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1

An Early Warning System: Predicting 10th Grade FCAT Success from 6th Grade FCAT Performance. Research Brief. Volume 0711  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This Research Brief presents a method for predicting 10th grade Florida Comprehensive Assessment Test (FCAT) success from 6th grade FCAT performance. A simple equation provides the most probable single score prediction, and give-or-take error margins define high and low probability zones for expected 10th grade scores. In addition, a double-entry…

Froman, Terry; Brown, Shelly; Lapadula, Maria

2008-01-01

2

A Structural Model of Student Career Aspiration and Science Education: The 10th Grade Investigation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Career aspiration is an important factor articulating student academic preparation and career orientation. On the basis of H. Walberg's educational productivity theory, 10th grade national data from the Longitudinal Study of American Youth have been analyzed to examine structural relations between educational productivity and career aspiration in…

Wang, Jianjun; Turner, Dianne

3

Science Grades K-4 Benchmarks.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document explains the Arkansas science benchmarks for grades K-4 which were developed to provide guidance to science teachers. The content standards for three strands--physical science systems, life science systems, and Earth science/space science systems--were identified based on grade levels. (YDS)

Arkansas State Dept. of Education, Little Rock.

4

Human papillomavirus vaccine uptake, knowledge and attitude among 10th grade students in Berlin, Germany, 2010  

PubMed Central

Purpose: Since March 2007, the Standing Committee on Vaccination (STIKO) recommends HPV vaccination for all 12–17 y-old females in Germany. In the absence of an immunization register, we aimed at assessing HPV-vaccination coverage and knowledge among students in Berlin, the largest city in Germany, to identify factors influencing HPV-vaccine uptake. Results: Between September and December 2010, 442 students completed the questionnaire (mean age 15.1; range 14–19). In total 281/442 (63.6%) students specified HPV correctly as a sexually transmitted infection. Of 238 participating girls, 161 (67.6%) provided their vaccination records. Among these, 66 (41.0%) had received the recommended three HPV-vaccine doses. Reasons for being HPV-unvaccinated were reported by 65 girls: Dissuasion from parents (40.2%), dissuasion from their physician (18.5%), and concerns about side-effects (30.8%) (multiple choices possible). The odds of being vaccinated increased with age (Odds Ratio (OR) 2.19, 95% Confidence Interval (CI) 1.16, 4.15) and decreased with negative attitude toward vaccinations (OR = 0.33, 95%CI 0.13, 0.84). Methods: Self-administered questionnaires were distributed to 10th grade school students in 14 participating schools in Berlin to assess socio-demographic characteristics, knowledge, and statements on vaccinations. Vaccination records were reviewed. Multivariable statistical methods were applied to identify independent predictors for HPV-vaccine uptake among female participants. Conclusions: HPV-vaccine uptake was low among school girls in Berlin. Both, physicians and parents were influential regarding their HPV-vaccination decision even though personal perceptions played an important role as well. School programs could be beneficial to improve knowledge related to HPV and vaccines, and to offer low-barrier access to HPV vaccination.

Stocker, Petra; Dehnert, Manuel; Schuster, Melanie; Wichmann, Ole; Delere, Yvonne

2013-01-01

5

Progression in Complexity: Contextualizing Sustainable Marine Resources Management in a 10th Grade Classroom  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Sustainable management of marine resources raises great challenges. Working with this socio-scientific issue in the classroom requires students to apply complex models about energy flow and trophic pyramids in order to understand that food chains represent transfer of energy, to construct meanings for sustainable resources management through discourse, and to connect them to actions and decisions in a real-life context. In this paper we examine the process of elaboration of plans for resources management in a marine ecosystem by 10th grade students (15-16 year) in the context of solving an authentic task. A complete class ( N = 14) worked in a sequence about ecosystems. Working in small groups, the students made models of energy flow and trophic pyramids, and used them to solve the problem of feeding a small community for a long time. Data collection included videotaping and audiotaping of all of the sessions, and collecting the students' written productions. The research objective is to examine the process of designing a plan for sustainable resources management in terms of the discursive moves of the students across stages in contextualizing practices, or different degrees of complexity (Jiménez-Aleixandre & Reigosa International Journal of Science Education, 14(1): 51-61 2006), understood as transformations from theoretical statements to decisions about the plan. The analysis of students' discursive moves shows how the groups progressed through stages of connecting different models, between them and with the context, in order to solve the task. The challenges related to taking this sustainability issue to the classroom are discussed.

Bravo-Torija, Beatriz; Jiménez-Aleixandre, María-Pilar

2012-01-01

6

Self-Perception and Achievement of 10th Grade Urban African American Males: Classroom Instructional Implications.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study was done of 5 selected domains of self-perception held by 60 urban black male 10th graders in North Carolina. The domains were scholastic competence, athletic competence, physical appearance, behavioral conduct, and job competence. Each domain was transformed into a research questions. Achievers (n=30) and potential achievers (n=30) as…

Reglin, Gary; Chisom, Marilyn

7

Comparing Overexcitabilities of Gifted and Non-Gifted 10th Grade Students in Turkey  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study compares overexcitability scores of Turkish 10th graders who are grouped in terms of their intellectual abilities, motivation, creativity and leadership as well as gender. 711 students who were administered Raven Advanced Progressive Matrices Test (APM) were divided into three intellectual ability categories. From this pool, 105 subjects…

Yakmaci-Guzel, Buket; Akarsu, Fusun

2006-01-01

8

Orange County Academic Decathlon for 9th and 10th Grade Students. Handbook.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Orange County (California) students in grades 9 and 10 compete in an annually held series of 10 competitive events measuring academic strengths. These events include tests in grammar and literature, fine arts, mathematics, science, social science, study skills, and a super quiz--a team event held before a large audience. In addition, there are…

Orange County Academic Decathalon Association, CA.

9

Pre-Vocational Curriculum (Career Education) for 9th and 10th Grade Levels. (Teacher Guide).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This curriculum guide consists of 17 units of study for use in a prevocational career education course geared toward ninth and tenth grade students. Covered in the individual lessons are the following topics: assessing personal characteristics, completing a personal aptitude inventory, assessing personal interests, using the Dictionary of…

Arman, Ruby L.; Arman, Mohammad R.

10

Investigating the intrinsic and extrinsic work values of 10th grade students in science-oriented charter schools  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The purpose of this study was to investigate to what extent gender, achievement level, and income level predict the intrinsic and extrinsic work values of 10th grade students. The study explored whether group differences were good predictors of scores in work values. The research was a descriptive, cross-sectional study conducted on 131 10th graders who attended science-oriented charter schools. Students took Super's Work Values Instrument, a Likert-type test that links to 15 work values, which can be categorized as intrinsic and extrinsic values (Super, 1970). Multiple regression analysis was employed as the main analysis followed by ANCOVA. Multiple regression analysis results indicated that there is evidence that 8.9% of the variance in intrinsic work values and 10.2% of the variance in extrinsic work values can be explained by the independent variables ( p < .05). Achievement Level and Income Level may help predict intrinsic work value scores; Achievement Level may also help predict extrinsic work values. Achievement Level was the covariate in ANCOVA. Results indicated that males (M = .174) in this sample have a higher mean of extrinsic work values than that of females (M = -.279). However, there was no statistically significant difference between the intrinsic work values by gender. One possible interpretation of this might be school choice; students in these science-oriented charter schools may have higher intrinsic work values regardless of gender. Results indicated that there was no statistically significant difference among the means of extrinsic work values by income level (p < .05). However, free lunch students (M = .268) have a higher mean of intrinsic work values than that of paid lunch students ( M = -.279). A possible interpretation of this might be that lower income students benefit greatly from the intrinsic work values in overcoming obstacles. Further research is needed in each of these areas. The study produced statistically significant results with little practical significance. Students, parents, teachers, and counselors may still be advised to consider the work value orientations of students during the career choice process.

Ozer, Ozgur

11

Science Grades 5-8 Benchmarks.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document explains the Arkansas science benchmarks for grades 5-8 which were developed to provide guidance to science teachers. The content standards for three strands--physical science systems, life science systems, and Earth science/space science systems--were identified based on grade levels. (YDS)

Arkansas State Dept. of Education, Little Rock.

12

The Basic Program of Vocational Agriculture in Louisiana. Ag I and Ag II (9th and 10th Grades). Volume I. Bulletin 1690-I.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document is the first volume of a state curriculum guide on vocational agriculture for use in the 9th and 10th grades in Louisiana. Three instructional areas are profiled in this volume: orientation to vocational agriculture, agricultural leadership, and soil science. The three units of the orientation area cover introducing beginning…

Louisiana State Dept. of Education, Baton Rouge. Div. of Vocational Education.

13

Affective decision-making deficits, linked to a dysfunctional ventromedial prefrontal cortex, revealed in 10th-grade Chinese adolescent smokers  

Microsoft Academic Search

The primary aim of this study was to test the hypothesis that adolescent binge drinkers, but not lighter drinkers, would show signs of impairment on tasks of affective decision-making as measured by the Iowa Gambling Test (IGT), when compared to adolescents who never drank. We tested 207 10th grade adolescents in Chengdu City, China, using two versions of the IGT,

Lin Xiao; Antoine Bechara; Steven Cen; Jerry Grenard; Alan Stacy; Peggy Gallaher; Yonglan Wei; Yong Jia; C. Anderson Johnson

2008-01-01

14

An Examination of the Conditions of School Facilities Attended by 10th-Grade Students in 2002. E.D. TAB. NCES 2006-302  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report presents key findings from the Education Longitudinal Study of 2002 (ELS:2002) Facilities Checklist for all ELS:2002 public and private schools and students in the 10th grade. The facilities instrument was administered as a part of the ELS:2002 and focused on the conditions of school facilities, including disrepair, cleanliness,…

Mike Planty; Jill F. DeVoe; Jeffrey A. Owings; Kathryn Chandler

2005-01-01

15

A Comparison of 9th and 10th Grade Boys' and Girls' Bullying Behaviors in Two States.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the incidences of bullying behaviors among male and female 9th and 10th graders in rural Nebraska and suburban Texas schools. Nebraska students were predominantly Caucasion, and Texas students were African American, Hispanic American, and Caucasion. Student surveys examined such issues as how often bullying occurred, where it…

Isernhagen, Jody; Harris, Sandy

16

Affective decision-making deficits, linked to a dysfunctional ventromedial prefrontal cortex, revealed in 10th grade Chinese adolescent binge drinkers  

Microsoft Academic Search

The primary aim of this study was to test the hypothesis that adolescent binge drinkers, but not lighter drinkers, would show signs of impairment on tasks of affective decision-making as measured by the Iowa Gambling Test (IGT), when compared to adolescents who never drank.We tested 207 10th grade adolescents in Chengdu City, China, using two versions of the IGT, the

C. Anderson Johnson; Lin Xiao; Paula Palmer; Ping Sun; Qiong Wang; Yonglan Wei; Yong Jia; Jerry L. Grenard; Alan W. Stacy; Antoine Bechara

2008-01-01

17

Water: How Good is Good Enough? Student Book. Science Module (9th-10th Grade Chemistry). Revised Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This learning module is designed to integrate environmental education into ninth- and tenth-grade chemistry classes. This module and a companion social studies module were pilot tested in Gwinnett County, Georgia in classes of students, many of whom had learning disabilities. It emphasizes activity learning. The module is divided into four parts.…

Georgia Univ., Athens. Coll. of Education.

18

Growth: How Much is Too Much? Student Book. Science Module (9th-10th Grade Biology). Revised Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This learning module is designed to integrate environmental education into ninth- and tenth-grade chemistry classes. This module and a companion social studies module were pilot tested in Gwinnett County, Georgia in 1975-76. The module is divided into four parts. Part one provides a broad overview of unit content and proposes questions to…

Georgia Univ., Athens. Coll. of Education.

19

Pre-Vocational Curriculum (Career Education) for 9th and 10th Grade Levels. (Student Study Guide).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This student guide consists of 17 units of study for use in a prevocational career education course geared toward ninth and tenth grade students. Covered in the individual lessons are the following topics: assessing personal interests, using the Dictionary of Occupational Titles, identifying occupational choices, identifying vocational and…

Arman, Ruby L.; Arman, Mohammad R.

20

The impact of high-stakes, state-mandated student performance assessment on 10th grade English, mathematics, and science teachers' instructional practices  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The purpose of this study was to determine if the public release of student results on high-stakes, state-mandated performance assessments influence instructional practices, and if so in what manner. The research focused on changes in teachers' instructional practices and factors that may have influenced such changes since the public release of high-stakes, state-mandated student performance assessment scores. The data for this study were obtained from a 54-question survey instrument given to a stratified random sample of teachers teaching at least one section of 10th grade English, mathematics, or science in an academic public high school within Massachusetts. Two hundred and fifty-seven (257) teachers, or 62% of the total sample, completed the survey instrument. An analysis of the data found that teachers are making changes in their instructional practices. The data show notable increases in the use of open-response questions, creative/critical thinking questions, problem-solving activities, use of rubrics or scoring guides, writing assignments, and inquiry/investigation. Teachers also have decreased the use of multiple-choice and true-false questions, textbook-based assignments, and lecturing. Also, the data show that teachers felt that changes made in their instructional practices were most influenced by an "interest in helping my students attain MCAS assessment scores that will allow them to graduate high school" and by an "interest in helping my school improve student (MCAS) assessment scores," Finally, mathematics teachers and teachers with 13--19 years of experience report making significantly more changes than did others. It may be interpreted from the data that the use of state-mandated student performance assessments and the high-stakes attached to this type of testing program contributed to changes in teachers' instructional practices. The changes in teachers' instructional practices have included increases in the use of instructional practices deemed by educational researchers as the "best practices."

Vogler, Kenneth E.

21

Affective decision-making deficits, linked to a dysfunctional ventromedial prefrontal cortex, revealed in 10th-grade Chinese adolescent smokers  

PubMed Central

This study addressed the question of whether poor decision making would be associated with adolescent past 7-day smoking. We conducted a cross-sectional study of 208 10th-grade adolescents in Chengdu City, China. We used the Iowa Gambling Task (IGT) to assess decision-making, and the Self-ordered Pointing Task (SOPT) to assess working memory capacity. Paper and pencil questionnaires assessed the school academic performance (SAP) and smoking variables. The results showed that a significantly higher proportion of past 7-day smokers (91.7%) were susceptible to future smoking and cigarette offers from best friends compared to other levels of smokers (never, ever and past 30-day smokers). Consistent with these behavioral data, the neuropsychological assessments revealed that relative to never smokers, past 7-day adolescent smokers (but not ever smokers or past 30-day smokers) demonstrated significantly lower scores on the IGT. Moreover, a higher proportion of past 7-day smokers (91.7%) performed poorly (no more than an overall net score of 10) on the IGT than nonsmokers and irregular (ever or past 30-day) smokers (about 65.3%). There were no differences on working memory performance for smokers (at any level) compared to never smokers after adjusting for school-type. In addition, logistic regression showed that the IGT significantly predicted past 7-day smoking after controlling for the working memory, school academic performance and demographic variables. These results suggest that poor affective decision making might predispose some adolescents to smoking in the future or in the social situations where their peers are smoking. Intervention targeting affective decision making might hold promise for reducing adolescents’ risks for substance use.

Xiao, Lin; Bechara, Antoine; Cen, Steven; Grenard, Jerry L.; Stacy, Alan W.; Gallaher, Peggy; Wei, Yonglan; Jia, Yong; Johnson, C. Anderson

2008-01-01

22

White Man's Burden: The Expansionist/Anti-Imperialist Debate at the Turn of the Century. 10th Grade Lesson. Schools of California Online Resources for Education (SCORE): Connecting California's Classrooms to the World.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This 10th grade social studies lesson and language arts interdisciplinary curriculum unit asks students to examine the 19th century debate over U.S. foreign policy. Students engage in role playing and debate the expansionist policy versus the anti-imperialist policy. The unit includes an activity description, background information, questions to…

Kohen, Robert

23

VVER-1000 weapons-grade MOX computational benchmark analysis  

SciTech Connect

Calculations of computational benchmark problems for the disposition of weapons-grade plutonium fuel in VVER-1000 reactors have been performed under the Joint US/Russian Fissile Material Disposition Program. The benchmarks cover pin cell, single fuel assembly, and multi-assembly structures with several different fuel types, moderator densities, and boron content for operational and off-normal conditions. Fuel depletion is performed to a burnup of 60 MWd/kgHM. The results of the analysis of the benchmarks with US and Russian code systems have been compared and indicated good agreement among the different methods and data.

Kalugin, M.A.; Lazarenko, A.P.; Kalahnikov, A.G.; Gehin, J.C.

2000-05-07

24

Trends in Substance Use among 6th-to 10th-Grade Students from 1998 to 2010: Findings from a National Probability Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Of the handful of national studies tracking trends in adolescent substance use in the United States, only the Health Behavior in School-Aged Children (HBSC) study collects data from 6th through 10th graders. The purpose of this study was to examine trends from 1998 to 2010 (four time points) in the prevalence of tobacco, alcohol, and marijuana use…

Brooks-Russell, Ashley; Farhat, Tilda; Haynie, Denise; Simons-Morton, Bruce

2014-01-01

25

Effects of a novel science curriculum versus traditional science curriculum on problem solving skills and attitudes for 10th grade students  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study utilized both quantitative and qualitative methods in investigating how a novel science curriculum, geared towards the 21 st century student, affected skills and attitudes towards science for tenth grade students. The quantitative portion of the study was a quasi-experimental design since random groups were not possible. This portion of the study used a pretest\\/posttest design to measure any

Carrie Gauchat

2010-01-01

26

The Impact of Internet Virtual Physics Laboratory Instruction on the Achievement in Physics, Science Process Skills and Computer Attitudes of 10th-Grade Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to investigate and compare the impact of Internet Virtual Physics Laboratory (IVPL) instruction with traditional laboratory instruction in physics academic achievement, performance of science process skills, and computer attitudes of tenth grade students. One-hundred and fifty students from four classes at one private…

Yang, Kun-Yuan; Heh, Jia-Sheng

2007-01-01

27

Modeles de rendement langagier: Francais, 10e annee. Francais langue premiere (Models of Linguistic Production: French, 10th Grade. French as a Native Language).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Aligned with its 1998 standards for first- and second-language learning, Alberta Learning has published lesson plans that aim for a closer relationship between learning and evaluation. Each volume in this series presents a specific task for students that involves planning, carrying out, and evaluating their work. The task for tenth grade students…

Alberta Learning, Edmonton. Direction de l'education francaise.

28

Trends in bullying, physical fighting, and weapon carrying among 6th- through 10th-grade students from 1998 to 2010: findings from a national study.  

PubMed

Objectives. We examined trends from 1998 to 2010 in bullying, bullying victimization, physical fighting, and weapon carrying and variations by gender, grade level, and race/ethnicity among US adolescents. Methods. The Health Behavior in School-Aged Children surveys of nationally representative samples of students in grades 6 through 10 were completed in 1998 (n?=?15?686), 2002 (n?=?14?818), 2006 (n?=?9229), and 2010 (n?=?10?926). We assessed frequency of bullying behaviors, physical fighting, and weapon carrying as well as weapon type and subtypes of bullying. We conducted logistic regression analyses, accounting for the complex sampling design, to identify trends and variations by demographic factors. Results. Bullying perpetration, bullying victimization, and physical fighting declined from 1998 to 2010. Weapon carrying increased for White students only. Declines in bullying perpetration and victimization were greater for boys than for girls. Declines in bullying perpetration and physical fighting were greater for middle-school students than for high-school students. Conclusions. Declines in most violent behaviors are encouraging; however, lack of decline in weapon carrying merits further attention. PMID:24825213

Perlus, Jessamyn G; Brooks-Russell, Ashley; Wang, Jing; Iannotti, Ronald J

2014-06-01

29

The Impact of Internet Virtual Physics Laboratory Instruction on the Achievement in Physics, Science Process Skills and Computer Attitudes of 10th-Grade Students  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The purpose of this study was to investigate and compare the impact of Internet Virtual Physics Laboratory (IVPL) instruction with traditional laboratory instruction in physics academic achievement, performance of science process skills, and computer attitudes of tenth grade students. One-hundred and fifty students from four classes at one private senior high school in Taoyuan Country, Taiwan, R.O.C. were sampled. All four classes contained 75 students who were equally divided into an experimental group and a control group. The pre-test results indicated that the students' entry-level physics academic achievement, science process skills, and computer attitudes were equal for both groups. On the post-test, the experimental group achieved significantly higher mean scores in physics academic achievement and science process skills. There was no significant difference in computer attitudes between the groups. We concluded that the IVPL had potential to help tenth graders improve their physics academic achievement and science process skills.

Yang, Kun-Yuan; Heh, Jia-Sheng

2007-10-01

30

Criterion-related validity of curriculum-based measurement in writing with narrative and expository prompts relative to passage copying speed in 10th grade students.  

PubMed

We investigated the criterion-related validity of four indicators of curriculum-based measurement in writing (WCBM) when using expository versus narrative writing prompts as compared to the validity of passage copying speed. Specifically, we compared criterion-related validity of production-dependent (total words written, correct word sequences), accurate-production (correct minus incorrect word sequences [CIWS]), and production-independent (percent of correct word sequences [%CWS]) scoring methods on narrative and expository writing probes in relation to a state-mandated writing assessment. Participants included all tenth grade students (N=163) from a rural high school in the Midwest. Results indicated that the more complex indicators of writing, %CWS (when taking into account passage copying speed), and CIWS (when passage copying speed was not considered) on narrative probes explained the greatest amount of variance in the criterion measure. None of the WCBM indicators, alone or in combination with passage copying speed, explained more than 25% of the variance in the state writing assessment, suggesting that WCBM may have limitations as a universal screening measure for high school students. PMID:22774783

Mercer, Sterett H; Martínez, Rebecca S; Faust, Dennis; Mitchell, Rachel R

2012-06-01

31

10-th INS Scientific Computational Programs.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Nine groups were accepted as the 10-th INS Scientific Computational Programs (ISCP). This ISCP can use full resources of the INS central computer without an operational limitation. The 10-th ISCP started at June/1/93 and ended at March/30/94. Some results...

1994-01-01

32

Columbines 10th Anniversary Finds Lessons Learned  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

When school administrators hear that the 10th anniversary of the Columbine High School attack is approaching, most shake their heads in disbelief. They are amazed that 10 years have passed since this watershed event, which changed the landscape of K-12 school safety. In this article, the author reflects on the lessons learned from the Columbine…

Trump, Kenneth S.

2009-01-01

33

Analysis of Weapons-Grade MOX VVER-1000 Benchmarks with HELIOS and KENO  

SciTech Connect

Calculations of computational benchmark problems for the disposition of weapons-grade mixed-oxide fuel in VVER-1000 reactors have been performed with the HELIOS fuel assembly analysis code. The benchmarks cover pin cell, single fuel assembly, and multiassembly structures with several different fuel types, moderator densities, and boron content for operational and off-normal conditions. Fuel depletion is performed to a burnup of 60 MWd/kg. The detailed results have been tabulated for multiplication factors, macroscopic and microscopic cross sections, reaction rates, fuel isotopics, and fission distributions. Additional results are given for a preliminary analysis of a multiassembly variant using the KENO Monte Carlo code with cross sections from HELIOS.

Dourougie, C.; Emmett, M.B.; Gehin, J.C.; Lillie, R.A.

1999-07-01

34

Visual Arts Performance Standards at Grades 4, 8 and 12 for North Dakota Visual Art Standards and Benchmarks.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document outlines the performance standards for visual arts in North Dakota public schools, grades K-12. Four levels of performance are provided for each benchmark by North Dakota educators for K-4, 5-8, and 9-12 grade levels. Level 4 describes advanced proficiency; Level 3, proficiency; Level 2, partial proficiency; and Level 1, novice. Each…

Shaw-Elgin, Linda; Jackson, Jane; Kurkowski, Bob; Riehl, Lori; Syvertson, Karen; Whitney, Linda

35

The impacts of statewide benchmark reading tests on the motivations to read of students in grades 4--8  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to examine the perspectives of fourth through eighth grade students related to their motivations to read and the impacts that standardized benchmark reading tests have on their reading motivations. Much debate among educational experts and politicians has focused on the standardized testing regimens required by the No Child Left Behind Act (NCLB). This study

Richard Charles Carriveau

2006-01-01

36

10th Arnual Great Moonbuggy Race  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Students from across the United States and as far away as Puerto Rico came to Huntsville, Alabama for the 10th annual Great Moonbuggy Race at the U.S. Space Rocket Center. Sixty-eight teams, representing high schools and colleges from all over the United States, and Puerto Rico, raced human powered vehicles over a lunar-like terrain. Vehicles powered by two team members, one male and one female, raced one at a time over a half-mile obstacle course of simulated moonscape terrain. The competition is inspired by development, some 30 years ago, of the Lunar Roving Vehicle (LRV), a program managed by the Marshall Space Flight Center. The LRV team had to design a compact, lightweight, all-terrain vehicle that could be transported to the Moon in the small Apollo spacecraft. The Great Moonbuggy Race challenges students to design and build a human powered vehicle so they will learn how to deal with real-world engineering problems similar to those faced by the actual NASA LRV team. In this photograph, Team No. 1 from North Dakota State University in Fargo conquers one of several obstacles on their way to victory. The team captured first place honors in the college level competition.

2003-01-01

37

10th Arnual Great Moonbuggy Race  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Students from across the United States and as far away as Puerto Rico came to Huntsville, Alabama for the 10th annual Great Moonbuggy Race at the U.S. Space Rocket Center. Sixty-eight teams, representing high schools and colleges from all over the United States, and Puerto Rico, raced human powered vehicles over a lunar-like terrain. Vehicles powered by two team members, one male and one female, raced one at a time over a half-mile obstacle course of simulated moonscape terrain. The competition is inspired by development, some 30 years ago, of the Lunar Roving Vehicle (LRV), a program managed by the Marshall Space Flight Center. The LRV team had to design a compact, lightweight, all-terrain vehicle that could be transported to the Moon in the small Apollo spacecraft. The Great Moonbuggy Race challenges students to design and build a human powered vehicle so they will learn how to deal with real-world engineering problems similar to those faced by the actual NASA LRV team. In this photograph, racers from C-1 High School in Lafayette County, Missouri, get ready to tackle the course. The team pedaled its way to victory over 29 other teams to take first place honors. It was the second year in a row a team from the school has placed first in the high school division. (NASA/MSFC)

2003-01-01

38

Self-Perception and Achievement of Black Urban 10th Graders.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Explores the following five dimensions of self-perception held by black urban male 10th-grade students in North Carolina: (1) scholastic competence; (2) athletic competence; (3) physical appearance; (4) behavioral conduct; and (5) job competence. Investigates differences in these aspects of self-concept for 30 students scoring above and 30 scoring…

Reglin, Gary

39

Program To Increase Selected 9th and 10th Graders' Career Decision-Making Skills.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study addresses some of the career decision challenges facing 9th- and 10th-grade students. The researcher discovered that many students possessed inadequate decision-making strategies, that counselors did not focus on career planning prior to and during registration, and that the school district lacked a comprehensive career guidance…

Lee, Linda D.

40

A Chemistry Course for High Ability 8th, 9th, and 10th Graders.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a chemistry course designed, in cooperation with local public school districts, to intellectually challenge a group of 8th, 9th, and 10th grade students. Organic chemistry and biochemistry are integrated into the course (titled Chemistry and Everyday Life) to emphasize practical applications of chemistry. The course syllabus is included.…

Kilker, Richard, Jr.

1985-01-01

41

EDITORIAL: 10th anniversary of attosecond pulses 10th anniversary of attosecond pulses  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Attosecond science is an emerging field prompted by the development of attosecond light sources during the last decade. Since shorter light sources can diagnose faster phenomena, the generation of very short light pulses is critical in ultrafast measurements. In 2001 two groups at Commissariat à l'Energie Atomique (CEA), Saclay, and Technische Universität Wien (TUW), Vienna, succeeded in proving the production of attosecond pulse trains and isolated attosecond pulses using high harmonic generation processes, respectively. For the temporal characterization, cross correlation techniques such as RABITT and FROG CRAB that make use of the photoionization of atoms by harmonic and infrared pulses have been demonstrated, in addition to autocorrelation techniques. Femtosecond laser technology has progressed so well that carrier envelope phase (CEP)-stabilized few cycle lasers are now widely used in the production of attosecond pulses. For the generation of isolated attosecond pulses the high-harmonic generation processes have been controlled: the amplitude gating method has been powerful with CEP-stabilized sub-two-cycle laser pulses and the temporal gating methods, including polarization gating and double optical gating, have been effective in accommodating multi-cycle laser pulses. In achieving near transform-limited attosecond pulses the compensation of the inherent attosecond chirp by material dispersion has been useful. The attosecond pulse duration has reached sub-100 attoseconds both for attosecond pulse trains and isolated attosecond pulses, and it is expected that attosecond pulses shorter than one atomic unit (24 as) will be obtained soon. With attosecond light sources, attosecond science has become an active research field. Ultrafast phenomena in atoms and molecules have been looked at in detail, especially in the time domain. The photoionization processes of atoms and molecules occurring in sub-optical cycles have been analyzed, and ultrafast characteristic times in atoms and molecules, such as Auger decay time and autoionization lifetime, have been measured directly as compared to indirect spectroscopic measurements normally done using synchrotron light sources. The reconstruction of molecular orbital wave functions has been demonstrated by developing the molecular tomography method. Ultrafast phenomena in condensed matter and in nanostructures have been tackled also. The successful development of attosecond light sources has thus opened up a variety of new research activities in ultrafast optical science; it will be continued and accelerated further in coming years with intensive research investments by more groups joining the field of attosecond science. In this special issue celebrating the 10th year of attosecond pulse generation 6 review articles and 16 regular articles are included. Although it does not cover all active research areas, we sincerely hope it gives a glimpse of active research activities in attosecond science throughout the world.

Kienberger, Reinhard; Chang, Zenghu; Nam, Chang Hee

2012-04-01

42

Beyond Discipline: From Compliance to Community. 10th Anniversary Edition  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this 10th anniversary edition of an Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development (ASCD) best seller, the author reflects on his revolutionary ideas in the context of today's emphasis on school accountability and high-stakes testing. The author relates how his innovative approach--where teachers learn to work with students, rather than…

Kohn, Alfie

2006-01-01

43

NADEOSA 10th Anniversary Conference Formal Evaluation Report  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

NADEOSA held its 10th anniversary conference during August 2006 on the theme "Celebrating 10 years of NADEOSA. Exploring the role of ICTs in addressing educational needs: Identifying the myths and miracles." The conference evaluation strategy consisted of a number of consciously planned processes, a dialogical and reflective account which had been…

South African Journal of Higher Education, 2007

2007-01-01

44

10TH International Conference on Retinal Proteins. Program and Abstracts.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report contains the proceedings of the 10th International Conference on Retinal Proteins, which was held at the University of Seattle, WA, on 20-24 August 2002. The report contains the conference program, a list of the participants, abstracts of the ...

T. Ebrey

2003-01-01

45

The Effect of Explicitly Differentiated Reading Instruction Groups on Eighth-Grade Students' Achievement, Behavior, and Engagement in a School Seeking to Reestablish Adequate Yearly Progress Benchmarks  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of explicitly differentiated reading instruction groups on eighth-grade students' achievement, behavior, and engagement in a school seeking to reestablish adequate yearly progress benchmarks. The results of this study supported student participation in explicitly differentiated reading…

Dunphy, Sean P.

2010-01-01

46

meeting summary 10th AMS Symposium on Education.  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The American Meteorological Society held its 10th Symposium on Education in conjunction with the 82nd Annual Meeting in Albuquerque, New Mexico. The theme of 2001's symposium was enhancing public awareness of the atmospheric and oceanic environments. Thirty-six oral presentations and 38 poster presentations summarized a variety of educational programs or examined educational issues at both the precollege and university levels. There was a special session on increasing awareness of meteorology and oceanography through popular and informal educational activities, as well as a joint session with the 17th International Conference on Interactive Information and Processing Systems (IIPS) for Meteorology, Oceanography, and Hydrology on using the World Wide Web to deliver information pertaining to the atmosphere, oceans, and coastal zone. Over 200 people representing a wide spectrum of the Society attended one or more of the sessions in this 2-day conference. The program for the 10th Symposium on Education can be viewed in the November 2000 issue of the Bulletin.

Smith, D. R.; Hayes, M. C.; Ramamurthy, M. K.; Zeitler, J. W.; Murphy, K. A.; Croft, P. J.; Nese, J. M.; Friedman, H. A.; Robinson, H. W.; Thormeyer, C. D.; Ruscher, P. A.; Pandya, R. E.

2001-12-01

47

General Shop Competencies in Vocational Agriculture for 9th and 10th Grade Classes.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The document presents unit plans which offer list of experiences and competencies to be learned for general shop occupations in vocational agriculture. The units include: (1) arc welding, (2) oxy-acetylene welding, (3) flat concrete, (4) concrete block, (5) lumber patterns and wood building materials, (6) metal fasteners, (7) wood adhesives, (8)…

Novotny, Ronald; And Others

48

Attitudes towards Science Learning among 10th-Grade Students: A Qualitative Look  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The twenty-first century is characterized by multiple, frequent and remarkable scientific advancements, which have a major effect on the decisions that govern everyday life. It is therefore vital to give proper comprehensive scientific education to the population and provide it with the right tools for decision-making. This in turn requires that…

Raved, Lena; Assaraf, Orit Ben Zvi

2011-01-01

49

An analysis of women's ways of knowing in a 10th grade integrated science classroom  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

All students can learn science, but how they learn science may differ. This study is about learning science and its relationship to gender. Women need to develop and establish connections with the objects that they are learning and be able to establish a voice in a science classroom. Unfortunately, traditional science classrooms still view science as a male domain and tend to discourage women from pursuing higher levels of science or science related careers. The ways that women learn science are a very complex set of interactions. In order to describe these interactions, this study explored how women's ways of knowing are represented in a high school science classroom. Nine women from an enriched integrated biology and earth science class contributed to this study. The women contributed to this study by participating in individual and group interviews, questionnaires, journals, observations and participant review of the interviews. The ways that these women learn science were described in terms of Belenky, Clinchy, Goldberger, and Tarule's Women's Ways of Knowing: The Development of Self, Voice, and Mind (1997). The women's ways of learning in this classroom tended to be situational with the women fitting different categories of knowing depending on the situation. Most of the women demonstrated periods of time where they wanted to be heard or tried to establish a voice in the classroom. The study helps to provide a theory for how women make choices in their learning of science and the struggle to be successful in a male dominated discipline. The women participating in this study gained an awareness of how they learn science and how that can be used to make them even more successful in the classroom. The awareness of how women learn science will also be of great benefit to other teachers and educators as the work for science reform continues to make science a 'science for all'.

Kochheiser, Karen Lynn

50

Progression in Complexity: Contextualizing Sustainable Marine Resources Management in a 10th Grade Classroom  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Sustainable management of marine resources raises great challenges. Working with this socio-scientific issue in the classroom requires students to apply complex models about energy flow and trophic pyramids in order to understand that food chains represent transfer of energy, to construct meanings for sustainable resources management through…

Bravo-Torija, Beatriz; Jimenez-Aleixandre, Maria-Pilar

2012-01-01

51

Benchmark Characterization  

Microsoft Academic Search

An abstract system of benchmark characteristics that makes it possible, in the beginning of the design stage, to design with benchmark performance in mind is presented. The benchmark characteristics for a set of commonly used benchmarks are then shown. The benchmark set used includes some benchmarks from the Systems Performance Evaluation Cooperative. The SPEC programs are industry-standard applications that use

Thomas M. Conte; Wen-mei W. Hwu

1991-01-01

52

Proceedings of the 10th meeting of the international collaboration on advanced neutron sources  

SciTech Connect

This report contains papers from the 10th meeting of the International Collaboration on Advanced Neutron Sources. Two general types of workshops are discussed, instrument and target-station. Individual papers are indexed separately elsewhere. (LSP)

Hyer, D.K. (comp. and ed.)

1989-03-01

53

1. Historic American Buildings Survey Joseph Hill, Photographer August 10th, ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

1. Historic American Buildings Survey Joseph Hill, Photographer August 10th, 1936 (Copied from small photo taken by survey members) OLD APARTMENT HOUSE - Jansonist Colony, Old Apartment House, Main Street, Bishop Hill, Henry County, IL

54

25. Corner of State and 10th Streets looking west. The ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

25. Corner of State and 10th Streets looking west. The original Norton & Co. warehouse (ca. 1855) is visable in the background. - Lockport Historic District, Bounded by Eighth, Hamilton & Eleventh Streets & Illinois & Michigan Canal, Lockport, Will County, IL

55

European Heterstructure Technology Workshop(10th) Held in Guenzburg, Germany on Sep. 18-19, 2000.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Final Proceedings for 10th European Heterostructure Technology Workshop, 17 September 2000 - 19 September 2000. This conference will cover the following topics: heterojunction technologies and novel materials with applications to environmental sensing...

2000-01-01

56

77 FR 21773 - Filing Dates for The New Jersey Special Election in The 10th Congressional District  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...for The New Jersey Special Election in The 10th Congressional District AGENCY: Federal...filing dates for special election...10th Congressional District held by the late...connection with the Special Primary...

2012-04-11

57

Hypoglycemia in term newborns with a birth weight below the 10th percentile  

PubMed Central

BACKGROUND: Current recommendations suggest that routine screening for hypoglycemia should be performed in all term newborns with a birth weight (BW) below the 10th percentile. The impact of updated growth curves on the incidence of hypoglycemia in small-for-gestational-age (SGA) newborns has not been evaluated. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the occurrence and severity of hypoglycemia in term newborns with a BW between the 10th and fifth percentile, and below the fifth percentile, using recently updated growth curves. DESIGN: A one-year prospective cohort study. METHODS: Inclusion criteria were gestational age of 37 weeks or greater and BW below the 10th percentile. Neonatal hypoglycemia was defined as a blood glucose level of less than 2.6 mmol/L measured after 2 h of life. Blood glucose was measured routinely for all SGA infants during the first 36 h of life. RESULTS: A total of 187 SGA infants met the study criteria: 85 infants with a BW between the 10th and fifth percentile, and 102 infants with a BW below the fifth percentile. The characteristics of the study cohort were similar between BW groups. Twenty-six per cent of the infants screened had at least one episode of hypoglycemia: 22% of infants in the 10th to fifth percentile group and 28% in the less than fifth percentile group. Hypoglycemia was symptomatic in four infants, all of whom were below the fifth percentile for BW. The mean (± SD) lowest blood glucose level was 2.1±0.4 mmol/L (range 0.6 mmol/L to 2.5 mmol/L) in the 10th to fifth percentile group and 2.0±0.5 mmol/L (range 0.8 mmol/L to 2.5 mmol/L) in the less than fifth percentile group (P=0.05). CONCLUSION: The present study demonstrates a high incidence of hypoglycemia among SGA infants with a BW below the 10th percentile using updated growth curves. There was no difference in the incidence of hypoglycemia among SGA infants with a BW below the fifth percentile versus those with a BW between the 10th and fifth percentile.

Mejri, Abdelwaheb; Dorval, Veronique G; Nuyt, Anne Monique; Carceller, Ana

2010-01-01

58

How Many Letters Should Preschoolers in Public Programs Know? The Diagnostic Efficiency of Various Preschool Letter-Naming Benchmarks for Predicting First-Grade Literacy Achievement  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Review of current federal and state standards indicates little consensus or empirical justification regarding appropriate goals, often referred to as benchmarks, for preschool letter-name learning. The present study investigated the diagnostic efficiency of various letter-naming benchmarks using a longitudinal database of 371 children who attended…

Piasta, Shayne B.; Petscher, Yaacov; Justice, Laura M.

2012-01-01

59

Outcomes of the 10th EGU Plinius Conference on Mediterranean Storms (2008)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper comprises a comprehensive account on the outcomes of the 10th Plinius Conference on Mediterranean Storms that was held in Cyprus from 22 to 24 September 2008. Selected papers presented during the Conference were published in two peer reviewed journals that were devoted to this event and are summarized in this concise report.

Michaelides, S. C.; Savvidou, K.; Orphanou, A.; Nicolaides, K.; Tymvios, F.

2011-02-01

60

State Education & Environment Roundtable (SEER) Seminar (10th, Annapolis, Maryland, December 3-7, 2000).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document reports on the 10th seminar of the State Education and Environment Roundtable (SEER). It consists of brief overviews of the daily discussions and presentations that were made at the seminar. Topics discussed include measuring success through student assessment, the Bay Schools Project (BSP), and a co-sponsored educational forum with…

Lieberman, Gerald A.; Hoody, Linda L.

61

Mental Retardation: Definition, Classification, and Systems of Supports. 10th Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This manual, the 10th edition of a regularly published definition and classification work on mental retardation, presents five key assumptions upon which the definition of mental retardation is based and a theoretical model of five essential dimensions that explain mental retardation and how to use the companion system. These dimensions include…

Luckasson, Ruth; Borthwick-Duffy, Sharon; Buntinx, Wil H. E.; Coulter, David L.; Craig, Ellis M.; Reeve, Alya; Schalock, Robert L.; Snell, Martha E.; Spitalnik, Deborah M.; Spreat, Scott; Tasse, Marc J.

62

Preservation of Fossil Seeds From a 10th Century AD Cess Pit at Coppergate, York  

Microsoft Academic Search

Fossilization processes were investigated in terrestrial archaeological deposits, focusing on the preservation of sub-fossil seeds from a 10th century cess pit at Coppergate in York. Flash pyrolysis-gas chromatography\\/mass spectrometry (Py-GC\\/MS) revealed that the bulk of the assemblage comprises well-preserved organic remains, exemplified by blackberry (Rubus fruticosus) endocarps which retain a near-pristine ligno-cellulose composition. Crab apple (Malus sylvestris) pips are unique

Lucy M. E. Mccobb; Derek E. G. Briggs; Richard P. Evershed; Allan R. Hall; Richard A. Hall

2001-01-01

63

Alberta K-12 ESL Proficiency Benchmarks  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Alberta K-12 ESL Proficiency Benchmarks are organized by division: kindergarten, grades 1-3, grades 4-6, grades 7-9, and grades 10-12. They are descriptors of language proficiency in listening, speaking, reading, and writing. The descriptors are arranged in a continuum of seven language competences across five proficiency levels. Several…

Salmon, Kathy; Ettrich, Mike

2012-01-01

64

Final Report 10th Conference on the Intersections of Particle and Nuclear Physics  

SciTech Connect

The 10th Conference on the Intersections of Particle and Nuclear Physics was held in LaJolla, California on May 26 to May 31, 2009. The Conference Proceedings are published by the American Institute of Physics in Volume 1182 of the AIP Conference Proceedings (ISBN: 978-0-7354-0723-7). The Proceedings include papers from each of the Conference Presenters and a detailed schedule of talks at the Conference. The Table of Contents of the Conference Proceedings is available at http://scitation.aip.org/content/aip/proceeding/aipcp/1182. Support by the U.S. Department of Energy and by DOE Laboratories was essential to the success of the Conference.

Marshak, Marvin L. [University of Minnesota] [University of Minnesota

2013-11-03

65

Characterisation of decorations on Iranian (10th-13th century) lustreware  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

It has been recently shown that lustre decoration of Medieval and Renaissance pottery consists of silver and copper nanoparticles, dispersed within the glassy matrix of the ceramic glaze. Lustre surfaces show peculiar optical effects, such as metallic reflection and iridescence. Here we report the findings of a study on lustred glazes of several shards belonging to Iranian pottery of the 10th and 13th centuries, decorated on both sides. Two different glazes, depending on the side of the sample, have been identified. Different lustre chromatic effects are characterised by the relative presence of silver- and copper-metal nanoparticles dispersed in the glassy matrix.

Borgia, I.; Brunetti, B.; Giulivi, A.; Sgamellotti, A.; Shokouhi, F.; Oliaiy, P.; Rahighi, J.; Lamehi-Rachti, M.; Mellini, M.; Viti, C.

66

From the corner of E. Mccloskey Ave. and N. 10th ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

From the corner of E. Mccloskey Ave. and N. 10th St., looking west with building 135 (gas station) on the left. Beyond it is building 119 and to the right of 119 is the gable end of the north side of 120. Beyond and perpendicular to building 120 are 118 and 117. - Fitzsimons General Hospital, Bounded by East Colfax to south, Peoria Street to west, Denver City/County & Adams County Line to north, & U.S. Route 255 to east, Aurora, Adams County, CO

67

'Global avionics in the future' report from the 10th annual battery conference  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In the 10th Annual Battery Conference on Applications and Advances, over 300 came to witness 13 technical sessions on subjects ranging from 'green' batteries to spacecraft batteries, and from batteries for notebook computers to batteries for supplying Alaskan villages with peak power. The utilities will use batteries for energy storage, resource conservation, power-quality involvement, and a substitute for spinning reserve. Those who have attended were electrical engineers who wanted to learn about batteries and electrochemist who wanted to learn how a battery is used and controlled.

Oman, Henry

1995-04-01

68

A Learning Progression for Deepening Students' Understandings of Modern Genetics across the 5th-10th Grades  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Over the past several decades, there has been a tremendous growth in our understanding of genetic phenomena and the intricate and complicated mechanisms that mediate genetic effects. Given the complexity of content in modern genetics and the inadequacy of current instructional methods and materials it seems that a more coherent and extensive…

Duncan, Ravit Golan; Rogat, Aaron D.; Yarden, Anat

2009-01-01

69

Students Left behind: Measuring 10th to 12th Grade Student Persistence Rates in Texas High Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The No Child Left Behind Act requires states to publish high school graduation rates for public schools; the U.S. Department of Education is currently considering a mandate to standardize high school graduation rate reporting. However, no consensus exists among researchers or policymakers about how to measure high school graduation rates. We use…

Domina, Thurston; Ghosh-Dastidar, Bonnie; Tienda, Marta

2010-01-01

70

Students Left Behind: Measuring 10th to 12th Grade Student Persistence Rates in Texas High Schools  

PubMed Central

The No Child Left Behind Act requires states to publish high school graduation rates for public schools and the U.S. Department of Education is currently considering a mandate to standardize high school graduation rate reporting. However, no consensus exists among researchers or policy-makers about how to measure high school graduation rates. In this paper, we use longitudinal data tracking a cohort of students at 82 Texas public high schools to assess the accuracy and precision of three widely-used high school graduation rate measures: Texas’s official graduation rates, and two competing estimates based on publicly available enrollment data from the Common Core of Data. Our analyses show that these widely-used approaches yield inaccurate and highly imprecise estimates of high school graduation and persistence rates. We propose several guidelines for using existing graduation and persistence rate data and argue that a national effort to track students as they progress through high school is essential to reconcile conflicting estimates.

Domina, Thurston; Ghosh-Dastidar, Bonnie; Tienda, Marta

2012-01-01

71

A Cross-Analysis of the Mathematics Teacher's Activity: An Example in a French 10th-Grade Class  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this paper is to contribute to the debate about how to tackle the issue of "the teacher in the teaching/learning process", and to propose a methodology for analysing the teacher's activity in the classroom, based on concepts used in the fields of the didactics of mathematics as well as in cognitive ergonomics. This methodology…

Robert, Aline; Rogalski, Janine

2005-01-01

72

Space Commerce 1994 Forum: The 10th National Space Symposium. Proceedings report  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The theme of the 10th National Space Symposium was 'New Windows of Opportunity'. These proceedings cover the following: Business Trends in High Tech Commercialization; How to Succeed in Space Technology Business -- Making Dollars and Sense; Obstacles and Opportunities to Success in Technology Commercialization NASA's Commercial Technology Mission -- a New Way of Doing Business: Policy and Practices; Field Center Practices; Practices in Action -- A New Way: Implementation and Business Opportunities; Space Commerce Review; Windows of Opportunity; the International Space Station; Space Support Forum; Spacelift Update; Competitive Launch Capabilities; Supporting Life on Planet Earth; National Security Space Issues; NASA in the Balance; Earth and Space Observations -- Did We Have Cousins on Mars?; NASA: A New Vision for Science; and Space Technology Hall of Fame.

Lipskin, Beth Ann (editor); Patterson, Sara (editor); Aragon, Larry (editor); Brescia, David A. (editor); Flannery, Jack (editor); Mossey, Roberty (editor); Regan, Christopher (editor); Steeby, Kurt (editor); Suhr, Stacy (editor); Zimkas, Chuck (editor)

1994-01-01

73

Tuskegee Bioethics Center 10th anniversary presentation: "Commemorating 10 years: ethical perspectives on origin and destiny".  

PubMed

More than 70 years have passed since the beginning of the Public Health Service syphilis study in Tuskegee, Alabama, and it has been over a decade since President Bill Clinton formally apologized for it and held a ceremony for the Tuskegee study participants. The official launching of the Tuskegee University National Center for Bioethics in Research and Health Care took place two years after President Clinton's apology. How might we fittingly discuss the Center's 10th Anniversary and the topic 'Commemorating 10 Years: Ethical Perspectives on Origin and Destiny'? Over a decade ago, a series of writers, many of them African Americans, wrote a text entitled 'African-American Perspectives on Biomedical Ethics'; their text was partly responsible for a prolonged reflection by others to produce a subsequent work, 'African American Bioethics: Culture, Race and Identity'. What is the relationship between the discipline of bioethics and African American culture? This and related questions are explored in this commentary. PMID:20675942

Prograis, Lawrence J

2010-08-01

74

Report on the 10th International Conference of the Asian Clinical Oncology Society (ACOS 2012).  

PubMed

The 10th International Conference of the Asian Clinical Oncology Society (ACOS 2012) in conjunction with the 38th Annual Meeting of the Korean Cancer Association, was held on June 13 to 15 (3 days) 2012 at COEX Convention and Exhibition Center in Seoul, Korea. ACOS has a 20-year history starting from the first conference in Osaka, Japan, which was chaired by Prof. Tetsuo Taguchi and the ACOS conferences have since been conducted in Asian countries every 2 years. Under the theme of "Work Together to Make a Difference for Cancer Therapy in Asia", the 10th ACOS was prepared to discuss various subjects through a high-quality academic program, exhibition, and social events. The ACOS 2012 Committee was composed of the ACOS Organizing Committee, Honorary Advisors, Local Advisors, and ACOS 2012 Organizing Committee. The comprehensive academic program had a total of 92 sessions (3 Plenary Lectures, 1 Award Lectures, 1 Memorial Lectures, 9 Special Lectures, 15 Symposia, 1 Debate & Summary Sessions, 1 Case Conferences, 19 Educational Lectures, 1 Research & Development Session, 18 Satellite Symposia, 9 Meet the Professors, 14 Oral Presentations) and a total 292 presentations were delivered throughout the entire program. Amongst Free Papers, 462 research papers (110 oral presentations and 352 poster presentations) were selected to be presented. This conference was the largest of all ACOS conferences in its scale with around 1,500 participants from 30 countries. Furthermore, despite strict new financial policies and requirements governing fundraising alongside global economic stagnation, a total of 14 companies participated as sponsors and an additional 35 companies purchased 76 exhibition booths. Lastly, the conference social events provided attendees with a variety of opportunities to experience and enjoy Korea's rich culture and traditions during the Opening Ceremony, Welcome Reception, Invitee Dinner, Banquet, and Closing Ceremony. Overall, ACOS 2012 reinforced and promoted Korea's world-class medical research for cancer treatment and prevention. Furthermore, participants recognized that it is more valuable to clarify the current statistics of cancer in Asia and its cure and prevention as people's attention has been gradually growing from ACOS 2009 and ACOS 2012. Also, ACOS 2012 gave us an opportunity to reconsider the vision of ACOS and its core values by closely examining the role of ACOS headquarters for an effectively organized system. PMID:23848008

Kim, Yeul Hong; Yang, Han-Kwang; Kim, Tae Won; Lee, Jung Shin; Seong, Jinsil; Lee, Woo Yong; Ahn, Yong Chan; Lim, Ho Yeong; Won, Jong-Ho; Park, Kyong Hwa; Cho, Kyung Sam

2013-04-01

75

Range Graphics Benchmark.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This document will detail the various avenues available to the government in determining what benchmarks are applicable to the test range community. Areas explored include vendor benchmarks, government developed benchmarks, third party benchmarks, and pro...

1995-01-01

76

10th âÂÂplanetâ discovery creates excitement and debate  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Bid to solve dispute over planetshttp://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/science/nature/4273424.stmâÂÂ10thâ Planet has moon companionhttp://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/science/nature/4304048.stmInformation on the telescope used to discover Xena and Gabriellehttp://www.astro.caltech.edu/palomarnew/sot.htmlDiscovery of XenaâÂÂs moonhttp://www.gps.caltech.edu/~mbrown/planetlila/moon/index.htmlDiscovery of 2003 UB313 the 10th Planethttp://www.gps.caltech.edu/~mbrown/planetlila/International Astronomical Unionhttp://www.iau.orgKuiper Belt pagehttp://www.ifa.hawaii.edu/faculty/jewitt/kb.htmlThe newly discovered âÂÂplanetâ 2003 UB313, otherwise known as Xena, now has a companion in the solar system. Originally spotted in 2003, Xena was not officially announced until July of 2005. On the heels of the publication of XenaâÂÂs existence, comes the revelation that Xena has a moon, named Gabrielle. The names Xena and Gabrielle are only temporary, used by some astronomers because they are simpler to remember than names such as 2003 UB313. To decide the official name, the International Astronomical Union (IAU) must first decide if Xena is in fact a planet, then they will decide if the discoverersâ proposed name will be used. The astronomers who discovered both Xena and Gabrielle cannot reveal their proposed name, so until then the nicknames will have to suffice. Xena was found in the Kuiper Belt, which is a huge region of icy planetary bodies that orbit beyond Neptune in the distant region of the solar system. The discovery of this new planet and its moon has reignited the debate about what properties an object must possess in order to be classed as a planet. Prior to this newest discovery, PlutoâÂÂs status as a planet was already in question by some astronomers. But while Pluto rests on 100 years of history as a planet, newly discovered bodies are not so easily defined. Until the IAU can agree on a definition of a planet, Pluto will continue to hang on tenuously to its status as one of nine planets, and its mnemonic device, My Very Excellent Mother Just Sent Us Nine Pizzas, will remain as well. While the public awaits the final definition of what constitutes a planet, both school children and adults alike can rest easy and will not yet have to ponder what else our excellent mother will send us.The first link takes users to the announcement of the discovery of Xena in August made in the Yale Daily News. The second link takes the user to an article from the BBC further discussing the planetary debate. The third link is a BBC article that includes this weekâÂÂs announcement about XenaâÂÂs moon. For further knowledge about the astronomers and telescope involved with these two discoveries, among others, the fourth link will take the user to their website. The fifth and sixth link will take the user directly to the discovering astronomersâ website for the announcements about the new moon, Xena, and information on the progress of the IAU. If you are interested in the IAU, the seventh link will take you to their website. And finally the last link will take you to a website dedicated to providing more information on the Kuiper Belt and the icy bodies that make up this far region of our solar system.

2005-01-01

77

Report: Combustion Byproducts and Their Health Effects: Summary of the 10th International Congress  

PubMed Central

Abstract The 10th International Congress on Combustion Byproducts and their Health Effects was held in Ischia, Italy, from June 17–20, 2007. It is sponsored by the US NIEHS, NSF, Coalition for Responsible Waste Incineration (CRWI), and Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI). The congress focused on: the origin, characterization, and health impacts of combustion-generated fine and ultrafine particles; emissions of mercury and dioxins, and the development/application of novel analytical/diagnostic tools. The consensus of the discussion was that particle-associated organics, metals, and persistent free radicals (PFRs) produced by combustion sources are the likely source of the observed health impacts of airborne PM rather than simple physical irritation of the particles. Ultrafine particle-induced oxidative stress is a likely progenitor of the observed health impacts, but important biological and chemical details and possible catalytic cycles remain unresolved. Other key conclusions were: (1) In urban settings, 70% of airborne fine particles are a result of combustion emissions and 50% are due to primary emissions from combustion sources, (2) In addition to soot, combustion produces one, possibly two, classes of nanoparticles with mean diameters of?~10?nm and?~1?nm. (3) The most common metrics used to describe particle toxicity, viz. surface area, sulfate concentration, total carbon, and organic carbon, cannot fully explain observed health impacts, (4) Metals contained in combustion-generated ultrafine and fine particles mediate formation of toxic air pollutants such as PCDD/F and PFRs. (5) The combination of metal-containing nanoparticles, organic carbon compounds, and PFRs can lead to a cycle generating oxidative stress in exposed organisms.

Dellinger, Barry; D'Alessio, Antonio; D'Anna, Andrea; Ciajolo, Anna; Gullett, Brian; Henry, Heather; Keener, Mel; Lighty, JoAnn; Lomnicki, Slawomir; Lucas, Donald; Oberdorster, Gunter; Pitea, Demetrio; Suk, William; Sarofim, Adel; Smith, Kirk R.; Stoeger, Tobias; Tolbert, Paige; Wyzga, Ron; Zimmermann, Ralf

2008-01-01

78

PREFACE: The 10th General Conference of the Condensed Matter Division of the European Physical Society  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The 10th General Conference of the Condensed Matter Division of the European Physical Society was held in Lisbon from 9 to 12 April 1990; it was attended by 670 scientists from 28 countries of Europe and overseas. Following the tradition of the series, the Lisbon EPS Conference covered most of the relevant topics in Condensed Matter Physics, organized in three major Symposia: Soft Matter and Polymers, Solid State Physics and The Physics of Materials for future Electronics. The last Symposium was jointly organized with the European Materials Research Society, starting a timely cooperation between both European Societies in important scientific and technological areas of common interest. The Conference included 4 plenary lectures, 69 invited talks and 440 contributions in poster sessions. The present volume T35 of the Topical Issues of Physica Scripta, contains papers of the invited talks. The motivation of this volume is to present a wider information of the contents of the Conference, and also to offer to the participants, and in particular to the younger ones, the opportunity of a deeper personal analysis of the ideas and concepts that have been under discussion during the four days of the Conference. The local organization of the Conference was the responsibility of the Portuguese Physical Society, through its Division of Condensed Matter Physics. The event substituted in 1990 the Iberian Symposium on Condensed Matter Physics, which is regularly and alternatively organized in Spain and Portugal every two years, under the special sponsorship of Unesco. We wish to express our thanks to the Conference Committees, to the authors and the individuals who contributed to the contents of the Conference. A special acknowledgement is due to the Sponsors for their generous support of this event.

Sousa, J. B.

1991-01-01

79

Film Study Course, Tenth Grade.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Part of a language arts program developed under an ESEA Title 3 grant, this curriculum guide for film study in the 10th grade is intended to help students (1) view films more critically, (2) understand the procedures of film making, and (3) appreciate the film as a work of art. Nine films are recommended for viewing, and sample lessons, including…

Ziegler, Fred H.; Schulz, H. James

80

Mathematics 10th Year. Curriculum Bulletin, 1964-65 Series, Number 8.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This bulletin suggests teaching procedures for a tenth-grade geometry course. An introduction states general objectives and discusses the nature of inductive and deductive thinking. Lesson outlines follow which give a statement of objectives and a plan for development. Major lesson groupings are congruent triangles, parallel lines, quadrilaterals,…

New York City Board of Education, Brooklyn, NY. Bureau of Curriculum Development.

81

Benchmarking Reference Services  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article is a companion to an introductory article on benchmarking published in an earlier issue of Medical Reference Services Quarterly. Librarians interested in benchmarking often ask the following questions: How do I determine what to benchmark; how do I form a benchmarking team; how do I identify benchmarking partners; what's the best way to collect and analyze benchmarking information;

Holly Shipp Buchanan; Joanne G. Marshall

1996-01-01

82

Graduate Students Lend Their Voices: Reflections on the 10th Seminar in Health and Environmental Education Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Graduate students were invited by their faculty advisors to attend the 10th Seminar in Health and Environmental Education Research. Afterward, they were encouraged to comment on their experiences, involvement, and positioning. Two main authors developed survey questions and retrieved, analyzed, and synthesized the responses of four other graduate…

Russell, Joshua; White, Peta; Fook, Tanya Chung Tiam; Kayira, Jean; Muller, Susanne; Oakley, Jan

2010-01-01

83

Examining Students' Views on the Nature of Science: Results from Korean 6th, 8th, and 10th Graders  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this study, students' views on the nature of science (NOS) were investigated with the use of a large-scale survey. An empirically derived multiple-choice format questionnaire was administered to 1702 Korean 6th, 8th, and 10th graders. The questionnaire consisted of five items that respectively examined students' views on five constructs…

Kang, Sukjin; Scharmann, Lawrence C.; Noh, Taehee

2005-01-01

84

Selected Papers from the International Conference on College Teaching and Learning (10th, Jacksonville, Florida, April 1999).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

These 20 papers were selected from those presented at the 10th International Conference on College Teaching and Learning. Papers have the following titles and authors: (1) "Case It! A Project to Integrate Collaborative Case-Based Learning into International Undergraduate Biology Curricula" (Bergland, Klyczek, Lundeberg, Mogen, Johnson); (2) "The…

Chambers, Jack A., Ed.

85

Risk Communication and Public Education in Edmonton, Alberta, Canada on the 10th Anniversary of the "Black Friday" Tornado  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In July 1997, on the 10th anniversary of the great "Black Friday" Tornado, city officials of Edmonton, the print and broadcast media, agencies dealing in emergency management, and the national weather organisation recounted stories of the 1987, F5 tornado that struck Edmonton on a holiday weekend. The information campaign also presented…

Blanchard-Boehm, R. Denise; Cook, M. Jeffrey

2004-01-01

86

Mathematics Content Standards Benchmarks and Performance Standards  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

New Mexico Mathematics Content Standards, Benchmarks, and Performance Standards identify what students should know and be able to do across all grade levels, forming a spiraling framework in the sense that many skills, once introduced, develop over time. While the Performance Standards are set forth at grade-specific levels, they do not exist as…

New Mexico Public Education Department, 2008

2008-01-01

87

Benchmark Glaciers  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The United States Geological Survey (USGS) operates a long-term "benchmark" glacier program to intensively monitor climate, glacier motion, glacier mass balance, glacier geometry, and stream runoff at a few select sites. The data collected are used to understand glacier-related hydrologic processes and improve the quantitative prediction of water resources, glacier-related hazards, and the consequences of climate change. This page presents some of the balance, runoff, and temperature data for three glaciers: Gulkana, South Cascade and Wolverine. Reports for each of these glaciers uses the collected data to draw many conclusions. There is also a section with common questions and myths about glaciers.

88

The Nas Parallel Benchmarks  

Microsoft Academic Search

A new set of benchmarks has been developed for the performance evaluation of highly parallel supercomputers. These benchmarks consist of five parallel kernels and three simulated application benchmarks. Together theymimic the computation and data movement characteristics of large scale computational fluid dynamics (CFD) applications.The principal distinguishing feature of these benchmarks is their penciland paper specification---all details of these benchmarks are

D. Bailey; E. Barszcz; J. Barton; D. Browning; R. Carter; L. Dagum

1994-01-01

89

Fortified Settlements of the 9th and 10th Centuries ad in Central Europe: Structure, Function and Symbolism.  

PubMed

THE STRUCTURE, FUNCTION(S) and symbolism of early medieval (9th-10th centuries ad) fortified settlements from central Europe, in particular today's Austria, Hungary, Czech Republic and Slovakia, are examined in this paper. It offers an overview of the current state of research together with new insights based on analysis of the site of Gars-Thunau in Lower Austria. Special emphasis is given to the position of the fortified sites in the landscape, to the elements of the built environment and their spatial organisation, as well as to graves within the fortified area. The region under study was situated on the SE border of the Carolingian (and later the Ottonian) Empire, with some of the discussed sites lying in the territory of the 'Great Moravian Empire' in the 9th and 10th centuries. These sites can therefore provide important comparative data for researchers working in other parts of the Carolingian Empire and neighbouring regions. PMID:23564981

Herold, Hajnalka

2012-11-01

90

Fortified Settlements of the 9th and 10th Centuries ad in Central Europe: Structure, Function and Symbolism  

PubMed Central

THE STRUCTURE, FUNCTION(S) and symbolism of early medieval (9th–10th centuries ad) fortified settlements from central Europe, in particular today’s Austria, Hungary, Czech Republic and Slovakia, are examined in this paper. It offers an overview of the current state of research together with new insights based on analysis of the site of Gars-Thunau in Lower Austria. Special emphasis is given to the position of the fortified sites in the landscape, to the elements of the built environment and their spatial organisation, as well as to graves within the fortified area. The region under study was situated on the SE border of the Carolingian (and later the Ottonian) Empire, with some of the discussed sites lying in the territory of the ‘Great Moravian Empire’ in the 9th and 10th centuries. These sites can therefore provide important comparative data for researchers working in other parts of the Carolingian Empire and neighbouring regions.

Herold, Hajnalka

2012-01-01

91

Charred plant remains from a 10th millennium B.P. kitchen at Jerf el Ahmar (Syria)  

Microsoft Academic Search

.   The Pre-potteryNeolithic A (PPNA) site of Jerf el Ahmar, Syria, dated to the 10th millennium uncal B.P., has produced over\\u000a 657 flotation samples which are now under study. The results described in this article were obtained from the analysis of\\u000a 32 samples of charred plant remains taken from a room of 2.5 × 3 m, which had been destroyed

George Willcox

2002-01-01

92

Pagan-Christian change in northeastern Hungary in the 10th-13th centuries AD--a palaeodemographic aspect.  

PubMed

In the present paper the authors compared skeletal populations (2421 individuals) excavated from four cemeteries, namely Hajdúdorog-Gyúlás (10th century AD), Hajdidorog-Temetöhegy (11th century AD), Hajdúdorog-Katidülö (12th-13th century AD) and Hajdúdorog-Szálldáföld (12th-13th century AD) from a micro-region of Northern Hajdúság (located in the northern part of the Great Hungarian Plain in Hungary in the Carpathian Basin) based on demographic data. The cemeteries were dated to the age of the Hungarian conquest and the Arpadian age and provided representative data for anthropological research. Previous studies based on craniological and archaeological investigations have already suggested that there was discontinuity in the population history between the 10th and the 11th centuries AD and continuity between the 11th and 12th centuries AD in this region. This hypothesis could be partially supported by demographic investigations because conclusive evidence was found that there must have been a change in the population at the turn of the 10th and 11th centuries AD, and there was certain continuity between the 11th and 12-13th centuries AD. The authors suppose that there were two crises in the examined period: the first crisis set in at the transition from the pagan era (10th century AD) to the Christian era (from the beginning of the 11th century AD, with population resettlements within the Carpathian Basin), the second might have been more moderate and meant burying the dead of the populations lacking a church in the churchyards of villages which had a church. At that time one graveyard around a church may have been used by several village populations. PMID:24851634

János, István; Szathmiry, László; Hüse, Lajos

2014-03-01

93

Benchmarking in Student Affairs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the use of benchmarking in student affairs, focusing on issues related to student housing. Provides examples of how benchmarking has influenced administrative practice at many institutions. (EV)

Mosier, Robert E.; Schwarzmueller, Gary J.

2002-01-01

94

Carpenter, Tractors and Microbes for the Development of Logical-Mathematical Thinking--The Way 10th Graders and Pre-Service Teachers Solve Thinking Challenges  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The objective of this case study was to investigate the ability of 10th graders and pre-service teachers to solve logical-mathematical thinking challenges. The challenges do not require mathematical knowledge beyond that of primary school but rather an informed use of the problem representation. The percentage of correct answers given by the 10th

Gazit, Avikam

2012-01-01

95

Injuries and Physical Fitness Before and After Deployments of the 10th Mountain Division to Afghanistan and the 1st Cavalry Division to Iraq, September 2005 - October 2008.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This project examined injuries and physical fitness before and after deployments of the 10th Mountain Division to Afghanistan (10thMt cohort, n=505 men) and 1st Cavalry Division to Iraq (1stCav cohort, n=3242 men). Deployed Soldiers' outpatient medical en...

A. Spiess J. J. Knapik M. A. Sharp M. E. Lester T. L. Grier

2008-01-01

96

Is the 10th and 11th Intercostal Space a Safe Approach for Percutaneous Nephrostomy and Nephrolithotomy?  

SciTech Connect

The aim of this study was to determine the rate of complications in percutaneous nephrostomy (PCN) and nephrolithotomy (PCNL) performed through the 11th and 10th intercostal spaces using our monitoring technique and to discuss the safety of the procedure. Out of 398 PCNs and PCNLs carried out during a 3-year period, 56 patients had 57 such procedures performed using an intercostal approach. The 11th intercostal route was used in 42 and the 10th in 15 cases. One patient had two separate nephrostomies performed through the 10th and 11th intercostal spaces. The technique utilizes bi-planar fluoroscopy with a combination of a conventional angiographic machine to provide anterior-posterior fluoroscopy and a C-arm mobile fluoroscopy machine to give a lateral view, displayed on two separate monitors. None of the patients had clinically significant thoracic or abdominal complications. Two patients had minor chest complications. Only one developed changes (plate atelectasis, elevation of the hemi-diaphragm) directly related to the nephrostomy (2%). The second patient had bilateral plate atelectasis and unilateral congestive lung changes after PCNL. These changes were not necessarily related to the procedure but rather to general anesthesia during nephrolithotomy. The authors consider PCN or PCNL through the intercostal approach a safe procedure with a negligible complication rate, provided that it is performed under bi-planar fluoroscopy, which allows determination of the skin entry point just below the level of pleural reflection and provides three-dimensional monitoring of advancement of the puncturing needle toward the target entry point.

Muzrakchi, Ahmed Al; Szmigielski, W., E-mail: wojszmi@qatar.net.qa; Omar, Ahmed J.S. [Hamad Medical Corporation, Department of Radiology (Qatar); Younes, Nagy M. [Hamad Medical Corporation, Urology Section (Qatar)

2004-09-15

97

Analysis and test for space shuttle propellant dynamics (1/10th scale model test results). Volume 1: Technical discussion  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Space shuttle propellant dynamics during ET/Orbiter separation in the RTLS (return to launch site) mission abort sequence were investigated in a test program conducted in the NASA KC-135 "Zero G" aircraft using a 1/10th-scale model of the ET LOX Tank. Low-g parabolas were flown from which thirty tests were selected for evaluation. Data on the nature of low-g propellant reorientation in the ET LOX tank, and measurements of the forces exerted on the tank by the moving propellent will provide a basis for correlation with an analytical model of the slosh phenomenon.

Berry, R. L.; Tegart, J. R.; Demchak, L. J.

1979-01-01

98

Contributions from the 10th International Conference on Gas in Marine Sediments, Listvyanka (Russia), 6-11 September 2010  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The 10th International Conference on Gas in Marine Sediments (GIMS10) took place from 6 to 11 September 2010 in Listvyanka (Russia), on the shores of Lake Baikal. The conference was organized as a double jubilee, celebrating both the fact that it was the 10th event in this series and the 20th anniversary of the series. A total of 72 oral and 47 poster presentations were given in eight thematic sessions and the presentations were discussed by 126 participants from academic, governmental and commercial institutions from 19 countries, consisting of geologists, biologists, microbiologists, geophysicists, geochemists, oceanographers and limnologists. Volume 32(5/6) of Geo-Marine Letters is a double issue containing 16 selected papers from GIMS10, and has been guest edited by M. De Batist and O. Khlystov. The papers reflect the broad-spectrum disciplines represented at the conference and cover a wide range of aspects of gas in marine sediments from many parts of the world, but with a special emphasis on the gas seeps, gas hydrates and mud volcanoes of Lake Baikal.

De Batist, Marc; Khlystov, Oleg

2012-12-01

99

Examining students' views on the nature of science: Results from Korean 6th, 8th, and 10th graders  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this study, students' views on the nature of science (NOS) were investigated with the use of a large-scale survey. An empirically derived multiple-choice format questionnaire was administered to 1702 Korean 6th, 8th, and 10th graders. The questionnaire consisted of five items that respectively examined students' views on five constructs concerning the NOS: purpose of science, definition of scientific theory, nature of models, tentativeness of scientific theory, and origin of scientific theory. Students were also asked to respond to an accompanying open-ended section for each item in order to collect information about the rationale(s) for their choices. The results indicated that the majority of Korean students possessed an absolutist/empiricist perspective about the NOS. It was also found that, on the whole, there were no clear differences in the distributions of 6th, 8th, and 10th graders' views on the NOS. In some questions, distinct differences between Korean students and those of Western countries were found. Educational implications are discussed.

Kang, Sukjin; Scharmann, Lawrence C.; Noh, Taehee

2005-03-01

100

The NAS parallel benchmarks  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A new set of benchmarks was developed for the performance evaluation of highly parallel supercomputers. These benchmarks consist of a set of kernels, the 'Parallel Kernels,' and a simulated application benchmark. Together they mimic the computation and data movement characteristics of large scale computational fluid dynamics (CFD) applications. The principal distinguishing feature of these benchmarks is their 'pencil and paper' specification - all details of these benchmarks are specified only algorithmically. In this way many of the difficulties associated with conventional benchmarking approaches on highly parallel systems are avoided.

Bailey, David (editor); Barton, John (editor); Lasinski, Thomas (editor); Simon, Horst (editor)

1993-01-01

101

The Interpretations and Applications of Boethius's Introduction to the Arithmetic II,1 at the End of the 10th Century  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper deals with comments and glosses to the first chapter of the second book of Boethius's Introduction to Arithmetic from the last quarter of the 10th century. Those texts were written by Gerbert of Aurillac (Scholium ad Boethii Arithmeticam Institutionem l. II, c. 1), Abbo of Fleury (commentary on the Calculus by Victorius of Aquitaine, the so-called De numero, mensura et pondere), Notker of Liège (De superparticularibus) and by the anonymous author (De arithmetica Boetii). The main aim of this paper is to show that Boethius's statements about the converting numerical sequences to equality from this work could be interpreted minimally in two different ways. This paper discussed also the application of this topic in other liberal arts (like astronomy, music, grammar etc.) and in playing game called rithmomachia, the medieval philosophers' game.

Otisk, Marek

102

Benchmarking for Higher Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The chapters in this collection explore the concept of benchmarking as it is being used and developed in higher education (HE). Case studies and reviews show how universities in the United Kingdom are using benchmarking to aid in self-regulation and self-improvement. The chapters are: (1) "Introduction to Benchmarking" (Norman Jackson and Helen…

Jackson, Norman, Ed.; Lund, Helen, Ed.

103

Stability and Change in Interests: A Longitudinal Study of Adolescents from Grades 8 through 12  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The pattern of RIASEC interests and academic skills were assessed longitudinally from a large-scale national database at three time points: eight grade, 10th grade, and 12th grade. Validation and cross-validation samples of 1000 males and 1000 females in each set were used to test the pattern of these scores over time relative to mean changes,…

Tracey, Terence J. G.; Robbins, Steven B.; Hofsess, Christy D.

2005-01-01

104

Benchmarking your benchmarks: a user's perspective  

SciTech Connect

This paper is intended for anyone faced with the responsibility for computer hardware or software selection. The content is biased toward administrative considerations, although some technical issues are presented. The basic goal is to promote a role for benchmarking in the computer acquisition process that is significantly broader than that commonly employed. We attempt to do this by showing how a thorough benchmarking effort (in the usual sense) did not provide sufficient information to accurately predict user satisfaction and productivity. We describe other measures of a system's properties that should be included in benchmarking.

Brice, R.

1982-01-01

105

Genomic Variation in a Global Village: Report of the 10th Annual Human Genome Variation Meeting 2008  

PubMed Central

The Centre for Applied Genomics of the Hospital for Sick Children and the University of Toronto hosted the 10th Human Genome Variation (HGV) Meeting in Toronto, Canada, in October 2008, welcoming about 240 registrants from 34 countries. During the 3 days of plenary workshops, keynote address, and poster sessions, a strong cross-disciplinary trend was evident, integrating expertise from technology and computation, through biology and medicine, to ethics and law. Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) as well as the larger copy number variants (CNVs) are recognized by ever-improving array and next-generation sequencing technologies, and the data are being incorporated into studies that are increasingly genome-wide as well as global in scope. A greater challenge is to convert data to information, through databases, and to use the information for greater understanding of human variation. In the wake of publications of the first individual genome sequences, an inaugural public forum provided the opportunity to debate whether we are ready for personalized medicine through direct-to-consumer testing. The HGV meetings foster collaboration, and fruits of the interactions from 2008 are anticipated for the 11th annual meeting in September 2009.

Brookes, Anthony J.; Chanock, Stephen J.; Hudson, Thomas J.; Peltonen, Leena; Abecasis, Goncalo; Kwok, Pui-Yan; Scherer, Stephen W.

2013-01-01

106

XAFS study of copper and silver nanoparticles in glazes of medieval middle-east lustreware (10th-13th century)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

It has recently been shown that lustre decoration of medieval and Renaissance pottery consists of silver and copper nanoparticles dispersed in the glassy matrix of the ceramic glaze. Here the findings of an X-ray absorption fine structure (XAFS) study on lustred glazes of shards belonging to 10th and 13rd century pottery from the National Museum of Iran are reported. Absorption spectra in the visible range have been also measured in order to investigate the relations between colour and glaze composition. Gold colour is mainly due to Ag nanoparticles, though Ag+, Cu+ and Cu2+ ions can be also dispersed within the glassy matrix, with different ratios. Red colour is mainly due to Cu nanoparticles, although some Ag nanoparticles, Ag+ and Cu+ ions can be present. The achievement of metallic Cu and the absence of Cu2+ indicate a higher reduction of copper in red lustre. These findings are in substantial agreement with previous results on Italian Renaissance pottery. In spite of the large heterogeneity of cases, the presence of copper and silver ions in the glaze confirms that lustre formation is mediated by a copper- and silver-alkali ion exchange, followed by nucleation and growth of metal nanoparticles.

Padovani, S.; Puzzovio, D.; Sada, C.; Mazzoldi, P.; Borgia, I.; Sgamellotti, A.; Brunetti, B. G.; Cartechini, L.; D'Acapito, F.; Maurizio, C.; Shokoui, F.; Oliaiy, P.; Rahighi, J.; Lamehi-Rachti, M.; Pantos, E.

2006-06-01

107

Predicting Long-Term College Success through Degree Completion Using ACT[R] Composite Score, ACT Benchmarks, and High School Grade Point Average. ACT Research Report Series, 2012 (5)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study compared the effectiveness of ACT[R] Composite score and high school grade point average (HSGPA) for predicting long-term college success. Outcomes included annual progress towards a degree (based on cumulative credit-bearing hours earned), degree completion, and cumulative grade point average (GPA) at 150% of normal time to degree…

Radunzel, Justine; Noble, Julie

2012-01-01

108

A Comparison Study of AVID and GEAR UP 10th-Grade Students in Two High Schools in the Rio Grande Valley of Texas  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines 4 groups of high school students enrolled in 2 college preparatory programs, AVID and GEAR UP. Differences in student educational aspirations, expectations and anticipations, knowledge of college entrance requirements, knowledge of financial aid, and academic achievement in mathematics were examined. Adelman's (1999)…

Watt, Karen M.; Huerta, Jeffery; Lozano, Aliber

2007-01-01

109

The Enlightenment Music Contract. 10th Grade Lesson. Schools of California Online Resources for Education (SCORE): Connecting California's Classrooms to the World.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The "philosophes" of the Enlightenment Period were a group of free (different) thinkers who offered commentary on societal issues. Often, they were like one of today's social commentators suggesting reforms for the political system. Since the United States during the era of the Revolutionary War was seeking reform of what they considered English…

Kelly, Freda

110

The impact of high-stakes, state-mandated student performance assessment on 10th grade English, mathematics, and science teachers' instructional practices  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to determine if the public release of student results on high-stakes, state-mandated performance assessments influence instructional practices, and if so in what manner. The research focused on changes in teachers' instructional practices and factors that may have influenced such changes since the public release of high-stakes, state-mandated student performance assessment scores. The data for

Kenneth E. Vogler

2000-01-01

111

Criterion-Related Validity of Curriculum-Based Measurement in Writing With Narrative and Expository Prompts Relative to Passage Copying Speed in 10th Grade Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

We investigated the criterion-related validity of four indicators of curriculum-based measurement in writing (WCBM) when using expository versus narrative writing prompts as compared to the validity of passage copying speed. Specifically, we compared criterion-related validity of production-dependent (total words written, correct word sequences), accurate-production (correct minus incorrect word sequences [CIWS]), and production-independent (percent of correct word sequences [% CWS]) scoring

Sterett H. Mercer; Rebecca S. Martínez; Dennis Faust; Rachel R. Mitchell

2012-01-01

112

The Tibet Question. [10th Grade Lesson]. Schools of California Online Resources for Education (SCORE): Connecting California's Classrooms to the World.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this interdisciplinary curriculum unit, students examine and debate the relationship between China and Tibet. Students are expected to produce a mock television report covering topics related to the Tibet question, such as historical issues, the policies of the U.S., Chinese, and Tibetan governments, and human rights concerns. Students are…

La Porte, Mark

113

Benchmarks for target tracking  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The term benchmark originates from the chiseled horizontal marks that surveyors made, into which an angle-iron could be placed to bracket ("bench") a leveling rod, thus ensuring that the leveling rod can be repositioned in exactly the same place in the future. A benchmark in computer terms is the result of running a computer program, or a set of programs, in order to assess the relative performance of an object by running a number of standard tests and trials against it. This paper will discuss the history of simulation benchmarks that are being used by multiple branches of the military and agencies of the US government. These benchmarks range from missile defense applications to chemical biological situations. Typically, a benchmark is used with Monte Carlo runs in order to tease out how algorithms deal with variability and the range of possible inputs. We will also describe problems that can be solved by a benchmark.

Dunham, Darin T.; West, Philip D.

2011-09-01

114

The oo7 Benchmark  

Microsoft Academic Search

The OO7 Benchmark represents a comprehensive test of OODBMS performance. In thisreport we describe the benchmark and present performance results from its implementationin four OODB systems. It is our hope that the OO7 Benchmark will provide useful insightfor end-users evaluating the performance of OODB systems# we also hope that the researchcommunity will find that OO7 provides a database schema, instance,

Michael J. Carey; David J. Dewitt; Jeffrey F. Naughton

1993-01-01

115

The 007 Benchmark  

Microsoft Academic Search

The OO7 Benchmark represents a comprehensive test of OODBMS performance. In this paper we describe the benchmark and present performance results from its implementation in three OODBMS systems. It is our hope that the OO7 Benchmark will provide useful insight for end-users evaluating the performance of OODBMS systems; we also hope that the research community will find that OO7 provides

Michael J. Carey; David J. DeWitt; Jeffrey F. Naughton

1993-01-01

116

BENCHMARK DOSE SOFTWARE (BMDS)  

EPA Science Inventory

EPA has announced the latest update to the Benchmark Dose Software (BMDS) tool which is used to facilitate the application of benchmark dose (BMD) methods to EPA hazardous pollutant risk assessments. This latest version (1.4.1b) contains seventeen (17) different models that ar...

117

LASL Benchmark Performance 1978.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report presents the results of running several benchmark programs on a CDC STAR-100, a Cray Research CRAY-1, a CDC 6600, a CDC 7600, and a CDC Cyber 73. The benchmark effort included CRAY-1's at several installations running different operating syste...

A. L. McKnight

1979-01-01

118

NAS Parallel Benchmarks.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The NAS Parallel Benchmarks (NPB) are a suite of parallel computer performance benchmarks. They were originally developed at the NASA Ames Research Center in 1991 to assess high-end parallel supercomputers. Although they are no longer used as widely as th...

D. H. Bailey

2009-01-01

119

A Synthetic Benchmark  

Microsoft Academic Search

A simple method of measuring performance is by means of a benchmark pro- gram. Unless such a program is carefully constructed it is unlikely to be typical of the many thousands of programs run at an installation. An example benchmark for measuring the processor power of scientific computers is presented: this is compared with other methods of assessing computer power.

H. J. Curnow; Brian A. Wichmann

1976-01-01

120

Making Benchmark Testing Work  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many schools are moving to develop benchmark tests to monitor their students' progress toward state standards throughout the academic year. Benchmark tests can provide the ongoing information that schools need to guide instructional programs and to address student learning problems. The authors discuss six criteria that educators can use to…

Herman, Joan L.; Baker, Eva L.

2005-01-01

121

Benchmarking in public procurement  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – This paper investigates the technique of benchmarking to improve the quality of the public procurement process and discusses the importance of benchmarking to overcome perceived weaknesses with these processes. This is followed by a case study of Sri-Lanka, exploring the difficulties faced by public sector employees in separating the daily business of government from the political influences of

Jeanette Raymond

2008-01-01

122

Benchmark Dose Modeling-2  

EPA Science Inventory

The objective of this full-day course is to provide participants with interactive training on the use of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency’s (EPA) Benchmark Dose Software (BMDS) and its application to risk assessment. Benchmark dose (BMD) modeling involves fitting m...

123

Development and validation of the Excess Mortality Ratio-adjusted Injury Severity Score Using the International Classification of Diseases 10th Edition.  

PubMed

Objectives: This study aimed to develop and validate a new method for measuring injury severity, the excess mortality ratio-adjusted Injury Severity Score (EMR-ISS), using the International Classification of Diseases 10th Edition (ICD-10).Methods: An injury severity grade similar to the Abbreviated Injury Scale (AIS) was converted from the ICD-10 codes on the basis of quintiles of the EMR for each ICD-10 code. Like the New Injury Severity Score (NISS), the EMR-ISS was calculated from three maximum severity grades using data from the Korean National Injury Database. The EMR-ISS was then validated using the Hosmer-Lemeshow goodness-of-fit chi-square (HL chi-square, with lower values preferable), the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC-ROC), and the Pearson correlation coefficient to compare it with the International Classification of Diseases 9th Edition-based Injury Severity Score (ICISS). Nationwide hospital discharge abstract data (DAD) from stratified-sample general hospitals (n = 150) in 2004 were used for an external validation.Results: The total number of study subjects was 29,282,531, with five subgroups of particular interest identified for further study: traumatic brain injury (TBI, n = 3,768,670), traumatic chest injury (TCI,n = 1,169,828), poisoning (n = 251,565), burns (n = 869,020), and DAD (n = 26,374). The HL chi-square was lower for EMR-ISS than for ICISS in all groups: 42,410.8 versus 55,721.9 in total injury, 7,139.6 versus 20,653.9 in TBI, 6,603.3 versus 4,531.8 in TCI, 2,741.2 versus 9,112.0 in poisoning, 764.4 versus 4,532.1 in burns, and 28.1 versus 49.4 in DAD. The AUC-ROC for death was greater for EMR-ISS than for ICISS: 0.920 versus 0.728 in total injury, 0.907 versus 0.898 in TBI, 0.675 versus 0.799 in TCI, 0.857 versus 0.900 in poisoning, 0.735 versus 0.682 in burns, and 0.850 versus 0.876 in DAD. The Pearson correlation coefficient between the two scores was )0.68 in total injury, )0.76 in TBI, )0.86 in TCI, )0.69 in poisoning,)0.58 in burns, and )0.75 in DAD.Conclusions: The EMR-ISS showed better calibration and discrimination power for prediction of death than the ICISS in most injury groups. The EMR-ISS appears to be a feasible tool for passive injury surveillance of large data sets, such as insurance data sets or community injury registries containing diagnosis codes. Additional further studies for external validation on prospectively collected data sets should be considered. PMID:19388920

Kim, Jaiyong; Shin, Sang Do; Im, Tai Ho; Kug Jong Lee; Ko, Sang Back; Park, Ju Ok; Ahn, Ki Ok; Song, Kyoung Jun

2009-05-01

124

Travel to Japan for the 10th international symposium on the packaging and transportation of radioactive materials. Foreign trip report, September 14, 1992--October 2, 1992.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report details a trip to Japan by an ORNL site manager. The purpose of the trip was to attend the 10th International Symposium on the Packaging and Transportation of Radioactive Materials (PATRAM '92) and to visit the Takai-mura facilities of the Jap...

G. E. Whitesides

1992-01-01

125

Advances in Classification Research. Volume 10. Proceedings of the ASIS SIG/CR Classification Research Workshop (10th, Washington, DC, November 1-5, 1999). ASIST Monograph Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This volume is a compilation of the papers presented at the 10th ASIS (American Society for Information Science) workshop on classification research. Major themes include the social and cultural informatics of classification and coding systems, subject access and indexing theory, genre analysis and the agency of documents in the ordering of…

Albrechtsen, Hanne, Ed.; Mai, Jens-Erik, Ed.

126

KRITZ-2 Experimental Benchmark Analysis  

SciTech Connect

The KRITZ-2 experiment has been adopted by the OECD/NEA Task Force on Reactor-Based Plutonium Disposition for use as a benchmark exercise. The KRITZ-2 experiment consists of three different core configurations (one with near-weapons-grade MOX) with critical conditions a 20 C and 245 C. The KRITZ-2 experiment has calculated the MCU-REA code, which is a continuous energy Monte Carlo code system developed at the Russian Research Center--Kurchatov Institute and is used extensively in the Fissile Materials Disposition Program. The calculated results for k{sub eff} and fission rate distributions are compared with the experimental data and results of other codes. The results are in good agreement with the experimental values.

Pavlovichev, A.M.

2001-09-28

127

Translational benchmark risk analysis  

PubMed Central

Translational development – in the sense of translating a mature methodology from one area of application to another, evolving area – is discussed for the use of benchmark doses in quantitative risk assessment. Illustrations are presented with traditional applications of the benchmark paradigm in biology and toxicology, and also with risk endpoints that differ from traditional toxicological archetypes. It is seen that the benchmark approach can apply to a diverse spectrum of risk management settings. This suggests a promising future for this important risk-analytic tool. Extensions of the method to a wider variety of applications represent a significant opportunity for enhancing environmental, biomedical, industrial, and socio-economic risk assessments.

Piegorsch, Walter W.

2010-01-01

128

Toxicological Benchmarks for Wildlife  

SciTech Connect

Ecological risks of environmental contaminants are evaluated by using a two-tiered process. In the first tier, a screening assessment is performed where concentrations of contaminants in the environment are compared to no observed adverse effects level (NOAEL)-based toxicological benchmarks. These benchmarks represent concentrations of chemicals (i.e., concentrations presumed to be nonhazardous to the biota) in environmental media (water, sediment, soil, food, etc.). While exceedance of these benchmarks does not indicate any particular level or type of risk, concentrations below the benchmarks should not result in significant effects. In practice, when contaminant concentrations in food or water resources are less than these toxicological benchmarks, the contaminants may be excluded from further consideration. However, if the concentration of a contaminant exceeds a benchmark, that contaminant should be retained as a contaminant of potential concern (COPC) and investigated further. The second tier in ecological risk assessment, the baseline ecological risk assessment, may use toxicological benchmarks as part of a weight-of-evidence approach (Suter 1993). Under this approach, based toxicological benchmarks are one of several lines of evidence used to support or refute the presence of ecological effects. Other sources of evidence include media toxicity tests, surveys of biota (abundance and diversity), measures of contaminant body burdens, and biomarkers. This report presents NOAEL- and lowest observed adverse effects level (LOAEL)-based toxicological benchmarks for assessment of effects of 85 chemicals on 9 representative mammalian wildlife species (short-tailed shrew, little brown bat, meadow vole, white-footed mouse, cottontail rabbit, mink, red fox, and whitetail deer) or 11 avian wildlife species (American robin, rough-winged swallow, American woodcock, wild turkey, belted kingfisher, great blue heron, barred owl, barn owl, Cooper's hawk, and red-tailed hawk, osprey) (scientific names for both the mammalian and avian species are presented in Appendix B). [In this document, NOAEL refers to both dose (mg contaminant per kg animal body weight per day) and concentration (mg contaminant per kg of food or L of drinking water)]. The 20 wildlife species were chosen because they are widely distributed and provide a representative range of body sizes and diets. The chemicals are some of those that occur at U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) waste sites. The NOAEL-based benchmarks presented in this report represent values believed to be nonhazardous for the listed wildlife species; LOAEL-based benchmarks represent threshold levels at which adverse effects are likely to become evident. These benchmarks consider contaminant exposure through oral ingestion of contaminated media only. Exposure through inhalation and/or direct dermal exposure are not considered in this report.

Sample, B.E. Opresko, D.M. Suter, G.W.

1993-01-01

129

Second Grade Level Science Sample Curriculum.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document presents a sample of the Arkansas science curriculum and identifies the content standards for physical science systems, life science systems, and Earth science/space science systems for second grade students. Each content standard is explained and includes student learning expectations, second grade benchmarks, assessments, and…

Arkansas State Dept. of Education, Little Rock.

130

Fourth Grade Level Science Sample Curriculum.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document presents a sample of the Arkansas science curriculum and identifies the content standards for physical science systems, life science systems, and Earth science/space science systems for fourth grade students. Each content standard is explained and includes student learning expectations, fourth grade benchmarks, assessments, and…

Arkansas State Dept. of Education, Little Rock.

131

Third Grade Level Science Sample Curriculum.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document presents a sample of the Arkansas science curriculum and identifies the content standards for physical science systems, life science systems, and Earth science/space science systems for third grade students. Each content standard is explained and includes student learning expectations, third grade benchmarks, assessments, and…

Arkansas State Dept. of Education, Little Rock.

132

Seventh Grade Level Science Sample Curriculum.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document presents a sample of the Arkansas science curriculum and identifies the content standards for physical science systems, life science systems, and Earth science/space science systems for seventh grade students. Each content standard is explained and includes student learning expectations, seventh grade benchmarks, assessments, and…

Arkansas State Dept. of Education, Little Rock.

133

Eighth Grade Level Science Sample Curriculum.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document presents a sample of the Arkansas science curriculum and identifies the content standards for physical science systems, life science systems, and Earth science/space science systems for eighth grade students. Each content standard is explained and includes student learning expectations, eighth grade benchmarks, assessments, and…

Arkansas State Dept. of Education, Little Rock.

134

Fifth Grade Level Science Sample Curriculum.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document presents a sample of the Arkansas science curriculum and identifies the content standards for physical science systems, life science systems, and Earth science/space science systems for fifth grade students. Each content standard is explained and includes student learning expectations, fifth grade benchmarks, assessments, and…

Arkansas State Dept. of Education, Little Rock.

135

Sixth Grade Level Science Sample Curriculum.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document presents a sample of the Arkansas science curriculum and identifies the content standards for physical science systems, life science systems, and Earth science/space science systems for sixth grade students. Each content standard is explained and includes student learning expectations, sixth grade benchmarks, assessments, and…

Arkansas State Dept. of Education, Little Rock.

136

21st Century Curriculum: Does Auto-Grading Writing Actually Work?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The West Virginia Department of Education's auto grading initiative dates back to 2004--a time when school districts were making their first forays into automation. The Charleston based WVDE had instituted a statewide writing assessment in 1984 for students in fourth, seventh, and 10th grades and was looking to expand that program without…

T.H.E. Journal, 2013

2013-01-01

137

Object operations benchmark  

Microsoft Academic Search

Performance is a major issue in the acceptance of object-oriented and relational database systems aimed at engineering applications such as computer-aided software engineering (CASE) and computer-aided design (CAD). Because traditional database systems benchmarks are inapproriate to measure performance for operations on engineering objects, we designed a new benchmark Object Operations version 1 (OO1) to focus on important characteristics of these

R. G. G. Cattell; J. Skeen

1992-01-01

138

The FTIO Benchmark  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

We introduce a new benchmark for measuring the performance of parallel input/ouput. This benchmark has flexible initialization. size. and scaling properties that allows it to satisfy seven criteria for practical parallel I/O benchmarks. We obtained performance results while running on the a SGI Origin2OOO computer with various numbers of processors: with 4 processors. the performance was 68.9 Mflop/s with 0.52 of the time spent on I/O, with 8 processors the performance was 139.3 Mflop/s with 0.50 of the time spent on I/O, with 16 processors the performance was 173.6 Mflop/s with 0.43 of the time spent on I/O. and with 32 processors the performance was 259.1 Mflop/s with 0.47 of the time spent on I/O.

Fagerstrom, Frederick C.; Kuszmaul, Christopher L.; Woo, Alex C. (Technical Monitor)

1999-01-01

139

Eddy Current Benchmark Problem  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper describes the proposal of a benchmark activity. The objective of the proposed eddy current benchmark problem is to evaluate accuracy of various numerical or semi-analytical methods in predicting an eddy current probe multi-frequency response. The probe has a complicated structure and it consists of a cylindrical ferrite core with five symmetrically placed columns. The probe was used to test plates made from nickel-base superalloy INCONEL 600. In the plate a set of defects were introduced. An AC currents consist of 15 harmonic components are applied to the excitation coils. In all cases the specimens were examined by placing the probe on the reverse side of the flaws. The acquired data will be send by email to all participants of the benchmark's activity.

Chady, T.; Sikora, R.

2008-02-01

140

Social Studies Performance Standards. North Dakota Standards and Benchmarks.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document is a companion to the North Dakota Social Studies Standards (December 2000), and provides descriptions of levels of student performance and achievement in relation to the state standards and benchmarks. It is designed for use by all educators in grades K-12. Components of the document include: content standards (statement that…

North Dakota State Dept. of Public Instruction, Bismarck.

141

Benchmarks: WICHE Region 2012  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Benchmarks: WICHE Region 2012 presents information on the West's progress in improving access to, success in, and financing of higher education. The information is updated annually to monitor change over time and encourage its use as a tool for informed discussion in policy and education communities. To establish a general context for the…

Western Interstate Commission for Higher Education, 2013

2013-01-01

142

Benchmarks Momentum on Increase  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

No longer content with the patchwork quilt of assessments used to measure states' K-12 performance, top policy groups are pushing states toward international benchmarking as a way to better prepare students for a competitive global economy. The National Governors Association, the Council of Chief State School Officers, and the standards-advocacy…

McNeil, Michele

2008-01-01

143

Benchmarking the World's Best  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A century ago, the United States was a world leader in industrial benchmarking. However, after World War II, once no one could compete with the U.S., it became complacent. Many industrialized countries now have higher student achievement and more equitable and efficient education systems. A higher proportion of young people in their workforces…

Tucker, Marc S.

2012-01-01

144

Surveys and Benchmarks  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Surveys and benchmarks continue to grow in importance for community colleges in response to several factors. One is the press for accountability, that is, for colleges to report the outcomes of their programs and services to demonstrate their quality and prudent use of resources, primarily to external constituents and governing boards at the state…

Bers, Trudy

2012-01-01

145

Contract Grading.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In a contract grading system, the instructor defines the performance required for each grade, the student defines the performance level to which he or she will work, and signs a contract in which the instructor is committed to awarding this predetermined grade if the student attains the appropriate performance level. This paper is based on a…

Taylor, Hugh

146

Benchmark Airport Charges  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Netherlands Directorate General of Civil Aviation (DGCA) commissioned Hague Consulting Group (HCG) to complete a benchmark study of airport charges at twenty eight airports in Europe and around the world, based on 1996 charges. This study followed previous DGCA research on the topic but included more airports in much more detail. The main purpose of this new benchmark study was to provide insight into the levels and types of airport charges worldwide and into recent changes in airport charge policy and structure, This paper describes the 1996 analysis. It is intended that this work be repeated every year in order to follow developing trends and provide the most up-to-date information possible.

deWit, A.; Cohn, N.

1999-01-01

147

Estimating with Benchmark Fractions  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Teachers can use this interactive tool to help students develop fraction sense. After a teacher places a fraction, decimal, or expression on the screen, students determine which given benchmark number it is closest to. An adjustable number line supports conceptual understanding. This page includes a video demonstration of the tool and sample lessons from the Conceptua curriculum. Free registration is required to use the tool. A paid subscription is necessary to access full curriculum and allow full student use.

2011-01-01

148

Benchmarking Modern Web Browsers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract— Many different Web browsers are available on the Internet, free of charge. A browser performs several tasks, such as rendering Web pages on the screen and executing client-side code often embedded,in Web pages. Users typically choose a browser that gives them a satisfying browsing experience, which is partly determined by the speed of the browser. This paper presents benchmark,performance

Jordan Nielson; Carey Williamson; Martin Arlitt

149

Potential use of biomarkers in acute kidney injury: report and summary of recommendations from the 10th Acute Dialysis Quality Initiative consensus conference.  

PubMed

Over the last decade there has been considerable progress in the discovery and development of biomarkers of kidney disease, and several have now been evaluated in different clinical settings. Although there is a growing literature on the performance of various biomarkers in clinical studies, there is limited information on how these biomarkers would be utilized by clinicians to manage patients with acute kidney injury (AKI). Recognizing this gap in knowledge, we convened the 10th Acute Dialysis Quality Initiative meeting to review the literature on biomarkers in AKI and their application in clinical practice. We asked an international group of experts to assess four broad areas for biomarker utilization for AKI: risk assessment, diagnosis, and staging; differential diagnosis; prognosis and management; and novel physiological techniques including imaging. This article provides a summary of the key findings and recommendations of the group, to equip clinicians to effectively use biomarkers in AKI. PMID:24107851

Murray, Patrick T; Mehta, Ravindra L; Shaw, Andrew; Ronco, Claudio; Endre, Zoltan; Kellum, John A; Chawla, Lakhmir S; Cruz, Dinna; Ince, Can; Okusa, Mark D

2014-03-01

150

10. krajowy zjazd Polskiego Towarzystwa Badan Radiacyjnych im. Marii Sklodowskiej-Curie. Streszczenia referatow. (10th national conference of Maria Sklodowska-Curie Polish Radiation Research Society. Abstract of papers).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The 10th national conference of M. Sklodowska-Curie Polish Radiation Research Society provides the opportunity to present novel Polish research in all fields of radiation research, e.g. radiation chemistry and biology, radiation processing, environmental ...

1995-01-01

151

SPEC CPU2006 benchmark tools  

Microsoft Academic Search

The benchmarks that make up the SPEC CPU2006 benchmark suite are set-up, run, timed, and scored by the CPU tools harness. The tools have evolved over time from a collection of edit-it-yourself makefiles, scripts, and an Excel spreadsheet to the current Perl-based suite. The basic purpose of the tools is to make life easier for the benchmarker; they make it

Cloyce D. Spradling

2007-01-01

152

Image processing benchmark study  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper describes the benchmarking of image processing algorithms using high-performance workstations and personal desktop computers. For the various platforms evaluated which included machines from Sun, SGI, Apple, and Gateway, compiler options were varied to obtain the fastest execution times. Algorithms evaluated included typical image processing operations such as derivatives, logical operations, morphology, subtraction, median filter, and the new SKIPSM approach. Data were collected using the different platforms and are presented here in tabular form. The results indicate that the latest generation of personal computers have processing capabilities that are similar to UNIX-based work stations.

Miller, John W. V.; Eddy, C.; Waltz, Frederick M.; Hack, Ralf; Wood, James; Stokes, D.

1998-10-01

153

A Quality Circle Approach to Reducing Suspension of Students in the Tenth Grade.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This practicum report describes outcomes of a 12-week program to reduce suspensions at an eastern central Florida high school. The program was implemented to reduce the number of suspensions among a target group of 12 10th-grade students. Specifically, the intervention sought to reduce both the misbehavior infractions and school suspensions by two…

Fleming, Eric T.

154

Benchmarks for Science Literacy: A Tool for Curriculum Reform  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Benchmarks for Science Literacy, a companion publication to the American Association for the Advancement of Science's (AAAS) project "Science for All Americans," describes "what all students should know and be able to do in science, mathematics, and technology by the time they graduate from high school." Offered as "a tool to be used by educators in designing a curriculum," Benchmarks is a compendium of specific goals for science literacy in several key areas: science, mathematics, technology, the physical setting, the living environment, the human organism, human society, historical perspectives, common themes, and habits of mind. Each section includes a summary of desired knowledge and specific targets for literacy goals by grade categories K-2, 3-5, 6-8, and 9-12. In addition to its direct and intended application, Benchmarks is a useful gauge of society's scientific awareness (or lack thereof). For any science educators, this is a fascinating publication that merits attention.

155

Benchmarking multimedia performance  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

With the introduction of faster processors and special instruction sets tailored to multimedia, a number of exciting applications are now feasible on the desktops. Among these is the DVD playback consisting, among other things, of MPEG-2 video and Dolby digital audio or MPEG-2 audio. Other multimedia applications such as video conferencing and speech recognition are also becoming popular on computer systems. In view of this tremendous interest in multimedia, a group of major computer companies have formed, Multimedia Benchmarks Committee as part of Standard Performance Evaluation Corp. to address the performance issues of multimedia applications. The approach is multi-tiered with three tiers of fidelity from minimal to full compliant. In each case the fidelity of the bitstream reconstruction as well as quality of the video or audio output are measured and the system is classified accordingly. At the next step the performance of the system is measured. In many multimedia applications such as the DVD playback the application needs to be run at a specific rate. In this case the measurement of the excess processing power, makes all the difference. All these make a system level, application based, multimedia benchmark very challenging. Several ideas and methodologies for each aspect of the problems will be presented and analyzed.

Zandi, Ahmad; Sudharsanan, Subramania I.

1998-03-01

156

Tumor Grade  

MedlinePLUS

... have abnormal-looking cells and may lack normal tissue structures. Based on these and other differences in microscopic appearance, ... breast cancer ( 1 ). This system grades breast tumors based on the following ... the tumor tissue has normal breast (milk) duct structures Nuclear grade : ...

157

Benchmarking Bwr Neutron Fluence Calculations  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Calculations of fast neutron fluence to structures in boiling water reactor plant geometries have been performed using two-dimensional transport and a synthesis method. The calculations have been benchmarked using NRC recommended standard benchmarks and using measured data from operating BWR nuclear power plants. Comparisons of the calculations with measurements indicate that the calculations produce fluence estimates with acceptable accuracy.

Lippincott, E. P.; Manahan, M. P.

2003-06-01

158

The benchmarking of airport performance  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines how benchmarking is being used by airport managers as a means of internal performance comparison and improvement. Drawing on interviews with airport managers and a questionnaire survey of the world's top 200 busiest passenger airports, the paper discusses the nature, prevalence and consequences of current benchmarking practices in airports. The authors also include a review of the

Graham Francis; Ian Humphreys; Jackie Fry

2002-01-01

159

The SEQUOIA 2000 storage benchmark  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents a benchmark that concisely captures the data base requirements of a collection of Earth Scientists working in the SEQUOIA 2000 project on various aspects of global change research. This benchmark has the novel characteristic that it uses real data sets and real queries that are representative of Earth Science tasks. Because it appears that Earth Science problems

Michael Stonebraker; Jim Frew; Kenn Gardels; Jeff Meredith

1993-01-01

160

Benchmark Dose Modeling - Basic Methdologies  

EPA Science Inventory

Benchmark Dose Modeling – Basic Methodologies Course The objective of this full-day course is to provide participants with interactive training on the use of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency’s (EPA) Benchmark Dose Software (BMDS) and its application to risk as...

161

Internal Benchmarking for Institutional Effectiveness  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Internal benchmarking is an established practice in business and industry for identifying best in-house practices and disseminating the knowledge about those practices to other groups in the organization. Internal benchmarking can be done with structures, processes, outcomes, or even individuals. In colleges or universities with multicampuses or a…

Ronco, Sharron L.

2012-01-01

162

Handbook for Preparation of Vendor Benchmark Instructions.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This document suggests the content for benchmark instructions which are used as part of the ADP procurement process. The handbook describes an approach for the benchmark instructions which provides an overview of the benchmark from a management perspectiv...

1976-01-01

163

Cleanroom energy benchmarking results  

SciTech Connect

A utility market transformation project studied energy use and identified energy efficiency opportunities in cleanroom HVAC design and operation for fourteen cleanrooms. This paper presents the results of this work and relevant observations. Cleanroom owners and operators know that cleanrooms are energy intensive but have little information to compare their cleanroom's performance over time, or to others. Direct comparison of energy performance by traditional means, such as watts/ft{sup 2}, is not a good indicator with the wide range of industrial processes and cleanliness levels occurring in cleanrooms. In this project, metrics allow direct comparison of the efficiency of HVAC systems and components. Energy and flow measurements were taken to determine actual HVAC system energy efficiency. The results confirm a wide variation in operating efficiency and they identify other non-energy operating problems. Improvement opportunities were identified at each of the benchmarked facilities. Analysis of the best performing systems and components is summarized, as are areas for additional investigation.

Tschudi, William; Xu, Tengfang

2001-09-01

164

Benchmarking foreign electronics technologies  

SciTech Connect

This report has been drafted in response to a request from the Japanese Technology Evaluation Center`s (JTEC) Panel on Benchmarking Select Technologies. Since April 1991, the Competitive Semiconductor Manufacturing (CSM) Program at the University of California at Berkeley has been engaged in a detailed study of quality, productivity, and competitiveness in semiconductor manufacturing worldwide. The program is a joint activity of the College of Engineering, the Haas School of Business, and the Berkeley Roundtable on the International Economy, under sponsorship of the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation, and with the cooperation of semiconductor producers from Asia, Europe and the United States. Professors David A. Hodges and Robert C. Leachman are the project`s Co-Directors. The present report for JTEC is primarily based on data and analysis drawn from that continuing program. The CSM program is being conducted by faculty, graduate students and research staff from UC Berkeley`s Schools of Engineering and Business, and Department of Economics. Many of the participating firms are represented on the program`s Industry Advisory Board. The Board played an important role in defining the research agenda. A pilot study was conducted in 1991 with the cooperation of three semiconductor plants. The research plan and survey documents were thereby refined. The main phase of the CSM benchmarking study began in mid-1992 and will continue at least through 1997. reports are presented on the manufacture of integrated circuits; data storage; wireless technology; human-machine interfaces; and optoelectronics. Selected papers are indexed separately for inclusion in the Energy Science and Technology Database.

Bostian, C.W.; Hodges, D.A.; Leachman, R.C.; Sheridan, T.B.; Tsang, W.T.; White, R.M.

1994-12-01

165

Current research in nuclear medicine and molecular imaging in Italy: highlights of the 10th National Congress of the Italian Association of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging.  

PubMed

The 10th National Congress of the Italian Association of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging (AIMN) took place in Rimini on March 18-21, 2011 under the chairmanship of Professor Stefano Fanti. The program was of excellent quality and put a further step for the settlement of the standardized AIMN congress structure. A large industrial exhibition demonstrated the latest technological innovations and developments within the field. The congress was a great success with more than 1100 total participants and more than 360 abstracts received. Of these, 40 abstracts were accepted for oral and 285 for poster presentations. The original investigations presented were related to different areas of nuclear medicine and molecular imaging, with particular focus on advances in instrumentation and data processing, progress in radiochemistry and pharmacy, novel diagnostics and therapeutics, and new insights in well established areas of clinical application, such as oncology, cardiology, neurology, psychiatry, endocrinology, paediatrics, and infection and inflammation. Noteworthy, several presentations at this congress, focusing on quantitative interpretation of the imaging data and on pragmatic endpoints, such as adverse outcomes, identified when nuclear medicine procedures achieved clinical effectiveness for patient care and patient management and further demonstrated that nuclear medicine plays a crucial role in the contemporary medical scenario. This highlights lecture is only a brief summary of the large amount of data presented and discussed, which can be found in much greater detail in the congress abstract book, published as volume 55, supplement 1 of the Q J Nucl Med Mol Imaging in April 2011. PMID:21532541

Cuocolo, A

2011-06-01

166

The Royal Book by Haly Abbas from the 10th century: one of the earliest illustrations of the surgical approach to skull fractures.  

PubMed

Haly Abbas was one of the pioneering physicians and surgeons of the Eastern world in the 10th century who influenced the Western world by his monumental work, The Royal Book. The book was first partly translated into Latin by Constantinus Africanus in the 11th century without citing the author's name. Haly Abbas was recognized in Europe after full translation of The Royal Book by Stephen of Antioch in 1127. The Royal Book has been accepted as an early source of jerrah-names (surgical books) in the Eastern world. The chapters regarding cranial fractures in Haly Abbas' work include unique management strategies for his period with essential quotations from Paul of Aegina's work Epitome. Both authors preferred free bone flap craniotomy in cranial fractures. Although Paul of Aegina, a Byzantine physician and surgeon, was a connection between ancient traditions and Islamic interpretation, Haly Abbas seemed to play a bridging role between the Roman-Byzantine and the School of Salerno in Europe. PMID:21107177

Aciduman, Ahmet; Arda, Berna; Kahya, Esin; Belen, Deniz

2010-12-01

167

Evaluation of elemental status of ancient human bone samples from Northeastern Hungary dated to the 10th century AD by XRF  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The present study is a multielemental analysis of bone samples belonging to skeletal individuals originating from two contemporaneous (10th century AD) cemeteries (Tiszavasvári Nagy-Gyepáros and Nagycserkesz-Nádasibokor sites) in Northeastern Hungary, using the XRF analytical technique. Emitted X-rays were detected in order to determine the elemental composition of bones and to appreciate the possible influence of the burial environment on the elemental content of the human skeletal remains. Lumbar vertebral bodies were used for analysis. Applying the ED(P)XRF technique concentration of the following elements were determined: P, Ca, K, Na, Mg, Al, Cl, Mn, Fe, Zn, Br and Sr. The results indicated post mortem mineral exchange between the burial environment (soil) and bones (e.g. the enhanced levels of Fe and Mn) and referred to diagenetic alteration processes during burials. However, other elements such as Zn, Sr and Br seemed to be accumulated during the past life. On the basis of statistical analysis, clear separation could not be observed between the two excavation sites in their bone elemental concentrations which denoted similar diagenetic influences, environmental conditions. The enhanced levels of Sr might be connected with the past dietary habits, especially consumption of plant food.

János, I.; Szathmáry, L.; Nádas, E.; Béni, A.; Dinya, Z.; Máthé, E.

2011-11-01

168

Comparison of Dawn and Dusk Precipitating Electron Energy Populations Shortly After the Initial Shock for the January 10th, 1997 Magnetic Cloud  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The observed precipitating electron energy between 0130 UT and 0400 UT of January 10 th, 1997, indicates that there is a more energetic precipitating electron population that appears in the auroral oval at 1800-2200 UT at 030) UT. This increase in energy occurs after the initial shock of the magnetic cloud reaches the Earth (0114 UT) and after faint but dynamic polar cap precipitation has been cleared out. The more energetic population is observed to remain rather constant in MLT through the onset of auroral activity (0330 UT) and to the end of the Polar spacecraft apogee pass. Data from the Ultraviolet Imager LBH long and LBH short images are used to quantify the average energy of the precipitating auroral electrons. The Wind spacecraft located about 100 RE upstream monitored the IMF and plasma parameters during the passing of the cloud. The affects of oblique angle viewing are included in the analysis. Suggestions as to the source of this hot electron population will be presented.

Spann, J.; Germany, G.; Swift, W.; Parks, G.; Brittnacher, M.; Elsen, R.

1997-01-01

169

The 10th of July 2006 over Niamey: A golden case of daytime moist convection in a semi-arid environment  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

On late afternoon of July the 10th 2006, deep convection developed locally over Niamey in the vicinity of several instruments displayed there in the framework of the AMMA field campaign: lidar, radar and ceilometer from the ARM Mobile Facility, soundings, surface measurements, ATR flight... In particular, deep convective cells initiated right in the field of view of the MIT radar, which also provides observations of the boundary-layer evolution prior to deep-convection initiation. Observation analysis of that day reveals particular conditions specific of semi-arid regions: - a weak latent heat flux, - a weak lapse-rate in the mid-troposphere - a deep boundary layer with cloud base reaching more than 2km, - an increasing level of free convection and decreasing Convective Available Potential Energy through the day. Those conditions contrast with the typical view that daytime convection over land is related to the daytime CAPE increase and are a-priori unfavorable to deep convection triggering. With that case, we investigate boundary-layer mechanisms in semi-arid conditions leading to a cloudy boundary layer and a locally forced convection. Those semi-arid conditions raise new challenges for parameterizations of boundary-layer growth and deep-convection triggering. Results of both 3D high resolution and 1D simulations are contrasted, focusing on boundary-layer transition regimes from dry to cloudy and shallow to deep moist convection. Keywords: Atmospheric processes, Weather to climatic modeling and forecasting, semi-arid conditions

Rio, C.; Couvreux, F.; Guichard, F.; Gounou, A.; Lothon, M.; Campistron, B.; Chong, M.; Bouniol, D.

2009-09-01

170

An INTEGRAL view of the high-energy sky (the first 10 years) - 9th INTEGRAL Workshop and celebration of the 10th anniversary of the launch  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The 9th INTEGRAL workshop "An INTEGRAL view of the high-energy sky (the first 10 years)" took place from 15 to 19 October 2012 in Paris, Bibliothèque Nationale de France (Bibliothèque François Mitterrand). The workshop was sponsored by ESA, CNES and other French and European Institutions. During this week, and in particular on 17 October 2012, we celebrated the 10th anniversary of the launch of the INTEGRAL mission. The main goal of this workshop was to present and to discuss (via invited and contributed talks and posters) latest results obtained in the field of high-energy astrophysics using the International Gamma-Ray Astrophysics Laboratory INTEGRAL, as well as results from observations from other ground- and space-based high-energy observatories and from associated multi-wavelength campaigns. Contributions to the workshop covered the following scientific topics: - X-ray binaries (IGR sources, black holes, neutron stars, white dwarfs) - Isolated neutron stars (gamma-ray pulsars, magnetars) - Nucleo-synthesis (SNe, Novae, SNRs, ISM) and gamma-ray lines (511 keV) - Galactic diffuse continuum emission (including Galactic Ridge) - Massive black holes in AGNs, elliptical galaxies, nucleus of the Galaxy - Sky surveys, source populations and unidentified gamma-ray sources - Cosmic background radiation - Gamma-ray bursts - Coordinated observations with other ground- and space-based observatories - Science data processing and analysis (posters only) - Future instruments and missions (posters only)

171

Benchmarking in Academic Pharmacy Departments  

PubMed Central

Benchmarking in academic pharmacy, and recommendations for the potential uses of benchmarking in academic pharmacy departments are discussed in this paper. Benchmarking is the process by which practices, procedures, and performance metrics are compared to an established standard or best practice. Many businesses and industries use benchmarking to compare processes and outcomes, and ultimately plan for improvement. Institutions of higher learning have embraced benchmarking practices to facilitate measuring the quality of their educational and research programs. Benchmarking is used internally as well to justify the allocation of institutional resources or to mediate among competing demands for additional program staff or space. Surveying all chairs of academic pharmacy departments to explore benchmarking issues such as department size and composition, as well as faculty teaching, scholarly, and service productivity, could provide valuable information. To date, attempts to gather this data have had limited success. We believe this information is potentially important, urge that efforts to gather it should be continued, and offer suggestions to achieve full participation.

Chisholm-Burns, Marie; Nappi, Jean; Gubbins, Paul O.; Ross, Leigh Ann

2010-01-01

172

California commercial building energy benchmarking  

SciTech Connect

Building energy benchmarking is the comparison of whole-building energy use relative to a set of similar buildings. It provides a useful starting point for individual energy audits and for targeting buildings for energy-saving measures in multiple-site audits. Benchmarking is of interest and practical use to a number of groups. Energy service companies and performance contractors communicate energy savings potential with ''typical'' and ''best-practice'' benchmarks while control companies and utilities can provide direct tracking of energy use and combine data from multiple buildings. Benchmarking is also useful in the design stage of a new building or retrofit to determine if a design is relatively efficient. Energy managers and building owners have an ongoing interest in comparing energy performance to others. Large corporations, schools, and government agencies with numerous facilities also use benchmarking methods to compare their buildings to each other. The primary goal of Task 2.1.1 Web-based Benchmarking was the development of a web-based benchmarking tool, dubbed Cal-Arch, for benchmarking energy use in California commercial buildings. While there were several other benchmarking tools available to California consumers prior to the development of Cal-Arch, there were none that were based solely on California data. Most available benchmarking information, including the Energy Star performance rating, were developed using DOE's Commercial Building Energy Consumption Survey (CBECS), which does not provide state-level data. Each database and tool has advantages as well as limitations, such as the number of buildings and the coverage by type, climate regions and end uses. There is considerable commercial interest in benchmarking because it provides an inexpensive method of screening buildings for tune-ups and retrofits. However, private companies who collect and manage consumption data are concerned that the identities of building owners might be revealed and hence are reluctant to share their data. The California Commercial End Use Survey (CEUS), the primary source of data for Cal-Arch, is a unique source of information on commercial buildings in California. It has not been made public; however, it was made available by CEC to LBNL for the purpose of developing a public benchmarking tool.

Kinney, Satkartar; Piette, Mary Ann

2003-07-01

173

MHD Benchmarking of Desktop Machines  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

For code development, parameter space surveys, and code debugging, dedicated use of a fast, single processor machine is often better than shared, queued use of a supercomputer. Although there are many benchmark results available, most deal with the most common use of single processor machines (e.g. web, entertainment, and business applications) to arrive at a large variance of rankings. To best determine what machines would serve a small MHD group such as ours at ASIAA, we needed MHD benchmark results. Here we present results from a few benchmark tests for running MHD Zeus 2D codes on a variety of platforms of PCs and Sun Workstations.

Allen, A.; Chou, M.; Shang, H.

174

A Heterogeneous Medium Analytical Benchmark  

SciTech Connect

A benchmark, called benchmark BLUE, has been developed for one-group neutral particle (neutron or photon) transport in a one-dimensional sub-critical heterogeneous plane parallel medium with surface illumination. General anisotropic scattering is accommodated through the Green's Function Method (GFM). Numerical Fourier transform inversion is used to generate the required Green's functions which are kernels to coupled integral equations that give the exiting angular fluxes. The interior scalar flux is then obtained through quadrature. A compound iterative procedure for quadrature order and slab surface source convergence provides highly accurate benchmark qualities (4- to 5- places of accuracy) results.

Ganapol, B.D.

1999-09-27

175

IBC's 23rd Annual Antibody Engineering, 10th Annual Antibody Therapeutics International Conferences and the 2012 Annual Meeting of The Antibody Society  

PubMed Central

The 23rd Annual Antibody Engineering, 10th Annual Antibody Therapeutics international conferences, and the 2012 Annual Meeting of The Antibody Society, organized by IBC Life Sciences with contributions from The Antibody Society and two Scientific Advisory Boards, were held December 3–6, 2012 in San Diego, CA. The meeting drew over 800 participants who attended sessions on a wide variety of topics relevant to antibody research and development. As a prelude to the main events, a pre-conference workshop held on December 2, 2012 focused on intellectual property issues that impact antibody engineering. The Antibody Engineering Conference was composed of six sessions held December 3–5, 2012: (1) From Receptor Biology to Therapy; (2) Antibodies in a Complex Environment; (3) Antibody Targeted CNS Therapy: Beyond the Blood Brain Barrier; (4) Deep Sequencing in B Cell Biology and Antibody Libraries; (5) Systems Medicine in the Development of Antibody Therapies/Systematic Validation of Novel Antibody Targets; and (6) Antibody Activity and Animal Models. The Antibody Therapeutics conference comprised four sessions held December 4–5, 2012: (1) Clinical and Preclinical Updates of Antibody-Drug Conjugates; (2) Multifunctional Antibodies and Antibody Combinations: Clinical Focus; (3) Development Status of Immunomodulatory Therapeutic Antibodies; and (4) Modulating the Half-Life of Antibody Therapeutics. The Antibody Society’s special session on applications for recording and sharing data based on GIATE was held on December 5, 2012, and the conferences concluded with two combined sessions on December 5–6, 2012: (1) Development Status of Early Stage Therapeutic Antibodies; and (2) Immunomodulatory Antibodies for Cancer Therapy.

Klohn, Peter-Christian; Wuellner, Ulrich; Zizlsperger, Nora; Zhou, Yu; Tavares, Daniel; Berger, Sven; Zettlitz, Kirstin A.; Proetzel, Gabriele; Yong, May; Begent, Richard H.J.; Reichert, Janice M

2013-01-01

176

Benchmarking unstructured systems  

SciTech Connect

Systems developed without the advantage of structured techniques can currently be found, even though most managers agree that the lack of such techniques is apt to produce an inferior product. When an unstructured system is identified, management must decide if it should be rewritten according to modern standards. The case study presented here describes how management in one Data Processing shop made that decision and learned something about their perceptions of the staff as well. To be judged successful, a system should be friendly, useful and easily maintainable. Research has shown that psychologically complex programs are more expensive to maintain than those developed with structured techniques, free from such complexity. In this study, three suspect systems were statistically measured against a base system. When a suspect system proved at least as psychologically complex as the base system, future maintenance costs were assumed to be at least as high as for the benchmark system. In addition to judging whether or not a system should be rewritten to provide ease of maintenance, the study provided management with a more accurate view of programmer work habits. Programmers previously judged to be extremely competent had created a high level of psychological complexity which is expected to result in high maintenance costs when other programmers become responsible for the system.

Brice, L.; Connell, J.; Lockhart, G.

1983-01-01

177

Virtual machine performance benchmarking.  

PubMed

The attractions of virtual computing are many: reduced costs, reduced resources and simplified maintenance. Any one of these would be compelling for a medical imaging professional attempting to support a complex practice on limited resources in an era of ever tightened reimbursement. In particular, the ability to run multiple operating systems optimized for different tasks (computational image processing on Linux versus office tasks on Microsoft operating systems) on a single physical machine is compelling. However, there are also potential drawbacks. High performance requirements need to be carefully considered if they are to be executed in an environment where the running software has to execute through multiple layers of device drivers before reaching the real disk or network interface. Our lab has attempted to gain insight into the impact of virtualization on performance by benchmarking the following metrics on both physical and virtual platforms: local memory and disk bandwidth, network bandwidth, and integer and floating point performance. The virtual performance metrics are compared to baseline performance on "bare metal." The results are complex, and indeed somewhat surprising. PMID:21207096

Langer, Steve G; French, Todd

2011-10-01

178

NASA Software Engineering Benchmarking Study.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

To identify best practices for the improvement of software engineering on projects, NASA's Offices of Chief Engineer (OCE) and Safety and Mission Assurance (OSMA) formed a team led by Heather Rarick and Sally Godfrey to conduct this benchmarking study. Th...

H. L. Rarick J. C. Kelly J. M. Wifl R. T. Crumbley S. H. Godfrey

2013-01-01

179

Benchmarking hypercube hardware and software  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

It was long a truism in computer systems design that balanced systems achieve the best performance. Message passing parallel processors are no different. To quantify the balance of a hypercube design, an experimental methodology was developed and the associated suite of benchmarks was applied to several existing hypercubes. The benchmark suite includes tests of both processor speed in the absence of internode communication and message transmission speed as a function of communication patterns.

Grunwald, Dirk C.; Reed, Daniel A.

1986-01-01

180

NHT-1 I/O Benchmarks  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The NHT-1 benchmarks am a set of three scalable I/0 benchmarks suitable for evaluating the I/0 subsystems of high performance distributed memory computer systems. The benchmarks test application I/0, maximum sustained disk I/0, and maximum sustained network I/0. Sample codes are available which implement the benchmarks.

Carter, Russell; Ciotti, Bob; Fineberg, Sam; Nitzbert, Bill

1992-01-01

181

Commbench - a telecommunication benchmark for network processors  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract This paper presents a benchmark, CommBench, for use in evaluating and designing telecommunications network processors. The benchmark applications focus on small, computationally intense program kernels typical of the network processor environment. The benchmark is composed of eight programs, four of them oriented towards packet header processing and four oriented towards data stream processing. The benchmark is dened,and various characteristics

T. Wolf; M. Franklin

2000-01-01

182

Research on computer systems benchmarking  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This grant addresses the topic of research on computer systems benchmarking and is more generally concerned with performance issues in computer systems. This report reviews work in those areas during the period of NASA support under this grant. The bulk of the work performed concerned benchmarking and analysis of CPUs, compilers, caches, and benchmark programs. The first part of this work concerned the issue of benchmark performance prediction. A new approach to benchmarking and machine characterization was reported, using a machine characterizer that measures the performance of a given system in terms of a Fortran abstract machine. Another report focused on analyzing compiler performance. The performance impact of optimization in the context of our methodology for CPU performance characterization was based on the abstract machine model. Benchmark programs are analyzed in another paper. A machine-independent model of program execution was developed to characterize both machine performance and program execution. By merging these machine and program characterizations, execution time can be estimated for arbitrary machine/program combinations. The work was continued into the domain of parallel and vector machines, including the issue of caches in vector processors and multiprocessors. All of the afore-mentioned accomplishments are more specifically summarized in this report, as well as those smaller in magnitude supported by this grant.

Smith, Alan Jay (Principal Investigator)

1996-01-01

183

Benchmarks for GADRAS performance validation.  

SciTech Connect

The performance of the Gamma Detector Response and Analysis Software (GADRAS) was validated by comparing GADRAS model results to experimental measurements for a series of benchmark sources. Sources for the benchmark include a plutonium metal sphere, bare and shielded in polyethylene, plutonium oxide in cans, a highly enriched uranium sphere, bare and shielded in polyethylene, a depleted uranium shell and spheres, and a natural uranium sphere. The benchmark experimental data were previously acquired and consist of careful collection of background and calibration source spectra along with the source spectra. The calibration data were fit with GADRAS to determine response functions for the detector in each experiment. A one-dimensional model (pie chart) was constructed for each source based on the dimensions of the benchmark source. The GADRAS code made a forward calculation from each model to predict the radiation spectrum for the detector used in the benchmark experiment. The comparisons between the GADRAS calculation and the experimental measurements are excellent, validating that GADRAS can correctly predict the radiation spectra for these well-defined benchmark sources.

Mattingly, John K.; Mitchell, Dean James; Rhykerd, Charles L., Jr.

2009-09-01

184

Using ACT Assessment Scores to Set Benchmarks for College Readiness. ACT Research Report Series, 2005-3  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this report, we establish benchmarks of readiness for four common first-year college courses: English Composition, College Algebra, Social Science, and Biology. Using grade data from a large sample of colleges, we modeled the probability of success in these courses as a function of ACT test scores. Success was defined as a course grade of B or…

Allen, Jeff; Sconing, Jim

2005-01-01

185

A Study Comparing the Differences in the Levels of Achievement of Tenth Grade Students in One and Two Parent Homes.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study sought to determine if significant differences exist between the degree of academic achievement of 10th grade students who currently reside in one-parent/guardian homes as compared to those who reside in two-parent/guardian homes when students are grouped by sex, total family income, and ethnicity. Academic success was determined by the…

Kraig, Glen M.

186

Grading Congestion  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Students construct a model roadway with congestion and apply their knowledge of level of service (LOS) to assign a grade to the road conditions. The roadway is simply a track outlined with cones or ropes with a few students walking around it to mimic congestion. The remaining students employ both techniques of density and flow to classify the LOS of the track.

STARS GK-12 Program,

187

Standing adult human phantoms based on 10th, 50th and 90th mass and height percentiles of male and female Caucasian populations  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Computational anthropomorphic human phantoms are useful tools developed for the calculation of absorbed or equivalent dose to radiosensitive organs and tissues of the human body. The problem is, however, that, strictly speaking, the results can be applied only to a person who has the same anatomy as the phantom, while for a person with different body mass and/or standing height the data could be wrong. In order to improve this situation for many areas in radiological protection, this study developed 18 anthropometric standing adult human phantoms, nine models per gender, as a function of the 10th, 50th and 90th mass and height percentiles of Caucasian populations. The anthropometric target parameters for body mass, standing height and other body measures were extracted from PeopleSize, a well-known software package used in the area of ergonomics. The phantoms were developed based on the assumption of a constant body-mass index for a given mass percentile and for different heights. For a given height, increase or decrease of body mass was considered to reflect mainly the change of subcutaneous adipose tissue mass, i.e. that organ masses were not changed. Organ mass scaling as a function of height was based on information extracted from autopsy data. The methods used here were compared with those used in other studies, anatomically as well as dosimetrically. For external exposure, the results show that equivalent dose decreases with increasing body mass for organs and tissues located below the subcutaneous adipose tissue layer, such as liver, colon, stomach, etc, while for organs located at the surface, such as breasts, testes and skin, the equivalent dose increases or remains constant with increasing body mass due to weak attenuation and more scatter radiation caused by the increasing adipose tissue mass. Changes of standing height have little influence on the equivalent dose to organs and tissues from external exposure. Specific absorbed fractions (SAFs) have also been calculated with the 18 anthropometric phantoms. The results show that SAFs decrease with increasing height and increase with increasing body mass. The calculated data suggest that changes of the body mass may have a significant effect on equivalent doses, primarily for external exposure to organs and tissue located below the adipose tissue layer, while for superficial organs, for changes of height and for internal exposures the effects on equivalent dose are small to moderate.

Cassola, V. F.; Milian, F. M.; Kramer, R.; de Oliveira Lira, C. A. B.; Khoury, H. J.

2011-07-01

188

Validity of the International Classification of Diseases, 10th revision discharge diagnosis codes for hyponatraemia in the Danish National Registry of Patients  

PubMed Central

Objective To examine the validity of the International Classification of Diseases, 10th revision (ICD-10) codes for hyponatraemia in the nationwide population-based Danish National Registry of Patients (DNRP) among inpatients of all ages. Design Population-based validation study. Setting All somatic hospitals in the North and Central Denmark Regions from 2006 through 2011. Participants: Patients of all ages admitted to hospital (n=819?701 individual patients) during the study period. The patient could be included in the study more than once, and our study did not restrict to patients with serum sodium measurements (total of n=2?186?642 hospitalisations). Main outcome measure We validated ICD-10 discharge diagnoses of hyponatraemia recorded in the DNRP, using serum sodium measurements obtained from the laboratory information systems (LABKA) research database as the gold standard. One sodium value <135?mmol/L measured at any time during hospitalisation confirmed the diagnosis. We estimated sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value (PPV) and negative predictive value (NPV) for ICD-10 codes for hyponatraemia overall and for cut-off points for increasing hyponatraemia severity. Result An ICD-10 code for hyponatraemia was recorded in the DNRP in 5850 of the 2?186?642 hospitalisations identified. According to laboratory measurements, however, hyponatraemia was present in 306?418 (14%) hospitalisations. Sensitivity of hyponatraemia diagnoses was 1.8% (95% CI 1.7% to 1.8%). For sodium values <115?mmol/L, sensitivity was 34.3% (95% CI 32.6% to 35.9%). The overall PPV was 92.5% (95% CI 91.8% to 93.1%) and decreased with increasing hyponatraemia severity. Specificity and NPV were high for all cut-off points (?99.8% and ?86.2%, respectively). Patients with hyponatraemia without a corresponding ICD-10 discharge diagnosis were younger and had higher Charlson Comorbidity Index scores than patients with hyponatraemia with a hyponatraemia code in the DNRP. Conclusions ICD-10 codes for hyponatraemia in the DNRP have high specificity but very low sensitivity. Laboratory test results, not discharge diagnoses, should be used to ascertain hyponatraemia.

Holland-Bill, Louise; Christiansen, Christian Fynbo; Ulrichsen, Sinna Pilgaard; Ring, Troels; J?rgensen, Jens Otto Lunde; S?rensen, Henrik Toft

2014-01-01

189

IBC's 23rd Antibody Engineering and 10th Antibody Therapeutics Conferences and the Annual Meeting of The Antibody Society: December 2-6, 2012, San Diego, CA.  

PubMed

Now in its 23rd and 10th years, respectively, the Antibody Engineering and Antibody Therapeutics conferences are the Annual Meeting of The Antibody Society. The scientific program covers the full spectrum of challenges in antibody research and development from basic science through clinical development. In this preview of the conferences, the chairs provide their thoughts on sessions that will allow participants to track emerging trends in (1) the development of next-generation immunomodulatory antibodies; (2) the complexity of the environment in which antibodies must function; (3) antibody-targeted central nervous system (CNS) therapies that cross the blood brain barrier; (4) the extension of antibody half-life for improved efficacy and pharmacokinetics (PK)/pharmacodynamics (PD); and (5) the application of next generation DNA sequencing to accelerate antibody research. A pre-conference workshop on Sunday, December 2, 2012 will update participants on recent intellectual property (IP) law changes that affect antibody research, including biosimilar legislation, the America Invents Act and recent court cases. Keynote presentations will be given by Andreas Plückthun (University of Zürich), who will speak on engineering receptor ligands with powerful cellular responses; Gregory Friberg (Amgen Inc.), who will provide clinical updates of bispecific antibodies; James D. Marks (University of California, San Francisco), who will discuss a systems approach to generating tumor targeting antibodies; Dario Neri (Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zürich), who will speak about delivering immune modulators at the sites of disease; William M. Pardridge (University of California, Los Angeles), who will discuss delivery across the blood-brain barrier; and Peter Senter (Seattle Genetics, Inc.), who will present his vision for the future of antibody-drug conjugates. For more information on these meetings or to register to attend, please visit www.IBCLifeSciences.com/AntibodyEng or call 800-390-4078. Members of The Antibody Society and mAbs journal subscribers receive a 20% discount for meeting registration. To obtain this discount, email kdostie@ibcusa.com. mAbs is the official therapeutics journal of The Antibody Society and offers a discounted subscription to Society members for $49. PMID:23007482

Marquardt, John; Begent, Richard H J; Chester, Kerry; Huston, James S; Bradbury, Andrew; Scott, Jamie K; Thorpe, Philip E; Veldman, Trudi; Reichert, Janice M; Weiner, Louis M

2012-01-01

190

The Federal Forecasters Conference--1999. Papers and Proceedings (10th, Washington, DC, June 24, 1999) and Selected Papers from the International Symposium on Forecasting (19th, Washington, DC, June 27-30, 1999).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The 10th Federal Forecasters Conference provided a forum where 127 forecasters from different federal agencies and other organizations met to discuss various aspects of the conference's theme, "Forecasting in the New Millennium," that could be applied in the United States. A keynote address, "Procedures for Auditing Federal Forecasts" by J. Scott…

Gerald, Debra E., Ed.

191

Biomaterials '84: Transactions World Congress on Biomaterials (2nd), Annual Meeting of the Society for Biomaterials (10th), International Biomaterials Symposium (16th) Held in Washington, DC on April 27-May 1, 1984. Volume 7. Appendix.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Second World Congress on Biomaterials was held in Washington, D.C., U.S.A., on April 27 - May 1, 1984. The meeting was the 16th international biomaterials symposium and was held in conjunction with the 10th annual meeting of the Society for Biomateria...

S. F. Hulbert J. M. Anderson A. C. Fraker

1984-01-01

192

Kauffman Teen Survey. An Annual Report on Teen Health Behaviors: Use of Alcohol, Tobacco, and Other Drugs among 8th-, 10th-, and 12th-Grade Students in Greater Kansas City, 1991-92 to 2000-01.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Ewing Marion Kauffman Foundation began surveying Kansas City area teens during the 1984-85 school year. The Kauffman Teen Survey now addresses two sets of issues for teens. Teen Health Behaviors, addressed in this report, have been a focus of the survey since its inception. The report focuses on teen use of alcohol, tobacco, and other drugs in…

Ewing Marion Kauffman Foundation, Kansas City, MO.

193

Impacts of Parental Education on Substance Use: Differences among White, African-American, and Hispanic Students in 8th, 10th, and 12th Grades (1999-2008). Monitoring the Future Occasional Paper Series. Paper No. 70  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Monitoring the Future (MTF) project reports annually on levels and trends in self-reported substance use by secondary school students (e.g., Johnston, O'Malley, Bachman, & Schulenberg, 2009). The reports include subgroup comparisons, and these have revealed substantial differences among race/ethnicity groups, as well as some differences linked…

Bachman, Jerald G.; O'Malley, Patrick M.; Johnston, Lloyd D.; Schulenberg, John E.

2010-01-01

194

Benchmarking: Achieving the best in class.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Oftentimes, people find the process of organizational benchmarking an onerous task, or, because they do not fully understand the nature of the process, end up with results that are less than stellar. This paper presents the challenges of benchmarking and ...

L. Kaemmerer

1996-01-01

195

The Impact Hydrocode Benchmark and Validation Project  

Microsoft Academic Search

When properly benchmarked and validated against observations computer models offer a powerful tool for understanding the mechanics of impact crater formation. We present results from a project to benchmark and validate shock physics codes.

E. Pierazzo; N. Artemieva; E. Asphaug; E. C. Baldwin; J. Cazamias; R. Coker; G. S. Collins; D. A. Crawford; T. Davison; D. Elbeshausen; K. A. Holsapple; K. R. Housen; D. G. Korycansky; K. Wünnemann

2008-01-01

196

VVER-440 dosimetry and neutron spectrum benchmark.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Light Water Reactor (LWR) benchmark experiments performed in the United States under the Surveillance Dosimetry Improvement Program (SDIP), in general, reported measured reaction rates and not neutron flux spectrum. The VVER-440 benchmark experiments, usi...

E. Sajot F. B. K. Kam

1993-01-01

197

Neutronics benchmark experiment on tungsten  

Microsoft Academic Search

In order to validate neutron cross sections for W, a benchmark experiment was carried out at the Frascati Neutron Generator (FNG), that consisted of the irradiation with 14 MeV neutrons of a tungsten block. Neutron flux and gamma heating were measured inside the block. The results were analysed with the Monte Carlo code MCNP-4C using for W, Fe and Ni

P. Batistoni; M. Angelone; L. Petrizzi; M. Pillon

2004-01-01

198

Benchmarking Multipacting Simulations in VORPAL  

Microsoft Academic Search

We will present the results of benchmarking simulations run to test the ability of VORPAL to model multipacting processes in Superconducting Radio Frequency structures. VORPAL is an electromagnetic (FDTD) particle-in-cell simulation code originally developed for applications in plasma and beam physics. The addition of conformal boundaries and algorithms for secondary electron emission allow VORPAL to be applied to multipacting processes.

C. Nieter; C. Roark; P. Stoltz; K. Tian

2009-01-01

199

VHTRC temperature coefficient benchmark problem.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

As an activity of IAEA Coordinated Research Programme, a benchmark problem is proposed for verifications of neutronic calculation codes for a low enriched uranium fuel high temperature gas-cooled reactor. Two problems are given on the base of heating expe...

H. Yasuda T. Yamane T. Sasa

1994-01-01

200

Using Benchmarks to Compare Fractions  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This task is intended primarily for instruction purposes. The goal is to provide examples for comparing two fractions. This is an important method for comparing fractions and one which requires a strong number sense and ability to make mental calculations. It is, however, a difficult ability to assess because the method is only appropriate when there is a clear benchmark fraction to be used.

IInstitute for Mathematics & Education funded by the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation

2012-08-01

201

Benchmarking ENDF\\/B-VII.0  

Microsoft Academic Search

The new major release VII.0 of the ENDF\\/B nuclear data library has been tested extensively using benchmark calculations. These were based upon MCNP-4C3 continuous-energy Monte Carlo neutronics simulations, together with nuclear data processed using the code NJOY. Three types of benchmarks were used, viz., criticality safety benchmarks (fusion) shielding benchmarks, and reference systems for which the effective delayed neutron fraction

Steven C. van der Marck; Steven C. van der

2006-01-01

202

Benchmarking ENDF\\/B-VII.0  

Microsoft Academic Search

The new major release VII.0 of the ENDF\\/B nuclear data library has been tested extensively using benchmark calculations. These were based upon MCNP-4C3 continuous-energy Monte Carlo neutronics simulations, together with nuclear data processed using the code NJOY. Three types of benchmarks were used, viz., criticality safety benchmarks, (fusion) shielding benchmarks, and reference systems for which the effective delayed neutron fraction

Steven C. van der Marck

2006-01-01

203

Testing (Validating?) Cross Sections with ICSBEP Benchmarks  

SciTech Connect

We discuss how to use critical benchmarks from the International Handbook of Evaluated Criticality Safety Benchmark Experiments to determine the applicability of specific cross sections to the end-user's problem of interest. Particular attention is paid to making sure the selected suite of benchmarks includes the user's range of applicability (ROA).

Kahler, Albert C. III [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2012-06-28

204

Benchmarking: Achieving the best in class  

SciTech Connect

Oftentimes, people find the process of organizational benchmarking an onerous task, or, because they do not fully understand the nature of the process, end up with results that are less than stellar. This paper presents the challenges of benchmarking and reasons why benchmarking can benefit an organization in today`s economy.

Kaemmerer, L

1996-05-01

205

Dhrystone: a synthetic systems programming benchmark  

Microsoft Academic Search

Reflecting current data on the use of programming language constructs in systems programming, a synthetic benchmark is constructed based on the distribution appearing in the data. The benchmark executes 100 Ada statements that are balanced in terms of the distribution of statement types, data types, and data locality. Pascal and C versions of the benchmark are discussed.

Reinhold P. Weicker

1984-01-01

206

Nas Parallel Benchmark Results 3-94  

Microsoft Academic Search

The NAS Parallel Benchmarks have been developed at NASA Ames Research Center to study theperformance of parallel supercomputers. The eight benchmark problems are specified in a "pencil andpaper" fashion. In other words, the complete details of the problem to be solved are given in a technicaldocument, and except for a few restrictions, benchmarkers are mostly free to select the language

David H. Bailey; Eric Barszcz; Leonardo Dagum; Horst D. Simon

1994-01-01

207

The LINPACK Benchmark: past, present and future  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes the LINPACK Benchmark (41) and some of its variations commonly used to assess perfor- mance of computer systems. Aside from the LINPACK benchmark suite, the TOP500 (43), and the HPL (48) code are presented. The latter is frequently used to obtained results for TOP500 submissions. Information is also given on how to interpret results of the benchmark

Jack J. Dongarra; Piotr Luszczek; Antoine Petitet

2003-01-01

208

Autopilot: A Platform for System Software Benchmarking  

Microsoft Academic Search

When developing software, it is essential to evaluate its performance and stability, making benchmarking an es- sential and significant part of the software development cycle. Benchmarking is also used to show that a sys- tem is useful or provide insight into how systems be- have. However, benchmarking is a tedious task that few enjoy, but every programmer or systems researcher

Charles P. Wright; Nikolai Joukov; Devaki Kulkarni; Yevgeniy Miretskiy; Erez Zadok

2005-01-01

209

Performance Benchmarking of Australian Business Regulation  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Productivity Commission’s research report into ‘Performance Benchmarking of Australian Business Regulation’ was released in March 2007. The Australian Government asked the Commission to develop a framework to benchmark regulatory regimes and their cost burdens across all levels of government for stage 1 of a two-stage study. The Commission found that benchmarking regulatory compliance burdens across all jurisdictions in Australia

210

lmbench: an extensible micro-benchmark suite  

Microsoft Academic Search

SUMMARY lmbench is a powerful and extensible suite of micro-benchmarks that measures a variety of important aspects of system performance. It has a powerful timing harness that manages most of the 'housekeeping' chores associated with benchmarking, making it easy to create new benchmarks that analyze systems or components of specific interest to the user. In many ways lmbench is a

Carl Staelin

2005-01-01

211

42 CFR 440.385 - Delivery of benchmark and benchmark-equivalent coverage through managed care entities.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Delivery of benchmark and benchmark-equivalent coverage through managed care entities...ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS SERVICES: GENERAL PROVISIONS Benchmark Benefit and Benchmark-Equivalent Coverage §...

2010-10-01

212

42 CFR 440.385 - Delivery of benchmark and benchmark-equivalent coverage through managed care entities.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Delivery of benchmark and benchmark-equivalent coverage through managed care entities...ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS SERVICES: GENERAL PROVISIONS Benchmark Benefit and Benchmark-Equivalent Coverage §...

2013-10-01

213

Analysis of benchmark characteristics and benchmark performance prediction  

Microsoft Academic Search

Standard benchmarking provides to run-times for given programs on given machines, but fails to provide insight as to why those results were obtained (either in terms of machine or program characteristics) and fails to provide run-times for that program on some other machine, or some other programs on that machine. We have developed a machine-imdependent model of program execution to

Rafael H. Saavedra; Alan Jay Smith

1996-01-01

214

Implementing Guided Reading Strategies with Kindergarten and First Grade Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the action research project report, the teacher researchers found that many kindergarten and first-grade students did not have the reading readiness skills to be reading at their benchmark target. The purpose of the project was to improve the students overall reading ability. The dates of the project began on September 8 through December 20,…

Abbott, Lindsey; Dornbush, Abby; Giddings, Anne; Thomas, Jennifer

2012-01-01

215

HS06 Benchmark for an ARM Server  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We benchmarked an ARM cortex-A9 based server system with a four-core CPU running at 1.1 GHz. The system used Ubuntu 12.04 as operating system and the HEPSPEC 2006 (HS06) benchmarking suite was compiled natively with gcc-4.4 on the system. The benchmark was run for various settings of the relevant gcc compiler options. We did not find significant influence from the compiler options on the benchmark result. The final HS06 benchmark result is 10.4.

Kluth, Stefan

2014-06-01

216

Motivation and Self-Regulated Science Learning in High-Achieving Students: Differences Related to Nation, Gender, and Grade-Level  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A total of three hundred and fifteen (n = 315) gifted students from the 10th and 12th grade from the United States (n = 102), China (n = 125) and Germany (n = 88) were surveyed regarding their motivation and self-regulation in chemistry learning. A 3 x 2 x 2 MANOVA revealed "nation" as having the largest major effect on these variables. The…

Tang, Min; Neber, Heinz

2008-01-01

217

The Construction and Validation of an Instrument to Assess Teachers' Opinions of Methods of Teaching Poetry to Tenth Grade Students of Average Ability.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study attempted to construct an instrument--the Poetry Methods Rating Scale (PMRS)--for assessing 10th-grade teachers' opinions of poetry teaching methods and to validate it by comparing the scores on the PMRS to the teachers' attitudes, personality, performance, and success in the classroom. The PMRS (a 38-item, seven category…

Gallo, Donald Robert

218

Energy in the Global Marketplace. Grades 9, 10, 11. Interdisciplinary Student/Teacher Materials in Energy, the Environment, and the Economy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This instructional unit contains six classroom lessons in which 9th, 10th, or 11th grade social studies students examine the effects of competition among nations and world regions as demand for oil outstrips supply. The overall objective is to help students understand the concept that energy is a commodity to be bought and sold like any other…

National Science Teachers Association, Washington, DC.

219

The Turn of the Century. Tenth Grade Lesson. Schools of California Online Resources for Education (SCORE): Connecting California's Classrooms to the World.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this 10th grade social studies and language arts interdisciplinary unit, students research and report on historical figures from the turn of the 20th century. Students are required to work in pairs to learn about famous and common individuals, including Andrew Carnegie, Samuel Gompers, Susan B. Anthony, Thomas Edison, Theodore Roosevelt, Booker…

Bartels, Dede

220

Grade Retention: Elementary Teacher Perceptions for Students with and without Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this era of education accountability, teachers are looking closely at grade level requirements and assessment of student performance. Grade retention is being considered for both students with and without disabilities if they are not meeting end of the year achievement benchmarks. Although research has shown that retention is not the best…

Renaud, Gia

2010-01-01

221

Standards for Primary-Grade Reading: An Analysis of State Frameworks.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To begin the task of evaluating the impact of state standards on American students, a study compared the structure and information of state language arts standards. The analysis focused on the 14 state documents that provided benchmarks or objectives by grade level for grades K-3. The other 28 states either provided a single set of standards for…

Wixson, Karen K.; Dutro, Elizabeth

222

Selecting Students for Pre-Algebra: Examination of the Relative Utility of the Anchorage Pre-Algebra Screening Tests and the State of Alaska Standards Based Benchmark 2 Mathematics Study. An Examination of Consequential Validity and Recommendation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the relative efficacy of the Anchorage (Alaska) Pre-Algebra Test and the State of Alaska Benchmark in 2 Math examination as tools used in the process of recommending grade 6 students for grade 7 Pre-Algebra placement. The consequential validity of the tests is explored in the context of class placements and grades earned. The…

Fenton, Ray

223

No free lunch and benchmarks.  

PubMed

We extend previous results concerning black box search algorithms, presenting new theoretical tools related to no free lunch (NFL) where functions are restricted to some benchmark (that need not be permutation closed), algorithms are restricted to some collection (that need not be permutation closed) or limited to some number of steps, or the performance measure is given. Minimax distinctions are considered from a geometric perspective, and basic results on performance matching are also presented. PMID:22452316

Duéñez-Guzmán, Edgar A; Vose, Michael D

2013-01-01

224

Benchmark Problems in Structural Optimization  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Structural optimization is an important area related to both optimization and structural engineering. Structural optimization\\u000a problems are often used as benchmarks to validate new optimization algorithms or to test the suitability of a chosen algorithm.\\u000a In almost all structural engineering applications, it is very important to find the best possible parameters for given design\\u000a objectives and constraints which are highly

Amir Hossein Gandomi; Xin-She Yang

225

Description of the Steelquake Benchmark  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A large-size two-storey steel structure with reinforced-concrete slabs was used for a damage detection benchmark. The modal tests at the original and damaged states were performed by impact-hammer excitation. The damage consisted of major cracks at some of the beam-to-column joints and was introduced by seismic testing up to large deformations by means of hydraulic jacks.

Molina, F. J.; Pascual, R.; Golinval, J.-C.

2003-01-01

226

Restaurant Energy Use Benchmarking Guideline  

SciTech Connect

A significant operational challenge for food service operators is defining energy use benchmark metrics to compare against the performance of individual stores. Without metrics, multiunit operators and managers have difficulty identifying which stores in their portfolios require extra attention to bring their energy performance in line with expectations. This report presents a method whereby multiunit operators may use their own utility data to create suitable metrics for evaluating their operations.

Hedrick, R.; Smith, V.; Field, K.

2011-07-01

227

RISKIND verification and benchmark comparisons  

SciTech Connect

This report presents verification calculations and benchmark comparisons for RISKIND, a computer code designed to estimate potential radiological consequences and health risks to individuals and the population from exposures associated with the transportation of spent nuclear fuel and other radioactive materials. Spreadsheet calculations were performed to verify the proper operation of the major options and calculational steps in RISKIND. The program is unique in that it combines a variety of well-established models into a comprehensive treatment for assessing risks from the transportation of radioactive materials. Benchmark comparisons with other validated codes that incorporate similar models were also performed. For instance, the external gamma and neutron dose rate curves for a shipping package estimated by RISKIND were compared with those estimated by using the RADTRAN 4 code and NUREG-0170 methodology. Atmospheric dispersion of released material and dose estimates from the GENII and CAP88-PC codes. Verification results have shown the program to be performing its intended function correctly. The benchmark results indicate that the predictions made by RISKIND are within acceptable limits when compared with predictions from similar existing models.

Biwer, B.M.; Arnish, J.J.; Chen, S.Y.; Kamboj, S.

1997-08-01

228

Grading More Accurately  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Grades matter. College grading systems, however, are often ad hoc and prone to mistakes. This essay focuses on one factor that contributes to high-quality grading systems: grading accuracy (or "efficiency"). I proceed in several steps. First, I discuss the elements of "efficient" (i.e., accurate) grading. Next, I present analytical results…

Rom, Mark Carl

2011-01-01

229

Material characterizations for Benchmark 1 and Benchmark 2  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This report summarizes material testing on three metals used in the Numisheet 2014 Benchmark Study, a DP 600 steel sheet, a TRIP 780 steel sheet, and an aluminum alloy 5182-O sheet. The tests include r value, yield stress, and hardening in uniaxial tension at 15 degree increments of the loading axis in the plane of the sheet, r value, yield stress, and hardening in equal biaxial tension, and forming limit curves for all three metals. In addition, cyclic tension-compression tests along the rolling direction are reported for the DP 600 and aluminum alloy.

Stoughton, Thomas B.; Shi, Ming F.; Huang, Gang; Yoon, Jeong Whan

2013-12-01

230

Benchmarking thermal neutron scattering in graphite  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A Slowing-Down-Time experiment was designed and performed at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) by using the Oak Ridge Electron Linear Accelerator (ORELA) as a neutron source to study the neutron thermalization in graphite at room and higher temperatures. The MCNP5 code was utilized to simulate the detector responses and help optimize the experimental design including the size of the graphite assembly, furnace, shielding system and detector position. To facilitate such analysis, MCNP5 version 1.30 was modified to enable perturbation calculation using point detector type tallies. By using the modified MCNP5 code, the sensitivity of the experimental models to the graphite total thermal neutron cross-sections was studied to optimize the design of the experiment. Measurements of slowing-down-time spectrum in graphite were performed at room temperature for a 70x70x70 cm graphite pile by using a Li-6 scintillator and a U-235 fission counter at different locations. The measurements were directly compared to Monte Carlo simulations that use different graphite thermal neutron scattering cross-section libraries. Simulations based on the ENDF/B-VI graphite library were found to have a 30%-40% disagreement with the measurements. In addition to the graphite SDT experiment, which provided the data in the energy region above the graphite Bragg-cutoff energy, transmission experiments were performed for different types of graphite samples using the NIST 8.9 A beam (located at NG-6) to investigating the energy region below the Bragg-cutoff energy. Measurements confirmed that reactor grade graphite, which is a two phase material (crystalline graphite and binder (amorphous-like) carbon), has different thermal neutron scattering cross section from pyrolytic graphite (crystalline graphite). The experiments presented in this work compliment each other and provide an experimental data set which can be used to benchmark graphite thermal neutron scattering cross section libraries that are generated using different methodologies. Further investigation is necessary to benchmark the thermal scattering cross section data at temperatures greater than room temperature.

Zhou, Tong

231

EDITORIAL: Selected papers from the 10th International Workshop on Micro and Nanotechnology for Power Generation and Energy Conversion Applications (PowerMEMS 2010) Selected papers from the 10th International Workshop on Micro and Nanotechnology for Power Generation and Energy Conversion Applications (PowerMEMS 2010)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This special section of Journal of Micromechanics and Microengineering features papers selected from the 10th International Workshop on Micro and Nanotechnology for Power Generation and Energy Conversion Applications (PowerMEMS 2010). The workshop was organized in Leuven, Belgium from 30 November to 3 December 2010 by Katholieke Universiteit Leuven and the imec/Holst Centre. This was a special PowerMEMS Workshop, for several reasons. First of all, we celebrated the 10th anniversary of the workshop: the first PowerMEMS meeting was organized in Sendai, Japan in 2000. None of the organizers or participants of this first meeting could have predicted the impact of the workshop over the next decade. The second reason was that, for the first time, the conference organization spanned two countries: Belgium and the Netherlands. Thanks to the advances in information technology, teams from Katholieke Universiteit Leuven (Belgium) and the imec/Holst Centre in Eindhoven (the Netherlands) have been able to work together seamlessly as one team. The objective of the PowerMEMS Workshop is to stimulate innovation in micro and nanotechnology for power generation and energy conversion applications. Its scope ranges from integrated microelectromechanical systems (MEMS) for power generation, dissipation, harvesting, and management, to novel nanostructures and materials for energy-related applications. True to the objective of the PowerMEMSWorkshop, the 2010 technical program covered a broad range of energy related research, ranging from the nanometer to the millimeter scale, discussed in 5 invited and 52 oral presentations, and 112 posters. This special section includes 14 papers covering vibration energy harvesters, thermal applications and micro power systems. Finally, we wish to express sincere appreciation to the members of the International Steering Committee, the Technical Program Committee and last but not least the Local Organizing Committee. This special issue was edited in collaboration with the staff of IOP Publishing. PowerMEMS 2010 contents Harvesting energy from airflow with a michromachined piezoelectric harvester inside a Helmholtz resonator S P Matova, R Elfrink, R J M Vullers and R van Schaijk Analysis and characterization of triangular electrode structures for electrostatic energy harvestingDaniel Hoffmann, Bernd Folkmer and Yiannos Manoli A smart and self-sufficient frequency tunable vibration energy harvesterC Eichhorn, R Tchagsim, N Wilhelm and P Woias Power output enhancement of a vibration-driven electret generator for wireless sensor applicationsTatsuakira Masaki, Kenji Sakurai, Toru Yokoyama, Masayo Ikuta, Hiroshi Sameshima, Masashi Doi, Tomonori Seki and Masatoshi Oba Harvesting traffic-induced vibrations for structural health monitoring of bridgesT V Galchev, J McCullagh, R L Peterson and K Najafi Dispenser-printed planar thick-film thermoelectric energy generatorsA Chen, D Madan, P K Wright and J W Evans Silicon nanowire arrays as thermoelectric material for a power microgeneratorD Dávila, A Tarancón, M Fernández-Regúlez, C Calaza, M Salleras, A San Paulo and L Fonseca A micro thermal switch with a stiffness-enhanced thermal isolation structureTakashiro Tsukamoto, Masayoshi Esashi and Shuji Tanaka A dielectric liquid contact thermal switch with electrowetting actuationA R McLanahan, C D Richards and R F Richards A self-regulating valve for single-phase liquid cooling of microelectronicsRadu Donose, Michaël De Volder, Jan Peirs and Dominiek Reynaerts A MEMS-enabled 3D zinc-air microbattery with improved discharge characteristics based on a multilayer metallic substructureA Armutlulu, Y Fang, S H Kim, C H Ji, S A Bidstrup Allen and M G Allen Design, fabrication and testing of an air-breathing micro direct methanol fuel cell with compound anode flow fieldLuwen Wang, Yufeng Zhang, Youran Zhao, Zijiang An, Zhiping Zhou and Xiaowei Liu A shadow-mask evaporated pyroMEMS igniterD A de Koninck, D Briand and N F de Rooij Aerodynamic journal bearing with a flexible, damped support operating at 7.2 million DNTobias Wauma

Reynaerts, Dominiek; Vullers, Ruud

2011-10-01

232

Spent Fuel Criticality Benchmark Experiments  

SciTech Connect

Characteristics between commercial spent fuel waste packages (WP), Laboratory Critical Experiments (LCEs), and commercial reactor critical (CRC) evaluations are compared in this work. Emphasis is placed upon comparisons of CRC benchmark results and the relative neutron flux spectra in each system. Benchmark evaluations were performed for four different pressurized water reactors using four different sets of isotopes. As expected, as the number of fission products used to represent the burned fuel inventory approached reality, the closer to unity k{sub eff} became. Examination of material and geometry characteristics indicate several fundamental similarities between the WP and CRC systems. In addition, spectral evaluations were performed on a representative pressurized water reactor CRC, a 21-assembly area of the core modeled in a potential WP configuration, and three LCEs considered applicable benchmarks for storage packages. Fission and absorption reaction spectra as well as relative neutron flux spectra are generated and compared for each system. The energy dependent reaction rates are the product of the neutron flux spectrum and the energy dependent total macroscopic cross section. With constant source distribution functions, and the total macroscopic cross sections for the fuel region in the CRCs and WP being composed of nearly the same isotopics, the resulting relative flux spectra in the CRCs and WP are very nearly the same. Differences in the relative neutron flux spectra between WPs and CRCs are evident in the thermal energy range as expected. However, the relative energy distribution of the absorption, fission, and scattering reaction rates in both the CRCs and the WP are essentially the same.

J.M. Scaglione

2001-07-23

233

Gaia FGK benchmark stars: Metallicity  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Context. To calibrate automatic pipelines that determine atmospheric parameters of stars, one needs a sample of stars, or "benchmark stars", with well-defined parameters to be used as a reference. Aims: We provide detailed documentation of the iron abundance determination of the 34 FGK-type benchmark stars that are selected to be the pillars for calibration of the one billion Gaia stars. They cover a wide range of temperatures, surface gravities, and metallicities. Methods: Up to seven different methods were used to analyze an observed spectral library of high resolutions and high signal-to-noise ratios. The metallicity was determined by assuming a value of effective temperature and surface gravity obtained from fundamental relations; that is, these parameters were known a priori and independently from the spectra. Results: We present a set of metallicity values obtained in a homogeneous way for our sample of benchmark stars. In addition to this value, we provide detailed documentation of the associated uncertainties. Finally, we report a value of the metallicity of the cool giant ? Phe for the first time. Based on NARVAL and HARPS data obtained within the Gaia DPAC (Data Processing and Analysis Consortium) and coordinated by the GBOG (Ground-Based Observations for Gaia) working group and on data retrieved from the ESO-ADP database.Tables 6-76 are only available at the CDS via anonymous ftp to http://cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr (ftp://130.79.128.5) or via http://cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr/viz-bin/qcat?J/A+A/564/A133

Jofré, P.; Heiter, U.; Soubiran, C.; Blanco-Cuaresma, S.; Worley, C. C.; Pancino, E.; Cantat-Gaudin, T.; Magrini, L.; Bergemann, M.; González Hernández, J. I.; Hill, V.; Lardo, C.; de Laverny, P.; Lind, K.; Masseron, T.; Montes, D.; Mucciarelli, A.; Nordlander, T.; Recio Blanco, A.; Sobeck, J.; Sordo, R.; Sousa, S. G.; Tabernero, H.; Vallenari, A.; Van Eck, S.

2014-04-01

234

Benchmarking for Excellence and the Nursing Process  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Nursing is a service profession. The services provided are essential to life and welfare. Therefore, setting the benchmark for high quality care is fundamental. Exploring the definition of a benchmark value will help to determine a best practice approach. A benchmark is the descriptive statement of a desired level of performance against which quality can be judged. It must be sufficiently well understood by managers and personnel in order that it may serve as a standard against which to measure value.

Sleboda, Claire

1999-01-01

235

NASA Software Engineering Benchmarking Effort  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Benchmarking was very interesting and provided a wealth of information (1) We did see potential solutions to some of our "top 10" issues (2) We have an assessment of where NASA stands with relation to other aerospace/defense groups We formed new contacts and potential collaborations (1) Several organizations sent us examples of their templates, processes (2) Many of the organizations were interested in future collaboration: sharing of training, metrics, Capability Maturity Model Integration (CMMI) appraisers, instructors, etc. We received feedback from some of our contractors/ partners (1) Desires to participate in our training; provide feedback on procedures (2) Welcomed opportunity to provide feedback on working with NASA

Godfrey, Sally; Rarick, Heather

2012-01-01

236

Benchmarking for the competitive marketplace.  

PubMed

One would get little argument these days regarding the importance of performance measurement in the health care industry. The traditional approach has been the straightforward use of measurable units such as financial comparisons and clinical indicators (e.g., length of stay). Also we in the health care industry have traditionally benchmarked our performance and strategies against those most like ourselves. Today's competitive market demands a more customer-focused set of performance measures that go beyond traditional approaches such as customer service. The most important task in today's environment is to study the customers' emerging priorities and adjust our business to meet those priorities. PMID:11184882

Clarke, R W; Sucher, T O

1999-07-01

237

The Zoo, Benchmarks & You: How To Reach the Oregon State Benchmarks with Zoo Resources.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document aligns Oregon state educational benchmarks and standards with Oregon Zoo resources. Benchmark areas examined include English, mathematics, science, social studies, and career and life roles. Brief descriptions of the programs offered by the zoo are presented. (SOE)

2002

238

A protein-DNA docking benchmark  

PubMed Central

We present a protein–DNA docking benchmark containing 47 unbound–unbound test cases of which 13 are classified as easy, 22 as intermediate and 12 as difficult cases. The latter shows considerable structural rearrangement upon complex formation. DNA-specific modifications such as flipped out bases and base modifications are included. The benchmark covers all major groups of DNA-binding proteins according to the classification of Luscombe et al., except for the zipper-type group. The variety in test cases make this non-redundant benchmark a useful tool for comparison and development of protein–DNA docking methods. The benchmark is freely available as download from the internet.

van Dijk, Marc; Bonvin, Alexandre M. J. J.

2008-01-01

239

VENUS-2 MOX Core Benchmark: Results of ORNL Calculations Using HELIOS-1.4  

SciTech Connect

The Task Force on Reactor-Based Plutonium Disposition, now an Expert Group, was set up through the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development/Nuclear Energy Agency to facilitate technical assessments of burning weapons-grade plutonium mixed-oxide (MOX) fuel in U.S. pressurized-water reactors and Russian VVER nuclear reactors. More than ten countries participated to advance the work of the Task Force in a major initiative, which was a blind benchmark study to compare code benchmark calculations against experimental data for the VENUS-2 MOX core at SCK-CEN in Mol, Belgium. At the Oak Ridge National Laboratory, the HELIOS-1.4 code was used to perform a comprehensive study of pin-cell and core calculations for the VENUS-2 benchmark.

Ellis, RJ

2001-02-02

240

Airport Capacity Benchmark Report 2001  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Released in April 2001 by the FAA (Federal Aviation Administration), this report provides the first capacity benchmarks for 31 of the nation's busiest airports. Capacity benchmarks are defined as "the maximum number of flights an airport can routinely handle in an hour." The report finds, among other things, that at a number of airports so many flights are scheduled that it is simply not possible for all of them to take off and land on time. The worst offender in 2000 was New York LaGuardia, with 15.6 percent of takeoffs or landings delayed, more than twice as many as the second-ranked airport, Chicago O'Hare. Predictably, opinion is divided on the root of the problem, with the airlines blaming an antiquated air traffic control system and too few runways and critics blaming the airlines for over-scheduling at peak travel times. The full text of the 195-page report may be downloaded in .pdf or Word format at the FAA site.

2001-01-01

241

Pynamic: the Python Dynamic Benchmark  

SciTech Connect

Python is widely used in scientific computing to facilitate application development and to support features such as computational steering. Making full use of some of Python's popular features, which improve programmer productivity, leads to applications that access extremely high numbers of dynamically linked libraries (DLLs). As a result, some important Python-based applications severely stress a system's dynamic linking and loading capabilities and also cause significant difficulties for most development environment tools, such as debuggers. Furthermore, using the Python paradigm for large scale MPI-based applications can create significant file IO and further stress tools and operating systems. In this paper, we present Pynamic, the first benchmark program to support configurable emulation of a wide-range of the DLL usage of Python-based applications for large scale systems. Pynamic has already accurately reproduced system software and tool issues encountered by important large Python-based scientific applications on our supercomputers. Pynamic provided insight for our system software and tool vendors, and our application developers, into the impact of several design decisions. As we describe the Pynamic benchmark, we will highlight some of the issues discovered in our large scale system software and tools using Pynamic.

Lee, G L; Ahn, D H; de Supinksi, B R; Gyllenhaal, J C; Miller, P J

2007-07-10

242

Mutual Fund Performance Evaluation: A Comparison of Benchmarks and Benchmark Comparisons  

Microsoft Academic Search

Our primary goal in this paper is to ascertain whether the absolute and relative rankings of managed funds are sensitive to the benchmark chosen to measure normal performance. We employ the standard CAPM benchmarks and a variety of APT benchmarks to investigate this question. We found that there is little similarity between the absolute and relative mutual fund rankings obtained

Bruce N. Lehmann; David M. Modest

1987-01-01

243

Characteristics of Grading Models.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Since the grading process most often used is a mathematical process, it seems desirable to examine grading systems from the mathematical point of view. In the paper the familiar five-letter grading system is molded mathematically. Variance of the grade po...

D. E. Polzien

1972-01-01

244

Grading. Research Brief  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

What do grades mean? Is there a commonly understood and acceptable definition for what a grade stands? The current grading system is approximately 100 years old. In the 1700s, students were given feedback but not grades. In 1780, Yale University began using a 4.0 system that is similar to the current system. In the 1830s, Harvard University…

Walker, Karen

2006-01-01

245

Transforming Classroom Grading.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book presents viable alternatives to classroom grading, explaining how to design grading systems that are both precise and efficient. It provides educators with a thorough grounding in grading research and theory. After clarifying the basic purposes of grades, the book discusses what should be included in them, how to use a rubric-based…

Marzano, Robert J.

246

Benchmarking Database Systems A Systematic Approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes a customized database and a comprehensive set of queries that can be used for systematic benchmarking of relational database systems. Designing this database and a set of carefully tuned benchmarks represents a first attempt in developing a scientific methodology for performance evaluation of database management systems. We have used this database to perform a comparative evaluation of

Dina Bitton; David J. Dewitt; Carolyn Turbyfill

1983-01-01

247

Benchmarking methodologies applied to UK facilities management  

Microsoft Academic Search

The use of benchmarking is regarded by many as a panacea to modern day business problems. Irrespective of what business you are in, or the financial state of your business; proponents of the procedure insist benchmarking, if correctly applied, ensures organizations are able to gain the competitive edge necessary in today’s business world. But how can this technique be usefully

Keith Massheder; Edward Finch

1998-01-01

248

Identifying priority issues in facilities management benchmarking  

Microsoft Academic Search

Considers the state of benchmarking in facilities management and finds that most academic and practice literature is mainly concerned with measurement techniques, and a formal approach of reducing performance gaps. Limitations are discussed, and the orientation of facilities management performance priorities is questioned. Argues that benchmarking is limited by the ability to identify the priorities, or performance indicators, that can

Gavin McDougall; John Hinks

2000-01-01

249

Shielding Integral Benchmark Archive and Database (SINBAD)  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Shielding Integral Benchmark Archive and Database (SINBAD) collection of benchmarks was initiated in the early 1990s. SINBAD is an international collaboration between the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development's Nuclear Energy Agency Data Bank (OECD\\/NEADB) and the Radiation Safety Information Computational Center (RSICC) at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL). SINBAD is a major attempt to compile experiments and corresponding

Bernadette Lugue Kirk; Robert E Grove; I. Kodeli; Enrico Sartori; J. Gulliford

2011-01-01

250

Benchmarking, Total Quality Management, and Libraries.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discussion of the use of Total Quality Management (TQM) in higher education and academic libraries focuses on the identification, collection, and use of reliable data. Methods for measuring quality, including benchmarking, are described; performance measures are considered; and benchmarking techniques are examined. (11 references) (MES)

Shaughnessy, Thomas W.

1993-01-01

251

VHSIC Hardware Description Language (VHDL) Benchmark Suite.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report documents the development of a VHDL Benchmark Suite system. Each benchmark is designed to test one or more of a set of 71 VHDL language features in terms of the limitations of user's of vendor's system architecture, operating system, and VHDL ...

K. Serafino

1989-01-01

252

OCTALIS benchmarking: comparison of four watermarking techniques  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, benchmarking results of watermarking techniques are presented. The benchmark includes evaluation of the watermark robustness and the subjective visual image quality. Four different algorithms are compared, and exhaustively tested. One goal of these tests is to evaluate the feasibility of a Common Functional Model (CFM) developed in the European Project OCTALIS and determine parameters of this model,

Laurent Piron; Michael Arnold; Martin Kutter; Wolfgang Funk; Jean M. Boucqueau; Fiona Craven

1999-01-01

253

Best practice benchmarking: a route to competitiveness?  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines the use of best practice benchmarking as an approach to performance improvement in the airline industry. The case study draws upon phenomenological evidence from the aircraft maintenance section of Britannia Airways. A range of benchmarking issues, which could be applied to different divisions of an airline are highlighted. In particular, inter disciplinary team building, employee involvement, relationships

Graham Francis; Matthew Hinton; Jacky Holloway; Ian Humphreys

1999-01-01

254

Sequential Circuit Test Generator (STG) benchmark results  

Microsoft Academic Search

The authors report on the results of running a version of the Sequential Circuit Test Generator (STG3) on the ISCAS-89 sequential circuit benchmarks. First, they present a brief history of STG and briefly describe the algorithms used. They then describe the conditions under which the experiments were run and give the benchmark results. No particular problems were encountered when running

W.-T. Cheng; S. Davidson

1989-01-01

255

Benchmark Assessment for Improved Learning. AACC Report  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report describes the purposes of benchmark assessments and provides recommendations for selecting and using benchmark assessments--addressing validity, alignment, reliability, fairness and bias and accessibility, instructional sensitivity, utility, and reporting issues. We also present recommendations on building capacity to support schools'…

Herman, Joan L.; Osmundson, Ellen; Dietel, Ronald

2010-01-01

256

The ISPD98 circuit benchmark suite  

Microsoft Academic Search

From 1985-1993, the MCNC regularly introduced and maintained circuit benchmarks for use by the Design Automation community. However, during the last five years, no new circuits have been introduced that can be used for developing fundamental physical design applications, such as partitioning and placement. The largest circuit in the existing set of benchmark suites has over 100,000 modules, but the

Charles J. Alpert

1998-01-01

257

Perspective: Selected benchmarks from commercial CFD codes  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper summarizes the results of a series of five benchmark simulations which were completed using commercial Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) codes. These simulations were performed by the vendors themselves, and then reported by them in ASME`s CFD Triathlon Forum and CFD Biathlon Forum. The first group of benchmarks consisted of three laminar flow problems. These were the steady, two-dimensional

C. J. Freitas

1995-01-01

258

Benchmark Dose Modeling - Basic Methodologies Course  

EPA Science Inventory

Benchmark Dose Modeling – Basic Methodologies Course The objective of this full-day course is to provide participants with interactive training on the use of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency’s (EPA) Benchmark Dose Software (BMDS) and its application to risk as...

259

Benchmarking Learning and Teaching: Developing a Method  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: To develop a method for benchmarking teaching and learning in response to an institutional need to validate a new program in Dentistry at the University of Sydney, Australia. Design/methodology/approach: After a collaborative partner, University of Adelaide, was identified, the areas of teaching and learning to be benchmarked, PBL…

Henderson-Smart, Cheryl; Winning, Tracey; Gerzina, Tania; King, Shalinie; Hyde, Sarah

2006-01-01

260

29 CFR 1952.213 - Compliance staffing benchmarks.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 false Compliance staffing benchmarks. 1952.213 Section 1952.213... § 1952.213 Compliance staffing benchmarks. Under the terms of the 1978 Court...Marshall compliance staffing levels (benchmarks) necessary for a âfully...

2013-07-01

261

29 CFR 1952.293 - Compliance staffing benchmarks.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 false Compliance staffing benchmarks. 1952.293 Section 1952.293... § 1952.293 Compliance staffing benchmarks. Under the terms of the 1978 Court...Marshall compliance staffing levels (benchmarks) necessary for a âfully...

2013-07-01

262

29 CFR 1952.203 - Compliance staffing benchmarks.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 false Compliance staffing benchmarks. 1952.203 Section 1952.203... § 1952.203 Compliance staffing benchmarks. Under the terms of the 1978 Court...Marshall, compliance staffing levels (benchmarks) necessary for a âfully...

2013-07-01

263

29 CFR 1952.93 - Compliance staffing benchmarks.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 false Compliance staffing benchmarks. 1952.93 Section 1952.93 ...§ 1952.93 Compliance staffing benchmarks. Under the terms of the 1978 Court...Marshall compliance staffing levels (benchmarks) necessary for a âfully...

2013-07-01

264

29 CFR 1952.223 - Compliance staffing benchmarks.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 false Compliance staffing benchmarks. 1952.223 Section 1952.223... § 1952.223 Compliance staffing benchmarks. Under the terms of the 1978 Court...Marshall compliance staffing levels (benchmarks) necessary for a âfully...

2013-07-01

265

42 CFR 440.330 - Benchmark health benefits coverage.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 4 2009-10-01 2009-10-01 false Benchmark health benefits coverage. 440.330 Section...PROGRAMS SERVICES: GENERAL PROVISIONS Subpart C-Benchmark Benefit and Benchmark-Equivalent Coverage § 440.330...

2009-10-01

266

29 CFR 1952.353 - Compliance staffing benchmarks.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 false Compliance staffing benchmarks. 1952.353 Section 1952.353... § 1952.353 Compliance staffing benchmarks. Under the terms of the 1978 Court...Marshall, compliance staffing levels (benchmarks) necessary for a âfully...

2013-07-01

267

42 CFR 425.602 - Establishing the benchmark.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 false Establishing the benchmark. 425.602 Section 425.602 ...Losses § 425.602 Establishing the benchmark. (a) Computing per capita Medicare Part A and Part B benchmark expenditures. In computing an...

2013-10-01

268

29 CFR 1952.113 - Compliance staffing benchmarks.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 false Compliance staffing benchmarks. 1952.113 Section 1952.113... § 1952.113 Compliance staffing benchmarks. Under the terms of the 1978 Court...Marshall, compliance staffing levels (benchmarks) necessary for a âfully...

2013-07-01

269

29 CFR 1952.233 - Compliance staffing benchmarks.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 false Compliance staffing benchmarks. 1952.233 Section 1952.233... § 1952.233 Compliance staffing benchmarks. Under the terms of the 1978 Court...Marshall compliance staffing levels (benchmarks) necessary for a âfully...

2013-07-01

270

29 CFR 1952.323 - Compliance staffing benchmarks.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 false Compliance staffing benchmarks. 1952.323 Section 1952.323... § 1952.323 Compliance staffing benchmarks. Under the terms of the 1978 Court...Marshall compliance staffing levels (benchmarks) necessary for a âfully...

2013-07-01

271

29 CFR 1952.343 - Compliance staffing benchmarks.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 false Compliance staffing benchmarks. 1952.343 Section 1952.343... § 1952.343 Compliance staffing benchmarks. Under the terms of the 1978 Court...Marshall, Compliance staffing levels (benchmarks) necessary for a âfully...

2013-07-01

272

42 CFR 440.330 - Benchmark health benefits coverage.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Benchmark health benefits coverage. 440.330 Section...ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS SERVICES: GENERAL PROVISIONS Benchmark Benefit and Benchmark-Equivalent Coverage § 440.330...

2010-10-01

273

42 CFR 457.420 - Benchmark health benefits coverage.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Benchmark health benefits coverage. 457.420 Section...Requirements: Coverage and Benefits § 457.420 Benchmark health benefits coverage. Benchmark coverage is health benefits coverage...

2013-10-01

274

29 CFR 1952.373 - Compliance staffing benchmarks.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 false Compliance staffing benchmarks. 1952.373 Section 1952.373... § 1952.373 Compliance staffing benchmarks. Under the terms of the 1978 Court...Marshall compliance staffing levels (benchmarks) necessary for a âfully...

2013-07-01

275

29 CFR 1952.163 - Compliance staffing benchmarks.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 false Compliance staffing benchmarks. 1952.163 Section 1952.163... § 1952.163 Compliance staffing benchmarks. Under the terms of the 1978 Court...Marshall, compliance staffing levels (benchmarks) necessary for a âfully...

2013-07-01

276

Benchmarking Sets for Molecular Docking  

PubMed Central

Ligand enrichment among top-ranking hits is a key metric of molecular docking. To avoid bias, decoys should resemble ligands physically, so that enrichment is not simply a separation of gross features, yet be chemically distinct from them, so that they are unlikely to be binders. We have assembled a directory of useful decoys (DUD), with 2950 ligands for 40 different targets. Every ligand has 36 decoy molecules that are physically similar but topologically distinct, leading to a database of 98,266 compounds. For most targets, enrichment was at least half a log better with uncorrected databases such as the MDDR than with DUD, evidence of bias in the former. These calculations also allowed forty-by-forty cross docking, where the enrichments of each ligand set could be compared for all 40 targets, enabling a specificity metric for the docking screens. DUD is freely available online as a benchmarking set for docking at http://blaster.docking.org/dud/.

Huang, Niu; Shoichet, Brian K.; Irwin, John J.

2012-01-01

277

Benchmarking Multipacting Simulations in VORPAL  

SciTech Connect

We will present the results of benchmarking simulations run to test the ability of VORPAL to model multipacting processes in Superconducting Radio Frequency structures. VORPAL is an electromagnetic (FDTD) particle-in-cell simulation code originally developed for applications in plasma and beam physics. The addition of conformal boundaries and algorithms for secondary electron emission allow VORPAL to be applied to multipacting processes. We start with simulations of multipacting between parallel plates where there are well understood theoretical predictions for the frequency bands where multipacting is expected to occur. We reproduce the predicted multipacting bands and demonstrate departures from the theoretical predictions when a more sophisticated model of secondary emission is used. Simulations of existing cavity structures developed at Jefferson National Laboratories will also be presented where we compare results from VORPAL to experimental data.

C. Nieter, C. Roark, P. Stoltz, K. Tian

2009-05-01

278

Neutronics benchmark experiment on tungsten  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In order to validate neutron cross sections for W, a benchmark experiment was carried out at the Frascati Neutron Generator (FNG), that consisted of the irradiation with 14 MeV neutrons of a tungsten block. Neutron flux and gamma heating were measured inside the block. The results were analysed with the Monte Carlo code MCNP-4C using for W, Fe and Ni the cross sections derived from EFF-2.4 and FENDL-2.0. In the neutron flux case, most of the calculations were in agreement with the experimental data within the total uncertainty using EFF-2.4, while they underestimated the fast neutron flux with increasing depth when using FENDL-2 cross sections. A strong discrepancy was found in the photon production data from the EFF-2.4 and FENDL-2 libraries, producing different values for the gamma heating in the two cases. FENDL-2 calculations showed better agreement with the measurements.

Batistoni, P.; Angelone, M.; Petrizzi, L.; Pillon, M.

2004-08-01

279

COG validation: SINBAD Benchmark Problems  

SciTech Connect

We validated COG, a 3D Monte Carlo radiation transport code, against experimental data and MNCP4C simulations from the Shielding Integral Benchmark Archive Database (SINBAD) compiled by RSICC. We modeled three experiments: the Osaka Nickel and Aluminum sphere experiments conducted at the OKTAVIAN facility, and the liquid oxygen experiment conducted at the FNS facility. COG results are in good agreement with experimental data and generally within a few % of MCNP results. There are several possible sources of discrepancy between MCNP and COG results: (1) the cross-section database versions are different, MCNP uses ENDFB VI 1.1 while COG uses ENDFB VIR7, (2) the code implementations are different, and (3) the models may differ slightly. We also limited the use of variance reduction methods when running the COG version of the problems.

Lent, E M; Sale, K E; Buck, R M; Descalle, M

2004-02-23

280

Memorization techniques: Using mnemonics to learn fifth grade science terms  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The purpose of this study was to determine whether mnemonic instruction could assist students in learning fifth-grade science terminology more effectively than traditional-study methods of recall currently in practice The task was to examine if fifth-grade students were able to learn a mnemonic and then use it to understand science vocabulary; subsequently, to determine if students were able to remember the science terms after a period of time. The problem is that in general, elementary school students are not being successful in science achievement at the fifth grade level. In view of this problem, if science performance is increased at the elementary level, then it is likely that students will be successful when tested at the 8th and 10th grade in science with the Texas Assessment of Knowledge and Skills (TAKS) in the future. Two research questions were posited: (1) Is there a difference in recall achievement when a mnemonic such as method of loci, pegword method, or keyword method is used in learning fifth-grade science vocabulary as compared to the traditional-study method? (2) If using a mnemonic in learning fifth-grade science vocabulary was effective on recall achievement, would this achievement be maintained over a span of time? The need for this study was to assist students in learning science terms and concepts for state accountability purposes. The first assumption was that memorization techniques are not commonly applied in fifth-grade science classes in elementary schools. A second assumption was that mnemonic devices could be used successfully in learning science terms and increase long term retention. The first limitation was that the study was conducted on one campus in one school district in South Texas which limited the generalization of the study. The second limitation was that it included random assigned intact groups as opposed to random student assignment to fifth-grade classroom groups.

Garcia, Juan O.

281

Highlights of 10th plasma chemistry meeting  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The chemical structure is given of a film formed by plasma polymerization from pyridine monomers. The film has a hydrophilic chemical structure, its molecular weight is 900, and the molecular system is C55H50N10O3. The electrical characteristics of a plasma polymerized film are described. The film has good insulating properties and was successfully applied as video disc coating. Etching resistance properties make it possible to use the film as a resist in etching. The characteristics of plasma polymer formed from monomers containing tetramethyltin are discussed. The polymer is in film form, displays good adhesiveness, is similar to UV film UV 35 in light absorption and is highly insulating.

Kitamura, K.; Hashimoto, H.; Hozumi, K.

1981-01-01

282

10th Anniversary P.S.  

ScienceCinema

John Adams parle de la préhistoire du P.S. avec présentation des dias. Le DG B.Gregory prend la parole. Les organisateurs présentent sous la direction du "Prof.Ocktette"(?) un sketch très humoristique (p.e.existence de Quark etc.....)

None

2011-04-25

283

European Triga Users Conference (10th).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Abstracts of 46 papers on various aspects of Triga reactors (mainly Triga Mark 2 reactors) are given, according to the main headings: reactor operation and maintenance experience; new developments and improvements of Triga components and systems, includin...

Anon

1988-01-01

284

Mt. Pinatubo 10th Anniversary Perspective (Stills)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This recent false color Landsat-7 image, from January 2001, shows Mt. Pinatubo as it stands today. The caldera is seen in the middle of the image, underneath clouds. Ten years after the blast, vegetation is re-growing on the slopes of the mountain (in green.) Streams of mud, called lahars, (resulting from ash from the eruption mixing with water- seen as the lighter sediment) continue to flow down the sides of the mountains, as well as channels of water (darker streams). However, as vegetation grows back, the ash becomes more stabilized and less likely to form the destructive lahars.

Mangos, Michael; Mcpeters, Richard; Herman, Jay

2001-06-12

285

Mt. Pinatubo 10th Anniversary Perspective  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This recent false color Landsat-7 image, from January 2001, shows Mt. Pinatubo as it stands today. The caldera is seen in the middle of the image, underneath clouds. Ten years after the blast, vegetation is re-growing on the slopes of the mountain (in green.) Streams of mud, called lahars, (resulting from ash from the eruption mixing with water- seen as the lighter sediment) continue to flow down the sides of the mountains, as well as channels of water (darker streams). However, as vegetation grows back, the ash becomes more stabilized and less likely to form the destructive lahars.

Mangos, Michael; Mcpeters, Richard; Herman, Jay

2001-06-12

286

10th Annual North American ABC Meeting  

Cancer.gov

This javascript function provides additional and unnecessary visual feedback for when users mouse-over and mouse-out of the main navigation. It has been added here for 'extra punch' but is not necessary for navigating the site.

287

Mosaic Web Browser Celebrates 10th Birthday  

NSF Publications Database

... to allow Web pages to include both graphics and text was developed by students and staff working at ... post images, sound, video clips, and multi-font text within the Web's hypertext system. In 1994, NSF ...

288

Effective File I/O Bandwidth Benchmark  

SciTech Connect

The effective I/O bandwidth benchmark (b{_}eff{_}io) covers two goals: (1) to achieve a characteristic average number for the I/O bandwidth achievable with parallel MPI-I/O applications, and (2) to get detailed information about several access patterns and buffer lengths. The benchmark examines ''first write'', ''rewrite'' and ''read'' access, strided (individual and shared pointers) and segmented collective patterns on one file per application and non-collective access to one file per process. The number of parallel accessing processes is also varied and well-formed I/O is compared with non-well formed. On systems, meeting the rule that the total memory can be written to disk in 10 minutes, the benchmark should not need more than 15 minutes for a first pass of all patterns. The benchmark is designed analogously to the effective bandwidth benchmark for message passing (b{_}eff) that characterizes the message passing capabilities of a system in a few minutes. First results of the b{_}eff{_}io benchmark are given for IBM SP and Cray T3E systems and compared with existing benchmarks based on parallel Posix-I/O.

Rabenseifner, R.; Koniges, A.E.

2000-02-15

289

ICSBEP Benchmarks For Nuclear Data Applications  

SciTech Connect

The International Criticality Safety Benchmark Evaluation Project (ICSBEP) was initiated in 1992 by the United States Department of Energy. The ICSBEP became an official activity of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) -- Nuclear Energy Agency (NEA) in 1995. Representatives from the United States, United Kingdom, France, Japan, the Russian Federation, Hungary, Republic of Korea, Slovenia, Serbia and Montenegro (formerly Yugoslavia), Kazakhstan, Spain, Israel, Brazil, Poland, and the Czech Republic are now participating. South Africa, India, China, and Germany are considering participation. The purpose of the ICSBEP is to identify, evaluate, verify, and formally document a comprehensive and internationally peer-reviewed set of criticality safety benchmark data. The work of the ICSBEP is published as an OECD handbook entitled ''International Handbook of Evaluated Criticality Safety Benchmark Experiments.'' The 2004 Edition of the Handbook contains benchmark specifications for 3331 critical or subcritical configurations that are intended for use in validation efforts and for testing basic nuclear data. New to the 2004 Edition of the Handbook is a draft criticality alarm / shielding type benchmark that should be finalized in 2005 along with two other similar benchmarks. The Handbook is being used extensively for nuclear data testing and is expected to be a valuable resource for code and data validation and improvement efforts for decades to come. Specific benchmarks that are useful for testing structural materials such as iron, chromium, nickel, and manganese; beryllium; lead; thorium; and 238U are highlighted.

Briggs, J. Blair [Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory (United States)

2005-05-24

290

Developing integrated benchmarks for DOE performance measurement  

SciTech Connect

The objectives of this task were to describe and evaluate selected existing sources of information on occupational safety and health with emphasis on hazard and exposure assessment, abatement, training, reporting, and control identifying for exposure and outcome in preparation for developing DOE performance benchmarks. Existing resources and methodologies were assessed for their potential use as practical performance benchmarks. Strengths and limitations of current data resources were identified. Guidelines were outlined for developing new or improved performance factors, which then could become the basis for selecting performance benchmarks. Data bases for non-DOE comparison populations were identified so that DOE performance could be assessed relative to non-DOE occupational and industrial groups. Systems approaches were described which can be used to link hazards and exposure, event occurrence, and adverse outcome factors, as needed to generate valid, reliable, and predictive performance benchmarks. Data bases were identified which contain information relevant to one or more performance assessment categories . A list of 72 potential performance benchmarks was prepared to illustrate the kinds of information that can be produced through a benchmark development program. Current information resources which may be used to develop potential performance benchmarks are limited. There is need to develop an occupational safety and health information and data system in DOE, which is capable of incorporating demonstrated and documented performance benchmarks prior to, or concurrent with the development of hardware and software. A key to the success of this systems approach is rigorous development and demonstration of performance benchmark equivalents to users of such data before system hardware and software commitments are institutionalized.

Barancik, J.I.; Kramer, C.F.; Thode, Jr. H.C.

1992-09-30

291

Pollution prevention opportunity assessment benchmarking: Recommendations for Hanford  

SciTech Connect

Pollution Prevention Opportunity Assessments (P2OAs) are an important first step in any pollution prevention program. While P2OAs have been and are being conducted at Hanford, there exists no standard guidance, training, tracking, or systematic approach to identifying and addressing the most important waste streams. The purpose of this paper then is to serve as a guide to the Pollution Prevention group at Westinghouse Hanford in developing and implementing P2OAs at Hanford. By searching the literature and benchmarks other sites and agencies, the best elements from those programs can be incorporated and pitfalls more easily avoided. This search began with the 1988 document that introduces P2OAs (then called Process Waste Assessments, PWAS) by the Environmental Protection Agency. This important document presented the basic framework of P20A features which appeared in almost all later programs. Major Department of Energy programs were also examined, with particular attention to the Defense Programs P20A method of a graded approach, as presented at the Kansas City Plant. The graded approach is a system of conducting P2OAs of varying levels of detail depending on the size and importance of the waste stream. Finally, private industry programs were examined briefly. While all the benchmarked programs had excellent features, it was determined that the size and mission of Hanford precluded lifting any one program for use. Thus, a series of recommendations were made, based on the literature review, in order to begin an extensive program of P2OAs at Hanford. These recommendations are in the areas of: facility Pollution Prevention teams, P20A scope and methodology, guidance documents, training for facilities (and management), technical and informational support, tracking and measuring success, and incentives.

Engel, J.A.

1994-05-01

292

Pattern Grading System.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Pattern Grading System developed under this contract consists of three major subsystems: Digitizing, Grading and Plotting. Each of these subsystems is a computer program with accompanying directions for use.

1973-01-01

293

Graded photonic quasicrystals.  

PubMed

We introduce graded photonic quasicrystals and investigate properties of such structures on the example of a Luneburg lens based on a dodecagonal photonic quasicrystal. It is shown that the graded photonic quasicrystal lens has better focusing properties as compared with the graded photonic crystal lens in a frequency range suitable for experimental realization. The proposed graded photonic quasicrystals can be used in optical systems where compact and powerful focusing elements are required. PMID:22739847

Dyachenko, Pavel N; Pavelyev, Vladimir S; Soifer, Victor A

2012-06-15

294

Metrics and Benchmarks for Visualization  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

What is a "good" visualization? How can the quality of a visualization be measured? How can one tell whether one visualization is "better" than another? I claim that the true quality of a visualization can only be measured in the context of a particular purpose. The same image generated from the same data may be excellent for one purpose and abysmal for another. A good measure of visualization quality will correspond to the performance of users in accomplishing the intended purpose, so the "gold standard" is user testing. As a user of visualization software (or at least a consultant to such users) I don't expect visualization software to have been tested in this way for every possible use. In fact, scientific visualization (as distinct from more "production oriented" uses of visualization) will continually encounter new data, new questions and new purposes; user testing can never keep up. User need software they can trust, and advice on appropriate visualizations of particular purposes. Considering the following four processes, and their impact on visualization trustworthiness, reveals important work needed to create worthwhile metrics and benchmarks for visualization. These four processes are (1) complete system testing (user-in-loop), (2) software testing, (3) software design and (4) information dissemination. Additional information is contained in the original extended abstract.

Uselton, Samuel P.; Lasinski, T. A. (Technical Monitor)

1995-01-01

295

ASIS healthcare security benchmarking study.  

PubMed

Effective security has aligned itself into the everyday operations of a healthcare organization. This is evident in every regional market segment, regardless of size, location, and provider clinical expertise or organizational growth. This research addresses key security issues from an acute care provider to freestanding facilities, from rural hospitals and community hospitals to large urban teaching hospitals. Security issues and concerns are identified and addressed daily by senior and middle management. As provider campuses become larger and more diverse, the hospitals surveyed have identified critical changes and improvements that are proposed or pending. Mitigating liabilities and improving patient, visitor, and/or employee safety are consequential to the performance and viability of all healthcare providers. Healthcare organizations have identified the requirement to compete for patient volume and revenue. The facility that can deliver high-quality healthcare in a comfortable, safe, secure, and efficient atmosphere will have a significant competitive advantage over a facility where patient or visitor security and safety is deficient. Continuing changes in healthcare organizations' operating structure and healthcare geographic layout mean changes in leadership and direction. These changes have led to higher levels of corporate responsibility. As a result, each organization participating in this benchmark study has added value and will derive value for the overall benefit of the healthcare providers throughout the nation. This study provides a better understanding of how the fundamental security needs of security in healthcare organizations are being addressed and its solutions identified and implemented. PMID:11602980

2001-01-01

296

Grade-A Perfect  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Despite the wealth of information available, there is no consensus on best practices for grading. In this article, the author identifies four key philosophical questions that should guide the development of a teacher's grading system and provides tips that can help principals guide teachers in developing a grading system. (Contains 1 figure.)

Brown, Joseph

2004-01-01

297

The Case against Grades  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Decades of research shows that grades diminish students' interest in whatever they're learning, discourage students from taking academic risks, and reduce the quality of students' thinking, writes Kohn. Contrary to what many people assume, grades are not necessary to promote achievement. Attempts to "improve" grading--such as standards-based…

Kohn, Alfie

2011-01-01

298

Making the Grade.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Explains the importance of choosing wood flooring for athletic facilities and why the grade of wood specified can significantly impact sports-facility aesthetics. The three types of wood grades are explained along with thoughts on why choosing the priciest grade may not be satisfactory. (GR)

Dahlgren, Sally

2000-01-01

299

General Graded Response Model.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes the graded response model. The graded response model represents a family of mathematical models that deal with ordered polytomous categories, such as: (1) letter grading; (2) an attitude survey with "strongly disagree, disagree, agree, and strongly agree" choices; (3) partial credit given in accord with an individual's degree…

Samejima, Fumiko

300

Comparison of Grading Procedures.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Conventional, standard scores, deviation-weighted, weighted root-mean-square, and geometric-mean grading methods are described, noting strengths/weaknesses of each. Methods are compared to aid in selecting the most equitable one. Also shows that grades depend not only on student achievement but also on the way the teacher determines a grade. (JN)

Remillard, Wilfred J.

1983-01-01

301

Bias in Grading  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Bias in grading can be conscious or unconscious. The author describes different types of bias, such as those based on student attractiveness or performance in prior courses, and a variety of methods of reducing bias, including keeping students anonymous during grading and using detailed criteria for subjective grading.

Malouff, John

2008-01-01

302

Benchmark calculations from summarized data: an example  

SciTech Connect

Benchmark calculations often are made from data extracted from publications. Such datamay not be in a formmost appropriate for benchmark analysis, and, as a result, suboptimal and/or non-standard benchmark analyses are often applied. This problem can be mitigated in some cases using Monte Carlo computational methods that allow the likelihood of the published data to be calculated while still using an appropriate benchmark dose (BMD) definition. Such an approach is illustrated herein using data from a study of workers exposed to styrene, in which a hybrid BMD calculation is implemented from dose response data reported only as means and standard deviations of ratios of scores on neuropsychological tests from exposed subjects to corresponding scores from matched controls. The likelihood of the data is computed using a combination of analytic and Monte Carlo integration methods.

Crump, K. S.; Teeguarden, Justin G.

2009-03-01

303

MIDACO software performance on interplanetary trajectory benchmarks  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A numerical study of the MIDACO optimization software on the well known GTOP benchmark set, published by the European Space Agency (ESA), is presented. The GTOP database provides trajectory models of real-world interplanetary space missions such as Cassini, Messenger or Rosetta. The trajectory models are formulated as constrained nonlinear optimization problems and are known to be difficult to solve. Here a comprehensive and rigorous numerical analysis of the MIDACO out-of-the-box performance on the GTOP benchmark set is presented and discussed. In the past, the putative best known solutions of these benchmarks often required several months and even years to be found. In this contribution it will be shown, that MIDACO is able to solve five out of seven of these benchmarks to their best known solution within minutes to hours.

Schlueter, Martin

2014-08-01

304

Disinfection Profiling and Benchmarking Guidance Manual.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The objective of this guidance manual is to help Public Water Systems (PWSs) in implementing the practice of disinfection profiling and benchmarking as required under the interim Enhanced Surface Water Treatment Rule (IESWTR) promulgated December 16, 1998...

1999-01-01

305

The FLUKA code: description and benchmarking  

SciTech Connect

The physics model implemented inside the FLUKA code are briefly described, with emphasis on hadronic interactions. Examples of the capabilities of the code are presented including basic (thin target) and complex benchmarks.

Battistoni, G.; Muraro, S.; Sala, P. R. [INFN sezione di Milano, via Celoria 16, I-20133 Milan (Italy); Cerutti, F.; Ferrari, A.; Roesler, S. [CERN, CH-1211 GENEVE 23 (Switzerland); Fasso, A. [SLAC, Stanford (United States); Ranft, J. [Siegen University (Germany)

2007-03-19

306

The FLUKA Code: Description And Benchmarking  

SciTech Connect

The physics model implemented inside the FLUKA code are briefly described, with emphasis on hadronic interactions. Examples of the capabilities of the code are presented including basic (thin target) and complex benchmarks.

Battistoni, Giuseppe; Muraro, S.; Sala, Paola R.; /INFN, Milan; Cerutti, Fabio; Ferrari, A.; Roesler, Stefan; /CERN; Fasso, A.; /SLAC; Ranft, J.; /Siegen U.

2007-09-18

307

NAS Grid Benchmarks. 1.0  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

We provide a paper-and-pencil specification of a benchmark suite for computational grids. It is based on the NAS (NASA Advanced Supercomputing) Parallel Benchmarks (NPB) and is called the NAS Grid Benchmarks (NGB). NGB problems are presented as data flow graphs encapsulating an instance of a slightly modified NPB task in each graph node, which communicates with other nodes by sending/receiving initialization data. Like NPB, NGB specifies several different classes (problem sizes). In this report we describe classes S, W, and A, and provide verification values for each. The implementor has the freedom to choose any language, grid environment, security model, fault tolerance/error correction mechanism, etc., as long as the resulting implementation passes the verification test and reports the turnaround time of the benchmark.

VanderWijngaart, Rob; Frumkin, Michael; Biegel, Bryan A. (Technical Monitor)

2002-01-01

308

Benchmarking ENDF/B-VII.0  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The new major release VII.0 of the ENDF/B nuclear data library has been tested extensively using benchmark calculations. These were based upon MCNP-4C3 continuous-energy Monte Carlo neutronics simulations, together with nuclear data processed using the code NJOY. Three types of benchmarks were used, viz., criticality safety benchmarks, (fusion) shielding benchmarks, and reference systems for which the effective delayed neutron fraction is reported. For criticality safety, more than 700 benchmarks from the International Handbook of Criticality Safety Benchmark Experiments were used. Benchmarks from all categories were used, ranging from low-enriched uranium, compound fuel, thermal spectrum ones (LEU-COMP-THERM), to mixed uranium-plutonium, metallic fuel, fast spectrum ones (MIX-MET-FAST). For fusion shielding many benchmarks were based on IAEA specifications for the Oktavian experiments (for Al, Co, Cr, Cu, LiF, Mn, Mo, Si, Ti, W, Zr), Fusion Neutronics Source in Japan (for Be, C, N, O, Fe, Pb), and Pulsed Sphere experiments at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (for 6Li, 7Li, Be, C, N, O, Mg, Al, Ti, Fe, Pb, D 2O, H 2O, concrete, polyethylene and teflon). For testing delayed neutron data more than thirty measurements in widely varying systems were used. Among these were measurements in the Tank Critical Assembly (TCA in Japan) and IPEN/MB-01 (Brazil), both with a thermal spectrum, and two cores in Masurca (France) and three cores in the Fast Critical Assembly (FCA, Japan), all with fast spectra. In criticality safety, many benchmarks were chosen from the category with a thermal spectrum, low-enriched uranium, compound fuel (LEU-COMP-THERM), because this is typical of most current-day reactors, and because these benchmarks were previously underpredicted by as much as 0.5% by most nuclear data libraries (such as ENDF/B-VI.8, JEFF-3.0). The calculated results presented here show that this underprediction is no longer there for ENDF/B-VII.0. The average over 257 benchmarks deviates only 0.017% from the measured benchmark value. Moreover, no clear trends (with e.g. enrichment, lattice pitch, or spectrum) have been observed. Also for fast spectrum benchmarks, both for intermediately or highly enriched uranium and for plutonium, clear improvements are apparent from the calculations. The results for bare assemblies have improved, as well as those with a depleted or natural uranium reflector. On the other hand, the results for plutonium solutions (PU-SOL-THERM) are still high, on average (over 120 benchmarks) roughly 0.6%. Furthermore there still is a bias for a range of benchmarks based on cores in the Zero Power Reactor (ANL) with sizable amounts of tungsten in them. The results for the fusion shielding benchmarks have not changed significantly, compared to ENDF/B-VI.8, for most materials. The delayed neutron testing shows that the values for both thermal and fast spectrum cases are now well predicted, which is an improvement when compared with ENDF/B-VI.8.

van der Marck, Steven C.

2006-12-01

309

Benchmark calculations of power distribution within assemblies.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The main objective of this Benchmark is to compare different techniques for fine flux prediction based upon coarse mesh diffusion or transport calculations. We proposed 5 'core' configurations including different assembly types (17 x 17 pins, 'uranium', '...

C. Cavarec J. F. Perron D. Verwaerde J. P. West

1994-01-01

310

XWeB: The XML Warehouse Benchmark  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

With the emergence of XML as a standard for representing business data, new decision support applications are being developed. These XML data warehouses aim at supporting On-Line Analytical Processing (OLAP) operations that manipulate irregular XML data. To ensure feasibility of these new tools, important performance issues must be addressed. Performance is customarily assessed with the help of benchmarks. However, decision support benchmarks do not currently support XML features. In this paper, we introduce the XML Warehouse Benchmark (XWeB), which aims at filling this gap. XWeB derives from the relational decision support benchmark TPC-H. It is mainly composed of a test data warehouse that is based on a unified reference model for XML warehouses and that features XML-specific structures, and its associate XQuery decision support workload. XWeB's usage is illustrated by experiments on several XML database management systems.

Mahboubi, Hadj; Darmont, Jérôme

311

Benchmarking ORTEC Isotopic Measurements and Calculations.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report represents a description of compiled benchmark tests conducted to probe and to demonstrate the extensive utility of the Ortec ISOTOPIC (gamma)-ray analysis computer program. The ISOTOPIC program performs analyses of (gamma)-ray spectra applied...

B. N. Nitin C. V. Vito R. Dewberry S. R. Raymond

2008-01-01

312

Public Relations in Accounting: A Benchmark Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reports on a national study of one segment of the professional services market: the accounting profession. Benchmark data on CPA firms' attitudes toward and uses of public relations are presented and practical and theoretical/research issues are discussed. (JC)

Pincus, J. David; Pincus, Karen V.

1987-01-01

313

Toward Scalable Benchmarks for Mass Storage Systems  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This paper presents guidelines for the design of a mass storage system benchmark suite, along with preliminary suggestions for programs to be included. The benchmarks will measure both peak and sustained performance of the system as well as predicting both short- and long-term behavior. These benchmarks should be both portable and scalable so they may be used on storage systems from tens of gigabytes to petabytes or more. By developing a standard set of benchmarks that reflect real user workload, we hope to encourage system designers and users to publish performance figures that can be compared with those of other systems. This will allow users to choose the system that best meets their needs and give designers a tool with which they can measure the performance effects of improvements to their systems.

Miller, Ethan L.

1996-01-01

314

DOE Commercial Building Benchmark Models: Preprint  

SciTech Connect

To provide a consistent baseline of comparison and save time conducting such simulations, the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) has developed a set of standard benchmark building models. This paper will provide an executive summary overview of these benchmark buildings, and how they can save building analysts valuable time. Fully documented and implemented to use with the EnergyPlus energy simulation program, the benchmark models are publicly available and new versions will be created to maintain compatibility with new releases of EnergyPlus. The benchmark buildings will form the basis for research on specific building technologies, energy code development, appliance standards, and measurement of progress toward DOE energy goals. Having a common starting point allows us to better share and compare research results and move forward to make more energy efficient buildings.

Torcelini, P.; Deru, M.; Griffith, B.; Benne, K.; Halverson, M.; Winiarski, D.; Crawley, D. B.

2008-07-01

315

A framework for benchmarking land models  

SciTech Connect

Land models, which have been developed by the modeling community in the past few decades to predict future states of ecosystems and climate, have to be critically evaluated for their performance skills of simulating ecosystem responses and feedback to climate change. Benchmarking is an emerging procedure to measure performance of models against a set of defined standards. This paper proposes a benchmarking framework for evaluation of land model performances and, meanwhile, highlights major challenges at this infant stage of benchmark analysis. The framework includes (1) targeted aspects of model performance to be evaluated, (2) a set of benchmarks as defined references to test model performance, (3) metrics to measure and compare performance skills among models so as to identify model strengths and deficiencies, and (4) model improvement. Land models are required to simulate exchange of water, energy, carbon and sometimes other trace gases between the atmosphere and land surface, and should be evaluated for their simulations of biophysical processes, biogeochemical cycles, and vegetation dynamics in response to climate change across broad temporal and spatial scales. Thus, one major challenge is to select and define a limited number of benchmarks to effectively evaluate land model performance. The second challenge is to develop metrics of measuring mismatches between models and benchmarks. The metrics may include (1) a priori thresholds of acceptable model performance and (2) a scoring system to combine data–model mismatches for various processes at different temporal and spatial scales. The benchmark analyses should identify clues of weak model performance to guide future development, thus enabling improved predictions of future states of ecosystems and climate. The near-future research effort should be on development of a set of widely acceptable benchmarks that can be used to objectively, effectively, and reliably evaluate fundamental properties of land models to improve their prediction performance skills.

Luo, Yiqi; Randerson, J.; Abramowitz, G.; Bacour, C.; Blyth, E.; Carvalhais, N.; Ciais, Philippe; Dalmonech, D.; Fisher, J.B.; Fisher, R.; Friedlingstein, P.; Hibbard, Kathleen A.; Hoffman, F. M.; Huntzinger, Deborah; Jones, C.; Koven, C.; Lawrence, David M.; Li, D.J.; Mahecha, M.; Niu, S.L.; Norby, Richard J.; Piao, S.L.; Qi, X.; Peylin, P.; Prentice, I.C.; Riley, William; Reichstein, M.; Schwalm, C.; Wang, Y.; Xia, J. Y.; Zaehle, S.; Zhou, X. H.

2012-10-09

316

Combinational profiles of sequential benchmark circuits  

Microsoft Academic Search

A set of 31 digital sequential circuits described at the gate level is presented. These circuits extend the size and complexity of the ISCAS'85 set of combinational circuits and can serve as benchmarks for researchers interested in sequential test generation, scan-based test generation, and mixed sequential\\/scan-based test generation using partial scan techniques. Although all the benchmark circuits are sequential, synchronous,

Franc Brglez; David Bryan; K. Kozminski

1989-01-01

317

The NAS Parallel Benchmarks 2.0  

Microsoft Academic Search

We describe a set of implementations of the NAS Parallel Benchmarks based on Fortran 77 and the MPI message passing standard. These implementations,which are intended to be run with little or no tuning, approximate the performance a typical user can expect for a portable parallel program on a distributed memory computer. They complement rather than replace the originalNAS Parallel Benchmarks.We

David Bailey; Tim Harris; William Saphir; Rob Van Der Wijngaart; Alex Woo; Maurice Yarrow

1995-01-01

318

Postmark: a new file system benchmark  

Microsoft Academic Search

Existing file system benchmarks are deficient in portraying performance in the ephemeral small-file regime used by Internet software, especially: electronicmail; netnews; and web-based commerce. PostMark is a new benchmark to measure performance for this class of application.In this paper, PostMark test results are presented and analyzed for both UNIX and Windows NT application servers. Network Appliance Filers (file server appliances)

J. Katcher

1997-01-01

319

A framework for benchmarking land models  

SciTech Connect

Land models, which have been developed by the modeling community in the past few decades to predict future states of ecosystems and climate, have to be critically evaluated for their performance skills of simulating ecosystem responses and feedback to climate change. Benchmarking is an emerging procedure to measure performance of models against a set of defined standards. This paper proposes a benchmarking framework for evaluation of land model performances and, meanwhile, highlights major challenges at this infant stage of benchmark analysis. The framework includes (1) targeted aspects of model performance to be evaluated, (2) a set of benchmarks as defined references to test model performance, (3) metrics to measure and compare performance skills among models so as to identify model strengths and deficiencies, and (4) model improvement. Land models are required to simulate exchange of water, energy, carbon and sometimes other trace gases between the atmosphere and land surface, and should be evaluated for their simulations of biophysical processes, biogeochemical cycles, and vegetation dynamics in response to climate change across broad temporal and spatial scales. Thus, one major challenge is to select and define a limited number of benchmarks to effectively evaluate land model performance. The second challenge is to develop metrics of measuring mismatches between models and benchmarks. The metrics may include (1) a priori thresholds of acceptable model performance and (2) a scoring system to combine data model mismatches for various processes at different temporal and spatial scales. The benchmark analyses should identify clues of weak model performance to guide future development, thus enabling improved predictions of future states of ecosystems and climate. The near-future research effort should be on development of a set of widely acceptable benchmarks that can be used to objectively, effectively, and reliably evaluate fundamental properties of land models to improve their prediction performance skills.

Luo, Yiqi [University of Oklahoma; Randerson, James T. [University of California, Irvine; Hoffman, Forrest [ORNL; Norby, Richard J [ORNL

2012-01-01

320

Simple Benchmark Specifications for Space Radiation Protection  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This report defines space radiation benchmark specifications. This specification starts with simple, monoenergetic, mono-directional particles on slabs and progresses to human models in spacecraft. This report specifies the models and sources needed to what the team performing the benchmark needs to produce in a report. Also included are brief descriptions of how OLTARIS, the NASA Langley website for space radiation analysis, performs its analysis.

Singleterry, Robert C. Jr.; Aghara, Sukesh K.

2013-01-01

321

Evolution of Synthetic RTL Benchmark Circuits with Predened  

Microsoft Academic Search

he proposed method a new collection of synthetic benchmark circuits was developed. These benchmark circuits will be useful in a validation process of novel algorithms and tools in the area of digital circuits testing. Evolved benchmark circuits currently represent the most complex benchmark circuits with a known level of testability. Furthermore, these circuits are the largest circuits that have ever

TOMAS PECENKA; LUKAS SEKANINA; ZDENEK KOTASEK

322

A Set of Benchmarks fo Modular Testing of SOCs  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract: This paper presents the ITC'02 SOC Test Benchmarks. The purpose of this new benchmark set is to stimulate research into newmethods and tools for modular testing of SOCs and to enable the objective comparison of such methods and tools with respect toeffectiveness and efficiency. The paper defines the benchmark format and naming scheme, and presents the benchmark SOCs. Inaddition,

Erik Jan Marinissen; Vikram Iyengar; Krishnendu Chakrabarty

2002-01-01

323

CommBench-a telecommunications benchmark for network processors  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper presents a benchmark, CommBench, for use in evaluating and designing telecommunications network processors. The benchmark applications focus on small, computationally intense program kernels typical of the network processor environment. The benchmark is composed of eight programs, four of them oriented towards packet header processing and four oriented towards data stream processing. The benchmark is defined and characteristics such

Tilman Wolf; Mark Franklin

2000-01-01

324

Benchmarks: The Development of a New Approach to Student Evaluation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Toronto Board of Education Benchmarks are libraries of reference materials that demonstrate student achievement at various levels. Each library contains video benchmarks, print benchmarks, a staff handbook, and summary and introductory documents. This book is about the development and the history of the benchmark program. It has taken over 3…

Larter, Sylvia

325

Benchmarking for Cost Improvement. Final report  

SciTech Connect

The US Department of Energy`s (DOE) Office of Environmental Restoration and Waste Management (EM) conducted the Benchmarking for Cost Improvement initiative with three objectives: Pilot test benchmarking as an EM cost improvement tool; identify areas for cost improvement and recommend actions to address these areas; provide a framework for future cost improvement. The benchmarking initiative featured the use of four principal methods (program classification, nationwide cost improvement survey, paired cost comparison and component benchmarking). Interested parties contributed during both the design and execution phases. The benchmarking initiative was conducted on an accelerated basis. Of necessity, it considered only a limited set of data that may not be fully representative of the diverse and complex conditions found at the many DOE installations. The initiative generated preliminary data about cost differences and it found a high degree of convergence on several issues. Based on this convergence, the report recommends cost improvement strategies and actions. This report describes the steps taken as part of the benchmarking initiative and discusses the findings and recommended actions for achieving cost improvement. The results and summary recommendations, reported below, are organized by the study objectives.

Not Available

1993-09-01

326

Action-Oriented Benchmarking: Concepts and Tools  

SciTech Connect

Most energy benchmarking tools provide static feedback on how one building compares to a larger set of loosely similar buildings, without providing information at the end-use level or on what can be done to reduce consumption, cost, or emissions. In this article--Part 1 of a two-part series--we describe an 'action-oriented benchmarking' approach, which extends whole-building energy benchmarking to include analysis of system and component energy use metrics and features. Action-oriented benchmarking thereby allows users to generate more meaningful metrics and to identify, screen and prioritize potential efficiency improvements. This opportunity assessment process can then be used to inform and optimize a full-scale audit or commissioning process. We introduce a new web-based action-oriented benchmarking system and associated software tool-EnergyIQ. The benchmarking methods, visualizations, and user interface design are informed by an end-user needs assessment survey and best-practice guidelines from ASHRAE.

California Energy Commission; Mathew, Paul; Mills, Evan; Mathew, Paul; Piette, Mary Ann; Bourassa, Norman; Brook, Martha

2008-02-13

327

The skyshine benchmark experiment revisited.  

PubMed

With the coming renaissance of nuclear power, heralded by new nuclear power plant construction in Finland, the issue of qualifying modern tools for calculation becomes prominent. Among the calculations required may be the determination of radiation levels outside the plant owing to skyshine. For example, knowledge of the degree of accuracy in the calculation of gamma skyshine through the turbine hall roof of a BWR plant is important. Modern survey programs which can calculate skyshine dose rates tend to be qualified only by verification with the results of Monte Carlo calculations. However, in the past, exacting experimental work has been performed in the field for gamma skyshine, notably the benchmark work in 1981 by Shultis and co-workers, which considered not just the open source case but also the effects of placing a concrete roof above the source enclosure. The latter case is a better reflection of reality as safety considerations nearly always require the source to be shielded in some way, usually by substantial walls but by a thinner roof. One of the tools developed since that time, which can both calculate skyshine radiation and accurately model the geometrical set-up of an experiment, is the code RANKERN, which is used by Framatome ANP and other organisations for general shielding design work. The following description concerns the use of this code to re-address the experimental results from 1981. This then provides a realistic gauge to validate, but also to set limits on, the program for future gamma skyshine applications within the applicable licensing procedures for all users of the code. PMID:16604694

Terry, Ian R

2005-01-01

328

The Relationship of Error Rate and Comprehension in Second and Third Grade Oral Reading Fluency  

PubMed Central

This study explored the relationships of oral reading speed and error rate on comprehension with second and third grade students with identified reading risk. The study included 920 2nd graders and 974 3rd graders. Participants were assessed using Dynamic Indicators of Basic Early Literacy Skills (DIBELS) and the Woodcock Reading Mastery Test (WRMT) Passage Comprehension subtest. Results from this study further illuminate the significant relationships between error rate, oral reading fluency, and reading comprehension performance, and grade-specific guidelines for appropriate error rate levels. Low oral reading fluency and high error rates predict the level of passage comprehension performance. For second grade students below benchmark, a fall assessment error rate of 28% predicts that student comprehension performance will be below average. For third grade students below benchmark, the fall assessment cut point is 14%. Instructional implications of the findings are discussed.

Abbott, Mary; Wills, Howard; Miller, Angela; Kaufman, Journ

2013-01-01

329

Consortium benchmarking: Collaborative academic–practitioner case study research  

Microsoft Academic Search

Consortium benchmarking is a scholar–practitioner collaborative case study approach joining rigor and relevance in management research. In consortium benchmarking practitioners and academic researchers form a consortium and together benchmark best-practices. Consortium benchmarking includes practitioners as co-researchers, facilitating research relevant for both academics and practitioners. Rigorous research informs the entire process since consortium benchmarking collects evidence from multiple sources and uses

Holger Schiele; Stefan Krummaker

2011-01-01

330

VENUS-2 Experimental Benchmark Analysis  

SciTech Connect

The VENUS critical facility is a zero power reactor located at SCK-CEN, Mol, Belgium, which for the VENUS-2 experiment utilized a mixed-oxide core with near-weapons-grade plutonium. In addition to the VENUS-2 Core, additional computational variants based on each type of fuel cycle VENUS-2 core (3.3 wt. % UO{sub 2}, 4.0 wt. % UO{sub 2}, and 2.0/2.7 wt.% MOX) were also calculated. The VENUS-2 critical configuration and cell variants have been calculated with MCU-REA, which is a continuous energy Monte Carlo code system developed at Russian Research Center ''Kurchatov Institute'' and is used extensively in the Fissile Materials Disposition Program. The calculations resulted in a k{sub eff} of 0.99652 {+-} 0.00025 and relative pin powers within 2% for UO{sub 2} pins and 3% for MOX pins of the experimental values.

Pavlovichev, A.M.

2001-09-28

331

Benchmark 2 - Springback of a draw / re-draw panel: Part C: Benchmark analysis  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Benchmark analysis is summarized for DP600 and AA 5182-O. Nine simulation results submitted for this benchmark study are compared to the physical measurement results. The details on the codes, friction parameters, mesh technology, CPU, and material models are also summarized at the end of this report with the participant information details.

Carsley, John E.; Xia, Cedric; Yang, Lianxiang; Stoughton, Thomas B.; Xu, Siguang; Hartfield-Wünsch, Susan E.; Li, Jingjing

2013-12-01

332

A benchmark server using high resolution protein structure data, and benchmark results for membrane helix predictions  

PubMed Central

Background Helical membrane proteins are vital for the interaction of cells with their environment. Predicting the location of membrane helices in protein amino acid sequences provides substantial understanding of their structure and function and identifies membrane proteins in sequenced genomes. Currently there is no comprehensive benchmark tool for evaluating prediction methods, and there is no publication comparing all available prediction tools. Current benchmark literature is outdated, as recently determined membrane protein structures are not included. Current literature is also limited to global assessments, as specialised benchmarks for predicting specific classes of membrane proteins were not previously carried out. Description We present a benchmark server at http://sydney.edu.au/pharmacy/sbio/software/TMH_benchmark.shtml that uses recent high resolution protein structural data to provide a comprehensive assessment of the accuracy of existing membrane helix prediction methods. The server further allows a user to compare uploaded predictions generated by novel methods, permitting the comparison of these novel methods against all existing methods compared by the server. Benchmark metrics include sensitivity and specificity of predictions for membrane helix location and orientation, and many others. The server allows for customised evaluations such as assessing prediction method performances for specific helical membrane protein subtypes. We report results for custom benchmarks which illustrate how the server may be used for specialised benchmarks. Which prediction method is the best performing method depends on which measure is being benchmarked. The OCTOPUS membrane helix prediction method is consistently one of the highest performing methods across all measures in the benchmarks that we performed. Conclusions The benchmark server allows general and specialised assessment of existing and novel membrane helix prediction methods. Users can employ this benchmark server to determine the most suitable method for the type of prediction the user needs to perform, be it general whole-genome annotation or the prediction of specific types of helical membrane protein. Creators of novel prediction methods can use this benchmark server to evaluate the performance of their new methods. The benchmark server will be a valuable tool for researchers seeking to extract more sophisticated information from the large and growing protein sequence databases.

2013-01-01

333

Action-Oriented Benchmarking: Using the CEUS Database to Benchmark Commercial Buildings in California  

SciTech Connect

The 2006 Commercial End Use Survey (CEUS) database developed by the California Energy Commission is a far richer source of energy end-use data for non-residential buildings than has previously been available and opens the possibility of creating new and more powerful energy benchmarking processes and tools. In this article--Part 2 of a two-part series--we describe the methodology and selected results from an action-oriented benchmarking approach using the new CEUS database. This approach goes beyond whole-building energy benchmarking to more advanced end-use and component-level benchmarking that enables users to identify and prioritize specific energy efficiency opportunities - an improvement on benchmarking tools typically in use today.

Mathew, Paul; Mills, Evan; Bourassa, Norman; Brook, Martha

2008-02-01

334

Graded Brauer Tree Algebras  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we construct non-negative gradings on a basic Brauer tree algebra $A_{\\\\Gamma}$ corresponding to an arbitrary Brauer tree $\\\\Gamma$ of type $(m,e)$. We do this by transferring gradings via derived equivalence from a basic Brauer tree algebra $A_S$, whose tree is a star with the exceptional vertex in the middle, to $A_{\\\\Gamma}$. The grading on $A_S$ comes from

Dusko Bogdanic

2008-01-01

335

Strong quantitative benchmarking of quantum optical devices  

SciTech Connect

Quantum communication devices, such as quantum repeaters, quantum memories, or quantum channels, are unavoidably exposed to imperfections. However, the presence of imperfections can be tolerated, as long as we can verify that such devices retain their quantum advantages. Benchmarks based on witnessing entanglement have proven useful for verifying the true quantum nature of these devices. The next challenge is to characterize how strongly a device is within the quantum domain. We present a method, based on entanglement measures and rigorous state truncation, which allows us to characterize the degree of quantumness of optical devices. This method serves as a quantitative extension to a large class of previously known quantum benchmarks, requiring no additional information beyond what is already used for the nonquantitative benchmarks.

Killoran, N.; Luetkenhaus, N. [Institute for Quantum Computing and Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, N2L 3G1 (Canada)

2011-05-15

336

On 3D object retrieval benchmarking  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The continuous evolution of 3D computer graphics and the progress of 3D digitization systems resulted in a continuous increase in the available 3D content. The widespread use of 3D objects in diverse domains contributed on forming 3D object retrieval as an active research field. In order to objectively evaluate the performance of retrieval methodologies there is a need for objective benchmarking schemes. In this work, we provide a comprehensive overview of the state-of-the-art evaluation methodologies including not only the performance measures but also the corresponding benchmark datasets. Meaningful benchmark datasets are discussed while a detailed list of publicly available 3D model repositories is given organized in terms of application domains, content magnitude and data types. [Figure not available: see fulltext.

Koutsoudis, Anestis; Pratikakis, Ioannis; Chamzas, Christodoulos

2013-12-01

337

Shielding Integral Benchmark Archive and Database (SINBAD)  

SciTech Connect

The Shielding Integral Benchmark Archive and Database (SINBAD) collection of benchmarks was initiated in the early 1990 s. SINBAD is an international collaboration between the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development s Nuclear Energy Agency Data Bank (OECD/NEADB) and the Radiation Safety Information Computational Center (RSICC) at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL). SINBAD is a major attempt to compile experiments and corresponding computational models with the goal of preserving institutional knowledge and expertise that need to be handed down to future scientists. SINBAD is also a learning tool for university students and scientists who need to design experiments or gain expertise in modeling and simulation. The SINBAD database is currently divided into three categories fission, fusion, and accelerator benchmarks. Where possible, each experiment is described and analyzed using deterministic or probabilistic (Monte Carlo) radiation transport software.

Kirk, Bernadette Lugue [ORNL; Grove, Robert E [ORNL; Kodeli, I. [International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA); Sartori, Enrico [ORNL; Gulliford, J. [OECD Nuclear Energy Agency

2011-01-01

338

Investigating the limits of randomized benchmarking protocols  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this paper, we analyze the performance of randomized benchmarking protocols on gate sets under a variety of realistic error models that include systematic rotations, amplitude damping, leakage to higher levels, and 1/f noise. We find that, in almost all cases, benchmarking provides better than a factor-of-2 estimate of average error rate, suggesting that randomized benchmarking protocols are a valuable tool for verification and validation of quantum operations. In addition, we derive models for fidelity decay curves under certain types of non-Markovian noise models such as 1/f and leakage errors. We also show that, provided the standard error of the fidelity measurements is small, only a small number of trials are required for high-confidence estimation of gate errors.

Epstein, Jeffrey M.; Cross, Andrew W.; Magesan, Easwar; Gambetta, Jay M.

2014-06-01

339

Benchmarking Image Matching for Surface Description  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Semi Global Matching algorithms have encompassed a renaissance to process stereoscopic data sets for surface reconstructions. This method is capable to provide very dense point clouds with sampling distances close to the Ground Sampling Resolution (GSD) of aerial images. EuroSDR, the pan-European organization of Spatial Data Research has initiated a benchmark for dense image matching. The expected outcomes of this benchmark are assessments for suitability, quality measures for dense surface reconstructions and run-time aspects. In particular, aerial image blocks of two sites covering two types of landscapes (urban and rural) are analysed. The benchmark' participants provide their results with respect to several criteria. As a follow-up an overall evaluation is given. Finally, point clouds of rural and urban surfaces delivered by very dense image matching algorithms and software packages are presented and results are compared.

Haala, Norbert; Stößel, Wolfgang; Gruber, Michael; Pfeifer, Norbert; Fritsch, Dieter

2013-04-01

340

NAS Parallel Benchmarks, Multi-Zone Versions  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

We describe an extension of the NAS Parallel Benchmarks (NPB) suite that involves solving the application benchmarks LU, BT and SP on collections of loosely coupled discretization meshes. The solutions on the meshes are updated independently, but after each time step they exchange boundary value information. This strategy, which is common among structured-mesh production flow solver codes in use at NASA Ames and elsewhere, provides relatively easily exploitable coarse-grain parallelism between meshes. Since the individual application benchmarks also allow fine-grain parallelism themselves, this NPB extension, named NPB Multi-Zone (NPB-MZ), is a good candidate for testing hybrid and multi-level parallelization tools and strategies.

vanderWijngaart, Rob F.; Haopiang, Jin

2003-01-01

341

VENUS-2 MOX Core Benchmark: Results of ORNL Calculations Using HELIOS-1.4 - Revised Report  

SciTech Connect

The Task Force on Reactor-Based Plutonium Disposition (TFRPD) was formed by the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development/Nuclear Energy Agency (OECD/NEA) to study reactor physics, fuel performance, and fuel cycle issues related to the disposition of weapons-grade (WG) plutonium as mixed-oxide (MOX) reactor fuel. To advance the goals of the TFRPD, 10 countries and 12 institutions participated in a major TFRPD activity: a blind benchmark study to compare code calculations to experimental data for the VENUS-2 MOX core at SCK-CEN in Mol, Belgium. At Oak Ridge National Laboratory, the HELIOS-1.4 code system was used to perform the comprehensive study of pin-cell and MOX core calculations for the VENUS-2 MOX core benchmark study.

Ellis, RJ

2001-06-01

342

Recent benchmark experiments for LWR plutonium recycle  

SciTech Connect

Large-scale mixed-oxide (MOX) use in nuclear power plants is being considered or implemented in various countries. Consequently, there is a need to develop or to improve the in-core management codes and to benchmark and validate them against experimental data. Based on 25 yr of experience, SCK-CEN and Belgonucleaire execute international programs dedicated to light water reactor (LWR) users concerned with plutonium recycle strategies. These programs (VIP, VIPO, VIPEX) have been and are executed in the VENUS, a critical facility for benchmark experiments.

Meer, K. van der; Abderrahim, H.A.; Marloye, D. [SCK/CEN, Mol (Belgium)] [and others

1997-12-01

343

Benchmark testing of {sup 233}U evaluations  

SciTech Connect

In this paper we investigate the adequacy of available {sup 233}U cross-section data (ENDF/B-VI and JENDL-3) for calculation of critical experiments. An ad hoc revised {sup 233}U evaluation is also tested and appears to give results which are improved relative to those obtained with either ENDF/B-VI or JENDL-3 cross sections. Calculations of k{sub eff} were performed for ten fast benchmarks and six thermal benchmarks using the three cross-section sets. Central reaction-rate-ratio calculations were also performed.

Wright, R.Q.; Leal, L.C.

1997-07-01

344

COVE 2A benchmarking calculations using LLUVIA  

SciTech Connect

Benchmarking calculations using the code LLUVIA have been performed in support of the code verification activity (COVE 2A) for the Yucca Mountain Project (YMP). LLUVIA is a program designed for the efficient solution of one-dimensional, steady flow through multiple layers of saturated or partially saturated, fractured, porous media. The benchmarking calculations involve six steady-state and six time-dependent infiltration problems. For the time-dependent analyses, LLUVIA reported only the final steady-state results. This report documents preliminary calculations, resulting code modifications and final calculations for the COVE 2A study. 7 refs., 79 figs., 3 tabs.

Hopkins, P.L.

1990-07-01

345

Graded Readers and Vocabulary.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines the potential for vocabulary learning using a corpus of 42 grade readers from one series of graded readers (seven at each of six levels in the series). It was found that in order to have 95% coverage of the running words at a level in the series, it was necessary to already know the vocabulary of the current level in the scheme.…

Nation, Paul; Ming-Tzu, Karen Wang

1999-01-01

346

Third Grade Reading Policies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 2012, 14 states passed legislation geared toward improving 3rd-grade literacy through identification, intervention, and/or retention initiatives. Today, a total of 32 states and the District of Columbia have policies in statute aimed at improving 3rd-grade reading proficiency. The majority of these states require early assessment and…

Rose, Stephanie

2012-01-01

347

Grading to Communicate  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

High school teacher and instructional coach Tony Winger laments how traditional classroom grading practices lead to grades becoming a distraction from learning--a commodity students feel they work the system to attain--rather than a clear message to students and parents. Teachers' passion for their subjects is too often met with students'…

Winger, Tony

2005-01-01

348

Making Grading Work.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Two teachers have developed a procedure for grading student compositions that seems fairer to both them and their students. The students are given a choice of which papers they wish to submit for grading, and when they do submit work, the papers are identified by a number only (chosen by the student and indexed in a class card file). Each teacher…

Lotto, Edward; Smith, Bruce

349

Egg-Grading Manual.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This manual is an aid in teaching both beginning and experienced egg graders the correct interpretation and application of the U.S. standards, grades, and weight classes for eggs. It can serve as a guide in short courses or grading schools when supplement...

2000-01-01

350

Grading Exceptional Learners  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Teachers often grapple with the challenge of giving report card grades to students with learning disabilities and English language learners. The authors offer a five-step model that "offers a fair, accurate, and legal way to adapt the grading process for exceptional learners." The model begins with a high-quality reporting system for all students…

Jung, Lee Ann; Guskey, Thomas R.

2010-01-01

351

Are Math Grades Cyclical?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The cyclical nature of mathematics grades was studied for a cohort of elementary school students from a large metropolitan school district in Texas over six years (average cohort size of 8495). The study used an autoregressive integrated moving average (ARIMA) model. Results indicate that grades do exhibit a significant cyclical pattern. (SLD)

Adams, Gerald J.; Dial, Micah

1998-01-01

352

Overview of TPC Benchmark E: The Next Generation of OLTP Benchmarks  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Set to replace the aging TPC-C, the TPC Benchmark E is the next generation OLTP benchmark, which more accurately models client database usage. TPC-E addresses the shortcomings of TPC-C. It has a much more complex workload, requires the use of RAID-protected storage, generates much less I/O, and is much cheaper and easier to set up, run, and audit. After a period of overlap, it is expected that TPC-E will become the de facto OLTP benchmark.

Hogan, Trish

353

10th Annual Schering Symposium. Adolescence: The Transition Years. Presented at the 55th Annual Convention of the American School Health Association. Friday, October 16, 1981. Washington, D.C.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Three papers presented at American School Health Association Conference (1981) addressed: adolescent problem behavior and developmental transitions (Richard Jessor); social adaptation in the first grade and its predictive value for teenage drug use (Sheppard G. Kellam, C. Hendricks Brown, and John P. Fleming); and designing health promotion…

Coates, Thomas J.; And Others

1982-01-01

354

Paperless Grades and Faculty Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Provides overview of process of switching from paper-based grade reporting to computer-based grading. Authors found that paperless grading decreased number of errors, made student access more immediate, and reduced costs incurred by purchasing and storing grade-scanning sheets. Authors also argue that direct entry grading encourages faculty to…

Hardy, James C.; Jones, Dennis; Turner, Sandy

2003-01-01

355

Five Obstacles to Grading Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Educators seeking to reform grading must combat five long-held traditions that stand as formidable obstacles to change: (1) Grades should provide the basis for differentiating students; (2) grade distributions should resemble a bell-shaped curve; (3) grades should be based on students' standing among classmates; (4) poor grades prompt students to…

Guskey, Thomas R.

2011-01-01

356

40 CFR 141.172 - Disinfection profiling and benchmarking.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Disinfection profiling and benchmarking. 141...REGULATIONS Enhanced Filtration and Disinfection-Systems Serving 10,000 or More People § 141.172 Disinfection profiling and benchmarking....

2010-07-01

357

40 CFR 141.172 - Disinfection profiling and benchmarking.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Disinfection profiling and benchmarking. 141...REGULATIONS Enhanced Filtration and Disinfection-Systems Serving 10,000 or More People § 141.172 Disinfection profiling and benchmarking....

2013-07-01

358

Identification of Possible Discrepancies in HEU Metal Benchmarks  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The experiment from which benchmark specifications of "Lady Godiva" were derived consisted of nested hemispheres forming a bare sphere of highly enriched uranium (HEU). That experiment was performed in the early 1950s and the critical configuration was later (1995) evaluated and published in the International Handbook of Evaluated Criticality Safety Benchmark Experiments. The benchmark eigenvalue is reported as 1.000 ± 0.001, which is representative of a high-quality benchmark experiment. Our current neutronic codes and cross section data are tailored to provide qualitative results that concur with the GODIVA I benchmark. Since 1995, additional high-fidelity HEU metal benchmark data have been evaluated and published. Calculated results from many of those benchmarks are consistently low. While there is generally good agreement between calculated and benchmark eigenvalues for spherical and slab geometries, cylindrical configurations tend to calculate low.

Bess, J. D.; Briggs, J. B.; Marshall, M. A.

2014-04-01

359

Using Benchmarking To Influence Tuition and Fee Decisions.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the use of benchmarking in managing enrollment. Using a case study, illustrates how benchmarking can help administrators develop strategies for planning and implementing admissions and pricing practices. (EV)

Hubbell, Loren W. Loomis; Massa, Robert J.; Lapovsky, Lucie

2002-01-01

360

Effective Communication and File-I/O Bandwidth Benchmarks.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

We describe the design and MPI implementation of two benchmarks created to characterize the balanced system performance of high-performance clusters and supercomputers: b-eff, the cornmunication-specific benchmark examines the parallel message passing per...

R. Rabenseifner A. E. Koniges

2001-01-01

361

29 CFR 1952.263 - Compliance staffing benchmarks.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 false Compliance staffing benchmarks. 1952.263 Section 1952.263... § 1952.263 Compliance staffing benchmarks. Under the terms of the 1978 Court...Marshall, compliance staffing levels (âbenchmarksâ) necessary for a âfully...

2013-07-01

362

29 CFR 1952.363 - Compliance staffing benchmarks.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 false Compliance staffing benchmarks. 1952.363 Section 1952.363... § 1952.363 Compliance staffing benchmarks. Under the terms of the 1978 Court...Marshall, compliance staffing levels (âbenchmarksâ) necessary for a âfully...

2013-07-01

363

29 CFR 1952.153 - Compliance staffing benchmarks.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 false Compliance staffing benchmarks. 1952.153 Section 1952.153... § 1952.153 Compliance staffing benchmarks. Under the terms of the 1978 Court...Marshall, compliance staffing levels (âbenchmarksâ) necessary for a âfully...

2013-07-01

364

29 CFR 1952.103 - Compliance staffing benchmarks.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 false Compliance staffing benchmarks. 1952.103 Section 1952.103... § 1952.103 Compliance staffing benchmarks. Under the terms of the 1978 Court...Marshall, compliance staffing levels (âbenchmarksâ) necessary for a âfully...

2013-07-01

365

Consolidator's Report for the SPERT-III Benchmark.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The SPERT-III reactor facility historical documentation was assembled into a Benchmark Specification. Recommendations were made in that specification as to which tests would be of most interest for analysis. This Benchmark Specification was used by analys...

A. Olson

2013-01-01

366

The Impact Hydrocode Benchmark and Validation Project: Initial Results  

Microsoft Academic Search

This work presents initial results of a validation and benchmarking effort from the impact cratering and explosion community. Several impact codes routinely used to model impact and explosion events are being compared using simple benchmark tests.

E. Pierazzo; N. Artemieva; E. Asphaug; J. Cazamias; R. Coker; G. S. Collins; G. Gisler; K. A. Holsapple; K. R. Housen; B. Ivanov; C. Johnson; D. G. Korycansky; H. J. Melosh; E. A. Taylor; E. P. Turtle; K. Wünnemann

2007-01-01

367

MHEC Survey Establishes Midwest Property Insurance Benchmarks.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication presents the results of a survey of over 200 midwestern colleges and universities on their property insurance programs and establishes benchmarks to help these institutions evaluate their insurance programs. Findings included the following: (1) 51 percent of respondents currently purchase their property insurance as part of a…

Midwestern Higher Education Commission Risk Management Institute Research Bulletin, 1994

1994-01-01

368

Dynamic benchmarking methodology for quality function deployment  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to provide a methodology to integrate both the dynamics of competitors' performance and the dynamics of customer preference, along with their interaction, into a quality function deployment (QFD) analysis. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – A systematic dynamic benchmarking methodology is proposed with an illustrative example. Findings – The analytic hierarchy process's (AHP's) relative measurement might

Hendry Raharjo; Kah Hin Chai; Min Xie; Aarnout C. Brombacher

2010-01-01

369

Cleanroom Energy Efficiency: Metrics and Benchmarks  

SciTech Connect

Cleanrooms are among the most energy-intensive types of facilities. This is primarily due to the cleanliness requirements that result in high airflow rates and system static pressures, as well as process requirements that result in high cooling loads. Various studies have shown that there is a wide range of cleanroom energy efficiencies and that facility managers may not be aware of how energy efficient their cleanroom facility can be relative to other cleanroom facilities with the same cleanliness requirements. Metrics and benchmarks are an effective way to compare one facility to another and to track the performance of a given facility over time. This article presents the key metrics and benchmarks that facility managers can use to assess, track, and manage their cleanroom energy efficiency or to set energy efficiency targets for new construction. These include system-level metrics such as air change rates, air handling W/cfm, and filter pressure drops. Operational data are presented from over 20 different cleanrooms that were benchmarked with these metrics and that are part of the cleanroom benchmark dataset maintained by Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL). Overall production efficiency metrics for cleanrooms in 28 semiconductor manufacturing facilities in the United States and recorded in the Fabs21 database are also presented.

International SEMATECH Manufacturing Initiative; Mathew, Paul A.; Tschudi, William; Sartor, Dale; Beasley, James

2010-07-07

370

Benchmark Studies & Reports in Adult Literacy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication reviews and summarizes the findings of the major benchmark studies and reports in adult literacy--beginning with the University of Texas' Adult Performance Level Study of 1977 and continuing through the 2006 NAAL survey results, A First Look at the Literacy of America's Adults in the 21st Century.

Council for Advancement of Adult Literacy (NJ1), 2006

2006-01-01

371

Generation of synthetic sequential benchmark circuits  

Microsoft Academic Search

Programmable logic architectures increase in capacity before commercial circuits are designed for them, yielding a distinct problem for FPGA vendors: how to test and evaluate the effectiveness of new architectures and software. Benchmark circuits arc a precious commodity, and often cannot be found at the correct granularity, or in the desired quantity. In previous work, we have defined important physical

Michael D. Hutton; Jonathan Rose; Derek G. Corneil

1997-01-01

372

Automatic generation of synthetic sequential benchmark circuits  

Microsoft Academic Search

The design of programmable logic architectures and supporting computer-aided design tools fundamentally requires both a good understanding of the combinatorial nature of netlist graphs and sufficient quantities of realistic examples to evaluate or benchmark the results. In this paper, the authors investigate these two issues. They introduce an abstract model for describing sequential circuits and a collection of statistical parameters

Michael D. Hutton; Jonathan S. Rose; Derek G. Corneil

2002-01-01

373

Benchmarking metrics used in UK facilities management  

Microsoft Academic Search

This is the second of two papers looking at the use of benchmarking in the UK (the preceding paper appeared in the previous issue of Facilities). It looks specifically at the types of metric used to assess facility performance. The study is based on a survey of 25 of the top 100 UK organisations.

Keith Massheder; Edward Finch

1998-01-01

374

Customer-focused benchmarking for facilities management  

Microsoft Academic Search

Documents a research project which investigated the use of benchmarking in managing facilities. The research focused on a variety of sectors including health, education, hotels, defence and government enterprises. Depicts a fragmented facilities management profession that has an introspective, crude and unimaginative approach to measuring facilities performance. This arises from a poor understanding of the relationship between facilities and the

M. Loosemore; Y. Y. Hsin

2001-01-01

375

Benchmarking facility management: applying analytic hierarchy process  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper illustrates the theoretical framework of applying the analytic hierarchy process (AHP) when benchmarking facility management service provider performance. A case study is presented to demonstrate the structure and organization of the model. The case study also illustrates how AHP is particularly effective for handling performance measures that involves multi-attribute multivariate qualitative and quantitative data. The paper concludes by

John D. Gilleard; Philip Wong Yat-lung

2004-01-01

376

Benchmarking and performance management in clinical pharmacy  

Microsoft Academic Search

The article features a study based on postal questionnaires and structured interviews, targeting senior members of the hospital pharmacy profession. The aim was to examine the potential of practice and performance benchmarking as a means of improving competence and capabilities within the clinical pharmacy service of NHS Trust hospitals. Postulation of models and analysis of data is followed by discussion

Alan Fowler; David Campbell

2001-01-01

377

Benchmark West Texas Intermediate crude assayed  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper gives an assay of West Texas Intermediate, one of the world's market crudes. The price of this crude, known as WTI, is followed by market analysts, investors, traders, and industry managers around the world. WTI price is used as a benchmark for pricing all other US crude oils. The 41[degree] API < 0.34 wt % sulfur crude is

1994-01-01

378

Canadian Language Benchmarks 2000: Theoretical Framework.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document provides indepth study and support of the "Canadian Language Benchmarks 2000" (CLB 2000). In order to make the CLB 2000 usable, the competencies and standards were considerably compressed and simplified, and much of the indepth discussion of language ability or proficiency was omitted, at publication. This document includes: (1)…

Pawlikowska-Smith, Grazyna

379

Benchmarking in Universities: League Tables Revisited  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines the practice of benchmarking universities using a "league table" approach. Taking the example of the "Sunday Times University League Table", the author reanalyses the descriptive data on UK universities. Using a linear programming technique, data envelope analysis (DEA), the author uses the re-analysis to demonstrate the major…

Turner, David

2005-01-01

380

The National Community College Benchmark Project  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The National Community College Benchmark Project (NCCBP) provides community colleges with a system to report data on key learning outcomes and indicators of institutional effectiveness and to compare their data with national norms and data from selected peer institutions. This chapter describes the development, current features, and anticipated…

Juhnke, Ralph

2006-01-01

381

Benchmark simulations of ICRF antenna coupling  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper reports on ongoing benchmark numerical simulations of antenna input impedance parameters in the ion cyclotron range of frequencies with different coupling codes: CST Microwave Studio, TOPICA and ANTITER 2. In particular we study the validity of the approximation of a magnetized plasma slab by a dielectric medium of suitably chosen permittivity. Different antenna models are considered: a single-strap

F. Louche; P. U. Lamalle; A. M. Messiaen; B. van Compernolle; D. Milanesio; R. Maggiora

2007-01-01

382

2010 Recruiting Benchmarks Survey. Research Brief  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The National Association of Colleges and Employers conducted its annual survey of employer members from June 15, 2010 to August 15, 2010, to benchmark data relevant to college recruiting. From a base of 861 employers holding organizational membership, there were 268 responses for a response rate of 31 percent. Following are some of the major…

National Association of Colleges and Employers (NJ1), 2010

2010-01-01

383

Robot Competitions Ideal Benchmarks for Robotics Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, I argue for the use of robotic competitions as benchmarks for robotics research. By providing a common task to be solved at a specific place and a specific time, competitions avoid some of the difficulties arising when evalu- ating robotics research in the own lab. Competitions also bring together multiple research groups working on the same problem.

Sven Behnke

384

Benchmarking: a process basis for teaching design  

Microsoft Academic Search

Benchmarking is a tool that has been employed for many years to search for `best practices' in, for example, business operations, customer relations, product design and manufacturing. To our knowledge, its application to the process of teaching design, in a university setting, is novel. As part of the Manufacturing Engineering Education Partnership (MEEP) we have restructured the way we teach

J. L. Fridley; J. E. Jorgensen; J. S. Lamancusa

1997-01-01

385

Benchmark Problems for Spacecraft Formation Flying Missions  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

To provide high-level focus to distributed space system flight dynamics and control research, several benchmark problems are suggested. These problems are not specific to any current or proposed mission, but instead are intended to capture high-level features that would be generic to many similar missions.

Carpenter, J. Russell; Leitner, Jesse A.; Burns, Richard D.; Folta, David C.

2003-01-01

386

Benchmarking Spatial Joins À La Carte  

Microsoft Academic Search

Spatial joins are join operations that involve spatial data types and operators. Spatial access methods are often used to speed up the computation of spatial joins. This paper ad- dresses the issue of benchmarking spatial join operations. For this purpose, we first present a WWW-based bench- mark generator to produce sets of rectangles. Using a Web browser, experimenters can specify

Oliver Günther; Vincent Oria; Philippe Picouet; Jean-marc Saglio; Michel Scholl

1998-01-01

387

Benchmarking image fusion system design parameters  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A clear and absolute method for discriminating between image fusion algorithm performances is presented. This method can effectively be used to assist in the design and modeling of image fusion systems. Specifically, it is postulated that quantifying human task performance using image fusion should be benchmarked to whether the fusion algorithm, at a minimum, retained the performance benefit achievable by each independent spectral band being fused. The established benchmark would then clearly represent the threshold that a fusion system should surpass to be considered beneficial to a particular task. A genetic algorithm is employed to characterize the fused system parameters using a Matlab® implementation of NVThermIP as the objective function. By setting the problem up as a mixed-integer constraint optimization problem, one can effectively look backwards through the image acquisition process: optimizing fused system parameters by minimizing the difference between modeled task difficulty measure and the benchmark task difficulty measure. The results of an identification perception experiment are presented, where human observers were asked to identify a standard set of military targets, and used to demonstrate the effectiveness of the benchmarking process.

Howell, Christopher L.

2013-06-01

388

Why and how to benchmark XML databases  

Microsoft Academic Search

Benchmarks belong to the very standard repertory of tools deployed in database development. Assessing the capabilities of a system, analyzing actual and potential bottlenecks, and, naturally, comparing the pros and cons of different systems architectures have become indispensable tasks as databases management systems grow in complexity and capacity. In the course of the development of XML databases the need for

Albrecht Schmidt; Florian Waas; Martin L. Kersten; Daniela Florescu; Michael J. Carey; Ioana Manolescu; Ralph Busse

2001-01-01

389

IOBENCH: a system independent IO benchmark  

Microsoft Academic Search

IOBENCH is an operating system and processor independent synthetic input\\/output (IO) benchmark designed to put a configurable IO and processor (CP) load on the system under test. It is meant to stress the system under test in a manner consistent with the way in which Oracle, Ingres, Prime INFORMATION or other data management products do IO. The IO and CP

B. Wolman; T. M. Olson

1989-01-01

390

Benchmarking boiler tube failures - Part 1  

Microsoft Academic Search

Boiler tube failures continue to be the leading cause of downtime for steam power plants. That should not be a surprise; a typical steam generator has miles of tubes that operate at high temperatures and pressures. Are your experiences comparable to those of your peers? Could you learn something from tube-leak benchmarking data that could improve the operation of your

J. Patrick; R. Oldani; D. von Behren

2005-01-01

391

Simple Benchmark for Complex Dose Finding Studies  

PubMed Central

Summary While a general goal of early phase clinical studies is to identify an acceptable dose for further investigation, modern dose finding studies and designs are highly specific to individual clinical settings. In addition, as outcome-adaptive dose finding methods often involve complex algorithms, it is crucial to have diagnostic tools to evaluate the plausibility of a method’s simulated performance and the adequacy of the algorithm. In this article, we propose a simple technique that provides an upper limit, or a benchmark, of accuracy for dose finding methods for a given design objective. The proposed benchmark is nonparametric optimal in the sense of O’Quigley, Paoletti, and Maccario (2002), and is demonstrated by examples to be a practical accuracy upper bound for model-based dose finding methods. We illustrate the implementation of the technique in the context of phase I trials that consider multiple toxicities and phase I/II trials where dosing decisions are based on both toxicity and efficacy, and apply the benchmark to several clinical examples considered in the literature. By comparing the operating characteristics of a dose finding method to that of the benchmark, we can form quick initial assessments of whether the method is adequately calibrated and evaluate its sensitivity to the dose-outcome relationships.

Cheung, Ying Kuen

2014-01-01

392

Benchmark Dose Modeling - Advanced Topics - 2  

EPA Science Inventory

The objectives of this full-day course are to provide participants with training on how to use the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency’s (EPA) Benchmark Dose Modeling Software (BMDS) and related software programs to facilitate advanced BMD analyses. Advanced dose-response...

393

Research on urban land grade adjustment based on digital land price model  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this research, the Digital Land Price Model was proposed to adjust the land grade based on the problem of benchmark price during rectify the land grade. Chose the reasonable interpolation method and then make grid treatment, the three-dimension land price model was obtained using the bargaining land price, which supported by the Arcview GIS. The model provided the structure of land price. The price of each unit was calculated after interpolation, and then the map of the land grade was estimated that compared with the original to make adjust.

Zhang, Ming; Zhou, Shi-Jian; Guan, Yunlan

2009-10-01

394

Benchmarking optimization software with performance profiles.  

SciTech Connect

The benchmarking of optimization software has recently gained considerable visibility. Hans Mittlemann's work on a variety of optimization software has frequently uncovered deficiencies in the software and has generally led to software improvements. Although Mittelmann's efforts have gained the most notice, other researchers have been concerned with the evaluation and performance of optimization codes. Recent examples are cited. The interpretation and analysis of the data generated by the benchmarking process are the main technical issues addressed in this paper. Most benchmarking efforts involve tables displaying the performance of each solver on each problem for a set of metrics such as CPU time, number of function evaluations, or iteration counts for algorithms where an iteration implies a comparable amount of work. Failure to display such tables for a small test set would be a gross omission, but they tend to be overwhelming for large test sets. In all cases, the interpretation of the results from these tables is often a source of disagreement. The quantities of data that result from benchmarking with large test sets have spurred researchers to try various tools for analyzing the data. The solver's average or cumulative total for each performance metric over all problems is sometimes used to evaluate performance. As a result, a small number of the most difficult problems can tend to dominate these results, and researchers must take pains to give additional information. In this paper, the authors propose performance profiles -- distribution functions for a performance metric -- as a tool for benchmarking and comparing optimization software. They show that performance profiles combine the best features of other tools for performance evaluation.

Dolan, E. D.; More, J. J.; Mathematics and Computer Science

2002-01-01

395

Finding a benchmark for monitoring hospital cleanliness.  

PubMed

This study evaluated three methods for monitoring hospital cleanliness. The aim was to find a benchmark that could indicate risk to patients from a contaminated environment. We performed visual monitoring, ATP bioluminescence and microbiological screening of five clinical surfaces before and after detergent-based cleaning on two wards over a four-week period. Five additional sites that were not featured in the routine domestic specification were also sampled. Measurements from all three methods were integrated and compared in order to choose appropriate levels for routine monitoring. We found that visual assessment did not reflect ATP values nor environmental contamination with microbial flora including Staphylococcus aureus and meticillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA). There was a relationship between microbial growth categories and the proportion of ATP values exceeding a chosen benchmark but neither reliably predicted the presence of S. aureus or MRSA. ATP values were occasionally diverse. Detergent-based cleaning reduced levels of organic soil by 32% (95% confidence interval: 16-44%; P<0.001) but did not necessarily eliminate indicator staphylococci, some of which survived the cleaning process. An ATP benchmark value of 100 relative light units offered the closest correlation with microbial growth levels <2.5 cfu/cm(2) (receiver operating characteristic ROC curve sensitivity: 57%; specificity: 57%). In conclusion, microbiological and ATP monitoring confirmed environmental contamination, persistence of hospital pathogens and measured the effect on the environment from current cleaning practices. This study has provided provisional benchmarks to assist with future assessment of hospital cleanliness. Further work is required to refine practical sampling strategy and choice of benchmarks. PMID:21129820

Mulvey, D; Redding, P; Robertson, C; Woodall, C; Kingsmore, P; Bedwell, D; Dancer, S J

2011-01-01

396

Nebraska Science Standards: Grades K-12  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication presents the Nebraska Science Standards for Grades K-12. The standards are presented according to the following grades: (1) Grades K-2; (2) Grades 3-5; (3) Grades 6-8; and (4) Grades 9-12.

Nebraska Department of Education, 2010

2010-01-01

397

Physical Properties of Normal Grade Biodiesel and Winter Grade Biodiesel  

PubMed Central

In this study, optical and thermal properties of normal grade and winter grade palm oil biodiesel were investigated. Surface Plasmon Resonance and Photopyroelectric technique were used to evaluate the samples. The dispersion curve and thermal diffusivity were obtained. Consequently, the variation of refractive index, as a function of wavelength in normal grade biodiesel is faster than winter grade palm oil biodiesel, and the thermal diffusivity of winter grade biodiesel is higher than the thermal diffusivity of normal grade biodiesel. This is attributed to the higher palmitic acid C16:0 content in normal grade than in winter grade palm oil biodiesel.

Sadrolhosseini, Amir Reza; Moksin, Mohd Maarof; Nang, Harrison Lau Lik; Norozi, Monir; Yunus, W. Mahmood Mat; Zakaria, Azmi

2011-01-01

398

Toxicological benchmarks for screening potential contaminants of concern for effects on aquatic biota: 1994 Revision.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report presents potential screening benchmarks for protection of aquatic life from contaminants in water. Because there is no guidance for screening benchmarks, a set of alternative benchmarks is presented herein. The alternative benchmarks are based...

G. W. Suter J. B. Mabrey

1994-01-01

399

Generating synthetic benchmark circuits for evaluating CAD tools  

Microsoft Academic Search

For the development and evaluation of CAD- tools for partitioning, floorplanning, placement, and rout- ing of digital circuits, a huge amount of benchmark circuits with suitable characteristic parameters is required. Observ- ing the lack of industrial benchmark circuits available for use in evaluation tools, one could consider to actually generate synthetic circuits. In this paper, we extend a graph-based benchmark

Dirk Stroobandt; Peter Verplaetse; Jan M. Van Campenhout

2000-01-01

400

Synthetic Benchmark Circuits for Timing-driven Physical Design Applications  

Microsoft Academic Search

For the development and evaluation of new al- gorithms, architectures and technologies, a huge amount of benchmark circuits with suitable characteristic parameters are required. Synthetic circuits are a viable alternative to real cir- cuits for compiling benchmark suites. A major advantage of synthetic benchmark circuits is that full control of the impor- tant parameters is provided. In this paper, an

P. Verplaetse; D. Stroobandt; J. Van Campenhout

2002-01-01

401

Evolution of synthetic RTL benchmark circuits with predefined testability  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article presents a new real-world application of evolutionary computing in the area of digital-circuits testing. A method is described which enables to evolve large synthetic RTL benchmark circuits with a predefined structure and testability. Using the proposed method, a new collection of synthetic benchmark circuits was developed. These benchmark circuits will be useful in a validation process of novel

Tomas Pecenka; Lukás Sekanina; Zdenek Kotásek

2008-01-01

402

The DARPA Dynamic Programming Benchmark on a Reconfigurable Computer  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) has released high productivity computing systems (HPCS) benchmarks as specifications of performance required to solve important problems. This work reports on the design, implementation, and benchmarking of the benchmark number two, dynamic programming (DP), as developed in a general purpose reconfigurable computer. DP methods are used to solve DNA sequencing problems. DP has

Luis E. Cordova; Duncan A. Buell; Sreesa Akella

2005-01-01

403

The added value of facilities management: benchmarking work processes  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – To provide a review of the various approaches to benchmarking and best practice facilities benchmarking techniques currently applied on the European Facilities Management Market. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – Using practical examples, the benchmarking methodologies for assessing the three main aspects of facilities service provision – i.e. process, quality and costs – are identified and discussed in the context of their

Bram Wauters

2005-01-01

404

Analytical infinite medium neutron spectrum benchmark of the MCNP code  

Microsoft Academic Search

Previous work on code benchmarks has focused on numerical comparisons to experiments or other codes. Recently, analytical benchmarks have been applied to codes that solve the Boltzmann transport equation deterministically. It is also of interest to apply these analytical benchmarks to codes that produce the solution from simulated stochastic processes (Monte Carlo). The MCNP code is a multipurpose, couple-neutral, and

C. A. Wemple; S. N. Jahshan; B. D. Ganapol

1992-01-01

405

Canadian Language Benchmarks 2000: Additional Sample Task Ideas.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document is designed to be a companion to the "Canadian Language Benchmarks 2000: Theoretical Framework." It builds on the original document with an extensive listing of additional sample task ideas for reading, listening, speaking, and writing benchmarks. The document provides additional examples of tasks for stage I reading benchmarks and…

Pawlikowska-Smith, Grazyna

406

LUBM: A benchmark for OWL knowledge base systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

We describe our method for benchmarking Semantic Web knowledge base systems with respect to use in large OWL applications. We present the Lehigh University Benchmark (LUBM) as an example of how to design such benchmarks. The LUBM features an ontology for the university domain, synthetic OWL data scalable to an arbitrary size, 14 extensional queries representing a variety of properties,

Yuanbo Guo; Zhengxiang Pan; Jeff Heflin

2005-01-01

407

Benchmarking: a process-driven tool for quality improvement  

Microsoft Academic Search

Suggests that successful TQM initiatives are frequently spurred by “stretch” goals created by benchmarking an organization’s performance and practices with others. Differentiates results and process-driven benchmarking. Explains how TQM and benchmarking link with the philosophy of continuous improvement

Mohamed Zairi; Rob Hutton

1995-01-01

408

Benchmarking tool for improved corporate social responsibility in purchasing  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to develop a benchmark tool that can be applied to improve corporate social responsibility (CSR) in purchasing. The tool has been tested on two companies that illustrate how the benchmarking tool can be applied. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – A literature review provides arguments for the importance of a benchmarking tool in the area of

Maria Björklund

2010-01-01

409

47 CFR 69.108 - Transport rate benchmark.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 false Transport rate benchmark. 69.108 Section 69.108 Telecommunication...Charges § 69.108 Transport rate benchmark. (a) For transport charges computed...with this subpart, the DS3-to-DS1 benchmark ratio shall be calculated as...

2013-10-01

410

45 CFR 156.100 - State selection of benchmark.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 false State selection of benchmark. 156.100 Section 156.100 Public...Package § 156.100 State selection of benchmark. Each State may identify a single EHB-benchmark plan according to the selection...

2013-10-01

411

42 CFR 422.258 - Calculation of benchmarks.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 false Calculation of benchmarks. 422.258 Section 422.258...Approval § 422.258 Calculation of benchmarks. (a) The term âMA area-specific non-drug monthly benchmark amountâ means, for a month in...

2013-10-01

412

Benchmarking DEC's MicroVAX II: Concurrent Processes,  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A benchmark of the MicroVAX II in a multiuser and multitasking environment is presented. The main objective was to use the standard benchmarks and to run these programs concurrently. At issue is not the absolute speed of running one benchmark, but rather ...

D. Ferrer

1988-01-01

413

Polymorphous Computing Architecture (PCA) Kernel-Level Benchmarks.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This document describes a series of kernel benchmarks for the PCA program. Each kernel benchmark is an operation of importance to DoD sensor applications making use of a PCA architecture. The kernel-level benchmarks have been chosen to stress both computa...

J. Lebak A. Reuther E. Wong

2004-01-01

414

The Use of Educational Standards and Benchmarks in Indicator Publications  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines the use of educational standards and benchmarks in international indicator and other relevant policy publications, particularly those originating in the UK. The authors first examine what is meant by educational standards and benchmarks and how these concepts are defined. Then, they address the use of standards and benchmarks

Thomas, Sally; Peng, Wen-Jung

2004-01-01

415

Benchmarking and credit risk management in financial services  

Microsoft Academic Search

Notes the continued popularity of benchmarking despite the falling interest in other major management “revolutions”. Further points out that benchmarking is more prevalent in the manufacturing than in the service sector. Suggests that this may be due to an attitudinal difference between the two sectors. Considers the various types of benchmarking and discusses whether some are more suitable to given

John Whymark

1998-01-01

416

Specification and implementation of dynamic Web site benchmarks  

Microsoft Academic Search

The absence of benchmarks for Web sites with dynamic content has been a major impediment to research in this area. We describe three benchmarks for evaluating the performance of Web sites with dynamic content. The benchmarks model three common types of dynamic content Web sites with widely varying application characteristics: an online bookstore, an auction site, and a bulletin board.

Cristiana Amza; Anupam Chanda; Alan L. Cox; Sameh Elnikety; Romer Gil; Karthick Rajamani; Willy Zwaenepoel; Emmanuel Cecchet; Julie Marguerite

2002-01-01

417

Unstructured Adaptive (UA) NAS Parallel Benchmark. Version 1.0  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

We present a complete specification of a new benchmark for measuring the performance of modern computer systems when solving scientific problems featuring irregular, dynamic memory accesses. It complements the existing NAS Parallel Benchmark suite. The benchmark involves the solution of a stylized heat transfer problem in a cubic domain, discretized on an adaptively refined, unstructured mesh.

Feng, Huiyu; VanderWijngaart, Rob; Biswas, Rupak; Mavriplis, Catherine

2004-01-01

418

Benchmark Status in Fixed-Income Asset Markets  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract:?What is a benchmark bond? We provide a formal theoretical treatment of this concept that relates endogenously determined benchmark status to price discovery, and we derive its implications. We describe an econometric technique for identifying the benchmark that is congruent with our theoretical framework. We apply this to the US corporate bond market and to the natural experiment that occurred

Peter G. Dunne; Michael J. Moore; Richard Portes

2007-01-01

419

"Comparison of Targeted Next-Generation Sequencing (NGOs) and Real-Time PCR in the Detection of EGR Kres and BAF Mutations on Formalin-Fixed Paraffin-Embedded Tumor Material of Non-Small Cell Lung Carcinoma-Superiority of NGOs.( Published at Genes chromosome cancer 10th October 2013)."  

EPA Pesticide Factsheets

Did you mean: "Comparison of Targeted Next-Generation Sequencing (NGOs) and Real-Time PCR in the Detection of EGR Kres and BAF Mutations on Formalin-Fixed Paraffin-Embedded Tumor Material of Non-Small Cell Lung Carcinoma-Superiority of NGOs.( Published at Genes chromosome cancer 10th October 2013)." ?

420

Rethinking Science and Technology Education To Meet the Demands of Future Generations in a Changing World. International Organization for Science and Technology Education (IOSTE) Symposium Proceedings (10th, Foz do Iguacu, Parana, Brazil, July 28-August 2, 2002). Volumes I [and] II.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document is the proceedings of the 10th annual meeting of the International Organization for Science and Technology Education (IOSTE). Papers include: (1) "Liberal Education, Information Assessment and Argumentation in Science-LIA" (Andreas Quale, Anders Isnes, Terje Kristensen, and Ketil Mathiassen); (2) "Placing the History and the…

Bizzo, Nelio, Ed.; Kawasaki, Clarice Sumi, Ed.; Ferracioli, Laercio, Ed.; Leyser da Rosa, Vivian, Ed.

421

[National medical grading].  

PubMed

A new, common system for grading medical graduates from the 6 Chilean Schools of Medicine has been agreed by consensus: the National Medical Grading. This was an evident need since up to now each school applied a different criterion to qualify its graduates; the resulting disparity in the scores with which graduates applied for the National calls in postgraduate training programs, general practice positions and the like, elicited uneasiness both among graduates and academic staff. In the new system, the final grade is calculated giving equal relative importance to the marks in licensure (60%), internships (30%) and final clinical examinations (10%). The National Medical Grading has been applied for the first time by the Ministry of Health in the 1989 call, and by the University of Chile and Catholic University's Medical Schools (call for postgraduate training programs). It is hoped that within 2 or 3 years a National Medical Examination will be designed and applied. PMID:2152236

Radrigàn, M E; Arteaga, E

1990-08-01

422

Functionally Graded Materials VII.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Functionally graded materials (FGMs) exhibit spatial variations, in composition and/or microstructure, which have been imposed for the specific purpose of controlling the resultant variations in the thermal, structural or functional properties. During the...

J. Gong L. Chen L. Zhang W. Pan

2003-01-01

423

Cross Section Evaluation Group shielding benchmark compilation. Volume II  

SciTech Connect

At the time of the release of ENDF/B-IV in 1974, the Shielding Subcommittee had identified a series of 12 shielding data testing benchmarks (the SDT series). Most were used in the ENDF/B-IV data testing effort. A new concept and series was begun in the interim, the so-called Shielding Benchmark (SB) series. An effort was made to upgrade the SDT series as far as possible and to add new SB benchmarks. In order to be designated in the SB class, both an experiment and analysis must have been performed. The current recommended benchmark for Shielding Data Testing are listed. Until recently, the philosophy has been to include only citations to published references for shielding benchmarks. It is now our intention to provide adequate information in this volume for proper analysis of any new benchmarks added to the collection. These compilations appear in Section II, with the SB5 Fusion Reactor Shielding Benchmark as the first entry.

Rose, P.F.; Roussin, R.W.

1983-12-01

424

Protein-Protein Docking Benchmark Version 3.0  

PubMed Central

We present version 3.0 of our publicly available protein-protein docking benchmark. This update includes 40 new test cases, representing a 48% increase from Benchmark 2.0. For all of the new cases, the crystal structures of both binding partners are available. As with Benchmark 2.0, SCOP1 (Structural Classification of Proteins) was used to remove redundant test cases. The 124 unbound-unbound test cases in Benchmark 3.0 are classified into 88 rigid-body cases, 19 medium difficulty cases, and 17 difficult cases, based on the degree of conformational change at the interface upon complex formation. In addition to providing the community with more test cases for evaluating docking methods, the expansion of Benchmark 3.0 will facilitate the development of new algorithms that require a large number of training examples. Benchmark 3.0 is available to the public at http://zlab.bu.edu/benchmark.

Hwang, Howook; Pierce, Brian; Mintseris, Julian; Janin, Joel; Weng, Zhiping

2009-01-01

425

Parton distribution benchmarking with LHC data  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We present a detailed comparison of the most recent sets of NNLO PDFs from the ABM, CT, HERAPDF, MSTW and NNPDF collaborations. We compare parton distributions at low and high scales and parton luminosities relevant for LHC phenomenology. We study the PDF dependence of LHC benchmark inclusive cross sections and differential distributions for electroweak boson and jet production in the cases in which the experimental covariance matrix is available. We quantify the agreement between data and theory by computing the ? 2 for each data set with all the various PDFs. PDF comparisons are performed consistently for common values of the strong coupling. We also present a benchmark comparison of jet production at the LHC, comparing the results from various available codes and scale settings. Finally, we discuss the implications of the updated NNLO PDF sets for the combined PDF+ ? s uncertainty in the gluon fusion Higgs production cross section.

Ball, Richard D.; Carrazza, Stefano; Del Debbio, Luigi; Forte, Stefano; Gao, Jun; Hartland, Nathan; Huston, Joey; Nadolsky, Pavel; Rojo, Juan; Stump, Daniel; Thorne, Robert S.; Yuan, C.-P.

2013-04-01

426

Thermodynamic benchmark study using Biacore technology.  

PubMed

A total of 22 individuals participated in this benchmark study to characterize the thermodynamics of small-molecule inhibitor-enzyme interactions using Biacore instruments. Participants were provided with reagents (the enzyme carbonic anhydrase II, which was immobilized onto the sensor surface, and four sulfonamide-based inhibitors) and were instructed to collect response data from 6 to 36 degrees C. van't Hoff enthalpies and entropies were calculated from the temperature dependence of the binding constants. The equilibrium dissociation and thermodynamic constants determined from the Biacore analysis matched the values determined using isothermal titration calorimetry. These results demonstrate that immobilization of the enzyme onto the sensor surface did not alter the thermodynamics of these interactions. This benchmark study also provides insights into the opportunities and challenges in carrying out thermodynamic studies using optical biosensors. PMID:17362870

Navratilova, Iva; Papalia, Giuseppe A; Rich, Rebecca L; Bedinger, Daniel; Brophy, Susan; Condon, Brad; Deng, Ta; Emerick, Anne W; Guan, Hann-Wen; Hayden, Tanya; Heutmekers, Thomas; Hoorelbeke, Bart; McCroskey, Mark C; Murphy, Mary M; Nakagawa, Terry; Parmeggiani, Fabio; Qin, Xiaochun; Rebe, Sabina; Tomasevic, Nenad; Tsang, Tiffany; Waddell, M Brett; Zhang, Fred Feiyu; Leavitt, Stephanie; Myszka, David G

2007-05-01

427

Benchmark West Texas Intermediate crude assayed  

SciTech Connect

The paper gives an assay of West Texas Intermediate, one of the world's market crudes. The price of this crude, known as WTI, is followed by market analysts, investors, traders, and industry managers around the world. WTI price is used as a benchmark for pricing all other US crude oils. The 41[degree] API < 0.34 wt % sulfur crude is gathered in West Texas and moved to Cushing, Okla., for distribution. The WTI posted prices is the price paid for the crude at the wellhead in West Texas and is the true benchmark on which other US crudes are priced. The spot price is the negotiated price for short-term trades of the crude. And the New York Mercantile Exchange, or Nymex, price is a futures price for barrels delivered at Cushing.

Rhodes, A.K.

1994-08-15

428

Benchmark On Sensitivity Calculation (Phase III)  

SciTech Connect

The sensitivities of the keff eigenvalue to neutron cross sections have become commonly used in similarity studies and as part of the validation algorithm for criticality safety assessments. To test calculations of the sensitivity coefficients, a benchmark study (Phase III) has been established by the OECD-NEA/WPNCS/EG UACSA (Expert Group on Uncertainty Analysis for Criticality Safety Assessment). This paper presents some sensitivity results generated by the benchmark participants using various computational tools based upon different computational methods: SCALE/TSUNAMI-3D and -1D, MONK, APOLLO2-MORET 5, DRAGON-SUSD3D and MMKKENO. The study demonstrates the performance of the tools. It also illustrates how model simplifications impact the sensitivity results and demonstrates the importance of 'implicit' (self-shielding) sensitivities. This work has been a useful step towards verification of the existing and developed sensitivity analysis methods.

Ivanova, Tatiana [IRSN; Laville, Cedric [IRSN; Dyrda, James [Atomic Weapons Establishment; Mennerdahl, Dennis [E. Mennerdahl Systems; Golovko, Yury [Institute of Physics and Power Engineering (IPPE), Obninsk, Russia; Raskach, Kirill [Institute of Physics and Power Engineering (IPPE), Obninsk, Russia; Tsiboulia, Anatoly [Institute of Physics and Power Engineering (IPPE), Obninsk, Russia; Lee, Gil Soo [Korea Institute of Nuclear Safety (KINS); Woo, Sweng-Woong [Korea Institute of Nuclear Safety (KINS); Bidaud, Adrien [Labratoire de Physique Subatomique et de Cosmolo-gie (LPSC); Patel, Amrit [NRC; Bledsoe, Keith C [ORNL; Rearden, Bradley T [ORNL; Gulliford, J. [OECD Nuclear Energy Agency

2012-01-01

429

OCTALIS benchmarking: comparison of four watermarking techniques  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this paper, benchmarking results of watermarking techniques are presented. The benchmark includes evaluation of the watermark robustness and the subjective visual image quality. Four different algorithms are compared, and exhaustively tested. One goal of these tests is to evaluate the feasibility of a Common Functional Model (CFM) developed in the European Project OCTALIS and determine parameters of this model, such as the length of one watermark. This model solves the problem of image trading over an insecure network, such as Internet, and employs hybrid watermarking. Another goal is to evaluate the resistance of the watermarking techniques when subjected to a set of attacks. Results show that the tested techniques do not have the same behavior and that no tested methods has optimal characteristics. A last conclusion is that, as for the evaluation of compression techniques, clear guidelines are necessary to evaluate and compare watermarking techniques.

Piron, Laurent; Arnold, Michael; Kutter, Martin; Funk, Wolfgang; Boucqueau, Jean M.; Craven, Fiona

1999-04-01

430

SINBAD: Shielding integral benchmark archive and database  

SciTech Connect

SINBAD is a new electronic database developed to store a variety of radiation shielding benchmark data so that users can easily retrieve and incorporate the data into their calculations. SINBAD is an excellent data source for users who require the quality assurance necessary in developing cross-section libraries or radiation transport codes. The future needs of the scientific community are best served by the electronic database format of SINBAD and its user-friendly interface, combined with its data accuracy and integrity.

Hunter, H.T.; Ingersoll, D.T.; Roussin, R.W. [and others

1996-04-01

431

Deterministic solutions for 3D Kobayashi benchmarks  

Microsoft Academic Search

We present results for the set of three-dimensional radiation transport benchmark problems with void region proposed by Kobayashi. Reference solutions for the pure absorber cases were obtained by direct quadrature. All cases were calculated by the three-dimensional discrete ordinates nodal and characteristics code IDT. The discrete ordinates results for the pure-absorber case suffer strongly from ray effects which remain present

Igor Zmijarevic; Richard Sanchez

2001-01-01

432

Measurement Analysis When Benchmarking Java Card Platforms  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The advent of the Java Card standard has been a major turning point in smart card technology. With the growing acceptance of this standard, understanding the performance behaviour of these platforms is becoming crucial. To meet this need, we present in this paper, a benchmark framework that enables performance evaluation at the bytecode level. This paper focuses on the validity of our time measurements on smart cards.

Paradinas, Pierre; Cordry, Julien; Bouzefrane, Samia

433

EXPERIMENTAL BENCHMARKING OF THE MAGNETIZED FRICTION FORCE.  

SciTech Connect

High-energy electron cooling, presently considered as essential tool for several applications in high-energy and nuclear physics, requires accurate description of the friction force. A series of measurements were performed at CELSIUS with the goal to provide accurate data needed for the benchmarking of theories and simulations. Some results of accurate comparison of experimental data with the friction force formulas are presented.

FEDOTOV, A.V.; GALNANDER, B.; LITVINENKO, V.N.; LOFNES, T.; SIDORIN, A.O.; SMIRNOV, A.V.; ZIEMANN, V.

2005-09-18

434

Optimal Quantum Control Using Randomized Benchmarking  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We present a method for optimizing quantum control in experimental systems, using a subset of randomized benchmarking measurements to rapidly infer error. This is demonstrated to improve single- and two-qubit gates, minimize gate bleedthrough, where a gate mechanism can cause errors on subsequent gates, and identify control crosstalk in superconducting qubits. This method is able to correct parameters so that control errors no longer dominate and is suitable for automated and closed-loop optimization of experimental systems.

Kelly, J.; Barends, R.; Campbell, B.; Chen, Y.; Chen, Z.; Chiaro, B.; Dunsworth, A.; Fowler, A. G.; Hoi, I.-C.; Jeffrey, E.; Megrant, A.; Mutus, J.; Neill, C.; O'Malley, P. J. J.; Quintana, C.; Roushan, P.; Sank, D.; Vainsencher, A.; Wenner, J.; White, T. C.; Cleland, A. N.; Martinis, John M.

2014-06-01

435

Benchmarking MPS for fractional quantum Hall states  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We discuss the numerical apsects of the Matrix Product State (MPS) representation for a large series of Fractional Quantum Hall states. We benchmark the MPS for several model states such as the Read-Rezayi series using both overlap, energies, densities and pair correlation functions. We discuss how accurate this description is depending on the geometry (sphere, disk or cylinder). As an application, we use the MPS to compute the size of the quasiholes for the Read-Rezayi series.

Regnault, Nicolas; Estienne, Benoit; Papic, Zlatko; Bernevig, B. Andrei

2013-03-01

436

BENCHMARKING ORTEC ISOTOPIC MEASUREMENTS AND CALCULATIONS  

Microsoft Academic Search

This report represents a description of compiled benchmark tests conducted to probe and to demonstrate the extensive utility of the Ortec ISOTOPIC -ray analysis computer program. The ISOTOPIC program performs analyses of -ray spectra applied to specific acquisition configurations in order to apply finite-geometry correction factors and sample-matrix-container photon absorption correction factors. The analysis program provides an extensive set of

R Dewberry; R Raymond Sigg; V Vito Casella; N Nitin Bhatt

2008-01-01

437

Introduction to the HPC Challenge Benchmark Suite  

SciTech Connect

The HPC Challenge benchmark suite has been released by the DARPA HPCS program to help define the performance boundaries of future Petascale computing systems. HPC Challenge is a suite of tests that examine the performance of HPC architectures using kernels with memory access patterns more challenging than those of the High Performance Linpack (HPL) benchmark used in the Top500 list. Thus, the suite is designed to augment the Top500 list, providing benchmarks that bound the performance of many real applications as a function of memory access characteristics e.g., spatial and temporal locality, and providing a framework for including additional tests. In particular, the suite is composed of several well known computational kernels (STREAM, HPL, matrix multiply--DGEMM, parallel matrix transpose--PTRANS, FFT, RandomAccess, and bandwidth/latency tests--b{sub eff}) that attempt to span high and low spatial and temporal locality space. By design, the HPC Challenge tests are scalable with the size of data sets being a function of the largest HPL matrix for the tested system.

Luszczek, Piotr; Dongarra, Jack J.; Koester, David; Rabenseifner,Rolf; Lucas, Bob; Kepner, Jeremy; McCalpin, John; Bailey, David; Takahashi, Daisuke

2005-04-25

438

Guidebook for Using the Tool BEST Cement: Benchmarking and Energy Savings Tool for the Cement Industry  

SciTech Connect

The Benchmarking and Energy Savings Tool (BEST) Cement is a process-based tool based on commercially available efficiency technologies used anywhere in the world applicable to the cement industry. This version has been designed for use in China. No actual cement facility with every single efficiency measure included in the benchmark will likely exist; however, the benchmark sets a reasonable standard by which to compare for plants striving to be the best. The energy consumption of the benchmark facility differs due to differences in processing at a given cement facility. The tool accounts for most of these variables and allows the user to adapt the model to operational variables specific for his/her cement facility. Figure 1 shows the boundaries included in a plant modeled by BEST Cement. In order to model the benchmark, i.e., the most energy efficient cement facility, so that it represents a facility similar to the user's cement facility, the user is first required to input production variables in the input sheet (see Section 6 for more information on how to input variables). These variables allow the tool to estimate a benchmark facility that is similar to the user's cement plant, giving a better picture of the potential for that particular facility, rather than benchmarking against a generic one. The input variables required include the following: (1) the amount of raw materials used in tonnes per year (limestone, gypsum, clay minerals, iron ore, blast furnace slag, fly ash, slag from other industries, natural pozzolans, limestone powder (used post-clinker stage), municipal wastes and others); the amount of raw materials that are preblended (prehomogenized and proportioned) and crushed (in tonnes per year); (2) the amount of additives that are dried and ground (in tonnes per year); (3) the production of clinker (in tonnes per year) from each kiln by kiln type; (4) the amount of raw materials, coal and clinker that is ground by mill type (in tonnes per year); (5) the amount of production of cement by type and grade (in tonnes per year); (6) the electricity generated onsite; and, (7) the energy used by fuel type; and, the amount (in RMB per year) spent on energy. The tool offers the user the opportunity to do a quick assessment or a more detailed assessment--this choice will determine the level of detail of the energy input. The detailed assessment will require energy data for each stage of production while the quick assessment will require only total energy used at the entire facility (see Section 6 for more details on quick versus detailed assessments). The benchmarking tool provides two benchmarks--one for Chinese best practices and one for international best practices. Section 2 describes the differences between these two and how each benchmark was calculated. The tool also asks for a target input by the user for the user to set goals for the facility.

Galitsky, Christina; Price, Lynn; Zhou, Nan; Fuqiu , Zhou; Huawen, Xiong; Xuemin, Zeng; Lan, Wang

2008-07-30

439

Grading Students in Inclusive Settings.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article offers guidelines for determining equitable, accountable, and effective grading practices and policies for all students that balance the need for a common set of standards and the individual needs of the students. Purposes of grading, grading systems, and effective instructional practices that support grading processes are discussed.…

Salend, Spencer J.; Duhaney, Laurel M. Garrick

2002-01-01

440

Arizona Academic Standards, Grade 6  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication contains Arizona public schools' academic standards for grade 6. The contents of this document include the following: (1) The Arts Standard 2006--Grade 6; (2) Comprehensive Health Education/Physical Activity Standards 1997--Essentials (Grades 4-8); (3) Foreign and Native Language Standards 1997--Essentials (Grades 4-8); (4)…

Arizona Department of Education, 2007

2007-01-01

441

Arizona Academic Standards, Grade 2  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication contains Arizona public schools' academic standards for grade 2. The contents of this document include the following: (1) The Arts Standard 2006--Grade 2; (2) Comprehensive Health Education/Physical Activity Standards 1997--Foundations (Grades 1-3); (3) Foreign and Native Language Standards 1997--Foundations (Grades 1-3); (4)…

Arizona Department of Education, 2007

2007-01-01

442

Arizona Academic Standards: Grade 1.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document contains the Arizona academic standards for Grade 1. The following 11 standards are reviewed: (1) The Arts Standards 1997 ? Foundations (Grades 1-3); (2) Comprehensive Health Standards 1997 ? Foundations (Grades 1-3); (3) Foreign and Native Language Standards 1997 ? Foundations (Grades 1-3); (4) Reading Standard Articulated by…

Arizona State Department of Education, 2004

2004-01-01

443

Arizona Academic Standards, Grade 3.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication contains Arizona public schools' academic standards for grade 3. The contents of this document include the following: (1) The Arts Standards, 1997--Foundations (Grades 1-3); (2) Comprehensive Health Standards, 1997--Foundations (Grades 1-3); (3) Foreign and Native Language Standards, 1997--Foundations (Grades 1-3); (4) Reading…

Arizona State Department of Education, 2004

2004-01-01

444

Arizona Academic Standards, Grade 7  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document contains the Arizona academic standards for Grade 7. The following 11 standards are reviewed: (1) The Arts Standard 2006--Grade 7; (2) Comprehensive Health Education Physical Activity Standards 1997--Essentials (Grades 4-8); (3) Foreign and Native Language Standards 1997--Essentials (Grades 4-8); (4) Reading Standard Articulated by…

Arizona Department of Education, 2007

2007-01-01

445

Arizona Academic Standards: Grade 7  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document contains the Arizona academic standards for Grade 7. The following 11 standards are reviewed: (1) The Arts Standard 2006 --Grade 7; (2) Comprehensive Health Education/Physical Activity Standards 1997--Essentials (Grades 4-8); (3) Foreign and Native Language Standards 1997--Essentials (Grades 4-8); (4) Reading Standard Articulated by…

Arizona Department of Education, 2009

2009-01-01

446

Arizona Academic Standards, Grade 2  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication contains Arizona public schools' academic standards for grade 2. The contents of this document include the following: (1) The Arts Standard 2006--Grade 2; (2) Comprehensive Health Education/Physical Activity Standards 1997--Foundations (Grades 1-3); (3) Foreign and Native Language Standards 1997--Foundations (Grades 1-3); (4)…

Arizona Department of Education, 2009

2009-01-01

447

Arizona Academic Standards, Grade 3  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication contains Arizona public schools' academic standards for grade 3. The contents of this document include the following: (1) The Arts Standard 2006--Grade 3; (2) Comprehensive Health Education/Physical Activity Standards 1997--Foundations (Grades 1-3); (3) Foreign and Native Language Standards 1997--Foundations (Grades 1-3); (4)…

Arizona Department of Education, 2009

2009-01-01

448

Eight Steps to Meaningful Grading  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A group of teachers at Clifford Smart Middle School in Michigan's Walled Lake Consolidated School District have broken free from traditional grading in order to embrace a more meaningful grading practice. Using standards-based grading practices, they believe their grading now accurately communicates to students and parents the student's mastery…

Deddeh, Heather; Main, Erin; Fulkerson, Sharon Ratzlaff

2010-01-01

449

Cracks in functionally graded materials  

Microsoft Academic Search

The weight function method is described to analyze the crack growth behavior in functionally graded materials and in particular materials with a rising crack growth resistance curve. Further, failure of graded thermal barrier coatings (TBCs) under cyclic surface heating by laser irradiation is modeled on the basis of fracture mechanics. The damage of both graded and non-graded TBCs is found

H.-A Bahr; H Balke; T Fett; I Hofinger; G Kirchhoff; D Munz; A Neubrand; A. S Semenov; H.-J Weiss; Y. Y Yang

2003-01-01

450

Arizona Academic Standards, Grade 5  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication contains Arizona public schools' academic standards for grade 5. The contents of this document include the following: (1) The Arts Standard 2006--Grade 5; (2) Comprehensive Health Education/Physical Activity Standards 1997--Essentials (Grades 4-8);(3) Foreign and Native Language Standards 1997--Foundations (Grades 4-8); (4)…

Arizona Department of Education, 2007

2007-01-01

451

Health, Grade 5.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This is the fifth and last of the Vietnamese series of elementary health textbooks. This one was designed for fifth grade students in Vietnam. The thirty-five lessons are presented in the form of short stories with illustrations and a short summary. The four chapters cover the ordinary symptoms of illness, elementary notions of microbes and…

Bui Van Bao; And Others

452

Health, Grade 3.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This is the third in a series of health primers for elementary education in Vietnam. It is written for Vietnamese children at the third grade level. The fifty-three lessons are integrated into one story. Each lesson is illustrated and briefly summarized. The eight chapters are: (1) Hygiene, at home, in school and in public places; (2) Food and…

Bui Van Bao; And Others

453

Flower gardens (grade 3)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a sample PARCC assessment task based on CCSS grade 3 fraction standards. In this interactive three-part task students reason about fractions used to represent area or a location on a number line. Included are the alignments to the CCSS, a scoring rubric, and background on the task itself.

2013-01-01

454

Mariana's fractions (grade 3)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a sample PARCC assessment task based on CCSS grade 3 fraction standards. In this interactive five-part task students reason about fractions used to represent part of a whole or a location on a number line. Included are the alignments to the CCSS, a scoring rubric, and background on the task itself.

2013-01-01

455

Grading the Practicum.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 1993, the University of Melbourne's Institute of Education determined that School Experience and Professional Practice subjects would be graded according to the University's standard assessment scheme instead of a pass/fail scheme. To establish a framework for assessment, the Beginning Teacher Competencies from the National Project on the…

Webster, Val; Byrne, Carmel

456

First Grade Baseline Evaluation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The First Grade Baseline Evaluation is an optional tool that can be used at the beginning of the school year to help teachers get to know the reading and language skills of each student. The evaluation is composed of seven screenings. Teachers may use the entire evaluation or choose to use those individual screenings that they find most beneficial…

Center for Innovation in Assessment (NJ1), 2013

2013-01-01

457

Grading on the Curve.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses some of the myths surrounding grading on the curve. Provides a simple explanation of such statistical terms as histograms, relative frequency, normal distribution, mean, and standard deviation. Describes how to restructure the curve, including the program listing for a computer program that will assist the teacher. (TW)

Wall, Charles R.

1987-01-01

458

Grades as Information  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We determine how much observed student performance in microeconomics principles can be attributed, inferentially, to three kinds of student academic "productivity," the instructor, demographics, and unmeasurables. The empirical approach utilizes an ordered probit model that relates student performance in micro to grades in prior coursework,…

Grant, Darren

2007-01-01

459

Cooperation, First Grade.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This is a first-grade unit of study about the concept of cooperation. The content covers the concept of cooperation and the context in which it is illustrated: through rules in sports, at home and at school; through teamwork in games and projects; and through individual efforts of helping, trusting and sharing. Additional content focuses on how…

Mitchener, Kathy

460

Beyond Age and Grade.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Multi-age grouping, or exchanging traditional grade-level designations for teaching older and younger students together in one room, is as old as the one-room schoolhouse. Teachers comfortable with mixed-age classes are those who believe students learn by being active, engaged, and thoughtful, rather than by sitting passively or doing role…

Black, Susan

1993-01-01

461

Social Studies: Grade 8.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This Manitoba (Canada) curriculum guide for eighth grade social studies students contains suggested teaching strategies and learning activities in four units covering: (1) life during prehistoric and early historic times; (2) ancient civilizations; (3) life in early modern Europe; and (4) life in the modern world. Each unit includes an overview,…

Manitoba Dept. of Education, Winnipeg.

462

Career Awareness: Grade 5.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A broad educational background is necessary to meet ever changing occupational fields, and career education is an approach incorporating career information within regular school curriculum. For the elementary level, career awareness is the main thrust in this program to integrate students and community. The format for grade five, performance…

Boise City Independent School District, ID.

463

American Independence. Fifth Grade.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This fifth grade teaching unit covers early conflicts between the American colonies and Britain, battles of the American Revolutionary War, and the Declaration of Independence. Knowledge goals address the pre-revolutionary acts enforced by the British, the concepts of conflict and independence, and the major events and significant people from the…

Crosby, Annette

464

Career Awareness: Grade 2.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A broad educational background is necessary to meet ever changing occupational fields, and career education is an approach incorporating career information within the regular school curriculum. For the elementary level, career awareness is the main thrust in this program to integrate students and community. The format for grade two, performance…

Boise City Independent School District, ID.

465

World Cultures Grade 3  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Grade 3 Standard2 Objective 1 Objective: Students will learn to identify elements of cultures in the seven different continents. Assignment: You have just been hired to be a travel agent. Your first customer wants to take a trip around a continent. To be a good travel agent ...

Mitchell, Mrs.

2008-11-25

466

A Comprehensive Grading Scheme.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Proposes a grading system for nursing education, consisting of (1) a within-class component, based on mastery testing and criterion-referenced assessment to develop academic knowledge and clinical skills; and (2) a between-class component, based on norm-referenced assessment to provide a statistically sound class ranking. (SK)

Gentile, J. Ronald; Stevens-Haslinger, Cheryl

1983-01-01

467

Development of a California commercial building benchmarking database  

SciTech Connect

Building energy benchmarking is a useful starting point for commercial building owners and operators to target energy savings opportunities. There are a number of tools and methods for benchmarking energy use. Benchmarking based on regional data can provides more relevant information for California buildings than national tools such as Energy Star. This paper discusses issues related to benchmarking commercial building energy use and the development of Cal-Arch, a building energy benchmarking database for California. Currently Cal-Arch uses existing survey data from California's Commercial End Use Survey (CEUS), a largely underutilized wealth of information collected by California's major utilities. Doe's Commercial Building Energy Consumption Survey (CBECS) is used by a similar tool, Arch, and by a number of other benchmarking tools. Future versions of Arch/Cal-Arch will utilize additional data sources including modeled data and individual buildings to expand the database.

Kinney, Satkartar; Piette, Mary Ann

2002-05-17

468

Strategy of DIN-PACS benchmark testing  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Digital Imaging Network -- Picture Archive and Communication System (DIN-PACS) procurement is the Department of Defense's (DoD) effort to bring military medical treatment facilities into the twenty-first century with nearly filmless digital radiology departments. The DIN-PACS procurement is unique from most of the previous PACS acquisitions in that the Request for Proposals (RFP) required extensive benchmark testing prior to contract award. The strategy for benchmark testing was a reflection of the DoD's previous PACS and teleradiology experiences. The DIN-PACS Technical Evaluation Panel (TEP) consisted of DoD and civilian radiology professionals with unique clinical and technical PACS expertise. The TEP considered nine items, key functional requirements to the DIN-PACS acquisition: (1) DICOM Conformance, (2) System Storage and Archive, (3) Workstation Performance, (4) Network Performance, (5) Radiology Information System (RIS) functionality, (6) Hospital Information System (HIS)/RIS Interface, (7) Teleradiology, (8) Quality Control, and (9) System Reliability. The development of a benchmark test to properly evaluate these key requirements would require the TEP to make technical, operational, and functional decisions that had not been part of a previous PACS acquisition. Developing test procedures and scenarios that simulated inputs from radiology modalities and outputs to soft copy workstations, film processors, and film printers would be a major undertaking. The goals of the TEP were to fairly assess each vendor's proposed system and to provide an accurate evaluation of each system's capabilities to the source selection authority, so the DoD could purchase a PACS that met the requirements in the RFP.

Norton, Gary S.; Lyche, David K.; Richardson, Nancy E.; Thomas, Jerry A.; Romlein, John R.; Cawthon, Michael A.; Lawrence, David P.; Shelton, Philip D.; Parr, Laurence F.; Richardson, Ronald R., Jr.; Johnson, Steven L.

1998-07-01

469

Benchmarking NSP Reactors with CORETRAN-01  

SciTech Connect

As part of an overall verification and validation effort, the Electric Power Research Institute's (EPRIs) CORETRAN-01 has been benchmarked against Northern States Power's Prairie Island and Monticello reactors through 12 cycles of operation. The two Prairie Island reactors are Westinghouse 2-loop units with 121 asymmetric 14 x 14 lattice assemblies utilizing up to 8 wt% gadolinium while Monticello is a General Electric 484 bundle boiling water reactor. All reactor cases were executed in full core utilizing 24 axial nodes per assembly in the fuel with 1 additional reflector node above, below, and around the perimeter of the core. Cross-section sets used in this benchmark effort were generated by EPRI's CPM-3 as well as Studsvik's CASMO-3 and CASMO-4 to allow for separation of the lattice calculation effect from the nodal simulation method. These cases exercised the depletion-shuffle-depletion sequence through four cycles for each unit using plant data to follow actual operations. Flux map calculations were performed for comparison to corresponding measurement statepoints. Additionally, start-up physics testing cases were used to predict cycle physics parameters for comparison to existing plant methods and measurements.These benchmark results agreed well with both current analysis methods and plant measurements, indicating that CORETRAN-01 may be appropriate for steady-state physics calculations of both the Prairie Island and Monticello reactors. However, only the Prairie Island results are discussed in this paper since Monticello results were of similar quality and agreement. No attempt was made in this work to investigate CORETRAN-01 kinetics capability by analyzing plant transients, but these steady-state results form a good foundation for moving in that direction.

Hines, Donald D.; Grow, Rodney L.; Agee, Lance J

2004-10-15

470

Benchmarking intangible assets: enhancing teamwork performance using self-assessment  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper discusses self-assessment and benchmarking of intangible assets in teamwork development. First examines key approaches to team-performance measurement and present a systems perspective on teamwork, hence benchmarking of teamwork performance. In consequence, a generic model based on EFQM framework – the TEaM model, is proposed as a self-assessment and benchmarking tool. TEaM consists of ten criteria (enablers and results)

Pavel Castka; Christopher J. Bamber; John M. Sharp

2004-01-01

471

The NAS Parallel Benchmarks 2.1 Results  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

We present performance results for version 2.1 of the NAS Parallel Benchmarks (NPB) on the following architectures: IBM SP2/66 MHz; SGI Power Challenge Array/90 MHz; Cray Research T3D; and Intel Paragon. The NAS Parallel Benchmarks are a widely-recognized suite of benchmarks originally designed to compare the performance of highly parallel computers with that of traditional supercomputers.

Saphir, William; Woo, Alex; Yarrow, Maurice

1996-01-01

472

NAS Parallel Benchmarks. 2.4  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

We describe a new problem size, called Class D, for the NAS Parallel Benchmarks (NPB), whose MPI source code implementation is being released as NPB 2.4. A brief rationale is given for how the new class is derived. We also describe the modifications made to the MPI (Message Passing Interface) implementation to allow the new class to be run on systems with 32-bit integers, and with moderate amounts of memory. Finally, we give the verification values for the new problem size.

VanderWijngaart, Rob; Biegel, Bryan A. (Technical Monitor)

2002-01-01

473

Benchmarking East Tennessee`s economic capacity  

SciTech Connect

This presentation is comprised of viewgraphs delineating major economic factors operating in 15 counties in East Tennessee. The purpose of the information presented is to provide a benchmark analysis of economic conditions for use in guiding economic growth in the region. The emphasis of the presentation is economic infrastructure, which is classified into six categories: human resources, technology, financial resources, physical infrastructure, quality of life, and tax and regulation. Data for analysis of key indicators in each of the categories are presented. Preliminary analyses, in the form of strengths and weaknesses and comparison to reference groups, are given.

NONE

1995-04-20

474

Benchmark Problems for Space Mission Formation Flying  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

To provide a high-level focus to distributed space system flight dynamics and control research, several benchmark problems are suggested for space mission formation flying. The problems cover formation flying in low altitude, near-circular Earth orbit, high altitude, highly elliptical Earth orbits, and large amplitude lissajous trajectories about co-linear libration points of the Sun-Earth/Moon system. These problems are not specific to any current or proposed mission, but instead are intended to capture high-level features that would be generic to many similar missions that are of interest to various agencies.

Carpenter, J. Russell; Leitner, Jesse A.; Folta, David C.; Burns, Richard

2003-01-01

475

Benchmarking boiler tube failures - Part 1  

SciTech Connect

Boiler tube failures continue to be the leading cause of downtime for steam power plants. That should not be a surprise; a typical steam generator has miles of tubes that operate at high temperatures and pressures. Are your experiences comparable to those of your peers? Could you learn something from tube-leak benchmarking data that could improve the operation of your plant? The Electric Utility Cost Group (EUCG) recently completed a boiler-tube failure study that is available only to its members. But Power magazine has been given exclusive access to some of the results, published in this article. 4 figs.

Patrick, J.; Oldani, R.; von Behren, D. [Ameren (United States)

2005-10-01

476

Benchmarking Linac Codes for the HIPPI Project  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In the framework of the HIPPI project a 3D linac code comparison and benchmarking program have been initiated. Particular attention is devoted to the validation of the space charge solvers, comparing the calculated electric field of a common initial distribution with a semi-analytical solution. In order to study the effects of numerical noise on the single particle dynamics, also the calculated single particle tune is compared with an analytical prediction. Particle tracking is eventually compared using the lattice of UNILAC DTL section, in preparation of validation with experimental emittance measurements to be carried out in the next two years.

Franchi, A.; Duperrier, R.; Franchetti, G.; Gerigk, F.; Groening, L.; Hofmann, I.; Orzhekhovskaya, A.; Sauer, A.; Uriot, D.; Yaramyschev, S.

2005-06-01

477

Benchmarking Linac Codes for the HIPPI Project  

SciTech Connect

In the framework of the HIPPI project a 3D linac code comparison and benchmarking program have been initiated. Particular attention is devoted to the validation of the space charge solvers, comparing the calculated electric field of a common initial distribution with a semi-analytical solution. In order to study the effects of numerical noise on the single particle dynamics, also the calculated single particle tune is compared with an analytical prediction. Particle tracking is eventually compared using the lattice of UNILAC DTL section, in preparation of validation with experimental emittance measurements to be carried out in the next two years.

Franchi, A.; Franchetti, G.; Groening, L.; Hofmann, I.; Orzhekhovskaya, A.; Yaramyschev, S. [GSI, Darmstadt (Germany); Duperrier, R.; Uriot, D. [CEA, Saclay (France); Gerigk, F. [CCLRC-RAL(United Kingdom); Sauer, A. [IAP, Frankfurt (Germany)

2005-06-08

478

Building with Benchmarks: The Role of the District in Philadelphia's Benchmark Assessment System  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In recent years, interim assessments have become an increasingly popular tool in districts seeking to improve student learning and achievement. Philadelphia has been at the forefront of this change, implementing a set of Benchmark assessments aligned with its Core Curriculum district-wide in 2004. In this article, we examine the overall context…

Bulkley, Katrina E.; Christman, Jolley Bruce; Goertz, Margaret E.; Lawrence, Nancy R.

2010-01-01

479

Using the Canadian Language Benchmarks (CLB) to Benchmark College Programs/Courses and Language Proficiency Tests.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a process developed by the Language Training Centre at Red River College (RRC) to use the Canadian language benchmarks in analyzing the language levels used in programs and courses at RRC to identify appropriate entry-level language proficiency and the levels that second language students need in order to meet college or university…

Epp, Lucy; Stawychny, Mary

2001-01-01

480

Performance Evaluation of Supercomputers using HPCC and IMB Benchmarks  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The HPC Challenge (HPCC) benchmark suite and the Intel MPI Benchmark (IMB) are used to compare and evaluate the combined performance of processor, memory subsystem and interconnect fabric of five leading supercomputers - SGI Altix BX2, Cray XI, Cray Opteron Cluster, Dell Xeon cluster, and NEC SX-8. These five systems use five different networks (SGI NUMALINK4, Cray network, Myrinet, InfiniBand, and NEC IXS). The complete set of HPCC benchmarks are run on each of these systems. Additionally, we present Intel MPI Benchmarks (IMB) results to study the performance of 11 MPI communication functions on these systems.

Saini, Subhash; Ciotti, Robert; Gunney, Brian T. N.; Spelce, Thomas E.; Koniges, Alice; Dossa, Don; Adamidis, Panagiotis; Rabenseifner, Rolf; Tiyyagura, Sunil R.; Mueller, Matthias; Fatoohi, Rod

2006-01-01

481

An annotated bibliography of selected books and articles on benchmarking  

SciTech Connect

This bibliography contains 34 references concerning utilizing benchmarking in the management of businesses. Books and articles are both cited. Methods for gathering and utilizing information are emphasized. (GHH)

Allan, F.C. [comp.

1992-01-01

482

A Suite of Criticality Benchmarks for Validating Nuclear Data  

SciTech Connect

The continuous-energy neutron data library ENDF60 for use with MCNP{trademark} was released in the fall of 1994, and was based on ENDF/B-Vl evaluations through Release 2. As part of the data validation process for this library, a number of criticality benchmark calculations were performed. The original suite of nine criticality benchmarks used to test ENDF60 has now been expanded to 86 benchmarks. This report documents the specifications for the suite of 86 criticality benchmarks that have been developed for validating nuclear data.

Stephanie C. Frankle

1999-04-01

483

Annotated bibliography of selected books and articles on benchmarking.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This bibliography contains 34 references concerning utilizing benchmarking in the management of businesses. Books and articles are both cited. Methods for gathering and utilizing information are emphasized. (GHH)

F. C. Allan

1992-01-01

484

Rigorous Grading Does Not Raise Standards: It Only Lowers Grades.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses "grade inflation," and the pressure on instructors to "play grade roll politics to save their own professional hides." Argues that the grade deflation movement works at cross purposes with its goal of elevating academic standards, and that it is at odds with composition theory and its process pedagogy. Suggests portfolio assessment as…

Agnew, Eleanor

1995-01-01

485

CALOR89: Calorimetry analysis and benchmarking  

SciTech Connect

The CALOR89 code system has been utilized for extensive calorimeter benchmarking and design calculations. Even though this code system has previously demonstrated its power in the design of calorimeters, major revisions in the form of better collision models and cross-section data bases have expanded its capabilities. The benchmarking has been done with respect to the ZEUS and DO calorimeters. For the most part, good agreement with experimental data has been obtained. The design calculations presented here were done for a variety of absorbers (depleted uranium, lead, and iron) of various thickness, for a given scintillator thickness and for a fixed absorber thickness using various thickness for the scintillator. These studies indicate that a compensating calorimeter can be built using depleted uranium or lead as the absorber, whereas a purely iron calorimeter would be non-compensating. One possibly major problem exists with the depleted uranium calorimeter due to the large number of neutrons produced and due to the large capture cross-section of uranium. These captured neutrons will produce a signal in the scintillator due to secondary gamma rays for many hundreds of nanoseconds and this may contribute substantially to background noise and pile up. 14 figs.

Gabriel, T.A.; Alsmiller, R.G. Jr.; Bishop, B.L.; Fu, C.Y. (Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (USA)); Handler, T. (Tennessee Univ., Knoxville, TN (USA)); Panakkal, J.K.; Proudfoot, J. (Argonne National Lab., IL (USA)); Cremaldi, L.; Moore, B.; Reidy, J.J. (Mississippi Univ., University, MS (USA))

1990-01-01

486

REVISED STREAM CODE AND WASP5 BENCHMARK  

SciTech Connect

STREAM is an emergency response code that predicts downstream pollutant concentrations for releases from the SRS area to the Savannah River. The STREAM code uses an algebraic equation to approximate the solution of the one dimensional advective transport differential equation. This approach generates spurious oscillations in the concentration profile when modeling long duration releases. To improve the capability of the STREAM code to model long-term releases, its calculation module was replaced by the WASP5 code. WASP5 is a US EPA water quality analysis program that simulates one-dimensional pollutant transport through surface water. Test cases were performed to compare the revised version of STREAM with the existing version. For continuous releases, results predicted by the revised STREAM code agree with physical expectations. The WASP5 code was benchmarked with the US EPA 1990 and 1991 dye tracer studies, in which the transport of the dye was measured from its release at the New Savannah Bluff Lock and Dam downstream to Savannah. The peak concentrations predicted by the WASP5 agreed with the measurements within {+-}20.0%. The transport times of the dye concentration peak predicted by the WASP5 agreed with the measurements within {+-}3.6%. These benchmarking results demonstrate that STREAM should be capable of accurately modeling releases from SRS outfalls.

Chen, K

2005-05-01

487

The Medical Library Association Benchmarking Network: results*  

PubMed Central

Objective: This article presents some limited results from the Medical Library Association (MLA) Benchmarking Network survey conducted in 2002. Other uses of the data are also presented. Methods: After several years of development and testing, a Web-based survey opened for data input in December 2001. Three hundred eighty-five MLA members entered data on the size of their institutions and the activities of their libraries. The data from 344 hospital libraries were edited and selected for reporting in aggregate tables and on an interactive site in the Members-Only area of MLANET. The data represent a 16% to 23% return rate and have a 95% confidence level. Results: Specific questions can be answered using the reports. The data can be used to review internal processes, perform outcomes benchmarking, retest a hypothesis, refute a previous survey findings, or develop library standards. The data can be used to compare to current surveys or look for trends by comparing the data to past surveys. Conclusions: The impact of this project on MLA will reach into areas of research and advocacy. The data will be useful in the everyday working of small health sciences libraries as well as provide concrete data on the current practices of health sciences libraries.

Dudden, Rosalind Farnam; Corcoran, Kate; Kaplan, Janice; Magouirk, Jeff; Rand, Debra C.; Smith, Bernie Todd

2006-01-01

488

Computational Thermochemistry and Benchmarking of Reliable Methods  

SciTech Connect

During the first and second years of the Computational Thermochemistry and Benchmarking of Reliable Methods project, we completed several studies using the parallel computing capabilities of the NWChem software and Molecular Science Computing Facility (MSCF), including large-scale density functional theory (DFT), second-order Moeller-Plesset (MP2) perturbation theory, and CCSD(T) calculations. During the third year, we continued to pursue the computational thermodynamic and benchmarking studies outlined in our proposal. With the issues affecting the robustness of the coupled cluster part of NWChem resolved, we pursued studies of the heats-of-formation of compounds containing 5 to 7 first- and/or second-row elements and approximately 10 to 14 hydrogens. The size of these systems, when combined with the large basis sets (cc-pVQZ and aug-cc-pVQZ) that are necessary for extrapolating to the complete basis set limit, creates a formidable computational challenge, for which NWChem on NWMPP1 is well suited.

Feller, David F.; Dixon, David A.; Dunning, Thom H.; Dupuis, Michel; McClemore, Doug; Peterson, Kirk A.; Xantheas, Sotiris S.; Bernholdt, David E.; Windus, Theresa L.; Chalasinski, Grzegorz; Fosada, Rubicelia; Olguim, Jorge; Dobbs, Kerwin D.; Frurip, Donald; Stevens, Walter J.; Rondan, Nelson; Chase, Jared M.; Nichols, Jeffrey A.

2006-06-20

489

Simple mathematical law benchmarks human confrontations  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Many high-profile societal problems involve an individual or group repeatedly attacking another - from child-parent disputes, sexual violence against women, civil unrest, violent conflicts and acts of terror, to current cyber-attacks on national infrastructure and ultrafast cyber-trades attacking stockholders. There is an urgent need to quantify the likely severity and timing of such future acts, shed light on likely perpetrators, and identify intervention strategies. Here we present a combined analysis of multiple datasets across all these domains which account for >100,000 events, and show that a simple mathematical law can benchmark them all. We derive this benchmark and interpret it, using a minimal mechanistic model grounded by state-of-the-art fieldwork. Our findings provide quantitative predictions concerning future attacks; a tool to help detect common perpetrators and abnormal behaviors; insight into the trajectory of a `lone wolf' identification of a critical threshold for spreading a message or idea among perpetrators; an intervention strategy to erode the most lethal clusters; and more broadly, a quantitative starting point for cross-disciplinary theorizing about human aggression at the individual and group level, in both real and online worlds.

Johnson, Neil F.; Medina, Pablo; Zhao, Guannan; Messinger, Daniel S.; Horgan, John; Gill, Paul; Bohorquez, Juan Camilo; Mattson, Whitney; Gangi, Devon; Qi, Hong; Manrique, Pedro; Velasquez, Nicolas; Morgenstern, Ana; Restrepo, Elvira; Johnson, Nicholas; Spagat, Michael; Zarama, Roberto

2013-12-01

490

VVER-440 dosimetry and neutron spectrum benchmark  

SciTech Connect

Light Water Reactor (LWR) benchmark experiments performed in the United States under the Surveillance Dosimetry Improvement Program (SDIP), in general, reported measured reaction rates and not neutron flux spectrum. The VVER-440 benchmark experiments, using a combination of spherical hydrogen-filled proportional counters and a stilbene scintillator detector, were measurements that provided a direct verification of the transport neutron flux spectrum. The original SAILOR cross-section library from ENDF/B-IV were used, except that the iron, hydrogen, and oxygen values from ENDF/B-VI were inserted. A linear-least-squares analysis showed that the average difference between calculations and measurements below 10 MeV was (a) less than 6% at the surveillance position; (b) less than 5% at the pressure vessel (PV) inner surface; (c) less than 6% at 1/3 thickness into the PV (1/3 T); (d) less than 17% at 2/3 thickness into the PV (2/3 T); and (e) less than 24% at the PV outer surface.

Sajot, E. [Louisiana State Univ., Baton Rouge, LA (United States). Nuclear Science Center; Kam, F.B.K. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States)

1993-11-01

491

Simple mathematical law benchmarks human confrontations.  

PubMed

Many high-profile societal problems involve an individual or group repeatedly attacking another - from child-parent disputes, sexual violence against women, civil unrest, violent conflicts and acts of terror, to current cyber-attacks on national infrastructure and ultrafast cyber-trades attacking stockholders. There is an urgent need to quantify the likely severity and timing of such future acts, shed light on likely perpetrators, and identify intervention strategies. Here we present a combined analysis of multiple datasets across all these domains which account for >100,000 events, and show that a simple mathematical law can benchmark them all. We derive this benchmark and interpret it, using a minimal mechanistic model grounded by state-of-the-art fieldwork. Our findings provide quantitative predictions concerning future attacks; a tool to help detect common perpetrators and abnormal behaviors; insight into the trajectory of a 'lone wolf'; identification of a critical threshold for spreading a message or idea among perpetrators; an intervention strategy to erode the most lethal clusters; and more broadly, a quantitative starting point for cross-disciplinary theorizing about human aggression at the individual and group level, in both real and online worlds. PMID:24322528

Johnson, Neil F; Medina, Pablo; Zhao, Guannan; Messinger, Daniel S; Horgan, John; Gill, Paul; Bohorquez, Juan Camilo; Mattson, Whitney; Gangi, Devon; Qi, Hong; Manrique, Pedro; Velasquez, Nicolas; Morgenstern, Ana; Restrepo, Elvira; Johnson, Nicholas; Spagat, Michael; Zarama, Roberto

2013-01-01

492

Characterization of Functionally Graded Materials.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The purpose of this study was to characterize the behavior of a functionally graded material through experimentation and analytical modeling. Functionally graded materials are a ceramic metal composite which transitions from metal on one face to ceramic o...

B. D. Chapman

2006-01-01

493

Grade Inflation: Metaphor and Reality  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Grade inflation has become a general term for teachers and administrators in recent times and is an ambiguous denomination which needs to be identified. The allegory and reality of grade inflation is discussed.

Kamber, Richard; Biggs, Mary

2003-01-01

494

Jobs For Youth-Boston, Madison Park Technical-Vocational H.S., Boston, Massachusetts. PLATO Evaluation Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Boston, Massachusetts, school district requires that its 9th grade students pass both the Boston Public Schools Math Benchmark Assessment (BPS Math) and the Scholastic Reading Inventory (SRI) before entering 10th grade. At Madison Park Technical-Vocational High School in June 2000, 349 students failed either the mathematics or reading test or…

Quinn, David W.; Quinn, Nancy W.

495

Fourth Grade Lab Activities  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

These are a collection of sites related to the Fourth Grade CORE, to be explored in the computer lab. For SCIENCE explorations click below. 1. Clouds and the water cycle at the Enchanted Learning site. 2. Look at the Cloud Man&s pictures of clouds. 3. Cloud Types 4. Clouds and Precipitation: online meteorology guide 5. The Dirt on Soil 6. The Dirt on Soil 7. Soil Horizons For MATH activities click below. Math activities "A" ...

Boissonnault, Ms.

2005-06-23

496

School Mural ( Grade 3)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a sample PARCC assessment task based on CCSS grade 3 operations and algebraic thinking standards as well as the measurement and data standards. In this interactive multi-step task students must write a number sentence that can be used to find how many tiles high the mural is at school and then show the value of the Distributive Property in solving a problem. Included are the alignments to the CCSS, a scoring rubric and background on the task itself.

2013-01-01

497

Computational grading of hepatocellular carcinoma using multifractal feature description.  

PubMed

Cancer grading has become an important topic in the field of image interpretation-based computer aided diagnosis systems. This paper proposes a novel feature descriptor to observe the characteristics of histopathological textures in a discriminative manner. The proposed feature descriptor utilizes fractal geometric analysis with four multifractal measures to construct an eight dimensional feature space. The proposed method employed a bag-of-feature-based classification model to discriminate a set of hepatocellular carcinoma images into five categories according to Edmondson and Steiner's grading system. Three feature selection methods were utilized to obtain the most discriminative features of codeword dictionary (codebook). Furthermore, we incorporated four other textural feature descriptors: Gabor-filters, LM-filters, local binary patterns, and Haralick, to obtain a benchmark of the accuracy of the classification. Two experiments were performed: (i) classifying non-neoplastic tissues and tumors and (ii) grading the hepatocellular carcinoma images into five classes. Experimental results indicated the significance of the multifractal features for describing the histopathological image texture because it outperformed other four feature descriptors. We graded a given ROI image by defining a threshold-based majority-voting rule and obtained an average correct classification rate around 95% for five classes classification. PMID:23141965

Atupelage, Chamidu; Nagahashi, Hiroshi; Yamaguchi, Masahiro; Abe, Tokiya; Hashiguchi, Akinori; Sakamoto, Michiie

2013-01-01

498

Meshless approach for coupled radiative and conductive heat transfer in one-dimensional graded index medium  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A meshless local Petrov Galerkin (MLPG) approach is employed for solving the coupled radiative and conductive heat transfer in a one-dimensional slab with graded index media. The angular distribution term in discrete ordinate equation of radiative transfer within a one-dimensional graded index slab is discretized by a step scheme, and the meshless approach for radiative transfer is based on the discrete ordinate equation. A moving least-squares approximation is used to construct the shape function. Two particular test cases for coupled radiative and conductive heat transfer within a one-dimensional graded index slab are examined to verify this new approximate method. The temperatures and the radiative heat fluxes are obtained. The results are compared with the other benchmark approximate solutions. By comparison, the results show that the MLPG approach has a good accuracy in solving the coupled radiative and conductive heat transfer in one-dimensional graded index media.

Liu, L. H.; Tan, J. Y.; Li, B. X.

2006-09-01

499

Taking the Grading Conversation Public  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To manage effective grading reform, education leaders must engage teachers, parents, communities, and policymakers in a rational discussion about grading. Doug Reeves suggests that leaders start the conversation with a discussion of the principles on which all stakeholders can agree; make clear what will not change under the new grading policy; be…

Reeves, Douglas B.

2011-01-01

500

A New Framework for Grading  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Grading is one of the least liked, least understood and least considered aspects of teaching. After years of work, we have developed a grading system that is quite different from traditional and reformed approaches to grading and which meaningfully incorporates and integrates the collection of evidence, the evaluation of evidence, and the…

Green, Kris H.; Emerson, Allen

2007-01-01