion, and coal combustion--you will note continued progress in somewhat recent themes: pulse combustion, high temperature materials, and energetic materials, for example. Moreover, we have just started a small, new effort to understand combustion-related issues in the management of toxic and hazardous materials.

Palmer, R.E.; Sanders, B.R.; Ivanetich, C.A. (eds.)

1988-01-01

341

Russian Earth Science Research Program on ISS  

SciTech Connect

Version of the Russian Earth Science Research Program on the Russian segment of ISS is proposed. The favorite tasks are selected, which may be solved with the use of space remote sensing methods and tools and which are worthwhile for realization. For solving these tasks the specialized device sets (submodules), corresponding to the specific of solved tasks, are working out. They would be specialized modules, transported to the ISS. Earth remote sensing research and ecological monitoring (high rates and large bodies transmitted from spaceborne information, comparatively stringent requirements to the period of its processing, etc.) cause rather high requirements to the ground segment of receiving, processing, storing, and distribution of space information in the interests of the Earth natural resources investigation. Creation of the ground segment has required the development of the interdepartmental data receiving and processing center. Main directions of works within the framework of the ISS program are determined.

Armand, N. A.; Tishchenko, Yu. G. [Institute of Radioengineering and Electronics RAS, Moscow (Russian Federation)

1999-01-22

342

Commercial nuclear waste research and development program  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Westinghouse Advanced Energy Systems Division Nevada Operations, under contract to the US Department of Energy, provides trained personnel and services at the E-MAD Facility required for nuclear materials handling, packaging, data gathering, and other related activities in support of the Commercial Nuclear Waste Research and Development Programs. Support is provided to research programs, including: Waste packaging experiments, spent fuel test - Climax (SFT-C), Hanford Near Surface Test Facility (NSTF), Tests of spent reactor fuel interim handling and storage, tests to assess safety of transport systems for spent reactor fuel and solidified high level nuclear waste, and other special waste package development and handling tests as requested by the DOE. Activities reported were performed to meet subtask objectives of the Nevada Nuclear Waste Storage Investigation (NNWSI) planning documentation for Fiscal Year 1982.

Hakl, A. R.

1982-04-01

343

Suborbital Science Program: Dryden Flight Research Center  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This viewgraph presentation reviews the suborbital science program at NASA Dryden Flight Research Center. The Program Objectives are given in various areas: (1) Satellite Calibration and Validation (Cal/val)--Provide methods to perform the cal/val requirements for Earth Observing System satellites; (2) New Sensor Development -- Provide methods to reduce risk for new sensor concepts and algorithm development prior to committing sensors to operations; (3) Process Studies -- Facilitate the acquisition of high spatial/temporal resolution focused measurements that are required to understand small atmospheric and surface structures which generate powerful Earth system effects; and (4) Airborne Networking -- Develop disruption-tolerant networking to enable integrated multiple scale measurements of critical environmental features. Dryden supports the NASA Airborne Science Program and the nation in several elements: ER-2, G-3, DC-8, Ikhana (Predator B) & Global Hawk and Reveal. These are reviewed in detail in the presentation.

DelFrate, John

2008-01-01

344

Publications, Reports, Workshops | Radiation Research Program (RRP)  

Cancer.gov

A one and one-half day workshop to assess the current state of the science in neutron capture therapy (NCT) was convened at the request of the Radiation Research Program, Division of Cancer Treatment and Diagnosis, NCI, and the U.S. Department of Energy. The topics were primarily clinical with physics, chemistry, and biology relevant to immediate trials discussed. The morning of the first day was directed to updates on epithermal neutron sources, chemistry of medicinal boron compounds, and preclinical studies.

345

Laboratory Directed Research and Development Program  

SciTech Connect

Today, new ideas and opportunities, fostering the advancement of technology, are occurring at an ever-increasing rate. It, therefore, seems appropriate that a vehicle be available which fosters the development of these new ideas and technologies, promotes the early exploration and exploitation of creative and innovative concepts, and which develops new fundable'' R D projects and programs. At Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL), one such method is through its Laboratory Directed Research and Development (LDRD) Program. This discretionary research and development tool is critical in maintaining the scientific excellence and vitality of the Laboratory. Additionally, it is a means to stimulate the scientific community, fostering new science and technology ideas, which is the major factor achieving and maintaining staff excellence, and a means to address national needs, with the overall mission of the Department of Energy (DOE) and the Brookhaven National Laboratory. The Project Summaries with their accomplishments described in this report reflect the above. Aside from leading to new fundable or promising programs and producing especially noteworthy research, they have resulted in numerous publications in various professional and scientific journals, and presentations at meetings and forums.

Ogeka, G.J.

1991-12-01

346

Providing Opportunities for Interdisciplinary Research through Partnering two Undergraduate Research Programs: RESESS and SOARS  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Undergraduate research provides a unique opportunity to explore scientifically novel questions, particularly those at the intersection of disciplines. This opportunity should be balanced with the need to provide the strong discipline-based training that undergraduate students require to continue their academic careers. This need for balance is especially acute for students from groups who are historically under-represented in geosciences; their status as minorities and women makes them especially vulnerable to the devaluing of their research if it isn't along traditional lines. Combining undergraduate research with a strong, diverse learning community is one way to balance the opportunity of interdisciplinary research with the need for depth of understanding in a field. In this model, students individually pursue focused research in partnership with a particular scientist as they work collaboratively across disciplines to prepare scientific papers, presentations, and posters to share the results of their research. Over time, programmatic success can even help insulate students from the risks of interdisciplinary work. Research Experience for Students in Solid Earth Science (RESESS) and Significant Opportunities in Atmospheric Science (SOARS) implement this approach. SOARS is a program with a 10-year history in the atmospheric science; RESESS is a new program focused on Solid Earth Sciences. The two currently collaborate by merging their learning communities while maintaining distinct research focuses. While still in the pilot phase of partnering, initial discussions by the student participants indicate a growing awareness of potential for cross-disciplinary collaboration. In fact, two projects, both by graduate students who have participated for multiple summers, straddle the disciplines of geology and meteorology. One project characterized dust storms in the Southwest US using remote sensing, and a second project studied wind-driven migration of sand dunes on the Navajo Nation. Based on the RESESS/SOARS partnership in 2005 and plans for a three-year collaboration, we describe the ongoing process of navigating the partnership and developing a cohesive learning community. We also provide evidence of the growing acceptance of interdisciplinary research within the SOARS and RESESS students and the scientists who work with them.

Pandya, R. E.; Eriksson, S. C.

2005-12-01

347

Assessment of the Impact of the Kansas IDeA Network of Biomedical Research Excellence Program on Undergraduate Participation in Research  

PubMed Central

The Kansas IDeA Network of Biomedical Research Excellence (K-INBRE) was established in 2001 and is a network of 10 higher-education institutions in Kansas and northern Oklahoma. The program is funded by the Institutional Development Award (IDeA) program of the National Institutes of Health (NIH). As part of the program’s goal to enhance the research infrastructure in Kansas, a training program was developed to encourage undergraduates to participate in biomedical research. From September 2002 to May 2012, the K-INBRE supported 731 students at 10 institutions. Although 16% of student participants in the program are still undergraduates, 323 of our students have gone into biomedical graduate school or medical school programs. Thirty-seven percent of all the completed students have matriculated into graduate programs and 19% of our completed students went to medical school. Moreover, 12% have gone into other health-related professions. One percent of our students who went into medical school programs are in highly prestigious MD/PhD programs. In the fall of 2011, we surveyed participants from the last 10 years about career choices and the impact of the K-INBRE program on those students. Two hundred twenty-four former and current students responded to the survey with a consensus of high impact of the K-INBRE program on student training, career choices, and perceptions about research.

Chapes, Stephen K.; Velasquez, Sarah E.

2013-01-01

348

NASA's aviation safety research and technology program  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Aviation safety is challenged by the practical necessity of compromising inherent factors of design, environment, and operation. If accidents are to be avoided these factors must be controlled to a degree not often required by other transport modes. The operational problems which challenge safety seem to occur most often in the interfaces within and between the design, the environment, and operations where mismatches occur due to ignorance or lack of sufficient understanding of these interactions. Under this report the following topics are summarized: (1) The nature of operating problems, (2) NASA aviation safety research, (3) clear air turbulence characterization and prediction, (4) CAT detection, (5) Measurement of Atmospheric Turbulence (MAT) Program, (6) Lightning, (7) Thunderstorm gust fronts, (8) Aircraft ground operating problems, (9) Aircraft fire technology, (10) Crashworthiness research, (11) Aircraft wake vortex hazard research, and (12) Aviation safety reporting system.

Fichtl, G. H.

1977-01-01

349

Research for Lunar Exploration: ADVANCE Program  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This viewgraph presentation reviews the work that the author has been involved with in her undergraduate and graduate education and the ADVANCE Program. One project was the Lunar Entry and Approach Platform For Research On Ground (LEAPFROG). This vehicle was to be a completely autonomous vehicle, and was developed in successive academic years with increases in the perofmamnce and capability of the simulated lander. Another research project for the PhD was on long-term lunar radiation degradation of materials to be used for construction of lunar habitats. This research has concentrated on developing and testing light-weight composite materials with high strength characteristics, and the ability of these composite materials to withstand the lunar radiation environment.

Rojdev, Kristina

2009-01-01

350

Summer High School Apprenticeship Research Program (SHARP)  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The summer of 1997 will not only be noted by NASA for the mission to Mars by the Pathfinder but also for the 179 brilliant apprentices that participated in the SHARP Program. Apprentice participation increased 17% over last year's total of 153 participants. As indicated by the End-of-the-Program Evaluations, 96% of the programs' participants rated the summer experience from very good to excellent. The SHARP Management Team began the year by meeting in Cocoa Beach, Florida for the annual SHARP Planning Conference. Participants strengthened their Education Division Computer Aided Tracking System (EDCATS) skills, toured the world-renowned Kennedy Space Center, and took a journey into space during the Alien Encounter Exercise. The participants returned to their Centers with the same goals and objectives in mind. The 1997 SHARP Program goals were: (1) Utilize NASA's mission, unique facilities and specialized workforce to provide exposure, education, and enrichment experiences to expand participants' career horizons and inspire excellence in formal education and lifelong learning. (2) Develop and implement innovative education reform initiatives which support NASA's Education Strategic Plan and national education goals. (3) Utilize established statistical indicators to measure the effectiveness of SHARP's program goals. (4) Explore new recruiting methods which target the student population for which SHARP was specifically designed. (5) Increase the number of participants in the program. All of the SHARP Coordinators reported that the goals and objectives for the overall program as well as their individual program goals were achieved. Some of the goals and objectives for the Centers were: (1) To increase the students' awareness of science, mathematics, engineering, and computer technology; (2) To provide students with the opportunity to broaden their career objectives; and (3) To expose students to a variety of enrichment activities. Most of the Center goals and objectives were consistent with the overall program goals. Modem Technology Systems, Inc., was able to meet the SHARP Apprentices, Coordinators and Mentors during their site visits to Stennis Space Center, Ames Research Center and Dryden Flight Research Center. All three Centers had very efficient programs and adhered to SHARP's general guidelines and procedures. MTSI was able to meet the apprentices from the other Centers via satellite in July during the SHARP Video-Teleconference(ViTS). The ViTS offered the apprentices and the NASA and SHARP Coordinators the opportunity to introduce themselves. The apprentices from each Center presented topical "Cutting Edge Projects". Some of the accomplishments for the 1997 SHARP Program year included: MTSI hiring apprentices from four of the nine NASA Centers, the full utilization of the EDCATS by apprentices and NASA/SHARP Coordinators, the distribution of the SHARP Apprentice College and Scholarship Directory, a reunion with former apprentices from Langley Research Center and the development of a SHARP Recruitment Poster. MTSI developed another exciting newsletter containing graphics and articles submitted by the apprentices and the SHARP Management Team.

1997-01-01

351

Resilience does matter: evidence from a 10-year cohort record linkage study  

PubMed Central

Objectives To examine 10-year mortality and hospital use among individuals categorised as resilient and vulnerable to the impact of chronic pain. Design A cohort record linkage study. Setting Grampian, Scotland. Participants 5858 individuals from the Grampian Pain Cohort, established in 1996, were linked, by probability matching, with national routinely collected datasets. Main outcome measures HRs for subsequent 10-year mortality and ORs/incidence rate ratios for subsequent 10-year hospital use, each with adjustment for potential confounding variables. Results 36.5% of those with high pain intensity reported a low pain-related disability (categorised resilient) and 7.1% of those reporting low pain intensity reported a high pain-related disability (categorised vulnerable). Sex, age, housing, employment and long-term limiting illness were independently associated with being vulnerable or resilient. After adjustment for these variables, individuals in the resilient group were 25% less likely to die within 10?years of the survey compared with non-resilient individuals: HR 0.75, 95% CI 0.62 to 0.91 and vulnerable individuals were 45% more likely to die than non-vulnerable individuals: HR 1.45, 95% CI 1.01 to 2.11. Resilient individuals were less likely to have had an outpatient or day-case visit for anaesthetics: OR 0.46, 95% CI 0.27 to 0.79, but no other clinical specialities. Vulnerable individuals were significantly less likely to have had any outpatient or day-case visit (OR 0.43, 0.25 to 0.75); but more likely to have had a psychiatric visit (OR 1.96, 1.06 to 3.61). No significant differences in likelihood of any inpatient visits were found. Conclusions Resilient individuals have a better 10-year survival than non-resilient individuals indicating that resilience is a phenomenon worth researching. Further research is needed to explore who is likely to become resilient, why and how, as well as to tease out the internal and external factors that influence resilience.

Elliott, Alison M; Burton, Christopher D; Hannaford, Philip C

2014-01-01

352

Mixtures research at NIEHS: an evolving program.  

PubMed

The National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS) has a rich history in evaluating the toxicity of mixtures. The types of mixtures assessed by the Division of the National Toxicology Program (DNTP) and the extramural community (through the Division of Extramural Research and Training, DERT) have included a broad range of chemicals and toxicants, with each study having a unique set of questions and design considerations. Some examples of the types of mixtures studied include: groundwater contaminants, pesticides/fertilizers, dioxin-like chemicals (assessing the toxic equivalency approach), drug combinations, air pollution, metals, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, technical mixtures (e.g., pentachlorophenol, flame retardants), and mixed entities (e.g., herbals, asbestos). These endeavors have provided excellent data on the toxicity of specific mixtures and have been informative to the human health risk assessment process in general (e.g., providing data on low dose exposures to environmental chemicals). However, the mixtures research effort at NIEHS, to date, has been driven by test article nominations to the DNTP or by investigator-initiated research through DERT. Recently, the NIEHS has embarked upon an effort to coordinate mixtures research across both intramural and extramural divisions in order to maximize mixtures research results. A path forward for NIEHS mixtures research will be based on feedback from a Request for Information (RFI) designed to gather up-to-date views on the knowledge gaps and roadblocks to evaluating mixtures and performing cumulative risk assessment, and a workshop organized to bring together mixtures experts from risk assessment, exposure science, biology, epidemiology, and statistics. The future of mixtures research at NIEHS will include projects from nominations to DNTP, studies by extramural investigators, and collaborations across government agencies that address high-priority questions in the field of mixtures research. PMID:23146757

Rider, Cynthia V; Carlin, Danielle J; Devito, Micheal J; Thompson, Claudia L; Walker, Nigel J

2013-11-16

353

Dryden Flight Research Center Chemical Pharmacy Program  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Dryden Flight Research Center (DFRC) Chemical Pharmacy "Crib" is a chemical sharing system which loans chemicals to users, rather than issuing them or having each individual organization or group purchasing the chemicals. This cooperative system of sharing chemicals eliminates multiple ownership of the same chemicals and also eliminates stockpiles. Chemical management duties are eliminated for each of the participating organizations. The chemical storage issues, hazards and responsibilities are eliminated. The system also ensures safe storage of chemicals and proper disposal practices. The purpose of this program is to reduce the total releases and transfers of toxic chemicals. The initial cost of the program to DFRC was $585,000. A savings of $69,000 per year has been estimated for the Center. This savings includes the reduced costs in purchasing, disposal and chemical inventory/storage responsibilities. DFRC has chemicals stored in 47 buildings and at 289 locations. When the program is fully implemented throughout the Center, there will be three chemical locations at this facility. The benefits of this program are the elimination of chemical management duties; elimination of the hazard associated with chemical storage; elimination of stockpiles; assurance of safe storage; assurance of proper disposal practices; assurance of a safer workplace; and more accurate emissions reports.

Davis, Bette

1997-01-01

354

Environmental research program. 1995 Annual report  

SciTech Connect

The objective of the Environmental Research Program is to enhance the understanding of, and mitigate the effects of pollutants on health, ecological systems, global and regional climate, and air quality. The program is multidisciplinary and includes fundamental research and development in efficient and environmentally benign combustion, pollutant abatement and destruction, and novel methods of detection and analysis of criteria and noncriteria pollutants. This diverse group conducts investigations in combustion, atmospheric and marine processes, flue-gas chemistry, and ecological systems. Combustion chemistry research emphasizes modeling at microscopic and macroscopic scales. At the microscopic scale, functional sensitivity analysis is used to explore the nature of the potential-to-dynamics relationships for reacting systems. Rate coefficients are estimated using quantum dynamics and path integral approaches. At the macroscopic level, combustion processes are modelled using chemical mechanisms at the appropriate level of detail dictated by the requirements of predicting particular aspects of combustion behavior. Parallel computing has facilitated the efforts to use detailed chemistry in models of turbulent reacting flow to predict minor species concentrations.

Brown, N.J.

1996-06-01

355

Gas Hydrates Research Programs: An International Review  

SciTech Connect

Gas hydrates sediments have the potential of providing a huge amount of natural gas for human use. Hydrate sediments have been found in many different regions where the required temperature and pressure conditions have been satisfied. Resource exploitation is related to the safe dissociation of the gas hydrate sediments. Basic depressurization techniques and thermal stimulation processes have been tried in pilot efforts to exploit the resource. There is a growing interest in gas hydrates all over the world due to the inevitable decline of oil and gas reserves. Many different countries are interested in this valuable resource. Unsurprisingly, developed countries with limited energy resources have taken the lead in worldwide gas hydrates research and exploration. The goal of this research project is to collect information in order to record and evaluate the relative strengths and goals of the different gas hydrates programs throughout the world. A thorough literature search about gas hydrates research activities has been conducted. The main participants in the research effort have been identified and summaries of their past and present activities reported. An evaluation section discussing present and future research activities has also been included.

Jorge Gabitto; Maria Barrufet

2009-12-09

356

NASA Glenn Research Center's Hypersonic Propulsion Program  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

NASA Glenn Research Center (GRC), as NASA's lead center for aeropropulsion, is responding to the challenge of reducing the cost of space transportation through the integration of air-breathing propulsion into launch vehicles. Air- breathing launch vehicle (ABLV) propulsion requires a marked departure from traditional propulsion applications. and stretches the technology of both rocket and air-breathing propulsion. In addition, the demands of the space launch mission require an unprecedented level of integration of propulsion and vehicle systems. GRC is responding with a program with rocket-based combined cycle (RBCC) propulsion technology as its main focus. RBCC offers the potential for simplicity, robustness, and performance that may enable low-cost single-stage-to-orbit (SSTO) transportation. Other technologies, notably turbine-based combined cycle (TBCC) propulsion, offer benefits such as increased robustness and greater mission flexibility, and are being advanced, at a slower pace, as part of GRC's program in hypersonics.

Palac, Donald T.

1999-01-01

357

Applications of Genetic Programming in Cancer Research  

PubMed Central

The theory of Darwinian evolution is the fundamental keystones of modern biology. Late in the last century, computer scientists began adapting its principles, in particular natural selection, to complex computational challenges, leading to the emergence of evolutionary algorithms. The conceptual model of selective pressure and recombination in evolutionary algorithms allows scientists to efficiently search high dimensional space for solutions to complex problems. In the last decade, genetic programming has been developed and extensively applied for analysis of molecular data to classify cancer subtypes and characterize the mechanisms of cancer pathogenesis and development. This article reviews current successes using genetic programming and discusses its potential impact in cancer research and treatment in the near future.

Worzel, William P.; Yu, Jianjun; Almal, Arpit A.; Chinnaiyan, Arul M.

2012-01-01

358

Federal Wind Energy Research Program. Summary results of an assessment of research projects.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Office of Program Analysis (OPA) undertook an assessment of 55 research projects sponsored by the Federal Wind Energy Research Program. This report summarizes the results of that review. In accordance with statue and policy guidance, the program's res...

1991-01-01

359

U.S. Weather Research Program (USWRP) -- Dear Colleague Letter  

NSF Publications Database

... Research Program (USWRP) is an interagency effort directed at performing the research and technology ... NOAA) and the Office of Naval Research (ONR). Priority research areas have been identified jointly ...

360

NASA Aeronautics: Research and Technology Program Highlights  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This report contains numerous color illustrations to describe the NASA programs in aeronautics. The basic ideas involved are explained in brief paragraphs. The seven chapters deal with Subsonic aircraft, High-speed transport, High-performance military aircraft, Hypersonic/Transatmospheric vehicles, Critical disciplines, National facilities and Organizations & installations. Some individual aircraft discussed are : the SR-71 aircraft, aerospace planes, the high-speed civil transport (HSCT), the X-29 forward-swept wing research aircraft, and the X-31 aircraft. Critical disciplines discussed are numerical aerodynamic simulation, computational fluid dynamics, computational structural dynamics and new experimental testing techniques.

1990-01-01

361

PISCES Program: Summary of research, 1988  

SciTech Connect

This paper discusses the research of the PISCES Program. Topics discussed are: deuterium pumping by C-C composites and graphites; reduced particle recycling from grooved graphite surfaces; surface analysis of graphite tiles exposed in tokamaks; erosion behavior of redeposition layers from tokamaks (tokamakium); high temperature erosion of graphite; collaboration on TFTR probe measurements of implanted D; spectroscopic studies of carbon containing molecules; presheath profile measurements; biased limiter/divertor experiments; particle transport in the CCT tokamak edge plasma; and experimental studies of biased divertors and limiters. 26 refs., 23 figs. (LSP)

Not Available

1988-10-01

362

Fishes and fisheries in tropical estuaries: The last 10 years  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Since 2002 there has been an increase in knowledge of many aspects of the biology and ecology of tropical estuarine fishes, as well as significant changes to many estuarine fisheries. Analyses of literature databases (2002-2012) show that: of the c. 600 relevant papers, 52% are primarily related to ecology, 11% to conservation, 11% to anthropogenic and pollution effects on fishes, 9% to fisheries, 7% to aquaculture, 4% to study techniques, and 1% each to fish larvae, effects of fishing, taxonomy, climate change, evolution and genetics. In terms of geographic spread 17% are from North America, 15% from south Asia, 14% from the Caribbean, 13% from Australasia, 12% from Africa and 9% each from South America and SE Asia. Research papers came from 50 countries of which the dominant were USA (15%), India (12%), Australia (11%) and Brazil (7%). Increasing numbers of studies in West Africa, SE and South Asia and South America have increased basic knowledge of the ecology of estuarine fish faunas. Increases in understanding relate to: roles of salinity, turbidity and habitat diversity; connectivity between habitats; water flow; ecological drivers of spatial variability; scale dependent variation; thermal tolerances; movement patterns; food webs; larval adaptations; and the viability of areas heavily impacted by human activities. New reviews both challenge and support different aspects of the estuarine dependence paradigm - still perhaps one of the main research issues - and the protective function of estuaries and mangroves for juvenile fishes has received attention in relation to e.g. predation risks and fisheries. There have also been significant advances in the use of guilds and biodiversity models. Fishing pressures have continued unabated in most tropical estuaries and are summarised and management issues discussed. Understanding of the relationships between fisheries production and mangroves has advanced and significant differences have emerged between Indo-West Pacific and Atlantic systems. The effects of fishing itself have also received attention and research is often related to conservation studies. The effects of anthropogenic activities are reviewed and important advances in mitigation are discussed. Restoration of estuarine habitats, such as mangroves, previously taking place mainly in countries such as Australia and USA, is now occurring in more countries. The design of reserves and the use of protected areas as management tools are gaining credence. Finally, the evidence for actual and potential effects of climate change is discussed.

Blaber, S. J. M.

2013-12-01

363

Smart structures research program at Virginia Tech  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A review of the smart structures and avionics research and teaching program that started in 1979 at Virginia Tech is described. Current smart structures research include major efforts in the development of embedded and attached optical fiber and acoustic fiber sensors for cure monitoring, in-service lifetime structural testing, nondestructive evaluation, and impact and damage detection and analysis; of gradual material degradation; sensor signal multiplexing, processing and data handling to achieve near real-time distributed structural analysis; and the integration of embedded sensors, actuators and control electronics to achieve controlled structural response. Special campus facilities used for this work include an optical fiber fabrication facility, an autoclave for composite structure fabrication and curing, and laboratories for optical fiber sensor development, materials response and nondestructive evaluation, structural control testing and computer engineering.

Claus, R. O.; Safaai-Jazi, A.; Bennett, K. D.; May, R. G.; Duncan, B. D.

1989-01-01

364

A 10-year plan to study the aquifer system of Indian Wells Valley, California  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Water needs of the population of Indian Wells Valley, Calif., must be met through further development of ground-water resources. Studies show that annual ground-water pumpage there has increased since 1945 and has exceeded mean annual recharge since 1966. Continued and increased stress on the aquifer system of the valley is expected because population in the valley is predicted to double by 1998 and triple by 2020, based on 1977 population figures. The U.S. Geological Survey proposes a 10-year program to develop a data base to aid in evaluation of future water-management alternatives. A study plan has been developed that describes present and potential problems and objectives of the program, and outlines work items to be undertaken in the study area. (USGS)

Lipinski, Paul; Knochenmus, Darwin D.

1981-01-01

365

United States Air Force Summer Faculty Research Program (1986). Program Management Report.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Summer Faculty Research Program (SFRP) provides opportunities for research in the physical sciences, engineering, life sciences, business, and administrative sciences. The program has been effective in providing basic research opportunities to the fac...

R. C. Darrah, R. Kopka, S. K. Espy

1986-01-01

366

Applied research in the solar thermal-energy-systems program  

SciTech Connect

Within the Solar Thermal Research and Advanced Development (RAD) program a coordinated effort in materials research, fuels and chemical research and applied research is being carried out to meet the systems' needs. Each of these three program elements are described with particular attention given to the applied research activity.

Brown, C. T.; Lefferdo, J. M.

1981-03-01

367

Income-Conditioned Programs and Their Clients: A Research Agenda.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This paper attempts to provide guidance in making research funding decisions in the field of income-conditioned public programs. The state of the art in income-conditioned program research has been surveyed. Knowledgeable individuals have been interviewed...

M. Bendick D. L. Bawden

1977-01-01

368

1993/1994 NASA Graduate Student Researchers Program.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The NASA Graduate Student Researchers Program (GSRP) attempts to reach a culturally diverse group of promising U.S. graduate students whose research interests are compatible with NASA's programs in space science and aerospace technology. Each year we sele...

1992-01-01

369

Physical Fitness Training Program for Research Saturation Divers.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A physical fitness training program is descrived for diver research subjects. THe program incorporates the concepts of strength and endurance into total body fitness. Special emphasis is placed upon specificity training for appropriate research projects. ...

T. J. Doubt F. M. Mecocci

1985-01-01

370

Geothermal Research Program of the US Geological Survey  

SciTech Connect

The beginning of the Geothermal Research Program, its organization, objectives, fiscal history, accomplishments, and present emphasis. The projects of the Geothermal Research Program are presented along with a list of references.

Duffield, W.A.; Guffanti, M.

1981-01-01

371

Fiscal Year 1990 Program Report: Michigan Institute of Water Research.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The major thrust of the Michigan Institute of Water Research during the 1990 program year continued to involve activities related to its research program, statewide water resources planning activities, use of geographic information systems and the technol...

J. F. Bartholic F. M. D'Itri

1991-01-01

372

Human Health Countermeasures (HHC) Element Management Plan: Human Research Program.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

NASA s Human Research Program (HRP) is an applied research and technology program within the Human Exploration and Operations Mission Directorate (HEOMD) that addresses human health and performance risk mitigation strategies in support of exploration miss...

D. Baumann P. Norsk

2012-01-01

373

Supercooled Large Droplet Icing Flight Research Program  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

During the past three winters, the NASA Glenn Research Center at Lewis Field conducted icing research flights throughout the Great Lakes region to measure the characteristics of a severe icing condition having Supercooled Large Droplets (SLD). SLD was implicated in the 1994 crash of the ATR-72 commuter aircraft. This accident focused attention on the safety hazard associated with SLD, and it led the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) to identify the need for a better understanding of the atmospheric characteristics of this icing condition. In response to this need, Glenn developed a cooperative icing flight research program with the FAA, the National Center for Atmospheric Research, and the Atmospheric Environment Service of Canada. The primary objectives were to (1) characterize the SLD icing condition in terms of important icing-related parameters (such as cloud droplet size, cloud water content, and temperature), (2) develop and refine SLD icing weather forecast products, and (3) document and measure the effects of SLD ice accretions on aircraft performance.

Miller, Dean R.

2000-01-01

374

10-years experience with the Athero-Express study  

PubMed Central

From cross-sectional studies we have learned that composition of atherosclerotic plaques differs, and that thrombosis on top of an inflammatory lipid rich plaque is a frequently observed pathological substrate of a cerebral or coronary event. Atherosclerosis develops over decades which hampers human studies on the natural history of the diseases. Therefore, the predictive value of atherosclerotic plaque composition for development of an adverse cardiovascular event is not clear. The elucidation of markers for atherosclerotic disease progression is essential to identify patients at high risk for vascular events, to refine treatment allocation and to serve as surrogate endpoints in pharmaceutical studies. The Athero-Express study is a large scale vascular biobank that collects vascular specimens including a clinical follow-up. This study design allows the prospective study of the local atherosclerotic plaque in relation to future local and systemic vascular outcome. The readout of the study can be assessed in terms of histology as well as RNA or protein level. This paper aims to give an overview of the results of the Athero-Express biobank since its initiation in 2002. We will also discuss the clinical implications and future directions in biobanking research.

Hellings, Willem E.; Moll, Frans L.; de Kleijn, Dominique P.V.

2012-01-01

375

Back to the future: 10 years of European health reforms.  

PubMed

The challenges facing European health systems have changed little over 30 years but the responses to them have. Policy ideas that emerged in some countries spread to others; however, the way policies were implemented and the impact they have had has been shaped by specific national contexts. Comparative policy analysis has evolved in response to this, moving away from simple classifications of health systems and crude rankings to studies that try and understand more deeply what works, where and why. For policymakers interested in how other countries have dealt with common challenges, it is important that they avoid the naïve transplantation of policy solutions but understand the need to translate policies to fit the institutional context of a particular country. Policies that cross borders will necessarily be shaped by the social and political institutions of a country. These dimensions should not be ignored in comparative research. The next decade will require health systems to deliver improved care for people with complex needs while at the same time delivering greater value. Policymakers will benefit from looking backwards as well as to their neighbours in order to develop appropriate policy solutions. PMID:22221926

Dixon, Anna; Poteliakhoff, Emmi

2012-01-01

376

10 Years of Car-2-X Communication - a Success Story?  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

For more than ten years, car-2-x communication has been a major topic of research in the scientific community and an important development focus for the automotive industry. First, this article takes a retrospective look at the evolution of car-2-x and the two different communication paradigms: decentralized car-2-car communication and centralized cellular solutions. Afterwards, a comparison of their technical advantages and limitations is presented, respectively. The result shows that in order to implement safety-relevant applications, car-2-car communication has strong advantages compared to cellular technologies but requires high market penetration. However, its introduction solely for safety applications is difficult since the required penetration will not be achieved until several years after initial deployment. Therefore, car-2-car communication must provide a benefit to the customer, even in the phase of market introduction. For this purpose, the article outlines an approach called SODAD (Segment-Oriented Data Abstraction and Dissemination). It offers a possibility to introduce decentralized vehicular applications with early customer benefit, in order to enable safety applications based on car-2-car communication on a long term.

Wischhof, Lars; Ebner, André

2012-05-01

377

Organ Site-Specific SPOREs | Translational Research Program (TRP)  

Cancer.gov

The University of Pittsburgh Cancer Institute (UPCI) is conducting a Specialized Program of Research Excellence (SPORE) in Lung Cancer. The overall goals of the Lung Cancer SPORE are to improve detection and treatment of lung cancer and to understand the mechanisms of increased susceptibility of women to lung cancer. The SPORE program consists of four major translational research projects in lung cancer, three research cores, an administrative core, a developmental research program, and a career development program.

378

Outcomes of a School-Based Intervention (RESCATE) to Improve Physical Activity Patterns in Mexican Children Aged 8-10 Years  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of an intervention program on the patterns of physical activity in 8- to 10-year-old Mexican children from lower socioeconomic status. This study performed a randomized controlled field trial in 498 children aged 8-10 years from 10 public schools of low socioeconomic status in Mexico City. Schools…

Colin-Ramirez, E.; Castillo-Martinez, L.; Orea-Tejeda, A.; Vergara-Castaneda, A.; Keirns-Davis, C.; Villa-Romero, A.

2010-01-01

379

Sodium bicarbonate cotransporter polymorphisms are associated with baseline and 10-year follow-up blood pressures.  

PubMed

The NaHCO3 cotransporter gene (SLC4A5) on chromosome 2 encodes a protein that transports sodium and bicarbonate across the cell membrane and regulates cellular pH. The National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute Family Blood Pressure Program found linkage of blood pressure-related traits to the chromosomal region containing SLC4A5 and phenotype associations with single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in this gene. However, the results were inconsistent over various phenotypes and SNPs. Nevertheless, the evidence was strong enough to propose this gene as a blood pressure-related gene. To extend these findings, SLC4A5 SNPs were genotyped in an independent set of 96 Utah pedigrees of 1040 adult subjects at baseline, 760 of whom were followed longitudinally for 10 years. After adjusting for age, gender, body mass index, and polygenic correlations within pedigrees, SNP hcv1137534 was significantly associated with both systolic blood pressure and diastolic blood pressure (DBP) at baseline (unadjusted P=0.009 and P=0.043; respectively) and at 10-year follow-up (P=0.008 and P=0.007; respectively). In secondary tests of association of baseline-stressed blood pressure, hcv1137534 was borderline or significantly associated with DBP change during an isometric handgrip test (P=0.054), DBP change from supine to standing (P=0.020), and DBP change after a 50 degrees tilt (P=0.034). There was no evidence for compensation of abnormal SLC4A5 sodium transport by genotype-specific differences in sodium-lithium countertransport, lithium-potassium cotransport, altered plasma sodium, chloride, or CO2 levels. Therefore, in these Utah pedigrees, the SLC4A5 gene was significantly associated with blood pressure and persisted after 10 years of follow-up. These results additionally confirm the involvement of SLC4A5 with blood pressure control, although the mechanism is still unclear. PMID:16365189

Hunt, Steven C; Xin, Yuanpei; Wu, Lily L; Cawthon, Richard M; Coon, Hilary; Hasstedt, Sandra J; Hopkins, Paul N

2006-03-01

380

SMART-1 SPEDE: Results and Legacy after 10 Years  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Spacecraft Potential, Electron and Dust Experiment (SPEDE) [1], one of the instruments on the SMART-1 spacecraft, the European Space Agency's first Lunar mission, was part of the monitoring instruments supervising the propulsion system and supporting corrective actions to its operation when needed. During mission phases with inactive propulsion system the plasma instrument measured electron and ion densities and temperatures of the natural plasma in the vicinity of the spacecraft. While the spacecraft was slowly spiraling out of an Earth orbit towards a Moon trajectory it spent many months inside the Earth radiation belt. During this time SPEDE recorded the plasma parameters as a function of altitude and solar conditions and monitored also the effects of the major solar CME of October 28, the so-called "Halloween Storm" [2], [3]. After reaching the Moon on November 15, 2004, it continued to monitor the plasma and dust impacts onto the spacecraft until the end of the mission on September 3, 2006. Most of the Moon orbits lasted about 5 hours with an initial perilune distance of 2208 and an apolune distance of 4618 km, changing to 300 km and 3000km, respectively towards the end of the mission with a controlled impact onto the Lunar surface. A total of over 200 orbits were covered [4]. Covered by the SPEDE instrument are three areas of scientific interest: - A detailed altitude profile of the plasma parameters inside the radiation belt under different environmental condition - SPEDE was one of the few instruments active inside the radiation belt while normally all instruments on space missions are kept off to prevent damage, - a plasma parameter map in Lunar orbit with the Moon inside and outside the Earth magnetosphere, - plasma wave measurements around the moon with signatures of dust impacts onto the spacecraft monitoring the dust lifting processes on the Moon surface to escape velocities under certain solar wind conditions. Technical legacy: The Langmuir Probe sensor area treatment was optimized for SPEDE and used in all subsequent Langmuir probe designs of IRF/Uppsala. The algorithm implemented inside the SPEDE on-board software to analyze the plasma wave measurements was optimized during the SMART-1 mission and later uplinked to the ESA Rosetta spacecraft lander Philae, where it is now used to analyze and compress the data of the permittivity probe, also used as a plasma wave monitor with W.Schmidt as PI. The experience gained from the FPGA-implementation of a self-developed processor was later used in preparation of ESA's ExoMars 2016 pressure sensor controller and the Swedish plasma instrument LINA for a Russian Lunar mission as well as for the ESA JUICE mission to the Jupiter system. Reference: [1] Mälkki, A., Schmidt, W., Laakso, H., Grard, R., Escoubet, C.P., Wahlund, J.-E., Blomberg, L., Marklund, G. and Johlander, B., 2003: The SPEDE experiment on SMART-1: Instrument, mission, and science objectives. Geophysical Research Abstracts, Vol 5., 10004, 2003. [2] Mälkki, A., Schmidt, W., Laakso, H., Johlander, B., Wahlund, J.E., Blomberg, L., Marklund, G., Grard, R., Escoubet, C.P. and Lebreton, J.P., 2004: First results from SMART-1/ SPEDE plasma experiment. European Geophysical Union EGU-2004, EGU04-A-02543. Invited oral presentation [3] Mälkki, A., Schmidt, W., Genzer, M., Merikallio, S., Laakso, H., Gonzales del Amo, J., Estublier, D., Gengembre, E., Hilgers, A., Capacci, M., Koppel, C. and Tajmar, M., 2005: Spacecraft-plasma interaction analysis using data from SPEDE on SMART-1. 10th Scientific Assembly of IAGA, Toulouse, France, July 2005, paper IAGA2005-A-01401 [4] Mälkki, A., Schmidt, W., Kallio, E. and Merikallio, S., 2006: Interaction of Solar Wind With the Moon: Results From Hybrid Modeling and the SPEDE Instrument on SMART-1. Geophysical Research Abstracts, Vol. 8, 07632, 2006 [5] M.Backrud, 2007: Evaluation of the SPEDE instrument on SMART-1, Royal Institute of Technology (KTH) Report - TRITA-EE 2007:023

Schmidt, Walter; Mälkki, Anssi

2014-05-01

381

DOE-EERC jointly sponsored research program  

SciTech Connect

U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Cooperative Agreement DE-FC21-93MC30098 funded through the Office of Fossil Energy and administered at the Federal Energy Technology Center (FETC) supported the performance of a Jointly Sponsored Research Program (JSRP) at the Energy and Environmental Research Center (EERC) with a minimum 50% nonfederal cost share to assist industry in commercializing and effectively applying efficient, nonpolluting energy technologies that can compete effectively in meeting market demands for clean fuels, chemical feedstocks, and electricity in the 21st century. The objective of the JSRP was to advance the deployment of advanced technologies for improving energy efficiency and environmental performance through jointly sponsored research on topics that would not be adequately addressed by the private sector alone. Examples of such topics include the barriers to hot-gas cleaning impeding the deployment of high-efficiency power systems and the search for practical means for sequestering CO{sub 2} generated by fossil fuel combustion. The selection of particular research projects was guided by a combination of DOE priorities and market needs, as provided by the requirement for joint venture funding approved both by DOE and the private sector sponsor. The research addressed many different energy resource and related environmental problems, with emphasis directed toward the EERC's historic lead mission in low-rank coals (LRCs), which represent approximately half of the U.S. coal resources in the conterminous states, much larger potential resources in Alaska, and a major part of the energy base in the former U.S.S.R., East Central Europe, and the Pacific Rim. The Base and JSRP agreements were tailored to the growing awareness of critical environmental issues, including water supply and quality, air toxics (e.g., mercury), fine respirable particulate matter (PM{sub 2.5}), and the goal of zero net CO{sub 2} emissions.

Hendrikson, J.G.; Sondreal, E.A.

1999-09-01

382

Overview of EPA Superfund human health research program.  

PubMed

This paper presents major research needs for the Superfund program, and provides an overview of the EPA Office of Research and Development's (ORDs) current human health research program designed to fill some of those data gaps. Research is presented in terms of the risk paradigm and covers exposure, effects, and assessment activities directly funded by Superfund, as well as research not funded by Superfund but directly applicable to Superfund research needs. Research on risk management is not covered. Current research activities conducted by the Superfund program office are also included to provide a full picture of Superfund human health research activities being conducted by EPA. PMID:12018008

Kowalski, Lorelei; Denne, Jane; Dyer, Robert; Garrahan, Kevin; Wentsel, Randall S

2002-03-01

383

Staphylococcus colonization, mortality and morbidity in hemodialysis patients: 10 years of observation.  

PubMed

Colonization with Staphylococci is widely distributed among patients with end-stage renal disease who are receiving hemodialysis (HD). In addition to more intensive care and use of artificial devices, the incidence of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) colonization and infection has increased. Such colonization has recently been associated with a more than doubled mortality rate in HD patients. However, it is not clear whether the (presumably increasing) incidence of methicillin-sensitive Staphylococcus aureus (MSSA) colonization is associated with MRSA and/or morbidity and mortality. We therefore established a screening program in our HD population (n=156) and followed these patients over 10 years. We discovered eighty-eight MSSA-colonized patients and one MRSA-colonized patient by cross-sectional and admission-related screenings between 2000 and 2010. The morbidity and mortality of the HD patients was not related to MSSA colonization. The MSSA colonization rate decreased slightly during the 10-year observation period. We conclude that the incidence of MRSA colonization in our unit was lower compared to that reported in the literature. The reasons for this finding are complex and require further investigation. The incidence of MSSA colonization was frequent but did not impact morbidity or mortality. PMID:23517737

Grünewald, Thomas; Lindner, Margareta; Weiß, Susanne; Ruf, Iris; Treutler, Till; Ruf, Bernhard; Beige, Joachim

2013-11-01

384

Gas Research Institute 1993-1997 research and development plan and 1993 research and development program. Executive summary  

SciTech Connect

The executive summary of the 1993-1997 Research and Development Plan and 1993 Research and Development Program provides an overview of Gas Research Institute's strategic objectives and program budget. A discussion of cofunding and cooperative funding is included.

Not Available

1992-06-01

385

Interdisciplinary Program and Research Experiences for the Preparation of Educational Researchers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report described an Iowa State University program which trained educational researchers in a 3-year graduate program leading to the Ph.D. degree. The program provided trainees with research training in two complimentary areas of specialization: (a) educational and psychological measurement and program evaluation; and (b) educational research

Howe, Trevor G.

386

FY 1995 research highlights: PNL accomplishments in OER programs  

SciTech Connect

Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL) conducts fundamental and applied research in support of the US Department of Energy`s (DOE) core missions in science and technology, environmental quality, energy resources, and national security. Much of this research is funded by the program offices of DOE`s Office of Energy Research (DOE-ER), primarily the Office of Basic Energy Sciences (BES) and the Office of Health and Environmental Research (OHER), and by PNL`s Laboratory Directed Research and Development (LDRD) Program. This document is a collection of research highlights that describe PNL`s accomplishments in DOE-ER funded programs during Fiscal Year 1995. Included are accomplishments in research funded by OHER`s Analytical Technologies, Environmental Research, Health Effects, General Life Sciences, and Carbon Dioxide Research programs; BES`s Materials Science, Chemical Sciences, Engineering and Geoscience, and Applied Mathematical Sciences programs; and PNL`s LDRD Program. Summaries are given for 70 projects.

NONE

1995-10-01

387

Overview of NASA's Microgravity Materials Research Program  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The NASA microgravity materials program is dedicated to conducting microgravity experiments and related modeling efforts that will help us understand the processes associated with the formation of materials. This knowledge will help improve ground based industrial production of such materials. The currently funded investigations include research on the distribution of dopants and formation of defects in semiconductors, transitions between columnar and dendritic grain morphology, coarsening of phase boundaries, competition between thermally and kinetically favored phases, and the formation of glassy vs. crystalline material. NASA microgravity materials science investigators are selected for funding either through a proposal in response to a NASA Research Announcement or by participation in a team proposing to a foreign agency research announcement. In the latter case, a US investigator participating in a successful proposal to a foreign agency can then apply to NASA for funding of an unsolicited proposal. The program relies on cooperation with other aerospace partners from around the world. The ISS facilities used for these investigations are provided primarily by partnering with foreign agencies and in most cases the US investigators are working as a part of a larger team studying a specific area of materials science. The following facilities are to be utilized for the initial investigations. The ESA provided Low Gradient Facility and the Solidification and Quench Inserts to the Materials Research Rack/Materials Science Laboratory are to be used primarily for creating bulk samples that are directionally solidified or quenched from a high temperature melt. The CNES provided DECLIC facility is used to observe morphological development in transparent materials. The ESA provided Electro-Magnetic Levitator (EML) is designed to levitate, melt and then cool samples in order to study nucleation behavior. The facility provides conditions in which nucleation of the solid is not triggered from the wall and in which fluid flows in the sample can be controlled and manipulated. These conditions allow scientists ideal conditions for understanding the relative amounts and distribution of different phases that form in the solid. Finally, the Coarsening of Solid Liquid Melts hardware allows quenching of low temperature samples in the Microgravity Science Glovebox.

Downey, James Patton; Grugel, Richard

2012-01-01

388

Byrd Polar Research Center Archival Program  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Based at The Ohio State University Libraries, the Byrd Polar Research Center Archival Program (BPRCAP) collects, preserves, and provides "access to historical documents concerned with polar regions." Their collection contains papers, records, photographs, and other forms of documentation concerning explorers, scientists, and other figures. Along the top of their page, visitors will find sections that profile select explorers (Byrd and Cook, among others), along with "Oral History" and "Online Resources". The Byrd area contains photographs of the man and his explorations, along with artifacts from his expeditions. Moving on, the "Oral History" area offers visitors the ability to view dozens of oral histories with people like Captain William Anderson and Chester Segers, who was one of the cooks at the South Pole Station.

389

A program in refractory metal thermocouple research.  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Description of a refractory metal thermocouple research program, directed towards establishing the parameters that are necessary to achieve reliable, long term, high temperature thermocouple performance. A description of special apparatus for exposing bare-wire thermoelements to high temperatures in vacuum and in high purity gaseous environments is given, and the design and performance of an ultra-high-vacuum, high-temperature furnace system are described. Bare-wire W-3 per cent Re and W-25 per cent Re thermoelements were exposed at 2400 K in argon, hydrogen, or vacuum, and experienced a shift in their emf-temperature relationship upon initial exposure. After the initial shift, the thermoelements exposed in the gaseous environments experienced no significant further change in their emf-temperature relationship for periods up to 1000 hrs. The thermoelements exposed in vacuum continually drifted in their emf-temperature relationship as a result of the preferential loss of Re by evaporation.

Burns, G. W.; Hurst, W. S.

1971-01-01

390

76 FR 314 - Sorghum Promotion, Research, and Information Program: Referendum  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...No. AMS-LS-10-0103] Sorghum Promotion, Research, and Information Program...Opportunity to Participate in the Sorghum Promotion, Research, and Information Referendum...producers and importers on the Sorghum Promotion, Research, and Information...

2011-01-04

391

Summary reports of activities under visiting research program, 1995.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report contains summary reports of activities under visiting research program carried out in the Research Reactor Institute, Kyoto University in 1995. As cooperative activities of KUR, 9 special projects and 91 normal research projects are described ...

1995-01-01

392

GUIDANCE FOR RESEARCH HOUSE STUDIES OF THE FLORIDA RADON RESEARCH PROGRAM, VOLUME 1: RESEARCH PLAN  

EPA Science Inventory

The report provides guidance and a readily available reference to groups involved with the Florida Radon Research Program's (FRRP's) research house studies. t includes: 1): Lists of Parameters for continuous and periodic high and low resolution measurements; (2) Protocols for cha...

393

Major Research Instrumentation Program (MRI) Instrument Development and Acquisition  

NSF Publications Database

Both instrument acquisition and instrument development proposals require detailed management plans as described in Proposal Preparation Instructions. The Major Research Instrumentation Program (MRI) is designed to increase access to scientific and engineering equipment for research and research training in our Nation's organizations of higher education, research museums and non-profit research organizations. The Major Research Instrumentation (MRI) Program is designed to increase access to ...

394

INEL BNCT Research Program annual report 1994  

SciTech Connect

This report is a summary of the progress and research produced for the Idaho National Engineering Laboratory (INEL) Boron Neutron Capture Therapy (BNCT) Research Program for calendar year 1994. Contributions from the principal investigators about their individual projects are included, specifically, chemistry (pituitary tumor studies, boron drug development including liposomes, lipoproteins, and carboranylalanine derivatives), pharmacology (murine screenings, toxicity testing, ICP-AES analysis of biological samples), physics (treatment planning software, neutron beam and filter design, neutron beam measurement dosimetry), and radiation biology (small and large animal models tissue studies and efficacy studies). Information on the potential toxicity of BSH and BPA is presented and results of 21 spontaneous tumor bearing dogs that have been treated with BNCT at Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL) are discussed. Several boron carrying drugs exhibiting good tumor uptake are described. Significant progress in the potential of treating pituitary tumors is presented. Highlights from the First International Workshop on Accelerator-Based Neutron Sources for BNCT are included. Selected papers have been indexed separately for inclusion in the Energy Science and Technology Database.

Venhuizen, J.R. [ed.

1995-11-01

395

A research program in computational physics  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Task D's research is focused on the understanding of elementary particle physics through the techniques of quantum field theory. We make intensive use of computers to aid our research. During the last year we have made significant progress in understanding the weak interactions through the use of Monte Carlo methods as applied to the equations of quenched lattice QCD. We have launched a program to understand full (not quenched) lattice QCD on relatively large lattices using massively parallel computers. Because of our awareness that Monte Carlo methods might not be able to give a good solution to field theories with the computer power likely to be available to us for the forseeable future we have launched an entirely different numerical approach to study these problems. This Source Galerkin method is based on an algebraic approach to the field theoretic equations of motion and is (somewhat) related to variational and finite element techniques applied to a source rather than a coordinate space. The results for relatively simple problems are sensationally good. In particular, fermions can be treated in a way which allows them to retain their status as independent dynamical entities in the theory.

Guralnik, G. S.

1990-07-01

396

Chronic multisymptom illness complex in Gulf War I veterans 10 years later.  

PubMed

Prior research has demonstrated that shortly after the 1991 Gulf War (Gulf War I), chronic multisymptom illness (CMI) was more common among deployed veterans than among nondeployed veterans. The aims of the current study were to determine the prevalence of CMI among deployed and nondeployed veterans 10 years after Gulf War I, compare the distribution of comorbid conditions, and identify prewar factors associated with CMI. Cross-sectional data collected from 1,061 deployed veterans and 1,128 nondeployed veterans examined between 1999 and 2001 were analyzed. CMI prevalence was 28.9% among deployed veterans and 15.8% among nondeployed veterans (odds ratio = 2.16, 95% confidence interval: 1.61, 2.90). Deployed and nondeployed veterans with CMI had similarly poorer quality-of-life measures and higher prevalences of symptom-based medical conditions, metabolic syndrome, and psychiatric disorders. Diagnoses of prewar anxiety disorders (not related to post-traumatic stress disorder) and depression were associated with CMI among both deployed and nondeployed veterans. Nicotine dependence and veteran-reported physician-diagnosed infectious mononucleosis were associated with CMI among deployed veterans, and migraine headaches and gastritis were associated with CMI among nondeployed veterans. CMI continues to be substantially more prevalent among deployed veterans than among nondeployed veterans 10 years after Gulf War I, but it manifests similarly in both groups. It is likely to be a common, persistent problem among veterans returning from the current Gulf War. PMID:16293719

Blanchard, Melvin S; Eisen, Seth A; Alpern, Renee; Karlinsky, Joel; Toomey, Rosemary; Reda, Domenic J; Murphy, Frances M; Jackson, Leila W; Kang, Han K

2006-01-01

397

United States Air Force Summer Faculty Research Program (1986). Program Technical Report. Volume 3.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The United States Air Force Summer Faculty Research Program (USAF-SFRP) is a program designed to introduce university, college, and technical institute faculty members to Air Force research. This three volume document is a compilation of the final reports...

R. C. Darrah R. Kopka S. K. Espy

1986-01-01

398

Evaluation of a Research Mentorship Program in Community Care  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes the results of a qualitative case study evaluating a research mentorship program in community care settings in Ontario, Canada. The purpose of the program was to build evaluation and research capacity among staff of community care agencies through a mentorship program. Data were collected through in-depth, semi-structured…

Ploeg, Jenny; de Witt, Lorna; Hutchison, Brian; Hayward, Lynda; Grayson, Kim

2008-01-01

399

Laboratory Directed Research and Development Program FY 2006 Annual Report  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) Laboratory Directed Research and Development (LDRD) Program reports its status to the US Departmental of Energy (DOE) in March of each year. The program operates under the authority of DOE Order 413.2B, 'Laboratory Directed Research and Development' (April 19, 2006), which establishes DOE's requirements for the program while providing the Laboratory Director broad flexibility

Sjoreen; Terrence P

2007-01-01

400

Diagnostics Research | Cancer Diagnosis Program (CDP)  

Cancer.gov

Skip to Content Search this site Main Support for Clinical and Translational Research Advice and Resources for Researchers Diagnostics Evaluation Branch Staff Last Updated: 08/15/11 Diagnostics Research Support for Clinical and Translational Research PA-03-003

401

Basic research in electronics: Joint Services Electronics Program (JSEP)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This report presents a summary of the scientific progress and accomplishments on research projects by the Joint Services Electronics Program (JSEP) for the contract periods from 1 January 1986 through 31 December 1986. It does not contain information regarding accomplishments on research projects funded in other ways. The Joint Services Electronics Program at the Polytechnic is the core of interdisciplinary research in electronics encompassing programs in the Departments of Electrical Engineering, Physics and Chemistry under the aegis of the Weber Research Institute. The research encompassed by this program is grouped under three broad categories: electromagnetics, solid state electronics and information electronics.

Oliner, Arthur A.; Kunhardt, Erich E.

1986-12-01

402

Research Issues and Language Program Direction. Issues in Language Program Direction: A Series of Annual Volumes.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection of papers is divided into two parts. After "Introduction" (L. Kathy Heilenman), Part 1, "Research and Language Program Directors: The Relationship," includes "Research Domains and Language Program Direction" (Bill VanPatten); "Language Program Direction and the Modernist Agenda" (Celeste Kinginger); "The Research-Pedagogy Interface…

Heilenman, L. Kathy, Ed.

403

Tuskegee Bioethics Center 10th anniversary presentation: "Commemorating 10 years: ethical perspectives on origin and destiny".  

PubMed

More than 70 years have passed since the beginning of the Public Health Service syphilis study in Tuskegee, Alabama, and it has been over a decade since President Bill Clinton formally apologized for it and held a ceremony for the Tuskegee study participants. The official launching of the Tuskegee University National Center for Bioethics in Research and Health Care took place two years after President Clinton's apology. How might we fittingly discuss the Center's 10th Anniversary and the topic 'Commemorating 10 Years: Ethical Perspectives on Origin and Destiny'? Over a decade ago, a series of writers, many of them African Americans, wrote a text entitled 'African-American Perspectives on Biomedical Ethics'; their text was partly responsible for a prolonged reflection by others to produce a subsequent work, 'African American Bioethics: Culture, Race and Identity'. What is the relationship between the discipline of bioethics and African American culture? This and related questions are explored in this commentary. PMID:20675942

Prograis, Lawrence J

2010-08-01

404

Perceived Value of Required Research in Orthodontic Postgraduate Programs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Graduates' perceptions concerning the value of required research experience in orthodontic postdoctoral programs were determined. Factors in the postdoctoral research program that provided positive/negative experiences were also identified. Fifteen attitude statements concerning the merits of required research projects and demographic items on the…

Lancaster, Diana M.; And Others

405

Participatory Research in an Arts Integration Professional Development Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Drama for Schools (DFS) is an arts integration professional development program rooted in critical pedagogy and constructivism that emphasizes partnerships between school districts and a major research university. As a part of the research initiative embedded in this professional development program, DFS began an Arts integration Research Teacher…

Cawthon, Stephanie W.; Dawson, Kathryn M.; Judd-Glossy, Laura; Ihorn, Shasta

2012-01-01

406

Directory of research projects: Planetary geology and geophysics program  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Information about currently funded scientific research within the Planetary Geology and Geophysics Program is provided. The directory consists of the proposal summary sheet from each proposal funded under the program during Fiscal Year 1992. The sheets provide information about the research project, including title, principal investigator, institution, summary of research objectives, past accomplishments, and proposed new investigations.

Holt, Henry (editor)

1992-01-01

407

Status of reduced enrichment program for research reactors in Japan  

Microsoft Academic Search

The status of reduced enrichment program for research reactors in Japan will be reviewed. The reduced enrichment programs for the JRR-3M, JRR-4 and JMTR of Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA, former name is Japan Atomic Energy Research Institute (JAERI)) has been completed by 1999, and the reactors are being satisfactory operated using LEU fuels. The KUR of Kyoto University Research

Hironobu Unesaki; Kazunori Ohta; Takeshi Inoue

2008-01-01

408

Directory of research projects, 1991. Planetary geology and geophysics program  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Information is provided about currently funded scientific research within the Planetary Geology and Geophysics Program. The directory consists of the proposal summary sheet from each proposal funded by the program during fiscal year 1991. Information is provided on the research topic, principal investigator, institution, summary of research objectives, past accomplishments, and proposed investigators.

Maxwell, Ted A. (editor)

1991-01-01

409

Diagnostic interpretation of electrocardiograms in population-based research: Computer program research physicians, or cardiologists?  

Microsoft Academic Search

We assessed the performance of diagnostic electrocardiogram (ECG) interpretation by the computer program MEANS and by research physicians, compared to cardiologists, in a physician-based study. To establish a strategy for ECG interpretation in health surveys, we also studied the diagnostic capacity of three scenarios: use of the computer program alone (A), computer program and cardiologist (B), and computer program, research

M. C. de Bruyne; J. A. Kors; A. W. Hoes; D. A. C. Kruijssen; J. W. Deckers; M. Grosfeld; G. van Herpen; D. E. Grobbee; J. H. van Bemmel

1997-01-01

410

Changes in Neuropsychological Functioning over 10 Years Following Adolescent Substance Abuse Treatment  

PubMed Central

Previously, Anderson, Ramo, Cummins, and Brown (2010) described six distinct patterns of alcohol and other drug (AOD) use during the decade following adolescents’ treatment for alcohol and other substance use disorders (A/SUD). This time period represents a phase of significant neurodevelopment and the influence of substance use on the brain is a concern. In the present study we examined patterns of neuropsychological function over these 10 years in relation to the AOD trajectories identified for youth as they transition into their twenties. Participants were part of a longitudinal research project following adolescents with and without A/SUD who received neuropsychological examinations at baseline and up to 7 times thereafter spanning 10 years (N=213; 46% female at baseline). Neuropsychological trajectories were significantly related to substance involvement patterns over time on measures of verbal learning and memory (ps=.011 to <.0001), visuospatial memory (p=.0002), and verbal attention/working memory (p=.020), with heavier use patterns generally followed by poorer cognition. Heavy use of alcohol alone was independently associated with poorer verbal memory over time. Further, substance withdrawal symptoms during each follow-up time point were related to poorer verbal learning and memory scores (ps<.05), while substance abuse/dependence diagnostic criteria were not related to neuropsychological performance levels. These findings suggest that AOD use during adolescence and young adulthood may primarily influence performance that relies on later maturing brain structures, although further research is needed. Higher levels of AOD withdrawal symptoms may signify greater neuropsychological impairment, reflecting potential neurotoxic effects of AOD use.

Hanson, Karen L.; Cummins, Kevin; Tapert, Susan F.; Brown, Sandra A.

2011-01-01

411

Development of Meharry Medical College Prostate Cancer Research Program.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A prostate cancer (PCa) research program has been established at Meharry Medical College. There is substantial urology, oncology, epidemiology, nutrition and other expertise at Meharry and Vanderbilt addressing issues of PCa disparities, and 4 program inv...

F. A. Ukoli

2010-01-01

412

Funded Research | Cancer Diagnosis Program (CDP)  

Cancer.gov

This Program Announcement replaces and supersedes two prior Program Announcements, PA-98-022 (Exploratory Studies in Cancer Diagnostics) and PA-98-042 (Exploratory Grants for Correlative Laboratory Studies and Clinical Trials).

413

Genetic Screening: Programs, Principles, and Research.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report provides a comprehensive review of current genetic screening programs, and considers possible directions for future screening practices. Guidance is offered for health authorities planning to improve existing programs or develop new ones. Discu...

1975-01-01

414

Astronomy research at the Aerospace Corporation. [research projects - NASA programs  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This report reviews the astronomy research carried out at The Aerospace Corporation during 1974. The report describes the activities of the San Fernando Observatory, the research in millimeter wave radio astronomy as well as the space astronomy research.

Paulikas, G. A.

1974-01-01

415

USGS Alaska Science Center, Biological Science Office: Research Programs  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This website provides information about the research programs of the USGS Alaska Science Center - Biological Science Office (ASC-BSO). The programs are divided into several categories including Ecosystems & Habitats, Mammals, Technical Programs, Fish and Fisheries, and Birds. Links connect to research information about numerous program subcategories like Coastal and Marine, Sea Otters, Loons, Fisheries Projects, and more. The site also links to background information about the ASC-BSO, job listings, staff contact information, and the Alaska Science Center Publications Database.

416

Diagnostics Research | Cancer Diagnosis Program (CDP)  

Cancer.gov

Skip to Content Search this site Main Support for Clinical and Translational Research Advice and Resources for Researchers Diagnostics Evaluation Branch Staff Last Updated: 03/05/10 Support for Clinical and Translational Research The Diagnostics Evaluation

417

Diagnostics Research | Cancer Diagnosis Program (CDP)  

Cancer.gov

Skip to Content Search this site Main Support for Clinical and Translational Research Advice and Resources for Researchers Diagnostics Evaluation Branch Staff Last Updated: 03/05/10 Advice and Resources for Cancer Diagnostics Researchers What Makes

418

NCI Community Cancer Centers Program - Related Programs - Patient Navigation Research Program  

Cancer.gov

The Patient Navigation Research Program (PNRP) aims to develop innovative patient navigation interventions to reduce or eliminate cancer health disparities and test their efficacy and cost-effectiveness. These interventions are designed to decrease the time between a cancer-related abnormal finding, definitive diagnosis, and delivery of quality standard cancer care services.

419

Impact of Adolescent Alcohol and Drug Use on Neuropsychological Functioning in Young Adulthood: 10Year Outcomes  

Microsoft Academic Search

Because of ongoing neuromaturation, youth with chronic alcohol\\/substance use disorders (AUD\\/SUD) are at risk for cognitive decrements during young adulthood. We prospectively examined cognition over 10 years based on AUD\\/SUD history. Youth (N = 51) with no AUD\\/SUD history (n = 14), persisting AUD\\/SUD (n = 18), or remitted AUD\\/SUD (n = 19) were followed over 10 years with neuropsychological assessments. Groups were compared at baseline and 10-year

Karen L. Hanson; Krista Lisdahl Medina; Claudia B. Padula; Susan F. Tapert; Sandra A. Brown

2011-01-01

420

Definition of International GPM GV Research Program  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Global Precipitation Measurement (GPM) Mission will consist of a constellation of rain-measuring satellites, the main member of which (the core satellite) will serve as the measurement reference to the other members of the constellation. The core satellite is being developed jointly by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) and the newly-named Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA -- previously NASDA) along with its government partner, the Communications Research Laboratory (CRL). The GPM mission was proposed as a follow-up mission to the Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission (TRMM) by both NASA and NASDA based on the unparalleled scientific success of TRMM, and has recently been joined by the European Space Agency (ESA) via its formulation of the European GPM mission (i.e., EGPM). GPM is an ambitious mission designed to produce accurate and frequent global observations of precipitation (both rain and snow) made possible by replacing the TRMM satellite with the new core satellite carrying an advanced radar-radiometer system, and serving as the centerpiece for the constellation of some eight (8) additional satellites being provided through international cooperation. The core satellite is to be flown up to high latitudes (inclined some 65-70 degrees), and will carry a Ku/Ka-band, nadir-scanning, dual-frequency precipitation radar (DPR) that is being developed by JAXA and CRL, along with a large aperture, extended frequency-range, conically-scanning passive microwave radiometer being developed by NASA and its industrial partners. Each constellation satellite will also carry some type of multi-channel passive microwave radiometer (as well as a multi-beam Ka-band radar in the case of EGPM) whose rain estimates will be calibrated and referenced to those made by the core satellite, producing for the first time fully-global, continuous, and bias-free precipitation datasets. GPM data will be delivered in near-realtime, taking a major step toward the operational use of precipitation information for model initialization and data assimilation in a number of application areas such as hazardous weather forecasting, flood warning, fresh water resource assessment, and crop growth prediction. In addition, GPM data will complement the now-existing global temperature record, allowing for improved assessments of climate change, particularly those processes in which the global water cycle both forces and responds to climatic drifts in global temperature conditions. A foremost element of this international constellation mission is a parallel international ground validation (GV) network. This GV network is needed to determine uncertainties in the rain retrievals, critical for application of the retrieval information in weather and hydrometeorological modeling and climate diagnostics, as well as assurances that the satellite retrievals of surface rainfall are consistent with those actually measured at the surface. The key aspects of this network is that it must be worldwide and created through the GPM partnership process. Therefore the network will consist of a confederation of government agencies, academic organizations, private institutions, and individual scientists from a collection of nations who have initiated the process by gathering in Abingdon to develop the fundamentals of the international GPM GV research programme. Therefore in keeping with our responsibilities as the front-runners of the programme, the main objectives of this workshop are: (1) to present and share opinions on interests, perspectives, and concerns about GPM GV research; (2) to examine the conceptual and/or planned GPM GV site templates from NASA, NASDA, ESA, and other partners; (3) to define the main scientific objectives of the international GPM GV research programme; (4) to formulate a preliminary set of international GPM GV science and measurement requirements; and (5) to convene a Steering Committee to aid the organization of the GPM GV program, to document its science implementation plans, and to aid planning for follow-up GPM GV meetings

Smith, Eric A.

2003-01-01

421

Human Research Program Science Management: Overview of Research and Development Activities  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

An overview of research and development activities of NASA's Human Research Science Management Program is presented. The topics include: 1) Human Research Program Goals; 2) Elements and Projects within HRP; 3) Development and Maintenance of Priorities; 4) Acquisition and Evaluation of Research and Technology Proposals; and 5) Annual Reviews

Charles, John B.

2007-01-01

422

78 FR 3885 - Applications for New Awards; Research Fellowships Program  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...for these reviews. Approved final performance report guidelines require grantees to submit information regarding research methods, results, outputs, and outcomes. Because grants made under the Research Fellowships Program are limited to...

2013-01-17

423

Training Program in Biostatistics for Breast Cancer Research.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The purpose of this training program in biostatistics for breast cancer research is to provide biostatisticians with the requisite scientific knowledge to understand current issues in breast cancer research, and training in statistical and epidemiological...

R. J. Little

1997-01-01

424

Minority Hypertension Research Development Summer Program Evaluability Assessment.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Minority Hypertension Research Development Summer Program provides minority institution faculty members and graduate students with the opportunity for research development in the area of hypertension. Awards were made to training centers with well-est...

1986-01-01

425

Organ Site-Specific SPOREs | Translational Research Program (TRP)  

Cancer.gov

The overall goal of the Gynecologic Cancer Specialized Program of Research Excellence (SPORE) at MD Anderson Cancer Center is to conduct highly innovative translational research for the prevention and treatment of uterine cancers.

426

Organ Site-Specific SPOREs | Translational Research Program (TRP)  

Cancer.gov

A Specialized Program of Research Excellence (SPORE) entitled "Translational Research in Gl Cancer'' is proposed to tap the vast intellectual and physical resources of the University of Michigan to decrease the morbility and mortality from pancreatic and colorectal cancers.

427

Heavy Truck Clean Diesel Cooperative Research Program  

SciTech Connect

This report is the final report for the Department of Energy on the Heavy Truck Engine Program (Contract No. DE-FC05-00OR22806) also known as Heavy Truck Clean Diesel (HTCD) Program. Originally, this was scoped to be a $38M project over 5 years, to be 50/50 co-funded by DOE and Caterpillar. The program started in June 2000. During the program the timeline was extended to a sixth year. The program completed in December 2006. The program goal was to develop and demonstrate the technologies required to enable compliance with the 2007 and 2010 (0.2g/bhph NOx, 0.01g/bhph PM) on-highway emission standards for Heavy Duty Trucks in the US with improvements in fuel efficiency compared to today's engines. Thermal efficiency improvement from a baseline of 43% to 50% was targeted.

Milam, David

2006-12-31

428

1997 Research Reports: NASA/ASEE Summer Faculty Fellowship Program  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This document is a collection of technical reports on research conducted by the participants in the 1997 NASA/ASEE Summer Faculty Fellowship Program at the Kennedy Space Center (KSC). This was the 13th year that a NASA/ASEE program has been conducted at KSC. The 1997 program was administered by the University of Central Florida in cooperation with KSC. The program was operated under the auspices of the American Society for Engineering Education (ASEE) with sponsorship and funding from the Education Division, NASA Headquarters, Washington, D.C., and KSC. The KSC Program was one of nine such Aeronautics and Space Research Programs funded by NASA in 1997. The NASA/ASEE Program is intended to be a two-year program to allow in-depth research by the university faculty member. The editors of this document were responsible for selecting appropriately qualified faculty to address some of the many problems of current interest to NASA/KSC.

Hosler, E. Ramon (Editor); Buckingham, Gregg (Editor)

1997-01-01

429

1998 Research Reports: NASA/ASEE Summer Faculty Fellowship Program  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This document is a collection of technical reports on research conducted by the participants in the 1998 NASA/ASEE Summer Faculty Fellowship Program at the Kennedy Space Center (KSC). This was the 14th year that a NASA/ASEE program has been conducted at KSC. The 1998 program was administered by the University of Central Florida in cooperation with KSC. The program was operated under the auspices of the American Society for Engineering Education (ASEE) with sponsorship and funding from the Education Division, NASA Headquarters, Washington, D.C., and KSC. The KSC Program was one of nine such Aeronautics and Space Research Programs funded by NASA in 1998. The NASA/ASEE Program is intended to be a two-year program to allow in-depth research by the university faculty member. The editors of this document were responsible for selecting appropriately qualified faculty to address some of the many problems of current interest to NASA/KSC.

Hosler, E. Ramon (Editor); Buckingham, Gregg (Editor)

1999-01-01

430

1999 Research Reports: NASA/ASEE Summer Faculty Fellowship Program  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This document is a collection of technical reports on research conducted by the participants in the 1999 NASA/ASEE Summer Faculty Fellowship Program at the Kennedy Space Center (KSC). This was the 15th year that a NASA/ASEE program has been conducted at KSC. The 1999 program was administered by the University of Central Florida in cooperation with KSC. The program was operated under the auspices of the American Society for Engineering Education (ASEE and the Education Division, NASA Headquarters, Washington, DC, and KSC. The KSC Program was one of nine such Aeronautics and Space Research Programs funded by NASA Headquarters in 1999. The NASA/ASEE Program is intended to be a two-year program to allow in-depth research by the university faculty member.

Hosler, E. Ramon (Editor); Buckingham, Gregg (Editor)

2000-01-01

431

2000 Research Reports: NASA/ASEE Summer Faculty Fellowship Program  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This document is a collection of technical reports on research conducted by the participants in the 2000 NASA/ASEE Summer Faculty Fellowship Program at the Kennedy Space Center (KSC). This was the 16th year that a NASA/ASEE program has been conducted at KSC. The 2000 program was administered by the University of Central Florida in cooperation with KSC. The program was operated under the auspices of the American Society for Engineering Education (ASEE) with sponsorship and funding from the Education Division, NASA Headquarters, Washington, D.C., and KSC. The KSC Program was one of nine such Aeronautics and Space Research Programs funded by NASA in 2000. The NASA/ASEE Program is intended to be a two-year program to allow in-depth research by the university faculty member. The editors of this document were responsible for selecting appropriately qualified faculty to address some of the many problems of current interest to NASA/KSC.

Hosler, E. Ramon (Editor); Buckingham, Gregg (Editor)

2001-01-01

432

NASA/ASEE Summer Faculty Fellowship Program. 1994 research reports  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This document is a collection of technical reports on research conducted by the participants in the 1994 NASA/ASEE Summer Faculty Fellowship Program at Kennedy Space Center (KSC). This was the tenth year that a NASA/ASEE program has been conducted at KSC. The 1994 program was administered by the University of Central Florida in cooperation with KSC. The program was operated under the auspices of the American Society for Engineering Education (ASEE) with sponsorship and funding from the Office of Educational Affairs, NASA Headquarters, Washington, D.C. The KSC Program was one of nine such Aeronautics and Space Research Programs funded by NASA Headquarters in 1994. The NASA/ASEE program is intended to be a two-year program to allow in-depth research by the University faculty member. The editors of this document were responsible for selecting appropriately qualified faculty to address some of the many problems of current interest to NASA/KSC.

Anderson, Loren A. (editor); Hosler, E. Ramon (editor); Camp, Warren (editor)

1994-01-01

433

Fusion Research Center, theory program. Progress report  

SciTech Connect

The Texas FRC theory program is directed primarily toward understanding the initiation, heating, and confinement of tokamak plasmas. It supports and complements the experimental programs on the TEXT and PRETEXT devices, as well as providing information generally applicable to the national tokamak program. A significant fraction of the Center's work has been carried out in collaboration with, or as a part of, the program of the Institute for Fusion Studies (IFS). During the past twelve months, 14 FRC theory reports and 12 IFS reports with partial FRC support have been issued (Appendices A and B).

Not Available

1982-01-01

434

Geological hazards programs and research in the U. S. A  

SciTech Connect

Geological hazards have been studied for centuries, but government support of research to lessen their effects is relatively new. This article briefly describes government programs and research underway in the U.S.A. that are directed towards reducing losses of life and property from earthquakes, volcanic eruptions and landslides. The National Earthquake program is described, including four basic research areas: plate tectonics; estimation of the earthquakes; and effects and hazards assessment. The Volcano Studies Program has three areas of research: fundamentals of volcanoes; hazards assessments; and volcano monitoring. Three research areas are included in landslide studies: land slide processes; prediction; inventory and susceptibility studies.

Filson, J.R. (Geological Survey, Reston, VA (USA))

1988-01-01

435

Exploratory Technology Research Program for Electrochemical Energy Storage  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This report summarizes the progress made by the Exploratory Technology Research (ETR) Program for Electrochemical Energy Storage during calendar year 1992. The primary objective of the ETR Program, which is sponsored by the US Department of Energy (DOE) and managed by Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory (LBL), is to identify electrochemical technologies that can satisfy stringent performance, durability, and economic requirements for electric vehicles (EV's). The ultimate goal is to transfer the most-promising electrochemical technologies to the private sector or to another DOE program (e.g., SNL's Electric Vehicle Advanced Battery Systems Development Program, EVABS) for further development and scale-up. Besides LBL, which has overall responsibility for the ETR Program, LANL and BNL have participated in the ETR Program by providing key research support in several of the program elements. The ETR Program consists of three major elements: Exploratory Research; Applied Science Research; and Air Systems Research. The objectives and the specific battery and electrochemical systems addressed by each program element are discussed in the following sections, which also include technical summaries that relate to the individual programs. Financial information that relates to the various programs and a description of the management activities for the ETR Program are described in the Executive Summary.

Kinoshita, K.

1993-10-01

436

U.S. Army Research Institute Program in Basic Research FY 2005 and FY 2006.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This document contains detailed summaries for each of the U.S. Army Research Institute's basic research contracts for the fiscal years 2005-2006. These summaries are grouped according to three Basic Research Office program objectives: Providing fundamenta...

P. A. Gade

2007-01-01

437

GOALS AND CURRENT RESEARCH OF EPA'S STREAM RESTORATION RESEARCH PROGRAM  

EPA Science Inventory

The US EPA is involved in ongoing research on stream and riparian restoration. This presentation is designed to discuss current EPA research efforts, identify key issues in the science and practice of stream restoration, and to help frame a future National Research Council study...

438

Interdisciplinary Research Programs in Geophysical Fluid Dynamics.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Geophysics Fluid Dynamics (GFD) program consists of a summer study school of ten weeks duration each summer. The primary aim of the program is to visit a different specific area of GFD each summer, review fundamentals, and to help each other to conduc...

J. A. Whitehead N. J. Balmforth P. J. Morrison

2006-01-01

439

Interdisciplinary Research Programs in Geophysical Fluid Dynamics.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Geophysics Fluid Dynamics (GFD) program consists of a summer study school often weeks duration each summer. The primary aim ol the program is to visit a different specific area of GFD each summer, review fundamentals, and to help each other to conduct...

J. A. Whitehead N. J. Balmforth P. J. Morrison

2009-01-01

440

Negotiating Researcher Roles in Ethnographic Program Evaluation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We argue for the value of postmodernism in illuminating the roles or subject positions of ethnographic program evaluators. Drawing upon data from an ethnographic study of a summer college readiness program for African American, Asian American, and Anglo youth, we explore how postmodern theories can provide insights into the multiple roles of…

Harklau, Linda; Norwood, Rachel

2005-01-01

441

STAFFING NEW PROGRAMS, A RESEARCH STUDY.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

ANALYSIS OF DATA FROM 146 SCHOOLS ACROSS THE COUNTRY SHOWS ACQUISITION OF QUALIFIED STAFF PERSONNEL TO BE A MAJOR DIFFICULTY IN OPERATING NEW SCHOOL PROGRAMS. THE EIGHT MOST DIFFICULT PROGRAMS TO STAFF WERE PRESCHOOL, REMEDIAL READING, ELEMENTARY SCHOOL LIBRARIANS, SOCIAL WORKERS, TEACHERS FOR EMOTIONALLY DISTURBED CHILDREN, PSYCHOLOGISTS, SPEECH…

KRANTZ, LAVERN L.

442

Interdisciplinary Research Programs in Geophysical Fluid Dynamics.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Geophysics Fluid Dynamics (GFD) program consists of a summer study school of ten weeks duration each summer. The primary aim of the program is to visit a different specific area of GFD each summer, review fundamentals, and to help each other to conduc...

J. A. Whitehead

2004-01-01

443

A Multifaceted Program To Encourage Medical Students' Research.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the successful encouragement of student research provided by the Office of Student Research Opportunities (OSRO) at Mount Sinai School of Medicine. The OSRO advises students, identifies faculty who want to mentor students, sponsors the Distinction in Research program, organizes an annual research day, helps fund summer and full-time…

Zier, Karen; Stagnaro-Green, Alex

2001-01-01

444

Preconference Educational Research Training Program in Music Education. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The 1970 Preconference Educational Research Training Program (RTP) provided three 3-day sessions of intensive research training for a total of 160 music educators from across the country. The primary purpose of the RTP activity was to provide music education researchers and users of research with intensive training in three major areas (1)…

Petzold, Robert; And Others

445

Cooperative research program in coal liquefaction  

SciTech Connect

Research continues on coal liquefaction in the following areas: (1) Iron Based Catalysts for Coal Liquefaction; (2) Exploratory Research on Coal Conversion; (3) Novel Coal Liquefaction Concepts; (4) Novel Catalysts for Coal Liquefaction. (VC)

Huffman, G.P. (ed.)

1992-01-01

446

Cooperative research program in coal liquefaction  

SciTech Connect

This Quarterly Report on coal liquefaction research includes discussion in the areas of (1) Iron Based Catalysts for Coal Liquefaction; (2) Exploratory Research on Coal Conversion; (3) Novel Coal Liquefaction Concepts; (4) Novel Catalysts for Coal Liquefaction. (VC)

Huffman, G.P. (ed.)

1991-01-01

447

Research Programs Constituting U.S. Participation in the International Biological Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The United States contribution to the International Biological Program, which aims to understand more clearly the interrelationships within ecosystems, is centered on multidisciplinary research programs investigating the biological basis of ecological productivity and human welfare. Integrated research programs have been established for the…

National Academy of Sciences--National Research Council, Washington, DC. Div. of Biology and Agriculture.

448

USAF Summer Research Program - 1995 Summer Faculty Research Program Final Reports, Volume 6A, AEDC, FJSRL, WHMC, and ALCs.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The United States Air Force Summer Faculty Research Program (USAF- SFRP) is designed to introduce university, college, and technical institute faculty members to Air Force research. This is accomplished by the faculty members being selected on a nationall...

G. Moore

1995-01-01

449

Diagnostics Research | Cancer Diagnosis Program (CDP)  

Cancer.gov

Skip to Content Search this site Main Support for Clinical and Translational Research Advice and Resources for Researchers Diagnostics Evaluation Branch Staff Last Updated: 03/05/10 Who is Needed on the Research Team? Although the concept for a new

450

Changes in the Capacity of Visual Working Memory in 5- to 10-Year-Olds  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using the Luck and Vogel change detection paradigm, we sought to investigate the capacity of visual working memory in 5-, 7-, and 10-year-olds. We found that performance on the task improved significantly with age and also obtained evidence that the capacity of visual working memory approximately doubles between 5 and 10 years of age, where it…

Riggs, Kevin J.; McTaggart, James; Simpson, Andrew; Freeman, Richard P. J.

2006-01-01

451

Duration of effectiveness of pertussis vaccine: evidence from a 10 year community study  

Microsoft Academic Search

A 10 year study of whooping cough in a discrete general practice community was performed to assess longitudinally the efficacy of pertussis vaccine from one to seven years after immunisation. Of the 436 cases of whooping cough over 10 years, 326 occurred in children aged 1-7 years. The rate of immunisation was known for each cohort of children born during

Douglas Jenkinson

1988-01-01

452

Prevalence and correlates of depression symptoms at 10 years after heart transplantation: continuous attention required  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigates the presence and correlates of symptoms of depression at 5 and 10 years after heart transplantation, with particular attention given to patients showing symptoms at both time points. Prevalence of depression symptoms were studied in 41 patients, prospectively, at 5 and 10 years after heart transplantation. We examined potential correlates of depression symptoms (i.e. worse functional capacity,

Fabienne Dobbels; Sabina De Geest; Sandra Martin; Johan Van Cleemput; Walter Droogne; Johan Vanhaecke

2004-01-01

453

Self-Esteem during University Studies Predicts Career Characteristics 10 Years Later  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To examine how self-esteem measured during university studies would impact on the characteristics of the work career 10 years later, 297 university students completed the Rosenberg's self-esteem inventory four times while at university and various career-related questionnaires 10 years later. Latent Growth Curve Modeling showed that a high overall…

Salmela-Aro, Katariina; Nurmi, Jari-Erik

2007-01-01

454

Assessment Study of an Undergraduate Research Training Abroad Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Old Westbury Neuroscience International Research Program (OWNIP) encourages undergraduate students from health disparities populations and underrepresented minorities to pursue careers in basic science, biomedical, clinical, and behavioral health research fields. To evaluate this program, several measures were used tracked through an online…

Nieto-Fernandez, Fernando; Race, Kathryn; Quarless, Duncan A.

2013-01-01

455

Programs for Invasive Research in North American Zoos and Aquariums  

Microsoft Academic Search

Zoo-based research in North America is an emerging field, which has progressed from an ad hoc approach in a small number of zoos to a coordinated, integrated network of scientists with recognized research programs in approxi- mately one half of the accredited institutions in North America. The disciplines most active in these programs— veterinary medicine and pathology, nutrition, reproductive biology,

Karen L. Goodrowe

456

Laboratory Directed Research and Development Program FY98  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Ernest Orlando Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL or Berkeley Lab) Laboratory Directed Research and Development Program FY 1998 report is compiled from annual reports submitted by principal investigators following the close of the fiscal year. This report describes the supported projects and summarizes their accomplishments. It constitutes a part of the Laboratory Directed Research and Development (LDRD) program planning

T. Hansen; M. Chartock

1999-01-01

457

Demonstration and Research Center for Early Education (DARCEE). Program Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document is the first in a series of 12 early childhood program descriptions compiled by the Far West Laboratory for Educational Research and Development. The program described here is the Demonstration and Research Center for Early Education (DARCEE) which was established at the George Peabody College for Teachers in Nashville, Tennessee, in…

Far West Lab. for Educational Research and Development, Berkeley, CA.

458

Colorado Cancer Research Program (CCRP) - National Cancer Institute  

Cancer.gov

Colorado Cancer Research Program (CCRP) was established in 1983 and designated by NCI as a Community Clinical Oncology Program (CCOP). CCRP incorporated and became a stand-alone nonprofit organization in 1989. Its founding was the vision of local oncologists who wanted to ensure that Colorado residents could benefit from cancer clinical research and receive treatment from their local oncologists.

459

ANNUAL CATALYST RESEARCH PROGRAM REPORT (2ND): SUMMARY  

EPA Science Inventory

This report constitutes the second Annual Report of the ORD Catalyst Research Program required by the Administrator as noted in his testimony before the Senate Public Works Committee on November 6, 1973. It includes all research aspects of this broad multi-disciplinary program in...

460

Doctoral Program in Audio-Visual Communication Research. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Program objectives may be summarized as follows: (1) to provide an opportunity for outstanding students to become trained in research through participation in a doctoral program having a special emphasis on audiovisual communication; (2) to produce persons trained in the research skills that are essential for the development, implementation, and…

Jwaideh, Alice R.

461

SOIL AND FILL LABORATORY SUPPORT - 1991, FLORIDA RADON RESEARCH PROGRAM  

EPA Science Inventory

The report gives results of soil analysis laboratory work by the University of Florida in support of the Florida Radon Research Program (FRRP). nalyses were performed on soil and fill samples collected during 1991 by the FRRP Research House program and the New House Evaluation pr...

462

The Role of Social Research in Effective Social Change Programs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Social research is a critical foundation for programs that seek to engage communities in change and in the development of more sustainable societies. Without appropriate research, programs aimed at change are likely to be based on implicit or assumed problem identification and/or inferred community needs and wishes. If we are to achieve community…

McLoughlin, Lynne; Young, Geoff

2005-01-01

463

Organ Site-Specific SPOREs | Translational Research Program (TRP)  

Cancer.gov

SPORE (Specialized Program of Research Excellence) in Cervical Cancer at the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, University of Alabama at Birmingham and University of Colorado brings together a highly interactive, multidisciplinary, and inter-institutional program of translational research in cervical cancer. The SPORE includes four integrated projects spanning the fields of prevention and treatment of cervical cancer.

464

Research Ready Program: A First in Regional South Australia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In response to the South Australian Certificate of Education (SACE) Board's introduction in 2010 of the new Research Project subject, the University of South Australia's Centre for Participation and Community Engagement took the opportunity to engage further with school students by organising the Research Ready Program. The adoption of the program

Penman, Joy; Oliver, Mary

2012-01-01

465

ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES RESEARCH IN THE US EPA CLIMATE PROGRAM  

EPA Science Inventory

The Office of Research and Development in the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency has begun a new research program in Global Climate change. his program is designed to assess, evaluate, and predict the ecological, environmental, and human health consequences of global change, in...

466

Systematic Dissemination of Research and Development Program Improvement Efforts.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A systematic approach to disseminaton of vocational education research and development program improvement efforts is comprehensive, effective, and efficient. Systematic dissemination is a prerequisite link to assessing impact of research and development--for program improvement to occur, successful dissemination is crucial. A systematic approach…

Sanders, Carol S.

467

Designing and implementing an authentic science research program  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Science research programs have become a popular elective course in high schools around the country. As the popularity of these programs grows, school districts need a guide by which to implement science research in their own schools. This study sought to provide this information by answering the following questions: (1) What are the most important features in existing research program models? (2) How do schools that have an existing research program define "success"? (3) How do different factors (i.e., budget, professional development, scheduling, recruitment effort, curriculum, and mentors) affect the scope and implementation of a research program? (4) Which features and factors support inclusiveness as a goal for a research program? (5) What kinds of indicators are appropriate for assessing the progress toward an inclusive science research program? After reviewing the literature, six sites with existing research programs were selected for participation in the study. Interviews with teachers and students were conducted during site visits. Interviews with mentors were conducted by telephone. Although the six models in this study were different from one another, there were common characteristics. Students conducted their own review of the literature. Upon completion of the actual research, students published or otherwise communicated their findings to the larger scientific community through regional and national competitions and non-competitive science symposia. This study was also able to identify significant elements that contribute to successful programs. These included: teacher selection; budget requirements; mentor qualities; recruitment and retention practices; and overall structure. As a result of the findings during the research, this study makes recommendations for the successful implementation of a research program.

Rosvally, Harry Edward, Jr.

468

An Action Research Strategy for Selecting and Conducting Program Evaluations.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes and defines dimensions of program evaluation--target, purpose, and stage--relevant to school psychologists, combining them into a conceptual framework indicating 48 different types of program evaluation. Incorporates relevant aspects of existing program evaluation strategies and action research, affording practitioners a strategy for…

Midkiff, Robert McKinley, Jr.; Burke, Joy Patricia

1987-01-01

469

NASA Ames Summer High School Apprenticeship Research Program  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Summer High School Apprenticeship Research Program (SHARP) is described. This program is designed to provide engineering experience for gifted female and minority high school students. The students from this work study program which features trips, lectures, written reports, and job experience describe their individual work with their mentors.

Powell, P.

1985-01-01

470

Exploratory Technology Research Program for electrochemical energy storage  

Microsoft Academic Search

The U.S. Department of Energy's Office of Propulsion Systems provides support for an Electrochemical Energy Storage Program, that includes research and development (R&D) on advanced rechargeable batteries and fuel cells. A major goal of this program is to develop electrochemical power sources suitable for application in electric vehicles (EV's). The program centers on advanced systems that offer the potential for

Kim Kinoshita

1994-01-01

471

Exploratory technology research program for electrochemical energy storage  

Microsoft Academic Search

The U.S. Department of Energy's Office of Propulsion Systems provides support for an electrochemical energy storage program, that includes research and development (R&D) on advanced rechargeable batteries and fuel cells. A major goal of this program is to develop electrochemical power sources suitable for application in electric vehicles. The program centers on advanced systems that offer the potential for high

K. Kinoshita

1992-01-01

472

The REVEL Project: an Oceanographic Research Immersion Professional Development Program  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The REVEL Project (Research and Education: Volcanoes, Exploration and Life) is an NSF-funded, professional development program for middle and high school science teachers that are motivated to use deep-sea research and seafloor exploration as tools to implement inquiry-based science in their classrooms, schools, and districts, and to share their experiences with their communities. Initiated in 1996 as a regional program for Northwest science educators, REVEL evolved into a multi-institutional program inviting teachers to practice doing research on sea-going research expeditions. Today the project offers teachers throughout the U. S. an opportunity to participate and contribute to international, multidisciplinary, deep-sea research in the Northeast Pacific ocean to study the relationship between geological processes such as earthquakes and volcanism, fluid circulation and life on our planet. In addition, the program supports teachers to implement research-based, data-oriented activities in their classrooms, and prepares them to use curriculum that will enhance student learning through the research process. Evaluation for year 2003-2004 of the program reveals that the program is designed as a successful research immersion opportunity during which teachers learn content, process, culture and ethos of authentic research. Qualitative results indicate that teachers who have participated in the program assimilate the scientific process over several years and share their expertise in ways most beneficial for their communities for years to come.

Robigou, V.

2004-12-01

473

Basic research in electronic (JSEP): Joint Services Electronics Program  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This Annual Report presents a summary of the scientific progress and accomplishments on research projects funded by the Joint Services Electronics Program (JSEP) for the contract period from 1 April 1983 through 31 March 1984. It does not contain information regarding accomplishments on research projects funded in other ways. The Joint Services Electronics Program at the Polytechnic is the core of interdisciplinary research in electronics encompassing programs in the Departments of Electrical Engineering and Physics under the aegis of the Microwave Research Institute. The research encompassed by this program is grouped under three broad categories: Electromagnetics, Solid State Electronics and Information Electronics. The detailed projects (work units) comprising the complete program are listed in the Table of Contents.

Oliner, A. A.

1984-09-01

474

Investigator Resources | Translational Research Program (TRP)  

Cancer.gov

Skip to Content Search this site Investigator Resources Main SPORE Program Announcements Pre-Application Materials Frequently Used Terms SPORE Grant Application Forms Last Updated: 10/23/13 SPORE Grant Application Forms Application Submission System

475

Geothermal Energy Research Development and Demonstration Program  

SciTech Connect

The Federal program's goal, strategy, plans, and achievements are summarized. In addition, geothermal development by state and local governments and, where available, by the private sector is described. (MHR)

Not Available

1980-06-01

476

Clinical Trials | Radiation Research Program (RRP)  

Cancer.gov

Skip to Content Search this site Clinical Trials Main Cancer Therapy Evaluation Program National Clincal Trials Network NRG Oncology Imaging and Radiation Oncology Core Quality Assurance IMRT Guidelines (MS Word) Proton Guidelines (MS Word) Federal

477