Science.gov

Sample records for 2 standard deviations

  1. The Standard Deviation of Launch Vehicle Environments

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Yunis, Isam

    2005-01-01

    Statistical analysis is used in the development of the launch vehicle environments of acoustics, vibrations, and shock. The standard deviation of these environments is critical to accurate statistical extrema. However, often very little data exists to define the standard deviation and it is better to use a typical standard deviation than one derived from a few measurements. This paper uses Space Shuttle and expendable launch vehicle flight data to define a typical standard deviation for acoustics and vibrations. The results suggest that 3dB is a conservative and reasonable standard deviation for the source environment and the payload environment.

  2. A Note on Standard Deviation and Standard Error

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hassani, Hossein; Ghodsi, Mansoureh; Howell, Gareth

    2010-01-01

    Many students confuse the standard deviation and standard error of the mean and are unsure which, if either, to use in presenting data. In this article, we endeavour to address these questions and cover some related ambiguities about these quantities.

  3. Comparison of estimators of standard deviation for hydrologic time series.

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Tasker, Gary D.; Gilroy, E.J.

    1982-01-01

    Unbiasing factors as a function of serial correlation, rho, and sample size, n for the sample standard deviation of a lag one autoregressive model were generated by random number simulation. Monte Carlo experiments were used to compare the performance of several alternative methods for estimating the standard deviation sigma of a lag one autoregressive model in terms of bias, root mean square error, probability of underestimation, and expected opportunity design loss. -from Authors

  4. 2 CFR 170.115 - Deviations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 2 Grants and Agreements 1 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Deviations. 170.115 Section 170.115 Grants and Agreements Office of Management and Budget Guidance for Grants and Agreements OFFICE OF MANAGEMENT AND BUDGET GOVERNMENTWIDE GUIDANCE FOR GRANTS AND AGREEMENTS NATIONAL POLICY REQUIREMENTS...

  5. 2 CFR 170.115 - Deviations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 2 Grants and Agreements 1 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Deviations. 170.115 Section 170.115 Grants and Agreements Office of Management and Budget Guidance for Grants and Agreements OFFICE OF MANAGEMENT AND BUDGET GOVERNMENTWIDE GUIDANCE FOR GRANTS AND AGREEMENTS REPORTING SUBAWARD AND...

  6. 2 CFR 170.115 - Deviations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 2 Grants and Agreements 1 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Deviations. 170.115 Section 170.115 Grants and Agreements Office of Management and Budget Guidance for Grants and Agreements OFFICE OF MANAGEMENT AND BUDGET GOVERNMENTWIDE GUIDANCE FOR GRANTS AND AGREEMENTS NATIONAL POLICY REQUIREMENTS...

  7. 2 CFR 25.115 - Deviations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 2 Grants and Agreements 1 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Deviations. 25.115 Section 25.115 Grants and Agreements Office of Management and Budget Guidance for Grants and Agreements OFFICE OF MANAGEMENT AND BUDGET GOVERNMENTWIDE GUIDANCE FOR GRANTS AND AGREEMENTS PRE-AWARD RESPONSIBILITIES UNIVERSAL IDENTIFIER AND...

  8. 2 CFR 170.115 - Deviations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 2 Grants and Agreements 1 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Deviations. 170.115 Section 170.115 Grants and Agreements Office of Management and Budget Guidance for Grants and Agreements OFFICE OF MANAGEMENT AND BUDGET GOVERNMENTWIDE GUIDANCE FOR GRANTS AND AGREEMENTS Reserved REPORTING SUBAWARD AND...

  9. 2 CFR 25.115 - Deviations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 2 Grants and Agreements 1 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Deviations. 25.115 Section 25.115 Grants and Agreements Office of Management and Budget Guidance for Grants and Agreements OFFICE OF MANAGEMENT AND BUDGET GOVERNMENTWIDE GUIDANCE FOR GRANTS AND AGREEMENTS Reserved UNIVERSAL IDENTIFIER AND CENTRAL...

  10. 2 CFR 25.115 - Deviations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 2 Grants and Agreements 1 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Deviations. 25.115 Section 25.115 Grants and Agreements Office of Management and Budget Guidance for Grants and Agreements OFFICE OF MANAGEMENT AND BUDGET GOVERNMENTWIDE GUIDANCE FOR GRANTS AND AGREEMENTS PRE-AWARD RESPONSIBILITIES UNIVERSAL IDENTIFIER AND...

  11. 2 CFR 25.115 - Deviations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 2 Grants and Agreements 1 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Deviations. 25.115 Section 25.115 Grants and Agreements Office of Management and Budget Guidance for Grants and Agreements OFFICE OF MANAGEMENT AND BUDGET GOVERNMENTWIDE GUIDANCE FOR GRANTS AND AGREEMENTS Pre-award responsibilities UNIVERSAL IDENTIFIER AND...

  12. Image contrast enhancement based on a local standard deviation model

    SciTech Connect

    Chang, Dah-Chung; Wu, Wen-Rong

    1996-12-31

    The adaptive contrast enhancement (ACE) algorithm is a widely used image enhancement method, which needs a contrast gain to adjust high frequency components of an image. In the literature, the gain is usually inversely proportional to the local standard deviation (LSD) or is a constant. But these cause two problems in practical applications, i.e., noise overenhancement and ringing artifact. In this paper a new gain is developed based on Hunt`s Gaussian image model to prevent the two defects. The new gain is a nonlinear function of LSD and has the desired characteristic emphasizing the LSD regions in which details are concentrated. We have applied the new ACE algorithm to chest x-ray images and the simulations show the effectiveness of the proposed algorithm.

  13. Set standard deviation, repeatability and offset of absolute gravimeter A10-008

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Schmerge, D.; Francis, O.

    2006-01-01

    The set standard deviation, repeatability and offset of absolute gravimeter A10-008 were assessed at the Walferdange Underground Laboratory for Geodynamics (WULG) in Luxembourg. Analysis of the data indicates that the instrument performed within the specifications of the manufacturer. For A10-008, the average set standard deviation was (1.6 0.6) ??Gal (1Gal ??? 1 cm s -2), the average repeatability was (2.9 1.5) ??Gal, and the average offset compared to absolute gravimeter FG5-216 was (3.2 3.5) ??Gal. ?? 2006 BIPM and IOP Publishing Ltd.

  14. Set standard deviation, repeatability and offset of absolute gravimeter A10-008

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Schmerge, D.; Francis, O.

    2006-10-01

    The set standard deviation, repeatability and offset of absolute gravimeter A10-008 were assessed at the Walferdange Underground Laboratory for Geodynamics (WULG) in Luxembourg. Analysis of the data indicates that the instrument performed within the specifications of the manufacturer. For A10-008, the average set standard deviation was (1.6 ± 0.6) µGal (1Gal ? 1 cm s-2), the average repeatability was (2.9 ± 1.5) µGal, and the average offset compared to absolute gravimeter FG5-216 was (3.2 ± 3.5) µGal.

  15. 75 FR 383 - Canned Pacific Salmon Deviating From Identity Standard; Extension of Temporary Permit for Market...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-01-05

    ...FDA-2008-N-0119] Canned Pacific Salmon Deviating From Identity Standard...as ``skinless and boneless sockeye salmon'' that deviate from the U.S. standard of identity for canned Pacific salmon. The extension will allow the...

  16. 75 FR 67093 - Iceberg Water Deviating From Identity Standard; Temporary Permit for Market Testing

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-11-01

    ... SERVICES Food and Drug Administration Iceberg Water Deviating From Identity Standard; Temporary Permit for... Administration (FDA) is announcing that a temporary permit has been issued to Iceberg Canada Corp., to market test a product designated as ``GLACE Rare Iceberg Water'' that deviates from the U.S. standard...

  17. Scatter-Reducing Sounding Filtration Using a Genetic Algorithm and Mean Monthly Standard Deviation

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Mandrake, Lukas

    2013-01-01

    Retrieval algorithms like that used by the Orbiting Carbon Observatory (OCO)-2 mission generate massive quantities of data of varying quality and reliability. A computationally efficient, simple method of labeling problematic datapoints or predicting soundings that will fail is required for basic operation, given that only 6% of the retrieved data may be operationally processed. This method automatically obtains a filter designed to reduce scatter based on a small number of input features. Most machine-learning filter construction algorithms attempt to predict error in the CO2 value. By using a surrogate goal of Mean Monthly STDEV, the goal is to reduce the retrieved CO2 scatter rather than solving the harder problem of reducing CO2 error. This lends itself to improved interpretability and performance. This software reduces the scatter of retrieved CO2 values globally based on a minimum number of input features. It can be used as a prefilter to reduce the number of soundings requested, or as a post-filter to label data quality. The use of the MMS (Mean Monthly Standard deviation) provides a much cleaner, clearer filter than the standard ABS(CO2-truth) metrics previously employed by competitor methods. The software's main strength lies in a clearer (i.e., fewer features required) filter that more efficiently reduces scatter in retrieved CO2 rather than focusing on the more complex (and easily removed) bias issues.

  18. 75 FR 383 - Canned Pacific Salmon Deviating From Identity Standard; Extension of Temporary Permit for Market...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-01-05

    ... 161.170)) (73 FR 12180, March 6, 2008). The agency issued the permit to facilitate market testing of a... original permit (73 FR 12180, March 6, 2008). FDA is inviting interested persons to participate in the... SERVICES Food and Drug Administration Canned Pacific Salmon Deviating From Identity Standard; Extension...

  19. 78 FR 2273 - Canned Tuna Deviating From Identity Standard; Temporary Permit for Market Testing

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-01-10

    ...The Food and Drug Administration (FDA or we) received an application for a temporary permit from Chicken of the Sea International (the applicant). We are announcing that we have issued a temporary permit to the applicant to market test products (designated as ``no drain canned tuna'' products) that deviate from the U.S. standard of identity for canned tuna. The purpose of the temporary permit......

  20. An estimator for the standard deviation of a natural frequency. I.

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Schiff, A. J.; Bogdanoff, J. L.

    1971-01-01

    A brief review of mean-square approximate systems is given. The case in which the masses are deterministic is considered first in the derivation of an estimator for the upper bound of the standard deviation of a natural frequency. Two examples presented include a two-degree-of-freedom system and a case in which the disorder in the springs is perfectly correlated. For purposes of comparison, a Monte Carlo simulation was done on a digital computer.

  1. A passive autofocus system by using standard deviation of the image on a liquid lens

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Rasti, Pejman; Kesküla, Arko; Haus, Henry; Schlaak, Helmut F.; Anbarjafari, Gholamreza; Aabloo, Alvo; Kiefer, Rudolf

    2015-04-01

    Today most of applications have a small camera such as cell phones, tablets and medical devices. A micro lens is required in order to reduce the size of the devices. In this paper an auto focus system is used in order to find the best position of a liquid lens without any active components such as ultrasonic or infrared. In fact a passive auto focus system by using standard deviation of the images on a liquid lens which consist of a Dielectric Elastomer Actuator (DEA) membrane between oil and water is proposed.

  2. Standard Deviation of Spatially-Averaged Surface Cross Section Data from the TRMM Precipitation Radar

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Meneghini, Robert; Jones, Jeffrey A.

    2010-01-01

    We investigate the spatial variability of the normalized radar cross section of the surface (NRCS or Sigma(sup 0)) derived from measurements of the TRMM Precipitation Radar (PR) for the period from 1998 to 2009. The purpose of the study is to understand the way in which the sample standard deviation of the Sigma(sup 0) data changes as a function of spatial resolution, incidence angle, and surface type (land/ocean). The results have implications regarding the accuracy by which the path integrated attenuation from precipitation can be inferred by the use of surface scattering properties.

  3. Odds per Adjusted Standard Deviation: Comparing Strengths of Associations for Risk Factors Measured on Different Scales and Across Diseases and Populations.

    PubMed

    Hopper, John L

    2015-11-15

    How can the "strengths" of risk factors, in the sense of how well they discriminate cases from controls, be compared when they are measured on different scales such as continuous, binary, and integer? Given that risk estimates take into account other fitted and design-related factors-and that is how risk gradients are interpreted-so should the presentation of risk gradients. Therefore, for each risk factor X0, I propose using appropriate regression techniques to derive from appropriate population data the best fitting relationship between the mean of X0 and all the other covariates fitted in the model or adjusted for by design (X1, X2,?…?, Xn). The odds per adjusted standard deviation (OPERA) presents the risk association for X0 in terms of the change in risk per s = standard deviation of X0 adjusted for X1, X2,?…?, Xn, rather than the unadjusted standard deviation of X0 itself. If the increased risk is relative risk (RR)-fold over A adjusted standard deviations, then OPERA = exp[ln(RR)/A] = RR(s). This unifying approach is illustrated by considering breast cancer and published risk estimates. OPERA estimates are by definition independent and can be used to compare the predictive strengths of risk factors across diseases and populations. PMID:26520360

  4. Transverse flowmetry of carbon particles based on photoacoustic Doppler standard deviation using an auto-correlation method

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lu, Tao; Sun, Li-jun

    2015-05-01

    In order to measure the flow velocity of carbon particle suspension perpendicular to the receiving axis of ultrasound transducer, the standard deviation of photoacoustic Doppler frequency spectrum is used to estimate the bandwidth broadening, and the spectrum standard deviation is calculated by an auto-correlation method. A 532 nm pulsed laser with the repetition rate of 20 Hz is used as a pumping source to generate photoacoustic signal. The photoacoustic signals are detected using a focused PZT ultrasound transducer with the central frequency of 10 MHz. The suspension of carbon particles is driven by a syringe pump. The complex photoacoustic signal is calculated by Hilbert transformation from time domain signal before auto-correlation. The standard deviation of the Doppler bandwidth broadening is calculated by averaging the auto-correlation results of several individual A scans. The feasibility of the proposed method is demonstrated by measuring the spectrum standard deviation of the transversal carbon particle flow from 5.0 mm/s to 8.4 mm/s. The experimental results show that the auto-correlation result is approximately linearly distributed within the measuring range.

  5. Deviation from Universality in Collisions of Ultracold [superscript 6] Li[subscript 2] Molecules

    E-print Network

    Heo, Myoung-Sun

    Collisions of [superscript 6]Li[subscript 2] molecules with free [superscript 6]Li atoms reveal a striking deviation from universal predictions based on long-range van der Waals interactions. Li[subscript 2] closed-channel ...

  6. Numerical studies on a novel damage localization feature of cantilever beams using standard deviation and curvature method

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    An, Yonghui; Ou, Jinping

    2012-04-01

    In this paper, taking the cantilever beams as example, a novel and simple damage localization approach is proposed: the Curvature Difference Probability Method of Waveform Logarithms of Standard Deviation (CDPWLSD). Firstly, the feature, the common Logarithms of Standard Deviation (LSD) for the response signals before and after damage should be computed at every measured node. Then, the curvature changes of the waveform LSD are selected as candidates for the potentially damaged locations. Lastly, the probability of every potentially damaged element presenting in multiple identifications is considered to determine the finally damaged elements. Numerical results of both single and multiple damage cases show that the proposed approach can be used to locate damage very well. And it is still effective even if the noise level is up to 15%.

  7. Derivation of wind velocity standard deviation values in the urban inertial sublayer from observations in the roughness sublayer

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Falabino, Simona; Trini Castelli, Silvia

    2014-05-01

    The atmospheric turbulence in the surface layer over urban and suburban areas is affected by the presence of roughness elements. The roughness sublayer (RSL) extends from the ground up to about two to five times the mean building height of the area. Within RSL, turbulence is inhomogeneous and heat and momentum turbulent fluxes are not constant with height, therefore the Monin-Obukhov Similarity Theory (MOST) is not suitable and the surface-layer parameters (friction velocity, stability parameter) are not well defined. Instead, in the inertial sublayer (ISL) above the RSL, the turbulent fluxes are constant and the MOST is still considered valid. In air pollution models, observed surface-layer parameters available from data collected at urban or suburban stations might be used as inputs. Therefore, often RSL values are used in the parameterizations of the turbulence variables, such as the wind velocity standard deviations, as they were representative of the ISL, possibly leading to a not appropriate application of the MOST. We investigate whether it is possible to derive suitable values of the wind velocity standard deviations in the ISL using RLS observed parameters, through the analysis of a sonic anemometer dataset collected in a suburban site at three levels, two in the RSL and one in the ISL. The ISL wind velocity standard deviation are evaluated as similarity-like analytical functions of the RSL friction velocity and stability parameter. The RSL surface parameters are found to be satisfying scaling parameters and the empirical coefficients in the analytical formulation are estimated from the experimental data. Then the new analytical functions for wind velocity standard deviation are tested and verified against data collected during experiments in both homogeneous and heterogeneous conditions. Such approach could be useful in air pollution modeling over urban/suburban areas when ISL data are not available.

  8. 7 CFR 1724.52 - Permitted deviations from RUS construction standards.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ...financing. (a) Structures for raptor protection. (1) RUS standard...frequented by eagles and other large raptors to protect such birds from electric shock due to physical...contact with energized wires. Where raptor protection in the...

  9. 75 FR 67093 - Iceberg Water Deviating From Identity Standard; Temporary Permit for Market Testing

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-11-01

    ...standard of identity for bottled water (Sec. 165.110 (21 CFR 165...in that the source of the water is an iceberg. The test product...information panel of the labels will bear nutrition labeling in accordance...21 CFR 101.9. The bottled water must be manufactured in...

  10. Comparison of pooled standard deviation and standardized-t bootstrap methods for estimating uncertainty about average methane emission from rice cultivation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kang, Namgoo; Jung, Min-Ho; Jeong, Hyun-Cheol; Lee, Yung-Seop

    2015-06-01

    The general sample standard deviation and the Monte-Carlo methods as an estimate of confidence interval is frequently being used for estimates of uncertainties with regard to greenhouse gas emission, based on the critical assumption that a given data set follows a normal (Gaussian) or statistically known probability distribution. However, uncertainty estimated using those methods are severely limited in practical applications where it is challenging to assume the probability distribution of a data set or where the real data distribution form appears to deviate significantly from statistically known probability distribution models. In order to solve these issues encountered especially in reasonable estimation of uncertainty about the average of greenhouse gas emission, we present two statistical methods, the pooled standard deviation method (PSDM) and the standardized-t bootstrap method (STBM) based upon statistical theories. We also report interesting results of the uncertainties about the average of a data set of methane (CH4) emission from rice cultivation under the four different irrigation conditions in Korea, measured by gas sampling and subsequent gas analysis. Results from the applications of the PSDM and the STBM to these rice cultivation methane emission data sets clearly demonstrate that the uncertainties estimated by the PSDM were significantly smaller than those by the STBM. We found that the PSDM needs to be adopted in many cases where a data probability distribution form appears to follow an assumed normal distribution with both spatial and temporal variations taken into account. However, the STBM is a more appropriate method widely applicable to practical situations where it is realistically impossible with the given data set to reasonably assume or determine a probability distribution model with a data set showing evidence of fairly asymmetric distribution but severely deviating from known probability distribution models.

  11. Deviations from the O3-NO-NO2 photo-stationary state in Delhi, India

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chate, Dilip M.; Ghude, Sachin D.; Beig, Gurfan; Mahajan, Anoop S.; Jena, Chinmay; Srinivas, Reka; Dahiya, Anita; Kumar, Nandini

    2014-10-01

    A network of air quality and weather monitoring stations was set-up across Delhi, India, under the System of Air quality Forecasting And Research (SAFAR) project. The objective of this network was to enable better understanding of air quality in terms of atmospheric chemistry, emissions and forecasting in Delhi, one of the largest metropolises in the world. In this study, we focus on the O3-NO-NO2-triad Photo Stationary State (PSS), and investigate site-specific deviations in the Leighton Ratio (?) during a short period in 2012 (1-31 December). Large variations were observed in the NO (<1 ppbv to a peak of 295 ppbv), NO2 (<2 ppbv-47 ppbv) and O3 (4 ppbv-95 ppbv) mixing ratios, all of which showed strong diurnal variation. The ? values showed large deviations from unity over the measurement period, with mostly negative deviations (? < 1), showing that the air masses were dominated by local sources of NOx and that the PSS was not achieved. Positive deviations (? > 1) were also observed occasionally, and these data were used to estimate the total peroxy radical (PO2) mixing ratios. This is the first estimate of PO2 reported for the city of Delhi and compares well with the results in the literature.

  12. Deviation of light curves of gamma-ray burst pulses from standard forms due to the curvature effect of spherical fireballs or uniform jets

    E-print Network

    Y. -P. Qin; R. -J. Lu

    2005-08-25

    As revealed previously, under the assumption that some pulses of gamma-ray bursts are produced by shocks in spherical fireballs or uniform jets of large opening angles, there exists a standard decay form of the profile of pulses arising from very narrow or suddenly dimming local (or intrinsic) pulses due to the relativistic curvature effect (the Doppler effect over the spherical shell surface). Profiles of pulses arising from other local pulses were previously found to possess a reverse S-feature deviation from the standard decay form. We show in this paper that, in addition to the standard decay form shown in Qin et al. (2004), there exists a marginal decay curve associated with a local $\\delta$ function pulse with a mono-color radiation. We employ the sample of Kocevski et al. (2003) to check this prediction and find that the phenomenon of the reverse S-feature is common, when compared with both the standard decay form and the marginal decay curve. We accordingly propose to take the marginal decay curve (whose function is simple) as a criteria to check if an observed pulse could be taken as a candidate suffered from the curvature effect. We introduce two quantities $A_1$ and $A_2$ to describe the mentioned deviations within and beyond the $FWHM$ position of the decay phase, respectively. The values of $A_1$ and $A_2$ of pulses of the sample are calculated, and the result suggests that for most of these pulses their corresponding local pulses might contain a long decay time relative to the time scale of the curvature effect.

  13. The recursive combination filter approach of pre-processing for the estimation of standard deviation of RR series.

    PubMed

    Mishra, Alok; Swati, D

    2015-09-01

    Variation in the interval between the R-R peaks of the electrocardiogram represents the modulation of the cardiac oscillations by the autonomic nervous system. This variation is contaminated by anomalous signals called ectopic beats, artefacts or noise which mask the true behaviour of heart rate variability. In this paper, we have proposed a combination filter of recursive impulse rejection filter and recursive 20 % filter, with recursive application and preference of replacement over removal of abnormal beats to improve the pre-processing of the inter-beat intervals. We have tested this novel recursive combinational method with median method replacement to estimate the standard deviation of normal to normal (SDNN) beat intervals of congestive heart failure (CHF) and normal sinus rhythm subjects. This work discusses the improvement in pre-processing over single use of impulse rejection filter and removal of abnormal beats for heart rate variability for the estimation of SDNN and Poncaré plot descriptors ([Formula: see text], [Formula: see text], and [Formula: see text]) in detail. We have found the 22 ms value of SDNN and 36 ms value of [Formula: see text] descriptor of Poincaré plot as clinical indicators in discriminating the normal cases from CHF cases. The pre-processing is also useful in calculation of Lyapunov exponent which is a nonlinear index as Lyapunov exponents calculated after proposed pre-processing modified in a way that it start following the notion of less complex behaviour of diseased states. PMID:26104469

  14. Deviation from Universality in Collisions of Ultracold $^6$Li$_2$ Molecules

    E-print Network

    Wang, Tout T; Rvachov, Timur M; Cotta, Dylan A; Ketterle, Wolfgang

    2013-01-01

    Collisions of $^6$Li$_2$ molecules reveal a striking deviation from universal predictions based on long-range van der Waals interactions. Li$_2$ closed-channel molecules are formed in the highest vibrational state near a narrow Feshbach resonance, and decay via two-body collisions with Li$_2$, Li, and Na. For Li$_2$+Li$_2$ and Li$_2$+Na, the decay rates agree with the universal predictions of the quantum Langevin model. In contrast, the rate for Li$_2$+Li is exceptionally small, with an upper bound ten times smaller than the universal prediction. This can be explained by the low density of available decay states in systems of light atoms [G. Qu\\'em\\'ener, J.-M. Launay, and P. Honvault, Phys. Rev. A 75, 050701 (2007)], for which such collisions have not been studied before.

  15. Surface composition deviation of Cu2ZnSnS4 derivative powdered samples

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Harel, S.; Guillot-Deudon, C.; Choubrac, L.; Hamon, J.; Lafond, A.

    2014-06-01

    Powdered samples of Cu2ZnSnS4 derivatives prepared through a solid-state route were investigated by both bulk (electron dispersive X-ray spectroscopy) and surface-sensitive (X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy) methods. We observe a deviation in composition between the surface and the bulk for all non-stoichiometric samples (both Cu-poor and Cu-rich). This behavior has already been observed for slightly Cu-poor CZTS thin films and is reminiscent of that of CIGSe compounds.

  16. Calculating the interindividual geometric standard deviation for use in the integrated exposure uptake biokinetic model for lead in children.

    PubMed Central

    Griffin, S; Marcus, A; Schulz, T; Walker, S

    1999-01-01

    The integrated exposure uptake biokinetic (IEUBK) model, recommended for use by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency at residential Superfund sites to predict potential risks to children from lead exposure and to establish lead remediation levels, requires an interindividual geometric standard deviation (GSDi) as an essential input parameter. The GSDi quantifies the variability of blood lead concentrations for children exposed to similar environmental concentrations of lead. Estimates of potential risks are directly related to the GSDi, and therefore the GSDi directly impacts the scope of remediation at Superfund sites. Site-specific GSDi can be calculated for sites where blood lead and environmental lead have been measured. This paper uses data from blood and environmental lead studies conducted at the Bingham Creek and Sandy, Utah, Superfund sites to calculate GSDi using regression modeling, box modeling, and structural equation modeling. GSDis were calculated using various methods for treating values below the analytical method detection and quantitation limits. Treatment of nonquantifiable blood lead concentrations affected the GSDi more than the statistical method used to calculate the GSDi. For any given treatment, the different statistical methods produced similar GSDis. Because of the uncertainties associated with data in the blood lead studies, we recommend that a range of GSDis be used when analyzing site-specific risks associated with exposure to environmental lead instead of a single estimate. Because the different statistical methods produce similar GSDis, we recommend a simple procedure to calculate site-specific GSDi from a scientifically sound blood and environmental lead study. Images Figure 1 PMID:10339449

  17. Measuring the deviation of the 2-3 lepton mixing from maximal with atmospheric neutrinos

    SciTech Connect

    Gonzalez-Garcia, M.C.; Maltoni, M.; Smirnov, A.Yu.

    2004-11-01

    The measurement of the deviation of the 2-3 leptonic mixing from maximal, D{sub 23}{identical_to}1/2-sin{sup 2}{theta}{sub 23}, is one of the key issues for understanding the origin of the neutrino masses and mixing. In the 3{nu} context we study the dependence of various observables in the atmospheric neutrinos on D{sub 23}. We perform the global 3{nu}-analysis of the atmospheric and reactor neutrino data taking into account the effects of both the oscillations driven by the solar parameters ({delta}m{sub 21}{sup 2} and {theta}{sub 12}) and the 1-3 mixing. The departure from the one-dominant mass scale approximation results into the shift of the 2-3 mixing from maximal by {delta}sin{sup 2}{theta}{sub 23}{approx_equal}0.04, so that D{sub 23}{approx}0.04{+-}0.07 (1{sigma}). Though the value of the shift is not statistically significant, the tendency of the allowed region to move towards smaller values of sin{sup 2}{theta}{sub 23} is robust. The shift is induced by the excess of the e-like events in the sub-GeV sample. We show that future large scale water Cherenkov detectors can determine D{sub 23} with accuracy of a few percent, comparable with the sensitivity of future long-baseline experiments. Moreover, the atmospheric neutrinos will provide unique information on the sign of the deviation (octant of {theta}{sub 23})

  18. Low-energy proton stopping power of N2, O2 and water vapor and deviations from Bragg's rule

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Xu, Y. J.; Khandelwal, G. S.; Wilson, J. W.

    1984-01-01

    A modified local plasma model, based on the works of Lindhard and Winther; and Bethe, Brown, and Walske, is established. The Gordon-Kim model for molecular electron density is used to calculate stopping power of N2, O2, and water vapor for protons of energy ranging from 40 keV to 2.5 MeV, resulting in good agreement with experimental data. Deviations from Bragg's rule are evaluated and are discussed under the present theoretical model.

  19. Arizona Academic Standards, Grade 2

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Arizona Department of Education, 2009

    2009-01-01

    This publication contains Arizona public schools' academic standards for grade 2. The contents of this document include the following: (1) The Arts Standard 2006--Grade 2; (2) Comprehensive Health Education/Physical Activity Standards 1997--Foundations (Grades 1-3); (3) Foreign and Native Language Standards 1997--Foundations (Grades 1-3); (4)…

  20. The Direct Problem given the orbit, what is the force? Lemma 10-11: Parabolic approximation -deviation t2

    E-print Network

    Huggett, Nicholas

    Kepler II Centripetal Force Prop 1: 'if' - polygon approximation Prop 2-3: 'only if' - inscribed polygonThe Direct Problem ­ given the orbit, what is the force? Lemma 10-11: Parabolic approximation - deviation f Wren's Problem: Kepler I 1/r2 Prop 11-14: f 1/r2 conic orbit with force center at focus

  1. On using an approximate noncentral t-distribution in determining a one-side upper limit for future sample relative reproducibility standard deviations.

    PubMed

    McClure, Foster D; Lee, Jung K

    2007-01-01

    For future sample relative reproducibility standard deviations (RSD(R)), collaboratively obtained under a completely randomized model (CRM), a new formula for determining a one-tailed 100p% upper limit (kappap) for such RSD(R) values was developed based on an approximate noncentral t-distribution with degrees of freedom obtained using Satterthwaite's adjustment. The accuracy of kappap was assessed by comparing kappap and its probability levels with similar values associated with a Monte Carlo simulation and with those obtained using another formula (gammap) that was developed for the same purpose but based on a normal approximation. PMID:17474527

  2. Deviations from the $1/r^2$ Newton law due to extra dimensions

    E-print Network

    A. Kehagias; K. Sfetsos

    1999-12-13

    We systematically examine corrections to the gravitational inverse square law, which are due to compactified extra dimensions. We find the induced Yukawa-type potentials for which we calculate the strength \\alpha and range. In general the range of the Yukawa correction is given by the wavelength of the lightest Kaluza-Klein state and its strength, relative to the standard gravitational potential, by the corresponding degeneracy. In particular, when n extra dimensions are compactified on an n-torus, we find that the strength of the potential is \\alpha=2n, whereas the compactification on an n-sphere gives \\alpha= n+1. For Calabi-Yau compactifications the strength can be at most \\alpha=20.

  3. Amino Atom Atom Number Minimum Maximum Average Standard Acid Name Type of Shifts Shift Shift Shift Deviation

    E-print Network

    HG3 H 799 -0.22 2.54 1.58 0.24 ARG HD2 H 811 1.81 3.85 3.13 0.20 ARG HD3 H 805 1.81 3.70 3.14 0.26 3.28 2.31 0.30 GLN HG3 H 679 0.26 3.28 2.32 0.27 GLN HE21 H 475 5.45 9.14 7.11 0.48 GLN HE22 H 475 5.92 2.05 0.21 GLU HG2 H 1147 0.85 3.20 2.32 0.22 GLU HG3 H 1140 0.66 3.14 2.33 0.21 GLU C C 405 169

  4. 41 CFR 102-2.100 - Must agencies provide GSA with a follow-up analysis of their experience in deviating from the FMR?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...with a follow-up analysis of their experience in deviating from the FMR? 102-2...with a follow-up analysis of their experience in deviating from the FMR? Yes...102-2.90) to describe their experiences in using a...

  5. 14 CFR 21.609 - Approval for deviation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ...609 Approval for deviation. (a) Each manufacturer who requests approval to deviate from any performance standard of a TSO shall show that the standards from which a deviation is requested are compensated for by factors or design features...

  6. 14 CFR 21.609 - Approval for deviation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ...609 Approval for deviation. (a) Each manufacturer who requests approval to deviate from any performance standard of a TSO shall show that the standards from which a deviation is requested are compensated for by factors or design features...

  7. Autocorrelation standard deviation and root mean square frequency analysis of polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cell to monitor for hydrogen and air undersupply

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kim, Joo Gon; Mukherjee, Santanu; Bates, Alex; Zickel, Benjamin; Park, Sam; Son, Byung Rak; Choi, Jae Sung; Kwon, Osung; Lee, Dong Ha; Chung, Hyun-Youl

    2015-12-01

    Proton exchange membrane fuel cells are a promising energy conversion device which can help to solve urgent environmental and economic problems. Among the various types of fuel cells, the air breathing proton exchange membrane fuel cell, which minimizes the balance of plant, has drawn a lot of attention due to its superior energy density. In this study a compact, air breathing, proton exchange membrane fuel cell based on Nafion and a Pt/C membrane electrode assembly was designed. The fuel cell was tested using a Scribner Associates 850e fuel cell test station. Specifically, the hydrogen fuel and oxygen starvation of the fuel cell were accurately and systematically tested and analyzed using a frequency analysis method which can analyze the input and output frequency. The analysis of the frequency variation under a fuel starvation condition was done using RMSF (root mean square frequency) and ACSD (autocorrelation standard deviation). The study reveals two significant results: first, the fuel starvations show entirely different phenomenon in both RMSF and ACSD and second, the results of the Autocorrelation show clearer results for fuel starvation detection than the results with RMSF.

  8. Introducing the Mean Absolute Deviation "Effect" Size

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gorard, Stephen

    2015-01-01

    This paper revisits the use of effect sizes in the analysis of experimental and similar results, and reminds readers of the relative advantages of the mean absolute deviation as a measure of variation, as opposed to the more complex standard deviation. The mean absolute deviation is easier to use and understand, and more tolerant of extreme…

  9. Global optimization of data quality checks on 2-D and 3-D networks of GPR cross-well tomographic data for automatic correction of unknown well deviations

    SciTech Connect

    Sassen, D. S.; Peterson, J. E.

    2010-03-15

    Significant errors related to poor time zero estimation, well deviation or mislocation of the transmitter (TX) and receiver (RX) stations can render even the most sophisticated modeling and inversion routine useless. Previous examples of methods for the analysis and correction of data errors in geophysical tomography include the works of Maurer and Green (1997), Squires et al. (1992) and Peterson (2001). Here we follow the analysis and techniques of Peterson (2001) for data quality control and error correction. Through our data acquisition and quality control procedures we have very accurate control on the surface locations of wells, the travel distance of both the transmitter and receiver within the boreholes, and the change in apparent zero time. However, we often have poor control on well deviations, either because of economic constraints or the nature of the borehole itself prevented the acquisition of well deviation logs. Also, well deviation logs can sometimes have significant errors. Problems with borehole deviations can be diagnosed prior to inversion of travel-time tomography data sets by plotting the apparent velocity of a straight ray connecting a transmitter (TX) to a receiver (RX) against the take-off angle of the ray. Issues with the time-zero pick or distances between wells appear as symmetric smiles or frown in these QC plots. Well deviation or dipping-strong anisotropy will result in an asymmetric correlation between apparent velocity and take-off angle (Figure 1-B). In addition, when a network of interconnected GPR tomography data is available, one has the additional quality constraint of insuring that there is continuity in velocity between immediately adjacent tomograms. A sudden shift in the mean velocity indicates that either position deviations are present or there is a shift in the pick times. Small errors in well geometry may be effectively treated during inversion by including weighting, or relaxation, parameters into the inversion (e.g. Bautu et al., 2006). In the technique of algebraic reconstruction tomography (ART), which is used herein for the travel time inversion (Peterson et al., 1985), a small relaxation parameter will smooth imaging artifacts caused by data errors at the expense of resolution and contrast (Figure 2). However, large data errors such as unaccounted well deviations cannot be adequately suppressed through inversion weighting schemes. Previously, problems with tomograms were treated manually. However, in large data sets and/or networks of data sets, trial and error changes to well geometries become increasingly difficult and ineffective. Mislocation of the transmitter and receiver stations of GPR cross-well tomography data sets can lead to serious imaging artifacts if not accounted for prior to inversion. Previously, problems with tomograms have been treated manually prior to inversion. In large data sets and/or networks of tomographic data sets, trial and error changes to well geometries become increasingly difficult and ineffective. Our approach is to use cross-well data quality checks and a simplified model of borehole deviation with particle swarm optimization (PSO) to automatically correct for source and receiver locations prior to tomographic inversion. We present a simple model of well deviation, which is designed to minimize potential corruption of actual data trends. We also provide quantitative quality control measures based on minimizing correlations between take-off angle and apparent velocity, and a quality check on the continuity of velocity between adjacent wells. This methodology is shown to be accurate and robust for simple 2-D synthetic test cases. Plus, we demonstrate the method on actual field data where it is compared to deviation logs. This study shows the promise for automatic correction of well deviations in GPR tomographic data. Analysis of synthetic data shows that very precise estimates of well deviation can be made for small deviations, even in the presence of static data errors. However, the analysis of the synthetic data and the application of

  10. TES L2 Lite Standard Products

    Atmospheric Science Data Center

    2015-07-21

    L2 Lite Standard Products The TES Lite products are intended to simplify TES data usage including data /model and ...   “NOTE: An update to the TES L2 Lite Products PGE corrected a date range issue in the originally delivered standard ...

  11. Deviation from secular equilibrium

    E-print Network

    A. V. Simakin; G. A. Shafeev

    2010-01-20

    Laser exposure of gold nanoparticles in aqueous solutions of Uranium salt leads to accelerated decay of U238 nuclei and significant deviation from secular equilibrium. The samples demonstrate the enhanced gamma emission in the range of 54 keV during laser exposure.

  12. CTLA4 Silencing with siRNA Promotes Deviation of Th1/Th2 in Chronic Hepatitis B Patients

    PubMed Central

    Yu, Yongsheng; Wu, Hao; Tang, Zhenghao; Zang, Guoqing

    2009-01-01

    To determine whether RNA interference (RNAi) could block cytotoxic T-lymphocyte antigen 4 (CTLA4) in human lymphocytes in vitro and promote IFN-? and IL-2 secretions, three small interfering RNAs (siRNAs) were selected based on target specificity sequences of human CTLA4 and transfected into human lymphocytes of chronic HBV patients. As a result, the expression of human CTLA4 mRNA was efficiently suppressed by all the three siRNAs. Compared with negative control (siRNA-co), siRNA-1 inhibited the expression of CTLA4 most efficiently and was used in the further study. The expressions of IFN-? and IL-2 were upregulated and the level of IL-4 was almost unchanged in lymphocytes transfected with siRNA-1 compared with the blank control. These results indicated that siRNA-1 led to IFN-? and IL-2 secretions, which is a main response of Th1/Th2. In a conclusion, RNAi significantly suppressed the expression of human CTLA4 mRNA in human lymphocytes in vitro, and could induce Th1/Th2 response. It could be a new therapeutic strategy for chronic HBV infection. PMID:19403062

  13. An Introduction to Large Deviations for Teletraffic Engineers

    E-print Network

    Weber, Richard

    What Large Deviation Theory is about ffl Coin tossing: how to explore Large Deviations using your PC in Queuing Networks: effective bandwidths ffl Bypassing modelling: estimating the scaled CGF 2 #12; What Large Deviation Theory is about Large Deviation theory is a theory of rare events; it can be used

  14. Processing Equipment 2" Davis-Standard Extruder

    E-print Network

    Bone, Gary

    Processing Equipment 2" Davis-Standard Extruder Improved Melting Grooved Feeding Capabilities Multiple Pressure Ports Along the Barrel Screw Cooling Kit Rod Die With Valved Adapter Higher Throughputs L Ring 1'' General Purpose Screw 3 Air-Cooled Barrel Zones Gala Industries Underwater Micropelletizer

  15. 9 CFR 2.2 - Acknowledgement of regulations and standards.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Acknowledgement of regulations and standards. 2.2 Section 2.2 Animals and Animal Products ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE ANIMAL WELFARE REGULATIONS Licensing § 2.2 Acknowledgement of regulations...

  16. 9 CFR 2.2 - Acknowledgement of regulations and standards.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Acknowledgement of regulations and standards. 2.2 Section 2.2 Animals and Animal Products ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE ANIMAL WELFARE REGULATIONS Licensing § 2.2 Acknowledgement of regulations...

  17. 9 CFR 2.2 - Acknowledgement of regulations and standards.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Acknowledgement of regulations and standards. 2.2 Section 2.2 Animals and Animal Products ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE ANIMAL WELFARE REGULATIONS Licensing § 2.2 Acknowledgement of regulations...

  18. 9 CFR 2.2 - Acknowledgement of regulations and standards.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Acknowledgement of regulations and standards. 2.2 Section 2.2 Animals and Animal Products ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE ANIMAL WELFARE REGULATIONS Licensing § 2.2 Acknowledgement of regulations...

  19. 9 CFR 2.2 - Acknowledgement of regulations and standards.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Acknowledgement of regulations and standards. 2.2 Section 2.2 Animals and Animal Products ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE ANIMAL WELFARE REGULATIONS Licensing § 2.2 Acknowledgement of regulations...

  20. 49 CFR 71.2 - Annual advancement of standard time.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... false Annual advancement of standard time. 71.2 Section 71.2 Transportation...the Secretary of Transportation STANDARD TIME ZONE BOUNDARIES § 71.2 Annual advancement of standard time. (a) The Uniform Time Act of...

  1. 49 CFR 71.2 - Annual advancement of standard time.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... false Annual advancement of standard time. 71.2 Section 71.2 Transportation...the Secretary of Transportation STANDARD TIME ZONE BOUNDARIES § 71.2 Annual advancement of standard time. (a) The Uniform Time Act of...

  2. 49 CFR 71.2 - Annual advancement of standard time.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... false Annual advancement of standard time. 71.2 Section 71.2 Transportation...the Secretary of Transportation STANDARD TIME ZONE BOUNDARIES § 71.2 Annual advancement of standard time. (a) The Uniform Time Act of...

  3. 49 CFR 71.2 - Annual advancement of standard time.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... false Annual advancement of standard time. 71.2 Section 71.2 Transportation...the Secretary of Transportation STANDARD TIME ZONE BOUNDARIES § 71.2 Annual advancement of standard time. (a) The Uniform Time Act of...

  4. 49 CFR 71.2 - Annual advancement of standard time.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... false Annual advancement of standard time. 71.2 Section 71.2 Transportation...the Secretary of Transportation STANDARD TIME ZONE BOUNDARIES § 71.2 Annual advancement of standard time. (a) The Uniform Time Act of...

  5. Standardized development of computer software. Part 2: Standards

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Tausworthe, R. C.

    1978-01-01

    This monograph contains standards for software development and engineering. The book sets forth rules for design, specification, coding, testing, documentation, and quality assurance audits of software; it also contains detailed outlines for the documentation to be produced.

  6. 48 CFR 3001.404 - Class deviations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... Section 3001.404 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY, HOMELAND SECURITY... is authorized to approve FAR class deviations, except (FAR) 48 CFR 30.201-3, and 30.201-4 (the requirements of the Cost Accounting Standards Board); 48 CFR chapter 99 (FAR appendix); and part 50. Prior...

  7. 48 CFR 3001.404 - Class deviations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... Section 3001.404 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY, HOMELAND SECURITY... is authorized to approve FAR class deviations, except (FAR) 48 CFR 30.201-3, and 30.201-4 (the requirements of the Cost Accounting Standards Board); 48 CFR Chapter 99 (FAR Appendix); and part 50. Prior...

  8. 48 CFR 3001.403 - Individual deviations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    .... 3001.403 Section 3001.403 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY, HOMELAND SECURITY ACQUISITION REGULATION (HSAR) GENERAL FEDERAL ACQUISITION REGULATIONS SYSTEM Deviations... CFR 30.201-3, 30.201-4; the requirements of the Cost Accounting Standards board rules and...

  9. 48 CFR 3001.403 - Individual deviations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ....403 Section 3001.403 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY, HOMELAND... regulation, the HCA is authorized to approve individual deviation (except with respect to (FAR) 48 CFR 30.201-3, 30.201-4; the requirements of the Cost Accounting Standards board rules and regulations at 48...

  10. SLq(2) extension of the standard model

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Finkelstein, Robert J.

    2014-06-01

    We examine a quantum group extension of the standard model. The field operators of the extended theory are obtained by replacing the field operators ? of the standard model by ?^Dmm'j, where Dmm'j are elements of a representation of the quantum algebra SLq(2), which is also the knot algebra. The Dmm'j lie in this algebra and carry the new degrees of freedom of the field quanta. The Dmm'j are restricted jointly by empirical constraints and by a postulated correspondence with classical knots. The elementary fermions are described by elements of the trefoil (j =3/2) representation and the weak vector bosons by elements of the ditrefoil (j=3) representation. The adjoint (j=1) and fundamental (j=1/2) representations define hypothetical bosonic and fermionic preons. All particles described by higher representations may be regarded as composed of the fermionic preons. This preon model unexpectedly agrees in important detail with the Harari-Shupe model. The new Lagrangian, which is invariant under gauge transformations of the SLq(2) algebra, fixes the relative masses of the elementary fermions within the same family. It also introduces form factors that modify the electroweak couplings and provide a parametrization of the Cabbibo-Kobayashi-Maskawa matrix. It is additionally postulated that the preons carry gluon charge and that the fermions, which are three preon systems, are in agreement with the color assignments of the standard model.

  11. 50 CFR 600.315 - National Standard 2-Scientific Information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 50 Wildlife and Fisheries 10 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false National Standard 2-Scientific... Standards § 600.315 National Standard 2—Scientific Information. (a) Standard 2. Conservation and management measures shall be based upon the best scientific information available. (b) FMP development. The fact...

  12. 7 CFR 36.2 - Initiating action on grade standards.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Initiating action on grade standards. 36.2 Section 36.2 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Standards, Inspections, Marketing Practices), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE COMMODITY STANDARDS AND STANDARD CONTAINER REGULATIONS PROCEDURES BY WHICH...

  13. 7 CFR 36.2 - Initiating action on grade standards.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ....2 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Standards, Inspections, Marketing Practices), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE COMMODITY STANDARDS AND STANDARD CONTAINER REGULATIONS PROCEDURES BY WHICH THE AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE DEVELOPS, REVISES, SUSPENDS, OR...

  14. 48 CFR 9.104-2 - Special standards.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Special standards. 9.104-2... CONTRACTOR QUALIFICATIONS Responsible Prospective Contractors 9.104-2 Special standards. (a) When it is... the assistance of appropriate specialists, special standards of responsibility. Special standards...

  15. ASHRAE's Residential Ventilation Standard: Exegesis of Proposed Standard 62.2 

    E-print Network

    Sherman, M.

    2000-01-01

    In February 2000, ASHRAE's Standard Project Committee on "Ventilation and Acceptable Indoor Air Quality in Low-Rise Residential Buildings", SPC 62.2P7 recommended ASHRAE's first complete standard on residential ventilation for public review...

  16. The Role of Burden and Deviation in Ostracizing Others.

    PubMed

    Wesselmann, Eric D; Wirth, James H; Pryor, John B; Reeder, Glenn D; Williams, Kipling D

    2015-01-01

    Ostracism (being excluded and ignored) is a painful experience, so why do individuals ostracize others? Previous research suggests individuals often ostracize those who are deviate, but not always. We posit that there may be two types of deviation, burdensome and non-burdensome, and the former is most likely to be ostracized. Study 1 manipulated burdensome deviation by programming a group member to perform more slowly (8 or 16 sec.) than others (4 sec.) in a virtual ball-toss game. Participants perceived slower players as more burdensome and deviate than normal speed players. Additionally, participants ostracized (gave fewer ball tosses to) the slowest player. Study 2 examined participant responses to both burdensome deviation (8- and 16-sec. players) and non-burdensome deviation (goth appearance). Participants again perceived the slower players to be burdensome and deviate, and ostracized them. They perceived the goth player to be deviate but not burdensome and did not ostracize this player. PMID:26267129

  17. Large Deviations for Stochastic Nonlinear Beam Equations

    E-print Network

    Sidorov, Nikita

    equations for nonlinear vibration of elastic panels (also called stochastic nonlinear beam equations). Key, and the nonlinear operator B(u) = 1 0 |xu|2 dx 2 xu. The mathematical model for the nonlinear penal vibrationLarge Deviations for Stochastic Nonlinear Beam Equations Tusheng Zhang First version: 31 December

  18. 48 CFR 52.230-2 - Cost Accounting Standards.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Cost Accounting Standards. 52.230-2 Section...Provisions and Clauses 52.230-2 Cost Accounting Standards. As prescribed in 30...insert the following clause: Cost Accounting Standards (OCT 2010) (a)...

  19. 41 CFR 101-30.701-2 - Item standardization code.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Item standardization code....7-Item Reduction Program § 101-30.701-2 Item standardization code. Item standardization code (ISC) means a code assigned an item in the supply system which identifies the item as authorized...

  20. 41 CFR 101-30.701-2 - Item standardization code.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 2 2013-07-01 2012-07-01 true Item standardization code....7-Item Reduction Program § 101-30.701-2 Item standardization code. Item standardization code (ISC) means a code assigned an item in the supply system which identifies the item as authorized...

  1. 41 CFR 101-30.701-2 - Item standardization code.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 2 2014-07-01 2012-07-01 true Item standardization code....7-Item Reduction Program § 101-30.701-2 Item standardization code. Item standardization code (ISC) means a code assigned an item in the supply system which identifies the item as authorized...

  2. 41 CFR 101-30.701-2 - Item standardization code.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 2 2011-07-01 2007-07-01 true Item standardization code....7-Item Reduction Program § 101-30.701-2 Item standardization code. Item standardization code (ISC) means a code assigned an item in the supply system which identifies the item as authorized...

  3. 48 CFR 52.230-2 - Cost Accounting Standards.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ...2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Cost Accounting Standards. 52.230-2 Section...Provisions and Clauses 52.230-2 Cost Accounting Standards. As prescribed in 30...insert the following clause: Cost Accounting Standards (OCT 2010) (a)...

  4. 49 CFR 71.2 - Annual advancement of standard time.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ..., requires that the standard time of each State observing Daylight Saving Time shall be advanced 1 hour... 49 Transportation 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Annual advancement of standard time. 71.2 Section 71.2 Transportation Office of the Secretary of Transportation STANDARD TIME ZONE BOUNDARIES §...

  5. Revisiting a 90-Year-Old Debate: The Advantages of the Mean Deviation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gorard, Stephen

    2005-01-01

    This paper discusses the reliance of numerical analysis on the concept of the standard deviation, and its close relative the variance. It suggests that the original reasons why the standard deviation concept has permeated traditional statistics are no longer clearly valid, if they ever were. The absolute mean deviation, it is argued here, has many…

  6. 29 CFR 1925.2 - Safety and health standards.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 2010-07-01 false Safety and health standards. 1925.2 ...Relating to Labor (Continued) OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR (CONTINUED) SAFETY AND HEALTH STANDARDS FOR FEDERAL...

  7. 2. VIEW, LOOKING EAST, OF PORTICO OF STANDARDIZING MAGNETIC OBSERVATORY. ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    2. VIEW, LOOKING EAST, OF PORTICO OF STANDARDIZING MAGNETIC OBSERVATORY. - Carnegie Institute of Washington, Department of Terrestrial Magnetism, Standardizing Magnetic Observatory, 5241 Broad Branch Drive Northwest, Washington, District of Columbia, DC

  8. Deviation differential equations. Jacobi fields

    E-print Network

    G. Sardanashvily

    2013-04-02

    Given a differential equation on a smooth fibre bundle Y, we consider its canonical vertical extension to that, called the deviation equation, on the vertical tangent bundle VY of Y. Its solutions are Jacobi fields treated in a very general setting. In particular, the deviation of Euler--Lagrange equations of a Lagrangian L on a fibre bundle Y are the Euler-Lagrange equations of the canonical vertical extension of L onto VY. Similarly, covariant Hamilton equations of a Hamiltonian form H are the Hamilton equations of the vertical extension VH of H onto VY.

  9. Large deviations and rain showers

    E-print Network

    Wilkinson, Michael

    2015-01-01

    Rainfall from ice-free cumulus clouds requires collisions of large numbers of microscopic droplets to create every raindrop. The onset of rain showers can be surprisingly rapid, much faster than the mean time required for a single collision. Large-deviation theory is used to explain this observation.

  10. Note onset deviations as musical piece signatures.

    PubMed

    Serrą, Joan; Özaslan, Tan Hakan; Arcos, Josep Lluis

    2013-01-01

    A competent interpretation of a musical composition presents several non-explicit departures from the written score. Timing variations are perhaps the most important ones: they are fundamental for expressive performance and a key ingredient for conferring a human-like quality to machine-based music renditions. However, the nature of such variations is still an open research question, with diverse theories that indicate a multi-dimensional phenomenon. In the present study, we consider event-shift timing variations and show that sequences of note onset deviations are robust and reliable predictors of the musical piece being played, irrespective of the performer. In fact, our results suggest that only a few consecutive onset deviations are already enough to identify a musical composition with statistically significant accuracy. We consider a mid-size collection of commercial recordings of classical guitar pieces and follow a quantitative approach based on the combination of standard statistical tools and machine learning techniques with the semi-automatic estimation of onset deviations. Besides the reported results, we believe that the considered materials and the methodology followed widen the testing ground for studying musical timing and could open new perspectives in related research fields. PMID:23935971

  11. Note Onset Deviations as Musical Piece Signatures

    PubMed Central

    Serrą, Joan; Özaslan, Tan Hakan; Arcos, Josep Lluis

    2013-01-01

    A competent interpretation of a musical composition presents several non-explicit departures from the written score. Timing variations are perhaps the most important ones: they are fundamental for expressive performance and a key ingredient for conferring a human-like quality to machine-based music renditions. However, the nature of such variations is still an open research question, with diverse theories that indicate a multi-dimensional phenomenon. In the present study, we consider event-shift timing variations and show that sequences of note onset deviations are robust and reliable predictors of the musical piece being played, irrespective of the performer. In fact, our results suggest that only a few consecutive onset deviations are already enough to identify a musical composition with statistically significant accuracy. We consider a mid-size collection of commercial recordings of classical guitar pieces and follow a quantitative approach based on the combination of standard statistical tools and machine learning techniques with the semi-automatic estimation of onset deviations. Besides the reported results, we believe that the considered materials and the methodology followed widen the testing ground for studying musical timing and could open new perspectives in related research fields. PMID:23935971

  12. 50 CFR 600.315 - National Standard 2-Scientific Information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 50 Wildlife and Fisheries 12 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false National Standard 2-Scientific Information. 600.315 Section 600.315 Wildlife and Fisheries FISHERY CONSERVATION AND MANAGEMENT, NATIONAL OCEANIC AND ATMOSPHERIC ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE MAGNUSON-STEVENS ACT PROVISIONS National Standards § 600.315 National Standard...

  13. 41 CFR 101-30.701-2 - Item standardization code.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... code. 101-30.701-2 Section 101-30.701-2 Public Contracts and Property Management Federal Property... CATALOG SYSTEM 30.7-Item Reduction Program § 101-30.701-2 Item standardization code. Item standardization code (ISC) means a code assigned an item in the supply system which identifies the item as...

  14. Development and verification of NASA Standard Initiator-2 (NSI-2)

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Corbin-Roberts, Linda

    1988-01-01

    The results of verification testing under NASA Contract NAS9-17249 are summarized in this Final Report. An Appendix is published separately. The report contains a brief discussion of design elements, test results, and a discussion of the latter. The contract was awarded for development and demonstration of design modifications to the NASA Standard Initiator-1 (NSI-1), resulting in the development of NSI-2. The intent of the project was to develop and prove the following design features: (1) Protection from premature initiation due to electrostatic potential by means other than a spark gap; (2) Development of an integral insulated charge cup for use with a zirconium/potassium perchlorate type mixture; (3) Improved cost and reliability figures by the use of a deposited ridge; and (4) Elimination of dudding as a result of the pyrotechnic shock effect, the movement of the primer composition away from the bridge circuit.

  15. Perception of aircraft Deviation Cues

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Martin, Lynne; Azuma, Ronald; Fox, Jason; Verma, Savita; Lozito, Sandra

    2005-01-01

    To begin to address the need for new displays, required by a future airspace concept to support new roles that will be assigned to flight crews, a study of potentially informative display cues was undertaken. Two cues were tested on a simple plan display - aircraft trajectory and flight corridor. Of particular interest was the speed and accuracy with which participants could detect an aircraft deviating outside its flight corridor. Presence of the trajectory cue significantly reduced participant reaction time to a deviation while the flight corridor cue did not. Although non-significant, the flight corridor cue seemed to have a relationship with the accuracy of participants judgments rather than their speed. As this is the second of a series of studies, these issues will be addressed further in future studies.

  16. 29 CFR 1925.2 - Safety and health standards.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    .... Every contractor and subcontractor shall comply with the safety and health standards published in 41 CFR... 29 Labor 7 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Safety and health standards. 1925.2 Section 1925.2 Labor Regulations Relating to Labor (Continued) OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF...

  17. 29 CFR 1925.2 - Safety and health standards.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    .... Every contractor and subcontractor shall comply with the safety and health standards published in 41 CFR... 29 Labor 7 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Safety and health standards. 1925.2 Section 1925.2 Labor Regulations Relating to Labor (Continued) OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF...

  18. 29 CFR 1925.2 - Safety and health standards.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    .... Every contractor and subcontractor shall comply with the safety and health standards published in 41 CFR... 29 Labor 7 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Safety and health standards. 1925.2 Section 1925.2 Labor Regulations Relating to Labor (Continued) OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF...

  19. 29 CFR 1925.2 - Safety and health standards.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    .... Every contractor and subcontractor shall comply with the safety and health standards published in 41 CFR... 29 Labor 7 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Safety and health standards. 1925.2 Section 1925.2 Labor Regulations Relating to Labor (Continued) OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF...

  20. 29 CFR 1925.2 - Safety and health standards.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    .... Every contractor and subcontractor shall comply with the safety and health standards published in 41 CFR... 29 Labor 7 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Safety and health standards. 1925.2 Section 1925.2 Labor Regulations Relating to Labor (Continued) OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF...

  1. Cooperative Effects of Corticosteroids and Catecholamines upon Immune Deviation of the Type-1/Type-2 Cytokine Balance in Favor of Type-2 Expression in Human Peripheral Blood Mononuclear Cells

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Salicru, A. N.; Sams, Clarence F.; Marshall, G. D.

    2007-01-01

    A growing number of studies show strong associations between stress and altered immune function. In vivo studies of chronic and acute stress have demonstrated that cognitive stressors are strongly correlated with high levels of catecholamines (CT) and corticosteroids (CS). Although both CS and CT individually can inhibit the production of T-helper 1 (TH1, type-1 like) cytokines and simultaneously promote the production of T-helper 2 (TH2, type-2 like) cytokines in antigen-specific and mitogen stimulated human leukocyte cultures in vitro, little attention has been focused on the effects of combination CT and CS in immune responses that may be more physiologically relevant. We therefore investigated the combined effects of in vitro CT and CS upon the type-1/type-2 cytokine balance of human peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) as a model to study the immunomodulatory effects of superimposed acute and chronic stress. Results demonstrated a significant decrease in type-1 cytokine production (IFN-gamma) and a significant increase in type-2 cytokine production (IL-4, IL-10) in our CS+CT incubated cultures when compared to either CT or CS agents alone. Furthermore, variable enhancement of type-1/type-2 immune deviation occurred depending upon when the CT was added. The data suggest that CS can increase the sensitivity of PBMC to the immunomodulatory effects of CT and establishes an in vitro model to study the combined effects of in vivo type-1/type-2 cytokine alterations observed in acute and chronic stress.

  2. 33 CFR 164.51 - Deviations from rules: Emergency.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 2 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Deviations from rules: Emergency. 164.51 Section 164.51 Navigation and Navigable Waters COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) PORTS AND WATERWAYS SAFETY NAVIGATION SAFETY REGULATIONS § 164.51 Deviations from...

  3. 33 CFR 164.51 - Deviations from rules: Emergency.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 2 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Deviations from rules: Emergency. 164.51 Section 164.51 Navigation and Navigable Waters COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) PORTS AND WATERWAYS SAFETY NAVIGATION SAFETY REGULATIONS § 164.51 Deviations from...

  4. 48 CFR 225.1070 - Clause deviations in overseas contracts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... overseas contracts. 225.1070 Section 225.1070 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEFENSE ACQUISITION... Acquisition Regulations 225.1070 Clause deviations in overseas contracts. See 201.403(2) for approval authority for clause deviations in overseas contracts with governments of North Atlantic Treaty...

  5. 48 CFR 225.1070 - Clause deviations in overseas contracts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... overseas contracts. 225.1070 Section 225.1070 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEFENSE ACQUISITION... Acquisition Regulations 225.1070 Clause deviations in overseas contracts. See 201.403(2) for approval authority for clause deviations in overseas contracts with governments of North Atlantic Treaty...

  6. 48 CFR 225.1070 - Clause deviations in overseas contracts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... overseas contracts. 225.1070 Section 225.1070 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEFENSE ACQUISITION... Acquisition Regulations 225.1070 Clause deviations in overseas contracts. See 201.403(2) for approval authority for clause deviations in overseas contracts with governments of North Atlantic Treaty...

  7. 48 CFR 225.1070 - Clause deviations in overseas contracts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... overseas contracts. 225.1070 Section 225.1070 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEFENSE ACQUISITION... Acquisition Regulations 225.1070 Clause deviations in overseas contracts. See 201.403(2) for approval authority for clause deviations in overseas contracts with governments of North Atlantic Treaty...

  8. 48 CFR 225.1070 - Clause deviations in overseas contracts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... overseas contracts. 225.1070 Section 225.1070 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEFENSE ACQUISITION... Acquisition Regulations 225.1070 Clause deviations in overseas contracts. See 201.403(2) for approval authority for clause deviations in overseas contracts with governments of North Atlantic Treaty...

  9. 2 February 2015 Standard Operating Procedure

    E-print Network

    are invited to travel to or on behalf of NPS. Note that in accordance with Part I.A.2.c. of reference (b by a DOD component on a matter related to the component's official business." C. All ITAs at NPS regulations governing ITAs are contained in reference (b). E. Contractors. 1. NPS Contractors. If contracted

  10. 2. STREETSCAPE SHOWING NORTH ENDS OF STANDARD AND COMBINATION WARDS ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    2. STREETSCAPE SHOWING NORTH ENDS OF STANDARD AND COMBINATION WARDS ON RAMP NO. 4. ON LEFT IS BUILDING NO. 9952-B, FOLLOWED BY THE B (NORTH) SIDES OF BUILDING NOS. 9953-9958. - Madigan Hospital, Standard & Combination Wards, Bounded by Wilson & McKinley Avenues & Garfield & Lincoln Streets, Tacoma, Pierce County, WA

  11. FGDC CONTENT STANDARD FOR DIGITAL GEOSPATIAL METADATA (CSDGM) VERSION 2

    EPA Science Inventory

    The Federal Geographic Data Committee (FGDC) recently approved a revised version of the Content Standard for Digital Geospatial Metadata (CSDGM Version 2 - FGDC-STD-001-1998). The objectives of the standard are to provide a common set of terminology and definitions for the docume...

  12. Research Space Use Standards Policy 2.500

    E-print Network

    Lawrence, Deborah

    Research Space Use Standards Policy 2.500 Page 1 Research Space Use Standards Date: November: Department chairs and center directors who have research laboratory space assigned to their unit. Reason for Policy: This policy was developed to help address a research space shortage in the School of Medicine

  13. 18 CFR 40.2 - Mandatory Reliability Standards.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Mandatory Reliability..., DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY REGULATIONS UNDER THE FEDERAL POWER ACT MANDATORY RELIABILITY STANDARDS FOR THE BULK-POWER SYSTEM § 40.2 Mandatory Reliability Standards. (a) Each applicable user, owner or operator of...

  14. 18 CFR 40.2 - Mandatory Reliability Standards.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Mandatory Reliability..., DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY REGULATIONS UNDER THE FEDERAL POWER ACT MANDATORY RELIABILITY STANDARDS FOR THE BULK-POWER SYSTEM § 40.2 Mandatory Reliability Standards. (a) Each applicable user, owner or operator of...

  15. 15 CFR 241.2 - Legal standard barrels.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ...VEGETABLES AND OTHER DRY COMMODITIES, AND FOR CRANBERRIES § 241.2 Legal standard barrels...and other dry commodities, other than cranberries, in section 1 of the standard-barrel...or other dry commodities other than cranberries, or a legal subdivision...

  16. 15 CFR 241.2 - Legal standard barrels.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ...VEGETABLES AND OTHER DRY COMMODITIES, AND FOR CRANBERRIES § 241.2 Legal standard barrels...and other dry commodities, other than cranberries, in section 1 of the standard-barrel...or other dry commodities other than cranberries, or a legal subdivision...

  17. 15 CFR 241.2 - Legal standard barrels.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ...VEGETABLES AND OTHER DRY COMMODITIES, AND FOR CRANBERRIES § 241.2 Legal standard barrels...and other dry commodities, other than cranberries, in section 1 of the standard-barrel...or other dry commodities other than cranberries, or a legal subdivision...

  18. 15 CFR 241.2 - Legal standard barrels.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ...VEGETABLES AND OTHER DRY COMMODITIES, AND FOR CRANBERRIES § 241.2 Legal standard barrels...and other dry commodities, other than cranberries, in section 1 of the standard-barrel...or other dry commodities other than cranberries, or a legal subdivision...

  19. 15 CFR 241.2 - Legal standard barrels.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ...VEGETABLES AND OTHER DRY COMMODITIES, AND FOR CRANBERRIES § 241.2 Legal standard barrels...and other dry commodities, other than cranberries, in section 1 of the standard-barrel...or other dry commodities other than cranberries, or a legal subdivision...

  20. Nasal septal deviation in a mediaeval population.

    PubMed

    Mays, Simon

    2012-07-01

    In modern populations, there is evidence that nasal septal deviation (NSD) may be associated with maxillary sinusitis, and that those with NSD may differ in craniofacial morphology from those without or with less severe NSD. Whether these associations hold true for earlier populations has yet to be investigated. The current work is a step toward remedying this. The study group comes from a mediaeval English archaeological site. NSD was quantified using image analysis. Maxillary sinusitis was identified from new bone formation in the antrum. Cranial morphology was assessed using standard craniometric measurements. The results provided no evidence for a relationship between NSD and maxillary sinus disease. NSD was associated with reduced measures of upper facial height, suggesting decoupling of growth in vertical height of the nasal septum and the bony structures surrounding it. PMID:22565652

  1. 40 CFR 60.692-2 - Standards: Individual drain systems.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... Emissions From Petroleum Refinery Wastewater Systems § 60.692-2 Standards: Individual drain systems. (a)(1... section. (e) Refinery wastewater routed through new process drains and a new first common...

  2. 40 CFR 60.692-2 - Standards: Individual drain systems.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... Emissions From Petroleum Refinery Wastewater Systems § 60.692-2 Standards: Individual drain systems. (a)(1... section. (e) Refinery wastewater routed through new process drains and a new first common...

  3. 40 CFR 60.692-2 - Standards: Individual drain systems.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... Emissions From Petroleum Refinery Wastewater Systems § 60.692-2 Standards: Individual drain systems. (a)(1... section. (e) Refinery wastewater routed through new process drains and a new first common...

  4. 40 CFR 60.692-2 - Standards: Individual drain systems.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... Emissions From Petroleum Refinery Wastewater Systems § 60.692-2 Standards: Individual drain systems. (a)(1... section. (e) Refinery wastewater routed through new process drains and a new first common...

  5. 40 CFR 60.692-2 - Standards: Individual drain systems.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... Emissions From Petroleum Refinery Wastewater Systems § 60.692-2 Standards: Individual drain systems. (a)(1... section. (e) Refinery wastewater routed through new process drains and a new first common...

  6. 21. c, 1915 Historic plan, standard 2 beam girder bridge. ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    21. c, 1915 Historic plan, standard 2 beam girder bridge. United Construction Company, Albany, New York. Generic plan typical of Prescott Bridge. Source: New Hampshire Department of Transportation - Prescott Bridge, Spanning Lamprey River on Prescott Road, Raymond, Rockingham County, NH

  7. 40 CFR 205.55-2 - Compliance with standards.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...PROGRAMS TRANSPORTATION EQUIPMENT NOISE EMISSION CONTROLS Medium and Heavy Trucks § 205.55-2 Compliance with standards...configuration, the Administrator may require that the manufacturer ship test vehicles to the EPA test facility in order for the...

  8. 40 CFR 205.55-2 - Compliance with standards.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ...PROGRAMS TRANSPORTATION EQUIPMENT NOISE EMISSION CONTROLS Medium and Heavy Trucks § 205.55-2 Compliance with standards...configuration, the Administrator may require that the manufacturer ship test vehicles to the EPA test facility in order for the...

  9. 40 CFR 205.55-2 - Compliance with standards.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...PROGRAMS TRANSPORTATION EQUIPMENT NOISE EMISSION CONTROLS Medium and Heavy Trucks § 205.55-2 Compliance with standards...configuration, the Administrator may require that the manufacturer ship test vehicles to the EPA test facility in order for the...

  10. 40 CFR 205.55-2 - Compliance with standards.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ...PROGRAMS TRANSPORTATION EQUIPMENT NOISE EMISSION CONTROLS Medium and Heavy Trucks § 205.55-2 Compliance with standards...configuration, the Administrator may require that the manufacturer ship test vehicles to the EPA test facility in order for the...

  11. 40 CFR 205.55-2 - Compliance with standards.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ...PROGRAMS TRANSPORTATION EQUIPMENT NOISE EMISSION CONTROLS Medium and Heavy Trucks § 205.55-2 Compliance with standards...configuration, the Administrator may require that the manufacturer ship test vehicles to the EPA test facility in order for the...

  12. 10 CFR 602.4 - Deviations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ...false Deviations. 602.4 Section 602.4 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY (CONTINUED) ASSISTANCE REGULATIONS EPIDEMIOLOGY AND OTHER HEALTH STUDIES FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE PROGRAM § 602.4 Deviations. (a) Single-case...

  13. 10 CFR 602.4 - Deviations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ...false Deviations. 602.4 Section 602.4 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY (CONTINUED) ASSISTANCE REGULATIONS EPIDEMIOLOGY AND OTHER HEALTH STUDIES FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE PROGRAM § 602.4 Deviations. (a) Single-case...

  14. 10 CFR 602.4 - Deviations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ...false Deviations. 602.4 Section 602.4 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY (CONTINUED) ASSISTANCE REGULATIONS EPIDEMIOLOGY AND OTHER HEALTH STUDIES FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE PROGRAM § 602.4 Deviations. (a) Single-case...

  15. 10 CFR 602.4 - Deviations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ...false Deviations. 602.4 Section 602.4 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY (CONTINUED) ASSISTANCE REGULATIONS EPIDEMIOLOGY AND OTHER HEALTH STUDIES FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE PROGRAM § 602.4 Deviations. (a) Single-case...

  16. 10 CFR 602.4 - Deviations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ...false Deviations. 602.4 Section 602.4 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY (CONTINUED) ASSISTANCE REGULATIONS EPIDEMIOLOGY AND OTHER HEALTH STUDIES FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE PROGRAM § 602.4 Deviations. (a) Single-case...

  17. 48 CFR 1480.403 - Deviations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Deviations. 1480.403 Section 1480.403 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR INDIAN AFFAIRS SUPPLEMENT ACQUISITIONS UNDER THE BUY INDIAN ACT Policy 1480.403 Deviations. (a) The following officials may authorize a deviation for an IA acquisition:...

  18. 48 CFR 201.404 - Class deviations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 3 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Class deviations. 201.404 Section 201.404 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEFENSE ACQUISITION REGULATIONS SYSTEM, DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE GENERAL FEDERAL ACQUISITION REGULATIONS SYSTEM Deviations From the FAR 201.404 Class deviations. (b)(i) Except as provided...

  19. DEVIATIONS OF ERGODIC SUMS FOR TORAL TRANSLATIONS I. CONVEX BODIES

    E-print Network

    Dolgopyat, Dmitry

    DEVIATIONS OF ERGODIC SUMS FOR TORAL TRANSLATIONS I. CONVEX BODIES DMITRY DOLGOPYAT AND BASSAM by the normalized Lebesgue measure on X. Then we will prove the following 1 #12;2 DMITRY DOLGOPYAT AND BASSAM FAYAD

  20. Observations on the Reliability of Rubidium Frequency Standards on Block 2/2A GPS Satellites

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Dieter, Gary L.

    1996-01-01

    Currently, the block 2/2A Global Positioning System (GPS) satellites are equipped with two rubidium frequency standards. These frequency standards were originally intended to serve as the back-ups to two cesium frequency standards. As the constellation ages, the master Control Station is forced to initialize and increasing number or rubidium frequency standards. Unfortunately the operational use of these frequency standards has not lived up to initial expectations. Although the performance of these rubidium frequency standards has met and even exceeded GPS requirements, their reliability has not. The number of unscheduled outage times and the short operational lifetimes of the rubidium frequency standards compare poorly to the track record of the cesium frequency standards. Only a small number of rubidium frequency standards have actually been made operational. Of these, a large percentage have exhibited poor reliability. If this trend continues, it is unlikely that the rubidium frequency standards will help contribute to the navigation payload meeting program specification.

  1. Configuration at oxygen and deviation of the O…Cl?F system from linearity in 2,5-dihydrofuran…ClF from rotational spectroscopy

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cooke, S. A.; Corlett, G. K.; Evans, C. M.; Holloway, J. H.; Legon, A. C.

    1997-08-01

    Rotational spectra of two isotopomers of the 2,5-dihydrofuran/ClF complex were observed by using the fast-mixing nozzle/Balle-Flygare spectrometer combination. The complex has C s symmetry and a pyramidal configuration at oxygen. The angle between the 35ClF axis ( z) and the a-axis, ?az = 17.95(3)°, was determined from the Cl nuclear quadrupole coupling tensor. The geometry r( O… Cl) = 2.422(5) Å, ? = 127.0(3)° and ? = 1.99(15)° is established when rotational constants are fitted under the constraints of unperturbed monomers and ?az = 17.95(3)°. the configurations ? at O and the nonlinearities ? of the B…ClF/B…HCl systems are compared for B = 2,5-dihydrofuran and oxirane.

  2. Application of Allan Deviation to Assessing Uncertainties of Continuous-measurement Instruments, and Optimizing Calibration Schemes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Jacobson, Gloria; Rella, Chris; Farinas, Alejandro

    2014-05-01

    Technological advancement of instrumentation in atmospheric and other geoscience disciplines over the past decade has lead to a shift from discrete sample analysis to continuous, in-situ monitoring. Standard error analysis used for discrete measurements is not sufficient to assess and compare the error contribution of noise and drift from continuous-measurement instruments, and a different statistical analysis approach should be applied. The Allan standard deviation analysis technique developed for atomic clock stability assessment by David W. Allan [1] can be effectively and gainfully applied to continuous measurement instruments. As an example, P. Werle et al has applied these techniques to look at signal averaging for atmospheric monitoring by Tunable Diode-Laser Absorption Spectroscopy (TDLAS) [2]. This presentation will build on, and translate prior foundational publications to provide contextual definitions and guidelines for the practical application of this analysis technique to continuous scientific measurements. The specific example of a Picarro G2401 Cavity Ringdown Spectroscopy (CRDS) analyzer used for continuous, atmospheric monitoring of CO2, CH4 and CO will be used to define the basics features the Allan deviation, assess factors affecting the analysis, and explore the time-series to Allan deviation plot translation for different types of instrument noise (white noise, linear drift, and interpolated data). In addition, the useful application of using an Allan deviation to optimize and predict the performance of different calibration schemes will be presented. Even though this presentation will use the specific example of the Picarro G2401 CRDS Analyzer for atmospheric monitoring, the objective is to present the information such that it can be successfully applied to other instrument sets and disciplines. [1] D.W. Allan, "Statistics of Atomic Frequency Standards," Proc, IEEE, vol. 54, pp 221-230, Feb 1966 [2] P. Werle, R. Miicke, F. Slemr, "The Limits of Signal Averaging in Atmospheric Trace-Gas Monitoring by Tunable Diode-Laser Absorption Spectroscopy (TDLAS)," Applied Physics, B57, pp 131-139, April 1993

  3. GPS Block 2R Time Standard Assembly (TSA) architecture

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Baker, Anthony P.

    1990-01-01

    The underlying philosophy of the Global Positioning System (GPS) 2R Time Standard Assembly (TSA) architecture is to utilize two frequency sources, one fixed frequency reference source and one system frequency source, and to couple the system frequency source to the reference frequency source via a sample data loop. The system source is used to provide the basic clock frequency and timing for the space vehicle (SV) and it uses a voltage controlled crystal oscillator (VCXO) with high short term stability. The reference source is an atomic frequency standard (AFS) with high long term stability. The architecture can support any type of frequency standard. In the system design rubidium, cesium, and H2 masers outputting a canonical frequency were accommodated. The architecture is software intensive. All VCXO adjustments are digital and are calculated by a processor. They are applied to the VCXO via a digital to analog converter.

  4. SOP for CWRB v2-070210 final 2 July 2010 Standard Operating Procedures

    E-print Network

    US Army Corps of Engineers

    SOP for CWRB ­ v2-070210 final 2 July 2010 1 Standard Operating Procedures for the Civil Works to the Civil Works Review Board (CWRB). This Standard Operating Procedure (SOP) describes the logistics-2-100 Planning Guidance Notebook Appendix H paragraphs H-5.a, b and c, as well as EC 1165-2-209 Civil Works

  5. FIPS PUB 201-2 FEDERAL INFORMATION PROCESSING STANDARDS PUBLICATION

    E-print Network

    codes for Federal agencies are assigned in Special Publication 800-87, Codes for the IdentificationFIPS PUB 201-2 FEDERAL INFORMATION PROCESSING STANDARDS PUBLICATION Personal Identity Verification (PIV) of Federal Employees and Contractors Computer Security Division Information Technology Laboratory

  6. 48 CFR 52.230-2 - Cost Accounting Standards.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... Accounting Standards (OCT 2010) (a) Unless the contract is exempt under 48 CFR 9903.201-1 and 9903.201-2, the provisions of 48 CFR part 9903 are incorporated herein by reference and the Contractor, in connection with..., disclose in writing the Contractor's cost accounting practices as required by 48 CFR 9903.202-1...

  7. 48 CFR 52.230-2 - Cost Accounting Standards.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... Accounting Standards (OCT 2010) (a) Unless the contract is exempt under 48 CFR 9903.201-1 and 9903.201-2, the provisions of 48 CFR part 9903 are incorporated herein by reference and the Contractor, in connection with..., disclose in writing the Contractor's cost accounting practices as required by 48 CFR 9903.202-1...

  8. 48 CFR 52.230-2 - Cost Accounting Standards.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... Accounting Standards (MAY 2012) (a) Unless the contract is exempt under 48 CFR 9903.201-1 and 9903.201-2, the provisions of 48 CFR part 9903 are incorporated herein by reference and the Contractor, in connection with..., disclose in writing the Contractor's cost accounting practices as required by 48 CFR 9903.202-1...

  9. 48 CFR 52.230-2 - Cost Accounting Standards.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... Accounting Standards (MAY 2012) (a) Unless the contract is exempt under 48 CFR 9903.201-1 and 9903.201-2, the provisions of 48 CFR part 9903 are incorporated herein by reference and the Contractor, in connection with..., disclose in writing the Contractor's cost accounting practices as required by 48 CFR 9903.202-1...

  10. 48 CFR 52.230-2 - Cost Accounting Standards.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... Accounting Standards (MAY 2014) (a) Unless the contract is exempt under 48 CFR 9903.201-1 and 9903.201-2, the provisions of 48 CFR part 9903 are incorporated herein by reference and the Contractor, in connection with..., disclose in writing the Contractor's cost accounting practices as required by 48 CFR 9903.202-1...

  11. LANDSAT 2 cumulative non-US standard catalog

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1977-01-01

    The Non-U.S. Standard Catalog lists imagery acquired by LANDSAT 1 and LANDSAT 2 which has been processed and input to the data files during the referred month. Data, such as data acquired, cloud cover and image quality are given for each scene. The microfilm roll and frame on which the scene may be found is also given.

  12. Predicting leptonic CP phase by considering deviations in charged lepton and neutrino sectors

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sruthilaya, M.; Soumya, C.; Deepthi, K. N.; Mohanta, R.

    2015-08-01

    Recently, the reactor mixing angle {? }13 has been measured precisely by Daya Bay, RENO, and T2K experiments with a moderately large value. However, the standard form of neutrino mixing patterns such as bimaximal, tri-bimaximal, golden ratio of types A and B, hexagonal, etc., which are based on certain flavor symmetries, predict vanishing {? }13. Using the fact that the neutrino mixing matrix can be represented as {V}{PMNS}={U}l\\dagger {U}? {P}? , where Ul and {U}? result from the diagonalization of the charged lepton and neutrino mass matrices and {P}? is a diagonal matrix containing Majorana phases, we explore the possibility of accounting for the large reactor mixing angle by considering deviations both in the charged lepton and neutrino sector. In the charged lepton sector we consider the deviation as an additional rotation in the (12) and (13) planes, whereas in the neutrino sector we consider deviations to various neutrino mixing patterns through (13) and (23) rotations. We find that with the inclusion of these deviations it is possible to accommodate the observed large reactor mixing angle {? }13, and one can also obtain limits on the charge-conjugation parity-violating Dirac phase{? }{CP} and Jarlskog invariant JCP for most of the cases. We then explore whether our findings can be tested in the currently running NuMI Off-axis ve Appearance experiment with three years of data taking in neutrino mode followed by three years with the anti-neutrino mode.

  13. Open Standards and Technologies in the S2S Framework

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Maffei, A. R.; Rozell, E. A.; West, P.; Zednik, S.; Fox, P. A.

    2011-12-01

    The S2S Search Interface Framework provides tools and services to build customized user interfaces. It also serves as a focal point for repository managers to develop science data services and reusable components for search interfaces. The framework has been used to design a faceted browsing platform for web services, including OpenSearch and SAWSDL. This exemplar faceted browsing platform has been applied in our development of search interfaces for 1) an international open government dataset catalog and 2) a metadata catalog for biological and chemical oceanography. S2S was designed from the ground up using open standards and technologies. The framework was initially created to develop "data dashboard" interfaces on top of OpenSearch services, but has been generalized to support web services and standards with semantic annotation capabilities. We apply OWL, a W3C standard for ontologies on the Web, to create a vocabulary for the description of framework metadata. Our faceted browsing platform is heavily focused on the use of jQuery; we have created reusable user interface "widgets" that leverage OpenLayers and MapServer technology in geospatial selection and visualization, which can be used in this and future platforms. The use of open standards and technologies has enabled rapid iterations over software development lifecycles, and has kept the framework agile as new use cases and ideas have emerged.

  14. Temperature deviation index and elderly mortality in Japan

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lim, Youn-Hee; Reid, Colleen E.; Honda, Yasushi; Kim, Ho

    2015-10-01

    Few studies have examined how the precedence of abnormal temperatures in previous neighboring years affects the population's health. In the present study, we attempted to quantify the health effects of abnormal weather patterns by creating a metric called the temperature deviation index (TDI) and estimated the effects of TDI on mortality in Japan. We used data from 47 prefectures in Japan to compute the TDI on days between May and September from 1966 to 2010. The TDI is a summed product of an indicator of absence of high temperatures in the neighboring years, and more weights were assigned to the years closest to the current year. To estimate the TDI effects on elderly mortality, we used generalized linear modeling with a Poisson distribution after adjusting for apparent temperature, barometric pressure, day of the week, and time trend. For each prefecture, we estimated the TDI effects and pooled the estimates to yield a national average for 1991-2010 in Japan. The estimated effects of TDI in middle- or high-latitude prefectures were greater than in low-latitude prefectures. The estimated national average of TDI effects was a 0.5 % (95 % confidence intervals [CI], 0.1, 1.0) increase in elderly mortality per 1-unit (around 1 standard deviation) increase in the TDI. The significant pooled estimation of TDI effects was mainly due to the TDI effects on summer days with moderate temperature (25th-49th percentile, mean temperature 22.9 °C): a 1.9 % (95 % CI, 1.1, 2.6) increase in elderly mortality per 1-unit increase in the TDI. However, TDI effects were insignificant in other temperature ranges. These findings suggest that elderly deaths increased on moderate temperature days in the summer that differed substantially from days during that time window in the neighboring years. Therefore, not only high temperature itself but also temperature deviation compared to previous years could be considered to be a risk factor for elderly mortality in the summer.

  15. 48 CFR 2901.404 - Class deviations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... through the Director, DAMS. (b) Requests for deviations under paragraph (a) of this section must be... contracting actions which will be affected. (c) For a FAR class deviation the Director, DAMS will consult with... Director, DAMS as required in FAR 1.404....

  16. 48 CFR 2901.404 - Class deviations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... through the Director, DAMS. (b) Requests for deviations under paragraph (a) of this section must be... contracting actions which will be affected. (c) For a FAR class deviation the Director, DAMS will consult with... Director, DAMS as required in FAR 1.404....

  17. 48 CFR 2901.404 - Class deviations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... through the Director, DAMS. (b) Requests for deviations under paragraph (a) of this section must be... contracting actions which will be affected. (c) For a FAR class deviation the Director, DAMS will consult with... Director, DAMS as required in FAR 1.404....

  18. 48 CFR 501.404 - Class deviations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Class deviations. 501.404 Section 501.404 Federal Acquisition Regulations System GENERAL SERVICES ADMINISTRATION GENERAL GENERAL SERVICES ADMINISTRATION ACQUISITION REGULATION SYSTEM Deviations From the FAR and GSAR 501.404...

  19. 48 CFR 501.403 - Individual deviations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Individual deviations. 501.403 Section 501.403 Federal Acquisition Regulations System GENERAL SERVICES ADMINISTRATION GENERAL GENERAL SERVICES ADMINISTRATION ACQUISITION REGULATION SYSTEM Deviations From the FAR and GSAR...

  20. Large deviation estimates involving deformed exponential functions

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Naudts, Jan; Suyari, Hiroki

    2015-10-01

    We study large deviation properties of probability distributions with either a compact support or a fat tail by comparing them with q-deformed exponential distributions. Our main result is a large deviation property for probability distributions with a fat tail.

  1. An SLq(2) Extension of the Standard Model

    E-print Network

    Robert J. Finkelstein

    2013-05-24

    We examine a quantum group extension of the standard model. The field operators of the extended theory are obtained by replacing the field operators $\\psi$ of the standard model by ${\\psi}$D$^j_{mm'}$, where D$^{j}_{mm'}$ are elements of a representation of the quantum algebra SLq(2), which is also the knot algebra. The D$^j_{mm'}$ lie in this algebra and carry the new degrees of freedom of the field quanta. The D$^j_{mm'}$ are restricted jointly by empirical constraints and by a postulated correspondence with classical knots. The elementary fermions are described by elements of the trefoil ($j=\\frac{3}{2}$) representation and the weak vector bosons by elements of the ditrefoil ($j=3$) representation. The adjoint ($j=1$) and fundamental ($j=\\frac{1}{2}$) representations define hypothetical bosonic and fermionic preons. All particles described by higher representations may be regarded as composed of the fermionic preons. This preon model unexpectedly agrees in important detail with the Harari-Shupe model. The new Lagrangian, which is invariant under gauge transformations of the SLq(2) algebra, fixes the relative masses of the elementary fermions within the same family. It also introduces form factors that modify the electroweak couplings and provide a parametrization of the Cabbibo-Kobayashi-Maskawa matrix. It is additionally postulated that the preons carry gluon charge and that the fermions, which are three preon systems, are in agreement with the color assignments of the standard model.

  2. Spectral Relative Standard Deviation: A Practical Benchmark in Metabolomics

    EPA Science Inventory

    Metabolomics datasets, by definition, comprise of measurements of large numbers of metabolites. Both technical (analytical) and biological factors will induce variation within these measurements that is not consistent across all metabolites. Consequently, criteria are required to...

  3. Teaching Standard Deviation by Building from Student Invention

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Day, James; Nakahara, Hiroko; Bonn, Doug

    2010-01-01

    First-year physics laboratories are often driven by a mix of goals that includes the illustration or discovery of basic physics principles and a myriad of technical skills involving specific equipment, data analysis, and report writing. The sheer number of such goals seems guaranteed to produce cognitive overload, even when highly detailed…

  4. 78 FR 44909 - Regional Reliability Standard BAL-002-WECC-2-Contingency Reserve

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-07-25

    ...Standard BAL-002-WECC-2--Contingency Reserve AGENCY: Federal Energy Regulatory Commission...Standard BAL-002-WECC-2 (Contingency Reserve). The North American Electric Reliability...Standard applies to balancing authorities and reserve sharing groups in the WECC Region...

  5. 21 CFR 600.14 - Reporting of biological product deviations by licensed manufacturers.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 7 2011-04-01 2010-04-01 true Reporting of biological product deviations by... HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) BIOLOGICS BIOLOGICAL PRODUCTS: GENERAL Establishment Standards § 600.14 Reporting of biological product deviations by licensed manufacturers. (a) Who must report...

  6. 21 CFR 600.14 - Reporting of biological product deviations by licensed manufacturers.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 7 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Reporting of biological product deviations by... HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) BIOLOGICS BIOLOGICAL PRODUCTS: GENERAL Establishment Standards § 600.14 Reporting of biological product deviations by licensed manufacturers. (a) Who must report...

  7. Deviation magnification: Revealing departures from ideal geometries

    E-print Network

    Wadhwa, Neal

    Structures and objects are often supposed to have idealized geometries such as straight lines or circles. Although not always visible to the naked eye, in reality, these objects deviate from their idealized models. Our ...

  8. Ion Density Deviations in Semipermeable Ionic Microcapsules

    E-print Network

    Qiyun Tang; Alan R. Denton

    2015-07-07

    By implementing the nonlinear Poisson-Boltzmann theory in a cell model, we theoretically investigate the influence of polyelectrolye gel permeability on ion densities and pH deviations inside the cavities of ionic microcapsules. Our calculations show that variations in permeability of a charged capsule shell cause a redistribution of ion densities within the capsule, which ultimately affects the pH deviation and Donnan potential induced by the electric field of the shell. We find that semipermeable capsules can induce larger pH deviations inside their cavities that can permeable capsules. Furthermore, with increasing capsule charge, the influence of permeability on pH deviations progressively increases. Our theory, while providing a self-consistent method for modeling the influence of permeability on fundamental properties of ionic microgels, makes predictions of practical significance for the design of microcapsules loaded with fluorescent dyes, which can serve as biosensors for diagnostic purposes.

  9. 20 CFR 435.4 - Deviations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ...Deviations. 435.4 Section 435.4 Employees' Benefits SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION UNIFORM ADMINISTRATIVE REQUIREMENTS FOR GRANTS AND AGREEMENTS WITH INSTITUTIONS OF HIGHER EDUCATION, HOSPITALS, OTHER NON-PROFIT...

  10. 20 CFR 435.4 - Deviations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ...Deviations. 435.4 Section 435.4 Employees' Benefits SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION UNIFORM ADMINISTRATIVE REQUIREMENTS FOR GRANTS AND AGREEMENTS WITH INSTITUTIONS OF HIGHER EDUCATION, HOSPITALS, OTHER NON-PROFIT...

  11. 20 CFR 435.4 - Deviations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ...Deviations. 435.4 Section 435.4 Employees' Benefits SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION UNIFORM ADMINISTRATIVE REQUIREMENTS FOR GRANTS AND AGREEMENTS WITH INSTITUTIONS OF HIGHER EDUCATION, HOSPITALS, OTHER NON-PROFIT...

  12. 20 CFR 435.4 - Deviations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ...Deviations. 435.4 Section 435.4 Employees' Benefits SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION UNIFORM ADMINISTRATIVE REQUIREMENTS FOR GRANTS AND AGREEMENTS WITH INSTITUTIONS OF HIGHER EDUCATION, HOSPITALS, OTHER NON-PROFIT...

  13. 20 CFR 435.4 - Deviations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ...Deviations. 435.4 Section 435.4 Employees' Benefits SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION UNIFORM ADMINISTRATIVE REQUIREMENTS FOR GRANTS AND AGREEMENTS WITH INSTITUTIONS OF HIGHER EDUCATION, HOSPITALS, OTHER NON-PROFIT...

  14. From Large Deviations to Statistical Mechanics

    E-print Network

    Ellis, Richard S.

    of large deviations has its roots in the work of Ludwig Boltzmann, the founder of statistical mechanics Boltzmann's insight is applied to prove a conditional limit theorem that addresses a basic issue arising

  15. 22 CFR 226.4 - Deviations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ...4 Foreign Relations AGENCY FOR INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT ADMINISTRATION OF ASSISTANCE AWARDS TO U.S. NON-GOVERNMENTAL ORGANIZATIONS General § 226.4 Deviations. The Office of Management and Budget (OMB) may grant...

  16. 48 CFR 201.404 - Class deviations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ..., and the Defense Logistics Agency, may approve any class deviation, other than those described in 201... department or agency; (B) Have a significant cost or administrative impact on contractors or offerors;...

  17. 48 CFR 201.404 - Class deviations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ..., and the Defense Logistics Agency, may approve any class deviation, other than those described in 201... department or agency; (B) Have a significant cost or administrative impact on contractors or offerors;...

  18. 48 CFR 201.404 - Class deviations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ..., and the Defense Logistics Agency, may approve any class deviation, other than those described in 201... department or agency; (B) Have a significant cost or administrative impact on contractors or offerors;...

  19. 48 CFR 201.404 - Class deviations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ..., and the Defense Logistics Agency, may approve any class deviation, other than those described in 201... department or agency; (B) Have a significant cost or administrative impact on contractors or offerors;...

  20. On geodesic deviation in Schwarzschild spacetime

    E-print Network

    Philipp, Dennis; Laemmerzahl, Claus; Deshpande, Kaustubh

    2015-01-01

    For metrology, geodesy and gravimetry in space, satellite based instruments and measurement techniques are used and the orbits of the satellites as well as possible deviations between nearby ones are of central interest. The measurement of this deviation itself gives insight into the underlying structure of the spacetime geometry, which is curved and therefore described by the theory of general relativity (GR). In the context of GR, the deviation of nearby geodesics can be described by the Jacobi equation that is a result of linearizing the geodesic equation around a known reference geodesic with respect to the deviation vector and the relative velocity. We review the derivation of this Jacobi equation and restrict ourselves to the simple case of the spacetime outside a spherically symmetric mass distribution and circular reference geodesics to find solutions by projecting the Jacobi equation on a parallel propagated tetrad as done by Fuchs. Using his results, we construct solutions of the Jacobi equation for...

  1. Deviation from quark-number scaling of the anisotropy parameter v_2 of pions, kaons, and protons in Au+Au collisions at sqrt(s_NN) = 200 GeV

    E-print Network

    A. Adare; S. Afanasiev; C. Aidala; N. N. Ajitanand; Y. Akiba; H. Al-Bataineh; J. Alexander; K. Aoki; Y. Aramaki; E. T. Atomssa; R. Averbeck; T. C. Awes; B. Azmoun; V. Babintsev; M. Bai; G. Baksay; L. Baksay; K. N. Barish; B. Bassalleck; A. T. Basye; S. Bathe; V. Baublis; C. Baumann; A. Bazilevsky; S. Belikov; R. Belmont; R. Bennett; A. Berdnikov; Y. Berdnikov; A. A. Bickley; J. S. Bok; K. Boyle; M. L. Brooks; H. Buesching; V. Bumazhnov; G. Bunce; S. Butsyk; C. M. Camacho; S. Campbell; C. -H. Chen; C. Y. Chi; M. Chiu; I. J. Choi; R. K. Choudhury; P. Christiansen; T. Chujo; P. Chung; O. Chvala; V. Cianciolo; Z. Citron; B. A. Cole; M. Connors; P. Constantin; M. Csanįd; T. Csörgö; T. Dahms; S. Dairaku; I. Danchev; K. Das; A. Datta; G. David; A. Denisov; A. Deshpande; E. J. Desmond; O. Dietzsch; A. Dion; M. Donadelli; O. Drapier; A. Drees; K. A. Drees; J. M. Durham; A. Durum; D. Dutta; S. Edwards; Y. V. Efremenko; F. Ellinghaus; T. Engelmore; A. Enokizono; H. En'yo; S. Esumi; B. Fadem; D. E. Fields; M. Finger; M. Finger; \\, Jr.; F. Fleuret; S. L. Fokin; Z. Fraenkel; J. E. Frantz; A. Franz; A. D. Frawley; K. Fujiwara; Y. Fukao; T. Fusayasu; I. Garishvili; A. Glenn; H. Gong; M. Gonin; Y. Goto; R. Granier de Cassagnac; N. Grau; S. V. Greene; M. Grosse Perdekamp; T. Gunji; H. -Å. Gustafsson; J. S. Haggerty; K. I. Hahn; H. Hamagaki; J. Hamblen; R. Han; J. Hanks; E. P. Hartouni; E. Haslum; R. Hayano; X. He; M. Heffner; T. K. Hemmick; T. Hester; J. C. Hill; M. Hohlmann; W. Holzmann; K. Homma; B. Hong; T. Horaguchi; D. Hornback; S. Huang; T. Ichihara; R. Ichimiya; J. Ide; Y. Ikeda; K. Imai; M. Inaba; D. Isenhower; M. Ishihara; T. Isobe; M. Issah; A. Isupov; D. Ivanischev; B. V. Jacak; J. Jia; J. Jin; B. M. Johnson; K. S. Joo; D. Jouan; D. S. Jumper; F. Kajihara; S. Kametani; N. Kamihara; J. Kamin; J. H. Kang; J. Kapustinsky; K. Karatsu; D. Kawall; M. Kawashima; A. V. Kazantsev; T. Kempel; A. Khanzadeev; K. M. Kijima; B. I. Kim; D. H. Kim; D. J. Kim; E. Kim; E. J. Kim; S. H. Kim; Y. J. Kim; E. Kinney; K. Kiriluk; Į. Kiss; E. Kistenev; L. Kochenda; B. Komkov; M. Konno; J. Koster; D. Kotchetkov; A. Kozlov; A. Krįl; A. Kravitz; G. J. Kunde; K. Kurita; M. Kurosawa; Y. Kwon; G. S. Kyle; R. Lacey; Y. S. Lai; J. G. Lajoie; A. Lebedev; D. M. Lee; J. Lee; K. Lee; K. B. Lee; K. S. Lee; M. J. Leitch; M. A. L. Leite; E. Leitner; B. Lenzi; X. Li; P. Liebing; L. A. Linden Levy; T. Liška; A. Litvinenko; H. Liu; M. X. Liu; B. Love; R. Luechtenborg; D. Lynch; C. F. Maguire; Y. I. Makdisi; A. Malakhov; M. D. Malik; V. I. Manko; E. Mannel; Y. Mao; H. Masui; F. Matathias; M. McCumber; P. L. McGaughey; N. Means; B. Meredith; Y. Miake; A. C. Mignerey; P. Mikeš; K. Miki; A. Milov; M. Mishra; J. T. Mitchell; A. K. Mohanty; Y. Morino; A. Morreale; D. P. Morrison; T. V. Moukhanova; J. Murata; S. Nagamiya; J. L. Nagle; M. Naglis; M. I. Nagy; I. Nakagawa; Y. Nakamiya; T. Nakamura; K. Nakano; J. Newby; M. Nguyen; R. Nouicer; A. S. Nyanin; E. O'Brien; S. X. Oda; C. A. Ogilvie; M. Oka; K. Okada; Y. Onuki; A. Oskarsson; M. Ouchida; K. Ozawa; R. Pak; V. Pantuev; V. Papavassiliou; I. H. Park; J. Park; S. K. Park; W. J. Park; S. F. Pate; H. Pei; J. -C. Peng; H. Pereira; V. Peresedov; D. Yu. Peressounko; C. Pinkenburg; R. P. Pisani; M. Proissl; M. L. Purschke; A. K. Purwar; H. Qu; J. Rak; A. Rakotozafindrabe; I. Ravinovich; K. F. Read; K. Reygers; V. Riabov; Y. Riabov; E. Richardson; D. Roach; G. Roche; S. D. Rolnick; M. Rosati; C. A. Rosen; S. S. E. Rosendahl; P. Rosnet; P. Rukoyatkin; P. Ruži?ka; B. Sahlmueller; N. Saito; T. Sakaguchi; K. Sakashita; V. Samsonov; S. Sano; T. Sato; S. Sawada; K. Sedgwick; J. Seele; R. Seidl; A. Yu. Semenov; R. Seto; D. Sharma; I. Shein; T. -A. Shibata; K. Shigaki; M. Shimomura; K. Shoji; P. Shukla; A. Sickles; C. L. Silva; D. Silvermyr; C. Silvestre; K. S. Sim; B. K. Singh; C. P. Singh; V. Singh; M. Slune?ka; R. A. Soltz; W. E. Sondheim; S. P. Sorensen; I. V. Sourikova; N. A. Sparks; P. W. Stankus; E. Stenlund; S. P. Stoll; T. Sugitate; A. Sukhanov; J. Sziklai; E. M. Takagui; A. Taketani; R. Tanabe; Y. Tanaka; K. Tanida; M. J. Tannenbaum; S. Tarafdar; A. Taranenko; P. Tarjįn; H. Themann; T. L. Thomas; M. Togawa; A. Toia; L. Tomįšek; H. Torii; R. S. Towell; I. Tserruya; Y. Tsuchimoto; C. Vale; H. Valle; H. W. van Hecke; E. Vazquez-Zambrano; A. Veicht; J. Velkovska; R. Vértesi; A. A. Vinogradov; M. Virius; V. Vrba; E. Vznuzdaev; X. R. Wang; D. Watanabe; K. Watanabe; Y. Watanabe; F. Wei; R. Wei; J. Wessels; S. N. White; D. Winter; J. P. Wood; C. L. Woody; R. M. Wright; M. Wysocki; W. Xie; Y. L. Yamaguchi; K. Yamaura; R. Yang; A. Yanovich; J. Ying; S. Yokkaichi; Z. You; G. R. Young; I. Younus; I. E. Yushmanov; W. A. Zajc; C. Zhang; S. Zhou; L. Zolin

    2012-03-12

    Measurements of the anisotropy parameter v_2 of identified hadrons (pions, kaons, and protons) as a function of centrality, transverse momentum p_T, and transverse kinetic energy KE_T at midrapidity (|\\eta|<0.35) in Au+Au collisions at sqrt(s_NN) = 200 GeV are presented. Pions and protons are identified up to p_T = 6 GeV/c, and kaons up to p_T = 4 GeV/c, by combining information from time-of-flight and aerogel Cherenkov detectors in the PHENIX Experiment. The scaling of v_2 with the number of valence quarks (n_q) has been studied in different centrality bins as a function of transverse momentum and transverse kinetic energy. A deviation from previously observed quark-number scaling is observed at large values of KE_T/n_q in noncentral Au+Au collisions (20--60%), but this scaling remains valid in central collisions (0--10%).

  2. WA1ms: A ?2.61 Ga muscovite standard for 40Ar/39Ar dating

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Jourdan, Fred; Frew, Adam; Joly, Aurore; Mayers, Celia; Evans, Noreen J.

    2014-09-01

    The 40Ar/39Ar dating technique requires the use of neutron fluence monitors (standards) to allow calculation of the age of a sample. Precise calibration of these standards is crucial to obtaining accurate ages and decreasing the uncertainties associated with 40Ar/39Ar dates. Few fully intercalibrated 40Ar/39Ar standards with a sufficient total fusion grain-to-grain reproducibility are currently in use in the argon community. For Precambrian samples, only Hb3gr hornblende (?1.08 Ga) yields sufficient grain-to-grain reproducibility and has an appropriate age for acceptable argon isotopic ratio measurements. Here, we present chemical and intercalibration results for a new ?2.61 Ga standard. WA1ms is a muscovite extracted from an Archaean shear zone in the Lake Johnston greenstone belt, Western Australia. In situ trace element analysis by ELA-ICPMS revealed consistent K contents, subtle zonation and intra-grain and grain-to-grain heterogeneities in Rb, Sr, Ti, and Fe but a lack of mineral inclusions.WA1ms has been investigated over 3 irradiations ranging from 25 to 40 h, in two reactors, with several disc positions and three grains sizes and has been calibrated against FCs and GA1550, and Hb3gr. Overall, we carried out 48 total fusion and 4 step-heating experiments of WA1ms crystals. Flat age spectra and average F-value (40Ar?/39ArK) relative standard deviations ranging from of 0.43% to 0.60% (P = 0.15-0.83) for 47/48 analyses demonstrate the reproducibility of WA1ms and its suitability as a reliable 40Ar/39Ar standard. We calculated R[WA1ms/FCs] = 205.59 ± 0.25, R[WA1ms/GA1550] = 57.25 ± 0.06 and R[WA1ms/Hb3gr] = 3.9713 ± 0.014 (all with P > 0.14) allowing direct comparison between WA1ms and any standards in used in the community, provided that they have been calibrated against any of the three standards used in the calibration and regardless of the age adopted for each of these standards. The recently revised decay constant values and standard ages proposed by Renne et al. (2011) yield a weighted mean age of 2614.2 ± 1.5 Ma (±0.055%; P = 0.8; 1?) for WA1ms against the three standards. When calibrated solely against FCs in order to minimize correlated errors between FCs vs. GA1550 and Hb3gr, we calculate a preferred age of 2613.0 ± 2.4 Ma (±0.09%) which is recommended when using this standard. Additionally, this corresponds to a 40Ar?/40K value of (0.3375 ± 0.0057) × 10-1 for WA1ms, which is independent of the value of the decay constant used for calculation and allows recalculation of the age of WA1ms for any preferred set of decay constants and standard ages. Using the constants proposed by Steiger and Jäger (1977) directly calculated from the three R-values, yields an age of 2598.2 ± 3.5 Ma corresponding to an identical, although less precise 40Ar?/40K value of (0.3375 ± 0.0086) × 10-1. Benefits of this standard include: (1) an increased relative precision per crystal analyzed relative to other standards for Proterozoic and Archaean samples, (2) no post-irradiation waiting time due to the absence of Ca (no need to wait for 37ArCa decay), and (3) loading of standard grains that are optically different from the unknown (e.g., pyroxene or hornblende) to avoid standard-unknown mixing. WA1ms is freely available to the 40Ar/39Ar community.

  3. Axis-1 diode simulations I: standard 2-inch cathode

    SciTech Connect

    Ekdahl, Carl

    2011-01-11

    The standard configuration of the DARHT Axis-I diode features a 5.08-cm diameter velvet emitter mounted in the flat surface of the cathode shroud. The surface of the velvet is slightly recessed {approx}2.5 mm. This configuration produces a 1.75 kA beam when a 3.8-MV pulse is applied to the anode-cathode (AK) gap. This note addresses some of the physics of this diode through the use of finite-element simulations.

  4. Maintaining Standards: Differences between the Standard Deviation and Standard Error, and

    E-print Network

    California at Santa Cruz, University of

    , confidence intervals, graphing Imagine that you've just discovered a new brain protein that causes otherwise 1996. This article is the eleventh in the series on Research Methods in Psychiatry. For previous articles please see Can J Psychiatry 1990;35:616­20, 1991; 36:357­62, 1993;38:9­13, 1993;38:140­8, 1994

  5. On geodesic deviation in Schwarzschild spacetime

    E-print Network

    Dennis Philipp; Volker Perlick; Claus Laemmerzahl; Kaustubh Deshpande

    2015-08-26

    For metrology, geodesy and gravimetry in space, satellite based instruments and measurement techniques are used and the orbits of the satellites as well as possible deviations between nearby ones are of central interest. The measurement of this deviation itself gives insight into the underlying structure of the spacetime geometry, which is curved and therefore described by the theory of general relativity (GR). In the context of GR, the deviation of nearby geodesics can be described by the Jacobi equation that is a result of linearizing the geodesic equation around a known reference geodesic with respect to the deviation vector and the relative velocity. We review the derivation of this Jacobi equation and restrict ourselves to the simple case of the spacetime outside a spherically symmetric mass distribution and circular reference geodesics to find solutions by projecting the Jacobi equation on a parallel propagated tetrad as done by Fuchs. Using his results, we construct solutions of the Jacobi equation for different physical initial scenarios inspired by satellite gravimetry missions and give a set of parameter together with their precise impact on satellite orbit deviation. We further consider the Newtonian analog and construct the full solution, that exhibits a similar structure, within this theory.

  6. On large deviations for ensembles of distributions

    SciTech Connect

    Khrychev, D A

    2013-11-30

    The paper is concerned with the large deviations problem in the Freidlin-Wentzell formulation without the assumption of the uniqueness of the solution to the equation involving white noise. In other words, it is assumed that for each ?>0 the nonempty set P{sub ?} of weak solutions is not necessarily a singleton. Analogues of a number of concepts in the theory of large deviations are introduced for the set (P{sub ?}, ?>0), hereafter referred to as an ensemble of distributions. The ensembles of weak solutions of an n-dimensional stochastic Navier-Stokes system and stochastic wave equation with power-law nonlinearity are shown to be uniformly exponentially tight. An idempotent Wiener process in a Hilbert space and idempotent partial differential equations are defined. The accumulation points in the sense of large deviations of the ensembles in question are shown to be weak solutions of the corresponding idempotent equations. Bibliography: 14 titles.

  7. 29 CFR 1925.2 - Safety and health standards.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ...2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Safety and health standards. 1925...Relating to Labor (Continued) OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR (CONTINUED) SAFETY AND HEALTH STANDARDS FOR...

  8. 29 CFR 1925.2 - Safety and health standards.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ...2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Safety and health standards. 1925...Relating to Labor (Continued) OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR (CONTINUED) SAFETY AND HEALTH STANDARDS FOR...

  9. 29 CFR 1925.2 - Safety and health standards.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ...2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Safety and health standards. 1925...Relating to Labor (Continued) OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR (CONTINUED) SAFETY AND HEALTH STANDARDS FOR...

  10. 29 CFR 1925.2 - Safety and health standards.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Safety and health standards. 1925...Relating to Labor (Continued) OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR (CONTINUED) SAFETY AND HEALTH STANDARDS FOR...

  11. 2 CFR 215.21 - Standards for financial management systems.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ...2013-01-01 false Standards for financial management systems. 215.21 Section...215.21 Standards for financial management systems. (a) Federal...practical. (b) Recipients' financial management systems shall provide...

  12. 2 CFR 215.21 - Standards for financial management systems.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ...2010-01-01 false Standards for financial management systems. 215.21 Section...215.21 Standards for financial management systems. (a) Federal...practical. (b) Recipients' financial management systems shall provide...

  13. 2 CFR 215.21 - Standards for financial management systems.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ...2012-01-01 false Standards for financial management systems. 215.21 Section...215.21 Standards for financial management systems. (a) Federal...practical. (b) Recipients' financial management systems shall provide...

  14. 2 CFR 215.21 - Standards for financial management systems.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ...2011-01-01 false Standards for financial management systems. 215.21 Section...215.21 Standards for financial management systems. (a) Federal...practical. (b) Recipients' financial management systems shall provide...

  15. Convergence of large-deviation estimators

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Rohwer, Christian M.; Angeletti, Florian; Touchette, Hugo

    2015-11-01

    We study the convergence of statistical estimators used in the estimation of large-deviation functions describing the fluctuations of equilibrium, nonequilibrium, and manmade stochastic systems. We give conditions for the convergence of these estimators with sample size, based on the boundedness or unboundedness of the quantity sampled, and discuss how statistical errors should be defined in different parts of the convergence region. Our results shed light on previous reports of "phase transitions" in the statistics of free energy estimators and establish a general framework for reliably estimating large-deviation functions from simulation and experimental data and identifying parameter regions where this estimation converges.

  16. 75 FR 66734 - Proposed Voluntary Product Standard PS 2-10, Structural Plywood

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-10-29

    ...The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) is soliciting public comment on a proposed revision to Voluntary Product Standard (PS) 2-04, Performance Standard for Wood-Based Structural-Use Panels. This revised standard, PS 2-10, was prepared by the Standing Committee for PS 2 and establishes requirements, for those who choose to adhere to the standard, for the structural criteria......

  17. 48 CFR 809.104-2 - Special standards.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Special standards. 809.104... Special standards. (a) For a pre-award survey prescribed by 809.106-1, a contracting officer must develop special standards of sanitation applicable to the acquisition of subsistence and services prescribed...

  18. Non standard neutrino interactions at LEP2 and the LHC

    E-print Network

    Sacha Davidson; Veronica Sanz

    2011-10-07

    We consider Non-Standard neutrino Interactions (NSI) connecting two neutrinos with two first-generation fermions ($e, u$ or $d$), which we assume to arise at at dimension eight due to New Physics. The coefficient is normalised as $4 \\epsilon G_F/\\sqrt{2}$. We explore signatures of NSI-on-electrons at LEP2, and of NSI-on-quarks at the LHC, treating the NSI as contact interactions at both energies. In models where the coefficients of dangerous dimension six operators are suppressed by cancellations, LEP2 provides interesting bounds on NSI operators ($\\epsilon \\lsim 10^{-2} - 10^{-3}$), which arise because $\\sqrt{s} \\sim 200$ GeV, and the cancellation applied at zero momentum transfer. At the LHC, we use the Equivalence Theorem, which relates the longitudinal $W$ to the Higgs, to estimate the rate for $\\bar{q} q W^+W^- e_\\alpha^+ e_\\beta^-$ induced by NSI. We find that the cross-section is small, but that the outgoing particles have very high $p_T > 400$ GeV, which reduces the issue of backgrounds. In a conservative scenario, we find that the LHC at 14 TeV and with 100 fb$^{-1}$ of data would have a sensitivity to $\\epsilon \\gsim 3 \\times 10^{-3}$.

  19. Non standard neutrino interactions at LEP2 and the LHC

    E-print Network

    Davidson, Sacha

    2011-01-01

    We consider Non-Standard neutrino Interactions (NSI) connecting two neutrinos with two first-generation fermions ($e, u$ or $d$), which we assume to arise at at dimension eight due to New Physics. The coefficient is normalised as $4 \\epsilon G_F/\\sqrt{2}$. We explore signatures of NSI-on-electrons at LEP2, and of NSI-on-quarks at the LHC, treating the NSI as contact interactions at both energies. In models where the coefficients of dangerous dimension six operators are suppressed by cancellations, LEP2 provides interesting bounds on NSI operators ($\\epsilon \\lsim 10^{-2} - 10^{-3}$), which arise because $\\sqrt{s} \\sim 200$ GeV, and the cancellation applied at zero momentum transfer. At the LHC, we use the Equivalence Theorem, which relates the longitudinal $W$ to the Higgs, to estimate the rate for $\\bar{q} q W^+W^- e_\\alpha^+ e_\\beta^-$ induced by NSI. We find that the cross-section is small, but that the outgoing particles have very high $p_T > 400$ GeV, which reduces the issue of backgrounds. In a conserva...

  20. Solutions to micromagnetic standard problem No. 2 using square grids

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lopez-Diaz, L.; Alejos, O.; Torres, L.; Iniguez, J. I.

    1999-04-01

    Solutions to micromagnetic standard problem No. 2 are presented in this article and the main features of the computational techniques used are discussed. Values of coercivity and remanence have been obtained in the range 0.8

  1. Surveying Standard Model Flux Vacua on $T^6/Z_2\\times Z_2$

    E-print Network

    Jason Kumar; James D. Wells

    2005-07-05

    We consider the SU(2)LxSU(2)R Standard Model brane embedding in an orientifold of T6/Z2xZ2. Within defined limits, we construct all such Standard Model brane embeddings and determine the relative number of flux vacua for each construction. Supersymmetry preserving brane recombination in the hidden sector enables us to identify many solutions with high flux. We discuss in detail the phenomenology of one model which is likely to dominate the counting of vacua. While Kahler moduli stabilization remains to be fully understood, we define the criteria necessary for generic constructions to have fixed moduli.

  2. Attempt of quantitative determination of ocular deviation using a pupillometer

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Iwata, Yo; Handa, Tomoya; Ishikawa, Hitoshi; Shoji, Nobuyuki; Shimizu, Kimiya

    2015-11-01

    Abstract Purpose To measure the ocular deviation using a binocular open-view type pupillometer. 2"> Methods Ocular deviation was measured using a phorometer, a binocular open-view type pupillometer, and the alternate prism cover test (APCT). The mean and confidence interval, and the difference between the two measurements were evaluated using a Bland-Altman Plot. Agreement between them was assessed using the intraclass coefficient (ICC). Results The ocular deviation was -1.34±1.54° for the phorometer and -2.46±1.77° for APCT. The two measurements showed moderate agreement (ICC = 0.89). Conclusion Binocular open-view type pupillometer can measure ocular deviation which is not influenced by the examiner.

  3. Bodily Deviations and Body Image in Adolescence

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Vilhjalmsson, Runar; Kristjansdottir, Gudrun; Ward, Dianne S.

    2012-01-01

    Adolescents with unusually sized or shaped bodies may experience ridicule, rejection, or exclusion based on their negatively valued bodily characteristics. Such experiences can have negative consequences for a person's image and evaluation of self. This study focuses on the relationship between bodily deviations and body image and is based on a…

  4. 48 CFR 1480.403 - Deviations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... the IA Procurement Chief, absent a CCO). Exceeding $550,000 but not exceeding $11.5 million IA Competition Advocate. Exceeding $11.5 million but not exceeding $57 million The head of the procuring activity... acquisition using the order of precedence established in FAR 8.001. (c) Deviations may be authorized...

  5. 14 CFR 1260.104 - Deviations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 5 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Deviations. 1260.104 Section 1260.104 Aeronautics and Space NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION GRANTS AND COOPERATIVE AGREEMENTS Uniform Administrative Requirements for Grants and Cooperative Agreements With Institutions of Higher...

  6. Manifestations of Deviation in the Adolescent Subculture

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sobkin, V. S.; Abrosimova, Z. B.; Adamchuk, D. V.; Baranova, E. V.

    2005-01-01

    In this article the authors look at questions relating to school students' attitudes toward types of deviation such as smoking and the use of alcohol and narcotics. The empirical material is divided into the following topics: how widespread these forms of behavior are; motives that cause adolescents to start smoking, using alcohol, and taking…

  7. 14 CFR 1260.7 - Deviations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ...” within the meaning of the Paperwork Reduction Act (44 U.S.C. 35) and its implementation in 5 CFR part... 14 Aeronautics and Space 5 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Deviations. 1260.7 Section 1260.7 Aeronautics and Space NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION GRANTS AND COOPERATIVE AGREEMENTS...

  8. 14 CFR 1260.7 - Deviations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ...” within the meaning of the Paperwork Reduction Act (44 U.S.C. 35) and its implementation in 5 CFR part... 14 Aeronautics and Space 5 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Deviations. 1260.7 Section 1260.7 Aeronautics and Space NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION GRANTS AND COOPERATIVE AGREEMENTS...

  9. 14 CFR 1260.7 - Deviations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ...” within the meaning of the Paperwork Reduction Act (44 U.S.C. 35) and its implementation in 5 CFR part... 14 Aeronautics and Space 5 2011-01-01 2010-01-01 true Deviations. 1260.7 Section 1260.7 Aeronautics and Space NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION GRANTS AND COOPERATIVE AGREEMENTS...

  10. 14 CFR 1260.7 - Deviations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ...” within the meaning of the Paperwork Reduction Act (44 U.S.C. 35) and its implementation in 5 CFR part... 14 Aeronautics and Space 5 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Deviations. 1260.7 Section 1260.7 Aeronautics and Space NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION GRANTS AND COOPERATIVE AGREEMENTS...

  11. 14 CFR 1260.7 - Deviations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ...” within the meaning of the Paperwork Reduction Act (44 U.S.C. 35) and its implementation in 5 CFR part... 14 Aeronautics and Space 5 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Deviations. 1260.7 Section 1260.7 Aeronautics and Space NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION GRANTS AND COOPERATIVE AGREEMENTS...

  12. 41 CFR 109-1.5304 - Deviations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... High Risk Personal Property § 109-1.5304 Deviations. (a) Life cycle control determinations. When the HFO approves a contractor program containing controls, other than life cycle control consistent with... Secretary for Procurement and Assistance Management. A HFO's decision not to provide life-cycle...

  13. Measuring the deviation from the Rutherford formula

    E-print Network

    E. A. Kuraev; M. Shatnev; E. Tomasi-Gustafsson

    2009-06-25

    Modern experiments with heavy ion-leptons collisions open the possibility to measure the deviation of cross section of small angles electron(positron)-ion elastic scattering from the Rutherford formula due to multiple virtual photons exchange. The charge asymmetry and the polarization of the scattered leptons are calculated and numerical predictions are given. A generalization to elastic proton-nucleus scattering is discussed.

  14. Non standard neutrino interactions at LEP2 and the LHC

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Davidson, Sacha; Sanz, Veronica

    2013-02-01

    We consider Non-Standard neutrino Interactions (NSI) connecting two neutrinos with two first-generation fermions (e, u or d), which we assume to arise at dimension eight due to New Physics. The coefficient is normalised as 4epsilonGF/. We explore signatures of NSI-on-electrons at LEP2, and of NSI-on-quarks at the LHC, treating the NSI as contact interactions at both energies. In models where the coefficients of dangerous dimension six operators are suppressed by cancellations, LEP2 provides interesting bounds on NSI operators (epsilon 10-2 - 10-3), which arise because ~ 200 GeV, and the cancellation applied at zero momentum transfer. At the LHC, we use the Equivalence Theorem, which relates the longitudinal W to the Higgs, to estimate the rate for bar qq ? W+W-e+?e-? induced by NSI. We find that the cross-section is small, but that the outgoing particles have very high pT > 400 GeV, which reduces the issue of backgrounds. In a conservative scenario, we find that the LHC at 14 TeV and with 100 fb-1 of data would have a sensitivity to epsilon 3 × 10-3.

  15. Extensions to the Beta Secondary Standard BSS 2

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Behrens, R.; Buchholz, G.

    2011-11-01

    Since several years, the irradiation facility for beta radiation, the Beta Secondary Standard BSS 2 developed at PTB, has been in worldwide use for the performance of irradiations with calibrated beta sources. Due to recent developments in eye tumor therapy, in eye lens dosimetry, and in soft- and hardware technology, several extensions have been added to the BSS 2. These extensions are described in this paper: 1. The possibility of using a 106Ru/106Rh beta source was added as this radionuclide is often used in tumor therapy. 2. The (small) contribution due to photon radiation was included in the dose (rate) reported by the BSS 2, as this was missing in the past. 3. The quantity personal dose equivalent at a depth of 3 mm, Hp(3), was implemented due to recent findings on the radio sensitivity of the eye lens regarding cataract induction and the subsequent lowering of the dose limit from 150 mSv down to 20 mSv per year; 4. The correction for ambient conditions (air temperature, pressure, and relative humidity) was improved in order to adequately handle the quantity Hp(3) and in order to extend the range of use beyond 25°C. 5. A checksum test was added to the software to secure the calibration data against (un)intended changes. 6. The connection of the PC and the BSS 2 has been changed to a network interface (TCP/IP) in order to be able to use up-to-date computers not containing a parallel and a serial port. 7. A rod phantom was added in order to make sure the mechanical set-up is of high quality. All these extensions have been implemented in the PTB's BSS 2 model. The routine implementation of extension 1 is still under investigation by the manufacturer. The commercially available BSS 2 will contain extensions 2 to 6 starting approximately in 2012, while extension 7 has already been incorporated since 2011. Extensions 2 to 4 will also be available for old BSS 2 versions via a software update, starting approximately at the beginning of 2012. Extension 6 will be available via hardware change by the manufacturer.

  16. 77 FR 69620 - Proposed Information Collection Request; Comment Request; Renewable Fuels Standard (RFS2) Program

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-11-20

    ...Collection Request; Comment Request; Renewable Fuels Standard (RFS2) Program AGENCY...information collection request (ICR), ``Renewable Fuels Standard (RFS2) Program...the Agency's CDX and petitions for renewable fuels pathways from the regulated...

  17. 78 FR 11870 - Proposed Information Collection Request; Comment Request; Renewable Fuels Standard (RFS2) Program

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-02-20

    ...Collection Request; Comment Request; Renewable Fuels Standard (RFS2) Program AGENCY...information collection request (ICR), ``Renewable Fuels Standard (RFS2) Program...users, generation and assignment of Renewable Identification Numbers (RINs)...

  18. Standard spacecraft economic analysis. Volume 2: Findings and conclusions

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Harris, E. D.; Large, J. P.

    1976-01-01

    The comparative program costs associated with use of various standardized spacecraft for Air Force space test program missions to be flown on the space shuttle were studied in two phases. In the first phase, a variety of procurement mixes composed of existing or programmed NASA standard spacecraft designs and an Air Force standard spacecraft design were considered. The second phase dealt with additional procurement options using an upgraded version of an existing NASA design. The results of both phases are discussed.

  19. STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURE for XeF2 Etcher Coral Name: XeF2

    E-print Network

    Reif, Rafael

    STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURE for XeF2 Etcher Coral Name: XeF2 Model #: SE Tech ES-2000XM Location a recipe, and run a process. You must receive training before using the XeF2 etcher. Before operating while operating this machine, report them immediately by sending e-mail to XeF2@fab.mit.edu. The staff

  20. 9 CFR 318.308 - Deviations in processing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ...) Deviations in processing (or process deviations) must be handled according to: (1)(i) A HACCP plan for canned...) of this section. (c) (d) Procedures for handling process deviations where the HACCP plan...

  1. 9 CFR 318.308 - Deviations in processing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ...) Deviations in processing (or process deviations) must be handled according to: (1)(i) A HACCP plan for canned...) of this section. (c) (d) Procedures for handling process deviations where the HACCP plan...

  2. 40 CFR 50.18 - National primary ambient air quality standards for PM2.5.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ...primary ambient air quality standards for PM2.5. 50.18 Section 50.18 Protection...primary ambient air quality standards for PM2.5 . (a) The national primary ambient air quality standards for PM2.5 are 12.0 micrograms per cubic...

  3. 40 CFR 50.18 - National primary ambient air quality standards for PM2.5.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ...primary ambient air quality standards for PM2.5. 50.18 Section 50.18 Protection...primary ambient air quality standards for PM2.5 . (a) The national primary ambient air quality standards for PM2.5 are 12.0 micrograms per cubic...

  4. 40 CFR 1037.105 - Exhaust emission standards for CO2 for vocational vehicles.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... false Exhaust emission standards for CO2 for vocational vehicles. 1037.105...1037.105 Exhaust emission standards for CO2 for vocational vehicles. (a) The...under § 1037.150(m). (b) The CO2 standards of this section are given...

  5. 40 CFR 1037.105 - Exhaust emission standards for CO2 for vocational vehicles.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... false Exhaust emission standards for CO2 for vocational vehicles. 1037.105...1037.105 Exhaust emission standards for CO2 for vocational vehicles. (a) The...under § 1037.150(m). (b) The CO2 standards of this section are given...

  6. 40 CFR 1037.105 - Exhaust emission standards for CO2 for vocational vehicles.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... false Exhaust emission standards for CO2 for vocational vehicles. 1037.105...1037.105 Exhaust emission standards for CO2 for vocational vehicles. (a) The...under § 1037.150(m). (b) The CO2 standards of this section are given...

  7. 48 CFR 239.7102-2 - Compromising emanations-TEMPEST or other standard.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...-TEMPEST or other standard. 239.7102-2 Section 239.7102-2 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEFENSE... INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY Security and Privacy for Computer Systems 239.7102-2 Compromising emanations—TEMPEST or....e., an established National TEMPEST standard (e.g., NACSEM 5100, NACSIM 5100A) or a standard used...

  8. 48 CFR 239.7102-2 - Compromising emanations-TEMPEST or other standard.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ...-TEMPEST or other standard. 239.7102-2 Section 239.7102-2 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEFENSE... INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY Security and Privacy for Computer Systems 239.7102-2 Compromising emanations—TEMPEST or....e., an established National TEMPEST standard (e.g., NACSEM 5100, NACSIM 5100A) or a standard used...

  9. 48 CFR 239.7102-2 - Compromising emanations-TEMPEST or other standard.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ...-TEMPEST or other standard. 239.7102-2 Section 239.7102-2 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEFENSE... INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY Security and Privacy for Computer Systems 239.7102-2 Compromising emanations—TEMPEST or....e., an established National TEMPEST standard (e.g., NACSEM 5100, NACSIM 5100A) or a standard used...

  10. 48 CFR 239.7102-2 - Compromising emanations-TEMPEST or other standard.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ...-TEMPEST or other standard. 239.7102-2 Section 239.7102-2 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEFENSE... INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY Security and Privacy for Computer Systems 239.7102-2 Compromising emanations—TEMPEST or....e., an established National TEMPEST standard (e.g., NACSEM 5100, NACSIM 5100A) or a standard used...

  11. 48 CFR 239.7102-2 - Compromising emanations-TEMPEST or other standard.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ...-TEMPEST or other standard. 239.7102-2 Section 239.7102-2 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEFENSE... INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY Security and Privacy for Computer Systems 239.7102-2 Compromising emanations—TEMPEST or....e., an established National TEMPEST standard (e.g., NACSEM 5100, NACSIM 5100A) or a standard used...

  12. Probing deviations from General Relativity with the Euclid spectroscopic survey

    E-print Network

    Elisabetta Majerotto; Luigi Guzzo; Lado Samushia; Will J. Percival; Yun Wang; Sylvain de la Torre; Bianca Garilli; Paolo Franzetti; Emanuel Rossetti; Andrea Cimatti; Carmelita Carbone; Nathan Roche; Giovanni Zamorani

    2012-05-28

    We discuss the ability of the planned Euclid mission to detect deviations from General Relativity using its extensive redshift survey of more than 50 Million galaxies. Constraints on the gravity theory are placed measuring the growth rate of structure within 14 redshift bins between z=0.7 and z=2. The growth rate is measured from redshift-space distortions, i.e. the anisotropy of the clustering pattern induced by coherent peculiar motions. This is performed in the overall context of the Euclid spectroscopic survey, which will simultaneously measure the expansion history of the universe, using the power spectrum and its baryonic features as a standard ruler, accounting for the relative degeneracies of expansion and growth parameters. The resulting expected errors on the growth rate in the different redshift bins, expressed through the quantity f\\sigma_8, range between 1.3% and 4.4%. We discuss the optimisation of the survey configuration and investigate the important dependence on the growth parameterisation and the assumed cosmological model. We show how a specific parameterisation could actually drive the design towards artificially restricted regions of the parameter space. Finally, in the framework of the popular "\\gamma -parameterisation", we show that the Euclid spectroscopic survey alone will already be able to provide substantial evidence (in Bayesian terms) if the growth index differs from the GR value \\gamma=0.55 by at least \\sim 0.13. This will combine with the comparable inference power provided by the Euclid weak lensing survey, resulting in Euclid's unique ability to provide a decisive test of modified gravity.

  13. Dissociated vertical deviation-a clinical and laboratory study.

    PubMed Central

    Helveston, E M

    1980-01-01

    The previously reported nomenclature and clinical characteristics of dissociated vertical deviation have been recorded. The incidence and characteristics of DVD have been determined by evaluation of 1,000 consecutive strabismus or nystagmus patients, and with selected chart study carried out on the 111 DVD patients found in this series. Electro-oculographic studies of selected patients with DVD provided objective evidence of the speed and amplitude of the ocular movements in DVD. Bell phenomenon, strabismus sursoadductorius and the Bielschowsky phenomenon were recorded and compared to clinical findings of strabismus patients with DVD. The technique for the results of surgery for DVD were described. Dissociated vertical deviation was characterized as a component of the overall strabismus picture. Images FIGURE 1 A FIGURE 1 B FIGURE 1 C FIGURE 1 D FIGURE 1 E FIGURE 2 A FIGURE 2 B FIGURE 2 C FIGURE 3 A FIGURE 3 B FIGURE 3 C FIGURE 4 A FIGURE 4 B PMID:7020216

  14. 48 CFR 52.211-2 - Availability of Specifications, Standards, and Data Item Descriptions Listed in the Acquisition...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ...Streamlining and Standardization Information System (ASSIST). 52.211-2...Streamlining and Standardization Information System (ASSIST). As prescribed...Streamlining and Standardization Information System (ASSIST) (JAN 2006)...

  15. 48 CFR 52.211-2 - Availability of Specifications, Standards, and Data Item Descriptions Listed in the Acquisition...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...Streamlining and Standardization Information System (ASSIST). 52.211-2...Streamlining and Standardization Information System (ASSIST). As prescribed...Streamlining and Standardization Information System (ASSIST) (JAN 2006)...

  16. 48 CFR 52.211-2 - Availability of Specifications, Standards, and Data Item Descriptions Listed in the Acquisition...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ...Streamlining and Standardization Information System (ASSIST). 52.211-2...Streamlining and Standardization Information System (ASSIST). As prescribed...Streamlining and Standardization Information System (ASSIST) (JAN 2006)...

  17. 48 CFR 52.211-2 - Availability of Specifications, Standards, and Data Item Descriptions Listed in the Acquisition...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ...Streamlining and Standardization Information System (ASSIST). 52.211-2...Streamlining and Standardization Information System (ASSIST). As prescribed...Streamlining and Standardization Information System (ASSIST) (APR 2014)...

  18. 48 CFR 52.211-2 - Availability of Specifications, Standards, and Data Item Descriptions Listed in the Acquisition...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ...Streamlining and Standardization Information System (ASSIST). 52.211-2...Streamlining and Standardization Information System (ASSIST). As prescribed...Streamlining and Standardization Information System (ASSIST) (JAN 2006)...

  19. 48 CFR 945.608-2 - Standard screening.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... Standard screening. (b)(1) Prior to reporting excess property to GSA, all reportable property, as identified in Federal Property Management Regulations 41 CFR 101-43.4801, shall be reported to the... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Standard screening....

  20. Deviations from LTE in a stellar atmosphere

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Kalkofen, W.; Klein, R. I.; Stein, R. F.

    1979-01-01

    Deviations for LTE are investigated in an atmosphere of hydrogen atoms with one bound level, satisfying the equations of radiative, hydrostatic, and statistical equilibrium. The departure coefficient and the kinetic temperature as functions of the frequency dependence of the radiative cross section are studied analytically and numerically. Near the outer boundary of the atmosphere, the departure coefficient is smaller than unity when the radiative cross section grows with frequency faster than with the square of frequency; it exceeds unity otherwise. Far from the boundary the departure coefficient tends to exceed unity for any frequency dependence of the radiative cross section. Overpopulation always implies that the kinetic temperature in the statistical-equilibrium atmosphere is higher than the temperature in the corresponding LTE atmosphere. Upper and lower bounds on the kinetic temperature are given for an atmosphere with deviations from LTE only in the optically shallow layers when the emergent intensity can be described by a radiation temperature.

  1. The Gold-plated mode revisited: sin(2 beta) and B^0 to J/Psi K_S in the Standard Model

    E-print Network

    Heike Boos; Thomas Mannel; Jurgen Reuter

    2004-03-08

    We study the corrections to the determination of sin(2 beta) from the time dependent CP asymmetry of B^0 to J/Psi K_S which arise in the standard model. Although a precise prediction of these corrections is not possible we find that they are indeed extremely small, of the order of less than a per mil of the observed value. This means in turn that any deviation visible at the B factories will be a clear signal for new physics.

  2. 40 CFR 61.242-2 - Standards: Pumps.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ...) The barrier fluid is not in VHAP service and, if the pump is covered by standards under 40 CFR part 60... employ a gas chromatography column to limit the response of the monitor to VHAP, at the option of...

  3. 40 CFR 61.242-2 - Standards: Pumps.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ...) The barrier fluid is not in VHAP service and, if the pump is covered by standards under 40 CFR part 60... employ a gas chromatography column to limit the response of the monitor to VHAP, at the option of...

  4. 7 CFR 653.2 - Technical standards and criteria.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... guidance and direction needed to assure that the practices meet the intended purpose and are of the quality needed to assure lasting for the design life. Standards and criteria are developed in consultation...

  5. 7 CFR 653.2 - Technical standards and criteria.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... guidance and direction needed to assure that the practices meet the intended purpose and are of the quality needed to assure lasting for the design life. Standards and criteria are developed in consultation...

  6. 40 CFR 60.562-2 - Standards: Equipment leaks of VOC.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 7 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Standards: Equipment leaks of VOC. 60.562-2 Section 60.562-2 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS (CONTINUED) STANDARDS OF PERFORMANCE FOR NEW STATIONARY SOURCES Standards of Performance for Volatile Organic Compound (VOC) Emissions from...

  7. 40 CFR 60.562-2 - Standards: Equipment leaks of VOC.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 7 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Standards: Equipment leaks of VOC. 60.562-2 Section 60.562-2 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS (CONTINUED) STANDARDS OF PERFORMANCE FOR NEW STATIONARY SOURCES Standards of Performance for Volatile Organic Compound (VOC) Emissions from...

  8. 40 CFR 60.482-2 - Standards: Pumps in light liquid service.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 7 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Standards: Pumps in light liquid service. 60.482-2 Section 60.482-2 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS (CONTINUED) STANDARDS OF PERFORMANCE FOR NEW STATIONARY SOURCES Standards of Performance for Equipment Leaks of VOC in the...

  9. 40 CFR 60.482-2 - Standards: Pumps in light liquid service.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 7 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Standards: Pumps in light liquid service. 60.482-2 Section 60.482-2 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS (CONTINUED) STANDARDS OF PERFORMANCE FOR NEW STATIONARY SOURCES Standards of Performance for Equipment Leaks of VOC in the...

  10. 40 CFR 60.482-2a - Standards: Pumps in light liquid service.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 7 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Standards: Pumps in light liquid service. 60.482-2a Section 60.482-2a Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS (CONTINUED) STANDARDS OF PERFORMANCE FOR NEW STATIONARY SOURCES Standards of Performance for Equipment Leaks of VOC in the...

  11. 40 CFR 60.482-2a - Standards: Pumps in light liquid service.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 7 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Standards: Pumps in light liquid service. 60.482-2a Section 60.482-2a Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS (CONTINUED) STANDARDS OF PERFORMANCE FOR NEW STATIONARY SOURCES Standards of Performance for Equipment Leaks of VOC in the...

  12. Home economics 12-16 - the articulation of S1 and S2 with standard grade 

    E-print Network

    Bryson, Wilma D.

    1991-01-01

    The purpose of this project is to discover whether articulation occurs between S1 and S2 Standard Grade. By "Articulation", one means considering whether the common course structure has fluently and coherently joined into Standard Grade. The issues...

  13. 40 CFR 60.562-2 - Standards: Equipment leaks of VOC.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...Standards of Performance for Volatile Organic Compound (VOC) Emissions from the Polymer Manufacturing Industry § 60.562-2 Standards...technologically-required feature of the pump whereby polymer fluid used to provide lubrication...

  14. 40 CFR 60.562-2 - Standards: Equipment leaks of VOC.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...Standards of Performance for Volatile Organic Compound (VOC) Emissions from the Polymer Manufacturing Industry § 60.562-2 Standards...technologically-required feature of the pump whereby polymer fluid used to provide lubrication...

  15. A Standardized Interpolation of Temperature Using Rhodium-Iron Resistance Thermometers Over the Interval 4.2 K to 24.5 K

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tew, W. L.; Rusby, R. L.; Lin, P.; Lipinski, L.; Steur, P. P. M.; Ricketson, B. W. A.

    2015-08-01

    The worldwide history and present state of development of rhodium-iron resistance thermometers (RIRTs) is briefly reviewed. A standardized interpolation method using RIRTs with the nominal composition of 0.5 % Fe (by mole) is presented, with examples using data taken from 60 RIRTs made from a variety of wire batches and sources worldwide over the last 40 years. The parameterization exploits the favorable characteristics of the Cragoe reduced resistance and a suitably reduced temperature . A reference function which approximates the average characteristics of selected wire is derived for use over the interval 0.65 K to 24.5561 K on the ITS-90. The deviations of real RIRT data from this reference function are examined, and simple four-parameter Fourier-series solutions for the resulting deviation curves are presented. Despite the fact that the wire samples may be of different origins or state-of-anneal, it was found that the interpolations are successful for most of the samples studied over the 4.2 K to 24.5561 K interval, at the level of 1 standard uncertainty or less. This method would allow for calibrations of most RIRTs over this interval using only six calibration points, permitting an efficiency not achievable using the common least-squares curve-fitting calibration methods. The potential of this formalism for a standardized interpolation scheme using RIRTs is discussed.

  16. Deviations from Keplerian Orbits for Solar Sails

    E-print Network

    Roman Ya. Kezerashvili; Justin F. Vazquez-Poritz

    2009-07-20

    It is shown that the curvature of spacetime, a possible net electric charge on the sun, a small positive cosmological constant and the oblateness of the sun, in conjunction with solar radiation pressure (SPR), affect the bound orbital motion of solar sails and lead to deviations from Kepler's third law for heliocentric and non-Keplerian orbits. With regards to the Lense-Thirring effect, the SRP increases the amount of precession per orbit for polar orbits. Non-Keplerian polar orbits exhibit an analog of the Lense-Thirring effect in which the orbital plane precesses around the sun.

  17. 40 CFR Table 2 to Subpart Jjjjjj... - Work Practice Standards, Emission Reduction Measures, and Management Practices

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... Reduction Measures, and Management Practices 2 Table 2 to Subpart JJJJJJ of Part 63 Protection of.... JJJJJJ, Table 2 Table 2 to Subpart JJJJJJ of Part 63—Work Practice Standards, Emission Reduction Measures... practice standards, emission reduction measures, and management practices: If your boiler is in...

  18. 40 CFR Table 2 to Subpart Jjjjjj... - Work Practice Standards, Emission Reduction Measures, and Management Practices

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... Reduction Measures, and Management Practices 2 Table 2 to Subpart JJJJJJ of Part 63 Protection of.... JJJJJJ, Table 2 Table 2 to Subpart JJJJJJ of Part 63—Work Practice Standards, Emission Reduction Measures... practice standards, emission reduction measures, and management practices: If your boiler is in...

  19. 40 CFR Table 2 to Subpart Jjjjjj... - Work Practice Standards, Emission Reduction Measures, and Management Practices

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... Reduction Measures, and Management Practices 2 Table 2 to Subpart JJJJJJ of Part 63 Protection of.... JJJJJJ, Table 2 Table 2 to Subpart JJJJJJ of Part 63—Work Practice Standards, Emission Reduction Measures... practice standards, emission reduction measures, and management practices: If your boiler is in...

  20. 30 CFR 285.658 - Can my cable or pipeline construction deviate from my approved COP or GAP?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 2 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Can my cable or pipeline construction deviate... Pipeline Deviations § 285.658 Can my cable or pipeline construction deviate from my approved COP or GAP? (a) You must make every effort to ensure that all cables and pipelines are constructed in a manner...

  1. Trade Electricity. Lighting--Level 2. Standardized Curriculum.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    New York City Board of Education, Brooklyn, NY. Office of Occupational and Career Education.

    This curriculum guide consists of nine modules on lighting, one of the three divisions of the standardized trade electricity curriculum in high schools in New York City. The nine modules cover the following subjects: armored cable, rigid conduit, electrical metallic tubing, services and meters, fluorescent lighting, metal molding, wiremold, Romex,…

  2. 40 CFR 205.55-2 - Compliance with standards.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... with standards. (a)(1) Prior to distribution in commerce of vehicles of a specific configuration, the...) Other. (b) Engine manufacturer. (c) Engine displacement. (d) Engine configuration (e.g., L-6, V-8, etc.). (e) Series (i.e., cab design) including but not limited to conventional, cab over engine, and...

  3. 2 CFR 200.318 - General procurement standards.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ...State and local laws and regulations...applicable Federal law and the standards...specifications of their contracts or purchase orders...interest and governing the performance...administration of contracts. No employee...contracts for construction projects of sufficient...Violations of law will be...

  4. Spatiofrequency Filter in Turbid Medium Enhanced by Background Scattered Light Subtraction from a Deviated Laser Source

    E-print Network

    Chapman, Glenn H.

    , using a wedge prism to deviate the light source by 2-3x the acceptance angle creates a second imageSpatiofrequency Filter in Turbid Medium Enhanced by Background Scattered Light Subtraction from scattered light by accepting only photons with small deviation angles from their original trajectories

  5. Cost Accounting Standards Notices and Certification UT-B Contracts Services Div Page 1 of 2

    E-print Network

    Cost Accounting Standards Notices and Certification UT-B Contracts Services Div Sep 2012 Page 1 of 2 cas-notice-cert-ext-venx-sep12.docx COST ACCOUNTING STANDARDS NOTICES AND CERTIFICATION (Sep 2012 the requested information in order to determine Cost Accounting Standards (CAS) requirements applicable to any

  6. System 80+{trademark} Standard Design: CESSAR design certification. Volume 2: Amendment I

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1990-12-21

    This report, entitled Combustion Engineering Standard Safety Analysis Report - Design Certification (CESSAR-DC), has been prepared in support of the industry effort to standardize nuclear plant designs. These documents describe the Combustion Engineering, Inc. System 80+{sup TM} Standard Design. This report, Volume 2, in conjunction with Volume 3, provides the design of structures, components, equipment and systems.

  7. 76 FR 12712 - Announcing Draft Federal Information Processing Standard (FIPS) 201-2, Personal Identity...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-03-08

    ... Information Technology Management Reform Act of 1996 (Pub. L. 104-106) and the Federal Information Security... National Institute of Standards and Technology Announcing Draft Federal Information Processing Standard... Comments, and Public Workshop on Draft FIPS 201-2 AGENCY: National Institute of Standards and...

  8. Transmission-type angle deviation microscopy

    SciTech Connect

    Chiu, M.-H.; Lai, C.-W.; Tan, C.-T.; Lai, C.-F

    2008-10-10

    We present a new microscopy technique that we call transmission angle deviation microscopy (TADM). It is based on common-path heterodyne interferometry and geometrical optics. An ultrahigh sensitivity surface plasmon resonance (SPR) angular sensor is used to expand dynamic measurement ranges and to improve the axial resolution in three-dimensional optical microscopy. When transmitted light is incident upon a specimen, the beam converges or diverges because of refractive and/or surface height variations. Advantages include high axial resolution ({approx}32 nm), nondestructive and noncontact measurement, and larger measurement ranges ({+-} 80 {mu}m) for a numerical aperture of 0.21in a transparent measurement medium. The technique can be used without conductivity and pretreatment.

  9. 29 CFR 1926.2 - Variances from safety and health standards.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...Continued) OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR (CONTINUED) SAFETY AND HEALTH REGULATIONS FOR CONSTRUCTION General § 1926.2 Variances from safety and health standards. (a)...

  10. 40 CFR 60.482-2a - Standards: Pumps in light liquid service.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ...2014-07-01 false Standards: Pumps in light liquid service. 60.482-2a Section 60.482-2a...60.482-2a Standards: Pumps in light liquid service. (a)(1) Each pump in light liquid service shall be monitored monthly to...

  11. 40 CFR 60.482-2a - Standards: Pumps in light liquid service.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ...2012-07-01 false Standards: Pumps in light liquid service. 60.482-2a Section 60.482-2a...60.482-2a Standards: Pumps in light liquid service. (a)(1) Each pump in light liquid service shall be monitored monthly to...

  12. 40 CFR 60.482-2 - Standards: Pumps in light liquid service.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ...2012-07-01 false Standards: Pumps in light liquid service. 60.482-2 Section 60.482-2...60.482-2 Standards: Pumps in light liquid service. (a)(1) Each pump in light liquid service shall be monitored monthly to...

  13. 40 CFR 60.482-2 - Standards: Pumps in light liquid service.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ...2013-07-01 false Standards: Pumps in light liquid service. 60.482-2 Section 60.482-2...60.482-2 Standards: Pumps in light liquid service. (a)(1) Each pump in light liquid service shall be monitored monthly to...

  14. 40 CFR 60.482-2a - Standards: Pumps in light liquid service.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...2010-07-01 false Standards: Pumps in light liquid service. 60.482-2a Section 60.482-2a...60.482-2a Standards: Pumps in light liquid service. (a)(1) Each pump in light liquid service shall be monitored monthly to...

  15. 40 CFR 60.482-2a - Standards: Pumps in light liquid service.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...2011-07-01 false Standards: Pumps in light liquid service. 60.482-2a Section 60.482-2a...60.482-2a Standards: Pumps in light liquid service. (a)(1) Each pump in light liquid service shall be monitored monthly to...

  16. 40 CFR 60.482-2a - Standards: Pumps in light liquid service.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ...2013-07-01 false Standards: Pumps in light liquid service. 60.482-2a Section 60.482-2a...60.482-2a Standards: Pumps in light liquid service. (a)(1) Each pump in light liquid service shall be monitored monthly to...

  17. 40 CFR 60.482-2 - Standards: Pumps in light liquid service.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ...2014-07-01 false Standards: Pumps in light liquid service. 60.482-2 Section 60.482-2...60.482-2 Standards: Pumps in light liquid service. (a)(1) Each pump in light liquid service shall be monitored monthly to...

  18. ECG-Based Detection of Early Myocardial Ischemia in a Computational Model: Impact of Additional Electrodes, Optimal Placement, and a New Feature for ST Deviation

    PubMed Central

    Loewe, Axel; Schulze, Walther H. W.; Jiang, Yuan; Wilhelms, Mathias; Luik, Armin; Dössel, Olaf; Seemann, Gunnar

    2015-01-01

    In case of chest pain, immediate diagnosis of myocardial ischemia is required to respond with an appropriate treatment. The diagnostic capability of the electrocardiogram (ECG), however, is strongly limited for ischemic events that do not lead to ST elevation. This computational study investigates the potential of different electrode setups in detecting early ischemia at 10 minutes after onset: standard 3-channel and 12-lead ECG as well as body surface potential maps (BSPMs). Further, it was assessed if an additional ECG electrode with optimized position or the right-sided Wilson leads can improve sensitivity of the standard 12-lead ECG. To this end, a simulation study was performed for 765 different locations and sizes of ischemia in the left ventricle. Improvements by adding a single, subject specifically optimized electrode were similar to those of the BSPM: 2–11% increased detection rate depending on the desired specificity. Adding right-sided Wilson leads had negligible effect. Absence of ST deviation could not be related to specific locations of the ischemic region or its transmurality. As alternative to the ST time integral as a feature of ST deviation, the K point deviation was introduced: the baseline deviation at the minimum of the ST-segment envelope signal, which increased 12-lead detection rate by 7% for a reasonable threshold. PMID:26587538

  19. 10 CFR 1017.5 - Requesting a deviation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ...Overview § 1017.5 Requesting a deviation. (a) Any person may request a deviation, or condition that diverges from the norm and that is categorized as: (1) A variance (i.e., an approved condition that technically varies from a...

  20. 10 CFR 1017.5 - Requesting a deviation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ...Overview § 1017.5 Requesting a deviation. (a) Any person may request a deviation, or condition that diverges from the norm and that is categorized as: (1) A variance (i.e., an approved condition that technically varies from a...

  1. 10 CFR 1017.5 - Requesting a deviation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ...Overview § 1017.5 Requesting a deviation. (a) Any person may request a deviation, or condition that diverges from the norm and that is categorized as: (1) A variance (i.e., an approved condition that technically varies from a...

  2. 10 CFR 1017.5 - Requesting a deviation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ...Overview § 1017.5 Requesting a deviation. (a) Any person may request a deviation, or condition that diverges from the norm and that is categorized as: (1) A variance (i.e., an approved condition that technically varies from a...

  3. 10 CFR 1017.5 - Requesting a deviation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ...Overview § 1017.5 Requesting a deviation. (a) Any person may request a deviation, or condition that diverges from the norm and that is categorized as: (1) A variance (i.e., an approved condition that technically varies from a...

  4. Determination of real machine-tool settings and minimization of real surface deviation by computerized inspection

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Litvin, Faydor L.; Kuan, Chihping; Zhang, YI

    1991-01-01

    A numerical method is developed for the minimization of deviations of real tooth surfaces from the theoretical ones. The deviations are caused by errors of manufacturing, errors of installment of machine-tool settings and distortion of surfaces by heat-treatment. The deviations are determined by coordinate measurements of gear tooth surfaces. The minimization of deviations is based on the proper correction of initially applied machine-tool settings. The contents of accomplished research project cover the following topics: (1) Descriptions of the principle of coordinate measurements of gear tooth surfaces; (2) Deviation of theoretical tooth surfaces (with examples of surfaces of hypoid gears and references for spiral bevel gears); (3) Determination of the reference point and the grid; (4) Determination of the deviations of real tooth surfaces at the points of the grid; and (5) Determination of required corrections of machine-tool settings for minimization of deviations. The procedure for minimization of deviations is based on numerical solution of an overdetermined system of n linear equations in m unknowns (m much less than n ), where n is the number of points of measurements and m is the number of parameters of applied machine-tool settings to be corrected. The developed approach is illustrated with numerical examples.

  5. The Daya Bay and T2K results on sin2?2?13 and non-standard neutrino interactions

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Girardi, I.; Meloni, D.; Petcov, S. T.

    2014-09-01

    We show that the relatively large best fit value of sin2?2?13=0.14 (0.17) measured in the T2K experiment for fixed values of i) the Dirac CP violation phase ?=0, and ii) the atmospheric neutrino mixing parameters ?23=?/4, |?m322|=2.4×10-3 eV, can be reconciled with the Daya Bay result sin2?2?13=0.090±0.009 if the effects of non-standard neutrino interactions (NSI) in the relevant ?bare??bare and ????e oscillation probabilities are taken into account.

  6. 40 CFR 60.42c - Standard for sulfur dioxide (SO2).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 6 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Standard for sulfur dioxide (SO2). 60...-Commercial-Institutional Steam Generating Units § 60.42c Standard for sulfur dioxide (SO2). (a) Except as... sulfur. The percent reduction requirements are not applicable to affected facilities under this...

  7. 40 CFR 60.42c - Standard for sulfur dioxide (SO2).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 6 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Standard for sulfur dioxide (SO2). 60...-Commercial-Institutional Steam Generating Units § 60.42c Standard for sulfur dioxide (SO2). (a) Except as... sulfur. The percent reduction requirements are not applicable to affected facilities under this...

  8. 40 CFR 60.42b - Standard for sulfur dioxide (SO2).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 7 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Standard for sulfur dioxide (SO2). 60...-Commercial-Institutional Steam Generating Units § 60.42b Standard for sulfur dioxide (SO2). (a) Except as... sulfur oil. Percent reduction requirements are not applicable to affected facilities under paragraphs...

  9. 40 CFR 60.42c - Standard for sulfur dioxide (SO2).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 7 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Standard for sulfur dioxide (SO2). 60...-Commercial-Institutional Steam Generating Units § 60.42c Standard for sulfur dioxide (SO2). (a) Except as... percent sulfur. The percent reduction requirements are not applicable to affected facilities under...

  10. 40 CFR 60.42b - Standard for sulfur dioxide (SO2).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 6 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Standard for sulfur dioxide (SO2). 60...-Commercial-Institutional Steam Generating Units § 60.42b Standard for sulfur dioxide (SO2). (a) Except as... sulfur oil. Percent reduction requirements are not applicable to affected facilities under paragraphs...

  11. 40 CFR 60.43 - Standard for sulfur dioxide (SO2).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 7 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Standard for sulfur dioxide (SO2). 60.43 Section 60.43 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS...-Fired Steam Generators § 60.43 Standard for sulfur dioxide (SO2). (a) Except as provided under...

  12. 40 CFR 60.42b - Standard for sulfur dioxide (SO2).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 7 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Standard for sulfur dioxide (SO2). 60...-Commercial-Institutional Steam Generating Units § 60.42b Standard for sulfur dioxide (SO2). (a) Except as... sulfur oil. Percent reduction requirements are not applicable to affected facilities under paragraphs...

  13. 40 CFR 60.43 - Standard for sulfur dioxide (SO2).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 7 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Standard for sulfur dioxide (SO2). 60.43 Section 60.43 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS...-Fired Steam Generators § 60.43 Standard for sulfur dioxide (SO2). (a) Except as provided under...

  14. 40 CFR 60.43Da - Standards for sulfur dioxide (SO2).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 7 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Standards for sulfur dioxide (SO2). 60... Steam Generating Units § 60.43Da Standards for sulfur dioxide (SO2). (a) On and after the date on which... the percent reduction requirement is determined on a 24-hour basis. (d) Sulfur dioxide emissions...

  15. 40 CFR 60.42c - Standard for sulfur dioxide (SO2).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 7 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Standard for sulfur dioxide (SO2). 60...-Commercial-Institutional Steam Generating Units § 60.42c Standard for sulfur dioxide (SO2). (a) Except as... percent sulfur. The percent reduction requirements are not applicable to affected facilities under...

  16. 40 CFR 60.42c - Standard for sulfur dioxide (SO2).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 7 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Standard for sulfur dioxide (SO2). 60...-Commercial-Institutional Steam Generating Units § 60.42c Standard for sulfur dioxide (SO2). (a) Except as... percent sulfur. The percent reduction requirements are not applicable to affected facilities under...

  17. 40 CFR 60.43Da - Standards for sulfur dioxide (SO2).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 7 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Standards for sulfur dioxide (SO2). 60... Steam Generating Units § 60.43Da Standards for sulfur dioxide (SO2). (a) On and after the date on which... the percent reduction requirement is determined on a 24-hour basis. (d) Sulfur dioxide emissions...

  18. 40 CFR 60.42b - Standard for sulfur dioxide (SO2).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 6 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Standard for sulfur dioxide (SO2). 60...-Commercial-Institutional Steam Generating Units § 60.42b Standard for sulfur dioxide (SO2). (a) Except as... sulfur oil. Percent reduction requirements are not applicable to affected facilities under paragraphs...

  19. 40 CFR 60.43 - Standard for sulfur dioxide (SO2).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 7 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Standard for sulfur dioxide (SO2). 60.43 Section 60.43 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS...-Fired Steam Generators § 60.43 Standard for sulfur dioxide (SO2). (a) Except as provided under...

  20. 40 CFR 60.43Da - Standards for sulfur dioxide (SO2).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 7 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Standards for sulfur dioxide (SO2). 60... Steam Generating Units § 60.43Da Standards for sulfur dioxide (SO2). (a) On and after the date on which... the percent reduction requirement is determined on a 24-hour basis. (d) Sulfur dioxide emissions...

  1. 40 CFR 60.42b - Standard for sulfur dioxide (SO2).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 7 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Standard for sulfur dioxide (SO2). 60...-Commercial-Institutional Steam Generating Units § 60.42b Standard for sulfur dioxide (SO2). (a) Except as... sulfur oil. Percent reduction requirements are not applicable to affected facilities under paragraphs...

  2. 40 CFR 60.482-2 - Standards: Pumps in light liquid service.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... section. (2) Each pump in light liquid service shall be checked by visual inspection each calendar week... 40 Protection of Environment 6 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Standards: Pumps in light liquid..., 2006 § 60.482-2 Standards: Pumps in light liquid service. (a)(1) Each pump in light liquid...

  3. 40 CFR 60.482-2 - Standards: Pumps in light liquid service.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... section. (2) Each pump in light liquid service shall be checked by visual inspection each calendar week... 40 Protection of Environment 6 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Standards: Pumps in light liquid..., 2006 § 60.482-2 Standards: Pumps in light liquid service. (a)(1) Each pump in light liquid...

  4. 40 CFR Table 2 to Subpart IIIii of... - Work Practice Standards-Required Inspections

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 13 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Work Practice Standards-Required... Mercury Cell Chlor-Alkali Plants Pt. 63, Subpt. IIIII, Table 2 Table 2 to Subpart IIIII of Part 63—Work Practice Standards—Required Inspections As stated in § 63.8192, you must meet the work practice...

  5. DEVELOPMENT OF ANALYTICAL STANDARDS FOR THE ANALYSIS OF ORGANIC COMPOUNDS PRESENT IN PM2.5

    EPA Science Inventory

    The paper discusses the development of analytical standards for the analysis of organic compounds present in particulate matter with aerodynamic diameters < 2.5 micrometers (PM2.5). The methods and analytical standards described in the paper are designed to be implemented in a b...

  6. 40 CFR 60.42b - Standard for sulfur dioxide (SO2).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 2013-07-01 false Standard for sulfur dioxide (SO2). 60.42b Section...Generating Units § 60.42b Standard for sulfur dioxide (SO2 ). (a) Except...facility combusts oil other than very low sulfur oil. Percent reduction...

  7. 40 CFR 60.42b - Standard for sulfur dioxide (SO2).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 2014-07-01 false Standard for sulfur dioxide (SO2). 60.42b Section...Generating Units § 60.42b Standard for sulfur dioxide (SO2 ). (a) Except...facility combusts oil other than very low sulfur oil. Percent reduction...

  8. 40 CFR 60.42b - Standard for sulfur dioxide (SO2).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 2012-07-01 false Standard for sulfur dioxide (SO2). 60.42b Section...Generating Units § 60.42b Standard for sulfur dioxide (SO2). (a) Except...facility combusts oil other than very low sulfur oil. Percent reduction...

  9. 40 CFR 60.42b - Standard for sulfur dioxide (SO2).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 2011-07-01 false Standard for sulfur dioxide (SO2). 60.42b Section...Generating Units § 60.42b Standard for sulfur dioxide (SO2). (a) Except...facility combusts oil other than very low sulfur oil. Percent reduction...

  10. Nonequilibrium Markov processes conditioned on large deviations

    E-print Network

    Raphael Chetrite; Hugo Touchette

    2014-10-09

    We consider the problem of conditioning a Markov process on a rare event and of representing this conditioned process by a conditioning-free process, called the effective or driven process. The basic assumption is that the rare event used in the conditioning is a large deviation-type event, characterized by a convex rate function. Under this assumption, we construct the driven process via a generalization of Doob's $h$-transform, used in the context of bridge processes, and show that this process is equivalent to the conditioned process in the long-time limit. The notion of equivalence that we consider is based on the logarithmic equivalence of path measures and implies that the two processes have the same typical states. In constructing the driven process, we also prove equivalence with the so-called exponential tilting of the Markov process, which is used with importance sampling to simulate rare events, and which gives rise, from the point of view of statistical mechanics, to a nonequilibrium version of the canonical ensemble. Other links between our results and the topics of bridge processes, quasi-stationary distributions, stochastic control, and conditional limit theorems are mentioned.

  11. Program helps quickly calculate deviated well path

    SciTech Connect

    Gardner, M.P. )

    1993-11-22

    A BASIC computer program quickly calculates the angle and measured depth of a simple directional well given only the true vertical depth and total displacement of the target. Many petroleum engineers and geologists need a quick, easy method to calculate the angle and measured depth necessary to reach a target in a proposed deviated well bore. Too many of the existing programs are large and require much input data. The drilling literature is full of equations and methods to calculate the course of well paths from surveys taken after a well is drilled. Very little information, however, covers how to calculate well bore trajectories for proposed wells from limited data. Furthermore, many of the equations are quite complex and difficult to use. A figure lists a computer program with the equations to calculate the well bore trajectory necessary to reach a given displacement and true vertical depth (TVD) for a simple build plant. It can be run on an IBM compatible computer with MS-DOS version 5 or higher, QBasic, or any BASIC that does no require line numbers. QBasic 4.5 compiler will also run the program. The equations are based on conventional geometry and trigonometry.

  12. Large Deviations for Nonlocal Stochastic Neural Fields

    PubMed Central

    2014-01-01

    We study the effect of additive noise on integro-differential neural field equations. In particular, we analyze an Amari-type model driven by a Q-Wiener process, and focus on noise-induced transitions and escape. We argue that proving a sharp Kramers’ law for neural fields poses substantial difficulties, but that one may transfer techniques from stochastic partial differential equations to establish a large deviation principle (LDP). Then we demonstrate that an efficient finite-dimensional approximation of the stochastic neural field equation can be achieved using a Galerkin method and that the resulting finite-dimensional rate function for the LDP can have a multiscale structure in certain cases. These results form the starting point for an efficient practical computation of the LDP. Our approach also provides the technical basis for further rigorous study of noise-induced transitions in neural fields based on Galerkin approximations. Mathematics Subject Classification (2000): 60F10, 60H15, 65M60, 92C20. PMID:24742297

  13. Primary Cementing of a Highly Deviated Oil Well

    E-print Network

    Fournier, John J.F.

    Primary Cementing of a Highly Deviated Oil Well by Mariana Carrasco-Teja B.Sc., Instituto Tecnol. The study comes from the primary cementing of highly deviated oil and gas wells. Highly deviated wells are those in which part of the wellbore is nearly horizontal. Primary cementing is a critical process

  14. Large Deviations in Quantum Lattice Systems: Onephase Region

    E-print Network

    the annihilation and creation operators for fermions of spin # # {#, #} at site x # Z d . These operators satisfy deviations in quantum statistical mechanics. To our knowledge, results on large deviations have been obtained and subadditivity arguments. #12; Other large deviation results in quantum mechanical models can be found in [4, 5

  15. MUSiC - An Automated Scan for Deviations between Data and Monte Carlo Simulation

    SciTech Connect

    Meyer, Arnd

    2010-02-10

    A model independent analysis approach is presented, systematically scanning the data for deviations from the standard model Monte Carlo expectation. Such an analysis can contribute to the understanding of the CMS detector and the tuning of event generators. The approach is sensitive to a variety of models of new physics, including those not yet thought of.

  16. Message from the Chair . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2 Setting Standards for Global Excellence

    E-print Network

    Awtar, Shorya

    #12;table of fostering sustaining Message from the Chair . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2 Setting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .35 Im and Colleagues Receive DOE Award . . . . . . . . . . . .36 Christophe Pierre Named . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .48 8 12 38 #12;2 2001-02 MECHANICAL ENGINEERING ANNUAL REPORT Message from the Chair As the new Chair

  17. 48 CFR 1.102-2 - Performance standards.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... among team members, internal and external customers, and the public. (2) To achieve efficient operations..., administration, and enforcement. This applies to internal administrative processes, including reviews, and to rules and procedures applied to the contractor community. (2) The System must provide uniformity...

  18. 48 CFR 1.102-2 - Performance standards.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... among team members, internal and external customers, and the public. (2) To achieve efficient operations..., administration, and enforcement. This applies to internal administrative processes, including reviews, and to rules and procedures applied to the contractor community. (2) The System must provide uniformity...

  19. 48 CFR 1.102-2 - Performance standards.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... among team members, internal and external customers, and the public. (2) To achieve efficient operations..., administration, and enforcement. This applies to internal administrative processes, including reviews, and to rules and procedures applied to the contractor community. (2) The System must provide uniformity...

  20. 48 CFR 1.102-2 - Performance standards.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... among team members, internal and external customers, and the public. (2) To achieve efficient operations..., administration, and enforcement. This applies to internal administrative processes, including reviews, and to rules and procedures applied to the contractor community. (2) The System must provide uniformity...

  1. 48 CFR 1.102-2 - Performance standards.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... among team members, internal and external customers, and the public. (2) To achieve efficient operations..., administration, and enforcement. This applies to internal administrative processes, including reviews, and to rules and procedures applied to the contractor community. (2) The System must provide uniformity...

  2. 40 CFR 205.157-2 - Compliance with standards.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...following parameters (a manufacturer may use more parameters): (A) Engine type: (1 ) Gasoline-two stroke; (2 ) gasoline-four stroke; (3 ) gasoline-rotary; and (4 ) other. (B) Engine displacement. (C) Engine...

  3. 28 CFR 55.2 - Purpose; standards for measuring compliance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...THE PROVISIONS OF THE VOTING RIGHTS ACT REGARDING LANGUAGE MINORITY GROUPS General Provisions § 55.2...political subdivisions to conduct elections in the language of certain “language minority groups” in addition to English....

  4. 40 CFR 205.55-2 - Compliance with standards.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... manufacturer may use more parameters): (a) Engine type. (1) Gasoline—two stroke cycle. (2) Gasoline—four stroke cycle. (3) Diesel—two stroke cycle. (4) Diesel—four stroke cycle. (5) Rotary—wankel. (6) Turbine....

  5. Large Deviations for Stochastic Volterra Equations

    E-print Network

    Nualart, David; Rovira, Carles

    2000-04-01

    (s, t, y)’ a i (s, t, x)j < Kjx’ yj, ja i (s, t, 0)j < K: A solution of (5.3) is a stochastic process fX z , z 2 Tg satisfying X z ? x 0 ? ? R z ć z (ē)fa 3 (ē, X ē ) dW ē ? a 4 (ē, X ē ) dēg, where ē ? (u, v), z ? (s, t), R z denotes the rectangle [0... < : 9 = ; < exp ’ L C 1 N 1=2 ā ’ C 2 ! 2 1 T ā ? ln(2? T 2  2 p ) 8 < : 9 = ; ? exp ’ L 2 N ā T ā 1 C 1 ’ C 2 N 1=2 ā L ! 2 ’ln(2? T 2  2 p ) N ā T ā L 2 2 4 3 5 8 < : 9 = ; : Set C 3 ? maxf2C 1 C 2 , 2 3=2 (ln(2? T 2  2 p )) 1=2 C 1 T ā=2 g...

  6. Deviated-well seismic data and the application

    SciTech Connect

    Jisong, C. )

    1991-01-01

    This paper reports on geological drillers which often use deviated-well technology to make an exploratory well penetrate several targets which do not lie in same vertical direction. In order to correlate deviated- well data with seismic section, people should do the following processings of deviated-well data. The deviated- well projection positions on adjacent seismic sections are determined by using deviated-well data, formation dip angle and formation dip direction, the position being usually described with vertical depth and deviation. The record depths of samples of each logging curve must be converted into the vertical depths in a relevant seismic section. Synthetic seismogram is made by using depth-converted sonic and density logging data. The synthetic seismogram whose amplitude are multiplied by a proper factor is stacked with the deviation of the deviated-well-projection on a seismic section. The synthetic seismogram is displayed in the same scale the seismic section uses, so that it can be correlated with the seismic section. Other logging data of deviated well, such as apparent resistivity curve, natural potential curve and natural gamma curve, also can be correlated with seismic section by stacking them with the deviation of deviated-well projection on seismic section.

  7. Geodesic deviation at higher orders via covariant bitensors

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Vines, Justin

    2015-05-01

    We review a simple but instructive application of the formalism of covariant bitensors, to use a deviation vector field along a fiducial geodesic to describe a neighboring worldline, in an exact and manifestly covariant manner, via the exponential map. Requiring the neighboring worldline to be a geodesic leads to the usual linear geodesic deviation equation for the deviation vector, plus corrections at higher order in the deviation and relative velocity. We show how these corrections can be efficiently computed to arbitrary orders via covariant bitensor expansions, deriving a form of the geodesic deviation equation valid to all orders, and producing its explicit expanded form through fourth order. We also discuss the generalized Jacobi equation, action principles for the higher-order geodesic deviation equations, results useful for describing accelerated neighboring worldlines, and the formal general solution to the geodesic deviation equation through second order.

  8. Development and verification of NASA Standard Initiator-2 (NSI-2): Appendix

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1988-01-01

    This is the Appendix to the Final Report on the results of verification testing on NASA Contract NAS9-17249. The test results are presented graphically in the Appendix. The Final Report is a brief discussion of design elements, test results, and a discussion of the latter. The contract was awarded for development and demonstration of design modifications to the NASA Standard Initiator-1 (NSI-1), resulting in the development of NSI-2. The intent of the project was to develop and prove the following design features: (1) Protection from premature detonation due to electrostatic potential by means other than a spark gap; (2) Development of an integral insulated charge cup for use with a zirconium/potassium perchlorate type mixture; (3) Improved cost and reliability figures by the use of a deposited bridge; and (4) Elimination of dudding as a result of the pyrotechnic shock effect, the movement of the primer composition away from the bridge circuit.

  9. CO2 storage capacity estimation: Issues and development of standards

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Bradshaw, J.; Bachu, S.; Bonijoly, D.; Burruss, R.; Holloway, S.; Christensen, N.P.; Mathiassen, O.M.

    2007-01-01

    Associated with the endeavours of geoscientists to pursue the promise that geological storage of CO2 has of potentially making deep cuts into greenhouse gas emissions, Governments around the world are dependent on reliable estimates of CO2 storage capacity and insightful indications of the viability of geological storage in their respective jurisdictions. Similarly, industry needs reliable estimates for business decisions regarding site selection and development. If such estimates are unreliable, and decisions are made based on poor advice, then valuable resources and time could be wasted. Policies that have been put in place to address CO2 emissions could be jeopardised. Estimates need to clearly state the limitations that existed (data, time, knowledge) at the time of making the assessment and indicate the purpose and future use to which the estimates should be applied. A set of guidelines for estimation of storage capacity will greatly assist future deliberations by government and industry on the appropriateness of geological storage of CO2 in different geological settings and political jurisdictions. This work has been initiated under the auspices of the Carbon Sequestration Leadership Forum (www.cslforum.org), and it is intended that it will be an ongoing taskforce to further examine issues associated with storage capacity estimation. Crown Copyright ?? 2007.

  10. 16 CFR Appendix C2 to Part 305 - Standard Dishwashers

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... CONCERNING DISCLOSURES REGARDING ENERGY CONSUMPTION AND WATER USE OF CERTAIN HOME APPLIANCES AND OTHER PRODUCTS REQUIRED UNDER THE ENERGY POLICY AND CONSERVATION ACT (āAPPLIANCE LABELING RULEā) Pt. 305, App. C2... appendix C to 10 CFR part 430, subpart B. Load patterns shall conform to the operating normal for the...

  11. XMCD Analysis Beyond Standard Procedures H. Wende ' *, A. Scherz 2

    E-print Network

    Burke, Kieron

    , failure sum rule and multipole moment analysis, induced magnetism, light 3d metals and rare earth metals in rare earth metals. New address: Angewandte Physik - AG Wende, Fachbereich Physik, Universitat Duisburg) The analysis of the £2,3 XMCD of rare earth elements is not only hampered by the appearance of electric

  12. SQUIRE 2.0 (Standards for QUality Improvement Reporting Excellence)

    PubMed Central

    Ogrinc, Greg; Davies, Louise; Goodman, Daisy; Batalden, Paul; Davidoff, Frank; Stevens, David

    2015-01-01

    In the past several years, the science of health care improvement has advanced considerably. In this article, we describe the development of SQUIRE 2.0 and its key components. We undertook the revision between 2012 and 2015 using (1) interviews and focus groups to evaluate SQUIRE 1.0 plus feedback from an international steering group, (2) face-to-face consensus meetings to develop interim drafts, and (3) pilot testing with authors and a public comment period. SQUIRE 2.0 emphasizes 3 key components of systematic efforts to improve the quality, value, and safety of health care: formal and informal theory in planning, implementing, and evaluating improvement work; the context in which the work is done; and the study of the intervention(s). SQUIRE 2.0 is intended for reporting the range of methods used to improve health care, recognizing that they can be complex and multidimensional. It provides common ground to share these discoveries in the scholarly literature (www.squire-statement.org). PMID:26497490

  13. Spine deviations and orthodontic treatment of asymmetric malocclusions in children

    PubMed Central

    2012-01-01

    Background The aim of this randomized clinical trial was to assess the effect of early orthodontic treatment for unilateral posterior cross bite in the late deciduous and early mixed dentition using orthopedic parameters. Methods Early orthodontic treatment was performed by initial maxillary expansion and subsequent activator therapy (Münster treatment concept). The patient sample was initially comprised of 80 patients with unilateral posterior cross bite (mean age 7.3?years, SD 2.1?years). After randomization, 77 children attended the initial examination appointment (therapy?=?37, control?=?40); 31 children in the therapy group and 35 children in the control group were monitored at the follow-up examination (T2). The mean interval between T1 and T2 was 1.1?years (SD 0.2?years). Rasterstereography was used for back shape analysis at T1 and T2. Using the profile, the kyphotic and lordotic angle, the surface rotation, the lateral deviation, pelvic tilt and pelvic torsion, statistical differences at T1 and T2 between the therapy and control groups were calculated (t-test). Our working hypothesis was, that early orthodontic treatment can induce negative therapeutic changes in body posture through thoracic and lumbar position changes in preadolescents with uniltaral cross bite. Results No clinically relevant differences between the control and the therapy groups at T1 and T2 were found for the parameters of kyphotic and lordotic angle, the surface rotation, lateral deviation, pelvic tilt, and pelvic torsion. Conclusions Our working hypothesis was tested to be not correct (within the limitations of this study). This randomized clinical trial demonstrates that in a juvenile population with unilateral posterior cross bite the selected early orthodontic treatment protocol does not affect negatively the postural parameters. Trial registration DRKS00003497 on DRKS PMID:22906114

  14. First among Others? Cohen's "d" vs. Alternative Standardized Mean Group Difference Measures

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cahan, Sorel; Gamliel, Eyal

    2011-01-01

    Standardized effect size measures typically employed in behavioral and social sciences research in the multi-group case (e.g., [eta][superscript 2], f[superscript 2]) evaluate between-group variability in terms of either total or within-group variability, such as variance or standard deviation--that is, measures of dispersion about the mean. In…

  15. The SLq(2) extension of the standard model

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Finkelstein, Robert J.

    2015-06-01

    The idea that the elementary particles might have the symmetry of knots has had a long history. In any modern formulation of this idea, however, the knot must be quantized. The present review is a summary of a small set of papers that began as an attempt to correlate the properties of quantized knots with empirical properties of the elementary particles. As the ideas behind these papers have developed over a number of years, the model has evolved, and this review is intended to present the model in its current form. The original picture of an elementary fermion as a solitonic knot of field, described by the trefoil representation of SUq(2), has expanded into its present form in which a knotted field is complementary to a composite structure composed of three preons that in turn are described by the fundamental representation of SLq(2). Higher representations of SLq(2) are interpreted as describing composite particles composed of three or more preons bound by a knotted field. This preon model unexpectedly agrees in important detail with the Harari-Shupe model. There is an associated Lagrangian dynamics capable in principle of describing the interactions and masses of the particles generated by the model.

  16. 40 CFR 75.33 - Standard missing data procedures for SO2, NOX, and flow rate.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 16 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Standard missing data procedures for SO2, NOX, and flow rate. 75.33 Section 75.33 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS (CONTINUED) CONTINUOUS EMISSION MONITORING Missing Data Substitution Procedures § 75.33 Standard missing data...

  17. 2 CFR 200.419 - Cost accounting standards and disclosure statement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... accounting standards located at 48 CFR 9905.501, 9905.502, 9905.505, and 9905.506. CAS-covered contracts awarded to the IHEs are subject to the CAS requirements at 48 CFR 9900 through 9999 and 48 CFR part 30... 2 Grants and Agreements 1 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Cost accounting standards and...

  18. 40 CFR 60.43 - Standard for sulfur dioxide (SO2).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ...STATIONARY SOURCES Standards of Performance for Fossil-Fuel-Fired Steam Generators § 60.43 Standard...input (0.80 lb/MMBtu) derived from liquid fossil fuel or liquid fossil fuel and wood residue. (2) 520 ng/J heat...

  19. 40 CFR 60.43 - Standard for sulfur dioxide (SO2).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ...STATIONARY SOURCES Standards of Performance for Fossil-Fuel-Fired Steam Generators § 60.43 Standard...input (0.80 lb/MMBtu) derived from liquid fossil fuel or liquid fossil fuel and wood residue. (2) 520 ng/J heat...

  20. 40 CFR 60.43 - Standard for sulfur dioxide (SO2).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ...STATIONARY SOURCES Standards of Performance for Fossil-Fuel-Fired Steam Generators § 60.43 Standard...input (0.80 lb/MMBtu) derived from liquid fossil fuel or liquid fossil fuel and wood residue. (2) 520 ng/J heat...

  1. Standard Cross-Cultural Sample International Encyclopedia of the Social Sciences, 2nd

    E-print Network

    White, Douglas R.

    Standard Cross-Cultural Sample International Encyclopedia of the Social Sciences, 2nd Edition The Standard Cross-Cultural Sample, or SCCS (Murdock and White 1969), is a cumulative and collaborative by scholars in the social sciences. The champion of modern cross-cultural and statistical methods, George P

  2. FUEL ECONOMY AND CO2 EMISSIONS STANDARDS, MANUFACTURER PRICING STRATEGIES, AND FEEBATES

    SciTech Connect

    Liu, Changzheng; Greene, David L; Bunch, Dr David S.

    2012-01-01

    Corporate Average Fuel Economy (CAFE) standards and CO2 emissions standards for 2012 to 2016 have significantly increased the stringency of requirements for new light-duty vehicle fuel efficiency. This study investigates the role of technology adoption and pricing strategies in meeting new standards, as well as the impact of feebate policies. The analysis is carried out by means of a dynamic optimization model that simulates manufacturer decisions with the objective of maximizing social surplus while simultaneously considering consumer response and meeting CAFE and emissions standards. The results indicate that technology adoption plays the major role and that the provision of compliance flexibility and the availability of cost-effective advanced technologies help manufacturers reduce the need for pricing to induce changes in the mix of vehicles sold. Feebates, when implemented along with fuel economy and emissions standards, can bring additional fuel economy improvement and emissions reduction, but the benefit diminishes with the increasing stringency of the standards.

  3. Constraints on Yukawa-Type Deviations from Newtonian Gravity at 20 Microns

    E-print Network

    S. J. Smullin; A. A. Geraci; D. M. Weld; J. Chiaverini; S. Holmes; A. Kapitulnik

    2006-01-01

    Recent theories of physics beyond the standard model have predicted deviations from Newtonian gravity at short distances. In order to test these theories, we have a built an apparatus that can measure attonewton-scale forces between gold masses separated by distances on the order of 25 microns. A micromachined silicon cantilever was used as the force sensor, and its displacement was measured with a fiber interferometer. We have used our measurements to set bounds on the magnitude alpha and length scale lambda of Yukawa-type deviations from Newtonian gravity; our results presented here yield the best experimental limit in the range of lambda=6--20 microns.

  4. Effects of experimentally deviated mandibular position on stress response.

    PubMed

    Amemiya, Ai; Takeda, Tomotaka; Nakajima, Kazunori; Ishigami, Keiichi; Tsujii, Takeo; Sakatani, Kaoru

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of stress on -prefrontal cortex (PFC), emotion (using visual analogue scale, VAS, and State-Trait Anxiety Inventory, STAI), and the autonomic nervous system (ANS). Two types of stress were applied: (1) malocclusion-induced physical stress and (2) mental stress induced by an arithmetic task. Malocclusion was induced using an experimentally deviated mandibular device (EDMD) to obtain an experimentally deviated mandibular position (EDMP). A total of 11 healthy volunteers participated in the study. On day 1 they performed a pretrial arithmetic task followed by a 10-min rest, after which they performed a posttrial EDMD + arithmetic task or rest device + arithmetic task. These two tasks were selected at random and assigned at the rate of one per day. Activity in the PFC tended to show an increase in the pretrial arithmetic tasks and rest device + arithmetic task, but a decrease in the EDMD + arithmetic task compared with the rest device + arithmetic task. Heart rate significantly increased during the rest device + arithmetic task, whereas no significant difference was observed during the EDMD + arithmetic task. The EDMD + arithmetic task significantly increased STAI scores (p = 0.0047), and the significant decrease in VAS indicated "unpleasant" (p = 0.035). These findings suggest that EDMP-induced reduction in the level of PFC activity was a response to discomfort, indicating that EDMP affects systemic function such as that of the ANS as an unpleasant stressor. PMID:22879007

  5. Protocol Development — Policy on the Issuance of Waivers for Protocol Deviation(s)

    Cancer.gov

    Staff in the Cancer Therapy Evaluation Program (CTEP) occasionally receive calls from investigators requesting that certain criteria in a CTEP-approved protocol be waived so a particular patient can be entered or modifications be made to the original treatment plan. In most cases, these waivers relate to the initial eligibility criteria or treatment plans established when the protocol was written and before patient recruitment begins. Granting waivers for protocol deviations has been handled different at CTEP depending on which program staff is contacted.

  6. IDC RP2 & 3 US Industry Standard Cost Estimate Summary.

    SciTech Connect

    Harris, James M.; Huelskamp, Robert M.

    2015-01-01

    Sandia National Laboratories has prepared a ROM cost estimate for budgetary planning for the IDC Reengineering Phase 2 & 3 effort, using a commercial software cost estimation tool calibrated to US industry performance parameters. This is not a cost estimate for Sandia to perform the project. This report provides the ROM cost estimate and describes the methodology, assumptions, and cost model details used to create the ROM cost estimate. ROM Cost Estimate Disclaimer Contained herein is a Rough Order of Magnitude (ROM) cost estimate that has been provided to enable initial planning for this proposed project. This ROM cost estimate is submitted to facilitate informal discussions in relation to this project and is NOT intended to commit Sandia National Laboratories (Sandia) or its resources. Furthermore, as a Federally Funded Research and Development Center (FFRDC), Sandia must be compliant with the Anti-Deficiency Act and operate on a full-cost recovery basis. Therefore, while Sandia, in conjunction with the Sponsor, will use best judgment to execute work and to address the highest risks and most important issues in order to effectively manage within cost constraints, this ROM estimate and any subsequent approved cost estimates are on a 'full-cost recovery' basis. Thus, work can neither commence nor continue unless adequate funding has been accepted and certified by DOE.

  7. Environmental Public Health Performance Standards Environmental Health Program Self-assessment Instrument (Version 2)

    E-print Network

    Environmental Public Health Performance Standards Environmental Health Program Self Budget of Public Health Department or Parent Agency:_________________ Total Environmental Health Program Budget:______________ Proportion of Environmental Health Budget from #12;_____ (1) service fees _____ (2

  8. J-2X Engine Continues to Set Standards - Duration: 66 seconds.

    NASA Video Gallery

    Testing of the next-generation J-2X rocket engine continues to set standards. Last fall, the engine attained 100 percent power in just its fourth test and became the fastest U.S. rocket engine to a...

  9. Welding deviation detection algorithm based on extremum of molten pool image contour

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zou, Yong; Jiang, Lipei; Li, Yunhua; Xue, Long; Huang, Junfen; Huang, Jiqiang

    2015-10-01

    The welding deviation detection is the basis of robotic tracking welding, but the on-line real-time measurement of welding deviation is still not well solved by the existing methods. There is plenty of information in the gas metal arc welding(GMAW) molten pool images that is very important for the control of welding seam tracking. The physical meaning for the curvature extremum of molten pool contour is revealed by researching the molten pool images, that is, the deviation information points of welding wire center and the molten tip center are the maxima and the local maxima of the contour curvature, and the horizontal welding deviation is the position difference of these two extremum points. A new method of weld deviation detection is presented, including the process of preprocessing molten pool images, extracting and segmenting the contours, obtaining the contour extremum points, and calculating the welding deviation, etc. Extracting the contours is the premise, segmenting the contour lines is the foundation, and obtaining the contour extremum points is the key. The contour images can be extracted with the method of discrete dyadic wavelet transform, which is divided into two sub contours including welding wire and molten tip separately. The curvature value of each point of the two sub contour lines is calculated based on the approximate curvature formula of multi-points for plane curve, and the two points of the curvature extremum are the characteristics needed for the welding deviation calculation. The results of the tests and analyses show that the maximum error of the obtained on-line welding deviation is 2 pixels(0.16 mm), and the algorithm is stable enough to meet the requirements of the pipeline in real-time control at a speed of less than 500 mm/min. The method can be applied to the on-line automatic welding deviation detection.

  10. Compliance with the new PM2.5 standard -- attainment or non-attainment?

    SciTech Connect

    Walsh, T.J.

    1998-12-31

    The revisions to the United States (US) national ambient air quality standards for particulate matter (PM) will have an impact on a number of counties and metropolitan areas in the US. The US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) added two new PM2.5 (particulate matter with an aerodynamic diameter less than or equal to a nominal 2.5 micrometers) standards in July 1997 which included: (1) a new annual PM2.5 standard of 15 ug (micrograms)/m{sup 3} and (2) a new 24-hour PM2.5 standard of 65 ug/m{sup 3}. Some reports indicated that the EPA initially projected that as many as 150 counties in the US will not be able to attain the new PM2.5 standards. This paper examines three sources of PM2.5/PM10 (particulate matter with an aerodynamic diameter less than or equal to a nominal 10.0 micrometers) ratios for 67 monitoring locations in the US and Canada. Based on the minimum, mean, and maximum PM2.5/PM10 ratios, estimates of the number of Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MSAs) in the US that could potentially exceed the new annual PM2.5 standard were made. Additionally, a theoretical estimate of the number of counties that would exceed the new 24-hour standard was made based on 1995 PM10 EPA Trends reports data. The mean ratio of PM2.5/PM10 calculated in this paper was 0.53. Based on this mean ratio, about 54 MSAs in the US could be expected to exceed the 15 ug/m{sup 3} annual PM2.5 standard. Using the minimum (0.36) and maximum (0.76) PM2.5/PM10 ratios, the number of MSAs exceeding the 15 up/m{sup 3} standard would be 6 and 180, respectively. Using the same PM2.5/PM10 ratios, the theoretical number of counties exceeding the new 24-hour standard PM2.5 concentration would be 35, 6, and 109 based on the mean, minimum, and maximum ratios, respectively.

  11. Large Deviations Principle for Stochastic Scalar Conservation Laws

    E-print Network

    Mauro Mariani

    2009-04-06

    We investigate large deviations for a family of conservative stochastic PDEs (conservation laws) in the asymptotic of jointly vanishing noise and viscosity. We obtain a first large deviations principle in a space of Young measures. The associated rate functional vanishes on a wide set, the so-called set of measure-valued solutions to the limiting conservation law. We therefore investigate a second order large deviations principle, thus providing a quantitative characterization of non-entropic solutions to the conservation law.

  12. The deviation of growth model for transparent conductive graphene

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chan, Shih-Hao; Chen, Jia-Wei; Chen, Hung-Pin; Wei, Hung-Sen; Li, Meng-Chi; Chen, Sheng-Hui; Lee, Cheng-Chung; Kuo, Chien-Cheng

    2014-10-01

    An approximate growth model was employed to predict the time required to grow a graphene film by chemical vapor deposition (CVD). Monolayer graphene films were synthesized on Cu foil at various hydrogen flow rates from 10 to 50 sccm. The sheet resistance of the graphene film was 310?/? and the optical transmittance was 97.7%. The Raman intensity ratio of the G-peak to the 2D peak of the graphene film was as high as ~4 when the hydrogen flow rate was 30 sccm. The fitting curve obtained by the deviation equation of growth model closely matches the data. We believe that under the same conditions and with the same setup, the presented growth model can help manufacturers and academics to predict graphene growth time more accurately.

  13. Mercury exposure as a model for deviation of cytokine responses in experimental Lyme arthritis: HgCl2 treatment decreases T helper cell type 1-like responses and arthritis severity but delays eradication of Borrelia burgdorferi in C3H/HeN mice

    PubMed Central

    Ekerfelt, C; Andersson, M; Olausson, A; Bergström, S; Hultman, P

    2007-01-01

    Lyme borreliosis is a complex infection, where some individuals develop so-called ‘chronic borreliosis’. The pathogenetic mechanisms are unknown, but the type of immune response is probably important for healing. A strong T helper cell type 1 (Th1)-like response has been suggested as crucial for eradication of Borrelia and for avoiding development of chronic disease. Many studies aimed at altering the Th1/Th2 balance in Lyme arthritis employed mice deficient in cytokine genes, but the outcome has not been clear-cut, due possibly to the high redundancy of cytokines. This study aimed at studying the importance of the Th1/Th2 balance in murine Borrelia arthritis by using the Th2-deviating effect of subtoxic doses of inorganic mercury. Ninety-eight C3H/HeN mice were divided into four groups: Borrelia-infected (Bb), Borrelia-infected exposed to HgCl2 (BbHg), controls exposed to HgCl2 alone and normal controls. Mice were killed on days 3, 16, 44 and 65 post-Borrelia inoculation. Arthritis severity was evaluated by histology, spirochaetal load determined by Borrelia culture, IgG2a- and IgE-levels analysed by enzyme-linked immunosorbemt assay (ELISA) and cytokine-secreting cells detected by enzyme-linked immunospot (ELISPOT). BbHg mice showed less severe histological arthritis, but delayed eradication of spirochaetes compared to Bb mice, associated with increased levels of IgE (Th2-induced) and decreased levels of IgG2a (Th1-induced), consistent with a Th2-deviation. Both the numbers of Th1 and Th2 cytokine-secreting cells were reduced in BbHg mice, possibly explained by the fact that numbers of cytokine-secreting cells do not correlate with cytokine concentration. In conclusion, this study supports the hypothesis that a Th1-like response is required for optimal eradication of Borrelia. PMID:17672870

  14. 40 CFR 60.483-2a - Alternative standards for valves-skip period leak detection and repair.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...standards for valves-skip period leak detection and repair. 60.483-2a...standards for valves—skip period leak detection and repair. (a)(1...After 2 consecutive quarterly leak detection periods with the percent of...

  15. 40 CFR 60.483-2a - Alternative standards for valves-skip period leak detection and repair.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...standards for valves-skip period leak detection and repair. 60.483-2a...standards for valves—skip period leak detection and repair. (a)(1...After 2 consecutive quarterly leak detection periods with the percent of...

  16. 40 CFR 60.483-2 - Alternative standards for valves-skip period leak detection and repair.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...standards for valves-skip period leak detection and repair. 60.483-2 ...standards for valves—skip period leak detection and repair. (a)(1...After 2 consecutive quarterly leak detection periods with the percent of...

  17. 40 CFR 60.483-2 - Alternative standards for valves-skip period leak detection and repair.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...standards for valves-skip period leak detection and repair. 60.483-2 ...standards for valves—skip period leak detection and repair. (a)(1...After 2 consecutive quarterly leak detection periods with the percent of...

  18. 40 CFR Table 2 to Subpart IIIi of... - Emission Standards for 2008 Model Year and Later Emergency Stationary CI ICE

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ...of Performance for Stationary Compression Ignition Internal Combustion Engines Pt. 60, Subpt. IIII, Table 2 Table 2 to...must comply with the following emission standards] Engine power Emission standards for 2008 model...

  19. 40 CFR Table 2 to Subpart IIIi of... - Emission Standards for 2008 Model Year and Later Emergency Stationary CI ICE

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ...of Performance for Stationary Compression Ignition Internal Combustion Engines Pt. 60, Subpt. IIII, Table 2 Table 2 to...must comply with the following emission standards] Engine power Emission standards for 2008 model...

  20. 40 CFR Table 2 to Subpart IIIi of... - Emission Standards for 2008 Model Year and Later Emergency Stationary CI ICE

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...of Performance for Stationary Compression Ignition Internal Combustion Engines Part 60, Subpt. IIII, Table 2 Table 2 to...must comply with the following emission standards] Engine power Emission standards for 2008 model...

  1. 40 CFR Table 2 to Subpart IIIi of... - Emission Standards for 2008 Model Year and Later Emergency Stationary CI ICE

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ...of Performance for Stationary Compression Ignition Internal Combustion Engines Pt. 60, Subpt. IIII, Table 2 Table 2 to...must comply with the following emission standards] Engine power Emission standards for 2008 model...

  2. 40 CFR Table 2 to Subpart IIIi of... - Emission Standards for 2008 Model Year and Later Emergency Stationary CI ICE

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...of Performance for Stationary Compression Ignition Internal Combustion Engines Part 60, Subpt. IIII, Table 2 Table 2 to...must comply with the following emission standards] Engine power Emission standards for 2008 model...

  3. Large Deviations for Quantum Spin probabilities at temperature zero

    E-print Network

    Artur O. Lopes; Jairo K. Mengue; Joana Mohr

    2015-05-06

    We consider certain self-adjoint observables for the KMS state associated to the Hamiltonian $H= \\sigma_x \\otimes \\sigma_x$ over the quantum spin lattice $\\mathbb{C}^2 \\otimes \\mathbb{C}^2 \\otimes \\mathbb{C}^2 \\otimes ...$. For a fixed observable of the form $L \\otimes L \\otimes L \\otimes ...$, where $L:\\mathbb{C}^2 \\to \\mathbb{C}^2 $, and for zero temperature one can get a naturally defined stationary probability $\\mu$ on the Bernoulli space $\\{1,2\\}^\\mathbb{N}$. This probability is not Markov. Anyway, for such probability $\\mu$ we can show that a Large Deviation Principle is true for a certain class of functions. The result is derived by showing the explicit form of the free energy which is differentiable. We show that the natural probability $\\mu$ at temperature zero is invariant for the shift but it is not mixing. We also prove that $\\mu$ is not a Gibbs state for a continuous normalized potential.

  4. Cooperative Games with General Deviation Measures Bogdan Grechuk

    E-print Network

    Banaji,. Murad

    Cooperative Games with General Deviation Measures Bogdan Grechuk Department of Mathematics Cooperative games with players using different law-invariant deviation measures as numerical represen- tations of the cooperative portfolio expected gain, belonging to the core of a corresponding cooperative game, is suggested

  5. Developmental Dyslexia, Neurolinguistic Theory and Deviations in Brain Morphology.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hynd, George W.; And Others

    1991-01-01

    Reviews computer tomography and magnetic resonance imaging studies examining deviations in brain morphology. Discusses methodological and technical issues. Concludes that dyslexics show variations in specific brain regions. Suggests that neuroimaging procedures appear to provide direct evidence supporting the importance of deviations in normal…

  6. Refraction in Terms of the Deviation of the Light.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Goldberg, Fred M.

    1985-01-01

    Discusses refraction in terms of the deviation of light. Points out that in physics courses where very little mathematics is used, it might be more suitable to describe refraction entirely in terms of the deviation, rather than by introducing Snell's law. (DH)

  7. The Relationship Between Inhibition of Return and Saccade Trajectory Deviations

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Godijn, Richard; Theeuwes, Jan

    2004-01-01

    After presentation of a peripheral cue, a subsequent saccade to the cued location is delayed (inhibition of return: IOR). Furthermore, saccades typically deviate away from the cued location. The present study examined the relationship between these inhibitory effects. IOR and saccade trajectory deviations were found after central (endogenous) and…

  8. 48 CFR 927.403 - Negotiations and deviations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Negotiations and deviations. 927.403 Section 927.403 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY GENERAL CONTRACTING REQUIREMENTS PATENTS, DATA, AND COPYRIGHTS Technical Data and Copyrights 927.403 Negotiations and deviations. Contracting officers...

  9. 48 CFR 927.403 - Negotiations and deviations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Negotiations and deviations. 927.403 Section 927.403 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY GENERAL CONTRACTING REQUIREMENTS PATENTS, DATA, AND COPYRIGHTS Technical Data and Copyrights 927.403 Negotiations and deviations. Contracting officers...

  10. Comparison of measurement standards of the acoustic pressure in air in the low frequency range: COOMET.AUV.A-K2

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chalyy, V.

    2011-01-01

    A bilateral regional comparison of national microphone standards from 2 Hz to 250 Hz was carried out between the DP NDI 'Systema' (Ukraine) and the VNIIFTRI (Russia) from July to September 2009. The comparison, COOMET.AUV.A-K2, was based on the pressure calibration of laboratory standard microphones type LSIP. The comparison results have been linked to the established key comparison reference value (KCRV) of CCAUV.A-K2. The degrees of equivalence, expressed as the deviation from the established KCRV and its expanded uncertainty (k = 2), have been determined, and the comparison result is in agreement with the KCRV within the estimated uncertainties at all employed frequencies. Main text. To reach the main text of this paper, click on Final Report. Note that this text is that which appears in Appendix B of the BIPM key comparison database kcdb.bipm.org/. The final report has been peer-reviewed and approved for publication by the CCAUV, according to the provisions of the CIPM Mutual Recognition Arrangement (MRA).

  11. 76 FR 7818 - Correction to Notice Soliciting Comments on Proposed Voluntary Product Standard PS 2-10 and...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-02-11

    ... Standard PS 2-10 (75 FR 66734). The title of the notice incorrectly gave the title of Proposed Voluntary... correct title of the proposed standard is ``Performance Standard for Wood-Based Structural-Use Panels... ``Performance Standard for Wood-Based Structural-Use Panels,'' and appears in the body of the notice. NIST...

  12. 40 CFR 1037.106 - Exhaust emission standards for CO2 for tractors above 26,000 pounds GVWR.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ...2012-07-01 false Exhaust emission standards for CO2 for tractors above 26,000 pounds GVWR...1037.106 Exhaust emission standards for CO2 for tractors above 26,000 pounds GVWR. (a) The CO2 standards of this section apply for...

  13. 40 CFR 1036.620 - Alternate CO2 standards based on model year 2011 compression-ignition engines.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ...2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Alternate CO2 standards based on model year 2011 compression-ignition...Compliance Provisions § 1036.620 Alternate CO2 standards based on model year 2011 compression-ignition...your compression-ignition engines to the CO2 standards of this section instead of...

  14. 40 CFR 1036.620 - Alternate CO2 standards based on model year 2011 compression-ignition engines.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ...2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Alternate CO2 standards based on model year 2011 compression-ignition...Compliance Provisions § 1036.620 Alternate CO2 standards based on model year 2011 compression-ignition...your compression-ignition engines to the CO2 standards of this section instead of...

  15. 40 CFR 1037.106 - Exhaust emission standards for CO2 for tractors above 26,000 pounds GVWR.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ...2013-07-01 false Exhaust emission standards for CO2 for tractors above 26,000 pounds GVWR...1037.106 Exhaust emission standards for CO2 for tractors above 26,000 pounds GVWR. (a) The CO2 standards of this section apply for...

  16. 40 CFR 1036.620 - Alternate CO2 standards based on model year 2011 compression-ignition engines.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ...2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Alternate CO2 standards based on model year 2011 compression-ignition...Compliance Provisions § 1036.620 Alternate CO2 standards based on model year 2011 compression-ignition...your compression-ignition engines to the CO2 standards of this section instead of...

  17. 40 CFR 1037.106 - Exhaust emission standards for CO2 for tractors above 26,000 pounds GVWR.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ...2014-07-01 false Exhaust emission standards for CO2 for tractors above 26,000 pounds GVWR...1037.106 Exhaust emission standards for CO2 for tractors above 26,000 pounds GVWR. (a) The CO2 standards of this section apply for...

  18. Marine microbial biodiversity, bioinformatics and biotechnology (M2B3) data reporting and service standards

    PubMed Central

    2015-01-01

    Contextual data collected concurrently with molecular samples are critical to the use of metagenomics in the fields of marine biodiversity, bioinformatics and biotechnology. We present here Marine Microbial Biodiversity, Bioinformatics and Biotechnology (M2B3) standards for “Reporting” and “Serving” data. The M2B3 Reporting Standard (1) describes minimal mandatory and recommended contextual information for a marine microbial sample obtained in the epipelagic zone, (2) includes meaningful information for researchers in the oceanographic, biodiversity and molecular disciplines, and (3) can easily be adopted by any marine laboratory with minimum sampling resources. The M2B3 Service Standard defines a software interface through which these data can be discovered and explored in data repositories. The M2B3 Standards were developed by the European project Micro B3, funded under 7th Framework Programme “Ocean of Tomorrow”, and were first used with the Ocean Sampling Day initiative. We believe that these standards have value in broader marine science. PMID:26203332

  19. Marine microbial biodiversity, bioinformatics and biotechnology (M2B3) data reporting and service standards.

    PubMed

    Ten Hoopen, Petra; Pesant, Stéphane; Kottmann, Renzo; Kopf, Anna; Bicak, Mesude; Claus, Simon; Deneudt, Klaas; Borremans, Catherine; Thijsse, Peter; Dekeyzer, Stefanie; Schaap, Dick Ma; Bowler, Chris; Glöckner, Frank Oliver; Cochrane, Guy

    2015-01-01

    Contextual data collected concurrently with molecular samples are critical to the use of metagenomics in the fields of marine biodiversity, bioinformatics and biotechnology. We present here Marine Microbial Biodiversity, Bioinformatics and Biotechnology (M2B3) standards for "Reporting" and "Serving" data. The M2B3 Reporting Standard (1) describes minimal mandatory and recommended contextual information for a marine microbial sample obtained in the epipelagic zone, (2) includes meaningful information for researchers in the oceanographic, biodiversity and molecular disciplines, and (3) can easily be adopted by any marine laboratory with minimum sampling resources. The M2B3 Service Standard defines a software interface through which these data can be discovered and explored in data repositories. The M2B3 Standards were developed by the European project Micro B3, funded under 7(th) Framework Programme "Ocean of Tomorrow", and were first used with the Ocean Sampling Day initiative. We believe that these standards have value in broader marine science. PMID:26203332

  20. 40 CFR 60.43 - Standard for sulfur dioxide (SO2).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 6 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Standard for sulfur dioxide (SO2). 60.43 Section 60.43 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS... sulfur dioxide (SO2). (a) Except as provided under paragraph (d) of this section, on and after the...

  1. 40 CFR 60.43Da - Standard for sulfur dioxide (SO2).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 6 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Standard for sulfur dioxide (SO2). 60... for sulfur dioxide (SO2). (a) On and after the date on which the initial performance test is completed... reduction requirement is determined on a 24-hour basis. (d) Sulfur dioxide emissions are limited to 520...

  2. 40 CFR 60.43 - Standard for sulfur dioxide (SO2).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 6 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Standard for sulfur dioxide (SO2). 60.43 Section 60.43 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS... sulfur dioxide (SO2). (a) Except as provided under paragraph (d) of this section, on and after the...

  3. 40 CFR 60.43Da - Standard for sulfur dioxide (SO2).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 6 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Standard for sulfur dioxide (SO2). 60... for sulfur dioxide (SO2). (a) On and after the date on which the initial performance test is completed... reduction requirement is determined on a 24-hour basis. (d) Sulfur dioxide emissions are limited to 520...

  4. 48 CFR 52.216-2 - Economic Price Adjustment-Standard Supplies.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 2 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Economic Price Adjustment... Clauses 52.216-2 Economic Price Adjustment—Standard Supplies. As prescribed in 16.203-4(a), insert the... specified in subparagraph (c)(1), upon approval by the chief of the contracting office. Economic...

  5. 48 CFR 52.216-2 - Economic Price Adjustment-Standard Supplies.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 2 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Economic Price Adjustment... Clauses 52.216-2 Economic Price Adjustment—Standard Supplies. As prescribed in 16.203-4(a), insert the... specified in subparagraph (c)(1), upon approval by the chief of the contracting office. Economic...

  6. Neutral Kaon Mixing Beyond the Standard Model from 2+1 Flavour Domain Wall QCD

    E-print Network

    Jan Wennekers

    2008-10-10

    We present preliminary results of a study of Delta S = 2 matrix elements originating from physics beyond the Standard Model. Using 2+1 flavour Domain Wall Fermions we obtain the non-perturbative renormalisation (mixing) matrix in the RI scheme. We also discuss plans for the chiral extrapolation of the renormalised matrix elements in a partially quenched set-up.

  7. Constructs Assessed by the GARS-2: Factor Analysis of Data from the Standardization Sample

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pandolfi, Vincent; Magyar, Caroline I.; Dill, Charles A.

    2010-01-01

    The GARS-2 (Gilliam 2006) is widely used for autism screening; however, the validity of its three conceptually-derived subscales has not been evaluated. In this study, exploratory (EFA) and confirmatory (CFA) factor analyses of data from matched subgroups of the standardization sample did not support the GARS-2 subscale structure. EFAs identified…

  8. 41 CFR 50-204.2 - General safety and health standards.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... Labor—Title 29 CFR— Part 1501—Safety and Health Regulations for Ship Repairing. Part 1502—Safety and... health standards. 50-204.2 Section 50-204.2 Public Contracts and Property Management Other Provisions... Other Nonmetallic Minerals, Including Silica Sand. (3) U.S. Department of Transportation: 49 CFR...

  9. 41 CFR 50-204.2 - General safety and health standards.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... Labor—Title 29 CFR— Part 1501—Safety and Health Regulations for Ship Repairing. Part 1502—Safety and... health standards. 50-204.2 Section 50-204.2 Public Contracts and Property Management Other Provisions... Other Nonmetallic Minerals, Including Silica Sand. (3) U.S. Department of Transportation: 49 CFR...

  10. 40 CFR Table 2 to Subpart IIIii of... - Work Practice Standards-Required Inspections

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... CATEGORIES (CONTINUED) National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants: Mercury Emissions From Mercury Cell Chlor-Alkali Plants Pt. 63, Subpt. IIIII, Table 2 Table 2 to Subpart IIIII of Part 63—Work... must . . . 1. Each vent hose on each mercury cell Half day A leaking vent hose Take action...

  11. 40 CFR Table 2 to Subpart IIIii of... - Work Practice Standards-Required Inspections

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... CATEGORIES (CONTINUED) National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants: Mercury Emissions From Mercury Cell Chlor-Alkali Plants Pt. 63, Subpt. IIIII, Table 2 Table 2 to Subpart IIIII of Part 63—Work... must . . . 1. Each vent hose on each mercury cell Half day A leaking vent hose Take action...

  12. 40 CFR Table 2 to Subpart IIIii of... - Work Practice Standards-Required Inspections

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... CATEGORIES (CONTINUED) National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants: Mercury Emissions From Mercury Cell Chlor-Alkali Plants Pt. 63, Subpt. IIIII, Table 2 Table 2 to Subpart IIIII of Part 63—Work... must . . . 1. Each vent hose on each mercury cell Half day A leaking vent hose Take action...

  13. 40 CFR Table 2 to Subpart IIIii of... - Work Practice Standards-Required Inspections

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... CATEGORIES (CONTINUED) National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants: Mercury Emissions From Mercury Cell Chlor-Alkali Plants Pt. 63, Subpt. IIIII, Table 2 Table 2 to Subpart IIIII of Part 63—Work... must . . . 1. Each vent hose on each mercury cell Half day A leaking vent hose Take action...

  14. Cryptanalysis of AZUMI: an EPC Class-1 Generation-2 Standard Compliant RFID Authentication Protocol

    E-print Network

    International Association for Cryptologic Research (IACR)

    . A passive RFID tag is a small electronic component which is used to identify and track an object and it canCryptanalysis of AZUMI: an EPC Class-1 Generation-2 Standard Compliant RFID Authentication Protocol function. keywords: RFID, EPC-C1 G2, Mutual Authentication, Secret Disclosure, Tag Impersonation. 1

  15. Standard Model Higgs Searches at the Tevatron

    SciTech Connect

    Knoepfel, Kyle J.

    2012-06-01

    We present results from the search for a standard model Higgs boson using data corresponding up to 10 fb{sup -1} of proton-antiproton collision data produced by the Fermilab Tevatron at a center-of-mass energy of 1.96 TeV. The data were recorded by the CDF and D0 detectors between March 2001 and September of 2011. A broad excess is observed between 105 < m{sub H} < 145 GeV/c{sup 2} with a global significance of 2.2 standard deviations relative to the background-only hypothesis.

  16. CGGTTS-Version 2E : an extended standard for GNSS Time Transfer

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Defraigne, P.; Petit, G.

    2015-10-01

    The standard for GNSS time transfer was first defined in 1984, associated to the use of GPS signals, which were at that time degraded by the Selective Availability. It was updated at a few instances to follow the evolution of GPS, of the receivers, and the inclusion of GLONASS. With the emergence of additional navigation systems like Galileo, BeiDou, QZSS, the standard has to be further adapted. This paper prepared by the CCTF Working Group on GNSS Time Transfer details the associated extended standard, named CGGTTS for Common GNSS Generic Time Transfer Standard, and the corresponding Version 2E of the format.Full paper The full paper is available online at: http://metrologia.bipm.org/guides-stds-conventions/2015/G1.pdf

  17. Influence of occlusal plane inclination and mandibular deviation on esthetics

    PubMed Central

    Corte, Cristiane Cherobini Dalla; da Silveira, Bruno Lopes; Marquezan, Mariana

    2015-01-01

    Objective: The aim of this study was to assess the degree of perception of occlusal plane inclination and mandibular deviation in facial esthetics, assessed by laypeople, dentists and orthodontists. Methods: A woman with 5.88° of inclination and 5.54 mm of mandibular deviation was selected and, based on her original photograph, four new images were created correcting the deviations and creating more symmetric faces and smiles. Examiners assessed the images by means of a questionnaire. Their opinions were compared by qualitative and quantitative analyses. Results: A total of 45 laypeople, 27 dentists and 31 orthodontists filled out the questionnaires. All groups were able to perceive the asymmetry; however, orthodontists were more sensitive, identifying asymmetries as from 4.32° of occlusal plane inclination and 4.155 mm of mandibular deviation (p< 0.05). The other categories of evaluators identified asymmetries and assigned significantly lower grades, starting from 5.88° of occlusal plane inclination and 5.54 mm of mandibular deviation (p< 0.05). Conclusion: Occlusal plane inclination and mandibular deviation were perceived by all groups, but orthodontists presented higher perception of deviations. PMID:26560821

  18. Math 466 -Practice Problems for Exam 2 1. Suppose that X1, . . . , Xn for a random sample from a uniform distri-

    E-print Network

    Watkins, Joseph C.

    for this test (b) Determine the size of this test. 2. The lifetime (in years) of a particular brand of car battery has a mean of µ and a standard deviation of . (a) Suppose the population mean µ is 4.3 and the population standard deviation is 4.8. The lifetimes of a sample of n batteries are found. The probability

  19. Ion Density Deviations in Polyelectrolyte Microcapsules: Influence on Biosensors

    E-print Network

    Qiyun Tang; Alan R. Denton

    2014-10-24

    Polyelectrolyte microcapsules loaded with fluorescent dyes have been proposed as biosensors to monitor local pH and ionic strength for diagnostic purposes. In the case of charged microcapsules, however, the local electric field can cause deviations of ion densities inside the cavities, potentially resulting in misdiagnosis of some diseases. Using nonlinear Poisson-Boltzmann theory, we systematically investigate these deviations induced by charged microcapsules. Our results show that the microcapsule charge density, as well as the capsule and salt concentrations, contribute to deviations of local ion concentrations and pH. Our findings are relevant for applications of polyelectrolyte microcapsules with encapsulated ion-sensitive dyes as biosensors.

  20. Proper calculation of a modulation half cycle from the Allan deviation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Carson, Cantwell G.; Haljasmaa, Igor V.

    2015-12-01

    The Allan deviation is commonly used to determine the long term stability and precision of oscillators or otherwise continuous measurements. When periodic, fixed frequency modulation is present, it has been previously stated that the resulting peak in the estimate coincides with the half cycle of the modulation period. However, this peak is located at ~74.2% of the actual half cycle. In this work, we provide a generalized derivation of the modulation half cycle time constant from the Allan deviation estimate. Furthermore, the peak locations for the Hadamard, Modified Allan, and time deviations are shown to be approximately 84.2, 61.0, and 84.2%, respectively of the modulation half cycle time constants.

  1. 40 CFR 60.483-2 - Alternative standards for valves-skip period leak detection and repair.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 7 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Alternative standards for valves-skip period leak detection and repair. 60.483-2 Section 60.483-2 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS (CONTINUED) STANDARDS OF PERFORMANCE FOR NEW STATIONARY SOURCES Standards of Performance for Equipment...

  2. 40 CFR 60.483-2 - Alternative standards for valves-skip period leak detection and repair.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 7 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Alternative standards for valves-skip period leak detection and repair. 60.483-2 Section 60.483-2 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS (CONTINUED) STANDARDS OF PERFORMANCE FOR NEW STATIONARY SOURCES Standards of Performance for Equipment...

  3. 40 CFR 60.483-2a - Alternative standards for valves-skip period leak detection and repair.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 7 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Alternative standards for valves-skip period leak detection and repair. 60.483-2a Section 60.483-2a Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS (CONTINUED) STANDARDS OF PERFORMANCE FOR NEW STATIONARY SOURCES Standards of Performance for...

  4. 40 CFR 60.483-2a - Alternative standards for valves-skip period leak detection and repair.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 7 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Alternative standards for valves-skip period leak detection and repair. 60.483-2a Section 60.483-2a Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS (CONTINUED) STANDARDS OF PERFORMANCE FOR NEW STATIONARY SOURCES Standards of Performance for...

  5. WaterML2.0: Harmonising standards for water observations data

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Taylor, Peter; Walker, Gavin; Valentine, David; Cox, Simon

    2010-05-01

    Our ability to share and understand water information from various sources is currently limited by the use of incompatible information management and publication technologies. Water resource managers, hydro-power generators, meteorologists and other interested stakeholders all monitor water resources and store their data using a wide array of technologies. Standards are multi-party agreements that provide a common ground on which people can share information by minimising ambiguity and sharing definitions for domain concepts. They are most effective when surrounded by an active community who, along with taking part in defining such concepts, develop supporting tools that allow for easy transmission and interpretation of data sets. Existing standards for water observations only exist within organisations or countries; there are no internationally agreed upon standards for encoding such data. Groups such as the Consortium of Universities for the Advancement of Hydrological Sciences, the Australian Bureau of Meteorology, and others, have developed standards for national exchange of water information, such as WaterML1.1 and the Water Data Transfer Format; other standards such as Xhydro have been developed at the sub national level. An initial analysis of existing standards (including WaterML1.1, WDTF, XHydro and the UK EA format) found sufficient commonality to suggest a role for an international standard. Such a standard would reduce the load on organisations developing their own standards. The commonalities exist in the way in which measurements and observations are made and described, such as time series data produced from automated sensors commonly used for hydrological monitoring. The Observations and Measurements (O&M) standard, developed by the Open Geospatial Consortium (OGC), is capable of describing measurements made by sensors and humans in a common way, involving both remote and in-situ sensing. O&M is generic, in that it does not define the concepts for a particular domain such as hydrology, but rather the abstract components that are needed when making observations: features, observed properties of features, observation procedures and results. By making use of the O&M standard and specialising it with harmonised definitions of water observation concepts, it is proposed that a domain-level standard, WaterML2.0, be developed. It would be capable of precisely describing the relevant aspects of hydrological observations. Re-using existing standards suites, such as OGC, allows the development to focus on capturing domain specific concepts without redefining common types such as spatial types, standard data structures and so on. The development will be done by involving key stakeholders who have developed existing standards and understand hydrological observational practices. Through the Hydrology Domain Working Group within OGC, jointly chaired by the OGC and the World Meteorological Organization (WMO), WaterML2.0 will be developed as an OGC standard. It may then be leveraged by existing web services, such as the OGC's Sensor Observation Service (SOS), to query and extract water information across the Internet using common tools. This will allow water information to be shared - and most importantly understood - by a much wider audience.

  6. 77 FR 59374 - Certain Small Diameter Carbon and Alloy Seamless Standard, Line and Pressure Pipe (Under 41/2

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-09-27

    ...Administration [A-588-851] Certain Small Diameter Carbon and Alloy Seamless Standard, Line and Pressure Pipe (Under 4\\1/2...of the antidumping order on certain small diameter carbon and alloy seamless standard, line and pressure pipe (under...

  7. 9 CFR 381.308 - Deviations in processing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ...) must be handled according to: (1)(i) A HACCP plan for canned product that addresses hazards associated... (d) of this section. (c) (d) Procedures for handling process deviations where the HACCP plan...

  8. Recognizing deviations from normalcy for brain tumor segmentation

    E-print Network

    Gering, David T. (David Thomas), 1971-

    2003-01-01

    A framework is proposed for the segmentation of brain tumors from MRI. Instead of training on pathology, the proposed method trains exclusively on healthy tissue. The algorithm attempts to recognize deviations from normalcy ...

  9. Correction method for sonic logging trace from deviated well

    SciTech Connect

    Xuejun, W.; Xiaoping, Z. )

    1992-01-01

    This paper reports that the synthetic seismogram derived from deviated well logging trace can not be used to make stratigraphic division along the deviated well. It may be applied to stratigraphic division for the vertical seismic trace at the head of the deviated well; however, great error occurs in such stratigraphic division because of bed dip influence. It is necessary, therefore, to make dip and depth corrections of the deviated well logging trace so as to obtain a pseudo logging trace which reflects the petrophysical property of a vertical seismic trace at the well head. Then the pseudo vertical logging trace is used to produce synthetic seismogram that can be used to perform stratigraphic division for vertical seismic trace at the well head. The example shows that the stratigraphic division using this method is reliable. This method is applicable for the are in which geological structure is simple.

  10. Large Deviations and a Fluctuation Symmetry for Chaotic Homeomorphisms

    E-print Network

    Christian Maes; Evgeny Verbitskiy

    2002-03-06

    We consider expansive homeomorphisms with the specification property. We give a new simple proof of a large deviation principle for Gibbs measures corresponding to a regular potential and we establish a general symmetry of the rate function for the large deviations of the antisymmetric part, under time-reversal, of the potential. This generalizes the Gallavotti-Cohen fluctuation theorem to a larger class of chaotic systems.

  11. Dissociated vertical deviation: evidence of abnormal visual pathway projection.

    PubMed Central

    Fitzgerald, B. A.; Billson, F. A.

    1984-01-01

    Abnormalities in visually evoked responses have been used to demonstrate abnormal optic nerve fibre projections in human albinos, who have anomalous nystagmoid movements. Using visually evoked potentials we tested the hypothesis that patients with dissociated vertical deviation (another group with anomalous nystagmoid movements) may have abnormal visual evoked responses similar to those of albinos. Patients with dissociated vertical deviation (both unilateral and alternating), patients with congenital esotropia without dissociated vertical deviation, and normal subjects were investigated. The results showed a very high incidence of abnormal visual evoked responses in patients with dissociated vertical deviation, while recordings from the other groups were normal. As well as suggesting the possibility of abnormalities of optic nerve fibre projections, the visual evoked responses showed a marked increase in latency in all patients with dissociated vertical deviation. These results occurred regardless of the visual acuity or amblyopia of the eyes tested. The possible existence of abnormal pathway projection in the presence of dissociated vertical deviation is discussed. PMID:6498135

  12. Version 2.0 Draft 30/7/97 Chapter 2 Software Process -Standards,

    E-print Network

    Emmerich, Wolfgang

    for quality management of production activ- ities. Organisations are supposed to set up a quality system, procedures, and standards; producing reports to the high-level management. (6) The details of the quality activities. (7) When a new project is planned, the project manager identifies the quality issues relevant

  13. 40 CFR 1042.101 - Exhaust emission standards for Category 1 engines and Category 2 engines.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 34 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Exhaust emission standards for Category 1 engines and Category 2 engines. 1042.101 Section 1042.101 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR POLLUTION CONTROLS CONTROL OF EMISSIONS FROM NEW AND IN-USE MARINE COMPRESSION-IGNITION ENGINES AND...

  14. 29 CFR 1926.2 - Variances from safety and health standards.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... false Variances from safety and health standards. 1926.2 ...Relating to Labor (Continued) OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION...of the Williams-Steiger Occupational Safety and Health Act...under the Williams-Steiger Occupational Safety and Health Act...

  15. "GFL2"! The Updated "Geography for Life: National Geography Standards, Second Edition"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Heffron, Susan Gallagher

    2012-01-01

    "Geography for Life: National Geography Standards, Second Edition" ("GFL2") is the recently released update of the original edition published in 1994. The original edition of "Geography for Life" provided excellent guidance on geographic content for teachers, curriculum designers, publishers, and pre-service teachers as well as many other…

  16. LANDSAT 2 cumulative US standard catalog. [LANDSAT imagery for January 1976

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1977-01-01

    The U.S. Standard Catalog lists U.S. imagery acquired by LANDSAT 1 and LANDSAT 2 which has been processed and input to the data files during the referenced month. Data, such as date acquired, cloud cover and image quality, are given for each scene. The microfilm roll and frame on which the scene may be found is also given.

  17. 40 CFR 60.693-2 - Alternative standards for oil-water separators.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... § 60.692-6. (b) An owner or operator must notify the Administrator in the report required by 40 CFR 60... for VOC Emissions From Petroleum Refinery Wastewater Systems § 60.693-2 Alternative standards for oil... installation of the floating roof and introduction of refinery wastewater and once every 5 years thereafter....

  18. 40 CFR 60.693-2 - Alternative standards for oil-water separators.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... § 60.692-6. (b) An owner or operator must notify the Administrator in the report required by 40 CFR 60... for VOC Emissions From Petroleum Refinery Wastewater Systems § 60.693-2 Alternative standards for oil... installation of the floating roof and introduction of refinery wastewater and once every 5 years thereafter....

  19. 40 CFR 60.693-2 - Alternative standards for oil-water separators.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... § 60.692-6. (b) An owner or operator must notify the Administrator in the report required by 40 CFR 60... for VOC Emissions From Petroleum Refinery Wastewater Systems § 60.693-2 Alternative standards for oil... installation of the floating roof and introduction of refinery wastewater and once every 5 years thereafter....

  20. 40 CFR 60.693-2 - Alternative standards for oil-water separators.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... § 60.692-6. (b) An owner or operator must notify the Administrator in the report required by 40 CFR 60... for VOC Emissions From Petroleum Refinery Wastewater Systems § 60.693-2 Alternative standards for oil... installation of the floating roof and introduction of refinery wastewater and once every 5 years thereafter....

  1. 40 CFR 60.693-2 - Alternative standards for oil-water separators.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... § 60.692-6. (b) An owner or operator must notify the Administrator in the report required by 40 CFR 60... for VOC Emissions From Petroleum Refinery Wastewater Systems § 60.693-2 Alternative standards for oil... installation of the floating roof and introduction of refinery wastewater and once every 5 years thereafter....

  2. Empirical data and the variance-covariance matrix for the 1969 Smithsonian Standard Earth (2)

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Gaposchkin, E. M.

    1972-01-01

    The empirical data used in the 1969 Smithsonian Standard Earth (2) are presented. The variance-covariance matrix, or the normal equations, used for correlation analysis, are considered. The format and contents of the matrix, available on magnetic tape, are described and a sample printout is given.

  3. 40 CFR 60.43 - Standard for sulfur dioxide (SO2).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...STATIONARY SOURCES Standards of Performance for Fossil-Fuel-Fired Steam Generators for Which Construction...input (0.80 lb/MMBtu) derived from liquid fossil fuel or liquid fossil fuel and wood residue. (2) 520 ng/J heat...

  4. 40 CFR 60.43 - Standard for sulfur dioxide (SO2).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...STATIONARY SOURCES Standards of Performance for Fossil-Fuel-Fired Steam Generators for Which Construction...input (0.80 lb/MMBtu) derived from liquid fossil fuel or liquid fossil fuel and wood residue. (2) 520 ng/J heat...

  5. The GLAS Standard Data Products Specification--Level 2, Version 9. Volume 14

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Lee, Jeffrey E.

    2013-01-01

    The Geoscience Laser Altimeter System (GLAS) is the primary instrument for the ICESat (Ice, Cloud and Land Elevation Satellite) laser altimetry mission. ICESat was the benchmark Earth Observing System (EOS) mission for measuring ice sheet mass balance, cloud and aerosol heights, as well as land topography and vegetation characteristics. From 2003 to 2009, the ICESat mission provided multi-year elevation data needed to determine ice sheet mass balance as well as cloud property information, especially for stratospheric clouds common over polar areas. It also provided topography and vegetation data around the globe, in addition to the polar-specific coverage over the Greenland and Antarctic ice sheets.This document defines the Level-2 GLAS standard data products. This document addresses the data flow, interfaces, record and data formats associated with the GLAS Level 2 standard data products. The term standard data products refers to those EOS instrument data that are routinely generated for public distribution. The National Snow and Ice Data Center (NSDIC) distribute these products. Each data product has a unique Product Identification code assigned by the Senior Project Scientist. The Level 2 Standard Data Products specifically include those derived geophysical data values (i.e., ice sheet elevation, cloud height, vegetation height, etc.). Additionally, the appropriate correction elements used to transform the Level 1A and Level 1B Data Products into Level 2 Data Products are included. The data are packaged with time tags, precision orbit location coordinates, and data quality and usage flags.

  6. 40 CFR 86.1865-12 - How to comply with the fleet average CO2 standards.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ...-12. The model type carbon-related exhaust emission results determined according to 40 CFR part 600... CFR 85.1502. (2) The terms “passenger automobile” and “light truck” as used in this section have the...: (ii) Heavy-duty vehicles subject to standards under 40 CFR 1037.104. (j) * * * (4) * * *...

  7. Cryptanalysis of AZUMI: an EPC Class1 Generation2 Standard Compliant RFID Authentication Protocol

    E-print Network

    International Association for Cryptologic Research (IACR)

    of this study. A passive RFID tag is a small electronic component which is used to identify and track an object tracking, supply­chain management, theft­prevention, e­ passport, etc. Notably, low­cost RFID can be a goodCryptanalysis of AZUMI: an EPC Class­1 Generation­2 Standard Compliant RFID Authentication Protocol

  8. 76 FR 64810 - Beverages: Bottled Water Quality Standard; Establishing an Allowable Level for di(2-ethylhexyl...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-10-19

    ... contaminants (61 FR 13258), this rule continues to ensure that, should current conditions change, such as new... SERVICES Food and Drug Administration 21 CFR Part 165 Beverages: Bottled Water Quality Standard; Establishing an Allowable Level for di(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate AGENCY: Food and Drug Administration, HHS....

  9. 40 CFR 60.42c - Standard for sulfur dioxide (SO2).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ...-Commercial-Institutional Steam Generating Units § 60.42c Standard for sulfur dioxide (SO2). (a) Except as... bed combustion steam generating unit shall neither: (i) Cause to be discharged into the atmosphere... part of a combined cycle system where 30 percent (0.30) or less of the heat entering the...

  10. 40 CFR 60.42c - Standard for sulfur dioxide (SO2).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...-Commercial-Institutional Steam Generating Units § 60.42c Standard for sulfur dioxide (SO2). (a) Except as... bed combustion steam generating unit shall neither: (i) Cause to be discharged into the atmosphere... part of a combined cycle system where 30 percent (0.30) or less of the heat entering the...

  11. 40 CFR 60.42b - Standard for sulfur dioxide (SO2).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...-Commercial-Institutional Steam Generating Units § 60.42b Standard for sulfur dioxide (SO2). (a) Except as... in a fluidized bed combustion steam generating unit shall cause to be discharged into the atmosphere... the heat entering the steam generating unit is from combustion of coal and oil in the duct burner...

  12. 40 CFR 60.42c - Standard for sulfur dioxide (SO2).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...-Commercial-Institutional Steam Generating Units § 60.42c Standard for sulfur dioxide (SO2). (a) Except as... bed combustion steam generating unit shall neither: (i) Cause to be discharged into the atmosphere... part of a combined cycle system where 30 percent (0.30) or less of the heat entering the...

  13. 40 CFR 60.42b - Standard for sulfur dioxide (SO2).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ...-Commercial-Institutional Steam Generating Units § 60.42b Standard for sulfur dioxide (SO2). (a) Except as... in a fluidized bed combustion steam generating unit shall cause to be discharged into the atmosphere... the heat entering the steam generating unit is from combustion of coal and oil in the duct burner...

  14. 40 CFR 60.42c - Standard for sulfur dioxide (SO2).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ...-Commercial-Institutional Steam Generating Units § 60.42c Standard for sulfur dioxide (SO2). (a) Except as... bed combustion steam generating unit shall neither: (i) Cause to be discharged into the atmosphere... part of a combined cycle system where 30 percent (0.30) or less of the heat entering the...

  15. 40 CFR 60.42b - Standard for sulfur dioxide (SO2).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ...-Commercial-Institutional Steam Generating Units § 60.42b Standard for sulfur dioxide (SO2). (a) Except as... in a fluidized bed combustion steam generating unit shall cause to be discharged into the atmosphere... the heat entering the steam generating unit is from combustion of coal and oil in the duct burner...

  16. 40 CFR 60.42b - Standard for sulfur dioxide (SO2).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...-Commercial-Institutional Steam Generating Units § 60.42b Standard for sulfur dioxide (SO2). (a) Except as... in a fluidized bed combustion steam generating unit shall cause to be discharged into the atmosphere... the heat entering the steam generating unit is from combustion of coal and oil in the duct burner...

  17. 40 CFR 60.42c - Standard for sulfur dioxide (SO2).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ...-Commercial-Institutional Steam Generating Units § 60.42c Standard for sulfur dioxide (SO2). (a) Except as... bed combustion steam generating unit shall neither: (i) Cause to be discharged into the atmosphere... part of a combined cycle system where 30 percent (0.30) or less of the heat entering the...

  18. 40 CFR 60.42b - Standard for sulfur dioxide (SO2).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ...-Commercial-Institutional Steam Generating Units § 60.42b Standard for sulfur dioxide (SO2). (a) Except as... in a fluidized bed combustion steam generating unit shall cause to be discharged into the atmosphere... the heat entering the steam generating unit is from combustion of coal and oil in the duct burner...

  19. 7 CFR 801.2 - Meaning of terms.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ...Avoirdupois weight. A unit of weight based on a pound of 16 ounces. (2) Barley pearler. An approved laboratory device used to mechanically dehull kernels of barley or other grain. (3) Deviation from standard. In testing...

  20. Characterization of a Recombinant Adeno-Associated Virus Type 2 Reference Standard Material

    PubMed Central

    Lock, Martin; McGorray, Susan; Auricchio, Alberto; Ayuso, Eduard; Beecham, E. Jeffrey; Blouin-Tavel, Véronique; Bosch, Fatima; Bose, Mahuya; Byrne, Barry J.; Caton, Tina; Chiorini, John A.; Chtarto, Abdelwahed; Clark, K. Reed; Conlon, Thomas; Darmon, Christophe; Doria, Monica; Douar, Anne; Flotte, Terence R.; Francis, Joyce D.; Francois, Achille; Giacca, Mauro; Korn, Michael T.; Korytov, Irina; Leon, Xavier; Leuchs, Barbara; Lux, Gabriele; Melas, Catherine; Mizukami, Hiroaki; Moullier, Philippe; Müller, Marcus; Ozawa, Keiya; Philipsberg, Tina; Poulard, Karine; Raupp, Christina; Rivičre, Christel; Roosendaal, Sigrid D.; Samulski, R. Jude; Soltys, Steven M.; Surosky, Richard; Tenenbaum, Liliane; Thomas, Darby L.; van Montfort, Bart; Veres, Gabor; Wright, J. Fraser; Xu, Yili; Zelenaia, Olga; Zentilin, Lorena

    2010-01-01

    Abstract A recombinant adeno-associated virus serotype 2 Reference Standard Material (rAAV2 RSM) has been produced and characterized with the purpose of providing a reference standard for particle titer, vector genome titer, and infectious titer for AAV2 gene transfer vectors. Production and purification of the reference material were carried out by helper virus–free transient transfection and chromatographic purification. The purified bulk material was vialed, confirmed negative for microbial contamination, and then distributed for characterization along with standard assay protocols and assay reagents to 16 laboratories worldwide. Using statistical transformation and modeling of the raw data, mean titers and confidence intervals were determined for capsid particles ({X}, 9.18?×?1011 particles/ml; 95% confidence interval [CI], 7.89?×?1011 to 1.05?×?1012 particles/ml), vector genomes ({X}, 3.28?×?1010 vector genomes/ml; 95% CI, 2.70?×?1010 to 4.75?×?1010 vector genomes/ml), transducing units ({X}, 5.09?×?108 transducing units/ml; 95% CI, 2.00?×?108 to 9.60?×?108 transducing units/ml), and infectious units ({X}, 4.37?×?109 TCID50 IU/ml; 95% CI, 2.06?×?109 to 9.26?×?109 TCID50 IU/ml). Further analysis confirmed the identity of the reference material as AAV2 and the purity relative to nonvector proteins as greater than 94%. One obvious trend in the quantitative data was the degree of variation between institutions for each assay despite the relatively tight correlation of assay results within an institution. This relatively poor degree of interlaboratory precision and accuracy was apparent even though attempts were made to standardize the assays by providing detailed protocols and common reagents. This is the first time that such variation between laboratories has been thoroughly documented and the findings emphasize the need in the field for universal reference standards. The rAAV2 RSM has been deposited with the American Type Culture Collection and is available to the scientific community to calibrate laboratory-specific internal titer standards. Anticipated uses of the rAAV2 RSM are discussed. PMID:20486768

  1. Large deviations for local time fractional Brownian motion and applications

    E-print Network

    Meerschaert, Mark M; Xiao, Yimin

    2007-01-01

    Let $W^H=\\{W^H(t), t \\in \\rr\\}$ be a fractional Brownian motion of Hurst index $H \\in (0, 1)$ with values in $\\rr$, and let $L = \\{L_t, t \\ge 0\\}$ be the local time process at zero of a strictly stable L\\'evy process $X=\\{X_t, t \\ge 0\\}$ of index $1<\\alpha\\leq 2$ independent of $W^H$. The $\\a$-stable local time fractional Brownian motion $Z^H=\\{Z^H(t), t \\ge 0\\}$ is defined by $Z^H(t) = W^H(L_t)$. The process $Z^H$ is self-similar with self-similarity index $H(1 - \\frac 1 \\alpha)$ and is related to the scaling limit of a continuous time random walk with heavy-tailed waiting times between jumps (\\cite{coupleCTRW,limitCTRW}). However, $Z^H$ does not have stationary increments and is non-Gaussian. In this paper we establish large deviation results for the process $Z^H$. As applications we derive upper bounds for the uniform modulus of continuity and the laws of the iterated logarithm for $Z^H$.

  2. Large Deviations and Importance Sampling for Systems of Slow-Fast Motion

    SciTech Connect

    Spiliopoulos, Konstantinos

    2013-02-15

    In this paper we develop the large deviations principle and a rigorous mathematical framework for asymptotically efficient importance sampling schemes for general, fully dependent systems of stochastic differential equations of slow and fast motion with small noise in the slow component. We assume periodicity with respect to the fast component. Depending on the interaction of the fast scale with the smallness of the noise, we get different behavior. We examine how one range of interaction differs from the other one both for the large deviations and for the importance sampling. We use the large deviations results to identify asymptotically optimal importance sampling schemes in each case. Standard Monte Carlo schemes perform poorly in the small noise limit. In the presence of multiscale aspects one faces additional difficulties and straightforward adaptation of importance sampling schemes for standard small noise diffusions will not produce efficient schemes. It turns out that one has to consider the so called cell problem from the homogenization theory for Hamilton-Jacobi-Bellman equations in order to guarantee asymptotic optimality. We use stochastic control arguments.

  3. Will Septal Correction Surgery for Deviated Nasal Septum Improve the Sense of Smell? A Prospective Study

    PubMed Central

    Gupta, Neelima; Singh, P. P.; Bagla, Rahul Kumar

    2015-01-01

    Background and Objectives. Nasal obstruction due to deviated nasal septum is a common problem bringing a patient to an otorhinolaryngologist. Occasionally, these patients may also complain of olfactory impairment. We proposed to study the effect of septal deviation on the lateralised olfactory function and the change in olfaction after surgery of the septum (septoplasty). Methods. Forty-one patients with deviated nasal septum were evaluated for nasal airflow, olfactory score, and nasal symptomatology. Septoplasty was done under local anesthesia. Pre- and postoperative olfactory scores, airflow and olfactory scores, and nasal symptomatology and olfactory scores were compared and correlated. Results. The range of preoperative composite olfactory score (COS) on the side of septal deviation was 4–14 (mean 7.90 ± 2.234) and on the nonobstructed side was 9–18 (mean 14.49 ± 2.378). Severity of deviated nasal septum and preoperative COS of diseased side were correlated and the correlation was found to be significant (rho = ?0.690, p = 0.000 (<0.001)). The preoperative mean COS (7.90 ± 2.234) was compared with the postoperative mean COS (12.39 ± 3.687) and the improvement was found to be statistically significant (p = 0.000 (<0.001)). Conclusion. We found improvement in olfactory function in 70.6% patients after surgery, no change in 20.1%, and reduced function in 7.6%. With the limitation of a small sample size and a potential repeat testing bias, we would conclude that correction of nasal septal deviation may lead to improvement in sense of smell. PMID:26491724

  4. Rolling Deck to Repository (R2R): Big Data and Standard Services for the Fleet Community

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Arko, R. A.; Carbotte, S. M.; Chandler, C. L.; Smith, S. R.; Stocks, K. I.

    2014-12-01

    The Rolling Deck to Repository (R2R; http://rvdata.us/) program curates underway environmental sensor data from the U.S. academic oceanographic research fleet, ensuring data sets are routinely and consistently documented, preserved in long-term archives, and disseminated to the science community. Currently 25 in-service vessels contribute 7 terabytes of data to R2R each year, acquired from a full suite of geophysical, oceanographic, meteorological, and navigational sensors on over 400 cruises worldwide. To accommodate this large volume and variety of data, R2R has developed highly efficient stewardship procedures. These include scripted "break out" of cruise data packages from each vessel based on standard filename and directory patterns; automated harvest of cruise metadata from the UNOLS Office via Web Services and from OpenXML-based forms submitted by vessel operators; scripted quality assessment routines that calculate statistical summaries and standard ratings for selected data types; adoption of community-standard controlled vocabularies for vessel codes, instrument types, etc, provided by the NERC Vocabulary Server, in lieu of maintaining custom local term lists; and a standard package structure based on the IETF BagIt format for delivering data to long-term archives. Documentation and standard post-field products, including quality-controlled shiptrack navigation data for every cruise, are published in multiple services and formats to satisfy a diverse range of clients. These include Catalog Service for Web (CSW), GeoRSS, and OAI-PMH discovery services via a GeoNetwork portal; OGC Web Map and Feature Services for GIS clients; a citable Digital Object Identifier (DOI) for each dataset; ISO 19115-2 standard geospatial metadata records suitable for submission to long-term archives as well as the POGO global catalog; and Linked Open Data resources with a SPARQL query endpoint for Semantic Web clients. R2R participates in initiatives such as the Ocean Data Interoperability Platform (ODIP) and the NSF EarthCube OceanLink project to promote community-standard formats, vocabularies, and services among ocean data providers.

  5. EBSD study of angular deviations from the Goss component in grain-oriented electrical steels.

    PubMed

    Bernier, Nicolas; Leunis, Elke; Furtado, Carlos; Van De Putte, Tom; Ban, Gabor

    2013-01-01

    The magnetic properties of grain-oriented (GO) electrical steels strongly depend on the distribution of the ? and ? angles, i.e., the deviations of the easy magnetisation <100> from the rolling direction (RD) in the rolling plane and out of the rolling plane, respectively. However, most Electron Backscatter Diffraction (EBSD) studies consider the standard Goss deviation angle, which includes the rotation of the (110) plane about the RD. Therefore, in the present work, a new procedure is demonstrated for deriving the ? and ? angles from EBSD mappings to obtain a quantitative texture characterisation in line with the magnetic properties. This procedure is later applied to 37 GO steels after secondary recrystallisation that exhibit a wide range of permeability levels. The relation between the texture and the polarisation at 800A/m (J800) that is measured in the present study by EBSD is compared to the one that has been determined in previous papers with optical goniometers and X-ray diffraction techniques, and this relation is subsequently used to define a relevant parameter to describe the orientation quality of the grains. The results indicate that the average angle of the ? and ? deviations is a relevant deviation parameter for the characterisation of grain orientations. Finally, it is demonstrated that the combination of the quantitative correlation between polarisation and texture with the orientation imaging of EBSD offers the possibilities of both studying the crystallographic environment of highly oriented grains in the primary recrystallised matrix for the production of high-permeability steels and evaluating the spatial distribution of the angular deviations in GO steels after secondary recrystallisation. PMID:24090630

  6. Validation for 2D/3D registration I: A new gold standard data set

    SciTech Connect

    Pawiro, S. A.; Markelj, P.; Pernus, F.; Gendrin, C.; Figl, M.; Weber, C.; Kainberger, F.; Noebauer-Huhmann, I.; Bergmeister, H.; Stock, M.; Georg, D.; Bergmann, H.; Birkfellner, W.

    2011-03-15

    Purpose: In this article, the authors propose a new gold standard data set for the validation of two-dimensional/three-dimensional (2D/3D) and 3D/3D image registration algorithms. Methods: A gold standard data set was produced using a fresh cadaver pig head with attached fiducial markers. The authors used several imaging modalities common in diagnostic imaging or radiotherapy, which include 64-slice computed tomography (CT), magnetic resonance imaging using Tl, T2, and proton density sequences, and cone beam CT imaging data. Radiographic data were acquired using kilovoltage and megavoltage imaging techniques. The image information reflects both anatomy and reliable fiducial marker information and improves over existing data sets by the level of anatomical detail, image data quality, and soft-tissue content. The markers on the 3D and 2D image data were segmented using ANALYZE 10.0 (AnalyzeDirect, Inc., Kansas City, KN) and an in-house software. Results: The projection distance errors and the expected target registration errors over all the image data sets were found to be less than 2.71 and 1.88 mm, respectively. Conclusions: The gold standard data set, obtained with state-of-the-art imaging technology, has the potential to improve the validation of 2D/3D and 3D/3D registration algorithms for image guided therapy.

  7. Deviations From Newton's Law in Supersymmetric Large Extra Dimensions

    E-print Network

    P. Callin; C. P. Burgess

    2005-11-17

    Deviations from Newton's Inverse-Squared Law at the micron length scale are smoking-gun signals for models containing Supersymmetric Large Extra Dimensions (SLEDs), which have been proposed as approaches for resolving the Cosmological Constant Problem. Just like their non-supersymmetric counterparts, SLED models predict gravity to deviate from the inverse-square law because of the advent of new dimensions at sub-millimeter scales. However SLED models differ from their non-supersymmetric counterparts in three important ways: (i) the size of the extra dimensions is fixed by the observed value of the Dark Energy density, making it impossible to shorten the range over which new deviations from Newton's law must be seen; (ii) supersymmetry predicts there to be more fields in the extra dimensions than just gravity, implying different types of couplings to matter and the possibility of repulsive as well as attractive interactions; and (iii) the same mechanism which is purported to keep the cosmological constant naturally small also keeps the extra-dimensional moduli effectively massless, leading to deviations from General Relativity in the far infrared of the scalar-tensor form. We here explore the deviations from Newton's Law which are predicted over micron distances, and show the ways in which they differ and resemble those in the non-supersymmetric case.

  8. Rolling Deck to Repository (R2R): Standards and Semantics for Open Access to Research Data

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Arko, Robert; Carbotte, Suzanne; Chandler, Cynthia; Smith, Shawn; Stocks, Karen

    2015-04-01

    In recent years, a growing number of funding agencies and professional societies have issued policies calling for open access to research data. The Rolling Deck to Repository (R2R) program is working to ensure open access to the environmental sensor data routinely acquired by the U.S. academic research fleet. Currently 25 vessels deliver 7 terabytes of data to R2R each year, acquired from a suite of geophysical, oceanographic, meteorological, and navigational sensors on over 400 cruises worldwide. R2R is working to ensure these data are preserved in trusted repositories, discoverable via standard protocols, and adequately documented for reuse. R2R maintains a master catalog of cruises for the U.S. academic research fleet, currently holding essential documentation for over 3,800 expeditions including vessel and cruise identifiers, start/end dates and ports, project titles and funding awards, science parties, dataset inventories with instrument types and file formats, data quality assessments, and links to related content at other repositories. A Digital Object Identifier (DOI) is published for 1) each cruise, 2) each original field sensor dataset, 3) each post-field data product such as quality-controlled shiptrack navigation produced by the R2R program, and 4) each document such as a cruise report submitted by the science party. Scientists are linked to personal identifiers, such as the Open Researcher and Contributor ID (ORCID), where known. Using standard global identifiers such as DOIs and ORCIDs facilitates linking with journal publications and generation of citation metrics. Since its inception, the R2R program has worked in close collaboration with other data repositories in the development of shared semantics for oceanographic research. The R2R cruise catalog uses community-standard terms and definitions hosted by the NERC Vocabulary Server, and publishes ISO metadata records for each cruise that use community-standard profiles developed with the NOAA Data Centers and the EU SeaDataNet project. R2R is a partner in the Ocean Data Interoperability Platform (ODIP), working to strengthen links among regional and national data systems, as well as a lead partner in the EarthCube "GeoLink" project, developing a standard set of ontology design patterns for publishing research data using Semantic Web protocols.

  9. 49 CFR 1200.2 - Adoption of generally accepted accounting principles issued by the Financial Accounting Standards...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... false Adoption of generally accepted accounting principles issued by the Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB). 1200.2...ACCOUNTS, RECORDS AND REPORTS GENERAL ACCOUNTING REGULATIONS UNDER THE INTERSTATE...

  10. 49 CFR 1200.2 - Adoption of generally accepted accounting principles issued by the Financial Accounting Standards...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... false Adoption of generally accepted accounting principles issued by the Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB). 1200.2...ACCOUNTS, RECORDS AND REPORTS GENERAL ACCOUNTING REGULATIONS UNDER THE INTERSTATE...

  11. 40 CFR 50.13 - National primary and secondary ambient air quality standards for PM2.5.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ...secondary ambient air quality standards for PM2.5. 50.13 Section 50.13 Protection...secondary ambient air quality standards for PM2.5 . (a) The national primary...concentration measured in the ambient air as PM2.5 (particles with an...

  12. 40 CFR 50.7 - National primary and secondary ambient air quality standards for PM2.5.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ...secondary ambient air quality standards for PM2.5. 50.7 Section 50.7 Protection...secondary ambient air quality standards for PM2.5 . (a) The national primary...concentration measured in the ambient air as PM2.5 (particles with an...

  13. 40 CFR 50.7 - National primary and secondary ambient air quality standards for PM2.5.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ...secondary ambient air quality standards for PM2.5. 50.7 Section 50.7 Protection...secondary ambient air quality standards for PM2.5 . (a) The national primary...concentration measured in the ambient air as PM2.5 (particles with an...

  14. 40 CFR 50.13 - National primary and secondary ambient air quality standards for PM2.5.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...secondary ambient air quality standards for PM2.5. 50.13 Section 50.13 Protection...concentration measured in the ambient air as PM2.5 (particles with an aerodynamic...The annual primary and secondary PM2.5 standards are met when the...

  15. 40 CFR 50.7 - National primary and secondary ambient air quality standards for PM2.5.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ...secondary ambient air quality standards for PM2.5. 50.7 Section 50.7 Protection...secondary ambient air quality standards for PM2.5 . (a) The national primary...concentration measured in the ambient air as PM2.5 (particles with an...

  16. 40 CFR 50.13 - National primary and secondary ambient air quality standards for PM2.5.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ...secondary ambient air quality standards for PM2.5. 50.13 Section 50.13 Protection...secondary ambient air quality standards for PM2.5 . (a) The national primary...concentration measured in the ambient air as PM2.5 (particles with an...

  17. 40 CFR 50.13 - National primary and secondary ambient air quality standards for PM2.5.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...secondary ambient air quality standards for PM2.5. 50.13 Section 50.13 Protection...concentration measured in the ambient air as PM2.5 (particles with an aerodynamic...The annual primary and secondary PM2.5 standards are met when the...

  18. 40 CFR 50.7 - National primary and secondary ambient air quality standards for PM2.5.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...secondary ambient air quality standards for PM2.5. 50.7 Section 50.7 Protection...concentration measured in the ambient air as PM2.5 (particles with an aerodynamic...The annual primary and secondary PM2.5 standards are met when the...

  19. 40 CFR 50.7 - National primary and secondary ambient air quality standards for PM2.5.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...secondary ambient air quality standards for PM2.5. 50.7 Section 50.7 Protection...concentration measured in the ambient air as PM2.5 (particles with an aerodynamic...The annual primary and secondary PM2.5 standards are met when the...

  20. 40 CFR 50.13 - National primary and secondary ambient air quality standards for PM2.5.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ...secondary ambient air quality standards for PM2.5. 50.13 Section 50.13 Protection...secondary ambient air quality standards for PM2.5 . (a) The national primary...concentration measured in the ambient air as PM2.5 (particles with an...

  1. Order g2 susceptibilities in the symmetric phase of the Standard Model

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bödeker, D.; Sangel, M.

    2015-04-01

    Susceptibilities of conserved charges such as baryon minus lepton number enter baryogenesis computations, since they provide the relationship between conserved charges and chemical potentials. Their next-to-leading order corrections are of order g, where g is a generic Standard Model coupling. They are due to soft Higgs boson exchange, and have been calculated recently, together with some order g2 corrections. Here we compute the complete g2 contributions. Close to the electroweak crossover the soft Higgs contribution is of order g2, and is determined by the non-perturbative physics at the magnetic screening scale.

  2. Deviations From Newton's Law in Supersymmetric Large Extra Dimensions

    E-print Network

    Callin, P

    2006-01-01

    Deviations from Newton's Inverse-Squared Law at the micron length scale are smoking-gun signals for models containing Supersymmetric Large Extra Dimensions (SLEDs), which have been proposed as approaches for resolving the Cosmological Constant Problem. Just like their non-supersymmetric counterparts, SLED models predict gravity to deviate from the inverse-square law because of the advent of new dimensions at sub-millimeter scales. However SLED models differ from their non-supersymmetric counterparts in three important ways: (i) the size of the extra dimensions is fixed by the observed value of the Dark Energy density, making it impossible to shorten the range over which new deviations from Newton's law must be seen; (ii) supersymmetry predicts there to be more fields in the extra dimensions than just gravity, implying different types of couplings to matter and the possibility of repulsive as well as attractive interactions; and (iii) the same mechanism which is purported to keep the cosmological constant natu...

  3. Interpretive computer simulator for the NASA Standard Spacecraft Computer-2 (NSSC-2)

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Smith, R. S.; Noland, M. S.

    1979-01-01

    An Interpretive Computer Simulator (ICS) for the NASA Standard Spacecraft Computer-II (NSSC-II) was developed as a code verification and testing tool for the Annular Suspension and Pointing System (ASPS) project. The simulator is written in the higher level language PASCAL and implented on the CDC CYBER series computer system. It is supported by a metal assembler, a linkage loader for the NSSC-II, and a utility library to meet the application requirements. The architectural design of the NSSC-II is that of an IBM System/360 (S/360) and supports all but four instructions of the S/360 standard instruction set. The structural design of the ICS is described with emphasis on the design differences between it and the NSSC-II hardware. The program flow is diagrammed, with the function of each procedure being defined; the instruction implementation is discussed in broad terms; and the instruction timings used in the ICS are listed. An example of the steps required to process an assembly level language program on the ICS is included. The example illustrates the control cards necessary to assemble, load, and execute assembly language code; the sample program to to be executed; the executable load module produced by the loader; and the resulting output produced by the ICS.

  4. State-space solutions to standard H2 and H(infinity) control problems

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Doyle, John C.; Glover, Keith; Khargonekar, Pramod P.; Francis, Bruce A.

    1989-01-01

    Simple state-space formulas are derived for all controllers solving the standard H(infinity) problem of finding, for a given number gamma greater than 0, all controllers such that the H(infinity) norm of the closed-loop transfer function is (strictly) less than gamma. It is known that a controller exists if and only if the unique stabilizing solutions to two algebraic Riccati equations are positive definite and the spectral radius of their product is less than gamma squared. Under these conditions, a parameterization of all controllers solving the problem is given as a linear fractional transformation (LFT) on a contractive stable free parameter. The state dimension of the coefficient matrix for the LFT, constructed using the two Riccati solutions, equals that of the plant and has a separation structure reminiscent of classical LQG (i.e., H2) theory. A standard H2 solution is developed in parallel.

  5. Large Deviations for the Langevin Equation with Strong Damping

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cerrai, Sandra; Freidlin, Mark

    2015-11-01

    We study large deviations in the Langevin dynamics, with damping of order ? ^{-1} and noise of order 1, as ? downarrow 0. The damping coefficient is assumed to be state dependent. We proceed first with a change of time and then we use a weak convergence approach to large deviations and its equivalent formulation in terms of the Laplace principle, to determine the good action functional. Some applications of these results to the exit problem from a domain and to the wave front propagation for a suitable class of reaction diffusion equations are considered.

  6. Successive Standardization of Rectangular Arrays.

    PubMed

    Olshen, Richard A; Rajaratnam, Bala

    2012-02-29

    In this note we illustrate and develop further with mathematics and examples, the work on successive standardization (or normalization) that is studied earlier by the same authors in [1] and [2]. Thus, we deal with successive iterations applied to rectangular arrays of numbers, where to avoid technical difficulties an array has at least three rows and at least three columns. Without loss, an iteration begins with operations on columns: first subtract the mean of each column; then divide by its standard deviation. The iteration continues with the same two operations done successively for rows. These four operations applied in sequence completes one iteration. One then iterates again, and again, and again, … In [1] it was argued that if arrays are made up of real numbers, then the set for which convergence of these successive iterations fails has Lebesgue measure 0. The limiting array has row and column means 0, row and column standard deviations 1. A basic result on convergence given in [1] is true, though the argument in [1] is faulty. The result is stated in the form of a theorem here, and the argument for the theorem is correct. Moreover, many graphics given in [1] suggest that except for a set of entries of any array with Lebesgue measure 0, convergence is very rapid, eventually exponentially fast in the number of iterations. Because we learned this set of rules from Bradley Efron, we call it "Efron's algorithm". More importantly, the rapidity of convergence is illustrated by numerical examples. PMID:23355926

  7. N2/O2/H2 Dual-Pump Cars: Validation Experiments

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    OByrne, S.; Danehy, P. M.; Cutler, A. D.

    2003-01-01

    The dual-pump coherent anti-Stokes Raman spectroscopy (CARS) method is used to measure temperature and the relative species densities of N2, O2 and H2 in two experiments. Average values and root-mean-square (RMS) deviations are determined. Mean temperature measurements in a furnace containing air between 300 and 1800 K agreed with thermocouple measurements within 26 K on average, while mean mole fractions agree to within 1.6 % of the expected value. The temperature measurement standard deviation averaged 64 K while the standard deviation of the species mole fractions averaged 7.8% for O2 and 3.8% for N2, based on 200 single-shot measurements. Preliminary measurements have also been performed in a flat-flame burner for fuel-lean and fuel-rich flames. Temperature standard deviations of 77 K were measured, and the ratios of H2 to N2 and O2 to N2 respectively had standard deviations from the mean value of 12.3% and 10% of the measured ratio.

  8. Rolling Deck to Repository (R2R): Fleetwide Standard Underway Data Products

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sweeney, A. D.; Clark, P. D.; Miller, S. P.; Stocks, K.; Arko, R. A.; Ferrini, V.

    2009-12-01

    The Rolling Deck to Repository (R2R) project was recently launched with the ambitious goal of documenting “routine underway data” from the US academic research fleet and delivering those data to established national archives. Data distributions will be submitted by 18 operating institutions for 30 vessels, from hundreds of cruises per year. R2R will be responsible for digital data collected with instruments that are part of the ship’s permanent equipment and are routinely operated and recorded by the ship’s technicians. Examples include navigation, multibeam, subbottom, gravimeter, magnetics, ADCP, CTD, meteorology, etc. It is anticipated that most underway data will be promptly and publicly released. However R2R will have the ability to securely embargo any specific datasets identified in advance by the chief scientist, for a proprietary hold period of up to two years as mandated by the NSF 04-004 Division of Ocean Sciences Data and Sample Policy. It is important to note that there are data types that R2R will not address. For example, the chief scientist will continue to be responsible for the documentation and archiving of data from specific instruments brought on board by the scientific party, not part of the ship’s standard equipment. Similarly, data collected with National Facility assets including the National Deep Submergence Facility (NDSF), Ocean Bottom Seismograph Instrument Pool (OBSIP) and the National Marine Seismic Facility (NMSF) will continue to be submitted to the appropriate archiving facility directly by those facilities, rather than through R2R. Soon after the shipboard data is received by R2R, the entire original distribution will be safely stored in a deep archive for long-term preservation, and a cataloging process will be undertaken to assemble data sets for delivery to National Data Centers, as described more fully in the invited presentation by Robert Arko, “Rolling Deck to Repository: Technical Design - Experiences and Lessons.” A suite of R2R standard products will be generated for each cruise including (1) Basic Cruise Metadata, (2) Operations Report, and (3) Quality Controlled Navigational Products. Certified R2R navigation will be created at three levels: NavHiRes at the original raw sample rate (usually one sample per second), Nav1Min at a standard 1-minute time interval, and NavControl at a reduced rate appropriate for graphical representation of a cruise at a global or regional scale. These standard data products will be made available for automatic harvesting on www.rvdata.us by repository and data systems, and for download by individual users.

  9. OIFITS 2: the 2nd version of the Data Exchange Standard for Optical (Visible/IR) Interferometry

    E-print Network

    Duvert, Gilles; Hummel, Christian

    2015-01-01

    This paper describes version 2 of the OI Exchange Format (OIFITS), the standard for exchanging calibrated data from optical (visible/infrared) interferometers. This IAU-endorsed standard has been in use for 10 years at most of the past and current optical interferometer projects, including COAST, NPOI, IOTA, CHARA, VLTI, PTI and the Keck interferometer. Software is available for reading, writing and merging OI Exchange Format files. This version 2 provides definitions of additional data tables (e.g. for polarisation measurements), addressing the needs of future interferometric instruments. Also included are data columns for a more rigorous description of measurement errors and their correlations. In that, this document is a step towards the design of a common data model for optical interferometry. Finally, the main OIFITS header is expanded with several new keywords summarising the content to allow data base searches.

  10. 24. DETAIL VIEW OF COLUMN #072 DEVIATING FROM VERTICAL IN ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    24. DETAIL VIEW OF COLUMN #072 DEVIATING FROM VERTICAL IN ROW OF INTACT COLUMNS, LOOKING NORTHEAST TO SOUTHWEST. (NOTE BOLTED BLOCK SCABBED TO COLUMN AS JOIST/TRUSS SUPPORT) - Oakland Army Base, Transit Shed, East of Dunkirk Street & South of Burma Road, Oakland, Alameda County, CA

  11. Detecting Deviations from Usual Medical Care James Mezger1

    E-print Network

    Hauskrecht, Milos

    by the lactulose model. The model predicts with high probability that these two cases should receive lactulose. Since, lactulose is used in hepatic encephalopathy and acute hepatic failure to counteract ACUHEPFAI 0.86 Table 1. Deviations predicted by the lactulose model. #12;

  12. Large deviations in randomly coloured random graphs J. D. Biggins

    E-print Network

    types (colours) of its vertices, so that whether or not edges are present can be dependent in the colourings followed by typical edge placement and the other from large deviation in edge placement. 1 is independently assigned one of a number of colours, and the probability that an edge arises depends

  13. 10 CFR 1017.5 - Requesting a deviation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Requesting a deviation. 1017.5 Section 1017.5 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY (GENERAL PROVISIONS) IDENTIFICATION AND PROTECTION OF UNCLASSIFIED CONTROLLED NUCLEAR... the Office of Classification, Office of Health, Safety and Security, U.S. Department of Energy,...

  14. 10 CFR 1017.5 - Requesting a deviation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 4 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Requesting a deviation. 1017.5 Section 1017.5 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY (GENERAL PROVISIONS) IDENTIFICATION AND PROTECTION OF UNCLASSIFIED CONTROLLED NUCLEAR... the Office of Classification, Office of Health, Safety and Security, U.S. Department of Energy,...

  15. Large deviations for Branching Processes in Random Environment

    E-print Network

    Berestycki, Julien

    Large deviations for Branching Processes in Random Environment Vincent Bansaye, Julien Berestycki September 26, 2009 Abstract A branching process in random environment (Zn, n N) is a generalization-Watson case, here random environments and the branching process can conspire to achieve atypical events

  16. NEW LARGE DEVIATION RESULTS FOR SOME SUPER-BROWNIAN PROCESSES

    E-print Network

    Serlet, Laurent

    large deviation results for the super-Brownian ex- cursion conditioned to have unit mass or unit-Brownian excursion normalized to have a unit mass or a unit duration, super-Brownian motion with (constant) non the super-Brownian excursion (SBE) with unit mass is a super-Brownian motion conditioned to have a total

  17. Mathematical aspects The theory of large deviations and

    E-print Network

    Ellis, Richard S.

    the first large deviation calculation in sci- ence, carried out by Ludwig Boltzmann. Stated in a modern, and a macroscopic level, on which the laws describing the behavior of the system are formulated. Boltzmann and), and Wightman (1979), which cover a number of topics relevant to these notes. Boltzmann's calculation

  18. The Boltzmann-Sanov Large Deviation Principle and

    E-print Network

    Ellis, Richard S.

    studied by Ludwig Boltzmann. These ideas include microscopic and macroscopic levels of description, Cram the theory in the context of a simple model of a discrete ideal gas studied by Ludwig Boltzmann in 1877 [3The Boltzmann-Sanov Large Deviation Principle and Applications to Statistical Mechanics Richard S

  19. Identifying specific erotic cues in sexual deviations by audiotaped descriptions.

    PubMed Central

    Abel, G G; Blanchard, E B; Barlow, D H; Mavissakalian, M

    1975-01-01

    Using audiotaped descriptions of sexual experiences and a direct measure of penile erection, it is possible to specify more precisely erotic cues in sexual deviates. Results indicated that such cues are highly idiosyncratic. Some tentative conclusions and suggested application for the method are discussed. PMID:1184490

  20. Paul Withers Were slopes on Mars once flat? -Systematic Deviations

    E-print Network

    Withers, Paul

    Paul Withers Were slopes on Mars once flat? - Systematic Deviations of "Flat" Martian Features from an Equipotential Surface Abstract On Mars, the northern lowlands and floors of the two largest impact craters were the geophysical evolution of Mars. Proposal The Mars Orbiter Laser Altimeter (MOLA) aboard the Mars Global

  1. Process and Deviation Exploration with Inductive visual Miner

    E-print Network

    van der Aalst, Wil

    Process and Deviation Exploration with Inductive visual Miner Sander J.J. Leemans, Dirk Fahland.fahland, w.m.p.v.d.aalst}@tue.nl Abstract Process mining aims to extract information from recorded process data, which can be used to gain insights into the process. This requires applying a discovery algorithm

  2. 33 CFR 161.5 - Deviations from the rules.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ...) PORTS AND WATERWAYS SAFETY VESSEL TRAFFIC MANAGEMENT Vessel Traffic Services General Rules § 161.5... the request, the VTS Director may authorize a deviation if it is determined that, based on vessel handling characteristics, traffic density, radar contacts, environmental conditions and other...

  3. Mini-Muddling: Learning from Project Plan Deviations

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hallgren, Markus; Wilson, Timothy L.

    2007-01-01

    Purpose: This paper aims to contribute to the understanding of the informal and incidental learning that takes place in project work among individuals who must adapt to deviations from project plans. Design/methodology/approach: Reflections in the study are built on four power plant projects found in an integrated provider of projects of this…

  4. 21 CFR 211.100 - Written procedures; deviations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 4 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Written procedures; deviations. 211.100 Section 211.100 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) DRUGS: GENERAL CURRENT GOOD MANUFACTURING PRACTICE FOR FINISHED PHARMACEUTICALS Production...

  5. 21 CFR 211.100 - Written procedures; deviations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 4 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Written procedures; deviations. 211.100 Section 211.100 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) DRUGS: GENERAL CURRENT GOOD MANUFACTURING PRACTICE FOR FINISHED PHARMACEUTICALS Production...

  6. 33 CFR 161.5 - Deviations from the rules.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... by the required measure or is a maneuver considered necessary for safe navigation under the... alternative to the required measure. (b) Requests to deviate from any provision in this part due to... handling characteristics, traffic density, radar contacts, environmental conditions and other...

  7. 33 CFR 161.5 - Deviations from the rules.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... by the required measure or is a maneuver considered necessary for safe navigation under the... alternative to the required measure. (b) Requests to deviate from any provision in this part due to... handling characteristics, traffic density, radar contacts, environmental conditions and other...

  8. 33 CFR 161.5 - Deviations from the rules.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... by the required measure or is a maneuver considered necessary for safe navigation under the... alternative to the required measure. (b) Requests to deviate from any provision in this part due to... handling characteristics, traffic density, radar contacts, environmental conditions and other...

  9. 33 CFR 161.5 - Deviations from the rules.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... by the required measure or is a maneuver considered necessary for safe navigation under the... alternative to the required measure. (b) Requests to deviate from any provision in this part due to... handling characteristics, traffic density, radar contacts, environmental conditions and other...

  10. 40 CFR Table 2 to Subpart Ffff of... - Emission Limits and Work Practice Standards for Batch Process Vents

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 12 2011-07-01 2009-07-01 true Emission Limits and Work Practice Standards for Batch Process Vents 2 Table 2 to Subpart FFFF of Part 63 Protection of Environment...—Emission Limits and Work Practice Standards for Batch Process Vents As required in § 63.2460, you must...

  11. 40 CFR Table 2 to Subpart Ffff of... - Emission Limits and Work Practice Standards for Batch Process Vents

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 13 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Emission Limits and Work Practice Standards for Batch Process Vents 2 Table 2 to Subpart FFFF of Part 63 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS (CONTINUED) NATIONAL EMISSION STANDARDS FOR HAZARDOUS AIR POLLUTANTS FOR SOURCE CATEGORIES...

  12. 40 CFR Table 2 to Subpart Ffff of... - Emission Limits and Work Practice Standards for Batch Process Vents

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 13 2013-07-01 2012-07-01 true Emission Limits and Work Practice Standards for Batch Process Vents 2 Table 2 to Subpart FFFF of Part 63 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS (CONTINUED) NATIONAL EMISSION STANDARDS FOR HAZARDOUS AIR POLLUTANTS FOR SOURCE CATEGORIES...

  13. 40 CFR Table 2 to Subpart IIIi of... - Emission Standards for 2008 Model Year and Later Emergency Stationary CI ICE

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... and Later Emergency Stationary CI ICE 2 Table 2 to Subpart IIII of Part 60 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS (CONTINUED) STANDARDS OF PERFORMANCE FOR NEW STATIONARY SOURCES Standards of Performance for Stationary Compression Ignition Internal Combustion Engines Part...

  14. 40 CFR 266.107 - Standards to control hydrogen chloride (HCl) and chlorine gas (Cl2) emissions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ...2013-07-01 false Standards to control hydrogen chloride (HCl) and chlorine gas (Cl2... § 266.107 Standards to control hydrogen chloride (HCl) and chlorine gas (Cl2...owner or operator must comply with the hydrogen chloride (HCl) and chlorine...

  15. 40 CFR 266.107 - Standards to control hydrogen chloride (HCl) and chlorine gas (Cl2) emissions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ...2012-07-01 false Standards to control hydrogen chloride (HCl) and chlorine gas (Cl2... § 266.107 Standards to control hydrogen chloride (HCl) and chlorine gas (Cl2...owner or operator must comply with the hydrogen chloride (HCl) and chlorine...

  16. 40 CFR 266.107 - Standards to control hydrogen chloride (HCl) and chlorine gas (Cl2) emissions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...2011-07-01 false Standards to control hydrogen chloride (HCl) and chlorine gas (Cl2... § 266.107 Standards to control hydrogen chloride (HCl) and chlorine gas (Cl2...owner or operator must comply with the hydrogen chloride (HCl) and chlorine...

  17. 40 CFR 266.107 - Standards to control hydrogen chloride (HCl) and chlorine gas (Cl2) emissions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ...2014-07-01 false Standards to control hydrogen chloride (HCl) and chlorine gas (Cl2... § 266.107 Standards to control hydrogen chloride (HCl) and chlorine gas (Cl2...owner or operator must comply with the hydrogen chloride (HCl) and chlorine...

  18. 40 CFR 266.107 - Standards to control hydrogen chloride (HCl) and chlorine gas (Cl2) emissions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...2010-07-01 false Standards to control hydrogen chloride (HCl) and chlorine gas (Cl2... § 266.107 Standards to control hydrogen chloride (HCl) and chlorine gas (Cl2...owner or operator must comply with the hydrogen chloride (HCl) and chlorine...

  19. Causes of the ESD immunity testing problems in the IEC 61000-4-2 standard

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yuan, Qingyun; Liu, Shanghe; Sun, Yongwei; Zhang, Xijun

    2013-03-01

    To resolve the poor reproducibility of the electrostatic discharge (ESD) immunity test platform which is specified in the standard IEC 61000-4-2, using a newly designed ESD testing system, the effects of the switch action of ESD generator, the discharge current and its derivative, the radiation field and the imperfect specification of the test method on the testing results were studied. It was found that the effect of the switch action of ESD generator on the testing results was very distinct, and the radiation field caused by the switch action was one of the main cause of the different testing results; different discharge current and current derivative were caused by different ESD generators, which would cause different testing results; the imperfect specification of the test method in the standard was the other reason.

  20. A calorimetric determination of the standard enthalpies of formation of huntite, CaMg3 (CO3)4 , and artinite, Mg2(OH)2 CO3 * 3H2O, and their standard Gibbs free energies of formation

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Hemingway, Bruce S.; Robie, Richard A.

    1973-01-01

    The enthalpies of formation, ?H°f, of huntite, CaMg3(CO3)4 , and artinite, Mg2(OH)2CO3 * 3H2O, have been determined by HCl solution calorimetry using a constant-volume isoperibol reaction calorimeter. For the reaction CaO(c) + 3MgO(c) + 4CO2 (g) = CaMg3(CO3)4 (c), the enthalpy change at 298.15 K, ?H°298 , is -123,203±145 cal mol-1. For the reaction 2MgO(c) + 4H2O(l) + CO2(g)=Mg2(OH)2CO3 * 3H2O(c), we obtained -45,132±100 cal mol-1. These results combined with the standard enthalpies of formation of CaO, MgO, H2O, and CO2 lead to ?H°298 (huntite) = -1,082,600±375 cal mol-1 and ?H°298  (artinite) = -698,043±170 cal mol-1. Using recently determined values for the standard entropies of huntite, CaMg3(CO3)4, and artinite, Mg2(OH)2CO3 * 3H2O, and of Mg, Ca, C, O2 , and H2 , we calculate ?G°f,298 (huntite) = -1,004,707±390 cal mol-1 and ?G°f,298 (artinite) = -613,924±180 cal mol-1.