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1

Predicting 10th Grade FCAT Success. Research Brief. Volume 0401  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Florida law requires that students achieve a passing score on the Grade 10 Florida Comprehensive Assessment Test (FCAT) to qualify for a standard high school diploma (Section 1008.22(3)(c)5, Florida Statutes). Students who were administered the Grade 10 FCAT for the first time during the 2002 administrations or later must earn a developmental…

Froman, Terry; Bayne, Joseph

2004-01-01

2

Cigarette Use in 6th Through 10th Grade: The Sarasota County Demonstration Project  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objectives: To identify factors associated with cigarette smoking in the 6 th -grade through 10 th -grade youth population of Sarasota County, Florida. Methods: A closed-ended, quantitative survey was completed by 2004 youth and used to extract population-specific data on the correlates of cigarette use. Results: A range of factors influence…

Zapata, Lauren B.; Forthofer, Melinda S.; Eaton, Danice K.; Brown, Kelli McCormack; Bryant, Carol A.; Reynolds, Sherri T.; McDermot, Robert J.

2004-01-01

3

The School Compositional Effect of Single Parenthood on 10th-Grade Achievement.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Uses data from the National Education Longitudinal Study (NELS) to reveal a detrimental contextual effect on 10th-grade mathematics and reading achievement associated with attending a school with a high concentration of children from single-parent homes. Maintains this effect is evident even when individual demographic characteristics and family…

Pong, Suet-ling

1998-01-01

4

Predicting 3rd Grade and 10th Grade FCAT Success for 2006-07. Research Brief. Volume 0601  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For the past few years the Florida School Code has set the Florida Comprehensive Assessment Test (FCAT) performance requirements for promotion of 3rd graders and graduation for 10th graders. Grade 3 students who do not score at level 2 or higher on the FCAT SSS Reading must be retained unless exempted for special circumstances. Grade 10 students…

Froman, Terry; Rubiera, Vilma

2006-01-01

5

Context Effects in Norwegian 10th-Grade Students' Reports on Learning Strategies Using the Cross-Curricular Competencies Instrument  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined contextual effects in Norwegian 10th-grade students' reports on cognitive and metacognitive strategies when using the Cross-Curricular Competencies (CCC) instrument. The CCC was first administered as the final task in a long (three-hour) testing session in the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development Program for…

Samuelstuen, Marit S.; Braten, Ivar; Valas, Harald

2007-01-01

6

Investigating the Effects of a DNA Fingerprinting Workshop on 10th Grade Students' Self Efficacy and Attitudes toward Science.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was investigate the effects of a DNA Fingerprinting Workshop on 10th grade students' self efficacy and attitudes toward science. The content of the workshop based on high school science curriculum and includes multimedia instruction, laboratory experiment and participation of undergraduate students as mentors. N=93…

Sonmez, Duygu; Simcox, Amanda

7

Human papillomavirus vaccine uptake, knowledge and attitude among 10th grade students in Berlin, Germany, 2010  

PubMed Central

Purpose: Since March 2007, the Standing Committee on Vaccination (STIKO) recommends HPV vaccination for all 12–17 y-old females in Germany. In the absence of an immunization register, we aimed at assessing HPV-vaccination coverage and knowledge among students in Berlin, the largest city in Germany, to identify factors influencing HPV-vaccine uptake. Results: Between September and December 2010, 442 students completed the questionnaire (mean age 15.1; range 14–19). In total 281/442 (63.6%) students specified HPV correctly as a sexually transmitted infection. Of 238 participating girls, 161 (67.6%) provided their vaccination records. Among these, 66 (41.0%) had received the recommended three HPV-vaccine doses. Reasons for being HPV-unvaccinated were reported by 65 girls: Dissuasion from parents (40.2%), dissuasion from their physician (18.5%), and concerns about side-effects (30.8%) (multiple choices possible). The odds of being vaccinated increased with age (Odds Ratio (OR) 2.19, 95% Confidence Interval (CI) 1.16, 4.15) and decreased with negative attitude toward vaccinations (OR = 0.33, 95%CI 0.13, 0.84). Methods: Self-administered questionnaires were distributed to 10th grade school students in 14 participating schools in Berlin to assess socio-demographic characteristics, knowledge, and statements on vaccinations. Vaccination records were reviewed. Multivariable statistical methods were applied to identify independent predictors for HPV-vaccine uptake among female participants. Conclusions: HPV-vaccine uptake was low among school girls in Berlin. Both, physicians and parents were influential regarding their HPV-vaccination decision even though personal perceptions played an important role as well. School programs could be beneficial to improve knowledge related to HPV and vaccines, and to offer low-barrier access to HPV vaccination. PMID:22995838

Stöcker, Petra; Dehnert, Manuel; Schuster, Melanie; Wichmann, Ole; Deleré, Yvonne

2013-01-01

8

Progression in Complexity: Contextualizing Sustainable Marine Resources Management in a 10th Grade Classroom  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Sustainable management of marine resources raises great challenges. Working with this socio-scientific issue in the classroom requires students to apply complex models about energy flow and trophic pyramids in order to understand that food chains represent transfer of energy, to construct meanings for sustainable resources management through discourse, and to connect them to actions and decisions in a real-life context. In this paper we examine the process of elaboration of plans for resources management in a marine ecosystem by 10th grade students (15-16 year) in the context of solving an authentic task. A complete class ( N = 14) worked in a sequence about ecosystems. Working in small groups, the students made models of energy flow and trophic pyramids, and used them to solve the problem of feeding a small community for a long time. Data collection included videotaping and audiotaping of all of the sessions, and collecting the students' written productions. The research objective is to examine the process of designing a plan for sustainable resources management in terms of the discursive moves of the students across stages in contextualizing practices, or different degrees of complexity (Jiménez-Aleixandre & Reigosa International Journal of Science Education, 14(1): 51-61 2006), understood as transformations from theoretical statements to decisions about the plan. The analysis of students' discursive moves shows how the groups progressed through stages of connecting different models, between them and with the context, in order to solve the task. The challenges related to taking this sustainability issue to the classroom are discussed.

Bravo-Torija, Beatriz; Jiménez-Aleixandre, María-Pilar

2012-01-01

9

Factors Associated with the Persistence of Bullying Victimization From 10th grade to 13th Grade: A Longitudinal Study  

PubMed Central

Background: Bullying among adolescents represents a major public health challenge. The aim of this study was to map the stability of bullying victimization across the transitional phase from lower to upper secondary school, and to describe the sociodemographic, academic and health-related characteristics of those bullied during the transition. Method: 3674 Norwegian adolescents were followed longitudinally from the age of 15/16 until the age of 18/19, answering questionnaires about health, academic achievements, life events, lifestyle and sociodemography. The 337 participants reporting exposure to bullying victimization at age 15/16 were the target group, as we made comparisons between those reporting victimization only at the age of 15/16 (n=289) with the participants for whom the bullying had continued into later adolescence (n = 48). Results: 14% of those victimized at age 15/16, reported continuation of bullying victimization into upper secondary school. These adolescents were significantly more likely to report having divorced parents, low parental educational level, poor self-perceived economy, muscle and skeletal pain, symptoms of mental distress, lower school marks in Norwegian and higher body-mass index (BMI) when group differences at age 18/19 were assessed through basic inferential statistical tests. However, the multivariate logistic regression analyses only revealed statistically significantly increased adjusted odds ratios for the variables mental distress and school-marks in Norwegian. Conclusion: The persistence of exposure to bullying from 10th grade to 13th grade is associated with mental health complaints and poor school performance. Preventive measures to take care of students being continuously bullied should be in place in secondary schools. PMID:24367391

Lien, Lars; Welander-Vatn, Audun

2013-01-01

10

Weapons-grade MOX PWR benchmark calculations  

SciTech Connect

A simplified model of a Westinghouse pressurized water reactor (PWR) assembly has been proposed as a weapons-grade mixed-oxide (MOX) benchmark. The bundle design consists of a uniform plutonium loading that would be appropriate for a full MOX core. The benchmark consists of several state point calculations at zero burnup, a multicycle depletion to 45 MWd/kg, and several state point calculations at end of life. Calculations of the PWR MOX benchmark have been performed with the KENO Monte Carlo code and the VENTURE diffusion theory code using cross sections created using the SCALE system and with the HELIOS system. The benchmark has been proposed as a light water reactor MOX benchmark with initial results being submitted by the participants by September 1998. The complete specifications for the benchmark are available at http://www.engr.utk.edu/org/ans/benchmark/ansmoxbm.html.

Gehin, J.C. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States)

1998-12-31

11

Water: How Good is Good Enough? Teacher's Guide. Science Module (9th-10th Grade Chemistry).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This is a teacher's guide for a module designed to integrate environmental education into ninth- and tenth-grade chemistry classes. The module, pilot tested in Gwinnett County, Georgia in classes of students, many of whom had learning disabilities, emphasizes activity learning and considerable review. The module is divided into four parts. Part…

Georgia Univ., Athens. Coll. of Education.

12

Scope, Sequence & Coordination: 9th and 10th Grade Science. Supplementary Evaluation Report, December, 1997.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this report is to synthesize two other evaluation reports ascertaining the effectiveness of the Scope, Sequence & Coordination (SS&C) project on ninth and tenth grade student achievement of the National Science Education Standards. The overall evaluation utilized a time lag, post-test-only design in which the perceptions and…

Lawrenz, Frances; Huffman, Douglas

13

Predicting 3rd Grade and 10th Grade FCAT Success for 2007-08. Research Brief. Volume 0702  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For the past few years the Florida School Code has set the Florida Comprehensive Assessment Test (FCAT) performance requirements for promotion of 3rd graders and graduation for 10 graders. Grade 3 students who do not score at level 2 or higher on the FCAT SSS Reading must be retained unless exempted for special circumstances. Grade 10 students…

Froman, Terry; Rubiera, Vilma

2008-01-01

14

Implementation and Evaluation of Web-Based Learning Activities on Bonding and the Structure of Matter for 10-th Grade Chemistry  

E-print Network

, and their interest in chemistry studies. Two groups participated in this study: an experimental and a comparison. The quantitative tools of the study included: A Semantic Differential questionnaire and a Chemistry Classroom Web of Matter for 10-th Grade Chemistry Abstract This study deals with the development, implementation

Pilpel, Yitzhak

15

An Examination of the Conditions of School Facilities Attended by 10th-Grade Students in 2002. E.D. TAB. NCES 2006-302  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report presents key findings from the Education Longitudinal Study of 2002 (ELS:2002) Facilities Checklist for all ELS:2002 public and private schools and students in the 10th grade. The facilities instrument was administered as a part of the ELS:2002 and focused on the conditions of school facilities, including disrepair, cleanliness,…

Mike Planty; Jill F. DeVoe; Jeffrey A. Owings; Kathryn Chandler

2005-01-01

16

Mental and somatic health complaints associated with school bullying between 10th and 12th grade students; results from cross sectional studies in Oslo, Norway  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Bullying is a widespread and serious problem that might influence both mental and psychical well being as well as school performance and social life. The aim of this study was to describe the prevalence of bullying, mental health problems and psychical complaints among 10th and 12th grade students and to analyze the association between bullying, mental health problems and

Lars Lien; Kristian Green; Audun Welander-Vatn; Espen Bjertness

2009-01-01

17

A Typology of Chemistry Classroom Environments: Exploring the Relationships between 10th Grade Students' Perceptions, Attitudes and Gender  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present study was the first in Greece in which educational effectiveness theory constituted a knowledge base for investigating the impact of chemistry classroom environment in 10 Grade students' enjoyment of class. An interpretive heuristic schema was developed and utilised in order to incorporate two factors of teacher behaviour at…

Giallousi, M.; Gialamas, V.; Pavlatou, E. A.

2013-01-01

18

Water: How Good is Good Enough? Student Book. Science Module (9th-10th Grade Chemistry). Revised Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This learning module is designed to integrate environmental education into ninth- and tenth-grade chemistry classes. This module and a companion social studies module were pilot tested in Gwinnett County, Georgia in classes of students, many of whom had learning disabilities. It emphasizes activity learning. The module is divided into four parts.…

Georgia Univ., Athens. Coll. of Education.

19

It takes a village: the effects of 10th grade college-going expectations of students, parents, and teachers four years later.  

PubMed

Adolescents are surrounded by people who have expectations about their college-going potential. Yet, few studies have examined the link between these multiple sources of college-going expectations and the actual status of students in postsecondary education years later. The study draws on data collected in the 2002-2006 Educational Longitudinal Study and employs an underutilized statistical technique (cross-classified multilevel modeling) to account for teacher reports on overlapping groups of students (typical of high school research). Results showed that positive expectations of students, parents, English, and mathematics teachers in the 10th grade each uniquely predicted postsecondary status 4 years later. As a group, the four sources of expectations explained greater variance in postsecondary education than student characteristics such as socioeconomic status and academic performance. This suggests positive expectations are additive and promotive for students regardless of their risk status. Teacher expectations were also found to be protective for low income students. Implications for future expectancy research and equity-focused interventions are discussed. PMID:23564059

Gregory, Anne; Huang, Francis

2013-09-01

20

Material Analysis and Processing Systems: A 9th and/or 10th Grade Industrial Education Curriculum Designed To Fulfill the Kansas State Department of Vocational Education's Level 2 Course Requirements.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The teacher developed curriculum guide provides the industrial education teacher with the objectives, equipment lists, material, supplies, references, and activities necessary to teach students of the 9th and/or 10th grade the concepts of interrelationships between material analysis and processing systems. Career information and sociological…

Dean, Harvey R., Ed.

21

Power Conversion and Transmission Systems: A 9th and/or 10th Grade Industrial Education Curriculum Designed To Fulfill the Kansas State Department of Vocational Education's Level 2 Course Requirements.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The document is a guide to a 9th and 10th grade industrial education course investigating the total system of power--how man controls, converts, transmits, and uses energy; the rationale is that if one is to learn of the total system of industry, the subsystem of power must be investigated. The guide provides a "body of knowledge" chart…

Dean, Harvey R., Ed.

22

Mountain Dew[R] or Mountain Don't?: A Pilot Investigation of Caffeine Use Parameters and Relations to Depression and Anxiety Symptoms in 5th- and 10th-Grade Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Caffeine, the only licit psychoactive drug available to minors, may have a harmful impact on students' health and adjustment, yet little is known about its use or effects on students, especially from a developmental perspective. Caffeine use in 5th- and 10th-grade students was examined in a cross-sectional design, and relations and…

Luebbe, Aaron M.; Bell, Debora J.

2009-01-01

23

Calculation of the weapons-grade MOX VVER multiassembly benchmarks  

SciTech Connect

Within the framework of the joint US-Russian fissile materials disposition program, a set of VVER benchmarks was formulated to verify and validate computer codes with reference to the problem of using mixed-oxide (MOX) fuel in VVER reactors. This set consists of pin cell, single assembly, and multiassembly geometries with low-enriched uranium (LEU) and weapons-grade MOX fuel. Multiassembly geometries (variants V13 and V14) are of the most interest because they give information about an accuracy of neutron flux distribution calculation near the boundary between MOX and LEU. In this analysis, a uniform MOX bundle and a graded MOX bundle are studied. Benchmark calculations are performed for several states and for a depletion to 60 MWd/kg. The report is devoted to an intercomparison of calculation results for such geometries obtained with various codes.

Kalugin, M.A.; Lazarenko, A.P. [Kurchatov RRC (Russian Federation); Kalashnikov, A.G. [IPPE (Russian Federation); Gehin, J.C. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States)

1998-12-31

24

The impact of high-stakes, state-mandated student performance assessment on 10th grade English, mathematics, and science teachers' instructional practices  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The purpose of this study was to determine if the public release of student results on high-stakes, state-mandated performance assessments influence instructional practices, and if so in what manner. The research focused on changes in teachers' instructional practices and factors that may have influenced such changes since the public release of high-stakes, state-mandated student performance assessment scores. The data for this study were obtained from a 54-question survey instrument given to a stratified random sample of teachers teaching at least one section of 10th grade English, mathematics, or science in an academic public high school within Massachusetts. Two hundred and fifty-seven (257) teachers, or 62% of the total sample, completed the survey instrument. An analysis of the data found that teachers are making changes in their instructional practices. The data show notable increases in the use of open-response questions, creative/critical thinking questions, problem-solving activities, use of rubrics or scoring guides, writing assignments, and inquiry/investigation. Teachers also have decreased the use of multiple-choice and true-false questions, textbook-based assignments, and lecturing. Also, the data show that teachers felt that changes made in their instructional practices were most influenced by an "interest in helping my students attain MCAS assessment scores that will allow them to graduate high school" and by an "interest in helping my school improve student (MCAS) assessment scores," Finally, mathematics teachers and teachers with 13--19 years of experience report making significantly more changes than did others. It may be interpreted from the data that the use of state-mandated student performance assessments and the high-stakes attached to this type of testing program contributed to changes in teachers' instructional practices. The changes in teachers' instructional practices have included increases in the use of instructional practices deemed by educational researchers as the "best practices."

Vogler, Kenneth E.

25

Affective decision-making deficits, linked to a dysfunctional ventromedial prefrontal cortex, revealed in 10th grade Chinese adolescent binge drinkers  

PubMed Central

The primary aim of this study was to test the hypothesis that adolescent binge drinkers, but not lighter drinkers, would show signs of impairment on tasks of affective decision-making as measured by the Iowa Gambling Test (IGT), when compared to adolescents who never drank. We tested 207 10th grade adolescents in Chengdu City, China, using two versions of the IGT, the original and a variant, in which the reward/punishment contingencies were reversed. This enables one to distinguish among different possibilities of impaired decision-making, such as insensitivity to long-term consequences, or hypersensitivity to reward. Furthermore, we tested working memory capacity using the Self-ordered Pointing Test (SOPT). Paper and pencil questionnaires were used to assess drinking behaviors and school academic performance. Results indicated that relative to never-drinkers, adolescent binge drinkers, but not other (ever, past 30-day) drinkers, showed significantly lower net scores on the original version of the IGT especially in the latter trials. Furthermore, the profiles of behavioral performance from the original and variant versions of the IGT were consistent with a decision-making impairment attributed to hypersensitivity to reward. In addition, working memory and school academic performance revealed no differences between drinkers (at all levels) and never-drinkers. Logistic regression analysis showed that after controlling for demographic variables, working memory, and school academic performance, the IGT significantly predicted binge-drinking. These findings suggest that a “myopia” for future consequences linked to hypersensitivity to reward is a key characteristic of adolescents with binge-drinking behavior, and that underlying neural mechanisms for this “myopia” for future consequences may serve as a predisposing factor that renders some adolescents more susceptible to future addictive behaviors. PMID:17996909

Johnson, C. Anderson; Xiao, Lin; Palmer, Paula; Sun, Ping; Wang, Qiong; Wei, Yonglan; Jia, Yong; Grenard, Jerry L.; Stacy, Alan W.; Bechara, Antoine

2011-01-01

26

Affective decision-making deficits, linked to a dysfunctional ventromedial prefrontal cortex, revealed in 10th-grade Chinese adolescent smokers  

PubMed Central

This study addressed the question of whether poor decision making would be associated with adolescent past 7-day smoking. We conducted a cross-sectional study of 208 10th-grade adolescents in Chengdu City, China. We used the Iowa Gambling Task (IGT) to assess decision-making, and the Self-ordered Pointing Task (SOPT) to assess working memory capacity. Paper and pencil questionnaires assessed the school academic performance (SAP) and smoking variables. The results showed that a significantly higher proportion of past 7-day smokers (91.7%) were susceptible to future smoking and cigarette offers from best friends compared to other levels of smokers (never, ever and past 30-day smokers). Consistent with these behavioral data, the neuropsychological assessments revealed that relative to never smokers, past 7-day adolescent smokers (but not ever smokers or past 30-day smokers) demonstrated significantly lower scores on the IGT. Moreover, a higher proportion of past 7-day smokers (91.7%) performed poorly (no more than an overall net score of 10) on the IGT than nonsmokers and irregular (ever or past 30-day) smokers (about 65.3%). There were no differences on working memory performance for smokers (at any level) compared to never smokers after adjusting for school-type. In addition, logistic regression showed that the IGT significantly predicted past 7-day smoking after controlling for the working memory, school academic performance and demographic variables. These results suggest that poor affective decision making might predispose some adolescents to smoking in the future or in the social situations where their peers are smoking. Intervention targeting affective decision making might hold promise for reducing adolescents’ risks for substance use. PMID:18584472

Xiao, Lin; Bechara, Antoine; Cen, Steven; Grenard, Jerry L.; Stacy, Alan W.; Gallaher, Peggy; Wei, Yonglan; Jia, Yong; Johnson, C. Anderson

2008-01-01

27

Mountain Dew ® or Mountain Don't?: A Pilot Investigation of Caffeine Use Parameters and Relations to Depression and Anxiety Symptoms in 5th- and 10th-Grade Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Caffeine, the only licit psychoactive drug available to minors, may have a harmful impact on students' health and adjustment, yet little is known about its use or effects on students, especially from a developmental perspective. Caffeine use in 5th- and 10th-grade students was examined in a cross-sectional design, and relations and potential mediators of caffeine use to depression and

Aaron M. Luebbe; Debora J. Bell

2009-01-01

28

The Impact of Internet Virtual Physics Laboratory Instruction on the Achievement in Physics, Science Process Skills and Computer Attitudes of 10th-Grade Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to investigate and compare the impact of Internet Virtual Physics Laboratory (IVPL) instruction with traditional laboratory instruction in physics academic achievement, performance of science process skills, and computer attitudes of tenth grade students. One-hundred and fifty students from four classes at one private…

Yang, Kun-Yuan; Heh, Jia-Sheng

2007-01-01

29

World History Fair and Exposition. 10th Grade Lesson. Schools of California Online Resources for Education (SCORE): Connecting California's Classrooms to the World.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This tenth grade lesson plan asks student teams to research and analyze the history, the challenges, and the future of contemporary nations and share their discoveries in a poster presentation at a technology pavilion. The lesson plan states that each team, as a participating nation, is required to include three themes in their countries' pavilion…

Davis, Cheryl

30

Modeles de rendement langagier: Francais, 10e annee. Francais langue premiere (Models of Linguistic Production: French, 10th Grade. French as a Native Language).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Aligned with its 1998 standards for first- and second-language learning, Alberta Learning has published lesson plans that aim for a closer relationship between learning and evaluation. Each volume in this series presents a specific task for students that involves planning, carrying out, and evaluating their work. The task for tenth grade students…

Alberta Learning, Edmonton. Direction de l'education francaise.

31

Writing Instructional Intervention Supplement (Benchmarks, Informal Assessments, Strategies), Grades 4-8.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This Writing Instructional Intervention Supplement from the Mississippi Department of Education contains benchmarks, informal assessments, and suggested teaching strategies for the fourth through eighth grades. Benchmarks outline what students should know and be able to do to meet mandated competencies. Informal and observational assessments…

Mississippi State Dept. of Education, Jackson.

32

Teachers' Perceptions of the Effectiveness of Benchmark Assessment Data to Predict Student Math Grades  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this correlational quantitative study was to examine the extent to which teachers perceive the use of benchmark assessment data as effective; the extent to which the time spent teaching mathematics is associated with students' mathematics grades, and the extent to which the results of math benchmark assessment influence teachers'…

Lewis, Lawanna M.

2010-01-01

33

Drama Performance Standards at Grades 4, 8 and 12 for North Dakota Drama Standards and Benchmarks.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document outlines the performance standards for drama in North Dakota public schools, grades K-12. Four levels of performance are provided for each benchmark by North Dakota educators for K-4, 5-8, and 9-12 grade levels. Level 4 describes advanced proficiency; Level 3, proficiency; Level 2, partial proficiency; and Level 1, novice. The…

Kalinowski, Roger; Lindekugel-Willis, Paula; Nilsen, Cheryl; Opp, Dean; Rauschenberger, Paula

34

Analysis of Weapons-Grade MOX VVER-1000 Benchmarks with HELIOS and KENO  

SciTech Connect

Calculations of computational benchmark problems for the disposition of weapons-grade mixed-oxide fuel in VVER-1000 reactors have been performed with the HELIOS fuel assembly analysis code. The benchmarks cover pin cell, single fuel assembly, and multiassembly structures with several different fuel types, moderator densities, and boron content for operational and off-normal conditions. Fuel depletion is performed to a burnup of 60 MWd/kg. The detailed results have been tabulated for multiplication factors, macroscopic and microscopic cross sections, reaction rates, fuel isotopics, and fission distributions. Additional results are given for a preliminary analysis of a multiassembly variant using the KENO Monte Carlo code with cross sections from HELIOS.

Dourougie, C.; Emmett, M.B.; Gehin, J.C.; Lillie, R.A.

1999-07-01

35

The impacts of statewide benchmark reading tests on the motivations to read of students in grades 4--8  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to examine the perspectives of fourth through eighth grade students related to their motivations to read and the impacts that standardized benchmark reading tests have on their reading motivations. Much debate among educational experts and politicians has focused on the standardized testing regimens required by the No Child Left Behind Act (NCLB). This study

Richard Charles Carriveau

2006-01-01

36

Scottish Squirrel Group Tuesday 10th  

E-print Network

Scottish Squirrel Group Tuesday 10th March 2009 Forest Research Northern Research Station Roslin Squirrel Group) Juliet Robinson, Red Squirrels in the Highlands Andy Wiseman, European Squirrel Initiative Ken Neil, Tayside Squirrel Officer Abbie Patterson, National Trust for Scotland Celia Rogers, Grampian

37

Proceedings of the 10th International  

E-print Network

Proceedings of the 10th International Symposium on Health Information Management Research ­ iSHIMR 2005 1 Identification of the Risk Related to a Process on Hospital Emergency Service: a Case Study to the associated risk to the processes developed in an Emergency Service of an important Portuguese Hospital

38

Columbines 10th Anniversary Finds Lessons Learned  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

When school administrators hear that the 10th anniversary of the Columbine High School attack is approaching, most shake their heads in disbelief. They are amazed that 10 years have passed since this watershed event, which changed the landscape of K-12 school safety. In this article, the author reflects on the lessons learned from the Columbine…

Trump, Kenneth S.

2009-01-01

39

Interracial Best Friendships: Relationship with 10th Graders' Academic Achievement Level  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors examined the relationships between interracial best friendships and 10th-grade students' academic achievement. The analysis consisted of data from 13,134 participants in the ELS:2002 database. The results indicated that interracial best friendships for minority students (African Americans, Latino Americans, Asian Americans, and…

Newgent, Rebecca A.; Lee, Sang Min; Daniel, Ashley F.

2007-01-01

40

EDITORIAL: 10th anniversary of attosecond pulses 10th anniversary of attosecond pulses  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Attosecond science is an emerging field prompted by the development of attosecond light sources during the last decade. Since shorter light sources can diagnose faster phenomena, the generation of very short light pulses is critical in ultrafast measurements. In 2001 two groups at Commissariat à l'Energie Atomique (CEA), Saclay, and Technische Universität Wien (TUW), Vienna, succeeded in proving the production of attosecond pulse trains and isolated attosecond pulses using high harmonic generation processes, respectively. For the temporal characterization, cross correlation techniques such as RABITT and FROG CRAB that make use of the photoionization of atoms by harmonic and infrared pulses have been demonstrated, in addition to autocorrelation techniques. Femtosecond laser technology has progressed so well that carrier envelope phase (CEP)-stabilized few cycle lasers are now widely used in the production of attosecond pulses. For the generation of isolated attosecond pulses the high-harmonic generation processes have been controlled: the amplitude gating method has been powerful with CEP-stabilized sub-two-cycle laser pulses and the temporal gating methods, including polarization gating and double optical gating, have been effective in accommodating multi-cycle laser pulses. In achieving near transform-limited attosecond pulses the compensation of the inherent attosecond chirp by material dispersion has been useful. The attosecond pulse duration has reached sub-100 attoseconds both for attosecond pulse trains and isolated attosecond pulses, and it is expected that attosecond pulses shorter than one atomic unit (24 as) will be obtained soon. With attosecond light sources, attosecond science has become an active research field. Ultrafast phenomena in atoms and molecules have been looked at in detail, especially in the time domain. The photoionization processes of atoms and molecules occurring in sub-optical cycles have been analyzed, and ultrafast characteristic times in atoms and molecules, such as Auger decay time and autoionization lifetime, have been measured directly as compared to indirect spectroscopic measurements normally done using synchrotron light sources. The reconstruction of molecular orbital wave functions has been demonstrated by developing the molecular tomography method. Ultrafast phenomena in condensed matter and in nanostructures have been tackled also. The successful development of attosecond light sources has thus opened up a variety of new research activities in ultrafast optical science; it will be continued and accelerated further in coming years with intensive research investments by more groups joining the field of attosecond science. In this special issue celebrating the 10th year of attosecond pulse generation 6 review articles and 16 regular articles are included. Although it does not cover all active research areas, we sincerely hope it gives a glimpse of active research activities in attosecond science throughout the world.

Kienberger, Reinhard; Chang, Zenghu; Nam, Chang Hee

2012-04-01

41

Proceedings of the 10th Annual Soldering-Manufacturing Seminar  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Presented are the proceedings of the 10th Annual Soldering/Manufacturing Seminar, held on 19 and 20 February 1986 at the Naval Weapons Center, China Lake, Calif. The proceedings include the papers or abstracts of papers presented at the Seminar and cover all aspects of soldering technology and electronics manufacturing.

1986-02-01

42

Beyond Discipline: From Compliance to Community. 10th Anniversary Edition  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this 10th anniversary edition of an Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development (ASCD) best seller, the author reflects on his revolutionary ideas in the context of today's emphasis on school accountability and high-stakes testing. The author relates how his innovative approach--where teachers learn to work with students, rather than…

Kohn, Alfie

2006-01-01

43

Google Explores the 10th Mermaids and Sea Serpents  

E-print Network

Google Explores the 10th Planet Mermaids and Sea Serpents NASA has spent tens of billions of Planet Earth and Planet Ocean is highlighted by the computer program and image repository Google Earth altimeter data may be used to predict bathymetry at a scale of 6-9 km. The ability to use Google Earth below

Vernon, Frank

44

NADEOSA 10th Anniversary Conference Formal Evaluation Report  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

NADEOSA held its 10th anniversary conference during August 2006 on the theme "Celebrating 10 years of NADEOSA. Exploring the role of ICTs in addressing educational needs: Identifying the myths and miracles." The conference evaluation strategy consisted of a number of consciously planned processes, a dialogical and reflective account which had been…

South African Journal of Higher Education, 2007

2007-01-01

45

Proceedings of 10th International Symposium "Transport and Air Pollution"  

E-print Network

Proceedings of 10th International Symposium "Transport and Air Pollution" September 17-19, 2001 ­ Boulder, Colorado USA Air pollution mapping over a city ­ virtual stations and morphological indicators Surveillance et l'tude de la Pollution atmosphrique en Alsace), Schiltigheim, FRANCE Abstract Air quality

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

46

National Depression Screening Day: October 10th Come to National Depression Screening Day (NDSD) on Thursday, October 10th from  

E-print Network

Title: National Depression Screening Day: October 10th Text: Come to National Depression Screening a questionnaire which screens for depression, bipolar disorder, generalized anxiety disorder, and post. If necessary, appropriate referrals can be made, and participants may also find information on depression

Khan, Javed I.

47

G. Vlad 10th ITPA MHD Topical Group Meeting at IPP-Garching 10th -12th October 2007 1 Progress and plans for the  

E-print Network

G. Vlad 10th ITPA MHD Topical Group Meeting at IPP-Garching 10th -12th October 2007 1 Progress. Takechi (JT-60U) W.W. Heidbrink, M.A. Van Zeeland (DIII-D) #12;G. Vlad 10th ITPA MHD Topical Group Meeting at IPP-Garching 10th -12th October 2007 2 The HMGC code · Hybrid MHD-Gyrokinetic Code (HMGC): ­ thermal

Vlad, Gregorio

48

Self-generated alcohol outcomes in 8th and 10th graders: exposure to vicarious sources of alcohol information  

Microsoft Academic Search

The perceived positive and negative outcomes of alcohol use were studied in a sample of normal 8th and 10th grade students. Participants' responses provided associative frequency norms valuable for future research. Regression analyses showed (1) none of the individual-difference variables (alcohol use, exposure to vicarious sources of alcohol information, such as televised advertising, and demographics) predicted self-generated responses, and (2)

Jennifer B Zogg; Huiyan Ma; Clyde W Dent; Alan W Stacy

2004-01-01

49

Prevalence and Patterns of Polysubstance Use in a Nationally Representative Sample of 10th Graders in the United States  

PubMed Central

Purpose The current study examines the prevalence and demographic correlates of self-reported substance use and identifies subgroups of polysubstance users among a cohort of US 10th grade students. Methods A nationally representative school-based cohort of US 10th grade students completed the NEXT Generation Health Study baseline survey in the spring of 2010 (N = 2,524). Results Past-year use of marijuana was most common among illicit drugs (26%), followed by misuse of medication (9%) and use of other illicit drugs (8%). During the past month, alcohol use was reported by more than one-third (35%), binge drinking by 27%, and cigarette smoking by 19%. Results further show that substance use varied somewhat by demographic characteristics. Results from the latent class analysis of polysubstance use indicated a 4-class solution as the best-fitting model; Class 1 (59%) included the ‘non-user’ group; Class 2 (23%) comprised the ‘predominant alcohol user’ group; Class 3 (11%) formed the ‘predominant marijuana user’ group; Class 4 (8%) was characterized as the ‘predominant polysubstance user’ group. Somatic and depressive symptoms varied significantly by class membership, with predominant polysubstance users reporting elevated levels of somatic and depressive symptoms. Conclusions The findings from this national study of 10th-grade students indicate high rates of substance and polysubstance use. The high level of depressive and somatic symptoms among polysubstance users indicates the need for mental health screening and referral. PMID:23465320

Conway, Kevin P.; Vullo, Genevieve C.; Nichter, Brandon; Wang, Jing; Compton, Wilson M.; Iannotti, Ronald J.; Simons-Morton, Bruce

2013-01-01

50

June 9, 2010 NOTICE TO ALL NURSES & EMPLOYEES: REPORTING TO WORK ON JUNE 10TH  

E-print Network

June 9, 2010 NOTICE TO ALL NURSES & EMPLOYEES: REPORTING TO WORK ON JUNE 10TH All UC Davis Health System nurses and other employees who are scheduled to work on June 10th are expected to report to work.N.A. has called off its planned strike for June 10th . (The union may conduct rallies at UC facilities

Leistikow, Bruce N.

51

An analysis of women's ways of knowing in a 10th grade integrated science classroom  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

All students can learn science, but how they learn science may differ. This study is about learning science and its relationship to gender. Women need to develop and establish connections with the objects that they are learning and be able to establish a voice in a science classroom. Unfortunately, traditional science classrooms still view science as a male domain and tend to discourage women from pursuing higher levels of science or science related careers. The ways that women learn science are a very complex set of interactions. In order to describe these interactions, this study explored how women's ways of knowing are represented in a high school science classroom. Nine women from an enriched integrated biology and earth science class contributed to this study. The women contributed to this study by participating in individual and group interviews, questionnaires, journals, observations and participant review of the interviews. The ways that these women learn science were described in terms of Belenky, Clinchy, Goldberger, and Tarule's Women's Ways of Knowing: The Development of Self, Voice, and Mind (1997). The women's ways of learning in this classroom tended to be situational with the women fitting different categories of knowing depending on the situation. Most of the women demonstrated periods of time where they wanted to be heard or tried to establish a voice in the classroom. The study helps to provide a theory for how women make choices in their learning of science and the struggle to be successful in a male dominated discipline. The women participating in this study gained an awareness of how they learn science and how that can be used to make them even more successful in the classroom. The awareness of how women learn science will also be of great benefit to other teachers and educators as the work for science reform continues to make science a 'science for all'.

Kochheiser, Karen Lynn

52

General Shop Competencies in Vocational Agriculture for 9th and 10th Grade Classes.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The document presents unit plans which offer list of experiences and competencies to be learned for general shop occupations in vocational agriculture. The units include: (1) arc welding, (2) oxy-acetylene welding, (3) flat concrete, (4) concrete block, (5) lumber patterns and wood building materials, (6) metal fasteners, (7) wood adhesives, (8)…

Novotny, Ronald; And Others

53

Influencers of Academic Effort: A Quantitative Study of 10th Grade Students  

E-print Network

from the survey items available on the Base Year 2002 Student Questionnaire designed and administered by the National Center for Educational Statistics as part of the Educational Longitudinal Study of 2002. The sample population included 15,325 tenth...

Poenitzsch, Nicole L

2013-12-05

54

Interests of 5th through 10th Grade Students toward Human Biology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated the middle and high school students' interests towards the subjects of human biology, specifically, "Human Health and Nutrition" and "Human Body and Organs." The study also investigated sources of their interests and factors that impact their interests, namely people that they interact and courses that they take about…

Erten, Sinan

2008-01-01

55

SIGMOD 2008 Tutorial, June 10th Copyright 2008 Joseph A. Konstan 1  

E-print Network

SIGMOD 2008 Tutorial, June 10th , 2008 Copyright © 2008 Joseph A. Konstan 1 Introduction: ­ Where you are from ­ Your experience with recommenders ­ What you want to get out of this tutorial A Bit;SIGMOD 2008 Tutorial, June 10th , 2008 Copyright © 2008 Joseph A. Konstan 2 A Bit of History · Ants

Minnesota, University of

56

10th Chinese Internet Research Conference Social Media, Digital Entertainment, Governance & Public Movements  

E-print Network

10th Chinese Internet Research Conference Social Media, Digital Entertainment, Governance & Public Movements Elisa Oreglia |elisa@ischool.berkeley.edu School of Information, University of California, Berkeley The Sent-Down Internet: Going Online

Militzer, Burkhard

57

Digital & mobile Newsletters RSS Classifieds Help Thursday March 10th 2011  

E-print Network

#12;#12;Digital & mobile Newsletters RSS Classifieds Help Search Thursday March 10th 2011 Home the electrical storm that occurs in the brain of an epileptic patient could watch seizures unfold in real time

Rogers, John A.

58

Proceedings of the 10th meeting of the international collaboration on advanced neutron sources  

SciTech Connect

This report contains papers from the 10th meeting of the International Collaboration on Advanced Neutron Sources. Two general types of workshops are discussed, instrument and target-station. Individual papers are indexed separately elsewhere. (LSP)

Hyer, D.K. (comp. and ed.)

1989-03-01

59

Limitations of Community College Benchmarking and Benchmarks  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This chapter distinguishes between benchmarks and benchmarking, describes a number of data and cultural limitations to benchmarking projects, and suggests that external demands for accountability are the dominant reason for growing interest in benchmarking among community colleges.

Bers, Trudy H.

2006-01-01

60

Proceedings 10th International Workshop on Parallel and Distributed Methods in verifiCation  

E-print Network

This volume contains the proceedings of the 10th International Workshop on Parallel and Distributed Methods in verifiCation (PDMC 2011) that took place in Snowbird, Utah, on July 14, 2011. The workshop was co-located with 23rd International Conference on Computer Aided Verification (CAV 2011). The PDMC workshop series covers all aspects related to the verification and analysis of very large and complex systems using, in particular, methods and techniques that exploit contemporary, hence parallel, hardware architectures. To celebrate the 10th anniversary of PDMC, the workshop consisted of a half day invited session together and a half day session of regular contributed presentations.

Barnat, Ji?í

2011-01-01

61

Special Report to the U.S. Congress on10th Alcohol and Health  

E-print Network

#12;Special Report to the U.S. Congress on10th Alcohol and Health H I G H L I G H T S F R O M C U R . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .28 Understanding the Age Progression of Alcohol Involvement in Childhood and Later Life . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .63 i #12;Tenth Special Report to Congress on Alcohol and Health Chapter 2: Alcohol and the Brain

Bezrukov, Sergey M.

62

Mental Retardation: Definition, Classification, and Systems of Supports. 10th Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This manual, the 10th edition of a regularly published definition and classification work on mental retardation, presents five key assumptions upon which the definition of mental retardation is based and a theoretical model of five essential dimensions that explain mental retardation and how to use the companion system. These dimensions include…

Luckasson, Ruth; Borthwick-Duffy, Sharon; Buntinx, Wil H. E.; Coulter, David L.; Craig, Ellis M.; Reeve, Alya; Schalock, Robert L.; Snell, Martha E.; Spitalnik, Deborah M.; Spreat, Scott; Tasse, Marc J.

63

Thamm, Ludwig & Reuter Process Model for Unmanned Aerial Systems (UAS) Proceedings of the 10th  

E-print Network

Thamm, Ludwig & Reuter Process Model for Unmanned Aerial Systems (UAS) Proceedings of the 10th. Geldermann and T. Müller, eds. 1 Design of a Process Model for Unmanned Aerial Systems (UAS) in Emergencies are usually not available. Unmanned Aerial Systems (UAS), commonly known as drones, are aircrafts without

64

The 8th-10 th January 2009 snowfalls: a case of Mediterranean warm advection event  

Microsoft Academic Search

From 8 th to 10 th of January 2009, significant snowfalls were reported in many areas of the Iberian Peninsula and the Balearic Islands. This relevant event was very important from the meteorological and social impact point of views. The snow affected many zones, especially the regions of Madrid, Castilla & León and Castilla-La Mancha (Spanish central plateau) with the

F. Aguado; E. Ayensa; M. Barriga; J. Del Hoyo; A. Fernández; N. Garrido; A. Martín; F. Martín; I. Martínez Roa A; R. Pascual

2009-01-01

65

Special Issue Papers presented at the 10th International Conference on Chemometrics in Analytical Chemistry  

E-print Network

Special Issue Papers presented at the 10th International Conference on Chemometrics in Analytical chromatography J.M. Bermúdez-Saldaña, L. Escuder-Gilabert, R.M. Villanueva-Camañas, M.J. Medina-Hernández and S) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 98 Multivariate near infrared spectroscopy models for predicting methanol and water content

Ferreira, Márcia M. C.

66

Year: 2013-2014 Deadline: 5:00pm April 10th, 2013  

E-print Network

and services offered by student clubs, organizations, societies, and other groups are open to all membersYear: 2013-2014 Deadline: 5:00pm April 10th, 2013 Email: Student_Council@poly.edu Student Council Nominee Application Packet #12;1 Purpose of the Student Council: Assure that all events, programs

Aronov, Boris

67

State Education & Environment Roundtable (SEER) Seminar (10th, Annapolis, Maryland, December 3-7, 2000).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document reports on the 10th seminar of the State Education and Environment Roundtable (SEER). It consists of brief overviews of the daily discussions and presentations that were made at the seminar. Topics discussed include measuring success through student assessment, the Bay Schools Project (BSP), and a co-sponsored educational forum with…

Lieberman, Gerald A.; Hoody, Linda L.

68

Thinking Ahead on International Trade (TAIT) Conference Draft, 10th September 2009  

E-print Network

Division of the Secretariat of the World Trade Organization. Held at the WTO, 17-18 September 2009 #12Thinking Ahead on International Trade (TAIT) Conference Draft, 10th September 2009 Why not in the WTO? The erosion of WTO centricity in trade liberalisation1 Richard Baldwin and Theresa Carpenter

Sussex, University of

69

Reuter Power Outage Communications: Needs, Infrastructures, Concepts Proceedings of the 10th  

E-print Network

the occurrence of power outages is a growing problem (Birkmann et al., 2010). This does not only concernReuter Power Outage Communications: Needs, Infrastructures, Concepts Proceedings of the 10th. Geldermann and T. Müller, eds. 1 Power Outage Communications: Survey of Needs, Infrastructures and Concepts

70

County Data Book, 2000: Kentucky Kids Count. 10th Annual Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This 10th annual Kids Count data book reports on trends in the well-being of Kentucky's children. The statistical portrait is based on indicators in the areas of well being, child risk factors, and demography. The indicators are as follows: (1) healthy births, including birth weights and prenatal care; (2) maternal risk characteristics, including…

Albright, Danielle; Hall, Douglas; Mellick, Donna; Miller, Debra; Town, Jackie

71

AGI 2012 Tutorial 10th Dec 2012 How can a planet (or a dust cloud) produce  

E-print Network

AGI 2012 Tutorial 10th Dec 2012 How can a planet (or a dust cloud) produce Microbes, Minds, Mathematics, Music, Marmite (along with murder, religious bigotry, and other nastiness). An introduction to understand human minds. 48 14 Understanding possibilities and necessities is initially more important than

Sloman, Aaron

72

MIT Plasma Fusion Sciences Center IAP Seminar! Jan 10th, 2012!  

E-print Network

MIT Plasma Fusion Sciences Center IAP Seminar! Jan 10th, 2012! ! ! ! ! ! Otto Landen! Associate the auspices of the U.S. Department of Energy by Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory under Contract DE-AC52-07NA27344 Inertial Confinement Fusion Physics and Challenges*! #12;The NIF ignition experiments

73

From the corner of N. 10th St. and W. O'Neill ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

From the corner of N. 10th St. and W. O'Neill Ave. Looking west. Housing # 157-162 are on the right, building 156 is straight ahead, and buildings 153, 152, 116, and 115 are to the left. The golf course is directly west of these buildings. - Fitzsimons General Hospital, Bounded by East Colfax to south, Peoria Street to west, Denver City/County & Adams County Line to north, & U.S. Route 255 to east, Aurora, Adams County, CO

74

facebook.com/MTasmsu montana.edu/asmsu April 10th -12th 6:30 PM  

E-print Network

facebook.com/MTasmsu montana.edu/asmsu April 10th - 12th 6:30 PM April 13th 12:30 PM April 10th. For more info, visit the Campus Entertainment facebook page at: facebook.com/asmsuce 04/09 - 04/15 #12;

Maxwell, Bruce D.

75

Film Study Course, Tenth Grade.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Part of a language arts program developed under an ESEA Title 3 grant, this curriculum guide for film study in the 10th grade is intended to help students (1) view films more critically, (2) understand the procedures of film making, and (3) appreciate the film as a work of art. Nine films are recommended for viewing, and sample lessons, including…

Ziegler, Fred H.; Schulz, H. James

76

Sequenced Benchmarks for K-8 Science.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document describes science benchmarks for grades K-8 in Earth and Space Science, Life Science, and Physical Science. Each subject area is divided into topics followed by a short content description and grade level information. Source documents for this paper included science content guides from California, Ohio, South Carolina, and South…

Kendall, John S.; DeFrees, Keri L.; Richardson, Amy

77

Final Report 10th Conference on the Intersections of Particle and Nuclear Physics  

SciTech Connect

The 10th Conference on the Intersections of Particle and Nuclear Physics was held in LaJolla, California on May 26 to May 31, 2009. The Conference Proceedings are published by the American Institute of Physics in Volume 1182 of the AIP Conference Proceedings (ISBN: 978-0-7354-0723-7). The Proceedings include papers from each of the Conference Presenters and a detailed schedule of talks at the Conference. The Table of Contents of the Conference Proceedings is available at http://scitation.aip.org/content/aip/proceeding/aipcp/1182. Support by the U.S. Department of Energy and by DOE Laboratories was essential to the success of the Conference.

Marshak, Marvin L. [University of Minnesota] [University of Minnesota

2013-11-03

78

Benchmark Glaciers  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The United States Geological Survey (USGS) operates a long-term "benchmark" glacier program to intensively monitor climate, glacier motion, glacier mass balance, glacier geometry, and stream runoff at a few select sites. The data collected are used to understand glacier-related hydrologic processes and improve the quantitative prediction of water resources, glacier-related hazards, and the consequences of climate change. This page presents some of the balance, runoff, and temperature data for three glaciers: Gulkana, South Cascade and Wolverine. Reports for each of these glaciers uses the collected data to draw many conclusions. There is also a section with common questions and myths about glaciers.

79

Updating the ACT College Readiness Benchmarks. ACT Research Report Series 2013 (6)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The ACT College Readiness Benchmarks are the ACT® College Readiness Assessment scores associated with a 50% chance of earning a B or higher grade in typical first-year credit-bearing college courses. The Benchmarks also correspond to an approximate 75% chance of earning a C or higher grade in these courses. There are four Benchmarks, corresponding…

Allen, Jeff

2013-01-01

80

A Learning Progression for Deepening Students' Understandings of Modern Genetics across the 5th-10th Grades  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Over the past several decades, there has been a tremendous growth in our understanding of genetic phenomena and the intricate and complicated mechanisms that mediate genetic effects. Given the complexity of content in modern genetics and the inadequacy of current instructional methods and materials it seems that a more coherent and extensive…

Duncan, Ravit Golan; Rogat, Aaron D.; Yarden, Anat

2009-01-01

81

The Effectiveness of Teaching 10th-Grade Students STOP, AIMS, and DARE for Planning and Drafting Persuasive Text  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Explicitly and systematically teaching strategies for planning and drafting specific types of text has improved the writing of elementary and middle school students with disabilities in previous studies. In this investigation, we examined the effect of teaching a planning and drafting strategy for persuasive writing to high school students with…

Kiuhara, Sharlene A.; O'Neill, Robert E.; Hawken, Leanne S.; Graham, Steve

2012-01-01

82

A Cross-Analysis of the Mathematics Teacher's Activity: An Example in a French 10th-Grade Class  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this paper is to contribute to the debate about how to tackle the issue of "the teacher in the teaching/learning process", and to propose a methodology for analysing the teacher's activity in the classroom, based on concepts used in the fields of the didactics of mathematics as well as in cognitive ergonomics. This methodology…

Robert, Aline; Rogalski, Janine

2005-01-01

83

The Impact of the Early College High School Model on Core 9th and 10th Grade Student Outcomes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To address concerns about low graduation rates and a lack of workforce readiness, states and districts have been experimenting with different models of high school reform. One of the most popular models has been the Early College High School (ECHS) model, small schools that blur the line between high school and college. Since 2002, over 200 ECHSs…

Edmunds, Julie A.; Bernstein, Lawrence; Unlu, Fatih; Glennie, Elizabeth; Arshavsky, Nina

2011-01-01

84

10TH INTERNATIONAL SYMPOSIUM ON PARTICLE IMAGE VELOCIMETRY -PIV13 Delft, The Netherlands, July 1-3, 2013  

E-print Network

10TH INTERNATIONAL SYMPOSIUM ON PARTICLE IMAGE VELOCIMETRY - PIV13 Delft, The Netherlands, July 1 the authors introduce the Tomographic Particle Image Velocimetry (TomoPIV) measurement technique. Their work

Boyer, Edmond

85

In Tumer, Yolum, Sonenberg, Stone, editors, Proc. 10th Int. Conf. Autonomous Agents and Multiagent Systems, pp. 769776, IFAAMAS, 2011.  

E-print Network

In Tumer, Yolum, Sonenberg, Stone, editors, Proc. 10th Int. Conf. Autonomous Agents and Multiagent Agents and Multiagent Systems (AAMAS 2011), Tumer, Yolum, Sonenberg and Stone (eds.), May, 2--6, 2011

Stone, Peter

86

Benchmarking in Student Affairs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the use of benchmarking in student affairs, focusing on issues related to student housing. Provides examples of how benchmarking has influenced administrative practice at many institutions. (EV)

Mosier, Robert E.; Schwarzmueller, Gary J.

2002-01-01

87

Tuskegee Bioethics Center 10th anniversary presentation: "Commemorating 10 years: ethical perspectives on origin and destiny".  

PubMed

More than 70 years have passed since the beginning of the Public Health Service syphilis study in Tuskegee, Alabama, and it has been over a decade since President Bill Clinton formally apologized for it and held a ceremony for the Tuskegee study participants. The official launching of the Tuskegee University National Center for Bioethics in Research and Health Care took place two years after President Clinton's apology. How might we fittingly discuss the Center's 10th Anniversary and the topic 'Commemorating 10 Years: Ethical Perspectives on Origin and Destiny'? Over a decade ago, a series of writers, many of them African Americans, wrote a text entitled 'African-American Perspectives on Biomedical Ethics'; their text was partly responsible for a prolonged reflection by others to produce a subsequent work, 'African American Bioethics: Culture, Race and Identity'. What is the relationship between the discipline of bioethics and African American culture? This and related questions are explored in this commentary. PMID:20675942

Prograis, Lawrence J

2010-08-01

88

Space Commerce 1994 Forum: The 10th National Space Symposium. Proceedings report  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The theme of the 10th National Space Symposium was 'New Windows of Opportunity'. These proceedings cover the following: Business Trends in High Tech Commercialization; How to Succeed in Space Technology Business -- Making Dollars and Sense; Obstacles and Opportunities to Success in Technology Commercialization NASA's Commercial Technology Mission -- a New Way of Doing Business: Policy and Practices; Field Center Practices; Practices in Action -- A New Way: Implementation and Business Opportunities; Space Commerce Review; Windows of Opportunity; the International Space Station; Space Support Forum; Spacelift Update; Competitive Launch Capabilities; Supporting Life on Planet Earth; National Security Space Issues; NASA in the Balance; Earth and Space Observations -- Did We Have Cousins on Mars?; NASA: A New Vision for Science; and Space Technology Hall of Fame.

Lipskin, Beth Ann (editor); Patterson, Sara (editor); Aragon, Larry (editor); Brescia, David A. (editor); Flannery, Jack (editor); Mossey, Roberty (editor); Regan, Christopher (editor); Steeby, Kurt (editor); Suhr, Stacy (editor); Zimkas, Chuck (editor)

1994-01-01

89

BENCHMARK TESTING A.1 Benchmark Testing Design  

E-print Network

of various degrees of speci city (e.g., Arti cial Intelligence vs. Natural Language Processing) and di erent173 Appendix A BENCHMARK TESTING A.1 Benchmark Testing Design We rst performed a benchmark testing, were: (1-term: Natural Language Processing), (2-terms: Group Decision Support Systems, Collaboration

90

BENCHMARK TESTING A.1 Benchmark Testing Design  

E-print Network

consisted of terms of various degrees of specificity (e.g., Artificial Intelligence vs. Natural Language173 Appendix A BENCHMARK TESTING A.1 Benchmark Testing Design We first performed a benchmark in the computing area, were: (1­term: Natural Language Processing), (2­terms: Group Decision Support Systems

91

Benchmarking and Performance Measurement.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper defines benchmarking and its relationship to quality management, describes a project which applied the technique in a library context, and explores the relationship between performance measurement and benchmarking. Numerous benchmarking methods contain similar elements: deciding what to benchmark; identifying partners; gathering…

Town, J. Stephen

92

The 8th-10 th January 2009 snowfalls: a case of Mediterranean warm advection event  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

From 8 th to 10 th of January 2009, significant snowfalls were reported in many areas of the Iberian Peninsula and the Balearic Islands. This relevant event was very important from the meteorological and social impact point of views. The snow affected many zones, especially the regions of Madrid, Castilla & León and Castilla-La Mancha (Spanish central plateau) with the persistence and thickness of solid precipitation. Up to twenty-five centimetres of snow were reported in some places. On 9th of January the snowfalls caused great social and media impact due to the fact that they took place in the early hours in the Madrid metropolitan areas, affecting both air traffic and land transport. The "Madrid-Barajas" airport was closed and the city was collapsed during several hours. A study of this situation appears in the poster. The snowstorm was characterized by the previous irruption of an European continental polar air mass, that subsequently interacted with a wet and warm air mass of Mediterranean origin, all preceded by low level easterly flows. This type of snowfall is called "warm advection". These winter situations are very efficient from precipitation point of view, generating significant snowfalls and affecting a lot of areas.

Aguado, F.; Ayensa, E.; Barriga, M.; Del Hoyo, J.; Fernández, A.; Garrido, N.; Martín, A.; Martín, F.; Roa, I. Martínez, A.; Pascual, R.

2009-09-01

93

FOREWORD: 10th Anglo-French Physical Acoustics Conference (AFPAC 2011)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Anglo-French Physical Acoustics Conference (AFPAC) had its 10th annual meeting in Villa Clythia, Fréjus, France, from 19-21 January 2011. This series of meetings is a collaboration between the Physical Acoustics Group (PAG) of the Institute of Physics and the Groupe d'Acoustique Physique, Sous-marine et UltraSonore (GAPSUS) of the Société Française d'Acoustique. The conference has its loyal supporters whom we wish to thank. It is their loyalty that has made this conference a success. AFPAC alternates between the UK and France and its format has been designed to ensure that it remains a friendly meeting of very high scientific quality, offering a broad spectrum of subjects, welcoming young researchers and PhD students and giving them the opportunity to give their first presentations in an 'international' conference, but with limited pressure. For the third consecutive year AFPAC is followed by the publication of its proceedings in the form of 18 peer-reviewed papers, which cover the most recent research developments in the field of Physical Acoustics in the UK and France. Alain Lhémery CEA, France Nader Saffari UCL, United Kingdom

Lhémery, Alain; Saffari, Nader

2012-03-01

94

10th âÂÂplanetâ discovery creates excitement and debate  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Bid to solve dispute over planetshttp://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/science/nature/4273424.stmâÂÂ10thâ Planet has moon companionhttp://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/science/nature/4304048.stmInformation on the telescope used to discover Xena and Gabriellehttp://www.astro.caltech.edu/palomarnew/sot.htmlDiscovery of XenaâÂÂs moonhttp://www.gps.caltech.edu/~mbrown/planetlila/moon/index.htmlDiscovery of 2003 UB313 the 10th Planethttp://www.gps.caltech.edu/~mbrown/planetlila/International Astronomical Unionhttp://www.iau.orgKuiper Belt pagehttp://www.ifa.hawaii.edu/faculty/jewitt/kb.htmlThe newly discovered âÂÂplanetâ 2003 UB313, otherwise known as Xena, now has a companion in the solar system. Originally spotted in 2003, Xena was not officially announced until July of 2005. On the heels of the publication of XenaâÂÂs existence, comes the revelation that Xena has a moon, named Gabrielle. The names Xena and Gabrielle are only temporary, used by some astronomers because they are simpler to remember than names such as 2003 UB313. To decide the official name, the International Astronomical Union (IAU) must first decide if Xena is in fact a planet, then they will decide if the discoverersâ proposed name will be used. The astronomers who discovered both Xena and Gabrielle cannot reveal their proposed name, so until then the nicknames will have to suffice. Xena was found in the Kuiper Belt, which is a huge region of icy planetary bodies that orbit beyond Neptune in the distant region of the solar system. The discovery of this new planet and its moon has reignited the debate about what properties an object must possess in order to be classed as a planet. Prior to this newest discovery, PlutoâÂÂs status as a planet was already in question by some astronomers. But while Pluto rests on 100 years of history as a planet, newly discovered bodies are not so easily defined. Until the IAU can agree on a definition of a planet, Pluto will continue to hang on tenuously to its status as one of nine planets, and its mnemonic device, My Very Excellent Mother Just Sent Us Nine Pizzas, will remain as well. While the public awaits the final definition of what constitutes a planet, both school children and adults alike can rest easy and will not yet have to ponder what else our excellent mother will send us.The first link takes users to the announcement of the discovery of Xena in August made in the Yale Daily News. The second link takes the user to an article from the BBC further discussing the planetary debate. The third link is a BBC article that includes this weekâÂÂs announcement about XenaâÂÂs moon. For further knowledge about the astronomers and telescope involved with these two discoveries, among others, the fourth link will take the user to their website. The fifth and sixth link will take the user directly to the discovering astronomersâ website for the announcements about the new moon, Xena, and information on the progress of the IAU. If you are interested in the IAU, the seventh link will take you to their website. And finally the last link will take you to a website dedicated to providing more information on the Kuiper Belt and the icy bodies that make up this far region of our solar system.

2005-01-01

95

Report: Combustion Byproducts and Their Health Effects: Summary of the 10th International Congress  

PubMed Central

Abstract The 10th International Congress on Combustion Byproducts and their Health Effects was held in Ischia, Italy, from June 17–20, 2007. It is sponsored by the US NIEHS, NSF, Coalition for Responsible Waste Incineration (CRWI), and Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI). The congress focused on: the origin, characterization, and health impacts of combustion-generated fine and ultrafine particles; emissions of mercury and dioxins, and the development/application of novel analytical/diagnostic tools. The consensus of the discussion was that particle-associated organics, metals, and persistent free radicals (PFRs) produced by combustion sources are the likely source of the observed health impacts of airborne PM rather than simple physical irritation of the particles. Ultrafine particle-induced oxidative stress is a likely progenitor of the observed health impacts, but important biological and chemical details and possible catalytic cycles remain unresolved. Other key conclusions were: (1) In urban settings, 70% of airborne fine particles are a result of combustion emissions and 50% are due to primary emissions from combustion sources, (2) In addition to soot, combustion produces one, possibly two, classes of nanoparticles with mean diameters of?~10?nm and?~1?nm. (3) The most common metrics used to describe particle toxicity, viz. surface area, sulfate concentration, total carbon, and organic carbon, cannot fully explain observed health impacts, (4) Metals contained in combustion-generated ultrafine and fine particles mediate formation of toxic air pollutants such as PCDD/F and PFRs. (5) The combination of metal-containing nanoparticles, organic carbon compounds, and PFRs can lead to a cycle generating oxidative stress in exposed organisms. PMID:22476005

Dellinger, Barry; D'Alessio, Antonio; D'Anna, Andrea; Ciajolo, Anna; Gullett, Brian; Henry, Heather; Keener, Mel; Lighty, JoAnn; Lomnicki, Slawomir; Lucas, Donald; Oberdorster, Gunter; Pitea, Demetrio; Suk, William; Sarofim, Adel; Smith, Kirk R.; Stoeger, Tobias; Tolbert, Paige; Wyzga, Ron; Zimmermann, Ralf

2008-01-01

96

pET System Manual TB055 10th Edition 0702 1United States & Canada 800-207-0144  

E-print Network

pET System Manual TB055 10th Edition 0702 1United States & Canada 800-207-0144 Germany 0800 6931 of the pET Manual was published July, 2002. Novagen is continually expanding and upgrading the pET System. Please check the Novagen website, www.novagen.com, for updated pET System Manual information. Table

Lebendiker, Mario

97

Sat 10th and Sun 11th September, 10am -4pm Sports Hall University of Bradford Campus  

E-print Network

SCIENCE IN ACTION FREE Sat 10th and Sun 11th September, 10am - 4pm Sports Hall University' COURT ALHAMBRA THEATRE QUEENS HALL GLYDEGATE SQUARE BRADFORD COLLEGE CENTRAL LIBRARYICE RINK COLOUR MUSEUM NATIONAL MEDIA MUSEUM PO GREAT HORTON ROAD CARLTO N STREET O RLEY STREET CHEST ER ST WILTON STREET

Zharkova, Valentina V.

98

The 10th International Symposium on Computer Applications in Biotechnology (CAB) and the 8th International Symposium on  

E-print Network

Editorial The 10th International Symposium on Computer Applications in Biotechnology (CAB) and the 8th International Symposium on Dynamics and Control of Process Systems (DYCOPS) were held on June 4-6 (CAB) and 6-8 (DYCOPS) in Cancun, Mexico. The CAB main topics were systems biology, metabolic

Foss, Bjarne A.

99

AIC Colour 05 -10th Congress of the International Colour Association The 3D Color Printer Explorer  

E-print Network

AIC Colour 05 - 10th Congress of the International Colour Association 1175 The 3D Color Printer describe here the main features of the 3D Color Printer Explorer, an interactive visual evaluation system have designed and implemented a new software tool, which we have called the 3D Color Printer Explorer

Schettini, Raimondo

100

USENIX Association 10th International Conference on Autonomic Computing (ICAC '13) 69 AGILE: elastic distributed resource scaling  

E-print Network

: AGILE, a practical elastic distributed resource scaling system for IaaS cloud infrastructures. Figure 1USENIX Association 10th International Conference on Autonomic Computing (ICAC '13) 69 AGILE: elastic distributed resource scaling for Infrastructure-as-a-Service Hiep Nguyen, Zhiming Shen, Xiaohui Gu

Tomkins, Andrew

101

10th International Society for Music Information Retrieval Conference (ISMIR 2009) GENRE CLASSIFICATION USING HARMONY RULES INDUCED FROM  

E-print Network

10th International Society for Music Information Retrieval Conference (ISMIR 2009) GENRE Centre for Digital Music simon.dixon@elec.qmul.ac.uk ABSTRACT We present an automatic genre as audio data. We adopt a first-order logic representation of harmony and musical genres: pieces of music

Dixon, Simon

102

Proc. of the 10th Int. Conference on Digital Audio Effects (DAFx-07), Bordeaux, France, September 10-15, 2007  

E-print Network

that automatically detects music segments and predicts, with high precision, the percentage of time where musicProc. of the 10th Int. Conference on Digital Audio Effects (DAFx-07), Bordeaux, France, September 10-15, 2007 AUTOMATIC MUSIC DETECTION IN TELEVISION PRODUCTIONS Klaus Seyerlehner, Tim Pohle, Markus

Widmer, Gerhard

103

10th International Society for Music Information Retrieval Conference (ISMIR 2009) SUPPORTING FOLK-SONG RESEARCH BY AUTOMATIC METRIC  

E-print Network

nature of perception and the large variety of ways to represent and compare music in many "plausible10th International Society for Music Information Retrieval Conference (ISMIR 2009) SUPPORTING FOLK similarity measures and study the effect of different levels of adaptation on the performance

Veltkamp, Remco

104

Factory Flow Benchmarking Report  

E-print Network

LAI benchmarked representative part fabrications and some assembly operations within its member companies of the defense aircraft industry. This paper reports the results of this benchmarking effort. In addition, this ...

Shields, Thomas J.

105

Benchmarking for Higher Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The chapters in this collection explore the concept of benchmarking as it is being used and developed in higher education (HE). Case studies and reviews show how universities in the United Kingdom are using benchmarking to aid in self-regulation and self-improvement. The chapters are: (1) "Introduction to Benchmarking" (Norman Jackson and Helen…

Jackson, Norman, Ed.; Lund, Helen, Ed.

106

Detecting 1\\/10th scaled structures in dielectric media using monostatic X-band radar scattering measurements  

Microsoft Academic Search

Under the sponsorship of the U.S. Army's National Ground Intelligence Center (NGIC), researchers at U. Mass. Lowell's Submillimeter-Wave Technology Laboratory (STL) and Center for Electromagnetic Materials and Optical Systems (CEMOS) investigated the feasibility of detecting non-metallic structures embedded in various types of soil using a 1-GHz ground penetrating radar by establishing a 1\\/10th-scale laboratory environment with two spot-focusing X-band (10-

John D. Kekis; Markus E. Testorf; Michael A. Fiddy; Robert H. Giles

2000-01-01

107

Carpenter, Tractors and Microbes for the Development of Logical-Mathematical Thinking--The Way 10th Graders and Pre-Service Teachers Solve Thinking Challenges  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The objective of this case study was to investigate the ability of 10th graders and pre-service teachers to solve logical-mathematical thinking challenges. The challenges do not require mathematical knowledge beyond that of primary school but rather an informed use of the problem representation. The percentage of correct answers given by the 10th…

Gazit, Avikam

2012-01-01

108

10th International Conference Metrology and Properties of Engineering Surfaces Saint Etienne, 4-7 July 2005 CHARACTERIZATION OF ROAD MICROTEXTURE BY  

E-print Network

10th International Conference Metrology and Properties of Engineering Surfaces Saint Etienne, 4 International Conference Metrology and Properties of Engineering Surfaces, France (2005)" #12;10th International Conference Metrology and Properties of Engineering Surfaces Saint Etienne, 4-7 July 2005 2 1 Introduction

Boyer, Edmond

109

Grading Teachers' Grading Policies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Proposes guidelines for principals attempting to evaluate teachers' grading policies. Principals should understand teachers' perspectives, ask for copies of their grading policies, be wary of traits (like "effort") not measuring achievement, consider grading information quality, think about homework's role, expect teachers to use numbers and…

Friedman, Stephen J.

1998-01-01

110

Effects of Block Scheduling on Grade Point Averages.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated the effects of block scheduling on student learning. It compared the grade-point averages (GPAs) of one group of students during their 9th-grade year while under the traditional 7-period day to the GPAs of their 10th-grade year under the 4-by-4 block schedule. The text offers a history of block scheduling and lists some of…

Williams, Laura M.

111

Predicting Long-Term College Success through Degree Completion Using ACT[R] Composite Score, ACT Benchmarks, and High School Grade Point Average. ACT Research Report Series, 2012 (5)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study compared the effectiveness of ACT[R] Composite score and high school grade point average (HSGPA) for predicting long-term college success. Outcomes included annual progress towards a degree (based on cumulative credit-bearing hours earned), degree completion, and cumulative grade point average (GPA) at 150% of normal time to degree…

Radunzel, Justine; Noble, Julie

2012-01-01

112

Is the 10th and 11th Intercostal Space a Safe Approach for Percutaneous Nephrostomy and Nephrolithotomy?  

SciTech Connect

The aim of this study was to determine the rate of complications in percutaneous nephrostomy (PCN) and nephrolithotomy (PCNL) performed through the 11th and 10th intercostal spaces using our monitoring technique and to discuss the safety of the procedure. Out of 398 PCNs and PCNLs carried out during a 3-year period, 56 patients had 57 such procedures performed using an intercostal approach. The 11th intercostal route was used in 42 and the 10th in 15 cases. One patient had two separate nephrostomies performed through the 10th and 11th intercostal spaces. The technique utilizes bi-planar fluoroscopy with a combination of a conventional angiographic machine to provide anterior-posterior fluoroscopy and a C-arm mobile fluoroscopy machine to give a lateral view, displayed on two separate monitors. None of the patients had clinically significant thoracic or abdominal complications. Two patients had minor chest complications. Only one developed changes (plate atelectasis, elevation of the hemi-diaphragm) directly related to the nephrostomy (2%). The second patient had bilateral plate atelectasis and unilateral congestive lung changes after PCNL. These changes were not necessarily related to the procedure but rather to general anesthesia during nephrolithotomy. The authors consider PCN or PCNL through the intercostal approach a safe procedure with a negligible complication rate, provided that it is performed under bi-planar fluoroscopy, which allows determination of the skin entry point just below the level of pleural reflection and provides three-dimensional monitoring of advancement of the puncturing needle toward the target entry point.

Muzrakchi, Ahmed Al; Szmigielski, W., E-mail: wojszmi@qatar.net.qa; Omar, Ahmed J.S. [Hamad Medical Corporation, Department of Radiology (Qatar); Younes, Nagy M. [Hamad Medical Corporation, Urology Section (Qatar)

2004-09-15

113

Detecting 1\\/10th Scale Structures Embedded in Dielectric Media Using an X-Band Radar  

Microsoft Academic Search

Radar signatures of simulated ground terrain embedded with 1\\/10th scale anti-personnel mines were acquired at U.Mass. Lowell's Submillimeter-Wave Technology Laboratory (STL) using a free space measurement configuration designed to operate at frequencies of 8.2 to 12.4 GHz. To achieve these measurements,tow spot-focussing X-Band horn lens antennas,housed in an anechoic cham- ber,were integrated with an HP-8510B Network Analyzer. The plane wave

J. D. Kekis; R. H. Giles

114

Epilepsy Research Benchmarks Progress Report  

E-print Network

Epilepsy Research Benchmarks Progress Report 2007 ­ 2012 #12;i Epilepsy Research Benchmarks .................................................................................................................................................................................... 1 Benchmarks Area I - Prevent epilepsy and its progression.......................................................................................................................2 A. Identify as yet unrecognized causes of epilepsy (e.g., genetic, autoimmune and infectious

115

Benchmarking expert system tools  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

As part of its evaluation of new technologies, the Artificial Intelligence Section of the Mission Planning and Analysis Div. at NASA-Johnson has made timing tests of several expert system building tools. Among the production systems tested were Automated Reasoning Tool, several versions of OPS5, and CLIPS (C Language Integrated Production System), an expert system builder developed by the AI section. Also included in the test were a Zetalisp version of the benchmark along with four versions of the benchmark written in Knowledge Engineering Environment, an object oriented, frame based expert system tool. The benchmarks used for testing are studied.

Riley, Gary

1988-01-01

116

The Interpretations and Applications of Boethius's Introduction to the Arithmetic II,1 at the End of the 10th Century  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper deals with comments and glosses to the first chapter of the second book of Boethius's Introduction to Arithmetic from the last quarter of the 10th century. Those texts were written by Gerbert of Aurillac (Scholium ad Boethii Arithmeticam Institutionem l. II, c. 1), Abbo of Fleury (commentary on the Calculus by Victorius of Aquitaine, the so-called De numero, mensura et pondere), Notker of Liège (De superparticularibus) and by the anonymous author (De arithmetica Boetii). The main aim of this paper is to show that Boethius's statements about the converting numerical sequences to equality from this work could be interpreted minimally in two different ways. This paper discussed also the application of this topic in other liberal arts (like astronomy, music, grammar etc.) and in playing game called rithmomachia, the medieval philosophers' game.

Otisk, Marek

117

Shielding Benchmark Computational Analysis  

SciTech Connect

Over the past several decades, nuclear science has relied on experimental research to verify and validate information about shielding nuclear radiation for a variety of applications. These benchmarks are compared with results from computer code models and are useful for the development of more accurate cross-section libraries, computer code development of radiation transport modeling, and building accurate tests for miniature shielding mockups of new nuclear facilities. When documenting measurements, one must describe many parts of the experimental results to allow a complete computational analysis. Both old and new benchmark experiments, by any definition, must provide a sound basis for modeling more complex geometries required for quality assurance and cost savings in nuclear project development. Benchmarks may involve one or many materials and thicknesses, types of sources, and measurement techniques. In this paper the benchmark experiments of varying complexity are chosen to study the transport properties of some popular materials and thicknesses. These were analyzed using three-dimensional (3-D) models and continuous energy libraries of MCNP4B2, a Monte Carlo code developed at Los Alamos National Laboratory, New Mexico. A shielding benchmark library provided the experimental data and allowed a wide range of choices for source, geometry, and measurement data. The experimental data had often been used in previous analyses by reputable groups such as the Cross Section Evaluation Working Group (CSEWG) and the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development/Nuclear Energy Agency Nuclear Science Committee (OECD/NEANSC).

Hunter, H.T.; Slater, C.O.; Holland, L.B.; Tracz, G.; Marshall, W.J.; Parsons, J.L.

2000-09-17

118

The Effect of Benchmark Selection on the Assessed Quality of Writing.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to investigate whether the selection of benchmark writing samples influences the assessment of students' writing quality. More than 300 grade 3 writing samples were scored in two separate rating sessions. Within each scoring session, raters used a different set of benchmark writing samples. Raw ratings were analyzed…

Popp, Sharon E. Osborn; Ryan, Joseph M.

119

Randomized benchmarking with confidence  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Randomized benchmarking is a promising tool for characterizing the noise in experimental implementations of quantum systems. In this paper, we prove that the estimates produced by randomized benchmarking (both standard and interleaved) for arbitrary Markovian noise sources are remarkably precise by showing that the variance due to sampling random gate sequences is small. We discuss how to choose experimental parameters, in particular the number and lengths of random sequences, in order to characterize average gate errors with rigorous confidence bounds. We also show that randomized benchmarking can be used to reliably characterize time-dependent Markovian noise (e.g., when noise is due to a magnetic field with fluctuating strength). Moreover, we identify a necessary property for time-dependent noise that is violated by some sources of non-Markovian noise, which provides a test for non-Markovianity.

Wallman, Joel J.; Flammia, Steven T.

2014-10-01

120

Performance improvement through benchmarking  

SciTech Connect

Benchmarking has become very popular in the past few years, taking its place in the list of management tools alongside organizational restructuring, total quality management, process reengineering, and others as ways to make improvements to operational and financial performance. Yet much is misunderstood about the technique, and there is substantial room for improvement in its application across industry, and particularly within the utility industry. The purpose of this paper is to explain some of the details of benchmarking, including its capabilities and limitations, and demonstrate how different applications require different approaches to benchmarking. The intent is to provide a brief overview of the different potential uses, and then, through a case example, show how the different capabilities can be put to use.

Buckstaff, K. [Theodore Barry & Associates, Los Angeles, CA (United States)

1994-12-31

121

The Tibet Question. [10th Grade Lesson]. Schools of California Online Resources for Education (SCORE): Connecting California's Classrooms to the World.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this interdisciplinary curriculum unit, students examine and debate the relationship between China and Tibet. Students are expected to produce a mock television report covering topics related to the Tibet question, such as historical issues, the policies of the U.S., Chinese, and Tibetan governments, and human rights concerns. Students are…

La Porte, Mark

122

The Enlightenment Music Contract. 10th Grade Lesson. Schools of California Online Resources for Education (SCORE): Connecting California's Classrooms to the World.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The "philosophes" of the Enlightenment Period were a group of free (different) thinkers who offered commentary on societal issues. Often, they were like one of today's social commentators suggesting reforms for the political system. Since the United States during the era of the Revolutionary War was seeking reform of what they considered English…

Kelly, Freda

123

A Comparison Study of AVID and GEAR UP 10th-Grade Students in Two High Schools in the Rio Grande Valley of Texas  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines 4 groups of high school students enrolled in 2 college preparatory programs, AVID and GEAR UP. Differences in student educational aspirations, expectations and anticipations, knowledge of college entrance requirements, knowledge of financial aid, and academic achievement in mathematics were examined. Adelman's (1999)…

Watt, Karen M.; Huerta, Jeffery; Lozano, Aliber

2007-01-01

124

The impact of high-stakes, state-mandated student performance assessment on 10th grade English, mathematics, and science teachers' instructional practices  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to determine if the public release of student results on high-stakes, state-mandated performance assessments influence instructional practices, and if so in what manner. The research focused on changes in teachers' instructional practices and factors that may have influenced such changes since the public release of high-stakes, state-mandated student performance assessment scores. The data for

Kenneth E. Vogler

2000-01-01

125

Criterion-Related Validity of Curriculum-Based Measurement in Writing with Narrative and Expository Prompts Relative to Passage Copying Speed in 10th Grade Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We investigated the criterion-related validity of four indicators of curriculum-based measurement in writing (WCBM) when using expository versus narrative writing prompts as compared to the validity of passage copying speed. Specifically, we compared criterion-related validity of production-dependent (total words written, correct word sequences),…

Mercer, Sterett H.; Martinez, Rebecca S.; Faust, Dennis; Mitchell, Rachel R.

2012-01-01

126

Cooperative group research efforts in thoracic malignancies 2009: a review from the 10th Annual International Lung Cancer Congress.  

PubMed

Critical advances in the treatment of patients with lung cancer have occurred in the past few years. The cooperative groups in North America and internationally have played crucial roles in these advances. The leaders of the groups meet on a regular basis to review the progress of their trials. However, they rarely have a chance to discuss all ongoing and planned trials, except at the annual Lung Cancer Congress held each June. This article captures this exchange from the 10th Annual Lung Cancer Congress held in June 2009. Exciting efforts are ongoing for all stages of non-small-cell lung cancer, small-cell lung cancer, and mesothelioma. A major focus of the groups at this time is a push toward more personalized medicine, as reflected in the selection criteria for many of the trials, along with planned correlates to better define populations most likely to benefit. Agents targeting the vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) pathway, including many tyrosine kinase inhibitors against the VEGF receptor, and those targeting the epidermal growth factor receptor pathway, are under extensive development with many combination trials ongoing. PMID:19900856

Wakelee, Heather; Loo, Bill W; Kernstine, Kemp H; Putnam, Joe Bill; Edelman, Martin J; Vokes, Everett E; Schiller, Joan H; Baas, Paul; Saijo, Nagahiro; Adjei, Alex; Goss, Glenwood; Choy, Hak; Gandara, David R

2009-11-01

127

Report on the 10th anniversary of international drug discovery science and technology conference, 8 - 10 november 2012, nanjing, china.  

PubMed

The 10th Anniversary of International Drug Discovery Science and Technology (IDDST) Conference was held in Nanjing, China from 8 to 10 November 2012. The conference ran in parallel with the 2nd Annual Symposium of Drug Delivery Systems. Over 400 delegates from both conferences came together for the Opening Ceremony and Keynote Addresses but otherwise pursued separate paths in the huge facilities of the Nanjing International Expo Centre. The IDDST was arranged into 19 separate Chapters covering drug discovery biology, target validation, chemistry, rational drug design, pharmacology and toxicology, drug screening technology, 'omics' technologies, analytical, automation and enabling technologies, informatics, stem cells and regenerative medicine, bioprocessing, generics, biosimilars and biologicals and seven disease areas: cancer, CNS, respiratory and inflammation, autoimmune, emerging infectious, bone and orphan diseases. There were also two sessions of a 'Bench to Bedside to Business' Program and a Chinese Scientist programme. In each period of the IDDST conference, up to seven sessions were running in parallel. This Meeting Highlight samples just a fraction of the content of this large meeting. The talks included have as a link, the use of new approaches to drug discovery. Many other excellent talks could have been highlighted and the author has necessarily had to be selective. PMID:23339328

Everett, Jeremy R

2013-03-01

128

Benchmarking the World's Best  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A century ago, the United States was a world leader in industrial benchmarking. However, after World War II, once no one could compete with the U.S., it became complacent. Many industrialized countries now have higher student achievement and more equitable and efficient education systems. A higher proportion of young people in their workforces…

Tucker, Marc S.

2012-01-01

129

Accelerated Randomized Benchmarking  

E-print Network

Quantum information processing offers promising advances for a wide range of fields and applications, provided that we can efficiently assess the performance of the control applied in candidate systems. That is, we must be able to determine whether we have implemented a desired gate, and refine accordingly. Randomized benchmarking reduces the difficulty of this task by exploiting symmetries in quantum operations. Here, we bound the resources required for benchmarking and show that, with prior information, we can achieve several orders of magnitude better accuracy than in traditional approaches to benchmarking. Moreover, by building on state-of-the-art classical algorithms, we reach these accuracies with near-optimal resources. Our approach requires an order of magnitude less data to achieve the same accuracies and to provide online estimates of the errors in the reported fidelities. We also show that our approach is useful for physical devices by comparing to simulations. Our results thus enable the application of randomized benchmarking in new regimes, and dramatically reduce the experimental effort required to assess control fidelities in quantum systems. Finally, our work is based on open-source scientific libraries, and can readily be applied in systems of interest.

Christopher Granade; Christopher Ferrie; D. G. Cory

2014-04-21

130

Educational Benchmarks, 1996.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Southern Regional Education Board (SREB) monitors the South's education reforms through "Benchmarks" reports, tracking progress toward 12 goals for elementary, secondary, and higher education that were endorsed by the SREB in 1988. The board collects state-by-state data every 2 years and compares how states are doing on over 60 different…

Creech, Joseph D.

131

On Benchmarking Optical Flow  

Microsoft Academic Search

Evaluating the performance of optical flow algorithms has been difficult because of the lack of ground truth data sets for complex scenes. We present a new method for generating motion fields from real sequences containing polyhedral objects and present a test suite for benchmarking optical flow algorithms consisting of complex synthetic sequences and real scenes with ground truth. We provide

Brendan Mccane; Kevin Novins; D. Crannitch; Ben Galvin

2001-01-01

132

Benchmarks: WICHE Region 2012  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Benchmarks: WICHE Region 2012 presents information on the West's progress in improving access to, success in, and financing of higher education. The information is updated annually to monitor change over time and encourage its use as a tool for informed discussion in policy and education communities. To establish a general context for the…

Western Interstate Commission for Higher Education, 2013

2013-01-01

133

Benchmarking firm performance  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The aim of the paper is to provide a framework for benchmarking firm performance (profitability) using panel data. Further, to illustrate how the estimation results can be used for simulation (what if?) exercises. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The authors apply the econometric techniques used in panel data to estimate profit functions, thereby enabling us to compute measures of firm efficiencies

Peter Dawkins; Simon Feeny; Mark N. Harris

2007-01-01

134

10th International Conference on Chemometrics in Analytical Chemistry OP27 Literature and Internet Database Mining in a Study About the  

E-print Network

10th International Conference on Chemometrics in Analytical Chemistry OP27 Literature and Internet in national languages as well as in English. The third internet surfing (Google) was directed to determine in Europe that depend on several items and not only on language groups (Germanic, Romance, Slavic, Baltic

Ferreira, Márcia M. C.

135

In Proceedings of 10th ESA Workshop on Advanced Space Technologies for Robotics and Automation (ASTRA 2008), 11-13 November 2008, Noordwijk, The Netherlands  

E-print Network

In Proceedings of 10th ESA Workshop on Advanced Space Technologies for Robotics and Automation) (1) Adaptive Behaviour and Cognition Research Group - School of Computing, Communications autonomous tasks in challenging planetary terrain environments. The simulation model of the robot and of Mars

Cangelosi, Angelo

136

Advances in Classification Research. Volume 10. Proceedings of the ASIS SIG/CR Classification Research Workshop (10th, Washington, DC, November 1-5, 1999). ASIST Monograph Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This volume is a compilation of the papers presented at the 10th ASIS (American Society for Information Science) workshop on classification research. Major themes include the social and cultural informatics of classification and coding systems, subject access and indexing theory, genre analysis and the agency of documents in the ordering of…

Albrechtsen, Hanne, Ed.; Mai, Jens-Erik, Ed.

137

18 Abstracts, 10th Nottingham International Breast Cancer Conference, 18-20 September 2007 O-56 Quality assurance issues in breast cancer  

E-print Network

18 Abstracts, 10th Nottingham International Breast Cancer Conference, 18-20 September 2007 O-56 Quality assurance issues in breast cancer pathology: a New Zealand teaching hospital experience G of breast cancer pathology in the context of aiming to deliver a quality service in a public sector hospital

Aickelin, Uwe

138

Proceedings of the 10th International Conference on Computer Supported Cooperative Work in Design 1-4244-0165-8/06/$20.00 2006 IEEE.  

E-print Network

insights about workspace collaboration, not cov- ered by other evaluation methods [1]. The advantagesProceedings of the 10th International Conference on Computer Supported Cooperative Work in Design 1-4244-0165-8/06/$20.00 ©2006 IEEE. Quantitative Evaluation of Workspace Collaboration Antonio Ferreira, Pedro Antunes

Antunes, Pedro

139

The quantitative visualisation of the flow in a 1\\/10th scale model thrust reverser at the Aircraft Research Association, Bedford  

Microsoft Academic Search

A series of laser visualization measurements has been made to both visualize and map the velocity and direction of the transonic flow from a 1\\/10th scale model of a thrust reverser. The measurements which have been made by injecting micron sized water droplets into the flow, used two techniques to provide a quantitative measurement of the flow field. The first

P. Bryanston-Cross; R. Sale

1992-01-01

140

The 10th International Symposium on Virtual Reality, Archaeology and Cultural Heritage VAST (2009) Short and Project Papers K. Debattista, C. Perlingieri, D. Pitzalis, and S. Spina (Editors)  

E-print Network

The 10th International Symposium on Virtual Reality, Archaeology and Cultural Heritage VAST (2009-Based Identification/Search for Archaeology S. Marchand1 , P. Desbarats1 , A. Vialard1 , F. Bechtel2 , A. Ben Amara2 (Image-Based Identification/Search for Archaeology) is a research project supported by the French CNRS

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

141

Randomized Benchmarking with Confidence  

E-print Network

Randomized benchmarking is a promising tool for characterizing the noise in experimental implementations of quantum systems. In this paper, we prove that the estimates produced by randomized benchmarking (both standard and interleaved) for arbitrary Markovian noise sources are remarkably precise by showing that the variance of the underlying distribution is small. In particular, we prove that the variance for arbitrary $d$-level systems decreases exponentially in the sequence length to a small constant (that is zero for unital noise), and moreover, the variance is bounded by the error rate for short sequences. In the special case of a single qubit, we prove that the variance scales with the square of the product of the sequence length and the error rate for the regimes currently being investigated experimentally. We also show that randomized benchmarking can be used to reliably characterize the time-dependent average gate fidelity and diamond distance for Markovian noise (which characterize the average and worst-case error rates, respectively), provided the noise is sufficiently close to gate-independent at each time step, and we provide a quantitative condition for stability with respect to these perturbations. Moreover, we identify a necessary property for time-dependent noise that is violated by some sources of non-Markovian noise, which provides a test for non-Markovianity. Finally, we identify a necessary choice of parameters for randomized benchmarking experiments, namely, that the number of random sequences sampled should scale with the length of the sequence in order for all data points to have comparable uncertainties.

Joel J. Wallman; Steven T. Flammia

2014-04-24

142

Estimating with Benchmark Fractions  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Teachers can use this interactive tool to help students develop fraction sense. After a teacher places a fraction, decimal, or expression on the screen, students determine which given benchmark number it is closest to. An adjustable number line supports conceptual understanding. This page includes a video demonstration of the tool and sample lessons from the Conceptua curriculum. Free registration is required to use the tool. A paid subscription is necessary to access full curriculum and allow full student use.

2011-01-01

143

Change and Continuity in Student Achievement from Grades 3 to 5: A Policy Dilemma  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article we examine student performance on mandated tests in grades 3, 4, and 5 in one state. We focus on this interval, which w e term "the fourth grade window," based on our hypothesis that students in grade four are particularly vulnerable to decrements in achievement. The national focus on the third grade as the critical benchmark in…

McCaslin, Mary; Burross, Heidi Legg; Good, Thomas L.

2005-01-01

144

Calculation of VVER reactor computational benchmark pin cell variants  

SciTech Connect

In the framework of the joint US/Russian project to update, verify, and validate reactor design/safety computer codes associated with mixed-oxide (MOX) usage in VVER reactors, a computational benchmark was constructed. The calculational results of pin cell variants from the benchmark are given in this paper. The pin cells contain low-enriched uranium (LEU), weapons-grade (W-G) MOX fuel, and reactor MOX fuel. The calculations call for a wide range of temperatures and soluble boron concentrations. Several of the variants include burnup analyses.

Kalashnikov, A.G. [IPPE (Russian Federation); Kalugin, M.A.; Lazarenko, A.P. [Kurchatov RRC (Russian Federation); Gehin, J.C. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States)

1998-12-31

145

IBC's 23rd Antibody Engineering and 10th Antibody Therapeutics Conferences and the Annual Meeting of The Antibody Society  

PubMed Central

Now in its 23rd and 10th years, respectively, the Antibody Engineering and Antibody Therapeutics conferences are the Annual Meeting of The Antibody Society. The scientific program covers the full spectrum of challenges in antibody research and development from basic science through clinical development. In this preview of the conferences, the chairs provide their thoughts on sessions that will allow participants to track emerging trends in (1) the development of next-generation immunomodulatory antibodies; (2) the complexity of the environment in which antibodies must function; (3) antibody-targeted central nervous system (CNS) therapies that cross the blood brain barrier; (4) the extension of antibody half-life for improved efficacy and pharmacokinetics (PK)/pharmacodynamics (PD); and (5) the application of next generation DNA sequencing to accelerate antibody research. A pre-conference workshop on Sunday, December 2, 2012 will update participants on recent intellectual property (IP) law changes that affect antibody research, including biosimilar legislation, the America Invents Act and recent court cases. Keynote presentations will be given by Andreas Plückthun (University of Zürich), who will speak on engineering receptor ligands with powerful cellular responses; Gregory Friberg (Amgen Inc.), who will provide clinical updates of bispecific antibodies; James D. Marks (University of California, San Francisco), who will discuss a systems approach to generating tumor targeting antibodies; Dario Neri (Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zürich), who will speak about delivering immune modulators at the sites of disease; William M. Pardridge (University of California, Los Angeles), who will discuss delivery across the blood-brain barrier; and Peter Senter (Seattle Genetics, Inc.), who will present his vision for the future of antibody-drug conjugates. For more information on these meetings or to register to attend, please visit www.IBCLifeSciences.com/AntibodyEng or call 800-390-4078. Members of The Antibody Society and mAbs journal subscribers receive a 20% discount for meeting registration. To obtain this discount, email kdostie@ibcusa.com. mAbs is the official therapeutics journal of The Antibody Society and offers a discounted subscription to Society members for $49. PMID:23007482

Marquardt, John; Begent, Richard H.J.; Chester, Kerry; Huston, James S.; Bradbury, Andrew; Scott, Jamie K.; Thorpe, Philip E.; Veldman, Trudi; Reichert, Janice M.; Weiner, Louis M.

2012-01-01

146

Contract Grading.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In a contract grading system, the instructor defines the performance required for each grade, the student defines the performance level to which he or she will work, and signs a contract in which the instructor is committed to awarding this predetermined grade if the student attains the appropriate performance level. This paper is based on a…

Taylor, Hugh

147

Benchmarking Query Execution Robustness  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Benchmarks that focus on running queries on a well-tuned database system ignore a long-standing problem: adverse runtime conditions can cause database system performance to vary widely and unexpectedly. When the query execution engine does not exhibit resilience to these adverse conditions, addressing the resultant performance problems can contribute significantly to the total cost of ownership for a database system in over-provisioning, lost efficiency, and increased human administrative costs. For example, focused human effort may be needed to manually invoke workload management actions or fine-tune the optimization of specific queries.

Wiener, Janet L.; Kuno, Harumi; Graefe, Goetz

148

Benchmarking Corporate Energy Management  

E-print Network

presented. That information can serve as the foundation of a benchmarking tool. To do just that, the information has been organized in an Excel Workbook that can be used by a company to self score itself. for example, the first element is top management... management is the policy statement Issued'? Answers include the CEO (worth 50 points) the CFO or COO (worth 35 points), a VP (20 points), and other (5 points). Other sections will include self-scoring on: ? Energy reduction goals ? Communication...

Norland, D. L.

149

Benchmarking the Connection Machine  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this memo is to present the results of work done recently on the Connection Machine during a one-week visit by the authors to Thinking Machines Corporation. The main objectives of the trip were to benchmark the Connection Machine and to assess the software environment, in order to determine the suitability of the Connection Machine for solving computationally-intensive problems and to compare the Connection Machine with other highly-parallel computers. This report presents preliminary results, and describes the computer architecture.

Baillie, C.; Felten, E.; Walker, D.

1987-01-01

150

Benchmarking, BOMA BESt and BBEER  

E-print Network

?or?worse?than?????? Energy?Use?Intensity?(EUI)?=?? total?energy?consumed?in?one?year?(ekWh)?/?total?floor?space?of? the?building?(ft2) Benchmarking and BBEER 2013 ? reliable?information on?energy?use?and?benefits?of?improvements; ? prioritize poorly...?energy?efficiency?among?building?occupants. BENCHMARKING ? Benefits Source:?NRCan Benchmarking and BBEER 2013 ABOUT BOMA BESt ? Program Description Building?Environmental?Standards?(BESt) ? Environmental?performance?and?management? practices?of?existing?buildings ? Five...

Smiciklas, J.

2013-01-01

151

SFWR ENG 3GB3: A New Game Due on Part 1: Friday October 10th. Part 2: Friday October 24th.  

E-print Network

parts. Part 1 - Proposal The first part is the design of the game. You are to write a detailed proposal or detailed instructions on how to compile · Source code · Sample user input for you game · Must be submittedSFWR ENG 3GB3: A New Game Due on Part 1: Friday October 10th. Part 2: Friday October 24th. Dr

Carette, Jacques

152

Benchmarks for Science Literacy: A Tool for Curriculum Reform  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Benchmarks for Science Literacy, a companion publication to the American Association for the Advancement of Science's (AAAS) project "Science for All Americans," describes "what all students should know and be able to do in science, mathematics, and technology by the time they graduate from high school." Offered as "a tool to be used by educators in designing a curriculum," Benchmarks is a compendium of specific goals for science literacy in several key areas: science, mathematics, technology, the physical setting, the living environment, the human organism, human society, historical perspectives, common themes, and habits of mind. Each section includes a summary of desired knowledge and specific targets for literacy goals by grade categories K-2, 3-5, 6-8, and 9-12. In addition to its direct and intended application, Benchmarks is a useful gauge of society's scientific awareness (or lack thereof). For any science educators, this is a fascinating publication that merits attention.

153

Some Factors Related to the Writing Performance of Tenth-Grade Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Forty-three 10th-grade boys and girls of upper-average intelligence were divided into two groups of poor and good writers (as determined by past performance, present teacher evaluation, and the evaluation by three experienced judges of two sets of sample compositions) to determine significant composition factors which could account for writing…

Hyndman, Roger

154

Responses of Tenth-Grade Readers to Paired Complex and Less Complex Short Stories.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the responses of 10th-grade students of low, average, and high abilities to two levels of short stories: the complex, or adult, story and the less complex, or adolescent story. Students read four pairs of short stories and wrote their immediate and delayed responses to tests containing two open-ended questions and 10 objective…

Luchsinger, Barbara Beth

155

Internal Benchmarking for Institutional Effectiveness  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Internal benchmarking is an established practice in business and industry for identifying best in-house practices and disseminating the knowledge about those practices to other groups in the organization. Internal benchmarking can be done with structures, processes, outcomes, or even individuals. In colleges or universities with multicampuses or a…

Ronco, Sharron L.

2012-01-01

156

Benchmarking Higher Education ICT Infrastructure  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper benchmarks ICT infrastructure in the context of academic computing implementation at Malaysian higher education institutions. Three research questions are central to this study. What are the indicators for benchmarking ICT infrastructure? What is the general performance of higher education institutions in Malaysia? In order to answer these questions, a nationwide survey was conducted involving 90 higher education institutions

Shamsul Anuar Mokhtar; Rose Alinda Alias; Azizah Abdul Rahman

157

Relationship between Grade Span Configuration and Academic Achievement  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The relationship between grade span configuration and academic achievement of 6th-grade students as measured by the Arkansas Benchmark Examination, which is the approved NCLB criterion-referenced annual assessment, was examined. The results of a one-between two-within analysis of variance for the 3-year state-wide study of 6th graders' combined…

Dove, Mary Jane; Pearson, L. Carolyn; Hooper, Herbert

2010-01-01

158

Regional Competitive Intelligence: Benchmarking and Policymaking  

Microsoft Academic Search

Huggins R. Regional competitive intelligence: benchmarking and policy-making, Regional Studies. Benchmarking exercises have become increasingly popular within the sphere of regional policy-making. This paper analyses the concept of regional benchmarking and its links with regional policy-making processes. It develops a typology of regional benchmarking exercises and benchmarkers, and critically reviews the literature. It is argued that critics of regional benchmarking

Robert Huggins

2010-01-01

159

Performance Analysis of a Hybrid MPI\\/CUDA Implementation of the NAS-LU Benchmark  

Microsoft Academic Search

We present the performance analysis of a port of the LU benchmark from the NAS Parallel Benchmark (NPB) suite to NVIDIA's Compute Unified Device Architecture (CUDA), and report on the optimisation efforts employed to take advantage of this platform. Execution times are reported for several different GPUs, ranging from low-end consumergrade products to high-end HPC-grade devices, including the Tesla C2050

S. J. Pennycook; Simon D. Hammond; Stephen A. Jarvis; Gihan R. Mudalige

2011-01-01

160

Benchmarking in Academic Pharmacy Departments  

PubMed Central

Benchmarking in academic pharmacy, and recommendations for the potential uses of benchmarking in academic pharmacy departments are discussed in this paper. Benchmarking is the process by which practices, procedures, and performance metrics are compared to an established standard or best practice. Many businesses and industries use benchmarking to compare processes and outcomes, and ultimately plan for improvement. Institutions of higher learning have embraced benchmarking practices to facilitate measuring the quality of their educational and research programs. Benchmarking is used internally as well to justify the allocation of institutional resources or to mediate among competing demands for additional program staff or space. Surveying all chairs of academic pharmacy departments to explore benchmarking issues such as department size and composition, as well as faculty teaching, scholarly, and service productivity, could provide valuable information. To date, attempts to gather this data have had limited success. We believe this information is potentially important, urge that efforts to gather it should be continued, and offer suggestions to achieve full participation. PMID:21179251

Chisholm-Burns, Marie; Nappi, Jean; Gubbins, Paul O.; Ross, Leigh Ann

2010-01-01

161

Benchmarking parallel image analysis systems  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Parallel image analysis systems are shown by the Abingdon Cross benchmark to excel over all other architectures both in terms of speed and cost performance. The Abingdon Cross benchmark is task specific so that the performance of the system under test can be optimized and adjusted to take full advantage of the system's capabilities. The authors have devised a new set of benchmarks for parallel image analysis systems consisting of individual tests of the following operations: (1) Point process, (2) integer convolution, (3) Fourier transform, (4) Boolean algebra, (5) histograming, (6) maximum ranking, (7) median ranking, (8) erosion! dilation, (9) memory to disk transfer, and (10) memory to display transfer.

Preston, Kendall, Jr.; Seigart, Carol

1990-07-01

162

California commercial building energy benchmarking  

SciTech Connect

Building energy benchmarking is the comparison of whole-building energy use relative to a set of similar buildings. It provides a useful starting point for individual energy audits and for targeting buildings for energy-saving measures in multiple-site audits. Benchmarking is of interest and practical use to a number of groups. Energy service companies and performance contractors communicate energy savings potential with ''typical'' and ''best-practice'' benchmarks while control companies and utilities can provide direct tracking of energy use and combine data from multiple buildings. Benchmarking is also useful in the design stage of a new building or retrofit to determine if a design is relatively efficient. Energy managers and building owners have an ongoing interest in comparing energy performance to others. Large corporations, schools, and government agencies with numerous facilities also use benchmarking methods to compare their buildings to each other. The primary goal of Task 2.1.1 Web-based Benchmarking was the development of a web-based benchmarking tool, dubbed Cal-Arch, for benchmarking energy use in California commercial buildings. While there were several other benchmarking tools available to California consumers prior to the development of Cal-Arch, there were none that were based solely on California data. Most available benchmarking information, including the Energy Star performance rating, were developed using DOE's Commercial Building Energy Consumption Survey (CBECS), which does not provide state-level data. Each database and tool has advantages as well as limitations, such as the number of buildings and the coverage by type, climate regions and end uses. There is considerable commercial interest in benchmarking because it provides an inexpensive method of screening buildings for tune-ups and retrofits. However, private companies who collect and manage consumption data are concerned that the identities of building owners might be revealed and hence are reluctant to share their data. The California Commercial End Use Survey (CEUS), the primary source of data for Cal-Arch, is a unique source of information on commercial buildings in California. It has not been made public; however, it was made available by CEC to LBNL for the purpose of developing a public benchmarking tool.

Kinney, Satkartar; Piette, Mary Ann

2003-07-01

163

Nursing-sensitive benchmarks for hospitals to gauge high-reliability performance.  

PubMed

Benchmarking expedites the quest for best practices and is crucial to hospitals' effective, reliable, and superior performance. Comparative performance data are used by accrediting and regulatory bodies to evaluate performance and by consumers in making decisions on where to seek healthcare. Nursing-sensitive quality measures affirmed by the National Quality Forum are now used in public reporting and pay-for-performance in addition to traditional medical outcome metrics. This report provides hospital nursing-sensitive benchmarks from medical/surgical, critical care, and step-down units drawn from 196 hospitals during six quarters in 2007 and 2008. Outcome measures include pressure ulcer prevalence rates and fall/falls with injury rates. Additional indicators that describe nursing care (nurse staffing care hours, skill mix, nurse/patient ratios, workload intensity, voluntary turnover, and use of sitters) and patient descriptors (age, gender, and diagnosis description) were also included. Specific benchmarks are provided using the 10th and the 90th percentiles, as well as quartiles to allow hospitals an opportunity to understand comparative performance with specificity. The purpose of this article is to provide hospitals not currently participating in comparative benchmarking databases with nursing-sensitive data from the Collaborative Alliance for Nursing Outcomes for use in performance improvement processes. PMID:20946421

Brown, Diane Storer; Donaldson, Nancy; Burnes Bolton, Linda; Aydin, Carolyn E

2010-01-01

164

Benchmarking hypercube hardware and software  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

It was long a truism in computer systems design that balanced systems achieve the best performance. Message passing parallel processors are no different. To quantify the balance of a hypercube design, an experimental methodology was developed and the associated suite of benchmarks was applied to several existing hypercubes. The benchmark suite includes tests of both processor speed in the absence of internode communication and message transmission speed as a function of communication patterns.

Grunwald, Dirk C.; Reed, Daniel A.

1986-01-01

165

Benchmarking for the Learning and Skills Sector.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document is designed to introduce practitioners in the United Kingdom's learning and skills sector to the principles and practice of benchmarking. The first section defines benchmarking and differentiates metric, diagnostic, and process benchmarking. The remainder of the booklet details the following steps of the benchmarking process: (1) get…

Owen, Jane

166

Benchmarks for GADRAS performance validation.  

SciTech Connect

The performance of the Gamma Detector Response and Analysis Software (GADRAS) was validated by comparing GADRAS model results to experimental measurements for a series of benchmark sources. Sources for the benchmark include a plutonium metal sphere, bare and shielded in polyethylene, plutonium oxide in cans, a highly enriched uranium sphere, bare and shielded in polyethylene, a depleted uranium shell and spheres, and a natural uranium sphere. The benchmark experimental data were previously acquired and consist of careful collection of background and calibration source spectra along with the source spectra. The calibration data were fit with GADRAS to determine response functions for the detector in each experiment. A one-dimensional model (pie chart) was constructed for each source based on the dimensions of the benchmark source. The GADRAS code made a forward calculation from each model to predict the radiation spectrum for the detector used in the benchmark experiment. The comparisons between the GADRAS calculation and the experimental measurements are excellent, validating that GADRAS can correctly predict the radiation spectra for these well-defined benchmark sources.

Mattingly, John K.; Mitchell, Dean James; Rhykerd, Charles L., Jr.

2009-09-01

167

Using ACT Assessment Scores to Set Benchmarks for College Readiness. ACT Research Report Series, 2005-3  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this report, we establish benchmarks of readiness for four common first-year college courses: English Composition, College Algebra, Social Science, and Biology. Using grade data from a large sample of colleges, we modeled the probability of success in these courses as a function of ACT test scores. Success was defined as a course grade of B or…

Allen, Jeff; Sconing, Jim

2005-01-01

168

10. krajowy zjazd Polskiego Towarzystwa Badan Radiacyjnych im. Marii Sklodowskiej-Curie. Streszczenia referatow. (10th national conference of Maria Sklodowska-Curie Polish Radiation Research Society. Abstract of papers).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The 10th national conference of M. Sklodowska-Curie Polish Radiation Research Society provides the opportunity to present novel Polish research in all fields of radiation research, e.g. radiation chemistry and biology, radiation processing, environmental ...

1995-01-01

169

The Nature of Grading.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses grading in elementary and secondary schools, focusing on the following topics: combining and weighting data, grading criteria, absolute grade standards, relative grade standards, contracting for grades, mastery and continuous progress grading, grading for effort or improvement, report cards, and procedures for grading students. (SR)

Ornstein, Allan C.

1989-01-01

170

Randomized benchmarking of multiqubit gates.  

PubMed

We describe an extension of single-qubit gate randomized benchmarking that measures the error of multiqubit gates in a quantum information processor. This platform-independent protocol evaluates the performance of Clifford unitaries, which form a basis of fault-tolerant quantum computing. We implemented the benchmarking protocol with trapped ions and found an error per random two-qubit Clifford unitary of 0.162±0.008, thus setting the first benchmark for such unitaries. By implementing a second set of sequences with an extra two-qubit phase gate inserted after each step, we extracted an error per phase gate of 0.069±0.017. We conducted these experiments with transported, sympathetically cooled ions in a multizone Paul trap-a system that can in principle be scaled to larger numbers of ions. PMID:23004946

Gaebler, J P; Meier, A M; Tan, T R; Bowler, R; Lin, Y; Hanneke, D; Jost, J D; Home, J P; Knill, E; Leibfried, D; Wineland, D J

2012-06-29

171

Radiation Detection Computational Benchmark Scenarios  

SciTech Connect

Modeling forms an important component of radiation detection development, allowing for testing of new detector designs, evaluation of existing equipment against a wide variety of potential threat sources, and assessing operation performance of radiation detection systems. This can, however, result in large and complex scenarios which are time consuming to model. A variety of approaches to radiation transport modeling exist with complementary strengths and weaknesses for different problems. This variety of approaches, and the development of promising new tools (such as ORNL’s ADVANTG) which combine benefits of multiple approaches, illustrates the need for a means of evaluating or comparing different techniques for radiation detection problems. This report presents a set of 9 benchmark problems for comparing different types of radiation transport calculations, identifying appropriate tools for classes of problems, and testing and guiding the development of new methods. The benchmarks were drawn primarily from existing or previous calculations with a preference for scenarios which include experimental data, or otherwise have results with a high level of confidence, are non-sensitive, and represent problem sets of interest to NA-22. From a technical perspective, the benchmarks were chosen to span a range of difficulty and to include gamma transport, neutron transport, or both and represent different important physical processes and a range of sensitivity to angular or energy fidelity. Following benchmark identification, existing information about geometry, measurements, and previous calculations were assembled. Monte Carlo results (MCNP decks) were reviewed or created and re-run in order to attain accurate computational times and to verify agreement with experimental data, when present. Benchmark information was then conveyed to ORNL in order to guide testing and development of hybrid calculations. The results of those ADVANTG calculations were then sent to PNNL for compilation. This is a report describing the details of the selected Benchmarks and results from various transport codes.

Shaver, Mark W.; Casella, Andrew M.; Wittman, Richard S.; McDonald, Ben S.

2013-09-24

172

Current Use of Biomarkers in Acute Kidney Injury: Report and Summary of Recommendations from the 10th Acute Dialysis Quality Initiative Consensus Conference  

PubMed Central

Over the last decade there has been considerable progress in the discovery and development of biomarkers of kidney disease, and several have now been evaluated in different clinical settings. While there is a growing literature on the performance of various biomarkers in clinical studies, there is limited information on how these biomarkers would be utilized by clinicians to manage patients with acute kidney injury (AKI). Recognizing this gap in knowledge, we convened the 10th Acute Dialysis Quality Initiative (ADQI) meeting to review the literature on biomarkers in AKI and their application in clinical practice. We asked an international group of experts to assess four broad areas for biomarker utilization for AKI: risk assessment, diagnosis and staging; differential diagnosis; prognosis and management and novel physiological techniques including imaging. This article provides a summary of the key findings and recommendations of the group, to equip clinicians to effectively use biomarkers in AKI. PMID:24107851

Murray, Patrick T.; Mehta, Ravindra L.; Shaw, Andrew; Ronco, Claudio; Endre, Zoltan; Kellum, John A.; Chawla, Lakhmir; Cruz, Dinna; Ince, Can; Okusa, Mark

2013-01-01

173

Perceptions of High Achieving African American/Black 10th Graders from a Low Socioeconomic Community Regarding Health Scientists and Desired Careers  

PubMed Central

Measures are needed to assess youth perceptions about health science careers to facilitate research aimed at facilitating youth pursuit of health science. Although the Indiana Instrument provides an established measure of perceptions regarding nursing and ideal careers, we were interested in learning how high achieving 10th graders from relatively low socioeconomic areas who identify as Black/African American (Black) perceive health science and ideal careers. The Indiana Instrument was modified, administered to 90 youth of interest, and psychometrically analyzed. Reliable subscales were identified that may facilitate parsimonious, theoretical, and reliable study of youth decision-making regarding health science careers. Such research may help to develop and evaluate strategies for increasing the number of minority health scientists. PMID:25194058

Boekeloo, Bradley; Randolph, Suzanne; Timmons-Brown, Stephanie; Wang, Min Qi

2014-01-01

174

Computational evaluation of two reactor benchmark problems  

E-print Network

A neutronic evaluation of two reactor benchmark problems was performed. The benchmark problems describe typical PWR uranium and plutonium (mixed oxide) fueled lattices. WIMSd4m, a neutron transport lattice code, was used to evaluate multigroup...

Cowan, James Anthony

2012-06-07

175

Using Benchmarks to Compare Fractions  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This task is intended primarily for instruction purposes. The goal is to provide examples for comparing two fractions. This is an important method for comparing fractions and one which requires a strong number sense and ability to make mental calculations. It is, however, a difficult ability to assess because the method is only appropriate when there is a clear benchmark fraction to be used.

IInstitute for Mathematics & Education funded by the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation

2012-08-01

176

Monte Carlo photon benchmark problems  

SciTech Connect

Photon benchmark calculations have been performed to validate the MCNP Monte Carlo computer code. These are compared to both the COG Monte Carlo computer code and either experimental or analytic results. The calculated solutions indicate that the Monte Carlo method, and MCNP and COG in particular, can accurately model a wide range of physical problems.

Whalen, D.J.; Hollowell, D.E.; Hendricks, J.S.

1991-01-01

177

Monte Carlo photon benchmark problems  

SciTech Connect

Photon benchmark calculations have been performed to validate the MCNP Monte Carlo computer code. These are compared to both the COG Monte Carlo computer code and either experimental or analytic results. The calculated solutions indicate that the Monte Carlo method, and MCNP and COG in particular, can accurately model a wide range of physical problems. 8 refs., 5 figs.

Whalen, D.J. (Brigham Young Univ., Provo, UT (USA)); Hollowell, D.E.; Hendricks, J.S. (Los Alamos National Lab., NM (USA))

1990-01-01

178

Austin Community College Benchmarking Update.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Austin Community College contracted with MGT of America, Inc. in spring 1999 to develop a peer and benchmark (best) practices analysis on key indicators. These indicators were updated in spring 2002 using data from eight Texas community colleges and four non-Texas institutions that represent large, comprehensive, urban community colleges, similar…

Austin Community Coll., TX. Office of Institutional Effectiveness.

179

PRISMATIC CORE COUPLED TRANSIENT BENCHMARK  

SciTech Connect

The Prismatic Modular Reactor (PMR) is one of the High Temperature Reactor (HTR) design concepts that have existed for some time. Several prismatic units have operated in the world (DRAGON, Fort St. Vrain, Peach Bottom) and one unit is still in operation (HTTR). The deterministic neutronics and thermal-fluids transient analysis tools and methods currently available for the design and analysis of PMRs have lagged behind the state of the art compared to LWR reactor technologies. This has motivated the development of more accurate and efficient tools for the design and safety evaluations of the PMR. In addition to the work invested in new methods, it is essential to develop appropriate benchmarks to verify and validate the new methods in computer codes. The purpose of this benchmark is to establish a well-defined problem, based on a common given set of data, to compare methods and tools in core simulation and thermal hydraulics analysis with a specific focus on transient events. The benchmark-working group is currently seeking OECD/NEA sponsorship. This benchmark is being pursued and is heavily based on the success of the PBMR-400 exercise.

J. Ortensi; M.A. Pope; G. Strydom; R.S. Sen; M.D. DeHart; H.D. Gougar; C. Ellis; A. Baxter; V. Seker; T.J. Downar; K. Vierow; K. Ivanov

2011-06-01

180

Benchmarking Adult Mental Health Organizations  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: This paper describes the adult mental health forums that were conducted as part of the National Mental Health Benchmarking Project (NMHBP).Method: Eight adult mental health forums were attended by staff from eight adult mental health services from around the country. The forums provided an avenue for these participants to document their organizations’ performances against previously agreed key performance indicators

Tim Coombs; Tania Geyer; Jane Pirkis

2011-01-01

181

Employability Week Friday 10th  

E-print Network

that creative people are different from ,,suits - they have different ways of networking, communicating with the MMU Professional Passport How do you convince an employer you are the right person for the job? How do to make up your mind, you still need to know how to sell yourself to potential employers and the MMU

182

New CPU benchmark suites from SPEC  

Microsoft Academic Search

The author describes the new CPU benchmark suites from the Standard Performance Evaluation Corporation (SPEC). The author describes the reasons for the release, and analyzes and compares new suites with the SPEC Release 1 benchmark suite. The new benchmark CPU suites are CINT2.0 (integer) and CFP2.0 (floating-point). CINT2.0 and CFP2.0 replace the SPEC Release 1 benchmark suite. The new suites

Kaivalya M. Dixit

1992-01-01

183

Benchmarking short sequence mapping tools  

PubMed Central

Background The development of next-generation sequencing instruments has led to the generation of millions of short sequences in a single run. The process of aligning these reads to a reference genome is time consuming and demands the development of fast and accurate alignment tools. However, the current proposed tools make different compromises between the accuracy and the speed of mapping. Moreover, many important aspects are overlooked while comparing the performance of a newly developed tool to the state of the art. Therefore, there is a need for an objective evaluation method that covers all the aspects. In this work, we introduce a benchmarking suite to extensively analyze sequencing tools with respect to various aspects and provide an objective comparison. Results We applied our benchmarking tests on 9 well known mapping tools, namely, Bowtie, Bowtie2, BWA, SOAP2, MAQ, RMAP, GSNAP, Novoalign, and mrsFAST (mrFAST) using synthetic data and real RNA-Seq data. MAQ and RMAP are based on building hash tables for the reads, whereas the remaining tools are based on indexing the reference genome. The benchmarking tests reveal the strengths and weaknesses of each tool. The results show that no single tool outperforms all others in all metrics. However, Bowtie maintained the best throughput for most of the tests while BWA performed better for longer read lengths. The benchmarking tests are not restricted to the mentioned tools and can be further applied to others. Conclusion The mapping process is still a hard problem that is affected by many factors. In this work, we provided a benchmarking suite that reveals and evaluates the different factors affecting the mapping process. Still, there is no tool that outperforms all of the others in all the tests. Therefore, the end user should clearly specify his needs in order to choose the tool that provides the best results. PMID:23758764

2013-01-01

184

Testing (Validating?) Cross Sections with ICSBEP Benchmarks  

SciTech Connect

We discuss how to use critical benchmarks from the International Handbook of Evaluated Criticality Safety Benchmark Experiments to determine the applicability of specific cross sections to the end-user's problem of interest. Particular attention is paid to making sure the selected suite of benchmarks includes the user's range of applicability (ROA).

Kahler, Albert C. III [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2012-06-28

185

How Benchmarking and Higher Education Came Together  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This chapter introduces the concept of benchmarking and how higher education institutions began to use benchmarking for a variety of purposes. Here, benchmarking is defined as a strategic and structured approach whereby an organization compares aspects of its processes and/or outcomes to those of another organization or set of organizations to…

Levy, Gary D.; Ronco, Sharron L.

2012-01-01

186

HS06 Benchmark for an ARM Server  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We benchmarked an ARM cortex-A9 based server system with a four-core CPU running at 1.1 GHz. The system used Ubuntu 12.04 as operating system and the HEPSPEC 2006 (HS06) benchmarking suite was compiled natively with gcc-4.4 on the system. The benchmark was run for various settings of the relevant gcc compiler options. We did not find significant influence from the compiler options on the benchmark result. The final HS06 benchmark result is 10.4.

Kluth, Stefan

2014-06-01

187

HS06 Benchmark for an ARM Server  

E-print Network

We benchmarked an ARM cortex-A9 based server system with a four-core CPU running at 1.1 GHz. The system used Ubuntu 12.04 as operating system and the HEPSPEC 2006 (HS06) benchmarking suite was compiled natively with gcc-4.4 on the system. The benchmark was run for various settings of the relevant gcc compiler options. We did not find significant influence from the compiler options on the benchmark result. The final HS06 benchmark result is 10.4.

Stefan Kluth

2013-11-15

188

No free lunch and benchmarks.  

PubMed

We extend previous results concerning black box search algorithms, presenting new theoretical tools related to no free lunch (NFL) where functions are restricted to some benchmark (that need not be permutation closed), algorithms are restricted to some collection (that need not be permutation closed) or limited to some number of steps, or the performance measure is given. Minimax distinctions are considered from a geometric perspective, and basic results on performance matching are also presented. PMID:22452316

Duéñez-Guzmán, Edgar A; Vose, Michael D

2013-01-01

189

Benchmarking Electricity Liberalisation in Europe  

E-print Network

sources does the country’s electricity industry use? A country with a high proportion of hydro-electricity may not be exposed to fluctuations in the prices of fossil fuels, but is vulnerable to years with low precipitation. Historically, oil prices have... that the method of allocating inter- connector capacity is suitable for benchmarking. Since most countries in Europe have inter-connectors with several other countries, a possible summary statistic would be the proportion of their inter-connector capacity...

Green, Richard J; Lorenzoni, Arturo; Perez, Yannick; Pollitt, Michael G.

190

Genetic counseling/consultation in South-East Asia: a report from the workshop at the 10th Asia pacific conference on human genetics.  

PubMed

This paper reports on the workshop 'Genetic Counseling/Consultations in South-East Asia' at the 10(th) Asia Pacific Conference on Human Genetics in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, in December 2012. The workshop brought together professionals and language/communication scholars from South-East Asia, and the UK. The workshop aimed at addressing culture- and context-specific genetic counseling/consultation practices in South-East Asia. As a way of contextualizing genetic counseling/consultation in South-East Asia, we first offer an overview of communication-oriented research generally, drawing attention to consultation and counseling as part of a communicative continuum with distinctive interactional features. We then provide examples of genetic counseling/consultation research in Hong Kong. As other countries in South-East Asia have not yet embarked on communication-oriented empirical research, we report on the current practices of genetic counseling/consultation in these countries in order to identify similarities and differences as well as key obstacles that could be addressed through future research. Three issues emerged as 'problematic': language, religion and culture. We suggest that communication-oriented research can provide a starting point for evidence-based reflections on how to incorporate a counseling mentality in genetic consultation. To conclude, we discuss the need for creating a platform for targeted training of genetic counselors based on communication-oriented research findings. PMID:24048708

Zayts, Olga; Sarangi, Srikant; Thong, Meow-Keong; Chung, Brian Hon-yin; Lo, Ivan Fao-man; Kan, Anita Sik-yau; Lee, Juliana Mei-har; Padilla, Carmencita David; Cutiongco-de la Paz, Eva Maria; Faradz, Sultana M H; Wasant, Pornswan

2013-12-01

191

An INTEGRAL view of the high-energy sky (the first 10 years) - 9th INTEGRAL Workshop and celebration of the 10th anniversary of the launch  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The 9th INTEGRAL workshop "An INTEGRAL view of the high-energy sky (the first 10 years)" took place from 15 to 19 October 2012 in Paris, Bibliothèque Nationale de France (Bibliothèque François Mitterrand). The workshop was sponsored by ESA, CNES and other French and European Institutions. During this week, and in particular on 17 October 2012, we celebrated the 10th anniversary of the launch of the INTEGRAL mission. The main goal of this workshop was to present and to discuss (via invited and contributed talks and posters) latest results obtained in the field of high-energy astrophysics using the International Gamma-Ray Astrophysics Laboratory INTEGRAL, as well as results from observations from other ground- and space-based high-energy observatories and from associated multi-wavelength campaigns. Contributions to the workshop covered the following scientific topics: - X-ray binaries (IGR sources, black holes, neutron stars, white dwarfs) - Isolated neutron stars (gamma-ray pulsars, magnetars) - Nucleo-synthesis (SNe, Novae, SNRs, ISM) and gamma-ray lines (511 keV) - Galactic diffuse continuum emission (including Galactic Ridge) - Massive black holes in AGNs, elliptical galaxies, nucleus of the Galaxy - Sky surveys, source populations and unidentified gamma-ray sources - Cosmic background radiation - Gamma-ray bursts - Coordinated observations with other ground- and space-based observatories - Science data processing and analysis (posters only) - Future instruments and missions (posters only)

192

Urban and rural infant-feeding practices and health in early medieval Central Europe (9th-10th Century, Czech Republic).  

PubMed

In the Central European context, the 9th and 10th centuries are well known for rapid cultural and societal changes concerning the development of the economic and political structures of states as well as the adoption of Christianity. A bioarchaeological study based on a subadult skeletal series was conducted to tackle the impact of these changes on infant and young child feeding practices and, consequently, their health in both urban and rural populations. Data on growth and frequency of nonspecific stress indicators of a subadult group aged 0-6 years were analyzed. A subsample of 41 individuals was selected for nitrogen and carbon isotope analyses, applying an intra-individual sampling strategy (bone vs. tooth). The isotopic results attest to a mosaic of food behaviors. In the urban sample, some children may have been weaned during their second year of life, while some others may have still been consuming breast milk substantially up to 4-5 years of age. By contrast, data from the rural sample show more homogeneity, with a gradual cessation of breastfeeding starting after the age of 2 years. Several factors are suggested which may have been responsible for applied weaning strategies. There is no evidence that observed weaning strategies affected the level of biological stress which the urban subadult population had to face compared with the rural subadult population. Am J Phys Anthropol 155:635-651, 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. PMID:25256815

Kaupová, Sylva; Herrscher, Estelle; Velemínský, Petr; Cabut, Sandrine; Polá?ek, Lumír; Br?žek, Jaroslav

2014-12-01

193

RISKIND verification and benchmark comparisons  

SciTech Connect

This report presents verification calculations and benchmark comparisons for RISKIND, a computer code designed to estimate potential radiological consequences and health risks to individuals and the population from exposures associated with the transportation of spent nuclear fuel and other radioactive materials. Spreadsheet calculations were performed to verify the proper operation of the major options and calculational steps in RISKIND. The program is unique in that it combines a variety of well-established models into a comprehensive treatment for assessing risks from the transportation of radioactive materials. Benchmark comparisons with other validated codes that incorporate similar models were also performed. For instance, the external gamma and neutron dose rate curves for a shipping package estimated by RISKIND were compared with those estimated by using the RADTRAN 4 code and NUREG-0170 methodology. Atmospheric dispersion of released material and dose estimates from the GENII and CAP88-PC codes. Verification results have shown the program to be performing its intended function correctly. The benchmark results indicate that the predictions made by RISKIND are within acceptable limits when compared with predictions from similar existing models.

Biwer, B.M.; Arnish, J.J.; Chen, S.Y.; Kamboj, S.

1997-08-01

194

Gender, ethnic group, and grade differences in psychosocial functioning during middle adolescence?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Prior research has found significant differences between ethnic groups in identity formation. However, most investigations have either failed to include or adjust for SES level differences. To reassess possible differences in psychosocial development between African American, American Indian, Mexican American, and White American 10th–12th grade male and female adolescents (n=123), ethnic groups were compared according to passive-active dimensions delineated in

Carol Markstrom-Adams; Gerald R. Adams

1995-01-01

195

Energy in the Global Marketplace. Grades 9, 10, 11. Interdisciplinary Student/Teacher Materials in Energy, the Environment, and the Economy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This instructional unit contains six classroom lessons in which 9th, 10th, or 11th grade social studies students examine the effects of competition among nations and world regions as demand for oil outstrips supply. The overall objective is to help students understand the concept that energy is a commodity to be bought and sold like any other…

National Science Teachers Association, Washington, DC.

196

The Turn of the Century. Tenth Grade Lesson. Schools of California Online Resources for Education (SCORE): Connecting California's Classrooms to the World.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this 10th grade social studies and language arts interdisciplinary unit, students research and report on historical figures from the turn of the 20th century. Students are required to work in pairs to learn about famous and common individuals, including Andrew Carnegie, Samuel Gompers, Susan B. Anthony, Thomas Edison, Theodore Roosevelt, Booker…

Bartels, Dede

197

Motivation and Self-Regulated Science Learning in High-Achieving Students: Differences Related to Nation, Gender, and Grade-Level  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A total of three hundred and fifteen (n = 315) gifted students from the 10th and 12th grade from the United States (n = 102), China (n = 125) and Germany (n = 88) were surveyed regarding their motivation and self-regulation in chemistry learning. A 3 x 2 x 2 MANOVA revealed "nation" as having the largest major effect on these variables. The…

Tang, Min; Neber, Heinz

2008-01-01

198

Implementing Guided Reading Strategies with Kindergarten and First Grade Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the action research project report, the teacher researchers found that many kindergarten and first-grade students did not have the reading readiness skills to be reading at their benchmark target. The purpose of the project was to improve the students overall reading ability. The dates of the project began on September 8 through December 20,…

Abbott, Lindsey; Dornbush, Abby; Giddings, Anne; Thomas, Jennifer

2012-01-01

199

Fetal Sex Determination using Non-Invasive Method of Cell-free Fetal DNA in Maternal Plasma of Pregnant Women During 6(th)- 10(th) Weeks of Gestation.  

PubMed

In previous years, identification of fetal cells in maternal blood circulation has caused a new revolution in non-invasive method of prenatal diagnosis. Low number of fetal cells in maternal blood and long-term survival after pregnancy limited the use of fetal cells in diagnostic and clinical applications. With the discovery of cell-free fetal DNA (cffDNA) in plasma of pregnant women, access to genetic material of the fetus had become possible to determine early gender of a fetus in pregnancies at the risk of X-linked genetic conditions instead of applying invasive methods. Therefore in this study, the probability of detecting sequences on the Y chromosome in pregnant women has been evaluated to identify the gender of fetuses. Peripheral blood samples were obtained from 80 pregnant women at 6(th) to 10(th) weeks of gestation and then the fetal DNA was extracted from the plasma. Nested PCR was applied to detect the sequences of single copy SRY gene and multi copy DYS14 & DAZ genes on the Y chromosome of the male fetuses. At the end, all the obtained results were compared with the actual gender of the newborns. In 40 out of 42 born baby boys, the relevant gene sequences were identified and 95.2% sensitivity was obtained. Non-invasive early determination of fetal gender using cffDNA could be employed as a pre-test in the shortest possible time and with a high reliability to avoid applying invasive methods in cases where a fetus is at the risk of genetic diseases. PMID:23407464

Zargari, Maryam; Sadeghi, Mohammad Reza; Shahhosseiny, Mohammad Hassan; Kamali, Koroush; Saliminejad, Kyomars; Esmaeilzadeh, Ali; Khorshid, Hamid Reza Khorram

2011-10-01

200

Gaia FGK benchmark stars: Metallicity  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Context. To calibrate automatic pipelines that determine atmospheric parameters of stars, one needs a sample of stars, or "benchmark stars", with well-defined parameters to be used as a reference. Aims: We provide detailed documentation of the iron abundance determination of the 34 FGK-type benchmark stars that are selected to be the pillars for calibration of the one billion Gaia stars. They cover a wide range of temperatures, surface gravities, and metallicities. Methods: Up to seven different methods were used to analyze an observed spectral library of high resolutions and high signal-to-noise ratios. The metallicity was determined by assuming a value of effective temperature and surface gravity obtained from fundamental relations; that is, these parameters were known a priori and independently from the spectra. Results: We present a set of metallicity values obtained in a homogeneous way for our sample of benchmark stars. In addition to this value, we provide detailed documentation of the associated uncertainties. Finally, we report a value of the metallicity of the cool giant ? Phe for the first time. Based on NARVAL and HARPS data obtained within the Gaia DPAC (Data Processing and Analysis Consortium) and coordinated by the GBOG (Ground-Based Observations for Gaia) working group and on data retrieved from the ESO-ADP database.Tables 6-76 are only available at the CDS via anonymous ftp to http://cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr (ftp://130.79.128.5) or via http://cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr/viz-bin/qcat?J/A+A/564/A133

Jofré, P.; Heiter, U.; Soubiran, C.; Blanco-Cuaresma, S.; Worley, C. C.; Pancino, E.; Cantat-Gaudin, T.; Magrini, L.; Bergemann, M.; González Hernández, J. I.; Hill, V.; Lardo, C.; de Laverny, P.; Lind, K.; Masseron, T.; Montes, D.; Mucciarelli, A.; Nordlander, T.; Recio Blanco, A.; Sobeck, J.; Sordo, R.; Sousa, S. G.; Tabernero, H.; Vallenari, A.; Van Eck, S.

2014-04-01

201

The Federal Forecasters Conference--1999. Papers and Proceedings (10th, Washington, DC, June 24, 1999) and Selected Papers from the International Symposium on Forecasting (19th, Washington, DC, June 27-30, 1999).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The 10th Federal Forecasters Conference provided a forum where 127 forecasters from different federal agencies and other organizations met to discuss various aspects of the conference's theme, "Forecasting in the New Millennium," that could be applied in the United States. A keynote address, "Procedures for Auditing Federal Forecasts" by J. Scott…

Gerald, Debra E., Ed.

202

PoS(10thEVNSymposium)002 Copyright owned by the author(s) under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike Licence. http://pos.sissa.it  

E-print Network

-rotating methanol masers Huib Jan van Langevelde1 , Karl J.E. Torstensson Joint Institute for VLBI in Europe Leiden, the Netherlands E-mail: langevelde@jive.nl, kalle@strw.leidenuniv.nl Anna Bartkiewicz, Marian Speaker #12;PoS(10thEVNSymposium)002 Non-rotating methanol masers Huib van Langevelde 2 1. Introduction

Brunthaler, Andreas

203

PoS(10thEVNSymposium)002 Copyright owned by the author(s) under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike Licence. http://pos.sissa.it  

E-print Network

-rotating methanol masers Huib Jan van Langevelde* , Karl J.E. Torstensson Joint Institute for VLBI in Europe Leiden, the Netherlands E-mail: langevelde@jive.nl, kalle@strw.leidenuniv.nl Anna Bartkiewicz, Marian * Speaker #12;PoS(10thEVNSymposium)002 Non-rotating methanol masers van Langevelde et al. 2 1. Introduction

van Langevelde, Huib Jan

204

In appear in: Proceedings of the 10th IEEE Real-Time and Embedded Technology and Applications Symposium, Toronto, CA, May 2004. Supporting Dynamic QoS in Linux  

E-print Network

In appear in: Proceedings of the 10th IEEE Real-Time and Embedded Technology and Applications}@cse.unl.edu Abstract This work is an application of the Variable-Rate Execu- tion (VRE) model in Linux to support Symposium, Toronto, CA, May 2004. Supporting Dynamic QoS in Linux Xin Liu Steve Goddard Department

Goddard, Steve

205

Benchmarking for the competitive marketplace.  

PubMed

One would get little argument these days regarding the importance of performance measurement in the health care industry. The traditional approach has been the straightforward use of measurable units such as financial comparisons and clinical indicators (e.g., length of stay). Also we in the health care industry have traditionally benchmarked our performance and strategies against those most like ourselves. Today's competitive market demands a more customer-focused set of performance measures that go beyond traditional approaches such as customer service. The most important task in today's environment is to study the customers' emerging priorities and adjust our business to meet those priorities. PMID:11184882

Clarke, R W; Sucher, T O

1999-07-01

206

The Zoo, Benchmarks & You: How To Reach the Oregon State Benchmarks with Zoo Resources.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document aligns Oregon state educational benchmarks and standards with Oregon Zoo resources. Benchmark areas examined include English, mathematics, science, social studies, and career and life roles. Brief descriptions of the programs offered by the zoo are presented. (SOE)

2002

207

Establishing benchmarks and metrics for utilization management.  

PubMed

The changing environment of healthcare reimbursement is rapidly leading to a renewed appreciation of the importance of utilization management in the clinical laboratory. The process of benchmarking of laboratory operations is well established for comparing organizational performance to other hospitals (peers) and for trending data over time through internal benchmarks. However, there are relatively few resources available to assist organizations in benchmarking for laboratory utilization management. This article will review the topic of laboratory benchmarking with a focus on the available literature and services to assist in managing physician requests for laboratory testing. PMID:24095835

Melanson, Stacy E F

2014-01-01

208

Method and system for benchmarking computers  

DOEpatents

A testing system and method for benchmarking computer systems. The system includes a store containing a scalable set of tasks to be performed to produce a solution in ever-increasing degrees of resolution as a larger number of the tasks are performed. A timing and control module allots to each computer a fixed benchmarking interval in which to perform the stored tasks. Means are provided for determining, after completion of the benchmarking interval, the degree of progress through the scalable set of tasks and for producing a benchmarking rating relating to the degree of progress for each computer.

Gustafson, John L. (Ames, IA)

1993-09-14

209

Benchmarks for acute stroke care delivery  

PubMed Central

Objective Despite widespread interest in many jurisdictions in monitoring and improving the quality of stroke care delivery, benchmarks for most stroke performance indicators have not been established. The objective of this study was to develop data-derived benchmarks for acute stroke quality indicators. Design Nine key acute stroke quality indicators were selected from the Canadian Stroke Best Practice Performance Measures Manual. Participants A population-based retrospective sample of patients discharged from 142 hospitals in Ontario, Canada, between 1 April 2008 and 31 March 2009 (N = 3191) was used to calculate hospital rates of performance and benchmarks. Intervention The Achievable Benchmark of Care (ABC™) methodology was used to create benchmarks based on the performance of the upper 15% of patients in the top-performing hospitals. Main Outcome Measures Benchmarks were calculated for rates of neuroimaging, carotid imaging, stroke unit admission, dysphasia screening and administration of stroke-related medications. Results The following benchmarks were derived: neuroimaging within 24 h, 98%; admission to a stroke unit, 77%; thrombolysis among patients arriving within 2.5 h, 59%; carotid imaging, 93%; dysphagia screening, 88%; antithrombotic therapy, 98%; anticoagulation for atrial fibrillation, 94%; antihypertensive therapy, 92% and lipid-lowering therapy, 77%. ABC™ acute stroke care benchmarks achieve or exceed the consensus-based targets required by Accreditation Canada, with the exception of dysphagia screening. Conclusions Benchmarks for nine hospital-based acute stroke care quality indicators have been established. These can be used in the development of standards for quality improvement initiatives. PMID:24141011

Hall, Ruth E.; Khan, Ferhana; Bayley, Mark T.; Asllani, Eriola; Lindsay, Patrice; Hill, Michael D.; O'Callaghan, Christina; Silver, Frank L.; Kapral, Moira K.

2013-01-01

210

Institution Credits Grade  

E-print Network

Institution Foreign Credits ECTS Credits US Credits Grade Grade Conversion University of Neveda - Reno US credits and grades Study Abroad Conversion USAC #12;(Agrentina) Institution Foreign Credits ECTS Credits US Credits Grade Grade Conversion Universidad Catolica Agrentina 4 4.2 10 - Sobresaliente

Duchowski, Andrew T.

211

Airport Capacity Benchmark Report 2001  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Released in April 2001 by the FAA (Federal Aviation Administration), this report provides the first capacity benchmarks for 31 of the nation's busiest airports. Capacity benchmarks are defined as "the maximum number of flights an airport can routinely handle in an hour." The report finds, among other things, that at a number of airports so many flights are scheduled that it is simply not possible for all of them to take off and land on time. The worst offender in 2000 was New York LaGuardia, with 15.6 percent of takeoffs or landings delayed, more than twice as many as the second-ranked airport, Chicago O'Hare. Predictably, opinion is divided on the root of the problem, with the airlines blaming an antiquated air traffic control system and too few runways and critics blaming the airlines for over-scheduling at peak travel times. The full text of the 195-page report may be downloaded in .pdf or Word format at the FAA site.

2001-01-01

212

SWEB. Scientific Workstation Evaluation Benchmark  

SciTech Connect

The SCIENTIFIC WORKSTATION EVALUATION BENCHMARK software includes 16 programs which are executed in a well-defined scenario to measure the following performance capabilities of a scientific workstation: implementation of FORTRAN77, processor speed, memory management, disk I/O, monitor (or display) output, scheduling of processing (multiprocessing), and scheduling of print tasks (spooling). The benchmark programs are: DK1, DK2, and DK3, which do Fourier series fitting based on spline techniques; JC1, which checks the FORTRAN function routines which produce numerical results; JD1 and JD2, which solve dense systems of linear equations in double and single-precision, respectively; JD3 and JD4, which perform matrix multiplication in single and double-precision, respectively; RB1, RB2, and RB3, which perform substantial amounts of I/O processing on files other than the input and output files; RR1, which does intense single-precision floating-point multiplication in a tight loop; RR2, which initializes a 512x512 integer matrix in a manner which skips around in the address space rather than initializing each consecutive memory cell in turn; RR3, which writes alternating text buffers to the output file; RR4, which evaluates the timer routines and demonstrates that they conform to the specification; and RR5, which determines whether the workstation is capable of executing a 4-megabyte program.

Raffenetti, R.C. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States)

1992-03-02

213

Pynamic: the Python Dynamic Benchmark  

SciTech Connect

Python is widely used in scientific computing to facilitate application development and to support features such as computational steering. Making full use of some of Python's popular features, which improve programmer productivity, leads to applications that access extremely high numbers of dynamically linked libraries (DLLs). As a result, some important Python-based applications severely stress a system's dynamic linking and loading capabilities and also cause significant difficulties for most development environment tools, such as debuggers. Furthermore, using the Python paradigm for large scale MPI-based applications can create significant file IO and further stress tools and operating systems. In this paper, we present Pynamic, the first benchmark program to support configurable emulation of a wide-range of the DLL usage of Python-based applications for large scale systems. Pynamic has already accurately reproduced system software and tool issues encountered by important large Python-based scientific applications on our supercomputers. Pynamic provided insight for our system software and tool vendors, and our application developers, into the impact of several design decisions. As we describe the Pynamic benchmark, we will highlight some of the issues discovered in our large scale system software and tools using Pynamic.

Lee, G L; Ahn, D H; de Supinksi, B R; Gyllenhaal, J C; Miller, P J

2007-07-10

214

Mutual Fund Performance Evaluation: A Comparison of Benchmarks and Benchmark Comparisons  

Microsoft Academic Search

Our primary goal in this paper is to ascertain whether the absolute and relative rankings of managed funds are sensitive to the benchmark chosen to measure normal performance. We employ the standard CAPM benchmarks and a variety of APT benchmarks to investigate this question. We found that there is little similarity between the absolute and relative mutual fund rankings obtained

Bruce N. Lehmann; David M. Modest

1987-01-01

215

VENUS-2 MOX Core Benchmark: Results of ORNL Calculations Using HELIOS-1.4  

SciTech Connect

The Task Force on Reactor-Based Plutonium Disposition, now an Expert Group, was set up through the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development/Nuclear Energy Agency to facilitate technical assessments of burning weapons-grade plutonium mixed-oxide (MOX) fuel in U.S. pressurized-water reactors and Russian VVER nuclear reactors. More than ten countries participated to advance the work of the Task Force in a major initiative, which was a blind benchmark study to compare code benchmark calculations against experimental data for the VENUS-2 MOX core at SCK-CEN in Mol, Belgium. At the Oak Ridge National Laboratory, the HELIOS-1.4 code was used to perform a comprehensive study of pin-cell and core calculations for the VENUS-2 benchmark.

Ellis, RJ

2001-02-02

216

Standing adult human phantoms based on 10th, 50th and 90th mass and height percentiles of male and female Caucasian populations  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Computational anthropomorphic human phantoms are useful tools developed for the calculation of absorbed or equivalent dose to radiosensitive organs and tissues of the human body. The problem is, however, that, strictly speaking, the results can be applied only to a person who has the same anatomy as the phantom, while for a person with different body mass and/or standing height the data could be wrong. In order to improve this situation for many areas in radiological protection, this study developed 18 anthropometric standing adult human phantoms, nine models per gender, as a function of the 10th, 50th and 90th mass and height percentiles of Caucasian populations. The anthropometric target parameters for body mass, standing height and other body measures were extracted from PeopleSize, a well-known software package used in the area of ergonomics. The phantoms were developed based on the assumption of a constant body-mass index for a given mass percentile and for different heights. For a given height, increase or decrease of body mass was considered to reflect mainly the change of subcutaneous adipose tissue mass, i.e. that organ masses were not changed. Organ mass scaling as a function of height was based on information extracted from autopsy data. The methods used here were compared with those used in other studies, anatomically as well as dosimetrically. For external exposure, the results show that equivalent dose decreases with increasing body mass for organs and tissues located below the subcutaneous adipose tissue layer, such as liver, colon, stomach, etc, while for organs located at the surface, such as breasts, testes and skin, the equivalent dose increases or remains constant with increasing body mass due to weak attenuation and more scatter radiation caused by the increasing adipose tissue mass. Changes of standing height have little influence on the equivalent dose to organs and tissues from external exposure. Specific absorbed fractions (SAFs) have also been calculated with the 18 anthropometric phantoms. The results show that SAFs decrease with increasing height and increase with increasing body mass. The calculated data suggest that changes of the body mass may have a significant effect on equivalent doses, primarily for external exposure to organs and tissue located below the adipose tissue layer, while for superficial organs, for changes of height and for internal exposures the effects on equivalent dose are small to moderate.

Cassola, V. F.; Milian, F. M.; Kramer, R.; de Oliveira Lira, C. A. B.; Khoury, H. J.

2011-07-01

217

IBC's 23rd Antibody Engineering and 10th Antibody Therapeutics Conferences and the Annual Meeting of The Antibody Society: December 2-6, 2012, San Diego, CA.  

PubMed

Now in its 23rd and 10th years, respectively, the Antibody Engineering and Antibody Therapeutics conferences are the Annual Meeting of The Antibody Society. The scientific program covers the full spectrum of challenges in antibody research and development from basic science through clinical development. In this preview of the conferences, the chairs provide their thoughts on sessions that will allow participants to track emerging trends in (1) the development of next-generation immunomodulatory antibodies; (2) the complexity of the environment in which antibodies must function; (3) antibody-targeted central nervous system (CNS) therapies that cross the blood brain barrier; (4) the extension of antibody half-life for improved efficacy and pharmacokinetics (PK)/pharmacodynamics (PD); and (5) the application of next generation DNA sequencing to accelerate antibody research. A pre-conference workshop on Sunday, December 2, 2012 will update participants on recent intellectual property (IP) law changes that affect antibody research, including biosimilar legislation, the America Invents Act and recent court cases. Keynote presentations will be given by Andreas Plückthun (University of Zürich), who will speak on engineering receptor ligands with powerful cellular responses; Gregory Friberg (Amgen Inc.), who will provide clinical updates of bispecific antibodies; James D. Marks (University of California, San Francisco), who will discuss a systems approach to generating tumor targeting antibodies; Dario Neri (Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zürich), who will speak about delivering immune modulators at the sites of disease; William M. Pardridge (University of California, Los Angeles), who will discuss delivery across the blood-brain barrier; and Peter Senter (Seattle Genetics, Inc.), who will present his vision for the future of antibody-drug conjugates. For more information on these meetings or to register to attend, please visit www.IBCLifeSciences.com/AntibodyEng or call 800-390-4078. Members of The Antibody Society and mAbs journal subscribers receive a 20% discount for meeting registration. To obtain this discount, email kdostie@ibcusa.com. mAbs is the official therapeutics journal of The Antibody Society and offers a discounted subscription to Society members for $49. PMID:23007482

Marquardt, John; Begent, Richard H J; Chester, Kerry; Huston, James S; Bradbury, Andrew; Scott, Jamie K; Thorpe, Philip E; Veldman, Trudi; Reichert, Janice M; Weiner, Louis M

2012-01-01

218

Perspective: Selected benchmarks from commercial CFD codes  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper summarizes the results of a series of five benchmark simulations which were completed using commercial Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) codes. These simulations were performed by the vendors themselves, and then reported by them in ASME`s CFD Triathlon Forum and CFD Biathlon Forum. The first group of benchmarks consisted of three laminar flow problems. These were the steady, two-dimensional

C. J. Freitas

1995-01-01

219

Shielding Integral Benchmark Archive and Database (SINBAD)  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Shielding Integral Benchmark Archive and Database (SINBAD) collection of benchmarks was initiated in the early 1990s. SINBAD is an international collaboration between the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development's Nuclear Energy Agency Data Bank (OECD\\/NEADB) and the Radiation Safety Information Computational Center (RSICC) at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL). SINBAD is a major attempt to compile experiments and corresponding

Bernadette Lugue Kirk; Robert E Grove; I. Kodeli; Enrico Sartori; J. Gulliford

2011-01-01

220

Beyond Benchmarking: Value-Adding Metrics  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

HR metrics has grown up a bit over the past two decades, moving away from simple benchmarking practices and toward a more inclusive approach to measuring institutional performance and progress. In this article, the acknowledged "father" of human capital performance benchmarking provides an overview of several aspects of today's HR metrics…

Fitz-enz, Jac

2007-01-01

221

Benchmarking Learning and Teaching: Developing a Method  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: To develop a method for benchmarking teaching and learning in response to an institutional need to validate a new program in Dentistry at the University of Sydney, Australia. Design/methodology/approach: After a collaborative partner, University of Adelaide, was identified, the areas of teaching and learning to be benchmarked, PBL…

Henderson-Smart, Cheryl; Winning, Tracey; Gerzina, Tania; King, Shalinie; Hyde, Sarah

2006-01-01

222

International Benchmarking of Vocational Education and Training  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report critically examines two approaches to benchmarking vocational education and training (VET) - benchmarking through performance indicators and comparative case studies. The author finds both approaches provide useful information, although the case study approach enables a more thorough analysis of particular issues and can take greater…

Wyatt, Tim

2004-01-01

223

Introduction to the HPC Challenge Benchmark Suite  

Microsoft Academic Search

The HPC Challenge benchmark suite has been released by the DARPA HPCS program to help define the performance boundaries of future Petascale computing systems. HPC Challenge is a suite of tests that examine the performance of HPC architectures using kernels with memory access patterns more challenging than those of the High Performance Linpack (HPL) benchmark used in the Top500 list.

Piotr Luszczek; Jack J. Dongarra; David Koester; Rolf Rabenseifner; Bob Lucas; Jeremy Kepner; John McCalpin; David Bailey; Daisuke Takahashi

2005-01-01

224

Best practice benchmarking: a route to competitiveness?  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines the use of best practice benchmarking as an approach to performance improvement in the airline industry. The case study draws upon phenomenological evidence from the aircraft maintenance section of Britannia Airways. A range of benchmarking issues, which could be applied to different divisions of an airline are highlighted. In particular, inter disciplinary team building, employee involvement, relationships

Graham Francis; Matthew Hinton; Jacky Holloway; Ian Humphreys

1999-01-01

225

Rodinia: A benchmark suite for heterogeneous computing  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents and characterizes Rodinia, a benchmark suite for heterogeneous computing. To help architects study emerging platforms such as GPUs (Graphics Processing Units), Rodinia includes applications and kernels which target multi-core CPU and GPU platforms. The choice of applications is inspired by Berkeley's dwarf taxonomy. Our characterization shows that the Rodinia benchmarks cover a wide range of parallel communication

Shuai Che; Michael Boyer; Jiayuan Meng; David Tarjan; Jeremy W. Sheaffer; Sang-ha Lee; Kevin Skadron

2009-01-01

226

Benchmarking Helps Measure Union Programs, Operations.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Explores three examples of benchmarking by college student unions. Focuses on how a union can collect information from other unions for use as benchmarking standards for the purposes of selling a concept or justifying program increases, or for comparing a union's financial performance to other unions. (EV)

Mann, Jerry

2001-01-01

227

Benchmarking Database Systems A Systematic Approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes a customized database and a comprehensive set of queries that can be used for systematic benchmarking of relational database systems. Designing this database and a set of carefully tuned benchmarks represents a first attempt in developing a scientific methodology for performance evaluation of database management systems. We have used this database to perform a comparative evaluation of

Dina Bitton; David J. Dewitt; Carolyn Turbyfill

1983-01-01

228

A Simplified HTTR Diffusion Theory Benchmark  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Georgia Institute of Technology (GA-Tech) recently developed a transport theory benchmark based closely on the geometry and the features of the HTTR reactor that is operational in Japan. Though simplified, the benchmark retains all the principal physical features of the reactor and thus provides a realistic and challenging test for the codes. The purpose of this paper is twofold.

Rodolfo M. Ferrer; Abderrafi M. Ougouag; Farzad Rahnema

2010-01-01

229

DARPA February 1992 ATIS benchmark test results  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper documents the third in a series of Benchmark Tests for the DARPA Air Travel Information System (ATIS) common task domain. The first results in this series were reported at the June 1990 Speech and Natural Language Workshop [1], and the second at the February 1991 Speech and Natural Language Workshop [2]. The February 1992 Benchmark Tests include: (1)

David S. Pallett; Nancy L. Dahlgren; Jonathan G. Fiscus; William M. Fisher; John S. Garofolo; Brett C. Tjaden

1992-01-01

230

Benchmarking Database Systems A Systematic Approach  

E-print Network

Benchmarking Database Systems A Systematic Approach Dina Bitton David J. DeWitt Carolyn Turbyfill-81ER10920. #12;ABSTRACT This paper describes a customized database and a comprehensive set of queries that can be used for sys- tematic benchmarking of relational database systems. Designing this database

Liblit, Ben

231

Benchmarking--Measuring and Comparing for Continuous Improvement.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discussion of benchmarking focuses on the use of internal and external benchmarking by special librarians. Highlights include defining types of benchmarking; historical development; benefits, including efficiency, improved performance, increased competitiveness, and better decision making; problems, including inappropriate adaptation; developing a…

Henczel, Sue

2002-01-01

232

Linear Road : benchmarking stream-based data management systems  

E-print Network

This thesis describes the design, implementation, and execution of the Linear Road benchmark for stream-based data management systems. The motivation for benchmarking and the selection of the benchmark application are ...

Tibbetts, Richard S. (Richard Singleton), 1979-

2003-01-01

233

Benchmarking ICRF simulations for ITER  

SciTech Connect

Abstract Benchmarking of full-wave solvers for ICRF simulations is performed using plasma profiles and equilibria obtained from integrated self-consistent modeling predictions of four ITER plasmas. One is for a high performance baseline (5.3 T, 15 MA) DT H-mode plasma. The others are for half-field, half-current plasmas of interest for the pre-activation phase with bulk plasma ion species being either hydrogen or He4. The predicted profiles are used by seven groups to predict the ICRF electromagnetic fields and heating profiles. Approximate agreement is achieved for the predicted heating power partitions for the DT and He4 cases. Profiles of the heating powers and electromagnetic fields are compared.

R. V. Budny, L. Berry, R. Bilato, P. Bonoli, M. Brambilla, R.J. Dumont, A. Fukuyama, R. Harvey, E.F. Jaeger, E. Lerche, C.K. Phillips, V. Vdovin, J. Wright, and members of the ITPA-IOS

2010-09-28

234

Benchmarking Multipacting Simulations in VORPAL  

SciTech Connect

We will present the results of benchmarking simulations run to test the ability of VORPAL to model multipacting processes in Superconducting Radio Frequency structures. VORPAL is an electromagnetic (FDTD) particle-in-cell simulation code originally developed for applications in plasma and beam physics. The addition of conformal boundaries and algorithms for secondary electron emission allow VORPAL to be applied to multipacting processes. We start with simulations of multipacting between parallel plates where there are well understood theoretical predictions for the frequency bands where multipacting is expected to occur. We reproduce the predicted multipacting bands and demonstrate departures from the theoretical predictions when a more sophisticated model of secondary emission is used. Simulations of existing cavity structures developed at Jefferson National Laboratories will also be presented where we compare results from VORPAL to experimental data.

C. Nieter, C. Roark, P. Stoltz, K. Tian

2009-05-01

235

NASA Software Engineering Benchmarking Study  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

To identify best practices for the improvement of software engineering on projects, NASA's Offices of Chief Engineer (OCE) and Safety and Mission Assurance (OSMA) formed a team led by Heather Rarick and Sally Godfrey to conduct this benchmarking study. The primary goals of the study are to identify best practices that: Improve the management and technical development of software intensive systems; Have a track record of successful deployment by aerospace industries, universities [including research and development (R&D) laboratories], and defense services, as well as NASA's own component Centers; and Identify candidate solutions for NASA's software issues. Beginning in the late fall of 2010, focus topics were chosen and interview questions were developed, based on the NASA top software challenges. Between February 2011 and November 2011, the Benchmark Team interviewed a total of 18 organizations, consisting of five NASA Centers, five industry organizations, four defense services organizations, and four university or university R and D laboratory organizations. A software assurance representative also participated in each of the interviews to focus on assurance and software safety best practices. Interviewees provided a wealth of information on each topic area that included: software policy, software acquisition, software assurance, testing, training, maintaining rigor in small projects, metrics, and use of the Capability Maturity Model Integration (CMMI) framework, as well as a number of special topics that came up in the discussions. NASA's software engineering practices compared favorably with the external organizations in most benchmark areas, but in every topic, there were ways in which NASA could improve its practices. Compared to defense services organizations and some of the industry organizations, one of NASA's notable weaknesses involved communication with contractors regarding its policies and requirements for acquired software. One of NASA's strengths was its software assurance practices, which seemed to rate well in comparison to the other organizational groups and also seemed to include a larger scope of activities. An unexpected benefit of the software benchmarking study was the identification of many opportunities for collaboration in areas including metrics, training, sharing of CMMI experiences and resources such as instructors and CMMI Lead Appraisers, and even sharing of assets such as documented processes. A further unexpected benefit of the study was the feedback on NASA practices that was received from some of the organizations interviewed. From that feedback, other potential areas where NASA could improve were highlighted, such as accuracy of software cost estimation and budgetary practices. The detailed report contains discussion of the practices noted in each of the topic areas, as well as a summary of observations and recommendations from each of the topic areas. The resulting 24 recommendations from the topic areas were then consolidated to eliminate duplication and culled into a set of 14 suggested actionable recommendations. This final set of actionable recommendations, listed below, are items that can be implemented to improve NASA's software engineering practices and to help address many of the items that were listed in the NASA top software engineering issues. 1. Develop and implement standard contract language for software procurements. 2. Advance accurate and trusted software cost estimates for both procured and in-house software and improve the capture of actual cost data to facilitate further improvements. 3. Establish a consistent set of objectives and expectations, specifically types of metrics at the Agency level, so key trends and models can be identified and used to continuously improve software processes and each software development effort. 4. Maintain the CMMI Maturity Level requirement for critical NASA projects and use CMMI to measure organizations developing software for NASA. 5.onsolidate, collect and, if needed, develop common processes principles and other assets across t

Rarick, Heather L.; Godfrey, Sara H.; Kelly, John C.; Crumbley, Robert T.; Wifl, Joel M.

2013-01-01

236

Zum Kolloquium in Klasse 10 der Hauptschule im Fach Englisch: Erfahrungen und Anregungen (On the Oral Examination in English in the 10th Grade of the Hauptschule: Experiences and Suggestions).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

States the requirements for graduation from the augmented 10-year Hauptschule (a "terminal" school) in Lower Saxony. Current examination practice is described and suggestions for improvement given. (IFS/WGA)

Wille, Ernst

1979-01-01

237

Risk factors for bulk milk somatic cell counts and total bacterial counts in smallholder dairy farms in the 10th region of Chile.  

PubMed

We investigated the principal management factors that influenced bulk milk somatic cell count (BMSCC) and total bacterial count (TBC) of smallholder dairy farms in the 10th region of Chile. One hundred and fifty smallholder milk producers were selected randomly from 42 milk collection centres (MCCs). In April and May of 2002, all farms were visited and a detailed interview questionnaire on dairy-cow management related to milk quality was conducted. In addition, the BMSCC and TBC results from the previous 2 months' fortnightly tests were obtained from the MCCs. The mean BMSCC and TBC were used as the dependent variables in the analyses and were normalised by a natural-logarithm transformation (LN). All independent management variables were categorised into binary outcomes and present (=1) was compared with absent (=0). Biserial correlations were calculated between the LNBMSCC or LNTBC and the management factors of the smallholder farms. Management factors with correlations with P0.05) factors. A random MCC effect was included in the models to investigate the importance of clustering of herds within MCC. In the null model for mean LNTBC, the random effect of MCCs was highly significant. It was explained by: milk collected once a day or less compared with collection twice a day, not cleaning the bucket after milking mastitic cows versus cleaning the bucket and cooling milk in a vat of water versus not cooling milk or using ice or a bulk tank to cool milk. Other factors that increased the LNTBC were a waiting yard with a soil or gravel floor versus concrete, use of plastic buckets for milking instead of metal, not feeding California mastitis test (CMT)-positive milk to calves and cows of dual-purpose breed. The final model explained 35% of the variance. The model predicted that a herd that complied with all the management practices had a mean predicted TBC of 105 colony forming units (cfu)/ml, whereas a herd that did not comply with any of these management factors had a predicted TBC of 59 x 10(9)cfu/ml. The model of mean LNBMSCC explained 18% of the variance; the random effect of MCC was not significant. Management factors that decreased the mean LNBMSCC were: using the CMT for 1 year versus using the test for more than 1 year or not at all, absence of a concrete waiting yard, not filtering the milk or using filters other than a plastic sieve to filter the milk, milking cows with mastitis last, and sometimes or always examining the udder before milking. A herd that complied with all of these management factors had a BMSCC of approximately 46,166 cells/ml, whereas a herd that did not comply with any of the management practices above had a mean BMSCC of 2 x 10(6)cells/ml. PMID:15698905

van Schaik, G; Green, L E; Guzmán, D; Esparza, H; Tadich, N

2005-01-01

238

Plus and Minus Grading.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The current official policy of the California community colleges on grading prohibits the use of plus and minus symbols to modify a standard letter grade. Plus and minus grades may influence a student's grade point average (GPA) either through statistical effects or psychological effects on teachers and students. At its fall 1985 session, and…

Farland, Ronnald; Cepeda, Rita

239

7 CFR 810.105 - Grades and grade requirements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Agriculture 7 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Grades and grade requirements. 810.105 Section 810.105 Agriculture...UNITED STATES STANDARDS FOR GRAIN General Provisions Grades, Grade Requirements, and Grade Designations §...

2010-01-01

240

Developing integrated benchmarks for DOE performance measurement  

SciTech Connect

The objectives of this task were to describe and evaluate selected existing sources of information on occupational safety and health with emphasis on hazard and exposure assessment, abatement, training, reporting, and control identifying for exposure and outcome in preparation for developing DOE performance benchmarks. Existing resources and methodologies were assessed for their potential use as practical performance benchmarks. Strengths and limitations of current data resources were identified. Guidelines were outlined for developing new or improved performance factors, which then could become the basis for selecting performance benchmarks. Data bases for non-DOE comparison populations were identified so that DOE performance could be assessed relative to non-DOE occupational and industrial groups. Systems approaches were described which can be used to link hazards and exposure, event occurrence, and adverse outcome factors, as needed to generate valid, reliable, and predictive performance benchmarks. Data bases were identified which contain information relevant to one or more performance assessment categories . A list of 72 potential performance benchmarks was prepared to illustrate the kinds of information that can be produced through a benchmark development program. Current information resources which may be used to develop potential performance benchmarks are limited. There is need to develop an occupational safety and health information and data system in DOE, which is capable of incorporating demonstrated and documented performance benchmarks prior to, or concurrent with the development of hardware and software. A key to the success of this systems approach is rigorous development and demonstration of performance benchmark equivalents to users of such data before system hardware and software commitments are institutionalized.

Barancik, J.I.; Kramer, C.F.; Thode, Jr. H.C.

1992-09-30

241

Pollution prevention opportunity assessment benchmarking: Recommendations for Hanford  

SciTech Connect

Pollution Prevention Opportunity Assessments (P2OAs) are an important first step in any pollution prevention program. While P2OAs have been and are being conducted at Hanford, there exists no standard guidance, training, tracking, or systematic approach to identifying and addressing the most important waste streams. The purpose of this paper then is to serve as a guide to the Pollution Prevention group at Westinghouse Hanford in developing and implementing P2OAs at Hanford. By searching the literature and benchmarks other sites and agencies, the best elements from those programs can be incorporated and pitfalls more easily avoided. This search began with the 1988 document that introduces P2OAs (then called Process Waste Assessments, PWAS) by the Environmental Protection Agency. This important document presented the basic framework of P20A features which appeared in almost all later programs. Major Department of Energy programs were also examined, with particular attention to the Defense Programs P20A method of a graded approach, as presented at the Kansas City Plant. The graded approach is a system of conducting P2OAs of varying levels of detail depending on the size and importance of the waste stream. Finally, private industry programs were examined briefly. While all the benchmarked programs had excellent features, it was determined that the size and mission of Hanford precluded lifting any one program for use. Thus, a series of recommendations were made, based on the literature review, in order to begin an extensive program of P2OAs at Hanford. These recommendations are in the areas of: facility Pollution Prevention teams, P20A scope and methodology, guidance documents, training for facilities (and management), technical and informational support, tracking and measuring success, and incentives.

Engel, J.A.

1994-05-01

242

Toxicological benchmarks for synfuels characterization  

SciTech Connect

High-boiling petroleum distillates are quite different from crude coal liquids of similar boiling range and more likel hydrotreated coal liquids in their content of PAH dermal tumorigens, tumorigenicity, and mutagenicity. Refining levels our differences in the composition among the crude oils, and lesser compositional differences are observed for their refined naphthas. Differences (if any) in the toxicity of the vapors of the naphthas are likely to be small and subtle. More complex and comprehensive biological testing would be required to quantitate differences in potential health effects. However, the results suggest that the HFO/HD and VGO distillates of these petroleum crude oils are not substantially more mutagenic or tumorigenic than the undistilled petroleum crude oils, in comparison to crude coal liquids. Thus, there do not appear to be any substantial advantages to preparing and using distillate fractions (at least of these) petroleum crude oils as benchmarks for comparative mutagenicity and tumorigenicity testing. The original data in the literature on unfractionated petroleum crude oils appear suitable for comparison with coal liquids. The concentrations of selected four- to six-ring PAH dermal tumorigens in the high boiling distillate fractions of lighter petroleum crude oils were found to be only ca. 2.5 times more concentrated than in the undistilled crude oils. Further, these PAH in the distillate fractions were at least one to two orders of magnitude lower than in crude coal liquids of comparable boiling range, and more similar to those of hydrotreated coal liquids. 26 refs., 2 figs., 12 tabs.

Griest, W.H.; Tomkins, B.A.; Smith, L.H.; Buchanan, M.V.; Higgins, C.E.; Epler, J.L.; Witschi, H.R.

1986-08-01

243

Metrics and Benchmarks for Visualization  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

What is a "good" visualization? How can the quality of a visualization be measured? How can one tell whether one visualization is "better" than another? I claim that the true quality of a visualization can only be measured in the context of a particular purpose. The same image generated from the same data may be excellent for one purpose and abysmal for another. A good measure of visualization quality will correspond to the performance of users in accomplishing the intended purpose, so the "gold standard" is user testing. As a user of visualization software (or at least a consultant to such users) I don't expect visualization software to have been tested in this way for every possible use. In fact, scientific visualization (as distinct from more "production oriented" uses of visualization) will continually encounter new data, new questions and new purposes; user testing can never keep up. User need software they can trust, and advice on appropriate visualizations of particular purposes. Considering the following four processes, and their impact on visualization trustworthiness, reveals important work needed to create worthwhile metrics and benchmarks for visualization. These four processes are (1) complete system testing (user-in-loop), (2) software testing, (3) software design and (4) information dissemination. Additional information is contained in the original extended abstract.

Uselton, Samuel P.; Lasinski, T. A. (Technical Monitor)

1995-01-01

244

Benchmark problems in computational aeroacoustics  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A recent directive at NASA Langley is aimed at numerically predicting principal noise sources. During my summer stay, I worked with high-order ENO code, developed by Dr. Harold Atkins, for solving the unsteady compressible Navier-Stokes equations, as it applies to computational aeroacoustics (CAA). A CAA workshop, composed of six categories of benchmark problems, has been organized to test various numerical properties of code. My task was to determine the robustness of Atkins' code for these test problems. In one category, we tested the nonlinear wave propagation of the code for the one-dimensional Euler equations, with initial pressure, density, and velocity conditions. Using freestream boundary conditions, our results were plausible. In another category, we solved the linearized two-dimensional Euler equations to test the effectiveness of radiation boundary conditions. Here we utilized MAPLE to compute eigenvalues and eigenvectors of the Jacobian given variable and flux vectors. We experienced a minor problem with inflow and outflow boundary conditions. Next, we solved the quasi one dimensional unsteady flow equations with an incoming acoustic wave of amplitude 10(exp -6). The small amplitude sound wave was incident on a convergent-divergent nozzle. After finding a steady-state solution and then marching forward, our solution indicated that after 30 periods the acoustic wave had dissipated (a period is time required for sound wave to traverse one end of nozzle to other end).

Porter-Locklear, Freda

1994-01-01

245

MIDACO software performance on interplanetary trajectory benchmarks  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A numerical study of the MIDACO optimization software on the well known GTOP benchmark set, published by the European Space Agency (ESA), is presented. The GTOP database provides trajectory models of real-world interplanetary space missions such as Cassini, Messenger or Rosetta. The trajectory models are formulated as constrained nonlinear optimization problems and are known to be difficult to solve. Here a comprehensive and rigorous numerical analysis of the MIDACO out-of-the-box performance on the GTOP benchmark set is presented and discussed. In the past, the putative best known solutions of these benchmarks often required several months and even years to be found. In this contribution it will be shown, that MIDACO is able to solve five out of seven of these benchmarks to their best known solution within minutes to hours.

Schlueter, Martin

2014-08-01

246

Benchmarking Sustainability: the use of Indicators  

E-print Network

Benchmarking Sustainability: the use of Indicators Introduction The concept of sustainable development is both very popular and elusive. The overwhelming appeal of sustainability is situated to build a generally shared perception of sustainable development (Butler, 1998). For many people

Zaferatos, Nicholas C.

247

Toward Scalable Benchmarks for Mass Storage Systems  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This paper presents guidelines for the design of a mass storage system benchmark suite, along with preliminary suggestions for programs to be included. The benchmarks will measure both peak and sustained performance of the system as well as predicting both short- and long-term behavior. These benchmarks should be both portable and scalable so they may be used on storage systems from tens of gigabytes to petabytes or more. By developing a standard set of benchmarks that reflect real user workload, we hope to encourage system designers and users to publish performance figures that can be compared with those of other systems. This will allow users to choose the system that best meets their needs and give designers a tool with which they can measure the performance effects of improvements to their systems.

Miller, Ethan L.

1996-01-01

248

Benchmark calculations from summarized data: an example  

SciTech Connect

Benchmark calculations often are made from data extracted from publications. Such datamay not be in a formmost appropriate for benchmark analysis, and, as a result, suboptimal and/or non-standard benchmark analyses are often applied. This problem can be mitigated in some cases using Monte Carlo computational methods that allow the likelihood of the published data to be calculated while still using an appropriate benchmark dose (BMD) definition. Such an approach is illustrated herein using data from a study of workers exposed to styrene, in which a hybrid BMD calculation is implemented from dose response data reported only as means and standard deviations of ratios of scores on neuropsychological tests from exposed subjects to corresponding scores from matched controls. The likelihood of the data is computed using a combination of analytic and Monte Carlo integration methods.

Crump, K. S.; Teeguarden, Justin G.

2009-03-01

249

The FLUKA code: description and benchmarking  

SciTech Connect

The physics model implemented inside the FLUKA code are briefly described, with emphasis on hadronic interactions. Examples of the capabilities of the code are presented including basic (thin target) and complex benchmarks.

Battistoni, G.; Muraro, S.; Sala, P. R. [INFN sezione di Milano, via Celoria 16, I-20133 Milan (Italy); Cerutti, F.; Ferrari, A.; Roesler, S. [CERN, CH-1211 GENEVE 23 (Switzerland); Fasso, A. [SLAC, Stanford (United States); Ranft, J. [Siegen University (Germany)

2007-03-19

250

The FLUKA Code: Description And Benchmarking  

SciTech Connect

The physics model implemented inside the FLUKA code are briefly described, with emphasis on hadronic interactions. Examples of the capabilities of the code are presented including basic (thin target) and complex benchmarks.

Battistoni, Giuseppe; Muraro, S.; Sala, Paola R.; /INFN, Milan; Cerutti, Fabio; Ferrari, A.; Roesler, Stefan; /CERN; Fasso, A.; /SLAC; Ranft, J.; /Siegen U.

2007-09-18

251

Implementation of NAS Parallel Benchmarks in Java  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A number of features make Java an attractive but a debatable choice for High Performance Computing (HPC). In order to gauge the applicability of Java to the Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) we have implemented NAS Parallel Benchmarks in Java. The performance and scalability of the benchmarks point out the areas where improvement in Java compiler technology and in Java thread implementation would move Java closer to Fortran in the competition for CFD applications.

Frumkin, Michael; Schultz, Matthew; Jin, Hao-Qiang; Yan, Jerry

2000-01-01

252

A framework for benchmarking land models  

SciTech Connect

Land models, which have been developed by the modeling community in the past few decades to predict future states of ecosystems and climate, have to be critically evaluated for their performance skills of simulating ecosystem responses and feedback to climate change. Benchmarking is an emerging procedure to measure performance of models against a set of defined standards. This paper proposes a benchmarking framework for evaluation of land model performances and, meanwhile, highlights major challenges at this infant stage of benchmark analysis. The framework includes (1) targeted aspects of model performance to be evaluated, (2) a set of benchmarks as defined references to test model performance, (3) metrics to measure and compare performance skills among models so as to identify model strengths and deficiencies, and (4) model improvement. Land models are required to simulate exchange of water, energy, carbon and sometimes other trace gases between the atmosphere and land surface, and should be evaluated for their simulations of biophysical processes, biogeochemical cycles, and vegetation dynamics in response to climate change across broad temporal and spatial scales. Thus, one major challenge is to select and define a limited number of benchmarks to effectively evaluate land model performance. The second challenge is to develop metrics of measuring mismatches between models and benchmarks. The metrics may include (1) a priori thresholds of acceptable model performance and (2) a scoring system to combine data–model mismatches for various processes at different temporal and spatial scales. The benchmark analyses should identify clues of weak model performance to guide future development, thus enabling improved predictions of future states of ecosystems and climate. The near-future research effort should be on development of a set of widely acceptable benchmarks that can be used to objectively, effectively, and reliably evaluate fundamental properties of land models to improve their prediction performance skills.

Luo, Yiqi; Randerson, J.; Abramowitz, G.; Bacour, C.; Blyth, E.; Carvalhais, N.; Ciais, Philippe; Dalmonech, D.; Fisher, J.B.; Fisher, R.; Friedlingstein, P.; Hibbard, Kathleen A.; Hoffman, F. M.; Huntzinger, Deborah; Jones, C.; Koven, C.; Lawrence, David M.; Li, D.J.; Mahecha, M.; Niu, S.L.; Norby, Richard J.; Piao, S.L.; Qi, X.; Peylin, P.; Prentice, I.C.; Riley, William; Reichstein, M.; Schwalm, C.; Wang, Y.; Xia, J. Y.; Zaehle, S.; Zhou, X. H.

2012-10-09

253

A framework for benchmarking land models  

SciTech Connect

Land models, which have been developed by the modeling community in the past few decades to predict future states of ecosystems and climate, have to be critically evaluated for their performance skills of simulating ecosystem responses and feedback to climate change. Benchmarking is an emerging procedure to measure performance of models against a set of defined standards. This paper proposes a benchmarking framework for evaluation of land model performances and, meanwhile, highlights major challenges at this infant stage of benchmark analysis. The framework includes (1) targeted aspects of model performance to be evaluated, (2) a set of benchmarks as defined references to test model performance, (3) metrics to measure and compare performance skills among models so as to identify model strengths and deficiencies, and (4) model improvement. Land models are required to simulate exchange of water, energy, carbon and sometimes other trace gases between the atmosphere and land surface, and should be evaluated for their simulations of biophysical processes, biogeochemical cycles, and vegetation dynamics in response to climate change across broad temporal and spatial scales. Thus, one major challenge is to select and define a limited number of benchmarks to effectively evaluate land model performance. The second challenge is to develop metrics of measuring mismatches between models and benchmarks. The metrics may include (1) a priori thresholds of acceptable model performance and (2) a scoring system to combine data model mismatches for various processes at different temporal and spatial scales. The benchmark analyses should identify clues of weak model performance to guide future development, thus enabling improved predictions of future states of ecosystems and climate. The near-future research effort should be on development of a set of widely acceptable benchmarks that can be used to objectively, effectively, and reliably evaluate fundamental properties of land models to improve their prediction performance skills.

Luo, Yiqi [University of Oklahoma; Randerson, James T. [University of California, Irvine; Hoffman, Forrest [ORNL; Norby, Richard J [ORNL

2012-01-01

254

Simple Benchmark Specifications for Space Radiation Protection  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This report defines space radiation benchmark specifications. This specification starts with simple, monoenergetic, mono-directional particles on slabs and progresses to human models in spacecraft. This report specifies the models and sources needed to what the team performing the benchmark needs to produce in a report. Also included are brief descriptions of how OLTARIS, the NASA Langley website for space radiation analysis, performs its analysis.

Singleterry, Robert C. Jr.; Aghara, Sukesh K.

2013-01-01

255

A synergistic performance management model conjoining benchmarking and motivation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to develop an improved management\\/performance model that yields superior business productivity by conjoining internal benchmarking, external benchmarking, and a strong employee performance\\/behavior paradigm. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – Strengths and weaknesses of conventional benchmarking approaches to productivity maximization are examined through both literature surveys and experiments. Findings – It is found that most benchmarking efforts

Anatoliy G. Goncharuk; Jamie P. Monat

2009-01-01

256

Process benchmarking as a market research tool for strategic planning  

Microsoft Academic Search

Process benchmarking partnerships are emerging as a research tool to help small firms to build a competitive advantage against larger rivals. Managers are now beginning to appreciate the need to benchmark the strategically relevant processes in their value chain. Process benchmarking begins with exploratory qualitative research to determine the core processes to be benchmarked. Quantitative research then follows, using an

Deborah Ralston; April Wright; Jaynendra Kumar

2001-01-01

257

Towards realistic file-system benchmarks with CodeMRI  

Microsoft Academic Search

Benchmarks are crucial to understanding software systems and assessing their performance. In file-system research, synthetic benchmarks are accepted and widely used as substitutes for more realistic and complex workloads. However, synthetic benchmarks are largely based on the benchmark writer's interpretation of the real workload, and how it exercises the system API. This is insufficient since even a simple operation through

Nitin Agrawal; Andrea C. Arpaci-Dusseau; Remzi H. Arpaci-Dusseau

2008-01-01

258

Machine characterization and benchmark performance prediction  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

From runs of standard benchmarks or benchmark suites, it is not possible to characterize the machine nor to predict the run time of other benchmarks which have not been run. A new approach to benchmarking and machine characterization is reported. The creation and use of a machine analyzer is described, which measures the performance of a given machine on FORTRAN source language constructs. The machine analyzer yields a set of parameters which characterize the machine and spotlight its strong and weak points. Also described is a program analyzer, which analyzes FORTRAN programs and determines the frequency of execution of each of the same set of source language operations. It is then shown that by combining a machine characterization and a program characterization, we are able to predict with good accuracy the run time of a given benchmark on a given machine. Characterizations are provided for the Cray-X-MP/48, Cyber 205, IBM 3090/200, Amdahl 5840, Convex C-1, VAX 8600, VAX 11/785, VAX 11/780, SUN 3/50, and IBM RT-PC/125, and for the following benchmark programs or suites: Los Alamos (BMK8A1), Baskett, Linpack, Livermore Loops, Madelbrot Set, NAS Kernels, Shell Sort, Smith, Whetstone and Sieve of Erathostenes.

Saavedra-Barrera, Rafael H.

1988-01-01

259

Benchmarking initiatives in the water industry.  

PubMed

Customer satisfaction and service care are every day pushing professionals in the water industry to seek to improve their performance, lowering costs and increasing the provided service level. Process Benchmarking is generally recognised as a systematic mechanism of comparing one's own utility with other utilities or businesses with the intent of self-improvement by adopting structures or methods used elsewhere. The IWA Task Force on Benchmarking, operating inside the Statistics and Economics Committee, has been committed to developing a general accepted concept of Process Benchmarking to support water decision-makers in addressing issues of efficiency. In a first step the Task Force disseminated among the Committee members a questionnaire focused on providing suggestions about the kind, the evolution degree and the main concepts of Benchmarking adopted in the represented Countries. A comparison among the guidelines adopted in The Netherlands and Scandinavia has recently challenged the Task Force in drafting a methodology for a worldwide process benchmarking in water industry. The paper provides a framework of the most interesting benchmarking experiences in the water sector and describes in detail both the final results of the survey and the methodology focused on identification of possible improvement areas. PMID:11547972

Parena, R; Smeets, E

2001-01-01

260

Pool critical assembly pressure vessel facility benchmark  

SciTech Connect

This pool critical assembly (PCA) pressure vessel wall facility benchmark (PCA benchmark) is described and analyzed in this report. Analysis of the PCA benchmark can be used for partial fulfillment of the requirements for the qualification of the methodology for pressure vessel neutron fluence calculations, as required by the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission regulatory guide DG-1053. Section 1 of this report describes the PCA benchmark and provides all data necessary for the benchmark analysis. The measured quantities, to be compared with the calculated values, are the equivalent fission fluxes. In Section 2 the analysis of the PCA benchmark is described. Calculations with the computer code DORT, based on the discrete-ordinates method, were performed for three ENDF/B-VI-based multigroup libraries: BUGLE-93, SAILOR-95, and BUGLE-96. An excellent agreement of the calculated (C) and measures (M) equivalent fission fluxes was obtained. The arithmetic average C/M for all the dosimeters (total of 31) was 0.93 {+-} 0.03 and 0.92 {+-} 0.03 for the SAILOR-95 and BUGLE-96 libraries, respectively. The average C/M ratio, obtained with the BUGLE-93 library, for the 28 measurements was 0.93 {+-} 0.03 (the neptunium measurements in the water and air regions were overpredicted and excluded from the average). No systematic decrease in the C/M ratios with increasing distance from the core was observed for any of the libraries used.

Remec, I.; Kam, F.B.K. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States)

1997-07-01

261

Benchmarking infrastructure for mutation text mining  

PubMed Central

Background Experimental research on the automatic extraction of information about mutations from texts is greatly hindered by the lack of consensus evaluation infrastructure for the testing and benchmarking of mutation text mining systems. Results We propose a community-oriented annotation and benchmarking infrastructure to support development, testing, benchmarking, and comparison of mutation text mining systems. The design is based on semantic standards, where RDF is used to represent annotations, an OWL ontology provides an extensible schema for the data and SPARQL is used to compute various performance metrics, so that in many cases no programming is needed to analyze results from a text mining system. While large benchmark corpora for biological entity and relation extraction are focused mostly on genes, proteins, diseases, and species, our benchmarking infrastructure fills the gap for mutation information. The core infrastructure comprises (1) an ontology for modelling annotations, (2) SPARQL queries for computing performance metrics, and (3) a sizeable collection of manually curated documents, that can support mutation grounding and mutation impact extraction experiments. Conclusion We have developed the principal infrastructure for the benchmarking of mutation text mining tasks. The use of RDF and OWL as the representation for corpora ensures extensibility. The infrastructure is suitable for out-of-the-box use in several important scenarios and is ready, in its current state, for initial community adoption. PMID:24568600

2014-01-01

262

Quality measures for protein alignment benchmarks.  

PubMed

Multiple protein sequence alignment methods are central to many applications in molecular biology. These methods are typically assessed on benchmark datasets including BALIBASE, OXBENCH, PREFAB and SABMARK, which are important to biologists in making informed choices between programs. In this article, annotations of domain homology and secondary structure are used to define new measures of alignment quality and are used to make the first systematic, independent evaluation of these benchmarks. These measures indicate sensitivity and specificity while avoiding the ambiguous residue correspondences and arbitrary distance cutoffs inherent to structural superpositions. Alignments by selected methods that indicate high-confidence columns (ALIGN-M, DIALIGN-T, FSA and MUSCLE) are also assessed. Fold space coverage and effective benchmark database sizes are estimated by reference to domain annotations, and significant redundancy is found in all benchmarks except SABMARK. Questionable alignments are found in all benchmarks, especially in BALIBASE where 87% of sequences have unknown structure, 20% of columns contain different folds according to SUPERFAMILY and 30% of 'core block' columns have conflicting secondary structure according to DSSP. A careful analysis of current protein multiple alignment benchmarks calls into question their ability to determine reliable algorithm rankings. PMID:20047958

Edgar, Robert C

2010-04-01

263

Ad hoc committee on reactor physics benchmarks  

SciTech Connect

In the spring of 1994, an ad hoc committee on reactor physics benchmarks was formed under the leadership of two American Nuclear Society (ANS) organizations. The ANS-19 Standards Subcommittee of the Reactor Physics Division and the Computational Benchmark Problem Committee of the Mathematics and Computation Division had both seen a need for additional benchmarks to help validate computer codes used for light water reactor (LWR) neutronics calculations. Although individual organizations had employed various means to validate the reactor physics methods that they used for fuel management, operations, and safety, additional work in code development and refinement is under way, and to increase accuracy, there is a need for a corresponding increase in validation. Both organizations thought that there was a need to promulgate benchmarks based on measured data to supplement the LWR computational benchmarks that have been published in the past. By having an organized benchmark activity, the participants also gain by being able to discuss their problems and achievements with others traveling the same route.

Diamond, D.J. [Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, NY (United States); Mosteller, R.D. [Los Alamos National Laboratory, NM (United States); Gehin, J.C. [Lockheed Martin Energy Systems, Oak Ridge, TN (United States)

1996-12-31

264

Beach Hopper Bonanza Grade Level: Second Grade  

E-print Network

Beach Hopper Bonanza Grade Level: Second Grade Developers: Jan Ward, Merry Lojkovic, Kara Davidson the characteristics, behavior, and anatomy of beach hoppers. !" Examine the relationships between the beach hopper (transparent) !" 1-2 buckets !" sieves !" shovel !" small plastic container with lid to hold beach hoppers

265

The skyshine benchmark experiment revisited.  

PubMed

With the coming renaissance of nuclear power, heralded by new nuclear power plant construction in Finland, the issue of qualifying modern tools for calculation becomes prominent. Among the calculations required may be the determination of radiation levels outside the plant owing to skyshine. For example, knowledge of the degree of accuracy in the calculation of gamma skyshine through the turbine hall roof of a BWR plant is important. Modern survey programs which can calculate skyshine dose rates tend to be qualified only by verification with the results of Monte Carlo calculations. However, in the past, exacting experimental work has been performed in the field for gamma skyshine, notably the benchmark work in 1981 by Shultis and co-workers, which considered not just the open source case but also the effects of placing a concrete roof above the source enclosure. The latter case is a better reflection of reality as safety considerations nearly always require the source to be shielded in some way, usually by substantial walls but by a thinner roof. One of the tools developed since that time, which can both calculate skyshine radiation and accurately model the geometrical set-up of an experiment, is the code RANKERN, which is used by Framatome ANP and other organisations for general shielding design work. The following description concerns the use of this code to re-address the experimental results from 1981. This then provides a realistic gauge to validate, but also to set limits on, the program for future gamma skyshine applications within the applicable licensing procedures for all users of the code. PMID:16604694

Terry, Ian R

2005-01-01

266

VENUS-2 Experimental Benchmark Analysis  

SciTech Connect

The VENUS critical facility is a zero power reactor located at SCK-CEN, Mol, Belgium, which for the VENUS-2 experiment utilized a mixed-oxide core with near-weapons-grade plutonium. In addition to the VENUS-2 Core, additional computational variants based on each type of fuel cycle VENUS-2 core (3.3 wt. % UO{sub 2}, 4.0 wt. % UO{sub 2}, and 2.0/2.7 wt.% MOX) were also calculated. The VENUS-2 critical configuration and cell variants have been calculated with MCU-REA, which is a continuous energy Monte Carlo code system developed at Russian Research Center ''Kurchatov Institute'' and is used extensively in the Fissile Materials Disposition Program. The calculations resulted in a k{sub eff} of 0.99652 {+-} 0.00025 and relative pin powers within 2% for UO{sub 2} pins and 3% for MOX pins of the experimental values.

Pavlovichev, A.M.

2001-09-28

267

Graded Fuzzy Rules  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this contribution, we will recall graded fuzzy rules intro- duced in (6) and explain the difierence from the classical fuzzy rules. Moreover, properties of formulae, which are used to formalize the graded fuzzy rules, will be analyzed.

Martina Danková

2007-01-01

268

Storage-Intensive Supercomputing Benchmark Study  

SciTech Connect

Critical data science applications requiring frequent access to storage perform poorly on today's computing architectures. This project addresses efficient computation of data-intensive problems in national security and basic science by exploring, advancing, and applying a new form of computing called storage-intensive supercomputing (SISC). Our goal is to enable applications that simply cannot run on current systems, and, for a broad range of data-intensive problems, to deliver an order of magnitude improvement in price/performance over today's data-intensive architectures. This technical report documents much of the work done under LDRD 07-ERD-063 Storage Intensive Supercomputing during the period 05/07-09/07. The following chapters describe: (1) a new file I/O monitoring tool iotrace developed to capture the dynamic I/O profiles of Linux processes; (2) an out-of-core graph benchmark for level-set expansion of scale-free graphs; (3) an entity extraction benchmark consisting of a pipeline of eight components; and (4) an image resampling benchmark drawn from the SWarp program in the LSST data processing pipeline. The performance of the graph and entity extraction benchmarks was measured in three different scenarios: data sets residing on the NFS file server and accessed over the network; data sets stored on local disk; and data sets stored on the Fusion I/O parallel NAND Flash array. The image resampling benchmark compared performance of software-only to GPU-accelerated. In addition to the work reported here, an additional text processing application was developed that used an FPGA to accelerate n-gram profiling for language classification. The n-gram application will be presented at SC07 at the High Performance Reconfigurable Computing Technologies and Applications Workshop. The graph and entity extraction benchmarks were run on a Supermicro server housing the NAND Flash 40GB parallel disk array, the Fusion-io. The Fusion system specs are as follows: SuperMicro X7DBE Xeon Dual Socket Blackford Server Motherboard; 2 Intel Xeon Dual-Core 2.66 GHz processors; 1 GB DDR2 PC2-5300 RAM (2 x 512); 80GB Hard Drive (Seagate SATA II Barracuda). The Fusion board is presently capable of 4X in a PCIe slot. The image resampling benchmark was run on a dual Xeon workstation with NVIDIA graphics card (see Chapter 5 for full specification). An XtremeData Opteron+FPGA was used for the language classification application. We observed that these benchmarks are not uniformly I/O intensive. The only benchmark that showed greater that 50% of the time in I/O was the graph algorithm when it accessed data files over NFS. When local disk was used, the graph benchmark spent at most 40% of its time in I/O. The other benchmarks were CPU dominated. The image resampling benchmark and language classification showed order of magnitude speedup over software by using co-processor technology to offload the CPU-intensive kernels. Our experiments to date suggest that emerging hardware technologies offer significant benefit to boosting the performance of data-intensive algorithms. Using GPU and FPGA co-processors, we were able to improve performance by more than an order of magnitude on the benchmark algorithms, eliminating the processor bottleneck of CPU-bound tasks. Experiments with a prototype solid state nonvolative memory available today show 10X better throughput on random reads than disk, with a 2X speedup on a graph processing benchmark when compared to the use of local SATA disk.

Cohen, J; Dossa, D; Gokhale, M; Hysom, D; May, J; Pearce, R; Yoo, A

2007-10-30

269

Graded photonic quasicrystals.  

PubMed

We introduce graded photonic quasicrystals and investigate properties of such structures on the example of a Luneburg lens based on a dodecagonal photonic quasicrystal. It is shown that the graded photonic quasicrystal lens has better focusing properties as compared with the graded photonic crystal lens in a frequency range suitable for experimental realization. The proposed graded photonic quasicrystals can be used in optical systems where compact and powerful focusing elements are required. PMID:22739847

Dyachenko, Pavel N; Pavelyev, Vladimir S; Soifer, Victor A

2012-06-15

270

The Meaning of Grades.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Asserts that students see grades as an indicator of effort unconnected to the content of the course while teachers regard grades as a measure of achievement within a discipline. Discusses some of the current controversies and approaches concerning grades and how they relate to school reform. (MJP)

Teixeira, Serna E.

1996-01-01

271

Test Grading the 68332  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents a case study on test grading a modular design, the 68332, Motorola's 32-bit, 68000 family microcontroller. The modular design approach implemented for the 68332 is described along with the testing strategy and benefits of modular design. The tools and methodology used to perform the test grade and to preserve the test grade integrity are also presented. Factors

Tony Cheng; Eric Hoang; David Rivera; Alan Haedge; Jamie Fontenot; Glenn Carson

1991-01-01

272

My Math Grade (percents)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Students work to calculate their own grades in the class. Students will want to keep all of their returned work so that they have access to the grades they received on tests, homework, etc (a study skill they should likely develop anyway), or if grades are on blackboard they can quickly retrieve their scores.

2010-01-01

273

Redesigning Grading--Districtwide  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the first years of his career as a high school math teacher, Matt Townsley was bothered by the fact that his grades penalized students for not learning content quickly. A student could master every standard, but low quiz grades and homework assignments they didn't complete because they didn't understand would lower their final grade

Townsley, Matt

2014-01-01

274

Action-Oriented Benchmarking: Using the CEUS Database to Benchmark Commercial Buildings in California  

SciTech Connect

The 2006 Commercial End Use Survey (CEUS) database developed by the California Energy Commission is a far richer source of energy end-use data for non-residential buildings than has previously been available and opens the possibility of creating new and more powerful energy benchmarking processes and tools. In this article--Part 2 of a two-part series--we describe the methodology and selected results from an action-oriented benchmarking approach using the new CEUS database. This approach goes beyond whole-building energy benchmarking to more advanced end-use and component-level benchmarking that enables users to identify and prioritize specific energy efficiency opportunities - an improvement on benchmarking tools typically in use today.

Mathew, Paul; Mills, Evan; Bourassa, Norman; Brook, Martha

2008-02-01

275

The Relationship of Error Rate and Comprehension in Second and Third Grade Oral Reading Fluency  

PubMed Central

This study explored the relationships of oral reading speed and error rate on comprehension with second and third grade students with identified reading risk. The study included 920 2nd graders and 974 3rd graders. Participants were assessed using Dynamic Indicators of Basic Early Literacy Skills (DIBELS) and the Woodcock Reading Mastery Test (WRMT) Passage Comprehension subtest. Results from this study further illuminate the significant relationships between error rate, oral reading fluency, and reading comprehension performance, and grade-specific guidelines for appropriate error rate levels. Low oral reading fluency and high error rates predict the level of passage comprehension performance. For second grade students below benchmark, a fall assessment error rate of 28% predicts that student comprehension performance will be below average. For third grade students below benchmark, the fall assessment cut point is 14%. Instructional implications of the findings are discussed. PMID:24319307

Abbott, Mary; Wills, Howard; Miller, Angela; Kaufman, Journ

2013-01-01

276

Introduction to the special issue on the joint meeting of the 19th IEEE International Symposium on the Applications of Ferroelectrics and the 10th European Conference on the Applications of Polar Dielectrics.  

PubMed

The joint meeting of the 19th IEEE International Symposium on the Applications of Ferroelectrics and the 10th European Conference on the Applications of Polar Dielectrics took place in Edinburgh from August 9-12, 2010. The conference was attended by 390 delegates from more than 40 different countries. There were 4 plenary speakers, 56 invited speakers, and a further 222 contributed oral presentations in 7 parallel session. In addition there were 215 poster presentations. Key topics addressed at the conference included piezoelectric materials, leadfree piezoelectrics, and multiferroics. PMID:21937301

Tsurumi, Takaaki

2011-09-01

277

Toxicological benchmarks for wildlife: 1994 Revision  

SciTech Connect

The process by which ecological risks of environmental contaminants are evaluated is two-tiered. The first tier is a screening assessment where concentrations of contaminants in the environment are compared to toxicological benchmarks which represent concentrations of chemicals in environmental media (water, sediment, soil, food, etc.) that are presumed to be nonhazardous to the surrounding biota. The second tier is a baseline ecological risk assessment where toxicological benchmarks are one of several lines of evidence used to support or refute the presence of ecological effects. The report presents toxicological benchmarks for assessment of effects of 76 chemicals on 8 representative mammalian wildlife species and 31 chemicals on 9 avian wildlife species. The chemicals are some of those that occur at United States Department of Energy waste sites; the wildlife species were chosen because they are widely distributed and provide a representative range of body sizes and diets. Further descriptions of the chosen wildlife species and chemicals are provided in the report. The benchmarks presented in this report represent values believed to be nonhazardous for the listed wildlife species. These benchmarks only consider contaminant exposure through oral ingestion of contaminated media; exposure through inhalation or direct dermal exposure are not considered in this report.

Opresko, D.M.; Sample, B.E.; Suter, G.W. II

1994-09-01

278

EDITORIAL: Selected papers from the 10th International Workshop on Micro and Nanotechnology for Power Generation and Energy Conversion Applications (PowerMEMS 2010) Selected papers from the 10th International Workshop on Micro and Nanotechnology for Power Generation and Energy Conversion Applications (PowerMEMS 2010)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This special section of Journal of Micromechanics and Microengineering features papers selected from the 10th International Workshop on Micro and Nanotechnology for Power Generation and Energy Conversion Applications (PowerMEMS 2010). The workshop was organized in Leuven, Belgium from 30 November to 3 December 2010 by Katholieke Universiteit Leuven and the imec/Holst Centre. This was a special PowerMEMS Workshop, for several reasons. First of all, we celebrated the 10th anniversary of the workshop: the first PowerMEMS meeting was organized in Sendai, Japan in 2000. None of the organizers or participants of this first meeting could have predicted the impact of the workshop over the next decade. The second reason was that, for the first time, the conference organization spanned two countries: Belgium and the Netherlands. Thanks to the advances in information technology, teams from Katholieke Universiteit Leuven (Belgium) and the imec/Holst Centre in Eindhoven (the Netherlands) have been able to work together seamlessly as one team. The objective of the PowerMEMS Workshop is to stimulate innovation in micro and nanotechnology for power generation and energy conversion applications. Its scope ranges from integrated microelectromechanical systems (MEMS) for power generation, dissipation, harvesting, and management, to novel nanostructures and materials for energy-related applications. True to the objective of the PowerMEMSWorkshop, the 2010 technical program covered a broad range of energy related research, ranging from the nanometer to the millimeter scale, discussed in 5 invited and 52 oral presentations, and 112 posters. This special section includes 14 papers covering vibration energy harvesters, thermal applications and micro power systems. Finally, we wish to express sincere appreciation to the members of the International Steering Committee, the Technical Program Committee and last but not least the Local Organizing Committee. This special issue was edited in collaboration with the staff of IOP Publishing. PowerMEMS 2010 contents Harvesting energy from airflow with a michromachined piezoelectric harvester inside a Helmholtz resonator S P Matova, R Elfrink, R J M Vullers and R van Schaijk Analysis and characterization of triangular electrode structures for electrostatic energy harvestingDaniel Hoffmann, Bernd Folkmer and Yiannos Manoli A smart and self-sufficient frequency tunable vibration energy harvesterC Eichhorn, R Tchagsim, N Wilhelm and P Woias Power output enhancement of a vibration-driven electret generator for wireless sensor applicationsTatsuakira Masaki, Kenji Sakurai, Toru Yokoyama, Masayo Ikuta, Hiroshi Sameshima, Masashi Doi, Tomonori Seki and Masatoshi Oba Harvesting traffic-induced vibrations for structural health monitoring of bridgesT V Galchev, J McCullagh, R L Peterson and K Najafi Dispenser-printed planar thick-film thermoelectric energy generatorsA Chen, D Madan, P K Wright and J W Evans Silicon nanowire arrays as thermoelectric material for a power microgeneratorD Dávila, A Tarancón, M Fernández-Regúlez, C Calaza, M Salleras, A San Paulo and L Fonseca A micro thermal switch with a stiffness-enhanced thermal isolation structureTakashiro Tsukamoto, Masayoshi Esashi and Shuji Tanaka A dielectric liquid contact thermal switch with electrowetting actuationA R McLanahan, C D Richards and R F Richards A self-regulating valve for single-phase liquid cooling of microelectronicsRadu Donose, Michaël De Volder, Jan Peirs and Dominiek Reynaerts A MEMS-enabled 3D zinc-air microbattery with improved discharge characteristics based on a multilayer metallic substructureA Armutlulu, Y Fang, S H Kim, C H Ji, S A Bidstrup Allen and M G Allen Design, fabrication and testing of an air-breathing micro direct methanol fuel cell with compound anode flow fieldLuwen Wang, Yufeng Zhang, Youran Zhao, Zijiang An, Zhiping Zhou and Xiaowei Liu A shadow-mask evaporated pyroMEMS igniterD A de Koninck, D Briand and N F de Rooij Aerodynamic journal bearing with a flexible, damped support operating at 7.2 million DNTobias Wauma

Reynaerts, Dominiek; Vullers, Ruud

2011-10-01

279

Strong quantitative benchmarking of quantum optical devices  

SciTech Connect

Quantum communication devices, such as quantum repeaters, quantum memories, or quantum channels, are unavoidably exposed to imperfections. However, the presence of imperfections can be tolerated, as long as we can verify that such devices retain their quantum advantages. Benchmarks based on witnessing entanglement have proven useful for verifying the true quantum nature of these devices. The next challenge is to characterize how strongly a device is within the quantum domain. We present a method, based on entanglement measures and rigorous state truncation, which allows us to characterize the degree of quantumness of optical devices. This method serves as a quantitative extension to a large class of previously known quantum benchmarks, requiring no additional information beyond what is already used for the nonquantitative benchmarks.

Killoran, N.; Luetkenhaus, N. [Institute for Quantum Computing and Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, N2L 3G1 (Canada)

2011-05-15

280

Benchmark field study of deep neutron penetration  

SciTech Connect

A unique benchmark neutron field has been established at the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) to study deep penetration neutron transport. At LLNL, a tandem accelerator is used to generate a monoenergetic neutron source that permits investigation of deep neutron penetration under conditions that are virtually ideal to model, namely the transport of mono-energetic neutrons through a single material in a simple geometry. General features of the Lawrence Tandem (LATAN) benchmark field are described with emphasis on neutron source characteristics and room return background. The single material chosen for the first benchmark, LATAN-1, is a steel representative of Light Water Reactor (LWR) Pressure Vessels (PV). Also included is a brief description of the Little Boy replica, a critical reactor assembly designed to mimic the radiation doses from the atomic bomb dropped on Hiroshima, and its us in neutron spectrometry. 18 refs.

Morgan, J.F.; Sale, K. (Lawrence Livermore National Lab., CA (USA)); Gold, R.; Roberts, J.H.; Preston, C.C. (Metrology Control Corp., Richland, WA (USA))

1991-06-10

281

VENUS-2 MOX Core Benchmark: Results of ORNL Calculations Using HELIOS-1.4 - Revised Report  

SciTech Connect

The Task Force on Reactor-Based Plutonium Disposition (TFRPD) was formed by the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development/Nuclear Energy Agency (OECD/NEA) to study reactor physics, fuel performance, and fuel cycle issues related to the disposition of weapons-grade (WG) plutonium as mixed-oxide (MOX) reactor fuel. To advance the goals of the TFRPD, 10 countries and 12 institutions participated in a major TFRPD activity: a blind benchmark study to compare code calculations to experimental data for the VENUS-2 MOX core at SCK-CEN in Mol, Belgium. At Oak Ridge National Laboratory, the HELIOS-1.4 code system was used to perform the comprehensive study of pin-cell and MOX core calculations for the VENUS-2 MOX core benchmark study.

Ellis, RJ

2001-06-01

282

Benchmarking of Heavy Ion Transport Codes  

SciTech Connect

Accurate prediction of radiation fields generated by heavy ion interactions is important in medical applications, space missions, and in designing and operation of rare isotope research facilities. In recent years, several well-established computer codes in widespread use for particle and radiation transport calculations have been equipped with the capability to simulate heavy ion transport and interactions. To assess and validate these capabilities, we performed simulations of a series of benchmark-quality heavy ion experiments with the computer codes FLUKA, MARS15, MCNPX, and PHITS. We focus on the comparisons of secondary neutron production. Results are encouraging; however, further improvements in models and codes and additional benchmarking are required.

Remec, Igor [ORNL] [ORNL; Ronningen, Reginald M. [Michigan State University, East Lansing] [Michigan State University, East Lansing; Heilbronn, Lawrence [University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UTK)] [University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UTK)

2011-01-01

283

Toxicological benchmarks for wildlife: 1996 Revision  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this report is to present toxicological benchmarks for assessment of effects of certain chemicals on mammalian and avian wildlife species. Publication of this document meets a milestone for the Environmental Restoration (ER) Risk Assessment Program. This document provides the ER Program with toxicological benchmarks that may be used as comparative tools in screening assessments as well as lines of evidence to support or refute the presence of ecological effects in ecological risk assessments. The chemicals considered in this report are some that occur at US DOE waste sites, and the wildlife species evaluated herein were chosen because they represent a range of body sizes and diets.

Sample, B.E.; Opresko, D.M.; Suter, G.W., II

1996-06-01

284

Los Alamos National Laboratory computer benchmarking 1982  

SciTech Connect

Evaluating the performance of computing machinery is a continual effort of the Computer Research and Applications Group of the Los Alamos National Laboratory. This report summarizes the results of the group's benchmarking activities performed between October 1981 and September 1982, presenting compilation and execution times as well as megaflop rates for a set of benchmark codes. Tests were performed on the following computers: Cray Research, Inc. (CRI) Cray-1S; Control Data Corporation (CDC) 7600, 6600, Cyber 73, Cyber 825, Cyber 835, Cyber 855, and Cyber 205; Digital Equipment Corporation (DEC) VAX 11/780 and VAX 11/782; and Apollo Computer, Inc., Apollo.

Martin, J.L.

1983-06-01

285

Three dimensional transport benchmark exercise using THREEDANT  

SciTech Connect

As part of the effort to assess the ability to perform three dimensional transport calculations to solve problems in reactor physics, we describe the THREEDANT code and its application to the set of three-dimensional benchmark problems proposed by Prof. T. Takeda. As part of this benchmarking activity, we display some key indicators as to computational performance and efficiency while displaying the sensitivity of the eigenvalue to Sn order and to spatial mesh size in each of the problems. In order to understand what is being displayed, we summarize the solution strategy incorporated in the code. 1 ref., 3 figs.

Alcouffe, R.E.

1990-01-01

286

The Development of CBM Vocabulary Measures: Grade 8. Technical Report #1215  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this technical report, we describe the development and piloting of a series of vocabulary assessments intended for use with students in grades two through eight. These measures, available as part of easyCBM[TM], an online progress monitoring and benchmark/screening assessment system, were developed in 2010 and administered to approximately 1200…

Alonzo, Julie; Anderson, Daniel; Park, Bitnara Jasmine; Tindal, Gerald

2012-01-01

287

The Development of CBM Vocabulary Measures: Grade 4. Technical Report #1211  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this technical report, we describe the development and piloting of a series of vocabulary assessments intended for use with students in grades two through eight. These measures, available as part of easyCBM[TM], an online progress monitoring and benchmark/screening assessment system, were developed in 2010 and administered to approximately 1200…

Alonzo, Julie; Anderson, Daniel; Park, Bitnara Jasmine; Tindal, Gerald

2012-01-01

288

The Development of CBM Vocabulary Measures: Grade 5. Technical Report #1212  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this technical report, we describe the development and piloting of a series of vocabulary assessments intended for use with students in grades two through eight. These measures, available as part of easyCBM[TM], an online progress monitoring and benchmark/screening assessment system, were developed in 2010 and administered to approximately 1200…

Alonzo, Julie; Anderson, Daniel; Park, Bitnara Jasmine; Tindal, Gerald

2012-01-01

289

The Development of CBM Vocabulary Measures: Grade 3. Technical Report #1210  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this technical report, we describe the development and piloting of a series of vocabulary assessments intended for use with students in grades two through eight. These measures, available as part of easyCBM[TM], an online progress monitoring and benchmark/screening assessment system, were developed in 2010 and administered to approximately 1200…

Alonzo, Julie; Anderson, Daniel; Park, Bitnara Jasmine; Tindal, Gerald

2012-01-01

290

The Development of CBM Vocabulary Measures: Grade 6. Technical Report # 1213  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this technical report, we describe the development and piloting of a series of vocabulary assessments intended for use with students in grades two through eight. These measures, available as part of easyCBM[TM], an online progress monitoring and benchmark/screening assessment system, were developed in 2010 and administered to approximately 1200…

Alonzo, Julie; Anderson, Daniel; Park, Bitnara Jasmine; Tindal, Gerald

2012-01-01

291

The Development of CBM Vocabulary Measures: Grade 7. Technical Report #1214  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this technical report, we describe the development and piloting of a series of vocabulary assessments intended for use with students in grades two through eight. These measures, available as part of easyCBM[TM], an online progress monitoring and benchmark/screening assessment system, were developed in 2010 and administered to approximately 1200…

Alonzo, Julie; Anderson, Daniel; Park, Bitnara Jasmine; Tindal, Gerald

2012-01-01

292

The Development of CBM Vocabulary Measures: Grade 2. Technical Report #1209  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this technical report, we describe the development and piloting of a series of vocabulary assessments intended for use with students in grades two through eight. These measures, available as part of easyCBM[TM], an online progress monitoring and benchmark/screening assessment system, were developed in 2010 and administered to approximately 1200…

Alonzo, Julie; Anderson, Daniel; Park, Bitnara Jasmine; Tindal, Gerald

2012-01-01

293

Benchmarking Music Information Retrieval Systems Department of Electronic Engineering  

E-print Network

Benchmarking Music Information Retrieval Systems Josh Reiss Department of Electronic Engineering and effective benchmarking system for music information retrieval (MIR) systems. This will serve the multiple surrounding retrieval of audio in test collections. 1. INTRODUCTION The Music Information Retrieval (MIR

Reiss, Josh

294

29 CFR 1952.153 - Compliance staffing benchmarks.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...North Carolina § 1952.153 Compliance staffing benchmarks. Under the terms of the 1978 Court Order in AFL-CIO v. Marshall, compliance staffing levels (“benchmarks”) necessary for a “fully effective” enforcement program...

2010-07-01

295

29 CFR 1952.113 - Compliance staffing benchmarks.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...STANDARDS Utah § 1952.113 Compliance staffing benchmarks. Under the terms of the 1978 Court Order in AFL-CIO v. Marshall, compliance staffing levels (benchmarks) necessary for a “fully effective” enforcement program were...

2010-07-01

296

7 CFR 1709.5 - Determination of energy cost benchmarks.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-01-01 false Determination of energy cost benchmarks. 1709.5 Section...OF AGRICULTURE ASSISTANCE TO HIGH ENERGY COST COMMUNITIES General Requirements § 1709.5 Determination of energy cost benchmarks. (a) The...

2011-01-01

297

7 CFR 1709.5 - Determination of energy cost benchmarks.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-01-01 false Determination of energy cost benchmarks. 1709.5 Section...OF AGRICULTURE ASSISTANCE TO HIGH ENERGY COST COMMUNITIES General Requirements § 1709.5 Determination of energy cost benchmarks. (a) The...

2010-01-01

298

29 CFR 1952.103 - Compliance staffing benchmarks.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...PLANS FOR ENFORCEMENT OF STATE STANDARDS Oregon § 1952.103 Compliance staffing benchmarks...approved State plan. In October 1992, Oregon completed, in conjunction with OSHA...benchmark of 28 health compliance officers. Oregon elected to retain the safety...

2011-07-01

299

29 CFR 1952.103 - Compliance staffing benchmarks.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...PLANS FOR ENFORCEMENT OF STATE STANDARDS Oregon § 1952.103 Compliance staffing benchmarks...approved State plan. In October 1992, Oregon completed, in conjunction with OSHA...benchmark of 28 health compliance officers. Oregon elected to retain the safety...

2013-07-01

300

29 CFR 1952.103 - Compliance staffing benchmarks.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...PLANS FOR ENFORCEMENT OF STATE STANDARDS Oregon § 1952.103 Compliance staffing benchmarks...approved State plan. In October 1992, Oregon completed, in conjunction with OSHA...benchmark of 28 health compliance officers. Oregon elected to retain the safety...

2012-07-01

301

29 CFR 1952.103 - Compliance staffing benchmarks.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...PLANS FOR ENFORCEMENT OF STATE STANDARDS Oregon § 1952.103 Compliance staffing benchmarks...approved State plan. In October 1992, Oregon completed, in conjunction with OSHA...benchmark of 28 health compliance officers. Oregon elected to retain the safety...

2010-07-01

302

Why and how to benchmark XML databases  

Microsoft Academic Search

Benchmarks belong to the very standard repertory of tools deployed in database development. Assessing the capabilities of a system, analyzing actual and potential bottlenecks, and, naturally, comparing the pros and cons of different systems architectures have become indispensable tasks as databases management systems grow in complexity and capacity. In the course of the development of XML databases the need for

Albrecht Schmidt; Florian Waas; Martin L. Kersten; Daniela Florescu; Michael J. Carey; Ioana Manolescu; Ralph Busse

2001-01-01

303

Benchmark Generation using Domain Specific Modeling  

SciTech Connect

Performance benchmarks are domain specific applications that are specialized to a certain set of technologies and platforms. The development of a benchmark application requires mapping the performance specific domain concepts to an implementation and producing complex technology and platform specific code. Domain Specific Modeling (DSM) promises to bridge the gap between application domains and implementations by allowing designers to specify solutions in domain-specific abstractions and semantics through Domain Specific Languages (DSL). This allows generation of a final implementation automatically from high level models. The modeling and task automation benefits obtained from this approach usually justify the upfront cost involved. This paper employs a DSM based approach to invent a new DSL, DSLBench, for benchmark generation. DSLBench and its associated code generation facilities allow the design and generation of a completely deployable benchmark application for performance testing from a high level model. DSLBench is implemented using Microsoft Domain Specific Language toolkit. It is integrated with the Visual Studio 2005 Team Suite as a plug-in to provide extra modeling capabilities for performance testing. We illustrate the approach using a case study based on .Net and C#.

Bui, Ngoc B.; Zhu, Liming; Gorton, Ian; Liu, Yan

2007-08-01

304

Benchmark Problems for Spacecraft Formation Flying Missions  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

To provide high-level focus to distributed space system flight dynamics and control research, several benchmark problems are suggested. These problems are not specific to any current or proposed mission, but instead are intended to capture high-level features that would be generic to many similar missions.

Carpenter, J. Russell; Leitner, Jesse A.; Burns, Richard D.; Folta, David C.

2003-01-01

305

Benchmarking in Universities: League Tables Revisited  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines the practice of benchmarking universities using a "league table" approach. Taking the example of the "Sunday Times University League Table", the author reanalyses the descriptive data on UK universities. Using a linear programming technique, data envelope analysis (DEA), the author uses the re-analysis to demonstrate the major…

Turner, David

2005-01-01

306

Benchmarking 2011: Trends in Education Philanthropy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The analysis in "Benchmarking 2011" is based on data from an unduplicated sample of 184 education grantmaking organizations--approximately two-thirds of Grantmakers for Education's (GFE's) network of grantmakers--who responded to an online survey consisting of fixed-choice and open-ended questions. Because a different subset of funders elects to…

Grantmakers for Education, 2011

2011-01-01

307

What Is the Impact of Subject Benchmarking?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The introduction of subject benchmarking led to fears of increased external intervention in the activities of universities and a more restrictive view of institutional autonomy, accompanied by an undermining of the academic profession, particularly through the perceived threat of the introduction of a national curriculum for higher education. For…

Pidcock, Steve

2006-01-01

308

Simulation of Computer Architectures: Simulators, Benchmarks, Methodologies,  

E-print Network

Simulation of Computer Architectures: Simulators, Benchmarks, Methodologies, and Recommendations Joshua J. Yi, Member, IEEE, and David J. Lilja, Fellow, IEEE Abstract--Simulators have become an integral the efficacy of an enhancement. However, long simulation times and poor accuracy limit their effectiveness

Minnesota, University of

309

Benchmarking 2010: Trends in Education Philanthropy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Benchmarking 2010" offers insights into the current priorities, practices and concerns of education grantmakers. The report is divided into five sections: (1) Mapping the Education Grantmaking Landscape; (2) 2010 Funding Priorities; (3) Strategies for Leveraging Greater Impact; (4) Identifying Significant Trends in Education Funding; and (5)…

Bearman, Jessica

2010-01-01

310

Quality Benchmarks in Undergraduate Psychology Programs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Performance benchmarks are proposed to assist undergraduate psychology programs in defining their missions and goals as well as documenting their effectiveness. Experienced academic program reviewers compared their experiences to formulate a developmental framework of attributes of undergraduate programs focusing on activity in 8 domains:…

Dunn, Dana S.; McCarthy, Maureen A.; Baker, Suzanne; Halonen, Jane S.; Hill, G. William, IV

2007-01-01

311

Modelling an Inertia Wheel Pendulum Benchmark  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, modelling and parameter identification of an inertia wheel pendulum benchmark is considered. This is an underactuated mechanical system useful for teaching and research. Attention is focused on deriving a simple but accurate model capable of reproducing large amplitude oscillations. Due to the particular design of the prototype, the friction forces on the actuated joint are noticeable. A

Diego Alonso; Federico Robbio; Eduardo Paolini; Jorge Moiola

2005-01-01

312

Benchmarks--Standards Comparisons. Math Competencies: EFF Benchmarks Comparison [and] Reading Competencies: EFF Benchmarks Comparison [and] Writing Competencies: EFF Benchmarks Comparison.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document is intended to show the relationship between Ohio's Standards and Competencies, Equipped for the Future's (EFF's) Standards and Components of Performance, and Ohio's Revised Benchmarks. The document is divided into three parts, with Part 1 covering mathematics instruction, Part 2 covering reading instruction, and Part 3 covering…

Kent State Univ., OH. Ohio Literacy Resource Center.

313

Communication Characteristics in the NAS Parallel Benchmarks  

E-print Network

) implementation of the NAS parallel benchmarks and study the effectiveness of com- piled communication for MPI, the effectiveness of compiled communication de- pends on whether the communication information can be ob- tained of MPI, it is important to study the communications in MPI programs and determine the effectiveness

Yuan, Xin

314

A MULTIMODEL APPROACH FOR CALCULATING BENCHMARK DOSE  

EPA Science Inventory

A Multimodel Approach for Calculating Benchmark Dose Ramon I. Garcia and R. Woodrow Setzer In the assessment of dose response, a number of plausible dose- response models may give fits that are consistent with the data. If no dose response formulation had been speci...

315

Benchmarking image fusion system design parameters  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A clear and absolute method for discriminating between image fusion algorithm performances is presented. This method can effectively be used to assist in the design and modeling of image fusion systems. Specifically, it is postulated that quantifying human task performance using image fusion should be benchmarked to whether the fusion algorithm, at a minimum, retained the performance benefit achievable by each independent spectral band being fused. The established benchmark would then clearly represent the threshold that a fusion system should surpass to be considered beneficial to a particular task. A genetic algorithm is employed to characterize the fused system parameters using a Matlab® implementation of NVThermIP as the objective function. By setting the problem up as a mixed-integer constraint optimization problem, one can effectively look backwards through the image acquisition process: optimizing fused system parameters by minimizing the difference between modeled task difficulty measure and the benchmark task difficulty measure. The results of an identification perception experiment are presented, where human observers were asked to identify a standard set of military targets, and used to demonstrate the effectiveness of the benchmarking process.

Howell, Christopher L.

2013-06-01

316

Implementation of NAS Parallel Benchmarks in Java.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A number of features make Java an attractive but a debatable choice for High Performance Computing (HPC). In order to gauge the applicability of Java to the Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) we have implemented NAS Parallel Benchmarks in Java. The perfor...

M. Frumkin, M. Schultz, H. Q. Jin, J. Yan

2000-01-01

317

The nofib Benchmark Suite of Haskell Programs  

E-print Network

­ sheet­like example program, they do not report any actual measurements. How­ ever, they astutely take issue with the usual toy benchmarks: ``There was in the past a tendency for implementations to be judged the rage: marketeers bandied them about shamelessly, compiler writers tweaked their compilers to spot

Jones, Simon Peyton

318

Benchmarking the presidential election of Barack Obama  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to explore the range of benchmark applications associated with the historical event of Barack Obama being elected as the 44th US president. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – Collection and critical analysis of secondary data from relevant publications analyzing the results of the 2008 presidential elections. Analysis of organizational behavior theories have been utilized in order

Daryl D. Green

2009-01-01

319

MHEC Survey Establishes Midwest Property Insurance Benchmarks.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication presents the results of a survey of over 200 midwestern colleges and universities on their property insurance programs and establishes benchmarks to help these institutions evaluate their insurance programs. Findings included the following: (1) 51 percent of respondents currently purchase their property insurance as part of a…

Midwestern Higher Education Commission Risk Management Institute Research Bulletin, 1994

1994-01-01

320

Cleanroom Energy Efficiency: Metrics and Benchmarks  

SciTech Connect

Cleanrooms are among the most energy-intensive types of facilities. This is primarily due to the cleanliness requirements that result in high airflow rates and system static pressures, as well as process requirements that result in high cooling loads. Various studies have shown that there is a wide range of cleanroom energy efficiencies and that facility managers may not be aware of how energy efficient their cleanroom facility can be relative to other cleanroom facilities with the same cleanliness requirements. Metrics and benchmarks are an effective way to compare one facility to another and to track the performance of a given facility over time. This article presents the key metrics and benchmarks that facility managers can use to assess, track, and manage their cleanroom energy efficiency or to set energy efficiency targets for new construction. These include system-level metrics such as air change rates, air handling W/cfm, and filter pressure drops. Operational data are presented from over 20 different cleanrooms that were benchmarked with these metrics and that are part of the cleanroom benchmark dataset maintained by Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL). Overall production efficiency metrics for cleanrooms in 28 semiconductor manufacturing facilities in the United States and recorded in the Fabs21 database are also presented.

International SEMATECH Manufacturing Initiative; Mathew, Paul A.; Tschudi, William; Sartor, Dale; Beasley, James

2010-07-07

321

Benchmarking Peer Production Mechanisms, Processes & Practices  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This deliverable identifies key approaches for quality management in peer production by benchmarking peer production practices and processes in other areas. (Contains 29 footnotes, 13 figures and 2 tables.)[This report has been authored with contributions of: Kaisa Honkonen-Ratinen, Matti Auvinen, David Riley, Jose Pinzon, Thomas Fischer, Thomas…

Fischer, Thomas; Kretschmer, Thomas

2008-01-01

322

Towards Benchmarks for Vision SLAM Algorithms  

Microsoft Academic Search

SLAM in an outdoor environment using natural landmarks stands as the holy grail of SLAM algorithms. Segmenting landmarks from background clutter in such environments is difficult and vision, rather than laser, has a higher potential to perform such tasks due to the higher bandwidth of information it carries. There is a need to establish a benchmark upon which emerging vision

Samer M. Abdallah; Daniel C. Asmar; John S. Zelek

2006-01-01

323

7 CFR 810.1404 - Grades and grade requirements for sorghum.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...false Grades and grade requirements for sorghum. 810.1404 Section 810.1404 ...FOR GRAIN United States Standards for Sorghum >grades and Grade Requirements § 810.1404 Grades and grade requirements for sorghum. Grading factors Grades U.S....

2010-01-01

324

Results Oriented Benchmarking: The Evolution of Benchmarking at NASA from Competitive Comparisons to World Class Space Partnerships  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Informal benchmarking using personal or professional networks has taken place for many years at the Kennedy Space Center (KSC). The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) recognized early on, the need to formalize the benchmarking process for better utilization of resources and improved benchmarking performance. The need to compete in a faster, better, cheaper environment has been the catalyst for formalizing these efforts. A pioneering benchmarking consortium was chartered at KSC in January 1994. The consortium known as the Kennedy Benchmarking Clearinghouse (KBC), is a collaborative effort of NASA and all major KSC contractors. The charter of this consortium is to facilitate effective benchmarking, and leverage the resulting quality improvements across KSC. The KBC acts as a resource with experienced facilitators and a proven process. One of the initial actions of the KBC was to develop a holistic methodology for Center-wide benchmarking. This approach to Benchmarking integrates the best features of proven benchmarking models (i.e., Camp, Spendolini, Watson, and Balm). This cost-effective alternative to conventional Benchmarking approaches has provided a foundation for consistent benchmarking at KSC through the development of common terminology, tools, and techniques. Through these efforts a foundation and infrastructure has been built which allows short duration benchmarking studies yielding results gleaned from world class partners that can be readily implemented. The KBC has been recognized with the Silver Medal Award (in the applied research category) from the International Benchmarking Clearinghouse.

Bell, Michael A.

1999-01-01

325

CDx: a family of real-time Java benchmarks  

Microsoft Academic Search

Java is becoming a viable platform for hard real-time computing. There are production and research real-time Java VMs, as well as applications in both military and civil sector. Technological advances and increased adoption of Real-time Java contrast significantly with the lack of real-time benchmarks. The few benchmarks that exist are either low-level synthetic micro-benchmarks, or benchmarks used internally by companies,

Tomás Kalibera; Jeff Hagelberg; Filip Pizlo; Ales Plsek; Ben Titzer; Jan Vitek

2009-01-01

326

The AM-Bench: An Android Multimedia Benchmark Suite  

E-print Network

The AM-Bench: An Android Multimedia Benchmark Suite Chayong Lee Euna Kim Hyesoon Kim School benchmark for Android platforms (AM-Bench). The AM-Bench consists of several multimedia benchmarks running on Android platforms. We explain the characteristics of the AM-Bench and compare performance on four Android

Lee, Hsien-Hsin "Sean"

327

Unstructured Adaptive (UA) NAS Parallel Benchmark. Version 1.0  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

We present a complete specification of a new benchmark for measuring the performance of modern computer systems when solving scientific problems featuring irregular, dynamic memory accesses. It complements the existing NAS Parallel Benchmark suite. The benchmark involves the solution of a stylized heat transfer problem in a cubic domain, discretized on an adaptively refined, unstructured mesh.

Feng, Huiyu; VanderWijngaart, Rob; Biswas, Rupak; Mavriplis, Catherine

2004-01-01

328

Discovering and Implementing Best Practices to Strengthen SEAs: Collaborative Benchmarking  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper is written for state educational agency (SEA) leaders who are considering the benefits of collaborative benchmarking, and it addresses the following questions: (1) What does benchmarking of best practices entail?; (2) How does "collaborative benchmarking" enhance the process?; (3) How do SEAs control the process so that "their" needs…

Building State Capacity and Productivity Center, 2013

2013-01-01

329

NAS Grid Benchmarks: A Tool for Grid Space Exploration  

Microsoft Academic Search

We present a benchmark suite for computational grids in this paper. It is based on the NAS Parallel Benchmarks (NPB) and is called the NAS Grid Benchmark (NGB). We present NGB as a data flow graph encapsulating an instance of an NPB code in each graph node, which communicates with other nodes by sending\\/receiving initialization data. These nodes may be

Michael A. Frumkin; Rob F. Van Der Wijngaart

2001-01-01

330

Taking Stock of Corporate Benchmarking Practices: Panacea or Pandora's Box?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses why corporate communications/public relations (cc/pr) should be benchmarked (an approach used by cc/pr managers to demonstrate the value of their activities to skeptical organizational executives). Discusses myths about cc/pr benchmarking; types, targets, and focus of cc/pr benchmarking; a process model; and critical decisions about…

Fleisher, Craig S.; Burton, Sara

1995-01-01

331

Grading to Communicate  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

High school teacher and instructional coach Tony Winger laments how traditional classroom grading practices lead to grades becoming a distraction from learning--a commodity students feel they work the system to attain--rather than a clear message to students and parents. Teachers' passion for their subjects is too often met with students'…

Winger, Tony

2005-01-01

332

Minimum Grading, Maximum Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Fair and effective schools should assign grades that align with clear and consistent evidence of student performance (Wormeli, 2006), but when a student's performance is inconsistent, traditional grading practices can prove inadequate. Understanding this, increasing numbers of schools have been experimenting with the practice of assigning minimum…

Carey, Theodore; Carifio, James

2011-01-01

333

Grades out, Badges in  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Grades are broken. Students grub for them, pick classes where good ones come easily, and otherwise hustle to win the highest scores for the least learning. As a result, college grades are inflated to the point of meaninglessness--especially to employers who want to know which diploma-holder is best qualified for their jobs. An alternative is to…

Young, Jeffrey R.

2012-01-01

334

Middle-Grades Reform.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The National Forum to Accelerate Middle-Grades Reform, influential in middle-grades policy, advocates a three tiered approach envisioning high-performing schools as academically rigorous, developmentally responsive, and socially equitable. This report discusses pioneering programs, critics' concerns, exemplary Michigan programs, and urban schools'…

Norton, John; Lewis, Anne C.

2000-01-01

335

Modern Problems, Grade 12.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

GRADES OR AGES: Grade 12. SUBJECT MATTER: Modern economic, political, and sociological problems primarily in the United States. ORGANIZATION AND PHYSICAL APPEARANCE: The guide is divided into six units, each of which is laid out in two columns. Column headings are: content and suggested activities. The guide is mimeographed and perfect-bound with…

Wilmington Public Schools, DE.

336

Classroom: Efficient Grading  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Grading can be accelerated to make time for more effective instruction. This article presents specific time management strategies selected to decrease administrative time required of faculty and teaching assistants, including a multiple answer multiple choice interface for exams, a three-tier grading system for open ended problem solving, and a…

Shaw, David D.; Pease, Leonard F., III.

2014-01-01

337

Upper Grades Ideas.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes computer-oriented teaching activities for the upper grades. They focus on the use of databases in history classes, checking taxes, examining aspects of the joystick button on Atari microcomputers, printing control using Logo, and a Logo program that draws whirling squares. All activities can be adapted for lower grades. (JN)

Classroom Computer Learning, 1985

1985-01-01

338

Third Grade Reading Policies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 2012, 14 states passed legislation geared toward improving 3rd-grade literacy through identification, intervention, and/or retention initiatives. Today, a total of 32 states and the District of Columbia have policies in statute aimed at improving 3rd-grade reading proficiency. The majority of these states require early assessment and…

Rose, Stephanie

2012-01-01

339

Department and Grade Level Chairs Grade Level Chairs  

E-print Network

7/25/2011 Department and Grade Level Chairs 2011­2012 Grade Level Chairs Nursery & Kindergarten Blaine: Elizabeth Roche Woodlawn: Maureen Campbell Kindergarten: Delores Rita Lower School 1st grade: Eli

Scherer, Norbert F.

340

Functionally graded boron carbide  

SciTech Connect

Lightweight body armor is important for the protection of US soldiers in the field. Here, fabrication techniques were developed for producing graded porosity B{sub 4}C, and for producing aluminum-B{sub 4}C and epoxy-B{sub 4}C functionally graded materials. The key fabrication aspect was obtaining the graded porosity B{sub 4}C. The feasibility of producing graded porosity B{sub 4}C using a grading of carbon densification aid produced from a gradient of furfuryl alcohol carbon precursor was demonstrated. This approach is quite promising, but it was not optimized in the present investigation. Graded porosity B{sub 4}C materials were produced by a layering approach using different size distributions of B{sub 4}C powders in the green state, and then densifying the layered assembly by hot pressing at 1,900 C. The hardness of uninfiltrated graded B{sub 4}C, aluminum infiltrated B{sub 4}C, and epoxy infiltrated B{sub 4}C was observed to be similar.

Petrovic, J.J.; McClellan, K.J.; Kise, C.D.; Hoover, R.C.; Scarborough, W.K.

1998-12-31

341

Measuring NUMA effects with the STREAM benchmark  

E-print Network

Modern high-end machines feature multiple processor packages, each of which contains multiple independent cores and integrated memory controllers connected directly to dedicated physical RAM. These packages are connected via a shared bus, creating a system with a heterogeneous memory hierarchy. Since this shared bus has less bandwidth than the sum of the links to memory, aggregate memory bandwidth is higher when parallel threads all access memory local to their processor package than when they access memory attached to a remote package. But, the impact of this heterogeneous memory architecture is not easily understood from vendor benchmarks. Even where these measurements are available, they provide only best-case memory throughput. This work presents a series of modifications to the well-known STREAM benchmark to measure the effects of NUMA on both a 48-core AMD Opteron machine and a 32-core Intel Xeon machine.

Bergstrom, Lars

2011-01-01

342

TsunaFLASH Benchmark and Its Verifications  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In the end of year 2008 TsunAWI (Tsunami unstructured mesh finite element model developed at Alfred Wegener Institute) by Behrens et al. (2006 - 2008) [Behrens, 2008], had been launched as an operational model in the German - Indonesian Tsunami EarlyWarning System (GITEWS) framework. This model has been benchmarked and verified with 2004 Sumatra-Andaman mega tsunami event [Harig et al., 2008]. A new development uses adaptive mesh refinement to improve computational efficiency and accuracy, this approach is called TsunaFLASH [Pranowo et al., 2008]. After the initial development and verification phase with stabilization efforts, and study of refinement criteria, the code is now mature enough to be validated with data. This presentation will demonstrate results of TsunaFLASH for the experiments with diverse mesh refinement criteria, and benchmarks; in particular the problem set-1 of IWLRM, and field data of the Sumatra-Andaman 2004 event.

Pranowo, Widodo; Behrens, Joern

2010-05-01

343

Toxicological benchmarks for wildlife. Environmental Restoration Program  

SciTech Connect

This report presents toxicological benchmarks for assessment of effects of 55 chemicals on six representative mammalian wildlife species (short-tailed shrew, white-footed mouse, cottontail ink, red fox, and whitetail deer) and eight avian wildlife species (American robin, woodcock, wild turkey, belted kingfisher, great blue heron, barred owl, Cooper`s hawk, and redtailed hawk) (scientific names are presented in Appendix C). These species were chosen because they are widely distributed and provide a representative range of body sizes and diets. The chemicals are some of those that occur at United States Department of Energy (DOE) waste sites. The benchmarks presented in this report are values believed to be nonhazardous for the listed wildlife species.

Opresko, D.M.; Sample, B.E.; Suter, G.W.

1993-09-01

344

Characterization of Addressability by Simultaneous Randomized Benchmarking  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The control and handling of errors arising from cross talk and unwanted interactions in multiqubit systems is an important issue in quantum information processing architectures. We introduce a benchmarking protocol that provides information about the amount of addressability present in the system and implement it on coupled superconducting qubits. The protocol consists of randomized benchmarking experiments run both individually and simultaneously on pairs of qubits. A relevant figure of merit for the addressability is then related to the differences in the measured average gate fidelities in the two experiments. We present results from two similar samples with differing cross talk and unwanted qubit-qubit interactions. The results agree with predictions based on simple models of the classical cross talk and Stark shifts.

Gambetta, Jay M.; Córcoles, A. D.; Merkel, S. T.; Johnson, B. R.; Smolin, John A.; Chow, Jerry M.; Ryan, Colm A.; Rigetti, Chad; Poletto, S.; Ohki, Thomas A.; Ketchen, Mark B.; Steffen, M.

2012-12-01

345

Benchmark On Sensitivity Calculation (Phase III)  

SciTech Connect

The sensitivities of the keff eigenvalue to neutron cross sections have become commonly used in similarity studies and as part of the validation algorithm for criticality safety assessments. To test calculations of the sensitivity coefficients, a benchmark study (Phase III) has been established by the OECD-NEA/WPNCS/EG UACSA (Expert Group on Uncertainty Analysis for Criticality Safety Assessment). This paper presents some sensitivity results generated by the benchmark participants using various computational tools based upon different computational methods: SCALE/TSUNAMI-3D and -1D, MONK, APOLLO2-MORET 5, DRAGON-SUSD3D and MMKKENO. The study demonstrates the performance of the tools. It also illustrates how model simplifications impact the sensitivity results and demonstrates the importance of 'implicit' (self-shielding) sensitivities. This work has been a useful step towards verification of the existing and developed sensitivity analysis methods.

Ivanova, Tatiana [IRSN; Laville, Cedric [IRSN; Dyrda, James [Atomic Weapons Establishment; Mennerdahl, Dennis [E. Mennerdahl Systems; Golovko, Yury [Institute of Physics and Power Engineering (IPPE), Obninsk, Russia; Raskach, Kirill [Institute of Physics and Power Engineering (IPPE), Obninsk, Russia; Tsiboulia, Anatoly [Institute of Physics and Power Engineering (IPPE), Obninsk, Russia; Lee, Gil Soo [Korea Institute of Nuclear Safety (KINS); Woo, Sweng-Woong [Korea Institute of Nuclear Safety (KINS); Bidaud, Adrien [Labratoire de Physique Subatomique et de Cosmolo-gie (LPSC); Patel, Amrit [NRC; Bledsoe, Keith C [ORNL; Rearden, Bradley T [ORNL; Gulliford, J. [OECD Nuclear Energy Agency

2012-01-01

346

Nebraska Science Standards: Grades K-12  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication presents the Nebraska Science Standards for Grades K-12. The standards are presented according to the following grades: (1) Grades K-2; (2) Grades 3-5; (3) Grades 6-8; and (4) Grades 9-12.

Nebraska Department of Education, 2010

2010-01-01

347

Developing Alternative Assessments using the Benchmarks  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Written from the perspective of a classroom teacher, this article describes a process for developing alternative assessments, provides examples of alternative assessment tasks and student responses, and illustrates the use of scoring rubrics. The examples use the AAAS Benchmarks for Science Literacy and the National Science Education Standards to identify learning goals. This resource is intended for use in the classroom by K-12 teachers.

Shepardson, Daniel

1997-10-01

348

Benchmarking Embedded Devices for Broadband Performance Testing  

Microsoft Academic Search

Real time monitoring of broadband performance parameters is critical for estimating the user experience of new broadband services like VoIP, IPTV, Gaming and Video. This information is of interest to service providers themselves for efficient network design and maintenance and government regulatory bodies for analyzing ISPs, regions and national benchmarking. A web-based system TRUEE (Tool for Real-time User Experience Estimation)

Snehal Tangadpalliwar; Kumbesan Sandrasegaran; Malcolm Raymond; Ajanta Moitra; Faisal Madani

2011-01-01

349

Benchmarking on-line services industries  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Web Quality Analyser (WQA) is a new benchmarking tool for industry. It has been extensively tested across services industries.\\u000a Forty five critical success features are presented as measures that capture the user’s perception of services industry websites.\\u000a This tool differs to previous tools, in that it captures the information technology (IT) related driver sectors of website\\u000a performance, along with

John Hamilton

2006-01-01

350

Benchmark gamma-ray skyshine experiment  

Microsoft Academic Search

A benchmark gamma-ray skyshine experiment is descibed in which ⁶°Co sources were either collimated into an upward 150-deg conical beam or shielded vertically by two different thicknesses of concrete. A NaI(Tl) spectrometer and a high pressure ion chamber were used to measure, respectively, the energy spectrum and the 4..pi..-exposure rate of the air-reflected gamma photons up to 700 m from

R. R. Nason; J. K. Shultis; R. E. Faw; C. E. Clifford

1982-01-01

351

Optimal quantum control using randomized benchmarking  

E-print Network

We present a method for optimizing quantum control in experimental systems, using a subset of randomized benchmarking measurements to rapidly infer error. This is demonstrated to improve single- and two-qubit gates, minimize gate bleedthrough, where a gate mechanism can cause errors on subsequent gates, and identify control crosstalk in superconducting qubits. This method is able to correct parameters to where control errors no longer dominate, and is suitable for automated and closed-loop optimization of experimental systems.

J. Kelly; R. Barends; B. Campbell; Y. Chen; Z. Chen; B. Chiaro; A. Dunsworth; A. G. Fowler; I. -C. Hoi; E. Jeffrey; A. Megrant; J. Mutus; C. Neill; P. J. J. O`Malley; C. Quintana; P. Roushan; D. Sank; A. Vainsencher; J. Wenner; T. C. White; A. N. Cleland; John M. Martinis

2014-03-01

352

Benchmarking in rehabilitation: comparing physiotherapy services  

Microsoft Academic Search

This report presents outcome data from 3,176 consecutive prospective patients referred to physiotherapy for the treatment of soft tissue injuries. The results detailed here are part of a larger study collecting data from different NHS trusts in a benchmarking study. The Therapy Outcome Measure was used to collect data on each patient in four domains: Impairment, Disability\\/activity, Handicap\\/participation, and Distress\\/wellbeing

Pam Enderby; Alexandra John; Anthony Hughes; Brian Petheram

2000-01-01

353

Aeroelasticity Benchmark Assessment: Subsonic Fixed Wing Program  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The fundamental technical challenge in computational aeroelasticity is the accurate prediction of unsteady aerodynamic phenomena and the effect on the aeroelastic response of a vehicle. Currently, a benchmarking standard for use in validating the accuracy of computational aeroelasticity codes does not exist. Many aeroelastic data sets have been obtained in wind-tunnel and flight testing throughout the world; however, none have been globally presented or accepted as an ideal data set. There are numerous reasons for this. One reason is that often, such aeroelastic data sets focus on the aeroelastic phenomena alone (flutter, for example) and do not contain associated information such as unsteady pressures and time-correlated structural dynamic deflections. Other available data sets focus solely on the unsteady pressures and do not address the aeroelastic phenomena. Other discrepancies can include omission of relevant data, such as flutter frequency and / or the acquisition of only qualitative deflection data. In addition to these content deficiencies, all of the available data sets present both experimental and computational technical challenges. Experimental issues include facility influences, nonlinearities beyond those being modeled, and data processing. From the computational perspective, technical challenges include modeling geometric complexities, coupling between the flow and the structure, grid issues, and boundary conditions. The Aeroelasticity Benchmark Assessment task seeks to examine the existing potential experimental data sets and ultimately choose the one that is viewed as the most suitable for computational benchmarking. An initial computational evaluation of that configuration will then be performed using the Langley-developed computational fluid dynamics (CFD) software FUN3D1 as part of its code validation process. In addition to the benchmarking activity, this task also includes an examination of future research directions. Researchers within the Aeroelasticity Branch will examine other experimental efforts within the Subsonic Fixed Wing (SFW) program (such as testing of the NASA Common Research Model (CRM)) and other NASA programs and assess aeroelasticity issues and research topics.

Florance, Jennifer P.; Chwalowski, Pawel; Wieseman, Carol D.

2010-01-01

354

Lessons from learning theory for benchmark design  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This discussion/tutorial consists of a few short discussions on the (theoretical) trade-offs of various choices in constructing benchmarks. Most of the results discussed here are "common sense" at high level. However, all of this "common sense" is (to some extent) quantifiable common sense, and occasionally that quantification is useful. These short discussions cover: 1) Prediction Domains & Loss functions, 2) Prediction settings, 3) Assumption Failures.

Langford, John

2004-09-01

355

BN-600 full MOX core benchmark analysis.  

SciTech Connect

As a follow-up of the BN-600 hybrid core benchmark, a full MOX core benchmark was performed within the framework of the IAEA co-ordinated research project. Discrepancies between the values of main reactivity coefficients obtained by the participants for the BN-600 full MOX core benchmark appear to be larger than those in the previous hybrid core benchmarks on traditional core configurations. This arises due to uncertainties in the proper modelling of the axial sodium plenum above the core. It was recognized that the sodium density coefficient strongly depends on the core model configuration of interest (hybrid core vs. fully MOX fuelled core with sodium plenum above the core) in conjunction with the calculation method (diffusion vs. transport theory). The effects of the discrepancies revealed between the participants results on the ULOF and UTOP transient behaviours of the BN-600 full MOX core were investigated in simplified transient analyses. Generally the diffusion approximation predicts more benign consequences for the ULOF accident but more hazardous ones for the UTOP accident when compared with the transport theory results. The heterogeneity effect does not have any significant effect on the simulation of the transient. The comparison of the transient analyses results concluded that the fuel Doppler coefficient and the sodium density coefficient are the two most important coefficients in understanding the ULOF transient behaviour. In particular, the uncertainty in evaluating the sodium density coefficient distribution has the largest impact on the description of reactor dynamics. This is because the maximum sodium temperature rise takes place at the top of the core and in the sodium plenum.

Kim, Y. I.; Hill, R. N.; Grimm, K.; Rimpault, G.; Newton, T.; Li, Z. H.; Rineiski, A.; Mohanakrishan, P.; Ishikawa, M.; Lee, K. B.; Danilytchev, A.; Stogov, V.; Nuclear Engineering Division; International Atomic Energy Agency; CEA /Cadarache; SERCO Assurance; China Inst. of Atomic Energy; Forschnungszentrum Karlsruhe; Indira Gandhi Centre for Atomic Research; Japan Nuclear Cycle Development Inst.; Korea Atomic Energy Research Inst.; Inst. of Physics and Power Engineering

2004-01-01

356

A Simplified HTTR Diffusion Theory Benchmark  

SciTech Connect

The Georgia Institute of Technology (GA-Tech) recently developed a transport theory benchmark based closely on the geometry and the features of the HTTR reactor that is operational in Japan. Though simplified, the benchmark retains all the principal physical features of the reactor and thus provides a realistic and challenging test for the codes. The purpose of this paper is twofold. The first goal is an extension of the benchmark to diffusion theory applications by generating the additional data not provided in the GA-Tech prior work. The second goal is to use the benchmark on the HEXPEDITE code available to the INL. The HEXPEDITE code is a Green’s function-based neutron diffusion code in 3D hexagonal-z geometry. The results showed that the HEXPEDITE code accurately reproduces the effective multiplication factor of the reference HELIOS solution. A secondary, but no less important, conclusion is that in the testing against actual HTTR data of a full sequence of codes that would include HEXPEDITE, in the apportioning of inevitable discrepancies between experiment and models, the portion of error attributable to HEXPEDITE would be expected to be modest. If large discrepancies are observed, they would have to be explained by errors in the data fed into HEXPEDITE. Results based on a fully realistic model of the HTTR reactor are presented in a companion paper. The suite of codes used in that paper also includes HEXPEDITE. The results shown here should help that effort in the decision making process for refining the modeling steps in the full sequence of codes.

Rodolfo M. Ferrer; Abderrafi M. Ougouag; Farzad Rahnema

2010-10-01

357

SINBAD: Shielding integral benchmark archive and database  

SciTech Connect

SINBAD is a new electronic database developed to store a variety of radiation shielding benchmark data so that users can easily retrieve and incorporate the data into their calculations. SINBAD is an excellent data source for users who require the quality assurance necessary in developing cross-section libraries or radiation transport codes. The future needs of the scientific community are best served by the electronic database format of SINBAD and its user-friendly interface, combined with its data accuracy and integrity.

Hunter, H.T.; Ingersoll, D.T.; Roussin, R.W. [and others

1996-04-01

358

An Adaptable Benchmark for MPFS Performance Testing  

Microsoft Academic Search

Multiplex File System (MPFS) is a new network file access protocol that allows heterogeneous hosts to directly access shared data on a network-attached storage device. Current I\\/O benchmarks are not suitable to measure the performance of MPFS because they mainly measure the performance of NFS or CIFS. The MPFS split data-metadata architecture demands new ways to evaluate performance. We develop

Yubing Wang; Mark Claypool

359

EXPERIMENTAL BENCHMARKING OF THE MAGNETIZED FRICTION FORCE.  

SciTech Connect

High-energy electron cooling, presently considered as essential tool for several applications in high-energy and nuclear physics, requires accurate description of the friction force. A series of measurements were performed at CELSIUS with the goal to provide accurate data needed for the benchmarking of theories and simulations. Some results of accurate comparison of experimental data with the friction force formulas are presented.

FEDOTOV, A.V.; GALNANDER, B.; LITVINENKO, V.N.; LOFNES, T.; SIDORIN, A.O.; SMIRNOV, A.V.; ZIEMANN, V.

2005-09-18

360

Highlights of 10th plasma chemistry meeting  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The chemical structure is given of a film formed by plasma polymerization from pyridine monomers. The film has a hydrophilic chemical structure, its molecular weight is 900, and the molecular system is C55H50N10O3. The electrical characteristics of a plasma polymerized film are described. The film has good insulating properties and was successfully applied as video disc coating. Etching resistance properties make it possible to use the film as a resist in etching. The characteristics of plasma polymer formed from monomers containing tetramethyltin are discussed. The polymer is in film form, displays good adhesiveness, is similar to UV film UV 35 in light absorption and is highly insulating.

Kitamura, K.; Hashimoto, H.; Hozumi, K.

1981-01-01

361

February 10th ALANA Career Fair  

E-print Network

27th-28th AICHE Regional Conference April 4th College of Engineering Open House 8:30 a.m.-1:30 p May 5th Innovation Challenge 3:30pm, Campus Center, Rm. 1009 Upcoming Events Preparing competitive it with microwave arrays capable of accurately scanning the tissues inside. The main technology for detecting breast

Mountziaris, T. J.

362

Part C Updates. 10th Edition  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Part C Updates" is a compilation of information on various aspects of the Early Intervention Program for Infants and Toddlers with Disabilities (Part C) of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA). This is the tenth volume in a series of compilations, which included two editions of Part H Updates, the former name of the program.…

Goode, Sue; Lazara, Alex; Danaher, Joan

2008-01-01

363

Scottish Squirrel Group Wednesday 10th  

E-print Network

, Red Squirrels in South Scotland Georgina Watson, FCS Ecological support officer, Forest Research James Initiative James Pringle, Scottish Rural Property and Business Association Lewis Pate, Project Officer, as was Keith Morton from the RSPB, who replaces Neil Cowie. Georgina Watson was standing in for Brenda Mayle

364

October 10th Daejeon Convention Center, KOREA  

E-print Network

population. FUSION Future Vision of Green Energy #12;The 23rd IAEA Fusion Energy Conference (FEC) The optimum to fusion power generation". Korea, one of the leading countries in fusion energy research, is expected City Recognizing the prominent global role of nuclear energy, and based on the expectation that nuclear

365

Mt. Pinatubo 10th Anniversary Perspective  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This recent false color Landsat-7 image, from January 2001, shows Mt. Pinatubo as it stands today. The caldera is seen in the middle of the image, underneath clouds. Ten years after the blast, vegetation is re-growing on the slopes of the mountain (in green.) Streams of mud, called lahars, (resulting from ash from the eruption mixing with water- seen as the lighter sediment) continue to flow down the sides of the mountains, as well as channels of water (darker streams). However, as vegetation grows back, the ash becomes more stabilized and less likely to form the destructive lahars.

Mangos, Michael; Mcpeters, Richard; Herman, Jay

2001-06-12

366

Your Guide to 1802 SW 10th  

E-print Network

across from the Help Desk, another in the Smith Student Union Viking Court on the first floor and are segregated by gender. Men's and women's bathrooms are accessible with separate keys assigned at check

Latiolais, M. Paul

367

ANU EMERITUS FACULTY: 10TH ANNIVERSARY  

E-print Network

, University House, Canberra, 22 July 2010 in this university. Even though I have only been formally associated with the ANU for a few months ­ as compared in my present role. I have always believed that what makes a great university is excellence in three

Botea, Adi

368

It'sour10th Anniversary!  

E-print Network

. Simply add a donation on your registration form; call KU Endowment toll free at 888-653-6111; or visit of a single mom's life as it spins out of control in his newest novel, A Carol Dickens Christmas. Santa Marta

369

It'sour10th Anniversary!  

E-print Network

't worry. Simply add a donation on your registration form; call KU Endowment toll free at 888 and turns of a single mom's life as it spins out of control in his newest novel, A Carol Dickens Christmas, but it will help considerably. I deeply appreciate your understanding our need to take this step. See you soon! Jim

370

It'sour10th Anniversary!  

E-print Network

. Simply add a donation on your registration form; call KU Endowment toll free at 888-653-6111; or visit for a trip to the new Flint Hills Discovery Center in Manhattan. You'll be intrigued by your visit to one Averill on Dec. 2 as he shares the trials and tribulations of a single mom's life as it spins out

371

Mission Bay 10th Anniversary January 2013  

E-print Network

, with a drive to rebuild San Francisco's leadership in biotech. Nelson Rising, who had taken the helm in 1994 in cancer, cardiovascular disease and neuroscience have attracted the spokes of that hub: industry

Klein, Ophir

372

Mt. Pinatubo 10th Anniversary Perspective (Stills)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This recent false color Landsat-7 image, from January 2001, shows Mt. Pinatubo as it stands today. The caldera is seen in the middle of the image, underneath clouds. Ten years after the blast, vegetation is re-growing on the slopes of the mountain (in green.) Streams of mud, called lahars, (resulting from ash from the eruption mixing with water- seen as the lighter sediment) continue to flow down the sides of the mountains, as well as channels of water (darker streams). However, as vegetation grows back, the ash becomes more stabilized and less likely to form the destructive lahars.

Mangos, Michael; Mcpeters, Richard; Herman, Jay

2001-06-12

373

Graded Majorana spinors  

E-print Network

In many mathematical and physical contexts spinors are treated as Grassmann odd valued fields. We show that it is possible to extend the classification of reality conditions on such spinors by a new type of Majorana condition. In order to define this graded Majorana condition we make use of pseudo-conjugation, a rather unfamiliar extension of complex conjugation to supernumbers. Like the symplectic Majorana condition, the graded Majorana condition may be imposed, for example, in spacetimes in which the standard Majorana condition is inconsistent. However, in contrast to the symplectic condition, which requires duplicating the number of spinor fields, the graded condition can be imposed on a single Dirac spinor. We illustrate how graded Majorana spinors can be applied to supersymmetry by constructing a globally supersymmetric field theory in three-dimensional Euclidean space, an example of a spacetime where standard Majorana spinors do not exist.

A. F. Kleppe; Chris Wainwright

2005-01-31

374

Functionally Graded Media  

E-print Network

The notions of uniformity and homogeneity of elastic materials are reviewed in terms of Lie groupoids and frame bundles. This framework is also extended to consider the case Functionally Graded Media, which allows us to obtain some homogeneity conditions.

Campos, Cedric M; de Leon, Manuel

2007-01-01

375

Functionally Graded Media  

E-print Network

The notions of uniformity and homogeneity of elastic materials are reviewed in terms of Lie groupoids and frame bundles. This framework is also extended to consider the case Functionally Graded Media, which allows us to obtain some homogeneity conditions.

Cedric M. Campos; Marcelo Epstein; Manuel de Leon

2007-11-16

376

Trajectories of Internalizing, Externalizing, and Grades for Children Who Have and Have Not Experienced Their Parents' Divorce or Separation  

PubMed Central

This study examined whether the occurrence and timing of parental separation or divorce was related to trajectories of academic grades and mother- and teacher-reported internalizing and externalizing problems. The authors used hierarchical linear models to estimate trajectories for children who did and did not experience their parents' divorce or separation in kindergarten through 10th grade (N = 194). A novel approach to analyzing the timing of divorce/separation was adopted, and trajectories were estimated from 1 year prior to the divorce/separation to 3 years after the event. Results suggest that early parental divorce/separation is more negatively related to trajectories of internalizing and externalizing problems than is later divorce/separation, whereas later divorce/separation is more negatively related to grades. One implication of these findings is that children may benefit most from interventions focused on preventing internalizing and externalizing problems, whereas adolescents may benefit most from interventions focused on promoting academic achievement. PMID:16756405

Lansford, Jennifer E.; Malone, Patrick S.; Castellino, Domini R.; Dodge, Kenneth A.; Pettit, Gregory S.; Bates, John E.

2009-01-01

377

American Association for the Advancement of Science Benchmarks (Grades 6-8) Pre/PostAssessment  

E-print Network

Activityand ClimateChange AhimsaMedia's WhatCanYouDo The Nature of Science 1B: Scientific Inquiry X X The NatureSeaLevelData SignsofChange: StudyingTree Rings HumanActivityand ClimateChange AhimsaMedia's WhatCanYouDo Human SocietyActivityand ClimateChange AhimsaMedia's WhatcanYouDO Content Standard A: Science as Inquiry Abilities to do Scientific

Mojzsis, Stephen J.

378

Development of a California commercial building benchmarking database  

SciTech Connect

Building energy benchmarking is a useful starting point for commercial building owners and operators to target energy savings opportunities. There are a number of tools and methods for benchmarking energy use. Benchmarking based on regional data can provides more relevant information for California buildings than national tools such as Energy Star. This paper discusses issues related to benchmarking commercial building energy use and the development of Cal-Arch, a building energy benchmarking database for California. Currently Cal-Arch uses existing survey data from California's Commercial End Use Survey (CEUS), a largely underutilized wealth of information collected by California's major utilities. Doe's Commercial Building Energy Consumption Survey (CBECS) is used by a similar tool, Arch, and by a number of other benchmarking tools. Future versions of Arch/Cal-Arch will utilize additional data sources including modeled data and individual buildings to expand the database.

Kinney, Satkartar; Piette, Mary Ann

2002-05-17

379

Serving Grades Over the Internet.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper demonstrates a grade server that allows college students to access their grades over the Internet from the instructor's home page. Using a CGI (common gateway interface) program written in Visual Basic, the grades are read directly from an Excel spreadsheet and presented to the requester after he/she enters a password. The grade for…

Harris, James K.

380

Arizona Academic Standards: Grade 1.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document contains the Arizona academic standards for Grade 1. The following 11 standards are reviewed: (1) The Arts Standards 1997 ? Foundations (Grades 1-3); (2) Comprehensive Health Standards 1997 ? Foundations (Grades 1-3); (3) Foreign and Native Language Standards 1997 ? Foundations (Grades 1-3); (4) Reading Standard Articulated by…

Arizona State Department of Education, 2004

2004-01-01

381

Arizona Academic Standards, Grade 3.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication contains Arizona public schools' academic standards for grade 3. The contents of this document include the following: (1) The Arts Standards, 1997--Foundations (Grades 1-3); (2) Comprehensive Health Standards, 1997--Foundations (Grades 1-3); (3) Foreign and Native Language Standards, 1997--Foundations (Grades 1-3); (4) Reading…

Arizona State Department of Education, 2004

2004-01-01

382

Benchmark gamma-ray skyshine experiment  

SciTech Connect

A benchmark gamma-ray skyshine experiment is descibed in which /sup 60/Co sources were either collimated into an upward 150-deg conical beam or shielded vertically by two different thicknesses of concrete. A NaI(Tl) spectrometer and a high pressure ion chamber were used to measure, respectively, the energy spectrum and the 4..pi..-exposure rate of the air-reflected gamma photons up to 700 m from the source. Analyses of the data and comparison to DOT discrete ordinates calculations are presented.

Nason, R.R.; Shultis, J.K.; Faw, R.E.; Clifford, C.E.

1982-01-01

383

Benchmarking East Tennessee`s economic capacity  

SciTech Connect

This presentation is comprised of viewgraphs delineating major economic factors operating in 15 counties in East Tennessee. The purpose of the information presented is to provide a benchmark analysis of economic conditions for use in guiding economic growth in the region. The emphasis of the presentation is economic infrastructure, which is classified into six categories: human resources, technology, financial resources, physical infrastructure, quality of life, and tax and regulation. Data for analysis of key indicators in each of the categories are presented. Preliminary analyses, in the form of strengths and weaknesses and comparison to reference groups, are given.

NONE

1995-04-20

384

The NAS Parallel Benchmarks 2.1 Results  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

We present performance results for version 2.1 of the NAS Parallel Benchmarks (NPB) on the following architectures: IBM SP2/66 MHz; SGI Power Challenge Array/90 MHz; Cray Research T3D; and Intel Paragon. The NAS Parallel Benchmarks are a widely-recognized suite of benchmarks originally designed to compare the performance of highly parallel computers with that of traditional supercomputers.

Saphir, William; Woo, Alex; Yarrow, Maurice

1996-01-01

385

Technical Adequacy of the easyCBM Reading Measures (Grades 3-7), 2009-2010 Version. Technical Report #1005  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this series of studies, we investigated the technical adequacy of three curriculum-based measures used as benchmarks and for monitoring progress in three critical reading- related skills: fluency, reading comprehension, and vocabulary. In particular, we examined the following easyCBM measurement across grades 3-7 at fall, winter, and spring…

Saez, Leilani; Park, Bitnara; Nese, Joseph F. T.; Jamgochian, Elisa; Lai, Cheng-Fei; Anderson, Daniel; Kamata, Akihito; Alonzo, Julie; Tindal, Gerald

2010-01-01

386

Internal Consistency of the easyCBM© CCSS Reading Measures: Grades 3-8. Technical Report #1407  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This technical report documents findings from a study of the internal consistency and split-half reliability of the easyCBM© CCSS Reading measures, grades 3-8. Data, drawn from an extant data set gathered in school year 2013-2014, include scores from over 150,000 students' fall and winter benchmark assessments. Findings suggest that the…

Guerreiro, Meg; Alonzo, Julie; Tindal, Gerald

2014-01-01

387

A Program Evaluation of ClassScape Used in 3rd Grade Classes in a Rural County in North Carolina  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The research study will examine the impact of using the ClassScape program and targeted interventions on 3rd grade reading levels of performance. The conceptual and theoretical framework for the study suggests the need to connect formative, benchmark, and summative assessments in North Carolina. Furthermore, the review of the literature will…

Rogers, Misha Neely

2012-01-01

388

Learning Through Benchmarking: Developing a Relational, Prospective Approach to Benchmarking ICT in Learning and Teaching  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study discusses benchmarking the use of information and communication technologies (ICT) in teaching and learning between two universities with different missions: one an Australian campus-based metropolitan university and the other a British distance-education provider. It argues that the differences notwithstanding, it is possible to…

Ellis, Robert A.; Moore, Roger R.

2006-01-01

389

Performance Evaluation of Supercomputers using HPCC and IMB Benchmarks  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The HPC Challenge (HPCC) benchmark suite and the Intel MPI Benchmark (IMB) are used to compare and evaluate the combined performance of processor, memory subsystem and interconnect fabric of five leading supercomputers - SGI Altix BX2, Cray XI, Cray Opteron Cluster, Dell Xeon cluster, and NEC SX-8. These five systems use five different networks (SGI NUMALINK4, Cray network, Myrinet, InfiniBand, and NEC IXS). The complete set of HPCC benchmarks are run on each of these systems. Additionally, we present Intel MPI Benchmarks (IMB) results to study the performance of 11 MPI communication functions on these systems.

Saini, Subhash; Ciotti, Robert; Gunney, Brian T. N.; Spelce, Thomas E.; Koniges, Alice; Dossa, Don; Adamidis, Panagiotis; Rabenseifner, Rolf; Tiyyagura, Sunil R.; Mueller, Matthias; Fatoohi, Rod

2006-01-01

390

A Suite of Criticality Benchmarks for Validating Nuclear Data  

SciTech Connect

The continuous-energy neutron data library ENDF60 for use with MCNP{trademark} was released in the fall of 1994, and was based on ENDF/B-Vl evaluations through Release 2. As part of the data validation process for this library, a number of criticality benchmark calculations were performed. The original suite of nine criticality benchmarks used to test ENDF60 has now been expanded to 86 benchmarks. This report documents the specifications for the suite of 86 criticality benchmarks that have been developed for validating nuclear data.

Stephanie C. Frankle

1999-04-01

391

Hospital Energy Benchmarking Guidance - Version 1.0  

SciTech Connect

This document describes an energy benchmarking framework for hospitals. The document is organized as follows. The introduction provides a brief primer on benchmarking and its application to hospitals. The next two sections discuss special considerations including the identification of normalizing factors. The presentation of metrics is preceded by a description of the overall framework and the rationale for the grouping of metrics. Following the presentation of metrics, a high-level protocol is provided. The next section presents draft benchmarks for some metrics; benchmarks are not available for many metrics owing to a lack of data. This document ends with a list of research needs for further development.

Singer, Brett C.

2009-09-08

392

Benchmarking EU e-government at the crossroads : A framework for e-government benchmark design and improvement  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to offer insights and suggestions for the design of existing and future e-government benchmarks. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The paper presents several frameworks to structure the discussion of e-government benchmark design based on a review of existing research and practice. Second, it provides an overview of relevant benchmarking activities including new insights on the

Alexander R. M. Schellong

2010-01-01

393

Benchmarking hospital laboratory financial and operational performance.  

PubMed

The movement toward more integrated delivery systems requires hospital administrators, medical staffs, and health care network organizations to consider strategies that will meet the future challenges facing laboratory services. Many health care experts predict that the number of hospital inpatient days, staffed acute care beds, and length of stay will continue their precipitous decline, and then stabilize during the next four to five years. Hospitals should carefully evaluate how their laboratories might be affected as a result of the decline in inpatient services and the integration of health care services at all levels. Hospital executive management must find a way to manage staffing levels and technical resources in order to maintain quality patient services in the face of declining test volume. This Special Report discusses relevant benchmarks intended to help hospital administrators and laboratory directors identify "best practices" in hospital laboratories so that comparisons of patterns of care and financial operations can be made. Benchmarking the relative financial and operational performance of hospital laboratories allows health care planners to design the most appropriate laboratory services delivery system for future hospital inpatient and outpatient market demands. Factors influencing financial and operation performance will be investigated, including utilization, testing costs, staffing mix, productivity, and organizational structure. This will be followed by a discussion on the future of laboratories and the trend toward regional laboratories owned by hospital consortiums. PMID:10171737

Portugal, B

1993-12-01

394

Computational Thermochemistry and Benchmarking of Reliable Methods  

SciTech Connect

During the first and second years of the Computational Thermochemistry and Benchmarking of Reliable Methods project, we completed several studies using the parallel computing capabilities of the NWChem software and Molecular Science Computing Facility (MSCF), including large-scale density functional theory (DFT), second-order Moeller-Plesset (MP2) perturbation theory, and CCSD(T) calculations. During the third year, we continued to pursue the computational thermodynamic and benchmarking studies outlined in our proposal. With the issues affecting the robustness of the coupled cluster part of NWChem resolved, we pursued studies of the heats-of-formation of compounds containing 5 to 7 first- and/or second-row elements and approximately 10 to 14 hydrogens. The size of these systems, when combined with the large basis sets (cc-pVQZ and aug-cc-pVQZ) that are necessary for extrapolating to the complete basis set limit, creates a formidable computational challenge, for which NWChem on NWMPP1 is well suited.

Feller, David F.; Dixon, David A.; Dunning, Thom H.; Dupuis, Michel; McClemore, Doug; Peterson, Kirk A.; Xantheas, Sotiris S.; Bernholdt, David E.; Windus, Theresa L.; Chalasinski, Grzegorz; Fosada, Rubicelia; Olguim, Jorge; Dobbs, Kerwin D.; Frurip, Donald; Stevens, Walter J.; Rondan, Nelson; Chase, Jared M.; Nichols, Jeffrey A.

2006-06-20

395

Multisensor benchmark data for riot control  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Quick and precise response is essential for riot squads when coping with escalating violence in crowds. Often it is just a single person, known as the leader of the gang, who instigates other people and thus is responsible of excesses. Putting this single person out of action in most cases leads to a de-escalating situation. Fostering de-escalations is one of the main tasks of crowd and riot control. To do so, extensive situation awareness is mandatory for the squads and can be promoted by technical means such as video surveillance using sensor networks. To develop software tools for situation awareness appropriate input data with well-known quality is needed. Furthermore, the developer must be able to measure algorithm performance and ongoing improvements. Last but not least, after algorithm development has finished and marketing aspects emerge, meeting of specifications must be proved. This paper describes a multisensor benchmark which exactly serves this purpose. We first define the underlying algorithm task. Then we explain details about data acquisition and sensor setup and finally we give some insight into quality measures of multisensor data. Currently, the multisensor benchmark described in this paper is applied to the development of basic algorithms for situational awareness, e.g. tracking of individuals in a crowd.

Jäger, Uwe; Höpken, Marc; Dürr, Bernhard; Metzler, Jürgen; Willersinn, Dieter

2008-10-01

396

Experimentally Relevant Benchmarks for Gyrokinetic Codes  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Although benchmarking of gyrokinetic codes has been performed in the past, e.g., The Numerical Tokamak, The Cyclone Project, The Plasma Microturbulence Project, and various informal activities, these efforts have typically employed simple plasma models. For example, the Cyclone ``base case'' assumed shifted-circle flux surfaces, no magnetic transport, adiabatic electrons, no collisions nor impurities, ?i << a (?i the ion gyroradius and a the minor radius), and no ExB flow shear. This work presents comparisons of linear frequencies and nonlinear fluxes from GYRO and GS2 with none of the above approximations except ?i << a and no ExB flow shear. The comparisons are performed at two radii of a DIII-D plasma, one in the confinement region (r/a = 0.5) and the other closer to the edge (r/a = 0.7). Many of the plasma parameters differ by a factor of two between these two locations. Good agreement between GYRO and GS2 is found when neglecting collisions. However, differences are found when including e-i collisions (Lorentz model). The sources of the discrepancy are unknown as of yet. Nevertheless, two collisionless benchmarks have been formulated with considerably different plasma parameters. Acknowledgements to J. Candy, E. Belli, and M. Barnes.

Bravenec, Ronald

2010-11-01

397

VVER-440 dosimetry and neutron spectrum benchmark  

SciTech Connect

Light Water Reactor (LWR) benchmark experiments performed in the United States under the Surveillance Dosimetry Improvement Program (SDIP), in general, reported measured reaction rates and not neutron flux spectrum. The VVER-440 benchmark experiments, using a combination of spherical hydrogen-filled proportional counters and a stilbene scintillator detector, were measurements that provided a direct verification of the transport neutron flux spectrum. The original SAILOR cross-section library from ENDF/B-IV were used, except that the iron, hydrogen, and oxygen values from ENDF/B-VI were inserted. A linear-least-squares analysis showed that the average difference between calculations and measurements below 10 MeV was (a) less than 6% at the surveillance position; (b) less than 5% at the pressure vessel (PV) inner surface; (c) less than 6% at 1/3 thickness into the PV (1/3 T); (d) less than 17% at 2/3 thickness into the PV (2/3 T); and (e) less than 24% at the PV outer surface.

Sajot, E. [Louisiana State Univ., Baton Rouge, LA (United States). Nuclear Science Center; Kam, F.B.K. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States)

1993-11-01

398

Jobs For Youth-Boston, Madison Park Technical-Vocational H.S., Boston, Massachusetts. PLATO Evaluation Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Boston, Massachusetts, school district requires that its 9th grade students pass both the Boston Public Schools Math Benchmark Assessment (BPS Math) and the Scholastic Reading Inventory (SRI) before entering 10th grade. At Madison Park Technical-Vocational High School in June 2000, 349 students failed either the mathematics or reading test or…

Quinn, David W.; Quinn, Nancy W.

399

Health, Grade 5.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This is the fifth and last of the Vietnamese series of elementary health textbooks. This one was designed for fifth grade students in Vietnam. The thirty-five lessons are presented in the form of short stories with illustrations and a short summary. The four chapters cover the ordinary symptoms of illness, elementary notions of microbes and…

Bui Van Bao; And Others

400

Middle Grades Ideas.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents five activities suitable for middle grades. These include listings for a car race (BASIC) and poetry (Pilot) programs, and activities on graphics without programing, new meanings (related to computers) of old words, and developing a list of historical events. (JN)

Classroom Computer Learning, 1984

1984-01-01

401

Grade 1: School Neighborhood.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The curriculum guide presents a working draft of the first grade component of a K-6 social studies program using the expanding environments approach which was developed by the Allegany County Board of Education in Maryland. The overall objective is to help teachers assist their students in gaining the understanding needed to deal with the problems…

Allegany County Board of Education, Cumberland, MD.

402

Student Grade History System.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document describes the computerized procedures developed and utilized by Montgomery College (Maryland) to maintain records related to student academic progress. The new system was fully operable by fall 1972. Systems development included: (1) the conversion of past student records to a permanent grade history file; (2) the development of a…

White, Stephen R.

403

Purpose-Driven Grading  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Allowing students to improve their grade by revising their written work may help students learn to revise, but it gives them no incentive to turn in quality work from the start. This article proposes a way to invert the process, thereby teaching students how to revise, while enforcing a more disciplined approach to good writing. (Contains 3…

Carlson, Jane A. K.; Kimpton, Ann

2010-01-01

404

Career Awareness: Grade 5.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A broad educational background is necessary to meet ever changing occupational fields, and career education is an approach incorporating career information within regular school curriculum. For the elementary level, career awareness is the main thrust in this program to integrate students and community. The format for grade five, performance…

Boise City Independent School District, ID.

405

World Cultures Grade 3  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Grade 3 Standard2 Objective 1 Objective: Students will learn to identify elements of cultures in the seven different continents. Assignment: You have just been hired to be a travel agent. Your first customer wants to take a trip around a continent. To be a good travel agent ...

Shunn-Mitchell, Ms.

2008-11-25

406

Flower gardens (grade 3)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a sample PARCC assessment task based on CCSS grade 3 fraction standards. In this interactive three-part task students reason about fractions used to represent area or a location on a number line. Included are the alignments to the CCSS, a scoring rubric, and background on the task itself.

2013-01-01

407

Social Studies: Grade 8.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This Manitoba (Canada) curriculum guide for eighth grade social studies students contains suggested teaching strategies and learning activities in four units covering: (1) life during prehistoric and early historic times; (2) ancient civilizations; (3) life in early modern Europe; and (4) life in the modern world. Each unit includes an overview,…

Manitoba Dept. of Education, Winnipeg.

408

Reader. Grade 5.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This textbook is the last in the official reading series developed by the Ministry of Education in Saigon and used in all public schools in Vietnam. The books in this series have been reprinted in their entirety from the original editions for use in elementary schools in the United States which have Vietnamese students. This grade 5 reader…

Center for Applied Linguistics, Arlington, VA.

409

Health, Grade 3.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This is the third in a series of health primers for elementary education in Vietnam. It is written for Vietnamese children at the third grade level. The fifty-three lessons are integrated into one story. Each lesson is illustrated and briefly summarized. The eight chapters are: (1) Hygiene, at home, in school and in public places; (2) Food and…

Bui Van Bao; And Others

410

Upper Grades Ideas.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents a collection of teaching activities suitable for students in the upper grades. These activities focus on practical programming projects, use of word processors for learning a foreign language, an Atari program for making a starburst, and a program (with deliberate errors) to determine the thickness of folded paper. (JN)

Classroom Computer Learning, 1985

1985-01-01

411

Mariana's fractions (grade 3)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a sample PARCC assessment task based on CCSS grade 3 fraction standards. In this interactive five-part task students reason about fractions used to represent part of a whole or a location on a number line. Included are the alignments to the CCSS, a scoring rubric, and background on the task itself.

2013-01-01

412

Early Grades Ideas.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents computer-oriented teaching suggestions suitable for early grades. They include creating houses and stained glass ornaments using Logo, recording class activities with a database management program, making mazes with graphics programs, making drawings with a KoalaPad, and using a program to introduce computers to non-English speaking…

Classroom Computer Learning, 1984

1984-01-01

413

Career Awareness: Grade 2.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A broad educational background is necessary to meet ever changing occupational fields, and career education is an approach incorporating career information within the regular school curriculum. For the elementary level, career awareness is the main thrust in this program to integrate students and community. The format for grade two, performance…

Boise City Independent School District, ID.

414

Multicultural Resources for Literature. Grade One to Grade Six. Grade Seven to Grade Twelve.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This bibliography provides teachers with a list of titles in literature that are available through the Multiculture Educational Resource Centre in Winnipeg, Canada. The citations are annotated and indicate appropriate grade level. Some of the books included in the bibliography depict the history of ethnic immigration in North America, while others…

Lecours, Sylvie

415

ECCOMAS CFD 2006 Numerical benchmarking of fluid-structure  

E-print Network

ECCOMAS CFD 2006 Numerical benchmarking of fluid-structure interaction between elastic object elastic object and laminar incompressible flow ­ p.1/15 #12;ECCOMAS CFD 2006 Key questions Accurate incompressible flow ­ p.2/15 #12;ECCOMAS CFD 2006 Requirements for numerical FSI benchmarking mainly based

Hron, Jaroslav

416

Dependability Benchmarking & Prediction: A Grand Challenge Technology Problem  

E-print Network

Dependability Benchmarking & Prediction: A Grand Challenge Technology Problem Abstract We propose requirements. But, eager adoption of less-than-dependable technology in effectively critical roles will happen the grand challenge problem of dependability benchmarking and prediction for real-time mission

Koopman, Philip

417

Presidential Address 1997--Benchmarks for the Next Millennium.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reflects on the century's preeminent benchmarks, including the evolution in the lives of people with disabilities and the prevention of many causes of mental retardation. The ethical challenges of genetic engineering and diagnostic technology and the need for new benchmarks in policy, practice, and research are discussed. (CR)

Baker, Pamela C.

1997-01-01

418

Benchmarking Academic Standards in History: an empirical exercise  

Microsoft Academic Search

The article reports on a small?scale project that investigated the potential of using a benchmarking club on assessment practices in History as a means of establishing and comparing academic standards. The context of the project is described and the benchmarking club's key findings are presented. Issues addressed are the subject goals, levels of study, assessment methods, assessment criteria, marking practices,

Harvey Woolf; Angela Cooper; Bernard Bourdillon; Paul Bridges; Debbie Collymore; Chris Haines; David Turner; Mantz Yorke

1999-01-01

419

A Comparison of Six Sample Providers Regarding Online Privacy Benchmarks  

E-print Network

1 A Comparison of Six Sample Providers Regarding Online Privacy Benchmarks Sebastian Schnorf Google@google.com ABSTRACT Researchers increasingly utilize online tools to gather insights. We show how privacy comfort differences depending on provider, we fielded a small set of privacy-related benchmark questions regarding

Cortes, Corinna

420

A Benchmark for Context Data Management in Mobile Applications  

E-print Network

A Benchmark for Context Data Management in Mobile Applications Nadine Fr�ohlich Thorsten M.lastname}@unibas.ch Abstract Over the last few years, computational power, storage capacity, and sensing capabilities of mobile of applications. In this paper, we introduce a benchmark for context management in mobile context

Vetter, Thomas

421

AN ENERGY BENCHMARK FOR SOFTWARE UPDATES ON WIRELESS SENSOR NODES  

E-print Network

AN ENERGY BENCHMARK FOR SOFTWARE UPDATES ON WIRELESS SENSOR NODES S. Brown*, C.J. Sreenan *Dept, Modelling, Energy, Benchmark. Abstract Energy consumption is arguably the key factor in the design not consume a significant fraction of a WSN's energy reserve; also, the required consumption must be known

Sreenan, Cormac J.

422

Cache performance of the SPEC92 benchmark suite  

Microsoft Academic Search

The authors consider whether SPECmarks, the figures of merit obtained from running the SPEC benchmarks under certain specified conditions, accurately indicate the performance to be expected from real, live work loads. Miss ratios for the entire set of SPEC92 benchmarks are measured. It is found that instruction cache miss ratios in general, and data cache miss ratios for the integer

Jeffrey D. Gee; Mark D. Hill; Dionisios N. Pnevmatikatos; Alan Jay Smith

1993-01-01

423

Practical Considerations when Using Benchmarking for Accountability in Higher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The qualitative study on which this article is based examined key individuals' perceptions, both within a research university community and beyond in its external governing board, of how to improve benchmarking as an accountability method in higher education. Differing understanding of benchmarking revealed practical implications for using it as…

Achtemeier, Sue D.; Simpson, Ronald D.

2005-01-01

424

Higher Education Ranking and Leagues Tables: Lessons Learned from Benchmarking  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The paper intends to contribute to the debate on ranking and league tables by adopting a critical approach to ranking methodologies from the point of view of a university benchmarking exercise. The absence of a strict benchmarking exercise in the ranking process has been, in the opinion of the author, one of the major problems encountered in the…

Proulx, Roland

2007-01-01

425

What Are the ACT College Readiness Benchmarks? Information Brief  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The ACT College Readiness Benchmarks are the minimum ACT® college readiness assessment scores required for students to have a high probability of success in credit-bearing college courses--English Composition, social sciences courses, College Algebra, or Biology. This report identifies the College Readiness Benchmarks on the ACT Compass scale…

ACT, Inc., 2013

2013-01-01

426

vendredi 7 dcembre 2012 Benchmarking of Excavated Soil  

E-print Network

vendredi 7 décembre 2012 Benchmarking of Excavated Soil Reuse Management in Europe & Development · Implementation at a National Level: different options, different tools > Challenge with Excavated Soil Reuse from some experienced countries. vendredi 7 décembre 2012 D3E / DG > 2 Benchmarking of Excavated Soil

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

427

Benchmarking Performance Improvement Indicators for the Clinical Engineering Department  

Microsoft Academic Search

Performance measurement and Benchmarking have become an integral component of all sectors and the Clinical Engineering (CE) department can not be overlooked. The optimum goal of Benchmarking Performance indicators in the CE department is to continuously strive to improve the quality of the CE department's services upstream, which will consequently lead to a better financial performance downstream. To be successful

Patrick Kitcher

2006-01-01

428

Mibench: a free, commercially representative embedded benchmark suite  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines a set of commercially representative embedded programs and compares them to an existing benchmark suite, SPEC2000. A new version of SimpleScalar that has been adapted to the ARM instruction set is used to characterize the performance of the benchmarks using configurations similar to current and next generation embedded processors. Several characteristics distinguish the representative embedded programs from

Matthew R. Guthaus; Jeffrey S. Ringenberg; Dan Ernst; T Mudge; Rb Brown; Todd Austin

2001-01-01

429

New Mexico Arts Content Standards and Benchmarks, 1997.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide to the New Mexico arts content standards and benchmarks provides a coherent structure to guide curriculum, instruction, and assessment. When developing these content standards and benchmarks for the arts, the writing committees considered and appreciated the importance of the arts to education. Some of the ideas and beliefs in the guide…

New Mexico State Dept. of Education, Santa Fe.

430

Sound Representation and Classification Benchmark for Domestic Robots  

E-print Network

Sound Representation and Classification Benchmark for Domestic Robots Janvier Maxime, Xavier results of a comparative study in the context of a domestic robotic scenario. A dataset of sounds.) using the humanoid robot NAO. An extended benchmark is carried out to test a variety of representations

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

431

Benchmark experiments for fission product data (nuclear date)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Five general areas of application for nuclear cross sections have been ; identified for benchmark testing by the Cross Section Evaluation Working Group ; (CSEWG); thermal and fast reactors, shielding, dosimetry and fission product ; properties. For both thermal and fast reactors, benchmark experiments consist of ; measurements of integral reaction rates, reactivity coefficients and criticality ; in well defined,

Schenter

1975-01-01

432

COMPARING MODEL SIMULATIONS OF THREE BENCHMARK TSUNAMI GENERATION CASES  

E-print Network

, Sendai 980-8579, Japan. 3Prof., Dept. Ocean Engineering, University of Rhode Island, Narragansett, RI1 COMPARING MODEL SIMULATIONS OF THREE BENCHMARK TSUNAMI GENERATION CASES By Philip Watts1 02882. KEYWORDS: Tsunami, tidal wave, wave generation, benchmark case, simulation, underwater landslide

Grilli, Stéphan T.

433

42 CFR 422.258 - Calculation of benchmarks.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Calculation of benchmarks. 422.258 Section...Information and Plan Approval § 422.258 Calculation of benchmarks. (a) The term...has received the plan bids. (c) Calculation of MA regional non-drug...

2010-10-01

434

Benchmarking and Sustainable Transport Policy: Learning from the BEST Network  

Microsoft Academic Search

Benchmarking is a widely used method of comparing performances and practices in order to learn from the best. In 2000, the so?called ‘BEST network’ was set up to explore benchmarking as a tool to promote policies for ‘sustainable transport’. This paper reports the findings and recommendations from the BEST experience on how to address this challenge. The findings suggest that

Henrik Gudmundsson; Andrew Wyatt; Lucy Gordon

2005-01-01

435

Evaluating Benchmarks of Population Status for Pacific Salmon  

Microsoft Academic Search

Canada is developing an indicator approach for assessing the biological status of conservation units of Pacific salmon Oncorhynchus spp. under its Wild Salmon Policy that is based, in part, on the abundance of adult fish. Two benchmarks will be used to place populations in one of three abundance categories. The lower benchmark is proposed to be at a level that

Carrie A. Holt; Michael J. Bradford

2011-01-01

436

Open CORBA Benchmarking 3HWU 7 PD Adam Buble  

E-print Network

Open CORBA Benchmarking 3HWU 7 PD Adam Buble Charles University, Faculty of Mathematics and Physics: +420-2-21914323 e-mails: petr.tuma@mff.cuni.cz, adam.buble@mff.cuni.cz Abstract: We present two an audience that uses the benchmarks mainly to assess the performance of their par- ticular broker, e.g

437

3D Benchmark on Discretization Schemes for Anisotropic Diffusion Problems  

E-print Network

3D Benchmark on Discretization Schemes for Anisotropic Diffusion Problems on General Grids Robert and heterogeneous diffusion problems, associated with general, possibly non-conforming, 3D grids, were proposed-conforming meshes, 3D benchmark. MSC2010: 65N08, 65N30, 65Y20, 76S05 Robert Eymard Universit´e Paris-Est, France, e

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

438

Benchmark tests for DARPA resource management database performance evaluations  

Microsoft Academic Search

A nominally 1000-word resource management database for continuous speech recognition was developed for use in the DARPA Speech Research Program. This database has now been used at several sites for benchmark tests, and the database is expected to be made available to a wider community in the near future. The author documents the structure of the benchmark tests, including the

David S. Pallett

1989-01-01

439

What Are ACT's College Readiness Benchmarks? Issues in College Readiness  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents questions and answers about ACT's College Readiness Benchmarks. ACT's College Readiness Benchmarks are the minimum ACT test scores required for students to have a high probability of success in credit-bearing college courses--English Composition, social sciences courses, College Algebra, or Biology. Colleges can use the…

ACT, Inc., 2010

2010-01-01

440

Title Code Step/Grade Title Code Step/Grade  

E-print Network

Title Code Step/Grade Salary / to Title Code Step/Grade Salary / to Dist% TEMPORARY INTERCAMPUS) Code (ex: BYA, by-agreement: REG, regular pay etc) SD Fund Source to be charged (Index, Fund & Location

Tsien, Roger Y.

441

GRADING Effective September 1980 Dentistry Graduate Under-Grade Numerical  

E-print Network

GRADING ­ Effective September 1980 Dentistry Graduate Under- Grade Numerical (effective Grades graduate Points Scale 1987) Grades of Marks A A A 4.0 85 - 100 % A- A- A- 3.7 80 - 84 % B+ B+ B+ 3.3 75 - 79 % B B B 3.0 70 - 74 % B- B- B- 2.7 65 - 69 % C+ C+ 2.3 60 - 64 % C 2.0 55 - 59 % D 1.0 50 - 54 % F

Barthelat, Francois

442

Benchmarking using the Community Atmospheric Model  

SciTech Connect

The Community Atmospheric Model (CAM) is a global atmosphere model developed for the weather and climate research communities. CAM also serves as the atmospheric component of the Community Climate System Model (CCSM). As a community model, it is important that CAM run efficiently on different architectures, and that it be easily ported to and optimized on new platforms. The current version of CAM contains a number of performance portability features- compile-time or runtime parameters that can be used to optimize performance for a given platform, problem or processor count. The large number of tuning options can make benchmarking an arduous task. The paper describes these options and how optimization is managed to make it feasible for evaluation of early systems. The paper also describes some of the performance sensitivities of selected

Worley, Patrick H [ORNL

2006-01-01

443

NASA Indexing Benchmarks: Evaluating Text Search Engines  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The current proliferation of on-line information resources underscores the requirement for the ability to index collections of information and search and retrieve them in a convenient manner. This study develops criteria for analytically comparing the index and search engines and presents results for a number of freely available search engines. A product of this research is a toolkit capable of automatically indexing, searching, and extracting performance statistics from each of the focused search engines. This toolkit is highly configurable and has the ability to run these benchmark tests against other engines as well. Results demonstrate that the tested search engines can be grouped into two levels. Level one engines are efficient on small to medium sized data collections, but show weaknesses when used for collections 100MB or larger. Level two search engines are recommended for data collections up to and beyond 100MB.

Esler, Sandra L.; Nelson, Michael L.

1997-01-01

444

CKM benchmarks for electron EDM experiments  

E-print Network

All current experiments searching for an electron EDM d_e are performed with atoms and diatomic molecules. Motivated by significant recent progress in searches for an EDM-type signal in diatomic molecules with an uncompensated electron spin, we provide an estimate for the expected signal in the Standard Model due to the CKM phase. We find that the main contribution originates from the effective electron-nucleon operator $\\bar{e} i\\gamma_5 e \\bar{N}N$, induced by a combination of weak and electromagnetic interactions at $O(G_F^2\\alpha^2)$, and not by the CKM-induced electron EDM itself. When the resulting atomic P,T-odd mixing is interpreted as an {\\it equivalent} electron EDM, this estimate leads to the benchmark $d_e^{equiv}(CKM) \\sim 10^{-38}$ ecm.

Maxim Pospelov; Adam Ritz

2013-11-21

445

Iterative springback compensation of NUMISHEET benchmark ?1  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Upon unloading after the forming stage, a sheet metal product will spring back due to internal stresses. Springback is a major problem for process-planning engineers. In industrial practise, deformations due to springback are compensated manually, by doing extensive measurements on prototype parts, and altering the tool geometry by hand. This is a time consuming and costly operation. In this paper the application of two compensation algorithms, based on the finite element simulation of the forming process are discussed. The smooth displacement adjustment (SDA) method and the springforward (SF) method have been applied to several industrial products, such as the NUMISHEET 2005 benchmark?1. With the SDA method successful compensations have been carried out. For the SF method some principal problems remain.

Lingbeek, R. A.; Huétink, J.; Ohnimus, S.; Weiher, J.

2005-08-01

446

WASTES II model storage requirements benchmark testing  

SciTech Connect

A study was conducted to benchmark results obtained from using the Waste System Transportation and Economic Simulation - Version II (WASTES II) model against information published in the ''Spent Fuel Storage Requirements'' report (DOE/RL-84-1). The WASTES model was developed by PNL for use in evaluating the spent-fuel storage and transportation requirements and costs for the US Department of Energy (DOE). The ''Spent Fuel Storage Requirements'' report is issued annually by the DOE and provides both historical/projected spent fuel inventory data and storage requirements data based on information supplied directly from utilities. The objective of this study is to compare the total inventory and storage requirements documented in the ''Spent Fuel Storage Requirements'' report with similar data that results from use of the WASTES model. Three differences have been identified as a result of benchmark testing. Two minor differences are present in the total inventory projected and the equivalent metric tons of uranium of spent fuel requiring storage. These differences result from the way reinserted spent fuel is handled and the methods used to calculate mass equivalents. A third difference is found in the storage requirements for the case that uses intra-utility transshipment. This discrepancy is due to the Oyster Creek reactor, which is shown to not require additional storage in the Spent Fuel Storage Requirements report, even though there is no destination reactor of the same type within its utility. The discrepancy was corrected soon after the 1984 ''Spent Fuel Storage Requirements report was issued and does not appear in more recent documents (DOE/RL-85-2).

Shay, M.R.; Walling, R.C.; Altenhofen, M.K.

1986-09-01

447

Benchmarking Competitiveness: Is America's Technological Hegemony Waning?  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

For more than half a century, by almost every standard, the United States has been the world's leader in scientific discovery, innovation and technological competitiveness. To a large degree, that dominant position stemmed from the circumstances our nation inherited at the conclusion of the World War Two: we were, in effect, the only major nation left standing that did not have to repair serious war damage. And we found ourselves with an extraordinary science and technology base that we had developed for military purposes. We had the laboratories -- industrial, academic and government -- as well as the scientific and engineering personnel -- many of them immigrants who had escaped from war-time Europe. What remained was to convert the wartime machinery into peacetime uses. We adopted private and public policies that accomplished the transition remarkably well, and we have prospered ever since. Our higher education system, our protection of intellectual property rights, our venture capital system, our entrepreneurial culture and our willingness to commit government funds for the support of science and engineering have been key components to our success. But recent competitiveness benchmarks suggest that our dominance is waning rapidly, in part because other nations have begun to emulate our successful model, in part because globalization has ``flattened'' the world and in part because we have been reluctant to pursue the public policies that are necessary to ensure our leadership. We will examine these benchmarks and explore the policy changes that are needed to keep our nation's science and technology enterprise vibrant and our economic growth on an upward trajectory.

Lubell, Michael S.

2006-03-01

448

PIALA 2000: Libraries and Archives--Where Information and Language Literacy Begin [and] Engaged Readers and Writers in Multicultural Island Communities. Selected Papers from the 10th Pacific Islands Association of Libraries and Archives Conference Joint with the 13th Annual Regional Language Arts Conference (Tumon, Guam, November 9-11, 2000)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This proceedings combines presentations from the jointly held 10th Annual PIALA 2000 Conference and the 13th Annual Regional Language Arts Conference. The volume begins with the welcoming remarks of Mary L. Silk, Christine Ku Scott-Smith, Antonio R. Umpingco, Delia Munoz Rosal, Lawrence Kasperbauer, Rosie Tainatongo, Richard S. Tom, Mary L.…

Cohen, Arlene, Ed.; Quan, Clarisa G., Ed.

2004-01-01

449

CEUS in the differentiation between low and high-grade bladder carcinoma  

PubMed Central

Introduction Bladder cancer ranks 4th overall in the number of newly diagnosed cancers and 10th in causes of cancer deaths. More than 90% of all cases of bladder cancer are transitional cell carcinoma (TCC). The goal of this study is to confirm the usefulness of low mechanical index contrast-enhanced ultrasonography (CEUS), also in association with time–intensity curves, in the differentiation between high- and low-grade bladder malignant lesions. Materials and methods From February 2006 to February 2012 we recruited 144 patients. All patients underwent grayscale ultrasonography (US), color-Doppler ultrasonography (CDUS) and contrast-enhanced ultrasonography (CEUS). Subsequently all patients underwent cystoscopy and TURB. Results Histological diagnoses were: 88 high-grade carcinomas (61.1%), and 56 low-grade carcinomas (38.9%). Sensitivity and specificity of CDUS were 87.5% (126/144) and 60%, respectively. Sensitivity and specificity of CEUS were 90.9% and 85.7%, respectively. Sensitivity and specificity of TIC were 91.6% (132/144) and 85.7%, respectively. Discussion and conclusions CEUS is a reliable noninvasive method for differentiating low- and high-grade bladder carcinomas since it provides typical enhancement patterns as well as specific contrast-sonographic perfusion curves. PMID:23730389

Drudi, F.M.; Di Leo, N.; Malpassini, F.; Antonini, F.; Corongiu, E.; Iori, F.

2012-01-01

450

Starting a learning progression for agricultural literacy: A qualitative study of urban elementary student understandings of agricultural and science education benchmarks  

Microsoft Academic Search

Science and agriculture professional organizations have argued for agricultural literacy as a goal for K-12 public education. Due to the complexity of our modern agri-food system, with social, economic, and environmental concerns embedded, an agriculturally literate society is needed for informed decision making, democratic participation, and system reform. While grade-span specific benchmarks for gauging agri-food system literacy have been developed,

Alexander Jay Hess

2010-01-01

451

Low-grade gliomas.  

PubMed

Low-grade gliomas (LGGs) are a diverse group of primary brain tumors that often arise in young, otherwise healthy patients and generally have an indolent course with longer-term survival in comparison with high-grade gliomas. Treatment options include observation, surgery, radiation, chemotherapy, or a combined approach, and management is individualized based on tumor location, histology, molecular profile, and patient characteristics. Moreover, in this type of brain tumor with a relatively good prognosis and prolonged survival, the potential benefits of treatment must be carefully weighed against potential treatment-related risks. We review in this article current management strategies for LGG, including surgery, radiotherapy, and chemotherapy. In addition, the importance of profiling the genetic and molecular properties of LGGs in the development of targeted anticancer therapies is also reviewed. Finally, given the prevalence of these tumors in otherwise healthy young patients, the impact of treatment on neurocognitive function and quality of life is also evaluated. PMID:24664484

Forst, Deborah A; Nahed, Brian V; Loeffler, Jay S; Batchelor, Tracy T

2014-04-01

452

School Mural ( Grade 3)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a sample PARCC assessment task based on CCSS grade 3 operations and algebraic thinking standards as well as the measurement and data standards. In this interactive multi-step task students must write a number sentence that can be used to find how many tiles high the mural is at school and then show the value of the Distributive Property in solving a problem. Included are the alignments to the CCSS, a scoring rubric and background on the task itself.

2013-01-01

453

Fourth Grade Lab Activities  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

These are a collection of sites related to the Fourth Grade CORE, to be explored in the computer lab. For SCIENCE explorations click below. 1. Clouds and the water cycle at the Enchanted Learning site. 2. Look at the Cloud Man&s pictures of clouds. 3. Cloud Types 4. Clouds and Precipitation: online meteorology guide 5. The Dirt on Soil 6. The Dirt on Soil 7. Soil Horizons For MATH activities click below. Math activities "A" ...

Boissonnault, Ms.

2005-06-23

454

Toxicological benchmarks for screening potential contaminants of concern for effects on aquatic biota: 1996 revision  

SciTech Connect

This report presents potential screening benchmarks for protection of aquatic life form contaminants in water. Because there is no guidance for screening for benchmarks, a set of alternative benchmarks is presented herein. This report presents the alternative benchmarks for chemicals that have been detected on the Oak Ridge Reservation. It also presents the data used to calculate the benchmarks and the sources of the data. It compares the benchmarks and discusses their relative conservatism and utility. Also included is the updates of benchmark values where appropriate, new benchmark values, secondary sources are replaced by primary sources, and a more complete documentation of the sources and derivation of all values are presented.

Suter, G.W. II [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States)] [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States); Tsao, C.L. [Duke Univ., Durham, NC (United States). School of the Environment] [Duke Univ., Durham, NC (United States). School of the Environment

1996-06-01

455

You Can Prevent Distorted Grading.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Grade inflation, which distorts the measurement process and reduces student effort, is caused, in part, by teachers' concern for students' emotional needs. Communication of classroom expectations and grading procedures, frequent evaluation, and utilization of standardized testing data can help reduce grade inflation. (Author/WD)

McCormick, Michael

1981-01-01

456

How Accurate Is Peer Grading?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Previously we showed that weekly, written, timed, and peer-graded practice exams help increase student performance on written exams and decrease failure rates in an introductory biology course. Here we analyze the accuracy of peer grading, based on a comparison of student scores to those assigned by a professional grader. When students graded…

Freeman, Scott; Parks, John W.

2010-01-01

457

Weighting and Distributing Course Grades  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Instructors of nursing often face vexing questions concerning the assignment of grades, both during and at the end of the course: Should grade distributions follow a predetermined curve? How does a teacher bring together the several partial grades? Many variables influence evaluation decisions; the authors present theory and ground rules.…

Kramer, Sister Mary Albert; Cowles, John T.

1974-01-01

458

Optical Response of Graded Films  

Microsoft Academic Search

Graded materials have quite different physical properties from the homogeneous materials. Recently, it has been found that graded thin films may have better dielectric properties than a single-layer film. The materials properties of graded films can vary continuously in space. These materials have attracted much interest in various engineering applications. However, the traditional theories fail to deal with the composites

Joseph T. A. Kwok

2005-01-01

459

Arizona Academic Standards, Grade 8.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication provides information relating to Arizona Academic Standards for Grade 8. The following standards are reviewed: (1) the arts standards; (2) comprehensive health standards; (3) foreign and native language standards; (4) reading standard articulated by grade level 2003; (5) writing standard articulated by grade level 2004; (6)…

Arizona State Department of Education, 2004

2004-01-01

460

Benchmark Evaluation of Plutonium Nitrate Solution Arrays  

SciTech Connect

In October and November of 1981 thirteen approach-to-critical experiments were performed on a remote split table machine (RSTM) in the Critical Mass Laboratory of Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL) in Richland, Washington, using planar arrays of polyethylene bottles filled with plutonium (Pu) nitrate solution. Arrays of up to sixteen bottles were used to measure the critical number of bottles and critical array spacing with a tight fitting Plexiglas{reg_sign} reflector on all sides of the arrays except the top. Some experiments used Plexiglas shells fitted around each bottles to determine the effect of moderation on criticality. Each bottle contained approximately 2.4 L of Pu(NO3)4 solution with a Pu content of 105 g Pu/L and a free acid molarity H+ of 5.1. The plutonium was of low 240Pu (2.9 wt.%) content. These experiments were performed to fill a gap in experimental data regarding criticality limits for storing and handling arrays of Pu solution in reprocessing facilities. Of the thirteen approach-to-critical experiments eleven resulted in extrapolations to critical configurations. Four of the approaches were extrapolated to the critical number of bottles; these were not evaluated further due to the large uncertainty associated with the modeling of a fraction of a bottle. The remaining seven approaches were extrapolated to critical array spacing of 3-4 and 4-4 arrays; these seven critical configurations were evaluation for inclusion as acceptable benchmark experiments in the International Criticality Safety Benchmark Evaluation Project (ICSBEP) Handbook. Detailed and simple models of these configurations were created and the associated bias of these simplifications was determined to range from 0.00116 and 0.00162 {+-} 0.00006 ?keff. Monte Carlo analysis of all models was completed using MCNP5 with ENDF/BVII.0 neutron cross section libraries. A thorough uncertainty analysis of all critical, geometric, and material parameters was performed using parameter perturbation methods. It was found that uncertainty in the impurities in the polyethylene bottles, reflector position, bottle outer diameter, and critical array spacing had the largest effect. The total uncertainty ranged from 0.00651 to 0.00920 ?keff. Evaluation methods and results will be presented and discussed in greater detail in the full paper.

M. A. Marshall; J. D. Bess

2011-09-01

461

7 CFR 810.304 - Grades and grade requirements for canola.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Agriculture 7 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Grades and grade requirements for canola. 810.304 Section 810...United States Standards for Canola-Terms Defined Grades and Grade Requirements § 810.304 Grades and...

2010-01-01

462

7 CFR 810.1004 - Grades and grade requirements for oats.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...false Grades and grade requirements for oats. 810.1004 Section 810.1004 Agriculture...FOR GRAIN United States Standards for Oats Principles Governing the Application...1004 Grades and grade requirements for oats. Grade Minimum limits— Test...

2013-01-01

463

7 CFR 810.1004 - Grades and grade requirements for oats.  

...false Grades and grade requirements for oats. 810.1004 Section 810.1004 Agriculture...FOR GRAIN United States Standards for Oats Principles Governing the Application...1004 Grades and grade requirements for oats. Grade Minimum limits— Test...

2014-01-01

464

Grading the teacher  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Several fads ago there was a movement to grade teachers in terms of their competency — competency-based testing. Everyone knows that there are good teachers and there are bad teachers. The trouble is, it's hard to define the categories. It's like the Supreme Court justice who couldn't define pornography, but knew it when he saw it. In New York State, prospective teachers must take tests in both pedagogy and subject material. That seems reasonable. There ought to be some minimum standards, so I thought that I would try my hand at setting up such requirements.

Swartz, Clifford E.

2000-04-01

465

Benchmarking of Planning Models Using Recorded Dynamics  

SciTech Connect

Power system planning extensively uses model simulation to understand the dynamic behaviors and determine the operating limits of a power system. Model quality is key to the safety and reliability of electricity delivery. Planning model benchmarking, or model validation, has been one of the central topics in power engineering studies for years. As model validation aims at obtaining reasonable models to represent dynamic behavior of power system components, it has been essential to validate models against actual measurements. The development of phasor technology provides such measurements and represents a new opportunity for model validation as phasor measurements can capture power system dynamics with high-speed, time-synchronized data. Previously, methods for rigorous comparison of model simulation and recorded dynamics have been developed and applied to quantify model quality of power plants in the Western Electricity Coordinating Council (WECC). These methods can locate model components which need improvement. Recent work continues this effort and focuses on how model parameters may be calibrated to match recorded dynamics after the problematic model components are identified. A calibration method using Extended Kalman Filter technique is being developed. This paper provides an overview of prior work on model validation and presents new development on the calibration method and initial results of model parameter calibration.

Huang, Zhenyu; Yang, Bo; Kosterev, Dmitry

2009-03-15

466

European Lean Gasoline Direct Injection Vehicle Benchmark  

SciTech Connect

Lean Gasoline Direct Injection (LGDI) combustion is a promising technical path for achieving significant improvements in fuel efficiency while meeting future emissions requirements. Though Stoichiometric Gasoline Direct Injection (SGDI) technology is commercially available in a few vehicles on the American market, LGDI vehicles are not, but can be found in Europe. Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) obtained a European BMW 1-series fitted with a 2.0l LGDI engine. The vehicle was instrumented and commissioned on a chassis dynamometer. The engine and after-treatment performance and emissions were characterized over US drive cycles (Federal Test Procedure (FTP), the Highway Fuel Economy Test (HFET), and US06 Supplemental Federal Test Procedure (US06)) and steady state mappings. The vehicle micro hybrid features (engine stop-start and intelligent alternator) were benchmarked as well during the course of that study. The data was analyzed to quantify the benefits and drawbacks of the lean gasoline direct injection and micro hybrid technologies from a fuel economy and emissions perspectives with respect to the US market. Additionally that data will be formatted to develop, substantiate, and exercise vehicle simulations with conventional and advanced powertrains.

Chambon, Paul H [ORNL] [ORNL; Huff, Shean P [ORNL] [ORNL; Edwards, Kevin Dean [ORNL] [ORNL; Norman, Kevin M [ORNL] [ORNL; Prikhodko, Vitaly Y [ORNL] [ORNL; Thomas, John F [ORNL] [ORNL

2011-01-01

467

Hydrologic information server for benchmark precipitation dataset  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper will present the methodology and overall system development by which a benchmark dataset of precipitation information has been made available. Rainfall is the primary driver of the hydrologic cycle. High quality precipitation data is vital for hydrologic models, hydrometeorologic studies and climate analysis,and hydrologic time series observations are important to many water resources applications. Over the past two decades, with the advent of NEXRAD radar, science to measure and record rainfall has improved dramatically. However, much existing data has not been readily available for public access or transferable among the agricultural, engineering and scientific communities. This project takes advantage of the existing CUAHSI Hydrologic Information System ODM model and tools to bridge the gap between data storage and data access, providing an accepted standard interface for internet access to the largest time-series dataset of NEXRAD precipitation data ever assembled. This research effort has produced an operational data system to ingest, transform, load and then serve one of most important hydrologic variable sets.

McEnery, John A.; McKee, Paul W.; Shelton, Gregory P.; Ramsey, Ryan W.

2013-01-01

468

Security Benchmarking using Partial Verification Thomas E. Hart, Marsha Chechik  

E-print Network

Security Benchmarking using Partial Verification Thomas E. Hart, Marsha Chechik Department of Computer Science University of Toronto David Lie Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering University of Toronto Abstract Implementation-level vulnerabilities are a persistent threat to the security

Lie, David

469

Data envelopment analysis: performance normalization and benchmarking in healthcare.  

PubMed

Healthcare organizations are being impacted by the current economic environment as severely as for-profit firms. As a result, hospital and system managers are being required to continuously assess and improve their operational efficiency, by focusing on productivity, costs and volumes. Benchmarking is one way to compare performance across hospitals, but many benchmarking methods are of limited value because they rely on ratio analysis which is fairly simplistic and does not allow for comparisons across organizations of different sizes, focus or risk profiles. One way to improve benchmarking efforts is an analytical technique called data envelopment analysis (DEA), which performs complex mathematical optimization of inputs (resources consumed) and outputs of healthcare production processes to facilitate comparison of one organization to others making adjustments for scale. This article outlines how healthcare organizations can use a new benchmarking technique to normalize, or standardize performance, using DEA tools. PMID:19663163

Galterio, Lou; Helton, Jeff; Langabeer, James; DelliFraine, Jami

2009-01-01

470

NAS Grid Benchmarks: A Tool for Grid Space Exploration  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

We present an approach for benchmarking services provided by computational Grids. It is based on the NAS Parallel Benchmarks (NPB) and is called NAS Grid Benchmark (NGB) in this paper. We present NGB as a data flow graph encapsulating an instance of an NPB code in each graph node, which communicates with other nodes by sending/receiving initialization data. These nodes may be mapped to the same or different Grid machines. Like NPB, NGB will specify several different classes (problem sizes). NGB also specifies the generic Grid services sufficient for running the bench-mark. The implementor has the freedom to choose any specific Grid environment. However, we describe a reference implementation in Java, and present some scenarios for using NGB.

Frumkin, Michael; VanderWijngaart, Rob F.; Biegel, Bryan (Technical Monitor)

2001-01-01

471

Issues in benchmarking human reliability analysis methods : a literature review.  

SciTech Connect

There is a diversity of human reliability analysis (HRA) methods available for use in assessing human performance within probabilistic risk assessment (PRA). Due to the significant differences in the methods, including the scope, approach, and underlying models, there is a need for an empirical comparison investigating the validity and reliability of the methods. To accomplish this empirical comparison, a benchmarking study is currently underway that compares HRA methods with each other and against operator performance in simulator studies. In order to account for as many effects as possible in the construction of this benchmarking study, a literature review was conducted, reviewing past benchmarking studies in the areas of psychology and risk assessment. A number of lessons learned through these studies are presented in order to aid in the design of future HRA benchmarking endeavors.

Lois, Erasmia (US Nuclear Regulatory Commission); Forester, John Alan; Tran, Tuan Q. (Idaho National Laboratory, Idaho Falls, ID); Hendrickson, Stacey M. Langfitt; Boring, Ronald L. (Idaho National Laboratory, Idaho Falls, ID)

2008-04-01

472

Issues in Benchmarking Human Reliability Analysis Methods: A Literature Review  

SciTech Connect

There is a diversity of human reliability analysis (HRA) methods available for use in assessing human performance within probabilistic risk assessments (PRA). Due to the significant differences in the methods, including the scope, approach, and underlying models, there is a need for an empirical comparison investigating the validity and reliability of the methods. To accomplish this empirical comparison, a benchmarking study comparing and evaluating HRA methods in assessing operator performance in simulator experiments is currently underway. In order to account for as many effects as possible in the construction of this benchmarking study, a literature review was conducted, reviewing past benchmarking studies in the areas of psychology and risk assessment. A number of lessons learned through these studies are presented in order to aid in the design of future HRA benchmarking endeavors.

Ronald L. Boring; Stacey M. L. Hendrickson; John A. Forester; Tuan Q. Tran; Erasmia Lois

2010-06-01

473

Benchmarking tools for the alignment of functional noncoding DNA  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: Numerous tools have been developed to align genomic sequences. However, their relative performance in specific applications remains poorly characterized. Alignments of protein- coding sequences typically have been benchmarked against \\

Daniel A. Pollard; Casey M. Bergman; Jens Stoye; Susan E. Celniker; Michael B. Eisen

2004-01-01

474

Benchmarking Semiconductor Manufacturing Robert C. Leachman and David A. Hodges  

E-print Network

Benchmarking Semiconductor Manufacturing Robert C. Leachman and David A. Hodges Competitive Semiconductor Manufacturing Program Engineering Systems Research Center University of California at Berkeley Berkeley, CA 94720 Abstract We are studying the manufacturing performance of semiconductor wafer

Hodges, David A.

475

Benchmarking Semiconductor Manufacturing Robert C. Leachman and David A. Hodges  

E-print Network

Benchmarking Semiconductor Manufacturing Robert C. Leachman and David A. Hodges Competitive Semiconductor Manufacturing Program Engineering Systems Research Center University of California at Berkeley Berkeley, CA 94720-1750 Abstract We are studying the manufacturing performance of semiconductor wafer

Hodges, David A.

476

Benchmark Solutions for Computational Aeroacoustics (CAA) Code Validation  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

NASA has conducted a series of Computational Aeroacoustics (CAA) Workshops on Benchmark Problems to develop a set of realistic CAA problems that can be used for code validation. In the Third (1999) and Fourth (2003) Workshops, the single airfoil gust response problem, with real geometry effects, was included as one of the benchmark problems. Respondents were asked to calculate the airfoil RMS pressure and far-field acoustic intensity for different airfoil geometries and a wide range of gust frequencies. This paper presents the validated that have been obtained to the benchmark problem, and in addition, compares them with classical flat plate results. It is seen that airfoil geometry has a strong effect on the airfoil unsteady pressure, and a significant effect on the far-field acoustic intensity. Those parts of the benchmark problem that have not yet been adequately solved are identified and presented as a challenge to the CAA research community.

Scott, James R.

2004-01-01

477

41 CFR 60-300.45 - Benchmarks for hiring.  

...EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITY, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR 300-AFFIRMATIVE ACTION AND NONDISCRIMINATION OBLIGATIONS OF FEDERAL...VETERANS, AND ARMED FORCES SERVICE MEDAL VETERANS Affirmative Action Program § 60-300.45 Benchmarks for...

2014-07-01

478

Sieve of Eratosthenes Benchmarks for the Z8 FORTH Microcontroller.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report presents benchmarks for the Z8 FORTH microcontroller system that ORNL uses extensively in proving concepts and developing prototype test equipment for the Smart House Project. The results are based on the sieve of Eratosthenes algorithm, a cal...

R. Edwards

1989-01-01

479

Implementation of the NAS Parallel Benchmarks in Java.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Several features make Java an attractive choice for High Performance Computing (HPC). In order to gauge the applicability of Java to Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD), we have implemented the NAS (NASA Advanced Supercomputing) Parallel Benchmarks in Java...

M. A. Frumkin, M. Schultz, H. Jin, J. Yan

2002-01-01

480

A benchmark study on the thermal conductivity of nanofluids  

E-print Network

This article reports on the International Nanofluid Property Benchmark Exercise, or INPBE, in which the thermal conductivity of identical samples of colloidally stable dispersions of nanoparticles or “nanofluids,” was ...

Buongiorno, Jacopo

481

System Dependability --Characterization and Benchmarking Yves Crouzet1,2  

E-print Network

to benchmark alternative architectural solutions of instrumentation and control systems of nuclear power plants, published in "Advances in Computers. Special issue: Dependable and Secure Systems Engineering, A. Hurson, S

Boyer, Edmond

482

42 CFR 440.330 - Benchmark health benefits coverage.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

42 Public Health 4 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Benchmark health benefits coverage. 440.330 Section 440.330 Public Health CENTERS FOR MEDICARE & MEDICAID SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES...

2013-10-01

483

42 CFR 457.420 - Benchmark health benefits coverage.  

42 Public Health 4 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Benchmark health benefits coverage. 457.420 Section 457.420 Public Health CENTERS FOR MEDICARE & MEDICAID SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES...

2014-10-01

484

42 CFR 440.330 - Benchmark health benefits coverage.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

42 Public Health 4 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Benchmark health benefits coverage. 440.330 Section 440.330 Public Health CENTERS FOR MEDICARE & MEDICAID SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES...

2011-10-01

485

42 CFR 440.330 - Benchmark health benefits coverage.  

42 Public Health 4 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Benchmark health benefits coverage. 440.330 Section 440.330 Public Health CENTERS FOR MEDICARE & MEDICAID SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES...

2014-10-01

486

29 CFR 1952.323 - Compliance staffing benchmarks.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... APPROVED STATE PLANS FOR ENFORCEMENT OF STATE STANDARDS Indiana § 1952.323 Compliance staffing benchmarks. Under...each State operating an approved State plan. In September 1984 Indiana, in conjunction with OSHA, completed a...

2010-07-01

487

29 CFR 1952.323 - Compliance staffing benchmarks.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... APPROVED STATE PLANS FOR ENFORCEMENT OF STATE STANDARDS Indiana § 1952.323 Compliance staffing benchmarks. Under...each State operating an approved State plan. In September 1984 Indiana, in conjunction with OSHA, completed a...

2013-07-01

488

29 CFR 1952.323 - Compliance staffing benchmarks.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... APPROVED STATE PLANS FOR ENFORCEMENT OF STATE STANDARDS Indiana § 1952.323 Compliance staffing benchmarks. Under...each State operating an approved State plan. In September 1984 Indiana, in conjunction with OSHA, completed a...

2011-07-01

489

29 CFR 1952.323 - Compliance staffing benchmarks.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... APPROVED STATE PLANS FOR ENFORCEMENT OF STATE STANDARDS Indiana § 1952.323 Compliance staffing benchmarks. Under...each State operating an approved State plan. In September 1984 Indiana, in conjunction with OSHA, completed a...

2012-07-01

490

23 March 2010 Update on the Sitka Spruce Benchmarking  

E-print Network

John Moore 23 March 2010 Update on the Sitka Spruce Benchmarking Study #12;2 · Phase 1 ­ standing presented at IUFRO conference on "Connections Between Forest Resources and Wood Quality" in Finland, 2008

491

Derivation of criticality safety benchmarks from ZPR fast critical assemblies  

SciTech Connect

Scores of critical assemblies were constructed, over a period of about three decades, at the Argonne National Laboratory ZPR-3, ZPR-6, ZPR-9, and ZPPR fast critical assembly facilities. Most of the assemblies were mockups of various liquid-metal fast breeder reactor designs. These tended to be complex, containing, for example, mockups of control rods and control rod positions. Some assemblies, however, were `physics benchmarks`. These relatively `clean` assemblies had uniform compositions and simple geometry and were designed to test fast reactor physics data and methods. Assemblies in this last category are well suited to form the basis for new criticality safety benchmarks. The purpose of this paper is to present an overview of some of these benchmark candidates and to describe the strategy being used to create the benchmarks.

Schaefer, R.W.; McKnight, R.D.

1997-09-01

492

42 CFR 440.330 - Benchmark health benefits coverage.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

42 Public Health 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Benchmark health benefits coverage. 440.330 Section 440.330 Public Health CENTERS FOR MEDICARE & MEDICAID SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES...

2010-10-01

493

Benchmarks in organism performance and their use in comparative analyses  

Microsoft Academic Search

Evaluating the response of organisms to stress assumes that functional benchmarks are available against which the response\\u000a can be gauged, but this expectation remains unfulfilled for many taxa. As a result, attempts to describe the organismic effects\\u000a of environmental degradation and physiological stress can prove misleading. Functional benchmarks and the effects of stress\\u000a are particularly germane to coral reefs that

Peter J. EdmundsHollie; Hollie M. Putnam; Roger M. Nisbet; Erik B. Muller

494

Benchmarking energy efficiency of office buildings in Bangkok  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A study of benchmarking energy efficiency of office buildings in Bangkok has been carried out. The data including building information and energy used is derived from similar thirty-eight office buildings. In order to be better compared, each of the energy consumption data is adjusted for operation hour normalization and climate factor standard. The result is proposed as a set of energy management tools consisted of four parts. It is considered useful for both proposed design and existing buildings in order to assess their energy performance and set up energy target. The first tool is linear correlation and equation between annual energy consumption (kWh) and gross floor area (m2). It plays important role in targeting energy performance especially for proposed design buildings because it has potential to estimate energy consumption based on gross floor area alone. Next is benchmarking energy efficiency in term of kWh/m2/year for Typical and Good practice building. The benchmark for Typical is found as 225 kWh/m2/year, while the benchmark for Good practice is found as 170 kWh/m2/year. The benchmark is considered useful for energy managers in existing office buildings in Bangkok. It helps to assess current energy efficiency of a building compared to others in the same category. If the building performs lower than the standard, the benchmark provides an energy efficiency target. In addition, benchmarking energy efficiency in systems is proposed as the third part of a set of energy management tools. The systems benchmark is composed of breakdown in air-conditioning system, lighting system, office equipment, and other systems in term of kWh/m2/year for Typical and Good practice.

Tantiwanit, Kornkamon

495

Benchmarking Ada tasking on tightly coupled multiprocessor architectures  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The development of benchmarks and performance measures for parallel Ada tasking is reported with emphasis on the macroscopic behavior of the benchmark across a set of load parameters. The application chosen for the study was the NASREM model for telerobot control, relevant to many NASA missions. The results of the study demonstrate the potential of parallel Ada in accomplishing the task of developing a control system for a system such as the Flight Telerobotic Servicer using the NASREM framework.

Collard, Philippe; Goforth, Andre; Marquardt, Matthew

1989-01-01

496

Measuring Mutual Fund Performance with Characteristic-Based Benchmarks  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article develops and applies new measures of portfolio performance which use benchmarks based on the characteristics of stocks held by the portfolios that are evaluated. Specifically, the benchmarks are constructed from the returns of 125 passive portfolios that are matched with stocks held in the evaluated portfolio on the basis of the marked capitalization, book-to-market, and prior-year return characteristics

M. Grinblatt; S. Titman; R. Wermers

1997-01-01

497

Implementation of the NAS Parallel Benchmarks in Java  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Several features make Java an attractive choice for High Performance Computing (HPC). In order to gauge the applicability of Java to Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD), we have implemented the NAS (NASA Advanced Supercomputing) Parallel Benchmarks in Java. The performance and scalability of the benchmarks point out the areas where improvement in Java compiler technology and in Java thread implementation would position Java closer to Fortran in the competition for CFD applications.

Frumkin, Michael A.; Schultz, Matthew; Jin, Haoqiang; Yan, Jerry; Biegel, Bryan (Technical Monitor)

2002-01-01

498

Benchmark Evaluation of the NRAD Reactor LEU Core Startup Measurements  

SciTech Connect

The Neutron Radiography (NRAD) reactor is a 250-kW TRIGA-(Training, Research, Isotope Production, General Atomics)-conversion-type reactor at the Idaho National Laboratory; it is primarily used for neutron radiography analysis of irradiated and unirradiated fuels and materials. The NRAD reactor was converted from HEU to LEU fuel with 60 fuel elements and brought critical on March 31, 2010. This configuration of the NRAD reactor has been evaluated as an acceptable benchmark experiment and is available in the 2011 editions of the International Handbook of Evaluated Criticality Safety Benchmark Experiments (ICSBEP Handbook) and the International Handbook of Evaluated Reactor Physics Benchmark Experiments (IRPhEP Handbook). Significant effort went into precisely characterizing all aspects of the reactor core dimensions and material properties; detailed analyses of reactor parameters minimized experimental uncertainties. The largest contributors to the total benchmark uncertainty were the 234U, 236U, Er, and Hf content in the fuel; the manganese content in the stainless steel cladding; and the unknown level of water saturation in the graphite reflector blocks. A simplified benchmark model of the NRAD reactor was prepared with a keff of 1.0012 {+-} 0.0029 (1s). Monte Carlo calculations with MCNP5 and KENO-VI and various neutron cross section libraries were performed and compared with the benchmark eigenvalue for the 60-fuel-element core configuration; all calculated eigenvalues are between 0.3 and 0.8% greater than the benchmark value. Benchmark evaluations of the NRAD reactor are beneficial in understanding biases and uncertainties affecting criticality safety analyses of storage, handling, or transportation applications with LEU-Er-Zr-H fuel.

J. D. Bess; T. L. Maddock; M. A. Marshall

2011-09-01

499

Performance and Scalability of the NAS Parallel Benchmarks in Java  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Several features make Java an attractive choice for scientific applications. In order to gauge the applicability of Java to Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD), we have implemented the NAS (NASA Advanced Supercomputing) Parallel Benchmarks in Java. The performance and scalability of the benchmarks point out the areas where improvement in Java compiler technology and in Java thread implementation would position Java closer to Fortran in the competition for scientific applications.

Frumkin, Michael A.; Schultz, Matthew; Jin, Haoqiang; Yan, Jerry; Biegel, Bryan A. (Technical Monitor)

2002-01-01

500

Monte Carlo Benchmark Calculations for 400MWth PBMR Core  

Microsoft Academic Search

Benchmark calculations for the core of the 400MWth Pebble-bed Modular Reactor (PBMR), being developed in South Africa, were carried out by using MCNP5 code as a part of establishing Monte Carlo computation system for HTGR core analysis. After the detailed MCNP modeling of the whole facility, two neutronic benchmark problems, for fresh fuel and cold conditions(Case F-1), and first core

Hong-Chul KIM; Soon Young KIM; Jong Kyung KIM; Jae Man NOH