Steinvall, Ingrid; Elmasry, Moustafa; Fredrikson, Mats; Sjoberg, Folke
2016-02-01
Standardised Mortality Ratio (SMR) based on generic mortality predicting models is an established quality indicator in critical care. Burn-specific mortality models are preferred for the comparison among patients with burns as their predictive value is better. The aim was to assess whether the sum of age (years) and percentage total body surface area burned (which constitutes the Baux score) is acceptable in comparison to other more complex models, and to find out if data collected from a separate burn centre are sufficient for SMR based quality assessment. The predictive value of nine burn-specific models was tested by comparing values from the area under the receiver-operating characteristic curve (AUC) and a non-inferiority analysis using 1% as the limit (delta). SMR was analysed by comparing data from seven reference sources, including the North American National Burn Repository (NBR), with the observed mortality (years 1993-2012, n=1613, 80 deaths). The AUC values ranged between 0.934 and 0.976. The AUC 0.970 (95% CI 0.96-0.98) for the Baux score was non-inferior to the other models. SMR was 0.52 (95% CI 0.28-0.88) for the most recent five-year period compared with NBR based data. The analysis suggests that SMR based on the Baux score is eligible as an indicator of quality for setting standards of mortality in burn care. More advanced modelling only marginally improves the predictive value. The SMR can detect mortality differences in data from a single centre. PMID:26700877
Miller, Jr., William H.
1976-01-01
A remotely operable sampler is provided for obtaining variable percentage samples of nuclear fuel particles and the like for analyses. The sampler has a rotating cup for a sample collection chamber designed so that the effective size of the sample inlet opening to the cup varies with rotational speed. Samples of a desired size are withdrawn from a flowing stream of particles without a deterrent to the flow of remaining particles.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Pong, Wai Yan
2007-01-01
We begin by answering the question, "Which natural numbers are sums of consecutive integers?" We then go on to explore the set of lengths (numbers of summands) in the decompositions of an integer as such sums.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Shi, Yixun
2010-01-01
Starting with an interesting number game sometimes used by school teachers to demonstrate the factorization of integers, "sum-difference numbers" are defined. A positive integer n is a "sum-difference number" if there exist positive integers "x, y, w, z" such that n = xy = wz and x ? y = w + z. This paper characterizes all sum-difference numbers…
Supporting Students' Understanding of Percentage
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Rianasari, Veronika Fitri; Budayasa, I Ketut; Patahuddin, Sitti Maesuri
2012-01-01
Many researches revealed that pupils often find difficulties to understand percentage although they are able to recite percent as per hundred and carry out the computations correctly. This might happen due to the way in which the learning percentage has been taught that tends to focus on procedures and recall instead of getting a real…
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Monien, H.
2010-04-01
Gaussian quadrature is a well-known technique for numerical integration. Recently Gaussian quadrature with respect to discrete measures corresponding to finite sums has found some new interest. In this paper we apply these ideas to infinite sums in general and give an explicit construction for the weights and abscissae of Gaussian formulas. The abscissae of the Gaussian summation have a very interesting asymptotic distribution function with a kink singularity. We apply the Gaussian summation technique to two problems which have been discussed in the literature. We find that the Gaussian summation has a very rapid convergence rate for the Hardy-Littlewood sum for a large range of parameters.
Summing pressure compensation control
Myers, H.A.
1988-04-26
This patent describes a summing pressure compensator control for hydraulic loads with at least one of the hydraulic loads being a variable displacement motor having servo means for controlling the displacement thereof, first hydraulic means responsive to the supply of fluid to the variable displacement motor to provide a first pressure signal, second hydraulic means responsive to the supply of fluid to a second hydraulic load to provide a second pressure signal, summing means for receiving the first and second pressure signals and providing a control signal proportional to the sum of the first and second pressure signals, the control signal being applied to the servo means to increase the displacement of the variable displacement motor.
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Spinrath, Martin
2016-06-01
There is a wide class of models which give a dynamical description of the origin of flavor in terms of spontaneous symmetry breaking of an underlying symmetry. Many of these models exhibit sum rules which relate on the one hand mixing angles and the Dirac CP phase with each other and/or on the other hand neutrino masses and Majorana phases with each other. We will briefly sketch how this happens and discuss briefly the impact of renormalization group corrections to the mass sum rules.
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
Robertson, G.
1982-01-01
Calibration was performed on the shuttle upper atmosphere mass spectrometer (SUMS). The results of the calibration and the as run test procedures are presented. The output data is described, and engineering data conversion factors, tables and curves, and calibration on instrument gauges are included. Static calibration results which include: instrument sensitive versus external pressure for N2 and O2, data from each scan of calibration, data plots from N2 and O2, and sensitivity of SUMS at inlet for N2 and O2, and ratios of 14/28 for nitrogen and 16/32 for oxygen are given.
National Youth Gang Survey, 1997. OJJDP Summary.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Institute for Intergovernmental Research, Tallahassee, FL. National Youth Gang Center.
The largest and most comprehensive national gang survey to date, the 1997 National Youth Gang Survey, contacted nearly 5,000 law enforcement agencies across the country. To allow for both comparative and trend analysis, the 1997 survey used the same sample as the 1996 survey. Survey results indicate that the percentage of jurisdictions reporting…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Hockey, Amy, Ed.; Mangigian, Lisa, Ed.; Crombez, Mary Margaret, Ed.
1997-01-01
The two issues of this magazine for parents, teachers, and others involved in cooperative nursery schools are designed to provide a forum for views on dealing with young children, express a variety of ideas, promote to cooperative philosophy, and to enhance the relationships of those involved in cooperative nursery schools. The Spring 1997 issue…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Bortolussi, Vicki, Ed.
1997-01-01
The CAG "Communicator" focus is on serving gifted students in California. This document consists of the four issues of "communicator" issued during 1997. Featured articles include: (1) "The Gifted Student At Risk. It Can't Be True" (Judy Roseberry); (2) "Tech Net-Technology and At-Risk Students" (Judy Lieb); (3) "Reviving Ophelia: Saving the…
26 CFR 1.1502-44 - Percentage depletion for independent producers and royalty owners.
Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR
2011-04-01
... sum of the percentage depletion deductions for the taxable year for all oil or gas property owned by... an oil or gas property (other than a gas property with respect to which the depletion allowance for... the maximum allowable percentage depletion deduction among oil and gas properties. Thus, if, after...
26 CFR 1.1502-44 - Percentage depletion for independent producers and royalty owners.
Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR
2013-04-01
... sum of the percentage depletion deductions for the taxable year for all oil or gas property owned by... an oil or gas property (other than a gas property with respect to which the depletion allowance for... the maximum allowable percentage depletion deduction among oil and gas properties. Thus, if, after...
26 CFR 1.1502-44 - Percentage depletion for independent producers and royalty owners.
Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR
2014-04-01
... sum of the percentage depletion deductions for the taxable year for all oil or gas property owned by... an oil or gas property (other than a gas property with respect to which the depletion allowance for... the maximum allowable percentage depletion deduction among oil and gas properties. Thus, if, after...
26 CFR 1.1502-44 - Percentage depletion for independent producers and royalty owners.
Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR
2012-04-01
... sum of the percentage depletion deductions for the taxable year for all oil or gas property owned by... an oil or gas property (other than a gas property with respect to which the depletion allowance for... the maximum allowable percentage depletion deduction among oil and gas properties. Thus, if, after...
Counting Triangles to Sum Squares
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
DeMaio, Joe
2012-01-01
Counting complete subgraphs of three vertices in complete graphs, yields combinatorial arguments for identities for sums of squares of integers, odd integers, even integers and sums of the triangular numbers.
Darmann, Andreas; Nicosia, Gaia; Pferschy, Ulrich; Schauer, Joachim
2014-01-01
In this work we address a game theoretic variant of the Subset Sum problem, in which two decision makers (agents/players) compete for the usage of a common resource represented by a knapsack capacity. Each agent owns a set of integer weighted items and wants to maximize the total weight of its own items included in the knapsack. The solution is built as follows: Each agent, in turn, selects one of its items (not previously selected) and includes it in the knapsack if there is enough capacity. The process ends when the remaining capacity is too small for including any item left. We look at the problem from a single agent point of view and show that finding an optimal sequence of items to select is an NP-hard problem. Therefore we propose two natural heuristic strategies and analyze their worst-case performance when (1) the opponent is able to play optimally and (2) the opponent adopts a greedy strategy. From a centralized perspective we observe that some known results on the approximation of the classical Subset Sum can be effectively adapted to the multi-agent version of the problem. PMID:25844012
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
DeTemple, Duane
2010-01-01
Purely combinatorial proofs are given for the sum of squares formula, 1[superscript 2] + 2[superscript 2] + ... + n[superscript 2] = n(n + 1) (2n + 1) / 6, and the sum of sums of squares formula, 1[superscript 2] + (1[superscript 2] + 2[superscript 2]) + ... + (1[superscript 2] + 2[superscript 2] + ... + n[superscript 2]) = n(n + 1)[superscript 2]…
On exponential sums of digital sums related to Gelfond's theorem
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Okada, Tatsuya; Kobayashi, Zenji; Sekiguchi, Takeshi; Shiota, Yasunobu
2008-01-01
In this paper, we first give explicit formulas of exponential sums of sum of digits related to Gelfond's theorem. As an application of these formulas, we obtain a simple expression of Newman-Coquet type summation formula related to the number of binary digits in a multiple of a prime number.
Percentage of Surgical Patients Receiving Recommended Care
... Recommended Care Percentage of Surgical Patients Receiving Recommended Care This is a composite measure based on individual ... Age Group Percentage of Surgical Patients Receiving Recommended Care by Age Group uzrc-9bvr Download these data » ...
Percentage Energy from Fat Screener: Overview
A short assessment instrument to estimate an individual's usual intake of percentage energy from fat. The foods asked about on the instrument were selected because they were the most important predictors of variability in percentage energy.
13 CFR 115.31 - Guarantee percentage.
Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR
2010-01-01
... bond, the guarantee percentage decreases by one percentage point for each $5,000 of increase or part...'s share of the Loss is limited to that percentage of the increased Contract or Order amount that the... a Contract amount increases to $2,100,000, SBA's share of the Loss under an 80% guarantee is...
Solving Problems with the Percentage Bar
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
van Galen, Frans; van Eerde, Dolly
2013-01-01
At the end of primary school all children more of less know what a percentage is, but yet they often struggle with percentage problems. This article describes a study in which students of 13 and 14 years old were given a written test with percentage problems and a week later were interviewed about the way they solved some of these problems. In a…
Making Sense of Fractions and Percentages
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Whitin, David J.; Whitin, Phyllis
2012-01-01
Because fractions and percentages can be difficult for children to grasp, connecting them whenever possible is beneficial. Linking them can foster representational fluency as children simultaneously see the part-whole relationship expressed numerically (as a fraction and as a percentage) and visually (as a pie chart). NCTM advocates these…
Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR
2013-01-01
... FOR CERTAIN AGRICULTURAL COMMODITIES United States Standards for Milled Rice Principles Governing... in U.S. Nos. 1 and 2 Milled Rice and the percentage of objectionable seeds in U.S. No. 1 Brewers Milled Rice is reported to the nearest hundredth percent. The percentages of all other factors...
Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR
2014-01-01
... FOR CERTAIN AGRICULTURAL COMMODITIES United States Standards for Milled Rice Principles Governing... in U.S. Nos. 1 and 2 Milled Rice and the percentage of objectionable seeds in U.S. No. 1 Brewers Milled Rice is reported to the nearest hundredth percent. The percentages of all other factors...
Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR
2012-01-01
... FOR CERTAIN AGRICULTURAL COMMODITIES United States Standards for Milled Rice Principles Governing... in U.S. Nos. 1 and 2 Milled Rice and the percentage of objectionable seeds in U.S. No. 1 Brewers Milled Rice is reported to the nearest hundredth percent. The percentages of all other factors...
Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR
2011-01-01
... FOR CERTAIN AGRICULTURAL COMMODITIES United States Standards for Milled Rice Principles Governing... in U.S. Nos. 1 and 2 Milled Rice and the percentage of objectionable seeds in U.S. No. 1 Brewers Milled Rice is reported to the nearest hundredth percent. The percentages of all other factors...
Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR
2010-01-01
... FOR CERTAIN AGRICULTURAL COMMODITIES United States Standards for Milled Rice Principles Governing... in U.S. Nos. 1 and 2 Milled Rice and the percentage of objectionable seeds in U.S. No. 1 Brewers Milled Rice is reported to the nearest hundredth percent. The percentages of all other factors...
14 CFR 1300.14 - Guarantee percentage.
Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR
2010-01-01
... 14 Aeronautics and Space 5 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Guarantee percentage. 1300.14 Section 1300.14 Aeronautics and Space AIR TRANSPORTATION SYSTEM STABILIZATION OFFICE OF MANAGEMENT AND BUDGET... § 1300.14 Guarantee percentage. A guarantee issued by the Board must be less than 100 percent of...
14 CFR 1300.14 - Guarantee percentage.
Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR
2012-01-01
... 14 Aeronautics and Space 5 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Guarantee percentage. 1300.14 Section 1300.14 Aeronautics and Space AIR TRANSPORTATION SYSTEM STABILIZATION OFFICE OF MANAGEMENT AND BUDGET... § 1300.14 Guarantee percentage. A guarantee issued by the Board must be less than 100 percent of...
14 CFR 1300.14 - Guarantee percentage.
Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR
2011-01-01
... 14 Aeronautics and Space 5 2011-01-01 2010-01-01 true Guarantee percentage. 1300.14 Section 1300.14 Aeronautics and Space AIR TRANSPORTATION SYSTEM STABILIZATION OFFICE OF MANAGEMENT AND BUDGET... § 1300.14 Guarantee percentage. A guarantee issued by the Board must be less than 100 percent of...
14 CFR 1300.14 - Guarantee percentage.
Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR
2013-01-01
... 14 Aeronautics and Space 5 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Guarantee percentage. 1300.14 Section 1300.14 Aeronautics and Space AIR TRANSPORTATION SYSTEM STABILIZATION OFFICE OF MANAGEMENT AND BUDGET... § 1300.14 Guarantee percentage. A guarantee issued by the Board must be less than 100 percent of...
Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR
2010-01-01
... percent being disregarded. Dockage in barley and triticale is reported in whole and half percent with a.... Foreign material and fines in mixed grain is reported in whole percent. The percentage of smut in barley... corn; waxy corn; classes in barley; and the percentage of each kind of grain in mixed grain....
Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR
2014-01-01
... percent being disregarded. Dockage in barley and triticale is reported in whole and half percent with a.... Foreign material and fines in mixed grain is reported in whole percent. The percentage of smut in barley... corn; waxy corn; classes in barley; and the percentage of each kind of grain in mixed grain....
Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR
2011-01-01
... percent being disregarded. Dockage in barley and triticale is reported in whole and half percent with a.... Foreign material and fines in mixed grain is reported in whole percent. The percentage of smut in barley... corn; waxy corn; classes in barley; and the percentage of each kind of grain in mixed grain....
Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR
2013-01-01
... percent being disregarded. Dockage in barley and triticale is reported in whole and half percent with a.... Foreign material and fines in mixed grain is reported in whole percent. The percentage of smut in barley... corn; waxy corn; classes in barley; and the percentage of each kind of grain in mixed grain....
Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR
2012-01-01
... percent being disregarded. Dockage in barley and triticale is reported in whole and half percent with a.... Foreign material and fines in mixed grain is reported in whole percent. The percentage of smut in barley... corn; waxy corn; classes in barley; and the percentage of each kind of grain in mixed grain....
38 CFR 1.703 - Percentage estimate.
Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR
2010-07-01
... 38 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Percentage estimate. 1.703 Section 1.703 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS GENERAL PROVISIONS Use of Official Mail in the Location and Recovery of Missing Children § 1.703 Percentage...
Percentage of Adults with a Healthy Weight
... small sample sizes for NHANES data, 95% confidence intervals are provided, which are important for interpreting the ... Percentage of Adults with a Healthy Weight by Education Level euvy-mq8a Download these data » Click on ...
A Bargain Price for Teaching about Percentage
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Lo, Jane-Jane; Ko, Yi-Yin
2013-01-01
Middle school is a crucial transition period for students as they move from concrete to algebraic ways of thinking. This article describes a sequence of instruction geared toward helping prospective middle school instructors teach the topic of percentages.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Fay, Temple H.
1997-01-01
Presents an exercise suitable for beginning calculus students that may give insight into series representations and allow students to see some elementary application of these representations. The Fourier series is used to approximate by taking sums of trigonometric functions of the form sin(ns) and cos(nx) for n is greater than or = zero. (PVD)
Direct Sum Decomposition of Groups
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Thaheem, A. B.
2005-01-01
Direct sum decomposition of Abelian groups appears in almost all textbooks on algebra for undergraduate students. This concept plays an important role in group theory. One simple example of this decomposition is obtained by using the kernel and range of a projection map on an Abelian group. The aim in this pedagogical note is to establish a direct…
Robust adiabatic sum frequency conversion.
Suchowski, Haim; Prabhudesai, Vaibhav; Oron, Dan; Arie, Ady; Silberberg, Yaron
2009-07-20
We discuss theoretically and demonstrate experimentally the robustness of the adiabatic sum frequency conversion method. This technique, borrowed from an analogous scheme of robust population transfer in atomic physics and nuclear magnetic resonance, enables the achievement of nearly full frequency conversion in a sum frequency generation process for a bandwidth up to two orders of magnitude wider than in conventional conversion schemes. We show that this scheme is robust to variations in the parameters of both the nonlinear crystal and of the incoming light. These include the crystal temperature, the frequency of the incoming field, the pump intensity, the crystal length and the angle of incidence. Also, we show that this extremely broad bandwidth can be tuned to higher or lower central wavelengths by changing either the pump frequency or the crystal temperature. The detailed study of the properties of this converter is done using the Landau-Zener theory dealing with the adiabatic transitions in two level systems. PMID:19654679
Summing Planar Bosonic Open Strings
Bardakci, Korkut
2006-02-16
In earlier work, planar graphs of massless {phi}{sup 3} theory were summed with the help of the light cone world sheet picture and the mean field approximation. In the present article, the same methods are applied to the problem of summing planar bosonic open strings. They find that in the ground state of the system, string boundaries form a condensate on the world sheet, and a new string emerges from this summation. Its slope is always greater than the initial slope, and it remains non-zero even when the initial slope is set equal to zero. If they assume the initial string tends to a field a theory in the zero slope limit, this result provides evidence for string formation in field theory.
Scoring Guides and National Percentages of Response.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Education Commission of the States, Denver, CO. National Assessment of Educational Progress.
This book of scoring guides and national percentages is part of a kit consisting of four documents which bring together different types of items that measure a number of career and occupational development (COD) objectives developed by the National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP). (NAEP--which completed a national survey measuring the…
13 CFR 400.203 - Guarantee percentage.
Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR
2011-01-01
... Section 400.203 Business Credit and Assistance EMERGENCY STEEL GUARANTEE LOAN BOARD EMERGENCY STEEL GUARANTEE LOAN PROGRAM Steel Guarantee Loans § 400.203 Guarantee percentage. A guarantee issued by the Board may not exceed 85 percent of the amount of the principal of a loan to a Qualified Steel...
13 CFR 400.203 - Guarantee percentage.
Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR
2012-01-01
... Section 400.203 Business Credit and Assistance EMERGENCY STEEL GUARANTEE LOAN BOARD EMERGENCY STEEL GUARANTEE LOAN PROGRAM Steel Guarantee Loans § 400.203 Guarantee percentage. A guarantee issued by the Board may not exceed 85 percent of the amount of the principal of a loan to a Qualified Steel...
13 CFR 400.203 - Guarantee percentage.
Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR
2013-01-01
... Section 400.203 Business Credit and Assistance EMERGENCY STEEL GUARANTEE LOAN BOARD EMERGENCY STEEL GUARANTEE LOAN PROGRAM Steel Guarantee Loans § 400.203 Guarantee percentage. A guarantee issued by the Board may not exceed 85 percent of the amount of the principal of a loan to a Qualified Steel...
13 CFR 400.203 - Guarantee percentage.
Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR
2014-01-01
... Section 400.203 Business Credit and Assistance EMERGENCY STEEL GUARANTEE LOAN BOARD EMERGENCY STEEL GUARANTEE LOAN PROGRAM Steel Guarantee Loans § 400.203 Guarantee percentage. A guarantee issued by the Board may not exceed 85 percent of the amount of the principal of a loan to a Qualified Steel...
13 CFR 400.203 - Guarantee percentage.
Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR
2010-01-01
... Section 400.203 Business Credit and Assistance EMERGENCY STEEL GUARANTEE LOAN BOARD EMERGENCY STEEL GUARANTEE LOAN PROGRAM Steel Guarantee Loans § 400.203 Guarantee percentage. A guarantee issued by the Board may not exceed 85 percent of the amount of the principal of a loan to a Qualified Steel...
7 CFR 201.60 - Purity percentages.
Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR
2014-01-01
... 7 Agriculture 3 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Purity percentages. 201.60 Section 201.60 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Standards, Inspections, Marketing Practices), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE (CONTINUED) FEDERAL SEED ACT FEDERAL SEED ACT REGULATIONS Tolerances § 201.60...
13 CFR 115.68 - Guarantee percentage.
Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR
2010-01-01
... Section 115.68 Business Credit and Assistance SMALL BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION SURETY BOND GUARANTEE Preferred Surety Bond (PSB) Guarantees § 115.68 Guarantee percentage. SBA reimburses a PSB Surety in an amount not to exceed 70% of the Loss incurred and paid. Where the total Contract or Order...
13 CFR 115.68 - Guarantee percentage.
Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR
2011-01-01
... Section 115.68 Business Credit and Assistance SMALL BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION SURETY BOND GUARANTEE Preferred Surety Bond (PSB) Guarantees § 115.68 Guarantee percentage. SBA reimburses a PSB Surety in an amount not to exceed 70% of the Loss incurred and paid. Where the total Contract or Order...
13 CFR 115.68 - Guarantee percentage.
Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR
2012-01-01
... Section 115.68 Business Credit and Assistance SMALL BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION SURETY BOND GUARANTEE Preferred Surety Bond (PSB) Guarantees § 115.68 Guarantee percentage. SBA reimburses a PSB Surety in an amount not to exceed 70% of the Loss incurred and paid. Where the total Contract or Order...
13 CFR 115.68 - Guarantee percentage.
Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR
2014-01-01
... Section 115.68 Business Credit and Assistance SMALL BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION SURETY BOND GUARANTEE Preferred Surety Bond (PSB) Guarantees § 115.68 Guarantee percentage. SBA reimburses a PSB Surety in an amount not to exceed 70% of the Loss incurred and paid. Where the total Contract or Order...
13 CFR 115.68 - Guarantee percentage.
Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR
2013-01-01
... Section 115.68 Business Credit and Assistance SMALL BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION SURETY BOND GUARANTEE Preferred Surety Bond (PSB) Guarantees § 115.68 Guarantee percentage. SBA reimburses a PSB Surety in an amount not to exceed 70% of the Loss incurred and paid. Where the total Contract or Order...
Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR
2014-01-01
..., e.g., report 8.34 as 8.3 and 1.22 and 1.2. (b) Recording. All percentages, except for milling yield, are stated in whole and tenth percent to the nearest whole percent. Milling yield is stated to...
Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR
2011-01-01
..., e.g., report 8.34 as 8.3 and 1.22 and 1.2. (b) Recording. All percentages, except for milling yield, are stated in whole and tenth percent to the nearest whole percent. Milling yield is stated to...
Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR
2014-01-01
...., report 8.34 as 8.3 and 1.22 as 1.2. (b) Recording. All percentages, except for milling yield, are stated in whole and tenth percent to the nearest tenth percent. Milling yield is stated to the nearest...
Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR
2012-01-01
...., report 8.34 as 8.3 and 1.22 as 1.2. (b) Recording. All percentages, except for milling yield, are stated in whole and tenth percent to the nearest tenth percent. Milling yield is stated to the nearest...
Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR
2013-01-01
...., report 8.34 as 8.3 and 1.22 as 1.2. (b) Recording. All percentages, except for milling yield, are stated in whole and tenth percent to the nearest tenth percent. Milling yield is stated to the nearest...
Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR
2010-01-01
..., e.g., report 8.34 as 8.3 and 1.22 and 1.2. (b) Recording. All percentages, except for milling yield, are stated in whole and tenth percent to the nearest whole percent. Milling yield is stated to...
Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR
2011-01-01
...., report 8.34 as 8.3 and 1.22 as 1.2. (b) Recording. All percentages, except for milling yield, are stated in whole and tenth percent to the nearest tenth percent. Milling yield is stated to the nearest...
Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR
2012-01-01
..., e.g., report 8.34 as 8.3 and 1.22 and 1.2. (b) Recording. All percentages, except for milling yield, are stated in whole and tenth percent to the nearest whole percent. Milling yield is stated to...
Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR
2013-01-01
..., e.g., report 8.34 as 8.3 and 1.22 and 1.2. (b) Recording. All percentages, except for milling yield, are stated in whole and tenth percent to the nearest whole percent. Milling yield is stated to...
Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR
2010-01-01
...., report 8.34 as 8.3 and 1.22 as 1.2. (b) Recording. All percentages, except for milling yield, are stated in whole and tenth percent to the nearest tenth percent. Milling yield is stated to the nearest...
Machining of low percentage beryllium copper alloys
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
Habermeyer, J. G.
1969-01-01
Airborne beryllium sampling during machining of low percentage beryllium-copper alloys shows that normal dry machining creates 45.2 microgram/cu m of airborne beryllium in the casting operators breathing zone and 2.3 microgram/cu m in an adjacent machine working area. A small vacuum system placed over the tool effectively removes airborne beryllium in the breathing zone sample to 0.2 microgram/cu m.
7 CFR 201.60 - Purity percentages.
Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR
2011-01-01
....00 0.00-0.04 0.13 0.16 99.90-99.94 .05-.09 .20 .23 99.85-99.89 .10-.14 .24 .29 99.80-99.84 .15-.19... 7 Agriculture 3 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Purity percentages. 201.60 Section 201.60 Agriculture... .57 99.30-99.39 .60-.69 .51 .60 99.20-99.29 .70-.79 .54 .64 99.10-99.19 .80-.89 .57 .66...
7 CFR 201.60 - Purity percentages.
Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR
2012-01-01
....00 0.00-0.04 0.13 0.16 99.90-99.94 .05-.09 .20 .23 99.85-99.89 .10-.14 .24 .29 99.80-99.84 .15-.19... 7 Agriculture 3 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Purity percentages. 201.60 Section 201.60 Agriculture... .57 99.30-99.39 .60-.69 .51 .60 99.20-99.29 .70-.79 .54 .64 99.10-99.19 .80-.89 .57 .66...
Your Results, Explained: Clarity Provided by Row Percentages Versus Column Percentages.
Althouse, Andrew D; Raffa, Giuseppe M; Kormos, Robert L
2016-01-01
The overwhelming majority of clinical research papers begin their Results section with a series of tables summarizing the distribution of significant demographics, clinical characteristics, and potential outcome variables within their study cohort. However, the presentation of these tables often leaves the reader confused or wanting different information than what is presented. One particularly vexing decision in the presentation of categoric variables is choosing to present the "row percentage" in preference to the "column percentage." This report provides a guide for clinical scientists, some of whom may not have access to statistical support, to summarize their descriptive results in the manner that provides the most clarity for the reader. PMID:26694261
Fundamentals of Sum-Frequency Spectroscopy
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Shen, Y. R.
2016-02-01
1. Historical perspective; 2. Basics of nonlinear optics; 3. Basic theory for surface sum-frequency generation; 4. Experimental considerations; 5. Characterization of bulk materials; 6. Molecular adsorbates at interfaces; 7. Structures and properties of solid surfaces; 8. Interfacial liquid structures; 9. Interfaces of polymers and organic materials; 10. Biomolecules and biological interfaces; 11. Sum-frequency chiral spectroscopy; 12. Miscellaneous topics.
Where Does Latin "Sum" Come From?
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Nyman, Martti A.
1977-01-01
The derivation of Latin "sum,""es(s),""est" from Indo-European "esmi,""est,""esti" involves methodological problems. It is claimed here that the development of "sum" from "esmi" is related to the origin of the variation "est-st" (less than"esti"). The study is primarily concerned with this process, but chronological suggestions are also made. (CHK)
Item Response Modeling with Sum Scores
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Johnson, Timothy R.
2013-01-01
One of the distinctions between classical test theory and item response theory is that the former focuses on sum scores and their relationship to true scores, whereas the latter concerns item responses and their relationship to latent scores. Although item response theory is often viewed as the richer of the two theories, sum scores are still…
Fouvry, Étienne; Kowalski, Emmanuel; Michel, Philippe
2015-01-01
We give a general version of cancellation in exponential sums that arise as sums of products of trace functions satisfying a suitable independence condition related to the Goursat–Kolchin–Ribet criterion, in a form that is easily applicable in analytic number theory. PMID:25802414
Exact sum rules for inhomogeneous strings
Amore, Paolo
2013-11-15
We derive explicit expressions for the sum rules of the eigenvalues of inhomogeneous strings with arbitrary density and with different boundary conditions. We show that the sum rule of order N may be obtained in terms of a diagrammatic expansion, with (N−1)!/2 independent diagrams. These sum rules are used to derive upper and lower bounds to the energy of the fundamental mode of an inhomogeneous string; we also show that it is possible to improve these approximations taking into account the asymptotic behavior of the spectrum and applying the Shanks transformation to the sequence of approximations obtained to the different orders. We discuss three applications of these results. -- Highlights: •We derive an explicit expression for the sum rules of an inhomogeneous string. •We obtain a diagrammatic representation for the sum rules of a given order. •We obtain precise bounds on the lowest eigenvalue of the string.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
AusEinetter, 1997
1997-01-01
This document comprises the two AusEinetter newsletters published in 1997. The first newletter describes the background and structure of Australia's Early Intervention Network for Mental Health in Young People (AusEinet) and discusses the necessity of early intervention for mental health issues in young people 5-25 years of age. The following…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Durkin, Lisa Lyons, Ed.
1997-01-01
These six theme-oriented newsletter issues present specific curriculum planning ideas and activities for teachers of young children. The theme of the January-February 1997 issue is "The Arts of Winter." Topics in this issue include celebrating with music and movement, learning songs, classroom visitors and the arts, art in picture books, big…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
TASH Newsletter, 1997
1997-01-01
Ten issues of the 1997 newsletter of TASH comprise this document. An issue typically contains news items, a column by the organization's executive director, reports from special interest groups, legislative testimony, conference information, and several major articles, such as the following: "Multicultural Perspectives: Excerpts from Opening…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Clevenger, Sydney Stephenson, Ed.
1997-01-01
These 13 issues of the Children's Defense Fund Report from 1997 discuss concerns related to child advocacy and provide information on problems in children's lives in the United States. Regular features include the editorial column "A Voice for Children," a status report on federal legislation related to children, descriptions of Children's Defense…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Council for Aid to Education, New York, NY.
The Leaders for Change Award was established in 1994 to recognize and honor outstanding, long-term corporate commitment to education reform, from preschool through graduate school. A profile of the co-winners of the 1997 award--Chase Manhattan Bank's "Chase Active Learning Program (CAL)" and United Technologies Corporation's "Connecticut…
Education Policy Analysis 1997.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development, Paris (France). Centre for Educational Research and Innovation.
This volume is the companion to the 1997 collection of international education indicators from the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), "Education at a Glance--OECD Indicators." It aims to deepen the analysis of current policy issues and facilitate interpretation of data using selected indicators of particular relevance to…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Notes on Literacy, 1997
1997-01-01
The 1997 volume of "Notes on Literacy," numbers 1-4, includes the following articles: "Community Based Literacy, Burkina Faso"; "The Acquisition of a Second Writing System"; "Appropriate Methodology and Social Context"; "Literacy Megacourse Offered"; "Fitting in with Local Assumptions about Literacy: Some Ethiopian Experiences"; "Gender in…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Cunningham, Steve; Hiris, Eric
The Cooperative Institutional Research Program (CIRP) sponsors a national annual survey that gathers data on incoming freshman classes at two- and four-year institutions. The data allow the colleges to compare their students with previous classes and with the "average" American freshman. This report presents findings from the 1997 CIRP survey at…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Sharman, Phil, Ed.
1997-01-01
This document consists of the twelve issues of "Child Support Report" newsletter published during 1997. Monthly issues typically explore problems related to child support enforcement, report on federal and state government child support enforcement initiatives, and summarize research related to child support. Editorials and information on events…
Understanding Our Gifted, 1997.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Goodman, Laura, Ed.
1997-01-01
This document consists of the four quarterly issues of the journal "Understanding Our Gifted" published during 1997. Each issue of this journal generally has a single theme in the education of gifted and talented children around which all the articles are focused. The themes of these four issues are, respectively, "Perfectionism,""Gifted…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Notes on Linguistics, 1997
1997-01-01
The four 1997 issues include these articles: "Introduction to Government and Binding Theory," parts 4-7 (Cheryl A. Black), which discuss constraints on movement, semantic roles and case theory, binding theory, and more recent additions to the theory; "A Scholar's Ethic" (William J. Samarin), concerning the behavior of scholars in the international…
Florida Educational Facilities, 1997.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Florida State Dept. of Education, Tallahassee. Office of Educational Facilities.
This document contains information, photographs, and floor plans of many of Florida's new elementary through high school facilities occupied in 1997. Each entry lists the facility's type, building size, student capacity, and general structural information. Also provided is information on the facility's total construction cost; the architects and…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Porter, Rosalie Pedalino, Ed.; Thomsen, Kerri Lynne, Ed.; Kimbrell, William, W., Ed.
1997-01-01
This document comprises the two 1997 issues of the journal. Articles include the following: "The Importance of Learning English: A National Survey of Hispanic Parents" (Michael La Velle); "The Languages of Immigrants" (Charles L. Glenn); "Follow-Up Study on the Bethlehem, PA School District's English Acquisition Program" (Ann Goldberg); "The Cost…
Sums-of-Products and Subproblem Independence
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Stearns, Richard E.; Hunt, Harry B.
Sums-of-products provide a basis for describing certain computational problems, particularly problems related to constraint satisfaction including SAT, MAX SAT, and #SAT. They also can be used to describe many problems arising from graph theory. By modeling a problem as a sum-of-products problem, the concept of “subproblem independence” takes on a clear meaning. Subproblem independence has immediate computational implications since it can be used to create programs with reduced levels of nesting and programs which exploit memoization. The concept of subproblem independence also extends to quantified sums.
12 CFR 1026.22 - Determination of annual percentage rate.
Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR
2012-01-01
... (REGULATION Z) Closed-End Credit § 1026.22 Determination of annual percentage rate. (a) Accuracy of annual.... (1) The Regulation Z Annual Percentage Rate Tables produced by the Bureau may be used to...
12 CFR 1026.22 - Determination of annual percentage rate.
Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR
2014-01-01
... (REGULATION Z) Closed-End Credit § 1026.22 Determination of annual percentage rate. (a) Accuracy of annual.... (1) The Regulation Z Annual Percentage Rate Tables produced by the Bureau may be used to...
12 CFR 1026.22 - Determination of annual percentage rate.
Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR
2013-01-01
... (REGULATION Z) Closed-End Credit § 1026.22 Determination of annual percentage rate. (a) Accuracy of annual.... (1) The Regulation Z Annual Percentage Rate Tables produced by the Bureau may be used to...
Percentage of Adults Who Receive Colorectal Cancer Screening as Appropriate
... Appropriate Percentage of Adults Who Receive Colorectal Cancer Screening as Appropriate Colorectal cancer is the second leading ... Percentage of Adults Who Receive Recommended Colorectal Cancer Screening by Age Group 78pm-ubty Download these data » ...
Percentage of U.S. Adults Who Smoke Cigarettes
... Coverage Percentage of Adults Who Smoke Cigarettes by Medicaid Coverage 6mph-3zwu Download these data » Click on ... Coverage Percentage of Adults Who Smoke Cigarettes by Medicare Coverage 5pgf-ueam Download these data » Click on ...
Population Penetration Rates by City and County Fall Term 1997. Research Report Series.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
McHewitt, Earl R.
The Virginia Community College System (VCCS) conducted a study of city and county population penetration rates, or the percentages of residents served by VCCS colleges. Using total in-state enrollment for fall 1997, the study found that the percentage of Virginia's population served by the VCCS increased to 1.82%, returning the system to the…
1998-12-01
Coal Industry Annual 1997 provides comprehensive information about US coal production, number of mines, prices, productivity, employment, productive capacity, and recoverable reserves. US Coal production for 1997 and previous years is based on the annual survey EIA-7A, Coal Production Report. This report presents data on coal consumption, coal distribution, coal stocks, coal prices, and coal quality for Congress, Federal and State agencies, the coal industry, and the general public. Appendix A contains a compilation of coal statistics for the major coal-producing States. This report includes a national total coal consumption for nonutility power producers that are not in the manufacturing, agriculture, mining, construction, or commercial sectors. 14 figs., 145 tabs.
76 FR 32242 - Federal Employees' Retirement System; Normal Cost Percentages
Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014
2011-06-03
... MANAGEMENT Federal Employees' Retirement System; Normal Cost Percentages AGENCY: Office of Personnel... normal cost percentages for employees covered by the Federal Employees' Retirement System (FERS) Act of 1986. DATES: The revised normal cost percentages are effective at the beginning of the first pay...
75 FR 35098 - Federal Employees' Retirement System; Normal Cost Percentages
Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014
2010-06-21
... MANAGEMENT Federal Employees' Retirement System; Normal Cost Percentages AGENCY: Office of Personnel... normal cost percentages for employees covered by the Federal Employees' Retirement System (FERS) Act of 1986. DATES: The revised normal cost percentages are effective at the beginning of the first pay...
7 CFR 930.15 - Restricted percentage cherries.
Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR
2011-01-01
... 7 Agriculture 8 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Restricted percentage cherries. 930.15 Section 930.15... Agreements and Orders; Fruits, Vegetables, Nuts), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE TART CHERRIES GROWN IN THE STATES... Handling Definitions § 930.15 Restricted percentage cherries. Restricted percentage cherries means...
7 CFR 930.15 - Restricted percentage cherries.
Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR
2010-01-01
... 7 Agriculture 8 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Restricted percentage cherries. 930.15 Section 930.15... Agreements and Orders; Fruits, Vegetables, Nuts), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE TART CHERRIES GROWN IN THE STATES... Handling Definitions § 930.15 Restricted percentage cherries. Restricted percentage cherries means...
7 CFR 930.15 - Restricted percentage cherries.
Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR
2013-01-01
... 7 Agriculture 8 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Restricted percentage cherries. 930.15 Section 930.15... AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; FRUITS, VEGETABLES, NUTS), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE TART CHERRIES GROWN IN THE STATES... Handling Definitions § 930.15 Restricted percentage cherries. Restricted percentage cherries means...
7 CFR 930.15 - Restricted percentage cherries.
Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR
2014-01-01
... 7 Agriculture 8 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Restricted percentage cherries. 930.15 Section 930.15... AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; FRUITS, VEGETABLES, NUTS), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE TART CHERRIES GROWN IN THE STATES... Handling Definitions § 930.15 Restricted percentage cherries. Restricted percentage cherries means...
12 CFR 226.22 - Determination of annual percentage rate.
Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR
2011-01-01
... specified range of balances, the annual percentage rate computed for the median balance may be disclosed for all the balances. However, if the annual percentage rate computed for the median balance understates the annual percentage rate computed for the lowest balance by more than 8 percent of the latter...
26 CFR 1.613-1 - Percentage depletion; general rule.
Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR
2014-04-01
...,” and “minerals,” see paragraph (d) of § 1.611-1. (b) Denial of percentage depletion in case of oil and... 26 Internal Revenue 7 2014-04-01 2013-04-01 true Percentage depletion; general rule. 1.613-1... TAX (CONTINUED) INCOME TAXES (CONTINUED) Natural Resources § 1.613-1 Percentage depletion;...
26 CFR 1.613-1 - Percentage depletion; general rule.
Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR
2012-04-01
...,” and “minerals,” see paragraph (d) of § 1.611-1. (b) Denial of percentage depletion in case of oil and... 26 Internal Revenue 7 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Percentage depletion; general rule. 1.613-1... TAX (CONTINUED) INCOME TAXES (CONTINUED) Natural Resources § 1.613-1 Percentage depletion;...
26 CFR 1.613-1 - Percentage depletion; general rule.
Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR
2013-04-01
...,” and “minerals,” see paragraph (d) of § 1.611-1. (b) Denial of percentage depletion in case of oil and... 26 Internal Revenue 7 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Percentage depletion; general rule. 1.613-1... TAX (CONTINUED) INCOME TAXES (CONTINUED) Natural Resources § 1.613-1 Percentage depletion;...
7 CFR 930.15 - Restricted percentage cherries.
Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR
2012-01-01
... 7 Agriculture 8 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Restricted percentage cherries. 930.15 Section 930.15... Agreements and Orders; Fruits, Vegetables, Nuts), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE TART CHERRIES GROWN IN THE STATES... Handling Definitions § 930.15 Restricted percentage cherries. Restricted percentage cherries means...
17 CFR 260.10b-1 - Calculation of percentages.
Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR
2010-04-01
... 17 Commodity and Securities Exchanges 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Calculation of percentages. 260.10b-1 Section 260.10b-1 Commodity and Securities Exchanges SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION... Calculation of percentages. The percentages of voting securities and other securities specified in section...
7 CFR 982.41 - Free and restricted percentages.
Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR
2014-01-01
... 7 Agriculture 8 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Free and restricted percentages. 982.41 Section 982.41... WASHINGTON Order Regulating Handling Marketing Policy § 982.41 Free and restricted percentages. The free and... computed free and restricted percentages are computed by the Board for the current marketing year,...
7 CFR 982.41 - Free and restricted percentages.
Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR
2012-01-01
... 7 Agriculture 8 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Free and restricted percentages. 982.41 Section 982.41... WASHINGTON Order Regulating Handling Marketing Policy § 982.41 Free and restricted percentages. The free and... computed free and restricted percentages are computed by the Board for the current marketing year,...
7 CFR 930.8 - Free market tonnage percentage cherries.
Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR
2012-01-01
... 7 Agriculture 8 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Free market tonnage percentage cherries. 930.8 Section... Order Regulating Handling Definitions § 930.8 Free market tonnage percentage cherries. Free market tonnage percentage cherries means that proportion of cherries handled in a crop year which are free to...
7 CFR 930.8 - Free market tonnage percentage cherries.
Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR
2011-01-01
... 7 Agriculture 8 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Free market tonnage percentage cherries. 930.8 Section... Order Regulating Handling Definitions § 930.8 Free market tonnage percentage cherries. Free market tonnage percentage cherries means that proportion of cherries handled in a crop year which are free to...
7 CFR 982.41 - Free and restricted percentages.
Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR
2011-01-01
... 7 Agriculture 8 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Free and restricted percentages. 982.41 Section 982.41... WASHINGTON Order Regulating Handling Marketing Policy § 982.41 Free and restricted percentages. The free and... computed free and restricted percentages are computed by the Board for the current marketing year,...
7 CFR 982.41 - Free and restricted percentages.
Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR
2013-01-01
... 7 Agriculture 8 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Free and restricted percentages. 982.41 Section 982.41... WASHINGTON Order Regulating Handling Marketing Policy § 982.41 Free and restricted percentages. The free and... computed free and restricted percentages are computed by the Board for the current marketing year,...
7 CFR 982.41 - Free and restricted percentages.
Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR
2010-01-01
... 7 Agriculture 8 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Free and restricted percentages. 982.41 Section 982.41... WASHINGTON Order Regulating Handling Marketing Policy § 982.41 Free and restricted percentages. The free and... computed free and restricted percentages are computed by the Board for the current marketing year,...
7 CFR 930.8 - Free market tonnage percentage cherries.
Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR
2010-01-01
... 7 Agriculture 8 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Free market tonnage percentage cherries. 930.8 Section... Order Regulating Handling Definitions § 930.8 Free market tonnage percentage cherries. Free market tonnage percentage cherries means that proportion of cherries handled in a crop year which are free to...
7 CFR 930.8 - Free market tonnage percentage cherries.
Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR
2014-01-01
... 7 Agriculture 8 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Free market tonnage percentage cherries. 930.8 Section... Order Regulating Handling Definitions § 930.8 Free market tonnage percentage cherries. Free market tonnage percentage cherries means that proportion of cherries handled in a crop year which are free to...
Energy Science and Technology Software Center (ESTSC)
2015-10-06
This code is a set of global sums to support the paper "Computational Reproducibility for Production Physics Applications" submitted to the Numerical Reproducibility at Exascale (NRE 2015) workshop at the 2015 Supercomputing conference, Nov. 20, 2015
Generalized Thomas-Reiche-Kuhn sum rule
Zhou Binglu; Zhu Jiongming; Yan Zongchao
2006-01-15
The generalized Thomas-Reiche-Kuhn sum rule is established for any Coulombic system with arbitrary masses and charges of its constituent particles. Numerical examples are given for the hydrogen molecular ions.
EIA publications directory 1997
1998-04-01
This edition of the EIA Publications Directory contains 68 titles and abstracts of periodicals and one time reports produced by EIA from January through December 1997. The body of the Directory contains citations and abstracts arranged by broad subject categories; (1) MetaData, (2) Coal, (3) Oil (4) Natural gas, (5) Nuclear, (6) Electricity, (7) Renewable energy and Alternative fuels, (8) Multifuel, (9) End use consumption, (10) Models, and (11) Forecasts.
Support activities to maintain SUMS flight readiness
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
Wright, Willie
1992-01-01
The Shuttle Upper Atmosphere Mass Spectrometer (SUMS), a component experiment of the NASA Orbital Experiments Program (OEX), was flown aboard the shuttle Columbia (OV102) mounted at the forward end of the nose landing gear well with an atmospheric gas inlet system fitted to the lower fuselage (chin panel) surface. The SUMS was designed to provide atmospheric data in flow regimes inaccessible prior to the development of the Space Transportation System (STS). The experiment mission operation began about one hour prior to shuttle de-orbit entry maneuver and continued until reaching 1.6 torr (about 86 km altitude). The SUMS mass spectrometer consists of the spare unit from the Viking mission to Mars. Bendix Aerospace under contract to NASA LaRC incorporated the Viking mass spectrometer, a microprocessor based logic card, a pressurized instrument case, and the University of Texas at Dallas provided a gas inlet system into a configuration suited to interface with the shuttle Columbia. The SUMS experiment underwent static and dynamic calibration as well as vacuum maintenance before and after STS 40 shuttle flight. The SUMS flew a total of 3 times on the space shuttle Columbia. Between flights the SUMS was maintained in flight ready status. The flight data has been analyzed by the NASA LaRC Aerothermodynamics Branch. Flight data spectrum plots and reports are presented in the Appendices to the Final Technical Report for NAS1-17399.
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Bell, Gerald D.; Halpert, Michael S.
1998-05-01
The global climate during 1997 was affected by both extremes of the El Niño-Southern Oscillation (ENSO), with weak Pacific cold episode conditions prevailing during January and February, and one of the strongest Pacific warm episodes (El Niño) in the historical record prevailing during the remainder of the year. This warm episode contributed to major regional rainfall and temperature anomalies over large portions of the Tropics and extratropics, which were generally consistent with those observed during past warm episodes. In many regions, these anomalies were opposite to those observed during 1996 and early 1997 in association with Pacific cold episode conditions.Some of the most dramatic El Niño impacts during 1997 were observed in the Tropics, where anomalous convection was evident across the entire Pacific and throughout most major monsoon regions of the world. Tropical regions most affected by excessive El Niño-related rainfall during the year included 1) the eastern half of the tropical Pacific, where extremely heavy rainfall and strong convective activity covered the region from April through December; 2) equatorial eastern Africa, where excessive rainfall during OctoberDecember led to widespread flooding and massive property damage; 3) Chile, where a highly amplified and extended South Pacific jet stream brought increased storminess and above-normal rainfall during the winter and spring; 4) southeastern South America, where these same storms produced above-normal rainfall during JuneDecember; and 5) Ecuador and northern Peru, which began receiving excessive rainfall totals in November and December as deep tropical convection spread eastward across the extreme eastern Pacific.In contrast, El Niño-related rainfall deficits during 1997 included 1) Indonesia, where significantly below-normal rainfall from June through December resulted in extreme drought and contributed to uncontrolled wildfires; 2) New Guinea, where drought contributed to large-scale food
Effect of Coarse Materials Percentage in the Shear Strength
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Alshameri, B.; Bakar, I.; Madun, A.; Abdeldjouad, L.; Haimi Dahlan, S.
2016-07-01
There are several factors that affecting the shear strength and shear strength parameters (i.e. cohesion and friction angle). In this study, the effect of coarse material percentage was tested. Six different mixtures of soils (clay and sand) with different coarse material percentages (i.e. from 80% to 30% of coarse material percentage) were tested via using direct shear test under different moisture content percentage. The results indicated that the shear strength and friction angle were decreased by the increment of the percentage of coarse materials (sand). However, the cohesion results showed unique behavior. The cohesion (at every moisture content values) increased with the increment of the percentage of coarse materials until specific point then it started to decrease with the increment of the percentage of coarse materials.
1997-11-01
Petroleum Engineer International`s 1997 Casing Tables contain premium casing connection and grade data from more than 25 companies worldwide. The Connections section includes performance characteristics and specifications for premium casing connections along with line illustrations and a brief description of the features and applications. The Grades section features premium casing grades manufactured at major mills around the world. The connections are indexed after the data sections. Each company listed has provided the information in these tables. PEI`s Casing Tables should be used as a guide when planning casing programs.
Systematics of strength function sum rules
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Johnson, Calvin W.
2015-11-01
Sum rules provide useful insights into transition strength functions and are often expressed as expectation values of an operator. In this letter I demonstrate that non-energy-weighted transition sum rules have strong secular dependences on the energy of the initial state. Such non-trivial systematics have consequences: the simplification suggested by the generalized Brink-Axel hypothesis, for example, does not hold for most cases, though it weakly holds in at least some cases for electric dipole transitions. Furthermore, I show the systematics can be understood through spectral distribution theory, calculated via traces of operators and of products of operators. Seen through this lens, violation of the generalized Brink-Axel hypothesis is unsurprising: one expects sum rules to evolve with excitation energy. Furthermore, to lowest order the slope of the secular evolution can be traced to a component of the Hamiltonian being positive (repulsive) or negative (attractive).
Experimental results of the betatron sum resonance
Wang, Y.; Ball, M.; Brabson, B.
1993-06-01
The experimental observations of motion near the betatron sum resonance, {nu}{sub x} + 2{nu}{sub z} = 13, are presented. A fast quadrupole (Panofsky-style ferrite picture-frame magnet with a pulsed power supplier) producing a betatron tune shift of the order of 0.03 at rise time of 1 {mu}s was used. This quadrupole was used to produce betatron tunes which jumped past and then crossed back through a betatron sum resonance line. The beam response as function of initial betatron amplitudes were recorded turn by turn. The correlated growth of the action variables, J{sub x} and J{sub z}, was observed. The phase space plots in the resonance frame reveal the features of particle motion near the nonlinear sum resonance region.
Z-Sum approach to loop integrals
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Rottmann, Paulo A.
We study the applicability of the Z-Sum approach to multi-loop calculations with massive particles in perturbative quantum field theory. We systematically analyze the case of one-loop scalar integrals, which represent the building blocks of any higher-loop calculation. We focus in particular on triangle one-loop integrals and identify strengths and limitations of the Z-Sum approach, extending our results to the case of one-loop box integrals when appropriate. We conclude with the calculation of a specific physical example: the calculation of heavy flavor corrections to the renormalized scattering amplitude for deep inelastic scattering.
Thermal operator representation for Matsubara sums
Espinosa, Olivier
2005-03-15
We prove in full generality the thermal operator representation for Matsubara sums in a relativistic field theory of scalar and fermionic particles. It states that the full result of performing the Matsubara sum associated to any given Feynman graph, in the imaginary-time formalism of finite-temperature field theory, can be directly obtained from its corresponding zero-temperature energy integral, by means of a simple linear operator, which is independent of the external Euclidean energies and whose form depends solely on the topology of the graph.
40 CFR 90.708 - Cumulative Sum (CumSum) procedure.
Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR
2012-07-01
... i −1+X i−(FEL+F))] Where: Ci=The current CumSum statistic. Ci -1=The previous CumSum statistic... individual engine. FEL=Family Emission Limit (the standard if no FEL). F=.25×σ. (2) After each test pursuant... configuration, or the use of a different deterioration factor) with no changes to the FEL (where...
40 CFR 90.708 - Cumulative Sum (CumSum) procedure.
Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR
2013-07-01
... i −1+X i−(FEL+F))] Where: Ci=The current CumSum statistic. Ci -1=The previous CumSum statistic... individual engine. FEL=Family Emission Limit (the standard if no FEL). F=.25×σ. (2) After each test pursuant... configuration, or the use of a different deterioration factor) with no changes to the FEL (where...
40 CFR 90.708 - Cumulative Sum (CumSum) procedure.
Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR
2011-07-01
... i -1+X i−(FEL+F))] Where: Ci=The current CumSum statistic. Ci -1=The previous CumSum statistic... individual engine. FEL=Family Emission Limit (the standard if no FEL). F=.25×σ. (2) After each test pursuant... configuration, or the use of a different deterioration factor) with no changes to the FEL (where...
40 CFR 90.708 - Cumulative Sum (CumSum) procedure.
Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR
2010-07-01
... i -1+X i−(FEL+F))] Where: Ci=The current CumSum statistic. Ci -1=The previous CumSum statistic... individual engine. FEL=Family Emission Limit (the standard if no FEL). F=.25×σ. (2) After each test pursuant... configuration, or the use of a different deterioration factor) with no changes to the FEL (where...
40 CFR 90.708 - Cumulative Sum (CumSum) procedure.
Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR
2014-07-01
... i −1+X i−(FEL+F))] Where: Ci=The current CumSum statistic. Ci -1=The previous CumSum statistic... individual engine. FEL=Family Emission Limit (the standard if no FEL). F=.25×σ. (2) After each test pursuant... configuration, or the use of a different deterioration factor) with no changes to the FEL (where...
The Visual Interactive Computer-Aided Approach to Teaching Zero-Sum/Nonzero-Sum Games.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Shim, J. P.
1988-01-01
Discusses the use of the microcomputer as an instructional tool in the domain of competitive decision making. Describes how visual interactive zero-sum/nonzero-sum games can be useful in teaching this subject. Compares student performances based on the visual interactive approach to those of traditional approaches. (GEA)
Fibonacci Identities via the Determinant Sum Property
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Spivey, Michael
2006-01-01
We use the sum property for determinants of matrices to give a three-stage proof of an identity involving Fibonacci numbers. Cassini's and d'Ocagne's Fibonacci identities are obtained at the ends of stages one and two, respectively. Catalan's Fibonacci identity is also a special case.
Exact sum rules for inhomogeneous drums
Amore, Paolo
2013-09-15
We derive general expressions for the sum rules of the eigenvalues of drums of arbitrary shape and arbitrary density, obeying different boundary conditions. The formulas that we present are a generalization of the analogous formulas for one dimensional inhomogeneous systems that we have obtained in a previous paper. We also discuss the extension of these formulas to higher dimensions. We show that in the special case of a density depending only on one variable the sum rules of any integer order can be expressed in terms of a single series. As an application of our result we derive exact sum rules for the homogeneous circular annulus with different boundary conditions, for a homogeneous circular sector and for a radially inhomogeneous circular annulus with Dirichlet boundary conditions. -- Highlights: •We derive an explicit expression for the sum rules of inhomogeneous drums. •We discuss the extension to higher dimensions. •We discuss the special case of an inhomogeneity only along one direction.
Generalized Sum Rules of the Nucleon
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Gorshteyn, Mikhail; Szczepaniak, Adam
2008-10-01
We consider doubly virtual Compton scattering (VVCS) off the nucleon with the photon virtualities q1^2=q2^2=-Q^2 and formulate the low energy theorem (LET) for this process. We show that the LET can only be defined at finite momentum transfer t=-2Q^2 which is at variance with existing studies in the literature. Combining LET with dispersion relations for the forward VVCS amplitude, we obtain the new, correct version of the generalized sum rules of the nucleon that state a correspondence between the low energy constants of VVCS and the moments of the DIS structure functions. We notice that the t-channel unitarity is necessary to translate the forward dispersion relations to the low energy limit. This approach leads to a substantial modification of the generalized GDH sum rule at finite Q^2 that undergoes extensive studies at JLab. For the spin-independent VVCS amplitude, the new sum rule for the generalized magnetic susceptibility β(Q^2) is obtained. Our approach provides a consistent, Lorentz invariant formulation of LET for the most general VVCS process that removes inconsistencies that stain the previous studies of the generalized polarizabilities of virtual Compton scattering and the generalized sum rules of the nucleon.
26 CFR 1.175-5 - Percentage limitation and carryover.
Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR
2011-04-01
... 26 Internal Revenue 3 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Percentage limitation and carryover. 1.175-5 Section 1.175-5 Internal Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY (CONTINUED) INCOME TAX (CONTINUED) INCOME TAXES (CONTINUED) Itemized Deductions for Individuals and Corporations (continued) § 1.175-5 Percentage limitation...
12 CFR 1026.14 - Determination of annual percentage rate.
Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR
2012-01-01
... 12 Banks and Banking 8 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Determination of annual percentage rate. 1026.14 Section 1026.14 Banks and Banking BUREAU OF CONSUMER FINANCIAL PROTECTION TRUTH IN LENDING (REGULATION Z) Open-End Credit § 1026.14 Determination of annual percentage rate. (a) General rule. The...
12 CFR 1026.14 - Determination of annual percentage rate.
Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR
2014-01-01
... 12 Banks and Banking 9 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Determination of annual percentage rate. 1026.14 Section 1026.14 Banks and Banking BUREAU OF CONSUMER FINANCIAL PROTECTION TRUTH IN LENDING (REGULATION Z) Open-End Credit § 1026.14 Determination of annual percentage rate. (a) General rule. The...
12 CFR 1026.14 - Determination of annual percentage rate.
Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR
2013-01-01
... 12 Banks and Banking 8 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Determination of annual percentage rate. 1026.14 Section 1026.14 Banks and Banking BUREAU OF CONSUMER FINANCIAL PROTECTION TRUTH IN LENDING (REGULATION Z) Open-End Credit § 1026.14 Determination of annual percentage rate. (a) General rule. The...
7 CFR 930.8 - Free market tonnage percentage cherries.
Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR
2013-01-01
... 7 Agriculture 8 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Free market tonnage percentage cherries. 930.8 Section... CHERRIES GROWN IN THE STATES OF MICHIGAN, NEW YORK, PENNSYLVANIA, OREGON, UTAH, WASHINGTON, AND WISCONSIN Order Regulating Handling Definitions § 930.8 Free market tonnage percentage cherries. Free...
14 CFR § 1300.14 - Guarantee percentage.
Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR
2014-01-01
... 14 Aeronautics and Space 5 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Guarantee percentage. Â§ 1300.14 Section Â§ 1300.14 Aeronautics and Space AIR TRANSPORTATION SYSTEM STABILIZATION OFFICE OF MANAGEMENT AND BUDGET... § 1300.14 Guarantee percentage. A guarantee issued by the Board must be less than 100 percent of...
26 CFR 1.613-1 - Percentage depletion; general rule.
Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR
2010-04-01
... 26 Internal Revenue 7 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 true Percentage depletion; general rule. 1.613-1 Section 1.613-1 Internal Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY (CONTINUED) INCOME TAX (CONTINUED) INCOME TAXES (CONTINUED) Natural Resources § 1.613-1 Percentage depletion;...
26 CFR 1.613-1 - Percentage depletion; general rule.
Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR
2011-04-01
... 26 Internal Revenue 7 2011-04-01 2009-04-01 true Percentage depletion; general rule. 1.613-1 Section 1.613-1 Internal Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY (CONTINUED) INCOME TAX (CONTINUED) INCOME TAXES (CONTINUED) Natural Resources § 1.613-1 Percentage depletion; general rule. (a) In general. In the case of a...
27 CFR 5.40 - Statements of age and percentage.
Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR
2011-04-01
... Distilled Spirits § 5.40 Statements of age and percentage. (a) Statements of age and percentage for whisky. In the case of straight whisky bottled in conformity with the bottled in bond labeling requirements and of domestic or foreign whisky, whether or not mixed or blended, all of which is 4 years old...
27 CFR 5.40 - Statements of age and percentage.
Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR
2014-04-01
... Distilled Spirits § 5.40 Statements of age and percentage. (a) Statements of age and percentage for whisky. In the case of straight whisky bottled in conformity with the bottled in bond labeling requirements and of domestic or foreign whisky, whether or not mixed or blended, all of which is 4 years old...
27 CFR 5.40 - Statements of age and percentage.
Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR
2013-04-01
... Distilled Spirits § 5.40 Statements of age and percentage. (a) Statements of age and percentage for whisky. In the case of straight whisky bottled in conformity with the bottled in bond labeling requirements and of domestic or foreign whisky, whether or not mixed or blended, all of which is 4 years old...
27 CFR 5.40 - Statements of age and percentage.
Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR
2010-04-01
... Distilled Spirits § 5.40 Statements of age and percentage. (a) Statements of age and percentage for whisky. In the case of straight whisky bottled in conformity with the bottled in bond labeling requirements and of domestic or foreign whisky, whether or not mixed or blended, all of which is 4 years old...
28 CFR 19.4 - Cost and percentage estimates.
Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR
2010-07-01
... 28 Judicial Administration 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Cost and percentage estimates. 19.4... RECOVERY OF MISSING CHILDREN § 19.4 Cost and percentage estimates. It is estimated that this program will cost DOJ $78,000 during the initial year. This figure is based on estimates of printing, inserting,...
15 CFR 23.4 - Cost and percentage estimates.
Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR
2010-01-01
... 15 Commerce and Foreign Trade 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Cost and percentage estimates. 23.4... LOCATION AND RECOVERY OF MISSING CHILDREN § 23.4 Cost and percentage estimates. It is estimated that this... estimate that 9% of its penalty mail will transmit missing children photographs and information when...
20 CFR 225.26 - Residual Lump-Sum PIA.
Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR
2013-04-01
... Lump-Sum Payable § 225.26 Residual Lump-Sum PIA. The Residual Lump-Sum PIA (RLS PIA) is used to compute... determining the amount of the residual lump-sum payable, as explained in part 234 of this chapter. The RLS PIA.... The RLS PIA is computed just like the retirement Tier I PIA described in subpart B of this...
20 CFR 225.26 - Residual Lump-Sum PIA.
Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR
2012-04-01
... Lump-Sum Payable § 225.26 Residual Lump-Sum PIA. The Residual Lump-Sum PIA (RLS PIA) is used to compute... determining the amount of the residual lump-sum payable, as explained in part 234 of this chapter. The RLS PIA.... The RLS PIA is computed just like the retirement Tier I PIA described in subpart B of this...
20 CFR 225.26 - Residual Lump-Sum PIA.
Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR
2011-04-01
... Lump-Sum Payable § 225.26 Residual Lump-Sum PIA. The Residual Lump-Sum PIA (RLS PIA) is used to compute... determining the amount of the residual lump-sum payable, as explained in part 234 of this chapter. The RLS PIA.... The RLS PIA is computed just like the retirement Tier I PIA described in subpart B of this...
20 CFR 225.26 - Residual Lump-Sum PIA.
Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR
2010-04-01
... Lump-Sum Payable § 225.26 Residual Lump-Sum PIA. The Residual Lump-Sum PIA (RLS PIA) is used to compute... determining the amount of the residual lump-sum payable, as explained in part 234 of this chapter. The RLS PIA.... The RLS PIA is computed just like the retirement Tier I PIA described in subpart B of this...
20 CFR 225.26 - Residual Lump-Sum PIA.
Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR
2014-04-01
... Lump-Sum Payable § 225.26 Residual Lump-Sum PIA. The Residual Lump-Sum PIA (RLS PIA) is used to compute... determining the amount of the residual lump-sum payable, as explained in part 234 of this chapter. The RLS PIA.... The RLS PIA is computed just like the retirement Tier I PIA described in subpart B of this...
Motor gasoline assessment, Spring 1997
1997-07-01
The springs of 1996 and 1997 provide an excellent example of contrasting gasoline market dynamics. In spring 1996, tightening crude oil markets pushed up gasoline prices sharply, adding to the normal seasonal gasoline price increases; however, in spring 1997, crude oil markets loosened and crude oil prices fell, bringing gasoline prices down. This pattern was followed throughout the country except in California. As a result of its unique reformulated gasoline, California prices began to vary significantly from the rest of the country in 1996 and continued to exhibit distinct variations in 1997. In addition to the price contrasts between 1996 and 1997, changes occurred in the way in which gasoline markets were supplied. Low stocks, high refinery utilizations, and high imports persisted through 1996 into summer 1997, but these factors seem to have had little impact on gasoline price spreads relative to average spread.
Systematics of strength function sum rules
Johnson, Calvin W.
2015-08-28
Sum rules provide useful insights into transition strength functions and are often expressed as expectation values of an operator. In this letter I demonstrate that non-energy-weighted transition sum rules have strong secular dependences on the energy of the initial state. Such non-trivial systematics have consequences: the simplification suggested by the generalized Brink–Axel hypothesis, for example, does not hold for most cases, though it weakly holds in at least some cases for electric dipole transitions. Furthermore, I show the systematics can be understood through spectral distribution theory, calculated via traces of operators and of products of operators. Seen through this lens,more » violation of the generalized Brink–Axel hypothesis is unsurprising: one expectssum rules to evolve with excitation energy. Moreover, to lowest order the slope of the secular evolution can be traced to a component of the Hamiltonian being positive (repulsive) or negative (attractive).« less
Systematics of strength function sum rules
Johnson, Calvin W.
2015-08-28
Sum rules provide useful insights into transition strength functions and are often expressed as expectation values of an operator. In this letter I demonstrate that non-energy-weighted transition sum rules have strong secular dependences on the energy of the initial state. Such non-trivial systematics have consequences: the simplification suggested by the generalized Brink–Axel hypothesis, for example, does not hold for most cases, though it weakly holds in at least some cases for electric dipole transitions. Furthermore, I show the systematics can be understood through spectral distribution theory, calculated via traces of operators and of products of operators. Seen through this lens, violation of the generalized Brink–Axel hypothesis is unsurprising: one expectssum rules to evolve with excitation energy. Moreover, to lowest order the slope of the secular evolution can be traced to a component of the Hamiltonian being positive (repulsive) or negative (attractive).
Second harmonic generation and sum frequency generation
Pellin, M.J.; Biwer, B.M.; Schauer, M.W.; Frye, J.M.; Gruen, D.M.
1990-01-01
Second harmonic generation and sum frequency generation are increasingly being used as in situ surface probes. These techniques are coherent and inherently surface sensitive by the nature of the mediums response to intense laser light. Here we will review these two techniques using aqueous corrosion as an example problem. Aqueous corrosion of technologically important materials such as Fe, Ni and Cr proceeds from a reduced metal surface with layer by layer growth of oxide films mitigated by compositional changes in the chemical makeup of the growing film. Passivation of the metal surface is achieved after growth of only a few tens of atomic layers of metal oxide. Surface Second Harmonic Generation and a related nonlinear laser technique, Sum Frequency Generation have demonstrated an ability to probe the surface composition of growing films even in the presence of aqueous solutions. 96 refs., 4 figs.
Seiferlein, Katherine E.
1998-07-01
The Annual Energy Review (AER) presents the Energy Information Administration’s historical energy statistics. For many series, statistics are given for every year from 1949 through 1997. The statistics, expressed in either physical units or British thermal units, cover all major energy activities, including consumption, production, trade, stocks, and prices, for all major energy commodities, including fossil fuels, electricity, and renewable energy sources. Publication of this report is in keeping with responsibilities given to the Energy Information Administration (EIA) in Public Law 95–91 (Department of Energy Organization Act), which states, in part, in Section 205(a)(2) that: “The Administrator shall be responsible for carrying out a central, comprehensive, and unified energy data and information program which will collect, evaluate, assemble, analyze, and disseminate data and information....” The AER is intended for use by Members of Congress, Federal and State agencies, energy analysts, and the general public. EIA welcomes suggestions from readers regarding data series in the AER and in other EIA publications.
1997-12-01
Sandia embarked on its first exercise in corporate strategic planning during the winter of 1989. The results of that effort were disseminated with the publication of Strategic Plan 1990. Four years later Sandia conducted their second major planning effort and published Strategic Plan 1994. Sandia`s 1994 planning effort linked very clearly to the Department of Energy`s first strategic plan, Fueling a Competitive Economy. It benefited as well from the leadership of Lockheed Martin Corporation, the management and operating contractor. Lockheed Martin`s corporate success is founded on visionary strategic planning and annual operational planning driven by customer requirements and technology opportunities. In 1996 Sandia conducted another major planning effort that resulted in the development of eight long-term Strategic Objectives. Strategic Plan 1997 differs from its predecessors in that the robust elements of previous efforts have been integrated into one comprehensive body. The changes implemented so far have helped establish a living strategic plan with a stronger business focus and with clear deployment throughout Sandia. The concept of a personal line of sight for all employees to this strategic plan and its objectives, goals, and annual milestones is becoming a reality.
26 CFR 1.613-2 - Percentage depletion rates.
Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR
2012-04-01
... after August 16, 1954; and (ii) The percentage rates set forth in 26 CFR (1939) 39.23(m)-5 (Regulations.... Limestone. Magnesite. Magnesium carbonates Marble. Mica Phosphate rock. Potash. Quartzite. Slate....
26 CFR 1.613-2 - Percentage depletion rates.
Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR
2014-04-01
... after August 16, 1954; and (ii) The percentage rates set forth in 26 CFR (1939) 39.23(m)-5 (Regulations.... Limestone. Magnesite. Magnesium carbonates Marble. Mica Phosphate rock. Potash. Quartzite. Slate....
26 CFR 1.613-2 - Percentage depletion rates.
Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR
2011-04-01
... after August 16, 1954; and (ii) The percentage rates set forth in 26 CFR (1939) 39.23(m)-5 (Regulations.... Limestone. Magnesite. Magnesium carbonates Marble. Mica Phosphate rock. Potash. Quartzite. Slate....
26 CFR 1.613-2 - Percentage depletion rates.
Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR
2013-04-01
... after August 16, 1954; and (ii) The percentage rates set forth in 26 CFR (1939) 39.23(m)-5 (Regulations.... Limestone. Magnesite. Magnesium carbonates Marble. Mica Phosphate rock. Potash. Quartzite. Slate....
26 CFR 1.613-2 - Percentage depletion rates.
Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR
2010-04-01
... after August 16, 1954; and (ii) The percentage rates set forth in 26 CFR (1939) 39.23(m)-5 (Regulations.... Limestone. Magnesite. Magnesium carbonates Marble. Mica Phosphate rock. Potash. Quartzite. Slate....
12 CFR 226.22 - Determination of annual percentage rate.
Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR
2013-01-01
... RESERVE SYSTEM (CONTINUED) TRUTH IN LENDING (REGULATION Z) Closed-End Credit § 226.22 Determination of.... (1) The Regulation Z Annual Percentage Rate Tables produced by the Board may be used to determine...
12 CFR 226.22 - Determination of annual percentage rate.
Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR
2012-01-01
... RESERVE SYSTEM TRUTH IN LENDING (REGULATION Z) Closed-End Credit § 226.22 Determination of annual... paragraph (a)(4) of this section. (b) Computation tools. (1) The Regulation Z Annual Percentage Rate...
Percentage Composition and Empirical Formula--A New View.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Gilbert, George L.
1998-01-01
Demonstrates the logical relationship between percentage composition and an empirical formula using a technique that depends on determining a minimum molar mass for the compound based on the mass percent of each element. (DDR)
Percentage of U.S. Adolescents Who Smoke Cigarettes
... U.S. Adolescents Who Smoke Cigarettes Percentage of U.S. Adolescents Who Smoke Cigarettes Tobacco use is the leading ... This measure is calculated by the Division of Adolescent and School Health, National Center for Chronic Disease ...
Sum Product Networks for Activity Recognition.
Amer, Mohamed R; Todorovic, Sinisa
2016-04-01
This paper addresses detection and localization of human activities in videos. We focus on activities that may have variable spatiotemporal arrangements of parts, and numbers of actors. Such activities are represented by a sum-product network (SPN). A product node in SPN represents a particular arrangement of parts, and a sum node represents alternative arrangements. The sums and products are hierarchically organized, and grounded onto space-time windows covering the video. The windows provide evidence about the activity classes based on the Counting Grid (CG) model of visual words. This evidence is propagated bottom-up and top-down to parse the SPN graph for the explanation of the video. The node connectivity and model parameters of SPN and CG are jointly learned under two settings, weakly supervised, and supervised. For evaluation, we use our new Volleyball dataset, along with the benchmark datasets VIRAT, UT-Interactions, KTH, and TRECVID MED 2011. Our video classification and activity localization are superior to those of the state of the art on these datasets. PMID:26390445
A 2-categorical state sum model
Baratin, Aristide; Freidel, Laurent
2015-01-15
It has long been argued that higher categories provide the proper algebraic structure underlying state sum invariants of 4-manifolds. This idea has been refined recently, by proposing to use 2-groups and their representations as specific examples of 2-categories. The challenge has been to make these proposals fully explicit. Here, we give a concrete realization of this program. Building upon our earlier work with Baez and Wise on the representation theory of 2-groups, we construct a four-dimensional state sum model based on a categorified version of the Euclidean group. We define and explicitly compute the simplex weights, which may be viewed a categorified analogue of Racah-Wigner 6j-symbols. These weights solve a hexagon equation that encodes the formal invariance of the state sum under the Pachner moves of the triangulation. This result unravels the combinatorial formulation of the Feynman amplitudes of quantum field theory on flat spacetime proposed in A. Baratin and L. Freidel [Classical Quantum Gravity 24, 2027–2060 (2007)] which was shown to lead after gauge-fixing to Korepanov’s invariant of 4-manifolds.
Natural gas monthly, November 1997
1997-11-01
This issue of the Natural Gas Monthly presents the most recent estimates of natural gas data from the Energy Information Administration. Estimates extend through November for many data series, and through August for most natural gas prices. Highlights of the most recent data estimates are: (1) Preliminary estimates of dry natural gas production and total consumption available through November 1997 indicate that both series are on track to end the year at levels close to those of 1996. Cumulative dry production is one-half percent higher than in 1996 and consumption is one-half percent lower. (2) Natural gas production is estimated to be 52.6 billion cubic feet per day in November 1997, the highest rate since March 1997. (3) After falling 8 percent in July 1997, the national average wellhead price rose 10 percent in August 1997, reaching an estimated $2.21 per thousand cubic feet. (4) Milder weather in November 1997 compared to November 1996 has resulted in significantly lower levels of residential consumption of natural gas and net storage withdrawls than a year ago. The November 1997 estimates of residential consumption and net withdrawls are 9 and 20 percent lower, respectively, than in November 1996.
Accountability report - fiscal year 1997
1998-04-01
This document contains the US NRC`s accountability report for fiscal year 1997. Topics include uses of funds, financial condition, program performance, management accountability, and the audited financial statement.
Thermal Barrier Coating Workshop, 1997
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
Brindley, William J. (Compiler)
1998-01-01
This document contains papers from the 1997 Thermal Barrier Coatings Workshop, sponsored by the TBC Interagency Coordination Committee. The Workshop was held in Fort Mitchell, Kentucky, May 19-21, 1997. The papers cover the topics of heat transfer and conductivity of thermal barrier coatings, failure mechanisms and characterization of the coatings as well as characterization of coating deposition methods. Speakers included research, development and user groups in academia, industry and government.
United States Life Tables, 1997.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Anderson, Robert N.
1999-01-01
The life tables in this report are current life tables for the United States based on age-specific death rates in 1997. Beginning with the 1997 tables, U.S. life tables have been constructed with a new methodology that is similar to that used in the decennial life tables. Life expectancy and other tables are shown for the first time for ages 85 to…
Percentage entrainment of constituent loads in urban runoff, south Florida
Miller, R.A.
1985-01-01
Runoff quantity and quality data from four urban basins in south Florida were analyzed to determine the entrainment of total nitrogen, total phosphorus, total carbon, chemical oxygen demand, suspended solids, and total lead within the stormwater runoff. Land use of the homogeneously developed basins are residential (single family), highway, commercial, and apartment (multifamily). A computational procedure was used to calculate, for all storms that had water-quality data, the percentage of constituent load entrainment in specified depths of runoff. The plot of percentage of constituent load entrained as a function of runoff is termed the percentage-entrainment curve. Percentage-entrainment curves were developed for three different source areas of basin runoff: (1) the hydraulically effective impervious area, (2) the contributing area, and (3) the drainage area. With basin runoff expressed in inches over the contributing area, the depth of runoff required to remove 90 percent of the constituent load ranged from about 0.4 inch to about 1.4 inches; and to remove 80 percent, from about 0.3 to 0.9 inch. Analysis of variance, using depth of runoff from the contributing area as the response variable, showed that the factor 'basin' is statistically significant, but that the factor 'constituent' is not statistically significant in the forming of the percentage-entrainment curve. Evidently the sewerage design, whether elongated or concise in plan dictates the shape of the percentage-entrainment curve. The percentage-entrainment curves for all constituents were averaged for each basin and plotted against basin runoff for three source areas of runoff-the hydraulically effective impervious area, the contributing area, and the drainage area. The relative positions of the three curves are directly related to the relative sizes of the three source areas considered. One general percentage-entrainment curve based on runoff from the contributing area was formed by averaging across
SUMS experiment flight results on STS-35
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
Blanchard, Robert C.; Ozoroski, Thomas A.; Nicholson, John Y.
1993-01-01
Calibrated pressure measurements for species with mass to charge ratios up to 50 amu/e(-) were obtained from the Shuttle Upper Atmosphere Mass Spectrometer (SUMS) experiment during reentry on the STS-35 mission. Data were collected from 180 km, when the signal rose above the background, to about 87 km, when the SUMS system automatically closed the gas inlet value. However, data above 115 km was contaminated from a source of gas emanating from pressure transducers connected in parallel to the mass spectrometer. At lower altitudes, the pressure transducer data is compared with the mass spectrometer total pressure with excellent agreement. The free-stream density in the rarefied flow flight regime is calculated using an orifice pressure coefficient model based upon direct simulation Monte Carlo results. This density, when compared with the 1976 U.S. standard atmosphere model, exhibits the wave-like nature seen on previous flights using accelerometry. In addition, selected spectra are presented at higher altitudes (320 km) showing the effects of the ingestion of gases from a forward fuselage fuel dump. An analysis of the spectra data from this event is presented to show that no significant permanent changes occurred which affected the data interpretation at lower altitudes. Further, the localized chemistry from the individual species during the onset of aerodynamic heating is examined to the extent possible for a closed source system, such as SUMS. Near the orifice entrance, a significant amount of CO2 was generated from chemical reactions with the carbon panels of the Orbiter and absorbed oxygen on the system tubing.
SUMS experiment flight results on STS-35
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Blanchard, Robert C.; Ozoroski, Thomas A.; Nicholson, John Y.
1993-04-01
Calibrated pressure measurements for species with mass to charge ratios up to 50 amu/e(-) were obtained from the Shuttle Upper Atmosphere Mass Spectrometer (SUMS) experiment during reentry on the STS-35 mission. Data were collected from 180 km, when the signal rose above the background, to about 87 km, when the SUMS system automatically closed the gas inlet value. However, data above 115 km was contaminated from a source of gas emanating from pressure transducers connected in parallel to the mass spectrometer. At lower altitudes, the pressure transducer data is compared with the mass spectrometer total pressure with excellent agreement. The free-stream density in the rarefied flow flight regime is calculated using an orifice pressure coefficient model based upon direct simulation Monte Carlo results. This density, when compared with the 1976 U.S. standard atmosphere model, exhibits the wave-like nature seen on previous flights using accelerometry. In addition, selected spectra are presented at higher altitudes (320 km) showing the effects of the ingestion of gases from a forward fuselage fuel dump. An analysis of the spectra data from this event is presented to show that no significant permanent changes occurred which affected the data interpretation at lower altitudes. Further, the localized chemistry from the individual species during the onset of aerodynamic heating is examined to the extent possible for a closed source system, such as SUMS. Near the orifice entrance, a significant amount of CO2 was generated from chemical reactions with the carbon panels of the Orbiter and absorbed oxygen on the system tubing.
Coulomb sum rule for {sup 4}He
J. Carlson; J. Jourdan; R. Schiavilla; I. Sick
2002-10-01
We determine the Coulomb sum for {sup 4}He using world data on {sup 4}He(e, e') and compare the results to calculations based on realistic interactions and including two-body components in the nuclear charge operator. We find good agreement between theory and experiment using free-nucleon form factors. The apparent reduction of the in-medium G{sub ep} implied by IA-interpretation of the L/T-ratios measured in {sup 4}He(e,e'p) and {sup 4}He([vec]e, e'p) is not confirmed.
Fast bilateral filtering using recursive moving sum
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Igarashi, Masaki; Ikebe, Masayuki; Shimoyama, Sohsuke; Motohisa, Junichi
We propose a constant-time algorithm for a bilateral filter. Bilateral filter can be converted into the operation of three-dimensional (3D) convolution. By using recursive moving sum, we can reduce the number of calculations needed to construct a pseudo-Gaussian filter. Applying one-dimensional Gaussian filter to the 3D convolution, we achieved a constant-time bilateral filter. We used a 3-GHz CPU without SIMD instructions, or multi-thread operations. We confirmed our proposed bilateral filter to be processed in constant time. In practical conditions, high PSNR values over 40 dB are obtained.
A cluster version of the GGT sum rule
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Hencken, Kai; Baur, Gerhard; Trautmann, Dirk
2004-03-01
We discuss the derivation of a "cluster sum rule" from the Gellmann-Goldberger-Thirring (GGT) sum rule as an alternative to the Thomas-Reiche-Kuhn (TRK) sum rule, which was used as the basis up to now. We compare differences in the assumptions and approximations. Some applications of the sum rule for halo nuclei, as well as, nuclei with a pronounced cluster structure are discussed.
7 CFR 42.132 - Determining cumulative sum values.
Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR
2012-01-01
... 3 1 2.5 3 1 2 1 (b) At the beginning of the basic inspection period, the CuSum value is set equal to the starting value (“S”) for the specified CuSum plan. The CuSum value is then determined for each consecutive subgroup as follows: (1) Add the number of defects for the present subgroup to the CuSum value...
7 CFR 42.132 - Determining cumulative sum values.
Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR
2013-01-01
... 3 1 2.5 3 1 2 1 (b) At the beginning of the basic inspection period, the CuSum value is set equal to the starting value (“S”) for the specified CuSum plan. The CuSum value is then determined for each consecutive subgroup as follows: (1) Add the number of defects for the present subgroup to the CuSum value...
7 CFR 42.132 - Determining cumulative sum values.
Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR
2014-01-01
... 3 1 2.5 3 1 1 2 1 (b) At the beginning of the basic inspection period, the CuSum value is set equal to the starting value (“S”) for the specified CuSum plan. The CuSum value is then determined for each consecutive subgroup as follows: (1) Add the number of defects for the present subgroup to the CuSum value...
7 CFR 42.132 - Determining cumulative sum values.
Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR
2010-01-01
... 3 1 2.5 3 1 2 1 (b) At the beginning of the basic inspection period, the CuSum value is set equal to the starting value (“S”) for the specified CuSum plan. The CuSum value is then determined for each consecutive subgroup as follows: (1) Add the number of defects for the present subgroup to the CuSum value...
7 CFR 42.132 - Determining cumulative sum values.
Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR
2011-01-01
... 3 1 2.5 3 1 2 1 (b) At the beginning of the basic inspection period, the CuSum value is set equal to the starting value (“S”) for the specified CuSum plan. The CuSum value is then determined for each consecutive subgroup as follows: (1) Add the number of defects for the present subgroup to the CuSum value...
22 CFR 19.13-1 - Lump-sum credit.
Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR
2010-04-01
... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Lump-sum credit. 19.13-1 Section 19.13-1... THE FOREIGN SERVICE RETIREMENT AND DISABILITY SYSTEM § 19.13-1 Lump-sum credit. “Lump-sum credit” is the compulsory and special contributions to a participant's or former participant's credit in the...
22 CFR 19.13-1 - Lump-sum credit.
Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR
2011-04-01
... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Lump-sum credit. 19.13-1 Section 19.13-1... THE FOREIGN SERVICE RETIREMENT AND DISABILITY SYSTEM § 19.13-1 Lump-sum credit. “Lump-sum credit” is the compulsory and special contributions to a participant's or former participant's credit in the...
22 CFR 19.13-1 - Lump-sum credit.
Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR
2013-04-01
... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Lump-sum credit. 19.13-1 Section 19.13-1... THE FOREIGN SERVICE RETIREMENT AND DISABILITY SYSTEM § 19.13-1 Lump-sum credit. “Lump-sum credit” is the compulsory and special contributions to a participant's or former participant's credit in the...
22 CFR 19.13-1 - Lump-sum credit.
Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR
2014-04-01
... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Lump-sum credit. 19.13-1 Section 19.13-1... THE FOREIGN SERVICE RETIREMENT AND DISABILITY SYSTEM § 19.13-1 Lump-sum credit. “Lump-sum credit” is the compulsory and special contributions to a participant's or former participant's credit in the...
Pharmacist job turnover, length of service, and reasons for leaving, 1983-1997.
Mott, D A
2000-05-15
Pharmacist job turnover from 1983 to 1997 was studied. Data were collected from a randomized 1997 mail survey of 1600 licensed pharmacists in four states (Ohio, Massachusetts, Oregon, and Alabama). The survey instrument included questions on pharmacist demographics, work schedules, salary, and work history. A total of 541 pharmacists responded, yielding an adjusted response rate of 34.5%. Information was provided on a total of 1697 jobs with start dates from 1931 to 1997. Pharmacist job turnover was fairly steady across the 1983-1997 period, averaging 11% annually. The average median tenure of pharmacists who left jobs was 32 months. The percentage of pharmacists leaving jobs and ranking stress as the reason for leaving increased, and the percentage of leavers ranking salary as the reason decreased. Women had a significantly higher annual turnover rate (15%) than men (9.7%), and they stayed in jobs for significantly less time (25.2 months) than men (56.5 months). There were no differences in turnover rates across practice settings. A larger percentage of pharmacists leaving jobs in large chain and institutional settings ranked stress as a reason for leaving than pharmacists leaving independent or small chain pharmacies. A larger percentage of pharmacists leaving independent or small chain pharmacies ranked salary as a reason than pharmacists in the other two settings. Pharmacist job turnover averaged 11% per year between 1983 and 1997. Pharmacists who left jobs typically stayed less than three years. The percentage citing stress as a reason for leaving increased, and the percentage citing salary decreased. PMID:10832498
12 CFR 226.22 - Determination of annual percentage rate.
Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR
2010-01-01
.... (3) In an irregular transaction, the annual percentage rate shall be considered accurate if it is not... irregular transaction is one that includes one or more of the following features: multiple advances, irregular payment periods, or irregular payment amounts (other than an irregular first period or...
78 FR 33757 - Rural Determination and Financing Percentage
Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014
2013-06-05
... and Activities Excluded from Executive Order 12372'' (50 FR 47034) advising that RUS loans and loan... the percentage of total project costs the Agency will finance where the project supplies electricity... amending 7 CFR part 1710. The properties of electricity are such that once a project is interconnected to...
78 FR 48789 - Loan Guaranty: Percentage to Determine Net Value
Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014
2013-08-09
... AFFAIRS Loan Guaranty: Percentage to Determine Net Value AGENCY: Department of Veterans Affairs (VA... component of this is the ``net value'' of the property to the Government, as defined in 38 CFR 36.4301. Essentially ``net value'' is the fair market value of the property, minus the total costs the...
12 CFR 226.14 - Determination of annual percentage rate.
Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR
2013-01-01
... 12 Banks and Banking 3 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Determination of annual percentage rate. 226.14 Section 226.14 Banks and Banking FEDERAL RESERVE SYSTEM (CONTINUED) BOARD OF GOVERNORS OF THE FEDERAL RESERVE SYSTEM (CONTINUED) TRUTH IN LENDING (REGULATION Z) Open-End Credit § 226.14 Determination...
12 CFR 226.14 - Determination of annual percentage rate.
Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR
2014-01-01
... 12 Banks and Banking 3 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Determination of annual percentage rate. 226.14 Section 226.14 Banks and Banking FEDERAL RESERVE SYSTEM (CONTINUED) BOARD OF GOVERNORS OF THE FEDERAL RESERVE SYSTEM (CONTINUED) TRUTH IN LENDING (REGULATION Z) Open-End Credit § 226.14 Determination...
12 CFR 226.14 - Determination of annual percentage rate.
Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR
2010-01-01
... 12 Banks and Banking 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Determination of annual percentage rate. 226.14 Section 226.14 Banks and Banking FEDERAL RESERVE SYSTEM (CONTINUED) BOARD OF GOVERNORS OF THE FEDERAL RESERVE SYSTEM TRUTH IN LENDING (REGULATION Z) Open-End Credit § 226.14 Determination of annual...
12 CFR 226.14 - Determination of annual percentage rate.
Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR
2011-01-01
... 12 Banks and Banking 3 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Determination of annual percentage rate. 226.14 Section 226.14 Banks and Banking FEDERAL RESERVE SYSTEM (CONTINUED) BOARD OF GOVERNORS OF THE FEDERAL RESERVE SYSTEM TRUTH IN LENDING (REGULATION Z) Open-End Credit § 226.14 Determination of annual...
12 CFR 226.14 - Determination of annual percentage rate.
Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR
2012-01-01
... 12 Banks and Banking 3 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Determination of annual percentage rate. 226.14 Section 226.14 Banks and Banking FEDERAL RESERVE SYSTEM (CONTINUED) BOARD OF GOVERNORS OF THE FEDERAL RESERVE SYSTEM TRUTH IN LENDING (REGULATION Z) Open-End Credit § 226.14 Determination of annual...
50 CFR Table 11 to Part 679 - BSAI Retainable Percentages
Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR
2011-10-01
... 50 Wildlife and Fisheries 11 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false BSAI Retainable Percentages 11 Table 11 to Part 679 Wildlife and Fisheries FISHERY CONSERVATION AND MANAGEMENT, NATIONAL OCEANIC AND ATMOSPHERIC ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE (CONTINUED) FISHERIES OF THE EXCLUSIVE ECONOMIC ZONE...
Percentage of Infants Born at a Low Birth Weight
... a risk factor for poor lifetime health outcomes. Data Source: National Vital Statistics System (NVSS) Metrics Calculation: Percent low birth weight equals the percentage of all infants delivered that weigh less than 2,500 grams per specified group. Data is based on 100 percent of birth certificates ...
Impact of Inclusion of Varying Percentages of Repeaters on Equating
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Rogers, W. Todd; Radwan, Nizam
2015-01-01
Restricted equating samples are often used to equate test results. Previously eligible students may be excluded because this group of students is not stable from year to year and their inclusion may bias the results. The present study evaluated the impact of including previously eligible students in the equating samples, where the percentage of…
Guidelines for Statistical Analysis of Percentage of Syllables Stuttered Data
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Jones, Mark; Onslow, Mark; Packman, Ann; Gebski, Val
2006-01-01
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to develop guidelines for the statistical analysis of percentage of syllables stuttered (%SS) data in stuttering research. Method; Data on %SS from various independent sources were used to develop a statistical model to describe this type of data. On the basis of this model, %SS data were simulated with…
7 CFR 987.44 - Free and restricted percentages.
Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR
2014-01-01
... 7 Agriculture 8 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Free and restricted percentages. 987.44 Section 987.44... IN RIVERSIDE COUNTY, CALIFORNIA Order Regulating Handling Volume Regulation § 987.44 Free and... applicable grade and size available to supply the trade demand for free dates of any variety is likely to...
7 CFR 987.44 - Free and restricted percentages.
Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR
2011-01-01
... 7 Agriculture 8 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Free and restricted percentages. 987.44 Section 987.44... IN RIVERSIDE COUNTY, CALIFORNIA Order Regulating Handling Volume Regulation § 987.44 Free and... applicable grade and size available to supply the trade demand for free dates of any variety is likely to...
7 CFR 989.257 - Final free and reserve percentages.
Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR
2012-01-01
... 7 Agriculture 8 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Final free and reserve percentages. 989.257 Section... PRODUCED FROM GRAPES GROWN IN CALIFORNIA Supplementary Regulations § 989.257 Final free and reserve... during the crop year beginning August 1, which shall be free tonnage and reserve tonnage,...
7 CFR 987.44 - Free and restricted percentages.
Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR
2013-01-01
... 7 Agriculture 8 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Free and restricted percentages. 987.44 Section 987.44... IN RIVERSIDE COUNTY, CALIFORNIA Order Regulating Handling Volume Regulation § 987.44 Free and... applicable grade and size available to supply the trade demand for free dates of any variety is likely to...
7 CFR 989.257 - Final free and reserve percentages.
Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR
2014-01-01
... 7 Agriculture 8 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Final free and reserve percentages. 989.257 Section... PRODUCED FROM GRAPES GROWN IN CALIFORNIA Supplementary Regulations § 989.257 Final free and reserve... during the crop year beginning August 1, which shall be free tonnage and reserve tonnage,...
7 CFR 987.44 - Free and restricted percentages.
Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR
2010-01-01
... 7 Agriculture 8 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Free and restricted percentages. 987.44 Section 987.44... IN RIVERSIDE COUNTY, CALIFORNIA Order Regulating Handling Volume Regulation § 987.44 Free and... applicable grade and size available to supply the trade demand for free dates of any variety is likely to...
7 CFR 987.44 - Free and restricted percentages.
Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR
2012-01-01
... 7 Agriculture 8 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Free and restricted percentages. 987.44 Section 987.44... IN RIVERSIDE COUNTY, CALIFORNIA Order Regulating Handling Volume Regulation § 987.44 Free and... applicable grade and size available to supply the trade demand for free dates of any variety is likely to...
7 CFR 989.257 - Final free and reserve percentages.
Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR
2011-01-01
... 7 Agriculture 8 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Final free and reserve percentages. 989.257 Section... PRODUCED FROM GRAPES GROWN IN CALIFORNIA Supplementary Regulations § 989.257 Final free and reserve... during the crop year beginning August 1, which shall be free tonnage and reserve tonnage,...
7 CFR 989.257 - Final free and reserve percentages.
Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR
2010-01-01
... 7 Agriculture 8 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Final free and reserve percentages. 989.257 Section... PRODUCED FROM GRAPES GROWN IN CALIFORNIA Supplementary Regulations § 989.257 Final free and reserve... during the crop year beginning August 1, which shall be free tonnage and reserve tonnage,...
50 CFR Table 11 to Part 679 - BSAI Retainable Percentages
Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR
2013-10-01
... 50 Wildlife and Fisheries 13 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false BSAI Retainable Percentages 11 Table 11 to Part 679 Wildlife and Fisheries FISHERY CONSERVATION AND MANAGEMENT, NATIONAL OCEANIC AND ATMOSPHERIC ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE (CONTINUED) FISHERIES OF THE EXCLUSIVE ECONOMIC ZONE OFF ALASKA Pt. 679, Table 11 Table 11 to Part...
40 CFR 91.508 - Cumulative Sum (CumSum) procedure.
Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR
2010-07-01
... = 0 (i.e. C0 = 0) Xi = The current emission test result for an individual engine FEL = Family Emission... different deterioration factor) with no changes to the FEL, all previous sample size and CumSum statistic... § 91.122 by modifying its FEL as a result of an engine family modification, the manufacturer...
40 CFR 91.508 - Cumulative Sum (CumSum) procedure.
Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR
2012-07-01
... = 0 (i.e. C0 = 0) Xi = The current emission test result for an individual engine FEL = Family Emission... different deterioration factor) with no changes to the FEL, all previous sample size and CumSum statistic... § 91.122 by modifying its FEL as a result of an engine family modification, the manufacturer...
40 CFR 91.508 - Cumulative Sum (CumSum) procedure.
Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR
2014-07-01
... = 0 (i.e. C0 = 0) Xi = The current emission test result for an individual engine FEL = Family Emission... different deterioration factor) with no changes to the FEL, all previous sample size and CumSum statistic... § 91.122 by modifying its FEL as a result of an engine family modification, the manufacturer...
40 CFR 91.508 - Cumulative Sum (CumSum) procedure.
Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR
2013-07-01
... = 0 (i.e. C0 = 0) Xi = The current emission test result for an individual engine FEL = Family Emission... different deterioration factor) with no changes to the FEL, all previous sample size and CumSum statistic... § 91.122 by modifying its FEL as a result of an engine family modification, the manufacturer...
40 CFR 91.508 - Cumulative Sum (CumSum) procedure.
Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR
2011-07-01
... = 0 (i.e. C0 = 0) Xi = The current emission test result for an individual engine FEL = Family Emission... different deterioration factor) with no changes to the FEL, all previous sample size and CumSum statistic... § 91.122 by modifying its FEL as a result of an engine family modification, the manufacturer...
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Wermes, N.
2011-09-01
The Pixel 2010 conference focused on semiconductor pixel detectors for particle tracking/vertexing as well as for imaging, in particular for synchrotron light sources and XFELs. The big LHC hybrid pixel detectors have impressively started showing their capabilities. X-ray imaging detectors, also using the hybrid pixel technology, have greatly advanced the experimental possibilities for diffraction experiments. Monolithic or semi-monolithic devices like CMOS active pixels and DEPFET pixels have now reached a state such that complete vertex detectors for RHIC and superKEKB are being built with these technologies. Finally, new advances towards fully monolithic active pixel detectors, featuring full CMOS electronics merged with efficient signal charge collection, exploiting standard CMOS technologies, SOI and/or 3D integration, show the path for the future. This résumé attempts to extract the main statements of the results and developments presented at this conference.
Scattering and; Delay, Scale, and Sum Migration
Lehman, S K
2011-07-06
How do we see? What is the mechanism? Consider standing in an open field on a clear sunny day. In the field are a yellow dog and a blue ball. From a wave-based remote sensing point of view the sun is a source of radiation. It is a broadband electromagnetic source which, for the purposes of this introduction, only the visible spectrum is considered (approximately 390 to 750 nanometers or 400 to 769 TeraHertz). The source emits an incident field into the known background environment which, for this example, is free space. The incident field propagates until it strikes an object or target, either the yellow dog or the blue ball. The interaction of the incident field with an object results in a scattered field. The scattered field arises from a mis-match between the background refractive index, considered to be unity, and the scattering object refractive index ('yellow' for the case of the dog, and 'blue' for the ball). This is also known as an impedance mis-match. The scattering objects are referred to as secondary sources of radiation, that radiation being the scattered field which propagates until it is measured by the two receivers known as 'eyes'. The eyes focus the measured scattered field to form images which are processed by the 'wetware' of the brain for detection, identification, and localization. When time series representations of the measured scattered field are available, the image forming focusing process can be mathematically modeled by delayed, scaled, and summed migration. This concept of optical propagation, scattering, and focusing have one-to-one equivalents in the acoustic realm. This document is intended to present the basic concepts of scalar scattering and migration used in wide band wave-based remote sensing and imaging. The terms beamforming and (delayed, scaled, and summed) migration are used interchangeably but are to be distinguished from the narrow band (frequency domain) beamforming to determine the direction of arrival of a signal, and
Natural gas monthly, February 1997
1997-02-01
This issue of the Natural Gas Monthly presents estimates of natural gas supply and consumption through February 1997. Estimates of natural gas prices are through November 1996 except electric utility prices that are through October 1996. Cumulatively for January through February 1997, the daily average rates for several data series remain close to those of 1996. (Comparing daily rates accounts for the fact that February 1996 had 29 days.) Daily total consumption for January through February is estimated to be 83 billion cubic feet per day, 1 percent higher than during the same period in 1996. Similarly, the estimate of average daily production of 53 billion cubic feet is 1.5 percent higher than in 1996, while daily net imports during the first 2 months of 1997 are virtually unchanged from 1996.
Exponential Approximations Using Fourier Series Partial Sums
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
Banerjee, Nana S.; Geer, James F.
1997-01-01
The problem of accurately reconstructing a piece-wise smooth, 2(pi)-periodic function f and its first few derivatives, given only a truncated Fourier series representation of f, is studied and solved. The reconstruction process is divided into two steps. In the first step, the first 2N + 1 Fourier coefficients of f are used to approximate the locations and magnitudes of the discontinuities in f and its first M derivatives. This is accomplished by first finding initial estimates of these quantities based on certain properties of Gibbs phenomenon, and then refining these estimates by fitting the asymptotic form of the Fourier coefficients to the given coefficients using a least-squares approach. It is conjectured that the locations of the singularities are approximated to within O(N(sup -M-2), and the associated jump of the k(sup th) derivative of f is approximated to within O(N(sup -M-l+k), as N approaches infinity, and the method is robust. These estimates are then used with a class of singular basis functions, which have certain 'built-in' singularities, to construct a new sequence of approximations to f. Each of these new approximations is the sum of a piecewise smooth function and a new Fourier series partial sum. When N is proportional to M, it is shown that these new approximations, and their derivatives, converge exponentially in the maximum norm to f, and its corresponding derivatives, except in the union of a finite number of small open intervals containing the points of singularity of f. The total measure of these intervals decreases exponentially to zero as M approaches infinity. The technique is illustrated with several examples.
Resolving the percentage of component terrains within single resolution elements
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
Marsh, S. E.; Switzer, P.; Kowalik, W. S.; Lyon, R. J. P.
1980-01-01
An approximate maximum likelihood technique employing a widely available discriminant analysis program is discussed that has been developed for resolving the percentage of component terrains within single resolution elements. The method uses all four channels of Landsat data simultaneously and does not require prior knowledge of the percentage of components in mixed pixels. It was tested in five cases that were chosen to represent mixtures of outcrop, soil and vegetation which would typically be encountered in geologic studies with Landsat data. For all five cases, the method proved to be superior to single band weighted average and linear regression techniques and permitted an estimate of the total area occupied by component terrains to within plus or minus 6% of the true area covered. Its major drawback is a consistent overestimation of the pixel component percent of the darker materials (vegetation) and an underestimation of the pixel component percent of the brighter materials (sand).
Percentage of microbeads in pelagic microplastics within Japanese coastal waters.
Isobe, Atsuhiko
2016-09-15
To compare the quantity of microbeads with the quantity of pelagic microplastics potentially degraded in the marine environment, samples were collected in coastal waters of Japan using neuston nets. Pelagic spherical microbeads were collected in the size range below 0.8mm at 9 of the 26 stations surveyed. The number of pelagic microbeads smaller than 0.8mm accounted for 9.7% of all microplastics collected at these 9 stations. This relatively large percentage results from a decrease in the abundance of microplastics smaller than 0.8mm in the upper ocean, as well as the regular loading of new microbeads from land areas, in this size range. In general, microbeads in personal care and cosmetic products are not always spherical, but rather are often a variety of irregular shapes. It is thus likely that this percentage is a conservative estimate, because of the irregular shapes of the remaining pelagic microbeads. PMID:27297592
Determining Percentage of Broken Rice by Using Image Analysis
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Aghayeghazvini, H.; Afzal, A.; Heidarisoltanabadi, M.; Malek, S.; Mollabashi, L.
During the rice milling process, a huller system is used to remove rough rice hull, then abrasive or frictional mill product whitened rice. In such machines adjustment and control, operation is important, because breakage percentage of rice is one main factor in determination of quality. Today's image processing techniques has become an increasingly popular and cost-effective method. The estimation of rice quality by image processing as a tool to determine broken percentage is the aim of this study. The images were acquired by a digital camera (1944 x 2592 pixels) from grains spread on corrugated plate, and then analyzed by scion software. Statistical analysis showed a significant correlation (greater than 0.9) between the results obtained from the proposed method and conventional method. This work indicates that the digital processing technique can be used for estimating broken grains.
Determining Percentage of Broken Rice by Using Image Analysis
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Aghayeghazvini, H.; Afzal, A.; Heidarisoltanabadi, M.; Malek, S.; Mollabashi, L.
During the rice milling process, a huller system is used to remove rough rice hull, then abrasive or frictional mill product whitened rice. In such machines adjustment and control, operation is important, because breakage percentage of rice is one main factor in determination of quality. Today’s image processing techniques has become an increasingly popular and cost-effective method. The estimation of rice quality by image processing as a tool to determine broken percentage is the aim of this study. The images were acquired by a digital camera (1944 x 2592 pixels) from grains spread on corrugated plate, and then analyzed by scion software. Statistical analysis showed a significant correlation (greater than 0.9) between the results obtained from the proposed method and conventional method. This work indicates that the digital processing technique can be used for estimating broken grains.
Optimal percentage of inhibitory synapses in multi-task learning.
Capano, Vittorio; Herrmann, Hans J; de Arcangelis, Lucilla
2015-01-01
Performing more tasks in parallel is a typical feature of complex brains. These are characterized by the coexistence of excitatory and inhibitory synapses, whose percentage in mammals is measured to have a typical value of 20-30%. Here we investigate parallel learning of more Boolean rules in neuronal networks. We find that multi-task learning results from the alternation of learning and forgetting of the individual rules. Interestingly, a fraction of 30% inhibitory synapses optimizes the overall performance, carving a complex backbone supporting information transmission with a minimal shortest path length. We show that 30% inhibitory synapses is the percentage maximizing the learning performance since it guarantees, at the same time, the network excitability necessary to express the response and the variability required to confine the employment of resources. PMID:25898781
7 CFR 989.257 - Final free and reserve percentages.
Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR
2013-01-01
... (sun-dried) Seedless 70 30 2005-06 Natural (sun-dried) Seedless 82.50 17.50 2006-07 Natural (sun-dried) Seedless 90 10 2007-08 Natural (sun-dried) Seedless 85 15 2008-09 Natural (sun-dried) Seedless 87 13 2009-10 Natural (sun-dried) Seedless 85 15 (b) The volume regulation percentages apply to acquisitions...
Increase in NRAS mutant allele percentage during metastatic melanoma progression.
Funck-Brentano, Elisa; Hélias-Rodzewicz, Zofia; Longvert, Christine; Mokhtari, Karima; Saiag, Philippe; Emile, Jean-François
2016-06-01
One-fifth of cutaneous melanomas have dominant gain-of-function mutations of the NRAS oncogene. We report the first two cases of increasing NRAS mutant allele frequency in melanoma metastases and show that the chromosomal mechanism of this homozygosity is an increased polysomy of chromosome 1. We observed an increase in NRAS mutant allele percentage (NRAS-MA%) in the metastatic melanoma progression from 2 patients with melanomas harbouring a NRAS mutation (p.Q61K in case 1 and p.Q61R in case 2). In case 1, we observed a NRAS-MA% increase from 18% within the first metastatic node to 81%, 92% and 85% respectively in the three subsequent metastases: lymph node, brain and subcutaneous metastases biopsied 1, 6 and 17 months, respectively, after the initial lymph node biopsy. In case 2, we observed an increase in NRAS-MA% from 40% within the primary melanoma to 63% within the metastatic lymph node. FISH analysis showed the same results in both cases: a frequent polysomy of chromosome 1 in metastasis samples with NRAS mutant allele percentage >60%, while most cells were disomic in the samples with well-balanced heterozygous mutations. The percentage of NRAS mutant allele may increase during metastatic progression and may be associated with chromosomal instability. Further studies are needed to evaluate the prognostic impact of the NRAS homozygous status and/or polyploidy in metastatic cutaneous melanomas. PMID:26990546
Information Technology and Disabilities, 1997.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
McNulty, Tom, Ed.
1997-01-01
Articles published during 1997 include: "The Multi-Disability Workstation for Small Libraries" (Dick Banks and Steve Noble); "Talking Books: Toward a Digital Model" (John Cookson and others); "World Wide Access: Focus on Libraries" (Sheryl Burgstahler); "The Virtual Library: Collaborative Data Exchange and Electronic Text Delivery" (Steve Noble);…
Osservazioni di Mercurio nel 1997.
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Giuntoli, M.
1999-08-01
The observations of Mercury received by the UAI Planet Section during 1997 are analyzed. Nine observers contributed 60 report forms, mainly concerning the January, April and July elongations of the planet. Several disk markings were detected, as well as bright cusps. Visual phase estimates showed a reverse Schroeter effect.
1996-12-01
This journal contains the Environmental Solutions 1997 Buyer`s Guide. It is a comprehensive resource for locating suppliers of environmental, health and safety products and services. Vendors are listed alphabetically, with complete mailing address, telephone and fax information, and by product or service category. Also included is a list of the products and services which of greatest interest in 1996.
Indigenous Affairs = Asuntos Indigenas, 1997.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Indigenous Affairs, 1997
1997-01-01
This document contains the three 1997 English-language issues of Indigenous Affairs and the three corresponding issues in Spanish. (The last two quarterly issues were combined.) These periodicals provide a resource on the history, current conditions, and struggles for self-determination and human rights of indigenous peoples around the world.…
Monthly energy review, August 1997
1997-08-01
The Monthly Energy Review for the month of August 1997, presents an overview of the Energy Information Administration`s recent monthly energy statistics. The statistics cover the major activities of U.S. production, consumption, trade, stocks, and prices for petroleum, natural gas, coal, electricity, and nuclear energy. Also included are international energy and thermal and metric conversion factors.
1997 Australian Rural Education Award.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Education in Rural Australia, 1997
1997-01-01
Nominees for the 1997 Australia Rural Education Award included a program that allowed rural students to follow a young man sailing around the world; a music, dance, and drama competition for rural students; a music camp; a bandicoot conservation project; an agricultural education program; and student documentation of the history of a local rural…
Theoretical Sum Frequency Generation Spectroscopy of Peptides.
Carr, Joshua K; Wang, Lu; Roy, Santanu; Skinner, James L
2015-07-23
Vibrational sum frequency generation (SFG) has become a very promising technique for the study of proteins at interfaces, and it has been applied to important systems such as anti-microbial peptides, ion channel proteins, and human islet amyloid polypeptide. Moreover, so-called "chiral" SFG techniques, which rely on polarization combinations that generate strong signals primarily for chiral molecules, have proven to be particularly discriminatory of protein secondary structure. In this work, we present a theoretical strategy for calculating protein amide I SFG spectra by combining line-shape theory with molecular dynamics simulations. We then apply this method to three model peptides, demonstrating the existence of a significant chiral SFG signal for peptides with chiral centers, and providing a framework for interpreting the results on the basis of the dependence of the SFG signal on the peptide orientation. We also examine the importance of dynamical and coupling effects. Finally, we suggest a simple method for determining a chromophore's orientation relative to the surface using ratios of experimental heterodyne-detected signals with different polarizations, and test this method using theoretical spectra. PMID:25203677
Theoretical Sum Frequency Generation Spectroscopy of Peptides
2015-01-01
Vibrational sum frequency generation (SFG) has become a very promising technique for the study of proteins at interfaces, and it has been applied to important systems such as anti-microbial peptides, ion channel proteins, and human islet amyloid polypeptide. Moreover, so-called “chiral” SFG techniques, which rely on polarization combinations that generate strong signals primarily for chiral molecules, have proven to be particularly discriminatory of protein secondary structure. In this work, we present a theoretical strategy for calculating protein amide I SFG spectra by combining line-shape theory with molecular dynamics simulations. We then apply this method to three model peptides, demonstrating the existence of a significant chiral SFG signal for peptides with chiral centers, and providing a framework for interpreting the results on the basis of the dependence of the SFG signal on the peptide orientation. We also examine the importance of dynamical and coupling effects. Finally, we suggest a simple method for determining a chromophore’s orientation relative to the surface using ratios of experimental heterodyne-detected signals with different polarizations, and test this method using theoretical spectra. PMID:25203677
Multireflection sum frequency generation vibrational spectroscopy.
Zhang, Chi; Jasensky, Joshua; Chen, Zhan
2015-08-18
We developed a multireflection data collection method in order to improve the signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) and sensitivity of sum frequency generation (SFG) spectroscopy, which we refer to as multireflection SFG, or MRSFG for short. To achieve MRSFG, a collinear laser beam propagation geometry was adopted and trapezoidal Dove prisms were used as sample substrates. An in-depth discussion on the signal and SNR in MRSFG was performed. We showed experimentally, with "m" total internal reflections in a Dove prism, MRSFG signal is ∼m times that of conventional SFG; SNR of the SFG signal-to-background is improved by a factor of >m(1/2) and
Meteorological Annual Report for 1997
Hunter, C.H.
1998-12-17
An analysis of meteorological data collected at the Savannah River Site (SRS) in 1997 shows that overall weather conditions for the year were relatively cool and wet. The average temperature for 1997 was 63.7 degree F which is about 1 degree F below the annual average for the 30-year period 1968-97. June 1997 had the lowest average temperature of any June in the 34 years for which temperature records are available at SRS ; moreover, the average temperature for the summer months (June, July, and August) was the third lowest for any summer on record. Conversely, the average temperature for March 1997 was the highest for any March in the 34-year record. Temperature extremes for 1997 ranged from a minimum of 18.6 degree F on January 18 to a maximum of 99.1 degree F on August 15.Wet weather during the last three months of the year was due to the development of a strong El Nino event (NOAA, 1998). Total rainfall for December 1997, 10.19 inches, was the highest for a December in the 46 year period of record for precipitation. Monthly rainfall was above average each month except March, May, and August. The greatest 24-hour rainfall during the year was 2.82 inches on December 24. Daily rainfall in excess of 2 inches occurred on April 28, June 28, and September 25. No snow was recorded.The annual average wind speed at the Central Climatology meteorology tower near N Area was 5.8 mph which is very nearly equal to the average wind speed at that station for the 7-year period 1991-97. The 1997 data also showed a slightly higher frequency of west to northwest winds and a slightly lower frequency of northeast winds than was observed in the 5-year period 1992-96. A winter storm which developed over the Mid-Atlantic States March 30-31 produced the most notable period of sustained strong winds. Daily and 15-minute average wind speeds of 15.3 miles per hour (mph) and 25.1 mph, respectively, were recorded at Central Climatology.Monthly average relative humidity for the year was lowest
Some comments on the rheologically critical melt percentage
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Takeda, Yoshi-Taka; Obata, Masaaki
2003-05-01
The concept of rheologically critical melt percentage (RCMP) originally proposed by Arzi [Tectonophysics 44 (1978) 173-184] for partially molten granitic rocks is re-examined. It is shown that there is no experimental support to show the presence of RCMP. The published experimental data suggest that the effective viscosity of partially molten granitic rocks is reduced rapidly and continuously with increasing melt fraction. It is also shown that the experimental data may be modeled by means of the upper bound behavior (the Voigt bound) of two-phase material by assuming a melt localization, which implies that there is no partitioning of strain between the solid and the melt.
Tuning sum rules with window functions for optical constant evaluation
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Rodríguez-de Marcos, Luis V.; Méndez, José A.; Larruquert, Juan I.
2016-07-01
Sum rules are a useful tool to evaluate the global consistency of a set of optical constants. We present a procedure to spectrally tune sum rules to evaluate the local consistency of optical constants. It enables enhancing the weight of a desired spectral range within the sum-rule integral. The procedure consists in multiplying the complex refractive index with an adapted function, which is named window function. Window functions are constructed through integration of Lorentz oscillators. The asymptotic decay of these window functions enables the derivation of a multiplicity of sum rules akin to the inertial sum rule, along with one modified version of f-sum rule. This multiplicity of sum rules combined with the free selection of the photon energy range provides a double way to tune the spectral contribution within the sum rule. Window functions were applied to reported data of SrF2 and of Al films in order to check data consistency over the spectrum. The use of window functions shows that the optical constants of SrF2 are consistent in a broad spectrum. Regarding Al, some spectral ranges are seen to present a lower consistency, even though the standard sum rules with no window function did not detect inconsistencies. Hence window functions are expected to be a helpful tool to evaluate the local consistency of optical constants.
Iterated binomial sums and their associated iterated integrals
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Ablinger, J.; Blümlein, J.; Raab, C. G.; Schneider, C.
2014-11-01
We consider finite iterated generalized harmonic sums weighted by the binomial binom{2k}{k} in numerators and denominators. A large class of these functions emerges in the calculation of massive Feynman diagrams with local operator insertions starting at 3-loop order in the coupling constant and extends the classes of the nested harmonic, generalized harmonic, and cyclotomic sums. The binomially weighted sums are associated by the Mellin transform to iterated integrals over square-root valued alphabets. The values of the sums for N → ∞ and the iterated integrals at x = 1 lead to new constants, extending the set of special numbers given by the multiple zeta values, the cyclotomic zeta values and special constants which emerge in the limit N → ∞ of generalized harmonic sums. We develop algorithms to obtain the Mellin representations of these sums in a systematic way. They are of importance for the derivation of the asymptotic expansion of these sums and their analytic continuation to N in {C}. The associated convolution relations are derived for real parameters and can therefore be used in a wider context, as, e.g., for multi-scale processes. We also derive algorithms to transform iterated integrals over root-valued alphabets into binomial sums. Using generating functions we study a few aspects of infinite (inverse) binomial sums.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Texas Education Agency, Austin.
This report presents results from the Texas Assessment of Academic Skills (TAAS) tests administered in the spring of 1997 and results from end of course tests in Algebra and Biology. Only a slight decrease in the percentage passing the eighth-grade social studies test marred the otherwise across-the-board rise in percentages meeting minimum…
The use of virtual environments for percentage view analysis.
Schofield, Damian; Cox, Christopher J B
2005-09-01
It is recognised that Visual Impact Assessment (VIA), unlike many other aspects of Environmental Impact Assessments (EIA), relies less upon measurement than upon experience and judgement. Hence, it is necessary for a more structured and consistent approach towards VIA, reducing the amount of bias and subjectivity. For proposed developments, there are very few quantitative techniques for the evaluation of visibility, and these existing methods can be highly inaccurate and time consuming. Percentage view changes are one of the few quantitative techniques, and the use of computer technology can reduce the inaccuracy and the time spent evaluating the visibility of either existing or proposed developments. For over 10 years, research work undertaken by the authors at the University of Nottingham has employed Computer Graphics (CG) and Virtual Reality (VR) in civilian and industrial contexts for environmental planning, design visualisation, accident reconstruction, risk analysis, data visualisation and training simulators. This paper describes a method to quantitatively assess the visual impact of proposed developments on the landscape using CG techniques. This method allows the determination of accurate percentage view changes with the use of a computer-generated model of the environment and the application of specialist software that has been developed at the University of Nottingham. The principles are easy to understand and therefore planners, authorisation agencies and members of the public can use and understand the results. A case study is shown to demonstrate the application and the capabilities of the technology. PMID:15946785
Annual report to Congress 1997
1998-07-01
Section 205 of the Department of Energy Organization Act of 1977 established the Energy Information Administration (EIA). One of the mandates in this legislation is that EIA prepare for Congress an annual report summarizing both activities and information collected and published. EIA`s major 1997 accomplishments are profiled in the body of this edition of the Annual Report to Congress. Appendix A contains abstracts of significant reports issued by EIA in 1997, and a chart of all titles and a list of all feature articles published during the year. Appendix B contains graphs of selected performance measures. Appendix C lists contact information for EIA subject matter specialists. Appendix D lists the major laws which form the basis of EIA`s legislative mandate.