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1

Three-Year Follow-Up of Bibliotherapy for Depression  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined the durability of cognitive bibliotherapy for mild to moderately depressed adults by conducting a 3-year follow-up of participants from a previous study (C. Jamison & F. Scogin, 1995). The Hamilton Rating Scale for Depression, Beck Depression Inventory, and questions relating to participants’ perceptions of the program were administered. Results indicated that treatment gains were maintained over the

Nancy M. Smith; Mark R. Floyd; Forrest Scogin; Christine S. Jamison

1997-01-01

2

Laparoscopic ileal conduit: five-year follow-up  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objectives. To report the techniques used for intracorporeal laparoscopic construction of an ileal conduit urinary diversion and long-term patient follow-up after this procedure.Methods. A 28-year-old man with cerebral palsy, a neurogenic bladder, and voiding dysfunction was referred for definitive management of his urinary tract after several episodes of pyelonephritis. A conduit urinary diversion was performed using a 5-port, transabdominal approach.

Steven R Potter; Tanya C Charambura; John B Adams; Louis R Kavoussi

2000-01-01

3

Pediatric laryngeal cancer with 5-year follow up: case report.  

PubMed

Larynx cancer is the commonest malignancy of upper aerodigestive tract. However, laryngeal cancer is extremely rare in childhood since these tumors are generally not suspected in the differential diagnosis of hoarseness, dysphagia and/or progressive airway obstruction in children; diagnosis can be made relatively late. In this report we would like to present a case of advanced stage pediatric laryngeal carcinoma who was treated with chemoradiotherapy and remained well on her 5-year follow-up. PMID:23673162

Olgun, Yuksel; Erdag, Taner Kemal; Aydin, Barbaros; Mutafoglu, Kamer; Ozer, Erdener; Ikiz, Ahmet Omer; Akman, Fadime

2013-05-11

4

Radon reduction: A three year follow-up  

SciTech Connect

In 1988-1989, a radon mitigation project was conducted on Mackinac Island, Michigan to research radon reduction strategies. One of the primary objectives of the project was to determine the effectiveness of isolating and ventilating the crawl space to reduce radon gas concentrations. The project targeted six homes with crawl spaces, with radon gas concentrations ranging from 12.9 to 82.3 pCi/l. Post-mitigation monitoring at the conclusion of the project indicated that radon concentrations were successfully reduced below the EPA action level of 4pCi/l. In January of 1992, a follow-up study was initiated to determine if the radon reduction systems installed in 1988-1989 were still functioning effectively after three years of operation. The follow-up study revealed that the reduction systems continued to operate effectively without complications.

Hamilton, M.A. (U.S. Public Health Service, Pinetop, AZ (United States). Indian Health Service)

1993-12-01

5

Neurodevelopmental follow-up after preterm birth: follow up after two years  

Microsoft Academic Search

Marked differences are seen in neurological and health status, intellectual functioning, school performance and behaviour between children born prematurely and those born at term. Assessment in later childhood has identified more subtle problems than the severe disability or sensory deficits readily identifiable at two years. These problems include learning disabilities, specific neuropsychological deficits in executive function, difficulties in visual-motor integration

Alison Salt; Maggie Redshaw

2006-01-01

6

Asthma increase among farmers: a 12-year follow-up  

PubMed Central

Respiratory disease is a well known health hazard for farmers, but the long-term prognosis is less well known. This is a 12-year follow-up of an investigation of Swedish farmers, most of them dairy farmers. A questionnaire was mailed to all 418 farmers who were alive of the farmers originally participating in 1982. They were invited to an interview, spirometry, and blood sampling. Ninety-one per cent (380) of the farmers, 321 men and 59 women, responded to the questionnaire. The mean age was 56 years for the men and 55 years for the women. Of the group, 10% were smokers, 25% ex-smokers, and 65% had never smoked. The population estimate for asthma in the farmers was 8.9% in 1994 compared to 2% in 1982, and to 5.4%–6.6% in the general population in the region in 1982. Of the asthmatic subjects, one-third had positive RAST tests (radioallergosorbent tests). Almost 90% of the new onset asthma cases since 1982 had non-IgE-mediated asthma. Most of the IgE-mediated asthmatics had had symptoms for many years, while 70% of the non-IgE-mediated asthmatic farmers had no or only wheezing with colds 1982. Two new cases of hypersensitivity pneumonitis were identified, and 7.3% had experienced inhalation fever during the last 12 years. In general, individuals with asthma and chronic bronchitis who had left farming were in better health in 1994 as compared to 1982. In conclusion, farmers have an enhanced risk to develop asthma increasing with age. Asthma in farmers is often non-IgE-mediated.

2011-01-01

7

Two year follow-up of atypical depression.  

PubMed

The symptom cluster of Atypical Depression (AD) has been characterized based on its presentation and selective response to pharmcological treatments, while relatively little is known about the outcome of these patients after treatment trials. The present study was undertaken to assess the long term outcome of 40 patients after a controlled treatment trial of fluoxetine vs phenelzine. Twenty five of these subjects were interviewed approximately two years after completion of the initial trial. They reported a high frequency of symptom recurrence, but generally little symptomatic or social impairment between episodes. Eighteen subjects were taking antidepressants at follow-up. A higher frequency of depressive episodes was recorded during the times when off antidepressant medications. Overall outcome was rated as moderate or good in the majority of subjects. These results suggest that AD presents from similarities with other subtypes of depression, with high rates of symptomatic recurrence and lasting response to chronic antidepressant treatment. Conversely, social functioning and overall outcome appear more favorable in AD. PMID:10094236

Zubieta, J K; Pande, A C; Demitrack, M A

8

Infantile Amnesia across the Years: A 2-Year Follow-Up of Children's Earliest Memories  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although infantile amnesia has been investigated for many years in adults, only recently has it been investigated in children. This study was a 2-year follow-up and extension of an earlier study. Children (4-13 years old) were asked initially and 2 years later for their earliest 3 memories. At follow-up, their age at the time of these memories…

Peterson, Carole; Warren, Kelly L.; Short, Megan M.

2011-01-01

9

Infantile Amnesia across the Years: A 2-Year Follow-Up of Children's Earliest Memories  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Although infantile amnesia has been investigated for many years in adults, only recently has it been investigated in children. This study was a 2-year follow-up and extension of an earlier study. Children (4-13 years old) were asked initially and 2 years later for their earliest 3 memories. At follow-up, their age at the time of these memories…

Peterson, Carole; Warren, Kelly L.; Short, Megan M.

2011-01-01

10

Three year follow up of patients with gastrooesophageal reflux disease  

Microsoft Academic Search

Data on the natural course of gastrooesophageal reflux disease are sparse. One hundred and sixty six patients with typical reflux symptoms (heartburn and\\/or acid regurgitation) and pathologic pH monitoring (reflux time > 8.2% upright and\\/or > 3.0% supine) were studied. The patients were followed up by questionnaire and interview for a mean of 41 (seven to 86) months after diagnosis

N E Schindlbeck; A G Klauser; G Berghammer; W Londong; S A Müller-Lissner

1992-01-01

11

The Longitudinal Study (LAS): Thirteen Year Follow-Up.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study is the fifth assessment in an 18-year longitudinal study begun in 1986 to follow a group of Montessori students who attended the Franciscan Montessori Earth School in Portland, Oregon. Participating were 45 students with an average age of 18 years, about half of whom were in high school and half in college. Students completed an online…

Glenn, Christopher M.

12

A MINIMUM FOLLOW-UP OF FIVE YEARS  

Microsoft Academic Search

We report the survival at five years of 144 consecutive metal-on-metal resurfacings of the hip implanted between August 1997 and May 1998. Failure was defined as revision of either the acetabular or femoral component for any reason during the study period. The survival at the end of five years was 98% overall and 99% for aseptic revisions only. The mean

R. B. C. Treacy; C. W. McBryde; P. B. Pynsent

13

Prenatal Aspirin and Acetaminophen: 7-Year Follow-up.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The study examined the long-term effects of prenatal exposure to aspirin and acetaminophen. Three types of outcomes were examined in 7-year old children: attentional parameters; IQ scores; and height, weight, and head circumference. The analyses addressed...

A. P. Streissguth H. M. Barr

1987-01-01

14

Osteoblastoma of C2 Corpus: 4 Years Follow-up  

PubMed Central

Osteoblastomas are rare neoplasms of the spine. The majority of the spinal lesions arise from the posterior elements and involvement of the corpus is usually by extension through the pedicles. An extremely rare case of isolated C2 corpus osteoblastoma is presented herein. A 9-year-old boy who presented with neck pain and spasmodic torticollis was shown to have a lesion within the corpus of C2. He underwent surgery via an anterior cervical approach and the completely-resected mass was reported to be an osteoblastoma. The pain resolved immediately after surgery and he had radiologic assessments on a yearly basis. He was symptom-free 4 years post-operatively with benign radiologic findings. Although rare, an osteoblastoma should be considered in the differential diagnosis of neck pain and torticollis, especially in patients during the first two decades of life. The standard treatment for osteoblastomas is radical surgical excision because the recurrence rate is high following incomplete resection.

Yilmaz, Cem; Caner, Hakan; Aydin, Erdinc; Gerilmez, Aydin; Altinors, Nur

2012-01-01

15

Exercise responses following heart transplantation: 5 year follow-up.  

PubMed

Heart transplantation is an established treatment for end stage heart failure. In addition to increased life expectancy, heart transplant recipients report a remarkable improvement in symptoms and functional capacity. Exercise performance following heart transplantation, however, remains impaired even in the absence of exertional symptoms. We have assessed the response to exercise in 47 patients with cardiac failure prior to and then at yearly intervals to five years post transplantation. All patients performed incremental symptom limited exercise tests during which minute ventilation (V'E), oxygen consumption (V'O2) and carbon dioxide production (V'CO2) and heart rate (HR) were measured. Ventilatory response (V'E/V'CO2), anaerobic threshold (V'O2 AT %predicted) and heart rate response (HR/VO2) were calculated. The dead space to tidal volume ratio (VD/VT) and alveolar-arterial oxygen gradient (A-aO2) were computed from transcutaneous monitoring. Despite substantial improvement in subjective functional capacity, heart transplant recipients continue to have limited exercise performance [Maximal V'O2% predicted pre-transplant 41.3 (2.2); 1 year 48.6 (1.7), p <0.001: V'O2 AT% 31.5 (1.1); 1 year 35.6 (1.0); respectively p<0.05]. The maximal oxygen uptake continued to improve at two years post-transplant but, thereafter, there was no further significant change at up to 5 years post transplant [50.9 (1.5)]. At one year post-transplantation peak HR [65.2 (0.9) vs 79.1(1.4)] and the HR/VO2 response [24.0(1.8) vs 79.6(4.2)] were significantly reduced compared to pre-transplant values. The heart rate response remained lower compared to predicted at 5 years post-transplant although there was a significant increase compared to one year post-transplant (32.9 vs 24.0mls/bt). There was a weak but significant relationship between maximal VO2 and peak HR (0.39, p<0.05) and HR/VO2 (r= 0.37, p<0.05) at one year post-transplant. Prior to transplantation the ventilatory response to exercise was elevated [V'E/V'CO2 45.6 (2.5)] and decreased significantly following transplantation [1 yr 34.1 (1.3), respectively p<0.001]. In addition, despite significant improvement in VD/VT after transplantation, it remained higher than normal [Pre VD/VT at maximum exercise 0.35 (0.02); 1 yr 0.31 (0.02); p<0.05]. There was a further fall in the VE/VCO2 and VD/VT at two years post-transplantation with no further change at up to 5 years post transplantation [VE/VCO2 32.0 (1.0); VD/VT 0.29 (0.01)]. Although cardiac output is markedly improved after transplantation, due to chronotropic incompetence associated with denervation, its response remains subnormal and this may explain the residual abnormalities of ventilatory and gas exchange responses to exercise following transplantation. PMID:16910044

Carter, R; Al-Rawas, O A; Stevenson, A; Mcdonagh, T; Stevenson, R D

2006-08-01

16

FIVE-YEAR FOLLOW-UP OF CONSERVATIVE TREATMENT  

Microsoft Academic Search

We reviewed 31 patients at a mean of five years after mallet deformity of the finger had been treated with a thermoplastic splint. Intra-articular fractures were present in 35% of patients. Osteoarthritic changes had developed in 48%, most in association with fracture, and 29% had a swan-neck deformity. There was a loss of extension greater than 10° in 35%; the

B. OKAFOR; C. MBUBAEGBU; I. MUNSHI; D. J. WILLIAMS

17

Follow-up examinations: 30 years of imhäauser clubfoot treatment  

Microsoft Academic Search

The author describes his own methods of clubfoot treatment used over 30 years on more than 2,000 children. Correction of form and restoration of function are the two goals of the orthopaedic surgeon. Early treatment consists of closed reduction of forefoot deformity and of varus of the heel, and of operative correction of equinus deformity. Function is restored by a

G. Imhäuser

1980-01-01

18

Three year follow-up of borderline congenital hypothyroidism  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to determine whether children with borderline hypothyroidism in the neonatal period had persistent hypothyroidism after 3 years of levothyroxine replacement therapy. Fourteen term infants with slightly abnormal newborn screening results (thyroxine 4.6 ?U\\/mL or a thyroid releasing hormone test result consistent with primary hypothyroidism), and levothyroxine was reinitiated. Only one patient had normal thyroid

Agnes L Daliva; Barbara Linder; Joan DiMartino-Nardi; Paul Saenger

2000-01-01

19

Refractive change in pediatric pseudophakia: 6-year follow-up  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose: To evaluate the long-term evolution of refractive error changes in eyes of children who have primary intraocular lens (IOL) implantation to allow more accurate prediction of what IOL power should be implanted at a given age.Setting: Department of Ophthalmology, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, Indiana, USA.Methods: This study comprised all children between 2 and 15 years of age

David A Plager; Hal Kipfer; Derek T Sprunger; Naval Sondhi; Daniel E Neely

2002-01-01

20

Social outcome in schizophrenia: a 13-year follow-up  

Microsoft Academic Search

The cohort consists of all psychiatric patients (n=53) admitted for the first time in 1972 from a welldefined catchment area with a population of 582,000 inhabitants aged 15 years and over. Furthermore, they were all registered with the diagnosis schizophrenia in the nation-wide psychiatric register at least once during an observation period from the day of the first admission in

P. Munk-Jørgensen; P. B. Mortensen

1992-01-01

21

Project DARE: No Effects at 10Year Follow-Up  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present study examined the impact of Project DARE (Drug Abuse Resistance Education), a widespread drug-prevention program, 10 years after administration. A total of 1,002 individuals who in 6th grade had either received DARE or a standard drug-education curriculum, were reevaluated at age 20. Few differences were found between the 2 groups in terms of actual drug use, drug attitudes,

Donald R. Lynam; Richard Milich; Rick Zimmerman; Scott P. Novak; T. K. Logan; Catherine A. Martin; Carl Leukefeld; Richard Clayton

1999-01-01

22

A three year follow-up of posterior doxadent restorations.  

PubMed

A new direct restorative material, a calcium aluminate cement, was introduced in the year 2000 and sold under the name Doxadent (Doxa AB, Uppsala, Sweden). The aim of this study was to evaluate Doxadent used in class I and II cavities. A total of 63 restorations were evaluated clinically, according to sligthly modified USPHS criteria, at baseline, after 6 mths, 1, 2 and 3 yrs. Four of the patients reported post-operative sensitivity. At 3 yrs, 62 restorations were evaluated. At 6 mths 9.5% non-acceptable Doxadent restorations were observed, 17.5% at 12 mths, 24.2% at 2 yrs and 21% at 3 yrs, which resulted in a cumulative failure frequency of 72.6% at the end of the 3-years for the new restorative material. Main reasons for failure were material or tooth fracture. It can be concluded that Doxadent showed a non-acceptable clinical failure rate as a posterior restorative, especially in class II cavities. PMID:16035347

Van Dijken, Jan W V; Sunnegårdh-Grönberg, Karin

2005-01-01

23

Five-year follow-up of a cordotomy.  

PubMed

Percutaneous cervical cordotomy is an invasive procedure to treat severe, opioid-resistant cancer pain. It is usually proposed for patients with a limited life expectancy. As a consequence, objective quantification of the long-term effects of this procedure is lacking. The present report describes a patient who was treated with a right-sided percutaneous cervical cordotomy for refractory cancer pain. Afterward, disseminated seminoma was diagnosed, which was cured with chemotherapy. Five years after the procedure, a qualitative and quantitative evaluation of the long-term effects was performed. Sensory dysfunction was observed in the left side of the body, but no motor neuron or autonomic dysfunction was observed. The influence of these long-term effects on the patient's daily activities was limited. PMID:19225608

Meeuse, Jan J; Vervest, Arnoud C M; van der Hoeven, Johannes H; Reyners, An K L

24

Emotionally focused interventions for couples with chronically ill children: a 2-year follow-up.  

PubMed

Couples with chronically ill children are particularly at risk for experiencing marital distress. The study presented here is a 2-year follow-up of a randomized control trial that assessed the efficacy of Emotionally Focused Therapy (EFT) in decreasing marital distress in a sample of couples with a chronically ill child. Thirteen couples with chronically ill children who received treatment were assessed to determine if the significant improvement in relationship distress observed at posttreatment and 5-month follow-up would be maintained at 2-year follow-up. Results demonstrated that improvements in marital functioning were not only maintained but, in some cases, enhanced at the 2-year follow-up. This uncontrolled follow-up study provides initial evidence of the longer-term benefits of EFT. PMID:12382548

Cloutier, Paula F; Manion, Ian G; Walker, Jan Gordon; Johnson, Susan M

2002-10-01

25

Two-Year Follow-Up of Bibliotherapy and Individual Cognitive Therapy for Depressed Older Adults  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the stability of treatment gains after receiving either cognitive bibliotherapy or individual cognitive psychotherapy for depression in older adults. A 2-year follow-up of 23 participants from Floyd, Scogin, McKendree-Smith, Floyd, and Rokke (2004) was conducted by comparing pre- and posttreatment scores with follow-up scores…

Floyd, Mark; Rohen, Noelle; Shackelford, Jodie A. M.; Hubbard, Karen L.; Parnell, Marsha B.; Scogin, Forrest; Coates, Adriana

2006-01-01

26

Two-Year Follow-Up of Bibliotherapy and Individual Cognitive Therapy for Depressed Older Adults  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study examined the stability of treatment gains after receiving either cognitive bibliotherapy or individual cognitive psychotherapy for depression in older adults. A 2-year follow-up of 23 participants from Floyd, Scogin, McKendree-Smith, Floyd, and Rokke (2004) was conducted by comparing pre- and posttreatment scores with follow-up scores…

Floyd, Mark; Rohen, Noelle; Shackelford, Jodie A. M.; Hubbard, Karen L.; Parnell, Marsha B.; Scogin, Forrest; Coates, Adriana

2006-01-01

27

Predictors of ADHD Persistence in Girls at 5Year Follow-Up  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: The main aim of this study was to examine the age-dependent remission from ADHD in girls transitioning through childhood into adolescence and early adulthood. Method: We conducted a 5-year prospective follow-up study of 123 girls with ADHD and 106 non-ADHD control girls aged between 6 and 17 years at ascertainment. ADHD was considered persistent at follow-up if participants met

Eric Mick; Deirdre Byrne; Ronna Fried; Michael Monuteaux; Stephen V. Faraone; Joseph Biederman

2011-01-01

28

Two-Year Follow-Up of Bibliotherapy and Individual Cognitive Therapy for Depressed Older Adults  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined the stability of treatment gains after receiving either cognitive bibliotherapy or individual cognitive psychotherapy for depression in older adults. A 2-year follow-up of 23 participants from Floyd, Scogin, McKendree-Smith, Floyd, and Rokke (2004) was conducted by comparing pre-and posttreatment scores with follow-up scores on the Hamilton Rating Scale for Depression (HRSD) and the Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS).

Mark Floyd; Noelle Rohen; Jodie A. M. Shackelford; Karen L. Hubbard; Marsha B. Parnell; Forrest Scogin; Adriana Coates

2006-01-01

29

Minimum 20-year follow-up results of Harrington rod fusion for idiopathic scoliosis  

Microsoft Academic Search

We evaluated the outcome of spinal fusion with a single Harrington distraction rod in patients with idiopathic scoliosis. At follow-up visits a minimum of 20 years post-surgery, we studied 24 patients who had been operated on by the same surgeon. The Scoliosis Research Society (SRS) Instrument and an additional questionnaire of our own, along with an invitation for a follow-up

M. Mariconda; O. Galasso; P. Barca; C. Milano

2005-01-01

30

Ten-Year Follow-Up of Endovascular Aneurysm Treatment with Talent Stent-Grafts  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the clinical results, complications, and secondary interventions during long-term follow-up after endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) and to investigate the impact of endoleak sizes on aneurysm shrinkage. From 1997 to March 2007, 127 patients (12 female, 115 male; age, 73.0 {+-} 7.2 years) with abdominal aortic aneurysms were treated with Talent stent-grafts. Follow-up

Michael B. Pitton; Tobias Scheschkowski; Markus Ring; Sascha Herber; Katja Oberholzer; Annegret Leicher-Dueber; Achim Neufang; Walther Schmiedt; Christoph Dueber

2009-01-01

31

Coping and other predictors of outcome in chronic fatigue syndrome: A 1-year follow-up  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this prospective study, 137 patients with chronic fatigue syndrome were followed-up at a 1-year interval to determine factors relating to outcomes. Nearly two thirds reported an improvement on direct ratings of change. In analyses with fatigue and functional impairment at follow-up as the criteria, and controlling for earlier status, poorer outcomes were predicted by illness duration, subjective cognitive difficulty,

Colette Ray; Sally Jefferies; William R. C. Weir

1997-01-01

32

Bobath or Motor Relearning Programme? A follow-up one and four years post stroke  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: The purpose of this follow-up one and four years post stroke was to find out whether the initial physiotherapy approach had had any long-term effects on mortality, motor function, postural control, activities of daily living, life quality, follow-up from community services and living conditions.Design: A randomized controlled trial of first time ever stroke patients. Group 1 (n = 33)

Birgitta Langhammer; Johan K Stanghelle

2003-01-01

33

Total hip arthroplasty in patients younger than 21 years: a minimum 10-year follow-up  

PubMed Central

Introduction To evaluate the function, radiographic results and implant survival in patients younger than 21 years at the time of operation and with at least a 10-year follow-up, we reviewed the course of young adults who underwent total hip arthroplasty at McGill University Health Centre. Patients and methods Twelve patients (16 hips) met the criteria for inclusion in this study. They ranged in age from 10–20 years (median 16.5 yr). One patient (1 hip) died 5 years after the index surgery and was excluded from the study. Functional results were measured by the Harris hip score, and radiographs of surviving implants were assessed for radiolucencies, osteolysis and eccentric polyethylene wear. Results Eleven arthroplasties were cementless, 2 were hybrid and 2 were cemented. At follow-up ranging from 10 to 25 years (mean 13.6 yr), the Harris hip score ranged from 34.2–97.2 (mean 64.5). Four (26%) acetabular components were revised and (at the time of writing) 1 required revision. Only 1 (7%) femoral stem was revised. Radiographically, there was a high prevalence of eccentric polyethylene wear, but none of the surviving implants were found to be loose. Overall, 67% (10 of 15) of the total hip arthroplasties continued to function well at a mean of 13.6 years postoperatively. Conclusions Total hip arthroplasty remains a reasonable option in adolescence and early adulthood in selected patients with severe debility from multiple joint disease. Polyethylene wear is a particularly significant problem in this group of active young people.

Bessette, BenoIt J.; Fassier, Francois; Tanzer, Michael; Brooks, Caleb E.

2003-01-01

34

Charnley total hip arthroplasty. A ten- to 14-year follow-up study.  

PubMed

The long-term results of 325 consecutive Charnley total hip arthroplasties (THAs) were assessed at an average of 62 and 140 months (five-year and ten-year follow-up examinations) postoperatively. Cases developing deep infection during the first five years were not included. Pain, walking ability, and mobility were rated as advocated by Charnley. The results were then graded as excellent, good, fair (clinically successful), and failure. At the five-year follow-up evaluation, 77 hips were excluded; 92% (228/248) of the results were successful. At the ten-year follow-up examination, interest was focused on the 228 hips graded as successful after five years. Sixty-six were excluded, one that had not been included at the five-year evaluation was traced, and 92% (150/163) were again clinically successful. The failure rate owing to mechanical causes during the first five years and between the five-year and ten-year follow-up examinations was 6.9% and 6.7%, respectively. The clinical results were considered highly satisfactory because only 50% of the hips judged successful at the ten-year examination had roentgenographically intact components. There is good reason to have great confidence in the Charnley THA. PMID:3370865

Wejkner, B; Stenport, J

1988-06-01

35

Surgical removal of subfoveal choroidal neovascularization in pathologic myopia: a 12-year follow-up study.  

PubMed

The purpose of this study was to review the 12-year visual outcomes of patients who underwent surgical removal for subfoveal choroidal neovascularization (CNV) attributable to pathologic myopia. This retrospective study included 14 patients, with a mean age of 45.8 years, high myopia (>6 D) and classic subfoveal CNV. They were treated with pars plana vitrectomy and surgical removal of CNV. All patients were followed up every 3 months for 2 years, with visual acuity (VA), fundus examination, and fluorescein angiography and then every year for 5 years. Ten patients underwent a final visit with VA and fundus examination after a minimum 12-year follow-up. The main outcome measurement was VA and the secondary outcome measurement was the lesion size. After 12 years of follow-up, the mean VA did not significantly change over time, with a mean gain of 0.22 logMAR at 1 year, and 0.18, 0.12 and 0.05 at 2, 5 and 12 years, respectively. The anatomical evolution was characterized by a significant enlargement of the lesion size at 5 years. This study showed that final VA after surgical treatment with 12 years of follow-up was poor, due to the significant CNV scar enlargement over time. These results should prompt a prospective randomized study of other medical treatments, particularly anti-vascular endothelial growth factor therapy. PMID:23539478

Hera, R; Chiquet, C; Romanet, J P

2013-03-29

36

Depressive symptoms in first episode psychosis: a one-year follow-up study  

PubMed Central

Background Depressive symptoms are common in patients with first episode psychosis (FEP) and have serious consequences for them. The main aims of this study were to examine the course of depression in FEP patients and explore whether any patient characteristics at baseline predicts depressive symptoms after one year. Method A total of 198 FEP patients with schizophrenia spectrum disorders were assessed for depressive symptoms with Calgary Depression Scale for Schizophrenia (CDSS) at baseline and 127 were followed for one year. A CDSS score [greater than or equal to] 6 was used as a cut-off score for depression. Results Approximately 50% of the patients were depressed (CDSS[greater than or equal to]6) at baseline. At follow-up approximately 35% had depression. The course of depressive symptoms varied, 26% was depressed at both baseline and follow-up, 9% became depressed during the follow-up, 22% remitted from depression during the 12 months and 43% was neither depressed at baseline nor at follow-up. Poor childhood social functioning, long duration of untreated psychosis (DUP) and depressive symptoms at baseline predicted depression at 12 months follow-up. Conclusion Depressive symptoms are frequent in the first year after onset of psychosis. Patients with poor social functioning in childhood, long DUP and depressive symptoms at baseline are more prone to have depressive symptoms after one year. These patients should be identified and proper treatment provided.

2013-01-01

37

Traumatic intrusion of permanent teeth: 10 years follow-up of 2 cases.  

PubMed

Intrusive luxation is a kind of traumatic injury characterized by an axial displacement of the tooth toward the alveolar bone. Its main causes are bicycle accidents, sports/recreational activities, and falls or collisions. Treatment strategies include waiting for the tooth to return to its position, immediate surgical repositioning, and repositioning through dental traction by orthodontic devices. In order to decide which treatment to follow, the degree of root formation, the patient's age, and intrusion severity should be taken into consideration. This study aimed to report a 10-year follow-up of two patients that suffered permanent incisor (PI) traumatic injury who had a similar root development (incomplete rooting) but different results. In the first case, the treatment of choice was follow-up. The patient showed gingival alteration and root resorption of tooth 21. Calcium hydroxide therapy and root canal filling were performed twice because of not attending callback. After finishing the endodontic treatment, follow-up visits showed no abnormalities. In the second case, the treatment of choice was watch and wait to the teeth 11 and 21. After 7 months spontaneous eruption of both teeth was detected. Radiographic examination showed atypical root formation and almost completely pulp canal obliteration, 8 years later. In the follow-up, visit after 10 years was observed complete crow and pulp canal obliteration. It was concluded that PI intrusion treatments are good intervention alternatives, as they proved to be successful after a 10-year follow-up period. PMID:22251243

Gomes, Genara Brum; da Costa, Catiara Terra; Bonow, Maria Laura Menezes

2012-01-18

38

Minimum 20-year follow-up results of Harrington rod fusion for idiopathic scoliosis.  

PubMed

We evaluated the outcome of spinal fusion with a single Harrington distraction rod in patients with idiopathic scoliosis. At follow-up visits a minimum of 20 years post-surgery, we studied 24 patients who had been operated on by the same surgeon. The Scoliosis Research Society (SRS) Instrument and an additional questionnaire of our own, along with an invitation for a follow-up visit, were originally mailed to 28 consecutive patients of the surgeon. The SRS Instrument has seven domains dealing with back pain, general self-image, self-image after surgery, general function, function in terms of level of activity, function after surgery, and degree of satisfaction with the surgery. The length of time between surgery and the follow-up visit averaged 22.9 years (20.2-27.3). The mean age at surgery and follow-up were 15.8 (13-22) and 38.8 (35-48) years, respectively. Twenty-four patients sent back the completed questionnaires and 16 of them participated in the clinic and radiographic follow-up. To assess the meaning of the questionnaires' results, a control group of the same sex, age and geographic provenance was selected from our outpatients without scoliosis. The average follow-up score on the SRS Instrument for the patients was 100.8 (78-110). When we compared the study and control groups, no significant differences in the single SRS domain scores were observed. The mean Cobb angle and rib cage deformity before surgery were 70.46 degrees (40-120) and 36.4 mm (20-60 mm), respectively, whereas on follow-up they were 41.23 degrees (16-75) and 22.3 mm (5-50 mm), respectively. These long-term results lead us to consider Harrington fusion a procedure that produces a long-lasting high degree of self-reported post-operative satisfaction. PMID:15864669

Mariconda, M; Galasso, O; Barca, P; Milano, C

2005-04-29

39

Predictors of ADHD Persistence in Girls at 5-Year Follow-Up  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Objective: The main aim of this study was to examine the age-dependent remission from ADHD in girls transitioning through childhood into adolescence and early adulthood. Method: We conducted a 5-year prospective follow-up study of 123 girls with ADHD and 106 non-ADHD control girls aged between 6 and 17 years at ascertainment. ADHD was considered…

Mick, Eric; Byrne, Deirdre; Fried, Ronna; Monuteaux, Michael; Faraone, Stephen V.; Biederman, Joseph

2011-01-01

40

The Preschool Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder Treatment Study (PATS) 6-Year Follow-Up  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: To describe the clinical course of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptom severity and diagnosis from ages 3 to 5 up to 9 to 12 years during a 6-year follow-up after the original Preschool ADHD Treatment Study (PATS). Method: A total of 207 participants (75% male) from the original PATS, assessed at baseline (mean age,…

Riddle, Mark A.; Yershova, Kseniya; Lazzaretto, Deborah; Paykina, Natalya; Yenokyan, Gayane; Greenhill, Laurence; Abikoff, Howard; Vitiello, Benedetto; Wigal, Tim; McCracken, James T.; Kollins, Scott H.; Murray, Desiree W.; Wigal, Sharon; Kastelic, Elizabeth; McGough, James J.; dosReis, Susan; Bauzo-Rosario, Audrey; Stehli, Annamarie; Posner, Kelly

2013-01-01

41

Radiological progression and lung function in silicosis: a ten year follow up study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Chest radiographs and spirometric tests were performed on 81 patients who had silicosis from two granite quarries in 1975, 73 of whom were followed up for two to 10 (mean 7.2) years. Each patient's initial and most recent chest radiographs were assessed independently by three experienced readers, and the yearly declines in forced expiratory volume in one second and forced

T P Ng; S L Chan; K P Lam

1987-01-01

42

Seven-year follow-up of a smoking-prevention program for children.  

PubMed

Smoking-prevention programs, run by both teachers, and teachers and peers, have been introduced into school curricula in many parts of the world. This paper describes a long-term follow-up of a randomised controlled trial of a smoking education program for children conducted in Western Australia. Seven years after the first survey of 2,366 Year 7 students in 1981, 68 per cent of initial participants were traced through public records; 53 per cent of these responded to a new survey concerning smoking. Previous follow-up after one and two years had shown that both teacher-led and peer-led programs continued to reduce the taking up of smoking by girls to about the same degree, whereas in boys, the teacher-led program appeared to be effective after one year but neither program was effective after two years. In nonsmoking girls, both the intervention programs maintained their effects at the seven-year follow-up, with an almost 50 per cent reduction in smoking prevalence in the intervention group. Nonsmoking girls appeared to respond to cigarette advertisements. Mothers seemed to influence nonsmokers of both sexes and brothers seemed to influence smokers of both sexes. The seven-year follow-up confirmed the results seen at two years for boys, that the effects of the education program had dissipated. However, this study suggests that the smoking-prevention program had a lasting effect on preventing girls from taking up smoking. PMID:7948340

Shean, R E; de Klerk, N H; Armstrong, B K; Walker, N R

1994-06-01

43

Diagnostic Factors in Adult Males Following Initial Seizures: A Three-Year Follow-up.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Seventy-seven navy enlisted men with a mean age of 23.2 years (range 17 to 48) were admitted to the hospital after their first seizure and given a provisional diagnosis of convulsive disorder. The subjects were followed-up for three years to see if reliab...

L. C. Johnson W. L. DeBolt M. T. Long J. J. Ross J. F. Sassin

1972-01-01

44

Treatment of Chronic PTSD by Cognitive Therapy and Exposure: 5-Year Follow-up  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Patients who had taken part in a randomized clinical trial of the treatment of chronic PTSD by either cognitive therapy or imaginal exposure were reassessed after 5 years. At 5-year follow-up a clear superiority of cognitive therapy over imaginal exposure emerged, although there had been no difference between the two treatment groups up to 12…

Tarrier, Nicholas; Sommerfield, Claire

2004-01-01

45

Predictors of Persistent ADHD: An 11-year Follow-up Study  

PubMed Central

Objective Despite the existence of several follow-up studies of children with ADHD followed up into adulthood, there is limited information on whether patterns of persistence and remission in ADHD can be predicted over the long-term. The main aim of this study was to evaluate predictors of persistence of ADHD in a large sample of boys with and without ADHD followed prospectively for 11 years into young adulthood. Method Subjects were Caucasian, non-Hispanic boys with (N=110) and without (N=105) ADHD who were 6 to 17 years old at the baseline assessment (mean age 11 years) and 15 to 31 years old at the follow-up assessment (mean age 22 years). Subjects were comprehensively and blindly assessed with structured diagnostic interviews and assessments of cognitive, social, school, and family functioning. Results At the 11-year follow-up, 78% of children with ADHD continued to have a full (35%) or a partial persistence (subsyndromal (22%), impaired functioning (15%), or remitted but treated (6%)). Predictors of persistence were severe impairment of ADHD, psychiatric comorbidity, and exposure to maternal psychopathology at baseline. Conclusions These findings prospectively confirm that persistence of ADHD over the long term is predictable from psychosocial adversity and psychiatric comorbidity ascertained 11 years earlier.

Biederman, Joseph; Petty, Carter R.; Clarke, Allison; Lomedico, Alexandra; Faraone, Stephen V.

2011-01-01

46

Four years follow-up of 101 children with melamine-related urinary stones.  

PubMed

The melamine-contaminated milk powder incidence occurred in China in 2008. Many studies have been published regarding the epidemiology, clinical symptoms, diagnosis and treatment of melamine-related urinary stones. The objective of this study is to follow-up the effects of melamine-contaminated milk powder consumption on kidney and body growth in children with melamine-related urinary stones 4 years ago. One hundred and one children with melamine-related urinary stones were followed up by urinalysis, renal function tests and urinary ultrasonography. The data of body weight and height, clinical signs and complications were collected. Eighty normal children without the history of consuming melamine-contaminated milk powder were collected as controls. Eighty-one children with melamine-related urinary stones were successfully followed up. Of 45 cases with melamine-related urinary stones treated conservatively after discharge, 34 disappeared completely, 6 dissolved partially, 1 increased in size and 4 did not change at 4 years follow-up. The percentages of under-height and under-weight infants were significantly higher in melamine-related urinary stones group compared to the controls, respectively (p < 0.05). Routine blood, renal and bladder function tests as well as urinalysis were normal in all children. No urological tumors were detected. No noticeable impact of melamine-related urinary stones on kidney and bladder was found at 4 years follow-up. However, whether or not melamine-related urinary stones had effect on body growth needs follow-up in future. PMID:23549684

Yang, Li; Wen, Jian Guo; Wen, Jian Jun; Su, Zhi Qiang; Zhu, Wen; Huang, Chen Xu; Yu, Si Long; Guo, Zhan

2013-04-03

47

Scabies increased the risk of chronic kidney disease: a 5-year follow-up study.  

PubMed

BACKGROUND: The most documented complication of scabies has been reported to be infection by group A streptococci, which has in turn been suggested to contribute to the development of glomerulonephritis. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate the risk of chronic kidney disease (CKD) subsequent to scabies utilizing a population-based dataset in Taiwan. METHODS: This retrospective matched-cohort study included 5071 subjects with scabies and 25 355 randomly selected comparison subjects. We individually tracked each subject for a 5-year period to identify those who subsequently received a diagnosis of CKD during the follow-up period. Stratified Cox proportional hazards regressions were performed to compute the hazard ratio (HR) of CKD during the 5-year follow-up period. RESULTS: The incidence rate of CKD during the 5-year follow-up period was 9.66 (8.51-10.93) per 1,000 person-years and 6.24 (5.82-6.69) per 1000 person-years for subjects with and without scabies respectively. The HR for CKD during the 5-year follow-up period for subjects with scabies was 1.34 (95% CI = 1.15-1.56) that of comparison subjects after adjusting for monthly income, hypertension, diabetes, obesity, stroke, coronary heart disease, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, tobacco use disorder, hyperlipidemia and alcohol abuse during the 5-year follow-up period. Male subjects with scabies were 1.40 (95% CI = 1.14-1.71) times more likely than comparison subjects to suffer from subsequent CKD, and female study subjects were 1.27 (95% CI = 1.05-1.61) times more likely. CONCLUSIONS: We concluded that there was an increased risk for CKD among patients suffering from scabies. PMID:23374101

Chung, S-D; Wang, K-H; Huang, C-C; Lin, H-C

2013-02-01

48

Ten-Year Follow-Up of Endovascular Aneurysm Treatment with Talent Stent-Grafts  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the clinical results, complications, and secondary interventions during long-term\\u000a follow-up after endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) and to investigate the impact of endoleak sizes on aneurysm shrinkage.\\u000a From 1997 to March 2007, 127 patients (12 female, 115 male; age, 73.0 ± 7.2 years) with abdominal aortic aneurysms were treated\\u000a with Talent stent-grafts. Follow-up included clinical visits,

Michael B. Pitton; Tobias Scheschkowski; Markus Ring; Sascha Herber; Katja Oberholzer; Annegret Leicher-Düber; Achim Neufang; Walther Schmiedt; Christoph Düber

2009-01-01

49

Hepatic portocholecystostomy for biliary atresia: a 25-year follow-up and review.  

PubMed

We report the successful salvage of a patient's native liver 25 years after hepatic portocholecystostomy for biliary atresia. Our case demonstrates the effectiveness of biliary specific, high-resolution CT imaging in the diagnosis of, and operative planning for complex cases of biliary obstruction. We also report the longest-term pathologic follow-up of biliary atresia after hepatic portocholecystostomy. Life-long follow-up of patients with biliary atresia is important to prevent life-threatening complications of biliary stasis/obstruction. PMID:23331828

Schecter, Samuel C; Courtier, Jesse; Cho, Soo-Jin; Saadai, Payam; Hirose, Shinjiro; Mackenzie, Tippi C; Miniati, Doug

2013-01-01

50

Reactive attachment disorder in maltreated twins follow-up: from 18 months to 8 years.  

PubMed

The best means for the diagnosis and treatment of reactive attachment disorder of infancy and early childhood have not been established. Though some longitudinal data on institutionalized children is available, reports of maltreated young children who are followed over time and assessed with measures of attachment are lacking. This paper presents the clinical course of a set of maltreated fraternal twins who were assessed and treated from 19 months to 30 months of age and then seen in follow-up at 3 and 8 years of age. A summary of the early assessment and course is provided and findings from follow-up assessments of the cognitive, behavioral, and interpersonal functioning of each child is analysed. Follow-up measures, chosen to capture social-cognitive processing of these children from an attachment perspective, are highlighted. Finally, findings from the case are discussed from nosological and theoretical perspectives. PMID:16581624

Heller, Sherryl Scott; Boris, Neil W; Fuselier, Sarah-Hinshaw; Page, Timothy; Koren-Karie, Nina; Miron, Devi

2006-03-01

51

Psychopathy and Offending From Adolescence to Adulthood: A 10-Year Follow-Up  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study examined the predictive validity of the Hare Psychopathy Checklist: Youth Version (PCL:YV; A. E. Forth, D. S. Kosson, & R. D. Hare, 2003) from adolescence to early adulthood. The authors coded the PCL:YV using file information and collected criminal record information over a 10-year follow-up period on 157 boys, ages 12 through 18,…

Gretton, Heather M.; Hare, Robert D.; Catchpole, Rosalind E. H.

2004-01-01

52

Nursing Education Follow-Up Study--1974 R.Ns. a Year After Graduation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A group of 41 registered nursing graduates of the 1974 class at Bakersfield College was surveyed in the summer of 1974 as part of a nursing education follow-up study. In the summer of 1975, the same group was surveyed again in order to compare the perceptions and aspirations reported by the graduates one year after graduation with those reported…

Scott, David C.

53

Education Longitudinal Study of 2002: Base-Year to First Follow-Up Data File Documentation.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This manual has been produced to familiarize data users with the procedures followed for data collection and processing for the base year and first follow-up of the Education Longitudinal Study of 2002 (ELS:2002). It also provides the necessary documentat...

D. J. Pratt E. S. Stutts J. E. Rogers P. H. Siegel S. J. Ingels

2005-01-01

54

Pre-Placement Anxiety among Foundation-Year MSW Students: A Follow-up Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This Field Note presents a follow-up to a pilot study that explored pre-field placement anxiety for 1st-year MSW students. Previous studies report that students experience significant anxiety as they anticipate their field placement, and research indicates that anxiety has the potential to affect learning. A sample of 204 students reported…

Rosenthal Gelman, Caroline; Lloyd, Chrishana M.

2008-01-01

55

Bone marrow edema syndrome of the foot: one year follow-up with MR imaging  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective. To describe the MR findings of bone marrow edema syndrome (BMES) of the foot and its evolution at 1 year follow-up. Design and patients. Twenty-five of 32 patients with disabling foot and ankle pain unrelated to trauma diagnosed as BMES when MR imaging demonstrated a bone marrow edema pattern in one or more bones without any radiological or underlying

Guillermo Fernandez-Canton; Oscar Casado; Ana Capelastegui; Elena Astigarraga; Jose Alejandro Larena; Amaya Merino

2003-01-01

56

Antecedents of teenage pregnancy from a 14-year follow-up study using data linkage  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Many western nations continue to have high rates of teenage pregnancies and births, which can result in adverse outcomes for both mother and child. This study identified possible antecedents of teenage pregnancy using linked data from administrative sources to create a 14-year follow-up from a cross-sectional survey. METHODS: Data were drawn from two sources - the 1993 Western Australian

Jennifer Gaudie; Francis Mitrou; David Lawrence; Fiona J Stanley; Sven R Silburn; Stephen R Zubrick

2010-01-01

57

Emotionally Focused Interventions for Couples with Chronically Ill Children: A 2-Year Follow-Up  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Couples with chronically ill children are particularly at risk for experiencing marital distress. The study presented here is a 2-year follow-up of a randomized control trial that assessed the efficacy of Emotionally Focused Therapy (EFT) in decreasing marital distress in a sample of couples with a chronically ill child. Thirteen couples with…

Cloutier, Paula F.; Manion, Ian G.; Walker, Jan Gordon; Johnson, Susan M.

2002-01-01

58

Nursing Education Follow-Up Study--1974 R.Ns. a Year After Graduation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A group of 41 registered nursing graduates of the 1974 class at Bakersfield College was surveyed in the summer of 1974 as part of a nursing education follow-up study. In the summer of 1975, the same group was surveyed again in order to compare the perceptions and aspirations reported by the graduates one year after graduation with those reported…

Scott, David C.

59

Randomised controlled trial of conservative management of postnatal urinary and faecal incontinence: six year follow up  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective To determine the long term effects of a conservative nurse-led intervention for postnatal urinary incontinence. Design Randomised controlled trial. Setting Community based intervention in three centres in the United Kingdom and New Zealand. Participants 747 women with urinary incontinence at three months after childbirth, of whom 516 were followed up again at six years (69%). Intervention Active conservative treatment

G Peter Herbison; Christine MacArthur; Adrian Grant; P Don Wilson

60

Children of parents with unipolar depression: A controlled 1-year follow-up  

Microsoft Academic Search

An earlier cross sectional study indicated that children's health and adjustment is at risk when their parents are depressed. Here, we report the associated longitudinal changes in children and families when parental depression either remits or continues. Comparisons are made among three groups established at a 1 year follow up: (a) previously depressed parents whose symptoms have remitted (N=34 remitted

Andrew G. Billings; Rudolf H. Moos

1986-01-01

61

Battered Women's Process of Leaving: A 2-Year Follow-Up  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study is a follow-up investigation of the career and life experiences of battered women two years after shelter exit. Using consensual qualitative research, we interviewed 6 women from our original sample of 13 regarding their career and life adjustments and future aspirations. Results indicated that participants generally reported both…

Brown, Chris; Trangsrud, Heather B.; Linnemeyer, Rachel M.

2009-01-01

62

A Four-Year Follow-Up Study of Underachieving College Freshmen  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A four-year follow-up study of underachieving college freshmen measured changes in the self-concept of those still in college and those who had dropped out. Significant differences generally favored college seniors. Findings also indicate that dropping out of college may be a positive experience. (Author)

Valine, Warren J.

1976-01-01

63

Loneliness, Social Networks, and Mortality: 18 Years of Follow-up  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We examined the influence of changes in loneliness and social support networks upon mortality during 18 years of follow-up among an elderly cohort and determined the gender-specific nature of this relationship. The study is based on data collected from the Jerusalem Longitudinal Study (1990-2008), which has followed a representative sample of 605…

Iecovich, Esther; Jacobs, Jeremy M.; Stessman, Jochanan

2011-01-01

64

Nevus Depigmentosus Treated with Suction Blister Grafting: Follow-up After 10 Years  

PubMed Central

Nevus depigmentosus is a congenital hypomelanotic condition for which no effective treatments are available. The hypopigmentation is permanent and enlarges in proportion with growth in the person. Here, I report a patient of nevus depigmentosus on whom we performed suction blister grafting and the resultant pigmentation was satisfactory even at a follow-up after 10 years.

Kar, Bikash Ranjan

2013-01-01

65

A 40Year Follow-up of Patients With Obsessive-compulsive Disorder  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: The long-term course of obsessive- compulsive disorder is insufficiently known. We stud- ied the course of this disorder in patients who were followed up for 40 years. Methods: Patients admitted with a diagnosis of obsessive- compulsive disorder to the Department of Psychiatry, Sahl- grenska University Hospital, Goteborg, Sweden, between 1947 and 1953 were examined by an experienced psy- chiatrist

Gunnar Skoog; Ingmar Skoog

1999-01-01

66

The Sexual Adjustment of Coronary Bypass Surgery Patients: A 4-Year Follow-Up.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Measured the sexual adjustment of 14 individuals before coronary bypass surgery and both four months and four years afterwards. Results showed that sexual adjustment worsened with the onset of symptomatic coronary artery disease and did not improve at either follow-up interval. (LLL)|

Thurer, Shari; Thurer, Robert L.

1983-01-01

67

Social Effectiveness Therapy for Children: Three-Year Follow-Up  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study reports the results of a 3-year follow-up assessment of children and adolescents diagnosed with social anxiety disorder (social phobia) and treated with Social Effectiveness Therapy for Children (SET-C), a comprehensive behavioral treatment program combining social skills training, peer generalization, and individualized exposure.…

Beidel, Deborah C.; Turner, Samuel M.; Young, Brennan; Paulson, Autumn

2005-01-01

68

Fifteen-Year Follow-Up of Thyroid Status in Adults with Down Syndrome  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Background: The natural history of thyroid function in adults with Down syndrome is relatively unknown with limited long-term follow-up data. Method: This study investigated annual thyroid function tests in 200 adults with Down syndrome over a 15-year period. Results: For healthy adults with Down syndrome there is a gradual increase in thyroxine…

Prasher, V.; Ninan, S.; Haque, S.

2011-01-01

69

Four-Year Follow-Up of Children with Low Intelligence and ADHD: A Replication.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Twenty children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and low IQs were followed up 4.5 years later (ages 8-20). A majority continued to screen positive for ADHD, as well as display high rates of comorbid anxiety disorders, tics, and elimination disorders. Multiple medication trials resulted in significantly lower hyperactivity…

Aman, Michael G.; Armstrong, Sharon; Buican, Brett; Sillick, Traci

2002-01-01

70

Four-Year Follow-Up on Physics Students. A Preliminary Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A follow-up study was made, in 1972, for 3,150 students who enrolled in a physics course during the 1967-68 experimental year of Project Physics (PP). An eight-page questionnaire was mailed to the students. The questionnaire included one section on students' biographical information, two sections of items identical to those of 1967-68 devices,…

Watson, Fletcher G.

71

Twenty-Year Follow-up of Visual Field Defects in Primary Glaucoma Eyes  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose: The time course of visual field defects in patients with primary glaucoma was investigated for 20 or more years.Methods: The subjects were 51 eyes of 29 patients (open angle glaucoma, 40 eyes of 21 patients angle closure glaucoma, 11 eyes of 8 patients). The mean intraocular pressure of these subjects was within 21 mm Hg during the follow-up periods.

Jun Kozaki; Hiroshi Kozaki; Ryo Kozaki

1999-01-01

72

Head injuries in children: a prospective five year follow-up.  

PubMed Central

A five year follow-up study was conducted with two groups of head-injuried children. 131 younger than 9 years old at time of injury and 100 older than 9 years. The four aspects studied were neuropsychological function, neurological status, EEG status, and school progress. There was an extended recovery process over time, as well as evidence of a differential rate of recovery for the four aspects measured.

Klonoff, H; Low, M D; Clark, C

1977-01-01

73

Reductions in criminal convictions after addiction treatment: 5-year follow-up.  

PubMed

Changes in criminal convictions were investigated among 1075 clients admitted to 54 drug misuse treatment services across England as part of the National Treatment Outcome Research Study (NTORS). Convictions data during the year prior to treatment, and at 1 year, 2 years, and 5 years after treatment intake were collected from the Home Office Offenders' Index, a national database of all convictions in adult and youth courts. Clinical data were collected by face-to-face interviews at intake to treatment, and at follow-up 1 year, 2 years, and 4-5 years after admission to treatment. During the year prior to treatment, 34% of the sample had been convicted of at least one offence. Conviction rates at all follow-up points were significantly lower than at intake. During the year prior to the 5-year follow-up, 18% of the sample had been convicted of at least one offence. Statistically significant reductions in the mean number of convicted offences were also found between treatment intake and 5-year follow-up. Reductions in convictions were found for acquisitive, drug selling, and violent crimes. Reductions in crime were associated with reductions in regular heroin use, age, and with stable housing. The results replicate previously reported findings of crime reductions among the NTORS cohort as indicated by self-reported measures of offending behaviour. The observed reductions in crime among drug misusers after treatment represent substantial changes in behaviour and have considerable personal, social and clinical significance. Reduced criminality also provides substantial economic benefits to society. PMID:16102373

Gossop, Michael; Trakada, Katia; Stewart, Duncan; Witton, John

2005-03-26

74

An 8- to 10-year follow-up of 26 computer-assisted total knee arthroplasties.  

PubMed

The objective of this article was to assess the long-term follow-up of the first 26 computer-assisted total knee arthroplasties (TKAs) performed between January, 1997, and December, 1998, using the prototype of the OrthoPilot (B. Braun Aesculap, Tuttlingen, Germany). Three patients died of unrelated causes at 3, 8, and 9 years after surgery and one was lost to follow-up. One prosthesis was partially revised after 5 years of follow up, because of untimely wear of the polyethylene. Another will be revised because of femoral implant loosening. Therefore, results are based on 20 prostheses after a mean follow up of 98.25 +/- 10.28 months (range, 80-119), with a survival rate of 90%. The majority of patients reported being satisfied or very satisfied with their prosthesis (17 patients; 85%), and three (15%) could not benefit fully from the prosthesis because of other issues, including spinal handicap, non operated homolateral coxarthrosis, and Parkinson 's disease. PMID:17983112

Saragaglia, Dominique; Picard, Frédéric; Leitner, François

2007-10-01

75

Eight-Year Follow-up of a Girl with McCune-Albright Syndrome  

PubMed Central

McCune-Albright syndrome (MAS) is characterized by the triad of fibrous dysplasia (FD), cafe-au-lait spots and precocious puberty (PP). We report a 14-year-old girl with MAS who has been followed-up for 8 years. She was referred for multiple fractures and vaginal bleeding at age 5.9 years. She had peripheral PP, FD, and osteoporosis and was diagnosed as MAS. The patient was treated with aromatase inhibitors and bisphosphonates. She had no menses during aromatase inhibitor treatment. Her growth rate and bone maturation were in normal ranges while on treatment. She had one new fracture on the seventh year of follow- up in spite of bisphosphonate treatment. Conflict of interest:None declared.

Aycan, Zehra; Cetinkaya, Semra

2011-01-01

76

Randomized Trial of Treatment for Children With Sexual Behavior Problems: Ten-Year Follow-Up  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study prospectively follows 135 children 5–12 years of age with sexual behavior problems from a randomized trial comparing a 12-session group cognitive–behavioral therapy (CBT) with group play therapy and follows 156 general clinic children with nonsexual behavior problems. Ten-year follow-up data on future juvenile and adult arrests and child welfare perpetration reports were collected. The CBT group had significantly

Melissa Y. Carpentier; Jane F. Silovsky; Mark Chaffin

2006-01-01

77

Involvement in bullying and depression in a 2-year follow-up in middle adolescence  

Microsoft Academic Search

The main objective was to analyse whether involvement in bullying at school predicts depression, and whether depression predicts\\u000a involvement in bullying in middle adolescence. A total of 2,070 15-year-old girls and boys in two Finnish cities were surveyed\\u000a at ninth grade (age 15) at schools, and followed upyears later in the Adolescent Mental Health Cohort Study (AMHC). Depression\\u000a was

Riittakerttu Kaltiala-Heino; Sari Fröjd; Mauri Marttunen

2010-01-01

78

Maternal hypothyroxinaemia during early pregnancy and subsequent child development: a 3-year follow-up study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary OBJECTIVE To evaluate the impact of maternal hypo- thyroxinaemia during early gestation (fT4 below the lowest tenth percentile and TSH within the reference range: 0·15-2·0 mIU\\/l) on infant development, together with any subsequent changes in fT4 during gestation. DESIGN A prospective 3-year follow-up study of pre- gnant women and their children up to the age of 2 years. MEASUREMENTS

Victor J. Pop; Evelien P. Brouwers; Huib L. Vader; Thomas Vulsma; Baar van A. L; Vijlder de J. J. M

2003-01-01

79

Development of hypertension and uraemia after pyelonephritis in childhood: 27 year follow up  

Microsoft Academic Search

OBJECTIVE--Determination of the long term incidence of uraemia, hypertension, and toxaemia in pregnancy associated with non-obstructive focal renal scarring after pyelonephritis in childhood 25-35 years earlier. DESIGN--27 Year follow up of patients with non-obstructive focal scarring identified from a retrospective review of intravenous urograms performed in childhood between 1951 and 1967. SETTING--Paediatric primary referral centre and urological clinic in tertiary

S. H. Jacobson; O. Eklöf; C. G. Eriksson; L. E. Lins; B. Tidgren; J. Winberg

1989-01-01

80

The Maudsley early onset schizophrenia study. Predictors of psychosocial outcome at 4-year follow-up  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective To examine the contribution of premorbid function, duration of untreated psychosis (DUP), age of onset, severity of symptoms at presentation, and number of subsequent hospitalisations to the outcome of early onset schizophrenia (EOS; onset before 17th birthday). Method Twenty-three EOS patients (mean age at onset 15.16 ± 1.39 years) were re-assessed after a mean interval of 4 ± 1.08 years. At baseline and follow-up clinical

Nora S. Vyas; Michael Hadjulis; Sophia Frangou

2007-01-01

81

A 27-year follow-up of patients with borderline personality disorder  

Microsoft Academic Search

Sixty-four patients with borderline personality disorder (BPD) were followed up for a mean of 27 years. Outcome was assessed using the Diagnostic Interview for Borderlines, Revised (DIB-R); the Schedule for DSM-III-R Diagnosis (SCID); Global Assessment of Functioning (GAF); the Symptom Check List-90 (SCL-90); and the Social Adjustment Scale (SAS-SR). Most patients showed significant improvement as compared to a previous 15-year

Joel Paris; Hallie Zweig-Frank

2001-01-01

82

Autotransplantation for treatment of regional odontodysplasia. Case report with 6-year follow-up.  

PubMed

Regional odontodysplasia is an uncommon dental malformation with characteristic clinical and radiographic findings. Affected teeth appear discolored with irregularly shaped surfaces. Radiographically wide pulp chambers and thin poorly defined hard tissue outlines are typical features. This report describes a 9-year-old girl with recurrent and recalcitrant periapical infections as a result of unilateral mandibular odontodysplasia. With a 6-year follow-up, this is the longest documented case of regional odontodysplasia treated by tooth autotransplantation. PMID:9540088

von Arx, T

1998-03-01

83

Developing COPD: a 25 year follow up study of the general population  

PubMed Central

Background Smokers are more prone to develop chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) than non?smokers, but this finding comes from studies spanning 10?years or less. The aim of this study was to determine the 25?year absolute risk of developing COPD in men and women from the general population. Methods As part of the Copenhagen City Heart Study, 8045 men and women aged 30–60?years with normal lung function at baseline were followed for 25?years. Lung function measurements were collected and mortality from COPD during the 25?year observation period was analysed. Results The percentage of men with normal lung function ranged from 96% of never smokers to 59% of continuous smokers; for women the proportions were 91% and 69%, respectively. The 25?year incidence of moderate and severe COPD was 20.7% and 3.6%, respectively, with no apparent difference between men and women. Smoking cessation, especially early in the follow up period, decreased the risk of developing COPD substantially compared with continuous smoking. During the follow up period there were 2912 deaths, 109 of which were from COPD. 92% of the COPD deaths occurred in subjects who were current smokers at the beginning of the follow up period. Conclusion The absolute risk of developing COPD among continuous smokers is at least 25%, which is larger than was previously estimated.

L?kke, A; Lange, P; Scharling, H; Fabricius, P; Vestbo, J

2006-01-01

84

Six-Year Follow-up of Catheter Ablation in Paroxysmal Atrial Fibrillation.  

PubMed

Background:?Although pulmonary vein (PV) antrum isolation is an established therapy for drug-resistant paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (PAF), long-term (>5 years) follow-up data are limited. This study investigated long-term clinical outcome of catheter ablation. Methods and Results:?From September 2003 to August 2006, 161 patients (mean age, 60±9 years; 119 male) with symptomatic drug-refractory PAF who underwent extensive encircling PV isolation (EEPVI) with a double Lasso technique were included. Right-sided and left-sided circular lesions encircling the ipsilateral PVs were created. The procedure endpoint was electrical isolation of the PV antrum. Patients with recurrent atrial tachyarrhythmia (ATa) had their previous lesions assessed and consolidated. Trigger ablation was added if necessary. EEPVI was successfully performed at the initial procedure. During a median follow-up of 6.4 years (25th-75th percentile, 5.8-7.1 years), 86 patients (53.4%) had recurrent ATa. Among 78, 15 and 4 patients undergoing 2nd, 3rd and 4th procedures, PV reconnections were observed in 68, 10 and 2, respectively. During a median follow-up of 6.0 years (25th-75th percentile, 5.2-6.9 years) after a mean of 1.6±0.7 procedures per patient, 144 patients (89.4%) were free from ATa. No progression toward persistent AF was observed in any patients. Conclusions:?The vast majority of drug-resistant PAF could be controlled by EEPVI without an additional atrial substrate modification. No progression toward persistent AF was observed during a median follow-up of 6 years.??(Circ J?2013; 77: 2722-2727). PMID:23924888

Uchiyama, Takashi; Miyazaki, Shinsuke; Taniguchi, Hiroshi; Komatsu, Yuki; Kusa, Shigeki; Nakamura, Hiroaki; Hachiya, Hitoshi; Iesaka, Yoshito

2013-08-08

85

Osteoarticular autograft and allograft transplantation of the knee: 3 year follow-up.  

PubMed

Between 1998 and 2001, a total of 48 patients underwent autologous or allograft osteoarticular transplantation with a minimum follow-up of 24 months. Nineteen patients underwent concomitant procedures. Average patient age was 46 years. Graft area averaged 4.8 cm2 (range, 0.2-21.6 cm(2)). Grafts implanted included 24 autografts, 12 refrigerated allografts, and 12 frozen allografts. Average follow-up was 37.1 months (range, 24-63 months). Postoperative Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index (WOMAC) score, Knee Society Score (KSS), and pain scores improved significantly. Age <35 years and male gender was associated with a positive outcome. There was no significant difference in improvement between autograft and allograft groups. Nine patients, considered failures, underwent total knee arthroplasty and data analysis. No significant relationship was noted for any variable. Eighty-one percent of grafts are still functioning >3 years after transplantation. PMID:19292165

Pearsall, Albert W; Madanagopal, Sudhakar G; Hughey, James T

2008-01-01

86

Ergonomic stressors and upper extremity musculoskeletal disorders in automobile manufacturing: a one year follow up study  

PubMed Central

Aims: To estimate the one year cumulative incidence and persistence of upper extremity (UE) soft tissue disorders, in a fixed cohort of automotive manufacturing workers, and to quantify their associations with ergonomic exposures. Methods: At baseline and at follow up, cases of UE musculoskeletal disorders were determined by interviewer administered questionnaire and standardised physical examination of the upper extremities. The interview obtained new data on psychosocial strain and updated the medical and work histories. An index of exposure to ergonomic stressors, obtained at baseline interview, was the primary independent variable. Cumulative incidence and persistence of UE disorders (defined both by symptoms and by physical examination plus symptoms) were analysed in relation to baseline ergonomic exposures, adjusting for other covariates. The incidence of new disorders was modelled using multivariate proportional hazards regression among workers who were not cases in the first year and the prevalence on both occasions was modelled by repeated measures analysis. Results: A total of 820 workers (69% of eligible cohort members) was examined. Follow up varied slightly by department group but not by baseline exposure level or other characteristics. Among the non-cases at baseline, the cumulative incidence of UE disorders was 14% by symptoms and 12% by symptoms plus examination findings. These rates increased with index of physical exposures primarily among subjects who had the same jobs at follow up as at baseline. Increased exposure during follow up increased risk of incidence. The persistence of UE disorders from baseline to follow up examination was nearly 60% and somewhat associated with baseline exposure score. Conclusions: These longitudinal results confirm the previous cross sectional associations of UE musculoskeletal disorders with exposure to combined ergonomic stressors. The exposure-response relation was similar for incident cases defined by symptoms alone and those confirmed by physical examination.

Punnett, L; Gold, J; Katz, J; Gore, R; Wegman, D

2004-01-01

87

Three-year follow-up of couples evaluated for sexual dysfunction.  

PubMed

The present status of 49 couples who three years previously had been evaluated but not treated at a clinic for sexual dysfunction was determined by a self-report assessment battery. The battery consisted of the Sexual Interaction Inventory, the Locke-Wallace Marriage Inventory and the Sexual History Form completed at initial evaluation and follow-up. An additional Follow-up Questionnaire was completed at post only. Approximately 52% of the men and 54% of the women reported receiving therapy during the period between initial intake and follow-up. Analysis of male data revealed that with the exceptions of estimates of mate satisfaction and marital happiness, all other variables measuring sexual behaviors and attitudes did not show significant changes over time. Men who received subsequent therapy reported significantly more erectile difficulty at both intake and follow-up than their nontreated counterparts. In contrast, women showed significant improvement over time in sexual satisfaction, acceptance of mate, and ability to achieve orgasm through a wider variety of means. These improvements were reported by women who had therapy during the interim period as well as women who had not had therapy. Repeated measured ANOVAs and t-test analyses were performed examining the effects of male dysfunction on female functioning. Interpretations of the differences in change noted over time between women and men are offered as well as suggestions for future research. PMID:6520877

De Amicis, L A; Goldberg, D C; LoPiccolo, J; Friedman, J; Davies, L

1984-01-01

88

Psychological factors predict eating disorder onset and maintenance at 10-year follow-up.  

PubMed

The present study sought to identify psychological factors that predict onset and maintenance of eating disorders. Secondary analyses were conducted using data from an epidemiological study of health and eating behaviours in men and women (N = 1320; 72% female) to examine the prospective and independent influence of the Eating Disorder Inventory Perfectionism, Interpersonal Distrust, and Maturity Fears subscales in predicting the onset and maintenance of eating disorders at 10-year follow-up. Multivariate models indicated higher Perfectionism (p = .025), lower Interpersonal Distrust (p < .001), and higher Maturity Fears (p = .037) predicted increased risk for eating disorder onset at 10-year follow-up, but only Perfectionism (p = .004) predicted eating disorder maintenance. Differential prediction of eating disorder onset versus maintenance highlights potentially different psychological foci for prevention versus treatment efforts. PMID:23847146

Holland, Lauren A; Bodell, Lindsay P; Keel, Pamela K

2013-07-11

89

Remission of late-life drinking problems: a 4-year follow-up.  

PubMed

This 4-year follow-up study compared stably remitted late-life problem drinkers to nonremitted problem drinkers and nonproblem drinkers. At time 1, to-be-remitted drinkers reported less alcohol consumption and fewer drinking problems, more depression and less self-confidence, less spousal support and approval of drinking from friends, and more help-seeking than did to-be-nonremitted drinkers. Remitted drinkers showed improvement in functioning and life context at the 4-year follow-up, but compared with nonproblem drinkers some deficits persisted. Stable remission and abstinence among late-onset drinkers were closely tied to receiving less spousal support and approval from friends for drinking at time 1, whereas help-seeking was a strong predictor of stable remission and abstinence among early-onset problem drinkers. For both late- and early-onset drinkers, abstinence was predicted by initially having more drinking problems, depression, and health stressors. PMID:7978093

Schutte, K K; Brennan, P L; Moos, R H

1994-08-01

90

Four-year follow-up of megalencephaly, polymicrogyria, postaxial polydactyly and hydrocephalus (MPPH) syndrome.  

PubMed

A male infant was born by emergent caesarean section at 39 weeks gestational age secondary to maternal and fetal distress. Initial physical examination was notable for macrocephaly (greater than+2SD), postaxial polydactyly of the hands and facial dysmorphism. Head imaging demonstrated diffuse polymicrogyria without hydrocephalus. All findings were consistent with a diagnosis of megalencephaly, polymicrogyria, postaxial polydactyly and hydrocephalus (MPPH) syndrome. At the 4-year follow-up, megalencephaly persisted without evidence of hydrocephalus. The child was severely delayed with a stable seizure disorder controlled with dual antiepileptic therapy. This case meets the classic criteria for MPPH syndrome, adding to the limited experience with this disease. The 4-year follow-up and absence of hydrocephalus, once thought to be a key diagnostic criterion, adds to our understanding of the long-term sequelae. PMID:24092603

Zamora, Tara G; Roberts, Kari D

2013-10-03

91

One-year follow-up study to a worksite weight control program.  

PubMed

Follow-up weights were obtained from 149 participants from two worksite weight control programs 1 year after the end of treatment. These participants regained, on average, 75% of the weight they had lost during treatment. Only 21% of this population maintained their post-treatment weight or continued to lose. We conclude that worksites do not appear to offer special advantages over clinic settings in aiding weight-loss maintenance. PMID:3362799

Forster, J L; Jeffery, R W; Snell, M K

1988-01-01

92

Sexual health after treatment for testicular cancer: a one year follow-up 1  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary Purpose: A retrospective study at the University Medical Centre Groningen (UMCG), The Netherlands, showed sexual dysfunction in 30%-40% of patients treated for testicular cancer (follow-up seven years). This finding gave rise to the performance of a prospective study. Methods: Sexual health was assessed with the Questionnaire for Sexual Dysfunctions (QSD), and a questionnaire assessing sexuality- and illness-related aspects, at

Grieteke Jonker-Pool; Harald J. Hoekstra; Mels F. van Driel; Heimen Schraffordt Koops; Eric L. P. van Sonderen; Harry B. M. van de Wiel

2003-01-01

93

Treatment outcome of secondary orgasmic dysfunction: A two- to six-year follow-up  

Microsoft Academic Search

Sixty-six women reporting secondary orgasmic dysfunction and their partners, who received one of five group treatment formats, were sent questionnaires 2–6 years later. Thirty-eight of the women and 38 of the male partners responded to the follow-up questionnaires. Women who were not divorced and who did not receive additional treatment after group treatment (n =28) showed consistent increases across time

Richard J. Milan; Peter R. Kilmann; Joseph P. Boland

1988-01-01

94

Sexual dysfunction in multiple sclerosis: a 2-year follow-up study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background and objective. Sexual dysfunction severely affects the quality of life of patients, but longitudinal studies of sexual function in multiple sclerosis are lacking. We performed a study on a group of patients with multiple sclerosis to evaluate the change in sexual function and to examine the relationship between sexual dysfunction and other clinical variables over time.Methods. A 2-year follow-up

M Zorzon; R Zivadinov; L Monti Bragadin; R Moretti; R De Masi; D Nasuelli; G Cazzato

2001-01-01

95

Two-Year Follow-Up of Bibliotherapy for Depression in Older Adults  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present study examined the long-term benefits of participation in a bibliotherapy program for depressed older adults. Thirty of the original 44 participants (68%) were assessed at approximately 2 years following treatment for clinician-rated and self-rated depression. There were no significant increases in either index suggesting that improvements were maintained. Follow-up questions revealed that most participants (77%) had not received

Forrest Scogin; Christine Jamison; Nancy Davis

1990-01-01

96

Five to Ten Years Follow-up after Coiling of 241 Patients with Acutely Ruptured Aneurysms  

PubMed Central

Summary Endovascular treatment has assumed a role of first choice in the management of ruptured intracranial aneurysms. We describe the clinical and morphological data after the treatment of 258 ruptured intracranial aneurysms in 241 patients, in order to evaluate the safety and the efficacy of the endovascular treatment. Two hundred and forty-one patients with saccular ruptured aneurysms were treated at our institution between 2000 and 2005. After the endovascular treatment a clinical and angiographic follow-up was conducted. The clinical follow-up was carried out with a medical examination and telephonic interviews and mRS was used for evaluation. Two hundred and forty-nine acutely ruptured aneurysms were successfully treated and immediately after the endovascular procedure 81.9% of the aneurysms resulted completely occluded, 12.1% had a residual neck and 6% revealed a residual sac. The evolution of each grade was evaluated at six months and two years. During the follow-up we observed five early and one late re-bleedings. Twenty-four patients underwent a second procedure. After the discharge and up to ten years 73.1% of patients had a good clinical outcome (mRS0-1), 8.9% died and the remainder showed moderate-severe disability (mRS2-3). The long-term stability of the anatomical result is a critical issue of this approach because eventual re-bleedings may occur even after several months or years. A careful clinical and radiological follow-up for up to two years after the embolization may prevent recurrences but may not be sufficient.

Consoli, A.; Renieri, L.; Mura, R.; Nappini, S.; Ricciardi, F.; Pecchioli, G.; Ammannati, F.; Mangiafico, S.

2012-01-01

97

Change in optic nerve head topography in healthy volunteers: an 11-year follow-up  

Microsoft Academic Search

AimTo study longitudinal changes in optic nerve head (ONH) topography in healthy volunteers.MethodsOne eye each of 36 healthy volunteers was prospectively followed for 11 (7–13) years with the Heidelberg Retina Tomograph I (HRT I). All eyes had normal visual fields, non-glaucomatous ONHs, no defects on red-free nerve fibre layer photographs and intraocular pressure (IOP) <22 mm Hg. During the follow-up,

Mika Harju; Leena Kurvinen; Jukka Saari; Eija Vesti

2010-01-01

98

Health factors and longevity in men and women: a 26-year follow-up study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Health factors have the power to prevent and postpone diseases and death; however, studies using the same methodology in both\\u000a men and women are sparse. We aimed to study the ability of health factors to prevent mortality in a population-based, 26-year\\u000a follow-up of Swedish men and women. During 1969–70, a health-screening programme was offered to a stratified sample of 3,064

Axel C. Carlsson; Holger Theobald; Per E. Wändell

2010-01-01

99

Working conditions and weight gain: a 28-year follow-up study of industrial employees  

Microsoft Academic Search

Longitudinal studies observing working conditions and weight gain are rare. We aimed to study whether weight gain can be predicted\\u000a by working conditions or changes in them in a 28-year follow-up. The study population consisted of working-aged industrial\\u000a employees (n = 449). Data on height and weight were collected in clinical examinations in 1973, 1983 and 2001, and information on working\\u000a conditions

Tea Lallukka; Sirpa Sarlio-Lähteenkorva; Leena Kaila-Kangas; Janne Pitkäniemi; Ritva Luukkonen; Päivi Leino-Arjas

2008-01-01

100

Patient education in type 2 diabetes—A randomized controlled 1-year follow-up study  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of the present study was to evaluate the impact of empowerment group education on type 2 diabetes patients’ confidence in diabetes knowledge, self-efficacy, satisfaction with daily life, BMI and glycaemic control compared with the impact of routine diabetes care on the same factors at a 1-year follow-up. In this randomized controlled trial, conducted at 7 primary care centres

Eva Thors Adolfsson; Marie-Louise Walker-Engström; Bibbi Smide; Karin Wikblad

2007-01-01

101

Five-year follow-up of patients with epidemic glomerulonephritis due to Streptococcus zooepidemicus  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background. In 1998 there was a large outbreak of acute glomerulonephritis in Nova Serrana, Brazil, caused by group C Streptococcus zooepidemicus. This study describes the follow-up of these patients, after a mean time of 5.4 years of the acute episode. Methods. Of 135 cases identified in 1998, 56 were re-examined in a prospective study and had mea- surements of blood

Ricardo Sesso; Sergio Wyton; L. Pinto

2005-01-01

102

Five-year clinical and angiographic follow-up after intracoronary iridium-192 radiation therapy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: Ionizing gamma radiation has been shown to reduce neointimal formation and the incidence of restenosis after balloon angioplasty and stenting in clinical trials. However, the long-term effects of this therapy are unknown. The first cohort of patients to receive intracoronary gamma radiation after balloon angioplasty for the prevention of restenosis have completed a 5-year angiographic and clinical follow-up. The

Jose A. Condado; Ron Waksman; Jorge F. Saucedo; Balram Bhargava; Alexandra J. Lansky; Carlos Calderas; Orlando Gurdiel; Juan Gonzalez; Merche Fadoul; Bogart Parra; Isabel Iturria; Bingen Amezaga

2002-01-01

103

Clinical Uroselectivity: A 3Year Follow-Up in General Practice  

Microsoft Academic Search

The objectives of this open-labeled study were to assess the clinical uroselectivity of alfuzosin in a long-term follow-up study in general practice. A total of 3,228 patients with clinical benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) from 812 centers were included in a prospective 3-year open-labeled study and treated with alfuzosin (immediate-release formulation) at the recommended dosage. Symptom score (Boyarsky, modified) and a

B. Lukacs; J. C. Grange; C. McCarthy; D. Comet

1998-01-01

104

Recurrence and follow-up after urinary tract infection under the age of 1 year  

Microsoft Academic Search

In order to analyze the risk factors for recurrence and the value of routine follow-up by monthly urine cultures in a group\\u000a of children who had their first episode of urinary tract infection (UTI) under 1 year of age, we performed a retrospective\\u000a survey of 262 children (134 girls, 128 boys) who were treated for their first UTI while aged

Matti Nuutinen; Matti Uhari

2001-01-01

105

A 28 year follow up of mortality among women who smoked during pregnancy  

Microsoft Academic Search

AbstractObjective: To investigate long term mortality among women who smoked during pregnancy and those who stopped smoking.Design: A follow up of a geographically defined cohort from 1966 through to 1993.Subjects: 11994 women in northern Finland expected to deliver in 1966, comprising 96% of all women giving birth in the area during that year. Smoking habits were recorded during pregnancy but

Paula Rantakallio; Esa Laara; Markku Koiranen

1995-01-01

106

Sudden Sensorineural Hearing Loss Increases the Risk of Stroke A 5Year Follow-Up Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background and Purpose—No previous study has investigated the incidence or risk of cerebrovascular diseases developing after the sudden sensorineural hearing loss (SSNHL). This study sets out to estimate the risk of stroke development among SSNHL patients during a 5e-year follow-up period after hospitalization for acute episodes of SSNHL. Methods—Our study design features a study cohort and a comparison cohort. The

Herng-Ching Lin; Pin-Zhir Chao; Hsin-Chien Lee

2010-01-01

107

Associations between Health-Related Behaviors: A 7Year Follow-up of Adults  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background. The study examines pairwise associations between smoking, alcohol use, physical activity, dietary behavior and body mass index using long-term follow-up data of Finnish adults.Methods. Respondents to large nationwide health behavior surveys conducted in 1989\\/1990 were recontacted in 1997. First, we examined whether each health behavior predicted other behaviors 7 years later. Second, we examined whether changes in each health

M. Laaksonen; R. Luoto; S. Helakorpi; A. Uutela

2002-01-01

108

Psychopathology and attrition in the Baltimore ECA 15-year follow-up 1981–1996  

Microsoft Academic Search

Predictors of non-response were investigated in a 15-year follow-up (1981–1996) of 3,481 individuals in a probability sample\\u000a from the household population of East Baltimore. Demographics (age, sex, race, education, marital status, and unemployment),\\u000a household factors (living arrangements, household income, household size, and number of children), cultural variables (ancestral\\u000a ethnicity and foreign language), social variables (social support and networks, committing felony,

M. A. Badawi; W. W. Eaton; J. Myllyluoma; L. G. Weimer; J. Gallo

1999-01-01

109

Follow-up study of ten-year-old boys with police records  

Microsoft Academic Search

A follow-up study was made of 207 boys who as ten-year-olds in 1948 had been the subjects of complaints to the Detroit police. Only 43 of this group had been in trouble with the police during 1950. The items recorded at the time of the first contact which proved predictive of repeating were (a) having 2 or more brothers, (b)

William W. Wattenberg; Frank Quiroz

1953-01-01

110

Distal tibiofibular synostosis after ankle fracture. A 14-year follow-up study.  

PubMed

Over an eight-year period up to 1983, a total of 322 consecutive patients had operations for ankle fractures; 176 were Weber type B and 128 type C. We were able to review 230 of these patients after a mean follow-up of six years (1 to 11) including 128 with Weber B and 102 with Weber C fractures. We used an ankle score which combined symptoms and clinical and radiological findings, with a maximum score of 100 points. The mean score for all 230 was 92 (68 to 100). Fifteen of these patients had developed a distal synostosis between the tibia and fibula, three after a Weber B and 12 after a Weber C fracture. In 13 of these 15 ankles the synostosis had been visible radiologically within three months of the operation. In the other two there had been radiologically visible calcification at the three-month follow-up. In 1993, we were able to review nine of the 15 patients with synostosis using the same scoring system. At a mean follow-up of 14 years (12 to 18) the mean score for those with synostosis was 91 (71 to 100), much the same as this group's previous score and the mean score of the whole group of operated patients. We conclude that distal tibiofibular synostosis after ankle fracture usually causes few symptoms and does not generally require any treatment. PMID:8666636

Albers, G H; de Kort, A F; Middendorf, P R; van Dijk, C N

1996-03-01

111

One-year follow-up of femtosecond laser-assisted penetrating keratoplasty  

PubMed Central

Background The purpose of this report is to describe the initial outcomes of femtosecond laser-assisted penetrating keratoplasty. Methods This retrospective surgical case series consisted of 10 eyes from 10 patients undergoing penetrating keratoplasty at a tertiary center. Femtosecond laser was used to perform a zig-square incision on the donor cornea with matched dimensions on the recipient cornea. Outcomes measured included: unaided visual acuity and best spectacle-corrected visual acuity preoperatively and at one, 3, 6, and 12 months postoperatively; manifest refractive and topographic astigmatism at 3, 6, and 12 months postoperatively; and endothelial cell density loss, calculated at the end of the one-year follow-up period. Results At one-year follow-up, there was an improvement in unaided visual acuity from a mean preoperative logMAR of 1.67 to 0.44, and best spectacle-corrected visual acuity from a mean preoperative logMAR of 1.33 to 0.13. By postoperative month 3, mean manifest refractive and topographic astigmatism was 2.31 ± 1.41 D and 2.59 ± 1.57 D, respectively. The mean reduction in endothelial cell density was 20.7% after one year of follow-up. Conclusion Femtosecond laser-assisted penetrating keratoplasty provided a good visual outcome and early visual rehabilitation due to precise graft-host alignment and reduced astigmatism in the early postoperative months.

Tan, Johnson Choon-Hwai; Heng, Wee-Jin

2013-01-01

112

One-year follow-up after multimodal inpatient treatment for cocaine and methamphetamine dependencies.  

PubMed

Of a randomly selected sample of 214 patients treated with aversion therapy for cocaine dependence in four chemical dependency units operated by Schick Shadel Hospitals, 156 were followed up 12 to 20 months posttreatment (average 15.2 months). Significant other validation was obtained in 33%. Total abstinence from cocaine for the group overall was 53% at one year post treatment, and current abstinence of at least 6 months at follow-up was 68.6%. Those treating with aversion for cocaine alone had a one-year abstinence of 39% and a current abstinence of 62.4%. Those treating with aversion for alcohol and cocaine had a one-year total abstinence from cocaine of 69% and a current abstinence of 76%. Those treating with aversion for cocaine and marijuana had a one-year total abstinence from cocaine of 50% and a current abstinence of 65%. Those treating with aversion for alcohol, cocaine, and marijuana had a one-year total abstinence from cocaine of 73% and a current abstinence of 73%. One-year total abstinence from alcohol was 54% for those receiving aversion for both alcohol and cocaine and 77% for those receiving aversion for alcohol, cocaine, and marijuana. Current abstinence from alcohol at follow-up was 68% and 81%, respectively. One-year total abstinence from marijuana was 42% for those treating with aversion for cocaine and marijuana and 64% for those treating with aversion for alcohol, cocaine, and marijuana. Current abstinence at follow-up from marijuana was 61% and 81%, respectively. The use of aversion therapy for both alcohol and cocaine in alcoholics who were also using cocaine was associated with higher total abstinence rates (88% vs. 55%) from cocaine when compared with alcoholics who used cocaine but received no aversion as part of their program. The conclusion is tentative since the follow-up rate in this study was lower than that of the previous study (64% vs. 84%). Being around other users accounted for 49% of relapse situations. Family/Work stress was associated with relapse in 33% of cases and unpleasant feelings in 24% of cases. The use of both reinforcement treatments and the use of support following treatment were associated with improved abstinence rates from cocaine. Those patients who reported losing all urges for cocaine after treatment had a total abstinence from cocaine of 90%, those who reported losing all the uncontrollable urges had a total abstinence of 64%, and those who reported still having the urge reported only 33% total abstinence from cocaine. PMID:1336066

Frawley, P J; Smith, J W

1992-01-01

113

Maintenance of recovery from schizophrenia at 20-year follow-up: what happened?  

PubMed

The present study reports longitudinal data on individuals who 20-years ago were fully recovered from previously diagnosed schizophrenia. Four subjects from the original sample consented and were interviewed at the present follow-up; data on two more subjects were secured elsewhere. A semistructured interview, the Positive and Negative Symptom Scale (PANSS) and Connor and Davidsons Resilience Scale (CD-RISC) were used to examine the psychosocial functioning and resilience of the subjects in the follow-up period. Out of the six subjects with a confirmed diagnosis of schizophrenia, two subjects were still fully recovered, one was recovered, one was in remission, one had a deteriorating course of illness, and one was deceased. The results indicate that full recovery was maintained for nearly half of the reexamined subjects when a criterion-based definition of full recovery is used. Good personality and attitudinal approaches (resilience) seem to play a role in sustaining recovery. PMID:20235619

Torgalsbøen, Anne-Kari; Rund, Bjørn Rishovd

2010-01-01

114

Treatment outcome of secondary orgasmic dysfunction: a two- to six-year follow-up.  

PubMed

Sixty-six women reporting secondary orgasmic dysfunction and their partners, who received one of five group treatment formats, were sent questionnaires 2-6 years later. Thirty-eight of the women and 38 of the male partners responded to the follow-up questionnaires. Women who were not divorced and who did not receive additional treatment after group treatment (n = 28) showed consistent increases across time in their ability to experience orgasm during intercourse, improving from a mean coital orgasmic frequency of 9.5% before treatment to 36.9% at long-term follow-up. Sexual harmony and coital frequency showed similar increases following treatment but had returned to near baseline levels 2-6 years later. Divorced women and women who received additional treatment (n = 10) demonstrated greater declines in sexual harmony over the follow-up period than did their untreated counterparts. The subjects reported generally favorable reactions to treatment and stressed the importance of a treatment focus on communication and relationship skills. Regression analyses suggested the predictive importance of variables associated with the male partner's functioning. The implications of the results for clinical practice and for future research are discussed. PMID:3223809

Milan, R J; Kilmann, P R; Boland, J P

1988-12-01

115

Coronary Artery Revascularization Evaluation--A Multicenter Registry With Seven Years of Follow-Up  

PubMed Central

Background Data from randomized clinical trials comparing coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) and percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) may not accurately reflect current clinical practice, in which there is off?label usage of drug?eluting stents (DES). We undertook a prospective registry of coronary revascularization by CABG on? and off?pump and PCI with bare?metal stents (BMSs), DESs, or percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA) to determine clinical outcomes. Methods and Results All patients undergoing isolated coronary revascularization in 8 community?based hospitals were enrolled. Final follow?up was obtained after 5 years by patient and/or physician contact and the Social Security Death Index. ST?elevation myocardial infarction and salvage patients were excluded. Five or more years of follow?up was obtained on 81.5% (3156) of the eligible patients—968 CABG patients (82.0%) and 2188 PCI patients (81.3%). Overall follow?up was 63.5±27.9 months (median, 79.7 months). The incidence of initial major adverse cardiac events (MACEs) at follow?up for CABG versus PCI was 29.2% versus 41.8% (P<0.001). Analysis of stent subgroups showed more events with BMSs (equivalent to PTCA alone) compared with DESs. All stents had more events than on? or off?pump CABG groups. Using propensity score–matched groups, the odds ratio for CABG to PCI was 0.69 (95% confidence interval [CI], 0.56 to 0.85; P<0.001) for mortality and 0.58 (95% CI, 0.45 to 0.75; P<0.001) for any MACE. Conclusions In the current era of DES and off?pump surgery, in a community hospital setting, comparable patients undergoing coronary revascularization appear to benefit from improved long?term survival and reduced MACE with CABG versus PCI.

Kurlansky, Paul; Herbert, Morley; Prince, Syma; Mack, Michael J.

2013-01-01

116

Three-Year Follow-Up of Syndromal Antisocial Behavior in Adults  

PubMed Central

Objective To present nationally representative findings on total antisocial personality disorder (ASPD) symptoms, major violations of others’ rights (MVOR), and violent symptoms over a 3-year follow-up in Wave 2 of the National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions among adults diagnosed at Wave 1 with ASPD versus syndromal adult antisocial behavior without conduct disorder before age 15 (AABS, not a codable DSM-IV disorder). Method Face-to-face interviews were conducted with 34,653 respondents 18 years and older. Antisocial syndromes and comorbid lifetime substance use, mood, and 6 additional personality disorders were diagnosed at Wave 1 using the Alcohol Use Disorder and Associated Disabilities Interview Schedule - DSM-IV Version. The Wave 2 Alcohol Use Disorder and Associated Disabilities Interview Schedule - DSM-IV Version assessed antisocial symptoms over follow-up, lifetime attention-deficit/hyperactivity (ADHD) and posttraumatic stress disorders, and borderline, narcissistic, and schizotypal personality disorders. Results In unadjusted analyses, respondents with ASPD reported significantly more total, MVOR, and violent symptoms over follow-up than respondents with AABS. Adjustment for baseline sociodemographics and psychiatric comorbidity attenuated these associations; after further adjustment for parallel antisocial symptom counts from age 15 to Wave 1, associations with antisocial syndromes disappeared. Independent Wave 1 predictors of persistent antisociality over follow-up included male sex, not being married or cohabiting, low income, high school or less education, and lifetime drug use disorders, additional personality disorders, and ADHD. Conclusions The distinction between ASPD and AABS holds limited value in predicting short-term course of antisocial symptomatology among adults. However, the prediction of persistent antisociality by psychiatric comorbidity argues for comprehensive diagnostic assessments, treatment of all identified disorders, and investigation of whether treatment of comorbidity might hasten remission of antisociality.

Goldstein, Rise B.; Grant, Bridget F.

2008-01-01

117

A forty-five year follow-up EEG study of Qigong practice.  

PubMed

A follow-up EEG study was conducted on a subject with 50 years of experiences in Qigong. Resting EEG at present showed frontally dominant alpha-1 as compared to occipitally dominant alpha-2 described in 1962. During the Qigong practice alph-1 enhanced quickly and became far more prominent than 50 years ago. Compared with baseline, these activities remained to be higher at rest after the Qigong practice. These results suggest that extended practice in meditation may change the EEG pattern and its underlying neurophysiology. It remains to be explored as to what biological significance and clinical relevance do these physiological changes might mean. PMID:19229721

Qin, Zhen; Jin, Yi; Lin, Shin; Hermanowicz, Neal S

2009-01-01

118

Non-syndrome patient with bilateral supernumerary teeth: Case report and 9-year follow-up  

PubMed Central

The presence of supernumerary teeth, also known as hyperdontia, is the condition of having teeth in addition to the regular number of teeth. The occurrence of multiple supernumerary teeth is often found in association with syndromes such as Gardner syndrome, Anderson-Fabry disease, Ellis-van Creveld syndrome, Ehlers-Danlos syndrome, incontinentia pigmenti, and Tricho-rhino-phalangeal syndrome. Only a few examples of nonsyndromic multiple supernumerary teeth have been reported in literature. In this report, we present the unusual case and 9-year follow up of a non-syndrome female patient with bilateral supernumerary teeth that occurred with an interval of several years.

Akgun, Ozlem Marti; Sabuncuoglu, Fidan; Altug, Ayberk; Altun, Ceyhan

2013-01-01

119

Dilated cardiomyopathy and successful cardiac transplantation in Becker's muscular distrophy. Follow-up after two years.  

PubMed

A 23 year-old man with x-linked Becker type muscular distrophy underwent cardiac transplantation because of dilated cardiomyopathy complicated by terminal heart failure. The muscular functional impairment was mild and slowly progressive, whereas the cardiac disease was severe and rapidly progressive. The ventricular cavities of the explanted heart were hugely dilated and the left ventricular wall thickness was moderately increased. Microscopically, a diffuse hypertrophy of the myocardial fibers and a widespread interstitial collagenous fibrosis were present. At a follow-up, two years after treatment, the patient is alive and fairly well; the degree of his muscular disability is substantially unchanged. PMID:3069541

Casazza, F; Brambilla, G; Salvato, A; Morandi, L; Gronda, E; Bonacina, E

1988-09-01

120

Virtual reality cognitive-behavior therapy for public speaking anxiety: one-year follow-up.  

PubMed

Public speaking anxiety (PSA) is a common social phobia. Although cognitive-behavior therapy (CBT) is the treatment of choice, difficulties arise with both in vivo and in vitro exposure (lack of therapist control, patient's inability to imagine, self-flooding, and a lack of confidentiality resulting from public exposure). Virtual reality CBT (VRCBT) enables a high degree of therapist control, thus overcoming these difficulties. In a previous publication, the authors reported on their findings that VRCBT (n = 28) and CBT (n = 30) groups were significantly more effective than a wait-list control (WLC; n = 30) group in anxiety reduction on four of five anxiety measures as well as on participant's self-rating of anxiety during a behavioral task. No significant differences were found between VRCBT and CBT. However, twice as many clients dropped out of CBT (15) than from VRCBT (6). Results demonstrated that VRCBT is an effective and brief treatment regimen, equal to CBT. This brief report examined durability of these changes. They found that both VRCBT (25) and CBT (24) groups maintained their improvement from post treatment to follow-up, on all five measures. In addition, they found that the CBT group continued to improve from post treatment to follow-up on Liebowitz Social Anxiety Scale (LSAS) fear. Thus, treatment gains were maintained at a 1-year follow-up. PMID:22180390

Safir, Marilyn P; Wallach, Helene S; Bar-Zvi, Margalit

2011-12-15

121

Ten-year follow-up of endovascular aneurysm treatment with Talent stent-grafts.  

PubMed

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the clinical results, complications, and secondary interventions during long-term follow-up after endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) and to investigate the impact of endoleak sizes on aneurysm shrinkage. From 1997 to March 2007, 127 patients (12 female, 115 male; age, 73.0 +/- 7.2 years) with abdominal aortic aneurysms were treated with Talent stent-grafts. Follow-up included clinical visits, contrast-enhanced MDCT, and radiographs at 3, 6, and 12 months and then annually. Results were analyzed with respect to clinical outcome, secondary interventions, endoleak rate and management, and change in aneurysm size. There was no need for primary conversion surgery. Thirty-day mortality was 1.6% (two myocardial infarctions). Procedure-related morbidity was 2.4% (paraplegia, partial infarction of one kidney, and inguinal bleeding requiring surgery). Mean follow-up was 47.7 +/- 34.2 months (range, 0-123 months). Thirty-nine patients died during follow-up; three of the deaths were related to aneurysm (aneurysm rupture due to endoleak, n = 1; secondary surgical reintervention n = 2). During follow-up, a total of 29 secondary procedures were performed in 19 patients, including 14 percutaneous procedures (10 patients) and 15 surgical procedures (12 patients), including 4 cases with late conversion to open aortic repair (stent-graft infection, n = 1; migration, endoleak, or endotension, n = 3). Overall mean survival was 84.5 +/- 4.7 months. Mean survival and freedom from any event was 66.7 +/- 4.5 months. MRI depicted significantly more endoleaks compared to MDCT (23.5% vs. 14.3%; P < 0.01). Patients in whom all aneurysm side branches were occluded prior to stent-grafting showed a significantly reduced incidence of large endoleaks. Endoleaks >10% of the aneurysm area were associated with reduced aneurysm shrinkage compared to no endoleaks or <10% endoleaks (Delta at 3 years, -1.8% vs. -12.0%; P < 0.05). In conclusion, endovascular aneurysm treatment with Talent stent-grafts demonstrated encouraging long-term results with moderate secondary intervention rates. Primary occlusion of all aortic side branches reduced the incidence of large endoleaks. Large endoleaks significantly impaired aneurysm shrinkage, whereas small endoleaks did not. PMID:19636615

Pitton, Michael B; Scheschkowski, Tobias; Ring, Markus; Herber, Sascha; Oberholzer, Katja; Leicher-Düber, Annegret; Neufang, Achim; Schmiedt, Walther; Düber, Christoph

2009-07-28

122

Ten-Year Follow-Up of Endovascular Aneurysm Treatment with Talent Stent-Grafts  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the clinical results, complications, and secondary interventions during long-term follow-up after endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) and to investigate the impact of endoleak sizes on aneurysm shrinkage. From 1997 to March 2007, 127 patients (12 female, 115 male; age, 73.0 {+-} 7.2 years) with abdominal aortic aneurysms were treated with Talent stent-grafts. Follow-up included clinical visits, contrast-enhanced MDCT, and radiographs at 3, 6, and 12 months and then annually. Results were analyzed with respect to clinical outcome, secondary interventions, endoleak rate and management, and change in aneurysm size. There was no need for primary conversion surgery. Thirty-day mortality was 1.6% (two myocardial infarctions). Procedure-related morbidity was 2.4% (paraplegia, partial infarction of one kidney, and inguinal bleeding requiring surgery). Mean follow-up was 47.7 {+-} 34.2 months (range, 0-123 months). Thirty-nine patients died during follow-up; three of the deaths were related to aneurysm (aneurysm rupture due to endoleak, n = 1; secondary surgical reintervention n = 2). During follow-up, a total of 29 secondary procedures were performed in 19 patients, including 14 percutaneous procedures (10 patients) and 15 surgical procedures (12 patients), including 4 cases with late conversion to open aortic repair (stent-graft infection, n = 1; migration, endoleak, or endotension, n = 3). Overall mean survival was 84.5 {+-} 4.7 months. Mean survival and freedom from any event was 66.7 {+-} 4.5 months. MRI depicted significantly more endoleaks compared to MDCT (23.5% vs. 14.3%; P < 0.01). Patients in whom all aneurysm side branches were occluded prior to stent-grafting showed a significantly reduced incidence of large endoleaks. Endoleaks >10% of the aneurysm area were associated with reduced aneurysm shrinkage compared to no endoleaks or <10% endoleaks ({Delta} at 3 years, -1.8% vs. -12.0%; P < 0.05). In conclusion, endovascular aneurysm treatment with Talent stent-grafts demonstrated encouraging long-term results with moderate secondary intervention rates. Primary occlusion of all aortic side branches reduced the incidence of large endoleaks. Large endoleaks significantly impaired aneurysm shrinkage, whereas small endoleaks did not.

Pitton, Michael B., E-mail: pitton@radiologie.klinik.uni-mainz.de; Scheschkowski, Tobias; Ring, Markus; Herber, Sascha; Oberholzer, Katja; Leicher-Dueber, Annegret [University Hospital of Mainz, Johannes Gutenberg University of Mainz, Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology (Germany); Neufang, Achim; Schmiedt, Walther [University Hospital of Mainz, Johannes Gutenberg University of Mainz, Department of Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery (Germany); Dueber, Christoph [University Hospital of Mainz, Johannes Gutenberg University of Mainz, Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology (Germany)

2009-09-15

123

Risk factors for persistence of asthma in children: 10-year follow-up.  

PubMed

Abstract Objective: Risk factors related to the outcome of childhood asthma are not yet well established. We aimed to investigate the long-term outcome for children with asthma to determine the risk factors in predicting persistence of disease. Methods: Sixty-two children with asthma were evaluated retrospectively at the end of a 10-year follow-up. Patients were asked to complete a questionnaire requesting clinical information, and underwent physical examination, skin prick testing, a pulmonary function test and bronchial provocation testing. Immunologic parameters evaluated were allergen-specific IgE and IgG4 levels, and allergen-induced generation of CD4(+)CD25(+) cells. Results: Mean age at final assessment was 15.9?±?3.6 years, and duration of follow-up was 10.30?±?1.27 years. Fifty percent of patients outgrew their asthma during the 10-year follow-up period. All the non-atopic patients outgrew their disease during the study period, whereas 67% of atopic patients did not. We identified two risk factors independently related to the persistence of symptoms: presence of bronchial hyper-responsiveness and presence of rhinitis. Atopic children who were in remission demonstrated significantly higher allergen-induced CD4(+)CD25(+) T cells compared to healthy controls. Conclusions: Atopy, presence of rhinitis, positive and presence of bronchial hyper-reactivity are important risk factors for the persistence of asthma in children. Allergen-induced CD4(+)CD25(+) T cells were higher in the atopic children who outgrew their disease, implicating an immunological mechanism of asthma remission in children. PMID:23919566

Aydogan, Metin; Ozen, Ahmet; Akkoc, Tunc; Eifan, Aarif O; Aktas, Esin; Deniz, Gunnur; Gocmen, Izlem; Bahceciler, Nerin N; Barlan, Isil

2013-09-18

124

Postoperative Complications in the Tube Versus Trabeculectomy (TVT) Study During Five Years of Follow-up  

PubMed Central

Purpose To describe postoperative complications encountered in the Tube Versus Trabeculectomy (TVT) Study during 5 years of follow-up. Design Multicenter randomized clinical trial. Methods Settings Seventeen clinical centers. Study Population Patients 18 to 85 years of age who had previous trabeculectomy and/or cataract extraction with intraocular lens implantation and uncontrolled glaucoma with intraocular pressure (IOP) ?18 mm Hg and ?40 mm Hg on maximum tolerated medical therapy. Interventions Tube shunt (350-mm2 Baerveldt glaucoma implant) or trabeculectomy with mitomycin C (MMC 0.4 mg/mL for 4 minutes). Main Outcome Measures Surgical complications, reoperations for complications, visual acuity, and cataract progression. Results Early postoperative complications occurred in 22 patients (21%) in the tube group and 39 patients (37%) in the trabeculectomy group (P = .012). Late postoperative complications developed in 36 patients (34%) in the tube group and 38 patients (36%) in the trabeculectomy group during 5 years of follow-up (P = .81). The rate of reoperation for complications was 22% in the tube group and 18% in the trabeculectomy group (P = .29). Cataract extraction was performed in 13 phakic eyes (54%) in the tube group and 9 phakic eyes (43%) in the trabeculectomy group (P = .43). Conclusions A large number of surgical complications were observed in the TVT Study, but most were transient and self-limited. The incidence of early postoperative complications was higher following trabeculectomy with MMC than tube shunt surgery. The rates of late postoperative complications, reoperation for complications, and cataract extraction were similar with both surgical procedures after 5 years of follow-up.

Gedde, Steven J.; Herndon, Leon W.; Brandt, James D.; Budenz, Donald L.; Feuer, William J.; Schiffman, Joyce C.

2013-01-01

125

Graft fibrosis after pediatric liver transplantation: ten years of follow-up.  

PubMed

Previously we reported the presence of portal fibrosis in 31% (n = 84) of the grafts in protocol biopsies 1 year after pediatric liver transplantation (LTx). To assess the natural history of graft fibrosis after pediatric liver transplantation, we extended the analysis of graft histology in follow-up protocol biopsy specimens obtained 5 and 10 years after transplantation. We correlated histological results with clinical parameters at the time of LTx and during follow-up, to allow identification of risk factors for the development of fibrosis. From 1 year to 5 years after LTx, the prevalence of fibrosis increased from 31% to 65% (n = 66) but remained stable thereafter (at 10 years, 69%, n = 55). At 10 years after LTx, however, the percentage of patients with severe fibrosis had increased from 10% (at 5 years) to 29%. Of the 69% of children without fibrosis at 1 year post-transplantation, 64% (n = 39) had developed some degree of fibrosis at 10 years. Fibrosis was strongly related to transplant-related factors such as prolonged cold ischemia time, young age at the time of transplantation, high donor/recipient age ratio, and the use of partial grafts (P < 0.05). Fibrosis was not significantly related to rejection, chronic hepatitis, or the nature of the immunosuppressive therapy. Conclusion: Biopsies after pediatric LTx show that most grafts developed fibrosis within 5 years. At 10 years after LTx, the graft fibrosis had progressed to severe fibrosis in at least 25% of the patients. Development of fibrosis, starting either before or after the first year post-LTx, was strongly related to transplant-related factors, indicating the importance of these factors to long-term graft prognosis. PMID:19101912

Scheenstra, Rene; Peeters, Paul M G J; Verkade, Henkjan J; Gouw, Annette S H

2009-03-01

126

Plasma catecholamines: follow-up on 10-year study in health and cardiovascular disease  

PubMed Central

The predictive value of blood pressure (BP), heart rate (HR), and catecholamines in terms of any subsequent development of cardiovascular disease was investigated. Systolic (S) and diastolic (D) BP, HR, epinephrine (E) and norepinephrine (NE) were measured three times a year in 1980, 1984, and 1989 on 20 clinically healthy subjects, 18 patients with ‘essential hypertension’, and 22 patients with angina pectoris. Of the 22 patients in the latter group, 15 died during a 2-year follow-up (1990–1991). Each individual data series was analyzed by single cosinor to assess the circannual variation. Results were summarized by population-mean cosinor for each group. Parameter tests were used to compare the circannual rhythm characteristics among the different patient groups. A circannual rhythm was invariably demonstrated on a group basis (P < 0.05). Differences in MESOR and/or circannual amplitude were found among the different groups. In particular, patients with angina pectoris who will die within the 2-year follow-up differ in terms of their E and NE from all other patient groups, a difference already detected at the beginning of the study, more than 10 years before they die. A similar separation is not achieved in terms of BP or HR.

Prikryl, P.; Cornelissen, G.; Otsuka, K.; Halberg, F.

2008-01-01

127

Comparative Evaluation of Gingival Depigmentation using Tetrafluoroethane Cryosurgery and Gingival Abrasion Technique: Two Years Follow Up  

PubMed Central

Objective: A comparative evaluation of the gingival depigmentation by using Tetrafluoroethane cryosurgery and the gingival abrasion technique – 2 years of follow up. Material and Methods: Ten systemically healthy patients who were aged 18 to 36 years were selected for the study. Tetrafluoroethane was used for the cryosurgical depigmentation and the gingival abrasion technique used a coarse flame shaped bur. The presence or absence of pigmentation was tabulated, based on the GPI (Gingival Pigmentation Index). For the statistical analysis, Freidman’s test was used. Results: The keratinization was completed within a week after the application of the cryogen and about 10 days after the gingival abrasion technique was done. The statistical analysis which was done after 90th, 180th days and 2 years. The p-value which was obtained (p<.001) showed the superiority of cryosurgery over the gingival abrasion. During the follow up period, no side effects were seen for both the techniques and the improved aesthetics was maintained upto 2 years. Conclusion: The use of cryogen Tetrafluoroethane is easy, practical and inexpensive as compared to gingival abrasion, due to its high rate of recurrence. Hence, it is more acceptable to the patients and the operator. Further studies are needed to assess the long term effectiveness of the cryosurgical method of depigmentation.

Kumar, Santhosh; Bhat, G. Subraya; Bhat, K. Mahalinga

2013-01-01

128

Cariogram validity in schoolchildren: a two-year follow-up study.  

PubMed

The validity of Cariogram in relation to caries increment over a 2-year period was evaluated. In 2007, the caries risk profile in a group of Sardinian schoolchildren (957) aged 7-9 years was assessed using the Cariogram software. A re-examination using the same criteria was performed 2 years later on 861 individuals from the original sample (drop-out 10.0%). The possible correlated variables were analyzed using the principal component analysis (PCA). The performances of Cariogram in predicting caries increment were evaluated by receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis. At follow-up examination, 54.4% of the sample had developed new carious lesions (mean DFS 1.6, 95% CI 1.5-1.8). The mean caries increment (?DFS) was 0.5, 95% CI 0.4-0.5. PCA showed that Cariogram, gingival status and dietary sugar frequency, both at baseline and at follow-up, tend to form a separate cluster (goodness of fit ?0.75). Sensitivity and specificity measured by ROC analysis were 0.83 and 0.85, respectively, so the gain in certainty was 1.68, while the area under the ROC curve was 0.93. A strong correlation between caries risk profiles at baseline and caries incidence in the permanent teeth after 2 years was found. The validity of Cariogram was confirmed, the software fulfilling the criteria for a good risk assessment model: precision, accuracy and ease of use. PMID:22222621

Campus, G; Cagetti, M G; Sale, S; Carta, G; Lingström, P

2012-01-04

129

Controlled trial of antituberculous chemotherapy in Crohn's disease: a five year follow up study  

PubMed Central

Background—It has been suggested that Mycobacterium paratuberculosis is the cause of Crohn's disease. In a previous report the immediate effect of two years treatment with antituberculous chemotherapy showed no clinical benefit. ?Aims—To assess both the immediate and longer term effect of treatment on the disease. ?Methods—Patients were followed for five years from their date of entry to the study. One hundred and thirty patients entered the initial study, and of these 111 (81%) were followed regularly. ?Results—Overall, there was no evidence of consistent benefit or disadvantage from antituberculous chemotherapy in any of the assessments made, including the number of acute relapses, surgical episodes, hospital admissions, disease activity, blood tests, or medication required for Crohn's disease during the follow up period. ?Conclusion—The absence of any benefit at the end of the initial two year trial period, and during the three year subsequent follow up, fails to support the hypothesis that mycobacteria play an important part in the pathogenesis of Crohn's disease, or that antituberculous chemotherapy may be of benefit. ?? Keywords: Crohn's disease; mycobacteria; antituberculus chemotherapy

Thomas, G; Swift, G; Green, J; Newcombe, R; Braniff-Mathews, C; Rhodes, J; Wilkinson, S; Strohmeyer, G; Kreuzpainter, G

1998-01-01

130

Australian Aboriginal Birth Cohort study: follow-up processes at 20 years  

PubMed Central

Background In 1987, a prospective study of an Australian Aboriginal Birth Cohort was established focusing on the relationships of fetal and childhood growth with the risk of chronic adult disease. However as the study is being conducted in a highly marginalized population it is also an important resource for cross-sectional descriptive and analytical studies. The aim of this paper is to describe the processes of the third follow up which was conducted 20 years after recruitment at birth. Methods Progressive steps in a multiphase protocol were used for tracing, with modifications for the expected rural or urban location of the participants. Results Of the original 686 cohort participants recruited 68 were untraced and 27 were known to have died. Of the 591 available for examination 122 were not examined; 11 of these were refusals and the remainder were not seen for logistical reasons relating to inclement weather, mobility of participants and single participants living in very remote locations. Conclusion The high retention rate of this follow-up 20 years after birth recruitment is a testament to the development of successful multiphase protocols aimed at overcoming the challenges of tracing a cohort over a widespread remote area and also to the perseverance of the study personnel. We also interpret the high retention rate as a reflection of the good will of the wider Aboriginal community towards this study and that researchers interactions with the community were positive. The continued follow-up of this life course study now seems feasible and there are plans to trace and reexamine the cohort at age 25 years.

2009-01-01

131

Weight loss and incident dementia in elderly Yoruba Nigerians: a 10-year follow up study  

PubMed Central

Background The relationship between weight and dementia risk has not been investigated in populations with relatively low body mass index (BMI) such as the Yoruba. This study set out to achieve this objective using a prospective observational design. Methods The setting was Idikan Ward in Ibadan City, Nigeria. The participants were all aged 65 years or older and were enrolled in the Indianapolis-Ibadan Dementia Project. Repeated cognitive assessments and clinical evaluations were conducted to identify participants with dementia or MCI during 10 years of follow-up (mean duration: 5.97 years). BMI measures, information on alcohol, smoking history, cancer, hypertension, diabetes, heart attack, stroke and depression were collected at each follow-up evaluation. Mixed effect models adjusted for covariates were used to examine the differences in BMI among participants who developed dementia or MCI and those who remained cognitively normal during the follow-up. Results This analysis included 1559 participants who had no dementia at their first BMI measurements. There were 136 subjects with incident dementia, 255 with MCI and 1168 with normal cognition by the end of the study. The mean BMI at baseline was higher for female participants (22.31; SD = 4.39) than for male (21.09; SD = 3.61, p < 0.001). A significantly greater decline in BMI was found in those with either incident dementia (p < 0.001) or incident MCI (p < 0.001) compared to normal subjects. Conclusion Decline in BMI is associated with incident MCI and dementia in elderly Yoruba. This observation calls for close monitoring of weight loss in elderly individuals which may indicate future cognitive impairment for timely detection and tailored interventions.

Ogunniyi, Adesola; Gao, Su; Unverzagt, Frederick W.; Baiyewu, Olusegun; Gureje, Oyewusi; Nguyen, James Tat; Smith-Gamble, Valerie; Murrell, Jill R.; Hake, Ann M.; Hall, Kathleen S.; Hendrie, Hugh C.

2010-01-01

132

Yersinia enterocolitica arthritis in southern Sweden: a four-year follow-up study.  

PubMed Central

Thirty-eight cases of suspected yersinia arthritis occurring in southern Sweden in 1975-6 were reviewed four to five years later. In 31 cases the diagnosis was confirmed. At follow-up three of the patients had definite ankylosing spondylitis, three radiologically confirmed sacroiliitis, three extensor tenosynovitis, five isolated articular joint disease, and 10 localised arthralgias; one patient had developed seropositive rheumatoid arthritis. Only six of the 31 patients were free of joint symptoms. These results suggest that although the acute symptoms of yersinia arthritis disappear within 12 months, the long-term prognosis may be less favourable than previously thought.

Marsal, L; Winblad, S; Wollheim, F A

1981-01-01

133

Tessier number 4 bilateral orbito-facial cleft: a 26-year follow-up.  

PubMed

Orbito-facial number 4 clefts are the rarest craniofacial clefts and only a few cases have been reported. We report a case of a complete bilateral Tessier number 4 cleft, and our approach to surgical correction. We analyse the patient's treatment plan over a 26-year follow-up period. We comment on the age at which the first surgical procedure is commonly performed with or without a primary bone graft, as well as the use of the facial plasty technique with interdigitating Z-plasty flaps and rotation-transposition flaps. Closure of the cleft can constitute an emergency when the patient's globe is exposed. PMID:19586777

Laure, Boris; Picard, Arnaud; Bonin-Goga, Béatrice; Letouze, Anne; Petraud, Anaïs; Goga, Dominique

2009-07-08

134

SECCA® Procedure for the Treatment of Fecal Incontinence: Results of Five-Year Follow-Up  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose  This study evaluated the long-term (5-year) durability of radiofrequency energy delivery for fecal incontinence.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Methods  This was an extension of the follow-up from our original prospective study in which patients who suffered from fecal incontinence\\u000a were treated with the SECCA® system for radiofrequency energy delivery to the anal canal muscle. The Cleveland Clinic Florida\\u000a Fecal Incontinence Scale (0–20), fecal incontinence-related quality

Takeshi Takahashi-Monroy; Martin Morales; Sandra Garcia-Osogobio; Miguel A. Valdovinos; Carlos Belmonte; Camilo Barreto; Xeily Zarate; Orlando Bada; Liliana Velasco

2008-01-01

135

Stent revascularization for atherosclerotic renal artery stenosis. 1-year clinical follow-up.  

PubMed Central

Patients who had undergone stent revascularization of renal artery stenosis for poorly controlled hypertension, preservation of renal function, or both were monitored to assess the procedure's effect upon subsequent renal function and blood pressure control. At 1-year follow-up, systolic and diastolic blood pressures had significantly decreased (166 +/- 26 to 156 +/- 25 mmHg and 86 +/- 14 to 80 +/- 13 mmHg, respectively; P < 0.05), and creatinine levels decreased or remained stable in approximately two thirds of the patients. Renal artery stent revascularization appears to have a beneficial effect upon blood pressure control and a nondeleterious effect upon renal function in the majority of patients.

Dorros, G; Jaff, M R; Mathiak, L; Dorros, I I; Lowe, A; Murphy, K; He, T

1998-01-01

136

Research in child psychoanalysis: twenty-five-year follow-up of a severely disturbed child.  

PubMed

In an era of managed care, psychoanalytic treatment of children is under fire as critics question whether the evidence of success in child analysis is sufficiently robust to warrant the large commitment of time and money required for this treatment. This article chronicles the history and current state of research at the Anna Freud Centre, and describes the evolution of a database that has methodically recorded and systematically organized data from over 750 cases of children referred to the Centre over a forty-five-year period. Analysis of this database has determined what kinds of childhood disorders are best treated with intensive psychoanalysis, and what kinds do not respond to this form of treatment. A long-term follow-up of a small sample of these childreen suggests the kinds of long-term benefits that can be gained when an individual is treated with intensive psychoanalysis as a child. As an example, clinical material from the analysis of an eight-year-old is presented along with follow-up interview data twenty-five years later. PMID:19724072

Tyson, Phyllis

2009-08-01

137

Coronary bypass for acute rest angina. 10 year follow-up.  

PubMed Central

We followed up for 6.5 to 10.3 years 100 consecutive patients who had had coronary bypasses (1.8 per person) for acute angina at rest. There was a mean of 2.1 coronary stenoses per person. Mortality rates were 1.4% per postoperative year, or 2.2 times that of normal subjects of the same age. Angina was usually satisfactorily relieved but severe recurrences, mainly from late graft closure, required reoperation in 20 patients. Life style has been preserved; and 91 resumed work, with 52 at an average age of 61 years continuing to work eight years later. Better results that these may be obtained from the improved diagnostic and therapeutic methods of the 1980's.

Rogers, W R; Wysham, D N

1982-01-01

138

Increasing calorie consumption in children with cystic fibrosis: replication with 2-year follow-up.  

PubMed Central

Three mildly malnourished children with cystic fibrosis and their parents participated in a behavioral group-treatment program that focused on promoting and maintaining increased calorie consumption. Treatment included nutritional education, gradually increasing calorie goals, contingency management, and relaxation training, and was evaluated in a multiple baseline design across four meals. Children's calorie intake increased across meals, and total calorie intake was 32% to 60% above baseline at posttreatment. Increased calorie consumption was maintained at the 96-week follow-up (2 years posttreatment). The children's growth rates in weight and height were greater during the 2 years following treatment than the year prior to treatment. Increases in pace of eating and calories consumed per minute were also observed 1 year posttreatment. These findings replicated and extended earlier research supporting the efficacy of behavioral intervention in the treatment of malnutrition in children with cystic fibrosis. Images Figure 3

Stark, L J; Knapp, L G; Bowen, A M; Powers, S W; Jelalian, E; Evans, S; Passero, M A; Mulvihill, M M; Hovell, M

1993-01-01

139

Lung function in fire fighters, I: a three year follow-up of active subjects.  

PubMed Central

From a cohort of 1,768 Boston fire fighters studied initially in 1970, pulmonary function measurements were repeated on 1, 146 active subjects in 1974. The mean time between examinations was 3.4 years. The data on 1,430 subjects after one year of follow-up had indicated excessive decrements in levels of forced vital capacity and one-second forced expiratory bolume which were related to the frequency of fire exposure. The annual decline over three years was less than that observed over one year and could not be related to the number of fires fought or to other indices of acute fire exposure. Selection factors within the fire department appear to be important in protecting fire fighter from continued loss ventilatory capacity.

Musk, A W; Peters, J M; Wegman, D H

1977-01-01

140

Characteristics of DUI recidivists: a 12-year follow-up study of first time DUI offenders.  

PubMed

77 individuals convicted of a drinking and driving (DUI) offense were screened for recidivism approximately 12 years following their first offense. At the time of the initial DUI conviction, participants were administered the MAST and the MMPI-2. Participants' drinking history and driving history and arrest at the time of screening and at a 12-year follow-up were also reviewed. The results indicate that, among DUI recidivists, on average 6 years elapsed between their first and second DUI offenses. Driving history prior to the first DUI offense was predictive of later recidivism. The only significant finding from the MAST and MMPI results was that repeat offenders tended to have higher scores on the L and K validity scales of the MMPI. These results are discussed in the context of Jessor's Problem-Behavior Theory and as well their clinical implications for screening and treatment decisions involving first time DUI offenders. PMID:16876960

Cavaiola, Alan A; Strohmetz, David B; Abreo, Sandra D

2006-07-28

141

Autotransplantation of a mandibular third molar: a case report with 5 years of follow-up.  

PubMed

This paper describes the autologous transplantation of a mandibular right third molar to replace the residual roots of the second molar in the same quadrant, preserving function and aesthetics. A 5-year clinical and radiographic follow-up was undertaken. After transplantation, the donor tooth received endodontic treatment and placement of calcium hydroxide, which was periodically replaced every 3 months until the filling of the root canals, totalizing a period of 1-year, when apical closure was confirmed. The tooth was in perfect functional and aesthetic conditions 5 years after beginning of treatment. Autotransplantation is a feasible option for replacing missing teeth when a donor tooth is available. The autotransplantation of a right mandibular third molar with compromised function and aesthetics to replace the residual roots resulting from coronal destruction due to extensive carious lesion of the second molar in the same quadrant was a viable treatment alternative. PMID:23969922

Chagas e Silva, Mauro Henrique; Lacerda, Mariane Floriano Lopes Santos; Chaves, Maria das Graças Afonso Miranda; Campos, Celso Neiva

142

Transcendental meditation verus muscle relaxation: two-year follow-up of a controlled experiment.  

PubMed

In this questionnaire survey the authors measured the outcome among 20 students randomly assigned to muscle relaxation training and 19 assigned to transcendental mediatation at one year (the number of respondents in each group was 13 and 16, respectively) and two and one-half years (the number of respondents was 18 and 17, respectively). At both follow-ups there were no differences between the groups in frequency of practice or satisfaction. In both groups, less than 25% reported more than moderate satisfaction, and less than 20% practices as mush as once per week. Subjects' expectancies at nine weeks predicted their satisfaction and frequency of practice at two and on-half years. The authors conclude that although some subjects (15%-20%) to enjoy and continue to practice transcendental meditation, it is not universally beneficial. PMID:6998304

Zuroff, D C; Schwarz, J C

1980-10-01

143

Predictors of Attendance and Dropout at the Lung Health Study 11-Year Follow-Up  

PubMed Central

Participant attrition and attendance at follow-up were examined in a multicenter, randomized, clinical trial. The Lung Health Study (LHS) enrolled a total of 5, 887 adults to examine the impact of smoking cessation coupled with the use of an inhaled bronchodilator on chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Of the initial LHS 1 volunteers still living at the time of enrolment in LHS 3 (5,332), 4,457 (84%) attended the LHS 3 clinic visit, a follow-up session to determine current smoking status and lung function. The average period between the beginning of LHS 1 and baseline interview for LHS 3 was 11 years. In univariate analyses, attenders were older, more likely female, more likely to be married, smoked fewer cigarettes per day, and were more likely to have children who smoked at the start of LHS 1 than non-attenders. Attenders were also less likely to experience respiratory symptoms, such as cough, but had decreased baseline lung function compared with non-attenders. Volunteers recruited via mass mailing were more likely to attend the long-term follow-up visit. Those recruited by public site, worksite, or referral methods were less likely to attend. In multivariate models, age, gender, cigarettes smoked per day, married status, and whether participants’ children smoked were identified as significant predictors of attendance versus non-attendance at LHS 3 using stepwise logistic regression. Treatment condition (smoking intervention or usual care) was not a significant predictor of attendance at LHS 3. Older females who smoked less heavily were most likely to participate. These findings may be applied to improve participant recruitment and retention in future clinical trials.

Snow, Wanda M.; Connett, John E.; Sharma, Shweta; Murray, Robert P.

2006-01-01

144

Vertebral Augmentation with Nitinol Endoprosthesis: Clinical Experience in 40 Patients with 1-Year Follow-up.  

PubMed

PURPOSE: This study was designed to assess the clinical outcomes of patients treated by vertebral augmentation with nitinol endoprosthesis (VNE) to treat painful vertebral compression fractures. METHODS: Forty patients with one or more painful osteoporotic VCF, confirmed by MRI and accompanied by back-pain unresponsive to a minimum 2 months of conservative medical treatment, underwent VNE at 42 levels. Preoperative and postoperative pain measured with Visual Analog Scale (VAS), disability measured by Oswestry Disability Index (ODI), and vertebral height restoration (measured with 2-dimensional reconstruction CT) were compared at last follow-up (average follow-up 15 months). Cement extravasation, subsequent fractures, and implant migration were recorded. RESULTS: Long-term follow-up was obtained in 38 of 40 patients. Both VAS and ODI significantly improved from a median of 8.0 (range 5-10) and 66 % (range 44-88 %) to 0.5 (range 0-8) and 6 % (range 6-66 %), respectively, at 1 year (p < 0.0001). Vertebral height measurements comparing time points increased in a statistically significant manner (ANOVA, p < 0.001). Overall cement extravasation rate was 9.5 %. Discal and venous leakage rates were 7.1 and 0 % respectively. No symptomatic extravasations occurred. Five of 38 (13.1 %) patients experienced new spontaneous, osteoporotic fractures. No device change or migration was observed. CONCLUSIONS: VNE is a safe and effective procedure that is able to provide long-lasting pain relief and durable vertebral height gain with a low rate of new fractures and cement leakages. PMID:23652416

Anselmetti, Giovanni Carlo; Manca, Antonio; Marcia, Stefano; Chiara, Gabriele; Marini, Stefano; Baroud, Gamal; Regge, Daniele; Montemurro, Filippo

2013-05-01

145

Poor clinical performance of the Wessex porcine heart valve bioprosthesis at nine years' follow up.  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVE: To assess the long term performance of the Wessex porcine bioprostheses implanted in a consecutive series of patients. DESIGN: A retrospective case series. PATIENTS: Between January 1985 and July 1991, 184 Wessex bioprostheses (78 mitral, 102 aortic, and 4 tricuspid) were implanted in 150 patients. The patients were 55% (83/150) male and 45% (67/150) female; mean age was 60 (SD 10) years. RESULTS: Hospital mortality was 9.3% (14/150). Total follow up was 696 patient-years (mean 4.7 years per patient). Linearised rates (events per 100 patient-years (SEM) for postoperative complications for patients with isolated mitral valve replacement, isolated aortic valve replacement, and multiple valve replacement were, respectively: late mortality: 4.7 (1.6), 3.3 (0.9), and 4.9 (1.9); thromboembolism: 5.8 (1.8), 3.0 (0.9), and 2.8 (1.4); valve thrombosis: 1.0 (0.7), 0.3 (0.3), and 0.7 (0.7); structural failure: 5.8 (1.7), 1.9 (0.7), and 7.1 (2.2). Actuarial freedom from complications at nine years (70% confidence interval) was: late mortality: 61 (9)%, 57 (13)%, and 59 (12)%; thromboembolism and valve thrombosis: 71 (9)%, 79 (6)%, and 81 (8)%; structural failure: 33 (14)%, 50 (16)%, and 12 (14)%; all valve related morbidity/mortality: 31 (10)%, 21 (11)%, and 7 (9)%. Stent fractures appeared in 11 of 17 explanted prostheses; actuarial freedom from stent fracture at nine years was 66 (12)%. CONCLUSIONS: The Wessex bioprosthesis is associated with high thrombogenicity, early structural dysfunction, and a high valve related morbidity/mortality which justifies very close follow up of patients fitted with them. Images

Hurle, A.; Nistal, J. F.; Revuelta, J. M.

1997-01-01

146

Tuberculin Reactivity in School Age Children; Five-year Follow-up in Iran  

PubMed Central

Objective Tuberculosis (TB) is an important infectious disease worldwide. Tuberculin skin test (TST) is the standard test for diagnosis of tuberculosis infection; Bacillus Calmette-Guerin (BCG) vaccination at birth has effects on this test. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of positive TST cases among 7- to 11-year-old primary school children and also to follow test-positive individuals for a five-year period. Methods TST was performed on 10.184 children aged 7–11 years sampled by cluster random method in Kermanshah, West Iran. Those who had a positive test result (i.e. an induration of ?15 mm following 72 hours of injecting 0.1 ml of 5 tuberculin units of purified protein derivative from Mycobacterium tuberculosis) were followed for five years to determine the presence of active TB. Also tuberculin positive rates at cut-off points of 10 mm and ?15 mm for boys and girls and at different ages were derived and compared using the chi-squared test. Findings Of 10.184 studied subjects, 830 (8.15%) cases showed positive TST. This rate was 8.7% in boys and 7.8% in girls (P=0.1). A significant linear trend was found between the tuberculin positive rates and age at all cut-off points (P<0.001). No active TB was detected during 5-year follow-up. Conclusion The rate of positive TST cases in primary school children in Kermanshah, Iran was 8.15% with no new cases of active tuberculosis detection within five-year follow-up.

Hemmati, Mitra; Ghadiri, Keyghobad; Rezaei, Mansour

2011-01-01

147

Breast cancer trends in Manitoba: 40 years of follow-up.  

PubMed

This study reports a comprehensive array of breast cancer statistics for Manitoba for a 40-year period. Data from the Manitoba Cancer Registry were combined with the provincial population-based registration file to determine trends in breast cancer incidence, prevalence and mortality rates, as well as survival and the probability of being diagnosed with breast cancer in the next 10 years. The age-standardized incidence rate of breast cancer increased by 0.99/100,000 women per year over the 40 years of follow-up (69.6/100,000 women in 1960, 109.9/100,000 women in 1999). Mortality rates peaked in 1986 (35.7/100,000 women), while the 1999 mortality rate (26.0/100,000 women) was almost comparable to the 1960 rate (22.4/100,000 women). No significant trend in mortality rate was observed over the 40-year period. The 5-year prevalence rate of breast cancer increased by 8.6/100,000 women per year. Between 1960-64 and 1995-99, 5-year survival increased from 0.62 to 0.86. The probability of being diagnosed with breast cancer in the next 10 years increased the most for women 60 years of age. The breast cancer burden in Manitoba is rapidly evolving mainly because of the increasing incidence and the better survival of cases. Key words: breast neoplasms, incidence, prevalence, registries, vital statistics. PMID:16117841

Demers, Alain A; Turner, Donna; Mo, Daojun; Kliewer, Erich V

2005-01-01

148

Musculoskeletal disorders among construction workers: a one-year follow-up study  

PubMed Central

Background Work-related musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) are an important cause of functional impairments and disability among construction workers. An improved understanding of MSDs in different construction occupations is likely to be of value for selecting preventive measures. This study aimed to survey the prevalence of symptoms of MSDs, the work-relatedness of the symptoms and the problems experienced during work among two construction occupations: bricklayers and supervisors. Methods We randomly selected 750 bricklayers and 750 supervisors resident in the Netherlands in December 2009. This sample was surveyed by means of a baseline questionnaire and a follow-up questionnaire one year later. The participants were asked about complaints of the musculoskeletal system during the last six months, the perceived work-relatedness of the symptoms, the problems that occurred during work and the occupational tasks that were perceived as causes or aggravating factors of the MSD. Results Baseline response rate was 37%, follow-up response was 80%. The prevalence of MSDs among 267 bricklayers and 232 supervisors was 67% and 57%, respectively. Complaints of the back, knee and shoulder/upper arm were the most prevalent among both occupations. Irrespective of the body region, most of the bricklayers and supervisors reported that their complaints were work-related. Complaints of the back and elbow were the most often reported among the bricklayers during work, whereas lower arm/wrist and upper leg complaints were the most often reported among the supervisors. In both occupations, a majority of the participants perceived several occupational physical tasks and activities as causes or aggravating factors for their MSD. Recurrent complaints at follow-up were reported by both bricklayers (47% of the complaints) and supervisors (31% of the complaints). Participants in both occupations report that mainly back and knee complaints result in additional problems during work, at the time of follow-up. Conclusions A substantial number of the bricklayers and the supervisors report musculoskeletal disorders, mainly back, knee and shoulder/upper arm complaints. The majority of the bricklayers and half of the supervisors believe that their complaints are work-related. Irrespective of occupation, participants with MSDs report substantial problems during work. Workplace intervention measures aimed at occupational physical tasks and activities seem justified for both occupations.

2012-01-01

149

Association between subjective memory complaints and health care utilisation: a three-year follow up  

PubMed Central

Background Subjective memory complaints (SMC) are common among elderly patients and little is know about the association between SMC and health care utilisation. Thus, the aim of this study was to investigate health care utilisation during a three-year follow-up among elderly patients consulting their general practitioner and reporting subjective memory complaints (SMC). Methods This study was conducted as a prospective cohort survey in general practice with three-year follow-up. Selected health care utilisation or costs relative to SMC adjusted for potential confounders were analyzed in a two-part model where the incidence of use of a selected health care service were analyzed separately from the quantity of use for those that use the service. The former analyzed in a Poisson regression approach, the latter in a generalized linear regression model. Results A total 758 non-nursing home residents aged 65 years and older consulted their GP in October and November 2002 and participated in the present study. The adjusted probability of nursing home placement was significantly increased in subjects with SMC relative to subjects without SMC (RR = 2.3). More generally, SMC was associated with an increase in the cost of selected health care utilisation of 60% over three years (p = 0.003). Conclusion The data of this study indicated that in an elderly primary care population the presence of SMC increased the cost of health care utilisation by 60% over three years. Thus, inquiry into SMC may contribute to a risk profile assessment of elderly patients and may identify patients with an increased use of health care services.

Waldorff, Frans Boch; Siersma, Volkert; Waldemar, Gunhild

2009-01-01

150

Total hip arthroplasty after ipsilateral intra-articular steroid injection: 8 years follow up.  

PubMed

The purpose of the study was to assess the safety of Intra-articular steroid hip injections (IASHI), prior to ipsilateral total hip arthroplasty (THA). We investigated whether there was an excess of infection in such a group 7-10 years after total hip arthroplasty. A database of 49 patients who had undergone IASHI followed by ipsilateral THA was reviewed. The mean length of time between injection and arthroplasty was 12.1 months (5.1-19 months). We found 7 major complications. Ten patients died with no further hip surgery at a mean of 28 months from surgery ; 3 were lost to follow-up. The remaining group (36) were contacted by telephone at a mean of 97.8 (85-117) months from their surgery. No objective signs of joint infection were found. We believe our results show that ipsilateral steroid injection does not confer an increased risk of complications following subsequent THA, over an extended follow up. PMID:22822573

McMahon, Samuel E; Lovell, Martyn E

2012-06-01

151

Improvement in undergraduate medical education: a 10-year follow-up in Finland.  

PubMed

Several studies have revealed that undergraduate medical education does not adequately prepare students for their work as physicians. There have been attempts to solve this problem in curriculum reforms in medical faculties. In this article, Finnish physicians' opinions on their undergraduate medical education are analysed. In 1988, a postal questionnaire was mailed to 2632 physicians registered during 1977-86, and altogether 1745 questionnaires were returned (66.3%). A follow-up study was done in 1998, and a questionnaire was sent to 2529 physicians who graduated between 1987 and 1996; 1822 questionnaires were returned (73.1%). Half of the respondents considered undergraduate education to correspond well with the requisite diagnostic skills and hospital doctors' work in general. In older and more traditional medical faculties (Helsinki, Oulu and Turku) education in primary healthcare work was considered insufficient. Also, more than 80% of the respondents felt they received too little teaching in administrative work. They reported that both traditional and younger, community-oriented faculties (Kuopio and Tampere) had considerably improved their education, especially in primary healthcare, during the 10-year follow-up. However, there were still clear differences between the education in the respective types of faculty as evaluated by their graduates. There is still room for improvements in undergraduate medical education, the better to meet the real needs of practising physicians in different fields of health care. PMID:12098458

Hyppölä, Harri; Kumpusalo, Esko; Virjo, Irma; Mattila, Kari; Neittaanmäki, Liisa; Halila, Hannu; Kujala, Santero; Luhtala, Riitta; Isokoski, Mauri

2002-01-01

152

Fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography of mild cognitive impairment with clinical follow-up at three years  

PubMed Central

Background Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is the most common dementing illness. Development of effective treatments directed at AD requires an early diagnosis. Mild cognitive impairment (MCI) often heralds AD. Thus, characterizing MCI is fundamental to the early diagnosis of AD. Participants Nineteen MCI patients referred from a memory loss clinic and 27 healthy subjects, all followed for 3 years. Method Metabolism scans (MCI minus controls) were compared voxel-wise after anatomical normalization and were examined both visually and with a computerized classifier. Results Agreement between raters as to whether the individual scans were normal or abnormal was high. Agreement between raters of the eventual clinical diagnosis and baseline metabolic pattern was poor. A computerized classifier was unsuccessful at classifying MCI from normal; however, its performance improved when using only prototypic AD-like MCI scans, indicating the classifier worked well when shared patterns existed in the data. Outcomes on follow-up were 9/19 AD; 5/19 remained MCI; and 5/19 developed dementias other than AD. Both cases of early Lewy body dementia (LBD) showed an AD-like metabolic pattern. Conclusions Visual inspection proved reliable in determining normal from abnormal scans; but it proved unreliable at predicting diagnosis on follow-up. Computerized classification of MCI using an AD-like metabolic template (such as derived from the averaged MCI images) showed potential to identify patients that will develop AD. However, the metabolic pattern in early LBD did not differ from that in AD.

Pardo, Jose V.; Lee, Joel T.; Kuskowski, Michael A.; Munch, Kristin R.; Carlis, John V.; Sheikh, Sohail A.; Surerus, Christa; Lewis, Scott M.; McCarten, J. Riley; Fink, Howard; McPherson, Susan; Shah, Hemant H.; Rottunda, Susan; Dysken, Maurice W.

2010-01-01

153

Workplace bullying and sleep difficulties: a 2-year follow-up study.  

PubMed

PURPOSE: The aims of the present study were to investigate whether being subjected to bullying and witnessing bullying at the workplace was associated with concurrent sleep difficulties, whether frequently bullied/witnesses have more sleep difficulties than occasionally bullied/witnesses, and whether there were associations between being subjected to bullying or witnessing bullying at the workplace and subsequent sleep difficulties. METHODS: A total of 3,382 respondents (67 % women and 33 % men) completed a baseline questionnaire about their psychosocial work environment and health. The overall response rate was 46 %. At follow-upyears later, 1671 of those responded to a second questionnaire (49 % of the 3,382 respondents at baseline). Sleep difficulties were measured in terms of disturbed sleep, awakening problems, and poor quality of sleep. RESULTS: Bullied persons and witnesses reported more sleep difficulties than those who were neither bullied nor witnesses to bullying at baseline. Frequently bullied/witnesses reported more sleep difficulties than respondents who were occasionally bullied or witnessing bullying at baseline. Further, odds ratios for subsequent sleep difficulties were increased among the occasionally bullied, but not among witnesses. However, the associations weakened when adjusting for sleep difficulties at baseline. CONCLUSION: Being subjected to occasional bullying at baseline was predictive of subsequent sleep difficulties. Witnessing bullying at baseline did not predict sleep difficulties at follow-up. PMID:23460184

Hansen, Ase Marie; Hogh, Annie; Garde, Anne Helene; Persson, Roger

2013-03-01

154

Recovery of aphasia after stroke: a 1-year follow-up study.  

PubMed

Semantics, phonology, and syntax are essential elements of aphasia diagnosis and treatment. Until now, these linguistic components have not been specifically addressed in follow-up studies of aphasia recovery after stroke. The aim of this observational prospective follow-up study was to investigate semantic, phonological, and syntactic recovery in aphasic stroke patients. In addition, we investigated the recovery of verbal communication and of aphasia severity. We assessed 147 aphasic patients at 1, 2, and 6 weeks, 3 and 6 months, and 1 year after stroke with the ScreeLing, a screening test for detecting deficits on the three main linguistic components, the aphasia severity rating scale (ASRS), a measure of verbal communication, and the Token test, a measure of aphasia severity. We investigated the differences in scores between the six time points with mixed models. Semantics and syntax improved up to 6 weeks (p < 0.001) after stroke, and phonology up to 3 months (p ? 0.001). ASRS improved up to 6 months (p < 0.05) and the Token test up to 3 months (p < 0.001). We conclude that in aphasia after stroke, various linguistic components have a different recovery pattern, with phonology showing the longest period of recovery that paralleled aphasia severity, as measured with the Token test. The improvement of verbal communication continues after the stabilization of the recovery of the linguistic components. PMID:22820721

El Hachioui, Hanane; Lingsma, Hester F; van de Sandt-Koenderman, Mieke E; Dippel, Diederik W J; Koudstaal, Peter J; Visch-Brink, Evy G

2012-07-22

155

Patient factors predict functional outcomes after cruciate retaining TKA: a 2-year follow-up analysis.  

PubMed

We analyzed preoperative patient characteristics and postoperative functional outcomes to identify the most predictive preoperative characteristics of postoperative functional outcome for Cruciate Retaining (CR) TKA. In a prospective, multicenter study, 307 knees with minimum 2-year follow-up were first divided into groups based on 2-year functional performance. Logistic regression then determined SF-36 General Health Score (GHS) to be the most predictive preoperative patient characteristic. Subsequently, a second analysis was performed using preoperative SF-36 GHS to stratify patients into groups. Statistical significance was achieved in both analyses by gender, BMI and hypertension. Statistical significance was achieved in a single analysis by age, preoperative narcotic use, preoperative metabolic medication usage, preoperative pulmonary disease and preoperative use of medication for anxiety or depression. PMID:23523205

Roth, Justin S; Buehler, Knute C; Shen, Jianhua; Naughton, Marybeth

2013-03-22

156

Acetabular component revision with frozen massive structural pelvic allograft: average 5-year follow-up.  

PubMed

We evaluated the use of a hemipelvic acetabular transplant in 20 revision hip arthroplasties with massive acetabular bone defects. We report 65% good intermediate-term results at a mean follow-up of 5 years (4-10 years). A cemented cup (without a reinforcement ring) was entirely supported by the allograft in all procedures. There were 7 failures (5 aseptic loosening and 2 deep infections). Two dislocations occurred but did not require acetabular revision. There were 2 cases in which moderate acetabular migration occurred but then stabilised and did not progress. Thirteen of 20 acetabular reconstructions did not require revision. We believe that these are satisfactory intermediate-term results for massive acetabular defects too large for reconstruction with other standard techniques. PMID:12934206

Piriou, Philippe; Sagnet, Franck; Norton, Mark R; de Loubresse, Christian Garreau; Judet, Thierry

2003-08-01

157

Replantation of an Avulsed Maxillary Incisor after 12 Hours: Three-Year Follow-Up  

PubMed Central

Tooth avulsion is defined as the complete displacement of the tooth out of its alveolar socket. The treatment of choice is immediate replantation or if that is not possible, placement of the tooth in an appropriate storage media. This report presents replantation of an avulsed maxillary central incisor after 12 hours of storage in milk. The tooth was replanted and splinted. One week later, it was treated endodontically and calcium hydroxide dressing was placed for 1 month; subsequently, the tooth was obturated with gutta-percha. During three years of follow-up, no evidence of ankylosis or inflammatory resorption was observed. After three years, the tooth was stable and remained functional and esthetically acceptable.

Moradian, Hamid; Badakhsh, Samaneh; Rahimi, Mehran; Hekmatfar, Somayeh

2013-01-01

158

Giant craniopharyngioma: 9-year follow up after stereotactic Yttrium -90 instillation and microsurgical resection.  

PubMed

The primary goal in craniopharyngioma treatment is a gross total neurosurgical resection. This paper presents a case with good outcome following a gross total removal of giant juvenile craniopharyngioma. There is a strong relationship between surgical experience in treating these lesions and the probability of total tumor resection without significant morbidity and mortality. The discussion on usefulness of stereotactic instillation of radioactive Yttrium-90 in the tumor cyst and bilateral fronto-orbital microsurgical approach utilized in 12-year-old male patient was conducted. A detailed description of the operative procedure was provided with comparison to other approaches commonly used for giant craniopharingioma. The long term (9 years) and intensive follow up showed good outcome without tumor recurrence. The patient has been receiving lifelong hormones substitution. PMID:22926392

Dizdarevi?, Kemal; Hadži?, Ermin; Be?uli?, Hakija

2012-08-01

159

Axillary neuropathy mimicking quadrilateral space syndrome and its follow up for one year.  

PubMed

Axillary neuropathy due to entrapment of the nerve in the quadrilateral space is seen rarely. Here, we describe a 24-year-old patient diagnosed with isolated axillary neuropathy that mimicked quadrilateral space syndrome. Quadrilateral or quadrangular space syndrome (QSS), first described by Cahill and Palmer in 1983, was defined as the entrapment of the distal branch of the axillary nerve and the posterior humeral circumflex artery (PHCA) in the quadrangular shaped anatomic space. We tracked the follow up of the patient for one year both clinically and electrophysiologically. Our aim in reporting this case is to stress the point that cases of such a nature usually represent situations of diagnostic and treatment challenges, where multidisciplinary approaches are required. PMID:21063294

Turker, Hande; Sarica, Murat; Bilgici, Ayhan; Cengiz, Nilgun; Onar, Musa K; Us, Onder

2008-01-01

160

Three-year follow up of customized glass fiber esthetic posts.  

PubMed

Customized glass fiber posts that is well adjusted into the root canal and have mechanical properties similar to those of dentin may be a suitable treatment for severely compromised endodontically treated teeth. This article reports a 3-year follow up of severely damaged endodontically treated teeth restored with unidirectional fiber glass customized post and core system instead of a conventional fiber post. The fabrication of this glass fiber customized post is a simple technique, providing an increased volume of fibers into the root canal, and an adequate polymerization of the post-core system. Over a three-year period, the treatments demonstrated good clinical and radiographic characteristics, with no fracture or loss of the post and/or crown. This technique can be considered effective, less invasive, and suitable for restore endodontically treated teeth. PMID:21228960

da Costa, Rogério Goulart; de Morais, Eduardo Christiano Caregnatto; Leão, Moira Pedroso; Bindo, Márcio José Fraxino; Campos, Edson Alves; Correr, Gisele Maria

2011-01-01

161

[Unclassified cardiomyopathy or Lyme carditis? A three year follow-up].  

PubMed

Lyme carditis can be a clinical manifestation of the early disseminated stage of Lyme disease caused by the tick-transmitted pathogen Borrelia burgdorferi. We present the case of a 41 year-old Caucasian woman referred to our hospital with symptoms of fatigue, progressive exertional dyspnoea, supraventricular cardiac arrhythmia, and an enlarged heart revealed on chest radiography. Following an untypical result of transthoracic echocardiography, cardiac magnetic resonance was performed. This showed structural cardiac changes and focus of late gadolinium enhancement in the midwall of the apex region. Further diagnostic processes, including endomyocardial biopsy and serology tests, made it possible to diagnose Lyme carditis. Clinical observation was followed-up for three years. PMID:23575786

Konopka, Marcin; Kuch, Marek; Braksator, Wojciech; Walczak, Ewa; Jakuci?ski, Maciej; Lipowski, Dariusz; D?u?niewski, Miros?aw

2013-01-01

162

Three-Year Follow Up of Customized Glass Fiber Esthetic Posts  

PubMed Central

Customized glass fiber posts that is well adjusted into the root canal and have mechanical properties similar to those of dentin may be a suitable treatment for severely compromised endodontically treated teeth. This article reports a 3-year follow up of severely damaged endodontically treated teeth restored with unidirectional fiber glass customized post and core system instead of a conventional fiber post. The fabrication of this glass fiber customized post is a simple technique, providing an increased volume of fibers into the root canal, and an adequate polymerization of the post-core system. Over a three-year period, the treatments demonstrated good clinical and radiographic characteristics, with no fracture or loss of the post and/or crown. This technique can be considered effective, less invasive, and suitable for restore endodontically treated teeth.

da Costa, Rogerio Goulart; de Morais, Eduardo Christiano Caregnatto; Leao, Moira Pedroso; Bindo, Marcio Jose Fraxino; Campos, Edson Alves; Correr, Gisele Maria

2011-01-01

163

Randomized controlled clinical trial on proximal caries infiltration: three-year follow-up.  

PubMed

We report the 3-year efficacy of resin infiltration (Icon, pre-product; DMG, Hamburg) to arrest progression of proximal non-cavitated caries lesions as compared with placebo treatment. In 22 young adults, 29 lesion pairs with radiographic extensions into the inner half of enamel up to the outer third of dentin were included (split-mouth design). All subjects received risk-related instructions for diet, flossing and fluoridation. No unwanted effects could be observed. Radiographically 1/26 test lesions (4%) and 11/26 control lesions (42%) had progressed (p = 0.002, McNemar). After 3-year follow-up, infiltration of proximal caries lesions can be said to be efficacious to reduce lesion progression. PMID:22922306

Meyer-Lueckel, H; Bitter, K; Paris, S

2012-08-22

164

ALL-EPIPHYSEAL ACL RECONSTRUCTION: A THREE-YEAR FOLLOW-UP  

PubMed Central

Background/Introduction: With an increasing number of pre?adolescents participating in sports, anterior cruciate ligament injuries and resultant reconstruction in the skeletally immature athlete are becoming more common. Many different surgical techniques and rehabilitation protocols have been proposed for the treatment of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries, but there is a lack of agreement as to which approach results in the best outcome. Rehabilitation protocols have marked variation regarding postoperative weight bearing, immobilization, bracing, and length. Case description: This is a case of a ten year old female who sustained bilateral ACL tears within the period of a year. The purpose of this case report is to describe the early result and subsequent rehabilitation following bilateral physeal?sparing all?epiphyseal ACL reconstructions on a skeletally immature patient with a three?year follow?up. Outcomes: The early post?surgical recovery period on the first injured knee was complicated by knee stiffness requiring manipulation. Following this minor setback, the patient met all physical therapy goals and had no additional complications. The rehabilitation after the second surgery followed a typical course. At three?year follow?up, the patient had grown an additional seven inches, with radiographic evidence of symmetric physeal growth and joint stability. She has returned to playing competitive sports. Discussion and Conclusion: This innovative physeal?sparing technique has huge implications as, historically; the feared complication of growth disturbance and angular deformity from transphyseal ACL reconstruction has complicated the management of ACL injuries in children and pre?adolescents. This case report demonstrates the success of this technique, and the subsequent rehabilitation, as this patient did not experience a reduction in long?term bone growth. Level of Evidence: 5 Case Report

Akinleye, Sheriff D.; Sewick, Amy

2013-01-01

165

Two-year follow-up of the FLU Vaccination Acute Coronary Syndromes (FLUVACS) Registry.  

PubMed

We have previously determined that there is a significant benefit of vaccination against influenza in patients hospitalized due to an acute coronary event. The purpose of this study is to determine whether the observed benefits of vaccination were maintained over a 2-year follow-up among those who were re-vaccinated during the subsequent winter season. During the winter season of 2001, a total of 301 acute coronary patients were prospectively enrolled within 72 hours of the onset of symptoms. Follow-up was conducted at 6 and 12 months. Patients who survived participated in a registry 1 year after the 2nd influenza vaccination period (winter 2002), as a cohort of chronic and stable coronary patients. The incidence of the primary endpoint cardiovascular death at 1 year was significantly lower in patients receiving vaccination than in controls (6% vs 17%, respectively) by intention-to-treat analysis. The relative risk with vaccination in comparison with controls was 0.34; 95% confidence interval, 0.17-0.71; P = 0.002. In the winter of 2002, 116 patients were vaccinated according to their physicians' instructions, and 114 subjects remained unvaccinated. The combined endpoints of total death plus myocardial infarction 1 year later were 4 (3.4%) in the vaccinated group vs 11 (9.7%) among those who were not vaccinated (P = 0.05). Influenza vaccination may reduce the risk of death and ischemic events in patients admitted with acute coronary syndromes. There is also a beneficial trend in the quiescent phase of ischemia. PMID:15061623

Gurfinkel, Enrique P; de la Fuente, Ricardo Leon

2004-01-01

166

Two-Year Follow-Up of the FLU Vaccination Acute Coronary Syndromes (FLUVACS) Registry  

PubMed Central

We have previously determined that there is a significant benefit of vaccination against influenza in patients hospitalized due to an acute coronary event. The purpose of this study is to determine whether the observed benefits of vaccination were maintained over a 2-year follow-up among those who were re-vaccinated during the subsequent winter season. During the winter season of 2001, a total of 301 acute coronary patients were prospectively enrolled within 72 hours of the onset of symptoms. Follow-up was conducted at 6 and 12 months. Patients who survived participated in a registry 1 year after the 2nd influenza vaccination period (winter 2002), as a cohort of chronic and stable coronary patients. The incidence of the primary endpoint cardiovascular death at 1 year was significantly lower in patients receiving vaccination than in controls (6% vs 17%, respectively) by intention-to-treat analysis. The relative risk with vaccination in comparison with controls was 0.34; 95% confidence interval, 0.17–0.71; P = 0.002. In the winter of 2002, 116 patients were vaccinated according to their physicians' instructions, and 114 subjects remained unvaccinated. The combined endpoints of total death plus myocardial infarction 1 year later were 4 (3.4 %) in the vaccinated group vs 11 (9.7%) among those who were not vaccinated (P = 0.05). Influenza vaccination may reduce the risk of death and ischemic events in patients admitted with acute coronary syndromes. There is also a beneficial trend in the quiescent phase of ischemia.

Gurfinkel, Enrique P.; de la Fuente, Ricardo Leon

2004-01-01

167

Mortality and cancer morbidity of Finnish chlorophenoxy herbicide applicators: an 18-year prospective follow-up.  

PubMed

An 18-year follow-up for mortality and cancer morbidity was conducted in a cohort of 1,909 men who had started spraying chlorophenoxy herbicides (mixture of 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid [2,4-D] and 2,4,5-trichlorophenoxyacetic acid [2,4,5-T]) in 1955 through 1971. In all, 384 persons had died during the follow-up, and there was a slight deficit in natural deaths (standardized mortality ratio [SMR] 0.84; 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.75-0.94). By contrast, there was a small, nonsignificant increase in accidental and violent deaths. The overall cancer mortality was slightly less than in the general population (SMR 0.83; 95% CI 0.65-1.02), and not a single case of death of non-Hodgkin's lymphomas (NHL) or soft tissue sarcomas (STS) was detected. With regard to cancer morbidity, the incident cases showed a slight deficit compared to the population figure (standardized incidence ratio [SIR] 0.81; 95% CI 0.67-0.97). One case of NHL was found (2.4 expected with 10 years of latency), but not a single case of STS (0.8 expected with 10 years of latency). While our study does not support the contention that spraying of 2,4-D and 2,4,5-T containing herbicides carries any significant risk of cancer, the medium to low statistical power of the study does not allow any far reaching negative conclusions regarding the carcinogenicity of the agents. PMID:7802854

Asp, S; Riihimäki, V; Hernberg, S; Pukkala, E

1994-08-01

168

Psychopathology and attrition in the Baltimore ECA 15-year follow-up 1981-1996.  

PubMed

Predictors of non-response were investigated in a 15-year follow-up (1981-1996) of 3,481 individuals in a probability sample from the household population of East Baltimore. Demographics (age, sex, race, education, marital status, and unemployment), household factors (living arrangements, household income, household size, and number of children), cultural variables (ancestral ethnicity and foreign language), social variables (social support and networks, committing felony, carrying a weapon, using an alias, and wandering), health factors (physical illness, health insurance, medical assistance, Medicare, receiving disability benefits, social security, and welfare), interviewer's observation, and psychopathologic variables (mental disorders, suicide behavior, comorbidity, and drug use) were collected at baseline in 1981 and in 1982, then linked to follow-up data between 1993 and 1996. A tracing process involving mail, phone, criss-cross directories, motor vehicle administration records, a commercial credit bureau, the state criminal justice system, hospital records, the US National Death Index, and field tracing were used to locate the original sample. A total of 3,066 respondents of the original sample (88.1%) were traced. Non-response was categorized into Sample Mortality (that part of the original sample that died during follow-up), Sample Loss (that part of the original sample that survived but could not be found) and Refusal (that part of the original sample that survived and was found but refused to participate). Stratified analysis and adjusted multiple logistic regression modeling found sample mortality and sample loss were strongly influenced by individual and household variables and by psychopathology. Sample mortality was influenced by specific mental disorders or conditions as mania, drug abuse/dependency, antisocial personality, cognitive impairment, alcohol abuse/dependency, phobia, drug use (except PCP), and comorbidity. Household factors protective against mortality include higher household income, not living as extended members in a married couple family, and living with children in the household. Persons who were unemployed, widowed or single, without high school education, male, and 65 years of age or older were more likely to die. Sample loss was influenced by cognitive impairment, antisocial personality, and cocaine use. Household factors linked to sample loss include living in female-headed families, or non-family households, and living alone. Young nonwhite, divorced/separated, without high school education, and unemployed were also harder to find. Refusal was associated with being white, with incomplete elementary education, living as a spouse in traditional married couple families, or as a child in female-headed families. Psychopathology did not influence refusal. PMID:10189815

Badawi, M A; Eaton, W W; Myllyluoma, J; Weimer, L G; Gallo, J

1999-02-01

169

New polyethylenes in total hip replacement: A ten- to 12-year follow-up study.  

PubMed

Between 1999 and 2001, 90 patients underwent total hip replacement using the same uncemented acetabular and femoral components with a 28 mm metallic femoral head but with prospective randomisation of the acetabular liner to either Durasul highly cross-linked polyethylene or nitrogen-sterilised Sulene polyethylene. We assessed 83 patients at a minimum follow-up of ten years. Linear penetration of the femoral head was estimated at six weeks, six and 12 months and annually thereafter, using the Dorr method, given the non-spherical shape of the acetabular component. There was no loosening of any component; only one hip in the Sulene group showed proximal femoral osteolysis. The mean penetration of the femoral head at six weeks was 0.08 mm (0.02 to 0.15) for the Durasul group and 0.16 mm (0.05 to 0.28) for the Sulene group (p = 0.001). The mean yearly linear penetration was 64.8% lower for the Durasul group at 0.05 mm/year (sd 0.035) for the Sulene group and 0.02 mm/year (sd 0.016) for the Durasul (p < 0.001). Mean linear femoral head penetration at ten years was 61% less in the Durasul than Sulene group. Highly cross-linked polyethylene gives excellent results at ten years. PMID:23450015

García-Rey, E; García-Cimbrelo, E; Cruz-Pardos, A

2013-03-01

170

Spring clip sterilization: one-year follow-up of 1,079 cases.  

PubMed

This is a report of 1,079 patients who underwent laparoscopic clip sterlization as of March, 1974. A one-year follow-up was obtained on 977 patients, or 90.5 per cent. Complications due to the clip technique appear limited to postoperative cramps for 24 to 48 hours in 26 per cent of patients. No ectopic pregnancies were detected. Pregnancies, when corrected for unsuspected existing pregnancies and surgical and manufacturing errors, occurred in 2 to 6 cases, for a method failure rate of 2 to 6/1,000. This report documents that experienced laparoscopists can perform this practice with local anesthesia, in combination with first-trimester abortion, and in hospital facilities other than an operating room. PMID:133614

Hulka, J F; Mercer, J P; Fishburne, J I; Kumarasamy, T; Omran, K F; Phillips, J M; Lefler, H T; Lieberman, B; Lean, T H; Pai, D N; Koetsawang, S; Castro, M V

1976-08-15

171

Shock-wave therapy for tennis and golfer's elbow--1 year follow-up.  

PubMed

Thirty patients with chronic medial epicondylitis were treated with low-energy shock waves. They received 500 impulses of 0.08 mJ/mm2 three times at weekly intervals. At 1 year follow-up examinations were performed. According to the Verhaar criteria, only seven patients reached excellent or good results. In eight cases a fair outcome was recorded, and in 14 patients the outcome was poor. Only six patients were satisfied with the treatment. The average relief of pain was 32%. These data were significantly worse than for identically treated patients with chronic tennis elbow. Thus, the question arises as to whether extracorporal shock-wave therapy is indicated in medial epicondylitis. PMID:10076947

Krischek, O; Hopf, C; Nafe, B; Rompe, J D

1999-01-01

172

Bone mineral density changes after total knee arthroplasty: one-year follow-up.  

PubMed

The study involved analysis of differences in bone mineral density (BMD) in the region of knee arthroplasty in 106 female patients. BMD was assessed using dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry in a follow-up time schedule: before surgery and 2 weeks postoperatively (baseline), 5, 12, 24, and 48 weeks after knee joint arthroplasty. Four assessment regions A, B, C, and D were determined in immediate proximity to the arthroplasty site. A year after surgery, a decrease in BMD was observed in all determined regions-(9.9%, 13.8%, 9.9%, and 7.6% respectively) in comparison with the baseline value. The most significant BMD decrease was observed in the period between 5 and 12 weeks after the knee joint arthroplasty. In our opinion, the decrease in BMD at the knee joint arthroplasty site is a result of the postoperative increased bone resorption and decreased patient motor activity. PMID:18619880

Gazdzik, Tadeusz S; Gajda, Tomasz; Kaleta, Marek

2008-07-10

173

Fifteen-year follow-up of smoking prevention effects in the North Karelia youth project.  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVES: This study evaluated the long-term effects of a school- and community-based smoking prevention program in Finland. METHODS: Four intervention schools from North Karelia and two control schools from another province were chosen for the evaluation. Students who received the intervention were taught to resist social pressures to smoke. The program began in 1978 with seventh-grade students and ran through 1980, with a 15-year follow-up. In North Karelia, a community-based smoking cessation program for adults was also carried out. RESULTS: Mean lifetime cigarette consumption was 22% lower among program subjects than among control subjects. Smoking and prevalence were lower up to the age of 21. CONCLUSIONS: Long-term smoking prevention effects can be achieved if a school-based program using a social influence model is combined with community and mass media interventions.

Vartiainen, E; Paavola, M; McAlister, A; Puska, P

1998-01-01

174

Robot-assisted laparoscopic pyeloplasty: minimum 1-year follow-up  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Objectives: To evaluate the feasibility and efficacy of robotic-assisted laparoscopic pyeloplasty. Laparoscopic pyeloplasty has been shown to have a success rate comparable to that of the open surgical approach. However, the steep learning curve has hindered its acceptance into mainstream urologic practice. The introduction of robotic assistance provides advantages that have the potential to facilitate precise dissection and intracorporeal suturing. Methods: A total of 50 patients underwent robotic-assisted laparoscopic dismembered pyeloplasty. A four-trocar technique was used. Most patients were discharged home on day 1, with stent removal at 3 weeks. Patency of the ureteropelvic junction was assessed in all patients with mercaptotriglycylglycine Lasix renograms at 1, 3, 6, 9, and 12 months, then every 6 months for 1 year, and then yearly. Results: Each patient underwent a successful procedure without open conversion or transfusion. The average estimated blood loss was 40 ml. The operative time averaged 122 minutes (range 60 to 330) overall. Crossing vessels were present in 30% of the patients and were preserved in all cases. The time for the anastomosis averaged 20 minutes (range 10 to 100). Intraoperatively, no complications occurred. Postoperatively, the average hospital stay was 1.1 days. The stents were removed at an average of 20 days (range 14 to 28) postoperatively. The average follow-up was 11.7 months; at the last follow-up visit, each patient was doing well. Of the 50 patients, 48 underwent one or more renograms, demonstrating stable renal function, improved drainage, and no evidence of recurrent obstruction. Conclusions: Robotic-assisted laparoscopic pyeloplasty is a feasible technique for ureteropelvic junction reconstruction. The procedure provides a minimally invasive alternative with good short-term results.

Patel, Vipul; Thaly, Rahul; Shah, Ketul

2007-03-01

175

Cantilever Transforaminal Lumbar Interbody Fusion for Upper Lumbar Degenerative Diseases (Minimum 2 Years Follow Up)  

PubMed Central

Purpose To evaluate the clinical outcomes of cantilever transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (c-TLIF) for upper lumbar diseases. Materials and Methods Seventeen patients (11 males, 6 females; mean ± SD age: 62 ± 14 years) who underwent c-TLIF using kidney type spacers between 2002 and 2008 were retrospectively evaluated, at a mean follow-up of 44.1 ± 12.3 months (2 year minimum). The primary diseases studied were disc herniation, ossification of posterior longitudinal ligament (OPLL), degenerative scoliosis, lumbar spinal canal stenosis, spondylolisthesis, and degeneration of adjacent disc after operation. Fusion areas were L1-L2 (5 patients), L2-L3 (9 patients), L1-L3 (1 patient), and L2-L4 (2 patients). Operation time, blood loss, complications, Japanese Orthopaedic Association (JOA) score for back pain, bone union, sagittal alignment change of fusion level, and degeneration of adjacent disc were evaluated. Results JOA score improved significantly after surgery, from 12 ± 2 to 23 ± 3 points (p < 0.01). We also observed significant improvement in sagittal alignment of the fusion levels, from - 1.0 ± 7.4 to 5.2 ± 6.1 degrees (p < 0.01). Bony fusion was obtained in all cases. One patient experienced a subcutaneous infection, which was cured by irrigation. At the final follow-up, three patients showed degenerative changes in adjacent discs, and one showed corrective loss of fusion level. Conclusion c-TLIF is a safe procedure, providing satisfactory results for patients with upper lumbar degenerative diseases.

Hioki, Akira; Hosoe, Hideo; Sugiyama, Seiichi; Suzuki, Naoki; Shimizu, Katsuji

2011-01-01

176

Chronic musculoskeletal pain predicted hospitalisation due to serious medical conditions in a 10 year follow up study  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: The aim was to examine if self reported chronic regional pain (CRP) and chronic widespread pain (CWP) predicted inpatient care due to serious medical conditions such as cerebrovascular diseases, ischemic heart diseases, neoplasms and infectious diseases in a general population cohort over a ten year follow-up period. METHODS: A ten-year follow up of a cohort from the general adult

Hans Lindgren; Stefan Bergman

2010-01-01

177

A case of giant naevus followed up for 22 years after treatment with artificial dermis.  

PubMed

We present an ultra-long followed-up case in which an artificial dermis was used for the treatment of a giant naevus. A 5-year-old boy had a giant naevus on his lower back and both buttocks. The light black pigmentation extended to the lower abdomen and both upper thighs. The lesions on the lower back and both buttocks were treated using the artificial dermis Pelnac in three operative series every 2 years. After removal of the lesion, Pelnac was placed onto the skin defect. Three weeks postoperatively, the silicone film was peeled off and a thin split-thickness skin graft (STSG) taken from the upper-middle back was placed on the regenerated dermis-like connective tissue. Thin STSGs were harvested from the same upper back area repeatedly. The lesions on both posteromedial upper thighs and the lower abdomen were treated in three operative series using tissue expanders. Finally, tissue expanders were inserted subcutaneously in both buttocks where Pelnac had been used 5 years or 7 years before. The lesions around the anus were reconstructed using the expanded skin and local skin flaps. Twenty-two years after the first operation, both grafted and donor sites keep good condition not only cosmetically but also functionally. PMID:23583608

Suzuki, Shigehiko; Morimoto, Naoki; Yamawaki, Satoko; Fujitaka, Junpei; Kawai, Katsuya

2013-04-11

178

Eight-year follow-up of a community-based large group behavioral smoking cessation intervention  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: To evaluate the effectiveness of a large group community-based behavioral smoking cessation intervention over an 8-year follow-up period and to determine precessation predictors of cessation at each follow-up time. Research Approach: Behavioral intervention followed by three longitudinal follow-up interviews. Setting: Regional Outpatient Cancer Centre. Study Participants: 971 participants in smoking cessation clinics held between 1986 and 1990. Intervention: Eight

Linda E Carlson; Paul Taenzer; Jan Koopmans; Barry D Bultz

2000-01-01

179

The natural course of allergic rhinitis: a 32-year follow-up study.  

PubMed

Abstract Conclusion: Early intervention may change the natural course of allergic rhinitis, preventing the progression to asthma. In particular, immunotherapy guarantees remission of local symptoms and valid protection against local and bronchial complications. Symptomatic treatment represents a valid alternative; it is always to be preferred to abstention from any treatment. Objectives: Data emerging from various studies on the increase of the prevalence of allergic rhinitis in recent decades appear to be widely dishomogeneous. Another point that needs clarification is the relationship between allergic rhinitis and lower airways pathologies such as asthma or bronchitis. Methods: We followed the evolution of allergic rhinitis in a group of patients for the last 30 years to highlight the efficacy of different treatments in the prevention of complications, specifically asthma. After 32 years (1980-2012), 46/73 (63%) patients completed the follow-up. Results: Symptomatic drugs exhibited maximum efficacy from the third to the eighth year, with 13 of 15 patients reporting an improvement of symptoms; immunotherapy achieved the best efficacy starting from the sixth to the tenth year (8 of 10 patients recovered). Subsequently, improvements decreased in the two groups, to a steady level of 11 of 15 and 6 of 10 recovered patients. Asthma developed in 3 of 46 patients and only among patients that were not treated. PMID:24125190

Passali, Giulio Cesare; Bellussi, Luisa Maria; De Corso, Eugenio; Passali, Francesco Maria; Passali, Desiderio

2013-11-01

180

Periods of recovery in deficit syndrome schizophrenia: a 20-year multi-follow-up longitudinal study.  

PubMed

Periods of recovery were examined in patients with and without deficit syndrome schizophrenia. Fifty-six patients with schizophrenia were studied, 39 of whom were divided into deficit and nondeficit syndrome schizophrenia subtypes using a proxy method. We also studied 39 nonpsychotic depressive comparison patients. Patients were evaluated as part of the Chicago Follow-up Study, which prospectively examined patients at regular intervals over a 20-year period. Using standardized instruments, patients were evaluated for the deficit syndrome, global recovery, rehospitalization, social dysfunction, occupational disability, and symptom presentation. Recovery was examined at 6 time points measured at 2-, 4.5-, 7.5-, 10-, 15-, and 20-year postindex hospitalization. Cumulatively, over the 20-year period, 13% of patients classified as meeting criteria for the deficit syndrome showed 1 or more 1-year periods of global recovery, in comparison to 63% of nondeficit schizophrenia patients and 77% of depressed patient controls. Results indicate that the deficit syndrome represents a persistently impaired subsample of schizophrenia patients, with continuous social, occupational, and symptom impairment. In contrast, nondeficit syndrome schizophrenia patients showed at least some periods of remission or recovery, with the likelihood of these periods increasing as they became older. Findings provide further support for the validity of the deficit syndrome concept and suggest that deficit status is characterized by a more persistently impaired course of illness and particularly poor long-term prognosis. PMID:19095758

Strauss, Gregory P; Harrow, Martin; Grossman, Linda S; Rosen, Cherise

2008-12-18

181

Selective laser trabeculoplasty for primary open angle glaucoma: six-year follow up  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In order to establish the long-term efficacy of selective laser trabeculoplasty for primary open-angle glaucoma [POAG], trabecular meshwork of 34 eyes (21 patients) with POAG was treated with Q-switched frequency doubled Nd-YAG laser with wavelength of 532 nm Coherent Selecta 7000 (SLT). The eyes were divided in two groups: group 1-18 eyes with pigmentation degree in the frontal chamber angle of 1 and 2; group 2-16 eyes with pigmentation degree of 3 and 4. An average of 104 spots on 360 degrees was applied stepwise to the trabecular meshwork of every eye. The treatment and follow up period lasted 6 years. The mean prepoerative intraocular pressure [IOP] in group 1 was 25,5+/-1,5 mmHg, and in group 2-26+/-1 mmHg. During the last visit 6 years after SLT, the mean IOP in group 1 was 18,7+/-1.4 mmHg. Statistically significant decrease of IOP [p<0.001] was observed after SLT by an average of 6,8 mmHg [26.7%]. During the last visit 6 years after SLT in group 2, the mean IOP was 18.8+/-1.2 mmHg. Statistically significant IOP decrase method for POAG treatment and that IOP decrase in treated eyes is preserved for several years.

Koev, Krassimir

2005-04-01

182

Papillon-Lefèvre syndrome in 2 siblings: case report after 11-year follow-up.  

PubMed

The purpose of this case report was to describe the clinical long-term outcome, 11 years after periodontal therapy, of 2 siblings diagnosed with Papillon-Lefèvre syndrome. Sibling 1 was a 14-year-old boy with severe periodontal bone loss in his permanent dentition. Sibling 2 was a 7-year-old girl with mixed-dentition and also suffering from periodontal disease. Both were treated with a combination of nonsurgical and antimicrobial therapy. Annual re-evaluations were performed for 11 years. Both siblings improved their periodontal status, but a low level of compliance with treatment over time by sibling 1 resulted in further tooth loss and recurrent periodontal disease. Sibling 2 experienced good periodontal healing in her primary and, later, permanent teeth due in part to proper compliance with oral hygiene instructions. Periodontal health was achieved, and no tooth loss occurred during follow-up. Papillon-Lefèvre syndrome subjects can be successfully treated with nonsurgical/antimicrobial therapy, but treatment outcome could be related to age at diagnosis and compliance with oral hygiene procedures. PMID:23265160

Pimentel, Suzana Peres; Kolbe, Maria Fernanda; Pereira, Roberta Sevá; Ribeiro, Fernanda Vieira; Cirano, Fabiano Ribeiro; Casati, Márcio Zaffalon; Casarin, Renato Corrêa Viana

183

Internet-based treatment of pathological gambling with a three-year follow-up.  

PubMed

Effective therapies for pathological gambling exist, but their use is limited to about 10% of the target population. In an attempt to lower the barriers for help, Internet-based cognitive behavioural therapy (ICBT) has been shown to be effective when delivered to a non-depressed sample with pathological gambling. This study sought to extend this finding to a larger, more representative population, and also test a model to predict responder status. Following advertisement, a total of 284 participants started an 8-week ICBT programme with minimal therapist contact via e-mail and weekly telephone calls of less than 15 min. The average time spent on each participant, including telephone conversations, e-mail, and administration, was 4 h. In addition to a mixed effects model to evaluate the effectiveness of the treatment, two logistic regression analyses were performed with the following eight pre-defined response predictor variables: work-life satisfaction, primary gambling activity, debts due to gambling, social support, personal yearly salary, alcohol consumption, stage of change, and dissociative gambling. ICBT resulted in statistically significant reductions in the scores of pathological gambling, anxiety, and depression as well as an increase in quality of life compared to pre-treatment levels. Follow-ups carried out in the treatment group at 6, 18, and 36 months indicated that treatment effects were sustained. Using the eight predictor variable model rendered an acceptable predictive ability to identify responders both at post-test (AUC = .72, p < .01) and at 36-month follow-up (AUC = .70, p < .01). We conclude that ICBT for pathological gamblers, even if depressed, can be effective and that outcome can partly be predicted by pre-treatment characteristics. PMID:22620990

Carlbring, Per; Degerman, Nicklas; Jonsson, Jakob; Andersson, Gerhard

2012-05-24

184

Onset Pattern and Long-Term Prognosis in Schizophrenia: 10-Year Longitudinal Follow-Up Study  

PubMed Central

Background Although the duration of untreated psychosis (DUP) plays an important role in the short-term prognosis of patients with schizophrenia, their long-term prognosis generally is not determined by DUP alone. It is important to explore how other clinical factors in the early stage are related to DUP and consequent disease courses. Methods A total of 664 patients with untreated psychosis were surveyed for this study. At the first examination, we divided them into the severe positive symptoms cases (SC) or the less severe cases (NonSC) and compared the prognosis among the two groups after a 10-year follow-up. In all, 113 patients in the SC group and 43 patients in the NonSC group were follow-up completers. Results Whereas DUP was not different between the two groups, patients with nonacute onset in both groups had significantly longer DUP than those in patients with acute onset. For all clinical measures, there was no difference in prognosis between the two groups or among the four groups classified by mode of onset (MoO) and initial severity of positive symptoms. However, the degree of improvement of global assessment of functioning (GAF) was significantly smaller in the NonSC-nonacute group than in the SC-acute and SC-nonacute groups. Conclusions These results suggest that neither DUP nor MoO alone necessarily affects the initial severity of positive symptoms. Moreover, it is possible that patients with low impetus of positive symptoms onset within long DUP experience profound pathologic processes. Therefore, the current study results indicated that long DUP and nonacute onset were related to poor long-term prognosis, regardless of initial positive symptoms.

Kanahara, Nobuhisa; Yoshida, Taisuke; Oda, Yasunori; Yamanaka, Hiroshi; Moriyama, Toshihiro; Hayashi, Hideaki; Shibuya, Takayuki; Nagaushi, Yasunori; Sawa, Takashi; Sekine, Yoshimoto; Shimizu, Eiji; Asano, Makoto; Iyo, Masaomi

2013-01-01

185

Aortic valve replacement with cryopreserved pulmonary allografts: five years' follow-up.  

PubMed

Excellent clinical results with pulmonary autografts and experimental evidence that pulmonary valves can withstand the higher stress in the systemic circulation led us to use the cryopreserved pulmonary allograft for aortic valve replacement. From September 1988 until March 1993, 126 consecutive patients (61 +/- 10 years; 74 men and 52 women) underwent aortic valve replacement with a cryopreserved pulmonary allograft. All allografts were inserted freehand in the subcoronary position. There were four in-hospital deaths (3.2%), and 1 patient had severe valvular incompetence immediately postoperatively, requiring reoperation after 4 weeks. One hundred twenty-one patients were followed up in 3- to 6-month intervals for 25.3 +/- 16.3 months (range, 6 to 66 months), and valve performance was assessed routinely by means of color-flow Doppler echocardiography. Nine patients (7.1%) died during follow-up. Two patients died of multiple septic emboli during bacterial endocarditis, and 1 patient died of a massive stroke. The other 6 patients died of myocardial infarction (4), respiratory insufficiency due to chronic obstructive lung disease (1), and carcinoma (1). Ninety-four patients (78%) had absent or trivial aortic valve regurgitation. Valvular incompetence class II was present in 3 patients (2.5%), whereas 5 others (4%) demonstrated class II to III. Severe aortic regurgitation (class III or IV) could be detected in 10 patients (8.3%). All underwent reoperation and replacement of the valve with a prosthetic device. Bacterial endocarditis caused graft incompetence in 3 patients, valve degeneration was detected in another 3, and technical mistakes at valve implantation caused valve failure in the other 4.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS) PMID:7646156

Mair, R; Harringer, W; Wimmer-Greinecker, G; Klima, U; Gross, C; Peschl, F; Brücke, P

1995-08-01

186

1-year follow-up study of endothelial cell density loss after penetrating keratoplasty.  

PubMed

High endothelial cell density (ECD) is essential for the corneal graft clarity. We evaluated ECD loss in 120 eyes that underwent penetrating keratoplasty (PK) in Eye Clinic Svjetlost in a one year follow up period. Patients were divided into 3 groups of high (N = 35), intermediate (N = 31) and low risk (N = 54) for graft failure. Postoperative central endothelial density, coefficient of variation in cell area (polymegathism), percentage of hexagonal cells (pleomorphism) in comparison to preoperative donor cell measurements were determined in the following postoperative time-points of 1, 2, 3, 6, 9 and 12 months. There were no significant differences in the preoperative ECD values, storage time, donor age or surgical procedures between groups. Throughout all time points intermediate group had the greatest statistically significant ECD loss as compared to high and low risk groups. There were no significant differences between high and low risk group. After 12 month post PK, intermediate risk group had 28.38% ECD loss as compared to 24.07% in high and 23.03% ECD loss in low risk group. Coefficient of variation in cell area (CV) was for high risk group 0.34, intermediate 0.40 and low risk 0.31 which was not significantly different between groups. Percentage of plemorphism in high risk was 54%, intermediate 58% and in low risk 48% which was significantly different as compared to other two groups. Our study showed that corneal pathology is among others, very important prognostic factor for ECD after PK. However, longer follow up period is needed. PMID:22220396

Draca, Natasa; Covi?, Ana; Pauk, Maja; Pasali?, Adis; Dekaris, Iva

2011-09-01

187

Mortality Trends in Subjects With and Without Diabetes During 33 Years of Follow-up  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVE Mortality rates have declined substantially over the past decades in the general population, but the situation among diabetic subjects is less clear. The aim of this study was to analyze mortality trends in diabetic and nondiabetic subjects during 1972–2004. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS Since 1972, all patients with diabetes are entered in a diabetes register at Laxå Primary Health Care Center; 776 incident cases were recorded up to 2001. The register has been supplemented with a nondiabetic population of 3,880 subjects and with data from the National Cause of Death Register during 1972 to 2004. RESULTS During the 33-year follow-up period, 233 (62.0%) diabetic women and 240 (60.0%) diabetic men and 995 (52.9%) nondiabetic women and 1,082 (54.1%) nondiabetic men died. The age-adjusted hazard ratio (HR) for all-cause mortality among diabetic and nondiabetic subjects was 1.17 (P < 0.0021) for all, 1.22 (P < 0.007) for women, and 1.13 (P = 0.095) for men. The corresponding cardiovascular disease (CVD) mortality HRs were 1.33 (P < 0.0001), 1.41 (P < 0.0003), and 1.27 (P < 0.0093), respectively. The CVD mortality reduction across time was significant in nondiabetic subjects (P < 0.0001) and in men with diabetes (P = 0.014) but not in diabetic women (P = 0.69). The results regarding coronary heart disease (CHD) were similar (P < 0.0001, P < 0.006, and P = 0.17, respectively). The CVD and CHD mortality rate change across time was fairly linear in all groups. CONCLUSIONS Diabetic subjects had less mortality rate reduction during follow-up than nondiabetic subjects. However the excess mortality risk for diabetic subjects was smaller than that found in other studies.

Jansson, Stefan P.O.; Andersson, Dan K.G.; Svardsudd, Kurt

2010-01-01

188

Natural course of isolated pulmonary langerhans' cell histiocytosis in a toddler. 3-year follow-up.  

PubMed

Isolated pulmonary Langerhans' cell histiocytosis (LCH) is distinctly rare under the age of 15 years, since the majority of patients are young adult males with heavy smoking habits. Isolated pulmonary involvement suggests that antigens inhaled from cigarette smoke are involved. Here we present a case of LCH restricted to the lungs in a toddler whose parents were heavy smokers. Since LCH was not medically treated for 3 years due to parental refusal, the disease can be regarded as having followed its natural course. During the 3-year follow-up, the disease progressed to severe pulmonary fibrosis resulting in honeycomb lungs. Based on the comparative immunohistochemical analyses of the cells obtained from bronchoalveolar lavages during the disease course, it appears that the evolution of fibrosis is rather a result from the accumulating alveolar macrophages than from the persistence of the Langerhans' cells. Passive cigarette smoking may be considered a significant risk factor in both the pathogenesis and development of pulmonary LCH in a small child. PMID:16369122

Nagy, Béla; Soós, Gyorgyike; Nagy, Kálmán; Dezso, Balázs

2005-12-06

189

Partial achilles tendon rupture presenting with giant hematoma; MRI findings of 4 year follow up.  

PubMed

In the young population, spontaneous rupture of Achilles tendon is very rare. The big hematoma is also rare finding of the Achilles tendon partial rupture. It is usually seen with complete rupture. We presented imaging findings of 4 years follow up of the spontaneous partial rupture of Achilles tendon presenting with giant expanding hematoma and mimicking complete rupture radiologically. We discussed the alterations of tendon signal intensity and result of conservative therapy after partial rupture with big hematoma in the long term. A 29 year-old man, applied with pain and swelling in the retrocalcaneal region of left ankle. He did not have chronic metabolic disease. He was not active in physical activities. X-ray radiograms were normal. At magnetic resonance images (MRI), there was an intratendinous big hematoma, subcutanous fat planes were edematous around tendon. The diagnosis was partial rupture and giant hematoma. Hematoma was drained. The conservative treatment was applied and his complaints disappeared. After treatment, approximately 4 years later, control MRI showed thickened and hypointense tendon in all images. PMID:21856146

Sarsilmaz, Aysegul; Varer, Makbule; Coskun, Gulten; Apayd?n, Melda; Oyar, Orhan

2011-12-01

190

Five-year clinical and angiographic follow-up after intracoronary iridium-192 radiation therapy  

SciTech Connect

Background: Ionizing gamma radiation has been shown to reduce neointimal formation and the incidence of restenosis after balloon angioplasty and stenting in clinical trials. However, the long-term effects of this therapy are unknown. The first cohort of patients to receive intracoronary gamma radiation after balloon angioplasty for the prevention of restenosis have completed a 5-year angiographic and clinical follow-up. The outcome of these patients is presented and discussed. Methods: Twenty-one patients with unstable angina (22 arteries) underwent standard balloon angioplasty. Intracoronary radiation therapy was performed immediately after the intervention using an Iridium-192 source wire hand-delivered to the angioplasty site. All patients were followed clinically and Quantitative Coronary Analysis (QCA) was performed at 6, 24, 36 and 60 months. Results: Target lesion revascularization occurred in six lesions, three of which were total occlusions (two early within 30 days and one occurred at 2 years), and one patient had a myocardial infarction attributable to a nontarget vessel. Serial QCA detected a binary restenosis rate of 28.6% (n=6) at 6 months. The late loss (0.29 mm) and loss index (0.25) remained low at 2, 3 and 5 years. Angiographic complications included four aneurysms (two procedure related and two occurring within 3 months). At 2 years, only one aneurysm increased in size (46 vs. 27 mm{sup 2}); and at 3 and 5 years, all aneurysms remained unchanged. No other angiographic complications were observed. Conclusion: The early clinical and angiographic effects of intracoronary gamma radiation were maintained at 5 years without further increase in the aneurysm formation or apparent new adverse effects related to the radiation therapy between 2 and 5 years.

Condado, Jose A.; Waksman, Ron; Saucedo, Jorge F.; Bhargava, Balram; Lansky, Alexandra J.; Calderas, Carlos; Gurdiel, Orlando; Gonzalez, Juan; Fadoul, Merche; Parra, Bogart; Iturria, Isabel; Amezaga, Bingen

2002-06-01

191

Outcome of coronary plaque burden: a 10-year follow-up of aggressive medical management  

PubMed Central

Background The effect of aggressive medical therapy on quantitative coronary plaque burden is not generally known, especially in ethnic Chinese. Aims We reasoned that Cardiac CT could conveniently quantify early coronary atherosclerosis in our patient population, and hypothesized that serial observation could differentiate the efficacy of aggressive medical therapy regarding progression and regression of the atherosclerotic process, as well as evaluating the additional impact of life-style modification and the relative effects of the application of statin therapy. Methods We employed a standardized Cardiac CT protocol to serially scan 113 westernized Hong Kong Chinese individuals (64 men and 49 women) with Chest Pain and positive coronary risk factors. In all cases included for this serial investigation, subsequent evaluation showed no significantly-obstructive coronary disease by functional studies and angiography. After stringent risk factor modification, including aggressive statin therapy to achieve LDL-cholesterol lowering conforming to N.C.E.P. ATP III guidelines, serial CT scans were performed 1-12 years apart for changes in coronary artery calcification (CAC), using the Agatston Score (AS) for quantification. Results At baseline, the mean AS was 1413.6 for males (mean age 54.4 years) and 2293.3 for females (mean age 62.4 years). The average increase of AS in the entire study population was 24% per year, contrasting with 16.4% per year on strict risk factor modification plus statin therapy, as opposed to 33.2% per year for historical control patients (p < 0.001). Additionally, 20.4% of the 113 patients demonstrated decreasing calcium scores. Medical therapy also yielded a remarkably low adverse event rate during the follow-up period --- 2 deaths, 2 strokes and only 1 case requiring PCI. Conclusions This study revealed that aggressive medical therapy can positively influence coronary plaque aiding in serial regression of calcium scores.

2010-01-01

192

Treatment Outcomes and Mediators of Parent Management Training: A One-Year Follow-Up of Children with Conduct Problems  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This effectiveness study presents the results of a 1-year follow-up of a randomized controlled trial of Parent Management Training. Families of 112 Norwegian girls and boys with clinic-level conduct problems participated, and 75 (67%) families were retained at follow-up. Children ranged in age from 4 to 12 at intake (M = 8.44). Families randomized…

Hagen, Kristine Amlund; Ogden, Terje; Bjornebekk, Gunnar

2011-01-01

193

Asperger Syndrome and Autism: A Comparative Longitudinal Follow-Up Study More than 5 Years after Original Diagnosis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Prospective follow-up study of 70 males with Asperger syndrome (AS), and 70 males with autism more than 5 years after original diagnosis. Instruments used at follow-up included overall clinical assessment, the Diagnostic Interview for Social and Communication Disorders, Wechsler Intelligence Scales, Vineland Adaptive Behavior Scales, and Global…

Cederlund, Mats; Hagberg, Bibbi; Billstedt, Eva; Gillberg, I. Carina; Gillberg, Christopher

2008-01-01

194

Asperger Syndrome and Autism: A Comparative Longitudinal Follow-Up Study More than 5 Years after Original Diagnosis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Prospective follow-up study of 70 males with Asperger syndrome (AS), and 70 males with autism more than 5 years after original diagnosis. Instruments used at follow-up included overall clinical assessment, the Diagnostic Interview for Social and Communication Disorders, Wechsler Intelligence Scales, Vineland Adaptive Behavior Scales, and Global…

Cederlund, Mats; Hagberg, Bibbi; Billstedt, Eva; Gillberg, I. Carina; Gillberg, Christopher

2008-01-01

195

Relationships between Reading, Phonological Skills and Language Development in Individuals With Down Syndrome: A Five Year Follow-Up Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Details language, memory, and reading information gathered for a five year follow up study of 30 children and adolescents with Down syndrome. Concludes that early learning skills may be significant predictors of mean length of utterance five years later. (PM)|

Laws, Glynis; Gunn, Deborah

2002-01-01

196

Acetabular defect classification and surgical reconstruction in revision arthroplasty. A 6-year follow-up evaluation.  

PubMed

From 1982 to 1988, 147 cemented acetabular components were revised with cementless hemispheric press-fit components, with an average follow-up period of 5.7 years (range, 3-9 years). Acetabular defects were typed from 1 to 3 and reconstructed with a bulk or support allograft. Type 1 defects had bone lysis around cement anchor sites and required particulate graft. Type 2A and B defects displayed progressive bone loss superiorly and required particulate graft, femoral head bulk graft, or cup superiorization. Type 2C defects required medial wall repair with wafer femoral head graft. Type 3A and B defects demonstrated progressive amounts of superior rim deficiencies and were treated with structural distal femur or proximal tibia allograft. Six of the 147 components (4.0%), all type 3B, were considered radiographically and clinically unstable, warranting revision. Three of the six were revised. Moderate lateral allograft resorption was noted on radiographs, but host-graft union was confirmed at revision. Size, orientation, and method of fixation of the allografts play an important role in the integrity of structural allografts, while adequate remaining host-bone must be present to ensure bone ingrowth. PMID:8163974

Paprosky, W G; Perona, P G; Lawrence, J M

1994-02-01

197

Ten-year follow-up of 50 patients with bulimia nervosa.  

PubMed

Long-term outcome studies for people suffering from bulimia nervosa are few. Ten years after presentation, we followed up 50 patients (49 women, 1 man) who were originally involved in a double-blind, controlled trial of the antidepressant mianserin. Standardised interviews and questionnaires were used to assess eating attitudes and behaviour, psychiatric status and social functioning. A DSM-III-R diagnosis was given where appropriate. Sufficient information to make a diagnosis was obtained for 44 subjects (88%). Of patients traced, 52% had recovered fully and only 9% continued to suffer the full syndrome; 39% continued to experience some symptoms. Significant predictors of favourable outcome were younger age at onset, higher social class and a family history of alcohol abuse. Outcome for bulimia nervosa continues to improve over ten years with the majority of patients eventually making a full recovery or suffering only moderate abnormalities in eating attitudes. Although predictors of recovery were few, it would appear that intervention has a significant impact on ultimate outcome. PMID:8137114

Collings, S; King, M

1994-01-01

198

Social functioning and survival: A 10-year follow-up study.  

PubMed

Although otherwise extensively researched, one aspect of social functioning in older people that has received less attention is its association with staying at home for as long as possible. This 10-year follow-up examines factors of social functioning that support older people's independent living in their own homes and that reduce the risk of mortality. The data were collected in 1991 by a postal questionnaire that was sent to all residents of Turku, Finland, born in 1920. A physical examination was also conducted. Ten years later, in 2001, the mortality rate of this population was determined. The data were examined statistically. Female gender reduced the risk of mortality. In addition, daily outdoor activities, and not needing help (from different sources) were associated with a reduced risk of mortality. No need for help and a more positive attitude towards life reduced the risk of mortality of women. There were found only non-significant trends for men. Having plans for the future also reduced the risk of mortality. The findings of this study offer useful clues for planning the services provided by home health care personnel. In planning these services it is important that home health care workers take into account the differences between women and men customers: men may need and want different things from the home health care service than women do. PMID:18207580

Arve, Seija; Lavonius, Sirkku; Savikko, Niina; Lehtonen, Aapo; Isoaho, Hannu

2008-01-18

199

Conflict resolution patterns and longevity of adolescent romantic couples: a 2-year follow-up study.  

PubMed

This study examined the predictors of longevity among 40 late adolescent romantic couples (mean age males=17.71 years; mean age females=17.18 years). Subjects were given a revealed differences task where they were asked to solve their disagreements. The joint task was recorded, transcribed and analysed by two raters. At 3, 6, 9, 12, 18, and 24 months after this procedure, partners were contacted by telephone and asked whether their relationship was still intact. A cluster analysis was performed on couples' interaction indices and yielded three distinctive conflict resolution patterns. The Downplaying pattern was characterized by a high tendency to minimize the conflict. The relationships of the adolescents displaying this pattern stayed intact for a period of 9 months. Half of them were still together after 24 months. The adolescents displaying the Integrative pattern, which shows a good ability to negotiate differences tended to stay together over a period of 24 months. Those showing the Conflictive pattern, characterized by a confrontative interaction, were separated by the 3 months follow-up. Results are discussed within the context of developmental perspectives of conflict resolution tendencies and adolescent romance. PMID:16198410

Shulman, Shmuel; Tuval-Mashiach, Rivka; Levran, Elisheva; Anbar, Shmuel

2005-09-29

200

An implantable neuroprosthesis for standing and walking in paraplegia: 5-year patient follow-up  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We present the results of a 5-year patient follow-up after implantation of an original neuroprosthesis. The system is able to stimulate both epimysial and neural electrodes in such a way that the complete flexor-extensor chain of the lower limb can be activated without using the withdrawal reflex. We demonstrate that standing and assisted walking are possible, and the results have remained stable for 5 years. Nevertheless, some problems were noted, particularly regarding the muscle response on the epimysial channels. Analysis of the electrical behaviour and thresholds indicated that the surgical phase is crucial because of the sensitivity of the functional responses to electrode placement. Neural stimulation proved to be more efficient and more stable over time. This mode requires less energy and provides more selective stimulation. This FES system can be improved to enable balanced standing and less fatiguing gait, but this will require feedback on event detection to trigger transitions between stimulation sequences, as well as feedback to the patient about the state of his lower limbs.

Guiraud, David; Stieglitz, Thomas; Koch, Klaus Peter; Divoux, Jean-Louis; Rabischong, Pierre

2006-12-01

201

Six-year follow-up of the first Waterloo school smoking prevention trial.  

PubMed Central

This paper reports six-year follow-up data from the first large-scale randomized trial of the social influences approach to smoking prevention. In 1979, 22 schools were randomly assigned to program or control conditions. Students in program schools received a social influences curriculum in six core and two maintenance sessions in grade 6, two booster sessions in grade 7, and one booster session in grade 8. All students were assessed at pretest (T1), immediate posttest (T2), end of grade 6 (T3), beginning and end of grade 7 (T4 and T5), end of grade 8 (T6), and grades 11 and 12 (T7 and T8). Ninety percent of study students were relocated and data obtained from over 80 percent of them at T8. Program effects on experimental smoking observed in grades 7 and 8 had completely decayed by T8, six years after the beginning of the program. Grade 6 smoking experience and social risk were each strong predictors of T8 smoking behavior. Subjects who had left school were smoking at more than twice the rate of subjects still in high school (grade 12) at T8. We discuss implications of the results.

Flay, B R; Koepke, D; Thomson, S J; Santi, S; Best, J A; Brown, K S

1989-01-01

202

Oral Cancer Screening at Workplace in India--One-year Follow-up  

PubMed Central

Background: Oral cancer remains the commonest form of cancer and cancer-related deaths among Indian males due to popularity of avoidable risk factors such as tobacco and alcohol use. A workplace oral cancer screening and tobacco cessation study was commenced on World No Tobacco Day 2007 at a chemical industry in rural Maharashtra. Aims: The objectives were to screen the employees for oral neoplasia and to correlate it with their tobacco consumption pattern. In addition, the objective was to provide tobacco cessation services at the workplace. Materials and Methods: This is an interventional cohort study among 104 employees of a chemical industrial unit in rural Maharashtra. Naked eye examination of the oral cavity was performed for all employees by a doctor irrespective of the tobacco habits at the beginning and at the end of 1 year. In between, the tobacco users were regularly examined during each follow-up. Statistical analysis used: Through personal interviews of the participants, data were manually recorded and were transferred to electronic data base. Data analysis was conducted in STATA™ 8.2 on intention to treat basis. Results and Conclusions: Among the 104 employees, 50 (48.08%) were current tobacco users at the beginning of the program. Oral precancers were seen exclusively among 20 (40%) tobacco users. After 1 year of workplace tobacco cessation intervention, 80% of oral precancers regressed. This shows that screening of the oral cavity at the workplace is effective when combined with tobacco cessation.

Uplap, PA; Mishra, GA; Majumdar, P; Gupta, SD; Rane, PS; Sadalge, PK; Avasare, AM; Goswami, SS; Dhar, VA; Shastri, SS

2011-01-01

203

Brazilian hepatitis B vaccine: a six-year follow-up in adolescents.  

PubMed

The protective anti-HBs titres were examined six-year post-immunisation with the Brazilian recombinant hepatitis B vaccine. After the primary vaccination, all adolescents (n = 89) responded with protective anti-HBs titres and had a geometric mean titre (GMT) of 4031.8 mIU/mL. In 2010, 94.5% maintained protective anti-HBs (> 10 mIU/mL) antibodies, with a GMT of 236.0 mIU/mL. A positive correlation was observed between the anti-HBs titres after the primary vaccination and the titres at the six-year follow-up (p < 0.01). Eleven subjects showed anti-HBs titres suggestive of a natural booster. Prostitution and tattoos/piercings were marginally associated with natural boosters in the multivariate analysis. This study showed the first data on anti-HBs persistence following the Brazilian hepatitis B vaccine in sexually active individuals and highlights its effectiveness in the medium term. PMID:23295759

Alexandre, Kamilla Vêncio Frauzino; Martins, Regina Maria Bringel; Souza, Márcia Maria de; Rodrigues, Isolina Maria Xavier; Teles, Sheila Araujo

2012-12-01

204

Nucleoplasty in the Treatment of Lumbar Diskogenic Back Pain: One Year Follow-Up  

SciTech Connect

Purpose. The spine is an important source of pain and disability, affecting two thirds of adults at some time in their lives. Treatment in these patients is mainly conservative medical management, based on medication, physical therapy, behavioral management, and psychotherapy, surgery being limited to elective cases with neurologic deficits. This study was carried out to evaluate the efficacy of percutaneous nucleoplasty in patients affected by painful diskal protrusions and contained herniations. Methods. From February 2004 to October 2005, 72 patients (48 men, 24 women; mean age 48 years) affected by lumbar disk herniation were treated with nucleoplasty coblation. All patients were evaluated clinically and with radiography and MRI in order to confirm the presence of lumbalgic and/or sciatalgic pain, in the absence of major neurologic deficit and with lack of response after 6 weeks of conservative management. Results. Average preprocedural pain level for all patients was 8.2 (on a visual analog scale of 1 to 10), while the average pain level at 12 months follow-up was 4.1. At the 1 year evaluation, 79% of patients demonstrated a statistically significant improvement in numeric pain scores (p < 0.01): 17% (12 patients) were completely satisfied with complete resolution of symptoms, and 62% (43 patients) obtained a good result. Conclusion. Our data indicate that nucleoplasty coblation is a promising treatment option for patients with symptomatic disk protrusion and herniation who present with lumbalgic and/or sciatalgic pain, have failed conservative therapies, and are not considered candidates for open surgery.

Masala, Salvatore, E-mail: salva.masala@tiscali.it; Massari, Francesco; Fabiano, Sebastiano; Ursone, Antonio; Fiori, Roberto [University of Rome 'Tor Vergata', Department of Diagnostic Imaging and Interventional Radiology (Italy); Pastore, Francesco [University of Rome 'Tor Vergata', Department of Neurosurgery (Italy); Simonetti, Giovanni [University of Rome 'Tor Vergata', Department of Diagnostic Imaging and Interventional Radiology (Italy)

2007-06-15

205

Long term results of anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction with iliotibial tract: 6-, 13-, and 24-year longitudinal follow-up.  

PubMed

Many studies have reported successful outcomes less than 10 years after anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction. However, longer-term outcomes have not been analyzed. We assessd outcomes 24 years after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction with iliotibial tract and compared them with shorter-term results in the same patients. Between 1979 and 1981, 45 patients underwent combined intra- and extra-articular ACL reconstruction with iliotibial tract. Follow-up evaluations of these patients were performed at 6, 13, and 24 years after surgery, which included manual and instrumental laxity testing, functional assessments, and radiography. Twenty-six (60%) patients of the original ACL reconstruction cohort participated in all three follow-up assessments. Three patients had undergone meniscectomy prior to ACL reconstruction and 18 underwent meniscectomy together with ACL reconstruction. Eleven patients underwent subsequent meniscectomy. The mean Lysholm score was 96.2, 93.8, and 87.8 at 6-, 13-, and 24-year follow-up, respectively. A significant decrease in mean Lysholm score was found between 13- and 24-year follow-up. The mean KT-1000 side-to-side difference was 3.5 mm at 24-year follow-up. Overall knee laxity did not change significantly during the follow-up period. At 24-year follow-up, 17 (71%) patients had moderate or severe degenerative changes on radiographs although about 50% of the patients participated in regular sports activities and no patient required regular clinical intervention. PMID:16845548

Yamaguchi, Satoshi; Sasho, Takahisa; Tsuchiya, Akihiro; Wada, Yuichi; Moriya, Hideshige

2006-07-15

206

Celiac Disease and the Transition from Childhood to Adulthood: A 28Year Follow-Up  

Microsoft Academic Search

OBJECTIVES:Follow-up of celiac disease diagnosed in childhood is variable or nonexistent after transition to adulthood. Outcome, continuity of care, and adherence to a gluten-free diet are poorly documented. We report a 28-yr follow-up of 50 adults in whom the original childhood diagnosis could be confirmed.METHODS:Original pediatric charts were reviewed, and subjects were invited to undergo dietary evaluation, measurement of bone

Clare O'Leary; Peter Wieneke; Mary Healy; Cornelius Cronin; Paud O'Regan; Fergus Shanahan

2004-01-01

207

Twenty-year follow-up of the Hancock modified orifice porcine aortic valve  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background. The entire experience with the Hancock modified orifice porcine bioprosthetic aortic valve from 1976 to 1996 at the Brigham and Women’s Hospital has been reviewed. Eight hundred forty-three patients received this valve with a total follow-up of 61,114 months, and a mean follow-up of approximately 72.5 months. There were 490 men and 353 women, and the predominate lesion was

Lawrence H Cohn; John J Collins; Robert J Rizzo; David H Adams; Gregory S Couper; Sary F Aranki

1998-01-01

208

Prognosis of acute and chronic pancreatitis - a 30-year follow-up of a Danish cohort.  

PubMed

Acute and chronic pancreatitis are most frequently caused by a high consumption of alcohol and tobacco but often the aetiology is unknown. The diseases have a high risk of complications, but the long-term prognosis and the natural course of the diseases are only sparsely described. The aims of the study were to investigate the long-term prognosis of acute pancreatitis (AP) and chronic pancreatitis (CP), the risk of progression to CP, and the natural course of progressive acute pancreatitis. Hereby, describe the prognostic factors associated with mortality and the causes of death in these patients. The study was based on the large prospective cohort study - Copenhagen Pancreatitis Study - of patients in the Copenhagen Municipality admitted with either AP or CP fulfilling specific diagnostic criteria and enrolled in the study during 1977 to 1982 and in 2008 followed up by linkage to the Danish registries. Factors associated with mortality in AP patients were high age, alcohol and diabetes, whereas female gender, employment, and co-living were associated with better survival. Level of S-amylase had no impact on the mortality. AP can progress to CP not only from alcoholic but also from idiopathic AP within a mean interval of 3.5 years. The mortality of progressive AP was 5-7 times higher compared with the background population. Patients with definite CP had a 4-fold higher mortality than the background population and patients with a suspicion of CP had twice the mortality compared with the background population. Unlike alcohol and smoking, both non-employment and being underweight had a significant impact on survival in CP patients. In the future, when diagnosing AP, we suggest focusing more on the elimination of differential diagnosis than on the level of S-amylase. The high mortality in progressive AP indicates that patients with risk factors for CP should be followed up. As both AP and CP are multifaceted, treatment for smoking dependency, alcohol dependency, and social and nutritional support is encouraged. More knowledge could be provided by interventional treatment of these four focus areas in patients with AP and CP. PMID:21122467

Nøjgaard, Camilla

2010-12-01

209

Social networks and longevity. A 14 year follow-up study among elderly in Denmark.  

PubMed

The hypothesis of the study was that social contacts to close friends and relatives and perceived social integration was able to delay mortality in general and cardiovascular mortality in particular. Altogether 1752 males and females, aged 70-100 years were interviewed by trained nurses in 1972 to 1974. The study group was based upon a random sample of all elderly in the town of Odense, Denmark. More than 80% participated in the survey which included data collection on social networks and health at the time of interviewing. By means of linking the study group to national registries on mortality and causes of mortality practically all in the cohort were traced until 1987. During follow-up 1501 persons died. Most of the association between social networks and mortality were weak and statistically insignificant but had the expected sign. After adjusting for initial health status only the interviewer's assessment of the quality of the network was statistically significant associated with longevity. A feeling of loneliness was found to be associated with cardiovascular mortality, especially for males. PMID:1767289

Olsen, R B; Olsen, J; Gunner-Svensson, F; Waldstrøm, B

1991-01-01

210

Da Vinci robot assisted Anderson-Hynes dismembered pyeloplasty: technique and 1 year follow-up.  

PubMed

In experienced hands, laparoscopic pyeloplasty is an effective alternative treatment for symptomatic ureteropelvic junction obstruction (UPJO). Although laparoscopic surgery can clearly benefit patients, laparoscopic pyeloplasty using conventional instrumentation is complex. The purpose of this report is to evaluate the feasibility of robot assisted laparoscopic surgery. Eleven pyeloplasties for UPJO were performed via a laparoscopic transperitoneal approach exclusively with the da Vinci Surgical System. The mean procedure time was 197 min (range 110-310 min). All operations were completed laparoscopically with no intraoperative complications and negligible blood loss. All patients recovered rapidly after surgery with excellent functional results at the 1 year follow-up. Our initial experience suggests that robot assisted Anderson-Hynes pyeloplasty is a safe and effective alternative to conventional laparoscopic surgery. In our opinion, robot assisted surgery will allow urologists to perform complex procedures with greater precision, confidence, and better results, as well as enable them to adapt the whole spectrum of laparoscopic procedures to their field. PMID:12942276

Bentas, Wassilios; Wolfram, Marc; Bräutigam, Ronald; Probst, Michael; Beecken, Wolf-Dietrich; Jonas, Dietger; Binder, Jochen

2003-07-09

211

Recurrent environmentally triggered thrombophlebitis: a five-year follow-up  

SciTech Connect

Twenty disabled patients with recurrent intractable nontraumatic phlebitis were studied. The patients were divided into two groups and matched for age and severity. The control group was continued on their standard anticoagulant regime, bed rest and support hose. The other group was placed in an especially designed Environmental Control Unit (ECU) where all air, food and water could be controlled. These patients were taken off all medication and not fed until the leg pain and swelling disappeared, which was four to seven days. The patients then showed specific sensitivities to foods and ambient subthreshold doses of inhaled chemicals such as formaldehyde less than 0.2 ppm, phenol less than 0.0024 ppm, chlorine less than 0.33 ppm, petroleum alcohol less than 0.5 ppm and pesticide (2,4 DNP) less than 0.0134 ppm under controlled double-blind challenges. Eight out of 10 patients had their phlebitis reproduced in this manner. When in the symptom-free state, these patients were required to ride an exercycle at 150 kpm for one mile daily to demonstrate absence of phlebitis (none could walk across the room prior to examination). The five-year follow-up in the group showed two 48-hour episodes of phlebitis cleared by home bed rest and food abstenance. In contrast, the control group had more than 60 episodes of phlebitis at home and 41 episodes in the hospital. Medical costs in these comparable groups are discussed.

Rea, W.J.; Peters, D.W.; Smiley, R.E.; Edgar, R.; Greenberg, M.; Fenyves, E.

1981-11-01

212

Involvement in bullying and suicidal ideation in middle adolescence: a 2-year follow-up study.  

PubMed

The objective of the study was to ascertain whether involvement in bullying increases the risk for subsequent suicidal ideation. A total of 2,070 Finnish girls and boys aged 15 were surveyed in the ninth grade (age 15) in schools, and followed upyears later in the Adolescent Mental Health Cohort Study. Involvement in bullying was elicited at age 15 by two questions focusing on being a bully and being a victim of bullying. Suicidal ideation was elicited by one item of the short Beck Depression Inventory at age 17. Baseline depressive symptoms and externalizing symptoms, age and sex were controlled for. Statistical analyses were carried out using cross-tabulations with Chi-square/Fisher's exact test and logistic regression. Suicidal ideation at age 17 was 3-4 times more prevalent among those who had been involved in bullying at age 15 than among those not involved. Suicidal ideation at age 17 was most prevalent among former victims of bullying. Being a victim of bullying at age 15 continued to predict subsequent suicidal ideation when depressive and externalizing symptoms were controlled for. Being a bully at age 15 also persisted as borderline significantly predictive of suicidal ideation when baseline symptoms were controlled for. Findings indicate adolescent victims and perpetrators of bullying alike are at long-term risk for suicidal ideation. PMID:23053774

Heikkilä, Hanna-Kaisa; Väänänen, Juha; Helminen, Mika; Fröjd, Sari; Marttunen, Mauri; Kaltiala-Heino, Riittakerttu

2012-09-29

213

Five-Year Follow-up After Sacral Neuromodulation: Single Center Experience.  

PubMed

Objective.? We studied long-term clinical efficacy of sacral neuromodulation (SNM) therapy in patients with refractory urgency incontinence (UI), urgency/frequency (UF) and voiding difficulty (VD), together with urodynamic data at baseline and six months postimplant. Materials and Methods.? Twenty-two patients were implanted with a neurostimulator after a positive response to a percutaneous nerve evaluation test defined as a greater than 50% improvement in symptoms. Results.? At five-year follow-up, the number of incontinent episodes and pad usage per day decreased significantly in 10 out of 15 UI patients. Two of five UF patients were successfully treated with SNM; the number of daily voids for all UF patients decreased from 25 to 19 and average voided volume increased from 98 to 212 mL. One of the two VD patients was able to void to completion. Mean first sensation of filling at the six-month urodynamic investigation for the UI and UF patients increased from 78 to 241 mL and 141 to 232 mL, respectively, and the maximum bladder capacity increased from 292 to 352 mL and 223 to 318 mL, respectively. Five of 22 patients underwent device explant and one patient still has an inactive stimulator implanted. Conclusion.? SNM is an effective treatment modality that offers sustained clinical benefit in the majority of patients with refractory UI, UF, and VD that do not respond to other, more conservative therapies. PMID:22150896

Groenendijk, Pieter M; Lycklama À Nijeholt, August A B; Ouwerkerk, Theo J; van den Hombergh, Ubi

2007-10-01

214

Family intervention therapy in alcohol dependence syndrome: One-year follow-up study  

PubMed Central

Background: Among the various treatment modalities, family intervention is the most notable current advance in the area of psychosocial treatment of alcoholism. Aim: To assess the impact of family intervention therapy as an adjuvant to pharmacotherapy in alcohol-dependent subjects in a case-control study design. Materials and Methods: Thirty patients who satisfied DSM-IV Criteria for alcohol dependence syndrome were given the right package of family intervention therapy. Thirty age-, sex- and ‘marital status’-matched patients who satisfied the same diagnostic criteria were given only brief supportive psychotherapy. Both groups were assessed at base line, six months and at one year using Michigan Alcohol Screening Test, Motivation Scale, Rotter's Locus of Control, Family Intervention Pattern Scale and Presumptive Stressful Events Scale. Primary efficacy variable was cumulative abstinence duration, and secondary efficacy variables were relapse rate and time to first drink. Results: Family intervention therapy significantly reduced the severity of alcohol intake, improved the motivation to stop alcohol and changed the locus of control from external to internal in the study group. Control group experienced more severe stressful life events than the study group during the follow-up periods. Drop-out rate was comparable in both groups. Conclusion: Combining pharmacological treatment with appropriate psychosocial therapies focusing on the specific problem of the patient provides better outcome than either of these therapies given alone.

Suresh Kumar, P. N.; Thomas, Biju

2007-01-01

215

Twenty-four Years of Follow-Up for a Hanford Plutonium Wound Case  

SciTech Connect

A 1985 plutonium puncture wound resulted in the initial deposition of 48 kBq of transuranic alpha activity, primarily 239Pu and 241Am, in a worker’s right index finger. Surgical excisions in the week following reduced the long-term residual wound activity to 5.4 kBq, and 164 DTPA chelation therapy administrations over a 17-month period resulted in urinary excretion of about 7 kBq. The case was published in 1988, but now 20 additional years of follow-up data are available. Annual bioassay measurements have included wound counts, skeleton counts, liver counts, lung counts, axillary lymph node counts, and urinalyses for plutonium and 241Am. These measurements have shown relatively stable levels of 241Am at the wound site, with gradually increasing amounts of 241Am detected in the skeleton. Liver counts has shown erratic detection of 241Am, and lung counts indicate 241Am as shine from the axillary lymph nodes and skeleton. Urine excretion of 239Pu since termination of chelation therapy has typically ranged from 10 to 20 mBq d-1, with 241Am excretion being about 10% of that for 239Pu. In addition, the worker has undergone annual routine medical exams, which have not identified any adverse health effects associated with the intake.

Carbaugh, Eugene H.; Lynch, Timothy P.; Antonio, Cheryl L.; Medina-Del Valle, Fernando

2010-10-01

216

[Percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy: a 7 years experience long-term tube feeding. Follow-up].  

PubMed

Percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) is the first choice method for long-term enteral feeding when the digestive tube is undamaged and the patients' survival is longer than 2 months. There are increasing series and indications reported and although it is a safe technique we should take into account an appropriate patient selection. The aim of this work was to analyze the follow-up of the patients undergoing percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) at a hospital with high assistance level and one of the referents for organ transplantation in our community, with the peculiarities that this may have on our series. We analyze a cohort of 73 patients submitted to PEG during the years 2000-2007 at the Reina Sofía Hospital of Córdoba. Neurological and ENT neoplasms and upper GI tract neoplasms are among the most frequent causes, with similar results to those reported in other series. We highlight the number of young patients with cystic fibrosis (CF) in our series with nutritional support through PEG complementing oral and nocturnal feeding, which has lead to improved nutritional parameters before lung transplant. In consequence, we therefore analyze patients' selection and their characteristics, the ethical and moral implications in some of these patients, such in neurological patients, their complications, mortality, and we mention as being of interest the transient and well tolerated indication in a subgroup of CF patients that deserves special mention. PMID:21666980

Rodríguez Ortega, P; Calañas Continente, A; Molina Puertas, M J; Gutiérrez Alcántara, C; Benito López, P; Lavado Hernández, R

217

Predictors of New Onset Depression in Medically Ill, Disabled Older Adults at One Year Follow up  

PubMed Central

Objective While medical illness and physical disability are strongly associated with depression, the majority of older adults who experience medical illness or disability at any given time are not depressed. The aim of these analyses was to identify risk factors for new onset depression in a sample of medically ill, disabled older adults. Methods We used data from a representative sample of homebound older adults who recently started receiving Medicare home healthcare services for medical or surgical problems (N=539). We report on the rate and baseline predictors of new onset major or minor depression, using DSM-IV criteria and assessed by the SCID, at one-year follow. Our analyses were conducted with a subsample of older adults (N=268) who did not meet criteria for major or minor depression, and were not on an antidepressant medication at our baseline interview. Results At one year follow-up, 10% (28/268) of patients met criteria for either major (3%; 9/268) or minor depression (7%; 19/268). In multivariate analyses, we found that worse self-rated health (OR=.53, p=.042), more somatic depressive symptoms (OR=1.19, p=.015), greater number of ADL limitations at baseline (OR=1.63, p=.014) and greater decline in ADL functioning from baseline to one year (OR=1.59, p=.022) were all independently associated with onset depression. Conclusion These findings underscore the significant fluctuations in both depression and disability in high-risk older adults and suggest that both persistent and new onset disability increase the risk of depression. They may also help in designing preventive strategies to promote the ongoing good mental health of these high-risk patients over time.

Weinberger, Mark I.; Raue, Patrick J.; Meyers, Barnett S.; Bruce, Martha L.

2010-01-01

218

Exclusive Alternating Chemotherapy and Radiotherapy in Nonmetastatic Inflammatory Breast Cancer: 20 Years of Follow-Up  

SciTech Connect

Background: Locoregional treatment of inflammatory breast cancer (IBC) is crucial because local relapses may be highly symptomatic and are commonly associated with distant metastasis. With a median follow-up of 20 years, we report here the long-term results of a monocentric clinical trial combining primary chemotherapy (CT) with a schedule of anthracycline-based CT and an alternating split-course of radiotherapy (RT Asterisk-Operator CT) without mastectomy. Methods and Materials: From September 1983 to December 1989, 124 women with nonmetastatic IBC (T4d M0) were treated with three cycles of primary AVCMF chemotherapy (anthracycline, vincristine, cyclophosphamide, methotrexate, and 5-fluorouracil) and then an alternating RT Asterisk-Operator CT schedule followed by three cycles of FAC. Hormonal therapy was systematically administered: ovarian irradiation (12 Gy in four fractions) or tamoxifen 20 mg daily. Results: Local control was achieved in 82% of patients. The 10- and 20-year local relapse rates were 26% and 33%, respectively, but only 10% of locally controlled cases were not associated with concurrent distant metastasis. The 10- and 20-year overall survival rates were 39% and 19%, respectively. Severe fibrosis occurred in 54% of patients, grade 3 brachial plexus neuropathy in 4%, grade 2 pneumonitis in 9%. Grade 1, 2 and 3 cardiac toxicity was observed in 3.8%, 3.8% and 1.2% of cases respectively. Conclusions: This combined regimen allowed good long-term local control without surgery. Survival rates were similar to those obtained with conventional regimens (primary chemotherapy, total mastectomy, and adjuvant radiotherapy). Since IBC continues to be an entity with a dismal prognosis, this approach, safely combining preoperative or postoperative radiation therapy and systemic treatments, should be reassessed when suitable targeted agents are available.

Bourgier, Celine, E-mail: bourgier@igr.fr [Department of Radiation Oncology, Breast Unit, Institut Gustave Roussy, Villejuif (France); Pessoa, Eduardo Lima [Department of Radiation Oncology, Breast Unit, Institut Gustave Roussy, Villejuif (France); Dunant, Ariane [Biostatistics and Epidemiology Unit, Institut Gustave Roussy, Villejuif (France); Heymann, Steve [Department of Radiation Oncology, Breast Unit, Institut Gustave Roussy, Villejuif (France); Spielmann, Marc [Department of Medical Oncology, Institut Gustave Roussy, Villejuif (France); Uzan, Catherine [Department of Breast Surgery, Institut Gustave Roussy, Villejuif (France); Mathieu, Marie-Christine [Department of Pathology, Institut Gustave Roussy, Villejuif (France); Arriagada, Rodrigo [Department of Radiation Oncology, Breast Unit, Institut Gustave Roussy, Villejuif (France); Department of Radiation Oncology, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm (Sweden); Marsiglia, Hugo [Department of Radiation Oncology, Breast Unit, Institut Gustave Roussy, Villejuif (France); Radiation Department University of Florence, Florence (Italy)

2012-02-01

219

Wear rates of ceramic-on-ceramic bearing surfaces in total hip implants: A 12-year follow-up study  

Microsoft Academic Search

A retrospective clinical and radiographic analysis was performed on 58 patients (60 hips; mean age at time of surgery, 45.2 years) at a minimum of 10-year follow-up (mean, 12.7 years) after total hip replacement using a ceramic-on-ceramic bearing total hip implant (Autophor, Smith and Nephew, Memphis, TN). Mean wear rate at final follow-up was 0.21 mm, averaging 0.016 mm\\/y. There

Laith M. Jazrawi; Eric Bogner; Craig J. Della Valle; Frank S. Chen; Kevin I. Pak; Steven A. Stuchin; Victor H. Frankel; Paul E. Di Cesare

1999-01-01

220

Are breast implants anticarcinogenic? A 14-year follow-up of the Los Angeles Study.  

PubMed

Despite decades of use, the long-term safety of breast implants in women remains a concern. While the incidence of breast cancer among women has increased dramatically in the past decade, the implant-related risk of carcinoma of the breast only recently has received widespread attention. An additional concern is that the presence of the implant may delay tumor detection. This study allows examination of breast cancer risk and detection issues among patients with long-term exposure. We conducted a record linkage cohort study of cosmetic breast implant patients. We abstracted the records of the private practices of 35 broad-certified plastic surgeons in Los Angeles County, California. We included 3182 white women who received cosmetic breast implants between 1953 and 1980. Spanish-surnamed women, nonresidents of Los Angeles County, and patients with prior subcutaneous mastectomy or breast cancer were excluded. Cancer outcomes through 1991 have been ascertained through record linkage with the Los Angeles County Cancer Surveillance Program. With a median follow-up of 14.4 years, 31 breast cancer cases were observed, compared with 49.2 expected, based on Los Angeles County population-based incidence rates (standardized incidence ratio = 63.0 percent; 95 percent confidence limits: 42.8 and 89.5 percent). The distribution of stage of disease at diagnosis among women with implants did not differ from that of all similar breast cancer patients in Los Angeles County. In Los Angeles County, augmentation mammaplasty patients experience a significantly lower than expected risk of breast cancer and no delay in breast cancer detection after an average of 14.4 years of exposure. While the linkage methodology allows the possibility of failing to detect diagnosed cancer cases and does not permit collection of some pertinent risk factors, the six other published epidemiologic studies on the topic also report breast cancer risk to be at or below the expected rate. PMID:9105362

Deapen, D M; Bernstein, L; Brody, G S

1997-04-01

221

Overweight in Midlife and Risk of Dementia: A 40-Year Follow-up Study  

PubMed Central

Objective This study examines if overweight in midlife increases dementia risk later in life. Methods In 1963 Body Mass Index was assessed in 1152 participants of The Swedish Twin Registry, then at the age of 45 to 65 years. These participants were later screened for dementia in a prospective study with up to 40 years follow-up. A total of 312 participants were diagnosed with dementia. Results Logistic regression analyses, adjusted for demographic factors, smoking and alcohol habits, indicated that men and women categorized as overweight in their midlife had an elevated risk of dementia (OR = 1.59; 95% CI: 1.21 to 2.07, p = .002), Alzheimer’s disease (OR = 1.71; 95% CI: 1.24 to 2.35, p = .003), and vascular dementia (OR = 1.55; 95% CI: 0.98 to 2.47, p = .059). Further adjustments for diabetes and vascular diseases did not substantially affect the associations, except for vascular dementia (OR = 1.36; 95% CI: 0.82 to 2.56, p = .116), reflecting the significance of diabetes and vascular diseases in the aetiology of vascular dementia. There was no significant interaction between overweight and APOE ?4 status, indicating that having both risk factors does not have a multiplicative effect concerning dementia risk. Conclusions This study gives further support to the notion that overweight in midlife increases later risk of dementia. The risk is increased for both Alzheimer’s disease and vascular dementia, and follows the same pattern for men and women.

Hassing, Linda B.; Dahl, Anna K.; Thorvaldsson, Valgeir; Berg, Stig; Gatz, Margaret; Pedersen, Nancy L.; Johansson, Boo

2011-01-01

222

Adherence to Antiretroviral Therapy in Jinja, Uganda: A Six-Year Follow-Up Study  

PubMed Central

Introduction We report on the adherence experience of a group of people living with HIV on ART over six years in Uganda. Methods Between 2005 and 2009, we followed up 41 participants who were also part of a clinical trial comparing home and facility based delivery of ART in Jinja, eastern Uganda. We conducted qualitative in-depth interviews at enrolment, 3, 6, 18 and 30 months to capture experiences with adherence over time. In 2011 we returned to these participants to find out how they were fairing with long term adherence. We managed to retrace 24 participants and interviewed them about their experience. We thematically analysed the data and compared findings over time. Results Initially there were few barriers to adherence and many followed the adherence guidance closely. By year six, relaxation of these rules was noticeable although self-reported adherence continued to be high. Alcohol consumption was more common than before. Some relatives of the participants who had died claimed that some deaths were a result of alcohol. While participants reported that ART had allowed them to reclaim independence and return to work the changes in work and social routines created new challenges for adherence. Side effects like lipodystrophy were not only causing some stigma but for some tested their faith in the drugs. Many participants reported resumption of sexual lives but apart from those who selected same status partners, disclosure to new partners was minimal. Conclusion Good adherence practice to ART wanes over the long-term, and people who may have disclosed at initiation find it difficult to do so to new partners once they are healthy. Further adherence interventions and support with disclosure over the course of therapy may need to be considered. (Words: 283)

Mbonye, Martin; Seeley, Janet; Ssembajja, Fatuma; Birungi, Josephine; Jaffar, Shabbar

2013-01-01

223

Amblyopia treatment outcomes after screening before or at age 3 years: follow up from randomised trial  

PubMed Central

Objective To assess the effectiveness of early treatment for amblyopia in children. Design Follow up of outcomes of treatment for amblyopia in a randomised controlled trial comparing intensive orthoptic screening at 8, 12, 18, 25, 31, and 37 months (intensive group) with orthoptic screening at 37 months only (control group). Setting Avon, southwest England. Participants 3490 children who were part of a birth cohort study. Main outcome measures Prevalence of amblyopia and visual acuity of the worse seeing eye at 7.5 years of age. Results Amblyopia at 7.5 years was less prevalent in the intensive group than in the control group (0.6% v 1.8%; P=0.02). Mean visual acuities in the worse seeing eye were better for children who had been treated for amblyopia in the intensive group than for similar children in the control group (0.15 v 0.26 LogMAR units; P<0.001). A higher proportion of the children who were treated for amblyopia had been seen in a hospital eye clinic before 3 years of age in the intensive group than in the control group (48% v 13%; P=0.0002). Conclusions The intensive screening protocol was associated with better acuity in the amblyopic eye and a lower prevalence of amblyopia at 7.5 years of age, in comparison with screening at 37 months only. These data support the hypothesis that early treatment for amblyopia leads to a better outcome than later treatment and may act as a stimulus for research into feasible screening programmes. What is already known on this topicObservational studies have produced conflicting results about whether early treatment for amblyopia gives better results than later treatmentA recent systematic review highlighted the lack of high quality data available and recommended the cessation of preschool vision screening programmesThis has led to fierce debate and to confusion about the provision of vision screening servicesWhat this study addsChildren treated for amblyopia are four times more likely to remain amblyopic if they were screened at 37 months only than if they were screened repeatedly between 8 and 37 monthsChildren screened early can see an average of one line more with their amblyopic eye after treatment than children screened at 37 monthsEarly treatment is more effective than later treatment for amblyopia, supporting the principle of preschool vision screening

Williams, C; Northstone, K; Harrad, R A; Sparrow, J M; Harvey, I

2002-01-01

224

Trabeculectomy with double low dose of mitomycin C - two years of follow-up  

PubMed Central

Purpose To evaluate the efficacy and the safety of a surgical technique in which classic trabeculectomy ab externo is performed with a double application of low-dose mitomycin C (MMC) in uncontrolled open-angle glaucoma (OAG) patients. Method A consecutive series of 43 white patients (43 eyes) with uncontrolled primary OAG underwent trabeculectomy surgery. A double application of MMC (0.1%) was performed: the first under the Tenon’s capsule for 3 minutes, and the second below the scleral flap for 1 or 2 minutes, according to the risk factors. Complete success was defined as intraocular pressure (IOP) <14 mmHg without any additional glaucoma surgery or medication. Qualified success was defined as IOP <14 mmHg with additional needling revision. Results Mean preoperative IOP was 29.9 mmHg (SD 3.8) for all eyes evaluated. At 1 day postoperative, mean IOP was 6.7 mmHg (SD 1.26). At the end of the first 2 weeks postoperative, mean IOP was 8.6 mmHg (SD 1.7), at 12 months mean IOP was 11.3 mmHg (SD 1.4; P < 0.0001) and at 24 months mean IOP was 11.4 mmHg (SD 1.5; P < 0.0001). At 3 months, two eyes (5.4%) underwent needling of the bleb for cystic blebs formation. Conclusion In this study we presented the results after 2 years of follow-up of OAG undergoing trabeculectomy with dual administration of MMC (0.1 mg/mL). After 24 months, complete success was achieved in 93% of patients and a qualified success in 100% of patients.

Errico, Donato; Scrimieri, Francesca; Riccardi, Roberta; Fedeli, Romolo; Iarossi, Giancarlo

2011-01-01

225

Serum Adiponectin and Type 2 Diabetes: A 6-Year Follow-Up Cohort Study  

PubMed Central

Background Studies on factors which may predict the risk of diabetes are scarce. This prospective cohort study was conducted to determine the association between adiponectin and type 2 diabetes among Korean men and women. Methods A total of 42,845 participants who visited one of seven health examination centers located in Seoul and Gyeonggi province, Republic of Korea between 2004 and 2008 were included in this study. The incidence rates of diabetes were determined through December 2011. To evaluate the effects of adiponectin on type 2 diabetes, the Cox proportional hazard model was used. Results Of the 40,005 participants, 959 developed type 2 diabetes during a 6-year follow-up. After the adjustment for age, body mass index (BMI), and waist circumference, the risks for type 2 diabetes in participants with normoglycemia had a 1.70-fold (95% confidence interval [CI], 1.21 to 2.38) increase in men and a 1.83-fold (95% CI, 1.17 to 2.86) increase in women with the lowest tertile of adiponectin when compared to the highest tertile of adiponectin. For participants with impaired fasting glucose (IFG), the risk for type 2 diabetes had a 1.46-fold (95% CI, 1.17 to 1.83) increase in men and a 2.52-fold (95% CI, 1.57 to 4.06) increase in women with the lowest tertile of adiponectin. Except for female participants with normoglycemia, all the risks remained significant after the adjustment for fasting glucose and other confounding variables. Surprisingly, BMI and waist circumference were not predictors of type 2 diabetes in men or women with IFG after adjustment for fasting glucose and other confounders. Conclusion A strong association between adiponectin and diabetes was observed. The use of adiponectin as a predictor of type 2 diabetes is considered to be useful.

Ahn, Chul Woo; Park, Jong Suk; Park, Chang Gyu; Kim, Hyon-Suk; Lee, Sang-Hak; Park, Sungha; Lee, Myoungsook; Lee, Chang Beom; Park, Hye Soon; Kimm, Heejin; Choi, Sung Hee; Sung, Jidong; Oh, Seungjoon; Joung, Hyojee; Kim, Sung Rae; Youn, Ho-Joong; Kim, Sun Mi; Lee, Hong Soo; Mok, Yejin; Choi, Eunmi; Yun, Young Duk; Baek, Soo-Jin; Jo, Jaeseong; Huh, Kap Bum

2013-01-01

226

Relocation of ventricular catheter trough ventriculostomy due to congenital unilateral hydrocephalus: Nine year follow-up  

PubMed Central

Background: Congenital unilateral hydrocephalus is an uncommon entity occurring almost exclusively in children. Atresia, stenosis, membranous occlusion and even functional obstruction of the foramen of Monro have been described to be the main cause of this type of hydrocephalus. There are two options available in the surgical management of unilateral hydrocephalus: one is the placement of shunt CSF diversion from the dilated ventricle and the other is fenestration of the occluded foramen of Monro or septum pellucidum by endoscopy or by stereotactic method. Migration of the ventriculoperitoneal (VP) shunt in or out of ventricles is not so uncommon, but the relocation of the ventricular tip of a catheter from the ventricle into the quadrigeminal cisterns and superior vermis in association with ventriculostomy is extremely rare. Spontaneous ventriculostomy is a rare event and results from spontaneous rupture of a ventricle into the subarachnoid space. Case Description: A 5½-month-old baby with a right-sided congenital unilateral hydrocephalus underwent a VP shunt andhad experienced an uneventful outcome. Four years later on an MR imaging examination, the tip of the ventricular catheter passing through the medial wall of the ventricle and the quadrigeminal cistern was found to be situated in the superior vermis. During the follow-up period, there were no neurological difficulties. The cognitive and motor skill development corresponded well with the child's age. It transpired that the hydrocephalic ventricle reduced its size dramatically to normal. Conclusion: We have described the extremely rare site of the relocation of the ventricular catheter after the treatment of the congenital unilateral hydrocephalus by VP shunting. Spontaneous ventriculostomy as a rare phenomenon may be the explanation of the relocation of the ventricular catheter.

Zoran, Milenkovic J.; Biljana, Stevanovic S.; Ivana, Markovic P.

2011-01-01

227

Art and memory: A 7-year follow-up of herpes encephalitis in a professional artist  

Microsoft Academic Search

Improvement following acute disorders giving rise to severe amnesia may be more common than is generally assumed, although there have been relatively few follow-up studies in herpes encephalitis. Patient DJ is a professional artist whose herpes encephalitis was remarkably unilateral, affecting the left temporal lobe. This resulted in severe impairments of episodic memory, naming and word-finding, and a surface dyslexia.

Nicola Stanhope; Michael D. Kopelman

2000-01-01

228

Freshman to Senior Year: A Follow-Up Study of Identity, Narcissism, and Defense Mechanisms  

Microsoft Academic Search

The identity status, narcissism, and use of defense mechanisms of 89 college seniors who had previously been assessed as they entered college (Cramer, 1995) was determined. As compared to earlier follow-up studies, fewer students were found in the Foreclosed status, and more students remained in Moratorium. Support was found for the previously made predictions that change in identity status would

Phebe Cramer

1998-01-01

229

Two-Year Follow-Up of Behavioral Treatment and Maintenance for Body Dysmorphic Disorder  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent research has suggested that body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) is part of the obsessivecompulsive spectrum of disorders. As such, it has been hypothesized that these disorders respond in a similar manner to obsessive-compulsive disorder when behavioral interventions are used. A continuation of follow-up was conducted with a group of patients with BDD following treatment. Ten patients completed an intensive behavioral

Dean McKay

1999-01-01

230

Arthroscopic subacromial decompression: Two to seven-year follow-up  

Microsoft Academic Search

Arthroscopic subacromial decompression (ASD) was performed in 88 patients (90 shoulders) with stage II or early III impingement syndrome of the shoulder unresponsive to nonoperative treatment. The purpose of this retrospective study was to evaluate the follow-up an average of 41 months (range 24 to 82 months) after surgery. We wished to compare results in (1) patients with and without

Robert P. Roye; William A. Grana; Carlan K. Yates

1995-01-01

231

Resolving Attachment Injuries in Couples Using Emotionally Focused Therapy: A Three-Year Follow-Up  

Microsoft Academic Search

Couples who seek therapy for marital distress often do so because they have suffered an attachment injury, characterized by an abandonment or betrayal during a time of critical need. This follow-up assessed the efficacy of the newly developed Attachment Injury Resolution Model based in Emotionally Focused Therapy (EFT). Twelve couples with attachment injuries who received EFT were assessed to determine

Rebecca E. Halchuk; Judy A. Makinen; Susan M. Johnson

2010-01-01

232

Effects of Stimulant Medication on Growth Rates across 3 Years in the MTA Follow-up  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: To evaluate the hypothesis of stimulant medication effect on physical growth in the follow-up phase of the Multimodal Treatment Study of Children With ADHD. Method: Naturalistic subgroups were established based on patterns of treatment with stimulant medication at baseline, 14-, 24-, and 36-month assessments: not medicated (n = 65),…

Swanson, James M.; Elliott, Glen R.; Greenhill, Laurence L.; Wigal, Timothy; Arnold, L. Eugene; Vitiello, Benedetto; Hechtman, Lily; Epstein, Jeffery N.; Pelham, William E.; Abikoff, Howard B.; Newcorn, Jeffrey H.; Molina, Brooke S. G.; Hinshaw, Stephen P.; Wells, Karen C.; Hoza, Betsy; Jensen, Peter S.; Gibbons, Robert D.; Hur, Kwan; Stehli, Annamarie; Davies, Mark; March, John S.; Conners, C. Keith; Caron, Mark; Volkow, Nora D.

2007-01-01

233

A Three-Year Follow-Up of Hypnosis and Restricted Environmental Stimulation Therapy for Smoking  

Microsoft Academic Search

Clinical follow-up data were obtained from 307 clients. Clinicians' experience level, contact time, and procedural thoroughness varied in 6 interventions for smoking cessation. An additional intervention combined hypnosis with restricted environmental stimulation therapy (REST). The major results suggest positive treatment outcomes to be related to greater hypnotizability, absorption, hypnotist experience level, procedural thoroughness, and client-therapist contact time. The least effective

Arreed F. Barabasz; Lee Baer; David V. Sheehan; Marianne Barabasz

1986-01-01

234

Academic Performance of the Community College Transfer Student: A Five-Year Follow-Up Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In an attempt to measure the efficacy of a college parallel program, a follow-up of 204 community college students was conducted. Grades earned by those students at both colleges correlated +.65. GPA dropped during the first semester after transfer, indicating the effects of transfer shock. (Author)|

Nolan, Edwin J.; Hall, Donald L.

1978-01-01

235

Meniscal allograft transplantation: A 1- to 5-year follow-up of 22 patients  

Microsoft Academic Search

Between October 1991 and December 1995, a total of 22 patients (23 knees) underwent meniscal transplantation with nonirradiated, cryopreserved allografts. Implantation was arthroscopically assisted using bone plugs to prevent meniscal extrusion and maintain weight-bearing functional position. Patients were evaluated with an average follow-up of 40 months (range, 13 to 69 months) using the International Knee Documentation Committee, Lysholm, and Tegner

George T. Stollsteimer; Walter R. Shelton; Andrea Dukes; Anna Laura Bomboy

2000-01-01

236

Effects of Stimulant Medication on Growth Rates across 3 Years in the MTA Follow-up  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Objective: To evaluate the hypothesis of stimulant medication effect on physical growth in the follow-up phase of the Multimodal Treatment Study of Children With ADHD. Method: Naturalistic subgroups were established based on patterns of treatment with stimulant medication at baseline, 14-, 24-, and 36-month assessments: not medicated (n = 65),…

Swanson, James M.; Elliott, Glen R.; Greenhill, Laurence L.; Wigal, Timothy; Arnold, L. Eugene; Vitiello, Benedetto; Hechtman, Lily; Epstein, Jeffery N.; Pelham, William E.; Abikoff, Howard B.; Newcorn, Jeffrey H.; Molina, Brooke S. G.; Hinshaw, Stephen P.; Wells, Karen C.; Hoza, Betsy; Jensen, Peter S.; Gibbons, Robert D.; Hur, Kwan; Stehli, Annamarie; Davies, Mark; March, John S.; Conners, C. Keith; Caron, Mark; Volkow, Nora D.

2007-01-01

237

Relapses of Onychomycosis after Successful Treatment with Systemic Antifungals: A Three-Year Follow-Up  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: Data about relapses of onychomycosis after treatment with the new systemic antifungals vary among the different studies, with figures ranging from 3 to 20% for terbinafine and from 21 to 27% for itraconazole, depending on the follow-up duration. Objective: To determine the prevalence of relapses of onychomycosis cured by terbinafine compared with that of onychomycosis cured by itraconazole. Methods:

A. Tosti; B. M. Piraccini; C. Stinchi; M. D. Colombo

1998-01-01

238

Eight-Year Follow-Up Study of Black Hawk College's Non-Traditional Degree Graduates.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|During 1980, Black Hawk Community College conducted a follow-up study of the 92 students who had graduated with an Associate in Liberal Arts (ALS) degree since 1973. The degree differs from the college's more traditional degrees in emphasizing less restrictive residency requirements, opportunities to develop a personalized course of instruction,…

Stevens, Mary A.

239

Oxamniquine Treatment for Schistosomal Polyposis: A 1-2 Year Follow-Up Study,  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A follow-up was carried out into the study of schistosomal colonic polyposis reported in the last article. Eighteen patients with schistosomal colonic polyposis were treated with oxamniquine and their progress was evaluated for 2-3 weeks after treatment, ...

N. A. El-Masry Z. Farid S. Bassily M. E. Kilpatrick R. H. Watten

1986-01-01

240

The positive effect of posterolateral lumbar spinal fusion is preserved at long-term follow-up: a RCT with 11–13 year follow-up  

Microsoft Academic Search

Introduction Few studies have investigated the long-term effect of posterolateral lumbar spinal fusion on functional outcome. Aim To investigate the long-term result after posterolateral lumbar spinal fusion with and without pedicle screw instrumentation.\\u000a Methods Questionnaire survey of 129 patients originally randomised to posterolateral lumbar spinal fusion with or without pedicle\\u000a screw instrumentation. Follow-up included Dallas Pain Questionnaire (DPQ), Oswestry Disability

Thomas Andersen; Tina S. Videbæk; Ebbe S. Hansen; Cody Bünger; Finn B. Christensen

2008-01-01

241

Coffee, tea, caffeine and risk of breast cancer: a 22-year follow-up.  

PubMed

The relation between consumption of coffee, tea and caffeine and risk of breast cancer remains unsettled. We examined data from a large, long-term cohort study to evaluate whether high intake of coffee and caffeine is associated with increased risk of breast cancer. This was a prospective cohort study with 85,987 female participants in the Nurses' Health Study. Consumption of coffee, tea and caffeine consumption was assessed in 1980, 1984, 1986, 1990, 1994, 1998 and the follow-up continued through 2002. We documented 5,272 cases of invasive breast cancer during 1,715,230 person-years. The multivariate relative risks (RRs) of breast cancer across categories of caffeinated coffee consumption were: 1.0 for <1 cup/month (reference category), 1.01 (95% confidence interval: 0.92-1.12) for 1 month to 4.9 week, 0.92 (0.84-1.01) for 5 week to 1.9 days, 0.93 (0.85-1.02) for 2-3.9 days, 0.92 (0.82-1.03) for >or=4 cups per day (p for trend = 0.14). Intakes of tea and decaffeinated coffee were also not significantly associated with risk of breast cancer. RRs (95% CI) for increasing quintiles of caffeine intake were 1.00, 0.98 (0.90-1.07), 0.92 (0.84-1.00), 0.94 (0.87-1.03) and 0.93 (0.85-1.01) (p for trend = 0.06). A significant inverse association of caffeine intake with breast cancers was observed among postmenopausal women; for the highest quintile of intake compared to the lowest RR 0.88 (95% CI = 0.79-0.97, p for trend = 0.03). We observed no substantial association between caffeinated and decaffeinated coffee and tea consumption and risk of breast cancer in the overall cohort. However, our results suggested a weak inverse association between caffeine-containing beverages and risk of postmenopausal breast cancer. PMID:18183588

Ganmaa, Davaasambuu; Willett, Walter C; Li, Tricia Y; Feskanich, Diane; van Dam, Rob M; Lopez-Garcia, Esther; Hunter, David J; Holmes, Michelle D

2008-05-01

242

A 2–4 year follow up of depressive symptoms, suicidal ideation, and suicide attempts among adolescent psychiatric inpatients  

Microsoft Academic Search

One hundred eleven (58%) of 191 adolescent inpatients previously admitted to the emergency wards at the Child and Adolescent\\u000a Psychiatric Clinics in the cities of Uppsala and Göteborg participated in a 2–4 year follow-up evaluation. The prevalence,\\u000a incidence, and stability of depressive symptoms, suicidal ideation, and suicide attempts among the adolescents, and predictors\\u000a of follow-up functioning were examined. Although a

T. Ivarsson; B. Larsson; C. Gillberg

1998-01-01

243

Prospective follow-up study lasting 2 years in patients with panic disorder with and without depressive disorders  

Microsoft Academic Search

A group of 52 patients presenting at an outpatient unit for anxiety disorders were included consecutively in a prospective 2-year follow-up study. Patients were administered to a structured interview for DSM-III-R diagnoses, a follow-up interview (LIFE), and various other ratings. Sociodemographic and illness-history characteristics, levels of anxiety and depressive symptoms, as well as psychosocial impairment, were evaluated at baseline and

Gabriele Scheibe; Margot Albus

1994-01-01

244

Lymphocytic tumours of indeterminate nature: a 5-year follow-up of 98 conjunctival and orbital lesions.  

PubMed Central

Ninety-eight adnexal lymphocytic tumours of indeterminate nature have been followed up for at least 5 years. Both non-disseminating and disseminating tumours have either very similar or identical histopathological features. It is not possible to make a definitive diagnosis when the lesions are first seen, and a conclusion can be reached only after a prolonged follow-up. The nature of the non-disseminating tumours is unknown. Images

Morgan, G.; Harry, J.

1978-01-01

245

Treatment Outcomes and Mediators of Parent Management Training: A One-Year Follow-Up of Children with Conduct Problems  

Microsoft Academic Search

This effectiveness study presents the results of a 1-year follow-up of a randomized controlled trial of Parent Management Training. Families of 112 Norwegian girls and boys with clinic-level conduct problems participated, and 75 (67%) families were retained at follow-up. Children ranged in age from 4 to 12 at intake (M = 8.44). Families randomized to the control group received an active treatment

Kristine Amlund Hagen; Terje Ogden; Gunnar Bjørnebekk

2011-01-01

246

Complication and survival of Mark II restorations: 4-year clinical follow-up.  

PubMed

A total of 163 monolithic restorations made from Vitablocs Mark II and luted adhesively or with resin cement were followed up for 3 to 70 months. Recall consisted of an evaluation of complete dental and hygiene status as well as quality assessment. Seven of 35 patients were lost to follow-up. Ninety-one percent of the 37 crowns, 23 partial crowns, and 89 inlays evaluated were in the posterior region. Combined survival estimate was 0.92 at the 48-month median observation time. Inlays and partial crowns performed well. Prevalence of complication and failure was highest for crowns (CP = 37.8%, FP = 21.6%). The results demonstrate that success relates to patient factors and restoration type, not luting protocol. PMID:23626983

Klink, Andrea; Huettig, Fabian

247

Meniscal Repair With Biofix ArrowsResults After 4.7 YearsFollow-Up  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: Absorbable meniscus arrows have, since they were introduced in 1993, become a common all-inside technique in meniscal repair. Potential advantages are conserving the meniscus, simplifying the surgical technique, reducing operating time, and reducing the risk of neurovascular damage. Despite extensive use all over the world, few long-term follow-up studies have been published.Hypothesis: Meniscus arrows have, based on published material,

Tone Gifstad; Torbjørn Grøntvedt; Jon Olav Drogset

2007-01-01

248

Fifteen-Year Follow-Up of Hand Eczema: Predictive Factors  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of this study was to identify factors of importance for the long-term prognosis of hand eczema in the general population. In a 15-y follow-up, 868 (78%) individuals with hand eczema, diagnosed and clinically examined in a previous population-based study, answered a postal questionnaire with questions concerning persistence of the disease. In a logistic regression model, the extent of

Birgitta Meding; Karin Wrangsjö; Bengt Järvholm

2005-01-01

249

Ten to 14Year Follow-up of the Nirschl Surgical Technique for Lateral Epicondylitis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: Good to excellent short-term results have been reported for the surgical treatment of lateral epicondylitis using various surgical techniques.Hypothesis: Surgical treatment for lateral epicondylitis using the mini-open Nirschl surgical technique will lead to durable results at long-term follow-up.Study Design: Case series; Level of evidence, 4.Methods: Records from 139 consecutive surgical procedures (130 patients) for lateral epicondylitis performed by 1

Jonathan H. Dunn; John J. Kim; Lonnie Davis; Robert P. Nirschl

2008-01-01

250

Evaluation of penile revascularization for erectile dysfunction: a 10-year follow-up  

Microsoft Academic Search

The objective of this study was to report long-term success rates for penile revascularization (PR) and investigate factors responsible for failures. During the past 10 y, data were obtained on 52 patients who underwent PR. Surgical technique was selected according to preoperative arteriographic findings. The mean age was 28.5 y and the mean follow-up was 70.8 months. Success was defined

Y Vardi; I Gruenwald; U Gedalia; S Nassar; A Engel; Y Har-Shai

2004-01-01

251

Dimensions of Post-Stroke Fatigue: A Two-Year Follow-Up Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: The aim of this study was to examine the course of poststroke fatigue in a cohort of first-time stroke patients compared to the general population, and to identify clinically relevant features of post-stroke fatigue. Methods: We performed a follow-up study of 165 patients with first-time stroke admitted to acute stroke units at the Aarhus University Hospital, Denmark. A reference

Doris Christensen; Soeren Paaske Johnsen; Torquil Watt; Ingegerd Harder; Marit Kirkevold; Grethe Andersen

2008-01-01

252

Screening Prescription Drugs for Possible Carcinogenicity: Eleven to Fifteen Years of Follow-up1  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using computerized pharmacy records from 1969 to 1973 for a cohort of 143,574 members of the Kaiser Permanente Medical Care Program, we have been testing associations of 215 drugs or drug groups with subsequent incidence of cancer at 56 sites. This paper presents findings with follow-up through 1984. There were 227 statistically significant (P < 0.05, two-tailed) associations: 170 positive,

Joseph V. Selby; Gary D. Friedman; Bruce H. Fireman

253

Six years of GRB follow up with MITSuME Okayama Telescope  

SciTech Connect

MITSuME Okayama Telescope is an autonomous telescope with a diameter of 50 cm dedicated primarily to follow-up {gamma}-ray bursts. The telescope has successfully been in operation since 2004. We have made 131 observations of {gamma}-ray bursts and submitted 47 reports to GCN circulars. In this article, we present an overview of the instrumentation and scientific results obtained so far.

Yanagisawa, Kenshi; Kuroda, Daisuke; Shimizu, Yasuhiro; Nagayama, Shogo; Toda, Hiroyuki [Okayama Astrophysical Observatory, Kamogata, Asakuchi, Okayama 719-0232 (Japan); Yoshida, Michitoshi [Hiroshima University, Higashi-Hiroshima, Hiroshima, 739-8526 (Japan); Ohta, Kouji [Kyoto University, Sakyo-ku, Kita-shirakawa, Kyoto, 606-8502 (Japan); Kawai, Nobuyuki [Tokyo Institute of Technology, Ookayama, Meguro, Tokyo, 152-8551 (Japan)

2010-10-15

254

Vertical banded gastroplasty in the treatment of morbid obesity: results of three year follow up.  

PubMed Central

Vertical banded gastroplasty has replaced jejunoileal bypass in the surgical treatment of morbid obesity. Although this procedure carries a low incidence of early postoperative complications there is little information on either longer term follow up or the impact on nutritional status. The present study describes the outcome in 42 patients with morbid obesity who underwent vertical banded gastroplasty and were followed up in a special nutrition clinic between nine and 36 months postoperatively. Body mass index (BMI) fell from a preoperative value of 47.4 (6.7) kg/m2 (mean (SD] to 37.5 (5.8), 35 (6.2), 33.9 (6.1), and 33.1 (5.7) kg/m2 at 6, 12, 24, and 36 months respectively. Immediate postoperative complications were minimal but during follow up four patients developed stenosis of the gastroplasty stoma and required reoperation. Plasma albumen concentrations were maintained but three patients developed iron deficiency anaemia. Most patients were able to eat a normal diet in reduced quantities and noted a marked improvement in the quality of life. The benefits and safety of vertical banded gastroplasty suggest an important role for this operation in the management of morbid obesity.

Carr, N D; Harrison, R A; Tomkins, A; Baughen, R; Demmer, S; Godfrey, J; Clark, C G

1989-01-01

255

Lifestyle counselling targeting infant's mother during the child's first year and offspring weight development until 4 years of age: a follow-up study of a cluster RCT  

PubMed Central

Objective To investigate the effect of intensified lifestyle counselling targeting infants' mothers on offspring weight development during the first 4?years of life. Design and setting Follow-up of a cluster-randomised controlled trial in primary care child health clinics during 2004–2006 in Finland. Participants received a follow-up survey during 2010 concerning weight and height measurements of their offspring. Number of clusters was six and the response rate to the follow-up 71.9% (N=64/89). Participants The participants (N=89) were mothers of infants aged 2–10?months. Intervention The intervention included individual counselling on diet and physical activity when the infant was 2–10?months of age and an option to attend supervised group exercise sessions. Primary and secondary outcome measures The authors analysed the secondary outcome of the intervention study: the weight development of the offspring. The primary outcome was the proportion of women returning to their prepregnancy weight by 10?months post partum, reported earlier. Results Multilevel mixed effect non-linear regression models included group, age of the child and interaction between group and age of the child. The increase of BMI z-score between 24 and 48?months was slower among the intervention group offspring (?0.034 to ?0.002, p=0.028) as compared with control group. Z-scores for weight-for-length/height did not differ between groups when the period 0–48?months was analysed (p=0.23) but for the period of 24–48?months, between-group differences were significant (p=0.012). Conclusions Lifestyle counselling targeting mothers during the child's first year may be effective in slowing offspring weight gain until 4?years of age. However, larger studies are needed to confirm the findings which may have the potential in combatting the obesity epidemic. Trial registration number Current Controlled Trials ISRCTN21512277.

Raitanen, Jani; Keskinen, Paivi; Saari, Antti; Luoto, Riitta

2012-01-01

256

Determinants of all causes of death in samples of Italian middle-aged men followed up for 25 years  

Microsoft Academic Search

A total of 1712 men aged 40 to 59 years in two rural cohorts of northern and central Italy have been followed up for 25 years after an entry examination in 1960. Forty one individual characteristics have been considered as possible predictors of death in the next 25 years. After exclusion of 55 men with life threatening diseases (cardiovascular and

A Menotti; S Mariotti; F Seccareccia; S Torsello; F Dima

1987-01-01

257

Arthroscopic subacromial decompression: two- to seven-year follow-up.  

PubMed

Arthroscopic subacromial decompression (ASD) was performed in 88 patients (90 shoulders) with stage II or early III impingement syndrome of the shoulder unresponsive to nonoperative treatment. The purpose of this retrospective study was to evaluate the follow-up an average of 41 months (range 24 to 82 months) after surgery. We wished to compare results in (1) patients with and without rotator cuff tears, (2) in athletes and nonathletes, and (3) in throwers and nonthrowers. Patients were evaluated by (1) Neer's Criteria for Satisfactory Result, (2) the UCLA Shoulder RAting Scale, (3) the Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons Rating Scale, (4) a detailed questionnaire, and (5) patient satisfaction. In the follow-up group (n = 90), 80% met Neer's criteria for satisfactory result; 94% had satisfactory results by the UCLA Shoulder Scale; 95% had a satisfactory result by the Shoulder and Elbow Society Scale; and 93% of shoulder patients expressed satisfaction at follow-up. There were no statistically significant differences in function between the group without rotator cuff tear (n = 47) and the group with rotator cuff tear (n = 43). Satisfactory results were obtained in 68% of throwing athletes and in 90% of nonthrowing athletes (P < .05) by the Neer Rating, whereas only 50% of competitive baseball and softball pitchers had satisfactory results. Out impression is that ASD is an acceptable alternative to open anterior acromioplasty with comparable results for the treatment of the impingement lesion. There were no differences in result in patients who had a partial rotator cuff tear and those who had no tear.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS) PMID:7632306

Roye, R P; Grana, W A; Yates, C K

1995-06-01

258

Community-acquired methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus pneumonia and ARDS: 1-year follow-up.  

PubMed

Reported infections due to methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) are increasing. Although most of these cases are skin and skin structure infections, necrotizing pneumonias also have been reported. Recently, reports of community-acquired MRSA (CA-MRSA) pneumonia have documented that it is a severe necrotizing pneumonia and often is fatal. To our knowledge, no previous reports have examined the long-term recovery of patients who have had this condition. We present a case of confirmed CA-MRSA necrotizing pneumonia with post-hospital discharge follow-up involving radiologic imaging and pulmonary function testing. PMID:19892681

Napolitano, Lena M; Brunsvold, Melissa E; Reddy, Raju C; Hyzy, Robert C

2009-11-01

259

Twenty year follow up of patients in the Medical Research Council trial of anticoagulants in acute myocardial infarction  

Microsoft Academic Search

A 20 year follow up of 1330 patients in the Medical Research Council trial of short term anticoagulant treatment in myocardial infarction showed no long term benefits; but it provided interesting data on the outcome in such patients. Sixteen per cent of the patients were alive 20 years later. The excess mortality rate in trial participants over that expected for

A S Douglas; L Colwell; G Rose

1987-01-01

260

Teacher-Mediated Intervention after Disaster: A Controlled Three-Year Follow-Up of Children's Functioning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Child survivors of a catastrophic earthquake in Turkey were evaluated three and a half years after the event, and three years after a sub-group participated in a teacher-mediated intervention developed by the authors. The goal of this follow-up study was to determine the long-term effectiveness of the original intervention. Methods:…

Wolmer, Leo; Laor, Nathaniel; Dedeoglu, Ceyda; Siev, Joanna; Yazgan, Yanki

2005-01-01

261

A follow?up study of one group of achievers and underachievers four years after high school graduation  

Microsoft Academic Search

A four?year follow?up study comparing gifted achievers and underachievers examined college attendance, academic performance, involvement in campus activities, type of institution attended, number of declared majors, career direction, and satisfaction with life developments since high school. All achievers attended college, were more sure of career direction, completed more years of college, and were more involved in campus activities than were

Jean Sunde Peterson

2000-01-01

262

Papillary thyroid carcinoma: a 10 year follow-up report of the impact of therapy in 576 patients  

Microsoft Academic Search

Data from 576 patients with papillary thyroid cancer were retrospectively analyzed. With a median follow-up of 10 years and three months, there were six deaths from, and 84 recurrences of, thyroid cancer. Of the latter, 16 (19 percent) could not be eradicated. Death from thyroid cancer occurred only in those 30 years of age or over at the time of

Ernest L. Mazzaferri; Robert L. Young

1981-01-01

263

Modular cementless cup for total hip arthroplasty: results at 4-year follow-up.  

PubMed

The aim is to perform the assessment of a modular cementless acetabular cup with a tapered internal design for all bearing couplings. In 190 unselected consecutive patients, 207 total hip arthroplasties were implanted. The implants were clinically and radiographically evaluated. Follow-up was 49.7 ± 8.1 months. The average Harris hip score improved from 55.5 ± 5.7 to 94.7 ± 3.4 (P < 0.05). All cups were well-positioned and stable. The Kaplan-Maier cumulative survivorship was 98.5 ± 0.8%. No significant differences have been noted in dividing patients according to the different liner materials (P < 0.005). The study, whose rationale is the novelty of this kind of implant, suggests the efficacy of the Delta-PF acetabular cup. PMID:22223107

Bistolfi, Alessandro; Massazza, Giuseppe; Rosso, Federica; Ventura, Stefano; Lagalla, Francesco; Crova, Maurizio

2012-01-06

264

Floating shoulders: Clinical and radiographic analysis at a mean follow-up of 11 years  

PubMed Central

Context: The floating shoulder (FS) is an uncommon injury, which can be managed conservatively or surgically. The therapeutic option remains controversial. Aims: The goal of our study was to evaluate the long-term results and to identify predictive factors of functional outcomes. Settings and Design: Retrospective monocentric study. Materials and Methods: Forty consecutive FS were included (24 nonoperated and 16 operated) from 1984 to 2009. Clinical results were assessed with Simple Shoulder Test (SST), Oxford Shoulder Score (OSS), Single Assessment Numeric Evaluation (SANE), Short Form-12 (SF12), Disabilities of the Arm Shoulder and Hand score (DASH), and Constant score (CST). Plain radiographs were reviewed to evaluate secondary displacement, fracture healing, and modification of the lateral offset of the gleno-humeral joint (chest X-rays). New radiographs were made to evaluate osteoarthritis during follow-up. Statistical Analysis Used: T-test, Mann-Whitney test, and the Pearson's correlation coefficient were used. The significance level was set at 0.05. Results: At mean follow-up of 135 months (range 12-312), clinical results were satisfactory regarding different mean scores: SST 10.5 points, OSS 14 points, SANE 81%, SF12 (50 points and 60 points), DASH 14.5 points and CST 84 points. There were no significant differences between operative and non-operative groups. However, the loss of lateral offset influenced the results negatively. Osteoarthritis was diagnosed in five patients (12.5%) without correlation to fracture patterns and type of treatment. Conclusions: This study advocates that floating shoulder may be treated conservatively and surgically with satisfactory clinical long-term outcomes. However, the loss of gleno-humeral lateral offset should be evaluated carefully before taking a therapeutic option.

Pailhes, ReI gis; Bonnevialle, Nicolas; Laffosse, JeanMichel; Tricoire, JeanLouis; Cavaignac, Etienne; Chiron, Philippe

2013-01-01

265

One-year follow-up of combined parent and child intervention for young children with ADHD.  

PubMed

Efficacies of the Incredible Years (IY) interventions are well-established in children with oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) but not among those with a primary diagnosis of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). We sought to evaluate 1-year follow-up outcomes among young children with ADHD who were treated with the IY interventions. Four- to 6-year-olds with ADHD (n = 49, 73% male) participated in 6 months of treatment using the IY parent and child interventions. Immediate posttreatment results indicated improvements in parenting, children's externalizing and attention problems, and social contact at school. At 1-year follow up, 22 of 27 variables that showed significant posttreatment effects demonstrated maintenance to 1-year follow up. Children with higher ODD symptoms at baseline showed more improvement in oppositionality and total behavior problems, and their mothers showed more improvement on harsh discipline scores. Approximately 70 to 75% of children were reported by their parents and teachers to fall below clinical cutoffs on measures of externalizing symptoms at the 1-year follow up (compared to 50% at baseline), and more than 50% fell below clinical cutoffs on measures of hyperactivity and inattentiveness (all were in the clinical range at baseline). Children with ADHD who were treated with the IY parent and child treatment programs showed maintenance of treatment effects 1 year after treatment. PMID:23020199

Webster-Stratton, Carolyn; Reid, M Jamila; Beauchaine, Theodore P

2012-09-28

266

Incidence and determinants of moderate COPD (GOLD II) in male smokers aged 40-65 years: 5-year follow up  

PubMed Central

Background Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a major health problem with an estimated prevalence of 10–15% among smokers. The incidence of moderate COPD, as defined by the Global Initiative for Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease (GOLD), is largely unknown. Aim To determine the cumulative incidence of moderate COPD (forced expiratory volume in 1 second/forced vital capacity ratio [FEV1/FVC] <0.7 and FEV1 <80% predicted) and its association with patient characteristics in a cohort of male smokers. Design Prospective cohort study. Setting The city of IJsselstein, a small town in the Netherlands. Method Smokers aged 40–65 years who were registered with local GPs, participated in a study to identify undetected COPD. Baseline measurements were taken in 1998 of 399 smokers with normal spirometry (n = 292) or mild COPD (FEV1/FVC <0.7 and FEV1 ?80% predicted, n = 107) and follow-up measurements were conducted in 2003. Results After a mean follow-up of 5.2 years, 33 participants developed moderate COPD (GOLD II). This showed an estimated cumulative incidence of 8.3% (95% CI = 5.8 to 11.4) and a mean annual incidence of 1.6%. No participant developed severe airflow obstruction. The risk of developing moderate COPD in smokers with baseline mild COPD (GOLD I) was five times higher than in those with baseline normal spirometry (one in five versus one in 25). Conclusions In a cohort of middle-aged male smokers, the estimated cumulative incidence of moderate COPD (GOLD II) over 5 years was relatively high (8.3%). Age, childhood smoking, cough, and one or more GP contacts for lower respiratory tract problems were independently associated with incident moderate COPD.

Geijer, Roeland MM; Sachs, Alfred PE; Verheij, Theo JM; Salome, Philippe L; Lammers, Jan-Willem J; Hoes, Arno W

2006-01-01

267

Nine-year follow-up of local implantation of autologous skeletal myoblasts in a patient with coronary heart disease  

PubMed Central

Patient: gender – Male, age – 63 year-old Primary Diagnosis: Acute myocardial infarction Co-existing Diseases: Hypertension Medication: Aspirin • beta-blocker • captopril Clinical Procedure: CABG • autologous skeletal myoblast transplantation • PCI Specialty: Cardiology Objective: Unusual or unexpected effect of treatment. Background: Cell transplantation has been viewed as a promising strategy for end-stage heart failure, but long-term follow-up results are lacking. Case Report: In December 2002 we began transplanting autologous skeletal myoblasts in one patient because of serious coronary heart disease. Here, we present the 9-year follow-up results of this patient. No ventricular tachyarrhythmias were detected after treatment. The patient had another myocardial infarction in April 2012 and was treated successful with PCI. Conclusions: Autologous skeletal myoblast transplantation with bypass surgery is associated with improvement in cardiac function and lack of adverse effects in long-term follow-up, making it a promising therapy for patients with heart failure.

Zhang, Dingguo; Wang, Liansheng; Zhang, Fumin; Li, Chunjian; Zhu, Tiebing; Cao, Kejiang; Ma, Wenzhu; Yang, Zhijian

2013-01-01

268

Driving While Intoxicated Among Individuals Initially Untreated for Alcohol Use Disorders: One- and Sixteen-Year Follow-Ups*  

PubMed Central

Objective: This study examined associations between frequency of driving while intoxicated (DWI) at baseline and obtaining alcohol-related help at follow-up, and between obtaining help and subsequent reductions in DWI. It also examined improvements on personal functioning and life context indices as mediators between obtaining help and reduced occurrences of DWI. Method: A total of 628 individuals who were initially untreated for alcohol use problems completed a baseline inventory; follow-ups were 1, 3, and 16 years later. Results: More extended participation in outpatient treatment and Alcoholics Anonymous (AA) during Year 1 was associated with a lower likelihood of DWI at the 1-year follow-up. More extended participation in AA through Year 3 was associated with a lower likelihood of DWI at the 16-year follow-up. Improvement on personal functioning and life context indices was associated with reduced risk of subsequent occurrences of DWI. Decreases in drinking-related problems, impulsivity, and drinking to reduce tension mediated associations between more AA participation and reductions in DWI at 1 year. Conclusions: Among initially untreated individuals, sustained mutual help may be associated with a reduced number of occurrences of DWI via fewer drinking consequences and improved psychological functioning and coping. Treatment providers should attend to these concomitants of DWI and consider actively referring individuals to AA to ensure ongoing AA affiliation.

Timko, Christine; Desai, Akash; Blonigen, Daniel M.; Moos, Bernice S.; Moos, Rudolf H.

2011-01-01

269

RUPP AUTISM NETWORK RANDOMIZED CLINICAL TRIAL OF PARENT TRAINING AND MEDICATION: ONE-YEAR FOLLOW-UP  

PubMed Central

Objective To follow up on a 3-site 24-week randomized clinical trial (N=124) comparing antipsychotic medication alone (MED) to antipsychotic plus parent training (PT) in behavior management (COMB) for autism spectrum disorders with severe behavior problems. COMB had shown a significant advantage for child behavioral noncompliance (p=.006, d=.34), irritability (p=.01, d=.48), and hyperactivity/noncompliance (p=.04, d=.55), with a lower medication dose. Method: A year after each participant’s termination we priority-mailed an assessment packet with a return-addressed envelope; a phone call alerted the family. Failure to return packets within a month elicited recontact and offers to resend. Results Eighty-seven of 124 families (70.2%) participated in follow-up. The improvement difference between treatments attenuated from post-treatment to follow-up for noncompliance (d=0.32 to d=0.12) and irritability (d=0.46 to d=0.03). Follow-up differences were nonsignificant. (The noncompliance difference was nonsignificant also at post-treatment for these 87.) 67% of COMB and 53% of MED were still taking risperidone, the original study medication. Most had needed dose adjustments or additional medication, and COMB no longer had a significantly lower dose. All COMB families but only 39% of MED reported seeking PT post-treatment. Daily living skills improvement during treatment predicted noncompliance improvement at follow-up for COMB, but noncompliance deterioration, and especially hyperactivity/noncompliance deterioration for MED-only children. Conclusions Study treatment experience/familiarity greatly influenced follow-up treatment: those who had received PT reported seeking it while those who had not experienced it tended not to seek it. The superiority of COMB over MED at post-treatment attenuated by over half at follow-up.

Arnold, L. Eugene; Aman, Michael G.; Li, Xiaobai; Butter, Eric; Humphries, Kristina; Scahill, Laurence; Lecavalier, Luc; McDougle, Christopher J.; Swiezy, Naomi B.; Handen, Benjamin; Wilson, Krystina; Stigler, Kimberly A.

2013-01-01

270

Inpatient rehabilitation for hip or knee osteoarthritis: 2 year follow up study  

PubMed Central

Objective: To examine the course of pain, physical function, and other health dimensions after a comprehensive inpatient rehabilitation intervention in patients with osteoarthritis (OA) of the hip or knee. Methods: An observational, prospective cohort study with assessments at baseline (entry into clinic), 1 (discharge from inpatient rehabilitation), 3, 6, 9, 12, and 24 months after baseline. Consecutively referred patients to an inpatient rehabilitation centre fulfilling the inclusion criteria were studied. 3–4 week comprehensive rehabilitation intervention, including strengthening exercise, flexibility training, endurance training, relaxation strategies, and consultations for preventive measures, was carried out. Individual home rehabilitation programmes were taught. Generic health status was measured using the SF-36, condition specific health was measured with the WOMAC questionnaire. Effects were analysed with sensitivity statistics (effect size, ES) and non-parametric tests. Results: Data from 128 patients with complete follow up data were analysed. Both pain and physical function improved moderately (WOMAC pain: ES = 0.56, WOMAC function ES = 0.44) until discharge. Although the effect in pain reduction remained significant by month 24 (WOMAC: ES = 0.26), physical function deteriorated close to baseline values after 12 months. Conclusions: Comprehensive inpatient rehabilitation of patients with OA of the hip or knee may improve pain and physical function in the mid-term, and pain in the long term.

Weigl, M; Angst, F; Stucki, G; Lehmann, S; Aeschlimann, A

2004-01-01

271

A 10 year follow-up study after Roux-Elmslie-Trillat treatment for cases of patellar instability  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background  A retrospective study concerning patients presenting with patella instability, treated using a Roux-Elmslie-Trillat reconstruction\\u000a operation and followed up for 10 years following surgery, is presented.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Methods  Pre-operative and follow-up radiographic evaluation included the weight-bearing anteroposterior and merchant views. Evaluation\\u000a was carried out using the Insall-Salvati index, sulcus and congruence angle. The Roux-Elmslie-Trillat reconstruction operation\\u000a was performed on 18 patients. The clinical

Stefan Endres; Axel Wilke

2011-01-01

272

Toe-to-Hand Transfers: More Than 20 Years Follow-Up of Five Post-Traumatic Cases  

Microsoft Academic Search

In post-traumatic losses of the thumb and fingers, reconstruction can be performed with success using various combinations of toe transfers. In this study, we have presented second toe and combined toe transfers which have been followed up for more than 20 years. Second toe transfer was used in four patients for reconstruction of the thumb. Combined second and third toe

E. GUDEMEZ

2006-01-01

273

Tri-cresyl phosphate neuropathy in Sri Lanka: a clinical and neurophysiological study with a three year follow up.  

PubMed Central

Clinical and neurophysiological findings in twenty patients intoxicated with tri-cresyl phosphate following consumption of contaminated gingili oil are reported. Marked distal axonopathy, high incidence of pyramidal tract dysfunction and minimal sensory abnormalities were the cardinal features. Despite pronounced motor weakness in the early stages, the patients showed remarkable improvement during a three year follow up.

Senanayake, N

1981-01-01

274

Influence of childhood adversities and defense styles on the 1-year follow-up of psychosomatic psychotherapeutic inpatient treatment  

Microsoft Academic Search

The current study explores the connection between reported sexual abuse and physical maltreatment during childhood and immature defense styles as affecting the 1-year follow-up of inpatients who had undergone psychodynamic group therapy. Early traumatization was assessed using a structured patient interview and the defense styles by means of the questionnaire on defense styles. Reduction in psychological distress and improvement in

Ralf Nickel; U. T. Egle

2005-01-01

275

Comparison of Three Techniques for Repair of Involutional Lower Lid Entropion: A Three-Year Follow-Up Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: The aim of this study was to quantify the efficacy of three different surgical techniques for entropion repair in a 3-year follow-up study: (1) the Fox procedure, (2) everting sutures and (3) a modified technique of lower lid retractor plication. Methods: We included in our study 32 eyelids of 32 consecutive patients with involutional lower lid entropion; 10 lids

Michele Altieri; Michele Iester; Francesca Harman; Roberta Bertagno; Paolo Capris; Davide Venzano; Franco Baldi; Gianguido Altieri

2003-01-01

276

Ten-Year Follow-up of Laser In Situ Keratomileusis for Myopia of up to 10 Diopters  

Microsoft Academic Search

? PURPOSE: To evaluate the long-term outcomes of laser in situ keratomileusis (LASIK) for myopia of up to 10 diopters (D). ? DESIGN: A long-term (10-year) follow-up retrospec- tive, interventional case series. ? METHODS: The study included 97 eyes of 70 patients with a preoperative spherical equivalent (SE) of up to 10 D treated with myopic LASIK at the Instituto

JORGE L. ALIÓ; ORKUN MUFTUOGLU; DOLORES ORTIZ; JUAN JOSE PÉREZ-SANTONJA; ALBERTO ARTOLA; MARIA JOSE AYALA; MARIA JOSE GARCIA; GRACIA CASTRO DE LUNA

277

A Five-Year Follow-Up of a Survey of North American Outdoor Behavioral Healthcare Programs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study reports the results of a five-year follow-up survey of private-pay outdoor behavioral healthcare (OBH) programs operating in the United States and Canada. A total of 65 of 102 programs identified as meeting certain characteristics responded to the survey and identified themselves as an OBH program that utilizes a clinical treatment…

Russell, Keith; Gillis, H. Lee; Lewis, T. Grant

2008-01-01

278

Body size and mortality in women: a 29 year follow up of 12,000 pregnant women in northern Finland  

Microsoft Academic Search

STUDY OBJECTIVE: To examine the association between body height, body mass index (BMI), and mortality in fertile women of childbearing age. DESIGN: A prospective cohort study with a 29 year mortality follow up. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: A cohort of women (n = 11,997) expected to deliver during 1966 in two northern provinces of Finland. Data on height and pre-pregnancy weight,

E Läärä; P Rantakallio

1996-01-01

279

Dyspepsia and Irritable Bowel Syndrome After a Salmonella Gastroenteritis Outbreak: One-Year Follow-up Cohort Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background & Aims: It has been reported that some patients develop functional digestive disorders, particu- larly irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), after acute gastro- enteritis (AGE). However, the presence of dyspepsia has not been specifically addressed. We prospectively eval- uated development of dyspepsia and IBS during a 1-year follow-up in a cohort of adult patients affected by a Salmonella enteritidis AGE

FERMÍN MEARIN; MARC PÉREZ-OLIVERAS; ANTONIA PERELLÓ; JAUME VINYET; ANABEL IBAÑEZ; JORDI CODERCH; MÓNICA PERONA

2005-01-01

280

Temporal Stability of Obsessive-Compulsive Symptom Dimensions in an Undergraduate Sample: A Prospective 2-Year Follow-Up Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The temporal stability of obsessive-compulsive symptom dimensions was studied in a nonclinical student sample. The Obsessive-Compulsive Inventory--Revised was administered twice to 132 undergraduate students during a 2-year period. There were no significant changes in symptom dimension scores between the baseline and follow-up, except for the…

Fullana, Miquel A.; Tortella-Feliu, Miquel; Caseras, Xavier; Taberner, Joan; Torrubia, Rafael; Mataix-Cols, David

2007-01-01

281

Comparison of Anterior Instrumentation Systems and the Results of Minimum 5 Years Follow - up in the Treatment of Tuberculosis Spondylitis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Anterior debridement, strut grafting and instrumentation have an increasing popularity in the treatment of tuberculosis of spine. Anterior fixation can be done either by a plate or a rod system. This study reports on the surgical results of 59 patients with Pott's disease that had anterior radical debridement and anterior fusion and anterior instrumentation with 5 years follow - up.

AHMET ALANAY; SERDAR AKALIN; BÜLENT ATE?; ERBIL AYDIN

282

Outcome of depression in later life in primary care: longitudinal cohort study with three yearsfollow-up  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objectives To study the duration of depression, recovery over time, and predictors of prognosis in an older cohort (?55 years) in primary care.Design Longitudinal cohort study, with three yearsfollow-up.Setting 32 general practices in West Friesland, the Netherlands.Participants 234 patients aged 55 years or more with a prevalent major depressive disorder.Main outcome measures Depression at baseline and every six months

E Licht-Strunk; H W J Van Marwijk; T Hoekstra; J W R Twisk; M De Haan; A T F Beekman

2009-01-01

283

Fractures of the Distal End of the Radius in Young Adults: A 30Year Follow-Up  

Microsoft Academic Search

76 patients were examined clinically and radiologically 27 to 36 years after a fracture of the distal radius. The average age was 31 years at the time of injury and 63 years at follow-up.In 81% of the patients there was no difference between the fractured and the non-fractured side. No patient had to change his or her occupation or leisure

P. KOPYLOV; O. JOHNELL; I. REDLUND-JOHNELL; U. BENGNER

1993-01-01

284

A case of primary progressive aphasia. A 14-year follow-up study with neuropathological findings.  

PubMed

Primary progressive aphasia has been clinically defined as a progressive language deficit leading to the dissolution of almost all language functions with relative preservation of other cognitive functions until late in the course of the disease. Two types of language impairment have been described for primary progressive aphasia, which differ with respect to the degree of fluency of spontaneous speech. Whereas some authors have emphasized non-fluency as a defining characteristic of primary progressive aphasia, others have proposed that phonemic rather than semantic paraphasias in naming, both in the fluent and the non-fluent subtype, should be used as a criterion to distinguish primary progressive aphasia from slowly progressive aphasia in other forms of degenerative brain disease. Patients with fluent speech and semantic dementia, as typically seen in Alzheimer's disease, produce semantic paraphasias and circumlocutions rather than phonemic errors in naming. This paper reports the long-term follow-up of a patient with fluent aphasic speech, whose language profile over a decade was similar to that of patients with semantic dementia. Neuropathological examination revealed no evidence of Alzheimer's disease. Pick's disease or Pick variant, but showed spongiform changes of cortical layers (II and III) in temporal and, less severely, in frontal gyri. The present case indicates that semantic dementia is not a reliable indicator of probable Alzheimer's disease and supports the notion that there are different subtypes of primary progressive aphasia which cannot be defined by fluency or by the presence of phonemic paraphasia. Progress in identifying the neuropathological correlates of these subtypes in cases with lobar atrophy and spongiform changes should be expected from hereditary variants of progressive disorder. PMID:9549492

Schwarz, M; De Bleser, R; Poeck, K; Weis, J

1998-01-01

285

One year follow-up of patients with refractory angina pectoris treated with enhanced external counterpulsation  

PubMed Central

Background Enhanced external counterpulsation (EECP) is a non-invasive technique that has been shown to be effective in reducing both angina and myocardial ischemia in patients not responding to medical therapy and without revascularization alternatives. The aim of the present study was to assess the long-term outcome of EECP treatment at a Scandinavian centre, in relieving angina in patients with chronic refractory angina pectoris. Methods 55 patients were treated with EECP. Canadian cardiovascular society (CCS) class, antianginal medication and adverse clinical events were collected prior to EECP, at the end of the treatment, and at six and 12 months after EECP treatment. Clinical signs and symptoms were recorded. Results EECP treatment significantly improved the CCS class in 79 ± 6% of the patients with chronic angina pectoris (p < 0.001). The reduction in CCS angina class was seen in patients with CCS class III and IV and persisted 12 months after EECP treatment. There was no significant relief in angina in patients with CCS class II prior to EECP treatment. 73 ± 7% of the patients with a reduction in CCS class after EECP treatment improved one CCS class, and 22 ± 7% of the patients improved two CCS classes. The improvement of two CCS classes could progress over a six months period and tended to be more prominent in patients with CCS class IV. In accordance with the reduction in CCS classes there was a significant decrease in the weekly nitroglycerin usage (p < 0.05). Conclusion The results from the present study show that EECP is a safe treatment for highly symptomatic patients with refractory angina. The beneficial effects were sustained during a 12-months follow-up period.

Pettersson, Thomas; Bondesson, Susanne; Cojocaru, Diodor; Ohlsson, Ola; Wackenfors, Angelica; Edvinsson, Lars

2006-01-01

286

Milk, dairy intake and risk of endometrial cancer: a 26-year follow-up.  

PubMed

Estrogens have a central role in the etiology of endometrial cancer. Milk and dairy products are a source of steroid hormones and growth factors that might have physiological effects in humans. We hypothesized that high intakes of milk and dairy products are associated with an increased risk of endometrial cancer, particularly among postmenopausal women not using hormone therapy. This was a prospective cohort study with 68,019 female participants in the Nurses' Health Study aged 34-59 in 1980. Milk and dairy consumption were assessed in 1980, 1984, 1986, 1990, 1994, 1998 and 2002 as servings per day and the follow-up continued through 2006. The multivariate relative risks (RRs) of adenocarcinoma of the endometrium across categories of cumulatively averaged total dairy consumption compared with < 1 svg/day were: 0.94 (95% CI = 0.71-1.25) for 1-1.4 svg/day, 1.14 (0.87-1.49) for 1.5-1.9 svg/day, 1.10 (0.84-1.44) for 2-2.9 svg/day, 1.26 (0.94-1.70) for ? 3 svg/day (p for trend = 0.06). The association between total dairy intake and endometrial cancer was significant only among the postmenopausal women (for ? 3 svg/day RR = 1.41, 95% CI = 1.01-1.98, p for trend = 0.02) and was evident only among those who were not currently using hormone therapy (RR = 1.58, 95% CI = 1.05-2.36, p for trend = 0.003). Total dairy intake was not significantly associated with risk of preinvasive endometrial cancer. In conclusion, we observed a marginally significant overall association between dairy intake and endometrial cancer and a stronger association among postmenopausal women who were not using estrogen-containing hormones. PMID:21717454

Ganmaa, Davaasambuu; Cui, Xiaohui; Feskanich, Diane; Hankinson, Susan E; Willett, Walter C

2011-09-17

287

A five-year follow-up of stroke survivors: motorfunction and activities of daily living  

Microsoft Academic Search

At the University Hospital, Uppsala, a study was conducted to assess and follow the changes in motor activities, primary activities of daily living (ADL) and instrumental ADL over a five-year period. The functional level of 280 acute stroke patients was assessed over five years.One year after the stroke 193 patients (68%) were alive, and after five years 113 patients (40%).

Birgitta Lindmark; Elisabeth Hamrin

1995-01-01

288

The effects of strength training among persons with hand osteoarthritis: a two-year follow-up study.  

PubMed

Hand exercise is recommended for hand osteoarthritis (OA) management, but few efficacy studies have been published. The purpose of the study was to determine the effects of two years of whole body strength training and gripper exercise on hand strength, pain, and function in adults with radiographic evidence of hand OA. Older adults (N=55; 71.5+/-6.5 years; 80% female) participated in a two-year, three times per week strength training regimen. Bilateral gripper exercise weight (i.e., isotonic grip strength), isometric grip strength, pain, and self-reported hand, and finger function were recorded at baseline and 24 months. Isotonic grip strength increased 1.94 kg (20.14 kg baseline, 22.09 kg follow-up; p<0.0003). Right and left isometric grip increased 3.62 kg (25.83 kg baseline, 29.45 kg follow-up; p<0.002) and 2.95 kg (22.73 kg baseline, 25.65 kg follow-up; p<0.0005), respectively. Hand pain decreased from 4.77 to 2.62 (p<0.006). Hand and finger function scores showed minimal dysfunction at baseline and follow-up. Results suggest strength training safely increases dynamic and static grip strength and reduces pain in older persons with hand OA. PMID:17658418

Rogers, Matthew W; Wilder, Frances V

289

Alendronate in the prevention of osteoporosis: 7-year follow-up  

Microsoft Academic Search

In a 3-year study followed by a 2-year open-label extension, alendronate sodium (ALN) maintained or increased bone mineral density (BMD) in 445 recently postmenopausal women with a spine BMD T-score >-2. In a second 2-year extension, 84 women previously treated with either 5 or 10 mg ALN daily during the first 3 years and 5 mg ALN during the first extension (group A)

P. N. Sambrook; J. P. Rodriguez; R. D. Wasnich; M. M. Luckey; A. Kaur; L. Meng; A. Lombardi

2004-01-01

290

An eight-year follow-up: Outcome from adolescent compared to adult onset anorexia nervosa  

Microsoft Academic Search

Seventy-five women were traced and reassessed on average eight years after the onset of anorexia nervosa. All patients received treatment and 88% were hospitalized at least once. Comparisons between early (11–15 years; N=35), late (16–18 years; N=24) adolescent and adult (19–27 years; N=14) onset revealed no significant differences in outcome for age at onset. For 70% of adolescent and 42%

Regina C. Casper; Leslie N. Jabine

1996-01-01

291

Early predictors of career development: A 10-year follow-up study  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents empirical findings from a 10-year longitudinal study of the educational and occupational socialization of 445 participants who were about 7 years old when first tested, and about 17 years old at the fourth time of measurement. In addition to collecting psychological measurements from the participants, behavioral reports were collected from significant others, specifically parents and teachers. Findings

Joaquim Armando Ferreira; Eduardo J. R. Santos; António C. Fonseca; Richard F. Haase

2007-01-01

292

Stability of orthodontic treatment outcome: Follow-up until 10 years postretention  

Microsoft Academic Search

Dental casts of 1016 patients were evaluated for the long-term treatment outcome using the Peer Assessment Rating (PAR) index. The PAR index was measured at the pretreatment stage (n = 1016), directly posttreatment (n = 783), postretention (n = 942), 2 years postretention (n = 781), 5 years postretention (n = 821), and 10 years postretention (n = 564). The

Essam A. Al Yami; Anne M. Kuijpers-Jagtman; Martin A. van't Hof

1999-01-01

293

Body Structures and Physical Complaints in Upper Limb Reduction Deficiency: A 24-Year Follow-Up Study  

PubMed Central

Objective To describe upper body structures associated with upper limb reduction deficiency and the development of these structures over time, to examine the presence of physical complaints in this population, and to compare body structures and complaints between groups based on prosthesis use. Design Prospective cohort study with a follow-up period of 24 years, with matched able-bodied controls. Subjects Twenty-eight patients with unilateral below-elbow reduction deficiency fitted with myoelectric prostheses, aged 8–18 years at inclusion. Method Measurements of upper arm, trunk and spine were performed and study-specific questionnaires were answered at baseline and follow-up; the Brief Pain Inventory and the Quick Disability of Arm, Shoulder, and Hand questionnaires were answered at follow-up. Results Both at baseline and follow-up, within-subjects differences in structures of the arm and trunk were shown in patients but not in controls. Spinal deviations, although small, were greater in patients compared to controls. Self-reported disability was higher in patients compared to controls. Differences in back pain and effect of prostheses use could not be shown. Conclusions Patients with unilateral below-elbow reduction deficiency have consistent differences in upper body structures. Deviations of the spine, probably of functional origin, do not progress to clinically relevant scoliosis.

Postema, Sietke G.; van der Sluis, Corry K.; Waldenlov, Kristina; Norling Hermansson, Liselotte M.

2012-01-01

294

Photorefractive keratectomy in patients with mild to moderate stable keratoconus: a five-year prospective follow-up study  

PubMed Central

Background The purpose of this study was to evaluate the visual outcome of photorefractive keratectomy (PRK) in patients with mild to moderate stable keratoconus and to assess the risk of progression of the disease after the excimer laser procedure. Methods In this prospective study, carried out at the Clemenceau Medical Center, an affiliate of Johns Hopkins International, in Beirut, Lebanon, 119 eyes from 72 patients with grade 1–2 keratoconus (Amsler–Krumeich classification) underwent PRK. Forty-seven patients had both eyes treated and 25 patients had one eye treated. The procedure was done using the Wavelight Eye Q Excimer laser. Uncorrected and best-corrected visual acuity, corneal topography, and pachymetry were assessed before the procedure and 3, 6, 12, 36, and 60 months after the procedure. Results Mean uncorrected visual acuity showed a statistically significant improvement (P < 0.05) at one, 3, and 5 years follow-up. One hundred and seventeen eyes (98.3%) showed no progression while two eyes (1.7%) showed progression of the disease at 5 years follow-up, as documented by corneal topography and pachymetry. These two eyes were treated with corneal collagen crosslinking. Conclusion PRK in mild to moderate keratoconus is a safe and effective procedure for improving uncorrected vision in patients with mild refractive errors. However, close follow-up of patients is needed to detect any progression of the disease. Longer follow-up is needed to assess the overall effect of this procedure on progression of the disease.

Chelala, Elias; Rami, Hala El; Dirani, Ali; Fadlallah, Ali; Fakhoury, Omar; Warrak, Elias

2013-01-01

295

Recurrent Echinococcal Infection of the Lumbar Spine: An 11 Year Follow-up  

PubMed Central

Spinal hydatid cyst is a rare occurrence in non endemic countries. We present a case of recurrent lumbar hydatid disease in a 21-year-old male who following initial treatment had a good functional outcome and healing for 8 years, following which he came back with complaints of low back ache and neurological deficit. Patient underwent a second surgery with global debridement of L3-L5 vertebrae followed by medical management for two years. He had a good surgical outcome with recovery from the neurological deficit. Patient has returned to his routine activities and is being reviewed every year; there is no evidence of recurrence in the past 3 years. To the best of our knowledge recurrence after 8 years of initial treatment, followed by good clinical and radiological outcome for 3 years after surgery and treatment of the recurrence has not been reported in literature.

Amritanand, Rohit; Venkatesh, Krishnan; Sundararaj, Gabriel David

2013-01-01

296

Parental mental health after the accidental death of a son during military service: 23-year follow-up study.  

PubMed

We prospectively studied parental mental health after suddenly losing a son in a military training accident. Parents (N = 32) were interviewed at 1, 2 and 23 years after the death of their son. The General Health Questionnaire and Expanded Texas Inventory of Grief were self-reported at 1, 2, 5, and 23 years; the Inventory of Complicated Grief was self-reported at 23 years. We observed a high prevalence of psychiatric disorders at 1- and 2-year follow-ups (57% and 45%, respectively), particularly major depression (43% and 31%, respectively). Only one mental disorder was diagnosed at the 23-year follow-up. Grief and psychological distress were highest at 1- and 2-year follow-ups. Spouses exhibited a high concordance of psychological distress. Mothers reported more intense grief reactions than did fathers. The loss of a son during military service may have a substantial impact on parental mental health particularly during the first 2 years after death. Spouses' grief can be interrelated and may contribute to their psychological distress. PMID:22210364

Kristensen, Pål; Heir, Trond; Herlofsen, Pål H; Langsrud, Øyvind; Weisæth, Lars

2012-01-01

297

Five-year follow-up findings from a randomized controlled trial of cardiac rehabilitation for heart failure  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background A follow-up study was carried out on the 5-year status of the surviving patients (n=179 at 6 months) of a 24-week randomized controlled trial comparing cardiac rehabilitation (CR) with heart failure outpatient clinic care (standard care). Methods In the original randomized controlled trial, 200 patients (60-89 years, 132 men) with New York Heart Association II\\/III heart failure confirmed by

Jacky Austin; Wynford Robert Williams; Linda Ross; Stephen Hutchison

2008-01-01

298

Intraosseous schwannoma of D12 thoracic vertebra: diagnosis and surgical management with 5-year follow-up  

Microsoft Academic Search

Intraosseous schwannomas or neurilemomas are rare benign neoplasms that account for less than 0.2% of primary bone tumours.\\u000a Very rarely they have been observed in lumbar vertebrae. We report a neurilemoma involving the lower thoracic spine and present\\u000a the clinical, radiological and histological findings with surgical management and 5-year follow-up. An 18-year-old-male presented\\u000a with back pain and deteriorating locomotor function.

Qaisar Choudry; Fizan Younis; Roger B. Smith

2007-01-01

299

Multimethod Psychoeducational Intervention for Preschool Children with Disruptive Behavior: Two-Year Post-Treatment Follow-up  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes the 2-year post-treatment follow-up of preschool children identified as having high levels of disruptive behavior at kindergarten entry. They were assigned to four treatment conditions: A no-treatment group, parent-training only, treatment classroom only, and the combination of parent training with the treatment classroom. Interventions lasted the entire kindergarten academic year. Initial post-treatment results reported previously indicated no

Terri L. Shelton; Russell A. Barkley; Cheryl Crosswait; Maureen Moorehouse; Kenneth Fletcher; Susan Barrett; Lucy Jenkins; Lori Metevia

2000-01-01

300

Serum osteocalcin in relation to calcaneal bone mineral density in elderly men and women: a 5-year follow-up  

Microsoft Academic Search

.   A 5-year follow-up study investigated serum concentrations of total (tOC) and intact (iOC) osteocalcin in relation to calcaneal\\u000a bone mineral density (BMD). The study comprised two cohorts, 75- and 80-year-olds, both resident in the city of Jyv?skyl?,\\u000a Finland. Baseline OC and BMD were obtained for 161 men and 233 women, of whom 83 men and 189 women participated in

Sulin Cheng; Harri Suominen; Kalervo Väänänen; Sanna-Maria Käkönen; Kim Pettersson; Eino Heikkinen

2002-01-01

301

Permanent Central Diabetes Insipidus with Complete Regression of Pituitary Stalk Enlargement After 4 Years of Follow-up  

PubMed Central

A 14 year?old patient was admitted because of a history of polyuria and polydipsia. A diagnosis of central diabetes insipidus (CDI) accompanied by growth hormone (GH) and gonadotropin deficiency was made. Hypophyseal magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the patient demonstrated isolated pituitary stalk enlargement. Although GH deficiency and gonadotropin deficiency were transient, CDI was persistent despite the regression of the pituitary stalk enlargement over the 4 years of follow?up. Conflict of interest:None declared.

Ocal, Gonul; Berberoglu, Merih; Bilir, Pelin; Engiz, Ozlem; Fitoz, Suat; Ar?c?, Serap

2008-01-01

302

Interspinous Process Decompression With the X-STOP Device for Lumbar Spinal Stenosis A 4Year Follow-Up Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

X-STOP is the first interspinous process decompres- sion device that was shown to be superior to nonoperative therapy in patients with neurogenic intermittent claudication secondary to spinal stenosis in the multicenter randomized study at 1 and 2 years. We present 4-year follow-up data on the X-STOP patients. Patient records were screened to identify potentially eligible subjects who underwent X-STOP implanta-

Dimitriy G. Kondrashov; Matthew Hannibal; Ken Y. Hsu; James F. Zucherman

303

Depression in relation to purpose in life among a very old population: A five-year follow-up study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objectives: To investigate the relationship between purpose in life and depression and, in a five-year follow-up investigate whether purpose in life, adjusted for different background characteristics, can prevent very old men and women from developing depression.Methods: A cross-sectional study included 189 participants (120 women and 69 men) 85–103 years of age living in a county in northern Sweden. Those who

Pia Hedberg; Yngve Gustafson; Lena Alèx; Christine Brulin

2010-01-01

304

Sleep and napping in young shiftworkers: A 5-year follow-up  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present study examined sleep characteristics in young workers who entered rapidly rotating shiftwork for the first time and stayed on shifts for 5 years. Data were collected when the subjects had shiftwork experience of approximately 1.5, 3.5 and 5.5 years and a mean age of 22, 24 and 26 years. Data are presented showing significant differences in the main

Biserka Radoševic-Vida?ek; Stjepan Vida?ek; Ljiljana Kaliterna; Zvjezdana Prizmic

1995-01-01

305

Observed Communication in Couples 2 years after Integrative and Traditional Behavioral Couple Therapy: Outcome and Link with 5-year Follow-up  

PubMed Central

Objective To examine changes in observed communication after therapy termination in distressed couples from a randomized clinical trial. Method 134 distressed couples were randomly assigned to either Traditional Behavioral Couple Therapy (TBCT; Jacobson & Margolin, 1979) or Integrative Behavioral Couple Therapy (IBCT; Jacobson & Christensen, 1998). Videotaped samples of each couple’s interactions were coded from pre-therapy, post-therapy, and 2-year follow-up assessments. At these three time points, each partner chose one current relationship problem to discuss. Relationship satisfaction was assessed at 2-year follow-up and clinically significant treatment response and marital status were assessed 5 years after treatment. Results Observed negativity and withdrawal decreased from therapy termination through the 2-year follow-up as expected but problem solving did not change and observed positivity decreased. IBCT produced superior changes from post-therapy to the 2-year follow-up assessment compared with TBCT. Post-therapy levels and changes in communication over follow-up were associated with wife satisfaction at 2-year follow-up; only post-therapy to 2-year follow-up changes in communication were associated with husband satisfaction at 2-year follow-up. Post-therapy levels of problem solving and changes in wives’ positivity from pre-therapy to post-therapy were associated with 5-year relationship outcomes. We found some counterintuitive results with positivity but they were no longer significant after controlling for withdrawal. Conclusion We found support for improvements in observed communication following treatment termination, with IBCT demonstrating greater maintenance of communication improvement over follow-up. We found limited evidence of associations between communication and relationship outcomes at 5-year follow-up.

Baucom, Katherine J. W.; Sevier, Mia; Eldridge, Kathleen A.; Doss, Brian D.; Christensen, Andrew

2012-01-01

306

Physical Fitness of Adults with an Intellectual Disability: A 13-Year Follow-up Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Examined changes in physical fitness of middle-aged adults with mental retardation over 13 years. The subjects had participated in a physical fitness study in 1983. They were re-evaluated for cardiovascular endurance, muscular strength, muscular endurance, flexibility, and body composition. Fitness levels declined over the 13 years and were low…

Graham, Andrew; Reid, Greg

2000-01-01

307

Teachers’ reflections of cooperative learning (CL): a two?year follow?up  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although teachers often report that they subscribe to cooperative learning (CL) to help students attain social and academic goals, research indicates that they often have difficulties implementing and sustaining their commitment. The purpose of this study is to report on the reflections of seven middle?year teachers who had embedded CL in their social science curriculum for the past two years

Robyn M. Gillies; Michael Boyle

2011-01-01

308

Family Discord, Parental Depression, and Psychopathology in Offspring: 20-Year Follow-up  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: To determine the independent effects of parental depression and family discord on offspring psychopathology among children at high and low risk of depression. Method: Family discord factors were assessed when subjects were approximately 17 years old, and offspring diagnoses were assessed about 20 years later. Parental and offspring…

Pilowsky, Daniel J.; Wickramaratne, Priya; Nomura, Yoko; Weissman, Myrna M.

2006-01-01

309

Conflict Resolution Patterns and Longevity of Adolescent Romantic Couples: A 2-Year Follow-Up Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the predictors of longevity among 40 late adolescent romantic couples (mean age males=17.71 years; mean age females=17.18 years). Subjects were given a revealed differences task where they were asked to solve their disagreements. The joint task was recorded, transcribed and analysed by two raters. At 3, 6, 9, 12, 18, and 24…

Shulman, Shmuel; Tuval-Mashiach, Rivka; Levran, Elisheva; Anbar, Shmuel

2006-01-01

310

Patient initiated outpatient follow up in rheumatoid arthritis: six year randomised controlled trial  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objectives To determine whether direct access to hospital review initiated by patients with rheumatoid arthritis would result in improved clinical and psychological outcome, reduced overall use of healthcare resources, and greater satisfaction with care than seen in patients receiving regular review initiated by a rheumatologist. Design Two year randomised controlled trial extended to six years. Setting Rheumatology outpatient department in

Sarah Hewlett; John Kirwan; Jon Pollock; Kathryn Mitchell; Maggie Hehir; Peter S Blair; David Memel; Mark G Perry

2005-01-01

311

Natural History of Thyroid Function in Adults with Down Syndrome--10-Year Follow-Up Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Background: The natural history of thyroid function in adults with Down syndrome (DS) is unknown. Method: This study investigated annual thyroid function tests in 200 adults with DS over a 10-year period. Results: Transient and persistent thyroid dysfunction was common. The 5- and 10-year incidence of definite hypothyroidism was 0.9%-1.64% and…

Prasher, V.; Gomez, G.

2007-01-01

312

Cognitive and Psychiatric Predictors to Psychosis in Velocardiofacial Syndrome: A 3-Year Follow-Up Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Objective: To predict prodromal psychosis in adolescents with velocardiofacial syndrome (VCFS). Method: A total of 70 youth with VCFS, 27 siblings of youth with VCFS, and 25 community controls were followed from childhood (mean age = 11.8 years) into mid-adolescence (mean age = 15.0 years). Psychological tests measuring intelligence, academic…

Antshel, Kevin M.; Shprintzen, Robert; Fremont, Wanda; Higgins, Anne Marie; Faraone, Stephen V.; Kates, Wendy R.

2010-01-01

313

Parents' Attitudes, Knowledge, and Behavior Toward Youth Gambling: A Five-Year Follow-up  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study compares the attitudes, knowledge, and behavior of parents of 5- to 17-year-old children regarding youth gambling. This information was obtained through two telephone surveys conducted in 1995, and 5 years later in 2000, in the Québec City area. Survey 1, in 1995, was conducted on 279 respondents, while survey 2, in 2000, was carried out with 213 respondents.

Robert Ladouceur; Frank Vitaro; Marie-Annick Côté

2001-01-01

314

Efficacy of Early Infliximab Treatment for Pediatric Crohn's Disease: A Three-year Follow-up  

PubMed Central

Purpose To investigate the efficacy of early infliximab use and to follow the progress of pediatric cases of Crohn's disease for 3 years. Methods We reviewed the medical records of 28 pediatric patients who had been treated with infliximab for Crohn's disease. Eighteen patients (the 'top-down' group) received infliximab and azathioprine for induction and maintenance therapy for the first year, and then were treated with azathioprine for 2 additional years. Ten patients who were refractory to conventional therapy were categorized in the 'step-up' group. All patients were followed for at least 36 months. Treatment efficacy was assessed by the relapse rate using the pediatric Crohn's disease activity index (PCDAI) score in each group at 12, 24, and 36 months. Blood samples were available from 10 patients, and were used to assess antibody to infliximab (ATI). Results The relapse rate in 'top-down' group was lower than that in 'step-up' group at 1, 2, and 3 years. But, just the relapse rate at the 2 years was significantly different. At 3 years, the relapse rate according to different characteristic variables (sex, age at diagnosis, involvement, PCDAI at diagnosis) was not significantly different. Only one patient treated with infliximab had an adverse event, consisting of dyspnea and tachycardia. ATI was not detected in the blood samples from 10 patients. Conclusion Early induction with infliximab at diagnosis ('top-down' therapy) is effective for reducing the relapse rate compared to conventional therapies in pediatric Crohn's disease possibly for up to 3 years.

Lee, Yun Seok; Baek, Sang Hun; Kim, Mi Jin; Lee, Yoo Min; Lee, Yoon

2012-01-01

315

[Cubital tunnel syndrome: A retrospective review of 55 subcutaneous transpositions with minimum 3-year follow-up].  

PubMed

The surgical management of the cubital tunnel syndrome has no strict rules to follow. Surgical treatments are various, but none of them has been shown to be superior to the others. This retrospective study presents the clinical results in 73 patients who underwent an anterior subcutaneous transposition of the ulnar nerve, between January 2000 and January 2010, with a minimum 3-year follow-up. Fifty-five patients were assessed with an average follow-up of 65.7 months. McGowan grading system as modified by Goldberg was used to analyse clinical results, preoperatively and at follow-up. The DASH score was used to assess physical function. The average preoperative evolution of symptoms was 16.7 months, and mean period to resolution was 4.7 months. The grade in McGowan grading system as modified by Goldberg significatively improved at follow-up (P=0.0002). Only five patients kept paresthesia. The mean postoperative DASH score was 7.27/100. The satisfaction rate was 96%, and all the patients except one returned back to their occupation. There was neither infection nor complex regional pain syndrome. The anterior subcutaneous transposition leads to very good clinical results, satisfaction and physical function. It is an effective surgical method, without complication in our study, which gives long-term results. PMID:24029141

Guinet, V; Cordier-Fuzeau, C; Auquit-Auckbur, I

2013-08-27

316

Predictors of Second Seizures: A Three-Year Follow-up.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Seventy-seven navy enlisted men, admitted to the hospital after their first seizure and given a provisional diagnosis of convulsive disorder, were followed for three years to see if reliable predictors of subsequent seizures and diagnosis could be obtaine...

L. C. Johnson A. Lubin R. D. Walter R. J. Arthur

1971-01-01

317

Atopic conditions and mental health problems: a 3-year follow-up study  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of this study was to test the hypothesis that atopic conditions at 15\\/16 years of age affect both internalized and\\u000a externalized mental health problems 3 years later. Combined school and postal survey was conducted in urban and rural settings.\\u000a A total of 3,674 adolescents (70.1% response rate) were followed at two time points and interviewed with similar questionnaires\\u000a at baseline

Lars Lien; Kristian Green; Magne Thoresen; Espen Bjertness

2010-01-01

318

Analysis of 20Year Follow-up Study of LVP Regimen for Adult Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia  

Microsoft Academic Search

In an attempt to develop a new intensive chemotherapy for adults with untreated acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), 3 sequential\\u000a programs were designed for 62 patients (age range, 15 to 74 years; median age, 32 years) consisting of the LVP-79 (1979–1984,\\u000a 27 patients), LVP-85 (1984–1986, 14 patients), and LVP-87 (1987–1989, 21 patients) regimens. The influence of clinical and\\u000a biologic characteristics on

Yoshihiro Hatta; Jin Takeuchi; Toshiteru Ohshima; Akira Horikoshi; Yoshikazu Iizuka; Masaaki Kawamura; Mineo Kanemaru; Takashi Horie

2001-01-01

319

Effects of policosanol on primary hypercholesterolemia: a 3-year open-extension follow-up  

Microsoft Academic Search

Policosanol is a new cholesterol-lowering drug that is purified from sugarcane wax. The present study investigated the long-term efficacy and tolerability of policosanol in patients with primary hypercholesterolemia. Eighty-five patients who participated in a previous double-masked, placebo-controlled study were given policosanol (10 mg\\/d) in a 3-year open-extension period. The duration of the policosanol treatment was 5 years for those patients

M. Miguel Canetti; Marta Moreira; Rosa Más; José Illnait; Lilia Fernández; Julio C. Fernández

1997-01-01

320

A 35Year Follow-Up Study on Burnout Among Finnish Employees  

Microsoft Academic Search

This three-wave 35-year prospective study used the Job Demands-Resources model and life course epidemiology to examine how life conditions in adolescence (1961–1963) through achieved educational level and working conditions in early adulthood (1985) may be indirectly related to job burnout 35 years later (1998). We used data (N = 511) from the Finnish Healthy Child study (1961–1963) to investigate the

Jari J. Hakanen; Arnold B. Bakker; Markku Jokisaari

2011-01-01

321

Psychotic relapse and maintenance therapy in paranoid schizophrenia: a 15 year follow up  

Microsoft Academic Search

In spite of numerous reports on a 1 to 2 year maintenance neuroleptic treatment of schizophrenia, there is little systematic\\u000a information on decade-long maintenance therapy. We conducted a retrospective study in fifty outpatients with paranoid schizophrenia\\u000a who have been seen at our clinic for a duration of 15 years or more since their first psychotic episodes. Relapse rate within\\u000a 2,

Tetsuro Ohmori; Kouichi Ito; Tomohiro Abekawa; Tsukasa Koyama

1999-01-01

322

Conservative treatment for chronic renal failure from birth: a 3-year follow-up study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Fifteen children with chronic renal failure from early infancy who did not require renal replacement therapy were followed\\u000a for 3 years. Chronic renal failure was defined as a serum creatinine at or above 1 mg\\/dl for the entire 1st year of life.\\u000a These patients were treated conservatively with diet and supplements of sodium bicarbonate and sodium chloride, calcium and\\u000a vitamin

Maria Van Dyck; Nathalie Bilem; W. Proesmans

1999-01-01

323

Levetiracetam during 1-year follow-up in children, adolescents, and young adults with refractory epilepsy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of levetiracetam (LEV) in refractory crypto\\/symptomatic, partial or generalised epilepsy in children, adolescents and young adults. Methods: We performed a prospective open label add-on study in 99 patients (age 12 months to 32 years, mean 14 years) with partial or generalised, crypto\\/symtpomatic seizures. Levetiracetam was added to no more than two baseline AEDs

Giangennaro Coppola; Salvatore Mangano; Gaetano Tortorella; Andrea Pelliccia; Antonio Fels; Angela Romano; Rosaria Nardello; Francesco Habetswallner; Felicia Licciardi; Francesca Felicia Operto; Antonio Pascotto

2004-01-01

324

The Effectiveness of Drug Abuse Resistance Education (Project DARE): 5Year Follow-Up Results  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background.This article reports the results of a 5-year, longitudinal evaluation of the effectiveness of Drug Abuse Resistance Education (DARE), a school-based primary drug prevention curriculum designed for introduction during the last year of elementary education. DARE is the most widely disseminated school-based prevention curriculum in the United States.Method.Twenty-three elementary schools were randomly assigned to receive DARE and 8 were designated

Richard R. Clayton; Anne M. Cattarello; Bryan M. Johnstone

1996-01-01

325

St. Jude medical cardiac valves in small aortic roots: Follow-up to sixteen years  

Microsoft Academic Search

Prosthetic aortic valve replacement in the small aortic root raises concerns of its long-term effects. Between 1978 and 1994, 270 patients received only small aortic prostheses (? 21 mm). There were 117 men (43.3%) and 153 women (56.7%) with a mean age of 64.3 ± 11.6 years (range 19 to 87 years). The body surface areas ranged from 1.2 to

Dilip Sawant; Arun K. Singh; William C. Feng; Arthur A. Bert; Fred Rotenberg

1997-01-01

326

Employment grade differences in cause specific mortality. A 25 year follow up of civil servants from the first Whitehall study  

PubMed Central

STUDY OBJECTIVE—To test the hypothesis that the association between socioeconomic status and mortality rates cuts across the major causes of death for middle aged and elderly men.?DESIGN—25 year follow up of mortality in relation to employment grade.?SETTING—The first Whitehall study.?PARTICIPANTS—18 001 male civil servants aged 40-69 years who attended the initial screening between 1967 and 1970 and were followed up for at least 25 years.?MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE—Specific causes of death.?RESULTS—After more than 25 years of follow up of civil servants, aged 40-69 years at entry to the study, employment grade differences still exist in total mortality and for nearly all specific causes of death. Main risk factors (cholesterol, smoking, systolic blood pressure, glucose intolerance and diabetes) could only explain one third of this gradient. Comparing the older retired group with the younger pre-retirement group, the differentials in mortality remained but were less pronounced. The largest decline was seen for chronic bronchitis, gastrointestinal diseases and genitourinary diseases.?CONCLUSIONS—Differentials in mortality persist at older ages for almost all causes of death.???Keywords: mortality; socioeconomic factors; cause of death.

van Rossum, C. T M; Shipley, M.; van de Mheen, H.; Grobbee, D.; Marmot, M.

2000-01-01

327

Magnetic resonance imaging, radiography, and scintigraphy of the finger joints: one year follow up of patients with early arthritis  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVES—To evaluate synovial membrane hypertrophy, tenosynovitis, and erosion development of the 2nd to 5th metacarpophalangeal (MCP) and proximal interphalangeal (PIP) joints by magnetic resonance imaging in a group of patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) or suspected RA followed up for one year. Additionally, to compare the results with radiography, bone scintigraphy, and clinical findings.?PATIENTS AND METHODS—Fifty five patients were examined at baseline, of whom 34 were followed up for one year. Twenty one patients already fulfilled the American College of Rheumatology (ACR) criteria for RA at baseline, five fulfilled the criteria only after one year's follow up, whereas eight maintained the original diagnosis of early unclassified polyarthritis. The following MRI variables were assessed at baseline and one year: synovial membrane hypertrophy score, number of erosions, and tenosynovitis score.?RESULTS—MRI detected progression of erosions earlier and more often than did radiography of the same joints; at baseline the MRI to radiography ratio was 28:4. Erosions were exclusively found in patients with RA at baseline or fulfilling the ACR criteria at one year. At one year follow up, scores of MR synovial membrane hypertrophy, tenosynovitis, and scintigraphic tracer accumulation had not changed significantly from baseline; in contrast, swollen and tender joint counts had declined significantly (p<0.05).?CONCLUSIONS—MRI detected more erosions than radiography. MR synovial membrane hypertrophy and scintigraphy scores did not parallel the changes seen over time in clinically assessed swollen and tender joint counts. Although joint disease activity may be assessed as quiescent by conventional clinical methods, a more detailed evaluation by MRI may show that a pathological condition is still present within the synovium.??

Klarlund, M; Ostergaard, M; Jensen, K; Madsen, J; Skjodt, H; Lorenzen, I; the, T

2000-01-01

328

Use of computerized tomography for diagnosis and follow-up after endodontic surgery: clinical case report with 8 years of follow-up.  

PubMed

Computerized tomography (CT) is a valuable tool for diagnosis and planning in conventional and surgical endodontic therapy. This case report describes the use of CT in the diagnosis of a periapical lesion undetected by periapical radiography in the mandibular molar area. The CT also showed a possible mesial root perforation associated with the lesion. Following CT, surgical planning, periradicular curettage, and sealing of the root perforation were performed. Eight years after surgery, cone beam CT revealed periapical bone repair. Computerized tomography can be an important resource for diagnosis and planning in conventional and surgical endodontic therapy, as well as for evaluation of post-treatment bone repair. PMID:20303059

Tanomaru-Filho, Mario; Lima, Regina K P; Nakazone, Paula A; Tanomaru, Juliane M G

2010-04-01

329

Homeopathic treatment of patients with dysmenorrhea: a prospective observational study with 2 years follow-up  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose  Evaluating homeopathic treatment for dysmenorrhea.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Methods  Prospective multicenter observational study in primary care, using standardized questionnaires to record for 2 years diseases,\\u000a quality of life, medical history, consultations, all treatments, other health services use.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Results  Fifty-seven physicians treated 128 women (age 32.4 ± 7.5 years, mean ± SD) and 11 girls (13.7 ± 4.0). Women had dysmenorrhea\\u000a for 11.6 ± 9.0 (girls 3.1 ± 1.5) years. Patients received 7.5 ± 6.5 (5.9 ± 3.7) homeopathic prescriptions. Diagnoses and

Claudia M. Witt; Rainer Lüdtke; Stefan N. Willich

2009-01-01

330

Five-year follow-up of family-based behavioral treatments for childhood obesity.  

PubMed

This article presents the 5-year outcome of family-based behavioral treatment of obesity for 6- to 12-year-old children in 162 families across 4 treatment outcome studies. Results suggest that treatments that use (a) conjoint targeting and reinforcement of child and parent behavior or (b) reciprocal targeting and reinforcement of children and parents are associated with the best child outcomes. Predictors of child success include self-monitoring, changing eating behavior, praise, and change in parent percent overweight. Parental outcome is predicted by self-monitoring weight, baseline parent percent overweight, and participation in fewer subsequent weight control programs. PMID:2254515

Epstein, L H; McCurley, J; Wing, R R; Valoski, A

1990-10-01

331

Ten-year follow-up of photorefractive keratectomy for myopia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background  The aim of this study is to evaluate the long-term (10-year) outcome of excimer laser photorefractive keratectomy (PRK) on\\u000a myopic eyes.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Methods  This retrospective study included 42 eyes of 29 patients (13 male, 16 female; mean age 33.4 years, range 21 to 60) who were\\u000a treated with myopic PRK at St. Luke’s International Hospital, Tokyo, Japan, from May 1 1995 to December

Junko Koshimizu; Raksha Dhanuka; Tatsuo Yamaguchi

2010-01-01

332

Clinical results and development of heterotopic ossification in total cervical disc replacement during a 4-year follow-up  

PubMed Central

Cervical total disc replacement (CTDR) aims to decrease the incidence of adjacent segment disease through motion preservation in the operated disc space. Ongoing data collection and increasing number of studies describing heterotopic ossification (HO) resulting in decreased mobility of implants, forced us to carefully evaluate our long-term clinical and morphological results of patients with CTDR. We present the first 54 consecutive patients treated with 65 ProdiscC™ prostheses during a 12-month period (2/2004–3/2005). All patients signed an informed consent and were included in prospective long-term study approved by hospital ethical committee. The 1- and 2-year follow-up analysis were available for all patients included and 4-year results for 50 patients (60 implants). Clinical (neck disability index-NDI, visual analog scale-VAS) and radiological follow-up was conducted at 1-, 2- and 4-years after the procedure. The Mehren/Suchomel modification of McAfee scale was used to classify the appearance of HO. Mean preoperative NDI was 34.5%, VAS for neck pain intensity 4.6 and VAS for arm pain intensity 5.0. At 1-, 2- and 4-year follow-up, the mean NDI was 30.7, 27.2, and 30.4, mean VAS for neck pain intensity 2.5, 2.1 and 2.9 and mean VAS for arm pain intensity pain 2.2, 1.9 and 2.3, respectively. Significant HO (grade III) was present in 45% of implants and segmental ankylosis (grade IV) in another 18% 4 years after intervention. This finding had no clinical consequences and 92% of patients would undergo the same surgery again. Our clinical results (NDI, VAS) are comparable with fusion techniques. Although, advanced non-fusion technology is used, a significant frequency of HO formation and spontaneous fusion in cervical disc replacement surgery must be anticipated during long-term follow-up.

Suchomel, Petr; Jurak, Lubomir; Brabec, Radim; Bradac, Ondrej; Elgawhary, Shamel

2009-01-01

333

Children of Methadone-Maintained Mothers: Three-Year Follow-Up.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The physical and neurobehavioral findings at 3 years of age for 39 children born to mothers on methadone- maintenance and 23 children born to drug-free comparison mothers are reported. The methadone children had a higher incidence of head circumferences less than the third percentile, nystagmus/strabismus, and otitis media. No differences were…

Johnson, Helen L.; And Others

334

A Seven-Year Follow-Up of Intelligence Test Scores of Foster Grandparents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|After seven years, a group (N=32) of originally nonemployed poverty-level older people (over 60) now employed as foster grandparents were retested with the WAIS. Three subtest scores showed stability and Digit Span showed a statistically significant drop. Neither age nor initial level of health or WAIS scores was related to test-score changes…

Troll, Lillian E.; And Others

1976-01-01

335

Implications of Japan's Center-Based Night Care: A 1-Year Follow-up  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|With increasing numbers of women joining the evening/nighttime workforce, there is a need for quality childcare during these hours. This project, conducted in Japan, sought to compare the effects of expanded childcare on the development and adaptation of 866 young children after one year. Parents completed a survey on the childrearing environment…

Anme, Tokie; Segal, Uma A.

2007-01-01

336

Cognitive–Behavioral Intervention With Aggressive Boys: Three-Year Follow-Up and Preventive Effects  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined the longer term preventive effects of a school-based intervention with boys referred by classroom teachers as highly aggressive and disruptive. Three years after intervention, boys who had received an anger coping (AC) program were compared with a group of untreated boys. The AC boys had lower rates of drug and alcohol involvement and had higher levels of

John E. Lochman

1992-01-01

337

State Hospital-University Collaborations: A 25-Year Follow-Up  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: A formative survey of psychiatry departments 25 years ago showed strong and valued relationships between these departments and state hospitals. The authors sought to evaluate the extent of present-day collaborative relationships. Methods: A repeat of a similar survey was sent in 2005 to 119 chairs of departments of psychiatry. Results:…

Talbott, John A.; Faulkner, Larry R.; Buckley, Peter F.

2010-01-01

338

Skull Fracture During Infancy: A Five-Year Follow-Up  

Microsoft Academic Search

A group of 19 children, who had received a skull fracture during infancy, were assessed at least 5 years following injury. The majority of the group (89%) had received a mild traumatic brain injury (TBI), with the remaining two (11%) having a moderate injury. The neuropsychological, academic, and psychosocial functioning of the TBI group was compared to that of 20

Nigel V. Marsh; Gabrielle Whitehead

2005-01-01

339

A Content Analysis of School Anti-Bullying Policies: A Follow-Up after Six Years  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|An analysis was undertaken of 217 English school anti-bullying policies, from 169 primary schools and 48 secondary schools, using a 34-item scoring scheme. Findings were compared with an analysis of 142 schools six years earlier. Overall schools in the current analysis had about 49% of the items in their policies, a modest increase over the…

Smith, Peter K.; Kupferberg, Allison; Mora-Merchan, Joaquin A.; Samara, Muthanna; Bosley, Sue; Osborn, Rob

2012-01-01

340

Adult Outcomes of Childhood Dysregulation: A 14-year Follow-up Study  

PubMed Central

Objective Using a general population sample, we aimed to examine the adult outcomes of children who present with severe problems with self-regulation defined as being concurrently rated highly on attention problems, aggressive behavior, and anxious-depression on the Child Behavior Checklist (the CBCL-Dysregulation Profile). Method 2,076 children from 13 birth cohorts aged 4 to 16 were drawn from Dutch birth registries in 1983. Child Behavior Checklists (CBCLs) were completed by parents at baseline when children from the different cohorts were ages 4-16 and sampled every 2 years for the next 14-years. At year 14 both CBCL and DSM interview data were collected. Logistic regression was used to compare and contrast outcomes for children with and without dysregulation, as measured by the latent-class-defined CBCL-DP. Sex and age were covaried and concurrent DSM diagnoses were included in regression models. Results Presence of childhood CBCL-DP at Wave 1 was associated with increased rates of adult anxiety disorders, mood disorders, disruptive behavior disorders, and drug abuse 14 years later. After controlling for co-occurring disorders in adulthood, the associations with anxiety and disruptive behavior disorders with the CBCL-DP remained while the others were not significant. Conclusions A child reported to be in the CBCL-DP class is at increased risk for problems with regulating affect, behavior, and cognition in adulthood.

Althoff, Robert R.; Verhulst, Frank; Rettew, David C.; Hudziak, James J.; van der Ende, Jan

2010-01-01

341

Treating Sexually Abused Children: 1 Year Follow-Up of a Randomized Controlled Trial  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Objective:: To measure the durability of improvement in response to two alternative treatments for sexually abused children. Method:: Eighty-two sexually abused children ages 8-15 years old and their primary caretakers were randomly assigned to trauma-focused cognitive-behavioral therapy (TF-CBT) or non-directive supportive therapy (NST)…

Cohen, J.A.; Mannarino, A.P.; Knudsen, K.

2005-01-01

342

An 18Year Follow-Up of Patients Admitted to Methadone Treatment for the First Time  

Microsoft Academic Search

An 18-year addiction career, 1985-2003, for 157 heroin dependent subjects (73% men; 49% human immunodeficiency virus seropositive) admitted for the first time to Stockholm's Methadone Maintenance Treatment program during 1989 to 1991 was analyzed with data from seven official registers and patient records. Regression analyses and incidence rates for various outcomes were calculated for subjects in first methadone maintenance treatment

Ingrid Davstad; Marlene Stenbacka; Anders Leifman; Anders Romelsjö

2009-01-01

343

Twenty-to-thirty-seven-year follow-up after repair for Tetralogy of Fallot  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: To describe the long-term prognosis after repair of Tetralogy of Fallot with pulmonary stenosis beyond 20 years. Methods: One hundred and eighty five patients underwent corrective repair of Tetralogy of Fallot at Rigshospitalet in Copenhagen between January 1960 and July 1977. Ninety seven patients had undergone a palliative operation prior to Tetralogy of Fallot repair. All the 125 patients

Martin A. Nørgaard; Poul Lauridsen; Morten Helvind; Gösta Pettersson

1999-01-01

344

Cardiac Tamponade in Medical Patients: A 10Year Follow-Up Survey  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objectives: Cardiac tamponade represents a life-threatening condition that may complicate almost any cause of pericarditis. We conducted a 10-year prospective survey on patients with cardiac tamponade requiring an emergency drainage. Methods: From 1996 to 2005, 114 consecutive patients were admitted to the University Hospital of Brest for medical cardiac tamponade. Data on medical history, and volume, characteristics and histology of

Jean-Christophe Cornily; Pierre-Yves Pennec; Philippe Castellant; Eric Bezon; Grégoire Le Gal; Martine Gilard; Yannick Jobic; Jacques Boschat; Jean-Jacques Blanc

2008-01-01

345

One year follow up study of primary and transitional progressive multiple sclerosis  

Microsoft Academic Search

OBJECTIVETo document clinical and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) characteristics of a large cohort of primary and transitional progressive multiple sclerosis (PP and TP MS) patients over one year.INTRODUCTIONPatients with PP or TP MS have been shown to have low brain T2 and T1 lesion loads and slow rates of new lesion formation with minimal gadolinium enhancement, despite their accumulating disability.

V. L. Stevenson; D. H. Miller; S. M. Leary; M. Rovaris; F. Barkhof; B. Brochet; V. Dousset; M Filippi; R Hintzen; X Montalban; C H Polman; A Rovira; J de Sa; A J Thompson

2000-01-01

346

Better-than-average effects in secondary education: a 3-year follow-up  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present study examined the “better-than-average” (BTA) effect among secondary school students during 3 consecutive years. It was hypothesized that boys would overestimate their abilities relative to their classmates more than girls and that comparative evaluations of liking would be positively related to comparative evaluations of ability. Students rated their comparative abilities and likings on 7 courses and 16 activities

Hans Kuyper; Pieternel Dijkstra

2009-01-01

347

Persistence of bullying from childhood to adolescence—a longitudinal 8-year follow-up study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: To examine factors associated with bullying and victimization from age 8 to 16.Method: An 8-year longitudinal study included questions about bullying and victimization at age 8 and 16. Children were evaluated with Rutter scales by parents and teachers and with the Child Depression Inventory filled in by the children at age 8. When the children were at the age

Andre Sourander; Leila Helstelä; Hans Helenius; Jorma Piha

2000-01-01

348

Nephropathic cystinosis associated with cardiomyopathy: A 27-year clinical follow-up  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Nephropathic cystinosis is an autosomal recessive disease resulting from intracellular accumulation of cystine leading to multiple organ failure. CASE REPORT: We describe the clinical course of a patient managed from the age of six until his death at the age of 33 years. He underwent multiple surgery, including two renal transplants, developed transplant renal artery stenosis that was managed

Mehul P Dixit; Ira Greifer

2002-01-01

349

Teachers' Reflections of Cooperative Learning (CL): A Two-Year Follow-Up  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Although teachers often report that they subscribe to cooperative learning (CL) to help students attain social and academic goals, research indicates that they often have difficulties implementing and sustaining their commitment. The purpose of this study is to report on the reflections of seven middle-year teachers who had embedded CL in their…

Gillies, Robyn M.; Boyle, Michael

2011-01-01

350

A Program to Promote Positive Body Image:A 1Year Follow-Up Evaluation  

Microsoft Academic Search

The effectiveness of a program designed to promote body image satisfaction and prevent eating problems in young adolescent girls was evaluated over a 1-year period. A total of 263 girls in Grade 6, one-half of whom were in the control group, completed questionnaires that assessed body image satisfaction and eating problems before and 1 week after the prevention program, and

Gail L. McVey; Ron Davis

2002-01-01

351

Physical Performance of Individuals with Intellectual Disability: A 30-Year Follow up  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Physical performance of Finnish adolescents (33 females, 44 males) with moderate intellectual disability (ID) was studied over a 30-year period. This study is an extension of Lahtinen's previous work on documenting the performance of individuals with intellectual disabilities over time. This study consisted of analyzing data from a total of four…

Lahtinen, Ulla; Rintala, Pauli; Malin, Antero

2007-01-01

352

A 16- to 45-year follow-up of 71 men with antisocial personality disorder  

Microsoft Academic Search

We examined the long-term outcome of 71 men with antisocial personality disorder (ASPD) admitted to the University of Iowa Psychiatric Hospital. The subjects all met DSM-III criteria for ASPD based on admission records. Patients had been admitted between 1945 and 1970 and were evaluated between 1986 and 1990, an average of 29 years following hospital discharge. We traced 68 (96%),

Donald W Black; Connie H Baumgard; Sue Ellen Bell

1995-01-01

353

Dietary Fat and Risk of Postmenopausal Breast Cancer in a 20-year Follow-up  

Microsoft Academic Search

Dietary fat in midlife has not been associated with breast cancer risk in most studies, but few have followed women beyond one decade. The authors examined the relation of dietary fat, assessed by repeated question- naires, to incidence of postmenopausal breast cancer in a cohort of 80,375 US women (3,537 new cases) pro- spectively followed for 20 years between 1980

Esther H. J. Kim; Walter C. Willett; Graham A. Colditz; Susan E. Hankinson; M eir J. Stampfer; David J. Hunter; Bernard Rosner; Michelle D. Holmes

354

Changes in Leisure Styles and Satisfaction of Older People: A Five Years Follow-Up  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The present study examines the leisure style and leisure satisfaction of a sample of older people at baseline and after a period of 5 years. Three groups were identified by factorial and cluster analyses and labelled under the headings of: Organised Style, Surrounding Style and Indoor Style. Each group represented a different typology of leisure,…

Gagliardi, Cristina; Spazzafumo, Liana; Papa, Roberta; Marcellini, Fiorella

2012-01-01

355

Renal calcification in preterm infants: follow up at 4–5 years  

Microsoft Academic Search

AIMTo determine the consequences of renal calcification in preterm infants.METHODSA cohort of 11 preterm babies was studied at the age of 4 to 5 years. They had had renal calcification as neonates. Seventeen matched controls were also studied. Each child had a renal ultrasound scan, a calcium load test, and a desmopressin test for renal concentrating ability (RCA). The study

C A Jones; S King; N J Shaw; B A Judd

1997-01-01

356

Continuity of motivation in higher education: A three-year follow-up study 1  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigates the question how the quality of students' learning motivation changes within a period of 3 years. Of special interest is which conditions of the learning environment are responsible for the stability or respectively the change of learning motivation. Deci and Ryan's (2002) self-determination theory (SDT) provides the theoretical foundation of this paper. It allows a differentiated analysis

Florian H. Müller; Marko Palek

2005-01-01

357

Blackfoot Disease in Taiwan: A 30Year Follow-up Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Blackfoot disease is an endemic peripheral vascular disease found among the inhabitants of a limited area on the southwest coast of Tai wan, where artesian well water with a high concentration of arsenic has been used for more than eighty years. The natural history of blackfoot dis ease, based on a prospective study of 1,300 patients, is presented. The overall

Wen-Ping Tseng

1989-01-01

358

A Program To Promote Positive Body Image: A 1-Year Follow-Up Evaluation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Evaluated the effectiveness of a program designed to promote body image satisfaction and prevent eating problems in young adolescent girls over a 1-year period. Found no program effect. Found instead, significant increases in body image satisfaction and decreases in eating problem scores over time for participants in both the prevention and…

McVey, Gail L.; Davis, Ron

2002-01-01

359

A Five-Year Follow-Up of Sheltered Workshop Employees Placed in Competitive Jobs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Personal interviews and agency records were used to examine month-by-month vocational histories of 53 sheltered workshop employees placed in competitive jobs. Most participants who were still employed after four to five years had parental support, while those who returned to the workshop or were unemployed did not. (Author/CL)

Brickey, Michael P.; And Others

1985-01-01

360

Two-year follow-up study of primary and transitional progressive multiple sclerosis.  

PubMed

This study documents changes in clinical and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) characteristics in a large cohort of patients with primary and transitional progressive multiple sclerosis (PP and TPMS) over 2 years. Patients with PPMS and TPMS were recruited from six European centres and underwent clinical and MRI examination at three time points: baseline, year one and year two. Of the 190 patients recruited clinical data were available on 125 patients (66%, five centres) and MRI data were available on 113 patients (59%, four centres) at 2 years. Significant increases were seen in T2 load and T1 hypointensity, while brain and cord volume decreased. In PPMS significantly higher lesion loads were found in those who presented with non-cord syndromes when compared to cord presentation and there was a trend to greater brain atrophy in those who deteriorated clinically over the course of the study compared to those who remained stable. Significant cord atrophy was only seen in those with a cord presentation. Measurable changes in MRI parameters can be detected in PPMS patients over a relatively short period of time. MRI quantification is likely to be useful in elucidating disease mechanisms in PPMS and in the execution of clinical trials. PMID:11990866

Ingle, G T; Stevenson, V L; Miller, D H; Leary, S M; Rovaris, M; Barkhof, F; Brochet, B; Dousset, V; Filippi, M; Montalban, X; Kalkers, N F; Polman, C H; Rovira, A; Thompson, A J

2002-04-01

361

Psychopathology in a Large Cohort of Sexually Abused Children Followed up to 43 Years  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Objective: To determine the rate and risk of clinical and personality disorders diagnosed in childhood and adulthood in those known to have been sexually abused during childhood. Methods: Forensic medical records of 2,759 sexually abused children assessed between 1964 and 1995 were linked with a public psychiatric database between 12 and 43 years

Cutajar, Margaret C.; Mullen, Paul E.; Ogloff, James R. P.; Thomas, Stuart D.; Wells, David L.; Spataro, Josie

2010-01-01

362

A 7-Year Longitudinal Follow-Up of Intellectual Development in Children with Congenital Hemiplegia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Aims: Our aim was to examine intellectual development in children with congenital hemiplegia from early childhood to adolescence. Method: Full-scale IQ (FIQ), Verbal IQ (VIQ), and Performance IQ (PIQ) scores were measured in 32 participants (19 males, 13 females) with congenital hemiplegia at mean ages of 4 years 6 months (SD 7mo; 31…

Gonzalez-Monge, Sibylle; Boudia, Baya; Ritz, Annie; Abbas-Chorfa, Fatima; Rabilloud, Muriel; Iwaz, Jean; Berard, Carole

2009-01-01

363

A Program To Promote Positive Body Image: A 1-Year Follow-Up Evaluation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Evaluated the effectiveness of a program designed to promote body image satisfaction and prevent eating problems in young adolescent girls over a 1-year period. Found no program effect. Found instead, significant increases in body image satisfaction and decreases in eating problem scores over time for participants in both the prevention and…

McVey, Gail L.; Davis, Ron

2002-01-01

364

Changing Autoerotic Attitudes and Practices among College Females: A Two-Year Follow-Up Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examined effects of functional marriage and family course on female undergraduates' masturbatory attitudes and behaviors. Subjects completed questionnaires during course and two years later. Control group also completed questionnaires. Course respondents became substantially more accepting of masturbation by acquaintances and were more likely to…

Davidson, J. Kenneth, Sr.; Darling, Carol A.

1988-01-01

365

Dissemination of a Quit Smoking Program: 1 Year Follow Up. Abstract, Executuve Summary and Final Report.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The study assessed the implementation of a smoking cessation program in 17 agencies providing case management visits to women in maternal and child health (MCH) programs, in the two years since the program was disseminated to case managers through a train...

C. Manfredi

2000-01-01

366

Pubertal Timing and Substance Use in Middle Adolescence: A 2-Year Follow-Up Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Earlier research has associated early puberty with emotional and behavioral symptoms particularly among girls, while among boys, findings have been contradictory as to whether risks are associated with early or late pubertal timing. We studied the association between pubertal timing and substance use behaviors in middle adolescence in a 2-year

Kaltiala-Heino, Riittakerttu; Koivisto, Anna-Maija; Marttunen, Mauri; Frojd, Sari

2011-01-01

367

The Stability and Structure of Career Decision-Making Profiles: A 1-Year Follow-Up  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The Career Decision-Making Profile (CDMP) questionnaire is a multidimensional measure of the way individuals make career decisions, developed as an alternative to the single, most-dominant trait approach. Using a sample of freshmen students, the 2-week reliability (N = 273) and 1-year stability (N = 182) of the CDMP was tested for each of the 12…

Gati, Itamar; Levin, Nimrod

2012-01-01

368

Psychological follow-up study of 5-year-old ICSI children  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: The developmental outcomes of children born after ICSI are still a matter of concern. The purpose of the present study was to investigate psychological outcomes for 5-year-old children born after ICSI and compare these with outcomes for children born after spontaneous conception (SC). METHODS: Three hundred singleton children born after ICSI in Belgium, Sweden and the USA were matched

I. Ponjaert-Kristoffersen; T. Tjus; J. Nekkebroeck; J. Squires; D. Verte; M. Heimann

2004-01-01

369

Psychopathology in a Large Cohort of Sexually Abused Children Followed up to 43 Years  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: To determine the rate and risk of clinical and personality disorders diagnosed in childhood and adulthood in those known to have been sexually abused during childhood. Methods: Forensic medical records of 2,759 sexually abused children assessed between 1964 and 1995 were linked with a public psychiatric database between 12 and 43 years

Cutajar, Margaret C.; Mullen, Paul E.; Ogloff, James R. P.; Thomas, Stuart D.; Wells, David L.; Spataro, Josie

2010-01-01

370

Work-Related Musculoskeletal Disorders in Physical Therapists: A Prospective Cohort Study With 1-Year Follow-up  

PubMed Central

Background: Work-related musculoskeletal disorders (WMSDs) have a significant impact on physical therapists, but few studies have addressed the issue. Research is needed to determine the scope of the problem and the effects of specific risk factors. Objectives: The objectives of this study were: (1) to determine the 1-year incidence rate of WMSDs in physical therapists and (2) to determine the effects of specific risk factors. Design: This was a prospective cohort study with 1-year follow-up. Methods: Subjects were randomly selected American Physical Therapy Association members (N=882). Exposure assessment included demographic data, physical risk factors, job strain, and specific physical therapy tasks. The primary outcome was WMSDs, with a severity rating of at least 4/10 and present at least once a month or lasting longer than a week. Results: The response rate to the baseline questionnaire was 67%. Ninety-three percent of the subjects who responded to the baseline questionnaire responded to the follow-up questionnaire. The 1-year incidence rate of WMSDs was 20.7%. Factors that increased the risk for WMSDs included patient transfers, patient repositioning, bent or twisted postures, joint mobilization, soft tissue work, and job strain. Limitations: The primary limitation of this study was the number of therapists who had a change in their job situation during the follow-up year. Conclusions: Work-related musculoskeletal disorders are prevalent in physical therapists. Physical therapy exposures, patient handling, and manual therapy, in particular, increase the risk for WMSDs.

Campo, Marc; Weiser, Sherri; Koenig, Karen L; Nordin, Margareta

2008-01-01

371

Rorschach measures of posttraumatic stress in Persian Gulf War veterans: a three-year follow-up study.  

PubMed

The long-term psychological effects of war-related stress were assessed with the Rorschach 3 years after the Persian Gulf War. Rorschach data are presented for 30 U.S. Marine reservists at a 3-year follow-up who reported experiencing symptoms of posttraumatic stress (PTS) initially after Operation Desert Storm (ODS), and for 25 Marine reservist controls who did not participate in ODS. Results showed significant differences over time between the initial evaluation data and follow-up, and between initial evaluation and the control group on selected Rorschach variables associated with coping ability and PTS. Scores associated with acute distress, capacity for coping and control, and feeling overwhelmed all were found to significantly decrease over time. These findings are discussed in relation to the assessment and understanding of PTS symptomatology over time. PMID:8576835

Sloan, P; Arsenault, L; Hilsenroth, M; Handler, L; Harvill, L

1996-02-01

372

Unicompartmental knee replacements with Miller-Galante prosthesis: Two to 16-year follow-up of a single surgeon series  

Microsoft Academic Search

We report the outcome of 94 Miller-Galante unicompartmental knee replacements done by a single surgeon over 16 years in a\\u000a district general hospital in the UK. Patellofemoral arthritis was considered a contraindication only if symptomatic and confirmed\\u000a on radiography and surgery. Deformity when present was correctable. The mean age at surgery was 66.54 years. The mean follow-up\\u000a was 10.8 years (2–16 years). The mean

Joby John; C. Mauffrey; Peter May

2011-01-01

373

3–5 year longitudinal follow-up of pediatric patients after acute renal failure  

Microsoft Academic Search

Few data exist regarding the long-term sequelae of acute renal failure (ARF), and these studies are limited to a few renal conditions. We aim to assess the 3–5-year survival and incidence of renal injury in children who previously developed ARF of varying causes. We queried parents, physicians, and hospital\\/state vital statistics records to find patient survival in 174 children who

D J Askenazi; D I Feig; N M Graham; S Hui-Stickle; S L Goldstein

2006-01-01

374

Mallet Deformity of the Finger: Five-Year Follow-Up of Conservative Treatment (Trauma)  

Microsoft Academic Search

We reviewed 31 patients at a mean of five years after mallet deformity of the finger had been treated with a thermoplastic splint.Intra-articular fractures were present in 35% of patients. Osteoarthritic changes had developed in 48%, most in association with fracture, and 29% had a swan-neck deformity. There was a loss of extension greater than 10 degrees in 35%; the

C. Mbubaegbu; B. Okafor; FRCS Orth; Grade Surgeon; I. Munshi; D. J. Williams

375

Executive Function Outcomes Following Traumatic Brain Injury in Young Children: A Five Year Follow-Up  

Microsoft Academic Search

Little is known about the long-term effects of traumatic brain injury (TBI) in very young children. This study used a prospective, cross-sectional design to investigate the impact of TBI on executive function (EF) outcomes in children who sustained a TBI before the age of seven. The study aimed to identify specific or global EF deficits five years post-TBI, and to

Caroline Nadebaum; Vicki Anderson; Cathy Catroppa

2007-01-01

376

DEXA evaluation of total hip arthroplasty with neck-preserving technique: 4-year follow-up  

Microsoft Academic Search

Periprosthetic bone remodeling, and its evaluation, are the keys of long-term survival of cementless total hip arthroplasty. Dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DEXA) is the most accurate method to measure bone mineral density, evaluating the effects of bone-prosthesis interactions. We studied, 4 years after implantation, 10 patients who underwent total hip arthroplasty with the CFP prosthetic stem and TOP acetabular cup

F. Biggi; F. Franchin; R. Lovato; F. Pipino

2004-01-01

377

A 5-year follow-up of general practice patients experiencing depression  

Microsoft Academic Search

Methods. The Medic-GP database is a collection of the medical records of ? 50 000 people seen in nine Australian general practices. It was used to follow the management of depressed patients over 4-5 years. Records from 1994-1995 were searched for depression or similar words. Individual records of patients whose notes mentioned depression were randomly selected and examined to determine

Ian Wilson; Katherine Duszynski; Andrea Manta

378

Prognostic significance of transient myocardial ischaemia after first acute myocardial infarction: five year follow up study  

Microsoft Academic Search

OBJECTIVE--To assess the five year prognostic significance of transient myocardial ischaemia on ambulatory monitoring after a first acute myocardial infarction, and to compare the diagnostic and long term prognostic value of ambulatory ST segment monitoring, maximal exercise testing, and echocardiography in patients with documented ischaemic heart disease. DESIGN--Prospective study. SETTING--Cardiology department of a teaching hospital. PATIENTS--123 consecutive men aged under

H. Mickley; J. R. Nielsen; J. Berning; A. Junker; M. Møller

1995-01-01

379

Lung function in adult idiopathic scoliosis: a 20 year follow up  

Microsoft Academic Search

Severe idiopathic scoliosis may lead to respiratory failure, which can be treated by assisted ventilation. Twenty four patients with surgically untreated idiopathic scoliosis who had been examined in 1968 were re-examined in 1988 to assess changes in lung function and risk factors for respiratory failure. The patients were aged 15-67 years in 1968 and had a scoliotic angle of 10-190

K Pehrsson; B Bake; S Larsson; A Nachemson

1991-01-01

380

Parental Narratives About Genetic Testing for Hearing Loss: A One Year Follow Up Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Few studies examine whether and how parental attitudes towards genetic testing change over time. In this study we interviewed\\u000a parents of 14 children with newly identified hearing loss at two time points: after referral to genetics and 1 year later.\\u000a Qualitative analyses of parental narratives indicate that parental attitudes did not change significantly over this time.\\u000a Parents who perceived genetic testing

Girija Kaimal; Annie G. Steinberg; Sara Ennis; Sue Moyer Harasink; Rachel Ewing; Yuelin Li

2007-01-01

381

Flow cytometry of colorectal carcinoma with three-year follow-up  

Microsoft Academic Search

Flow cytometry DNA measurements were carried out on colorectal carcinomas from a series of 33 patients who have since been\\u000a followed for three to four years. The tumors could be subclassified by this technique into 15 that had near-diploid DNA and\\u000a 18 that were aneuploid. Prior reports had suggested that the near-diploid tumors carry a better prognosis than aneuploid tumors,

Myron R. Melamed; Warren E. Enker; Perry Banner; Abbe J. Janov; Glen Kessler; Zbigniew Darzynkiewicz

1986-01-01

382

A Two-Year-Old with Rickets: Diet History, Treatment and Follow-Up  

Microsoft Academic Search

AJ, a 2-year-old African-American male, was referred to a nutrition and gastroenterology clinic with the diagnosis of rickets and iron deficiency anemia, both of which were secondary to poor nutrition. All of the classic signs of rickets were present: frontal bossing, rachitic rosary, enlarged joints, and bowed legs with the latter condition making it impossible for AJ to walk without

K. R. Kramer; S. M. Phillips; J. Radcliffe

1998-01-01

383

Executive Inhibitory Control and Cooperative Behavior During Early School Years: A Follow-Up Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Several links between aspects of executive functioning and the development of social competence have been established. The\\u000a present study investigates the relation between executive inhibitory control and cooperative\\/non-cooperative behavior, in\\u000a an ecological setting, and from a longitudinal perspective. Elementary school children (n=195) of three age groups (7, 9, 11 years, initially) were measured at two consecutive time points, at a

Silvia Ciairano; Laura Visu-Petra; Michele Settanni

2007-01-01

384

Two-year follow-up of amyloid deposition in patients with Alzheimer's disease  

Microsoft Academic Search

Beta amyloid is one of the major histopathological hallmarks of Alzheimer's disease. We recently reported in vivo imaging of amyloid in 16 Alzheimer patients, using the PET ligand N-methyl(11C)2- (40-methylaminophenyl)-6-hydroxy-benzothiazole (PIB). Inthepresentstudy we rescanned these 16 Alzheimer patients after 2.0 60.5 years and have described the interval change in amyloid deposition and regional cerebral metabolic rate for glucose (rCMRGlc) at

W. E. Klunk; Anton Forsberg; Ove Almkvist; B. J. Lopresti; S. T. DeKosky; Irina Savitcheva; Anders Wall; Anna Ringheim; B. Langstrom; Agneta Nordberg

2006-01-01

385

Former college artistic gymnasts maintain higher BMD: a nine-year follow-up  

Microsoft Academic Search

Introduction  If higher bone gains acquired from weight-bearing sports during growth persist into old age, the residual benefits could delay or even prevent osteoporotic fractures. The purpose of this study was to determine if the higher areal bone mineral density (aBMD) observed 15 years after competitive training and competition in former female college artistic gymnasts (GYM) compared with controls (CON) is maintained

N. K. Pollock; E. M. Laing; C. M. Modlesky; P. J. O’Connor; R. D. Lewis

2006-01-01

386

THE MENTAL HEALTH OF WAR-WOUNDED REFUGEES: AN 8YEAR FOLLOW-UP  

Microsoft Academic Search

The complex nature of recent wars and armed conflicts has forced many war- injured persons into exile. To investigate their long-term mental health, three instruments for assessing mental health (HSCL-25, PTSS-10, and a Well-Being scale) were presented to 44 war-wounded refugees from nine different countries 8 years after arrival in Sweden. The prevalence of psychiatric symptoms was high and corresponds

ANN-CHARLOTTE HERMANSSON; TOOMAS TIMPKA; MIKAEL THYBERG

2002-01-01

387

Serum Ferritin and Cardiovascular Disease: A 17Year Follow-up Study in Busselton, Western Australia  

Microsoft Academic Search

The association between serum ferritin level and coronary heart disease (CHD) and stroke events was evaluated in a long-term Western Australia prospective study in 1981-1998. The cohort consisted of the 1,612 men and women aged 40-89 years who participated in the 1981 Busselton Health Survey and who were free of cardiovascular disease at that time. Serum ferritin levels were obtained

M. W. Knuiman; M. L. Divitini; J. K. Olynyk; D. J. Cullen; H. C. Bartholomew

2003-01-01

388

Primary radiotherapy of prolactinomas. Eight- to 15-year follow-up  

SciTech Connect

Eight women with amenorrhea, galactorrhea, and hyperprolactinemia, of whom six had macroadenomas and two had microadenomas, were treated with conventional (cobalt-60) external radiotherapy, and their progress was monitored for eight to 15 years. Normoprolactinemia was established in five of these patients after two to 13 years (median, nine years). A recurrence was treated surgically in one patient, and stable prolactin values and roentgenographic features have been maintained in two patients. Hypopituitarism has developed in only one patient to date, and no other complications of radiotherapy have been observed. These findings, together with the few previous reports on the long-term effects of radiotherapy on macroprolactinomas, have been compared with the long-term results following surgery or dopamine agonist therapy. The normalization of prolactin values is considerably delayed following radiotherapy compared with the other two therapeutic modalities. However, radiotherapy affords permanent normalization without recurrence in a larger percentage of patients than does surgery and avoids the considerable ongoing cost and inconvenience of daily drug ingestion. The long-term development of hypopituitarism appears to be an acceptably small risk of radiotherapy. Thus, conventional radiotherapy is an attractive treatment option, particularly for macroprolactinomas; adjunctive bromocriptine can be used while awaiting the longer-term benefits of radiotherapy.

Mehta, A.E.; Reyes, F.I.; Faiman, C.

1987-07-01

389

Three-year follow-up of lanthanum carbonate therapy in hemodialysis patients.  

PubMed

For 3 years following the start of lanthanum carbonate therapy, effects on other pharmaceutical treatment with sevelamer hydrochloride (SH), calcium carbonate (CC), and vitamin D, and those on clinical condition were examined. Dialysis patients with hyperphosphatemia (89 cases; average age 55.2 years; dialysis history of 10 years; 50 male and 39 female), who agreed to start lanthanum carbonate (LC) administration, were observed for a mean period of 32.6?±?6.2 months. Mean daily dosages of CC and SH before starting LC were 2.68?g and 0.73?g; mean daily dosage amounts of LC, CC, and SH at the time of final evaluation were 0.87?g, 2.30?g, and 0.99?g, respectively. After the application of LC, serum phosphate as well as serum calcium controls were significantly improved, and the amounts of active vitamin D agents applied was significantly increased. In conclusion, LC is useful in managing serum phosphorus levels (P levels), and little incidence of hypercalcemia suggests favorable concomitant use with active vitamin D agents in LC therapy. PMID:23586508

Takeuchi, Kazuhisa; Matsuda, Etsuko; Sekino, Makoto; Hasegawa, Yukiko; Kamo, Yoshie; Kikuchi, Natsue; Sekino, Hiroshi

2013-04-01

390

High-Density Exposure Therapy for Obsessive-Compulsive Inpatients: A 1Year Follow-Up1  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: This study evaluates the effects of individual high-density exposure (2–3 weeks, all day) plus response prevention therapy on 85 unselected inpatients suffering from obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). Methods: Twenty-eight therapist practitioners performed treatment. Results: At 1-year follow-up, self-ratings indicated that patients on average felt much improved. Impairment by both obsessions and compulsions was significantly reduced (p < 0.001 in each

Claudia Wetzel; Hinrich Bents; Irmela Florin

1999-01-01

391

Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy for Threshold and Subthreshold Anorexia Nervosa: A Three-Year Follow-Up Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: Few long-term follow-up studies have evaluated the response to psychotherapeutical interventions in anorexia nervosa (AN). The effectiveness of individual cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) and the possible predictors of outcome in outpatients suffering from threshold and subthreshold AN (s-AN) were evaluated. Methods: At the beginning (T0) and at the end of treatment (T1), and 3 years after the end of treatment

Valdo Ricca; Giovanni Castellini; Carolina Lo Sauro; Edoardo Mannucci; Claudia Ravaldi; Francesco Rotella; Carlo Faravelli

2010-01-01

392

Association of Reduced Physical Activity and Quantitative Ultrasound Measurements: A 6Year Follow-up Study of Adolescent Girls  

Microsoft Academic Search

Sonographic parameters of the heel were recorded in order to investigate the effects of changes in physical activities among\\u000a 140 healthy growing peripubertal Caucasian girls. Calcaneal quantitative ultrasound measurements (Hologic Sahara) were recorded\\u000a at baseline and 2- and 6-year follow-up. Broadband ultrasound attenuation, speed of sound (SOS), and T scores were documented.\\u000a Altogether, 30 girls reduced their physical activity by

E. Rautava; M. Lehtonen-Veromaa; T. Möttönen; H. Kautiainen; O. J. Heinonen; J. Viikari

2006-01-01

393

Overweight and obesity trends among Japanese adults: a 10-year follow-up of the JPHC Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective:Limited data are available regarding longitudinal changes in body weight. Here, we describe changes in the prevalences of overweight and obesity and calculated the incidence of these indices during a 10-year follow-up period for a large-scale cohort study in Japan.Design:Longitudinal analysis of data from a population-based cohort study, the Japan Public Health Center (JPHC) Study.Participants:A total of 65 095 Japanese

Y Matsushita; Y Takahashi; T Mizoue; M Inoue; M Noda; S Tsugane

2008-01-01

394

Arthroscopically Assisted Mini-Open Rotator Cuff RepairsFunctional Outcome at 2- to 7Year Follow-up  

Microsoft Academic Search

The functional outcome of 22 consecutive patients with full-thickness rotator cuff tears repaired using an arthroscopically assisted technique was evaluated. The average follow-up was 39 months (24 to 80), and the average tear size was 3.5 cm (1 to 7). There were 14 men and 8 women, with a mean age of 56 years (29 to 80); 86% of patients

Jonathan C. Hersch; Nicholas A. Sgaglione

2000-01-01

395

Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction With LARS Artificial Ligament: A Multicenter Study With 3- to 5Year Follow-up  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose: The aim of this multicenter study was to evaluate the clinical outcome of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction by use of the Ligament Advanced Reinforcement System (LARS) artificial ligament (Surgical Implants and Devices, Arc-sur-Tille, France) with 3- to 5-year follow-up. Methods: From August 2004 to July 2006, 159 patients with ACL rupture underwent arthroscopic ACL recon- struction with LARS

Kai Gao; Shiyi Chen; Lide Wang; Weiguo Zhang; Yifan Kang; Qirong Dong; Haibin Zhou; Linan Li

2010-01-01

396

Depression and Suicidal Ideation After Predictive Testing for Huntington's Disease: A Two-Year Follow-up Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present study reports a two-year follow-up of psychological effects of predictive testing for Huntington's disease. Questionnaires assessing depression, general health, well-being, self injurious behavior, life satisfaction, and lifestyle were completed by 35 carriers and 58 non-carriers before the predictive test, and 2, 6, 12, and 24 months afterwards. Both carriers and non-carriers showed high suicidal ideation before the predictive

Maria U. Larsson; Mary A. Luszcz; Tarja-Brita Robins Wahlin

2006-01-01

397

Shorter communication Brooding and reflection: Rumination predicts suicidal ideation at 1-year follow-up in a community sample  

Microsoft Academic Search

The cognitive processes underlying suicidal thinking and behavior are not well understood. The present study examined brooding and reflection, two dimensions of rumination, as predictors of suicidal ideation among a community sample of 1134 adults. Participants completed self-report measures of rumination and depression, and a semi-structured clinical interview that included an assessment of suicidal ideation, at baseline and 1-year follow-up.

Regina Miranda; Susan Nolen-Hoeksema

398

Training and Certification for Early Childhood Special Education Personnel: A Six-Year Follow-up Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

A six-year follow-up survey of state, district and U.S. territory certification offices was conducted to determine current requirements for early childhood special education personnel. In addition, the status of known training programs was assessed. All 50 states, the District of Columbia, American Samoa, Guam, and Puerto Rico responded. Twenty respondents (20%) reported a separate early childhood special education certification\\/endorsement, 19

Stephen W Stile; Sandra M. Abernathy; Timothy J. Pettibone; William J. Wachtel

1984-01-01

399

Five to ten years follow-up after coiling of 241 patients with acutely ruptured aneurysms. A single centre experience.  

PubMed

Endovascular treatment has assumed a role of first choice in the management of ruptured intracranial aneurysms. We describe the clinical and morphological data after the treatment of 258 ruptured intracranial aneurysms in 241 patients, in order to evaluate the safety and the efficacy of the endovascular treatment. Two hundred and forty-one patients with saccular ruptured aneurysms were treated at our institution between 2000 and 2005. After the endovascular treatment a clinical and angiographic follow-up was conducted. The clinical follow-up was carried out with a medical examination and telephonic interviews and mRS was used for evaluation. Two hundred and forty-nine acutely ruptured aneurysms were successfully treated and immediately after the endovascular procedure 81.9% of the aneurysms resulted completely occluded, 12.1% had a residual neck and 6% revealed a residual sac. The evolution of each grade was evaluated at six months and two years. During the follow-up we observed five early and one late re-bleedings. Twenty-four patients underwent a second procedure. After the discharge and up to ten years 73.1% of patients had a good clinical outcome (mRS0-1), 8.9% died and the remainder showed moderate-severe disability (mRS2-3). The long-term stability of the anatomical result is a critic-al issue of this approach because eventual re-bleedings may occur even after several months or years. A careful clinical and radiological follow-up for up to two years after the embolization may prevent recurrences but may not be sufficient. PMID:22440595

Consoli, A; Renieri, L; Mura, R; Nappini, S; Ricciardi, F; Pecchioli, G; Ammannati, F; Mangiafico, S

2012-03-16

400

Results of a series of 113 ACADEMIA total knee prostheses with a follow-up at 5 years  

Microsoft Academic Search

Introduction  One hundred and thirteen patients underwent the implantation of an ACADEMIA prosthesis between 1999 and 2000. The minimum\\u000a follow-up period was 5 years. The ACADEMIA prosthesis is available in either uncemented or cemented model, in posterior-cruciate-retaining\\u000a (PCL) and posterior-stabilised (PS) versions, with a fixed plate. This is a continuous, retrospective, multicenter study;\\u000a all etiologies were included. Degenerative lesions markedly predominated;

M. Philippe; R. Petit

2008-01-01

401

Skinfold thickness, body mass index, and fatal coronary heart disease: 30 year follow up of the Northwick Park heart study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Study objective: To examine the effect of baseline body mass index (BMI) and skinfold thickness (ST) on fatal coronary heart disease (CHD) and all cause mortality after 30 years of follow up.Design: Prospective cohort study.Setting: Northwick Park heart study (NPHS) designed to investigate the role of haemostatic variables on CHD.Participants: 1511 men and 691 women enrolled in NPHS aged 40

Joseph Kim; Tom Meade; Andy Haines

2006-01-01

402

Outcome of very preterm birth: children reviewed with ease at 2 years differ from those followed up with difficulty  

Microsoft Academic Search

AIMTo determine whether those most easily reviewed in a population prevalence study differ from those followed up only with difficulty.METHODSAll babies born before 32 weeks of gestation in the North of England in 1983, 1990, and 1991 were traced, and all the survivors assessed at two years by one of two independent clinicians.RESULTS818 of the 1138 live born babies survived

Win Tin; Susan Fritz; Unni Wariyar; Edmund Hey

1998-01-01

403

One case of big-toe re-plantation: a 13-year follow-up and a literature review.  

PubMed

In this case of a 3-year-old patient who had a left big-toe amputation through the proximal phalange, re-plantation was performed successfully. Big-toe amputations are not frequent entities, but it should always be re-planted to avoid unsatisfactory aesthetic and functional outcomes. There are just a few reports in literature and their follow-up is very brief compared with our report. PMID:19427827

Wolff, Germán Augusto; Posso, Carolina

2009-05-08

404

Clinical evaluation of C7 spinal nerve transection: 21 patients with at least 2 yearsfollow-up  

Microsoft Academic Search

SUMMARY.We have performed C7 spinal nerve transfer to treat root injury of the brachial plexus since 1989. Out of a total of 43 patients, 21 have been followed up for at least 2 years. Evaluation of the effect of C7 transection included clinical examination, intraoperative C7 stimulation, LIDO Workset machine and electrophysiological studies to test C7 innervated muscles, and histochemical

D. Chwei-Chin Chuang; Shao-Lung Cheng; Fu-Chan Wei; Chia-Lun Wu; Yat-Sen Ho

1998-01-01

405

Long-term follow-up after laparoscopic management of endometrial cancer: a 15-year cohort study  

Microsoft Academic Search

The objective of this study was to evaluate long-term oncological outcomes of laparoscopic management of endometrial carcinoma\\u000a (EC) in a large series of consecutive patients from two referral cancer centres. The study is a large retrospective study\\u000a with 15-year follow-up. The clinical records of 207 consecutive women with clinical stage I EC managed by laparoscopy between\\u000a 1990 and 2005 were

Benoit Rabischong; Demetrio Larraín; Guillaume Le Bouëdec; Michel Canis; Christophe Pomel; Kris Jardon; Fabrice Kwiatkowski; Jean-Louis Achard; Jacques Dauplat; Gerard Mage

406

Cilazapril Treatment in a Cohort of Seven Patients with Congestive Heart Failure: A Seven-Year Follow-Up Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: Although angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEIs) have been shown to prolong life in patients with congestive heart failure (CHF), the prognosis of these patients remains poor.Objective: The purpose of the study was to reevaluate a cohort of patients with CHF after 7 years of follow-up with cilazapril therapy to assess the renin-angiotensin system (RAS), anatomic and functional capacity of the

?eref Demirel; Osman Erk; Mehmet Ünal; Sezai Vatansever; Hüseyin Oflaz; ?lker Yücesir; Nursal Florinal?; Kamil Adalet

2003-01-01

407

Three year follow up of patients with raised blood pressure identified at health checks in general practice  

Microsoft Academic Search

OBJECTIVE--To assess the extent of three year follow up of blood pressure, weight, and smoking habit in patients with raised blood pressure identified at health checks. DESIGN--Retrospective audit of medical and nursing records. SETTING--Three general practices in Oxfordshire. PATIENTS--386 of 448 patients with raised blood pressure (diastolic greater than or equal to 90 or systolic greater than or equal to

D. Mant; C. McKinlay; A. Fuller; T. Randall; E. M. Fullard; J. Muir

1989-01-01

408

Obsessive–compulsive disorder: A 3-year prospective follow-up study of patients treated with serotonin reuptake inhibitors  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study aimed to evaluate the long-term course of obsessive–compulsive disorder (OCD) in patients treated with serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SRIs) and to identify predictors of clinical outcome. Seventy-nine patients fulfilling DSM-IV criteria for OCD were followed prospectively for 3 years. Baseline information was collected on demographic and clinical characteristics, using standardized instruments. During the follow-up period, the clinical status of

Francesco Catapano; Francesco Perris; Mariangela Masella; Flavia Rossano; Marco Cigliano; Lorenza Magliano; Mario Maj

2006-01-01

409

The Longitudinal Course of Borderline Psychopathology: 6Year Prospective Follow-Up of the Phenomenology of Borderline Personality Disorder  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: The syndromal and subsyn- dromal phenomenology of borderline personality disorder was tracked over 6 years of prospective follow-up. Method: The psychopathology of 362 in- patients with personality disorders was assessed with the Revised Diagnostic In- terview for Borderlines (DIB-R) and bor- derline personality disorder module of the Revised Diagnostic Interview for DSM- III-R Personality Disorders. Of these pa- tients,

Mary C. Zanarini; Frances R. Frankenburg; John Hennen; Kenneth R. Silk

2003-01-01

410

Low cholesterol, mortality, and quality of life in old age during a 39-year follow-up  

Microsoft Academic Search

OBJECTIVES We assessed the impact of serum cholesterol level in early midlife on total mortality during up to 39 years of follow-up and on the quality of life (QoL) in old age. BACKGROUND Total effects of low serum cholesterol on health have been in dispute, especially in elderly persons, and there are few data on the long-term effects of low

Timo E. Strandberg; Arto Strandberg; Kirsi Rantanen; Veikko V. Salomaa; K. Pitkala; Tatu A. Miettinen

2004-01-01

411

Muscle fiber-type distribution predicts weight gain and unfavorable left ventricular geometry: a 19 year follow-up study  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Skeletal muscle consists of type-I (slow-twitch) and type-II (fast-twitch) fibers, with proportions highly variable between individuals and mostly determined by genetic factors. Cross-sectional studies have associated low percentage of type-I fibers (type-I%) with many cardiovascular risk factors. METHODS: We investigated whether baseline type-I% predicts left ventricular (LV) structure and function at 19-year follow-up, and if so, which are the

Jouko Karjalainen; Heikki Tikkanen; Miika Hernelahti; Urho M Kujala

2006-01-01

412

A 1.5-year follow-up of an internet-based intervention for complicated grief  

Microsoft Academic Search

Only recently have psychotherapeutic interventions for complicated grief been developed and evaluated in randomized controlled trials. These trials have reported significant reductions in complicated grief and related symptoms in response to treatment relative to control groups. However, little is known about the long-term outcomes of these treatments. The authors present an evaluation of a 1.5-year follow-up of an Internet-based cognitive-behavioral

Birgit Wagner; Andreas Maercker

2007-01-01

413

T2 lesion location really matters: a 10 year follow-up study in primary progressive multiple sclerosis  

Microsoft Academic Search

ObjectivesPrediction of long term clinical outcome in patients with primary progressive multiple sclerosis (PPMS) using imaging has important clinical implications, but remains challenging. We aimed to determine whether spatial location of T2 and T1 brain lesions predicts clinical progression during a 10-year follow-up in PPMS.MethodsLesion probability maps of the T2 and T1 brain lesions were generated using the baseline scans

B. Bodini; M. Battaglini; N. De Stefano; Z. Khaleeli; F. Barkhof; D. Chard; M. Filippi; X. Montalban; C. Polman; M. Rovaris; A. Rovira; R. Samson; D. Miller; A. Thompson; O. Ciccarelli

2010-01-01

414

Homeopathic treatment of patients with chronic sinusitis: A prospective observational study with 8 years follow-up  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: An evaluation of homeopathic treatment and the outcomes in patients suffering from sinusitis for ?12 weeks in a usual care situation. METHODS: Subgroup analysis including all patients with chronic sinusitis (ICD-9: 473.9; ?12 weeks duration) of a large prospective multicentre observational study population. Consecutive patients presenting for homeopathic treatment were followed-up for 2 years, and complaint severity, health-related quality

Claudia M Witt; Rainer Lüdtke; Stefan N Willich

2009-01-01

415

Average 10.1-year follow-up of cementless total knee arthroplasty in patients with rheumatoid arthritis  

PubMed Central

Background Total knee arthroplasty (TKA) using a cemented technique has been recommended in patients with rheumatoid arthritis owing to the initial stability of the fixation and long-term durability of the components; however, similar long-term follow-up results have been reported in patients who have undergone cementless TKA. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the radiologic and clinical outcomes of cementless TKA in patients with rheumatoid arthritis. Methods We enrolled patients undergoing cementless TKA from March 1990 to February 2000. Clinical and radiologic evaluations were performed using the Knee Society clinical rating system and radiographic evaluation and scoring system. Results We included the cases of 112 patients who underwent 179 cementless TKA procedures in our analysis. Their mean age was 62.3 years, and the mean follow-up period was 10.1 years. The final survival rate was 0.968 at the 15.5-year follow-up. Regarding radiologic results after surgery, the mean total valgus angle was 6.7°, the mean femoral flexion angle was 97.5° and the mean tibial angle was 89.2° on the anteroposterior radiographs. On the lateral films, the mean femoral flexion angle was 1.6° and the mean tibial angle was 89.2°. At the last follow-up, the mean total valgus angle was 6.5°, the mean femoral flexion angle was 97.4° and the mean tibial angle was 89.1°, as seen on the anteroposterior view. On the lateral views, the mean femoral flexion angle was 1.4° and the mean tibial angle was 89.0°. Regarding the clinical outcome, the mean knee score and function score on the Knee Society clinical rating system were also enhanced from 47.5 and 43.6, respectively, before the operation to 91.2 and 82.3, respectively, at the last follow-up. Conclusion On radiologic and clinical follow-up of cementless TKA for patients with rheumatoid arthritis, there were no serious complications, and the results of the operation were satisfactory with improvement in range of motion and clinical symptoms.

Woo, Young Kyun; Kim, Ki Won; Chung, Jin Wha; Lee, Hwa Sung

2011-01-01

416

Health selection in a 14-year follow-up study--a question of gendered discrimination?  

PubMed

Health selection, as one of the several possible explanations for social inequities in health, has been receiving more attention recently but few researchers turn the issue into a question of discrimination. The aim of the study was to analyse the impact of health in young age for social position in adult age and to discuss health selection in terms of discrimination from a gender-theoretical perspective. A prospective cohort study was conducted, in which all pupils (N = 1083) in the last year of compulsory school in a middle-sized municipality in northern Sweden were followed for 14 years. The response rate was high, with 96.6% still participating after 14 years. The data were collected through repeated comprehensive self-administered questionnaires as well as through teacher interviews and register data. Health selection was analysed in a multiple logistic regression model, with working-class position at age 30 as a dependent variable and different measures of health/health behaviour at age 16 and 21 as independent variables. Overall, the impact of early health/health behaviour on future socioeconomic position was small or non-existent. However, even after correction for possible mediating and moderating mechanisms, being overweight at age 16 and at age 21 was related to future working-class position among women only. Possible mediating mechanisms were feeling looked down upon, not being active in associations and not reading cultural/political events in daily newspapers. Early menarche together with early motherhood and low education could not explain the correlations. Our results indicate that overweight girls and young women are exposed to gendered discrimination which probably occurs in many arenas, based on the societal norms for female bodies in our society. There is a need to redirect research on health selection into gender research in order to further explore the subject as well as the possible mechanisms of gendered discrimination. PMID:16099575

Hammarström, Anne; Janlert, Urban

2005-11-01

417

Hidden psoriatic arthritis in seronegative oligoarthritis: a 14-year follow-up study.  

PubMed

Out of a cohort of 64 patients with seronegative oligoarthritis (SO), 8 patients with HLA-B13, 5 with Bw16 and 3 with HLA-B17 were invited to participate in a 14-year check-up. Thirteen patients showed some features of psoriatic arthritis, including 5 with suspected skin or nail disease, 5 with a family history of psoriasis, 3 with DIP joint affliction, and 2 with aortic valve insufficiency. It is concluded that a quarter of the patients with SO may have hidden psoriatic arthritis. PMID:2612119

Kaarela, K; Mattila, J; Lehtinen, K; Kotaniemi, A; Luukkainen, R

1989-12-01

418

Combined Tooth-Implant-Supported Telescopic Prostheses in a Midterm Follow-up of > 2 Years.  

PubMed

Purpose: The aim of this trial was to evaluate telescopic-retained prostheses on teeth and implants. Materials and Methods: Ten patients with a mean of 2.8 teeth received strategic implants to achieve triangular/quadrangular support. Survival and complication rates were estimated for telescopic abutments and prostheses. Results: After a mean observation period of > 2 years, no abutment was lost and all prostheses were in function. Complication rates were low, and maintenance services were limited to minor interventions. Conclusions: Combined tooth-implant-retained telescopic prostheses improve prosthetic support and offer successful function over a midterm period in patients with a severely reduced dentition. PMID:24179966

Joda, Tim

419

Impact of Laparoscopic Sleeve Gastrectomy on Iron Indices: 1 Year Follow-Up  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background  Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) has been recently introduced as a stand-alone, restrictive bariatric surgery. Theoretically,\\u000a LSG attenuates micronutrients deficiencies and associated complications that typically observed following malabsorptive procedures.\\u000a The aim of this study was to assess iron indices and the 1-year incidence of iron deficiency in patients undergoing LSG.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Methods  This was a prospective, cohort study; patients who underwent LSG from

Hakeam A. Hakeam; Patrick J. O’Regan; Abdulrahman M. Salem; Fahad Y. Bamehriz; Abdelmoneim M. Eldali

2009-01-01

420

Treatment Outcomes in the Ahmed Baerveldt Comparison Study after One Year of Follow-up  

PubMed Central

Purpose To determine the relative efficacy and complications of the Ahmed FP7 Glaucoma Valve (AGV) and the Baerveldt 101–350 Glaucoma Implant (BGI) in refractory glaucoma. Design Multicenter randomized controlled clinical trial. Participants 276 patients, including 143 in the AGV group and 133 in the BGI group. Methods Patients aged 18–85 years with refractory glaucoma with intraocular pressure (IOP) greater than or equal to 18 mm Hg in whom an aqueous shunt was planned were randomized to undergo implantation of either an AGV or a BGI. Main Outcome Measures Primary outcome was failure, defined as IOP > 21 mm Hg or not reduced by 20%, IOP ? 5 mm Hg, reoperation for glaucoma or removal of implant, or loss of light perception vision. Secondary outcomes included mean IOP, visual acuity, use of supplemental medical therapy, and complications. Results Preoperative IOP (mean ± standard deviation, SD) was 31.2 ± 11.2 in the AGV group and 31.8 ± 12.5 in the BGI group (p = 0.71). At 1 year, IOP was 15.4 ± 5.5 mm Hg in the AGV group and 13.2 ± 6.8 mm Hg in the BGI group (p = 0.007). The number of glaucoma medications (mean ± SD) was 1.8 ± 1.3 in the AGV group and 1.5 ± 1.4 in the BGI group (p = 0.071). The cumulative probability of failure was 16.4% (standard error, SE = 3.1%) in the AGV group and 14.0% (SE = 3.1%) in the BGI group at 1 year (p = 0.52). More patients experienced early postoperative complications in the BGI group (n = 77, 58%) compared to the AGV group (n = 61, 43%, p = 0.016). Serious postoperative complications associated with reoperation and/or vision loss of ? 2 Snellen lines occurred in 29 patients (20%) in the AGV group and 45 patients (34%) in the BGI group (p = 0.014). Conclusions Although the average IOP after one year was slightly higher in patients who received an AGV, there were fewer early and serious postoperative complications associated with the use of the AGV than the BGI.

Budenz, Donald L; Barton, Keith; Feuer, William J; Schiffman, Joyce; Costa, Vital P.; Godfrey, David G.; Buys, Yvonne

2010-01-01

421

Minimally invasive spinal surgery using nucleoplasty: a 1-year follow-up study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background  Nucleoplasty is a minimally invasive percutaneous intradiscal coblation therapy option in patients with chronic discogenic\\u000a low back pain. The purpose of this prospective study was to assess the effectiveness of nucleoplasty in our patients up to\\u000a 1 year after treatment.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Method  All patients included in this study suffered from established back pain and\\/or radiating pain in the lower extremities. Age,\\u000a gender, weight,

Ferass Al-Zain; Johannes Lemcke; Tim Killeen; Ullrich Meier; Andreas Eisenschenk

2008-01-01

422

Pregnancies in an 18Year Follow-up after Biliopancreatic Diversion  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: 239 pregnancies occurred in 1136 women who had undergone biliopancreatic diversion (BPD). Methods: There were\\u000a 73 abortions, and 14 pregnancies are presently in their course. The 152 term pregnancies (six twins) occurred in 129 women\\u000a 2-173 months (mean 42.7) after BPD. Mean age and current excess weight were 31.4 years (20-42) and 29.1% (-6.9-78.2), and\\u000a mean excess weight loss

Daniele Friedman; Sonia Cuneo; Mario Valenzano; Giuseppe Maria Marinari; Gian Franco Adami; Ezio Gianetta; Enrico Traverso; Nicola Scopinaro

1995-01-01

423

Long-term safety of budesonide nasal aerosol: a 5.5-year follow-up study.  

PubMed

The effects of prolonged treatment with intranasally applied budesonide was studied in twenty-four patients with perennial allergic or non-allergic rhinitis. Patients on continuous treatment were followed up for 5.5 years. At entry and follow-up visits, rhinoscopic findings, nasal symptom scores, blood chemistry, haematology, urine analysis and determination of plasma cortisol levels, before and after stimulation with ACTH (Synacthen, Ciba-Geigy AG, Basel, Switzerland), were registered. Biopsies of the nasal mucosa were taken before entry into the study, after 1 year of treatment, and after varying time intervals ranging from 2.5 to 5.5 years during the treatment. The biopsy specimens were examined blindly by an independent pathologist. The analyses revealed no histopathological changes in the nasal mucosa. All nasal symptom parameters assessed by the patients were significantly reduced from the baseline during the entire follow-up period. No clinically significant changes in the haematological and blood chemistry parameters were observed. Plasma cortisol analyses before and after challenge with ACTH revealed no influence on the hypothalamic pituitary adrenal (HPA) axis. The present study suggests that intranasal budesonide in the dose of 200-400 micrograms/day is also a safe treatment for prolonged treatment of perennial rhinitis. PMID:3396194

Pipkorn, U; Pukander, J; Suonpää, J; Mäkinen, J; Lindqvist, N

1988-05-01

424

A 10 year follow-up study after Roux-Elmslie-Trillat treatment for cases of patellar instability  

PubMed Central

Background A retrospective study concerning patients presenting with patella instability, treated using a Roux-Elmslie-Trillat reconstruction operation and followed up for 10 years following surgery, is presented. Methods Pre-operative and follow-up radiographic evaluation included the weight-bearing anteroposterior and merchant views. Evaluation was carried out using the Insall-Salvati index, sulcus and congruence angle. The Roux-Elmslie-Trillat reconstruction operation was performed on 18 patients. The clinical evaluation at follow-up was performed using the Knee-Society-Score (KSS) and Tegner-Score. Results Subjective results of the operation were classed as excellent or good in 16 of the 18 patients ten years after surgery; persistent instability of the patella was recorded in only one of the 18 patients. The majority of patients returned to the same level of sporting activity after surgery as they had participated in before injury. Conclusions The Roux-Elmslie-Trillat procedure could be recommended in cases presenting with an increased q-angle, trochlea dysplasia or failed soft tissue surgery. In the present study the majority of patients report a return to previous sporting activity ten years after surgery.

2011-01-01

425

Determinants of ochratoxin A exposure--a one year follow-up study of urine levels.  

PubMed

Dietary exposure to the ochratoxin A (OTA) occurring in Portugal is characterized by a high frequency of contamination of the consumed foodstuffs, although at low levels. The exposure bears significance for the total food consumed, and not for a particular one. Biomonitoring studies are thus fundamental in simplifying the evaluation of exposure, with no need to examine the entire range of consumed foodstuffs. Biomonitoring studies further allow the identification of host factors as predictors of OTA exposure in epidemiologic studies, the results of which are merited for targeting intervention strategies by public health authorities and advising official regulatory decisions. Using a longitudinal approach, this study examined factors related to OTA exposure in the adult population over a one-year period. Anthropometric measures, season of the year and region were the selected factors correlated with OTA exposure biomarker. Urine samples from 95 inhabitants from six Portuguese main geographical areas were assayed through spectrofluorimetric detection. Exposure to OTA proved to markedly increase in winter, and gender differences were observed only in summer, which might be related to different dietary patterns not only between seasons, but also between genders. The same rationale may also serve the observed statistically significant differences between some regions. No other strong association upon the remaining determinants under testing was observed. These observations reinforce the need for OTA exposure evaluation, possibly specifically targeting the staple foods or dietary habits that sustain potential predictors or determinants of exposure. PMID:22237049

Duarte, S C; Alves, M R; Pena, A; Lino, C M

2012-01-09

426

14-year follow-up study of a patient with massive calcar resorption. A case report.  

PubMed

The authors present an in-depth clinical, radiographic, and pathologic analysis of a 62-year-old man with massive bone reabsorption around the proximal femur in a total hip arthroplasty (THA). The THA was revised 13 years after implantation. Thirty millimeters of calcar resorption was noted radiographically. Evidence of stem bending was present on examination of the femoral implant, and marked wear of the acetabular cup was noted. The pathologic evaluation of removed calcar bone and cement revealed a histiocytic mass invading the bone. Intracellular and extracellular polymethylene debris was noted within the invasive mass. Evidence of fragmented methylmethacrylate cement was also present. The bone-cement interface in the excised calcar region contained segments that showed active bone remodelling around the cement without an interposed membrane. It is possible that this case of calcar resorption began with histiocytic activation and recruitment by polyethylene wear debris followed by active bone lysis. The process may be perpetuated by the fragmentation of cement, as motion occurred at the calcar bone-cement interface, and may represent an extreme example of a process occurring in cases of calcar resorption in general. PMID:3780091

Johanson, N A; Callaghan, J J; Salvati, E A; Merkow, R L

1986-12-01

427

Coenzyme Q(10)-responsive ataxia: 2-year-treatment follow-up.  

PubMed

We assessed the clinical outcome after coenzyme Q(10) (CoQ(10)) therapy in 14 patients presenting ataxia classified into two groups according to CoQ(10) values in muscle (deficient or not). We performed an open-label prospective study: patients were evaluated clinically (international cooperative ataxia rating scale [ICARS] scale, MRI, and videotape registration) at baseline and every 6 months during a period of 2 years after CoQ(10) treatment (30 mg/kg/day). Patients with CoQ(10) deficiency showed a statistically significant reduction of ICARS scores (Wilcoxon test: P = 0.018) after 2 years of CoQ(10) treatment when compared with baseline conditions. In patients without CoQ(10) deficiency, no statistically significant differences were observed in total ICARS scores after therapy, although 1 patient from this group showed a remarkable clinical amelioration. Biochemical diagnosis of CoQ(10) deficiency was a useful tool for the selection of patients who are good candidates for treatment as all of them responded to therapy. However, the remarkable clinical response in 1 case without CoQ(10) deficiency highlights the importance of treatment trials for identification of patients with CoQ(10)-responsive ataxia. PMID:20629161

Pineda, Merce; Montero, Raquel; Aracil, Asuncion; O'Callaghan, Mar M; Mas, Ana; Espinos, Carmen; Martinez-Rubio, Dolores; Palau, Francesc; Navas, Placido; Briones, Paz; Artuch, Rafael

2010-07-15

428

Parental grief following the death of an infant--a follow-up over one year.  

PubMed

The course of parental bereavement during the first year following an infant's death was investigated. Also, the differences in mothers' and fathers' reactions, the differences according to the mothers' occupational role, and the similarities in couples' reactions were studied. From a total sample of 59 families, 13 families answered their questionnaires at all three time points (1, 6 and 13 months), 22 families responded at two time points, and 37 families responded at some point following the loss. Measures relating to anxiety, depression, bodily discomfort, general well being and impact of event were used at the three time points. The results showed that grief, as measured by the different inventories, decreased over time. The decrease was most evident from 6 to 13 months, and most prominent in women. A considerable number of the parents were still actively dealing with the loss all through the first year of bereavement. In most couples the mother reported most distress. Mothers were significantly more depressed than fathers at all time points, and mothers also had significantly higher anxiety and lower general health at 1 and 13 months, and intrusive scores of 1 and 6 months. Women at home evidenced more grief at all three time points than women employed outside the home. A high or low score in one spouse was more strongly correlated with a similar score in the other at 1 and 13 months, than at 6 months. The implications for counselling of parents, with special emphasis on the employment situation of the mother, is emphasized. PMID:1759138

Dyregrov, A; Matthiesen, S B

1991-01-01

429

[8.5 year-follow-up of combined heart-lung transplantation in a patient].  

PubMed

To summarize the case of combined heart-lung transplantation for a patient who survived for 8.5 years. On September 20, 2003, at Second Xiangya Hospital of Central South University, homologous heartlung transplantation was performed on a male patient who was diagnosed with cardiopulmonary failure secondary to congenital ventricular septal defect with severe pulmonary hypertension. Heart-lung allograft was preserved with 1500 mL modified St.Thomas solution and 3000 mL modified LPD solution. Postoperative immunosuppressive therapies included: methylprednisolone and human anti-lymphocyte globulin protein in the induction period; and combination of ciclosporin A, CellCept and prednisolone in the stable period. In 2007, the treatment was changed to CellCept mg, twice a day+FK506 4 mg, twice a day. The patient lived 8.5 years of normal life with cardiac function of NYHA I-II. Echocardiogram showed left ventricular ejection fraction of 61% to 74%. Heart-lung transplantation proved reliable therapy modality for terminal cardiopulmonary failure. Excellent donor organ preservation and proper perioperative treatment are key factors for long-term survival after heart-lung transplantation. PMID:23456080

Shang, Baopeng; Hu, Jianguo; Zhou, Xinmin; Zhang, Wei; Liao, Xiaobo; Li, Jianming

2013-02-01

430

An 18-year follow-up of patients admitted to methadone treatment for the first time.  

PubMed

An 18-year addiction career, 1985-2003, for 157 heroin dependent subjects (73% men; 49% human immunodeficiency virus seropositive) admitted for the first time to Stockholm's Methadone Maintenance Treatment program during 1989 to 1991 was analyzed with data from seven official registers and patient records. Regression analyses and incidence rates for various outcomes were calculated for subjects in first methadone maintenance treatment at the end of the observation period, discharged from first methadone maintenance treatment, in second methadone maintenance treatment, and discharged from second methadone maintenance treatment. Being human immunodeficiency virus positive (HR = 3.8), lodging (HR = 1.9) and prison sentence (HR = 1.7) predicted mortality for the 45% deceased. Approximately 70% of living subjects participated in methadone maintenance treatment at some period each year. Subjects in first or second methadone maintenance treatment had less criminality and had spent more time in methadone maintenance treatment (70% to 100%) than those discharged from first or from second methadone maintenance treatment (50%). Efforts and interventions should be intensified to increase time in treatment also for those with high problem severity. PMID:19197594

Davstad, Ingrid; Stenbacka, Marlene; Leifman, Anders; Romelsjö, Anders

2009-01-01

431

Changing Network Support for Drinking: Network Support Project Two-Year Follow-up  

PubMed Central

The Network Support Project was designed to determine if a treatment could lead patients to change their social network from one that supports drinking to one that supports sobriety. This study reports two-year posttreatment outcomes. Alcohol dependent men and women (N=210) were randomly assigned to one of three outpatient treatment conditions: Network Support (NS), Network Support + Contingency Management (NS+CM), or Case Management (CaseM, a control condition). Analysis of drinking rates indicated that the NS condition yielded up to 20% more days abstinent than the other conditions at two years posttreatment. NS treatment also resulted in greater increases at 15 months in social network support for abstinence, as well as AA attendance, and AA involvement, than did the other conditions. Latent growth modeling suggested that social network changes were accompanied by increases in self-efficacy and coping that were strongly predictive of long-term drinking outcomes. The findings indicate that a network support treatment can effect long-term adaptive changes in drinkers' social networks, and that these changes contribute to improved drinking outcomes in the long-term.

Kadden, Ronald M.; Kabela-Cormier, Elise; Petry, Nancy M.

2009-01-01

432

Six year follow up of lung function in men occupationally exposed to formaldehyde.  

PubMed Central

The long term effects of formaldehyde on the respiratory tract have been investigated in a group of 164 workers exposed daily to the chemical during the production of urea formaldehyde resin, together with 129 workers not exposed to free formaldehyde. Exposure was classified as high (corresponding to an eight hour time weighted exposure of more than 2.0 ppm), medium (0.6 to 2.0 ppm), or low (0.1 to 0.5 ppm). Twenty five per cent of workers had had high exposure at some time and 17% moderate exposure. Both the exposed and unexposed groups had an annual assessment that included lung function. The proportion with self reported respiratory symptoms was similar in the two groups, 12% and 16% reporting breathlessness on hurrying and 26% and 20% wheezing. The initial forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1) was within 0.5 l (approximately one standard deviation (SD)) of the predicted value (by age and height) in 65% of the exposed and 59% of unexposed workers and more than 0.5 l below the predicted value in 9% of exposed and 11% of unexposed workers. The mean decline in FEV1 was 42 ml a year (SD 45) in the exposed group and 41 ml a year in the unexposed group (SD 40 ml a year). The rate of decline showed the expected association with smoking in the unexposed group, but in the exposed group the mean rate of decline in the never smokers was similar to that in current smokers. There were, however, relatively few never smokers and considerable variation in the rates of decline. In the exposed group no association was found between the rate of decline and indices of exposure to formaldehyde. Thus there is no evidence from this study of an excess of respiratory symptoms or decline in lung function in the workers exposed to formaldehyde. The similar rate of decline of FEV1 however in never smokers and smokers of the exposed group is consistent with findings of other studies for workers exposed to formaldehyde and to toluene di-isocyanate.

Nunn, A J; Craigen, A A; Darbyshire, J H; Venables, K M; Newman Taylor, A J

1990-01-01

433

Recurrent epithelioid angiosarcoma of the scalp simulating melanoma. A 10-year follow-up.  

PubMed

We present a case of an intriguing mesenchymal neoplasm of the scalp that recurred several times over 10 years before a final diagnosis was possible. The case was sent for expert opinions to various international dermatopathological authorities and was, for a long time, unanimously interpreted as malignant melanoma. This diagnosis was supported by immunohistochemical examinations demonstrating S-100 positivity. Nevertheless, the clinical behaviour, as well as some histopathological features raised doubt regarding the diagnosis. Only after the last recurrence, followed by a repeat extensive immunohistochemical study, the diagnosis of epithelioid angiosarcoma was made. Histologically malignant melanoma can be highly misleading and in literature, reports of misinterpreted cases of melanoma are published. In contrast, tumours that can simulate melanoma are also not infrequent and it is essential to perform immunohistochemistry to confirm diagnosis and exclude a melanocytic lesion. PMID:16268881

Verdolini, R; Goteri, G; Criante, P; Giangiacomi, M; Cerio, R

2005-11-01

434

Dens invaginatus type II associated with an impacted mesiodens: a 3-year follow-up.  

PubMed

Dens invaginatus is a developmental anomaly resulting in a deepening or invagination of the enamel organ into the dental papilla prior to calcification of the dental tissues. The prevalence has been reported to vary from 0.04% to 10%. Dens invaginatus commonly affects lateral incisors and very rarely affects the mesiodens. This article presents a rare case of type II dens invaginatus affecting an impacted mesiodens in a 13-year-old boy and describes its gross and histological features. The associated tooth was dilated and showed invaginated enamel and dentin extending beyond the cement enamel junction. In this case, the clinical diagnosis was confirmed by histological evaluation of the internal morphology using a hard tissue microtome to section the tooth. PMID:23893282

Nalawade, Triveni M; Pateel, Deepak; Mallikarjuna, Rachappa; Gunjal, Shilpa

2013-07-26

435

The first successful lower extremity transplantation: 6-year follow-up and implications for cortical plasticity.  

PubMed

Vascularized composite allotransplantation as a viable reconstructive option is gaining recognition and new cases are being reported with increasing frequency including hand, face and laryngeal transplantation. However, only one successful complete lower limb transplantation has been reported to date, in which a functioning limb from one ischiopagus twin with a lethal cardiac anomaly was transplanted to the other. Six years later, the patient is mobilizing well and engaging in sporting activities with her peers in a mainstream school. Clinical evaluation of motor and sensory modalities demonstrated a good functional result. Quality of life was assessed using the short form-36 health survey and lower extremity functional scale disclosing a high level of social and physical capacity. Functional magnetic resonance imaging was performed and showed cortical integration of the limb; the implications of cortical plasticity and vascularized composite allotransplantation for the correction of congenital limb anomalies are presented. PMID:21991888

Fattah, A; Cypel, T; Donner, E J; Wang, F; Alman, B A; Zuker, R M

2011-10-12

436

Mineral trioxide aggregate as pulp capping agent for primary teeth pulpotomy: 2 year follow up study.  

PubMed

The aim of the present study was to clinically and radiographically evaluate Mineral Trioxide Aggregate (MTA) as an agent for pulpotomy in primary teeth and to compare it with that of formocresol (FC) pulpotomy. Nineteen children between the ages of 6 to 8 years with 40 carious primary molars were treated with pulpotomy using either FC or MTA. All the molars were evaluated clinically and radiographically at regular intervals over a twenty four month period. The observations were tabulated and statistically analyzed. Eighty five percent success was observed with FC pulpotomy whereas MTA showed 95% success. MTA showed a higher clinical and radiographic success rate than FC. MTA may be a favorable material for pulpotomy in primary teeth whose pulps have been compromised by a carious or mechanical pulp exposure. PMID:19725237

Subramaniam, Priya; Konde, Sapna; Mathew, Somy; Sugnani, Sony

2009-01-01

437

Long-term impact of sudden infant death: a 12- to 15-year follow-up.  

PubMed

To understand parents' subjective feelings, experiences, and understanding connected to the loss of a child over time, the authors chose semi-structured, in-depth interviews as the method of examination in a study of 26 parents who lost a child to sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) between 1981 and 1984. In addition, parents were asked to complete different inventories to compare their present responses (1996) with their responses to the same inventories in 1981-1984. Most parents still viewed the death of their child as affecting their daily life in important ways. Inventory data show that gender differences have diminished 12-15 years after the loss, and few parents are psychologically at risk in 1996. The study clearly shows the benefit of method triangulation in providing a total picture of the parent's experiences. PMID:10915455

Dyregrov, A; Dyregrov, K

438

Cytomegalovirus antibody levels, inflammation, and mortality among elderly Latinos over 9 years of follow-up.  

PubMed

This study examined the relation between immune response to cytomegalovirus (CMV) and all-cause and cardiovascular disease (CVD) mortality, and possible mediating mechanisms. Data were derived from the Sacramento Area Latino Study on Aging, a population-based study of older Latinos (aged 60-101 years) in California followed in 1998-2008. CMV immunoglobulin G (IgG), tumor necrosis factor, and interleukin-6 were assayed from baseline blood draws. Data on all-cause and CVD mortality were abstracted from death certificates. Analyses included 1,468 of 1,789 participants. For individuals with CMV IgG antibody titers in the highest quartile compared with lower quartiles, fully adjusted models showed that all-cause mortality was 1.43 times (95% confidence interval: 1.14, 1.79) higher over 9 years. In fully adjusted models, the hazard of CVD mortality was also elevated (hazard ratio = 1.35, 95% confidence interval: 1.01, 1.80). A composite measure of tumor necrosis factor and interleukin-6 mediated a substantial proportion of the association between CMV and all-cause (18.9%, P < 0.001) and CVD (29.0%, P = 0.02) mortality. This study is the first known to show that high CMV IgG antibody levels are significantly related to mortality and that the relation is largely mediated by interleukin-6 and tumor necrosis factor. Further studies investigating methods for reducing IgG antibody response to CMV are warranted. PMID:20660122

Roberts, Eric T; Haan, Mary N; Dowd, Jennifer Beam; Aiello, Allison E

2010-07-21

439

Follow-up of children with language delay and features of autism from preschool years to middle childhood.  

PubMed

Eighteen children (13 males, five females) who had severe developmental language delay/disorder and some features of autism (although insufficient in severity and combination to meet ICD-10 diagnostic criteria for childhood autism) at preschool age (Time 1; mean age 4 years 4 months) were followed up 4 years later (Time 2; mean age 8 years 7 months). At the initial assessment the diagnostic dilemma was how much the social communication impairments and behavioural problems were secondary to the language problem and how much they constituted a genuine case of a pervasive developmental disorder. It was anticipated that at follow-up some children would continue to show social impairments but that in others social impairments would have receded as language competence improved. Follow-up assessments included the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children, the Clinical Evaluation of Language Fundamentals, the Children's Communication Checklist, and the Social Communication Questionnaire. At follow-up, five children had continuing language disorder and were considered to fulfil diagnostic criteria for childhood autism, four children had continuing language disorder and met criteria for atypical autism, and nine met criteria for atypical autism but had somewhat recovered language skills. Thus, even in the subgroup of children whose language ability had improved the features of autism had not dissipated. Severity of social communication impairments and repetitive behaviours at Time 1, rated retrospectively from case notes, were associated with severity of autism symptoms and pragmatic competence at Time 2. The findings are discussed in relation to the unclear boundary between autism spectrum disorders and language delay/disorder. PMID:12455857

Michelotti, Janine; Charman, Tony; Slonims, Vicky; Baird, Gillian

2002-12-01

440

Risedronate increases bone mass in an early postmenopausal population: two years of treatment plus one year of follow-up.  

PubMed

This double-blind, placebo-controlled study was undertaken to determine 1) the efficacy of oral risedronate for prevention of bone loss in healthy, early postmenopausal patients with normal bone mass, 2) the effect on bone mass when treatment was stopped, and 3) the safety and tolerance of risedronate in this population. A group of 111 patients were randomized to oral placebo, risedronate 5 mg daily, or risedronate 5 mg cyclically, for 2 yr followed by 1 yr off treatment. Measurements included percentage change from baseline in lumbar spine bone mineral density (BMD) at 24 months; percentage change from baseline in BMD of the femoral neck, trochanteric region, and Ward's triangle region of the proximal femur; and changes in biochemical markers of bone turnover. After 2 yr, there was a mean increase in BMD of the lumbar spine of 1.4% from baseline and of 5.7% vs. placebo in the risedronate 5 mg daily group. There were decreases from baseline in BMD of 1.6% and 4.3% in the risedronate 5 mg cyclic and placebo groups, respectively. By the end of 24 months, trochanteric bone mass at the hip increased by 5.4% in the risedronate 5 mg daily group and by 3.3% in the risedronate 5 mg cyclic group vs. placebo. Bone mass was maintained at the femoral neck in the 2 active-treatment groups vs. a 2.4% mean loss with placebo. During the treatment-free follow-up, bone turnover increased toward baseline in both risedronate groups. By the end of that year, lumbar spine bone mass in all 3 groups was lower than at baseline. Oral risedronate was well tolerated. We conclude that risedronate (5 mg daily) increases bone mass and risedronate (5 mg cyclic) appears to prevent bone loss in early postmenopausal women with normal BMD. PMID:9467547

Mortensen, L; Charles, P; Bekker, P J; Digennaro, J; Johnston, C C

1998-02-01

441

Five-Year Follow-Up of Parapapillary Atrophy: The Beijing Eye Study  

PubMed Central

Purpose To assess longitudinal changes in parapapillary atrophy in the adult population of Greater Beijing. Methods The population-based Beijing Eye Study 2006 included 3251 subjects who had participated in the Beijing Eye Study 2001 and returned for re-examination. The mean age was 60.4±10.1 years. Using optic disc photographs, we measured parapapillary atrophy which was divided into alpha zone and beta zone. Results Overall progression rate of alpha zone was seen in 0.6±0.1% (95% confidence interval (CI):0.3,0.9) of the subjects and of beta zone in 8.2±0.5% (95%CI:7.2,9.1) of the subjects. In binary regression analysis, rate of progression of alpha zone was significantly associated higher age (P?=?0.04) and the co-progression of zone Beta (P<0.001). Rate of progression of beta zone was significantly associated with higher age (P<0.001; odds ratio (OR):1.11;95%CI:1.10,1.14), higher intraocular pressure (P<0.001;OR:1.10;95%CI:1.05,1.14), higher myopic refractive error (P<0.001;OR:0.71; 95%CI:0.67,0.75), rural region of habitation (P?=?0.002;OR: 0.58; 95%CI:0.41,0.82), presence of glaucomatous optic nerve damage (P<0.001;OR:2.89; 95%CI:1.62,5.14), co-progression of alpha zone (P<0.001;OR:7.13;95%CI:2.43,20.9), absence of arterial hypertension (P?=?0.03;OR: 0.70; 95%CI:0.51,0.96), and thicker central corneal thickness (P?=?0.02;OR:1.01;95%CI:1.00,1.01). Subjects with a non-glaucomatous optic nerve damage (n?=?22) as compared to the remaining subjects did not vary in the progression rate of alpha zone (0.0% versus 0.6±0.1%; P?=?1.0) and beta zone (8.2±0.5% versus 6.3±0.6%;P?=?1.0). Conclusions In adult Chinese in Greater Beijing, the 5-year progression rate of beta zone of parapapillary atrophy (seen in 8.2±0.5% of subjects) was significantly correlated with higher age, rural region of habitation, absence of arterial hypertension, higher intraocular pressure, higher myopic refractive error, thicker central corneal thickness, and presence of glaucoma. It was not associated with non-glaucomatous optic nerve damage.

Guo, Yin; Wang, Ya Xing; Xu, Liang; Jonas, Jost B.

2012-01-01

442

Body, coping and self-identity. A qualitative 5-year follow-up study of stroke.  

PubMed

Abstract Objective: The purpose of this article is to identify, from a long-term perspective, stroke survivors' self-identity, their views of any associated disabilities and how they manage their lives after stroke. Methods: The interviews and analyses were conducted using a phenomenological qualitative method. A total of 10 men and 5 women, aged 42-84, participated. All had suffered fir