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Sample records for 194ir kodola struktura

  1. New supersymmetric quartet of nuclei: {sup 192,193}Os-{sup 193,194}Ir

    SciTech Connect

    Bijker, R.; Frank, A.; Barea, J.; Graw, G.; Wirth, H.-F.; Hertenberger, R.; Jolie, J.

    2009-01-28

    We present evidence for the existence of a new supersymmetric quartet of nuclei in the A{approx}190 mass region. The analysis is based on new experimental information on the odd-odd nucleus {sup 194}Ir from transfer and neutron capture reactions. The new data allow the identification of a new supersymmetric quartet, consisting of the {sup 192,193}Os and {sup 193,194}Ir nuclei. We make explicit predictions for {sup 193}Os, and suggest that its spectroscopic properties be measured in dedicated experiments. Finally, we study correlations between different transfer reactions.

  2. Gamma-ray spectrometry in the decay of (194)Ir to (194)Pt.

    PubMed

    Krane, K S

    2016-09-01

    As a complement to a resent high-resolution spectrometric investigation of the decay of (194)Au to levels of (194)Pt, a similar study has been undertaken of the decay of 19-h (194)Ir to (194)Pt. The two decays populate a similar set of levels in (194)Pt, and so the complementary investigations with similar resolution and efficiency permit a direct comparison of the two data sets. Overall there is excellent agreement between the energies of the common γ-ray transitions and also between the deduced energies of the excited states in (194)Pt. The (194)Ir half-life has been remeasured to be 19.20(2)h. PMID:27318151

  3. Formation of the isomeric pair {sup 194}Ir{sup m,g} in interactions of {alpha} particles with {sup 192}Os

    SciTech Connect

    Uddin, M. S.; Qaim, S. M.; Sudar, S.

    2011-08-15

    Cross sections were measured by the activation technique for the nuclear processes {sup 192}Os({alpha},d+pn+np){sup 194}Ir{sup m,g} up to {alpha}-particle energies of 39 MeV. From the measured data the isomeric cross-section ratio was deduced as a function of projectile energy. The present experimental data as well as those for the {sup 194}Pt(n,p){sup 194}Ir{sup m,g} reaction, given in the literature, were compared with the results of nuclear model calculations using the code talys, which combines the statistical, precompound, and direct interactions. In general, the experimental data were reproduced well by the model calculations, which were done using relatively low values of {eta} (i.e., {Theta}{sub eff}/{Theta}{sub rigid}). The results provide more evidence for the mass dependence of {eta}. The level density parameter for {sup 194}Ir was determined unambiguously.

  4. Determination of effective resonance energy for the 193Ir(n,γ)194Ir reaction by the cadmium ratio method

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Budak, Mustafa Guray; Karadag, Mustafa; Yücel, Haluk

    2016-04-01

    In this work, the effective resonance energy, Ebarr -value for the 193Ir(n,γ)194Ir reaction was measured using cadmium ratio method. A dual monitor (197Au-98Mo), which has convenient resonance properties, was employed for characterization of the irradiation sites. Then analytical grade iridium oxide samples diluted with CaCO3 to lower neutron self-shielding effect stacked in small cylindrical Teflon boxes were irradiated once with a 1 mm thick Cd cylindrical box placed in a thermalized neutron field of an 241Am-Be neutron source then without it. The activities produced in samples during 193Ir(n,γ)194Ir reaction were measured using a p-type HPGe detector γ-ray spectrometer with a 44.8% relative efficiency. The correction factors for thermal, epithermal neutron self-shielding (Gth, Gepi), true coincidence summing (Fcoi) and gamma-ray self-absorption (Fs) effects were determined with appropriate approaches and programs. Thus, the experimental Ebarr -value was determined to be 2.65 ± 0.61 eV for 193Ir target nuclide. The recent data for Q0 and FCd values for Ebarr determination were based on k0-NAA online database. The present experimental Ebarr value was calculated and compared with more recent values for Q0 and FCd for 193Ir. Additionally, the Ebarr -values was theoretically calculated from the up-to-date resonance data obtained from ENDF/B VII library using two different approaches. Since there is no experimentally determined Ebarr -value for the 193Ir isotope, the results are compared with the calculated ones given in the literature.

  5. [Polonia Medyczna: struktura, współczesność i przyszłość].

    PubMed

    Rudnicki, Marek

    2016-01-01

    It is estimated that approximately 20-25 000 polish physicians practice medicine in different countries outside of Poland, enriching medical workforces in their newly elected countries. The composition of this group, known as "Medical Polonia", has been changing from post Second World War emigration, resulting from the war and its political consequences, thru the next large wave of physicians leaving the communist country in 1980's. The last large group of Polish physicians has taken advantage of training opportunities or have started practices in the European Union, having departed Poland permanently or temporarily, after the country joined the European Union in 2004. The first organizations of Polish physicians outside of Poland were founded almost immediately after WWII in London, Chicago, New York, Paris, Lille, and later in Stockholm. Decades later, re-invigorated by their native country gaining independence after 1989, they organized the first World Congress of Medical Polonia in 1991 (in collaboration with physicians' organization from Poland). The World Federation of Polish Medical Organization Abroad was then established in 1994. Subsequently, many organizations joined the Federation, including several from newly liberated countries of former Soviet Union. The Federation of Polish Medical Organizations and its member societies actively promotes medical education, collaboration between polish doctors all over the world, and the exchange of ideas-sharing experiences with significant emphasis on the quality of care and patient safety. PMID:27486709

  6. Financial Structure of Mining Sector Companies During an Economic Slowdown /Struktura Finansowania Przedsiębiorstw W Sektorze Górniczym I Wydobywczym W Okresie Spowolnienia Gospodarczego

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sierpińska, Maria; Bąk, Patrycja

    2012-12-01

    The global economic crisis that started in 2007 in the area of finance, expanded over the subsequent years to the business sphere, and resulted in a drop of demand and production almost in any field of business activity. Access to foreign sources of finance, especially to loans, has become more difficult and expensive. In such circumstances, enterprises have had to resort more often to their own capital generated by the issue of shares, and to retained profit. Banks have limited their loans for business entities, reduced credit periods, and raised credit margins as well as their levels of collaterals. The McKinsey research into the changes that occur in the structures of sources of finance confirms that the share of equity capital in the structure of financing of non-financial enterprises has visibly grown, and their crediting scopes have been limited all over the European Union as well as in the euro zone. The global tendencies as regards directions of changes in the structure of the sources of corporate financing have also been reflected in Poland. The economic slowdown has resulted in changes in the structures of corporate financing. Mining companies have risen the shares of their equity capital in their general sources of financing. This tendency corresponds to the changes of structure of corporate financing in Poland and Europe. Enterprises have resorted to bank loans to a lesser degree than in times of better market situation. In mining, public companies have increased their crediting, while in private sector the tendency has been reverse. Enterprises tend to use more flexible debiting forms as compared to credits by way of issue of long-term corporate bonds. Mining companies have developed issue programs that are to be implemented over three-year periods. Before, only Katowicki Holding Węglowy [Katowice Mining Holding] had issued bonds. The present publication is an attempt at assessing the changes in the structure of corporate financing within the mining sector in the circumstances of economic slowdown. The changes have been assessed against the background of changes in the structure of financing of other business entities. Three problems have been identified and subjected to research. The first concerns the increasing share of equity capital in the structure of corporate financing in mining enterprises. The second issue concerns the scope of corporate crediting. And the third issue relates to the time structure of corporate debt. The said issues have been analysed in the conditions of economic slowdown

  7. New supersymmetric quartet of nuclei in the A{approx}190 mass region

    SciTech Connect

    Barea, J.; Bijker, R.; Frank, A.; Graw, G.; Hertenberger, R.; Wirth, H.-F.; Christen, S.; Jolie, J.; Tonev, D.; Balodis, M.; Berzins, J.; Kramere, N.; Egidy, T. von

    2009-03-15

    We present evidence for a new supersymmetric quartet in the A{approx}190 region of the nuclear mass table. New experimental information on transfer and neutron capture reactions to the odd-odd nucleus {sup 194}Ir strongly suggests the existence of a new supersymmetric quartet, consisting of the {sup 192,193}Os and {sup 193,194}Ir nuclei. We make explicit predictions for the odd-neutron nucleus {sup 193}Os and suggest that its spectroscopic properties be measured in dedicated experiments.

  8. "Man in Danger" Media Festival in Łódź - the structure and motivations of the festival visitors / Festiwal Medialny w Łodzi - "Człowiek w niebezpieczeństwie" - struktura i motywacje festiwalowych gości

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cudny, Waldemar; Stanik, Ewelina

    2013-06-01

    Artykuł przedstawia problemy dotyczące rozwoju festiwali sztuki miejskiej w miastach postsocjalistycznych na przykładzie Łodzi - jednego z największych miast Polski. Autorzy przeprowadzili ankietę podczas Festiwalu Medialnego "Człowiek w niebezpieczeństwie", zorganizowanego w Łodzi, a poświęconego głównie filmom dokumentalnym. Rozważania dotyczą zjawisk z dziedziny geografii kulturowej i miejskiej, analizowanych w badaniach nad wydarzeniami kulturalnymi, a także oceny tych wydarzeń i motywacji uczestnictwa w nich. Uczestnikami są głównie młodzi mieszkańcy Łodzi, z których wielu jest studentami szkoły filmowej. Głównymi czynnikami motywującymi uczestnictwo w "evencie" są potrzeba doznań kulturalnych i nowych doświadczeń, ciekawość oraz chęć rozwijania kontaktów towarzyskich. Na podstawie analizy autorzy przedstawiają wnioski dotyczące roli wydarzeń kulturalnych w rozwoju kultury w mieście i spełnieniu potrzeb mieszkańców. Badanie ukazuje, że festiwal odgrywa znaczącą rolę w zaspokajaniu potrzeb kulturalnych, pogłębianiu zainteresowań oraz tworzeniu kapitału społecznego.

  9. Levels of two-particle and gamma bands in 192Ir

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Balodis, M.; Krasta, T.

    2015-01-01

    Level scheme of the transitional doubly odd nucleus 192Ir is analysed in detail up to about 530 keV energy using earlier published experimental data of neutron capture and particle transfer reactions. A number of new levels are proposed. Obtained 192Ir level scheme is interpreted in terms of particle-plus-rotor coupling model. It is shown that the long-lived 241 year isomer of 192Ir has spin-parity 11-, just like the analogous states in neighbouring 190,194Ir.

  10. Structure of cerium potassium sulfate 2K/sub 2/SO/sub 4/. Ce(SO/sub 4/)/sub 2/. 2H/sub 2/O

    SciTech Connect

    Dikareva, L.M.; Kuznetsov, V.Y.; Porai-Koshits, M.A.; Rogachev, D.L.

    1985-09-01

    Out of 4036 independent reflections, 3828 with I > 2 sigma were used in structural calculations effected by the program ''Syntex XTL'' on a Nova 1200 minicomputer and by the program ''Struktura'' on an ES-1022 computer. The heavy-atom method was used to make the final refinement to R = 0.037, taking account of the anisotropy of the thermal vibrations of the atoms. The atomic coordinates are listed in a table.

  11. Production of tungsten-188 and osmium-194 in a nuclear reactor for new clinical generators

    SciTech Connect

    Mirzadeh, S.; Knapp, F.F. Jr.; Callahan, A.P.

    1991-01-01

    Rhenium-188 and iridium-194 are potential candidates for radioimmunotherapy with monoclonal antibodies directed against tumor-associated antigens. Both nuclei are short-lived and decay by high energy {Beta}{minus} emission. In addition, both nuclei emit {gamma}-rays with energy suitable for imaging. An important characteristics is availability of {sup 188}Re and {sup 194}Ir from decay of reactor-produced parents ({sup 188}W and {sup 194}Os, respectively) in convenient generator systems. The {sup 188}W and {sup 194}Os are produced by double neutron capture of {sup 186}W and {sup 192}Os, respectively. The large scale production yields of {sup 188}W in several nuclear reactors will be presented. We also report a new management for the cross-section of {sup 193}Os(n,{gamma}){sup 194}Os reaction and discuss the feasibility of producing sufficient quantities of {sup 194}Os. 17 refs., 1 fig., 2 tabs.

  12. Double-neutron capture reaction and natural abundance of 183W, 195Pt and 199Hg isotopes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Karamian, S. A.; Aksenov, N. V.; Bozhikov, G. A.

    2016-06-01

    There are much data on neutron cross sections over the chart of nuclides for stable isotopes and not as much for the radioactive ones. Double neutron capture experiments could be fruitful to provide more data. Time-integrated mean flux of slow neutrons reaches the value of 2.3-1012 n/cm2 s at the irradiation port near the active zone of the IBR-2 pulsed reactor of JINR. This is enough to detect the double neutron capture products by the activation method. A high capture cross section is obtained in the present experiment for intermediate radioactive 182Ta and 194Ir target nuclides. Together with the known data for 198Au, these values may prove an essential role of double neutron capture process for nucleosynthesis of 183W, 195Pt and 199Hg isotopes at stellar conditions.

  13. Nuclear Medicine Program progress report for quarter ending December 31, 1990

    SciTech Connect

    Knapp, F.F. Jr.; Ambrose, K.R.; Callahan, A.P.; McPherson, D.W.; Mirzadeh, S.; Srivastava, P.C.; Allred, J.F.; Hasan, A.; Lambert, C.R.; Lambert, S.J.; Rice, D.E.

    1991-06-01

    In this report the development of a solvent extraction technique for the efficient separation of iridium radioisotopes from osmium radioisotopes is described. The Os-191 (Os-VIII) was efficiently separated from iridium-192 by extraction of a 1 M HCl solution with <10{sup {minus}2}M tetrahexylamine (THA) in methyl isobutyl ketone. Over 99% of the osmium is extracted in one step, leaving the radioactive iridium in the aqueous acidic solution. This simple extraction technique may be useful for the development of a new Os-194/Ir-194 generator prototype which is currently being explored. Also in this report, biodistribution studies of the two iodine-125 (I-125)-labeled spiroperidol analogues, E-3-N-(iodo-1-propen-3-yl)- and E-3-N-(iodo-1-penten-5-yl)spiroperidol in male Balb C mice are described. Several samples were supplied for collaborative research projects during this period and included I-125 and I-131 methyl-branched fatty acids, samples of tin-117m (Sn-117m), gold-199 (Au-199) and scandium-47 (Sc-47). 11 refs., 2 figs., 3 tabs.

  14. Crystal structure of cerium (IV)-di-potassium trisulfate monohydrate

    SciTech Connect

    Kuznetsov, V.Ya.; Dikareva, L.M.; Rogachev, D.L.; Porai-Koshits, M.A.

    1986-07-01

    The compound K2Ce(SO4)3 x H2O (I) was obtained in a study of the system Ce(SO4)2-K2SO4-H2O4-HO2 at 50-150C (1). The refined unit-cell parameters are: a = 20.600(3), b = 7.0744 (6), c = 18.583(3) A, US = 126.083(8), V = 2189(1) AT, Z = 8, rho/sub calc/ = 3.202(2) g/cmT, space group C2. The previously given unit-cell parameters are related to those given here by the matrices 100/010/0.5 0 1 and 100/010/-1 0-1. The intensities of 3416 independent reflections (3363 with I greater than or equal to 2sigma) and the unit cell parameters were measured on a Syntex P21 four-circle automatic diffractometer (lambdaMoK , theta/2 theta scanning at variable rate from 4 to 29.3 deg/min to theta = 60). The structural calculations were done on a Nova 1200 minicomputer by means of the Syntex XTL programs and on an ES 1022 computer by means of the Struktura programs. They used the heavy atom method; the final refinement over 3240 reflections (R = 0.071) was made allowing for the anisotropy of the thermal vibrations of the atoms.

  15. No Effect of Remote Ischemic Conditioning Strategies on Recovery from Renal Ischemia-Reperfusion Injury and Protective Molecular Mediators

    PubMed Central

    Kierulf-Lassen, Casper; Kristensen, Marie Louise Vindvad; Birn, Henrik; Jespersen, Bente; Nørregaard, Rikke

    2015-01-01

    Ischemia-reperfusion injury (IRI) is the major cause of acute kidney injury. Remote ischemic conditioning (rIC) performed as brief intermittent sub-lethal ischemia and reperfusion episodes in a distant organ may protect the kidney against IRI. Here we investigated the renal effects of rIC applied either prior to (remote ischemic preconditioning; rIPC) or during (remote ischemic perconditioning; rIPerC) sustained ischemic kidney injury in rats. The effects were evaluated as differences in creatinine clearance (CrCl) rate, tissue tubular damage marker expression, and potential kidney recovery mediators. One week after undergoing right-sided nephrectomy, rats were randomly divided into four groups: sham (n = 7), ischemia and reperfusion (IR; n = 10), IR+rIPC (n = 10), and IR+rIPerC (n = 10). The rIC was performed as four repeated episodes of 5-minute clamping of the infrarenal aorta followed by 5-minute release either before or during 37 minutes of left renal artery clamping representing the IRI. Urine and blood were sampled prior to ischemia as well as 3 and 7 days after reperfusion. The kidney was harvested for mRNA and protein isolation. Seven days after IRI, the CrCl change from baseline values was similar in the IR (δ: 0.74 mL/min/kg [-0.45 to 1.94]), IR+rIPC (δ: 0.21 mL/min/kg [-0.75 to 1.17], p > 0.9999), and IR+rIPerC (δ: 0.41 mL/min/kg [-0.43 to 1.25], p > 0.9999) groups. Kidney function recovery was associated with a significant up-regulation of phosphorylated protein kinase B (pAkt), extracellular regulated kinase 1/2 (pERK1/2), and heat shock proteins (HSPs) pHSP27, HSP32, and HSP70, but rIC was not associated with any significant differences in tubular damage, inflammatory, or fibrosis marker expression. In our study, rIC did not protect the kidney against IRI. However, on days 3–7 after IRI, all groups recovered renal function. This was associated with pAkt and pERK1/2 up-regulation and increased HSP expression at day 7. PMID:26720280

  16. No Effect of Remote Ischemic Conditioning Strategies on Recovery from Renal Ischemia-Reperfusion Injury and Protective Molecular Mediators.

    PubMed

    Kierulf-Lassen, Casper; Kristensen, Marie Louise Vindvad; Birn, Henrik; Jespersen, Bente; Nørregaard, Rikke

    2015-01-01

    Ischemia-reperfusion injury (IRI) is the major cause of acute kidney injury. Remote ischemic conditioning (rIC) performed as brief intermittent sub-lethal ischemia and reperfusion episodes in a distant organ may protect the kidney against IRI. Here we investigated the renal effects of rIC applied either prior to (remote ischemic preconditioning; rIPC) or during (remote ischemic perconditioning; rIPerC) sustained ischemic kidney injury in rats. The effects were evaluated as differences in creatinine clearance (CrCl) rate, tissue tubular damage marker expression, and potential kidney recovery mediators. One week after undergoing right-sided nephrectomy, rats were randomly divided into four groups: sham (n = 7), ischemia and reperfusion (IR; n = 10), IR+rIPC (n = 10), and IR+rIPerC (n = 10). The rIC was performed as four repeated episodes of 5-minute clamping of the infrarenal aorta followed by 5-minute release either before or during 37 minutes of left renal artery clamping representing the IRI. Urine and blood were sampled prior to ischemia as well as 3 and 7 days after reperfusion. The kidney was harvested for mRNA and protein isolation. Seven days after IRI, the CrCl change from baseline values was similar in the IR (δ: 0.74 mL/min/kg [-0.45 to 1.94]), IR+rIPC (δ: 0.21 mL/min/kg [-0.75 to 1.17], p > 0.9999), and IR+rIPerC (δ: 0.41 mL/min/kg [-0.43 to 1.25], p > 0.9999) groups. Kidney function recovery was associated with a significant up-regulation of phosphorylated protein kinase B (pAkt), extracellular regulated kinase 1/2 (pERK1/2), and heat shock proteins (HSPs) pHSP27, HSP32, and HSP70, but rIC was not associated with any significant differences in tubular damage, inflammatory, or fibrosis marker expression. In our study, rIC did not protect the kidney against IRI. However, on days 3-7 after IRI, all groups recovered renal function. This was associated with pAkt and pERK1/2 up-regulation and increased HSP expression at day 7. PMID:26720280

  17. Organisational aspects of spatial information infrastructure in Poland

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bielecka, Elzbieta; Zwirowicz-Rutkowska, Agnieszka

    2013-06-01

    One of the more important elements of spatial information infrastructure is the organisational structure defining the obligations and dependencies between stakeholders that are responsible for the infrastructure. Many SDI practitioners and theoreticians emphasise that its influence on the success or failure of activities undertaken is significantly greater than that of technical aspects. Being aware of the role of the organisational structure in the creating, operating and maintenance of spatial information infrastructure (SII), Polish legislators placed appropriate regulations in the Spatial Information Infrastructure Act, being the transposition of the INSPIRE Directive into Polish Law. The principal spatial information infrastructure stakeholders are discussed in the article and also the scope of cooperation between them. The tasks and relationships between stakeholders are illustrated in UML, in both the use case and the class diagram. Mentioned also are the main problems and obstructions resulting from imprecise legal regulations. Jednym z istotniejszych komponentów infrastruktury informacji przestrzennej (IIP) jest struktura organizacyjna określająca m.in. zależności pomiędzy organizacjami tworzącymi infrastrukturę. Wielu praktyków i teoretyków SDI podkreśla, że wpływ aspektów organizacyjnych na sukces lub porażkę SDI jest dużo większy niż elementów technicznych. Mając świadomość znaczącej roli struktury organizacyjnej w tworzeniu, funkcjonowaniu i zarządzaniu infrastrukturą przestrzenną w Polsce, legislatorzy umieścili odpowiednie zapisy w ustawie z dnia 4 marca 2010 r. o infrastrukturze informacji przestrzennej, będącej transpozycją dyrektywy INSPIRE do prawa polskiego. W artykule omówiono strukturę organizacyjną IIP w Polsce, podając (m.in. w postaci diagramów UML) obowiązki poszczególnych organów administracji zaangażowanych w jej budowę i rozwój, a także omówiono zależności i zakres współpracy pomi

  18. Influence of The Metamorphism Grade and Porosity of Hard Coal on Sorption and Desorption of Propane / Wpływ Stopnia Metamorfizmu I Porowatości Węgli Kamiennych Na Sorpcję I Desorpcję Propanu

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Dudzińska, Agnieszka; Żyła, Mieczysław; Cygankiewicz, Janusz

    2013-09-01

    ęgla, jego stopnia metamorfizmu, zawartości pierwiastka tlenu, wilgoci i porowatości tych węgli. Największe ilości propanu sorbują węgle niskouwęglone, wysokoporowate o dużej zawartości tlenu i wilgoci. Sorpcja stosunkowo dużych ilości propanu tych węgli (ok. 10 cm3/g) jest wynikiem oddziaływania polarnej powierzchni węgli z cząsteczkami propanu oraz dobrej dostępności wewnętrznej mikroporowatej struktury tych węgli dla cząsteczek badanego sorbatu. Węgle średnio i wysokouwęglone sorbują niewielkie ilości propanu. Węgle te mają zwartą budowę oraz niepolarny charakter powierzchni, ich wewnętrzna struktura porowata jest w niewielkim stopniu dostępna dla cząsteczek propanu w warunkach przeprowadzanych badań. Sorpcja propanu w tym przypadku zachodzi głównie w powierzchniowych porach i na powierzchni węgli. Przeprowadzono również pomiary izoterm desorpcji propanu wykazując nieodwracalny charakter sorpcji. Izotermy desorpcji nie zbiegają się z izotermami sorpcji tworząc otwartą pętlę histerezy. Pozostające w węglu ilości nie desorbującego się propanu są zależne od rodzaju badanego węgla.