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1

Indiana's Academic Standards: 10th Grade English/Language Arts.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This booklet of academic standards spells out what students should know and be able to do in Grade 10 English/Language Arts. The booklet gives examples to help students understand what is required to meet the standards and provides a list of 10 things parents can do to help their child get a good education. It outlines the following seven…

Indiana State Dept. of Education, Indianapolis.

2

Effect of a Graphing Calculator on a 10th-Grade Student's Study of Trigonometry  

Microsoft Academic Search

The author investigated the patterns of 1 student's mathematical thinking processes and described the nature of the learning experience that the student encountered in trigonometry as he engaged in independent explorations within an interactive technology environment. This qualitative case study was guided by the work of B. Bloom (1956), L. Burton (1984), and L. Colgan (1992). A 10th-grade student who

Sang Sook Choi-koh

2003-01-01

3

The School Compositional Effect of Single Parenthood on 10th-Grade Achievement.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Uses data from the National Education Longitudinal Study (NELS) to reveal a detrimental contextual effect on 10th-grade mathematics and reading achievement associated with attending a school with a high concentration of children from single-parent homes. Maintains this effect is evident even when individual demographic characteristics and family…

Pong, Suet-ling

1998-01-01

4

Teaching with a Symbolic Calculator in 10th Grade--Evaluation of a One Year Project  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A one year project was started in the school year 2003/04 to test the use of symbolic calculators (SC)--the TIVoyage 200--in six 10th grade classes of three grammar schools in Bavaria (Germany). The project was repeated in school year 2004/05. The evaluation of the project was intended to give answers to the following questions: how basic…

Weigand, Hans-Georg

2008-01-01

5

Tobacco use among 10th grade students in Istanbul and related variables.  

PubMed

Aim of this study was to determine prevalence of cigarette smoking and hookah use among 10th grade students in Istanbul, Turkey, and to compare sociodemographic, psychological and behavioral variables according to frequency of tobacco use. Cross-sectional online self-report survey conducted in 45 schools from the 15 districts in Istanbul/Turkey. The questionnaire included sections about demographic data, family characteristics, school life, psychological symptoms and use of substances including tobacco, hookah, alcohol, marijuana, volatiles, heroin, cocaine, non-prescribed legal tranquillizers (benzodiazepines, alprazolam etc.) and illegal tranquillizers (flunitrazepam). The analyses were conducted based on the 4957 subjects. Trial at least once in life is observed as 45.4% for hookah use and as 24.4% for cigarette use. Risk of hookah and cigarette use was significantly higher in male students than in female students. Frequency of tobacco use is related with various sociodemographic, psychological and behavioral variables. Our data also shows that using tobacco and alcohol increases the risk of all the other substances use and these effects are interrelated. The data suggest that there is a link between tobacco use and substance use, psychological, behavioral and social factors. There is also a strong association between tobacco use and suicidal behavior as well as self-mutilative, impulsive, hyperactive, delinquent, aggressive and behavioral problems. The illumination of these relationships may be relevant in prevention and management of tobacco use as well as important problems, such as substance use, impulsivity, hyperactivity, delinquent, aggressive self-mutilative and suicidal behavior among 10th grade students in Istanbul. PMID:24655632

Evren, Cuneyt; Evren, Bilge; Bozkurt, Muge

2014-04-01

6

School Climate and the Relationship to Student Learning of Hispanic 10th Grade Students in Arizona Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study provided an analysis of Hispanic 10th grade student academic achievement in the areas of mathematics, reading and writing as measured by the Arizona's Instrument to Measure Standards. The study is based on data of 163 school districts and 25,103 (95%) students in the state of Arizona as published by the Arizona Department of…

Nava Delgado, Mauricio

2011-01-01

7

Influence of V-Diagrams on 10th Grade Turkish Students' Achievement in the Subject of Mechanical Waves  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of the present study was to examine how the use of V-diagrams one of the learning techniques used in laboratory studies in experiments conducted regarding the 10th grade lesson unit of "waves" influenced students' achievements. In the study, a quasi-experimental design with a pretest and posttest control group was used. The study was…

Tekes, Hanife; Gonen, Selahattin

2012-01-01

8

Progression in Complexity: Contextualizing Sustainable Marine Resources Management in a 10th Grade Classroom  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Sustainable management of marine resources raises great challenges. Working with this socio-scientific issue in the classroom requires students to apply complex models about energy flow and trophic pyramids in order to understand that food chains represent transfer of energy, to construct meanings for sustainable resources management through discourse, and to connect them to actions and decisions in a real-life context. In this paper we examine the process of elaboration of plans for resources management in a marine ecosystem by 10th grade students (15-16 year) in the context of solving an authentic task. A complete class ( N = 14) worked in a sequence about ecosystems. Working in small groups, the students made models of energy flow and trophic pyramids, and used them to solve the problem of feeding a small community for a long time. Data collection included videotaping and audiotaping of all of the sessions, and collecting the students' written productions. The research objective is to examine the process of designing a plan for sustainable resources management in terms of the discursive moves of the students across stages in contextualizing practices, or different degrees of complexity (Jiménez-Aleixandre & Reigosa International Journal of Science Education, 14(1): 51-61 2006), understood as transformations from theoretical statements to decisions about the plan. The analysis of students' discursive moves shows how the groups progressed through stages of connecting different models, between them and with the context, in order to solve the task. The challenges related to taking this sustainability issue to the classroom are discussed.

Bravo-Torija, Beatriz; Jiménez-Aleixandre, María-Pilar

2012-01-01

9

Scope, Sequence & Coordination: 9th and 10th Grade Science. Supplementary Evaluation Report, December, 1997.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this report is to synthesize two other evaluation reports ascertaining the effectiveness of the Scope, Sequence & Coordination (SS&C) project on ninth and tenth grade student achievement of the National Science Education Standards. The overall evaluation utilized a time lag, post-test-only design in which the perceptions and…

Lawrenz, Frances; Huffman, Douglas

10

Investigating the intrinsic and extrinsic work values of 10th grade students in science-oriented charter schools  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The purpose of this study was to investigate to what extent gender, achievement level, and income level predict the intrinsic and extrinsic work values of 10th grade students. The study explored whether group differences were good predictors of scores in work values. The research was a descriptive, cross-sectional study conducted on 131 10th graders who attended science-oriented charter schools. Students took Super's Work Values Instrument, a Likert-type test that links to 15 work values, which can be categorized as intrinsic and extrinsic values (Super, 1970). Multiple regression analysis was employed as the main analysis followed by ANCOVA. Multiple regression analysis results indicated that there is evidence that 8.9% of the variance in intrinsic work values and 10.2% of the variance in extrinsic work values can be explained by the independent variables ( p < .05). Achievement Level and Income Level may help predict intrinsic work value scores; Achievement Level may also help predict extrinsic work values. Achievement Level was the covariate in ANCOVA. Results indicated that males (M = .174) in this sample have a higher mean of extrinsic work values than that of females (M = -.279). However, there was no statistically significant difference between the intrinsic work values by gender. One possible interpretation of this might be school choice; students in these science-oriented charter schools may have higher intrinsic work values regardless of gender. Results indicated that there was no statistically significant difference among the means of extrinsic work values by income level (p < .05). However, free lunch students (M = .268) have a higher mean of intrinsic work values than that of paid lunch students ( M = -.279). A possible interpretation of this might be that lower income students benefit greatly from the intrinsic work values in overcoming obstacles. Further research is needed in each of these areas. The study produced statistically significant results with little practical significance. Students, parents, teachers, and counselors may still be advised to consider the work value orientations of students during the career choice process.

Ozer, Ozgur

11

Effects of lifetime tobacco, alcohol and drug use on psychological and behavioral problems among 10th grade students in Istanbul.  

PubMed

Abstract Aims: The aim of this study was to determine the effects of life-time tobacco, alcohol, and substance use on psychological and behavioral variables among 10th grade students in Istanbul/Turkey. Materials and methods: This study employed a cross-sectional online self-report survey conducted in 45 schools from the 15 districts in Istanbul. The questionnaire featured a section about use of substances, including tobacco, alcohol, and drugs. The depression, anxiety, anger, assertiveness, sensation seeking and impulsiveness subscales of the Psychological Screening Test for Adolescents (PSTA) were used. The analyses were conducted based on 4957 subjects. Results: Logistic regression analyses were conducted with each school with the related and behavioral variables as the dependent variables. Gender, tobacco, alcohol, and drug use being the independent variables. All four independent variables predicted the dependent variables. Lifetime tobacco and drug use had significant effects on all the subscale score, whereas lifetime alcohol use had significant effects on all the subscale scores other than lack of assertiveness, and male gender was a significant covariant for all the subscale scores. Drug use showed the highest effect on dependent variables. Interaction was found between effects of tobacco and alcohol on anxiety, whereas interactions were found between effects of tobacco and drugs on lack of assertiveness and impulsiveness. Conclusions: The findings suggested that male students with lifetime tobacco, alcohol or drug use have particularly high risk of psychological and behavioral problems. The unique effects of substance clusters on these problems may be useful in developing secondary preventive practices for substance use and abuse problems in Istanbul. PMID:25460280

Evren, Cuneyt; Evren, Bilge; Bozkurt, Muge; Ciftci-Demirci, Arzu

2014-12-01

12

VVER-1000 weapons-grade MOX computational benchmark analysis  

SciTech Connect

Calculations of computational benchmark problems for the disposition of weapons-grade plutonium fuel in VVER-1000 reactors have been performed under the Joint US/Russian Fissile Material Disposition Program. The benchmarks cover pin cell, single fuel assembly, and multi-assembly structures with several different fuel types, moderator densities, and boron content for operational and off-normal conditions. Fuel depletion is performed to a burnup of 60 MWd/kgHM. The results of the analysis of the benchmarks with US and Russian code systems have been compared and indicated good agreement among the different methods and data.

Kalugin, M.A.; Lazarenko, A.P.; Kalahnikov, A.G.; Gehin, J.C.

2000-05-07

13

A Typology of Chemistry Classroom Environments: Exploring the Relationships between 10th Grade Students' Perceptions, Attitudes and Gender  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present study was the first in Greece in which educational effectiveness theory constituted a knowledge base for investigating the impact of chemistry classroom environment in 10 Grade students' enjoyment of class. An interpretive heuristic schema was developed and utilised in order to incorporate two factors of teacher behaviour at…

Giallousi, M.; Gialamas, V.; Pavlatou, E. A.

2013-01-01

14

Water: How Good is Good Enough? Student Book. Science Module (9th-10th Grade Chemistry). Revised Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This learning module is designed to integrate environmental education into ninth- and tenth-grade chemistry classes. This module and a companion social studies module were pilot tested in Gwinnett County, Georgia in classes of students, many of whom had learning disabilities. It emphasizes activity learning. The module is divided into four parts.…

Georgia Univ., Athens. Coll. of Education.

15

Effect of cooperative learning strategies on student verbal interactions and achievement during conceptual change instruction in 10th grade general science  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This study evaluated the effects of cooperative learning on students' verbal interaction patterns and achievement in a conceptual change instructional model in secondary science. Current conceptual change instructional models recognize the importance of student-student verbal interactions, but lack specific strategies to encourage these interactions. Cooperative learning may provide the necessary strategies. Two sections of low-ability 10th-grade students were designated the experimental and control groups. Students in both sections received identical content instruction on the particle model of matter using conceptual change teaching strategies. Students worked in teacher-assigned small groups on in-class assignments. The experimental section used cooperative learning strategies involving instruction in collaborative skills and group evaluation of assignments. The control section received no collaborative skills training and students were evaluated individually on group work. Gains on achievement were assessed using pre- and posttreatment administrations of an investigator-designed short-answer essay test. The assessment strategies used in this study represent an attempt to measure conceptual change. Achievement was related to students' ability to correctly use appropriate scientific explanations of events and phenomena and to discard use of naive conceptions. Verbal interaction patterns of students working in groups were recorded on videotape and analyzed using an investigator-designed verbal interaction scheme. The targeted verbalizations used in the interaction scheme were derived from the social learning theories of Piaget and Vygotsky. It was found that students using cooperative learning strategies showed greater achievement gains as defined above and made greater use of specific verbal patterns believed to be related to increased learning. The results of the study demonstrated that cooperative learning strategies enhance conceptual change instruction. More research is needed to identify the specific variables mediating the effects of cooperative learning strategies on conceptual change learning. The methods employed in this study may provide some of the tools for this research.

Lonning, Robert A.

16

Teachers' Perceptions of the Effectiveness of Benchmark Assessment Data to Predict Student Math Grades  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this correlational quantitative study was to examine the extent to which teachers perceive the use of benchmark assessment data as effective; the extent to which the time spent teaching mathematics is associated with students' mathematics grades, and the extent to which the results of math benchmark assessment influence teachers'…

Lewis, Lawanna M.

2010-01-01

17

Trends in Substance Use among 6th-to 10th-Grade Students from 1998 to 2010: Findings from a National Probability Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Of the handful of national studies tracking trends in adolescent substance use in the United States, only the Health Behavior in School-Aged Children (HBSC) study collects data from 6th through 10th graders. The purpose of this study was to examine trends from 1998 to 2010 (four time points) in the prevalence of tobacco, alcohol, and marijuana use…

Brooks-Russell, Ashley; Farhat, Tilda; Haynie, Denise; Simons-Morton, Bruce

2014-01-01

18

Establishing Benchmarks of Progress for Middle Grades Sites  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Schools that become part of the "Making Middle Grades Work" network are expected to use the middle grades comprehensive improvement framework to show progress in changing school and classroom practices in ways that advance student achievement. True school reform is not a quick process. It is a continuous effort to make purposeful and planned…

Southern Regional Education Board (SREB), 2006

2006-01-01

19

Social Studies: Standards, End of Grade Cluster Benchmarks, Performance Indicators. Grades 9-12. Revised.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This Delaware state content standards booklet for teaching grades 9-12 social studies in Delaware begins with a one page chart outlining information for the disciplines of civics, economics, geography, and U.S. history. The booklet addresses standards for civics, lists end of cluster expectations for the end of grade 11, and cites grade-by-grade

Delaware State Dept. of Public Instruction, Dover.

20

Modeles de rendement langagier: Francais, 10e annee. Francais langue premiere (Models of Linguistic Production: French, 10th Grade. French as a Native Language).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Aligned with its 1998 standards for first- and second-language learning, Alberta Learning has published lesson plans that aim for a closer relationship between learning and evaluation. Each volume in this series presents a specific task for students that involves planning, carrying out, and evaluating their work. The task for tenth grade students…

Alberta Learning, Edmonton. Direction de l'education francaise.

21

The Impact of Internet Virtual Physics Laboratory Instruction on the Achievement in Physics, Science Process Skills and Computer Attitudes of 10th-Grade Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to investigate and compare the impact of Internet Virtual Physics Laboratory (IVPL) instruction\\u000a with traditional laboratory instruction in physics academic achievement, performance of science process skills, and computer\\u000a attitudes of tenth grade students. One-hundred and fifty students from four classes at one private senior high school in Taoyuan\\u000a Country, Taiwan, R.O.C. were sampled. All

Kun-Yuan Yang; Jia-Sheng Heh

2007-01-01

22

Social Studies: Standards, End of Grade Cluster Benchmarks, Performance Indicators. Grades 6-8. Revised.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This Delaware state content standards booklet for teaching grades 6-8 social studies in Delaware public schools begins with a one page chart outlining information for the disciplines of civics, economics, geography, and U.S. history. The booklet addresses standards for civics, lists end of cluster expectations for the end of grade eight, and cites…

Delaware State Dept. of Public Instruction, Dover.

23

Social Studies: Standards, End of Grade Cluster Benchmarks, Performance Indicators. Grades K-5. Revised.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This Delaware state content standards booklet for teaching grades K-5 social studies in Delaware public schools begins with a one page chart outlining information for the disciplines of civics, economics, geography, and U.S. history. The booklet addresses standards for civics, lists end of cluster expectations for the end of grade three and the…

Delaware State Dept. of Public Instruction, Dover.

24

FABIANS AT THE 10TH INTERNATIONAL MYCOLOGICAL  

E-print Network

95 FABIANS AT THE 10TH INTERNATIONAL MYCOLOGICAL CONGRESS Prepared by Stephen Taerum The 10th International Mycological Congress (IMC10) was held this year from August 3 to 8 in Bangkok, Thailand. This meeting is the world's largest mycological conference, bringing together mycologists with a wide diversity

25

ECWT' 07 10th European Conf. on Wireless Technology 10th  

E-print Network

ECWT' 07 ­ 10th European Conf. on Wireless Technology ­ 10th European Microwave Week, Munich, Germany, Oct.2007 European Microwave Association (EuMA) and IEEE Microwave Theory and Techniques (MTT of different channels between the transmitter and the receiver due to the existence of multipath propagation

Cambridge, University of

26

The Effect of Explicitly Differentiated Reading Instruction Groups on Eighth-Grade Students' Achievement, Behavior, and Engagement in a School Seeking to Reestablish Adequate Yearly Progress Benchmarks  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of explicitly differentiated reading instruction groups on eighth-grade students' achievement, behavior, and engagement in a school seeking to reestablish adequate yearly progress benchmarks. The results of this study supported student participation in explicitly differentiated reading…

Dunphy, Sean P.

2010-01-01

27

October 10th Daejeon Convention Center, KOREA  

E-print Network

of Science and Technology Daejeon is located in the center of South Korea and has a pivotal functionOctober 10th ~16th , 2010 Daejeon Convention Center, KOREA Managed by Organized by Hosted by The 23 built among global tokamak facilities, is a superconducting tokamak facility developed in Korea

28

Proceedings of the 10th International  

E-print Network

Proceedings of the 10th International Symposium on Health Information Management Research ­ iSHIMR 2005 1 Identification of the Risk Related to a Process on Hospital Emergency Service: a Case Study to the associated risk to the processes developed in an Emergency Service of an important Portuguese Hospital

29

Columbines 10th Anniversary Finds Lessons Learned  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

When school administrators hear that the 10th anniversary of the Columbine High School attack is approaching, most shake their heads in disbelief. They are amazed that 10 years have passed since this watershed event, which changed the landscape of K-12 school safety. In this article, the author reflects on the lessons learned from the Columbine…

Trump, Kenneth S.

2009-01-01

30

Grading  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Many criticisms have been launched against grades in general because of their perceived failure to portray student achievement accurately. In many instances, these criticisms are just. But, if student grades are reflections of measurable instructional obj

Christmann, Edwin P.; Badgett, John L.

2008-11-01

31

10th Arnual Great Moonbuggy Race  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Students from across the United States and as far away as Puerto Rico came to Huntsville, Alabama for the 10th annual Great Moonbuggy Race at the U.S. Space Rocket Center. Sixty-eight teams, representing high schools and colleges from all over the United States, and Puerto Rico, raced human powered vehicles over a lunar-like terrain. Vehicles powered by two team members, one male and one female, raced one at a time over a half-mile obstacle course of simulated moonscape terrain. The competition is inspired by development, some 30 years ago, of the Lunar Roving Vehicle (LRV), a program managed by the Marshall Space Flight Center. The LRV team had to design a compact, lightweight, all-terrain vehicle that could be transported to the Moon in the small Apollo spacecraft. The Great Moonbuggy Race challenges students to design and build a human powered vehicle so they will learn how to deal with real-world engineering problems similar to those faced by the actual NASA LRV team. In this photograph, racers from C-1 High School in Lafayette County, Missouri, get ready to tackle the course. The team pedaled its way to victory over 29 other teams to take first place honors. It was the second year in a row a team from the school has placed first in the high school division. (NASA/MSFC)

2003-01-01

32

10th Arnual Great Moonbuggy Race  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Students from across the United States and as far away as Puerto Rico came to Huntsville, Alabama for the 10th annual Great Moonbuggy Race at the U.S. Space Rocket Center. Sixty-eight teams, representing high schools and colleges from all over the United States, and Puerto Rico, raced human powered vehicles over a lunar-like terrain. Vehicles powered by two team members, one male and one female, raced one at a time over a half-mile obstacle course of simulated moonscape terrain. The competition is inspired by development, some 30 years ago, of the Lunar Roving Vehicle (LRV), a program managed by the Marshall Space Flight Center. The LRV team had to design a compact, lightweight, all-terrain vehicle that could be transported to the Moon in the small Apollo spacecraft. The Great Moonbuggy Race challenges students to design and build a human powered vehicle so they will learn how to deal with real-world engineering problems similar to those faced by the actual NASA LRV team. In this photograph, Team No. 1 from North Dakota State University in Fargo conquers one of several obstacles on their way to victory. The team captured first place honors in the college level competition.

2003-01-01

33

An Examination of Ohio’s Physical Education Academic Content Standard 4, Benchmark A for Grades 9-12  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: The purpose of this study was to describe select physical education teachers’ perceptions of the effectiveness and accuracy of the assessments for Ohio's Physical Education Academic Content Standard 4 Benchmark A in determining the fitness and physical activity levels of high school students. A secondary purpose was to describe the fitness levels of high school physical education students, based

Gabriel Jones

2011-01-01

34

G. Vlad 10th ITPA MHD Topical Group Meeting at IPP-Garching 10th -12th October 2007 1 Progress and plans for the  

E-print Network

G. Vlad 10th ITPA MHD Topical Group Meeting at IPP-Garching 10th -12th October 2007 1 Progress. Takechi (JT-60U) W.W. Heidbrink, M.A. Van Zeeland (DIII-D) #12;G. Vlad 10th ITPA MHD Topical Group Meeting (but particle nonlinearities fully retained) #12;G. Vlad 10th ITPA MHD Topical Group Meeting at IPP

Vlad, Gregorio

35

Benchmark Characterization  

Microsoft Academic Search

An abstract system of benchmark characteristics that makes it possible, in the beginning of the design stage, to design with benchmark performance in mind is presented. The benchmark characteristics for a set of commonly used benchmarks are then shown. The benchmark set used includes some benchmarks from the Systems Performance Evaluation Cooperative. The SPEC programs are industry-standard applications that use

Thomas M. Conte; Wen-mei W. Hwu

1991-01-01

36

EDITORIAL: 10th anniversary of attosecond pulses 10th anniversary of attosecond pulses  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Attosecond science is an emerging field prompted by the development of attosecond light sources during the last decade. Since shorter light sources can diagnose faster phenomena, the generation of very short light pulses is critical in ultrafast measurements. In 2001 two groups at Commissariat à l'Energie Atomique (CEA), Saclay, and Technische Universität Wien (TUW), Vienna, succeeded in proving the production of attosecond pulse trains and isolated attosecond pulses using high harmonic generation processes, respectively. For the temporal characterization, cross correlation techniques such as RABITT and FROG CRAB that make use of the photoionization of atoms by harmonic and infrared pulses have been demonstrated, in addition to autocorrelation techniques. Femtosecond laser technology has progressed so well that carrier envelope phase (CEP)-stabilized few cycle lasers are now widely used in the production of attosecond pulses. For the generation of isolated attosecond pulses the high-harmonic generation processes have been controlled: the amplitude gating method has been powerful with CEP-stabilized sub-two-cycle laser pulses and the temporal gating methods, including polarization gating and double optical gating, have been effective in accommodating multi-cycle laser pulses. In achieving near transform-limited attosecond pulses the compensation of the inherent attosecond chirp by material dispersion has been useful. The attosecond pulse duration has reached sub-100 attoseconds both for attosecond pulse trains and isolated attosecond pulses, and it is expected that attosecond pulses shorter than one atomic unit (24 as) will be obtained soon. With attosecond light sources, attosecond science has become an active research field. Ultrafast phenomena in atoms and molecules have been looked at in detail, especially in the time domain. The photoionization processes of atoms and molecules occurring in sub-optical cycles have been analyzed, and ultrafast characteristic times in atoms and molecules, such as Auger decay time and autoionization lifetime, have been measured directly as compared to indirect spectroscopic measurements normally done using synchrotron light sources. The reconstruction of molecular orbital wave functions has been demonstrated by developing the molecular tomography method. Ultrafast phenomena in condensed matter and in nanostructures have been tackled also. The successful development of attosecond light sources has thus opened up a variety of new research activities in ultrafast optical science; it will be continued and accelerated further in coming years with intensive research investments by more groups joining the field of attosecond science. In this special issue celebrating the 10th year of attosecond pulse generation 6 review articles and 16 regular articles are included. Although it does not cover all active research areas, we sincerely hope it gives a glimpse of active research activities in attosecond science throughout the world.

Kienberger, Reinhard; Chang, Zenghu; Nam, Chang Hee

2012-04-01

37

The impact journey DESCRIBE: London 10th April 2013  

E-print Network

The impact journey DESCRIBE: London 10th April 2013 Sarah Morton, Co-Director CRFR and Knowledge · Development of framework to assess impact · Work on evaluating complex interventions #12;What is research impact? #12;#12;Differentiating use and impact Research uptake: people are interested in research, read

Mumby, Peter J.

38

Proceedings of 10th International Symposium "Transport and Air Pollution"  

E-print Network

Proceedings of 10th International Symposium "Transport and Air Pollution" September 17-19, 2001 ­ Boulder, Colorado USA Air pollution mapping over a city ­ virtual stations and morphological indicators Surveillance et l'tude de la Pollution atmosphrique en Alsace), Schiltigheim, FRANCE Abstract Air quality

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

39

NADEOSA 10th Anniversary Conference Formal Evaluation Report  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

NADEOSA held its 10th anniversary conference during August 2006 on the theme "Celebrating 10 years of NADEOSA. Exploring the role of ICTs in addressing educational needs: Identifying the myths and miracles." The conference evaluation strategy consisted of a number of consciously planned processes, a dialogical and reflective account which had been…

South African Journal of Higher Education, 2007

2007-01-01

40

The Generalized Star-Height Problem 10th January 2014  

E-print Network

The Generalized Star-Height Problem Tom Bourne 10th January 2014 Tom Bourne The Generalized Star-Height Star-Height Problem #12;Regular Expressions Given an alphabet A, we define (the empty set), (the The Generalized Star-Height Problem #12;Star-Height The star-height h(E) of a regular expression E is defined

St Andrews, University of

41

Prevalence and Patterns of Polysubstance Use in a Nationally Representative Sample of 10th Graders in the United States  

PubMed Central

Purpose The current study examines the prevalence and demographic correlates of self-reported substance use and identifies subgroups of polysubstance users among a cohort of US 10th grade students. Methods A nationally representative school-based cohort of US 10th grade students completed the NEXT Generation Health Study baseline survey in the spring of 2010 (N = 2,524). Results Past-year use of marijuana was most common among illicit drugs (26%), followed by misuse of medication (9%) and use of other illicit drugs (8%). During the past month, alcohol use was reported by more than one-third (35%), binge drinking by 27%, and cigarette smoking by 19%. Results further show that substance use varied somewhat by demographic characteristics. Results from the latent class analysis of polysubstance use indicated a 4-class solution as the best-fitting model; Class 1 (59%) included the ‘non-user’ group; Class 2 (23%) comprised the ‘predominant alcohol user’ group; Class 3 (11%) formed the ‘predominant marijuana user’ group; Class 4 (8%) was characterized as the ‘predominant polysubstance user’ group. Somatic and depressive symptoms varied significantly by class membership, with predominant polysubstance users reporting elevated levels of somatic and depressive symptoms. Conclusions The findings from this national study of 10th-grade students indicate high rates of substance and polysubstance use. The high level of depressive and somatic symptoms among polysubstance users indicates the need for mental health screening and referral. PMID:23465320

Conway, Kevin P.; Vullo, Genevieve C.; Nichter, Brandon; Wang, Jing; Compton, Wilson M.; Iannotti, Ronald J.; Simons-Morton, Bruce

2013-01-01

42

Predictors of Student Performance in Grades 7 and 8 Mathematics: The Correlation between Benchmark Tests and Performance on the Texas Assessment of Knowledge and Skills (TAKS) Math Tests  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

School districts throughout Texas have used archived Texas Assessment of Knowledge and Skills (TAKS) tests as a benchmark to predict student performance on future TAKS tests without substantial quantitative evidence that these types of benchmark tests are valid predictors of student performance. The purpose of this quantitative correlational study…

Allen, Timothy Dale

2012-01-01

43

Resources for Educational Benchmarks  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Resources for Educational Benchmarks connects learning resources to the NSDL Science Literacy Maps. The Science Literacy Maps illustrate connections between science concepts and show how they build upon one another across grade levels. Science Literacy Maps are intended to serve as a browsing interface to NSDL resources, allowing teachers and students to find resources that relate to specific science and math concepts.

2008-04-18

44

10th ICMI Study"" HPM History and Pedagogy of  

E-print Network

1 "" 1 Luminy 10th ICMI Study"" HPM History and Pedagogy of Mathematics HPM 1130 1.62 1.29 2 (25.0% (75.0%) A 4.07 3.73 B 1.78 1.37 #12;4 3 HPM ( " ") ( )" """ 4.76 32.08 41.94 6.25 (15) 10.85 32.56 47.54 7.41 1.64 5 181011 1214 HPM 53%" " 50%78% #12;7 50

Siu, M.K.

45

Alberta K-12 ESL Proficiency Benchmarks  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Alberta K-12 ESL Proficiency Benchmarks are organized by division: kindergarten, grades 1-3, grades 4-6, grades 7-9, and grades 10-12. They are descriptors of language proficiency in listening, speaking, reading, and writing. The descriptors are arranged in a continuum of seven language competences across five proficiency levels. Several…

Salmon, Kathy; Ettrich, Mike

2012-01-01

46

PREFACE: ISEC 2005: The 10th International Superconductive Electronics Conference  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The 10th International Superconductive Electronics Conference took place in Noordwijkerhout in the Netherlands, 5-9 September 2005, not far from the birthplace of superconductivity in Leiden nearly 100 years ago. There have been many reasons to celebrate the 10th ISEC: not only was it the 20th anniversary, but also the achievements since the first conference in Tokyo in 1987 are tremendous. We have seen whole new groups of superconductive materials come into play, such as oxide superconductors with maximum Tc in excess of 100 K, carbon nanotubes, as well as the realization of new digital concepts from saturation logic to the ultra-fast RSFQ-logic. We have learned that superconductors not only show s-wave symmetries in the spatial arrangement of the order parameter, but also that d-wave dependence in oxide superconductors is now well accepted and can even be successfully applied to digital circuits. We are now used to operating SQUIDs in liquid nitrogen; fT sensitivity of SQUID magnetometers is not surprising anymore and can even be reached with oxide-superconductor based SQUIDs. Even frequency discriminating wide-band single photon detection with superconductive devices, and Josephson voltage standards with tens of thousands of junctions, nowadays belong to the daily life of advanced laboratories. ISEC has played a very important role in this development. The first conferences were held in 1987 and 1989 in Tokyo, and subsequently took place in Glasgow (UK), Boulder (USA), Nagoya (Japan), Berlin (Germany), Berkeley (USA), Osaka (Japan), Sydney (Australia), and in 2005 for the first time in the Netherlands. These conferences have provided platforms for the presentation of the research and development results of this community and for the vivid discussion of achievements and strategies for the further development of superconductive electronics. The 10th conference has played a very important role in this context. The results in laboratories show great potential and the first demonstrations underline this potential both in digital as well as analogue applications. But a broad application of this technology in industry and non-superconductive research is only slowly starting. An intensification of the contact between possible users from industry and research on the one hand, and from basic and applied research on the other, is needed, and ISEC is an excellent forum to stimulate this discussion. With the special session `Superconductive Electronics in Space' and the special focus on new devices and technologies like ?-junctions and ?-shift devices, we took a first step in this direction and we hope that it has helped to stimulate the further development of superconductive electronics. When we first declared our willingness to organize ISEC in the year 2005, Gerrit Gerritsma (from my group in Twente) and I intended to share the chair and the responsibility. After the regrettable death of Gerrit in 2002, there was some doubt if we should continue with the preparations for this conference. However, with the help of co-workers in Twente and colleagues from all over Europe and the rest of the world, organizing the conference became an enjoyable task. The programme committee consisted primarily of colleagues from the European Society `Fluxonics', of working groups of the European Thematic Network SCENET, and of the European Science Foundation Program `PiShift'. The comments and guidelines of the International Advisory Board were a great help and their advice set the style of the conference. Without the sponsorship of a number of organizations it would not have been possible to organize the conference: The European Science Foundation (ESF) supported this conference and its special topics on advanced superconductive devices within its `PiShift' programme. Furthermore, we are grateful to the European Society `Fluxonics', the European Thematic Network SCENET and the European Space Agency ESA/ESTEC for their support. Last but not least, the financial and organizational contribution by the University of Twente is gratefully acknowledged

Rogalla, Horst

2006-05-01

47

The Comparative Toxicogenomics Database's 10th year anniversary: update 2015.  

PubMed

Ten years ago, the Comparative Toxicogenomics Database (CTD; http://ctdbase.org/) was developed out of a need to formalize, harmonize and centralize the information on numerous genes and proteins responding to environmental toxic agents across diverse species. CTD's initial approach was to facilitate comparisons of nucleotide and protein sequences of toxicologically significant genes by curating these sequences and electronically annotating them with chemical terms from their associated references. Since then, however, CTD has vastly expanded its scope to robustly represent a triad of chemical-gene, chemical-disease and gene-disease interactions that are manually curated from the scientific literature by professional biocurators using controlled vocabularies, ontologies and structured notation. Today, CTD includes 24 million toxicogenomic connections relating chemicals/drugs, genes/proteins, diseases, taxa, phenotypes, Gene Ontology annotations, pathways and interaction modules. In this 10th year anniversary update, we outline the evolution of CTD, including our increased data content, new 'Pathway View' visualization tool, enhanced curation practices, pilot chemical-phenotype results and impending exposure data set. The prototype database originally described in our first report has transformed into a sophisticated resource used actively today to help scientists develop and test hypotheses about the etiologies of environmentally influenced diseases. PMID:25326323

Davis, Allan Peter; Grondin, Cynthia J; Lennon-Hopkins, Kelley; Saraceni-Richards, Cynthia; Sciaky, Daniela; King, Benjamin L; Wiegers, Thomas C; Mattingly, Carolyn J

2015-01-28

48

An analysis of women's ways of knowing in a 10th grade integrated science classroom  

Microsoft Academic Search

All students can learn science, but how they learn science may differ. This study is about learning science and its relationship to gender. Women need to develop and establish connections with the objects that they are learning and be able to establish a voice in a science classroom. Unfortunately, traditional science classrooms still view science as a male domain and

Karen Lynn Kochheiser

1997-01-01

49

An analysis of women's ways of knowing in a 10th grade integrated science classroom  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

All students can learn science, but how they learn science may differ. This study is about learning science and its relationship to gender. Women need to develop and establish connections with the objects that they are learning and be able to establish a voice in a science classroom. Unfortunately, traditional science classrooms still view science as a male domain and tend to discourage women from pursuing higher levels of science or science related careers. The ways that women learn science are a very complex set of interactions. In order to describe these interactions, this study explored how women's ways of knowing are represented in a high school science classroom. Nine women from an enriched integrated biology and earth science class contributed to this study. The women contributed to this study by participating in individual and group interviews, questionnaires, journals, observations and participant review of the interviews. The ways that these women learn science were described in terms of Belenky, Clinchy, Goldberger, and Tarule's Women's Ways of Knowing: The Development of Self, Voice, and Mind (1997). The women's ways of learning in this classroom tended to be situational with the women fitting different categories of knowing depending on the situation. Most of the women demonstrated periods of time where they wanted to be heard or tried to establish a voice in the classroom. The study helps to provide a theory for how women make choices in their learning of science and the struggle to be successful in a male dominated discipline. The women participating in this study gained an awareness of how they learn science and how that can be used to make them even more successful in the classroom. The awareness of how women learn science will also be of great benefit to other teachers and educators as the work for science reform continues to make science a 'science for all'.

Kochheiser, Karen Lynn

50

Interests of 5th through 10th Grade Students toward Human Biology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated the middle and high school students' interests towards the subjects of human biology, specifically, "Human Health and Nutrition" and "Human Body and Organs." The study also investigated sources of their interests and factors that impact their interests, namely people that they interact and courses that they take about…

Erten, Sinan

2008-01-01

51

General Shop Competencies in Vocational Agriculture for 9th and 10th Grade Classes.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The document presents unit plans which offer list of experiences and competencies to be learned for general shop occupations in vocational agriculture. The units include: (1) arc welding, (2) oxy-acetylene welding, (3) flat concrete, (4) concrete block, (5) lumber patterns and wood building materials, (6) metal fasteners, (7) wood adhesives, (8)…

Novotny, Ronald; And Others

52

Vocational Agriculture II Curriculum Guide, 10th Grade. Kansas Vocational Agriculture Education: Basic Core Curriculum II.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This basic core curriculum for vocational agriculture education contains 35 units of instruction in five content areas: agricultural chemicals (1 unit), leadership (2 units), farm management (5 units), plant and soil science (10 units), animal science (8 units), and farm mechanics (9 units). Each unit follows a typical format that includes…

Pittsburg State Univ., KS. Kansas Vocational Curriculum and Research Center.

53

1. Historic American Buildings Survey Joseph Hill, Photographer August 10th, ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

1. Historic American Buildings Survey Joseph Hill, Photographer August 10th, 1936 (Copied from small photo taken by survey members) OLD APARTMENT HOUSE - Jansonist Colony, Old Apartment House, Main Street, Bishop Hill, Henry County, IL

54

ON TWO 10TH ORDER MOCK THETA IDENTITIES JEREMY LOVEJOY AND ROBERT OSBURN  

E-print Network

ON TWO 10TH ORDER MOCK THETA IDENTITIES JEREMY LOVEJOY AND ROBERT OSBURN Abstract. We give short-called "universal mock theta function" Date: September 11, 2012. 1 #12;2 JEREMY LOVEJOY AND ROBERT OSBURN g2(x, q

Osburn, Robert

55

Selected References for Medical Writing & Reviewing American Medical Association. (2007). Manual of Style (10th  

E-print Network

Selected References for Medical Writing & Reviewing American Medical Association. (2007). Manual of Style (10th Edition). Oxford: Oxford University Press. American Psychological Association. (2010). Concise Rules of APA Style (6th Edition).Washington DC: Author. American Psychological Association. (2010

Ward, Karen

56

Proceedings of the 10th meeting of the international collaboration on advanced neutron sources  

SciTech Connect

This report contains papers from the 10th meeting of the International Collaboration on Advanced Neutron Sources. Two general types of workshops are discussed, instrument and target-station. Individual papers are indexed separately elsewhere. (LSP)

Hyer, D.K. (comp. and ed.)

1989-03-01

57

Lawrence Livermore plutonium button critical experiment benchmark  

SciTech Connect

The end of the Cold War and the subsequent weapons reductions have led to an increased need for the safe storage of large amounts of highly enriched plutonium. In support of code validation required to address this need, a set of critical experiments involving arrays of weapons-grade plutonium metal that were performed at the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) in the late 1960s has been revisited. Although these experiments are well documented, discrepancies and omissions have been found in the earlier reports. Many of these have been resolved in the current work, and these data have been compiled into benchmark descriptions. In addition, a computational verification has been performed on the benchmarks using multiple computer codes. These benchmark descriptions are also being made available to the US Department of Energy (DOE)-sponsored Nuclear Criticality Safety Benchmark Evaluation Working Group for dissemination in the DOE Handbook on Evaluated Criticality Safety Benchmark Experiments.

Trumble, E.F.; Justice, J.B.; Frost, R.L.

1994-12-31

58

OHIO ETHICS COMMISSION Sarah M. Brown, Chairman 8 East Long Street, 10th  

E-print Network

OHIO ETHICS COMMISSION Sarah M. Brown, Chairman 8 East Long Street, 10th Floor Robert Browning, Executive Director Web site: www.ethics.ohio.gov Serving Ohio Since 1974 RESTRICTIONS ON NEPOTISM OR HIRING FAMILY MEMBERS: Ethics Commission Information Sheet # 1 I. Introduction The Ohio Ethics Law and related

Moore, Paul A.

59

Special Report to the U.S. Congress on10th Alcohol and Health  

E-print Network

#12;Special Report to the U.S. Congress on10th Alcohol and Health H I G H L I G H T S F R O M C U R Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism #12;Table of Contents Foreword . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1 Measuring the Health Risks and Benefits of Alcohol

Bezrukov, Sergey M.

60

FEIS 2013 Banquet, December 10th (Tuesday) 7:00pm-  

E-print Network

FEIS 2013 ­ Banquet, December 10th (Tuesday) 7:00pm- The Conch Republic Seafood Company 631 Greene Street, Key West, Florida, 33040. http://www.conchrepublicseafood.com/ Conch (pronounced "konk"), a large it so much that they adopted its name for themselves. The word Conch refers to someone born in the Keys

61

NEWSLETTER OF THE CENTER FOR SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY POLICY RESEARCH Ogmius 10th Anniversary  

E-print Network

Publications Center Presentations CSTPR Multimedia Science and Technology Policy Programs About Us NO. 33NEWSLETTER OF THE CENTER FOR SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY POLICY RESEARCH THIS ISSUE Ogmius 10th theircareersandinterests. TheCenterforScienceandTechnology Policy Research opened its doors in August 2001

Colorado at Boulder, University of

62

10th International Society for Music Information Retrieval Conference (ISMIR 2009) THE ISMIR CLOUD  

E-print Network

10th International Society for Music Information Retrieval Conference (ISMIR 2009) THE ISMIR CLOUD Department of Computational Perception Johannes Kepler University Linz, Austria music@jku.at http (rather than by literal text search). To illustrate this, we introduce two prototype applications

Widmer, Gerhard

63

The 10th International Symposium on Measurement Technology and Intelligent Instruments (ISMTII 2011)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Measurement and instrumentation have long played an important role in production engineering, through supporting both the traditional field of manufacturing and the new field of micro\\/nanotechnology. Papers published in this special feature were selected and updated from those presented at The 10th International Symposium on Measurement Technology and Intelligent Instruments (ISMTII 2011) held at KAIST, Daejeon, South Korea, on 29

Seung-Woo Kim

2012-01-01

64

PAPER SUBMITTED TO THE 10TH ANNUAL CONFERENCE ON ECONOMIC GROWTH AND DEVELOPMENT, ISI, DELHI CENTER  

E-print Network

).We have mainly taken the growth rate of profit after tax as a measure of firm-level profitability (iPAPER SUBMITTED TO THE 10TH ANNUAL CONFERENCE ON ECONOMIC GROWTH AND DEVELOPMENT, ISI, DELHI CENTER that small firms have comparative advantage relative to large firms.1 Protection has hampered the growth

Bandyopadhyay, Antar

65

ELECTRONICS LETTERS 10th December 1998 Vol. 34 No. 25 Low power DCT implementation approach  

E-print Network

ELECTRONICS LETTERS 10th December 1998 Vol. 34 No. 25 Low power DCT implementation approach of the discrete cosine transform (DCT). This is mainly due to the DCT being the computational bottleneck of the DCT has targeted reducing the computational complexity of its design or modifying this for operation

Arslan, Tughrul

66

The 10th Annual Review of Progress in Applied Computational Electromagnetics, volume 2  

Microsoft Academic Search

The proceeding of the 10th Annual Review of Progress in Applied Computational Electromagnetics are reported. Subject areas covered include: finite difference time domain; gemacs; moment methods; EMI\\/EMP\\/EMC; hybrid; propagation and imaging; pre and post processing; high frequency; low frequency; education; microwave; and materials and simulation methods.

Andy Terzuoli; Jeff Fath; Dennis Andersh; Rob Lee; Dick Adler

1994-01-01

67

Preprint of the Paper submitted to the 10th International Conference on New Actuators, Bremen,  

E-print Network

temperature. Based on this property various micro-technical actuators have been developed in the past on this property various micro-technical actuators have been developed [3,4]. In this paper, the developmentPreprint of the Paper submitted to the 10th International Conference on New Actuators, Bremen

Stryk, Oskar von

68

may 10TH 8-2 pm orson spencer hall,university of utah  

E-print Network

may 10TH 8-2 pm orson spencer hall,university of utah BLACK STUDENT UNION UNIVERSITY OF UTAH YoungvoicesOF UTAH: Define your Future YoungvoicesOF UTAH: high school CONFERENCE opening keynote: dr.roderic land closing keynote: Honorable Shauna Graves-Robertson Utah Third District Justice Court judge

Tipple, Brett

69

State Education & Environment Roundtable (SEER) Seminar (10th, Annapolis, Maryland, December 3-7, 2000).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document reports on the 10th seminar of the State Education and Environment Roundtable (SEER). It consists of brief overviews of the daily discussions and presentations that were made at the seminar. Topics discussed include measuring success through student assessment, the Bay Schools Project (BSP), and a co-sponsored educational forum with…

Lieberman, Gerald A.; Hoody, Linda L.

70

School of Graduate Studies Governing Principles Approved by GFC December 10th, 2012  

E-print Network

School of Graduate Studies Governing Principles Approved by GFC December 10th, 2012 The University in limited academic areas, consolidation of all post-baccalaureate programs under the School of Graduate meeting, the Board of Governors established the School of Graduate Studies. In accordance with the Board

Morris, Joy

71

Topical discussion notes -Thursday, January 10th , 2pm-3pm. Writing : D.Z.Gunes  

E-print Network

1 Topical discussion notes - Thursday, January 10th , 2pm-3pm. Writing : D.Z.Gunes Topic: Particles of energy landscape for a particle as a function of its position at the interface NB: This topic (or). The topic is nearly absent from the specialized literature. The discussion is relevant only to highly

Cox, Simon

72

Stability and Change in Interests: A Longitudinal Study of Adolescents from Grades 8 through 12  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The pattern of RIASEC interests and academic skills were assessed longitudinally from a large-scale national database at three time points: eight grade, 10th grade, and 12th grade. Validation and cross-validation samples of 1000 males and 1000 females in each set were used to test the pattern of these scores over time relative to mean changes,…

Tracey, Terence J. G.; Robbins, Steven B.; Hofsess, Christy D.

2005-01-01

73

The NAS parallel benchmarks  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A new set of benchmarks has been developed for the performance evaluation of highly parallel supercomputers in the framework of the NASA Ames Numerical Aerodynamic Simulation (NAS) Program. These consist of five 'parallel kernel' benchmarks and three 'simulated application' benchmarks. Together they mimic the computation and data movement characteristics of large-scale computational fluid dynamics applications. The principal distinguishing feature of these benchmarks is their 'pencil and paper' specification-all details of these benchmarks are specified only algorithmically. In this way many of the difficulties associated with conventional benchmarking approaches on highly parallel systems are avoided.

Bailey, D. H.; Barszcz, E.; Barton, J. T.; Carter, R. L.; Lasinski, T. A.; Browning, D. S.; Dagum, L.; Fatoohi, R. A.; Frederickson, P. O.; Schreiber, R. S.

1991-01-01

74

The NAS parallel benchmarks  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A new set of benchmarks was developed for the performance evaluation of highly parallel supercomputers. These benchmarks consist of a set of kernels, the 'Parallel Kernels,' and a simulated application benchmark. Together they mimic the computation and data movement characteristics of large scale computational fluid dynamics (CFD) applications. The principal distinguishing feature of these benchmarks is their 'pencil and paper' specification - all details of these benchmarks are specified only algorithmically. In this way many of the difficulties associated with conventional benchmarking approaches on highly parallel systems are avoided.

Bailey, David (editor); Barton, John (editor); Lasinski, Thomas (editor); Simon, Horst (editor)

1993-01-01

75

Exploring the Relationship between Virtual Learning Environment Preference, Use, and Learning Outcomes in 10th Grade Earth Science Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated the relationship between the use of a three-dimensional Virtual Reality Learning Environment for Field Trip (3DVLE[subscript (ft)]) system and the achievement levels of senior high school earth science students. The 3DVLE[subscript (ft)] system was presented in two separate formats: Teacher Demonstrated Based and Student…

Lin, Ming-Chao; Tutwiler, M. Shane; Chang, Chun-Yen

2011-01-01

76

A Cross-Analysis of the Mathematics Teacher's Activity: An Example in a French 10th-Grade Class  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this paper is to contribute to the debate about how to tackle the issue of "the teacher in the teaching/learning process", and to propose a methodology for analysing the teacher's activity in the classroom, based on concepts used in the fields of the didactics of mathematics as well as in cognitive ergonomics. This methodology…

Robert, Aline; Rogalski, Janine

2005-01-01

77

Students Left Behind: Measuring 10th to 12th Grade Student Persistence Rates in Texas High Schools  

PubMed Central

The No Child Left Behind Act requires states to publish high school graduation rates for public schools and the U.S. Department of Education is currently considering a mandate to standardize high school graduation rate reporting. However, no consensus exists among researchers or policy-makers about how to measure high school graduation rates. In this paper, we use longitudinal data tracking a cohort of students at 82 Texas public high schools to assess the accuracy and precision of three widely-used high school graduation rate measures: Texas’s official graduation rates, and two competing estimates based on publicly available enrollment data from the Common Core of Data. Our analyses show that these widely-used approaches yield inaccurate and highly imprecise estimates of high school graduation and persistence rates. We propose several guidelines for using existing graduation and persistence rate data and argue that a national effort to track students as they progress through high school is essential to reconcile conflicting estimates. PMID:23077375

Domina, Thurston; Ghosh-Dastidar, Bonnie; Tienda, Marta

2012-01-01

78

Benchmarking for Higher Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The chapters in this collection explore the concept of benchmarking as it is being used and developed in higher education (HE). Case studies and reviews show how universities in the United Kingdom are using benchmarking to aid in self-regulation and self-improvement. The chapters are: (1) "Introduction to Benchmarking" (Norman Jackson and Helen…

Jackson, Norman, Ed.; Lund, Helen, Ed.

79

NAS Parallel Benchmark Results  

Microsoft Academic Search

The NAS Parallel Benchmarks have been developed at NASA Ames Research Center to studythe performance of parallel supercomputers. The eight benchmark problems are specified in a"pencil and paper" fashion. In other words, the complete details of the problem to be solved aregiven in a technical document, and except for a few restrictions, benchmarkers are free to selectthe language constructs and

Subhash Saini; David H. Bailey

1995-01-01

80

Final Report 10th Conference on the Intersections of Particle and Nuclear Physics  

SciTech Connect

The 10th Conference on the Intersections of Particle and Nuclear Physics was held in LaJolla, California on May 26 to May 31, 2009. The Conference Proceedings are published by the American Institute of Physics in Volume 1182 of the AIP Conference Proceedings (ISBN: 978-0-7354-0723-7). The Proceedings include papers from each of the Conference Presenters and a detailed schedule of talks at the Conference. The Table of Contents of the Conference Proceedings is available at http://scitation.aip.org/content/aip/proceeding/aipcp/1182. Support by the U.S. Department of Energy and by DOE Laboratories was essential to the success of the Conference.

Marshak, Marvin L. [University of Minnesota] [University of Minnesota

2013-11-03

81

'Global avionics in the future' report from the 10th annual battery conference  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In the 10th Annual Battery Conference on Applications and Advances, over 300 came to witness 13 technical sessions on subjects ranging from 'green' batteries to spacecraft batteries, and from batteries for notebook computers to batteries for supplying Alaskan villages with peak power. The utilities will use batteries for energy storage, resource conservation, power-quality involvement, and a substitute for spinning reserve. Those who have attended were electrical engineers who wanted to learn about batteries and electrochemist who wanted to learn how a battery is used and controlled.

Oman, Henry

1995-04-01

82

Editorial Introducing Arthritis Research & Therapy’s 10th anniversary issue, ‘The Scientific Basis of Rheumatology: A Decade of Progress’  

E-print Network

Arthritis Research & Therapy is publishing a comprehensive collection of review articles, entitled ‘The Scientific Basis of Rheumatology: A Decade of Progress’, to mark its 10th anniversary. This special collection of reviews will provide an indepth

Iain Hrynaszkiewicz; Peter E Lipsky; Ravinder N Maini

2008-01-01

83

77 FR 21773 - Filing Dates for The New Jersey Special Election in The 10th Congressional District  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...2012-03] Filing Dates for The New Jersey Special Election in The 10th Congressional...SUMMARY: New Jersey has scheduled elections on June 5...candidates who participate in the New Jersey Special Primary and Special...

2012-04-11

84

Benchmarking your benchmarks: a user's perspective  

SciTech Connect

This paper is intended for anyone faced with the responsibility for computer hardware or software selection. The content is biased toward administrative considerations, although some technical issues are presented. The basic goal is to promote a role for benchmarking in the computer acquisition process that is significantly broader than that commonly employed. We attempt to do this by showing how a thorough benchmarking effort (in the usual sense) did not provide sufficient information to accurately predict user satisfaction and productivity. We describe other measures of a system's properties that should be included in benchmarking.

Brice, R.

1982-01-01

85

EDITORIAL: The 10th International Symposium on Measurement Technology and Intelligent Instruments (ISMTII 2011) The 10th International Symposium on Measurement Technology and Intelligent Instruments (ISMTII 2011)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Measurement and instrumentation have long played an important role in production engineering, through supporting both the traditional field of manufacturing and the new field of micro/nanotechnology. Papers published in this special feature were selected and updated from those presented at The 10th International Symposium on Measurement Technology and Intelligent Instruments (ISMTII 2011) held at KAIST, Daejeon, South Korea, on 29 June-2 July 2011. ISMTII 2011 was organized by ICMI (The International Committee on Measurements and Instrumentation), Korean Society for Precision Engineering (KSPE), Japan Society for Precision Engineering (JSPE), Chinese Society for Measurement (CSM) and KAIST. The Symposium was also supported by the Korea BK21 Valufacture Institute of Mechanical Engineering at KAIST. A total of 225 papers, including four keynote papers, were presented at ISMTII 2011, covering a wide range of topics, including micro/nanometrology, precision measurement, online & in-process measurement, surface metrology, optical metrology & image processing, biomeasurement, sensor technology, intelligent measurement & instrumentation, uncertainty, traceability & calibration, and signal processing algorithms. The organizing members recommended publication of updated versions of some of the best ISMTII 2011 papers in this special feature of Measurement Science and Technology. As guest editor, I believe that this special feature presents the newest information on advances in measurement technology and intelligent instruments from basic research to applied systems for production engineering. I would like to thank all the authors for their great contributions to this special feature and the referees for their careful reviews of the papers. I would also like to express our thanks and appreciation to the publishing staff of MST for their dedicated efforts that have made this special feature possible.

Kim, Seung-Woo

2012-05-01

86

Grade Span.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This issue reviews grade span, or grade configuration. Catherine Paglin and Jennifer Fager's "Grade Configuration: Who Goes Where?" provides an overview of issues and concerns related to grade spans and supplies profiles of eight Northwest schools with varying grade spans. David F. Wihry, Theodore Coladarci, and Curtis Meadow's "Grade Span and…

Renchler, Ron

2000-01-01

87

Benchmarks for target tracking  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The term benchmark originates from the chiseled horizontal marks that surveyors made, into which an angle-iron could be placed to bracket ("bench") a leveling rod, thus ensuring that the leveling rod can be repositioned in exactly the same place in the future. A benchmark in computer terms is the result of running a computer program, or a set of programs, in order to assess the relative performance of an object by running a number of standard tests and trials against it. This paper will discuss the history of simulation benchmarks that are being used by multiple branches of the military and agencies of the US government. These benchmarks range from missile defense applications to chemical biological situations. Typically, a benchmark is used with Monte Carlo runs in order to tease out how algorithms deal with variability and the range of possible inputs. We will also describe problems that can be solved by a benchmark.

Dunham, Darin T.; West, Philip D.

2011-09-01

88

The 007 Benchmark  

Microsoft Academic Search

The OO7 Benchmark represents a comprehensive test of OODBMS performance. In this paper we describe the benchmark and present performance results from its implementation in three OODBMS systems. It is our hope that the OO7 Benchmark will provide useful insight for end-users evaluating the performance of OODBMS systems; we also hope that the research community will find that OO7 provides

Michael J. Carey; David J. DeWitt; Jeffrey F. Naughton

1993-01-01

89

The oo7 Benchmark  

Microsoft Academic Search

The OO7 Benchmark represents a comprehensive test of OODBMS performance. In thisreport we describe the benchmark and present performance results from its implementationin four OODB systems. It is our hope that the OO7 Benchmark will provide useful insightfor end-users evaluating the performance of OODB systems# we also hope that the researchcommunity will find that OO7 provides a database schema, instance,

Michael J. Carey; David J. Dewitt; Jeffrey F. Naughton

1993-01-01

90

Proceedings of the 10th International Workshop on Quantum Physics and Logic  

E-print Network

This volume contains the proceedings of the 10th International Workshop on Quantum Physics and Logic (QPL X), which was held July 17-19, 2013 at ICFO in Castelldefels (Barcelona), Spain. The goal of this workshop series is to bring together researchers working on mathematical foundations of quantum physics, quantum computing and spatio-temporal causal structures, and in particular those that use logical tools, ordered algebraic and category-theoretic structures, formal languages, semantic methods and other computer science methods for the study of physical behavior in general. Over the past few years, there has been growing activity in these foundational approaches, together with a renewed interest in the foundations of quantum theory, which complement the more mainstream research in quantum computation.

Bob Coecke; Matty Hoban

2014-12-26

91

Space Commerce 1994 Forum: The 10th National Space Symposium. Proceedings report  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The theme of the 10th National Space Symposium was 'New Windows of Opportunity'. These proceedings cover the following: Business Trends in High Tech Commercialization; How to Succeed in Space Technology Business -- Making Dollars and Sense; Obstacles and Opportunities to Success in Technology Commercialization NASA's Commercial Technology Mission -- a New Way of Doing Business: Policy and Practices; Field Center Practices; Practices in Action -- A New Way: Implementation and Business Opportunities; Space Commerce Review; Windows of Opportunity; the International Space Station; Space Support Forum; Spacelift Update; Competitive Launch Capabilities; Supporting Life on Planet Earth; National Security Space Issues; NASA in the Balance; Earth and Space Observations -- Did We Have Cousins on Mars?; NASA: A New Vision for Science; and Space Technology Hall of Fame.

Lipskin, Beth Ann (editor); Patterson, Sara (editor); Aragon, Larry (editor); Brescia, David A. (editor); Flannery, Jack (editor); Mossey, Roberty (editor); Regan, Christopher (editor); Steeby, Kurt (editor); Suhr, Stacy (editor); Zimkas, Chuck (editor)

1994-01-01

92

Report on the 10th EMBL Conference on Transcription and Chromatin  

PubMed Central

Over 400 scientists from 38 countries gathered in the marvelous city of Heidelberg, Germany to attend the 10th EMBL Conference on Transcription and Chromatin. Surrounded by dark-green forest and overlooking a historic city, the charming environment of the EMBL as well as an all-star lineup of presenters attracted scientists from all over the world to discuss the latest findings and the future directions in the field. Superbly organized by Henk Stunnenberg, Eileen Furlong, Ali Shilatifard and Marc Timmers, the main topics of the conference included DNA, RNA and histone modifications, pluripotency and cellular reprogramming, transcriptional regulation, as well as chromatin dynamics and the effect of chromatin on gene regulation. In a pleasant summer climate that facilitated a stimulating and collaborative atmosphere, over 50 outstanding talks and more than 200 posters were presented. I apologize in advance to those speakers whose excellent work I have been unable to include in this report due to space constraints. PMID:22965005

Duttke, Sascha

2012-01-01

93

English Curriculum Guide, Grades 9-12; A Nongraded Phase Elective Senior High School Curriculum, Revised.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This revised English curriculum guide contains descriptions of the numerous courses offered in eight South Bend high schools. A separate set of electives is presented for students in the 9th grade, and a nongraded phase program is presented for students in the 10th, 11th, and 12th grades. Course descriptions, course objectives, course content,…

South Bend Community School Corp., IN.

94

Third Grade Level Science Sample Curriculum.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document presents a sample of the Arkansas science curriculum and identifies the content standards for physical science systems, life science systems, and Earth science/space science systems for third grade students. Each content standard is explained and includes student learning expectations, third grade benchmarks, assessments, and…

Arkansas State Dept. of Education, Little Rock.

95

Eighth Grade Level Science Sample Curriculum.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document presents a sample of the Arkansas science curriculum and identifies the content standards for physical science systems, life science systems, and Earth science/space science systems for eighth grade students. Each content standard is explained and includes student learning expectations, eighth grade benchmarks, assessments, and…

Arkansas State Dept. of Education, Little Rock.

96

Sixth Grade Level Science Sample Curriculum.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document presents a sample of the Arkansas science curriculum and identifies the content standards for physical science systems, life science systems, and Earth science/space science systems for sixth grade students. Each content standard is explained and includes student learning expectations, sixth grade benchmarks, assessments, and…

Arkansas State Dept. of Education, Little Rock.

97

Fifth Grade Level Science Sample Curriculum.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document presents a sample of the Arkansas science curriculum and identifies the content standards for physical science systems, life science systems, and Earth science/space science systems for fifth grade students. Each content standard is explained and includes student learning expectations, fifth grade benchmarks, assessments, and…

Arkansas State Dept. of Education, Little Rock.

98

First Grade Level Science Sample Curriculum.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document presents a sample of the Arkansas science curriculum and identifies the content standards for physical science systems, life science systems, and Earth science/space science systems for first grade students. Each content standard is explained and includes student learning expectations, first grade benchmarks, assessments, and…

Arkansas State Dept. of Education, Little Rock.

99

Seventh Grade Level Science Sample Curriculum.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document presents a sample of the Arkansas science curriculum and identifies the content standards for physical science systems, life science systems, and Earth science/space science systems for seventh grade students. Each content standard is explained and includes student learning expectations, seventh grade benchmarks, assessments, and…

Arkansas State Dept. of Education, Little Rock.

100

Fourth Grade Level Science Sample Curriculum.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document presents a sample of the Arkansas science curriculum and identifies the content standards for physical science systems, life science systems, and Earth science/space science systems for fourth grade students. Each content standard is explained and includes student learning expectations, fourth grade benchmarks, assessments, and…

Arkansas State Dept. of Education, Little Rock.

101

Second Grade Level Science Sample Curriculum.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document presents a sample of the Arkansas science curriculum and identifies the content standards for physical science systems, life science systems, and Earth science/space science systems for second grade students. Each content standard is explained and includes student learning expectations, second grade benchmarks, assessments, and…

Arkansas State Dept. of Education, Little Rock.

102

Thermal Performance Benchmarking (Presentation)  

SciTech Connect

This project will benchmark the thermal characteristics of automotive power electronics and electric motor thermal management systems. Recent vehicle systems will be benchmarked to establish baseline metrics, evaluate advantages and disadvantages of different thermal management systems, and identify areas of improvement to advance the state-of-the-art.

Moreno, G.

2014-11-01

103

A Synthetic Benchmark  

Microsoft Academic Search

A simple method of measuring performance is by means of a benchmark pro- gram. Unless such a program is carefully constructed it is unlikely to be typical of the many thousands of programs run at an installation. An example benchmark for measuring the processor power of scientific computers is presented: this is compared with other methods of assessing computer power.

H. J. Curnow; Brian A. Wichmann

1976-01-01

104

USGS Yosemite Benchmark Streamgage  

USGS Multimedia Gallery

In this image, the USGS Hydrologic Benchmark Streamgage on the Merced River in Yosemite Valley can be seen. Hydrologic Benchmark streamgages are those at which no human development exists upstream of the streamgage. This streamgage is a cooperation between the National Park Service, National Oceanic...

105

IU parallel processing benchmark  

Microsoft Academic Search

A benchmark is presented that was designed to evaluate the merits of various parallel architectures as applied to image understanding (IU). This benchmark exercise addresses the issue of system performance on an integrated set of tasks, where the task interactions that are typical of complex vision application are present. The goal of this exercise is to gain a better understanding

Charles Weems; Edward Riseman; Allen Hanson; Azriel Rosenfeld

1988-01-01

106

BENCHMARK DOSE SOFTWARE (BMDS)  

EPA Science Inventory

EPA has announced the latest update to the Benchmark Dose Software (BMDS) tool which is used to facilitate the application of benchmark dose (BMD) methods to EPA hazardous pollutant risk assessments. This latest version (1.4.1b) contains seventeen (17) different models that ar...

107

Verification and validation benchmarks.  

SciTech Connect

Verification and validation (V&V) are the primary means to assess the accuracy and reliability of computational simulations. V&V methods and procedures have fundamentally improved the credibility of simulations in several high-consequence fields, such as nuclear reactor safety, underground nuclear waste storage, and nuclear weapon safety. Although the terminology is not uniform across engineering disciplines, code verification deals with assessing the reliability of the software coding, and solution verification deals with assessing the numerical accuracy of the solution to a computational model. Validation addresses the physics modeling accuracy of a computational simulation by comparing the computational results with experimental data. Code verification benchmarks and validation benchmarks have been constructed for a number of years in every field of computational simulation. However, no comprehensive guidelines have been proposed for the construction and use of V&V benchmarks. For example, the field of nuclear reactor safety has not focused on code verification benchmarks, but it has placed great emphasis on developing validation benchmarks. Many of these validation benchmarks are closely related to the operations of actual reactors at near-safety-critical conditions, as opposed to being more fundamental-physics benchmarks. This paper presents recommendations for the effective design and use of code verification benchmarks based on manufactured solutions, classical analytical solutions, and highly accurate numerical solutions. In addition, this paper presents recommendations for the design and use of validation benchmarks, highlighting the careful design of building-block experiments, the estimation of experimental measurement uncertainty for both inputs and outputs to the code, validation metrics, and the role of model calibration in validation. It is argued that the understanding of predictive capability of a computational model is built on the level of achievement in V&V activities, how closely related the V&V benchmarks are to the actual application of interest, and the quantification of uncertainties related to the application of interest.

Oberkampf, William Louis; Trucano, Timothy Guy

2007-02-01

108

Project 2061: Benchmarks for Science Literacy On-line  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This resource is a free online version of the Benchmarks compiled and published by the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS). It is a statement of what all students should know and be able to do in science, mathematics, and technology by the end of grades 2, 5, 8, and 12. The document is searchable, and contains links to cognitive research for each benchmark category. Benchmarks does not advocate particular teaching methods or curriculum design. It was developed to provide a research-based sequence of specific learning goals that educators can use in curriculum building.

2010-03-11

109

Report on the 10th International Conference of the Asian Clinical Oncology Society (ACOS 2012).  

PubMed

The 10th International Conference of the Asian Clinical Oncology Society (ACOS 2012) in conjunction with the 38th Annual Meeting of the Korean Cancer Association, was held on June 13 to 15 (3 days) 2012 at COEX Convention and Exhibition Center in Seoul, Korea. ACOS has a 20-year history starting from the first conference in Osaka, Japan, which was chaired by Prof. Tetsuo Taguchi and the ACOS conferences have since been conducted in Asian countries every 2 years. Under the theme of "Work Together to Make a Difference for Cancer Therapy in Asia", the 10th ACOS was prepared to discuss various subjects through a high-quality academic program, exhibition, and social events. The ACOS 2012 Committee was composed of the ACOS Organizing Committee, Honorary Advisors, Local Advisors, and ACOS 2012 Organizing Committee. The comprehensive academic program had a total of 92 sessions (3 Plenary Lectures, 1 Award Lectures, 1 Memorial Lectures, 9 Special Lectures, 15 Symposia, 1 Debate & Summary Sessions, 1 Case Conferences, 19 Educational Lectures, 1 Research & Development Session, 18 Satellite Symposia, 9 Meet the Professors, 14 Oral Presentations) and a total 292 presentations were delivered throughout the entire program. Amongst Free Papers, 462 research papers (110 oral presentations and 352 poster presentations) were selected to be presented. This conference was the largest of all ACOS conferences in its scale with around 1,500 participants from 30 countries. Furthermore, despite strict new financial policies and requirements governing fundraising alongside global economic stagnation, a total of 14 companies participated as sponsors and an additional 35 companies purchased 76 exhibition booths. Lastly, the conference social events provided attendees with a variety of opportunities to experience and enjoy Korea's rich culture and traditions during the Opening Ceremony, Welcome Reception, Invitee Dinner, Banquet, and Closing Ceremony. Overall, ACOS 2012 reinforced and promoted Korea's world-class medical research for cancer treatment and prevention. Furthermore, participants recognized that it is more valuable to clarify the current statistics of cancer in Asia and its cure and prevention as people's attention has been gradually growing from ACOS 2009 and ACOS 2012. Also, ACOS 2012 gave us an opportunity to reconsider the vision of ACOS and its core values by closely examining the role of ACOS headquarters for an effectively organized system. PMID:23848008

Kim, Yeul Hong; Yang, Han-Kwang; Kim, Tae Won; Lee, Jung Shin; Seong, Jinsil; Lee, Woo Yong; Ahn, Yong Chan; Lim, Ho Yeong; Won, Jong-Ho; Park, Kyong Hwa; Cho, Kyung Sam

2013-04-01

110

FOREWORD: 10th Anglo-French Physical Acoustics Conference (AFPAC 2011)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Anglo-French Physical Acoustics Conference (AFPAC) had its 10th annual meeting in Villa Clythia, Fréjus, France, from 19-21 January 2011. This series of meetings is a collaboration between the Physical Acoustics Group (PAG) of the Institute of Physics and the Groupe d'Acoustique Physique, Sous-marine et UltraSonore (GAPSUS) of the Société Française d'Acoustique. The conference has its loyal supporters whom we wish to thank. It is their loyalty that has made this conference a success. AFPAC alternates between the UK and France and its format has been designed to ensure that it remains a friendly meeting of very high scientific quality, offering a broad spectrum of subjects, welcoming young researchers and PhD students and giving them the opportunity to give their first presentations in an 'international' conference, but with limited pressure. For the third consecutive year AFPAC is followed by the publication of its proceedings in the form of 18 peer-reviewed papers, which cover the most recent research developments in the field of Physical Acoustics in the UK and France. Alain Lhémery CEA, France Nader Saffari UCL, United Kingdom

Lhémery, Alain; Saffari, Nader

2012-03-01

111

NAS parallel benchmark results  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The NAS (Numerical Aerodynamic Simulation) parallel benchmarks have been developed at NASA Ames Research Center to study the performance of parallel supercomputers. The eight benchmark problems are specified in a 'pencil and paper' fashion. The performance results of various systems using the NAS parallel benchmarks are presented. These results represent the best results that have been reported to the authors for the specific systems listed. They represent implementation efforts performed by personnel in both the NAS Applied Research Branch of NASA Ames Research Center and in other organizations.

Bailey, D. H.; Barszcz, E.; Dagum, L.; Simon, H. D.

1992-01-01

112

Benchmarking expert system tools  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

As part of its evaluation of new technologies, the Artificial Intelligence Section of the Mission Planning and Analysis Div. at NASA-Johnson has made timing tests of several expert system building tools. Among the production systems tested were Automated Reasoning Tool, several versions of OPS5, and CLIPS (C Language Integrated Production System), an expert system builder developed by the AI section. Also included in the test were a Zetalisp version of the benchmark along with four versions of the benchmark written in Knowledge Engineering Environment, an object oriented, frame based expert system tool. The benchmarks used for testing are studied.

Riley, Gary

1988-01-01

113

Genova Silicon Valley 10th Edition Incontro a Economia con Ettore Leale, 29 novembre , ore 17, aula Embriaco  

E-print Network

Genova Silicon Valley 10th Edition Incontro a Economia con Ettore Leale, 29 novembre , ore 17, aula Embriaco E' partito da Genova, nel 2005, il ponte tra Italia e Silicon Valley a beneficio degli studenti social network www.siliconvalleystudytour.com, hanno partecipato alle 9 edizioni del Silicon Valley Study

Robbiano, Lorenzo

114

10th International Workshop on Accelerator Alignment, February 11-15, 2008 SURVEY AND ALIGNMENT CONCEPT FOR INSTALLATION OF THE  

E-print Network

10th International Workshop on Accelerator Alignment, February 11-15, 2008 SURVEY AND ALIGNMENT CONCEPT FOR INSTALLATION OF THE SPIRAL2 ACCELERATOR DEVICES AT GANIL* R. Beunard, GANIL, BP 55027, 14076 on the survey and alignment techniques selected for the SPIRAL2 accelerator installation. The survey procedures

Boyer, Edmond

115

USENIX Association 10th International Conference on Autonomic Computing (ICAC '13) 69 AGILE: elastic distributed resource scaling  

E-print Network

USENIX Association 10th International Conference on Autonomic Computing (ICAC '13) 69 AGILE Level Objectives (SLOs) and have to pay penalties (also costly). AGILE deals with both issues: it uses application startup times. Tests using RUBiS and Google cluster traces show that AGILE can predict varying

Tomkins, Andrew

116

Risk Communication and Public Education in Edmonton, Alberta, Canada on the 10th Anniversary of the "Black Friday" Tornado  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In July 1997, on the 10th anniversary of the great "Black Friday" Tornado, city officials of Edmonton, the print and broadcast media, agencies dealing in emergency management, and the national weather organisation recounted stories of the 1987, F5 tornado that struck Edmonton on a holiday weekend. The information campaign also presented…

Blanchard-Boehm, R. Denise; Cook, M. Jeffrey

2004-01-01

117

10th International Conference on Chemometrics in Analytical Chemistry P008 Optimization of voltammetric conditions for the determination of  

E-print Network

10th International Conference on Chemometrics in Analytical Chemistry P008 Optimization of phenols, the electroanalytical methods have attracted very little attention in the literature despite for electroanalytical applications, in view of its unique properties such as robustness, chemical inertness, resistance

Ferreira, Márcia M. C.

118

Diagnostic Algorithm Benchmarking  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A poster for the NASA Aviation Safety Program Annual Technical Meeting. It describes empirical benchmarking on diagnostic algorithms using data from the ADAPT Electrical Power System testbed and a diagnostic software framework.

Poll, Scott

2011-01-01

119

Toxicological Benchmarks for Wildlife  

Microsoft Academic Search

Ecological risks of environmental contaminants are evaluated by using a two-tiered process. In the first tier, a screening assessment is performed where concentrations of contaminants in the environment are compared to no observed adverse effects level (NOAEL)-based toxicological benchmarks. These benchmarks represent concentrations of chemicals (i.e., concentrations presumed to be nonhazardous to the biota) in environmental media (water, sediment, soil,

B. E. Opresko; D. M. Suter

1993-01-01

120

Object operations benchmark  

Microsoft Academic Search

Performance is a major issue in the acceptance of object-oriented and relational database systems aimed at engineering applications such as computer-aided software engineering (CASE) and computer-aided design (CAD). Because traditional database systems benchmarks are inapproriate to measure performance for operations on engineering objects, we designed a new benchmark Object Operations version 1 (OO1) to focus on important characteristics of these

R. G. G. Cattell; J. Skeen

1992-01-01

121

Benchmarking a network storage service  

Microsoft Academic Search

Benchmarking a network file server introduces some unique considerations over traditional benchmarking scenarios. Since the user is executing on a client system interconnected to the file server, the client and network must be provided for during benchmarking. During a recent procurement action, Sandia National Laboratories (SNL) was challenged to develop a benchmark suite that would accurately test the network requirements.

Suzanne M. Kelly; Rena A. Haynes; M. J. Ernest

1991-01-01

122

10th âÂÂplanetâ discovery creates excitement and debate  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Bid to solve dispute over planetshttp://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/science/nature/4273424.stmâÂÂ10thâ Planet has moon companionhttp://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/science/nature/4304048.stmInformation on the telescope used to discover Xena and Gabriellehttp://www.astro.caltech.edu/palomarnew/sot.htmlDiscovery of XenaâÂÂs moonhttp://www.gps.caltech.edu/~mbrown/planetlila/moon/index.htmlDiscovery of 2003 UB313 the 10th Planethttp://www.gps.caltech.edu/~mbrown/planetlila/International Astronomical Unionhttp://www.iau.orgKuiper Belt pagehttp://www.ifa.hawaii.edu/faculty/jewitt/kb.htmlThe newly discovered âÂÂplanetâ 2003 UB313, otherwise known as Xena, now has a companion in the solar system. Originally spotted in 2003, Xena was not officially announced until July of 2005. On the heels of the publication of XenaâÂÂs existence, comes the revelation that Xena has a moon, named Gabrielle. The names Xena and Gabrielle are only temporary, used by some astronomers because they are simpler to remember than names such as 2003 UB313. To decide the official name, the International Astronomical Union (IAU) must first decide if Xena is in fact a planet, then they will decide if the discoverersâ proposed name will be used. The astronomers who discovered both Xena and Gabrielle cannot reveal their proposed name, so until then the nicknames will have to suffice. Xena was found in the Kuiper Belt, which is a huge region of icy planetary bodies that orbit beyond Neptune in the distant region of the solar system. The discovery of this new planet and its moon has reignited the debate about what properties an object must possess in order to be classed as a planet. Prior to this newest discovery, PlutoâÂÂs status as a planet was already in question by some astronomers. But while Pluto rests on 100 years of history as a planet, newly discovered bodies are not so easily defined. Until the IAU can agree on a definition of a planet, Pluto will continue to hang on tenuously to its status as one of nine planets, and its mnemonic device, My Very Excellent Mother Just Sent Us Nine Pizzas, will remain as well. While the public awaits the final definition of what constitutes a planet, both school children and adults alike can rest easy and will not yet have to ponder what else our excellent mother will send us.The first link takes users to the announcement of the discovery of Xena in August made in the Yale Daily News. The second link takes the user to an article from the BBC further discussing the planetary debate. The third link is a BBC article that includes this weekâÂÂs announcement about XenaâÂÂs moon. For further knowledge about the astronomers and telescope involved with these two discoveries, among others, the fourth link will take the user to their website. The fifth and sixth link will take the user directly to the discovering astronomersâ website for the announcements about the new moon, Xena, and information on the progress of the IAU. If you are interested in the IAU, the seventh link will take you to their website. And finally the last link will take you to a website dedicated to providing more information on the Kuiper Belt and the icy bodies that make up this far region of our solar system.

2005-01-01

123

Report: Combustion Byproducts and Their Health Effects: Summary of the 10th International Congress  

PubMed Central

Abstract The 10th International Congress on Combustion Byproducts and their Health Effects was held in Ischia, Italy, from June 17–20, 2007. It is sponsored by the US NIEHS, NSF, Coalition for Responsible Waste Incineration (CRWI), and Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI). The congress focused on: the origin, characterization, and health impacts of combustion-generated fine and ultrafine particles; emissions of mercury and dioxins, and the development/application of novel analytical/diagnostic tools. The consensus of the discussion was that particle-associated organics, metals, and persistent free radicals (PFRs) produced by combustion sources are the likely source of the observed health impacts of airborne PM rather than simple physical irritation of the particles. Ultrafine particle-induced oxidative stress is a likely progenitor of the observed health impacts, but important biological and chemical details and possible catalytic cycles remain unresolved. Other key conclusions were: (1) In urban settings, 70% of airborne fine particles are a result of combustion emissions and 50% are due to primary emissions from combustion sources, (2) In addition to soot, combustion produces one, possibly two, classes of nanoparticles with mean diameters of?~10?nm and?~1?nm. (3) The most common metrics used to describe particle toxicity, viz. surface area, sulfate concentration, total carbon, and organic carbon, cannot fully explain observed health impacts, (4) Metals contained in combustion-generated ultrafine and fine particles mediate formation of toxic air pollutants such as PCDD/F and PFRs. (5) The combination of metal-containing nanoparticles, organic carbon compounds, and PFRs can lead to a cycle generating oxidative stress in exposed organisms. PMID:22476005

Dellinger, Barry; D'Alessio, Antonio; D'Anna, Andrea; Ciajolo, Anna; Gullett, Brian; Henry, Heather; Keener, Mel; Lighty, JoAnn; Lomnicki, Slawomir; Lucas, Donald; Oberdörster, Günter; Pitea, Demetrio; Suk, William; Sarofim, Adel; Smith, Kirk R.; Stoeger, Tobias; Tolbert, Paige; Wyzga, Ron; Zimmermann, Ralf

2008-01-01

124

Carpenter, Tractors and Microbes for the Development of Logical-Mathematical Thinking--The Way 10th Graders and Pre-Service Teachers Solve Thinking Challenges  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The objective of this case study was to investigate the ability of 10th graders and pre-service teachers to solve logical-mathematical thinking challenges. The challenges do not require mathematical knowledge beyond that of primary school but rather an informed use of the problem representation. The percentage of correct answers given by the 10th

Gazit, Avikam

2012-01-01

125

10th International Conference Metrology and Properties of Engineering Surfaces Saint Etienne, 4-7 July 2005 CHARACTERIZATION OF ROAD MICROTEXTURE BY  

E-print Network

10th International Conference Metrology and Properties of Engineering Surfaces Saint Etienne, 4 International Conference Metrology and Properties of Engineering Surfaces, France (2005)" #12;10th International Conference Metrology and Properties of Engineering Surfaces Saint Etienne, 4-7 July 2005 2 1 Introduction

Boyer, Edmond

126

Change and Continuity in Student Achievement from Grades 3 to 5: A Policy Dilemma  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article we examine student performance on mandated tests in grades 3, 4, and 5 in one state. We focus on this interval, which w e term "the fourth grade window," based on our hypothesis that students in grade four are particularly vulnerable to decrements in achievement. The national focus on the third grade as the critical benchmark in…

McCaslin, Mary; Burross, Heidi Legg; Good, Thomas L.

2005-01-01

127

Preparing for international classification of diseases, 10th revision, clinical modification implementation: strategies for maintaining an efficient workflow.  

PubMed

The International Classification of Diseases, 10th Revision, is required to be used by the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services health care billing data starting in October 2015 in the United States. The International Classification of Diseases, 10th Revision, is an update to the International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision, and contains approximately 70,000 codes compared with 14,000 codes. We aimed to discuss how our institution is updating the coding system in a manner that alleviates the possible burden placed on providers including more coding information required and longer load times. We performed a simulation test including testing the diagnosis calculator, timing, and how well the new and old codes mapped. We conducted a gap analysis to ensure that coding could begin in October of 2015 with minimal service interruptions. We will describe strategies and procedures to transition between systems while maintaining efficiency and helping to improve classification. PMID:25560625

Dexheimer, Judith W; Scheid, Beth; Babaoff, Arash; Martens, Saundra; Kennebeck, Stephanie

2015-01-01

128

The FTIO Benchmark  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

We introduce a new benchmark for measuring the performance of parallel input/ouput. This benchmark has flexible initialization. size. and scaling properties that allows it to satisfy seven criteria for practical parallel I/O benchmarks. We obtained performance results while running on the a SGI Origin2OOO computer with various numbers of processors: with 4 processors. the performance was 68.9 Mflop/s with 0.52 of the time spent on I/O, with 8 processors the performance was 139.3 Mflop/s with 0.50 of the time spent on I/O, with 16 processors the performance was 173.6 Mflop/s with 0.43 of the time spent on I/O. and with 32 processors the performance was 259.1 Mflop/s with 0.47 of the time spent on I/O.

Fagerstrom, Frederick C.; Kuszmaul, Christopher L.; Woo, Alex C. (Technical Monitor)

1999-01-01

129

Accelerated randomized benchmarking  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Quantum information processing offers promising advances for a wide range of fields and applications, provided that we can efficiently assess the performance of the control applied in candidate systems. That is, we must be able to determine whether we have implemented a desired gate, and refine accordingly. Randomized benchmarking reduces the difficulty of this task by exploiting symmetries in quantum operations. Here, we bound the resources required for benchmarking and show that, with prior information, we can achieve several orders of magnitude better accuracy than in traditional approaches to benchmarking. Moreover, by building on state-of-the-art classical algorithms, we reach these accuracies with near-optimal resources. Our approach requires an order of magnitude less data to achieve the same accuracies and to provide online estimates of the errors in the reported fidelities. We also show that our approach is useful for physical devices by comparing to simulations.

Granade, Christopher; Ferrie, Christopher; Cory, D. G.

2015-01-01

130

Benchmarking the Urology Practice  

PubMed Central

The medical practice today is relentlessly challenged by medical progress, by rising costs, and by the mounting pressures of the managed care environment. It should be the approach of every medical practice manager and practitioner to seek out and measure up to the best standards so as to optimize patient care and business outcomes. This requires the resolute pursuit of good models, brought about by the fostering of key collaborative relationships that are both practical and strategic. Integral to this process is benchmarking: the way by which information is obtained from both internal and external sources to determine and set the standards for performance. Benchmarking is an invaluable strategic tool. PMID:19107215

Brower, Paul A.

2008-01-01

131

Benchmarks: WICHE Region 2012  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Benchmarks: WICHE Region 2012 presents information on the West's progress in improving access to, success in, and financing of higher education. The information is updated annually to monitor change over time and encourage its use as a tool for informed discussion in policy and education communities. To establish a general context for the…

Western Interstate Commission for Higher Education, 2013

2013-01-01

132

Benchmark Comparisons August 2006  

E-print Network

administered oversamples are not included. Mean The mean is the weighted arithmetic average of student level Comparisons Report Class Mean a Sig b Effect Size c Mean a Sig b Effect Size c Mean a Sig b Effect Size c Benchmark Mean Comparisons NSSE 2006 51.9 NSSEville State compared with: 54.3 Mean a NSSEville State Level

Rainforth, Emma C.

133

Bryce Canyon Benchmark  

USGS Multimedia Gallery

A USGS elevation benchmark in Bryce Canyon National Park. Bryce Canyon is a unique sandstone formation in southern Utah. It is home to a large number of hoodoos, which are oddly shaped pillars of rock that formed due to different erosion rates for the dolomite that caps them and the sandstone that ...

134

Cast Bronze Benchmark  

USGS Multimedia Gallery

Benchmarks can be divided into two general groups: the "vertical control points" are points that mark a very precise elevation above the standard datum plane (usually referred to as elevation above sea level) and the "horizontal control points" are points with precisely established latitude and long...

2009-07-22

135

Surveys and Benchmarks  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Surveys and benchmarks continue to grow in importance for community colleges in response to several factors. One is the press for accountability, that is, for colleges to report the outcomes of their programs and services to demonstrate their quality and prudent use of resources, primarily to external constituents and governing boards at the state…

Bers, Trudy

2012-01-01

136

Benchmarks Momentum on Increase  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

No longer content with the patchwork quilt of assessments used to measure states' K-12 performance, top policy groups are pushing states toward international benchmarking as a way to better prepare students for a competitive global economy. The National Governors Association, the Council of Chief State School Officers, and the standards-advocacy…

McNeil, Michele

2008-01-01

137

NAS Parallel Benchmarks Results  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The NAS Parallel Benchmarks (NPB) were developed in 1991 at NASA Ames Research Center to study the performance of parallel supercomputers. The eight benchmark problems are specified in a pencil and paper fashion i.e. the complete details of the problem to be solved are given in a technical document, and except for a few restrictions, benchmarkers are free to select the language constructs and implementation techniques best suited for a particular system. In this paper, we present new NPB performance results for the following systems: (a) Parallel-Vector Processors: Cray C90, Cray T'90 and Fujitsu VPP500; (b) Highly Parallel Processors: Cray T3D, IBM SP2 and IBM SP-TN2 (Thin Nodes 2); (c) Symmetric Multiprocessing Processors: Convex Exemplar SPP1000, Cray J90, DEC Alpha Server 8400 5/300, and SGI Power Challenge XL. We also present sustained performance per dollar for Class B LU, SP and BT benchmarks. We also mention NAS future plans of NPB.

Subhash, Saini; Bailey, David H.; Lasinski, T. A. (Technical Monitor)

1995-01-01

138

Is the 10th and 11th intercostal space a safe approach for percutaneous nephrostomy and nephrolithotomy?  

PubMed

The aim of this study was to determine the rate of complications in percutaneous nephrostomy (PCN) and nephrolithotomy (PCNL) performed through the 11th and 10th intercostal spaces using our monitoring technique and to discuss the safety of the procedure. Out of 398 PCNs and PCNLs carried out during a 3-year period, 56 patients had 57 such procedures performed using an intercostal approach. The 11th intercostal route was used in 42 and the 10th in 15 cases. One patient had two separate nephrostomies performed through the 10th and 11th intercostal spaces. The technique utilizes bi-planar fluoroscopy with a combination of a conventional angiographic machine to provide anterior-posterior fluoroscopy and a C-arm mobile fluoroscopy machine to give a lateral view, displayed on two separate monitors. None of the patients had clinically significant thoracic or abdominal complications. Two patients had minor chest complications. Only one developed changes (plate atelectasis, elevation of the hemi-diaphragm) directly related to the nephrostomy (2%). The second patient had bilateral plate atelectasis and unilateral congestive lung changes after PCNL. These changes were not necessarily related to the procedure but rather to general anesthesia during nephrolithotomy. The authors consider PCN or PCNL through the intercostal approach a safe procedure with a negligible complication rate, provided that it is performed under bi-planar fluoroscopy, which allows determination of the skin entry point just below the level of pleural reflection and provides three-dimensional monitoring of advancement of the puncturing needle toward the target entry point. PMID:15383855

Muzrakchi, Ahmed Al; Szmigielski, W; Omar, Ahmed J S; Younes, Nagy M

2004-01-01

139

Is the 10th and 11th Intercostal Space a Safe Approach for Percutaneous Nephrostomy and Nephrolithotomy?  

SciTech Connect

The aim of this study was to determine the rate of complications in percutaneous nephrostomy (PCN) and nephrolithotomy (PCNL) performed through the 11th and 10th intercostal spaces using our monitoring technique and to discuss the safety of the procedure. Out of 398 PCNs and PCNLs carried out during a 3-year period, 56 patients had 57 such procedures performed using an intercostal approach. The 11th intercostal route was used in 42 and the 10th in 15 cases. One patient had two separate nephrostomies performed through the 10th and 11th intercostal spaces. The technique utilizes bi-planar fluoroscopy with a combination of a conventional angiographic machine to provide anterior-posterior fluoroscopy and a C-arm mobile fluoroscopy machine to give a lateral view, displayed on two separate monitors. None of the patients had clinically significant thoracic or abdominal complications. Two patients had minor chest complications. Only one developed changes (plate atelectasis, elevation of the hemi-diaphragm) directly related to the nephrostomy (2%). The second patient had bilateral plate atelectasis and unilateral congestive lung changes after PCNL. These changes were not necessarily related to the procedure but rather to general anesthesia during nephrolithotomy. The authors consider PCN or PCNL through the intercostal approach a safe procedure with a negligible complication rate, provided that it is performed under bi-planar fluoroscopy, which allows determination of the skin entry point just below the level of pleural reflection and provides three-dimensional monitoring of advancement of the puncturing needle toward the target entry point.

Muzrakchi, Ahmed Al; Szmigielski, W., E-mail: wojszmi@qatar.net.qa; Omar, Ahmed J.S. [Hamad Medical Corporation, Department of Radiology (Qatar); Younes, Nagy M. [Hamad Medical Corporation, Urology Section (Qatar)

2004-09-15

140

Analysis and test for space shuttle propellant dynamics (1/10th scale model test results). Volume 1: Technical discussion  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Space shuttle propellant dynamics during ET/Orbiter separation in the RTLS (return to launch site) mission abort sequence were investigated in a test program conducted in the NASA KC-135 "Zero G" aircraft using a 1/10th-scale model of the ET LOX Tank. Low-g parabolas were flown from which thirty tests were selected for evaluation. Data on the nature of low-g propellant reorientation in the ET LOX tank, and measurements of the forces exerted on the tank by the moving propellent will provide a basis for correlation with an analytical model of the slosh phenomenon.

Berry, R. L.; Tegart, J. R.; Demchak, L. J.

1979-01-01

141

Benchmarking for Steganography  

Microsoft Academic Search

With the increasing number of new steganographic algorithms as well as methods for detecting them, the issue of comparing\\u000a security of steganographic schemes in a fair manner is of the most importance. A fair benchmark for steganography should only\\u000a be dependent on the model chosen to represent cover and stego objects. In particular, it should be independent of any specific

Tomás Pevný; Jessica J. Fridrich

2008-01-01

142

Benchmark Comparisons August 2006  

E-print Network

administered oversamples are not included. Mean The mean is the weighted arithmetic average of student level Report Class Mean a Sig b Effect Size c Mean a Sig b Effect Size c Mean a Sig b Effect Size c First-Year 53.0 51.6 52.6 Seniors 57.5 56.0 56.5 Level of Academic Challenge (LAC) Selected Peers Benchmark Mean

Haykin, Simon

143

Estimating with Benchmark Fractions  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Teachers can use this interactive tool to help students develop fraction sense. After a teacher places a fraction, decimal, or expression on the screen, students determine which given benchmark number it is closest to. An adjustable number line supports conceptual understanding. This page includes a video demonstration of the tool and sample lessons from the Conceptua curriculum. Free registration is required to use the tool. A paid subscription is necessary to access full curriculum and allow full student use.

2011-01-01

144

Benchmarking Corporate Energy Management  

E-print Network

management practices at the corporate to energy manager levels. THE ENERGY TO OUTPUT INDEX It would be nice ifthere were a simple quantitative measure to how well a company managed its energy One measure that is often used is energy use per unit...BENCHMARKING CORPORATE ENERGY MANAGEMENT Dr. Douglas L. Norland Director of Research and Industrial Programs Alliance to Save Energy Washington, DC ABSTRACT There is growing interest among energy managers in finding out how their company...

Norland, D. L.

145

Benchmarking, BOMA BESt and BBEER  

E-print Network

?or?worse?than?????? Energy?Use?Intensity?(EUI)?=?? total?energy?consumed?in?one?year?(ekWh)?/?total?floor?space?of? the?building?(ft2) Benchmarking and BBEER 2013 ? reliable?information on?energy?use?and?benefits?of?improvements; ? prioritize poorly...?energy?efficiency?among?building?occupants. BENCHMARKING ? Benefits Source:?NRCan Benchmarking and BBEER 2013 ABOUT BOMA BESt ? Program Description Building?Environmental?Standards?(BESt) ? Environmental?performance?and?management? practices?of?existing?buildings ? Five...

Smiciklas, J.

2013-01-01

146

Fast System Level Benchmarks for Multicore Architectures  

E-print Network

% similarity to the real benchmarks. Index Terms--Synthetic benchmarks, SystemC, Parallel pat- ternsFast System Level Benchmarks for Multicore Architectures Alper Sen, Gokcehan Kara Etem Deniz, Smail level synthetic benchmarks from traditional bench- marks. Synthetic benchmarks have similar performance

Sen, Alper

147

The Interpretations and Applications of Boethius's Introduction to the Arithmetic II,1 at the End of the 10th Century  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper deals with comments and glosses to the first chapter of the second book of Boethius's Introduction to Arithmetic from the last quarter of the 10th century. Those texts were written by Gerbert of Aurillac (Scholium ad Boethii Arithmeticam Institutionem l. II, c. 1), Abbo of Fleury (commentary on the Calculus by Victorius of Aquitaine, the so-called De numero, mensura et pondere), Notker of Liège (De superparticularibus) and by the anonymous author (De arithmetica Boetii). The main aim of this paper is to show that Boethius's statements about the converting numerical sequences to equality from this work could be interpreted minimally in two different ways. This paper discussed also the application of this topic in other liberal arts (like astronomy, music, grammar etc.) and in playing game called rithmomachia, the medieval philosophers' game.

Otisk, Marek

148

The SEQUOIA 2000 storage benchmark  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents a benchmark that concisely captures the data base requirements of a collection of Earth Scientists working in the SEQUOIA 2000 project on various aspects of global change research. This benchmark has the novel characteristic that it uses real data sets and real queries that are representative of Earth Science tasks. Because it appears that Earth Science problems

Michael Stonebraker; Jim Frew; Kenn Gardels; Jeff Meredith

1993-01-01

149

Benchmarking. A Guide for Educators.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book offers strategies for enhancing a school's teaching and learning by using benchmarking, a team-research and data-driven process for increasing school effectiveness. Benchmarking enables professionals to study and know their systems and continually improve their practices. The book is designed to lead a team step by step through the…

Tucker, Sue

150

Former Yosemite Hydrologic Benchmark Streamgage  

USGS Multimedia Gallery

In this image, the former USGS Hydrologic Benchmark Streamgage on the Merced River in Yosemite Valley can be seen. Hydrologic Benchmark streamgages are those at which no human development exists upstream of the streamgage. The streamgage station has been in existence since 1915, and was replaced by ...

151

Benchmarking Parallel Java Master's Project Report  

E-print Network

Benchmarking Parallel Java Master's Project Report Asma'u Sani Mohammed Java API by implementing the OpenMP version of the NAS Parallel Benchmark (NPB in comparison with FORTRAN OpenMP. Benchmarking Parallel Java allows us to understand

Kaminsky, Alan

152

The Enlightenment Music Contract. 10th Grade Lesson. Schools of California Online Resources for Education (SCORE): Connecting California's Classrooms to the World.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The "philosophes" of the Enlightenment Period were a group of free (different) thinkers who offered commentary on societal issues. Often, they were like one of today's social commentators suggesting reforms for the political system. Since the United States during the era of the Revolutionary War was seeking reform of what they considered English…

Kelly, Freda

153

Benchmarking foreign electronics technologies  

SciTech Connect

This report has been drafted in response to a request from the Japanese Technology Evaluation Center`s (JTEC) Panel on Benchmarking Select Technologies. Since April 1991, the Competitive Semiconductor Manufacturing (CSM) Program at the University of California at Berkeley has been engaged in a detailed study of quality, productivity, and competitiveness in semiconductor manufacturing worldwide. The program is a joint activity of the College of Engineering, the Haas School of Business, and the Berkeley Roundtable on the International Economy, under sponsorship of the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation, and with the cooperation of semiconductor producers from Asia, Europe and the United States. Professors David A. Hodges and Robert C. Leachman are the project`s Co-Directors. The present report for JTEC is primarily based on data and analysis drawn from that continuing program. The CSM program is being conducted by faculty, graduate students and research staff from UC Berkeley`s Schools of Engineering and Business, and Department of Economics. Many of the participating firms are represented on the program`s Industry Advisory Board. The Board played an important role in defining the research agenda. A pilot study was conducted in 1991 with the cooperation of three semiconductor plants. The research plan and survey documents were thereby refined. The main phase of the CSM benchmarking study began in mid-1992 and will continue at least through 1997. reports are presented on the manufacture of integrated circuits; data storage; wireless technology; human-machine interfaces; and optoelectronics. Selected papers are indexed separately for inclusion in the Energy Science and Technology Database.

Bostian, C.W.; Hodges, D.A.; Leachman, R.C.; Sheridan, T.B.; Tsang, W.T.; White, R.M.

1994-12-01

154

Nursing-sensitive benchmarks for hospitals to gauge high-reliability performance.  

PubMed

Benchmarking expedites the quest for best practices and is crucial to hospitals' effective, reliable, and superior performance. Comparative performance data are used by accrediting and regulatory bodies to evaluate performance and by consumers in making decisions on where to seek healthcare. Nursing-sensitive quality measures affirmed by the National Quality Forum are now used in public reporting and pay-for-performance in addition to traditional medical outcome metrics. This report provides hospital nursing-sensitive benchmarks from medical/surgical, critical care, and step-down units drawn from 196 hospitals during six quarters in 2007 and 2008. Outcome measures include pressure ulcer prevalence rates and fall/falls with injury rates. Additional indicators that describe nursing care (nurse staffing care hours, skill mix, nurse/patient ratios, workload intensity, voluntary turnover, and use of sitters) and patient descriptors (age, gender, and diagnosis description) were also included. Specific benchmarks are provided using the 10th and the 90th percentiles, as well as quartiles to allow hospitals an opportunity to understand comparative performance with specificity. The purpose of this article is to provide hospitals not currently participating in comparative benchmarking databases with nursing-sensitive data from the Collaborative Alliance for Nursing Outcomes for use in performance improvement processes. PMID:20946421

Brown, Diane Storer; Donaldson, Nancy; Burnes Bolton, Linda; Aydin, Carolyn E

2010-01-01

155

Benchmarking in water project analysis  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The with/without principle of cost-benefit analysis is examined for the possible bias that it brings to water resource planning. Theory and examples for this question are established. Because benchmarking against the demonstrably low without-project hurdle can detract from economic welfare and can fail to promote efficient policy, improvement opportunities are investigated. In lieu of the traditional, without-project benchmark, a second-best-based "difference-making benchmark" is proposed. The project authorizations and modified review processes instituted by the U.S. Water Resources Development Act of 2007 may provide for renewed interest in these findings.

Griffin, Ronald C.

2008-11-01

156

California commercial building energy benchmarking  

SciTech Connect

Building energy benchmarking is the comparison of whole-building energy use relative to a set of similar buildings. It provides a useful starting point for individual energy audits and for targeting buildings for energy-saving measures in multiple-site audits. Benchmarking is of interest and practical use to a number of groups. Energy service companies and performance contractors communicate energy savings potential with ''typical'' and ''best-practice'' benchmarks while control companies and utilities can provide direct tracking of energy use and combine data from multiple buildings. Benchmarking is also useful in the design stage of a new building or retrofit to determine if a design is relatively efficient. Energy managers and building owners have an ongoing interest in comparing energy performance to others. Large corporations, schools, and government agencies with numerous facilities also use benchmarking methods to compare their buildings to each other. The primary goal of Task 2.1.1 Web-based Benchmarking was the development of a web-based benchmarking tool, dubbed Cal-Arch, for benchmarking energy use in California commercial buildings. While there were several other benchmarking tools available to California consumers prior to the development of Cal-Arch, there were none that were based solely on California data. Most available benchmarking information, including the Energy Star performance rating, were developed using DOE's Commercial Building Energy Consumption Survey (CBECS), which does not provide state-level data. Each database and tool has advantages as well as limitations, such as the number of buildings and the coverage by type, climate regions and end uses. There is considerable commercial interest in benchmarking because it provides an inexpensive method of screening buildings for tune-ups and retrofits. However, private companies who collect and manage consumption data are concerned that the identities of building owners might be revealed and hence are reluctant to share their data. The California Commercial End Use Survey (CEUS), the primary source of data for Cal-Arch, is a unique source of information on commercial buildings in California. It has not been made public; however, it was made available by CEC to LBNL for the purpose of developing a public benchmarking tool.

Kinney, Satkartar; Piette, Mary Ann

2003-07-01

157

Grading Congestion  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Students construct a model roadway with congestion and apply their knowledge of level of service (LOS) to assign a grade to the road conditions. The roadway is simply a track outlined with cones or ropes with a few students walking around it to mimic congestion. The remaining students employ both techniques of density and flow to classify the LOS of the track.

STARS GK-12 Program,

158

The DaCapo benchmarks: java benchmarking development and analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Since benchmarks drive computer science research and industry product development, which ones we use and how we evaluate them are key questions for the community. Despite complex run-time tradeoffs due to dynamic compilation and garbage collection required for Java programs, many evaluations still use methodolo-gies developed for C, C++, and Fortran. SPEC, the dominant pur-veyor of benchmarks, compounded this problem

Stephen M. Blackburn; Robin Garner; Chris Hoffmann; Asjad M. Khan; Kathryn S. Mckinley; Rotem Bentzur; Amer Diwan; Daniel Feinberg; Daniel Frampton; Samuel Z. Guyer; Martin Hirzel; Antony L. Hosking; Maria Jump; Han Bok Lee; J. Eliot B. Moss; Aashish Phansalkar; Darko Stefanovic; Thomas Vandrunen; Daniel Von Dincklage; Ben Wiedermann

2006-01-01

159

Virtual machine performance benchmarking.  

PubMed

The attractions of virtual computing are many: reduced costs, reduced resources and simplified maintenance. Any one of these would be compelling for a medical imaging professional attempting to support a complex practice on limited resources in an era of ever tightened reimbursement. In particular, the ability to run multiple operating systems optimized for different tasks (computational image processing on Linux versus office tasks on Microsoft operating systems) on a single physical machine is compelling. However, there are also potential drawbacks. High performance requirements need to be carefully considered if they are to be executed in an environment where the running software has to execute through multiple layers of device drivers before reaching the real disk or network interface. Our lab has attempted to gain insight into the impact of virtualization on performance by benchmarking the following metrics on both physical and virtual platforms: local memory and disk bandwidth, network bandwidth, and integer and floating point performance. The virtual performance metrics are compared to baseline performance on "bare metal." The results are complex, and indeed somewhat surprising. PMID:21207096

Langer, Steve G; French, Todd

2011-10-01

160

Ensembl's 10th year.  

PubMed

Ensembl (http://www.ensembl.org) integrates genomic information for a comprehensive set of chordate genomes with a particular focus on resources for human, mouse, rat, zebrafish and other high-value sequenced genomes. We provide complete gene annotations for all supported species in addition to specific resources that target genome variation, function and evolution. Ensembl data is accessible in a variety of formats including via our genome browser, API and BioMart. This year marks the tenth anniversary of Ensembl and in that time the project has grown with advances in genome technology. As of release 56 (September 2009), Ensembl supports 51 species including marmoset, pig, zebra finch, lizard, gorilla and wallaby, which were added in the past year. Major additions and improvements to Ensembl since our previous report include the incorporation of the human GRCh37 assembly, enhanced visualisation and data-mining options for the Ensembl regulatory features and continued development of our software infrastructure. PMID:19906699

Flicek, Paul; Aken, Bronwen L; Ballester, Benoit; Beal, Kathryn; Bragin, Eugene; Brent, Simon; Chen, Yuan; Clapham, Peter; Coates, Guy; Fairley, Susan; Fitzgerald, Stephen; Fernandez-Banet, Julio; Gordon, Leo; Gräf, Stefan; Haider, Syed; Hammond, Martin; Howe, Kerstin; Jenkinson, Andrew; Johnson, Nathan; Kähäri, Andreas; Keefe, Damian; Keenan, Stephen; Kinsella, Rhoda; Kokocinski, Felix; Koscielny, Gautier; Kulesha, Eugene; Lawson, Daniel; Longden, Ian; Massingham, Tim; McLaren, William; Megy, Karine; Overduin, Bert; Pritchard, Bethan; Rios, Daniel; Ruffier, Magali; Schuster, Michael; Slater, Guy; Smedley, Damian; Spudich, Giulietta; Tang, Y Amy; Trevanion, Stephen; Vilella, Albert; Vogel, Jan; White, Simon; Wilder, Steven P; Zadissa, Amonida; Birney, Ewan; Cunningham, Fiona; Dunham, Ian; Durbin, Richard; Fernández-Suarez, Xosé M; Herrero, Javier; Hubbard, Tim J P; Parker, Anne; Proctor, Glenn; Smith, James; Searle, Stephen M J

2010-01-01

161

Report on the 10th anniversary of international drug discovery science and technology conference, 8 - 10 november 2012, nanjing, china.  

PubMed

The 10th Anniversary of International Drug Discovery Science and Technology (IDDST) Conference was held in Nanjing, China from 8 to 10 November 2012. The conference ran in parallel with the 2nd Annual Symposium of Drug Delivery Systems. Over 400 delegates from both conferences came together for the Opening Ceremony and Keynote Addresses but otherwise pursued separate paths in the huge facilities of the Nanjing International Expo Centre. The IDDST was arranged into 19 separate Chapters covering drug discovery biology, target validation, chemistry, rational drug design, pharmacology and toxicology, drug screening technology, 'omics' technologies, analytical, automation and enabling technologies, informatics, stem cells and regenerative medicine, bioprocessing, generics, biosimilars and biologicals and seven disease areas: cancer, CNS, respiratory and inflammation, autoimmune, emerging infectious, bone and orphan diseases. There were also two sessions of a 'Bench to Bedside to Business' Program and a Chinese Scientist programme. In each period of the IDDST conference, up to seven sessions were running in parallel. This Meeting Highlight samples just a fraction of the content of this large meeting. The talks included have as a link, the use of new approaches to drug discovery. Many other excellent talks could have been highlighted and the author has necessarily had to be selective. PMID:23339328

Everett, Jeremy R

2013-03-01

162

Interpreting the Benchmark Comparisons Report  

E-print Network

are not included. Mean The mean is the weighted arithmetic average of student level benchmark scores. Bar ChartsInterpreting the Benchmark Comparisons Report Class Mean a Sig b Effect Size c Mean a Sig b Effect Size c Mean a Sig b Effect Size c First-Year 51.6 .05 50.4 * .14 51.8 .04 Senior 55.9 -.01 55.6 .02 55

Rhode Island, University of

163

Benchmarking hypercube hardware and software  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

It was long a truism in computer systems design that balanced systems achieve the best performance. Message passing parallel processors are no different. To quantify the balance of a hypercube design, an experimental methodology was developed and the associated suite of benchmarks was applied to several existing hypercubes. The benchmark suite includes tests of both processor speed in the absence of internode communication and message transmission speed as a function of communication patterns.

Grunwald, Dirk C.; Reed, Daniel A.

1986-01-01

164

Randomized Benchmarking of Clifford Operators  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Randomized benchmarking is an experimental procedure intended to demonstrate control of quantum systems. The procedure extracts the average error introduced by a set of control operations. When the target set of operations is intended to be the set of Clifford operators, the randomized benchmarking algorithm is particularly easy to perform and its results have an important interpretation with respect to quantum computation. The aim of the benchmark is to provide a simple, useful parameter describing the quality of quantum control with an experiment that can be performed in a standard way on any prospective quantum computer. This parameter can be used to fairly compare different experiments or to mark improvement in a single experiment. In this thesis I discuss first the original randomized-benchmarking procedure and the importance of the Clifford operators for its implementation. I develop the statistical analysis of the results and the physical assumptions that are required for the simplest analysis to apply. The original procedure does not extend in an obvious way to benchmarking of more than one qubit, so I introduce a standardized procedure for randomized benchmarking that applies to any number of qubits. This new procedure also enables the benchmarking of an individual control operation. I describe two randomized-benchmarking experiments I helped to design: one involved a single qubit and utilized a variation of the original procedure and the second involved two qubits and demonstrated the new procedure. I conclude with several potential extensions to the original and new procedures that give them reduced experimental overhead, the ability to describe encoded operations, and fairer comparisons between experiments.

Meier, A. M.

165

Benchmarking Small Business Performance: Barriers and Benefits  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract Benchmarking,is now ,a commonplace ,term in business ,and many ,definitions have been proposed. Despite its increasing popularity there is growing ,evidence that it is often used incorrectly. ‘Benchmarking’ seems to be confused with competitive comparison studies, which are simply a component part of benchmarking. This paper reviews previous benchmarking studies in general, identifying the background to its growth, and

Sue Bergin

166

Commbench - a telecommunication benchmark for network processors  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract This paper presents a benchmark, CommBench, for use in evaluating and designing telecommunications network processors. The benchmark applications focus on small, computationally intense program kernels typical of the network processor environment. The benchmark is composed of eight programs, four of them oriented towards packet header processing and four oriented towards data stream processing. The benchmark is dened,and various characteristics

T. Wolf; M. Franklin

2000-01-01

167

NHT-1 I/O Benchmarks  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The NHT-1 benchmarks am a set of three scalable I/0 benchmarks suitable for evaluating the I/0 subsystems of high performance distributed memory computer systems. The benchmarks test application I/0, maximum sustained disk I/0, and maximum sustained network I/0. Sample codes are available which implement the benchmarks.

Carter, Russell; Ciotti, Bob; Fineberg, Sam; Nitzbert, Bill

1992-01-01

168

Benchmarking for the Learning and Skills Sector.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document is designed to introduce practitioners in the United Kingdom's learning and skills sector to the principles and practice of benchmarking. The first section defines benchmarking and differentiates metric, diagnostic, and process benchmarking. The remainder of the booklet details the following steps of the benchmarking process: (1) get…

Owen, Jane

169

Benchmarks for GADRAS performance validation.  

SciTech Connect

The performance of the Gamma Detector Response and Analysis Software (GADRAS) was validated by comparing GADRAS model results to experimental measurements for a series of benchmark sources. Sources for the benchmark include a plutonium metal sphere, bare and shielded in polyethylene, plutonium oxide in cans, a highly enriched uranium sphere, bare and shielded in polyethylene, a depleted uranium shell and spheres, and a natural uranium sphere. The benchmark experimental data were previously acquired and consist of careful collection of background and calibration source spectra along with the source spectra. The calibration data were fit with GADRAS to determine response functions for the detector in each experiment. A one-dimensional model (pie chart) was constructed for each source based on the dimensions of the benchmark source. The GADRAS code made a forward calculation from each model to predict the radiation spectrum for the detector used in the benchmark experiment. The comparisons between the GADRAS calculation and the experimental measurements are excellent, validating that GADRAS can correctly predict the radiation spectra for these well-defined benchmark sources.

Mattingly, John K.; Mitchell, Dean James; Rhykerd, Charles L., Jr.

2009-09-01

170

Proceedings of the 10th Conference on Computational Natural Language Learning (CoNLL-X), pages 3744, New York City, June 2006. c 2006 Association for Computational Linguistics  

E-print Network

. In order to explain the antecedent selection task for definite anaphora clearly, we provide the follow- ingProceedings of the 10th Conference on Computational Natural Language Learning (CoNLL-X), pages 37 Definite Anaphora by Modeling Hypernymy using Unlabeled Corpora Nikesh Garera and David Yarowsky Department

171

18 Abstracts, 10th Nottingham International Breast Cancer Conference, 18-20 September 2007 O-56 Quality assurance issues in breast cancer  

E-print Network

18 Abstracts, 10th Nottingham International Breast Cancer Conference, 18-20 September 2007 O-56 Quality assurance issues in breast cancer pathology: a New Zealand teaching hospital experience G of breast cancer pathology in the context of aiming to deliver a quality service in a public sector hospital

Aickelin, Uwe

172

The 10th International Symposium on Virtual Reality, Archaeology and Cultural Heritage VAST (2009) Short and Project Papers K. Debattista, C. Perlingieri, D. Pitzalis, and S. Spina (Editors)  

E-print Network

The 10th International Symposium on Virtual Reality, Archaeology and Cultural Heritage VAST (2009-Based Identification/Search for Archaeology S. Marchand1 , P. Desbarats1 , A. Vialard1 , F. Bechtel2 , A. Ben Amara2 (Image-Based Identification/Search for Archaeology) is a research project supported by the French CNRS

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

173

Creating Cultures of Peace: Pedagogical Thought and Practice. Selected Papers from the 10th Triennial World Conference (September 10-15, 2001, Madrid, Spain)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The 10th Triennial World Conference of the World Council for Curriculum and Instruction (WCCI) was held September 10-15, 2001 in Madrid, Spain. The theme of the conference was "Cultures of Peace." Thirty-four papers and presentations are divided into nine sections. Part I, Tributes to the Founders of WCCI, includes: (1) Tribute to Alice Miel…

Benton, Jean E., Ed.; Swami, Piyush, Ed.

2007-01-01

174

The Transition to Work and Independence for Youth with Disabilities. A Report of the Mary E. Switzer Memorial Seminar (10th, Washington, DC, November 13-15, 1985).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Six papers prepared for presentations at the 10th Mary E. Switzer Memorial Seminar focus on topics related to transition from school to work and independence for disabled youth. Each paper concludes with excerpts of reviews and comments, followed by recommendations which are presented to further stimulate thinking, discussion, and action. The…

Perlman, Leonard G., Ed.; Austin, Gary F., Ed.

175

Implementation of Benchmarking Transportation Logistics Practices and Future Benchmarking Organizations  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of the Office of Civilian Radioactive Waste Management's (OCRWM) Logistics Benchmarking Project is to identify established government and industry practices for the safe transportation of hazardous materials which can serve as a yardstick for design and operation of OCRWM's national transportation system for shipping spent nuclear fuel and high-level radioactive waste to the proposed repository at Yucca Mountain, Nevada. The project will present logistics and transportation practices and develop implementation recommendations for adaptation by the national transportation system. This paper will describe the process used to perform the initial benchmarking study, highlight interim findings, and explain how these findings are being implemented. It will also provide an overview of the next phase of benchmarking studies. The benchmarking effort will remain a high-priority activity throughout the planning and operational phases of the transportation system. The initial phase of the project focused on government transportation programs to identify those practices which are most clearly applicable to OCRWM. These Federal programs have decades of safe transportation experience, strive for excellence in operations, and implement effective stakeholder involvement, all of which parallel OCRWM's transportation mission and vision. The initial benchmarking project focused on four business processes that are critical to OCRWM's mission success, and can be incorporated into OCRWM planning and preparation in the near term. The processes examined were: transportation business model, contract management/out-sourcing, stakeholder relations, and contingency planning. More recently, OCRWM examined logistics operations of AREVA NC's Business Unit Logistics in France. The next phase of benchmarking will focus on integrated domestic and international commercial radioactive logistic operations. The prospective companies represent large scale shippers and have vast experience in safely and efficiently shipping spent nuclear fuel and other radioactive materials. Additional business processes may be examined in this phase. The findings of these benchmarking efforts will help determine the organizational structure and requirements of the national transportation system. (authors)

Thrower, A.W. [U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Civilian Radioactive Waste Management, Washington, DC (United States); Patric, J. [Booz Allen Hamilton, Washington, DC (United States); Keister, M. [Idaho National Laboratory, Idaho Falls, ID (United States)

2008-07-01

176

Correlational Effect Size Benchmarks.  

PubMed

Effect size information is essential for the scientific enterprise and plays an increasingly central role in the scientific process. We extracted 147,328 correlations and developed a hierarchical taxonomy of variables reported in Journal of Applied Psychology and Personnel Psychology from 1980 to 2010 to produce empirical effect size benchmarks at the omnibus level, for 20 common research domains, and for an even finer grained level of generality. Results indicate that the usual interpretation and classification of effect sizes as small, medium, and large bear almost no resemblance to findings in the field, because distributions of effect sizes exhibit tertile partitions at values approximately one-half to one-third those intuited by Cohen (1988). Our results offer information that can be used for research planning and design purposes, such as producing better informed non-nil hypotheses and estimating statistical power and planning sample size accordingly. We also offer information useful for understanding the relative importance of the effect sizes found in a particular study in relationship to others and which research domains have advanced more or less, given that larger effect sizes indicate a better understanding of a phenomenon. Also, our study offers information about research domains for which the investigation of moderating effects may be more fruitful and provide information that is likely to facilitate the implementation of Bayesian analysis. Finally, our study offers information that practitioners can use to evaluate the relative effectiveness of various types of interventions. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2014 APA, all rights reserved). PMID:25314367

Bosco, Frank A; Aguinis, Herman; Singh, Kulraj; Field, James G; Pierce, Charles A

2014-10-13

177

Radiation Detection Computational Benchmark Scenarios  

SciTech Connect

Modeling forms an important component of radiation detection development, allowing for testing of new detector designs, evaluation of existing equipment against a wide variety of potential threat sources, and assessing operation performance of radiation detection systems. This can, however, result in large and complex scenarios which are time consuming to model. A variety of approaches to radiation transport modeling exist with complementary strengths and weaknesses for different problems. This variety of approaches, and the development of promising new tools (such as ORNL’s ADVANTG) which combine benefits of multiple approaches, illustrates the need for a means of evaluating or comparing different techniques for radiation detection problems. This report presents a set of 9 benchmark problems for comparing different types of radiation transport calculations, identifying appropriate tools for classes of problems, and testing and guiding the development of new methods. The benchmarks were drawn primarily from existing or previous calculations with a preference for scenarios which include experimental data, or otherwise have results with a high level of confidence, are non-sensitive, and represent problem sets of interest to NA-22. From a technical perspective, the benchmarks were chosen to span a range of difficulty and to include gamma transport, neutron transport, or both and represent different important physical processes and a range of sensitivity to angular or energy fidelity. Following benchmark identification, existing information about geometry, measurements, and previous calculations were assembled. Monte Carlo results (MCNP decks) were reviewed or created and re-run in order to attain accurate computational times and to verify agreement with experimental data, when present. Benchmark information was then conveyed to ORNL in order to guide testing and development of hybrid calculations. The results of those ADVANTG calculations were then sent to PNNL for compilation. This is a report describing the details of the selected Benchmarks and results from various transport codes.

Shaver, Mark W.; Casella, Andrew M.; Wittman, Richard S.; McDonald, Ben S.

2013-09-24

178

Energy in the Global Marketplace. Grades 9, 10, 11. Interdisciplinary Student/Teacher Materials in Energy, the Environment, and the Economy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This instructional unit contains six classroom lessons in which 9th, 10th, or 11th grade social studies students examine the effects of competition among nations and world regions as demand for oil outstrips supply. The overall objective is to help students understand the concept that energy is a commodity to be bought and sold like any other…

National Science Teachers Association, Washington, DC.

179

The Turn of the Century. Tenth Grade Lesson. Schools of California Online Resources for Education (SCORE): Connecting California's Classrooms to the World.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this 10th grade social studies and language arts interdisciplinary unit, students research and report on historical figures from the turn of the 20th century. Students are required to work in pairs to learn about famous and common individuals, including Andrew Carnegie, Samuel Gompers, Susan B. Anthony, Thomas Edison, Theodore Roosevelt, Booker…

Bartels, Dede

180

Yun, H. & Chanier, T. (2012). Training or reflective practice for language teachers on textchat. Benefits of using interactional analysis tools on structured corpus. Proceedings of the TALC 10 (10th Teaching and Language  

E-print Network

. Benefits of using interactional analysis tools on structured corpus. Proceedings of the TALC 10 (10th The concept of Learner Corpus (Granger, Hung & Petch-Tyson, 2002) is well known among the TALC community Author manuscript, published in "TALC 10: 10th Teaching and Language Corpora Conference, Varsovie

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

181

A comparison of five benchmarks  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Five benchmark programs were obtained and run on the NASA Lewis CRAY X-MP/24. A comparison was made between the programs codes and between the methods for calculating performance figures. Several multitasking jobs were run to gain experience in how parallel performance is measured.

Huss, Janice E.; Pennline, James A.

1987-01-01

182

Guidelines for Grading.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Designed to assist community college instructors in the difficult task of grading students, this seven-part guidebook provides philosophical, theoretical and practical advice. Section I covers common problems associated with grading, the need for grades, and the link between grades and subsequent performance. Section II, "Limitations of Grades,"…

Rubadeau, Duane O.; Rubadeau, Ronald J.

183

Institution Credits Grade  

E-print Network

Institution Foreign Credits ECTS Credits US Credits Grade Grade Conversion University of Neveda - Reno US credits and grades Study Abroad Conversion USAC #12;(Agrentina) Institution Foreign Credits ECTS Credits US Credits Grade Grade Conversion Universidad Catolica Agrentina 4 4.2 10 - Sobresaliente

Duchowski, Andrew T.

184

Grading More Accurately  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Grades matter. College grading systems, however, are often ad hoc and prone to mistakes. This essay focuses on one factor that contributes to high-quality grading systems: grading accuracy (or "efficiency"). I proceed in several steps. First, I discuss the elements of "efficient" (i.e., accurate) grading. Next, I present analytical results…

Rom, Mark Carl

2011-01-01

185

Dhrystone: a synthetic systems programming benchmark  

Microsoft Academic Search

Reflecting current data on the use of programming language constructs in systems programming, a synthetic benchmark is constructed based on the distribution appearing in the data. The benchmark executes 100 Ada statements that are balanced in terms of the distribution of statement types, data types, and data locality. Pascal and C versions of the benchmark are discussed.

Reinhold P. Weicker

1984-01-01

186

The LINPACK Benchmark: past, present and future  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes the LINPACK Benchmark (41) and some of its variations commonly used to assess perfor- mance of computer systems. Aside from the LINPACK benchmark suite, the TOP500 (43), and the HPL (48) code are presented. The latter is frequently used to obtained results for TOP500 submissions. Information is also given on how to interpret results of the benchmark

Jack J. Dongarra; Piotr Luszczek; Antoine Petitet

2003-01-01

187

DPF: A Data Parallel Fortran Benchmark Suite  

E-print Network

DPF: A Data Parallel Fortran Benchmark Suite Yu Charlie Hu S. Lennart Johnsson Dimitris Kehagias Parallel Processing Symposium, Geneva, Switzerland, April 1997. #12; DPF: A Data Parallel Fortran Benchmark@deas.harvard.edu Abstract We present the Data Parallel Fortran (DPF) benchmark suite, a set of data parallel Fortran codes

Johnsson, S. Lennart

188

Brief Announcement: The Problem Based Benchmark Suite  

E-print Network

). PBBS is a set of benchmarks designed for comparing par- allel algorithmic approaches, parallel [Analysis of Algorithms and Problem Complexity]: General Keywords: Parallel Algorithms, BenchmarkingBrief Announcement: The Problem Based Benchmark Suite Julian Shun Guy E. Blelloch Jeremy T. Fineman

189

Testing (Validating?) Cross Sections with ICSBEP Benchmarks  

SciTech Connect

We discuss how to use critical benchmarks from the International Handbook of Evaluated Criticality Safety Benchmark Experiments to determine the applicability of specific cross sections to the end-user's problem of interest. Particular attention is paid to making sure the selected suite of benchmarks includes the user's range of applicability (ROA).

Kahler, Albert C. III [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2012-06-28

190

Developing Internet E-Commerce Benchmarks  

Microsoft Academic Search

A benchmark is a standard for measuring and comparing the performance of like systems. For new product makers, a benchmark can provide important statistical information so products can be fine-tuned before their deployment. For end users, on the other hand, a benchmark can be used to compare the strengths and weaknesses of different products so that an informed decision can

Dawn N. Jutla; Peter Bodorik; Yie Wang

1999-01-01

191

42 CFR 440.385 - Delivery of benchmark and benchmark-equivalent coverage through managed care entities.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Delivery of benchmark and benchmark-equivalent coverage through managed care entities...ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS SERVICES: GENERAL PROVISIONS Benchmark Benefit and Benchmark-Equivalent Coverage §...

2014-10-01

192

42 CFR 440.385 - Delivery of benchmark and benchmark-equivalent coverage through managed care entities.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Delivery of benchmark and benchmark-equivalent coverage through managed care entities...ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS SERVICES: GENERAL PROVISIONS Benchmark Benefit and Benchmark-Equivalent Coverage §...

2010-10-01

193

Analysis of benchmark characteristics and benchmark performance prediction  

Microsoft Academic Search

Standard benchmarking provides to run-times for given programs on given machines, but fails to provide insight as to why those results were obtained (either in terms of machine or program characteristics) and fails to provide run-times for that program on some other machine, or some other programs on that machine. We have developed a machine-imdependent model of program execution to

Rafael H. Saavedra; Alan Jay Smith

1996-01-01

194

Geothermal Heat Pump Benchmarking Report  

SciTech Connect

A benchmarking study was conducted on behalf of the Department of Energy to determine the critical factors in successful utility geothermal heat pump programs. A Successful program is one that has achieved significant market penetration. Successfully marketing geothermal heat pumps has presented some major challenges to the utility industry. However, select utilities have developed programs that generate significant GHP sales. This benchmarking study concludes that there are three factors critical to the success of utility GHP marking programs: (1) Top management marketing commitment; (2) An understanding of the fundamentals of marketing and business development; and (3) An aggressive competitive posture. To generate significant GHP sales, competitive market forces must by used. However, because utilities have functioned only in a regulated arena, these companies and their leaders are unschooled in competitive business practices. Therefore, a lack of experience coupled with an intrinsically non-competitive culture yields an industry environment that impedes the generation of significant GHP sales in many, but not all, utilities.

None

1997-01-17

195

Outlook for Industrial Energy Benchmarking  

E-print Network

Maintenance Operating Expenses (including energy costs) ? Distribution ? Sales & Marketing Some companies, such as DuPont, Royal Dutch ShelL Dow, Lyondell, and Exxon, have dedicated energy management teams which collect information and do internal... BENCHMARKING In 1989, DuPont set out to answer two questions about power and energy: ? How does DuPont compare to leading companies in technology, cost, performance and management of the Power and Utilities function? ? What actions should DuPont take...

Hartley, Z.

196

Material characterizations for Benchmark 1 and Benchmark 2  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This report summarizes material testing on three metals used in the Numisheet 2014 Benchmark Study, a DP 600 steel sheet, a TRIP 780 steel sheet, and an aluminum alloy 5182-O sheet. The tests include r value, yield stress, and hardening in uniaxial tension at 15 degree increments of the loading axis in the plane of the sheet, r value, yield stress, and hardening in equal biaxial tension, and forming limit curves for all three metals. In addition, cyclic tension-compression tests along the rolling direction are reported for the DP 600 and aluminum alloy.

Stoughton, Thomas B.; Shi, Ming F.; Huang, Gang; Yoon, Jeong Whan

2013-12-01

197

Gaia FGK benchmark stars: Metallicity  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Context. To calibrate automatic pipelines that determine atmospheric parameters of stars, one needs a sample of stars, or "benchmark stars", with well-defined parameters to be used as a reference. Aims: We provide detailed documentation of the iron abundance determination of the 34 FGK-type benchmark stars that are selected to be the pillars for calibration of the one billion Gaia stars. They cover a wide range of temperatures, surface gravities, and metallicities. Methods: Up to seven different methods were used to analyze an observed spectral library of high resolutions and high signal-to-noise ratios. The metallicity was determined by assuming a value of effective temperature and surface gravity obtained from fundamental relations; that is, these parameters were known a priori and independently from the spectra. Results: We present a set of metallicity values obtained in a homogeneous way for our sample of benchmark stars. In addition to this value, we provide detailed documentation of the associated uncertainties. Finally, we report a value of the metallicity of the cool giant ? Phe for the first time. Based on NARVAL and HARPS data obtained within the Gaia DPAC (Data Processing and Analysis Consortium) and coordinated by the GBOG (Ground-Based Observations for Gaia) working group and on data retrieved from the ESO-ADP database.Tables 6-76 are only available at the CDS via anonymous ftp to http://cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr (ftp://130.79.128.5) or via http://cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr/viz-bin/qcat?J/A+A/564/A133

Jofré, P.; Heiter, U.; Soubiran, C.; Blanco-Cuaresma, S.; Worley, C. C.; Pancino, E.; Cantat-Gaudin, T.; Magrini, L.; Bergemann, M.; González Hernández, J. I.; Hill, V.; Lardo, C.; de Laverny, P.; Lind, K.; Masseron, T.; Montes, D.; Mucciarelli, A.; Nordlander, T.; Recio Blanco, A.; Sobeck, J.; Sordo, R.; Sousa, S. G.; Tabernero, H.; Vallenari, A.; Van Eck, S.

2014-04-01

198

Benchmarking for Excellence and the Nursing Process  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Nursing is a service profession. The services provided are essential to life and welfare. Therefore, setting the benchmark for high quality care is fundamental. Exploring the definition of a benchmark value will help to determine a best practice approach. A benchmark is the descriptive statement of a desired level of performance against which quality can be judged. It must be sufficiently well understood by managers and personnel in order that it may serve as a standard against which to measure value.

Sleboda, Claire

1999-01-01

199

The NAS Parallel Benchmark Kernels in MPL  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Numerical Aerodynamic Simulation (NAS) Parallel Benchmarks are a set ofalgorithmically specified benchmarks indicative of the computation and communicationneeds of typical large-scale aerodynamics problems. Although a greatdeal of work has been done with respect to implementing the NAS ParallelBenchmark suite on high-end vector supercomputers, multiprocessors, and multicomputers,only recently has the possibility of running such demanding applicationson workstation clusters begun to

Adam Ferrari; Adrian Filipi-martin; Soumya Viswanathan

1995-01-01

200

NASA Software Engineering Benchmarking Effort  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Benchmarking was very interesting and provided a wealth of information (1) We did see potential solutions to some of our "top 10" issues (2) We have an assessment of where NASA stands with relation to other aerospace/defense groups We formed new contacts and potential collaborations (1) Several organizations sent us examples of their templates, processes (2) Many of the organizations were interested in future collaboration: sharing of training, metrics, Capability Maturity Model Integration (CMMI) appraisers, instructors, etc. We received feedback from some of our contractors/ partners (1) Desires to participate in our training; provide feedback on procedures (2) Welcomed opportunity to provide feedback on working with NASA

Godfrey, Sally; Rarick, Heather

2012-01-01

201

Benchmarks for acute stroke care delivery  

PubMed Central

Objective Despite widespread interest in many jurisdictions in monitoring and improving the quality of stroke care delivery, benchmarks for most stroke performance indicators have not been established. The objective of this study was to develop data-derived benchmarks for acute stroke quality indicators. Design Nine key acute stroke quality indicators were selected from the Canadian Stroke Best Practice Performance Measures Manual. Participants A population-based retrospective sample of patients discharged from 142 hospitals in Ontario, Canada, between 1 April 2008 and 31 March 2009 (N = 3191) was used to calculate hospital rates of performance and benchmarks. Intervention The Achievable Benchmark of Care (ABC™) methodology was used to create benchmarks based on the performance of the upper 15% of patients in the top-performing hospitals. Main Outcome Measures Benchmarks were calculated for rates of neuroimaging, carotid imaging, stroke unit admission, dysphasia screening and administration of stroke-related medications. Results The following benchmarks were derived: neuroimaging within 24 h, 98%; admission to a stroke unit, 77%; thrombolysis among patients arriving within 2.5 h, 59%; carotid imaging, 93%; dysphagia screening, 88%; antithrombotic therapy, 98%; anticoagulation for atrial fibrillation, 94%; antihypertensive therapy, 92% and lipid-lowering therapy, 77%. ABC™ acute stroke care benchmarks achieve or exceed the consensus-based targets required by Accreditation Canada, with the exception of dysphagia screening. Conclusions Benchmarks for nine hospital-based acute stroke care quality indicators have been established. These can be used in the development of standards for quality improvement initiatives. PMID:24141011

Hall, Ruth E.; Khan, Ferhana; Bayley, Mark T.; Asllani, Eriola; Lindsay, Patrice; Hill, Michael D.; O'Callaghan, Christina; Silver, Frank L.; Kapral, Moira K.

2013-01-01

202

Method and system for benchmarking computers  

DOEpatents

A testing system and method for benchmarking computer systems. The system includes a store containing a scalable set of tasks to be performed to produce a solution in ever-increasing degrees of resolution as a larger number of the tasks are performed. A timing and control module allots to each computer a fixed benchmarking interval in which to perform the stored tasks. Means are provided for determining, after completion of the benchmarking interval, the degree of progress through the scalable set of tasks and for producing a benchmarking rating relating to the degree of progress for each computer.

Gustafson, John L. (Ames, IA)

1993-09-14

203

Airport Capacity Benchmark Report 2001  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Released in April 2001 by the FAA (Federal Aviation Administration), this report provides the first capacity benchmarks for 31 of the nation's busiest airports. Capacity benchmarks are defined as "the maximum number of flights an airport can routinely handle in an hour." The report finds, among other things, that at a number of airports so many flights are scheduled that it is simply not possible for all of them to take off and land on time. The worst offender in 2000 was New York LaGuardia, with 15.6 percent of takeoffs or landings delayed, more than twice as many as the second-ranked airport, Chicago O'Hare. Predictably, opinion is divided on the root of the problem, with the airlines blaming an antiquated air traffic control system and too few runways and critics blaming the airlines for over-scheduling at peak travel times. The full text of the 195-page report may be downloaded in .pdf or Word format at the FAA site.

2001-01-01

204

Pynamic: the Python Dynamic Benchmark  

SciTech Connect

Python is widely used in scientific computing to facilitate application development and to support features such as computational steering. Making full use of some of Python's popular features, which improve programmer productivity, leads to applications that access extremely high numbers of dynamically linked libraries (DLLs). As a result, some important Python-based applications severely stress a system's dynamic linking and loading capabilities and also cause significant difficulties for most development environment tools, such as debuggers. Furthermore, using the Python paradigm for large scale MPI-based applications can create significant file IO and further stress tools and operating systems. In this paper, we present Pynamic, the first benchmark program to support configurable emulation of a wide-range of the DLL usage of Python-based applications for large scale systems. Pynamic has already accurately reproduced system software and tool issues encountered by important large Python-based scientific applications on our supercomputers. Pynamic provided insight for our system software and tool vendors, and our application developers, into the impact of several design decisions. As we describe the Pynamic benchmark, we will highlight some of the issues discovered in our large scale system software and tools using Pynamic.

Lee, G L; Ahn, D H; de Supinksi, B R; Gyllenhaal, J C; Miller, P J

2007-07-10

205

Mutual Fund Performance Evaluation: A Comparison of Benchmarks and Benchmark Comparisons  

Microsoft Academic Search

Our primary goal in this paper is to ascertain whether the absolute and relative rankings of managed funds are sensitive to the benchmark chosen to measure normal performance. We employ the standard CAPM benchmarks and a variety of APT benchmarks to investigate this question. We found that there is little similarity between the absolute and relative mutual fund rankings obtained

Bruce N. Lehmann; David M. Modest

1987-01-01

206

Beach Hopper Bonanza Grade Level: Second Grade  

E-print Network

Beach Hopper Bonanza Grade Level: Second Grade Developers: Jan Ward, Merry Lojkovic, Kara Davidson the characteristics, behavior, and anatomy of beach hoppers. !" Examine the relationships between the beach hopper (transparent) !" 1-2 buckets !" sieves !" shovel !" small plastic container with lid to hold beach hoppers

207

Benchmarking: A tool to enhance performance  

SciTech Connect

The Office of Environmental Management is bringing Headquarters and the Field together to implement process improvements throughout the Complex through a systematic process of organizational learning called benchmarking. Simply stated, benchmarking is a process of continuously comparing and measuring practices, processes, or methodologies with those of other private and public organizations. The EM benchmarking program, which began as the result of a recommendation from Xerox Corporation, is building trust and removing barriers to performance enhancement across the DOE organization. The EM benchmarking program is designed to be field-centered with Headquarters providing facilitatory and integrative functions on an ``as needed`` basis. One of the main goals of the program is to assist Field Offices and their associated M&O/M&I contractors develop the capabilities to do benchmarking for themselves. In this regard, a central precept is that in order to realize tangible performance benefits, program managers and staff -- the ones closest to the work - must take ownership of the studies. This avoids the ``check the box`` mentality associated with some third party studies. This workshop will provide participants with a basic level of understanding why the EM benchmarking team was developed and the nature and scope of its mission. Participants will also begin to understand the types of study levels and the particular methodology the EM benchmarking team is using to conduct studies. The EM benchmarking team will also encourage discussion on ways that DOE (both Headquarters and the Field) can team with its M&O/M&I contractors to conduct additional benchmarking studies. This ``introduction to benchmarking`` is intended to create a desire to know more and a greater appreciation of how benchmarking processes could be creatively employed to enhance performance.

Munro, J.F. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States); Kristal, J. [USDOE Assistant Secretary for Environmental Management, Washington, DC (United States); Thompson, G.; Johnson, T. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States)

1996-12-31

208

Benchmarking Database Systems A Systematic Approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes a customized database and a comprehensive set of queries that can be used for systematic benchmarking of relational database systems. Designing this database and a set of carefully tuned benchmarks represents a first attempt in developing a scientific methodology for performance evaluation of database management systems. We have used this database to perform a comparative evaluation of

Dina Bitton; David J. Dewitt; Carolyn Turbyfill

1983-01-01

209

Benchmarking Database Systems A Systematic Approach  

E-print Network

Benchmarking Database Systems A Systematic Approach Dina Bitton David J. DeWitt Carolyn Turbyfill-81ER10920. #12;ABSTRACT This paper describes a customized database and a comprehensive set of queries that can be used for sys- tematic benchmarking of relational database systems. Designing this database

Liblit, Ben

210

A Benchmark Diagnostic Model Generation System  

Microsoft Academic Search

It is critical to use automated generators for synthetic models and data given the sparsity of benchmark models for empirical analysis and the cost of generating models by hand. We describe an automated generator for benchmark models that is based on using a compositional modeling framework and employs graphical models for the system topology. We propose a three-step process for

Jun Wang; Gregory M. Provan

2010-01-01

211

The PRISM Benchmark Suite Marta Kwiatkowska  

E-print Network

The PRISM Benchmark Suite Marta Kwiatkowska Department of Computer Science, University of Oxford.a.parker@cs.bham.ac.uk Abstract--We present the PRISM benchmark suite: a col- lection of probabilistic models and property of which is the PRISM model checker [1]. Many models for use with PRISM are publicly available, either

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

212

Best practice benchmarking: a route to competitiveness?  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines the use of best practice benchmarking as an approach to performance improvement in the airline industry. The case study draws upon phenomenological evidence from the aircraft maintenance section of Britannia Airways. A range of benchmarking issues, which could be applied to different divisions of an airline are highlighted. In particular, inter disciplinary team building, employee involvement, relationships

Graham Francis; Matthew Hinton; Jacky Holloway; Ian Humphreys

1999-01-01

213

The ISPD98 circuit benchmark suite  

Microsoft Academic Search

From 1985-1993, the MCNC regularly introduced and maintained circuit benchmarks for use by the Design Automation community. However, during the last five years, no new circuits have been introduced that can be used for developing fundamental physical design applications, such as partitioning and placement. The largest circuit in the existing set of benchmark suites has over 100,000 modules, but the

Charles J. Alpert

1998-01-01

214

Benchmark Assessment for Improved Learning. AACC Report  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report describes the purposes of benchmark assessments and provides recommendations for selecting and using benchmark assessments--addressing validity, alignment, reliability, fairness and bias and accessibility, instructional sensitivity, utility, and reporting issues. We also present recommendations on building capacity to support schools'…

Herman, Joan L.; Osmundson, Ellen; Dietel, Ronald

2010-01-01

215

Sequential Circuit Test Generator (STG) benchmark results  

Microsoft Academic Search

The authors report on the results of running a version of the Sequential Circuit Test Generator (STG3) on the ISCAS-89 sequential circuit benchmarks. First, they present a brief history of STG and briefly describe the algorithms used. They then describe the conditions under which the experiments were run and give the benchmark results. No particular problems were encountered when running

W.-T. Cheng; S. Davidson

1989-01-01

216

A parallel java grande benchmark suite  

Microsoft Academic Search

Increasing interest is being shown in the use of Java for large scale or Grande applications. This new use of Java places specific demands on the Java execution environments that can be tested using the Java Grande benchmark suite [5], [6], [7]. The large processing requirements of Grande applications makes parallelisation of interest. A suite of parallel benchmarks has been

L. A. Smith; J. Mark Bull; J. Obdrzálek

2001-01-01

217

DPF: A Data Parallel Fortran Benchmark Suite  

Microsoft Academic Search

We present the Data Parallel Fortran (DPF) benchmark suite, a set of data parallel Fortran codes for evaluating data parallel compilers appropriate for any target parallel archi- tecture, with shared or distributed memory. The codes are provided in basic, optimized and several library versions. The functionality of the benchmarks cover collective commu- nication functions, scientific software library functions, and application

Y. Charlie Hu; S. Lennart Johnsson; Dimitris Kehagias; Nadia Shalaby

1997-01-01

218

DPF: A Data Parallel Fortran Benchmark Suite  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Data Parallel Fortran (DPF) benchmark suite is designed for evaluating data parallelcompilers and scalable architectures. Many of the DPF codes are provided in three versions:basic, optimized and with library calls for performance critical operations typically foundin software libraries. The functionality of the benchmarks cover collective communicationfunctions, scientific software library functions, and application kernels that reflect the computationalstructure and...

Nadia Shalaby; Dimitris Kehagias; S. Lennart Johnsson; Yu Hu

1995-01-01

219

Parallel benchmarks on the Transtech Paramid  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents the results of running the some benchmarks from the Genesis suite on the Transtech Paramid. The benchmarks use the PARMACS parallel processing standard, and are based on applications in the fields of general relativity, molecular dynamics and QCD. The Paramid is a distributed memory parallel computer, using up to 64 Intel i860-XP processors. The results demonstrate good

R. S. Stephens

1994-01-01

220

A Parallel Java Grande Benchmark Suite  

Microsoft Academic Search

Increasing interest is being shown in the use of Java for large scale or Grande applications. This new use of Java places speci.c demands on the Java execution environments that can be tested using the Java Grande benchmark suite [5], [6], [7]. The large processing requirements of Grande applications makes parallelisation of interest. A suite of parallel benchmarks has been

L. A. Smith; J. M. Bull; J. Obdrizalek

2001-01-01

221

DARPA February 1992 ATIS benchmark test results  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper documents the third in a series of Benchmark Tests for the DARPA Air Travel Information System (ATIS) common task domain. The first results in this series were reported at the June 1990 Speech and Natural Language Workshop [1], and the second at the February 1991 Speech and Natural Language Workshop [2]. The February 1992 Benchmark Tests include: (1)

David S. Pallett; Nancy L. Dahlgren; Jonathan G. Fiscus; William M. Fisher; John S. Garofolo; Brett C. Tjaden

1992-01-01

222

Beyond Benchmarking: Value-Adding Metrics  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

HR metrics has grown up a bit over the past two decades, moving away from simple benchmarking practices and toward a more inclusive approach to measuring institutional performance and progress. In this article, the acknowledged "father" of human capital performance benchmarking provides an overview of several aspects of today's HR metrics…

Fitz-enz, Jac

2007-01-01

223

The Rat's Life benchmark: competing cognitive robots  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes Rat's Life: a complete cognitive robotics benchmark that was carefully designed to be easily reproducible in a research lab with limited resources. It relies on two e-puck robots, some LEGO bricks and the Webots robot simulation software. This benchmark is a survival game where two robots compete against each other for resources in an unknown maze. Like

Olivier Michel; Fabien Rohrer

2008-01-01

224

Lower Grade Glioma  

Cancer.gov

Lower grade glioma is a type of cancer that develops in the glial cells of the brain. Glial cells support the brain’s nerve cells and keep them healthy. Tumors are classified into grades I, II, III or IV based on standards set by the World Health Organization. TCGA is including grades II and III in this specific study, as opposed to higher grade brain tumors such as glioblastoma multiforme, which were studied in a separate project.

225

29 CFR 1952.203 - Compliance staffing benchmarks.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-07-01 false Compliance staffing benchmarks. 1952.203 Section 1952.203... § 1952.203 Compliance staffing benchmarks. Under the terms of the 1978 Court...Marshall, compliance staffing levels (benchmarks) necessary for a “fully...

2014-07-01

226

29 CFR 1952.323 - Compliance staffing benchmarks.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-07-01 false Compliance staffing benchmarks. 1952.323 Section 1952.323... § 1952.323 Compliance staffing benchmarks. Under the terms of the 1978 Court...Marshall compliance staffing levels (benchmarks) necessary for a “fully...

2014-07-01

227

29 CFR 1952.93 - Compliance staffing benchmarks.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-07-01 false Compliance staffing benchmarks. 1952.93 Section 1952.93 ...§ 1952.93 Compliance staffing benchmarks. Under the terms of the 1978 Court...Marshall compliance staffing levels (benchmarks) necessary for a “fully...

2014-07-01

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29 CFR 1952.233 - Compliance staffing benchmarks.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-07-01 false Compliance staffing benchmarks. 1952.233 Section 1952.233... § 1952.233 Compliance staffing benchmarks. Under the terms of the 1978 Court...Marshall compliance staffing levels (benchmarks) necessary for a “fully...

2014-07-01

229

29 CFR 1952.153 - Compliance staffing benchmarks.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-07-01 false Compliance staffing benchmarks. 1952.153 Section 1952.153... § 1952.153 Compliance staffing benchmarks. Under the terms of the 1978 Court...Marshall, compliance staffing levels (“benchmarks”) necessary for a “fully...

2014-07-01

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29 CFR 1952.223 - Compliance staffing benchmarks.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-07-01 false Compliance staffing benchmarks. 1952.223 Section 1952.223... § 1952.223 Compliance staffing benchmarks. Under the terms of the 1978 Court...Marshall compliance staffing levels (benchmarks) necessary for a “fully...

2014-07-01

231

29 CFR 1952.363 - Compliance staffing benchmarks.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-07-01 false Compliance staffing benchmarks. 1952.363 Section 1952.363... § 1952.363 Compliance staffing benchmarks. Under the terms of the 1978 Court...Marshall, compliance staffing levels (“benchmarks”) necessary for a “fully...

2014-07-01

232

29 CFR 1952.343 - Compliance staffing benchmarks.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-07-01 false Compliance staffing benchmarks. 1952.343 Section 1952.343... § 1952.343 Compliance staffing benchmarks. Under the terms of the 1978 Court...Marshall, Compliance staffing levels (benchmarks) necessary for a “fully...

2014-07-01

233

29 CFR 1952.163 - Compliance staffing benchmarks.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-07-01 false Compliance staffing benchmarks. 1952.163 Section 1952.163... § 1952.163 Compliance staffing benchmarks. Under the terms of the 1978 Court...Marshall, compliance staffing levels (benchmarks) necessary for a “fully...

2014-07-01

234

45 CFR 156.100 - State selection of benchmark.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-10-01 false State selection of benchmark. 156.100 Section 156.100 Public...Package § 156.100 State selection of benchmark. Each State may identify a single EHB-benchmark plan according to the selection...

2014-10-01

235

29 CFR 1952.293 - Compliance staffing benchmarks.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-07-01 false Compliance staffing benchmarks. 1952.293 Section 1952.293... § 1952.293 Compliance staffing benchmarks. Under the terms of the 1978 Court...Marshall compliance staffing levels (benchmarks) necessary for a “fully...

2014-07-01

236

29 CFR 1952.353 - Compliance staffing benchmarks.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-07-01 false Compliance staffing benchmarks. 1952.353 Section 1952.353... § 1952.353 Compliance staffing benchmarks. Under the terms of the 1978 Court...Marshall, compliance staffing levels (benchmarks) necessary for a “fully...

2014-07-01

237

42 CFR 422.258 - Calculation of benchmarks.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 false Calculation of benchmarks. 422.258 Section 422.258...Approval § 422.258 Calculation of benchmarks. (a) The term “MA area-specific non-drug monthly benchmark amount” means, for a month in...

2010-10-01

238

Characterizing Microprocessor Benchmarks Towards Understanding the Workload Design Space  

E-print Network

#12;Characterizing Microprocessor Benchmarks Towards Understanding the Workload Design Space The University of Texas at Austin December 2003 #12;Characterizing Microprocessor Benchmarks Towards #12;Characterizing Microprocessor Benchmarks Towards Understanding the Workload Design Space

John, Lizy Kurian

239

SP2Bench: A SPARQL Performance Benchmark  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A meaningful analysis and comparison of both existing storage schemes for RDF data and evaluation approaches for SPARQL queries necessitates a comprehensive and universal benchmark platform. We present SP2Bench, a publicly available, language-specific performance benchmark for the SPARQL query language. SP2Bench is settled in the DBLP scenario and comprises a data generator for creating arbitrarily large DBLP-like documents and a set of carefully designed benchmark queries. The generated documents mirror vital key characteristics and social-world distributions encountered in the original DBLP data set, while the queries implement meaningful requests on top of this data, covering a variety of SPARQL operator constellations and RDF access patterns. In this chapter, we discuss requirements and desiderata for SPARQL benchmarks and present the SP2Bench framework, including its data generator, benchmark queries and performance metrics.

Schmidt, Michael; Hornung, Thomas; Meier, Michael; Pinkel, Christoph; Lausen, Georg

240

course schedule grading scheme  

E-print Network

news search image and video search (micro-)blog search product search, federated search social searchwhat is IR course schedule grading scheme 60-538: Information Retrieval September 4, 2014 1 / 48 #12;what is IR course schedule grading scheme Outline 1 what is IR 2 course schedule 3 grading scheme

Lu, Jianguo

241

My Math Grade (percents)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Students work to calculate their own grades in the class. Students will want to keep all of their returned work so that they have access to the grades they received on tests, homework, etc (a study skill they should likely develop anyway), or if grades are on blackboard they can quickly retrieve their scores.

2010-01-01

242

NASA Software Engineering Benchmarking Study  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

To identify best practices for the improvement of software engineering on projects, NASA's Offices of Chief Engineer (OCE) and Safety and Mission Assurance (OSMA) formed a team led by Heather Rarick and Sally Godfrey to conduct this benchmarking study. The primary goals of the study are to identify best practices that: Improve the management and technical development of software intensive systems; Have a track record of successful deployment by aerospace industries, universities [including research and development (R&D) laboratories], and defense services, as well as NASA's own component Centers; and Identify candidate solutions for NASA's software issues. Beginning in the late fall of 2010, focus topics were chosen and interview questions were developed, based on the NASA top software challenges. Between February 2011 and November 2011, the Benchmark Team interviewed a total of 18 organizations, consisting of five NASA Centers, five industry organizations, four defense services organizations, and four university or university R and D laboratory organizations. A software assurance representative also participated in each of the interviews to focus on assurance and software safety best practices. Interviewees provided a wealth of information on each topic area that included: software policy, software acquisition, software assurance, testing, training, maintaining rigor in small projects, metrics, and use of the Capability Maturity Model Integration (CMMI) framework, as well as a number of special topics that came up in the discussions. NASA's software engineering practices compared favorably with the external organizations in most benchmark areas, but in every topic, there were ways in which NASA could improve its practices. Compared to defense services organizations and some of the industry organizations, one of NASA's notable weaknesses involved communication with contractors regarding its policies and requirements for acquired software. One of NASA's strengths was its software assurance practices, which seemed to rate well in comparison to the other organizational groups and also seemed to include a larger scope of activities. An unexpected benefit of the software benchmarking study was the identification of many opportunities for collaboration in areas including metrics, training, sharing of CMMI experiences and resources such as instructors and CMMI Lead Appraisers, and even sharing of assets such as documented processes. A further unexpected benefit of the study was the feedback on NASA practices that was received from some of the organizations interviewed. From that feedback, other potential areas where NASA could improve were highlighted, such as accuracy of software cost estimation and budgetary practices. The detailed report contains discussion of the practices noted in each of the topic areas, as well as a summary of observations and recommendations from each of the topic areas. The resulting 24 recommendations from the topic areas were then consolidated to eliminate duplication and culled into a set of 14 suggested actionable recommendations. This final set of actionable recommendations, listed below, are items that can be implemented to improve NASA's software engineering practices and to help address many of the items that were listed in the NASA top software engineering issues. 1. Develop and implement standard contract language for software procurements. 2. Advance accurate and trusted software cost estimates for both procured and in-house software and improve the capture of actual cost data to facilitate further improvements. 3. Establish a consistent set of objectives and expectations, specifically types of metrics at the Agency level, so key trends and models can be identified and used to continuously improve software processes and each software development effort. 4. Maintain the CMMI Maturity Level requirement for critical NASA projects and use CMMI to measure organizations developing software for NASA. 5.onsolidate, collect and, if needed, develop common processes principles and other assets across t

Rarick, Heather L.; Godfrey, Sara H.; Kelly, John C.; Crumbley, Robert T.; Wifl, Joel M.

2013-01-01

243

Benchmarking ICRF simulations for ITER  

SciTech Connect

Abstract Benchmarking of full-wave solvers for ICRF simulations is performed using plasma profiles and equilibria obtained from integrated self-consistent modeling predictions of four ITER plasmas. One is for a high performance baseline (5.3 T, 15 MA) DT H-mode plasma. The others are for half-field, half-current plasmas of interest for the pre-activation phase with bulk plasma ion species being either hydrogen or He4. The predicted profiles are used by seven groups to predict the ICRF electromagnetic fields and heating profiles. Approximate agreement is achieved for the predicted heating power partitions for the DT and He4 cases. Profiles of the heating powers and electromagnetic fields are compared.

R. V. Budny, L. Berry, R. Bilato, P. Bonoli, M. Brambilla, R.J. Dumont, A. Fukuyama, R. Harvey, E.F. Jaeger, E. Lerche, C.K. Phillips, V. Vdovin, J. Wright, and members of the ITPA-IOS

2010-09-28

244

A New Way of Testing Large Thin Membrane, Optical Modal Testing of the 1/10th Scale Model of the NASA NAGT Sunshield  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Next Generation Space Telescope design includes a deployed sunshield to thermally insulate the telescope, keeping vital detector temperatures below 60 degrees Kelvin. The sunshield consists of four struts supporting four thin film membranes. Since it would be very difficult to test the full-scale sunshield on the ground due to its size and the 1-g environment, it is important to have accurate analytical models of the sunshield to analyze its affect on the observatory. A 1/10th-scale model of the sunshield has been manufactured in order to test the analytical modeling techniques used to predict the dynamic behavior of such large, lightweight structures. A modal survey test of the scale model has been performed in a vacuum environment, using a laser vibrometer to measure the mode shapes of the membranes. The presentation describes the setup and test procedures related to these tests and presents some of the experimental results obtained and the lessons learned.

Ross, Brian

1999-01-01

245

Perceptions of High Achieving African American/Black 10th Graders from a Low Socioeconomic Community Regarding Health Scientists and Desired Careers  

PubMed Central

Measures are needed to assess youth perceptions about health science careers to facilitate research aimed at facilitating youth pursuit of health science. Although the Indiana Instrument provides an established measure of perceptions regarding nursing and ideal careers, we were interested in learning how high achieving 10th graders from relatively low socioeconomic areas who identify as Black/African American (Black) perceive health science and ideal careers. The Indiana Instrument was modified, administered to 90 youth of interest, and psychometrically analyzed. Reliable subscales were identified that may facilitate parsimonious, theoretical, and reliable study of youth decision-making regarding health science careers. Such research may help to develop and evaluate strategies for increasing the number of minority health scientists. PMID:25194058

Boekeloo, Bradley; Randolph, Suzanne; Timmons-Brown, Stephanie; Wang, Min Qi

2014-01-01

246

Pollution prevention opportunity assessment benchmarking: Recommendations for Hanford  

SciTech Connect

Pollution Prevention Opportunity Assessments (P2OAs) are an important first step in any pollution prevention program. While P2OAs have been and are being conducted at Hanford, there exists no standard guidance, training, tracking, or systematic approach to identifying and addressing the most important waste streams. The purpose of this paper then is to serve as a guide to the Pollution Prevention group at Westinghouse Hanford in developing and implementing P2OAs at Hanford. By searching the literature and benchmarks other sites and agencies, the best elements from those programs can be incorporated and pitfalls more easily avoided. This search began with the 1988 document that introduces P2OAs (then called Process Waste Assessments, PWAS) by the Environmental Protection Agency. This important document presented the basic framework of P20A features which appeared in almost all later programs. Major Department of Energy programs were also examined, with particular attention to the Defense Programs P20A method of a graded approach, as presented at the Kansas City Plant. The graded approach is a system of conducting P2OAs of varying levels of detail depending on the size and importance of the waste stream. Finally, private industry programs were examined briefly. While all the benchmarked programs had excellent features, it was determined that the size and mission of Hanford precluded lifting any one program for use. Thus, a series of recommendations were made, based on the literature review, in order to begin an extensive program of P2OAs at Hanford. These recommendations are in the areas of: facility Pollution Prevention teams, P20A scope and methodology, guidance documents, training for facilities (and management), technical and informational support, tracking and measuring success, and incentives.

Engel, J.A.

1994-05-01

247

The Relationship of Error Rate and Comprehension in Second and Third Grade Oral Reading Fluency  

PubMed Central

This study explored the relationships of oral reading speed and error rate on comprehension with second and third grade students with identified reading risk. The study included 920 2nd graders and 974 3rd graders. Participants were assessed using Dynamic Indicators of Basic Early Literacy Skills (DIBELS) and the Woodcock Reading Mastery Test (WRMT) Passage Comprehension subtest. Results from this study further illuminate the significant relationships between error rate, oral reading fluency, and reading comprehension performance, and grade-specific guidelines for appropriate error rate levels. Low oral reading fluency and high error rates predict the level of passage comprehension performance. For second grade students below benchmark, a fall assessment error rate of 28% predicts that student comprehension performance will be below average. For third grade students below benchmark, the fall assessment cut point is 14%. Instructional implications of the findings are discussed. PMID:24319307

Abbott, Mary; Wills, Howard; Miller, Angela; Kaufman, Journ

2013-01-01

248

ICSBEP Benchmarks For Nuclear Data Applications  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The International Criticality Safety Benchmark Evaluation Project (ICSBEP) was initiated in 1992 by the United States Department of Energy. The ICSBEP became an official activity of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) — Nuclear Energy Agency (NEA) in 1995. Representatives from the United States, United Kingdom, France, Japan, the Russian Federation, Hungary, Republic of Korea, Slovenia, Serbia and Montenegro (formerly Yugoslavia), Kazakhstan, Spain, Israel, Brazil, Poland, and the Czech Republic are now participating. South Africa, India, China, and Germany are considering participation. The purpose of the ICSBEP is to identify, evaluate, verify, and formally document a comprehensive and internationally peer-reviewed set of criticality safety benchmark data. The work of the ICSBEP is published as an OECD handbook entitled "International Handbook of Evaluated Criticality Safety Benchmark Experiments." The 2004 Edition of the Handbook contains benchmark specifications for 3331 critical or subcritical configurations that are intended for use in validation efforts and for testing basic nuclear data. New to the 2004 Edition of the Handbook is a draft criticality alarm / shielding type benchmark that should be finalized in 2005 along with two other similar benchmarks. The Handbook is being used extensively for nuclear data testing and is expected to be a valuable resource for code and data validation and improvement efforts for decades to come. Specific benchmarks that are useful for testing structural materials such as iron, chromium, nickel, and manganese; beryllium; lead; thorium; and 238U are highlighted.

Briggs, J. Blair

2005-05-01

249

Developing integrated benchmarks for DOE performance measurement  

SciTech Connect

The objectives of this task were to describe and evaluate selected existing sources of information on occupational safety and health with emphasis on hazard and exposure assessment, abatement, training, reporting, and control identifying for exposure and outcome in preparation for developing DOE performance benchmarks. Existing resources and methodologies were assessed for their potential use as practical performance benchmarks. Strengths and limitations of current data resources were identified. Guidelines were outlined for developing new or improved performance factors, which then could become the basis for selecting performance benchmarks. Data bases for non-DOE comparison populations were identified so that DOE performance could be assessed relative to non-DOE occupational and industrial groups. Systems approaches were described which can be used to link hazards and exposure, event occurrence, and adverse outcome factors, as needed to generate valid, reliable, and predictive performance benchmarks. Data bases were identified which contain information relevant to one or more performance assessment categories . A list of 72 potential performance benchmarks was prepared to illustrate the kinds of information that can be produced through a benchmark development program. Current information resources which may be used to develop potential performance benchmarks are limited. There is need to develop an occupational safety and health information and data system in DOE, which is capable of incorporating demonstrated and documented performance benchmarks prior to, or concurrent with the development of hardware and software. A key to the success of this systems approach is rigorous development and demonstration of performance benchmark equivalents to users of such data before system hardware and software commitments are institutionalized.

Barancik, J.I.; Kramer, C.F.; Thode, Jr. H.C.

1992-09-30

250

A Simple Alternative to Grading  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the author investigates whether an alternative grading system (contract grading) would yield the same final grades as traditional grading (letter grading), and whether or not it would be accepted by students. The author states that this study demonstrated that contract grading was widely, and for the most part, enthusiastically…

Potts, Glenda

2010-01-01

251

Modeling the 2008 Ultrasonic Benchmark Problems  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Two studies were part of the 2008 QNDE ultrasonic benchmark session. The first study considered the effects of the curvature of a fluid-solid interface on the pulse-echo immersion response of a flat-bottom hole. This was a re-examination of a problem considered in the 2007 benchmark but with a well-characterized transducer and a different set of testing conditions. The second study considered the response of a series of side-drilled holes at different depths. Here we will summarize the results obtained at the Center for NDE (CNDE), Iowa State University, for these two benchmark problems.

Schmerr, Lester W.; Huang, Ruiju

2009-03-01

252

7 CFR 810.1404 - Grades and grade requirements for sorghum.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...false Grades and grade requirements for sorghum. 810.1404 Section 810.1404 ...FOR GRAIN United States Standards for Sorghum Grades and Grade Requirements § 810.1404 Grades and grade requirements for sorghum. Grading factors Grades U.S....

2012-01-01

253

7 CFR 810.1404 - Grades and grade requirements for sorghum.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...false Grades and grade requirements for sorghum. 810.1404 Section 810.1404 ...FOR GRAIN United States Standards for Sorghum Grades and Grade Requirements § 810.1404 Grades and grade requirements for sorghum. Grading factors Grades U.S....

2014-01-01

254

7 CFR 810.1404 - Grades and grade requirements for sorghum.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...false Grades and grade requirements for sorghum. 810.1404 Section 810.1404 ...FOR GRAIN United States Standards for Sorghum Grades and Grade Requirements § 810.1404 Grades and grade requirements for sorghum. Grading factors Grades U.S....

2011-01-01

255

7 CFR 810.1404 - Grades and grade requirements for sorghum.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...false Grades and grade requirements for sorghum. 810.1404 Section 810.1404 ...FOR GRAIN United States Standards for Sorghum Grades and Grade Requirements § 810.1404 Grades and grade requirements for sorghum. Grading factors Grades U.S....

2013-01-01

256

7 CFR 810.1404 - Grades and grade requirements for sorghum.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...false Grades and grade requirements for sorghum. 810.1404 Section 810.1404 ...FOR GRAIN United States Standards for Sorghum >grades and Grade Requirements § 810.1404 Grades and grade requirements for sorghum. Grading factors Grades U.S....

2010-01-01

257

Metrics and Benchmarks for Visualization  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

What is a "good" visualization? How can the quality of a visualization be measured? How can one tell whether one visualization is "better" than another? I claim that the true quality of a visualization can only be measured in the context of a particular purpose. The same image generated from the same data may be excellent for one purpose and abysmal for another. A good measure of visualization quality will correspond to the performance of users in accomplishing the intended purpose, so the "gold standard" is user testing. As a user of visualization software (or at least a consultant to such users) I don't expect visualization software to have been tested in this way for every possible use. In fact, scientific visualization (as distinct from more "production oriented" uses of visualization) will continually encounter new data, new questions and new purposes; user testing can never keep up. User need software they can trust, and advice on appropriate visualizations of particular purposes. Considering the following four processes, and their impact on visualization trustworthiness, reveals important work needed to create worthwhile metrics and benchmarks for visualization. These four processes are (1) complete system testing (user-in-loop), (2) software testing, (3) software design and (4) information dissemination. Additional information is contained in the original extended abstract.

Uselton, Samuel P.; Lasinski, T. A. (Technical Monitor)

1995-01-01

258

XBX: eXternal Benchmarking eXtension for the SUPERCOP Crypto Benchmarking Framework  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a SUPERCOP [1] is a benchmarking framework for cryptographic algorithms like ciphers and hash functions. It automatically benchmarks\\u000a algorithms across several implementations, compilers, compiler options and input data lengths. Since it is freely available\\u000a for download the results are easily reproducible and benchmark results for virtually every computer that is capable of running\\u000a SUPERCOP are available. However, since SUPERCOP is a

Christian Wenzel-Benner; Jens Gräf

2010-01-01

259

The FLUKA Code: Description And Benchmarking  

SciTech Connect

The physics model implemented inside the FLUKA code are briefly described, with emphasis on hadronic interactions. Examples of the capabilities of the code are presented including basic (thin target) and complex benchmarks.

Battistoni, Giuseppe; Muraro, S.; Sala, Paola R.; /INFN, Milan; Cerutti, Fabio; Ferrari, A.; Roesler, Stefan; /CERN; Fasso, A.; /SLAC; Ranft, J.; /Siegen U.

2007-09-18

260

The FLUKA code: description and benchmarking  

SciTech Connect

The physics model implemented inside the FLUKA code are briefly described, with emphasis on hadronic interactions. Examples of the capabilities of the code are presented including basic (thin target) and complex benchmarks.

Battistoni, G.; Muraro, S.; Sala, P. R. [INFN sezione di Milano, via Celoria 16, I-20133 Milan (Italy); Cerutti, F.; Ferrari, A.; Roesler, S. [CERN, CH-1211 GENEVE 23 (Switzerland); Fasso, A. [SLAC, Stanford (United States); Ranft, J. [Siegen University (Germany)

2007-03-19

261

NAS Grid Benchmarks. 1.0  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

We provide a paper-and-pencil specification of a benchmark suite for computational grids. It is based on the NAS (NASA Advanced Supercomputing) Parallel Benchmarks (NPB) and is called the NAS Grid Benchmarks (NGB). NGB problems are presented as data flow graphs encapsulating an instance of a slightly modified NPB task in each graph node, which communicates with other nodes by sending/receiving initialization data. Like NPB, NGB specifies several different classes (problem sizes). In this report we describe classes S, W, and A, and provide verification values for each. The implementor has the freedom to choose any language, grid environment, security model, fault tolerance/error correction mechanism, etc., as long as the resulting implementation passes the verification test and reports the turnaround time of the benchmark.

VanderWijngaart, Rob; Frumkin, Michael; Biegel, Bryan A. (Technical Monitor)

2002-01-01

262

Benchmarking Sustainability: the use of Indicators  

E-print Network

Benchmarking Sustainability: the use of Indicators Introduction The concept of sustainable development is both very popular and elusive. The overwhelming appeal of sustainability is situated to build a generally shared perception of sustainable development (Butler, 1998). For many people

Zaferatos, Nicholas C.

263

Toward Scalable Benchmarks for Mass Storage Systems  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This paper presents guidelines for the design of a mass storage system benchmark suite, along with preliminary suggestions for programs to be included. The benchmarks will measure both peak and sustained performance of the system as well as predicting both short- and long-term behavior. These benchmarks should be both portable and scalable so they may be used on storage systems from tens of gigabytes to petabytes or more. By developing a standard set of benchmarks that reflect real user workload, we hope to encourage system designers and users to publish performance figures that can be compared with those of other systems. This will allow users to choose the system that best meets their needs and give designers a tool with which they can measure the performance effects of improvements to their systems.

Miller, Ethan L.

1996-01-01

264

Benchmarking ENDF/B-VII.0  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The new major release VII.0 of the ENDF/B nuclear data library has been tested extensively using benchmark calculations. These were based upon MCNP-4C3 continuous-energy Monte Carlo neutronics simulations, together with nuclear data processed using the code NJOY. Three types of benchmarks were used, viz., criticality safety benchmarks, (fusion) shielding benchmarks, and reference systems for which the effective delayed neutron fraction is reported. For criticality safety, more than 700 benchmarks from the International Handbook of Criticality Safety Benchmark Experiments were used. Benchmarks from all categories were used, ranging from low-enriched uranium, compound fuel, thermal spectrum ones (LEU-COMP-THERM), to mixed uranium-plutonium, metallic fuel, fast spectrum ones (MIX-MET-FAST). For fusion shielding many benchmarks were based on IAEA specifications for the Oktavian experiments (for Al, Co, Cr, Cu, LiF, Mn, Mo, Si, Ti, W, Zr), Fusion Neutronics Source in Japan (for Be, C, N, O, Fe, Pb), and Pulsed Sphere experiments at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (for 6Li, 7Li, Be, C, N, O, Mg, Al, Ti, Fe, Pb, D 2O, H 2O, concrete, polyethylene and teflon). For testing delayed neutron data more than thirty measurements in widely varying systems were used. Among these were measurements in the Tank Critical Assembly (TCA in Japan) and IPEN/MB-01 (Brazil), both with a thermal spectrum, and two cores in Masurca (France) and three cores in the Fast Critical Assembly (FCA, Japan), all with fast spectra. In criticality safety, many benchmarks were chosen from the category with a thermal spectrum, low-enriched uranium, compound fuel (LEU-COMP-THERM), because this is typical of most current-day reactors, and because these benchmarks were previously underpredicted by as much as 0.5% by most nuclear data libraries (such as ENDF/B-VI.8, JEFF-3.0). The calculated results presented here show that this underprediction is no longer there for ENDF/B-VII.0. The average over 257 benchmarks deviates only 0.017% from the measured benchmark value. Moreover, no clear trends (with e.g. enrichment, lattice pitch, or spectrum) have been observed. Also for fast spectrum benchmarks, both for intermediately or highly enriched uranium and for plutonium, clear improvements are apparent from the calculations. The results for bare assemblies have improved, as well as those with a depleted or natural uranium reflector. On the other hand, the results for plutonium solutions (PU-SOL-THERM) are still high, on average (over 120 benchmarks) roughly 0.6%. Furthermore there still is a bias for a range of benchmarks based on cores in the Zero Power Reactor (ANL) with sizable amounts of tungsten in them. The results for the fusion shielding benchmarks have not changed significantly, compared to ENDF/B-VI.8, for most materials. The delayed neutron testing shows that the values for both thermal and fast spectrum cases are now well predicted, which is an improvement when compared with ENDF/B-VI.8.

van der Marck, Steven C.

2006-12-01

265

Simple Benchmark Specifications for Space Radiation Protection  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This report defines space radiation benchmark specifications. This specification starts with simple, monoenergetic, mono-directional particles on slabs and progresses to human models in spacecraft. This report specifies the models and sources needed to what the team performing the benchmark needs to produce in a report. Also included are brief descriptions of how OLTARIS, the NASA Langley website for space radiation analysis, performs its analysis.

Singleterry, Robert C. Jr.; Aghara, Sukesh K.

2013-01-01

266

Postmark: a new file system benchmark  

Microsoft Academic Search

Existing file system benchmarks are deficient in portraying performance in the ephemeral small-file regime used by Internet software, especially: electronicmail; netnews; and web-based commerce. PostMark is a new benchmark to measure performance for this class of application.In this paper, PostMark test results are presented and analyzed for both UNIX and Windows NT application servers. Network Appliance Filers (file server appliances)

J. Katcher

1997-01-01

267

1Dimensional Parallel FFT Benchmark on SUPRENUM  

Microsoft Academic Search

. A distributed memory vectorised 1-dimensional FFT benchmarkis first presented. The performance results of this benchmark on SUPRENUMare given and discussed. A performance analysis of the distributed memoryFFT benchmark is performed and Hockney's performance parameters (r1and n 1=2 ) are then employed to derive the performance formula. This formulais shown to fit the experimental results very well. A generalization of

Vladimir Getov

1992-01-01

268

The NAS Parallel Benchmarks in Titanium  

Microsoft Academic Search

Titanium is an explicitly parallel dialect of JavaTM designed for high-performance scientific programming. It offers object-orientation, strong typing, and safe memory management in the context of a language that supports high performance and scal- able parallelism. We present an overview of the language features and demonstrate their use in the context of the NAS Parallel Benchmarks, a benchmark suite of

Kaushik Datta

2006-01-01

269

Implementation of NAS Parallel Benchmarks in Java  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A number of features make Java an attractive but a debatable choice for High Performance Computing (HPC). In order to gauge the applicability of Java to the Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) we have implemented NAS Parallel Benchmarks in Java. The performance and scalability of the benchmarks point out the areas where improvement in Java compiler technology and in Java thread implementation would move Java closer to Fortran in the competition for CFD applications.

Frumkin, Michael; Schultz, Matthew; Jin, Hao-Qiang; Yan, Jerry

2000-01-01

270

A framework for benchmarking land models  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Land models, which have been developed by the modeling community in the past few decades to predict future states of ecosystems and climate, have to be critically evaluated for their performance skills of simulating ecosystem responses and feedback to climate change. Benchmarking is an emerging procedure to measure performance of models against a set of defined standards. This paper proposes a benchmarking framework for evaluation of land model performances and, meanwhile, highlights major challenges at this infant stage of benchmark analysis. The framework includes (1) targeted aspects of model performance to be evaluated, (2) a set of benchmarks as defined references to test model performance, (3) metrics to measure and compare performance skills among models so as to identify model strengths and deficiencies, and (4) model improvement. Land models are required to simulate exchange of water, energy, carbon and sometimes other trace gases between the atmosphere and land surface, and should be evaluated for their simulations of biophysical processes, biogeochemical cycles, and vegetation dynamics in response to climate change across broad temporal and spatial scales. Thus, one major challenge is to select and define a limited number of benchmarks to effectively evaluate land model performance. The second challenge is to develop metrics of measuring mismatches between models and benchmarks. The metrics may include (1) a priori thresholds of acceptable model performance and (2) a scoring system to combine data-model mismatches for various processes at different temporal and spatial scales. The benchmark analyses should identify clues of weak model performance to guide future development, thus enabling improved predictions of future states of ecosystems and climate. The near-future research effort should be on development of a set of widely acceptable benchmarks that can be used to objectively, effectively, and reliably evaluate fundamental properties of land models to improve their prediction performance skills.

Luo, Y. Q.; Randerson, J. T.; Abramowitz, G.; Bacour, C.; Blyth, E.; Carvalhais, N.; Ciais, P.; Dalmonech, D.; Fisher, J. B.; Fisher, R.; Friedlingstein, P.; Hibbard, K.; Hoffman, F.; Huntzinger, D.; Jones, C. D.; Koven, C.; Lawrence, D.; Li, D. J.; Mahecha, M.; Niu, S. L.; Norby, R.; Piao, S. L.; Qi, X.; Peylin, P.; Prentice, I. C.; Riley, W.; Reichstein, M.; Schwalm, C.; Wang, Y. P.; Xia, J. Y.; Zaehle, S.; Zhou, X. H.

2012-10-01

271

A framework for benchmarking land models  

SciTech Connect

Land models, which have been developed by the modeling community in the past few decades to predict future states of ecosystems and climate, have to be critically evaluated for their performance skills of simulating ecosystem responses and feedback to climate change. Benchmarking is an emerging procedure to measure performance of models against a set of defined standards. This paper proposes a benchmarking framework for evaluation of land model performances and, meanwhile, highlights major challenges at this infant stage of benchmark analysis. The framework includes (1) targeted aspects of model performance to be evaluated, (2) a set of benchmarks as defined references to test model performance, (3) metrics to measure and compare performance skills among models so as to identify model strengths and deficiencies, and (4) model improvement. Land models are required to simulate exchange of water, energy, carbon and sometimes other trace gases between the atmosphere and land surface, and should be evaluated for their simulations of biophysical processes, biogeochemical cycles, and vegetation dynamics in response to climate change across broad temporal and spatial scales. Thus, one major challenge is to select and define a limited number of benchmarks to effectively evaluate land model performance. The second challenge is to develop metrics of measuring mismatches between models and benchmarks. The metrics may include (1) a priori thresholds of acceptable model performance and (2) a scoring system to combine data–model mismatches for various processes at different temporal and spatial scales. The benchmark analyses should identify clues of weak model performance to guide future development, thus enabling improved predictions of future states of ecosystems and climate. The near-future research effort should be on development of a set of widely acceptable benchmarks that can be used to objectively, effectively, and reliably evaluate fundamental properties of land models to improve their prediction performance skills.

Luo, Yiqi; Randerson, J.; Abramowitz, G.; Bacour, C.; Blyth, E.; Carvalhais, N.; Ciais, Philippe; Dalmonech, D.; Fisher, J.B.; Fisher, R.; Friedlingstein, P.; Hibbard, Kathleen A.; Hoffman, F. M.; Huntzinger, Deborah; Jones, C.; Koven, C.; Lawrence, David M.; Li, D.J.; Mahecha, M.; Niu, S.L.; Norby, Richard J.; Piao, S.L.; Qi, X.; Peylin, P.; Prentice, I.C.; Riley, William; Reichstein, M.; Schwalm, C.; Wang, Y.; Xia, J. Y.; Zaehle, S.; Zhou, X. H.

2012-10-09

272

Combinational profiles of sequential benchmark circuits  

Microsoft Academic Search

A set of 31 digital sequential circuits described at the gate level is presented. These circuits extend the size and complexity of the ISCAS'85 set of combinational circuits and can serve as benchmarks for researchers interested in sequential test generation, scan-based test generation, and mixed sequential\\/scan-based test generation using partial scan techniques. Although all the benchmark circuits are sequential, synchronous,

Franc Brglez; David Bryan; K. Kozminski

1989-01-01

273

Rat's Life: A Cognitive Robotics Benchmark  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes Rat’s Life: a complete cognitive robotics benchmark that was carefully designed to be easily reproducible\\u000a in a research lab with limited resources. It relies on two e-puck robots, some LEGO bricks and the Webots robot simulation\\u000a software. This benchmark is a survival game where two robots compete against each other for resources in an unknown maze.\\u000a Like

Olivier Michel; Fabien Rohrer; Yvan Bourquin

2008-01-01

274

ITER RWM benchmarking VALEN modeling results  

E-print Network

[m] out Zvv[m] Zsep(m) coils Z[m] sensor Z[m] Z[m] R [m] ITER.RWM.comparison Benchmarking model continuous, walls, control coils, blanket modules, & Bp sensors Z[m] R[m] ITER.RWM.comparison #12;10-1 100 101 102;-6 -4 -2 0 2 4 6 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 ITER RWM benchmarking plasma, walls, control coils, & Bp sensor in Zvv

275

CommBench-a telecommunications benchmark for network processors  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper presents a benchmark, CommBench, for use in evaluating and designing telecommunications network processors. The benchmark applications focus on small, computationally intense program kernels typical of the network processor environment. The benchmark is composed of eight programs, four of them oriented towards packet header processing and four oriented towards data stream processing. The benchmark is defined and characteristics such

Tilman Wolf; Mark Franklin

2000-01-01

276

A Set of Benchmarks fo Modular Testing of SOCs  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract: This paper presents the ITC'02 SOC Test Benchmarks. The purpose of this new benchmark set is to stimulate research into newmethods and tools for modular testing of SOCs and to enable the objective comparison of such methods and tools with respect toeffectiveness and efficiency. The paper defines the benchmark format and naming scheme, and presents the benchmark SOCs. Inaddition,

Erik Jan Marinissen; Vikram Iyengar; Krishnendu Chakrabarty

2002-01-01

277

TITLE: The NAS Parallel Benchmarks AUTHOR: David H Bailey1  

E-print Network

TITLE: The NAS Parallel Benchmarks AUTHOR: David H Bailey1 ACRONYMS: NAS, NPB DEFINITION: The NAS Parallel Benchmarks (NPB) are a suite of parallel computer per- formance benchmarks. They were originally. Venkatakrishnan and Sisira Weeratunga. DISCUSSION: The original NAS Parallel Benchmarks consisted of eight

Bailey, David H.

278

Towards a Benchmark for Model Checkers of Asynchronous Concurrent Systems  

E-print Network

parallel model checkers. Pel´anek [38] also recog- nises the need for benchmarking and suggestsTowards a Benchmark for Model Checkers of Asynchronous Concurrent Systems Diyaa­Addein Atiya, N,catano,luettgen}@cs.york.ac.uk Abstract. Benchmarks, such as the established ISCAS benchmarks of digital circuits, have been successfully

Lüttgen, Gerald

279

Architectural Requirements and Scalability of the NAS Parallel Benchmarks  

E-print Network

Architectural Requirements and Scalability of the NAS Parallel Benchmarks Abstract We present a study of the architectural requirements and scalability of the NAS Parallel Benchmarks. We find of the benchmarks because of their all­to­all communication patterns. 1 Introduction The NAS Parallel Benchmarks

Culler, David E.

280

Performance characteristics of the multi-zone NAS parallel benchmarks  

Microsoft Academic Search

We describe a new suite of computational benchmarks that models applications featuring multiple levels of parallelism. Such parallelism is often available in realistic flow computations on systems of meshes, but had not previously been captured in benchmarks. The new suite, named NPB (NAS parallel benchmarks) multi-zone, is derived from the NPB suite, and involves solving the application benchmarks LU, BT

Haoqiang Jin; Rob F. Van Der Wijngaart

2006-01-01

281

A BENCHMARK FOR SEMANTIC IMAGE SEGMENTATION , Jianfei Cai1  

E-print Network

A BENCHMARK FOR SEMANTIC IMAGE SEGMENTATION Hui Li1 , Jianfei Cai1 , Thi Nhat Anh Nguyen2 , Jianmin ABSTRACT Though quite a few image segmentation benchmark datasets have been constructed, there is no suitable benchmark for semantic image segmentation. In this paper, we construct a benchmark

Cai, Jianfei

282

Machine characterization and benchmark performance prediction  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

From runs of standard benchmarks or benchmark suites, it is not possible to characterize the machine nor to predict the run time of other benchmarks which have not been run. A new approach to benchmarking and machine characterization is reported. The creation and use of a machine analyzer is described, which measures the performance of a given machine on FORTRAN source language constructs. The machine analyzer yields a set of parameters which characterize the machine and spotlight its strong and weak points. Also described is a program analyzer, which analyzes FORTRAN programs and determines the frequency of execution of each of the same set of source language operations. It is then shown that by combining a machine characterization and a program characterization, we are able to predict with good accuracy the run time of a given benchmark on a given machine. Characterizations are provided for the Cray-X-MP/48, Cyber 205, IBM 3090/200, Amdahl 5840, Convex C-1, VAX 8600, VAX 11/785, VAX 11/780, SUN 3/50, and IBM RT-PC/125, and for the following benchmark programs or suites: Los Alamos (BMK8A1), Baskett, Linpack, Livermore Loops, Madelbrot Set, NAS Kernels, Shell Sort, Smith, Whetstone and Sieve of Erathostenes.

Saavedra-Barrera, Rafael H.

1988-01-01

283

Benchmarking infrastructure for mutation text mining  

PubMed Central

Background Experimental research on the automatic extraction of information about mutations from texts is greatly hindered by the lack of consensus evaluation infrastructure for the testing and benchmarking of mutation text mining systems. Results We propose a community-oriented annotation and benchmarking infrastructure to support development, testing, benchmarking, and comparison of mutation text mining systems. The design is based on semantic standards, where RDF is used to represent annotations, an OWL ontology provides an extensible schema for the data and SPARQL is used to compute various performance metrics, so that in many cases no programming is needed to analyze results from a text mining system. While large benchmark corpora for biological entity and relation extraction are focused mostly on genes, proteins, diseases, and species, our benchmarking infrastructure fills the gap for mutation information. The core infrastructure comprises (1) an ontology for modelling annotations, (2) SPARQL queries for computing performance metrics, and (3) a sizeable collection of manually curated documents, that can support mutation grounding and mutation impact extraction experiments. Conclusion We have developed the principal infrastructure for the benchmarking of mutation text mining tasks. The use of RDF and OWL as the representation for corpora ensures extensibility. The infrastructure is suitable for out-of-the-box use in several important scenarios and is ready, in its current state, for initial community adoption. PMID:24568600

2014-01-01

284

Benchmarking for Cost Improvement. Final report  

SciTech Connect

The US Department of Energy`s (DOE) Office of Environmental Restoration and Waste Management (EM) conducted the Benchmarking for Cost Improvement initiative with three objectives: Pilot test benchmarking as an EM cost improvement tool; identify areas for cost improvement and recommend actions to address these areas; provide a framework for future cost improvement. The benchmarking initiative featured the use of four principal methods (program classification, nationwide cost improvement survey, paired cost comparison and component benchmarking). Interested parties contributed during both the design and execution phases. The benchmarking initiative was conducted on an accelerated basis. Of necessity, it considered only a limited set of data that may not be fully representative of the diverse and complex conditions found at the many DOE installations. The initiative generated preliminary data about cost differences and it found a high degree of convergence on several issues. Based on this convergence, the report recommends cost improvement strategies and actions. This report describes the steps taken as part of the benchmarking initiative and discusses the findings and recommended actions for achieving cost improvement. The results and summary recommendations, reported below, are organized by the study objectives.

Not Available

1993-09-01

285

Pool critical assembly pressure vessel facility benchmark  

SciTech Connect

This pool critical assembly (PCA) pressure vessel wall facility benchmark (PCA benchmark) is described and analyzed in this report. Analysis of the PCA benchmark can be used for partial fulfillment of the requirements for the qualification of the methodology for pressure vessel neutron fluence calculations, as required by the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission regulatory guide DG-1053. Section 1 of this report describes the PCA benchmark and provides all data necessary for the benchmark analysis. The measured quantities, to be compared with the calculated values, are the equivalent fission fluxes. In Section 2 the analysis of the PCA benchmark is described. Calculations with the computer code DORT, based on the discrete-ordinates method, were performed for three ENDF/B-VI-based multigroup libraries: BUGLE-93, SAILOR-95, and BUGLE-96. An excellent agreement of the calculated (C) and measures (M) equivalent fission fluxes was obtained. The arithmetic average C/M for all the dosimeters (total of 31) was 0.93 {+-} 0.03 and 0.92 {+-} 0.03 for the SAILOR-95 and BUGLE-96 libraries, respectively. The average C/M ratio, obtained with the BUGLE-93 library, for the 28 measurements was 0.93 {+-} 0.03 (the neptunium measurements in the water and air regions were overpredicted and excluded from the average). No systematic decrease in the C/M ratios with increasing distance from the core was observed for any of the libraries used.

Remec, I.; Kam, F.B.K. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States)

1997-07-01

286

Action-Oriented Benchmarking: Concepts and Tools  

SciTech Connect

Most energy benchmarking tools provide static feedback on how one building compares to a larger set of loosely similar buildings, without providing information at the end-use level or on what can be done to reduce consumption, cost, or emissions. In this article--Part 1 of a two-part series--we describe an 'action-oriented benchmarking' approach, which extends whole-building energy benchmarking to include analysis of system and component energy use metrics and features. Action-oriented benchmarking thereby allows users to generate more meaningful metrics and to identify, screen and prioritize potential efficiency improvements. This opportunity assessment process can then be used to inform and optimize a full-scale audit or commissioning process. We introduce a new web-based action-oriented benchmarking system and associated software tool-EnergyIQ. The benchmarking methods, visualizations, and user interface design are informed by an end-user needs assessment survey and best-practice guidelines from ASHRAE.

California Energy Commission; Mathew, Paul; Mills, Evan; Mathew, Paul; Piette, Mary Ann; Bourassa, Norman; Brook, Martha

2008-02-13

287

Benchmarking of optical dimerizer systems.  

PubMed

Optical dimerizers are a powerful new class of optogenetic tools that allow light-inducible control of protein-protein interactions. Such tools have been useful for regulating cellular pathways and processes with high spatiotemporal resolution in live cells, and a growing number of dimerizer systems are available. As these systems have been characterized by different groups using different methods, it has been difficult for users to compare their properties. Here, we set about to systematically benchmark the properties of four optical dimerizer systems, CRY2/CIB1, TULIPs, phyB/PIF3, and phyB/PIF6. Using a yeast transcriptional assay, we find significant differences in light sensitivity and fold-activation levels between the red light regulated systems but similar responses between the CRY2/CIB and TULIP systems. Further comparison of the ability of the CRY2/CIB1 and TULIP systems to regulate a yeast MAPK signaling pathway also showed similar responses, with slightly less background activity in the dark observed with CRY2/CIB. In the process of developing this work, we also generated an improved blue-light-regulated transcriptional system using CRY2/CIB in yeast. In addition, we demonstrate successful application of the CRY2/CIB dimerizers using a membrane-tethered CRY2, which may allow for better local control of protein interactions. Taken together, this work allows for a better understanding of the capacities of these different dimerization systems and demonstrates new uses of these dimerizers to control signaling and transcription in yeast. PMID:25350266

Pathak, Gopal P; Strickland, Devin; Vrana, Justin D; Tucker, Chandra L

2014-11-21

288

The skyshine benchmark experiment revisited.  

PubMed

With the coming renaissance of nuclear power, heralded by new nuclear power plant construction in Finland, the issue of qualifying modern tools for calculation becomes prominent. Among the calculations required may be the determination of radiation levels outside the plant owing to skyshine. For example, knowledge of the degree of accuracy in the calculation of gamma skyshine through the turbine hall roof of a BWR plant is important. Modern survey programs which can calculate skyshine dose rates tend to be qualified only by verification with the results of Monte Carlo calculations. However, in the past, exacting experimental work has been performed in the field for gamma skyshine, notably the benchmark work in 1981 by Shultis and co-workers, which considered not just the open source case but also the effects of placing a concrete roof above the source enclosure. The latter case is a better reflection of reality as safety considerations nearly always require the source to be shielded in some way, usually by substantial walls but by a thinner roof. One of the tools developed since that time, which can both calculate skyshine radiation and accurately model the geometrical set-up of an experiment, is the code RANKERN, which is used by Framatome ANP and other organisations for general shielding design work. The following description concerns the use of this code to re-address the experimental results from 1981. This then provides a realistic gauge to validate, but also to set limits on, the program for future gamma skyshine applications within the applicable licensing procedures for all users of the code. PMID:16604694

Terry, Ian R

2005-01-01

289

Employability Week Friday 10th  

E-print Network

by an experienced freelancer in environmental arts and community project management, this informal workshop qualification for your chosen career, or perhaps you want to continue life at University? Whatever your

290

Urban and rural infant-feeding practices and health in early medieval Central Europe (9th-10th Century, Czech Republic).  

PubMed

In the Central European context, the 9th and 10th centuries are well known for rapid cultural and societal changes concerning the development of the economic and political structures of states as well as the adoption of Christianity. A bioarchaeological study based on a subadult skeletal series was conducted to tackle the impact of these changes on infant and young child feeding practices and, consequently, their health in both urban and rural populations. Data on growth and frequency of nonspecific stress indicators of a subadult group aged 0-6 years were analyzed. A subsample of 41 individuals was selected for nitrogen and carbon isotope analyses, applying an intra-individual sampling strategy (bone vs. tooth). The isotopic results attest to a mosaic of food behaviors. In the urban sample, some children may have been weaned during their second year of life, while some others may have still been consuming breast milk substantially up to 4-5 years of age. By contrast, data from the rural sample show more homogeneity, with a gradual cessation of breastfeeding starting after the age of 2 years. Several factors are suggested which may have been responsible for applied weaning strategies. There is no evidence that observed weaning strategies affected the level of biological stress which the urban subadult population had to face compared with the rural subadult population. PMID:25256815

Kaupová, Sylva; Herrscher, Estelle; Velemínský, Petr; Cabut, Sandrine; Polá?ek, Lumír; Br?žek, Jaroslav

2014-12-01

291

The Royal Book by Haly Abbas from the 10th century: one of the earliest illustrations of the surgical approach to skull fractures.  

PubMed

Haly Abbas was one of the pioneering physicians and surgeons of the Eastern world in the 10th century who influenced the Western world by his monumental work, The Royal Book. The book was first partly translated into Latin by Constantinus Africanus in the 11th century without citing the author's name. Haly Abbas was recognized in Europe after full translation of The Royal Book by Stephen of Antioch in 1127. The Royal Book has been accepted as an early source of jerrah-names (surgical books) in the Eastern world. The chapters regarding cranial fractures in Haly Abbas' work include unique management strategies for his period with essential quotations from Paul of Aegina's work Epitome. Both authors preferred free bone flap craniotomy in cranial fractures. Although Paul of Aegina, a Byzantine physician and surgeon, was a connection between ancient traditions and Islamic interpretation, Haly Abbas seemed to play a bridging role between the Roman-Byzantine and the School of Salerno in Europe. PMID:21107177

Aciduman, Ahmet; Arda, Berna; Kahya, Esin; Belen, Deniz

2010-12-01

292

The shape variability of human tibial epiphyses in an early medieval Great Moravian population (9th-10th century AD): a geometric morphometric assessment.  

PubMed

Limb bone morphology is influenced by external factors, including changes in subsistence and socioeconomic shifts. The aim of this study was to identify and describe any trends in morphological variation in human tibial epiphyses within an early medieval population of central Europe using surface scanning and geometric morphometric methods. The results are discussed in terms of three potential sources of variation in shape variability: sexual dimorphism, age at death and social status. These parameters were tested on a Great Moravian population sample (35 men and 30 women) from a Mikulcice settlement (9th-10th century AD). Proximal (13 landmarks) and distal (8 landmarks) tibial epiphyses were evaluated independently. The most significant differences in morphology of both articular ends were found between the groups separated by sex. Proximal tibial variability in the studied sample was characterized by a strong relationship between tibial size and shape of sexual dimorphic traits. Significant shape differences were also identified between adultus (20 - 40 years) and maturus (40 - 60) age groups regarding the proximal epiphysis but neither of the epiphyses was affected by the presumed social status as derived from location within the context of the settlement. PMID:25065117

Brzobohatá, Hana; Krajícek, Václav; Velemínský, Petr; Polácek, Lumír; Velemínská, Jana

2014-01-01

293

What Is Fifth Grade?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One of the most consistent regularities observers would see in schools is the grouping of children by grade. The authors' work with schoolchildren causes them to ask, what is a grade beyond a group of children at a particular age? In this article, the authors share a glimpse of an activity involving inference and logical necessity that they…

O'Brien, Thomas C.; Wallach, Christine

2006-01-01

294

Grades out, Badges in  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Grades are broken. Students grub for them, pick classes where good ones come easily, and otherwise hustle to win the highest scores for the least learning. As a result, college grades are inflated to the point of meaninglessness--especially to employers who want to know which diploma-holder is best qualified for their jobs. An alternative is to…

Young, Jeffrey R.

2012-01-01

295

The Grades Game  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

It can be quite alarming (and eye-opening) to see exactly how many of the grades students receive are based on their behaviors rather than their learning. Students should be assessed on what they know and can use rather than on their behavior. The reality, unfortunately, is that the opposite is often the case. Grades for students who work hard are…

Fleenor, Andy; Lamb, Sarah; Anton, Jennifer; Stinson, Todd; Donen, Tony

2011-01-01

296

Beef grading by ultrasound  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Reflections in ultrasonic A-scan signatures of beef carcasses indicate USDA grade. Since reflections from within muscle are determined primarily by fat/muscle interface, richness of signals is direct indication of degree of marbling and quality. Method replaces subjective sight and feel tests by individual graders and is applicable to grade analysis of live cattle.

Gammell, P. M.

1981-01-01

297

Five Obstacles to Grading Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Educators seeking to reform grading must combat five long-held traditions that stand as formidable obstacles to change: (1) Grades should provide the basis for differentiating students; (2) grade distributions should resemble a bell-shaped curve; (3) grades should be based on students' standing among classmates; (4) poor grades prompt students to…

Guskey, Thomas R.

2011-01-01

298

Full sphere hydrodynamic and dynamo benchmarks  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Convection in planetary cores can generate fluid flow and magnetic fields, and a number of sophisticated codes exist to simulate the dynamic behaviour of such systems. We report on the first community activity to compare numerical results of computer codes designed to calculate fluid flow within a whole sphere. The flows are incompressible and rapidly rotating and the forcing of the flow is either due to thermal convection or due to moving boundaries. All problems defined have solutions that allow easy comparison, since they are either steady, slowly drifting or perfectly periodic. The first two benchmarks are defined based on uniform internal heating within the sphere under the Boussinesq approximation with boundary conditions that are uniform in temperature and stress-free for the flow. Benchmark 1 is purely hydrodynamic, and has a drifting solution. Benchmark 2 is a magnetohydrodynamic benchmark that can generate oscillatory, purely periodic, flows and magnetic fields. In contrast, Benchmark 3 is a hydrodynamic rotating bubble benchmark using no slip boundary conditions that has a stationary solution. Results from a variety of types of code are reported, including codes that are fully spectral (based on spherical harmonic expansions in angular coordinates and polynomial expansions in radius), mixed spectral and finite difference, finite volume, finite element and also a mixed Fourier-finite element code. There is good agreement between codes. It is found that in Benchmarks 1 and 2, the approximation of a whole sphere problem by a domain that is a spherical shell (a sphere possessing an inner core) does not represent an adequate approximation to the system, since the results differ from whole sphere results.

Marti, P.; Schaeffer, N.; Hollerbach, R.; Cébron, D.; Nore, C.; Luddens, F.; Guermond, J.-L.; Aubert, J.; Takehiro, S.; Sasaki, Y.; Hayashi, Y.-Y.; Simitev, R.; Busse, F.; Vantieghem, S.; Jackson, A.

2014-04-01

299

In appear in: Proceedings of the 10th IEEE Real-Time and Embedded Technology and Applications Symposium, Toronto, CA, May 2004. A Real-Time Model for the Robotic Highway Safety Marker System  

E-print Network

technique integrated into our real-time system is the Hough transform. We refine its traditional implementaIn appear in: Proceedings of the 10th IEEE Real-Time and Embedded Technology and Applications Symposium, Toronto, CA, May 2004. A Real-Time Model for the Robotic Highway Safety Marker System Jiazheng

Goddard, Steve

300

The Federal Forecasters Conference--1999. Papers and Proceedings (10th, Washington, DC, June 24, 1999) and Selected Papers from the International Symposium on Forecasting (19th, Washington, DC, June 27-30, 1999).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The 10th Federal Forecasters Conference provided a forum where 127 forecasters from different federal agencies and other organizations met to discuss various aspects of the conference's theme, "Forecasting in the New Millennium," that could be applied in the United States. A keynote address, "Procedures for Auditing Federal Forecasts" by J. Scott…

Gerald, Debra E., Ed.

301

Nebraska Science Standards: Grades K-12  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication presents the Nebraska Science Standards for Grades K-12. The standards are presented according to the following grades: (1) Grades K-2; (2) Grades 3-5; (3) Grades 6-8; and (4) Grades 9-12.

Nebraska Department of Education, 2010

2010-01-01

302

Action-Oriented Benchmarking: Using the CEUS Database to Benchmark Commercial Buildings in California  

SciTech Connect

The 2006 Commercial End Use Survey (CEUS) database developed by the California Energy Commission is a far richer source of energy end-use data for non-residential buildings than has previously been available and opens the possibility of creating new and more powerful energy benchmarking processes and tools. In this article--Part 2 of a two-part series--we describe the methodology and selected results from an action-oriented benchmarking approach using the new CEUS database. This approach goes beyond whole-building energy benchmarking to more advanced end-use and component-level benchmarking that enables users to identify and prioritize specific energy efficiency opportunities - an improvement on benchmarking tools typically in use today.

Mathew, Paul; Mills, Evan; Bourassa, Norman; Brook, Martha

2008-02-01

303

Functionally graded boron carbide  

SciTech Connect

Lightweight body armor is important for the protection of US soldiers in the field. Here, fabrication techniques were developed for producing graded porosity B{sub 4}C, and for producing aluminum-B{sub 4}C and epoxy-B{sub 4}C functionally graded materials. The key fabrication aspect was obtaining the graded porosity B{sub 4}C. The feasibility of producing graded porosity B{sub 4}C using a grading of carbon densification aid produced from a gradient of furfuryl alcohol carbon precursor was demonstrated. This approach is quite promising, but it was not optimized in the present investigation. Graded porosity B{sub 4}C materials were produced by a layering approach using different size distributions of B{sub 4}C powders in the green state, and then densifying the layered assembly by hot pressing at 1,900 C. The hardness of uninfiltrated graded B{sub 4}C, aluminum infiltrated B{sub 4}C, and epoxy infiltrated B{sub 4}C was observed to be similar.

Petrovic, J.J.; McClellan, K.J.; Kise, C.D.; Hoover, R.C.; Scarborough, W.K.

1998-12-31

304

Shielding Integral Benchmark Archive and Database (SINBAD)  

SciTech Connect

The Shielding Integral Benchmark Archive and Database (SINBAD) collection of benchmarks was initiated in the early 1990 s. SINBAD is an international collaboration between the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development s Nuclear Energy Agency Data Bank (OECD/NEADB) and the Radiation Safety Information Computational Center (RSICC) at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL). SINBAD is a major attempt to compile experiments and corresponding computational models with the goal of preserving institutional knowledge and expertise that need to be handed down to future scientists. SINBAD is also a learning tool for university students and scientists who need to design experiments or gain expertise in modeling and simulation. The SINBAD database is currently divided into three categories fission, fusion, and accelerator benchmarks. Where possible, each experiment is described and analyzed using deterministic or probabilistic (Monte Carlo) radiation transport software.

Kirk, Bernadette Lugue [ORNL; Grove, Robert E [ORNL; Kodeli, I. [International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA); Sartori, Enrico [ORNL; Gulliford, J. [OECD Nuclear Energy Agency

2011-01-01

305

The NAS Parallel Benchmarks in Titanium  

E-print Network

Titanium is an explicitly parallel dialect of Java TM designed for high-performance scientific programming. It offers object-orientation, strong typing, and safe memory management in the context of a language that supports high performance and scalable parallelism. We present an overview of the language features and demonstrate their use in the context of the NAS Parallel Benchmarks, a benchmark suite of common scientific kernels. We argue that parallel languages like Titanium provide greater expressive power than conventional approaches, thereby enabling more concise and expressive code and minimizing time to solution. Moreover, the Titanium implementations of three of the NAS Parallel Benchmarks can match or even exceed the performance of the standard Fortran/MPI implementations at realistic problem sizes and processor scales, while still using far cleaner, shorter and more maintainable code.

Kaushik Datta; Kaushik Datta

306

NAS Parallel Benchmarks, Multi-Zone Versions  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

We describe an extension of the NAS Parallel Benchmarks (NPB) suite that involves solving the application benchmarks LU, BT and SP on collections of loosely coupled discretization meshes. The solutions on the meshes are updated independently, but after each time step they exchange boundary value information. This strategy, which is common among structured-mesh production flow solver codes in use at NASA Ames and elsewhere, provides relatively easily exploitable coarse-grain parallelism between meshes. Since the individual application benchmarks also allow fine-grain parallelism themselves, this NPB extension, named NPB Multi-Zone (NPB-MZ), is a good candidate for testing hybrid and multi-level parallelization tools and strategies.

vanderWijngaart, Rob F.; Haopiang, Jin

2003-01-01

307

Benchmark field study of deep neutron penetration  

SciTech Connect

A unique benchmark neutron field has been established at the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) to study deep penetration neutron transport. At LLNL, a tandem accelerator is used to generate a monoenergetic neutron source that permits investigation of deep neutron penetration under conditions that are virtually ideal to model, namely the transport of mono-energetic neutrons through a single material in a simple geometry. General features of the Lawrence Tandem (LATAN) benchmark field are described with emphasis on neutron source characteristics and room return background. The single material chosen for the first benchmark, LATAN-1, is a steel representative of Light Water Reactor (LWR) Pressure Vessels (PV). Also included is a brief description of the Little Boy replica, a critical reactor assembly designed to mimic the radiation doses from the atomic bomb dropped on Hiroshima, and its us in neutron spectrometry. 18 refs.

Morgan, J.F.; Sale, K. (Lawrence Livermore National Lab., CA (USA)); Gold, R.; Roberts, J.H.; Preston, C.C. (Metrology Control Corp., Richland, WA (USA))

1991-06-10

308

Benchmark solutions for MHD solver development  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A benchmark solution is of great importance in validating algorithms and codes for magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) flows. Hunt and Shercliff's solutions are usually employed as benchmarks for MHD flows in a duct with insulated walls or with thin conductive walls, in which wall effects on MHD are represented by the wall conductance ratio. With wall thickness resolved, it is stressed that the solution of Sloan and Smith's and the solution of Butler's can be used to check the error of the thin wall approximation condition used for Hunt's solutions. It is noted that Tao and Ni's solutions can be used as a benchmark for MHD flows in a duct with wall symmetrical or unsymmetrical, thick or thin. When the walls are symmetrical, Tao and Ni's solutions are reduced to Sloan and Smith's solution and Butler's solution, respectively.

Tao, Zhen; Ni, MingJiu

2013-02-01

309

Analysis of ANS LWR physics benchmark problems.  

SciTech Connect

Various Monte Carlo and deterministic solutions to the three PWR Lattice Benchmark Problems recently defined by the ANS Ad Hoc Committee on Reactor Physics Benchmarks are presented. These solutions were obtained using the VIM continuous-energy Monte Carlo code and the DIF3D/WIMS-D4M code package implemented at the Argonne National Laboratory. The code results for the K{sub eff} and relative pin power distribution are compared to measured values. Additionally, code results for the three benchmark-prescribed infinite lattice configurations are also intercompared. The results demonstrate that the codes produce very good estimates of both the K{sub eff} and power distribution for the critical core and the lattice parameters of the infinite lattice configuration.

Taiwo, T. A.

1998-07-29

310

EDITORIAL: Special section: Selected papers from the 10th International Conference on Optical MEMS and their Applications (Oulu, Finland, 1 4 August 2005)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The miniaturization of optics has not only led to novel micro-optical components and systems but has also allowed the integration of micro-optics with the technologies which have been established for micro-mechanics, micro-fluidics and micro-electronics. The MEMS field, which now encompasses much more than `micro electro mechanical systems', has profited significantly from the inclusion of optical functionality, and the label `optical MEMS' (OMEMS) is now well established as a designation for complex microsystems which include optics but also possibly mechanics, fluidics, magnetics and a variety of other technologies. The IEEE/LEOS International Conference on Optical MEMS and their Applications is one of the premier venues for presenting the newest results in this dynamic and rapidly growing field. The 10th Optical MEMS Conference, held in August 2005 in Oulu, Finland, was attended by more than 150 researchers from 20 countries. Presentations focused on basic technologies, including micro-mirrors, scanners and actuators, materials and fabrication techniques and a variety of applications areas, including adaptive optics, sensors, bio-molecular systems, optical networks and communications. The wide spectrum of expertise in evidence at this four-day event reflects the diversity of technologies and applications relevant to the optical MEMS field and the long Finnish summer nights provided ample time and opportunity for animated interdisciplinary discussion. This special section features a selection from the more than 100 papers presented in Oulu. Some of the topics addressed include novel actuation mechanisms for micro-mirrors, including micro-pneumatics and bi-morph actuation, new types of tunable semiconductor lasers, tunable gratings and MEMS-based optically-pumped atomic clocks. The applications areas considered are similarly broad, comprising free-space optical communications, biological sensing and optical data storage. It has been a pleasure serving as Guest Co-Editor for this special section and I look forward to seeing further excellent work from the optical MEMS community.

Zappe, Hans

2006-07-01

311

IBC’s 23rd Annual Antibody Engineering, 10th Annual Antibody Therapeutics International Conferences and the 2012 Annual Meeting of The Antibody Society  

PubMed Central

The 23rd Annual Antibody Engineering, 10th Annual Antibody Therapeutics international conferences, and the 2012 Annual Meeting of The Antibody Society, organized by IBC Life Sciences with contributions from The Antibody Society and two Scientific Advisory Boards, were held December 3–6, 2012 in San Diego, CA. The meeting drew over 800 participants who attended sessions on a wide variety of topics relevant to antibody research and development. As a prelude to the main events, a pre-conference workshop held on December 2, 2012 focused on intellectual property issues that impact antibody engineering. The Antibody Engineering Conference was composed of six sessions held December 3–5, 2012: (1) From Receptor Biology to Therapy; (2) Antibodies in a Complex Environment; (3) Antibody Targeted CNS Therapy: Beyond the Blood Brain Barrier; (4) Deep Sequencing in B Cell Biology and Antibody Libraries; (5) Systems Medicine in the Development of Antibody Therapies/Systematic Validation of Novel Antibody Targets; and (6) Antibody Activity and Animal Models. The Antibody Therapeutics conference comprised four sessions held December 4–5, 2012: (1) Clinical and Preclinical Updates of Antibody-Drug Conjugates; (2) Multifunctional Antibodies and Antibody Combinations: Clinical Focus; (3) Development Status of Immunomodulatory Therapeutic Antibodies; and (4) Modulating the Half-Life of Antibody Therapeutics. The Antibody Society’s special session on applications for recording and sharing data based on GIATE was held on December 5, 2012, and the conferences concluded with two combined sessions on December 5–6, 2012: (1) Development Status of Early Stage Therapeutic Antibodies; and (2) Immunomodulatory Antibodies for Cancer Therapy. PMID:23575266

Klöhn, Peter-Christian; Wuellner, Ulrich; Zizlsperger, Nora; Zhou, Yu; Tavares, Daniel; Berger, Sven; Zettlitz, Kirstin A.; Proetzel, Gabriele; Yong, May; Begent, Richard H.J.; Reichert, Janice M

2013-01-01

312

Benchmarks for the point kinetics equations  

SciTech Connect

A new numerical algorithm is presented for the solution to the point kinetics equations (PKEs), whose accurate solution has been sought for over 60 years. The method couples the simplest of finite difference methods, a backward Euler, with Richardsons extrapolation, also called an acceleration. From this coupling, a series of benchmarks have emerged. These include cases from the literature as well as several new ones. The novelty of this presentation lies in the breadth of reactivity insertions considered, covering both prescribed and feedback reactivities, and the extreme 8- to 9- digit accuracy achievable. The benchmarks presented are to provide guidance to those who wish to develop further numerical improvements. (authors)

Ganapol, B. [Department of Aerospace and Mechanical Engineering (United States); Picca, P. [Department of Systems and Industrial Engineering, University of Arizona (United States); Previti, A.; Mostacci, D. [Laboratorio di Montecuccolino Alma Mater Studiorum, Universita di Bologna (Italy)

2013-07-01

313

Impacts of Parental Education on Substance Use: Differences among White, African-American, and Hispanic Students in 8th, 10th, and 12th Grades (1999-2008). Monitoring the Future Occasional Paper Series. Paper No. 70  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Monitoring the Future (MTF) project reports annually on levels and trends in self-reported substance use by secondary school students (e.g., Johnston, O'Malley, Bachman, & Schulenberg, 2009). The reports include subgroup comparisons, and these have revealed substantial differences among race/ethnicity groups, as well as some differences linked…

Bachman, Jerald G.; O'Malley, Patrick M.; Johnston, Lloyd D.; Schulenberg, John E.

2010-01-01

314

Mock Tribunal in Action: Mock International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia. 10th Grade Lesson. Schools of California Online Resources for Education (SCORE): Connecting California's Classrooms to the World.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this lesson, students role-play as members of the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia that will bring to trial "Persons Responsible for Serious Violations of International Humanitarian Law." Students represent the following groups: International Criminal Tribunal; Prosecution; Defense; Serbians; Croatians; Bosnian Muslims;…

Fix, Terrance

315

Kauffman Teen Survey. An Annual Report on Teen Health Behaviors: Use of Alcohol, Tobacco, and Other Drugs among 8th-, 10th-, and 12th-Grade Students in Greater Kansas City, 1991-92 to 2000-01.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Ewing Marion Kauffman Foundation began surveying Kansas City area teens during the 1984-85 school year. The Kauffman Teen Survey now addresses two sets of issues for teens. Teen Health Behaviors, addressed in this report, have been a focus of the survey since its inception. The report focuses on teen use of alcohol, tobacco, and other drugs in…

Ewing Marion Kauffman Foundation, Kansas City, MO.

316

29 CFR 1952.93 - Compliance staffing benchmarks.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...benchmarks. Under the terms of the 1978 Court Order in AFL-CIO v. Marshall compliance staffing levels (benchmarks...After opportunity for public comment and service on the AFL-CIO, the Assistant Secretary approved these revised staffing...

2010-07-01

317

29 CFR 1952.353 - Compliance staffing benchmarks.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...benchmarks. Under the terms of the 1978 Court Order in AFL-CIO v. Marshall, compliance staffing levels (benchmarks...After opportunity for public comment and service on the AFL-CIO, the Assistant Secretary approved these revised staffing...

2010-07-01

318

29 CFR 1952.163 - Compliance staffing benchmarks.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...benchmarks. Under the terms of the 1978 Court Order in AFL-CIO v. Marshall, compliance staffing levels (benchmarks...After opportunity for public comment and service on the AFL-CIO, the Assistant Secretary approved these revised staffing...

2010-07-01

319

29 CFR 1952.113 - Compliance staffing benchmarks.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...benchmarks. Under the terms of the 1978 Court Order in AFL-CIO v. Marshall, compliance staffing levels (benchmarks...After opportunity for public comments and service on the AFL-CIO, the Assistant Secretary approved these revised staffing...

2010-07-01

320

29 CFR 1952.233 - Compliance staffing benchmarks.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...benchmarks. Under the terms of the 1978 Court Order in AFL-CIO v. Marshall compliance staffing levels (benchmarks...After opportunity for public comment and service on the AFL-CIO, the Assistant Secretary approved these revised staffing...

2010-07-01

321

29 CFR 1952.203 - Compliance staffing benchmarks.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...benchmarks. Under the terms of the 1978 Court Order in AFL-CIO v. Marshall, compliance staffing levels (benchmarks...After opportunity for public comment and service on the AFL-CIO, the Assistant Secretary approved these revised staffing...

2010-07-01

322

29 CFR 1952.363 - Compliance staffing benchmarks.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...benchmarks. Under the terms of the 1978 Court Order in AFL-CIO v. Marshall, compliance staffing levels (“benchmarks...After opportunity for public comment and service on the AFL-CIO, the Assistant Secretary approved these revised staffing...

2010-07-01

323

29 CFR 1952.213 - Compliance staffing benchmarks.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...benchmarks. Under the terms of the 1978 Court Order in AFL-CIO v. Marshall compliance staffing levels (benchmarks...After opportunity for public comment and service on the AFL-CIO, the Assistant Secretary approved these revised staffing...

2010-07-01

324

29 CFR 1952.323 - Compliance staffing benchmarks.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...benchmarks. Under the terms of the 1978 Court Order in AFL-CIO v. Marshall compliance staffing levels (benchmarks...After opportunity for public comment and service on the AFL-CIO, the Assistant Secretary approved these revised staffing...

2010-07-01

325

29 CFR 1952.223 - Compliance staffing benchmarks.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...benchmarks. Under the terms of the 1978 Court Order in AFL-CIO v. Marshall compliance staffing levels (benchmarks...After opportunity for public comment and service on the AFL-CIO, the Assistant Secretary approved these revised staffing...

2010-07-01

326

29 CFR 1952.103 - Compliance staffing benchmarks.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...benchmarks. Under the terms of the 1978 Court Order in AFL-CIO v. Marshall, compliance staffing levels (“benchmarks...After opportunity for public comment and service on the AFL-CIO, the Assistant Secretary approved these revised staffing...

2010-07-01

327

29 CFR 1952.343 - Compliance staffing benchmarks.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...benchmarks. Under the terms of the 1978 Court Order in AFL-CIO v. Marshall, Compliance staffing levels (benchmarks...After opportunity for pulbic comment and service on the AFL-CIO, the Assistant Secretary approved these revised staffing...

2010-07-01

328

29 CFR 1952.293 - Compliance staffing benchmarks.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...benchmarks. Under the terms of the 1978 Court Order in AFL-CIO v. Marshall compliance staffing levels (benchmarks...After opportunity for public comment and service on the AFL-CIO, the Assistant Secretary approved these revised staffing...

2010-07-01

329

29 CFR 1952.373 - Compliance staffing benchmarks.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...benchmarks. Under the terms of the 1978 Court Order in AFL-CIO v. Marshall compliance staffing levels (benchmarks...After opportunity for public comment and service on the AFL-CIO, the Assistant Secretary approved these revised staffing...

2010-07-01

330

7 CFR 1709.5 - Determination of energy cost benchmarks.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-01-01 false Determination of energy cost benchmarks. 1709.5 Section...OF AGRICULTURE ASSISTANCE TO HIGH ENERGY COST COMMUNITIES General Requirements § 1709.5 Determination of energy cost benchmarks. (a) The...

2010-01-01

331

7 CFR 1709.5 - Determination of energy cost benchmarks.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-01-01 false Determination of energy cost benchmarks. 1709.5 Section...OF AGRICULTURE ASSISTANCE TO HIGH ENERGY COST COMMUNITIES General Requirements § 1709.5 Determination of energy cost benchmarks. (a) The...

2011-01-01

332

7 CFR 1709.5 - Determination of energy cost benchmarks.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-01-01 false Determination of energy cost benchmarks. 1709.5 Section...OF AGRICULTURE ASSISTANCE TO HIGH ENERGY COST COMMUNITIES General Requirements § 1709.5 Determination of energy cost benchmarks. (a) The...

2014-01-01

333

7 CFR 1709.5 - Determination of energy cost benchmarks.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-01-01 false Determination of energy cost benchmarks. 1709.5 Section...OF AGRICULTURE ASSISTANCE TO HIGH ENERGY COST COMMUNITIES General Requirements § 1709.5 Determination of energy cost benchmarks. (a) The...

2013-01-01

334

Benchmarking Music Information Retrieval Systems Department of Electronic Engineering  

E-print Network

Benchmarking Music Information Retrieval Systems Josh Reiss Department of Electronic Engineering and effective benchmarking system for music information retrieval (MIR) systems. This will serve the multiple surrounding retrieval of audio in test collections. 1. INTRODUCTION The Music Information Retrieval (MIR

Reiss, Josh

335

Identification of Possible Discrepancies in HEU Metal Benchmarks  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The experiment from which benchmark specifications of "Lady Godiva" were derived consisted of nested hemispheres forming a bare sphere of highly enriched uranium (HEU). That experiment was performed in the early 1950s and the critical configuration was later (1995) evaluated and published in the International Handbook of Evaluated Criticality Safety Benchmark Experiments. The benchmark eigenvalue is reported as 1.000 ± 0.001, which is representative of a high-quality benchmark experiment. Our current neutronic codes and cross section data are tailored to provide qualitative results that concur with the GODIVA I benchmark. Since 1995, additional high-fidelity HEU metal benchmark data have been evaluated and published. Calculated results from many of those benchmarks are consistently low. While there is generally good agreement between calculated and benchmark eigenvalues for spherical and slab geometries, cylindrical configurations tend to calculate low.

Bess, J. D.; Briggs, J. B.; Marshall, M. A.

2014-04-01

336

Results Oriented Benchmarking: The Evolution of Benchmarking at NASA from Competitive Comparisons to World Class Space Partnerships  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Informal benchmarking using personal or professional networks has taken place for many years at the Kennedy Space Center (KSC). The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) recognized early on, the need to formalize the benchmarking process for better utilization of resources and improved benchmarking performance. The need to compete in a faster, better, cheaper environment has been the catalyst for formalizing these efforts. A pioneering benchmarking consortium was chartered at KSC in January 1994. The consortium known as the Kennedy Benchmarking Clearinghouse (KBC), is a collaborative effort of NASA and all major KSC contractors. The charter of this consortium is to facilitate effective benchmarking, and leverage the resulting quality improvements across KSC. The KBC acts as a resource with experienced facilitators and a proven process. One of the initial actions of the KBC was to develop a holistic methodology for Center-wide benchmarking. This approach to Benchmarking integrates the best features of proven benchmarking models (i.e., Camp, Spendolini, Watson, and Balm). This cost-effective alternative to conventional Benchmarking approaches has provided a foundation for consistent benchmarking at KSC through the development of common terminology, tools, and techniques. Through these efforts a foundation and infrastructure has been built which allows short duration benchmarking studies yielding results gleaned from world class partners that can be readily implemented. The KBC has been recognized with the Silver Medal Award (in the applied research category) from the International Benchmarking Clearinghouse.

Bell, Michael A.

1999-01-01

337

What Is the Impact of Subject Benchmarking?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The introduction of subject benchmarking led to fears of increased external intervention in the activities of universities and a more restrictive view of institutional autonomy, accompanied by an undermining of the academic profession, particularly through the perceived threat of the introduction of a national curriculum for higher education. For…

Pidcock, Steve

2006-01-01

338

Sequenced Benchmarks for K-12 Mathematics  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report presents mathematics benchmarks organized into instructional sequences by topic. Each sequence is based upon an analysis of the order of content as it appears among a set of highly rated state standards. The report is intended to inform and guide state or district curriculum directors or others who, starting from content that is placed…

Kendall, John S.; DeFrees, Keri; Williams, Jill

2004-01-01

339

SMART SCHOOLS SYMPOSIUM 2013 BENCHMARKING FOR  

E-print Network

SMART SCHOOLS SYMPOSIUM 2013 BENCHMARKING FOR STRATEGIC PLANNING The CHPS Operations Report Card #12;SMART SCHOOLS SYMPOSIUM 2013 Our mission is to make every school an ideal place to learn #12;SMART's schools are older than 50 years and $117 billion is needed over the next 10 years #12;SMART SCHOOLS

California at Davis, University of

340

Issues in Benchmarking and Assessing Institutional Engagement  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The process of assessing and benchmarking community engagement can take many forms. To date, more than two dozen assessment tools for measuring community engagement institutionalization have been published. These tools vary substantially in purpose, level of complexity, scope, process, structure, and focus. While some instruments are designed to…

Furco, Andrew; Miller, William

2009-01-01

341

Benchmark simulations of ICRF antenna coupling  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper reports on ongoing benchmark numerical simulations of antenna input impedance parameters in the ion cyclotron range of frequencies with different coupling codes: CST Microwave Studio, TOPICA and ANTITER 2. In particular we study the validity of the approximation of a magnetized plasma slab by a dielectric medium of suitably chosen permittivity. Different antenna models are considered: a single-strap

F. Louche; P. U. Lamalle; A. M. Messiaen; B. van Compernolle; D. Milanesio; R. Maggiora

2007-01-01

342

Time Series Prediction Competition: The CATS Benchmark  

E-print Network

Time Series Prediction Competition: The CATS Benchmark Amaury Lendasse, Erkki Oja and Olli Simula, Louvain-la-Neuve 1348, Belgium Email: verleysen@dice.ucl.ac.be Abstract ­ This paper presents the CATS to be organized. In the present CATS competition, the goal was the prediction of 100 missing values of the time

Verleysen, Michel

343

Local Search with Memory: Benchmarking RTS  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary The purpose of this work is that of presenting a version of the Reactive Tabu Search method (RTS) that is suitable for constrained problems, and that of testing RTS on a series of constrained and unconstrained Combinatorial Optimization tasks. The benchmark suite consists of many instances of the N-K model and of the Knapsack problem with various sizes and

Roberto Battiti; Giampietro Tecchiolli

1994-01-01

344

Cleanroom Energy Efficiency: Metrics and Benchmarks  

SciTech Connect

Cleanrooms are among the most energy-intensive types of facilities. This is primarily due to the cleanliness requirements that result in high airflow rates and system static pressures, as well as process requirements that result in high cooling loads. Various studies have shown that there is a wide range of cleanroom energy efficiencies and that facility managers may not be aware of how energy efficient their cleanroom facility can be relative to other cleanroom facilities with the same cleanliness requirements. Metrics and benchmarks are an effective way to compare one facility to another and to track the performance of a given facility over time. This article presents the key metrics and benchmarks that facility managers can use to assess, track, and manage their cleanroom energy efficiency or to set energy efficiency targets for new construction. These include system-level metrics such as air change rates, air handling W/cfm, and filter pressure drops. Operational data are presented from over 20 different cleanrooms that were benchmarked with these metrics and that are part of the cleanroom benchmark dataset maintained by Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL). Overall production efficiency metrics for cleanrooms in 28 semiconductor manufacturing facilities in the United States and recorded in the Fabs21 database are also presented.

International SEMATECH Manufacturing Initiative; Mathew, Paul A.; Tschudi, William; Sartor, Dale; Beasley, James

2010-07-07

345

Simple benchmark for complex dose finding studies.  

PubMed

While a general goal of early phase clinical studies is to identify an acceptable dose for further investigation, modern dose finding studies and designs are highly specific to individual clinical settings. In addition, as outcome-adaptive dose finding methods often involve complex algorithms, it is crucial to have diagnostic tools to evaluate the plausibility of a method's simulated performance and the adequacy of the algorithm. In this article, we propose a simple technique that provides an upper limit, or a benchmark, of accuracy for dose finding methods for a given design objective. The proposed benchmark is nonparametric optimal in the sense of O'Quigley et al. (2002, Biostatistics 3, 51-56), and is demonstrated by examples to be a practical accuracy upper bound for model-based dose finding methods. We illustrate the implementation of the technique in the context of phase I trials that consider multiple toxicities and phase I/II trials where dosing decisions are based on both toxicity and efficacy, and apply the benchmark to several clinical examples considered in the literature. By comparing the operating characteristics of a dose finding method to that of the benchmark, we can form quick initial assessments of whether the method is adequately calibrated and evaluate its sensitivity to the dose-outcome relationships. PMID:24571185

Cheung, Ying Kuen

2014-06-01

346

Accelerating and Benchmarking GAMESS quantum chemistry code  

E-print Network

· With the increasing use of massively parallel sequencing approaches in evolu- tionary biology, the need for fast the genomic mixture of hybrid individuals. · Our simulations provide benchmarks to compare the performance challenges confronted by the overwhelming amount of data generated by massively parallel sequencing tech

Kemner, Ken

347

Automatic Parallelization of the AVL FIRE Benchmark  

E-print Network

Automatic Parallelization of the AVL FIRE Benchmark for a Distributed­Memory System ? Peter Brezany a , Viera Sipkova a , Barbara Chapman b , Robert Greimel c a Institute for Software Technology and Parallel Systems b European Centre for Parallel Computing at Vienna University of Vienna, Liechtensteinstrasse 22

Brezany, Peter

348

Communication Characteristics in the NAS Parallel Benchmarks  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we investigate the communication characteris- tics of the Message Passing Interface (MPI) implementation of the NAS parallel benchmarks and study the effectiveness of com- piled communication for MPI programs. Compiled communica- tion is a technique that utilizes the compiler knowledge of both the application communication requirement and the underlying network architecture to significantly optimize the performance of

Ahmad Faraj; Xin Yuan

2002-01-01

349

NAS Parallel Benchmarks Results 3-95  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The NAS Parallel Benchmarks (NPB) were developed in 1991 at NASA Ames Research Center to study the performance of parallel supercomputers. The eight benchmark problems are specified in a "pencil and paper" fashion, i.e., the complete details of the problem are given in a NAS technical document. Except for a few restrictions, benchmark implementors are free to select the language constructs and implementation techniques best suited for a particular system. In this paper, we present new NPB performance results for the following systems: (a) Parallel-Vector Processors: CRAY C90, CRAY T90 and Fujitsu VPP500; (b) Highly Parallel Processors: CRAY T3D, IBM SP2-WN (Wide Nodes), and IBM SP2-TN2 (Thin Nodes 2); and (c) Symmetric Multiprocessors: Convex Exemplar SPPIOOO, CRAY J90, DEC Alpha Server 8400 5/300, and SGI Power Challenge XL (75 MHz). We also present sustained performance per dollar for Class B LU, SP and BT benchmarks. We also mention future NAS plans for the NPB.

Saini, Subhash; Bailey, David H.; Walter, Howard (Technical Monitor)

1995-01-01

350

Quality Benchmarks in Undergraduate Psychology Programs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Performance benchmarks are proposed to assist undergraduate psychology programs in defining their missions and goals as well as documenting their effectiveness. Experienced academic program reviewers compared their experiences to formulate a developmental framework of attributes of undergraduate programs focusing on activity in 8 domains:…

Dunn, Dana S.; McCarthy, Maureen A.; Baker, Suzanne; Halonen, Jane S.; Hill, G. William, IV

2007-01-01

351

Geodesic Ground Truth Correspondence Measure for Benchmarking  

E-print Network

Geodesic Ground Truth Correspondence Measure for Benchmarking A. Ericsson and J. Karlsson Centre of these measures are discussed and a new measure called Ground truth Correspon- dence Measure (gcm) is instead, compactness and generality are clues to the quality of a model, but if ground truth cor- respondences

Lunds Universitet

352

Benchmarking 2008: Trends in Education Philanthropy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Through Grantmakers for Education's (GFE's) "Benchmarking 2008" research report, the researchers sought to make the act of sharing among GFE members as easy and worthwhile as possible. The researchers started with an online survey, which was completed by education grantmakers from more than 150 organizations. They analyzed their responses for…

Grantmakers for Education, 2008

2008-01-01

353

Benchmark Problems for Spacecraft Formation Flying Missions  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

To provide high-level focus to distributed space system flight dynamics and control research, several benchmark problems are suggested. These problems are not specific to any current or proposed mission, but instead are intended to capture high-level features that would be generic to many similar missions.

Carpenter, J. Russell; Leitner, Jesse A.; Burns, Richard D.; Folta, David C.

2003-01-01

354

MHEC Survey Establishes Midwest Property Insurance Benchmarks.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication presents the results of a survey of over 200 midwestern colleges and universities on their property insurance programs and establishes benchmarks to help these institutions evaluate their insurance programs. Findings included the following: (1) 51 percent of respondents currently purchase their property insurance as part of a…

Midwestern Higher Education Commission Risk Management Institute Research Bulletin, 1994

1994-01-01

355

SPICE benchmark for global tomographic methods  

Microsoft Academic Search

The existing global tomographic methods result in different models due to different parametrization, scale resolution and theoretical approach. To test how current imaging techniques are limited by approximations in theory and by the inadequacy of data quality and coverage, it is necessary to perform a global-scale benchmark to understand the resolving properties of each specific imaging algorithm. In the framework

Yilong Qin; Yann Capdeville; Valerie Maupin; Jean-Paul Montagner; Sergei Lebedev; Eric Beucler

2008-01-01

356

2010 Recruiting Benchmarks Survey. Research Brief  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The National Association of Colleges and Employers conducted its annual survey of employer members from June 15, 2010 to August 15, 2010, to benchmark data relevant to college recruiting. From a base of 861 employers holding organizational membership, there were 268 responses for a response rate of 31 percent. Following are some of the major…

National Association of Colleges and Employers (NJ1), 2010

2010-01-01

357

TsunaFLASH Benchmark and Its Verifications  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the end of year 2008 TsunAWI (Tsunami unstructured mesh finite element model developed at Alfred Wegener Institute) by Behrens et al. (2006 - 2008) [Behrens, 2008], had been launched as an operational model in the German - Indonesian Tsunami EarlyWarning System (GITEWS) framework. This model has been benchmarked and verified with 2004 Sumatra-Andaman mega tsunami event [Harig et al.,

Widodo Pranowo; Joern Behrens

2010-01-01

358

Arizona Academic Standards: Grade 7  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document contains the Arizona academic standards for Grade 7. The following 11 standards are reviewed: (1) The Arts Standard 2006 --Grade 7; (2) Comprehensive Health Education/Physical Activity Standards 1997--Essentials (Grades 4-8); (3) Foreign and Native Language Standards 1997--Essentials (Grades 4-8); (4) Reading Standard Articulated by…

Arizona Department of Education, 2009

2009-01-01

359

Arizona Academic Standards, Grade 8  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication contains the updated academic standards of Arizona for Grade 8. The contents of this document include the following: (1) The Arts Standard 2006--Grade 8; (2) Comprehensive Health Education/Physical Activity Standards 1997--Essentials (Grades 4-8); (3) Foreign and Native Language Standards 1997--Essentials (Grades 4-8); (4) Reading…

Arizona Department of Education, 2009

2009-01-01

360

Arizona Academic Standards, Grade 5  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication contains an updated academic standards of Arizona public schools for grade 5. The contents of this document include the following: (1) The Arts Standard 2006--Grade 5; (2) Comprehensive Health Education/Physical Activity Standards 1997--Essentials (Grades 4-8); (3) Foreign and Native Language Standards 1997--Foundations (Grades

Arizona Department of Education, 2009

2009-01-01

361

Arizona Academic Standards, Grade 6  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication contains an updated academic standards of Arizona public schools for grade 6. The contents of this document include the following: (1) The Arts Standard 2006--Grade 6; (2) Comprehensive Health Education/Physical Activity Standards 1997--Essentials (Grades 4-8); (3) Foreign and Native Language Standards 1997--Essentials (Grades

Arizona Department of Education, 2009

2009-01-01

362

Arizona Academic Standards, Grade 4  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication contains Arizona public schools' academic standards for grade 4. The contents of this document include the following: (1) The Arts Standard 2006--Grade 4; (2) Comprehensive Health Education/Physical Activity Standards 1997--Essentials (Grades 4-8); (3) Foreign and Native Language Standards 1997--Essentials (Grades 4-8); (4)…

Arizona Department of Education, 2007

2007-01-01

363

Arizona Academic Standards: Grade 4  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication contains Arizona public schools' academic standards for grade 4. The contents of this document include the following: (1) The Arts Standard 2006--Grade 4; (2) Comprehensive Health Education/Physical Activity Standards 1997--Essentials (Grades 4-8); (3) Foreign and Native Language Standards 1997--Essentials (Grades 4-8); (4)…

Arizona Department of Education, 2009

2009-01-01

364

HANDBOOK FOR STUDENTS GRADE APPEALS  

E-print Network

HANDBOOK FOR STUDENTS GRADE APPEALS STUDENT GRIEVANCES Prepared by The Dispute Resolution Board the process for addressing your concerns. Formal complaints for grade appeals or student grievances are heard before a formal complaint is filed. GRADE APPEALS · If you think the final grade given for a class

Ravikumar, B.

365

Arizona Academic Standards, Grade 2  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication contains Arizona public schools' academic standards for grade 2. The contents of this document include the following: (1) The Arts Standard 2006--Grade 2; (2) Comprehensive Health Education/Physical Activity Standards 1997--Foundations (Grades 1-3); (3) Foreign and Native Language Standards 1997--Foundations (Grades 1-3); (4)…

Arizona Department of Education, 2009

2009-01-01

366

Arizona Academic Standards, Grade 1  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication contains Arizona public schools' academic standards for Grade 1. The contents of this document include the following: (1) The Arts Standard 2006--Grade 1; (2) Comprehensive Health Education/Physical Activity Standards 1997--Foundations (Grades 1-3); (3) Foreign and Native Language Standards 1997--Foundations (Grades 1-3); (4)…

Arizona Department of Education, 2009

2009-01-01

367

Arizona Academic Standards, Grade 3  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication contains Arizona public schools' academic standards for grade 3. The contents of this document include the following: (1) The Arts Standard 2006--Grade 3; (2) Comprehensive Health Education/Physical Activity Standards 1997--Foundations (Grades 1-3); (3) Foreign and Native Language Standards 1997--Foundations (Grades 1-3); (4)…

Arizona Department of Education, 2009

2009-01-01

368

Benchmarking Implementations of Functional Languages with `Pseudoknot', a Float-Intensive Benchmark  

Microsoft Academic Search

Over 25 implementations of different functional languages are benchmarked using the same program, a floatingpoint intensive application taken from molecular biology. The principal aspects studied are compile time and execution time for the various implementations that were benchmarked. An important consideration is how the program can be modified and tuned to obtain maximal performance on each language implementation.\\u000aWith few

Pieter H. Hartel; Marc Feeley; Martin Alt; Lennart Augustsson; Peter Baumann; Marcel Beemster; Emmanuel Chailloux; Christine H. Flood; Wolfgang Grieskamp; John H. G. Van Groningen; Kevin Hammond; Bogumil Hausman; Melody Y. Ivory; Richard E. Jones; Jasper Kamperman; Peter Lee; Xavier Leroy; Rafael Dueire Lins; Sandra Loosemore; Niklas Röjemo; Manuel Serrano; Jean-pierre Talpin; Jon Thackray; Stephen Thomas; Pum Walters; Pierre Weis; Peter Wentworth

1996-01-01

369

IBC’s 23rd Antibody Engineering and 10th Antibody Therapeutics Conferences and the Annual Meeting of The Antibody Society  

PubMed Central

Now in its 23rd and 10th years, respectively, the Antibody Engineering and Antibody Therapeutics conferences are the Annual Meeting of The Antibody Society. The scientific program covers the full spectrum of challenges in antibody research and development from basic science through clinical development. In this preview of the conferences, the chairs provide their thoughts on sessions that will allow participants to track emerging trends in (1) the development of next-generation immunomodulatory antibodies; (2) the complexity of the environment in which antibodies must function; (3) antibody-targeted central nervous system (CNS) therapies that cross the blood brain barrier; (4) the extension of antibody half-life for improved efficacy and pharmacokinetics (PK)/pharmacodynamics (PD); and (5) the application of next generation DNA sequencing to accelerate antibody research. A pre-conference workshop on Sunday, December 2, 2012 will update participants on recent intellectual property (IP) law changes that affect antibody research, including biosimilar legislation, the America Invents Act and recent court cases. Keynote presentations will be given by Andreas Plückthun (University of Zürich), who will speak on engineering receptor ligands with powerful cellular responses; Gregory Friberg (Amgen Inc.), who will provide clinical updates of bispecific antibodies; James D. Marks (University of California, San Francisco), who will discuss a systems approach to generating tumor targeting antibodies; Dario Neri (Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zürich), who will speak about delivering immune modulators at the sites of disease; William M. Pardridge (University of California, Los Angeles), who will discuss delivery across the blood-brain barrier; and Peter Senter (Seattle Genetics, Inc.), who will present his vision for the future of antibody-drug conjugates. For more information on these meetings or to register to attend, please visit www.IBCLifeSciences.com/AntibodyEng or call 800-390-4078. Members of The Antibody Society and mAbs journal subscribers receive a 20% discount for meeting registration. To obtain this discount, email kdostie@ibcusa.com. mAbs is the official therapeutics journal of The Antibody Society and offers a discounted subscription to Society members for $49. PMID:23007482

Marquardt, John; Begent, Richard H.J.; Chester, Kerry; Huston, James S.; Bradbury, Andrew; Scott, Jamie K.; Thorpe, Philip E.; Veldman, Trudi; Reichert, Janice M.; Weiner, Louis M.

2012-01-01

370

IBC's 23rd Antibody Engineering and 10th Antibody Therapeutics Conferences and the Annual Meeting of The Antibody Society: December 2-6, 2012, San Diego, CA.  

PubMed

Now in its 23rd and 10th years, respectively, the Antibody Engineering and Antibody Therapeutics conferences are the Annual Meeting of The Antibody Society. The scientific program covers the full spectrum of challenges in antibody research and development from basic science through clinical development. In this preview of the conferences, the chairs provide their thoughts on sessions that will allow participants to track emerging trends in (1) the development of next-generation immunomodulatory antibodies; (2) the complexity of the environment in which antibodies must function; (3) antibody-targeted central nervous system (CNS) therapies that cross the blood brain barrier; (4) the extension of antibody half-life for improved efficacy and pharmacokinetics (PK)/pharmacodynamics (PD); and (5) the application of next generation DNA sequencing to accelerate antibody research. A pre-conference workshop on Sunday, December 2, 2012 will update participants on recent intellectual property (IP) law changes that affect antibody research, including biosimilar legislation, the America Invents Act and recent court cases. Keynote presentations will be given by Andreas Plückthun (University of Zürich), who will speak on engineering receptor ligands with powerful cellular responses; Gregory Friberg (Amgen Inc.), who will provide clinical updates of bispecific antibodies; James D. Marks (University of California, San Francisco), who will discuss a systems approach to generating tumor targeting antibodies; Dario Neri (Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zürich), who will speak about delivering immune modulators at the sites of disease; William M. Pardridge (University of California, Los Angeles), who will discuss delivery across the blood-brain barrier; and Peter Senter (Seattle Genetics, Inc.), who will present his vision for the future of antibody-drug conjugates. For more information on these meetings or to register to attend, please visit www.IBCLifeSciences.com/AntibodyEng or call 800-390-4078. Members of The Antibody Society and mAbs journal subscribers receive a 20% discount for meeting registration. To obtain this discount, email kdostie@ibcusa.com. mAbs is the official therapeutics journal of The Antibody Society and offers a discounted subscription to Society members for $49. PMID:23007482

Marquardt, John; Begent, Richard H J; Chester, Kerry; Huston, James S; Bradbury, Andrew; Scott, Jamie K; Thorpe, Philip E; Veldman, Trudi; Reichert, Janice M; Weiner, Louis M

2012-01-01

371

Benchmarking tool for improved corporate social responsibility in purchasing  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to develop a benchmark tool that can be applied to improve corporate social responsibility (CSR) in purchasing. The tool has been tested on two companies that illustrate how the benchmarking tool can be applied. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – A literature review provides arguments for the importance of a benchmarking tool in the area of

Maria Björklund

2010-01-01

372

Environmental management systems for internal corporate environmental benchmarking  

Microsoft Academic Search

Corporate environmental benchmarking is difficult with the range and inconsistency of environmental information available, even from facilities within the same firm. Environmental management systems can assist firms in organizing internal corporate benchmarking efforts. They attempt to capture environmental impacts from activities throughout a facility under a single system and generally follow traditional benchmarking cycles of plan, do, check, and act.

Deanna H. Matthews

2003-01-01

373

47 CFR 69.108 - Transport rate benchmark.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-10-01 false Transport rate benchmark. 69.108 Section 69.108 Telecommunication...Charges § 69.108 Transport rate benchmark. (a) For transport charges computed...with this subpart, the DS3-to-DS1 benchmark ratio shall be calculated as...

2014-10-01

374

Specification and implementation of dynamic Web site benchmarks  

Microsoft Academic Search

The absence of benchmarks for Web sites with dynamic content has been a major impediment to research in this area. We describe three benchmarks for evaluating the performance of Web sites with dynamic content. The benchmarks model three common types of dynamic content Web sites with widely varying application characteristics: an online bookstore, an auction site, and a bulletin board.

Cristiana Amza; Anupam Chanda; Alan L. Cox; Sameh Elnikety; Romer Gil; Karthick Rajamani; Willy Zwaenepoel; Emmanuel Cecchet; Julie Marguerite

2002-01-01

375

LUBM: A benchmark for OWL knowledge base systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

We describe our method for benchmarking Semantic Web knowledge base systems with respect to use in large OWL applications. We present the Lehigh University Benchmark (LUBM) as an example of how to design such benchmarks. The LUBM features an ontology for the university domain, synthetic OWL data scalable to an arbitrary size, 14 extensional queries representing a variety of properties,

Yuanbo Guo; Zhengxiang Pan; Jeff Heflin

2005-01-01

376

The Michigan Benchmark: A Microbenchmark for XML Query Processing Systems  

E-print Network

The Michigan Benchmark: A Microbenchmark for XML Query Processing Systems£ Kanda Runapongsa Jignesh The University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA krunapon, jignesh, jag, shurug @eecs is called the Michigan benchmark. In the Michigan benchmark, we primarily attempt to capture the rich

Runapongsa, Kanda

377

Architectural Requirements and Scalability of the NAS Parallel Benchmarks  

E-print Network

Architectural Requirements and Scalability of the NAS Parallel Benchmarks Frederick C. Wong and scalability of the NAS Parallel Benchmarks. We find that the local processor and memory systems dominate both the overall performance and scalability of the NAS parallel benchmarks, as opposed to the communication

Culler, David E.

378

XcalableMP implementation and performance of NAS Parallel Benchmarks  

Microsoft Academic Search

XcalableMP is a parallel extension of existing languages, such as C and Fortran, that was proposed as a new programming model to facilitate program parallel applications for distributed memory systems. In order to investigate the performance of parallel programs written in XcalableMP, we have implemented NAS Parallel Benchmarks, specifically, the Embarrassingly Parallel (EP) benchmark, the Integer Sort (IS) benchmark, and

Masahiro Nakao; Jinpil Lee; Taisuke Boku; Mitsuhisa Sato

2010-01-01

379

The Embedded Java Benchmark Suite JemBench Martin Schoeberl  

E-print Network

, application, parallel, and streaming benchmarks. 1. INTRODUCTION Benchmarks are important for the developmentThe Embedded Java Benchmark Suite JemBench Martin Schoeberl Department of Informatics to embedded systems increase steadily. In parallel, also the performance of the processors used

Schoeberl, Martin

380

Architectural Requirements and Scalability of the NAS Parallel Benchmarks  

E-print Network

1 Architectural Requirements and Scalability of the NAS Parallel Benchmarks Frederick C. Wong of the NAS Parallel Benchmarks. Through direct measurements and simulations, we identify the factors which. 1 Introduction The NAS Parallel Benchmarks (NPB) are widely used to evaluate parallel machines [19

Arpaci-Dusseau, Remzi

381

NAS Parallel Benchmark Results D. H. Bailey L. Dagum  

E-print Network

NAS Parallel Benchmark Results D. H. Bailey L. Dagum E. Barszcz H. D. Simon NAS Applied Research 94035 Moffett Field, CA 94035 Abstract The NAS Parallel Benchmarks have been developed at NASA Ames the NAS Parallel Benchmarks. These results represent the best results that have been reported to us

Bailey, David H.

382

Using Software Architectural Patterns for Synthetic Embedded Multicore Benchmark Development  

E-print Network

GPUs, EEMBC [3] contains applications for embedded systems, and NAS parallel benchmarks [4] containUsing Software Architectural Patterns for Synthetic Embedded Multicore Benchmark Development Etem.holt@freescale.com,jholt@csail.mit.edu}, brian.kahne@freescale.com Abstract--Benchmarks capture the essence of many impor- tant real

Sen, Alper

383

Unstructured Adaptive (UA) NAS Parallel Benchmark, Version 1.0  

Microsoft Academic Search

We present a complete specification of a new benchmark for measuring the perfor- mance of modern computer systems when solving scientific problems featuring irregular, dynamic memory accesses. It complements the existing NAS Parallel Benchmark suite. The benchmark involves the solution of a stylized heat transfer problem in a cubic domain, discretized on an adaptively refined, unstructured mesh.

Huiyu Feng; Rob F. Van der Wijngaart; Rupak Biswas; Catherine Mavriplis

2004-01-01

384

DPF: A Data Parallel Fortran Benchmark S. Lennart Johnsson  

E-print Network

DPF: A Data Parallel Fortran Benchmark Suite Yu Hu S. Lennart Johnsson Dimitris Kehagias Nadia, Massachusetts #12; DPF: A Data Parallel Fortran Benchmark Suite y Yu Hu z , S. Lennart Johnsson zx , Dimitris Kehagias z and Nadia Shalaby z November 10, 1996 Abstract The Data Parallel Fortran (DPF) benchmark suite

Johnsson, S. Lennart

385

Performance Characteristics of the Multi-Zone NAS Parallel Benchmarks  

Microsoft Academic Search

We describe a new suite of computational benchmarks that models applications featuring multiple levels of parallelism. Such parallelism is often available in realistic flow computations on systems of grids, but had not previously been captured in bench- marks. The new suite, named NPB Multi-Zone, is extended from the NAS Parallel Benchmarks suite, and involves solving the application benchmarks LU, BT

Haoqiang Jin; Rob F. Van Der Wijngaart

2004-01-01

386

HPC in Java: Experiences in Implementing the NAS Parallel Benchmarks  

E-print Network

HPC in Java: Experiences in Implementing the NAS Parallel Benchmarks BRIAN AMEDRO, DENIS CAROMEL version of the Nas Parallel Benchmarks. We first briefly describe the implementation and the performance AND COMMUNICATIONS (2010)" #12;sues. Section 5 presents the results obtained with the NAS Parallel Benchmarks on two

Boyer, Edmond

387

A practical study of UPC using the NAS Parallel Benchmarks  

Microsoft Academic Search

We describe a performance study of the UPC PGAS model applied to three application benchmarks from the NAS Parallel Benchmark suite. The work focuses on the performance implications of programming choices made for data affinity and data access. We compare runs of multiple versions of each benchmark encoded in UPC on both shared-memory and cluster-based parallel systems. This study points

Haoqiang Jin; Robert Hood; Piyush Mehrotra

2009-01-01

388

Architectural Requirements and Scalability of the NAS Parallel Benchmarks  

E-print Network

Architectural Requirements and Scalability of the NAS Parallel Benchmarks Frederick C. Wong and scalability of the NAS Parallel Benchmarks. We find that many complex factors affect performance. Of these Introduction The NAS Parallel Benchmarks (NPB) are widely used to evaluate parallel machines. To date, every

Culler, David E.

389

Unstructured Adaptive (UA) NAS Parallel Benchmark. Version 1.0  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

We present a complete specification of a new benchmark for measuring the performance of modern computer systems when solving scientific problems featuring irregular, dynamic memory accesses. It complements the existing NAS Parallel Benchmark suite. The benchmark involves the solution of a stylized heat transfer problem in a cubic domain, discretized on an adaptively refined, unstructured mesh.

Feng, Huiyu; VanderWijngaart, Rob; Biswas, Rupak; Mavriplis, Catherine

2004-01-01

390

A Mutation Analysis Based Benchmarking Framework for Clone Detectors  

E-print Network

A Mutation Analysis Based Benchmarking Framework for Clone Detectors Jeffrey Svajlenko* Chanchal K paper we show how a mutation analysis based benchmarking framework can be used by developers--Evaluation, Benchmarking, Clone Detection, Mutation Analysis, Framework. I. INTRODUCTION The performance of clone detection

Cordy, James R.

391

Taking Stock of Corporate Benchmarking Practices: Panacea or Pandora's Box?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses why corporate communications/public relations (cc/pr) should be benchmarked (an approach used by cc/pr managers to demonstrate the value of their activities to skeptical organizational executives). Discusses myths about cc/pr benchmarking; types, targets, and focus of cc/pr benchmarking; a process model; and critical decisions about…

Fleisher, Craig S.; Burton, Sara

1995-01-01

392

NAS Grid Benchmarks: A Tool for Grid Space Exploration  

Microsoft Academic Search

We present a benchmark suite for computational grids in this paper. It is based on the NAS Parallel Benchmarks (NPB) and is called the NAS Grid Benchmark (NGB). We present NGB as a data flow graph encapsulating an instance of an NPB code in each graph node, which communicates with other nodes by sending\\/receiving initialization data. These nodes may be

Michael A. Frumkin; Rob F. Van Der Wijngaart

2001-01-01

393

Building energy performance benchmarking and simulation under tropical climatic conditions  

Microsoft Academic Search

Benchmarking is a management approach to identify best practices, find reasons of success and develop recommendations and implementa- tion for improvement. Method of building en- ergy performance benchmarking is discussed in this paper. A database of office buildings in Singapore was presented and used as example for the data analysis and benchmarking method discussion. Concepts of controllable and uncon- trollable

H. Sun; S. E. Lee; R. M. T. Priyadarsini; X. Wu; Y. Chia; H.-S. Majid

394

7 CFR 810.2005 - Special grades and special grade requirements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Special grades and special grade requirements. 810.2005 Section 810.2005 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture...Special Grades and Special Grade Requirements § 810.2005 Special grades and special grade requirements....

2010-01-01

395

Thinking Maps: An innovative way to increase sixth-grade student achievement in social studies  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The purpose of this quantitative study was to determine the effect of Thinking Maps on the achievement of 6th-grade social studies students in order to determine its effectiveness. The population of this study came from a suburban middle school in the state of Georgia. The quantitative data included a pretest and posttest. The study was designed to find (a) whether there is a significant difference between the mean posttest scores on the benchmark test of 6th-grade students who are taught with either Thinking Maps or traditional social studies methods, (b) whether there is a significant difference between the mean posttest scores on the benchmark test of 6th-grade male versus female social studies students, and (c) whether there is a significant interaction between 6th-grade students' type of social studies class and gender as to differentially affect their mean posttest scores on the benchmark test. To answer these questions, students' pretest and posttest were compared to determine if there was a statistically significant difference after Thinking Maps were implemented with the treatment group for 9 weeks. The results indicate that there was no significant difference in the test scores between the students who were taught with Thinking Maps and the students who were taught without Thinking Maps. However, the students taught with Thinking Maps had the higher adjusted posttest scores.

Reed, Tamita

396

Buckling of graded coatings: A continuum model  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Requirements for the protection of hot section components in many high temperature applications such as earth-to-orbit winged planes and advanced turbine systems have led to the application of thermal barrier coatings (TBCs) that utilize ceramic coatings on metal substrates. An alternative concept to homogeneous ceramic coatings is the functionally graded materials (FGM) in which the composition of the coating is intentionally graded to improve the bonding strength and to reduce the magnitude of the residual and thermal stresses. A widely observed failure mode in such layered systems is known to be interface cracking that leads to spallation fracture. In most cases, the final stage of the failure process for a thin coating appears to be due to buckling instability under thermally or mechanically induced compressive stress. The objective of this study is to develop a solution to the buckling instability problem by using continuum elasticity rather than a structural mechanics approach. The emphasis in the solution will be on the investigation of the effect of material inhomogeneity in graded coatings on the instability load, the postbuckling behavior, and fracture mechanics parameters such as the stress intensity factors and strain energy release rate. In this analysis, a nonlinear continuum theory is employed to examine the interface crack problem. The analytical solution of the instability problem permits the study of the effect of material inhomogeneity upon the inception of buckling and establishes benchmark results for the numerical solutions of related problems. To study the postbuckling behavior and to calculate the stress intensity factors and strain energy release rate a geometrically nonlinear finite element procedure with enriched crack-tip element is developed. Both plane strain and axisymmetric interface crack problems in TBCs with either homogeneous or graded coating are then considered by using the finite element procedure. It is assumed that the applied load is a uniform temperature drop. Comparison of the results with that obtained from the plate approximation shows that because of the higher constraints the plate theory predicts greater instability strains and lower strain energy release rates. It is also observed that compared with a homogeneous coating the graded coating gives lower strain energy release rate because of the lower thermal residual stress and higher bending stiffness. (Abstract shortened by UMI.)

Chiu, Tz-Cheng

2000-12-01

397

Technical Adequacy of the easyCBM Reading Measures (Grades 3-7), 2009-2010 Version. Technical Report #1005  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this series of studies, we investigated the technical adequacy of three curriculum-based measures used as benchmarks and for monitoring progress in three critical reading- related skills: fluency, reading comprehension, and vocabulary. In particular, we examined the following easyCBM measurement across grades 3-7 at fall, winter, and spring…

Saez, Leilani; Park, Bitnara; Nese, Joseph F. T.; Jamgochian, Elisa; Lai, Cheng-Fei; Anderson, Daniel; Kamata, Akihito; Alonzo, Julie; Tindal, Gerald

2010-01-01

398

Internal Consistency of the easyCBM© CCSS Reading Measures: Grades 3-8. Technical Report #1407  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This technical report documents findings from a study of the internal consistency and split-half reliability of the easyCBM© CCSS Reading measures, grades 3-8. Data, drawn from an extant data set gathered in school year 2013-2014, include scores from over 150,000 students' fall and winter benchmark assessments. Findings suggest that the…

Guerreiro, Meg; Alonzo, Julie; Tindal, Gerald

2014-01-01

399

A Program Evaluation of ClassScape Used in 3rd Grade Classes in a Rural County in North Carolina  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The research study will examine the impact of using the ClassScape program and targeted interventions on 3rd grade reading levels of performance. The conceptual and theoretical framework for the study suggests the need to connect formative, benchmark, and summative assessments in North Carolina. Furthermore, the review of the literature will…

Rogers, Misha Neely

2012-01-01

400

Benchmark On Sensitivity Calculation (Phase III)  

SciTech Connect

The sensitivities of the keff eigenvalue to neutron cross sections have become commonly used in similarity studies and as part of the validation algorithm for criticality safety assessments. To test calculations of the sensitivity coefficients, a benchmark study (Phase III) has been established by the OECD-NEA/WPNCS/EG UACSA (Expert Group on Uncertainty Analysis for Criticality Safety Assessment). This paper presents some sensitivity results generated by the benchmark participants using various computational tools based upon different computational methods: SCALE/TSUNAMI-3D and -1D, MONK, APOLLO2-MORET 5, DRAGON-SUSD3D and MMKKENO. The study demonstrates the performance of the tools. It also illustrates how model simplifications impact the sensitivity results and demonstrates the importance of 'implicit' (self-shielding) sensitivities. This work has been a useful step towards verification of the existing and developed sensitivity analysis methods.

Ivanova, Tatiana [IRSN; Laville, Cedric [IRSN; Dyrda, James [Atomic Weapons Establishment; Mennerdahl, Dennis [E. Mennerdahl Systems; Golovko, Yury [Institute of Physics and Power Engineering (IPPE), Obninsk, Russia; Raskach, Kirill [Institute of Physics and Power Engineering (IPPE), Obninsk, Russia; Tsiboulia, Anatoly [Institute of Physics and Power Engineering (IPPE), Obninsk, Russia; Lee, Gil Soo [Korea Institute of Nuclear Safety (KINS); Woo, Sweng-Woong [Korea Institute of Nuclear Safety (KINS); Bidaud, Adrien [Labratoire de Physique Subatomique et de Cosmolo-gie (LPSC); Patel, Amrit [NRC; Bledsoe, Keith C [ORNL; Rearden, Bradley T [ORNL; Gulliford, J. [OECD Nuclear Energy Agency

2012-01-01

401

Assessing and benchmarking multiphoton microscopes for biologists.  

PubMed

Multiphoton microscopy has become staple tool for tracking cells within tissues and organs due to superior depth of penetration, low excitation volumes, and reduced phototoxicity. Many factors, ranging from laser pulse width to relay optics to detectors and electronics, contribute to the overall ability of these microscopes to excite and detect fluorescence deep within tissues. However, we have found that there are few standard ways already described in the literature to distinguish between microscopes or to benchmark existing microscopes to measure the overall quality and efficiency of these instruments. Here, we discuss some simple parameters and methods that can either be used within a multiphoton facility or by a prospective purchaser to benchmark performance. This can both assist in identifying decay in microscope performance and in choosing features of a scope that are suited to experimental needs. PMID:24974026

Corbin, Kaitlin; Pinkard, Henry; Peck, Sebastian; Beemiller, Peter; Krummel, Matthew F

2014-01-01

402

Optimal Quantum Control Using Randomized Benchmarking  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We present a method for optimizing quantum control in experimental systems, using a subset of randomized benchmarking measurements to rapidly infer error. This is demonstrated to improve single- and two-qubit gates, minimize gate bleedthrough, where a gate mechanism can cause errors on subsequent gates, and identify control crosstalk in superconducting qubits. This method is able to correct parameters so that control errors no longer dominate and is suitable for automated and closed-loop optimization of experimental systems.

Kelly, J.; Barends, R.; Campbell, B.; Chen, Y.; Chen, Z.; Chiaro, B.; Dunsworth, A.; Fowler, A. G.; Hoi, I.-C.; Jeffrey, E.; Megrant, A.; Mutus, J.; Neill, C.; O'Malley, P. J. J.; Quintana, C.; Roushan, P.; Sank, D.; Vainsencher, A.; Wenner, J.; White, T. C.; Cleland, A. N.; Martinis, John M.

2014-06-01

403

Toxicological benchmarks for wildlife. Environmental Restoration Program  

Microsoft Academic Search

This report presents toxicological benchmarks for assessment of effects of 55 chemicals on six representative mammalian wildlife species (short-tailed shrew, white-footed mouse, cottontail ink, red fox, and whitetail deer) and eight avian wildlife species (American robin, woodcock, wild turkey, belted kingfisher, great blue heron, barred owl, Cooper`s hawk, and redtailed hawk) (scientific names are presented in Appendix C). These species

D. M. Opresko; G. W. Suter

1993-01-01

404

Optimal quantum control using randomized benchmarking.  

PubMed

We present a method for optimizing quantum control in experimental systems, using a subset of randomized benchmarking measurements to rapidly infer error. This is demonstrated to improve single- and two-qubit gates, minimize gate bleedthrough, where a gate mechanism can cause errors on subsequent gates, and identify control crosstalk in superconducting qubits. This method is able to correct parameters so that control errors no longer dominate and is suitable for automated and closed-loop optimization of experimental systems. PMID:24996075

Kelly, J; Barends, R; Campbell, B; Chen, Y; Chen, Z; Chiaro, B; Dunsworth, A; Fowler, A G; Hoi, I-C; Jeffrey, E; Megrant, A; Mutus, J; Neill, C; O'Malley, P J J; Quintana, C; Roushan, P; Sank, D; Vainsencher, A; Wenner, J; White, T C; Cleland, A N; Martinis, John M

2014-06-20

405

Aeroelasticity Benchmark Assessment: Subsonic Fixed Wing Program  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The fundamental technical challenge in computational aeroelasticity is the accurate prediction of unsteady aerodynamic phenomena and the effect on the aeroelastic response of a vehicle. Currently, a benchmarking standard for use in validating the accuracy of computational aeroelasticity codes does not exist. Many aeroelastic data sets have been obtained in wind-tunnel and flight testing throughout the world; however, none have been globally presented or accepted as an ideal data set. There are numerous reasons for this. One reason is that often, such aeroelastic data sets focus on the aeroelastic phenomena alone (flutter, for example) and do not contain associated information such as unsteady pressures and time-correlated structural dynamic deflections. Other available data sets focus solely on the unsteady pressures and do not address the aeroelastic phenomena. Other discrepancies can include omission of relevant data, such as flutter frequency and / or the acquisition of only qualitative deflection data. In addition to these content deficiencies, all of the available data sets present both experimental and computational technical challenges. Experimental issues include facility influences, nonlinearities beyond those being modeled, and data processing. From the computational perspective, technical challenges include modeling geometric complexities, coupling between the flow and the structure, grid issues, and boundary conditions. The Aeroelasticity Benchmark Assessment task seeks to examine the existing potential experimental data sets and ultimately choose the one that is viewed as the most suitable for computational benchmarking. An initial computational evaluation of that configuration will then be performed using the Langley-developed computational fluid dynamics (CFD) software FUN3D1 as part of its code validation process. In addition to the benchmarking activity, this task also includes an examination of future research directions. Researchers within the Aeroelasticity Branch will examine other experimental efforts within the Subsonic Fixed Wing (SFW) program (such as testing of the NASA Common Research Model (CRM)) and other NASA programs and assess aeroelasticity issues and research topics.

Florance, Jennifer P.; Chwalowski, Pawel; Wieseman, Carol D.

2010-01-01

406

Developing Alternative Assessments using the Benchmarks  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Written from the perspective of a classroom teacher, this article describes a process for developing alternative assessments, provides examples of alternative assessment tasks and student responses, amd illustrates the use of scoring rubrics. The examples use the AAAS Benchmarks for Science Literacy and the National Science Education Standards to identify learning goals. This resource is intended for use in the classroom by K-12 teachers.

1997-01-01

407

Parallel Benchmarks of Turbulence in Complex Geometries  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we present benchmark results from the parallel implementation ofthe three--dimensional Navier--Stokes solver Prism on different parallel platformsof current interest: IBM SP2 (all three types of processors), SGI Power ChallengeXL and Cray C90. The numerical method is based on mixed spectral element--Fourier expansions in (x \\\\Gamma y) and z \\\\Gammadirections, respectively. Each (or a group) ofFourier modes can

Catherine H. Crawford; Constantinos Evangelinos; David Newman; George Em Karniadakis

1995-01-01

408

Parallel benchmarks of turbulence in complex geometries  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we present benchmark results from the parallel implementation of the three-dimensional Navier-Stokes solver Prism on different parallel platforms of current interest: IBM SP2 (all three types of processors), SGI Power Challenge XL and Cray C90. The numerical method is based on mixed spectral element-Fourier expansions in (x ? y) and z-directions, respectively. Each one (or a group)

Catherine H. Crawford; Constantinos Evangelinos; David Newman; George Em Karniadakis

1996-01-01

409

The PRIOmark Parallel I\\/O-Benchmark  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper introduces the novel I\\/O benchmark PRIOmark that measures file system and disk I\\/O performance of modern computer systems. It characterizes the file system performance of single and distributed systems by means of two different file system interfaces. Disk I\\/O performance is measured using the operating system specific raw- devices. PRIOmark features the possibility of a complex workload definition

Michael Krietemeyer; Daniel Versick; Djamshid Tavangarian

2005-01-01

410

Parallel Cfd Benchmarks on Cray Computers  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we present benchmark results from the parallel implementation of the three-dimensional Navier-Stokes solver Prism [1] on the Cray T3D, We compare the single processor performance with other Cray computers, namely the Cray C90, J90 and EL98, as well as Digital Equipment Corporation's DEC 3000\\/500 (which uses the same processor as the T3D) and AlphaServer 8400 5\\/300 (which

Constantinos Evangelinos; GEORGE EM KARNIADAKIS

1996-01-01

411

A Simplified HTTR Diffusion Theory Benchmark  

SciTech Connect

The Georgia Institute of Technology (GA-Tech) recently developed a transport theory benchmark based closely on the geometry and the features of the HTTR reactor that is operational in Japan. Though simplified, the benchmark retains all the principal physical features of the reactor and thus provides a realistic and challenging test for the codes. The purpose of this paper is twofold. The first goal is an extension of the benchmark to diffusion theory applications by generating the additional data not provided in the GA-Tech prior work. The second goal is to use the benchmark on the HEXPEDITE code available to the INL. The HEXPEDITE code is a Green’s function-based neutron diffusion code in 3D hexagonal-z geometry. The results showed that the HEXPEDITE code accurately reproduces the effective multiplication factor of the reference HELIOS solution. A secondary, but no less important, conclusion is that in the testing against actual HTTR data of a full sequence of codes that would include HEXPEDITE, in the apportioning of inevitable discrepancies between experiment and models, the portion of error attributable to HEXPEDITE would be expected to be modest. If large discrepancies are observed, they would have to be explained by errors in the data fed into HEXPEDITE. Results based on a fully realistic model of the HTTR reactor are presented in a companion paper. The suite of codes used in that paper also includes HEXPEDITE. The results shown here should help that effort in the decision making process for refining the modeling steps in the full sequence of codes.

Rodolfo M. Ferrer; Abderrafi M. Ougouag; Farzad Rahnema

2010-10-01

412

A protein-protein docking benchmark  

Microsoft Academic Search

We have developed a nonredun- dant benchmark for testing protein-protein dock- ing algorithms. Currently it contains 59 test cases: 22 enzyme-inhibitor complexes, 19 antibody-antigen complexes, 11 other complexes, and 7 difficult test cases. Thirty-one of the test cases, for which the unbound structures of both the receptor and ligand are available, are classified as follows: 16 enzyme- inhibitor, 5 antibody-antigen,

Rong Chen; Julian Mintseris; Zhiping Weng

2003-01-01

413

SINBAD: Shielding integral benchmark archive and database  

SciTech Connect

SINBAD is a new electronic database developed to store a variety of radiation shielding benchmark data so that users can easily retrieve and incorporate the data into their calculations. SINBAD is an excellent data source for users who require the quality assurance necessary in developing cross-section libraries or radiation transport codes. The future needs of the scientific community are best served by the electronic database format of SINBAD and its user-friendly interface, combined with its data accuracy and integrity.

Hunter, H.T.; Ingersoll, D.T.; Roussin, R.W. [and others

1996-04-01

414

Deterministic solutions for 3D Kobayashi benchmarks  

Microsoft Academic Search

We present results for the set of three-dimensional radiation transport benchmark problems with void region proposed by Kobayashi. Reference solutions for the pure absorber cases were obtained by direct quadrature. All cases were calculated by the three-dimensional discrete ordinates nodal and characteristics code IDT. The discrete ordinates results for the pure-absorber case suffer strongly from ray effects which remain present

Igor Zmijarevic; Richard Sanchez

2001-01-01

415

Career Awareness: Grade 2.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A broad educational background is necessary to meet ever changing occupational fields, and career education is an approach incorporating career information within the regular school curriculum. For the elementary level, career awareness is the main thrust in this program to integrate students and community. The format for grade two, performance…

Boise City Independent School District, ID.

416

Career Awareness: Grade 6.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A broad educational background is necessary to meet ever changing occupational fields, and career education is an approach incorporating career information within the regular school curriculum. For the elementary level, career awareness is the main thrust in this program to integrate students and community. The format for grade six, performance…

Boise City Independent School District, ID.

417

National History. Grade 4.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This textbook is the last in the national history series developed by the Ministry of Education in Saigon and used in all public schools in Vietnam. The three books in this series have been reprinted in their entirety from the original editions for use in elementary schools in the United States which have Vietnamese students. The grade 4 text…

Pham-Van-Trong; Pham-Thi Ngoc-Dung

418

Computer grading of examinations  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A method, using IBM cards and computer processing, automates examination grading and recording and permits use of computational problems. The student generates his own answers, and the instructor has much greater freedom in writing questions than is possible with multiple choice examinations.

Frigerio, N. A.

1969-01-01

419

ARITHMETIC, GRADE FIVE.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

FIFTH GRADE WORK SHOULD CONTINUE THE SEQUENTIAL DEVELOPMENT OF MATHEMATICAL UNDERSTANDINGS AND COMPUTATIONAL SKILLS. THE PROBLEMS APPROACH SHOULD BE USED SO CHILDREN MAY DISCOVER MATHEMATICAL TRUTHS AND ARRIVE AT GENERALIZATIONS. THE NUMBER SYSTEM UNIT SHOULD EMPHASIZE THE ABILITY TO READ AND WRITE NUMERALS TO SIX PLACES AND THE ABILITY TO READ…

GARBER, CLAIRE N.

420

Thefollowingactionsareexamplesofscholasticdishonesty Copying graded homework!  

E-print Network

Thefollowingactionsareexamplesofscholasticdishonesty Copying graded homework! Working together on a take home test or homework when specifically prohibited by the professor! Looking at another student that appeared on the exam! Giving or selling a term paper or class work to another student! Copying homework

Lachniet, Matthew S.

421

Economics of Grade Reduction  

E-print Network

A Study of the General Principles of the Economics to Be Effected By the Reduction of Grades, the Elimination of Rise and Fall and Curvature, and the Bettering of the Other Physical Condition on the ST. Louis & San Francisco Railroad Lines....

Neff, Paul J.

1914-02-10

422

Grades as Information  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We determine how much observed student performance in microeconomics principles can be attributed, inferentially, to three kinds of student academic "productivity," the instructor, demographics, and unmeasurables. The empirical approach utilizes an ordered probit model that relates student performance in micro to grades in prior coursework,…

Grant, Darren

2007-01-01

423

Social Studies: Grade 8.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This Manitoba (Canada) curriculum guide for eighth grade social studies students contains suggested teaching strategies and learning activities in four units covering: (1) life during prehistoric and early historic times; (2) ancient civilizations; (3) life in early modern Europe; and (4) life in the modern world. Each unit includes an overview,…

Manitoba Dept. of Education, Winnipeg.

424

World Cultures Grade 3  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Grade 3 Standard2 Objective 1 Objective: Students will learn to identify elements of cultures in the seven different continents. Assignment: You have just been hired to be a travel agent. Your first customer wants to take a trip around a continent. To be a good travel agent ...

Ms. Shunn-Mitchell

2008-11-25

425

Flower gardens (grade 3)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a sample PARCC assessment task based on CCSS grade 3 fraction standards. In this interactive three-part task students reason about fractions used to represent area or a location on a number line. Included are the alignments to the CCSS, a scoring rubric, and background on the task itself.

2013-01-01

426

Elementary Science: Grade 5.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This grade 5 science curriculum guide contains four activity units: (1) mineral identification; (2) earth science; (3) soil analysis; and (4) small friends community. Each unit contains a letter to the parents to introduce the unit, lesson plans, and word searches. The lesson plans list the science processes involved, content objectives,…

Carroll County Public Schools, Westminster, MD.

427

Alternatives to ABC Grades.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The best reporting procedure for any school or school district can be determined only after careful study of the needs and philosophy of the educational program. Whatever the choice of evaluation process, it should be focused on the individual rather than on a group, be skill- or criterion-based, be adaptable on a multi-grade-level range, be…

Warner, Thomas R.

428

American Independence. Fifth Grade.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This fifth grade teaching unit covers early conflicts between the American colonies and Britain, battles of the American Revolutionary War, and the Declaration of Independence. Knowledge goals address the pre-revolutionary acts enforced by the British, the concepts of conflict and independence, and the major events and significant people from the…

Crosby, Annette

429

Graphing for Any Grade.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An instructional sequence for teaching graphing that has been extensively field tested in kindergarten through grade six is detailed. The material begins with point graphs, employs a movable y-axis to begin with minimal clutter, and has graphs constructed before reading graphs is required. (MP)

Nibbelink, William

1982-01-01

430

INTEGRATED MATHEMATICS GRADE 7.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

OF THE SEVEN OBJECTIVES STATED, TWO MAY BE UNIQUE. THEY ARE (1) TO GIVE PUPILS MASTERY OF THE BASIC MATHEMATICS FORMERLY COVERED IN GRADES 7 AND 8--THE FUNDAMENTAL OPERATIONS, PERCENTAGE, MEASUREMENT, FORMULAS, PROBLEMS, AND GEOMETRIC CONCEPTS AND CONSTRUCTIONS, AND (2) TO INTRODUCE THE BASIC CONCEPTS, TERMINOLOGY, AND SYMBOLISM OF CONTEMPORARY…

THOMPSON, ROSE M.; AND OTHERS

431

Perspective: Selected benchmarks from commercial CFD codes  

SciTech Connect

This paper summarizes the results of a series of five benchmark simulations which were completed using commercial Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) codes. These simulations were performed by the vendors themselves, and then reported by them in ASME`s CFD Triathlon Forum and CFD Biathlon Forum. The first group of benchmarks consisted of three laminar flow problems. These were the steady, two-dimensional flow over a backward-facing step, the low Reynolds number flow around a circular cylinder, and the unsteady three-dimensional flow in a shear-driven cubical cavity. The second group of benchmarks consisted of two turbulent flow problems. These were the two-dimensional flow around a square cylinder with periodic separated flow phenomena, and the stead, three-dimensional flow in a 180-degree square bend. All simulation results were evaluated against existing experimental data nd thereby satisfied item 10 of the Journal`s policy statement for numerical accuracy. The objective of this exercise was to provide the engineering and scientific community with a common reference point for the evaluation of commercial CFD codes.

Freitas, C.J. [Southwest Research Inst., San Antonio, TX (United States). Computational Mechanics Section

1995-06-01

432

Grade Appeal Form BOISE STATE UNIVERSITY  

E-print Network

Grade Appeal Form 5/2011 BOISE STATE UNIVERSITY BSU Policy #3130 Grade Appeal (Please Print Fall Other Course Number Course Name Section Instructor Name Department GRADE APPEAL: As stated in BSU Policy # 3130 - Grade Appeal, a grade appeal is a complaint regarding a final course grade. Grade appeals

Barrash, Warren

433

Rigorous Grading Does Not Raise Standards: It Only Lowers Grades.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses "grade inflation," and the pressure on instructors to "play grade roll politics to save their own professional hides." Argues that the grade deflation movement works at cross purposes with its goal of elevating academic standards, and that it is at odds with composition theory and its process pedagogy. Suggests portfolio assessment as…

Agnew, Eleanor

1995-01-01

434

A Note on Grading Policies and Grade Inflation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Results of a study of the relationship between students' propensities to withdraw from a course and the faculty member's grading in that course show that students do use the option to withdraw from courses when grades tend to be low in order to protect their grade point averages. (JMD)

Geisinger, Kurt F.

1979-01-01

435

Graded Readers: How the Publishers Make the Grade  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Publishing graded readers is big business, but there is evidence that the texts themselves are not being read in sufficient quantity to improve language proficiency. This article reports on a study of graded readers, focusing on interviews with some major publishers of graded readers, to investigate their production rationales. The findings…

Claridge, Gillian

2012-01-01

436

Study Materials Relating to Grades and Grading Systems.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The validity of traditional grading practices is currently under study at Grossmont College. This report was undertaken as a working base for a committee to study the grading policy. Arguments both for and against traditional grading methods are presented in outline form. The arguments are taken from pertinent journal articles or books that are…

Smith, Lawrence G., Comp.

437

Grade Inflation: Metaphor and Reality  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Grade inflation has become a general term for teachers and administrators in recent times and is an ambiguous denomination which needs to be identified. The allegory and reality of grade inflation is discussed.

Kamber, Richard; Biggs, Mary

2003-01-01

438

Taking the Grading Conversation Public  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To manage effective grading reform, education leaders must engage teachers, parents, communities, and policymakers in a rational discussion about grading. Doug Reeves suggests that leaders start the conversation with a discussion of the principles on which all stakeholders can agree; make clear what will not change under the new grading policy; be…

Reeves, Douglas B.

2011-01-01

439

How Accurate Is Peer Grading?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Previously we showed that weekly, written, timed, and peer-graded practice exams help increase student performance on written exams and decrease failure rates in an introductory biology course. Here we analyze the accuracy of peer grading, based on a comparison of student scores to those assigned by a professional grader. When students graded

Freeman, Scott; Parks, John W.

2010-01-01

440

High-Grade Gliomas  

Microsoft Academic Search

Opinion statement  High-grade gliomas (HGGs) should be treated with maximal, safe surgical resection followed by 57–60 Gy of partial-field external\\u000a beam or intensity-modulated radiotherapy to a 2 cm margin surrounding the resection cavity. The standard of care for newly\\u000a diagnosed glioblastoma includes concurrent temozolomide (TMZ) during radiotherapy and adjuvant TMZ for six or more cycles.\\u000a The optimal role of chemotherapy in anaplastic gliomas

Brett J. Theeler; Morris D. Groves

441

Low-Grade Astrocytomas  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Glial tumors constitute approximately 50% of newly diagnosed primary brain tumors, with low-grade gliomas (LGG) accounting\\u000a for approximately 15% of all brain tumors in adults [21]. The subset of tumors classified as LGG represents a heterogeneous\\u000a group of tumors with astrocytic, oligodendroglial, ependymal, or mixed cellular histologies. In the adult population, the\\u000a term LGG typically refers to the diffuse, infiltrating

Nader Sanai; Mitchel S. Berger

442

School Mural ( Grade 3)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a sample PARCC assessment task based on CCSS grade 3 operations and algebraic thinking standards as well as the measurement and data standards. In this interactive multi-step task students must write a number sentence that can be used to find how many tiles high the mural is at school and then show the value of the Distributive Property in solving a problem. Included are the alignments to the CCSS, a scoring rubric and background on the task itself.

2013-01-01

443

Fourth Grade Lab Activities  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

These are a collection of sites related to the Fourth Grade CORE, to be explored in the computer lab. For SCIENCE explorations click below. 1. Clouds and the water cycle at the Enchanted Learning site. 2. Look at the Cloud Man&s pictures of clouds. 3. Cloud Types 4. Clouds and Precipitation: online meteorology guide 5. The Dirt on Soil 6. The Dirt on Soil 7. Soil Horizons For MATH activities click below. Math activities "A" ...

Boissonnault, Ms.

2005-06-23

444

Development of a California commercial building benchmarking database  

SciTech Connect

Building energy benchmarking is a useful starting point for commercial building owners and operators to target energy savings opportunities. There are a number of tools and methods for benchmarking energy use. Benchmarking based on regional data can provides more relevant information for California buildings than national tools such as Energy Star. This paper discusses issues related to benchmarking commercial building energy use and the development of Cal-Arch, a building energy benchmarking database for California. Currently Cal-Arch uses existing survey data from California's Commercial End Use Survey (CEUS), a largely underutilized wealth of information collected by California's major utilities. Doe's Commercial Building Energy Consumption Survey (CBECS) is used by a similar tool, Arch, and by a number of other benchmarking tools. Future versions of Arch/Cal-Arch will utilize additional data sources including modeled data and individual buildings to expand the database.

Kinney, Satkartar; Piette, Mary Ann

2002-05-17

445

7 CFR 810.404 - Grades and grade requirements for corn.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...false Grades and grade requirements for corn. 810.404 Section 810.404 Agriculture...FOR GRAIN United States Standards for Corn Principles Governing the Application...404 Grades and grade requirements for corn. Grade Minimum test weight per...

2012-01-01

446

7 CFR 810.404 - Grades and grade requirements for corn.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...false Grades and grade requirements for corn. 810.404 Section 810.404 Agriculture...FOR GRAIN United States Standards for Corn Principles Governing the Application...404 Grades and grade requirements for corn. Grade Minimum test weight per...

2013-01-01

447

7 CFR 810.404 - Grades and grade requirements for corn.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...false Grades and grade requirements for corn. 810.404 Section 810.404 Agriculture...FOR GRAIN United States Standards for Corn Principles Governing the Application...404 Grades and grade requirements for corn. Grade Minimum test weight per...

2011-01-01

448

7 CFR 810.404 - Grades and grade requirements for corn.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...false Grades and grade requirements for corn. 810.404 Section 810.404 Agriculture...FOR GRAIN United States Standards for Corn Principles Governing the Application...404 Grades and grade requirements for corn. Grade Minimum test weight per...

2010-01-01

449

7 CFR 810.404 - Grades and grade requirements for corn.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...false Grades and grade requirements for corn. 810.404 Section 810.404 Agriculture...FOR GRAIN United States Standards for Corn Principles Governing the Application...404 Grades and grade requirements for corn. Grade Minimum test weight per...

2014-01-01

450

7 CFR 810.1204 - Grades and grade requirements for rye.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...false Grades and grade requirements for rye. 810.1204 Section 810.1204 Agriculture...FOR GRAIN United States Standards for Rye Principles Governing the Application of...1204 Grades and grade requirements for rye. Grade Minimum test weight per...

2014-01-01

451

7 CFR 810.1204 - Grades and grade requirements for rye.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...false Grades and grade requirements for rye. 810.1204 Section 810.1204 Agriculture...FOR GRAIN United States Standards for Rye Principles Governing the Application of...1204 Grades and grade requirements for rye. Grade Minimum test weight per...

2011-01-01

452

7 CFR 810.1204 - Grades and grade requirements for rye.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...false Grades and grade requirements for rye. 810.1204 Section 810.1204 Agriculture...FOR GRAIN United States Standards for Rye Principles Governing the Application of...1204 Grades and grade requirements for rye. Grade Minimum test weight per...

2013-01-01

453

7 CFR 810.1204 - Grades and grade requirements for rye.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...false Grades and grade requirements for rye. 810.1204 Section 810.1204 Agriculture...FOR GRAIN United States Standards for Rye Principles Governing the Application of...1204 Grades and grade requirements for rye. Grade Minimum test weight per...

2012-01-01

454

7 CFR 810.1004 - Grades and grade requirements for oats.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...false Grades and grade requirements for oats. 810.1004 Section 810.1004 Agriculture...FOR GRAIN United States Standards for Oats Principles Governing the Application...1004 Grades and grade requirements for oats. Grade Minimum limits— Test...

2014-01-01

455

7 CFR 810.1004 - Grades and grade requirements for oats.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...false Grades and grade requirements for oats. 810.1004 Section 810.1004 Agriculture...FOR GRAIN United States Standards for Oats Principles Governing the Application...1004 Grades and grade requirements for oats. Grade Minimum limits— Test...

2011-01-01

456

7 CFR 810.1004 - Grades and grade requirements for oats.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...false Grades and grade requirements for oats. 810.1004 Section 810.1004 Agriculture...FOR GRAIN United States Standards for Oats Principles Governing the Application...1004 Grades and grade requirements for oats. Grade Minimum limits— Test...

2013-01-01

457

7 CFR 810.1004 - Grades and grade requirements for oats.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...false Grades and grade requirements for oats. 810.1004 Section 810.1004 Agriculture...FOR GRAIN United States Standards for Oats Principles Governing the Application...1004 Grades and grade requirements for oats. Grade Minimum limits— Test...

2012-01-01

458

Benchmarking NSP Reactors with CORETRAN-01  

SciTech Connect

As part of an overall verification and validation effort, the Electric Power Research Institute's (EPRIs) CORETRAN-01 has been benchmarked against Northern States Power's Prairie Island and Monticello reactors through 12 cycles of operation. The two Prairie Island reactors are Westinghouse 2-loop units with 121 asymmetric 14 x 14 lattice assemblies utilizing up to 8 wt% gadolinium while Monticello is a General Electric 484 bundle boiling water reactor. All reactor cases were executed in full core utilizing 24 axial nodes per assembly in the fuel with 1 additional reflector node above, below, and around the perimeter of the core. Cross-section sets used in this benchmark effort were generated by EPRI's CPM-3 as well as Studsvik's CASMO-3 and CASMO-4 to allow for separation of the lattice calculation effect from the nodal simulation method. These cases exercised the depletion-shuffle-depletion sequence through four cycles for each unit using plant data to follow actual operations. Flux map calculations were performed for comparison to corresponding measurement statepoints. Additionally, start-up physics testing cases were used to predict cycle physics parameters for comparison to existing plant methods and measurements.These benchmark results agreed well with both current analysis methods and plant measurements, indicating that CORETRAN-01 may be appropriate for steady-state physics calculations of both the Prairie Island and Monticello reactors. However, only the Prairie Island results are discussed in this paper since Monticello results were of similar quality and agreement. No attempt was made in this work to investigate CORETRAN-01 kinetics capability by analyzing plant transients, but these steady-state results form a good foundation for moving in that direction.

Hines, Donald D.; Grow, Rodney L.; Agee, Lance J

2004-10-15

459

NAS Parallel Benchmarks I\\/O Version 2.4  

Microsoft Academic Search

We describe a benchmark problem, based on the Block-Tridiagonal (BT) prob- lem of the NAS Parallel Benchmarks (NPB), which is used to test the output capa- bilities of high-performance computing systems, especially parallel systems. We also present a source code implementation of the benchmark, called NPBIO2.4- MPI, based on the MPI implementation of NPB, using a variety of ways to

Parkson Wong; Rob F. Van der Wijngaart

2003-01-01

460

The C31 parallel benchmark suite - introduction and preliminary results  

Microsoft Academic Search

Current parallel benchmarks, while appropriate for scientific applications, lack the defense relevance and representativeness for developers who are considering parallel computers for their Command, Control, Communication, and Intelligence (C3I) systems. We present a new set of compact application benchmarks which are specific to the C3I application domain. The C3I Parallel Benchmark Suite (C3IPBS) program is addressing the evaluation of not

Rakesh Jha; Richard C. Metzger; Brian VanVoorst; Luiz S. Pires; Wing Au; Minesh Amin; David A. Castanon; Vipin Kumar

1996-01-01

461

Benchmark simulations of ICRF antenna coupling  

SciTech Connect

The paper reports on ongoing benchmark numerical simulations of antenna input impedance parameters in the ion cyclotron range of frequencies with different coupling codes: CST Microwave Studio, TOPICA and ANTITER 2. In particular we study the validity of the approximation of a magnetized plasma slab by a dielectric medium of suitably chosen permittivity. Different antenna models are considered: a single-strap antenna, a 4-strap antenna and the 24-strap ITER antenna array. Whilst the diagonal impedances are mostly in good agreement, some differences between the mutual terms predicted by Microwave Studio and TOPICA have yet to be resolved.

Louche, F.; Lamalle, P. U.; Messiaen, A. M.; Compernolle, B. van [Laboratory for Plasma Physics-Association 'Euratom-Belgian State', Trilateral Euregio Cluster Ecole Royale Militaire-Koninklijke Militaire School, B-1000 Brussels (Belgium); Milanesio, D.; Maggiora, R. [Politecnico di Torino, Turin (Italy)

2007-09-28

462

NAS Parallel Benchmarks. 2.4  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

We describe a new problem size, called Class D, for the NAS Parallel Benchmarks (NPB), whose MPI source code implementation is being released as NPB 2.4. A brief rationale is given for how the new class is derived. We also describe the modifications made to the MPI (Message Passing Interface) implementation to allow the new class to be run on systems with 32-bit integers, and with moderate amounts of memory. Finally, we give the verification values for the new problem size.

VanderWijngaart, Rob; Biegel, Bryan A. (Technical Monitor)

2002-01-01

463

Eddy currents benchmark analysis with COMSOL  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Several benchmark studies in eddy currents have been proposed by the WFNDEC. Also, there are many analytical exact and approximate solution of interest to quantitatively evaluate the capability of numerical codes to predict the magnitude of the induced currents effects. In this paper we present the results obtained using COMSOL for a representative set of cases of interest. We analyze the accuracy of the results, but also the elements we believe are relevant from the perspective of the NDE specialist (simplicity, computer requirements, things to take into account to get good results, problems faced when solving, failures, etc.).

Etcheverry, Javier I.; Ziella, Daniel H.

2014-02-01

464

Benchmarking East Tennessee`s economic capacity  

SciTech Connect

This presentation is comprised of viewgraphs delineating major economic factors operating in 15 counties in East Tennessee. The purpose of the information presented is to provide a benchmark analysis of economic conditions for use in guiding economic growth in the region. The emphasis of the presentation is economic infrastructure, which is classified into six categories: human resources, technology, financial resources, physical infrastructure, quality of life, and tax and regulation. Data for analysis of key indicators in each of the categories are presented. Preliminary analyses, in the form of strengths and weaknesses and comparison to reference groups, are given.

NONE

1995-04-20

465

Benchmark simulations of ICRF antenna coupling  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The paper reports on ongoing benchmark numerical simulations of antenna input impedance parameters in the ion cyclotron range of frequencies with different coupling codes: CST Microwave Studio, TOPICA and ANTITER 2. In particular we study the validity of the approximation of a magnetized plasma slab by a dielectric medium of suitably chosen permittivity. Different antenna models are considered: a single-strap antenna, a 4-strap antenna and the 24-strap ITER antenna array. Whilst the diagonal impedances are mostly in good agreement, some differences between the mutual terms predicted by Microwave Studio and TOPICA have yet to be resolved.

Louche, F.; Lamalle, P. U.; Messiaen, A. M.; Van Compernolle, B.; Milanesio, D.; Maggiora, R.

2007-09-01

466

A Suite of Criticality Benchmarks for Validating Nuclear Data  

SciTech Connect

The continuous-energy neutron data library ENDF60 for use with MCNP{trademark} was released in the fall of 1994, and was based on ENDF/B-Vl evaluations through Release 2. As part of the data validation process for this library, a number of criticality benchmark calculations were performed. The original suite of nine criticality benchmarks used to test ENDF60 has now been expanded to 86 benchmarks. This report documents the specifications for the suite of 86 criticality benchmarks that have been developed for validating nuclear data.

Stephanie C. Frankle

1999-04-01

467

Performance Evaluation of Supercomputers using HPCC and IMB Benchmarks  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The HPC Challenge (HPCC) benchmark suite and the Intel MPI Benchmark (IMB) are used to compare and evaluate the combined performance of processor, memory subsystem and interconnect fabric of five leading supercomputers - SGI Altix BX2, Cray XI, Cray Opteron Cluster, Dell Xeon cluster, and NEC SX-8. These five systems use five different networks (SGI NUMALINK4, Cray network, Myrinet, InfiniBand, and NEC IXS). The complete set of HPCC benchmarks are run on each of these systems. Additionally, we present Intel MPI Benchmarks (IMB) results to study the performance of 11 MPI communication functions on these systems.

Saini, Subhash; Ciotti, Robert; Gunney, Brian T. N.; Spelce, Thomas E.; Koniges, Alice; Dossa, Don; Adamidis, Panagiotis; Rabenseifner, Rolf; Tiyyagura, Sunil R.; Mueller, Matthias; Fatoohi, Rod

2006-01-01

468

Hospital Energy Benchmarking Guidance - Version 1.0  

SciTech Connect

This document describes an energy benchmarking framework for hospitals. The document is organized as follows. The introduction provides a brief primer on benchmarking and its application to hospitals. The next two sections discuss special considerations including the identification of normalizing factors. The presentation of metrics is preceded by a description of the overall framework and the rationale for the grouping of metrics. Following the presentation of metrics, a high-level protocol is provided. The next section presents draft benchmarks for some metrics; benchmarks are not available for many metrics owing to a lack of data. This document ends with a list of research needs for further development.

Singer, Brett C.

2009-09-08

469

CSP Policies & Procedures Process for Grade Appeals  

E-print Network

CSP Policies & Procedures Process for Grade Appeals Grade Appeals ­ Generally speaking, once grades that a grade in a course has been assigned on any basis other than academic grounds, he or she may appeal his or her grade. Step 1 ­ Appeal to IOR 1. A student who wishes to appeal a Y mark or an F grade must notify

Nguyen, Danh

470

CSP Policies & Procedures Process for Grade Appeals  

E-print Network

CSP Policies & Procedures Process for Grade Appeals Grade Appeals ­ Generally speaking, once grades that a grade in a course has been assigned on any basis other than academic grounds, he or she may appeal his or her grade. Step 1 ­ Appeal to IOR 1. A student who wishes to appeal a Y mark or an F grade must submit

Leistikow, Bruce N.

471

Benchmarking of commercial EUVL resists at SEMATECH  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Extreme ultraviolet lithography (EUVL) is one of the leading candidates for next-generation lithography technology for the 32 nm half-pitch node and beyond. The availability of EUV resists is one of the most significant challenges facing its commercialization. A successful commercial EUV resist must simultaneously meet resolution, line width roughness (LWR), photosensitivity, and resist outgassing specifications. Photosensitivity is of particular concern because it couples directly to source power requirements and the source is widely viewed as the most daunting challenge facing EUV commercialization. To accelerate EUV resist development, SEMATECH has two programs that provide the resist community access to EUV exposure capability: 1) the EUV Resist Test Center (RTC) at SEMATECH at Albany, SUNY, and 2) the SEMATECH microexposure tool (MET) at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory. SEMATECH uses both facilities to benchmark EUV resists in close cooperation with resist suppliers. Here we summarize results from the SEMATECH EUV resist benchmarking project including process windows, exposure latitude, and depth of focus, photospeed, LWR, and ultimate resolution. Results show that EUV resists meet resolution and outgassing requirements for the 32nm half-pitch node. LWR and photospeed, however, remain a concern especially for contact-hole printing. Moreover, progress towards the 22nm half-pitch node has also been demonstrated in terms of resolvability.

Ma, Andy; Park, Joo-on; Dean, Kim; Wurm, Stefan; Naulleau, Patrick

2008-03-01

472

The Medical Library Association Benchmarking Network: results*  

PubMed Central

Objective: This article presents some limited results from the Medical Library Association (MLA) Benchmarking Network survey conducted in 2002. Other uses of the data are also presented. Methods: After several years of development and testing, a Web-based survey opened for data input in December 2001. Three hundred eighty-five MLA members entered data on the size of their institutions and the activities of their libraries. The data from 344 hospital libraries were edited and selected for reporting in aggregate tables and on an interactive site in the Members-Only area of MLANET. The data represent a 16% to 23% return rate and have a 95% confidence level. Results: Specific questions can be answered using the reports. The data can be used to review internal processes, perform outcomes benchmarking, retest a hypothesis, refute a previous survey findings, or develop library standards. The data can be used to compare to current surveys or look for trends by comparing the data to past surveys. Conclusions: The impact of this project on MLA will reach into areas of research and advocacy. The data will be useful in the everyday working of small health sciences libraries as well as provide concrete data on the current practices of health sciences libraries. PMID:16636703

Dudden, Rosalind Farnam; Corcoran, Kate; Kaplan, Janice; Magouirk, Jeff; Rand, Debra C.; Smith, Bernie Todd

2006-01-01

473

Simple mathematical law benchmarks human confrontations.  

PubMed

Many high-profile societal problems involve an individual or group repeatedly attacking another - from child-parent disputes, sexual violence against women, civil unrest, violent conflicts and acts of terror, to current cyber-attacks on national infrastructure and ultrafast cyber-trades attacking stockholders. There is an urgent need to quantify the likely severity and timing of such future acts, shed light on likely perpetrators, and identify intervention strategies. Here we present a combined analysis of multiple datasets across all these domains which account for >100,000 events, and show that a simple mathematical law can benchmark them all. We derive this benchmark and interpret it, using a minimal mechanistic model grounded by state-of-the-art fieldwork. Our findings provide quantitative predictions concerning future attacks; a tool to help detect common perpetrators and abnormal behaviors; insight into the trajectory of a 'lone wolf'; identification of a critical threshold for spreading a message or idea among perpetrators; an intervention strategy to erode the most lethal clusters; and more broadly, a quantitative starting point for cross-disciplinary theorizing about human aggression at the individual and group level, in both real and online worlds. PMID:24322528

Johnson, Neil F; Medina, Pablo; Zhao, Guannan; Messinger, Daniel S; Horgan, John; Gill, Paul; Bohorquez, Juan Camilo; Mattson, Whitney; Gangi, Devon; Qi, Hong; Manrique, Pedro; Velasquez, Nicolas; Morgenstern, Ana; Restrepo, Elvira; Johnson, Nicholas; Spagat, Michael; Zarama, Roberto

2013-01-01

474

Simple mathematical law benchmarks human confrontations  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Many high-profile societal problems involve an individual or group repeatedly attacking another - from child-parent disputes, sexual violence against women, civil unrest, violent conflicts and acts of terror, to current cyber-attacks on national infrastructure and ultrafast cyber-trades attacking stockholders. There is an urgent need to quantify the likely severity and timing of such future acts, shed light on likely perpetrators, and identify intervention strategies. Here we present a combined analysis of multiple datasets across all these domains which account for >100,000 events, and show that a simple mathematical law can benchmark them all. We derive this benchmark and interpret it, using a minimal mechanistic model grounded by state-of-the-art fieldwork. Our findings provide quantitative predictions concerning future attacks; a tool to help detect common perpetrators and abnormal behaviors; insight into the trajectory of a `lone wolf' identification of a critical threshold for spreading a message or idea among perpetrators; an intervention strategy to erode the most lethal clusters; and more broadly, a quantitative starting point for cross-disciplinary theorizing about human aggression at the individual and group level, in both real and online worlds.

Johnson, Neil F.; Medina, Pablo; Zhao, Guannan; Messinger, Daniel S.; Horgan, John; Gill, Paul; Bohorquez, Juan Camilo; Mattson, Whitney; Gangi, Devon; Qi, Hong; Manrique, Pedro; Velasquez, Nicolas; Morgenstern, Ana; Restrepo, Elvira; Johnson, Nicholas; Spagat, Michael; Zarama, Roberto

2013-12-01

475

REVISED STREAM CODE AND WASP5 BENCHMARK  

SciTech Connect

STREAM is an emergency response code that predicts downstream pollutant concentrations for releases from the SRS area to the Savannah River. The STREAM code uses an algebraic equation to approximate the solution of the one dimensional advective transport differential equation. This approach generates spurious oscillations in the concentration profile when modeling long duration releases. To improve the capability of the STREAM code to model long-term releases, its calculation module was replaced by the WASP5 code. WASP5 is a US EPA water quality analysis program that simulates one-dimensional pollutant transport through surface water. Test cases were performed to compare the revised version of STREAM with the existing version. For continuous releases, results predicted by the revised STREAM code agree with physical expectations. The WASP5 code was benchmarked with the US EPA 1990 and 1991 dye tracer studies, in which the transport of the dye was measured from its release at the New Savannah Bluff Lock and Dam downstream to Savannah. The peak concentrations predicted by the WASP5 agreed with the measurements within {+-}20.0%. The transport times of the dye concentration peak predicted by the WASP5 agreed with the measurements within {+-}3.6%. These benchmarking results demonstrate that STREAM should be capable of accurately modeling releases from SRS outfalls.

Chen, K

2005-05-01

476

Benchmark dose calculation for ordered categorical responses.  

PubMed

The use of benchmark dose (BMD) calculations for dichotomous or continuous responses is well established in the risk assessment of cancer and noncancer endpoints. In some cases, responses to exposure are categorized in terms of ordinal severity effects such as none, mild, adverse, and severe. Such responses can be assessed using categorical regression (CATREG) analysis. However, while CATREG has been employed to compare the benchmark approach and the no-adverse-effect-level (NOAEL) approach in determining a reference dose, the utility of CATREG for risk assessment remains unclear. This study proposes a CATREG model to extend the BMD approach to ordered categorical responses by modeling severity levels as censored interval limits of a standard normal distribution. The BMD is calculated as a weighted average of the BMDs obtained at dichotomous cutoffs for each adverse severity level above the critical effect, with the weights being proportional to the reciprocal of the expected loss at the cutoff under the normal probability model. This approach provides a link between the current BMD procedures for dichotomous and continuous data. We estimate the CATREG parameters using a Markov chain Monte Carlo simulation procedure. The proposed method is demonstrated using examples of aldicarb and urethane, each with several categories of severity levels. Simulation studies comparing the BMD and BMDL (lower confidence bound on the BMD) using the proposed method to the correspondent estimates using the existing methods for dichotomous and continuous data are quite compatible; the difference is mainly dependent on the choice of cutoffs for the severity levels. PMID:24444309

Chen, Chu-Chih; Chen, James J

2014-08-01

477

Simple mathematical law benchmarks human confrontations  

PubMed Central

Many high-profile societal problems involve an individual or group repeatedly attacking another – from child-parent disputes, sexual violence against women, civil unrest, violent conflicts and acts of terror, to current cyber-attacks on national infrastructure and ultrafast cyber-trades attacking stockholders. There is an urgent need to quantify the likely severity and timing of such future acts, shed light on likely perpetrators, and identify intervention strategies. Here we present a combined analysis of multiple datasets across all these domains which account for >100,000 events, and show that a simple mathematical law can benchmark them all. We derive this benchmark and interpret it, using a minimal mechanistic model grounded by state-of-the-art fieldwork. Our findings provide quantitative predictions concerning future attacks; a tool to help detect common perpetrators and abnormal behaviors; insight into the trajectory of a ‘lone wolf'; identification of a critical threshold for spreading a message or idea among perpetrators; an intervention strategy to erode the most lethal clusters; and more broadly, a quantitative starting point for cross-disciplinary theorizing about human aggression at the individual and group level, in both real and online worlds. PMID:24322528

Johnson, Neil F.; Medina, Pablo; Zhao, Guannan; Messinger, Daniel S.; Horgan, John; Gill, Paul; Bohorquez, Juan Camilo; Mattson, Whitney; Gangi, Devon; Qi, Hong; Manrique, Pedro; Velasquez, Nicolas; Morgenstern, Ana; Restrepo, Elvira; Johnson, Nicholas; Spagat, Michael; Zarama, Roberto

2013-01-01

478

Parallel Ada benchmarks for the SVMS  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The use of parallel processing paradigm to design and develop faster and more reliable computers appear to clearly mark the future of information processing. NASA started the development of such an architecture: the Spaceborne VHSIC Multi-processor System (SVMS). Ada will be one of the languages used to program the SVMS. One of the unique characteristics of Ada is that it supports parallel processing at the language level through the tasking constructs. It is important for the SVMS project team to assess how efficiently the SVMS architecture will be implemented, as well as how efficiently Ada environment will be ported to the SVMS. AUTOCLASS II, a Bayesian classifier written in Common Lisp, was selected as one of the benchmarks for SVMS configurations. The purpose of the R and D effort was to provide the SVMS project team with the version of AUTOCLASS II, written in Ada, that would make use of Ada tasking constructs as much as possible so as to constitute a suitable benchmark. Additionally, a set of programs was developed that would measure Ada tasking efficiency on parallel architectures as well as determine the critical parameters influencing tasking efficiency. All this was designed to provide the SVMS project team with a set of suitable tools in the development of the SVMS architecture.

Collard, Philippe E.

1990-01-01

479

Multisensor benchmark data for riot control  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Quick and precise response is essential for riot squads when coping with escalating violence in crowds. Often it is just a single person, known as the leader of the gang, who instigates other people and thus is responsible of excesses. Putting this single person out of action in most cases leads to a de-escalating situation. Fostering de-escalations is one of the main tasks of crowd and riot control. To do so, extensive situation awareness is mandatory for the squads and can be promoted by technical means such as video surveillance using sensor networks. To develop software tools for situation awareness appropriate input data with well-known quality is needed. Furthermore, the developer must be able to measure algorithm performance and ongoing improvements. Last but not least, after algorithm development has finished and marketing aspects emerge, meeting of specifications must be proved. This paper describes a multisensor benchmark which exactly serves this purpose. We first define the underlying algorithm task. Then we explain details about data acquisition and sensor setup and finally we give some insight into quality measures of multisensor data. Currently, the multisensor benchmark described in this paper is applied to the development of basic algorithms for situational awareness, e.g. tracking of individuals in a crowd.

Jäger, Uwe; Höpken, Marc; Dürr, Bernhard; Metzler, Jürgen; Willersinn, Dieter

2008-10-01

480

Computational Thermochemistry and Benchmarking of Reliable Methods  

SciTech Connect

During the first and second years of the Computational Thermochemistry and Benchmarking of Reliable Methods project, we completed several studies using the parallel computing capabilities of the NWChem software and Molecular Science Computing Facility (MSCF), including large-scale density functional theory (DFT), second-order Moeller-Plesset (MP2) perturbation theory, and CCSD(T) calculations. During the third year, we continued to pursue the computational thermodynamic and benchmarking studies outlined in our proposal. With the issues affecting the robustness of the coupled cluster part of NWChem resolved, we pursued studies of the heats-of-formation of compounds containing 5 to 7 first- and/or second-row elements and approximately 10 to 14 hydrogens. The size of these systems, when combined with the large basis sets (cc-pVQZ and aug-cc-pVQZ) that are necessary for extrapolating to the complete basis set limit, creates a formidable computational challenge, for which NWChem on NWMPP1 is well suited.

Feller, David F.; Dixon, David A.; Dunning, Thom H.; Dupuis, Michel; McClemore, Doug; Peterson, Kirk A.; Xantheas, Sotiris S.; Bernholdt, David E.; Windus, Theresa L.; Chalasinski, Grzegorz; Fosada, Rubicelia; Olguim, Jorge; Dobbs, Kerwin D.; Frurip, Donald; Stevens, Walter J.; Rondan, Nelson; Chase, Jared M.; Nichols, Jeffrey A.

2006-06-20

481

Grading the teacher  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Several fads ago there was a movement to grade teachers in terms of their competency — competency-based testing. Everyone knows that there are good teachers and there are bad teachers. The trouble is, it's hard to define the categories. It's like the Supreme Court justice who couldn't define pornography, but knew it when he saw it. In New York State, prospective teachers must take tests in both pedagogy and subject material. That seems reasonable. There ought to be some minimum standards, so I thought that I would try my hand at setting up such requirements.

Swartz, Clifford E.

2000-04-01

482

The health care burden of high grade chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in Korea: analysis of the Korean Health Insurance Review and Assessment Service data  

PubMed Central

Background Patients with high grade chronic pulmonary obstructive disease (COPD) account for much of the COPD-related mortality and incur excessive financial burdens and medical care utilization. We aimed to determine the characteristics and medical care use of such patients using nationwide data from the Korean Health Insurance Review and Assessment Service in 2009. Materials and methods Patients with COPD were identified by searching with the International Classification of Diseases–10th Revision for those using medication. Patients with high grade COPD were selected based on their patterns of tertiary institute visits and medication use. Results The numbers of patients with high grade COPD increased rapidly in Korea during the study period, and they showed a high prevalence of comorbid disease. The total medical costs were over three times higher in patients with high grade COPD compared with those without it ($3,744 versus $1,183; P < 0.001). Medication costs comprised the largest portion of medical cost, but most impact came from hospitalization and exacerbation in both groups of patients. COPD grade and hospitalization in the previous year were the major factors affecting medical costs and days of utilizing health care resources. Conclusion Patients with high grade COPD impose a high economic burden on the health care system in Korea. Prevention of progression to high grade COPD is important, both clinically and economically. PMID:24277985

Kim, JinHee; Rhee, Chin Kook; Yoo, Kwang Ha; Kim, Young Sam; Lee, Sei Won; Park, Yong Bum; Lee, Jin Hwa; Oh, YeonMok; Lee, Sang Do; Kim, Yuri; Kim, KyungJoo; Yoon, HyoungKyu

2013-01-01

483

7 CFR 810.105 - Grades and grade requirements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Department of Agriculture (Continued) GRAIN INSPECTION, PACKERS AND STOCKYARD ADMINISTRATION (FEDERAL GRAIN INSPECTION SERVICE), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE OFFICIAL UNITED STATES STANDARDS FOR GRAIN General Provisions Grades,...

2010-01-01

484

EDITORIAL: Selected papers from the 10th International Workshop on Micro and Nanotechnology for Power Generation and Energy Conversion Applications (PowerMEMS 2010) Selected papers from the 10th International Workshop on Micro and Nanotechnology for Power Generation and Energy Conversion Applications (PowerMEMS 2010)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This special section of Journal of Micromechanics and Microengineering features papers selected from the 10th International Workshop on Micro and Nanotechnology for Power Generation and Energy Conversion Applications (PowerMEMS 2010). The workshop was organized in Leuven, Belgium from 30 November to 3 December 2010 by Katholieke Universiteit Leuven and the imec/Holst Centre. This was a special PowerMEMS Workshop, for several reasons. First of all, we celebrated the 10th anniversary of the workshop: the first PowerMEMS meeting was organized in Sendai, Japan in 2000. None of the organizers or participants of this first meeting could have predicted the impact of the workshop over the next decade. The second reason was that, for the first time, the conference organization spanned two countries: Belgium and the Netherlands. Thanks to the advances in information technology, teams from Katholieke Universiteit Leuven (Belgium) and the imec/Holst Centre in Eindhoven (the Netherlands) have been able to work together seamlessly as one team. The objective of the PowerMEMS Workshop is to stimulate innovation in micro and nanotechnology for power generation and energy conversion applications. Its scope ranges from integrated microelectromechanical systems (MEMS) for power generation, dissipation, harvesting, and management, to novel nanostructures and materials for energy-related applications. True to the objective of the PowerMEMSWorkshop, the 2010 technical program covered a broad range of energy related research, ranging from the nanometer to the millimeter scale, discussed in 5 invited and 52 oral presentations, and 112 posters. This special section includes 14 papers covering vibration energy harvesters, thermal applications and micro power systems. Finally, we wish to express sincere appreciation to the members of the International Steering Committee, the Technical Program Committee and last but not least the Local Organizing Committee. This special issue was edited in collaboration with the staff of IOP Publishing. PowerMEMS 2010 contents Harvesting energy from airflow with a michromachined piezoelectric harvester inside a Helmholtz resonator S P Matova, R Elfrink, R J M Vullers and R van Schaijk Analysis and characterization of triangular electrode structures for electrostatic energy harvestingDaniel Hoffmann, Bernd Folkmer and Yiannos Manoli A smart and self-sufficient frequency tunable vibration energy harvesterC Eichhorn, R Tchagsim, N Wilhelm and P Woias Power output enhancement of a vibration-driven electret generator for wireless sensor applicationsTatsuakira Masaki, Kenji Sakurai, Toru Yokoyama, Masayo Ikuta, Hiroshi Sameshima, Masashi Doi, Tomonori Seki and Masatoshi Oba Harvesting traffic-induced vibrations for structural health monitoring of bridgesT V Galchev, J McCullagh, R L Peterson and K Najafi Dispenser-printed planar thick-film thermoelectric energy generatorsA Chen, D Madan, P K Wright and J W Evans Silicon nanowire arrays as thermoelectric material for a power microgeneratorD Dávila, A Tarancón, M Fernández-Regúlez, C Calaza, M Salleras, A San Paulo and L Fonseca A micro thermal switch with a stiffness-enhanced thermal isolation structureTakashiro Tsukamoto, Masayoshi Esashi and Shuji Tanaka A dielectric liquid contact thermal switch with electrowetting actuationA R McLanahan, C D Richards and R F Richards A self-regulating valve for single-phase liquid cooling of microelectronicsRadu Donose, Michaël De Volder, Jan Peirs and Dominiek Reynaerts A MEMS-enabled 3D zinc-air microbattery with improved discharge characteristics based on a multilayer metallic substructureA Armutlulu, Y Fang, S H Kim, C H Ji, S A Bidstrup Allen and M G Allen Design, fabrication and testing of an air-breathing micro direct methanol fuel cell with compound anode flow fieldLuwen Wang, Yufeng Zhang, Youran Zhao, Zijiang An, Zhiping Zhou and Xiaowei Liu A shadow-mask evaporated pyroMEMS igniterD A de Koninck, D Briand and N F de Rooij Aerodynamic journal bearing with a flexible, damped support operating at 7.2 million DNTobias Wauma

Reynaerts, Dominiek; Vullers, Ruud

2011-10-01

485

MELCOR Verification, Benchmarking, and Applications experience at BNL  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents a summary of MELCOR Verification, Benchmarking and Applications experience at Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL), sponsored by the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC). Under MELCOR verification over the past several years, all released versions of the code were installed on BNL's computer system, verification exercises were performed, and defect investigation reports were sent to SNL. Benchmarking calculations of

Madni

1992-01-01

486

MELCOR Verification, Benchmarking, and Applications experience at BNL  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents a summary of MELCOR Verification, Benchmarking and Applications experience at Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL), sponsored by the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC). Under MELCOR verification over the past several years, all released versions of the code were installed on BNL`s computer system, verification exercises were performed, and defect investigation reports were sent to SNL. Benchmarking calculations of

Madni

1992-01-01

487

vendredi 7 dcembre 2012 Benchmarking of Excavated Soil  

E-print Network

vendredi 7 décembre 2012 Benchmarking of Excavated Soil Reuse Management in Europe & Development · Implementation at a National Level: different options, different tools > Challenge with Excavated Soil Reuse from some experienced countries. vendredi 7 décembre 2012 D3E / DG > 2 Benchmarking of Excavated Soil

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

488

Emulica: an emulation-based benchmarking framework for production control  

E-print Network

Emulica: an emulation-based benchmarking framework for production control experiments 1 Rémi propose an emulation-based benchmarking framework to design and run such experiments. The proposition is based on an architecture integrating the control system with the virtual controlled system (emulation

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

489

Toward Real-Time Performance Benchmarks for Ada  

Microsoft Academic Search

Benchmarks are developed to measure the Ada notion of time, the Ada features believed important to real-time performance, and other time-related features that are not part of the language, but are part of the run-time system; these benchmarks are then applied to the language and run-time system, and the results evaluated.

Russell M. Clapp; Louis Duchesneau; Richard A. Volz; Trevor N. Mudge; Timothy Schultze

1986-01-01

490

Cache performance of the SPEC92 benchmark suite  

Microsoft Academic Search

The authors consider whether SPECmarks, the figures of merit obtained from running the SPEC benchmarks under certain specified conditions, accurately indicate the performance to be expected from real, live work loads. Miss ratios for the entire set of SPEC92 benchmarks are measured. It is found that instruction cache miss ratios in general, and data cache miss ratios for the integer

Jeffrey D. Gee; Mark D. Hill; Dionisios N. Pnevmatikatos; Alan Jay Smith

1993-01-01

491

Developing Benchmarks to Measure Teacher Candidates' Performance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper traces the development of teacher candidate benchmarks at one liberal arts institution. Begun as a classroom assessment activity over ten years ago, the benchmarks, through collaboration with professional development school partners, now serve as a primary measure of teacher candidates' performance in the final phases of the…

Frazier, Laura Corbin; Brown-Hobbs, Stacy; Palmer, Barbara Martin

2013-01-01

492

The RAW benchmark suite: computation structures for general purpose computing  

Microsoft Academic Search

The RAW benchmark suite consists of twelve programs designed to facilitate comparing, validating, and improv- ing reconfigur able computing systems. These benchmarks run the gamut of algorithmsfound in general purposecom- puting, including sorting, matrix operations, and graph al- gorithms. The suite includes an architecture-independent compilation framework, Raw Computation Structures (RawCS), to express each algorithm's dependencies and to support ...

Jonathan Babb; Matthew Frank; Victor Lee; Elliot Waingold; Rajeev Barua; Michael Bedford Taylor; Jang Kim; Devabhaktuni Srikrishna; Anant Agarwal

1997-01-01

493

What Are ACT's College Readiness Benchmarks? Issues in College Readiness  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents questions and answers about ACT's College Readiness Benchmarks. ACT's College Readiness Benchmarks are the minimum ACT test scores required for students to have a high probability of success in credit-bearing college courses--English Composition, social sciences courses, College Algebra, or Biology. Colleges can use the…

ACT, Inc., 2010

2010-01-01

494

Simulation benchmarks for low-pressure plasmas: Capacitive discharges  

SciTech Connect

Benchmarking is generally accepted as an important element in demonstrating the correctness of computer simulations. In the modern sense, a benchmark is a computer simulation result that has evidence of correctness, is accompanied by estimates of relevant errors, and which can thus be used as a basis for judging the accuracy and efficiency of other codes. In this paper, we present four benchmark cases related to capacitively coupled discharges. These benchmarks prescribe all relevant physical and numerical parameters. We have simulated the benchmark conditions using five independently developed particle-in-cell codes. We show that the results of these simulations are statistically indistinguishable, within bounds of uncertainty that we define. We, therefore, claim that the results of these simulations represent strong benchmarks, which can be used as a basis for evaluating the accuracy of other codes. These other codes could include other approaches than particle-in-cell simulations, where benchmarking could examine not just implementation accuracy and efficiency, but also the fidelity of different physical models, such as moment or hybrid models. We discuss an example of this kind in the Appendix. Of course, the methodology that we have developed can also be readily extended to a suite of benchmarks with coverage of a wider range of physical and chemical phenomena.

Turner, M. M.; Kelly, S. J. [School of Physical Sciences and National Centre for Plasma Science and Technology, Dublin City University, Dublin 9 (Ireland); Derzsi, A.; Donko, Z. [Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Institute for Solid State Physics and Optics, Wigner Research Centre for Physics, 1121 Budapest, Konkoly-Thege Miklos Str. 29-33 (Hungary); Eremin, D.; Mussenbrock, T. [Lehrstuhl fuer Theoretische Elektrotechnik, Fakultaet fuer Elektrotechnik und Informationstechnik, Ruhr-Universitaet Bochum, Universitaetsstrasse 150, 44801 Bochum (Germany); Lafleur, T. [Laboratoire de Physique des Plasmas, Ecole Polytechnique, 91128 Palaiseau (France)

2013-01-15

495

What Are the ACT College Readiness Benchmarks? Information Brief  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The ACT College Readiness Benchmarks are the minimum ACT® college readiness assessment scores required for students to have a high probability of success in credit-bearing college courses--English Composition, social sciences courses, College Algebra, or Biology. This report identifies the College Readiness Benchmarks on the ACT Compass scale…

ACT, Inc., 2013

2013-01-01

496

Performance and Scalability of the NAS Parallel Benchmarks in Java  

Microsoft Academic Search

Several features make Java an attractive choice for scientific applications. In order to gauge the applicability of Java to computational fluid dynamics (CFD), we have implemented the NAS parallel benchmarks in Java. The performance and scalability of the benchmarks point out the areas where improvement in Java compiler technology and in Java thread implementation would position Java closer to Fortran

Michael A. Frumkin; Matthew G. Schultz; Haoqiang Jin; Jerry Yan

2003-01-01

497

Architectual Implications of the NAS MG and FT Parallel Benchmarks  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper characterizes the structure and resource requirements of the NAS Parallel Benchmarks (NPB), a popular benchmark suite used to evaluate various parallel computers. The phase parallel model is used to obtain parameter values for memory, I\\/O, and communication latency and bandwidth requirements. These quantitative parameters are useful in the design and evaluation of various parallel computers. The results of

Yuzhong Sun; Jianyong Wang; Zhiwei Xu

1997-01-01

498

Architectural Requirements and Scalability of the NAS Parallel Benchmarks  

Microsoft Academic Search

We present a study of the architectural requirements and scalability of the NAS Parallel Benchmarks. Through direct measurements and simulations, we identify the factors which affect the scalability of benchmark codes on two relevant and distinct platforms; a cluster of workstations and a ccNUMA SGI Origin 2000. We find that the benefit of increased global cache size is pronounced in

Frederick C. Wong; Richard P. Martin; Remzi H. Arpaci-Dusseau; David E. Culler

1999-01-01

499

Benchmark optimization and attribute identification for improvement of container terminals  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of this paper is to optimize the benchmarks and prioritize the variables of decision-making units (DMUs) in data envelopment analysis (DEA) model. In DEA, there is no scope to differentiate and identify threats for efficient DMUs from the inefficient set. Although benchmarks in DEA allow for identification of targets for improvement, it does not prioritize targets or prescribe

Mithun J. Sharma; Song Jin Yu

2010-01-01

500

23 March 2010 Update on the Sitka Spruce Benchmarking  

E-print Network

· Paper published in Silva Fennica Benchmarking Study #12;3 Validation Study 339 23 5313 285 449 412 2792 of variation in mechanical properties of Douglas-fir sawn timber and related these to nonJohn Moore 23 March 2010 Update on the Sitka Spruce Benchmarking Study #12;2 · Phase 1 ­ standing