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1

2002 -2003 CATALOG SCHOOL OF LAW  

E-print Network

2002 - 2003 CATALOG TEXAS TECH UNIVERSITY SCHOOL OF LAW BULLETIN OF #12;Contents A Message From the Dean ......... 3 Mission Statement....................... 4 Profile of the Law School ............ 6 The Law School .......................... 7 The University Community .......... 13 Programs of Study

Rock, Chris

2

Annual Report: Discipline, Crime, and Violence. School Year. 2002-2003.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Code of Virginia requires school divisions statewide to submit data annually to the Department of Education (DOE) on incidents of discipline, crime, and violence. These incidents shall include: (1) those that occurred on school property, on a school bus, or at a school-sponsored activity; and (2) offenses, wherever committed, by students…

Virginia State Department of Education, 2004

2004-01-01

3

Overweight and Obesity Among Hawai‘i Children Aged 4 to 5 Years Enrolled in Public Schools in 2007–2008 and Comparison with a Similar 2002–2003 Cohort  

PubMed Central

This assessment provides the most recent estimates of overweight and obesity among children 4 to 5 years old who were enrolled in public schools in the 2007–2008 school year, using data obtained from Student Health Records for 12,823 children, which represents 91% of the 14,070 children who were enrolled in kindergarten in 2007–2008. This assessment is a census of 4 to 5 year olds that entered public schools in Hawai‘i in 2007–2008 and represents approximately 38% of the total Hawai‘i population for those aged 4 to 5 years, since kindergarten is not a requirement. A limited data set with data on age, sex, height, and weight was used to calculate BMI (body mass index) percentiles. We compare this data with age and sex-specific BMI obtained from Student Health Records from 10,199 children aged 4 to 5 years entering public schools during 2002–2003. The results illustrate that like the 2002–2003 data (28.5%), over one in four (28.6%) of the children aged 4 to 5 years entering Hawai‘i public schools in 2007–2008 were either overweight or obese. Total proportions overweight and obese were persistently higher (32.5% or more in both 2002–2003 and 2007–2008) in some specific school complexes on O‘ahu as well as in some rural and Neighbor Island school complexes. Physicians, public health and school health professionals, advocates, schools, and communities should be vigilant about this persistent problem and seek to implement practices to combat overweight and obesity. In addition, the use of Student Health Records for on-going pediatric obesity surveillance should be explored more fully. PMID:23900736

Bradbury, Earl; Reyes-Salvail, Florentina; Kishaba, Gregg

2013-01-01

4

Overweight and obesity among Hawai'i children aged 4 to 5 years enrolled in public schools in 2007-2008 and comparison with a similar 2002-2003 cohort.  

PubMed

This assessment provides the most recent estimates of overweight and obesity among children 4 to 5 years old who were enrolled in public schools in the 2007-2008 school year, using data obtained from Student Health Records for 12,823 children, which represents 91% of the 14,070 children who were enrolled in kindergarten in 2007-2008. This assessment is a census of 4 to 5 year olds that entered public schools in Hawai'i in 2007-2008 and represents approximately 38% of the total Hawai'i population for those aged 4 to 5 years, since kindergarten is not a requirement. A limited data set with data on age, sex, height, and weight was used to calculate BMI (body mass index) percentiles. We compare this data with age and sex-specific BMI obtained from Student Health Records from 10,199 children aged 4 to 5 years entering public schools during 2002-2003. The results illustrate that like the 2002-2003 data (28.5%), over one in four (28.6%) of the children aged 4 to 5 years entering Hawai'i public schools in 2007-2008 were either overweight or obese. Total proportions overweight and obese were persistently higher (32.5% or more in both 2002-2003 and 2007-2008) in some specific school complexes on O'ahu as well as in some rural and Neighbor Island school complexes. Physicians, public health and school health professionals, advocates, schools, and communities should be vigilant about this persistent problem and seek to implement practices to combat overweight and obesity. In addition, the use of Student Health Records for on-going pediatric obesity surveillance should be explored more fully. PMID:23900736

Pobutsky, Ann; Bradbury, Earl; Reyes-Salvail, Florentina; Kishaba, Gregg

2013-07-01

5

School Mental Health Services in the United States, 2002-2003  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Recent research points to public schools as the major providers of mental health services for school-aged children. The current study, "School Mental Health Services in the United States, 2002-2003," provides the first national survey of mental health services in a representative sample of the approximately 83,000 public elementary, middle, and…

Foster, Susan; Rollefson, Mary; Doksum, Teresa; Noonan, Denise; Robinson, Gail; Teich, Judith

2005-01-01

6

1Georgia Southern University Fact Book 2002--2003 The 2002--2003 Fact Book chronicles Georgia Southern's past year, as well as some markers of  

E-print Network

1Georgia Southern University Fact Book 2002--2003 The 2002--2003 Fact Book chronicles Georgia. Subsequent Fact Books will chart our advancement toward the goals we have set in our Strategic Plan, which is included as an appendix. The Fact Book serves two important purposes: It provides a readily accessible

Hutcheon, James M.

7

Outlook 2002/2003 Secure POP Configuration Settings for PC For Harvard Medical School Local and Remote Usage  

E-print Network

follows the format of "FirstName_LastName@hms.harvard.edu". Step-by-Step Configuration Instructions Step 1 Accounts page· Click "Test Account Settings" to confirm setup !Then Click "Next" Step 7: Click FinishOutlook 2002/2003 Secure POP Configuration Settings for PC For Harvard Medical School Local

Blackwell, Keith

8

Overweight and at-risk for overweight among Hawai'i public school students entering kindergarten, 2002-2003.  

PubMed

Recent studies have pointed to an increasing problem of overweight and obesity in children in Hawai'i, but all of these studies have been conducted in specific communities or special population groups. No broad population-based studies have been conducted to document the extent of overweight in the general population of children in Hawai'i. To provide a population based estimate of overweight in Hawai'i's children, this study examined Student Health Records for 10, 199 children entering kindergarten in public schools during 2002-2003. Data on age, gender, height, and weight were used to calculate BMI (body mass index) scores. Because records for all students entering public school kindergarten were available for analysis, the data presented here represents the broadest estimates of overweight and at risk for overweight in Hawai'i's children published to date. The results illustrate that almost one-third of the children aged 4-6 years old entering Hawai'i public schools are either overweight or at risk for overweight. Rates are higher in rural school complexes than urban ones. Compared to a 1984 study that found 'no significant under or over nutrition' in Hawai'i's school children, our results suggest that almost one-third of children aged 4-6 entering Hawai'i public schools are either overweight or at risk for overweight. Physicians should be aware of this growing problem, and seek to implement practices to combat overweight among their pediatric patients and families. PMID:17194059

Pobutsky, Ann M; Hirokawa, Robert; Zou, Li; Huang, Tianzhu; Rosen, Linda; Wood, Betty

2006-10-01

9

The Socioeconomic Impact of HIV/AIDS on Education Outcomes in Uganda: School Enrolment and the Schooling Gap in 2002/2003  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Due to high prime-age mortality--a result of the HIV/AIDS scourge, the number of orphans in Uganda continues to rise. Using the 2002/2003 Uganda National Household Survey, this paper investigates how HIV/AIDS orphan status affects schooling enrolment and grade progression. Our results show that HIV/AIDS orphans are not significantly less likely to…

Kasirye, Ibrahim; Hisali, Eria

2010-01-01

10

Low Temperature Facility ANNUAL REPORT 2002-2003  

E-print Network

the use of liquid helium at various laboratories in the institute, the gas is recovered back for re-liquefactionLow Temperature Facility ANNUAL REPORT 2002-2003 1. School:- School of Natural Sciences. 2 the previous year. Record highest liquefaction of helium at 35,000 liters, which is about 30% more than

Shyamasundar, R.K.

11

Arrow Lakes Reservoir Fertilization Experiment; Years 4 and 5, Technical Report 2002-2003.  

SciTech Connect

This report presents the fourth and fifth year (2002 and 2003, respectively) of a five-year fertilization experiment on the Arrow Lakes Reservoir. The goal of the experiment was to increase kokanee populations impacted from hydroelectric development on the Arrow Lakes Reservoir. The impacts resulted in declining stocks of kokanee, a native land-locked sockeye salmon (Oncorhynchus nerka), a key species of the ecosystem. Arrow Lakes Reservoir, located in southeastern British Columbia, has undergone experimental fertilization since 1999. It is modeled after the successful Kootenay Lake fertilization experiment. The amount of fertilizer added in 2002 and 2003 was similar to the previous three years. Phosphorus loading from fertilizer was 52.8 metric tons and nitrogen loading from fertilizer was 268 metric tons. As in previous years, fertilizer additions occurred between the end of April and the beginning of September. Surface temperatures were generally warmer in 2003 than in 2002 in the Arrow Lakes Reservoir from May to September. Local tributary flows to Arrow Lakes Reservoir in 2002 and 2003 were generally less than average, however not as low as had occurred in 2001. Water chemistry parameters in select rivers and streams were similar to previous years results, except for dissolved inorganic nitrogen (DIN) concentrations which were significantly less in 2001, 2002 and 2003. The reduced snow pack in 2001 and 2003 would explain the lower concentrations of DIN. The natural load of DIN to the Arrow system ranged from 7200 tonnes in 1997 to 4500 tonnes in 2003; these results coincide with the decrease in DIN measurements from water samples taken in the reservoir during this period. Water chemistry parameters in the reservoir were similar to previous years of study except for a few exceptions. Seasonal averages of total phosphorus ranged from 2.11 to 7.42 {micro}g/L from 1997 through 2003 in the entire reservoir which were indicative of oligo-mesotrophic conditions. Dissolved inorganic nitrogen concentrations have decreased in 2002 and 2003 compared to previous years. These results indicate that the surface waters in Arrow Lakes Reservoir were approaching nitrogen limitation. Results from the 2003 discrete profile series indicate nitrate concentrations decreased significantly below 25 {micro}g/L (which is the concentration where nitrate is considered limiting to phytoplankton) between June and July at stations in Upper Arrow and Lower Arrow. Nitrogen to phosphorus ratios (weight:weight) were also low during these months indicating that the surface waters were nitrogen deficient. These results indicated that the nitrogen to phosphorus blends of fertilizer added to the reservoir need to be fine tuned and closely monitored on a weekly basis in future years of nutrient addition. Phytoplankton results shifted during 2002 and 2003 compared to previous years. During 2002, there was a co-dominance of potentially 'inedible' diatoms (Fragilaria spp. and Diatoma) and 'greens' (Ulothrix). Large diatom populations occurred in 2003 and these results indicate it may be necessary to alter the frequency and amounts of weekly loads of nitrogen and phosphorus in future years to prevent the growth of inedible diatoms. Zooplankton density in 2002 and 2003, as in previous years, indicated higher densities in Lower Arrow than in Upper Arrow. Copepods and other Cladocera (mainly tiny specimens such as Bosmina sp.) had distinct peaks, higher than in previous years, while Daphnia was not present in higher numbers particularly in Upper Arrow. This density shift in favor to smaller cladocerans was mirrored in a weak biomass increase. In Upper Arrow, total zooplankton biomass decreased from 1999 to 2002, and in 2003 increased slightly, while in Lower Arrow the biomass decreased from 2000-2002. In Lower Arrow the majority of biomass was comprised of Daphnia throughout the study period except in 2002, while in Upper Arrow the total biomass was comprised of copepods from 2000-2003.

Schindler, E.

2007-02-01

12

California State Library Statistics, 2004: Fiscal Year 2002-2003. From Public, Academic, Special and County Law Libraries  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Each year the State Library sends annual report forms to California's academic, public, special, state agency, and county law libraries. Statistical data from those reports are tabulated in this publication, with directory listings published in the companion volume, California Library Directory. For this fiscal year four hundred and thirty seven…

Bray, Ira, Ed.

2004-01-01

13

School of Mines 2002 2003  

E-print Network

, Director of Student Financial Aid Contents Academic Calendar .............................................4 Section 1­Welcome.............................................5 Mission and Goals..................................................5 The Academic Environment ...................................5 History of CSM

14

Ce que mon enfant apprend a l'ecole. Manuel a l'intention des parents, 2002-2003: Neuvieme annee. (What My Child Learns in School. Curriculum Handbook for Parents, 2002-2003: Grade 9.)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Noting that parents are vital partners in the educational system, this French-language handbook provides parents with information about the Grade 9 curriculum in Alberta, Canada. Based on the Alberta Learning "Program of Studies: Junior High Schools," the handbook describes the knowledge, skills, and attitudes students in Alberta are expected to…

Alberta Learning, Edmonton. Direction de l'education francaise.

15

Ce que mon enfant apprend a l'ecole. Manuel a l'intention des parents, 2002-2003: Deuxieme annee. (What My Child Learns in School. Curriculum Handbook for Parents, 2002-2003: Grade 2.)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Noting that parents are vital partners in the educational system, this French-language handbook provides parents with information about the Grade 2 curriculum in Alberta, Canada. Based on the Alberta Learning "Program of Studies: Elementary Schools," the handbook describes the knowledge, skills, and attitudes students in Alberta are expected to…

Alberta Learning, Edmonton. Direction de l'education francaise.

16

Ce que mon enfant apprend a l'ecole. Manuel a l'intention des parents, 2002-2003: Huitieme annee. (What My Child Learns in School. Curriculum Handbook for Parents, 2002-2003: Grade 8.)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Noting that parents are vital partners in the educational system, this French-language handbook provides parents with information about the Grade 8 curriculum in Alberta, Canada. Based on the Alberta Learning "Program of Studies: Junior High Schools," the handbook describes the knowledge, skills, and attitudes students in Alberta are expected to…

Alberta Learning, Edmonton. Direction de l'education francaise.

17

Ce que mon enfant apprend a l'ecole. Manuel a l'intention des parents, 2002-2003: Sixieme annee. (What My Child Learns in School. Curriculum Handbook for Parents, 2002-2003: Grade 6.)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Noting that parents are vital partners in the educational system, this French-language handbook provides parents with information about the Grade 6 curriculum in Alberta, Canada. Based on the Alberta Learning "Program of Studies: Elementary Schools," the handbook describes the knowledge, skills, and attitudes students in Alberta are expected to…

Alberta Learning, Edmonton. Direction de l'education francaise.

18

Ce que mon enfant apprend a l'ecole. Manuel a l'intention des parents, 2002-2003: Septieme annee. (What My Child Learns in School. Curriculum Handbook for Parents, 2002-2003: Grade 7.)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Noting that parents are vital partners in the educational system, this French-language handbook provides parents with information about the Grade 7 curriculum in Alberta, Canada. Based on the Alberta Learning "Program of Studies: Junior High Schools," the handbook describes the knowledge, skills, and attitudes students in Alberta are expected to…

Alberta Learning, Edmonton. Direction de l'education francaise.

19

Ce que mon enfant apprend l'ecole. Manuel a l'intention des parents, 2002-2003: Premier annee. (What My Child Learns in School. Curriculum Handbook for Parents, 2002-2003: Grade 1.)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Noting that parents are vital partners in the educational system, this French-language handbook provides parents with information about the Grade 1 curriculum in Alberta, Canada. Based on the Alberta Learning "Program of Studies: Elementary Schools," the handbook describes the knowledge, skills, and attitudes students in Alberta are expected to…

Alberta Learning, Edmonton. Direction de l'education francaise.

20

Ce que mon enfant apprend a l'ecole. Manuel a l'intention des parents, 2002-2003: Cinquieme annee. (What My Child Learns in School. Curriculum Handbook for Parents, 2002-2003: Grade 5.)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Noting that parents are vital partners in the educational system, this French-language handbook provides parents with information about the Grade 5 curriculum in Alberta, Canada. Based on the Alberta Learning "Program of Studies: Elementary Schools," the handbook describes the knowledge, skills, and attitudes students in Alberta are expected to…

Alberta Learning, Edmonton. Direction de l'education francaise.

21

Ce que mon enfant apprend l'ecole. Manuel a l'intention des parents, 2002-2003: Troisieme annee. (What My Child Learns in School. Curriculum Handbook for Parents, 2002-2003: Grade 3.)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Noting that parents are vital partners in the educational system, this French-language handbook provides parents with information about the Grade 3 curriculum in Alberta, Canada. Based on the Alberta Learning "Program of Studies: Elementary Schools," the handbook describes the knowledge, skills, and attitudes students in Alberta are expected to…

Alberta Learning, Edmonton. Direction de l'education francaise.

22

Ce que mon enfant apprend l'ecole. Manuel a l'intention des parents, 2002-2003: Quatrieme annee. (What My Child Learns in School. Curriculum Handbook for Parents, 2002-2003: Grade 4.)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Noting that parents are vital partners in the educational system, this French-language handbook provides parents with information about the Grade 4 curriculum in Alberta, Canada. Based on the Alberta Learning "Program of Studies: Elementary Schools," the handbook describes the knowledge, skills, and attitudes students in Alberta are expected to…

Alberta Learning, Edmonton. Direction de l'education francaise.

23

Your Renewal FAFSA: Free Application for Federal Student Aid, 2003-2004 School Year.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This form is used to renew an application for federal and state grants, work study, and loans. The renewal version contains preprinted information that the student reported for the 2002-2003 school year. As a result, it is faster and easier for the student to use than the Free Application for Federal Student Aid (FAFSA). The form contains…

Office of Federal Student Aid (ED), Washington, DC.

24

A Multidimensional Investigation of Named Professorships in Accounting: 2002-2003  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the 2002-2003 academic year, there were 526 accounting faculty members in the United States who held the title of named chair, distinguished professor, or fellow at their universities. In this study, the authors relied on J. R. Hasselback's "Accounting Faculty Directory 2002-2003" as the primary source for determining (a) personal profiles of…

Meier, Heidi Hylton; Kamath, Ravindra

2005-01-01

25

Northwest Education, 2002-2003.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document contains the four issues of Northwest Education published during the 2002-03 school year. Issue themes are: (1) "Closing the Gap: How Northwest Schools Are Raising Minority Achievement"; (2) "Focus on Writing"; (3) "The Hidden Disability: When Bright Children Struggle To Learn"; and (4) "Discoveries in Learning: Lessons from Lewis &…

Sherman, Lee, Ed.; Boss, Suzie, Ed.; Weeks, Denise Jarrett, Ed.

2003-01-01

26

AGU 2002-2003 Congressional Science Fellow  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Illa Amerson, a Ph.D. candidate at the Oregon Health & Science University in Beaverton, was selected as AGU's 26th Congressional Science Fellow for 2002-2003. Starting in September, Amerson will serve a one-year assignment in the office of a senator or representative, or on a committee's staff as one of only a handful of scientists on Capitol Hill in Washington, D.C. Once in an office, Amerson can expect to work as a regular member of the staff, serving as a legislative assistant. Her duties could include advising her boss how to vote on specific bills, writing speeches or press releases, crafting legislation, meeting with lobbyists and special interest groups, and even answering constituent mail.Amerson expects to receive her Ph.D. in environmental science and engineering this summer. Her dissertation focuses on the environmental impact of the gasoline additive methyl tert-butyl ether (MTBE). She completed a M.S. in civil and environmental engineering at Arizona State University and a S.B. in chemical engineering at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology Amerson has also spent three years working in environmental regulation and consulting, dealing primarily with air and water quality issues.

27

Institutional Outcomes Report, 2002-2003.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document presents the institutional outcomes for 2002-2003 for William Rainey Harper College. The document begins with the Presidents Introduction, which includes a list of accomplishments of the college. Some of these success are: (1) 90% retention rates for students involved in retention services and programs; (2) achieving a hiring…

William Rainey Harper Coll., Palatine, IL. Office of Planning and Research.

28

Texas Almanac Teacher's Guide, 2002-2003.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This interdisciplinary guide utilizes the subject matter in the 2002-2003 "Texas Almanac" to help classroom educators teach students in grades three to eight about the social, economic, cultural, and historical background of Texas. The guide has questions, puzzles, and activities that teachers can use to inform their students about the Lone Star…

Barringer, Betty; Ferguson, Sharon; Haynes, Beverly; Jacobs, Margaret; Jameson, Eugenia E.; Massey, Linda; Moran, Rebecca; Wilson, Ann

29

MEA Technical Manual, 2002-2003.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this technical manual is to document the technical aspects of the 2002-2003 Maine Educational Assessment (MEA). In the fall of 2002, students in grades 4, 8, and 11 participated in the administration of the MEA in writing, reading, and health education. In the spring of 2003, students in grades 4, 8, and 11 were administered tests…

Maine Department of Education, 2004

2004-01-01

30

Borges, 2002-2003 University of Wisconsin Agronomy  

E-print Network

Borges, © 2002-2003 University of Wisconsin ­ Agronomy This presentation is available at http://soybean.agronomy.wisc.edu #12;Borges, © 2002-2003 University of Wisconsin ­ Agronomy This presentation is available at http://soybean.agronomy IS A COMPLEX SERIES OF INTERACTIONS #12;Borges, © 2002-2003 University of Wisconsin ­ Agronomy

Balser, Teri C.

31

American Library Directory[TM], 2002-2003. Vol. 1: Libraries in the United States [and] Vol. 2: Libraries in Canada, Library Networks, Consortia & Schools, Organization Index, Personnel Index. 55th Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The "American Library Directory[TM] 2002-2003," in two volumes, provides access to comparative data, additional resources, and sales prospects for the United States and Canadian library communities. Containing full profiles on public, academic, government, and special libraries, the totally updated 55th edition is organized by state and city. Each…

2002

32

Faculty and Staff (cont.): External Grants Received in 2002-2003  

E-print Network

Faculty and Staff (cont.): External Grants Received in 2002-2003: Allan Donsig, Wendy Hines, Jim Lewis & Laurie Bellows, Graduate Assistantships in Areas of National Need (GAANN) Faculty and Staff Members Serving for 0 (mod 5) years: Susan Hermiller 5 years Wendy Hines 10 years Jerry Johnson 35

Logan, David

33

Organizational, financial and demographic characteristics of charter schools in Texas and their relationship to school performance  

E-print Network

Page 1 Charter Student Demographic Data: 2001-2002?????????????.. 11 2 Percentage of Minority Teachers Employed by Charter Schools vs. State???.. 12 3 Charter School Funding??????????????????????? 14 4 Percent of Charter... Characteristics 1996-2002????????????. 13 3 State?s Testing and Accountability Systems???????????????. 20 4 Measures of Central Tendency and Dispersion for Texas Charter Schools 2002-2003 School Year??????????????????????? 31 5...

D'Lorm, Raul

2007-04-25

34

Ce que mon enfant apprend a l'ecole. Manuel a l'intention des parents, 2002-2003: 10e, 11e, 12e annees. (What My Child Learns in School. Curriculum Handbook for Parents, 2002-2003: Grades 10, 11, and 12.)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Noting that high school students are faced with decisions that will determine future opportunities and endeavors, this French-language handbook provides parents with information about the high school curriculum in Alberta, Canada. Based on the Alberta Learning "Program of Studies: Senior High School," the handbook describes the knowledge, skills,…

Alberta Learning, Edmonton. Direction de l'education francaise.

35

High Expense: Disability Severity and Charter School Attendance in Arizona  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Much of the literature related to the skimming or cropping of students by charter schools has ignored special education students. This article examines the relationship between the severity of student disabilities and their likelihood of having attended an Arizona charter school in the 2002-2003 school year. After adjusting for student traits,…

Garcy, Anthony M.

2011-01-01

36

Annual Report Graduate School  

E-print Network

Annual Report of the Graduate School 2002­2003 TheGraduateSchool Graduate School Caldwell Hall Ithaca, NY 14853-2602 USA #12;Annual Report of the Graduate School Cornell University 2002-2003 Produced-action educator and employer #12;#12;Annual Report of the Graduate School, Cornell University, 2002-2003 · iii

Keinan, Alon

37

Year-Round School Research.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report describes the use of a model to compare the costs of two alternatives: initiation of a K-5, 45-15 year-round school, or the construction of an elementary school building in the Annville-Cleona, Pennsylvania, school district. The results of the analysis indicated that the initiation of a 45-15 year round plan would save the district…

Geisinger, Robert W.; Coleman, Alvin F.

38

Practical Assessment, Research and Evaluation, 2002-2003.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document consists of the first 10 articles of volume 8 of the electronic journal "Practical Assessment, Research & Evaluation" published in 2002-2003: (1) "Using Electronic Surveys: Advice from Survey Professionals" (David M. Shannon, Todd E. Johnson, Shelby Searcy, and Alan Lott); (2) "Four Assumptions of Multiple Regression That Researchers…

Rudner, Lawrence M., Ed.; Schaefer, William D., Ed.

2000-01-01

39

Trends in Diabetes and Cardiometabolic Conditions in a Canadian First Nation Community, 2002–2003 to 2011–2012  

PubMed Central

Introduction The burden of diabetes and cardiovascular disease among the Canadian First Nation population is disproportionately high compared with the general Canadian population. Continuous monitoring of the diabetes epidemic among the Canadian First Nations population is necessary to inform public health practice. The purpose of the study was to compare the prevalence of diabetes and cardiometabolic conditions in a Manitoba First Nation between 2 periods. Methods Study data were from 2 diabetes screening studies in Sandy Bay Ojibway First Nation in Manitoba, collected in 2002–2003 and 2011–2012. All adults aged 18 years or older were invited to participate in both studies. Crude and sex- and age-standardized prevalence of diabetes and cardiometabolic conditions for each period were estimated and compared with each other by using ?2 tests. Results Sex- and age-standardized prevalence of diabetes was estimated at 39.4% (95% confidence interval [CI], 35.1–43.8) in 2002–2003 and was not significantly different (P = .99) in 2011–2012. Sex- and age-standardized obesity prevalence was significantly lower in 2011–2012, at 48.7% (95% CI, 44.6–52.7), compared with 60.8% (95% CI, 56.4–65.2) in 2002–2003 (P < .001). However, this finding was accounted for by a lower prevalence of obesity among men aged 40 to 49 and aged 50 years or older in 2011–2012 compared with 2002–2003. Sex- and age-standardized prevalence of hypertension (P = .97), abdominal obesity (P = .26), dyslipidemia (P = .73), and metabolic syndrome (P = .67) were not significantly different between periods. Significantly higher crude prevalence of obesity, abdominal obesity, dyslipidemia, and metabolic syndrome among women compared with men persisted from 2002–2003 to 2011–2012. Conclusion The diabetes epidemic remains a serious problem in this First Nation community. The gap in cardiometabolic burden between men and women has also persisted. PMID:25393746

Riediger, Natalie D.; Lix, Lisa M.; Lukianchuk, Virginia

2014-01-01

40

Results of a Two-Year Longitudinal Study of Beverage-Specific Alcohol Use among Adolescents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study explored beverage-specific alcohol consumption patterns among a sample of high school students over a two-year period. Four hundred fifty-five students completed the validated questionnaire at all three time points (2002, 2003, 2004). Variables of interest included five use measures (past year use, 30-day frequency, quantity, heavy use,…

Moore, Michele Johnson; Werch, Chudley

2007-01-01

41

A Modified School Year: Perspectives from the Early Years  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A balanced or modified school year is a rearrangement of the traditional school calendar to provide more continuous learning throughout the school year. Students receive the same amount of instructional time as those on the traditional calendar but in-school time is more evenly balanced with out-of-school time throughout the year. It has been the…

Winter, Eileen C.

2005-01-01

42

1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 NASA -LSP Managed ELV Launch History (1998 -2013)  

E-print Network

1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 NASA - LSP Managed depiction of launch vehicles are not an exact and are for representation purposes only NASA LSP LV Launch within the LSP BOA.) Tiffany Nail / KSC 2/11/13 #12;LSP Launch History (1998 - 2013) Year Date Payload LV

43

Preparing for a New School Year  

MedlinePLUS

... School Year Ages & Stages Listen Preparing for a New School Year Article Body The start of each ... friends again, they might be apprehensive about a new teacher and, in some cases, a new school. ...

44

UniversityofRegina Calendar Year: 2002/2003  

E-print Network

Planning Enclosure Students with an academic objective of Journalism are generally admitted to a B Drama 1000 - Introduction to Dramatic Arts Music 1000 - Introduction to Music One of: Linguistics 2300 the pre-Journalism requirements, students must: 1. Achieve a cumulative GPA of 3.00 (B); 2. Pass

Seldin, Jonathan P.

45

Life's Little Corn Problems v111702 (c) 2002-2003, RLNielsen, Purdue Univ. 1  

E-print Network

Life's Little Corn Problems v111702 (c) 2002-2003, RLNielsen, Purdue Univ. 1 v111702 (c) 2002 -2003, RLNielsen, Purdue Univ. 1 Life's Little Corn Problems: Tips on Crop Diagnostics Bob Nielsen Purdue symptoms n Herbicide label restrictions, esp. relative to crop growth stage #12;Life's Little Corn Problems

Jackson, Scott A.

46

Grey seal distribution and abundance in North Wales, 2002-2003  

E-print Network

i Grey seal distribution and abundance in North Wales, 2002-2003 Westcott, S.M. & Stringell, T.B. Stringell Title: "Grey seal distribution and abundance in North Wales, 2002-2003" Authors: Westcott, S, Marine Env Monitoring x1 Ivor Rees, Uni. Wales, Bangor x1 Peter Hope Jones x1 David Mawer, IoS Wildlife

Bearhop, Stuart

47

Year-Round versus Traditional Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document serves as a literature review for the practicality and cost effectiveness of traditional versus year-round school systems. The differences in year-round and traditional schools are many, as the debate lingers on which type is best for students' learning. Generally conclusive, the literature indicates that year-round schools' benefits…

Lyttle, LeighAnne

2011-01-01

48

Transition to High School: School "Choice" & Freshman Year in Philadelphia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The School District of Philadelphia's tiered system of selective, nonselective, and charter high schools, and the process for high school choice, has created real variation in the degree to which high schools can successfully meet the needs of ninth graders. Research has shown that the ninth grade year is critical in determining a student's…

Gold, Eva; Evans, Shani Adia; Haxton, Clarisse; Maluk, Holly; Mitchell, Cecily; Simon, Elaine; Good, Deborah

2010-01-01

49

The Extended School Year Program. Parents' Perceptions.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Extended School Year Program of the Detroit Public Schools (Michigan) is designed to demonstrate that lengthening the school year will produce corresponding changes in student achievement as measured by the Michigan Educational Assessment Program and the Metropolitan Achievement Test. In 1996-97 it was funded by Title I and funds from the…

Johnson, Charmaine

50

Australian dust storms in 2002-2003 and their impact on Southern Ocean biogeochemistry  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

During late 2002 and early 2003, southern Australia was in the grip of drought and experienced one of its most active dust storm seasons in the last 40 years with large dust plumes frequently advected over the adjacent Southern Ocean. We use meteorological records of dust activity, satellite ocean color, and aerosol optical depth data and dust transport modeling to investigate the transport and deposition of mineral dust from Australia over adjacent ocean regions and to correlate it with biological response in phytoplankton standing stock as measured by chlorophyll a concentration in 5 degree latitude bands from 40° to 60°S. Seasonal maxima in mean surface chlorophyll a of ˜0.5 mg m-3 were not achieved until late January 2003 or during February in the more southerly bands, which when compared with a 9 year satellite mean climatology suggests the phenology of the bloom in 2002-2003 was atypical. Contemporaneous field data on CO2 fugacity collected on transects between Tasmania and Antarctica show that significant atmospheric CO2 drawdown occurred as far south as 60°S during February 2003. Our results provide strong evidence for a large-scale natural dust fertilization event in the Australian sector of the Southern Ocean and highlight the importance of dust-derived nutrients in the marine carbon cycle of the Southern Ocean.

Gabric, A. J.; Cropp, R. A.; McTainsh, G. H.; Johnston, B. M.; Butler, H.; Tilbrook, B.; Keywood, M.

2010-06-01

51

Relationship between Attitude towards Technical Education and Academic Achievement in Mathematics and Science of the First and Second Year High School Students, Caritas Don Bosco School, SY 2002-2003  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: This study made use of the "Model of Academic Choice" by Meece et al. (1982). It is a general model of academic choice, expectation and value of attitude leading to achievement. The model links achievement with constructs of expectation of success on a task and the subjective value of the task influencing the attitude of students.…

Magno, Carlo

2003-01-01

52

The Child Indicator: The Child, Youth, and Family Indicators Newsletter, 2002-2003.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document consists of the 2002-2003 issues of a quarterly newsletter intended to communicate the major developments within each sector of the child and youth indicators field. The newsletters feature regular sections on the community, state, and national scenes, and include sections of resources and data. The Summer 2002 issue includes…

Brown, Brett, Ed.; Smith, Berkeley, Ed.

2003-01-01

53

Ecological Studies of Wolves on Isle Royale Annual Report 2002-2003*  

E-print Network

#12;#12;Ecological Studies of Wolves on Isle Royale Annual Report 2002-2003* by Rolf O. Peterson research on Isle Royale wolves and moose can be sent toWolf-Moose Study, Michigan Tech Fund/equal opportunity employer. 5/03 #12;2 Ecological Studies of Wolves on Isle Royale In summer 2002, Rolf Peterson

54

YUL Annual Report 2002/2003 Page 1 of 14 York University Libraries  

E-print Network

___________________________ YUL Annual Report 2002/2003 Page 1 of 14 York University Libraries on planning ­ creating an academic plan, planning library renovations, developing plans to shift collections. Significant funds have been targeted towards providing more library space where more students can study

55

Kursplan fr lsret 2002/2003 INTRODUKTION TILL BRAND OCH RISK VBR161  

E-print Network

Kursplan för läsåret 2002/2003 INTRODUKTION TILL BRAND OCH RISK VBR161 Introduction to Fire: Univ lektor Robert Jönsson, robert.jonsson@brand.lth.se. Prestationsbedömning: Examination sker med tre, laborationer samt på förevisningsdagen på Revinge. Webbsida: http://www.brand.lth.se/utbild/index.htm. �vrigt

56

Fifteenmile Creek Riparian Buffers Project, Annual Report 2002-2003.  

SciTech Connect

This project implements riparian buffer systems in the Mid-Columbia, addressing limiting factors identified in the Fifteenmile Subbasin Summary, June 30, 2000. The project is providing the technical planning support needed to implement at least 36 riparian buffer system contracts on approximately 872 acres covering an estimated 40 miles of anadromous fish streams over a three year period. During this second year of the project, 11 buffer contracts were implemented on 10.9 miles of stream. Buffer widths averaged 132 ft. on each side of the stream. Implementation included prescribed plantings, fencing, and related practices. Actual implementation costs, lease payments, and maintenance costs are borne by existing USDA programs: Conservation Reserve and Conservation Reserve Enhancement Programs. The lease period of each contract may vary between 10 to 15 years. During this year the average was 14.6 years. The total value of contracts established this year is $666,121 compared with $71,115 in Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) contract costs to provide the technical support needed to get the contracts implemented. This project provides technical staffing to conduct assessments and develop plans to help keep pace with the growing backlog of potential riparian buffer projects. Word of mouth from satisfied customers has brought in many new sign-ups during the year. In addition, specific outreach efforts targeting the orchard areas of the county began to bear fruit with orchardists sign-ups as the project year ended. Progress this second year of project includes only work accomplished in the Fifteenmile subbasin. A similar but separate effort to implement buffers in the Columbia Plateau Province was initiated during the year under project number 2002-019-00. This project supports RPA 150 and 153 as required under the Federal Hydropower System biological opinion.

Graves, Ron

2004-02-01

57

The School Year that Changed a Nation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

On September 4, 1957, 16-year-old Minnijean Brown headed off to her new school, Central High in Little Rock, Ark. She and eight other black youths were slated to become the first African Americans to attend all-white Central High. When they arrived that morning, the "Little Rock Nine," as they would become known, were greeted, not by teachers or…

Teaching Tolerance, 2007

2007-01-01

58

The Business Schools: 50 Years on  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: This paper aims to offer a critique of the development of university business schools over the last 50 years and provide a perspective on the occasion of the 50th anniversary of the publication of the journal Education + Training. Design/methodology/approach: The approach is critical and reflexive, reviewing the historical growth of…

Clarke, Thomas

2008-01-01

59

Super Start-the-School-Year Ideas.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents interactive activities and games designed to help teachers get to know new students quickly and help the students become comfortable with each other and their surroundings as the school year starts. The article addresses how to explore the new environment, handle concerns and conflicts, and work in cooperative groups. (SM)

Goldish, Meish

1991-01-01

60

Years and Intensity of Schooling Investment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Calculates human capital earnings functions over 20 years for 822 men (the Terman sample) and argues that the percentage of gross earnings invested in education may fall below 100 percent well before school ends. (Available from the Secretary's Office, American Economic Association, 1313 21st Ave., South, Nashville, Tennessee 37212) (Author/JG)

Leibowitz, Arleen

1976-01-01

61

The Impact of Length of the School Year on Student Performance and Earnings: Evidence from the German Short School Year  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper investigates how changing the length of the school year, leaving the basic curriculum unchanged, affects learning and subsequent earnings. I use variation introduced by the West-German short school years in 1966-67, which exposed some students to a total of about two thirds of a year less of schooling while enrolled. I show that the short school years led

Jorn-Steffen Pischke

2003-01-01

62

The Impact of Length of the School Year on Student Performance and Earnings: Evidence from the German Short School Years  

Microsoft Academic Search

This Paper investigates how changing the length of school year, leaving the basic curriculum unchanged, affects learning and subsequent earnings. I use variation introduced by the West German short school years in 1966-7, which exposed some students to a total of about two thirds of a year less of schooling while enrolled. I show that the short school years led

Jörn-Steffen Pischke

2003-01-01

63

The Impact of Length of the School Year on Student Performance and Earnings: Evidence from the German Short School Years  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper investigates how changing the length of school year, leaving the basic curriculum unchanged, affects learning and subsequent earnings. I use variation introduced by the West-German short school years in 1966-67, which exposed some students to a total of about two thirds of a year less of schooling while enrolled. I show that the short school years led indeed

Jörn-Steffen Pischke

2003-01-01

64

Santa Fe Community College Fact Book, 2002-2003.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This fact book offers information on Santa Fe Community College (SFCC) (Florida) for fiscal year 2001-2002. SFCC had a total enrollment of 21,932 in 2001-02. Degrees and certificates awarded in that year totaled 2,593. The total faculty was 563, with 264 full-time and 299 adjunct instructors. The college has an annual operating budget of over $50…

Santa Fe Community Coll., Gainesville, FL. Office of Institutional Research and Planning.

65

Annual Report Graduate School  

E-print Network

Annual Report of the Graduate School 2002­2003 TheGraduateSchool #12;Annual Report of the Graduate Smyhe #12;#12;Annual Report of the Graduate School, Cornell University, 2002-2003 · iii CONTENTS................................................................................................................. vii ANALYSIS OF ANNUAL #12;iv · Annual Report of the Graduate School, Cornell University, 2002

Keinan, Alon

66

Montana School Fall Enrollment by Race/Ethnicity, 2003-04 School Year  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report discusses school fall Enrollment of Montana based on race/ethnicity for the 2003-2004 school year. Sections include: (1) Montana School Fall Enrollment by Race/Ethnicity Overview; and (2) Montana School Fall Enrollment by Race/Ethnicity-2003-04 School Year. Fall enrollment data are collected by school, grade, gender, and race/ethnicity…

McCulloch, Linda

2004-01-01

67

2002-2003 Engineering Accomplishments: Unconventional Nuclear Weapons Detection  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Defense Threat Reduction Agency, DTRA, is a federal agency charged with safeguarding the nation from weapons of mass destruction, in particular nuclear weapons such as crude devices, and radiological dispersal devices (RDD), also known as dirty bombs. Both of which could be delivered using unconventional means such as by transporting them by a car or boat. Two years ago

J E Hernandez; J Valentine

2004-01-01

68

Gilliam County Riparian Buffers; 2002-2003 Annual Report.  

SciTech Connect

There are only two problems that have been encountered during the contract year. The first problem has to do with eligibility. To be eligible for CREP you must own land adjacent to stream that has been delineated an anadromous fish stream. The problem is there are areas in Gilliam County that are designated anadromous fish streams that probably don't deserve that delineation and then there are streams that are not listed that probably do deserve that delineation. This has affected a few proposed projects. For instance, there is a project area on a stream that is delineated on the eligibility map, but the particular reach we are working with does not show up on the map. ODFW then receives an eligibility sheet from FSA or the SWCD technician. On this particular area it says steelhead distribution is downstream .5 miles. FSA won't consider this area eligible for CREP, thus the landowner must enroll in CCRP, which doesn't quite have the incentives as CREP. We are working to improve the maps. A meeting has been scheduled to discuss some particular areas and possibly re-draw the eligibility map. The other problem has to do with the amount of cost share for off-stream watering facilities. Many landowners who wish to install spring developments and other off-stream watering facilities run into a problem with cost-share limits within the CREP guidelines. When a landowner wants to enroll all of his/her stream and exclude livestock from the creek entirely they are having to pay some out of pocket expenses to get enough water to sufficiently support their livestock without using the creek. There has been one landowner who decided not to enroll because of this technicality. The problems encountered are problems that occur within the parameters of the program. These problems may or may not be changed. Otherwise, interest in the programs has been excellent and will only get better. The number of contracts that were estimated to be negotiated in the three-year term may be a bit excessive. In counties such as Gilliam, most tracts of land are large parcels. If multiple project areas occur in the same tract then you have one contract per tract. This reduces your total number in a lot of cases. In year 1 there were 6 contracts negotiated and approved in the CREP program. Prior to the contract there were a total of 9. The program started in 1998. The numbers will only increase in year 2. Year two should be a drastic improvement over year one. There has already been several projects proposed that may or may not be approved during year 2. There are 367.4 acres of land that has been proposed in either CREP or CCRP, which would include 30.94 miles of stream buffered on both sides.

Coiner, Josh (Gilliam Soil and Water Conservation District, Condon, OR)

2003-05-01

69

Pacific Symposium on Biocomputing 2002/2003/2004  

SciTech Connect

Brief introduction to Pacific Symposium on Biocomputing The Pacific Symposium on Biocomputing is an international, multidisciplinary conference covering current research in the theory and the application of computational methods in problems of biological significance. Researchers from the United States, the Asian Pacific nations and around the world gather each year at PSB to exchange research results and discuss open issues in all aspects of computational biology. PSB provides a forum for work on databases, algorithms, interfaces, visualization, modeling and other computational methods, as applied to biological problems. The data-rich areas of molecular biology are emphasized. PSB is the only meeting in the bioinformatics field with sessions defined dynamically each year in response to specific proposals from the participants. Sessions are organized by leaders in emerging areas to provide forums for publication and for discussion of research in biocomputing ''hot topics''. PSB therefore enables discussion of emerging methods and approaches in this rapidly changing field. PSB has been designated as one of the major meetings in this field by the recently established International Society for Computational Biology (see www.iscb.org). Papers and presentations are peer reviewed typically with 3 reviews per paper plus editorial oversight from the conference organizers. The accepted papers are published in an archival proceedings volume, which is indexed by PubMed, and electronically (see http://psb.stanford.edu/). Finally, given the tight schedule from submission of papers to their publication, typically 5 to 5 1/2 months, the PSB proceedings each year represents one of the most up-to-date surveys of current trends in bioinformatics.

A.Keith Dunker

2004-10-26

70

Department of Education Annual Plan 2002-2003  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Building on President Bush's earlier "No Child Left Behind" educational prospectus for the United States, this 148-page report explicates the Department of Education's 6-point plan for the upcoming years. The six points discussed in detail throughout the body of the report include improving student achievement, creating a culture of achievement, and enhancing the quality of access to postsecondary and adult education, among others. Throughout the report, specific nationwide objectives are discussed in detail, along with timelines detailing when these objectives might ideally be reached. The last fifty pages of the report are devoted to appendices dealing with opportunities to collaborate with different federal agencies and the equally thorny question of data quality.

2002-01-01

71

Wheeler County Riparian Buffers; 2002-2003 Annual Report.  

SciTech Connect

Problems Encountered During Contract Year--Wheeler County residents are mostly non participants when it comes to Farm Services programs. Results of the counties non participation is the rental rates are the lowest in the state. There is a government fear factor as well as an obvious distance limitation. The FSA office is nearly 150 mile roundtrip from two of the counties urban areas. I find myself not only selling the CREP-Riparian Buffer but also selling Farm Services in general. Training has been very limited. NRCS is obviously not designed around training and certification. They are an on-the-job training organization. It has caused a hesitation in my outreach program and a great deal of frustration. I feel my confidence will strengthen with the follow through of the current projects. The most evident problem has come to light as of late. The program is too expensive to implement. The planting is too intensive for a 12''-18'' rainfall area. I provide the potential landowner a spread sheet with the bonuses, the costs, and the final outcome. No matter the situation, CREP or CCRP, the landowner always balks at the cost. The program assumes the landowner has the capital to make the initial investment. For example, project No.2 is going to be a minimum width buffer. It is approximately 3,000 ft long and 5.5 acres. The buffer for tree planting and fencing alone will result in a cost of nearly $13,000. With the water developments it nears $23,000. That is nearly 10% of a 250 mother-cow operating budget. Project No.1, the tree planting estimate is $45,000. This alone is nearly 25% of the same type of budget. I would greatly appreciate any help in finding a third party willing to put money to work covering the initial costs of the program, expecting reimbursement from Farm Services Agency. I believe this could create a powerful tool in buffering streams in Wheeler County. Outlook for Contract Year 2--I have been in this position now for 6 months. I am beginning to feel a much more confident in the buffer program. As my confidence improves I will move forward rapidly in contacting. With increased contacting I will find participating landowners. I am positive the landowner involved in my first project will be doing another after the first is complete.

Potter, Judy; Homer, Will (Wheeler County Soil and Water Conservation District, John Day, OR)

2004-02-01

72

Reaching Year 12 in Victoria, Australia: Student and School Influences  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines student and school influences on reaching Year 12, the final year of schooling in Victoria, Australia. It analyses data from the population of students who were in Year 9 in 2008. Male, English-speaking background, government school, and especially Indigenous students were less likely to reach Year 12 than comparison groups.…

Marks, Gary

2014-01-01

73

Teaching in Year-Round Schools. ERIC Digest.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The year-round calendar is an increasingly popular alternative to the traditional 9-month school calendar. This digest examines the benefits and challenges of teaching in year-round schools. Year-round schools may be on a single-track or multi-track schedule. Single-track schedules call for an instructional year of 180 days with short breaks…

Kneese, Carolyn

74

Forrest Ranch Management and Implementation, Annual Report 2002-2003.  

SciTech Connect

Through their John Day Basin Office, the Confederated Tribes of Warm Springs Reservation of Oregon (Tribes) acquired the Forrest Ranch during July of 2002. The property consists of two parcels located in the John Day subbasin within the Columbia basin. The mainstem parcel consists of 3,503 acres and is located 1/2 mile to the east of Prairie City, Oregon on the mainstem of the John Day River. The middle fork parcel consists of 820 acres and is located one mile to the west of the town of Austin, OR on the middle fork John Day River. The Forrest Ranch Project is under a memorandum of agreement with the Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) to provide an annual written report generally describing the real property interests of the project and management activities undertaken or in progress. The Forrest Ranch acquisition was funded by BPA as part of their program to protect, mitigate, and enhance fish and wildlife habitat affected by the operation of their hydroelectric facilities on the Columbia River and its tributaries. Following lengthy negotiations with the BPA and property owner, the Tribes were able to conclude the acquisition of the Forrest Ranch in July of 2002. The intent of the acquisition project was to partially mitigate fish and wildlife impacts for the John Day Dam on the Columbia River as outlined in the Northwest Power Planning Council's Wildlife Program (NPPC 1994, section 11.1, section 7.6). While the Tribes hold fee-title to the property, the BPA has assured a level of program funding through a memorandum of agreement and annual statement of work. As early as 1997, the Tribes identified this property as a priority for restoration in the John Day basin. In 2000, the Tribes arranged an agreement with the landowner to seek funds for the acquisition of both the Middle Fork and upper Mainstem John Day River holdings of Mr. John Forrest. This property had been a priority of not only the Tribes, but of many other basin natural resource agencies. The contract period was the first year of the program with December 2001 through July 2nd 2002 being previous to acquisition of the property. The majority of the activities conducted under the contract period were spent on O&M and pre acquisition activities.

Smith, Brent

2004-01-01

75

2002-2003 Engineering Accomplishments: Unconventional Nuclear Weapons Detection  

SciTech Connect

The Defense Threat Reduction Agency, DTRA, is a federal agency charged with safeguarding the nation from weapons of mass destruction, in particular nuclear weapons such as crude devices, and radiological dispersal devices (RDD), also known as dirty bombs. Both of which could be delivered using unconventional means such as by transporting them by a car or boat. Two years ago DTRA partnered with NNSA to evaluate commercially available technologies that could be deployed quickly to defend against threats posed by unconventional nuclear weapons under a program called the Unconventional Nuclear Warfare Defense (UNWD) Program. Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) was one of several National laboratories that participated in this program, which consisted in developing, deploying, and demonstrating detection systems suitable for military base protection. Two key contributions to this program by the LLNL team were the development of two Radiation Detection Buoys (RDB) deployed at Naval Base in Kings Bay in Georgia, and the Detection and Tracking System (DTS) demonstrated at Fort Leonard Wood Missouri, headquarters for the Total Force's Maneuver Support Center (MANSCEN). The RDB's were designed to detect the potential transportation of an unconventional nuclear or radiological weapon by a boat. The RDB's consisted of two commercial marine buoys instrumented with several types of detectors sensitive to gamma rays and neutrons, two key modes of energy emitted by radioactive materials. The engineering team selected a standard marine buoy as the overall system platform for this deployment since buoys are already designed to sustain the harsh marine environment, and also for their covertness, since once deployed, they look just like any other buoy on the water. Since this was the first time such a system was ever deployed, the team choose to instrument the buoys with a suite of different types of detectors with the goal to learn which detectors would be best suited for future deployments of this kind. This goal has now being achieved, and through a combination of computer modeling and experimental data, the team has gain the necessary knowledge to better understand the capabilities and limitations of RDB's, and the tradeoffs involve in the selection of the different detectors. The two LLNL RDB's are currently operational at Kings Bay, and the team is looking forward to another opportunity to design the next generation RDB's.

Hernandez, J E; Valentine, J

2004-04-09

76

HIV risks and testing behavior among Asians and Pacific Islanders: results of the HIV Testing Survey, 2002-2003.  

PubMed Central

INTRODUCTION: The HIV Testing Survey (HITS) was developed to examine HIV testing and risk behavior in individuals at risk for HIV infection. The first Seattle HITS was conducted in 2000 (HITS-2000); HITS was conducted in Seattle again in 2002-2003 among Asians and Pacific Islanders (HITS-API). METHODS: Both HITS projects, HITS-API and HITS-2000, included anonymously targeted participants from at-risk populations. Data from the surveys were compared to see whether there were differences in HIV testing behavior between API and a general at-risk population in the Seattle area. Data were analyzed for 165 participants in HITS-API and 270 in HITS-2000. RESULTS: More API (90%) perceived themselves at some HIV risk relative to HITS-2000 participants (71%, chi2 p<0.05). In HITS-API and HITS-2000, participants reported significant HIV risks--no or inconsistent condom use with nonprimary partners or sharing injection equipment. Only 47% of HITS-API participants tested in the past year compared with 64% of HITS-2000. There was no association between HIV testing and risks in HITS-API. CONCLUSIONS: Based on self-report from HITS-API, the overall perceived risk for HIV infection was high, many engaged in high-risk behaviors, and HIV testing was suboptimal. PMID:16080452

Kahle, Erin M.; Freedman, Mark S.; Buskin, Susan E.

2005-01-01

77

Evaluate Bull Trout Movements in the Tucannon and Lower Snake Rivers, 2002-2003 Annual Report.  

SciTech Connect

We collected 279 adult bull trout (Salvelinus confluentus) in the Tucannon River during the Spring and Fall of 2003. Passive Integrated Transponder (PIT) tags were inserted in 191 of them, and we detected existing PIT tags in an additional 31bull trout. Thirty five of these were also surgically implanted with radio-tags, and we monitored the movements of these fish throughout the year. Fourteen radio-tags were recovered shortly after tagging, and as a result, 21 remained in the river through December 31, 2003. Four bull trout that were radio-tagged in spring 2002 were known to survive and carry their tags through the spring and/or summer of 2003. One of these fish spent the winter near river mile (RM) 13.0; the other 3 over-wintered in the vicinity of the Tucannon Hatchery between RM 34 and 36. Twenty-one radio tags from bull trout tagged in 2002 were recovered during the spring and summer, 2003. These tags became stationary the winter of 2002/2003, and were recovered between RM 11 and 55. We were unable to recover the remaining 15 tags from 2002. During the month of July, radio-tagged bull trout exhibited a general upstream movement into the upper reaches of the Tucannon subbasin. We observed some downstream movements of radio-tagged bull trout in mid to late September and throughout October. By late November and early December, radio tagged bull trout were relatively stationary, and were distributed from the headwaters downstream to river mile 6.4, near Lower Monumental Pool. As in 2002, we did not conduct work associated with objectives 2, 3, or 4 of this study, because we were unable to monitor migratory movement of radio-tagged bull trout into the Federal hydropower system on the mainstem Snake River. Transmission tests of submerged ATS model F1830 radio-tags in Lower Granite Pool showed that audible detection and individual tag identification was possible at depths of 20 and 30 ft. Tests were conducted using an ATS R-4000 Receiver equipped with an ''H'' antenna at 200 and 700 feet above water surface from a helicopter. Audible detection and frequency separation were possible at both elevations. Two years of high tag loss, particularly after spawning, has prevented us from documenting fall and winter movements with an adequate sample of radio tagged bull trout. The high transmitter loss after spawning may be a reflection of high natural mortality for large, older age fish that we have been radio tagging to accommodate the longer life transmitters. Therefore, we are planning to reduce the size of the radio tags that we implant, and delay most of our collection and tagging of bull trout until after spawning. These changes are a new approach to try to maximize the number of radio tagged bull trout available post spawning to adequately document fall and winter movements and any use of the Snake River by bull trout from the Tucannon River.

Faler, Michael P. (US Fish and Wildlife Service, Idaho Fishery Resource Office, Ahsahka, ID); Mendel, Glen W.; Fulton, Carl (Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife, Fish Management Division, Dayton, WA)

2004-04-01

78

Lessons Learned: Five Years in the Urban Schools Network.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The 10 chapters in this book provide an overview of 5 years of work by member schools and colleges in the Urban Schools Network, which provides technical assistance to schools in 31 urban areas. "Overview of the Urban Schools Network" (Lola Jackson) is a history, defining purposes, participants, and priorities. "Integrating Academic and Vocational…

Andrew, Erika Nielsen; Dornsife, Carolyn; Flack, Maggie; Hallinan, Mayo Tsuzuki; Jackson, Lola; Raby, Marilyn; Steadman, Mimi Harris

79

Free School Fruit--Sustained Effect 1 Year Later  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study reports the effect of a school-randomized fruit and vegetable intervention consisting of a subscription to the Norwegian School Fruit Programme at no parental cost, and the Fruit and Vegetables Make the Marks (FVMM) educational programme, both delivered in the school year of 2001-02. Nine randomly chosen schools received the…

Bere, E.; Veierod, M. B.; Bjelland, M.; Klepp, K.-I.

2006-01-01

80

Research on Captive Broodstock Programs for Pacific Salmon, 2002-2003 Annual Report.  

SciTech Connect

The success of captive broodstock programs depends on high in-culture survival, appropriate development of the reproductive system, and the behavior and survival of cultured salmon after release, either as adults or juveniles. Continuing captive broodstock research designed to improve technology is being conducted to cover all major life history stages of Pacific salmon. Current velocity in rearing vessels had little if any effect on reproductive behavior of captively reared steelhead. However, males and females reared in high velocity vessels participated a greater number of spawning events than siblings reared in low velocity tanks. Observations of nesting females and associated males in a natural stream (Hamma Hamma River) were consistent with those observed in a controlled spawning channel. DNA pedigree analyses did not reveal significant differences in the numbers of fry produced by steelhead reared in high and low velocity vessels. To determine the critical period(s) for imprinting for sockeye salmon, juvenile salmon are being exposed to known odorants at key developmental stages. Subsequently they will be tested for development of long-term memories of these odorants. In 2002-2003, the efficacy of EOG analysis for assessing imprinting was demonstrated and will be applied in these and other behavioral and molecular tools in the current work plan. Results of these experiments will be important to determine the critical periods for imprinting for the offspring of captively-reared fish destined for release into natal rivers or lakes. By early August, the oocytes of all of Rapid River Hatchery chinook salmon females returning from the ocean had advanced to the tertiary yolk globule stage; whereas, only some of the captively reared Lemhi River females sampled had advanced to this stage, and the degree of advancement was not dependent on rearing temperature. The mean spawning time of captive Lemhi River females was 3-4 weeks after that of the Rapid River fish. Captive Lemhi River females produced smaller and fewer eggs than the Rapid River females; however, relative fecundity was higher than that of the Rapid River fish. Female coho salmon that ceased or slowed oocyte development in the spring had lower body growth from the previous August onward compared with females that continued oocyte growth. This indicates that growth during the late summer and fall, one year prior to spawning, can determine the decision to mature the following spring. Therefore it is important to maintain the growth of broodstock during the summer/fall period to ensure the continuation of ovary development in the subsequent spring. A combined whole cell vaccine of Renogen with killed R. salmoninarum strain MT239 may be effective in reducing the occurrence of BKD during the period immediately after seawater transfer, but not in yearling seawater-adapted chinook salmon. Control of BKD is likely to require an integrated disease management plan, utilizing three components, namely broodstock segregation, antibiotics, and vaccination. Vaccine results incorporated with antibiotic treatment will be used to work toward an integrated disease management plan to help to reduce the cycle of BKD transmission in the captive stocks to increase survival safely. Patterns of estimated survival in one chinook salmon stock (Grovers Creek)were generally consistent with inbreeding depression: progeny of fish that were full siblings (approximate increment in F of 0.25) survived to return at much lower rates than did progeny of fish that were half siblings (F {approx} 0.125) or unrelated individuals (F {approx} 0). Growth at sea of Grovers Creek Hatchery stock study fish was lower than that of UWH stock fish. Among the inbreeding groups alone, no clear differences in growth were detectable. However, preliminary results suggest the general pattern of growth was opposite that expected if inbreeding depression reduced growth: the highest growth was in progeny of related parents.

Berejikian, Barry A. (National Marine Fisheries Service)

2004-01-01

81

A Study of Charter Schools. First-Year Report, 1997.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the early 1990s, several states developed legislation that permitted the creation of a limited number of charter schools. At the beginning of 1997, there were 428 charter schools operating in the United States. This document is the first-year progress report of the 4-year National Study of Charter Schools, sponsored by the U.S. Department of…

Minnesota Univ., Minneapolis. Center for Applied Research and Educational Improvement.

82

A National Study of Charter Schools. Second-Year Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The second-year report of the National Study of Charter Schools updates information on charter schools presented in the first report of the study. The study is a 4-year research effort (September 1995 to September 1999) intended to document and analyze the charter-school movement. It was designed to provide information about what kind of charter…

Berman, Paul; Nelson, Beryl; Ericson, John; Perry, Rebecca; Silverman, Debra

83

IU School of Informatics Third Year Review Policy  

E-print Network

IU School of Informatics Third Year Review Policy Revised ­ 9/16/02 Tenure-track candidates in the IU School of Informatics shall undergo a more comprehensive annual review process in the third year reviews to these materials and forward the packet to the IU School of Informatics Promotion and Tenure

Zhou, Yaoqi

84

The Stability of School Effectiveness Indices across Years.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

School effectiveness indices (SEIs) based on residuals from regressing test performance in reading and mathematics onto prior-year test performance and a socioeconomic status measure (percentage eligible for a subsidized lunch program) were obtained for two consecutive years for 431 South Carolina elementary schools. The analysis involved school

Mandeville, Garrett K.

85

Preplanning to Close Out the School Year Safely  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article focuses on how to prepare and plan for a safe and secure environment for students and staff at the end of a school year or during the summer months. Every individual who works in a school approaches the month of May and the subsequent end-of-school-year tasks with mixed feelings of stress and relief. Although preparations for ensuring…

Brunner, Judy; Lewis, Dennis

2005-01-01

86

The State of Charter Schools. National Study of Charter School. Third-Year Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report provides descriptive information on charter schools that were in operation during the 1997-98 school year. The report is part of a 4-year research program that will document and analyze the charter-school movement. Data were gathered using phone surveys, repeated field visits to a sample of charter schools and their surrounding…

Berman, Paul; Nelson, Beryl; Perry, Rebecca; Silverman, Debra; Solomon, Debra; Kamprath, Nancy

87

Lying in the Elementary School Years  

PubMed Central

The development of lying to conceal one’s own transgression was examined in school-age children. Children (N = 172) between 6 and 11 years of age were asked not to peek at the answer to a trivia question while left alone in a room. Half of the children could not resist temptation and peeked at the answer. When the experimenter asked them whether they had peeked, the majority of children lied. However, children’s subsequent verbal statements, made in response to follow-up questioning, were not always consistent with their initial denial and, hence, leaked critical information to reveal their deceit. Children’s ability to maintain consistency between their initial lie and subsequent verbal statements increased with age. This ability is also positively correlated with children’s 2nd-order belief scores, suggesting that theory of mind understanding plays an important role in children’s ability to lie consistently. PMID:17484589

Talwar, Victoria; Gordon, Heidi M.; Lee, Kang

2008-01-01

88

School-Wide Behavioral Support: Starting the Year Off Right  

Microsoft Academic Search

Two years of office referral data are presented in evaluation of a school-wide behavioral support program designed to define, teach, and reward appropriate student behavior in a rural middle school (grades 6, 7, and 8). During 1994-95, the school had 530 students and recorded 2,628 office referrals. The 1995-96 school year began with a full day in which students were

Susan Taylor-Greene; Doris Brown; Larry Nelson; Julie Longton; Terri Gassman; Joe Cohen; Joan Swartz; Robert H. Horner; George Sugai; Susannah Hall

1997-01-01

89

British Columbia Transfer Guide, 2002-2003: The Official Guide to Post-Secondary Credit Transfer in B.C.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This transfer 2002-2003 transfer guide for the province of British Columbia offers detailed information for college transfer students. The guide documents provincial transfer policy and process, as well as offering specific transfer information for some institutions. It is suggested that it be used in conjunction with the Online Transfer Guide and…

British Columbia Council on Admissions and Transfer, Vancouver.

90

Academic Performance and Substance Use among Students Aged 12 to 17: 2002, 2003, and 2004. The NSDUH Report. Issue 18  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report examines the differences in self-reported academic performance (i.e., average grades in the last semester or grading period) among students aged 12 to 17 by gender, age, and substance use. All findings are annual averages based on combined 2002, 2003, and 2004 NSDUH data. Researchers found that the frequency of the use of alcohol and…

Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, 2006

2006-01-01

91

Kootenai River Fisheries Investigation[s]; Stock Status of Burbot, 2002-2003 Annual Report.  

SciTech Connect

The Kootenai River Fisheries Investigation Project planned to monitor burbot Lota lota movement in the winter of 2002-2003 and test a hypothesis regarding the relationship of winter flow to upstream spawning migration success. The U.S. Army Corps of Engineers and the Bonneville Power Administration were unable to provide the consistent low winter flows needed to meet the experimental design criteria in that monitoring and evaluation plan (approximately 170 m{sup 3}/s from Libby Dam). Although conditions consistent with management for sustained minimum flows persisted throughout the winter, and stable low flows were maintained below Libby Dam from September 1 through November 24, 2002 (158 m{sup 3}/s average) and from January 1, 2003 until May 1 (144 m{sup 3}/s average), flows in the intervening 37 d period from November 25 to December 31 were increased significantly by the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers. During that important December spawning migration period for burbot, flows were well above those proposed in the monitoring and evaluation plan and peaked at 741 m{sup 3}/s on December 21, 2002. Furthermore, despite the low flow conditions for much of the winter, our capture of 10 burbot was the lowest since this investigation began in 1993, evidence that the stock is extremely depressed and the numbers of burbot are declining. We captured a single burbot in 2002-2003 that provided circumstantial evidence reproduction occurred during the winter of 2000-2001. This burbot of 352 mm TL was among the smallest captured since sampling began in 1993. Seven burbot were monitored with sonic telemetry; two of those were tagged the previous winter. The capture of a female burbot at Ambush Rock during the spawning period supports results of previous findings that low flows during winter enhances burbot migration and spawning. Sampling for larval burbot was conducted, but no larval burbot were captured.

Paragamian, Vaughn L.; Hoyle, Genevieve

2005-09-01

92

Analysis of Verification Summary Data School Year 2008-2009  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report summarizes the results of the school year (SY) 2008-2009 review of applications approved for free or reduced-price benefits under the National School Lunch Program and School Breakfast Program. Local Educational Agencies (LEAs) selected nearly 279,000 applications for verification review from among 8.6 million applications approved for…

Ranalli, Dennis; Harper, Edward; Hirschman, Jay

2011-01-01

93

Five Year Charter School Study: An Overview. Arizona Education Analysis.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined whether charter schools in Arizona were accomplishing the goals communicated in their charter applications and explored the evolutionary nature of charter schools. Forty highly varied charter schools in Arizona were tracked over 5 years of continuous operation, from 1995 to 2000. Interviews lasting 4 hours were arranged at each…

Gifford, Mary; Phillips, Karla; Ogle, Melinda

94

Children's Experiences of the First Year of Primary School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes a study with first grade children and their views on the primary school curriculum, as well as their influence on decision-making in school. The study was conducted with 20 six- and seven-year-old children in one primary school in Reykjavik, Iceland. The data gathered includes varied research methods such as group…

Einarsdottir, Johanna

2010-01-01

95

The State of Charter Schools, 2000. National Study of Charter Schools. Fourth-Year Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report by the National Study of Charter Schools provides descriptive information on charter schools that were operating in the 1998-99 school year. The document addresses three major questions: "How have charter schools been implemented?""Under what conditions, if any, have they improved student achievement?" and "What impact have they had on…

Nelson, Beryl; Berman, Paul; Ericson, John; Kamprath, Nancy; Perry, Rebecca; Silverman, Debi; Solomon, Debra

96

Can a School Change Its Spots? The First Year of Transforming to an Innovative School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Transforming into an innovative school is one of the strategies schools apply when facing changes in a turbulent environment. In the first year of such a transformation these schools face an essential dilemma: how to facilitate changes without jeopardizing their environmental legitimacy. Examining an Israeli elementary school as an instrumental…

Tubin, Dorit; Ofek-Regev, Noa

2010-01-01

97

Funding of Schools, 2000-2001 School Year = Financement des ecoles, Annee scolaire 2000-2001.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Available in English or French, this reference guide summarizes the funding of Manitoba public schools for the 2000-2001 school year. School funding for operating and capital expenses is administered by the provincial government. Following a list of 2000-2001 revisions to the Schools Finance Program, the first section describes base support. The…

Manitoba Dept. of Education and Training, Winnipeg.

98

High-throughput real-time RT-PCR assay to detect the exotic Newcastle Disease Virus during the California 2002--2003 outbreak.  

PubMed

During the 2002--2003 Exotic Newcastle Disease (END) outbreak in Southern California, a high-throughput real-time reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RRT-PCR) system was developed to respond to the large diagnostic and surveillance sample workload. A 96-well RNA extraction method, using magnetic bead technology, combined with a 96-well RRT-PCR assay, allowed 1 technician to process and test more than 400 samples per day. A 3-technician team could complete testing on approximately 1,900 samples per day. The diagnostic sensitivity of the high-throughput RRT-PCR assay was 0.9967 (95% CI 0.9937-0.9997) based on 926 virus isolation confirmed positive samples. Diagnostic specificity using an initial 434 virus isolation confirmed negative samples was 100%. A diagnostic specificity of 0.9999 (95% CI 0.9999, >0.9999) was subsequently calculated on the basis of 2 false-positive results among 65,343 surveillance samples collected after the final END-positive case was confirmed in May 2003. Assay performance over 500 replicates, including reproducibility of the combined extraction and RRT-PCR amplification steps yielded a standard deviation of 0.70 RRT-PCR cycle thresholds (Ct) and a standard deviation of 0.59 Ct for the RRT-PCR steps alone. The high-throughput RRT-PCR developed for END contributed significantly to the 2002--2003 END control effort, reducing the predicted timeline for eradication from 3 years to just 11 months, primarily because of the large number of samples that could be rapidly tested. The 96-well approach described for high-throughput END RRT-PCR could be adapted to other rapid, high-volume testing needs, as required for potential foreign animal disease responses or intensive surveillance efforts. PMID:15825492

Crossley, Beate M; Hietala, Sharon K; Shih, Liu-Mei; Lee, Lou; Skowronski, Evan W; Ardans, Alex A

2005-03-01

99

My Year as a High School Student  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

When high school physics teacher Deborah Waldron needed to pump up her knowledge of biology for National Board Certification, she enrolled in 9th grade Intensified Biology at her school. Waldron shares her observations of what she learned: from the inevitability of starting long-term projects late at night to the realization of how tempting…

Waldron, Deborah

2006-01-01

100

40 Years of Excellence in School Psychology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The National Association of School Psychologists (NASP) is celebrating its 40th anniversary and the 20th anniversary of the Nationally Certified School Psychologist (NCSP) credential. NASP was founded on March 15, 1969 during a national planning conference in St. Louis. In this article, the author provides a brief overview of the NASP.

Cowan, Katherine C.

2008-01-01

101

Moving House for Education in the Pre-School Years  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper uses data from the Millennium Cohort Study (MCS) to examine house moves that take place in the pre-school years, focusing on families who move for the education of their children. We present results showing that education- related house moves do indeed occur in the pre-school years with particular types of parents making these…

Hansen, Kirstine

2014-01-01

102

School Integration Efforts Three Years after "Parents Involved"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report synthesizes major themes in local policymaking during the last year, as local school districts continue to grapple with legal and economic constraints on policies that are aimed at creating diverse schools. The report last year on the second anniversary of "Parents Involved" began to uncover some of the consequences of the difficult…

Tefera, Adai; Siegel-Hawley, Genevieve; Frankenberg, Erica

2010-01-01

103

High School Biology: The Early Years.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the emergence of the biology curriculum which replaced physiology, zoology, and botany in high school science courses and supplanted an early form of general science known as natural history. (RT)

Rosenthal, Dorothy B.; Bybee, Rodger W.

1988-01-01

104

Chemical ozone loss in the Arctic winter 2002/2003 determined with Match  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Match technique was used to determine chemically induced ozone loss inside the stratospheric vortex during the Arctic winter 2002/2003. From end of November 2002, which is the earliest start of a Match campaign ever, until end of March 2003 approximately 800 ozonesondes were launched from 34 stations in the Arctic and mid latitudes. Ozone loss rates were quantified from the beginning of December until mid-March in the vertical region of 400-550 K potential temperature. In accordance with the occurrence of a large area of conditions favourable for the formation of polar stratospheric clouds in December ozone destruction rates varied between 10-15 ppbv/day depending on height. Maximum loss rates around 35 ppbv/day were reached during late January. Afterwards ozone loss rates decreased until mid-March when the final warming of the vortex began. In the period from 2 December 2002 to 16 March 2003 the accumulated ozone loss reduced the partial ozone column of 400-500 K potential temperature by 56±4 DU. This value is in good agreement with that inferred from the empirical relation of ozone loss against the volume of potential polar stratospheric clouds within the northern hemisphere. The sensitivity of the results on recent improvements of the approach has been tested.

Streibel, M.; Rex, M.; von der Gathen, P.; Lehmann, R.; Harris, N. R. P.; Braathen, G. O.; Reimer, E.; Deckelmann, H.; Chipperfield, M.; Millard, G.; Allaart, M.; Andersen, S. B.; Claude, H.; Davies, J.; de Backer, H.; Dier, H.; Dorokov, V.; Fast, H.; Gerding, M.; Kyrö, E.; Litynska, Z.; Moore, D.; Moran, E.; Nagai, T.; Nakane, H.; Parrondo, C.; Skrivankova, P.; Stübi, R.; Vaughan, G.; Viatte, P.; Yushkov, V.

2006-07-01

105

SEROPREVALENCE SURVEY OF ZOONOSES IN EXTREMADURA, SOUTHWESTERN SPAIN, 2002-2003.  

PubMed

The aim of this work was to determine the seroprevalence of the most common zoonosis among the population of Extremadura (southwestern Spain) and to identify the associated risk factors. A seroepidemiological survey was conducted to collect family background and habits of residents of Extremadura between 2002-2003. Antibodies to Brucella were determined by Rose Bengal and standard tube agglutination; a titer of 1/80 was considered to be positive. Antibody titers of spotted fever, leishmaniasis, echinococcosis, and toxoplasmosis were determined by enzyme-immunoassay. Independent risk factors found were age (younger in brucellosis), male gender (brucellosis, spotted fever and toxoplasmosis), profession and contact with animals (brucellosis and spotted fever with goats, hydatidosis with sheep, leishmaniasis with dogs, toxoplasmosis with cats and pigs), and consumption of contaminated food (brucellosis and fresh cheese, hydatidosis and homemade sausages, toxoplasmosis and pork). Except for leishmaniasis, the other zoonosis were more prevalent in rural areas and, with the exception of brucellosis, they were all more prevalent in Badajoz. The distribution of zoonosis in Extremadura is heavily influenced by keeping livestock and eating habits. Thus, brucellosis is more prevalent in Caceres (associated with cheese consumption), while toxoplasmosis (pork consumption) and spotted fever (from hunting) are more common in Badajoz. PMID:25420654

Angeles Asencio, Maria; Herraez, Oscar; Maria Tenias, Jose; Garduño, Eugenio; Huertas, Maria; Carranza, Rafael; Mauro Ramos, Julian

2014-11-25

106

95 Years of Teaching High School Sociology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A neglected part of the history of teaching sociology is the history of teaching high school sociology. The American Sociological Association's centennial in 2005 affords sociologists an opportunity to reflect on the teaching of sociology--anywhere and everywhere that it happens. In the spirit of contributing to the history of teaching sociology…

DeCesare, Michael

2005-01-01

107

Safe Schools for the Roller Coaster Years  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The dramatic ups and downs so often witnessed in adolescents are the result of changes in their brain activity. It is vital that the emotional and psychological needs that arise from such intense brain development are acknowledged and addressed so that middle school becomes a safe environment for the budding adults.

Inlay, Linda

2005-01-01

108

SCHOOL DESEGREGATION--THE FIRST SIX YEARS.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

THE ATTEMPT IS MADE TO PUT INTO PERSPECTIVE THE MORAL, LEGAL, AND POLITICAL ISSUES OF SCHOOL DESEGREGATION FOR THE PRIVATE CITIZEN OF THE SOUTH WHO IS STILL IN SEARCH OF THE MORAL AND SOCIAL VALUES DEMANDED BY THE RACIAL PROBLEM. THIRTY QUESTIONS ARE RAISED AND DISCUSSED. SOME OF THE TOPICS INCLUDED WERE--THE SUPREME COURT RULINGS AND THEIR…

Southern Regional Council, Atlanta, GA.

109

Normalization of First Year Law School Grades.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Loyola Law School's plan to normalize grading in sections of a given course involves separate calculations for students with and without statistical background. Examples of class and section distributions are provided, alternative normalization methods are discussed, and the reasons they were not used are noted. (MSE)

Tunick, David C.; Schechter, Dan S.

1983-01-01

110

Preparing for the Flu During the 2009-10 School Year: Questions and Answers for Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This brochure provides answers to the following questions: (1) Why do school districts, schools, teachers, parents, and communities need to plan for the continuation of learning for students during flu season this year? (2) How should districts and schools go about planning to continue students' education when they are at home because of H1N1?…

US Department of Education, 2009

2009-01-01

111

High School Transfer Students and the Transition to College: Timing and the Structure of the School Year  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The timing of a high school transfer may shape students' transitions to college through its (mis)alignment with the structure of the school year. A transfer that occurs during the summer interrupts the four-year high school career, whereas a transfer that occurs midyear disrupts both the four-year high school career and the structure of the school

Sutton, April; Muller, Chandra; Langenkamp, Amy G.

2013-01-01

112

My Experience as NASN School Nurse of the Year  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article shares the author's experience as the National Association of School Nurses (NASN) School Nurse of the Year. Recognition by one's peers for excellence in the profession is indeed an honor and a humbling experience. She states that it was a wonderful opportunity to reconnect with many NASN friends. Special recognition and awards from…

Reilly, Dorothy J.

2004-01-01

113

ASBESTOS CONCENTRATIONS IN TWO YEARS AFTER ABATEMENT IN SEVENTEEN SCHOOLS  

EPA Science Inventory

Airborne asbestos concentrations were measured at 17 schools that underwent an asbestos abatement 2 years before in 1988. hese 17 schools, which involved 20 abatement sites, were part of a study conducted by the U.S Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and the New Jersey Departm...

114

ASBESTOS CONCENTRATIONS TWO YEARS AFTER ABATEMENT IN SEVENTEEN SCHOOLS  

EPA Science Inventory

Airborne asbestos concentrations were measured at 17 schools that underwent an asbestos abatement 2 years before in 1988. These 17 schools, which involved 20 abatement sites, were part of a study conducted by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and the New Jersey Depar...

115

Districts Face Painful Cuts as School Year Begins  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As students around the country begin the 2011-2012 school year, many of them will be returning to districts that have been forced to restructure their operations in the face of budget cuts. Leaders of those school systems have sought to avoid cuts that they believe would weaken instruction. But they also believe the reductions will put a strain on…

Cavanagh, Sean

2011-01-01

116

Implementing Year-Round School--Monroe Style.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Planning for conversion to a year-round school in James Monroe School, Madera, California, began in 1984 as educators and community faced the fact that continued enrollment increases had reached a critical point. This report describes program development and implementation; an appendix with program worksheets comprises over one-half of the…

Cruz, John

117

The Impact of Length of the School Year on Student Performance and Earnings: Evidence From the German Short School Years &ast  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article investigates how changing the length of the school year, leaving the basic curriculum unchanged, affects learning and subsequent earnings. I use variation introduced by the West German short school years in 1966–7, which exposed some students to a total of about two thirds of a year less of schooling while enrolled. I find that the short school years

Jörn-Steffen Pischke

2007-01-01

118

Teacher Job Satisfaction in a Year-Round School.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes reasons for teacher job satisfaction at a year-round elementary school (Timber Lane) in Fairfax County, Virginia, such as flexible work schedules, reduced stress, and time for professional planning. (PKP)

Haser, Shelly Gismondi; Nasser, Ilham

2003-01-01

119

Rescheduled School Year Plans. ERIC/CEM Research Review.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This literature review, based on abstracts of documents announced in RIE, compiles information on the rescheduled school year. Following the review is a list of the 18 documents cited, their costs, and availability. (LLR)

Piele, Philip K.

1971-01-01

120

Three year results of the Friendly Schools whole-of-school intervention on children's bullying behaviour  

Microsoft Academic Search

A group randomized controlled trial tested the efficacy of the Friendly Schools program to reduce student bullying behaviour. This socio-ecological intervention targeted the whole school, classroom, family, and individual students to reduce bullying behaviour. Self-report data were collected in 29 schools over three years from a cohort of 1968 eight to nine-year-olds. Surveys measured frequency of being bullied, bullying others,

Donna Cross; Helen Monks; Margaret Hall; Therese Shaw; Yolanda Pintabona; Erin Erceg; Gregory Hamilton; Clare Roberts; Stacey Waters; Leanne Lester

2010-01-01

121

The Schooling They Need: Voicing Student Perspectives on Their Fourth Year in Senior High School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study used qualitative research methods to investigate the experiences of students who returned to senior high school for a fourth year in order to graduate. By drawing on student voices, this collaborative research partnership with students revealed that a fourth year of high school led to stigmatization and alienation of students and often…

Kirby, Dale; Gardner, Morgan

2010-01-01

122

School Attachment Theory and Restitution Processes: Promoting Positive Behaviors in Middle Years Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents the findings of a case study that examined school attachment and restitution strategies used in a middle years school to determine if the program had provided a viable means of promoting and sustaining positive behaviors among middle years students. Data were gathered by interviewing five teachers who had Restitution I training…

Penner, Christine; Wallin, Dawn

2012-01-01

123

Case Studies of Schools Receiving School Improvement Grants: Findings after the First Year of Implementation. NCEE 2014-4015  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Study of School Turnaround examines the improvement process in a purposive sample of 35 case study schools receiving federal School Improvement Grants (SIG) over a three-year period (2010-11 to 2012-13 school years). Using site visit, teacher survey, and fiscal data, the case studies describe the school contexts, the principals'…

Le Floch, Kerstin Carlson; Birman, Beatrice; O'Day, Jennifer; Hurlburt, Steven; Mercado-Garcia, Diana; Goff, Rose; Manship, Karen; Brown, Seth; Therriault, Susan Bowles; Rosenberg, Linda; Angus, Megan Hague; Hulsey, Lara

2014-01-01

124

Welcome to the new school year!  

E-print Network

was probably the university's most difficult era in decades. Some economic indicators suggest the economy for six months, and then later deployed to Iraq and Kuwait for a year. "The University of Florida has been

Pilyugin, Sergei S.

125

Descriptive Epidemiology of Collegiate Women's Field Hockey Injuries: National Collegiate Athletic Association Injury Surveillance System, 1988–1989 Through 2002–2003  

PubMed Central

Objective: To review 15 years of National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) injury surveillance data for women's field hockey and identify potential areas for injury prevention initiatives. Background: Field hockey is one of the most popular sports worldwide and is growing in participation in the United States, particularly among women. From 1988–1989 to 2002–2003, participation in NCAA women's field hockey increased 12%, with the largest growth among Division III programs. In 20022003, 253 colleges offered women's field hockey and 5385 women participated. Main Results: Game injury rates showed a significant average annual 2.5% decline over 15 years, most likely fueled by drops in ankle ligament sprain, knee internal derangement, and finger fracture injuries. Despite this, ankle ligament sprains were common (13.7% of game and 15.0% of practice injuries) and a frequent cause of severe injuries (resulting in 10+ days of time-loss activity). Concussion and head laceration injuries increased over this same time, and the risk of sustaining a concussion in a game was 6 times higher than the risk of sustaining one during practice. Overall, injury rates were twice as high in games as in practices (7.87 versus 3.70 injuries per 1000 athlete-exposures, rate ratio = 2.1, 95% confidence interval = 2.0, 2.3). Most head/neck/face (71%) and hand/finger/thumb (68%) injuries occurred when the player was near the goal or within the 25-yd line and were caused by contact with the stick or ball (greater than 77% for both body sites); for 34% of head/neck/ face injuries, a penalty was called on the play. Recommendations: Equipment (requiring helmets and padded gloves) and rule changes (to decrease field congestion near the goal) as well as evidence-based injury prevention interventions (eg, prophylactic ankle taping/bracing, neuromuscular balance exercise programs) may be viable prevention initiatives for reducing injury rates in women's collegiate field hockey players. PMID:17710169

Dick, Randall; Hootman, Jennifer M; Agel, Julie; Vela, Luzita; Marshall, Stephen W; Messina, Renee

2007-01-01

126

Schooling for the Middle Years: Developments in Eight European Countries.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This booklet describes how eight European countries structure educational provision for children in the middle years of schooling, ages 10 through 14. The booklet discusses the status of middle years education, the tracking of students, equal opportunities for minorities, specialization of teachers and counselors, academic versus holistic…

Hirsch, Donald

127

Intertextuality and Beginning Reading Instruction in the Initial School Years.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research draws upon both a preliminary study conducted over a 3-year period, in which a group of 15 children was tracked through the first 3 years of school, as well as works-in-progress. The particular concern of this research is the accessibility of the complex organization of reading instruction to young readers, realized by explicit and…

Harris, Pauline; Trezise, Jillian

1997-01-01

128

Elementary School Achievement Profiles. Portland Public Schools. A School-by-School Report of Basic Skills Test Results and School/Student/Staff Data: School Year 1986-87.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report contains Portland Achievement Levels Tests results for 61 elementary schools, 18 middle schools, and one special program school in the Portland School District for the 1986-87 school year. Twelve different grade-level configurations are represented, from pre-kindergarten to grade 12. Tests are designed to be administered in accordance…

Portland Public Schools, OR. Dept. of Research, Evaluation, and Testing.

129

Montana Nonpublic School Enrollment by County and Grade Range, 2001-02 through 2003-04 School Years  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document contains tables of data relating to the enrollment statistics for Montana Home Schools and Private Schools by county and grade range. The statistics relate to school years 2001-2002 through 2003-2004.

Montana Office of Public Instruction, 2004

2004-01-01

130

25 CFR 39.205 - How does OIEP calculate a school's total WSUs for the school year?  

...2014-04-01 false How does OIEP calculate a school's total WSUs for the school year? 39.205 Section 39.205 Indians...DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR EDUCATION THE INDIAN SCHOOL EQUALIZATION PROGRAM Administrative...

2014-04-01

131

25 CFR 39.205 - How does OIEP calculate a school's total WSUs for the school year?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-04-01 false How does OIEP calculate a school's total WSUs for the school year? 39.205 Section 39.205 Indians...DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR EDUCATION THE INDIAN SCHOOL EQUALIZATION PROGRAM Administrative...

2013-04-01

132

25 CFR 39.205 - How does OIEP calculate a school's total WSUs for the school year?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2011-04-01 true How does OIEP calculate a school's total WSUs for the school year? 39.205 Section 39.205 Indians...DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR EDUCATION THE INDIAN SCHOOL EQUALIZATION PROGRAM Administrative...

2012-04-01

133

GeneralBulletin 2002-2003 College of Arts and Sciences  

E-print Network

, Television, and Recording Arts School of Music School of Nursing College of Social Sciences School of Social, and the development of ethical principles on which to base a life of intellectual curiosity and satisfaction within-operated museum in the country. In 2001, we established the country's first new allopathic medical school in over

Hull, Elaine

134

Assess Current and Potential Salmonid Production in Rattlesnake Creek Associated with Restoration Efforts; Underwood Conservation District, Annual Report 2002-2003.  

SciTech Connect

This project addresses existing habitat conditions, fish population status, and restoration priority sites within the Rattlesnake Creek watershed, a sub-basin of the White Salmon River. Our partners in this project are the United States Geological Service (USGS), and the Yakama Indian Nation (YIN). Underwood Conservation District (UCD) is involved in the project via accomplishment of water quality monitoring, sampling for stable isotopes, and characterization of the watershed geomorphology. These work items are part of an effort to characterize the stream and riparian habitat conditions in Rattlesnake Creek, to help guide habitat and fish restoration work. Water chemistry and temperature information is being collected both on Rattlesnake Creek, and on other tributaries and the main stem of the White Salmon River. Information on the entire system enables us to compare results obtained from Rattlesnake Creek with the rest of the White Salmon system. Water chemistry and temperature data have been collected in a manner that is comparable with data gathered in previous years. The results from data gathered in the 2001-2002 performance period are reported in appendix A at the end of this 2002-2003 report. Additional work being conducted as part of this study includes; an estimate of salmonid population abundance (YIN and USGS); a determination of fish species composition, distribution, and life history (YIN and USGS), and a determination of existing kinds, distribution, and severity of fish diseases (YIN and USGS). The overall objective is to utilize the above information to prioritize restoration efforts in Rattlesnake Creek.

White, Jim

2004-02-01

135

A Single Case Study of a Three Year Coordinated School Health Program at a Rural North Mississippi Elementary School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The single case study presents the story of the implementation of a three year Coordinated School Health Program (CSHP) at a rural North Mississippi school. The school was recognized by the Mississippi Department of Education, Office of Healthy Schools, as one of ten selected model Mississippi healthy schools. An awarded grant of one hundred…

Howell, Sandra Lena

2010-01-01

136

The Effects of a Year-Round School Calendar in a High-Risk Elementary School: A Comparative Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This dissertation reports a study of a year-round school in comparison to a traditional calendar school and whether the year-round school calendar was related to higher student achievement in a large, school district in the southeastern United States. The data represented the results of third through fifth grade student state test scores in the…

Mitchell-Hoefer, Megan D.

2010-01-01

137

2002-2003 Wet Season Branchiopod Survey Report, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Site 300, Alameda and San Joaquin Counties, California  

SciTech Connect

Condor Country Consulting conducted surveys for listed branchiopods in the 2002-2003 wet season to complete requirements of the Guidelines (USFWS 1996) used to determine the distribution of federally-listed branchiopods within the study area. The first survey was performed during the previous wet season (2001-2002). The 2002-2003 wet season survey, combined with the previous season's survey, is intended to provide LLNL with information that will assist them in determining the effects of the proposed action on federally listed branchiopods and provide information useful in the preparation of the associated environmental documentation. It is also expected to satisfy the survey requirements of the USFWS. For the purpose of this report, the term branchiopod refers specifically to phyllopodous branchiopods and not cladocerans. Fairy shrimp, tadpole shrimp, and clam shrimp are all categorized as phyllopodous branchiopods and are currently the only members of the Class Branchiopoda that contain species that are listed under the federal Endangered Species Act. Although cladocerans are branchiopods and were found on the site, they are only referred to by the Order in this report because they are not the target species of this study.

Weber, W; Woollett, J

2004-11-16

138

A Year in Review: The "High School Journal" in 1920  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 1920, the "High School Journal" had been up and running for a year and cost 15 cents an issue. Robert Goddard was ridiculed by the "New York Times" for predicting space travel (a retraction was printed in 1969), small countries like Ireland and Romania were fighting for their own governments, and American women voted for the first time in a…

Job, Jennifer G.

2009-01-01

139

Three-Year Sequence for High School Mathematics, Course II.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this revised syllabus/guide is to help teachers and administrators plan and implement Course II in the the State Three-Year Sequence for High School Mathematics for Regents credit. Course II builds upon the state mathematics curriculum outlined in the department's mathematics K-6, Grade 7, Grade 8, and Course I publications.…

New York State Education Dept., Albany. Bureau of Mathematics Education.

140

Three-Year Sequence for High School Mathematics: Course I.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this revised syllabus/guide is to help teachers and administrators plan and implement Course I in the State of New York Three-Year Sequence for High School Mathematics for Regents credit. Course I builds upon the State mathematics curriculum outlined in the Department's mathematics K-6, Grade 7, and Grade 8 publications. This guide…

New York State Education Dept., Albany. Bureau of Curriculum Development.

141

Three-Year Sequence for High School Mathematics, Course II.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This curriculum guide covers Course II of a three-year sequence for high school mathematics in New York which was intended to provide an alternative to the regular Regents' sequence of ninth-, tenth-, and eleventh-grade mathematics. A listing of scope and content is provided along with suggested time allotments. Topics covered are: Logic,…

Buchman, Paul; Buchman, Aaron

142

Five Ways to Organize for a New School Year  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Educators may start off a school year with the best of intentions for staying organized, but by about November, they quickly find their systems, energy and motivation starts to dwindle. By March, they can't even see their desk, and have hundreds of e-mails in their inboxes. Incorporating a few organizational strategies at the beginning of the…

Balsley, Jessica

2011-01-01

143

High School Physics, Two-Year Colleges, and Physics Majors  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We have just completed the data collection for our 2012-13 Nationwide Survey of High School Physics and expect to have results to report in the spring. In the interim, we will take a look at physics in two-year colleges (TYCs). In 2007, we surveyed undergraduate seniors in degree-granting physics departments, and we asked these students if they…

White, Susan C.

2013-01-01

144

Sexual Coercion of Year 11-12 High School Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Sexual coercion in peer dating relationships was studied among 341 Year 11-12 high school students via the Adolescent Dating and Relationship Survey. Nearly 50% of females and 70% of males had relationships with similar aged partners. However, more females dated older partners and more males dated younger partners. Females also reported longer…

Dashlooty, Ashraf; Eklund, Robert C.; Randall, Nick; Heard, N. Paul; Blanksby, Brian

2008-01-01

145

Structure of Year 3 and Year 4 Curriculum Dartmouth Medical School  

E-print Network

six clerkships during Year 3: Inpatient Medicine, Surgery, Pediatrics, Psychiatry, OB-GYN/Women's Health, and Family Medicine. · · Year 3 at Dartmouth Medical School begins with a required three-day ICE and Ambulatory Medicine clerkship can be completed. One or more weeks of vacation are also encouraged during

Lotko, William

146

What I've Learned about Charter Schools: After 10 Years on the Front Lines  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The author founded Greater Newark Charter School in 2000 at a time when charter schools were little more than a nuisance to the traditional public school establishment. Just two years earlier, when first learning about charter schools, he recalls questioning the necessity for "new" schools when so many operational public schools were in need of…

Turnamian, Peter

2011-01-01

147

The School Health Education Study + 50 Years: Scholars' Reflections on Its Impact and Legacy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Launched 50 years ago, the School Health Education Study (SHES) examined the health education offerings in 135 public school systems, in 38 states, and over 1100 elementary schools and 350 secondary schools. In its second year, knowledge surveys were administered to students in grades 6, 9 and 12 at many of these schools. Analysis of…

McDermott, Robert J.; Mayer, Alyssa B.

2011-01-01

148

Research on Captive Broodstock Programs for Pacific Salmon; Assessment of Captive Broodstock Technologies, Annual Report 2002-2003.  

SciTech Connect

The success of captive broodstock programs depends on high in-culture survival, appropriate development of the reproductive system, and the behavior and survival of cultured salmon after release, either as adults or juveniles. Continuing captive broodstock research designed to improve technology is being conducted to cover all major life history stages of Pacific salmon. Current velocity in rearing vessels had little if any effect on reproductive behavior of captively reared steelhead. However, males and females reared in high velocity vessels participated a greater number of spawning events than siblings reared in low velocity tanks. Observations of nesting females and associated males in a natural stream (Hamma Hamma River) were consistent with those observed in a controlled spawning channel. DNA pedigree analyses did not reveal significant differences in the numbers of fry produced by steelhead reared in high and low velocity vessels. To determine the critical period(s) for imprinting for sockeye salmon, juvenile salmon are being exposed to known odorants at key developmental stages. Subsequently they will be tested for development of long-term memories of these odorants. In 2002-2003, the efficacy of EOG analysis for assessing imprinting was demonstrated and will be applied in these and other behavioral and molecular tools in the current work plan. Results of these experiments will be important to determine the critical periods for imprinting for the offspring of captively-reared fish destined for release into natal rivers or lakes. By early August, the oocytes of all of Rapid River Hatchery chinook salmon females returning from the ocean had advanced to the tertiary yolk globule stage; whereas, only some of the captively reared Lemhi River females sampled had advanced to this stage, and the degree of advancement was not dependent on rearing temperature. The mean spawning time of captive Lemhi River females was 3-4 weeks after that of the Rapid River fish. Captive Lemhi River females produced smaller and fewer eggs than the Rapid River females; however, relative fecundity was higher than that of the Rapid River fish. Female coho salmon that ceased or slowed oocyte development in the spring had lower body growth from the previous August onward compared with females that continued oocyte growth. This indicates that growth during the late summer and fall, one year prior to spawning, can determine the decision to mature the following spring. Therefore it is important to maintain the growth of broodstock during the summer/fall period to ensure the continuation of ovary development in the subsequent spring. A combined whole cell vaccine of Renogen with killed R. salmoninarum strain MT239 may be effective in reducing the occurrence of BKD during the period immediately after seawater transfer, but not in yearling seawater-adapted chinook salmon. Control of BKD is likely to require an integrated disease management plan, utilizing three components, namely broodstock segregation, antibiotics, and vaccination. Vaccine results incorporated with antibiotic treatment will be used to work toward an integrated disease management plan to help to reduce the cycle of BKD transmission in the captive stocks to increase survival safely. Patterns of estimated survival in one chinook salmon stock (Grovers Creek) were generally consistent with inbreeding depression: progeny of fish that were full siblings (approximate increment in F of 0.25) survived to return at much lower rates than did progeny of fish that were half siblings (F {approx} 0.125) or unrelated individuals (F {approx} 0). Growth at sea of Grovers Creek Hatchery stock study fish was lower than that of UWH stock fish. Among the inbreeding groups alone, no clear differences in growth were detectable. However, preliminary results suggest the general pattern of growth was opposite that expected if inbreeding depression reduced growth: the highest growth was in progeny of related parents.

Berejikian, Barry

2004-01-01

149

[School achievement and neurologic examination: a 7-years' correlation study].  

PubMed

Neurological examination and school performance were analyzed in 146 children from a longitudinal follow up on growth and development at northern metropolitan Santiago, Chile. Their reading and writing abilities and their performance on neuro-maturational tests at the third elementary grade, were compared with academic achievements seven years later and highly significant correspondence was found among these terms. Reading comprehension and simple arithmetic problem solving abilities were the most affected aspects in children that exhibited multiple subtle neurological abnormal signs. Writing and design abilities were also involved up to a certain degree. Intellectual endowment was a determinant factor in this relationship since children above average. I.Q. showed less neurological involvement and better academic qualifications and vice versa. Subjects with many subnormal neuro-maturational signs had relative under-ratings at school examinations, whichsoever their mental level was. Thirty percent of the initial 208 study case were missed in the 7 year time span: Most of them were unable to read and write properly at third elementary school grade, showed evidence of several minor neurological failures and abandoned school in the mean time. By contrast, 96% of the index group could be reexamined. This bias implies that between early learning plus neurological status, at age 9 years and the later academic performance should have been an extremely positive interrelationship for the whole series. PMID:2485501

Manterola, A; Avendaño, A; Valenzuela, C; Avendaño, P; Cotroneo, J

1989-01-01

150

The Effects of Year-Round School on Students with Learning Disabilities: A Case Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This case study investigated the effects of year-round school on students with learning disabilities at Abraxas High School in Poway, California. Abraxas is an alternative school that operates on a block schedule and year-round calendar. The researcher attempted to answer the question: How does year-round school impact students with learning…

Pfeiffer, John, Jr.

2011-01-01

151

Revenues and Expenditures for Public Elementary and Secondary School Districts: School Year 2007-08 (Fiscal Year 2008). First Look. NCES 2010-323  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication contains data on revenues and expenditures per pupil made by school districts for school year 2007-08. Median per pupil revenue and expenditure data are reported by state, as well as values at the 5th and 95th percentiles. Data for charter schools are reported separately. There are also discussions on the different types of school

Honegger, Steven D.

2010-01-01

152

Year-Round School versus Traditional School: The Impact of Academic Calendars on Student Achievement at Selected Elementary Schools in North Central South Carolina  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the impact that a year-round school calendar and a traditional school calendar may have on student achievement at selected elementary schools in North Central South Carolina. Specifically it investigated mean differences in academic achievement between elementary students at two year-round schools versus two traditional…

Lindsay-Brown, Sandra J.

2010-01-01

153

Governance and Administrative Infrastructure in New York City Charter Schools. Going Charter Year Three Findings. Charter School Research Project.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this final report of a 3-year evaluation, researchers explored the developing infrastructure in New York City charter schools and identified areas in which school stakeholders--private partners, boards of trustees, school leaders, parents, and teachers--needed support to help charter schools succeed. The study was based on monthly visits to…

Ascher, Carol; Echazarreta, Juan; Jacobowitz, Robin; McBride, Yolanda; Troy, Tammi

154

IU School of Informatics at IUPUI Student Scholarship/Fellowship application for 2013-2014 school year  

E-print Network

IU School of Informatics at IUPUI Student Scholarship/Fellowship application for 2013-2014 school available for IU School of Informatics at IUPUI majors, please complete the online application in One standing (year) #12;IU School of Informatics at IUPUI Student Scholarship/Fellowship application Submit

Zhou, Yaoqi

155

Revenues and Expenditures for Public Elementary and Secondary School Districts: School Year 2005-06 (Fiscal Year 2006). First Look. NCES 2008-345  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This brief publication contains basic revenue and expenditure data, by state, for public elementary and secondary education for school year 2005-06. It contains state-level data on revenues by source and expenditures by function, including expenditures per pupil. It presents data from the School District Finance Survey for School Year 2005-06…

Zhou, Lei

2008-01-01

156

Revenues and Expenditures for Public Elementary and Secondary School Districts: School Year 2006-07 (Fiscal Year 2007). First Look. NCES 2009-338  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report presents data from the School District Finance Survey for School Year 2006-07 (fiscal year 2007, or FY 07). The School District Finance Survey is a district-level survey that consists of data submitted annually to the National Center for Education Statistics (NCES) by state education agencies (SEAs) in the 50 states and the District of…

Zhou, Lei

2009-01-01

157

Revenues and Expenditures for Public Elementary and Secondary School Districts: School Year 2010-11 (Fiscal Year 2011). First Look (Provisional Data). NCES 2013-344  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report presents data from the School District Finance Survey (F-33) of the Common Core of Data (CCD) survey system for school year (SY) 2010-11, fiscal year 2011 (FY 11). The F-33 survey is a school district-level financial survey that consists of data submitted annually to the National Center for Education Statistics (NCES) and the…

Cornman, Stephen Q.; Keaton, Patrick; Glander, Mark

2013-01-01

158

EXPERIMENTAL PATHOGENESIS FOR CHICKENS, TURKEYS, AND PIGEONS OF EXOTIC NEWCASTLE DISEASE VIRUS FROM AN OUTBREAK IN CALIFORNIA DURING 2002-2003  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Exotic Newcastle disease virus (NDV) isolated from chickens during the 2002-2003 California outbreak was inoculated into 4-week-old specific-pathogen-free (SPF) White Leghorn chickens, 3-week-old SPF Beltsville White turkeys, 6-week-old commercial Broad Breasted White turkeys, and 10- to 20-week-old...

159

BREN SCHOOL PH.D. PROGRAM GUIDE 2009-2010 Academic Year  

E-print Network

BREN SCHOOL PH.D. PROGRAM GUIDE 2009-2010 Academic Year TIMELINE SUMMARY ..................................................................................3 THE BREN SCHOOL PH.D. PROGRAM ....................................................4 REQUIRED SCHOOL PH.D. PROGRAM COMMITTEE.......................................................... 4 THE PH

California at Santa Barbara, University of

160

Re-emergence of Rift Valley fever virus in Barkedji (Senegal, West Africa) in 2002-2003: identification of new vectors and epidemiological implications.  

PubMed

The Rift Valley fever virus (RVFV) is a threat that must not be neglected, as the consequences of RVFV are dramatic, both for human and animal health. This virus is a zoonotic virus that already has demonstrated a real capacity for re-emerging after long periods of silence, as observed in Barkedji (Senegal, West Africa) in 2002. In this article we present the 2nd emergence in Barkedji after the 1st manifestation in 1993, and for the 1st time the circulation of RVFV during 2 consecutive years among mosquito populations in Senegal. As part of the entomological surveillance program undertaken since 1990 to detect circulation of the RVFV in Barkedji, 108,336 mosquitoes belonging to 34 species and 5 genera were collected in 2002-2003. Aedes vexans and Culex poicilipes, previously known to be vectors of RVFV in Senegal, comprised 88.7% of the total collection. In 2002, Ae. vexans was the most abundant mosquito, followed by Cx. poicilipes; the opposite situation was observed in 2003. In 2002, 29 and 10 RVFV isolates were obtained from Cx. poicilipes (minimum infection rate [MIR] = 0.13%) and Ae. vexans (MIR = 0.02%) pools, respectively and the MIR for the 2 species were significantly different (chi2 = 34.65; df = 1, P < 0.001). In 2003, 7 RVFV strains were isolated from Cx. poicilipes (3, MIR = 0.03), Mansonia africana (2, MIR = 0.08), Ae. fowleri (1), and Ma. uniformis (1, MIR = 0.05). The 3 latter species were found to be associated with RVFV for the 1st time in Senegal. A significant decrease in MIR was observed from 2002 to 2003 (chi2 6.28; df = 1, P = 0.01) for Cx. poicilipes, the only species involved in the transmission during the 2 sampling years. PMID:23833896

Ba, Y; Sall, A A; Diallo, D; Mondo, M; Girault, L; Dia, I; Diallo, M

2012-09-01

161

Florida School Readiness Performance Standards for Three-, Four-, and Five-Year-Old Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Florida Partnership for School Readiness, created as a result of the Florida School Readiness Act in 1999, is charged with adopting a system for measuring school readiness and developing school readiness performance standards and outcome measures. This guide presents school readiness performance standards for 3-, 4-, and 5-year-olds and is the…

2002

162

Maine Business School Five year MBA Agreement with Department of Mechanical Engineering, College of Engineering  

E-print Network

Maine Business School Five year MBA ­ Agreement with Department of Mechanical Engineering, College of Engineering Please see: http://mbs.maine.edu/~mba_msa/five_year_partners.htm The Maine Business School has to the Maine Business School MBA page. The Maine Business School graduate program office agrees to

Thomas, Andrew

163

Effects of Hyporheic Exchange Flows on Egg Pocket Water Temperature in Snake River Fall Chinook Salmon Spawning Areas, 2002-2003 Final Report.  

SciTech Connect

The development of the Snake River hydroelectric system has affected fall Chinook salmon smolts by shifting their migration timing to a period (mid- to late-summer) when downstream reservoir conditions are unfavorable for survival. Subsequent to the Snake River Chinook salmon fall-run Evolutionary Significant Unit being listed as Threatened under the Endangered Species Act, recovery planning has included changes in hydrosystem operations (e.g., summer flow augmentation) to improve water temperature and flow conditions during the juvenile Chinook salmon summer migration period. In light of the limited water supplies from the Dworshak reservoir for summer flow augmentation, and the associated uncertainties regarding benefits to migrating fall Chinook salmon smolts, additional approaches for improved smolt survival need to be evaluated. This report describes research conducted by the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) that evaluated relationships among river discharge, hyporheic zone characteristics, and egg pocket water temperature in Snake River fall Chinook salmon spawning areas. This was a pilot-scale study to evaluate these relationships under existing operations of Hells Canyon Dam (i.e., without any prescribed manipulations of river discharge) during the 2002-2003 water year. The project was initiated in the context of examining the potential for improving juvenile Snake River fall Chinook salmon survival by modifying the discharge operations of Hells Canyon Dam. The potential for improved survival would be gained by increasing the rate at which early life history events proceed (i.e., incubation and emergence), thereby allowing smolts to migrate through downstream reservoirs during early- to mid-summer when river conditions are more favorable for survival. PNNL implemented this research project at index sites throughout 160 km of the Hells Canyon Reach (HCR) of the Snake River. The HCR extends from Hells Canyon Dam (river kilometer [rkm] 399) downstream to the upper end of Lower Granite Reservoir near rkm 240. We randomly selected 14 fall Chinook salmon spawning locations as study sites, which represents 25% of the most used spawning areas throughout the HCR. Interactions between river water and pore water within the riverbed (i.e., hyporheic zone) at each site were quantified through the use of self-contained temperature and water level data loggers suspended inside of piezometers. Surrounding the piezometer cluster at each site were 3 artificial egg pockets. In mid-November 2002, early-eyed stage fall Chinook salmon eggs were placed inside of perforated polyvinyl chloride (PVC) tubes, along with a temperature data logger, and buried within the egg pockets. Fall Chinook salmon eggs were also incubated in the laboratory for the purpose of developing growth curves that could be used as indicators of emergence timing. The effects of discharge on vertical hydrologic exchange between the river and riverbed were inferred from measured temperature gradients between the river and riverbed, and the application of a numerical model. The hydrologic regime during the 2002-2003 sampling period exhibited one of the lowest, most stable daily discharge patterns of any of the previous 12 water years. The vertical hydraulic gradients (VHG) between the river and the riverbed suggested the potential for predominantly small magnitude vertical exchange. The VHG also showed little relationship to changes in river discharge at most sites. Despite the relatively small vertical hydraulic gradients at most sites, results from the numerical modeling of riverbed pore water velocity and hyporheic zone temperatures suggested that there was significant vertical hydrologic exchange during all time periods. The combined results of temperature monitoring and numerical modeling indicate that only 2 of 14 sites were significantly affected by short-term (hourly to daily) large magnitude changes in discharge. Although the two sites exhibited acute flux reversals between river water and hyporheic water resulting from short-term large magnitude

Hanrahan, T.; Geist, D.; Arntzen, C. (Pacific Northwest National Laboratory)

2004-09-01

164

School Crowding, Year-Round Schooling, and Mobile Classroom Use: Evidence from North Carolina  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study exploits a unique policy environment and a large panel dataset to evaluate the impact of school crowding on student achievement in Wake County, NC. We also estimate the effects of two education policy initiatives that are often used to address crowding: multi-track year-round calendars and mobile classrooms. We estimate a multi-level…

McMullen, Steven C.; Rouse, Kathryn E.

2012-01-01

165

Montana School Nutrition Programs Free and Reduced Price Participation Data, 2003-04 School Year  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report provides a count of all students in Montana public and nonpublic schools who are eligible to receive free and reduced price benefits for meals and milk. Because the data presented in this report are frozen on December 31, there may be missing values as well as late corrections for a given year because data came in later than that date.

McCulloch, Linda

2004-01-01

166

The Friendly Schools Friendly Families Programme: Three-Year Bullying Behaviour Outcomes in Primary School Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: This three-year group randomized controlled trial assessed whether a multi-age, multi-level bullying prevention and intervention with staff capacity building, can reduce bullying among primary school children. Methods: This study comprised two intervention and one comparison conditions. Student self-report data were collected from 2552…

Cross, Donna; Waters, Stacey; Pearce, Natasha; Shaw, Therese; Hall, Margaret; Erceg, Erin; Burns, Sharyn; Roberts, Clare; Hamilton, Greg

2012-01-01

167

Trajectories of Anxiety during Elementary-School Years and the Prediction of High School Noncompletion  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Previous research has provided mixed results regarding the effect of anxiety on academic achievement. Building on this body of research, the present longitudinal study pursued two goals. The first goal was to describe trajectories of anxiety during elementary-school years. The second goal was to determine the predictive value of these trajectories…

Duchesne, Stephane; Vitaro, Frank; Larose, Simon; Tremblay, Richard E.

2008-01-01

168

Changes in Middle School Students' Motivation toward Physical Education over One School Year  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated the relationships and mean-level changes of middle school students' motivation (expectancy-related beliefs, task values, self-efficacy, and outcome expectancy) toward physical education over time, and how gender affected students' motivation. Participants (N = 206) completed questionnaires over a 1-year period: once in the…

Gao, Zan; Lee, Amelia M.; Solmon, Melinda; Zhang, Tao

2009-01-01

169

School House Hype: Two Years Later. Policy Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 1998, the Justice Policy Institute published "School House Hype: School Shootings and the Real Risks Kids Face," a report that examined the issue of school safety, and concluded that schools are the safest places for children to be. This report, inspired in part by recent school shootings, attempts to place the question of school violence and…

Brooks, Kim; Schiraldi, Vincent; Zeidenberg, Jason

170

Changing the School Year: The Texas Experience in Moving to a Twelve-Grade Academic Program  

E-print Network

Today’s American public school student begins schooling with the anticipation of kindergarten, and perhaps some preschool, followed by twelve grades. The senior year is the twelfth grade, the traditional exit year for most students in most states...

Watlington, Kathryn

2014-07-13

171

Health Education in Primary School Textbooks in Iran in School Year 2010–2011  

PubMed Central

Objectives: Health education in schools is one of the most effective ways of promoting health in a society. Studies have shown the effectiveness of health interventions aimed at improving students’ knowledge, attitude, and behaviors about health issues. The aim of this study was to evaluate health issues in primary school textbooks in Iran. Materials and Methods: In school year 2010–2011, the contents of all primary school textbooks in Iran were assessed in accordance to their health-related teachings. Health lessons of these 27 textbooks in the form of picture and text were retrieved and analyzed using content analysis method. Results: In total, 502 health-related lessons were found. The textbooks of the third grade contained the highest (144) and those of the fourth grade had the lowest (26) number of health lessons. Among health-related issues, the largest number (87) of lessons were about personal hygiene, while prevention of high risk behaviors comprised the least number (8). Some important health issues such as nutrition, oral health, and prevention of high-risk behaviors were not adequately discussed in the textbooks. Conclusion: The potential of primary school textbooks in delivering health messages has been neglected in Iran. Taking the critical importance of school ages into account, incorporating health issues in textbooks should be more strongly emphasized.

Kazemian, Reza; Ghasemi, Hadi; Movahhed, Taraneh; Kazemian, Ali

2014-01-01

172

The Role of School Leadership in the Implementation of the Transition Year Programme in Ireland  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Introducing an educational innovation into any school context involves some challenge to existing practices. Transition Year is an innovative, optional, one-year programme taken by approximately half the 15-16-year age cohort in schools in the Republic of Ireland. Based on data from an extensive study of TY operating in six different schools,…

Jeffers, Gerry

2010-01-01

173

Three-Year Results of the Friendly Schools Whole-of-School Intervention on Children's Bullying Behaviour  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A group randomized controlled trial tested the efficacy of the Friendly Schools program to reduce student bullying behaviour. This socio-ecological intervention targeted the whole school, classroom, family, and individual students to reduce bullying behaviour. Self-report data were collected in 29 schools over three years from a cohort of 1968…

Cross, Donna; Monks, Helen; Hall, Marg; Shaw, Therese; Pintabona, Yolanda; Erceg, Erin; Hamilton, Greg; Roberts, Clare; Waters, Stacey; Lester, Leanne

2011-01-01

174

Public Elementary and Secondary Education Statistics: School Year 1996-97. Early Estimates.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The estimates in this publication are key statistics reported before the close of the 1996-97 school year. They include the number of students in membership, teachers, and high school graduates for public elementary and secondary schools, and total revenues and expenditures for the operation of public elementary and secondary schools. The public…

McDowell, Lena M.

175

Changes in Weight over the School Year and Summer Vacation: Results of a 5-Year Longitudinal Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Evidence suggests that children gain more weight during the summer months compared with the school year. To examine the impact of the school and summer environment on children's weight further, we conducted a 5-year longitudinal study examining changes in standardized BMI (zBMI) of students entering kindergarten. Methods: Heights…

Moreno, Jennette P.; Johnston, Craig A.; Woehler, Deborah

2013-01-01

176

Revenues and Expenditures for Public Elementary and Secondary School Districts: School Year 2009-10 (Fiscal Year 2010): First Look. NCES 2013-307  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report presents data from the School District Finance Survey (F-33) of the Common Core of Data (CCD) survey system for school year (SY) 2009-10, fiscal year 2010 (FY 10). The F-33 is a district-level financial survey that consists of data submitted annually to the National Center for Education Statistics (NCES) and the Governments Division of…

Cornman, Stephen Q.

2013-01-01

177

Alaska Education Directory, School Year 1999-2000.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This 1999-2000 directory provides information on Alaska's public schools, school districts, education organizations, and institutions of higher education. A statistical summary indicates that in 1998-99, Alaska enrolled 132,905 students in 503 public schools. Breakdowns by grade configuration and enrollment show that about half the schools served…

Alaska State Dept. of Education, Juneau.

178

Push Is on to Add Time to School Day, Year  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Policymakers are promoting expanded learning time to help low-performing students, but the know-how and resources for implementation are lacking. Providence's expanded-school-day pilot is a partnership between the school district and the Providence After School Alliance, a nonprofit that manages after-school programs for low-income students in…

Fleming, Nora

2011-01-01

179

Black Mesa Community School: Ten Years Later. A Progress Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Black Mesa Community School, serving elementary school children in an isolated district of the Arizona Navajo reservation, represents the first step in Indian self-determination for area Navajos. The school is the result of community efforts begun in 1972 with a petition to operate a full-time school program for grades K-4 at Kitsilee.…

Black Mesa Community School Board, Inc., Chinle, AZ.

180

School Reopened as Charter Under NCLB Winds Up Year 1  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As chronically underperforming schools around the country get to the point that the No Child Left Behind Act requires dramatic action, very few have gone the charter route. But Gompers Charter Middle School is one of three such San Diego schools that were shut down and reopened as charters. This article briefly discusses the steps this school took…

Robelen, Erik W.

2006-01-01

181

Blank Slate: The Story of A Charter School's First Year  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This Website posts articles from the New York Times' ongoing series on a charter school in the Bronx established last Fall. In addition to showcasing regular feature articles from the Times about the school's students, teachers, administrators, and environment, the site offers copies of the school's original charter documents, examples of students' written work, lesson plans, faculty bios, the school's newsletter, and video selections from the school's Martin Luther King Jr. Birthday Celebration. Also posted are state-by-state data on charter schools and a graph showing the growth of charter schools nationwide. The site serves as a fine journalistic case study.

Wilgoren, Jodi.

182

Close temporal correspondence between geomagnetic anomalies and earthquakes during the 2002-2003 eruption of Etna volcano  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The early stages of the 2002-2003 lateral eruption at Mount Etna were accompanied by slow changes (over some hours) and some rapid step offsets in the local magnetic field. At five monitoring locations, the total magnetic field intensity has been measured using continuously operating Overhauser magnetometers at a sampling rate of 10 s. The very unique aspect of these observations is the close temporal correspondence between magnetic field offsets and earthquakes that occurred in the upper northern flank of the volcano on 27 October 2002 prior to a primary eruption. Rapid coseismic changes of the magnetic field were clearly identified for three of the most energetic earthquakes, which were concentrated along the Northeast Rift at a depth of about 1 km below sea level. Coseismic magnetic signals, with amplitudes from 0.5 to 2.5 nT, have been detected for three of the largest seismic events located roughly midway between the magnetic stations. We quantitatively examine possible geophysical mechanisms, which could cause the magnetic anomalies. The comparison between magnetic data, seismicity and surface phenomena implies that piezomagnetic effects are the primary physical mechanism responsible for the observed magnetic anomalies although the detailed cause of the rapid high stress change required is not clear. The modeling of the observed coseismic magnetic changes in terms of piezomagnetic mechanism provides further evidence of the complex interaction between volcanic and tectonic processes during dike propagation along the Northeast Rift. Copyright 2007 by the American Geophysical Union.

Currenti, G.; Del, Negro C.; Johnston, M.; Sasai, Y.

2007-01-01

183

Statewide Evaluation of Year-Round and Extended-Day Schools. Executive Summary.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report summarizes the statewide evaluation of Utah's year-round and extended-day schools, two scheduling models developed to expand the capacity of existing school facilities to serve the needs of a burgeoning student population in some Utah school districts. When asked about their family's experience with year-round education, a substantial…

Utah State Board of Education, Salt Lake City.

184

Finding Ways to Effectively Use Year 12 Achievement Data to Inform Practice in Secondary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This action research explored how Year 12 achievement data were used by school personnel to inform practice within seven Catholic secondary schools. Deputy Principals of Curriculum from participating schools were interviewed regarding their perceptions of the improvement of Year 12 student achievement outcomes, and their insights into how to…

Italiano, Frank; Hine, Gregory

2014-01-01

185

Factors Influencing Classroom Behavioral Engagement during the First Year at School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present study examined child and school factors that might foster classroom behavioral engagement during the first year at school in a sample of 67 typically developing British 4-year-olds. The children were followed for 9 months from the summer before enrollment through the first 7 months of school. Our findings showed that effortful control…

Yang, Pei-Jung; Lamb, Michael E.

2014-01-01

186

Year-Round Schools. School Leadership Digest Series, Number One. ERIC/CEM Research Analysis Series, Number Three.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The first of a series of 13 monthly reports, this paper reviews the issue of the year-round school -- a variety of calendar changes aimed at increasing the educational and economic efficiency of the school system. The author first reviews the major pros and cons of the year-round controversy, focusing on the questions of potential learning…

Schofield, Dee

187

Understanding Environmental Literacy in America and Making It a Reality: Three-Year Report 2002/2003/2004  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research by the National Environmental Education & Training Foundation (NEETF) and Roper Public Affairs at NOP World tells that the average 12th grader (and by extension, the average adult) still falls far short of what would be considered "environmentally literate" by anyone's definition. Seemingly elementary questions elude most of the public:…

National Environmental Education & Training Foundation, 2005

2005-01-01

188

High School Transfer Students and the Transition to College: Timing and the Structure of the School Year  

PubMed Central

The timing of a high school transfer may shape students’ transitions to college through its (mis)alignment with the structure of the school year. A transfer that occurs during the summer interrupts the four-year high school career, whereas a transfer that occurs midyear disrupts both the four-year high school career and the structure of the school year. Using the Education Longitudinal Study of 2002 (ELS), the investigators find that the penalty suffered after the transfer depends on the degree to which students’ high school pathways synchronize with the curricular and extracurricular structure of the school year. Midyear transfer students appear to suffer the greatest postsecondary matriculation penalty. Students who transfer midyear are less likely to attend a four-year college compared with nontransfer and summer transfer students, whereas summer transfer students are less likely to attend a highly selective four-year college compared with their nontransfer counterparts. Curricular and extracurricular disruptions that transfer students experience after their school move explain some, but not all, of the negative associations observed between transferring and the transition to college. Directions for future research and the theoretical and policy implications of the results are discussed. PMID:24683277

Sutton, April; Muller, Chandra; Langenkamp, Amy G.

2013-01-01

189

Stronger School Transitions Improve Student Achievement: A Final Report on a Three-Year Demonstration Project "Strengthening School Transitions for Students K-13".  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This demonstration project sought, over a period of 3 years, to improve students' school achievement by strengthening the transitions that students make during their years of schooling K-13. These troublesome transition points, generally acknowledged to be home to school, elementary to middle school or junior high, middle level school to high…

Weldy, Gilbert R., Ed.

190

An Evaluation of Characteristics of Environmental Education Practice in New Zealand Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reports on a national evaluation project that investigated characteristics of environmental education (EE) practice in New Zealand schools in 2002-2003. The research included a review of New Zealand and international environmental education literature, a survey of nearly 200 New Zealand schools and case studies of environmental…

Eames, Chris; Cowie, Bronwen; Bolstad, Rachel

2008-01-01

191

A Tale of Two Connecticuts: 2002-2003 Kids Count Data Book.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This Kids Count Data book details trends in the well-being of Connecticut's children. The statistical portrait is based on 23 indicators in the areas of demographics, security, health, education, and safety. This year's new format presents the data at the county and town levels, covering 169 municipalities and 8 counties. The data book begins with…

Osuch, Donna S.; Horan, James P.

192

Central Falls High School: First Year Transformation Report  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In January 2010, the Rhode Island Department of Education (RIDE) identified Central Falls High School (CFHS) as one of the state's persistently lowest-achieving schools. The Central Falls School District (CFSD) and the Central Falls Teachers Union (CFTU) considered the transformation model but could not come to an agreement initially around…

Burns, Amy; Whitney, Joye; Shah, Hardeek; Foley, Ellen; Dure, Elsa

2011-01-01

193

Protect and Restore Lolo Creek Watershed, 2002-2003 Annual Report.  

SciTech Connect

The Nez Perce Tribe Department of Fisheries Resource Management, Watershed Division approaches watershed restoration with a ridge-top to ridge-top approach. Watershed restoration projects within the Lolo Creek watershed are coordinated with the Clearwater National Forest and Potlatch Corporation. The Nez Perce Tribe began watershed restoration projects within the Lolo Creek watershed of the Clearwater River in 1996. Progress has been made in restoring the watershed by excluding cattle from critical riparian areas through fencing, stabilizing streambanks, decommissioning roads, and upgrading culverts. During the years 2000-2003, trees were planted in riparian areas of headwater streams to Lolo Creek. Inventory of culverts is an on-going practice, being completed by sub-drainage, and are being prioritized for replacement to accommodate fish passage and 100-year flow events throughout the watershed. Tribal crews completed maintenance to the previously built fence.

McRoberts, Heidi (Nez Perce Tribe, Department of Fisheries Resource Management, Lapwai, ID)

2004-01-01

194

Stability and Change in Rural Youths’ Educational outcomes through the Middle and High School Years  

PubMed Central

There is a dearth of literature that examines rural youths’ school transition and adaptation over the middle and high school years. Given rural education challenges, this study examines rural youths’ developmental trajectories of self-reported grades and affective and behavioral educational outcomes (i.e., school belonging, value of education, school misbehavior, and extracurricular activity participation). The cohort-sequential study consisted of 3,312 African American and White youth (50% female) who were surveyed over three and a half years, including the transition to high school. The results reveal significant changes in the outcomes from sixth to twelfth grade. For example, on average, school misbehavior increased over time while perceived school belonging decreased over time. Gender and race differences emerged; African American youth reported placing higher importance on education and less participation in school activities than White youth. The discussion focuses on the importance of examining rural adolescents’ educational pathways during the high school transition. PMID:21140200

Witherspoon, Dawn; Ennett, Susan

2014-01-01

195

Lake Roosevelt Volunteer Net Pens, Lake Roosevelt Rainbow Trout Net Pens, 2002-2003 Annual Report.  

SciTech Connect

The completion of Grand Coulee Dam for power production, flood control, and irrigation resulted in the creation of a blocked area above the dam and in the loss of anadromous fish. Because of lake level fluctuations required to meet the demands for water release or storage, native or indigenous fish were often threatened. For many years very little effort was given to stocking the waters above the dam. However, studies by fish biologists showed that there was a good food base capable of supporting rainbow and kokanee (Gangmark and Fulton 1949, Jagielo 1984, Scholz etal 1986, Peone etal 1990). Further studies indicated that artificial production might be a way of restoring or enhancing the fishery. In the 1980's volunteers experimented with net pens. The method involved putting fingerlings in net pens in the fall and rearing them into early summer before release. The result was an excellent harvest of healthy fish. The use of net pens to hold the fingerlings for approximately nine months appears to reduce predation and the possibility of entrainment during draw down and to relieve the hatcheries to open up available raceways for future production. The volunteer net pen program grew for a few years but raising funds to maintain the pens and purchase food became more and more difficult. In 1995 the volunteer net pen project (LRDA) was awarded a grant through the Northwest Power Planning Council's artificial production provisions.

Smith, Gene

2003-11-01

196

Hood River Monitoring and Evaluation Project, Annual Report 2002-2003.  

SciTech Connect

The Hood River Production Program Monitoring and Evaluation Project is co-managed by the Confederated Tribes of Warm Springs (CTWSRO) and the Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife. The program is divided up to share responsibilities, provide efficiency, and avoid duplication. From October 2002 to September 2003 (FY 03) project strategies were implemented to monitor, protect, and restore anadromous fish and fish habitat in the Hood River subbasin. A description of the progress during FY 03 is reported here. Additionally an independent review of the entire program was completed in 2003. The purpose of the review was to determine if project goals and actions were achieved, look at critical uncertainties for present and future actions, determine cost effectiveness, and choose remedies that would increase program success. There were some immediate changes to the implementation of the project, but the bulk of the recommendations will be realized in coming years.

Vaivoda, Alexis

2004-02-01

197

Restore McComas Watershed; Meadow Creek Watershed, 2002-2003 Annual Report.  

SciTech Connect

The Nez Perce Tribe Department of Fisheries Resource Management, Watershed Division approaches watershed restoration with a ridge-top to ridge-top approach. Watershed restoration projects within the Meadow Creek watershed are coordinated with the Nez Perce National Forest. The Nez Perce Tribe began watershed restoration projects within the Meadow Creek watershed of the South Fork Clearwater River in 1996. Progress has been made in restoring the watershed by excluding cattle from critical riparian areas through fencing. During years 2000-2003, trees were planted in riparian areas within the meadow and its tributaries. Culverts have been prioritized for replacement to accommodate fish passage throughout the watershed. Designs for replacement are being coordinated with the Nez Perce National Forest. Twenty miles of road were contracted for decommissioning. Tribal crews completed maintenance to the previously built fence.

McRoberts, Heidi (Nez Perce Tribe, Department of Fisheries Resource Management, Lapwai, ID)

2004-01-01

198

Wind River Watershed Restoration Project; Underwood Conservation District, Annual Report 2002-2003.  

SciTech Connect

The goal of the Wind River project is to preserve, protect and restore Wind River steelhead. In March, 1998, the National Marine Fisheries Service listed the steelhead of the lower Columbia as 'threatened' under the Endangered Species Act. In 1997, the Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife rated the status of the Wind River summer run steelhead as critical. Due to the status of this stock, the Wind River summer steelhead have the highest priority for recovery and restoration in the state of Washington's Lower Columbia Steelhead Conservation Initiative. The Wind River Project includes four cooperating agencies. Those are the Underwood Conservation District (UCD), United States Geological Service (USGS), US Forest Service (USFS), and Washington State Department of Fish & Wildlife (WDFW). Tasks include monitoring steelhead populations (USGS and WDFW), Coordinating a Watershed Committee and Technical Advisory Group (UCD), evaluating physical habitat conditions (USFS and UCD), assessing watershed health (all), reducing road sediments sources (USFS), rehabilitating riparian corridors, floodplains, and channel geometry (UCD, USFS), evaluate removal of Hemlock Dam (USFS), and promote local watershed stewardship (UCD, USFS). UCD's major efforts have included coordination of the Wind River Watershed Committee and Technical Advisory Committee (TAC), water temperature and water chemistry monitoring, riparian habitat improvement projects, and educational activities. Our coordination work enables the local Watershed Committee and TAC to function and provide essential input to Agencies, and our habitat improvement work focuses on riparian revegetation. Water chemistry and temperature data collection provide information for monitoring watershed conditions and fish habitat, and are comparable with data gathered in previous years. Water chemistry information collected on Trout Creek should, with 2 years data, determine whether pH levels make conditions favorable for a fish parasite, Heteropolaria lwoffi. Educational activities further the likelihood that future generations will continue to understand and enjoy the presence of native fish stocks in the Wind River basin.

White, Jim

2004-02-01

199

FORTY YEARS OF SCHOOL PLANT DISSERTATIONS. A REVIEW WITH SUGGESTIONS FOR FUTURE RESEARCH.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A BIBLIOGRAPHIC REVIEW OF PUBLISHED AND UNPUBLISHED DISSERTATIONS RELATED TO SCHOOL PLANTS IS COMPILED BY YEARS BEGINNING WITH STUDIES PRODUCED IN 1921 AND IS CROSS INDEXED BY TOPIC. IT REVIEWS THE SCHOOL PLANT PROBLEMS MOST INVESTIGATED BY STUDENTS. A BRIEF HISTORY OF SCHOOL BUILDING DEVELOPMENT IS PRESENTED IN LIGHT OF CORRESPONDING ECONOMIC AND…

CLASEN, ROBERT E.

200

A Study of Charter Schools. First-Year Report, 1997. Executive Summary.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In response to widespread demands for better public education and for more choice among public schools, a number of state legislatures in the early 1990s permitted educators and local communities to develop "charter" schools. This report presents the first-year findings of the National Study of Charter Schools, sponsored by the U.S. Department of…

Minnesota Univ., Minneapolis. Center for Applied Research and Educational Improvement.

201

A Public-Private Partnership, Year Two: South Pointe Elementary School.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

South Pointe Elementary School in Miami, Florida, was the first public-private educational partnership in the United States. It opened in September 1991 as a collaboration between Education Alternatives (EAI), Inc., a private for-profit educational company, and Dade County Public Schools. The 5-year contract stipulated that the school would…

Peeler, Thomas H.

202

The Potential Impact of Undiagnosed Vision Impairment on Reading Development in the Early Years of School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents a critical review of the literature surrounding the potential impact of undiagnosed and untreated vision impairment on reading development in the early years of primary school. Despite pre-school screening programmes, it is still possible for children to enter school with undiagnosed, uncorrected vision impairments. This can…

Thurston, Allen

2014-01-01

203

Early College High School Initiative. Evaluation Year End Report: 2003?2004  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This is the first year-end report produced as part of the on-going evaluation of the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation's Early College High School Initiative. The program provides funding and support for the establishment of Early College High Schools, which are organized to allow all enrolled students the opportunity to earn a high school diploma…

Berger, Andrea R.; Cole, Susan; Melton, Janet; Safran, Stephanie; Vogel, Tyler; Walton, Laura; Adelman, Nancy; Hall, Catherine; Keating, Kaelie Knowles; Murray, Samantha; Nielsen, Natalie; Schaffner, Monika

2005-01-01

204

Forty Years of Finnish Pre-School Education: The Development of Curricula between 1972 and 2000  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Since 2001 in Finland, all six year olds have had the right to free pre-school education, and almost all pre-school-aged children take advantage of this opportunity. The purpose of this article is to dissect the development of Finnish pre-school education curricula within the societal context and within the changes in trends of curriculum planning…

Turunen, Tuija A.; Maatta, Kaarina; Uusiautti, Satu

2012-01-01

205

Preventing and Responding to Bullying: An Elementary School's 4-Year Journey  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Bullying continues to be a pervasive problem in schools and requires a schoolwide approach. This article describes the action research process used to examine the impact of a 4-year, K-5 school bullying prevention and intervention. The school counselors collaborated with students, staff, and parents to implement the program, and collected and…

McCormac, Mary E.

2015-01-01

206

Middle School Teacher and Student Ethnicity in Texas: A MultiYear Statewide Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this investigation, relationships between teacher ethnicity and student ethnicity in Texas public middle schools were examined. Through the Texas Education Agency Academic Excellence Indicator System, publicly available data on all public middle schools in Texas for the 1999-2000 through 2009-2010 school years were downloaded. Statistically…

Bone, Jamie; Slate, John R.; Martinez-Garcia, Cynthia

2011-01-01

207

A Curriculum for a Three Year High School Science Research Program  

Microsoft Academic Search

A three-year high school science research program has been taught in Woodbridge Township School District - Woodbridge, New Jersey, since 1987. The program's focus is to foster originial science research projects for high school students that have shown an aptitude and an interest in science. Students are instructed in basic research skills, including developing and conducting original research projects, statistical

F. Darytichen; J. Danch

2003-01-01

208

Proposition 2-1/2 and Massachusetts Schools: A Citizen Assessment of the First Year.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Labeled a "citizen assessment," this study evaluates the effects of Massachusetts 2-1/2 during the first year after its enactment. The law limited taxes and changed laws relating to school budgets. The study focused on two areas: (1) the effect of loss of fiscal autonomy on school budgeting procedures, and (2) the changes in school spending…

Shiman, Paul L.

209

Modified School Years: An Important Issue of Local Control of Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Modified school years in First Nation schools contextualize the learning process by allowing student participation in traditional, seasonal, outdoor activities. Two case studies in which Hudson Bay area school officials unilaterally reintroduced the conventional calendar illustrate the important roles that First Nations education authorities can…

Tsuji, Leonard J. S.

2000-01-01

210

Beyond High School, before Baccalaureate: Meaningful Alternatives to a Four-Year Degree  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents 2011 edition of "Diplomas Count" which explores career-related study pathways for students that lie in the space between a high school diploma and a four-year degree-options such as community college, "early college," or high school career training that leads to occupational certification. It looks as well at what high schools

Education Week, 2011

2011-01-01

211

Annual Report: Discipline, Crime, and Violence, School Year 2009-2010  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The "Code of Virginia" requires school divisions statewide to submit data to the Virginia Department of Education (VDOE) on incidents of discipline, crime, and violence (DCV). School divisions began reporting such data in 1991. This annual report focuses primarily on DCV data submitted for school year 2009-2010, with selected comparisons to prior…

Virginia Department of Education, 2011

2011-01-01

212

Annual Report: Discipline, Crime, and Violence, School Year 2008-2009  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The "Code of Virginia" requires school divisions statewide to submit data to the Virginia Department of Education (VDOE) on incidents of discipline, crime, and violence (DCV). School divisions began reporting such data in 1991. This annual report focuses primarily on DCV data submitted for school year 2008-2009, with selected comparisons to prior…

Virginia Department of Education, 2011

2011-01-01

213

How Is the Approach to Teaching at Secondary School Related to First-Year University Achievement?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study presented here is an elaboration on recent educational effectiveness research focusing on long-term school effects. Central in this study is the approach to teaching at secondary schools and its relation to student perception of the fit between school and university and 1st-year academic achievement. Based on previous research, a coding…

Torenbeek, Marjolein; Jansen, Ellen P. W. A.; Hofman, W. H. Adriaan

2011-01-01

214

Walla Walla River Basin Fish Habitat Enhancement Project, 2002-2003 Annual Report.  

SciTech Connect

In 2002 and 2003, the Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation (CTUIR) Fisheries Habitat Program implemented stream habitat restoration and protection efforts on private properties in the Walla Walla River Basin with funding from Bonneville Power Administration (BPA). The objective of this effort is to protect and restore habitat critical to the recovery of weak or reintroduced populations of salmonid fish. The CTUIR has currently enrolled nine properties into this program: two on Couse Creek, two adjacent properties on Blue Creek, one on Patit Creek, and four properties on the mainstem Walla Walla River. Major accomplishments during the reporting period include the following: (1) Secured approximately $229,000 in project cost share; (2) Purchase of 46 acres on the mainstem Walla Walla River to be protected perpetually for native fish and wildlife; (3) Developed three new 15 year conservation easements with private landowners; (4) Installed 3000 feet of weed barrier tarp with new plantings within project area on the mainstem Walla Walla River; (5) Expanded easement area on Couse Creek to include an additional 0.5 miles of stream corridor and 32 acres of upland habitat; (6) Restored 12 acres on the mainstem Walla Walla River and 32 acres on Couse Creek to native perennial grasses; and (7) Installed 50,000+ new native plants/cuttings within project areas.

Volkman, Jed (Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation, Pendleton, OR)

2005-12-01

215

Reestablish Safe Access into Tributaries of the Yakima Subbasin, 2002-2003 Progress Report.  

SciTech Connect

''Safe Access'' work has concentrated on the lower portions of five drainages in the Upper Yakima Basin. Streams in the Kittitas Valley include Wilson Creek, Naneum and Little Naneum Creeks, Reecer and Currier Creeks, and Manastash Creek. Tucker Creek is tributary to the Yakima River near Easton, Washington to the northwest. For numerous reasons delays in project implementation have occurred. Unclear water rights have resulted in long delays; however, permitting delays, general landowner reluctance to commit to any deviation from past practices, and lengthy legal review have all been factors. Realistic work windows are short and do not coincide well with fiscal year planning and contract renewals. The following is a summary of the projects anticipated under ''Safe Access'' that the Yakama Nation thought would be funded by BPA via carry-forward/over monies. Preparatory work toward construction in '03 was done for projects in the Wilson, Naneum and Tucker Creek systems; feasibility studies were done in the Manastash and Reecer systems by Montgomery Watson Harza (MWH) relative to screening and passage options and associated costs.

Fraser, Hank (Yakama Nation Fisheries, Toppenish, WA)

2003-03-01

216

Reestablish Safe Access into Tributaries of the Yakima Subbasin, Progress Report 2002-2003.  

SciTech Connect

Safe Access work has concentrated on the lower portions of five drainages in the Upper Yakima Basin. Streams in the Kittitas Valley include Wilson Creek, Naneum and Little Naneum Creeks, Reecer and Currier Creeks, and Manastash Creek. Tucker Creek is tributary to the Yakima River near Easton, Washington to the northwest. For numerous reasons delays in project implementation have occurred. Unclear water rights have resulted in long delays; however, permitting delays, general landowner reluctance to commit to any deviation from past practices, and lengthy legal review have all been factors. Realistic work windows are short and do not coincide well with fiscal year planning and contract renewals. The following is a summary of the projects anticipated under Safe Access that the Yakama Nation thought would be funded by BPA via carry-forward/over monies. Preparatory work toward construction in 03 was done for projects in the Wilson, Naneum and Tucker Creek systems; feasibility studies were done in the Manastash and Reecer systems by Montgomery Watson Harza (MWH) relative to screening and passage options and associated costs.

Fraser, Hank

2003-03-01

217

Strategy 17: NovaNET Online Learning System Year 2 Program Evaluation. Wake County Public School System Safe Schools Grant.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 1997, the Wake County Public Schools, North Carolina, began a 3-year community-wide collaboration between existing programs and agencies expressly intended to coordinate efforts to serve at-risk children and their families. The Safe Schools Healthy Students grant program was built on 17 strategies aimed at addressing risk. Strategy 17 called…

Faircloth, Beverly S.; O'Sullivan, Rita

218

Revenues and Expenditures by Public School Districts: School Year 2002-03. E.D. TAB. NCES 2006-312  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This short report on revenues and expenditures at the school district level is a companion to the state-level E.D. TAB, Revenues and Expenditures for Public Elementary and Secondary Education: School Year 2002-03 (NCES 2005-353R), which presents total state and national spending on public elementary and secondary education. This report provides…

Hill, Jason; Johnson, Frank

2005-01-01

219

LUND UNIVERSITY SCHOOL OF INDUSTRIAL DESIGN The School of Industrial Design at Lund University offers a 2-year international Master's  

E-print Network

MFA LUND UNIVERSITY SCHOOL OF INDUSTRIAL DESIGN The School of Industrial Design at Lund University offers a 2-year international Master's programme in Industrial Design. The programme has three foci: Living & Behaviour, Form & Technology and Man & Nature. The curriculum consists of individual industrial

220

An Evaluation of the Model School Division (MSD) Preschool Program for the School Year 1973-74.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study was designed to assess the extent to which children served by the Model Schools Division Preschool Program developed socially, intellectually, physically and emotionally during the 1973-74 school year. This evaluation was also designed to measure the appropriateness of the learning environment and the amount of services provided by the…

District of Columbia Public Schools, Washington, DC. Dept. of Research and Evaluation.

221

Teachers' Perceptions about Their Quality of School Life According to Their School Setting, Gender and Years of Teaching Experience.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A team of researchers from the University of Tennessee at Knoxville is in its tenth year of working with individual schools to improve the quality of life within educational communities. This paper reports on the current Quality of School Life (QSL) study conducted to assess teachers' perceived levels of satisfaction with the quality of their…

Kershaw, C.; And Others

222

School related stress in early adolescence and academic performance three years later: the conditional influence of self expectations  

Microsoft Academic Search

The hypothesis was tested that educational expectations of junior high school students in interaction with school-related stress during early adolescence would adversely affect grades during high school. Multiple regression analyses of data from home interviews of 1034 students during junior high school and 3 years later during high school supported the hypothesis that early adolescent school-related stress both independently and

Diane S. Kaplan; Ruth X. Liu; Howard B. Kaplan

2005-01-01

223

Unauthorized Border Crossings and Migrant Deaths: Arizona, New Mexico, and El Paso, Texas, 2002–2003  

PubMed Central

Objectives. We examined the major causes of and risk factors for death among migrants who died while making unauthorized border crossings into the United States from Mexico. Methods. Decedents were included in the study if (1) their remains were found between January 1, 2002, and December 31, 2003, in any US county along the 650-mi (1040-km) section of the US–Mexican border from Yuma, Ariz, to El Paso, Tex; (2) their immigration status was unauthorized; and (3) they were believed to have died during transit from Mexico to the United States. Characteristics of the decedents and causes of and risk factors for their deaths were examined. Results. Among the 409 decedents meeting our inclusion criteria, environmental heat exposure (n=250; 61.1%) was the leading cause of death, followed by vehicle crashes (n=33; 8.1%) and drownings (n=24; 5.9%). Male decedents (n= 298; 72.8%) outnumbered female decedents (n = 105; 25.6%) nearly 3 to 1. More than half of the decedents were known to be Mexican nationals (n=235; 57.5%) and were aged 20 to 39 years (n=213; 52.0%); the nationality of 148 (36.2%) decedents was undetermined. Conclusions. Deaths among migrants making unauthorized crossings of the US–Mexican border are due to causes that are largely preventable. Prevention strategies should target young Mexican men, and focus on preventing them from conceiving plans to cross the border, discouraging them from using dangerous routes as crossing points, and providing search-and-rescue teams to locate lost or injured migrant crossers. PMID:16735618

Sapkota, Sanjeeb; Kohl, Harold W.; Gilchrist, Julie; McAuliffe, Jay; Parks, Bruce; England, Bob; Flood, Tim; Sewell, C. Mack; Perrotta, Dennis; Escobedo, Miguel; Stern, Corrine E.; Zane, David; Nolte, Kurt B.

2006-01-01

224

Umatilla River Fish Passage Operations Program, 2002-2003 Annual Report.  

SciTech Connect

Threemile Falls Dam (Threemile Dam), located near the town of Umatilla, is the major collection and counting point for adult salmonids returning to the Umatilla River. Returning salmon and steelhead were enumerated at Threemile Dam from August 17, 2002 to September 29, 2003. A total of 3,080 summer steelhead (Oncorhynchus mykiss); 1716 adult, 617 jack, and 1,709 subjack fall chinook (O. tshawytscha); 3,820 adult and 971 jack coho (O. kisutch); and 3,607 adult and 135 jack spring chinook (O. tshawytscha) were counted. All fish were enumerated at the east bank facility. Of the fish counted, 6 summer steelhead and 330 adult and 49 jack spring chinook were hauled upstream from Threemile Dam. There were 2,882 summer steelhead; 1161 adult, 509 jack and 1,546 subjack fall chinook; 3,704 adult and 915 jack coho; and 2,406 adult and 31 jack spring chinook either released at, or allowed to volitionally migrate past, Threemile Dam. Also, 109 summer steelhead; 532 adult and 32 jack fall chinook; and 560 adult and 28 jack spring chinook were collected for brood. In addition, 282 spring chinook were collected for the outplanting efforts in the Walla Walla Basin. The Westland Canal juvenile facility (Westland), located near the town of Echo at rivermile (RM) 27, is the major collection point for outmigrating juvenile salmonids and steelhead kelts. The canal was open for 159 days between January 27 and July 4, 2003. During that period, fish were bypassed back to the river 145 days and were trapped 11 days. An estimated 205 pounds of juvenile fish were transported from Westland to the Umatilla River boat ramp (RM 0.5). Approximately 82% of the juveniles transported were salmonids. No steelhead kelts were hauled from Westland this year. The Threemile Dam west bank juvenile bypass was opened on September 16, 2002. and continued until November 1, 2002. The bypass was reopened March 3, 2003 and ran until July 3, 2003. The juvenile trap was operated by the Umatilla Passage Evaluation Project.

Bronson, James P. (Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation, Department of Natural Resources, Pendleton, OR); Duke, Bill B. (Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife, Pendleton, OR)

2004-03-01

225

Lake Roosevelt Rainbow Trout Habitat/Passage Improvement Project, Annual Report 2002-2003.  

SciTech Connect

The construction of Chief Joseph and Grand Coulee Dams completely and irrevocably blocked anadromous fish migrations to the Upper Columbia River. Historically this area hosted vast numbers of salmon returning to their natal waters to reproduce and die. For the native peoples of the region, salmon and steelhead were a principle food source, providing physical nourishment and spiritual sustenance, and contributing to the religious practices and the cultural basis of tribal communities. The decaying remains of spawned-out salmon carcasses contributed untold amounts of nutrients into the aquatic, aerial, and terrestrial ecosystems of tributary habitats in the upper basin. Near the present site of Kettle Falls, Washington, the second largest Indian fishery in the state existed for thousands of years. Returning salmon were caught in nets and baskets or speared on their migration to the headwater of the Columbia River in British Columbia. Catch estimates at Kettle Falls range from 600,000 in 1940 to two (2) million around the turn of the century (UCUT, Report No.2). The loss of anadromous fish limited the opportunities for fisheries management and enhancement exclusively to those actions addressed to resident fish. The Lake Roosevelt Rainbow Trout Habitat/Passage Improvement Project is a mitigation project intended to enhance resident fish populations and to partially mitigate for anadromous fish losses caused by hydropower system impacts. This substitution of resident fish for anadromous fish losses is considered in-place and out-of-kind mitigation. Upstream migration and passage barriers limit the amount of spawning and rearing habitat that might otherwise be utilized by rainbow trout. The results of even limited stream surveys and habitat inventories indicated that a potential for increased natural production exists. However, the lack of any comprehensive enhancement measures prompted the Upper Columbia United Tribes Fisheries Center (UCUT), Colville Confederated Tribes (CCT), Spokane Tribe of Indians (STI) and Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife (WDFW) to develop and propose a comprehensive fishery management plan for Lake Roosevelt. The Rainbow Trout Habitat/Passage Improvement Project (LRHIP) was designed with goals directed towards increasing natural production while maintaining genetic integrity among current tributary stocks. The initial phase of the Lake Roosevelt Habitat Improvement Project (Phase I, baseline data collection: 1990-91) was focused on the assessment of limiting factors, including the quality and quantity of available spawning gravel, identification of passage barriers, and assessment of other constraints. After the initial assessment of stream parameters, five streams meeting specific criteria were selected for habitat/passage improvement projects (Phase II, implementation -1992-1995). Four of these projects were on the Colville Indian Reservation South Nanamkin, North Nanamkin, Louie and Iron Creeks and one Blue Creek was on the Spokane Indian Reservation. At the completion of project habitat improvements, the final phase (Phase III, monitoring-1996-2000) began. This phase assessed the changes and determined the success achieved through the improvements. Data analysis showed that passage improvements are successful for increasing habitat availability and use. The results of in-stream habitat improvements were inconclusive. Project streams, to the last monitoring date, have shown increases in fish density following implementation of the improvements. In 2000 Bridge Creek, on the Colville Reservation was selected for the next phase of improvements. Data collection, including baseline stream survey and population data collection, was carried out during 2001 in preparation for the design and implementation of stream habitat/passage improvements. Agencies cooperating on the project include the Colville Confederated Tribes (CCT), Natural Resource Conservation Service (NRCS, Ferry County District), Ferry County Conservation District, and Ferry County. The Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) provided

Sears, Sheryl

2004-01-01

226

New Century High Schools: Evaluation Findings from the Second Year  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The New Century High Schools (NCHS) initiative so far has launched three rounds of new small high schools in New York City, working in collaboration with the Department of Education of the City of New York (DOE), the teachers' and principals' professional associations, and a consortium of funders led by the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation. New…

Rubenstein, Michael C.; Reisner, Elizabeth R.; Coon, Michelle J.; Fabiano, Lara

2005-01-01

227

Measuring School Effectiveness in Memphis--Year 2. Final Report  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

New Leaders for New Schools, a nonprofit organization committed to training school principals, heads the Effective Practices Incentive Community (EPIC), an initiative that offers financial awards to effective educators. New Leaders and its partner organizations have received from the U.S. Department of Education tens of millions of dollars in…

Potamites, Liz; Chaplin, Duncan; Isenberg, Eric; Booker, Kevin

2009-01-01

228

Student Mobility and Its Implication for Schools' Adequate Yearly Progress  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Correlation and regression analyses were used to investigate the relationship of student mobility (as expressed by the school-level mobility rate) and first through fifth grade reading, language arts, and mathematics achievement for a statewide sample of 1062 elementary schools. Comparison data were analyzed to further investigate the relationship…

Thompson, Sharon M.; Meyers, Joel; Oshima, T. Chris

2011-01-01

229

School Finance and Energy through the Year 2000.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Since the publication of the original report, entitled "Fiscal Profile of America's Public Schools, 1981-85, and Associated Energy Implications," the national school revenue picture reveals: (1) a decline in federal aid to education, (2) a decline in state fiscal capacity, (3) a reduction in the state-local portion of public l 826/827 sector…

Hansen (Shirley J.) Associates, Inc., Lake Jackson, TX.

230

Career Changers as First-Year High School Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Individuals who change careers to assume teaching roles in secondary schools are more likely to struggle in the classroom than those without such backgrounds. In this investigation, we identified three such career-changing teachers who were beginning their education careers in rural schools, and observed and interviewed them throughout their first…

Anderson, Holly; Fry, Sara; Hourcade, Jack J.

2014-01-01

231

School of Information Career Survey 2007 For the past 3 years, the School of Information has conducted a survey of the students' post graduation status. The report  

E-print Network

School of Information Career Survey 2007 For the past 3 years, the School of Information has, their profile before starting at the School of Information, their career search process and timing, job sector with their education o 4% were consulting full-time School of Information Student Profile Specialization at the School

Militzer, Burkhard

232

The Effects of Implementing Change on a Middle School Culture a First Year Principal's Journey  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study is a first year principal's quest to transform the culture of Midwest Middle School (MMS). The study covers the 2009-2010 school year. The data from the 2008-2009 school year provided the baseline data for this study. Alarming results of a state survey regarding the culture of the medium sized suburban middle school caused concern.…

Gettemeier, Edward Robert

2012-01-01

233

High School Social Climate and Antisocial Behavior: A 10 Year Longitudinal and Multilevel Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A longitudinal and multilevel approach is used to examine the relationship between antisocial behavior during adolescence and high school social climate. The data are taken from a longitudinal study of 1,233 boys and girls who attended 217 public and private high schools. Students' disruptive behaviors were assessed yearly from 6 to 12 years of…

Leblanc, Line; Swisher, Raymond; Vitaro, Frank; Tremblay, Richard E.

2008-01-01

234

Revisiting the Issue of Year-Round Schools. BCTF Research Report. Section V. 2012-EI-02  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There has been little attention paid to the issue of Year-Round Schools (YRS) in British Columbia's public education system since 1996. The British Columbia Teachers' Federation (BCTF) Research conducted extensive research into the issue of year-round schooling in the mid 1990s, when the growth in student enrolment was significant. At that time…

Naylor, Charlie

2012-01-01

235

Puberty, Health and Sexual Education in Australian Regional Primary Schools: Year 5 and 6 Teacher Perceptions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The research reported in this paper investigates why teachers in regional primary schools in the Ballarat region of Victoria, Australia, are choosing to outsource the teaching of sexuality education. A survey was conducted of 29 Year 5 and Year 6 teachers from local primary schools. The teachers provided information about: their confidence in…

Duffy, Bernadette; Fotinatos, Nina; Smith, Amanda; Burke, Jenene

2013-01-01

236

Exploring the Ups and Downs of Mathematics Engagement in the Middle Years of School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study of 1,601 students in the middle years of schooling (Grades 5-8, each student measured twice, 1 year apart) from 200 classrooms in 44 schools sought to identify factors explaining gains and declines in mathematics engagement at key transition points. In multilevel regression modeling, findings showed that compared with Grade 6 students…

Martin, Andrew J.; Way, Jennifer; Bobis, Janette; Anderson, Judy

2015-01-01

237

The First-Year Urban High School Teacher: Holding the Torch, Lighting the Fire  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The book tracks co-author Paul Weinberg during his first year of teaching as he is introduced to the daily tribulations of an urban Los Angeles high school. Paul's father Carl Weinberg, who fifty years earlier himself began his career in education an urban secondary school teacher, shares his experiences side-by-side with those of his son.…

Weinberg, Paul J.; Weinberg, Carl

2008-01-01

238

Changes in student motivation over the final year of high school  

Microsoft Academic Search

The final year of high school in New South Wales (Australia) is characterised by a high stakes, performance-oriented learning environment. This article is a report of the results of an investigation into the changes over time that may occur in the achievement motivation of final-year school students. Two sets of analyses of repeated measures are reported. The results indicate that

Lorraine Smith

2004-01-01

239

Effects of Year-Round Education on Texas Middle School Student Performance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study was designed to investigate the effects of the year-round calendar on student performance in Texas middle schools as measured by achievement on the Texas Assessment of Knowledge and Skills (TAKS) test. In the State of Texas, 15 schools served students in grades six through eight using the year-round calendar in 2009-2010. The 15…

Coopersmith, Michael

2011-01-01

240

An analysis of the perceived concerns of first-year high school science teachers  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose was to identify and describe the concerns reported by first year high school science teachers. Participants were first year high school science teachers from the Houston-Galveston-Brazoria Consolidated Metropolitan Statistical Area (CMSA - Greater Houston, 1999). Using a survey research design, data were collected with a descriptive survey, the Teacher Concerns Survey, and a follow-up telephone interview. This instrument

Sandra Lee Olson

2001-01-01

241

MoPS Gorilla 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012  

E-print Network

MoPS Gorilla Page 1 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 Lars-Göran Andersson #12;MoPS Gorilla Page 2 35 Carl-Gunnar Sand 18 40 32 2 92 1 54 26 5 1 1 1 89 1 10 Lennartsson #12;MoPS Gorilla Page 3 1 1 1 3 1 1 1 3 2 1 3 1 1 1 3 1 1 1 3 2 1 3 1 1 1 3 1 2 3 1 1 2 1 1 2 1 1

Alm, Sven Erick

242

MoPS Gorilla 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011  

E-print Network

MoPS Gorilla Page 1 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 Robert Parviainen Tomas Morsing #12;MoPS Gorilla Page 2 18 40 32 90 29 1 54 26 5 1 1 1 89 1 10 70 81 31 Jonas Lundqvist Hans Enström #12;MoPS Gorilla Page 3 4 3 1 8 1 3 1 1 1 7 4 1 1 1 7 1 1 4 6 1 1 3 1 6 1 1

Alm, Sven Erick

243

Career development of girls during the high school years  

Microsoft Academic Search

Attempted to predict the career plans of 817 female high school seniors from their personal characteristics as 9th graders and from selected environmental characteristics of their high schools. Seniors choosing different careers could be differentiated in terms of interests, career plans, and aptitudes as measured during the 9th grade. The discriminatory power of the 9th-grade test battery was improved by

Helen S. Astin

1968-01-01

244

Taking Stock: Five Years of Structural Change in Boston's Public Schools  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Boston Foundation has recently completed a study of the past five years of structural change in Boston's public schools. This report, released in January 2014, is a welcome contribution to research on the state of U.S. public schools and includes updates on grade-level evaluations, school autonomy and âÂÂunresolved issues.â There's a nice timeline that runs alongside the text of the report that tracks key educational changes throughout the Boston Public School system over the past decade. For those with an interest in public school reform and the future of American cities, this report is most valuable.

2014-01-01

245

School Context Protective Factors Against Peer Ethnic Discrimination Across the High School Years  

Microsoft Academic Search

Ethnically diverse high school contexts present unique social opportunities for youth to form interethnic relationships, but\\u000a they may also subject students to certain social challenges such as peer ethnic discrimination. With a sample of 1,072 high\\u000a school students (55% girls; 54% Latino, 20% African American, 14% Asian, 12% White) attending 84 high schools, school context\\u000a factors that protect students’ exposure

Amy Bellmore; Adrienne Nishina; Ji-in You; Ting-Lan Ma

246

Disentangling School Reform Outcomes from School Philanthropy Influences: The Kalamazoo Promise Two Years Later  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study tracks initial effects of a philanthropic effort, while disentangling its effects from a major concurrently administrated school improvement initiative. Significant positive effects attributable to both efforts were noted in a middle school student sample. The full impact of the philanthropic and school improvement initiatives will…

Lacefield, Warren E.; Van Kannel-Ray, Nancy; Zeller, Pam; Applegate, Brooks

2009-01-01

247

Measuring School and Teacher Effectiveness in EPIC Charter School Consortium--Year 2. Final Report  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

New Leaders for New Schools, a nonprofit organization committed to training school principals, heads the Effective Practices Incentive Community (EPIC), an initiative that offers financial awards to effective educators. Through this initiative, New Leaders offers financial awards to educators in two urban school districts and a consortium of…

Potamites, Liz; Booker, Kevin; Chaplin, Duncan; Isenberg, Eric

2009-01-01

248

How the Coalition Campus Schools Have Re-Imagined High School: Seven Years Later.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 1992, a collaboration of educational reform organizations, the New York City Board of Education, a teachers' union, and private funders created a model of urban high school reform that was practitioner-driven. Two failing high schools, one in Manhattan and one in the Bronx, were phased out while 11 new, small autonomous high schools were…

Ancess, Jacqueline; Ort, Suzanna Wichterle

249

Experiences from 10 years of school programmes at GEOMAR Kiel  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

GEOMAR Helmholtz Centre for Ocean Research Kiel, Germany, started a programme of cooperations with secondary schools in 2003, which has been expanding continually since that time. By active involvement of teachers and students, the Centre's research topics are communicated to schools, and young people are encouraged to develop their interest for biogeosciences. The portfolio of activities includes: project work with schools over periods from one day to several months, individual student theses at the research centre, internships, a weekly "Research Club" allowing individual experiments, summer school programmes, teacher training courses, joint activities with international partners and a video-project in which students portray scientific aspects of oceanic oxygen minimum zones (in the context of the Collaborative Research Center SFB 754) to other students. Essential prerequisites for these activities are the direct involvement of the Centre's researchers who contribute their expertise and act as role-models for the students, dedicated staff for coordination and continuity, and financial and structural support both at the research centre and the schools.

Dengg, Joachim

2014-05-01

250

Academic achievement in the high school years: the changing role of school engagement.  

PubMed

School engagement is an important theoretical and practical cornerstone to the promotion of academic accomplishments. This article used a tripartite-behavioral, emotional, and cognitive-model of school engagement to assess the relationship between school engagement and academic success among high school students, and to determine whether a reciprocal relationship exists between these constructs. Data were derived from 710 youth (69% female) who took part in Waves 6 through 8 (Grades 10 through 12) of the 4-H study of positive youth development. Longitudinal confirmatory factor analyses confirmed the invariance of the tripartite model of school engagement. Results of a structural equation model showed that the components of school engagement and academic achievement were mutually predictive and that these predictions varied from grade to grade. Future possibilities for evaluating the relationship between school engagement and academic achievement, as well as the implications for educational policy and practice, are discussed. PMID:24477498

Chase, Paul A; Hilliard, Lacey J; Geldhof, G John; Warren, Daniel J A; Lerner, Richard M

2014-06-01

251

Help Neighborhood Center Program, School Year 1975-1976.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report evaluated the impact of the Help-Neighborhood Center Program which was designed to inform parents of fifth through eighth grade students about health problems and community concerns. Four thousand elementary and junior high school students and 100 parents participated in workshops on venereal disease, drug abuse, welfare rights, mental…

Siperstein, Gary N.

252

Bilingual Teacher Intern Program; School Year 1975-1976.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report is an evaluation of a New York City school district educational project funded under Title Vll of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965. The goals of the program were to provide bilingual instructional services in all subject areas to Hispanic pupils of limited English-speaking ability and to select, train, and place…

Roth, William

253

AIRBORNE ASBESTOS CONCENTRATIONS THREE YEARS AFTER ABATEMENT IN SEVENTEEN SCHOOLS  

EPA Science Inventory

From 1988 through 1991, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's Risk Reduction Engineering Laboratory and the New Jersey Department of Health's Environmental Health Service conducted air monitoring in 17 schools in New Jersey to determine the effectiveness of their asbestos c...

254

Education in Action, School Year 1975-1976.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report is an evaluation of selected New York City Umbrella Programs funded under a special grant from the New York State Legislature. The 1975-76 Education in Action Program, a community health education program, served 427 elementary and junior high school students and 105 community parents in the Harlem and East Harlem communities. The…

Robin, Fay

255

Teacher Self-Help Project, 1975-76 School Year.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report evaluated a teacher education program designed to improve the quality of instruction for low income students in New York City. A major goal of the program was to increase student reading and English fluency skills. Teachers for the program were trained on college campuses. Each participating school designed its training program to suit…

Greeley, Michael F.

256

Vocabulary Growth and Reading Development across the Elementary School Years  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The associations between vocabulary growth and reading development were examined longitudinally for a representative sample of Dutch children throughout the elementary school period. Data on basic and advanced vocabulary, word decoding, and reading comprehension were collected across the different grades. The results showed significant progress on…

Verhoeven, Ludo; van Leeuwe, Jan; Vermeer, Anne

2011-01-01

257

Date of Birth and Its Effect upon Performance in School over Subsequent Years.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The effects of age at entrance into school on subsequent elementary school performance were studied in a cohort of children who started grade 1 in the Dallas school system (Texas) in fall 1981. Most of the subjects were born on or after September 1, 1974 and before September 1, 1975; the spread of ages was 1 year. A total of 3,028 male and 3,019…

Olson, George H.

258

Monitoring the Migrations of Wild Snake River Spring/Summer Chinook Salmon Smolts, 2002-2003 Annual Report.  

SciTech Connect

Prior to 1992, decisions on dam operations and use of stored water relied on recoveries of branded hatchery fish, index counts at traps and dams, and flow patterns at the dams. The advent of PIT-tag technology provided the opportunity to precisely track the smolt migrations of many wild stocks as they pass through the hydroelectric complex and other monitoring sites on their way to the ocean. With the availability of the PIT tag, a more complete approach to these decisions was undertaken starting in 1992 with the addition of PIT-tag detections of several wild spring and summer chinook salmon stocks at Lower Granite Dam. Using data from these detections, we initiated development of a database on wild fish, addressing several goals of the Columbia River Basin Fish and Wildlife Program of the Pacific Northwest Electric Power Planning Council and Conservation Act (NPPC 1980). Section 304(d) of the program states, ''The monitoring program will provide information on the migrational characteristics of the various stocks of salmon and steelhead within the Columbia Basin.'' Further, Section 201(b) urges conservation of genetic diversity, which will be possible only if wild stocks are preserved. Section 5.9A.1 of the 1994 Fish and Wildlife Program states that field monitoring of smolt movement will be used to determine the best timing for water storage releases and Section 5.8A.8 states that continued research is needed on survival of juvenile wild fish before they reach the first dam with special attention to water quantity, quality, and several other factors. The goals of this ongoing study are as follows (1) Characterize the migration timing and estimate parr-to-smolt survival of different stocks of wild Snake River spring/summer chinook salmon smolts at Lower Granite Dam. (2) Determine whether consistent migration patterns are apparent. (3) Determine what environmental factors influence these patterns. (4) Characterize the migrational behavior and estimate survival of different wild juvenile fish stocks as they emigrate from their natal rearing areas. This study provides critical information for recovery planning, and ultimately recovery for these ESA-listed wild fish stocks. This report provides information on PIT tagging of wild chinook salmon parr in 2002 and the subsequent monitoring of these fish. Fish were monitored as they migrated through two in-stream PIT-tag monitoring systems in lower Valley Creek and at juvenile migrant traps in 2002 and 2003 as well as through interrogation systems at Lower Granite, Little Goose, Lower Monumental, McNary, John Day, and Bonneville Dams during 2003. Fish were also monitored by the PIT-tag trawl in the mouth of the Columbia River in 2003. In 2002-2003, we also continued to collect environmental data for the Baseline Environmental Monitoring Program, which was developed from 1993 to 1997. The project was designed to collect data for use in conjunction with data on parr and smolt movements to discern patterns or characteristic relationships between these movements and environmental factors. Water quality data collected consist of water temperature, dissolved oxygen, specific conductance, turbidity, water depth, and pH measured at five monitoring stations in the Salmon River Basin, Idaho.

Achord, Stephen; McNatt, Regan A.; Hockersmith, Eric E. (National Marine Fisheries Service, Northwest Fisheries Science Center, Fish Ecology Division, Seattle, WA)

2004-04-01

259

Children's perspectives on their first year of school: Introducing a new pictorial measure of school stress  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes the development, administration, and scoring of the Pictorial Measure of School Stress (PMSS). This instrument was designed to describe individual differences in children's feelings about everyday school situations and their coping strategies for dealing with these. The PMSS uses a semi-structured interview to present specific school scenarios, including in-class routines, out-of-class events, and situations involving peers. For

Elizabeth Murray; Linda J. Harrison

2005-01-01

260

School Nurses Race to the Top: The Pilot Year of How One District's School Nurses Revised Their Evaluation Process  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

During the 2013-2014 school year, the Shaker Heights, Ohio City school district was mandated to change its evaluation process as part of the Race to the Top initiative. Although not required by the federal or state Departments of Education, the Shaker Heights City school district tasked all members of their faculty and staff, including school

Haffke, Louise Marie; Damm, Paula; Cross, Barbara

2014-01-01

261

Design of Value-Added Models for IMPACT and TEAM in DC Public Schools, 2010-2011 School Year. Final Report  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report presents the value-added models that will be used to measure school and teacher effectiveness in the District of Columbia Public Schools (DCPS) in the 2010-2011 school year. It updates the earlier technical report, "Measuring Value Added for IMPACT and TEAM in DC Public Schools." The earlier report described the methods used to…

Isenberg, Eric; Hock, Heinrich

2011-01-01

262

Second Year Evaluation Report for the Dothan City Schools Title III Project, "Comprehensive Services for Children."  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report summarizes the activities and results of the second year of the Dothan City Schools Project, "Comprehensive Services for Children," funded under Elementary Secondary Education Act Title III. The project is concerned with the provision of special services to meet the needs of elementary school children suffering socio-emotional conflict…

Dufilho, L. Paul; And Others

263

Personnel Needs in School Psychology: A 10-Year Follow-Up Study on Predicted Personnel Shortages  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Concerns regarding whether a sufficient supply of school psychologists exists have been evident for decades. Studies have predicted that school psychology would face a critical personnel shortage that would peak in 2010, but continue into the foreseeable future. The current study is a 10-year follow-up investigation based on previously published…

Castillo, Jose M.; Curtis, Michael J.; Tan, Sim Yin

2014-01-01

264

Effectiveness of a Two-Year Health-Related Physical Education Intervention in Elementary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study aim was to evaluate the effectiveness of a 2-year health-related physical education intervention in a pretest-posttest design. Sixteen elementary schools (764 pupils, mean age: 11.2 plus or minus 0.7) participated in the study. Schools were randomly assigned to the intervention condition (n = 8) and the control condition (n = 8). Making…

Verstraete, Stefanie; Cardon, Greet; De Clercq, Dirk; De Bourdeaudhuij, Ilse

2007-01-01

265

School-to-Careers: Report on the Year 4 Evaluation of Nevada's STC Implementation System.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report is a summary of the evaluation of the Nevada School-to-Careers (STC) Year 4 (1999-2000) implementation and the extent to which implementation supported eight messages STC is intended to send. Results from three surveys are included: Quantitative Benchmark Survey, School Implementation Profile, and Student Exit Survey. All regional…

Loesch-Griffin, Deborah; Rye, Alyssa

266

A CTE Legacy Built on Chocolate: Milton Hershey School's 100 Years  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One hundred years ago, Chocolate Magnate Milton S. Hershey and his wife Catherine signed the deed of trust creating the Hershey Industrial School in the heart of their Pennsylvania farming community. They had no children of their own and wanted to help orphan boys get a good education. The couple eventually left their entire fortune to the school.…

Kemmery, Robert

2010-01-01

267

CELEBRATING OUR HISTORY A look back on 114 years of the OHSU School of Dentistry  

E-print Network

CELEBRATING OUR HISTORY A look back on 114 years of the OHSU School of Dentistry #12;Many states College of Dentistry took out papers as a private corporation on Dec. 20, 1898, the first dental school students and caring for patients in October of 1899.3 The Oregon College of Dentistry, located at what

Chapman, Michael S.

268

Project A+, Elementary Technology Demonstration Schools, 1991-92: The Second Year.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Elementary Technology Demonstration Schools program, where four elementary schools were equipped with computer hardware and software, was made possible by grants from IBM and Apple, Inc. The goals of the program were, in 3 years, to reduce by 50% the number of students not in their age appropriate grade level and those students not achieving…

Nichols, Todd; Frazer, Linda

269

School-to-Careers Company of the Year: 2000 Award Winners.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This booklet profiles the four School-to-Careers Company of the Year Award winners judged to be demonstrating clearly the value and importance of these three key employer activities: working directly with students and teachers, building a school-to-careers system in the community, and strengthening company practice. The four winners and their…

National Employer Leadership Council, Washington, DC.

270

U.S. Kids Use ADHD Meds More During School Year  

MedlinePLUS

... this page, please enable JavaScript. U.S. Kids Use ADHD Meds More During School Year Researchers suggest this ... Preidt Friday, October 17, 2014 Related MedlinePlus Pages Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder Medicines and Children School Health FRIDAY, Oct. 17, ...

271

Job Entry Level Competencies of a One Year Barber School Graduate. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To determine the competency level required of a one-year graduate from barber school and to obtain information that would enable vocational-technical schools to plan their curriculum to better meet student barber needs, a survey was conducted in Wisconsin of 629 barber shop managers, 75 journeymen, and 200 apprentices. Picked at random, these…

Swerman, Richard A.; Wurtzel, Norbert K.

272

A Year after Columbine: Public Looks to Parents More than Schools To Prevent Violence.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An April 2000 telephone survey queried a nationwide sample of 1,000 adults, including 283 parents of children ages 5 to 17 years, concerning school violence and other issues in the news. The vast majority of those surveyed said they believe it is the responsibility of parents to ensure that school shootings, such as occurred at Columbine High…

Pew Research Center for the People and the Press, Washington, DC.

273

School Social Work Case Characteristics, Services, and Dispositions: Year One Results  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes the results from the first year of a longitudinal study of a school social work caseload in a large midwestern school district. The purpose of the investigation was to examine the relationship among case characteristics, types of services provided, and case dispositions. Data were collected using a management information…

Jonson-Reid, Melissa; Kontak, Dot; Citerman, Barbara; Essma, Angie; Fezzi, Nancy

2004-01-01

274

Does Year Round Schooling Affect the Outcome and Growth of California's API Scores?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examined whether year round schooling (YRS) in California had an effect upon the outcome and growth of schools' Academic Performance Index (API) scores. While many previous studies had examined the connection between YRS and academic achievement, most had lacked the statistical rigour required to provide reliable interpretations. As a…

Wu, Amery D.; Stone, Jake E.

2010-01-01

275

What Is the Status of High School Athletes 8 Years after Their Senior Year? Statistics in Brief. NCES 2005-303  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This Statistics in Brief examines the status of high school athletes 8 years after their senior year in high school. Using a representative sample of 10th-graders in 1990, who were seniors in 1992, from the National Education Longitudinal Study of 1988 (NELS:88), this Brief provides information on the 1990-1992 high school athletes' educational,…

Carlson, Deven; Scott, Leslie; Planty, Michael; Thompson, Jennifer

2005-01-01

276

A Visit to My Junior High School 50 Years Later  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

It is not unusual for people to attend their high school or college class reunions, but who would want to go back and visit their old junior high? After all, this is a time that most people overlook or want to forget. However, it was a meaningful time for this author, and laid the foundation for whom he had become. It was during his junior high…

Swaim, John H.

2009-01-01

277

Promoting School Achievement among American Indian Students throughout the School Years  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

American Indian students as a population are not achieving high academic standards. Yet school failure appears to be acquired rather than inherent at the onset of schooling. Many researchers have reported that American Indian children function at an average range academically until the 4th grade; but by 10th grade, however, they are, on average,…

Powers, Kristin

2005-01-01

278

Adequate Yearly Progress: Where Philadelphia Public Schools Stand, 2004. Learning from Philadelphia's School Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Schools and school districts across the country are under pressure to show that student performance on standardized tests is improving. Much of this pressure is based on the idea that clear expectations, combined with sanctions for poor performance, will motivate educators and students to try harder and do better. The federal No Child Left Behind…

Research for Action, 2004

2004-01-01

279

School Program Selection: Why Schools Worldwide Choose the International Baccalaureate Middle Years Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

School improvement and reform efforts frequently involve the adoption of a new curriculum program. This article examines the factors that influence program selection when schools have freedom to choose as opposed to having programs mandated by district, state, or national education authorities. Survey and document analysis are used to examine the…

Sperandio, Jill

2010-01-01

280

Student Career Awareness Network at L. B. Johnson Middle School: 1997-98 School Year Evaluation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Student Career Awareness Network (SCAN) at L. B. Johnson Middle School, New Mexico, seeks to target a wide range of students with differing abilities while incorporating School-To-Career's philosophy of instruction. SCAN uses work-related experiences such as project-based assignments, applications-based instruction, hands-on experience, and…

Mearns, Curt

281

Using Microcomputers To Apply Statewide Standards for Schools and School Systems: Technological Changes over Five Years.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Evaluation and Assessment Laboratory at the University of Alabama (Tuscaloosa) has contracted with the Georgia Department of Education (GDOE) to develop a microcomputer-based data management system for use in applying evaluation standards to schools and school systems. The Comprehensive Evaluation System (CES) was implemented statewide and has…

Wu, Yi-Cheng; Hebbler, Stephen W.

282

Building Exemplary Schools for Tomorrow: Education Directory, School Year 2000-2001.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This education includes contact information for the Office of Indian Education Programs (OIEP) central, Albuquerque (New Mexico), and personnel offices; the division of school improvement; special education coordinators; family and child education coordinators; and field education officers. Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA)-funded schools are listed…

Bureau of Indian Affairs (Dept. of Interior), Washington, DC. Office of Indian Education Programs.

283

School-Based Health Centers: National Census School Year 2007-08  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The National Assembly on School-Based Health Care's (NASBHC) 2007-2008 Census is the 11th request for data from school-based health centers (SBHCs) since 1986. The Census: (1) provides a better understanding of the role of SBHCs in meeting the needs of underserved children and adolescents; (2) collects relevant trend data on demographics,…

Strozer, Jan; Juszczak, Linda; Ammerman, Adrienne

2010-01-01

284

For Children in Care in school years 9 -13 Wednesday 11 December 2013  

E-print Network

at Trinity College `Space spiders: black widows and redback pulsars' lecture by a Cambridge astrophysicist in school years 9 - 13 www.cam.ac.uk/care-events Would you like to... ... find out what a space spider

Talbot, James P.

285

Cigarette Smoking among U.S. High School Students at Lowest Level in 22 Years  

MedlinePLUS

... surveys are conducted every two years among high school students throughout the United States. These surveys monitor priority health risk behaviors including unintentional injuries and violence; sexual behaviors that contribute to unintended pregnancy and ...

286

The Effect of Teacher Influence at School on First-Year Teacher Attrition: A Multilevel Analysis of the Schools and Staffing Survey for 1999-2000  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper studied the effect of perceived teacher influence over school policy on first-year teacher attrition. Data came from the National Center for Education Statistics' Schools and Staffing Survey 1999 - 2000 and Teacher Follow-up Survey 2000 - 2001. First-year teacher status and teacher influence over school policy were related to teachers'…

Liu, Xiaofeng Steven

2007-01-01

287

The Early Years: Embracing the Challenges. 1997 Early Years of Schooling Conference Proceedings (Melbourne, Australia, July 20-21, 1997).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

These conference proceedings comprise 19 papers and the plenary session presented at the Early Years Schooling Conference held in Melbourne, Australia. The plenary session was "A Developmental Approach to Teaching Young Children" conducted by Lilian Katz. The keynote addresses and breakout sessions were: (1) "Developmental Learning: How to Learn"…

Victoria Education Dept. (Australia).

288

Reflections of First-Year Teachers on School Culture: Questions, Hopes, and Challenges. New Directions for School Leadership.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection of papers presents the reflections of five beginning public school teachers from the greater Boston area on their first years in teaching. They share lessons garnered from teaching, writing, and reflecting together on their introductory experiences. As their first months in teaching passed, they found themselves working in some…

Donaldson, Morgaen L., Ed.; Poon, Brian, Ed.

1999-01-01

289

Observations and analysis of polar stratospheric clouds detected by POAM III and SAGE III during the SOLVE II\\/VINTERSOL campaign in the 2002\\/2003 Northern Hemisphere winter  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Polar Ozone and Aerosol Measurement and Stratospheric Aerosol and Gas Experiment instruments both observed high numbers of polar stratospheric clouds (PSCs) in the polar region during the second SAGE Ozone Loss and Validation Experiment (SOLVE II) and Validation of INTERnational Satellites and Study of Ozone Loss (VINTERSOL) campaign, conducted during the 2002\\/2003 Northern Hemisphere winter. Between 15 November 2002

J. Alfred; M. Fromm; R. Bevilacqua; G. Nedoluha; A. Strawa; L. Poole; J. Wickert

2006-01-01

290

Observations and analysis of polar stratospheric clouds detected by POAM III and SAGE III during the SOLVE II\\/VINTERSOL campaign in the 2002\\/2003 Northern Hemisphere winter  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Polar Ozone and Aerosol Measurement and Stratospheric Aerosol and Gas Experiment instruments both observed high numbers of polar stratospheric clouds (PSCs) in the polar region during the second SAGE Ozone Loss and Validation (SOLVE II) and Validation of INTERnational Satellites and Study of Ozone Loss (VINTERSOL) campaign, conducted during the 2002\\/2003 Northern Hemisphere winter. Between 15 November 2002 (14

J. Alfred; M. Fromm; R. Bevilacqua; G. Nedoluha; A. Strawa; L. Poole; J. Wickert

2007-01-01

291

A Parent's Guide to Achievement Matters Most: Maryland's Plan for PreK-12 Education, 2002-2003. (Arabic)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To raise the achievement of every student in the state, Maryland implemented "Achievement Matters Most," a new plan for public elementary and secondary schools that sets goals in the areas of achievement, teaching, testing, safety, and family involvement in schools. This Arabic-language guide for parents outlines the goals and characteristics of…

Maryland State Dept. of Education, Baltimore.

292

Educating Homeless Children and Youth: How Are We Measuring Up? A Progress Report, School Year 1989-90.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

During the 1989-90 school year, the state of Maryland focused on heightening awareness, reaffirming commitments, and establishing partnerships between schools and shelters to ensure that homeless students had access to and success in school. The following accomplishments are outlined: (1) 21 local school districts implemented local policies and…

Maryland State Dept. of Education, Baltimore. Div. of Compensatory, Urban, and Supplementary Programs.

293

Finnish Parental Involvement Ethos, Health Support, Health Education Knowledge and Participation: Results from a 2-Year School Health Intervention  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A 2-year, participatory action research school health study focused on developing components for home-school partnerships to support children's health learning process. Two intervention schools implemented strengthened health and collaboration-orientated activities; two control schools followed the national core curriculum without extracurricular…

Sormunen, Marjorita; Tossavainen, Kerttu; Turunen, Hannele

2013-01-01

294

The Catholic School under Scrutiny: Ten Years of Research in Italy (1998-2008)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book delineates the evolution of the Study Centre for Catholic Schools (CSSC) in its first ten years of existence since its foundation in 1998 by the Italian Bishops' Conference. The volume is divided into three main sections. The first outlines the context and the activity of the CSSC during ten years: the role, the functions, the tasks and…

Malizia, Guglielmo; Cicatelli, Sergio

2011-01-01

295

SCHULICH SCHOOL OF MEDICINE & DENTISTRY APPLICATION FOR ADMISSION TO SECOND YEAR  

E-print Network

SCHULICH SCHOOL OF MEDICINE & DENTISTRY APPLICATION FOR ADMISSION TO SECOND YEAR: DENTISTRY PROGRAM of Canada. 3. All students applying for admission to Dentistry whose mother tongue (first language responsibility to ensure the following documents are received by Schulich Dentistry by July 1 of the year

Sinnamon, Gordon J.

296

Development of decoding, reading comprehension, vocabulary and spelling during the elementary school years  

Microsoft Academic Search

The goal of this study was (1) to investigate the development of decoding(efficiency), reading comprehension, vocabulary and spelling during theelementary school years and (2) to determine the differences between poor,average and good performers with regard to the development of theseskills. Twice each year two standardized tests for each skill wereadministered. For two successive periods, one of the tests for each

Cor Aarnoutse; Jan van Leeuwe; Marinus Voeten; Han Oud

2001-01-01

297

Comprehensive Services for Children: Third Year Evaluation Report. Dothan City Schools Title III Project.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A 3-year Title III project provided inservice training to 183 elementary teachers in methods of improving behavior, academic performance, and affective reactions of children with socio-emotional conflicts treatable in the regular classroom. The program included summer workshops and released-time training during the school year in indepth…

Human Resources Research Organization, Dothan, AL. Div. 6.

298

The American Citizen: 11 Years After High School.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Data on the responses of nearly 54,000 individuals from the original sample of approximately 200,000 11th and 12th grade students are presented in an 11-year followup on the 1960 Project TALENT survey. Information is arranged regarding the educational, career, and personal and family experiences of the group, and their reflections on the value of…

Wilson, Sandra Reitz; Wise, Lauress L.

299

10 Years of Media Literacy Education in K-12 Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

When the author started working with teachers and students on classroom multimedia productions a little over 10 years ago, he had not yet encountered the term "media literacy", nor did he realize he had joined a long standing international movement of media literacy educators. Serendipitous exposure to "old-media" texts by Neil Postman and Noam…

Daunic, Rhys

2011-01-01

300

Using Fuzzy Logic to Identify Schools Which May Be Misclassified by the No Child Left Behind Adequate Yearly Progress Policy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This investigation developed, tested, and prototyped a Fuzzy Inference System (FIS) that would assist decision makers in identifying schools that may have been misclassified by existing Adequate Yearly Progress (AYP) methods. This prototype was then used to evaluate Louisiana elementary schools using published school data for Academic Year 2004. …

Yates, Donald W.

2009-01-01

301

How Many Schools Have Not Made Adequate Yearly Progress under the No Child Left Behind Act? August 2010 Update  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Drawing on data from state departments of education and other public sources, this report estimates the number and percentage of public schools that did not make adequate yearly progress. The report finds that approximately one-third of the nation's public schools did not make AYP in school year 2008-09, although the number varied greatly by…

Dietz, Shelby

2010-01-01

302

Students' Use of Tutoring Services, by Adequate Yearly Progress Status of School. Statistics in Brief. NCES 2010-023  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This Statistics in Brief contributes to current research by investigating the use of tutoring services among a nationally representative group of public school students enrolled in grades K-12. The report compares students in schools that have not made Adequate Yearly Progress (AYP) for 3 or more years, and were thereby enrolled in schools that…

Warkentien, Siri; Grady, Sarah

2009-01-01

303

The Effects of Year-Round Schools on the Hospitality Industry's Seasonal Labor Force in the State of Tennessee.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Data collected from 66 managers in Tennessee tourist attractions indicate that 53 percent of seasonal workers in Tennessee come from the school system. The proposal to implement year-round schools would drastically increase the tourism industry's labor shortage. An alternative labor force needs to be identified and the issue of year-round schools

Pickeral, Lyn M.; Hubbard, Susan

2002-01-01

304

Thirty-five years of end-of-life issues in US medical schools.  

PubMed

The objective of this study was to examine US medical school offerings on end-of-life issues between 1975 and 2010. Data were obtained from a mailed survey to the US medical schools in 1975, 1980, 1985, 1990, 1995, 2000, 2005, and 2010. Survey response rates for the 8 points in time (in percentages) were 95, 96, 90, 90, 93, 92, 81, and 79, respectively. Between 1975 and 2010, the overall offerings in death and dying increased so that 100% of US medical schools, beginning in 2000, offered something on death and dying. A multidisciplinary-team approach continued over the 35-year period. Palliative care is offered to some extent in 99% of US medical schools today. Numerous end-of-life topics are currently covered in the curriculum. Increased attention to end-of-life issues in medical schools should enhance medical students' relationship with terminally ill patients and their families. PMID:21282128

Dickinson, George E

2011-09-01

305

Shoulder Injuries Among United States High School Athletes During the 2005–2006 and 2006–2007 School Years  

PubMed Central

Context: The shoulder is one of the most commonly injured body sites among athletes. Little previous research describes shoulder injury patterns in high school athletes. Objective: To describe and compare shoulder injury rates and patterns among high school athletes in 9 sports (football, soccer, basketball, baseball, and wrestling for boys and soccer, volleyball, basketball, and softball for girls). Design: Prospective injury surveillance study. Setting: Injury data were collected from 100 nationally representative US high schools via High School Reporting Information Online. Patients or Other Participants: Athletes from participating high schools injured while involved in a school-sanctioned practice or competition in 1 of the above sports during the 2005–2006 and 2006–2007 school years. Main Outcome Measure(s): Shoulder injury rates, diagnoses, severity, and mechanisms. Results: During the 2005–2006 and 2006–2007 school years, athletes in this study sustained 805 shoulder injuries during 3?550?141 athlete-exposures (AEs), for an injury rate of 2.27 shoulder injuries per 10?000 AEs. This corresponds to an estimated 232?258 shoulder injuries occurring nationwide during this time. Shoulder injuries were more likely to occur during competition than practice (rate ratio ?=? 3.01, 95% confidence interval ?=? 2.62, 3.46). Shoulder injury rates per 10?000 AEs were highest in football (5.09), wrestling (4.34), and baseball (1.90). Common shoulder injury diagnoses included sprains/strains (39.6%), dislocations/separations (23.7%), contusions (11.5%), and fractures (6.6%). Although 44.8% of athletes sustaining a shoulder injury returned to play in less than 1 week, 22.9% were out of play for more than 3 weeks, and 6.2% of shoulder injuries required surgery. Common mechanisms of shoulder injury included player-to-player contact (57.6%) and contact with the playing surface (22.8%). Conclusions: High school shoulder injury rates and patterns varied by sport. Continued surveillance is warranted to understand trends and patterns over time and to develop and evaluate evidence-based preventive interventions. PMID:19180222

Bonza, John E; Fields, Sarah K; Yard, Ellen E; Dawn Comstock, R

2009-01-01

306

Seasoning for the School Year: A Recipe for Success  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This unit is part of the Intel Corporation Innovation in Education site, dedicated to integrating technology in classrooms and providing tools and resources for educators. In this year-long unit, students observe the changes that trees and the Earth go through seasonally including the weather, day length, and their own habits. This unit contains a summary, curriculum framing questions to begin the unit, instructional procedures, links for more resources, technology needed for the unit, and assessment ideas.

307

Trends in Concussion Incidence in High School Sports: A Prospective 11Year Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: Understanding the risk and trends of sports-related concussion among 12 scholastic sports may contribute to concussion detection, treatment, and prevention.Purpose: To examine the incidence and relative risk of concussion in 12 high school boys’ and girls’ sports between academic years 1997-1998 and 2007-2008.Study Design: Descriptive epidemiology study.Methods: Data were prospectively gathered for 25 schools in a large public high

Andrew E. Lincoln; Shane V. Caswell; Jon L. Almquist; Reginald E. Dunn; Joseph B. Norris; Richard Y. Hinton

2011-01-01

308

Evaluation of a Two-Year Middle-School Physical Education Intervention: M-SPAN  

Microsoft Academic Search

MCKENZIE, T. L., J. F. SALLIS, J. J. PROCHASKA, T. L. CONWAY, S. J. MARSHALL, and P. ROSENGARD. Evaluation of a Two-Year Middle-School Physical Education Intervention: M-SPAN. Med. Sci. Sports Exerc., Vol. 36, No. 8, pp. 1382-1388, 2004. Purpose: School physical education (PE) is highly recommended as a means of promoting physical activity, and randomized studies of health-related PE interventions

THOMAS L. MCKENZIE; JAMES F. SALLIS; JUDITH J. PROCHASKA; TERRY L. CONWAY; SIMON J. MARSHALL; PAUL ROSENGARD

2004-01-01

309

Graduation and Dropout Statistics: For Washington's Counties, Districts, and Schools, School Year 2004-2005  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The consequences of not graduating from high school are increasingly serious for both individuals and society as a whole. As a result, state and federal accountability systems now require reporting of more detailed graduation and dropout data. The federal No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 (NCLB) requires states to report disaggregated "on-time"…

Ireland, Lisa

2006-01-01

310

Radon testing in schools in New York State: a 20-year summary.  

PubMed

For nearly 20 years the Department of Health has conducted programs to assist in the measurement and reduction of indoor radon concentrations in 186 schools located primarily in Zone 1 areas of New York State. Although many schools had few or no rooms containing radon above 148 Bq/m(3), some rooms had >740 Bq/m(3) and remediation techniques were utilized to reduce exposure. Short-term radon measurements in the schools showed little correlation to basement and first-floor radon results from single-family homes in the towns. PMID:25117690

Kitto, Michael

2014-11-01

311

A two-year perspective: who may ease the burden of girls’ loneliness in school?  

PubMed Central

Background Loneliness is negatively related to good health and wellbeing, especially among girls. There is little research, however, on factors that may ease the burdens of loneliness in the school setting. Thus, we explored the relationship between girls’ loneliness and later school wellbeing adjusted for other adversities. Furthermore, we assessed the significance of having someone whom the girl trusted by investigating possible modifying influences on the addressed association. Methods Altogether, 119 girls in grades 1–8 provided baseline data and answered the same set of questions two years later. Logistic regression models including perceived academic problems, victimisation by bullying, loneliness and trusted others were tested with bad versus good school wellbeing two years later as outcome using SPSS. Results In the multivariable analysis of loneliness, academic problems, and victimisation, loneliness was the only variable showing a strong and negative contribution to later school wellbeing. Next, demonstrated in separate models; the inclusion of having a trusted class advisor fully attenuated the association of loneliness with later school wellbeing. In contrast, other trusted teachers, trusted parents, or trusted students did not affect the association. Conclusions Loneliness in girls strongly predicted school wellbeing two years later. However, having a class advisor whom the girl trusted to contact in hurtful situations clearly reduced the burden of loneliness. This finding highlights the clinical importance of stability, long-lasting relations, and trust that main teachers may represent for lonely girls. PMID:24712912

2014-01-01

312

Improving Elementary School Quality Through the Use of a Social-Emotional and Character Development Program: A Matched-Pair, Cluster-Randomized, Controlled Trial in Hawai’i  

PubMed Central

BACKGROUND School safety and quality affect student learning and success. This study examined the effects of a comprehensive elementary school-wide social-emotional and character education program, Positive Action, on teacher, parent, and student perceptions of school safety and quality utilizing a matched-pair, cluster-randomized, controlled design. The Positive Action Hawai’i trial included 20 racially/ethnically diverse schools and was conducted from 2002–2003 through 2005–2006. METHODS School-level archival data, collected by the Hawai’i Department of Education, were used to examine program effects at 1-year post-trial. Teacher, parent, and student data were analyzed to examine indicators of school quality such as student safety and well-being, involvement, and satisfaction, as well as overall school quality. Matched-paired t-tests were used for the primary analysis, and sensitivity analyses included permutation tests and random-intercept growth curve models. RESULTS Analyses comparing change from baseline to 1-year post-trial revealed that intervention schools demonstrated significantly improved school quality compared to control schools, with 21%, 13%, and 16% better overall school quality scores as reported by teachers, parents, and students, respectively. Teacher, parent, and student reports on individual school-quality indicators showed improvement in student safety and well-being, involvement, satisfaction, quality student support, focused and sustained action, standards-based learning, professionalism and system capacity, and coordinated team work. Teacher reports also showed an improvement in the responsiveness of the system. CONCLUSIONS School quality was substantially improved, providing evidence that a school-wide social-emotional and character education program can enhance school quality and facilitate whole-school change. PMID:22142170

Snyder, Frank J.; Vuchinich, Samuel; Acock, Alan; Washburn, Isaac J.; Flay, Brian R.

2012-01-01

313

School Resegregation: Residential and School Process Study. A Collaborative Leadership Planning/Training Project, Third Year: 1978-79. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report summarizes the work undertaken by the Berkeley Unified School District's (BUSD) project to define a collaborative leadership planning/training model to combat school resegregation. In 1972, four years after full desegregation, the BUSD experienced a marked shift in the school population and its distribution. In 1976, the BUSD committed…

Williams, Georgia

314

An Examination of Principal Leadership Styles and Their Influence on School Performance as Measured by Adequate Yearly Progress at Selected Title I Elementary Schools in South Carolina  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to examine principal leadership styles and their influence on school performance as measured by adequate yearly progress at selected Title I schools in South Carolina. The main focus of the research study was to complete descriptive statistics on principal leadership styles in schools that met or did not meet adequate…

Martin, Tammy Faith

2012-01-01

315

A School-Randomized Clinical Trial of an Integrated Social-Emotional Learning and Literacy Intervention: Impacts after 1 School Year  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: To report experimental impacts of a universal, integrated school-based intervention in social-emotional learning and literacy development on change over 1 school year in 3rd-grade children's social-emotional, behavioral, and academic outcomes. Method: This study employed a school-randomized, experimental design and included 942…

Jones, Stephanie M.; Brown, Joshua L.; Hoglund, Wendy L. G.; Aber, J. Lawrence

2010-01-01

316

Numbers and Types of Public Elementary and Secondary Schools from the Common Core of Data: School Year 2005-06. First Look. NCES 2007-354  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report presents findings on the numbers and types of public elementary and secondary schools in the United States and other jurisdictions in the 2005-06 school year, using data from the Public Elementary/Secondary School Universe Survey of the Common Core of Data (CCD) survey system. Data are presented on: (1) the number of operating public…

Hoffman, Lee

2007-01-01

317

2012 SUMMER HOUSING INFORMATION As you look toward the end of this school year and are planning to enroll in Summer School  

E-print Network

no later than Friday, April 20 for housing beginning Term 1. Prices and term dates have not yet been2012 SUMMER HOUSING INFORMATION As you look toward the end of this school year and are planning to enroll in Summer School courses, on-campus summer school residence hall housing will be available

Bogaerts, Steven

318

Public Elementary and Secondary Students, Staff, Schools, and School Districts: School Year 2003-04. E.D. TAB. NCES 2006-307  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report presents information about public elementary and secondary education for the 2003-04 school year. The data were provided by state education agencies through the Common Core of Data (CCD) survey system, a universe data collection that includes the 50 states, the District of Columbia, the Bureau of Indian Affairs, Department of Defense…

Hoffman, Lee; Sable, Jennifer

2006-01-01

319

Public Elementary and Secondary Students, Staff, Schools, and School Districts: School Year 2002?03. E.D. TAB. NCES 2005-314  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report presents information about public elementary and secondary education for the 2002-03 school year. The data were provided by state education agencies through the Common Core of Data (CCD) survey system. Discussion of data is limited to the 50 states and the District of Columbia and excludes the Bureau of Indian Affairs, Department of…

Hoffman, Lee; Sable, Jennifer; Naum, Julia; Gray, Dell

2005-01-01

320

"Focus" on the Alternative School Calendar: Year-Round School Programs and Update on the Four-Day School Week. Challenge to Lead  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In recent years, lean economic conditions have led to state and local agency budget cuts, including reductions to elementary and secondary education. To compensate for less state funding and decreasing local revenues, many state legislatures have passed policy and funding bills that give school systems more latitude in making finance and program…

Dixon, Asenith

2011-01-01

321

Limited Effects of a 2-Year School-Based Physical Activity Intervention on Body Composition and Cardiorespiratory Fitness in 7-Year-Old Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of this study was to assess the effects of a 2-year cluster-randomized physical activity and dietary intervention program among 7-year-old (at baseline) elementary school participants on body composition and objectively measured cardiorespiratory fitness. Three pairs of schools were selected and matched, then randomly selected as either an…

Magnusson, Kristjan Thor; Hrafnkelsson, Hannes; Sigurgeirsson, Ingvar; Johannsson, Erlingur; Sveinsson, Thorarinn

2012-01-01

322

Perceived Factors Influencing High School Student Participation in an Integrated Statewide Dual Credit Program: An Examination of Program Success and Student Higher Education Selection Decisions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Dual credit programs have become increasingly popular with 71% U.S. public high schools offering dual credit courses in 2002-2003. As this popularity has grown, so have concerns regarding academic rigor, course quality, parity with college courses, and effects on higher education. Determining actual dual credit course equivalent in higher…

Touchstone, Allison J. L.

2010-01-01

323

Literacy Growth in the Academic Year versus Summer from Preschool through Second Grade: Differential Effects of Schooling across Four Skills  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Differences in literacy growth over the summer versus the school year were examined to isolate how schooling affects children's literacy development from preschool through second grade across four literacy skills. Children (n = 383) were tested individually twice each year for up to 4 years on measures of phonological awareness, decoding, reading…

Skibbe, Lori E.; Grimm, Kevin J.; Bowles, Ryan P.; Morrison, Frederick J.

2012-01-01

324

A student with exceptional scholastic achievement through their junior year of high school may be considered for early admission if recommended by the high school principal. Early admission is designed for students who desire to leave high school entirely  

E-print Network

A student with exceptional scholastic achievement through their junior year of high school may be considered for early admission if recommended by the high school principal. Early admission is designed for students who desire to leave high school entirely after their junior year and attend the University of Utah

Tipple, Brett

325

Polar stratospheric cloud observations by MIPAS on ENVISAT: detection method, validation and analysis of the northern hemisphere winter 2002/2003  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Michelson Interferometer for Passive Atmospheric Sounding (MIPAS) on ENVISAT has made extensive measurements of polar stratospheric clouds (PSCs) in the northern hemisphere winter 2002/2003. A PSC detection method, based on a ratio of radiances (the cloud index), has been implemented for MIPAS and is validated in this study with respect to ground based lidar and space borne occultation measurements. A very good correspondence in PSC sighting and cloud altitude between MIPAS detections and those of other instruments is found for cloud index values less than four. Comparisons with data from the Stratospheric Aerosol and Gas Experiment (SAGE) III are used to show further that the sensitivity of the MIPAS detection method for this threshold value of cloud index is approximately equivalent to an extinction limit of 10-3 km-1 at 1022 nm, a wavelength used by solar occultation experiments. The MIPAS cloud index data are subsequently used to examine, for the first time with any technique, the evolution of PSCs throughout the Arctic polar vortex up to a latitude of 90° north on a near-daily basis. We find that the winter of 2002/2003 is characterised by three phases of very different PSC activity: First, an unusual, extremely cold phase in the first three weeks of December resulted in high PSC occurrence rates. This was followed by a second phase of only moderate PSC activity from 5-13 January, separated from the first phase by a minor warming event. Finally there was a third phase from February to end of March where only sporadic and mostly weak PSC events took place. The composition of PSCs during the winter period has also been examined, exploiting particularly an infra-red spectral signature which is probably characteristic of NAT. The MIPAS observations show the presence of these particles on a number of occasions in December but very rarely in January. The PSC type differentiation from MIPAS indicates that future comparisons of PSC observations with microphysical and denitrification models might be revealing about aspects of solid particle existence and location.

Spang, R.; Remedios, J. J.; Kramer, L. J.; Poole, L. R.; Fromm, M. D.; Müller, M.; Baumgarten, G.; Konopka, P.

2004-10-01

326

Polar stratospheric cloud observations by MIPAS on ENVISAT: detection method, validation and analysis of the northern hemisphere winter 2002/2003  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Michelson Interferometer for Passive Atmospheric Sounding (MIPAS) on ENVISAT has made extensive measurements of polar stratospheric clouds (PSCs) in the northern hemisphere winter 2002/2003. A PSC detection method based on a ratio of radiances (the cloud index) has been implemented for MIPAS and is validated in this study with respect to ground-based lidar and space borne occultation measurements. A very good correspondence in PSC sighting and cloud altitude between MIPAS detections and those of other instruments is found for cloud index values of less than four. Comparisons with data from the Stratospheric Aerosol and Gas Experiment (SAGE) III are used to further show that the sensitivity of the MIPAS detection method for this threshold value of cloud index is approximately equivalent to an extinction limit of 10-3km-1 at 1022nm, a wavelength used by solar occultation experiments. The MIPAS cloud index data are subsequently used to examine, for the first time with any technique, the evolution of PSCs throughout the Arctic polar vortex up to a latitude close to 90° north on a near-daily basis. We find that the winter of 2002/2003 is characterised by three phases of very different PSC activity. First, an unusual, extremely cold phase in the first three weeks of December resulted in high PSC occurrence rates. This was followed by a second phase of only moderate PSC activity from 5-13 January, separated from the first phase by a minor warming event. Finally there was a third phase from February to the end of March where only sporadic and mostly weak PSC events took place. The composition of PSCs during the winter period has also been examined, exploiting in particular an infra-red spectral signature which is probably characteristic of NAT. The MIPAS observations show the presence of these particles on a number of occasions in December but very rarely in January. The PSC type differentiation from MIPAS indicates that future comparisons of PSC observations with microphysical and denitrification models might be revealing about aspects of solid particle existence and location.

Spang, R.; Remedios, J. J.; Kramer, L. J.; Poole, L. R.; Fromm, M. D.; Müller, M.; Baumgarten, G.; Konopka, P.

2005-03-01

327

Predictors of Adolescents' Academic Achievement and Engagement in School (R)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Research conducted during 1999-2000 investigating adolescents at risk, led to the development of a short form questionnaire (ISM-S) specifically calibrated to distinguish between the intention to either complete or leave school. Using the four subscales of this instrument (ISM-S) and obtaining teacher's ratings on the likelihood of students' intention to leave, research was conducted during 2002-2003 on five hundred and

Margaret H. Vickers; Katrina B. Simpson; Tim Fitzgerald; Martin Dowson

328

Year 1 Evaluation of Nebraska's Statewide Plan: Connecting Schools to the Internet.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews activities in the first year of a Nebraska plan to connect K-12 schools to the Internet, including: installing UNIX-based computers; developing a statewide training program; hiring; distributing support materials; and devising a formative evaluation process. Trends in teacher and student Internet use and eight projects in classroom…

Topp, Neal W.; Grandgenett, Neal

1996-01-01

329

Pittsburgh Public Schools' Excellence for All: Year 2 Evaluation. Documented Briefing. DB-575-PPS  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 2007, the Pittsburgh Public Schools (PPS) requested that the RAND Corporation monitor implementation of year 2 (2007-2008) of the district's Excellence for All (EFA) initiative and provide feedback to district staff, the PPS board, and other stakeholders. In 2008, RAND expanded to a more comprehensive focus on effective implementation of EFA's…

Tharp-Taylor, Shannah; Nelson, Catherine Awsumb; Hamilton, Laura S.; Yuan, Kun

2009-01-01

330

Dissertation Research in School Psychology: Changes in Topics and Methodology over the Past 25 Years  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Eighty school psychology programs offering training at the doctoral level were contacted with a request for lists of authors, titles, and abstracts of dissertations completed between the years 2000 and 2007. Titles and abstracts from 1119 dissertations were reviewed to assess the interests and experiences of new researchers and practitioners in…

Lekwa, Adam; Ysseldyke, Jim

2010-01-01

331

Terrel H. Bell School Reform Network First-Year Implementation Evaluation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 1998, the Network expanded its project in Connecticut to a series of 10-day workshop. The Network brought together representative 12-member teams from eight Title I elementary schools to learn about successful research-based reform models and best practices. The teams designed a 3-year Reform Blueprint with goals and objectives, including…

Banks, Debra L.

332

Public School Voice Clinics, Part II: Diagnosis and Recommendations--A 10-Year Review.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 10 years of school district voice clinics, 249 cases were reviewed. Vocal nodules, chronic laryngitis and thickened cords were frequently noted. One-third of the cases had concomitant allergies, ear, and/or upper respiratory problems. Direct voice therapy was recommended for 65 percent of attendees. (Author/CL)

Miller, Sandra Q.; Madison, Charles L.

1984-01-01

333

Determining the Numeracy and Algebra Errors of Students in a Two-Year Vocational School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The goal of this study was to determine the mathematics achievement level in basic numeracy and algebra concepts of students in a two-year program in a technical vocational school of higher education and determine the errors that they make in these topics. The researcher developed a diagnostic mathematics achievement test related to numeracy and…

Akyüz, Gözde

2015-01-01

334

A Ten-Year Plan for Indian Education: With Particular Reference to Navajo Community Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The 10-year plan for American Indian Education, though overall in its intent, is presented with special reference to the Community Schools on the Navajo Reservation. The plan is based on convictions that facility in the use of the English language is a prime necessity for both children and adults; that a continually enriched environment is…

Stout, Irving W.

335

Mississippi Department of Education 2011 Superintendent's Annual Report, School Year 2009-2010  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In accordance with the requirements of Section 37-3-11 of the Mississippi Code of 1972, Annotated, this report contains pertinent financial, statistical and other important information at the state and local district levels. The following are presented for the 2009-2010 academic year: (1) Receipts for Public Schools; (2) Expenditures for Public…

Mississippi Department of Education, 2011

2011-01-01

336

The Principal's Guide to the First 100 Days of the School Year: Creating Instructional Momentum  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For veteran principals, new principals, and aspiring principals, this book is a valuable resource for building instructional momentum during the beginning of the school year. Educational leadership expert Shawn Joseph guides administrators through five key areas: (1) Vision; (2) Instructional Leadership; (3) Politics; (4) Data; and (5) Planning.

Joseph, Shawn

2012-01-01

337

Elementary to High School Students' Growth over an Academic Year in Understanding Concepts of Matter  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reports findings on the changes in students' understandings of the concept of matter during an academic year, for students from grade 3 through high school chemistry. The instrument for measuring students' understandings of matter consists of three forms: one for grades 3-6, one for grades 7-9, and one for grades 10-12. The three forms…

Liu, Xiufeng

2007-01-01

338

Enhancing First Year Undergraduate Student Engagement via the School of Biological Sciences Tutorials Module  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The transition to undergraduate study is often a challenging step for students as they progress from relatively smaller school/college classes with a high degree of contact time with familiar staff to a university department where one-on-one interaction with staff members is significantly reduced. The first year tutorials module offers one of the…

McDonald, James E.; Robinson, Rosanna L.

2014-01-01

339

A Program in the Making: Year 1 Annual Report. NASA Explorer Schools Evaluation Brief 3  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The briefs in the NES Evaluation Briefs series provide updates on evaluation results relevant to the design, implementation, and impact of the NES program. This Brief highlights how the program was implemented in Year 1. The Brief provides contextual information about participating schools, organizational approaches to participation, strategic…

Hernandez, Victor; McGee, Steven; Reese, Debbie Denise; Kirby, Jennifer; Martin, Judy

2004-01-01

340

Enhancing Students' Engagement: Report of a 3-Year Intervention with Middle School Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

All teachers (N = 32) at one middle school participated in a university-led intervention to improve student engagement. Teachers discussed four principles of motivation and related instructional strategies. Teachers enacted instructional strategies in their classrooms. We observed six randomly selected teachers and their students over 3 years.…

Turner, Julianne C.; Christensen, Andrea; Kackar-Cam, Hayal Z.; Trucano, Meg; Fulmer, Sara M.

2014-01-01

341

Suitability of School Textbooks for 5 to 7 Year Old Children with Colour Vision Deficiencies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The aim of the present study was to determine, through colorimetric analysis, whether school textbooks for children aged 5 to 7 years contained tasks requiring normal colour vision discrimination for their resolution. In addition, the performance of a group of observers with diverse colour vision deficiencies was evaluated while…

Torrents, Aurora; Bofill, Francesc; Cardona, Genis

2011-01-01

342

Grade 12 Diploma Examinations Program. English 30 & English 33. 1985-86 School Year.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Intended for teachers and students, this document presents updated information about the design, the sections, and the scoring of the Grade 12 diploma examinations in English 30 and 33 for the 1985-86 school year in Alberta, Canada. It contains blueprints illustrating the relationship between the content and scoring of writing and reading test…

Alberta Dept. of Education, Edmonton.

343

Grade 12 Diploma Examinations Program Bulletin. English 30 & English 33. 1986-87 School Year.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Intended for teachers and students, this document updates information about the design, sections, and scoring of the Grade 12 diploma examinations in English 30 and 33 for the 1986-87 school year in Alberta, Canada. It contains blueprints illustrating the relationship between the content and scoring of writing and reading test assignments and…

Alberta Dept. of Education, Edmonton.

344

Grade 12 Diploma Examinations Program Bulletin. English 30 & English 33. 1987-88 School Year.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Intended to help teachers prepare students for the Alberta (Canada) Grade 12 diploma examinations, this bulletin updates information about the design, sections, and scoring of the examinations in English 30 and 33 for the 1987-88 school year. Following a summary of the substantial revisions the examinations have undergone for this current edition,…

Alberta Dept. of Education, Edmonton.

345

The Influence of School Socioeconomic Status on First-Year Teachers' Emotions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined first-year teachers' (FYTs) experiences at high poverty and non-high poverty schools, exploring their emotional responses to critical incidents. Twenty-eight FYTs were interviewed. The results highlighted the influence of FYT's interactions with students, coworkers, administrators, and parents on their emotions. FYTs at high…

Darby, Alexa; Mihans, Richard; Gonzalez, Kirsten; Lyons, Mary; Goldstein, Julie; Anderson, Kelly

2011-01-01

346

Surgical Clinical Correlates in Anatomy: Design and Implementation of a First-Year Medical School Program  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This article describes the addition of a clinical program to a first year medical school curriculum. 25 students were randomly selected to participate in the program. Immediate outcomes measured include:pre-post opinion survey and examination grades. Future outcomes will analyze how this population vs. the traditional track students perform in course exams, clinical surgical rotation scores and residency matches.

2009-11-01

347

Gender in the Early Years: Boys and Girls in an African Working Class Primary School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Understanding the ways in which young boys and girls give meaning to gender and sexuality is vital, and is especially significant in the light of South Africa's commitment to gender equality. Yet the, gendered cultures of young children in the early years of South African primary schools remains a, marginal concern in debate, research and…

Bhana, Deevia; Nzimakwe, Thokozani; Nzimakwe, Phumzile

2011-01-01

348

Veterinary Science Technology: A Suggested Two-Year Post High School Curriculum.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Designed to aid States in planning and developing two-year post-high school programs in veterinary science technology, the curriculum guide presents a suggested curriculum for a training program in veterinary science technology, with an option in meat inspection and regulatory technology effective in the fourth semester of the training period.…

State Univ. of New York, Delhi. Agricultural and Technical Coll.

349

The Impact of Years of Teaching Experience on the Classroom Management Approaches of Elementary School Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study provided a basis for answering the following essential question: Does the years of experience affect teachers' classroom management approaches? Data were collected from 268 primary school teachers. The findings of this study demonstrated that experienced teachers are more likely to prefer to be in control in their classrooms than…

Unal, Zafer; Unal, Aslihan

2012-01-01

350

W.P. Carey School of Business Business (Communication) BA TAG -Catalogue Year 2010-2011  

E-print Network

W.P. Carey School of Business Business (Communication) BA TAG - Catalogue Year 2010-2011 Completion, satisfies AGEC-B, meets major map requirements at ASU and guarantees admission to the Business (Communication) B.A. degree program. Special Requirements: In addition to university requirements, the W. P

Zhang, Junshan

351

Psychiatry in the Harvard Medical School-Cambridge Integrated Clerkship: An Innovative, Year-Long Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: The authors present what is to their knowledge the first description of a model for longitudinal third-year medical student psychiatry education. Method: A longitudinal, integrated psychiatric curriculum was developed, implemented, and sustained within the Harvard Medical School-Cambridge Integrated Clerkship. Curriculum elements…

Griswold, Todd; Bullock, Christopher; Gaufberg, Elizabeth; Albanese, Mark; Bonilla, Pedro; Dvorak, Ramona; Epelbaum, Claudia; Givon, Lior; Kueppenbender, Karsten; Joseph, Robert; Boyd, J. Wesley; Shtasel, Derri

2012-01-01

352

A One-Year Study of the Development of Co-Teaching in Four Finnish Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this follow-up study, development of co-teaching was studied in four different schools in Helsinki, Finland. Teachers, altogether 54, 51 and 26, respectively, responded to an electronic questionnaire three times during one year. The attitudes towards co-teaching were positive although the frequency of co-teaching remained low. Co-teaching was…

Takala, Marjatta; Uusitalo-Malmivaara, Lotta

2012-01-01

353

How to Build Powerful Learning Trajectories for Relational Thinking in the Primary School Years  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There are now strong arguments for building closer links between children's understanding of numbers and number operations and the beginning of algebraic (relational) thinking in the primary school years. Rarely, however, do Australian mathematics textbooks give enough guidance for teachers to use good activities in the classroom to promote…

Stephens, Max; Armanto, Dian

2010-01-01

354

WSU-School of Medicine Criminal Background Check Guidelines Academic Year 2011-2012  

E-print Network

WSU-School of Medicine Criminal Background Check Guidelines Academic Year 2011-2012 Revised 1 the need to conduct criminal background checks on all enrolled medical students. Based of a criminal background check policy is necessary. POLICY: 1. Beginning in August 2010, all matriculating

Cinabro, David

355

WSU-School of Medicine Criminal Background Check Guidelines Academic Year 2010-2011  

E-print Network

WSU-School of Medicine Criminal Background Check Guidelines Academic Year 2010-2011 PURPOSE criminal background checks on all enrolled medical students. Based on the recommendation ofthe AAMC and the expectations of our clinical partners, the immediate implementation of a criminal background check policy

Rajlich, Vaclav

356

First-Year Secondary School Mathematics Students' Conceptions of Mathematical Proofs and Proving  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of this study is to investigate students' conceptions about proof in mathematics and mathematics teaching. A five-point Likert-type questionnaire was administered in order to gather data. The sample of the study included 33 first-year secondary school mathematics students (at the same time student teachers). The data collected were…

Basturk, Savas

2010-01-01

357

Leadership and Change in Schools: Personal Reflections over the Last 30 Years  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The two fields of leadership studies and school change have increasingly converged over the last 30 years. This paper reviews the origins of the intersection, and the development of research themes in three areas: The role of leaders in shaping and using organizational culture, the agency of teachers in the change process, and the importance of…

Seashore, Karen R.

2009-01-01

358

Student Scheduling in a Year-Round Middle School. A Simulation Notebook.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents a model of a successful student scheduling pattern for a 45-15 year-round middle school (grades 6-8). The model allows for scheduling 100 percent of resource lab teaching time for all the student population in attendance at any one time, and formulates a house design and team teaching structure that facilitates smooth ingress…

Whitley, Alfred C.

359

Reading and Related Skills in the Early School Years: Are Boys Really More Likely to Struggle?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined whether boys and girls in the early school years differed in reading and related skills, and their rates of progress. Gender ratios were calculated to ascertain whether there were more boys than girls who struggle with different facets of reading, and whether the variability of boys' scores resulted in more boys being…

Limbrick, Lisa; Wheldall, Kevin; Madelaine, Alison

2012-01-01

360

The Class of 1988: Fifteen Years after Library School, What Do Their Careers Say about Yours?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For a closer look at the career paths of librarians, LJ (Library Journal) targeted the 1988 graduates of UCLA's Graduate School of Library and Information Science (now known as GSEIS). Using 15 years as a mid-career benchmark, LJ hoped to learn how the careers of the Class of 1988 had developed and how these graduates viewed their career paths to…

Jacobsen, Teresa L.

2004-01-01

361

Public Relations in Catholic Secondary Schools: Nearly 40 Years of Continuous Improvement  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article traces the phenomenal improvement in public relations efforts over the past 40 years made by Catholic secondary schools. The improvements were brought about by crises, a theological paradigm shift, professional lay involvement, a growing awareness and appreciation of public relations, competition, and increasing financial need. The…

James, John T.

2004-01-01

362

Adolescent Summer Care Arrangements and Risk for Obesity the Following School Year  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This longitudinal study identified common summer care arrangements for adolescents and examined whether those arrangements predicted risk for obesity (Body Mass Index (BMI) [greater than or equal to] 85th percentile for age and gender) the following school year. Participants were a nationally representative sample of 1766 adolescents ages 10-18…

Mahoney, Joseph L.

2011-01-01

363

Measuring High School Mathematics Teachers' Concerns about Graphing Calculators and Change: A Year Long Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article discusses the impact of a year long professional development on high school mathematics teachers' concerns regarding the implementation of graphing calculators in their classrooms. Teachers' concerns were assessed at the beginning and end of the yearlong professional development using the Concerns Based Adoption Model Stages of…

Chamblee, Gregory E.; Slough, Scott W.; Wunsch, Gaye

2008-01-01

364

Association of classroom participation and examination performance in a first-year medical school course  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The advent of internet-based delivery of basic medical science lectures may unintentionally lead to decreased classroom attendance and participation, thereby creating a distance learning paradigm. In this study, we tested the hypothesis that classroom attendance/participation may be positively correlated with performance on a written examination for first-year medical school instruction.

Richard M Mills (Howard University College of Medicine Department of Physiology and Biophysics and Department of Medical Education)

2009-01-01

365

Effects of Year-Round Schooling on Disadvantaged Students and the Distribution of Standardized Test Performance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using detailed longitudinal data for the state of California, this paper estimates the effect of year-round school calendars on nationally standardized test performance of traditionally disadvantaged students. The student subgroups studied in this paper are: low socioeconomic status, limited English proficiency, Hispanic and Latino, and African…

Graves, Jennifer

2011-01-01

366

Duke University School of Nursing accepts two postdoctoral associates each year  

E-print Network

and children with life-threatening illnesses (stem cell transplant, cancer, palliative care); interviewingDuke University School of Nursing accepts two postdoctoral associates each year in developingD, RN, FAAN Marcus Hobbs Distinguished Professor of Nursing Director, Postdoctoral Program Duke

Reif, John H.

367

In Patience and Hope: A 20-Year Narrative Study of a Family, School, and Community Partnership  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This case study describes a 20-year journey of educational transformation from 1985 to 2005 in a bellwether, or highly developed, instance of one school, family, and community partnership--the Kileely Community Project--situated in a large social housing project in Limerick City in the Midwestern region of the Republic of Ireland. The study is a…

Higgins, Ann; Deegan, James G.

2009-01-01

368

Student Success in First-Year University Physics and Mathematics Courses: Does the High-School Attended Make a Difference?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper considers school factors that contribute to a successful transition from high school to first-year university Physics courses at the University of British Columbia by employing a two-level hierarchical model. It is assumed that there is a relationship between student performance and the high school they graduated from. It is shown that…

Adamuti-Trache, Maria; Bluman, George; Tiedje, Thomas

2013-01-01

369

International Education in a National Context: Introducing the International Baccalaureate Middle Years Programme in Dutch Public Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Some bilingual secondary schools in the Netherlands have introduced or are introducing the International Baccalaureate (IB) Middle Years Programme (MYP).The implementation of this international scheme at (semi-) public national Dutch schools proves anything but unproblematic. Based on a series of questionnaires filled out by school managers and…

Visser, Alderik

2010-01-01

370

School Funding Ten Years after Michigan's Proposal A: Does Equity Equal Adequacy? Chicago Fed Letter. Number 203  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Michigan's school finance reform aimed primarily to improve the equity in funding across school districts. Ten years later, policymakers are turning their attention to the adequacy of education--ensuring that schools provide a desired level of learning and the necessary resources to support student achievement. However, defining what is adequate…

Mattoon, Richard

2004-01-01

371

First-Year Principals in Urban School Districts: How Actions and Working Conditions Relate to Outcomes. Technical Report  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Principals new to their school face a variety of challenges that can influence their likelihood of improving their schools' performance and their likelihood of remaining the principal. Understanding the actions that principals take and the working conditions they face in the first year can inform efforts to promote school improvement and principal…

Burkhauser, Susan; Gates, Susan M.; Hamilton, Laura S.; Ikemoto, Gina Schuyler

2012-01-01

372

The sexual health of pupils in years 4 to 6 of primary schools in rural Tanzania  

PubMed Central

Background/objectives: There is an urgent need for effective interventions to improve the sexual and reproductive health of adolescents. Reliable data on the sexual health of adolescents are needed to guide the development of such interventions. The aim was to describe the sexual health of pupils in years 4 to 6 of 121 rural primary schools in north western Tanzania, before the implementation of an innovative sexual health intervention in 58 of the schools. Methods: A cross sectional survey of primary school pupils in rural Tanzania was carried out. The study population comprised pupils registered in years 4 to 6 of 121 primary schools in 20 rural communities in 1998. Basic demographic information was collected from all pupils seen. Those born before 1 January 1985 (aged approximately 14 years and over) were invited to participate in the survey, and asked about their knowledge and attitudes towards sexual health issues, and their sexual experience. A urine specimen was requested and tested for HIV, Chlamydia trachomatis (CT), Neisseria gonorrhoeae (NG) and, for females, pregnancy. Results: 9283 pupils born before 1 January 1985 were enrolled and provided demographic information and a urine sample. Male pupils were significantly older than females (mean age 15.5 years v 14.8 years, p<0.001), but all other demographic characteristics were similar between the sexes. 14 (0.2%) of the enrolled pupils (four male and 10 female) were HIV positive, 83 (0.9%) were positive for CT, and 12 (0.1%) for NG. 32 female pupils (0.8%) were positive by pregnancy test. Sexual experience was reported by one fifth of primary school girls, and by almost half of boys. Only 45/114 (39%) girls with biological markers of sexual activity reported having had sex. Conclusions: HIV, CT, NG, and pregnancy were present though at relatively low levels among pupils in years 4 to 6 of primary school. A high proportion of pupils with a biological marker of sexual activity denied ever having had sex. Alternative ways of collecting sensitive data about the sexual behaviour of school pupils should be explored. PMID:14755033

Todd, J; Changalucha, J; Ross, D; Mosha, F; Obasi, A; Plummer, M; Balira, R; Grosskurth, H; Mabey, D; Hayes, R

2004-01-01

373

Spatial distribution of free-of-charge pathology submissions to the California Animal Health and Food Safety laboratories during the exotic Newcastle outbreak in 2002-2003.  

PubMed

After the 1971-1973 outbreak of exotic Newcastle disease (END) in California, a free-of-charge diagnostic submission program was created for backyard poultry flocks. This program was implemented to improve disease surveillance in small poultry flocks. The aim of this study was to evaluate the spatial distribution of free-of-charge pathology submissions to the California Animal Health and Food Safety laboratories during the END outbreak in 2002-2003. Cases and controls were selected from within a 100-mile (161-km) radius of each of three laboratories, and their geographic distributions were evaluated. Global clustering of cases was significant around all three laboratories, with mixed results at the local clustering level and the only significant clustering at the focal level around the Davis laboratory with an observed to expected ratio of approximately 5. The area of influence for all three laboratories was about 20 miles (32 km). The significant clustering of cases around the laboratories indicates that more public information about the free-of-charge program could result in coverage of a larger portion of the population; however, the value of the information resulting from increased sampling should be considered relative to the additional cost of obtaining it. PMID:19431996

Soberano, Gustavo; Carpenter, A Tim E; Cardona, Carol; Charlton, Bruce

2009-03-01

374

Experimental pathogenesis for chickens, turkeys, and pigeons of exotic Newcastle disease virus from an outbreak in California during 2002-2003.  

PubMed

Exotic Newcastle disease virus (NDV) isolated from chickens during the 2002-2003 California outbreak (CA exotic Newcastle disease [END] virus) was inoculated into 4-week-old specific-pathogen-free (SPF) White Leghorn chickens, 3-week-old SPF Beltsville White turkeys, 6-week-old commercial Broad Breasted White turkeys, and 10- to 20-week-old racing pigeons, and the clinicopathologic features of disease were compared. Birds were monitored clinically and euthanized sequentially with collection of tissues. Tissues were examined by histopathology, by immunohistochemistry to detect viral nucleoprotein, and by in situ hybridization to detect viral mRNA. Clinically, infected chickens and SPF turkeys showed severe depression, and all died or were euthanized because of severe clinical signs by day 5 postinoculation. In these birds, histologic lesions were widespread and virus was detected in multiple organs. All infected commercial turkeys showed mild depression, and incoordination was observed in some birds. Histologic lesions were mild, and viral distribution was limited. In pigeons, only 1 bird showed overt clinical disease, and histologic lesions and viral distribution were present in limited organs. Consequently, susceptibility to highly virulent NDV was shown to vary among chickens, SPF turkeys, commercial turkeys, and pigeons. Additionally, we have evidence of CA END virus subclinical infections that suggest pigeons could be subclinical carriers of other virulent NDV. PMID:17099149

Wakamatsu, N; King, D J; Kapczynski, D R; Seal, B S; Brown, C C

2006-11-01

375

School-Based Decision Making: Linking Decisions to Learning. Third-Year Report to the Prichard Committee.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Under the Kentucky Education Reform Act (KERA), School-Based Decision Making (SBDM) is the provision that creates school councils and delegates to them the authority to make important educational decisions to improve student performance. This paper describes findings from the third year of a 5-year study of SBDM that focused on early examples of…

David, Jane L.

376

Summer Rejuvenation Guide: 10 Tips to Help You Relax, Reflect, and Recharge for the Coming School Year  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

During the rush of the school year, free time is an all-too-scarce commodity for busy teachers. Summer's another story. More relaxed schedules allow a little breathing room to reflect, collaborate, plan ahead--or just unwind. The time off is all important for helping teachers get reinvigorated and ready for the new school year. Whether your summer…

George Lucas Educational Foundation, 2010

2010-01-01

377

Project to Improve Equality of Educational Opportunities in Redlands, School Year 1969-70. Title IV Evaluation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This Title IV, Civil Rights Act evaluation of Projects to Improve Equality of Educational Opportunities in Redlands, school year 1969-1970, concludes that the outcomes of a year of desegregated education are as follows. Seventy percent of the parents said that their children are more interested in school and are receiving a better education today.…

Serrano, Tirso G.

378

The Relationship between First-Year Achievement and the Pedagogical-Didactical Fit between Secondary School and University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Central in this study is the degree to which the pedagogical-didactical approach in undergraduate programmes aligns with the pedagogical-didactical approach in secondary schools, and how this is related to first-year achievement. Approaches to teaching at secondary schools and in first-year university programmes were examined by interviewing…

Torenbeek, Marjolein; Jansen, Ellen; Hofman, Adriaan

2011-01-01

379

Worry, Optimism, and Expectations as Predictors of Anxiety and Performance in the First Year of Law School  

Microsoft Academic Search

Research suggests that worry, optimism, and expectations have subsequent effects on performance, which may be mediated through self-efficacy expectations. The first year of law school provides a unique naturalistic setting in which to study this process. Participants were recruited at orientation and assessed at five points during their first year of law school. Results indicated that worry was significantly related

Hoorie I. Siddique; V. Holland LaSalle-Ricci; Carol R. Glass; Diane B. Arnkoff; Rolando J. Díaz

2006-01-01

380

Vaccination coverage among children in kindergarten - United States, 2013-14 school year.  

PubMed

State and local vaccination requirements for school entry are implemented to maintain high vaccination coverage and protect schoolchildren from vaccine-preventable diseases. Each year, to assess state and national vaccination coverage and exemption levels among kindergartners, CDC analyzes school vaccination data collected by federally funded state, local, and territorial immunization programs. This report describes vaccination coverage in 49 states and the District of Columbia (DC) and vaccination exemption rates in 46 states and DC for children enrolled in kindergarten during the 2013-14 school year. Median vaccination coverage was 94.7% for 2 doses of measles, mumps, and rubella (MMR) vaccine; 95.0% for varying local requirements for diphtheria, tetanus toxoid, and acellular pertussis (DTaP) vaccine; and 93.3% for 2 doses of varicella vaccine among those states with a 2-dose requirement. The median total exemption rate was 1.8%. High exemption levels and suboptimal vaccination coverage leave children vulnerable to vaccine-preventable diseases. Although vaccination coverage among kindergartners for the majority of reporting states was at or near the 95% national Healthy People 2020 targets for 4 doses of DTaP, 2 doses of MMR, and 2 doses of varicella vaccine, low vaccination coverage and high exemption levels can cluster within communities. Immunization programs might have access to school vaccination coverage and exemption rates at a local level for counties, school districts, or schools that can identify areas where children are more vulnerable to vaccine-preventable diseases. Health promotion efforts in these local areas can be used to help parents understand the risks for vaccine-preventable diseases and the protection that vaccinations provide to their children. PMID:25321068

Seither, Ranee; Masalovich, Svetlana; Knighton, Cynthia L; Mellerson, Jenelle; Singleton, James A; Greby, Stacie M

2014-10-17

381

Text for MLR Year 2002 GUM Survey Basic Issue B.doc 22/07/08 1 SPECIES RICHNESS AND ABUNDANCE OF BIRDS IN  

E-print Network

Text for MLR Year 2002 GUM Survey Basic Issue B.doc 22/07/08 1 SPECIES RICHNESS AND ABUNDANCE OF BIRDS IN MT LOFTY RANGES GUM WOODLAND HABITAT: YEAR 2002 SURVEY Basic Issue B 29-03-2008 M. L patches of gum woodland in the spring and summer of 2002-2003. Each patch contained one or more 2-ha sites

Queensland, University of

382

School-level correlates of physical activity intensity in 10-year old children  

PubMed Central

Purpose Little is known about school environmental factors that promote or inhibit activity, especially from studies using objective measures in large representative samples. We therefore aimed to study associations between activity intensities and physical and social school environmental factors. Methods A population-based sample of 1908 British children (SPEEDY study), mean age 10.3 years (SD: 0.3), recruited from 92 schools across Norfolk, UK, with valid activity data (assessed with Actigraph accelerometers). Outcome measures were school-based (8am-4pm on weekdays) time (in minutes) spent in sedentary (<100 counts/min), moderate (2000-3999 counts/min) and vigorous (?4000 counts/min) activity. A total of 40 school physical and social environmental factors were assessed. Multivariable multilevel linear regression analyses adjusted for children’s sex and body mass index were conducted; interactions with sex were investigated. Results Availability of a ‘Park and Stride’ scheme was negatively associated with sedentary minutes (?7.74; 95%CI: ?14.8;?0.70). Minutes of moderate activity were associated with the availability of a lollypop person (1.33, 95%CI: 0.35;2.62) and objectively-assessed walking provision (1.70, 95%CI: 0.85;2.56). The number of sports facilities of at least medium quality (0.47, 95%CI: 0.16;0.79), not having a policy on physical activity (?2.28, 95%CI: ?3.62;?0.95), and, in boys only, provision of pedestrian training (1.89; 95%CI: 0.77;3.01) were associated with minutes of vigorous activity. Conclusions Only a small number of school-level factors were associated with children’s objectively-measured physical activity intensity, giving few pointers for potential future intervention efforts. Further research should focus on using objective measures to elucidate what factors may explain the school-level variance in activity levels. PMID:20854106

van Sluijs, Esther MF; Jones, Natalia R; Jones, Andrew P; Sharp, Stephen J; Harrison, Flo; Griffin, Simon J

2013-01-01

383

Salaries of Instructional and Administrative Nursing Faculty in Baccalaureate and Graduate Programs in Nursing, 2002-2003.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A survey was conducted to gather information on full-time nurse faculty salaries and related information such as gender, year of birth, race/ethnicity, degree level, rank, level and area of teaching, and tenure status. Findings, presented in numerous data tables, provide a benchmarking resource for comparing salary data on an academic and a…

Berlin, Linda E.; Stennett, Janis; Bednash, Geraldine D.

384

Public Elementary and Secondary School Student Enrollment and Staff Counts from the Common Core of Data: School Year 2010-11. First Look. NCES 2012-327  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report presents findings on the numbers of public school students and staff in the United States and other jurisdictions for school year 2010-11, using data from the State Nonfiscal Survey of Public Elementary/Secondary Education of the Common Core of Data (CCD) survey system. The CCD is an annual collection of data that are reported by state…

Keaton, Patrick

2012-01-01

385

Public Elementary and Secondary School Student Enrollment and Staff Counts from the Common Core of Data: School Year 2008-09. First Look. NCES 2010-347  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report presents findings on the numbers of public school students and staff in the United States and other jurisdictions in school year 2008-09, using data from the State Nonfiscal Survey of Public Elementary/Secondary Education of the Common Core of Data (CCD) survey system. The CCD is an annual collection of data that are reported by state…

Sable, Jennifer; Plotts, Chris

2010-01-01

386

Beyond School Desegregation: A Study of Student Perceptions and Needs in Six Suburban Township School Districts in Marion County, Indiana, Year Two. A Research Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This is the report of 1982 and 1983 studies of six suburban school districts in Marion County, Indiana. It analyzes student attitudes towards school desegregation in the second year of an ongoing, court-required student needs assessment. Part I introduces the study. Part II provides a legal history of integration problems in Marion County, the…

Harris, J. John, III; And Others

387

Public Elementary and Secondary School Student Enrollment and Staff from the Common Core of Data: School Year 2006-07. First Look. NCES 2009-305  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report presents findings on the numbers of public school students and staff in the United States and other jurisdictions in school year 2006-07, using data from the State Nonfiscal Survey of Public Elementary/Secondary Education of the Common Core of Data (CCD) survey system. The CCD is an annual collection of data that are reported by State…

Sable, Jennifer; Noel, Amber; Hoffman, Lee

2008-01-01

388

Analysis of Math and Reading Achievement Scores of Students Attending Year-Round Calendar Schools and Traditional Calendar Schools in Tennessee  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to determine if there were a significant difference in math and reading academic achievement scores between eighth-grade students attending year-round calendar schools and eighth-grade students attending traditional calendar schools based on the TCAP. In addition, this study investigated math and reading achievement…

Abakwue, Chimaeze Ikechi

2011-01-01

389

Water quality and heavy metal monitoring in water and sediment samples of the Küçükçekmece Lagoon, Turkey (2002–2003)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Physical and chemical parameters have been analyzed in water samples from a brackish water lagoon, Küçükçekmece, located on\\u000a the western outskirts of Istanbul. Samples were collected every two months for a year from nine sampling stations. Of the\\u000a parameters measured, temperature, pH, salinity, nitrate and phosphate showed changes when compared with the previously published\\u000a data. The lagoon was found eutrophic

Ömer Altun; Melek Türker Saçan; Ayten Kimiran Erdem

2009-01-01

390

Columbia Plateau Basin and Fifteenmile Subbasin Water Rights Acquisitons; Oregon Water Trust Combined Work Plan, 2002-2003 Final Report.  

SciTech Connect

This is the Final Report submitted regarding Oregon Water Trust's Combined Work Plan for fiscal year 2003, with the contract period April 2002 to May 2003. Of this 12 month period, six month were spent concluding our work for the 2002 irrigation season and six months were spent preparing for the 2003 irrigation season. After this grant was completed, projects were finished with funding from the Columbia Basin Water Transactions Program. Many of the 2003 irrigation season successes began in the fall of 2002, when projects were researched and partnerships were developed. Trout Creek Ranch was one of the large successes. During the 2003 irrigation season, 2.6 cfs was leased which led to a permanent instream transfer, protecting critical spawning habitat for summer steelhead in the Deschutes basin. Another success was the Walla Walla Lease Bank project. This project is an agreement between the OWT, the Walla Walla Irrigation District and 11 individual landowners. Through this single year lease, 7.9 cfs of water was legally protected in the Walla Walla River. The Vidando lease on Middle Fork John Day River was renewed for 2 more years, protecting 11.29 cfs. An innovative single year split-season lease was conducted with Voight on Standard Creek in the John Day basin to protect 4.93 cfs. Many other deals were conducted and the total was an impressive 50.43 cfs instream during 2003 and 9.39 cfs pending approval for the 2004 season. Included is a summary of the activities within the Fifteenmile subbasin and the Columbia Plateau basin by quarter and two tables. The summary of activities is broken down by objectives and quarters. The first summarizes the total cfs by type of lease or transfer. The second table lists all the projects by subbasin and provides project type, lease number, cfs, cost of acquisition, partners in the project and funding source.

Paulus, Fritz

2003-12-01

391

A Five-Year Systematic Study of Coteaching Science in 120 Primary Schools  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a This chapter explores ways in which coteaching can be used to address theoretical and practical problems in contemporary pre-service\\u000a teacher education. Many aspects of school education have changed over the last 50 years, particularly in relation to learner\\u000a characteristics, increasing levels of government regulation and bureaucracy, globalisation and political uncertainty. Pre-service\\u000a teacher education has not, in the main, embraced these

Colette Murphy; Jim Beggs

392

Single Parenthood and School Readiness in White, Black, and Hispanic 6- and 7-Year-Olds  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of this research was to examine the circumstances under which single parenthood may or may not represent an adverse influence on school readiness and achievement in 6–7-year-old children of White, Black, and Hispanic families in a large national survey (NLSY). Home visits provided measures of maternal and family characteristics and of children's vocabulary, math, reading, and behavior problems.

Henry N. Ricciuti

1999-01-01

393

Geology, tectonics, and the 2002-2003 eruption of the Semeru volcano, Indonesia: Interpreted from high-spatial resolution satellite imagery  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The paper illustrates the application of high-spatial resolution satellite images in interpreting volcanic structures and eruption impacts in the Tengger-Semeru massif in east Java, Indonesia. We use high-spatial resolution images (IKONOS and SPOT 5) and aerial photos in order to analyze the structures of Semeru volcano and map the deposits. Geological and tectonic mapping is based on two DEMs and on the interpretation of aerial photos and four SPOT and IKONOS optical satellite images acquired between 1996 and 2002. We also compared two thermal Surface Kinetic Temperature ASTER images before and after the 2002-2003 eruption in order to delineate and evaluate the impacts of the pyroclastic density currents. Semeru's principal structural features are probably due to the tectonic setting of the volcano. A structural map of the Tengger-Semeru massif shows four groups of faults orientated N40, N160, N75, and N105 to N140. Conspicuous structures, such as the SE-trending horseshoe-shaped scar on Semeru's summit cone, coincide with the N160-trending faults. The direction of minor scars on the east flank parallels the first and second groups of faults. The Semeru composite cone hosts the currently active Jonggring-Seloko vent. This is located on, and buttressed against, the Mahameru edifice at the head of a large scar that may reflect a failure plane at shallow depth. Dipping 35° towards the SE, this failure plane may correspond to a weak basal layer of weathered volcaniclastic rocks of Tertiary age. We suggest that the deformation pattern of Semeru and its large scar may be induced by flank spreading over the weak basal layer of the volcano. It is therefore necessary to consider the potential for flank and summit collapse in the future. The last major eruption took place in December 2002-January 2003, and involved emplacement of block-and-ash flows. We have used the 2003 ASTER Surface Kinetic Temperature image to map the 2002-2003 pyroclastic density current deposits. We have also compared two 10 m-pixel images acquired before and after the event to describe the extent and impact of an estimated volume of 5.45 × 10 6 m 3 of block-and-ash flow deposits. An ash-rich pyroclastic surge escaped from one of the valley-confined block-and ash flows at 5 to 8 km distance from the crater and swept across the forest and tilled land on the SW side of the Bang River Valley. Downvalley, the temperature of the pyroclastic surge decreased and a mud-rich deposit coated the banks of the Bang River Valley. Thus, hazard mitigation at Semeru should combine: (1) continuous monitoring of the eruptive activity through an early-warning system, and (2) continuous remote sensing of the morphological changes in the drainage system due to the impact of frequent pyroclastic density currents and lahars.

Solikhin, Akhmad; Thouret, Jean-Claude; Gupta, Avijit; Harris, Andy J. L.; Liew, Soo Chin

2012-02-01

394

A Culturally Appropriate School Wellness Initiative: Results of a 2-Year Pilot Intervention in 2 Jewish Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Despite the growing number of school-based interventions designed to reduce childhood obesity or otherwise promote health, no models or materials were found for Jewish schools. The current study describes an effort within a Jewish school system in Chicago to create, implement, and evaluate a school-based intervention tailored to the…

Benjamins, Maureen R.; Whitman, Steven

2010-01-01

395

Using Learning Walks to Improve Collaboration and Charter School Performance (A University/?P-12 School Partnership): Year One  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many universities exist apart from their community's public schools. A New Orleans area public university took measures to facilitate collaborative partnerships with four public schools. Those schools were taken over and converted to charter schools by state officials for poor performance. The partnerships created simultaneous opportunities…

Bole, Paul Thomas; Farizo, Kenneth Paul

2013-01-01

396

Stocking of Offsite Waters for Hungry Horse Dam Mitigation; Creston National Fish Hatchery, 2002-2003 Annual Report.  

SciTech Connect

Mitigation Objective 1: Produce Native Westslope Cutthroat Trout at Creston NFH--Task: Acquire eggs and rear up to 100,000 Westslope Cutthroat trout annually for offsite mitigation stocking. Accomplishments: A total of 141,000 westslope cutthroat eggs (M012 strain) was acquired from the State of Montana Washoe Park State Fish Hatchery in May 2002 for this objective. We also received an additional 22,000 westslope cutthroat eggs, MO12 strain naturalized, from feral fish at Rogers Lake, Flathead County, Montana. The fish were reared using approved fish culture techniques as defined in the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Fish Hatchery Management guidelines. Survival from the swim up fry stage to stocking was 95.6%. We achieved a 0.80 feed conversion this year on a new diet, Skretting ''Nutra Plus''. Post release survival and angler success is monitored annually by Montana Fish Wildlife and Parks (MFWP) and the Confederated Salish and Kootenai Tribe (CSKT). Stocking numbers and locations vary yearly based on results of biological monitoring and adaptive management. Mitigation Objective 2: Produce Rainbow Trout at Creston NFH--Task: Acquire and rear up to 100,000 Rainbow trout annually for offsite mitigation in closed basin waters. Accomplishments: A total of 54,000 rainbow trout eggs (Arlee strain) was acquired from the Ennis National Fish Hatchery in December 2002 for this objective. The fish were reared using approved fish culture techniques as defined in the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Fish Hatchery Management guidelines. Survival from the swim up fry stage to stocking was 99.9%. We achieved a 0.79 feed conversion this year on a new diet, Skretting ''Nutra Plus''. Arlee rainbow trout are being used for this objective because the stocking locations are terminal basin reservoirs and habitat conditions and returns to the creel are unsuitable for native cutthroat. Post release survival and angler success is monitored annually by the Confederated Salish and Kootenai Tribe (CSKT). Stocking numbers and locations vary yearly based on results of biological monitoring and adaptive management.

US Fish and Wildlife Service Staff, (US Fish and Wildlife Service, Creston National Fish Hatchery, Kalispell, MT)

2004-02-01

397

Information literacy skills retention over the first professional year of pharmacy school.  

PubMed

The authors aimed to determine if first-professional-year pharmacy students retain library literature search skills throughout the school year. Students (n = 61 consented) were given an identical seven-item quiz on basic library search skills prior to library instruction in the fall semester and at the end of the spring semester. There was no significant difference between median scores on the two quizzes, nor were any significant differences noted in subgroup analyses. Search competency may be retained to a higher degree if library instruction is moved later in the pharmacy curriculum when literature search skills are used more often. PMID:25023018

Chiarella, Deborah; Khadem, Tina M; Brown, Jack E; Wrobel, Mark J

2014-01-01

398

Assessing middle school students` understanding of science relationships and processes: Year 2 - instrument validation. Final report  

SciTech Connect

Our overall purpose for this multi-year project was to develop an alternative assessment format measuring rural middle school students understanding of science concepts and processes and the interrelationships among them. This kind of understanding is called structural knowledge. We had 3 major interrelated goals: (1) Synthesize the existing literature and critically evaluate the actual and potential use of measures of structural knowledge in science education. (2) Develop a structural knowledge alternative assessment format. (3) Examine the validity of our structural knowledge format. We accomplished the first two goals during year 1. The structural knowledge assessment we identified and developed further was a select-and-fill-in concept map format. The goal for our year 2 work was to begin to validate this assessment approach. This final report summarizes our year 2 work.

Schau, C.; Mattern, N.; Weber, R.; Minnick, K.

1997-01-01

399

A Curriculum for a Three Year High School Science Research Program  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A three-year high school science research program has been taught in Woodbridge Township School District - Woodbridge, New Jersey, since 1987. The program's focus is to foster originial science research projects for high school students that have shown an aptitude and an interest in science. Students are instructed in basic research skills, including developing and conducting original research projects, statistical analysis, scientific writing, and presentation of research at local and national symposia, and science fairs. Upon completion of the third year all students are required to submit a paper, suitable for journal publication, detailing their research. Participating students have gone on to win awards with Westinghouse, Intel, The National Junior Science and Humanities Symposium, the International Science and Engineering Fair, New Jersey Academy of Sciences, and local and regional science fairs and symposia. Participating teachers have been recoginized by the Sigma Xi Research Society of Rutgers University for excellence in science teaching. New Jersey awarded the curriulum a Best Practice Award for 2003. Goals and strategies of the curriculum are detailed in a guide written for the courses. Professional development for the courses and resources for mentoring programs are the responsibility of the District Science Supervisor, and have been fostered over the years with the assistance of local colleges and universities including Rutgers Univesity, Monmouth University, University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey, Liberty Science Center of New Jersey's Partners in Science Program, as well as local industries including Hatco Corporation, Merck Corporation, Englehard Corporation, and Lucent Technologies. Science Research teachers have conducted developmental workshops for school districts interested in implementing similar curricula.

Darytichen, F.; Danch, J.

2003-12-01

400

Are substance use prevention programs more effective in schools making adequate yearly progress? A study of Project ALERT.  

PubMed

This exploratory study sought to determine if a popular school-based drug prevention program might be effective in schools that are making adequate yearly progress (AYP). Thirty-four schools with grades 6 through 8 in 11 states were randomly assigned either to receive Project ALERT (n = 17) or to a control group (n = 17); of these, 10 intervention and nine control schools failed to make AYP. Students completed three self-report surveys. For lifetime cigarette use and 30-day alcohol use, Project ALERT was more effective in schools that made AYP. However, in these schools, Project ALERT negatively affected students' lifetime marijuana use. This study provided some preliminary evidence that prevention programming may not work as well in poorer performing schools; however, further exploration is needed. PMID:22125922

Clark, Heddy Kovach; Ringwalt, Chris L; Shamblen, Stephen R; Hanley, Sean M; Flewelling, Robert L

2011-01-01

401

School Year Versus Summer Differences in Child Weight Gain: A Narrative Review  

PubMed Central

Abstract The causes of the current high prevalence of overweight and obesity among children are not clearly known. Schools have been implicated in the causal chain to high child obesity prevalence. Recent studies have compared school year versus summertime changes (herein called seasonal differences) in child adiposity or related phenomena. The most common seasonal pattern in six longitudinal descriptive studies was that overweight and obese children experienced accelerated gain in weight or some BMI indicator during the summer, whereas healthy weight children gained less or not at all. Four physical activity (PA) intervention studies demonstrated that school year fitness improvements were lost during the summer. One study showed that PA declined across the summer. Another study provided conflicting results of lower total energy expenditure in the summer, but no seasonal difference in total energy expenditure after adjusting for fat-free mass. This pattern of fairly rapid seasonal differences suggests that PA is the primary factor contributing to seasonal differences in weight or BMI, but the documented seasonal pattern in PA (i.e., higher in summer) does not support this relationship. Sleep duration has also been inversely related to child adiposity. Seasonal patterns in adiposity, PA, and sleep need to be clearly established separately for overweight and healthy weight children in further longitudinal research to provide a clear focus for national policy. PMID:24367922

O'Connor, Teresia; Johnston, Craig; Hughes, Sheryl; Moreno, Jennette; Chen, Tzu-An; Meltzer, Lisa; Baranowski, Janice

2014-01-01

402

The efficacy of a school-based caries preventive program: a 4-year study.  

PubMed

This longitudinal study aimed at testing the efficacy of a school-based caries preventive program, by comparing dental caries status of two groups, a study group (436 children) and a control group (420 children) over a period of 4 years. The study group received a preventive program which consisted of intensive oral hygiene instructions sessions, and supervised daily tooth brushing using fluoridated tooth paste in schools. The control group received only oral hygiene instructions sessions. Annual dental examination to record dental caries status, using Decayed Missed Filled Teeth Index (DMFT) and deft, was conducted for both groups over a period of 4 years. At the end of the fourth year the efficacy of the program was tested by comparing the DMFT and deft indices for the two groups using Pearson chi-square test and Cochran-Mantel-Haenzele test. The level of significance was set at P < 0.05. The results after 4 years showed that the caries status of the children in the study group was better than that of the control group. The difference was statistically significant (P-value 0.001). The estimates of relative risk values also showed that children in the control group are 3.1 and 6.4 times at higher risk of having dental caries than those in the study group for age group 12 and 6 respectively. This study proves that supervised daily tooth brushing using fluoridated toothpaste is successful in controlling dental caries in children. PMID:16451437

Al-Jundi, S H; Hammad, M; Alwaeli, H

2006-02-01

403

Evaluation of the New York City Dropout Prevention Initiative. Final Report on the High Schools for Year Three, 1987-88. Part Two: Special Studies of the High School Program in Year Three.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document comprises part 2 of a two-part evaluation of the third-year implementation of the New York City Board of Education's 3-year high school Dropout Prevention Initiative (DPI). It consists of reports on 8 special substudies of the program in year 3 (part 1 describes the DPI and presents the evaluation findings and recommendations.) The…

Grannis, Joseph; And Others

404

Water and sediment quality of the Yukon River and its tributaries, from Eagle to St. Marys, Alaska, 2002-2003  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The Yukon River basin is a vast and diverse ecosystem covering more than 330,000 square miles, an area larger than Texas. Approximately 126,000 people live within the basin and depend on the Yukon River and its tributaries for drinking water, commerce, and recreational and subsistence fish and game resources. Much of the Yukon River basin is underlain by permafrost containing vast amounts of organic carbon and nutrients. Recent climatic warming of the basin has resulted in lengthening of the growing season, melting of permafrost, deepening of the soil active layer, drying of upland soils, and shrinking of wetlands. These mostly terrestrial effects also affect the hydrology of the basin, changing the timing, magnitude, and fate of water and dissolved and particulate materials delivery to the Yukon River and its tributaries. As permafrost melts, stored carbon and nutrients are expected to become available for decomposition by soil organisms or for export downstream and to the Bering Sea. Such changes can have numerous, far-reaching effects on the ecosystem, including increased emission of greenhouse gases such as carbon dioxide and methane; changes in stream productivity, including salmon populations; changes in the productivity and chemistry of the Bering Sea; and increased fire frequency. One important question is whether organic carbon export to rivers will increase or decrease downstream from large wetland areas presently having substantial carbon storage, such as Yukon Flats. Because very few historical water-quality data are available for the Yukon River basin, scientists are unable to quantitatively assess potential effects of climate warming on aquatic ecosystems in the basin. In order to address these concerns, the U.S. Geological Survey conducted a comprehensive baseline water-quality characterization of the Yukon River and its major tributaries during 2000-05. The study included frequent water-quality sampling at a fixed-site network. In addition to the fixed-site sampling, intensive synoptic sampling of tributaries draining directly into the Yukon River was conducted along its entire length. This report contains observations of water and sediment quality made in the Yukon River basin during the synoptic sampling cruises in years 2002 and 2003. Chemical and biological data are presented for the Yukon River and its major tributaries between the towns of Eagle and St. Marys, Alaska.

Dornblaser, Mark M.; Halm, Douglas R.

2006-01-01

405

Are Two Years Better than One Year? A Propensity Score Analysis of the Impact of Head Start Program Duration on Children's School Performance in Kindergarten  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using data from a nationally representative sample, this study examined Head Start children's school outcome differences by the end of Kindergarten between children who attended Head Start program for two years and the ones who attended for one year. Propensity scores were used to match children who experienced different durations of the program…

Wen, Xiaoli; Leow, Christine; Hahs-Vaughn, Debbie L.; Korfmacher, Jon; Marcus, Sue M.

2012-01-01

406

The Chemicals of the Earth. Teacher's Guide. Unit F2. ZIM-SCI, Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project. Year 2.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project (ZIM-SCI) developed student study guides, corresponding teaching guides, and science kits for a low-cost science course which could be taught during the first 2 years of secondary school without the aid of qualified teachers and conventional laboratories. This teaching guide, designed to be read in…

Stocklmayer, Sue

407

Health Behaviors and Protective Factors of School Students Aged 13-15 Years Old in Four Cities of China  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents baseline data on health behaviors and protective factors among junior middle school students aged 13-15 years old in China for the purpose of developing priorities, establishing programs and policies for school health and youth health and also establishing trends in the prevalence of these behaviors. The 2003 CHINA GSHS…

Tian, Benchun; Zhang, Wei; Qian, Ling; Lv, Shuhong; Tian, Xiangyang; Xiong, Guanglian; Yan, Weihong; Zhang, Xinwei; Kann, Laura K.; Riley, Leanne

2007-01-01

408

Understanding Electricity. Study Guide. Unit I1. ZIM-SCI, Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project. Year 2.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project (ZIM-SCI) developed student study guides, corresponding teaching guides, and science kits for a low-cost science course which could be taught during the first 2 years of secondary school without the aid of qualified teachers and conventional laboratories. This ZIM-SCI study guide presents activities…

Chidume, Kwashira

409

Understanding Electricity. Teacher's Guide. Unit I1. ZIM-SCI, Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project. Year 2.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project (ZIM-SCI) developed student study guides, corresponding teaching guides, and science kits for a low-cost science course which could be taught during the first 2 years of secondary school without the aid of qualified teachers and conventional laboratories. This teaching guide, designed to be read in…

Chidume, Kwashira

410

Growing Readers: A Hierarchical Linear Model of Children's Reading Growth During the First 2 Years of School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using the first 4 waves of data from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-Kindergarten cohort (ECLS-K), this piecewise 3-level (time-student-school) growth-curve model provides a portrait of students' reading growth over the first 2 years of school. On average, students make much greater reading gains in 1st grade than they do in kindergarten.…

McCoach, D. Betsy; O'Connell, Ann A.; Reis, Sally M.; Levitt, Heather A.

2006-01-01

411

Our Planet Earth. Teacher's Guide. Unit F1. ZIM-SCI, Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project. Year 2.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project (ZIM-SCI) developed student study guides, corresponding teaching guides, and science kits for a low-cost science course which could be taught during the first 2 years of secondary school without the aid of qualified teachers and conventional laboratories. This ZIM-SCI study guide presents activities,…

Stocklmayer, Sue

412

Our Planet Earth. Study Guide. Unit F1. ZIM-SCI, Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project. Year 2.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project (ZIM-SCI) developed student study guides, corresponding teaching guides, and science kits for a low-cost science course which could be taught during the first 2 years of secondary school without the aid of qualified teachers and conventional laboratories. This teaching guide, designed to be read in…

Stocklmayer, Sue

413

An evaluation of classroom teaching practices one year after a workshop for high-school physics teachers  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

One year after a summer program for high-school physics teachers, its impact on the teaching practices of the participants was evaluated. Large changes in high-school teachers' classroom techniques and attitudes have been identified and ascribed to the unique interplay of the structure and content of the workshop.

Heller, Patricia; Lippert, Renate C.; Hobbie, Russell K.; Jones, Roger S.

2007-03-06

414

Should Students Have a Gap Year? Motivation and Performance Factors Relevant to Time Out after Completing School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Increasingly, school leavers are taking time out from study or formal work after completing high school--often referred to as a "gap year" (involving structured activities such as "volunteer tourism" and unstructured activities such as leisure). Although much opinion exists about the merits--or otherwise--of taking time out after completing…

Martin, Andrew J.

2010-01-01

415

Living Things and Their Food. Teacher's Guide. Unit G2. ZIM-SCI, Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project. Year 2.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project (ZIM-SCI) developed student study guides, corresponding teaching guides, and science kits for a low-cost science course which could be taught during the first 2 years of secondary school without the aid of qualified teachers and conventional laboratories. This teaching guide, designed to be read in…

Hosking, Bunty

416

Living Things and Their Food. Study Guide. Unit G2. ZIM-SCI, Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project. Year 2.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project (ZIM-SCI) developed student study guides, corresponding teaching guides, and science kits for a low-cost science course which could be taught during the first 2 years of secondary school without the aid of qualified teachers and conventional laboratories. This ZIM-SCI study guide presents activities…

Hosking, Bunty

417

Factors Associated with Adolescent Physical Activity during Middle School Physical Education: A One-Year Case Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this descriptive component of a larger, exploratory case study was to examine associations among lesson contexts, teacher behaviors, and adolescent physical activity over a year of physical education (PE) at one school. Middle school students (n = 206) and their PE teachers (n = 4) were observed twice-weekly across one academic…

Senne, Terry; Rowe, David; Boswell, Boni; Decker, James; Douglas, Shaun

2009-01-01

418

Energy for Living. Study Guide. Unit G1. ZIM-SCI, Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project. Year 2.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Zimbabe Secondary School Science Project (ZIM-SCI) developed student study guides, corresponding teaching guides, and science kits for a low-cost science course which could be taught during the first 2 years of secondary school without the aid of qualified teachers and conventional laboratories. This ZIM-SCI study guide includes activities and…

Hosking, Bunty

419

Energy for Living. Teacher's Guide. Unit G1. ZIM-SCI, Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project. Year 2.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project (ZIM-SCI) developed student study guides, corresponding teaching guides, and science kits for a low-cost science course which could be taught during the first 2 years of secondary school without the aid of qualified teachers and conventional laboratories. This teaching guide, designed to be read in…

Hosking, Bunty

420

Sense from Senses. Study Guide. Unit J. ZIM-SCI, Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project. Year 2.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project (ZIM-SCI) developed student study guides, corresponding teaching guides, and science kits for a low-cost science course which could be taught during the first 2 years of secondary school without the aid of qualified teachers and conventional laboratories. This ZIM-SCI study guide presents activities…

Simango, Sam

421

Sense from Senses. Teacher's Guide. Unit J. ZIM-SCI, Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project. Year 2.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project (ZIM-SCI) developed student study guides, corresponding teaching guides, and science kits for a low-cost science course which could be taught during the first 2 years of secondary school without the aid of qualified teachers and conventional laboratories. This teaching guide, designed to be read in…

Simango, Sam

422

The Nyae Nyae Village Schools 1994-2010: An Indigenous Mother-Tongue Education Project after 15 Years  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article provides an overview of a mother-tongue education project for the Ju|'hoansi of Nyae Nyae in Namibia--the village schools. These schools are the only places in southern Africa where an Indigenous San community has access to mother-tongue education for 3 years; and are, thus, an important example in the region. However, there are some…

Cwi, Cwisa; Hays, Jennifer

2011-01-01

423

Atoms and Molecules. Study Guide. Unit 2. ZIM-SCI, Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project. Year 3.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project (ZIM-SCI) developed student study guides, corresponding teaching guides, and science kits for a low-cost science course which could be taught during the third year of secondary school without the aid of qualified teachers and conventional laboratories. This ZIM-SCI study guide is a four-part unit…

Mandizha, George

424

Our Children, Our Schools, Our Tribes: Thirty Years of Local Control of Indian Education 1966-1996.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document reviews the history of American Indian control of federally funded Indian schools and resulting improvements in American Indian education. The establishment of Rough Rock Demonstration School (Arizona) in 1966 marked the first time in 120 years that an Indian community was allowed to have control over its children's education. The…

Association of Community Tribal Schools, Sisseton, SD.

425

School-based health centers: A four year experience, with a focus on reducing student exclusion rates  

Microsoft Academic Search

We describe a four year collaborative experience with an on-site, community school-based health center that is staffed by the Vallejo City Unified School District and supervised by the pediatric faculty of the Touro University College of Osteopathic Medicine, with particular attention to first grade student exclusion rates. Patient demographics (including payer source), first grade enrollment statistics, and first grade exclusion

James E Foy; Kathy Hahn

2009-01-01

426

To Market, to Market: An Historic Account of How Schools Have Marketed Themselves over the Past 150 Years  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article provides an historical account of how fee-charging Victorian schools have marketed themselves over the past 150 years (via the use of advertisements, brochures, and prospectuses) in order to promote those aspects of schooling believed to be of most importance to potential customers (parents). While some of the features--most notably…

Hooper, Carole

2011-01-01

427

Occupational Attitudes and Expectations of Year 12 Students in Single-Sex and Coeducational Schools: A Focus on Female Youth.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A survey of Year 12 Australian students in coed private (n=105), coed public (n=57), and all-female (n=78) schools revealed a relationship between gender-role identity and traditional/nontraditional career choices; occupations were more gender neutral, but blue- and pink-collar jobs remain stereotyped. Type of school did not influence girls'…

Stent, Priscilla; Gillies, Robyn M.

2000-01-01

428

Changes in Self-Esteem during the Middle School Years: A Latent Growth Curve Study of Individual and Contextual Influences  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Hierarchical linear modeling (HLM) techniques were used to explore interactions among individual and contextual variables and their effects on initial self-esteem levels and changes in these levels across the three years of middle school in a large, diverse sample (N=1804 students attending 23 schools). Interactions among race, social class,…

Rhodes, Jean; Roffman, Jennifer; Reddy, Ranjini; Fredriksen, Katia

2004-01-01

429

Using Electricity. Teacher's Guide. Unit I2. ZIM-SCI, Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project. Year 2.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project (ZIM-SCI) developed student study guides, corresponding teaching guides, and science kits for a low-cost science course which could be taught during the first 2 years of secondary school without the aid of qualified teachers and conventional laboratories. This teaching guide, designed to be used in…

Chidume, Kwashira

430

Using Electricity. Study Guide. Unit I2. ZIM-SCI, Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project. Year 2.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project (ZIM-SCI) developed student study guides, corresponding teaching guides, and science kits for a low-cost science course which could be taught during the first 2 years of secondary school without the aid of qualified teachers and conventional laboratories. This ZIM-SCI study guide presents activities…

Chidume, Kwashira

431

Percentile Normative Tables for the Armed Services Vocational Aptitude Battery (1973-74 School Year Data Base).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report summarizes test performance for 771,031 students tested on Armed Services Vocational Aptitude Battery (ASVAB) Form 2 during school year 1973-74, with separate normative tables provided by sub-test, aptitude composite, grade, sex and geographic region. New data are provided for ninth grade and post-high school students. Information…

Wilfong, Harry D.; And Others

432

Hood River Fish Habitat Project; Confederated Tribes of the Warm Springs Reservation of Oregon, Annual Report 2002-2003.  

SciTech Connect

This report summarizes the project implementation and monitoring of all habitat activities in the Hood River basin that occurred over the October 1, 2002 to September 30, 2003 period (FY 03). Some of the objectives in the corresponding statement of work for this contract were not completed within FY 03. A description of the progress during FY 03 and reasoning for deviation from the original tasks and timeline are provided. OBJECTIVE 1 - Provide coordination of all activities, administrative oversight and assist in project implementation and monitoring activities. Administrative oversight and coordination of the habitat statement of work, budget, subcontracts, personnel, implementation, and monitoring was provided. OBJECTIVE 2 - Continue to coordinate, implement, and revise, as needed, the Hood River Fish Habitat Protection, Restoration, and Monitoring Plan. The Hood River Fish Habitat Protection, Restoration, and Monitoring Plan was completed in 2000 (Coccoli et al., 2000). This document was utilized for many purposes including: drafting the Watershed Action Plan (Coccoli, 2002), ranking projects for funding, and prioritizing projects to target in the future. This document has been reviewed by many, including stakeholders, agencies, and interested parties. The Hood River Watershed Group Coordinator and author of the Hood River Fish Habitat Protection, Restoration, and Monitoring Plan, Holly Coccoli, has updated and revised the plan. Changes will be reflected in the Hood River Subbasin Plan, and after submission of the Subbasin Plan, a formally revised version of the Monitoring Plan will be put out for review. This will more specifically address changes in the Hood River subbasin since 2000, and reflect changes to fish habitat and needs in the Hood River subbasin regarding monitoring. OBJECTIVE 3 - Evaluate and monitor the habitat, accessibility, and presence of winter steelhead, coho salmon, and resident trout upstream of the Middle Fork Irrigation District water sources on Evans Creek. Through this project, BPA funded the Middle Fork Irrigation District (MFID) a total of $194,000 in FY 03 for the Glacier Ditch- Evans Creek project. BPA funds accounted for approximately 30% of the project while the remaining 70% was cost-shared by the MFID, the US Forest Service, and the Oregon Watershed Enhancement Board. The MFID operated irrigation diversions on Evans Creek (Hutson pond RM 4.0 and the Evans Creek diversion RM 5.5), a tributary to the East Fork Hood River. Both diversions had inadequate upstream fish passage, and utilized Evans Creek to transport Eliot Branch water to distribute irrigation water lower in the basin. This project consisted of: piping a portion of the Glacier ditch to create a pressurized irrigation pipeline system, piping the Hutson extension, removing the culvert on Evans Creek near the Glacier ditch, removing the culvert above the Hutson pond, revegetating the disturbed areas, and providing adequate and approved fish passage on Evans Creek. Prior to any work, Brian Connors with MFID completed a NEPA checklist. Some of the key regulatory points of this project included wetland delineations, a cultural resources survey, and consultations with NOAA Fisheries, U.S. Fish and Wildlife, Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife (ODFW), and the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers. This project will eliminate the overflow of silty water into Evans Creek and West Fork Evans Creek. Upon completion of this project, access to 2.5 miles of winter steelhead, coho salmon, and resident trout habitat will be restored. Elimination of the interbasin transfer of water will discontinue the conveyance of silty Eliot Branch water into clear East Fork tributaries. Additionally, less water taken from Coe Branch, Eliot Branch, and Laurance Lake which will benefit listed steelhead and bull trout. The Glacier Ditch provided irrigation water from the Eliot Branch to upper valley orchards and agriculture for more than 100 years. The Glacier Ditch served approximately 1,438 acres with 18 cfs of water. The Glacier Ditch portion of this project

Vaivoda, Alexis

2004-02-01

433

Middle School Injuries: A 20-Year (1988-2008) Multisport Evaluation.  

PubMed

Context : Data on the incidence of injury in middle school sports are limited. Objective : To describe overall, practice, and game injury rate patterns in 29 middle school sports. Design : Descriptive epidemiology study. Setting : Injury data collected over a 20-year period (1988-2008) at a single school. Patients or Other Participants : Boy (n = 8078) and girl (n = 5960) athletes participating in 14 and 15 middle school sports, respectively. Main Outcome Measure(s) : Injury status and athlete-exposures (AEs) were collected by certified athletic trainers. Incidence rates per 1000 AEs (injuries/AEs) were calculated for overall incidence, practices and games, injury location, injury type, and injury severity (time lost from participation). Rate ratios (RRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were used to compare injury rates for sex-matched sports. Results : Football had the highest injury rate for all injuries ( 16.03/1000 AEs) and for time-loss injuries (8.486/1000 AEs). In matched middle school sports, girls exhibited a higher injury rate for all injuries (7.686/1000 AEs, RR = 1.15, 95% CI = 1.1, 1.2) and time-loss injuries (2.944/1000 AEs, RR = 1.09, 95% CI = 1.0, 1.2) than boys (all injuries: 6.684/1000 AEs, time-loss injuries: 2.702/1000 AEs). Girls had a higher injury rate during practices (3.30/1000 AEs) than games (1.67/1000 AEs, RR = 1.97, 95% CI = 1.7, 2.4) for all sports. Only gymnastics (RR = 0.96, 95% CI = 0.3, 0.9) had a higher game injury rate for girls. Practice and game injury rates were nearly identical for boys in all sports (RR = 0.99, 95% CI = 0.9, 1.1). Only football (RR = 0.49, 95% CI = 0.4, 0.6) and boys' wrestling (RR = 0.50, 95% CI = 0.3, 0.8) reported higher game injury rates. Tendinitis injuries accounted for 19.1% of all middle school injuries. Conclusions : The risk for sport-related injury at the middle school level was greater during practices than games and greater for girls than boys in sex-matched sports. Conditioning programs may be needed to address the high rate of tendinitis injuries. PMID:24520832

Beachy, Glenn; Rauh, Mitchell

2014-02-12

434

1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 Kellogg Graduate School of Management  

E-print Network

of Global Programs, PATH - Health Technologies and Women's Health Needs in Developing Countries - Lecture Co key technologies and women's health products. RSVP HERE: http://globalhealth.usc.edu/en/News%20And%20

435

School / Program (PhD program unless otherwise noted) 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 Weinberg College of Arts and Sciences  

E-print Network

Anthropology 25 25 27 32 37 40 49 47 52 54 Applied Physics -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- 9 Art History 20 21 22 24 45 43 43 45 47 49 57 Medical Anthropology -- -- -- 1 2 2 -- -- -- -- Medical Anthropology Theory 6 5 2 1 1 2 1 1 -- -- Musicology 2 1 1 1 1 1 -- 1 1 1 Music-Performance (Doctor of Music) 39 24 22

436

Revenues and Expenditures by Public School Districts: School Year 2000?2001. Statistics In Brief. NCES 2004?319  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report presents findings from the Common Core of Data (CCD) "School District Finance Survey." These data are collected annually from state education agencies through the U.S. Census Bureau "Survey of Local Government Finances: School Systems." Data in the "School District Finance Survey" include revenues by source, expenditures by function…

Johnson, Frank

2004-01-01

437

Small High Schools on a Larger Scale: The First Three Years of the Chicago High School Redesign Initiative. Research Report  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Increasingly, researchers, policymakers, school leaders, and concerned citizens are recognizing that high schools in the United States are in need of major reform. Current research shows that high schools are not preparing students for college, work, or life, and that they are leading to increased alienation among students. In a much-noted speech…

Kahne, Joseph E.; Sporte, Susan E.; de la Torre, Marisa

2006-01-01

438

IU School of Informatics and Computing at IUPUI Student Scholarship/Fellowship application for 2014-2015 school year  

E-print Network

IU School of Informatics and Computing at IUPUI Student Scholarship/Fellowship application for 2014 opportunities available for IU School of Informatics and Computing at IUPUI majors, please complete the online School of Informatics and Computing at IUPUI Student Scholarship/Fellowship application Submit your

Zhou, Yaoqi

439

A Three-Year Lesson Plan for Elementary and High School Library Centers for the Chicago Public Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Martin Luther King, Jr. Elementary School (Chicago, Illinois) is an urban open door public school serving a population with diverse economic, educational, and ethnic backgrounds. The school is committed to translating the philosophies of Dr. King into an educational environment that includes innovative instructional strategies tailored to the…

Hayes, Charles

440

Impacts of a Violence Prevention Program for Middle Schools: Findings from the First Year of Implementation. NCEE 2010-4007  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This is the first of two reports that summarize the findings from an impact evaluation of a violence prevention intervention for middle schools. This report discusses findings after 1 year of implementation. A forthcoming report will discuss the findings after 2 years and 3 years of implementation. In 2004, the U.S. Department of Education (ED)…

Silvia, Suyapa; Blitstein, Jonathan; Williams, Jason; Ringwalt, Chris; Dusenbury, Linda; Hansen, William

2010-01-01

441

School Districts' Perspectives on the Economic Stimulus Package: Teaching Jobs Saved in 2009-10 but Teacher Layoffs Loom for Next School Year  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the summer of 2009, school districts began receiving the first wave of federal economic stimulus money from the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 (ARRA). Totaling about $100 billion over two years--more than double the fiscal year 2009 budget for the U.S. Department of Education (ED)--the education portion of the stimulus package…

Kober, Nancy; Scott, Caitlin; Rentner, Diane Stark; McMurrer, Jennifer; Dietz, Shelby

2010-01-01

442

MoPS Gorilla 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013  

E-print Network

MoPS Gorilla Page 1 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004PS Gorilla Page 2 39 38 20 3 1 62 7 34 1 2 1 1 1 47 26 11 8 45 4 1 16 11 3 35 15 17 32 3 4 1 1 2 1 2 3 2 1 1 Torbjörn Lundh Ulrika Wikström #12;MoPS Gorilla Page 3 1 1 2 1 1 2 1 1 2 1 1 2 1 1 2 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1

Alm, Sven Erick

443

Graduation Rate Study: Four and Five Year Graduation Rates for the Cohort Class of 2001, Arizona Public High Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to examine the proportion of students in the cohort class of 2001 who completed Arizona high school graduation requirements within 4 years. The cohort class of 2001 comprises students who entered 9th grade in fall of the 1997-1998 school year, and were expected to graduate from 12th grade by the end of the 2000-2001…

Owin, Brian R.

444

Gingival recession in school kids aged 10-15 years in Udaipur, India  

PubMed Central

Aim: The study aimed to determine the incidence of gingival recession in the mandibular central incisor region among school children aged 10-15 years in Udaipur (India). Materials and Methods: A sample of 1800 males and female kids were examined in a mobile dental unit. World Health Organisation (WHO) rules and standards were followed. Result: Gingival recession, when compared, with respect to age, mean clinical crown length, anterior crowding and frenal involvement was significant (p less than 0.00) with respect to affected teeth. PMID:20376235

Mathur, Anmol; Jain, Manish; Jain, Koushal; Samar, Mahima; Goutham, Balasubramanya; Swamy, Prabu Durai; Kulkarni, Suhas

2009-01-01

445

Do Children Who Move Home and School Frequently Have Poorer Educational Outcomes in Their Early Years at School? An Anonymised Cohort Study  

PubMed Central

Frequent mobility has been linked to poorer educational attainment. We investigated the association between moving home and moving school frequently and the early childhood formal educational achievement. We carried out a cohort analysis of 121,422 children with anonymised linked records. Our exposure measures were: 1) the number of residential moves registered with a health care provider, and 2) number of school moves. Our outcome was the formal educational assessment at age 6–7. Binary regression modeling was used to examine residential moves within the three time periods: 0 – <1 year; 1 – <4 years and 4 – <6 years. School moves were examined from age 4 to age 6. We adjusted for demographics, residential moves at different times, school moves and birth related variables. Children who moved home frequently were more likely not to achieve in formal assessments compared with children not moving. Adjusted odds ratios were significant for 3 or more moves within the time period 1 –<4 years and for any number of residential moves within the time period 4–<6 years. There was a dose response relationship, with increased odds ratios with increased frequency of residential moves (2 or more moves at 4–<6 years, adjusted odds ratio 1.16 (1.03, 1.29). The most marked effect was seen with frequent school moves where 2 or more moves resulted in an adjusted odds ratio of 2.33 (1.82, 2.98). This is the first study to examine the relationship between residential and school moves in early childhood and the effect on educational attainment. Children experiencing frequent mobility may be disadvantaged and should be closely monitored. Additional educational support services should be afforded to children, particularly those who frequently change school, in order to help them achieve the expected educational standards. PMID:23940601

Hutchings, Hayley A.; Evans, Annette; Barnes, Peter; Demmler, Joanne; Heaven, Martin; Hyatt, Melanie A.; James-Ellison, Michelle; Lyons, Ronan A.; Maddocks, Alison; Paranjothy, Shantini; Rodgers, Sarah E.; Dunstan, Frank

2013-01-01

446

Research @ Microsoft Beijing, 2002 / 2003  

E-print Network

Graphics NPR Multimedia Zhang, Ya-QinShum, Harry Guo, Baining Xu, Ying-Qing Yunbo Cao Eric Chang George H-Sheng Hua Chao Huang Ling Huang Jinxia Huang Chang-Ning Huang Shipeng Li Mingjing Li Jiang Li Stan Li Hang Yue Zhang Gao Zhang Bo Zhang Qian Zhang Ya-Qin Zhang Hong-Jiang Zhang Lei Zhang Yu Zhang Chunhui Zhang

447

Texas Almanac, 2002-2003.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The 61st edition of the "Texas Almanac" has a reputation as the definitive source for Texas information since 1857. It contains details of the Census 2000 official population count, including statewide, county and town counts, plus an analysis of the numbers by experts at Texas's State Data Center. It includes information about politics,…

Ramos, Mary G., Ed.

448

Environmental correlates of adiposity in 9-10 year old children: considering home and school neighbourhoods and routes to school. — Measures of the Food Environment  

Cancer.gov

The rapid speed of the recent rise in obesity rates suggest environmental causes. There is therefore a need to determine which components of the environment may be contributing to this increase. In this cross-sectional study, we examined the associations between adiposity and the characteristics of areas around homes, schools and routes to school among 1995 9-10 year old boys and girls in Norfolk, UK.

449

DC Voice Ready Schools Project Special Report on Facilities Readiness for School Year 2007-2008 in Conjunction with the 21st Century School Fund  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The big District of Columbia Public School (DCPS) school facilities issues right now are the proposed closing of underutilized school buildings and the effects of new grade-level reorganization and consolidations. However, this report focuses on another critical issue--the basic condition of all DCPS school buildings. This special report of the…

21st Century School Fund, 2008

2008-01-01

450

Technical Report for State and Local Public Health Officials and School Administrators on CDC Guidance for School (K-12) Responses to Influenza during the 2009-2010 School Year  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This Technical Report includes detailed information on the reasons for the strategies presented in the Centers for Disease Control (CDC) "Guidance for School (K-12) Responses to Influenza During the 2009-2010 School Year" and suggestions on how to use them. The guidance is designed to decrease exposure to regular seasonal flu and 2009 H1N1 flu…

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2009

2009-01-01

451

Overview of Public Elementary and Secondary Schools and Districts: School Year 1995-96. Statistics in Brief.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Public Elementary/Secondary School Universe Survey and Public Education Agency Survey are annual state-level collections of information about the numbers and types of public schools and education agencies, the numbers and selected characteristics of students, and dropout rates. This report summarizes statistics from each of the surveys, which…

National Center for Education Statistics (ED), Washington, DC.

452

Effects of a 2-Year School-Based Intervention of Enhanced Physical Education in the Primary School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: This study aimed to assess whether a school-based physical education intervention was effective in improving physical abilities and influencing daily physical activity habits in primary school children. The possible effect on body mass index (BMI) was also considered. Methods: Twenty-six 3rd-grade classes were randomly selected…

Sacchetti, Rossella; Ceciliani, Andrea; Garulli, Andrea; Dallolio, Laura; Beltrami, Patrizia; Leoni, Erica

2013-01-01

453

Work and Family in the School Leaving Years: A Comparison of Female High School Graduates and Dropouts.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study (based on data from the National Longitudinal Surveys of Labor Market Experience) was conducted to determine the causes and consequences for women of leaving high school before completion. Four factors (race, school leaving, motherhood, and employment status) were explored by comparing data obtained annually between 1968 and 1973 for 5,000…

Mott, Frank L.; Shaw, Lois B.

454

Oral health status of 12-year-old school children in Khartoum state, the Sudan; a school-based survey  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Few studies have investigated the prevalence of dental caries among school children in the past decades in Sudan rendering it difficult to understand the status and pattern of oral health. METHODS: A school-based survey was conducted using stratified random cluster sampling in Khartoum state, Sudan. Data was collected through interviews and clinical examination by a single examiner. DMFT was

Nazik Mostafa Nurelhuda; Tordis Agnete Trovik; Raouf Wahab Ali; Mutaz Faisal Ahmed

2009-01-01

455

An historical account of the first year of operation of the Maine School of Science and Mathematics  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The purpose of this study was to describe the first school year of operation for the Maine School of Science and Mathematics. Specific areas included in the study were: student residential life and support services, curriculum design, faculty characteristics, administrative structure and guidelines and a formative evaluation design. A comparison was made to a synthesis of characteristics derived from the literature review on the ten public, statewide, residential schools who are members of the National Consortium for Specialized Secondary Schools of Mathematics, Science and Technology. The Maine School of Science and Mathematics is a statewide public, residential, charter high school designed for highly motivated and high achieving students from across the state. The enabling legislation that created the school was passed in 1994 with a projected start-up in the Fall of 1995. A new independent governor took office in January, 1995 and announced that the appropriation to educate the first students would be delayed until a later date due to an ongoing economic recession. A staff of three full-time MSSM employees worked with the Maine Legislature and a initial start-up appropriation was finally enacted on June 30, 1995 just sixty days from the projected opening date of this new, public, school of choice. During July and August 1995, a teaching faculty, residential life supervisors and a support staff had to be hired and trained. Major policy and program decisions had to be made regarding curriculum, students life/discipline, program evaluation, student transportation, recreation programs, textbook selection, equipment and supply purchases. Students selected to be in the entering class had to make their final decisions to attend this unknown and controversial new charter high school. Finally, as the Maine School of Science and Mathematics was to share the former Limestone High School with the Limestone School Department, space and cost allocations had to be negotiated.

Patterson, James Charles

456

The Transition to School. Why the First Few Years Matter for a Lifetime.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the concept of school readiness and the process of making the transition to school. Reviews early signs of successful school transitions and identifies some fundamentals of young children's early learning environments. Almost all children are eager to learn and show remarkable progress when they are in school environments that tailor…

Ramey, Sharon Landesman; Ramey, Craig T.

1994-01-01

457

The University of South Carolina Professional Development School Network: Twenty Years of Effective Collaboration  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The 2010 Professional Development Schools National Conference recognized the University of South Carolina's Professional Development School Network for its outstanding collaborative accomplishments, naming it as a recipient of the National Association for Professional Development School's Award for Exemplary Professional Development School

Field, Bruce E.; Blakeney, Roy; Burton, Megan; Dunlap, Elizabeth; Faile, Jan; Hudson, Zina; Jackson, Margo

2010-01-01

458

Ability Emotional Intelligence, Trait Emotional Intelligence, and Academic Success in British Secondary Schools: A 5 Year Longitudinal Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines the long-term effects of ability- and trait EI on academic performance for British adolescents. The sample comprised 413 students from three secondary schools in the North-West of England. Students completed tests of ability EI, trait EI, personality, and cognitive ability in Year 7 (mean age = 11 years 2 months). Performance…

Qualter, Pamela; Gardner, Kathryn J.; Pope, Debbie J.; Hutchinson, Jane M.; Whiteley, Helen E.

2012-01-01

459

Risk Factors for the Development of Bulimic Symptoms in High School Girls: A One-Year Longitudinal Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

This 1-year longitudinal study tested risk factors for the prediction of bulimic symptoms in 148 high school girls. Overconcern with body shape and size was found to be the most significant predictor of bulimic symptoms 1 year later. The perception of media promoting a thin ideal body size, body dissatisfaction, depression, and concern for physical appearance were found to predict

Leslie G. Wonible; Donald A. Williamson; Susan B. Netemeyer; Richard G. Netemeyer

1998-01-01

460

Impacts of a Violence Prevention Program for Middle Schools: Findings after 3 Years of Implementation. NCEE 2011-4017  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This is the second and final report summarizing findings from an impact evaluation of a violence prevention intervention for middle schools. This report provides findings from the second and third years of the 3-year intervention. The U.S. Department of Education (ED) contracted with RTI International and its subcontractors, Pacific Institute for…

Silvia, Suyapa; Blitstein, Jonathan; Williams, Jason; Ringwalt, Chris; Dusenbury, Linda; Hansen, William

2011-01-01

461

Knowledge and Perceptions of Final Year Law Students Regarding Defendants with Intellectual Disabilities at Two Historically Black Law Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to examine the knowledge and perceptions of final year law students at Historically Black Law Schools (HBLS) regarding defendants with intellectual disabilities. The four domains investigated were - knowledge, social willingness, affect, and previous contact. Also explored were the perceptions of final year law…

Rey, Melanie Powell

2012-01-01

462

Four Case Studies, Six Years Later: Developing System Thinking Skills in Junior High School and Sustaining Them over Time  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines the process by which system thinking perceptions develop within the context of a water cycle curriculum. Four junior high school students undergoing an especially designed inquiry-based intervention were closely observed before, during, immediately after, and 6 years after completing a year long systems-based learning program.…

Ben-Zvi-Assaraf, Orit; Orion, Nir

2010-01-01

463

Assessing the Knowledge That Educators Have about College-Related Information for Students in Four-Year Public High Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The results of a survey measuring the knowledge that 173 credentialed educators in selected California four-year public high schools had about the academic entry requirements for California two- and four-year public colleges are presented. College-related information relevant to academic entry requirements is not reaching those students who need…

Carrasco, Jose A.

464

TEACHER EFFICACY OF NOVICE TEACHERS IN AGRICULTURAL EDUCATION IN OHIO AT THE END OF THE SCHOOL YEAR  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of the study was to describe teacher efficacy at the end of the school year in novice (first through third-year) teachers in agriculture in Ohio related to stage of development, summer activities, classroom variables, and their future plans in teaching. The study was survey research comprised of multiple one-shot case studies. Demographics were collected as part of a

M. Susie Whittington; Elaine McConnell; Neil A. Knobloch

2006-01-01

465

MPA Work & Extracurricular Activities Policy First-year MPA students are strongly encouraged to make school and the accompanying  

E-print Network

MPA Work & Extracurricular Activities Policy First-year MPA students are strongly encouraged to make school and the accompanying team work a priority in their lives. Because so many good things to the program. To help maintain balance students are discouraged from working during the first year

Olsen Jr., Dan R.

466

The Florida School Recognition Program: The Relationship between Participation in the Program and Adequate Yearly Progress under the No Child Left Behind Act  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study was designed to determine the relationship between Florida School Recognition Program (FSRP) participation and adequate yearly progress (AYP) criteria met during school years 2004-2008. It also intended to discover whether schools' socioeconomic status, minority rates, and levels moderated this relationship as well as a difference in…

Wanza, Valerie Smith

2009-01-01

467

Revenues and Expenditures for Public Elementary and Secondary Education: School Year 2006-07 (Fiscal Year 2007): First Look. NCES 2009-337  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report presents findings on public education revenues and expenditures using fiscal year 2007 (FY 07) data from the National Public Education Financial Survey (NPEFS) of the Common Core of Data (CCD) survey system. Programs covered in the NPEFS include regular, special, and vocational education; charter schools that reported data to the state…

Zhou, Lei

2009-01-01

468

Revenues and Expenditures for Public Elementary and Secondary Education: School Year 2011-12 (Fiscal Year 2012). First Look. NCES 2014-301  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This First Look report introduces new data for national and state-level public elementary and secondary revenues and expenditures for fiscal year (FY) 2012. Specifically, this report includes findings from the following types of school finance data: (1) Revenue and expenditure totals; (2) Revenues by source; (3) Expenditures by function and…

Cornman, Stephen Q.

2015-01-01

469

Impact of a Play-Based Curriculum in the First Two Years of Primary School: Literacy and Numeracy Outcomes over Seven Years  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 2000-2002 an innovative early years curriculum, the Enriched Curriculum (EC), was introduced into 120 volunteer schools across Northern Ireland, replacing a traditional curriculum similar to others across the UK at that time. It was intended by the designers to be developmentally appropriate and play-based with the primary goal of preventing…

McGuinness, Carol; Sproule, Liz; Bojke, Chris; Trew, Karen; Walsh, Glenda

2014-01-01

470

School related factors and 1yr change in physical activity amongst 9–11 year old English schoolchildren  

PubMed Central

Background Activity levels are known to decline with age and there is growing evidence of associations between the school environment and physical activity. In this study we investigated how objectively measured one-year changes in physical activity may be associated with school-related factors in 9- to 10-year-old British children. Methods Data were analysed from 839 children attending 89 schools in the SPEEDY (Sport, Physical Activity, and Eating behaviours: Environmental Determinants in Young People) study. Outcomes variables were one year changes in objectively measured sedentary, moderate, and vigorous physical activity, with baseline measures taken when the children were 9–10 years old. School characteristics hypothesised to be associated with change in physical activity were identified from questionnaires, grounds audits, and computer mapping. Associations were examined using simple and multivariable multilevel regression models for both school (9 am – 3 pm) and travel (8–9 am and 3–4 pm) time. Results Significant associations during school time included the length of the morning break which was found to be supportive of moderate (? coefficient: 0.68 [p: 0.003]) and vigorous (? coefficient: 0.52 [p: 0.002]) activities and helps to prevent adverse changes in sedentary time (? coefficient: -2.52 [p: 0.001]). During travel time, positive associations were found between the presence of safe places to cross roads around the school and changes in moderate (? coefficient: 0.83 [p:0.022]) and vigorous (? coefficient: 0.56 [p:0.001]) activity, as well as sedentary time (? coefficient: -1.61 [p:0.005]). Conclusion This study suggests that having longer morning school breaks and providing road safety features such as cycling infrastructure, a crossing guard, and safe places for children to cross the road may have a role to play in supporting the maintenance of moderate and vigorous activity behaviours, and preventing the development of sedentary behaviours in children. PMID:23276280

2012-01-01

471

Predicting Change in Early Adolescent Problem Behavior in the Middle School Years: A Mesosystemic Perspective on Parenting and Peer Experiences  

Microsoft Academic Search

The transition into middle school may be a risky period in early adolescence. In particular, friendships, peer status, and\\u000a parental monitoring during this developmental period can influence the development of problem behavior. This study examined\\u000a interrelationships among peer and parenting factors that predict changes in problem behavior over the middle school years.\\u000a A longitudinal sample (580 boys, 698 girls) was

Marie-Hélène Véronneau; Thomas J. Dishion

2010-01-01

472

Cueing Metacognition to Improve Researching and Essay Writing in a Final Year High School Biology Class  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper reports on degrees of awareness and use of specific metacognitive strategies by 16 students in a final-year high school biology class in New Zealand. The aims of the intervention were to broaden students' thinking about bioethical issues associated with cancer and to enhance students' use of metacognition. Cues and prompts were used in this unit of work to help students use metacognitive strategies since students did not generally use metacognitive strategies spontaneously. Scaffolding was mediated through the teacher modelling, questioning, cueing or prompting students to evaluate their learning. The research reported here illustrates how teachers can cue students to be more self-directed in their learning. Three case studies illustrate how learning strategies were used differentially. Most students were aware of strategies that could help them to learn more effectively. It was found that those students who were not only aware of but also used strategies to plan, monitor and evaluate their work, produced essays of higher quality.

Conner, L. N.

2007-03-01

473

Conscious knowledge of learning: accessing learning strategies in a final year high school biology class  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper reports on a qualitative case study investigation of the knowledge and use of learning strategies by 16 students in a final year high school biology class to expand their conscious knowledge of learning. Students were provided with opportunities to engage in purposeful inquiry into the biological, social and ethical aspects of cancer. A constructivist approach was implemented to access prior content and procedural knowledge in various ways. Students were encouraged to develop evaluation of their learning skills independently through activities that promoted metacognition. Those students who planned and monitored their work produced essays of higher quality. The value and difficulties of promoting metacognitive approaches in this context are discussed, as well as the idea that metacognitive processes are difficult to research, because they have to be conscious in order to be identified by the learner, thereby making them accessible to the researcher.

Conner, Lindsey; Gunstone, Richard

2004-12-01

474

The Rochester OSA Optics Suitcase: 13 years of middle school outreach  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Rochester Section of the Optical Society of America (ROSA) developed a youth outreach program in 1999 to be presented in middle schools by scientists, engineers and engineering students. The objective was to kindle interest in technology careers, especially those related to optics, photonics, and optical engineering. Three in-class experiments using individual take-home theme packets that explore color in white light were devised early in the program, and these have proven to be the key to its success. Over the past 13 years, with financial support from a variety of organizations and individuals, ROSA has manufactured and delivered over 450 Optics Suitcases to groups in 34 US states and 54 countries. The presentation guide is now available in 4 languages besides English. In this paper, the elements of an Optics Suitcase presentation are reviewed, and examples of outreach events are used to document its success.

Canavesi, Cristina; Donlon, Theresa M.; Jacobs, Stephen D.

2012-10-01

475

[Systematic care of oral cavity in school children during two-year period].  

PubMed

A detailed care program of dental caries in children of primary schools for the period of two years is described. This program is multilateral and represents the average value with a possibility to move to the minimum or maximum of health service intending to retain continuity of its realization. This program engages more medical professions and represents an integral part of multilateral medical measures with the purpose of realizing health policy and its main scope, i.e. health prosperity. Such preventive program is economical, by avoiding later expensive treatment, and improves national health including reduction of malocclusions. Realization of this preventive program represents the imperative of contemporary health policy in stabilization of the society as well as more national behaviour in carrying out the health policy. PMID:2206406

Ciprus, V

1990-01-01

476

The Longitudinal Relations of Teacher Expectations to Achievement in the Early School Years.  

PubMed

There is relatively little research on the role of teacher expectations in the early school years or on the importance of teacher expectations as a predictor of future academic achievement. The current study investigated these issues in the reading and mathematic domains for young children. Data from nearly 1,000 children and families at first, third, and fifth grades were included. Child sex and social skills emerged as consistent predictors of teacher expectations of reading and, to a lesser extent, math ability. In predicting actual future academic achievement, results showed that teacher expectations were differentially related to achievement in reading and math. There was no evidence that teacher expectations accumulate but some evidence that they remain durable over time for math achievement. Additionally, teacher expectations were more strongly related to later achievement for groups of children who may be considered to be at risk. PMID:20428465

Hinnant, J Benjamin; O'Brien, Marion; Ghazarian, Sharon R

2009-01-01

477

Television viewing through ages 2-5 years and bullying involvement in early elementary school  

PubMed Central

Background High television exposure time at young age has been described as a potential risk factor for developing behavioral problems. However, less is known about the effects of preschool television on subsequent bullying involvement. We examined the association between television viewing time through ages 2-5 and bullying involvement in the first grades of elementary school. We hypothesized that high television exposure increases the risk of bullying involvement. Method TV viewing time was assessed repeatedly in early childhood using parental report. To combine these repeated assessments we used latent class analysis. Four exposure classes were identified and labeled “low”, “mid-low”, “mid-high” and “high”. Bullying involvement was assessed by teacher questionnaire (n?=?3423, mean age 6.8 years). Additionally, peer/self-report of bullying involvement was obtained using a peer nomination procedure (n?=?1176, mean age 7.6 years). We examined child risk of being a bully, victim or a bully-victim (compared to being uninvolved in bullying). Results High television exposure class was associated with elevated risks of bullying and victimization. Also, in both teacher- and child-reported data, children in the high television exposure class were more likely to be a bully-victim (OR?=?2.11, 95% CI: 1.42-3.13 and OR?=?3.68, 95% CI: 1.75-7.74 respectively). However, all univariate effect estimates attenuated and were no longer statistically significant once adjusted for maternal and child covariates. Conclusions The association between television viewing time through ages 2-5 and bullying involvement in early elementary school is confounded by maternal and child socio-demographic characteristics. PMID:24520886

2014-01-01

478

High Stakes: Children, Testing, and Failure in American Schools. A Year in the Life of One Rural School and Its Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book connects the educational conditions created by high-stakes testing to the students and teachers who are influenced or victimized by the currents driving this movement. The authors left their positions as teacher-educators and taught grades 3 and 4 for 1 year as regular teachers in one of America's most impoverished schools. Redbud…

Johnson, Dale D.; Johnson, Bonnie

479

A Short-Term Longitudinal Study of Children's Playground Games across the First Year of School: Implications for Social Competence and Adjustment to School.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Studied the playground games of children in their first year of schooling. Findings for 77 urban first graders show that facility with games forecast the social competence of boys and the adjustment to first grade of both boys and girls. (SLD)

Pellegrini, Anthony D.; Kato, Kentaro; Blatchford, Peter; Baines, Ed

2002-01-01

480

Contrasting Paths to Small-School Reform: Results of a 5-Year Evaluation of the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation's National High Schools Initiative  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background/Context: In 2000, the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation began an ambitious initiative intended to catalyze the fundamental transformation of American high schools. This article summarizes the results of a 5-year national evaluation of the first stage of the foundation's initiative. Purpose/Objective/Research Question/Focus of Study: This…

Shear, Linda; Means, Barbara; Mitchell, Karen; House, Ann; Gorges, Torie; Joshi, Aasha; Smerdon, Becky; Shkolnik, Jamie

2008-01-01

481

A 12-year comparison of students’ perspectives on diversity at a Jesuit Medical School  

PubMed Central

Background Many studies have assessed perspectives of medical students toward institutional diversity, but few of them have attempted to map changes in diversity climate over time. Objective This study aims to investigate changes in diversity climate at a Jesuit medical institution over a 12-year period. Methods In 1999, 334 medical students completed an anonymous self-administered online survey, and 12 years later, 406 students completed a comparable survey in 2011. Chi-square tests assessed the differences in percent responses to questions of the two surveys, related to three identities: gender, race, and sexual orientation. Results The 1999 versus 2011 samples were 46% versus 49% female, 61% versus 61% Caucasian, and 41% vs. 39% aged 25 years or older. Findings suggested improvements in medical students’ perceptions surrounding equality ‘in general’ across the three identities (p<0.001); ‘in the practice of medicine’ based on gender (p<0.001), race/ethnicity (p=0.60), and sexual orientation (p=0.43); as well as in the medical school curriculum, including course text content, professor’s delivery and student–faculty interaction (p<0.001) across the three identities. There was a statistically significant decrease in experienced or witnessed events related to gender bias (p<0.001) from 1999 to 2011; however, reported events of bias based on race/ethnicity (p=0.69) and sexual orientation (p=0.58) only showed small decreases. Conclusions It may be postulated that the improvement in students’ self-perceptions of equality and diversity over the past 12 years may have been influenced by a generational acceptance of cultural diversity and, the inclusion of diversity training courses within the medical curriculum. Diversity training related to race and sexual orientation should be expanded, including a follow-up survey to assess the effectiveness of any intervention. PMID:24581334

Mujawar, Imran; Sabatino, Matt; Mitchell, Stephen Ray; Walker, Benjamin; Weissinger, Peggy; Plankey, Michael

2014-01-01

482

A qualitative study to assess school nurses' views on vaccinating 12–13 year old school girls against human papillomavirus without parental consent  

PubMed Central

Background In the UK, parental consent for the routine vaccination of 12–13 year olds schoolgirls against human papillomavirus (HPV) is recommended, although legally girls may be able to consent themselves. As part of a vaccine study conducted ahead of the National HPV Vaccine Programme we sought the views of school nurses on vaccinating girls who did not have parental consent. Methods HPV vaccination was offered to all 12 year old girls attending schools in two Primary Care Trusts in Greater Manchester. At the end of the study semi-structured, tape-recorded interviews were conducted with school nurses who had delivered the vaccine (Cervarix™). The interview template was based on concepts derived from the Theory of Planned Behaviour. Transcripts were analysed thematically in order to understand school nurses' intentions to implement vaccination based on an assessment of Gillick competency. Results School nurses knew how to assess the competency of under-16s but were still unwilling to vaccinate if parents had refused permission. If parents had not returned the consent form, school nurses were willing to contact parents, and also to negotiate with parents who had refused consent. They seemed unaware that parental involvement required the child's consent to avoid breaking confidentiality. Nurses' attitudes were influenced by the young appearance and age of the school year group rather than an individual's level of maturity. They were also confused about the legal guidelines governing consent. School nurses acknowledged the child's right to vaccination and strongly supported prevention of HPV infection but ultimately believed that it was the parents' right to give consent. Most were themselves parents and shared other parents' concerns about the vaccine's novelty and unknown long-term side effects. Rather than vaccinate without parental consent, school nurses would defer vaccination. Conclusion Health providers have a duty of care to girls for whom no parental consent for HPV vaccination has been given, and in the UK, this includes conducting, and acting upon, an assessment of the maturity and competence of an adolescent minor. To facilitate this, policies, training and support structures for health providers should be implemented. PMID:19622145

Stretch, Rebecca; McCann, Rosemary; Roberts, Stephen A; Elton, Peter; Baxter, David; Brabin, Loretta

2009-01-01

483

Effectiveness of an intervention program for six-year-olds: a summer-school model  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study reports on the evaluation of a ‘summer pre-school model’ as an intervention measure. A 10-week program was designed to increase the school readiness of Turkish children from disadvantaged and multilingual environments by supporting their cognitive and linguistic skills during the summer prior to the start of school. The intervention consisted of a Pre-school Education Program with a special

Sevda Bekman; Ayhan Aksu-Koç; Eser Erguvanl?-Taylan

2011-01-01

484

UK Business School Rankings over the Last 30 Years (1980-2010): Trends and Explanations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Business schools globally operate in a market-driven environment and rankings are very much part of that environment. Rankings have a significant impact on a school's ability to attract the top scholars, the most able students and research funding. Schools use rankings to support claims of excellence and "world class" status. The purpose of this…

Wilkins, Stephen; Huisman, Jeroen

2012-01-01

485

Promoting Achievement in School through Sports. Third-Year Impact Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the impact of the PASS (Promoting Achievement in School through Sports) program on 59 high school students in 4 schools. The PASS program helps athletes to see the connections between athletic and academic success, and focuses on eight fundamental keys to success, including concentration, balance, relaxation, power, rhythm,…

American Sports Inst., Mill Valley, CA.

486

Content Analysis of the "Professional School Counseling" Journal: The First Ten Years  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors conducted a content analysis of the articles published in the first 10 volumes of the "Professional School Counseling" (PSC) journal, beginning in October 1997 when "The School Counselor" merged with "Elementary School Counseling and Guidance". The analysis coded a total of 571 articles into 20 content categories. Findings address the…

Falco, Lia D.; Bauman, Sheri; Sumnicht, Zachary; Engelstad, Alicia

2011-01-01

487

Active Travel to School: Views of 10-13 Year Old Schoolchildren in Scotland  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to explore the views of Scottish schoolchildren on active travel to school and their ideas about promotion strategies for school-based interventions. Design/methodology/approach: Focus group discussions were conducted with 66 students from four primary and three secondary schools. Findings: The most common…

Kirby, Joanna; Inchley, Joanna

2009-01-01

488

The 2003 Elementary School Tracking Report. Six Years of the Funding Formula: Failing Ontario's Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Annual elementary school surveys have tracked the effects of funding and policy changes on Ontario's publicly funded education system since the funding formula was introduced in 1997. In 2002-03, surveys were received from 886 public, Catholic, and French-language schools, representing 22 percent of Ontario's elementary schools and 71 of 72…

2003

489

Strong Results, High Demand: A Four-Year Study of Boston's Pilot High Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

New research from the Center for Collaborative Education finds that students in Boston's Pilot high schools outperform students from other non-exam Boston Public Schools on every standard measure of engagement and performance. This level of achievement holds for every racial, economic, and academic subgroup examined. Pilot high school students…

Tung, Rosann; Ouimette, Monique

2007-01-01

490

Impacts of Metal Detector Use in Schools: Insights from 15 Years of Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Multiple approaches exist, both in theory and in practice, to reduce young people's risk of violent victimization when they are in school. Among these approaches, a growing number of school districts are choosing to install metal detectors. We sought to review the literature available on the impacts of metal detectors on school

Hankin, Abigail; Hertz, Marci; Simon, Thomas

2011-01-01

491

Impact of the project P.A.T.H.S. In the junior secondary school years: individual growth curve analyses.  

PubMed

The Tier 1 Program of the Project P.A.T.H.S. (Positive Adolescent Training through Holistic Social Programs) is a positive youth development program implemented in school settings utilizing a curricular-based approach. In the third year of the Full Implementation Phase, 19 experimental schools (n = 3,006 students) and 24 control schools (n = 3,727 students) participated in a randomized group trial. Analyses based on linear mixed models via SPSS showed that participants in the experimental schools displayed better positive youth development than did participants in the control schools based on different indicators derived from the Chinese Positive Youth Development Scale, including positive self-identity, prosocial behavior, and general positive youth development attributes. Differences between experimental and control participants were also found when students who joined the Tier 1 Program and perceived the program to be beneficial were employed as participants of the experimental schools. The present findings strongly suggest that the Project P.A.T.H.S. is making an important positive impact for junior secondary school students in Hong Kong. PMID:21298216

Shek, Daniel T L; Ma, Cecilia M S

2011-01-01

492

Anaemia among school children older than five years in the Volta Region of Ghana  

PubMed Central

Introduction Anaemia among children is a public health issue in Ghana. The Ghana School Feeding Programme (GSFP) was instituted on pilot basis in an effort to provide nutritious lunch to school children. Evidence on the nutritional status of pupils is needed to inform the expansion of GSFP. This study sought to assess anaemia among Ghanaian pupils. Methods This cross-sectional study involved a random sample of 143 pupils aged 6 to 12 years. Blood samples were collected and analysed for serum-ferritin (SF), C-reactive protein (CRP), haemoglobin and malaria-parasitaemia (MP). Stool samples were examined for soil-transmitted helminthes. Dietary data were collected using the 24 hour-recall method on three non-consecutive days and a food frequency questionnaire. The Student's t-test was used to compare mean values between sexes. Binary logistic regression was performed to identify factors associated with anaemia. Statistical significance was set at p < 0.05 Results SF and haemoglobin concentrations were 23.9±15ng/ml and 120±11g/L respectively. The prevalence of anaemia was 30.8%. More females (41.5%) than males (21.8%) had anaemia (p < 0.005). Seventy-one percent of pupils had low SF levels. MP prevalence was 67.8%. Hookworm infestation was only observed in males (18.0%). Dietary iron and vitamin C intakes were 18.98±8.8mg and 23.7±6.7mg, respectively. Child's sex, SF and MP were associated with anaemia. Males had a lower likelihood of being anaemic (OR = 0.2, CI 0.1-0.5, p = 0.002) Conclusion The study findings underscore the need for multi-pronged approaches that address both malaria control and nutrition in order to reduce anaemia among pupils. PMID:24644526

Egbi, Godfred; Steiner-Asiedu, Matilda; Kwesi, Faribu Saalia; Ayi, Irene; Ofosu, Winfred; Setorglo, Jacob; Klobodu, Seth Selorm; Armar-Klemesu, Margaret

2014-01-01

493

What Are Four-Year-Olds Doing At School?:Reconciling Current Knowledge About Learning in Young Children With Early Educational Pedagogy  

Microsoft Academic Search

The title of the thesis is ‘What are four-year-olds doing at school? Reconciling current knowledge about learning in young children with early educational pedagogy.’ The study addresses the question of four-year-olds at school on two levels. On the one hand, the study describes what four-year-olds are doing at school. Using data from the IEA Preprimary Project1 the thesis provides information

Noirin Hayes

2003-01-01

494

The Graduate School The School of Graduate Studies has enjoyed more than 50 years of leadership in Tennessee and in  

E-print Network

in Tennessee and in the South, producing quality graduates who go on to serve their communities and employers as well- trained professionals. Since 1949, when the State Board of Education authorized East Tennessee choices across 10 schools and colleges. In the state of Tennessee, the number and variety of graduate

Karsai, Istvan

495

Personal and demographic factors and change of subjective indoor air quality reported by school children in relation to exposure at Swedish schools: A 2-year longitudinal study.  

PubMed

This paper studies changes in subjective indoor air quality (SIAQ) among school children and relates these data to repeated exposure measurements during a two-year follow-up period. Data on SIAQ and demographic information were gathered by a questionnaire sent to 1476 primary and secondary school pupils in 39 randomly selected schools at baseline and after two years (follow-up). Exposure measurements were applied after questionnaire data were collected at baseline and follow-up in approximately 100 classrooms. The arithmetic mean values for baseline and follow-up were: for indoor air temperature 23.6°C and 21.8°C and for outdoor air flow rate 5.4L/s and 7.9L/s. Older children, those with atopy at baseline, and those in larger schools reported impaired SIAQ during follow-up. Installation of new ventilation systems, higher personal air flow rate and air exchange rate, and better illumination were associated with improved SIAQ. Higher CO2 levels were associated with impaired SIAQ. In conclusion, sufficient ventilation and illumination in classrooms are essential for the perception of good indoor air quality. PMID:25486639

Wang, Juan; Smedje, Greta; Nordquist, Tobias; Norbäck, Dan

2014-12-01

496

A Summer Math and Physics Program for High School Students: Student Performance and Lessons Learned in the Second Year  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For the past two years, the Foundations in Physics and Mathematics (FPM) summer program has been held at Indiana University in order to fulfill two goals: provide additional physics and mathematics instruction at the high school level, and provide physics graduate students with experience and autonomy in designing curricula and teaching courses.…

Timme, Nicholas; Baird, Michael; Bennett, Jake; Fry, Jason; Garrison, Lance; Maltese, Adam

2013-01-01

497

Functional Literacy: Basic Reading Performance. An Assessment of In-School 17-Year-Olds in 1974. Technical Summary.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The functional literacy of various groups of 17-year-old students was assessed to discover whether the reading skills which are usually taught in the schools are adequate for functioning in everyday life. Eighty-six test exercises were classified according to the various formats of reading materials they represent and according to the types of…

Gadway, Charles; Wilson, H. A.

498

What Issues Will Confront Public Education in the Years 2000 and 2020? Predictions of Chief State School Officers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents chief state school officers' rankings of 11 critical issues for the years 2000 and 2020. Finds, among other things, that the three issues perceived as most likely to be very important in 2000 were: student preparation in the workplace; utilization of technology in instruction; and providing a safe environment for learning. (SR)

Morgan, Alan D.; Matranga, Myrna; Peltier, Gary L.; Hill, George C.

1998-01-01

499

Gender differences in the high school years: The relationship between ego development, individuation, parental representations, psychosocial development and depression  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigated differences and similarities in the development of boys and girls during the critical high school years as a function of adolescents' developmental orientation. Ego development, individuation, parental representations, psychosocial development and depressive symptoms were compared, using two new measures, the PADI and the IPR, which were developed under the auspices of Pace University. ^ It was expected

Kelly Adams

2003-01-01

500

Revenues and Expenditures for Public Elementary and Secondary Education: School Year 2000-01. Statistics in Brief.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

With data retrieved from the Common Core of Data collection of surveys, this report presents revenues and expenditures for public elementary and secondary education in all 50 states, the District of Columbia, and U.S. territories for school year 2000-01. Two pie charts display revenues by source and current expenditures by function. Seven tables…

St. John, Elise