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1

Cleft lip and palate surgery: 30 years follow-up  

PubMed Central

Ten cleft lip and palate patients with complete unilateral (five patients) and bilateral (five patients) clefts were treated by a multidisciplinary team integrated by psychologists, surgeons, orthodontists, prosthodontists, pediatric dentists, and speech pathologists, to obtain ideal soft tissue and hard tissue continuity, facial symmetry, functional and esthetic dentitions, excellent nasal architecture, subtle, and hidden lip scars. No hypernasality and adequate social adaptation were found in the 30 years follow-up (20-30 years follow-up with an average of 25.5 years). The patients were treated in a pro-active fashion avoiding complications and related problems, executing the ideal surgical, dental, and speech therapy plan, based on a close follow-up over the entire period. Those patients treated at the right time required less surgeries and less salvaging maneuvers and presented complete dentitions with less dental prosthesis or dental implants and stable occlusions, than those who missed the ideal dental and surgical treatment opportunities. The focus of this article is the need of a close long-term follow-up to ensure an ideal patient's quality of life. PMID:23483117

Guerrero, Cesar A.

2012-01-01

2

Undifferentiated Spondyloarthropathies: A 2Year Follow-up Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

:   The aim of the study was to analyse the 2-year follow-up of a series of patients with the diagnosis of undifferentiated spondyloarthropathy\\u000a (uSpA). A prospective study was carried out analysing 68 patients with symptomatic uSpA who fulfilled the European Spondylarthropathy\\u000a Study Group (ESSG) criteria for seronegative spondyloarthropathies (SpA) and were aged between 18 and 50 years. Inclusion\\u000a criteria included

P. D. Sampaio-Barros; M. B. Bertolo; M. H. S. Kraemer; J. F. Marques-Neto; A. M. Samara

2001-01-01

3

Asthma increase among farmers: a 12-year follow-up  

PubMed Central

Respiratory disease is a well known health hazard for farmers, but the long-term prognosis is less well known. This is a 12-year follow-up of an investigation of Swedish farmers, most of them dairy farmers. A questionnaire was mailed to all 418 farmers who were alive of the farmers originally participating in 1982. They were invited to an interview, spirometry, and blood sampling. Ninety-one per cent (380) of the farmers, 321 men and 59 women, responded to the questionnaire. The mean age was 56 years for the men and 55 years for the women. Of the group, 10% were smokers, 25% ex-smokers, and 65% had never smoked. The population estimate for asthma in the farmers was 8.9% in 1994 compared to 2% in 1982, and to 5.4%–6.6% in the general population in the region in 1982. Of the asthmatic subjects, one-third had positive RAST tests (radioallergosorbent tests). Almost 90% of the new onset asthma cases since 1982 had non-IgE-mediated asthma. Most of the IgE-mediated asthmatics had had symptoms for many years, while 70% of the non-IgE-mediated asthmatic farmers had no or only wheezing with colds 1982. Two new cases of hypersensitivity pneumonitis were identified, and 7.3% had experienced inhalation fever during the last 12 years. In general, individuals with asthma and chronic bronchitis who had left farming were in better health in 1994 as compared to 1982. In conclusion, farmers have an enhanced risk to develop asthma increasing with age. Asthma in farmers is often non-IgE-mediated. PMID:20812893

2011-01-01

4

Infantile Amnesia across the Years: A 2-Year Follow-Up of Children's Earliest Memories  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although infantile amnesia has been investigated for many years in adults, only recently has it been investigated in children. This study was a 2-year follow-up and extension of an earlier study. Children (4-13 years old) were asked initially and 2 years later for their earliest 3 memories. At follow-up, their age at the time of these memories…

Peterson, Carole; Warren, Kelly L.; Short, Megan M.

2011-01-01

5

A 33Year Follow-up of Narcotics Addicts  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: This study examined longitudinal pat- terns of heroin use, other substance use, health, mental health, employment, criminal involvement, and mortal- ity among heroin addicts. Methods: The sample was composed of 581 male heroin addicts admitted to the California Civil Addict Program (CAP) during the years 1962 through 1964; CAP was a compulsory drug treatment program for heroin- dependent criminal

Yih-Ing Hser; Valerie Hoffman; Christine E. Grella; M. Douglas Anglin

2001-01-01

6

Callosal Tissue Loss in Multiple System Atrophy--A One-Year Follow-Up Study  

E-print Network

Callosal Tissue Loss in Multiple System Atrophy-- A One-Year Follow-Up Study Martina Minnerop, MD,1- sons of tissue-loss profiles (i.e., baseline versus follow-up) between patients and controls, revealed. Comparisons between baseline and follow-up, separately performed in patients and controls, revealed additional

Thompson, Paul

7

Five-year follow-up of a cordotomy  

PubMed Central

Percutaneous cervical cordotomy is an invasive procedure to treat severe, opioid-resistant cancer pain. It is usually proposed for patients with a limited life expectancy. As a consequence, objective quantification of the long-term effects of this procedure is lacking. The present report describes a patient who was treated with a right-sided percutaneous cervical cordotomy for refractory cancer pain. Afterward, disseminated seminoma was diagnosed, which was cured with chemotherapy. Five years after the procedure, a qualitative and quantitative evaluation of the long-term effects was performed. Sensory dysfunction was observed in the left side of the body, but no motor neuron or autonomic dysfunction was observed. The influence of these long-term effects on the patient’s daily activities was limited. PMID:19225608

Meeuse, Jan J; Vervest, Arnoud CM; van der Hoeven, Johannes H; Reyners, An KL

2008-01-01

8

Two-Year Follow-Up of Bibliotherapy and Individual Cognitive Therapy for Depressed Older Adults  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the stability of treatment gains after receiving either cognitive bibliotherapy or individual cognitive psychotherapy for depression in older adults. A 2-year follow-up of 23 participants from Floyd, Scogin, McKendree-Smith, Floyd, and Rokke (2004) was conducted by comparing pre- and posttreatment scores with follow-up scores…

Floyd, Mark; Rohen, Noelle; Shackelford, Jodie A. M.; Hubbard, Karen L.; Parnell, Marsha B.; Scogin, Forrest; Coates, Adriana

2006-01-01

9

Cancer mortality in the asphalt industry: a ten year follow up of an occupational cohort  

Microsoft Academic Search

A historical cohort study was conducted to study the possible risk of cancer associated with exposure to asphalt. Altogether 1320 unskilled workers employed in the asphalt industry were followed up over a ten year period and compared with 43,024 unskilled men in terms of cause specific mortality. Both groups were identified from census records and followed up by an automatic

E S Hansen

1989-01-01

10

Myopia and Myopic Progression Among Schoolchildren: A Three-Year Follow-Up Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose. To discuss the factors that might explain the rate of myopic progression and the degree of myopia after a 3-year follow-up among schoolchildren with myopia. Methods. Myopic progression among 238 schoolchildren was followed up in a randomized clinical trial of myopia treatment. The associations between the explanatory factors and myo- pic progression and the final value of the spherical

Olavi Pcirssinen; Anna-Liisa Lyyraf

1993-01-01

11

Clinical experience of marketed Levetiracetam in an epilepsy clinic—a one year follow up study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Levetiracetam is a new anti-convulsant with impressive pivotal trial credentials. We examined its effectiveness in refractory clinic patients with epilepsy with a year’s follow up. Six months after initiation 32% of the patients were seizure free, and 26% at one year.By the end of the 12 months follow up 77% of patients were still taking the drug, having gained benefit

TIM BETTS; HELEN YARROW; LYN GREENHILL; MARY BARRETT

2003-01-01

12

A long-term follow-up of 60 Lord total hip arthroplasties in rheumatic disease: a mean follow-up of 14 years  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of the study was to analyse the survivorship of 60 total hip arthroplasties using the cementless Lord prosthesis in 51 patients with inflammatory joint disease. Patients were operated on between the years 1985 and 1988. The mean follow-up time was 13.8 (4.0–18.6) years. During the follow-up, one deep infection was encountered, and seven patients died of causes unrelated to

C. C. Lybäck; C. O. Lybäck; A. Kyrö; H. J. Kautiainen; E. A. Belt

2006-01-01

13

PRACTICAL STEPS IN EXISTENTIAL PSYCHOTHERAPY AND ONE YEAR FOLLOW-UP OF A CASE  

PubMed Central

SUMMARY Psychotheraphy based on principles of Existential Philosophy has been described step-by-step. Its suitability in Indian patients has been discussed along with its effects in a case after one year follow-up. PMID:21927465

Rao, K.N.

1990-01-01

14

Two-Year Follow-Up Results of Copper Bromide Laser Treatment of Striae  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: The aim of our study was to follow-up 15 patients with stretch marks treated positively with the CuBr laser (577-511 nm) in 1998-99 and followed-up for 2 years. Materials and Methods: The patients were Italian women, young to middle age (average 30 years old), with skin coloration classified as Fitzpatrick II-III. Biopsies were taken on some patients before the

L. Longo; M. G. Postiglione; O. Marangoni; M. Melato

2003-01-01

15

A cognitive-behavioral approach to substance abuse prevention: One-year follow-up  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study presents one-year follow-up data from an evaluation study testing the effectiveness of a cognitive-behavioral substance abuse prevention approach which emphasizes the teaching of social resistance skills within the larger context of an intervention designed to enhance general social and personal competence. The follow-up study involved 998 eighth graders from 10 suburban New York junior high schools. Two schools

GILBERT J. BOTVIN; ELI BAKER; ANNE D. FILAZZOLA; ELIZABETH M. BOTVIN

1990-01-01

16

Morbidity from Acute Carbon Monoxide Poisoning at Three-year Follow-up  

Microsoft Academic Search

Seventy-four survivors of acute carbon monoxide poisoning were followed up for an average of three years. In eight patients gross neuropsychiatric damage was directly attributable to the poisoning. Three patients had committed suicide and eight had died from other causes. Morbidity and mortality in those deliberately and accidentally poisoned was approximately equal.Of 63 patients alive at follow-up eight showed an

J. Sidney Smith; S. Brandon

1973-01-01

17

Scorpio single radius total knee arthroplasty. A minimal five-year follow-up multicentric study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose  Our goal was to evaluate the five-year follow-up results of the Scorpio single radius total knee arthroplasty.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Method  We performed a retrospective study based upon a multicentre database to evaluate the minimum five-year follow-up clinical\\u000a and radiological results of 747 patients (831 knees) who underwent primary Scorpio single radius total knee arthroplasty.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Results  The mean age of the patients was 71.9 years. At

Frédéric Borrione; Paul Bonnevialle; Christian Mabit; Olivier Guingand; Denis Bertin; François Bonnomet; Christophe Denis; Gilles Gagna

18

One-year follow-up results of the STARS for Families alcohol prevention program  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined the 1-year follow-up effects of the STARS (Start Taking Alcohol Risks Seriously) for Families program, a 2-year preventive intervention based on a stage of acquisition model, and consisting of nurse con- sultations and parent materials. A randomized controlled trial was conducted, with participants receiving either the intervention or a minimal intervention control. Participants included a cohort of

C. E. Werch; D. M. Owen; J. M. Carlson; C. C. DiClemente; P. Edgemon; M. Moore

2003-01-01

19

New Neuromuscular Symptoms in Patients with Old Poliomyelitis: A Three-Year Follow-Up Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Fourteen survivors of paralytic poliomyelitis experienced new symptoms after years of stability. Seven patients had lost functional capacity, with joint pain, instability and recurrent falls, but were again stable and remained essentially unchanged during a 3-year follow-up period. Seven others had late postpoliomyelitis muscular atrophy (PPMA) with new weakness, wasting, fasciculations and myalgia in muscles originally spared or seemingly recovered.

Marinos C. Dalakas

1986-01-01

20

Four-Year Follow-Up of the Community Intervention "10 000 Steps Ghent"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to examine the 4-year follow-up effects of the "10 000 steps Ghent" project, which had shown increases in pedometer steps after the first year of implementation (2005-06). All adults who had participated in 2005-06 (n = 866) were recontacted in 2009 and invited to complete the International Physical Activity…

De Cocker, Katrien A.; De Bourdeaudhuij, Ilse M.; Brown, Wendy J.; Cardon, Greet M.

2011-01-01

21

Predictors of ADHD Persistence in Girls at 5-Year Follow-Up  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: The main aim of this study was to examine the age-dependent remission from ADHD in girls transitioning through childhood into adolescence and early adulthood. Method: We conducted a 5-year prospective follow-up study of 123 girls with ADHD and 106 non-ADHD control girls aged between 6 and 17 years at ascertainment. ADHD was considered…

Mick, Eric; Byrne, Deirdre; Fried, Ronna; Monuteaux, Michael; Faraone, Stephen V.; Biederman, Joseph

2011-01-01

22

What Happens in a 5-Year Follow-Up of Benign Thyroid Nodules  

PubMed Central

To determine an optimal time for follow-up of benign thyroid nodules, we retrospectively evaluated 249 euthyroid patients with uni-multinodular goiter, who underwent annual visit, and significant events that occurred in 5 years' time were registered. A significant event (appearance of new nodule, increase of nodule diameter >50%, appearance of compressive symptoms, thyroidectomy, repetition of FNA on the same nodule, and execution of FNA on new nodule) occurred in 26.1% of patients, with more than one event occurring in the same patient in 27.7% of cases. The majority of events (71.9%) were observed at 24- and 36-month follow-up visit. These results suggest that a patient diagnosed with benign nodular goiter may be safely followed-up at a 2-3-year interval time. PMID:25538855

2014-01-01

23

Six-Year Experience of a Nurse-Led Colorectal Cancer Follow-Up Clinic  

PubMed Central

Aims and Objectives. To review the experience of a nurse-led colorectal cancer follow-up clinic in a tertiary referral colorectal cancer centre. Methodology. Data from the nurse-led colorectal cancer follow-up clinic in our unit was prospectively maintained in a colorectal cancer database. Data was analysed from January 1, 2006 until the December 31, 2011. Results. 1125 patients were diagnosed with colorectal cancer, and referred to our unit as a tertiary centre for specialised colorectal cancer. Nine hundred and four patients had surgical resection of their colorectal cancer. Four hundred and seven patients were referred to the nurse-led colorectal cancer clinic for surveillance. The mean age of the patient cohort was 67 years (range 32–88) and 56% of patients were male. One hundred and seventeen patients were discharged to their general practitioner having been disease free after 5 years of followup. Fifty-four patients were diagnosed with either local or distant recurrence. Conclusion. A nurse-led colorectal cancer follow-up clinic is running according to strict follow-up protocols. This type of clinic significantly reduces the number of routine follow-up patients that have to be seen by the colorectal surgical consultant. PMID:25374950

Al Chalabi, Hasan; O'Riordan, James M.; Richardson, Alex; Flannery, Delia; O'Connor, Katrina; Stuart, Charlotte; Larkin, John; McCormick, Paul; Mehigan, Brian

2014-01-01

24

Midterm results with primary uncemented total hip replacement: a 7- to 11-year follow-up  

Microsoft Academic Search

We reviewed 102 uncemented total hip replacements (THRs) in 90 patients with a mean age of 66 years (range, 33–87 years)\\u000a and with an average postoperative follow-up period of 8.5 years (range, 7–11 years). The patients were prospectively observed\\u000a clinically using the Harris hip score (HHS). The excellent and good results totaled over 90%. We had two serious complications\\u000a treated

George Petrou; Anastasios Kouzoupis; Michael Gavras; Harris Petrou

2000-01-01

25

Transvaginal cystocele repair using a tension-free polypropylene mesh: more than 5 years of follow-up  

Microsoft Academic Search

ObjectivesProspective randomized controlled trials, with 2 yearsfollow-up, seem to lean in favour of anterior repair using synthetic mesh. The goal of this study was to report on long-term (>5 years) follow-up.

Vincent Letouzey; Xavier Deffieux; Amélie Gervaise; Grégoire Mercier; Hervé Fernandez; Renaud de Tayrac

2010-01-01

26

Orthodontic traction in a patient with cleidocranial dysplasia: 3 years of follow-up.  

PubMed

This case report describes the treatment and long-term follow-up care of a patient diagnosed with cleidocranial dysplasia who had multiple impacted permanent and supernumerary teeth. The aim of the treatment was to provide an adequate esthetic and functional reconstruction of the occlusion with good periodontal care. The patient was treated with a multidisciplinary therapeutic protocol including orthodontic and surgical procedures, and traction of 11 permanent teeth. The proposed objectives of good occlusion, normal function, healthy periodontium, and balanced profile were achieved, and the 3-year follow-up records showed stable results. PMID:24975005

Rocha, Roberto; Zasso, Manuela Batistella; Floriano, Gilberto; Derech, Carla; Ribeiro, Gerson Ulema; Locks, Arno; Ritter, Daltro

2014-07-01

27

The Treatment of Parasomnias with Hypnosis: a 5-Year Follow-Up Study  

PubMed Central

Study Objectives: This study involves a replication and extension of a previous one reported by Hurwitz et al (1991) on the treatment of certain parasomnias with hypnosis. Methods: Thirty-six patients (17 females), mean age 32.7 years (range 6–71). Four were children aged 6 to 16. All had chronic, “functionally autonomous” (self-sustaining) parasomnias. All underwent 1 or 2 hypnotherapy sessions and were then followed by questionnaire for 5 years. Results: Of the 36 patients, 45.4% were symptom-free or at least much improved at the 1-month follow-up, 42.2% at the 18-month follow-up, and 40.5% at the 5-year follow-up. Conclusions: One or 2 sessions of hypnotherapy might be an efficient first-line therapy for patients with certain types of parasomnias. Citation: Hauri PJ; Silber MH; Boeve BF. The treatment of parasomnias with hypnosis: a 5-year follow-up study. J Clin Sleep Med 2007;3(4):369-373. PMID:17694725

Hauri, Peter J.; Silber, Michael H.; Boeve, Bradley F.

2007-01-01

28

Personnel Needs in School Psychology: A 10-Year Follow-Up Study on Predicted Personnel Shortages  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Concerns regarding whether a sufficient supply of school psychologists exists have been evident for decades. Studies have predicted that school psychology would face a critical personnel shortage that would peak in 2010, but continue into the foreseeable future. The current study is a 10-year follow-up investigation based on previously published…

Castillo, Jose M.; Curtis, Michael J.; Tan, Sim Yin

2014-01-01

29

Loneliness, Social Networks, and Mortality: 18 Years of Follow-up  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We examined the influence of changes in loneliness and social support networks upon mortality during 18 years of follow-up among an elderly cohort and determined the gender-specific nature of this relationship. The study is based on data collected from the Jerusalem Longitudinal Study (1990-2008), which has followed a representative sample of 605…

Iecovich, Esther; Jacobs, Jeremy M.; Stessman, Jochanan

2011-01-01

30

Treatment Outcome in Eating Disorders: A One-Year Follow-Up.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The effectiveness of an outpatient eating disorders treatment program was evaluated for 50 women over a 1-year follow-up period. Unlike many eating disorders programs now in place, this data was collected at a time when this program had relatively few exclusion criteria for potential participants; anyone with an eating disorder not requiring…

Espelage, Dorothy L.; Quittner, Alexandra L.; McKenna, Molly C.; Sherman, Roberta; Thompson, Ron

31

A 40Year Follow-up of Patients With Obsessive-compulsive Disorder  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: The long-term course of obsessive- compulsive disorder is insufficiently known. We stud- ied the course of this disorder in patients who were followed up for 40 years. Methods: Patients admitted with a diagnosis of obsessive- compulsive disorder to the Department of Psychiatry, Sahl- grenska University Hospital, Goteborg, Sweden, between 1947 and 1953 were examined by an experienced psy- chiatrist

Gunnar Skoog; Ingmar Skoog

1999-01-01

32

Social Effectiveness Therapy for Children: Three-Year Follow-Up  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study reports the results of a 3-year follow-up assessment of children and adolescents diagnosed with social anxiety disorder (social phobia) and treated with Social Effectiveness Therapy for Children (SET-C), a comprehensive behavioral treatment program combining social skills training, peer generalization, and individualized exposure. Among…

Beidel, Deborah C.; Turner, Samuel M.; Young, Brennan; Paulson, Autumn

2005-01-01

33

Ten Years Later: A Follow-Up Study of Professors Still Working after Age 70  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Little is known about the impact of the end of mandatory retirement on professors over the long term. This follow-up study investigated the ten-year experience of professors who chose not to retire from a major research university after the elimination of the age 70 mandatory retirement in 1994. The initial interview study was conducted in 1998…

Dorfman, Lorraine T.

2009-01-01

34

The Sexual Adjustment of Coronary Bypass Surgery Patients: A 4-Year Follow-Up.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Measured the sexual adjustment of 14 individuals before coronary bypass surgery and both four months and four years afterwards. Results showed that sexual adjustment worsened with the onset of symptomatic coronary artery disease and did not improve at either follow-up interval. (LLL)

Thurer, Shari; Thurer, Robert L.

1983-01-01

35

Fifteen-Year Follow-Up of Thyroid Status in Adults with Down Syndrome  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: The natural history of thyroid function in adults with Down syndrome is relatively unknown with limited long-term follow-up data. Method: This study investigated annual thyroid function tests in 200 adults with Down syndrome over a 15-year period. Results: For healthy adults with Down syndrome there is a gradual increase in thyroxine…

Prasher, V.; Ninan, S.; Haque, S.

2011-01-01

36

Teaching Adolescents about Alcohol and Driving: A Two Year Follow-Up.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Data have demonstrated effectiveness of Teams-Games-Tournaments (TGT) alcohol education program. Examined two-year follow-up effects of TGT by comparing high school students who participated in TGT program to traditional and no instruction control groups. Results revealed that TGT students maintained previous positive changes whereas traditional…

Wodarski, John S.

1987-01-01

37

Nursing Education Follow-Up Study--1974 R.Ns. a Year After Graduation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A group of 41 registered nursing graduates of the 1974 class at Bakersfield College was surveyed in the summer of 1974 as part of a nursing education follow-up study. In the summer of 1975, the same group was surveyed again in order to compare the perceptions and aspirations reported by the graduates one year after graduation with those reported…

Scott, David C.

38

Corticosteroid monotherapy in a case of bronchocentric granulomatosis with a two-year follow-up.  

PubMed

Bronchocentric granulomatosis (BCG) is a rare disease. Because of the possibility of fungal infection, BCG has usually been treated with corticosteroids and antifungal agent. However, fungi are not detected in all BCG tissues. We report a case of proven BCG by open lung biopsy without fungi in a woman with corticosteroids monotherapy and two-year follow-up. PMID:24255794

Li, Huiling; He, Jianxing; Gu, Yingying; Zhong, Nanshan

2013-10-01

39

Four-year follow-up of oral health surveillance in renal transplant children  

Microsoft Academic Search

To outline the specific oral surveillance needs of renal transplant children, we report the 4-year follow-up data of 106 children examined routinely on a 6-month basis and upon request from the medical team or the parents in the interval. Data were recorded for hard and soft dental tissues, including enamel defects carious lesions, gingival status, orthodontic treatment needs, and wisdom

Pierre Farge; Bruno Ranchin; Pierre Cochat

2006-01-01

40

One Year Later: A Follow-Up of the Harford Community College 1982 Graduates.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In spring 1983, a follow-up study was conducted of students who received a certificate or associate degree (AA) from Harford Community College (HCC) during the 1981-82 academic year. Surveys were mailed to 491 graduates requesting information on their goals and goal achievement, transfer and employment experiences, and satisfaction with HCC. A…

Quinley, John W.; And Others

41

Emotionally Focused Interventions for Couples with Chronically Ill Children: A 2-Year Follow-Up  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Couples with chronically ill children are particularly at risk for experiencing marital distress. The study presented here is a 2-year follow-up of a randomized control trial that assessed the efficacy of Emotionally Focused Therapy (EFT) in decreasing marital distress in a sample of couples with a chronically ill child. Thirteen couples with…

Cloutier, Paula F.; Manion, Ian G.; Walker, Jan Gordon; Johnson, Susan M.

2002-01-01

42

Risk of recurrence of occupational back pain over three year follow up  

Microsoft Academic Search

A random sample including 2342 cases representative of all occupational back injuries in Quebec (1981) was followed up prospectively over three years to assess the recurrence rate of back problems (lumbar, thoracic, and cervical). Each medical and accident report was reviewed to obtain the site of symptoms and occupation. Age, sex, industrial sector, and number of episodes of absence from

L Abenhaim; S Suissa; M Rossignol

1988-01-01

43

Reactive attachment disorder in maltreated twins follow-up: from 18 months to 8 years.  

PubMed

The best means for the diagnosis and treatment of reactive attachment disorder of infancy and early childhood have not been established. Though some longitudinal data on institutionalized children is available, reports of maltreated young children who are followed over time and assessed with measures of attachment are lacking. This paper presents the clinical course of a set of maltreated fraternal twins who were assessed and treated from 19 months to 30 months of age and then seen in follow-up at 3 and 8 years of age. A summary of the early assessment and course is provided and findings from follow-up assessments of the cognitive, behavioral, and interpersonal functioning of each child is analysed. Follow-up measures, chosen to capture social-cognitive processing of these children from an attachment perspective, are highlighted. Finally, findings from the case are discussed from nosological and theoretical perspectives. PMID:16581624

Heller, Sherryl Scott; Boris, Neil W; Fuselier, Sarah-Hinshaw; Page, Timothy; Koren-Karie, Nina; Miron, Devi

2006-03-01

44

Polycystic ovarian morphology and bulimia nervosa: a 9-year follow-up study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: To examine long-term changes in polycystic ovarian morphology in women with polycystic ovaries and bulimia nervosa after treatment of the latter condition.Design: Longitudinal follow-up study.Setting: Eating disorder unit of a university hospital.Patient(s): Eight women originally treated for bulimia nervosa (T0) who underwent ultrasonography up to 2 years after treatment (T1) and had a second ultrasonographic scan 9 years later

John F Morgan; Sara E McCluskey; Joan N Brunton; J Hubert Lacey

2002-01-01

45

Giant Cell Tumor of the Talus: 19-Year Follow-up of a Patient.  

PubMed

Giant cell tumor in small bones is a rare condition characterized by extensive bony destruction and a high recurrence rate. Intralesional excision with curettage and autologous bone grafting has been used as a standard treatment method for giant cell tumor of the bones. We report the case of a 30-year-old female with giant cell tumor of the talar body. She was followed up for 19 years after intralesional curettage and autologous bone grafting treatment. PMID:24880863

Song, Kwang-Soon; Park, Chul Hyun

2014-05-28

46

Cerebrovascular Events After Stentless Aortic Valve Replacement During a 9Year Follow-Up Period  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background. One major advantage of biologic aortic valve prostheses is their low thrombogenicity compared with mechanical prostheses. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the incidence of cerebrovascular events during long-term follow-up after stentless aortic valve replacement. Methods. Between 1996 and 2005, 1,014 patients (mean age, 73 years; range, 20 to 90 years) received stentless aortic valve replacement (Freestyle;

Helmut Gulbins; Ines Florath; Juergen Ennker

47

Crack Cocaine: A Five-Year Follow-Up Study of Treated Patients  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objectives: To follow-up a group of 131 crack cocaine users and examine drug use, treatment experience, employment status, involvement in crime and mortality at 2 and 5 years. Methods: Consecutive crack-dependent patients who were admitted to a detoxification unit in São Paulo between 1992 and 1994 were re-interviewed on two occasions: 1995–1996 and 1998–1999. Results: 5 years after treatment information

M. Ribeiro; J. Dunn; R. Sesso; M. S. Lima; R. Laranjeira

2007-01-01

48

Development of hypertension and uraemia after pyelonephritis in childhood: 27 year follow up  

Microsoft Academic Search

OBJECTIVE--Determination of the long term incidence of uraemia, hypertension, and toxaemia in pregnancy associated with non-obstructive focal renal scarring after pyelonephritis in childhood 25-35 years earlier. DESIGN--27 Year follow up of patients with non-obstructive focal scarring identified from a retrospective review of intravenous urograms performed in childhood between 1951 and 1967. SETTING--Paediatric primary referral centre and urological clinic in tertiary

S. H. Jacobson; O. Eklöf; C. G. Eriksson; L. E. Lins; B. Tidgren; J. Winberg

1989-01-01

49

Minimum 5-year follow-up of a cementless, modular, tapered stem in hip revision arthroplasty.  

PubMed

Hip revision surgery with a cementless tapered femoral component can provide axial and rotational stability in patients with compromised proximal bone stock. This study includes 90 cases revised with the Link MP (Waldemar Link, Hamburg, Germany) prosthesis. The median age at surgery was 72 (38-89) years. Aseptic loosening (70%) and periprosthetic fracture (22%) were common indications for surgery. Sixty-three patients (70%) were followed clinically with a median of 6 (5-11) years of follow-up. All other patients were followed through the Swedish Hip Register. The 5-year survival rate was 98% with stem removal and 90% with any reoperation as the end point. Complications included hip dislocation in 17 (19%) patients. The median Harris hip score was 78 (16-100) points, and the median radiographic stem migration was 2.7 mm at follow-up. PMID:20149579

Weiss, Rüdiger J; Beckman, Mats O; Enocson, Anders; Schmalholz, Anders; Stark, André

2011-01-01

50

Ergonomic stressors and upper extremity musculoskeletal disorders in automobile manufacturing: a one year follow up study  

PubMed Central

Aims: To estimate the one year cumulative incidence and persistence of upper extremity (UE) soft tissue disorders, in a fixed cohort of automotive manufacturing workers, and to quantify their associations with ergonomic exposures. Methods: At baseline and at follow up, cases of UE musculoskeletal disorders were determined by interviewer administered questionnaire and standardised physical examination of the upper extremities. The interview obtained new data on psychosocial strain and updated the medical and work histories. An index of exposure to ergonomic stressors, obtained at baseline interview, was the primary independent variable. Cumulative incidence and persistence of UE disorders (defined both by symptoms and by physical examination plus symptoms) were analysed in relation to baseline ergonomic exposures, adjusting for other covariates. The incidence of new disorders was modelled using multivariate proportional hazards regression among workers who were not cases in the first year and the prevalence on both occasions was modelled by repeated measures analysis. Results: A total of 820 workers (69% of eligible cohort members) was examined. Follow up varied slightly by department group but not by baseline exposure level or other characteristics. Among the non-cases at baseline, the cumulative incidence of UE disorders was 14% by symptoms and 12% by symptoms plus examination findings. These rates increased with index of physical exposures primarily among subjects who had the same jobs at follow up as at baseline. Increased exposure during follow up increased risk of incidence. The persistence of UE disorders from baseline to follow up examination was nearly 60% and somewhat associated with baseline exposure score. Conclusions: These longitudinal results confirm the previous cross sectional associations of UE musculoskeletal disorders with exposure to combined ergonomic stressors. The exposure-response relation was similar for incident cases defined by symptoms alone and those confirmed by physical examination. PMID:15258272

Punnett, L; Gold, J; Katz, J; Gore, R; Wegman, D

2004-01-01

51

Motility Disturbances in the Tube Versus Trabeculectomy Study During the First Year of Follow-up  

PubMed Central

PURPOSE To describe the preoperative and postoperative motility disturbances encountered in the Tube Versus Trabeculectomy (TVT) Study during the first year of follow-up. DESIGN Multicenter randomized clinical trial. METHODS SETTINGS: Seventeen clinical centers. POPULATION: Patients 18 to 85 years old who had previous trabeculectomy and/or cataract surgery and uncontrolled glaucoma with intraocular pressure ?18 mm Hg and ?40 mm Hg on maximum tolerated medical therapy. INTERVENTIONS: 350-mm2 Baerveldt glaucoma implant or trabeculectomy with mitomycin C (MMC). MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Preoperative and postoperative evaluation of ocular motility and diplopia. RESULTS Motility disturbances were detected in 55 patients (28%) at baseline. New-onset persistent diplopia was reported in 5 patients (5%) in the tube group and no patients in the trabeculectomy group at 1 year (P = .06). A new postoperative motility disturbance developed or worsened in 7 patients (9.9%) in the tube group and no patients in the trabeculectomy group during the first year of follow-up (P = .005). Postoperative motility disturbances were also associated with increasing age (P < .001) and right eye surgery (P = .044). CONCLUSIONS Preoperative motility disturbances were common among patients in the TVT Study. New postoperative motility disturbances were more frequent following tube shunt surgery than trabeculectomy with MMC after 1 year of follow-up. PMID:19038375

Rauscher, Frederick M.; Gedde, Steven J.; Schiffman, Joyce C.; Feuer, William J.; Barton, Keith; Lee, Richard K.

2014-01-01

52

Selective mutism: follow-up study 1 year after end of treatment.  

PubMed

Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) is generally considered the recommended approach for selective mutism (SM). Prospective follow-up studies of treated SM and predictors of outcome are scarce. We have developed a CBT home and school-based intervention for children with SM previously found to increase speech in a pilot efficacy study and in a randomized controlled treatment study. In the present report we provide outcome data 1 year after having completed the 6-month course of CBT for 24 children with SM, aged 3-9 years (mean age 6.5 years, 16 girls). Primary outcome measures were the teacher rated School Speech Questionnaire (SSQ) and diagnostic status. At follow-up, no significant decline was found on the SSQ scores. Age and severity of SM had a significant effect upon outcome, as measured by the SSQ. Eight children still fulfilled diagnostic criteria for SM, four were in remission, and 12 children were without diagnosis. Younger children improved more, as 78 % of the children aged 3-5 years did not have SM, compared with 33 % of children aged 6-9 years. Treatment gain was upheld at follow-up. Greater improvement in the younger children highlights the importance of an early intervention. PMID:25267381

Oerbeck, Beate; Stein, Murray B; Pripp, Are H; Kristensen, Hanne

2014-09-30

53

Axonal damage accumulates in the progressive phase of multiple sclerosis: three year follow up study  

PubMed Central

Background: Neurofilament phosphoforms (Nf) are principal components of the axoskeleton released during axonal injury. Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) levels of Nf phosphoforms might be useful surrogate markers for disability in multiple sclerosis (MS), aid in distinguishing clinical subtypes, and provide valuable prognostic information. Method: Thirty four patients with MS were included in a three year follow up study along with 318 controls with other non-inflammatory neurological diseases. CSF levels of two Nf heavy chain (NfH) phosphoforms (NfHSMI35, NfHSMI34) were quantified at baseline and three year follow up using new ELISA techniques. Levels of NfH phosphoforms, the degree of phosphorylation (NfHSMI34:NfHSMI35 ratio), and changes in NfH levels between baseline and follow up (?NfH) were related to the clinical phenotype (RR or SP/PP), to three clinical scales (Kurtzke's EDSS, ambulation index (AI), and nine hole peg test (9HPT)), and to progression of disability. Results: A significantly higher proportion (59%) of patients with SP/PPMS experienced an increase in NfHSMI35 levels between baseline and follow up compared with those with RRMS (14%, p<0.05). CSF NfHSMI34 levels at baseline were higher in patients with SP/PP (11 pg/ml) compared with RR (7 pg/ml, p<0.05) and NfHSMI35 levels were higher at follow up in SP/PP (129 pg/ml) compared with levels below assay sensitivity in RR (p<0.05). NfHSMI35 correlated with the EDSS (rs = 0.54, p<0.01), the AI (rs = 0.42, p<0.05), and the 9HPT (rs = 0.59, p<0.01) at follow up. Conclusion: The increase in NfH during the progressive phase of the disease together with the correlation of NfHSMI35 with all clinical scales at follow up suggests that cumulative axonal loss is responsible for sustained disability and that high NfHSMI35 levels are a poor prognostic sign. PMID:15654034

Petzold, A; Eikelenboom, M; Keir, G; Grant, D; Lazeron, R; Polman, C; Uitdehaag, B; Thompson, E; Giovannoni, G

2005-01-01

54

Low-dose acitretin in Papillon-Lefèvre syndrome: treatment and 1-year follow-up.  

PubMed

The Papillon-Lefèvre syndrome (PLS) is a rare, autosomal recessive disease that manifests with palmoplantar keratoderma and destructive periodontitis resulting in early onset periodontal breakdown in deciduous and permanent dentition. Management of this condition is difficult. Here we report one 11-year-old consanguineous Muslim boy suffering from PLS. After failing to get any benefit from methotrexate, three cycles of acitretin, each for 2 months, were given 1 month apart. In each cycle, acitretin (25?mg) was given every other day. At the end of the third cycle, treatment was stopped for 4 months to observe the extent of relapse. Thereafter, acitretin (25?mg) was given twice weekly for 4 months and then the patient was followed up for 1 year. Treatment with acitretin resulted in excellent improvement of periodontitis, increase in the alveolar bone height, and periodontal attachment. Improvement remained stable at the end of 1-year follow-up. There was excellent (>75%) improvement in keratoderma at the end of active therapy. Mild worsening of palmoplantar keratoderma was noticed whenever the drug was stopped. It improved when the drug was restarted. Other areas remained stable. At the end of 1-year follow-up, good improvement (50%) in palmoplantar keratoderma was achieved. PMID:25313946

Sarma, Nilendu; Ghosh, Chiranjit; Kar, Sudipta; Bazmi, Badruddin Ahmed

2015-01-01

55

Left-hemisphere missile injury. A clinical and anatomical case study, with 25-year follow up.  

PubMed

A case is reported of left-hemisphere missile injury sustained in 1944. A stable pattern of selective loss (dysphasia, dyslexia, dysgraphia, and verbal memory impairment) and intact abilities (perceptual and spatial skills and nonverbal memory) was followed up for 25 years. No progressive or generalized intellectual deterioration to suggest interaction between this brain injury and normal aging was observed. The clinical and neuropsychological sequelae are related to the detailed postmortem findings. PMID:3632396

Oppenheimer, D; Marshall, J C; Newcombe, F

1987-08-01

56

MitraClip intervention as rescue therapy in cardiogenic shock: one-year follow-up.  

PubMed

The MitraClip (Abbott Vascular, Menlo Park, CA) is a device used to perform transcatheter edge-to-edge repair of the mitral valve approved by the Food and Drug Administration for the treatment of high-risk degenerative mitral regurgitation. We describe the follow up of a 78-year-old man with severe functional mitral regurgitation and cardiogenic shock who underwent a successful MitraClip implantation. PMID:25151290

Couture, Philippe; Cloutier-Gill, Laurie-Ann; Ducharme, Anique; Bonan, Raoul; Asgar, Anita W

2014-09-01

57

Durability of Stretta Radiofrequency Treatment for GERD: Results of an 8-Year Follow-Up  

PubMed Central

From June 2002 to March 2013 26 patients that underwent Stretta procedure (16 females, 10 males) reached to date an eight-year follow-up. Primary end point of the study was to verify the durability of the procedure at this time. All patients underwent clinical evaluation by upper endoscopy, oesophageal pressure, and pH studies. For each patient 8-year data were compared to those recorded at baseline and at 4 years. There was a significant decrease in both heartburn and GERD HRQL scores at 4 years (P = 0.001) and at 8 years (P = 0.003) as well as a significant increase of QoL scores at each control time (mental SF-36 and physical SF-36, P = 0.001). After 4 and 8 years, 21 patients (80.7%, P = 0.0001) and 20 patients (76.9%, P = 0.0001) were completely off PPIs. Median LES pressure did not show significant amelioration at 4 and 8 years and mean oesophageal acid exposure significantly improved at 4 years (P = 0.001) but returned to baseline values after 8 years. This further follow-up study of ours from four to eight years confirms that RF energy delivery for GERD provides durable improvement in symptoms and in quality of life and reduces antireflux drugs consumption. PMID:24959175

Dughera, Luca; Rotondano, Gianluca; De Cento, Maria; Cassolino, Paola; Cisarò, Fabio

2014-01-01

58

Stability of alexithymia in late adolescence: results of a 4-year follow-up study.  

PubMed

The aim of the present study was to assess the stability of alexithymia in adolescents and the effects of parental factors and social support thereon. The sample comprised 315 late adolescents, of whom 259 were female and 56 male. At baseline, the mean age of the subjects was 19 years (range 17-21 years). The follow-up period was 4 years (2008-2012). The 20-item Toronto Alexithymia Scale (TAS-20) was used for the assessment of alexithymia both at baseline and follow-up. The Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support (MSPSS) and the Parental Bonding Instrument (PBI) were used as measures at baseline. Regarding absolute stability, the changes in the TAS-20 total scores and two subscales (DIF and EOT) were statistically significant but the effect sizes for the changes were small (Cohen?s d 0.21-0.24). The test-retest correlations for the TAS-20 total and subscale scores were high (?=0.50-0.64, P<0.001), indicating relative stability. While several parental and social support variables were associated with alexithymia at baseline, low social support from friends was the only to predict higher alexithymia at follow-up. Alexithymia is a stable personality trait also in late adolescence. Low social support from friends is related to alexithymia in young adulthood. PMID:24953425

Karukivi, Max; Pölönen, Tuukka; Vahlberg, Tero; Saikkonen, Suvi; Saarijärvi, Simo

2014-10-30

59

One-year follow-up of femtosecond laser-assisted penetrating keratoplasty  

PubMed Central

Background The purpose of this report is to describe the initial outcomes of femtosecond laser-assisted penetrating keratoplasty. Methods This retrospective surgical case series consisted of 10 eyes from 10 patients undergoing penetrating keratoplasty at a tertiary center. Femtosecond laser was used to perform a zig-square incision on the donor cornea with matched dimensions on the recipient cornea. Outcomes measured included: unaided visual acuity and best spectacle-corrected visual acuity preoperatively and at one, 3, 6, and 12 months postoperatively; manifest refractive and topographic astigmatism at 3, 6, and 12 months postoperatively; and endothelial cell density loss, calculated at the end of the one-year follow-up period. Results At one-year follow-up, there was an improvement in unaided visual acuity from a mean preoperative logMAR of 1.67 to 0.44, and best spectacle-corrected visual acuity from a mean preoperative logMAR of 1.33 to 0.13. By postoperative month 3, mean manifest refractive and topographic astigmatism was 2.31 ± 1.41 D and 2.59 ± 1.57 D, respectively. The mean reduction in endothelial cell density was 20.7% after one year of follow-up. Conclusion Femtosecond laser-assisted penetrating keratoplasty provided a good visual outcome and early visual rehabilitation due to precise graft-host alignment and reduced astigmatism in the early postoperative months. PMID:23459327

Tan, Johnson Choon-Hwai; Heng, Wee-Jin

2013-01-01

60

Cementless total hip arthroplasty for haemophilic arthropathy: follow-up result of more than 10 years.  

PubMed

The improvement of prophylaxis and adequate replacement of clotting factors, the quality of life and natural history of haemophilia have been significantly improved. However, significant functional impairment is inevitable. This study was performed to evaluate over 10 years clinical and radiographic outcomes of cementless total hip arthroplasty (THA) for treatment of haemophilic hip arthropathy. Between 1995 and 2003, 27cases of cementless total hip arthroplasties were performed in 23 haemophilic patients. A total of 21 cases from 17 patients were available for follow-up analysis over 10 years. Modified Harris hip score, the range of motion of the hip joint, perioperative coagulation factor requirements and complications associated with bleeding were evaluated as part of the clinical assessment. For the radiographic assessment, fixation of component, osteolysis, loosening and other complications were evaluated. Clinically, the mean Harris hip score improved from 57 points before the operation to 94 points at the last follow-up. The mean flexion contracture was 10° preoperatively and 0.9° at the final follow-up. The further flexion improved from 68.4° to 90.5° after surgery. The mean monthly requirement of factor VIII reduced from 3150 units before surgery to 1800 units at the time of the last follow-up. There were three cases of rebleeding. In one case, a progressive haemophilic pseudotumour was found. Reoperation for any reason including revision was performed in three cases. We believe that cementless THA in patient with haemophilic hip arthropathy can bring reliable pain relief and functional improvement for longer than 10 years. PMID:25296853

Lee, S H; Rhyu, K H; Cho, Y J; Yoo, M C; Chun, Y S

2015-01-01

61

Cardiac assessment of veteran endurance athletes: a 12 year follow up study  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVES: Sustained aerobic dynamic exercise is beneficial in preventing cardiovascular disease. The effect of lifelong endurance exercise on cardiac structure and function is less well documented, however. A 12 year follow up of 20 veteran athletes was performed, as longitudinal studies in such cohorts are rare. METHODS: Routine echocardiography was repeated as was resting, exercise, and 24 hour electrocardiography. RESULTS: Nineteen returned for screening. Mean (SD) age was 67 (6.2) years (range 56-83). Two individuals had had permanent pacemakers implanted (one for symptomatic atrial fibrillation with complete heart block, the other for asystole lasting up to 15 seconds). Only two athletes had asystolic pauses in excess of two seconds compared with seven athletes in 1985. Of these seven, five had no asystole on follow up. Two of these five had reduced their average running distance by about 15-20 miles a week. One athlete sustained an acute myocardial infarction during a competitive race in 1988. Three athletes had undergone coronary arteriography during the 12 years of follow up but none had obstructive coronary artery disease. Ten of 19 (53%) had echo evidence of left ventricular hypertrophy in 1997 but only two (11%) had left ventricular dilatation. Ten athletes had ventricular couplets on follow up compared with only two in 1985. CONCLUSIONS: Although the benefits of moderate regular exercise are undisputed, high intensity lifelong endurance exercise may be associated with altered cardiac structure and function. These adaptations to more extreme forms of exercise merit caution in the interpretation of standard cardiac investigations in the older athletic population. On rare occasions, these changes may be deleterious. ??? PMID:10450477

Hood, S.; Northcote, R. J.

1999-01-01

62

Mixed-sclerosing-bone-dystrophy: 42-year follow-up of a case reported as osteopetrosis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary  We present a detailed metabolic investigation and 42-year radiological follow-up of a 52-year-old man with mixed-sclerosing-bone-dystrophy,\\u000a the rare occurrence of two or more distinct patterns of sclerosing-bone-dysplasia (e.g., osteopathia striata, osteopoikilosis,\\u000a melorheostosis) in a single subject. Review of radiographs from 1942, when he was reported to have osteopetrosis, demonstrated\\u000a diffuse osteosclerosis, osteopathia striata, osteopoikilosis, and focal cortical hyperostosis. Forty-two years

Roberto Pacifici; William A. Murphy; Steven L. Teitelbaum; Michael P. Whyte

1986-01-01

63

Coronary Artery Revascularization Evaluation—A Multicenter Registry With Seven Years of Follow?Up  

PubMed Central

Background Data from randomized clinical trials comparing coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) and percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) may not accurately reflect current clinical practice, in which there is off?label usage of drug?eluting stents (DES). We undertook a prospective registry of coronary revascularization by CABG on? and off?pump and PCI with bare?metal stents (BMSs), DESs, or percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA) to determine clinical outcomes. Methods and Results All patients undergoing isolated coronary revascularization in 8 community?based hospitals were enrolled. Final follow?up was obtained after 5 years by patient and/or physician contact and the Social Security Death Index. ST?elevation myocardial infarction and salvage patients were excluded. Five or more years of follow?up was obtained on 81.5% (3156) of the eligible patients—968 CABG patients (82.0%) and 2188 PCI patients (81.3%). Overall follow?up was 63.5±27.9 months (median, 79.7 months). The incidence of initial major adverse cardiac events (MACEs) at follow?up for CABG versus PCI was 29.2% versus 41.8% (P<0.001). Analysis of stent subgroups showed more events with BMSs (equivalent to PTCA alone) compared with DESs. All stents had more events than on? or off?pump CABG groups. Using propensity score–matched groups, the odds ratio for CABG to PCI was 0.69 (95% confidence interval [CI], 0.56 to 0.85; P<0.001) for mortality and 0.58 (95% CI, 0.45 to 0.75; P<0.001) for any MACE. Conclusions In the current era of DES and off?pump surgery, in a community hospital setting, comparable patients undergoing coronary revascularization appear to benefit from improved long?term survival and reduced MACE with CABG versus PCI. PMID:23598273

Kurlansky, Paul; Herbert, Morley; Prince, Syma; Mack, Michael J.

2013-01-01

64

Depressive symptoms in late life: a 10-year follow-up.  

PubMed

The objectives of this study were to describe the changes occurring in depressive symptomatology over a 10-year period among 75-year-old residents of Jyväskylä, Finland. It also addressed the question of whether the mood disturbances detected were a permanent phenomenon or whether they had a more episodic nature. In addition, various associations with and predictors of low mood were studied. Depressive symptoms were screened with the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D).The cut-off point of 16 was used to distinguish depressed individuals from those classified as non-depressed. A baseline study was carried out in 1989 (n = 337). A 5-year follow-up was carried out with the same cohort in 1994 (n = 222) and a 10-year follow-up in 1999 (n = 131). The permanent versus episodic nature of depressed mood was studied by comparing the three-wave longitudinal depression score findings of different individuals. In the follow-up settings, multivariate logistic regression models adjusted for sex were used to find predictors of depressiveness. Looking at the prevalence of depressiveness we found a statistically significant increase in the figures for women particularly from age 80 to 85 years. The much lower mean scores recorded for men in earlier measurements reached the same level as for women at age 85 years. Loneliness, a large number of chronic diseases, poor self-rated health, poor functional capacity, poor vision and perceived negative changes in life predicted depressive symptomatology. It seemed that minor depression among the elderly was most typically an episodic phenomenon. PMID:15066310

Heikkinen, Riitta-Liisa; Kauppinen, Markku

2004-01-01

65

Optic nerve sheath meningioma: a case report with 15-year follow-up.  

PubMed

Meningiomas are benign neoplastic lesions of arachnoidal cells of the meninges. These tumors may arise wherever meninges exists, such as in the nasal cavity, paranasal sinuses, middle ear, and mediastinum. Optic nerve sheath meningiomas (ONSMs) are usually unilateral and occur predominantly in middle-aged females, although they may be present at any age. We present a case of a 55-year-old female with ONSM diagnosed when she was 40 years old. Diagnosis and follow-up was based on the clinical picture, CT orbit scan, and magnetic resonance imaging. PMID:23952009

Vukovic Arar, Zeljka; Vatavuk, Zoran; Miskic, Blazenka; Janjetovic, Zeljka; Sekelj, Sandra; Knezevic Pravecek, Marijana

2014-01-01

66

Outcomes of gamma knife radiosurgery for trigeminal neuralgia after a minimum 3-year follow-up.  

PubMed

We conducted a retrospective study of the outcomes of 17 patients who underwent gamma knife radiosurgery (GKRS) for idiopathic trigeminal neuralgia (TN) with a minimum 3-year follow-up. The median interval from GKRS to pain improvement was 4 weeks (range, 1-16 weeks). At the last follow-up, a good treatment outcome was verified in 16 (94.1%) patients (Barrow Neurologic Index pain score, I-IIIb). One patient (5.9%) had treatment failure. On follow up, six patients (35.3%) had a recurrence of pain following some initial relief. Mean time to pain recurrence was 20 months (range, 3-36 months). Four patients (23.5%) experienced treatment-related complications. Three patients reported some degree of post-treatment facial numbness. One patient reported decreased corneal sensation (dry eye syndrome). GKRS is a safe and effective long-term treatment method for TN and should be considered as an alternative option for medically intractable TN. PMID:21371892

Park, Seong-Hyun; Hwang, Sung-Kyoo

2011-05-01

67

Ten-Year Follow-Up of Endovascular Aneurysm Treatment with Talent Stent-Grafts  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the clinical results, complications, and secondary interventions during long-term follow-up after endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) and to investigate the impact of endoleak sizes on aneurysm shrinkage. From 1997 to March 2007, 127 patients (12 female, 115 male; age, 73.0 {+-} 7.2 years) with abdominal aortic aneurysms were treated with Talent stent-grafts. Follow-up included clinical visits, contrast-enhanced MDCT, and radiographs at 3, 6, and 12 months and then annually. Results were analyzed with respect to clinical outcome, secondary interventions, endoleak rate and management, and change in aneurysm size. There was no need for primary conversion surgery. Thirty-day mortality was 1.6% (two myocardial infarctions). Procedure-related morbidity was 2.4% (paraplegia, partial infarction of one kidney, and inguinal bleeding requiring surgery). Mean follow-up was 47.7 {+-} 34.2 months (range, 0-123 months). Thirty-nine patients died during follow-up; three of the deaths were related to aneurysm (aneurysm rupture due to endoleak, n = 1; secondary surgical reintervention n = 2). During follow-up, a total of 29 secondary procedures were performed in 19 patients, including 14 percutaneous procedures (10 patients) and 15 surgical procedures (12 patients), including 4 cases with late conversion to open aortic repair (stent-graft infection, n = 1; migration, endoleak, or endotension, n = 3). Overall mean survival was 84.5 {+-} 4.7 months. Mean survival and freedom from any event was 66.7 {+-} 4.5 months. MRI depicted significantly more endoleaks compared to MDCT (23.5% vs. 14.3%; P < 0.01). Patients in whom all aneurysm side branches were occluded prior to stent-grafting showed a significantly reduced incidence of large endoleaks. Endoleaks >10% of the aneurysm area were associated with reduced aneurysm shrinkage compared to no endoleaks or <10% endoleaks ({Delta} at 3 years, -1.8% vs. -12.0%; P < 0.05). In conclusion, endovascular aneurysm treatment with Talent stent-grafts demonstrated encouraging long-term results with moderate secondary intervention rates. Primary occlusion of all aortic side branches reduced the incidence of large endoleaks. Large endoleaks significantly impaired aneurysm shrinkage, whereas small endoleaks did not.

Pitton, Michael B., E-mail: pitton@radiologie.klinik.uni-mainz.de; Scheschkowski, Tobias; Ring, Markus; Herber, Sascha; Oberholzer, Katja; Leicher-Dueber, Annegret [University Hospital of Mainz, Johannes Gutenberg University of Mainz, Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology (Germany); Neufang, Achim; Schmiedt, Walther [University Hospital of Mainz, Johannes Gutenberg University of Mainz, Department of Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery (Germany); Dueber, Christoph [University Hospital of Mainz, Johannes Gutenberg University of Mainz, Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology (Germany)

2009-09-15

68

Epidemiological Follow-up 15 Years after the Breast Cancer Scandal in Essen.  

PubMed

Purpose: In the years 1993-1996 a number of presumably false-positive breast cancer diagnoses were made by a pathologist in Essen. A follow-up, undertaken 15 years later, investigated how many women had tumour recurrence and/or metastasis or had died from breast cancer. Material and Methods: A total of 151 (68?%) out of 222 women could be traced. One hundred and forty-seven (66.2?%) of the 222 women were alive. The observed survival rate, number of recurrences and/or metastases, and number of deaths from breast cancer were compared with data from the Munich Tumour Registry. The number of breast cancer cases among daughters of the affected women was ascertained. Results: The total observed survival rate at follow-up after 15 years was 93?%, a much higher figure than the survival rate of 45?% given by the Munich Tumour Registry. Recurrence and/or metastasis or death from breast cancer occurred in 9/222 cases (4.1?%). The incidence for these events calculated according to data from the Munich Tumour Registry is 13?%. Two daughters (2.2?%) out of a total of 90 were diagnosed with breast cancer whereas, according to the German Cancer Research Centre, the expected rate would have been between 5 and 10?%. Conclusions: The results of our follow-up after 15 years show that more women survived than expected and that the number of recurrences and/or metastases and deaths due to breast cancer was lower than expected. Fewer daughters of affected women were diagnosed with breast cancer than expected. These results support our suspicion that not all women diagnosed with breast cancer by a pathologist in Essen actually had breast cancer. PMID:25284840

Hauth, E A M; Berkemeyer, S; Jaeger, H; Forsting, M; Hoffmann, B; Jöckel, K-H

2012-06-01

69

Postoperative Complications in the Tube Versus Trabeculectomy (TVT) Study During Five Years of Follow-up  

PubMed Central

Purpose To describe postoperative complications encountered in the Tube Versus Trabeculectomy (TVT) Study during 5 years of follow-up. Design Multicenter randomized clinical trial. Methods Settings Seventeen clinical centers. Study Population Patients 18 to 85 years of age who had previous trabeculectomy and/or cataract extraction with intraocular lens implantation and uncontrolled glaucoma with intraocular pressure (IOP) ?18 mm Hg and ?40 mm Hg on maximum tolerated medical therapy. Interventions Tube shunt (350-mm2 Baerveldt glaucoma implant) or trabeculectomy with mitomycin C (MMC 0.4 mg/mL for 4 minutes). Main Outcome Measures Surgical complications, reoperations for complications, visual acuity, and cataract progression. Results Early postoperative complications occurred in 22 patients (21%) in the tube group and 39 patients (37%) in the trabeculectomy group (P = .012). Late postoperative complications developed in 36 patients (34%) in the tube group and 38 patients (36%) in the trabeculectomy group during 5 years of follow-up (P = .81). The rate of reoperation for complications was 22% in the tube group and 18% in the trabeculectomy group (P = .29). Cataract extraction was performed in 13 phakic eyes (54%) in the tube group and 9 phakic eyes (43%) in the trabeculectomy group (P = .43). Conclusions A large number of surgical complications were observed in the TVT Study, but most were transient and self-limited. The incidence of early postoperative complications was higher following trabeculectomy with MMC than tube shunt surgery. The rates of late postoperative complications, reoperation for complications, and cataract extraction were similar with both surgical procedures after 5 years of follow-up. PMID:22244522

Gedde, Steven J.; Herndon, Leon W.; Brandt, James D.; Budenz, Donald L.; Feuer, William J.; Schiffman, Joyce C.

2013-01-01

70

Memory self-efficacy predicts memory performance: results from a 6-year follow-up study.  

PubMed

The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between memory self-efficacy (MSE) and a 6-year follow-up assessment of memory functioning in a sample of Dutch older adults. MSE was assessed by a Dutch abridged version of the Metamemory in Adulthood questionnaire (MIA; R. A. Dixon, D. F. Hultsch, & C. Hertzog, 1988; C. Hertzog, D. F. Hultsch, & R. A. Dixon, 1989; R. W. H. M. Ponds & J. Jolles, 1996). The total MSE score predicted memory performance at 6 years, as measured by the Visual Verbal Learning Task (VVLT; N. Brand & J. Jolles, 1985). A separate analysis of the different MSE subscales indicated that the MIA Change score was the most salient domain-specific MSE predictor of subsequent memory performance after 6 years. An extreme groups analysis of the MIA Change score revealed a pattern of performance for those who perceived that their memory was worsening, performing less well on the 3 trials of the VVLT when these were readministered at the 6-year follow-up. PMID:16594801

Valentijn, Susanne A M; Hill, Robert D; Van Hooren, Susan A H; Bosma, Hans; Van Boxtel, Martin P J; Jolles, Jelle; Ponds, Rudolf W H M

2006-03-01

71

Two Year Follow-up of the Preservation Unicompartmental Knee Implant.  

PubMed

Reported results of unicondylar knee arthroplasty (UKA) have mixed reviews in comparison with results of tri-compartmental knee arthroplasty (TKA). We prospectively evaluated the short-term results (2 years) of a newer design of a UKA implant (Preservation UKA) with a cobalt-chromium femoral component and an all polyethylene tibial component. Seventy-two patients with intact ligaments and loss of only medial articular cartilage received the Preservation prosthesis. Data were obtained using WOMAC, Knee Society score (KSS), and standard radiographs. WOMAC scores improved by 24 points and KSS improved by 33 points at 2-year follow-up. Mean flexion increased by 4° to126° at 2 years. On X-ray, only one patient had a radiolucency. No fractures occurred. Two knees were revised due to clinical symptoms of medial compartment pain. This 2-year follow-up study of the Preservation UKA shows promising early results. Long-term data would be necessary to compare results with TKA or other unicompartmental replacements. PMID:22754411

Jain, Rajeev K; Neville, Lorraine T; Ezzet, Kace A; Sterling, Robert S; Horwood, Raymond L; Colwell, Clifford W

2011-07-01

72

The First Year Inventory: A Longitudinal Follow-Up of 12-Month-Old to 3-Year-Old Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The First Year Inventory is a parent-report measure designed to identify 12-month-old infants at risk for autism spectrum disorder. First Year Inventory taps behaviors that indicate risk in the developmental domains of sensory--regulatory and social--communication functioning. This longitudinal study is a follow-up of 699 children at 3 years of…

Turner-Brown, Lauren M.; Baranek, Grace T.; Reznick, J Steven; Watson, Linda R.; Crais, Elizabeth R.

2013-01-01

73

Undifferentiated spondyloarthritis in a heterogeneous Brazilian population: an eight-year follow-up study.  

PubMed

The aim of the present study was to describe the outcomes of Brazilian patients with undifferentiated spondyloarthritis during an eight-year follow-up period. Patients fulfilling the European Spondyloarthritis (SpA) Study Group Classification Criteria were enrolled. Forty patients were seen at baseline, and 36 participated in the follow-up study. Twenty-three (58%) were female, and there were 24 (60%) African Brazilians enrolled. HLA-B27 was positive in 18 (45%) patients. At disease onset, the first presenting symptoms were pure peripheral manifestations in 26 (72.2%) patients. After the study period, mixed disease (axial + peripheral) predominated occurring in 25 (69.4%) patients. The Assessment of SpA International society (ASAS) classification criteria for axial SpA were fulfilled by 77% of patients, and the ASAS criteria for peripheral SpA were fulfilled by 59% of patients. After 2.5 years, 6 (16.7%) of the 36 patients fulfilled the modified New York Criteria for ankylosing spondylitis and 1 (2.7%) progressed to psoriatic arthritis. A total of 10 (27.8%) patients progressed to definite SpA during the eight-year study period. Buttock pain (p = 0.006, OR 10.55; 95% CI 2.00-65.90) and low-grade radiographic sacroiliitis (p = 0.025, OR = 11.50; 95% CI 1.33-83.39) at baseline were associated with definite SpA. Thus, in this Brazilian cohort, which had a predominance of female African-Brazilian patients, prevalent peripheral onset symptoms were followed by a high frequency of axial manifestations during the follow-up period. Evidence of clinical or radiological sacroiliitis was associated with progression to definite SpA. PMID:23765202

da Cruz Lage, Ricardo; de Souza Bomtempo, Carlos Alexandre; Kakehasi, Adriana Maria; de Carvalho, Marco Antônio Parreiras

2014-07-01

74

Ultrasonographically detected gallbladder polyps: A reason for concern? A seven-year follow-up study  

PubMed Central

Background The management of coincidental detected gallbladder polyps (GP) is still nebulous. There are few published data regarding their long-term growth. Objective of the present study was to investigate the prevalence and growth of gallbladder polyps in a survey of unselected subjects from the general population of a complete rural community. Methods A total of 2,415 subjects (1,261 women; 1,154 men) underwent ultrasound examination of the gallbladder, in November 1996 as part of a prospective study. Subjects in whom GP were detected at the initial survey underwent follow-up ultrasound examinations after 30 and 84 months. Results At the initial survey gallbladder polyps were detected in 34 subjects (1.4%; females: 1.1%, range 14 to 74 years; males: 1.7%, range 19 to 63 years). Median diameter was 5 ± 2.1 mm (range 2 to10 mm) at the initial survey, 5 mm ± 2.8 mm (range 2 to 12 mm) at 30 months and 4 ± 2.3 mm (range 2 to 9 mm) at 84 months. At the time of first follow-up no change in diameter was found in 81.0% (n = 17), reduction in diameter in 4.8% (n = 1) and increase in diameter in 14.3% (n = 3). At the time of second follow-up no increase in polyp diameter was found in 76.9% (n = 10) and reduction in diameter in 7.7% (n = 1). No evidence of malignant disease of the gallbladder was found. Conclusion Over a period of seven years little change was measured in the diameter of gallbladder polyps. There was no evidence of malignant disease of the gallbladder in any subject. PMID:18793401

Kratzer, Wolfgang; Haenle, Mark M; Voegtle, Andrea; Mason, Richard A; Akinli, Atilla S; Hirschbuehl, Klaus; Schuler, Andreas; Kaechele, Volker

2008-01-01

75

FIVE-YEAR FOLLOW-UP OF MACULAR MORPHOLOGIC CHANGES AFTER RHEGMATOGENOUS RETINAL DETACHMENT REPAIR  

PubMed Central

Purpose: To evaluate serially long-term macular morphologic changes after successful macula-involving rhegmatogenous retinal detachment repair and correlate changes with macular function. Methods: Repeat Fourier domain optical coherence tomography (FD OCT) imaging and microperimetry (MP-1) testing of 8 of the initial cohort of 17 eyes studied 5 years earlier. Results: The mean follow-up after rhegmatogenous retinal detachment repair was 3.4 months (range, 1–8.5 months) for the first FD OCT and 5 years (range, 3.75–5.75 years) for the follow-up FD OCT. The final postoperative best-corrected visual acuity mean was 20/201 (range, 20/20 to counting fingers). Six eyes with final best-corrected visual acuity >20/40 had an intact external limiting membrane and progressive resolution of photoreceptor inner segment–outer segment junction disruption and/or subretinal fluid on serial FD OCT, which correlated with improvement in macular function on MP-1. Two eyes with poor or worsening best-corrected visual acuity on follow-up had persistent or worsening inner segment–outer segment disruption on serial FD OCT. External limiting membrane was intact in one eye and persistently disrupted in the other. Conclusion: Macular function may progressively improve or worsen long-term after successful rhegmatogenous retinal detachment repair. Progressive resolution of subretinal fluid and/or inner segment–outer segment disruption on FD OCT correlated with improvement in macular function, whereas worsening or persistent inner segment–outer segment disruption correlates with worsening or persistently poor visual outcome. PMID:23591534

RASHID, SAADIA; PILLI, SUMAN; CHIN, ERIC K.; ZAWADZKI, ROBERT J.; WERNER, JOHN S.; PARK, SUSANNA S.

2014-01-01

76

Australian Aboriginal Birth Cohort study: follow-up processes at 20 years  

PubMed Central

Background In 1987, a prospective study of an Australian Aboriginal Birth Cohort was established focusing on the relationships of fetal and childhood growth with the risk of chronic adult disease. However as the study is being conducted in a highly marginalized population it is also an important resource for cross-sectional descriptive and analytical studies. The aim of this paper is to describe the processes of the third follow up which was conducted 20 years after recruitment at birth. Methods Progressive steps in a multiphase protocol were used for tracing, with modifications for the expected rural or urban location of the participants. Results Of the original 686 cohort participants recruited 68 were untraced and 27 were known to have died. Of the 591 available for examination 122 were not examined; 11 of these were refusals and the remainder were not seen for logistical reasons relating to inclement weather, mobility of participants and single participants living in very remote locations. Conclusion The high retention rate of this follow-up 20 years after birth recruitment is a testament to the development of successful multiphase protocols aimed at overcoming the challenges of tracing a cohort over a widespread remote area and also to the perseverance of the study personnel. We also interpret the high retention rate as a reflection of the good will of the wider Aboriginal community towards this study and that researchers interactions with the community were positive. The continued follow-up of this life course study now seems feasible and there are plans to trace and reexamine the cohort at age 25 years. PMID:19775475

2009-01-01

77

PSYCHOSIS NOT OTHERWISE SPECIFIED - CHANGE OF DIAGNOSIS AT FIVE YEAR FOLLOW -UP  

PubMed Central

SUMMARY A five-year follow-up study of 38 patients with ‘psychosis not otherwise specified’ revealed that diagnostic change occurred in 34.2% of the patients. 15.8% of the patients developed schizophrenia and 18.4% developed affective disorders. The initial diagnosis was retained in 65.8% of the patients. The onset of the illness was acute in patients from rural background and this is statistically significant. 42% of the patients presented only catatonic signs, of which nearly 70% showed full recovery. PMID:21743614

Sivakumar, V.; Chandrasekaran, R.

1993-01-01

78

Successfully treated unusual case of primary adrenal and spinal tuberculosis with three years follow up  

PubMed Central

The global increase in incidence of Tuberculosis (TB) is returning to be a major health issue grabbing a universal concern. Although extrapulmonary tuberculosis (EPTB) has a broad spectrum of clinical manifestations, primary involvement of the adrenal glands along with spine without pulmonary affection has been rarely reported. We report a case of successfully treated adult Asian male patient presented with primary adrenal TB, complicated with chronic adrenal insufficiency accompanied with upper lumber spinal TB. We also present the follow up of our patient after three years. PMID:25018843

Shrestha, Biswas; Omran, Ahmed; Rong, Pengfei; Wang, Wei

2014-01-01

79

Surgical repair of muscle laceration: biomechanical properties at 6 years follow-up  

PubMed Central

Summary Muscle injuries are challenging problems for surgeons. Muscle trauma is commonly treated conservatively with excellent outcome results while surgical repair is advocated for larger tears/lacerations, where the optimal goal is restore of function. Repair of muscle belly lacerations is technically demanding because the sutures pull out and the likelihood of clinical failure is high. Different suture techniques have been described but still the best suture is debated. We show a case of a pure vastus medialis muscle laceration surgically repaired at 6 years of follow-up. PMID:24596695

Oliva, Francesco; Via, Alessio Giai; Kiritsi, Olga; Foti, Calogero; Maffulli, Nicola

2013-01-01

80

Treatment of Odontogenic Myxoma: A Multidisciplinary Approach—6-Year Follow-Up Case  

PubMed Central

The most aggressive diseases that affect the oral environment are considered tumors of the jaw. The surgical treatment is preferably done by surgical resection of the lesion, resulting in a great loss of tissue and esthetics. Multidisciplinary planning is required for the rehabilitation of these cases. Autogenous grafting techniques or vascularized flaps allow ridge reconstruction for implant placement, restoring function, and esthetics. This paper reports a 6-year follow-up case of an odontogenic myxoma treated with wide resection and mandibular bone reconstruction for posterior rehabilitation with dental implants. PMID:25580309

de Souza, João Gustavo Oliveira; Claus, Jonathas Daniel Paggi; Gil, Luiz Fernando; Gil, José Nazareno; Cardoso, Antonio Carlos

2014-01-01

81

Ten-year follow-up of an anatomical hydroxyapatite-coated total hip prosthesis  

PubMed Central

We report our results after ten year follow-up of 107 consecutive ABG-I hip prostheses implanted between June 1990 and December 1992: Only 84 prostheses were still in the study after ten years, but only six patients had undergone surgical revision. We can consider our clinical outcomes as excellent, with a whole-implant survival rate greater than 96%, a mean Merle D’Aubigne and Postel score increasing from 7.97 before operation to 16.17 at ten year follow-up, and a personal subjective assessment as excellent or good in 82.14% of patients. However, radiographic outcomes are more worrying: around 90% of patients show a stress-shielding phenomenon and granulomatous lesions in the proximal femur, and more than 82% suffer polyethylene wear greater than one  millimetre (mean 1.68 mm). We think that zirconia stem heads and hooded antiluxation PE inserts are determining factors in the process of PE wear and, secondarily, in cancellous bone resorption and bone osteolysis. PMID:16506026

Panisello Sebastiá, J. J.; Herrera Rodríguez, A.; Peguero Bona, A.; Martínez Martín, A.; Herrero Barcos, L.; García-Dihinx, L.

2006-01-01

82

Research in child psychoanalysis: twenty-five-year follow-up of a severely disturbed child.  

PubMed

In an era of managed care, psychoanalytic treatment of children is under fire as critics question whether the evidence of success in child analysis is sufficiently robust to warrant the large commitment of time and money required for this treatment. This article chronicles the history and current state of research at the Anna Freud Centre, and describes the evolution of a database that has methodically recorded and systematically organized data from over 750 cases of children referred to the Centre over a forty-five-year period. Analysis of this database has determined what kinds of childhood disorders are best treated with intensive psychoanalysis, and what kinds do not respond to this form of treatment. A long-term follow-up of a small sample of these childreen suggests the kinds of long-term benefits that can be gained when an individual is treated with intensive psychoanalysis as a child. As an example, clinical material from the analysis of an eight-year-old is presented along with follow-up interview data twenty-five years later. PMID:19724072

Tyson, Phyllis

2009-08-01

83

Juvenile Sexual Homicide Offenders: Thirty-Year Follow-Up Investigation.  

PubMed

Sexual homicide by a juvenile offender occurs approximately 9 times per year in the United States. Little is known about the post-incarceration adjustment of these offenders. The current study was designed to follow up 30 years later on a sample of eight adolescent sexual homicide offenders who were convicted of murder and sentenced to adult prison. The results indicated that six out of eight offenders were released from prison, and their mean sentence length was 12 years and 2 months. Four offenders out of the six released were rearrested, but none of the arrests were for homicide, sexual or otherwise. The post-incarceration arrests were for violent, drug-related, and property crimes, as well as possession of a firearm. Three out of the four recidivists have been recommitted to prison. Implications concerning the comparability of results to past research, time served in prison, and types of post-release offenses are discussed. PMID:25245207

Khachatryan, Norair; Heide, Kathleen M; Hummel, Erich V; Chan, Heng Choon Oliver

2014-09-22

84

Vanishing lung syndrome in one family: five cases with a 20-year follow-up.  

PubMed

Vanishing lung syndrome, also known as idiopathic giant bullous emphysema, is a rare disease characterized by giant emphysematous bullae. The disease is diagnosed by radiological findings of giant bullae in one, or both, of the upper lobes of the lung, occupying at least one-third of the hemithorax. There have been several reports of vanishing lung syndrome, however it remains to be determined whether genetic inheritance is associated with the disease. In the present study, five patients within one family, with vanishing lung syndrome, were reported during a follow-up period of ~ 20 years. All of the patients were diagnosed by radiological findings, which showed diffuse bullae in the lungs, which were of varying size and asymmetrical distribution, and the occurrence of pneumothorax or emphysema. The Medical Ethics Committee of the People's Hospital of Zhangye Municipality (Zhangye, China) approved this study, and all subjects gave their informed consent During the follow-up period of 20 years, bullae in these patients were shown to progressively increase, and no other pulmonary diseases, including lung cancer, tuberculosis, pneumoconiosis and chronic bronchitis were observed. Autosomal dominant inheritance was observed in five cases, and autosomal recessive inheritance was observed in one case. The present study suggests that vanishing lung syndrome may be associated with autosomal dominant and recessive genetic inheritance. PMID:25322795

Gao, Xichun; Wang, Haiying; Gou, Kaihong; Huang, Baosheng; Xia, Dongzhou; Wu, Xiuli; Wei, Ming; Zheng, Shengxi; Ma, Shan; He, Juanxiang

2015-01-01

85

Five and Ten Year Follow-up on Intradiscal Ozone Injection for Disc Herniation  

PubMed Central

Background Disc herniation is the most common cause for spinal surgery and many clinicians employ epidural steroid injections with limited success. Intradiscal injection of ozone gas has been used as an alternative to epidural steroids and surgical discectomy. Early results are positive but long-term data are limited. Methods One hundred and eight patients with confirmed contiguous disc herniation were treated with intradiscal injection of ozone in 2002-2003. One-hundred seven patients were available for telephone follow-up at 5 years. Sixty patients were available for a similar telephone follow-up at ten years. Patients were asked to describe their clinical outcome since the injection. Surgical events were documented. MRI images were reviewed to assess the reduction in disc herniation at six months. Results MRI films demonstrated a consistent reduction in the size of the disc herniation. Seventy-nine percent of patients had a reduction in herniation volume and the average reduction was 56%. There were 19 patients that ultimately had surgery and 12 of them occurred in the first six months after injection. One of these 12 was due to surgery at another level. Two surgeries involved an interspinous spacer indicated by stenosis or DDD. All other surgeries were discectomies. Of the patients that avoided surgery 82% were improved at 5 years and 88% were improved at 10 years. Other than subsequent surgeries, no spine-related complications were experienced. Conclusions/Level of Evidence We conclude that ozone is safe and effective in approximately 75% of patients with disc herniation and the benefit is maintained through ten years. This is a retrospective review and randomized trials are needed. Clinical Relevance Intradiscal ozone injection may enable patients to address their pain without multiple epidural injections and surgery. The benefit of ozone is durable and does not preclude future surgical options. The risk reward profile for this treatment is favorable. PMID:25694935

Buric, Josip; Rigobello, Luca; Hooper, David

2014-01-01

86

Posterior fossa giant tumefactive perivascular spaces: 8-year follow-up in an adolescent  

PubMed Central

Background: Cystic masses in the posterior fossa are ominous appearing lesions with broad differential diagnosis. Giant tumefactive perivascular spaces (GTPS) are rarely occurring pathological findings in the posterior fossa with unclear etiology and ill-defined long-term prognosis. Case Description: We present a case of a 15-year-old male diagnosed with posterior fossa GTPS. The patient remained asymptomatic during the 8-year follow-up after diagnosis with the serial magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) showing no change in the size and morphology of the lesion. Conclusion: This case supports prior literature on supratentorial GTPS suggesting that the natural history of GTPS is mostly benign. Identification of GTPS in the posterior fossa could prevent the patient from unnecessary surgery or other aggressive treatment modalities.

Branch, Byron C.; Tantiwongkosi, Bundhit; Altmeyer, Wilson; Bartanusz, Viktor

2015-01-01

87

A multidisciplinary approach for ocular rehabilitation following surgical treatment of retinoblastoma: One year follow-up  

PubMed Central

Retinoblastoma is a highly malignant neoplasm. Most of the cases are usually advanced at the time of detection, requiring enucleation to salvage the child's life. Just treating the patient for cancer is not enough; the cosmetic rehabilitation of these patients is equally important and it should always be an integral part of their treatment, to help them re-integrate in the aesthetic conscious society. Rehabilitating such patients require a multidisciplinary approach involving the combined and timely efforts of an ophthalmologist, paediatric oncologist and a skilled maxillofacial prosthodontist. This paper presents a case of 3½-year-old girl who had enucleation of her right eye due to retinoblastoma along with chemotherapy and radiotherapy at the age of 3 years. The patient was recalled regularly for follow-up at 3 month intervals for ophthalmic examinations and she was rehabilitated cosmetically with customised ocular prosthesis during the various stages of her developmental growth. PMID:24249955

Aggarwal, Himanshi; Kumar, Pradeep; Singh, Raghuwar D.; Baslas, Varun; Alvi, Habib A.; Jurel, Sunit

2013-01-01

88

Replantation of an Avulsed Maxillary Incisor after 12 Hours: Three-Year Follow-Up  

PubMed Central

Tooth avulsion is defined as the complete displacement of the tooth out of its alveolar socket. The treatment of choice is immediate replantation or if that is not possible, placement of the tooth in an appropriate storage media. This report presents replantation of an avulsed maxillary central incisor after 12 hours of storage in milk. The tooth was replanted and splinted. One week later, it was treated endodontically and calcium hydroxide dressing was placed for 1 month; subsequently, the tooth was obturated with gutta-percha. During three years of follow-up, no evidence of ankylosis or inflammatory resorption was observed. After three years, the tooth was stable and remained functional and esthetically acceptable. PMID:23411596

Moradian, Hamid; Badakhsh, Samaneh; Rahimi, Mehran; Hekmatfar, Somayeh

2013-01-01

89

Characteristics and prognosis of lone atrial fibrillation. 30-year follow-up in the Framingham Study.  

PubMed

In 30 years of follow-up of 5,209 participants in the Framingham Study, 193 men and 183 women developed atrial fibrillation (AF). Among this group, "lone" AF occurred in 32 men and 11 women free of coronary heart disease, congestive heart failure, rheumatic heart disease, and hypertensive cardiovascular disease. To determine the characteristics and prognosis of lone AF, each case was matched to controls in the remaining Framingham sample. Comparisons indicated that levels of several risk factors associated with coronary heart disease were similar between the two groups. Atrial fibrillation cases, however, had significantly higher rates of preexisting nonspecific T- or ST-wave abnormalities and intraventricular block as determined by electrocardiograms. Follow-up for new cardiovascular events indicated similar rates of coronary heart disease and congestive heart failure, but the rate of strokes was significantly greater in the lone AF group. Findings suggest that subjects with lone AF, despite similar cardiovascular risk profiles to normal controls, have a distinct preponderance of preexisting electrocardiographic abnormalities. Furthermore, contrary to general belief, lone AF is not a benign condition; it has a serious prognosis, indicating a greater need for detection and treatment. PMID:4068186

Brand, F N; Abbott, R D; Kannel, W B; Wolf, P A

1985-12-27

90

Loneliness, social networks, and mortality: 18 years of follow-up.  

PubMed

We examined the influence of changes in loneliness and social support networks upon mortality during 18 years of follow-up among an elderly cohort and determined the gender-specific nature of this relationship. The study is based on data collected from the Jerusalem Longitudinal Study (1990-2008), which has followed a representative sample of 605 community-dwelling elderly people. Subjects were randomly selected from an age homogenous cohort born 1920-1921 and were aged 70, 78, and 85 when data were collected at baseline in 1990 and at follow-up in 1998 and 2005. All-cause mortality from age 70-88 was determined according to the National Death Registry. Sense of loneliness was found to be stable among the majority of the respondents. Loneliness among men was found in bivariate analyses to be a risk factor for mortality. Although multivariate analyses found that loneliness was not a significant predictor of mortality, nonetheless several social network factors (marital status at the baseline and living arrangements) were found to predict mortality among men. Loneliness and solitude among elderly men can be a risk factor of mortality. The findings imply that attention should be given to this high risk group. PMID:21834390

Iecovich, Esther; Jacobs, Jeremy M; Stessman, Jochanan

2011-01-01

91

Emotion Suppression and Mortality Risk Over a 12-Year Follow-up  

PubMed Central

Objective Suppression of emotion has long been suspected to have a role in health, but empirical work has yielded mixed findings. We examined the association between emotion suppression and all-cause, cardiovascular, and cancer mortality over 12 years of follow-up in a nationally representative US sample. Methods We used the 2008 General Social Survey-National Death Index (NDI) cohort, which included an emotion suppression scale administered to 729 people in 1996. Prospective mortality follow up between 1996 and 2008 of 111 deaths (37 by cardiovascular disease, 34 by cancer) was evaluated using Cox proportional hazards models adjusted for age, gender, education, and minority race/ethnicity. Results The 75th vs. 25th percentile on the emotional suppression score was associated with hazard ratio (HR) of 1.35 (95% Confidence Interval [95% CI] = 1.00, 1.82; p = .049) for all-cause mortality. For cancer and cardiovascular disease mortality, the HRs were 1.70 (95% CI = 1.01, 2.88, p = 0.049) and 1.47 (95% CI = .87, 2.47, p = 0.148) respectively. Conclusions Emotion suppression may convey risk for earlier death, including death from cancer. Further work is needed to better understand the biopsychosocial mechanisms for this risk, as well as the nature of associations between suppression and different forms of mortality. PMID:24119947

Chapman, Benjamin P.; Fiscella, Kevin; Kawachi, Ichiro; Duberstein, Paul; Muennig, Peter

2013-01-01

92

Multimorbidity and long-term care dependency—a five-year follow-up  

PubMed Central

Background Not only single, but also multiple, chronic conditions are becoming the normal situation rather than the exception in the older generation. While many studies show a correlation between multimorbidity and various health outcomes, the long-term effect on care dependency remains unclear. The objective of this study is to follow up a cohort of older adults for 5 years to estimate the impact of multimorbidity on long-term care dependency. Methods This study is based on claims data from a German health insurance company. We included 115,203 people (mean age: 71.5 years, 41.4% females). To identify chronic diseases and multimorbidity, we used a defined list of 46 chronic conditions based on ICD-10 codes. Multimorbidity was defined as three or more chronic conditions from this list. The main outcome was “time until long-term care dependency”. The follow-up started on January 1st, 2005 and lasted for 5 years until December 31st, 2009. To evaluate differences between those with multimorbidity and those without, we calculated Kaplan–Meier curves and then modeled four distinct Cox proportional hazard regressions including multimorbidity, age and sex, the single chronic conditions, and disease clusters. Results Mean follow-up was 4.5 years. People with multimorbidity had a higher risk of becoming care dependent (HR: 1.85, CI 1.78–1.92). The conditions with the highest risks for long-term care dependency are Parkinson’s disease (HR: 6.40 vs. 2.68) and dementia (HR: 5.70 vs. 2.27). Patients with the multimorbidity pattern “Neuropsychiatric disorders” have a 79% higher risk of care dependency. Conclusions The results should form the basis for future health policy decisions on the treatment of patients with multiple chronic diseases and also show the need to introduce new ways of providing long-term care to this population. A health policy focus on chronic care management as well as the development of guidelines for multimorbidity is crucial to secure health services delivery for the older population. PMID:24884813

2014-01-01

93

Surgical Treatment for Adult Spinal Deformity: Projected Cost Effectiveness at 5-Year Follow-Up  

PubMed Central

Background In the United States, expenditures related to spine care are estimated to account for $86 billion annually. Policy makers have set a cost-effectiveness benchmark of less than $100,000/quality adjusted life year (QALY), forcing surgeons to defend their choices economically. This study projects the cost/QALY for surgical treatment of adult spinal deformity at 5-year follow-up based on 2-year cost- and health-related quality-of-life (HRQOL) data. Methods In a review of 541 patients with adult spinal deformity, the patients who underwent revision or were likely to undergo revision were identified and cost of surgery was doubled to account for the second procedure; all other patients maintained the cost of the initial surgery. Oswestry Disability Index (ODI) was modeled by revision status based on literature findings. Total surgical cost was based on Medicare reimbursement. Chi square and student t tests were utilized to compare cost-effective and non–cost-effective patients. Results The average cost/QALY at 5-year follow-up was $120,311.73. A total of 40.7% of patients fell under the threshold of a cost/QALY <$100,000. Cost-effective patients had higher baseline ODI scores (45% vs 34% [P=0.001]), lower baseline total Scoliosis Research Society scores (2.89 vs 3.00 [P=0.04]), and shorter fusions (8.23 vs 9.87 [P=0.0001]). Conclusion We found 40.7% of patients to be below the threshold of cost effectiveness. Factors associated with reaching the threshold <$100,000/QALY were greater preoperative disability, diagnosis of idiopathic scoliosis, poor preoperative HRQOL scores, and fewer fusion levels. PMID:24688328

Terran, Jamie; McHugh, Brian J.; Fischer, Charla R.; Lonner, Baron; Warren, Daniel; Glassman, Steven; Bridwell, Keith; Schwab, Frank; Lafage, Virginie

2014-01-01

94

Results of a cemented straight titanium alloy femoral stem after mean follow-up of 13 years  

Microsoft Academic Search

The first consecutive series of 250 implantations of a cemented femoral shaft prosthesis made of titanium alloy (Bicontact®,\\u000a Aesculap, Tuttlingen, Germany) in 239 patients are included in this prospective follow-up study. Average time of follow-up\\u000a evaluation was 12.6 years (range 11.8–13.8 years). At follow-up, 116 patients with 112 hips have died and only two could not\\u000a be located. Follow-up rate was 99.2%

C. Eingartner; S. Piel; K. Weise

2007-01-01

95

Trial of relaxation in reducing coronary risk: four year follow up.  

PubMed Central

On screening 192 men and women aged 35-64 were identified as having two or more of the following risk factors: blood pressure greater than or equal to 140/90 mm Hg, plasma cholesterol concentration greater than or equal to 6.3 mmol/l (243.6 mg/100 ml), and current smoking habit greater than or equal to 10 cigarettes a day. They were randomly allocated to a group for modification of behaviour or to serve as controls. Both groups were given health education leaflets containing advice to stop smoking, to reduce animal fats in the diet, and on the importance of reducing blood pressure. In addition, the treatment group had group sessions of one hour a week for eight weeks in which they were taught breathing exercises, relaxation, and meditation and about managing stress. It had previously been found that after eight weeks and eight months there was a significantly greater reduction in both systolic and diastolic blood pressures in the group taught to relax compared with the control group. After four years of follow up these differences in blood pressure were maintained. Plasma cholesterol concentration and the number of cigarettes smoked were lower in the treatment group at eight weeks and eight months but not at the four year follow up. At four years more subjects in the control group reported having had angina and treatment for hypertension and its complications. Incidence of ischaemic heart disease, fatal myocardial infarction, or electrocardiographic evidence of ischaemia was significantly greater in the control group. If the results of this study could be obtained in a larger study the financial and health care implications would be enormous. PMID:3921124

Patel, C; Marmot, M G; Terry, D J; Carruthers, M; Hunt, B; Patel, M

1985-01-01

96

Efficacy of three treatment protocols for adolescents with social anxiety disorder: A 5-year follow-up assessment  

Microsoft Academic Search

Few studies have reported long-term follow-up data in adults and even fewer in adolescents. The purpose of this work is to report on the longest follow-up assessment in the literature on treatments for adolescents with social phobia. A 5-year follow-up assessment was conducted with subjects who originally received either Cognitive Behavioral Group Therapy for Adolescents (CBGT-A), Social Effectiveness Therapy for

Luis-Joaquin Garcia-Lopez; Jose Olivares; Deborah Beidel; Anne-Marie Albano; Samuel Turner; Ana I. Rosa

2006-01-01

97

Denham total knee arthroplasty: a 10-year follow-up study.  

PubMed

We reviewed 72 patients with 89 Denham total knee arthroplasties (Biomet, Warsaw, IN) (TKAs) 10 to 15 years after the operation. Of 8 TKAs that were considered as failures, 5 had been revised at the time of review for pain and aseptic loosening, and 3 others were considered to have failed because of breakage of the polyethylene tibial plateau, dislocation, and infection. Survival analysis suggested a 10-year survival rate of 92.7%. There were 36 patients with 45 TKAs alive at the time of follow-up. We reviewed 32 of the patients with 40 Denham TKAs that had not failed. Their average age was 81 years (range, 58-93 years). They were reviewed at an average of 11.8 years after TKA. Nine knees (6 patients) had some anterior knee pain from the unresurfaced patella. Restriction of function was mainly due to medical conditions and old age. Survival analysis performed with the living patients found the 10-year survival to be 91.1%. Long-term survival shows that the Denham knee prosthesis is effective despite its simplicity. PMID:12168168

Mangaleshkar, Singu R; Bajaj, Sunil K; Thomas, Andrew P

2002-08-01

98

Extraosseous Thoracic Foraminal Osteoblastoma: Diagnostic Dilemma and Management with 3 Year Follow-Up  

PubMed Central

Osteoblastomas are bone forming lesions arising mainly from posterior elements of the vertebra. They are commonly encountered in the cervical and lumbar regions. We present a case of a thoracic osteoblastoma which is extra osseous and is not communicating with any part of the vertebra present intraforaminally. This is a rare presentation of an osteoblastoma. Imaging studies do not accurately diagnose the osteiod lesion. The size of the lesion and cortical erosion seen on the computed tomography scan help in differentiating the osteoid osteoma and osteoblastoma, but they are less sensitive and specific. Thus a histopathology is the investigation of choice to diagnose the osteoblastoma. Early and adequate removal of mass prevents malignant transformation, metastasis, and recurrence. In our case we excised the pars interarticularis unilaterally, removed the osteoid mass intact, and performed unilateral instrumented fusion. There was no recurrence and solid fusion was seen at 3 years follow up. PMID:25346825

Hadgaonkar, Shailesh Ramakant; Shah, Kunal Chandrakant; Khurjekar, Ketan Shripad; Sancheti, Parag Kantilal

2014-01-01

99

Trevor Disease (Hemimelic Epiphyseal Displasia): 12-year Follow-up Case Report and Literature Review  

PubMed Central

Trevor disease or hemimelic epiphyseal dysplasia is a rare skeletal developmental disorder characterized by asymmetric overgrowth of cartilage in the epiphyses. Histologically, it is an epiphysis osteochondroma. The symptom onset occurs primarily during childhood. Males are 3 times more affected than females. The most common symptom is a painless bony mass around the ankle or knee, followed by swelling, restricted range of motion and deformity. Imaging diagnosis is based on plain radiographs, computed tomography scans and magnetic resonance imaging. Treatment depends on the deformities, symptoms, location and amount of epiphysis involvement. Asymptomatic patients require no treatment. When no deformities are identified, simple mass excision is the treatment choice. If the mass causes epiphyses asymmetry, resection must be combined with osteotomies. The present study reports a case of Trevor disease in a female patient with 12-year follow-up. A general review of Trevor disease was also performed. PMID:25031921

Baumfeld, DS; Pires, RES; Macedo, BD; Abreu-e-Silva, GMD; Alves, TA; Raduan, FC; Nery, CADS

2014-01-01

100

The Essen Stroke Risk Score in One-Year Follow-Up Acute Ischemic Stroke Patients  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background and Purpose: We aimed to validate the usefulness of the Essen Stroke Risk Score (ESRS) to predict stroke recurrence in a hospital-based follow-up study. Methods: We followed up 730 consecutive patients admitted to a neurological stroke unit in Berlin, Germany, with ischemic stroke (IS) or transient ischemic attack (TIA). The mean follow-up time was 13.4 months (SD 5.9). We

Sabine Fitzek; Lutz Leistritz; Otto W. Witte; Peter U. Heuschmann; Clemens Fitzek

2011-01-01

101

Robot-assisted laparoscopic pyeloplasty: minimum 1-year follow-up  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Objectives: To evaluate the feasibility and efficacy of robotic-assisted laparoscopic pyeloplasty. Laparoscopic pyeloplasty has been shown to have a success rate comparable to that of the open surgical approach. However, the steep learning curve has hindered its acceptance into mainstream urologic practice. The introduction of robotic assistance provides advantages that have the potential to facilitate precise dissection and intracorporeal suturing. Methods: A total of 50 patients underwent robotic-assisted laparoscopic dismembered pyeloplasty. A four-trocar technique was used. Most patients were discharged home on day 1, with stent removal at 3 weeks. Patency of the ureteropelvic junction was assessed in all patients with mercaptotriglycylglycine Lasix renograms at 1, 3, 6, 9, and 12 months, then every 6 months for 1 year, and then yearly. Results: Each patient underwent a successful procedure without open conversion or transfusion. The average estimated blood loss was 40 ml. The operative time averaged 122 minutes (range 60 to 330) overall. Crossing vessels were present in 30% of the patients and were preserved in all cases. The time for the anastomosis averaged 20 minutes (range 10 to 100). Intraoperatively, no complications occurred. Postoperatively, the average hospital stay was 1.1 days. The stents were removed at an average of 20 days (range 14 to 28) postoperatively. The average follow-up was 11.7 months; at the last follow-up visit, each patient was doing well. Of the 50 patients, 48 underwent one or more renograms, demonstrating stable renal function, improved drainage, and no evidence of recurrent obstruction. Conclusions: Robotic-assisted laparoscopic pyeloplasty is a feasible technique for ureteropelvic junction reconstruction. The procedure provides a minimally invasive alternative with good short-term results.

Patel, Vipul; Thaly, Rahul; Shah, Ketul

2007-02-01

102

Cantilever Transforaminal Lumbar Interbody Fusion for Upper Lumbar Degenerative Diseases (Minimum 2 Years Follow Up)  

PubMed Central

Purpose To evaluate the clinical outcomes of cantilever transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (c-TLIF) for upper lumbar diseases. Materials and Methods Seventeen patients (11 males, 6 females; mean ± SD age: 62 ± 14 years) who underwent c-TLIF using kidney type spacers between 2002 and 2008 were retrospectively evaluated, at a mean follow-up of 44.1 ± 12.3 months (2 year minimum). The primary diseases studied were disc herniation, ossification of posterior longitudinal ligament (OPLL), degenerative scoliosis, lumbar spinal canal stenosis, spondylolisthesis, and degeneration of adjacent disc after operation. Fusion areas were L1-L2 (5 patients), L2-L3 (9 patients), L1-L3 (1 patient), and L2-L4 (2 patients). Operation time, blood loss, complications, Japanese Orthopaedic Association (JOA) score for back pain, bone union, sagittal alignment change of fusion level, and degeneration of adjacent disc were evaluated. Results JOA score improved significantly after surgery, from 12 ± 2 to 23 ± 3 points (p < 0.01). We also observed significant improvement in sagittal alignment of the fusion levels, from - 1.0 ± 7.4 to 5.2 ± 6.1 degrees (p < 0.01). Bony fusion was obtained in all cases. One patient experienced a subcutaneous infection, which was cured by irrigation. At the final follow-up, three patients showed degenerative changes in adjacent discs, and one showed corrective loss of fusion level. Conclusion c-TLIF is a safe procedure, providing satisfactory results for patients with upper lumbar degenerative diseases. PMID:21319352

Hioki, Akira; Hosoe, Hideo; Sugiyama, Seiichi; Suzuki, Naoki; Shimizu, Katsuji

2011-01-01

103

Stability of orthodontic treatment outcome: follow-up until 10 years postretention.  

PubMed

Dental casts of 1016 patients were evaluated for the long-term treatment outcome using the Peer Assessment Rating (PAR) index. The PAR index was measured at the pretreatment stage (n = 1016), directly posttreatment (n = 783), postretention (n = 942), 2 years postretention (n = 781), 5 years postretention (n = 821), and 10 years postretention (n = 564). The mean absolute change as well as the percentage of change per year (relapse) related to the postretention stage was calculated. An analysis of variance was applied to compare the mean change in the PAR between cases with and without a fixed retainer at the postretention stage and up to 10 years postretention. Drop-out analysis showed that more Class II Division 2 cases were lost to follow-up than cases of other Angle classes. The results indicate that 67% of the achieved orthodontic treatment result was maintained 10 years postretention. About half of the total relapse (as measured with the PAR index) takes place in the first 2 years after retention. All occlusal traits relapsed gradually over time but remained stable from 5 years postretention with the exception of the lower anterior contact point displacement, which showed a fast and continuous increase even exceeding the initial score. The presence of a fixed retainer had a positive effect on the PAR score. In cases with fixed retention, the relapse was 3.6 PAR points less at 5 years postretention and 4.6 points less at 10 years postretention. The results of this type of studies enable clinicians to inform their patients about treatment limitations in order to better meet their expectations. PMID:10066979

Al Yami, E A; Kuijpers-Jagtman, A M; van 't Hof, M A

1999-03-01

104

Endstage arthritis following tibia plateau fractures: average 10-year follow-up  

PubMed Central

Background Patients with tibial plateau fractures are believed to have an increased risk for posttraumatic arthritis that may require reconstructive surgery. The incidence of this problem is, however, unknown. We sought to determine the average 10-year incidence of posttraumatic arthritis necessitating reconstructive surgery following tibia plateau fractures. Methods We used data from our orthopedic trauma database to identify patients with operatively treated tibia plateau fractures. Their cases were cross-referenced with the data from our province’s administrative health database and tracked over time for the performance of reconstructive knee surgery. The average follow-up was 10 years. Results There were 311 tibial plateau fractures treated at our institution between 1987 and 1994. The 10-year Kaplan–Meier survival analysis for the primary outcome of endstage arthritis was 96%. Analysis of the secondary outcome measure, specifically surgeries for what was thought to be “minor arthritis,” revealed a 10-year Kaplan–Meier survival of 87%. Conclusion Our findings may be used to counsel patients who require surgical treatment of tibia plateau fractures about the long-term risk of requiring reconstructive knee surgery for endstage arthritis in the knee. PMID:22269220

Mehin, Ramin; O’Brien, Peter; Broekhuyse, Henry; Blachut, Piotr; Guy, Pierre

2012-01-01

105

[10-year-follow-up of patients with silent Cohn type 1 myocardial ischemia].  

PubMed

Prevalence of type 1 silent myocardial ischemia (SMI; completely asymptomatic patients) is reported to appear 2 to 4% of the general population. The prognosis of these patients is said to be similar to that of patients with angina pectoris. Our study investigated a 10-year follow up of silent myocardial ischemia detected by bicycle exercise testing in comparison to a comparable control group. 10 years later 127 patients were reinvestigated by bicycle ergometry, 33 patients out of the SMI-group (group A) and 84 patients out of the control group (group B). Mean age in group A was 62 +/- 7 years (range 42 to 71 years), in group B 56 +/- 7 years (range 29 to 69 years). After 10 years there was no statistical significant difference between the 2 groups on using beta-blockers, calciumchannel-blockers and nitrates, on arterial hypertension, diabetes mellitus, smoking history and positive family-history as well as in total cholesterol, HDL- and LDL-cholesterol, triglycerides, blood glucose and uric acid. 1 patient of A and 2 of B died from a sudden cardiac death, 2 of A and 7 of B survived a myocardial infarction, 11 of A and 11 of B developed angina pectoris (p < 0.05). A statistical significant difference was found in the ergometric working capacity (maximal workload in Watt) between the 2 groups (p < 0.001) that did not change over the 10 years, the control group worked better in both investigations. SMI type 1, detected by bicycle ergometry seems to be only a risk factor for developing "loud ischemia" (= angina pectoris) but not for "hard events". A routine screening of completely asymptomatic persons with bicycle ergometry seems to have no prognostic relevance. PMID:7701926

Fruhwald, F M; Eber, B; Toplak, H; Fruhwald, S M; Dusleag, J; Pätzold, D; Harnoncourt, K; Klein, W

1994-01-01

106

Relationships between Reading, Phonological Skills and Language Development in Individuals With Down Syndrome: A Five Year Follow-Up Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Details language, memory, and reading information gathered for a five year follow up study of 30 children and adolescents with Down syndrome. Concludes that early learning skills may be significant predictors of mean length of utterance five years later. (PM)

Laws, Glynis; Gunn, Deborah

2002-01-01

107

Consequences of Mild Stroke in Persons <75 Years – A 1Year Follow-Up  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background and Purpose: Mild strokes can be neglected regarding subtle sequels as fatigue, and cognitive and emotional changes. We have addressed this topic by exploring late consequences of an initially mild stroke (Barthel score ?50). Accordingly, we assayed impairment, disability and handicap data 1 year after the first-ever stroke in persons <75 years, focusing on symptoms as fatigue, concentration difficulties,

Gunnel E. Carlsson; Anders Möller; Christian Blomstrand

2003-01-01

108

Five-year clinical and angiographic follow-up after intracoronary iridium-192 radiation therapy  

SciTech Connect

Background: Ionizing gamma radiation has been shown to reduce neointimal formation and the incidence of restenosis after balloon angioplasty and stenting in clinical trials. However, the long-term effects of this therapy are unknown. The first cohort of patients to receive intracoronary gamma radiation after balloon angioplasty for the prevention of restenosis have completed a 5-year angiographic and clinical follow-up. The outcome of these patients is presented and discussed. Methods: Twenty-one patients with unstable angina (22 arteries) underwent standard balloon angioplasty. Intracoronary radiation therapy was performed immediately after the intervention using an Iridium-192 source wire hand-delivered to the angioplasty site. All patients were followed clinically and Quantitative Coronary Analysis (QCA) was performed at 6, 24, 36 and 60 months. Results: Target lesion revascularization occurred in six lesions, three of which were total occlusions (two early within 30 days and one occurred at 2 years), and one patient had a myocardial infarction attributable to a nontarget vessel. Serial QCA detected a binary restenosis rate of 28.6% (n=6) at 6 months. The late loss (0.29 mm) and loss index (0.25) remained low at 2, 3 and 5 years. Angiographic complications included four aneurysms (two procedure related and two occurring within 3 months). At 2 years, only one aneurysm increased in size (46 vs. 27 mm{sup 2}); and at 3 and 5 years, all aneurysms remained unchanged. No other angiographic complications were observed. Conclusion: The early clinical and angiographic effects of intracoronary gamma radiation were maintained at 5 years without further increase in the aneurysm formation or apparent new adverse effects related to the radiation therapy between 2 and 5 years.

Condado, Jose A.; Waksman, Ron; Saucedo, Jorge F.; Bhargava, Balram; Lansky, Alexandra J.; Calderas, Carlos; Gurdiel, Orlando; Gonzalez, Juan; Fadoul, Merche; Parra, Bogart; Iturria, Isabel; Amezaga, Bingen

2002-06-01

109

CLINICAL OUTCOMES OF LABORATORY-OBSERVED PRESCHOOL BEHAVIORAL DISINHIBITION AT FIVE-YEAR FOLLOW-UP  

PubMed Central

Objective “Behavioral disinhibition” refers to a temperamental tendency to exhibit boldness, approach, and spontaneity in unfamiliar situations. We previously found it to be associated with childhood disruptive behavior and mood disorders as well as with parental bipolar disorder. In the present study, our objective was to examine the diagnostic outcome in middle childhood of behavioral disinhibition assessed at preschool-age among offspring at risk for anxiety and mood disorders. Method The sample consisted of 284 children including offspring of parents with panic disorder or major depression and comparison offspring of parents without these disorders, who had been assessed with laboratory observations of temperament at ages 21 months-6 years. We reassessed 215 of the children (77%) at 5-year follow-up (mean age 9.6 years) with structured diagnostic interviews. Results Compared with non-inhibited, non-disinhibited controls, behaviorally disinhibited children had higher lifetime rates of comorbid mood plus disruptive behavior disorders, and higher current rates of any disruptive behavior disorder and of oppositional defiant disorder. Conclusion Behavioral disinhibition appears to be a temperamental antecedent of disruptive behavior disorders and their comorbidity with mood disorders in middle childhood, which may be targeted for preventive intervention. PMID:17306774

Hirshfeld-Becker, Dina R.; Biederman, Joseph; Henin, Aude; Faraone, Stephen V.; Micco, Jamie A.; van Grondelle, Anne; Henry, Brianne; Rosenbaum, Jerrold F.

2007-01-01

110

Canaloplasty in Open-Angle Glaucoma Surgery: A Four-Year Follow-Up  

PubMed Central

Canaloplasty is a new nonperforating surgical technique for open-angle glaucoma, in which a microcatheter is inserted within Schlemm's canal for the entire 360 degrees. A 10-0 prolene suture, which is tied to the distal tip of the microcatheter, is then positioned and left tensioned in Schlemm's canal, thus facilitating aqueous outflow through natural pathways. A small amount of viscoelastic agent is delivered in Schlemm's canal while the catheter is withdrawn. The mid-term results are very promising. Based on our cohort of 214 patients, the percentages of eyes that obtained postoperative IOP ? 21?mmHg, ?18?mmHg, and ?16?mmHg with or without medical therapy after 2 and 3 years were 88.7%, 73.7%, and 46.2% (2 years); 86.2%, 58.6%, and 37.9% (3 years), respectively. The most frequent complications observed included hyphema; descemet membrane detachment; IOP spikes; and hypotony. The advantages of canaloplasty over trabeculectomy include (1) no subconjunctival bleb; (2) no need for antimetabolites; (3) fewer postoperative complications; and (4) a simplified follow-up. The disadvantages include the following: (1) a long and rather steep surgical learning curve; (2) the need of specific instruments; (3) average postoperative IOP levels tend not to be very low; and (4) impossibility to perform the entire procedure in some cases. PMID:24574892

2014-01-01

111

Radio-frequency ablation of small renal tumors: minimum follow up of 1 year  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

OBJECTIVE: With the increased utility of complex imaging modalities small renal tumors are being diagnosed with rising frequency. We performed radiofrequency ablation to treat tumors less than 4cm in size using a combination of temperature, impedance, ultrasound and laparoscopic guidance. In this article we reviewed the outcome of radiofrequency ablation of renal tumors at one year at our institution. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Over a three-year period 75 patients with a total of 93 renal tumors underwent radiofrequency ablation. Average patient age was 64.5 years with ASA of 2.9. Indications for nephron sparing were imperative in 33 (solitary kidney 21, renal insufficiency 12). Seventeen patients had significant co-morbidities with ASA score of 3 or more and were thought to be poor candidates for nephrectomy or partial nephrectomy. Five were Jehovah's Witness patients. Average tumor size was 3.2 cm (1.5-4.0). 60% of the tumors were exophytic and 40% deep. Radiofrequency ablation was performed via a transperitoneal approach using the single pronged 3cm Cool tip electrode (Radionics Inc). Tumor was isolated laparoscopically. Prior to ablation the lesions were biopsied. Ablation was performed using both laparoscopic and real-time ultrasound imaging of the boarders of the tumor. During ablation impedance and temperature monitoring was performed. For each tumor two separate ablations were performed at perpendicular angles, the first ablation was for 6 minutes and the second for 3 minutes. The center and periphery of the tumor was monitored to insure that the temperature rose above 70 degrees Celsius. Patients were followed at three-month intervals with triple phase CT scan or MRI to evaluate efficacy of the ablation. Our criteria for recurrent tumor were growth or enhancement of the lesion. RESULTS: Average operative time was 109 minutes with and average EBL of <25cc. Mean hospital stay was 1.4 days. At average follow up of 19.2 months (range 2-24), one lesion showed evidence of tumor recurrence which was corrected surgically. Two masses did show some mild enhancement on CT 6 months post operatively, biopsies showed no evidence of tumor with fibrosis. Of the patients with follow up of greater than 12 months 75% had decreasing size of the lesion, 25% had no change in size. No complications were seen. CONCLUSIONS: Radiofrequency ablation of renal tumors is a feasible alternative for patients that have imperative indication for nephron sparing surgery or those that have significant co-morbidities. The procedure is expedient, efficacious and carries minimal morbidity. It is of extreme importance to follow these patients closely with imaging of the lesion on a frequent basis.

Patel, Vipul; Thaly, Rahul; Shah, Ketul

2007-02-01

112

Brazilian hepatitis B vaccine: a six-year follow-up in adolescents.  

PubMed

The protective anti-HBs titres were examined six-year post-immunisation with the Brazilian recombinant hepatitis B vaccine. After the primary vaccination, all adolescents (n = 89) responded with protective anti-HBs titres and had a geometric mean titre (GMT) of 4031.8 mIU/mL. In 2010, 94.5% maintained protective anti-HBs (> 10 mIU/mL) antibodies, with a GMT of 236.0 mIU/mL. A positive correlation was observed between the anti-HBs titres after the primary vaccination and the titres at the six-year follow-up (p < 0.01). Eleven subjects showed anti-HBs titres suggestive of a natural booster. Prostitution and tattoos/piercings were marginally associated with natural boosters in the multivariate analysis. This study showed the first data on anti-HBs persistence following the Brazilian hepatitis B vaccine in sexually active individuals and highlights its effectiveness in the medium term. PMID:23295759

Alexandre, Kamilla Vêncio Frauzino; Martins, Regina Maria Bringel; Souza, Márcia Maria de; Rodrigues, Isolina Maria Xavier; Teles, Sheila Araujo

2012-12-01

113

The course of myocardial hypertrophy in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. Results of a 10-year follow-up.  

PubMed

Sixty-nine patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy were followed up for a minimum period of 10 years, with detailed quantitation of myocardial hypertrophy using two-dimensional echocardiography at a two-year interval. The parameters determined included maximum myocardial wall thickness, mean myocardial wall thickness (defined as the arithmetic mean of myocardial wall thickness values measured in ten areas of approximately the same size the LV and septal myocardium had been divided into), and the extent of hypertrophy (percentage of the myocardium affected by hypertrophy). Other echocardiographic parameters as well as clinical, ECG and Holter data were also assessed. Seven patients (10%) showed a gradual increase in mean myocardial wall thickness (associated with an increase in maximum myocardial wall thickness and in the extent of hypertrophy in two). By contrast, a progressive decrease in hypertrophy was observed in six patients (9%). In either case, the observed changes tended to involve areas in segments outside the zone of maximum wall thickness. Generally, the changes in hypertrophy were not related to the development of clinical or Holter manifestations, and were unaffected by verapamil or beta-blocker therapy. There was no death among these patients unlike the five deaths in a group with stationary hypertrophy. Based on their results, the authors conclude that changes in myocardial hypertrophy (regardless of whether there is progression or regression) probably make part of natural variations in the course of the disease, and have no clinical or prognostic implications for the majority of patients. PMID:8348815

Gregor, P; Widimský, P

1993-01-01

114

Nucleoplasty in the Treatment of Lumbar Diskogenic Back Pain: One Year Follow-Up  

SciTech Connect

Purpose. The spine is an important source of pain and disability, affecting two thirds of adults at some time in their lives. Treatment in these patients is mainly conservative medical management, based on medication, physical therapy, behavioral management, and psychotherapy, surgery being limited to elective cases with neurologic deficits. This study was carried out to evaluate the efficacy of percutaneous nucleoplasty in patients affected by painful diskal protrusions and contained herniations. Methods. From February 2004 to October 2005, 72 patients (48 men, 24 women; mean age 48 years) affected by lumbar disk herniation were treated with nucleoplasty coblation. All patients were evaluated clinically and with radiography and MRI in order to confirm the presence of lumbalgic and/or sciatalgic pain, in the absence of major neurologic deficit and with lack of response after 6 weeks of conservative management. Results. Average preprocedural pain level for all patients was 8.2 (on a visual analog scale of 1 to 10), while the average pain level at 12 months follow-up was 4.1. At the 1 year evaluation, 79% of patients demonstrated a statistically significant improvement in numeric pain scores (p < 0.01): 17% (12 patients) were completely satisfied with complete resolution of symptoms, and 62% (43 patients) obtained a good result. Conclusion. Our data indicate that nucleoplasty coblation is a promising treatment option for patients with symptomatic disk protrusion and herniation who present with lumbalgic and/or sciatalgic pain, have failed conservative therapies, and are not considered candidates for open surgery.

Masala, Salvatore, E-mail: salva.masala@tiscali.it; Massari, Francesco; Fabiano, Sebastiano; Ursone, Antonio; Fiori, Roberto [University of Rome 'Tor Vergata', Department of Diagnostic Imaging and Interventional Radiology (Italy); Pastore, Francesco [University of Rome 'Tor Vergata', Department of Neurosurgery (Italy); Simonetti, Giovanni [University of Rome 'Tor Vergata', Department of Diagnostic Imaging and Interventional Radiology (Italy)

2007-06-15

115

Twenty-year follow-up of the Hancock modified orifice porcine aortic valve  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background. The entire experience with the Hancock modified orifice porcine bioprosthetic aortic valve from 1976 to 1996 at the Brigham and Women’s Hospital has been reviewed. Eight hundred forty-three patients received this valve with a total follow-up of 61,114 months, and a mean follow-up of approximately 72.5 months. There were 490 men and 353 women, and the predominate lesion was

Lawrence H Cohn; John J Collins; Robert J Rizzo; David H Adams; Gregory S Couper; Sary F Aranki

1998-01-01

116

[Percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy: a 7 years experience long-term tube feeding. Follow-up].  

PubMed

Percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) is the first choice method for long-term enteral feeding when the digestive tube is undamaged and the patients' survival is longer than 2 months. There are increasing series and indications reported and although it is a safe technique we should take into account an appropriate patient selection. The aim of this work was to analyze the follow-up of the patients undergoing percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) at a hospital with high assistance level and one of the referents for organ transplantation in our community, with the peculiarities that this may have on our series. We analyze a cohort of 73 patients submitted to PEG during the years 2000-2007 at the Reina Sofía Hospital of Córdoba. Neurological and ENT neoplasms and upper GI tract neoplasms are among the most frequent causes, with similar results to those reported in other series. We highlight the number of young patients with cystic fibrosis (CF) in our series with nutritional support through PEG complementing oral and nocturnal feeding, which has lead to improved nutritional parameters before lung transplant. In consequence, we therefore analyze patients' selection and their characteristics, the ethical and moral implications in some of these patients, such in neurological patients, their complications, mortality, and we mention as being of interest the transient and well tolerated indication in a subgroup of CF patients that deserves special mention. PMID:21666980

Rodríguez Ortega, P; Calañas Continente, A; Molina Puertas, M J; Gutiérrez Alcántara, C; Benito López, P; Lavado Hernández, R

2011-01-01

117

Complications of Aortic Stenting in Patients below 20 Years Old: Immediate and Intermediate Follow-Up  

PubMed Central

Background: Optimal timing and mode of treatment for patients with coarctation of the aorta (COA) remain controversial, particularly in children. Surgery, balloon dilatation, and stent implantation have all proven effective in the treatment of moderate or severe obstruction. The aim of this study was to investigate the complications of COA stenting angioplasty in pediatric patients. Methods: This retrospective, descriptive study was conducted on patients less than 20 years of age who underwent aortic stenting angioplasty because of congenital COA in the pediatric catheterization laboratory of Rajaie cardiovascular, medical and research Center, Tehran between 2005 and 2010. Results: A total of 26 patients (18 [65.4%] males and 9 [34.6%] females) with congenital COA who had undergone aortic stenting angioplasty were recruited. Nineteen (73.1%) of these patients had native COA and 7 (26.9%) had recurrent COA. Most of the early complications were minor and temporary; only one patient developed early major complications. During the follow-up, whereas none of the native group patients developed late complications, in the re-COA group 28.57% of the patients had re-stenosis and 14.28% had chronic systemic hypertension, requiring drug therapy. Conclusion: Our investigation into post-stenting complications in patients with native COA and re-COA showed that endovascular stenting could be an effective and safe method, even in young patients with native COA. PMID:23074369

Molaei, Akbar; Merajie, Mahmood; Mortezaeian, Hodjjat; Malakan Rad, Elaheh; Haji Heidar Shemirani, Rahele

2011-01-01

118

Surgical treatment of spondylodiscitis in the cervical spine: a minimum 2-year follow-up.  

PubMed

Cervical spine spondylodiscitis is a rare, but serious manifestation of spinal infection. We present a retrospective study of 20 consecutive patients between 01/1994 and 12/1999 treated because of cervical spondylodiscitis. Mean age at the time of treatment was 59.7 (range 34-81) years, nine of them female. In all cases, diagnosis had been established with a delay. All patients in this series underwent surgery such as radical debridement, decompression if necessary, autologous bone grafting and instrumentation. Surgery was indicated if a neurological deficit, symptoms of sepsis, epidural abscess formation with consecutive stenosis, instability or severe deformity were present. Postoperative antibiotic therapy was carried out for 8-12 weeks. Follow-up examinations were performed a mean of 37 (range 24-63) months after surgery. Healing of the inflammation was confirmed in all cases by laboratory, clinical and radiological parameters. Spondylodesis was controlled radiologically and could be achieved in all cases. One case showed a 15 degrees kyphotic angle in the proximal adjacent segment. Spontaneous bony bridging of the proximal adjacent segment was observed in one patient. In the other cases the adjacent segments radiologically showed neither fusion nor infection related changes. Preoperative neurological deficits improved in all cases. Residual neurological deficits persisted in three of eight cases. The results indicate that spondylodiscitis in cervical spine should be treated early and aggressive to avoid local and systemic complications. PMID:16868782

Heyde, Christoph E; Boehm, Heinrich; El Saghir, Hesham; Tschöke, Sven K; Kayser, Ralph

2006-09-01

119

Two year follow up of pulmonary function values among welders in New Zealand  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVES: To examine whether welding is a risk factor for an accelerated decline in pulmonary function. METHODS: 2 Year follow up of pulmonary function and respiratory symptoms among 54 welders and 38 non- welders in eight New Zealand welding sites. RESULTS: There were no significant differences in age, height, smoking habits, ethnicity, or total time in industrial work between welders and non-welders. No overall differences were noted in the changes of pulmonary function variables between the two study groups. However, when the comparison was restricted to smokers, welders had a significantly greater (p = 0.02) annual decline (88.8 ml) in FEV1 than non-welders, who had a slight non-significant annual increase (34.2 ml). Also, welders without respiratory protection or local exhaust ventilation while welding had a greater annual decline both in forced vital capacity (FVC) and forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1) than welders with protection (p = 0.001 and 0.04, respectively). Among welders a significant association was found between the acute across shift change and the annual decline in FEV1. Chronic bronchitis was more common among welders (24%) than non-welders (5%). Only one welder (2%) but eight non- welders (21%) reported having asthma. CONCLUSIONS: Welders who smoked and welders working without local exhaust ventilation or respiratory protection have an increased risk of accelerated decline in FEV1.   PMID:10472307

Erkinjuntti-Pekka..., R.; Slater, T.; Cheng, S.; Fishwick, D.; Bradshaw, L.; Kimbell-, D; Dronfield, L.; Pearce, N.

1999-01-01

120

Transient neutropenia in children with febrile illness and associated infectious agents: 2 years' follow-up.  

PubMed

The aim of the study was to identify the relationship of acquired neutropenia with childhood infections and to assess its clinical course, complications, and outcome. Children admitted to two pediatric wards over a 4-year period with febrile neutropenia were prospectively investigated for underlying infections with inflammatory markers, cultures of body fluids, and serological tests. The study included 161 previously healthy children with febrile neutropenia/leukopenia aged (mean?±?SD) 3.02?±?3.86 years (range, 0.1-14). One hundred and thirty-six out of 161 patients (84.5 %) had transient neutropenia (TN), while in 25 patients, neutropenia was chronic (CN) and persisted for ?180 days. An infectious agent was isolated in 98/161 (60.9 %) cases, in 68.4 % patients with TN, and in 20 % of those with CN (p?=?0.001). Among the patients with CN, seven had positive antineutrophil antibodies (autoimmune neutropenia) and four were eventually diagnosed with hematological malignancy. In all age groups, TN was of short duration (<1 month), of mild to moderate severity, and was predominantly associated with viral infections. Two years after diagnosis, 143/161 children (88.8 %) were available for follow-up. One hundred and thirty-seven of 143 (95.8 %) had recovered completely, while the rest remained neutropenic. The latter patients had a benign course despite severe neutropenia. In conclusion, febrile neutropenia during childhood is usually transient, often following viral and common bacterial infections, without serious complications and in the majority of cases it resolves spontaneously. However, in a considerable percentage of patients, neutropenia is discovered incidentally during the course of an infection on the ground of an underlying hematological disease. PMID:23408310

Alexandropoulou, Ourania; Kossiva, Lydia; Haliotis, Fotis; Giannaki, Maria; Tsolia, Maria; Panagiotou, I P; Karavanaki, Kyriaki

2013-06-01

121

Lung function in adult idiopathic scoliosis: a 20 year follow up.  

PubMed Central

Severe idiopathic scoliosis may lead to respiratory failure, which can be treated by assisted ventilation. Twenty four patients with surgically untreated idiopathic scoliosis who had been examined in 1968 were re-examined in 1988 to assess changes in lung function and risk factors for respiratory failure. The patients were aged 15-67 years in 1968 and had a scoliotic angle of 10-190 degrees and a vital capacity of 1.0-6.0 litres. Spirometric values and scoliotic angles were determined in 1968 and 1988, and arterial blood gas tensions in 1988. The decline in spirometric values over the 20 years was of the same magnitude as the predicted decline due to aging. Arterial blood gas tensions in 1988 were strongly correlated with the scoliotic angles and spirometric indices recorded in 1968. Hypoxaemia and hypercapnia was seen in four patients in 1988 (then aged 43-67 years) and these were the four patients who had a vital capacity below 43% predicted in 1968. The remaining 20 patients had blood gas values within normal limits. Two further patients had died from respiratory failure before 1988, so a total of six patients had developed respiratory failure. In a multiple logistic analysis vital capacity expressed as % predicted in 1968 was the strongest predictor of the development of respiratory failure, followed by the scoliotic angle. Respiratory failure occurred only in patients who had a vital capacity below 45% predicted in 1968 and an angle greater than 110 degrees. Thus respiratory failure develops in adults with scoliosis with a large angle and a low vital capacity when normal aging reduces the ventilatory capacity further. Such individuals merit close follow up. PMID:1877034

Pehrsson, K; Bake, B; Larsson, S; Nachemson, A

1991-01-01

122

Influence of college peers on disordered eating in women and men at 10-year follow-up.  

PubMed

Research supports both concurrent and prospective associations between peer behaviors and disordered eating levels in late adolescent and young adult men and women. However, no study has examined peer influence after a follow-up duration over which peer groups change dramatically. This study examined how college roommates' dieting predicted disordered eating levels in women (n = 566) and men (n = 233) at 10-year follow-up. For women, college roommates' dieting significantly predicted Eating Disorder Inventory Drive for Thinness and Bulimia scores and purging at 10-year follow-up. Findings highlight the potential for school-based, peer-led interventions to have long-term benefits in women. PMID:23025666

Keel, Pamela K; Forney, K Jean; Brown, Tiffany A; Heatherton, Todd F

2013-02-01

123

Influence of College Peers on Disordered Eating in Women and Men at 10-Year Follow-up  

PubMed Central

Research supports both concurrent and prospective associations between peer behaviors and disordered eating levels in late adolescent and young adult men and women. However, no study has examined peer influence after a follow-up duration over which peer groups change dramatically. This study examined how college roommates’ dieting predicted disordered eating levels in women (n=566) and men (n=233) at 10-year follow-up. For women, college roommate dieting significantly predicted Drive for Thinness, Bulimia scores, and purging at 10-year follow-up. Findings highlight the potential for school-based, peer-led interventions to have long-term benefits in women. PMID:23025666

Keel, Pamela K.; Forney, K. Jean; Brown, Tiffany A.; Heatherton, Todd F.

2013-01-01

124

Adherence to Antiretroviral Therapy in Jinja, Uganda: A Six-Year Follow-Up Study  

PubMed Central

Introduction We report on the adherence experience of a group of people living with HIV on ART over six years in Uganda. Methods Between 2005 and 2009, we followed up 41 participants who were also part of a clinical trial comparing home and facility based delivery of ART in Jinja, eastern Uganda. We conducted qualitative in-depth interviews at enrolment, 3, 6, 18 and 30 months to capture experiences with adherence over time. In 2011 we returned to these participants to find out how they were fairing with long term adherence. We managed to retrace 24 participants and interviewed them about their experience. We thematically analysed the data and compared findings over time. Results Initially there were few barriers to adherence and many followed the adherence guidance closely. By year six, relaxation of these rules was noticeable although self-reported adherence continued to be high. Alcohol consumption was more common than before. Some relatives of the participants who had died claimed that some deaths were a result of alcohol. While participants reported that ART had allowed them to reclaim independence and return to work the changes in work and social routines created new challenges for adherence. Side effects like lipodystrophy were not only causing some stigma but for some tested their faith in the drugs. Many participants reported resumption of sexual lives but apart from those who selected same status partners, disclosure to new partners was minimal. Conclusion Good adherence practice to ART wanes over the long-term, and people who may have disclosed at initiation find it difficult to do so to new partners once they are healthy. Further adherence interventions and support with disclosure over the course of therapy may need to be considered. (Words: 283) PMID:24147126

Mbonye, Martin; Seeley, Janet; Ssembajja, Fatuma; Birungi, Josephine; Jaffar, Shabbar

2013-01-01

125

Work, Diabetes and Obesity: A Seven Year Follow-Up Study among Danish Health Care Workers  

PubMed Central

Objectives The rise in prevalence of diabetes is alarming and research ascribes most of the increase to lifestyle. However, little knowledge exists about the influence of occupational factors on the risk for developing diabetes. This study estimates the importance of work and lifestyle as risk factors for developing diabetes mellitus among healthcare workers and explores the association of work factors and obesity, which is a risk factor for diabetes. Methods Questionnaire-based prospective cohort study among 7,305 health care workers followed for seven years in the Danish National Diabetes Register. We used bivariate comparisons to give an unadjusted estimate of associations, followed by adjusted survival analysis and logistic regression models to estimate the influences of potential risk factors related to job, health and lifestyle on diabetes and obesity. Results During seven years of follow up, 3.5% of participants developed diabetes, associated with obesity (HR ?=? 6.53; 95% CI 4.68–9.10), overweight (HR ?=? 2.89; CI 2.11–3.96) age 50–69 y (HR ?=? 2.27; 95% CI 1.57–3.43) and high quality of leadership (HR ?=? 1.60; CI 1.19–2.16). Obesity at baseline was most common among the youngest employees, and was mainly associated with developing diabetes (OR ?=? 3.84; CI 2.85–5.17), impaired physical capacity and physical inactivity. In the occupational setting, obesity was associated with shift work, severe musculoskeletal pain, low influence, but also by good management, fewer role conflicts and a positive work-life balance. Looking only at non-smokers, removed the influence of age and pain. However, non-smokers also had higher depression scores and more role conflicts. Conclusions Confirming obesity as the strongest risk factor for developing diabetes, the present study identified few occupational risk factors. However, obesity, the key risk factor for diabetes, had a more variable relation with work than did diabetes. PMID:25068830

Poulsen, Kjeld; Cleal, Bryan; Clausen, Thomas; Andersen, Lars L.

2014-01-01

126

Long term functioning in early onset psychosis: Two years prospective follow-up study  

PubMed Central

Background There were few studies on the outcome of schizophrenia in developing countries. Whether the outcome is similar to or different from developed world is still a point for research. The main aim of the current study was to know if patients with early onset non affective psychosis can behave and function properly after few years from start of the illness or not. Other aims included investigation of possible predictors and associated factors with remission and outcome. Method The study prospectively investigated a group of 56 patients with onset of psychosis during childhood or adolescence. Diagnosis made according to DSM-IV criteria and included; schizophrenia, psychotic disorder not otherwise specified and acute psychosis. Severity of psychosis was measured by PANSS. Measures of the outcome included; remission criteria of Andreasen et al 2005, the children's global assessment scale and educational level. Results Analysis of data was done for only 37 patients. Thirty patients diagnosed as schizophrenia and 7 with Psychotic disorder not otherwise specified. Mean duration of follow up was 38.4 +/- 16.9 months. At the end of the study, 6 patients (16.2%) had one episode, 23(62.1%) had multiple episodes and 8 (21.6%) continuous course. Nineteen patients (51.4%) achieved full remission, and only 11(29.7%) achieved their average educational level for their age. Twenty seven percent of the sample had good outcome and 24.3% had poor outcome. Factors associated with non remission and poor outcome included gradual onset, low IQ, poor premorbid adjustment, negative symptoms at onset of the illness and poor adherence to drugs. Moreover, there was tendency of negative symptoms at illness start to predict poor outcome. Conclusion Some patients with early onset non affective psychosis can behave and function properly after few years from the start of the illness. Although remission is a difficult target in childhood psychosis, it is still achievable. PMID:21801438

2011-01-01

127

Gait strategy in genetically obese patients: a 7-year follow up.  

PubMed

The aim of this study was to quantitatively evaluate the change in gait and body weight in the long term in patients with Prader-Willi Syndrome (PWS). Eight adults with PWS were evaluated at baseline and after 7 years. During this period patient participated an in- and out-patient rehabilitation programs including nutritional and adapted physical activity interventions. Two different control groups were included: the first group included 14 non-genetically obese patients (OCG: obese control group) and the second group included 10 age-matched healthy individuals (HCG: healthy control group). All groups were quantitatively assessed during walking with 3D-GA. The results at the 7-year follow-up revealed significant weight loss in the PWS group and spatial-temporal changes in gait parameters (velocity, step length and cadence). With regard to the hip joint, there were significant changes in terms of hip position, which is less flexed. Knee flexion-extension showed a reduction of flexion in swing phase and of its excursion. No changes of the ankle position were evident. As for ankle kinetics, we observed in the second session higher values for the peak of ankle power in terminal stance in comparison to the first session. No changes were found in terms of ankle kinetics. The findings demonstrated improvements associated to long-term weight loss, especially in terms of spatial-temporal parameters and at hip level. Our results back the call for early weight loss interventions during childhood, which would allow the development of motor patterns under normal body weight conditions. PMID:24763375

Cimolin, V; Vismara, L; Galli, M; Grugni, G; Cau, N; Capodaglio, P

2014-07-01

128

Cancer incidence among priests: 45 years of follow-up in four Nordic countries.  

PubMed

Previously published studies on the risk of cancer among male priests have been based on cancer mortality with the exception of one case-control study. The aim of this study was to present estimates of cancer incidence among Nordic male priests. The study cohort for our analyses consisted of 6.5 million men aged 30-64 years old who had participated in any computerised population census in four Nordic countries in 1990 or earlier. Follow-up was done by drawing linkages with the national population and cancer registries. 13,491 priests were identified by their job title codes. We estimated the standardised incidence ratio (SIR) and 95% confidence intervals (95% CI) for the priests using the male population as a reference. Priests had a lower cancer incidence than the general population (overall SIR 0.85, 95% CI: 0.82-0.88). The majority of smoking- and alcohol-related cancers were associated with decreased SIR estimates. Increased risks were observed for skin melanoma (SIR 1.34, 95% CI: 1.11-1.62), acute myeloid leukemia (SIR 1.75, 95% CI: 1.20-2.47) and thyroid cancer (SIR 1.86, 95% CI: 1.22-2.73). This is the first cohort study regarding the incidence of cancer among priests. The lower incidence of smoking and alcohol-related cancers among Nordic male priests can be explained by their lower exposure to cigarettes and alcohol when compared to the general population. A greater risk of melanoma is typical of highly-educated people, but it is unclear why priests should have an increased risk of acute myeloid leukemia or thyroid cancer. PMID:22200870

Stang, Andreas; Martinsen, Jan Ivar; Kjaerheim, Kristina; Weiderpass, Elisabete; Sparén, Pär; Tryggvadóttir, Laufey; Pukkala, Eero

2012-02-01

129

Study Factors Influencing Ventricular Enlargement in Schizophrenia: A 20 Year Follow-Up Meta-Analysis  

PubMed Central

A meta-analysis was performed on studies employing the ventricular-brain ratio to compare schizophrenic subjects to that of normal controls. This was a follow-up to a similar meta-analysis published in 1992 in which study-, in addition to clinical-, factors were found to contribute significantly to the reported difference between patients with schizophrenia and controls. Seventy-two (N=72) total studies were identified from the peer reviewed literature, 39 from the original meta-analysis, and 33 additional studies published since which met strict criteria for inclusion and analysis– thus representing ~30 years of schizophrenia ventricular enlargement research. Sample characteristics from schizophrenics and controls were coded for use as predictor variables against within sample VBR values as well as for between sample VBR differences. Additionally, a number of factors concerning how the studies were conducted and reported were also coded. Obtained data was subjected to unweighted univariate as well as multiple regression analyses. In particular, results indicated significant differences between schizophrenics and controls in ventricular size but also the influence of the diagnostic criteria used to define schizophrenia on the magnitude of the reported VBR. This suggests that differing factors of the diagnostic criteria may be sensitive to ventricular enlargement and might be worthy of further examination. Interestingly, we observed an inverse relationship between VBR difference and the number of co-authors on the study. This latter finding suggests that larger research groups report smaller VBR differences and may be more conservative or exacting in their research methodology. The diagnostic criteria used for defining schizophrenia were also predictive of between group differences. Analyses weighted by sample size provided identical conclusions. The effects of study factors such as these are helpful for understanding the variation in the size of the reported differences in VBR between patients and controls as well as for understanding the evolution of research on complex clinical syndromes employing neuroimaging morphometrics. PMID:21787868

Sayo, Angelo; Jennings, Robin G.

2012-01-01

130

Four-Year Follow-Up of Children with Low Intelligence and ADHD.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A follow-up study of 26 children (ages 5-13) with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder and low intelligence found that children identified with both characteristics have significant behavioral and emotional problems while in their early adolescence. A significant minority had problems at school and with the law. (CR)

Aman, Michael G.; And Others

1996-01-01

131

Eight-Year Follow-Up Study of Black Hawk College's Non-Traditional Degree Graduates.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

During 1980, Black Hawk Community College conducted a follow-up study of the 92 students who had graduated with an Associate in Liberal Arts (ALS) degree since 1973. The degree differs from the college's more traditional degrees in emphasizing less restrictive residency requirements, opportunities to develop a personalized course of instruction,…

Stevens, Mary A.

132

Effects of Stimulant Medication on Growth Rates across 3 Years in the MTA Follow-up  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: To evaluate the hypothesis of stimulant medication effect on physical growth in the follow-up phase of the Multimodal Treatment Study of Children With ADHD. Method: Naturalistic subgroups were established based on patterns of treatment with stimulant medication at baseline, 14-, 24-, and 36-month assessments: not medicated (n = 65),…

Swanson, James M.; Elliott, Glen R.; Greenhill, Laurence L.; Wigal, Timothy; Arnold, L. Eugene; Vitiello, Benedetto; Hechtman, Lily; Epstein, Jeffery N.; Pelham, William E.; Abikoff, Howard B.; Newcorn, Jeffrey H.; Molina, Brooke S. G.; Hinshaw, Stephen P.; Wells, Karen C.; Hoza, Betsy; Jensen, Peter S.; Gibbons, Robert D.; Hur, Kwan; Stehli, Annamarie; Davies, Mark; March, John S.; Conners, C. Keith; Caron, Mark; Volkow, Nora D.

2007-01-01

133

Prospective follow-up study lasting 2 years in patients with panic disorder with and without depressive disorders  

Microsoft Academic Search

A group of 52 patients presenting at an outpatient unit for anxiety disorders were included consecutively in a prospective 2-year follow-up study. Patients were administered to a structured interview for DSM-III-R diagnoses, a follow-up interview (LIFE), and various other ratings. Sociodemographic and illness-history characteristics, levels of anxiety and depressive symptoms, as well as psychosocial impairment, were evaluated at baseline and

Gabriele Scheibe; Margot Albus

1994-01-01

134

Slater revisited: 6 year follow up study of patients with medically unexplained motor symptoms  

PubMed Central

Objective: To investigate psychiatric and neurological morbidity, diagnostic stability, and indicators of prognosis in patients previously identified as having medically unexplained motor symptoms. Design: Follow up study. Setting: National Hospital for Neurology and Neurosurgery, London—a secondary and tertiary referral hospital for neurological disorders. Subjects: 73 patients with medically unexplained motor symptoms admitted consecutively in 1989-91. 35 (48%) patients had absence of motor function (for example, hemiplegia) and 38 (52%) had abnormal motor activity (for example, tremor, dystonia, or ataxia). Main outcome measures: Neurological clinical diagnosis at face to face reassessment by a neurologist and a psychiatric diagnosis after a standardised assessment interview—the schedule for affective disorders and schizophrenia—conducted by a psychiatrist. Results: Good follow up data were available for 64 subjects (88%). Only three subjects had new organic neurological disorders at follow up that fully or partly explained their previous symptoms. 44/59 (75%) subjects had had psychiatric disorders; in 33 (75%) patients, the psychiatric diagnosis coincided with their unexplained motor symptoms. 31/59 (45%) patients had a personality disorder. Three subjects had developed new psychiatric illnesses at follow up, but in only one did the diagnosis account for the previous motor symptoms. Resolution of physical symptoms was associated with short length of symptoms, comorbid psychiatric disorder, and a change in marital status during follow up. Conclusions: Unlike Slater’s study of 1965, a low incidence of physical or psychiatric diagnoses which explained these patients’ symptoms or disability was found. However, a high level of psychiatric comorbidity existed. Key messages Motor symptoms that remain unexplained medically despite thorough investigation are a common clinical problem, but the emergence of a subsequent organic explanation for these symptoms is rare The prevalence of coexistent affective and anxiety disorders is high and many patients also have a personality disorder Patients with a shorter duration of symptoms and coexistent anxiety or depression are likely to do better at follow up Reinvestigation of these patients is both expensive and potentially dangerous and should be avoided where no clear clinical indication exists PMID:9518908

Crimlisk, Helen L; Bhatia, Kailash; Cope, Helen; David, Anthony; Marsden, C David; Ron, Maria A

1998-01-01

135

Risk Factors for End-Stage Renal Disease: 25-Year Follow-up  

PubMed Central

Background Few cohort studies have focused on risk factors for end-stage renal disease (ESRD). This investigation evaluated the prognostic value of several potential novel risk factors for ESRD after considering established risk factors. Methods We studied 177 570 individuals from a large integrated health care delivery system in northern California who volunteered for health checkups between June 1, 1964, and August 31, 1973. Initiation of ESRD treatment was ascertained using US Renal Data System registry data through December 31, 2000. Results A total of 842 cases of ESRD were observed during 5 275 957 person-years of follow-up. This comprehensive evaluation confirmed the importance of established risk factors, including the following: male sex, older age, proteinuria, diabetes mellitus, lower educational attainment, and African American race, as well as higher blood pressure, body mass index, and serum creatinine level. The 2 most potent risk factors were proteinuria and excess weight. For proteinuria, the adjusted hazard ratios (HRs) were 7.90 (95% confidence interval [CI], 5.35–11.67) for 3 to 4+ on urine dipstick, 3.59 (2.82–4.57) for 1 to 2+ on urine dipstick, and 2.37 (1.79–3.14) for trace vs negative on urine dipstick. For excess weight, the HRs were 4.39 (95% CI, 3.38–5.70) for class 2 to class 3 obesity, 3.11 (2.51–3.84) for class 1 obesity, and 1.65 (1.39–1.97) for overweight vs normal weight. Furthermore, several independent novel risk factors for ESRD were identified, including lower hemoglobin level (1.33 [1.08–1.63] for lowest vs highest quartile), higher serum uric acid level (2.14 [1.65–2.77] for highest vs lowest quartile), self-reported history of nocturia (1.36 [1.17–1.58]), and family history of kidney disease (HR, 1.40 [95% CI, 1.02–1.90]). Conclusions We confirmed the importance of established ESRD risk factors in this large cohort with broad sex and racial/ethnic representation. Lower hemoglobin level, higher serum uric acid level, self-reported history of nocturia, and family history of kidney disease are independent risk factors for ESRD. PMID:19237717

Hsu, Chi-yuan; Iribarren, Carlos; McCulloch, Charles E.; Darbinian, Jeanne; Go, Alan S.

2009-01-01

136

Four years follow-up after clavicle reconstruction in a child: a case report.  

PubMed

Clavicle reconstruction is a rare operation. In most cases a mid-shaft defect of the clavicle is bridged by using different grafting techniques or musculo-osteous flaps. In some clinical situations where reconstruction is not a suitable option claviculectomy as a salvation procedure has proven to be an acceptable solution. In the paediatric population the challenge of both the cosmetic and the functional result attempting reconstruction of large bone defects is of higher demand. To our knowledge, this is the first case of a successful clavicle reconstruction with a sufficient follow-up using a free vascularised fibula graft in a child. This case provides a technique description, considerations in the paediatric population, an overview of other techniques used, and a long-term follow-up. PMID:25201718

Heidt, Christoph; Ziebarth, Kai; Erni, Dominique; Slongo, Theddy; Joeris, Alexander

2014-12-01

137

Ten to 14Year Follow-up of the Nirschl Surgical Technique for Lateral Epicondylitis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: Good to excellent short-term results have been reported for the surgical treatment of lateral epicondylitis using various surgical techniques.Hypothesis: Surgical treatment for lateral epicondylitis using the mini-open Nirschl surgical technique will lead to durable results at long-term follow-up.Study Design: Case series; Level of evidence, 4.Methods: Records from 139 consecutive surgical procedures (130 patients) for lateral epicondylitis performed by 1

Jonathan H. Dunn; John J. Kim; Lonnie Davis; Robert P. Nirschl

2008-01-01

138

Arthroscopic collagen meniscus implant results at 6 to 8 years follow up  

Microsoft Academic Search

Meniscal substitution is a fundamental procedure to prevent osteoarthritis of the knee after massive meniscectomy. Stone,\\u000a Steadman and Rodkey have developed a bioreadsorbable collagen matrix (CMI) which acts as a scaffold to restore the original\\u000a medial meniscal. The objective of this study was to prospectively evaluate the results of CMI implantation at a follow up\\u000a from a minimum of 6

Stefano Zaffagnini; Giovanni Giordano; Alberto Vascellari; Danilo Bruni; Maria Pia Neri; Francesco Iacono; Elizaveta Kon; Mirco Lo Presti; Maurilio Marcacci

2007-01-01

139

Heroin addicts and methadone treatment in Albuquerque: a 22-year follow-up  

Microsoft Academic Search

All heroin addicts who registered for methadone treatment in Albuquerque in 1969–1971, 1019 in all, were the subjects of this follow-up study, conducted in 1991–1993. The cohort was almost entirely of Hispanic (Chicano) ethnicity, 86% male, with median age 27 at entry. We located 776, dead or alive, and we were able to interview 243 concerning many aspects of their

Avram Goldstein; James Herrera

1995-01-01

140

Symptomatic improvement in uterine myomas after MRgFUS: 4 year follow up  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Objective: To assess the long-term improvement in symptoms after magnetic resonance-guided focused ultrasound surgery (MRgFUS) for uterine myomas. Methods: Japanese women with symptomatic myomas underwent MRgFUS using the ExAblate 2000 system. The symptom severity score (SSS) was examined before and after the treatment at 3, 6, 12, 24, and 48 months. Simultaneously, we asked the patients' satisfaction level regarding the overall change of subjective symptoms: symptom free, improved a great deal, improved to some extent, no change, or worsened. The myoma volumes were measured at 6, 12, 24, 36 and 48 months after MRgFUS. Results: No severe adverse event occurred with any of the patients. The mean SSS value before treatment was 38.3±21.5 (n = 106), which diminished significantly during follow-up for 3-48 months after treatment. Patients' satisfaction level was favorable, although the response rate was low. Over 80% of the patients replied that their symptoms were improved to at least some extent, and over 50% of the patients replied that their symptoms were improved a great deal. This trend continued throughout this follow up period. The mean myoma volume was also decreased from the pretreatment volume in this follow up period. Conclusion: MRgFUS is an effective and safe method for treating symptomatic uterine myomas. Long-term symptomatic improvement is promising.

Funaki, Kaoru; Fukunishi, Hidenobu

2011-09-01

141

Unrestricted fruits and vegetables in the PKU diet: a 1-year follow-up.  

PubMed

Phenylketonuria (PKU) therapy demands phenylalanine (Phe) calculation. In most countries, almost all food is taken into account, even fruits and vegetables. We investigated whether unrestricted consumption of fruits and vegetables negatively influences metabolic control. Nineteen PKU children (2-10 years) started with 2 weeks of free or restricted fruit and vegetable intake. After 2 weeks, the regime changed from free to restricted or restricted to free (cross-over design). Over the first 4 weeks, dried blood Phe concentration was measured, fruit and vegetable consumption recorded and nutrient intake calculated from diet records. Thereafter the diet was changed to free use of fruits and vegetables for all patients. Six and 12 months later, diet and Phe concentrations were monitored. Median Phe intake increased significantly by 65 mg/day (week 4, P<0.001), 68 mg/day (month 6, P<0.001) and 70 mg/day (month 12, P<0.001). Dried blood Phe concentrations remained stable (P=0.894), as did the frequency of Phe concentrations above the recommended range (P=0.592). In conclusion, PKU diet liberalization for fruits and vegetables seems unproblematic. PMID:24398645

Rohde, C; Mütze, U; Schulz, S; Thiele, A G; Ceglarek, U; Thiery, J; Mueller, A S; Kiess, W; Beblo, S

2014-03-01

142

Papillary thyroid carcinoma: a 10 year follow-up report of the impact of therapy in 576 patients  

Microsoft Academic Search

Data from 576 patients with papillary thyroid cancer were retrospectively analyzed. With a median follow-up of 10 years and three months, there were six deaths from, and 84 recurrences of, thyroid cancer. Of the latter, 16 (19 percent) could not be eradicated. Death from thyroid cancer occurred only in those 30 years of age or over at the time of

Ernest L. Mazzaferri; Robert L. Young

1981-01-01

143

Over twenty-year follow-up of the standard Hancock porcine bioprosthesis implanted in the mitral position  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background. To define the long-term results of 331 standard Hancock porcine bioprostheses implanted in the mitral position between 1973 and 1980.Methods. Of 331 patients (225 male patients, 68%), mean age 49 ± 10 years (range 14 to 69 years), 88% were in New York Heart Association functional class III or IV and 77% were in atrial fibrillation. Follow-up time extended

Francesco Santini; Giovanni Battista Luciani; Stefano Restivo; Gianluca Casali; Renzo Pessotto; Paolo Bertolini; Andrea Rossi; Alessandro Mazzucco

2001-01-01

144

Minimal 11-year follow-up of extensively porous-coated stems in femoral revision total hip arthroplasty  

Microsoft Academic Search

Between 1984 and 1989, 188 consecutive femoral revision surgeries were performed. Eighteen patients died or were lost to follow-up, and the remaining 170 patients were followed for 11 to 16 years (mean, 14.2 years). Radiographic evidence of a bone ingrown stem was present in 82% of the hips, stable fibrous fixation was present in 14% of the hips, and 4%

Steven H. Weeden; Wayne G. Paprosky

2002-01-01

145

A Screening Instrument for Autism at 18 Months of Age: A 6Year Follow-up Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

ObjectivesA population of 16,235 children aged 18 months was screened using the Checklist for Autism in Toddlers (CHAT) to identify childhood autism (CA). Two further screening procedures were conducted at age 3 and 5 years. The population was followed up at age 7 years in order to establish the sensitivity, specificity, and positive predictive value of the instrument.

GILLIAN BAIRD; TONY CHARMAN; SIMON BARON-COHEN; ANTONY COX; JOHN SWETTENHAM; SALLY WHEELWRIGHT; AURIOL DREW

2000-01-01

146

Older workers in the construction industry: results of a routine health examination and a five year follow up  

Microsoft Academic Search

OBJECTIVE: To describe the health status of older construction workers and the occurrence of early retirement due to disability or of mortality within a five year follow up. METHODS: Firstly, a cross sectional study was performed among 4958 employees in the German construction industry, aged 40-64 years, who underwent standardised routine occupational health examinations in 1986-8. The study population included

V Arndt; D Rothenbacher; H Brenner; E Fraisse; B Zschenderlein; U Daniel; S Schuberth; T M Fliedner

1996-01-01

147

Long-Term Effectiveness of Behavioral versus Insight-Oriented Marital Therapy: A 4-Year Follow-Up Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Obtained 4-year follow-up data regarding marital status and marital accord for 59 couples receiving either behavioral (BMT) or insight-oriented (IOMT) marital therapy in a controlled outcome study. Found no significant group differences between the two treatment conditions at termination or six-month followup; but by four-year followup, a…

Snyder, Douglas K.; And Others

1991-01-01

148

Recurrent unicystic mural type ameloblastoma in a 9-year-old boy, 8 years follow-up.  

PubMed

Unicystic ameloblastoma is not a rare odontogenic tumor in the pediatric population. A significant care should be given to unicystic ameloblastoma if it has mural invasions due to its local aggressiveness, high recurrence rates and radical management options as in conventional ameloblastoma. Fine needle aspiration (FNA) cytology is a rapid, non-traumatic diagnostic method that provides a required attention prior to surgery. We present an excisionsl biopsy proved FNA diagnosed mural type unicystic ameloblastoma in a 9-year-old child recurred as a solid ameloblastoma after 8 years. When distinctive features of ameloblastoma are known, an accurate diagnosis can be made by FNA cytology, in combination with clinicoradiological findings. This method gives benefit to the patients especially the younger ones both for the pre-operative surgical planning and the post-operative follow-up. PMID:24403814

Sengüven, Burcu; Bari?, Emre; Oygür, Tülin; Oztemel, Akin

2013-10-01

149

Surgically treated bladder hemangiopericytoma/solitary fibrous tumor: report of a 12-year asymptomatic follow-up.  

PubMed

Hemangiopericytoma (HPC)/solitary fibrous tumor (SFT) is an uncommon vascular tumor suggested to be originating from pericytes. There are few reports on bladder HPC/SFT. We present a case of huge bladder HPC/SFT measuring 13.9 × 12.2 × 11.1 cm with invasion to right iliac vein in a 54-year-old man. The patient underwent radical surgical tumor excision without chemotherapy or radiotherapy. The patient is symptom-free without recurrence or metastasis during the 12-year follow-up period. This case is the longest follow-up reported to date for bladder HPC/SFT. PMID:24022844

Mozafarpour, Sarah; Khorramirouz, Reza; Tajali, Afshin; Salavati, Alborz; Kajbafzadeh, Abdol-Mohammad

2014-03-01

150

One-Year Follow-Up of Combined Parent and Child Intervention for Young Children with ADHD  

PubMed Central

Objective Efficacies of the Incredible Years (IY) interventions are well established in children with oppositional defiant disorder (ODD), but not among those with a primary diagnosis of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). We sought to evaluate one-year follow-up outcomes among young children with ADHD who were treated with the IY interventions. Method Four- to six-year-olds with ADHD (n=49, 73% males) participated in six months of treatment using the IY parent and child interventions. Results Immediate post-treatment results indicated improvements in parenting, children’s externalizing and attention problems, and social contact at school. At one-year follow up, 22 of 27 variables that showed significant post-treatment effects demonstrated maintenance to one-year follow up. Children with higher ODD symptoms at baseline showed more improvement in oppositionality and total behavior problems, and their mothers showed more improvement on harsh discipline scores. Approximately 70–75% of children were reported by their parents and teachers to fall below clinical cut-offs on measures of externalizing symptoms at the one-year follow up (compared to 50% at baseline) and more than 50% fell below clinical cut-offs on measures of hyperactivity and inattentiveness (all were in the clinical range at baseline). Conclusions Children with ADHD who were treated with the IY parent and child treatment programs showed maintenance of treatment effects one year after treatment. PMID:23020199

Webster-Stratton, Carolyn; Reid, M. Jamila; Beauchaine, Theodore P.

2012-01-01

151

Evaluation of penile revascularization for erectile dysfunction: a 10-year follow-up.  

PubMed

The objective of this study was to report long-term success rates for penile revascularization (PR) and investigate factors responsible for failures. During the past 10 y, data were obtained on 52 patients who underwent PR. Surgical technique was selected according to preoperative arteriographic findings. The mean age was 28.5 y and the mean follow-up was 70.8 months. Success was defined as satisfactory intercourse without additional therapy. Overall success was 48%. Patients under 28 y showed a 73% success rate vs 23% in the older ones (P=0.0003). Nonsmokers had a 57% success compared to 29% in smokers (P=0.05). The presence of venous leak and type of procedure had an insignificant impact on success (P=0.33 and 0.23 respectively). To conclude, this curative treatment option is limited to a selective population with vasculogenic erectile dysfunction. We found that the cure rate of this procedure is maintained and long-term follow-up shows good results, especially in the young nonsmokers. PMID:15073607

Vardi, Y; Gruenwald, I; Gedalia, U; Nassar, S; Engel, A; Har-Shai, Y

2004-04-01

152

Leisure time physical activity in a 22-year follow-up among Finnish adults  

PubMed Central

Background The aim of this study was to explore long-term predictors of leisure time physical activity in the general population. Methods This study comprised 718 men and women who participated in the national Mini-Finland Health Survey from 1978–1980 and were re-examined in 2001. Participants were aged 30–80 at baseline. Measurements included interviews, health examinations, and self-administered questionnaires, with information on socioeconomic position, occupational and leisure time physical activity, physical fitness, body mass index, smoking, alcohol consumption, and physical functional capacity. Analyses included persons who were working and had no limitations in functional capacity at baseline. Results The strongest predictor of being physically active at the follow-up was participation in physical activity at baseline, with an OR 13.82 (95%CI 5.50-34.70) for 3 or more types of regular activity, OR 2.33 (95%CI 1.22-4.47) for 1–2 types of regular activity, and OR 3.26 (95%CI 2.07-5.15) for irregular activity, as compared to no activity. Other determinants for being physically active were moving upwards in occupational status, a high level of baseline occupational physical activity and remaining healthy weight during the follow-up. Conclusions To prevent physical inactivity among older adults, it is important to promote physical activity already in young adulthood and in middle age and to emphasize the importance of participating in many types of physical activity. PMID:23031224

2012-01-01

153

Four year follow-up of a randomised controlled trial comparing open and laparoscopic Nissen fundoplication in children  

PubMed Central

Objective To evaluate the 4-year results following a randomised controlled trial (RCT) comparing open (ONF) and laparoscopic (LNF) Nissen fundoplication in children. Background It is assumed that long-term results of ONF and LNF are comparable. No randomised studies have been performed in children. Methods A follow-up study was performed in children randomised to ONF or LNF (clinicaltrials.gov identifier NCT00259961). Recurrent gastro-oesophageal reflux (GER) was documented by upper gastrointestinal contrast study and/or 24-h pH study. Nutritional status, retching and other symptoms were investigated. A questionnaire was used to assess the quality of life before and after surgery. Results Thirty-nine children were randomised to ONF (n=20) or LNF (n=19). There were 15 ONF and 16 LNF neurologically impaired children. One patient (ONF group) was lost to follow-up. Follow-up was 4.1?years (3.1–5.3) for ONF group and 4.1?years (2.6–5.1) for LNF group (p=0.9). Seven neurologically impaired children had died by the time of follow-up (3 ONF, 4 LNF). Incidence of recurrent GER was 12.5% in the ONF and 20% in the LNF (p=ns). One patient in each group underwent redo-Nissen fundoplication. Nutritional status improved in both groups, as indicated by a significant increase in weight Z-score (p<0.01). Gas bloat and dumping syndrome were present in both groups (p=ns). Incidence of retching was lower in the laparoscopic group (p=0.01). Quality of life improved in both groups (p=ns). Conclusions Open and laparoscopic Nissen provide similar control of reflux and quality of life at follow-up. LNF is associated with reduced incidence of retching persisting at 4-year follow-up. Trial registration number NCT00259961. PMID:24532685

Pacilli, Maurizio; Eaton, Simon; McHoney, Merrill; Kiely, Edward M; Drake, David P; Curry, Joseph I; Lindley, Keith J; Pierro, Agostino

2014-01-01

154

A 4-year follow-up study of the effects of calcium supplementation on bone density in elderly postmenopausal women  

Microsoft Academic Search

To determine the long-term effect of calcium supplementation on bone density, 84 elderly women (54–74 years) more than 10 years past the menopause were studied for 4 years as part of a follow-up study of a randomized, double-masked, placebo-controlled trial. The placebo group who did not take calcium supplements at all during the 4-year study (control group,n=21) served as a

A. Devine; I. M. Dick; S. J. Heal; R. A. Criddle; R. L. Prince

1997-01-01

155

Modern dual-mobility cup implanted with an uncemented stem: about 100 cases with 12-year follow-up.  

PubMed

We report the results of a 12-year follow-up retrospective series of 100 total hip arthroplasties using cementless, press-fit, dual-mobility acetabular cups. The aim of our study was to evaluate the clinical and radiographic results of this acetabular cup at last follow-up. This continuous and homogeneous series included 100 primary total hip arthroplasties performed during the year 2000. The THA combined a Corail® stem (Corail®, Depuy, Warsaw, IN) with a stainless steel Novae Sunfit® (Serf, Decines, France) acetabular cup. Fifteen patients died and 2 were lost to follow-up. Two cases of early dislocation were observed, and 3 cases of aseptic loosening of the acetabular component were reported. The mean stem subsidence was 0.71 mm, the mean craniopodal acetabular migration was 1.37 mm, and the mean medio-lateral acetabular migration was 1.52 mm. The 12-year survivorship is comparable to the data from the literature. The low dislocation rate at 12 years confirms the long-term, high stability of dual mobility, which should be recommended in primary THA for patients at risk for postoperative instability. The absence of true intraprosthetic dislocation events at 12-year follow-up provides evidence of the good quality of the latest generation of polyethylene liners and the necessity of combining thin-mirror, polished femoral necks with dual-mobility cups. PMID:23686801

Philippot, Remi; Meucci, Jean Francois; Boyer, Bertrand; Farizon, Frederic

2013-09-01

156

Bootes 3: first two years of GRB follow-ups in New Zealand  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

BOOTES-3 is the first robotic observatory located in the southern hemisphere of the BOOTES (Burst Observer and Optical Transient Exploring System) network. It was inaugurated in February of 2009, beginning its operations promptly after. It's located nearby Blenheim, New Zealand. The main scientific objective is observation and follow-up of the optical counterparts of GRBs (Gamma Ray Bursts), responding to an alert in a quick and completely autonomous manner. For this it is equipped with a high-speed pointing mount (6-10 seconds), and the whole observatory is controlled by the RTS-2 (Remote Telescope System 2) software. Being at Spain's antipode, this observatory complements the coverage of the Spanish BOOTES telescopes.

Tello, J. C.; de Ugarte Postigo, A.; Sánchez-Ramírez, R.; Jelínek, M.; Gorosabel, J.; Kubánek, P.; Cunniffe, R.; Guziy, S.; Allen, W.; Yock, Ph.; Lin, Kuan-Yu; Castro-Tirado, A. J.; Fernández, R.; Pérez del Pulgar, C.

157

Elderly Handicapped Persons in a Primary Care District: Changes during a 5-8 Year Follow-Up.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A 1975-76 Swedish study of 643 handicapped persons born in 1918 or earlier and a follow-up study conducted 5-8 years later found a higher mortality rate than the general mortality in the same age group. Population changes are described, focusing on institutionalization, need for services, functional level, hearing, and vision. (Author/JDD)

Samuelsson, Gillis; Dehlin, Ove

1987-01-01

158

Combined Individual Cognitive Behavior Therapy and Parent Training for Childhood Depression: 2- to 3-Year Follow-up  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Fourteen children with significant depressive symptoms from an open clinical trial of Primary and Secondary Control Enhancement Training augmented with Caregiver-Child Relationship Enhancement Training, participated in a 2- to 3-year follow-up assessment. The results suggested that the significant decreases in depressive symptoms observed at…

Eckshtain, Dikla; Gaynor, Scott T.

2013-01-01

159

Five-year follow-up study of the prevalence and progression of pulmonary hypertension in systemic lupus erythematosus  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence and progression of pulmonary hypertension over a 5-year follow-up period in 28 patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) who were originally enrolled in an echocardiographic study of pulmonary hypertension in 1985 and 1986. Twenty healthy volunteers without cardiac or pulmonary disease participated as normal controls. Each patient and control underwent

Timothy M. Winslow; Maxim A. Ossipov; Gary P. Fazio; Jay S. Simonson; Rita F. Redberg; Nelson B. Schiller

1995-01-01

160

The Emerging Trend of EDP Auditing and the Implications for Collegiate Accounting Education: A 5-Year Follow-Up Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A five-year follow-up study compares the current business school curriculum content in electronic data processing and statistical sampling to the requirements of business. Differences still exist but there is evidence of progress by business schools in meeting the needs of business. (JOW)

Skudrna, Vincent J.; DiPillo, Pasquale J.

1988-01-01

161

Level of suicidal intent predicts overall mortality and suicide after attempted suicide: a 12-year follow-up study  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to comprehensively examine clinical risk factors, including suicide intent and hopelessness, for suicide and risk of death from all causes after attempted suicide over a 12-year follow-up period. METHODS: A systematic sample of 224 patients from consecutive cases of attempted suicide referred to health care in four Finnish cities between 1 January and

Kirsi Suominen; Erkki Isometsä; Aini Ostamo; Jouko Lönnqvist

2004-01-01

162

Treatment of Adjustment Disorder with Anxiety: A September 11, 2001, Case Study with a 1-Year Follow-Up  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes the application of cognitive behavioral therapy in the treatment of a 20-year-old White male manifesting an adjustment disorder with anxiety, who initially presented on September 11, 2001, following the terrorist attacks. The initial treatment regime lasted 8 weeks. In addition, follow-up sessions at 6, 11, and 12 months…

Powell, Shawn; McCone, Dave

2004-01-01

163

Conventional Treatment of Dens Invaginatus in Maxillary Lateral Incisor with Sinus Tract: One Year Follow-Up  

Microsoft Academic Search

Endodontic treatment of a maxillary lateral incisor with dens invaginatus in association with sinus tract and lateroradicular lesion is reported. Invaginated teeth present technical difficulties with respect to their management because of complicated canal morphology. This case was treated by conventional root canal treatment. At follow up examination after one year the tooth was asymptomatic and radiographically showed repair of

Heike Steffen; Christian Splieth

2005-01-01

164

Methods and Measures Used for Follow-up at 15 Years of the English and Romanian Adoptee (ERA) Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This chapter covers the methods and measures used in the ERA study, with a special focus on age 15 outcomes. First, the authors outline the sample participation rate for the 15-year follow-up--the percentages in all cases referring to the numbers at the time of initial sample contact. They then describe the measures used in this monograph,…

Monographs of the Society for Research in Child Development, 2010

2010-01-01

165

Comorbidity between asthma attacks and internalizing disorders among Puerto Rican children at one-year follow-up.  

PubMed

Authors examined the association between internalizing disorders and asthma attacks at 1-year follow-up among a community sample of 1,789 children and adolescents ages 5-18 years living on the island of Puerto Rico. The Diagnostic Interview Schedule for Children was administered to assess DSM-IV internalizing disorders during the past year. Children with a lifetime history of asthma attacks at baseline had greater odds of having an internalizing disorder at 1-year follow-up, independent of socio-demographic measures. However, an association was not found between asthma attacks and persistence of internalizing disorders. These findings show that the association between internalizing disorders and asthma attacks was replicated 1 year later in the same sample. PMID:16844893

Feldman, Jonathan M; Ortega, Alexander N; McQuaid, Elizabeth L; Canino, Glorisa

2006-01-01

166

One-year follow-up of guided self-help for parents of preschool children with externalizing behavior.  

PubMed

Self-help programs are an effective intervention for parents of children with externalizing behavior. A number of studies have shown that self-administered parent training has positive short-term effects on a child's behavior, but there is little research done on long-term outcomes. This paper reports results from a 1-year follow-up of a randomized controlled prevention trial of self-administered parent training with minimal therapist contact. In the initial prevention trial, we randomly assigned 48 preschool children with elevated levels of externalizing behavior to either a treatment group (TG) or a waitlist control group (WLC). The intervention consisted of written material and brief weekly telephone consultations. Thirty-six families (25 TG families, 11 WLC families) completed the self-help program. Twenty-five of these participated in a follow-up assessment 1 year after the intervention. There were no significant changes from post-test to follow-up on measures of child behavior (e.g., Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder and Oppositional Defiant Disorder symptom rating scales) and parental mental health, indicating that gains achieved post-intervention were maintained for at least 1 year. Moreover, the percentage of children with substantial behavior problems was reduced from pre-intervention to follow-up. These findings provide evidence that telephone-assisted self-help programs can be effective in the prevention of disruptive behavior problems. PMID:25331981

Ise, Elena; Kierfeld, Frauke; Döpfner, Manfred

2015-02-01

167

Hypofractionation in post-mastectomy breast cancer patients: seven-year follow-up.  

PubMed

To compare three fractionation schedules in post-mastectomy patients treated with radiotherapy as regard acute and early late effects as well as local recurrence rates. One hundred and seven breast cancer patients treated with modified radical mastectomy and adjuvant radiotherapy±adjuvant systemic treatments between November 2001 and July 2004 were enrolled in this study. Patients were categorized into three groups. Group A (41 patients) received conventional fractionation 50 Gy over 25 fractions. Group B (36 patients) received other fractionation regimen 45 Gy over 17 fractions. Group C (30 patients) received 40 Gy over 15 fractions. The median follow-up period was 23 months. There has been no statistical significant difference in local control (P=0.88), pain (P=0.98), telangectasis (P=0.23), fibrosis (P=0.13), arm oedema (P=0.96) or pigmentation (P=0.80) between the three groups. GII-III Erythema was significantly higher in the two hypofractionation arms compared to the control arm (P=0.001). Although acute skin reactions were higher in the hypofractionated arms, there was no significant difference in the local recurrence rates or late radiation effects. A national randomized multicentre study is recommended to explore this further. PMID:22354766

Eldeeb, Hany; Awad, Iman; Elhanafy, Osman

2012-12-01

168

Impulsive and compulsive behaviors in Parkinson's disease: a one-year follow-up study.  

PubMed

Impulsive and compulsive behaviors (ICBs) have been reported to occur frequently in Parkinson's disease (PD) and include impulse control disorders (ICDs), punding and dopamine dysregulation syndrome (SSD). We report on the outcomes of 25 PD patients who developed ICBs. Information was collected on changes in parkinsonian and psychiatric medication follow-up (median=12.1 months). At time 1, only 18 patients (72%) were taking dopamine agonists (DA). At time 2, fifteen patients (83.33%) either discontinued or decreased their DA treatment. Of these patients, thirteen (86.67%) reported experiencing full or partial remission of their ICBs symptoms. When analyzing separately the 11 patients with punding, these symptoms remained unchanged in 9 patients (81.82%) independently of changes in dopaminergic drugs. In conclusion, the current study suggests that there are clear similarities, but also important differences, between punding and ICDs over time. Pathological gambling, binge or compulsive eating, pathological hypersexuality and compulsive shopping in PD were robustly associated with the use of DA but the relationship between dopaminergic medications and punding is less clear. It is important to determine if other treatment strategies may be effective for punding in PD. PMID:21683375

Ávila, Asunción; Cardona, Xavier; Martín-Baranera, Montse; Bello, Juan; Sastre, Francesc

2011-11-15

169

Conservative management of a type III acromioclavicular separation: a case report and 10-year follow-up  

PubMed Central

Objective The purpose of this study is to present a 10-year prospective case of a right incomplete type III acromioclavicular (AC) separation in a 26-year-old patient. Clinical Features A 26-year-old male patient fell directly on his right shoulder with the arm in an outstretched and overhead position. Pain and swelling were immediate and were associated with a “step deformity.” The patient had limited right shoulder range of motion (ROM), strength, and function. Radiographic findings confirmed a type III AC separation on the right. At 1-year follow-up, the patient did not report any deficits in ROM or function, but did note a prominent distal clavicle on the right. At 3-, 5-, 7-, and 10-year follow-up, the patient did not report changes from 1 year. The radiographic findings at the 10-year follow-up indicated mild degenerative joint disease in both AC joints and mild elevation of the distal clavicle on the right. Intervention and Outcome The patient received chiropractic care to control for pain, swelling, and loss of ROM. The patient received acupuncture, joint mobilizations, palliative adhesive taping of the AC joint, Active Release Technique, and progressive resisted exercises. Radiographic study was done at the time of the injury and at 10 years to observe for any osseous changes in the AC joint. Conclusion The patient yielded excellent results from conservative chiropractic management that was reflected in a prompt return to work 19 days after the injury. Follow-up at 1, 3, 5, 7, and 10 years exhibited absence of residual deficits in ROM and function. The “step deformity” was still present after the injury on the right. PMID:22654684

Robb, Andrew J.; Howitt, Scott

2011-01-01

170

Treatment of Visceral Aneurysm Using Multilayer Stent: Two-Year Follow-Up Results in Five Consecutive Patients  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: The present study was performed to analyze the midterm results (five consecutive patients, 2-year follow-up) of the endovascular management of visceral artery aneurysms using the Cardiatis Multilayer Flow Modulator (CMFM) (Cardiatis, Isnes, Belgium), a self-expandable stent. Materials and Methods: From August 2009 to January 2011, we implanted five CMFMs in five patients (all men; mean age 73 years) to treat two common hepatic artery aneurysms, one celiac trunk aneurysm, one splenic artery aneurysm, and one superior mesenteric artery aneurysm (diameter 25-81 mm). The primary end point was technical success. The secondary end point was stent patency, absence of aneurysm rupture or reperfusion, and shrinking of the sac at 6-, 12-, and 24-month follow-up using computed tomography angiography. Follow-up ranged from 24 to 48 months (mean 31.2). Results: Technical success was achieved in all patients. Complete exclusion of the aneurysm with sac shrinking was achieved in two patients. Two stents became occluded at 6- and 24-month follow-up, respectively; both patients were asymptomatic and were not retreated. One patient developed sac reperfusion due to incomplete aneurysm exclusion. Conclusion: Long-term results in a wider population are needed to validate the effectiveness of the CMFM.

Balderi, Alberto, E-mail: balders@libero.it; Antonietti, Alberto, E-mail: antonietti.a@ospedale.cuneo.it; Pedrazzini, Fulvio, E-mail: pedrazzini.f@ospedale.cuneo.it; Sortino, Davide, E-mail: davide.sortino@hotmail.it; Vinay, Claudia, E-mail: claudia.vinay@gmail.com; Grosso, Maurizio, E-mail: grosso.m@ospedale.cuneo.it [AO Santa Croce e Carle Hospital, Department of Radiology (Italy)] [AO Santa Croce e Carle Hospital, Department of Radiology (Italy)

2013-10-15

171

Body Structures and Physical Complaints in Upper Limb Reduction Deficiency: A 24-Year Follow-Up Study  

PubMed Central

Objective To describe upper body structures associated with upper limb reduction deficiency and the development of these structures over time, to examine the presence of physical complaints in this population, and to compare body structures and complaints between groups based on prosthesis use. Design Prospective cohort study with a follow-up period of 24 years, with matched able-bodied controls. Subjects Twenty-eight patients with unilateral below-elbow reduction deficiency fitted with myoelectric prostheses, aged 8–18 years at inclusion. Method Measurements of upper arm, trunk and spine were performed and study-specific questionnaires were answered at baseline and follow-up; the Brief Pain Inventory and the Quick Disability of Arm, Shoulder, and Hand questionnaires were answered at follow-up. Results Both at baseline and follow-up, within-subjects differences in structures of the arm and trunk were shown in patients but not in controls. Spinal deviations, although small, were greater in patients compared to controls. Self-reported disability was higher in patients compared to controls. Differences in back pain and effect of prostheses use could not be shown. Conclusions Patients with unilateral below-elbow reduction deficiency have consistent differences in upper body structures. Deviations of the spine, probably of functional origin, do not progress to clinically relevant scoliosis. PMID:23226218

Postema, Sietke G.; van der Sluis, Corry K.; Waldenlöv, Kristina; Norling Hermansson, Liselotte M.

2012-01-01

172

Prognosis of Fatigue and Functioning in Primary Care: A 1-Year Follow-up Study  

PubMed Central

PURPOSE Although fatigue is a common presenting symptom in primary care and its course and outcomes often remain unclear, cohort studies among patients seeking care for fatigue are scarce. We therefore aimed to investigate patterns in the course of fatigue and relevant secondary outcomes in a large cohort of patients who sought care for a main symptom of fatigue. METHODS We performed an observational cohort study in 147 primary care practices. Patients consulting their general practitioner for a new episode of fatigue were sent questionnaires at 1, 4, 8, and 12 months after baseline. We collected measures of fatigue, perceived health and functioning, absenteeism, psychological symptoms, and sleep using the Checklist Individual Strength, the 36-Item Short Form Health Survey, the Four-Dimensional Symptoms Questionnaire, and the Pittsburgh Sleep Questionnaire Inventory. Patients were classified into 4 subgroups based on fatigue severity scores over time. We assessed patterns in the course of all outcomes in these subgroups and in the total population, and tested changes over time and differences between subgroups. RESULTS A total of 642 patients were enrolled in the study. Response rates during follow-up ranged between 82% and 88%. For 75% of the patients, 4 distinct groups could be discerned: 26% of patients had continuously high scores for fatigue, 17% had a fast recovery, 25% had a slow recovery, and 32% initially improved but then had a recurrence of fatigue. Patterns for the secondary outcomes of symptoms and functioning were all similar to the pattern for fatigue within each of the subgroups. CONCLUSIONS The findings of this study suggest a longitudinal relationship between the severity of fatigue, impaired functioning, psychological symptoms, and poor sleep. Physicians should be aware that a substantial proportion of patients seeking care for fatigue have these additional health and psychosocial problems. PMID:19001304

Nijrolder, Iris; van der Windt, Daniëlle A.W.M.; van der Horst, Henriëtte E.

2008-01-01

173

Continued benefit of coronary stenting versus balloon angioplasty: five-year clinical follow-up of Benestent-I trial  

Microsoft Academic Search

OBJECTIVESThis study sought to establish whether the early favorable results in the Benestent-I randomized trial comparing elective Palmaz-Schatz stent implantation with balloon angioplasty in 516 patients with stable angina pectoris are maintained at 5 years.BACKGROUNDThe size of the required sample was based on a 40% reduction in clinical events in the stent group. Seven months and one-year follow-up in this

Ferdinand Kiemeneij; Patrick W Serruys; Carlos Macaya; Wolfgang Rutsch; Guy Heyndrickx; Per Albertsson; Jean Fajadet; Victor Legrand; Pierre Materne; Jorge Belardi; Ulrich Sigwart; Antonio Colombo; Jean-Jacques Goy; Clemens M. C Disco; Marie-Angèle Morel

2001-01-01

174

ARTHROSCOPIC SUBACROMIAL DECOMPRESSION FOR ADVANCED (STAGE II) IMPINGEMENT SYNDROME : A STUDY OF 52 PATIENTS WITH FIVE YEARS FOLLOW-UP  

Microsoft Academic Search

The authors report a prospective five-year follow-up study of 52 patients who had arthroscopic subacro- mial decompression for advanced (stage II : type 1 and 2) rotator cuff disease. All patients were assessed preoperatively, at six months and at five years post- operatively using the Constant-Murley score and the revised American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons (ASES) score. From six months

K. DOM

175

Risk factors for chronic kidney disease in a community-based population: a 10-year follow-up study  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to explore risk factors affecting the incidence of chronic kidney disease (CKD) in general population. We conducted a 10-year follow-up study with 123 764 (male: 41 012, female: 82 752) adults aged 40 years and over who received community-based annual examinations. The primary outcome for the analysis was the development of CKD during the

K Yamagata; K Ishida; T Sairenchi; H Takahashi; S Ohba; T Shiigai; M Narita; A Koyama

2007-01-01

176

The Associations Between Intensive Residential Couple Therapy and Change in a Three-Year Follow-Up Period  

Microsoft Academic Search

This Norwegian couple therapy effectiveness therapy study explored the course and prediction of relationships between depressive\\u000a symptoms, interpersonal problems, and dyadic adjustment during residential treatment and over a 3-year post-treatment period\\u000a (N = 117). All measures indicated significant improvement (p < .001) between admission and discharge (effect sizes .25 to .67), and improvement was maintained at 3-year follow-up. The\\u000a proportion of recovered patients during

Terje TildenTore; Tore Gude; Harold Sexton; Arnstein Finset; Asle Hoffart

2010-01-01

177

The M.E Müller straight stem prosthesis: 15 year follow-up. Survivorship and clinical results  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of the study was to document the long-term clinical and radiologic results as well as the 15 year survival of a single\\u000a cemented straight stem. Our series consisted of consecutive patients with 161 straight stem prostheses implanted between 1984\\u000a and 1987 in 152 patients. Follow-up was performed prospectively at 1, 2, 5, 10 and 15 years post-operatively. Seven stems\\u000a were

Ulf Riede; Martin Lüem; Thomas Ilchmann; Melanie Eucker; Peter E. Ochsner

2007-01-01

178

Total hip replacements done without cement after acetabular fractures: A 4- to 8-year follow-up study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Twenty-one patients (21 hips) underwent cementless total hip replacement surgeries for previous acetabular fractures. The mean age at the time of hip replacement was 52 years (range, 23–78 years). The mean follow-up was 65 months (range, 48–104 months). One hip required revision of the stem secondary to a periprosthetic femur fracture from a fall at 3 months after surgery. Good

Michael H. Huo; Brian D. Solberg; Laurine E. Zatorski; Kristaps J. Keggi

1999-01-01

179

Echocardiographic evaluation of cardiac diastolic function in patients with rheumatoid arthritis: 5 years of follow-up  

Microsoft Academic Search

Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is associated with increased cardiovascular mortality. However, cardiovascular findings are mostly\\u000a subtle, and diastolic function abnormalities are one of the earliest manifestations. The aim of this study was to determine\\u000a diastolic function abnormalities in RA patients and to make a reevaluation of diastolic function after 5 years of follow-up.\\u000a Seventy-two RA patients (mean age: 48?±?11 years, F\\/M: 62\\/10) without

Dilek Yazici; Sena Tokay; Sibel Aydin; Ahmet Toprak; Nevsun Inanc; Saidur Rahman Khan; Ali Serdar Fak; Haner Direskeneli

2008-01-01

180

The Insall-Burstein II prosthesis: A 5- to 9-year follow-up study in osteoarthritic knees  

Microsoft Academic Search

We prospectively studied 100 Insall-Burstein Posterior Stabilized II total knee arthroplasties (Zimmer Inc, Warsaw, IN) consecutively implanted in 91 patients with osteoarthritis. We reviewed 92 knees in 85 patients at a mean follow-up of 7.5 years (range, 5.3–9.5 years). According to the Knee Society score, 78 (85%) results were excellent, 11 (12%) were good, and 3 (3%) were fair or

P. F. Indelli; P. Aglietti; R. Buzzi; A. Baldini

2002-01-01

181

Weight Loss Maintenance in Severely Obese Adults after an Intensive Lifestyle Intervention: 2- to 4Year Follow-Up  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective:To evaluate the long-term weight loss maintenance after 2 to 4 years in severely obese subjects after a lifestyle intervention at a weight loss camp in Denmark.Research Methods and Procedures:In a retrospective follow-up study, we assessed weight loss after 21 weeks of treatment at a weight loss camp, weight loss maintenance after 2 to 4 years, and numbers of subjects

Tore Christiansen; Jens M. Bruun; Erik L. Madsen; Bjørn Richelsen

2007-01-01

182

Long-term effects of bilateral subthalamic nucleus stimulation in advanced Parkinson disease: a four year follow-up study  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this study we aimed to investigate the effects of bilateral STN HFS in patients with advanced Parkinson disease (PD) at long-term, with a minimum follow-up of 4 years. Twenty patients (15 men, five women) were included, with a mean age of 60.9±8.1 years. Surgery was performed under local anesthesia. The target was defined on computerized tomography (CT). At 3

Veerle Visser-Vandewalle; Chris van der Linden; Yasin Temel; Halime Celik; Linda Ackermans; Geert Spincemaille; Jacques Caemaert

2005-01-01

183

A 12-year follow-up study of psychiatric symptomatology among cocaine-dependent men  

Microsoft Academic Search

This prospective longitudinal study examines patterns of psychiatric symptomatology among men admitted to treatment for cocaine dependence in 1988–1989. Study participants were interviewed at treatment intake, and at 1 year, 2 years and 12 years after treatment. The Hopkins Symptom Checklist-58 (SCL) and Natural History Interview were administered at the 4 time points. Of the 266 study participants interviewed at

Diane M. Herbeck; Yih-Ing Hser; Ake T. H. Lu; M. Elena Stark; Alfonso Paredes

2006-01-01

184

Parathyroidectomy in chronic renal failure: a nine-year follow-up study.  

PubMed

Seventy-three patients with chronic renal failure who underwent parathyroidectomy between March 1978 and April 1987 were reviewed. Thirty-four patients had undergone sub-total parathyroidectomy, and 39 patients had undergone total parathyroidectomy with parathyroid autograft into the forearm. Eight patients showed persistent hyperparathyroidism requiring a second surgical procedure. In all other patients there was highly statistical improvement in parathyroid hormone, total calcium, ionized calcium, alkaline phosphatase and a significant reduction in calcium x phosphate product. Histological evidence of osteitis fibrosa was present in 21 of 22 patients before surgery. Postoperatively, four showed complete resolution and improvement. Three patients developed histological evidence of osteomalacia during the study period. Only four of the 39 patients who underwent total parathyroidectomy with autograft had true recurrent hyperparathyroidism and only two of the 34 patients who underwent sub-total parathyroidectomy had recurrent disease, indicating that there is little to choose between the two techniques in the control of secondary hyperparathyroidism and its subsequent recurrence. In one patient with recurrence of hyperparathyroidism from a forearm parathyroid graft the histological picture was different from that of normal hyperplastic parathyroid tissue. Although it is probable that abnormal parathyroid tissue had been implanted there was no evidence of invasive growth into the forearm muscle. The most striking feature of long term follow-up was the difference in calcium x phosphate product in patients in whom vascular calcification increased compared to those patients with no change or regression of calcification. Mean calcium phosphate product in those patients with progressive vascular calcification was 4.93 for small and medium size vessels and 5.38 for large vessels compared to 4.10 for small and medium vessels and 4.09 for large vessels. In the former case the serum phosphate was 2.00 and 2.17 as compared to 1.75 or 1.73, suggesting that the aim in patients with end stage renal failure maintained by dialysis should be to control the serum phosphate concentration to 1.8 mmol or less and the calcium x phosphate product to less than 4.2. PMID:2274659

Nichols, P; Owen, J P; Ellis, H A; Farndon, J R; Kelly, P J; Ward, M K

1990-11-01

185

Recurrent Echinococcal Infection of the Lumbar Spine: An 11 Year Follow-up  

PubMed Central

Spinal hydatid cyst is a rare occurrence in non endemic countries. We present a case of recurrent lumbar hydatid disease in a 21-year-old male who following initial treatment had a good functional outcome and healing for 8 years, following which he came back with complaints of low back ache and neurological deficit. Patient underwent a second surgery with global debridement of L3-L5 vertebrae followed by medical management for two years. He had a good surgical outcome with recovery from the neurological deficit. Patient has returned to his routine activities and is being reviewed every year; there is no evidence of recurrence in the past 3 years. To the best of our knowledge recurrence after 8 years of initial treatment, followed by good clinical and radiological outcome for 3 years after surgery and treatment of the recurrence has not been reported in literature. PMID:23508512

Amritanand, Rohit; Venkatesh, Krishnan; Sundararaj, Gabriel David

2013-01-01

186

II. Methods and measures used for follow-up at 15 years of the English and Romanian Adoptee (ERA) study.  

PubMed

This chapter covers the methods and measures used in the ERA study, with a special focus on age 15 outcomes. First, we outline the sample participation rate for the 15-year follow-up-the percentages in all cases referring to the numbers at the time of initial sample contact. We then describe the measures used in this monograph, starting with those obtained at first contact with respect to functioning at the time of leaving institutional care. Because the group definitions relevant to the follow-up at age 15 are based on assessments at 6 and 11 years of age, we deal with the measures in those assessments first. At 11 years of age, we used a range of specific cognitive tests that might be of predictive value and those are detailed next. Then we discuss measures employed at the 15-year follow-up and those relevant to possible autism as used by Rutter in the separate assessment at 18-20 years. The monograph is structured around the possibility of deprivation-specific psychological patterns (DSPs), and hence on the strategies needed to test for them (see Rutter et al. in chapter I). Accordingly, the next section of this chapter deals with that strategy and details the measures taken to test the assumption's underlying the strategy. In our published papers concerning the 11-year follow-up, we tested whether outcomes were affected by the fact that some parents adopted mainly for altruistic reasons and others because of infertility-affected outcomes. Here we repeat this analysis in relation to DSPs. Similarly, we report findings on gender differences. The longitudinal study involved obtaining DNA for genotyping to examine the possibility that genetic features moderated the young people's response to institutional deprivation. Accordingly, in the next section of the chapter, we outline our genotyping approach. The final section of this chapter describes the statistical techniques we employed in our analyses. PMID:20500632

2010-04-01

187

Clinical conditions of long-term cure in childhood-onset epilepsy: a 45-year follow-up study.  

PubMed

Clinical conditions of long-term cure in childhood-onset epilepsy, defined as sustained remission off antiepileptic drug (AED) treatment, are not well known. To address that clinically important question, we determined clinical factors predictive of long-term seizure cure in a population-based cohort of 133 patients followed up since their first seizure before the age of 16 years. At the end of the 45-year follow-up (mean=39.8, median=44, range=11-47), 81 (61%) of the 133 patients had entered at least 5-year remission off AEDs, meeting our definition of cure. The 81 patients were seizure-free off AEDs for a mean of 34.4 (median=38, range=6-46) years and 59 (73%) of the 81 patients following the first standard medication until the end of follow-up (mean=36.5, median=39, range=14-46 years). Four independent factors were found to be associated with cure compared with having seizures while on AEDs: seizure frequency less than weekly during the first 12 months of AED treatment (p=0.002), pretreatment seizure frequency less than weekly (p=0.002), higher IQ (>70; p=0.021), and idiopathic or cryptogenic vs. symptomatic etiology (p=0.042). Patients with seizure frequency of less than once a week during early treatment and idiopathic etiology had a ninefold chance to of being cured since the onset of the first adequate antiepileptic therapy until the end of follow-up compared with patients who a symptomatic etiology had at least weekly seizures while on AEDs (RR=8.7, 95% CI=2.0-37.0; p<0.001). In conclusion, IQ, etiology, and seizure frequencies both in the first year of AED treatment and prior to medication appear to be clinical predictors of cure in childhood-onset epilepsy. PMID:24975821

Sillanpää, Matti; Saarinen, Maiju; Schmidt, Dieter

2014-08-01

188

Associations of Social Support and 8-Year Follow-Up Depressive Symptoms: Differences in African American and White Caregivers  

PubMed Central

The present study used data from the Alzheimer’s Study of Emotions in Caregivers (ASEC) to evaluate perceptions of social support assessed at baseline, as well as changes in social support assessed at a follow-up eight-years later, as predictors of symptoms of change in depression, with a focus on race as a potential moderator of these relationships. Specifically, multiple regression analyses adjusted for age, sex, income, education, race, living arrangement of care recipient at baseline, death of care recipient, the cultural justification for caregiving scale (CJCS), and baseline depressive symptoms were conducted to assess baseline social support ratings, as well as the change in social support over time as a predictor of depression at follow-up—with a focus on moderation by race. Baseline social support (F(1,77) = 7.60, p=.008) was associated with fewer depressive symptoms at follow-up for all participants. The change in social support over time was also related to depressive symptoms, with effects moderated by race (F(1,77) = 7.97, p = .007), such that when support decreased over time depressive symptoms at follow-up were higher for Whites, as compared with African Americans, whereas, when social support increased over time depressive symptoms tended to be similar for both groups. These findings indicate that research designed to plan interventions in caregivers must not ignore potential racial differences with regard to the effects of caregiving on mental health. PMID:23144529

BRUMMETT, BEVERLEY H.; SIEGLER, ILENE C.; WILLIAMS, REDFORD B.; DILWORTH-ANDERSON, PEGGYE

2012-01-01

189

Prospective study of alcoholism treatment. Eight-year follow-up.  

PubMed

One hundred patients admitted for alcohol withdrawal were followed for eight years. At the eight year mark, 25 percent had achieved stable abstinence of three years' duration or more, and 29 percent had died. Only 26 percent experienced continued serious problems with alcohol. Premorbid social stability and sustained abstinence made independent contributions to good psychosocial outcome at eight years. Premorbid social stability and Alcoholics Anonymous attendance made independent contributions to sustained abstinence. Review of these data and other major longitudinal studies suggests that factors other than professionally organized treatment per se exert substantial effect upon long-term outcome. PMID:6614031

Vaillant, G E; Clark, W; Cyrus, C; Milofsky, E S; Kopp, J; Wulsin, V W; Mogielnicki, N P

1983-09-01

190

Clinical results and development of heterotopic ossification in total cervical disc replacement during a 4-year follow-up.  

PubMed

Cervical total disc replacement (CTDR) aims to decrease the incidence of adjacent segment disease through motion preservation in the operated disc space. Ongoing data collection and increasing number of studies describing heterotopic ossification (HO) resulting in decreased mobility of implants, forced us to carefully evaluate our long-term clinical and morphological results of patients with CTDR. We present the first 54 consecutive patients treated with 65 ProdiscC prostheses during a 12-month period (2/2004-3/2005). All patients signed an informed consent and were included in prospective long-term study approved by hospital ethical committee. The 1- and 2-year follow-up analysis were available for all patients included and 4-year results for 50 patients (60 implants). Clinical (neck disability index-NDI, visual analog scale-VAS) and radiological follow-up was conducted at 1-, 2- and 4-years after the procedure. The Mehren/Suchomel modification of McAfee scale was used to classify the appearance of HO. Mean preoperative NDI was 34.5%, VAS for neck pain intensity 4.6 and VAS for arm pain intensity 5.0. At 1-, 2- and 4-year follow-up, the mean NDI was 30.7, 27.2, and 30.4, mean VAS for neck pain intensity 2.5, 2.1 and 2.9 and mean VAS for arm pain intensity pain 2.2, 1.9 and 2.3, respectively. Significant HO (grade III) was present in 45% of implants and segmental ankylosis (grade IV) in another 18% 4 years after intervention. This finding had no clinical consequences and 92% of patients would undergo the same surgery again. Our clinical results (NDI, VAS) are comparable with fusion techniques. Although, advanced non-fusion technology is used, a significant frequency of HO formation and spontaneous fusion in cervical disc replacement surgery must be anticipated during long-term follow-up. PMID:20035357

Suchomel, Petr; Jurák, Lubomír; Benes, Vladimír; Brabec, Radim; Bradác, Ondrej; Elgawhary, Shamel

2010-02-01

191

Family Discord, Parental Depression, and Psychopathology in Offspring: 20-Year Follow-up  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: To determine the independent effects of parental depression and family discord on offspring psychopathology among children at high and low risk of depression. Method: Family discord factors were assessed when subjects were approximately 17 years old, and offspring diagnoses were assessed about 20 years later. Parental and offspring…

Pilowsky, Daniel J.; Wickramaratne, Priya; Nomura, Yoko; Weissman, Myrna M.

2006-01-01

192

The Effectiveness of Drug Abuse Resistance Education (Project DARE): 5Year Follow-Up Results  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background.This article reports the results of a 5-year, longitudinal evaluation of the effectiveness of Drug Abuse Resistance Education (DARE), a school-based primary drug prevention curriculum designed for introduction during the last year of elementary education. DARE is the most widely disseminated school-based prevention curriculum in the United States.Method.Twenty-three elementary schools were randomly assigned to receive DARE and 8 were designated

Richard R. Clayton; Anne M. Cattarello; Bryan M. Johnstone

1996-01-01

193

Psychotic relapse and maintenance therapy in paranoid schizophrenia: a 15 year follow up  

Microsoft Academic Search

In spite of numerous reports on a 1 to 2 year maintenance neuroleptic treatment of schizophrenia, there is little systematic\\u000a information on decade-long maintenance therapy. We conducted a retrospective study in fifty outpatients with paranoid schizophrenia\\u000a who have been seen at our clinic for a duration of 15 years or more since their first psychotic episodes. Relapse rate within\\u000a 2,

Tetsuro Ohmori; Kouichi Ito; Tomohiro Abekawa; Tsukasa Koyama

1999-01-01

194

Hypnotherapy and cognitive behaviour therapy of acute stress disorder: A 3-year follow-up  

Microsoft Academic Search

The long-term benefits of cognitive behaviour therapy (CBT) for trauma survivors with acute stress disorder were investigated by assessing patients 3 years after treatment. Civilian trauma survivors (n=87) were randomly allocated to six sessions of CBT, CBT combined with hypnosis, or supportive counselling (SC), 69 completed treatment, and 53 were assessed 2 years post-treatment for post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) with

Richard A. Bryant; Michelle L. Moulds; Reginald D. V. Nixon; Julie Mastrodomenico; Kim Felmingham; Sally Hopwood

2006-01-01

195

Attrition in a 30-year follow-up of a perinatal birth risk cohort: factors change with age.  

PubMed

Background. Attrition is a major cause of potential bias in longitudinal studies and clinical trials. Attrition rate above 20% raises concern of the reliability of the results. Few studies have looked at the factors behind attrition in follow-ups spanning decades. Methods. We analyzed attrition and associated factors of a 30-year follow-up cohort of subjects who were born with perinatal risks for neurodevelopmental disorders. Attrition rates were calculated at different stages of follow-up and differences between responders and non-responders were tested. To find combinations of variables influencing attrition and investigate their relative importance at birth, 5, 9, 16 and 30 years of follow-up we used the random forest classification. Results. Initial loss of potential participants was 13%. Attrition was 16% at five, 24% at nine, 35% at 16 and 46% at 30 years. The only group difference that emerged between responders and non-responders was in socioeconomic status (SES). The variables identified by random forest classification analysis were classified into Birth related, Development related and SES related. Variables from all these categories contributed to attrition, but SES related variables were less important than birth and development associated variables. Classification accuracy ranged between 0.74 and 0.96 depending on age. Discussion. Lower SES is linked to attrition in many studies. Our results point to the importance of the growth and development related factors in a longitudinal study. Parents' decisions to participate depend on the characteristics of the child. The same association was also seen when the child, now grown up, decided to participate at 30 years. In addition, birth related medical variables are associated with the attrition still at the age of 30. Our results using a data mining approach suggest that attrition in longitudinal studies is influenced by complex interactions of a multitude of variables, which are not necessarily evident using other multivariate techniques. PMID:25071998

Launes, Jyrki; Hokkanen, Laura; Laasonen, Marja; Tuulio-Henriksson, Annamari; Virta, Maarit; Lipsanen, Jari; Tienari, Pentti J; Michelsson, Katarina

2014-01-01

196

Long-Term Weight Development in Women: A 15Year Follow-up of the Effects of Pregnancy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate how well prepregnancy BMI, gestational weight gain, and postpartum weight retention predict retention of weight 15 years later among parous women.Research Methods and Procedures: The Stockholm Pregnancy and Women’s Nutrition (SPAWN) study is a long-term follow-up study of women who delivered children in 1984 to 1985 (n = 2342). The participants

Yvonne Linné; Louise Dye; Britta Barkeling; Stephan Rössner

2004-01-01

197

Training and Certification for Early Childhood Special Education Personnel: A Six-Year Follow-up Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

A six-year follow-up survey of state, district and U.S. territory certification offices was conducted to determine current requirements for early childhood special education personnel. In addition, the status of known training programs was assessed. All 50 states, the District of Columbia, American Samoa, Guam, and Puerto Rico responded. Twenty respondents (20%) reported a separate early childhood special education certification\\/endorsement, 19

Stephen W Stile; Sandra M. Abernathy; Timothy J. Pettibone; William J. Wachtel

1984-01-01

198

1-year follow-up of 920 hip and knee arthroplasty patients after implementing fast-track.  

PubMed

Background - Fast-track has become a well-known concept resulting in improved patient satisfaction and postoperative results. Concerns have been raised about whether increased efficiency could compromise safety, and whether early hospital discharge might result in an increased number of complications. We present 1-year follow-up results after implementing fast-track in a Norwegian university hospital. Methods - This was a register-based study of 1,069 consecutive fast-track hip and knee arthroplasty patients who were operated on between September 2010 and December 2012. Patients were followed up until 1 year after surgery. Results - 987 primary and 82 revision hip or knee arthroplasty patients were included. 869 primary and 51 revision hip or knee patients attended 1-year follow-up. Mean patient satisfaction was 9.3 out of a maximum of 10. Mean length of stay was 3.1 days for primary patients. It was 4.2 days in the revision hip patients and 3.9 in the revision knee patients. Revision rates until 1-year follow-up were 2.9% and 3.3% for primary hip and knee patients, and 3.7% and 7.1% for revision hip and knee patients. Function scores and patient-reported outcome scores were improved in all groups. Interpretation - We found reduced length of stay, a high level of patient satisfaction, and low revision rates, together with improved health-related quality of life and functionality, when we introduced fast-track into an orthopedic department in a Norwegian university hospital. PMID:25175663

Winther, Siri B; Foss, Olav A; Wik, Tina S; Davis, Shawn P; Engdal, Monika; Jessen, Vigleik; Husby, Otto S

2015-02-01

199

Family burden and coping strategies in schizophrenia: 1-year follow-up data from the BIOMED I study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: To date, only few data are available on how family burden in schizophrenia changes over time. In addition, no study has\\u000a explored how such factors as coping styles and social support influence burden over time. This paper presents the 1-year follow-up\\u000a data from the BIOMED I study on family burden and coping strategies in schizophrenia. Methods: A sample of

L. Magliano; G. Fadden; M. Economou; T. Held; M. Xavier; M. Guarneri; C. Malangone; C. Marasco; M. Maj

2000-01-01

200

Does plasma cholesterol concentration predict mortality from coronary heart disease in elderly people? 18 year follow up in Whitehall study  

Microsoft Academic Search

OBJECTIVE--To explore the extent to which the relation between plasma cholesterol concentration and risk of death from coronary heart disease in men persists into old age. DESIGN--18 year follow up of male Whitehall civil servants. Plasma cholesterol concentrations and other risk factors were determined at first examination in 1967-9 when they were aged 40-69. Death of men up to 31

M J Shipley; S J Pocock; M G Marmot

1991-01-01

201

Management of complications after traumatic injuries to immature permanent maxillary incisors: a five years follow up case report.  

PubMed

The management of traumatic injuries to the teeth and soft tissues represent a challenge for the dental practitioner requiring knowledge and expertise necessary for adequate diagnosis and treatment. The purpose of this case report is to illustrate the emergency, short and long-term management of young permanent teeth involved with complex luxation injuries. Emergency management, orthodontic forced eruption and pulp therapy approaches used are described in details. The case was followed-up clinically and radiographically for 5 years. PMID:24984660

Halima, Abukabbos; Faisal, Alsineedi; Marcio, Guelmann

2014-06-01

202

Clinical study of flap design to increase the keratinized gingiva around implants: 4-year follow-up.  

PubMed

Since the presence of keratinized gingiva is so important for peri-implant outcome, the aim of this study is to describe a partial thickness flap design to increase the amount of keratinized peri-implant tissue as well as its thickness. A total of 131 implants were placed in 85 patients: 103 implants (78.63%) in the mandible and 28 implants (21.37%) in the maxilla. Before implant placement in edentulous ridge the residual keratinized mucosa usually was measured with a periodontal probe in a buccal-palatal direction. A palatal or lingual incision was made to raise a partial thickness flap with the residual keratinized tissue. After implant placement the flap was apically repositioned and secured with loose periosteal sutures. Keratinized tissue levels were calculated at baseline, at 6 months, and every year follow-up. Measurements were reported for each implant diameter. At 4-year follow-up, implant survival rate of 87.79% was reported. Peri-implant keratinized mucosa confirmed clinical gain in all cases; mean levels at 1- and 4-year follow-ups were 7.26 ± 2.01 mm and 7.37 ± 2.12 mm, respectively. The levels remained stable over time. This flap design allows immediate correction of adaptation of the keratinized tissue around the implant, increasing the thickness and amount of the keratinized tissue. PMID:25106011

Bruschi, Giovanni B; Crespi, Roberto; Capparé, Paolo; Gherlone, Enrico

2014-08-01

203

Hunter syndrome follow-up after 1?year of enzyme-replacement therapy  

PubMed Central

Mucopolysaccharidosis II (Hunter syndrome) is a rare x-linked disorder caused by a deficiency in the lysosomal enzyme iduronate-2-sulphatase, leading to an accumulation of the glycosaminoglycans (GAGs) dermatansulphate and heparan sulphate. The consequence of GAGs accumulation is progressive, multiorgan disease. Enzyme-replacement therapy is hypothesised to result in disease stabilisation and improved prognosis. We present a severe case of Hunter syndrome diagnosed at age 2?years and 4?months, who started enzyme-replacement therapy at the age of 3?years and 3?months. We report his evolution after 1?year of treatment. The treatment response was good and there was significant improvement in the quality of life. Owing to the rarity of Hunter syndrome, the multisystem nature and the heterogeneity of disease progression, patient care implies interdisciplinary consultations with a wide range of specialists. The best management can be provided in reference centres for metabolic diseases. PMID:23307460

Puiu, Maria; Chiri??-Emandi, Adela; Dumitriu, Simona; Arghirescu, Smaranda

2013-01-01

204

A Fused Maxillary Central Incisor and Its Multidisciplinary Treatment: An 18-Year Follow-Up  

PubMed Central

Fused teeth may cause aesthetic, spacing, periodontal, eruption, and caries problems. The present case report describes a 7-year-old boy patient with a chief complaint of unerupted maxillary incisor. Radiographic examination indicated a fused tooth which had two fused roots but two independent root canals. A complex management of a fused tooth is really difficult to standardize. In this case an orthodontic, endodontic, and surgical treatment (intentional replantation) allowed the tooth to be retained until 18 years following intervention. Maintenance of the root and alveolar bone in young adults at least until full skeletal maturation should be the main treatment objective. PMID:24738034

Brunet-Llobet, Lluís; Lahor-Soler, Eduard; Cahuana, Abel

2014-01-01

205

Stability of CT scan findings in schizophrenia: results of an 8 year follow-up study.  

PubMed Central

Earlier cross-sectional studies have suggested that CT findings of ventricular enlargement and increased cortical markings in schizophrenic patients are not progressive, but individual patients have rarely been followed prospectively. Fifteen patients with chronic schizophrenia were rescanned on the same model machine after 7 to 9 years of continuous illness and, in seven cases, of continuous hospitalisation. It was not possible to demonstrate significant changes in either ventricular-brain ratio or frontal atrophy scores. These results suggest that the pathologic process responsible for CT changes in schizophrenia is static and is not affected by 8 years of neuroleptic medication and institutionalisation. Images PMID:3346684

Illowsky, B P; Juliano, D M; Bigelow, L B; Weinberger, D R

1988-01-01

206

Follow-up of children who received the incredible years intervention for oppositional-defiant disorder: Maintenance and prediction of 2-year outcome  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents 2-year follow-up data for a sample of 159, 4- to 7-year-old chil- dren with oppositional-defiant disorder (ODD) who were randomly assigned to: parent training (PT), parent plus teacher training (PT + TT), child training (CT), child plus teacher training (CT + TT), parent plus child plus teacher training (PT + CT + TT). At the 2-year follow-up,

M. Jamila Reid; Carolyn Webster-Stratton; Mary Hammond

2003-01-01

207

Pubertal Timing and Substance Use in Middle Adolescence: A 2-Year Follow-Up Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Earlier research has associated early puberty with emotional and behavioral symptoms particularly among girls, while among boys, findings have been contradictory as to whether risks are associated with early or late pubertal timing. We studied the association between pubertal timing and substance use behaviors in middle adolescence in a 2-year

Kaltiala-Heino, Riittakerttu; Koivisto, Anna-Maija; Marttunen, Mauri; Frojd, Sari

2011-01-01

208

Adolescent and adult leisure patterns: A 37?year follow?up study  

Microsoft Academic Search

The relationship between adolescent and adult leisure activities was assessed by utilizing longitudinal data from 1298 subjects studied during their high school years and again when they were in their early fifties. For the sample members, the greater the involvement in a specific type of activity during adolescence, the more frequent the participation in the same type of activity at

David Scott; Fern K. Willits

1989-01-01

209

Changes in Leisure Styles and Satisfaction of Older People: A Five Years Follow-Up  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present study examines the leisure style and leisure satisfaction of a sample of older people at baseline and after a period of 5 years. Three groups were identified by factorial and cluster analyses and labelled under the headings of: Organised Style, Surrounding Style and Indoor Style. Each group represented a different typology of leisure,…

Gagliardi, Cristina; Spazzafumo, Liana; Papa, Roberta; Marcellini, Fiorella

2012-01-01

210

Mitral Valve Replacement With the St. Jude Medical Prosthesis: A 15Year Follow-up  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background. A retrospective study was conducted to analyze the results of St. Jude Medical mitral valve replacement. Methods. From January 1979 to December 1989, 870 patients (54% women, 46% men; mean age, 55.8 6 6.2 years) underwent mitral valve replacement with the St. Jude Medical prosthesis. Of these operations 616 were isolated mitral valve replacements and 254 were double valve

Jean-Paul Remadi; Philippe Bizouarn; Olivier Baron; Phillipe Despins; Jean-Luc Michaud; Daniel Duveau

2010-01-01

211

Minimum 5Year Follow-Up of a Cementless, Modular, Tapered Stem in Hip Revision Arthroplasty  

Microsoft Academic Search

Hip revision surgery with a cementless tapered femoral component can provide axial and rotational stability in patients with compromised proximal bone stock. This study includes 90 cases revised with the Link MP (Waldemar Link, Hamburg, Germany) prosthesis. The median age at surgery was 72 (38-89) years. Aseptic loosening (70%) and periprosthetic fracture (22%) were common indications for surgery. Sixty-three patients

Rüdiger J. Weiss; Mats O. Beckman; Anders Enocson; Anders Schmalholz; André Stark

2011-01-01

212

Fifteen Year Follow-Up Geography Skills Test Administered in Indiana, 1987 and 2002  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

After fifteen years of geographic education efforts, a baseline geography skills test was repeated in Indiana. In 2002, 2,278 students in college freshman geography courses were tested with a revision of the National Council for Geographic Education Competency-Based Geography Test, Secondary Level Form II. The test measured geographic ability in…

Bein, F. L.; Hayes, James J.; Jones, Thomas G.

2009-01-01

213

Changing Network Support for Drinking: Network Support Project 2Year Follow-Up  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Network Support Project was designed to determine whether a treatment could lead patients to change their social network from one that supports drinking to one that supports sobriety. This study reports 2-year posttreatment outcomes. Alcohol-dependent men and women (N = 210) were randomly assigned to 1 of 3 outpatient treatment conditions: network support (NS), network support + contingency management

Mark D. Litt; Ronald M. Kadden; Elise Kabela-Cormier; Nancy M. Petry

2009-01-01

214

Changing Network Support for Drinking: Network Support Project 2-Year Follow-up  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Network Support Project was designed to determine whether a treatment could lead patients to change their social network from one that supports drinking to one that supports sobriety. This study reports 2-year posttreatment outcomes. Alcohol-dependent men and women (N = 210) were randomly assigned to 1 of 3 outpatient treatment conditions:…

Litt, Mark D.; Kadden, Ronald M.; Kabela-Cormier, Elise; Petry, Nancy M.

2009-01-01

215

Psychological follow-up study of 5-year-old ICSI children  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: The developmental outcomes of children born after ICSI are still a matter of concern. The purpose of the present study was to investigate psychological outcomes for 5-year-old children born after ICSI and compare these with outcomes for children born after spontaneous conception (SC). METHODS: Three hundred singleton children born after ICSI in Belgium, Sweden and the USA were matched

I. Ponjaert-Kristoffersen; T. Tjus; J. Nekkebroeck; J. Squires; D. Verte; M. Heimann

2004-01-01

216

Children of Methadone-Maintained Mothers: Three-Year Follow-Up.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The physical and neurobehavioral findings at 3 years of age for 39 children born to mothers on methadone- maintenance and 23 children born to drug-free comparison mothers are reported. The methadone children had a higher incidence of head circumferences less than the third percentile, nystagmus/strabismus, and otitis media. No differences were…

Johnson, Helen L.; And Others

217

State Hospital-University Collaborations: A 25-Year Follow-Up  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: A formative survey of psychiatry departments 25 years ago showed strong and valued relationships between these departments and state hospitals. The authors sought to evaluate the extent of present-day collaborative relationships. Methods: A repeat of a similar survey was sent in 2005 to 119 chairs of departments of psychiatry. Results:…

Talbott, John A.; Faulkner, Larry R.; Buckley, Peter F.

2010-01-01

218

Third-Grade Retention: A Four Year Follow-Up. Research Brief. Volume 0706  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study duplicated the procedures used by Greene and Winters (2006) on data from the Miami-Dade school system with the advantage of an additional two year's worth of information. The results indicated that the effects of the retention policy are far from clear and arguably negative. There is considerable evidence to suggest that the apparent…

Froman, Terry; Brown, Shelly; Luzon-Canasi, Angela

2008-01-01

219

Implications of Japan's Center-Based Night Care: A 1-Year Follow-up  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

With increasing numbers of women joining the evening/nighttime workforce, there is a need for quality childcare during these hours. This project, conducted in Japan, sought to compare the effects of expanded childcare on the development and adaptation of 866 young children after one year. Parents completed a survey on the childrearing environment…

Anme, Tokie; Segal, Uma A.

2007-01-01

220

Physical Performance of Individuals with Intellectual Disability: A 30-Year Follow up  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Physical performance of Finnish adolescents (33 females, 44 males) with moderate intellectual disability (ID) was studied over a 30-year period. This study is an extension of Lahtinen's previous work on documenting the performance of individuals with intellectual disabilities over time. This study consisted of analyzing data from a total of four…

Lahtinen, Ulla; Rintala, Pauli; Malin, Antero

2007-01-01

221

Dietary Fat and Risk of Postmenopausal Breast Cancer in a 20-year Follow-up  

Microsoft Academic Search

Dietary fat in midlife has not been associated with breast cancer risk in most studies, but few have followed women beyond one decade. The authors examined the relation of dietary fat, assessed by repeated question- naires, to incidence of postmenopausal breast cancer in a cohort of 80,375 US women (3,537 new cases) pro- spectively followed for 20 years between 1980

Esther H. J. Kim; Walter C. Willett; Graham A. Colditz; Susan E. Hankinson; M eir J. Stampfer; David J. Hunter; Bernard Rosner; Michelle D. Holmes

222

The Stability and Structure of Career Decision-Making Profiles: A 1-Year Follow-Up  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Career Decision-Making Profile (CDMP) questionnaire is a multidimensional measure of the way individuals make career decisions, developed as an alternative to the single, most-dominant trait approach. Using a sample of freshmen students, the 2-week reliability (N = 273) and 1-year stability (N = 182) of the CDMP was tested for each of the 12…

Gati, Itamar; Levin, Nimrod

2012-01-01

223

Predictors of the Longevity Difference: A 25-Year Follow-Up.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Studied predictors of longevity among 252 panelists in a 25-year longitudinal study of aging. The strongest independent predictors for men were health self-rating, work satisfaction, and performance intelligence; for women they were health satisfaction, and physical function rating. (Author)

Palmore, Erdman B.

1982-01-01

224

Matching Alcoholics to Coping Skills or Interactional Therapies: Two-Year Follow-Up Results.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Assigned 96 inpatients in alcoholism treatment to aftercare group treatment with either coping skills training or interactional therapy. Survival analyses using two-year outcome data provided evidence for durability of matching interaction effects. Individuals scoring high on sociopathy or global psychopathology had better outcomes in coping…

Cooney, Ned L.; And Others

1991-01-01

225

5-Year Longitudinal Follow-up after Retropubic and Transobturator Midurethral Slings  

PubMed Central

Background Few studies have characterized longer-term outcomes after retropubic and transobturator midurethral slings. Methods Women completing 2-year participation in a randomized equivalence trial who had not received surgical retreatment for stress urinary incontinence were invited to participate in a 5-year observational cohort. The primary outcome, treatment success, was defined as no retreatment or self-reported stress incontinence symptoms. Secondary outcomes included urinary symptoms and quality of life, satisfaction, sexual function and adverse events. Results 404 of 597 (68%) women from the original trial enrolled. Five-years after surgical treatment, success was 7.9% greater in women assigned to retropubic-sling compared to transobturator-sling (51.3% vs 43.4%, 95% CI ?1.4%, 17.2%) not meeting pre-specified criteria for equivalence. Satisfaction decreased over 5-years, but remained high and similar between arms (79%, retropubic-sling vs 85%, transobturator-sling groups, p=0.15). Urinary symptoms and quality of life worsened over time (p<0.001), and women with retropubic-sling reported greater urinary urgency (P=0.001), more negative quality of life impact (p=0.02), and worse sexual function (P=0.001). There was no difference in proportion of women experiencing at least 1 adverse event (p=0.17). Seven new mesh erosions were noted (retropubic-sling-3, transobturator-sling-4). Conclusion Treatment success declined over 5-years for retropubic and transobturator-slings and did not meet pre-specified criteria for equivalence with retropubic demonstrating a slight benefit. However, satisfaction remained high in both arms. Women undergoing transobturator-sling reported more sustained improvement in urinary symptoms and sexual function. New mesh erosions occurred in both arms over time, although at a similarly low rate. PMID:25158274

Kenton, Kimberly; Stoddard, Anne M.; Zyczynski, Halina; Albo, Michael; Rickey, Leslie; Norton, Peggy; Wai, Clifford; Kraus, Stephen R.; Sirls, Larry T.; Kusek, John W.; Litman, Heather J.; Chang, Robert P.; Richter, Holly E.

2014-01-01

226

Increased mortality in the slim elderly: a 42 years follow-up study in a general population  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Bergen Clinical Blood Pressure Study in Norway was used to examine the relationship between body mass index (BMI (kg\\/m2)) and total mortality in different age segments. Of 6,811 invited subjects, 5,653 (84%) participated in the study (1965–1971)\\u000a and 4,520 (66%) died during 182,798 person-years of follow-up (1965–2007). Mean age at baseline was 47.5 years; range 22–75 years.\\u000a BMI (kg\\/m2) was calculated

Anne K. Gulsvik; Dag S. Thelle; Morten Mowé; Torgeir B. Wyller

2009-01-01

227

Stepwise excavation in a permanent molar: 17-year follow-up.  

PubMed

The current study presents a 17-year clinical report of stepwise excavation and indirect pulp capping in a lower right first molar, with great dentin destruction and a lack of dentin support of the cusps. At the first appointment, indirect pulp capping with calcium hydroxide and a temporary filling with zinc oxide cement were performed to minimize the risk of pulp exposure during excavation. After 45 days, the remaining carious tissue was removed and a restoration with glass-ionomer lining (Vitrebond) and resin composite (P-50) was performed. Satisfactory morphology and function of the restoration and pulp vitality were preserved for 17 years, thus indicating that stepwise excavation can be a good treatment alternative in selected cases. PMID:20672734

Lima, Fernanda Ferruzzi; Pascotto, Renata Corrêa; Benetti, Ana Raquel

2010-01-01

228

Clinical and laboratory features of acute sulfur dioxide inhalation poisoning: two-year follow-up  

SciTech Connect

We present clinical and laboratory results (including nuclear imaging) obtained over a period of two years in two nonsmoking miners who were exposed to high concentrations of sulfur dioxide (SO/sub 2/) after a mine explosion. Within 3 wk of the accident, both miners had evidence of severe airways obstruction, hypoxemia, markedly reduced exercise tolerance, ventilation-perfusion mismatch, and evidence of active inflammation as documented by positive gallium lung scan. Serial ventilation-perfusion scans over the first 12 months showed progressive improvement without returning to normal. After the initial recovery, there has been no significant change over the subsequent two years postinjury. Pulmonary function and exercise tests also displayed a similar pattern of initial improvement. We conclude that (1) acute exposure to high concentrations of SO/sub 2/ results in severe airways obstruction, (2) pulmonary function abnormalities are partially reversible, and (3) most of the improvement occurs within 12 months after the initial injury.

Rabinovitch, S.; Greyson, N.D.; Weiser, W.; Hoffstein, V.

1989-02-01

229

Executive Function Outcomes Following Traumatic Brain Injury in Young Children: A Five Year Follow-Up  

Microsoft Academic Search

Little is known about the long-term effects of traumatic brain injury (TBI) in very young children. This study used a prospective, cross-sectional design to investigate the impact of TBI on executive function (EF) outcomes in children who sustained a TBI before the age of seven. The study aimed to identify specific or global EF deficits five years post-TBI, and to

Caroline Nadebaum; Vicki Anderson; Cathy Catroppa

2007-01-01

230

Visual Outcomes in Treated Bacterial Keratitis: Four Years of Prospective Follow-up  

PubMed Central

Purpose. We described the change in visual acuity experienced by eyes successfully treated for bacterial keratitis. Methods. This was a prospective cohort study of a subset of study participants who had previously enrolled in the Steroids for Corneal Ulcers Trial (SCUT). All study participants had been diagnosed with culture-proven bacterial keratitis before enrollment in SCUT and subsequently were randomized to adjunctive topical corticosteroids or placebo. During SCUT, we monitored study participants at enrollment, 3 weeks, 3 months, and 12 months. We invited a subset to complete a comprehensive eye examination approximately 4 years after enrollment in SCUT. Certified refractionists assessed best spectacle-corrected visual acuity (BSCVA) using the same protocol at each study visit. Results. We examined 50 SCUT participants at 4 years after enrollment. Among those in this cohort, mean logMAR BSCVA at enrollment was 0.85 (Snellen equivalent, 20/160; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.71–0.99). On average, visual acuity improved by 2.9 logMAR lines from enrollment to 3 weeks (P < 0.001), 1.2 lines from 3 weeks to 3 months (P = 0.002), and 0.8 lines from 3 to 12 months (P = 0.01). The BSCVA did not change significantly between 12 months and 4 years (0.04-line improvement, P = 0.88). After controlling for visual acuity at enrollment, BSCVA was not significantly different between the corticosteroid and placebo groups at 4 years (P = 0.53). Conclusions. Cases of bacterial keratitis may continue to demonstrate improvements in visual acuity up to 12 months following diagnosis, but further improvements are unlikely. These findings may guide the appropriate timing of surgical intervention in these patients. (ClinicalTrials.gov number, NCT00324168.) PMID:24618327

McClintic, Scott M.; Prajna, Namperumalsamy V.; Srinivasan, Muthiah; Mascarenhas, Jeena; Lalitha, Prajna; Rajaraman, Revathi; Oldenburg, Catherine E.; O'Brien, Kieran S.; Ray, Kathryn J.; Acharya, Nisha R.; Lietman, Thomas M.; Keenan, Jeremy D.

2014-01-01

231

Life dissatisfaction and subsequent work disability in an 11-year follow-up  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background. Mental disorders are associated with disability, but the long-term effects of low sub- jective well-being on work ability in general population are not known. In this study we investigated whether self-reported life dissatisfaction predicts work disability. Method. A nationwide sample of Finnish twins aged 18-54 years (N=22 136), unselected for health status responded to a health questionnaire with a

H. KOIVUMAA-HONKANEN; M. KOSKENVUO; R. J. HONKANEN; H. VIINAMKI; K. HEIKKIL; J. KAPRIO

2004-01-01

232

Mitral valve replacement with the St. Jude medical prosthesis: a 15-year follow-up  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background. A retrospective study was conducted to analyze the results of St. Jude Medical mitral valve replacement.Methods. From January 1979 to December 1989, 870 patients (54% women, 46% men; mean age, 55.8 ± 6.2 years) underwent mitral valve replacement with the St. Jude Medical prosthesis. Of these operations 616 were isolated mitral valve replacements and 254 were double valve replacements.

Jean-Paul Remadi; Philippe Bizouarn; Olivier Baron; Oussama Al Habash; Phillipe Despins; Jean-Luc Michaud; Daniel Duveau

1998-01-01

233

Glaucoma, Alzheimer's Disease, and Parkinson's Disease: An 8-Year Population-Based Follow-Up Study  

PubMed Central

Background Glaucoma is the leading cause of irreversible blindness worldwide and primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG) is the most common type of glaucoma. An association between POAG and the subsequent risk of Alzheimer's disease (AD) and Parkinson's disease (PD) was unclear. Objective To investigate the association between POAG (including normal-tension glaucoma) and the subsequent risk of AD or PD 8 years following a diagnosis of POAG. Methods We performed a retrospective, propensity-score-matched analysis of a population-based cohort consisting of patients with and without POAG aged 60 years and older. Control patients without POAG were propensity-score matched to POAG patients based on their baseline characteristics. Results The incidence rates and confidence intervals (CIs) of AD among the patients with and without POAG were 2.85 (95% CI: 2.19–3.70) and 1.98 (95% CI: 1.68–2.31) per 1000 person-years, respectively. The incidence rates of PD among the POAG and non-POAG cohorts were 4.36 (95% CI: 3.52–5.39) and 4.37 (95% CI: 3.92–4.86) per 1000 person-years, respectively. Kaplan-Meier failure curves showed that the POAG patients had a higher risk of AD than the control patients did (log-rank test, P?=?.0189). However, the cumulative PD hazard ratios for the POAG and non-POAG patients did not differ significantly (log-rank test, P?=?.9953). Conclusion In elderly patients, POAG is a significant predictor of AD, but POAG is not a predictor of PD. PMID:25275530

Lin, I-Chan; Wang, Yuan-Hung; Wang, Tsung-Jen; Wang, I-Jong; Shen, Yun-Den; Chi, Nai-Fang; Chien, Li-Nien

2014-01-01

234

Intoxicated ED Patients: A 5Year Follow-Up of Morbidity and Mortality  

Microsoft Academic Search

Study objective: To determine the rates of alcohol-related morbidity and mortality in a cohort of intoxicated ED patients 5 years after presentation and to compare them with those of nonintoxicated ED patients. Methods: The study group comprised 150 consecutive ED patients who presented with intoxication (blood alcohol level higher than 100 mg\\/dL) in June 1986 and 50 control patients matched

Paul Davidson; Jane Koziol-McLain; Linda Harrison; David Timken; Steven R Lowenstein

1997-01-01

235

Systemic Inflammatory Response and Survival in Patients with Localised Prostate Cancer: 10Year Follow-Up  

Microsoft Academic Search

Aim: To examine the prognostic value of circulating C-reactive protein concentrations at diagnosis in patients with organ-confined prostate cancer. Patients and Methods: Ninety-eight patients with histologically proven clinically localised prostate cancer were studied. Clinical stage, tumour grade, circulating PSA and C-reactive protein concentrations at diagnosis were recorded. Results: The majority of patients was under the age of 70 years and

Peter A. McArdle; Tahir Qayyum; Donald C. McMillan

2010-01-01

236

Two Year Follow-up of the Preservation Unicompartmental Knee Implant  

Microsoft Academic Search

Reported results of unicondylar knee arthroplasty (UKA) have mixed reviews in comparison with results of tri-compartmental\\u000a knee arthroplasty (TKA). We prospectively evaluated the short-term results (2 years) of a newer design of a UKA implant (Preservation\\u000a UKA) with a cobalt–chromium femoral component and an all polyethylene tibial component. Seventy-two patients with intact ligaments\\u000a and loss of only medial articular cartilage received

Rajeev K. Jain; Lorraine T. Neville; Kace A. Ezzet; Robert S. Sterling; Raymond L. Horwood; Clifford W. Colwell

237

Young adult outcome of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder: a controlled 10-year follow-up study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background. Our objective was to estimate the lifetime prevalence of psychopathology in a sample of youth with and without attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) through young adult- hood using contemporaneous diagnostic and analytic techniques. Method. We conducted a case-control, 10-year prospective study of ADHD youth. At baseline, we assessed consecutively referred male, Caucasian children with (n=140) and without (n=120) DSM-

JOSEPH BIEDERMAN; MICHAEL C. MONUTEAUX; ERIC MICK; THOMAS SPENCER; TIMOTHY E. WILENS; JULIE M. SILVA; LINDSEY E. SNYDER; STEPHEN V. FARAONE

2006-01-01

238

Alcohol Advertising in College Newspapers: A 7Year Follow-up  

Microsoft Academic Search

The authors report on the frequency and nature of alcohol advertisements in a representative sample of college newspapers from 1984\\/85 and compare these with results of a similar study conducted 7 years earlier, in 1977\\/78. On average, nearly 24 column inches of space per issùe were devoted to national alcohol advertisements in 1984\\/85. This represents a significant decrease from an

Warren Breed; Lawrence Wallack; Joel W. Grube

1990-01-01

239

Three-year follow-up of lanthanum carbonate therapy in hemodialysis patients.  

PubMed

For 3 years following the start of lanthanum carbonate therapy, effects on other pharmaceutical treatment with sevelamer hydrochloride (SH), calcium carbonate (CC), and vitamin D, and those on clinical condition were examined. Dialysis patients with hyperphosphatemia (89 cases; average age 55.2 years; dialysis history of 10 years; 50 male and 39 female), who agreed to start lanthanum carbonate (LC) administration, were observed for a mean period of 32.6?±?6.2 months. Mean daily dosages of CC and SH before starting LC were 2.68?g and 0.73?g; mean daily dosage amounts of LC, CC, and SH at the time of final evaluation were 0.87?g, 2.30?g, and 0.99?g, respectively. After the application of LC, serum phosphate as well as serum calcium controls were significantly improved, and the amounts of active vitamin D agents applied was significantly increased. In conclusion, LC is useful in managing serum phosphorus levels (P levels), and little incidence of hypercalcemia suggests favorable concomitant use with active vitamin D agents in LC therapy. PMID:23586508

Takeuchi, Kazuhisa; Matsuda, Etsuko; Sekino, Makoto; Hasegawa, Yukiko; Kamo, Yoshie; Kikuchi, Natsue; Sekino, Hiroshi

2013-04-01

240

The course of dysphoric affective and cognitive states in borderline personality disorder: a 10-year follow-up study  

PubMed Central

The current study aimed to assess dysphoric states among 290 patients with borderline personality disorder (BPD) and 72 non-borderline axis II comparison subjects (OPD) over a 10-year course of prospective follow-up. Additionally, we assessed the severity of these states among borderline patients who had and had not recovered both symptomatically and psychosocially. The Dysphoric Affect Scale (DAS) – a 50-item self-report measure of affective and cognitive states thought to be common among borderline patients and specific to the disorder – was administered at five waves of prospective follow-up. Affective and cognitive DAS items were separately analyzed, yielding respective subscores. Borderline patients reported more severe dysphoric states compared to OPD subjects at baseline. However, the severity of affective and cognitive states declined significantly for both groups taken together over 10–years of follow-up. Within the BPD group, recovered subjects reported less severe dysphoric states compared to non-recovered subjects at baseline. Results also showed a significant decline in DAS scores over time, but at a greater rate for recovered subjects. In sum, while the severity of dysphoric states declines significantly over time, inner distress remains an area of vulnerability for borderline subjects. Additionally, the severity and pervasiveness of these states may affect recovery over time. PMID:22326877

Reed, Lawrence Ian; Fitzmaurice, Garrett; Zanarini, Mary C.

2011-01-01

241

Eighteen-year follow-up after rotationplasty for a grade IIIC open fracture of the distal femur.  

PubMed

We report the 18-year follow-up of a patient who underwent rotationplasty for severe bone loss and infection after an grade IIIC open fracture of the distal femur. The patient is now 49 years old and fully satisfied with his life. During the follow-up period, he has never had significant physical or psychological problems directly concerning the rotationplasty. The analysis of quality of life using the SF36 questionnaire revealed even higher scores than the normal healthy population in seven out of eight sub-categories. Clinical examination revealed bland soft tissues without hyperkeratosis or other signs of maladaptation. Articular and cutaneous proprioception was intact all over the left leg. The active extension/flexion of the prosthetic knee was 0°-0°-100° and 10°-0°-70° of the ankle joint. Manual testing of motor strength revealed grade five of five for dorsiflexion and plantar flexion of the ankle. Gait patterns including climbing slopes and stairs were close to normal. Examination in sports physiology showed lower maximum power of hip and knee muscles compared to the healthy side, but better muscular endurance. These findings emphasize that rotationplasty can be a good alternative to arthrodesis or amputation in trauma patients providing high satisfaction and activity levels in the long-term follow-up. PMID:23266823

Petri, M; Omar, M; Horstmann, H; Brand, S; Krettek, C

2013-03-01

242

Course and predictors of physical aggressive behaviour after discharge from a psychiatric inpatient unit: 1 year follow-up.  

PubMed

The present study analyzes course and predictors of physically aggressive behaviour over a 1-year follow up in a sample of patients discharged from a psychiatric inpatient unit. One hundred and eighty-six patients discharged from a locked short-term Psychiatric Inpatient Unit at the Bologna University Hospital. After discharge, two data collection contacts at 1 month and at 1 year were scheduled. In particular, psychiatrists, nurses, and other professionals were interviewed by the research staff using the Overt Aggression Scale. About 20 % of discharged patients showed physical aggressiveness in subsequent follow-up contacts. Risk factors for physical violence in the short-time period were social problems and a longer time from the first psychiatric contact. Living in residential facilities and physical aggressiveness during hospitalization were correlated to violence in the long-time period. Risk factors for physically violent behaviour differed in the short-term and long-term follow-ups; different causes of violent behaviour could be hypothesized. PMID:22820931

Amore, Mario; Tonti, Cristina; Esposito, William; Baratta, Stefano; Berardi, Domenico; Menchetti, Marco

2013-08-01

243

The course of dysphoric affective and cognitive states in borderline personality disorder: a 10-year follow-up study.  

PubMed

The current study aimed to assess dysphoric states among 290 patients with borderline personality disorder (BPD) and 72 non-borderline axis II comparison subjects other personality disorders, (OPD) over a 10-year course of prospective follow-up. Additionally, we assessed the severity of these states among borderline patients who had and had not recovered both symptomatically and psychosocially. The Dysphoric Affect Scale (DAS) - a 50-item self-report measure of affective and cognitive states thought to be common among borderline patients and specific to the disorder - was administered at five waves of prospective follow-up. Affective and cognitive DAS items were separately analyzed, yielding respective subscores. Borderline patients reported more severe dysphoric states compared to OPD subjects at baseline. However, the severity of affective and cognitive states declined significantly for both groups taken together over 10 years of follow-up. Within the BPD group, recovered subjects reported less severe dysphoric states compared to non-recovered subjects at baseline. Results also showed a significant decline in DAS scores over time, but at a greater rate for recovered subjects. In sum, while the severity of dysphoric states declines significantly over time, inner distress remains an area of vulnerability for borderline subjects. Additionally, the severity and pervasiveness of these states may affect recovery over time. PMID:22326877

Reed, Lawrence Ian; Fitzmaurice, Garrett; Zanarini, Mary C

2012-03-30

244

Longitudinal pulmonary functional loss in cotton textile workers: A 5-year follow-up study  

PubMed Central

Background Occupational exposure to cotton dust causes several diseases affecting the lungs, but only limited information is available on effects of long-term exposure. In this study, we aimed to evaluate longitudinal changes in selected parameters of pulmonary function in textile workers. Material/Methods This prospective cohort study began with 196 textile workers in 2006 and was completed in 2011 with 49 workers. We used standardized tests for pulmonary function on participants on the first day of the workweek in June of 2006 and 2011. Environmental samples of cotton dust were gathered with a vertical elutriator. Loss of pulmonary function was assessed based on gender and smoking status. Results The mean number of years participants worked in the textile factory was 7.61±1.83 years, and the mean age was 35.3+5.8 years. The annual FEV1 loss of all workers was 53.2 ml, giving a ratio of annual FEV1 loss to baseline FEV1 of 1.4%. Pulmonary function parameters of all participants in 2011 were significantly lower than those in 2006 (for all, p<0.05). In both surveys, pulmonary function in current smokers was lower, but this difference was not significant (p>0.05). Conclusions This study provides the first data on pulmonary functional loss in Turkish textile workers and supports the findings of other cohort studies that workers with long-term exposure to cotton dust may lose some pulmonary function. The ratio of annual FEV1 loss to baseline FEV1 appears to be a more accurate and comparable method than annual FEV1 loss for evaluating pulmonary functional loss. PMID:24346118

Kahraman, Hasan; Sucakli, Mustafa Haki; Kilic, Talat; Celik, Mustafa; Koksal, Nurhan; Ekerbicer, Hasan Cetin

2013-01-01

245

Clozapine in Parkinson's disease psychosis: 5-year follow-up review.  

PubMed

The objective of this study was to monitor the long-term effect of clozapine administered to Parkinson's disease (PD) patients with psychosis. Confusion, visual hallucinations, and psychosis are major dose-limiting factors for long-term dopaminergic management of PD. Classic neuroleptic agents exacerbate the motor symptoms of the disease. For this reason, the introduction of atypical antipsychotic drugs has been a major advancement for the management of psychosis in patients with PD. Of them, clozapine is one of the most effective. Thirty-two patients (mean age, 73 years; mean disease duration, 12.2 years) with PD and psychosis (DSM-IV), 14 of them with dementia (DSM-IV), were followed for 5 years with periodic clinical evaluation, Mini Mental State Examination (MMSE), and Parkinsonian Psychosis Rating Scale (PPRS) administered before and following the study (at least once in 6 months). Periodic blood count was performed for tracking neutropenia. Nineteen patients (8 with dementia) have continued to receive clozapine (mean daily dose, 50 mg). Thirteen patients stopped medication: 9 because symptoms improved and did not return after weaning off clozapine; 3 patients because of somnolence; and 1 because of personal reasons. The average duration of treatment in those in whom medication was stopped was 8.5 months (range, 1-24 months). No correlation was found between age, sex, duration, and severity of disease (Yahr scoring), the presence of dementia, and the response to clozapine. Also, the PPRS scoring did not influence clozapine response. No case of neutropenia was found. According to the experience accumulated and the results of the present study, the authors believe clozapine is the best therapeutic choice currently available for the management of psychosis in patients with PD. PMID:12567158

Klein, Colin; Gordon, Jacob; Pollak, Lea; Rabey, J Martin

2003-01-01

246

Cognitive and Psychiatric Predictors to Psychosis in Velocardiofacial Syndrome: A 3-year follow-up study  

PubMed Central

Objective To predict prodromal psychosis in adolescents with velocardiofacial syndrome (VCFS). Method 70 youth with VCFS, 27 siblings of youth with VCFS and 25 community controls were followed from childhood (Mean age = 11.8 years) into mid-adolescence (mean age 15.0 years). Psychological tests measuring intelligence, academic achievement, learning/memory, attention and executive functioning as well as measures of parent and clinician ratings of child psychiatric functioning were completed at both time points. Results Major depressive disorder, oppositional defiant disorder and generalized anxiety disorder diagnoses increased in the VCFS sample. With very low false positives, the best predictor of adolescent prodromal psychotic symptoms was parent ratings of childhood odd/eccentric symptoms and child performance on a measure of executive functioning, the Wisconsin Card Sorting Test. Conclusions Similar to the non-VCFS prodromal psychosis literature, a combination of cognitive and psychiatric variables appears to predict psychosis in adolescence. A child with VCFS who screens positive is noteworthy and demands clinical attention. PMID:20410726

Antshel, Kevin M.; Shprintzen, Robert; Fremont, Wanda; Higgins, Anne Marie; Faraone, Stephen V.; Kates, Wendy R.

2010-01-01

247

Changing network support for drinking: network support project 2-year follow-up.  

PubMed

The Network Support Project was designed to determine whether a treatment could lead patients to change their social network from one that supports drinking to one that supports sobriety. This study reports 2-year posttreatment outcomes. Alcohol-dependent men and women (N = 210) were randomly assigned to 1 of 3 outpatient treatment conditions: network support (NS), network support + contingency management (NS + CM), or case management (CaseM, a control condition). Analysis of drinking rates indicated that the NS condition yielded up to 20% more days abstinent than the other conditions at 2 years posttreatment. NS treatment also resulted in greater increases at 15 months in social network support for abstinence, as well as in AA attendance and AA involvement than did the other conditions. Latent growth modeling suggested that social network changes were accompanied by increases in self-efficacy and coping that were strongly predictive of long-term drinking outcomes. The findings indicate that a network support treatment can effect long-term adaptive changes in drinkers' social networks and that these changes contribute to improved drinking outcomes in the long term. PMID:19309183

Litt, Mark D; Kadden, Ronald M; Kabela-Cormier, Elise; Petry, Nancy M

2009-04-01

248

Self-rated health and survival: a 7-year follow-up study of Australian elderly.  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVES. This study tested the hypothesis, from North American findings, that global self-ratings of health predict survival for older Australians. METHODS. A stratified sample of Australians 60 years of age and older surveyed in 1981 was resurveyed in 1988. Cox proportional hazard general linear models were constructed separately for men and women to predict survival over 7 years. RESULTS. Better self-ratings of health had an incremental association with survival for women, but only men with poor ratings had significantly worse survival than others. After major illnesses, comorbidities, disability, depression, and social support were controlled for, poor ratings of health for both men and women were not significantly different from excellent ratings in predicting survival. Only women's good and fair health ratings remained significant predictors. CONCLUSIONS. People rate their health as poor on the objective basis of illness and disability. Australian findings show gender differences relative to North American results; methodological differences and site and gender variability in health profiles are discussed as reasons for the varying results. PMID:8017532

McCallum, J; Shadbolt, B; Wang, D

1994-01-01

249

Decreasing of residual alveolar ridge height in complete denture wearers. A five year follow up study.  

PubMed

The resorption of the residual alveolar ridges is a chronic and continuous process of bone remodeling. The aim of this study was to analyse the rate of residual ridge resorption at different sites in the both jaws in complete denture wearers, through a five-year period of denture wearing. Residual ridge changes were measured on successive lateral cephalograms at 5 measurement points of the maxilla and the mandible. The first lateral radiograph was obtained at the delivery of complete dentures. The second lateral cephalogram was obtained after five years of denture wearing. Measurements were performed using a calibrated grid. The results of this study showed the existence of a significant alveolar ridge resorption at all five measurement points of the maxilla and the mandible. The observed variables, such as body mass index and the night time denture wearing had no significant influence on the rate of residual alveolar ridge resorption (p > 0.05). The duration of edentulousness had a significant influence on the rate of residual ridge resorption with significantly higher amounts of alveolar bone height decrease in those patients who had lost the last remaining teeth more recently. PMID:20977102

Kovaci?, Ivan; Celebi?, Asja; Zlatari?, Dubravka Knezovi?; Petricevi?, Nikola; Bukovi?, Dino; Bitanga, Petar; Mikeli?, Branimira; Tadin, Antonija; Mehuli?, Ketij; Ognjenovi?, Marina

2010-09-01

250

Management of Late Onset Perthes: Evaluation of Distraction by External Fixator—5-Year Follow-Up  

PubMed Central

Background. Hip distraction in Perthes' disease unloads the joint, which negates the harmful effect of the stresses on the articular surfaces, which may promote the sound healing of the area of necrosis. We have examined the effect of arthrodiastasis on the preservation of the femoral head in older children with Perthes' disease. Methods and Materials. Twelve children with age more than 8 years with Perthes' disease of less than one year were treated with hip distraction by a hinged monolateral external fixator. Observation and Results. Mean duration of distraction was 13.9 days. These children were evaluated by clinicoradiological parameters for a mean period of 32.4 months. There was a significant improvement in the range of movements and mean epiphyseal index, but the change in the percentage of uncovered head femur was insignificant. There was significant improvement in Harris Hip score. Conclusions. Hip distraction by hinged monolateral external fixator seems to be a valid treatment option in cases with Perthes' disease in the selected group of patients, where poor results are expected from conventional treatment. PMID:25580302

Srivastava, Rajeshwar N.; Shukla, Prashant; Pushkar, Amit; Ali, Sabir

2014-01-01

251

Alcohol advertising in college newspapers: a 7-year follow-up.  

PubMed

The authors report on the frequency and nature of alcohol advertisements in a representative sample of college newspapers from 1984/85 and compare these with results of a similar study conducted 7 years earlier, in 1977/78. On average, nearly 24 column inches of space per issue were devoted to national alcohol advertisements in 1984/85. This represents a significant decrease from an earlier period. The space devoted to national alcohol advertisements, however, still far exceeded that for comparison products (books, soft drinks). Local alcohol advertisements averaged 20 column inches per issue and were somewhat more frequent than in the previous study. The content of the advertisements differed markedly from the messages presented 7 years earlier. Although national alcohol advertisements in 1977/78 frequently ridiculed education and study, none did so in 1984/85, when appeals were to taste and product quality instead. Fantasy themes also were relatively common. Very few national alcohol advertisements featured athletes or group drinking. Sponsorship of campus activities by the alcohol industry, however, had increased since the earlier study. In contrast to national advertisements, many local advertisements consisted of inducements to drink through special offers and happy hours. Some encouraged irresponsible and heavy drinking. Interestingly, alcohol advertisements were just as frequent in papers from states with higher minimum drinking ages and were more frequent in papers from campuses with higher proportions of women students. PMID:2355143

Breed, W; Wallack, L; Grube, J W

1990-05-01

252

FOUR-YEAR FOLLOW-UP OF PREGNANCY-ASSOCIATED OSTEOPOROSIS: A CASE REPORT.  

PubMed

A 22-year-old woman presented with complaints of severe pain in a wide region of the thoracolumbar spine. She developed severe pain in the thoracolumbar spine region 2 months after her first delivery and was referred 1 month later. A lateral thoracic X-ray showed depressed degenerative vertebrae (T7, T9). One month after the initial examination, thoracic sagittal magnetic resonance imaging showed low intensity areas on T1-weighted imaging and iso-high intensity areas on T2-weighted imaging at T5, 7, 8, 9 and 11. Bone mineral density measured by ultrasound was low (%YAM 76%). The bone metabolic markers were high, suggesting accelerated osteoclast activity. These findings prompted a diagnosis of pregnancy-associated osteoporosis. She was asked to stop breastfeeding and to wear a lumbar brace, and treatment with nutritional calcium, activated vitamin D3, and risedronate sodium was started. Her low back pain almost disappeared after treatment. Bone metabolic markers showed normalization 8 months after the initial examination. Risedronate sodium was stopped 2 years and 2 months after the initial examination. Teriparatide treatment was started because her bone mineral density remained low; however, the osteoblast marker P1NP was not increased 5 months after the start of teriparatide treatment. PMID:25283976

Takahashi, Naoto; Arai, Itaru; Kayama, Satoru; Ichiji, Kenji; Fukuda, Hironari; Handa, Jun-Ichi; Konno, Shin-Ichi

2014-10-01

253

Treatment for combat-related posttraumatic stress disorder: two-year follow-up.  

PubMed

This study reports on outcomes 2 years following completion of specialist veteran posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) treatment programs in 2,223 (reduced to 1,508 at 24 months) consecutive admissions. Self-report measures of PTSD, anxiety, depression, anger, alcohol use, and general functioning were obtained at admission, 6, 12, and 24 months after admission. Significant improvements were demonstrated at 6 months, with smaller gains continuing through to 24-month assessment. Within subject effect sizes of around 0.8 were obtained for PTSD and around 0.5 for anxiety and depression. Although lack of a control group limits the extent to which improvements can be attributed to the treatment program, the data suggest that specialized treatment programs for combat-related PTSD continue to be of value. PMID:17075893

Creamer, Mark; Elliott, Peter; Forbes, David; Biddle, Dirk; Hawthorne, Graeme

2006-10-01

254

Homocysteine as a Risk Factor for Hypertension: A 2-Year Follow-Up Study  

PubMed Central

Homocysteine (Hcy) is regarded as a risk factor for hypertension, but research on the causal relationship between Hcy and hypertension is limited. In the present study, we prospectively tracked the blood pressure progression of a normotensive population with different Hcy levels over a 2-year period. The incidence of hypertension with increasing Hcy quartiles produced an approximately U-shaped curve, with significance in males. Compared with the third quartile, the risk of hypertension in the first and second quartiles was increased by 1.55 (95% confidence interval [CI] 1.154–2.081) fold and 1.501 (95% CI 1.119–2.013) fold, respectively, with the increase being more significant in males. In conclusion, Hcy is related to hypertension incidence with the results approximating an U-shaped curve. Low Hcy levels might also increase the risk of hypertension. PMID:25310282

Yao, Tao; Li, DongQing; Wang, YanXiu; Li, YuQing; Wu, ShouLing; Cai, Jun

2014-01-01

255

Arthroscopic partial meniscectomy: a 12-year follow-up and two-step evaluation of the long-term course.  

PubMed

The long-term results after arthroscopic partial meniscectomy of 119 patients with a mean follow-up of 12 years are presented in this study. The same series of patients had an earlier follow-up 4 years postoperatively. Thus, an evaluation of the actual long-term course and not only a single result after partial meniscectomy is presented. Arthroscopic partial meniscectomy is shown to be the definitive means of therapy for meniscal lesion of the knee joint; 91.7% of patients had an excellent or good result 4 years after surgery, and 78.1% rated excellent or good 12 years after surgery. Full recovery regarding ability to work and sports activity level was achieved in a very high percentage of patients. Early results were mostly representative and did not change significantly during the long-term course for the isolated meniscal lesion. The factor with the highest impact on long-term results was damage to the articular cartilage, which did not influence knee function for several years after surgery but became increasingly symptomatic over time after 5 years and more. Only 62% of patients with additional cartilage damage rated excellent and good 12 years after surgery, in contrast with 94.8% good and excellent results in patients with isolated meniscal tears. Similar observations were made for the untreated rupture of the anterior cruciate ligament. PMID:9531123

Schimmer, R C; Brülhart, K B; Duff, C; Glinz, W

1998-03-01

256

Pulmonary function in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis: a 25 year follow up after surgery or start of brace treatment  

PubMed Central

BACKGROUND—Pulmonary function in patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis many years after posterior spinal surgery or brace treatment has not been documented.?METHODS—A consecutive group of patients treated by posterior fusion or a brace at least 20 years previously was investigated. 90% attended a clinical follow up. Lung volumes were determined before treatment in 251 patients, 1.4 years after surgery in 141 patients, and 25 years after surgery or start of brace treatment in 110patients. Vital capacity (VC) was calculated as percentage predicted according to height and age and the results were corrected for loss of height due to scoliosis. Scoliosis angles were measured and smoking habits were recorded. An age and sex matched control group was also examined with the same questionnaire and pulmonary function tests.?RESULTS—VC increased from 67% predicted immediately before surgery to 73% (p<0.001) after surgery and to 84% (p<0.001) at the present follow up, mean change 10.8% (95% CI 9.5 to 12.1). In the brace treated patients VC increased from 77% predicted before treatment to 89% (p<0.001) 25 years after start of treatment, mean change 12.3% (95% CI 10.5 to 14.1). The mean Cobb angle at the present follow up study was 40° in both surgically and brace treated patients. The present results of lung volumes did not correlate with pretreatment or post-treatment Cobb angles or smoking habits.?CONCLUSIONS—Patients treated by posterior fusion or a brace gradually increase their pulmonary function up to 25 years after treatment. Smoking and curve size are not risk factors for reduced pulmonary function.?? PMID:11312408

Pehrsson, K; Danielsson, A; Nachemson, A

2001-01-01

257

The First Two Years of Electromagnetic Follow-Up with Advanced LIGO and Virgo  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We anticipate the first direct detections of gravitational waves with Advanced LIGO and Virgo later this decade. Though this groundbreaking technical achievement will be its own reward, a still greater prize could be observations of compact binary mergers in both gravitational and electromagnetic channels simultaneously. During Advanced LIGO and Virgo's first two years of operation, 2015 through 2016, we expect the global gravitational-wave detector array to improve in sensitivity and livetime and expand from two to three detectors. We model the detection rate and the sky localization accuracy for binary neutron star mergers across this transition. We have analyzed a large, astrophysically motivated source population using real-time detection and sky localization codes and higher-latency parameter estimation codes that have been expressly built for operation in the Advanced LIGO/Virgo era. We show that for most binary neutron star events the rapid sky localization, available about a minute after a detection, is as accurate as the full parameter estimation. We demonstrate that Advanced Virgo will play an important role in sky localization, even though it is anticipated to come online with only 1/3 as much sensitivity as the Advanced LIGO detectors. We find that the median 90% confidence region shrinks from ~500 square degrees in 2015 to ~200 square degrees in 2016. From hundreds of simulated events unfold some likely detection scenarios.

Farr, Benjamin F.; Singer, Leo; Price, Larry; Urban, Alex; Pankow, Chris; Vitale, Salvatore; Veitch, John; Farr, Will; Hanna, Chad; Cannon, Kipp; Downes, Tom; Graff, Philip; Haster, Carl-Johan; Mandel, Ilya; Sidery, Trevor; Vecchio, Alberto

2014-08-01

258

Raynaud phenomenon and mortality: 20+ years of follow-up of the Charleston Heart Study cohort  

PubMed Central

Background Raynaud phenomenon (RP) is a temporary vasoconstrictive condition that often manifests itself in the fingers in response to cold or stress. It often co-occurs with certain chronic diseases that impact mortality. Our objective was to determine whether RP has any independent association with survival. Methods From 1987–1989, a total of 830 participants of the Charleston Heart Study cohort completed an in-person RP screening questionnaire. Two definitions of RP were used: a broad definition that included both blanching (pallor) and cyanotic color changes and a narrow definition that included only blanching. All-cause and cardiovascular disease (CVD) mortality were compared between subjects with and without RP using race-specific survival models that adjusted for age, sex, baseline CVD, and 10-year risk of coronary heart disease. Results Using the narrow RP definition, we identified a significant interaction between older age and the presence of RP on all-cause mortality. In the broad RP definition model, the presence of RP was not associated with CVD mortality among blacks; however, among whites, the presence of RP was associated with a 1.6-fold increase in the hazard associated with CVD-related death (hazard ratio: 1.55, 95% confidence interval: 1.10–2.20, P=0.013). Conclusion RP was independently associated with mortality among older adults in our cohort. Among whites, RP was associated with increased CVD-related death. It is possible that RP may be a sign of undiagnosed vascular disease.

Nietert, Paul J; Shaftman, Stephanie R; Silver, Richard M; Wolf, Bethany J; Egan, Brent M; Hunt, Kelly J; Smith, Edwin A

2015-01-01

259

The First Two Years of Electromagnetic Follow-Up with Advanced LIGO and Virgo  

E-print Network

We anticipate the first direct detections of gravitational waves (GWs) with Advanced LIGO and Virgo later this decade. Though this groundbreaking technical achievement will be its own reward, a still greater prize could be observations of compact binary mergers in both gravitational and electromagnetic channels simultaneously. During Advanced LIGO and Virgo's first two years of operation, 2015 through 2016, we expect the global GW detector array to improve in sensitivity and livetime and expand from two to three detectors. We model the detection rate and the sky localization accuracy for binary neutron star (BNS) mergers across this transition. We have analyzed a large, astrophysically motivated source population using real-time detection and sky localization codes and higher-latency parameter estimation codes that have been expressly built for operation in the Advanced LIGO/Virgo era. We show that for most BNS events the rapid sky localization, available about a minute after a detection, is as accurate as the full parameter estimation. We demonstrate that Advanced Virgo will play an important role in sky localization, even though it is anticipated to come online with only one-third as much sensitivity as the Advanced LIGO detectors. We find that the median 90% confidence region shrinks from ~500 square degrees in 2015 to ~200 square degrees in 2016. A few distinct scenarios for the first LIGO/Virgo detections emerge from our simulations.

Leo P. Singer; Larry R. Price; Ben Farr; Alex L. Urban; Chris Pankow; Salvatore Vitale; John Veitch; Will M. Farr; Chad Hanna; Kipp Cannon; Tom Downes; Philip Graff; Carl-Johan Haster; Ilya Mandel; Trevor Sidery; Alberto Vecchio

2014-10-22

260

Rheumatoid-like deformities in Parkinson’s disease with 1-year follow-up: case report and literature review  

Microsoft Academic Search

Rheumatoid-like deformities in joints are uncommon in patients with Parkinson’s disease and easy to be misdiagnosed with rheumatoid\\u000a arthritis. Therefore, unnecessary treatment is often initiated. Here, we report a case of a 60-year-old woman with Parkinson’s\\u000a disease developing a rheumatoid-like joint deformities, and evaluate 1-year follow-up outcome. We also review the literature\\u000a and discuss the clinical characteristics, possible pathogenesis, and

Xiaoming Shu; Guochun Wang; Xin Lu; Yao Xie

2010-01-01

261

Mental health and well-being in a 6-year follow-up of patients with depression  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background  Psychiatric patients have the right to strive for well-being and not only be confined to symptom reduction. Studies are needed\\u000a to assess global well-being during recovery from depression by comparing the assessments of patients and clinicians.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Method  A 6-year natural follow-up of 185 depressive out-patients was carried out with health questionnaires at baseline, 0.5, 1,\\u000a 2 and 6 years, including scales on

Heli Koivumaa-Honkanen; Timo K. Tuovinen; Kirsi Honkalampi; Risto Antikainen; Jukka Hintikka; Kaisa Haatainen; Heimo Viinamäki

2008-01-01

262

Goserelin acetate (Zoladex) plus endometrial ablation for dysfunctional uterine bleeding: a 3-year follow-up evaluation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: To report the results of a 3-year follow-up evaluation of a trial comparing goserelin acetate depot injections with sham injections before endometrial ablation for the treatment of dysfunctional uterine bleeding (DUB).Design: Prospective, randomized, double-blind, parallel-group study.Setting: Thirty-seven centers in 12 countries.Patient(s): Three-hundred and fifty-eight premenopausal women aged over 30 years with DUB.Intervention(s): Goserelin acetate (3.6 mg depot) every 28

J Donnez; G Vilos; M. J Gannon; R Maheux; M. H Emanuel; O Istre

2001-01-01

263

Prospective two year follow up study comparing novel and conventional imaging procedures in patients with arthritic finger joints  

PubMed Central

Objective: To carry out a prospective two year follow up study comparing conventional radiography, three-phase bone scintigraphy, ultrasonography (US), and three dimensional (3D) magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) with precontrast and dynamic postcontrast examination in detecting early arthritis. The aim of the follow up study was to monitor the course of erosions during treatment with disease modifying antirheumatic drugs by different modalities and to determine whether the radiographically occult changes like erosive bone lesions of the finger joints detected by MRI and US in the initial study would show up on conventional radiographs two years later. Additionally, to study the course of soft tissue lesions depicted in the initial study in comparison with the clinical findings. Methods: The metacarpophalangeal, proximal interphalangeal, and distal interphalangeal joints (14 joints) of the clinically more severely affected hand (soft tissue swelling and joint tenderness) as determined in the initial study of 49 patients with various forms of arthritis were examined twice. The patients had initially been divided into two groups. The follow up group I included 28 subjects (392 joints) without radiographic signs of destructive arthritis (Larsen grades 0–1) of the investigated hand and wrist, and group II (control group) included 21 patients (294 joints) with radiographs showing erosions (Larsen grade 2) of the investigated hand or wrist, or both, at the initial examination. Results: (1) Radiography at the two year follow up detected only two erosions (two patients) in group I and 10 (nine patients) additional erosions in group II. Initial MRI had already detected both erosions in group I and seven (seven patients) of the 10 erosions in group II. Initial US had depicted one erosion in group I and four of the 10 erosions in group II. (2) In contrast with conventional radiography, 3D MRI and US demonstrated an increase in erosions in comparison with the initial investigation. (3) The abnormal findings detected by scintigraphy were decreased at the two year follow up. (4) Both groups showed a marked clinical improvement of synovitis and tenosynovitis, as also shown by MRI and US. (5) There was a striking discrepancy between the decrease in the soft tissue lesions as demonstrated by clinical findings, MRI, and US, and the significant increase in erosive bone lesions, which were primarily evident at MRI and US. Conclusions: Despite clinical improvement and a regression of inflammatory soft tissue lesions, erosive bone lesions were increased at the two year follow up, which were more pronounced with 3D MRI and less pronounced with US. The results of our study suggest that owing to the inadequate depiction of erosions and soft tissue lesions, conventional radiography alone has limitations in the intermediate term follow up of treatment. US has a high sensitivity for depicting inflammatory soft tissue lesions, but dynamic 3D MRI is more sensitive in differentiating minute erosions. PMID:12228160

Backhaus, M; Burmester, G; Sandrock, D; Loreck, D; Hess, D; Scholz, A; Blind, S; Hamm, B; Bollow, M

2002-01-01

264

Stability of anterior crossbite correction: A randomized controlled trial with a 2-year follow-up.  

PubMed

Abstract Objective: To compare and evaluate the stability of correction of anterior crossbite in the mixed dentition by fixed or removable appliance therapy. Material and Methods: The subjects were 64 consecutive patients who met the following inclusion criteria: early to late mixed dentition, anterior crossbite affecting one or more incisors, no inherent skeletal Class III discrepancy, moderate space deficiency, a nonextraction treatment plan, and no previous orthodontic treatment. The study was designed as a randomized controlled trial with two parallel arms. The patients were randomized for treatment with a removable appliance with protruding springs or with a fixed appliance with multibrackets. The outcome measures were success rates for crossbite correction, overjet, overbite, and arch length. Measurements were made on study casts before treatment (T0), at the end of the retention period (T1), and 2 years after retention (T2). Results: At T1 the anterior crossbite had been corrected in all patients in the fixed appliance group and all except one in the removable appliance group. At T2, almost all treatment results remained stable and equal in both groups. From T0 to T1, minor differences were observed between the fixed and removable appliance groups with respect to changes in overjet, overbite, and arch length measurements. These changes had no clinical implications and remained unaltered at T2. Conclusions: In the mixed dentition, anterior crossbite affecting one or more incisors can be successfully corrected by either fixed or removable appliances with similar long-term stability; thus, either type of appliance can be recommended. PMID:25004240

Wiedel, Anna-Paulina; Bondemark, Lars

2014-07-01

265

Functional disability in medication management and driving among individuals with HIV: A 1-year follow-up study  

PubMed Central

Approximately 50% of individuals with HIV report cognitive deficits that can affect social or occupational functioning. The present study used a longitudinal design (1 year) to examine the relationship between cognitive factors and incidental functional deficits in medication management and driving ability among a cohort of 101 HIV+ participants. Participants were classified into groups of functionally “stable” and “disabled” for each laboratory-based functional task (i.e., Medication Management Task–Revised, MMT–R, and PC-based driving simulator). We hypothesized that participants who exhibited a functional deficit in either MMT–R or driving at follow-up assessment would demonstrate significantly poorer baseline cognitive performance at study entry than participants who remained functionally stable. As hypothesized, participants who demonstrated significantly lower baseline performance in learning/memory and executive functioning also demonstrated functional disability on the MMT–R at follow-up when compared to functionally stable participants. Poor baseline performance in speed of information processing was associated with a deficit in driving ability at follow-up assessment. Our results suggest that lower baseline cognitive functioning predicts downstream functional disability, and that deficits in learning/memory and information processing speed are particularly predictive of deficits in medication management and driving ability. PMID:23237014

Thames, April D.; Arentoft, Alyssa; Rivera-Mindt, Monica; Hinkin, Charles H.

2013-01-01

266

The siblings of childhood cancer patients need early support: a follow up study over the first year  

PubMed Central

Background and methods: In a 1 year follow up study, we assessed the life situation of 33 siblings of childhood cancer patients and 357 healthy controls. The hypothesis was that siblings have more behavioural and health related problems just after the cancer diagnosis. Validated assessment methods were used. Results: Siblings below school age tended to have conduct problems, psychosomatic problems, and a mixed group of other behavioural problems, when assessed 3 months after the cancer diagnosis. These symptoms became less evident during follow up. Among the school aged siblings, however, conduct problems, learning problems, psychosomatic problems, impulsive-hyperactive symptoms, and other behavioural symptoms remained unchanged during follow up. In their self assessments, the school aged siblings showed both state and trait anxiety more often than controls at the first assessment, but later these symptoms settled to the same level as the controls. The overall Children's Depression Inventory (CDI) depression scores did not show differences between the study groups. Conclusions: The ratings of the parents were in keeping with the self assessment of the school aged siblings only in a few aspects; the emphasis of findings can be changed when proxies are used. The siblings have symptoms and adverse feelings which probably could be relieved by targeted, early information about the illness, and possibly by group discussions or activities, soon after the cancer diagnosis. In order to obtain necessary support for the siblings with educational problems, school personnel need to be informed about the sibling distress. PMID:15499052

Lahteenmaki, P; Sjoblom, J; Korhonen, T; Salmi, T

2004-01-01

267

Disaster preparedness of poison control centers in the USA: a 15-year follow-up study.  

PubMed

There is limited published literature on the extent to which United States (US) Poison Control Centers (PCCs) are prepared for responding to disasters. We describe PCCs' disaster preparedness activities and compare and contrast these results to those previously reported in the medical literature. We also describe the extent to which PCCs are engaged in disaster and terrorism preparedness planning and other public health roles such as surveillance. An electronic questionnaire was sent via email to the managing directors of the 57 member PCCs of the American Association of Poison Control Centers. Collected data included the population served and number of calls received, extent of disaster preparedness including the presence of a written disaster plan and elements included in that plan, the presence and nature of regular disaster drills, experience with disaster including periods of inability to operate, involvement in terrorism and disaster preparedness/response policy development, and public health surveillance of US PCCs. Descriptive statistics were performed on collected data. Comparisons with the results from a previously published survey were performed. A response was obtained from 40/57 (70 %) PCCs. Each PCC serves a larger population (p?year (p?=?0.0009) than the previous descriptions of PCC preparedness. More centers report the presence of a written disaster plan (p?

Darracq, Michael A; Clark, Richard F; Jacoby, Irving; Vilke, Gary M; DeMers, Gerard; Cantrell, F Lee

2014-03-01

268

Prognosis and follow-up of 135 patients with ischemic colitis over a five-year period  

PubMed Central

AIM: To study the prognosis (recurrence and mortality) of patients with ischemic colitis (IC). METHODS: This study was conducted in four Spanish hospitals, participants in the Ischemic Colitis in Spain study We analyzed prospectively 135 consecutive patients who met criteria for definitive or probable IC according to Brandt criteria, and follow up these patients during the next five years, retrospectively. Long-term results (recurrence and mortality) were evaluated retrospectively after a median interval of 62 mo (range 54-75 mo). RESULTS: Estimated IC recurrence rates were 2.9%, 5.1%, 8.1% and 9.7% at years 1, 2, 3 and 5 years, respectively. Five-year survival was 69% (93 of 135) and 24% (10 of 42 patients) died for causes related to the IC. Among these 10 patients, 8 died in their first episode at hospital (4 had gangrenous colitis and 4 fulminant colitis) and 2 due to recurrence. CONCLUSION: The five-year recurrence rate of IC was low. On the other hand, mortality during follow-up was high and was not associated with ischemic colitis. PMID:24307798

Cosme, Angel; Montoro, Miguel; Santolaria, Santos; Sanchez-Puertolas, Ana B; Ponce, Marta; Durán, Margarita; Cabriada, Jose Luis; Borda, Nerea; Sarasqueta, Cristina; Bujanda, Luis

2013-01-01

269

Two-Year Follow-Up of a Prospective Clinical Trial of Cyclosporine for Frequently Relapsing Nephrotic Syndrome in Children  

PubMed Central

Summary Background and objectives Although the safety and efficacy of cyclosporine in children with frequently relapsing nephrotic syndrome (FRNS) have been confirmed, no prospective follow-up data on relapse after cyclosporine have appeared. This study is a prospective follow-up trial after 2-year treatment with cyclosporine to investigate cyclosporine dependency after its discontinuation. Design, setting, participants, & measurements Participants who had undergone 2-year protocol treatment with microemulsified cyclosporine for FRNS between January 2000 and December 2005 were followed for an additional 2 years. The primary end point was relapse-free survival after the complete discontinuation of cyclosporine, and the secondary end point was regression-free survival (time to regression to FRNS). Results After exclusion of 7 patients who showed regression to FRNS during the 2-year treatment period, 49 children (median age, 6.5 years) were followed, and classified as children without (n=32; group A) and with (n=17; group B) relapse during the initial cyclosporine treatment. Overall, relapse-free survival probability at 24 months after cyclosporine discontinuation was 15.3% and regression to FRNS-free survival probability was 40.8%. By group, the probability of relapse-free survival was significantly higher in group A (17.9%) than in group B (8.3%) (P<0.001). Conclusions Children with FRNS who receive cyclosporine are at high risk of relapse after discontinuation, particularly those who experience relapse during cyclosporine treatment. PMID:22837276

Yoshikawa, Norishige; Nakazato, Hitoshi; Sasaki, Satoshi; Iijima, Kazumoto; Nakanishi, Koichi; Matsuyama, Takeshi; Ito, Shuichi; Yata, Nahoko; Ando, Takashi; Honda, Masataka

2012-01-01

270

Procedural Outcome and One Year Follow up of Patients Undergoing Endovascular Stenting for Coarctation of Aorta: A Single Center Study  

PubMed Central

Introduction: Coarctation of aorta is the fourth most common cardiac lesion requiring intervention. While surgery used to be the only treatment option, endovascular intervention is now considered the first option in simple coarctation lesions. Despite increased popularity, there are currently no FDA approved stents for use in coarctation of aorta and data on the outcome of this procedure is still sparse. Methods: Between October 2004 and June 2010, 33 patients who underwent treatment with Cheatham-Platinum stents for coarctation of aorta were retrospectively studied. All the patients underwent control CT scans at 6 month and echocardiography at 1 year follow-up. Results: There were 17 females and 16 males with a mean age of 26.64 ± 16.30 years (range 2-71 years). The mean stent length and balloon diameter were 3.18 ± 0.56 mm and 15.7 ± 3.12 mm respectively. We achieved an immediate success rate of 96.9% with the only complication of aortic rupture which led to our single mortality in this series. At 6 month follow up no complications were noted in the CT scans. The mean echocardiographic aortic arch gradient at one year follow up was 21.73 ± 11.06 mmHg. Conclusion: This study is one of the few cohorts of patients with stenting for coarctation of aorta in Iranian population which comprised a diverse group of patients from early childhood to elderly. It was demonstrated in this study that stenting for coarctation of aorta is a safe and effective procedure if done carefully and performed in selected patients. PMID:25031828

Ostovan, Mohammad Ali; Kojuri, Javad; Mokhtaryan, Maryam; Razazi, Vida; Zolghadrasli, Abdolali

2014-01-01

271

Prediction of Treatment Response at 5-Year Follow-up in a Randomized Clinical Trial of Behaviorally Based Couple Therapies.  

PubMed

Objective: Building on earlier work examining predictors of short- and moderate-term treatment response, demographic, intrapersonal, communication, and interpersonal variables were examined as predictors of clinically significant outcomes 5 years after couples completed 1 of 2 behaviorally based couple therapies. Method: One hundred and thirty-four couples were randomly assigned to Integrative Behavioral Couple Therapy (IBCT; Jacobson & Christensen, 1998) or Traditional Behavioral Couple Therapy (TBCT; Jacobson & Margolin, 1979) and followed for 5 years after treatment. Outcomes include clinically significant change categories of relationship satisfaction and marital status at 5-year follow-up. Optimal subsets of predictors were selected using an automated, bootstrapped selection procedure based on Bayesian information criterion. Results: Higher levels of commitment and being married for a longer period of time were associated with decreased likelihood of divorce or separation (odds ratio [OR] = 1.39, p = .004; OR = 0.91, p = .015). Being married for a longer period of time was also associated with increased likelihood of positive, clinically significant change (OR = 1.12, p = .029). Finally, higher levels of wife-desired closeness were associated with increased odds of positive, clinically significant change and decreased odds of divorce for moderately distressed, IBCT couples (OR = 1.16, p = .002; OR = 0.85, p = .007, respectively), whereas the opposite was true for moderately distressed, TBCT couples (OR = 0.77, p < .001; OR = 1.17, p = .002, respectively). Conclusions: Commitment-related variables are associated with clinically significant outcomes at 5-year follow-up as well as at termination and moderate-term follow-up. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2014 APA, all rights reserved). PMID:25265544

Baucom, Brian R; Atkins, David C; Rowe, Lorelei Simpson; Doss, Brian D; Christensen, Andrew

2014-09-29

272

5-year follow-up study of children with low-to-moderate lead absorption: electrophysiological evaluation  

SciTech Connect

Forty-nine children aged 6 to 12 years were evaluated for residual effects of lead exposure using psychometric, electrophysiological, and medical tests 5 years after initial assessment. The original range of blood lead (PbB) levels was 6-59 (anti x = 28) g/dl; the current range was 6-30 (anti x = 14) g/dl. A linear relationship between PbB and slow brain wave voltage during sensory conditioning was observed at initial evaluation and at 2-year follow-up. No significant relationship between PbB and slow wave voltage during passive conditioning was found at the 5-year follow-up, although a linear increase in slow wave negativity relative to the current PbB level during active conditioning was suggested by exploratory analyses. Another exploratory analysis revealed a significant linear relationship between the original PbB levels and the latency of waves III and V of the brainstem auditory evoked potential. The latency of both waves increased as a function of original PbB. Increased latency of these waves is suggestive of subclinical pathology of the auditory pathway rostral to the cochlear nucleus, although end-organ impairment cannot be ruled out. No threshold for the effect of Pb on auditory function was apparent.

Otto, D.; Robinson, G.; Baumann, S.; Schroeder, S.; Mushak, P.; Kleinbaum, D.; Boone, L.

1985-10-01

273

Acetabular Reconstruction with the Burch-Schneider Antiprotrusio Cage and Bulk Allografts: Minimum 10-Year Follow-Up Results  

PubMed Central

Reconstruction of severe pelvic bone loss is a challenging problem in hip revision surgery. Between January 1992 and December 2000, 97 hips with periprosthetic osteolysis underwent acetabular revision using bulk allografts and the Burch-Schneider antiprotrusio cage (APC). Twenty-nine patients (32 implants) died for unrelated causes without additional surgery. Sixty-five hips were available for clinical and radiographic assessment at an average follow-up of 14.6 years (range, 10.0 to 18.9 years). There were 16 male and 49 female patients, aged from 29 to 83 (median, 60 years), with Paprosky IIIA (27 cases) and IIIB (38 cases) acetabular bone defects. Nine cages required rerevision because of infection (3), aseptic loosening (5), and flange breakage (1). The average Harris hip score improved from 33.1 points preoperatively to 75.6 points at follow-up (P < 0.001). Radiographically, graft incorporation and cage stability were detected in 48 and 52 hips, respectively. The cumulative survival rates at 18.9 years with removal for any reason or X-ray migration of the cage and aseptic or radiographic loosening as the end points were 80.0% and 84.6%, respectively. The use of the Burch-Schneider APC and massive allografts is an effective technique for the reconstructive treatment of extensive acetabular bone loss with long-lasting survival. PMID:24967339

Sandri, Andrea

2014-01-01

274

Frontal suspension for congenital ptosis using an expanded polytetrafluoroethylene (Gore-Tex®) sheet: one-year follow-up  

PubMed Central

Background The frontalis suspension technique is the surgical method of choice in patients with ptosis and a levator function of 4 mm or less. Several types of materials have been used, including Gore-Tex®, which has been used successfully as a frontalis sling material since 1986. Recently, a Gore-Tex sheet (wider than a sling or strip) suspension was reported. This paper reports the results of 27 eyes from 20 patients with congenital ptosis treated using the frontalis suspension technique with the newly developed Gore-Tex Most Versatile Patch (MVP) sheet. Methods All patients underwent surgery between April 2007 and September 2011 and were followed up for at least one year. The average follow-up duration was 18 months, with a range of 12–36 months. The average patient age was 45 (5–85) years, and the group included 11 males and nine females. Thirteen cases demonstrated ptosis in one eye, and seven cases involved both eyes. The patients were divided by age into a younger group and an older group. All ptosis procedures were performed using the Gore-Tex MVP sheet. The implant was normally 7 mm wide for adults and 5 mm wide for children. The implantation method was the same as that used for the sheet shape fascia. Results In all patients, satisfactory functional results were observed at the 6-month follow-up examination. Eyelid opening heights were also obtained. The average marginal reflex distance (MRD) was ?0.5 mm preoperatively, which improved to +1.9 mm after surgery. After one year, average MRD was +1.6 mm. MRD attenuation was more frequent in the younger group. There were no cases requiring redo surgery and only one case of exposure. PMID:23345967

Nakauchi, Kazuaki; Mito, Hidenori; Mimura, Osamu

2013-01-01

275

Long-term efficacy, safety, and side effect profile of botulinum toxin in dystonia: a 20-year follow-up.  

PubMed

Most long-term studies of the efficacy and safety profile of botulinum toxin (BoNT) in the treatment of dystonia are limited by lack of objective assessments, relatively small sample size, or short follow-up periods. We present one of the longest follow-up studies of BoNT treatment. This is a retrospective, longitudinal study that analyzes data on 89 patients treated with BoNT for dystonia at our Movement Disorders Clinic for up to 26 years (mean follow-up period of 18.5 years). The mean ages at the time of the first and last injections were 49 and 68 years old, respectively. The most common diagnoses were cervical dystonia (N = 51), blepharospasm (N = 34), and oromandibular dystonia (N = 26). The total number of onabotulinumtoxinA units received during the first injection was 140.3 as compared to 224.5 at the last injection (p < 0.0001). The global response effect was 3.18 after the first injection session and 3.57 after the last injection (p < 0.0001). The duration of response after the initial injection session and at the last injection was 16.33 weeks versus 19.42 weeks (p 0.0037), respectively. Adverse events, typically related to injection site, were reported in 19% of the visits. This series of dystonia patients with the longest reported treatment with BoNT provide evidence that in selected patients repeated chemodenervation is associated with sustained symptomatic benefit, decreased latency effect, and prolonged duration of therapeutic response. Despite the higher requirement of mean units per visit over time, only 19% of all treatment cycles are associated with adverse, but tolerable, side effects. PMID:25130293

Ramirez-Castaneda, Juan; Jankovic, Joseph

2014-11-01

276

The Course of Positive Affective and Cognitive States in Borderline Personality Disorder: A 10-year Follow-up Study  

PubMed Central

This study had two aims. The first was to identify and define the course of positive affective and cognitive states present in borderline personality disorder (BPD) and compare them to those of comparison subjects with other personality disorders. The second was to compare the positive affective and cognitive states of borderline patients who recovered from BPD to those who did not. Two hundred ninety patients with BPD and 72 non-borderline axis II subjects (OPD) completed the Positive Affect Scale (PAS), a 50-item self-report measure designed to assess positive states thought to be common among and characteristic of BPD over a 10-year course of prospective follow-up. Affective, cognitive, and mixed PAS items were separately analyzed, based on respective subscores. Borderline patients reported positive affective, cognitive, and mixed states less frequently than OPD subjects. Additionally, affective, and cognitive subscores increased significantly for both groups taken together over 10-years of follow-up though at greater rates among borderline patients. Mixed subscores showed a significant increase over time and at similar rates for both groups. Within the BPD group, recovered patients reported more positive affective, cognitive, and mixed states compared to non-recovered patients. Results also showed a significant increase in affective and cognitive states at similar rates for both groups taken together over 10-years of follow-up. Mixed subscores also showed a significant increase for both groups taken over time, though at greater rates among recovered borderline patients. Taken together, these results suggest a characteristic profile of positive states within borderline patients that is far lower than those reported by axis II comparison subjects. They also suggest that this characteristic profile is predictive of recovery of BPD over time. PMID:23606922

Reed, Lawrence Ian; Fitzmaurice, Garrett; Zanarini, Mary C.

2013-01-01

277

Risk factors for developing non-insulin dependent diabetes: a 10 year follow up of men in Uppsala.  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVE--To analyse anthropometric and metabolic characteristics as risk factors for development of non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus in middle aged normoglycaemic men. DESIGN--Prospective population study based on data collected in a health survey and follow up 10 years later. SETTING--Uppsala, a middle sized city in Sweden. SUBJECTS--2322 men aged 47-53, of whom 1860 attended the follow up 7-14 years later, at which time they were aged 56-64. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES--Incidence of non-insulin dependent diabetes. RESULTS--In a multivariate logistic regression analysis, variations of 1 SD from the mean of the group that remained euglycaemic were used to calculate odds ratios and 95% confidence intervals. Blood glucose concentration 60 minutes after the start of an intravenous glucose tolerance test (odds ratio = 5.93, 95% confidence interval 3.05 to 11.5), fasting serum insulin concentration (2.12, 1.54 to 2.93), acute insulin increment at an intravenous glucose tolerance test (1.71, 1.21 to 2.43), body mass index (1.41, 1.01 to 1.97), and systolic blood pressure (1.23, 0.97 to 1.56) were independent predictors of diabetes. In addition, the use of antihypertensive drugs at follow up (selective or unselective beta blocking agents, thiazides, or hydralazine) was an independent risk factor (1.70, 1.11 to 2.60). CONCLUSIONS--Metabolic and anthropometric characteristics associated with or reflecting insulin resistance as well as a poor acute insulin response to glucose challenge were important predictors of future diabetes in middle aged men. Antihypertensive drugs were found to constitute a further, iatrogenic risk factor. PMID:1932936

Skarfors, E T; Selinus, K I; Lithell, H O

1991-01-01

278

Arthroscopic Percutaneous Repair of Anterosuperior Rotator Cuff Tear Including Biceps Long Head: A 2-Year Follow-up  

PubMed Central

Background To report the results of an arthroscopic percutaneous repair technique for partial-thickness tears of the anterosuperior cuff combined with a biceps lesion. Methods The inclusion criteria were evidence of the upper subscapularis tendon tear and an articular side partial-thickness tear of the supraspinatus tendon, degeneration of the biceps long head or degenerative superior labrum anterior-posterior, above lesions treated by arthroscopic percutaneous repair, and follow-up duration > 24 months after the operation. American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons (ASES) score, constant score, the pain level on a visual analogue scale, ranges of motion and strength were assessed. Results The mean (± standard deviation) age of the 20 enrolled patients was 56.0 ± 7.7 years. The forward flexion strength increased from 26.3 ± 6.7 Nm preoperatively to 38.9 ± 5.1 Nm at final follow-up. External and internal rotation strength was also significantly increased (14.2 ± 1.7 to 19.1 ± 3.03 Nm, 12.3 ± 3.2 to 18.1 ± 2.8 Nm, respectively). Significant improvement was observed in ASES and constant scores at 3 months, 1 year and the time of final follow-up when compared with preoperative scores (p < 0.001). The mean subjective shoulder value was 86% (range, 78% to 97%). Conclusions The implementation of complete rotator cuff repair with concomitant tenodesis of the biceps long head using arthroscopic percutaneous repair achieved full recovery of normal rotator cuff function, maximum therapeutic efficacy, and patient satisfaction. PMID:23205238

Kim, Do-Young; Lee, Sang-Soo; Seo, Eun-Min; Hwang, Jung-Taek; Kwon, Sun-Chang; Lee, Jae-Won

2012-01-01

279

A 10 year follow up study of patients transplanted for autoimmune hepatitis: histological recurrence precedes clinical and biochemical recurrence  

PubMed Central

Background and aim: Autoimmune hepatitis (AIH) has been reported to recur after orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT) in 10–35% of patients in small series with a short follow up. The aim of the present study was to examine the clinical and histological outcome more than 10 years after OLT for AIH. Patients and methods: Seventeen women with a mean age of 30 (12) years at the time of OLT, selected from among 44 patients transplanted for AIH, were followed for more than 10 years. The criteria for definite AIH, as established by the International Autoimmune Hepatitis Group, were met in every case. Liver biopsies were performed 1, 2, 5, and 10 years after OLT, and when indicated by abnormal liver function tests. Specimens were examined for evidence of recurrent AIH, namely interface hepatitis, lobular activity, portal lymphoplasmocytic infiltration, and fibrosis. Other signs of recurrence included hypertransaminasaemia, serum autoantibodies, and the response to steroid reintroduction or significant steroid dose increments. Results: AIH recurred in 7 (41%) of 17 patients. In four patients histological abnormalities were detected by means of protocol biopsies 1–5 years before the onset of biochemical abnormalities. Two patients developed severe recurrences after 10 and 15 years, respectively, and required treatment with steroids and tacrolimus. In the other three patients histological recurrence was detected 0.6–3 years post-OLT, concomitantly with biochemical abnormalities. Conclusions: AIH recurred in 41% of patients followed for more than 10 years after OLT. As histological signs preceded biochemical abnormalities in four patients (23.5%), regular liver biopsy is warranted after OLT. Detection of isolated histological signs may call for closer follow up and/or a change in immunosuppressive therapy. PMID:12740348

Duclos-Vallée, J-C; Sebagh, M; Rifai, K; Johanet, C; Ballot, E; Guettier, C; Karam, V; Hurtova, M; Feray, C; Reynes, M; Bismuth, H; Samuel, D

2003-01-01

280

Determinants of physical activity among women treated for breast cancer in a 5-year longitudinal follow-up investigation  

PubMed Central

Objective To estimate the 5-year trajectory of physical activity among women with breast cancer, and to evaluate biopsychosocial variables (health status, physical symptoms, health-related quality of life (HRQL), depressive symptoms, and social support), measured soon after breast cancer diagnosis, as predictors of the 5-year trajectory. Methods Women diagnosed with Stage II or III regional breast cancer (n = 227), surgically treated and awaiting the start of adjuvant therapy completed baseline assessments of medical, psychological, and behavioral functioning. Follow-up evaluations were conducted every 4 months during the first year and every 6 months during the subsequent 4 years (12 assessments total during the 5-year study). Mixed-effects modeling was utilized to estimate the baseline level of physical activity as well as rate of change over time. Measures of physical health status, HRQL, depressive symptoms, and social support were included as predictors of the physical activity trajectory. Results A curvilinear pattern of change in physical activity was evident over the 5-year follow-up (p = 0.002). Physical activity increased gradually during the first 18 months, then declined steadily over the subsequent 42 months. Poor physical health, depressive symptoms, and lower emotional HRQL were associated with less physical activity. Higher family support was associated with a slower decline in physical activity in the latter 42 months of the study. Conclusions Emotional HRQL following diagnosis with breast cancer appears to be important for sustaining physical activity in the first 1–2 years following diagnosis. Physical activity interventions among breast cancer survivors should address depressive symptoms early in the course of treatment. PMID:19241490

Emery, Charles F.; Yang, Hae-Chung; Frierson, Georita M.; Peterson, Laura J.; Suh, Sooyeon

2009-01-01

281

Loss to follow-up occurs at all stages in the diagnostic and follow-up period among HIV-infected patients in Guinea-Bissau: a 7-year retrospective cohort study  

PubMed Central

Objectives To describe loss to follow-up (LTFU) at all stages of the HIV programme. Design A retrospective cohort study. Setting The HIV clinic at Hospital National Simão Mendes in Bissau, Guinea-Bissau. Participants A total of 4080 HIV-infected patients. Outcome measures Baseline characteristics, percentages and incidence rates of LTFU as well as LTFU risk factors at four different stages: immediately after HIV diagnosis (stage 1), after the first CD4 cell count and before a follow-up consultation (stage 2), after a follow-up consultation for patients not eligible for antiretroviral treatment (ART; stage 3) and LTFU among patients on ART (stage 4). Results Almost one-third of the patients were lost to the programme before the first consultation where ART initiation is decided; during the 7-year observation period, more than half of the patients had been lost to follow-up (overall incidence rate=51.1 patients lost per 100 person-years). Age below 30?years at inclusion was a risk factor for LTFU at all stages of the HIV programme. The biggest risk factors were body mass index <18.5?kg/m2 (stage 1), male gender (stage 2), HIV-2 infection (stage 3) and CD4 cell count <200 cells/?L (stage 4). Conclusions In this study, LTFU constituted a major problem, and this may apply to other similar ART facilities. More than half of the patients were lost to follow-up shortly after enrolment, possibly implying a high mortality. Thus, retention should be given a high priority. PMID:24163204

Hønge, Bo Langhoff; Jespersen, Sanne; Nordentoft, Pernille Bejer; Medina, Candida; da Silva, David; da Silva, Zacarias José; Østergaard, Lars; Laursen, Alex Lund; Wejse, Christian

2013-01-01

282

Historical implant or current best standard? Minimum five year follow-up outcomes of cemented Thompson hemiarthroplasties.  

PubMed

UK NICE guidelines recommend abandoning the Thompson hemiarthroplasty (TH) in favour of a 'proven prosthesis' such as the Exeter Trauma Stem. The aim of this study was to assess the hip fracture treatment with the TH. Between 2002 and 2006, 430 cemented THs were performed (minimum 5 year follow-up). Death rates at 1 year and 5 years were 26.6% and 67.4% with low complication (Dislocation 1.4%) and revision rate (1.2%). The TH remains a reliable and proven implant in appropriate patients (over the age of 80, with low activity levels, low ambulatory status and who maybe cognitively impaired), due to low complication and revision rates. Modern implants may provide better function or longevity, but there is little evidence to support abandoning the TH. PMID:24890999

Kassam, Al-Amin; Griffiths, Shelley; Higgins, Gordon

2014-09-01

283

Skin cancer in patients with psoriasis treated with coal tar. A 25-year follow-up study  

SciTech Connect

For many years, crude coal tar has been used for the treatment of psoriasis. The possible carcinogenic effect of crude coal tar and ultraviolet (UV) radiation (Goeckerman regimen), considered individually or in combination, has been of some concern to physicians. A 25-year follow-up study was completed on 280 patients with psoriasis who were hospitalized and treated with crude coal tar and UV radiation at the Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minn, during the years 1950 through 1954. The results of this study suggest that the incidence of skin cancer is not appreciably increased above the expected incidence for the general population when patients are treated with coal tar ointments. It seems that the Goeckerman regimen (topical crude coal tar combined with UV radiation) can be used with minimal risk for skin cancer in the treatment of psoriasis.

Pittelkow, M.R.; Perry, H.O.; Muller, S.A.; Maughan, W.Z.; O'Brien, P.C.

1981-08-01

284

Cross Pins versus Endobutton Femoral Fixation in Hamstring Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction: Minimum 4-Year Follow-Up  

PubMed Central

Purpose We aimed to compare cross-pin fixation and Endobutton femoral fixation for hamstring anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction with respect to clinical and radiographic results, including tunnel widening and the progression of knee osteoarthritis (OA). Materials and Methods Between August 2002 and August 2005, 126 autogenous hamstring ACL reconstructions were performed using either cross pins or Endobutton for femoral fixation. Fifty-six of 75 patients in the cross-pin group and 35 of 51 patients in the Endobutton group were followed up for a minimum of 4 years. We compared the clinical and radiological results between the groups using the International Knee Documentation Committee (IKDC) evaluation form, the KT-2000 arthrometer side to side difference, the amount of tunnel widening and the advancement of OA on radiographs. Results There were no significant differences in the IKDC grades between the groups at the 4 year follow-up. There was no significant difference in the side to side difference according to KT-2000 arthrometer testing. Also, there were no significant differences in terms of tunnel widening or advancement of OA on radiographs. Conclusions Endobutton femoral fixation showed good results that were comparable to those of cross pins fixation in hamstring ACL reconstruction. PMID:22570850

Kong, Chae-Gwan; Kim, Geon-Hyeong; Ahn, Chi-Young

2012-01-01

285

Tourette Syndrome: A General Pediatrician's 35-Year Experience at a Single Center With Follow-up in Adulthood.  

PubMed

A retrospective analysis of a 35-year single-center experience with pediatric tics and Tourette syndrome was conducted. 482 charts from 1972 to 2007 were reviewed. Follow-up surveys were mailed to last known address and 83 patients responded (17%). Response rate was affected by long interval from last visit; contact information was often incorrect as it was the address of the patient as a child. Males constituted 84%. Mean tic onset was 6.6 years. At first visit, 83% had multiple motor tics and >50% had comorbidities. 44% required only 1 visit and 90% less than 12 visits. Follow-up showed positive clinical and social outcomes in 73/83 survey responses. Of those indicating a poor outcome, mean educational level was lower and attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder and learning disabilities were significantly higher. Access to knowledgeable caregivers was a problem for adult patients. A shortage of specialists may in part be addressed by interested general pediatricians. PMID:25200367

Byler, Debra L; Chan, Lisa; Lehman, Erik; Brown, Ashley D; Ahmad, Syeda; Berlin, Cheston

2015-02-01

286

Cementless total hip replacement using second-generation components: a 12- to 16-year follow-up.  

PubMed

We reviewed 123 second-generation uncemented total hip replacements performed on 115 patients by a single surgeon between 1993 and 1994. The acetabular component used in all cases was a fully porous-coated threaded hemispheric titanium shell (T-Tap ST) with a calcium ion stearate-free, isostatically compression-moulded polyethylene liner. The titanium femoral component used was a Taperloc with a reduced distal stem. No patient was lost to follow-up. Complete clinical and radiological follow-up was obtained for all 123 hips at a mean of 14 years (12 to 16). One femoral component was revised after a fracture, and three acetabular components for aseptic loosening. No additional femoral or acetabular components were judged loose by radiological criteria. Mild proximal femoral osteolysis was identified in two hips and minor acetabular osteolysis was present in four. The mean rate of penetration of the femoral head was 0.036 mm/year (0.000 to 0.227). These findings suggest that refinements in component design may be associated with excellent long-term fixation in cementless primary total hip replacement. PMID:21119167

McLaughlin, J R; Lee, K R

2010-12-01

287

Single anastomosis duodeno-ileal bypass with sleeve gastrectomy (SADI-S). One to three-year follow-up.  

PubMed

Single anastomosis duodeno-ileal bypass with sleeve gastrectomy (SADI-S) is a new operation for morbid obesity based on the biliopancreatic diversion in which a sleeve gastrectomy is followed by an end-to-side duodeno-ileal diversion. The preservation of the pylorus makes possible the reconstruction in one loop, which reduces operating time and needs no mesentery opening. We review the results obtained on the first 50 operated patients with 1 to 3 years follow-up. Eighteen men and 32 women with a mean BMI of 44 kg/m(2) were operated on. Hypertension was present in 50%, sleep apnea in 30%, hypertriglyceridemia in 60% and hypercholesterolemia in 43%.There were 27 type two diabetics, most of them on insulin therapy. There were two gastric staple-line leaks and one long-term subphrenic abscess. Follow-up is complete for 98% of the patients. Excess weight loss reached 94.7% at 1 year, and it was maintained over the second and third year. At 1 year, mild anemia has been detected in 10% of the cases. Albumin concentration was under normal levels in 8% of the patients in the first postoperative year, but all patients recovered to normal levels by the third postoperative year. All diabetic patients have normalized glucose or HbA1c levels after the sixth postoperative month with no need of anti-diabetic therapy. SADI-S is a promising operation which offers excellent weight loss and metabolic results. The elimination of one anastomosis reduces operative time and decreases the possibility of surgically related complications. PMID:20798995

Sánchez-Pernaute, Andrés; Herrera, Miguel Angel Rubio; Pérez-Aguirre, María Elia; Talavera, Pablo; Cabrerizo, Lucio; Matía, Pilar; Díez-Valladares, Luis; Barabash, Ana; Martín-Antona, Estaban; García-Botella, Alejandra; Garcia-Almenta, Ester Martín; Torres, Antonio

2010-12-01

288

Disability and T2 MRI lesions: a 20-year follow-up of patients with relapse onset of multiple sclerosis.  

PubMed

Clinically isolated syndromes (CIS), such as optic neuritis, brainstem or spinal cord syndromes are frequently the first clinical presentations of multiple sclerosis. However, not all CIS patients develop multiple sclerosis and in those who do, disability is highly variable. In previous follow-up studies, brain lesions on T2-weighted MRI are associated with increased risk of multiple sclerosis and to an extent disability. We evaluated the longitudinal relationships between the MRI lesions and clinical course over a period of 20 years. CIS patients were recruited between 1984 and 1987 and previously followed up after 1, 5, 10 and 14 years. Of the 140 subjects who were initially recruited with a CIS for a baseline MRI study, we followed up 107 patients after a mean of 20.2 years (range 18-27.7). Multiple sclerosis was diagnosed as clinically definite on clinical grounds only and disability determined using the Expanded Disability Status Scale (EDSS) and Multiple Sclerosis Functional Composite (MSFC) score. Clinically definite multiple sclerosis developed in 67 out of 107 (63%) overall: 60 out of 73 (82%) with abnormal and 7 out of 34 (21%) with normal baseline MRI. Multiple sclerosis was still relapsing-remitting in 39 (58%)--including 26 (39%) with a 'benign' course (EDSS < or = 3)--whilst 28 (42%) had developed secondary progression. T2 lesion volume at all time-points correlated moderately with 20-year EDSS (r(s) values 0.48 to 0.67; P < 0.001) and MSFC z-score [r(s) values (-0.50) to (-0.61); P < 0.001]. In those developing multiple sclerosis, a concurrent correlation of change in T2 lesion volume with change in EDSS was most evident in years 0-5 (r(s) = 0.69, P < 0.001). The estimated rate of lesion growth over 20 years was 0.80 cm3/year in those who retained a relapsing remitting multiple sclerosis course, and 2.89 cm3/year in those who developed secondary progressive multiple sclerosis, a difference of 2.09 cm3/year (95% CI: 0.77, 2.96; P < 0.001). This study extends previous follow-up of CIS patients and sheds new light on how the lesions evolve according to the natural history. Baseline MRI findings are predictive for development of clinically definite multiple sclerosis. Lesion volume and its change at earlier time points are correlated with disability after 20 years. Lesion volume increases for at least 20 years in relapse-onset multiple sclerosis and the rate of lesion growth is three times higher in those who develop secondary progressive than in those who remain relapsing remitting multiple sclerosis. PMID:18234696

Fisniku, L K; Brex, P A; Altmann, D R; Miszkiel, K A; Benton, C E; Lanyon, R; Thompson, A J; Miller, D H

2008-03-01

289

Heterotopic Ossification after Cervical Arthroplasty with ProDisc-C: Time Course Radiographic Follow-up over 3 years  

PubMed Central

Objective Heterotopic ossification (HO) is a well-known complication after total hip replacement. But the occurrence rate by the time-course, clinical effect and risk factors of HO after total cervical disc replacement (TCDR) are not well described. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the occurrence rate by the time-course and risk factors for HO after TCDR with a ProDisc-C. Methods Thirty-two patients whom followed up more than one year after the TCDR are enrolled. Radiographic study was done at 12, 24 and 36 months after the TCDR and classified HO with McAfee classification. Segmental range of motion, preoperative existence of spondylosis, type of operation, disc space occupying ratio by artificial disc, surgical level are analyzed to identify the risk factors of HO. The visual analog scale and the neck disability index were evaluated preoperatively and at last follow-up time for clinical parameters. Results Eighteen patients (56%) showed HO at 12 months, 18 patients (86%) showed HO at 24 months and 6 patients (89%) showed HO at 36 months after the TCDR. Clinical significant HO(Grade 3 and 4) was shown in one patient (3%) at 12 months, 3 patients (14%) at 24 months and 5 patients (56%) at 36 months. Only post-operative follow-up period increases the risk of development clinical significant HO. All patients showed improvement of clinical parameters (p<0.005). Conclusion Incidence of HO is getting higher as time course progress. However, there are no relation between clinical outcome and radiologic change of ROM and the grade of HO. PMID:24757452

Cho, Yong-Hwan; Kim, Keun-Su

2013-01-01

290

The analysis of a pre-homosexual child with a twelve-year developmental follow-up.  

PubMed

This paper presents clinical material from the three-year psychoanalysis of an eight-year-old boy and his fight to assume his normal gender-defined self-identity. It also outlines a twelve-year follow-up when the patient returned for consultation during crucial periods in his life. The analysis illustrates the psychodynamics underlying the anxieties that led to gender-defined self-identity confusion. The child's attempts to appease an engulfing mother resulted in severe separation anxiety and a tendency toward a resolution of his intrapsychic conflicts by engaging in homosexual acts. Mother presented significant obstacles to the treatment, which continued even as the child began to adopt masculine interests. Father, who was dominated by his wife, was distant, unavailable, and ashamed of his son's effeminate tendencies. He could not express pride in the boy's considerable intellectual abilities and was unable to provide a strong male identity figure. The parents refused to seek psychotherapy for themselves which would have benefited their son. Despite these obstacles, the child's progress in analysis was seen in (1) his ability to function at school, (2) the disappearance of his transvestism, (3) the decrease and near-obliteration of feminine behavior, (4) improvement in aggression control, and (5) a lessening of narcissistic overinvestment in the self. Also, his fears of death and his most prominent anxieties were overcome. What remained was a search for the father, which manifested itself, in his middle to late adolescence, in an attraction toward men. The men he chose to pursue, however, were not homosexuals, and this revealed the patient's ambivalence about embarking on homosexual relationships. At the twelve-year follow-up I encouraged the patient to pursue referrals to an adult analyst. My experience is in child analysis, and he did not seem ready to modify the good child/adult therapeutic imago that was sustaining him. In the subsequent four years, there has been no further contact with the patient. PMID:9489466

Babatzanis, G

1997-01-01

291

Does ADHD Predict Substance Use Disorders? A 10-year Follow-up Study of Young Adults With ADHD  

PubMed Central

Objective High rates of Substance Use Disorders (SUD) have been found in samples of adolescents and adults with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). Predictors of SUD among ADHD children who are at risk for the development of SUD remain understudied. The main aims of this study were to identify clinically meaningful characteristics of children that predicted the future development of SUD and to see whether the role of these characteristics varied by sex. Method Subjects were children and adolescents with (N=268; mean age ± SD = 10.9 ± 3.2 years) and without (N=229; mean age 11.9 ± 3.3 years) DSM-III-R ADHD followed prospectively and blindly over a ten-year follow-up period onto young adult years. Subjects were assessed with structured diagnostic interviews for psychopathology and SUDs. Results Over the ten-year follow-up period, ADHD was found to be a significant predictor of any SUD (Hazards Ratio, (95% Confidence Interval) = 1.47 (1.07, 2.02); p=0.01) and cigarette smoking (2.38 (1.61, 3.53); p<0.01). Within ADHD, comorbid conduct disorder (2.74 (1.66, 4.52); p<0.01) and oppositional defiant disorder (2.21 (1.40, 3.51); p<0.01) at baseline were also found to be significant predictors of SUD. We found similar results for cigarette, alcohol, and drug use disorders. There were few meaningful sex interaction effects. We did not find any clinically significant associations for any social or family environment factors nor cognitive functioning factors (all p values > 0.05). Conclusions These results indicate that ADHD is a significant risk factor for the development of SUD and cigarette smoking in both sexes. PMID:21621138

Wilens, Timothy E.; Martelon, MaryKate; Joshi, Gagan; Bateman, Clancey; Fried, Ronna; Petty, Carter; Biederman, Joseph

2011-01-01

292

Basal low antioxidant capacity correlates with cognitive deficits in early onset psychosis. A 2-year follow-up study.  

PubMed

The objective of the study is to examine the association of baseline total antioxidant status (TAS) and glutathione (GSH) levels with short- and long-term cognitive functioning in patients with early onset first-episode psychosis, comparing affective and non-affective psychoses. We analysed 105 patients with an early onset-first episode psychosis (age 9-17 years) and 97 healthy controls. Blood samples were taken at admission for measurement of TAS and GSH, and cognitive performance was assessed at baseline and at 2years of follow-up. Regression analysis was used to assess the relationship between TAS/GSH levels at baseline and cognitive performance at both time points, controlling for confounders. Baseline TAS and GSH levels were significantly lower in patients than healthy controls. In patients, baseline TAS was positively associated with the global cognition score at baseline (p=0.048) and two years later (p=0.005), while TAS was not associated with cognitive functioning in healthy controls. Further, baseline TAS in patients was specifically associated with the memory domain at baseline and with the memory and attention domains two years later. Stratifying by affective and non-affective psychoses, significant associations were only found between TAS and cognition in the non-affective psychosis group. Baseline GSH levels were not associated with cognitive functioning at either time point in either group. The antioxidant defence capacity in early onset first-episode psychotic patients is directly correlated with global cognition at baseline and at 2years of follow-up, especially in non-affective psychosis. PMID:24768133

Martínez-Cengotitabengoa, Mónica; Micó, Juan Antonio; Arango, Celso; Castro-Fornieles, Josefina; Graell, Montserrat; Payá, Beatriz; Leza, Juan Carlos; Zorrilla, Iñaki; Parellada, Mara; López, M Purificación; Baeza, Inmaculada; Moreno, Carmen; Rapado-Castro, Marta; González-Pinto, Ana

2014-06-01

293

Increases in weight and body size increase the odds for hypertension during 7 years of follow-up.  

PubMed

Changes in BMI and body size were compared to incident hypertension in 24,550 men and 10,111 women followed prospectively as part of the National Runners' Health Study to test whether long-term weight change affects hypertension risk. Incident hypertensions were reported by 2,143 men and 430 women during (mean +/- s.d.) 7.8 +/- 1.8 and 7.5 +/- 2.0 years of follow-up, respectively. Despite being active, men's and women's BMI increased 1.15 +/- 1.70 and 0.95 +/- 1.89 kg/m(2), respectively, and their waist circumferences increased 2.97 +/- 5.02 and 3.29 +/- 6.67 cm, respectively. Compared to those whose BMI declined, those who gained >or=2.4 kg/m(2) had an odds ratio (95% confidence interval) of 1.68 (1.45, 1.94) for becoming hypertensive if male and 1.42 (1.05, 1.92) if female. Men whose waist circumference increased >or=6 cm had an odds ratio of 1.22 (1.01, 1.47) for becoming hypertensive compared to those whose waists decreased. In both sexes, the odds for hypertension were significantly related to BMI at follow-up when adjusted for baseline BMI, but generally not to baseline BMI when adjusted for follow-up BMI. In the subset whose weights remained relatively unchanged during follow-up (+/-0.4 kg/m(2)), each kg/m(2) increment in BMI was associated with an odds ratio for becoming hypertensive of 1.19 (1.14, 1.24) in men and 1.11 (1.02, 1.20) in women. Thus, even among lean, physically active individuals: (i) weight gain increases hypertension risk; (ii) higher body weight increases the hypertension risk in a dose-dependent manner in the absence of any weight change; and (iii) there is no advantage carried forward to having been previously lean. PMID:18756262

Williams, Paul T

2008-11-01

294

Knee Osteochondritis Dissecans Treated by the AO Hook Fixation System: A Four Year Follow-Up of an Alternative Technique  

PubMed Central

Surgical fixation is recommended for stable osteochondritis dissecans (OCD) lesions that have failed nonoperative management and for all unstable lesions. In this study we set out to describe and evaluate an alternative method of surgical fixation for such lesions. Five knees with unstable OCD lesions in four male adolescent patients with open physes were treated with the AO Hook Fixation System. The outcome was evaluated both clinically and with three separate outcome systems (IKDC 2000, KOOS, Lysholm) at one and a mean four year follow-up. We demonstrated excellent clinical results in all patients. At four years, all scoring systems demonstrated statistically significant improvement when compared to the preoperative status. Our study suggests that the AO Hook Fixation System is an alternative method of surgical intervention with comparable medium term results with other existing modes of fixation and the added biomechanical advantage of the absence of distracting forces during hardware removal. PMID:25067976

Pengas, Ioannis P; Assiotis, Angelos; Kokkinakis, Michail; Khan, Wasim S; Meyers, Paul; Arbuthnot, James; Mcnicholas, Michael J

2014-01-01

295

Facial talon cusp: A rarity, report of a case with one year follow up and flashback on reported cases  

PubMed Central

Talon cusp is a relatively uncommon developmental anomaly characterized by cusp-like projections, usually presenting on palatal/lingual surface of the anterior teeth. This cusp resembles an eagle's talon, and hence the name. Normal enamel and dentin covers the cusp, which may or may not contain an extension of pulp. Presence of this anomalous cusp on the facial surface of an anterior tooth is a rare finding and very few cases have been reported in the literature. In most instances, such cusps are associated with clinical problems such as poor esthetics and caries susceptibility. Management of such cases requires a comprehensive knowledge of the clinical entity as well as the problems associated with it. This case report presents a facial talon cusp on the maxillary left central incisor of a 10 year old boy, which was conservatively treated. Vitality of the affected tooth was maintained and followed up for a period of 1 year. PMID:22629053

Kulkarni, Vinaya Kumar; Choudhary, Pinky; Bansal, Arpana V.; Deshmukh, Jeevanand; Duddu, Mahesh Kumar; Shashikiran, N. D.

2012-01-01

296

Anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction with fresh-frozen patellar tendon allografts: sixty cases with 2 years' minimum follow-up.  

PubMed

A prospective study was performed on 101 patients who underwent an arthroscopic anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction with fresh-frozen patellar tendon allograft (bone-patellar tendon-bone). We present the results of the first 60 patients with a minimum follow-up of 2 years. Thirty-four were men and 26 women with a mean age of 23. In 45 patients, a postoperative arthroscopy was performed, and tissue biopsies of the reconstructed ACL were obtained. Patients were evaluated according to the International Knee Documentation Committee evaluation form. After a mean follow-up of 47 months, the overall results were normal or nearly normal in 85%. Under postoperative arthroscopy, the macroscopic appearance of the implant was similar to that of a normal ligament. The ACL allograft was covered with a normal, well-vascularized synovium. There were no cases of infection, disease transmission or tissue rejection. We conclude that the use of fresh-frozen patellar tendon allografts is a good method of ACL reconstruction. PMID:8961227

Nín, J R; Leyes, M; Schweitzer, D

1996-01-01

297

“EEG abnormalities” may represent a confounding factor in celiac disease: A 4-year follow-up family report  

PubMed Central

Objective The occurrence of celiac disease (CD), electroencephalographic (EEG) abnormalities (with “subtle” seizures or even without any clinical seizures), and neurological disorders has been reported since the 1980s, though there has been no definitive consensus about the possible causal relationship. This topic is further complicated by the occurrence in infancy of ‘clinical–EEG pictures’ called ‘benign epilepsy of infancy’. Methods and results Here, we report a 4-year follow-up on two siblings with newly diagnosed biopsy-proven celiac disease showing EEG abnormalities not responsive to a gluten-free diet. Conclusions This family report indicates that in patients with neurologically asymptomatic CD and EEG abnormalities, it is advisable to make a differential diagnosis between EEG abnormalities associated with CD and an incidental association with cortical hyperexcitability, with “subtle” seizures or even without any clinical seizures. Practice implications A long follow-up may sometimes be required, as it was in the family described here, to clarify the etiopathogenetic and therapeutic relationships between clinical and EEG features in CD.

Parisi, Pasquale; Principessa, Luigi; Ferretti, Alessandro; D'Onofrio, Danila; Del Giudice, Ennio; Pacchiarotti, Claudia; Villa, Maria Pia

2014-01-01

298

Polyurethane scaffold for the treatment of partial meniscal tears. Clinical results with a minimum two-year follow-up  

PubMed Central

Purpose to evaluate the safety and effectiveness of the polyurethane meniscal scaffold through clinical examination, MRI and arthroscopic second look, over a minimum two-year follow-up. Methods between 2009 and 2011, 19 patients underwent meniscal scaffold implantation in our department (medial meniscus in 16 cases lateral meniscus in two cases, and bilateral in one case). All the patients were clinically evaluated preoperatively, and at 6, 12, and 24 months after surgery using Lysholm score, Tegner score, and VAS. Ten patients were studied with MRI, and nine patients were evaluated arthroscopically. Results no adverse reactions to the implant were observed. The clinical scores showed a significant improvement at 6 months and increased progressively over time. On MRI studies, the implants showed a clear hyperintense signal, sometimes irregular, and the chondral surface was preserved in all cases. At arthroscopic second look in the first months after surgery, the scaffold size was unchanged and the scaffold appeared light yellowish in color and well integrated into the surrounding tissues. At arthroscopic second look at 12 and 24 months the scaffold was found to have an irregular morphology and to be slightly reduced in size. Conclusions polyurethane meniscal scaffold is a good alternative to a collagen scaffold, but a longer follow-up is needed to evaluate the scaffold degradation and chondral coverage. Level of evidence level IV, therapeutic case series.

BULGHERONI, PAOLO; BULGHERONI, ERICA; REGAZZOLA, GIANMARCO; MAZZOLA, CLAUDIO

2013-01-01

299

A multidisciplinary treatment of congenitally missing maxillary lateral incisors: a 14-year follow-up case report.  

PubMed

Absence of the maxillary lateral incisor creates an aesthetic problem which can be managed in various ways. The condition requires careful treatment planning and consideration of the options and outcomes following either space closure or prosthetic replacement. Recent developments in restorative dentistry have warranted a re-evaluation of the approach to this clinical situation. Factors relating both to the patient and the teeth, including the presentation of malocclusion and the effect on the occlusion must be considered. The objective of this study was to describe the etiology, prevalence and alternative treatment modalities for dental agenesis and to present a clinical case of agenesis of the maxillary lateral incisors treated by the closure of excessive spaces and canine re-anatomization. A clinical case is presented to illustrate the interdisciplinary approach between orthodontics and restorative dentistry for improved esthetic results. In this report, the treatment of a girl with a Class II malocclusion of molars and canines with missing maxillary lateral incisors and convex facial profile is shown. Treatment was successfully achieved and included the space closure of the areas corresponding to the missing upper lateral incisors, through movement of the canines and the posterior teeth to mesial by fixed appliances as well as the canines transformation in the maxillary lateral incisors. This is a 14-year follow-up case report involving orthodontics and restorative dentistry in which pretreatment, posttreatment, and long-term follow-up records for the patient are presented. PMID:25466480

Almeida, Renato Rodrigues de; Morandini, Ana Carolina Faria; Almeida-Pedrin, Renata Rodrigues de; Almeida, Marcio Rodrigues de; Castro, Renata Cristina Faria Ribeiro; Insabralde, Natalia Martins

2014-10-01

300

A multidisciplinary treatment of congenitally missing maxillary lateral incisors: a 14-year follow-up case report  

PubMed Central

Absence of the maxillary lateral incisor creates an aesthetic problem which can be managed in various ways. The condition requires careful treatment planning and consideration of the options and outcomes following either space closure or prosthetic replacement. Recent developments in restorative dentistry have warranted a re-evaluation of the approach to this clinical situation. Factors relating both to the patient and the teeth, including the presentation of malocclusion and the effect on the occlusion must be considered. The objective of this study was to describe the etiology, prevalence and alternative treatment modalities for dental agenesis and to present a clinical case of agenesis of the maxillary lateral incisors treated by the closure of excessive spaces and canine re-anatomization. A clinical case is presented to illustrate the interdisciplinary approach between orthodontics and restorative dentistry for improved esthetic results. In this report, the treatment of a girl with a Class II malocclusion of molars and canines with missing maxillary lateral incisors and convex facial profile is shown. Treatment was successfully achieved and included the space closure of the areas corresponding to the missing upper lateral incisors, through movement of the canines and the posterior teeth to mesial by fixed appliances as well as the canines transformation in the maxillary lateral incisors. This is a 14-year follow-up case report involving orthodontics and restorative dentistry in which pretreatment, post-treatment, and long-term follow-up records for the patient are presented. PMID:25466480

de ALMEIDA, Renato Rodrigues; MORANDINI, Ana Carolina Faria; de ALMEIDA-PEDRIN, Renata Rodrigues; de ALMEIDA, Marcio Rodrigues; CASTRO, Renata Cristina Faria Ribeiro; INSABRALDE, Natalia Martins

2014-01-01

301

Spontaneous thrombosis in giant aneurysm of the anterior communicating artery complex in pediatric age: five-year follow-up.  

PubMed

Intracranial aneurysms are rare in the pediatric population, especially in infancy, representing less than 1% of all aneurysms. In this age group, they are more frequent at the carotid bifurcation and in the posterior circulation, with a greater number of giant aneurysms and spontaneous aneurysm thrombosis when compared with the adults. They are life-threatening, and, therefore, early investigation, characterization of the lesion, and treatment are essential. The appropriate management depends on the child's condition, aneurysm characteristics, and the experience of a multidisciplinary team. Noninvasive and radiation-free imagiological studies play an important role in the diagnosis and follow-up of these young patients. We present the case of a 3-month-old boy with an intracranial hemorrhage secondary to the rupture of a giant aneurysm of the anterior communicating artery complex, with spontaneous thrombosis, which is a rare situation due to its location. A conservative approach was assumed and noninvasive evolutive imagiological studies revealed a reduction in the thrombosed aneurysm size and no signs of recanalization. The child recovered to his baseline neurological condition and has had no rehemorrhage until 5 years of follow-up. PMID:25254138

Gonçalves, Vítor M; Cristino, N; Cunha E Sá, M

2014-01-01

302

Spontaneous Thrombosis in Giant Aneurysm of the Anterior Communicating Artery Complex in Pediatric Age: Five-Year Follow-Up  

PubMed Central

Intracranial aneurysms are rare in the pediatric population, especially in infancy, representing less than 1% of all aneurysms. In this age group, they are more frequent at the carotid bifurcation and in the posterior circulation, with a greater number of giant aneurysms and spontaneous aneurysm thrombosis when compared with the adults. They are life-threatening, and, therefore, early investigation, characterization of the lesion, and treatment are essential. The appropriate management depends on the child's condition, aneurysm characteristics, and the experience of a multidisciplinary team. Noninvasive and radiation-free imagiological studies play an important role in the diagnosis and follow-up of these young patients. We present the case of a 3-month-old boy with an intracranial hemorrhage secondary to the rupture of a giant aneurysm of the anterior communicating artery complex, with spontaneous thrombosis, which is a rare situation due to its location. A conservative approach was assumed and noninvasive evolutive imagiological studies revealed a reduction in the thrombosed aneurysm size and no signs of recanalization. The child recovered to his baseline neurological condition and has had no rehemorrhage until 5 years of follow-up. PMID:25254138

Cristino, N.; Cunha e Sá, M.

2014-01-01

303

Photoselective vaporization of prostate vs. transurethral resection of prostate: A prospective, randomized study with one year follow-up  

PubMed Central

Objectives: To evaluate in a prospective, randomized study, the efficacy and safety profile of photoselective vaporization of prostate (PVP) using a 80W potassium titanyl phosphate (KTP) laser when compared to standard transurethral resection of prostate (TURP) in patients with lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) due to benign prostatic enlargement (BPE). Materials and Methods: Between February 2009 and August 2009, 117 patients satisfying the eligibility criteria underwent surgery [60 PVP{Group A}; 57 TURP{Group B}]. The groups were compared for functional outcome (both subjective and objective parameters), perioperative parameters and complications, with a follow up of one year. P value<0.05 was considered statistically significant. Results: The baseline characteristics of the two groups were comparable. Mean age was 66.68 years and 65.74 years, mean IPSS score was 19.98 and 20.88, mean prostate volume was 44.77 cc and 49.02 cc in Group A and B, respectively. Improvements in IPSS, QOL, prostate volume, Q max and PVRU at 12 months were similar in both groups. PVP patients had longer operating time, lesser perioperative blood loss, shorter catheterization time and a higher dysuria rate when compared to TURP patients. The overall complication rate was similar in the two groups. Conclusions: In patients with LUTS due to BPE, KTP-PVP is an equally efficacious alternative to TURP with durable results at one year follow up with additional benefits of lesser perioperative blood loss, lesser transfusion requirements and a shorter catheterization time. Long term comparative data is awaited to clearly define the role of KTP-PVP in such patients. PMID:23204660

Mohanty, Nayan K.; Vasudeva, Pawan; Kumar, Anup; Prakash, Sanjay; Jain, Manoj; Arora, Rajender P.

2012-01-01

304

Bivalvular mechanical Mitral-Aortic valve replacement in 254 patients: Long-Term results—a 22-year follow-up  

Microsoft Academic Search

BackgroundWe have retrospectively studied 254 patients who underwent a bivalvular mechanical mitral-aortic replacement in the cardiovascular and thoracic surgery unit of Nantes from 1979 to 1989. The follow-up was 22 years (1979 to 2001). The last patient was operated on 12 years before the end of the follow-up.

Jean-Paul Remadi; Olivier Baron; C Tribouilloy; Jean C Roussel; O Al Habasch; Philippe Despins; Jean-Luc Michaud; Daniel Duveau

2003-01-01

305

Usefulness of mandibular third molar coronectomy assessed through clinical evaluation over three years of follow-up.  

PubMed

The aim of this study was to investigate the 3-year morbidity of coronectomy of the lower third molar and to monitor the behaviour and migration pattern of the retained roots postoperatively. A total of 92 patients (111 teeth) who had undergone a coronectomy between October 2005 and July 2009 were investigated. Patients were followed up at 3 months and 1, 2, and 3 years for clinical evaluation and dental computed tomography imaging of the coronectomy sites. In total, 10 cases (9%) required tooth root extraction within the 3 years after coronectomy. In seven of them, the distal pocket of the lower second molars remained connected to the roots within the first year. Of the cases in whom a pocket did not remain at an early stage, none showed peri-apical lesions on transmission images of the retained roots in the apical area, which usually result from necrosis of the pulp. Root migration increased in the first 2 years after coronectomy but stabilized between the second and third years. In addition, a significant difference was noted in root migration between patients of different ages and sex. Retained roots after coronectomy in the lower third molars led to no complications in terms of infection or the development of pathologies within the first 3 years postoperatively. PMID:25457826

Kohara, K; Kurita, K; Kuroiwa, Y; Goto, S; Umemura, E

2015-02-01

306

The longitudinal relation between brain lesion load and atrophy in multiple sclerosis: a 14 year follow up study  

PubMed Central

Background:Studies have suggested that T2 lesion activity is prominent in early relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis, whereas brain atrophy, while seen early, appears more evident in later progressive disease. The temporal relation between these processes remains unclear. Objective:To explore the association between changing brain lesion loads and subsequent tissue atrophy in multiple sclerosis. Methods:28 subjects with clinically probable or definite multiple sclerosis (mean age 46.0 years; 17 female and 11 male) were followed for 14 years after first onset of symptoms. T2 lesion loads were estimated soon after symptom onset and at around five, 10, and 14 years later. Disease related atrophy was estimated at the 14 year follow up by comparing brain tissue volumes (proportional to total intracranial volumes) determined in the multiple sclerosis group with data from 29 normal control subjects (mean age 36.7 years; 16 female, 13 male) using multiple linear regression analyses to allow for differences in age and sex distributions. Results:Change in lesion load in the first five years was more closely correlated to disease related brain atrophy at 14 years than later changes in lesion load, although the correlation was only moderate (Spearman correlation = -0.528, p = 0.004). Conclusions:From this, it appears that early rather than later focal lesion accumulation relates to subsequent brain atrophy, but factors unconnected directly with lesion formation probably also play a significant role in determining such atrophy. PMID:14617714

Chard, D; Brex, P; Ciccarelli, O; Griffin, C; Parker, G; Dalton, C; Altmann, D; Thompson, A; Miller, D

2003-01-01

307

Nutritional risk and 5-year mortality of older community-dwelling Canadian men: the Manitoba Follow-Up Study.  

PubMed

This study examines nutritional risk and 5-year mortality rates of community-dwelling older Canadian men participating in the Manitoba Follow-Up Study. The surviving cohort (n = 690; mean age = 86.8 years) was mailed a self-administered Nutrition Survey consisting of SCREEN II, a validated nutrition risk screening tool and health-related questions. Five hundred fifty-three completed surveys (80% completion rate) were returned, with 522 (94%) containing complete responses necessary to score nutritional risk, comprising the participants for this analysis. Forty-four percent of the 522 respondents were scored as high risk, 24% at moderate risk, and 32% at low risk. Over five years from 2007 to 2012, 212 (41%) of the men died, with 1-year, 2-year, 3-year, and 4-year survival rates of 92%, 86%, 77%, and 66%, respectively. Men in the lowest 40th percentile of the nutritional risk distribution accounted for half of all deaths. Adjusted for other characteristics, Cox proportional hazard models demonstrated that with each unit decline on the nutritional risk scale there was a 4% greater risk of mortality (hazard ratio = 0.96 [95% CI 0.94,0.98]). Early identification of older men at nutritional risk and timely nutrition interventions are essential in delaying the progression of morbidity and mortality. PMID:24224939

Broeska, Valerie E; Lengyel, Christina O; Tate, Robert B

2013-01-01

308

Prospective study of the cementless "New Wave" total knee mobile-bearing arthroplasty: 8-year follow-up.  

PubMed

One of the main factors affecting the survival of a total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is the fixation method. The constraints placed on the bone-implant interface of a mobile-bearing TKA must be taken in account during the design and evaluation phases. For more than two decades, calcium phosphate ceramics, particularly hydroxyapatitis, have been used in Europe to accelerate the bone integration of cementless implants. A prospective study of patients continuously recruited by three senior surgeons at three French private hospitals has been carried out. There were no exclusion criteria. Eighty-four (84) cementless mobile-bearing total knee prosthesis of the brand "New Wave" were implanted in 74 patients over a 2-year period (2004-2005). Implant survival at 8 years was 95 % [with a confidence interval of 95 %: 80.2-96.4 %] when revision for any cause was defined as the endpoint. Five implants required surgical revision to exchange all or part of the implant: two for aseptic loosening of tibial component, one for osteolysis, one for persistent flessum (30°) and one for tibial periprosthetic fracture. Completely integrated implants and event-free outcomes were recorded in 91.4 % of the cases at eight-year follow-up. The Hospital for Special Surgery score significantly improved from 56.8/100 points before the surgery to 83.9/100 points at the last follow-up (p < 0.05). Radiologically, only one patient had radiolucent lines around the tibial and femoral components. This cementless total knee prosthesis yielded good medium-term survival. Cementless arthroplasty can generate solid and durable bone fixation in this total weight-bearing implant, and it seems that the hidroxyapathitis surface in this series stimulate the bone integration at the bone-implant interface. PMID:24858380

Normand, Xavier; Pinçon, Jean-Louis; Ragot, Jean-Marie; Verdier, Régis; Aslanian, Thierry

2015-02-01

309

Three- and Five-Year Follow-Up of a Combined Inpatient-Outpatient Treatment of Obese Children and Adolescents  

PubMed Central

Aim. “The combined DAK therapy for obesity in children and adolescents” combines a 6-week inpatient with a 10.5-month outpatient treatment. The aim of the study is to evaluate whether the therapeutic achievements are maintained two and four years after intervention. Method. All subjects who had participated in the 12-month program in 2004/2005 were included in the follow-up study. Body weight, height, and physical fitness were assessed through direct measurements, behaviour, and quality of life by self-report questionnaires. Statistical analysis is based on an intention-to-treat analysis. Results. The response rate after three years was 63.4% and 42.2% after five years. Within three years, participants reduced their BMI-SDS significantly by 0.20 (SD 0.49) and by 0.15 (SD 0.51) within five years. Significant positive changes could be observed with respect to the participants eating behaviour. Similarly, the food intake, particularly the consumption of calorie-reduced beverages, increased significantly while that of nonrecommended foods decreased. Improvement was also seen in the subjective quality of life as well as several aspects of self-perception. Conclusion. Compared to baseline data, significant reduction of BMI-SDS and positive changes of health-related behaviours could be observed even three and five years after the start of the initial program. PMID:23690795

Adam, Sibylle; Rudolphi, Birgit; Kraaibeek, Hanna-Kathrin

2013-01-01

310

End-stage renal failure in juvenile diabetes mellitus: a 5-year follow-up of treatment.  

PubMed

A group of 43 juvenile diabetic patients accepted for renal transplantation and followed up for as long as 5 years was studied. The cumulative survivial of the group was 66% at 1 year and 58% at 5 years. The 1-year survival of those receiving cadaveric renal allografts (65%) or of those on dialysis alone (55%) was less than the survival of those after living related donor transplantation (88%). The major morbid sequelae included retinopathy, neuropathy, and peripheral vascular disease. While patients were on dialysis, blindness increased, with 44% of the bilateral blindness and 27% of the unilateral blindness representing new cases. After transplantation, permanent unilateral or bilateral blindness developed in an additional 12% of the patients. Severe neuropathy progressed rapidly in patients on dialysis and improved after transplantation in all. Fifty percent of the patients who survived transplantation 1 year or more required amputation of one or more extremities. Only 25% of the patients who survived 1 year after transplantation were without blindness, severe peripheral vascular problems, or both. PMID:323585

Mitchell, J C

1977-05-01

311

Total disc replacement compared to lumbar fusion: a randomised controlled trial with 2-year follow-up.  

PubMed

The study design includes a prospective, randomised controlled study comparing total disc replacement (TDR) with posterior fusion. The main objective of this study is to compare TDR with lumbar spinal fusion, in terms of clinical outcome, in patients referred to a spine clinic for surgical evaluation. Fusion is effective for treating chronic low back pain (LBP), but has drawbacks, such as stiffness and possibly adjacent level degradation. Motion-preserving options have emerged, of which TDR is frequently used because of these drawbacks. How the results of TDR compare to fusion, however, is uncertain. One hundred and fifty-two patients with a mean age of 40 years (21-55) were included: 90 were women, and 80 underwent TDR. The patients had not responded to a conservative treatment programme and suffered from predominantly LBP, with varying degrees of leg pain. Diagnosis was based on clinical examination, radiographs, MRI, and in unclear cases, diagnostic injections. Outcome measures were global assessment (GA), VAS for back and leg pain, Oswestry Disability Index, SF36 and EQ5D at 1 and 2 years. Follow-up rate was 100%, at both 1 and 2 years. All outcome variables improved in both groups between preoperative and follow-up assessment. The primary outcome measure, GA, revealed that 30% in the TDR group and 15% in the fusion group were totally pain-free at 2 years (P = 0.031). TDR patients had reached maximum recovery in virtually all variables at 1 year, with significant differences compared to the fusion group. The fusion patients continued to improve and at 2 years had results similar to TDR patients apart from numbers of pain-free. Complications and reoperations were similar in both groups, but pedicle screw removal as additive surgery, was frequent in the fusion group. One year after surgery, TDR was superior to spinal fusion in clinical outcome, but this difference had diminished by 2 years, apart from (VAS for back pain and) numbers of pain-free. The long-term benefits have yet to be examined. PMID:19506919

Berg, Svante; Tullberg, Tycho; Branth, Björn; Olerud, Claes; Tropp, Hans

2009-10-01

312

Autotransplantation of a Supernumerary Tooth to Replace a Misaligned Incisor with Abnormal Dimensions and Morphology: 2-Year Follow-Up  

PubMed Central

Autotransplantation is a viable treatment option to restore esthetics and function impaired by abnormally shaped teeth when a suitable donors tooth is available. This paper describes the autotransplantation and 2-year follow-up of a supernumerary maxillary incisor as a replacement to a misaligned maxillary incisor with abnormal crown morphology and size. The supernumerary incisor was immediately autotransplanted into the extraction site of the large incisor and was stabilized with a bonded semirigid splint for 2 weeks. Fixed orthodontic therapy was initiated 3 months after autotransplantation. Ideal alignment of the incisors was accomplished after 6 months along with radiographic evidence of apical closure and osseous/periodontal regeneration. In autogenous tooth transplantation, a successful clinical outcome can be achieved if the cases are selected and treated properly. PMID:23476813

Tirali, R. Ebru; Sar, Cagla; Ates, Ufuk; Kizilkaya, Metin; Cehreli, S. Burcak

2013-01-01

313

Haemostatic variables, serum lipid abnormalities and vascular complications in diabetes mellitus: a 5 year follow-up study.  

PubMed

The relationship among blood lipids, haemostatic and fibrinolytic parameters have been evaluated, during a follow-up study, in 27 non-insulin dependent (type II) diabetic patients. Upon recruitment, and in periodical controls, we observed that plasma triglycerides and VLDL levels correlated inversely, and HDL directly, with the fibrinolytic activity of plasma and euglobulin precipitate. Furthermore triglycerides and VLDL correlated directly with Factor VIII antigen (vWFAg). After 5 years in the study, 12 patients (44%) had macroangiopathic complications, and 9 of these subjects showed persistently high levels of triglycerides (above 2.36 mmol/l). These haemostatic and lipid components, however, do not influence the progression of diabetic retinopathy and nephropathy. The alterations of lipid, haemostatic and fibrinolytic parameters and their possible relationships seem to play an important role in the occurrence of diabetic macroangiopathy. PMID:3382760

Gamba, G; Solerte, S B; Grignani, G; Pacchiarini, L; Montani, N; Ferrari, E

1988-06-01

314

Trochanteric fixation using a third-generation cable device--minimum follow-up of 3 years.  

PubMed

Third-generation trochanteric fixation cable systems are designed to overcome implant breakage, nonunion, and bony escape. The study prospectively assessed the functional and radiologic outcomes using such an implant. Forty-seven trochanteric fixations in 46 patients were performed over 4 years at 2 institutions using the Accord Cable Plate system (Smith and Nephew, Memphis, Tenn). Serial evaluation at a mean follow-up of 57 months demonstrated that the mean Harris hip scores improved from 52.3 preoperatively to 88.2 postoperatively (P < .001), and the mean pain score improved from 6.2 to 2.3, respectively (P < .001). No cable breakage, fretting, or fraying occurred. There were 2 cases of nonunion. A third-generation cable system appears to improve upon early-generation implants and provide favorable outcomes for reattachment of a trochanteric fragment in a variety of clinical scenarios. PMID:21908164

Patel, Shelain; Soler, Juan A; El-Husseiny, Moataz; Pegg, Derek J; Witt, Johan D; Haddad, Fares S

2012-03-01

315

Longitudinal course of obsessive-compulsive disorder in patients with anxiety disorders: a 15-year prospective follow-up study  

PubMed Central

Background Although obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is typically described as a chronic condition, relatively little is known about the naturalistic, longitudinal course of the disorder. The purpose of the current study was to examine the probability of OCD remission and recurrence as well as to explore demographic and clinical predictors of remission. Methods This study uses data from the Harvard/Brown Anxiety Disorders Research Program, which is a prospective, naturalistic, longitudinal study of anxiety disorders. Diagnoses were established by means of a clinical interview at study intake. One hundred thirteen Harvard/Brown Anxiety Disorders Research Program participants with OCD were included in the study; all had a history of at least 1 other anxiety disorder. Assessments were conducted at 6-month and/or annual intervals during 15 years of follow-up. Results Survival analyses showed that the probability of OCD remission was .16 at year 1, .25 at year 5, .31 at year 10, and .42 at year 15. For those who remitted from OCD, the probability of recurrence was .07 at year 1, .15 by year 3, and by year 5, it reached .25 and remained at .25 through year 15. In predictors of course, those who were married and those without comorbid major depressive disorder (MDD) were more likely to remit from OCD. By year 15, 51% of those without MDD remitted from OCD compared to only 20% of those with MDD. Conclusions In the short term, OCD appears to have a chronic course with low rates of remission. However, in the long term, a fair number of people recover from the disorder, and, for those who experience remission from OCD, the probability of recurrence is fairly low. PMID:21349511

Marcks, Brook A.; Weisberg, Risa B.; Dyck, Ingrid; Keller, Martin B.

2013-01-01

316

Combined therapy with bevacizumab and photodynamic therapy for myopic choroidal neovascularization: A one-year follow-up controlled study  

PubMed Central

AIM To evaluate the efficacy and safety of a combined treatment for myopic choroidal neovascularization (CNV) using photodynamic therapy (PDT) and intravitreal bevacizumab and to compare it with intravitreal bevacizumab monotherapy. METHODS Thirty-four eyes with angiographic evidence of myopic CNV were randomly divided into two groups: 17 were treated with one intravitreal bevacizumab injection (1.25 mg) and low-fluence-rate PDT within seven days of the injection (Group A). The other 17 received monotherapy with bevacizumab injections (Group B). Clinical evidence of complications, best corrected visual acuity (BCVA) and fluorescein leakage were evaluated. BCVA and optical coherence tomography (OCT) were evaluated monthly. The timepoints follow-up was established at 6 and 12mo. All patients were retreated following a PRN protocol. RESULTS A total of 34 eyes of 34 patients (26 women and 8 men) with a mean age of 62.35 years were included. In Group A (17 eyes) the mean BCVA increased from 0.55±0.13 logMAR before the treatment to 0.40±0.09 logMAR at the 12mo follow-up (P<0.01). In Group B (17 eyes) the mean BCVA increased from 0.60±0.11 logMAR before the treatment to 0.55±0.12 logMAR at the 12mo follow-up (P<0.01). There was no statistically significant difference between the two groups in terms of LogMar visual acuity. In Group A the mean number of combined treatments was 1.8±0.11 per patient; in Group B the mean number of intravitreal bevacizumab injections was 3.1±0.08 per patient. The number of treatments was significantly fewer in Group A (P<0.01). No local or systemic side effects occurred among any of the patients treated in this study. CONCLUSION The combination of anti-angiogenic injections and PDT appears to be a safe and effective option for myopic CNV treatment and allows for a significant reduction of intravitreal injections. PMID:24790881

Saviano, Sandro; Piermarocchi, Rita; Leon, Pia E.; Mangogna, Alessandro; Zanei, Andrea; Cavarzeran Sc, Fabiano; Tognetto, Daniele

2014-01-01

317

Determinants of all causes of death in samples of Italian middle-aged men followed up for 25 years.  

PubMed Central

A total of 1712 men aged 40 to 59 years in two rural cohorts of northern and central Italy have been followed up for 25 years after an entry examination in 1960. Forty one individual characteristics have been considered as possible predictors of death in the next 25 years. After exclusion of 55 men with life threatening diseases (cardiovascular and cancer) and of 161 men because of missing measurements, 1495 men have been analysed for relation between entry factors and subsequent death (n = 670). Twelve factors eventually emerged as powerful predictors of future death: in hierarchical order, age, blood pressure, forced expiratory volume, cigarette smoking, xanthelasma, mother life-status, arm circumference, father life-status, shoulder-pelvis ratio, vital capacity, arcus senilis, and serum cholesterol. Discrimination as provided by logistic modelling placed 19.6% of all cases in the upper decile of the estimated risk, 36.8% in the upper quintile, 2.5% in the lowest decile, and 7.1% in the lowest quintile. Out of those located in the lowest decile of risk, 11.4% died within 25 years while the corresponding percentage in the upper decile was 87.3%. Use of the Cox model yielded slightly better coefficients than logistic function. PMID:3443819

Menotti, A; Mariotti, S; Seccareccia, F; Torsello, S; Dima, F

1987-01-01

318

Community-Based Training-Detraining Intervention in Older Women: A Five-Year Follow-Up Study.  

PubMed

This five-year follow-up non-randomized controlled study evaluated community-based training and detraining on body composition and functional ability in older women. Forty-two volunteers (64.3±5.1 yrs) were divided into four groups: aerobic training, strength training, combined aerobic and strength, and control. Body composition and physical fitness were measured at baseline, after nine months of training and after three months of detraining every year. After five years of training, body fat decreased, and fat free mass, strength, and chair test performance increased (p < .05) in all training groups. Training-induced favourable adaptations were reversed during detraining but eventually, training groups presented better values than the control group even after detraining. Thus, nine months of annual training, during a five-year period, induced favorable adaptations on body composition, muscular strength and functional ability in elderly women. Three months of detraining, however, changed the favorable adaptations and underlined the need for uninterrupted exercise throughout life. PMID:25415933

Douda, Helen T; Kosmidou, Konstantina V; Smilios, Ilias; Volaklis, Konstantinos A; Tokmakidis, Savvas P

2014-11-21

319

Benchmark concentrations for methyl mercury obtained from the 9-year follow-up of the Seychelles Child Development Study.  

PubMed

Methyl mercury (MeHg) is highly toxic to the developing nervous system. Human exposure is mainly from fish consumption since small amounts are present in all fish. Findings of developmental neurotoxicity following high-level prenatal exposure to MeHg raised the question of whether children whose mothers consumed fish contaminated with background levels during pregnancy are at an increased risk of impaired neurological function. Benchmark doses determined from studies in New Zealand, and the Faroese and Seychelles Islands indicate that a level of 4-25 parts per million (ppm) measured in maternal hair may carry a risk to the infant. However, there are numerous sources of uncertainty that could affect the derivation of benchmark doses, and it is crucial to continue to investigate the most appropriate derivation of safe consumption levels. Earlier, we published the findings from benchmark analyses applied to the data collected on the Seychelles main cohort at the 66-month follow-up period. Here, we expand on the main cohort analyses by determining the benchmark doses (BMD) of MeHg level in maternal hair based on 643 Seychellois children for whom 26 different neurobehavioral endpoints were measured at 9 years of age. Dose-response models applied to these continuous endpoints incorporated a variety of covariates and included the k-power model, the Weibull model, and the logistic model. The average 95% lower confidence limit of the BMD (BMDL) across all 26 endpoints varied from 20.1 ppm (range=17.2-22.5) for the logistic model to 20.4 ppm (range=17.9-23.0) for the k-power model. These estimates are somewhat lower than those obtained after 66 months of follow-up. The Seychelles Child Development Study continues to provide a firm scientific basis for the derivation of safe levels of MeHg consumption. PMID:16806480

van Wijngaarden, Edwin; Beck, Christopher; Shamlaye, Conrad F; Cernichiari, Elsa; Davidson, Philip W; Myers, Gary J; Clarkson, Thomas W

2006-09-01

320

Acquired haemophilia A. First line treatment with calcineurin inhibitors and steroid pulses: a 10-year follow-up study.  

PubMed

Acquired haemophilia A (AH) is defined as the presence of autoantibodies or inhibitors against factor VIII (FVIII) with a clinical bleeding onset that can be life-threatening. Immunosuppressant therapy must be initiated rapidly to eradicate the inhibitor. Current treatments based on steroids plus cyclophosphamide or rituximab are quite effective, but with significant side-effects. Based on previous described AH cases treated with cyclosporine, with a good side-effect profile, we aimed at assessing prospectively a first-line calcineurin inhibitor based immunosuppressive therapy. We included a total of 11 patients affected with AH. Once diagnosed, pulse steroids and calcineurin inhibitors were started. Time to achieve sustained response (SR), defined as testing negative for inhibitor and with stable FVIII level >50%, immunosuppressant side-effects, and relapse of AH were evaluated. Eight patients received cyclosporine and three patients received tacrolimus. SR was achieved in 10 of 11 patients (90.9%) in a median time of 3 weeks (range 2-8 weeks), and none of them relapsed during a median follow-up time of 14 months (range 4-120). One major side-effect appeared (posterior encephalopathy) that forced to discontinue cyclosporine. Overall 5-year survival rate was 54.5%, with a total of five patients dying during the follow-up (mortality rate of 45.5%). These five patients had achieved SR and died because of complications of basal morbidities and/or senescence, not related to AH (bleeding) or to immunosuppressant's (infection) side-effects. Combination therapy of calcineurin inhibitors and pulse steroids seems clinically effective as a first-line treatment of AH. PMID:22429259

Pardos-Gea, J; Altisent, C; Parra, R; Vilardell-Tarrès, M; Ordi-Ros, J

2012-09-01

321

Modular stem fixed-bearing total ankle replacement: prospective results of 23 consecutive cases with 3-year follow-up.  

PubMed

In the present report, the 3-year outcomes of 23 consecutive patients treated with a modular stem fixed-bearing total ankle replacement are described. Pain, functional impairment, and disability were assessed annually using a visual analog scale. Complications and additional procedures also were recorded. Compared with preoperative pain (8.4 ± 1.4), functional impairment (8.7 ± 2.3), and disability (3.0 ± 2.5), there were statistically significant postoperative improvements at 1 year (pain, 2.6 ± 1.6; functional impairment, 3.1 ± 2.1; disability, 0.9 ± 1.2), 2 years (pain, 1.5 ± 1.3; functional impairment, 1.9 ± 1.4; disability, 0.6 ± 1.4), and 3 years (pain, 1.3 ± 1.3; functional impairment, 1.9 ± 1.9; disability, 0.4 ± 0.9; p ? .001). Pain, function, and disability significantly improved postoperatively from 1 to 2 years (p ? .008) and from 1 to 3 years (p ? .008). The reductions in pain, functional impairment, and disability were maintained from 2 to 3 years (p ? .08). Nine complications (39.1%) were encountered: 1 deep infection, 2 pulmonary embolisms, 3 wounds, 1 ectopic bone formation, 1 stiff joint, and 1 talar subsidence. In the 3-year follow-up period, 3 patients (13.0%) required additional procedures after the immediate postoperative phase. Our results have demonstrated that modular stem fixed-bearing prostheses can be implanted in a predictable and consistent fashion with resultant improvements in pain, function, and disability. Future studies evaluating the clinical outcomes after modular stem fixed-bearing total ankle replacement are warranted. PMID:24891091

Brigido, Stephen A; Galli, Melissa M; Bleazey, Scott T; Protzman, Nicole M

2014-01-01

322

Juvenile idiopathic scoliosis treated with posterior arthrodesis and segmental pedicle screw instrumentation before the age of 9 years: a 5-year follow-up  

Microsoft Academic Search

STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective study. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the radiological results of fusion with segmental pedicle screw fixation in juvenile idiopathic scoliosis with a minimum 5-year follow-up. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Progression of spinal deformity after posterior instrumentation and fusion in immature patients has been reported by several authors. Segmental pedicle screw fixation has been shown to be effective in controlling

Ahmet Y?lmaz ?arlak; Halil Atmaca; Levent Buluç; Bilgehan Tosun; Resul Musao?lu

2009-01-01

323

Robot-assisted radical prostatectomy: histopathologic and biochemical recurrence data at one-year follow-up  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Introduction: Robotically assisted laparoscopic radical prostatectomy is a minimally invasive alternative for the treatment of prostate cancer. We report the histopathologic and short term PSA outcomes of 500 robotic prostatectomies. Materials and Methods: Five hundred patients underwent robotic radical prostatectomy. The procedure was performed via a six trocar transperitoneal technique. Prostatectomy specimens were analyzed for TNM Stage, Gleason's grade, tumor location, volume, specimen weight, seminal vesicle involvement and margin status. A positive margin was reported if cancer cells were found at the inked specimen margin. PSA data was collected every three months for the first year, then every six months for a year, then yearly. Results: Average pre-operative PSA was 6.9 (1-90) with Gleason's score of 5 (2%), 6 (52%), 7 (40%), 8 (4%), 9(2%). Post operatively histopathologic analysis showed Gleason's 6 (44%), 7(42%), 8(10%), 9(4%). 10%, 5%, 63%, 15%, 5% and 2% had pathologic stage T2a, T2b, T2c, T3a, T3b and T4 respectively. Positive margin rate was 9.4% for the entire series. The positive margin rate per 100 cases was: 13% (1-100), 8% (101-200), 13% (201-300), 5% (301-400) and 8% (401-500). By stage it was 2%, 4%, 2.5% for T2a, T2b, T2c tumors, 23% (T3a), 46% (T3b) and 53% (T4a). For organ confined disease (T2) the margin rate was 2.5% and 31% for non organ confined disease. There were a total of 47 positive margins, 26 (56%) posterolateral, 4 (8.5%) apical, 4 (8.5%) bladder neck, 2 (4%) seminal vesicle and 11 (23%) multifocally. Ninety five percent of patients (n=500) have undetectable PSA (<0.1) at average follow up of 9.7 months. Recurrence has only been seen with non organ confined tumors. Those patients with a minimum follow up of 1 year (average 15.7 months) 95% have undetectable PSA (<.1). Conclusion: Our initial experience with robotic radical prostatectomy is promising. Histopathologic outcomes are acceptable with a low overall margin positive rate. Short term biochemical recurrence free survival has also been good. We believe that the precise dissection allowed by the advantages of laparoscopic robotic surgery will translate into excellent long term oncologic outcomes.

Patel, Vipul; Thaly, Rahul; Shah, Ketul

2007-02-01

324

Changes in neuropsychological performance after traumatic brain injury from inpatient rehabilitation to 1-year follow-up in predicting 2-year functional outcomes.  

PubMed

The present study explored the predictive value of interval change in neuropsychological performance at three time-points following moderate-to-severe TBI (inpatient rehabilitation, 1-year, and 2-year follow-up) on functional outcome measures collected at 2-year follow-up. Symmetrized percent change scores were calculated and used to predict scores on functional measures using linear regression while controlling for age and injury severity. Results showed that change in performance from inpatient to 1-year on total list learning (CVLT-II or RAVLT) and oral SDMT significantly predicted 2-year ratings of functional status. By comparison, most neuropsychological measures taken at 1-year follow-up also accounted for unique variance in 2-year functional outcomes. These results indicate that changes in learning and processing speed during the first year of recovery are sensitive indicators when predicting long-term disability and degree of functional independence, though absolute performance at 1 year is also highly associated with functional outcome at 2 years post-injury. PMID:21120763

Bercaw, Edwin L; Hanks, Robin A; Millis, Scott R; Gola, Thomas J

2011-01-01

325

A 4-Year Follow-up Cohort Study of the Respiratory Functions in Toner-handling Workers  

PubMed Central

Background Focusing on the respiratory function for health effect indices, we conducted a cross-sectional study on workers who did and did not handle toner to compare the longitudinal changes. Methods Among 116 individuals who worked for a Japanese business equipment manufacturer and participated in the study, the analysis included 69 male workers who we were able to follow up for 4 years. We categorized the 40 workers engaged in toner-handling work as the exposed group and the 29 workers not engaged in these tasks as the referent group, and compared their respiratory function test results: peak expiratory flow rate (PEFR), vital capacity (VC), predicted vital capacity (%VC), forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV1), and forced expiratory volume in 1 second as a percent of forced vital capacity (FEV1%). Results The cross-sectional study of the respiratory function test results at the baseline and at the 5th year showed no statistically significant differences in PEFR, VC, %VC, FEV1, and FEV1% between the exposed and referent workers. Also, respiratory function time-course for 4 years was calculated and compared between the groups. No statistically significant differences were shown. Conclusion Our study does not suggest any toner exposure effects on respiratory function. However, the number of subjects was small in our study; studies of larger populations will be desired in the future. PMID:25516816

Yanagi, Nobuaki; Kitamura, Hiroko; Mizuno, Mitsuhito; Hata, Koichi; Uchiyama, Tetsuro; Kuga, Hiroaki; Matsushita, Tetsuhiro; Kurosaki, Shizuka; Uehara, Masamichi; Ogami, Akira; Higashi, Toshiaki

2014-01-01

326

Longitudinal supportive periodontal therapy for severe chronic periodontitis with furcation involvement: a 12-year follow-up report.  

PubMed

We report a case involving a 12-year follow-up after treatment for chronic periodontitis with furcation involvement. A 54-year-old woman presented with the chief complaint of hypersensitivity. Clinical examination at the first visit revealed 15% of sites with a probing depth ?4 mm and 35% of sites with bleeding on probing. Initial periodontal therapy was implemented based on a clinical diagnosis of severe chronic periodontitis. Surgical periodontal therapy was subsequently performed at selected sites. For #44, regenerative periodontal therapy using enamel matrix derivative (Emdogain(®)) was selected. For #16, which exhibited a 2- to 3-wall vertical bony defect and class III (mesio-distal) furcation involvement, bone graft was scheduled. Other sites with residual periodontal pockets were treated by open flap debridement. For #37, with a gutter-shaped root, odontoplasty was performed. After reevaluation, the patient was placed on supportive periodontal therapy (SPT). During 12 years of SPT, the periodontal condition remained uneventful in most of the teeth. However, bone resorption was observed in the distal aspect of #37, making the prognosis poor. This indicates the need to continuously monitor risk factors, including inflammation and traumatic occlusion, during SPT. Although some problems still remain, severe periodontitis with furcation involvement was successfully maintained longitudinally with an adequate level of patient compliance and careful SPT. PMID:24521550

Komiya-Ito, Akiyo; Tomita, Sachiyo; Kinumatsu, Takashi; Fujimoto, Yoshihiro; Tsunoda, Masatake; Saito, Atsushi

2013-01-01

327

Alloplastic total temporomandibular joint replacement using stock prosthesis: a one-year follow-up report of two cases  

PubMed Central

Alloplastic total replacement of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) was developed in recent decades. In some conditions, previous studies suggested the rationale behind alloplastic TMJ replacement rather than reconstruction with autogenous grafts. Currently, three prosthetic products are available and approved by the US Food and Drug Administration. Among these products, customized prostheses are manufactured, via computer aided design/computer aided manufacturing (CAD/CAM) system for customized design; stock-type prostheses are provided in various sizes and shapes. In this report, two patients (a 50-year-old female who had undergone condylectomy for the treatment of osteochondroma extending to the cranial base on the left condyle, and a 21-year-old male diagnosed with left temporomandibular ankylosis) were treated using the alloplastic total replacement of TMJ using stock prosthesis. The follow-up results of a favorable one-year, short-term therapeutic outcome were obtained for the alloplastic total TMJ replacement using a stock-type prosthesis. PMID:24516821

Lee, Sang-Hoon; Ryu, Da-Jung; Kim, Hye-Sun; Kim, Hyung-Gon

2013-01-01

328

Excellent results with the cemented Lubinus SP II 130-mm femoral stem at 10 years of follow-up  

PubMed Central

Background and purpose The Lubinus SP II stem is well documented in both orthopedic registries and clinical studies. Worldwide, the most commonly used stem lengths are 150 mm and 170 mm. In 1995, the 130-mm stem was introduced, but no outcome data have been published. We assessed the long-term survival of the Lubinus SP II 130-mm stem in primary total hip arthroplasty. Patients and methods In a retrospective cohort study, we evaluated 829 patients with a Lubinus SP II primary total hip arthroplasty (932 hips). The hips were implanted between 1996 and 2001. The primary endpoint was revision for any reason. The mean follow-up period was 10 (5–15) years. Results Survival analysis showed an all-cause 10-year survival rate of the stem of 98.7% (95% CI: 99.7–97.7), and all-cause 10-year survival of the total hip arthroplasty was 98.3% (95% CI: 99.3–97.3). Interpretation Excellent long-term results can be achieved with the cemented Lubinus SP II with the relatively short 130-mm stem. This stem has potential advantages over its 150-mm and 170-mm siblings such as bone preservation distal to the stem, better proximal filling around the prosthesis, and easier removal. PMID:24694276

Prins, Wybren; Meijer, Remco; Kollen, Boudewijn J; Verheyen, Cees CPM; Ettema, Harmen B

2014-01-01

329

Mortality among young injection drug users in San Francisco: a 10-year follow-up of the UFO study.  

PubMed

This study examined associations between mortality and demographic and risk characteristics among young injection drug users in San Francisco, California, and compared the mortality rate with that of the population. A total of 644 young (<30 years) injection drug users completed a baseline interview and were enrolled in a prospective cohort study, known as the UFO ("U Find Out") Study, from November 1997 to December 2007. Using the National Death Index, the authors identified 38 deaths over 4,167 person-years of follow-up, yielding a mortality rate of 9.1 (95% confidence interval: 6.6, 12.5) per 1,000 person-years. This mortality rate was 10 times that of the general population. The leading causes of death were overdose (57.9%), self-inflicted injury (13.2%), trauma/accidents (10.5%), and injection drug user-related medical conditions (13.1%). Mortality incidence was significantly higher among those who reported injecting heroin most days in the past month (adjusted hazard ratio = 5.8, 95% confidence interval: 1.4, 24.3). The leading cause of death in this group was overdose, and primary use of heroin was the only significant risk factor for death observed in the study. These findings highlight the continued need for public health interventions that address the risk of overdose in this population in order to reduce premature deaths. PMID:22227793

Evans, Jennifer L; Tsui, Judith I; Hahn, Judith A; Davidson, Peter J; Lum, Paula J; Page, Kimberly

2012-02-15

330

Multiple traumatic injury to maxillary incisors in an adolescent female: treatment outcome with two years follow-up  

PubMed Central

Summary Number, type and severity of dental injuries per patient differ according to the patient’s age and the cause of accident. The trauma group resulting from pedestrian-, bicycle-, and car-related injuries is usually dominated by multiple dental injuries, injuries to the supporting bone and soft-tissue injuries. This report describes a case of a 16.2-year-old female who suffered traumatic injuries to her permanent maxillary incisors after a car accident. Concussion of tooth 12, extrusive luxation of tooth 11, avulsion of tooth 21 and subluxation with complicated crown fracture of tooth 22 were observed at the emergency visit 75 minutes after the trauma. Tooth 21 was dry stored for 15 minutes, then in milk for 60 minutes. The treatment plan according to IADT guidelines was performed with the satisfaction of the dentists and the patient. After 1 year follow- up a replacement root resorption of tooth 21 was diagnosed; it was then considered severe at the time of the 2 year control visit. Educational programs are essential to optimize the treatment outcome both at the accident site and also at the dental office. PMID:23991273

Biagi, Roberto; Cardarelli, Filippo; Storti, Ennio; Majorana, Alessandra; Farronato, Giampietro

2013-01-01

331

Thirty-year follow-up of chemo/hormonal therapy in node-positive breast cancer.  

PubMed

Results of a thirty-year follow-up of a clinical trial of chemo-hormonal therapy are reported. Eligible patients had recently diagnosed operable breast cancer, positive lymph nodes, no previous history of cancer, age less than 76 years, and no evidence of metastatic disease. A total of 311 patients were stratified by estrogen receptor (ER) status and number of axillary nodes involved with tumor. After stratification, patients were randomly assigned to one of three treatment regimens: cyclophosphamide, methotrexate and 5-fluorouracil (CMF) for 1 year; CMF chemotherapy combined with anti-estrogen therapy (tamoxifen) for 1 year; or CMF plus tamoxifen with BCG during the second year. The endpoint of the trial was a first recurrence. Factors measured at diagnosis and used in the analyses were age, body mass index, ER status, menopausal status, number of positive nodes, tumor diameter, Charlson comorbidity index, socioeconomic status, and race. Causes of death and incidence of other cancer primaries were obtained from death certificates and medical records. Patients treated with tamoxifen had a marginally longer disease-free survival (hazard ratio (HR)=0.83, 95% CI identical with [0.66, 1.04]) and statistically significant longer overall survival (HR=0.77, 95% CI identical with [0.63, 0.96]) that decreased with time. Incidence of other primary cancers and causes of death were similar for the two treatment groups. The addition of 1 year of tamoxifen to CMF therapy provides an early disease-free and overall survival advantage; however long-term effects are negligible. Similarly, the survival advantage of patients diagnosed with ER+ tumors persists for the first two decades after diagnosis. PMID:17033926

Gordon, N H; Silverman, P; Lasheen, W; Meinert, J; Siminoff, L A

2007-05-01

332

Multisite quantitative ultrasound for the prediction of fractures over 5 years of follow-up: the Canadian Multicentre Osteoporosis Study.  

PubMed

This study assessed the ability of multisite quantitative ultrasound (mQUS) to predict fracture over a 5-year follow-up. Participants were a subset of the Canadian Multicentre Osteoporosis Study. mQUS-assessed speed of sound (SOS in m/s) at three sites (distal radius, tibia, and phalanx) and extensive questionnaires were completed, after which participants were followed for 5 years and incident fractures recorded. Two survival analyses were completed for each site--a univariate analysis and an adjusted multivariate analysis controlling for age, antiresorptive use, femoral neck bone mineral density, number of diseases, previous fractures, body mass index (BMI), parental history of hip fracture, current smoking, current alcoholic drinks >3 per day, current use of glucocorticoids, and rheumatoid arthritis diagnosis (variables from the FRAX 10-year fracture risk assessment tool). The unit of change for regression analyses was one standard deviation for all measurement sites, specific to site and sex. Separate analyses were completed for all clinical fractures, nonvertebral fractures, and hip fractures by sex. There were 2633 women and 1108 men included, and they experienced 204 incident fractures over 5 years (5.5% fractured). Univariate models revealed statistically significant (p?years (one standard deviation decrease in SOS was associated with a 25% to 31% increase in the risk of fracture). mQUS provided significant 5-year clinical fracture prediction in women, independent of bone mineral density and other significant risk factors for fracture, when measured at the distal radius and tibia sites. PMID:23519952

Olszynski, Wojciech P; Brown, Jacques P; Adachi, Jonathan D; Hanley, David A; Ioannidis, George; Davison, Kenneth S

2013-09-01

333

New-generation filler based on cross-linked carboxymethylcellulose: study of 350 patients with 3-year follow-up  

PubMed Central

Purpose In recent years there has been a growing interest in nonsurgical procedures for facial rejuvenation. Hyaluronic acid is currently the most widely used dermal filler for the treatment of facial wrinkles. However, new products with interesting features are being introduced into the market. Cross-linked carboxymethylcellulose is one of these and represents a new alternative for the correction of wrinkles and facial defects. Patients and methods The retrospective, multicenter, open-label study on nasolabial folds reported here was carried out between January 2010 and April 2014 on 350 subjects between 22 and 67 years of age for a 36-month follow-up period in order to consistently and extensively assess the safety and performance of this treatment. Results The study revealed effective and durable correction of nasolabial wrinkles for periods of 9–12 months. Product reapplication over a 36-month period did not lead to an increase in adverse effects, which always remained rare and of little clinical significance, usually consisting of bruising and redness. Conclusion Cross-linked carboxymethyl cellulose has been shown to be a safe and effective alternative to the resorbable products currently on the market. PMID:25609932

Leonardis, Mauro; Palange, Andrea

2015-01-01

334

Importance of Different Modalities of Treatment For the Management of Keratocystic Odontogenic Tumour with Five year follow-up  

PubMed Central

Background: The keratocystic odontogenic tumors is a benign but one of most aggressive developmental cyst with many distinguishing clinical and histologic features and high recurrence rate. In the given study, authors have studied and presented their experience of managing Keratocystic odontogenic tumour. The aim of the study was to define an appropriate treatment protocol for the management of KCOT. Materials and Methods: Total 8 patients, whose histopathological reports confirmed Gorlin – Goltz syndrome and KCOT, with age between 10 – 50 years, were selected from cases being treated at Sree Balaji Dental College, Chennai, India. Enucleation and resection were the surgical techniques employed. Modality of treatment was based on parameters like age , size, aggressiveness and extent of the lesion. All the patients were operated under general anaesthesia. Cases were studied, reviewed and followed up for five years between 2007-2012. Results: The study included 8 cases in which three cases were opted for resection and five cases for enucleation followed by application of Carnoy’s solution. Conclusion: Treatment modality should be decided on age, extent, aggressiveness and nature of the tumour. PMID:24783143

Ebenezer, Vijay; Ramalingam, Balakrishnan

2014-01-01

335

Raised speed limits, case fatality and road deaths: a six year follow?up using ARIMA models  

PubMed Central

Background In November 1993, the Israeli government increased the speed limit for all vehicles from 90 to 100?km per hour on a total of 115?km of its three major interurban highways. Design/Setting We use ARIMA time series intervention models to evaluate the effect of the raise in speed limit on fatalities, serious injuries, and case?fatality for years 1988–1999. Motor vehicle crash data came from the Central Bureau of Statistics of Israel. Results Between January 1988 and December 1999, a total of 6029 persons were killed and 45?616 were seriously injured on roads in Israel. For all roads combined, the time series ARIMA model indicated that there were 4.69 more deaths per month (p<0.001), or 347 more than expected in the post?intervention period. Case?fatality rate (CFR) on all roads combined rose significantly (p<0.001). Modified case?fatality rate (CFRS) showed an increase of 2.5 deaths per 100 serious casualties (p<0.001). Conclusions The impact of raised speed limits was immediate and sustained. The largest increase in deaths occurred on interurban roads but a spillover effect was observed on urban roads as well. The increases in deaths and case?fatality rates persisted six years after the speed limit change despite major countermeasures and increasing congestion throughout the period of follow?up. PMID:17567969

Friedman, Lee S; Barach, Paul; Richter, Elihu D

2007-01-01

336

Direct adhesive pin-retained restorations for severely worn dentition treatment: a 1.5-year follow-up report.  

PubMed

Excessive occlusal surface wear can result in occlusal disharmony, functional and esthetic impairment. As a therapeutic approach, conventional single crowns have been proposed, but this kind of treatment is complex, highly invasive and expensive. This case report describes the clinical outcomes of an alternative minimally invasive treatment based on direct adhesive-pin retained restorations. A 64-year-old woman with severely worn dentition, eating problems related to missing teeth and generalized tooth hypersensitivity was referred for treatment. Proper treatment planning based on the diagnostic wax-up simulation was used to guide the reconstruction of maxillary anterior teeth with direct composite resin over self-threading dentin pins. As the mandibular remaining teeth were extremely worn, a tooth-supported overdenture was installed. A stabilization splint was also used to protect the restorations. This treatment was a less expensive alternative to full-mouth rehabilitation with positive esthetic and functional outcomes after 1.5 years of follow-up. PMID:25250503

de Andrade, Camila Lima; Gonçalves, Thais Marques Simek Vega; Santos, Ícaro Leite dos; Barros, Michel Silva; Araújo, Nubia Rafaela Ribeiro; Cury, Altair Antoninha Del Bel

2014-01-01

337

Intensive Rehabilitation Treatment in Early Parkinson's Disease: A Randomized Pilot Study With a 2-Year Follow-up.  

PubMed

Background. Although physical exercise improves motor aspects of Parkinson's disease (PD), it is not clear whether it may also have a neuroprotective effect. Objective. In this 2-year follow-up study, we determined whether intensive exercise in the early stages of the disease slows down PD progression. Methods. Forty newly diagnosed patients with PD were treated with rasagiline and randomly assigned to 2 groups: MIRT Group (two 28-day multidisciplinary intensive rehabilitation treatments [MIRT], at 1-year interval) and Control Group (only drug). In both groups, Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale Section II (UPDRS II), UPDRS III, 6-minute walking test (6MWT), Timed Up-and-Go test (TUG); PD Disability Scale (PDDS), and l-dopa equivalents were assessed at baseline (T0), 6 months (T1), 1 year (T2), 18 months (T3), and 2 years (T4) later. Results. Over 2 years, UPDRS II, UPDRS III, TUG, and PDDS differentially progressed in the 2 groups: In the MIRT Group, all scores at T4 were better than at T0 (all Ps < .03). No changes were noted in the Control Group. l-dopa equivalent dosages increased significantly only in the Control Group (P = .0015), with a decrease in the percentages of patients in monotherapy (T1 40%; T2, T3, and T4 20%). In the MIRT Group, the percentages of such patients remained higher (T1 and T2 100%; T3 89%; T4 75%). Conclusions. These results suggest that MIRT might slow down the progression of motor decay, it might delay the need for increasing drug treatment, and thus, it might have a neuroprotective effect. PMID:25038064

Frazzitta, Giuseppe; Maestri, Roberto; Bertotti, Gabriella; Riboldazzi, Giulio; Boveri, Natalia; Perini, Michele; Uccellini, Davide; Turla, Marinella; Comi, Cristoforo; Pezzoli, Gianni; Ghilardi, M Felice

2015-02-01

338

Incidence of Chronic Kidney Disease and Its Risk Factors, Results of Over 10 Year Follow Up in an Iranian Cohort  

PubMed Central

To examine, the predictors of incident chronic kidney disease (CKD) in a community-based cohort of Middle East population, during a mean follow-up of 9.9 years. In a sample of 3313 non-CKD Iranian adults ?20 years the estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) was calculated at baseline and at three year intervals during three consecutive phases. The eGFR <60 mL/min/1.73 m2 was defined as CKD. Multivariate Logistic regression analysis was used to determine the independent variables associated with incident CKD. The incidence density rates of CKD were 285.3 and 132.6 per 10,000 person-year, among women and men, respectively. Female gender per se was associated with higher risk of CKD, compared with males. Among women, age, eGFR, known diabetes, being single or divorced/widowed, hypertension (marginally significant) and current smoking were independent risk factors for CKD; however the intermediate degree of education and family history of diabetes decreased the risk by 40% (P<0.05). Among male subjects, independent predictors of developing CKD included aging and hypertension (with significantly higher risk than in women, P for interaction<0.05), eGFR, new diagnosed diabetes, high normal blood pressure; abdominal obesity decreased the risk of CKD about 30% which was marginally significant. In the Iranian population,>2% of individuals develops CKD each year. Our findings confirmed that sex- specific risk predictors should be considered in primary prevention for incident CKD. PMID:23028919

Tohidi, Maryam; Hasheminia, Mitra; Mohebi, Reza; Khalili, Davood; Hosseinpanah, Farhad; Yazdani, Babak; Nasiri, Amir Ahmad; Azizi, Fereidoun; Hadaegh, Farzad

2012-01-01

339

Juvenile idiopathic scoliosis treated with posterior arthrodesis and segmental pedicle screw instrumentation before the age of 9 years: a 5-year follow-up  

PubMed Central

Study design Retrospective study. Objective To evaluate the radiological results of fusion with segmental pedicle screw fixation in juvenile idiopathic scoliosis with a minimum 5-year follow-up. Summary of background data Progression of spinal deformity after posterior instrumentation and fusion in immature patients has been reported by several authors. Segmental pedicle screw fixation has been shown to be effective in controlling both coronal and sagittal plane deformities. However, there is no long term study of fusion with segmental pedicle screw fixation in these group of patients. Methods Seven patients with juvenile idiopathic scoliosis treated by segmental pedicle screw fixation and fusion were analyzed. The average age of the patients was 7.4 years (range 5–9 years) at the time of the operation. All the patients were followed up 5 years or more (range 5–8 years) and were all Risser V at the most recent follow up. Three dimensional reconstruction of the radiographs was obtained and 3DStudio Max software was used for combining, evaluating and modifying the technical data derived from both 2d and 3d scan data. Results The preoperative thoracic curve of 56 ± 15° was corrected to 24 ± 17° (57% correction) at the latest follow-up. The lumbar curve of 43 ± 14° was corrected to 23 ± 6° (46% correction) at the latest follow-up. The preoperative thoracic kyphosis of 37 ± 13° and the lumbar lordosis of 33 ± 13° were changed to 27 ± 13° and 42 ± 21°, respectively at the latest follow-up. None of the patients showed coronal decompensation at the latest follow-up. Four patients had no evidence of crankshaft phenomenon. In two patients slight increase in Cobb angle at the instrumented segments with a significant increase in AVR suggesting crankshaft phenomenon was seen. One patient had a curve increase in both instrumented and non instrumented segments due to incorrect strategy. Conclusion In juvenile idiopathic curves of Risser 0 patients with open triradiate cartilages, routine combined anterior fusion to prevent crankshaft may not be warranted by posterior segmental pedicle screw instrumentation. PMID:19123957

?arlak, Ahmet Y?lmaz; Atmaca, Halil; Buluç, Levent; Tosun, Bilgehan; Musao?lu, Resul

2009-01-01

340

KTP 532-nm laser treatment of leg telangiectases resistant to sclerotherapy: follow-up after one year  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Leg telangiectasias are venous, arterial and arteriovenous capillarya dilatations of the subpapillary dermal plexus, which is directly connected to the deep dermal plexus and indirectly through perforating to the subfascial saphenic and deep venous circulation. These angectasias are almost always indicators of varicose pathology. After accurage history taking and precise diagnosis they should be treated by sclerosis, but only after having verified possible saphenous ostial refluxes which must be eliminated first by surgical means. Laser photosclerosis is aimed at the small (red) residual, resistant and matting vessels. The 532nm lasers are irreplaceable because of the surface delicacy with which they vaporise selectively the telangiectatic and vascular malforming lesions of the face. The aim of this study was to verify the effectiveness of the 532nm on leg angectasiae resistant to sclerotherapy. We used a laser 532nm Combi Zeiss, Jena in 20 cases selected for residual, resistant relapsing and matting leg telangiectasias (0,1 -1mm) on a total of 64 angectatic areas. The areas were cooled down with ice cubes for at least two minutes. 15 - 40 J/sq cm fluences, 10 - 50 msec. pulse durations and 1,5 mm spots were applied. As soon as the vessel blanched, it was cooled down for two further minutes. Four patients had positive results after one session only, twelve patients asked for a second session after 20 days, four patients were retouched for a third time. Follow up examinations were performed after 7-30 days and one year. In all cases the treatment was reported as painless. The immediate erythema was followed by microcrusting in 52 areas, which disappeared in 15-20 days. The one-year follow-up evidenced partial relapses in six patients and complete replases in four on a total of 30 areas (48%). Two patients had hypo-chromic micro-scars in three areas; two patients had four residual dyspigmented areas. Our results suggest that the use of the 532nm laser is justified in the treatment of residual, resistant, relapsing and matting after sclerotherapy telangiectases.

Marangoni, Ovidio

2002-10-01

341

Risk factors for ischemic stroke; results from 9 years of follow-up in a population based cohort of Iran  

PubMed Central

Background Data about the risk factors of stroke are sparse in the Middle East populations. We aimed to determine the potential risk factors and their population attributable fraction (PAF) for stroke in an Iranian population. Methods A cohort Study consisted of 1089 men and 1289 women, with mean (SD) ages of 61.1(7.6) and 59.0(6.7) years, respectively. Cox regression was implemented to estimate the hazard ratio (HR) of each risk factor for stroke events in a stepwise method. We calculated a multivariate adjusted population attributable fraction (PAF) for any risk factors remained in the model. Results During 9.3 years of follow-up, 69 events of stroke occurred with incidence rates of 4.5 (95% CI: 3.3-6.0) and 2.5 (1.7-3.6) in 1000 person-years for men and women respectively. Among potential risk factors, only age???65 years (HR: 2.03, CI: 1.24-3.31), male gender (HR: 2.00, CI: 1.16-3.43), hypertension (HR: 3.03, CI: 1.76-5.22), diabetes mellitus (HR: 2.18, CI: 1.34-3.56), and chronic kidney disease (CKD) (HR: 2.01, CI: 1.22-3.33), were independently associated with increased risk of stroke events in the total population. A paired homogeneity test showed that the hazard ratio of CKD did not differ from other independent risk factors. The PAFs were 29.7% and 25% for male gender and age???65 as non-modifiable and 48.6%, 29.1% and 22.0% for hypertension, CKD and diabetes as modifiable risk factors respectively. Conclusion Following this population based study of Iranians, we demonstrated that among modifiable risk factors, CKD as well as hypertension and diabetes are the strongest independent predictors of stroke. PMID:23031547

2012-01-01

342

Quarterly vs. yearly clinical follow-up of remotely monitored recipients of prophylactic implantable cardioverter-defibrillators: results of the REFORM trial  

PubMed Central

Aims The rapidly increasing number of patients with implantable cardioverter-defibrillators (ICD) places a large burden on follow-up providers. This study investigated the possibility of longer in-office follow-up intervals in primary prevention ICD patients under remote monitoring with automatic daily data transmissions from the implant memory. Methods and results Conducted in 155 ICD recipients with MADIT II indications, the study compared the burden of scheduled and unscheduled ICD follow-up visits, quality of life (SF-36), and clinical outcomes in patients randomized to either 3- or 12-month follow-up intervals in the period between 3 and 27 months after implantation. Remote monitoring (Biotronik Home Monitoring) was used equally in all patients. In contrast to previous clinical studies, no calendar-based remote data checks were performed between scheduled in-office visits. Compared with the 3-month follow-up interval, the 12-month interval resulted in a minor increase in the number of unscheduled follow-ups (0.64 vs. 0.27 per patient-year; P = 0.03) and in a major reduction in the total number of in-office ICD follow-ups (1.60 vs. 3.85 per patient-year; P < 0.001). No significant difference was found in mortality, hospitalization rate, or hospitalization length during the 2-year observation period, but more patients were lost to follow-up in the 12-month group (10 vs. 3; P = 0.04). The SF-36 scores favoured the 12-month intervals in the domains ‘social functioning’ and ‘mental health’. Conclusion In prophylactic ICD recipients under automatic daily remote monitoring, the extension of the 3-month in-office follow-up interval to 12 months appeared to safely reduce the ICD follow-up burden during 27 months after implantation. ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier NCT00401466 (http://www.clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT00401466). PMID:23868932

Hindricks, Gerhard; Elsner, Christian; Piorkowski, Christopher; Taborsky, Milos; Geller, Jan Christoph; Schumacher, Burghard; Bytesnik, Jan; Kottkamp, Hans

2014-01-01

343

Six Year Follow-Up Study of 1976-1978 Alumni and Stopouts. Research Report Series Volume XIV, No. 2.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In summer 1984, a follow-up study was conducted in Illinois at William Rainey Harper College (WRHC) of the stopouts and transfer and career program alumni who left WRHC between 1976 and 1978. The study sought to assess the long-term impact of WRHC on its students. A mailed survey and follow-up telephone calls to 1,294 former students yielded a 50%…

Lucas, John A.

344

Adult neurobehavioral outcome of hyperbilirubinemia in full term neonates—a 30 year prospective follow-up study  

PubMed Central

Background. Neonatal hyperbilirubinemia (HB) may cause severe neurological damage, but serious consequences are effectively controlled by phototherapy and blood exchange transfusion. HB is still a serious health problem in economically compromised parts of the world. The long term outcome has been regarded favorable based on epidemiological data, but has not been confirmed in prospective follow-up studies extending to adulthood. Methods. We studied the long term consequences of HB in a prospective birth cohort of 128 HB cases and 82 controls. The cases are part of a neonatal at-risk cohort (n = 1196) that has been followed up to 30 years of age. HB cases were newborns ? 2500 g birth weight and ? 37 weeks of gestation who had bilirubin concentrations > 340 µmol/l or required blood exchange transfusion. Subjects with HB were divided into subgroups based on the presence (affected HB) or absence (unaffected HB) of diagnosed neurobehavioral disorders in childhood, and compared with healthy controls. Subjects were seen at discharge, 5, 9 and 16 years of life and parent’s and teacher’s assessments were recorded. At 30 years they filled a questionnaire about academic and occupational achievement, life satisfaction, somatic and psychiatric symptoms including a ADHD self-rating score. Cognitive functioning was tested using ITPA, WISC, and reading and writing tests at 9 years of life. Results. Compared to controls, the odds for a child with HB having neurobehavioral symptoms at 9 years was elevated (OR = 4.68). Forty-five per cent of the HB group were affected by cognitive abnormalities in childhood and continued to experience problems in adulthood. This was apparent in academic achievement (p < 0.0001) and the ability to complete secondary (p < 0.0001) and tertiary (p < 0.004) education. Also, the subgroup of affected HB reported persisting cognitive complaints e.g., problems with reading, writing and mathematics. Childhood symptoms of hyperactivity/impulsivity (p < 0.0001) and inattention (p < 0.02) were more common in HB groups, but in adulthood the symptoms were equal. The affected HB had lower scores in parameters reflecting life satisfaction, less controlled drinking, but not increased substance abuse. Discussion. Our results indicate that neonatal HB has negative consequences in adult age. A prospectively collected cohort with strict inclusion criteria enables to control most of the bias factors involved with retrospective data. The control and HB groups were remarkably similar at birth in terms of medical data, and the growth environment of the children, as well as the parents’ social groups, education, size of family, type of housing at birth and at 9 years of age. Our findings bear resemblance to disorders of the fronto-striatal network, and also symptoms of the ADHD spectrum were frequent in the HB group suggesting a link of HB to other neurodevelopmental disorders. PMID:24688870

Launes, Jyrki; Michelsson, Katarina

2014-01-01

345

Outcome of a scheme for specialist orthodontic care, a follow-up study in 31-year-olds.  

PubMed

Changes in the occlusion after orthodontic treatment have in several studies been analyzed by the use of the PAR Index developed by Shaw & Richmond. The use of the PAR Index has been shown by O'Brien & Shaw to be a reliable and reproducible method to evaluate orthodontic treatment results. The purpose of the study was to examine the long-range orthodontic treatment outcome by following a group of patients into adulthood to the age of 31 years. For the study 115 individuals from a previous randomized study were invited for follow-up examination at age 31 years. Seventy-two individuals, 32 males (44.4%) and 40 females (55.6%) of the original sample attended for clinical examination. Study casts were obtained and questionnaires addressing the patient's awareness and opinion of the treatment were distributed. In addition twenty-four subjects responded by returning filled-in questionnaires. The mean change in wPAR scores from start to retention represents a mean relative improvement in occlusion of 78.7%. The mean wPar score improvement from age 19 to 31 years was 11.9%. The relative mean wPar score change dropped to 53.5% at age 31 years. The differences in wPAR recordings between the recorded stages were all statistically significant. The treatment outcome as expressed by mean wPAR scores at age 31 years was significantly better among individuals treated with extractions compared to those treated without extractions. The mean wPAR scores of the individuals with retainers at age 31 years were significantly lower when compared to the mean score for those without retainers (unpaired t-test, p = 0.020). This clearly indicates the benefit of long-term retention. The changes in the concern scores from 19 to 31 years of age were small. At age 31 years only 8 of the 96 respondents (8.3%) expressed concern about the treatment outcome. PMID:21591599

Lagerström, Lennart; Fornell, Ann-Charlott; Stenvik, Arild

2011-01-01

346

Objective outcome evaluation using inertial sensors in subacromial impingement syndrome: a five-year follow-up study.  

PubMed

Shoulder-related dysfunction is the second most common musculoskeletal disorder and is an increasing burden on health-care systems. Commonly used clinical questionnaires suffer from subjectivity, pain dominance and a ceiling effect. Objective functional measurement has been identified as a relevant issue in clinical rehabilitation. Inertia based motion analysis (IMA) is a new generation of objective outcome assessment tool; it can produce objective movement parameters while being fast, cheap and easy to operate. In this prospective study, an inertial sensor comprising a three-dimensional accelerometer and gyroscope is attached at the humerus to measure shoulder movements during two motion tasks in patients with subacromial impingement syndrome at baseline and at five-year after treatment. One hundred healthy subjects served as healthy reference database and 15 patients were measured pre- and post-treatment. IMA was better able to detect improvement in shoulder movements compared to the clinical questionnaires (Disability of Arm, Shoulder and Hand (DASH) and Simple Shoulder Test (SST); p < 0.05) and was hardly correlated with the clinical questionnaires (Pearson R = 0.39). It may therefore add an objective functional dimension to outcome assessment. The fast assessment (t < 5 min) of a simple motion test makes it suitable for routine clinical follow-up. PMID:24622109

Körver, R J P; Senden, R; Heyligers, I C; Grimm, B

2014-04-01

347

Progression of cardiovascular risk factors in black Africans: 3 year follow up of the SABPA cohort study.  

PubMed

Recent work identified a high prevalence of modifiable risk factors for cardiovascular disease (CVD) among urban black South Africans. The aim was to track the progression of CVD risk factors in a multi-ethnic sample of South Africans. Participants were 173 black (aged 47.5 ± 7.8 yrs) and 186 white teachers (aged 49.6 ± 9.9 yrs) that were examined at baseline and 3 years follow-up. Blacks demonstrated a substantially higher prevalence of composite CVD burden (defined as history of physician diagnosed heart disease, use of anti-hypertensives, anti-diabetic, or statin medications at either time point) compared to whites (49.1 vs. 32.0%, p = 0.012) respectively. After controlling for baseline, the black participants demonstrated greater increases in 24 h systolic and diastolic blood pressure, total cholesterol, fasting glucose, fibrinogen, D-dimer, and waist circumference in comparison with whites. In summary, an adverse progression of CVD risk factors was observed in the whole sample, although to a larger degree in black participants. Aggressive treatment strategies for controlling risk factors in black Africans are needed to reduce the increasing burden of CVD in South Africa. PMID:25437890

Hamer, Mark; von Känel, Roland; Reimann, Manja; Malan, Nico T; Schutte, Alta E; Huisman, Hugo W; Malan, Leone

2015-01-01

348

Safer Sex Media Messages and Adolescent Sexual Behavior: 3-Year Follow-Up Results From Project iMPPACS  

PubMed Central

Objectives. We estimated the long-term (36-month) effects of Project iMPPACS, a multisite randomized controlled trial of mass media and small-group intervention for African American adolescents. Methods. We collected 6 waves of longitudinal data on program participants aged 14 to 17 years (n?=?1139) in Providence, Rhode Island; Syracuse, New York; Columbia, South Carolina; and Macon, Georgia, 36 months (December 2009–December 2010) after the intervention began (August 2006–January 2008). Seemingly unrelated regressions at each wave estimated the effects of 3 types of mass media messages (the thematic mediators: selection, pleasure, and negotiation) on condom use intention and self-reported unprotected vaginal sex events. Results. All 3 mediators of behavior change that were introduced during the media intervention were sustained at the follow-up assessments at least 18 months after the intervention ended, with intention having the largest correlation. Unprotected vaginal sex increased with each wave of the study, although cities receiving media exposure had smaller increases. Conclusions. Project iMPPACS demonstrates that mass media influence delivered over an extended period, when adolescents were beginning to learn patterns of behavior associated with sex, persisted after the media program ended. PMID:23153149

Romer, Daniel; Valois, Robert F.; Vanable, Peter; Carey, Michael P.; Stanton, Bonita; Brown, Larry; DiClemente, Ralph; Salazar, Laura F.

2013-01-01

349

A 2-year follow-up study of children with motor coordination problems identified at school entry age.  

PubMed

Children attending primary schools in Leeds were tested soon after school entry with the Standardized Motor Test Battery (SMTB), specifically designed for this study and comprising: finger tapping, peg moving, bead threading, standing on one leg, hopping and walking. Norms of motor performance are provided for each test. Seventeen children failed the SMTB and were designated to the clumsy group and then matched for age and sex with a control group of children from the survey. Observations by parents and teachers rated the clumsy children inferior to their controls in writing, sporting ability and clumsiness. The clumsy children and their controls were then followed up for a minimum of 2 years, when educational performance was assessed and motor performance reassessed. The clumsy children were found to have impaired educational attainment, particularly in writing, compared to their controls, and their motor performance although much improved was still very inferior to controls. The findings of this study suggest that the SMTB is a sensitive test for the early identification of clumsy children. PMID:2449984

Roussounis, S H; Gaussen, T H; Stratton, P

1987-01-01

350

A twenty-year follow-up of canine leishmaniosis in three military kennels in southeastern France  

PubMed Central

Background Canine leishmaniosis (CanL) is enzootic in southeastern France, and military working dogs (MWD) posted in this area are highly exposed. To assess the efficiency of prevention, we performed a serological and clinical follow-up of 80 MWD in the Var and Corsica regions during the 20-year period from 1993 to 2012. The systematic and specific prevention of CanL using a deltamethrin-impregnated collar (DMC) was implemented in 2002. Findings Out of 80 dogs tested annually, the cumulative serological and clinical incidence was 42.5% (34/80) and 21.2% (17/80) respectively, during the first period, and these numbers decreased to 6.2% (5/80) and 2.5% (2/80) during the second period (p?

2013-01-01

351

Cost-effectiveness of the strong African American families-teen program: 1-year follow-up  

PubMed Central

Introduction Alcohol use poses a major threat to the health and well being of rural African American adolescents by negatively impacting academic performance, health, and safety. However, rigorous economic evaluations of prevention programs targeting this population are scarce. Methods Cost-effectiveness analyses were conducted of SAAF-T relative to an attention-control intervention (ACI), as part of a randomized prevention trial. Outcomes of interest were the number of alcohol use and binge drinking episodes prevented, one year following the intervention. Incremental cost-effectiveness ratios (ICERs) and cost-effectiveness acceptability curves (CEACs) were used to determine the cost-effectiveness of SAAF-T compared to the ACI intervention. Results For the 473 participating youth completing baseline and follow-up assessments, the incremental per participant costs were $168, while the incremental per participant effects were 3.39 episodes of alcohol use prevented and 1.36 episodes of binge drinking prevented. Compared to the ACI intervention, the SAAF-T program cost $50 per reduction in an alcohol use episode and $123 per reduced episode of binge drinking. For the CEACs, at thresholds of $100 and $440, SAAF-T has at least a 90% probability of being cost-effective, relative to the ACI, for reductions in alcohol use and binge drinking episodes, respectively. Conclusions The SAAF-T intervention provides a potentially cost-effective means for reducing the African American youths’ alcohol use and binge drinking episodes. PMID:23998376

Ingels, Justin B.; Corso, Phaedra S.; Kogan, Steve M.; Brody, Gene H.

2013-01-01

352

Outrunning major weight gain: a prospective study of 8,340consistent runners during 7 years of follow-up  

SciTech Connect

Background: Body weight increases with aging. Short-term,longitudinal exercise training studies suggest that increasing exerciseproduces acute weight loss, but it is not clear if the maintenance oflong-term, vigorous exercise attenuates age-related weight gain inproportion to the exercise dose. Methods: Prospective study of 6,119 maleand 2,221 female runners whose running distance changed less than 5 km/wkbetween their baseline and follow-up survey 7 years later. Results: Onaverage, men who ran modest (0-24 km/wk), intermediate (24-48 km/wk) orprolonged distances (>_48 km/wk) all gained weight throughage 64,however, those who ran ?48 km/wk had one-half the average annual weightgain of those who ran<24 km/wk. Age-related weight gain, and itsreduction by running, were both greater in younger than older men. Incontrast, men s gain in waist circumference with age, and its reductionby running, were the same in older and younger men. Women increased theirbody weight and waist and hip circumferences over time, regardless ofage, which was also reduced in proportion to running distance. In bothsexes, running did not attenuate weight gain uniformly, but ratherdisproportionately prevented more extreme increases. Conclusion: Men andwomen who remain vigorously active gain less weight as they age and thereduction is in proportion to the exercise dose.

Williams, Paul T.

2006-01-06

353

The influence of substance dependence and mood disorders on outcome from pathological gambling: five-year follow-up.  

PubMed

A prospective study of the role of comorbid substance abuse and dependence and mood disorders in the outcome from pathological gambling. A naturalistic sample of pathological gamblers who had recently quit gambling (N = 101) was followed and data were available for 83% of participants at 3 months, 80% at 12 months, and 52% at 5 years. Those participants with a drug diagnosis during their lifetime were less likely to have a minimum 3 month period of abstinence, and those who had been involved in gambling treatment were more likely to have a minimum 12 months of continuous abstinence. Lifetime gambling problem severity and involvement in gambling treatment were most commonly associated with a shorter time to achieving a period of abstinence of any length. Lifetime history of a mood disorder also predicted a longer time to reach a minimum 3 months of continuous abstinence. Both gambling treatment and an alcohol diagnosis follow up predicted an increase in the odds of experiencing a relapse from a minimum 6 month period of abstinence. Overall, comorbid mental health disorders are predictive of shorter term but not longer term outcome. PMID:19578984

Hodgins, David C; el-Guebaly, Nady

2010-03-01

354

Criterion validity of a competency-based assessment center in medical education – a 4-year follow-up study  

PubMed Central

Introduction Core competencies have progressively gained importance in medical education. In other contexts, especially personnel selection and development, assessment centers (ACs) are used to assess competencies, but there is only a limited number of studies on competency-based ACs in medical education. To the best of our knowledge, the present study provides the first data on the criterion-related validity of a competency-based AC in medical education. Methods We developed an AC tailored to measure core competencies relevant to medical education (social-ethical, communicative, self, and teaching) and tested its validity in n=30 first-year medical students using 3- to 4-year follow-up measures such as (a) objective structured clinical examinations (OSCE) on basic clinical skills (n=26), (b) OSCE on communication skills (n=21), and (c) peer feedback (n=18). The AC contained three elements: interview, group discussion, and role play. Additionally, a self-report questionnaire was provided as a basis for the interview. Results Baseline AC average score and teaching competency correlated moderately with the communication OSCE average score (r=0.41, p=0.03, and r=0.38, p=0.04, respectively). Social-ethical competency in the AC showed a very strong convergent association with the communication OSCE average score (r=0.60, p<0.01). The AC total score also showed a moderate correlation with the overall peer feedback score provided in Year 4 (r=0.38, p=0.06). In addition, communicative competency correlated strongly with the overall peer feedback (r=0.50, p=0.02). We found predominantly low and insignificant correlations between the AC and the OSCE on basic clinical skills (r=?0.33 to 0.30, all p's>0.05). Conclusion The results showed that competency-based ACs can be used at a very early stage of medical training to successfully predict future performance in core competencies. PMID:25219931

Rotthoff, Thomas; Ostapczuk, Martin S.; Kröncke, Klaus D.; Zimmerhofer, Alexander; Decking, Ulrich; Schneider, Matthias; Ritz-Timme, Stefanie

2014-01-01

355

Cutting Balloon Angioplasty of Bilateral Renal Artery Stenosis Due to Takayasu Arteritis in a 5-Year-Old Child with Midterm Follow-Up  

SciTech Connect

The aim of this report is to demonstrate the successful endovascular treatment of bilateral renal artery stenosis due to Takayasu arteritis by cutting balloon angioplasty in a 5-year-old child with mid-term follow-up.

Gumus, Burcak, E-mail: burcakgumus73@yahoo.com; Cevik, Halime [Baskent University Hospital, Department of Radiology (Turkey); Vuran, Can; Omay, Oguz [Baskent University Hospital, Department of Cardiovascular Surgery (Turkey); Kocyigit, Ozgen Ilgaz [Baskent University Hospital, Department of Anesthesiology (Turkey); Turkoz, Riza [Baskent University Hospital, Department of Cardiovascular Surgery (Turkey)

2010-04-15

356

Autism after Adolescence: Population-based 13- to 22-year Follow-up Study of 120 Individuals with Autism Diagnosed in Childhood  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: Prospective population-based follow-up study of 120 individuals with autism followed from childhood to adulthood. Methods: Individuals with autism, diagnosed in childhood, were followed prospectively for a period of 13–22 years and re-evaluated at ages 17–40 years. The instruments used at follow-up were the DISCO, WAIS-R, WISC-III, Vineland Adaptive Behavior Scales, psychiatric-medical examination and GAF-scale. A set of criteria was used for

Eva Billstedt; Carina Gillberg; Christopher Gillberg

2005-01-01

357

Successful Performance of the Bi-Metric Uncemented Femoral Stem at a Minimum Follow-Up of 13 Years in Young Patients  

Microsoft Academic Search

We report the mean 15.2 year follow-up results for a porous coated version of the Bi-Metric (Biomet UK Ltd, Bridgend, UK) uncemented femoral stem in young patients. Sixty-four hips were implanted into 54 patients (mean age, 54.3 years) and followed up using the Hospital for Special Surgery score and regular radiographs. The first 13 patients had a TTAP-ST acetabulum (Biomet

Howard Davies; Ben Ollivere; Joseph Motha; Matthew Porteous; Adrian August

2010-01-01

358

Camouflage effects following resin infiltration of postorthodontic white-spot lesions in vivo: One-year follow-up.  

PubMed

Abstract Objective: To assess camouflage effects by concealment of postorthodontic white-spot lesions (WSLs) to sound adjacent enamel (SAE) achieved over 12 months with resin infiltration (Icon, DMG, Hamburg, Germany). Methods: Twenty subjects (trial teeth nteeth ?=? 111) who had received resin infiltration treatment of noncavitated postorthodontic WSLs were contacted for a 1-year follow-up assessment of CIE-L*a*b* colors (T12). Color and lightness (CIE-L*a*b*) data for WSLs and SAE were compared to baseline data assessed before infiltration (T0) and those assessed after 6 months (T6), using a spectrophotometer. The target parameter was the difference between the summarized color and lightness values (?EWSL/SAE). Intergroup (WSL, SAE) and intertime comparisons (T0 vs T6, T12) were performed using paired t-tests at a significance level of ? ?=? 5%. Results: Nine subjects (trial teeth nteeth ?=? 49; male/female ratio 5/4; age range 13-19 years) were available at T12. After the highly significant reduction of ?EWSL/SAE discrepancies between T0 and T6, analysis of 12-month records revealed color and lightness discrepancy of WSL vs SAE that was significantly decreased compared with baseline, indicating an assimilation of WSL color to SAE appearance after infiltration, while an additional reduction of discrepancies between T6 and T12 was not significant. Conclusion: As color and lightness characteristics of the Icon infiltrant as well as the esthetic camouflage effects achieved by WSL infiltration were not altered significantly or clinically relevant after 12 months, the method of resin infiltration can be recommended for an enduring esthetic improvement of postorthodontic WSL. PMID:25126675

Eckstein, Amely; Helms, Hans-Joachim; Knösel, Michael

2014-08-15

359

Cost effectiveness of two rehabilitation programmes for neck and back pain patients: A seven year follow-up.  

PubMed

The cost effectiveness of work-oriented rehabilitation for persons on long-term sick leave needs to be assessed. This prospective observational study presents a follow-up seven years after rehabilitation using two different evidence-based work-oriented regimens. Individuals on sick leave for neck and back pain were referred to two rehabilitation programmes in Sweden. The first programme was a relatively low-intensity programme based on orthopaedic manual therapy and exercise programme (OMTP). The second programme was a full-time multidisciplinary programme (MDP). The primary outcome was sickness absence seven years after intervention. Cost effectiveness was calculated on the basis of loss of production due to sickness absence. The results show that participants referred to MDP and with less than 60 sick days before rehabilitation have reduced sickness absence after intervention as compared to matched controls. This corresponds to a cost reduction of about 94,494 EUR per referred individual. Further, the results indicate that participants of the OMTP who have more than 60 sick days before rehabilitation have a statistically significant increased risk of disability pension. This means increased cost in terms of loss of production of 44,593 EUR per referred individual. The results of this study show that MPD but not OMTP achieves the goal of working life-oriented rehabilitation. A direct comparison between the rehabilitation programmes strengthened the assumption that long-term sickness absence prior to rehabilitation is associated with more days on sick leave after rehabilitation. This analysis also indicated the importance of participants' pain self-efficacy beliefs and recovery beliefs on rehabilitation outcome. PMID:19217717

Jensen, I B; Busch, H; Bodin, L; Hagberg, J; Nygren, A; Bergström, G

2009-04-01

360

Multi-institutional 1-Year Bulbar Urethroplasty Outcomes Using a Standardized Prospective Cystoscopic Follow-up Protocol  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVE To evaluate multi-institutional outcomes of bulbar urethroplasty utilizing a standardized cystoscopic follow-up protocol. METHODS Eight reconstructive surgeons prospectively enrolled urethral stricture patients in a multi-institutional study and performed postoperative cystoscopy at 3 and 12 months. Anatomic failure was defined as the inability to pass a flexible cystoscope without force. Functional failure was defined as the need for a secondary procedure. Men not compliant with the 12-month cystoscopy were called and asked if any interval secondary procedures had been performed. Patients with bothersome voiding complaints at cystoscopy were considered symptomatic. RESULTS Of 213 men in study, 136 underwent excisional urethroplasty (excision and primary anastomosis [EPA]) and 77 underwent repair with buccal grafts. Cystoscopy compliance was 79.8% at 3 months and 54.4% at 12 months. Anatomic success rates were higher at 3 vs 12 months for EPA repairs (97.2% [106 of 109] vs 85.5% [65 of 76; P = .003] but not buccal repairs (85.5% [53 of 62] vs 77.5% [31 of 40]; P = .30). Functional success rates at a year were higher but statistically similar to anatomical success rates (EPA—90.3% [93 of 103]; P = .33; buccal—87% [47 of 54]; P = .22). Of the 20 anatomic recurrences, only 13 (65%) were symptomatic at the time of cystoscopic diagnosis. CONCLUSION Rates of success are lower when using the anatomic vs traditional definition. Of recurrences found by cystoscopy, only 65% were symptomatic. One-year patient cystoscopy compliance was poor and its ability to be used as the gold standard screening methodology for recurrence is questionable. PMID:24837453

Erickson, Bradley A.; Elliott, Sean P.; Voelzke, Bryan B.; Myers, Jeremy B.; Broghammer, Joshua A.; Smith, Thomas G.; McClung, Chris D.; Alsikafi, Nejd F.; Brant, William O.

2015-01-01

361

Natural course and predictors of spontaneous seizure remission in idiopathic generalized epilepsy: 7-27 years of follow-up.  

PubMed

The spontaneous course of idiopathic generalized epilepsy (IGE) is still controversial. The aim of this study was both to investigate the long-term spontaneous course and to identify factors that are predictive for epilepsy remission in a small cohort of 15 IGE patients (9 women) who refused antiepileptic drug (AED) treatment and therefore never have been treated with AED. All of them were reevaluated with a review of their medical records and direct face-to-face interview; the mean duration of follow-up was 15.3 years. Five (33.3%) of them had absence epilepsy (absence seizures, ABS), 5 had IGE with generalized tonic-clonic seizures (GTCS), and another 5 had both seizure types (IGE with ABS/GTCS). Rate of epilepsy remission was 53.3% with a mean time of seizure freedom of 13.1 years; rate of remission was highest among absence epilepsy patients (80%), followed by IGE with GTCS (60%) and IGE with ABS/GTCS (20%). The frequency of spontaneous generalized interictal epileptiform discharges in electroencephalography is not associated with the long-term seizure outcome (p=0.201) and per se does not require AED treatment. Furthermore, the occurrence of photoparoxysmal responses (p=0.020) as well as the occurrence of more than 3 GTCS during the course (p=0.029) were identified as significant predictors for a poor long-term seizure outcome which makes AED treatment indispensable in these patients. This study underlines the heterogenity of the group of IGE. AED treatment has no impact on the spontaneous course of IGE with ABS and/or GTCS. Several predictors for the long-term seizure outcome in patients with IGE were identified in this study. PMID:24907182

von Podewils, Felix; Lapp, Sabine; Wang, Z Irene; Hartmann, Ute; Herzer, Rosemarie; Kessler, Christof; Runge, Uwe

2014-09-01

362

Minimum 5-year Follow-up Results of Minimally Invasive Total Knee Arthroplasty Using Mini-Keel Modular Tibial Implant  

PubMed Central

Purpose To evaluate the minimum 5-year mid-term clinical and radiological results of minimally invasive surgery total knee arthroplasty (MIS-TKA) using a mini-keel modular tibia component. Materials and Methods We retrospectively evaluated 254 patients (361 cases) who underwent MIS-TKA between 2005 and 2006. The latest clinical and radiological assessments were done in 168 cases that had been followed on an outpatient basis for more than 5 postoperative years. Clinical results were assessed using the Hospital for Special Surgery (HSS) score and Knee Society score. Radiological evaluation included measurements of knee alignment. Results The average postoperative knee range of motion and HSS score were 134.3°±12.4° and 92.7°±7.0°, respectively. The average postoperative femorotibial angle and tibial component alignment angle were 5.2°±1.7° valgus and 90.2°±1.6°, respectively. The average tibial component posterior inclination was 4.8°±2.1°. The percentage of cases with tibial component alignment angle of 90°±3° was 96.1%, and that with the femorotibial angle of 6°±3° valgus was 94.0%. Radiolucent lines were observed in 20 cases (12.0%): around the femur, tibia, and patella in 14 cases, 10 cases, and 1 case, respectively. However, they were less than 2 mm and non-progressive in all cases. The survival rate was 99.4% and there was no implant-related revision. Conclusions MIS-TKA using a mini-keel modular tibial plate showed satisfactory results, a high survival rate, and excellent clinical and radiological results in the mid-term follow-up. PMID:25229044

Yoo, Ju-Hyung; Park, Byoung-Kyu; Han, Chang-Dong; Oh, Hyun-Cheol

2014-01-01

363

Oral contraceptive use and mortality after 36 years of follow-up in the Nurses’ Health Study: prospective cohort study  

PubMed Central

Objective To determine whether use of oral contraceptives is associated with all cause and cause specific mortality. Design Prospective cohort study. Setting Nurses’ Health Study, data collected between 1976 and 2012. Population 121?701 participants were prospectively followed for 36 years; lifetime oral contraceptive use was recorded biennially from 1976 to 1982. Main outcome measures Overall and cause specific mortality, assessed throughout follow-up until 2012. Cox proportional hazards models were used to calculate the relative risks of all cause and cause specific mortality associated with use of oral contraceptives. Results In our population of 121?577 women with information on oral contraceptive use, 63?626 were never users (52%) and 57?951 were ever users (48%). After 3.6 million person years, we recorded 31?286 deaths. No association was observed between ever use of oral contraceptives and all cause mortality. However, violent or accidental deaths were more common among ever users (hazard ratio 1.20, 95% confidence interval 1.04 to 1.37). Longer duration of use was more strongly associated with certain causes of death, including premature mortality due to breast cancer (test for trend P<0.0001) and decreased mortality rates of ovarian cancer (P=0.002). Longer time since last use was also associated with certain outcomes, including a positive association with violent or accidental deaths (P=0.005). Conclusions All cause mortality did not differ significantly between women who had ever used oral contraceptives and never users. Oral contraceptive use was associated with certain causes of death, including increased rates of violent or accidental death and deaths due to breast cancer, whereas deaths due to ovarian cancer were less common among women who used oral contraceptives. These results pertain to earlier oral contraceptive formulations with higher hormone doses rather than the now more commonly used third and fourth generation formulations with lower estrogen doses. PMID:25361731

Charlton, Brittany M; Rich-Edwards, Janet W; Colditz, Graham A; Missmer, Stacey A; Rosner, Bernard A; Hankinson, Susan E; Speizer, Frank E

2014-01-01

364

Better Survival of Total Knee Replacement in Patients Older Than 70 Years: A Prospective Study with 8 To 12 Years Follow-Up  

PubMed Central

Background: Modern knee designs have popularized its use in younger patients due to its better performance. There remains uncertainty whether higher demands of these patients can affect implant survivorship. Purpose: To assess whether modern knee designs have provided similar results in patients younger than 70 years versus older patients. Methods: We included 203 consecutive patients (236 knees) who underwent knee replacement for osteoarthritis with a mean follow-up of 11.4 years (range: 8.8 to 12). The mean age was 70 years (range: 31 to 85). Knee replacements were stratified into two groups: 109 were younger than 70 years and 127 were older than 70 years (70 years of age is the mandatory retirement age). Results: There were no significant pre-operative differences between groups with regards to knee alignment, alpha or beta angles, knee score or function score. Fourteen implants were radiographically loose at last follow up visit. Groups were matched in terms of demographic data. We found that patients older than 70 years had significantly better mean survivorship at 12 years. (97% vs. 88%; P=0.010). Patients under 70 years presented with a higher rate of polyethylene wear which was further associated with radiolucent lines in the femur and tibia as well as the presence of osteolysis. There was also an association between migration and presence of osteolysis. Conclusions: Patients over 70 years old undergoing cemented total knee replacement for osteoarthritis showed better implant survivorship versus patients under 70 years old. PMID:25692165

Fernandez-Fernandez, Ricardo; Rodriguez-Merchan, E. Carlos

2015-01-01

365

Two-year follow up study of stress-related disorders among immigrants to Israel from the Chernobyl area.  

PubMed Central

We report on findings from a 2-year follow-up study of immigrants originating from exposed areas around the site of the 1986 Chernobyl accident matched with comparison subjects emigrating from other republics in the Confederation of Independent States. In the initial study of 708 immigrants, the samples were matched by age, gender, and year of immigration. We assessed two exposure groups--high and low--by estimating levels of ground cesium contamination from the International Atomic Energy Agency maps. We reinterviewed 520 immigrants from the first wave of data collection (a reinterview rate of 73%), 87 from high-exposure areas, 217 from low-exposure areas, and 216 comparison subjects. This study examined the prevalence of symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorders (PTSD), depression, somatization, anxiety, and physical effects (high blood pressure, acute symptoms, and chronic illness). The results obtained in the first wave conducted 8 years after the accident showed that psychological symptoms were significantly higher in exposed respondents than in the comparison group. During the second wave (10 years after the accident) we observed a decline in the prevalence of PTSD and related distress except for somatization, which remained at the same level. An association between exposure and high blood pressure was observed in the first wave of data, but was not still significant in the second wave of data collection. The proportion of those who reported three or more chronic health problems was 48.3% among the high-exposure group, 49.3% in the low-exposure group, and 30.6% in the comparison group (p = 0.0003). The most commonly reported problems were heart disease. problems with vision or hearing, migraine headaches, problems with the lymphatic system, and arthritis. Based on the results, it was concluded that the Chernobyl accident was a powerful stressor, having a strong impact on both mental and physical health. Since all respondents were engaged in the process of acculturation and accommodation to a new country after emigration, it is encouraging that this study shows that levels of psychological distress are waning as the new immigrants are absorbed into Israeli society. However, there still remains some independent effect on health associated with the experience of the Chernobyl accident. PMID:9467080

Cwikel, J; Abdelgani, A; Goldsmith, J R; Quastel, M; Yevelson, I I

1997-01-01

366

Rates of Psychotropic Medication Use Reported by Borderline Patients and Axis II Comparison Subjects Over 16 Years of Prospective Follow-Up.  

PubMed

The purpose of this study was to assess the classes and types of psychotropic medication reported by borderline patients and axis II comparison subjects over 16 years of prospective follow-up. Medication use was assessed at baseline using a semistructured interview of proven reliability and validity as well as its follow-up analog at 8 contiguous 2-year follow-up periods. A significantly higher percentage of borderline patients than axis II comparison subjects reported taking an antidepressant, an anxiolytic, an antipsychotic, and a mood stabilizer over time. They also reported more commonly taking 7 of the 10 more specific types of medication studied (ie, all but tricyclic antidepressants, monoamine oxidase inhibitor antidepressants, and atypical antipsychotics). The rates over time of taking antipsychotics and mood stabilizers were stable, whereas there was a significant decline in the rates of antidepressants and anxiolytics from baseline to 8-year follow-up (but not from 8- to 16-year follow-up) reported by those in both study groups. In terms of specific medications, rates of atypical antidepressants and anticonvulsants were the most stable. In contrast, nonbenzodiazepine anxiolytics declined the most steadily over time, whereas rates of atypical antipsychotics increased significantly over the 16 years of prospective follow-up. Taken together, the results of this study suggest that a substantial percentage of borderline patients continue to use the major classes of medication over time. They also suggest that the declining rates of use tend to stabilize less than a decade after index admission. PMID:25384261

Zanarini, Mary C; Frankenburg, Frances R; Bradford Reich, D; Harned, Alayna L; Fitzmaurice, Garrett M

2015-02-01

367

Physical comorbidity and its relevance on mortality in schizophrenia: a naturalistic 12-year follow-up in general hospital admissions.  

PubMed

Schizophrenia is a major psychotic disorder with significant comorbidity and mortality. Patients with schizophrenia are said to suffer more type-2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and diabetogenic complications. However, there is little consistent evidence that comorbidity with physical diseases leads to excess mortality in schizophrenic patients. Consequently, we investigated whether the burden of physical comorbidity and its relevance on hospital mortality differed between patients with and without schizophrenia in a 12-year follow-up in general hospital admissions. During 1 January 2000 and 31 June 2012, 1418 adult patients with schizophrenia were admitted to three General Manchester NHS Hospitals. All comorbid diseases with a prevalemce ?1% were compared with those of 14,180 age- and gender-matched hospital controls. Risk factors, i.e. comorbid diseases that were predictors for general hospital mortality were identified using multivariate logistic regression analyses. Compared with controls, schizophrenic patients had a higher proportion of emergency admissions (69.8 vs. 43.0%), an extended average length of stay at index hospitalization (8.1 vs. 3.4 days), a higher number of hospital admissions (11.5 vs. 6.3), a shorter length of survival (1895 vs. 2161 days), and a nearly twofold increased mortality rate (18.0 vs. 9.7%). Schizophrenic patients suffered more depression, T2DM, alcohol abuse, asthma, COPD, and twenty-three more diseases, many of them diabetic-related complications or other environmentally influenced conditions. In contrast, hypertension, cataract, angina, and hyperlipidaemia were less prevalent in the schizophrenia population compared to the control population. In deceased schizophrenic patients, T2DM was the most frequently recorded comorbidity, contributing to 31.4% of hospital deaths (only 14.4% of schizophrenic patients with comorbid T2DM survived the study period). Further predictors of general hospital mortality in schizophrenia were found to be alcoholic liver disease (OR = 10.3), parkinsonism (OR = 5.0), T1DM (OR = 3.8), non-specific renal failure (OR = 3.5), ischaemic stroke (OR = 3.3), pneumonia (OR = 3.0), iron-deficiency anaemia (OR = 2.8), COPD (OR = 2.8), and bronchitis (OR = 2.6). There were no significant differences in their impact on hospital mortality compared to control subjects with the same diseases except parkinsonism which was associated with higher mortality in the schizophrenia population compared with the control population. The prevalence of parkinsonism was significantly elevated in the 255 deceased schizophrenic patients (5.5 %) than in those 1,163 surviving the study period (0.8 %, OR = 5.0) and deceased schizophrenic patients had significantly more suffered extrapyramidal symptoms than deceased control subjects (5.5 vs. 1.5 %). Therefore patients with schizophrenia have a higher burden of physical comorbidity that is associated with a worse outcome in a 12-year follow-up of mortality in general hospitals compared with hospital controls. However, schizophrenic patients die of the same physical diseases as their peers without schizophrenia. The most relevant physical risk factors of general hospital mortality are T2DM, COPD and infectious respiratory complications, iron-deficiency anaemia, T1DM, unspecific renal failure, ischaemic stroke, and alcoholic liver disease. Additionally, parkinsonism is a major risk factor for general hospital mortality in schizophrenia. Thus, optimal monitoring and management of acute T2DM and COPD with its infectious respiratory complications, as well as the accurate detection and management of iron-deficiency anaemia, of diabetic-related long-term micro- and macrovascular complications, of alcoholic liver disease, and of extrapyramidal symptoms are of utmost relevance in schizophrenia. PMID:23942824

Schoepf, Dieter; Uppal, Hardeep; Potluri, Rahul; Heun, Reinhard

2014-02-01

368

Impact of Hazardous Materials on Man and the Environment: A Summer Institute with Academic Year Follow-up.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report focuses on three 11-day summer institutes on "The Impact of Toxic and Hazardous Materials on Humans and the Environment" conducted for 90 secondary school science teachers over the course of three summers at Sonoma State University, California. These summer institutes were all followed up with in-service days during the following…

Kjeldsen, Chris K.

369

Primary School Sun Protection Policies and Practices 4 Years after Baseline--A Follow-Up Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Before the 2005 launch of the New Zealand SunSmart Schools Accreditation Programme (SSAP), 242 randomly sampled primary schools completed a mail survey about sun protection policies, practices, curriculum and environment. A 2009 follow-up included 189 (78%) and their mean Total Accreditation Score (TAS = total SSAP requirements met, range 0-12),…

Reeder, Anthony I.; Jopson, Janet A.; Gray, Andrew

2012-01-01

370

Revision and complication rates in 654 Exeter total hip replacements, with a maximum follow-up of 20 years  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Iceland's geographical isolation with a stable and small population gives a rare opportunity for follow-up studies of medical interventions. Total hip replacements (THR) have been done at FSA Central Hospital in Akureyri, Iceland since 1982 with the Exeter hip implant being in use from the beginning. METHODS: Hospital records for all patients operated on with THR between 1982 and

Jonas Franklin; Otto Robertsson; Julius Gestsson; L Stefan Lohmander; Thorvaldur Ingvarsson

2003-01-01

371

Follow up Study of Children 5-8 Years Using Child Protection Programmes in Australia and New Zealand.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A follow-up study examined two programs intended to prevent child sexual abuse: (1) Protective Behaviors (Australia), which develops assertiveness skills to empower children; and (2) Keeping Ourselves Safe (New Zealand), which uses "What if..." problem-solving exercises. Revealed the importance of providing a school-based program that is…

Briggs, Freda; Hawkins, Russell M. F.

1994-01-01

372

Construction work and risk of occupational disability: a ten year follow up of 14 474 male workers  

PubMed Central

Aims: Most industrialised countries have public income maintenance programmes to protect workers in case of disability but studies addressing disability risk of specific professional groups are rare. The objective of this study was to establish a detailed pattern of the nature and extent of occupational disability among construction workers. Methods: A cohort study was set up including 14 474 male workers from the construction industry in Württemberg (Germany) aged 25–64 years who underwent occupational health exams between 1986 and 1992. The cohort was linked to the regional pension register of the manual workers' pension insurance institution to identify workers who were granted a disability pension during the 10 year follow up. All-cause and cause specific standardised incidence ratios (SIR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) were calculated using disability rates from the general workforce and from all blue collar workers in Germany as references. Results: In total, 2247 (16%) members of the cohort were granted a disability pension. Major causes of disability were musculoskeletal (45%) and cardiovascular diseases (19%). In comparison with the general workforce, construction workers experienced a higher risk of disability from cancer (SIR = 1.26; 95% CI 1.08 to 1.47), respiratory diseases (SIR = 1.27; 95% CI 1.03 to 1.55), musculoskeletal diseases (SIR = 2.16; 95% CI 2.03 to 2.30), injuries/poisoning (SIR = 2.52; 95% CI 2.06 to 3.05), and all causes combined (SIR = 1.47; 95% CI 1.41 to 1.53). When compared with the blue collar reference group, increased risks of disability among construction workers were found for musculoskeletal diseases (SIR = 1.53; 95% CI 1.44 to 1.63), injury/poisoning (SIR = 1.83; 95% CI 1.50 to 2.21), and all causes combined (SIR = 1.11; 95% CI 1.07 to 1.16). Conclusions: Musculoskeletal diseases and external causes are major factors limiting the work capability of construction workers and lead to an increased proportion of occupational disability. PMID:16046609

Arndt, V; Rothenbacher, D; Daniel, U; Zschenderlein, B; Schuberth, S; Brenner, H

2005-01-01

373

Myopic Shift and Outdoor Activity among Primary School Children: One-Year Follow-Up Study in Beijing  

PubMed Central

Purpose To assess whether a change in myopia related oculometric parameters of primary school children in Beijing was associated with indoors and outdoors activity. Methods The longitudinal school-based study included school children who were examined in 2011 and who were re-examined in 2012. The children underwent a comprehensive eye examination including ocular biometry by optical low-coherence reflectometry and non-cycloplegic refractometry. Parents and children had a detailed interview including questions on time spent indoors and outdoors. Results Out of 681 students examined at baseline, 643 (94.4%) returned for follow-up examination. Within the one-year period, mean time spent daily outdoors increased by 0.4±0.9 hours, mean axial length by 0.26±0.49 mm, the ratio of axial length divided by anterior corneal curvature (AL/CC) by 0.03±0.06, and myopic refractive error by ?0.06±0.89 diopters. In multivariate analysis, elongation of axial length was significantly associated with less total time spent outdoors (P?=?0.02; standardized coefficient beta ?0.12) and more time spent indoors with studying (P?=?0.007; beta: 0.14) after adjustment for maternal myopia (P?=?0.02; beta: 0.12). An increase in AL/CC was significantly associated with less time spent outdoors (P?=?0.01; beta:?0.12) after adjustment for paternal myopia (P?=?0.003; beta: 0.15) and if region of habitation was excludedors for leisure (P?=?0.006; beta:?0.13), with less total time spent outdoors (P?=?0.04; beta:?0.10), or with more time spent i. An increase in myopic refractive error, after adjustment for age, was significantly associated with less time spent outdo ndoors with studying (P?=?0.005; beta: 0.13). Conclusions A change in oculometric parameters indicating an increase in myopia was significantly associated with less time spent outdoors and more time spent indoors in school children in Greater Beijing within a study period of one year. Our study provides additional information on the potentially helpful role of outdoors activity in the prevention of myopia. Public health care measures such as school agendas may potentially take it into account. PMID:24086484

Guo, Yin; Liu, Li Juan; Xu, Liang; Tang, Ping; Lv, Yan Yun; Feng, Yi; Meng, Meng; Jonas, Jost B.

2013-01-01

374

Three-year follow-up results for non-surgical root canal therapy of idiopathic external root resorption on a maxillary canine with MTA: a case report  

PubMed Central

External root resorption (ERR) is an uncommon and intractable disease. Treatment alternatives are case-dependant and aim for the repair of the resorptive lesion and long-term retention of the tooth. A forty-year-old Asian female was diagnosed with idiopathic ERR on tooth #11 (the left maxillary canine) by CBCT. Non-surgical root canal therapy was completed with the aid of an operating microscope. The apical third of the root canal was filled with warm gutta-percha and the resorption defect was filled with mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA). The periapical radiographs were taken immediately after operation, one-month follow-up, six-month follow-up and three-year follow-up, respectively. Clinically, the canine was asymptomatic, and no evidence of any further resorption was found. The six-month follow-up radiograph showed initial healing of the bony lesion, while the three-year follow-up radiograph manifested almost complete healing. MTA can be a superior material to be successfully used in the non-surgical treatment of ERR. CBCT is very useful for evaluating the true nature and severity of absorption lesions in root resorption. It is the first complete case report from China about non-surgical treatment of severe ERR along with a relatively long term follow-up. PMID:25031758

Huang, Zheng; Chen, Li-Li; Wang, Cong-Yi; Dai, Lin; Cheng, Bo; Sun, Jun; Sun, Jun

2014-01-01

375

The challenge of a 2-year follow-up after intervention for weight loss in primary care  

PubMed Central

Background: Many weight loss programmes show short-term success, but long-term data in larger studies are scarce, especially in community settings. Attrition is common and complicates the interpretation of long-term outcomes. Objective: To investigate 2-year outcomes and explore issues of attrition and missing data. Subjects: A total of 772 overweight and obese adults recruited by primary care practices in Australia, Germany and the UK and randomised to a 12-month weight loss intervention delivered in a commercial programme (CP) or in standard care (SC). Measurement: Weight change from 0–24 and 12–24 months including measured weights only and measured and self-reported weights, using last observation carried forward (LOCF), baseline observation carried forward (BOCF), completers-only and missing-at-random (MAR) analyses. Results: A total of 203 participants completed the 24-month visit. Using measured weights only, there was a trend for greater 24-month weight loss in CP than in SC, but the difference was only statistically significant in the LOCF and BOCF analyses: LOCF: ?4.14 vs ?1.99?kg, difference adjusted for centre ?2.08?kg, P<0.001; BOCF: ?1.33 vs ?0.74?kg, adjusted difference ?0.60?kg, P=0.032; completers: ?4.76 vs ?2.99?kg, adjusted difference ?1.53?kg, P=0.113; missing at random: ?3.00 vs ?1.94?kg, adjusted difference ?1.04?kg, P=0.150. Both groups gained weight from 12–24 months and weight regain was significantly (P<0.001) greater for CP than for SC in all analysis approaches. Inclusion of self-reported weights from a further 138 participants did not change the interpretation of the findings. Conclusion: Initial weight loss was poorly maintained during the no-intervention follow-up, but both groups did have lower weight over the 24 months. Attrition was high in both groups, and assumptions about missing data had considerable impact on the magnitude and statistical significance of treatment effects. It is vital that trials on weight loss interventions consider the plausibility of these differences in an analytical approach when interpreting research findings and comparing data between studies. PMID:24030517

Holzapfel, C; Cresswell, L; Ahern, A L; Fuller, N R; Eberhard, M; Stoll, J; Mander, A P; Jebb, S A; Caterson, I D; Hauner, H

2014-01-01

376

Persistent organic pollutants are related to the change in circulating lipid levels during a 5 year follow-up.  

PubMed

When reporting circulating levels of persistent organic pollutants (POPs), usually lipid-normalized values are given. However, animal experiments and some human data indicate that exposure to POPs may change lipid values. The aim of the present study is to investigate if POP levels can predict future changes in levels of circulating lipids. In the population-based Prospective Investigation of the Vasculature in Uppsala Seniors (PIVUS) study, lipids were measured at age 70 and at age 75 in 598 subjects without lipid-lowering medication. Twenty-three different POPs, including 16 polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), five organochlorine pesticides, one dioxin (OCDD) and one flame retardant brominated compound (BDE47) were analyzed by high-resolution chromatography coupled to high-resolution mass spectrometry (HRGC/HRMS) at age 70. Strong relationships were seen among the baseline levels of the non-dioxin-like PCBs 194, 206 and 209 and the degree of increase in total serum cholesterol and LDL-cholesterol during the 5 year follow-up. These relationships were generally stronger when lipid-normalized levels were used compared to wet-weight based levels. On the contrary, for two of the pesticides, hexachlorobenzene and trans-nonachlordane, levels were inversely related to the change in LDL-cholesterol, with strongest associations found using wet-weight based levels. PCBs 194, 206 and 209 were inversely related to the change in HDL-cholesterol, in particular for wet-weight based levels. However, these relationships were only significant for wet-weight PCB 194 following adjustment for multiple testing. None of the POPs was related to the change in serum triglycerides. When investigating the association between the change in total serum cholesterol and LDL-cholesterol across different categories of change in BMI, we noted robust results especially in the group with stable BMI, suggesting that the observed relationships were not due to fluctuations in BMI over time. In conclusion, POPs are related to the change in lipids over time, especially LDL-cholesterol. This may explain why POP exposure previously has been linked to atherosclerosis and cardiovascular disease. PMID:25173051

Penell, Johanna; Lind, Lars; Salihovic, Samira; van Bavel, Bert; Lind, P Monica

2014-10-01

377

Successful Treatment with a Covered Stent and 6-Year Follow-Up of Biliary Complication After Liver Transplantation  

SciTech Connect

The role of covered stent in the management of biliary complications is not yet defined in liver transplant recipients. This Case Report presents a patient with anastomotic stricture and leakage with biloma treated with a covered stent 32 months following liver transplantation. Signs of in-stent restenosis developed 52 months following covered stent placement, which was resolved by balloon dilation. There were no complications during the interventions. The latest follow-up, at 69 months following primary and 19 months following secondary percutaneous intervention, shows a patent covered stent without any clinical or morphological sign of further restenosis. The clinical success with long-term follow-up data suggests that covered stent implantation can be a rational, minimally invasive option for simultaneous treatment of bile duct stenosis and bile leak following liver transplantation in selected cases.

Doros, Attila, E-mail: dorattila@yahoo.com; Nemeth, Andrea; Deak, Akos Pal; Hartmann, Erika; Gerlei, Zsuzsa; Fazakas, Janos; Kobori, Laszlo [Semmelweis University, Department of Transplantation and Surgery (Hungary)

2010-04-15

378

Early Risk Factors for Depressive Symptoms among Korean Adolescents: A 6-to-8 Year Follow-up Study  

PubMed Central

Depression during adolescence is critical to the individual's own development. Hence, identifying individuals with high-risk depression at an early stage is necessary. This study aimed to identify childhood emotional and behavioral risk factors related to depressive symptoms in Korean adolescents through a longitudinal study. The first survey took place from 1998 to 2000, and a follow-up assessment conducted in 2006, as the original participants reached 13-15 yr of age. The first assessment used the Korean version of Child Behavior Checklist and a general questionnaire on family structure, parental education, and economic status to evaluate the participants. The follow-up assessment administered the Korean Children's Depression Inventory. Multiple regression analysis revealed that childhood attention problems predicted depressive symptoms during adolescence for both boys and girls. For boys, family structure also predicted adolescent depressive symptoms. This study suggests that adolescents with attention problems during childhood are more likely to experience depressive symptoms. PMID:24265533

Shin, Kyoung Min; Shin, Yun Mi; Park, Kyung Soon

2013-01-01

379

Partial trapeziectomy and pyrocarbon interpositional arthroplasty for trapeziometacarpal joint osteoarthritis: results after minimum 2 years of follow-up.  

PubMed

A prospective study was undertaken to assess the outcomes of a series of patients treated using pyrocarbon implant arthroplasty after partial trapeziectomy for trapeziometacarpal joint osteoarthritis. We analysed the results of this procedure in 27 trapeziometacarpal joints of 25 patients. The mean follow-up interval was 34 months (range 26-52). The study showed that pyrocarbon interpositional arthroplasty provided excellent pain relief and high patient satisfaction. Overall function, according to disabilities of the arm, shoulder and hand (DASH) score, improved from 48 points preoperatively to 14 points at the last follow-up assessment. Key pinch strength recorded in the operated hands was comparable with the results obtained in the contralateral hand and in healthy individuals from the same population. No further operations were performed in the study group. Partial trapeziectomy with pyrocarbon arthroplasty may prove to be a successful option for the treatment of trapeziometacarpal joint osteoarthritis. Further long-term comparative studies are warranted. PMID:24509425

Mariconda, M; Russo, S; Smeraglia, F; Busco, G

2014-02-01

380

Lung function, smoking and mortality in a 26-year follow-up of healthy middle-aged males  

Microsoft Academic Search

Lung function has been associated with mortality after adjusting for other risk factors; however, few studies have adjusted for physical fitness and reported separate analyses according to smoking status. In 1972-1975, spirometry, clinical and physiological parameters were recorded in 1,623 apparently healthy males aged 40-59 yrs. After 26 yrs of follow-up, the current authors investigated the association between baseline lung

K. Stavem; E. Aaser; L. Sandvik; J. V. Bjørnholt; G. Erikssen; E. Thaulow; J. Erikssen

2005-01-01

381

A Fifty Year Mortality Follow-up Study of Veterans Exposed to Low Level Chemical Warfare Agent, Mustard Gas  

Microsoft Academic Search

PURPOSE: To determine if there is an increased risk of any cause specific mortality associated with low level mustard gas exposure among World War II Navy veterans.METHODS: A retrospective mortality follow-up study was conducted comparing the mortality of World War II Navy veterans who received low-level non-lethal exposures of mustard gas to that of World War II Navy veterans who

Tim Bullman; Han Kang

2000-01-01

382

Childhood Peer Status and Adult Susceptibility to Anxiety and Depression. A 30-Year Hospital Follow-Up  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the extent to which sixth grade peer status could predict anxiety and/or depression in 5,242 women and 5,004 men who were born in 1953 and whose hospital records were followed up from 1973-2003. The data used was the Stockholm Birth Cohort Study. While no association could be established for men, results indicated that women…

Modin, Bitte; Ostberg, Viveca; Almquist, Ylva

2011-01-01

383

The natural history of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease in children: a follow-up study for up to 20 years  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objectives:The long-term prognosis of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) in children remains uncertain. We aimed at determining the long-term outcomes and survival of children with NAFLD.Design:Retrospective longitudinal hospital-based cohort study.Patients:Sixty-six children with NAFLD (mean age 13.9 (SD 3.9) years) were followed up for up to 20 years with a total of 409.6 person-years of follow-up.Results:The metabolic syndrome was present in

A E Feldstein; P Charatcharoenwitthaya; S Treeprasertsuk; J T Benson; F B Enders; P Angulo

2009-01-01

384

Natural course of bone marrow oedema on magnetic resonance imaging of the sacroiliac joints in patients with early inflammatory back pain: a 2-year follow-up study.  

PubMed

Objectives: To describe the distribution and evolution over time of bone marrow oedema (BME) on magnetic resonance imaging of the sacroiliac joint (MRI-SIJ) in patients with recent-onset inflammatory back pain (IBP) suspected for axial spondyloarthritis (axSpA). Method: A 2-year follow-up study with annual MRI-SIJ was conducted in patients with IBP of duration ? 2 years. Each SIJ was divided into quadrants and MRI scores were analysed on a per-patient and per-SIJ quadrant basis. The presence of BME in each SIJ quadrant was recorded. Fulfilment of the Assessment of SpondyloArthritis international Society (ASAS) criteria for axSpA was assessed at baseline and at follow-up. Results: At baseline, 68 patients (38% male; mean age 34.9 ± 10.3 years) were included. BME was visible at baseline in 24 (35%) patients, all fulfilling the ASAS axSpA criteria. Twenty-three of these 24 patients had a follow-up MRI. Not taking into account the baseline MRI, three (13%) of these 23 patients would no longer fulfil the ASAS criteria during follow-up because of subsiding BME. Forty-four (65%) patients had a negative baseline MRI, of whom 39 had a follow-up MRI available. New BME at follow-up meant that three (8%) of these 39 patients now fulfilled the ASAS criteria. At follow-up, baseline BME lesions subsided completely in 47% of SIJ quadrants (range 33-71%) whereas new BME lesions were detected in 8% of SIJ quadrants (range 2-11%). Conclusions: BME shows a fluctuating course in patients with early IBP suspected for axSpA. This may have an impact on diagnosis and the overall performance of the ASAS axSpA criteria. PMID:25222204

van Onna, M; van Tubergen, A; Jurik, Ag; van der Heijde, D; Landewé, R

2014-09-15

385

One-Year Follow-Up of Family versus Child CBT for Anxiety Disorders: Exploring the Roles of Child Age and Parental Intrusiveness  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: To compare the relative long-term benefit of family-focused cognitive behavioral therapy (FCBT) and child-focused cognitive behavioral therapy (CCBT) for child anxiety disorders at a 1-year follow-up. Method: Thirty-five children (6-13 years old) randomly assigned to 12-16 sessions of family-focused CBT (FCBT) or child-focused CBT…

Wood, Jeffrey J.; McLeod, Bryce D.; Piacentini, John C.; Sigman, Marian

2009-01-01

386

One Year Follow-Up to Modular Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for the Treatment of Pediatric Anxiety Disorders in an Elementary School Setting  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The current study sought to evaluate the relative long-term efficacy of a modularized cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) program for children with anxiety disorders. Twenty four children (5-12 years old) randomly assigned to modular CBT or a 3-month waitlist participated in a 1-year follow-up assessment. Independent evaluators blind to treatment…

Galla, Brian M.; Wood, Jeffrey J.; Chiu, Angela W.; Langer, David A.; Jacobs, Jeffrey; Ifekwunigwe, Muriel; Larkins, Clare

2012-01-01

387

Five-Six-Year Follow-Up of Broad-Spectrum Behavioral Treatment for Alcoholism: Effects of Training Controlled Drinking Skills.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examined the long-term outcome of broad-spectrum behavioral treatment for alcoholism and the relative effects of training controlled drinking skills. Showed no significant difference between groups on any dependent measure at the 5-6 year follow-up point. Analyzes the stability of drinking patterns and presents predictors of outcome at 5-6 years.…

Rychtarik, Robert G.; And Others

1987-01-01

388

Long-term oxygen therapy and quality of life in elderly patients hospitalised due to severe exacerbation of COPD. A 1 year follow-up study.  

PubMed

The aim of this study was (1) to evaluate the effects of long-term oxygen treatment (LTOT) in elderly patients with severe exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and hypoxaemia, (2) to study the health-related quality of life (QOL) during hospital stay and at follow-up, (3) to study the safety of an oxygen withdrawal test performed a few days after admission to hospital and the possibility to predict the future need for LTOT from that test. Patients > 70 years with COPD-exacerbations with hypoxaemia were included after 5-7 days treatment in hospital. Inclusion was based on results of a standardised oxygen withdrawal test. After 1, 3, 6 and 12 months a new oxygen withdrawal test was performed. Health-related QOL was evaluated with SF-36 and the St George's Respiratory Questionnaire at inclusion and after 3,6 and 12 months. Forty-seven patients were screened for participation and 29 patients, mean age 79 years, participated in the study. Only one patient could not tolerate the oxygen withdrawal test. Eighteen patients survived to the follow-up after 12 months, 8/19 women and 2/10 men died. After 1 month LTOTwas needed (PaO2 without oxygen was < or = 75 k Pa) in only 6/20 patients. The effect of LTOT could therefore not be studied. Most components of SF-36 were very low at inclusion, but tended to increase after 3 months and were among the surviving patients after 12 months similar to that of healthy people of the same age for psychic well being and functioning. Especially, the symptom score of the SGRQ improved after 3 months. In conclusion, the future need for LTOT cannot be judged after a few days treatment in hospital due to exacerbations with hypoxaemia in elderly patients with COPD. A standardised oxygen withdrawal test can be safely done. Health-related QOL is low in patients during the stay in hospital, but improves after returning home. PMID:12418593

Andersson, Ingalill; Johansson, Kerstin; Larsson, Sven; Pehrsson, Kerstin

2002-11-01

389

One-year clinical and parasitological follow-up of dogs treated with marbofloxacin for canine leishmaniosis.  

PubMed

The purpose of this international, multicentric, and non-comparative field trial was to obtain complementary data on long-term clinical and parasitological follow-up of dogs treated with marbofloxacin for canine leishmaniosis (CanL). Seventy-four dogs with clinical signs of CanL and without severe renal failure were recruited in France, Spain and Italy, and 61 of them were part of the analysis. Each dog was treated with palatable tablets of marbofloxacin at 2 mg/kg once a day for 28 days. A clinical and parasitological follow-up was performed regularly up to 12 months. Efficacy was demonstrated in 42 dogs (68.9%), within 51 days (mean value), 10 of them (23.8%) being clinically cured after 3 months. A decrease of 61% in the sum of clinical scores was observed after 3 months. Haemato-biochemical parameters improved in general, supporting the observed clinical efficacy. Relapse was observed in 20/38 dogs (52.6%) approximately 5.5 months after treatment completion. The blood parasite load generally developed in conformity with the clinical outcome, even if exceptions were not rare. Lymph nodes remained positive by culture or PCR for a long time, even in dogs for which a good clinical response was observed. Despite the incomplete parasite clearance, as is also the case with other anti-leishmanial drugs, these results nevertheless confirm the relevance of marbofloxacin as a CanL treatment. PMID:22130335

Rougier, Sandrine; Hasseine, Lilia; Delaunay, Pascal; Michel, Grégory; Marty, Pierre

2012-05-25

390

Three-year follow-up of a randomised clinical trial of intravenous versus oral iron for anaemia in pregnancy  

PubMed Central

Background To date, there are no data available concerning the impact of iron therapy on the long-term well-being and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in pregnancy. Objective To assess the long-term effect of iron therapy on HRQoL in pregnancy. Design This is a follow-up study conducted between January 2010 and January 2011 of an earlier randomised open-label clinical trial of intravenous and oral iron versus oral iron for pregnancy-related iron deficiency anaemia. We used a modified version of the SF-36 questionnaire together with the original prospective HRQoL data collected during and after pregnancy. Participants and interventions Of the original evaluable 183 pregnant Caucasian women randomised to receive oral iron or a single intravenous iron polymaltose infusion followed by oral iron maintenance, 126 women completed the follow-up HRQoL study. Methods The participants were followed up 4?weeks after treatment, predelivery and postdelivery for a median period of 32?months (range, 26–42) with a well-being and HRQoL questionnaire using a modified SF-36 QoL-survey and child growth charts as set by the Australasian Paediatric Endocrine Group (APEG). Results Patients who received intravenous iron demonstrated significantly higher haemoglobin and serum ferritin levels (p<0.001). There were strong associations between iron status and a number of the HRQoL parameters, with improved general health (p<0.001), improved vitality (physical energy) (p<0.001), less psychological downheartedness (p=0.005), less clinical depression (p=0.003) and overall improved mental health (p<0.001). The duration of breastfeeding was longer (p=0.046) in the intravenous iron group. The babies born in both groups recorded similarly on APEG growth chart assessments. Conclusions Our data suggest that HRQoL is improved until after pregnancy in anaemic pregnant women by repletion of their iron stores during pregnancy. About 80% of the intravenous iron group showed a maintained normal ferritin until delivery with long-term benefits. Further studies to confirm these findings are warranted. PMID:23087011

Khalafallah, Alhossain A; Dennis, Amanda E; Ogden, Kath; Robertson, Iain; Charlton, Ruth H; Bellette, Jackie M; Shady, Jessica L; Blesingk, Nep; Ball, Madeleine

2012-01-01

391

One year follow up of macular translocation with 360 degree retinotomy in patients with age related macular degeneration  

PubMed Central

Aim: To evaluate the benefits of macular translocation with 360 degree retinotomy in patients with exudative age related macular degeneration (ARMD). Methods: A consecutive interventional case series was performed on patients who underwent macular translocation between June 1997 and January 2000 at the department of ophthalmology, University of Aachen, Germany. A retrospective pilot study was set up with a minimum follow up of 12 months in 39 consecutive patients with subfoveal choroidal neovascularisation secondary to ARMD. The surgical technique included pars plana vitrectomy, induction of retinal detachment, 360 degree retinotomy, removal of the choroidal neovascular membranes (CNVM), macular translocation, peripheral laser retinopexy, and silicone oil endotamponade. Results: 18 patients showed predominantly occult CNVM, six patients had predominantly classic CNVM, and 15 showed subretinal haemorrhage. At the 12 month follow up 13 patients (33%) showed an improvement in visual acuity of more than three lines (logMAR scale), 18 patients (46%) retained stable visual acuity with a change of equal or less than three lines (logMAR scale), and eight patients (21%) showed a decrease in visual acuity of more than three lines (logMAR scale). Recurrence of CNVM was observed in three (8%) eyes at 5–11 months postoperatively. Other complications included proliferative vitreoretinopathy with retinal detachment (n=10), peripheral epiretinal membranes (n=9), macular pucker (n=2), corneal decompensation (n=2), and hypotony (n=11). 18 patients (46%) complained about persistent diplopia. Conclusion: Macular translocation surgery is able to maintain or improve distant vision in the majority of patients with exudative ARMD. Proliferative vitreoretinopathy and diplopia are the two major complications. A prospective randomised controlled trial comparing macular translocation with observation for patients with the occult form of exudative ARMD may be justified. PMID:12714406

Abdel-Meguid, A; Lappas, A; Hartmann, K; Auer, F; Schrage, N; Thumann, G; Kirchhof, B

2003-01-01

392

Fish oil, selenium, and mercury in relation to incidence of hypertension: a 20-year follow-up study  

PubMed Central

Objectives Long-chain omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (LC?3PUFAs), selenium (Se) and mercury (Hg) are three important components in fish. The cardioprotective effect of LC?3PUFA intake has been recognized; however, the hypothesis that this benefit may be greatest with high Se and low Hg levels has not been investigated. Design A cohort of 4,508 American adults aged 18–30, without hypertension at baseline in 1985, were enrolled. Six follow-ups were conducted at exams in 1987, 1990, 1992, 1995, 2000 and 2005. Diet was assessed by a validated interviewer-administered quantitative food frequency questionnaire at exams in 1985, 1992 and 2005. Incident hypertension was defined as first occurrence at any follow-up examination of systolic blood pressure ? 140 mmHg, diastolic blood pressure ? 90 mmHg, or taking anti-hypertensive medication. Toenail clippings were collected in 1987, and Se and Hg levels were quantified by instrumental neutron-activation analysis. Result Participants in the highest LC?3PUFAintake quartile had a significantly lower incidence of hypertension (Hazard Ratio: 0.65; 95% CI: 0.53–0.79; Ptrend<0.01) compared to those in the lowest quartile after adjustment for potential confounders. Docosahexaenoic acid showed a greater inverse association than eicosapentaenoic acid. The inverse association of LC?3PUFA intake with hypertension appeared more pronounced at higher Se and lower Hg levels, although interaction tests were statistically non-significant. Conclusions Out findings indicated that LC?3PUFA intake was inversely associated with incidence of hypertension. The prior hypothesis that the potential anti-hypertensive effect of LC?3PUFA intake varies depending on joint levels of Se and Hg received modest support, and cannot be ruled out. PMID:21205024

Xun, Pengcheng; Hou, Ningqi; Daviglus, Martha; Liu, Kiang; Morris, J. Steven; Shikany, James M.; Sidney, Stephen; Jacobs, David R.; He, Ka

2010-01-01

393

Treatment of multiple traumatized anterior teeth associated with an alveolar bone fracture in a 15-year-old school boy: a 2.5-year follow up.  

PubMed

We report a case of multiple dental traumas in a 15-year-old school boy who was hit by a stone. Clinical examinations revealed the avulsion of teeth 21, 22, and 23, an uncomplicated crown fracture of tooth 41, and a complicated crown fracture (CCF) of teeth 11, 31, and 33. An alveolar bone fracture and a root fracture in the apical third of tooth 23 were as well noted on radiographs. The avulsed teeth were replanted and rigidly splinted after an extraoral dry time of 90 min. Endodontic treatments were performed on teeth with CCFs. The dental morphology was restored using polyethylene fiber-reinforced composite resin. Endodontic obturations were performed on replanted teeth after the arrest of external root resorptions by a long-term calcium hydroxide dressing. Esthetics and function were recovered with a 2.5-year follow-up period. PMID:21281442

Berrezouga, L; Kammoun, D; Bhouri, L; Alaya, Ben T; Belkhir, M S

2011-04-01

394

Efficacy Trial of a Brief Cognitive-Behavioral Depression Prevention Program for High-Risk Adolescents: Effects at 1- and 2-Year Follow-Up  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: To evaluate the effects of a brief group cognitive-behavioral (CB) depression prevention program for high-risk adolescents with elevated depressive symptoms at 1- and 2-year follow-up. Method: In this indicated prevention trial, 341 at-risk youths were randomized to a group CB intervention, group supportive expressive intervention, CB…

Stice, Eric; Rohde, Paul; Gau, Jeff M.; Wade, Emily

2010-01-01

395

A Randomised Controlled Treatment Trial of Two Forms of Family Therapy in Adolescent Anorexia Nervosa: A Five-Year Follow-Up  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: There is growing evidence that family therapy is an effective treatment for adolescent anorexia nervosa. This study aimed to ascertain the long-term impact of two forms of outpatient family intervention previously evaluated in a randomised controlled trial (RCT). Method: A five-year follow-up was conducted on a cohort of 40 patients…

Eisler, Ivan; Simic, Mima; Russell, Gerald F. M.; Dare, Christopher

2007-01-01

396

A Six-Year Follow-Up Study of Social Network Changes among African-American, Caribbean, and U.S.-Born Caucasian Urban Older Adults  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study explores dynamic changes in network size and composition by examining patterns of older adults' social network change over time, that is: types of movements; the reason for the loss of network members; and the relation of movement and composition in concert. This study is a 6-year follow up of changes in the social networks of U.S.-Born…

Conway, Francine; Magai, Carol; Jones, Samuel; Fiori, Katherine; Gillespie, Michael

2013-01-01

397

Development of children with autism spectrum disorders in special needs education schools in the Netherlands: a three-year follow-up study  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of the study was to investigate the development of symptomatology and academic growth of children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) attending a special needs education school in the Netherlands as well as to explore the relationship between academic achievement and symptom reduction of those children. To this end a three-year follow up study was conducted by using multiple

Eirini Manti; Evert M. Scholte; Ina A. Van Berckelaer-Onnes

2011-01-01

398

Continuity, Comorbidity and Longitudinal Associations between Depression and Antisocial Behaviour in Middle Adolescence: A 2-Year Prospective Follow-Up Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study investigated continuity, comorbidity and longitudinal associations between depression Beck depression inventory (RBDI) and antisocial behaviour Youth self-report (YSR) in middle adolescence. Data were used from a community sample of 2070 adolescents who participated in a 2-year prospective follow-up study. The results indicate that both…

Ritakallio, Minna; Koivisto, Anna-Maija; von der Pahlen, Bettina; Pelkonen, Mirjami; Marttunen, Mauri; Kaltiala-Heino, Riittakerttu

2008-01-01

399

EFFECTS OF LOW TO MODERATE LEAD EXPOSURE ON SLOW CORTICAL POTENTIALS IN YOUNG CHILDREN: TWO YEAR FOLLOW-UP STUDY (JOURNAL VERSION)  

EPA Science Inventory

A follow-up study of slow cortical potentials in children with elevated blood lead (PbB) histories was conducted two years after initial evaluation. An age x PbB interaction was again observed wherein slow wave (SW) voltage varied as a linear function of PbB with the slope of the...

400

Alcohol consumption and mortality from all causes, coronary heart disease, and stroke: results from a prospective cohort study of Scottish men with 21 years of follow up  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objectives To relate alcohol consumption to mortality. Design Prospective cohort study. Setting 27 workplaces in the west of Scotland. Participants 5766 men aged 35›64 when screened in 1970›3 who answered questions on their usual weekly alcohol consumption. Main outcome measures Mortality from all causes, coronary heart disease, stroke, and alcohol related causes over 21 years of follow up related to

Carole L Hart; George Davey Smith; David J Hole; Victor M Hawthorne; George Davey

1999-01-01

401

Efficacy Trial of a Selective Prevention Program Targeting Both Eating Disorders and Obesity among Female College Students: 1- and 2-Year Follow-Up Effects  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: Evaluate the effects of a prevention program targeting both eating disorders and obesity at 1- and 2-year follow-ups. Method: Female college students at risk for these outcomes because of body image concerns (N = 398) were randomized to the "Healthy Weight 2" group-based 4-hr prevention program, which promotes lasting healthy…

Stice, Eric; Rohde, Paul; Shaw, Heather; Marti, C. Nathan

2013-01-01

402

Bidirectional Relations between Parenting Practices and Child Externalizing Behavior: A Cross-Lagged Panel Analysis in the Context of a Psychosocial Treatment and 3-Year Follow-up  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the current study, we examined longitudinal changes in, and bidirectional effects between, parenting practices and child behavior problems in the context of a psychosocial treatment and 3-year follow-up period. The sample comprised 139 parent-child dyads (child ages 6-11) who participated in a modular treatment protocol for early-onset ODD or…

Shaffer, Anne; Lindhiem, Oliver; Kolko, David J.; Trentacosta, Christopher J.

2013-01-01

403

Community College Students: Where Do They Go and What Do They Do? A 5-Year Statewide Follow-Up Study. AIR 1992 Annual Forum Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes the results of a 5-year statewide follow-up study of first-time, full-time community college students in Kansas, and documents the academic and career progress of these students from first entry into college to subsequent experiences after leaving the community college. The study, which began with 640 participants from 17…

Conklin, Karen A.

404

Who Is Physically Active? Cultural Capital and Sports Participation from Adolescence to Middle Age--A 38-Year Follow-Up Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Many studies have found that there is a low-to-moderate association between exercise during adolescence and exercise habits in adulthood. A question that arises from these earlier studies, with a follow-up period of about five to 20 years, is how children's and adolescents' physical activity affects their inclination to exercise later…

Engstrom, Lars-Magnus

2008-01-01

405

Ten-Year Follow-up of the OPUS Specialized Early Intervention Trial for Patients With a First Episode of Psychosis.  

PubMed

Introduction : Specialized early intervention programs such as The Danish OPUS treatment are efficient in treating patients with a first episode of psychosis (FEP) at least after 2 and 5 years. Few studies have examined long-term outcomes of these interventions. Aim : To examine the effect of 2 years of OPUS vs treatment as usual (TAU) within an FEP cohort, 10 years after inclusion into the OPUS trial. Methods : From 1998 to 2000, participants were randomized to OPUS or TAU. Ten years later, we conducted comprehensive interviews and performed register-based follow-up on all participants in national Danish registers. We analyzed participants according to the intention-to-treat principle. Results : Of the 547 participants included in the study, 347 (63.4%) took part in this follow-up. While there was evidence of a differential 10-year course in the development of negative symptoms, psychiatric bed days, and possibly psychotic symptoms in favor of OPUS treatment, differences were driven by effects at earlier follow-ups and had diminished over time. Statistically significant differences in the course of use of supported housing were present even after 8-10 years. There were no differences between OPUS and TAU regarding income, work-related outcomes, or marital status. Conclusion: Most of the positive short-term effects of the OPUS intervention had diminished or vanished at this long-term follow-up. We observed a clear tendency that OPUS treatment leads to fewer days in supported housing. There is a need for further studies investigating if extending the intervention will improve outcomes more markedly at long-term follow-ups. PMID:25381449

Secher, Rikke Gry; Hjorthøj, Carsten Rygaard; Austin, Stephen F; Thorup, Anne; Jeppesen, Pia; Mors, Ole; Nordentoft, Merete

2014-11-01

406

Effect of Workplace Noise on Hearing Ability in Tile and Ceramic Industry Workers in Iran: A 2-Year Follow-Up Study  

PubMed Central

Introduction. Noise as a common physical hazard may lead to noise-induced hearing loss, an irreversible but preventable disorder. Annual audiometric evaluations help detect changes in hearing status before clinically significant hearing loss develops. This study was designed to track hearing threshold changes during 2-year follow-up among tile and ceramic workers. Methods. This follow-up study was conducted on 555 workers (totally 1110 ears). Subjects were divided into four groups according to the level of noise exposure. Hearing threshold in conventional audiometric frequencies was measured and standard threshold shift was calculated for each ear. Results. Hearing threshold was increased during 2 years of follow-up. Increased hearing threshold was most frequently observed at 4000, 6000, and 3000 Hz. Standard threshold shift was observed in 13 (2.34%), 49 (8.83%), 22 (3.96%), and 63 (11.35%) subjects in the first and second years of follow-up in the right and left ears, respectively. Conclusions. This study has documented a high incidence of noise-induced hearing loss in tile and ceramic workers that would put stress on the importance of using hearing protection devices. PMID:24453922

Mirmohammadi, Seyyed Jalil; Mehrparvar, Amir Houshang; Mollasadeghi, Abolfazl

2013-01-01

407

Prevalence and risk factors for irritable bowel syndrome in recovered and non-recovered borderline patients over 10?years of prospective follow-up.  

PubMed

This study examined rates of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) over 10?years of prospective follow-up among recovered and non-recovered patients with borderline personality disorder (BPD). Subsequently, risk factors for IBS were examined in female BPD patients. As part of the McLean Study of Adult Development, 264 BPD patients were assessed at baseline, and their medical conditions and time-varying predictors of IBS were assessed over five waves of follow-up (from 6-year follow-up to 16-year follow-up). Semi-structured interviews were used to assess both our IBS outcome variable and our baseline and time-varying predictor variables. Rates of IBS were not significantly different between recovered and non-recovered borderline patients when men and women were considered together and when men were considered alone. However, a significant difference in IBS rates was found between recovered and non-recovered female BPD patients, with the latter reporting significantly higher rates. The rates of IBS in women with BPD were found to be significantly predicted by a family history of IBS and a childhood history of verbal, emotional and/or physical abuse. Taken together, the results of this study suggest that both biological/social learning factors and childhood adversity may be risk factors for IBS in women with BPD. PMID:24532551

Niesten, Isabella J M; Karan, Esen; Frankenburg, Frances R; Fitzmaurice, Garrett M; Zanarini, Mary C

2014-02-01

408

Psychological control and morbidity/mortality in breast cancer patients: a 20-year follow-up study.  

PubMed

The purpose of this paper was to examine the longitudinal effects of psychological sense of control and control-related coping strategies on breast cancer outcomes. Utilizing the California Cancer Registry, follow-up data on cancer recurrence and all-cause mortality were obtained for 54 of 58 women originally diagnosed with breast cancer in 1992 to 1994. Relationships between cancer outcomes and psychological control and mood at 4 and 8 months post-diagnosis were examined. Results of the study showed that a greater sense of control at 8 months was associated with less cancer recurrence, while higher desire for control at both 4 and 8 months was associated with greater likelihood of recurrence. Utilization of an accepting mode of control appeared to mitigate the negative effects of desire for control on recurrence. No significant relationships were observed between mood and mortality or recurrence. These findings suggest the potential value of examining psychological control and control-related coping on cancer outcomes in future epidemiological and clinical studies. PMID:23398270

Astin, John A; Shapiro, Johanna; Shapiro, Deane

2013-01-01

409

Follow-Up Testing  

Cancer.gov

Provides possible follow-up testing, next steps and treatments for women who receive abnormal cervical screening test results, including estrogen cream, colposcopy, endocervical curettage biopsy, punch biopsy, and cone biopsy.

410

Serious Infection and Mortality in Patients With Crohn's Disease: More Than 5 Years of Follow-Up in the TREAT™ Registry  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to contribute long-term safety data for infliximab and other therapies in Crohn's disease (CD). METHODS: We prospectively evaluated CD patients enrolled in the large, observational Crohn's Therapy, Resource, Evaluation, and Assessment Tool registry, established to compare infliximab safety with conventional nonbiological medications in CD. RESULTS: A total of 6,273 patients were enrolled and evaluated on or before 23 February 2010; 3,420 received infliximab (17,712 patient-years; 89.9% received ?2 infusions) and 2,853 received other-treatments-only (13,251 patient-years). Mean length of patient follow-up was 5.2 years. More infliximab- than other-treatments-only-treated patients had moderate-to-severe (30.6% vs. 10.7%) or severe-to-fulminant (2.5% vs. 0.6%) disease severity (P<0.001). In the year before enrollment, more infliximab- than other-treatments-only-treated patients required surgical intervention (17.4% vs. 13.6%), medical hospitalization (14.2% vs. 8.8%), prednisone (47.8% vs. 31.4%), immunomodulators (52.0% vs. 32.1%), and narcotic analgesics (17.3% vs. 9.1%). Patient mortality was similar for infliximab- and other-treatments-only-treated patients (0.58 vs. 0.59/100 patient-years). In multivariate logistic regression analyses, treatment with prednisone (hazard ratio (HR)=2.14, 95% confidence interval (CI)=1.55, 2.95; P<0.001) or narcotic analgesics (HR=1.79, 95% CI=1.29, 2.48; P<0.001) and age (HR=1.08, 95% CI=1.07, 1.09; P<0.001) were associated with increased mortality risk. Neither infliximab nor immunomodulator treatment was associated with increased mortality risk. Factors independently associated with serious infections included moderate-to-severe disease activity (HR=2.24, 95% CI=1.57, 3.19; P<0.001), narcotic analgesic treatment (HR=1.98, 95% CI=1.44, 2.73; P<0.001), prednisone therapy (HR=1.57, 95% CI=1.17, 2.10; P=0.002), and infliximab treatment (HR=1.43, 95% CI=1.11, 1.84; P=0.006). CONCLUSIONS: Mortality was similar between infliximab- and other-treatments-only-treated CD patients. An increased risk of serious infection with infliximab was observed, although CD severity and use of prednisone or narcotic analgesics carried higher risks. PMID:22890223

Lichtenstein, Gary R; Feagan, Brian G; Cohen, Russell D; Salzberg, Bruce A; Diamond, Robert H; Price, Samiyeh; Langholff, Wayne; Londhe, Anil; Sandborn, William J

2012-01-01

411

Uncemented total hip arthroplasty using a tapered femoral component in obese patients: an 18-27 year follow-up study.  

PubMed

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of an uncemented tapered femoral component in obese patients at a mean follow-up of 23 years. We retrospectively reviewed 119 consecutive uncemented total hip arthroplasties in 105 obese patients using a tapered femoral component between 1983 and 1987. The mean body mass index of these patients was 34 (range 30-47). Complete clinical and radiographic follow-up was obtained on the 55 hips in 47 patients who survived a minimum of 18 years (range 18-27 years). Three femoral components (6%) have been revised, none for aseptic loosening. One was loose by radiographic criteria. These results demonstrate that an uncemented tapered stem can provide excellent fixation in obese patients out to 27 years. PMID:24674734

McLaughlin, Jeffrey R; Lee, Kyla R

2014-07-01

412

Prevalence of a soft-tissue lesion after small head metal-on-metal total hip replacement: 13- to 19-year follow-up study.  

PubMed

We investigated the incidence of soft-tissue lesions after small head metal-on-metal total hip replacement (MoM THR). Between December 1993 and May 1999, 149 patients (195 hips) underwent primary cementless MoM THR. During the follow-up period, three patients (five THRs) died and eight patients (14 THRs) were lost to follow-up. We requested that all patients undergo CT evaluation. After exclusion of five patients (six THRs) who had undergone a revision procedure, and 22 (28 THRs) who were unwilling to take part in this study, 111 patients (142 THRs) were evaluated. There were 63 men (88 THRs) and 48 women (54 THRs) with a mean age of 45.7 years (37 to 56) at the time of surgery. The mean follow-up was 15.4 years (13 to 19). A soft-tissue lesion was defined as an abnormal peri-prosthetic collection of fluid, solid lesion or asymmetrical soft-tissue mass. At final follow-up, soft-tissue lesions were found in relation to 28 THRs (19.7%), including 25 solid and three cystic lesions. They were found in 20 men and eight women; 26 lesions were asymptomatic and two were symptomatic. The mean maximal diameter of the soft-tissue lesion was 42.3 mm (17 to 135). The relatively high rate of soft-tissue lesions observed with small head MoM THR remains a concern. PMID:25452360

Hwang, K T; Kim, Y H; Kim, Y S; Ryu, J A

2014-12-01