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1

Annual Report: Discipline, Crime, and Violence. School Year. 2002-2003.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Code of Virginia requires school divisions statewide to submit data annually to the Department of Education (DOE) on incidents of discipline, crime, and violence. These incidents shall include: (1) those that occurred on school property, on a school bus, or at a school-sponsored activity; and (2) offenses, wherever committed, by students…

Virginia State Department of Education, 2004

2004-01-01

2

School-Age NOTES, 2002-2003.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document is comprised of the 12 monthly issues of a newsletter providing support and information for providers of child care for school-age children. The featured articles for each month are: (1) "Transitions: Opportunities to Connect" (September); (2) "Art for All Kinds of Smarts" (October); (3) "Teasing and Bullying in After-School

Scofield, Richard T., Ed.

2003-01-01

3

Overweight and Obesity Among Hawai'i Children Aged 4 to 5 Years Enrolled in Public Schools in 2007-2008 and Comparison with a Similar 2002-2003 Cohort  

PubMed Central

This assessment provides the most recent estimates of overweight and obesity among children 4 to 5 years old who were enrolled in public schools in the 2007–2008 school year, using data obtained from Student Health Records for 12,823 children, which represents 91% of the 14,070 children who were enrolled in kindergarten in 2007–2008. This assessment is a census of 4 to 5 year olds that entered public schools in Hawai‘i in 2007–2008 and represents approximately 38% of the total Hawai‘i population for those aged 4 to 5 years, since kindergarten is not a requirement. A limited data set with data on age, sex, height, and weight was used to calculate BMI (body mass index) percentiles. We compare this data with age and sex-specific BMI obtained from Student Health Records from 10,199 children aged 4 to 5 years entering public schools during 2002–2003. The results illustrate that like the 2002–2003 data (28.5%), over one in four (28.6%) of the children aged 4 to 5 years entering Hawai‘i public schools in 2007–2008 were either overweight or obese. Total proportions overweight and obese were persistently higher (32.5% or more in both 2002–2003 and 2007–2008) in some specific school complexes on O‘ahu as well as in some rural and Neighbor Island school complexes. Physicians, public health and school health professionals, advocates, schools, and communities should be vigilant about this persistent problem and seek to implement practices to combat overweight and obesity. In addition, the use of Student Health Records for on-going pediatric obesity surveillance should be explored more fully. PMID:23900736

Bradbury, Earl; Reyes-Salvail, Florentina; Kishaba, Gregg

2013-01-01

4

UniversityofWaterloo Calendar Year: 2002/2003  

E-print Network

below) for more information. Optometry AdmissionTest (OAT) The OAT must be written by all applicants who are applying to the School of Optometry for the first time. OAT scores are valid for two years only. Inquiries

Seldin, Jonathan P.

5

Solar Program Overview: Fiscal Years 2002& 2003 (Brochure)  

SciTech Connect

This document describes the research activities and accomplishments of the DOE Solar Energy Technologies Program for fiscal years 2002 and 2003. It includes detailed accounts, charts, and photos of R&D activities in the areas of photovoltaics, concentrating solar power, and solar heating and lighting

Not Available

2004-06-01

6

UNH President's Commission on the Status of People of Color Annual Report for the 2002-2003 Academic Year  

E-print Network

this report with an eye on its two main roles: to represent the views and concerns of people of color at UNHUNH President's Commission on the Status of People of Color Annual Report for the 2002-2003 Academic Year September, 2003 Introduction The mission of the Commission on the Status of People of Color

New Hampshire, University of

7

The Socioeconomic Impact of HIV/AIDS on Education Outcomes in Uganda: School Enrolment and the Schooling Gap in 2002/2003  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Due to high prime-age mortality--a result of the HIV/AIDS scourge, the number of orphans in Uganda continues to rise. Using the 2002/2003 Uganda National Household Survey, this paper investigates how HIV/AIDS orphan status affects schooling enrolment and grade progression. Our results show that HIV/AIDS orphans are not significantly less likely to…

Kasirye, Ibrahim; Hisali, Eria

2010-01-01

8

State of Utopia v. Jamie Davidson. 2002-2003 Oklahoma High School Mock Trial Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the spring of 2001, illegal drug use had risen by 40% among teens in the town of Springdale, Utopia. School administrators and the Springdale Police Department decided to implement a crackdown on teen drug use in all high schools in Springdale. A high school principal received a tip on a hotline that Jamie Davidson, a senior, had been seen…

Benischek, Sandra; Davis, Courtney; Horton, Johnathan; Longwell, Nicole; Williams, Keri

9

Arrow Lakes Reservoir Fertilization Experiment; Years 4 and 5, Technical Report 2002-2003.  

SciTech Connect

This report presents the fourth and fifth year (2002 and 2003, respectively) of a five-year fertilization experiment on the Arrow Lakes Reservoir. The goal of the experiment was to increase kokanee populations impacted from hydroelectric development on the Arrow Lakes Reservoir. The impacts resulted in declining stocks of kokanee, a native land-locked sockeye salmon (Oncorhynchus nerka), a key species of the ecosystem. Arrow Lakes Reservoir, located in southeastern British Columbia, has undergone experimental fertilization since 1999. It is modeled after the successful Kootenay Lake fertilization experiment. The amount of fertilizer added in 2002 and 2003 was similar to the previous three years. Phosphorus loading from fertilizer was 52.8 metric tons and nitrogen loading from fertilizer was 268 metric tons. As in previous years, fertilizer additions occurred between the end of April and the beginning of September. Surface temperatures were generally warmer in 2003 than in 2002 in the Arrow Lakes Reservoir from May to September. Local tributary flows to Arrow Lakes Reservoir in 2002 and 2003 were generally less than average, however not as low as had occurred in 2001. Water chemistry parameters in select rivers and streams were similar to previous years results, except for dissolved inorganic nitrogen (DIN) concentrations which were significantly less in 2001, 2002 and 2003. The reduced snow pack in 2001 and 2003 would explain the lower concentrations of DIN. The natural load of DIN to the Arrow system ranged from 7200 tonnes in 1997 to 4500 tonnes in 2003; these results coincide with the decrease in DIN measurements from water samples taken in the reservoir during this period. Water chemistry parameters in the reservoir were similar to previous years of study except for a few exceptions. Seasonal averages of total phosphorus ranged from 2.11 to 7.42 {micro}g/L from 1997 through 2003 in the entire reservoir which were indicative of oligo-mesotrophic conditions. Dissolved inorganic nitrogen concentrations have decreased in 2002 and 2003 compared to previous years. These results indicate that the surface waters in Arrow Lakes Reservoir were approaching nitrogen limitation. Results from the 2003 discrete profile series indicate nitrate concentrations decreased significantly below 25 {micro}g/L (which is the concentration where nitrate is considered limiting to phytoplankton) between June and July at stations in Upper Arrow and Lower Arrow. Nitrogen to phosphorus ratios (weight:weight) were also low during these months indicating that the surface waters were nitrogen deficient. These results indicated that the nitrogen to phosphorus blends of fertilizer added to the reservoir need to be fine tuned and closely monitored on a weekly basis in future years of nutrient addition. Phytoplankton results shifted during 2002 and 2003 compared to previous years. During 2002, there was a co-dominance of potentially 'inedible' diatoms (Fragilaria spp. and Diatoma) and 'greens' (Ulothrix). Large diatom populations occurred in 2003 and these results indicate it may be necessary to alter the frequency and amounts of weekly loads of nitrogen and phosphorus in future years to prevent the growth of inedible diatoms. Zooplankton density in 2002 and 2003, as in previous years, indicated higher densities in Lower Arrow than in Upper Arrow. Copepods and other Cladocera (mainly tiny specimens such as Bosmina sp.) had distinct peaks, higher than in previous years, while Daphnia was not present in higher numbers particularly in Upper Arrow. This density shift in favor to smaller cladocerans was mirrored in a weak biomass increase. In Upper Arrow, total zooplankton biomass decreased from 1999 to 2002, and in 2003 increased slightly, while in Lower Arrow the biomass decreased from 2000-2002. In Lower Arrow the majority of biomass was comprised of Daphnia throughout the study period except in 2002, while in Upper Arrow the total biomass was comprised of copepods from 2000-2003.

Schindler, E.

2007-02-01

10

Kootenay Lake Fertilization Experiment; Years 11 and 12, Technical Report 2002-2003.  

SciTech Connect

This report examines the results from the eleventh and twelfth years (2002 and 2003) of the Kootenay Lake fertilization experiment. Experimental fertilization has occurred with an adaptive management approach since 1992 in order to restore productivity lost as a result of upstream dams. One of the main objectives of the experiment is to restore kokanee (Oncorhynchus nerka) populations, which are a main food source for Gerrard rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss). Kootenay Lake is located between the Selkirk and Purcell mountains in southeastern British Columbia. It has an area of 395 km2, a maximum depth of 150 m, a mean depth of 94 m, and a water renewal time of approximately two years. The quantity of agricultural grade liquid fertilizer (10-34-0, ammonium polyphosphate and 28-0-0, urea ammonium nitrate) added to Kootenay Lake in 2002 and 2003 was similar to that added from 1992 to 1996. After four years of decreased fertilizer loading (1997 to 2000), results indicated that kokanee populations had declined, and the decision was made to increase the loads again in 2001. The total load of fertilizer in 2002 was 47.1 tonnes of phosphorus and 206.7 tonnes of nitrogen. The total fertilizer load in 2003 was 47.1 tonnes of phosphorus and 240.8 tonnes of nitrogen. Additional nitrogen was added in 2003 to compensate for nitrogen depletion in the epilimnion. The fertilizer was applied to a 10 km stretch in the North Arm from 3 km south of Lardeau to 3 km south of Schroeder Creek. The maximum surface water temperature in 2002, measured on July 22, was 22 C in the North Arm and 21.3 C in the South Arm. In 2003, the maxima were recorded on August 5 at 20.6 C in the North Arm and on September 2 at 19.7 C in the South Arm. The maximum water temperature in the West Arm was 18.7 C on September 2, 2003. Kootenay Lake had oxygen-saturated water throughout the sampling season with values ranging from about 11-16 mg/L in 2002 and 2003. In both years, Secchi depth followed the expected pattern for an oligo-mesotrophic lake of decreasing in May, June, and early July, concurrent with the spring phytoplankton bloom, and clearing again as the summer progressed. Total phosphorus (TP) ranged from 2-11 {micro}g/L in 2002 and 2-21 {micro}g/L in 2003. With average TP values generally in the range of 3-10 {micro}g/L, Kootenay Lake is considered to be an oligotrophic to oligo-mesotrophic lake. Total dissolved phosphorus (TDP) followed the same seasonal trends as TP in 2002 and 2003 and ranged from 2-7 {micro}g/L in 2002 and from 2-10 {micro}g/L in 2003. Total nitrogen (TN) ranged from 90-380 {micro}g/L in 2002 and 100-210 {micro}g/L in 2003. During both the 2002 and 2003 sampling seasons, TN showed an overall decline in concentration with mid-summer and fall increases at some stations, which is consistent with previous years results. Dissolved inorganic nitrogen (DIN) concentrations showed a more pronounced declining trend over the sampling season compared with TN, corresponding to nitrate (the dominant component of DIN) being used by phytoplankton during summer stratification. DIN ranged from 7-176 {micro}g/L in 2002 and from 8-147 {micro}g/L in 2003. During 2003, discrete depth sampling occurred, and a more detailed look at the nitrate concentrations in the epilimnion was undertaken. There was a seasonal decline in nitrate concentrations, which supports the principle of increasing the nitrogen loading and the nitrogen to phosphorus (N:P) ratio during the fertilizer application period. Chlorophyll a (Chl a) concentrations in Kootenay Lake were in the range of 1.4-5.1 {micro}g/L in 2002 and 0.5-4.9 {micro}g/L in 2003. Over the sampling season, Chl a at North Arm stations generally increased in spring corresponding with the phytoplankton bloom, decreased during the summer, and increased again in the fall with mixing of the water column. The trend was similar, but less pronounced, at South Arm stations in these years, and spring Chl a concentrations were lower. During 2002, total algal biomass averaged during June, July and August was lower in the North

Schindler, E.

2007-02-01

11

Vanderbilt University Undergraduate Catalog Calendar 2002/2003  

E-print Network

Blair School of Music School of Engineering Peabody College 1 Vanderbilt University 2002/2003 Containing of Title IX of the Education Amend- ments of 1972, Sections 503 and 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973

12

School of Mines 2002 2003  

E-print Network

of Enrollment Management Student Housing: Bob Francisco, Director of Student Life Financial Aid: Roger Koester .......................................................7 Section 2­Student Life ........................................8 Facilities...............24 Admission Requirements ....................................24 Admission Procedures

13

Ce que mon enfant apprend a l'ecole. Manuel a l'intention des parents, 2002-2003: Huitieme annee. (What My Child Learns in School. Curriculum Handbook for Parents, 2002-2003: Grade 8.)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Noting that parents are vital partners in the educational system, this French-language handbook provides parents with information about the Grade 8 curriculum in Alberta, Canada. Based on the Alberta Learning "Program of Studies: Junior High Schools," the handbook describes the knowledge, skills, and attitudes students in Alberta are expected to…

Alberta Learning, Edmonton. Direction de l'education francaise.

14

Facing History and Ourselves Annual Report, 2002-2003  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Facing History and Ourselves is an international educational non-profit organization that engages middle and high school teachers and their students in an examination of racism, prejudice, and antisemitism by relating the past to the world today. This annual report highlights the activities of this organization during 2002-2003. Detailed in this…

Facing History and Ourselves, 2003

2003-01-01

15

Descriptive Epidemiology of Collegiate Men's Soccer Injuries: National Collegiate Athletic Association Injury Surveillance System, 1988-1989 Through 2002-2003  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: To review 15 years of National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) injury surveillance data for women's soccer and identify potential areas for injury prevention initiatives. Background: The number of NCAA schools sponsoring women's soccer has grown tremendously, from 271 in 1988- 1989 to 879 schools in 2002-2003. During that time, the NCAA Injury Surveillance System has collected game and practice

Julie Agel; Todd A. Evans; Randall Dick; Margot Putukian; Stephen W. Marshall

16

1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 Kellogg Graduate School of Management  

E-print Network

3 Part-time MBA 3 3 2 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 1 1 1 Marketing 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 General School of Law School of Law (National Law Journal) 2 5 1 8 School of Law (US News) 13 12 11 14 13 12 12 Community Health NR 2 Physical Therapy 9 10 7 9 Clinical Psychology 19 11 22 37 School of Medicine (primary

17

MEA Technical Manual, 2002-2003.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this technical manual is to document the technical aspects of the 2002-2003 Maine Educational Assessment (MEA). In the fall of 2002, students in grades 4, 8, and 11 participated in the administration of the MEA in writing, reading, and health education. In the spring of 2003, students in grades 4, 8, and 11 were administered tests…

Maine Department of Education, 2004

2004-01-01

18

Salary Survey, 2002-2003.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents data from a salary survey of 26 positions in the college unions and student activities profession. Average salaries rose 3 percent from last year, the smallest increase in a decade. Includes several data tables. (EV)

Bulletin, 2003

2003-01-01

19

Mute swan ( Cygnus olor ) winter distribution and numerical trends over a 16-year period (1987\\/1988–2002\\/2003) in France  

Microsoft Academic Search

The numbers of mute swans (Cygnus olor) at 98 wetland locations in France were monitored monthly during the winter (December–February) for 16 years by a national\\u000a network of observers as part of a broader national wildfowl monitoring scheme. Log-linear Poisson regressions with TRIM software were used to estimate missing counts and produce national numbers and indices. These corrected indices were

Carol Fouque; Matthieu Guillemain; Maurice Benmergui; Gilles Delacour; Jean-Yves Mondain-Monval; Vincent Schricke

2007-01-01

20

Borges, 2002-2003 University of Wisconsin Agronomy  

E-print Network

Borges, © 2002-2003 University of Wisconsin ­ Agronomy This presentation is available at http://soybean.agronomy.wisc.edu #12;Borges, © 2002-2003 University of Wisconsin ­ Agronomy This presentation is available at http://soybean.agronomy IS A COMPLEX SERIES OF INTERACTIONS #12;Borges, © 2002-2003 University of Wisconsin ­ Agronomy

Balser, Teri C.

21

American Library Directory[TM], 2002-2003. Vol. 1: Libraries in the United States [and] Vol. 2: Libraries in Canada, Library Networks, Consortia & Schools, Organization Index, Personnel Index. 55th Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The "American Library Directory[TM] 2002-2003," in two volumes, provides access to comparative data, additional resources, and sales prospects for the United States and Canadian library communities. Containing full profiles on public, academic, government, and special libraries, the totally updated 55th edition is organized by state and city. Each…

2002

22

Kursplan fr lsret 2002/2003 TEKNOLOGI FR MIKROSTRUKTURER OCH  

E-print Network

Kursplan för läsåret 2002/2003 TEKNOLOGI F�R MIKROSTRUKTURER OCH INTEGRERADE KRETSAR, PROJEKT FFF Se FFF030 Teknologi för mikrostrukturer och integrerade kretsar. Projekt tillkommer. Litteratur Sze

23

FIRST 2002, 2003, 2004 Robotics Competition(s).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The New Horizons Regional Education Center (NHREC) in Hampton, VA sought and received NASA funding to support its participation in the 2002, 2003, and 2004 FIRST Robotics Competitions. FIRST, Inc. (For Inspiration and Recognition of Science and Technology...

R. Purman

2004-01-01

24

English Teaching & Learning, 2002-2003.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

These four issues contain the following articles: "A Case Documentation of English Instruction at the Elementary School Level: The Cross-Cultural Impact of Native Speaker Teachers" (Hsien-Chin Liou) [written in Chinese]; "A Collaborative Tale with Two Taiwanese EFL College Groups" (Feng-Ming Chi); "A Developmental Study on Phonological Awareness…

English Teaching & Learning, 2003

2003-01-01

25

Kursplan fr lsret 2002/2003 LIVSMEDELS-OCH LKEMEDELSANALYSER -  

E-print Network

Kursplan för läsåret 2002/2003 LIVSMEDELS- OCH L�KEMEDELSANALYSER - KVALITETSS�KRING KLT350 Food: Introduction to Modern Liquid Chromatography, Second Ed, John Wiley & Sons Inc 1979, ISBN 0 Committee on Food Analysis, Nordisk Metodikkommitté för Livsmedel (NMKL), Esbo, Finland. #12;

26

Trends in Diabetes and Cardiometabolic Conditions in a Canadian First Nation Community, 2002–2003 to 2011–2012  

PubMed Central

Introduction The burden of diabetes and cardiovascular disease among the Canadian First Nation population is disproportionately high compared with the general Canadian population. Continuous monitoring of the diabetes epidemic among the Canadian First Nations population is necessary to inform public health practice. The purpose of the study was to compare the prevalence of diabetes and cardiometabolic conditions in a Manitoba First Nation between 2 periods. Methods Study data were from 2 diabetes screening studies in Sandy Bay Ojibway First Nation in Manitoba, collected in 2002–2003 and 2011–2012. All adults aged 18 years or older were invited to participate in both studies. Crude and sex- and age-standardized prevalence of diabetes and cardiometabolic conditions for each period were estimated and compared with each other by using ?2 tests. Results Sex- and age-standardized prevalence of diabetes was estimated at 39.4% (95% confidence interval [CI], 35.1–43.8) in 2002–2003 and was not significantly different (P = .99) in 2011–2012. Sex- and age-standardized obesity prevalence was significantly lower in 2011–2012, at 48.7% (95% CI, 44.6–52.7), compared with 60.8% (95% CI, 56.4–65.2) in 2002–2003 (P < .001). However, this finding was accounted for by a lower prevalence of obesity among men aged 40 to 49 and aged 50 years or older in 2011–2012 compared with 2002–2003. Sex- and age-standardized prevalence of hypertension (P = .97), abdominal obesity (P = .26), dyslipidemia (P = .73), and metabolic syndrome (P = .67) were not significantly different between periods. Significantly higher crude prevalence of obesity, abdominal obesity, dyslipidemia, and metabolic syndrome among women compared with men persisted from 2002–2003 to 2011–2012. Conclusion The diabetes epidemic remains a serious problem in this First Nation community. The gap in cardiometabolic burden between men and women has also persisted. PMID:25393746

Riediger, Natalie D.; Lix, Lisa M.; Lukianchuk, Virginia

2014-01-01

27

UniversityofRegina Calendar Year: 2002/2003  

E-print Network

Drama 1000 - Introduction to Dramatic Arts Music 1000 - Introduction to Music One of: Linguistics 2300 to World Religions Women's Studies 2000 - Issues in Women's Studies Additional English course Additional

Seldin, Jonathan P.

28

Legislative Report on Charter Schools. Statutory Report Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to identify and describe the actions taken on new charter school petitions or proposals. This report offers a summary of charter school activity in the 426 Wisconsin school districts during the 2002-2003 school year. The data is based upon an electronic survey administered by the Wisconsin Department of Public…

Decker, Paula Crandall; Geraghty, Lisa; Wendt, Sharon

2004-01-01

29

Evaluation of the School Breakfast Program Pilot Project: Final Report. Special Nutrition Programs. Report Number CN-04-SBP. Nutrition Assistance Program Report Series  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 1998, Congress authorized the School Breakfast Program Pilot Project (SBPP) to study the implementation and effects of providing universal free school breakfast in six school districts across the United States. For three years, from School Year (SY) 2000-2001 through SY 2002-2003, these six school districts received federal funds to offer…

Bernstein, Lawrence S.; McLaughlin, Joan E.; Crepinsek, Mary Kay; Daft, Lynn M.

2004-01-01

30

Evaluation of New Century High Schools: Profile of an Initiative to Create and Sustain Small, Successful High Schools. Final Report  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The evaluation of the New Century High Schools (NCHS) initiative examined operations and student outcomes in 75 schools from 2002-2003 through 2005-2006. This report, the final in a series of annual evaluation reports, presents data collected over those years, with a focus on school year 2005-2006. The NCHS initiative grew out of a program theory…

Foley, Eileen M.; Klinge, Allan; Reisner, Elizabeth R.

2007-01-01

31

Life's Little Corn Problems v111702 (c) 2002-2003, RLNielsen, Purdue Univ. 1  

E-print Network

Life's Little Corn Problems v111702 (c) 2002-2003, RLNielsen, Purdue Univ. 1 v111702 (c) 2002 -2003, RLNielsen, Purdue Univ. 1 Life's Little Corn Problems: Tips on Crop Diagnostics Bob Nielsen Purdue symptoms n Herbicide label restrictions, esp. relative to crop growth stage #12;Life's Little Corn Problems

Jackson, Scott A.

32

High Expense: Disability Severity and Charter School Attendance in Arizona  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Much of the literature related to the skimming or cropping of students by charter schools has ignored special education students. This article examines the relationship between the severity of student disabilities and their likelihood of having attended an Arizona charter school in the 2002-2003 school year. After adjusting for student traits,…

Garcy, Anthony M.

2011-01-01

33

Kursplan fr lsret 2002/2003 LIVSMEDELSHYGIEN MED PROBIOTIKA KLG051  

E-print Network

and Quality of Food (vol. 1 and 2), Aspen Publication, Inc., Gaithersburg, Maryland, (2000), ISBN: 0Kursplan för läsåret 2002/2003 LIVSMEDELSHYGIEN MED PROBIOTIKA KLG051 Food Hygiene and Probiotics

34

Assessment of the Undergraduate Medical Education Environment in a Large UK Medical School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: To assess the undergraduate educational environment in a large UK medical school. Method: Prospective study using the already validated Dundee Ready Education Environment (DREEM) questionnaire ("Appendix 1"). Setting: A large UK medical school. Participants: All medical students enrolled in the academic year 2002/2003. Main outcome…

Dunne, Fidelma; McAleer, Sean; Roff, Susan

2006-01-01

35

The Student Guide. Financial Aid, 2002-2003. [Braille Version].  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This Braille publication discusses federal student aid programs for postsecondary education and how to apply for them. It begins by outlining sources for finding out about student aid and offers tips for choosing schools carefully. The guide presents general information about federal student aid, including eligibility in terms of need and…

Department of Education, Washington, DC. Student Financial Assistance.

36

The Child Indicator: The Child, Youth, and Family Indicators Newsletter, 2002-2003.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document consists of the 2002-2003 issues of a quarterly newsletter intended to communicate the major developments within each sector of the child and youth indicators field. The newsletters feature regular sections on the community, state, and national scenes, and include sections of resources and data. The Summer 2002 issue includes…

Brown, Brett, Ed.; Smith, Berkeley, Ed.

2003-01-01

37

2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 Assekrem [country: DZ | longitude: 5.6  

E-print Network

for background conditions. #12;: 3 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 400 450 500 550 600 H2[ppb] Easter Island 550 600 H2[ppb] Christmas Island [country: AU | longitude: -157.2 | latitude: 1.7 | height (masl): 5 Islands [country: FR | longitude: 51.9 | latitude: -46.5 | height (masl): 120] Fig. 2: Comparison

Meskhidze, Nicholas

38

The Junior Science and Humanities Symposium: Management and Operation, 2002-2003.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document provides the administrative, management, and supervisory guidance necessary to successfully conduct and support grades 7-12 science symposia. It was developed as the operations manual for the Pacific Region Junior Science and Humanities Symposium (PJSHS) program for 2002-2003 which is an 10-month, precollege student research program…

Schlenker, Richard M.

39

Results of a Two-Year Longitudinal Study of Beverage-Specific Alcohol Use among Adolescents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study explored beverage-specific alcohol consumption patterns among a sample of high school students over a two-year period. Four hundred fifty-five students completed the validated questionnaire at all three time points (2002, 2003, 2004). Variables of interest included five use measures (past year use, 30-day frequency, quantity, heavy use,…

Moore, Michele Johnson; Werch, Chudley

2007-01-01

40

Obligatorische Vorlesungen von SAM-Dozenten im WS 2002/2003 Vorlesung Nr. Abt. Typ+Std. Dozent  

E-print Network

Obligatorische Vorlesungen von SAM-Dozenten im WS 2002/2003 Vorlesung Nr. Abt. Typ+Std. Dozent Stat WS 2002/2003 Vorlesung Nr. Abt. Typ+Std. Dozent Computational Electromagnetism ... 9 4V+3U Hiptmair 2003 Vorlesung Nr. Abt. Typ+Std. Dozent Parallel Numer. Comput. 37-510 RW, 3C, 9 2V+1U Arbenz (D

Gutknecht, Martin H.

41

Walla Walla River Fish Passage Operations Program, 2002-2003 Annual Report.  

SciTech Connect

In the late 1990's, the Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation, Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife, and Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife, along with many other agencies, began implementing fisheries restoration activities in the Walla Walla Basin. An integral part of these efforts is to alleviate the inadequate fish migration conditions in the basin. The migration concerns are being addressed by removing diversion structures, constructing fish passage facilities, implementing minimum instream flow requirements, and initiating trap and haul efforts. The objective of the Walla Walla River Fish Passage Operations Project is to increase the survival of migrating adult and juvenile salmonids in the Walla Walla River basin. The project is responsible for coordinating operation and maintenance of ladders, screen sites, bypasses, trap facilities, and transportation equipment. In addition, the project provides technical input on passage criteria and passage and trapping facility design and operation. Operation of the various passage facilities and passage criteria guidelines are outlined in an annual operations plan that the project develops. During the 2002-2003 project year, there were 545 adult summer steelhead (Oncorhynchus mykiss), 29 adult bull trout (Salvelinus confluentus); 1 adult and 1 jack spring chinook (O. tshawytscha) enumerated at the Nursery Bridge Dam fishway adult trap between January 1 and June 23, 2003. Summer steelhead and spring chinook were observed moving upstream while bull trout were observed moving both upstream and downstream of the facility. Operation of the Little Walla Walla River juvenile trap for trap and haul purposes was not necessary this year. The project transported 21 adult spring chinook from Ringold Springs Hatchery and 281 from Threemile Dam to the South Fork Walla Walla Brood Holding Facility. Of these, 290 were outplanted in August for natural spawning in the basin.

Bronson, James P. (Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation, Department of Natural Resources, Pendleton, OR); Duke, Bill B. (Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife, Pendleton, OR)

2004-03-01

42

Gilliam County Riparian Buffers; 2002-2003 Annual Report.  

SciTech Connect

There are only two problems that have been encountered during the contract year. The first problem has to do with eligibility. To be eligible for CREP you must own land adjacent to stream that has been delineated an anadromous fish stream. The problem is there are areas in Gilliam County that are designated anadromous fish streams that probably don't deserve that delineation and then there are streams that are not listed that probably do deserve that delineation. This has affected a few proposed projects. For instance, there is a project area on a stream that is delineated on the eligibility map, but the particular reach we are working with does not show up on the map. ODFW then receives an eligibility sheet from FSA or the SWCD technician. On this particular area it says steelhead distribution is downstream .5 miles. FSA won't consider this area eligible for CREP, thus the landowner must enroll in CCRP, which doesn't quite have the incentives as CREP. We are working to improve the maps. A meeting has been scheduled to discuss some particular areas and possibly re-draw the eligibility map. The other problem has to do with the amount of cost share for off-stream watering facilities. Many landowners who wish to install spring developments and other off-stream watering facilities run into a problem with cost-share limits within the CREP guidelines. When a landowner wants to enroll all of his/her stream and exclude livestock from the creek entirely they are having to pay some out of pocket expenses to get enough water to sufficiently support their livestock without using the creek. There has been one landowner who decided not to enroll because of this technicality. The problems encountered are problems that occur within the parameters of the program. These problems may or may not be changed. Otherwise, interest in the programs has been excellent and will only get better. The number of contracts that were estimated to be negotiated in the three-year term may be a bit excessive. In counties such as Gilliam, most tracts of land are large parcels. If multiple project areas occur in the same tract then you have one contract per tract. This reduces your total number in a lot of cases. In year 1 there were 6 contracts negotiated and approved in the CREP program. Prior to the contract there were a total of 9. The program started in 1998. The numbers will only increase in year 2. Year two should be a drastic improvement over year one. There has already been several projects proposed that may or may not be approved during year 2. There are 367.4 acres of land that has been proposed in either CREP or CCRP, which would include 30.94 miles of stream buffered on both sides.

Coiner, Josh (Gilliam Soil and Water Conservation District, Condon, OR)

2003-05-01

43

Department of Education Annual Plan 2002-2003  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Building on President Bush's earlier "No Child Left Behind" educational prospectus for the United States, this 148-page report explicates the Department of Education's 6-point plan for the upcoming years. The six points discussed in detail throughout the body of the report include improving student achievement, creating a culture of achievement, and enhancing the quality of access to postsecondary and adult education, among others. Throughout the report, specific nationwide objectives are discussed in detail, along with timelines detailing when these objectives might ideally be reached. The last fifty pages of the report are devoted to appendices dealing with opportunities to collaborate with different federal agencies and the equally thorny question of data quality.

2002-01-01

44

Wheeler County Riparian Buffers; 2002-2003 Annual Report.  

SciTech Connect

Problems Encountered During Contract Year--Wheeler County residents are mostly non participants when it comes to Farm Services programs. Results of the counties non participation is the rental rates are the lowest in the state. There is a government fear factor as well as an obvious distance limitation. The FSA office is nearly 150 mile roundtrip from two of the counties urban areas. I find myself not only selling the CREP-Riparian Buffer but also selling Farm Services in general. Training has been very limited. NRCS is obviously not designed around training and certification. They are an on-the-job training organization. It has caused a hesitation in my outreach program and a great deal of frustration. I feel my confidence will strengthen with the follow through of the current projects. The most evident problem has come to light as of late. The program is too expensive to implement. The planting is too intensive for a 12''-18'' rainfall area. I provide the potential landowner a spread sheet with the bonuses, the costs, and the final outcome. No matter the situation, CREP or CCRP, the landowner always balks at the cost. The program assumes the landowner has the capital to make the initial investment. For example, project No.2 is going to be a minimum width buffer. It is approximately 3,000 ft long and 5.5 acres. The buffer for tree planting and fencing alone will result in a cost of nearly $13,000. With the water developments it nears $23,000. That is nearly 10% of a 250 mother-cow operating budget. Project No.1, the tree planting estimate is $45,000. This alone is nearly 25% of the same type of budget. I would greatly appreciate any help in finding a third party willing to put money to work covering the initial costs of the program, expecting reimbursement from Farm Services Agency. I believe this could create a powerful tool in buffering streams in Wheeler County. Outlook for Contract Year 2--I have been in this position now for 6 months. I am beginning to feel a much more confident in the buffer program. As my confidence improves I will move forward rapidly in contacting. With increased contacting I will find participating landowners. I am positive the landowner involved in my first project will be doing another after the first is complete.

Potter, Judy; Homer, Will (Wheeler County Soil and Water Conservation District, John Day, OR)

2004-02-01

45

Forrest Ranch Management and Implementation, Annual Report 2002-2003.  

SciTech Connect

Through their John Day Basin Office, the Confederated Tribes of Warm Springs Reservation of Oregon (Tribes) acquired the Forrest Ranch during July of 2002. The property consists of two parcels located in the John Day subbasin within the Columbia basin. The mainstem parcel consists of 3,503 acres and is located 1/2 mile to the east of Prairie City, Oregon on the mainstem of the John Day River. The middle fork parcel consists of 820 acres and is located one mile to the west of the town of Austin, OR on the middle fork John Day River. The Forrest Ranch Project is under a memorandum of agreement with the Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) to provide an annual written report generally describing the real property interests of the project and management activities undertaken or in progress. The Forrest Ranch acquisition was funded by BPA as part of their program to protect, mitigate, and enhance fish and wildlife habitat affected by the operation of their hydroelectric facilities on the Columbia River and its tributaries. Following lengthy negotiations with the BPA and property owner, the Tribes were able to conclude the acquisition of the Forrest Ranch in July of 2002. The intent of the acquisition project was to partially mitigate fish and wildlife impacts for the John Day Dam on the Columbia River as outlined in the Northwest Power Planning Council's Wildlife Program (NPPC 1994, section 11.1, section 7.6). While the Tribes hold fee-title to the property, the BPA has assured a level of program funding through a memorandum of agreement and annual statement of work. As early as 1997, the Tribes identified this property as a priority for restoration in the John Day basin. In 2000, the Tribes arranged an agreement with the landowner to seek funds for the acquisition of both the Middle Fork and upper Mainstem John Day River holdings of Mr. John Forrest. This property had been a priority of not only the Tribes, but of many other basin natural resource agencies. The contract period was the first year of the program with December 2001 through July 2nd 2002 being previous to acquisition of the property. The majority of the activities conducted under the contract period were spent on O&M and pre acquisition activities.

Smith, Brent

2004-01-01

46

Banks Lake Fishery Evaluation Annual Report 2002-2003.  

SciTech Connect

The Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife implemented the Banks Lake Fishery Evaluation Project (BLFEP) in September 2001 with funds from the Bonneville Power Administration. Fiscal Year (FY) 2001 of the BLFEP was used to gather historic information, establish methods and protocols, collect limnology data, and conduct the first seasonal fish surveys. FY 2002 was used to continue seasonal fish and lakewide creel surveys and adjust methods and protocols as needed. Water quality parameters were collected monthly from February to May and bi-monthly from June to August. Banks Lake water temperatures began to increase in April and stratification was apparent by June at all 3 limnology collection sites. By late August, the thermocline had dropped to nearly 20 meters deep, with 16-17 C temperatures throughout the epilimnion. Dissolved oxygen levels were generally above 10 mg/L until August when dissolved oxygen dropped near or below 5 mg/L below 20-meters deep. Secchi depths ranged from 2.5-8 meters and varied by location and date. Nearshore and offshore fish surveys were conducted in October 2002 and May and July 2003 using boat electrofishing, fyke net, gill net, and hydroacoustic surveys. Yellow Perch Perca flavescens (32 %) and cottid spp. (22 %) dominated the nearshore species composition in October; however, by May yellow perch (12 %) were the third most common species followed by smallmouth bass Micropterous dolomieui (34 %) and lake whitefish Coregonus clupeaformis (14 %). Lake whitefish dominated the offshore catch during October (78 %) and May (81 %). Fish diet analysis indicated that juvenile fishes consumed primarily insects and zooplankton, while adult piscivores consumed cottids spp. and yellow perch most frequently. For FY 2002, the following creel statistics are comprehensive through August 31, 2003. The highest angling pressure occurred in June 2003, when anglers were primarily targeting walleye and smallmouth bass. Boat anglers utilized Steamboat State Park more frequently than any other boat ramp on Banks Lake. Shore anglers used the rock jetty at Coulee City Park 76 % of the time, with highest use occurring from November through April. An estimated total of 11,915 ({+-}140 SD) smallmouth bass, 6,412 ({+-}59 SD) walleye, 5,470 ({+-}260 SD) rainbow trout, and 1,949 ({+-}118 SD) yellow perch were harvested from Banks Lake in FY 2002. Only 3 kokanee were reported in the catch during the FY 2002 creel survey. In the future, data from the seasonal surveys and creel will be used to identify potential factors that may limit the production and harvest of kokanee, rainbow trout, and various spiny-rayed fishes in Banks Lake. The limiting factors that will be examined consist of: abiotic factors including water temperature, dissolved oxygen levels, habitat, exploitation and entrainment; and biotic factors including food limitation and predation. The BLFEP will also evaluate the success of several rearing and stocking strategies for hatchery kokanee in Banks Lake.

Polacek, Matt; Knuttgen, Kamia; Shipley, Rochelle

2003-11-01

47

Contrasting triggering mechanisms of the 2001 and 2002–2003 eruptions of Mount Etna (Italy)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mount Etna produced two significant eruptions in 2001 and 2002–2003, which we have analysed using geological, seismic and deformation data. These eruptions showed some similarities, such as the activating of two magmatic plumbing systems (central–lateral and eccentric), but they differed in their triggering mechanisms. While the 2001 eruption was largely the result of the emplacement of a N–S eccentric dike

Marco Neri; Valerio Acocella; Boris Behncke; Vincenza Maiolino; Andrea Ursino; Rosanna Velardita

2005-01-01

48

The 2002/2003 El Nio: Equatorial waves sequence and their impact on sea surface temperature  

E-print Network

The 2002/2003 El Niño: Equatorial waves sequence and their impact on sea surface temperature K/2003 El Nin~ o: Equatorial waves sequence and their impact on sea surface temperature, J. Geophys. Res (hereafter CP El Niño) or Modoki El Niño. CP El Niño consists in a warming of the sea surface temperature

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

49

Preparing for a New School Year  

MedlinePLUS

... School Year Ages & Stages Listen Preparing for a New School Year Article Body The start of each ... friends again, they might be apprehensive about a new teacher and, in some cases, a new school. ...

50

Evaluating the Effectiveness of the 2002-2003 NASA CONNECT(TM) Program  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

NASA CONNECT is a research-, inquiry-, and standards-based, integrated mathematics, science, and technology series of 30-minute instructional distance learning (television and web-based) programs for students in grades 6 8. Respondents who evaluated the programs in the 2002 2003 NASA CONNECT series reported that (1) they used the programs in the series; (2) the goals and objectives for the series were met; (3) the programs were aligned with the national mathematics, science, and technology standards; (4) the program content was developmentally appropriate for grade level; and (5) the programs in the series enhanced and enriched the teaching of mathematics, science, and technology.

Pinelli, Thomas E.; Lambert, Matthew A.; Williams, Amy C.

2004-01-01

51

Year-Round Schools: A National Perspective.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A rationale for restructuring American education through changing the school schedule is presented in this paper. The following issues are addressed: the national status of year-round education; meeting children's needs; school year calendars in Europe, Japan, and Russia; and school calendar options. Arguments for year-round schooling are that it…

Bradford, James C., Jr.

52

Research on Captive Broodstock Programs for Pacific Salmon, 2002-2003 Annual Report.  

SciTech Connect

The success of captive broodstock programs depends on high in-culture survival, appropriate development of the reproductive system, and the behavior and survival of cultured salmon after release, either as adults or juveniles. Continuing captive broodstock research designed to improve technology is being conducted to cover all major life history stages of Pacific salmon. Current velocity in rearing vessels had little if any effect on reproductive behavior of captively reared steelhead. However, males and females reared in high velocity vessels participated a greater number of spawning events than siblings reared in low velocity tanks. Observations of nesting females and associated males in a natural stream (Hamma Hamma River) were consistent with those observed in a controlled spawning channel. DNA pedigree analyses did not reveal significant differences in the numbers of fry produced by steelhead reared in high and low velocity vessels. To determine the critical period(s) for imprinting for sockeye salmon, juvenile salmon are being exposed to known odorants at key developmental stages. Subsequently they will be tested for development of long-term memories of these odorants. In 2002-2003, the efficacy of EOG analysis for assessing imprinting was demonstrated and will be applied in these and other behavioral and molecular tools in the current work plan. Results of these experiments will be important to determine the critical periods for imprinting for the offspring of captively-reared fish destined for release into natal rivers or lakes. By early August, the oocytes of all of Rapid River Hatchery chinook salmon females returning from the ocean had advanced to the tertiary yolk globule stage; whereas, only some of the captively reared Lemhi River females sampled had advanced to this stage, and the degree of advancement was not dependent on rearing temperature. The mean spawning time of captive Lemhi River females was 3-4 weeks after that of the Rapid River fish. Captive Lemhi River females produced smaller and fewer eggs than the Rapid River females; however, relative fecundity was higher than that of the Rapid River fish. Female coho salmon that ceased or slowed oocyte development in the spring had lower body growth from the previous August onward compared with females that continued oocyte growth. This indicates that growth during the late summer and fall, one year prior to spawning, can determine the decision to mature the following spring. Therefore it is important to maintain the growth of broodstock during the summer/fall period to ensure the continuation of ovary development in the subsequent spring. A combined whole cell vaccine of Renogen with killed R. salmoninarum strain MT239 may be effective in reducing the occurrence of BKD during the period immediately after seawater transfer, but not in yearling seawater-adapted chinook salmon. Control of BKD is likely to require an integrated disease management plan, utilizing three components, namely broodstock segregation, antibiotics, and vaccination. Vaccine results incorporated with antibiotic treatment will be used to work toward an integrated disease management plan to help to reduce the cycle of BKD transmission in the captive stocks to increase survival safely. Patterns of estimated survival in one chinook salmon stock (Grovers Creek)were generally consistent with inbreeding depression: progeny of fish that were full siblings (approximate increment in F of 0.25) survived to return at much lower rates than did progeny of fish that were half siblings (F {approx} 0.125) or unrelated individuals (F {approx} 0). Growth at sea of Grovers Creek Hatchery stock study fish was lower than that of UWH stock fish. Among the inbreeding groups alone, no clear differences in growth were detectable. However, preliminary results suggest the general pattern of growth was opposite that expected if inbreeding depression reduced growth: the highest growth was in progeny of related parents.

Berejikian, Barry A. (National Marine Fisheries Service)

2004-01-01

53

New Mexico School District Profile, 1979-80 School Year.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Representing a broad cross section of data bearing on the operation and performance of public schools in New Mexico during the school year 1979-80, the document presents data on school district characteristics, teacher characteristics, pupil characteristics, school finance, high school graduates, American College Testing (ACT) results, and results…

Cavatta, Jerry C., Comp.

54

Descriptive Epidemiology of Collegiate Women's Soccer Injuries: National Collegiate Athletic Association Injury Surveillance System, 1988–1989 Through 2002–2003  

PubMed Central

Objective: To review 15 years of National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) injury surveillance data for women's soccer and identify potential areas for injury prevention initiatives. Background: The number of NCAA schools sponsoring women's soccer has grown tremendously, from 271 in 1988– 1989 to 879 schools in 2002–2003. During that time, the NCAA Injury Surveillance System has collected game and practice injury data for women's soccer across all 3 NCAA divisions. Main Results: The rate of injury was more than 3 times higher in games than in practices (16.44 versus 5.23 injuries per 1000 athlete-exposures, rate ratio = 3.2, 95% confidence interval = 3.1, 3.4, P < .01), and preseason practices had an injury rate that was more than 3 times greater than the rate for in-season practices (9.52 versus 2.91 injuries per 1000 athlete-exposures, rate ratio = 3.3, 95% confidence interval = 3.1, 3.5, P < .01). Approximately 70% of all game and practice injuries affected the lower extremities. Ankle ligament sprains (18.3%), knee internal derangements (15.9%), concussions (8.6%), and leg contusions (8.3%) accounted for a substantial portion of game injuries. Upper leg muscle-tendon strains (21.3%), ankle ligament sprains (15.3%), knee internal derangements (7.7%), and pelvis and hip muscle strains (7.6%) represented most of the practice injuries. Injuries were categorized as attributable to player contact, “other contact” (eg, contact with the ball, ground, or other object), or no contact. Player-to-player contact accounted for more than half of all game injuries (approximately 54%) but less than 20% of all practice injuries. The majority of practice injuries involved noncontact injury mechanisms. Knee internal derangements, ankle ligament sprains, and concussions were the leading game injuries that resulted in 10 or more days of time lost as a result of injury. Recommendations: Ankle ligament sprains, knee internal derangements, and concussions are common injuries in women's soccer. Research efforts have focused on knee injuries and concussions in soccer, and further epidemiologic data are needed to determine if preventive strategies will help to alter the incidence of these injuries. Furthermore, the specific nature of the player contact leading to concussions and lower extremity injuries should be investigated. Preventive efforts should continue to focus on reducing knee injuries, ankle injuries, and concussions in women collegiate soccer players. PMID:17710177

Dick, Randall; Putukian, Margot; Agel, Julie; Evans, Todd A; Marshall, Stephen W

2007-01-01

55

Scientific community and civil protection synergy during the Stromboli 2002-2003 Eruption  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The eruption of Stromboli 2002-2003, thanks to its complex scenario (flank instability, tsunami, necessity to rapidly upgrade monitoring networks), has provided an important opportunity to verify the response of the national system of civil protection to volcanic emergencies. In particular, it has tested and validated the model of collaboration, in use by Italian law, between the Department of Civil Protection and the National Institute of Geophysics and Volcanology. This synergy has enabled a better understanding and ability to tackle the eruptive crisis from its first stages, as well as implement monitoring systems both dependably and swiftly. In this work, the numerous first monitoring tasks carried out during the critical initial stages of the eruption are described, and the activities and planned action are reported over the course of the eruption that has made Stromboli one of the best monitored volcanoes not only in Italy but throughout the world.

Bertolaso, G.; Bonaccorso, A.; Boschi, E.

56

Nearsightedness Linked to Years in School  

MedlinePLUS

... Eye Health News Consumer Alerts Nearsightedness Linked to Years in School Tweet Eye Health Lifestyle Topics Preventing ... eyesight than previously thought, study says The more years you spend in school, the more likely you' ...

57

Year-Round versus Traditional Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document serves as a literature review for the practicality and cost effectiveness of traditional versus year-round school systems. The differences in year-round and traditional schools are many, as the debate lingers on which type is best for students' learning. Generally conclusive, the literature indicates that year-round schools' benefits…

Lyttle, LeighAnne

2011-01-01

58

Smoke-Free Homes and Smoking Behavior: Population evidence from the TUS-CPS 2002-2003 overlap sample  

Cancer.gov

Smoke-Free Homes & Smoking Cessation TUS-CPS 2002-2003 overlap sample Karen Messer, Ph D Moores UCSD Cancer Center Messer TUS 2009 2 Outline Importance of TUS-CPS overlap sample Background on recent US cessation trends Population evidence on Smoke-Free

59

Academic Performance and Substance Use among Students Aged 12 to 17: 2002, 2003, and 2004. The NSDUH Report. Issue 18  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report examines the differences in self-reported academic performance (i.e., average grades in the last semester or grading period) among students aged 12 to 17 by gender, age, and substance use. All findings are annual averages based on combined 2002, 2003, and 2004 NSDUH data. Researchers found that the frequency of the use of alcohol and…

Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, 2006

2006-01-01

60

Feedback processes between magmatic events and flank movement at Mount Etna (Italy) during the 2002–2003 eruption  

Microsoft Academic Search

The 2002–2003 Mount Etna eruption and the associated deformation provide a unique possibility to study the relationships between volcanism and volcano instability. The sequence started with movement of the eastern volcano flank and was associated with earthquakes and the formation of surface ruptures. Then the eruption occurred from fissures at the north and south rift zones and was followed by

Thomas R. Walter; Valerio Acocella; Marco Neri; Falk Amelung

2005-01-01

61

Feedback processes between magmatic events and flank movement at Mount Etna (Italy) during the 2002-2003 eruption  

Microsoft Academic Search

The 2002-2003 Mount Etna eruption and the associated deformation provide a unique possibility to study the relationships between volcanism and volcano instability. The sequence started with movement of the eastern volcano flank and was associated with earthquakes and the formation of surface ruptures. Then the eruption occurred from fissures at the north and south rift zones and was followed by

Thomas R. Walter; Valerio Acocella; Marco Neri; Falk Amelung

2005-01-01

62

Preparing for a career in oral and maxillofacial surgery: a survey of dentists at medical schools.  

PubMed

A questionnaire was sent to the 112 dental graduates who were doing a second degree in medicine in the United Kingdom (UK) in the academic year 2002-2003. Seventy-four students replied. The most common time from graduating from dental school to returning to medical school was 36 months. Of the 74 respondents 50 (68%) wrote that they intended to return to oral and maxillofacial surgery. PMID:15908069

MacIver, C; Chiu, G A

2005-12-01

63

Involving the principal in literacy programs: Relationships between leadership and student achievement in schools of excellence  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined the daily lives and behaviors of 3 elementary school principals who led schools where the standardized literacy (i.e., reading, listening and writing) scores of students had risen for 3 consecutive academic years, 2001--2002, 2002--2003, and 2003--2004. This study looked at the leadership styles, skills, priorities, and practices of the 3 principals relative to their involvement in the

Mary Negron Rivera

2006-01-01

64

Transition to High School: School "Choice" & Freshman Year in Philadelphia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The School District of Philadelphia's tiered system of selective, nonselective, and charter high schools, and the process for high school choice, has created real variation in the degree to which high schools can successfully meet the needs of ninth graders. Research has shown that the ninth grade year is critical in determining a student's…

Gold, Eva; Evans, Shani Adia; Haxton, Clarisse; Maluk, Holly; Mitchell, Cecily; Simon, Elaine; Good, Deborah

2010-01-01

65

25 CFR 39.207 - How does OIEP determine a school's funding for the school year?  

... How does OIEP determine a school's funding for the school year? 39.207 Section... How does OIEP determine a school's funding for the school year? To determine a school's funding for the school year, OIEP uses the...

2014-04-01

66

The role of the Pernicana Fault System in the spreading of Mt. Etna (Italy) during the 2002–2003 eruption  

Microsoft Academic Search

Flank instability and collapse are observed at many volcanoes. Among these, Mt. Etna is characterized by the spreading of its eastern and southern flanks. The eastern spreading area is bordered to the north by the E–W-trending Pernicana Fault System (PFS). During the 2002–2003 Etna eruption, ground fracturing along the PFS migrated eastward from the NE Rift, to as far as

Marco Neri; Valerio Acocella; Boris Behncke

2004-01-01

67

Crustal changes at Mt. Etna volcano accompanying the 2002-2003 eruption as inferred from a repeating earthquake analysis  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this work, waveform variations in repeating volcano-tectonic earthquakes occurring from 2001-2009 in the north-eastern flank of Mt. Etna were studied. Changes in waveform were found mainly during 2002-2003 and consisted of a decreasing similarity in the coda of events in earthquake families, as revealed by cross-correlation analysis, and delays, increasing proportionally to the lapse time, detected by coda wave interferometry. Such variations, mainly evident at stations located in the north-eastern flank of the volcano, were likely due to medium changes taking place within this region. Localized medium velocity decreases were inferred to occur in 2002-2003, followed by successive increases. The velocity decrease was interpreted as being caused by the opening or enlargement of cracks, produced by intruding magma bodies, intense ground deformation, and/or VT earthquake activity that accompanied the 2002-2003 Mt. Etna eruption. On the other hand, subsequent velocity increases were interpreted as resulting from healing processes.

Cannata, Andrea

2012-09-01

68

Teaching in a Year-Round School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Year-round scheduling may be one way your school district will be dealing flexibly with future enrollment and population shifts and changing life styles. Discusses the pros and cons of the system being used in Colorado Springs. Currently 28 states offer year-round learning opportunities involving more than 600 schools. (Author/RK)

Yaffe, Elaine

1978-01-01

69

GeneralBulletin 2002-2003 College of Arts and Sciences  

E-print Network

School of Criminology and Criminal Justice College of Education FAMU--FSU College of Engineering College, Television, and Recording Arts School of Music School of Nursing College of Social Sciences School of Social

Hull, Elaine

70

School of Mines Graduate Bulletin  

E-print Network

.........................................................5 International Student Services .............................5 INTERLINK Language Center (ESL .................................9 Health Record and Additional Steps ....................9 International StudentsColorado School of Mines 2002-2003 Graduate Bulletin To CSM Graduate Students This Bulletin

71

Personal standards and evaluative concerns dimensions of “clinical” perfectionism: A reply to Shafran et al. (2002, 2003) and Hewitt et al. (2003)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Shafran, Cooper, and Fairburn (2002, 2003) provided a cognitive-behavioral analysis of “clinical” perfectionism, a construct they considered to involve both the determined pursuit of self-imposed standards and extremely vulnerable self-evaluation. They argued against a multidimensional perspective to studying perfectionism. We respond to Shafran et al. (2002, 2003) and Hewitt, Flett, Besser, Sherry, and McGee's (2003) reply to Shafran et al.

David M. Dunkley; Kirk R. Blankstein; Robin M. Masheb; Carlos M. Grilo

2006-01-01

72

Cochlear Implanted Pupils in Scottish Schools: 4-Year School Attainment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Achievements of Deaf Pupils in Scotland (ADPS) project has been tracking the educational attainment of deaf pupils in Scotland's schools since 2000. At the time of writing, the database contains records for 1,752 deaf pupils (2000--2005). Here 4-year aggregate educational attainment data are reported for a subset of 152 school-aged deaf pupils…

Thoutenhoofd, Ernst

2006-01-01

73

Federal Student Aid Handbook, 2002-2003. Volume 4: Campus-Based Common Provisions.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Federal Perkins Loan, Federal Supplemental Educational Opportunity Grant (FSEOG), and Federal Work-Study (FWS) programs are called "campus-based" programs because each school is responsible for administering them on its own campus. A school applies for and receives funds from the U.S. Department of Education, and the school's financial aid…

Office of Federal Student Aid (ED), Washington, DC.

74

Trends in spending on eating away from home in Brazil, 2002-2003 to 2008-2009.  

PubMed

The study aims to describe trends in food consumption away from home in Brazil from 2002-2003 to 2008-2009 and to analyze the influence of income on this behavior. The authors used data collected by the Household Budget Surveys conducted by the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics (IBGE) in 2002-2003 and 2008-2009. The information analyzed in this study involves records of food and beverage purchases for consumption away from home. Trends in eating away from home were estimated for the total population and according to demographic and economic strata. The association between the share of food consumed away from home and income was studied using regression models to estimate income elasticity coefficients. The share of eating away from home increased 25% during the period, reaching 28% of total spending on food. Each 10% increase in mean per capita income leads to a 3.5% increase in the share of food consumed away from home. This suggests that income growth will result in future increases in the share of eating away from home. PMID:25166939

Claro, Rafael Moreira; Baraldi, Larissa Galastri; Martins, Ana Paula Bortoletto; Bandoni, Daniel Henrique; Levy, Renata Bertazzi

2014-07-01

75

Amphipod prey of gray whales in the northern Bering Sea: Comparison of biomass and distribution between the 1980s and 2002 2003  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The ampeliscid amphipod community in the Chirikov Basin of the northern Bering Sea was a focus of study during the 1980s because they were a major food for the Eastern North Pacific (ENP) population of gray whales Eschrichtius robustus. Information from the 1980s benthic investigations, published accounts of ENP gray whale population trends and the occurrence in 1999-2000 of an unusual number of gray whale mortalities prompted concern that the whale population may have exceeded the carrying capacity of its food base. Therefore, during two cruises per year between June and September, 2002 and 2003, we resampled the 20 stations occupied during the 1980s, to determine if there had been any significant changes in ampeliscid abundance and biomass. During 2002-2003, average ampeliscid dry weight biomass was about 28±10 g m -2 (95% confidence interval), a decline of nearly 50% from maximum values in the 1980s. Amphipod length measurements indicated that the declines were due mainly to the absence of the larger animals (20-30 mm length). Two hypotheses were considered regarding the amphipod declines: gray whale predation and climate. Ampeliscid production (105 kcal m -2 yr -1) and gray whale energy requirements (1.6×10 8 kcal individual -1 yr -1) indicated that as little as 3-6% of the current estimate of the ENP gray whale population could remove 10-20% of the annual ampeliscid production from the study site in 2002-2003, a finding consistent with the hypothesis that top-down control by foraging whales was the primary cause of the observed declines. A 10-yr time series of temperature near the bottom in the Bering Strait and northward transport did not reveal a consistent trend between 1990 and 2001, suggesting that climate influences were not the major cause of the observed declines. Arctic ampeliscids have slow growth rates and long generation times; therefore the ampeliscid community may require decades to recover to densities observed in the 1980s. Predicted warming trends in the northern Bering Sea could impact ampeliscid recovery by lowering primary production or altering the community composition of the benthos.

Coyle, Kenneth O.; Bluhm, Bodil; Konar, Brenda; Blanchard, Arny; Highsmith, Raymond C.

2007-11-01

76

Reliability of Adult Self-Reported Smoking History: Data from the Tobacco Use Supplement to the Current Population Survey 2002-2003 Cohort  

PubMed Central

Introduction: This study examined the reliability of self-reported smoking history measures. The key measures of interest were time since completely quitting smoking among former smokers; age at which fairly regular smoking was initiated among former and current smokers; the number of cigarettes smoked per day and the number of years of daily smoking among former smokers; and never smoking. Another goal was to examine sociodemographic factors and interview method as potential predictors of the odds of strict agreement in responses. Methods: Data from the 2002–2003 Tobacco Use Supplement to the Current Population Survey were examined. Descriptive analysis was performed to detect discrepant data patterns, and intraclass and Pearson correlations and kappa coefficients were used to assess reporting consistency over the 12-month interval. Multiple logistic regression models with replicate weights were built and fitted to identify factors influencing the logit of agreement for each measure of interest. Results: All measures revealed at least moderate levels of overall agreement. However, upon closer examination, a few measures also showed some considerable differences in absolute value. The highest percentage of these differences was observed for former smokers’ reports of the number of years smoking every day. Conclusions: Overall, the data suggest that self-reported smoking history characteristics are reliable. The logit of agreement over a 12-month period is shown to depend on a few sociodemographic characteristics as well as their interactions with each other and with interview method. PMID:22318688

Hartman, Anne M.; Liu, Benmei; Willis, Gordon B.; Augustine, Steve

2012-01-01

77

Research on Captive Broodstock Programs for Pacific Salmon; Assessment of Captive Broodstock Technologies, Annual Report 2002-2003.  

SciTech Connect

The success of captive broodstock programs depends on high in-culture survival, appropriate development of the reproductive system, and the behavior and survival of cultured salmon after release, either as adults or juveniles. Continuing captive broodstock research designed to improve technology is being conducted to cover all major life history stages of Pacific salmon. Current velocity in rearing vessels had little if any effect on reproductive behavior of captively reared steelhead. However, males and females reared in high velocity vessels participated a greater number of spawning events than siblings reared in low velocity tanks. Observations of nesting females and associated males in a natural stream (Hamma Hamma River) were consistent with those observed in a controlled spawning channel. DNA pedigree analyses did not reveal significant differences in the numbers of fry produced by steelhead reared in high and low velocity vessels. To determine the critical period(s) for imprinting for sockeye salmon, juvenile salmon are being exposed to known odorants at key developmental stages. Subsequently they will be tested for development of long-term memories of these odorants. In 2002-2003, the efficacy of EOG analysis for assessing imprinting was demonstrated and will be applied in these and other behavioral and molecular tools in the current work plan. Results of these experiments will be important to determine the critical periods for imprinting for the offspring of captively-reared fish destined for release into natal rivers or lakes. By early August, the oocytes of all of Rapid River Hatchery chinook salmon females returning from the ocean had advanced to the tertiary yolk globule stage; whereas, only some of the captively reared Lemhi River females sampled had advanced to this stage, and the degree of advancement was not dependent on rearing temperature. The mean spawning time of captive Lemhi River females was 3-4 weeks after that of the Rapid River fish. Captive Lemhi River females produced smaller and fewer eggs than the Rapid River females; however, relative fecundity was higher than that of the Rapid River fish. Female coho salmon that ceased or slowed oocyte development in the spring had lower body growth from the previous August onward compared with females that continued oocyte growth. This indicates that growth during the late summer and fall, one year prior to spawning, can determine the decision to mature the following spring. Therefore it is important to maintain the growth of broodstock during the summer/fall period to ensure the continuation of ovary development in the subsequent spring. A combined whole cell vaccine of Renogen with killed R. salmoninarum strain MT239 may be effective in reducing the occurrence of BKD during the period immediately after seawater transfer, but not in yearling seawater-adapted chinook salmon. Control of BKD is likely to require an integrated disease management plan, utilizing three components, namely broodstock segregation, antibiotics, and vaccination. Vaccine results incorporated with antibiotic treatment will be used to work toward an integrated disease management plan to help to reduce the cycle of BKD transmission in the captive stocks to increase survival safely. Patterns of estimated survival in one chinook salmon stock (Grovers Creek) were generally consistent with inbreeding depression: progeny of fish that were full siblings (approximate increment in F of 0.25) survived to return at much lower rates than did progeny of fish that were half siblings (F {approx} 0.125) or unrelated individuals (F {approx} 0). Growth at sea of Grovers Creek Hatchery stock study fish was lower than that of UWH stock fish. Among the inbreeding groups alone, no clear differences in growth were detectable. However, preliminary results suggest the general pattern of growth was opposite that expected if inbreeding depression reduced growth: the highest growth was in progeny of related parents.

Berejikian, Barry

2004-01-01

78

Federal Student aid Handbook, 2002-2003. Volume 6: Federal Work-Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Federal Work-Study (FWS) Program allows undergraduate and graduate students to work part-time to help pay for the cost of their education. Schools must use 75% of their FSW Program funds to compensate students employed in community service jobs. This volume describes the ways schools are required to use money from FSW program funds to…

Office of Federal Student Aid (ED), Washington, DC.

79

Thin ice thickness distribution and ice production in the Storfjorden Polynya for 2002/2003 - 2011/2012 using MODIS thermal infrared imagery  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Spatial and temporal characteristics of the Storfjorden polynya, which forms regularly in the proximity of the islands Spitsbergen, Barentsřya and Edgeřya in the Svalbard archipelago under the influence of strong north-easterly winds, have been investigated for the period 2002/2003 to 2011/2012 using thermal infrared satellite imagery. Thin ice thicknesses were calculated from MODIS ice surface temperatures, combined with ECMWF ERA-Interim reanalysis atmospheric data in an energy balance model. Based on calculated thin ice thicknesses, associated quantities like polynya area and total ice production were derived and compared to previous remote sensing and modelling studies. It appears that the sea ice in the Storfjorden area shows signs of a delayed fall freeze-up over the 10 year-period, with an increasing frequency of large polynya events until the end of December. Average ice production in the fjord is estimated with 19.9 ± 3.9 kmł and is therefore slightly lower compared to previously calculated values by other authors. Nevertheless it underlines the importance of this relatively small coastal polynya system considering its contribution to the cold halocline layer through salt release during ice formation processes. Application of a simple cloud coverage-correction scheme yielded reasonable adjustments for the polynya area and accumulated ice production, while some open questions originating from inherent cloud effects and the applied parametrizations in the polynya area retrieval have to be addressed in future studies.

Preußer, Andreas; Willmes, Sascha; Heinemann, Günther

2014-05-01

80

Assess Current and Potential Salmonid Production in Rattlesnake Creek Associated with Restoration Efforts; Underwood Conservation District, Annual Report 2002-2003.  

SciTech Connect

This project addresses existing habitat conditions, fish population status, and restoration priority sites within the Rattlesnake Creek watershed, a sub-basin of the White Salmon River. Our partners in this project are the United States Geological Service (USGS), and the Yakama Indian Nation (YIN). Underwood Conservation District (UCD) is involved in the project via accomplishment of water quality monitoring, sampling for stable isotopes, and characterization of the watershed geomorphology. These work items are part of an effort to characterize the stream and riparian habitat conditions in Rattlesnake Creek, to help guide habitat and fish restoration work. Water chemistry and temperature information is being collected both on Rattlesnake Creek, and on other tributaries and the main stem of the White Salmon River. Information on the entire system enables us to compare results obtained from Rattlesnake Creek with the rest of the White Salmon system. Water chemistry and temperature data have been collected in a manner that is comparable with data gathered in previous years. The results from data gathered in the 2001-2002 performance period are reported in appendix A at the end of this 2002-2003 report. Additional work being conducted as part of this study includes; an estimate of salmonid population abundance (YIN and USGS); a determination of fish species composition, distribution, and life history (YIN and USGS), and a determination of existing kinds, distribution, and severity of fish diseases (YIN and USGS). The overall objective is to utilize the above information to prioritize restoration efforts in Rattlesnake Creek.

White, Jim

2004-02-01

81

The Business Schools: 50 Years on  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: This paper aims to offer a critique of the development of university business schools over the last 50 years and provide a perspective on the occasion of the 50th anniversary of the publication of the journal Education + Training. Design/methodology/approach: The approach is critical and reflexive, reviewing the historical growth of…

Clarke, Thomas

2008-01-01

82

The School Year that Changed a Nation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

On September 4, 1957, 16-year-old Minnijean Brown headed off to her new school, Central High in Little Rock, Ark. She and eight other black youths were slated to become the first African Americans to attend all-white Central High. When they arrived that morning, the "Little Rock Nine," as they would become known, were greeted, not by teachers or…

Teaching Tolerance, 2007

2007-01-01

83

School / Program 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 Weinberg School of Arts and Sciences  

E-print Network

-- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- 9 Learning Disabilities 10 15 11 13 12 11 16 13 8 8 Media, Technology & Society -- -- 2 Research -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- 10 13 Healthcare Quality & Patient Safety MD/MS -- -- -- -- 1 -- -- -- -- 1 Healthcare Quality & Patient Safety MS -- -- -- -- 4 15 16 17 8 11 Medical Humanities & Bioethics

84

Understanding shallow magma emplacement at volcanoes: Orthogonal feeder dikes during the 2002-2003 Stromboli (Italy) eruption  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Understanding how shallow magma is emplaced within volcanoes is crucial for hazard assessment. The 2002-2003 Stromboli eruption provides the opportunity to investigate shallow magma emplacement resulting from orthogonal feeder dikes and its possible effects. Stromboli erupted in 2002-2003, when effusive activity replaced Strombolian activity. On December 28, a NE-SW fissure propagated from the lava-filled northernmost summit crater. On December 29, a NW-SE fissure propagated north of the craters, feeding NW-SE aligned vents. On December 30, this area collapsed, reaching the sea and generating a tsunami. In mid February 2003, the NW-SE fissure became inactive, while the NE-SW effusive fissure continued until July. A model for shallow magma emplacement is proposed. The lateral propagation of a NE-SW dike from the northernmost crater was triggered. Below, a NW-SE dike, propagating from the magma-filled NE tip of the NE-SW elongated conduit, fed the NW-SE aligned vents. In February, the conduit periphery became solidified, freezing the NW-SE dike, and the transport of magma was limited to the central part, focusing its rise below the craters. This fed the NE-SW fissure until the supply decreased further (July), returning to the ordinary level sustaining Strombolian activity. Orthogonal dike emplacement followed the trajectories of the maximum (gravitational) stress ?1, partly controlled by the irregular topography of the uppermost edifice. The emplacement of orthogonal dikes in a limited area is feasible at non-perfectly conical active volcanoes, where the maximum gravitational stress may show variations from a purely radial path.

Acocella, V.; Neri, M.; Scarlato, P.

2006-09-01

85

Vaccine Effectiveness During a Varicella Outbreak Among Schoolchildren: Utah, 2002-2003  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objectives. In the context of a chicken- pox outbreak involving 2 Utah elementary schools, we conducted an investigation to assess vaccine effective- ness, describe illness severity, and examine risk factors for breakthrough varicella (ie, varicella in those who have been vaccinated). Methods. All parents were asked to complete a ques- tionnaire about their child's medical history. Parents of children with

Maryam B. Haddad; Mary B. Hill; Andrew T. Pavia; Caroline E. Green; Aisha O. Jumaan; Anindya K. De; Robert T. Rolfs

2010-01-01

86

UNIVERSITY OF SOUTH FLORIDA -2002/2003 UNDERGRADUATE CATALOG About USF 9  

E-print Network

, Anyplace" Learning 64 Applying for Admission 13 ARCHITECTURE AND COMMUNITY DESIGN 70 Army Reserve Officer Engineering, Certificate in 163 BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION, COLLEGE OF 128 BUSINESS AND OFFICE EDUCA- TION 137 C, Department of 139 Chiropractic School, Specific Re- quirements for 79 CIVIL AND ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING 153

Lajeunesse, Marc J.

87

COLLEGE OF PUBLIC HEALTH UNIVERSITY OF SOUTH FLORIDA -2002/2003 UNDERGRADUATE CATALOG  

E-print Network

cost- effective ways to keep health care costs down while assuring quality. Career opportunities students who are seeking a career in public health can select to major in a broad range of Bachelor degree's degree in public health prior to application or admission to medical schools or as an alternative

Lajeunesse, Marc J.

88

Immigration and Generational Trends in Body Mass Index and Obesity in the United States: Results of the National Latino and Asian American Survey, 2002-2003  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objectives. We examined patterns of body mass index (BMI) and obesity among a nationally representative sample of first-, second-, and third-generation Latinos and Asian Americans to reveal associations with nativity or country of origin. Methods. We used data from the National Latino and Asian American Survey (2002-2003) to generate nationally representative estimates of mean BMI and obe- sity prevalence and

Lisa M. Bates; Dolores Acevedo-Garcia; Margarita Alegría; Nancy Krieger

2008-01-01

89

Factors associated with underutilization of antenatal care services in Indonesia: results of Indonesia Demographic and Health Survey 2002\\/2003 and 2007  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Antenatal care aims to prevent maternal and perinatal mortality and morbidity. In Indonesia, at least four antenatal visits are recommended during pregnancy. However, this service has been underutilized. This study aimed to examine factors associated with underutilization of antenatal care services in Indonesia. METHODS: We used data from Indonesia Demographic and Health Survey (IDHS) 2002\\/2003 and 2007. Information of

Christiana R Titaley; Michael J Dibley; Christine L Roberts

2010-01-01

90

Dropout and Migration Statistics: District of Columbia Public Schools. School Year 1992-93.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The annual dropout and migration statistics report of the District of Columbia public schools reflects the guidelines, definitions, and tracking procedures of the District schools. School year 1992-93 was the fourth year of implementation of this project in the D.C. public schools. In school year 1992-93 the total number of dropouts was 2,499,…

District of Columbia Public Schools, Washington, DC. Research Branch.

91

Reaching Year 12 in Victoria, Australia: Student and School Influences  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines student and school influences on reaching Year 12, the final year of schooling in Victoria, Australia. It analyses data from the population of students who were in Year 9 in 2008. Male, English-speaking background, government school, and especially Indigenous students were less likely to reach Year 12 than comparison groups.…

Marks, Gary

2014-01-01

92

STATE OF THE BANGLADESH ECONOMY IN FY 2002-2003 - A MACROECONOMIC OVERVIEW  

Microsoft Academic Search

At the beginning of the fiscal year 2001-2002 (FY02), the Centre for Policy Dialogue (CPD), in its annual Independent Review of Bangladesh's Development (IRBD), benchmarking the initial conditions of the economy observed that \\

Debapriya Bhattacharya

93

Clinical investigation on influenza in pediatric clinics during 2002–2003 influenza season in Fukuoka, Japan  

Microsoft Academic Search

Four pediatric clinics in Fukuoka, Japan, collected 822 cases of nasopharyngeal specimens from patients with influenza-like symptoms from 1 October 2002 to 31 March 2003. Age distribution of these cases was 6 months to 15 years old and mean age was 5.98 years old. Two hundred seventy-eight cases were positive for influenza type A(H3N2) and 176 cases for type B.

Shizuo Shindo; Kyoko Shibao; Yuji Yamashita; Yoshio Takasaki; Hidekazu Nishimura; Tetsuzo Fukuda; Midori Sakurai

2004-01-01

94

Perceptions of Teachers in Their First Year of School Restructuring: Failure to Make Adequate Yearly Progress  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The 2007-2008 school year marked the first year Florida's Title I schools that did not made Adequate Yearly Progress (AYP) for five consecutive years entered into restructuring as mandated by the "No Child Left Behind Act" of 2001. My study examines the perceptions of teacher entering into their first year of school restructuring due to failure to…

Moser, Sharon

2010-01-01

95

Broad-Band Observation of Volcanic Signals Associated to the 2002-2003 Mt. Etna Eruption  

Microsoft Academic Search

One of Mt. Etna's most important eruptive events of the last 30 years started in late October 2002. This activity has been characterized by an unusual eruptive style, with lava flows emitted from several vents located along a complex fracture system affecting both the N and S flanks of the volcano. Additional occurrences included frequent and powerful strombolian explosions, often

L. Zuccarello; D. Galluzzo; M. La Rocca; F. Ferrari; D. Patané; G. Saccorotti; E. del Pezzo

2003-01-01

96

The Vital Link to a Brighter Future. 2002-2003 Viewbook.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This viewbook describes the North Dakota University System (NDUS) to help students who may be considering enrolling. With five colleges and six universities, the NDUS has a campus that is a good fit for almost every student. From 1-year technical and vocational programs to professional degrees in law, medicine, and pharmacy, the NDUS will help…

North Dakota Univ. System, Bismarck.

97

A Tale of Two Connecticuts: 2002-2003 Kids Count Data Book.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This Kids Count Data book details trends in the well-being of Connecticut's children. The statistical portrait is based on 23 indicators in the areas of demographics, security, health, education, and safety. This year's new format presents the data at the county and town levels, covering 169 municipalities and 8 counties. The data book begins with…

Osuch, Donna S.; Horan, James P.

98

Early Childhood CARES Excited for 2013-2014 School Year  

E-print Network

Early Childhood CARES Excited for 2013-2014 School Year Early Childhood CARES returned from its summer break with its motors tuned and ready to roll for the 2013-2014 school year! Early Childhood CARES on these accomplishments in the new school year. Among its many accomplishments: · Early Childhood CARES served more

99

Close temporal correspondence between geomagnetic anomalies and earthquakes during the 2002-2003 eruption of Etna volcano  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The early stages of the 2002-2003 lateral eruption at Mount Etna were accompanied by slow changes (over some hours) and some rapid step offsets in the local magnetic field. At five monitoring locations, the total magnetic field intensity has been measured using continuously operating Overhauser magnetometers at a sampling rate of 10 s. The very unique aspect of these observations is the close temporal correspondence between magnetic field offsets and earthquakes that occurred in the upper northern flank of the volcano on 27 October 2002 prior to a primary eruption. Rapid coseismic changes of the magnetic field were clearly identified for three of the most energetic earthquakes, which were concentrated along the Northeast Rift at a depth of about 1 km below sea level. Coseismic magnetic signals, with amplitudes from 0.5 to 2.5 nT, have been detected for three of the largest seismic events located roughly midway between the magnetic stations. We quantitatively examine possible geophysical mechanisms, which could cause the magnetic anomalies. The comparison between magnetic data, seismicity and surface phenomena implies that piezomagnetic effects are the primary physical mechanism responsible for the observed magnetic anomalies although the detailed cause of the rapid high stress change required is not clear. The modeling of the observed coseismic magnetic changes in terms of piezomagnetic mechanism provides further evidence of the complex interaction between volcanic and tectonic processes during dike propagation along the Northeast Rift. Copyright 2007 by the American Geophysical Union.

Currenti, G.; Del, Negro, C.; Johnston, M.; Sasai, Y.

2007-01-01

100

Lake Roosevelt Volunteer Net Pens, Lake Roosevelt Rainbow Trout Net Pens, 2002-2003 Annual Report.  

SciTech Connect

The completion of Grand Coulee Dam for power production, flood control, and irrigation resulted in the creation of a blocked area above the dam and in the loss of anadromous fish. Because of lake level fluctuations required to meet the demands for water release or storage, native or indigenous fish were often threatened. For many years very little effort was given to stocking the waters above the dam. However, studies by fish biologists showed that there was a good food base capable of supporting rainbow and kokanee (Gangmark and Fulton 1949, Jagielo 1984, Scholz etal 1986, Peone etal 1990). Further studies indicated that artificial production might be a way of restoring or enhancing the fishery. In the 1980's volunteers experimented with net pens. The method involved putting fingerlings in net pens in the fall and rearing them into early summer before release. The result was an excellent harvest of healthy fish. The use of net pens to hold the fingerlings for approximately nine months appears to reduce predation and the possibility of entrainment during draw down and to relieve the hatcheries to open up available raceways for future production. The volunteer net pen program grew for a few years but raising funds to maintain the pens and purchase food became more and more difficult. In 1995 the volunteer net pen project (LRDA) was awarded a grant through the Northwest Power Planning Council's artificial production provisions.

Smith, Gene

2003-11-01

101

Oxbow Conservation Area; Middle Fork John Day River, Annual Report 2002-2003.  

SciTech Connect

In early 2001, the Confederated Tribes of Warm Springs, through their John Day Basin Office, concluded the acquisition of the Oxbow Ranch, now know as the Oxbow Conservation Area (OCA). Under a memorandum of agreement with the Bonneville Power Administration (BPA), the Tribes are required to provided BPA an 'annual written report generally describing the real property interests in the Project, HEP analyses undertaken or in progress, and management activities undertaken or in progress'. The 2002 contract period was well funded and the second year of the project. A new manager started in April, allowing the previous manager to focus his efforts on the Forrest Ranch acquisition. However, the Oxbow Habitat manager's position was vacant from October through mid February of 2003. During this time, much progress, mainly O&M, was at a minimum level. Many of the objectives were not completed during this contract due to both the size and duration needed to complete such activities (example: dredge mine tailings restoration project) or because budget crisis issues with BPA ending accrual carryover on the fiscal calendar. Although the property had been acquired a year earlier, there were numerous repairs and discoveries, which on a daily basis could pull personnel from making progress on objectives for the SOW, aside from O&M objectives. A lack of fencing on a portion of the property's boundary and deteriorating fences in other areas are some reasons much time was spent chasing trespassing cattle off of the property. The success of this property purchase can be seen on a daily basis. Water rights were used seldom in the summer of 2002, with minor irrigation water diverted from only Granite Boulder Creek. Riparian fences on the river, Ruby and Granite Boulder creeks help promote important vegetation to provide shade and bank stabilization. Trees planted in this and past years are growing and will someday provide cover fish and wildlife. Even grazing on the property was carefully managed to ensure the protection of fish and wildlife habitat. Monitoring of property populations, resources, and management activities continued in 2002 to build a database for future management of this and other properties in the region.

Cochran, Brian; Smith, Brent

2003-07-01

102

Hood River Monitoring and Evaluation Project, Annual Report 2002-2003.  

SciTech Connect

The Hood River Production Program Monitoring and Evaluation Project is co-managed by the Confederated Tribes of Warm Springs (CTWSRO) and the Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife. The program is divided up to share responsibilities, provide efficiency, and avoid duplication. From October 2002 to September 2003 (FY 03) project strategies were implemented to monitor, protect, and restore anadromous fish and fish habitat in the Hood River subbasin. A description of the progress during FY 03 is reported here. Additionally an independent review of the entire program was completed in 2003. The purpose of the review was to determine if project goals and actions were achieved, look at critical uncertainties for present and future actions, determine cost effectiveness, and choose remedies that would increase program success. There were some immediate changes to the implementation of the project, but the bulk of the recommendations will be realized in coming years.

Vaivoda, Alexis

2004-02-01

103

Wind River Watershed Restoration Project; Underwood Conservation District, Annual Report 2002-2003.  

SciTech Connect

The goal of the Wind River project is to preserve, protect and restore Wind River steelhead. In March, 1998, the National Marine Fisheries Service listed the steelhead of the lower Columbia as 'threatened' under the Endangered Species Act. In 1997, the Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife rated the status of the Wind River summer run steelhead as critical. Due to the status of this stock, the Wind River summer steelhead have the highest priority for recovery and restoration in the state of Washington's Lower Columbia Steelhead Conservation Initiative. The Wind River Project includes four cooperating agencies. Those are the Underwood Conservation District (UCD), United States Geological Service (USGS), US Forest Service (USFS), and Washington State Department of Fish & Wildlife (WDFW). Tasks include monitoring steelhead populations (USGS and WDFW), Coordinating a Watershed Committee and Technical Advisory Group (UCD), evaluating physical habitat conditions (USFS and UCD), assessing watershed health (all), reducing road sediments sources (USFS), rehabilitating riparian corridors, floodplains, and channel geometry (UCD, USFS), evaluate removal of Hemlock Dam (USFS), and promote local watershed stewardship (UCD, USFS). UCD's major efforts have included coordination of the Wind River Watershed Committee and Technical Advisory Committee (TAC), water temperature and water chemistry monitoring, riparian habitat improvement projects, and educational activities. Our coordination work enables the local Watershed Committee and TAC to function and provide essential input to Agencies, and our habitat improvement work focuses on riparian revegetation. Water chemistry and temperature data collection provide information for monitoring watershed conditions and fish habitat, and are comparable with data gathered in previous years. Water chemistry information collected on Trout Creek should, with 2 years data, determine whether pH levels make conditions favorable for a fish parasite, Heteropolaria lwoffi. Educational activities further the likelihood that future generations will continue to understand and enjoy the presence of native fish stocks in the Wind River basin.

White, Jim

2004-02-01

104

Students’ School Motivation and Aspiration Over High School Years  

Microsoft Academic Search

Students from a school in Hong Kong (n?=?199) responded to 22 items asking about their school motivation and aspirations in a survey. Structural equation models found four school motivation factors consistent with the task, effort, competition, and praise scales of the Inventory of School Motivation, one education aspiration factor, one career aspiration factor, and significant relations of the motivation factors

Alexander Seeshing Yeung; Dennis M. McInerney

2005-01-01

105

Understanding Environmental Literacy in America and Making It a Reality: Three-Year Report 2002/2003/2004  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research by the National Environmental Education & Training Foundation (NEETF) and Roper Public Affairs at NOP World tells that the average 12th grader (and by extension, the average adult) still falls far short of what would be considered "environmentally literate" by anyone's definition. Seemingly elementary questions elude most of the public:…

National Environmental Education & Training Foundation, 2005

2005-01-01

106

Reestablish Safe Access into Tributaries of the Yakima Subbasin, 2002-2003 Progress Report.  

SciTech Connect

''Safe Access'' work has concentrated on the lower portions of five drainages in the Upper Yakima Basin. Streams in the Kittitas Valley include Wilson Creek, Naneum and Little Naneum Creeks, Reecer and Currier Creeks, and Manastash Creek. Tucker Creek is tributary to the Yakima River near Easton, Washington to the northwest. For numerous reasons delays in project implementation have occurred. Unclear water rights have resulted in long delays; however, permitting delays, general landowner reluctance to commit to any deviation from past practices, and lengthy legal review have all been factors. Realistic work windows are short and do not coincide well with fiscal year planning and contract renewals. The following is a summary of the projects anticipated under ''Safe Access'' that the Yakama Nation thought would be funded by BPA via carry-forward/over monies. Preparatory work toward construction in '03 was done for projects in the Wilson, Naneum and Tucker Creek systems; feasibility studies were done in the Manastash and Reecer systems by Montgomery Watson Harza (MWH) relative to screening and passage options and associated costs.

Fraser, Hank (Yakama Nation Fisheries, Toppenish, WA)

2003-03-01

107

Walla Walla River Basin Fish Habitat Enhancement Project, 2002-2003 Annual Report.  

SciTech Connect

In 2002 and 2003, the Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation (CTUIR) Fisheries Habitat Program implemented stream habitat restoration and protection efforts on private properties in the Walla Walla River Basin with funding from Bonneville Power Administration (BPA). The objective of this effort is to protect and restore habitat critical to the recovery of weak or reintroduced populations of salmonid fish. The CTUIR has currently enrolled nine properties into this program: two on Couse Creek, two adjacent properties on Blue Creek, one on Patit Creek, and four properties on the mainstem Walla Walla River. Major accomplishments during the reporting period include the following: (1) Secured approximately $229,000 in project cost share; (2) Purchase of 46 acres on the mainstem Walla Walla River to be protected perpetually for native fish and wildlife; (3) Developed three new 15 year conservation easements with private landowners; (4) Installed 3000 feet of weed barrier tarp with new plantings within project area on the mainstem Walla Walla River; (5) Expanded easement area on Couse Creek to include an additional 0.5 miles of stream corridor and 32 acres of upland habitat; (6) Restored 12 acres on the mainstem Walla Walla River and 32 acres on Couse Creek to native perennial grasses; and (7) Installed 50,000+ new native plants/cuttings within project areas.

Volkman, Jed (Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation, Pendleton, OR)

2005-12-01

108

Graduate School Fellowship Award Year 2011-2012 Information Sheet  

E-print Network

Graduate School Fellowship Award Year 2011-2012 Information Sheet Description of Award tuition levels. General Eligibility Graduate School Fellowships are for full-time study only. No full Graduate School Fellows, or students who have been awarded a Graduate School Fellowship in the past

Saldin, Dilano

109

Free School Fruit--Sustained Effect 1 Year Later  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study reports the effect of a school-randomized fruit and vegetable intervention consisting of a subscription to the Norwegian School Fruit Programme at no parental cost, and the Fruit and Vegetables Make the Marks (FVMM) educational programme, both delivered in the school year of 2001-02. Nine randomly chosen schools received the…

Bere, E.; Veierod, M. B.; Bjelland, M.; Klepp, K.-I.

2006-01-01

110

School Transition from Year 6 to Year 7: A Focus on Mathematics  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Moving from primary school (Year 6) to the next stage in schooling (Year 7 intermediate or middle school) can provide challenges for students, teachers, and parents. A study was carried out to investigate these challenges with a focus on mathematics for 65 students from six different urban primary schools in New Zealand. Qualitative data were…

Bicknell, Brenda; Hunter, Roberta

2012-01-01

111

Kootenai River Fisheries Investigations; Rainbow and Bull Trout Recruitment, 2002-2003 Annual Report.  

SciTech Connect

Rainbow trout Oncorhynchus mykiss provide the most important sport fishery in the Kootenai River, Idaho, but densities and catch rates are low. Low recruitment is one possible factor limiting the rainbow trout population. Bull trout Salvelinus confluentus also exist in the Kootenai River, but little is known about this population. Research reported here addresses the following objectives for the Kootenai River, Idaho: increase rainbow trout recruitment, identify rainbow and bull trout spawning tributaries and migration timing, establish baseline data on bull trout redd numbers in tributaries, and improve the rainbow trout population size structure. Six adult rainbow trout were moved to spawning habitat upstream of a potential migration barrier on Caboose Creek, but numbers of redds and age-0 out-migrants did not appear to increase relative to a reference stream. Measurements taken on the Moyie River indicated the gradient is inadequate to deliver suitable flows to a proposed rainbow trout spawning channel. Summer water temperatures measured in the Deep Creek drainage sometimes exceeded 24 C, higher than those reported as suitable for rainbow trout. Radio-tagged rainbow trout were located in Boulder Creek during the spring spawning season, and bull trout were located in the Moyie River and O'Brien Creek, Montana in the fall. Bull trout spawning migration timing was related to increases in Kootenai River flows. Bull trout redd surveys documented 19 redds on Boulder Creek and North and South Callahan creeks. Fall 2002 electrofishing showed that the Kootenai River rainbow trout proportional stock density was 54, higher than prior years when more liberal fishing regulations were in effect. Boulder Creek produces the highest number of age-0 rainbow trout out-migrants upstream of Bonners Ferry, but the survival rate of these out-migrants upon reaching the Kootenai River is unknown. Determining juvenile survival rates and sources of mortality could aid management efforts to increase rainbow trout recruitment. North and South Callahan creeks support the largest spawning population of bull trout in the Kootenai River drainage, Idaho, so management of the watershed should consider bull trout as high priority.

Walters, Jody P.

2004-01-01

112

Umatilla River Fish Passage Operations Program, 2002-2003 Annual Report.  

SciTech Connect

Threemile Falls Dam (Threemile Dam), located near the town of Umatilla, is the major collection and counting point for adult salmonids returning to the Umatilla River. Returning salmon and steelhead were enumerated at Threemile Dam from August 17, 2002 to September 29, 2003. A total of 3,080 summer steelhead (Oncorhynchus mykiss); 1716 adult, 617 jack, and 1,709 subjack fall chinook (O. tshawytscha); 3,820 adult and 971 jack coho (O. kisutch); and 3,607 adult and 135 jack spring chinook (O. tshawytscha) were counted. All fish were enumerated at the east bank facility. Of the fish counted, 6 summer steelhead and 330 adult and 49 jack spring chinook were hauled upstream from Threemile Dam. There were 2,882 summer steelhead; 1161 adult, 509 jack and 1,546 subjack fall chinook; 3,704 adult and 915 jack coho; and 2,406 adult and 31 jack spring chinook either released at, or allowed to volitionally migrate past, Threemile Dam. Also, 109 summer steelhead; 532 adult and 32 jack fall chinook; and 560 adult and 28 jack spring chinook were collected for brood. In addition, 282 spring chinook were collected for the outplanting efforts in the Walla Walla Basin. The Westland Canal juvenile facility (Westland), located near the town of Echo at rivermile (RM) 27, is the major collection point for outmigrating juvenile salmonids and steelhead kelts. The canal was open for 159 days between January 27 and July 4, 2003. During that period, fish were bypassed back to the river 145 days and were trapped 11 days. An estimated 205 pounds of juvenile fish were transported from Westland to the Umatilla River boat ramp (RM 0.5). Approximately 82% of the juveniles transported were salmonids. No steelhead kelts were hauled from Westland this year. The Threemile Dam west bank juvenile bypass was opened on September 16, 2002. and continued until November 1, 2002. The bypass was reopened March 3, 2003 and ran until July 3, 2003. The juvenile trap was operated by the Umatilla Passage Evaluation Project.

Bronson, James P. (Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation, Department of Natural Resources, Pendleton, OR); Duke, Bill B. (Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife, Pendleton, OR)

2004-03-01

113

Resident Fish Stock Status above Chief Joseph and Grand Coulee Dams; 2002-2003 Annual Report.  

SciTech Connect

In 1980, the United States Congress enacted the Northwest Power Planning and Conservation Act (PL 96-501, 1980), which established the Northwest Power and Conservation Council (NPCC), formerly the Northwest Power Planning Council. The NPCC was directed by Congress to develop a regional Power Plan and also the Columbia River Basin Fish and Wildlife Program (FWP) to restore or replace losses of fish caused by construction and operation of hydroelectric dams in the Columbia River Basin. In developing the FWP, Congress specifically directed NPCC to solicit recommendations for measures to be included in the Program from the region's fish and wildlife agencies and Indian tribes. All measures adopted by the Council were also required to be consistent with the management objectives of the agencies and tribes [Section 4.(h)(6)(A)], the legal rights of Indian tribes in the region [Section 4.(h)(6)(D)] and be based upon and supported by the best available scientific knowledge [Section 4.(h)(6)(B)]. The Resident Fish Stock Status above Chief Joseph and Grand Coulee Dams Project, also known as the Joint Stock Assessment Project (JSAP) specifically addresses NPPC Council measure 10.8B.26 of the 1994 program. The Joint Stock Assessment Project is a management tool using ecosystem principles to manage artificial and native fish assemblages in altered environments existing in the Columbia River System above Chief Joseph and Grand Coulee Dams (Blocked Area). A three-phase approach of this project will enhance the fisheries resources of the Blocked Area by identifying data gaps, filling data gaps with research, and implementing management recommendations based on research results. The Blocked Area fisheries information is housed in a central location, allowing managers to view the entire system while making decisions, rather than basing management decisions on isolated portions of the system. The JSAP is designed and guided jointly by fisheries managers in the Blocked Area. The initial year of the project (1997) identified the need for a central data storage and analysis facility, coordination with the StreamNet project, compilation of Blocked Area fisheries information, and a report on the ecological condition of the Spokane River System. These needs were addressed in 1998 by acquiring a central location with a data storage and analysis system, coordinating a pilot project with StreamNet, compiling fisheries distribution data throughout the Blocked Area, identifying data gaps based on compiled information, and researching the ecological condition of the Spokane River. In order to ensure that any additional information collected throughout the life of this project will be easily stored and manipulated by the central storage facility, it was necessary to develop standardized methodologies between the JSAP fisheries managers. Common collection and analytical methodologies were developed in 1999. The project began addressing identified data gaps throughout the Blocked Area in 1999. Data collection of established projects and a variety of newly developed sampling projects are ongoing. Projects developed and undertaken by JSAP fisheries managers include investigations of the Pend Orielle River and its tributaries, the Little Spokane River and its tributaries, and water bodies within and near the Spokane Indian Reservation. Migration patterns of adfluvial and reservoir fish in Box Canyon Reservoir and its tributaries, a baseline assessment of Boundary Reservoir and its tributaries, ecological assessment of mountain lakes in Pend Oreille County, and assessments of streams and lakes on the Spokane Indian Reservation were completed by 2001. Assessments of the Little Spokane River and its tributaries, Spokane River below Spokane Falls, tributaries to the Pend Oreille River, small lakes in Pend Oreille County, WA, and water bodies within and near the Spokane Indian Reservation were conducted in 2002 and 2003. This work was done in accordance with the scope of work approved by Bonneville Power Administration (BPA).

Connor, Jason M. (Kalispel Tribe of Indians, Usk, WA); McLellan, Jason G. (Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife); Butler, Chris (Spokane Tribe of Indians, Wellpinit, WA)

2006-02-01

114

Lake Roosevelt Rainbow Trout Habitat/Passage Improvement Project, Annual Report 2002-2003.  

SciTech Connect

The construction of Chief Joseph and Grand Coulee Dams completely and irrevocably blocked anadromous fish migrations to the Upper Columbia River. Historically this area hosted vast numbers of salmon returning to their natal waters to reproduce and die. For the native peoples of the region, salmon and steelhead were a principle food source, providing physical nourishment and spiritual sustenance, and contributing to the religious practices and the cultural basis of tribal communities. The decaying remains of spawned-out salmon carcasses contributed untold amounts of nutrients into the aquatic, aerial, and terrestrial ecosystems of tributary habitats in the upper basin. Near the present site of Kettle Falls, Washington, the second largest Indian fishery in the state existed for thousands of years. Returning salmon were caught in nets and baskets or speared on their migration to the headwater of the Columbia River in British Columbia. Catch estimates at Kettle Falls range from 600,000 in 1940 to two (2) million around the turn of the century (UCUT, Report No.2). The loss of anadromous fish limited the opportunities for fisheries management and enhancement exclusively to those actions addressed to resident fish. The Lake Roosevelt Rainbow Trout Habitat/Passage Improvement Project is a mitigation project intended to enhance resident fish populations and to partially mitigate for anadromous fish losses caused by hydropower system impacts. This substitution of resident fish for anadromous fish losses is considered in-place and out-of-kind mitigation. Upstream migration and passage barriers limit the amount of spawning and rearing habitat that might otherwise be utilized by rainbow trout. The results of even limited stream surveys and habitat inventories indicated that a potential for increased natural production exists. However, the lack of any comprehensive enhancement measures prompted the Upper Columbia United Tribes Fisheries Center (UCUT), Colville Confederated Tribes (CCT), Spokane Tribe of Indians (STI) and Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife (WDFW) to develop and propose a comprehensive fishery management plan for Lake Roosevelt. The Rainbow Trout Habitat/Passage Improvement Project (LRHIP) was designed with goals directed towards increasing natural production while maintaining genetic integrity among current tributary stocks. The initial phase of the Lake Roosevelt Habitat Improvement Project (Phase I, baseline data collection: 1990-91) was focused on the assessment of limiting factors, including the quality and quantity of available spawning gravel, identification of passage barriers, and assessment of other constraints. After the initial assessment of stream parameters, five streams meeting specific criteria were selected for habitat/passage improvement projects (Phase II, implementation -1992-1995). Four of these projects were on the Colville Indian Reservation South Nanamkin, North Nanamkin, Louie and Iron Creeks and one Blue Creek was on the Spokane Indian Reservation. At the completion of project habitat improvements, the final phase (Phase III, monitoring-1996-2000) began. This phase assessed the changes and determined the success achieved through the improvements. Data analysis showed that passage improvements are successful for increasing habitat availability and use. The results of in-stream habitat improvements were inconclusive. Project streams, to the last monitoring date, have shown increases in fish density following implementation of the improvements. In 2000 Bridge Creek, on the Colville Reservation was selected for the next phase of improvements. Data collection, including baseline stream survey and population data collection, was carried out during 2001 in preparation for the design and implementation of stream habitat/passage improvements. Agencies cooperating on the project include the Colville Confederated Tribes (CCT), Natural Resource Conservation Service (NRCS, Ferry County District), Ferry County Conservation District, and Ferry County. The Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) provided

Sears, Sheryl

2004-01-01

115

Preplanning to Close Out the School Year Safely  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article focuses on how to prepare and plan for a safe and secure environment for students and staff at the end of a school year or during the summer months. Every individual who works in a school approaches the month of May and the subsequent end-of-school-year tasks with mixed feelings of stress and relief. Although preparations for ensuring…

Brunner, Judy; Lewis, Dennis

2005-01-01

116

Geochemical monitoring of the 2002–2003 eruption at Stromboli volcano (Italy): precursory changes in the carbon and helium isotopic composition of fumarole gases and thermal waters  

Microsoft Academic Search

Significant changes in the helium and carbon isotopic composition of shallow thermal waters vs. gas and a crater fumarolic gas have been recorded at Stromboli prior and during the 2002–2003 eruption. The3He\\/4He ratios corrected for air contamination (Rc\\/Ra), and ?13C of fumarolic gases gradually increased from May to November 2002 before the eruption onset. These variations imply early degassing of

G. Capasso; M. L. Carapezza; C. Federico; S. Inguaggiato; A. Rizzo

2005-01-01

117

Redistribution of static stress, induced by the 2002-2003 Etna eruption, triggers seismic activity: a viscoelastic numerical model  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The principal aim of this study is the investigation of the relationship between the push of the dike-forming magmatic intrusions and the faulting process in terms of earthquakes generation. A complete time-dependent 3D finite element model for the 2002-2003 eruption at Mount Etna is presented. The model, which takes into account the topography, medium heterogeneities and principal fault systems, is developed in a viscoelastic environment by a generalized Maxwell rheological description. To investigate where fault slips were encouraged or not and consequently how earthquakes may have been triggered, we look at the Coulomb stress changes induced by the magma uprising, during the co-intrusive and post-intrusive periods, focusing on the area of Pernicana Fault and S. Venerina Fault, which have been reactivated during the studied eruption. The temporal variation of the Coulomb stress changes allows to know the time of maximum stress transfer and then to infer the areas where there is an higher probability of earthquake occurrence. Results show positive stress changes for Pernicana Fault in accordance to the time, location and depth of the 27th October 2002 Pernicana earthquakes (Mmax = 3.8). Moreover, the amount of Coulomb stress changes on S. Venerina Fault, as induced by dike-forming intrusions, is not enough to trigger the 29th October Santa Venerina earthquakes (Mmax = 4.4), two days after the start of the eruption. The necessary Coulomb stress changes value to trigger the 29th S. Venerina Fault earthquakes is instead reached if we consider them as aftershocks of the 27th October Pernicana biggest earthquake. Acknowledgments This work was supported by MED-SUV Project.

Pulvirenti, Fabio; Aloisi, Marco

2014-05-01

118

NCLENotes, 2002-2003.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

These two volumes of a newsletter on English as A Second Language (ESL) literacy education provide articles on: "Health Literacy: Recognizing its Importance in ESL Instruction" (Kate Singleton) and "English That Works" (Brigitte Marshall). Both volumes offer interviews (one with an ESL teacher and one with an author who write about ESL issues).…

Burt, Miriam, Ed.

2003-01-01

119

Descriptive Epidemiology of Collegiate Men's Soccer Injuries: National Collegiate Athletic Association Injury Surveillance System, 1988-1989 Through 2002-2003  

PubMed Central

Objective: To review 15 years of National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) injury surveillance data for men's soccer and to identify potential areas for injury prevention initiatives. Background: The NCAA sanctioned its first men's soccer championship in 1959. Since then, the sport has grown to include more than 18?000 annual participants across 3 NCAA divisions. During the 15 years from 1988–1989 to 2002–2003, the NCAA Injury Surveillance System accumulated game and practice injury data for men's soccer across all 3 NCAA divisions. Main Results: The injury rate was 4 times higher in games compared with practices (18.75 versus 4.34 injuries per 1000 athlete-exposures, rate ratio = 4.3, 95% confidence interval = 4.2, 4.5), and preseason practices had a higher injury rate than in-season practices (7.98 versus 2.43 injuries per 1000 athlete-exposures, rate ratio = 3.3, 95% confidence interval = 3.1, 3.5). In both games and practices, more than two thirds of men's soccer injuries occurred to the lower extremities, followed by the head and neck in games and the trunk and back in practices. Although player-to-player contact was the primary cause of injury during games, most practice injuries occurred without direct contact to the injured body part. Ankle ligament sprains represented the most common injury during practices and games, whereas knee internal derangements were the most common type of severe injury (defined as 10+ days of time loss). Recommendations: Sprains, contusions, and strains of the lower extremities were the most common injuries in men's collegiate soccer, with player-to-player contact the primary injury mechanism during games. Preventive efforts should focus on the player-to-player contact that often leads to these injuries and greater enforcement of the rules that are in place to limit their frequency and severity. Emphasis also should be placed on addressing the high rate of first-time and recurrent ankle ligament sprains. PMID:17710176

Agel, Julie; Evans, Todd A; Dick, Randall; Putukian, Margot; Marshall, Stephen W

2007-01-01

120

Analysis of Verification Summary Data School Year 2008-2009  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report summarizes the results of the school year (SY) 2008-2009 review of applications approved for free or reduced-price benefits under the National School Lunch Program and School Breakfast Program. Local Educational Agencies (LEAs) selected nearly 279,000 applications for verification review from among 8.6 million applications approved for…

Ranalli, Dennis; Harper, Edward; Hirschman, Jay

2011-01-01

121

Children's School May 2011 Family Spotlight: A Year Already?  

E-print Network

time alone, "watching TV" in the dollhouse, and Grace is back outside riding her bike, tearing aroundChildren's School May 2011 Family Spotlight: A Year Already? I cant believe this is the last on campus at the School of Computer Science and occasionally I would hear the sounds of the Childrens School

122

1School of Psychology Three years full-time  

E-print Network

1School of Psychology Three years full-time Clinical Psychology Doctorate School of Psychology in Clinical Psychology (Clinical Psychology Doctorate) and eligibility to apply for registration, the Clinical Psychology Doctorate has a long and renowned history at the School of Psychology here

Miall, Chris

123

New Mexico School District Profile: 1982-83 School Year.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this report is to provide a broad cross section of data on the operation and performance of New Mexico public schools. Data on school district characteristics (40-Day Average Daily Membership; and percent in kindergarten, bilingual, Chapter 1, and special education programs), teacher characteristics (pupil-teacher ratio, salaries,…

Cavatta, Jerry C., Comp.; Borgrink, Henry, Comp.

124

Transforming the School Workforce: Remodelling Experiences in the Special School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article draws upon a case study of a special school (Park Vale) participating in the Department for Education and Science (DfES) Transforming School Workforce (TSW) Pathfinder Pilot Project (2002-2003). The Project was developed as a response by the DfES: firstly, to growing difficulties in the recruitment and retention of teachers in the…

Rayner, Steve; Gunter, Helen; Thomas, Hywel; Butt, Graham; Lance, Ann

2005-01-01

125

Casa Guatemala: A 15-Year School Project.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A firsthand account describes a global education project involving a partnership between a British Columbian school and a Guatemalan orphanage. The article provides guidelines for developing similar projects and gives examples of how the project has enriched curricula. (LZ)

Carkner, Robert

1994-01-01

126

High School Biology: The Early Years.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the emergence of the biology curriculum which replaced physiology, zoology, and botany in high school science courses and supplanted an early form of general science known as natural history. (RT)

Rosenthal, Dorothy B.; Bybee, Rodger W.

1988-01-01

127

Toledo Public Schools School Utilization Study, 1980-81 School Year. 2nd Year Study. Elementary School Buildings.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In response to declining student enrollment, the Toledo, Ohio public school system conducted a school utilization study involving the evaluation of eight categories of achievement. These categories were: (1) educational adequacy as determined by the ability of the facility to meet the requirements of a good instructional program; (2) an overview…

Toledo Public Schools, OH.

128

Dropout and Migration Statistics: District of Columbia Public Schools. School Year 1991-92.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The annual dropout and migration statistics report of the District of Columbia public schools reflects the guidelines, definitions, and tracking procedures of the District schools. School year 1991-92 was the third year of implementation of the present dropout-accounting system. The report contains dropout and migration statistics for student…

District of Columbia Public Schools, Washington, DC. Research Branch.

129

School Integration Efforts Three Years after "Parents Involved"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report synthesizes major themes in local policymaking during the last year, as local school districts continue to grapple with legal and economic constraints on policies that are aimed at creating diverse schools. The report last year on the second anniversary of "Parents Involved" began to uncover some of the consequences of the difficult…

Tefera, Adai; Siegel-Hawley, Genevieve; Frankenberg, Erica

2010-01-01

130

Year-Round Education in the Woodburn School District.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Year-round schooling is a positive alternative for the Woodburn School District, a district experiencing an overcrowding problem. The year-round education system has not yet been implemented in Woodburn, but the proposal is getting serious attention by administrators, teachers, and parents. The Utah Foundation Research Report identifies 10…

Woodburn Public Schools, OR.

131

School-Year Employment and Academic Performance of Young Adolescents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using data from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health, this study examines the relationship between school-year employment and academic performance of young adolescents under age 16. Ordinary least squares estimates show a significant positive relationship between modest hours of school-year employment and grade point average.…

Sabia, Joseph J.

2009-01-01

132

Moving House for Education in the Pre-School Years  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper uses data from the Millennium Cohort Study (MCS) to examine house moves that take place in the pre-school years, focusing on families who move for the education of their children. We present results showing that education- related house moves do indeed occur in the pre-school years with particular types of parents making these…

Hansen, Kirstine

2014-01-01

133

Effectiveness of school-based violence prevention for children and youth: a research report.  

PubMed

Aggression, bullying and violence in children and youth are prevalent in Canada (18%) and internationally. The authors evaluated the effectiveness of Roots of Empathy (ROE), a school-based mental health promotion and violence prevention program for children that has been widely implemented but rarely evaluated. Eight school divisions were randomly assigned to either a treatment group that received ROE in 2002-2003 (445 students) or a wait-list control group (315 students). These were compared on three child mental health outcomes (physical aggression, indirect aggression and pro-social behaviour), rated by teachers and students (self-rated). The three wait-list school divisions received ROE in 2003-2004 (new cohort of 265 students) and were compared with the control group from 2002-2003 on the three outcomes, for replication purposes. For both comparisons, the authors report multi-level modelling analyses regarding (1) immediate effects after ROE completion at the end of the school year (pretest to post-test) and (2) long-term ROE effects up to three years after post-test. ROE had replicated, beneficial effects on all teacher-rated outcomes, which were generally maintained or further improved across follow-up. However, ROE had almost no statistically significant or replicated effects on student-rated outcomes. This is the first evaluation to suggest that ROE appears effective when implemented on a large scale under real-world delivery conditions. PMID:24956430

Santos, Robert G; Chartier, Mariette J; Whalen, Jeanne C; Chateau, Dan; Boyd, Leanne

2011-04-01

134

Monitoring the Migrations of Wild Snake River Spring/Summer Chinook Salmon Smolts, 2002-2003 Annual Report.  

SciTech Connect

Prior to 1992, decisions on dam operations and use of stored water relied on recoveries of branded hatchery fish, index counts at traps and dams, and flow patterns at the dams. The advent of PIT-tag technology provided the opportunity to precisely track the smolt migrations of many wild stocks as they pass through the hydroelectric complex and other monitoring sites on their way to the ocean. With the availability of the PIT tag, a more complete approach to these decisions was undertaken starting in 1992 with the addition of PIT-tag detections of several wild spring and summer chinook salmon stocks at Lower Granite Dam. Using data from these detections, we initiated development of a database on wild fish, addressing several goals of the Columbia River Basin Fish and Wildlife Program of the Pacific Northwest Electric Power Planning Council and Conservation Act (NPPC 1980). Section 304(d) of the program states, ''The monitoring program will provide information on the migrational characteristics of the various stocks of salmon and steelhead within the Columbia Basin.'' Further, Section 201(b) urges conservation of genetic diversity, which will be possible only if wild stocks are preserved. Section 5.9A.1 of the 1994 Fish and Wildlife Program states that field monitoring of smolt movement will be used to determine the best timing for water storage releases and Section 5.8A.8 states that continued research is needed on survival of juvenile wild fish before they reach the first dam with special attention to water quantity, quality, and several other factors. The goals of this ongoing study are as follows (1) Characterize the migration timing and estimate parr-to-smolt survival of different stocks of wild Snake River spring/summer chinook salmon smolts at Lower Granite Dam. (2) Determine whether consistent migration patterns are apparent. (3) Determine what environmental factors influence these patterns. (4) Characterize the migrational behavior and estimate survival of different wild juvenile fish stocks as they emigrate from their natal rearing areas. This study provides critical information for recovery planning, and ultimately recovery for these ESA-listed wild fish stocks. This report provides information on PIT tagging of wild chinook salmon parr in 2002 and the subsequent monitoring of these fish. Fish were monitored as they migrated through two in-stream PIT-tag monitoring systems in lower Valley Creek and at juvenile migrant traps in 2002 and 2003 as well as through interrogation systems at Lower Granite, Little Goose, Lower Monumental, McNary, John Day, and Bonneville Dams during 2003. Fish were also monitored by the PIT-tag trawl in the mouth of the Columbia River in 2003. In 2002-2003, we also continued to collect environmental data for the Baseline Environmental Monitoring Program, which was developed from 1993 to 1997. The project was designed to collect data for use in conjunction with data on parr and smolt movements to discern patterns or characteristic relationships between these movements and environmental factors. Water quality data collected consist of water temperature, dissolved oxygen, specific conductance, turbidity, water depth, and pH measured at five monitoring stations in the Salmon River Basin, Idaho.

Achord, Stephen; McNatt, Regan A.; Hockersmith, Eric E. (National Marine Fisheries Service, Northwest Fisheries Science Center, Fish Ecology Division, Seattle, WA)

2004-04-01

135

95 Years of Teaching High School Sociology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A neglected part of the history of teaching sociology is the history of teaching high school sociology. The American Sociological Association's centennial in 2005 affords sociologists an opportunity to reflect on the teaching of sociology--anywhere and everywhere that it happens. In the spirit of contributing to the history of teaching sociology…

DeCesare, Michael

2005-01-01

136

Community Expectations and the Secondary School Years.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reacts to public criticism by reassessing the role of Australian public school education. It recounts the philosophical traditions that have separated instruction and teaching professionals from the realities of the present economy. The paper concludes by suggesting that not only is public input into curricular reform needed, but that…

Collins, C. W.

137

Safe Schools for the Roller Coaster Years  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The dramatic ups and downs so often witnessed in adolescents are the result of changes in their brain activity. It is vital that the emotional and psychological needs that arise from such intense brain development are acknowledged and addressed so that middle school becomes a safe environment for the budding adults.

Inlay, Linda

2005-01-01

138

Webber School Evaluation Report: School Year 1973-74.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This evaluation report summarizes data collected from pupil questionnaires, teacher questionniares, and parent interviews on the success of a recently implemented elementary school reorganization plan designed to enhance academic achievement. Five evaluation instruments were developed as a collaborative effort of teachers, parents, evaluators, and…

Urbana School District 116, IL.

139

Bridge to School Program; School Year 1975-1976.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Bridge To School Program was designed to supplement and extend the scope of an ongoing early childhood developmental program, the "Readiness Program", by providing individualized attention and instruction to specially selected seriously learning disabled children between the ages of 5 and 7 in order to facilitate the development of their…

Budoff, Milton

140

Bridge to School Program; School Year 1974-1975.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report is an evaluation of a New York City school district educational project funded under Title l of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965. The program was designed to supplement an ongoing early childhood readiness program and to provide individualized instruction in reading and math to a select group of learning disabled…

Laudor, Charles R.

141

New Mexico School District Profile: 1984-1985 School Year.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report provides a broad cross section of data on the operation and performance of New Mexico public schools during 1982-85. Data on enrollment (in kindergarten, in grades 1-6 and 7-12, and in special education, and percent enrolled in Title I and bilingual education programs), student characteristics (dropout rate, ethnicity, mobility),…

Borgrink, Henry, Comp.

142

New Mexico School District Profile: 1986-1987 School Year.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This profile summarizes and analyzes data to provide a broad range of educational indicators of the operation and performance of New Mexico's 88 school districts. The profile looks at the dropout rate and student enrollment, including the number of students receiving public assistance, special education, and bilingual education. Also studied are:…

Borgrink, Henry, Comp.

143

School context protective factors against peer ethnic discrimination across the high school years.  

PubMed

Ethnically diverse high school contexts present unique social opportunities for youth to form interethnic relationships, but they may also subject students to certain social challenges such as peer ethnic discrimination. With a sample of 1,072 high school students (55% girls; 54% Latino, 20% African American, 14% Asian, 12% White) attending 84 high schools, school context factors that protect students' exposure to peer ethnic discrimination across the high school years were investigated with a three-level hierarchical linear model. Each spring for four consecutive years (grades 9-12), self-reported peer ethnic discrimination, interracial climate at school, and perceived school ethnic composition were assessed. At the school level, objective high school ethnic composition data were collected. Peer ethnic discrimination was found to decline slightly across the high school years. Above and beyond this decline, more positive perceptions of the school interracial climate and both objective and perceived numerical ethnic majority status predicted lower levels of peer ethnic discrimination. Taken together, the results highlight the significance of both objective (e.g., ethnic composition) and subjective (e.g., interracial climate) aspects of the school ethnic context to students' high school social experiences. PMID:21553094

Bellmore, Amy; Nishina, Adrienne; You, Ji-In; Ma, Ting-Lan

2012-03-01

144

Dropout and Migration Statistics: District of Columbia Public Schools, School Year 1990-91.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report presents statistics from the second year (1990-91) of the District of Columbia Public Schools' (DCPS) implementation of procedures to identify and track student dropouts. Other school "leaver" data was also collected. The primary data presented in this report focuses on secondary school dropouts (grades 7-12). However, cursory data is…

Tuck, Kathy D.

145

Dropout and Migration Statistics. District of Columbia Public Schools. School Year 1993-94.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report describes a cohort of secondary school students, from grades 7 through 12, who were enrolled in District of Columbia Public Schools in October 1993, but who did not return by the official membership count of the following school year. This group included dropouts, transfers, court-ordered withdrawals, deaths, and serious illnesses. The…

Negero, Arega

146

Art School Consequential: Teaching and Learning in the First Year of Art School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In order to understand better the dimensions of education in the foundation year of contemporary art school, this study explores teaching and learning through the lenses of art school freshmen and foundation studio art professors. Since scholarly study of art school education is limited, the author begins with a survey of related fields of…

McKenna, Stacey Redford

2011-01-01

147

School Crime in California for the 1988-89 School Year.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The fourth annual summary of school crime data collected by California school districts, this report also includes a comparison of 1988/89 results with those of the three previous years. All of California's school districts completed reports for the fourth reporting period. Despite an article added to the California Constitution affirming…

California State Dept. of Education, Sacramento.

148

Preparing for the Flu During the 2009-10 School Year: Questions and Answers for Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This brochure provides answers to the following questions: (1) Why do school districts, schools, teachers, parents, and communities need to plan for the continuation of learning for students during flu season this year? (2) How should districts and schools go about planning to continue students' education when they are at home because of H1N1?…

US Department of Education, 2009

2009-01-01

149

Ornamental Horticulture Technology; Suggested 2-Year Post High School Curriculums.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Developed by a technical education specialist, this guide is designed to aid school administrators in planning and developing 2-year post-high school programs or evaluating existing programs in ornamental horticulture technology. In addition to general information on the program, contents include course outlines with examples of tests and…

Bureau of Adult, Vocational, and Technical Education (DHEW/OE), Washington, DC. Div. of Vocational and Technical Education.

150

Report Card to the Public: 2005-2006 School Year  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This "Report Card to the Public, a Summary of Statistics from Alaska's Public Schools," is published in accordance with Alaska Statute 14.03.120 for the school year 2005-2006. This publication reports the status of public education in Alaska. It is a source of information for Alaska's educational policymakers, including legislators, the Governor,…

Alaska Department of Education & Early Development, 2006

2006-01-01

151

Report Card to the Public: 2006-2007 School Year  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This "Report Card to the Public, a Summary of Statistics from Alaska's Schools," is published in accordance with Alaska Statute 14.03.120 for the school year 2006-2007. This publication reports the status of public education in Alaska. It is a source of information for Alaska's educational policymakers, including legislators, the Governor, the…

Alaska Department of Education & Early Development, 2007

2007-01-01

152

ASBESTOS CONCENTRATIONS IN TWO YEARS AFTER ABATEMENT IN SEVENTEEN SCHOOLS  

EPA Science Inventory

Airborne asbestos concentrations were measured at 17 schools that underwent an asbestos abatement 2 years before in 1988. hese 17 schools, which involved 20 abatement sites, were part of a study conducted by the U.S Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and the New Jersey Departm...

153

ASBESTOS CONCENTRATIONS TWO YEARS AFTER ABATEMENT IN SEVENTEEN SCHOOLS  

EPA Science Inventory

Airborne asbestos concentrations were measured at 17 schools that underwent an asbestos abatement 2 years before in 1988. These 17 schools, which involved 20 abatement sites, were part of a study conducted by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and the New Jersey Depar...

154

Districts Face Painful Cuts as School Year Begins  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As students around the country begin the 2011-2012 school year, many of them will be returning to districts that have been forced to restructure their operations in the face of budget cuts. Leaders of those school systems have sought to avoid cuts that they believe would weaken instruction. But they also believe the reductions will put a strain on…

Cavanagh, Sean

2011-01-01

155

Looking Back on 18 Years of School Law.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reflects on 18 years' worth of school law columns. Many of the author's predictions have proved accurate, such as forecasts that legislation to assist handicapped students would produce an unprecedented flood of litigation; that minimum competency testing would stand the tests of time and the courts; and that school districts should avoid…

Splitt, David A.

1996-01-01

156

How Many Schools and Districts Have Not Made Adequate Yearly Progress? Four-Year Trends  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Center on Education Policy (CEP) analyzed trends over four years in the number of schools and school districts that did not make adequate yearly progress (AYP) in raising student achievement under the No Child Left Behind Act (NCLB). Using data from the Consolidated State Performance Reports submitted to the U.S. Department of Education by all…

Usher, Alexandra

2010-01-01

157

High School Transfer Students and the Transition to College: Timing and the Structure of the School Year  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The timing of a high school transfer may shape students' transitions to college through its (mis)alignment with the structure of the school year. A transfer that occurs during the summer interrupts the four-year high school career, whereas a transfer that occurs midyear disrupts both the four-year high school career and the structure of the school

Sutton, April; Muller, Chandra; Langenkamp, Amy G.

2013-01-01

158

Three year results of the Friendly Schools whole-of-school intervention on children's bullying behaviour  

Microsoft Academic Search

A group randomized controlled trial tested the efficacy of the Friendly Schools program to reduce student bullying behaviour. This socio-ecological intervention targeted the whole school, classroom, family, and individual students to reduce bullying behaviour. Self-report data were collected in 29 schools over three years from a cohort of 1968 eight to nine-year-olds. Surveys measured frequency of being bullied, bullying others,

Donna Cross; Helen Monks; Margaret Hall; Therese Shaw; Yolanda Pintabona; Erin Erceg; Gregory Hamilton; Clare Roberts; Stacey Waters; Leanne Lester

2010-01-01

159

School Attachment Theory and Restitution Processes: Promoting Positive Behaviors in Middle Years Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents the findings of a case study that examined school attachment and restitution strategies used in a middle years school to determine if the program had provided a viable means of promoting and sustaining positive behaviors among middle years students. Data were gathered by interviewing five teachers who had Restitution I training…

Penner, Christine; Wallin, Dawn

2012-01-01

160

Extended School Day/Year Programs: A Research Synthesis. Spotlight on Student Success.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This analysis reviews the data on two types of extended school programs--those that extend the number of hours per day students spend in school, and those that extend the school year. Proponents of extending the school day or the school year frequently cite examples from outside the United States, where the average school year is often longer, and…

Evans, William; Bechtel, David

161

Are Year-Round, Multi-track Elementary Schools Effective? An Analysis of Schools in Wake County, North Carolina.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Wake County (North Carolina) Public School System currently operates 7 year-round schools on a 45-15 day schedule. Six schools with voluntary magnet enrollment operate on a multitrack system that has 75% of the students in school, while 25% are on break. A program review showed that multitrack schools are as effective as traditional schools.…

Prohm, Bethany; Baenen, Nancy

1996-01-01

162

Overview of Public Elementary and Secondary Schools and Districts: School Year 1997-98. Statistics in Brief.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document provides a synopsis of public-school characteristics and includes statistical summaries of schools, districts, and students. It examines the various types of public schools in the U.S., stating that 87,631 public schools furnished instruction to 46.1 million students in the 1997-98 school year. Most public-school students, 98.1…

National Center for Education Statistics (ED), Washington, DC.

163

Year-Round Schools from Beginning to End.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

No other educational innovation in the United States has as much potential for saving money for improving education as year-round school programs. The 14-year experience of Jefferson County, Colorado, had generated a cost savings of $87.7 million in bonded indebtedness when the multitrack program was terminated in 1988. District leaders were…

White, William D.

164

Weekly Announcement Each Monday during the school year  

E-print Network

Weekly Announcement Each Monday during the school year we publish the Weekly Announcement. Please, the program and in classes. All are invited to post and submit work. AD Lunches At least twice a year we hold a lunch at which student and faculty attend and meet to discuss issues and developments in the major. We

Prinz, Friedrich B.

165

Residents' perspectives on the final year of medical school  

PubMed Central

Objectives To characterize junior residents’ perspectives on the purpose, value, and potential improvement of the final year of medical school. Methods Eighteen interviews were conducted with junior residents who graduated from nine different medical schools and who were in internal medicine, surgery, and psychiatry programs at one institution in the United States. Interview transcripts were coded and analyzed inductively for themes. Results Participants’ descriptions of the purpose of their recently completed final year of medical school contained three primary themes: residency-related purposes, interest- or need-based purposes, and transitional purposes. Participants commented on the most valued aspects of the final year. Themes included opportunities to: prepare for residency; assume a higher level of responsibility in patient care; pursue experiences of interest that added breadth of knowledge, skills and perspective; develop and/or clarify career plans; and enjoy a period of respite. Suggestions for improvement included enhancing the learning value of clinical electives, augmenting specific curricular content, and making the final year more purposeful and better aligned with career goals. Conclusions The final year of medical school is a critical part of medical education for most learners, but careful attention is needed to ensure that the year is developmentally robust. Medical educators can facilitate this by creating structures to help students define personal and professional goals, identify opportunities to work toward these goals, and monitor progress so that the value of the final year is optimized and not exclusively focused on residency preparation.

Obrien, Bridget; Niehaus, Brian; Teherani, Arianne; Young, John Q.

2012-01-01

166

Overview of Public Elementary and Secondary Schools and Districts: School Year 1996-97  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The National Center For Education Statistics has recently released this report which provides national and state overview information about the types, sizes, and locations of the more than 86 thousand public schools in the US during the 1996-97 school year. Data about the nation's 46 million public school students are also presented, including statistics related to ethnic diversity, special education participation, free lunch eligibility, and dropout rates for selected states.

167

State Tests and High School Graduation Reference Group Summaries 1985-86 School Year.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This booklet contains reference group summaries for the Pupil Evaluation Program tests, the preliminary competency tests, the Regents competency test, and the Regents examinations that were administered during the 1985-86 school year in New York State. Summaries are also included for high school graduation results. Results are presented in tabular…

New York State Education Dept., Albany. Div. of Educational Testing.

168

First Year College Performance: A Study of Home School Graduates and Traditional School Graduates  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to determine differences, in first-year college academic performance, between home school and traditional high school graduates, measured by grade point average, retention, ACT test scores, and credits. To accomplish the purpose, nine null hypotheses were tested to determine if there were differences between home…

Jones, Paul; Gloeckner, Gene

2004-01-01

169

[School type, school stress and health problems in 17-year-old Zurich middle school students].  

PubMed

In the present study a sample of 661 seventeen-year-old students of different undergraduate colleges of the Canton of Zurich were investigated by questionnaire. They were asked about various psychosocial variables, their consumer behavior, school-life and their physical and mental health. The aim of the study was to investigate whether students of different college types differ in regard to their psychosocial and morbidity characteristics: Out of the sample two subgroups were formed: Students of the traditional college type B (classical/modern languages) and C (mathematics and sciences) on the one hand, and students of the modern college type D (modern languages) and L (modern languages/fine arts) on the other. Regarding sociodemographic variables and social contact there were no differences for both sexes between the two college types. Female students of the modern colleges reported to drink alcohol more regularly. There was a significant difference, however, taking college type into account in regard to eating behavior, body image, and physical and mental complaints. Girls of the modern colleges showed more symptoms and disturbances on all applied check lists. Regardless the college type, the results indicated that low academic grades and stressfully assessed school life were accompanied with significantly higher symptom scores in female students. The findings of the study indicate that targeted concepts for prevention and health promotion should be advanced especially in the classes of the modern colleges. PMID:9480590

Buddeberg-Fischer, B; Gnam, G; Christen, S

1997-01-01

170

Saturday School: A Success Story. A School and Home Learning Program for Four Year Olds.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This first year report describes the educational philosophy and organization of a Saturday school program aimed at ameliorating emotional or learning difficulties in 4-year-old children. The evaluation of the project during its first year focused on 42 different product and process objectives and was concerned with the project's impact on…

Ferguson-Florissant School District, Ferguson, MO.

171

A Single Case Study of a Three Year Coordinated School Health Program at a Rural North Mississippi Elementary School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The single case study presents the story of the implementation of a three year Coordinated School Health Program (CSHP) at a rural North Mississippi school. The school was recognized by the Mississippi Department of Education, Office of Healthy Schools, as one of ten selected model Mississippi healthy schools. An awarded grant of one hundred…

Howell, Sandra Lena

2010-01-01

172

A Year in Review: The "High School Journal" in 1920  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 1920, the "High School Journal" had been up and running for a year and cost 15 cents an issue. Robert Goddard was ridiculed by the "New York Times" for predicting space travel (a retraction was printed in 1969), small countries like Ireland and Romania were fighting for their own governments, and American women voted for the first time in a…

Job, Jennifer G.

2009-01-01

173

Parent-School Ties Should Shift in Teen Years  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many educators and parents would agree that it's important for parents to spend time in their children's classrooms, to closely monitor homework, or to read to children at home. Try telling that, though, to a 13-year-old, argues Nancy E. Hill, an education professor at the Harvard Graduate School of Education and the university's Radcliffe…

Viadero, Debra

2010-01-01

174

High School Physics, Two-Year Colleges, and Physics Majors  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We have just completed the data collection for our 2012-13 Nationwide Survey of High School Physics and expect to have results to report in the spring. In the interim, we will take a look at physics in two-year colleges (TYCs). In 2007, we surveyed undergraduate seniors in degree-granting physics departments, and we asked these students if they…

White, Susan C.

2013-01-01

175

DECKER SCHOOL OF NURSING *Year of initial appointment at Binghamton  

E-print Network

'Connor office of Rural Health Studies, PhD, 1995, University of Texas at Austin: Community health nursing422 DECKER SCHOOL OF NURSING FACULTY *Year of initial appointment at Binghamton Atav, A. Serdar: Family practice nursing. (1997) Belliveau, Danielle T., Clinical Instructor and Coordinator of Learning

Suzuki, Masatsugu

176

Three-Year Sequence for High School Mathematics, Course II.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This curriculum guide covers Course II of a three-year sequence for high school mathematics in New York which was intended to provide an alternative to the regular Regents' sequence of ninth-, tenth-, and eleventh-grade mathematics. A listing of scope and content is provided along with suggested time allotments. Topics covered are: Logic,…

Buchman, Paul; Buchman, Aaron

177

Math Anxiety and Math Ability in Early Primary School Years  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Mathematical learning disabilities (MLDs) are often associated with math anxiety, yet until now, very little is known about the causal relations between calculation ability and math anxiety during early primary school years. The main aim of this study was to longitudinally investigate the relationship between calculation ability, self-reported…

Krinzinger, Helga; Kaufmann, Liane; Willmes, Klaus

2009-01-01

178

Tackling Illiteracy in Year 7 of the Comprehensive School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reading standards are regarded by many as the true yardstick by which to measure school effectiveness, and the relative standards achieved by different generations are often debated by adults. Some young people do not perceive reading to be of anything like such importance, however, using digital communication habitually and easily. Each year a…

Mays, Dennis

2012-01-01

179

The Case of the First-Year Charter School.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examined how one urban charter school struggled during its first year to overcome several barriers, such as the initial small facility, limited curricula, and strained teacher-administrator relationships, to become a cohesive team that nurtured a unique community of learners. Case study data indicated that keys to success included teacher…

Leonard, Jacqueline

2002-01-01

180

2007-2008 SCHOOL YEAR SCHOLARLY WORK Doctoral Program  

E-print Network

of the adoption of ethanol in Brazil." Journal of World Business / forthcoming Aten, K., Nardon, L. and Steers, R2007-2008 SCHOOL YEAR SCHOLARLY WORK Doctoral Program Lundquist College of Business University. (2008). "Re-thinking the role of management development in in preparing global business leaders

181

High School Physics, Two-Year Colleges, and Physics Majors  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We have just completed the data collection for our 2012-13 Nationwide Survey of High School Physics and expect to have results to report in the spring. In the interim, we will take a look at physics in two-year colleges (TYCs). In 2007, we surveyed undergraduate seniors in degree-granting physics departments, and we asked these students if they had begun the post-secondary career at a TYC. Nine percent of the physics undergraduate seniors in 2007 had started their college education at a TYC, and these students differ significantly from those who did not start at a TYC. The two graphs at right depict the high school physics experience for these two groups of students. More than one-fourth of those who started at a TYC did not take physics in high school, and only 18% took AP physics. The 6% of those who did not start at a TYC and did not take physics is consistent with the 5% of high school seniors who attend a school where physics is not offered. Their apparent difference of interest in physics in high school is also evident from their knowledge about AP physics offerings: 25% of those who started at a TYC did not know if AP physics was offered at their high school versus only 5% of those who did not start at a TYC. Since their high school physics experiences were so different, it is likely that something happened in their physics courses at the TYC that captured these students' interest in physics.

White, Susan C.

2013-09-01

182

``Small'' schools versus ``big'' schools: Anecdotal notes of a second-year physics teacher  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Last spring I was just finishing up the second year of my teaching career. I was fortunate enough to be teaching physics and physical science at an academic magnet school located in southern West Virginia. The previous year, I had the opportunity to teach mathematics and science at a comprehensive high school located in northern West Virginia—close to the border of Pennsylvania. When I take a look back at my last two years of teaching, I can see many similarities and many differences. I see positives as well as negatives. However, if you were to ask me what the biggest difference was between last year and the one before, I would most certainly reply the size and locality of schools.

Pudder, David

2012-11-01

183

Genetic relatedness among isolates of Shigella sonnei carrying class 2 integrons in Tehran, Iran, 2002–2003  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Shigella spp. are major cause of diarrhoeal disease in both developing and developed countries. Shigella sonnei is the serogroup of Shigella most frequently responsible for sporadic and epidemic enteritis in developed countries. In recent years the emergence and spread of S. sonnei biotype g carrying class 2 integron have been frequently reported in many countries. Recently, S. sonnei has

Reza Ranjbar; Aurora Aleo; Giovanni M Giammanco; Anna Maria Dionisi; Nourkhoda Sadeghifard; Caterina Mammina

2007-01-01

184

Trajectories of Anxiety During Elementary-school Years and the Prediction of High School Noncompletion  

Microsoft Academic Search

Previous research has provided mixed results regarding the effect of anxiety on academic achievement. Building on this body\\u000a of research, the present longitudinal study pursued two goals. The first goal was to describe trajectories of anxiety during\\u000a elementary-school years. The second goal was to determine the predictive value of these trajectories on high school noncompletion\\u000a after controlling for personal (i.e.,

Stéphane Duchesne; Frank Vitaro; Simon Larose; Richard E. Tremblay

2008-01-01

185

Genetic Inventory of Bull Trout and Westslope Cutthroat Trout in the Pend Oreille Subbasin, 2002-2003 Annual Report.  

SciTech Connect

In 2002, the Kalispel Natural Resource Department (KNRD) collected tissue samples for genetic analysis from 280 bull trout and 940 westslope cutthroat. The Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife developed and applied microsatellite DNA screening protocols for the analysis of bull trout at 13 loci and 24 loci for cutthroat trout. This project will continue collection and analysis of additional samples for the next 2 years. At that time, a final annual report will be compiled for the three-year study that will describe the genetic characteristics for bull trout and westslope cutthroat trout. The extent of hybridization of bull trout (with brook trout) and westslope cutthroat trout (with Yellowstone cutthroat trout and rainbow trout) in the Priest Lake and Lower Pend Oreille subbasins will also be examined.

Maroney, Joseph R. (Kalispel Tribe of Indians, Usk, WA); Shaklee, James B.; Young, Sewall F. (Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife, Olympia, WA)

2003-10-01

186

Columbia Plateau Basin and Fifteenmile Subbasin Water Rights Acquisitons; Oregon Water Trust Combined Work Plan, 2002-2003 Final Report.  

SciTech Connect

This is the Final Report submitted regarding Oregon Water Trust's Combined Work Plan for fiscal year 2003, with the contract period April 2002 to May 2003. Of this 12 month period, six month were spent concluding our work for the 2002 irrigation season and six months were spent preparing for the 2003 irrigation season. After this grant was completed, projects were finished with funding from the Columbia Basin Water Transactions Program. Many of the 2003 irrigation season successes began in the fall of 2002, when projects were researched and partnerships were developed. Trout Creek Ranch was one of the large successes. During the 2003 irrigation season, 2.6 cfs was leased which led to a permanent instream transfer, protecting critical spawning habitat for summer steelhead in the Deschutes basin. Another success was the Walla Walla Lease Bank project. This project is an agreement between the OWT, the Walla Walla Irrigation District and 11 individual landowners. Through this single year lease, 7.9 cfs of water was legally protected in the Walla Walla River. The Vidando lease on Middle Fork John Day River was renewed for 2 more years, protecting 11.29 cfs. An innovative single year split-season lease was conducted with Voight on Standard Creek in the John Day basin to protect 4.93 cfs. Many other deals were conducted and the total was an impressive 50.43 cfs instream during 2003 and 9.39 cfs pending approval for the 2004 season. Included is a summary of the activities within the Fifteenmile subbasin and the Columbia Plateau basin by quarter and two tables. The summary of activities is broken down by objectives and quarters. The first summarizes the total cfs by type of lease or transfer. The second table lists all the projects by subbasin and provides project type, lease number, cfs, cost of acquisition, partners in the project and funding source.

Paulus, Fritz

2003-12-01

187

School exclusion drug use and antisocial behaviour at 15\\/16 years: Implications for youth transitions  

Microsoft Academic Search

Young people excluded from school face additional challenges compared with their contemporaries in mainstream school throughout adolescence, particularly at the end of compulsory schooling when aged 16 years. This paper reports on the experiences of 77 young people excluded from school at year 12 when aged 15\\/16 years. They were participating in the Belfast Youth Development Study during the period

Patrick McCrystal; Andrew Percy; Kathryn Higgins

2007-01-01

188

The Effects of Year-Round School on Students with Learning Disabilities: A Case Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This case study investigated the effects of year-round school on students with learning disabilities at Abraxas High School in Poway, California. Abraxas is an alternative school that operates on a block schedule and year-round calendar. The researcher attempted to answer the question: How does year-round school impact students with learning…

Pfeiffer, John, Jr.

2011-01-01

189

Epidemiology of scalds in vulnerable groups in New South Wales, Australia, 1998/1999 to 2002/2003.  

PubMed

In this study, the recently introduced International Classification of Disease, 10th revision, code for hot tap water scalds was used to examine the epidemiology of these cases and other scalds injuries in children younger than 5 years of age and adults aged 65 years and older. Although the trunk was the most common area in which scalds occurred, young children were more likely to sustain head and neck scalds (15%, 95% confidence interval 10.8-18.3) because of hot tap water than older people (2%, 95% confidence interval 0.2-4.4). Hospital separation rates for hot water scalds decreased significantly during the study period in both boys (chi(2) = 15.6, df = 1, P < .001) and girls (chi(2) = 5.6, df = 1, P < .001) who were younger than 5 years of age, which might be attributable to the introduction of new standards regulating the provision of hot tap water to various buildings. The severity of scalds cases did not seem to be correlated with the length of hospital stay, which remained unchanged in both age groups. PMID:16006838

Boufous, Soufiane; Finch, Caroline

2005-01-01

190

Re-assessment of risk factors for sporadic Salmonella serotype Enteritidis infections: a case-control study in five FoodNet Sites, 2002-2003.  

PubMed

Active surveillance for laboratory-confirmed Salmonella serotype Enteritidis (SE) infection revealed a decline in incidence in the 1990s, followed by an increase starting in 2000. We sought to determine if the fluctuation in SE incidence could be explained by changes in foodborne sources of infection. We conducted a population-based case-control study of sporadic SE infection in five of the Foodborne Diseases Active Surveillance Network (FoodNet) sites during a 12-month period in 2002-2003. A total of 218 cases and 742 controls were enrolled. Sixty-seven (31%) of the 218 case-patients and six (1%) of the 742 controls reported travel outside the United States during the 5 days before the case's illness onset (OR 53, 95% CI 23-125). Eighty-one percent of cases with SE phage type 4 travelled internationally. Among persons who did not travel internationally, eating chicken prepared outside the home and undercooked eggs inside the home were associated with SE infections. Contact with birds and reptiles was also associated with SE infections. This study supports the findings of previous case-control studies and identifies risk factors associated with specific phage types and molecular subtypes. PMID:16756692

Marcus, R; Varma, J K; Medus, C; Boothe, E J; Anderson, B J; Crume, T; Fullerton, K E; Moore, M R; White, P L; Lyszkowicz, E; Voetsch, A C; Angulo, F J

2007-01-01

191

Experimental pathogenesis for chickens, turkeys, and pigeons of exotic Newcastle disease virus from an outbreak in California during 2002-2003.  

PubMed

Exotic Newcastle disease virus (NDV) isolated from chickens during the 2002-2003 California outbreak (CA exotic Newcastle disease [END] virus) was inoculated into 4-week-old specific-pathogen-free (SPF) White Leghorn chickens, 3-week-old SPF Beltsville White turkeys, 6-week-old commercial Broad Breasted White turkeys, and 10- to 20-week-old racing pigeons, and the clinicopathologic features of disease were compared. Birds were monitored clinically and euthanized sequentially with collection of tissues. Tissues were examined by histopathology, by immunohistochemistry to detect viral nucleoprotein, and by in situ hybridization to detect viral mRNA. Clinically, infected chickens and SPF turkeys showed severe depression, and all died or were euthanized because of severe clinical signs by day 5 postinoculation. In these birds, histologic lesions were widespread and virus was detected in multiple organs. All infected commercial turkeys showed mild depression, and incoordination was observed in some birds. Histologic lesions were mild, and viral distribution was limited. In pigeons, only 1 bird showed overt clinical disease, and histologic lesions and viral distribution were present in limited organs. Consequently, susceptibility to highly virulent NDV was shown to vary among chickens, SPF turkeys, commercial turkeys, and pigeons. Additionally, we have evidence of CA END virus subclinical infections that suggest pigeons could be subclinical carriers of other virulent NDV. PMID:17099149

Wakamatsu, N; King, D J; Kapczynski, D R; Seal, B S; Brown, C C

2006-11-01

192

Susceptibility and protection of naive and vaccinated racing pigeons (Columbia livia) against exotic Newcastle disease virus from the California 2002-2003 outbreak.  

PubMed

The susceptibility, immune response, and protection to challenge after vaccination in racing pigeons (Columbia livia) was assessed with the 2002-2003 exotic Newcastle disease (END) virus responsible for the most recent major outbreak in Southern California. Immunologically naďve pigeons appeared resistant to disease, regardless of dose, after a natural route of exposure. Twenty percent morbidity was observed in each group of birds receiving between 10(2.1) and 10(8.1) 50% embryo infectious dose (EID50) per bird, with one bird succumbing to challenge in the 10(8.1) EID50/bird group at day 12 postinoculation. Although resistant to disease, birds in all groups continued to shed virus from either oral or cloacal route at the end of the 14-day sampling period, and seroconversion was only observed in birds receiving > or =10(6.1) EID50. Single or double vaccination of juvenile and adult birds with pigeon paramyxovirus virus type 1 (PPMV-1) vaccine followed by END challenge with 10(6.1) EID50/bird decreased the duration, incidence, and viral load. A positive correlation was observed between the presence of hemagglutination-inhibiting antibody titers at challenge and decreased viral shedding. Overt clinical signs of disease were not observed in any PPMV-1-vaccinated birds after challenge. PMID:17039831

Kapczynski, Darrell R; Wise, Mark G; King, Daniel J

2006-09-01

193

School Budget Report for School District of Philadelphia: School Year 2008-2009  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the fall of 2007, Education Resource Strategies (ERS) was invited by Philadelphia's School Reform Commission to conduct a Resource Use Analysis for the School District of Philadelphia (SDP) that would in part inform a possible transition to weighted student funding. In April 2008, ERS began the first set of interviews and data gathering…

Education Resource Strategies, 2009

2009-01-01

194

CDC Guidance for State and Local Public Health Officials and School Administrators for School (K-12) Responses to Influenza during the 2009-2010 School Year  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document provides guidance to help decrease the spread of flu among students and school staff during the 2009-2010 school year. This document expands upon earlier school guidance documents by providing a menu of tools that school and health officials can choose from based on conditions in their area. It recommends actions to take this school

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2009

2009-01-01

195

Year One of a Three-Year Evaluation Study of University Hill Secondary School.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The first year of a new program, in which students were expected to take responsibility for their own education, is evaluated in this report. Study was almost entirely independent; students usually worked at their own rate and used the teacher as a resource person. Parental and community involvement was emphasized. Volunteers worked at the school,…

Gilbert, Katherine J.

196

Year-Round School versus Traditional School: The Impact of Academic Calendars on Student Achievement at Selected Elementary Schools in North Central South Carolina  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the impact that a year-round school calendar and a traditional school calendar may have on student achievement at selected elementary schools in North Central South Carolina. Specifically it investigated mean differences in academic achievement between elementary students at two year-round schools versus two traditional…

Lindsay-Brown, Sandra J.

2010-01-01

197

School House Hype: Two Years Later. Policy Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 1998, the Justice Policy Institute published "School House Hype: School Shootings and the Real Risks Kids Face," a report that examined the issue of school safety, and concluded that schools are the safest places for children to be. This report, inspired in part by recent school shootings, attempts to place the question of school violence and…

Brooks, Kim; Schiraldi, Vincent; Zeidenberg, Jason

198

A Content Analysis of School Anti-Bullying Policies: A Follow-Up after Six Years  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An analysis was undertaken of 217 English school anti-bullying policies, from 169 primary schools and 48 secondary schools, using a 34-item scoring scheme. Findings were compared with an analysis of 142 schools six years earlier. Overall schools in the current analysis had about 49% of the items in their policies, a modest increase over the…

Smith, Peter K.; Kupferberg, Allison; Mora-Merchan, Joaquin A.; Samara, Muthanna; Bosley, Sue; Osborn, Rob

2012-01-01

199

A content analysis of school anti-bullying policies: a follow-up after six years  

Microsoft Academic Search

An analysis was undertaken of 217 English school anti-bullying policies, from 169 primary schools and 48 secondary schools, using a 34-item scoring scheme. Findings were compared with an analysis of 142 schools six years earlier. Overall schools in the current analysis had about 49% of the items in their policies, a modest increase over the previous study. Most included a

Peter K. Smith; Allison Kupferberg; Joaquin A. Mora-Merchan; Muthanna Samara; Sue Bosley; Rob Osborn

2012-01-01

200

Hood River Fish Habitat Project; Confederated Tribes of the Warm Springs Reservation of Oregon, Annual Report 2002-2003.  

SciTech Connect

This report summarizes the project implementation and monitoring of all habitat activities in the Hood River basin that occurred over the October 1, 2002 to September 30, 2003 period (FY 03). Some of the objectives in the corresponding statement of work for this contract were not completed within FY 03. A description of the progress during FY 03 and reasoning for deviation from the original tasks and timeline are provided. OBJECTIVE 1 - Provide coordination of all activities, administrative oversight and assist in project implementation and monitoring activities. Administrative oversight and coordination of the habitat statement of work, budget, subcontracts, personnel, implementation, and monitoring was provided. OBJECTIVE 2 - Continue to coordinate, implement, and revise, as needed, the Hood River Fish Habitat Protection, Restoration, and Monitoring Plan. The Hood River Fish Habitat Protection, Restoration, and Monitoring Plan was completed in 2000 (Coccoli et al., 2000). This document was utilized for many purposes including: drafting the Watershed Action Plan (Coccoli, 2002), ranking projects for funding, and prioritizing projects to target in the future. This document has been reviewed by many, including stakeholders, agencies, and interested parties. The Hood River Watershed Group Coordinator and author of the Hood River Fish Habitat Protection, Restoration, and Monitoring Plan, Holly Coccoli, has updated and revised the plan. Changes will be reflected in the Hood River Subbasin Plan, and after submission of the Subbasin Plan, a formally revised version of the Monitoring Plan will be put out for review. This will more specifically address changes in the Hood River subbasin since 2000, and reflect changes to fish habitat and needs in the Hood River subbasin regarding monitoring. OBJECTIVE 3 - Evaluate and monitor the habitat, accessibility, and presence of winter steelhead, coho salmon, and resident trout upstream of the Middle Fork Irrigation District water sources on Evans Creek. Through this project, BPA funded the Middle Fork Irrigation District (MFID) a total of $194,000 in FY 03 for the Glacier Ditch- Evans Creek project. BPA funds accounted for approximately 30% of the project while the remaining 70% was cost-shared by the MFID, the US Forest Service, and the Oregon Watershed Enhancement Board. The MFID operated irrigation diversions on Evans Creek (Hutson pond RM 4.0 and the Evans Creek diversion RM 5.5), a tributary to the East Fork Hood River. Both diversions had inadequate upstream fish passage, and utilized Evans Creek to transport Eliot Branch water to distribute irrigation water lower in the basin. This project consisted of: piping a portion of the Glacier ditch to create a pressurized irrigation pipeline system, piping the Hutson extension, removing the culvert on Evans Creek near the Glacier ditch, removing the culvert above the Hutson pond, revegetating the disturbed areas, and providing adequate and approved fish passage on Evans Creek. Prior to any work, Brian Connors with MFID completed a NEPA checklist. Some of the key regulatory points of this project included wetland delineations, a cultural resources survey, and consultations with NOAA Fisheries, U.S. Fish and Wildlife, Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife (ODFW), and the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers. This project will eliminate the overflow of silty water into Evans Creek and West Fork Evans Creek. Upon completion of this project, access to 2.5 miles of winter steelhead, coho salmon, and resident trout habitat will be restored. Elimination of the interbasin transfer of water will discontinue the conveyance of silty Eliot Branch water into clear East Fork tributaries. Additionally, less water taken from Coe Branch, Eliot Branch, and Laurance Lake which will benefit listed steelhead and bull trout. The Glacier Ditch provided irrigation water from the Eliot Branch to upper valley orchards and agriculture for more than 100 years. The Glacier Ditch served approximately 1,438 acres with 18 cfs of water. The Glacier Ditch portion of this project

Vaivoda, Alexis

2004-02-01

201

Assessment of Salmonids and Their Habitat Conditions in the Walla Walla River Basin within Washington, Annual Report 2002-2003.  

SciTech Connect

This study began in 1998 to assess salmonid distribution, relative abundance, genetics, and the condition of salmonid habitats in the Walla Walla River basin. Stream flows in the Walla Walla Basin continue to show a general trend that begins with a sharp decline in discharge in late June, followed by low summer flows and then an increase in discharge in fall and winter. Manual stream flow measurements at Pepper bridge showed an increase in 2002 of 110-185% from July-September, over flows from 2001. This increase is apparently associated with a 2000 settlement agreement between the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS) and the irrigation districts to leave minimum flows in the river. Stream temperatures in the Walla Walla basin were similar to those in 2001. Upper montane tributaries maintained maximum summer temperatures below 65 F, while sites in mid and lower Touchet and Walla Walla rivers frequently had daily maximum temperatures well above 68 F (high enough to inhibit migration in adult and juvenile salmonids, and to sharply reduce survival of their embryos and fry). These high temperatures are possibly the most critical physiological barrier to salmonids in the Walla Walla basin, but other factors (available water, turbidity or sediment deposition, cover, lack of pools, etc.) also play a part in salmonid survival, migration, and breeding success. The increased flows in the Walla Walla, due to the 2000 settlement agreement, have not shown consistent improvements to stream temperatures. Rainbow/steelhead (Oncorhynchus mykiss) trout represent the most common salmonid in the basin. Densities of Rainbow/steelhead in the Walla Walla River from the Washington/Oregon stateline to Mojonnier Rd. dropped slightly from 2001, but are still considerably higher than before the 2000 settlement agreement. Other salmonids including; bull trout (Salvelinus confluentus), chinook salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha), mountain whitefish (Prosopium williamsoni), and brown trout (Salmo trutta) had low densities, and limited distribution throughout the basin. A large return of adult spring chinook to the Touchet River drainage in 2001 produced higher densities of juvenile chinook in 2002 than have been seen in recent years, especially in the Wolf Fork. The adult return in 2002 was substantially less than what was seen in 2001. Due to poor water conditions and trouble getting personnel hired, spawning surveys were limited in 2002. Surveyors found only one redd in four Walla Walla River tributaries (Cottonwood Ck., East Little Walla Walla, West Little Walla Walla, and Mill Ck.), and 59 redds in Touchet River tributaries (10 in the North Fork Touchet, 30 in the South Fork Touchet, and 19 in the Wolf Fork). Bull trout spawning surveys in the upper Touchet River tributaries found a total of 125 redds and 150 live fish (92 redds and 75 fish in the Wolf Fork, 2 redds and 1 fish in the Burnt Fork, 0 redds and 1 fish in the South Fork Touchet, 29 redds and 71 fish in the North Fork Touchet, and 2 redds and 2 fish in Lewis Ck.). A preliminary steelhead genetics analysis was completed as part of this project. Results indicate differences between naturally produced steelhead and those produced in the hatchery. There were also apparent genetic differences among the naturally produced fish from different areas of the basin. Detailed results are reported in Bumgarner et al. 2003. Recommendations for assessment activities in 2003 included: (1) continue to monitor the Walla Walla River (focusing from the stateline to McDonald Rd.), the Mill Ck system, and the Little Walla Walla System. (2) reevaluate Whiskey Ck. for abundance and distribution of salmonids, and Lewis Ck. for bull trout density and distribution. (3) select or develop a habitat survey protocol and begin to conduct habitat inventory and assessment surveys. (4) summarize bull trout data for Mill Ck, South Fork Touchet, and Lewis Ck. (5) begin to evaluate temperature and flow data to assess if the habitat conditions exist for spring chinook in the Touchet River.

Mendel, Glen; Trump, Jeremy; Gembala, Mike

2003-09-01

202

Dropout and Migration Statistics: District of Columbia Public Schools, School Year 1989-90.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

These dropout and migration statistics were compiled during the first year of implementation of the District of Columbia Public Schools (DCPS) dropout tracking and database system. These data were collected, primarily, to determine the number of students leaving the DCPS before graduation who did not re-enroll in another educational institution.…

Tuck, Kathy D.

203

Trajectories of Anxiety during Elementary-School Years and the Prediction of High School Noncompletion  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Previous research has provided mixed results regarding the effect of anxiety on academic achievement. Building on this body of research, the present longitudinal study pursued two goals. The first goal was to describe trajectories of anxiety during elementary-school years. The second goal was to determine the predictive value of these trajectories…

Duchesne, Stephane; Vitaro, Frank; Larose, Simon; Tremblay, Richard E.

2008-01-01

204

Community Schools in Ohio: Second-Year Implementation Report. Volume I: Policy Issues.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report examines 46 community (charter) schools that operated during the 1999-2000 school year. Community schools tend to be smaller than their public counterparts, enroll a higher proportion of minority and poor students, and serve relatively fewer special-needs students. On average, community-school teachers have fewer years of experience…

Ohio State Legislative Office of Education Oversight, Columbus.

205

Elementary Technology Demonstration Schools: The Third Year 1992-93. Publication Number 92.31.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The 1992-93 school year was the third year of the Elementary Technology Demonstration Schools program of the Austin (Texas) schools; the project is funded by International Business Machines Corporation (IBM) and Apple Computer Inc. Grants from these corporations were used to equip three elementary schools with IBM equipment and one with Apple…

Sabatino, Melissa

206

Minnesota School Readiness Year Three Study: Developmental Assessment at Kindergarten Entrance, Fall 2004--Promoting School Readiness in Local Communities with a Strategic Sample of School Districts  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report summarizes Year One and Year Two study findings and describes findings from Year Three of the assessment of school readiness with a strategic sample of children entering kindergarten in fall 2004. It is the intent of the Minnesota School Readiness Studies to use results to inform school administrators and teachers; parents; early…

Minnesota Department of Education, 2005

2005-01-01

207

A common feeding system of the NE and S rifts as revealed by the bilateral 2002/2003 eruptive event at Mt. Etna (Sicily, Italy)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Mount Etna volcano is often characterized by bilateral eruptive events, involving both the south (S) and the north east (NE) rifts. The last event occurred in 2002-2003 from October 27 to January 28. A detailed, stratigraphically time-controlled sampling of lavas and tephra of the southern eruptive fissure was performed in order to (1) track the petrological features of products during the eruption and (2) integrate the results with those previously obtained on the NE rift. Whole-rock composition and textural observations were implemented by major and minor element analyses of plagioclases in lavas and tephra from both sides of the volcano. Fractionation models constrained by mass balance (major and trace elements) and Rayleigh calculations suggest that magmas are linked by the same liquid line of descent by fractionating 9.11 % of a mineral assemblage of Cpx (52.69 %), Plg (21.41), and Ol (7.46 %). These new data allowed us to identify at least two feeding episodes through the southern fissure and infer that high-K2O porphyritic magmas, emitted on both the S and NE rifts, derives by fractionation from the same parent magma. However, lavas and tephra from the southern flank were slightly more primitive. Textural and petrological study of plagioclase moreover indicates that chemical-physical conditions in the deep feeding system were similar for magmas erupting from both rifts as suggested by the presence of dissolved rounded cores in both lavas. Magmas evolved differently on the S and the NE rifts only at shallow levels. Comparison with published seismotectonic data supports the idea that the main magma feeding the eruption on October 27 ascended along the same pathway at depth and was intercepted by the fracture system of the S and NE rifts at shallow depth, between 6 and 3 km b.s.l.

Giacomoni, P. P.; Ferlito, C.; Alesci, G.; Coltorti, M.; Monaco, C.; Viccaro, M.; Cristofolini, R.

2012-12-01

208

Geochemical monitoring of the 2002 2003 eruption at Stromboli volcano (Italy): precursory changes in the carbon and helium isotopic composition of fumarole gases and thermal waters  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Significant changes in the helium and carbon isotopic composition of shallow thermal waters vs. gas and a crater fumarolic gas have been recorded at Stromboli prior and during the 2002 2003 eruption. The3He/4He ratios corrected for air contamination (Rc/Ra), and ?13C of fumarolic gases gradually increased from May to November 2002 before the eruption onset. These variations imply early degassing of a gas-rich magma at depth that likely fed both the intense Strombolian activity and small lava overflows recorded during that period. The lava effusion of late December 2002 was shortly preceded by a marked Rc/Ra decrease both in water and fumarolic gases. Comparison of He/CO2 and CH4/CO2 ratios in dissolved gas and with{? }^{13} C_{CO_2 } values rules out the Rc/Ra decrease due to an increasing input of radiogenic4He. The Rc/Ra decrease is attributed to the He isotope fractionation during rapid magma ascent and degassing. A new uprising of 3He-rich magma probably occurred in January to February 2003, when Rc/Ra ratios displayed the highest values in dissolved gases ever measured before (4.56 Rc/Ra). The increase in He/CO2 and CH4/CO2 ratios and decrease in ?13C of dissolved CO2 was recorded after the 5 April 2003 explosive paroxysm, likely caused by enhanced gas-water interaction inducing CO2 dissolution. No anomalous Rc/Ra values were recorded in the same period, when usual Strombolian activity gradually resumed.

Capasso, G.; Carapezza, M. L.; Federico, C.; Inguaggiato, S.; Rizzo, A.

2005-12-01

209

U.S. Kids Use ADHD Meds More During School Year  

MedlinePLUS

... U.S. Kids Use ADHD Meds More During School Year Researchers suggest this may be to boost academic ... medications is 30 percent higher during the school year than in the summer, a new study indicates. ...

210

Research @ Microsoft Beijing, 2002 / 2003  

E-print Network

Li Barn-Wan Li Jianghong(Angela) Li Mu Li Cong Li Xun Li Yantao Li Lin Liang Hongbin Liao Shiding Lin Steve Lin Zhouchen Lin Bin Lin Zuoyang Liu Xiaobo Liu Ligang Liu Ce Liu Nien-Chen Liu Yunxin Liu Xinguo Liu Boying Lu Lie Lu Yufei Ma Wei-Ying Ma Xiaoxu Ma Chengyuan Ma Xin Ma Hu Peng Frank Seide Xiao

211

‘The trouble with Year 10’. 13 – 16 year old school students’ attitudes to higher education  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study looked at the impact of Widening Participation interventions on the attitudes of young people towards higher education.\\u000a A total of 2731 adolescents aged 13–16 years completed a self-report measure of their attitudes to higher education, general\\u000a and academic self concept and identification with school, family and peers. This was matched with data on the students’ academic\\u000a attainment and social

Pam Maras; Kirsty Carmichael; Swatee Patel; Jennifer Wills

2007-01-01

212

Relational Trust and Knowledge Sharing: An Investigation of Principal Trust and School Social Networks  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Trust among teachers is an important aspect of the capacity for reform in schools. In previous research, trust has traditionally been considered as a monolithic variable that characterizes this special element as a relationship across a school (Bryk & Schneider, 2002, 2003; Goddard, 2003; Kochanek, 2005). However, this study proposes that the…

Liou, Yi-Hwa

2010-01-01

213

Children Entering School Ready To Learn: School Readiness Information. School Year 2002-03 by State and County.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As part of efforts to improve services for children from birth to age five, the Maryland Joint Committee on Children, Youth, and Families charged the State Department of Education with identifying and implementing, by school year 2000-01, an early childhood assessment system that would provide baseline information on children entering…

Maryland State Dept. of Education, Baltimore.

214

The Role of School Leadership in the Implementation of the Transition Year Programme in Ireland  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Introducing an educational innovation into any school context involves some challenge to existing practices. Transition Year is an innovative, optional, one-year programme taken by approximately half the 15-16-year age cohort in schools in the Republic of Ireland. Based on data from an extensive study of TY operating in six different schools,…

Jeffers, Gerry

2010-01-01

215

School Nurses Race to the Top: The Pilot Year of How One District's School Nurses Revised Their Evaluation Process.  

PubMed

During the 2013-2014 school year, the Shaker Heights, Ohio City school district was mandated to change its evaluation process as part of the Race to the Top initiative. Although not required by the federal or state Departments of Education, the Shaker Heights City school district tasked all members of their faculty and staff, including school nurses, to change their evaluation process in an effort to improve students' performances and outcomes. This article chronicles how the Shaker Heights school nurses modified their evaluation process by adhering to the scopes and standards of school nursing as described by the American Nurses Association and National Association of School Nurses. Their revised evaluation tool could usefully serve as a model for school districts nationwide; it improves student outcomes, increases the professionalism of the school nurse specialty, increases administrative understanding of their role, and increases their accountability as independent health providers in the school. PMID:24912959

Haffke, Louise Marie; Damm, Paula; Cross, Barbara

2014-12-01

216

History Jobs Decline 15% after Years of Growth  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reports that a five-year stretch of steady growth in the job market for academic historians is over. The number of job advertisements colleges have posted with the American Historical Association so far this academic year is down 15 percent from last year--the first decline since a slump that occurred in 2001-2002 and 2002-2003. The…

Wilson, Robin

2009-01-01

217

High School Concussions in the 2008-2009 Academic Year  

PubMed Central

Background An estimated 136 000 concussions occur per academic year in high schools alone. The effects of repetitive concussions and the potential for catastrophic injury have made concussion an injury of significant concern for young athletes. Purpose The objective of this study was to describe the mechanism of injury, symptoms, and management of sport-related concussions using the High School Reporting Information Online (HS RIO) surveillance system. Study Design Descriptive epidemiology study. Methods All concussions recorded by HS RIO during the 2008–2009 academic year were included. Analyses were performed using SPSS software. Chi-square analysis was performed for all categorical variables. Statistical significance was considered for P < .05. Results A total of 544 concussions were recorded. The most common mechanism (76.2%) was contact with another player, usually a head-to-head collision (52.7%). Headache was experienced in 93.4%; 4.6% lost consciousness. Most (83.4%) had resolution of their symptoms within 1 week. Symptoms lasted longer than 1 month in 1.5%. Computerized neuropsychological testing was used in 25.7% of concussions. When neuropsychological testing was used, athletes were less likely to return to play within 1 week than those for whom it was not used (13.6% vs 32.9%; P < .01). Athletes who had neuropsychological testing appeared less likely to return to play on the same day (0.8% vs 4.2%; P = .056). A greater proportion of injured, nonfootball athletes had computerized neuropsychological testing than injured football players (23% vs 32%; P = .02) Conclusion When computerized neuropsychological testing is used, high school athletes are less likely to be returned to play within 1 week of their injury. Concussed football players are less likely to have computerized neuropsychological testing than those participating in other sports. Loss of consciousness is relatively uncommon among high school athletes who sustain a sport-related concussion. The most common mechanism is contact with another player. Some athletes (1.5%) report symptoms lasting longer than 1 month. PMID:20716683

Meehan, William P.; d'Hemecourt, Pierre; Comstock, R. Dawn

2011-01-01

218

Dear Partner, Our Law School are running a number of Summer Schools next year and themed around  

E-print Network

Dear Partner, Our Law School are running a number of Summer Schools next year and themed around - 12-19 July International Trade Law in Tallinn - 27 July ­ 3 Aug The full fee for tuition and accommodation is £455.00 less 10% discount for partners. More information can be found at http://www.ntu.ac.uk/nls/international/summer_schools

Herrmann, Samuel

219

The Immunization Status of School-Age Children in Illinois for the 1998-99 School Year.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Immunization data are collected annually from Illinois public and nonpublic schools. This report is a compilation of the data on the immunization status of school-age children in Illinois for the school year 1998-99. The compliance level for all Illinois students is 97.25 percent. The data by specific disease category, based on the percent of…

Illinois State Board of Education, Springfield, Dept. of Planning, Research and Evaluation.

220

Yearend Report on Macy Program Consultation, James Hillhouse High School, New Haven, Connecticut, 1985-86 School Year.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Technical assistance provided to a public school enrichment program for low income ethnic minority students at New Haven's Hillhouse High School during the 1985-1986 school year is described. Attention is directed to three areas for which consultative support and technical assistance were provided: the Parent Contact Network, the Library Research…

Floyd, Nubra Elaine

221

Three-Year Results of the Friendly Schools Whole-of-School Intervention on Children's Bullying Behaviour  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A group randomized controlled trial tested the efficacy of the Friendly Schools program to reduce student bullying behaviour. This socio-ecological intervention targeted the whole school, classroom, family, and individual students to reduce bullying behaviour. Self-report data were collected in 29 schools over three years from a cohort of 1968…

Cross, Donna; Monks, Helen; Hall, Marg; Shaw, Therese; Pintabona, Yolanda; Erceg, Erin; Hamilton, Greg; Roberts, Clare; Waters, Stacey; Lester, Leanne

2011-01-01

222

Black Mesa Community School: Ten Years Later. A Progress Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Black Mesa Community School, serving elementary school children in an isolated district of the Arizona Navajo reservation, represents the first step in Indian self-determination for area Navajos. The school is the result of community efforts begun in 1972 with a petition to operate a full-time school program for grades K-4 at Kitsilee.…

Black Mesa Community School Board, Inc., Chinle, AZ.

223

School Reopened as Charter Under NCLB Winds Up Year 1  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As chronically underperforming schools around the country get to the point that the No Child Left Behind Act requires dramatic action, very few have gone the charter route. But Gompers Charter Middle School is one of three such San Diego schools that were shut down and reopened as charters. This article briefly discusses the steps this school took…

Robelen, Erik W.

2006-01-01

224

Changes in Weight over the School Year and Summer Vacation: Results of a 5-Year Longitudinal Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Evidence suggests that children gain more weight during the summer months compared with the school year. To examine the impact of the school and summer environment on children's weight further, we conducted a 5-year longitudinal study examining changes in standardized BMI (zBMI) of students entering kindergarten. Methods: Heights…

Moreno, Jennette P.; Johnston, Craig A.; Woehler, Deborah

2013-01-01

225

Analysis of Annual Report Data for School Years 1990, 1991, and 1992.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Annual report data for the 1990, 1991, and 1992 school years of schools and colleges accredited by the Accrediting Commission of Career Schools/Colleges of Technology were analyzed to determine whether such schools and colleges have any characteristics that are significantly related to their performance. The following six measures were derived:…

Lewis, Morgan V.

226

Montana Statewide Dropout and Graduate Report: 2004-05 School Year  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Montana School Accreditation Standards (10.55.603, ARM) require schools to do follow-up studies of graduates and students no longer in attendance. This report provides information on students who graduated or dropped out of Montana public, state-funded and nonpublic, accredited schools during the 2004-05 school year. Students who drop out of…

Montana Office of Public Instruction, 2006

2006-01-01

227

Indepth Study for Freeland Community Schools. Title of Proposed Study "STAY" (Start Teaching All Year). Study Conducted During the 1969-1970 School Year.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The "STAY" Program is a feasibility study of a proposed trimester year-round school program requiring that two-thirds of the students be in attendance at any one time. This study is intended as a technical guide for those school administrators and board members who plan to experiment with, or those who have installed, year-round programs. The…

Freeland Community Schools, MI.

228

New Mexico's Public Two-Year Colleges and Postsecondary Vocational Schools, 1976-77 Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In a collective report of New Mexico's twelve two-year colleges and postsecondary vocational schools, the following information is reported for each institution: the organizational statute, year of organization, vocational school designation, public school districts included within the institutional district, and the percent of district high…

New Mexico State Board of Educational Finance, Santa Fe.

229

Factors Influencing Classroom Behavioral Engagement during the First Year at School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present study examined child and school factors that might foster classroom behavioral engagement during the first year at school in a sample of 67 typically developing British 4-year-olds. The children were followed for 9 months from the summer before enrollment through the first 7 months of school. Our findings showed that effortful control…

Yang, Pei-Jung; Lamb, Michael E.

2014-01-01

230

Finding Ways to Effectively Use Year 12 Achievement Data to Inform Practice in Secondary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This action research explored how Year 12 achievement data were used by school personnel to inform practice within seven Catholic secondary schools. Deputy Principals of Curriculum from participating schools were interviewed regarding their perceptions of the improvement of Year 12 student achievement outcomes, and their insights into how to…

Italiano, Frank; Hine, Gregory

2014-01-01

231

Squashing the Millennium Bug: A Year 2000 Compliance Guide for Elementary/Secondary Schools and School Districts.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide was developed to assist the nation's elementary and secondary schools and school districts address their Year 2000 (Y2K) problem. The guide is divided into three sections: Squashing the Millennium Bug Step-by-Step; Remediating Specific Types of Systems; and Appendix. The first chapter presents the following steps for tackling the Year

Root, Mark; Carlson, Robert; Dexter, David; Karinch, Samantha; Kaplan, Heather

232

Forty Years of School Readiness Research: What Have We Learned?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The issue of children's school readiness concerns parents and teachers worldwide. Kindergarten teachers have reported that approximately one-third of U.S. children entering school are ill-prepared to achieve success. Experts also warn that many children are entering school lacking the fundamental skills to achieve academic success. It is…

Winter, Suzanne M.; Kelley, Michael F.

2008-01-01

233

Central Falls High School: First Year Transformation Report  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In January 2010, the Rhode Island Department of Education (RIDE) identified Central Falls High School (CFHS) as one of the state's persistently lowest-achieving schools. The Central Falls School District (CFSD) and the Central Falls Teachers Union (CFTU) considered the transformation model but could not come to an agreement initially around…

Burns, Amy; Whitney, Joye; Shah, Hardeek; Foley, Ellen; Dure, Elsa

2011-01-01

234

High School Transfer Students and the Transition to College: Timing and the Structure of the School Year  

PubMed Central

The timing of a high school transfer may shape students’ transitions to college through its (mis)alignment with the structure of the school year. A transfer that occurs during the summer interrupts the four-year high school career, whereas a transfer that occurs midyear disrupts both the four-year high school career and the structure of the school year. Using the Education Longitudinal Study of 2002 (ELS), the investigators find that the penalty suffered after the transfer depends on the degree to which students’ high school pathways synchronize with the curricular and extracurricular structure of the school year. Midyear transfer students appear to suffer the greatest postsecondary matriculation penalty. Students who transfer midyear are less likely to attend a four-year college compared with nontransfer and summer transfer students, whereas summer transfer students are less likely to attend a highly selective four-year college compared with their nontransfer counterparts. Curricular and extracurricular disruptions that transfer students experience after their school move explain some, but not all, of the negative associations observed between transferring and the transition to college. Directions for future research and the theoretical and policy implications of the results are discussed. PMID:24683277

Sutton, April; Muller, Chandra; Langenkamp, Amy G.

2013-01-01

235

Annual Report of the School Safety Committee for the 1976-1977 School Year.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report presents an analysis of crimes committed in the elementary and secondary schools of New York. It is noted that the New York City school system had 3,136 staff related incidents in 989 schools during 1976-77. Analysis of the data also indicated that 414 schools reported no staff related incidents and that an additional 148 schools

United Federation of Teachers, New York, NY.

236

Stability and Change in Rural Youths' Educational outcomes through the Middle and High School Years  

PubMed Central

There is a dearth of literature that examines rural youths’ school transition and adaptation over the middle and high school years. Given rural education challenges, this study examines rural youths’ developmental trajectories of self-reported grades and affective and behavioral educational outcomes (i.e., school belonging, value of education, school misbehavior, and extracurricular activity participation). The cohort-sequential study consisted of 3,312 African American and White youth (50% female) who were surveyed over three and a half years, including the transition to high school. The results reveal significant changes in the outcomes from sixth to twelfth grade. For example, on average, school misbehavior increased over time while perceived school belonging decreased over time. Gender and race differences emerged; African American youth reported placing higher importance on education and less participation in school activities than White youth. The discussion focuses on the importance of examining rural adolescents’ educational pathways during the high school transition. PMID:21140200

Witherspoon, Dawn; Ennett, Susan

2014-01-01

237

[Giving out extra meals to children at school in the District of Podlasie in year 2003].  

PubMed

The aim of this article was to evaluate the access of school children to different forms of school lunch programmes in a range of schools in the District of Podlasie. Substantial materials for this study were provided for by MZ 53 reports for the year 2003, which mainly concerned problems associated with hygiene of primary and secondary school children, as well as supplementary reports compiled by Regional Disease Control Centres in the District of Podlasie. In the area of Podlasie school meals were served as full and one-dish lunches. 21.95% of all the schools served full lunches, 7.66% schools served one-dish lunches, with secondary and primary schools constituting the highest percentage. 20.15% of the pupils took advantage of full lunches, 4.36% of one-dish lunches. 264 schools put forward a motion of serving drinks, which constitutes 36.01%. The above mentioned drinks were mostly served in the country branches of primary schools (67.56%) and primary schools (43.6%), rarely in secondary schools (10.71%). In the schools of higher academic standard pupils were offered no drinks. Milk drinks were available all through the school year in 1.36% of schools (0.47% pupils took advantage) and 0.27% of schools in the winter season (0.07% pupils took advantage). 26.72% of all the institutions suggested organizing in-company breakfasts in schools, and these were solely primary and secondary schools. School buffets were in operation in 32.49% of schools and 5.49% of schools had sweets and drinks machines vending pastry, fizzy and still drinks. PMID:19097584

Szczerbi?ski, Robert; Makowska, Krystyna; Szczesiul, Piotr Grzegorz

2004-01-01

238

Dental Injuries in Intermediate and High School Athletes: A 15-Year Study at Punahou School  

PubMed Central

Objective: To determine the rate, type, and severity of dental injuries recorded for intermediate and high school interscholastic athletic participants. Design and Setting: A longitudinal study (1988–2003) of intermediate and high school athletes utilizing the same certified athletic trainers to evaluate and record all injury data. Subjects: Sports participation included 123 teams in 19 female, 18 male, and 2 coed sports. Of 2445 Punahou School intermediate and high school students, on average, 1340 students (623 females, 717 males) annually participated in interscholastic athletics. Measurements: Dental injuries were defined as injuries to the jaw, teeth, and oral soft tissue (lip, mouth, cheek, and tongue). Soft tissue injuries requiring physician or dentist referral were recorded. Other soft tissue injuries were treated as skin abrasions and were not recorded. Actual days lost from activity were recorded. The estimated injury rate was determined (injuries/1000 athlete-sessions). Mouth-guard use was recorded. Results: During the 15-year study, 19?492 injuries were reported, with 56 (0.2%) recorded as dental injuries (23 tooth, 20 jaw, and 13 soft tissue). Injury rates were highest for girls' wrestling (0.243, confidence interval = 0–2.3), boys' judo (0.189, confidence interval = 0–3.6), and boys' soccer (0.127, confidence interval = 0.4–1.4). The football injury rate was 0.029 (confidence interval = 0.04–0.29), with no tooth injuries. Conclusions: The incidence and injury rate of dental injuries was extremely low for all reported sports. A universal definition of dental injuries must be established to facilitate injury data collection and analysis. PMID:15592602

Beachy, Glenn

2004-01-01

239

The past year has been a memorable one, with the Law School celebrating its 75th  

E-print Network

Welcome The past year has been a memorable one, with the Law School celebrating its 75th anniversary. The School's activities have not stopped since then. The new students threw themselves Campaign, as it is central to ensuring that the Law School has facilities which will enable it to compete

Bristol, University of

240

FORTY YEARS OF SCHOOL PLANT DISSERTATIONS. A REVIEW WITH SUGGESTIONS FOR FUTURE RESEARCH.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A BIBLIOGRAPHIC REVIEW OF PUBLISHED AND UNPUBLISHED DISSERTATIONS RELATED TO SCHOOL PLANTS IS COMPILED BY YEARS BEGINNING WITH STUDIES PRODUCED IN 1921 AND IS CROSS INDEXED BY TOPIC. IT REVIEWS THE SCHOOL PLANT PROBLEMS MOST INVESTIGATED BY STUDENTS. A BRIEF HISTORY OF SCHOOL BUILDING DEVELOPMENT IS PRESENTED IN LIGHT OF CORRESPONDING ECONOMIC AND…

CLASEN, ROBERT E.

241

Forty Years of Finnish Pre-School Education: The Development of Curricula between 1972 and 2000  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Since 2001 in Finland, all six year olds have had the right to free pre-school education, and almost all pre-school-aged children take advantage of this opportunity. The purpose of this article is to dissect the development of Finnish pre-school education curricula within the societal context and within the changes in trends of curriculum planning…

Turunen, Tuija A.; Maatta, Kaarina; Uusiautti, Satu

2012-01-01

242

Changing Times, Changing Minds: The Consultation Process in Considering Year-Round Schooling.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A review of literature on year-round schooling (YRS) points to the necessity of participant involvement in the change process. This document focuses on the story of one Ontario school board's deliberations around modifying the school calendar. Following the introduction, part 1 provides a background of YRS, its claims and criticisms, and…

Weiss, Joel; Coryell, Jane

243

The Relationship between Parental Involvement and Adequate Yearly Progress among Urban, Suburban, and Rural Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using national data from the 2007-08 School and Staffing Survey, we compared the relationships between parental involvement and school outcomes related to adequate yearly progress (AYP) in urban, suburban, and rural schools. Parent-initiated parental involvement demonstrated significantly positive relationships with both making AYP and staying off…

Ma, Xin; Shen, Jianping; Krenn, Huilan Y.

2014-01-01

244

The Development of Cooperation: Five Years of Participatory Design in the Virtual School  

E-print Network

239 The Development of Cooperation: Five Years of Participatory Design in the Virtual School John M teachers to define, develop, and assess network-based support for collaborative learning in middle school physical science and high school physics. From the outset, we committed to a participatory design approach

Carroll, John M.

245

Some Effects of Schooling: A Three Year Follow-Up of a Title III Project.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents an evaluation of a 3-year Title III project carried out in the Vigo County School Cooperation, Terre Haute, Indiana. The project involved the evaluation of three differing instructional methodologies utilized in three elementary schools which also differed in the socioeconomic background of the students. The Dixie Bee school,…

Barclay, James R.; And Others

246

Catholic Schools Still Make a Difference: Ten Years of Research, 1991-2000.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The collection of articles in this publication offers a review of the research on Catholic schools during the past decade, and as such, represents an update of "Catholic Schools Make a Difference: Twenty-Five Years of Research." Following the "Introduction," the volume is divided into five sections: (1) "Catholic Schools and the Broader Church"…

Hunt, Thomas C., Ed.; Joseph, Ellis A., Ed.; Nuzzi, Ronald J., Ed.

247

Beyond High School, before Baccalaureate: Meaningful Alternatives to a Four-Year Degree  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents 2011 edition of "Diplomas Count" which explores career-related study pathways for students that lie in the space between a high school diploma and a four-year degree-options such as community college, "early college," or high school career training that leads to occupational certification. It looks as well at what high schools

Education Week, 2011

2011-01-01

248

Teacher Candidates' Changing Perceptions of Urban Schools: Results of a 4-Year Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated changes in teacher candidates' perceptions of teaching in urban schools as they completed a 4-year teacher education program. Candidates were asked to respond in writing to two questions: "What are your concerns about teaching in an urban school?" and "What are the advantages of teaching in an urban school?" Data were…

Conaway, Betty J.; Browning, Larry J.; Purdum-Cassidy, Barbara

2007-01-01

249

Rural School District Enrollment and Building Capacity: Projections for the Next 10 Years  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Given the shifting population trends across the U.S. and Pennsylvania, it is important for policy makers and school districts to know what to expect, in terms of school district enrollment and facility needs, in the coming years. This research was conducted to provide a perspective on the potential building needs of school districts over the next…

Yan, Wenfan

2009-01-01

250

Education Vital Signs. Common Measures: A Challenging Year for Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An overview of the state of education. Through text and graphs, describes enrollment trends; spending on school construction, maintenance, and operations; changes in ACT and SAT scores; public opinion of educational vouchers and charter schools; and the growth of educational technology. (Contains eight graphs.) (WFA)

Flanigan, Robin L.

2003-01-01

251

High School Newspapers Still Censored Thirty Years after "Tinker."  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Investigates press freedom in high school newspapers at the end of the century. Concludes that the findings paint a clear picture of a high school student press that is not free, that is controlled mostly by advisers, but also by principals, and that views editing of the paper by the faculty adviser as the norm. (SG)

Kopenhaver, Lillian Lodge; Click, J. William

2001-01-01

252

Career Changers as First-Year High School Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Individuals who change careers to assume teaching roles in secondary schools are more likely to struggle in the classroom than those without such backgrounds. In this investigation, we identified three such career-changing teachers who were beginning their education careers in rural schools, and observed and interviewed them throughout their first…

Anderson, Holly; Fry, Sara; Hourcade, Jack J.

2014-01-01

253

School Finance and Energy through the Year 2000.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Since the publication of the original report, entitled "Fiscal Profile of America's Public Schools, 1981-85, and Associated Energy Implications," the national school revenue picture reveals: (1) a decline in federal aid to education, (2) a decline in state fiscal capacity, (3) a reduction in the state-local portion of public l 826/827 sector…

Hansen (Shirley J.) Associates, Inc., Lake Jackson, TX.

254

Measuring School Effectiveness in Memphis--Year 2. Final Report  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

New Leaders for New Schools, a nonprofit organization committed to training school principals, heads the Effective Practices Incentive Community (EPIC), an initiative that offers financial awards to effective educators. New Leaders and its partner organizations have received from the U.S. Department of Education tens of millions of dollars in…

Potamites, Liz; Chaplin, Duncan; Isenberg, Eric; Booker, Kevin

2009-01-01

255

Peer Victimization in Dutch School Classes of Four- to Five-Year-Olds: Contributing Factors at the School Level  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research was designed to examine how factors within young children's environment (e.g., school factors, neighborhood) contribute to explaining peer victimization. The sample comprised 2,003 children (between 4 and 5 years of age) from 98 classrooms in 23 elementary schools in the Netherlands. Teachers were asked to complete a questionnaire on…

Bonnet, Marielle; Goossens, Frits A.; Willemen, Agnes M.; Schuengel, Carlo

2009-01-01

256

A Bullying Intervention System in High School: A Two-Year School-Wide Follow-Up  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study is an evaluation of a systemic, two-year, whole-school bullying intervention initiative that was implemented in a US public high school. Students and staff members were anonymously surveyed before and after the intervention. The goals of the initiative were to reduce bullying and victimization, increase disclosure, increase intervention…

Allen, Kathleen P.

2010-01-01

257

A Year in the Life of an Elementary School: One School's Experiences in Meeting New Mathematics Standards  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This qualitative research project studied the efforts of a small public elementary school over the course of 1 academic year to meet higher standards imposed by the state. The state's department of education defined school success in terms of the percentage of students passing a set of multiple-choice, standardized tests in four core areas of the…

Dorgan, Karen

2004-01-01

258

Dropout Information for Twenty-Five Participating Connecticut School Districts--1987-88 and 1988-89 School Years.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report presents data from 25 school districts in Connecticut that were involved in dropout prevention planning programs in grades kindergarten through twelfth for the 1987-88 and 1988-89 school years. Each of these districts addresses the problems of both accounting for the dropout rate, and developing an effective and reliable method for the…

Connecticut State Dept. of Education, Hartford. Bureau of Research, Planning, and Evaluation.

259

An Evaluation of the Model School Division (MSD) Preschool Program for the School Year 1973-74.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study was designed to assess the extent to which children served by the Model Schools Division Preschool Program developed socially, intellectually, physically and emotionally during the 1973-74 school year. This evaluation was also designed to measure the appropriateness of the learning environment and the amount of services provided by the…

District of Columbia Public Schools, Washington, DC. Dept. of Research and Evaluation.

260

Creating Schools That Support Success for English Language Learners. Lessons Learned. Volume 1, Issue 2  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The past two decades have brought the second largest wave of immigration in U.S. history. This has led to a rapid and unprecedented influx of immigrants to the Pacific Northwest as well as a rise in the number of English language learners (ELLs) in schools. Between 2002-2003 and 2007-2008, the Northwest's annual growth in ELL enrollment was nearly…

Stepanek, Jennifer; Raphael, Jacqueline

2010-01-01

261

The influence of two years of school music training in secondary school on visual and auditory memory  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present study tested the effect of an extended music curriculum (EMC) for two years in secondary school, consisting of musical instrument, auditory perception, and music theory training, on children's visual and auditory memory. We tested 10-year-old children who had just started EMC and children without EMC (T0) in visual and auditory memory and retested the same children two years

Franziska Degé; Sina Wehrum; Rudolf Stark; Gudrun Schwarzer

2011-01-01

262

Assessment of a two-year school-based physical activity intervention among 7-9-year-old children  

PubMed Central

Background Physical activity (PA) in children has declined in recent decades, highlighting the need for effective intervention programs for school-aged children. The main objective of this study was to assess to what extent PA during and after school hours changed among children who received a progressive two-year long intervention vs. that of children who only received general curriculum-based PA. Methods A cluster randomized intervention study was conducted and six elementary schools randomly assigned to serve as control- or intervention schools. All children attending second grade (mean age = 7.4 years - born in 1999) were invited to participate in the fall of 2006 (N = 320, 82% participated), again in 2007 (midpoint) and 2008 (end of intervention). The intervention consisted of multi-component PA-intervention during school hours and was conducted by teachers at each intervention school. PA was assessed by means of accelerometers and subjectively at the intervention schools via teachers' PA log-books. Results There was no difference in PA intensity (minutes of moderate-to-vigorous physical activity - min of MVPA) between the two study groups at baseline, but children in the intervention schools were more physically active at moderate-to-vigorous intensity compared to those in control schools after one year of intervention (mean difference of MVPAlog-minutes: 0.61, 95%CI: 0.02, 1.20, p = 0.04). Moreover, the model for minutes of MVPA during school hours, showed a significant three-way interaction between time at mid-point, group and gender (mean difference of MVPAlog-minutes: 1.06, 95%CI: 0.15, 1.97, p = .02), indicating a significantly greater increase among the boys in the intervention schools compared to girls. No difference in PA was detected between the study groups at the end of the study period after two years of intervention. Conclusions The results suggest that the objective of increasing PA at school was met after one year of intervention, and it was more pronounced among boys. The lack of increase at the end of the study period suggested that any increase in PA during school may highly depend on both motivation and training of general teachers. Boys may respond better to PA interventions such as the one described in this study. PMID:22185086

2011-01-01

263

Using State Child Labor Laws to Identify the Effect of School-Year Work on High School Achievement  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article uses variation in the labor supply of twelfth-grade students created by interstate variations in child labor laws to estimate the effect of school-year work on twelfth-grade math achievement. The instrumental variable estimates in this article indicate that an exogenous decrease in school-year hours worked of 10 hours per week would result in a 0.2 standard deviation increase in

2003-01-01

264

My 4-H ________________ Project Record Name _________________________________ Boy Girl Grade in school Year born  

E-print Network

in school Year born (first) (last) (year) Club name ___________________________ Leader offers educational programs, activities, and materials without discrimination based on age, color, disability, gender identity or expression, marital status, national origin, race, religion, sex, sexual

Tullos, Desiree

265

Implementing a Highly Specified Curricular, Instructional, and Organizational School Design in a High-Poverty Urban Elementary School: Three Year Results. Report No. 20.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report provides background, implementation, and diverse outcome data from the first 3 years of an ongoing effort to implement a highly specified school reform design in a high-poverty, urban elementary school, Woodson Elementary School, Baltimore (Maryland). The design that is being implemented is the Calvert School model. The Calvert School

McHugh, Barbara; Stringfield, Sam

266

Changes in student motivation over the final year of high school  

Microsoft Academic Search

The final year of high school in New South Wales (Australia) is characterised by a high stakes, performance-oriented learning environment. This article is a report of the results of an investigation into the changes over time that may occur in the achievement motivation of final-year school students. Two sets of analyses of repeated measures are reported. The results indicate that

Lorraine Smith

2004-01-01

267

Chapter 1 Early Childhood Education Report. 1989-90 Year-End Evaluation Report. Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of the Chapter 1 Early Childhood Education Program in Portland Public Schools is to provide disadvantaged children the experiences needed to ameliorate the disadvantages resulting from their circumstances. This evaluation report of the 1989-90 school year concludes the program's 18th year of operation. The preschool program consisted…

Yagi, Kan

268

An analysis of the perceived concerns of first-year high school science teachers  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose was to identify and describe the concerns reported by first year high school science teachers. Participants were first year high school science teachers from the Houston-Galveston-Brazoria Consolidated Metropolitan Statistical Area (CMSA - Greater Houston, 1999). Using a survey research design, data were collected with a descriptive survey, the Teacher Concerns Survey, and a follow-up telephone interview. This instrument

Sandra Lee Olson

2001-01-01

269

For children in care in school years 9 -13 Tuesday 9 December 2014  

E-print Network

STARGAZING For children in care in school years 9 - 13 Tuesday 9 December 2014 www place, please visit our website: #12;STARGAZING For children in care in school years 9 - 13 www.cam.ac.uk/care-events Would you like to... ... hear about outer space from a Cambridge astrophysicist? ...gaze at the stars

Steiner, Ullrich

270

For Children in Care in school years 9 -13 Wednesday 11 December 2013  

E-print Network

STARGAZING For Children in Care in school years 9 - 13 Wednesday 11 December 2013 www (weather permitting). To book your place, please visit our website: #12;STARGAZING For Children in Care in school years 9 - 13 www.cam.ac.uk/care-events Would you like to... ... find out what a space spider

Talbot, James P.

271

For Children in Care in school years 9 -13 Wednesday 13 November 2013  

E-print Network

STARGAZING For Children in Care in school years 9 - 13 Wednesday 13 November 2013 www (weather permitting). To book your place, please visit our website: #12;STARGAZING For Children in Care in school years 9 - 13 www.cam.ac.uk/care-events Would you like to... ... hear about outer space from

Steiner, Ullrich

272

Articulation in Accounting: Reactions of High School and Two-Year College Accounting Educators.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study examined the reactions of New York high school and two-year college accounting educators concerning articulation between secondary and postsedondary accounting programs in the State. During the study, 56 percent of the high school faculty and 75 percent of the two-year accounting faculty in western New York responded to questions…

Golen, Steven

273

Tufts University School of Dental Medicine 8 Year Early Assurance Program  

E-print Network

Tufts University School of Dental Medicine 8 Year Early Assurance Program Application Instructions to Trustees of Tufts College. 3. Applications should be sent to: Tufts University School of Dental Medicine Office of Admissions One Kneeland Street ­ 15th Floor Boston, MA 02111 c/o Tufts 8 Year Early Assurance

Dennett, Daniel

274

Gender, Popularity and Notions of In/Authenticity amongst 12-Year-Old to 13-Year-Old School Girls  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper draws on data from a research project investigating gendered identities and interactions of high-achieving students in Year Eight in England (12-13 years old), particularly in relation to students' "popularity" amongst their peers. As part of this study 71 students were interviewed from nine different schools in urban, rural and small…

Read, Barbara; Francis, Becky; Skelton, Christine

2011-01-01

275

Gender, popularity and notions of in\\/authenticity amongst 12?year?old to 13?year?old school girls  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper draws on data from a research project investigating gendered identities and interactions of high?achieving students in Year Eight in England (12–13 years old), particularly in relation to students’ ‘popularity’ amongst their peers. As part of this study 71 students were interviewed from nine different schools in urban, rural and small town locations. From an analysis of participants’ conceptions

Barbara Read; Becky Francis; Christine Skelton

2011-01-01

276

Update with 2009-10 Data and Five-Year Trends: How Many Schools Have Not Made Adequate Yearly Progress?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Recently, much attention has focused on the number of schools in the nation failing to make adequate yearly progress (AYP) in raising student achievement under the No Child Left Behind Act (NCLB). The Obama Administration has projected a dramatic increase in this number as 2014--the year when 100% of students are expected to score proficient on…

Usher, Alexandra

2011-01-01

277

School Context Protective Factors Against Peer Ethnic Discrimination Across the High School Years  

Microsoft Academic Search

Ethnically diverse high school contexts present unique social opportunities for youth to form interethnic relationships, but\\u000a they may also subject students to certain social challenges such as peer ethnic discrimination. With a sample of 1,072 high\\u000a school students (55% girls; 54% Latino, 20% African American, 14% Asian, 12% White) attending 84 high schools, school context\\u000a factors that protect students’ exposure

Amy Bellmore; Adrienne Nishina; Ji-in You; Ting-Lan Ma

278

Overseas Employment Opportunities for Educators. Department of Defense Dependents Schools, School Year 1988-89.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This brochure contains information with regard to teacher recruitment procedures for employment in schools operating on United States military bases overseas. The elementary and secondary schools and community colleges provide education for children of military and civilian personnel assigned overseas and are similar to schools in the United…

Dependents Schools (DOD), Washington, DC.

279

Measuring School and Teacher Effectiveness in EPIC Charter School Consortium--Year 2. Final Report  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

New Leaders for New Schools, a nonprofit organization committed to training school principals, heads the Effective Practices Incentive Community (EPIC), an initiative that offers financial awards to effective educators. Through this initiative, New Leaders offers financial awards to educators in two urban school districts and a consortium of…

Potamites, Liz; Booker, Kevin; Chaplin, Duncan; Isenberg, Eric

2009-01-01

280

Taking Stock: Five Years of Structural Change in Boston's Public Schools  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Boston Foundation has recently completed a study of the past five years of structural change in Boston's public schools. This report, released in January 2014, is a welcome contribution to research on the state of U.S. public schools and includes updates on grade-level evaluations, school autonomy and âÂÂunresolved issues.â There's a nice timeline that runs alongside the text of the report that tracks key educational changes throughout the Boston Public School system over the past decade. For those with an interest in public school reform and the future of American cities, this report is most valuable.

2014-01-01

281

Academic achievement in the high school years: the changing role of school engagement.  

PubMed

School engagement is an important theoretical and practical cornerstone to the promotion of academic accomplishments. This article used a tripartite-behavioral, emotional, and cognitive-model of school engagement to assess the relationship between school engagement and academic success among high school students, and to determine whether a reciprocal relationship exists between these constructs. Data were derived from 710 youth (69% female) who took part in Waves 6 through 8 (Grades 10 through 12) of the 4-H study of positive youth development. Longitudinal confirmatory factor analyses confirmed the invariance of the tripartite model of school engagement. Results of a structural equation model showed that the components of school engagement and academic achievement were mutually predictive and that these predictions varied from grade to grade. Future possibilities for evaluating the relationship between school engagement and academic achievement, as well as the implications for educational policy and practice, are discussed. PMID:24477498

Chase, Paul A; Hilliard, Lacey J; Geldhof, G John; Warren, Daniel J A; Lerner, Richard M

2014-06-01

282

Eight Model Schools: An End-of-the-Year Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Educational computing projects profiled focus on computer programing, computer literacy, an electronic bulletin board for math/science research, computer managed instruction for reading, word processing throughout the curriculum, parental participation in computer literacy, and an electronic interstate school newspaper. A list of sources for…

Electronic Learning, 1984

1984-01-01

283

Help Neighborhood Center Program, School Year 1975-1976.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report evaluated the impact of the Help-Neighborhood Center Program which was designed to inform parents of fifth through eighth grade students about health problems and community concerns. Four thousand elementary and junior high school students and 100 parents participated in workshops on venereal disease, drug abuse, welfare rights, mental…

Siperstein, Gary N.

284

AIRBORNE ASBESTOS CONCENTRATIONS THREE YEARS AFTER ABATEMENT IN SEVENTEEN SCHOOLS  

EPA Science Inventory

From 1988 through 1991, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's Risk Reduction Engineering Laboratory and the New Jersey Department of Health's Environmental Health Service conducted air monitoring in 17 schools in New Jersey to determine the effectiveness of their asbestos c...

285

New Mexico Dropout Study: School Year 1989-90.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Data from an annual study conducted in 1989-90 on the extent and nature of the dropout problem in New Mexico public schools is presented in this document. Data is reported in these categories: annual dropout rate by grade, gender, and ethnicity for grades 9-12 and 7-8; dropout rate by ethnicity and grade; dropout rate by ethnicity and gender;…

New Mexico State Dept. of Education, Santa Fe.

286

Career Changers as First-Year Teachers in Rural Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The challenges novice teachers face as they adjust to inservice teaching are well documented. However, relatively little attention has been given to beginning teachers in rural schools who have had previous careers in other professions. We used qualitative methods to examine the professional experiences and perceptions of four career-changing…

Fry, Sara Winstead; Anderson, Holly

2011-01-01

287

School Choice in Dayton, Ohio: An Evaluation After One Year.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Despite their limitations, early evaluations of voucher programs provided program operators and evaluation teams with opportunities to learn the problems accompanying the study of school vouchers. Subsequent voucher programs in Dayton (Ohio), New York, and Washington, D.C., were designed to allow for the collection of high-quality information…

Howell, William G.; Peterson, Paul E.

288

"Yeshivawatch"--Year Four [and] Unionization of Medical School Faculty.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

New decisions of the National Labor Relations Board and/or its Regional Directors concerning claims like the "NLRB v. Yeshiva" case are briefly described. The cases of the following schools that have filed Yeshiva-related claims are outlined: Florida Memorial College, College of Osteopathic Medicine and Surgery (COMS), Stevens Institute of…

Douglas, Joel M., Ed.

1983-01-01

289

Ten Years On: How Schools View Educational Reform.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report describes the findings of the New Zealand Council for Educational Research's 1999 national survey, in its series looking at the impact of educational reform on primary and intermediate schools. In 1989 reforms were enacted that abolished the Department of Education and began elections for boards of trustees who took responsibility for…

Wylie, Cathy

290

The Burden of Brown. Thirty Years of School Desegregation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Supreme Court's decision in Brown vs. Board of Education is one of the most important events in the recent history of the United States. Although "Brown" prohibited the use of racial discrimination to separate the races in the Topeka (Kansas) schools, similar cases from Delaware, South Carolina, and Virginia were consolidated on appeal, and a…

Wolters, Raymond

291

Project Homeroom, Second Year Experiences: A Final Report on the Project in the Maine East High School, New Trier High School, Amos Alonzo Stagg High School.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Project Homeroom is an innovative attempt by several Chicago-area schools, International Business Machines, and Ameritech to introduce state-of-the-art computing and telecommunications resources into the educational environment. This report details the second and final year's efforts in three high schools. An evaluation team from the Technological…

Hecht, Jeffrey B.; And Others

292

Pre-K Longitudinal Study: Findings from the 1999-2000 School Year.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Georgia Prekindergarten Program was established in 1993 to provide the state's 4-year-olds with high-quality preschool experiences. A five-year, longitudinal study examined the ways in which differences in prekindergarten services received by 3,639 Pre-K 4-year-olds affected them during their first 3 years of elementary school and assessed the…

Henry, Gary T.; Gordon, Craig S.; Mashburn, Andrew; Ponder, Bentley D.

293

National Data on Participation in VET in Schools Programs & School-Based New Apprenticeships for the 2004 School Year  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Early in 2005, the Ministerial Council on Education, Employment, Training and Youth Affairs (MCEETYA) Taskforce on Transition from School collected data on vocational education and training (VET) in Schools from all States and Territories in the following areas: (1) number of students enrolled in VET in Schools programs; (2) industry coverage by…

Ministerial Council on Education, Employment, Training and Youth Affairs (NJ1), 2005

2005-01-01

294

Staying Cool Across the First Year of Middle School  

Microsoft Academic Search

As students transition into middle school they must successfully negotiate a new, larger peer context to attain or maintain\\u000a high social standing. The goal of this study was to examine the extent to which the maintenance, attainment, and loss of a\\u000a cool status over the course of the sixth grade is associated with student and classroom levels of physical, verbal,

Amy BellmoreVanessa; Vanessa M. Villarreal; Alice Y. Ho

2011-01-01

295

School nurses' experiences of delivering the UK HPV vaccination programme in its first year  

PubMed Central

Background In the United Kingdom (UK) in September 2008, school nurses began delivering the HPV immunisation programme for girls aged 12 and 13 years old. This study offers insights from school nurses' perspectives and experiences of delivering this new vaccination programme. Methods Thirty in-depth telephone interviews were conducted with school nurses working across the UK between September 2008 and May 2009. This time period covers the first year of the HPV vaccination programme in schools. School nurses were recruited via GP practices, the internet and posters targeted at school nurse practitioners. Results All the school nurses spoke of readying themselves for a deluge of phone calls from concerned parents, but found that in fact few parents telephoned to ask for more information or express their concerns about the HPV vaccine. Several school nurses mentioned a lack of planning by policy makers and stated that at its introduction they felt ill prepared. The impact on school nurses' workload was spoken about at length by all the school nurses. They believed that the programme had vastly increased their workload leading them to cut back on their core activities and the time they could dedicate to offering support to vulnerable pupils. Conclusion Overall the first year of the implementation of the HPV vaccination programme in the UK has exceeded school nurses' expectations and some of its success may be attributed to the school nurses' commitment to the programme. It is also the case that other factors, including positive newsprint media reporting that accompanied the introduction of the HPV vaccination programme may have played a role. Nevertheless, school nurses also believed that the programme had vastly increased their workload leading them to cut back on their core activities and as such they could no longer dedicate time to offer support to vulnerable pupils. This unintentional aspect of the programme may be worthy of further exploration. PMID:21864404

2011-01-01

296

Substance use outcomes 5˝ years past baseline for partnership-based, family-school preventive interventions  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article reports adolescent substance use outcomes of universal family and school preventive interventions 5˝ years past baseline. Participants were 1677 7th grade students from schools (N=36) randomly assigned to the school-based Life Skills Training plus the Strengthening Families Program: For Parents and Youth 10–14 (LST+SFP 10–14), LST-alone, or a control condition. Self-reports were collected at baseline, 6 months later

Richard L. Spoth; G. Kevin Randall; Linda Trudeau; Chungyeol Shin; Cleve Redmond

2008-01-01

297

Comprehensive School Reform Instructional Practices throughout a School Year: The Role of Subject Matter, Grade Level, and Time of Year  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background/Context: The achievement effects of Comprehensive School Reform (CSR) programs have been studied through the use of input-output models, in which type of CSR program is the input and student achievement is the output. Although specific programs have been found to be more effective and evaluated more than others, teaching practices in…

Wiley, Caroline H.; Good, Thomas L.; McCaslin, Mary

2008-01-01

298

School Program Selection: Why Schools Worldwide Choose the International Baccalaureate Middle Years Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

School improvement and reform efforts frequently involve the adoption of a new curriculum program. This article examines the factors that influence program selection when schools have freedom to choose as opposed to having programs mandated by district, state, or national education authorities. Survey and document analysis are used to examine the…

Sperandio, Jill

2010-01-01

299

School-Based Health Centers: National Census School Year 2004-05  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The National Assembly on School-Based Health Care conducted the 2004-05 Census, the tenth count of school-based health centers (SBHCs) since 1986, to: (1) provide a better understanding of the role of SBHCs in meeting the needs of underserved children and adolescents; (2) collect up-to-date data on demographics, staffing services, operations,…

Juszczak, Linda; Schlitt, John; Moore, Aisha

2007-01-01

300

School-Based Health Centers: National Census School Year 2007-08  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The National Assembly on School-Based Health Care's (NASBHC) 2007-2008 Census is the 11th request for data from school-based health centers (SBHCs) since 1986. The Census: (1) provides a better understanding of the role of SBHCs in meeting the needs of underserved children and adolescents; (2) collects relevant trend data on demographics,…

Strozer, Jan; Juszczak, Linda; Ammerman, Adrienne

2010-01-01

301

Adlai E. Stevenson High School Bilingual Program; School Year 1975-76.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report is an evaluation of a New York City school district educational project designed to offer bilingual instructional and supportive services to ninth, tenth, and eleventh grade high school students under funding from Title Vll of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965. Its main objectives were to increase (1) the basic English…

Soles, Stanley

302

A Unique Partnership: Year 1 as a Professional Development School in an Urban Environment.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the first year of a Professional Development School initiative involving an urban university and local elementary school. The partnership began through the principal's efforts to provide professional development for her teachers and extra hands in the classroom. As interested people became involved, they conveyed the message of the power…

Himel, Mabel T.; Hall, Mary Lee; Henderson, Virginia; Floyd, Ruth

2000-01-01

303

Music and Media Day Day Event for Children in Care in school years 7 -9  

E-print Network

Music and Media Day Day Event for Children in Care in school years 7 - 9 If you're interested June 2014 www.cam.ac.uk/care-events #12;Music and Media Day Day Event for Children in Care in school in music, technology, and media then this day event is for you! Create your own film music, get to grips

Steiner, Ullrich

304

Does Year Round Schooling Affect the Outcome and Growth of California's API Scores?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examined whether year round schooling (YRS) in California had an effect upon the outcome and growth of schools' Academic Performance Index (API) scores. While many previous studies had examined the connection between YRS and academic achievement, most had lacked the statistical rigour required to provide reliable interpretations. As a…

Wu, Amery D.; Stone, Jake E.

2010-01-01

305

A Year after Columbine: Public Looks to Parents More than Schools To Prevent Violence.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An April 2000 telephone survey queried a nationwide sample of 1,000 adults, including 283 parents of children ages 5 to 17 years, concerning school violence and other issues in the news. The vast majority of those surveyed said they believe it is the responsibility of parents to ensure that school shootings, such as occurred at Columbine High…

Pew Research Center for the People and the Press, Washington, DC.

306

Job Entry Level Competencies of a One Year Barber School Graduate. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To determine the competency level required of a one-year graduate from barber school and to obtain information that would enable vocational-technical schools to plan their curriculum to better meet student barber needs, a survey was conducted in Wisconsin of 629 barber shop managers, 75 journeymen, and 200 apprentices. Picked at random, these…

Swerman, Richard A.; Wurtzel, Norbert K.

307

Alumni and Friends of the Jackson School, This year offers a reminder that great dreams  

E-print Network

Alumni and Friends of the Jackson School, This year offers a reminder that great dreams can come dream of becoming the world's top geosciences program. Warmly, Sharon Mosher, Dean The Jackson School and safety of these labs and bring them up to current state-of-the-art standards. Bureau of Economic Geology

Texas at Austin, University of

308

Sociodemographic correlates of food habits among school adolescents (12–15 year) in north Gaza Strip  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: There is little information about meal patterns and food consumption of adolescents in Palestine. The objective of this study was to describe the association between sociodemographic factors and food intake, and meal patterns among Palestinian school adolescents (12–15 year) in North Gaza Strip. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted in 2002 comprising 944 subjects in 10 schools in Gaza

Abdallah H Abudayya; Hein Stigum; Zumin Shi; Yehia Abed; Gerd Holmboe-Ottesen

2009-01-01

309

CELEBRATING OUR HISTORY A look back on 114 years of the OHSU School of Dentistry  

E-print Network

CELEBRATING OUR HISTORY A look back on 114 years of the OHSU School of Dentistry #12;Many states College of Dentistry took out papers as a private corporation on Dec. 20, 1898, the first dental school students and caring for patients in October of 1899.3 The Oregon College of Dentistry, located at what

Chapman, Michael S.

310

Difficulties and Possibilities in the Design of First-Year Design Courses in Architectural Schools  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper begins with a review of recent changes in curricular contents of first-year design courses in major architectural schools. This is based chiefly on the study of research papers and teaching materials offered by the schools. Diversified approaches to basic design re-animate the debate of the role of design in architectural education and of the relationship between basic design

Min-Fu Hsu

311

School-to-Careers: Report on the Year 4 Evaluation of Nevada's STC Implementation System.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report is a summary of the evaluation of the Nevada School-to-Careers (STC) Year 4 (1999-2000) implementation and the extent to which implementation supported eight messages STC is intended to send. Results from three surveys are included: Quantitative Benchmark Survey, School Implementation Profile, and Student Exit Survey. All regional…

Loesch-Griffin, Deborah; Rye, Alyssa

312

Trends of School Violence across Years: What Do TIMSS and TIMSS-R Tell Us?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated how patterns of school violence change across years using data extracted from the school questionnaire in the Third International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS) and the TIMSS-Repeat (TIMSS-R). Violence was operationally defined as a continuum or hierarchy of physical and nonphysical aggression. The study found that…

Yu, Lei

313

High School Concussions in the 2008-2009 Academic YearMechanism, Symptoms, and Management  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: An estimated 136 000 concussions occur per academic year in high schools alone. The effects of repetitive concussions and the potential for catastrophic injury have made concussion an injury of significant concern for young athletes.Purpose: The objective of this study was to describe the mechanism of injury, symptoms, and management of sport-related concussions using the High School Reporting Information

William P. Meehan; Pierre dHemecourt; R. Dawn Comstock

2010-01-01

314

Project A+, Elementary Technology Demonstration Schools, 1991-92: The Second Year.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Elementary Technology Demonstration Schools program, where four elementary schools were equipped with computer hardware and software, was made possible by grants from IBM and Apple, Inc. The goals of the program were, in 3 years, to reduce by 50% the number of students not in their age appropriate grade level and those students not achieving…

Nichols, Todd; Frazer, Linda

315

Personnel Needs in School Psychology: A 10-Year Follow-Up Study on Predicted Personnel Shortages  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Concerns regarding whether a sufficient supply of school psychologists exists have been evident for decades. Studies have predicted that school psychology would face a critical personnel shortage that would peak in 2010, but continue into the foreseeable future. The current study is a 10-year follow-up investigation based on previously published…

Castillo, Jose M.; Curtis, Michael J.; Tan, Sim Yin

2014-01-01

316

Examining the Influence of Perceived Discrimination during African American Adolescents' Early Years of High School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research has identified successful transitions from middle to high school as critical for students' academic success. Identifying risks and protective factors associated with challenge or success in the early years of high school is crucial, especially for African American students who are disproportionately represented in the ranks of adolescents…

Thompson, Aisha R.; Gregory, Anne

2011-01-01

317

Minnesota School Readiness Year Two Study: Developmental Assessment at Kindergarten Entrance, Fall 2003  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A large and growing body of research supports the critical relationship between early childhood experiences and successful life-long outcomes. Assessing the readiness of children as they enter school is a high priority. This report describes findings from Year Two of the assessment of school readiness with a larger random sample of children…

Minnesota Department of Education, 2004

2004-01-01

318

Lessons Learned from the First Year of an Urban Charter School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This qualitative study examined the formidable and unanticipated challenges encountered by teachers at a new urban charter school during the first year. These teachers--who largely were novices to urban education--worked diligently to motivate and teach the children--many of whom resisted classroom learning because of their frustrations in schools

McDermott, Peter; Rothenberg, Julia Johnson; Baker, Kim

2006-01-01

319

Predictors of Success with Writing in the First Year of School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Language and literacy skills are instrumental to success at school and early success with writing is a key factor in literacy development. By eight years of age, children spend up to half of their school day engaged in writing tasks suggesting that those who find learning to write difficult may be disadvantaged. The ability to hear and record…

Mackenzie, Noella; Hemmings, Brian

2014-01-01

320

Creating High-Performing Middle Schools in Segregated Settings: 50 Years after Brown  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Fifty years after the "Brown" decision, it is timely to examine whether society has supported middle level educators in creating schools where young adolescents living in poor communities do indeed attend schools that are socially just, diverse, democratic, and culturally relevant. In this article, the authors explore the significance of race and…

Davis, Donna M.; Thompson, Sue C.

2004-01-01

321

General Information Bulletin: Grade 12 Diploma Examinations Program, School Year 1987-88.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This bulletin contains general guidelines on the Diploma Examinations Program required for all grade 12 students for the 1987-88 school year in Alberta, Canada. The grade 12 Diploma Examinations Program is an integral part of the high school diploma requirements and is intended to develop and maintain excellence in educational standards through…

Alberta Dept. of Education, Edmonton. Student Evaluation and Records Branch.

322

The Everyday Classificatory Practices of Selective Schooling: A Fifty-Year Retrospective  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The fifty-year retrospective has led to recent media interest in the comprehensive school. Bristol, located in the south-west of England, is frequently portrayed as an early provider. This article draws on documentary evidence and life-history interviews with ex-pupils to explore this claim. It finds that they were not comprehensive schools, but…

Brine, Jacky

2006-01-01

323

BREN SCHOOL PH.D. PROGRAM GUIDE 2009-2010 Academic Year  

E-print Network

BREN SCHOOL PH.D. PROGRAM GUIDE 2009-2010 Academic Year TIMELINE SUMMARY ............................................................................ 15 STAGE THREE YOUR DISSERTATION PROPOSAL.D. PROGRAM GUIDE 2009-2010 THE PH.D. IN ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE AND MANAGEMENT The Bren School's Ph.D. program

California at Santa Barbara, University of

324

What Is the Status of High School Athletes 8 Years after Their Senior Year? Statistics in Brief. NCES 2005-303  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This Statistics in Brief examines the status of high school athletes 8 years after their senior year in high school. Using a representative sample of 10th-graders in 1990, who were seniors in 1992, from the National Education Longitudinal Study of 1988 (NELS:88), this Brief provides information on the 1990-1992 high school athletes' educational,…

Carlson, Deven; Scott, Leslie; Planty, Michael; Thompson, Jennifer

2005-01-01

325

Design of Value-Added Models for IMPACT and TEAM in DC Public Schools, 2010-2011 School Year. Final Report  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report presents the value-added models that will be used to measure school and teacher effectiveness in the District of Columbia Public Schools (DCPS) in the 2010-2011 school year. It updates the earlier technical report, "Measuring Value Added for IMPACT and TEAM in DC Public Schools." The earlier report described the methods used to…

Isenberg, Eric; Hock, Heinrich

2011-01-01

326

The Early Years: Embracing the Challenges. 1997 Early Years of Schooling Conference Proceedings (Melbourne, Australia, July 20-21, 1997).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

These conference proceedings comprise 19 papers and the plenary session presented at the Early Years Schooling Conference held in Melbourne, Australia. The plenary session was "A Developmental Approach to Teaching Young Children" conducted by Lilian Katz. The keynote addresses and breakout sessions were: (1) "Developmental Learning: How to Learn"…

Victoria Education Dept. (Australia).

327

Psychiatry in Medicine: Five Years of Experience with an Innovative Required Fourth-Year Medical School Course  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: The author reports on a required fourth-year course, Psychiatry in Medicine, which was started in 1999 at Stony Brook Medical School. The aim was to address two important concerns in medical education at Stony Brook and throughout the United States: 1) the failure to recognize psychiatric pathology in outpatient medical settings and 2)…

Halperin, Peter J.

2006-01-01

328

School opportunities and physical activity frequency in nine year old children  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective:  To examine the association between physical activity (PA) opportunities at school and participation in PA outside of school\\u000a physical education (PE) classes among 9 year old children.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Methods:  Data were obtained in a representative sample of 1 267 students nested within 69 schools who completed questionnaires; principals\\u000a provided data on schools. Students’ PA frequency was defined as all reported episodes of past

Tracie A. Barnett; Jennifer L. O’Loughlin; Lise Gauvin; Gilles Paradis; James Hanley; Jennifer J. McGrath; Marie Lambert

2009-01-01

329

Students' perceptions of school climate during the middle school years: associations with trajectories of psychological and behavioral adjustment.  

PubMed

A cross-domain latent growth curve model was used to examine the trajectories of change in student perceptions of four critical dimensions of school climate (i.e., teacher support, peer support, student autonomy in the classroom, and clarity and consistency in school rules and regulations) among 1,451 early adolescents from the beginning of sixth through the end of eighth grade; and the effects of such trajectories on the rate of change in psychological and behavioral adjustment. Findings indicated that all of the dimensions of perceived school climate declined over the 3 years of middle school. Furthermore, declines in each of the dimensions of perceived school climate were associated with declines over time in psychological and behavioral adjustment. Moreover, the direction of effects between each dimension of perceived school climate and psychological or behavioral adjustment were often unidirectional rather than bi-directional, underscoring the role of perceived school climate in the psychological and behavioral health of early adolescents. Gender and socioeconomic class differences in these patterns are noted. PMID:17968655

Way, Niobe; Reddy, Ranjini; Rhodes, Jean

2007-12-01

330

A Social Relations Analysis of Children's Trust in Their Peers across the Early Years of School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Two hundred and five (103 female and 102 male) children enrolled in school years 1 and 2 in the UK (mean age 6 years 1 month at Time 1) were tested twice over a 1-year period. The children reported the promise keeping and secret keeping behaviours of classmates (all peers and same-gender peers) and provided friendship nominations (Time 2 only).…

Betts, Lucy R.; Rotenberg, Ken J.

2008-01-01

331

5 Year MIA/MPA Program School of International and Public Affairs  

E-print Network

administration or international affairs. What makes a good applicant to the program? (academic, personal5 Year MIA/MPA Program School of International and Public Affairs What is the SIPA 5-Year Program? The SIPA 5-Year Program is an accelerated joint masters program allowing accepted students to earn a BA

Hone, James

332

Associations Between Changing Developmental Contexts and Risky Sexual Behavior in the Two Years Following High School  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present study tested associations between common developmental contexts (relationship involvement, independent living,\\u000a college attendance, work) and risky sexual behavior (casual sex, inconsistent condom use, high-risk sex) across the 2 years\\u000a following high school. Data were drawn from the Raising Healthy Children project, and included 801 participants aged 18–21 years.\\u000a Longitudinal analyses, which controlled for early sexual debut, high school substance

Jennifer A. BaileyKevin; Kevin P. Haggerty; Helene R. White; Richard F. Catalano

333

Supporting middle school students' construction of evidence-based arguments: Impact of and student interactions with computer-based argumentation scaffolds  

Microsoft Academic Search

Middle school students have difficulty creating evidence-based arguments (EBAs) during problem-based learning (PBL) units due to challenges (a) adequately representing the unit's central problem (Ge & Land, 2004; Liu & Bera, 2005), (b) determining and obtaining the most relevant evidence (Pedersen & Liu, 2002-2003), and (c) synthesizing gathered information to construct a sound argument (Cho & Jonassen, 2002). I designed

Brian Robert Belland

2008-01-01

334

Are Physical Education-Related State Policies and Schools' Physical Education Requirement Related to Children's Physical Activity and Obesity?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: This study examines whether the extent of states' physical education (PE) requirement policies and the prevalence of schools requiring PE are associated with children's physical activity (PA) and obesity. Methods: Two cycles (2002-2003 and 2006-2007) of cross-sectional data with individual- and state-level information were…

Kim, Jinsook

2012-01-01

335

Evaluating Interrelate's School Education Programs: Moving Into the Teen Years  

Microsoft Academic Search

Moving Into The Teen Years (MITTY) is one of six relationship and sexuality education programs delivered by Interrelate Family Centres. It involves a series of four 90-minute class-based sessions (with a take-home workbook to encourage parental engagement). It is designed to enhance Year 6 students’ self-esteem, communication and decision-making skills, to provide in-depth information about boys’ and girls’ bodies, the

Sallie Newell; Wendy Britt; Anne Graham

2011-01-01

336

Evaluation of Programs for Limited English Proficient Students, Fiscal Year 1990 (School Year 1989-1990).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Data on Idaho's limited-English-proficient (LEP) population and the educational services provided to them are reported, as required by federal regulation governing Elementary and Secondary Education Act TITLE VII grants. The first part summarizes the information gained from data collection in 63 school districts, focusing on size and…

Underwood, Karen; Brunner, Anita

337

From High School to the Future: The Challenge of Senior Year in Chicago Public Schools. Research Report  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In a 2010 address to the College Board, U.S. Secretary of Education Arne Duncan laid out a vision for high school that advances the Obama administration's goal of the U.S. once again leading the world in educational attainment. There is no grade in which the magnitude and complexity of this shift becomes clearer than in senior year. Historically,…

Roderick, Melissa; Coca, Vanessa; Moeller, Eliza; Kelley-Kemple, Thomas

2013-01-01

338

[School attendance of children with trisomy 21. A 4-year experiment].  

PubMed

Four years ago a class was started with 8 children from 7 to 11 years of age with Down's syndrome. The classroom is in a state school. The children lived at home. They were with the other children of the school for several classes and for lunch. Like other children they learned reading, writing and arithmetic. Psychomotricity was emphasized. The children's I.Q. and behavior were studied before entering the class. After 24 to 30 months every child was able to read and write. Their I.Q.'s were retested after 4 years and the results were far better than previously. The children gained confidence and began to cope very well at school and outside school. PMID:6306812

Stoll, C; Roth, M P

1983-04-28

339

Association of relative age effects in sports with number of years in school.  

PubMed

The present study investigated the association of the relative age effect, a biased distribution of birth dates, with a high school versus university background in Japanese professional soccer and baseball players. The number of athletes born in the first quarter (April-June) was larger than the number born in the fourth quarter (January-March) for both soccer and baseball; however, the magnitude of the relative age effect differed with years in school. The skew of birth dates was stronger among players who only graduated high school than those who graduated university or college. This phenomenon was confirmed in both baseball and soccer players. The findings suggest relative age effects in professional sports to be related to years of age and years in school. PMID:23033753

Nakata, Hiroki; Sakamoto, Kiwako

2012-08-01

340

Students' conceptions of science across the years of schooling  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The altermative frameworks movement has in the last ten to fifteen years emphasised that having knowledge of the variety of ways students conceptualise science assists teachers to apply their science knowledge together with their teaching and learning knowledge most appropriately. Using a phenomenographic research approach, this study examined students' conceptions of the nature of science. Categories of description about how students conceptualise science were derived from the writings of students' experience of science in Years 4, 7, 9, 11 and 12. The results suggest the need for educators to be concerned about the experience of science being portrayed to students, including the more experienced years 11 and 12 students, and to ensure that a modern philosophical view of the nature of science is made explicit in curricula they implement.

Stein, Sarah J.; McRobbie, Campbell J.

1997-12-01

341

2002 -2003 UCSF Student Fees Annual Fall Winter Spring University Registration Fee $713.00 $238.00 $238.00 $237.00  

E-print Network

graduate students $2,896.00 $966.00 $965.00 $965.00 Student Union $117.00 $39.00 $39.00 $39.00 Associated Student Association $15.00 $5.00 $5.00 $5.00 Nurses' Student Council $15.00 $5.00 $5.00 $5.00 Pharmacy Nursing MS Admitted Prior to Fall 1996 $0.00 $0.00 $0.00 $0.00 Professional School Fee Nursing MS Admitted

Mullins, Dyche

342

10 Years of Media Literacy Education in K-12 Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

When the author started working with teachers and students on classroom multimedia productions a little over 10 years ago, he had not yet encountered the term "media literacy", nor did he realize he had joined a long standing international movement of media literacy educators. Serendipitous exposure to "old-media" texts by Neil Postman and Noam…

Daunic, Rhys

2011-01-01

343

Scholars: Parent-School Ties Should Shift in Teen Years  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many educators and parents would agree that it is important for parents to spend time in their children's classrooms, to closely monitor homework, or to read to children at home. Try telling that, though, to a 13-year-old, argues Harvard University researcher Nancy E. Hill. In a series of studies and a new book, Hill makes the case that both…

Viadero, Debra

2009-01-01

344

Twenty Years After Brown. An Anniversary Look at School Integration  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Consists of 8 articles entitled: (1) Winners and Losers; (2) What the Statistics Say; (3) Northern Integration; (4) Massive Resistance Northern Style; (5) The Case of New York City; (6) As the Students See It; (7) Mississippi Conversations; (8) Reflections on the Past Twenty Years. Each deals with the aftermath of Brown vs. the Board of Education.…

Greider, William; And Others

1974-01-01

345

Nonsignificant relationship between participation in school-provided meals and body mass index during the fourth-grade school year.  

PubMed

Data from four cross-sectional studies involving fourth-grade children were analyzed to investigate the relationship between participation in school-provided meals and body mass index (BMI), and the effect observed energy intake has on that relationship. Participation and BMI data were available on 1,535 children (51% black; 51% girls) for 4 school years (fall 1999 to spring 2003; one study per school year) at 13 schools total. Direct meal observations were available for a subset of 342 children (54% black; 50% girls) for one to three breakfasts and one to three lunches per child for a total of 1,264 school meals (50% breakfast). Participation in breakfast, lunch, and combined (both meals on the same day) was determined from nametag records compiled for meal observations for each study. Weight and height were measured. A marginal regression model was fit with BMI as the dependent variable; independent variables were breakfast participation, lunch participation, combined participation, sex, age, race, and study. For the subset of children, observed energy intake at breakfast, lunch, and combined was included in additional analyses. Participation in breakfast, lunch, and combined was not significantly associated with BMI regardless of whether analyses included observed energy intake (P values >0.181). The relationship between observed energy intake at breakfast and lunch, separately and combined, with BMI was positive (P values <0.01). In conclusion, these results do not support a relationship between school-meal participation and BMI but do support a relationship between observed energy intake at school meals and BMI during fourth grade. PMID:22709640

Paxton, Amy E; Baxter, Suzanne Domel; Tebbs, Joshua M; Royer, Julie A; Guinn, Caroline H; Devlin, Christina M; Finney, Christopher J

2012-01-01

346

Shedding Some New Light on Old Truths: Student Attitudes to School in Terms of Year Level and Gender.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study focuses on the gendering of Australian school students through their participation in school. Specifically grades 7, 8 and 10 were studied. The initial group of 112 middle class students was studied by an ethnographic investigation of schooling practice in four classes of senior elementary school students for one year. Fifty-two students…

Gill, Judith

347

WWC Review of the Report "Evaluation of a Two-Year Middle-School Physical Education Intervention: M-SPAN"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study reviewed in this paper examined the effect of the "Middle School Physical Activity and Nutrition" ("M-SPAN)" intervention on the physical activity level of middle school students. For this 2-year study, 24 middle schools from six districts in southern California were stratified by school district and then randomly assigned to either…

What Works Clearinghouse, 2013

2013-01-01

348

Patterns of Change in Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders Who Received Community Based Comprehensive Interventions in Their Pre-School Years: A Seven Year Follow-Up Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There are few long-term follow-up studies of children with Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) who attended intensive intervention programmes in their pre-school years. Thirty-six children with ASD enrolled in relatively intensive, specialist pre-school programmes (minimum of 15 h intervention per week for 2 years at a mean age of 3.4 years) were…

Magiati, Iliana; Moss, Joanna; Charman, Tony; Howlin, Patricia

2011-01-01

349

Promoting Achievement in School through Sport: Three-Year Impact Study and Summary Report Covering Data from 1991-92, 1992-93, and 1993-94 School Years.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report presents data on a study of the Promoting Achievement in School through Sport (PASS) program as implemented over three years in eight different schools. The study used grade point average (GPA) as the evaluation element. PASS is a daily, year-long high school course using positive aspects of sports culture to enhance academic…

American Sports Inst., Mill Valley, CA.

350

The Roller-Coaster Years: Raising Your Child through the Maddening yet Magical Middle School Years. A Comprehensive Guide for Parents of 10- to 15-Year-Olds.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Intended for parents of 10- to 15-year-olds, this book is a guide to mastering the ups and downs of early adolescence. The book draws together the latest information from experts, supported and advised by the National Middle School Association, and insights from surveys of parents, teachers, and the children themselves to cover every facet of the…

Giannetti, Charlene C.; Sagarese, Margaret

351

Improving Visual Perceptual Skills in Art Classes in Secondary Schools, School Year 1975-1976.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Reading Improvement Through Art (RITA) program, an interdisciplinary approach to remedial reading that combines reading and visual arts activities, was evaluated in nine New York City high schools. A total of 240 students participating in the program were pre and posttested during the fall 1975 and spring 1976 semesters. The results of this…

Corwin, Sylvia; Mortensen, Erik

352

Bushwick High School Bilingual Bicultural Project; School Year 1975-1976.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report is an evaluation of a New York City school district educational project funded under Title VII of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965. The project was designed to offer bilingual instructional and supportive services to 9th and 10th grade Hispanic students. Its objectives were (1) to increase student performance on the…

Abramson, Jacob

353

The Value of Play to Enhance Mathematical Learning in the Middle Years of Schooling 1  

Microsoft Academic Search

The value of play has been well established in the early years of schooling, however in the years that follow, a transmission approach where th e learner is 'drilled' in mathematical concepts and processes often dominates the curricul um (Von Glasersfeld, 1992a). This paper identifies the need for rethinking the approa ch to mathematics learning in this phase of development

Rosemaree Caswell

354

The Catholic School under Scrutiny: Ten Years of Research in Italy (1998-2008)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book delineates the evolution of the Study Centre for Catholic Schools (CSSC) in its first ten years of existence since its foundation in 1998 by the Italian Bishops' Conference. The volume is divided into three main sections. The first outlines the context and the activity of the CSSC during ten years: the role, the functions, the tasks and…

Malizia, Guglielmo; Cicatelli, Sergio

2011-01-01

355

Profiles of School Readiness among Four-Year-Old Head Start Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study uses the Family and Child Experiences Survey (FACES) data from 1997 to investigate the degree to which child, family, classroom, teacher, and Head Start program characteristics are related to children's school readiness and continued development over the four-year-old Head Start year. Latent class analyses were used to examine the…

Halle, Tamara G.; Hair, Elizabeth C.; Wandner, Laura D.; Chien, Nina C.

2012-01-01

356

Intensity of Participation in Organized Youth Activities during the High School Years: Longitudinal Associations with Adjustment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The goal of this study was to explore the longitudinal associations between youth activity participation and adjustment over the high school years by examining (a) correlations between participation and adjustment growth curves, and (b) bidirectional links between participation and adjustment from one year to the next. Participation was…

Denault, Anne-Sophie; Poulin, Francois; Pedersen, Sara

2009-01-01

357

Academic Achievement in First-Year University: Who Maintains Their High School Average?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present study investigates the characteristics which differentiate between first-year university students who maintain their high school averages (Maintainers: n = 165) and those whose averages decrease at least one letter grade (Decliners: n = 435). The 600 students entered first year at one of six Canadian Universities, which varied in size…

Wintre, Maxine Gallander; Dilouya, Barry; Pancer, S. Mark; Pratt, Michael W.; Birnie-Lefcovitch, Shelly; Polivy, Janet; Adams, Gerald

2011-01-01

358

Family and Consumer Sciences Programs in Secondary Schools: Results of a National Survey  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A national survey of secondary family and consumer sciences (FCS) education programs focusing on the 2002-2003 academic year showed that 5,517,976 students were enrolled in FCS classes taught by 37,500 teachers. Three states responding to the survey reported having a state requirement for a specific FCS course, and many states reported that local…

Werhan, Carol; Way, Wendy L.

2006-01-01

359

Shaping Attitude toward Christianity among Year Seven Pupils: The Influence of Sex, Church, Home and Primary School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study set out to examine the differences in attitude toward Christianity among year seven secondary school pupils who had undertaken their primary education either in a Church of England voluntary aided school or a non-denominational state-maintained school. Data were provided by 492 year-seven pupils attending three Church of England…

Swindells, Tracy; Francis, Leslie J.; Robbins, Mandy

2010-01-01

360

The Effects of Year-Round Schools on the Hospitality Industry's Seasonal Labor Force in the State of Tennessee.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Data collected from 66 managers in Tennessee tourist attractions indicate that 53 percent of seasonal workers in Tennessee come from the school system. The proposal to implement year-round schools would drastically increase the tourism industry's labor shortage. An alternative labor force needs to be identified and the issue of year-round schools

Pickeral, Lyn M.; Hubbard, Susan

2002-01-01

361

Using Fuzzy Logic to Identify Schools Which May Be Misclassified by the No Child Left Behind Adequate Yearly Progress Policy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This investigation developed, tested, and prototyped a Fuzzy Inference System (FIS) that would assist decision makers in identifying schools that may have been misclassified by existing Adequate Yearly Progress (AYP) methods. This prototype was then used to evaluate Louisiana elementary schools using published school data for Academic Year 2004. …

Yates, Donald W.

2009-01-01

362

Fostering thinking through science in the early years of schooling  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The purpose of this research was to investigate and describe concrete examples of Year 1 students engaged in good thinking and to generate assertions about the ways teachers can foster habits of good thinking through science. The research design was a multiple case study of 32 lessons, of which four are analysed in detail in this paper. The results suggest that young children engaged in good thinking are likely to explain and demonstrate their ideas and actions and to make suggestions for solving problems. Children engaged in good thinking also are likely to highlight discrepancies, adopt new ideas, and work collaboratively. The results indicate that teachers can foster habits of good thinking through science; first, by accepting difficulty as an integral part of the learning process, second, by encouraging children to explain and talk about their ideas and, finally, by creating an environment where thinking is a valued classroom process.

Venville, Grady; Adey, Philip; Larkin, Shirley; Robertson, Anne; Fulham, Hammersmith

2003-11-01

363

The everyday classificatory practices of selective schooling: a fifty?year retrospective  

Microsoft Academic Search

The fifty?year retrospective has led to recent media interest in the comprehensive school. Bristol, located in the south?west of England, is frequently portrayed as an early provider. This article draws on documentary evidence and life?history interviews with ex?pupils to explore this claim. It finds that they were not comprehensive schools, but selective bilaterals that, despite including grammar and secondary modern

Jacky Brine

2006-01-01

364

Trends in Concussion Incidence in High School Sports: A Prospective 11Year Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: Understanding the risk and trends of sports-related concussion among 12 scholastic sports may contribute to concussion detection, treatment, and prevention.Purpose: To examine the incidence and relative risk of concussion in 12 high school boys’ and girls’ sports between academic years 1997-1998 and 2007-2008.Study Design: Descriptive epidemiology study.Methods: Data were prospectively gathered for 25 schools in a large public high

Andrew E. Lincoln; Shane V. Caswell; Jon L. Almquist; Reginald E. Dunn; Joseph B. Norris; Richard Y. Hinton

2011-01-01

365

Radon testing in schools in New York State: a 20-year summary.  

PubMed

For nearly 20 years the Department of Health has conducted programs to assist in the measurement and reduction of indoor radon concentrations in 186 schools located primarily in Zone 1 areas of New York State. Although many schools had few or no rooms containing radon above 148 Bq/m(3), some rooms had >740 Bq/m(3) and remediation techniques were utilized to reduce exposure. Short-term radon measurements in the schools showed little correlation to basement and first-floor radon results from single-family homes in the towns. PMID:25117690

Kitto, Michael

2014-11-01

366

Oral health status of 12-year-old school children in Khartoum state, the Sudan; a school-based survey  

PubMed Central

Background Few studies have investigated the prevalence of dental caries among school children in the past decades in Sudan rendering it difficult to understand the status and pattern of oral health. Methods A school-based survey was conducted using stratified random cluster sampling in Khartoum state, Sudan. Data was collected through interviews and clinical examination by a single examiner. DMFT was measured according to WHO criteria. Gingival index (GI) of Loe & Silness and Plaque index (PI) of Silness & Loe were used. Results The mean DMFT for 12-year-olds was found to be 0.42 with a significant caries index (SiC) of 1.4. Private school attendees had significantly higher DMFT (0.57) when compared to public school attendees (0.4). The untreated caries prevalence was 30.5%. In multivariate analysis caries experience (DMFT > 0) was found to be significantly and directly associated with socioeconomic status. The mean GI for the six index teeth was found to be 1.05 (CI 1.03 – 1.07) and the mean PI was 1.30 (CI 1.22 – 1.38). Conclusion The prevalence of caries was found to be low. The school children with the higher socioeconomic status formed the high risk group. PMID:19527502

Nurelhuda, Nazik Mostafa; Trovik, Tordis Agnete; Ali, Raouf Wahab; Ahmed, Mutaz Faisal

2009-01-01

367

The early years of coeducation at the Yale University School of Medicine.  

PubMed Central

The Yale School of Medicine began accepting women as candidates for the degree of medicine in the fall of 1916. This decision was consistent with the trend in medical education at the time. While Yale was not the first prestigious Eastern medical school to admit women, joining Johns Hopkins (1893) and the University of Pennsylvania (1914), it was not one of the last. Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons admitted women a year later, but Harvard Medical School held out until 1945. The years 1916--1920 saw the number of women enrolled in medical school almost double. Yale's decision to admit women seems to have been made with little resistance from the faculty. The final decision was made through the encouragement and financial help of Henry Farnam, a professor of economics at Yale, who agreed to pay for the women's bathrooms. His daughter, Louise, was in the first class of women. At graduation she was awarded the highest scholastic honors, the Campbell Gold Prize. From Yale she travelled to the Yale-sponsored medical school in Changsha, China, where she became the first female faculty member, a position she held for twelve years. The impressions of Ella Clay Wakeman Calhoun, the only woman to graduate in the second class of women, are presented here. Since 1916 the Yale School of Medicine has undergone extensive physical and philosophical changes, developments in which women have participated. PMID:6996342

Baserga, S. J.

1980-01-01

368

A two-year perspective: who may ease the burden of girls’ loneliness in school?  

PubMed Central

Background Loneliness is negatively related to good health and wellbeing, especially among girls. There is little research, however, on factors that may ease the burdens of loneliness in the school setting. Thus, we explored the relationship between girls’ loneliness and later school wellbeing adjusted for other adversities. Furthermore, we assessed the significance of having someone whom the girl trusted by investigating possible modifying influences on the addressed association. Methods Altogether, 119 girls in grades 1–8 provided baseline data and answered the same set of questions two years later. Logistic regression models including perceived academic problems, victimisation by bullying, loneliness and trusted others were tested with bad versus good school wellbeing two years later as outcome using SPSS. Results In the multivariable analysis of loneliness, academic problems, and victimisation, loneliness was the only variable showing a strong and negative contribution to later school wellbeing. Next, demonstrated in separate models; the inclusion of having a trusted class advisor fully attenuated the association of loneliness with later school wellbeing. In contrast, other trusted teachers, trusted parents, or trusted students did not affect the association. Conclusions Loneliness in girls strongly predicted school wellbeing two years later. However, having a class advisor whom the girl trusted to contact in hurtful situations clearly reduced the burden of loneliness. This finding highlights the clinical importance of stability, long-lasting relations, and trust that main teachers may represent for lonely girls. PMID:24712912

2014-01-01

369

Typologies of Family Functioning and Children's Adjustment During the Early School Years  

PubMed Central

Guided by family systems theory, the present study sought to identify patterns of family functioning from observational assessments of interparental, parent-child, and triadic contexts. In addition, we charted the implications for patterns of family functioning for children’s developmental trajectories of adjustment in the school context across the early school years. Two-hundred and thirty-four kindergarten children (129 girls and 105 boys; mean age of 6.0 years (SD = .50) at Wave 1) and their parents participated in this multimethod, three-year longitudinal investigation. As expected, latent class analyses extracted three primary typologies of functioning including: (a) cohesive, (b) enmeshed, and (c) disengaged families. Furthermore, family patterns were differentially associated with children’s maladaptive adjustment trajectories in the school context. The findings highlight the developmental utility of incorporating pattern-based approaches to family functioning. PMID:20636698

Sturge-Apple, Melissa L.; Davies, Patrick T.; Cummings, E. Mark

2010-01-01

370

Public School Graduates and Dropouts from the Common Core of Data: School Year 2009-10. First Look (Provisional Data). NCES 2013-309  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report presents the number of high school completers, the Averaged Freshman Graduation Rate (AFGR), and the dropout data for grades 9-12 for public schools in school year 2009-10. State Education Agencies (SEAs) report annual counts of completers, dropouts, and enrollments to the National Center for Education Statistics' (NCES) Common Core of…

Stillwell, Robert; Sable, Jennifer

2013-01-01

371

School Resegregation: Residential and School Process Study. A Collaborative Leadership Planning/Training Project, Third Year: 1978-79. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report summarizes the work undertaken by the Berkeley Unified School District's (BUSD) project to define a collaborative leadership planning/training model to combat school resegregation. In 1972, four years after full desegregation, the BUSD experienced a marked shift in the school population and its distribution. In 1976, the BUSD committed…

Williams, Georgia

372

2012 SUMMER HOUSING INFORMATION As you look toward the end of this school year and are planning to enroll in Summer School  

E-print Network

no later than Friday, April 20 for housing beginning Term 1. Prices and term dates have not yet been2012 SUMMER HOUSING INFORMATION As you look toward the end of this school year and are planning to enroll in Summer School courses, on-campus summer school residence hall housing will be available

Bogaerts, Steven

373

1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 NASA -LSP Managed ELV Launch History (1998 -2013)  

E-print Network

(WR) 6/24/02 MESSENGER (DIIH) (ER) 8/3/04 JASON / TIMED (DII) (ER) 12/7/01 DAWN (DIIH) (ER) 9 within the LSP BOA.) Tiffany Nail / KSC 2/11/13 #12;LSP Launch History (1998 - 2013) Year Date Payload LV/20/2008 OSTM Delta II S WR KSC 6/11/2008 GLAST Delta II S ER KSC 9/27/2007 Dawn Delta II S ER KSC 8

374

1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011ELV Performance Class NASA-LSP Managed ELV Launch History (1998-2011)  

E-print Network

(DIIH) (ER) 8/3/04 DAWN (DIIH) (ER) 9/27/07 Launch Sites Eastern Range (ER) Western Range (WR) Kodiak (K the LSP BOA.) #12;LSP Launch History (1998 - 2011) Year Date Payload LV Config Success/ Failure Launch/11/2008 GLAST Delta H S ER KSC 9/27/2007 Dawn Delta II S ER KSC 8/4/2007 Phoenix / Mars Scouts Delta II S ER KSC

Waliser, Duane E.

375

Assessment of High Rates of Precocious Male Maturation in a Spring Chinook Salmon Supplementation Hatchery Program, Annual Report 2002-2003.  

SciTech Connect

The Yakima River Spring Chinook Salmon Supplementation Project in Washington State is currently one of the most ambitious efforts to enhance a natural salmon population in the United States. Over the past five years we have conducted research to characterize the developmental physiology of naturally- and hatchery-reared wild progeny spring chinook salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha) in the Yakima River basin. Fish were sampled at the main hatchery in Cle Elum, at remote acclimation sites and, during smolt migration, at downstream dams. Throughout these studies the maturational state of all fish was characterized using combinations of visual and histological analysis of testes, gonadosomatic index (GSI), and measurement of plasma 11-ketotestosterone (11-KT). We established that a plasma 11-KT threshold of 0.8 ng/ml could be used to designate male fish as either immature or precociously maturing approximately 8 months prior to final maturation (1-2 months prior to release as 'smolts'). Our analyses revealed that 37-49% of the hatchery-reared males from this program undergo precocious maturation at 2 years of age and a proportion of these fish appear to residualize in the upper Yakima River basin throughout the summer. An unnaturally high incidence of precocious male maturation may result in loss of potential returning anadromous adults, skewing of female: male sex ratios, ecological, and genetic impacts on wild populations and other native species. Precocious male maturation is significantly influenced by growth rate at specific times of year and future studies will be conducted to alter maturation rates through seasonal growth rate manipulations.

Larsen, Donald; Beckman, Brian; Cooper, Kathleen

2003-08-01

376

Assess Current and Potential Salmonid Production in Rattlesnake Creek Associated with Restoration Efforts; US Geological Survey Reports, 2002-2003 Annual Report.  

SciTech Connect

This project was designed to document existing habitat conditions and fish populations within the Rattlesnake Creek watershed (White Salmon River subbasin, Washington) before major habitat restoration activities are implemented and prior to the reintroduction of salmon and steelhead above Condit Dam. Returning adult salmon Oncorhynchus spp. and steelhead O. mykiss have not had access to Rattlesnake Creek since 1913. An assessment of resident trout populations should serve as a good surrogate for evaluation of factors that would limit salmon and steelhead production in the watershed. Personnel from United States Geological Survey's Columbia River Research Laboratory (USGS-CRRL) attend to three main objectives of the Rattlesnake Creek project. The first is to characterize stream and riparian habitat conditions. This effort includes measures of water quality, water quantity, stream habitat, and riparian conditions. The second objective is to determine the status of fish populations in the Rattlesnake Creek drainage. To accomplish this, we derived estimates of salmonid population abundance, determined fish species composition, assessed distribution and life history attributes, obtained tissue samples for genetic analysis, and assessed fish diseases in the watershed. The third objective is to use the collected habitat and fisheries information to help identify and prioritize areas in need of restoration. As this report covers the second year of at least a three-year study, it is largely restricted to describing our efforts and findings for the first two objectives.

Connolly, Patrick J. (US Geological Survey, Columbia River Research Laboratory, Western Fisheries Research Center, Cook, WA)

2003-12-01

377

Hood River Steelhead Genetics Study; Relative Reproductive Success of Hatchery and Wild Steelhead in the Hood River, Final Report 2002-2003.  

SciTech Connect

There is a considerable interest in using hatcheries to speed the recovery of wild populations. The Bonneville Power Administration (BPA), under the authority of the Northwest Power Planning Act, is currently funding several hatchery programs in the Columbia Basin as off-site mitigation for impacts to salmon and steelhead caused by the Columbia River federal hydropower system. One such project is located on the Hood River, an Oregon tributary of the Columbia. These hatchery programs cost the region millions of dollars. However, whether such programs actually improve the status of wild fish remains untested. The goal of this project was to evaluate the effectiveness of the Hood River hatchery program as required by the Northwest Power Planning Council Fish and Wildlife Program, by the Oregon Plan for Coastal Salmonids, by NMFS ESA Section 4(d) rulings, and by the Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife (ODFW) Wild Fish Management Policy (OAR 635-07-525 through 529) and the ODFW Hatchery Fish Gene Resource Management Policy (OAR 635-07-540 through 541). The Hood River supports two populations of steelhead, a summer run and a winter run. They spawn only above the Powerdale Dam, which is a complete barrier to all salmonids. Since 1991 every adult passed above the dam has been measured, cataloged and sampled for scales. Therefore, we have a DNA sample from every adult steelhead that went over the dam to potentially spawn in the Hood River from 1991 to the present. Similar numbers of hatchery and wild fish have been passed above the dam during the last decade. During the 1990's 'old' domesticated hatchery stocks of each run (multiple generations in the hatchery, out-of-basin origin; hereafter H{sub old}) were phased out, and conservation hatchery programs were started for the purpose of supplementing the two wild populations (hereafter 'new' hatchery stocks, H{sub new}). These samples gave us the unprecedented ability to estimate, via microsatellite-based pedigree analysis, the relative total reproductive success (adult-to-adult production) of hatchery (H{sub old} or H{sub new}) and wild (W) fish for two populations, over multiple brood years. Our analyses of samples from fish that bred in the early to mid 1990's show that fish of 'old' hatchery stocks have much lower total fitness than wild fish (17% to 54% of wild fitness), but that 'new' stocks have fitness that is similar to that of wild fish (ranging from 85% to 108% of wild fitness, depending on parental gender and run year). Therefore, our results show that the decision to phase out the old, out-of-basin stocks and replace them with new, conservation hatchery stocks was well founded. We also conclude that the H{sub new} fish are leaving behind substantial numbers of wild-born offspring. The similar fitnesses of H{sub new} and W fish suggests that wild-born offspring of H{sub new} fish are unlikely to have negative genetic effects on the population when they in turn spawn in the wild. We will test this hypothesis once enough F2 offspring have returned. Another interesting result is that we were unable to match a large fraction of the unclipped, returning fish with parents from their brood year. Furthermore, we were missing more fathers than mothers. Because we sampled almost every possible anadromous parent, these results suggest that nonanadromous trout or precocious parr may be obtaining a substantial number of matings. Substantial reproduction by precocious parr could be one unintended consequence of the hatchery program.

Blouin, Michael

2003-05-01

378

Numerically Simulating the Hydrodynamic and Water Quality Environment for Migrating Salmon in the Lower Snake River, 2002-2003 Technical Report.  

SciTech Connect

Summer temperatures in the Lower Snake River can be altered by releasing cold waters that originate from deep depths within Dworshak Reservoir. These cold releases are used to lower temperatures in the Clearwater and Lower Snake Rivers and to improve hydrodynamic and water quality conditions for migrating aquatic species. This project monitored the complex three-dimensional hydrodynamic and thermal conditions at the Clearwater and Snake River confluence and the processes that led to stratification of Lower Granite Reservoir (LGR) during the late spring, summer, and fall of 2002. Hydrodynamic, water quality, and meteorological conditions around the reservoir were monitored at frequent intervals, and this effort is continuing in 2003. Monitoring of the reservoir is a multi-year endeavor, and this report spans only the first year of data collection. In addition to monitoring the LGR environment, a three-dimensional hydrodynamic and water quality model has been applied. This model uses field data as boundary conditions and has been applied to the entire 2002 field season. Numerous data collection sites were within the model domain and serve as both calibration and validation locations for the numerical model. Errors between observed and simulated data varied in magnitude from location to location and from one time to another. Generally, errors were small and within expected ranges, although, as additional 2003 field data becomes available, model parameters may be improved to minimize differences between observed and simulated values. A two-dimensional, laterally-averaged hydrodynamic and water quality model was applied to the three reservoirs downstream of LGR (the pools behind Little Goose, Lower Monumental, and Ice Harbor Dams). A two-dimensional model is appropriate for these reservoirs because observed lateral thermal variations during summer and fall 2002 were almost negligible; however, vertical thermal variations were quite large (see USACE 2003). The numerical model was applied to each reservoir independently to simulate the time period between May 1 and October 1, 2002. Differences between observed and simulated data were small, although improvements to model coefficients may be performed as additional thermal data, collected in the reservoirs during 2003, becomes available.

Cook, C.; Richmond, M.; Coleman, A. (Pacific Northwest National Laboratory)

2003-06-01

379

Evaluation of the Life History of Native Salmonids in the Malheur River Basin; Cooperative Bull Trout/Redband Trout Research Project, 2002-2003 Annual Report.  

SciTech Connect

The Malheur River is a 306-kilometer tributary to the Snake River, which drains 12,950 square kilometers. The Malheur River originates in the Blue Mountains and flows into the Snake River near Ontario, Oregon. The climate of the basin is characterized by hot dry summers, occasionally exceeding 38 C, and cold winters that may drop below -29 C. Average annual precipitation is 30 centimeters in the lower reaches. Wooded areas consist primarily of mixed fir and pine forest in the higher elevations. Sagebrush and grass communities dominate the flora in the lower elevations. Efforts to document salmonid life histories, water quality, and habitat conditions have continued in fiscal year 2002. Bull trout Salvelinus confluentus are considered to be cold water species and are temperature-dependant. Due to the interest of bull trout from various state and Federal agencies, a workgroup was formed to develop project objectives related to bull trout. Table 1 lists individuals that participated in the 2002 work group. This report will reflect work completed during the Bonneville Power Administration contract period starting April 1, 2002, and ending March 31, 2003. All tasks were conducted within this timeframe, and a more detailed timeframe may be referred to in each individual report.

Miller, Alan; Soupir, Jim (US Forest Service, Prairie City Ranger District, Prairie City, OR); Schwabe, Lawrence (Burns Paiute Tribe, Department of Fish and Wildlife, Burns, OR)

2003-08-01

380

Personality traits measured at baseline can predict academic performance in upper secondary school three years late.  

PubMed

The aim of the present study was to explore the ability of personality to predict academic performance in a longitudinal study of a Swedish upper secondary school sample. Academic performance was assessed throughout a three-year period via final grades from the compulsory school and upper secondary school. The Big Five personality factors (Costa & McCrae, ) - particularly Conscientiousness and Neuroticism - were found to predict overall academic performance, after controlling for general intelligence. Results suggest that Conscientiousness, as measured at the age of 16, can explain change in academic performance at the age of 19. The effect of Neuroticism on Conscientiousness indicates that, as regarding getting good grades, it is better to be a bit neurotic than to be stable. The study extends previous work by assessing the relationship between the Big Five and academic performance over a three-year period. The results offer educators avenues for improving educational achievement. PMID:25257093

Rosander, Pia; Bäckström, Martin

2014-12-01

381

Yearly changes in the anthropometric dimensions of female high school gymnasts.  

PubMed

The purpose of the present study was to compare the age-related patterns of anthropometric dimensions of female high school gymnasts to those of a national representative sample of teenage girls. One hundred and one female high school gymnasts (X ± SD age = 15.8 ± 1.1 year; height [HT] = 162.2 ± 5.7 cm; body weight [BW] = 54.1 ± 6.5 kg) volunteered as subjects in the present study. The sample was divided into 4 independent age groups: age group 14 (AG14) = 14.00 to 14.99 years (n = 26); AG15 = 15.00 to 15.99 years (n = 27); AG16 = 16.00 to 16.99 years (n = 29); and AG17 = 17.00 to 17.99 years (n = 19). Nine variables including BW; HT; body mass index (BMI); subscapular and triceps skinfolds; and waist, mid-arm, maximal calf, and mid-thigh circumferences were assessed on each subject. Independent t-tests indicated that for all age groups, the female high school gymnasts exhibited lower BW, BMI, circumferences (waist, mid-arm, maximal calf, and mid-thigh) and skinfolds (subscapular and triceps) than the national sample, except AG 17 for BW and maximal calf and mid-thigh circumferences. There were no significant differences in HT between samples for any of the age groups. Furthermore, there were no differences between the high school gymnasts and the national sample for the slope coefficients for the anthropometric dimensions vs. age relationships. These findings indicated that in females, participation in high school gymnastics does not adversely affect yearly changes in anthropometric dimensions. PMID:20179650

Zuniga, Jorge; Housh, Terry J; Camic, Clayton L; Mielke, Michelle; Hendrix, C Russell; Johnson, Glen O; Housh, Dona J; Schmidt, Richard J

2011-01-01

382

Yakima/Klickitat Fisheries Project; Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife Policy/Technical Involvement and Planning, 2002-2003 Annual Report.  

SciTech Connect

The Yakima/Klickitat Fisheries Project (YKFP) is a supplementation project sponsored by the Northwest Power Planning Council and funded by the Bonneville Power Administration. The YKFP has adopted the definition of supplementation described by Regional Assessment of Supplementation Program (1992), which is ''the use of artificial propagation in an attempt to maintain or increase natural production while maintaining the long-term fitness of the target population, and keeping the ecological and genetic impacts on nontarget populations within specified biological limits''. Recent scientific reviews of hatchery supplementation continue to highlight the experimental nature and risk of supplementation (Independent Scientific Group 1996; National Research Council 1996; Lichatowich 1999; Independent Multidisciplinary Science Team 2000; Independent Scientific Advisory Board 2003; Hatchery Scientific Review Group 2003). In addition, many of these reviews included recommendations about the best ways to operate a supplementation program. Most of these recommendations were already being done or have been incorporated into the YKFP. The objectives of the YKFP are: (1) to test the hypothesis that new supplementation techniques can be used in the Yakima River Basin to increase natural production and to improve harvest opportunities while maintaining the long-term genetic fitness of the wild and native salmonid populations and keeping adverse ecological interactions within acceptable limits (Yakima Fisheries Project Final Environment Impact Statement, 1996); (2) provide knowledge about the use of supplementation, so that it may be used to mitigate effects on anadromous fisheries throughout the Columbia River Basin; (3) to maintain and improve the quantity and productivity of salmon and steelhead habitat, including those areas made accessible by habitat improvements; (4) to ensure that Project implementation remains consistent with the Council's Fish and Wildlife Program; and (5) to implement the Project in a prudent and environmentally sound manner. Current YKFP operations have been designed to test the principles of supplementation (Busack et al. 1997). The Project's experimental design has focused on the following critical uncertainties affecting supplementation: (1) The survival and reproductive success of hatchery fish after release from the hatchery; (2) The impacts of hatchery fish as they interact with non-target species and stocks; and, (3) The effects of supplementation on the long-term genetic fitness of fish stocks. The YKFP endorses an adaptive management policy applied through a project management framework as described in the Yakima/Klickitat Fisheries Project Planning Status Report (1995), Fast and Craig (1997), and Clune and Dauble 1991. The project is managed by a Policy Group consisting of a representative of the Yakama Nation (YN, lead agency) and a representative of the Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife (WDFW). The functions of the parties are described in an MOU between the YN and the WDFW. A Scientific and Technical Advisory Committee (STAC) consisting of one representative from each management entity reports to the Policy Group and provides technical input on policy and other issues. Additional committee's, such as the Monitoring Implementation and Planning Team (MIPT), serve at the discretion of STAC. The Policy Group and STAC meet periodically (usually monthly) to conduct the business of the YKFP. Although the YKFP is an all stocks initiative (BPA 1996), most effort to date has been directed at spring chinook salmon and coho salmon. This report is a compilation of the year's activities between August 1, 2002 and July 31, 2003. The Yakama Nation's portion of the YKFP is presented in another report. All findings should be considered preliminary until data collection is completed or the information is published in a peer-reviewed journal. Pearsons and Easterbrooks (2003) described last year's activities.

Pearsons, Todd N.; Easterbrooks, John A. (Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife, Olympia, WA)

2003-09-01

383

Survival Estimates for the Passage of Juvenile Salmonids through Snake and Columbia River Dams and Reservoirs, 2002-2003 Annual Report.  

SciTech Connect

In 2002, the National Marine Fisheries Service and the University of Washington completed the tenth year of a study to estimate survival and travel time of juvenile salmonids (Oncorhynchus spp.) passing through dams and reservoirs on the Snake and Columbia Rivers. All estimates were derived from detections of fish tagged with passive integrated transponder tags (PIT tags). We PIT tagged and released a total of 19,891 hatchery steelhead at Lower Granite Dam. In addition, we utilized fish PIT tagged by other agencies at traps and hatcheries upstream from the hydropower system and sites within the hydropower system. PIT-tagged smolts were detected at interrogation facilities at Lower Granite, Little Goose, Lower Monumental, McNary, John Day, and Bonneville Dams and in the PIT-tag detector trawl operated in the Columbia River estuary. Survival estimates were calculated using a statistical model for tag-recapture data from single release groups (the ''Single-Release Model''). Primary research objectives in 2002 were to (1) estimate reach and project survival and travel time in the Snake and Columbia Rivers throughout the migration period of yearling chinook salmon O. tshawytscha and steelhead O. mykiss; (2) evaluate relationships between survival estimates and migration conditions; and (3) evaluate the survival-estimation models under prevailing conditions. This report provides reach survival and travel time estimates for 2002 for PIT-tagged yearling chinook salmon (hatchery and wild), hatchery sockeye salmon O. nerka, hatchery coho salmon O. kisutch, and steelhead (hatchery and wild) in the Snake and Columbia Rivers. Results are reported primarily in the form of tables and figures; details on methodology and statistical models used are provided in previous reports cited here. Results for summer-migrating chinook salmon will be reported separately.

Muir, William D.; Smith, Steven G.; Zabel, Richard W. (NOAA Fisheries, Northwest Fisheries Center, Seattle, WA)

2003-07-01

384

Comparative Survival Rate Study (CSS) of Hatchery PIT-tagged Chinook; Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife, Annual Report 2002-2003.  

SciTech Connect

We PIT-tagged juvenile spring chinook salmon reared at Lookingglass Hatchery in October 2002 as part of the Comparative Survival Rate Study (CSS) for migratory year (MY) 2003. We tagged 20,950 Imnaha stock spring chinook salmon, and after mortality and tag loss, we allowed the remaining 20,904 fish to leave the acclimation pond at our Imnaha River satellite facility beginning 1 April 2003 to begin their seaward migration. The fish remaining in the pond were forced out on 15 April 2003. We tagged 20,820 Catherine Creek stock captive and conventional brood progeny spring chinook salmon, and after mortality and tag loss, we allowed the remaining 20,628 fish to leave the acclimation ponds at our Catherine Creek satellite facility beginning during two acclimation periods. The volitional release for the early acclimation group began 12 March 2003, and all remaining fish were forced out of the ponds on 23 March 2003. The volitional release for the late acclimation group began 31 March 2003, and all remaining fish were forced out of the ponds on 14 April 2003. We estimated survival rates, from release to Lower Granite Dam in MY 2003, for three stocks of hatchery spring chinook salmon tagged at Lookingglass Hatchery to determine their relative migration performance. Survival rates for the Imnaha River, Lostine River, and Catherine Creek stocks were 0.714, 0.557, and 0.350, respectively. We PIT-tagged 20,944 BY 2002 Imnaha River stock and 20,980 BY 2002 Catherine Creek stock captive and conventional brood progeny in October and November 2003 as part of the CSS for MY 2004. From tagging to January 28, 2004, the rates of mortality and tag loss for Imnaha River stock were 0.16% and 0.04%, respectively. Catherine Creek stock, during the same period, had rates of mortality and tag loss of 0.19% and 0.06%, respectively.

Jonasson, Brian

2004-02-01

385

Obesity in K-7 students - Anchorage, Alaska, 2003-04 to 2010-11 school years.  

PubMed

Childhood obesity is a major public health concern in the United States. National data indicate that from 1999 to 2010, obesity stopped increasing among females aged 2-19 years but continued to increase among males. Other reports have suggested that obesity is decreasing in certain geographic areas or among certain groups of children. In the metropolitan area of Anchorage, Alaska, during the 2003-04 school year, an estimated 16.8% of children in the Anchorage and Matanuska-Susitna Borough school districts in grades K, 1, 3, 5, and 7 were obese, similar to a 2003-2006 national estimate of 17.0% for youths aged 6-11 years. To determine whether trends in the two Anchorage-area school districts mirror those in the rest of the United States, the Alaska Department of Health and Social Services analyzed body mass index (BMI) data for public schoolchildren in grades K, 1, 3, 5, and 7 for the 2003-04 to 2010-11 school years. This report summarizes the results of that analysis, which found that, overall, the prevalence of obesity decreased by 3.0% from 2003-04 to 2010-11, and the decline varied widely by subgroup. The decrease was significant among boys (5.5%), white students (15.1%), students in grades K, 1, and 3 (5.4%), and students in schools where ?50% of students were receiving subsidized lunches (8.2%). Efforts are needed to further reduce the prevalence of childhood obesity in the Anchorage area and to focus on poorer schools and those groups with the highest prevalence of obesity. PMID:23718951

2013-05-31

386

A Review of NASP School Psychologist of the Year Award Recipients  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Granting awards to recognize outstanding service and leadership is among the more important functions of professional associations. The School Psychologist of the Year Award (SPYA) is one of several national-level recognitions. Although NASP's annual SPYA dates only to 1991, several state associations were already granting such distinctions. Their…

Fagan, Tom; Traylor, Tera

2009-01-01

387

Randomized Trial of a Gatekeeper Program for Suicide Prevention: 1-Year Impact on Secondary School Staff  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Gatekeeper-training programs, designed to increase identification and referral of suicidal individuals, are widespread but largely untested. A group-based randomized trial with 32 schools examined impact of Question, Persuade, Refer (QPR) training on a stratified random sample of 249 staff with 1-year average follow-up. To test QPR impact, the…

Wyman, Peter A.; Brown, C. Hendricks; Inman, Jeff; Cross, Wendi; Schmeelk-Cone, Karen; Guo, Jing; Pena, Juan B.

2008-01-01

388

Mentoring Programs for First-Year Elementary School Counselors: An Exploratory Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This exploratory study examined the importance of a mentoring program using a purposeful sample of 16 first-year elementary school counselors. A qualitative analysis revealed the importance of support that participants received from their mentors and mentoring cohort group. Participants also indicated an increase in self-efficacy as a result of…

Armstrong, Stephen A.; Balkin, Richard S.; Long, Rosita; Caldwell, Charmaine

2006-01-01

389

Public Relations in Catholic Secondary Schools: Nearly 40 Years of Continuous Improvement  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article traces the phenomenal improvement in public relations efforts over the past 40 years made by Catholic secondary schools. The improvements were brought about by crises, a theological paradigm shift, professional lay involvement, a growing awareness and appreciation of public relations, competition, and increasing financial need. The…

James, John T.

2004-01-01

390

Adolescents' attitudes towards organic food: a survey of 15- to 16-year old school children  

Microsoft Academic Search

Adolescents are the consumers of tomorrow; therefore policies aimed at increasing organic food consumption should address the needs of this group. To discover their attitudes towards organic food and their knowledge of the subject, a survey among almost 700 school children aged 15-16 years was conducted. Four main groups of questions were used: adolescents' knowledge of organic food, attitudes, whether

Derk Jan Stobbelaar; Gerda Casimir; Josine Borghuis; Inge Marks; Laurens Meijer; Simone Zebeda

2006-01-01

391

Suitability of School Textbooks for 5 to 7 Year Old Children with Colour Vision Deficiencies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The aim of the present study was to determine, through colorimetric analysis, whether school textbooks for children aged 5 to 7 years contained tasks requiring normal colour vision discrimination for their resolution. In addition, the performance of a group of observers with diverse colour vision deficiencies was evaluated while…

Torrents, Aurora; Bofill, Francesc; Cardona, Genis

2011-01-01

392

Gender and Schooling in the Early Years. Research on Women and Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this volume, gender and schooling in the early years addresses a broad range of issues including, but not limited, to gender equity in education. We explore, for example, the complex world of play in Fromberg's chapter and are reminded that for young children, play involves issues of power and hierarchy in ways that parallel the role of gender…

Koch, Janice, Ed.; Irby, Beverly, Ed.

2005-01-01

393

Maryland Special Education Data on Exiting Students Aged 14-21, School Year 1993-94.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Graphs and charts present data on students aged 14-21 exiting special education services in Maryland during the 1993-1994 school year. Reasons for leaving special education are analyzed by local education areas and by disability, with specific charts devoted to students with mental retardation, speech or language impairments, serious emotional…

Maryland State Dept. of Education. Baltimore. Div. of Planning, Results and Information Management.

394

Enhancing First Year Undergraduate Student Engagement via the School of Biological Sciences Tutorials Module  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The transition to undergraduate study is often a challenging step for students as they progress from relatively smaller school/college classes with a high degree of contact time with familiar staff to a university department where one-on-one interaction with staff members is significantly reduced. The first year tutorials module offers one of the…

McDonald, James E.; Robinson, Rosanna L.

2014-01-01

395

Reading and Related Skills in the Early School Years: Are Boys Really More Likely to Struggle?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined whether boys and girls in the early school years differed in reading and related skills, and their rates of progress. Gender ratios were calculated to ascertain whether there were more boys than girls who struggle with different facets of reading, and whether the variability of boys' scores resulted in more boys being…

Limbrick, Lisa; Wheldall, Kevin; Madelaine, Alison

2012-01-01

396

Community Leaders' Views of the Purposes of Science in the Compulsory Years of Schooling  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Accepting that scientific literacy is the primary purpose of science in the compulsory years of schooling leads to the question 'What does scientific literacy mean in a particular community?' This paper reports a study designed to provide some insight into that question. Data were gathered through interviews with a sample of community leaders, in…

Symington, David; Tytler, Russell

2004-01-01

397

Community leaders' views of the purposes of science in the compulsory years of schooling  

Microsoft Academic Search

Accepting that scientific literacy is the primary purpose of science in the compulsory years of schooling leads to the question 'What does scientific literacy mean in a particular community?' This paper reports a study designed to provide some insight into that question. Data were gathered through interviews with a sample of community leaders, in the state of Victoria, Australia, about

David Symington; Russell Tytler

2004-01-01

398

Community Leaders' Views of the Purposes of Science in the Compulsory Years of Schooling. Research Report  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Accepting that scientific literacy is the primary purpose of science in the compulsory years of schooling leads to the question 'What does scientific literacy mean in a particular community?' This paper reports a study designed to provide some insight into that question. Data were gathered through interviews with a sample of community leaders, in…

Symington, David; Tytler, Russell

2004-01-01

399

Thirty-Five Years of School Inspection: Raising Educational Standards for Children with Additional Needs?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this invited article, Chris Marshall, teacher, educational psychologist, university lecturer, and a former book reviews editor for "BJSE" who has been a leading figure in Her Majesty's Inspectorate, examines the inspection of schools over a period reflecting the 35 years during which "BJSE" has been published. Chris Marshall provides here a…

Marshall, Chris

2008-01-01

400

Substance Use by Fourth-Year Students at 13 U.S. Medical Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study investigated drug use by fourth-year medical students in 13 schools and compared drug use patterns with those of an age- and sex-matched cohort. Medical students reported less use of marijuana, cocaine, cigarettes, LSD, barbiturates, and amphetamines, similar use of opiates, and slightly more use of tranquilizers and alcohol. (MSE)

Conard, Scott; And Others

1988-01-01

401

Surgical Clinical Correlates in Anatomy: Design and Implementation of a First-Year Medical School Program  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This article describes the addition of a clinical program to a first year medical school curriculum. 25 students were randomly selected to participate in the program. Immediate outcomes measured include:pre-post opinion survey and examination grades. Future outcomes will analyze how this population vs. the traditional track students perform in course exams, clinical surgical rotation scores and residency matches.

2009-11-01

402

White Collar Work: Career Ambitions of Fiji Final Year School Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The career ambitions of 1012 pupils in the final years of secondary schooling in Fiji were surveyed. The range of careers they nominated was very narrow, with teaching, nursing and other white collar work in the majority of responses. This stands in somewhat stark contrast to projected labour force needs, and the current serious shortage of…

Nilan, Pam; Cavu, Paula; Tagicakiverata, Isimeli; Hazelman, Emily

2006-01-01

403

Adolescent Summer Care Arrangements and Risk for Obesity the Following School Year  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This longitudinal study identified common summer care arrangements for adolescents and examined whether those arrangements predicted risk for obesity (Body Mass Index (BMI) [greater than or equal to] 85th percentile for age and gender) the following school year. Participants were a nationally representative sample of 1766 adolescents ages 10-18…

Mahoney, Joseph L.

2011-01-01

404

Physical Activity Patterns During School Recess: A Study in Children 6 to 10 Years Old  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aims of this study were to characterize the spontaneous physical activity of children during school recess, and to estimate variation in physical activity associated with gender and age. A MTI actigraph (Model 7164) was used with a sample of 140 boys and 131 girls, 6 to 10 years of age. MTI counts were converted to METs using a regression…

Lopes, Victor; Vasques, Catarina Margarida Silva; de Oliveira Pereira, Maria Beatriz Ferreira Leite

2006-01-01

405

A Program in the Making: Year 1 Annual Report. NASA Explorer Schools Evaluation Brief 3  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The briefs in the NES Evaluation Briefs series provide updates on evaluation results relevant to the design, implementation, and impact of the NES program. This Brief highlights how the program was implemented in Year 1. The Brief provides contextual information about participating schools, organizational approaches to participation, strategic…

Hernandez, Victor; McGee, Steven; Reese, Debbie Denise; Kirby, Jennifer; Martin, Judy

2004-01-01

406

Does television viewing predict dietary intake five years later in high school students and young adults?  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Prior research has found that television viewing is associated with poor diet quality, though little is known about its long-term impact on diet, particularly during adolescence. This study examined the associations between television viewing behavior with dietary intake five years later. METHODS: Survey data, which included television viewing time and food frequency questionnaires, were analyzed for 564 middle school

Daheia J Barr-Anderson; Nicole I Larson; Melissa C Nelson; Dianne Neumark-Sztainer; Mary Story

2009-01-01

407

Correlates of Mathematics Anxiety in First-Year Elementary School Teachers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Mathematics anxiety was measured in 40 first-year elementary school teachers (grades 2-5) and compared to teaching outcomes. From classroom observations, it was found that those with higher anxiety planned less math and taught non-math content more often, but ratings of the teachers' instructional performance did not differ. (SLD)

Trice, Ashton D.; Ogden, Epp P.

1987-01-01

408

Duke University School of Nursing accepts two postdoctoral associates each year  

E-print Network

of care in nursing homes; complexity science Donald Bailey, Jr., PhD, RN -- Aging and chronic illness; men, GCNS, BC -- Quality of life in frail elderly; nursing home care; physical activity in cognitivelyDuke University School of Nursing accepts two postdoctoral associates each year in developing

Reif, John H.

409

The Principal's Guide to the First 100 Days of the School Year: Creating Instructional Momentum  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For veteran principals, new principals, and aspiring principals, this book is a valuable resource for building instructional momentum during the beginning of the school year. Educational leadership expert Shawn Joseph guides administrators through five key areas: (1) Vision; (2) Instructional Leadership; (3) Politics; (4) Data; and (5) Planning.

Joseph, Shawn

2012-01-01

410

A One-Year Study of the Development of Co-Teaching in Four Finnish Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this follow-up study, development of co-teaching was studied in four different schools in Helsinki, Finland. Teachers, altogether 54, 51 and 26, respectively, responded to an electronic questionnaire three times during one year. The attitudes towards co-teaching were positive although the frequency of co-teaching remained low. Co-teaching was…

Takala, Marjatta; Uusitalo-Malmivaara, Lotta

2012-01-01

411

"No Child Left Behind" State Education Report, School Year 2003-04.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document contains statistical information for the following performance targets for school years 2002-03 and 2003-04 in the state of Hawaii: (1) reading; (2) mathematics; (3) graduation; and (4) retention. The federal "No Child Left Behind" (NCLB) law requires the state to report this information. The state performance of these groups are…

State of Hawaii Department of Education, 2004

2004-01-01

412

Leadership and Change in Schools: Personal Reflections over the Last 30 Years  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The two fields of leadership studies and school change have increasingly converged over the last 30 years. This paper reviews the origins of the intersection, and the development of research themes in three areas: The role of leaders in shaping and using organizational culture, the agency of teachers in the change process, and the importance of…

Seashore, Karen R.

2009-01-01

413

Stressful Situations Experienced by Six Year-Old Children when Starting Pre-School Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of this study is to examine stressful situations six-year-olds experience when they attend kindergarten for the first time. Study group consisted of 45 pre-school teachers working in kindergartens affiliated to Ministry of National Education in Konya. Qualitative research methods were used in the study. For this study, a semi-structured…

Durmusoglu Saltali, Neslihan; Erbay, Filiz

2013-01-01

414

The sexual health of pupils in years 4 to 6 of primary schools in rural Tanzania  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background\\/objectives: There is an urgent need for effective interventions to improve the sexual and reproductive health of adolescents. Reliable data on the sexual health of adolescents are needed to guide the development of such interventions. The aim was to describe the sexual health of pupils in years 4 to 6 of 121 rural primary schools in north western Tanzania, before

J Todd; J Changalucha; D A Ross; F Mosha; A I N Obasi; M Plummer; R Balira; H Grosskurth; D C W Mabey; R Hayes

2004-01-01

415

The Impact of Years of Teaching Experience on the Classroom Management Approaches of Elementary School Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study provided a basis for answering the following essential question: Does the years of experience affect teachers' classroom management approaches? Data were collected from 268 primary school teachers. The findings of this study demonstrated that experienced teachers are more likely to prefer to be in control in their classrooms than…

Unal, Zafer; Unal, Aslihan

2012-01-01

416

Revenues and Expenditures for Public Elementary and Secondary Education: School Year 1997-98.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents national and state information on public education finances, including revenues by source, current expenditures by function, and current expenditures per pupil. About $326 billion of revenues were raised by local, state, and federal governments to finance public education through grade 12 in school year 1997-1998. (Author/SLD)

Johnson, Frank

2000-01-01

417

Year 1 Evaluation of Nebraska's Statewide Plan: Connecting Schools to the Internet.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews activities in the first year of a Nebraska plan to connect K-12 schools to the Internet, including: installing UNIX-based computers; developing a statewide training program; hiring; distributing support materials; and devising a formative evaluation process. Trends in teacher and student Internet use and eight projects in classroom…

Topp, Neal W.; Grandgenett, Neal

1996-01-01

418

The Influence of School Socioeconomic Status on First-Year Teachers' Emotions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined first-year teachers' (FYTs) experiences at high poverty and non-high poverty schools, exploring their emotional responses to critical incidents. Twenty-eight FYTs were interviewed. The results highlighted the influence of FYT's interactions with students, coworkers, administrators, and parents on their emotions. FYTs at high…

Darby, Alexa; Mihans, Richard; Gonzalez, Kirsten; Lyons, Mary; Goldstein, Julie; Anderson, Kelly

2011-01-01

419

Minnesota Family Literacy and School Readiness Study: Results through Year 2  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report presents findings from the two-year Minnesota Family Literacy and School Readiness study. It provides information on the impacts of participating Family Literacy programs and on the first and second cohorts of children (and their families) enrolled in these programs. The Minnesota Early Learning Foundation provided the Amherst H.…

Gozali-Lee, Edith; Mueller, Dan

2010-01-01

420

Association of classroom participation and examination performance in a first-year medical school course  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The advent of internet-based delivery of basic medical science lectures may unintentionally lead to decreased classroom attendance and participation, thereby creating a distance learning paradigm. In this study, we tested the hypothesis that classroom attendance/participation may be positively correlated with performance on a written examination for first-year medical school instruction.

Richard M Mills (Howard University College of Medicine Department of Physiology and Biophysics and Department of Medical Education)

2009-01-01

421

A-Level Results in Comprehensive Schools: The COMBSE Project, Year 1.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Results of the first year of the ongoing Confidential, Measurement-Based, Self-Evaluation Project that examines variables related to A-level English and Mathematics achievement in 10 comprehensive schools in the United Kingdom are presented. A-level results were found to be strongly predicted by teacher assessments and by prior O-level achievement…

Fitz-Gibbon, Carol T.

1985-01-01

422

Measuring High School Mathematics Teachers' Concerns about Graphing Calculators and Change: A Year Long Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article discusses the impact of a year long professional development on high school mathematics teachers' concerns regarding the implementation of graphing calculators in their classrooms. Teachers' concerns were assessed at the beginning and end of the yearlong professional development using the Concerns Based Adoption Model Stages of…

Chamblee, Gregory E.; Slough, Scott W.; Wunsch, Gaye

2008-01-01

423

Reading Recovery Effectiveness: A Five-Year Success Story in San Luis Coastal Unified School District.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a five-year longitudinal study of "Reading Recovery," a program in the San Luis (California) Coastal Unified School District, providing tutoring for children struggling with beginning reading. Of 613 participating first graders, 513 successfully completed the program. "Graduates" reached average reading and writing proficiency and…

Brown, Wayne; Denton, Edwin; Kelly, Patricia; Neal, Judith

1999-01-01

424

Effects of Year-Round Schooling on Disadvantaged Students and the Distribution of Standardized Test Performance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using detailed longitudinal data for the state of California, this paper estimates the effect of year-round school calendars on nationally standardized test performance of traditionally disadvantaged students. The student subgroups studied in this paper are: low socioeconomic status, limited English proficiency, Hispanic and Latino, and African…

Graves, Jennifer

2011-01-01

425

A student with exceptional scholastic achievement through their junior year of high school may be considered for early admission if recommended by the high school principal. Early admission is designed for students who desire to leave high school entirely  

E-print Network

A student with exceptional scholastic achievement through their junior year of high school may be considered for early admission if recommended by the high school principal. Early admission is designed for students who desire to leave high school entirely after their junior year and attend the University of Utah

Tipple, Brett

426

Effects of Cougar Predation and Nutrition on Mule Deer Population Declines in the IM Province of the Columbia Basin, Annual Report 2002-2003.  

SciTech Connect

Construction of the Grand Coulee and Chief Joseph dams has resulted in inundation and loss of 29,125 total habitat units for mule deer and irrigation agriculture in many parts the Intermountain Province (IM) of the Columbia Basin. Mule deer in the Shrub-Steppe are ranked high priority target species for mitigation and management and are declining in most portions of the sub basins of the IM. Reasons for the decline are unknown but believed to be related to habitat changes resulting from dams and irrigation agriculture. White-tailed deer are believed to be increasing throughout the basin because of habitat changes brought about by the dams and irrigation agriculture. Recent research (1997-2000) in the NE IM and adjacent Canadian portions of the Columbia Basin (conducted by this author and funded by the Columbia Basin Fish & Wildlife Compensation Program B.C.), suggest that the increasing white-tailed deer populations (because of dams and irrigation agriculture) are resulting in increased predation by cougars on mule deer (apparent competition or alternate prey hypothesis). The apparent competition hypothesis predicts that as alternate prey (white-tailed deer) densities increase, so do densities of predators, resulting in increased incidental predation on sympatric native prey (mule deer). Apparent competition can result in population declines and even extirpation of native prey in some cases. Such a phenomenon may account for declines of mule deer in the IM and throughout arid and semi-arid West where irrigation agriculture is practiced. We will test the apparent competition hypothesis by conducting a controlled, replicated 'press' experiment in at least 2 treatment and 2 control areas of the IM sub basins by reducing densities of white-tailed deer and observing any changes in cougar predation on mule deer. Deer densities will be monitored by WADFW personnel using annual aerial surveys and/or other trend indices. Predation rates and population growth rates of deer will be determined using radio telemetry. Changes in cougar functional (kills/unit time), aggregative (cougars/unit area), numerical (offspring/cougar), and total (predation rate) responses on deer will also be monitored using radio telemetry. The experiment will be conducted and completed over a period of 5 years. Results will be used to determine the cause and try to halt the mule deer population declines. Results will also guide deer mitigation and management in the IM and throughout the North American West.

Wielgus, Robert; Shipley, Lisa; Myers, Woodrow

2003-09-01

427

Let Us Not Forget to Support LGBT Youth in the Middle School Years  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article starts with a story of 14-year-old Robbie Kirkland who committed suicide after a four-year struggle to accept and find peace with his homosexuality. Robbie knew he was gay at age 10, told his family, and his family loved, accepted, and supported him. But that was not enough, because every day Robbie had to go to school and face the…

Bailey, Norma J.

2005-01-01

428

Conceptual Spawning Habitat Model to Aid in ESA Recovery Plans for Snake River Fall Chinook Salmon, 2002-2003 Annual Report.  

SciTech Connect

The goal of this project is to develop a spawning habitat model that can be used to determine the physical habitat factors that are necessary to define the production potential for fall chinook salmon that spawn in large mainstem rivers like the Columbia River's Hanford Reach and Snake River. This project addresses RPA 155 in the NMFS 2000 Biological Opinion: Action 155: BPA, working with BOR, the Corps, EPA, and USGS, shall develop a program to: (1) Identify mainstem habitat sampling reaches, survey conditions, describe cause-and-effect relationships, and identify research needs; (2) Develop improvement plans for all mainstem reaches; and (3) Initiate improvements in three mainstem reaches. During FY 2003 we continued to collect and analyze information on fall chinook salmon spawning habitat characteristics in the Hanford Reach that will be used to address RPA 155, i.e., items 1-3 above. For example, in FY 2003: (1) We continued to survey spawning habitat in the Hanford Reach and develop a 2-dimensional hydraulic and habitat model that will be capable of predicting suitability of fall chinook salmon habitat in the Hanford Reach; (2) Monitor how hydro operations altered the physical and chemical characteristics of the river and the hyporheic zone within fall chinook salmon spawning areas in the Hanford Reach; (3) Published a paper on the impacts of the Columbia River hydroelectric system on main-stem habitats of fall chinook salmon (Dauble et al. 2003). This paper was made possible with data collected on this project; (4) Continued to analyze data collected in previous years that will ultimately be used to identify cause-and-effect relationships and identify research needs that will assist managers in the improvement of fall chinook habitat quality in main-stem reaches. During FY 2004 we plan to: (1) Complete preliminary reporting and submit papers based on the results of the project through FY 2004. Although we have proposed additional analysis of data be conducted in FY 2005, we anticipate a significant number of key papers being prepared and submitted in FY 2004 which will go toward identifying the data gaps this RPA is intended to address; (2) Make available data from this project for use on Project 2003-038-00 ('Evaluate restoration potential of Snake River fall chinook salmon') which is a BPA-funded project that will start in FY 2004; and (3) Present results of our work at regional and national meetings in order to facilitate technology transfer and information sharing. The objective of this project is to define the production potential of fall chinook salmon that spawn in the Hanford Reach. We will provide fisheries and resource managers with the information they need to determine if the Hanford Reach fall chinook salmon population is indeed healthy, and whether this population will be capable of seeding other satellite populations in the future. We will accomplish this purpose by continuing our on-going research at determining the carrying capacity of the Hanford Reach for producing fall chinook salmon under current operational scenarios, and then begin an assessment of whether the Reach is functioning as a model of a normative river as is widely believed. The product of our research will be a better understanding of the key habitat features for mainstem populations of anadromous salmonids, as well as a better understanding of the measures that must be taken to ensure long-term protection of the Hanford Reach fall chinook population. Although the project was originally funded in FY 1994, it was significantly redefined in FY 2000. At that time five tasks were proposed to accomplish the project objective. The purpose of this progress report is to briefly describe the activities that have been completed on each of the five tasks from FY 2000 through FY 2003.

Geist, David (Pacific Northwest National Laboratory)

2005-09-01

429

Dental students' attitudes toward underserved populations across four years of dental school.  

PubMed

The objective of this study was to assess dental students' attitudes toward underserved populations across their four years of dental school. Students at the Herman Ostrow School of Dentistry of the University of Southern California were invited to take part in the study. Participating students completed a questionnaire on their attitudes toward the underserved at three time points: 1) during orientation week; 2) at the end of their second year after taking part in some community dental programs; and 3) at the end of their fourth year after they had completed all their mandatory and volunteer rotations in community dental programs. Students' attitudes were measured in four categories: societal expectations, dentist/student responsibility, personal efficacy, and access to care. First-year students scored 85 out of a maximum of 115 on the questionnaire. Female students scored higher than male students (P=0.006). Age, debt, and past history of volunteer work were not related to first-year students' total attitude scores; however, students with a history of volunteer experience scored higher on the dentist/student responsibility category (P=0.04). Students' attitude scores declined across the four years of dental school (P=0.001). The same patterns were evident for all categories except societal expectations. The decline was not related to age, gender, debt, or volunteer work experience. Follow-up studies are needed to help explain the factors that may be related to this decline. PMID:21828295

Habibian, Mina; Seirawan, Hazem; Mulligan, Roseann

2011-08-01

430

Demographic studies on final year veterinary students of nine European schools.  

PubMed

In 1975 a survey of some aspects of veterinary student selection, background and education as well as intended employment after qualification was conducted in the veterinary schools at Bristol, Glasgow, Liverpool, Helsinki, Stockholm, Hannover, Ghent, Toulouse and Vienna. In all schools student selection was primarily based on academic ability. A numerus clausus existed in six of the nine schools. No sex discrimination in student selection was practised in seven of the nine schools. The proportion of male students in the final year of 1975 ranged from 57 per cent in Glasgow to 97 per cent in Ghent. The parents of the students were predominantly of socioeconomic classes 1 (28 per cent), 2 (38 per cent) or 3 non manual (20 per cent), and no significant differences were found between the UK and the continental schools. Six per cent of the parents were veterinarians while 15 per cent were farmers. The financing by students of their veterinary studies varied markedly between schools. Over 80 per cent of the students wished to go first into general practice, with little tendency, except among UK students, to go into employment abroad first. PMID:516313

Weaver, A D

1979-09-22

431

First-Year Principals in Urban School Districts: How Actions and Working Conditions Relate to Outcomes. Technical Report  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Principals new to their school face a variety of challenges that can influence their likelihood of improving their schools' performance and their likelihood of remaining the principal. Understanding the actions that principals take and the working conditions they face in the first year can inform efforts to promote school improvement and principal…

Burkhauser, Susan; Gates, Susan M.; Hamilton, Laura S.; Ikemoto, Gina Schuyler

2012-01-01

432

Are Substance Use Prevention Programs More Effective in Schools Making Adequate Yearly Progress? A Study of Project ALERT  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This exploratory study sought to determine if a popular school-based drug prevention program might be effective in schools that are making adequate yearly progress (AYP). Thirty-four schools with grades 6 through 8 in 11 states were randomly assigned either to receive Project ALERT (n = 17) or to a control group (n = 17); of these, 10 intervention…

Clark, Heddy Kovach; Ringwalt, Chris L.; Shamblen, Stephen R.; Hanley, Sean M.; Flewelling, Robert L.

2011-01-01

433

Differences in American College Test Performance after Seven Years of No Child Left Behind Reform in an Urban School District  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study addressed the effectiveness of No Child Left Behind reform in an urban school district. The researcher obtained American College Test composite scores from a diverse, urban, public school district and a private school within the same city for years 2001 and 2008. Statistical tests were run to determine if seniors' scores were…

Hammond, Craig Alan

2010-01-01

434

The sexual health of pupils in years 4 to 6 of primary schools in rural Tanzania  

PubMed Central

Background/objectives: There is an urgent need for effective interventions to improve the sexual and reproductive health of adolescents. Reliable data on the sexual health of adolescents are needed to guide the development of such interventions. The aim was to describe the sexual health of pupils in years 4 to 6 of 121 rural primary schools in north western Tanzania, before the implementation of an innovative sexual health intervention in 58 of the schools. Methods: A cross sectional survey of primary school pupils in rural Tanzania was carried out. The study population comprised pupils registered in years 4 to 6 of 121 primary schools in 20 rural communities in 1998. Basic demographic information was collected from all pupils seen. Those born before 1 January 1985 (aged approximately 14 years and over) were invited to participate in the survey, and asked about their knowledge and attitudes towards sexual health issues, and their sexual experience. A urine specimen was requested and tested for HIV, Chlamydia trachomatis (CT), Neisseria gonorrhoeae (NG) and, for females, pregnancy. Results: 9283 pupils born before 1 January 1985 were enrolled and provided demographic information and a urine sample. Male pupils were significantly older than females (mean age 15.5 years v 14.8 years, p<0.001), but all other demographic characteristics were similar between the sexes. 14 (0.2%) of the enrolled pupils (four male and 10 female) were HIV positive, 83 (0.9%) were positive for CT, and 12 (0.1%) for NG. 32 female pupils (0.8%) were positive by pregnancy test. Sexual experience was reported by one fifth of primary school girls, and by almost half of boys. Only 45/114 (39%) girls with biological markers of sexual activity reported having had sex. Conclusions: HIV, CT, NG, and pregnancy were present though at relatively low levels among pupils in years 4 to 6 of primary school. A high proportion of pupils with a biological marker of sexual activity denied ever having had sex. Alternative ways of collecting sensitive data about the sexual behaviour of school pupils should be explored. PMID:14755033

Todd, J; Changalucha, J; Ross, D; Mosha, F; Obasi, A; Plummer, M; Balira, R; Grosskurth, H; Mabey, D; Hayes, R

2004-01-01

435

Associations between changing developmental contexts and risky sexual behavior in the two years following high school.  

PubMed

The present study tested associations between common developmental contexts (relationship involvement, independent living, college attendance, work) and risky sexual behavior (casual sex, inconsistent condom use, high-risk sex) across the 2 years following high school. Data were drawn from the Raising Healthy Children project, and included 801 participants aged 18-21 years. Longitudinal analyses, which controlled for early sexual debut, high school substance use, and high school grades, showed that living with a parent was protective against all three sexual risk behavior outcomes (ORs about 0.70). Being in a romantic relationship was associated with a lower probability of casual sex, but a higher probability of inconsistent condom use. Attending college was associated with a lower probability of high-risk sex (OR = 0.67). Working was not related to the sexual risk behaviors examined. Levels of sexual risk behavior showed little change across the 2 years following high school. Findings from this study suggest that developmental context may affect young adults' engagement in risky sexual behavior. Programs aimed at promoting sexual health and reducing risk behaviors for STIs among young adults should consider targeting those in romantic relationships, those not living with parents, and those not attending college. Further, to develop effective prevention programs for these targeted youth, it is critical that we understand the mechanisms leading to risky sex in these groups. PMID:20571863

Bailey, Jennifer A; Haggerty, Kevin P; White, Helene R; Catalano, Richard F

2011-10-01

436

[Realities and professional expectations of medical students attending Guinea Bissau's medical school in 2007 school year].  

PubMed

In Guinea Bissau, the majority of university level professionals are still being trained abroad and most of them do not return to their country. This was a major incentive for creating Guinea Bissau's Medical School. An observational, cross-sectional, analytic study was conducted on the second trimester of 2007 to characterize the socio-demographic, familial and educational profile of medical students, their satisfaction levels, difficulties and expectations concerning the medicine course. A questionnaire was used and a response rate of 63% achieved (81 students). Data was analyzed using SPSS v.17 for descriptive statistics. Students are very committed to their education. They tend to decide to take the medicine course early in their lives and are influenced by their relatives. They choose to be medical doctors because they like it but also for altruistic reasons and the desire to save lives. Although many face financial and material difficulties, they tend to have success in their academic live. They live with their parents, do not have children and some have side jobs to provide for extra income to help with their education. They expect their education to make them good doctors in any part of the world and want to work simultaneously in the public (to serve their country and pay their debt to the State) and in the private sector (to enhance their income). The large majority wants to work in a hospital, in Bissau, and to be a pediatrician or obstetrician. They have unreasonably high expectations concerning their future income as medical doctors. PMID:22011598

Fronteira, Inęs; Rodrigues, Amabélia; Pereira, Camilo; Silva, Augusto P; Mercer, Hugo; Dussault, Guilles; Ferrinho, Paulo

2011-01-01

437

Socio-economic factors and use of maternal health services are associated with delayed initiation and non-exclusive breastfeeding in Indonesia: secondary analysis of Indonesia Demographic and Health Surveys 2002/2003 and 2007.  

PubMed

This analysis aims to examine factors associated with delayed initiation and non-exclusive breastfeeding in Indonesia. Data were derived from the 2002/2003 and 2007 Indonesia Demographic and Health Survey. Information from 12,191 singleton live-born infants aged 0-23 months was used to examine factors associated with delayed initiation of breastfeeding. Furthermore, information from 3,187 singleton live-born infants aged 0-5 months was used to identify factors associated with non-exclusive breastfeeding. Associations between potential predictors and study outcomes were examined using logistic regression. Our study found that infants from high household wealth-index had significantly increased odds of both delayed initiation and non-exclusive breastfeeding. Other factors associated with an increased odds of delayed initiation of breastfeeding included infants from Sumatera region (OR=1.64, 95% CI: 1.38-1.95), Caesarean-section deliveries (OR=1.84, 95% CI: 1.39-2.44) and deliveries in government-owned (OR=1.38, 95% CI: 1.08-1.76) and non-health facility (OR=1.20, 95% CI: 1.00-1.43). Other factors associated with an increased odds for non-exclusive breastfeeding included parents who were in the workforce (OR=1.37, 95% CI: 1.06-1.78) and mothers with obstetric complication at childbirth (OR=1.35, 95% CI: 1.05-1.74). However, the odds reduced for infants from Eastern Indonesia (OR=0.64, 95% CI: 0.49-0.85). Poor breastfeeding practices are associated with environmental, socio-economic, pregnancy-birthing characteristics and maternal health services factors. Efforts to promote breastfeeding practices should be conducted comprehensively to target population at risk for poor breastfeeding practices. PMID:24561977

Titaley, Christiana R; Loh, Philips C; Prasetyo, Sabarinah; Ariawan, Iwan; Shankar, Anuraj H

2014-01-01

438

Organized Physical Activity in Young School Children Predicts Subsequent 4-Year Change in Body Mass Index  

PubMed Central

Objective To determine whether participation in organized outdoor team sports and structured indoor non-school activity programs in kindergarten and first grade predicted subsequent 4-year change in Body Mass Index (BMI) across the adiposity rebound period of childhood. Design Longitudinal cohort study. Setting Forty-five schools in 13 communities across Southern California. Participants Largely Hispanic and non-Hispanic white children (N = 4,550; average age at study entry 6.60 years, standard deviation 0.65). Main Exposures Parents completed questionnaires assessing physical activity, demographic characteristics and other relevant covariates at baseline. Data on built and social environmental variables were linked to the neighborhood around children’s homes using geographical information systems (GIS). Main Outcome Measures Each child’s height and weight were measured annually during 4-years of follow-up. Results After adjusting for several confounders, BMI increased at a 0.05 unit per year slower rate for children who participated in outdoor organized team sports at least twice per week as compared to children who did not. For participation in each additional indoor non-school structured activity classes, lessons, and program, BMI increased at a 0.05 unit per year slower rate, and the attained BMI level at age 10 was 0.48 units lower. Conclusions Engagement in organized sports and activity programs as early as kindergarten and the first grade may result in smaller increases in BMI during the adiposity rebound period of childhood. PMID:22869403

Dunton, Genevieve; McConnell, Rob; Jerrett, Michael; Wolch, Jennifer; Lam, Claudia; Gilliland, Frank; Berhane, Kiros

2012-01-01

439

Hawaii State School Readiness Assessment State Results, School Year 2004-2005. [Hawaii State Summary, Fall 2004.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Hawaii State School Readiness Assessment is a critical component of the School Readiness Task Force's strategy to improve school readiness and student achievement. This tool provides annual school and system level accountability for Hawaii's investments in early childhood programs and services. This profile offers aggregated school level…

State of Hawaii Department of Education, 2004

2004-01-01

440

Comprehensive College Plan for 2002-2003.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This plan for San Antonio College (SAC) (Texas), a college of the Alamo Community College District (ACCD), offers vision and mission statements for both ACCD and SAC. In addition, it details the Institutional Effectiveness process and philosophy for SAC. The document also includes SAC strategic goals and initiatives, and unit strategic objectives,…

San Antonio Coll., TX.

441

engineering (coe) 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004  

E-print Network

) Electrical & Computer Engineering (ECE) Mechanical & Industrial Engineering (M&IE) Air Force ROTC Army ROTC.S.) Computer Engineering (B.S.) Electrical Engineering (B.S., M.S.) Environmental Engineering (M.S.) Industrial Engineering (B.S.) Industrial & Management Engineering (M.S.) Mechanical Engineering (B.S., M.S.) Mechanical

Dyer, Bill

442

CCSF Management Plan, 2002/2003.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This is the 2001-2002 management plan for the City College of San Francisco (CCSF), California. The plan contains the following sections: (1) Overview of Planning and Budgeting; (2) Vision, Values, and Mission; (3) College Goals and Strategic Priorities; (4) Annual Institutional Plan CCSF 2002-03; (5) College Core Performance Indicators; and (6)…

City Coll. of San Francisco, CA.

443

Annual Report 2002-2003 INTRODUCTION 3  

E-print Network

-FAITH BRITAIN 9 TEENAGE PREGNANCY - CAUSE AND EFFECT 10 SERVICES TO CHILDREN IN NEED AND IN NEED OF PROTECTION Wright as Directors of Social Services with whom we have had close working relationships, and welcomed

Feigon, Brooke

444

After School Astronomy Clubs: Lessons Learned from Over 10 Years of Collaboration  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

After School Astronomy clubs are unique in focusing on children in the K-12 grades as opposed to the numerous Amateur Astronomy Clubs within the US and abroad whose membership is largely adult focused. Over the last 12 years, we have identified over 100 clubs that were previously running in isolation, provided them with science and education resources and a means to communicate, created an online community of after School Astronomy Clubs, and facilitated the development of new clubs. Over this time, our model for developing and running these clubs has changed as we gained experience with various target populations, educational settings, and external partners and as best practices have emerged regarding engagement, impact, pedagogy, and sustainability. This talk will highlight these experiences and practices and discuss implications for future development of the After School Astronomy Club program.

Mayo, Louis

2010-10-01

445

[School-detected child abuse in Geneva: outlook on the past 10 years].  

PubMed

The Child and youth health service of the Canton of Geneva is an important actor in support of abused children attending school. Incidence of child abuse is stable at around 3.5 per 1,000 school children. Physical, psychological abuse and neglect are the types most frequently encountered. The main risk factors for abuse are precarious socio-economic situations, parenting issues and finally issues related to young people themselves. Although the incidence of abuse is stable in recent years, with respect to the growing number of children attending school, we can conclude that the absolute number of children at risk increases, confirming the need to develop and maintain common policies and prevention actions in this area. PMID:25199228

Maneff, Christina; Jeannot, Emilien; Mpinga, Emmanuel Kabengele; Lazarevic, Claire Anne Wyler; Chastonay, Philippe

2014-08-13

446

Vaccination coverage among children in kindergarten - United States, 2013-14 school year.  

PubMed

State and local vaccination requirements for school entry are implemented to maintain high vaccination coverage and protect schoolchildren from vaccine-preventable diseases. Each year, to assess state and national vaccination coverage and exemption levels among kindergartners, CDC analyzes school vaccination data collected by federally funded state, local, and territorial immunization programs. This report describes vaccination coverage in 49 states and the District of Columbia (DC) and vaccination exemption rates in 46 states and DC for children enrolled in kindergarten during the 2013-14 school year. Median vaccination coverage was 94.7% for 2 doses of measles, mumps, and rubella (MMR) vaccine; 95.0% for varying local requirements for diphtheria, tetanus toxoid, and acellular pertussis (DTaP) vaccine; and 93.3% for 2 doses of varicella vaccine among those states with a 2-dose requirement. The median total exemption rate was 1.8%. High exemption levels and suboptimal vaccination coverage leave children vulnerable to vaccine-preventable diseases. Although vaccination coverage among kindergartners for the majority of reporting states was at or near the 95% national Healthy People 2020 targets for 4 doses of DTaP, 2 doses of MMR, and 2 doses of varicella vaccine, low vaccination coverage and high exemption levels can cluster within communities. Immunization programs might have access to school vaccination coverage and exemption rates at a local level for counties, school districts, or schools that can identify areas where children are more vulnerable to vaccine-preventable diseases. Health promotion efforts in these local areas can be used to help parents understand the risks for vaccine-preventable diseases and the protection that vaccinations provide to their children. PMID:25321068

Seither, Ranee; Masalovich, Svetlana; Knighton, Cynthia L; Mellerson, Jenelle; Singleton, James A; Greby, Stacie M

2014-10-17

447

Head impact exposure in youth football: middle school ages 12-14 years.  

PubMed

The head impact exposure experienced by football players at the college and high school levels has been well documented; however, there are limited data regarding youth football despite its dramatically larger population. The objective of this study was to investigate head impact exposure in middle school football. Impacts were monitored using a commercially available accelerometer array installed inside the helmets of 17 players aged 12-14 years. A total of 4678 impacts were measured, with an average (±standard deviation) of 275?±?190 impacts per player. The average of impact distributions for each player had a median impact of 22?±?2?g and 954?±?122?rad/s˛, and a 95th percentile impact of 54?±?9?g and 2525?±?450?rad/s˛. Similar to the head impact exposure experienced by high school and collegiate players, these data show that middle school football players experience a greater number of head impacts during games than practices. There were no significant differences between median and 95th percentile head acceleration magnitudes experienced during games and practices; however, a larger number of impacts greater than 80?g occurred during games than during practices. Impacts to the front and back of the helmet were most common. Overall, these data are similar to high school and college data that have been collected using similar methods. These data have applications toward youth football helmet design, the development of strategies designed to limit head impact exposure, and child-specific brain injury criteria. PMID:24950298

Daniel, Ray W; Rowson, Steven; Duma, Stefan M

2014-09-01

448

Five Years of the RoBOT "Rocks Beneath Our Toes" High School Outreach Program  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The "Rocks Beneath Our Toes" or RoBOT Program began in 2006 as part of an NSF CAREER award through the Geochemistry and Petrology Program. The educational outreach program engages Boston area high school students in a hands on study of rocks and minerals collected in their communities. The goal is to provide high school students a unique window into modern scientific methods of geochemistry and mineralogy and create a higher level of interest and awareness of geoscience amongst Massachusetts secondary school students who are less often exposed to earth science coursework. Beginning with a joint field trip to sampling sites identified by participants, high school students work with Boston University undergraduates enrolled in Mineralogy to analyze their samples in thin section. During the field trip, each BU undergraduate is paired with a high school student. The assignment of student pairings (started in year 2) dramatically increased student interactions and enjoyment. The program culminates with a visit by the high school group to tour BU's lab facilities and work with the undergraduates using the petrographic microscopes to explore their rock. At this visit, BU undergraduates present their semester's work in one-on-one powerpoint presentations from which discussion and microscope work follow. Thus far, >50 high school students, >40 undergraduates, and 7 high school educators were involved in the program. This included participants from three different suburban Boston area high schools and with students enrolled in the BU "Upward Bound" program: an existing program designed to enhance educational opportunities for Boston inner city high school students. Participant reviews indicate great success in achieving the program's goals. Notably, both BU undergraduates and high school students rated the opportunities for interaction with eachother among the best aspects of RoBOT. On a scale of 1 to 10, BU undergraduates rated the following four categories highest: powerpoint presentations to students (8.5); field trip (8.4); working together with microscopes (8.3); would you recommend RoBOT to others (8.2). The high school students rated the following four categories highest: RoBOT provided new geosciences experiences (9.3); working together with microscopes (9.0); tour of BU labs (8.7); powerpoint presentations by students (8.4). In addition, the PI was able to recruit top undergraduate students from Mineralogy and the RoBOT experience to join his research group where they could contribute to broader CAREER award research aims. Challenges and areas for improvement remain for the future of RoBOT. These include keeping participants engaged between the field trip and the BU visit, logistics of field trip scheduling especially with larger groups requiring more field sites and samples, and the ability to gain the interest and collaboration of secondary school educators to initiate the program in the first place. This has proven especially difficult for high schools that do not offer any earth science curriculum, indicating once again the uphill battle in perception that the geosciences face at the secondary school level.

Baxter, E. F.

2011-12-01

449

An Investigation of Emotional Skills of Six-Year-Old Children Attending Nursery School According to Some Variables  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study is for the emotional skills of six-year-old children attending nursery school according to some variables. The participants were 306 (135 girls and 171 boys) six-year-old children attending nursery school. Data were collected from Assessment of Children's Emotional Skills and personal information form. In order to analyze…

Durmusoglu-Saltali, Neslihan; Arslan, Emel

2011-01-01

450

Alaska Educational Systems in Action at Eagle, Alaska: 1901-1981. Summary of Eagle's Schools Eighty Years.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The 80-year history of education at Eagle on the Yukon (Alaska) includes 40 years when a dual system (white-Indian) was in operation, times when only one school was open, and changes following statehood. Eagle City was founded in 1898; the first white school opened in 1901 with seven students. The Indians lived at Eagle Village, 3 miles upriver.…

Scott, Elva R.

451

Early Childhood Behavioral Inhibition and Social and School Adjustment in Chinese Children: A 5-Year Longitudinal Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined relations between early behavioral inhibition and social and school outcomes in Chinese children (N = 200). Data on behavioral inhibition were collected from a sample of 2-year-olds in China. Follow-up data on social behaviors, peer relationships, and school performance were collected from multiple sources at 7 years of age.…

Chen, Xinyin; Chen, Huichang; Li, Dan; Wang, Li

2009-01-01

452

Summer Rejuvenation Guide: 10 Tips to Help You Relax, Reflect, and Recharge for the Coming School Year  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

During the rush of the school year, free time is an all-too-scarce commodity for busy teachers. Summer's another story. More relaxed schedules allow a little breathing room to reflect, collaborate, plan ahead--or just unwind. The time off is all important for helping teachers get reinvigorated and ready for the new school year. Whether your summer…

George Lucas Educational Foundation, 2010

2010-01-01

453

Project to Improve Equality of Educational Opportunities in Redlands, School Year 1969-70. Title IV Evaluation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This Title IV, Civil Rights Act evaluation of Projects to Improve Equality of Educational Opportunities in Redlands, school year 1969-1970, concludes that the outcomes of a year of desegregated education are as follows. Seventy percent of the parents said that their children are more interested in school and are receiving a better education today.…

Serrano, Tirso G.

454

At-Risk Elementary School Children with One Year of Classroom Music Instruction Are Better at Keeping a Beat  

E-print Network

At-Risk Elementary School Children with One Year of Classroom Music Instruction Are Better in collaboration with Harmony Project, a non- profit organization providing free music education to children School Children with One Year of Classroom Music Instruction Are Better at Keeping a Beat. PLoS ONE 8

Kraus, Nina

455

Six-year follow-up of the first Waterloo school smoking prevention trial.  

PubMed Central

This paper reports six-year follow-up data from the first large-scale randomized trial of the social influences approach to smoking prevention. In 1979, 22 schools were randomly assigned to program or control conditions. Students in program schools received a social influences curriculum in six core and two maintenance sessions in grade 6, two booster sessions in grade 7, and one booster session in grade 8. All students were assessed at pretest (T1), immediate posttest (T2), end of grade 6 (T3), beginning and end of grade 7 (T4 and T5), end of grade 8 (T6), and grades 11 and 12 (T7 and T8). Ninety percent of study students were relocated and data obtained from over 80 percent of them at T8. Program effects on experimental smoking observed in grades 7 and 8 had completely decayed by T8, six years after the beginning of the program. Grade 6 smoking experience and social risk were each strong predictors of T8 smoking behavior. Subjects who had left school were smoking at more than twice the rate of subjects still in high school (grade 12) at T8. We discuss implications of the results. PMID:2782505

Flay, B R; Koepke, D; Thomson, S J; Santi, S; Best, J A; Brown, K S

1989-01-01

456

Randomized Trial of a Gatekeeper Program for Suicide Prevention: 1Year Impact on Secondary School Staff  

Microsoft Academic Search

Gatekeeper-training programs, designed to increase identification and referral of suicidal individuals, are widespread but largely untested. A group-based randomized trial with 32 schools examined impact of Question, Persuade, Refer (QPR) training on a stratified random sample of 249 staff with 1-year average follow-up. To test QPR impact, the authors introduced and contrasted 2 models of gatekeeper-training effects in a population:

Peter A. Wyman; C. Hendricks Brown; Jeff Inman; Wendi Cross; Karen Schmeelk-Cone; Jing Guo; Juan B. Pena

2008-01-01

457

Leadership and change in schools: personal reflections over the last 30 years  

Microsoft Academic Search

The two fields of leadership studies and school change have increasingly converged over the last 30 years. This paper reviews\\u000a the origins of the intersection, and the development of research themes in three areas: The role of leaders in shaping and\\u000a using organizational culture, the agency of teachers in the change process, and the importance of leadership in knowledge\\u000a use. The

Karen R. Seashore

2009-01-01

458

Motivational climate and attitudes towards exercise in Greek senior high school: A year-long intervention  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was the application of a year-long intervention program, in typical Greek physical education school classes, which aimed to change motivational climate, goal orientations, motivation, and students' attitudes toward exercise and nutrition. Participants in the intervention program included 105 Grade-10 students, and 529 students of the same age took part as a control grou|pImmediately after the

Triantafylos Christodoulidis; Athanasios Papaioannou; Nikolaos Digelidis

2001-01-01

459

Mentoring Programs for First-Year Elementary School Counselors: An Exploratory Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract This exploratory study examined,the importance of a mentoring program,using a purposeful sample,of 16 first-year elementary school counselors. A qualitative analysis revealed the importance,of support that participants received from their mentors,and mentoring cohort group. Participants also indicated an increase in self-efficacyas a result of the mentoring program. Implications for counselor induction and preparation are discussed. Mentoring Programs ,,3 Mentoring Programs

Stephen A. Armstrong; Richard S. Balkin

460

First?year secondary school mathematics students’ conceptions of mathematical proofs and proving  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of this study is to investigate students’ conceptions about proof in mathematics and mathematics teaching. A five?point Likert?type questionnaire was administered in order to gather data. The sample of the study included 33 first?year secondary school mathematics students (at the same time student teachers). The data collected were analysed and interpreted using the methods of qualitative and quantitative

Savas Basturk

2010-01-01

461

"PCI Reading Program": The Final Report of a Three Year Experimental Study in Brevard Public Schools and Miami-Dade County Public Schools. Research Report  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

PCI Education conducted a three-year longitudinal study to determine the comparative effectiveness of the "PCI Reading Program" ("PCI") for students with severe disabilities as implemented in Florida's Brevard Public Schools and Miami-Dade County Public Schools. The primary question addressed by the study is whether students whose teachers have…

Toby, Megan; Jaciw, Andrew; Ma, Boya; Lipton, Akiko

2011-01-01

462

Identifying the Characteristics of Effective High Schools: Report from Year One of the National Center on Scaling up Effective Schools. Research Report  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The National Center on Scaling up Effective Schools (NCSU) is a five-year project working to develop, implement, and test new processes to scale up effective practices in high schools that districts will be able to apply within the context of their own unique goals and circumstances. This report describes the activities and findings of the first…

Rutledge, Stacey; Cohen-Vogel, Lora; Osborne-Lampkin, La'Tara

2012-01-01

463

Analysis of Math and Reading Achievement Scores of Students Attending Year-Round Calendar Schools and Traditional Calendar Schools in Tennessee  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to determine if there were a significant difference in math and reading academic achievement scores between eighth-grade students attending year-round calendar schools and eighth-grade students attending traditional calendar schools based on the TCAP. In addition, this study investigated math and reading achievement…

Abakwue, Chimaeze Ikechi

2011-01-01

464

High School Predictors of College Readiness: Determinants of High School Graduates' Enrollment and Successful Completion of First-Year Mathematics and English College Courses in Virginia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 2007, the Virginia Board of Education directed the Virginia Department of Education (VDOE) to study academic indicators that are associated with high school students' successful preparation for college and careers. VDOE then embarked on a multi-year effort to identify available data sources and conduct research on high school indicators that…

Jonas, Deborah; Dougherty, Chrys; Herrera, Angelica Ware; LaTurner, Jason; Garland, Marshall; Ware, Anne

2012-01-01

465

Assessing middle school students` understanding of science relationships and processes: Year 2 - instrument validation. Final report  

SciTech Connect

Our overall purpose for this multi-year project was to develop an alternative assessment format measuring rural middle school students understanding of science concepts and processes and the interrelationships among them. This kind of understanding is called structural knowledge. We had 3 major interrelated goals: (1) Synthesize the existing literature and critically evaluate the actual and potential use of measures of structural knowledge in science education. (2) Develop a structural knowledge alternative assessment format. (3) Examine the validity of our structural knowledge format. We accomplished the first two goals during year 1. The structural knowledge assessment we identified and developed further was a select-and-fill-in concept map format. The goal for our year 2 work was to begin to validate this assessment approach. This final report summarizes our year 2 work.

Schau, C.; Mattern, N.; Weber, R.; Minnick, K.

1997-01-01

466

Evaluation of the WebPlay Arts Education Program: Findings from the 2006-07 School Year. CRESST Report 759  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report presents results from the second year of CRESST's three-year evaluation of the WebPlay program. WebPlay is an online-enhanced arts education program for K-12 students. The evaluation occurred during the three-year implementation of the program in Grades 3 and 5 in California schools; this report focused on results from the second year

Griffin, Noelle; Kim, Jinok; So, Youngsoon; Hsu, Vivian

2009-01-01

467

The Thurgood Marshall School of Law Empirical Findings: A Report of the Bar Passing Percentages of Years 2005-2009  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The following report of descriptive statistics gives the passing percentages of the Bar examination for the Thurgood Marshall School of Law (TMSL) for the calendar years of 2005-2009. A Five Year Analysis is given for the entire period, followed by a Three Year Analysis of years 2005-2007, 2006-2008, and 2007-2009. In addition, an Annual Analysis…

Kadhi, T.; Holley, D.; Garrison, P.; Green, T.; Palasota, A.

2010-01-01

468

Medical school curricular reform: fourth-year colleges improve access to career mentoring and overall satisfaction.  

PubMed

Despite the trend toward curricular reform in the preclinical and core clerkship years, the fourth year of medical school is commonly unstructured, allowing students to take multiple "audition electives" in preparation for residency. Students struggle to identify mentors in their intended specialty in time to plan a well-rounded elective schedule and to prepare adequately for residency selection. The authors described the impact that an innovative fourth-year curriculum, the "College Program" at the David Geffen School of Medicine at the University of California-Los Angeles, which focuses on mentoring and required curricular components, has had on student perceptions of access to career mentors and overall satisfaction with the fourth-year experience. Pre- and postintervention cohorts participated in a 25-question telephone survey about their experience with mentors and overall satisfaction with their fourth year in 2001 and 2003. The Association of American Medical Colleges Graduation Questionnaire was analyzed as a secondary outcome measure, and responses were compared with those of national peers. Data were analyzed using two tailed t tests. Students in the intervention group reported a higher degree of satisfaction with accessibility to mentors and the impact they had on their educational experiences and careers than the preintervention cohort. Despite initial concerns that student freedom was going to be compromised, the students who participated in the College curriculum reported increased satisfaction with an intense foundations course, longitudinal experiences in the clinical setting, and scholarly projects during their senior year. Fourth-year students in the College Program were more likely to identify and develop better relationships with faculty mentors than their preintervention counterparts. They indicated excellent residency preparedness, and their overall impression of the fourth year was favorable. PMID:18667890

Coates, Wendy C; Crooks, Kimberly; Slavin, Stuart J; Guiton, Gretchen; Wilkerson, LuAnn

2008-08-01

469

Substance use outcomes 5˝ years past baseline for partnership-based, family-school preventive interventions  

PubMed Central

This article reports adolescent substance use outcomes of universal family and school preventive interventions 5˝ years past baseline. Participants were 1677 7th grade students from schools (N = 36) randomly assigned to the school-based Life Skills Training plus the Strengthening Families Program: For Parents and Youth 10–14 (LST + SFP 10–14), LST-alone, or a control condition. Self-reports were collected at baseline, 6 months later following the interventions, then yearly through the 12th grade. Measures included initiation—alcohol, cigarette, marijuana, and drunkenness, along with a Substance Initiation Index (SII)—and measures of more serious use—frequency of alcohol, cigarette, and marijuana use, drunkenness frequency, monthly poly-substance use, and advanced poly-substance use. Analyses ruled out differential attrition. For all substance initiation outcomes, one or both intervention groups showed significant, positive point-in-time differences at 12th grade and/or significant growth trajectory outcomes when compared with the control group. Although no main effects for the more serious substance use outcomes were observed, a higher-risk subsample demonstrated significant, positive 12th grade point-in-time and/or growth trajectory outcomes for one or both intervention groups on all measures. The observed pattern of results likely reflects a combination of predispositions of the higher-risk subsample, the timing of the interventions, and baseline differences between experimental conditions favoring the control group. PMID:18434045

Spoth, Richard L.; Randall, G. Kevin; Trudeau, Linda; Shin, Chungyeol; Redmond, Cleve

2008-01-01

470

Validity of self-reported lunch recalls in Swedish school children aged 6-8 years  

PubMed Central

Background Previous studies have suggested that young children are inaccurate reporters of dietary intake. The purpose of this study was to validate a single recall of the previous day’s school lunch reported by 6–8 year old Swedish children and to assess teacher-recorded intake of the same meal in a standardized food journal. An additional research question was whether parents could report their child’s intake of the previous day’s lunch. Subjects constituted a convenience sample from the large, multi-country study Identification and prevention of Dietary- and lifestyle-induced health EFfects In Children and infantS (IDEFICS). Validations of both children’s recalls and teachers’ records were made by comparing results with the duplicate plate reference method. Findings Twenty-five children (12 boys/13 girls) aged 6–8 years participated in the validation study at one school in western Sweden. Children were accurate self-reporters of their dietary intake at lunch, with no significant difference between reported and weighed intake (Mean difference (SD): 7(50) kcals, p=0.49). Teachers significantly over-reported intake (Mean difference (SD): 65(79) kcals, p=0.01). For both methods, child-reported and teacher-recorded, correlations with weighed intake were strong (Pearson’s correlations r=0.92, p<0.001 and r=0.83, p<0.001 respectively). Bland-Altman plots showed strong agreement between child-reported and weighed intakes but confirmed systematic differences between teacher-records and weighed intakes. Foods were recalled by children with a food-match rate of 90%. In all cases parents themselves were unable to report on quantities consumed and only four of 25 children had parents with knowledge regarding food items consumed. Conclusions Children 6–8 years of age accurately recalled their school lunch intake for one occasion while teachers recorded with less accuracy. Our findings suggest that children as young as six years of age may be better able to report on their dietary intake than previously suggested, at least for one main meal at school. Teacher-recorded intake provides a satisfactory estimate but with greater systematic deviation from the weighed intake. Parents were not able to report on their children’s school lunches consumed on the previous day. PMID:24047239

2013-01-01

471

Long-term impact of a chef on school lunch consumption: findings from a 2-year pilot study in Boston middle schools.  

PubMed

School cafeterias can play an important role in providing healthy meals. Although schools participating in the National School Lunch Program are required to meet minimum program standards, advocates recommend that innovations be sought to enhance menu dietary quality. This study evaluated the Chef Initiative, a 2-year pilot study in two Boston middle schools, designed to increase the availability and consumption of healthier school foods. Between 2007 and 2009, a professional chef trained cafeteria staff to prepare healthier school lunches (ie, more whole grains, fresh/frozen fruits and vegetables, and less sugar, salt, saturated fats, and trans fats). Meal nutrient compositions were monitored from 2007 to 2009, and a plate waste study conducted in the spring of 2009 compared food selection and consumption patterns among students at Chef Initiative schools, with students receiving standard school lunches at two matched control schools. Paired t tests and descriptive statistics were used to examine differences in menus and mixed-model analysis of variance was used to analyze differences in students' food selection and consumption between Chef Initiative and control schools. Overall, the Chef Initiative schools provided healthier lunches and the percent of foods consumed at Chef Initiative and control schools were similar (61.6% vs 57.3%; P=0.63). Of the areas targeted, there was greater whole-grain selection and vegetable consumption; 51% more students selected whole grains (P=0.02) and students consumed 0.36 more vegetable servings/day (P=0.01) at Chef Initiative schools. The potential of chefs collaborating with cafeteria staff to improve the availability, selection, and consumption of healthier meals is promising. PMID:22504283

Cohen, Juliana F W; Smit, Liesbeth A; Parker, Ellen; Austin, S Bryn; Frazier, A Lindsay; Economos, Christina D; Rimm, Eric B

2012-06-01

472

Life satisfaction and resilience in medical school – a six-year longitudinal, nationwide and comparative study  

PubMed Central

Background This study examined the relationship between life satisfaction among medical students and a basic model of personality, stress and coping. Previous studies have shown relatively high levels of distress, such as symptoms of depression and suicidal thoughts in medical undergraduates. However despite the increased focus on positive psychological health and well-being during the past decades, only a few studies have focused on life satisfaction and coping in medical students. This is the first longitudinal study which has identified predictors of sustained high levels of life satisfaction among medical students. Methods This longitudinal, nationwide questionnaire study examined the course of life satisfaction during medical school, compared the level of satisfaction of medical students with that of other university students, and identified resilience factors. T-tests were used to compare means of life satisfaction between and within the population groups. K-means cluster analyses were applied to identify subgroups among the medical students. Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) and logistic regression analyses were used to compare the subgroups. Results Life satisfaction decreased during medical school. Medical students were as satisfied as other students in the first year of study, but reported less satisfaction in their graduation year. Medical students who sustained high levels of life satisfaction perceived medical school as interfering less with their social and personal life, and were less likely to use emotion focused coping, such as wishful thinking, than their peers. Conclusion Medical schools should encourage students to spend adequate time on their social and personal lives and emphasise the importance of health-promoting coping strategies. PMID:16984638

Kjeldstadli, Kari; Tyssen, Reidar; Finset, Arnstein; Hem, Erlend; Gude, Tore; Gronvold, Nina T; Ekeberg, Oivind; Vaglum, Per

2006-01-01

473

Finnish parental involvement ethos, health support, health education knowledge and participation: results from a 2-year school health intervention.  

PubMed

A 2-year, participatory action research school health study focused on developing components for home-school partnerships to support children's health learning process. Two intervention schools implemented strengthened health and collaboration-orientated activities; two control schools followed the national core curriculum without extracurricular activities. The parents of fourth-grade pupils (10-11 years at baseline) completed questionnaires before intervention in spring 2008 (N = 348) and after intervention in spring 2010 (N = 358). A two-way analysis of variance was conducted to determine whether time (2008/2010) and group (intervention/control) influenced parents' perceptions and experiences of parental involvement, health education and health support received from the school. Compared with controls, the intervention schools' parents experienced greater involvement ethos (Cohen's d = 0.57, P < 0.001), increased knowledge of health education (Cohen's d = 0.60, P = 0.02) and health support (Cohen's d = 0.35, P = 0.02). Health education participation among parents increased only partially during the intervention (Cohen's d = -0.12, P = 0.193). School health interventions based on schools' needs may have the potential to influence positively the relationship between home and school and increase the visibility of health education. The study was undertaken within the Schools for Health in Europe program. PMID:23385382

Sormunen, Marjorita; Tossavainen, Kerttu; Turunen, Hannele

2013-04-01

474

A Three-Year Lesson Plan for Elementary and High School Library Centers for the Chicago Public Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Martin Luther King, Jr. Elementary School (Chicago, Illinois) is an urban open door public school serving a population with diverse economic, educational, and ethnic backgrounds. The school is committed to translating the philosophies of Dr. King into an educational environment that includes innovative instructional strategies tailored to the…

Hayes, Charles

475

The Best Years of Our Lives? Coping with Stress Predicts School Grades, Life Satisfaction, and Feelings about High School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines whether problem-focused, emotion-focused, and avoidant coping strategies predict key outcomes in a sample of 354 high school students. The four outcomes considered are: academic achievement, life satisfaction, positive feelings towards school, and negative feelings towards school. Results demonstrate that coping incrementally…

MacCann, Carolyn; Lipnevich, Anastasiya A.; Burrus, Jeremy; Roberts, Richard D.

2012-01-01

476

Penn State Dairy Science Wraps Up Great Year The Penn State Dairy Science Club completed another school year with the 87th  

E-print Network

Penn State Dairy Science Wraps Up Great Year The Penn State Dairy Science Club completed another school year with the 87th Penn State Dairy Exposition and the annual club awards banquet. On Saturday-two contestants showed in three different divisions based on dairy experience. Each participant chose a heifer

Kaye, Jason P.

477

Are two years better than one year? A propensity score analysis of the impact of Head Start program duration on children's school performance in kindergarten  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using data from a nationally representative sample, this study examined Head Start children's school outcome differences by the end of Kindergarten between children who attended Head Start program for two years and the ones who attended for one year. Propensity scores were used to match children who experienced different durations of the program on a series of demographic characteristics in

Xiaoli Wen; Christine Leow; Debbie L. Hahs-Vaughn; Jon Korfmacher; Sue M. Marcus

478

Are Two Years Better than One Year? A Propensity Score Analysis of the Impact of Head Start Program Duration on Children's School Performance in Kindergarten  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using data from a nationally representative sample, this study examined Head Start children's school outcome differences by the end of Kindergarten between children who attended Head Start program for two years and the ones who attended for one year. Propensity scores were used to match children who experienced different durations of the program…

Wen, Xiaoli; Leow, Christine; Hahs-Vaughn, Debbie L.; Korfmacher, Jon; Marcus, Sue M.

2012-01-01

479

BS/DMD Seven Year Combined Degree Program Application: 2012 Tufts University School of Dental Medicine offers a seven year combined degree  

E-print Network

BS/DMD Seven Year Combined Degree Program Application: 2012 Tufts University School of Dental Medicine offers a seven year combined degree program for undergraduates of Tufts University. Interested should anticipate completing courses during summer sessions in order to meet such deadlines. The Tufts

Dennett, Daniel

480

Sense from Senses. Study Guide. Unit J. ZIM-SCI, Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project. Year 2.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project (ZIM-SCI) developed student study guides, corresponding teaching guides, and science kits for a low-cost science course which could be taught during the first 2 years of secondary school without the aid of qualified teachers and conventional laboratories. This ZIM-SCI study guide presents activities…

Simango, Sam