Note: This page contains sample records for the topic 2002-2003 school year from Science.gov.
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Last update: August 15, 2014.
1

Annual Report: Discipline, Crime, and Violence. School Year. 2002-2003.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Code of Virginia requires school divisions statewide to submit data annually to the Department of Education (DOE) on incidents of discipline, crime, and violence. These incidents shall include: (1) those that occurred on school property, on a school bus, or at a school-sponsored activity; and (2) offenses, wherever committed, by students…

Virginia State Department of Education, 2004

2004-01-01

2

Federal Funds for Research and Development: Fiscal Years 2002, 2003, and 2004  

NSF Publications Database

... Federal Funds for Research and Development: Fiscal Years 2002, 2003, and 2004 Detailed Statistical ... Federal Funds for Research and Development: Fiscal Years 2002, 2003, and 2004 Portable Document ...

3

School Mental Health Services in the United States, 2002-2003.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Recent research points to public schools as the major providers of mental health services for school-aged children. The current study, School Mental Health Services in the United States, 2002-2003, provides the first national survey of mental health servi...

D. Noonan G. Robinson M. Rollefson S. Foster T. Doksum

2005-01-01

4

School Mental Health Services in the United States, 2002-2003  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Recent research points to public schools as the major providers of mental health services for school-aged children. The current study, "School Mental Health Services in the United States, 2002-2003," provides the first national survey of mental health services in a representative sample of the approximately 83,000 public elementary, middle, and…

Foster, Susan; Rollefson, Mary; Doksum, Teresa; Noonan, Denise; Robinson, Gail; Teich, Judith

2005-01-01

5

Beating the Odds IV: A City-By-City Analysis of Student Performance and Achievement Gaps on State Assessments. Results from the 2002-2003 School Year  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Council of the Great City Schools has prepared this fourth edition of "Beating the Odds" ("Beating the Odds IV") to give the nation another look at how inner-city schools are performing on the academic goals and standards set by the states for our children. This analysis examines student achievement in math and reading through spring 2003. It…

Casserly, Michael

2004-01-01

6

The Socioeconomic Impact of HIV/AIDS on Education Outcomes in Uganda: School Enrolment and the Schooling Gap in 2002/2003  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Due to high prime-age mortality--a result of the HIV/AIDS scourge, the number of orphans in Uganda continues to rise. Using the 2002/2003 Uganda National Household Survey, this paper investigates how HIV/AIDS orphan status affects schooling enrolment and grade progression. Our results show that HIV/AIDS orphans are not significantly less likely to…

Kasirye, Ibrahim; Hisali, Eria

2010-01-01

7

Carl D. Perkins Vocational and Technical Education Act of 1998, Report to Congress on State Performance, Program Year 2002-2003  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This is the fourth annual report to Congress by the US Department of Education. Among the highlights of this report are: (1) More students were reported by states as having enrolled in vocational and technical education courses in Program Year (PY) 2002-2003 than in the past three years; (2) There remain concerns about the quality and reliability…

US Department of Education, 2005

2005-01-01

8

Salaries and Wages Paid Professional and Support Personnel in Public Schools, 2002-2003. A Reference Tool for School Administrators.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This annual survey is a collection of data on salaries and wages of 23 professional and 10 support positions selected to represent the full range of public-school employees. This current volume presents data collected in fall 2002 from 620 school systems employing some 1.4 million people (full-time employees only) for the 2002-03 school year. Also…

Williams, Alicia R.; Protheroe, Nancy; Parks, Michael C.

9

Arrow Lakes Reservoir Fertilization Experiment; Years 4 and 5, Technical Report 2002-2003.  

SciTech Connect

This report presents the fourth and fifth year (2002 and 2003, respectively) of a five-year fertilization experiment on the Arrow Lakes Reservoir. The goal of the experiment was to increase kokanee populations impacted from hydroelectric development on the Arrow Lakes Reservoir. The impacts resulted in declining stocks of kokanee, a native land-locked sockeye salmon (Oncorhynchus nerka), a key species of the ecosystem. Arrow Lakes Reservoir, located in southeastern British Columbia, has undergone experimental fertilization since 1999. It is modeled after the successful Kootenay Lake fertilization experiment. The amount of fertilizer added in 2002 and 2003 was similar to the previous three years. Phosphorus loading from fertilizer was 52.8 metric tons and nitrogen loading from fertilizer was 268 metric tons. As in previous years, fertilizer additions occurred between the end of April and the beginning of September. Surface temperatures were generally warmer in 2003 than in 2002 in the Arrow Lakes Reservoir from May to September. Local tributary flows to Arrow Lakes Reservoir in 2002 and 2003 were generally less than average, however not as low as had occurred in 2001. Water chemistry parameters in select rivers and streams were similar to previous years results, except for dissolved inorganic nitrogen (DIN) concentrations which were significantly less in 2001, 2002 and 2003. The reduced snow pack in 2001 and 2003 would explain the lower concentrations of DIN. The natural load of DIN to the Arrow system ranged from 7200 tonnes in 1997 to 4500 tonnes in 2003; these results coincide with the decrease in DIN measurements from water samples taken in the reservoir during this period. Water chemistry parameters in the reservoir were similar to previous years of study except for a few exceptions. Seasonal averages of total phosphorus ranged from 2.11 to 7.42 {micro}g/L from 1997 through 2003 in the entire reservoir which were indicative of oligo-mesotrophic conditions. Dissolved inorganic nitrogen concentrations have decreased in 2002 and 2003 compared to previous years. These results indicate that the surface waters in Arrow Lakes Reservoir were approaching nitrogen limitation. Results from the 2003 discrete profile series indicate nitrate concentrations decreased significantly below 25 {micro}g/L (which is the concentration where nitrate is considered limiting to phytoplankton) between June and July at stations in Upper Arrow and Lower Arrow. Nitrogen to phosphorus ratios (weight:weight) were also low during these months indicating that the surface waters were nitrogen deficient. These results indicated that the nitrogen to phosphorus blends of fertilizer added to the reservoir need to be fine tuned and closely monitored on a weekly basis in future years of nutrient addition. Phytoplankton results shifted during 2002 and 2003 compared to previous years. During 2002, there was a co-dominance of potentially 'inedible' diatoms (Fragilaria spp. and Diatoma) and 'greens' (Ulothrix). Large diatom populations occurred in 2003 and these results indicate it may be necessary to alter the frequency and amounts of weekly loads of nitrogen and phosphorus in future years to prevent the growth of inedible diatoms. Zooplankton density in 2002 and 2003, as in previous years, indicated higher densities in Lower Arrow than in Upper Arrow. Copepods and other Cladocera (mainly tiny specimens such as Bosmina sp.) had distinct peaks, higher than in previous years, while Daphnia was not present in higher numbers particularly in Upper Arrow. This density shift in favor to smaller cladocerans was mirrored in a weak biomass increase. In Upper Arrow, total zooplankton biomass decreased from 1999 to 2002, and in 2003 increased slightly, while in Lower Arrow the biomass decreased from 2000-2002. In Lower Arrow the majority of biomass was comprised of Daphnia throughout the study period except in 2002, while in Upper Arrow the total biomass was comprised of copepods from 2000-2003.

Schindler, E.

2007-02-01

10

Kootenay Lake Fertilization Experiment; Years 11 and 12, Technical Report 2002-2003.  

SciTech Connect

This report examines the results from the eleventh and twelfth years (2002 and 2003) of the Kootenay Lake fertilization experiment. Experimental fertilization has occurred with an adaptive management approach since 1992 in order to restore productivity lost as a result of upstream dams. One of the main objectives of the experiment is to restore kokanee (Oncorhynchus nerka) populations, which are a main food source for Gerrard rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss). Kootenay Lake is located between the Selkirk and Purcell mountains in southeastern British Columbia. It has an area of 395 km2, a maximum depth of 150 m, a mean depth of 94 m, and a water renewal time of approximately two years. The quantity of agricultural grade liquid fertilizer (10-34-0, ammonium polyphosphate and 28-0-0, urea ammonium nitrate) added to Kootenay Lake in 2002 and 2003 was similar to that added from 1992 to 1996. After four years of decreased fertilizer loading (1997 to 2000), results indicated that kokanee populations had declined, and the decision was made to increase the loads again in 2001. The total load of fertilizer in 2002 was 47.1 tonnes of phosphorus and 206.7 tonnes of nitrogen. The total fertilizer load in 2003 was 47.1 tonnes of phosphorus and 240.8 tonnes of nitrogen. Additional nitrogen was added in 2003 to compensate for nitrogen depletion in the epilimnion. The fertilizer was applied to a 10 km stretch in the North Arm from 3 km south of Lardeau to 3 km south of Schroeder Creek. The maximum surface water temperature in 2002, measured on July 22, was 22 C in the North Arm and 21.3 C in the South Arm. In 2003, the maxima were recorded on August 5 at 20.6 C in the North Arm and on September 2 at 19.7 C in the South Arm. The maximum water temperature in the West Arm was 18.7 C on September 2, 2003. Kootenay Lake had oxygen-saturated water throughout the sampling season with values ranging from about 11-16 mg/L in 2002 and 2003. In both years, Secchi depth followed the expected pattern for an oligo-mesotrophic lake of decreasing in May, June, and early July, concurrent with the spring phytoplankton bloom, and clearing again as the summer progressed. Total phosphorus (TP) ranged from 2-11 {micro}g/L in 2002 and 2-21 {micro}g/L in 2003. With average TP values generally in the range of 3-10 {micro}g/L, Kootenay Lake is considered to be an oligotrophic to oligo-mesotrophic lake. Total dissolved phosphorus (TDP) followed the same seasonal trends as TP in 2002 and 2003 and ranged from 2-7 {micro}g/L in 2002 and from 2-10 {micro}g/L in 2003. Total nitrogen (TN) ranged from 90-380 {micro}g/L in 2002 and 100-210 {micro}g/L in 2003. During both the 2002 and 2003 sampling seasons, TN showed an overall decline in concentration with mid-summer and fall increases at some stations, which is consistent with previous years results. Dissolved inorganic nitrogen (DIN) concentrations showed a more pronounced declining trend over the sampling season compared with TN, corresponding to nitrate (the dominant component of DIN) being used by phytoplankton during summer stratification. DIN ranged from 7-176 {micro}g/L in 2002 and from 8-147 {micro}g/L in 2003. During 2003, discrete depth sampling occurred, and a more detailed look at the nitrate concentrations in the epilimnion was undertaken. There was a seasonal decline in nitrate concentrations, which supports the principle of increasing the nitrogen loading and the nitrogen to phosphorus (N:P) ratio during the fertilizer application period. Chlorophyll a (Chl a) concentrations in Kootenay Lake were in the range of 1.4-5.1 {micro}g/L in 2002 and 0.5-4.9 {micro}g/L in 2003. Over the sampling season, Chl a at North Arm stations generally increased in spring corresponding with the phytoplankton bloom, decreased during the summer, and increased again in the fall with mixing of the water column. The trend was similar, but less pronounced, at South Arm stations in these years, and spring Chl a concentrations were lower. During 2002, total algal biomass averaged during June, July and August was lower in the North

Schindler, E.

2007-02-01

11

Descriptive Epidemiology of Collegiate Men's Soccer Injuries: National Collegiate Athletic Association Injury Surveillance System, 1988-1989 Through 2002-2003  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: To review 15 years of National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) injury surveillance data for women's soccer and identify potential areas for injury prevention initiatives. Background: The number of NCAA schools sponsoring women's soccer has grown tremendously, from 271 in 1988- 1989 to 879 schools in 2002-2003. During that time, the NCAA Injury Surveillance System has collected game and practice

Julie Agel; Todd A. Evans; Randall Dick; Margot Putukian; Stephen W. Marshall

12

MEA Technical Manual, 2002-2003.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this technical manual is to document the technical aspects of the 2002-2003 Maine Educational Assessment (MEA). In the fall of 2002, students in grades 4, 8, and 11 participated in the administration of the MEA in writing, reading, and health education. In the spring of 2003, students in grades 4, 8, and 11 were administered tests…

Maine Department of Education, 2004

2004-01-01

13

American Library Directory[TM], 2002-2003. Vol. 1: Libraries in the United States [and] Vol. 2: Libraries in Canada, Library Networks, Consortia & Schools, Organization Index, Personnel Index. 55th Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The "American Library Directory[TM] 2002-2003," in two volumes, provides access to comparative data, additional resources, and sales prospects for the United States and Canadian library communities. Containing full profiles on public, academic, government, and special libraries, the totally updated 55th edition is organized by state and city. Each…

2002

14

Alabama Department of Mental Health and Mental Retardation Annual Report, 2002-2003.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This is the Alabama Department of Mental Health and Mental Retardations FY 2002-2003 Annual Report. The accomplishments of the year are truly of historic significance with respect to the Alabama mental health system. With the continuous movement of consum...

2003-01-01

15

West Virginia Department of Education GEAR UP Project: Year 3 Baseline Seventh-Grade Survey and Ninth-Grade Follow-Up Survey (2002-2003). Gaining Early Awareness and Readiness for Undergraduate Programs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Project GEAR UP (Gaining Early Awareness and Readiness for Undergraduate Programs) is a federally funded program focused on encouraging disadvantaged youth to have high expectations, stay in school, and take academically rigorous courses to prepare them for college. A 5-year GEAR UP grant in rural southern West Virginia funds academic and support…

Finch, Nicole L.; Cowley, Kimberly S.

16

English Teaching & Learning, 2002-2003.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

These four issues contain the following articles: "A Case Documentation of English Instruction at the Elementary School Level: The Cross-Cultural Impact of Native Speaker Teachers" (Hsien-Chin Liou) [written in Chinese]; "A Collaborative Tale with Two Taiwanese EFL College Groups" (Feng-Ming Chi); "A Developmental Study on Phonological Awareness…

English Teaching & Learning, 2003

2003-01-01

17

South Texas Community College Fact Book, 2002-2003.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This 2002-2003 Fact Book for South Texas Community College (STCC) is divided into the following sections: (1) College Profile; (2) Access; (3) Completion; (4) Transfer Rate and Success; (5) Employment; (7) Student Development; (8) TASP (Texas Academic Skills Program) Test; (9) Academic Progress of All Students; (10) Stakeholder Satisfaction; (11)…

Garcia, Jessie, Ed.

18

Fairmont State College GEAR UP Project: Year 4 Baseline Seventh-Grade Survey and Tenth-Grade Follow-Up Survey (2002-2003). Gaining Early Awareness and Readiness for Undergraduate Programs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Project GEAR UP (Gaining Early Awareness and Readiness for Undergraduate Programs) is a federally funded program focused on encouraging disadvantaged youth to have high expectations, stay in school, and take academically rigorous courses to prepare them for college. A GEAR UP grant in rural north-central West Virginia funds academic and support…

Finch, Nicole L.; Cowley, Kimberly S.

19

[Analysis of individual spending on smoking based on the Brazilian Family Budget Survey, 2002-2003].  

PubMed

In order to discuss new parameters for assessing personal spending on smoking in Brazil, this study aimed to describe the population's socio-demographic characteristics and the proportions of spending on smoking. The sample included individuals that spend money on smoking, according to the Brazilian Family Budget Survey for 2002-2003, conducted by the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics. In the lowest income bracket, the proportion of spending on smoking for expenses greater than the median varied negatively by as much as 10% as compared to the proportion of spending on smoking for income greater than the median. For intermediate income brackets, the two proportions were similar, and in the higher income brackets there was a reversal, with a positive difference of up to 15%. The percentage of spending on smoking doubled for all the groups with low schooling. As income and schooling increased, there was a proportional reduction in spending on smoking. PMID:21243228

Kroeff, Locimara Ramos; Mengue, Sotero Serrate

2010-12-01

20

Annual Performance Report. 2002-2003. Wyoming Department of Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Wyoming's Department of Education (WDE?s) Special Programs Unit conducts compliance monitoring for all IDEA procedural requirements on a five-year cycle. The current process began for Wyoming?s school districts in 1999-2000 and will be completed in 2004-05. The special education monitoring process is a comprehensive program review. The process…

Wyoming State Department of Education, 2004

2004-01-01

21

Stromboli (2002-2003) crisis management and risk mitigation actions  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The 2002-2003 eruptive emergency of Stromboli was the most dangerous to have occurred on the island in the past three centuries. Starting from 30 December, the national Department of Civil Protection (DCP), operating under the direct authority of the prime minister, took responsibility for the emergency management. One of the most relevant achievements was the setting up, on the island, of Centro Operativo Avanzato, a permanent scientific/civil protection structure where signals of volcano monitoring are visualized in real time and eventually used by the personnel of the DCP for immediate reactions. Volcanic risk was also structurally reduced by the construction of a new pier to facilitate rapid evacuation of Ginostra village and the planning and implementation of new walking trails and shelters at the top of the mountain. The shelters, six in total, of moderate size, were designed to resist the impact of heavy materials launched by the volcano. The risk mitigation initiatives were completed with the installation of alarm sirens in the two villages, the production and distribution of leaflets, and also by the installation of signs indicating the fastest routes to reach safe waiting areas in case of tsunami. Besides the substantial improvements in the preparedness of the Civil Protection and Stromboli's community to respond effectively to possible future emergencies of the volcano, one of the most important heritages was the elaboration and testing of new protocols and procedures concerning the handling of volcanic emergencies. Although the issues raised during the crisis showed similarities with other volcanic crisis around the world, the role played by the Civil Protection with personnel specifically trained in volcanic problems showed comparatively considerable advantages.

Bertolaso, Guido; De Bernardinis, Bernardo; Cardaci, Chiara; Scalzo, Antonella; Rosi, Mauro

22

Charter Schools: New Charter Schools Across the Country and in the District of Columbia Face Similar Start-Up Challenges.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

As of the 2002-2003 school year, nearly 2,700 charter schools operated in 36 states, the District of Columbia, and Puerto Rico. Charter schools are public schools that are exempt from certain state and local regulations in exchange for agreeing to certain...

2003-01-01

23

High Expense: Disability Severity and Charter School Attendance in Arizona  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Much of the literature related to the skimming or cropping of students by charter schools has ignored special education students. This article examines the relationship between the severity of student disabilities and their likelihood of having attended an Arizona charter school in the 2002-2003 school year. After adjusting for student traits,…

Garcy, Anthony M.

2011-01-01

24

District Composite Report: Caddo Parish. 2002-2003.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Up to six years of data (the current year and the five previous years where available) are presented in Louisiana's District Composite Reports. Each year, this report is updated by adding the most current year?s data and deleting the data that are more than six years old. Incorporating longitudinal data in the District Composite Report enables…

Louisiana State Department of Education, 2004

2004-01-01

25

The effect of school-wide positive behavior support interventions in a day treatment setting  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of Positive Behavior Support (PBS) on the number and severity of discipline referrals by using a comparison of those referrals from the school year 2002-2003 (before PBS) to the 2003-2004 school year (after PBS). In addition, school climate surveys completed by parents, students, and staff (at the beginning of PBS

Judy K Berger

2005-01-01

26

Kindergarten in Alberta: A Handbook for Parents, 2002-2003.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Kindergarten marks a new beginning for parents and their children, and presents challenges for parents as their child makes the transition between home and school. This handbook describes what parents can expect from their child's kindergarten program in Alberta, Canada. The handbook describes how young children learn, how their learning is…

Alberta Learning, Edmonton.

27

District Composite Report: Acadia Parish. 2002-2003.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The passage of the Children First Act in 1988 ushered in a new era of data collection, analysis, and reporting about the overall quality and condition of education in Louisiana. Implemented in 1990, this major piece of legislation resulted in the publication of the Progress Profiles (School Report Cards, District Composite Report, and the…

Louisiana State Department of Education, 2004

2004-01-01

28

Fifteenmile Creek Riparian Buffers Project, Annual Report 2002-2003.  

SciTech Connect

This project implements riparian buffer systems in the Mid-Columbia, addressing limiting factors identified in the Fifteenmile Subbasin Summary, June 30, 2000. The project is providing the technical planning support needed to implement at least 36 riparian buffer system contracts on approximately 872 acres covering an estimated 40 miles of anadromous fish streams over a three year period. During this second year of the project, 11 buffer contracts were implemented on 10.9 miles of stream. Buffer widths averaged 132 ft. on each side of the stream. Implementation included prescribed plantings, fencing, and related practices. Actual implementation costs, lease payments, and maintenance costs are borne by existing USDA programs: Conservation Reserve and Conservation Reserve Enhancement Programs. The lease period of each contract may vary between 10 to 15 years. During this year the average was 14.6 years. The total value of contracts established this year is $666,121 compared with $71,115 in Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) contract costs to provide the technical support needed to get the contracts implemented. This project provides technical staffing to conduct assessments and develop plans to help keep pace with the growing backlog of potential riparian buffer projects. Word of mouth from satisfied customers has brought in many new sign-ups during the year. In addition, specific outreach efforts targeting the orchard areas of the county began to bear fruit with orchardists sign-ups as the project year ended. Progress this second year of project includes only work accomplished in the Fifteenmile subbasin. A similar but separate effort to implement buffers in the Columbia Plateau Province was initiated during the year under project number 2002-019-00. This project supports RPA 150 and 153 as required under the Federal Hydropower System biological opinion.

Graves, Ron

2004-02-01

29

Utah System of Higher Education Data Book, 2002-2003.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report provides detailed statistical data on the Utah System of Higher Education (USHE), which includes 2 major research universities, 2 metropolitan/regional universities, 2 state colleges offering 4-year degrees, and 5 community colleges. Preliminary information includes a description of the USHE, a list of organization names, a list of…

Utah System of Higher Education, Salt Lake City.

30

Report of the Council and Accounts, 2002-2003  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Council of the British Astronomical Association presents its annual Report and Accounts for the session ended 2003 July 31. The excess of income over expenditure for the financial year ended 2003 June 30 was £ 275,068. This amount has been transferred to reserve.

Hurst, G. M.; Tucker, D.

2003-10-01

31

Gilliam County Riparian Buffers; 2002-2003 Annual Report.  

SciTech Connect

There are only two problems that have been encountered during the contract year. The first problem has to do with eligibility. To be eligible for CREP you must own land adjacent to stream that has been delineated an anadromous fish stream. The problem is there are areas in Gilliam County that are designated anadromous fish streams that probably don't deserve that delineation and then there are streams that are not listed that probably do deserve that delineation. This has affected a few proposed projects. For instance, there is a project area on a stream that is delineated on the eligibility map, but the particular reach we are working with does not show up on the map. ODFW then receives an eligibility sheet from FSA or the SWCD technician. On this particular area it says steelhead distribution is downstream .5 miles. FSA won't consider this area eligible for CREP, thus the landowner must enroll in CCRP, which doesn't quite have the incentives as CREP. We are working to improve the maps. A meeting has been scheduled to discuss some particular areas and possibly re-draw the eligibility map. The other problem has to do with the amount of cost share for off-stream watering facilities. Many landowners who wish to install spring developments and other off-stream watering facilities run into a problem with cost-share limits within the CREP guidelines. When a landowner wants to enroll all of his/her stream and exclude livestock from the creek entirely they are having to pay some out of pocket expenses to get enough water to sufficiently support their livestock without using the creek. There has been one landowner who decided not to enroll because of this technicality. The problems encountered are problems that occur within the parameters of the program. These problems may or may not be changed. Otherwise, interest in the programs has been excellent and will only get better. The number of contracts that were estimated to be negotiated in the three-year term may be a bit excessive. In counties such as Gilliam, most tracts of land are large parcels. If multiple project areas occur in the same tract then you have one contract per tract. This reduces your total number in a lot of cases. In year 1 there were 6 contracts negotiated and approved in the CREP program. Prior to the contract there were a total of 9. The program started in 1998. The numbers will only increase in year 2. Year two should be a drastic improvement over year one. There has already been several projects proposed that may or may not be approved during year 2. There are 367.4 acres of land that has been proposed in either CREP or CCRP, which would include 30.94 miles of stream buffered on both sides.

Coiner, Josh (Gilliam Soil and Water Conservation District, Condon, OR)

2003-05-01

32

Competition: Charter and Public Elementary Schools in Chicago  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Since the 2002-2003 academic year, the number of students attending and number of charter schools has grown. Yet, unknown are the comparative performance of charter schools as well as any factors, such as the market-based theory of competition, which may contribute to differences. Using geographic information systems and hierarchical linear…

Kamienski, Al

2011-01-01

33

Wheeler County Riparian Buffers; 2002-2003 Annual Report.  

SciTech Connect

Problems Encountered During Contract Year--Wheeler County residents are mostly non participants when it comes to Farm Services programs. Results of the counties non participation is the rental rates are the lowest in the state. There is a government fear factor as well as an obvious distance limitation. The FSA office is nearly 150 mile roundtrip from two of the counties urban areas. I find myself not only selling the CREP-Riparian Buffer but also selling Farm Services in general. Training has been very limited. NRCS is obviously not designed around training and certification. They are an on-the-job training organization. It has caused a hesitation in my outreach program and a great deal of frustration. I feel my confidence will strengthen with the follow through of the current projects. The most evident problem has come to light as of late. The program is too expensive to implement. The planting is too intensive for a 12''-18'' rainfall area. I provide the potential landowner a spread sheet with the bonuses, the costs, and the final outcome. No matter the situation, CREP or CCRP, the landowner always balks at the cost. The program assumes the landowner has the capital to make the initial investment. For example, project No.2 is going to be a minimum width buffer. It is approximately 3,000 ft long and 5.5 acres. The buffer for tree planting and fencing alone will result in a cost of nearly $13,000. With the water developments it nears $23,000. That is nearly 10% of a 250 mother-cow operating budget. Project No.1, the tree planting estimate is $45,000. This alone is nearly 25% of the same type of budget. I would greatly appreciate any help in finding a third party willing to put money to work covering the initial costs of the program, expecting reimbursement from Farm Services Agency. I believe this could create a powerful tool in buffering streams in Wheeler County. Outlook for Contract Year 2--I have been in this position now for 6 months. I am beginning to feel a much more confident in the buffer program. As my confidence improves I will move forward rapidly in contacting. With increased contacting I will find participating landowners. I am positive the landowner involved in my first project will be doing another after the first is complete.

Potter, Judy; Homer, Will (Wheeler County Soil and Water Conservation District, John Day, OR)

2004-02-01

34

Utilization of Village Midwives and Other Trained Delivery Attendants for Home Deliveries in Indonesia: Results of Indonesia Demographic and Health Survey 2002\\/2003 and 2007  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study aimed to examine factors associated with utilization of village midwife and other trained delivery attendants for\\u000a home deliveries. Information from 14,672 cases of the most recent home deliveries of mothers in the 5 year-period prior to\\u000a the Indonesia Demographic and Health Survey 2002\\/2003 and 2007 were analysed. Multinomial logistic regression analysis was\\u000a performed. The association between 26 factors categorised

Christiana R. Titaley; Michael J. Dibley; Christine L. Roberts

35

Forrest Ranch Management and Implementation, Annual Report 2002-2003.  

SciTech Connect

Through their John Day Basin Office, the Confederated Tribes of Warm Springs Reservation of Oregon (Tribes) acquired the Forrest Ranch during July of 2002. The property consists of two parcels located in the John Day subbasin within the Columbia basin. The mainstem parcel consists of 3,503 acres and is located 1/2 mile to the east of Prairie City, Oregon on the mainstem of the John Day River. The middle fork parcel consists of 820 acres and is located one mile to the west of the town of Austin, OR on the middle fork John Day River. The Forrest Ranch Project is under a memorandum of agreement with the Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) to provide an annual written report generally describing the real property interests of the project and management activities undertaken or in progress. The Forrest Ranch acquisition was funded by BPA as part of their program to protect, mitigate, and enhance fish and wildlife habitat affected by the operation of their hydroelectric facilities on the Columbia River and its tributaries. Following lengthy negotiations with the BPA and property owner, the Tribes were able to conclude the acquisition of the Forrest Ranch in July of 2002. The intent of the acquisition project was to partially mitigate fish and wildlife impacts for the John Day Dam on the Columbia River as outlined in the Northwest Power Planning Council's Wildlife Program (NPPC 1994, section 11.1, section 7.6). While the Tribes hold fee-title to the property, the BPA has assured a level of program funding through a memorandum of agreement and annual statement of work. As early as 1997, the Tribes identified this property as a priority for restoration in the John Day basin. In 2000, the Tribes arranged an agreement with the landowner to seek funds for the acquisition of both the Middle Fork and upper Mainstem John Day River holdings of Mr. John Forrest. This property had been a priority of not only the Tribes, but of many other basin natural resource agencies. The contract period was the first year of the program with December 2001 through July 2nd 2002 being previous to acquisition of the property. The majority of the activities conducted under the contract period were spent on O&M and pre acquisition activities.

Smith, Brent

2004-01-01

36

Banks Lake Fishery Evaluation Annual Report 2002-2003.  

SciTech Connect

The Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife implemented the Banks Lake Fishery Evaluation Project (BLFEP) in September 2001 with funds from the Bonneville Power Administration. Fiscal Year (FY) 2001 of the BLFEP was used to gather historic information, establish methods and protocols, collect limnology data, and conduct the first seasonal fish surveys. FY 2002 was used to continue seasonal fish and lakewide creel surveys and adjust methods and protocols as needed. Water quality parameters were collected monthly from February to May and bi-monthly from June to August. Banks Lake water temperatures began to increase in April and stratification was apparent by June at all 3 limnology collection sites. By late August, the thermocline had dropped to nearly 20 meters deep, with 16-17 C temperatures throughout the epilimnion. Dissolved oxygen levels were generally above 10 mg/L until August when dissolved oxygen dropped near or below 5 mg/L below 20-meters deep. Secchi depths ranged from 2.5-8 meters and varied by location and date. Nearshore and offshore fish surveys were conducted in October 2002 and May and July 2003 using boat electrofishing, fyke net, gill net, and hydroacoustic surveys. Yellow Perch Perca flavescens (32 %) and cottid spp. (22 %) dominated the nearshore species composition in October; however, by May yellow perch (12 %) were the third most common species followed by smallmouth bass Micropterous dolomieui (34 %) and lake whitefish Coregonus clupeaformis (14 %). Lake whitefish dominated the offshore catch during October (78 %) and May (81 %). Fish diet analysis indicated that juvenile fishes consumed primarily insects and zooplankton, while adult piscivores consumed cottids spp. and yellow perch most frequently. For FY 2002, the following creel statistics are comprehensive through August 31, 2003. The highest angling pressure occurred in June 2003, when anglers were primarily targeting walleye and smallmouth bass. Boat anglers utilized Steamboat State Park more frequently than any other boat ramp on Banks Lake. Shore anglers used the rock jetty at Coulee City Park 76 % of the time, with highest use occurring from November through April. An estimated total of 11,915 ({+-}140 SD) smallmouth bass, 6,412 ({+-}59 SD) walleye, 5,470 ({+-}260 SD) rainbow trout, and 1,949 ({+-}118 SD) yellow perch were harvested from Banks Lake in FY 2002. Only 3 kokanee were reported in the catch during the FY 2002 creel survey. In the future, data from the seasonal surveys and creel will be used to identify potential factors that may limit the production and harvest of kokanee, rainbow trout, and various spiny-rayed fishes in Banks Lake. The limiting factors that will be examined consist of: abiotic factors including water temperature, dissolved oxygen levels, habitat, exploitation and entrainment; and biotic factors including food limitation and predation. The BLFEP will also evaluate the success of several rearing and stocking strategies for hatchery kokanee in Banks Lake.

Polacek, Matt; Knuttgen, Kamia; Shipley, Rochelle

2003-11-01

37

Assessment of the Undergraduate Medical Education Environment in a Large UK Medical School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: To assess the undergraduate educational environment in a large UK medical school. Method: Prospective study using the already validated Dundee Ready Education Environment (DREEM) questionnaire ("Appendix 1"). Setting: A large UK medical school. Participants: All medical students enrolled in the academic year 2002/2003. Main outcome…

Dunne, Fidelma; McAleer, Sean; Roff, Susan

2006-01-01

38

Results of a Two-Year Longitudinal Study of Beverage-Specific Alcohol Use among Adolescents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study explored beverage-specific alcohol consumption patterns among a sample of high school students over a two-year period. Four hundred fifty-five students completed the validated questionnaire at all three time points (2002, 2003, 2004). Variables of interest included five use measures (past year use, 30-day frequency, quantity, heavy use,…

Moore, Michele Johnson; Werch, Chudley

2007-01-01

39

Research on Captive Broodstock Programs for Pacific Salmon, 2002-2003 Annual Report.  

SciTech Connect

The success of captive broodstock programs depends on high in-culture survival, appropriate development of the reproductive system, and the behavior and survival of cultured salmon after release, either as adults or juveniles. Continuing captive broodstock research designed to improve technology is being conducted to cover all major life history stages of Pacific salmon. Current velocity in rearing vessels had little if any effect on reproductive behavior of captively reared steelhead. However, males and females reared in high velocity vessels participated a greater number of spawning events than siblings reared in low velocity tanks. Observations of nesting females and associated males in a natural stream (Hamma Hamma River) were consistent with those observed in a controlled spawning channel. DNA pedigree analyses did not reveal significant differences in the numbers of fry produced by steelhead reared in high and low velocity vessels. To determine the critical period(s) for imprinting for sockeye salmon, juvenile salmon are being exposed to known odorants at key developmental stages. Subsequently they will be tested for development of long-term memories of these odorants. In 2002-2003, the efficacy of EOG analysis for assessing imprinting was demonstrated and will be applied in these and other behavioral and molecular tools in the current work plan. Results of these experiments will be important to determine the critical periods for imprinting for the offspring of captively-reared fish destined for release into natal rivers or lakes. By early August, the oocytes of all of Rapid River Hatchery chinook salmon females returning from the ocean had advanced to the tertiary yolk globule stage; whereas, only some of the captively reared Lemhi River females sampled had advanced to this stage, and the degree of advancement was not dependent on rearing temperature. The mean spawning time of captive Lemhi River females was 3-4 weeks after that of the Rapid River fish. Captive Lemhi River females produced smaller and fewer eggs than the Rapid River females; however, relative fecundity was higher than that of the Rapid River fish. Female coho salmon that ceased or slowed oocyte development in the spring had lower body growth from the previous August onward compared with females that continued oocyte growth. This indicates that growth during the late summer and fall, one year prior to spawning, can determine the decision to mature the following spring. Therefore it is important to maintain the growth of broodstock during the summer/fall period to ensure the continuation of ovary development in the subsequent spring. A combined whole cell vaccine of Renogen with killed R. salmoninarum strain MT239 may be effective in reducing the occurrence of BKD during the period immediately after seawater transfer, but not in yearling seawater-adapted chinook salmon. Control of BKD is likely to require an integrated disease management plan, utilizing three components, namely broodstock segregation, antibiotics, and vaccination. Vaccine results incorporated with antibiotic treatment will be used to work toward an integrated disease management plan to help to reduce the cycle of BKD transmission in the captive stocks to increase survival safely. Patterns of estimated survival in one chinook salmon stock (Grovers Creek)were generally consistent with inbreeding depression: progeny of fish that were full siblings (approximate increment in F of 0.25) survived to return at much lower rates than did progeny of fish that were half siblings (F {approx} 0.125) or unrelated individuals (F {approx} 0). Growth at sea of Grovers Creek Hatchery stock study fish was lower than that of UWH stock fish. Among the inbreeding groups alone, no clear differences in growth were detectable. However, preliminary results suggest the general pattern of growth was opposite that expected if inbreeding depression reduced growth: the highest growth was in progeny of related parents.

Berejikian, Barry A. (National Marine Fisheries Service)

2004-01-01

40

Preparing for a New School Year  

MedlinePLUS

... School Year Ages & Stages Listen Preparing for a New School Year Article Body The start of each ... friends again, they might be apprehensive about a new teacher and, in some cases, a new school. ...

41

Academic Performance and Substance Use among Students Aged 12 to 17: 2002, 2003, and 2004. The NSDUH Report. Issue 18  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report examines the differences in self-reported academic performance (i.e., average grades in the last semester or grading period) among students aged 12 to 17 by gender, age, and substance use. All findings are annual averages based on combined 2002, 2003, and 2004 NSDUH data. Researchers found that the frequency of the use of alcohol and…

Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, 2006

2006-01-01

42

Feedback processes between magmatic events and flank movement at Mount Etna (Italy) during the 2002-2003 eruption  

Microsoft Academic Search

The 2002-2003 Mount Etna eruption and the associated deformation provide a unique possibility to study the relationships between volcanism and volcano instability. The sequence started with movement of the eastern volcano flank and was associated with earthquakes and the formation of surface ruptures. Then the eruption occurred from fissures at the north and south rift zones and was followed by

Thomas R. Walter; Valerio Acocella; Marco Neri; Falk Amelung

2005-01-01

43

Feedback processes between magmatic events and flank movement at Mount Etna (Italy) during the 2002–2003 eruption  

Microsoft Academic Search

The 2002–2003 Mount Etna eruption and the associated deformation provide a unique possibility to study the relationships between volcanism and volcano instability. The sequence started with movement of the eastern volcano flank and was associated with earthquakes and the formation of surface ruptures. Then the eruption occurred from fissures at the north and south rift zones and was followed by

Thomas R. Walter; Valerio Acocella; Marco Neri; Falk Amelung

2005-01-01

44

Smoke-Free Homes and Smoking Behavior: Population evidence from the TUS-CPS 2002-2003 overlap sample  

Cancer.gov

Smoke-Free Homes & Smoking Cessation TUS-CPS 2002-2003 overlap sample Karen Messer, Ph D Moores UCSD Cancer Center Messer TUS 2009 2 Outline Importance of TUS-CPS overlap sample Background on recent US cessation trends Population evidence on Smoke-Free

45

Alabama State Board of Education School Report Card for 2002-2003. A State Summary.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report is a 'report card' of Alabama's education system. It contains information on: staffing and students; Student academic performance including performance on standardized teste and in writing skills; as well as information for taxpayers such as re...

2003-01-01

46

Analysis of simultaneous gravity and tremor anomalies observed during the 2002-2003 Etna eruption  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this paper we discuss the data collected by a large aperture array of broadband seismometers and a continuously recording gravity station during the 2002-2003 eruption of Etna volcano (Italy). Seismic signals recorded during the eruption are dominated by volcanic tremor whose energy spans the 0.5-5 Hz frequency band. On three different occasions (12 November, 19-20 November and 8-9 December 2002), we observed marked increases of the tremor amplitude (up to a factor of 4), which occurred simultaneously with gravity decreases (up to 30 ?Gal). The three concurrent gravity/tremor anomalies last 6 to 12 hours and terminate with rapid (up to 2 hours) changes, after which the signals return back to their original levels. Based on volcanological observations encompassing the simultaneous anomalies, we infer that the accumulation of a gas cloud at some level in the conduit plexus feeding a new eruptive vent could have acted as a joint source. This study highlights the potential of joint gravity-seismological analyses to both investigate the internal dynamic of a volcano and to improve the confidence of volcanic hazard assessment.

Carbone, Daniele; Zuccarello, Luciano; Saccorotti, Gilberto; Greco, Filippo

2006-05-01

47

Stratospheric water vapour as tracer for Vortex filamentation in the Arctic winter 2002/2003  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Balloon-borne frost point hygrometers measured three high-resolution profiles of stratospheric water vapour above Ny-Ålesund, Spitsbergen during winter 2002/2003. The profiles obtained on 12 December 2002 and on 17 January 2003 provide an insight into the vertical distribution of water vapour in the core of the polar vortex. The water vapour sounding on 11 February 2003 was obtained within the vortex edge region of the lower stratosphere. Here, a significant reduction of water vapour mixing ratio was observed between 16 and 19 km. The stratospheric temperatures indicate that this dehydration was not caused by the presence of polar stratospheric clouds or earlier PSC particle sedimentation. Ozone observations on this day indicate a large scale movement of the polar vortex and show laminae in the same altitude range as the water vapour profile. The link between the observed water vapour reduction and filaments in the vortex edge region is indicated in the results of the semi-lagrangian advection model MIMOSA, which show that adjacent filaments of polar and mid latitude air can be identified above the Spitsbergen region. A vertical cross-section produced by the MIMOSA model reveals that the water vapour sonde flew through polar air in the lowest part of the stratosphere below 425 K, then passed through filaments of mid latitude air with lower water vapour concentrations, before it finally entered the polar vortex above 450 K. These results indicate that on 11 February 2003 the frost point hygrometer measured different water vapour concentrations as the sonde detected air with different origins. Instead of being linked to dehydration due to PSC particle sedimentation, the local reduction in the stratospheric water vapour profile was in this case caused by dynamical processes in the polar stratosphere.

Müller, M.; Neuber, R.; Fierli, F.; Hauchecorne, A.; Vömel, H.; Oltmans, S. J.

2003-11-01

48

Year-Round versus Traditional Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document serves as a literature review for the practicality and cost effectiveness of traditional versus year-round school systems. The differences in year-round and traditional schools are many, as the debate lingers on which type is best for students' learning. Generally conclusive, the literature indicates that year-round schools' benefits…

Lyttle, LeighAnne

2011-01-01

49

Missouri Public School Accountability Report. 2009-10 School Year  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Each year, the Missouri Department of Elementary and Secondary Education publishes an online "school accountability report card" for each public school district, each building and each charter school. This document provides a statewide report card on key accountability measures about Missouri public schools, including information required by the…

Missouri Department of Elementary and Secondary Education, 2010

2010-01-01

50

Stratospheric water vapour as tracer for vortex filamentation in the Arctic winter 2002/2003  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

During winter 2002/2003, three balloon-borne frost point hygrometers measured high-resolution profiles of stratospheric water vapour above Ny-Ålesund, Spitsbergen. All measurements reveal a high H2O mixing ratio of about 7 ppmv above 24 km, thus differing significantly from the 5 ppmv that are commonly assumed for the calculation of polar stratospheric cloud existence temperatures. The profiles obtained on 12 December 2002 and on 17 January 2003 provide an insight into the vertical distribution of water vapour in the core of the polar vortex. Unlike the earlier profiles, the water vapour sounding on 11 February 2003 detected the vortex edge region in the lower part of the stratosphere. Here, a striking diminuition in H2O mixing ratio stands out between 16 and 19 km. The according stratospheric temperatures clarify that this dehydration can not be caused by the presence of polar stratospheric clouds or earlier PSC particle sedimentation. On the same day, ozone observations by lidar indicate a large scale movement of the polar vortex, while an ozone sonde measurement even shows laminae in the same altitude range as in the water vapour profile. Tracer lamination in the vortex edge region is caused by filamentation of the vortex. The link between the observed water vapour diminuition and filaments in the vortex edge region is highlighted by results of the MIMOSA contour advection model. In the altitude of interest, adjoined filaments of polar and mid-latitudinal air can be identified above the Spitsbergen region. A vertical cross-section reveals that the water vapour sonde has flown through polar air in the lowest part of the stratosphere. Where the low water vapour mixing ratio was detected, the balloon passed through air from a mid-latitudinal filament from about 425 to 445 K, before it finally entered the polar vortex above 450 K. The MIMOSA model results elucidate the correlation that on 11 February 2003 the frost point hygrometer measured strongly variable water vapour concentrations as the sonde detected air with different origins, respectively. Instead of being linked to dehydration due to PSC particle sedimentation, the local diminuition in the stratospheric water vapour profile of 11 February 2003 has been found to be caused by dynamical processes in the polar stratosphere.

Müller, M.; Neuber, R.; Fierli, F.; Hauchecorne, A.; Vömel, H.; Oltmans, S. J.

2003-08-01

51

Magma, faults, and gravitational loading at Mount Etna: The 2002-2003 eruptive period  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Mount Etna is characterized by a complex structural setting that influences its evolution. In order to understand how the interaction between dike-forming intrusions and faulting influences the kinematics of the volcanic edifice, we developed a numerical model. It takes account of the topography, the medium heterogeneities, the gravitational loading, and the most active crustal discontinuities. A parameterization of the apparent coefficient of friction, as a function of the depth, has been considered in the range from 0.01 to 0.5. The density values used, Young's modulus, and Poisson's ratio range from about 1700 to 3200 kg/m3, 8.5 to 140 GPa, and 0.15 to 0.35, respectively. The model was applied to the 2002-2003 Etna eruption. The resulting deformation pattern was in agreement with the data provided by the continuous GPS stations and the seismological knowledge, obtaining displacements up to 1 m. Some discrepancies between the recorded ground deformation field and the modeled displacements allowed us to make some hypotheses on the volcano-tectonic (e.g., for the Pernicana fault) or regional-tectonic origin (Acireale-S. Alfio fault system) of the crustal discontinuities. Moreover, our results suggested that the Pernicana fault is characterized by a very low apparent coefficient of friction, less than 0.1. Furthermore, we evaluated the contribution of the gravitational loading and found that it implies a variation of about 10% of the overall deformation pattern. Our results clearly showed that the weight of the volcanic edifice acts in opposition to the magmatic intrusions. Conversely, we found that the presence of medium heterogeneities may favor the eastern flank movements toward the SE and the spreading of the summit area, playing a fundamental role in ascending magma. Finally, we investigated the shallow sliding model and found that dike-forming intrusions produce negligible displacements, less than 1 mm, along the subhorizontal detachment surface. Therefore, the gravitational loading during dike-forming intrusions is not able to trigger sliding processes along this plane.

Aloisi, Marco; Mattia, Mario; Monaco, Carmelo; Pulvirenti, Fabio

2011-05-01

52

Nevada Public High School Dropouts. School Year 1988-89.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This is the first in a series of annual reports presenting information on the number of students who dropout of Nevada high schools. The report, covering the 1988-89 school year, is based on a count of dropouts, made each school year by the Nevada State Department of Education. Changes made in the student accounting regulations in January 1988…

Carpenter, John

53

Summer School, Extended School Year, and Year-Round Schooling for Disadvantaged Students. ERIC/CUE Digest Number 42.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Recent research shows no significant educational benefits from providing summer schools, extended school years, or year-round schooling to disadvantaged students. However, the severe educational difficulties faced by these students, combined with the many practical reasons for deviating from the traditional school year, are strong reasons why…

Ascher, Carol

54

2002-2003 Wet Season Branchiopod Survey Report, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Site 300, Alameda and San Joaquin Counties, California  

SciTech Connect

Condor Country Consulting conducted surveys for listed branchiopods in the 2002-2003 wet season to complete requirements of the Guidelines (USFWS 1996) used to determine the distribution of federally-listed branchiopods within the study area. The first survey was performed during the previous wet season (2001-2002). The 2002-2003 wet season survey, combined with the previous season's survey, is intended to provide LLNL with information that will assist them in determining the effects of the proposed action on federally listed branchiopods and provide information useful in the preparation of the associated environmental documentation. It is also expected to satisfy the survey requirements of the USFWS. For the purpose of this report, the term branchiopod refers specifically to phyllopodous branchiopods and not cladocerans. Fairy shrimp, tadpole shrimp, and clam shrimp are all categorized as phyllopodous branchiopods and are currently the only members of the Class Branchiopoda that contain species that are listed under the federal Endangered Species Act. Although cladocerans are branchiopods and were found on the site, they are only referred to by the Order in this report because they are not the target species of this study.

Weber, W; Woollett, J

2004-11-16

55

Research on Captive Broodstock Programs for Pacific Salmon; Assessment of Captive Broodstock Technologies, Annual Report 2002-2003.  

SciTech Connect

The success of captive broodstock programs depends on high in-culture survival, appropriate development of the reproductive system, and the behavior and survival of cultured salmon after release, either as adults or juveniles. Continuing captive broodstock research designed to improve technology is being conducted to cover all major life history stages of Pacific salmon. Current velocity in rearing vessels had little if any effect on reproductive behavior of captively reared steelhead. However, males and females reared in high velocity vessels participated a greater number of spawning events than siblings reared in low velocity tanks. Observations of nesting females and associated males in a natural stream (Hamma Hamma River) were consistent with those observed in a controlled spawning channel. DNA pedigree analyses did not reveal significant differences in the numbers of fry produced by steelhead reared in high and low velocity vessels. To determine the critical period(s) for imprinting for sockeye salmon, juvenile salmon are being exposed to known odorants at key developmental stages. Subsequently they will be tested for development of long-term memories of these odorants. In 2002-2003, the efficacy of EOG analysis for assessing imprinting was demonstrated and will be applied in these and other behavioral and molecular tools in the current work plan. Results of these experiments will be important to determine the critical periods for imprinting for the offspring of captively-reared fish destined for release into natal rivers or lakes. By early August, the oocytes of all of Rapid River Hatchery chinook salmon females returning from the ocean had advanced to the tertiary yolk globule stage; whereas, only some of the captively reared Lemhi River females sampled had advanced to this stage, and the degree of advancement was not dependent on rearing temperature. The mean spawning time of captive Lemhi River females was 3-4 weeks after that of the Rapid River fish. Captive Lemhi River females produced smaller and fewer eggs than the Rapid River females; however, relative fecundity was higher than that of the Rapid River fish. Female coho salmon that ceased or slowed oocyte development in the spring had lower body growth from the previous August onward compared with females that continued oocyte growth. This indicates that growth during the late summer and fall, one year prior to spawning, can determine the decision to mature the following spring. Therefore it is important to maintain the growth of broodstock during the summer/fall period to ensure the continuation of ovary development in the subsequent spring. A combined whole cell vaccine of Renogen with killed R. salmoninarum strain MT239 may be effective in reducing the occurrence of BKD during the period immediately after seawater transfer, but not in yearling seawater-adapted chinook salmon. Control of BKD is likely to require an integrated disease management plan, utilizing three components, namely broodstock segregation, antibiotics, and vaccination. Vaccine results incorporated with antibiotic treatment will be used to work toward an integrated disease management plan to help to reduce the cycle of BKD transmission in the captive stocks to increase survival safely. Patterns of estimated survival in one chinook salmon stock (Grovers Creek) were generally consistent with inbreeding depression: progeny of fish that were full siblings (approximate increment in F of 0.25) survived to return at much lower rates than did progeny of fish that were half siblings (F {approx} 0.125) or unrelated individuals (F {approx} 0). Growth at sea of Grovers Creek Hatchery stock study fish was lower than that of UWH stock fish. Among the inbreeding groups alone, no clear differences in growth were detectable. However, preliminary results suggest the general pattern of growth was opposite that expected if inbreeding depression reduced growth: the highest growth was in progeny of related parents.

Berejikian, Barry

2004-01-01

56

Amphipod prey of gray whales in the northern Bering Sea: Comparison of biomass and distribution between the 1980s and 2002 2003  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The ampeliscid amphipod community in the Chirikov Basin of the northern Bering Sea was a focus of study during the 1980s because they were a major food for the Eastern North Pacific (ENP) population of gray whales Eschrichtius robustus. Information from the 1980s benthic investigations, published accounts of ENP gray whale population trends and the occurrence in 1999-2000 of an unusual number of gray whale mortalities prompted concern that the whale population may have exceeded the carrying capacity of its food base. Therefore, during two cruises per year between June and September, 2002 and 2003, we resampled the 20 stations occupied during the 1980s, to determine if there had been any significant changes in ampeliscid abundance and biomass. During 2002-2003, average ampeliscid dry weight biomass was about 28±10 g m -2 (95% confidence interval), a decline of nearly 50% from maximum values in the 1980s. Amphipod length measurements indicated that the declines were due mainly to the absence of the larger animals (20-30 mm length). Two hypotheses were considered regarding the amphipod declines: gray whale predation and climate. Ampeliscid production (105 kcal m -2 yr -1) and gray whale energy requirements (1.6×10 8 kcal individual -1 yr -1) indicated that as little as 3-6% of the current estimate of the ENP gray whale population could remove 10-20% of the annual ampeliscid production from the study site in 2002-2003, a finding consistent with the hypothesis that top-down control by foraging whales was the primary cause of the observed declines. A 10-yr time series of temperature near the bottom in the Bering Strait and northward transport did not reveal a consistent trend between 1990 and 2001, suggesting that climate influences were not the major cause of the observed declines. Arctic ampeliscids have slow growth rates and long generation times; therefore the ampeliscid community may require decades to recover to densities observed in the 1980s. Predicted warming trends in the northern Bering Sea could impact ampeliscid recovery by lowering primary production or altering the community composition of the benthos.

Coyle, Kenneth O.; Bluhm, Bodil; Konar, Brenda; Blanchard, Arny; Highsmith, Raymond C.

2007-11-01

57

[Influenza vaccination by Lower Saxonian general practitioners - a secondary analysis of physicians' data from 1995/1996, 2002/2003, and 2005/2006].  

PubMed

Vaccination against infection with human influenza virus is considered to be one of the most effective preventive measures available, especially when complications such as hospitalisation or death and indirect costs from off-work are considered. General practice is the preferable place for annual influenza vaccination because here the elderly and those endangered from bad health conditions are cared for frequently and regularly. The aim of this study was to find out the frequencies of influenza vaccination by Lower Saxonian contract physicians during three time periods with special respect to patients of older age or at risk. Data from two sources of health-care service have been analysed, namely from the contract physicians' union of Lower Saxony with all physicians vaccinating against influenza in the winter seasons of 1995/1996, 2002/2003, and 2005/2006, and from direct access to the electronic practice record system of 79 general practices via the BDT software data interface. Contract physicians, of whom more than 90 % are general practitioners, from Lower Saxony, vaccinate patients of the statutory health insurance against influenza in markedly increasing numbers, since 1995/1996 and 2002/2003 up to 2005/2006. Those over sixty years old or at high risk from bad health conditions are vaccinated up to seven-fold more frequently, compared to other patients. Influenza vaccination coverage rates (VCRs) are significantly higher in small and in medium-sized practices, compared to those with many patients. Nevertheless, influenza VCRs in Lower Saxony are not yet as high as would be necessary or desirable when compared internationally. Secondary analysis of aggregated health service data revealed inconsistencies in the primary material on cross-checking and validating, probably being caused during the external process of data aggregation and anonymisation. Also major systematic obstacles were found in the subsequent process of analysis. Nevertheless, fundamental results have been produced and are valid for all statutory health insured Lower Saxonians. Data from direct access to electronic practice records allowed for a deeper and multi-faceted insight into 101 928 patients of the same population, limited by the possibility of selection bias ('convenience sample'). Secondary analysis of health service data from different sources and their cross-check comparison is possible and successful. It is important to inform and involve the holder of the primary data extensively, following the guide lines of "good practice secondary data analysis". PMID:20440676

Hauswaldt, J; Kersting, M; Hummers-Pradier, E

2010-06-01

58

The First Seven Years at School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper assesses the cumulative long-term impact of successive years of high quality provision in schools. This was achieved by looking at the consequences, up to the age of 11 (Year 6), of attending a school where there was high or low value-added in each of the 7 years of primary education in England. Multi-level models for thousands of…

Tymms, Peter; Jones, Paul; Albone, Stephen; Henderson, Brian

2009-01-01

59

Cochlear Implanted Pupils in Scottish Schools: 4-Year School Attainment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Achievements of Deaf Pupils in Scotland (ADPS) project has been tracking the educational attainment of deaf pupils in Scotland's schools since 2000. At the time of writing, the database contains records for 1,752 deaf pupils (2000--2005). Here 4-year aggregate educational attainment data are reported for a subset of 152 school-aged deaf pupils…

Thoutenhoofd, Ernst

2006-01-01

60

Federal Student Aid Handbook, 2002-2003. Volume 5: Perkins Loans.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This volume describes the Federal Perkins Loan Program, which comprises Federal Perkins Loans, National Direct Student Loans (NDSLs), and National Defense Student Loans (Defense Loans). Perkins Loans and NDSLs are low-interest long-term loans made through school financial aid offices to help needy undergraduate and graduate students pay for…

Office of Federal Student Aid (ED), Washington, DC.

61

New American Schools after Six Years.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book describes the evolution of New American Schools (NAS) and its strategy for reform during its first 6 years of operation. After a short introduction in chapter 1, chapter 2 outlines the potential contribution of school designs and design-based assistance to education reform, focusing on the nature of NAS designs, the character of…

Glennan, Thomas K., Jr.

62

Teacher Competence for the Middle School Years.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report contains addresses and symposium discussions presented at the conference on teacher competence for the middle school years (fifth or sixth through eighth grades) which was attended by about 100 educators for various levels and positions. The foreword lists three questions posed by emergence of the middle school movement which the…

Upper Midwest Regional Educational Lab., Inc., Minneapolis, Minn.

63

Assess Current and Potential Salmonid Production in Rattlesnake Creek Associated with Restoration Efforts; Underwood Conservation District, Annual Report 2002-2003.  

SciTech Connect

This project addresses existing habitat conditions, fish population status, and restoration priority sites within the Rattlesnake Creek watershed, a sub-basin of the White Salmon River. Our partners in this project are the United States Geological Service (USGS), and the Yakama Indian Nation (YIN). Underwood Conservation District (UCD) is involved in the project via accomplishment of water quality monitoring, sampling for stable isotopes, and characterization of the watershed geomorphology. These work items are part of an effort to characterize the stream and riparian habitat conditions in Rattlesnake Creek, to help guide habitat and fish restoration work. Water chemistry and temperature information is being collected both on Rattlesnake Creek, and on other tributaries and the main stem of the White Salmon River. Information on the entire system enables us to compare results obtained from Rattlesnake Creek with the rest of the White Salmon system. Water chemistry and temperature data have been collected in a manner that is comparable with data gathered in previous years. The results from data gathered in the 2001-2002 performance period are reported in appendix A at the end of this 2002-2003 report. Additional work being conducted as part of this study includes; an estimate of salmonid population abundance (YIN and USGS); a determination of fish species composition, distribution, and life history (YIN and USGS), and a determination of existing kinds, distribution, and severity of fish diseases (YIN and USGS). The overall objective is to utilize the above information to prioritize restoration efforts in Rattlesnake Creek.

White, Jim

2004-02-01

64

Leadership Schools: The Second Year of Whole School Reform Implementation, 2000-01 School Year. Findings from the External Evaluation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report documents findings from site visits and other data collected by the Schools of the 21st Century (S21C)-Detroit Annenberg Challenge External Evaluation Team during the 2000-01 school year regarding Detroit's Leadership Schools efforts. The S21C approach emphasized improving student-teacher relationships, enhancing school-community…

Abt Associates, Inc., Cambridge, MA.

65

Corridor Integrated Weather System Operational Benefits 2002-2003: Initial Estimates of Convective Weather Delay Reduction.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report summarizes the preliminary results of a two-year study to determine if the Corridor Integrated Weather System (CIWS) concept would enable airspace users to increase safety and significantly reduce convective weather delays in the highly conges...

B. Crowe D. Klingle-Wilson J. Evans M. Robinson S. Allan

2004-01-01

66

Performance of High School Students Enrolled in Public Colleges and Universities, Fall 2003. A Policy Commission Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document presents tabular data on the performance of high school students enrolled in public colleges and universities in West Virginia in Fall 2003. Data is provided for the following areas: (1) 2002-2003 West Virginia Public High School Graduates Enrolling in West Virginia Public Colleges in Fall 2003, by County; (2) 2002-2003 West Virginia…

West Virginia Higher Education Policy Commission, 2004

2004-01-01

67

A Year-Round School Cost Model.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study involved the development and use of a cost model to assess the economic consequences of the introduction of a year-round school (YRS) program. The cost model has two components. First, a comprehensive accounting procedure details the costs unique to a year-round calendar and estimates the costs that would have been incurred if the…

Burnett, Robert W.

68

A Tale of Two Connecticuts: 2002-2003 Kids Count Data Book.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This Kids Count Data book details trends in the well-being of Connecticut's children. The statistical portrait is based on 23 indicators in the areas of demographics, security, health, education, and safety. This year's new format presents the data at the county and town levels, covering 169 municipalities and 8 counties. The data book begins with…

Osuch, Donna S.; Horan, James P.

69

Protect and Restore Lolo Creek Watershed, 2002-2003 Annual Report.  

SciTech Connect

The Nez Perce Tribe Department of Fisheries Resource Management, Watershed Division approaches watershed restoration with a ridge-top to ridge-top approach. Watershed restoration projects within the Lolo Creek watershed are coordinated with the Clearwater National Forest and Potlatch Corporation. The Nez Perce Tribe began watershed restoration projects within the Lolo Creek watershed of the Clearwater River in 1996. Progress has been made in restoring the watershed by excluding cattle from critical riparian areas through fencing, stabilizing streambanks, decommissioning roads, and upgrading culverts. During the years 2000-2003, trees were planted in riparian areas of headwater streams to Lolo Creek. Inventory of culverts is an on-going practice, being completed by sub-drainage, and are being prioritized for replacement to accommodate fish passage and 100-year flow events throughout the watershed. Tribal crews completed maintenance to the previously built fence.

McRoberts, Heidi (Nez Perce Tribe, Department of Fisheries Resource Management, Lapwai, ID)

2004-01-01

70

Chronology and complex volcanic processes during the 2002–2003 flank eruption at Stromboli volcano (Italy) reconstructed from direct observations and surveys with a handheld thermal camera  

Microsoft Academic Search

Effusive activity at Stromboli is uncommon, and the 2002–2003 flank eruption gave us the opportunity to observe and analyze a number of complex volcanic processes. In particular, the use of a handheld thermal camera during the eruption allowed us to monitor the volcano even in difficult weather and operating conditions. Regular helicopter-borne surveys with the thermal camera throughout the eruption

Sonia Calvari; Letizia Spampinato; Luigi Lodato; Andrew J. L. Harris; Matthew R. Patrick; Jonathan Dehn; Michael R. Burton; Daniele Andronico

2005-01-01

71

Chronology and complex volcanic processes during the 2002-2003 flank eruption at Stromboli volcano (Italy) reconstructed from direct observations and surveys with a handheld thermal camera  

Microsoft Academic Search

Effusive activity at Stromboli is uncommon, and the 2002-2003 flank eruption gave us the opportunity to observe and analyze a number of complex volcanic processes. In particular, the use of a handheld thermal camera during the eruption allowed us to monitor the volcano even in difficult weather and operating conditions. Regular helicopter-borne surveys with the thermal camera throughout the eruption

Sonia Calvari; Letizia Spampinato; Luigi Lodato; Andrew J. L. Harris; Matthew R. Patrick; Jonathan Dehn; Michael R. Burton; Daniele Andronico

2005-01-01

72

Lake Roosevelt Volunteer Net Pens, Lake Roosevelt Rainbow Trout Net Pens, 2002-2003 Annual Report.  

SciTech Connect

The completion of Grand Coulee Dam for power production, flood control, and irrigation resulted in the creation of a blocked area above the dam and in the loss of anadromous fish. Because of lake level fluctuations required to meet the demands for water release or storage, native or indigenous fish were often threatened. For many years very little effort was given to stocking the waters above the dam. However, studies by fish biologists showed that there was a good food base capable of supporting rainbow and kokanee (Gangmark and Fulton 1949, Jagielo 1984, Scholz etal 1986, Peone etal 1990). Further studies indicated that artificial production might be a way of restoring or enhancing the fishery. In the 1980's volunteers experimented with net pens. The method involved putting fingerlings in net pens in the fall and rearing them into early summer before release. The result was an excellent harvest of healthy fish. The use of net pens to hold the fingerlings for approximately nine months appears to reduce predation and the possibility of entrainment during draw down and to relieve the hatcheries to open up available raceways for future production. The volunteer net pen program grew for a few years but raising funds to maintain the pens and purchase food became more and more difficult. In 1995 the volunteer net pen project (LRDA) was awarded a grant through the Northwest Power Planning Council's artificial production provisions.

Smith, Gene

2003-11-01

73

Oxbow Conservation Area; Middle Fork John Day River, Annual Report 2002-2003.  

SciTech Connect

In early 2001, the Confederated Tribes of Warm Springs, through their John Day Basin Office, concluded the acquisition of the Oxbow Ranch, now know as the Oxbow Conservation Area (OCA). Under a memorandum of agreement with the Bonneville Power Administration (BPA), the Tribes are required to provided BPA an 'annual written report generally describing the real property interests in the Project, HEP analyses undertaken or in progress, and management activities undertaken or in progress'. The 2002 contract period was well funded and the second year of the project. A new manager started in April, allowing the previous manager to focus his efforts on the Forrest Ranch acquisition. However, the Oxbow Habitat manager's position was vacant from October through mid February of 2003. During this time, much progress, mainly O&M, was at a minimum level. Many of the objectives were not completed during this contract due to both the size and duration needed to complete such activities (example: dredge mine tailings restoration project) or because budget crisis issues with BPA ending accrual carryover on the fiscal calendar. Although the property had been acquired a year earlier, there were numerous repairs and discoveries, which on a daily basis could pull personnel from making progress on objectives for the SOW, aside from O&M objectives. A lack of fencing on a portion of the property's boundary and deteriorating fences in other areas are some reasons much time was spent chasing trespassing cattle off of the property. The success of this property purchase can be seen on a daily basis. Water rights were used seldom in the summer of 2002, with minor irrigation water diverted from only Granite Boulder Creek. Riparian fences on the river, Ruby and Granite Boulder creeks help promote important vegetation to provide shade and bank stabilization. Trees planted in this and past years are growing and will someday provide cover fish and wildlife. Even grazing on the property was carefully managed to ensure the protection of fish and wildlife habitat. Monitoring of property populations, resources, and management activities continued in 2002 to build a database for future management of this and other properties in the region.

Cochran, Brian; Smith, Brent

2003-07-01

74

Hood River Monitoring and Evaluation Project, Annual Report 2002-2003.  

SciTech Connect

The Hood River Production Program Monitoring and Evaluation Project is co-managed by the Confederated Tribes of Warm Springs (CTWSRO) and the Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife. The program is divided up to share responsibilities, provide efficiency, and avoid duplication. From October 2002 to September 2003 (FY 03) project strategies were implemented to monitor, protect, and restore anadromous fish and fish habitat in the Hood River subbasin. A description of the progress during FY 03 is reported here. Additionally an independent review of the entire program was completed in 2003. The purpose of the review was to determine if project goals and actions were achieved, look at critical uncertainties for present and future actions, determine cost effectiveness, and choose remedies that would increase program success. There were some immediate changes to the implementation of the project, but the bulk of the recommendations will be realized in coming years.

Vaivoda, Alexis

2004-02-01

75

Wind River Watershed Restoration Project; Underwood Conservation District, Annual Report 2002-2003.  

SciTech Connect

The goal of the Wind River project is to preserve, protect and restore Wind River steelhead. In March, 1998, the National Marine Fisheries Service listed the steelhead of the lower Columbia as 'threatened' under the Endangered Species Act. In 1997, the Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife rated the status of the Wind River summer run steelhead as critical. Due to the status of this stock, the Wind River summer steelhead have the highest priority for recovery and restoration in the state of Washington's Lower Columbia Steelhead Conservation Initiative. The Wind River Project includes four cooperating agencies. Those are the Underwood Conservation District (UCD), United States Geological Service (USGS), US Forest Service (USFS), and Washington State Department of Fish & Wildlife (WDFW). Tasks include monitoring steelhead populations (USGS and WDFW), Coordinating a Watershed Committee and Technical Advisory Group (UCD), evaluating physical habitat conditions (USFS and UCD), assessing watershed health (all), reducing road sediments sources (USFS), rehabilitating riparian corridors, floodplains, and channel geometry (UCD, USFS), evaluate removal of Hemlock Dam (USFS), and promote local watershed stewardship (UCD, USFS). UCD's major efforts have included coordination of the Wind River Watershed Committee and Technical Advisory Committee (TAC), water temperature and water chemistry monitoring, riparian habitat improvement projects, and educational activities. Our coordination work enables the local Watershed Committee and TAC to function and provide essential input to Agencies, and our habitat improvement work focuses on riparian revegetation. Water chemistry and temperature data collection provide information for monitoring watershed conditions and fish habitat, and are comparable with data gathered in previous years. Water chemistry information collected on Trout Creek should, with 2 years data, determine whether pH levels make conditions favorable for a fish parasite, Heteropolaria lwoffi. Educational activities further the likelihood that future generations will continue to understand and enjoy the presence of native fish stocks in the Wind River basin.

White, Jim

2004-02-01

76

Reestablish Safe Access into Tributaries of the Yakima Subbasin, Progress Report 2002-2003.  

SciTech Connect

Safe Access work has concentrated on the lower portions of five drainages in the Upper Yakima Basin. Streams in the Kittitas Valley include Wilson Creek, Naneum and Little Naneum Creeks, Reecer and Currier Creeks, and Manastash Creek. Tucker Creek is tributary to the Yakima River near Easton, Washington to the northwest. For numerous reasons delays in project implementation have occurred. Unclear water rights have resulted in long delays; however, permitting delays, general landowner reluctance to commit to any deviation from past practices, and lengthy legal review have all been factors. Realistic work windows are short and do not coincide well with fiscal year planning and contract renewals. The following is a summary of the projects anticipated under Safe Access that the Yakama Nation thought would be funded by BPA via carry-forward/over monies. Preparatory work toward construction in 03 was done for projects in the Wilson, Naneum and Tucker Creek systems; feasibility studies were done in the Manastash and Reecer systems by Montgomery Watson Harza (MWH) relative to screening and passage options and associated costs.

Fraser, Hank

2003-03-01

77

Reestablish Safe Access into Tributaries of the Yakima Subbasin, 2002-2003 Progress Report.  

SciTech Connect

''Safe Access'' work has concentrated on the lower portions of five drainages in the Upper Yakima Basin. Streams in the Kittitas Valley include Wilson Creek, Naneum and Little Naneum Creeks, Reecer and Currier Creeks, and Manastash Creek. Tucker Creek is tributary to the Yakima River near Easton, Washington to the northwest. For numerous reasons delays in project implementation have occurred. Unclear water rights have resulted in long delays; however, permitting delays, general landowner reluctance to commit to any deviation from past practices, and lengthy legal review have all been factors. Realistic work windows are short and do not coincide well with fiscal year planning and contract renewals. The following is a summary of the projects anticipated under ''Safe Access'' that the Yakama Nation thought would be funded by BPA via carry-forward/over monies. Preparatory work toward construction in '03 was done for projects in the Wilson, Naneum and Tucker Creek systems; feasibility studies were done in the Manastash and Reecer systems by Montgomery Watson Harza (MWH) relative to screening and passage options and associated costs.

Fraser, Hank (Yakama Nation Fisheries, Toppenish, WA)

2003-03-01

78

Close temporal correspondence between geomagnetic anomalies and earthquakes during the 2002-2003 eruption of Etna volcano  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The early stages of the 2002-2003 lateral eruption at Mount Etna were accompanied by slow changes (over some hours) and some rapid step offsets in the local magnetic field. At five monitoring locations, the total magnetic field intensity has been measured using continuously operating Overhauser magnetometers at a sampling rate of 10 s. The very unique aspect of these observations is the close temporal correspondence between magnetic field offsets and earthquakes that occurred in the upper northern flank of the volcano on 27 October 2002 prior to a primary eruption. Rapid coseismic changes of the magnetic field were clearly identified for three of the most energetic earthquakes, which were concentrated along the Northeast Rift at a depth of about 1 km below sea level. Coseismic magnetic signals, with amplitudes from 0.5 to 2.5 nT, have been detected for three of the largest seismic events located roughly midway between the magnetic stations. We quantitatively examine possible geophysical mechanisms, which could cause the magnetic anomalies. The comparison between magnetic data, seismicity and surface phenomena implies that piezomagnetic effects are the primary physical mechanism responsible for the observed magnetic anomalies although the detailed cause of the rapid high stress change required is not clear. The modeling of the observed coseismic magnetic changes in terms of piezomagnetic mechanism provides further evidence of the complex interaction between volcanic and tectonic processes during dike propagation along the Northeast Rift. Copyright 2007 by the American Geophysical Union.

Currenti, G.; Del, Negro, C.; Johnston, M.; Sasai, Y.

2007-01-01

79

Umatilla River Fish Passage Operations Program, 2002-2003 Annual Report.  

SciTech Connect

Threemile Falls Dam (Threemile Dam), located near the town of Umatilla, is the major collection and counting point for adult salmonids returning to the Umatilla River. Returning salmon and steelhead were enumerated at Threemile Dam from August 17, 2002 to September 29, 2003. A total of 3,080 summer steelhead (Oncorhynchus mykiss); 1716 adult, 617 jack, and 1,709 subjack fall chinook (O. tshawytscha); 3,820 adult and 971 jack coho (O. kisutch); and 3,607 adult and 135 jack spring chinook (O. tshawytscha) were counted. All fish were enumerated at the east bank facility. Of the fish counted, 6 summer steelhead and 330 adult and 49 jack spring chinook were hauled upstream from Threemile Dam. There were 2,882 summer steelhead; 1161 adult, 509 jack and 1,546 subjack fall chinook; 3,704 adult and 915 jack coho; and 2,406 adult and 31 jack spring chinook either released at, or allowed to volitionally migrate past, Threemile Dam. Also, 109 summer steelhead; 532 adult and 32 jack fall chinook; and 560 adult and 28 jack spring chinook were collected for brood. In addition, 282 spring chinook were collected for the outplanting efforts in the Walla Walla Basin. The Westland Canal juvenile facility (Westland), located near the town of Echo at rivermile (RM) 27, is the major collection point for outmigrating juvenile salmonids and steelhead kelts. The canal was open for 159 days between January 27 and July 4, 2003. During that period, fish were bypassed back to the river 145 days and were trapped 11 days. An estimated 205 pounds of juvenile fish were transported from Westland to the Umatilla River boat ramp (RM 0.5). Approximately 82% of the juveniles transported were salmonids. No steelhead kelts were hauled from Westland this year. The Threemile Dam west bank juvenile bypass was opened on September 16, 2002. and continued until November 1, 2002. The bypass was reopened March 3, 2003 and ran until July 3, 2003. The juvenile trap was operated by the Umatilla Passage Evaluation Project.

Bronson, James P. (Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation, Department of Natural Resources, Pendleton, OR); Duke, Bill B. (Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife, Pendleton, OR)

2004-03-01

80

Grande Ronde Basin Fish Habitat Enhancement Project, Annual Report 2002-2003.  

SciTech Connect

On July 1, 1984 the Bonneville Power Administration and the Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife entered into an agreement to initiate fish habitat enhancement work in the Joseph Creek subbasin of the Grande Ronde River Basin in northeast Oregon. In July of 1985 the Upper and Middle Grande Ronde River, and Catherine Creek subbasins were included in the intergovernmental contract, and on March 1, 1996 the Wallowa River subbasin was added. The primary goal of 'The Grande Ronde Basin Fish Habitat Enhancement Project' is to create, protect, and restore riparian and instream habitat for anadromous salmonids, thereby maximizing opportunities for natural fish production within the basin. This project provided for implementation of Program Measure 703 (C)(1), Action Item 4.2 of the Northwest Power Planning Council's Columbia River Basin Fish and Wildlife Program (NPPC, 1987), and continues to be implemented as offsite mitigation for mainstem fishery losses caused by the Columbia River hydro-electric system. All work conducted by the Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife is on private lands and therefore requires that considerable time be spent developing rapport with landowners to gain acceptance of, and continued cooperation with this program throughout 10-15 year lease periods. This project calls for passive regeneration of habitat, using riparian exclosure fencing as the primary method to restore degraded streams to a normative condition. Active remediation techniques using plantings, off-site water developments, site-specific instream structures, or whole channel alterations are also utilized where applicable. Individual projects contribute to and complement ecosystem and basin-wide watershed restoration efforts that are underway by state, federal, and tribal agencies, and local watershed councils. Work undertaken during 2002 included: (1) Implementing 1 new fencing project in the Wallowa subbasin that will protect an additional 0.95 miles of stream and 22.9 acres of habitat; (2) Conducting instream work activities in 3 streams to enhance habitat and/or restore natural channel dimensions, patterns or profiles; (3) Planting 31,733 plants along 3.7 stream miles, (4) Establishing 71 new photopoints and retaking 254 existing photopoint pictures; (5) Monitoring stream temperatures at 12 locations on 6 streams; (6) Completing riparian fence, water gap and other maintenance on 100.5 miles of project fences. Since initiation of the project in 1984 over 68.7 miles of anadromous fish bearing streams and 1,933 acres of habitat have been protected, enhanced and maintained.

McGowan, Vance

2003-08-01

81

Yakima Tributary Access and Habitat Program, 2002-2003 Annual Report.  

SciTech Connect

The Yakima Tributary Access and Habitat Program (YTAHP) was organized to restore salmonid passage to Yakima tributaries that historically supported salmonids and to improve habitat in areas where access is restored. This program intends to (a) screen unscreened diversion structures to prevent fish entrainment into artificial waterways; (b) provide for fish passage at man-made barriers, such as diversion dams, culverts, siphons and bridges; and (c) provide information and assistance to landowners interested in to contributing to the improvement of water quality, water reliability and stream habitat. The YTAHP developed from a number of groups actively engaged in watershed management, and/or habitat restoration within the Yakima River Basin. These groups include the Washington State Fish and Wildlife (WDFW), Kittitas County Conservation District (KCCD), North Yakima Conservation District (NYCD), Kittitas County Water Purveyors (KCWP), and Ahtanum Irrigation District (AID). The US Bureau of Reclamation (Reclamation) and Yakama Nation (YN) both participated in the development of the objectives of YTAHP. Other entities that will be involved during permitting or project review may include the YN, the federal Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS), the US Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS), the National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS), and US Army Corps of Engineers (COE). The objectives of YTAHP are listed below and also include subtasks detailed in the report: (1) Conduct Early Action Projects; (2) Review Strategic Plan; (3) Restore Access, including stream inventory, prioritization, implementation; and (4) Provide opportunities to improve habitat and conserve resources. The BPA YTAHP funding supported activities of the program which are described in this report. These activities are primarily related to objective 1 (conduct early action projects) and parts of objectives 2-4. The work supported by YTAHP funding will support a series of scheduled projects and be made larger by complementary funding through NRSC EQIP, Irrigation Efficiencies, WA State Salmon Recovery Funding Board and other local, state and federal programs. Projects completed FY-03: The Cooke Creek siphon and screen/bypass was completed on time and within budget. The Rosbach Farms project was completed in cooperation with the NRCS Environmental Quality Incentives Program and the KCCD's Irrigation Efficiencies Program. Tributary survey teams were trained and surveys of tributaries in Yakima and Kittitas counties commenced in December of 2002. By the end of September 2003 Cowiche Creek in Yakima County was completed as well as Coleman, Reecer, Currier, Dry, Cabin, Indian, and Jack Creeks in Kittitas County. A screen was installed on the Hernandez/Ringer diversion in cooperation with the NRCS office in Kittitas County. YTAHP submitted six applications to the Salmon Recovery Funding Board and three were selected and funded. Another Salmon Recovery Funding Board project awarded in 2000 to the Yakama Nation was transferred to the KCCD. Two miles of fencing of riparian zones on the north fork Ahtanum was completed by the North Yakima Conservation District in cooperation with the Department of Natural Resources and the Ahtanum Irrigation District and funded by US fish and Wildlife as part of YTAHP's outreach partnering. Completion of this year's effort has provided significant inroads to working on the private lands in two counties which will be vital to future efforts by YTAHP and others to protect and enhance Yakima River Basin habitat. 2003 saw the migration of the WEB site from MWH to the Kittitas County Conservation District and can be accessed at www.kccd.net.

Myra, D.; Ready, C.

2003-12-01

82

Lake Roosevelt Rainbow Trout Habitat/Passage Improvement Project, Annual Report 2002-2003.  

SciTech Connect

The construction of Chief Joseph and Grand Coulee Dams completely and irrevocably blocked anadromous fish migrations to the Upper Columbia River. Historically this area hosted vast numbers of salmon returning to their natal waters to reproduce and die. For the native peoples of the region, salmon and steelhead were a principle food source, providing physical nourishment and spiritual sustenance, and contributing to the religious practices and the cultural basis of tribal communities. The decaying remains of spawned-out salmon carcasses contributed untold amounts of nutrients into the aquatic, aerial, and terrestrial ecosystems of tributary habitats in the upper basin. Near the present site of Kettle Falls, Washington, the second largest Indian fishery in the state existed for thousands of years. Returning salmon were caught in nets and baskets or speared on their migration to the headwater of the Columbia River in British Columbia. Catch estimates at Kettle Falls range from 600,000 in 1940 to two (2) million around the turn of the century (UCUT, Report No.2). The loss of anadromous fish limited the opportunities for fisheries management and enhancement exclusively to those actions addressed to resident fish. The Lake Roosevelt Rainbow Trout Habitat/Passage Improvement Project is a mitigation project intended to enhance resident fish populations and to partially mitigate for anadromous fish losses caused by hydropower system impacts. This substitution of resident fish for anadromous fish losses is considered in-place and out-of-kind mitigation. Upstream migration and passage barriers limit the amount of spawning and rearing habitat that might otherwise be utilized by rainbow trout. The results of even limited stream surveys and habitat inventories indicated that a potential for increased natural production exists. However, the lack of any comprehensive enhancement measures prompted the Upper Columbia United Tribes Fisheries Center (UCUT), Colville Confederated Tribes (CCT), Spokane Tribe of Indians (STI) and Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife (WDFW) to develop and propose a comprehensive fishery management plan for Lake Roosevelt. The Rainbow Trout Habitat/Passage Improvement Project (LRHIP) was designed with goals directed towards increasing natural production while maintaining genetic integrity among current tributary stocks. The initial phase of the Lake Roosevelt Habitat Improvement Project (Phase I, baseline data collection: 1990-91) was focused on the assessment of limiting factors, including the quality and quantity of available spawning gravel, identification of passage barriers, and assessment of other constraints. After the initial assessment of stream parameters, five streams meeting specific criteria were selected for habitat/passage improvement projects (Phase II, implementation -1992-1995). Four of these projects were on the Colville Indian Reservation South Nanamkin, North Nanamkin, Louie and Iron Creeks and one Blue Creek was on the Spokane Indian Reservation. At the completion of project habitat improvements, the final phase (Phase III, monitoring-1996-2000) began. This phase assessed the changes and determined the success achieved through the improvements. Data analysis showed that passage improvements are successful for increasing habitat availability and use. The results of in-stream habitat improvements were inconclusive. Project streams, to the last monitoring date, have shown increases in fish density following implementation of the improvements. In 2000 Bridge Creek, on the Colville Reservation was selected for the next phase of improvements. Data collection, including baseline stream survey and population data collection, was carried out during 2001 in preparation for the design and implementation of stream habitat/passage improvements. Agencies cooperating on the project include the Colville Confederated Tribes (CCT), Natural Resource Conservation Service (NRCS, Ferry County District), Ferry County Conservation District, and Ferry County. The Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) provided

Sears, Sheryl

2004-01-01

83

The School Year that Changed a Nation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

On September 4, 1957, 16-year-old Minnijean Brown headed off to her new school, Central High in Little Rock, Ark. She and eight other black youths were slated to become the first African Americans to attend all-white Central High. When they arrived that morning, the "Little Rock Nine," as they would become known, were greeted, not by teachers or…

Teaching Tolerance, 2007

2007-01-01

84

Is Year-Round Schooling on Track?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For administrators, teachers, students and their families in some districts, summer isn't what it used to be. Trying to stem a "summer slide" of learning loss by students and also to avoid having to build more schools to cope with overcrowding, districts are operating on year-round schedules that shorten the traditional summer vacation while…

Dessoff, Alan

2011-01-01

85

The Business Schools: 50 Years on  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: This paper aims to offer a critique of the development of university business schools over the last 50 years and provide a perspective on the occasion of the 50th anniversary of the publication of the journal Education + Training. Design/methodology/approach: The approach is critical and reflexive, reviewing the historical growth of…

Clarke, Thomas

2008-01-01

86

Understanding Environmental Literacy in America and Making It a Reality: Three-Year Report 2002/2003/2004  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research by the National Environmental Education & Training Foundation (NEETF) and Roper Public Affairs at NOP World tells that the average 12th grader (and by extension, the average adult) still falls far short of what would be considered "environmentally literate" by anyone's definition. Seemingly elementary questions elude most of the public:…

National Environmental Education & Training Foundation, 2005

2005-01-01

87

Adult Education and Family Literacy Act. Report to Congress on State Performance. Program Year 2002-2003  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The state-administered grant program authorized under the Adult Education and Family Literacy Act (AEFLA), enacted as Title II of the Workforce Investment Act (WIA) of 1998, is the major source of federal support for adult basic and literacy education programs. The purpose of the grant is to provide educational opportunities to adults sixteen and…

Office of Vocational and Adult Education, US Department of Education, 2004

2004-01-01

88

Vermont Public School Dropout and High School Completion Report for the 2010-2011 School Year  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The annual event dropout rate describes the proportion of students who leave school each year without completing a high school program. The event dropout rates for the school year 2010-2011 of 1.77% for grades 7 through 12th and 2.55% for grades 9 through 12th are consistent with the dropout rates for the past four years. The event completion rate…

Vermont Department of Education, 2012

2012-01-01

89

Vermont Public School Dropout and High School Completion Report for the 2009-2010 School Year  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The annual event dropout rate describes the proportion of students who leave school each year without completing a high school program. The event dropout rates for the school year 2009-2010 of 1.89% for grades 7 through 12th and 2.69% for grades 9 through 12th are consistent with the dropout rates for the past four years. The event completion rate…

Vermont Department of Education, 2011

2011-01-01

90

NCLENotes, 2002-2003.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

These two volumes of a newsletter on English as A Second Language (ESL) literacy education provide articles on: "Health Literacy: Recognizing its Importance in ESL Instruction" (Kate Singleton) and "English That Works" (Brigitte Marshall). Both volumes offer interviews (one with an ESL teacher and one with an author who write about ESL issues).…

Burt, Miriam, Ed.

2003-01-01

91

Montana School Fall Enrollment by Race/Ethnicity, 2003-04 School Year  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report discusses school fall Enrollment of Montana based on race/ethnicity for the 2003-2004 school year. Sections include: (1) Montana School Fall Enrollment by Race/Ethnicity Overview; and (2) Montana School Fall Enrollment by Race/Ethnicity-2003-04 School Year. Fall enrollment data are collected by school, grade, gender, and race/ethnicity…

McCulloch, Linda

2004-01-01

92

Redistribution of static stress, induced by the 2002-2003 Etna eruption, triggers seismic activity: a viscoelastic numerical model  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The principal aim of this study is the investigation of the relationship between the push of the dike-forming magmatic intrusions and the faulting process in terms of earthquakes generation. A complete time-dependent 3D finite element model for the 2002-2003 eruption at Mount Etna is presented. The model, which takes into account the topography, medium heterogeneities and principal fault systems, is developed in a viscoelastic environment by a generalized Maxwell rheological description. To investigate where fault slips were encouraged or not and consequently how earthquakes may have been triggered, we look at the Coulomb stress changes induced by the magma uprising, during the co-intrusive and post-intrusive periods, focusing on the area of Pernicana Fault and S. Venerina Fault, which have been reactivated during the studied eruption. The temporal variation of the Coulomb stress changes allows to know the time of maximum stress transfer and then to infer the areas where there is an higher probability of earthquake occurrence. Results show positive stress changes for Pernicana Fault in accordance to the time, location and depth of the 27th October 2002 Pernicana earthquakes (Mmax = 3.8). Moreover, the amount of Coulomb stress changes on S. Venerina Fault, as induced by dike-forming intrusions, is not enough to trigger the 29th October Santa Venerina earthquakes (Mmax = 4.4), two days after the start of the eruption. The necessary Coulomb stress changes value to trigger the 29th S. Venerina Fault earthquakes is instead reached if we consider them as aftershocks of the 27th October Pernicana biggest earthquake. Acknowledgments This work was supported by MED-SUV Project.

Pulvirenti, Fabio; Aloisi, Marco

2014-05-01

93

Dropout and Migration Statistics: District of Columbia Public Schools. School Year 1992-93.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The annual dropout and migration statistics report of the District of Columbia public schools reflects the guidelines, definitions, and tracking procedures of the District schools. School year 1992-93 was the fourth year of implementation of this project in the D.C. public schools. In school year 1992-93 the total number of dropouts was 2,499,…

District of Columbia Public Schools, Washington, DC. Research Branch.

94

Francis Howell School District: Lessons About Change from Year-Round Schooling's Best Kept Secret.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Uses multiple-voices methodology to describe lessons learned during implementation of year-round school calendar at the Francis Howell School District, the first and longest running year-round school in North America. (Contains 25 references.) (PKP)

Shields, Carolyn; Oberg, Steven

2000-01-01

95

Ten Years at Emmett High School.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Explains the benefits of dome construction for educational facilities as experienced by students and teachers at one school in Emmett, Idaho. Offers tips on what school administrators and architects can do to build their own dome school. (GR)

Nau, Jim

1997-01-01

96

25 CFR 39.207 - How does OIEP determine a school's funding for the school year?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-04-01 false How does OIEP determine a school's funding for the school year? 39.207 Section 39.207 Indians...DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR EDUCATION THE INDIAN SCHOOL EQUALIZATION PROGRAM Administrative...

2011-04-01

97

Monitoring the Migrations of Wild Snake River Spring/Summer Chinook Salmon Smolts, 2002-2003 Annual Report.  

SciTech Connect

Prior to 1992, decisions on dam operations and use of stored water relied on recoveries of branded hatchery fish, index counts at traps and dams, and flow patterns at the dams. The advent of PIT-tag technology provided the opportunity to precisely track the smolt migrations of many wild stocks as they pass through the hydroelectric complex and other monitoring sites on their way to the ocean. With the availability of the PIT tag, a more complete approach to these decisions was undertaken starting in 1992 with the addition of PIT-tag detections of several wild spring and summer chinook salmon stocks at Lower Granite Dam. Using data from these detections, we initiated development of a database on wild fish, addressing several goals of the Columbia River Basin Fish and Wildlife Program of the Pacific Northwest Electric Power Planning Council and Conservation Act (NPPC 1980). Section 304(d) of the program states, ''The monitoring program will provide information on the migrational characteristics of the various stocks of salmon and steelhead within the Columbia Basin.'' Further, Section 201(b) urges conservation of genetic diversity, which will be possible only if wild stocks are preserved. Section 5.9A.1 of the 1994 Fish and Wildlife Program states that field monitoring of smolt movement will be used to determine the best timing for water storage releases and Section 5.8A.8 states that continued research is needed on survival of juvenile wild fish before they reach the first dam with special attention to water quantity, quality, and several other factors. The goals of this ongoing study are as follows (1) Characterize the migration timing and estimate parr-to-smolt survival of different stocks of wild Snake River spring/summer chinook salmon smolts at Lower Granite Dam. (2) Determine whether consistent migration patterns are apparent. (3) Determine what environmental factors influence these patterns. (4) Characterize the migrational behavior and estimate survival of different wild juvenile fish stocks as they emigrate from their natal rearing areas. This study provides critical information for recovery planning, and ultimately recovery for these ESA-listed wild fish stocks. This report provides information on PIT tagging of wild chinook salmon parr in 2002 and the subsequent monitoring of these fish. Fish were monitored as they migrated through two in-stream PIT-tag monitoring systems in lower Valley Creek and at juvenile migrant traps in 2002 and 2003 as well as through interrogation systems at Lower Granite, Little Goose, Lower Monumental, McNary, John Day, and Bonneville Dams during 2003. Fish were also monitored by the PIT-tag trawl in the mouth of the Columbia River in 2003. In 2002-2003, we also continued to collect environmental data for the Baseline Environmental Monitoring Program, which was developed from 1993 to 1997. The project was designed to collect data for use in conjunction with data on parr and smolt movements to discern patterns or characteristic relationships between these movements and environmental factors. Water quality data collected consist of water temperature, dissolved oxygen, specific conductance, turbidity, water depth, and pH measured at five monitoring stations in the Salmon River Basin, Idaho.

Achord, Stephen; McNatt, Regan A.; Hockersmith, Eric E. (National Marine Fisheries Service, Northwest Fisheries Science Center, Fish Ecology Division, Seattle, WA)

2004-04-01

98

School Transition from Year 6 to Year 7: A Focus on Mathematics  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Moving from primary school (Year 6) to the next stage in schooling (Year 7 intermediate or middle school) can provide challenges for students, teachers, and parents. A study was carried out to investigate these challenges with a focus on mathematics for 65 students from six different urban primary schools in New Zealand. Qualitative data were…

Bicknell, Brenda; Hunter, Roberta

2012-01-01

99

Accountability Policy for North Carolina's Alternative Schools, Year One Results.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The accountability program of North Carolina's 67 alternative schools was studied after its first year of implementation. North Carolina State Board of Education adopted a policy requiring alternative schools to participate in its ABCs Accountability Program during the 1999-2000 school year. The ABCs program is based on Accountability, Basics, and…

Brewer, Dee; Feifs, Helmuts; Kaase, Kris

100

Overview of Public Elementary and Secondary Schools and Districts: School Year 1997-98  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Released by the National Center for Education Statistics, this report presents overview data on the 87,631 elementary and secondary public schools in the US who provided instruction to 46.1 million students during the 1997-98 school year. The thirteen-page report provides statistical information on school districts, public schools, and students in K-12 public schools. Included are seven detailed data tables that profile the total number of students in public schools and in public school districts, the distribution of schools and students by instructional level and urbanicity, the rate of high school dropouts, and several other student characteristics.

1999-01-01

101

School-Wide Behavioral Support: Starting the Year Off Right  

Microsoft Academic Search

Two years of office referral data are presented in evaluation of a school-wide behavioral support program designed to define, teach, and reward appropriate student behavior in a rural middle school (grades 6, 7, and 8). During 1994-95, the school had 530 students and recorded 2,628 office referrals. The 1995-96 school year began with a full day in which students were

Susan Taylor-Greene; Doris Brown; Larry Nelson; Julie Longton; Terri Gassman; Joe Cohen; Joan Swartz; Robert H. Horner; George Sugai; Susannah Hall

1997-01-01

102

A Parent's Guide to Achievement Matters Most: Maryland's Plan for PreK-12 Education, 2002-2003. (Korean).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To raise the achievement of every student in the state, Maryland implemented "Achievement Matters Most," a new plan for public elementary and secondary schools that sets goals in the areas of achievement, teaching, testing, safety, and family involvement in schools. This Korean-language guide for parents outlines the goals and characteristics of…

Maryland State Dept. of Education, Baltimore.

103

A Parent's Guide to Achievement Matters Most: Maryland's Plan for PreK-12 Education, 2002-2003. (Chinese)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To raise the achievement of every student in the state, Maryland implemented "Achievement Matters Most," a new plan for public elementary and secondary schools that sets goals in the areas of achievement, teaching, testing, safety, and family involvement in schools. This Chinese-language guide for parents outlines the goals and characteristics of…

Maryland State Dept. of Education, Baltimore.

104

A Parent's Guide to Achievement Matters Most: Maryland's Plan for PreK-12 Education, 2002-2003. (Arabic)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To raise the achievement of every student in the state, Maryland implemented "Achievement Matters Most," a new plan for public elementary and secondary schools that sets goals in the areas of achievement, teaching, testing, safety, and family involvement in schools. This Arabic-language guide for parents outlines the goals and characteristics of…

Maryland State Dept. of Education, Baltimore.

105

A Parent's Guide to Achievement Matters Most: Maryland's Plan for PreK-12 Education, 2002-2003.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To raise the achievement of every student in the state, Maryland implemented "Achievement Matters Most," a new plan for public elementary and secondary schools that sets goals in the areas of achievement, teaching, testing, safety, and family involvement in schools. This guide for parents outlines the goals and characteristics of the initiative,…

Maryland State Dept. of Education, Baltimore.

106

A Parent's Guide to Achievement Matters Most: Maryland's Plan for PreK-12 Education, 2002-2003. (Gujarati).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To raise the achievement of every student in the state, Maryland implemented "Achievement Matters Most," a new plan for public elementary and secondary schools that sets goals in the areas of achievement, teaching, testing, safety, and family involvement in schools. This Gujarati-language guide for parents outlines the goals and characteristics of…

Maryland State Dept. of Education, Baltimore.

107

A Parent's Guide to Achievement Matters Most: Maryland's Plan for PreK-12 Education, 2002-2003. (Russian).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To raise the achievement of every student in the state, Maryland implemented "Achievement Matters Most," a new plan for public elementary and secondary schools that sets goals in the areas of achievement, teaching, testing, safety, and family involvement in schools. This Russian-language guide for parents outlines the goals and characteristics of…

Maryland State Dept. of Education, Baltimore.

108

Trends in Antifungal Drug Susceptibility of Cryptococcus neoformans Isolates Obtained through Population-Based Surveillance in South Africa in 2002-2003 and 2007-2008?  

PubMed Central

Cryptococcus neoformans is the most common cause of meningitis among adult South Africans with HIV infection/AIDS. Widespread use of fluconazole for treatment of cryptococcal meningitis and other HIV-associated opportunistic fungal infections in South Africa may lead to the emergence of isolates with reduced fluconazole susceptibility. MIC testing using a reference broth microdilution method was used to determine if isolates with reduced susceptibility to fluconazole or amphotericin B had emerged among cases of incident disease. Incident isolates were tested from two surveillance periods (2002-2003 and 2007-2008) when population-based surveillance was conducted in Gauteng Province, South Africa. These isolates were also tested for susceptibility to flucytosine, itraconazole, voriconazole, and posaconazole. Serially collected isolate pairs from cases at several large South African hospitals were also tested for susceptibility to fluconazole. Of the 487 incident isolates tested, only 3 (0.6%) demonstrated a fluconazole MIC of ?16 ?g/ml; all of these isolates were from 2002-2003. All incident isolates were inhibited by very low concentrations of amphotericin B and exhibited very low MICs to voriconazole and posaconazole. Of 67 cases with serially collected isolate pairs, only 1 case was detected where the isolate collected more than 30 days later had a fluconazole MIC value significantly higher than the MIC of the corresponding incident isolate. Although routine antifungal susceptibility testing of incident isolates is not currently recommended in clinical settings, it is still clearly important for public health to periodically monitor for the emergence of resistance.

Govender, Nelesh P.; Patel, Jaymati; van Wyk, Marelize; Chiller, Tom M.; Lockhart, Shawn R.

2011-01-01

109

[Brazilian family spending on medicines: an analysis of data from the Family Budget Surveys, 2002-2003 and 2008-2009].  

PubMed

This study aimed to investigate spending on medicines by Brazilian families and related income inequalities, according to types of medicines. A cross-sectional study used data from the Family Budget Surveys conducted in 2002-2003 and 2008-2009. Expenditures were corrected according to the Extended National Consumer Price Index (IPCA). The Concentration Index (CI) was calculated as a measure of inequality. Average monthly spending on medicines was BRL 53.54 in the 2002-2003 survey and BRL 59.02 in 2008-2009. CI showed spending concentration in higher-income families. Spending composition varied according to family income. Lower-income families spent predominantly on analgesics, cold medicines, and anti-inflammatory drugs. Higher-income families concentrated their spending on medicines for diabetes and hypertension (and other cardiovascular diseases). From one survey to the next, even though lower-income households reduced the percentage of their budget spent on medicines, the latter still consume a large proportion of their health spending. PMID:24005926

Garcia, Leila Posenato; Sant'Anna, Ana Cláudia; Magalhães, Luís Carlos Garcia de; Freitas, Lúcia Rolim Santana de; Aurea, Adriana Pacheco

2013-08-01

110

Local School Council Governance: The Third Year of Chicago School Reform.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report proposes a new framework for understanding the different governance approaches taken by Local School Councils (LSCs) throughout the Chicago Public Schools, based on data collected during the 1991-92 school year. Meeting supervisors covered 155 council meetings at 14 randomly selected, representative schools, and interviewed principals,…

Easton, John Q.; And Others

111

The State of Charter Schools, 2000. National Study of Charter Schools. Fourth-Year Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report by the National Study of Charter Schools provides descriptive information on charter schools that were operating in the 1998-99 school year. The document addresses three major questions: "How have charter schools been implemented?""Under what conditions, if any, have they improved student achievement?" and "What impact have they had on…

Nelson, Beryl; Berman, Paul; Ericson, John; Kamprath, Nancy; Perry, Rebecca; Silverman, Debi; Solomon, Debra

112

The School Year and Vacations: When Do Students Learn?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A detailed analysis was made of 600,000 New York City school children in grades 2 through 6 to ascertain the effects of nonschool periods (vacations) on reading and word knowledge. The Metropolitan Achievement Test was administered to the children in September and April of 2 school years, 1965-1966 and 1966-1967. The schools involved were divided…

Hayes, Donald P.; Grether, Judith

113

Children's Experiences of the First Year of Primary School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes a study with first grade children and their views on the primary school curriculum, as well as their influence on decision-making in school. The study was conducted with 20 six- and seven-year-old children in one primary school in Reykjavik, Iceland. The data gathered includes varied research methods such as group…

Einarsdottir, Johanna

2010-01-01

114

Factors Influencing Year 9 Students' Intentions to Leave School.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study was conducted in Victoria, Australia, to examine the factors that influence Year 9 students' intentions to leave secondary school. Discriminant function analysis was used to determine the effects of family background variables, school characteristics, significant others, personal assessments, and attitudes on school-leaving intentions of…

Schrom, Linda K.

115

Analysis of Verification Summary Data School Year 2008-2009  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report summarizes the results of the school year (SY) 2008-2009 review of applications approved for free or reduced-price benefits under the National School Lunch Program and School Breakfast Program. Local Educational Agencies (LEAs) selected nearly 279,000 applications for verification review from among 8.6 million applications approved for…

Ranalli, Dennis; Harper, Edward; Hirschman, Jay

2011-01-01

116

School-Level Irt Assessment of Year-to-Year Performance Changes  

Microsoft Academic Search

Year-to-year changes in average writing performance for a sample of 188 schools were estimated with a group-level version of the generalized partial credit IRT model. School-level IRT-based equating adjustments were required to provide a stable scale over the 2 years and to estimate year-to-year changes in average performance for the sample of schools. The results illustrated that technical equating adjustments

Richard Tate; Mark Heidorn

1999-01-01

117

40 Years of Excellence in School Psychology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The National Association of School Psychologists (NASP) is celebrating its 40th anniversary and the 20th anniversary of the Nationally Certified School Psychologist (NCSP) credential. NASP was founded on March 15, 1969 during a national planning conference in St. Louis. In this article, the author provides a brief overview of the NASP.

Cowan, Katherine C.

2008-01-01

118

My Year as a High School Student  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

When high school physics teacher Deborah Waldron needed to pump up her knowledge of biology for National Board Certification, she enrolled in 9th grade Intensified Biology at her school. Waldron shares her observations of what she learned: from the inevitability of starting long-term projects late at night to the realization of how tempting…

Waldron, Deborah

2006-01-01

119

Year-Round Schooling: A School for All Seasons at the Secondary Level.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Outcomes of a four-quarter extended school year plan implemented in a Buena Vista City, Virginia, high school in 1973 are described in this paper. (The school year was divided into three 60-day quarters; each quarter is an independent unit. The tuition-free fourth or summer quarter is voluntary.) The approval process, program objectives,…

Bradford, James C., Jr.

120

Dropout and Migration Statistics: District of Columbia Public Schools. School Year 1991-92.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The annual dropout and migration statistics report of the District of Columbia public schools reflects the guidelines, definitions, and tracking procedures of the District schools. School year 1991-92 was the third year of implementation of the present dropout-accounting system. The report contains dropout and migration statistics for student…

District of Columbia Public Schools, Washington, DC. Research Branch.

121

Who is becoming overweight during the elementary school years?  

Microsoft Academic Search

OBJECTIVE: To determine the risk of becoming overweight for every first grader during the elementary school years and to determine whether the overall risk of becoming overweight for first graders is increasing.STUDY DESIGN: A descriptive study using school-based surveys of 12 588 boys and 12 264 girls who entered elementary school between 1989 and 1994. Six years later, the follow-up

M Yoshinaga; C Koriyama; A Shimago; K Miyata; J Hashiguchi; M Imamura

2002-01-01

122

When Must a School District Provide an Extended School Year Program to Students with Disabilities?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

If extended school year (ESY) programming is required in order for the student with disabilities to receive an appropriate education, school districts must make the necessary provisions. Reviews court decisions. (31 footnotes) (MLF)

Osborne, Allan G., Jr.

1995-01-01

123

High School Biology: The Early Years.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the emergence of the biology curriculum which replaced physiology, zoology, and botany in high school science courses and supplanted an early form of general science known as natural history. (RT)

Rosenthal, Dorothy B.; Bybee, Rodger W.

1988-01-01

124

International High School: Six Years New.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes New York City's International High School, in which all students are limited English proficient, focusing on faculty language resources, cooperative education, interdisciplinary presentation of English as a Second Language, and shared faculty and staff leadership. (CB)

Bush, Terrill H.

1992-01-01

125

78 FR 55121 - Submission for Review: Self-Certification of Full-Time School Attendance for the School Year, RI...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Review: Self-Certification of Full-Time School Attendance for the School Year...Completing the Self-Certification of Full-Time School Attendance for the School Year...3206-0032, Self-Certification of Full-Time School Attendance For The School...

2013-09-09

126

Effectiveness of school-based violence prevention for children and youth: a research report.  

PubMed

Aggression, bullying and violence in children and youth are prevalent in Canada (18%) and internationally. The authors evaluated the effectiveness of Roots of Empathy (ROE), a school-based mental health promotion and violence prevention program for children that has been widely implemented but rarely evaluated. Eight school divisions were randomly assigned to either a treatment group that received ROE in 2002-2003 (445 students) or a wait-list control group (315 students). These were compared on three child mental health outcomes (physical aggression, indirect aggression and pro-social behaviour), rated by teachers and students (self-rated). The three wait-list school divisions received ROE in 2003-2004 (new cohort of 265 students) and were compared with the control group from 2002-2003 on the three outcomes, for replication purposes. For both comparisons, the authors report multi-level modelling analyses regarding (1) immediate effects after ROE completion at the end of the school year (pretest to post-test) and (2) long-term ROE effects up to three years after post-test. ROE had replicated, beneficial effects on all teacher-rated outcomes, which were generally maintained or further improved across follow-up. However, ROE had almost no statistically significant or replicated effects on student-rated outcomes. This is the first evaluation to suggest that ROE appears effective when implemented on a large scale under real-world delivery conditions. PMID:24956430

Santos, Robert G; Chartier, Mariette J; Whalen, Jeanne C; Chateau, Dan; Boyd, Leanne

2011-04-01

127

95 Years of Teaching High School Sociology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A neglected part of the history of teaching sociology is the history of teaching high school sociology. The American Sociological Association's centennial in 2005 affords sociologists an opportunity to reflect on the teaching of sociology--anywhere and everywhere that it happens. In the spirit of contributing to the history of teaching sociology…

DeCesare, Michael

2005-01-01

128

Local School Council Meetings during the First Year of Chicago School Reform.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study analyzes local school council (LSC) meetings in Chicago (Illinois) during their first year of operation. The Chicago School Reform Act of 1988 created a radical shift in authority from the central bureaucracy to the LSCs, empowering the LSCs to set educational policy and govern schools. The councils hire and evaluate the principal,…

Easton, John Q.; And Others

129

Dropout and Migration Statistics: District of Columbia Public Schools, School Year 1990-91.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report presents statistics from the second year (1990-91) of the District of Columbia Public Schools' (DCPS) implementation of procedures to identify and track student dropouts. Other school "leaver" data was also collected. The primary data presented in this report focuses on secondary school dropouts (grades 7-12). However, cursory data is…

Tuck, Kathy D.

130

Dropout and Migration Statistics. District of Columbia Public Schools. School Year 1993-94.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report describes a cohort of secondary school students, from grades 7 through 12, who were enrolled in District of Columbia Public Schools in October 1993, but who did not return by the official membership count of the following school year. This group included dropouts, transfers, court-ordered withdrawals, deaths, and serious illnesses. The…

Negero, Arega

131

Preparing for the Flu During the 2009-10 School Year: Questions and Answers for Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This brochure provides answers to the following questions: (1) Why do school districts, schools, teachers, parents, and communities need to plan for the continuation of learning for students during flu season this year? (2) How should districts and schools go about planning to continue students' education when they are at home because of H1N1?…

US Department of Education, 2009

2009-01-01

132

High School Transfer Students and the Transition to College: Timing and the Structure of the School Year  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The timing of a high school transfer may shape students' transitions to college through its (mis)alignment with the structure of the school year. A transfer that occurs during the summer interrupts the four-year high school career, whereas a transfer that occurs midyear disrupts both the four-year high school career and the structure of the school

Sutton, April; Muller, Chandra; Langenkamp, Amy G.

2013-01-01

133

Implementing and Supporting Earth Science Curriculum Reform in Secondary Schools  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The American Geological Institute has been actively involved in developing earth science curricula for more thanm 40 years through programs like Earth Science Sourcebook and the Earth Science Curriculum Project. Recently, the AGI was funded by the National Science Foundation to develop curriculum for secondary school (grades 6-12) that would address the Earth science and inquiry content standards of the National Science Education Standards. The EarthComm (high school) and Investigating Earth Systems (middle school) curriculum programs were developed through funding from the National Science Foundation and corporate sponsors of the AGI Foundation, and published for the 2002-2003 schol year. The AGI is now actively involved in developing and refining systems for supporting the professional development of teachers who implement EarthComm and Investigating Earth Systems. The paper presentation will outline how AGI is supporting teachers through a combination of web-based programs, teacher workshops, and DVD and video materials.

Smith, M. J.

2003-12-01

134

78 FR 50114 - Distribution of 1999, 2000, 2001, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008, and 2009 Satellite...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...2005, 2006, 2007, 2008, and 2009 Satellite Royalty Funds AGENCY: Copyright Royalty...distribution of royalties deposited by satellite carriers for a statutory license to retransmit...Background Twice each calendar year, satellite carriers must deposit royalty...

2013-08-16

135

Implementing Year-Round School--Monroe Style.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Planning for conversion to a year-round school in James Monroe School, Madera, California, began in 1984 as educators and community faced the fact that continued enrollment increases had reached a critical point. This report describes program development and implementation; an appendix with program worksheets comprises over one-half of the…

Cruz, John

136

Districts Face Painful Cuts as School Year Begins  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As students around the country begin the 2011-2012 school year, many of them will be returning to districts that have been forced to restructure their operations in the face of budget cuts. Leaders of those school systems have sought to avoid cuts that they believe would weaken instruction. But they also believe the reductions will put a strain on…

Cavanagh, Sean

2011-01-01

137

Concept Six Year-Round School Plan. A Simulation Notebook.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Concept 6, a new program designed to cope with burgeoning enrollments and a shortage of classroom space in Jefferson County, Colorado, keeps school buildings in use 250 days and divides the school year into six terms of instruction. Individual students attend classes four terms and choose their vacations during the other two. An option for a fifth…

White, William

138

Diploma Examinations Program, 1997-98 School Year. Annual Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This annual report combines the November, January, April, June, and August provincial results in diploma examination courses in Alberta, Canada. The graphs, tables, and text describe student performance for the entire school year. The report is designed to assist school personnel in identifying patterns of student achievement in Alberta and…

Alberta Dept. of Education, Edmonton. Student Evaluation Branch.

139

Report Card to the Public: 2005-2006 School Year  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This "Report Card to the Public, a Summary of Statistics from Alaska's Public Schools," is published in accordance with Alaska Statute 14.03.120 for the school year 2005-2006. This publication reports the status of public education in Alaska. It is a source of information for Alaska's educational policymakers, including legislators, the Governor,…

Alaska Department of Education & Early Development, 2006

2006-01-01

140

Report Card to the Public: 2006-2007 School Year  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This "Report Card to the Public, a Summary of Statistics from Alaska's Schools," is published in accordance with Alaska Statute 14.03.120 for the school year 2006-2007. This publication reports the status of public education in Alaska. It is a source of information for Alaska's educational policymakers, including legislators, the Governor, the…

Alaska Department of Education & Early Development, 2007

2007-01-01

141

My Experience as NASN School Nurse of the Year  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article shares the author's experience as the National Association of School Nurses (NASN) School Nurse of the Year. Recognition by one's peers for excellence in the profession is indeed an honor and a humbling experience. She states that it was a wonderful opportunity to reconnect with many NASN friends. Special recognition and awards from…

Reilly, Dorothy J.

2004-01-01

142

Supportive Services Program; School Year 1975-1976.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document presents a description and evaluation of the Supportive Services Program in New York City for the 1975-76 school year. It was designed to reinforce the cognitive growth of disadvantaged high school students who were referred from one of three Title I programs: Skills Remediation in Reading; Remedial Mathematics; and Native Language…

Doyle, Robert E.

143

John Adams High School First Year Report, 1969-1970.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report is an assessment of the events of the first year of operation of John Adams High School, Portland, Oregon. The primary goal of the school was to provide an educational experience relevant to the needs and interests of all adolescents, regardless of their intentions about pursuing further formal education. The report is oriented toward…

Adams High School, Portland, OR.

144

ASBESTOS CONCENTRATIONS IN TWO YEARS AFTER ABATEMENT IN SEVENTEEN SCHOOLS  

EPA Science Inventory

Airborne asbestos concentrations were measured at 17 schools that underwent an asbestos abatement 2 years before in 1988. hese 17 schools, which involved 20 abatement sites, were part of a study conducted by the U.S Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and the New Jersey Departm...

145

ASBESTOS CONCENTRATIONS TWO YEARS AFTER ABATEMENT IN SEVENTEEN SCHOOLS  

EPA Science Inventory

Airborne asbestos concentrations were measured at 17 schools that underwent an asbestos abatement 2 years before in 1988. These 17 schools, which involved 20 abatement sites, were part of a study conducted by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and the New Jersey Depar...

146

Rescheduled School Year Plans. ERIC/CEM Research Review.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This literature review, based on abstracts of documents announced in RIE, compiles information on the rescheduled school year. Following the review is a list of the 18 documents cited, their costs, and availability. (LLR)

Piele, Philip K.

1971-01-01

147

School Year Plans. Bibliographies in Education No. 67.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This bibliography lists 412 sources on school year plans published since 1970. Materials listed are broken down into books, articles, and theses, and their availability through the ERIC system is indicated. No annotations are provided. (PGD)

Dohan, Margaret, Comp.

148

A Round-Up on Year-Round Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Article discussed the development of a new educational calendar that will entail attendance at school all year-round and which will allow for greater student enrollment, educational efficiency, and flexible scheduling. (RK)

Rifkin, N. S.

1973-01-01

149

School Attachment Theory and Restitution Processes: Promoting Positive Behaviors in Middle Years Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents the findings of a case study that examined school attachment and restitution strategies used in a middle years school to determine if the program had provided a viable means of promoting and sustaining positive behaviors among middle years students. Data were gathered by interviewing five teachers who had Restitution I training…

Penner, Christine; Wallin, Dawn

2012-01-01

150

The Schooling They Need: Voicing Student Perspectives on Their Fourth Year in Senior High School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study used qualitative research methods to investigate the experiences of students who returned to senior high school for a fourth year in order to graduate. By drawing on student voices, this collaborative research partnership with students revealed that a fourth year of high school led to stigmatization and alienation of students and often…

Kirby, Dale; Gardner, Morgan

2010-01-01

151

McKinley High School Quarter System. Evaluation Report, School Year 1970-71.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For the past two years McKinley High School has been operating on a quarter system in which the September through June school year is divided into four 9-week instructional periods. A formal evaluation was conducted with the intention of getting firsthand information from students and staff on the advantages and disadvantages of the system. A…

District of Columbia Public Schools, Washington, DC.

152

Genetic Inventory of Bull Trout and Westslope Cutthroat Trout in the Pend Oreille Subbasin, 2002-2003 Annual Report.  

SciTech Connect

In 2002, the Kalispel Natural Resource Department (KNRD) collected tissue samples for genetic analysis from 280 bull trout and 940 westslope cutthroat. The Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife developed and applied microsatellite DNA screening protocols for the analysis of bull trout at 13 loci and 24 loci for cutthroat trout. This project will continue collection and analysis of additional samples for the next 2 years. At that time, a final annual report will be compiled for the three-year study that will describe the genetic characteristics for bull trout and westslope cutthroat trout. The extent of hybridization of bull trout (with brook trout) and westslope cutthroat trout (with Yellowstone cutthroat trout and rainbow trout) in the Priest Lake and Lower Pend Oreille subbasins will also be examined.

Maroney, Joseph R. (Kalispel Tribe of Indians, Usk, WA); Shaklee, James B.; Young, Sewall F. (Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife, Olympia, WA)

2003-10-01

153

Columbia Plateau Basin and Fifteenmile Subbasin Water Rights Acquisitons; Oregon Water Trust Combined Work Plan, 2002-2003 Final Report.  

SciTech Connect

This is the Final Report submitted regarding Oregon Water Trust's Combined Work Plan for fiscal year 2003, with the contract period April 2002 to May 2003. Of this 12 month period, six month were spent concluding our work for the 2002 irrigation season and six months were spent preparing for the 2003 irrigation season. After this grant was completed, projects were finished with funding from the Columbia Basin Water Transactions Program. Many of the 2003 irrigation season successes began in the fall of 2002, when projects were researched and partnerships were developed. Trout Creek Ranch was one of the large successes. During the 2003 irrigation season, 2.6 cfs was leased which led to a permanent instream transfer, protecting critical spawning habitat for summer steelhead in the Deschutes basin. Another success was the Walla Walla Lease Bank project. This project is an agreement between the OWT, the Walla Walla Irrigation District and 11 individual landowners. Through this single year lease, 7.9 cfs of water was legally protected in the Walla Walla River. The Vidando lease on Middle Fork John Day River was renewed for 2 more years, protecting 11.29 cfs. An innovative single year split-season lease was conducted with Voight on Standard Creek in the John Day basin to protect 4.93 cfs. Many other deals were conducted and the total was an impressive 50.43 cfs instream during 2003 and 9.39 cfs pending approval for the 2004 season. Included is a summary of the activities within the Fifteenmile subbasin and the Columbia Plateau basin by quarter and two tables. The summary of activities is broken down by objectives and quarters. The first summarizes the total cfs by type of lease or transfer. The second table lists all the projects by subbasin and provides project type, lease number, cfs, cost of acquisition, partners in the project and funding source.

Paulus, Fritz

2003-12-01

154

Epidemiology of scalds in vulnerable groups in New South Wales, Australia, 1998/1999 to 2002/2003.  

PubMed

In this study, the recently introduced International Classification of Disease, 10th revision, code for hot tap water scalds was used to examine the epidemiology of these cases and other scalds injuries in children younger than 5 years of age and adults aged 65 years and older. Although the trunk was the most common area in which scalds occurred, young children were more likely to sustain head and neck scalds (15%, 95% confidence interval 10.8-18.3) because of hot tap water than older people (2%, 95% confidence interval 0.2-4.4). Hospital separation rates for hot water scalds decreased significantly during the study period in both boys (chi(2) = 15.6, df = 1, P < .001) and girls (chi(2) = 5.6, df = 1, P < .001) who were younger than 5 years of age, which might be attributable to the introduction of new standards regulating the provision of hot tap water to various buildings. The severity of scalds cases did not seem to be correlated with the length of hospital stay, which remained unchanged in both age groups. PMID:16006838

Boufous, Soufiane; Finch, Caroline

2005-01-01

155

A Multidimensional Model of School Dropout from an 8-Year Longitudinal Study in a General High School Population  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study tests an empirical multidimensional model of school dropout, using data collected in the first year of an 8-year longitudinal study, with first year high school students aged 12-13 years. Structural equation modeling analyses show that five personal, family, and school latent factors together contribute to school dropout identified at…

Fortin, Laurier; Marcotte, Diane; Diallo, Thierno; Potvin, Pierre; Royer, Egide

2013-01-01

156

Stocking of Offsite Waters for Hungry Horse Dam Mitigation; Creston National Fish Hatchery, 2002-2003 Annual Report.  

SciTech Connect

Mitigation Objective 1: Produce Native Westslope Cutthroat Trout at Creston NFH--Task: Acquire eggs and rear up to 100,000 Westslope Cutthroat trout annually for offsite mitigation stocking. Accomplishments: A total of 141,000 westslope cutthroat eggs (M012 strain) was acquired from the State of Montana Washoe Park State Fish Hatchery in May 2002 for this objective. We also received an additional 22,000 westslope cutthroat eggs, MO12 strain naturalized, from feral fish at Rogers Lake, Flathead County, Montana. The fish were reared using approved fish culture techniques as defined in the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Fish Hatchery Management guidelines. Survival from the swim up fry stage to stocking was 95.6%. We achieved a 0.80 feed conversion this year on a new diet, Skretting ''Nutra Plus''. Post release survival and angler success is monitored annually by Montana Fish Wildlife and Parks (MFWP) and the Confederated Salish and Kootenai Tribe (CSKT). Stocking numbers and locations vary yearly based on results of biological monitoring and adaptive management. Mitigation Objective 2: Produce Rainbow Trout at Creston NFH--Task: Acquire and rear up to 100,000 Rainbow trout annually for offsite mitigation in closed basin waters. Accomplishments: A total of 54,000 rainbow trout eggs (Arlee strain) was acquired from the Ennis National Fish Hatchery in December 2002 for this objective. The fish were reared using approved fish culture techniques as defined in the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Fish Hatchery Management guidelines. Survival from the swim up fry stage to stocking was 99.9%. We achieved a 0.79 feed conversion this year on a new diet, Skretting ''Nutra Plus''. Arlee rainbow trout are being used for this objective because the stocking locations are terminal basin reservoirs and habitat conditions and returns to the creel are unsuitable for native cutthroat. Post release survival and angler success is monitored annually by the Confederated Salish and Kootenai Tribe (CSKT). Stocking numbers and locations vary yearly based on results of biological monitoring and adaptive management.

US Fish and Wildlife Service Staff, (US Fish and Wildlife Service, Creston National Fish Hatchery, Kalispell, MT)

2004-02-01

157

Case Studies of Schools Receiving School Improvement Grants: Findings after the First Year of Implementation. NCEE 2014-4015  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Study of School Turnaround examines the improvement process in a purposive sample of 35 case study schools receiving federal School Improvement Grants (SIG) over a three-year period (2010-11 to 2012-13 school years). Using site visit, teacher survey, and fiscal data, the case studies describe the school contexts, the principals'…

Le Floch, Kerstin Carlson; Birman, Beatrice; O'Day, Jennifer; Hurlburt, Steven; Mercado-Garcia, Diana; Goff, Rose; Manship, Karen; Brown, Seth; Therriault, Susan Bowles; Rosenberg, Linda; Angus, Megan Hague; Hulsey, Lara

2014-01-01

158

Water and sediment quality of the Yukon River and its tributaries, from Eagle to St. Marys, Alaska, 2002-2003  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The Yukon River basin is a vast and diverse ecosystem covering more than 330,000 square miles, an area larger than Texas. Approximately 126,000 people live within the basin and depend on the Yukon River and its tributaries for drinking water, commerce, and recreational and subsistence fish and game resources. Much of the Yukon River basin is underlain by permafrost containing vast amounts of organic carbon and nutrients. Recent climatic warming of the basin has resulted in lengthening of the growing season, melting of permafrost, deepening of the soil active layer, drying of upland soils, and shrinking of wetlands. These mostly terrestrial effects also affect the hydrology of the basin, changing the timing, magnitude, and fate of water and dissolved and particulate materials delivery to the Yukon River and its tributaries. As permafrost melts, stored carbon and nutrients are expected to become available for decomposition by soil organisms or for export downstream and to the Bering Sea. Such changes can have numerous, far-reaching effects on the ecosystem, including increased emission of greenhouse gases such as carbon dioxide and methane; changes in stream productivity, including salmon populations; changes in the productivity and chemistry of the Bering Sea; and increased fire frequency. One important question is whether organic carbon export to rivers will increase or decrease downstream from large wetland areas presently having substantial carbon storage, such as Yukon Flats. Because very few historical water-quality data are available for the Yukon River basin, scientists are unable to quantitatively assess potential effects of climate warming on aquatic ecosystems in the basin. In order to address these concerns, the U.S. Geological Survey conducted a comprehensive baseline water-quality characterization of the Yukon River and its major tributaries during 2000-05. The study included frequent water-quality sampling at a fixed-site network. In addition to the fixed-site sampling, intensive synoptic sampling of tributaries draining directly into the Yukon River was conducted along its entire length. This report contains observations of water and sediment quality made in the Yukon River basin during the synoptic sampling cruises in years 2002 and 2003. Chemical and biological data are presented for the Yukon River and its major tributaries between the towns of Eagle and St. Marys, Alaska.

edited by Dornblaser, Mark M.; Halm, Douglas R.

2006-01-01

159

Creativity in Middle and Late School Years.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study tested 142 youth 12 through 16 years of age with a special percept-genetic creativity test, a creativity-fantasy scale, and a percept-genetic personality test. Creativity was defined as the inclination to transgress the confines of an established perceptual context. Results are discussed and the development of creativity from preschool…

Smith, Gudmund; Carlsson, Ingegerd

1985-01-01

160

Nearsightedness Linked to Years in School  

MedlinePLUS

... each year spent studying, and that length of education proved to be a greater factor in nearsightedness than genetics. The possible culprits: being cooped up indoors and doing work up close, such as reading or working on a computer. Some view these ...

161

Hood River Fish Habitat Project; Confederated Tribes of the Warm Springs Reservation of Oregon, Annual Report 2002-2003.  

SciTech Connect

This report summarizes the project implementation and monitoring of all habitat activities in the Hood River basin that occurred over the October 1, 2002 to September 30, 2003 period (FY 03). Some of the objectives in the corresponding statement of work for this contract were not completed within FY 03. A description of the progress during FY 03 and reasoning for deviation from the original tasks and timeline are provided. OBJECTIVE 1 - Provide coordination of all activities, administrative oversight and assist in project implementation and monitoring activities. Administrative oversight and coordination of the habitat statement of work, budget, subcontracts, personnel, implementation, and monitoring was provided. OBJECTIVE 2 - Continue to coordinate, implement, and revise, as needed, the Hood River Fish Habitat Protection, Restoration, and Monitoring Plan. The Hood River Fish Habitat Protection, Restoration, and Monitoring Plan was completed in 2000 (Coccoli et al., 2000). This document was utilized for many purposes including: drafting the Watershed Action Plan (Coccoli, 2002), ranking projects for funding, and prioritizing projects to target in the future. This document has been reviewed by many, including stakeholders, agencies, and interested parties. The Hood River Watershed Group Coordinator and author of the Hood River Fish Habitat Protection, Restoration, and Monitoring Plan, Holly Coccoli, has updated and revised the plan. Changes will be reflected in the Hood River Subbasin Plan, and after submission of the Subbasin Plan, a formally revised version of the Monitoring Plan will be put out for review. This will more specifically address changes in the Hood River subbasin since 2000, and reflect changes to fish habitat and needs in the Hood River subbasin regarding monitoring. OBJECTIVE 3 - Evaluate and monitor the habitat, accessibility, and presence of winter steelhead, coho salmon, and resident trout upstream of the Middle Fork Irrigation District water sources on Evans Creek. Through this project, BPA funded the Middle Fork Irrigation District (MFID) a total of $194,000 in FY 03 for the Glacier Ditch- Evans Creek project. BPA funds accounted for approximately 30% of the project while the remaining 70% was cost-shared by the MFID, the US Forest Service, and the Oregon Watershed Enhancement Board. The MFID operated irrigation diversions on Evans Creek (Hutson pond RM 4.0 and the Evans Creek diversion RM 5.5), a tributary to the East Fork Hood River. Both diversions had inadequate upstream fish passage, and utilized Evans Creek to transport Eliot Branch water to distribute irrigation water lower in the basin. This project consisted of: piping a portion of the Glacier ditch to create a pressurized irrigation pipeline system, piping the Hutson extension, removing the culvert on Evans Creek near the Glacier ditch, removing the culvert above the Hutson pond, revegetating the disturbed areas, and providing adequate and approved fish passage on Evans Creek. Prior to any work, Brian Connors with MFID completed a NEPA checklist. Some of the key regulatory points of this project included wetland delineations, a cultural resources survey, and consultations with NOAA Fisheries, U.S. Fish and Wildlife, Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife (ODFW), and the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers. This project will eliminate the overflow of silty water into Evans Creek and West Fork Evans Creek. Upon completion of this project, access to 2.5 miles of winter steelhead, coho salmon, and resident trout habitat will be restored. Elimination of the interbasin transfer of water will discontinue the conveyance of silty Eliot Branch water into clear East Fork tributaries. Additionally, less water taken from Coe Branch, Eliot Branch, and Laurance Lake which will benefit listed steelhead and bull trout. The Glacier Ditch provided irrigation water from the Eliot Branch to upper valley orchards and agriculture for more than 100 years. The Glacier Ditch served approximately 1,438 acres with 18 cfs of water. The Glacier Ditch portion of this project

Vaivoda, Alexis

2004-02-01

162

Urban School Feeding Survey--Fiscal Year 1973. (Report Based on March 1973 Data).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report covers the status of sc-ool food services in 152 cities with populations of 100,000 and over for fiscal year 1973. It consists of six sections: general information on all schools, schools in the national school lunch program, schools with other and no food service, schools in low income areas, schools in the school breakfast program,…

Food and Nutrition Service (USDA), Washington, DC.

163

School Violence Prevention Demonstration Program: Report on Year One, 1999-2000 School Year.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report is the research component of the Center for Civic Education's School Violence Prevention Demonstration Program, a scheme for middle-school-aged students that develops intellectual and participatory skills essential to effective and responsible citizenship. The program is an attempt to draw attention to ways in which civic education can…

Rosen, Louis

164

Overview of Public Elementary and Secondary Schools and Districts: School Year 1996-97  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The National Center For Education Statistics has recently released this report which provides national and state overview information about the types, sizes, and locations of the more than 86 thousand public schools in the US during the 1996-97 school year. Data about the nation's 46 million public school students are also presented, including statistics related to ethnic diversity, special education participation, free lunch eligibility, and dropout rates for selected states.

165

Child Development in the Year Round Elementary School.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper emphasizes that one of the main concerns in year-round education is the effect upon the social, emotional, physical, and psychological development of children. Alteration of the school calendar, and the curricular innovations that tend to piggy-back year-round programs, may well provide the impetus for individualizing and humanizing…

Biskin, Donald S.; And Others

166

Computer Assisted Instruction at St. Anne's School: The Second Year.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A WICAT Computer Assisted Instructional (CAI) System began operation at St. Anne Consensus School (Tennessee) in August, 1986. Iowa Test of Basic Skills (ITBS) scores for the years 1984 through 1988 for ten students in each of the grades 4th through 8th (as of May 1988) were analyzed. The average gain for all subjects during the two years before…

Clariana, Roy B.; Schultz, Charles W.

167

Student Perceptions of the First Year of Veterinary Medical School.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A brief survey was conducted of nearly 900 first-year students in 14 U.S. veterinary medical schools in order to gather impressions of the first year of veterinary medical education. Although some students reported that conditions were stressful, the majority did not feel that they were inordinately so. Overall, most students were quite positive…

Powers, Donald E.

2002-01-01

168

Assessment of Salmonids and Their Habitat Conditions in the Walla Walla River Basin within Washington, Annual Report 2002-2003.  

SciTech Connect

This study began in 1998 to assess salmonid distribution, relative abundance, genetics, and the condition of salmonid habitats in the Walla Walla River basin. Stream flows in the Walla Walla Basin continue to show a general trend that begins with a sharp decline in discharge in late June, followed by low summer flows and then an increase in discharge in fall and winter. Manual stream flow measurements at Pepper bridge showed an increase in 2002 of 110-185% from July-September, over flows from 2001. This increase is apparently associated with a 2000 settlement agreement between the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS) and the irrigation districts to leave minimum flows in the river. Stream temperatures in the Walla Walla basin were similar to those in 2001. Upper montane tributaries maintained maximum summer temperatures below 65 F, while sites in mid and lower Touchet and Walla Walla rivers frequently had daily maximum temperatures well above 68 F (high enough to inhibit migration in adult and juvenile salmonids, and to sharply reduce survival of their embryos and fry). These high temperatures are possibly the most critical physiological barrier to salmonids in the Walla Walla basin, but other factors (available water, turbidity or sediment deposition, cover, lack of pools, etc.) also play a part in salmonid survival, migration, and breeding success. The increased flows in the Walla Walla, due to the 2000 settlement agreement, have not shown consistent improvements to stream temperatures. Rainbow/steelhead (Oncorhynchus mykiss) trout represent the most common salmonid in the basin. Densities of Rainbow/steelhead in the Walla Walla River from the Washington/Oregon stateline to Mojonnier Rd. dropped slightly from 2001, but are still considerably higher than before the 2000 settlement agreement. Other salmonids including; bull trout (Salvelinus confluentus), chinook salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha), mountain whitefish (Prosopium williamsoni), and brown trout (Salmo trutta) had low densities, and limited distribution throughout the basin. A large return of adult spring chinook to the Touchet River drainage in 2001 produced higher densities of juvenile chinook in 2002 than have been seen in recent years, especially in the Wolf Fork. The adult return in 2002 was substantially less than what was seen in 2001. Due to poor water conditions and trouble getting personnel hired, spawning surveys were limited in 2002. Surveyors found only one redd in four Walla Walla River tributaries (Cottonwood Ck., East Little Walla Walla, West Little Walla Walla, and Mill Ck.), and 59 redds in Touchet River tributaries (10 in the North Fork Touchet, 30 in the South Fork Touchet, and 19 in the Wolf Fork). Bull trout spawning surveys in the upper Touchet River tributaries found a total of 125 redds and 150 live fish (92 redds and 75 fish in the Wolf Fork, 2 redds and 1 fish in the Burnt Fork, 0 redds and 1 fish in the South Fork Touchet, 29 redds and 71 fish in the North Fork Touchet, and 2 redds and 2 fish in Lewis Ck.). A preliminary steelhead genetics analysis was completed as part of this project. Results indicate differences between naturally produced steelhead and those produced in the hatchery. There were also apparent genetic differences among the naturally produced fish from different areas of the basin. Detailed results are reported in Bumgarner et al. 2003. Recommendations for assessment activities in 2003 included: (1) continue to monitor the Walla Walla River (focusing from the stateline to McDonald Rd.), the Mill Ck system, and the Little Walla Walla System. (2) reevaluate Whiskey Ck. for abundance and distribution of salmonids, and Lewis Ck. for bull trout density and distribution. (3) select or develop a habitat survey protocol and begin to conduct habitat inventory and assessment surveys. (4) summarize bull trout data for Mill Ck, South Fork Touchet, and Lewis Ck. (5) begin to evaluate temperature and flow data to assess if the habitat conditions exist for spring chinook in the Touchet River.

Mendel, Glen; Trump, Jeremy; Gembala, Mike

2003-09-01

169

Finding Keys to School Change: A 40Year Odyssey  

Microsoft Academic Search

I’ve been working at understanding change in schools for more than forty years. Being given a license to reflect on my intellectual\\u000a adventures in the study of school change — in public — is a delightful and faintly alarming charge. I need to avoid sheer\\u000a narcissism on the one hand, and detached encyclopedic syntheses on the other. And not succumb

Matthew B. Miles

170

Do Schools Make a Difference? A Study of High School Effects and First Year College Success  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Schools across America are being ranked for their effectiveness on a number of student criteria, among them preparation of students for a successful college experience. This study investigates the relationship between graduating seniors, their successful first year retention in college and several personal and school related factors. The study…

Smith, Wade; Droddy, Jason; Guarino, A. J.

2011-01-01

171

Beyond School: Final Year School Students' Experiences of the Transition to Tertiary Study or Employment.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study investigated the postsecondary intentions and the actual outcomes of secondary transition among 321 students from five schools in New Zealand. Phase 1 identified students who did not intend to return to secondary school. The next year (2000), they became the target population for Phase 2, which examined the students' actual continuation on…

Boyd, Sally; Chalmers, Anna; Kumekawa, Eugene

172

First-Year Effectiveness on School Functioning of a Self-Contained ED Middle School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Students new to a self-contained middle school for students with emotional disturbance (ED) were followed during their first year to assess the effectiveness of the program on school functioning and psychopathology. Measures for academic functioning (grade point average and subject failures), attendance (absenteeism and lateness), and disciplinary…

Mattison, Richard E.; Schneider, Jayne

2009-01-01

173

25 CFR 39.205 - How does OIEP calculate a school's total WSUs for the school year?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-04-01 false How does OIEP calculate a school's total WSUs for the school year? 39.205 Section 39.205 Indians...DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR EDUCATION THE INDIAN SCHOOL EQUALIZATION PROGRAM Administrative...

2011-04-01

174

Montana Nonpublic School Enrollment by County and Grade Range, 2001-02 through 2003-04 School Years  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document contains tables of data relating to the enrollment statistics for Montana Home Schools and Private Schools by county and grade range. The statistics relate to school years 2001-2002 through 2003-2004.

Montana Office of Public Instruction, 2004

2004-01-01

175

25 CFR 39.207 - How does OIEP determine a school's funding for the school year?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...for the school year, OIEP uses the following seven-step process: (a) Step 1. Multiply the appropriate base academic and...of students in each grade level category. (b) Step 2. Multiply the number of students eligible...

2013-04-01

176

Public Elementary and Secondary State Aggregate Data, for School Year 1990-1991 and Fiscal Year 1990.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report presents information on public elementary and secondary schools for the 1990-91 school year and 1990 fiscal year. It also includes an appendix containing final revised data for the 1989-90 school year and the 1989 fiscal year. Data for this rep...

E. D. Tabs F. Johnson

1992-01-01

177

Long Term Geochemical Monitoring of Stromboli Volcano (Italy): Clues On 2002-2003 Eruption From Gas Chemistry, Helium And Carbon Isotopes  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Since 1999, a geochemical monitoring has been carried out on both the hydrothermal system and the crater fumaroles of Stromboli volcano. A few (3) thermal waters as well as a low temperature (98° C) fumarole, located on the "Pizzo sopra La Fossa" area, are monthly sampled and analysed for their chemical and isotope (He and C) composition until the onset of 2002-2003 eruption. CO2 is the main gas species dissolved in thermal waters, with concentrations ranging from 30 to 160 cc/l STP. The sampled fumarole showed a CO2 dominant composition (about 100% vol.). Measured 3He/4He ratios are in the range of 3.6-4.3 Ra (corrected for air contamination), which represents the higher magmatic marker recently recognised at Stromboli (Inguaggiato & Rizzo, 2003). Since June 2002, synchronous variations in the dissolved CO2 and 3He/4He ratios were observed among the sites. Such variations occurred before and during the main periods of volcanic unrest, displaying similar trends with those observed at the crater fumarole. Such findings suggest that episodes of magma degassing and ascent occurred in the plumbing system some months before the onset of the 2002-2003 eruption (28th December), inducing a pressure increase in the shallow levels of the volcano. Similar variations, although with a different range, were recognized before and during the 5th April 2003 explosive event, suggesting again a new input of gas-rich magma batches which induced a pressure increase in the shallow feeding system. Gaseous CO2 of the fumarole showed a ? 13C average value of -2, which represents the typical magmatic marker for this volcano, falls in the range of Mediterranean volcanoes area (0 to -2 ‰ , Inguaggiato et al., 2000). The CO2 gas isotope data of thermal waters, recalculated from TDIC values, highlighted a wide range of variation, from -9 to 0 ‰ versus PDB linked to a mixing between magmatic and atmospheric end-members(-2 ‰ -7 ‰ respectively). Since June 2002, temporal variations of recalculated ? 13C values showed more homogeneous isotope data around -2‰ , suggesting an increased magmatic contribution of CO2 in the hydrothermal system. After 5th April, the absence of new input of undegassed magma determined a progressive trend towards more negative isotope values in the thermal waters. The long term monitoring of Stromboli volcano allowed us to recognise signals of magma degassing before and during the main episodes of volcanic unrest, thus representing an important tool in forecasting volcanic activity. Inguaggiato S., G. Pecoraino, and F. D'Amore. Chemical and isotopical characterization of fluid manifestations of Ischia Island (Italy). J.Volcanol.Geoth.Res. 99:151-178, 2000. Inguaggiato S. & A.Rizzo. Dissolved helium isotope ratio in ground-waters: A new technique based on gas-water re-equilibration and an application to a volcanic area" Appl. Geochem. Accepted. 2003

Capasso, G.; Carapezza, M. L.; Federico, C.; Inguaggiato, S.; Rizzo, A.

2003-12-01

178

Geology, tectonics, and the 2002-2003 eruption of the Semeru volcano, Indonesia: Interpreted from high-spatial resolution satellite imagery  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The paper illustrates the application of high-spatial resolution satellite images in interpreting volcanic structures and eruption impacts in the Tengger-Semeru massif in east Java, Indonesia. We use high-spatial resolution images (IKONOS and SPOT 5) and aerial photos in order to analyze the structures of Semeru volcano and map the deposits. Geological and tectonic mapping is based on two DEMs and on the interpretation of aerial photos and four SPOT and IKONOS optical satellite images acquired between 1996 and 2002. We also compared two thermal Surface Kinetic Temperature ASTER images before and after the 2002-2003 eruption in order to delineate and evaluate the impacts of the pyroclastic density currents. Semeru's principal structural features are probably due to the tectonic setting of the volcano. A structural map of the Tengger-Semeru massif shows four groups of faults orientated N40, N160, N75, and N105 to N140. Conspicuous structures, such as the SE-trending horseshoe-shaped scar on Semeru's summit cone, coincide with the N160-trending faults. The direction of minor scars on the east flank parallels the first and second groups of faults. The Semeru composite cone hosts the currently active Jonggring-Seloko vent. This is located on, and buttressed against, the Mahameru edifice at the head of a large scar that may reflect a failure plane at shallow depth. Dipping 35° towards the SE, this failure plane may correspond to a weak basal layer of weathered volcaniclastic rocks of Tertiary age. We suggest that the deformation pattern of Semeru and its large scar may be induced by flank spreading over the weak basal layer of the volcano. It is therefore necessary to consider the potential for flank and summit collapse in the future. The last major eruption took place in December 2002-January 2003, and involved emplacement of block-and-ash flows. We have used the 2003 ASTER Surface Kinetic Temperature image to map the 2002-2003 pyroclastic density current deposits. We have also compared two 10 m-pixel images acquired before and after the event to describe the extent and impact of an estimated volume of 5.45 × 10 6 m 3 of block-and-ash flow deposits. An ash-rich pyroclastic surge escaped from one of the valley-confined block-and ash flows at 5 to 8 km distance from the crater and swept across the forest and tilled land on the SW side of the Bang River Valley. Downvalley, the temperature of the pyroclastic surge decreased and a mud-rich deposit coated the banks of the Bang River Valley. Thus, hazard mitigation at Semeru should combine: (1) continuous monitoring of the eruptive activity through an early-warning system, and (2) continuous remote sensing of the morphological changes in the drainage system due to the impact of frequent pyroclastic density currents and lahars.

Solikhin, Akhmad; Thouret, Jean-Claude; Gupta, Avijit; Harris, Andy J. L.; Liew, Soo Chin

2012-02-01

179

A common feeding system of the NE and S rifts as revealed by the bilateral 2002/2003 eruptive event at Mt. Etna (Sicily, Italy)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Mount Etna volcano is often characterized by bilateral eruptive events, involving both the south (S) and the north east (NE) rifts. The last event occurred in 2002-2003 from October 27 to January 28. A detailed, stratigraphically time-controlled sampling of lavas and tephra of the southern eruptive fissure was performed in order to (1) track the petrological features of products during the eruption and (2) integrate the results with those previously obtained on the NE rift. Whole-rock composition and textural observations were implemented by major and minor element analyses of plagioclases in lavas and tephra from both sides of the volcano. Fractionation models constrained by mass balance (major and trace elements) and Rayleigh calculations suggest that magmas are linked by the same liquid line of descent by fractionating 9.11 % of a mineral assemblage of Cpx (52.69 %), Plg (21.41), and Ol (7.46 %). These new data allowed us to identify at least two feeding episodes through the southern fissure and infer that high-K2O porphyritic magmas, emitted on both the S and NE rifts, derives by fractionation from the same parent magma. However, lavas and tephra from the southern flank were slightly more primitive. Textural and petrological study of plagioclase moreover indicates that chemical-physical conditions in the deep feeding system were similar for magmas erupting from both rifts as suggested by the presence of dissolved rounded cores in both lavas. Magmas evolved differently on the S and the NE rifts only at shallow levels. Comparison with published seismotectonic data supports the idea that the main magma feeding the eruption on October 27 ascended along the same pathway at depth and was intercepted by the fracture system of the S and NE rifts at shallow depth, between 6 and 3 km b.s.l.

Giacomoni, P. P.; Ferlito, C.; Alesci, G.; Coltorti, M.; Monaco, C.; Viccaro, M.; Cristofolini, R.

2012-12-01

180

What I've Learned about Charter Schools: After 10 Years on the Front Lines  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The author founded Greater Newark Charter School in 2000 at a time when charter schools were little more than a nuisance to the traditional public school establishment. Just two years earlier, when first learning about charter schools, he recalls questioning the necessity for "new" schools when so many operational public schools were in need of…

Turnamian, Peter

2011-01-01

181

Physics in High School and Two-year Colleges  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

These reports document the curriculum range and student enrollment trends in physics at the high school and two-year college level, as well as the personal characteristics and academic backgrounds of physics teachers at these levels. They also examine teachers' experiences, instructional practices, available resources and the impact of recent science education reforms on physics programs.

Physics, American I.

2012-03-29

182

Five Ways to Organize for a New School Year  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Educators may start off a school year with the best of intentions for staying organized, but by about November, they quickly find their systems, energy and motivation starts to dwindle. By March, they can't even see their desk, and have hundreds of e-mails in their inboxes. Incorporating a few organizational strategies at the beginning of the…

Balsley, Jessica

2011-01-01

183

Evaluation of Medical School Fourth-Year Electives.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An evaluation program for fourth-year electives at Wright State University School of Medicine is described. Although individual electives were assessed, the evaluation program allows generalizations across electives by identifying strengths and weaknesses commonly found in the electives that were evaluated. (MLW)

Markert, Ronald J.; And Others

1986-01-01

184

Interviewing First Year Teachers: Applicant Appraisal for Secondary School Principals.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The personal interview examines the potential skills of the employee in relation to the organizational needs of the district for the present and the future. This paper analyzes capabilities of first-year teachers as evidenced by traits observed during the personal interview conducted by the secondary school principal. Research findings with…

Oliver, Ronald L.

185

Student Segregation and Achievement Tracking in Year-Round Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Twenty-five percent of California's elementary schoolchildren attend schools operating on nontraditional, staggered, overlapping attendance calendars collectively referred to as multitrack year-round education (MT-YRE). This case study reveals substantial differences in the characteristics of students and teachers across the four attendance tracks…

Mitchell, Ross E.; Mitchell, Douglas E.

2005-01-01

186

High School Physics, Two-Year Colleges, and Physics Majors  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We have just completed the data collection for our 2012-13 Nationwide Survey of High School Physics and expect to have results to report in the spring. In the interim, we will take a look at physics in two-year colleges (TYCs). In 2007, we surveyed undergraduate seniors in degree-granting physics departments, and we asked these students if they…

White, Susan C.

2013-01-01

187

Tackling Illiteracy in Year 7 of the Comprehensive School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reading standards are regarded by many as the true yardstick by which to measure school effectiveness, and the relative standards achieved by different generations are often debated by adults. Some young people do not perceive reading to be of anything like such importance, however, using digital communication habitually and easily. Each year a…

Mays, Dennis

2012-01-01

188

Expressing Social Gender Identities in the First Year of School.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes results of an analysis of children's knowledge and use of social representations of gender. Reports that researchers observed four first-year primary school classes in England. Concludes that boys and girls possess similar knowledge of the relationship between gender marking of social category membership and material culture. (SG)

Lloyd, Barbara; Duveen, Gerard

1991-01-01

189

High School Physics, Two-Year Colleges, and Physics Majors  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We have just completed the data collection for our 2012-13 Nationwide Survey of High School Physics and expect to have results to report in the spring. In the interim, we will take a look at physics in two-year colleges (TYCs). In 2007, we surveyed undergraduate seniors in degree-granting physics departments, and we asked these students if they had begun the post-secondary career at a TYC. Nine percent of the physics undergraduate seniors in 2007 had started their college education at a TYC, and these students differ significantly from those who did not start at a TYC. The two graphs at right depict the high school physics experience for these two groups of students. More than one-fourth of those who started at a TYC did not take physics in high school, and only 18% took AP physics. The 6% of those who did not start at a TYC and did not take physics is consistent with the 5% of high school seniors who attend a school where physics is not offered. Their apparent difference of interest in physics in high school is also evident from their knowledge about AP physics offerings: 25% of those who started at a TYC did not know if AP physics was offered at their high school versus only 5% of those who did not start at a TYC. Since their high school physics experiences were so different, it is likely that something happened in their physics courses at the TYC that captured these students' interest in physics.

White, Susan C.

2013-09-01

190

Improving Teacher Quality in U.S. School Districts: Districts' Use of Title II, Part A, Funds in 2002-2003. Policy and Program Brief  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 (NCLB), which reauthorized the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965, places a major emphasis on teacher quality as a significant factor in improving student achievement. Under NCLB, Title II, Part A provides funds to states and districts to conduct a variety of teacher-related reform activities.…

US Department of Education, 2004

2004-01-01

191

CDC Guidance for State and Local Public Health Officials and School Administrators for School (K-12) Responses to Influenza during the 2009-2010 School Year  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document provides guidance to help decrease the spread of flu among students and school staff during the 2009-2010 school year. This document expands upon earlier school guidance documents by providing a menu of tools that school and health officials can choose from based on conditions in their area. It recommends actions to take this school

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2009

2009-01-01

192

Initiating and Administering a Year-Round Program in Your Secondary School.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Year round school programs are more difficult to implement in secondary schools because of the nature of teaching and the seasonal organization of extracurricular activities in high schools. There is no one year round program that is desirable for all schools. When considering a year round program for the first time the following variables should…

White, William D.

193

Governance and Administrative Infrastructure in New York City Charter Schools. Going Charter Year Three Findings. Charter School Research Project.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this final report of a 3-year evaluation, researchers explored the developing infrastructure in New York City charter schools and identified areas in which school stakeholders--private partners, boards of trustees, school leaders, parents, and teachers--needed support to help charter schools succeed. The study was based on monthly visits to…

Ascher, Carol; Echazarreta, Juan; Jacobowitz, Robin; McBride, Yolanda; Troy, Tammi

194

77 FR 24188 - Application Deadline for Fiscal Year (FY) 2012; Small, Rural School Achievement Program  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Fiscal Year (FY) 2012; Small, Rural School Achievement Program AGENCY: Office of...SUMMARY: Under the Small, Rural School Achievement (SRSA) program, CFDA...to address the unique needs of rural school districts. In this notice, we...

2012-04-23

195

Revenues and Expenditures for Public Elementary and Secondary School Districts: School Year 2010-11 (Fiscal Year 2011). First Look (Provisional Data). NCES 2013-344  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report presents data from the School District Finance Survey (F-33) of the Common Core of Data (CCD) survey system for school year (SY) 2010-11, fiscal year 2011 (FY 11). The F-33 survey is a school district-level financial survey that consists of data submitted annually to the National Center for Education Statistics (NCES) and the…

Cornman, Stephen Q.; Keaton, Patrick; Glander, Mark

2013-01-01

196

Revenues and Expenditures for Public Elementary and Secondary School Districts: School Year 2006-07 (Fiscal Year 2007). First Look. NCES 2009-338  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report presents data from the School District Finance Survey for School Year 2006-07 (fiscal year 2007, or FY 07). The School District Finance Survey is a district-level survey that consists of data submitted annually to the National Center for Education Statistics (NCES) by state education agencies (SEAs) in the 50 states and the District of…

Zhou, Lei

2009-01-01

197

Revenues and Expenditures for Public Elementary and Secondary School Districts: School Year 2005-06 (Fiscal Year 2006). First Look. NCES 2008-345  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This brief publication contains basic revenue and expenditure data, by state, for public elementary and secondary education for school year 2005-06. It contains state-level data on revenues by source and expenditures by function, including expenditures per pupil. It presents data from the School District Finance Survey for School Year 2005-06…

Zhou, Lei

2008-01-01

198

Comparing Slovenian Year 8 and Year 9 Elementary School Pupils' Knowledge of Electrolyte Chemistry and Their Intrinsic Motivation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study explored the differences between eight-year elementary school pupils (before the curriculum reform) and nine-year elementary school pupils (soon after the curriculum reform) in Slovenia, as regards specific chemistry knowledge and motivation to learn chemistry. Altogether, 191 elementary school pupils participated in the study. The…

Devetak, Iztok; Lorber, Erna Drofenik; Jurisevic, Mojca; Glazar, Sasa A.

2009-01-01

199

The Joining of School Districts In Iowa Since 1966 or Fifteen Years of School Combination Without State Compulsion.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although 1951-1966 marked 15 of the most dynamic, hectic, painful, and questionable years of Iowa school district reorganization, 28 school district reorganizations have come about in the succeeding 15 years without a state law or Department of Public Instruction regulation mandating the elimination of certain kinds or sizes of local school

Dreier, William H.

200

Going Charter: New Models of Support. Year Two Findings from New York City's Charter Schools. Charter School Research Project.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report synthesizes the year 2 findings of a 3-year qualitative study of autonomy, accountability, finance, and supports in New York City charter schools. In 2000-2001, the study sample included 10 schools (8 charter and 2 alternative schools considering charter status). Section 1 reviews the literature on supports provided to traditional…

Ascher, Carol; Echazarreta, Juan; Jacobowitz, Robin; McBride, Yolanda; Troy, Tammi; Wamba, Nathalis

201

Florida School Readiness Performance Standards for Three-, Four-, and Five-Year-Old Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Florida Partnership for School Readiness, created as a result of the Florida School Readiness Act in 1999, is charged with adopting a system for measuring school readiness and developing school readiness performance standards and outcome measures. This guide presents school readiness performance standards for 3-, 4-, and 5-year-olds and is the…

2002

202

A Content Analysis of School Anti-Bullying Policies: A Follow-Up after Six Years  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An analysis was undertaken of 217 English school anti-bullying policies, from 169 primary schools and 48 secondary schools, using a 34-item scoring scheme. Findings were compared with an analysis of 142 schools six years earlier. Overall schools in the current analysis had about 49% of the items in their policies, a modest increase over the…

Smith, Peter K.; Kupferberg, Allison; Mora-Merchan, Joaquin A.; Samara, Muthanna; Bosley, Sue; Osborn, Rob

2012-01-01

203

A Five-Year School Building and Future Sites Program 1966-1970.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Five-year school building and site needs and related financial requirements are summarized for Milwaukee's schools. Educational policies concerning the school building program are stated, and consideration is given to factors affecting school board needs such as birth rate, public housing projects, urban renewal, highways, and expressways. School

1965

204

Minnesota School Readiness Year Three Study: Developmental Assessment at Kindergarten Entrance, Fall 2004--Promoting School Readiness in Local Communities with a Strategic Sample of School Districts  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report summarizes Year One and Year Two study findings and describes findings from Year Three of the assessment of school readiness with a strategic sample of children entering kindergarten in fall 2004. It is the intent of the Minnesota School Readiness Studies to use results to inform school administrators and teachers; parents; early…

Minnesota Department of Education, 2005

2005-01-01

205

Year-Round Education: Change and Choice for Schools and Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Over the last 20 years, many districts and schools have begun to explore year-round education or a modified calendar in response to student under-achievement in low performing schools. Here, the authors detail their two-year study of Title I, year-round, or modified calendar schools that switched from a traditional to a modified schedule in order…

Haser, Shelly Gismondi; Nasser, Ilham

2005-01-01

206

Elementary Technology Demonstration Schools: The Third Year 1992-93. Publication Number 92.31.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The 1992-93 school year was the third year of the Elementary Technology Demonstration Schools program of the Austin (Texas) schools; the project is funded by International Business Machines Corporation (IBM) and Apple Computer Inc. Grants from these corporations were used to equip three elementary schools with IBM equipment and one with Apple…

Sabatino, Melissa

207

Montana School Nutrition Programs Free and Reduced Price Participation Data, 2003-04 School Year  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report provides a count of all students in Montana public and nonpublic schools who are eligible to receive free and reduced price benefits for meals and milk. Because the data presented in this report are frozen on December 31, there may be missing values as well as late corrections for a given year because data came in later than that date.

McCulloch, Linda

2004-01-01

208

Public School Student, Staff, and Graduate Counts by State: School Year 2000-01.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This annual report presents findings from the Common Core of Data (CCD) State Nonfiscal Survey of Public Elementary/Secondary Education, School Year 2000-01. Data for this annual NCES survey are collected directly from state education agencies and include...

B. A. Young

2002-01-01

209

The Friendly Schools Friendly Families Programme: Three-Year Bullying Behaviour Outcomes in Primary School Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: This three-year group randomized controlled trial assessed whether a multi-age, multi-level bullying prevention and intervention with staff capacity building, can reduce bullying among primary school children. Methods: This study comprised two intervention and one comparison conditions. Student self-report data were collected from 2552…

Cross, Donna; Waters, Stacey; Pearce, Natasha; Shaw, Therese; Hall, Margaret; Erceg, Erin; Burns, Sharyn; Roberts, Clare; Hamilton, Greg

2012-01-01

210

Program Implementation Procedures - Implementation of Two Year Post High School Wastewater Technology Instructional Programs.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In the spring of 1970, Volume 1: Program Criteria, and Volume 2: Curriculum Guidelines, Criteria for Establishment of Two Year Post High School Wastewater Technology Programs, were completed and three two year post high school institutions were selected t...

J. H. Austin, A. F. Eiss

1973-01-01

211

Children Entering School Ready To Learn: School Readiness Baseline Information, School Year 2001-02 by State and County.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As part of its efforts to improve services for children, birth to age five, the Maryland Joint Committee on Children, Youth, and Families charged the State Department of Education with identifying and implementing, by school year 2000-01, an early childhood assessment system that provides baseline information on children entering kindergarten.…

Maryland State Dept. of Education, Baltimore.

212

Revenues and Expenditures for Public Elementary and Secondary School Districts: School Year 2004-05 (Fiscal Year 2005). First Look. NCES 2007-355  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This brief publication contains data on revenues and expenditures per pupil made by school districts for school year 2004-05. Median per pupil revenue and expenditure data are reported by state, as well as values at the 5th and 95th percentiles. Data for charter schools are reported separately. There are also discussions on the different types of…

Zhou, Lei; Gaviola, Nick

2007-01-01

213

The Role of School Leadership in the Implementation of the Transition Year Programme in Ireland  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Introducing an educational innovation into any school context involves some challenge to existing practices. Transition Year is an innovative, optional, one-year programme taken by approximately half the 15-16-year age cohort in schools in the Republic of Ireland. Based on data from an extensive study of TY operating in six different schools,…

Jeffers, Gerry

2010-01-01

214

78 FR 17188 - Application Deadline for Fiscal Year (FY) 2013; Small, Rural School Achievement Program  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Deadline for Fiscal Year (FY) 2013; Small, Rural School Achievement...Elementary and Secondary Education...Small, Rural School Achievement...submission of fiscal year (FY) 2013...of the NCES school code methodology...Elementary and Secondary Education Act...in any prior year. All...

2013-03-20

215

The Louisiana School Effectiveness Study. Phase One (1980-82), Pilot Year, 1981-82.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report summarizes activities of the pilot year (1981-82) of the Louisiana School Effectiveness Study (LSES), a five-year exploration of those factors that make some of Louisiana's schools more effective than others in educating students. The pilot year of the project was conducted in the Caddo Parish School System and accomplished two tasks:…

Louisiana State Dept. of Education, Baton Rouge.

216

Three-Year Results of the Friendly Schools Whole-of-School Intervention on Children's Bullying Behaviour  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A group randomized controlled trial tested the efficacy of the Friendly Schools program to reduce student bullying behaviour. This socio-ecological intervention targeted the whole school, classroom, family, and individual students to reduce bullying behaviour. Self-report data were collected in 29 schools over three years from a cohort of 1968…

Cross, Donna; Monks, Helen; Hall, Marg; Shaw, Therese; Pintabona, Yolanda; Erceg, Erin; Hamilton, Greg; Roberts, Clare; Waters, Stacey; Lester, Leanne

2011-01-01

217

Relational Trust and Knowledge Sharing: An Investigation of Principal Trust and School Social Networks  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Trust among teachers is an important aspect of the capacity for reform in schools. In previous research, trust has traditionally been considered as a monolithic variable that characterizes this special element as a relationship across a school (Bryk & Schneider, 2002, 2003; Goddard, 2003; Kochanek, 2005). However, this study proposes that the…

Liou, Yi-Hwa

2010-01-01

218

EXTENDED SCHOOL YEAR DESIGNS--AN INTRODUCTION TO NEW PLANS OF SCHOOL ORGANIZATION WHICH CAN RESULT IN FINANCIAL ECONOMIES AND PROVIDE MORE EDUCATION FOR ALL PUPILS.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

THIS REPORT EXPLORES PLANS OF ELEMENTARY AND SECONDARY SCHOOL ORGANIZATION BASED UPON THE LENGTHENING OF THE SCHOOL YEAR TO REDUCE BY ONE OR MORE YEARS THE TOTAL PERIOD OF SCHOOLING. PRACTICAL INFORMATION IS PRESENTED CONCERNING (1) THE CONTINUOUS SCHOOL YEAR PLAN, (2) THE TRIMESTER PLAN, (3) THE QUADRIMESTER PLAN, (4) THE MODIFIED SUMMER SCHOOL

THOMAS, GEORGE ISAIAH

219

Attitudes of Pontiac Secondary School Students: The Second Year of Desegregated Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Pontiac schools were desegregated prior to the 1971-72 school year. Annual attitude surveys have been conducted to assess the impact of desegregation on parents, students, and staff. This report presents data on the attitudes and opinions of secondary school students concerning desegregation, school structure and climate, and interpersonal…

Pontiac City School District, MI.

220

Preliminary Findings from a Five-Year Study of the Coalition of Essential Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Summarizes findings of a five-year study of eight schools participating in the Coalition of Essential Schools/Education of the States Re:Learning project. Most schools appeared to lack consensus about the need for fundamental changes in school structure or teaching practices; changes began slowly, with individual or small-group efforts that…

Muncey, Donna E.; McQuillan, Patrick J.

1993-01-01

221

Black Mesa Community School: Ten Years Later. A Progress Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Black Mesa Community School, serving elementary school children in an isolated district of the Arizona Navajo reservation, represents the first step in Indian self-determination for area Navajos. The school is the result of community efforts begun in 1972 with a petition to operate a full-time school program for grades K-4 at Kitsilee.…

Black Mesa Community School Board, Inc., Chinle, AZ.

222

Push Is on to Add Time to School Day, Year  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Policymakers are promoting expanded learning time to help low-performing students, but the know-how and resources for implementation are lacking. Providence's expanded-school-day pilot is a partnership between the school district and the Providence After School Alliance, a nonprofit that manages after-school programs for low-income students in…

Fleming, Nora

2011-01-01

223

Blank Slate: The Story of A Charter School's First Year  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This Website posts articles from the New York Times' ongoing series on a charter school in the Bronx established last Fall. In addition to showcasing regular feature articles from the Times about the school's students, teachers, administrators, and environment, the site offers copies of the school's original charter documents, examples of students' written work, lesson plans, faculty bios, the school's newsletter, and video selections from the school's Martin Luther King Jr. Birthday Celebration. Also posted are state-by-state data on charter schools and a graph showing the growth of charter schools nationwide. The site serves as a fine journalistic case study.

Wilgoren, Jodi.

2001-01-01

224

Revenues and Expenditures for Public Elementary and Secondary School Districts: School Year 2009-10 (Fiscal Year 2010): First Look. NCES 2013-307  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report presents data from the School District Finance Survey (F-33) of the Common Core of Data (CCD) survey system for school year (SY) 2009-10, fiscal year 2010 (FY 10). The F-33 is a district-level financial survey that consists of data submitted annually to the National Center for Education Statistics (NCES) and the Governments Division of…

Cornman, Stephen Q.

2013-01-01

225

Revenues and Expenditures for Public Elementary and Secondary School Districts: School Year 2008-09 (Fiscal Year 2009). First Look. NCES 2012-313  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report presents data from the School District Finance Survey (F-33) of the Common Core of Data (CCD) survey system for school year (SY) 2008-09 (fiscal year [FY] 2009). The F-33 is a district-level financial survey that consists of data submitted annually to the National Center for Education Statistics (NCES) and the Governments Division of…

Cornman, Stephen Q.; Noel, Amber M.

2011-01-01

226

Changes in Weight over the School Year and Summer Vacation: Results of a 5-Year Longitudinal Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Evidence suggests that children gain more weight during the summer months compared with the school year. To examine the impact of the school and summer environment on children's weight further, we conducted a 5-year longitudinal study examining changes in standardized BMI (zBMI) of students entering kindergarten. Methods: Heights…

Moreno, Jennette P.; Johnston, Craig A.; Woehler, Deborah

2013-01-01

227

Public School Size and Hispanic Student Achievement in Texas: A 5-Year Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this study, the researchers examined 5 years of Texas statewide data concerning elementary school size and Hispanic student performance on three state-mandated assessments in reading, mathematics, and writing. For each year of data analyzed here, student data from more than 1,200 elementary schools. After collapsing elementary schools into…

Zoda, Pamela; Slate, John R.; Combs, Julie P.

2011-01-01

228

Finding Ways to Effectively Use Year 12 Achievement Data to Inform Practice in Secondary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This action research explored how Year 12 achievement data were used by school personnel to inform practice within seven Catholic secondary schools. Deputy Principals of Curriculum from participating schools were interviewed regarding their perceptions of the improvement of Year 12 student achievement outcomes, and their insights into how to…

Italiano, Frank; Hine, Gregory

2014-01-01

229

Year-Round Schooling as an Avenue to Major Structural Reform.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Three elementary schools with very different characteristics extended their school years to approximately 223 days, with concomitant changes in funding and salaries. All three demonstrated increases in academic achievement, parent and teacher satisfaction, and cost-effective use of facilities. Implications for reform and year-round schooling are…

Gandara, Patricia; Fish, Judy

1994-01-01

230

Squashing the Millennium Bug: A Year 2000 Compliance Guide for Elementary/Secondary Schools and School Districts.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide was developed to assist the nation's elementary and secondary schools and school districts address their Year 2000 (Y2K) problem. The guide is divided into three sections: Squashing the Millennium Bug Step-by-Step; Remediating Specific Types of Systems; and Appendix. The first chapter presents the following steps for tackling the Year

Root, Mark; Carlson, Robert; Dexter, David; Karinch, Samantha; Kaplan, Heather

231

Gallup Goes to School: The Importance of Confidence Intervals for Evaluation "Adequate Yearly Progress" in Small Schools. Policy Brief  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Indicators of school-level achievement, such as the percentage of students who are proficient in a particular content area, are subject to random year-to-year variation in much the same way that the results of an opinion poll will vary from one random sample to another. This random variation, which is more pronounced for a small school, should be…

Coladarci, Theodore

2003-01-01

232

Forty Years of School Readiness Research: What Have We Learned?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The issue of children's school readiness concerns parents and teachers worldwide. Kindergarten teachers have reported that approximately one-third of U.S. children entering school are ill-prepared to achieve success. Experts also warn that many children are entering school lacking the fundamental skills to achieve academic success. It is…

Winter, Suzanne M.; Kelley, Michael F.

2008-01-01

233

The School Meals Initiative Implementation Study. First Year Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report, authorized by the Food and Nutrition Service of the U.S. Department of Agriculture, contains information on the School Meals Initiative for Healthy Children (SMI), a reform of school-meals programs aimed at upgrading the nutritional content of school meals. The purpose of the study was to describe and evaluate: (1) overall…

Abraham, Sameer; Chattopadhyay, Manas; Sullivan, Colleen; Mallory, Larry; Steiger, Darby Miller; Daft, Lynn; Arcos, Alyssa; Wilbraham, Brooke

234

Central Falls High School: First Year Transformation Report  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In January 2010, the Rhode Island Department of Education (RIDE) identified Central Falls High School (CFHS) as one of the state's persistently lowest-achieving schools. The Central Falls School District (CFSD) and the Central Falls Teachers Union (CFTU) considered the transformation model but could not come to an agreement initially around…

Burns, Amy; Whitney, Joye; Shah, Hardeek; Foley, Ellen; Dure, Elsa

2011-01-01

235

Expanding Schooling Opportunities for 4-Year-Olds  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We use a novel quasi-experimental strategy to estimate the effect of expanding early schooling enrollment possibilities on early achievement. It exploits two features of the school system in The Netherlands. The first is rolling admissions; children are allowed to start school immediately after their 4th birthday instead of at the beginning of the…

Leuven, Edwin; Lindahl, Mikael; Oosterbeek, Hessel; Webbink, Dinand

2010-01-01

236

Pennsylvania Advancement School: Report on the First Two Years.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report of the Pennsylvania Advancement School is based on its activities covering the period September, 1967 through June, 1969. The School is an experimental, curriculum and staff development institution whcih has seventh and eight grade underachieving boys from Philadelphia public and parochial schools as its student body. In addition to…

Pennsylvania Advancement School, Philadelphia.

237

Stability and Change in Rural Youths' Educational outcomes through the Middle and High School Years  

PubMed Central

There is a dearth of literature that examines rural youths’ school transition and adaptation over the middle and high school years. Given rural education challenges, this study examines rural youths’ developmental trajectories of self-reported grades and affective and behavioral educational outcomes (i.e., school belonging, value of education, school misbehavior, and extracurricular activity participation). The cohort-sequential study consisted of 3,312 African American and White youth (50% female) who were surveyed over three and a half years, including the transition to high school. The results reveal significant changes in the outcomes from sixth to twelfth grade. For example, on average, school misbehavior increased over time while perceived school belonging decreased over time. Gender and race differences emerged; African American youth reported placing higher importance on education and less participation in school activities than White youth. The discussion focuses on the importance of examining rural adolescents’ educational pathways during the high school transition.

Witherspoon, Dawn; Ennett, Susan

2014-01-01

238

Overview of Public Elementary and Secondary Schools and Districts: School Year 1999-2000.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Summarizes universe data on public schools and local education agencies (primarily school districts). Includes national and state data on the number, type, and size of schools and districts, as well as selected student characteristics. (Author)

Hoffman, Lee M.

2001-01-01

239

History Jobs Decline 15% after Years of Growth  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reports that a five-year stretch of steady growth in the job market for academic historians is over. The number of job advertisements colleges have posted with the American Historical Association so far this academic year is down 15 percent from last year--the first decline since a slump that occurred in 2001-2002 and 2002-2003. The…

Wilson, Robin

2009-01-01

240

A Curriculum for a Three Year High School Science Research Program  

Microsoft Academic Search

A three-year high school science research program has been taught in Woodbridge Township School District - Woodbridge, New Jersey, since 1987. The program's focus is to foster originial science research projects for high school students that have shown an aptitude and an interest in science. Students are instructed in basic research skills, including developing and conducting original research projects, statistical

F. Darytichen; J. Danch

2003-01-01

241

Student performance in first-year physics: does high school matter?  

Microsoft Academic Search

At The University of Sydney, approximately one in four first-year physics students have not studied senior high school physics. Previous studies have concluded that taking a high school physics course has a positive effect on student performance in undergraduate physics. To our knowledge, no study has examined whether students who do not study senior high school physics are negatively affected

Manjula Sharma

242

The Detroit Effective Schools Project: Year 1 Evaluation Report, 1986-87.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Key results and conclusions from the first year (1986-87) of the Detroit (Michigan) Effective Schools Project are presented. The project was designed to determine how low-achieving schools in Detroit can best be helped and to ascertain factors with greatest impact on retention and achievement. Focus is on assisting selected schools designated as…

Green, Robert L.; And Others

243

FORTY YEARS OF SCHOOL PLANT DISSERTATIONS. A REVIEW WITH SUGGESTIONS FOR FUTURE RESEARCH.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A BIBLIOGRAPHIC REVIEW OF PUBLISHED AND UNPUBLISHED DISSERTATIONS RELATED TO SCHOOL PLANTS IS COMPILED BY YEARS BEGINNING WITH STUDIES PRODUCED IN 1921 AND IS CROSS INDEXED BY TOPIC. IT REVIEWS THE SCHOOL PLANT PROBLEMS MOST INVESTIGATED BY STUDENTS. A BRIEF HISTORY OF SCHOOL BUILDING DEVELOPMENT IS PRESENTED IN LIGHT OF CORRESPONDING ECONOMIC AND…

CLASEN, ROBERT E.

244

A Study of Professional Staff Turnover in Catskill Area Schools for the Year Ending June 1968.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The professional staff in 33 Catskill Area School Study Council and peripheral area schools for the year ending June 1968 consisted of 70 administrators, 1,557 classroom teachers, and 131 persons in other professional staff capacities. The schools ranged in enrollment from 233 to 3,033. Of the 261 professional staff involved in the total turnover,…

Heldman, Lawrence J.

245

Public Elementary and Secondary Education Statistics: School Year 1996-97. Early Estimates.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The estimates in this publication are key statistics reported before the close of the 1996-97 school year. They include the number of students in membership, teachers, and high school graduates for public elementary and secondary schools, and total revenu...

L. M. McDowell

1997-01-01

246

Changing Times, Changing Minds: The Consultation Process in Considering Year-Round Schooling.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A review of literature on year-round schooling (YRS) points to the necessity of participant involvement in the change process. This document focuses on the story of one Ontario school board's deliberations around modifying the school calendar. Following the introduction, part 1 provides a background of YRS, its claims and criticisms, and…

Weiss, Joel; Coryell, Jane

247

Annual Report: Discipline, Crime, and Violence, School Year 2010-2011  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The "Code of Virginia" (Section 22.1-279.3:1) requires school divisions statewide to submit data to the Virginia Department of Education (VDOE) on incidents of discipline, crime, and violence (DCV). School divisions began reporting such data in 1991. This annual report focuses primarily on DCV data submitted for school year 2010-2011, with…

Virginia Department of Education, 2012

2012-01-01

248

Annual Report: Discipline, Crime, and Violence, School Year 2007-2008  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The "Code of Virginia" requires school divisions statewide to submit data to the Virginia Department of Education (VDOE) on incidents of discipline, crime, and violence (DCV). School divisions began reporting such data in 1991. This annual report focuses primarily on DCV data submitted for school year 2007-2008, with selected comparisons to prior…

Virginia Department of Education, 2009

2009-01-01

249

Annual Report: Discipline, Crime, and Violence, School Year 2009-2010  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The "Code of Virginia" requires school divisions statewide to submit data to the Virginia Department of Education (VDOE) on incidents of discipline, crime, and violence (DCV). School divisions began reporting such data in 1991. This annual report focuses primarily on DCV data submitted for school year 2009-2010, with selected comparisons to prior…

Virginia Department of Education, 2011

2011-01-01

250

Annual Report: Discipline, Crime, and Violence, School Year 2008-2009  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The "Code of Virginia" requires school divisions statewide to submit data to the Virginia Department of Education (VDOE) on incidents of discipline, crime, and violence (DCV). School divisions began reporting such data in 1991. This annual report focuses primarily on DCV data submitted for school year 2008-2009, with selected comparisons to prior…

Virginia Department of Education, 2011

2011-01-01

251

Mass Media Education; Curriculum Guidelines for Primary Schools, Years 1-6.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An analysis of media education in the primary schools is presented in this curriculum guide. The impact of mass media on Australian school children in the elementary school years is explored and the contents include: (1) major assumptions, (2) preamble to the course, (3) desired outcome of the course, (4) questions for class discussion for lower…

Canavan, Kelvin B.

252

Modified School Years: An Important Issue of Local Control of Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Modified school years in First Nation schools contextualize the learning process by allowing student participation in traditional, seasonal, outdoor activities. Two case studies in which Hudson Bay area school officials unilaterally reintroduced the conventional calendar illustrate the important roles that First Nations education authorities can…

Tsuji, Leonard J. S.

2000-01-01

253

How Is the Approach to Teaching at Secondary School Related to First-Year University Achievement?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study presented here is an elaboration on recent educational effectiveness research focusing on long-term school effects. Central in this study is the approach to teaching at secondary schools and its relation to student perception of the fit between school and university and 1st-year academic achievement. Based on previous research, a coding…

Torenbeek, Marjolein; Jansen, Ellen P. W. A.; Hofman, W. H. Adriaan

2011-01-01

254

Beyond High School, before Baccalaureate: Meaningful Alternatives to a Four-Year Degree  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents 2011 edition of "Diplomas Count" which explores career-related study pathways for students that lie in the space between a high school diploma and a four-year degree-options such as community college, "early college," or high school career training that leads to occupational certification. It looks as well at what high schools

Education Week, 2011

2011-01-01

255

Some Effects of Schooling: A Three Year Follow-Up of a Title III Project.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents an evaluation of a 3-year Title III project carried out in the Vigo County School Cooperation, Terre Haute, Indiana. The project involved the evaluation of three differing instructional methodologies utilized in three elementary schools which also differed in the socioeconomic background of the students. The Dixie Bee school,…

Barclay, James R.; And Others

256

Year-One Evaluation of French in the Elementary Schools. Research Report 75-17.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

During the 1974-1975 school year eight itinerant French teachers travelled among 20 elementary schools teaching oral French to Grade 6 and Grade 7 students. Each teacher was responsible for two or three schools, The course was based on the book Le Francais Partout-Cours Preliminaire (1967) ed.). The study described in this report was initiated to…

Gleadow, N. E.

257

Student-Level Analysis of Year 2 (2004-2005) Achievement Outcomes for Tennessee Charter Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report presents student-level achievement results for two groups of schools in Tennessee: (a) four charter schools that began operation in 2003-2004; and (b) three new charter schools that were established in 2004-2005. These two cohorts were therefore completing their second and first academic years, respectively, at the time the achievement…

Ross, Steven M.; McDonald, Aaron J.; McSparrin-Gallagher, Brenda; Slawson, Deborah L.

2006-01-01

258

Motivating and Improving Attitudes to Reading in the Final Years of Primary Schooling in Five New Zealand Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Teachers are influential in motivating and improving attitudes towards reading. This article reports on an investigation of eight teachers of 10- to 12-year-old students from five New Zealand schools and the strategies they used to improve attitudes to reading. Each school had been identified as implementing effective reading programmes by a panel…

Fletcher, Jo; Grimley, Michael; Greenwood, Janinka; Parkhill, Faye

2012-01-01

259

Primary School, School-Based Decision Making, Family Resource/Youth Services Centers. First Year Reports to the Prichard Committee.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

These three reports by national consultants assess first year progress in implementing state mandated educational reforms in Kentucky. First, "The Status of Primary School Reform in Kentucky and Its Implications," by James Rath, Lilian Katz, and John Fanning, reports on site visits to 14 public schools to assess progress in implementing the…

Raths, James; And Others

260

Public High School Dropouts and Completers from the Common Core of Data: School Year 2000-01. Statistical Analysis Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report presents the number and percentage of students dropping out of and completing public school for the 2000-2001 school year. Information came from the Common Core of Data (CCD) surveys, which provide basic data on public K-12 institutions, students, and staff. A total of 45 states reported dropouts using the CCD definition. The 9th-12th…

Young, Beth Aronstamm

261

An Evaluation of the Model School Division (MSD) Preschool Program for the School Year 1973-74.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study was designed to assess the extent to which children served by the Model Schools Division Preschool Program developed socially, intellectually, physically and emotionally during the 1973-74 school year. This evaluation was also designed to measure the appropriateness of the learning environment and the amount of services provided by the…

District of Columbia Public Schools, Washington, DC. Dept. of Research and Evaluation.

262

Key Statistics on Public Elementary and Secondary Schools and Agencies: School Year 1995-96. Survey Report.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

During the 1995-96 school year, there were more than 16,000 local education agencies in the 50 states and the District of Columbia, and almost 15,000 of these were regular school districts directly responsible for providing free, public education to pupil...

L. M. Hoffman

1999-01-01

263

Students' and Parents' Perceptions about Working Part-Time during the School Year in Tennessee Public High Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study was conducted to secure baseline data on Tennessee public high school students working during the school year, to ascertain and compare the students' and parents' opinions on a 31-item questionnaire, and to project the earnings and sales tax contributions of the students. A predetermined sample size was established in order to infer the…

McNelly, Don E.; And Others

264

Key Statistics on Public Elementary and Secondary Schools and Agencies: School Year 1997-98. Survey Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report provides basic information about public elementary and secondary schools and education agencies during the 1997-1998 and 1996-1997 school years. The data describe the numbers and types of these institutions, their students, and staff. The purpose is to make this information easily accessible through a number of summary tables. The…

Hoffman, Lee M.

265

Montana High School Dropout Rates by Race/Ethnicity, 2002-03 School Year  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Montana School Accreditation Standards (10.55.603, ARM) require schools to do follow-up studies of graduates and students no longer in attendance, therefore, dropout data is collected from all public and accredited (by the Montana Board of Public Education) nonpublic schools. Each fall, schools report dropout data for grades 7 through 12 by…

McCulloch, Linda

2004-01-01

266

Examining relationships among elementary schools' contexts, leadership, instructional practices, and added-year outcomes: a regression discontinuity approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study proposes and tests a multilevel structural model of school context, composition, and school leadership on school instructional practices and outcomes in elementary schools in a western state in the United States. We focus on direct and indirect relationships implied in our proposed model using an “added year of schooling” in reading and math as our primary school-level outcomes.

Ronald H. Heck; Karen Moriyama

2010-01-01

267

The First Year of AHERA: Are Our Schools in Compliance?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An inspection of 138 New Jersey school buildings revealed that a significant percentage of school officials do not have a good understanding of their asbestos management plan and, therefore, are failing to meet all of the Asbestos Hazard Emergency Response Act's requirements. (MLF)

Petix, Julie; And Others

1991-01-01

268

Effective Schools Research: Twenty-Years of Debate.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The origin of effective schools research (ESR) is discussed in the context of a review of the pertinent literature. Debates over this topic have involved impacts on student achievement, methodology, the allegations of the Coleman report, and various effective school models. The Coleman Report (1966) concluded that family background was the…

Schmitt, Dorren Rafael

269

Diversifying Our Great City School Teachers: Twenty Year Trends.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report reviews and analyzes data and issues affecting the supply and demand for teachers in urban public schools for the past, present, and future. The demography of urban teachers does not match that of students. While students of color made up 74.7 percent of all students in the Great City Schools, teachers of color were only 37.9 percent…

Urban Indicator, 1993

1993-01-01

270

School Volunteer Program. A Two-Year Evaluation Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report evaluates a volunteer program established in the Bartholomew Consolidated School Corporation in Columbus, Indiana. Areas identified for evaluation were (1) the fulfillment or achievement of program objectives; (2) measurable differences in volunteers' attitudes toward the schooling process and parenting skills, as well as their…

Bartholomew Consolidated School Corp., Columbus, IN.

271

School Finance and Energy through the Year 2000.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Since the publication of the original report, entitled "Fiscal Profile of America's Public Schools, 1981-85, and Associated Energy Implications," the national school revenue picture reveals: (1) a decline in federal aid to education, (2) a decline in state fiscal capacity, (3) a reduction in the state-local portion of public l 826/827 sector…

Hansen (Shirley J.) Associates, Inc., Lake Jackson, TX.

272

Boston Desegregation: The First Term, 1974-75 School Year.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Since February 1974, the Freedom House Institute on Schools and Education has been attempting to chip away at the walls that divide people from their educational opportunities, by providing the information which they must have in order to deal effectively with the Boston Public School System and related educational resources. This brochure is an…

Freedom House Inst. on Schools and Education, Roxbury, MA.

273

Measuring School Effectiveness in Memphis--Year 2. Final Report  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

New Leaders for New Schools, a nonprofit organization committed to training school principals, heads the Effective Practices Incentive Community (EPIC), an initiative that offers financial awards to effective educators. New Leaders and its partner organizations have received from the U.S. Department of Education tens of millions of dollars in…

Potamites, Liz; Chaplin, Duncan; Isenberg, Eric; Booker, Kevin

2009-01-01

274

Does school environment affect 11-year-olds' fruit and vegetable intake in Denmark?  

PubMed

It is often found that adolescents eat too little fruit and vegetables. We examined the importance of school for 11-year-olds' daily intake measured by food frequency- and 24-h recall questionnaires in Danish data from the European 2003 Pro Children Survey. Multilevel logistic regression analyses included matched student-parent-school questionnaire data (N=1410) from a random sample of 59 schools and were conducted for fruit and vegetables separately: 1) without explanatory variables, to decompose the between-school and within-school variance; 2) with individual level covariates (socioeconomic position, parental intake, etc.) to examine if the between-school variance was attributable to different student compositions of schools; and 3) with individual- and school-level covariates (school availability of fruit/vegetables and unhealthy food) to examine the effect of context. Additional analyses stratified by gender and home availability of fruit/vegetables examined if school food availability influenced subgroups differently. Between-school variations were quantified by intra class correlations and median odds ratios. We found that 40% of the students ate > or = 200 g fruit/day and 25% ate > or = 130 g vegetables/day. Most of the total variance in students' intake occurred at the individual level (93-98%). There were larger between-school variations in vegetable intake than in fruit intake. Fruit and vegetable consumption clustered within schools to a larger degree for boys than girls. The between-school variance did not differ by home availability. Boys and students from high availability homes consumed more fruit and/or vegetables if enrolled in schools with access to fruit/vegetables and unhealthy food or contrarily with no food available versus schools with only fruit/vegetables available. The small school-level effects on 11-year-olds' fruit and vegetable intake imply that family level interventions may be more important and that the success of school interventions will rely on the degree of parental involvement. PMID:19251345

Krølner, Rikke; Due, Pernille; Rasmussen, Mette; Damsgaard, Mogens Trab; Holstein, Bjørn E; Klepp, Knut-Inge; Lynch, John

2009-04-01

275

Using State Child Labor Laws to Identify the Effect of School-Year Work on High School Achievement  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article uses variation in the labor supply of twelfth-grade students created by interstate variations in child labor laws to estimate the effect of school-year work on twelfth-grade math achievement. The instrumental variable estimates in this article indicate that an exogenous decrease in school-year hours worked of 10 hours per week would result in a 0.2 standard deviation increase in

2003-01-01

276

Creating Schools That Support Success for English Language Learners. Lessons Learned. Volume 1, Issue 2  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The past two decades have brought the second largest wave of immigration in U.S. history. This has led to a rapid and unprecedented influx of immigrants to the Pacific Northwest as well as a rise in the number of English language learners (ELLs) in schools. Between 2002-2003 and 2007-2008, the Northwest's annual growth in ELL enrollment was nearly…

Stepanek, Jennifer; Raphael, Jacqueline

2010-01-01

277

Assessment of High Rates of Precocious Male Maturation in a Spring Chinook Salmon Supplementation Hatchery Program, Annual Report 2002-2003.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Yakima River Spring Chinook Salmon Supplementation Project in Washington State is currently one of the most ambitious efforts to enhance a natural salmon population in the United States. Over the past five years we have conducted research to character...

B. Beckman D. Larsen K. Cooper

2003-01-01

278

High School Social Climate and Antisocial Behavior: A 10 Year Longitudinal and Multilevel Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A longitudinal and multilevel approach is used to examine the relationship between antisocial behavior during adolescence and high school social climate. The data are taken from a longitudinal study of 1,233 boys and girls who attended 217 public and private high schools. Students' disruptive behaviors were assessed yearly from 6 to 12 years of…

Leblanc, Line; Swisher, Raymond; Vitaro, Frank; Tremblay, Richard E.

2008-01-01

279

Early Estimates of Public Elementary and Secondary Education Statistics: School Year 1998-99. Early Estimates.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The early estimates system from which the data for this report is gathered allows the National Center for Education Statistics (NCES) to publish selected key statistics during the school year in which they are reported. This publication contains the key statistics for the 1998-99 school year. They include the numbers of students in membership,…

McDowell, Lena M.

280

The Virginia Beach 45-15 School Year: Administrators' and Supervisors' Reactions.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Virginia Beach School System administrators and supervisors were personally interviewed about their reactions to the first year of the 45-15 plan where students attend school 45 days and break 15 days year round. Opinions were expressed about the increase and utilization of space, problems of maintaining proportional enrollments, rising time…

Galfo, Armand; Ries, Roger

281

Assessing the Mathematical Thinking of Young Children in New Zealand: The Initial School Years  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper provides an overview of assessment policy and practice in mathematics for early years classrooms in New Zealand between 1993 and the present day. It describes the introduction of school entry assessment for children starting school at age five. A numeracy initiative, the Numeracy Development Projects (NDP), for students in Years 1-10…

Young-Loveridge, Jenny

2011-01-01

282

First Year Evaluation IPI Mathematics Project, Hall School 1969-1970.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A three-year Individually Prescribed Instruction (IPI) project in mathematics was initiated at Hall Elementary School in Minneapolis, September 1969, under ESEA Title I funding. Hall School is in a low income area of the city and nearly all children in the project were considered educationally disadvantaged. First year evaluation results show that…

Hestwood, Diana

283

Expanding the Work: Year II of Collaborative Coaching and Learning in the Effective Practice Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study continued the evaluation of the Collaborative Coaching and Learning (CCL) initiative in Effective Practice (EP) Schools in the Boston Public Schools, Massachusetts by examining the practices and outcomes of the second year. First year data led evaluators to conclude that the CCL model was basically sound and that it showed promise for…

Neufeld, Barbara; Roper, Dana

284

The First-Year Urban High School Teacher: Holding the Torch, Lighting the Fire  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The book tracks co-author Paul Weinberg during his first year of teaching as he is introduced to the daily tribulations of an urban Los Angeles high school. Paul's father Carl Weinberg, who fifty years earlier himself began his career in education an urban secondary school teacher, shares his experiences side-by-side with those of his son.…

Weinberg, Paul J.; Weinberg, Carl

2008-01-01

285

School Context Protective Factors Against Peer Ethnic Discrimination Across the High School Years  

Microsoft Academic Search

Ethnically diverse high school contexts present unique social opportunities for youth to form interethnic relationships, but\\u000a they may also subject students to certain social challenges such as peer ethnic discrimination. With a sample of 1,072 high\\u000a school students (55% girls; 54% Latino, 20% African American, 14% Asian, 12% White) attending 84 high schools, school context\\u000a factors that protect students’ exposure

Amy Bellmore; Adrienne Nishina; Ji-in You; Ting-Lan Ma

286

[Individual plan for school integration of students living with a chronic disease: four years of experience].  

PubMed

We developed the Individual plan for school integration (projet d'accueil individualisé, PAI) to promote quality of life and school and social integration of the increasing number of children living with a chronic disease. The PAI is utilized in every child with a chronic disease having an impact on his schooling, and defines the child's specific health needs, treatments and measures necessary at school. It clarifies the roles and responsibilities of partners involved. The number of PAl increases since its creation in 2004. Its prevalence is 1% for pre-school and primary, 0.6% for low secondary (12-14 years old) and 0.2% for post-mandatory schools. Its utility is acknowledged by families, schools and child's doctors. It reassures parents and teachers and develops a better knowledge of the children with chronic diseases at school. PMID:19947455

Bittar-Fulpius, L; Jodry, H; Jeannot, E; Duperrex, O

2009-10-21

287

Guidelines for Charter School Annual Reports, 2005-2006 School Year  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Annual Report is a critical document in charter school accountability; it is intended to be a clear, concise report regarding school performance and its success in meeting Accountability Plan goals. The formatting for each school's report may be unique; however, there are required elements set forth in this document that must be included in…

Massachusetts Department of Education, 2005

2005-01-01

288

Measuring School and Teacher Effectiveness in EPIC Charter School Consortium--Year 2. Final Report  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

New Leaders for New Schools, a nonprofit organization committed to training school principals, heads the Effective Practices Incentive Community (EPIC), an initiative that offers financial awards to effective educators. Through this initiative, New Leaders offers financial awards to educators in two urban school districts and a consortium of…

Potamites, Liz; Booker, Kevin; Chaplin, Duncan; Isenberg, Eric

2009-01-01

289

How the Coalition Campus Schools Have Re-Imagined High School: Seven Years Later.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 1992, a collaboration of educational reform organizations, the New York City Board of Education, a teachers' union, and private funders created a model of urban high school reform that was practitioner-driven. Two failing high schools, one in Manhattan and one in the Bronx, were phased out while 11 new, small autonomous high schools were…

Ancess, Jacqueline; Ort, Suzanna Wichterle

290

Summary of Alaska's Public School Districts' Report Cards to the Public: School Year 1995-96.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report summarizes statewide data and individual school district performance for Alaska's 53 school districts and addresses how well the districts are meeting the goals of the Alaska Quality Schools Initiative. The report is divided into four sections that address the four components of the initiative: high student academic standards and…

Alaska State Dept. of Education, Juneau.

291

Motor skills and school performance in children with daily physical education in school--a 9-year intervention study.  

PubMed

The aim was to study long-term effects on motor skills and school performance of increased physical education (PE). All pupils born 1990-1992 from one school were included in a longitudinal study over nine years. An intervention group (n = 129) achieved daily PE (5 × 45 min/week) and if needed one extra lesson of adapted motor training. The control group (n = 91) had PE two lessons/week. Motor skills were evaluated by the Motor Skills Development as Ground for Learning observation checklist and school achievements by marks in Swedish, English, Mathematics, and PE and proportion of pupils who qualified for upper secondary school. In school year 9 there were motor skills deficits in 7% of pupils in the intervention group compared to 47% in the control group (P < 0.001), 96% of the pupils in the intervention group compared to 89% in the control group (P < 0.05) qualified for upper secondary school. The sum of evaluated marks was higher among boys in the intervention group than in the control group (P < 0.05). The sum of marks was also higher in pupils with no motor skills deficit than among pupils with motor skills deficits (P < 0.01), as was the proportion of pupils who qualified for upper secondary school (97% vs 81%, P < 0.001). Daily PE and adapted motor skills training during the compulsory school years is a feasible way to improve not only motor skills but also school performance and the proportion of pupils who qualify for upper secondary school. PMID:22487170

Ericsson, I; Karlsson, M K

2014-04-01

292

What number knowledge is possessed by children beginning the kindergarten year of school?  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Forty-five children, fifteen from each of two kindergarten year classes from different schools, and fifteen from a year one class from one of those schools, were interviewed to assess their knowledge of number word sequences and spatial patterns, and ability to recognise numerals and use counting to establish the numerosity of visible and screened collections. The schools were selected as typifying contrasting socio-economic levels. Five models, each of a different aspect of number development, and each containing up to five levels or stages, were used to generate for each child, a profile of numerical development. This led to consideration of the variations of children's number knowledge, within and between year levels and schools. Findings included a wide variation in the number knowledge of children beginning the kindergarten year, greater variation in the lower socio-economic school, and evidence that the kindergarten year mathematics curriculum is most suited to the least advanced.

Wright, Bob

1991-02-01

293

Walden International Baccalaureate Middle Years Programme, 1996-97. The First Year of Consideration on the International Baccalaureate Middle Years Programme and School Reform.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In early 1996, the Atlanta school board approved a plan to reconstitute Walden Middle School, opening it to students across the city and substantially changing the composition of the faculty. This report for 1996-97 recounts the first year of the reform effort, during which all positions were declared vacant and a new staff and faculty were…

Popwell, Emma P.; Amuleru-Marshall, Nancy; Canada, Benjamin O.

294

Academic achievement in the high school years: the changing role of school engagement.  

PubMed

School engagement is an important theoretical and practical cornerstone to the promotion of academic accomplishments. This article used a tripartite-behavioral, emotional, and cognitive-model of school engagement to assess the relationship between school engagement and academic success among high school students, and to determine whether a reciprocal relationship exists between these constructs. Data were derived from 710 youth (69 % female) who took part in Waves 6 through 8 (Grades 10 through 12) of the 4-H study of positive youth development. Longitudinal confirmatory factor analyses confirmed the invariance of the tripartite model of school engagement. Results of a structural equation model showed that the components of school engagement and academic achievement were mutually predictive and that these predictions varied from grade to grade. Future possibilities for evaluating the relationship between school engagement and academic achievement, as well as the implications for educational policy and practice, are discussed. PMID:24477498

Chase, Paul A; Hilliard, Lacey J; John Geldhof, G; Warren, Daniel J A; Lerner, Richard M

2014-06-01

295

Experiences from 10 years of school programmes at GEOMAR Kiel  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

GEOMAR Helmholtz Centre for Ocean Research Kiel, Germany, started a programme of cooperations with secondary schools in 2003, which has been expanding continually since that time. By active involvement of teachers and students, the Centre's research topics are communicated to schools, and young people are encouraged to develop their interest for biogeosciences. The portfolio of activities includes: project work with schools over periods from one day to several months, individual student theses at the research centre, internships, a weekly "Research Club" allowing individual experiments, summer school programmes, teacher training courses, joint activities with international partners and a video-project in which students portray scientific aspects of oceanic oxygen minimum zones (in the context of the Collaborative Research Center SFB 754) to other students. Essential prerequisites for these activities are the direct involvement of the Centre's researchers who contribute their expertise and act as role-models for the students, dedicated staff for coordination and continuity, and financial and structural support both at the research centre and the schools.

Dengg, Joachim

2014-05-01

296

What Kind of Job-broker is the Public Employment Service? Evidence from Finnish Job Vacancy Midrodata in 2002-2003  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study analyses the job-broking function of the Finnish Public Employment Service (PES). The empirical analysis is based on the Finnish job vacancy microdata in 2002 and 2003 including information on over 320,000 job vacancies each year. The open job vacancy period, the recruitment duration and various outcomes of the filling process are analysed mainly by applying logit regression estimations.

Heikki Räisänen

2005-01-01

297

National Data on Participation in VET in Schools Programs & School-Based New Apprenticeships for the 2004 School Year  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Early in 2005, the Ministerial Council on Education, Employment, Training and Youth Affairs (MCEETYA) Taskforce on Transition from School collected data on vocational education and training (VET) in Schools from all States and Territories in the following areas: (1) number of students enrolled in VET in Schools programs; (2) industry coverage by…

Ministerial Council on Education, Employment, Training and Youth Affairs (NJ1), 2005

2005-01-01

298

Incidence of first-ever ischemic stroke in the Canton Basle-City, Switzerland: a population-based study 2002/2003.  

PubMed

Our study sought to estimate the incidence rate of first-ever ischemic stroke (FEIS) in the geographically well-defined population of the Canton Basle-City, Switzerland. An one-year prospective population-based study among the permanent residents of the Canton Basle-City (188015 inhabitants, census 2002) was carried out. Multiple overlapping sources of information were used. Stroke was defined according to the WHO criteria. The diagnosis of FEIS was based on clinical assessment and neuroimaging findings. 269 patients (114 males; mean age 72.8, standard deviation (SD) +/- 12 and 155 females; mean age 78.4, SD +/- 11) with FEIS were identified. The overall crude incidence of FEIS amounted to 143 per 100000 population (95% confidence interval (CI) 126 to 160) and it was higher among females (156; 95% CI 132 to 181) than in males (128; 95% CI 105 to 152). The age-specific incidence rates of FEIS approximately doubled with each decade of life, increasing from 17 (95 % CI 2 to 31) among 0-44 years old group to 1034 (95% CI 774 to 1293) for those aged 85 or more years. The overall incidence rate of FEIS adjusted for age to the European standard population was 76 per 100000 inhabitants (95% CI 66 to 86) and it was higher in males-89, 95% CI 72-106-than in females-66, 95 % CI 53-77. Moreover, in comparison with studies from other developed countries (e. g. Germany, Italy, Australia)-carried out in the middle of 1990s-the standardised incidence rates of FEIS were substantially lower in Switzerland. Our results indicate that the risk of ischemic stroke might be low in Switzerland. However, giving a major reduction in the age and gender specific stroke incidence over the past years our findings might-alternatively-mirror this favourable trend. PMID:16133727

Gostynski, Michal; Engelter, Stefan; Papa, Susanna; Ajdacic-Gross, Vladeta; Gutzwiller, Felix; Lyrer, Philippe

2006-01-01

299

Examining Relationships among Elementary Schools' Contexts, Leadership, Instructional Practices, and Added-Year Outcomes: A Regression Discontinuity Approach  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study proposes and tests a multilevel structural model of school context, composition, and school leadership on school instructional practices and outcomes in elementary schools in a western state in the United States. We focus on direct and indirect relationships implied in our proposed model using an "added year of schooling" in reading and…

Heck, Ronald H.; Moriyama, Karen

2010-01-01

300

Staying Cool across the First Year of Middle School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As students transition into middle school they must successfully negotiate a new, larger peer context to attain or maintain high social standing. The goal of this study was to examine the extent to which the maintenance, attainment, and loss of a cool status over the course of the sixth grade is associated with student and classroom levels of…

Bellmore, Amy; Villarreal, Vanessa M.; Ho, Alice Y.

2011-01-01

301

Growing Up in Singapore: The Pre-School Years.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Derived from the first phase of a research study entitled "The Cognitive and Social Development of Pre-School Children in Singapore" (the IE-BvLF study), the essays in this collection focus on the language, numeracy, cognitive, and social development of approximately 3,000 Singapore children between 1983 and 1986. Following a prologue offering an…

Sim, Ko Peng, Ed.; Kam, Ho Wah, Ed.

302

AIRBORNE ASBESTOS CONCENTRATIONS THREE YEARS AFTER ABATEMENT IN SEVENTEEN SCHOOLS  

EPA Science Inventory

From 1988 through 1991, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's Risk Reduction Engineering Laboratory and the New Jersey Department of Health's Environmental Health Service conducted air monitoring in 17 schools in New Jersey to determine the effectiveness of their asbestos c...

303

The Burden of Brown. Thirty Years of School Desegregation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Supreme Court's decision in Brown vs. Board of Education is one of the most important events in the recent history of the United States. Although "Brown" prohibited the use of racial discrimination to separate the races in the Topeka (Kansas) schools, similar cases from Delaware, South Carolina, and Virginia were consolidated on appeal, and a…

Wolters, Raymond

304

Vocabulary Growth and Reading Development across the Elementary School Years  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The associations between vocabulary growth and reading development were examined longitudinally for a representative sample of Dutch children throughout the elementary school period. Data on basic and advanced vocabulary, word decoding, and reading comprehension were collected across the different grades. The results showed significant progress on…

Verhoeven, Ludo; van Leeuwe, Jan; Vermeer, Anne

2011-01-01

305

Assess Current and Potential Salmonid Production in Rattlesnake Creek Associated with Restoration Efforts; US Geological Survey Reports, 2002-2003 Annual Report.  

SciTech Connect

This project was designed to document existing habitat conditions and fish populations within the Rattlesnake Creek watershed (White Salmon River subbasin, Washington) before major habitat restoration activities are implemented and prior to the reintroduction of salmon and steelhead above Condit Dam. Returning adult salmon Oncorhynchus spp. and steelhead O. mykiss have not had access to Rattlesnake Creek since 1913. An assessment of resident trout populations should serve as a good surrogate for evaluation of factors that would limit salmon and steelhead production in the watershed. Personnel from United States Geological Survey's Columbia River Research Laboratory (USGS-CRRL) attend to three main objectives of the Rattlesnake Creek project. The first is to characterize stream and riparian habitat conditions. This effort includes measures of water quality, water quantity, stream habitat, and riparian conditions. The second objective is to determine the status of fish populations in the Rattlesnake Creek drainage. To accomplish this, we derived estimates of salmonid population abundance, determined fish species composition, assessed distribution and life history attributes, obtained tissue samples for genetic analysis, and assessed fish diseases in the watershed. The third objective is to use the collected habitat and fisheries information to help identify and prioritize areas in need of restoration. As this report covers the second year of at least a three-year study, it is largely restricted to describing our efforts and findings for the first two objectives.

Connolly, Patrick J. (US Geological Survey, Columbia River Research Laboratory, Western Fisheries Research Center, Cook, WA)

2003-12-01

306

Design of Value-Added Models for IMPACT and TEAM in DC Public Schools, 2010-2011 School Year. Final Report  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report presents the value-added models that will be used to measure school and teacher effectiveness in the District of Columbia Public Schools (DCPS) in the 2010-2011 school year. It updates the earlier technical report, "Measuring Value Added for IMPACT and TEAM in DC Public Schools." The earlier report described the methods used to…

Isenberg, Eric; Hock, Heinrich

2011-01-01

307

Hood River Steelhead Genetics Study; Relative Reproductive Success of Hatchery and Wild Steelhead in the Hood River, Final Report 2002-2003.  

SciTech Connect

There is a considerable interest in using hatcheries to speed the recovery of wild populations. The Bonneville Power Administration (BPA), under the authority of the Northwest Power Planning Act, is currently funding several hatchery programs in the Columbia Basin as off-site mitigation for impacts to salmon and steelhead caused by the Columbia River federal hydropower system. One such project is located on the Hood River, an Oregon tributary of the Columbia. These hatchery programs cost the region millions of dollars. However, whether such programs actually improve the status of wild fish remains untested. The goal of this project was to evaluate the effectiveness of the Hood River hatchery program as required by the Northwest Power Planning Council Fish and Wildlife Program, by the Oregon Plan for Coastal Salmonids, by NMFS ESA Section 4(d) rulings, and by the Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife (ODFW) Wild Fish Management Policy (OAR 635-07-525 through 529) and the ODFW Hatchery Fish Gene Resource Management Policy (OAR 635-07-540 through 541). The Hood River supports two populations of steelhead, a summer run and a winter run. They spawn only above the Powerdale Dam, which is a complete barrier to all salmonids. Since 1991 every adult passed above the dam has been measured, cataloged and sampled for scales. Therefore, we have a DNA sample from every adult steelhead that went over the dam to potentially spawn in the Hood River from 1991 to the present. Similar numbers of hatchery and wild fish have been passed above the dam during the last decade. During the 1990's 'old' domesticated hatchery stocks of each run (multiple generations in the hatchery, out-of-basin origin; hereafter H{sub old}) were phased out, and conservation hatchery programs were started for the purpose of supplementing the two wild populations (hereafter 'new' hatchery stocks, H{sub new}). These samples gave us the unprecedented ability to estimate, via microsatellite-based pedigree analysis, the relative total reproductive success (adult-to-adult production) of hatchery (H{sub old} or H{sub new}) and wild (W) fish for two populations, over multiple brood years. Our analyses of samples from fish that bred in the early to mid 1990's show that fish of 'old' hatchery stocks have much lower total fitness than wild fish (17% to 54% of wild fitness), but that 'new' stocks have fitness that is similar to that of wild fish (ranging from 85% to 108% of wild fitness, depending on parental gender and run year). Therefore, our results show that the decision to phase out the old, out-of-basin stocks and replace them with new, conservation hatchery stocks was well founded. We also conclude that the H{sub new} fish are leaving behind substantial numbers of wild-born offspring. The similar fitnesses of H{sub new} and W fish suggests that wild-born offspring of H{sub new} fish are unlikely to have negative genetic effects on the population when they in turn spawn in the wild. We will test this hypothesis once enough F2 offspring have returned. Another interesting result is that we were unable to match a large fraction of the unclipped, returning fish with parents from their brood year. Furthermore, we were missing more fathers than mothers. Because we sampled almost every possible anadromous parent, these results suggest that nonanadromous trout or precocious parr may be obtaining a substantial number of matings. Substantial reproduction by precocious parr could be one unintended consequence of the hatchery program.

Blouin, Michael

2003-05-01

308

Estimates of natural ground-water discharge and characterization of water quality in Dry Valley, Washoe County, West-Central Nevada, 2002-2003  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The Dry Valley Hydrographic Area is being considered as a potential source area for additional water supplies for the Reno-Sparks area, which is about 25 miles south of Dry Valley. Current estimates of annual ground-water recharge to Dry Valley have a considerable range. In undeveloped valleys, such as Dry Valley, long-term ground-water discharge can be assumed the same as long-term ground-water recharge. Because estimating ground-water discharge has more certainty than estimating ground-water recharge from precipitation, the U.S. Geological Survey, in cooperation with Washoe County, began a three-year study to re-evaluate the ground-water resources by estimating natural ground-water discharge and characterize ground-water quality in Dry Valley. In Dry Valley, natural ground-water discharge occurs as subsurface outflow and by ground-water evapotranspiration. The amount of subsurface outflow from the upper part of Dry Valley to Winnemucca and Honey Lake Valleys likely is small. Subsurface outflow from Dry Valley westward to Long Valley, California was estimated using Darcy's Law. Analysis of two aquifer tests show the transmissivity of poorly sorted sediments near the western side of Dry Valley is 1,200 to 1,500 square feet per day. The width of unconsolidated sediments is about 4,000 feet between exposures of tuffaceous deposits along the State line, and decreases to about 1,500 feet (0.5 mile) west of the State line. The hydraulic gradient east and west of the State line ranges from 0.003 to 0.005 foot per foot. Using these values, subsurface outflow to Long Valley is estimated to be 50 to 250 acre-feet per year. Areas of ground-water evapotranspiration were field mapped and partitioned into zones of plant cover using relations derived from Landsat imagery acquired July 8, 2002. Evapotranspiration rates for each plant-cover zone were multiplied by the corresponding area and summed to estimate annual ground-water evapotranspiration. About 640 to 790 acre-feet per year of ground water is lost to evapotranspiration in Dry Valley. Combining subsurface-outflow estimates with ground-water evapotranspiration estimates, total natural ground-water discharge from Dry Valley ranges from a minimum of about 700 acre-feet to a maximum of about 1,000 acre-feet annually. Water quality in Dry Valley generally is good and primary drinking-water standards were not exceeded in any samples collected. The secondary standard for manganese was exceeded in three ground-water samples. One spring sample and two surface-water samples exceeded the secondary standard for pH. Dry Valley has two primary types of water chemistry that are distinguishable by cation ratios and related to the two volcanic-rock units that make up much of the surrounding mountains. In addition, two secondary types of water chemistry appear to have evolved by evaporation of the primary water types. Ground water near the State line appears to be an equal mixture of the two primary water chemistries and has as an isotopic characteristic similar to evaporated surface water.

Berger, David L.; Maurer, Douglas K.; Lopes, Thomas J.; Halford, Keith J.

2004-01-01

309

School-Based Health Centers: National Census School Year 2004-05  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The National Assembly on School-Based Health Care conducted the 2004-05 Census, the tenth count of school-based health centers (SBHCs) since 1986, to: (1) provide a better understanding of the role of SBHCs in meeting the needs of underserved children and adolescents; (2) collect up-to-date data on demographics, staffing services, operations,…

Juszczak, Linda; Schlitt, John; Moore, Aisha

2007-01-01

310

School-Based Health Centers: National Census School Year 2007-08  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The National Assembly on School-Based Health Care's (NASBHC) 2007-2008 Census is the 11th request for data from school-based health centers (SBHCs) since 1986. The Census: (1) provides a better understanding of the role of SBHCs in meeting the needs of underserved children and adolescents; (2) collects relevant trend data on demographics,…

Strozer, Jan; Juszczak, Linda; Ammerman, Adrienne

2010-01-01

311

Promoting School Achievement among American Indian Students throughout the School Years  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

American Indian students as a population are not achieving high academic standards. Yet school failure appears to be acquired rather than inherent at the onset of schooling. Many researchers have reported that American Indian children function at an average range academically until the 4th grade; but by 10th grade, however, they are, on average,…

Powers, Kristin

2005-01-01

312

Overview of Public Elementary and Secondary Schools and Districts: School Year 1999-2000  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Here users will find information gleaned from the Common Core of Data (CCD) survey system about US public elementary and secondary schools and local education agencies, 1999-2000. More than a dozen tables cover distribution of schools, numbers of students, and student/ teacher ratios.

2001-01-01

313

School Program Selection: Why Schools Worldwide Choose the International Baccalaureate Middle Years Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

School improvement and reform efforts frequently involve the adoption of a new curriculum program. This article examines the factors that influence program selection when schools have freedom to choose as opposed to having programs mandated by district, state, or national education authorities. Survey and document analysis are used to examine the…

Sperandio, Jill

2010-01-01

314

Report on State Implementation of the Gun-Free Schools Act: School Year 1997-98.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Gun-Free Schools Act (GFSA) states that each state receiving federal funds under the Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA) must have a state law that requires all local educational agencies (LEAs) in the state to expel from school for at least...

B. Sinclair

1999-01-01

315

City-As-School, School Year 1977-1978. Validation Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report is a statistical summary of raw data on the success of City-As-School (CAS), an experience-based New York City independent alternative high school. A brief description of CAS, its objectives, resource use, staffing, student population, financing, and processes is provided. Data from the Career Maturity Inventory Competence Test, the…

Bertoldi, Arthur R.

316

[An evaluation of a patient education programme for children with asthma at a French teaching hospital ("l'espace du souffle", Nantes) (2002-2003)].  

PubMed

A program of patient education was set up at the CHU of Nantes, for groups of children with asthma in 1997. The aim of this study is to realize a formative evaluation to corelate with some effects. This study was proposed to 99 families with asthmatic children. A written questionnaire, was administered to the parents and children, exploring their satisfaction with the programme, their general knowledge and know-how, biomedical parameters. The observation focused on skills and day-to-day life with the illness. The study was completed by 21 families. The majority of the children, aged 7 to 11 years old, had asthma that needed treatment. All of the parents and children were satisfied with their visit to "l'espace du souffle". They all declared having increased their general knowledge and know-how and biomedical parameters did better. They did, however, feel that they did not know enough about how to recognise precursory symptoms of an attack, about how to practise a sport or how to use "corticoids". They also could not control their personal fear during an attack. During the oral questionnaire a general feeling of stress and worry was clearly noticeable in the parents feeling, that did not appear in the written questionnaire. This patient education program appears to be beneficial. Furthermore, this evaluation highlights some subjects that pass unseen during current individual consultations. PMID:16886551

Le Rhun, A; David, V; Lamour, P; Fournier, C; Huguenin, H; Anton, M; Molle, I; Pinard, O; Lombrail, P

2006-06-01

317

Comparative Survival Rate Study (CSS) of Hatchery PIT-tagged Chinook; Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife, Annual Report 2002-2003.  

SciTech Connect

We PIT-tagged juvenile spring chinook salmon reared at Lookingglass Hatchery in October 2002 as part of the Comparative Survival Rate Study (CSS) for migratory year (MY) 2003. We tagged 20,950 Imnaha stock spring chinook salmon, and after mortality and tag loss, we allowed the remaining 20,904 fish to leave the acclimation pond at our Imnaha River satellite facility beginning 1 April 2003 to begin their seaward migration. The fish remaining in the pond were forced out on 15 April 2003. We tagged 20,820 Catherine Creek stock captive and conventional brood progeny spring chinook salmon, and after mortality and tag loss, we allowed the remaining 20,628 fish to leave the acclimation ponds at our Catherine Creek satellite facility beginning during two acclimation periods. The volitional release for the early acclimation group began 12 March 2003, and all remaining fish were forced out of the ponds on 23 March 2003. The volitional release for the late acclimation group began 31 March 2003, and all remaining fish were forced out of the ponds on 14 April 2003. We estimated survival rates, from release to Lower Granite Dam in MY 2003, for three stocks of hatchery spring chinook salmon tagged at Lookingglass Hatchery to determine their relative migration performance. Survival rates for the Imnaha River, Lostine River, and Catherine Creek stocks were 0.714, 0.557, and 0.350, respectively. We PIT-tagged 20,944 BY 2002 Imnaha River stock and 20,980 BY 2002 Catherine Creek stock captive and conventional brood progeny in October and November 2003 as part of the CSS for MY 2004. From tagging to January 28, 2004, the rates of mortality and tag loss for Imnaha River stock were 0.16% and 0.04%, respectively. Catherine Creek stock, during the same period, had rates of mortality and tag loss of 0.19% and 0.06%, respectively.

Jonasson, Brian

2004-02-01

318

Survival Estimates for the Passage of Juvenile Salmonids through Snake and Columbia River Dams and Reservoirs, 2002-2003 Annual Report.  

SciTech Connect

In 2002, the National Marine Fisheries Service and the University of Washington completed the tenth year of a study to estimate survival and travel time of juvenile salmonids (Oncorhynchus spp.) passing through dams and reservoirs on the Snake and Columbia Rivers. All estimates were derived from detections of fish tagged with passive integrated transponder tags (PIT tags). We PIT tagged and released a total of 19,891 hatchery steelhead at Lower Granite Dam. In addition, we utilized fish PIT tagged by other agencies at traps and hatcheries upstream from the hydropower system and sites within the hydropower system. PIT-tagged smolts were detected at interrogation facilities at Lower Granite, Little Goose, Lower Monumental, McNary, John Day, and Bonneville Dams and in the PIT-tag detector trawl operated in the Columbia River estuary. Survival estimates were calculated using a statistical model for tag-recapture data from single release groups (the ''Single-Release Model''). Primary research objectives in 2002 were to (1) estimate reach and project survival and travel time in the Snake and Columbia Rivers throughout the migration period of yearling chinook salmon O. tshawytscha and steelhead O. mykiss; (2) evaluate relationships between survival estimates and migration conditions; and (3) evaluate the survival-estimation models under prevailing conditions. This report provides reach survival and travel time estimates for 2002 for PIT-tagged yearling chinook salmon (hatchery and wild), hatchery sockeye salmon O. nerka, hatchery coho salmon O. kisutch, and steelhead (hatchery and wild) in the Snake and Columbia Rivers. Results are reported primarily in the form of tables and figures; details on methodology and statistical models used are provided in previous reports cited here. Results for summer-migrating chinook salmon will be reported separately.

Muir, William D.; Smith, Steven G.; Zabel, Richard W. (NOAA Fisheries, Northwest Fisheries Center, Seattle, WA)

2003-07-01

319

Comprehensive School Reform Instructional Practices throughout a School Year: The Role of Subject Matter, Grade Level, and Time of Year  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background/Context: The achievement effects of Comprehensive School Reform (CSR) programs have been studied through the use of input-output models, in which type of CSR program is the input and student achievement is the output. Although specific programs have been found to be more effective and evaluated more than others, teaching practices in…

Wiley, Caroline H.; Good, Thomas L.; McCaslin, Mary

2008-01-01

320

Project A+, Elementary Technology Demonstration Schools, 1991-92: The Second Year.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Elementary Technology Demonstration Schools program, where four elementary schools were equipped with computer hardware and software, was made possible by grants from IBM and Apple, Inc. The goals of the program were, in 3 years, to reduce by 50% the number of students not in their age appropriate grade level and those students not achieving…

Nichols, Todd; Frazer, Linda

321

A Public School Voucher Demonstration: The First Year at Alum Rock. Summary and Conclusions.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Because it included only public schools and guaranteed both school survival and staff employment rights, the first year of the Alum Rock demonstration (1972-73), as sponsored by the Office of Economic Opportunity, was not a test of vouchers as defined in theory. The demonstration was known, therefore, as a "transition" voucher model, which would…

Weiler, Daniel; And Others

322

Sociodemographic correlates of food habits among school adolescents (12–15 year) in north Gaza Strip  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: There is little information about meal patterns and food consumption of adolescents in Palestine. The objective of this study was to describe the association between sociodemographic factors and food intake, and meal patterns among Palestinian school adolescents (12–15 year) in North Gaza Strip. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted in 2002 comprising 944 subjects in 10 schools in Gaza

Abdallah H Abudayya; Hein Stigum; Zumin Shi; Yehia Abed; Gerd Holmboe-Ottesen

2009-01-01

323

Evaluation of the Knox County (Tennessee) Extended School Year Program: A Team Effort.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A voluntary quinmester plan for extending the school year was tried in five Knox County Tennessee schools. Ten University of Tennesse faculty members teamed to evaluate the program's K-12 curriculum revision, administration, public opinion, costs, student and staff morale, and student achievement. Achievement was not significantly influenced, but…

Banta, Trudy W.

324

Mesa Verde--A Year-Round High School. A Descriptive Report of 1980-81.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Mesa Verde High School was constructed in 1974 and is the last high school built in the San Juan (California) Unified District. It serves students in grades 9 through 12 and has an open enrollment policy. Mesa Verde operates on a year-round schedule with students divided into three tracks. Basically, each track is in session for 9 weeks and then…

Housden, Terry; Holmes, Lynda

325

Motor Skills, Attention and Academic Achievements. An Intervention Study in School Years 1-3  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim was to study effects of an extension of physical education and motor training on motor skills, attention and cognition during a period of three years. The study has two intervention groups (n = 152) that have physical activity and motor training one lesson every school day and one control group (n = 99) that has the school's ordinary…

Ericsson, Ingegerd

2008-01-01

326

The Year after: Sustaining the Effects of Literacy Professional Development in New Zealand Secondary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes some key characteristics of two secondary schools that were able to sustain benefits accrued from funded, externally facilitated literacy professional development intervention, during the year after facilitation had ceased. Characteristics that, together, signal a school with the potential to sustain gains in understanding…

Whitehead, David

2010-01-01

327

SPECIAL C AND TRAINABLE PROGRAMS, SCHOOL YEAR 1965-66. SUMMARY REPORT.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

ENROLLMENT FIGURES AND THE GROWTH OF SPECIAL EDUCATION CLASSES FOR EDUCABLE (SPECIAL C CLASSES) AND TRAINABLE MENTALLY HANDICAPPED PUPILS IN THE MILWAUKEE PUBLIC SCHOOLS DURING THE SCHOOL YEAR 1965-66 ARE SUMMARIZED. THE EDUCABLE PROGRAM ENROLLED 1,819 STUDENTS IN 128 CLASSES. STUDENTS IN THE 36 TRAINABLE CLASSES NUMBERED 344. NUMBER OF TRAINABLE…

BERTUCCI, DOMINIC; BLODGETT, E. DONALD

328

Links to Learning and Sustainability: Year Three Report of the Pennsylvania High School Coaching Initiative  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research for Action's third and final report completes a three-year evaluation study of the Pennsylvania High School Coaching Initiative (PAHSCI). This report presents lessons from the PAHSCI model of school-based instructional coaching and mentoring as a vehicle for job-embedded professional learning. Reporting from an analysis using qualitative…

Brown, Diane; Reumann-Moore, Rebecca; Hugh, Roseann; Christman, Jolley Bruce; Riffer, Morgan

2009-01-01

329

Does Year Round Schooling Affect the Outcome and Growth of California's API Scores?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examined whether year round schooling (YRS) in California had an effect upon the outcome and growth of schools' Academic Performance Index (API) scores. While many previous studies had examined the connection between YRS and academic achievement, most had lacked the statistical rigour required to provide reliable interpretations. As a…

Wu, Amery D.; Stone, Jake E.

2010-01-01

330

A Year after Columbine: Public Looks to Parents More than Schools To Prevent Violence.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An April 2000 telephone survey queried a nationwide sample of 1,000 adults, including 283 parents of children ages 5 to 17 years, concerning school violence and other issues in the news. The vast majority of those surveyed said they believe it is the responsibility of parents to ensure that school shootings, such as occurred at Columbine High…

Pew Research Center for the People and the Press, Washington, DC.

331

Teacher-Student Interpersonal Relationships and Academic Motivation within One School Year: Developmental Changes and Linkage  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present study explored the developmental changes of teacher-student interpersonal relationships as well as that of academic motivation among first-grade secondary school students. In addition, the link between teacher-student interpersonal behaviour and academic motivation across the school year was investigated. The data were collected 5…

Opdenakker, Marie-Christine; Maulana, Ridwan; den Brok, Perry

2012-01-01

332

New Counselors' Leadership Efforts in School Counseling: Themes from a Year-Long Qualitative Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Leadership requires long-term commitment and a long-range vision of the future. As school counselors are called on to provide leadership, it becomes important to understand the temporal context of school counseling leadership. To accomplish this, a year-long qualitative study was designed in which the authors interviewed five new counselors who…

Dollarhide, Colette T.; Gibson, Donna M.; Saginak, Kelli A.

2008-01-01

333

The induction years: Pathways and barriers to effective practice for middle school science teachers  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this qualitative study was to explore philosophies, life experiences, educational preparation, classroom techniques, and perceived limitations that enhanced or prevented a feeling of successful teaching practice for six middle school science teachers who had at least one but no more than four years of science teaching experience. The study was conducted in two middle schools (grades 6,

Nancy Haifley Klepper

1998-01-01

334

The Everyday Classificatory Practices of Selective Schooling: A Fifty-Year Retrospective  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The fifty-year retrospective has led to recent media interest in the comprehensive school. Bristol, located in the south-west of England, is frequently portrayed as an early provider. This article draws on documentary evidence and life-history interviews with ex-pupils to explore this claim. It finds that they were not comprehensive schools, but…

Brine, Jacky

2006-01-01

335

Effectiveness of a Two-Year Health-Related Physical Education Intervention in Elementary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study aim was to evaluate the effectiveness of a 2-year health-related physical education intervention in a pretest-posttest design. Sixteen elementary schools (764 pupils, mean age: 11.2 plus or minus 0.7) participated in the study. Schools were randomly assigned to the intervention condition (n = 8) and the control condition (n = 8). Making…

Verstraete, Stefanie; Cardon, Greet; De Clercq, Dirk; De Bourdeaudhuij, Ilse

2007-01-01

336

Chief Joseph Kokanee Enhancement Project; Strobe Light Deterrent Efficacy Test and Fish Behavior Determination at the Grand Coulee Dam Third Powerplant Forebay, 2002-2003 Annual Report.  

SciTech Connect

Since 1995, the Confederated Tribes of the Colville Reservation (Colville Confederated Tribes) have managed the Chief Joseph Kokanee Enhancement Project as part of the Northwest Power Planning Council (NWPPC) Fish and Wildlife Program. Project objectives have focused on understanding natural production of kokanee (a land-locked sockeye salmon) and other fish stocks in the area above Grand Coulee and Chief Joseph Dams on the Columbia River. A 42-month investigation concluded that entrainment at Grand Coulee Dam ranged from 211,685 to 576,676 fish annually. Further analysis revealed that 85% of the total entrainment occurred at the dam's third powerplant. These numbers represent a significant loss to the tribal fisheries upstream of the dam. In response to a suggestion by the NWPPC Independent Scientific Review Panel, the scope of work for the Chief Joseph Kokanee Enhancement Project was expanded to include a multiyear pilot test of a strobe light system to help mitigate fish entrainment. This report details the work conducted during the second year of the study by researchers of the Colville Confederated Tribes in collaboration with the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. The 2002 study period extended from May 18 through July 30. The objective of the study was to determine the efficacy of a prototype strobe light system to elicit a negative phototactic response in kokanee and rainbow trout. The prototype system consisted of six strobe lights affixed to an aluminum frame suspended vertically underwater from a barge secured in the center of the entrance to the third powerplant forebay. The lights, controlled by a computer, were aimed to illuminate a specific region directly upstream of the barge. Three light level treatments were used: 6 of 6 lights on, 3 of 6 lights on, and all lights off. These three treatment conditions were applied for an entire 24-hr day and were randomly assigned within a 3-day block throughout the study period. A seven-transducer splitbeam hydroacoustic system was used to evaluate the effectiveness of the strobe lights in eliciting a negative phototactic response in fish. The transducers were deployed so they tracked fish entering and within the region illuminated by the strobe lights. Two of the seven transducers were mounted to the frame containing the strobe lights and were oriented horizontally. The remaining five transducers were spaced approximately 4 m apart on individual floating frames upstream of the barge, with the transducers looking vertically downward.

Johnson, R.; McKinstry, C.; Simmons, C. (Pacific Northwest National Laboratory)

2003-01-01

337

Impacts of a Violence Prevention Program for Middle Schools. Findings from the First Year of Implementation.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This is the first of two reports that summarize the findings from an impact evaluation of a violence prevention intervention for middle schools. This report discusses findings after 1 year of implementation. A forthcoming report will discuss the findings ...

C. Ringwalt J. Blitstein J. Williams L. Dusenbury S. Silvia

2009-01-01

338

Public Elementary and Secondary Education Statistics, Revised: School Year 1997-98.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The estimates in this publication are key statistics reported before the close of the 1997-98 school year. They were revised in December 1998 to reflect NCESs newly introduced procedure of adjusting estimates that differed from previously reported values ...

1998-01-01

339

Council of the Great City Schools High School Reform Survey, School Year 2006-2007. Urban Indicator. Spring 2009  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In response to a request by the Secondary Education Sub-Committee of its Achievement Task Force, the Council of the Great City Schools surveyed its membership in the fall of 2007 to gather information on a variety of high school reform issues. An electronic file of the survey was emailed to the curriculum directors in each member district in…

Council of the Great City Schools, 2009

2009-01-01

340

Key Statistics on Public Elementary and Secondary Schools and Agencies: School Year 1997-98.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents universe data on the organization, students, staff, and financial resources of public elementary and secondary education agencies and schools. Data are from the National Center for Education Statistics Common Core of Data Program. (Author/SLD)

Hoffman, Lee M.

2001-01-01

341

Evaluation of the School Breakfast Program Pilot Project: Findings from the First Year of Implementation. Nutrition Assistance Program Report Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 1998, Congress authorized implementation of a 3-year pilot breakfast program involving 4,300 students in elementary schools in 6 school districts representing a range of economic and demographic characteristics. The program began in the 2000-01 school year. This lengthy report presents the findings from the pilot's first year. The study had two…

McLaughlin, Joan E.; Bernstein, Lawrence S.; Crepinsek, May Kay; Daft, Lynn M.; Murphy, J. Michael

342

Psychiatry in Medicine: Five Years of Experience with an Innovative Required Fourth-Year Medical School Course  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: The author reports on a required fourth-year course, Psychiatry in Medicine, which was started in 1999 at Stony Brook Medical School. The aim was to address two important concerns in medical education at Stony Brook and throughout the United States: 1) the failure to recognize psychiatric pathology in outpatient medical settings and 2)…

Halperin, Peter J.

2006-01-01

343

Short-Term Postsecondary Education and Work Four Years After High School.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigates employment benefits from postsecondary education or training (PSE) below the baccalaureate degree. The kinds of PSE considered are (1) two-year academic degrees, (2) two-year vocational degrees from colleges, (3) two-year vocational degrees from vocational schools, (4) non-degree credentials, and (5) participation not…

Selby, David

344

A Social Relations Analysis of Children's Trust in Their Peers across the Early Years of School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Two hundred and five (103 female and 102 male) children enrolled in school years 1 and 2 in the UK (mean age 6 years 1 month at Time 1) were tested twice over a 1-year period. The children reported the promise keeping and secret keeping behaviours of classmates (all peers and same-gender peers) and provided friendship nominations (Time 2 only).…

Betts, Lucy R.; Rotenberg, Ken J.

2008-01-01

345

Comprehensive College Plan for 2002-2003.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This plan for San Antonio College (SAC) (Texas), a college of the Alamo Community College District (ACCD), offers vision and mission statements for both ACCD and SAC. In addition, it details the Institutional Effectiveness process and philosophy for SAC. The document also includes SAC strategic goals and initiatives, and unit strategic objectives,…

San Antonio Coll., TX.

346

English Leadership Quarterly, 2002-2003.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This 25th volume of "English Leadership Quarterly" contains articles on topics of interest to those in positions of leadership in departments (elementary, secondary, or college) where English is taught. Each issue focuses on a different theme. Articles in Volume 25 Number 1 focus on leadership and literacy and are: "Research Summary of a Best…

Wilcox, Bonita L., Ed.

2003-01-01

347

From High School to the Future: The Challenge of Senior Year in Chicago Public Schools. Research Report  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In a 2010 address to the College Board, U.S. Secretary of Education Arne Duncan laid out a vision for high school that advances the Obama administration's goal of the U.S. once again leading the world in educational attainment. There is no grade in which the magnitude and complexity of this shift becomes clearer than in senior year. Historically,…

Roderick, Melissa; Coca, Vanessa; Moeller, Eliza; Kelley-Kemple, Thomas

2013-01-01

348

Guided Occupation Orientation Project: Syracuse City School District. 1972-73 School Year Informal Evaluation and Recommendation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The report is designed primarily for internal use by administrators and staff members of the Guided Occupational Orientation Project in Syracuse, New York, and contains a summary evaluation for the 1972-73 school year activities associated with the project. One section of the report discusses and displays specific outcomes compared with goals…

Holder, Harold D.; And Others

349

Key Statistics on Public Elementary and Secondary Schools and Agencies: School Year 1993-94. Survey Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report describes the organization, students, staff, and financial resources of public elementary and secondary education in the United States during the 1993-94 school year. The purpose is to provide an overview of these institutions in a convenient format for general use. The information is drawn from the Common Core of Data (CCD) survey…

Hoffman, Lee M.

350

The provision of compulsory school physical activity: Associations with physical activity, fitness and overweight in childhood and twenty years later  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: To determine whether the provision of higher levels of compulsory school physical activity is associated with higher physical activity and fitness levels and less overweight in childhood and 20 years later. METHODS: As part of the 1985 Australian Schools Health and Fitness Survey, 109 schools reported how much compulsory physical education (PE) and school sport they provided and were

Verity Cleland; Terence Dwyer; Leigh Blizzard; Alison Venn

2008-01-01

351

Finnish Parental Involvement Ethos, Health Support, Health Education Knowledge and Participation: Results from a 2-Year School Health Intervention  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A 2-year, participatory action research school health study focused on developing components for home-school partnerships to support children's health learning process. Two intervention schools implemented strengthened health and collaboration-orientated activities; two control schools followed the national core curriculum without extracurricular…

Sormunen, Marjorita; Tossavainen, Kerttu; Turunen, Hannele

2013-01-01

352

WWC Review of the Report "Evaluation of a Two-Year Middle-School Physical Education Intervention: M-SPAN"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study reviewed in this paper examined the effect of the "Middle School Physical Activity and Nutrition" ("M-SPAN)" intervention on the physical activity level of middle school students. For this 2-year study, 24 middle schools from six districts in southern California were stratified by school district and then randomly assigned to either…

What Works Clearinghouse, 2013

2013-01-01

353

Detroit Lakes Public Schools (Detroit Lakes, Minnesota) Title IV, P.L. 92-318, End of Year Evaluation, 1977.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

During the 1976-77 school year, the program's priorities were (1) to hire a Home School Coordinator to provide counseling services for the child and to be a liaison between the school and the home; (2) to hire Instructional Aides to work closely with the teacher providing any type of assistance which would make school easier and more enjoyable for…

Detroit Lakes Public Schools, Minn.

354

Are Physical Education-Related State Policies and Schools' Physical Education Requirement Related to Children's Physical Activity and Obesity?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: This study examines whether the extent of states' physical education (PE) requirement policies and the prevalence of schools requiring PE are associated with children's physical activity (PA) and obesity. Methods: Two cycles (2002-2003 and 2006-2007) of cross-sectional data with individual- and state-level information were…

Kim, Jinsook

2012-01-01

355

Perceived Factors Influencing High School Student Participation in an Integrated Statewide Dual Credit Program: An Examination of Program Success and Student Higher Education Selection Decisions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Dual credit programs have become increasingly popular with 71% U.S. public high schools offering dual credit courses in 2002-2003. As this popularity has grown, so have concerns regarding academic rigor, course quality, parity with college courses, and effects on higher education. Determining actual dual credit course equivalent in higher…

Touchstone, Allison J. L.

2010-01-01

356

Prospective Longitudinal Study of Superior Cognitive Readiness for School, from 1 Year to 7 Years.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The cognitive development of a group of children who, at age six, were more than one standard deviation above the mean on a culture-fair measure is described. The relationship of influences at discrete time points which impinge on measures of mental attainment at elementary school entry is schematized. (DWH)

Jordan, Thomas E.

1985-01-01

357

Promoting Achievement in School through Sport: Three-Year Impact Study and Summary Report Covering Data from 1991-92, 1992-93, and 1993-94 School Years.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report presents data on a study of the Promoting Achievement in School through Sport (PASS) program as implemented over three years in eight different schools. The study used grade point average (GPA) as the evaluation element. PASS is a daily, year-long high school course using positive aspects of sports culture to enhance academic…

American Sports Inst., Mill Valley, CA.

358

Policy Considerations in Conversion to Year-Round Schools. Policy Briefs of the Education Policy Studies Laboratory, No. 92-01.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Increasing enrollments and budget problems have prompted many school districts nationwide to experiment with year-round school schedules. Year-round school schedules allow districts to serve more students without constructing more buildings. As in traditional 9-month schools, students in year-round schools attend classes about 180 days a year. The…

Glass, Gene V.

359

The Nation's School of the Year. Valley Winds Elementary School, St. Louis County, Missouri.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A description of how a progressive educational program dictates the unusual form of an elementary school for 660 is presented. Featured in the design are--(1) flexibility of space usage, (2) an instructional materials center, (3) an audiovisual nerve center, (4) the spiral building configuration, and (5) the stimulating learning environment.…

Boggs, Bruce J.

1965-01-01

360

10 Years of Media Literacy Education in K-12 Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

When the author started working with teachers and students on classroom multimedia productions a little over 10 years ago, he had not yet encountered the term "media literacy", nor did he realize he had joined a long standing international movement of media literacy educators. Serendipitous exposure to "old-media" texts by Neil Postman and Noam…

Daunic, Rhys

2011-01-01

361

Patterns of Change in Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders Who Received Community Based Comprehensive Interventions in Their Pre-School Years: A Seven Year Follow-Up Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There are few long-term follow-up studies of children with Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) who attended intensive intervention programmes in their pre-school years. Thirty-six children with ASD enrolled in relatively intensive, specialist pre-school programmes (minimum of 15 h intervention per week for 2 years at a mean age of 3.4 years) were…

Magiati, Iliana; Moss, Joanna; Charman, Tony; Howlin, Patricia

2011-01-01

362

How Do Beginning Administrators Navigate through Their First Year of the Middle School Principalship?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In an effort to understand the positive and negative experiences that principals encounter as they navigate through their first year of administrative duties at the middle school level, this research study examined what events happened during their first year that encouraged the individual to stay in the position or discouraged the individual to…

Cryer, James D.

2009-01-01

363

The First Year Out: Understanding American Teens after High School. Morality and Society Series  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Wild parties, late nights, and lots of sex, drugs, and alcohol. Many assume these are the things that define an American teenager's first year after high school. But the reality is really quite different. As Tim Clydesdale reports in "The First Year Out", teenagers generally manage the increased responsibilities of everyday life immediately after…

Clydesdale, Tim

2007-01-01

364

School Mathematical Achievement as a Predictor of Success in a First Year University Mathematics Foundations Unit  

Microsoft Academic Search

This research examines the relationship between the mathematical background of approximately 300 first year B. Ed (primary) students entering the education faculty and their achievement in the first year mathematics foundations unit at Queensland University of Technology (QUT). Students' mathematical backgrounds were divided into five categories according to level of achievement at high school ranging from success at advanced level

Robert Peard

365

Impacts of a Violence Prevention Program for Middle Schools. Findings After 3 Years of Implementation.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This is the second and final report summarizing findings from an impact evaluation of a violence prevention intervention for middle schools. This report provides findings from the second and third years of the 3-year intervention. The U.S. Department of E...

C. Ringwalt J. Blitstein J. Williams L. Dusenbury S. Silvia W. Hansen

2011-01-01

366

Academic Achievement in First-Year University: Who Maintains Their High School Average?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present study investigates the characteristics which differentiate between first-year university students who maintain their high school averages (Maintainers: n = 165) and those whose averages decrease at least one letter grade (Decliners: n = 435). The 600 students entered first year at one of six Canadian Universities, which varied in size…

Wintre, Maxine Gallander; Dilouya, Barry; Pancer, S. Mark; Pratt, Michael W.; Birnie-Lefcovitch, Shelly; Polivy, Janet; Adams, Gerald

2011-01-01

367

Second Year Evaluation, IPI Mathematics Project; Hall School, 1970-71.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A pretest in mathematics determined the starting point for low-income elementary school students in a three year Individually Prescribed Instruction (IPI) project, in which each student progressed through the IPI continuum of skills at his own rate as he proved his mastery of successive skills. The results of the first two years of this project…

Johnson, Lary; Ostrum, Donald R.

368

Self-Esteem Changes in the Middle School Years: A Study of Ethnic and Gender Groups  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The current study investigated how ethnicity and gender affect changes in the self-esteem of early adolescents during the middle school years. Self-report data were collected from more than 4,000 early adolescents from three ethnic groups: European American, African American, and Hispanic and analyzed using a consecutive three-year cross-sectional…

Adams, Sue K.; Kuhn, Jennifer; Rhodes, Jean

2006-01-01

369

Long-term outcomes for surgeons from 3- and 4-year medical school curricula  

PubMed Central

Background New approaches are needed to ensure that surgical trainees attain competence in a timely way. Traditional solutions have focused on the years spent in surgical training. We sought to examine the outcomes of graduates from 3-year versus 4-year medical schools for differences in surgeon performance based on multisource feedback data. Methods We used data from the College of Physicians and Surgeons of Alberta’s Physician Achievement Review program to determine curricular outcomes. Data for each surgeon included assessments from 25 patients, 8 medical colleagues and 8 non-physician coworkers (e.g., nurses), and a self-assessment. We used these data to compare 72 physicians from a 3-year school matched with graduates from 4-year schools. The instruments were assessed for evidence of validity and reliability. We compared the groups using 1-way analysis of covariance and multivariate analysis of covariance, with years since graduation as a covariate, and a Cohen d effect size calculation to assess the magnitude of the change. Results Data for 216 surgeons indicated that there was evidence for instrument validity and reliability. No significant differences were found based on the length of the undergraduate program for any of the questionnaires or factors within the questionnaires. Conclusion Reconsideration might be given to the time spent in medical school before surgical training if training in the specialty and career years are to be maximized. This assumes that students are able to make informed career decisions based on clerkship and other experiences in a 3-year setting.

Lockyer, Jocelyn; Violato, Claudio; Wright, Bruce; Fidler, Herta; Chan, Robert

2012-01-01

370

Investigating key components of the facility management of secondary schools in Hong Kong  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The Hong Kong SAR Government increased its expenditure on education by 13.2 per cent from 1998-1999 to 2002-2003 in order to improve education and upgrade school facilities, despite the fact that the economy was in bad shape. To investigate the current facility management (FM) of secondary schools in Hong Kong, a study of the needs of the end-users

Mei-yung Leung; Xinhong Lu; Hon-yan Ip

2005-01-01

371

School functioning in 8- to 18-year-old children born after in vitro fertilization  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of this study was to examine the school functioning of 8- to 18-year-old children born after in vitro fertilization\\u000a (IVF). We compared 233 children born after IVF to 233 matched control children born spontaneously from parents with fertility\\u000a problems on measures of education level, general cognitive ability, school performance (need for extra help, repeating a grade,\\u000a special education),

Karin Wagenaar; Manon Ceelen; Mirjam M. van Weissenbruch; Dirk L. Knol; Henriette A. Delemarre-van de Waal; Jaap Huisman

2008-01-01

372

The everyday classificatory practices of selective schooling: a fifty?year retrospective  

Microsoft Academic Search

The fifty?year retrospective has led to recent media interest in the comprehensive school. Bristol, located in the south?west of England, is frequently portrayed as an early provider. This article draws on documentary evidence and life?history interviews with ex?pupils to explore this claim. It finds that they were not comprehensive schools, but selective bilaterals that, despite including grammar and secondary modern

Jacky Brine

2006-01-01

373

Nonconventional Family Life-Styles and School Achievement: A 12Year Longitudinal Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

The life-styles of countercultural, nonconventional families have potential risks as well as benefits for children's school achievement. The effects on children's school achievement of nonconventional family organization, parents' values and commitment to their family life-style, and family stability were examined in a 12-year longitudinal study of 146 nonconventional families and a comparison group of 43 stable, two-parent conventional families. In

Thomas S. Weisner; Helen Gamier

1992-01-01

374

Predictors of Adolescents' Academic Achievement and Engagement in School (R)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Research conducted during 1999-2000 investigating adolescents at risk, led to the development of a short form questionnaire (ISM-S) specifically calibrated to distinguish between the intention to either complete or leave school. Using the four subscales of this instrument (ISM-S) and obtaining teacher's ratings on the likelihood of students' intention to leave, research was conducted during 2002-2003 on five hundred and

Margaret H. Vickers; Katrina B. Simpson; Tim Fitzgerald; Martin Dowson

375

Public School Graduates and Dropouts from the Common Core of Data: School Year 2005-06. First Look. NCES 2008-353  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report presents the number of high school graduates, the Averaged Freshman Graduation Rate (AFGR), and dropout data for grades 9 through 12 for public schools in school year 2005-06. The counts of graduates, dropouts, and enrollments by grade (which serve as the denominators for the graduation and dropout rates) are from the Common Core of…

Stillwell, Robert; Hoffman, Lee

2008-01-01

376

Public School Graduates and Dropouts from the Common Core of Data: School Year 2006-07. First Look. NCES 2010-313  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report presents the number of high school graduates, the Averaged Freshman Graduation Rate (AFGR), and dropout data for grades 9 through 12 for public schools in school year 2006-07. The counts of graduates, dropouts, and enrollments by grade (which serve as the denominators for the graduation and dropout rates) are from the National Center…

Stillwell, Robert

2009-01-01

377

Numbers and Types of Public Elementary and Secondary Schools from the Common Core of Data: School Year 2005-06. First Look.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report presents findings on the numbers and types of public elementary and secondary schools in the United States and other jurisdictions1 in the 200506 school year, using data from the Public Elementary/Secondary School Universe Survey of the Common...

2007-01-01

378

The relationship of school year, sex and proficiency on the use of learning strategies in learning English of Korean junior high school students  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present study investigated the use of language learning strategies of 325 Korean secondary school students of English as a foreign language, 163 boys and 162 girls with a consideration of variables such as sex, school year, and proficiency in grammar, specifically the use of prepositions. The subjects were attending a boys' or a girls' middle school in Pusan, Korea.

Lee Kyung Ok

379

Numbers and Types of Public Elementary and Secondary Schools from the Common Core of Data: School Year 2006-07. First Look. NCES 2009-304  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report presents findings on the numbers and types of public elementary and secondary schools in the United States and other jurisdictions in the 2006-07 school year, using data from the Public Elementary/Secondary School Universe Survey of the Common Core of Data (CCD) survey system. Appended are: methodology and technical notes; and Common…

Hoffman, Lee

2008-01-01

380

Numbers and Types of Public Elementary and Secondary Schools from the Common Core of Data: School Year 2005-06. First Look. NCES 2007-354  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report presents findings on the numbers and types of public elementary and secondary schools in the United States and other jurisdictions in the 2005-06 school year, using data from the Public Elementary/Secondary School Universe Survey of the Common Core of Data (CCD) survey system. Data are presented on: (1) the number of operating public…

Hoffman, Lee

2007-01-01

381

Numbers and Types of Public Elementary and Secondary Schools from the Common Core of Data: School Year 2008-09. First Look. NCES 2010-345  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report presents findings on the numbers and types of public elementary and secondary schools in the United States and other jurisdictions in the 2008-09 school year, using data from the Public Elementary/Secondary School Universe Survey of the Common Core of Data (CCD) survey system. The CCD is an annual collection of data that are reported…

Chen, Chen-Su

2010-01-01

382

Numbers and Types of Public Elementary and Secondary Schools from the Common Core of Data: School Year 2009-10. First Look. NCES 2011-345  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report presents findings on the numbers and types of public elementary and secondary schools in the United States and the territories in the 2009-10 school year, using data from the Public Elementary/Secondary School Universe Survey of the Common Core of Data (CCD) survey system. The CCD is an annual collection of data that are reported by…

Chen, Chen-Su

2011-01-01

383

Numbers and Types of Public Elementary and Secondary Schools from the Common Core of Data: School Year 2010-11. First Look. NCES 2012-325  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report presents findings on the numbers and types of public elementary and secondary schools in the United States and other jurisdictions in the 2010-11 school year, using data from the Public Elementary/Secondary School Universe Survey of the Common Core of Data (CCD) survey system. The CCD is an annual collection of data that are reported…

Keaton, Patrick

2012-01-01

384

Numbers and Types of Public Elementary and Secondary Schools From the Common Core of Data: School Year 2007-08. First Look. NCES 2010-305  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report presents findings on the numbers and types of public elementary and secondary schools in the United States and the territories in the 2007-08 school year, using data from the Public Elementary/Secondary School Universe Survey of the Common Core of Data (CCD) survey system. Appended are: (1) methodology and technical notes; and (2)…

Hoffman, Lee

2009-01-01

385

Public School Graduates and Dropouts from the Common Core of Data: School Year 2009-10. First Look (Provisional Data). NCES 2013-309  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report presents the number of high school completers, the Averaged Freshman Graduation Rate (AFGR), and the dropout data for grades 9-12 for public schools in school year 2009-10. State Education Agencies (SEAs) report annual counts of completers, dropouts, and enrollments to the National Center for Education Statistics' (NCES) Common Core of…

Stillwell, Robert; Sable, Jennifer

2013-01-01

386

Report on the Implementation of the Gun-Free Schools Act in the States and Outlying Areas: School Year 2001-2002. Final Report  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Gun-Free Schools Act (GFSA) requires that each state or outlying area receiving federal funds under the Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA) have a law that requires all local educational agencies (LEAs) in the state or outlying area to expel from school for at least one year any student found bringing a firearm to school. Their…

Gray-Adams, Karen; Sinclair, Beth

2004-01-01

387

Public Elementary and Secondary Schools and Agencies in the United States and Outlying Areas: School Year 1989-90. Final Tabulations. E.D. TABS.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The tables in this report summarize statistical information for schools and education agencies as supplied to the National Center for Education Statistics (NCES) by state education agencies. Information comes from the 1989-90 school year Public Elementary and Secondary School Universe and the Public Elementary and Secondary Education Agency…

McDowell, Lena; Morgan, Frank B.

388

Multinomial probit estimates of college completion at 2-year and 4-year schools  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper explores differences by race, ethnicity, and immigrant generation in an individual's likelihood of completing either a 2-year or a 4-year degree. Blacks and, to a lesser extent, Hispanics are more likely than whites to complete a 4-year degree.

Christopher Jepsen

2008-01-01

389

Public Elementary and Secondary Students, Staff, Schools, and School Districts: School Year 2003-04. E.D. TAB. NCES 2006-307  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report presents information about public elementary and secondary education for the 2003-04 school year. The data were provided by state education agencies through the Common Core of Data (CCD) survey system, a universe data collection that includes the 50 states, the District of Columbia, the Bureau of Indian Affairs, Department of Defense…

Hoffman, Lee; Sable, Jennifer

2006-01-01

390

"Focus" on the Alternative School Calendar: Year-Round School Programs and Update on the Four-Day School Week. Challenge to Lead  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In recent years, lean economic conditions have led to state and local agency budget cuts, including reductions to elementary and secondary education. To compensate for less state funding and decreasing local revenues, many state legislatures have passed policy and funding bills that give school systems more latitude in making finance and program…

Dixon, Asenith

2011-01-01

391

A school-based obesity control programme: Project Energize. Two-year outcomes.  

PubMed

Through-school nutrition and physical activity interventions are designed to help reduce excess weight gain and risk of chronic disease. From 2004 to 2006, Project Energize was delivered in the Waikato Region of New Zealand as a longitudinal randomised controlled study of 124 schools (year 1-6), stratified by rurality and social deprivation, and randomly assigned to intervention or control. Children (686 boys and 662 girls) aged 5 (1926) and 10 (1426) years (692 interventions and 660 controls) had height, weight, body fat (by bioimpedance) and resting blood pressure (BP) measured at baseline and 2 years later. Each intervention school was assigned an 'Energizer'; a trained physical activity and nutrition change agent, who worked with the school to achieve goals based on healthier eating and quality physical activity. After adjustment for baseline measures, rurality and social deprivation, the intervention was associated with a reduced accumulation of body fat in younger children and a reduced rate of rise in systolic BP in older children. There was some evidence that the pattern of change within an age group varied with rurality, ethnicity and sex. We conclude that the introduction of an 'Energizer led' through-school programme may be associated with health benefits over 2 years, but the trajectory of this change needs to be measured over a longer period. Attention should also be paid to the differing response by ethnicity, sex, age group and the effect of rurality and social deprivation. PMID:21733268

Rush, Elaine; Reed, Peter; McLennan, Stephanie; Coppinger, Tara; Simmons, David; Graham, David

2012-02-01

392

Mastery of Fundamental Movement Skills among 6-Year-Old Flemish Pre-School Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to assess mastery of Fundamental Movement Skills (FMS) in 6- to 6.5-year-old Flemish pre-school children. The subjects were 236 6-year-old children (138 boys, 98 girls; mean age 6 years 2.4 months, SD 2.4). Children were individually assessed with the Motoriktest fur Vier- bis Sechsjahrige Kinder (MOT 4-6) in four…

Vandaele, Bart; Cools, Wouter; de Decker, Steve; de Martelaer, Kristine

2011-01-01

393

25 CFR 39.805 - What was the student unit for instruction value (SUIV) for the school year 1999-2000?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...for instruction value (SUIV) for the school year 1999-2000? 39.805 Section...THE INTERIOR EDUCATION THE INDIAN SCHOOL EQUALIZATION PROGRAM Determining the...for instruction value (SUIV) for the school year 1999-2000? The process...

2011-04-01

394

Year-Round Schools: Models and Issues. A Bibliography and Review of Selected Evaluation Reports and Studies on Year-Round Education.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Year-round schools are not a new phenomenon in American education. During the 19th century cities such as Chicago, Boston, Washington, Cleveland, Buffalo and Detroit held school sessions of 48 or more weeks per year. The traditional calendar is a misnomer...

P. D. Rice D. J. Parks D. E. Parks

1975-01-01

395

Limited Effects of a 2-Year School-Based Physical Activity Intervention on Body Composition and Cardiorespiratory Fitness in 7-Year-Old Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of this study was to assess the effects of a 2-year cluster-randomized physical activity and dietary intervention program among 7-year-old (at baseline) elementary school participants on body composition and objectively measured cardiorespiratory fitness. Three pairs of schools were selected and matched, then randomly selected as either an…

Magnusson, Kristjan Thor; Hrafnkelsson, Hannes; Sigurgeirsson, Ingvar; Johannsson, Erlingur; Sveinsson, Thorarinn

2012-01-01

396

Homeschooling Almanac, 2002-2003: How To Start, What To Do, Where To Go, Who To Call, Web Sites, Products, Catalogs, Teaching Supplies, Support Groups, Conferences, and More! Prima Home Learning Library.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This almanac is intended for parents who are considering home schooling or who are already home schooling and want to expand and obtain more resources, and for non-home-schooling parents who want educational resources to supplement their child's education at home. Part 1 of the almanac presents background information into what home schooling is…

Leppert, Mary; Leppert, Michael

397

Age-related differences in inhibitory control in the early school years.  

PubMed

The transition to school is associated with a greater requirement to inhibit irrelevant or inappropriate thought and behavior in order to concentrate on effective learning and to interact successfully with peers. Current knowledge of inhibitory control development in the early school years is limited due to a lack of normative data from age-appropriate, sensitive measures. In this study, three pictorial versions of the Stroop task were administered to investigate inhibitory control development in early school-aged children. Age-related trajectories of inhibition and effects of gender were examined in 80 children (42 boys) aged 5 to 8 years. All children were assessed with the Cognitive Assessment System Expressive Attention subtest (Big-Small Stroop), Fruit Stroop, and Boy-Girl Stroop. The Big-Small Stroop revealed substantial age-related improvement in inhibition from 5 to 7 years with a levelling of performance at 8 years of age, while the Fruit Stroop and Boy-Girl Stroop demonstrated clear but nonsignificant age trends. In particular, older children committed fewer errors and corrected their errors more frequently than younger children. Performance on all Stroop tasks correlated significantly, providing evidence that they tap similar cognitive abilities. Some gender differences were found. This study indicates that inhibitory skills develop rapidly in the early school years and suggests that error awareness may be a useful indicator of the development of cognitive inhibition for this age group. PMID:23909718

Macdonald, Jacqui A; Beauchamp, Miriam H; Crigan, Judith A; Anderson, Peter J

2014-09-01

398

A Short-term Longitudinal Study of Children’s Playground Games Across the First Year of School: Implications for Social Competence and Adjustment to School  

Microsoft Academic Search

This longitudinal study describes playground games of children progressing across their first year of schooling. Boys, in comparison with girls, played more games, especially chase and ball games, and played a greater variety of games. Also, the variety of boys’ games increased across the school year. Girls played more verbal games than boys. The study found that facility with games

Anthony D. Pellegrini; Kentaro Kato; Peter Blatchford; Ed Baines

2002-01-01

399

[The approach to breastfeeding in the first years of elementary school].  

PubMed

To review the curricula and content of 1st- through 5th-year elementary school science textbooks with respect to the presence or absence of terms related to breastfeeding, we conducted a descriptive study analyzing the curricula and 16 textbooks of 25 public schools in 03 municipalities of São Paulo between September 2010 and February 2011. In particular, we defined essential concepts to teach and explain breastfeeding to children. We found that no block themed curriculum explicitly addressed the theme of breastfeeding. Nine of the sixteen predefined concepts were present in eight of the sixteen textbooks adopted. From the analysis, we identified a new category: Support and help the family. Three textbooks used illustrations associated with artificial feeding. In the program and textbooks, there are several opportunities to introduce this topic. We advise integrating this content into all science textbooks in the early years of elementary school. PMID:23743918

Galvão, Dulce Maria Pereira Garcia; Silva, Isília Aparecida

2013-04-01

400

Literacy Growth in the Academic Year versus Summer from Preschool through Second Grade: Differential Effects of Schooling across Four Skills  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Differences in literacy growth over the summer versus the school year were examined to isolate how schooling affects children's literacy development from preschool through second grade across four literacy skills. Children (n = 383) were tested individually twice each year for up to 4 years on measures of phonological awareness, decoding, reading…

Skibbe, Lori E.; Grimm, Kevin J.; Bowles, Ryan P.; Morrison, Frederick J.

2012-01-01

401

The educational process at the Mount Sinai School of Medicine: the first 25 years.  

PubMed

Although the Charter for the School of Medicine was signed in 1963, and active recruitment of faculty commenced almost immediately, the recruitment of students, in fact, did not begin until several years later, with admission of a first-year and a third-year class in September 1968. From that time to the present, the class size has increased from a small, carefully selected group of 36 first-year students to its current size of 115 students in each of the basic science years and 132 students in each of the clinical years. As one might imagine, over the ensuing two and a half decades, many changes have occurred in every aspect of the educational process. Throughout these years the School of Medicine has evaluated and reassessed its goals and objectives in order to continue to make the study and practice of medicine not only exciting but also meaningful and to advance knowledge of the scientific origins of disease and the quality of health care. This paper reviews the evolution of this process at the School of Medicine as well as outlines our educational agenda for the next decade. PMID:2685587

Stimmel, B D

1989-10-01

402

Yearly changes in the anthropometric dimensions of female high school gymnasts.  

PubMed

The purpose of the present study was to compare the age-related patterns of anthropometric dimensions of female high school gymnasts to those of a national representative sample of teenage girls. One hundred and one female high school gymnasts (X ± SD age = 15.8 ± 1.1 year; height [HT] = 162.2 ± 5.7 cm; body weight [BW] = 54.1 ± 6.5 kg) volunteered as subjects in the present study. The sample was divided into 4 independent age groups: age group 14 (AG14) = 14.00 to 14.99 years (n = 26); AG15 = 15.00 to 15.99 years (n = 27); AG16 = 16.00 to 16.99 years (n = 29); and AG17 = 17.00 to 17.99 years (n = 19). Nine variables including BW; HT; body mass index (BMI); subscapular and triceps skinfolds; and waist, mid-arm, maximal calf, and mid-thigh circumferences were assessed on each subject. Independent t-tests indicated that for all age groups, the female high school gymnasts exhibited lower BW, BMI, circumferences (waist, mid-arm, maximal calf, and mid-thigh) and skinfolds (subscapular and triceps) than the national sample, except AG 17 for BW and maximal calf and mid-thigh circumferences. There were no significant differences in HT between samples for any of the age groups. Furthermore, there were no differences between the high school gymnasts and the national sample for the slope coefficients for the anthropometric dimensions vs. age relationships. These findings indicated that in females, participation in high school gymnastics does not adversely affect yearly changes in anthropometric dimensions. PMID:20179650

Zuniga, Jorge; Housh, Terry J; Camic, Clayton L; Mielke, Michelle; Hendrix, C Russell; Johnson, Glen O; Housh, Dona J; Schmidt, Richard J

2011-01-01

403

Student Success in First-Year University Physics and Mathematics Courses: Does the High-School Attended Make a Difference?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper considers school factors that contribute to a successful transition from high school to first-year university Physics courses at the University of British Columbia by employing a two-level hierarchical model. It is assumed that there is a relationship between student performance and the high school they graduated from. It is shown that…

Adamuti-Trache, Maria; Bluman, George; Tiedje, Thomas

2013-01-01

404

Perceptions of School Toilets as a Cause for Irregular Toilet Habits among Schoolchildren Aged 6 to 16 Years  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Irregular bladder and bowel habits can contribute to urinary and bowel problems. Schoolchildren undergoing treatment for these problems often do not follow the recommendation of regular toilet visits at school, claiming negative perceptions of school toilets. This study examined 6- to 16-year-old schoolchildren's perceptions of school toilets and…

Lundblad, Barbro; Hellstrom, Anna-Lena

2005-01-01

405

Working Together for the Student: What I Learned from Two Years on a Primary School Board in New Zealand.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A former board member of a New Zealand primary school describes the country's political climate as radical economic libertarian; contract bidding among schools will soon be required. Elementary schools are child-centered and multicultural, operate year-round, involve the board and community, follow a national curriculum, and have overworked,…

Dyer, Samuel Coad

1998-01-01

406

Uses of Formal and Informal Assessments of English Language Learners in a Language Experience Class, School Year 2007-2008  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper will compare the uses of selected formal and informal assessments of English language learners (ELLs) in the Language Experience class [TRANSLANGEXP7(&8)-008] at Kimball Middle School, Illinois School District U-46, Elgin, Illinois, during school year 2007- 2008. See figure 1 (page 14) for a graphic display of these assessments and…

Montgomery, Joel R.

2008-01-01

407

Did Something Change in Health Promotion Practices? A Three-Year Study of Finnish European Network of Health Promoting Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In many countries, educational and health policies currently highlight the need to develop schools towards health promotion settings for pupils and school staff. The aim of this three-year follow-up study was to investigate teachers' assessments of goal attainment and possible changes in health promotion practices in the Finnish schools that…

Turunen, Hannele; Tossavainen, Kerttu; Jakonen, Sirkka; Vertio, Harri

2006-01-01

408

International Education in a National Context: Introducing the International Baccalaureate Middle Years Programme in Dutch Public Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Some bilingual secondary schools in the Netherlands have introduced or are introducing the International Baccalaureate (IB) Middle Years Programme (MYP).The implementation of this international scheme at (semi-) public national Dutch schools proves anything but unproblematic. Based on a series of questionnaires filled out by school managers and…

Visser, Alderik

2010-01-01

409

Milwaukee Independent Charter Schools Study: Final Report on Four-Year Achievement Gains. SCDP Milwaukee Evaluation Report #31  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The general purpose of this five-year evaluation is to assess the effectiveness of Milwaukee's independent charter schools in promoting student achievement growth. Independent charter schools are authorized by nonschool-district entities and are considered "independent" because they are not a part of the Milwaukee Public School District (MPS).…

Witte, John F.; Wolf, Patrick J.; Carlson, Deven; Dean, Alicia

2012-01-01

410

First-Year Principals in Urban School Districts: How Actions and Working Conditions Relate to Outcomes. Technical Report  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Principals new to their school face a variety of challenges that can influence their likelihood of improving their schools' performance and their likelihood of remaining the principal. Understanding the actions that principals take and the working conditions they face in the first year can inform efforts to promote school improvement and principal…

Burkhauser, Susan; Gates, Susan M.; Hamilton, Laura S.; Ikemoto, Gina Schuyler

2012-01-01

411

The Impact of Scheduling Changes on Student Achievement at Gunning Bedford Middle School: A One-Year Review  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Gunning Bedford Middle School is one of the largest middle schools in the State of Delaware. Demographically, its students are very diverse. In the past five years, the student population trend has changed as the area has grown. Like many schools in Delaware and around the nation, Gunning Bedford has a gap in the achievement of its students.…

Blakey, D. Dusty

2010-01-01

412

In Patience and Hope: A 20-Year Narrative Study of a Family, School, and Community Partnership  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This case study describes a 20-year journey of educational transformation from 1985 to 2005 in a bellwether, or highly developed, instance of one school, family, and community partnership--the Kileely Community Project--situated in a large social housing project in Limerick City in the Midwestern region of the Republic of Ireland. The study is a…

Higgins, Ann; Deegan, James G.

2009-01-01

413

The Longitudinal Relations of Teacher Expectations to Achievement in the Early School Years  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There is relatively little research on the role of teacher expectations in the early school years or the importance of teacher expectations as a predictor of future academic achievement. The current study investigated these issues in the reading and mathematic domains for young children. Data from nearly 1,000 children and families at 1st, 3rd,…

Hinnant, J. Benjamin; O'Brien, Marion; Ghazarian, Sharon R.

2009-01-01

414

The Impact of Years of Teaching Experience on the Classroom Management Approaches of Elementary School Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study provided a basis for answering the following essential question: Does the years of experience affect teachers' classroom management approaches? Data were collected from 268 primary school teachers. The findings of this study demonstrated that experienced teachers are more likely to prefer to be in control in their classrooms than…

Unal, Zafer; Unal, Aslihan

2012-01-01

415

A Review of NASP School Psychologist of the Year Award Recipients  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Granting awards to recognize outstanding service and leadership is among the more important functions of professional associations. The School Psychologist of the Year Award (SPYA) is one of several national-level recognitions. Although NASP's annual SPYA dates only to 1991, several state associations were already granting such distinctions. Their…

Fagan, Tom; Traylor, Tera

2009-01-01

416

Revenues and Expenditures for Public Elementary and Secondary Education: School Year 1997-98.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents national and state information on public education finances, including revenues by source, current expenditures by function, and current expenditures per pupil. About $326 billion of revenues were raised by local, state, and federal governments to finance public education through grade 12 in school year 1997-1998. (Author/SLD)

Johnson, Frank

2000-01-01

417

School Characteristics That Make a Difference for the Achievement of All Students: A 40-Year Odyssey  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to trace a 40-year research journey to identify organizational properties that foster the achievement of all students, regardless of socio-economic status (SES). Design/methodology/approach: The author describes a search for school properties that have an impact on the cognitive and social-emotional…

Hoy, Wayne

2012-01-01

418

The Makeup of the Modern US High School Astronomy Course -- 25 Years After Sadler's Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Surveys to nearly 3000 high school astronomy teachers portray the field for the first time in 25 years. This multimethods study included quantitative questions on the backgrounds of teachers, demographics of students, teaching styles and content, resources used such as websites, books, telescopes and planetaria, and qualitative questions on the effects of No Child Left Behind and high-stakes testing, teachers

Larry Krumenaker

2007-01-01

419

A Successful 2 Year Astronomy Program for the Hatch, New Mexico School Teachers  

Microsoft Academic Search

We report on a recently completed two year outreach program to the Hatch, New Mexico middle and elementary school science teachers. Our project was funded in part by a NASA supplemental grant for researchers (CORRECT TITLE?). In August 1992, we organized an intensive 2 day educational workshop with 10 science teachers. During this workshop we mixed hands-on experimentation and demonstrations

K. Marvel; J. Burns

1994-01-01

420

Randomized Trial of a Gatekeeper Program for Suicide Prevention: 1-Year Impact on Secondary School Staff  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Gatekeeper-training programs, designed to increase identification and referral of suicidal individuals, are widespread but largely untested. A group-based randomized trial with 32 schools examined impact of Question, Persuade, Refer (QPR) training on a stratified random sample of 249 staff with 1-year average follow-up. To test QPR impact, the…

Wyman, Peter A.; Brown, C. Hendricks; Inman, Jeff; Cross, Wendi; Schmeelk-Cone, Karen; Guo, Jing; Pena, Juan B.

2008-01-01

421

Dental Erosion and Its Risk Factors in 12-year-old School Children in Mashhad  

Microsoft Academic Search

Statement of Problem: The dental hard tissues might be destroyed by different factors. One is dental erosion defined as the progressive loss of hard dental tissues by a chemical process not involving bacterial action. Purpose: The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of dental erosion and its risk factors in 12-year-old school children. Materials and Methods: This

422

How to Build Powerful Learning Trajectories for Relational Thinking in the Primary School Years  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There are now strong arguments for building closer links between children's understanding of numbers and number operations and the beginning of algebraic (relational) thinking in the primary school years. Rarely, however, do Australian mathematics textbooks give enough guidance for teachers to use good activities in the classroom to promote…

Stephens, Max; Armanto, Dian

2010-01-01

423

1969-1970 Yearly Report: Consulting Teacher Program; Burlington School District.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reported is the 1969-70 school year of Vermont's Consulting Teacher Program (Burlington) during which two consulting teachers-in-training assisted 16 teachers and four aides in providing special educational services for 27 handicapped learners enrolled in regular elementary classrooms and two handicapped learners in special classes. The report…

Vermont Univ., Burlington. Coll. of Education.

424

Recreation Program Leadership; A Suggested Two-Year Post High School Curriculum.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This curriculum guide will aid administrators, supervisors, and teachers in post-high school institutions in planning and implementing programs designed to train recreation program leaders. Contents of the suggested 2-year curriculum cover: (1) background of the program, (2) general considerations such as selection of students, faculty, advisory…

Division of Manpower Development and Training. , BAVT.

425

Surgical Clinical Correlates in Anatomy: Design and Implementation of a First-Year Medical School Program  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This article describes the addition of a clinical program to a first year medical school curriculum. 25 students were randomly selected to participate in the program. Immediate outcomes measured include:pre-post opinion survey and examination grades. Future outcomes will analyze how this population vs. the traditional track students perform in course exams, clinical surgical rotation scores and residency matches.

2009-11-01

426

Stressful Situations Experienced by Six Year-Old Children when Starting Pre-School Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of this study is to examine stressful situations six-year-olds experience when they attend kindergarten for the first time. Study group consisted of 45 pre-school teachers working in kindergartens affiliated to Ministry of National Education in Konya. Qualitative research methods were used in the study. For this study, a semi-structured…

Durmusoglu Saltali, Neslihan; Erbay, Filiz

2013-01-01

427

Micturition habits and incontinence in 7-year-old Swedish school entrants  

Microsoft Academic Search

The prevalence of incontinence in children has been extensively studied, but knowledge of other bladder symptoms is lacking in a healthy child population. The micturition habits of 3556 7-year-old school entrants were surveyed by a questionnaire supplemented by telephone interviews. One or more symptoms of a disturbed bladder function was reported in 26%, but most of these had moderate urgency

A.-L. Hellström; E. Hanson; S. Hansson; K. Hjälmås; U. Jodal

1990-01-01

428

Extending the Research on the Tests of Early Numeracy: Longitudinal Analyses over Two School Years  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to extend the research on the "Tests of Early Numeracy" (TEN) by following a cohort of 61 students from kindergarten through first grade. Specifically, this study examined the relationship between kindergarten and first-grade TEN measures built within and across school years and their predictive validity of a math…

Baglici, Stephanie Petreshock; Codding, Robin; Tryon, Georgiana

2010-01-01

429

Families' Goals, School Involvement, and Children's Academic Achievement: A Follow-Up Study Thirteen Years Later  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study conducted from 1996-2000 focused on the academic development of children within a statewide educational reform effort, including changing the organizational structure of the early years of schooling into nongraded primary programs (formerly age-based classrooms for kindergarteners through third grade). The multisite study involved children…

Kyle, Diane W.

2011-01-01

430

The Genetic and Environmental Origins of Learning Abilities and Disabilities in the Early School Years  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Despite the importance of learning abilities and disabilities in education and child development, little is known about their genetic and environmental origins in the early school years. We report results for English (which includes reading, writing, and speaking), mathematics, and science as well as general cognitive ability in a large and…

Kovas, Yulia; Haworth, Claire M. A.; Dale, Philip S.; Plomin, Robert

2007-01-01

431

Academic and occupational career success ten years after high school graduation  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to assess the impact of various predictors on subjective and objective outcomes of academic and occupational career success ten years after High School graduation. Specifically this study examined the impact of cognitive ability, SES, parental influence, parental involvement, self concept, locus of control, educational aspirations, and occupational aspirations, on educational attainment, academic performance, meeting

Eleni Andrea Kaskiri

2006-01-01

432

The Development of Interpretations for Novel Noun-Noun Conceptual Combinations during the Early School Years  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research investigates issues surrounding early school children's use of the similarity between head and modifier terms in deriving interpretations for novel noun-noun conceptual combinations. In these experiments, 6- and 9-year-olds and adults were asked to formulate interpretations of similar and dissimilar conceptual combinations. Both…

Parault, S.J.; Schwanenflugel, P.J.; Haverback, H.R.

2005-01-01

433

Minnesota Family Literacy and School Readiness Study: Results through Year 2  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report presents findings from the two-year Minnesota Family Literacy and School Readiness study. It provides information on the impacts of participating Family Literacy programs and on the first and second cohorts of children (and their families) enrolled in these programs. The Minnesota Early Learning Foundation provided the Amherst H.…

Gozali-Lee, Edith; Mueller, Dan

2010-01-01

434

Yearly Changes in the Body Composition and Muscular Strength of High School Wrestlers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Changes in body composition as well as absolute and relative isokinetic forearm flexion and extension strength of high school wrestlers were studied. Increase in weight and improved wrestling performance were found to be, in part, a function of yearly changes in body composition and muscular strength. (JD)

Housh, Terry J.; And Others

1988-01-01

435

Community collaboration for underserved schools: A first-year honors service-learning seminar approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article describes the development and design of a first-year honors seminar which requires over 500 students to volunteer in underserved schools annually. This project aims to facilitate their transition into college and develop their leadership skills and civic responsibility, while concurrently addressing the lack of social studies instruction in the host classrooms are highlighted.

Trae Stewart

2009-01-01

436

Final 2004 Report on Adequate Yearly Progress in the Montgomery County Public Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The vast majority of Montgomery County public schools made sufficient progress on state testing and accountability standards in 2004 to comply with the adequate yearly progress (AYP) requirements under the "No Child Left Behind (NCLB) Act of 2001." Information released by the Maryland State Department of Education (MSDE) in October 2004 shows that…

Stevenson, Jose W.

2005-01-01

437

Thirty-Five Years of School Inspection: Raising Educational Standards for Children with Additional Needs?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this invited article, Chris Marshall, teacher, educational psychologist, university lecturer, and a former book reviews editor for "BJSE" who has been a leading figure in Her Majesty's Inspectorate, examines the inspection of schools over a period reflecting the 35 years during which "BJSE" has been published. Chris Marshall provides here a…

Marshall, Chris

2008-01-01

438

Adolescent Summer Care Arrangements and Risk for Obesity the Following School Year  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This longitudinal study identified common summer care arrangements for adolescents and examined whether those arrangements predicted risk for obesity (Body Mass Index (BMI) [greater than or equal to] 85th percentile for age and gender) the following school year. Participants were a nationally representative sample of 1766 adolescents ages 10-18…

Mahoney, Joseph L.

2011-01-01

439

40 Years after ESEA, Federal Role in Schools Is Broader than Ever  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reports on what has become of the federal schools legislation President Lyndon B. Johnson signed into law 40 years ago. The Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA) has been amended and rewritten many times since April 11, 1965, the day Mr. Johnson stood before the former one-room schoolhouse in Stonewall, Texas, he once attended…

Robelen, Erik W.

2005-01-01

440

What Are Some Innovative Assignment Ideas for a Good Start to a New School Year?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Teacher to Teacher" provides a forum for teachers to share ideas, materials, and activities. In this article, the authors offer some innovative assignment ideas for a good start to a new school year. These are: (1) writing mentors to improve students' nonfiction writing skills; (2) writing book reviews for real audiences and real purposes; and…

Marinella, Sandi; Winkler, Lisa; Tsui, Jonathan

2008-01-01

441

Mid-School Year Graduation, 1974. Instructional Services Division Research Report No. 3.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the Salinas Union High School District, California, diplomas are presented to qualified students at the end of either the fall or the spring semester. Graduation requirements specify courses, number of semesters, proficiency (or remedial in lieu of substitution), and number of cumulative units. Therefore, at mid-year two bodies of seniors are…

Salinas Union High School District, CA.

442

Secrets for Secondary School Teachers: How To Succeed in Your First Year.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book presents practical strategies to help secondary teachers succeed in their first year of teaching. The 16 chapters include the following: (1) Learning Your Way Around the School (getting oriented, making friends, learning rules and traditions, meeting others); (2) Organizing Your Room (taking inventory and assessing flow, movement, space,…

Kottler, Ellen; Kottler, Jeffrey A.; Kottler, Cary J.

443

White Collar Work: Career Ambitions of Fiji Final Year School Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The career ambitions of 1012 pupils in the final years of secondary schooling in Fiji were surveyed. The range of careers they nominated was very narrow, with teaching, nursing and other white collar work in the majority of responses. This stands in somewhat stark contrast to projected labour force needs, and the current serious shortage of…

Nilan, Pam; Cavu, Paula; Tagicakiverata, Isimeli; Hazelman, Emily

2006-01-01

444

Beating the Odds: Individual District Profiles. Results from the 2008-09 School Year  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This edition of "Beating the Odds" presents student achievement from 2008 to 2009. Individual district profiles of student achievement are presented. [For a related report, "Beating the Odds: Analysis of Student Performance on State Assessments and NAEP. Results from the 2008-09 School Year," see ED508975.

Council of the Great City Schools, 2009

2009-01-01

445

Gender Differences in Science Learning of Japanese Junior High School Students: A Two Year Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents the results of a 2-year study conducted in Japanese junior high schools to examine the changes in attitude towards science with regard to gender difference. The Third International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS) identifies Japan as the country with the largest gender gap in "liking science." The results of the study…

Nakazawa, Chie; Takahira, Sayuri; Muramatsu, Yasuko; Kawano, Ginko; Fujiwara, Chika; Takahashi, Michiko; Ikegami, Toru

446

Lau Year-End Report, 1979-1980. Los Angeles Unified School District. Publication No. 379.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This second annual year-end report summarizes the efforts of administrators, teachers, and students in the Los Angeles Unified School District on behalf of children whose primary language is not English. It documents the district's response to the January 1974 Supreme Court decision in Lau v. Nichols. The response is embodied in programs for…

Weisbender, Leo; And Others

447

Elementary to High School Students' Growth over an Academic Year in Understanding Concepts of Matter  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reports findings on the changes in students' understandings of the concept of matter during an academic year, for students from grade 3 through high school chemistry. The instrument for measuring students' understandings of matter consists of three forms: one for grades 3-6, one for grades 7-9, and one for grades 10-12. The three forms…

Liu, Xiufeng

2007-01-01

448

Motivation in the classroom: Reciprocal effects of teacher behavior and student engagement across the school year  

Microsoft Academic Search

On the basis of a new model of motivation, we examined the effects of 3 dimensions of teacher (n = 14) behavior (involvement, structure, and autonomy support) on 144 children's (Grades 3-5) behavioral and emotional engagement across a school year. Correlational and path analyses revealed that teacher involvement was central to children's experiences in the classroom and that teacher provision

Ellen A. Skinner; Michael J. Belmont

1993-01-01

449

Psychiatry in the Harvard Medical School-Cambridge Integrated Clerkship: An Innovative, Year-Long Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: The authors present what is to their knowledge the first description of a model for longitudinal third-year medical student psychiatry education. Method: A longitudinal, integrated psychiatric curriculum was developed, implemented, and sustained within the Harvard Medical School-Cambridge Integrated Clerkship. Curriculum elements…

Griswold, Todd; Bullock, Christopher; Gaufberg, Elizabeth; Albanese, Mark; Bonilla, Pedro; Dvorak, Ramona; Epelbaum, Claudia; Givon, Lior; Kueppenbender, Karsten; Joseph, Robert; Boyd, J. Wesley; Shtasel, Derri

2012-01-01

450

Substance Use by Fourth-Year Students at 13 U.S. Medical Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study investigated drug use by fourth-year medical students in 13 schools and compared drug use patterns with those of an age- and sex-matched cohort. Medical students reported less use of marijuana, cocaine, cigarettes, LSD, barbiturates, and amphetamines, similar use of opiates, and slightly more use of tranquilizers and alcohol. (MSE)

Conard, Scott; And Others

1988-01-01

451

Reading and Related Skills in the Early School Years: Are Boys Really More Likely to Struggle?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined whether boys and girls in the early school years differed in reading and related skills, and their rates of progress. Gender ratios were calculated to ascertain whether there were more boys than girls who struggle with different facets of reading, and whether the variability of boys' scores resulted in more boys being…

Limbrick, Lisa; Wheldall, Kevin; Madelaine, Alison

2012-01-01

452

Gender in the Early Years: Boys and Girls in an African Working Class Primary School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Understanding the ways in which young boys and girls give meaning to gender and sexuality is vital, and is especially significant in the light of South Africa's commitment to gender equality. Yet the, gendered cultures of young children in the early years of South African primary schools remains a, marginal concern in debate, research and…

Bhana, Deevia; Nzimakwe, Thokozani; Nzimakwe, Phumzile

2011-01-01

453

Twelve Year Survey of Media Availability in Public Schools in Washington State.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A series of four questionnaires were mailed to schools in the state of Washington over a 12 year period to: (1) determine trends in media availability; (2) attempt to establish data for projections of media availability in the near future; and (3) consider geographic regions according to different availability. The surveys included 76 items…

Gebhardt, Richard F.

454

Pittsburgh Public Schools' Excellence for All: Year 2 Evaluation. Documented Briefing. DB-575-PPS  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 2007, the Pittsburgh Public Schools (PPS) requested that the RAND Corporation monitor implementation of year 2 (2007-2008) of the district's Excellence for All (EFA) initiative and provide feedback to district staff, the PPS board, and other stakeholders. In 2008, RAND expanded to a more comprehensive focus on effective implementation of EFA's…

Tharp-Taylor, Shannah; Nelson, Catherine Awsumb; Hamilton, Laura S.; Yuan, Kun

2009-01-01

455

Effects of Year-Round Schooling on Disadvantaged Students and the Distribution of Standardized Test Performance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using detailed longitudinal data for the state of California, this paper estimates the effect of year-round school calendars on nationally standardized test performance of traditionally disadvantaged students. The student subgroups studied in this paper are: low socioeconomic status, limited English proficiency, Hispanic and Latino, and African…

Graves, Jennifer

2011-01-01

456

Fiscal Procedures for Special Education Pupil Reimbursement. Revised for 1998-99 School Year.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This handbook is a compilation of fiscal procedures and instructions to assist Illinois local education agencies in claiming reimbursement for special education services for the 1998-99 school year. It contains: (1) general instructions for completing the Special Education Pupil Reimbursement form; (2) instructions for filling out sections…

Illinois State Board of Education, Springfield. Center for Fiscal and Shared Services.

457

A Program in the Making: Year 1 Annual Report. NASA Explorer Schools Evaluation Brief 3  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The briefs in the NES Evaluation Briefs series provide updates on evaluation results relevant to the design, implementation, and impact of the NES program. This Brief highlights how the program was implemented in Year 1. The Brief provides contextual information about participating schools, organizational approaches to participation, strategic…

Hernandez, Victor; McGee, Steven; Reese, Debbie Denise; Kirby, Jennifer; Martin, Judy

2004-01-01

458

Remediation for Auxiliary Service Students; Evaluation Period, School Year 1974-1975.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report presents a description and evaluation of the Auxiliary Services Program. This program provided counseling, remedial math and remedial reading instruction, and high school equivalency study to Title I students who were two or more years below grade level. Eleven day and evening centers located in various boroughs in New York…

Bertoldi, Arthur R.

459

Cognitive Socialisation of 4-Year-Old Children in Nursery School.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using a test-observe-test design with a sample of 29 4-year-old children, this study examined the relationship between children's activity choices in a typical progressive nursery school and their intellectual performance, socioeconomic status (SES), and sex. An attempt was made to identify those experiential factors associated with changes in…

Murphy, H. F.; Wilkinson, J. E.

460

Let Us Not Forget to Support LGBT Youth in the Middle School Years  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article starts with a story of 14-year-old Robbie Kirkland who committed suicide after a four-year struggle to accept and find peace with his homosexuality. Robbie knew he was gay at age 10, told his family, and his family loved, accepted, and supported him. But that was not enough, because every day Robbie had to go to school and face the…

Bailey, Norma J.

2005-01-01

461

Technology Preparation Pilot Test. Year 2, School Year 1990-91. Evaluation Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An evaluation described Tech Prep prototypes as they were implemented in five different Indiana sites and assessed their effectiveness. Evaluation procedures included: (1) collection and analysis of data from students involved in Tech Prep for the first time in 1990-91 and students involved for the second year; (2) analysis of prototype project…

Wentling, Tim L.; And Others

462

After School Astronomy Clubs: Lessons Learned from Over 10 Years of Collaboration  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

After School Astronomy clubs are unique in focusing on children in the K-12 grades as opposed to the numerous Amateur Astronomy Clubs within the US and abroad whose membership is largely adult focused. Over the last 12 years, we have identified over 100 clubs that were previously running in isolation, provided them with science and education resources and a means to communicate, created an online community of after School Astronomy Clubs, and facilitated the development of new clubs. Over this time, our model for developing and running these clubs has changed as we gained experience with various target populations, educational settings, and external partners and as best practices have emerged regarding engagement, impact, pedagogy, and sustainability. This talk will highlight these experiences and practices and discuss implications for future development of the After School Astronomy Club program.

Mayo, Louis

2010-10-01

463

School-level correlates of physical activity intensity in 10-year old children  

PubMed Central

Purpose Little is known about school environmental factors that promote or inhibit activity, especially from studies using objective measures in large representative samples. We therefore aimed to study associations between activity intensities and physical and social school environmental factors. Methods A population-based sample of 1908 British children (SPEEDY study), mean age 10.3 years (SD: 0.3), recruited from 92 schools across Norfolk, UK, with valid activity data (assessed with Actigraph accelerometers). Outcome measures were school-based (8am-4pm on weekdays) time (in minutes) spent in sedentary (<100 counts/min), moderate (2000-3999 counts/min) and vigorous (?4000 counts/min) activity. A total of 40 school physical and social environmental factors were assessed. Multivariable multilevel linear regression analyses adjusted for children’s sex and body mass index were conducted; interactions with sex were investigated. Results Availability of a ‘Park and Stride’ scheme was negatively associated with sedentary minutes (?7.74; 95%CI: ?14.8;?0.70). Minutes of moderate activity were associated with the availability of a lollypop person (1.33, 95%CI: 0.35;2.62) and objectively-assessed walking provision (1.70, 95%CI: 0.85;2.56). The number of sports facilities of at least medium quality (0.47, 95%CI: 0.16;0.79), not having a policy on physical activity (?2.28, 95%CI: ?3.62;?0.95), and, in boys only, provision of pedestrian training (1.89; 95%CI: 0.77;3.01) were associated with minutes of vigorous activity. Conclusions Only a small number of school-level factors were associated with children’s objectively-measured physical activity intensity, giving few pointers for potential future intervention efforts. Further research should focus on using objective measures to elucidate what factors may explain the school-level variance in activity levels.

van Sluijs, Esther MF; Jones, Natalia R; Jones, Andrew P; Sharp, Stephen J; Harrison, Flo; Griffin, Simon J

2013-01-01

464

Five Years of the RoBOT "Rocks Beneath Our Toes" High School Outreach Program  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The "Rocks Beneath Our Toes" or RoBOT Program began in 2006 as part of an NSF CAREER award through the Geochemistry and Petrology Program. The educational outreach program engages Boston area high school students in a hands on study of rocks and minerals collected in their communities. The goal is to provide high school students a unique window into modern scientific methods of geochemistry and mineralogy and create a higher level of interest and awareness of geoscience amongst Massachusetts secondary school students who are less often exposed to earth science coursework. Beginning with a joint field trip to sampling sites identified by participants, high school students work with Boston University undergraduates enrolled in Mineralogy to analyze their samples in thin section. During the field trip, each BU undergraduate is paired with a high school student. The assignment of student pairings (started in year 2) dramatically increased student interactions and enjoyment. The program culminates with a visit by the high school group to tour BU's lab facilities and work with the undergraduates using the petrographic microscopes to explore their rock. At this visit, BU undergraduates present their semester's work in one-on-one powerpoint presentations from which discussion and microscope work follow. Thus far, >50 high school students, >40 undergraduates, and 7 high school educators were involved in the program. This included participants from three different suburban Boston area high schools and with students enrolled in the BU "Upward Bound" program: an existing program designed to enhance educational opportunities for Boston inner city high school students. Participant reviews indicate great success in achieving the program's goals. Notably, both BU undergraduates and high school students rated the opportunities for interaction with eachother among the best aspects of RoBOT. On a scale of 1 to 10, BU undergraduates rated the following four categories highest: powerpoint presentations to students (8.5); field trip (8.4); working together with microscopes (8.3); would you recommend RoBOT to others (8.2). The high school students rated the following four categories highest: RoBOT provided new geosciences experiences (9.3); working together with microscopes (9.0); tour of BU labs (8.7); powerpoint presentations by students (8.4). In addition, the PI was able to recruit top undergraduate students from Mineralogy and the RoBOT experience to join his research group where they could contribute to broader CAREER award research aims. Challenges and areas for improvement remain for the future of RoBOT. These include keeping participants engaged between the field trip and the BU visit, logistics of field trip scheduling especially with larger groups requiring more field sites and samples, and the ability to gain the interest and collaboration of secondary school educators to initiate the program in the first place. This has proven especially difficult for high schools that do not offer any earth science curriculum, indicating once again the uphill battle in perception that the geosciences face at the secondary school level.

Baxter, E. F.

2011-12-01

465

Psychologists in medical schools and academic medical centers: Over 100 years of growth, influence, and partnership.  

PubMed

Psychologists have served on the faculties of medical schools for over 100 years. Psychologists serve in a number of different roles and make substantive contributions to medical schools' tripartite mission of research, education, and clinical service. This article provides an overview of the history of psychologists' involvement in medical schools, including their growing presence in and integration with diverse departments over time. We also report findings from a survey of medical school psychologists that explored their efforts in nonclinical areas (i.e., research, education, administration) as well as clinical endeavors (i.e., assessment, psychotherapy, consultation). As understanding of the linkage between behavioral and psychological factors and health status and treatment outcomes increases, the roles of psychologists in health care are likely to expand beyond mental health. An increasing focus on accountability-related to treatment outcomes and interprofessional research, education, and models of care delivery-will likely provide additional opportunities for psychologists within health care and professional education. The well-established alignment of psychologists' expertise and skills with the mission and complex organizational needs of medical schools augurs a partnership on course to grow stronger. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2014 APA, all rights reserved). PMID:24588315

Robiner, William N; Dixon, Kim E; Miner, Jacob L; Hong, Barry A

2014-04-01

466

Summer Rejuvenation Guide: 10 Tips to Help You Relax, Reflect, and Recharge for the Coming School Year  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

During the rush of the school year, free time is an all-too-scarce commodity for busy teachers. Summer's another story. More relaxed schedules allow a little breathing room to reflect, collaborate, plan ahead--or just unwind. The time off is all important for helping teachers get reinvigorated and ready for the new school year. Whether your summer…

George Lucas Educational Foundation, 2010

2010-01-01

467

An Investigation of Emotional Skills of Six-Year-Old Children Attending Nursery School According to Some Variables  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study is for the emotional skills of six-year-old children attending nursery school according to some variables. The participants were 306 (135 girls and 171 boys) six-year-old children attending nursery school. Data were collected from Assessment of Children's Emotional Skills and personal information form. In order to analyze…

Durmusoglu-Saltali, Neslihan; Arslan, Emel

2011-01-01

468

Core Knowledge Curriculum: Three-Year Analysis of Implementation and Effects in Five Schools. Report No. 40.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This technical report presents third-year analyses of the progress of five Maryland elementary schools participating in a multi-school, multi-district implementation of the Core Knowledge curriculum. Third-year results are presented in the areas of implem...

B. McHugh S. Stringfield

1999-01-01

469

Early Childhood Behavioral Inhibition and Social and School Adjustment in Chinese Children: A 5-Year Longitudinal Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined relations between early behavioral inhibition and social and school outcomes in Chinese children (N = 200). Data on behavioral inhibition were collected from a sample of 2-year-olds in China. Follow-up data on social behaviors, peer relationships, and school performance were collected from multiple sources at 7 years of age.…

Chen, Xinyin; Chen, Huichang; Li, Dan; Wang, Li

2009-01-01

470

The Relationship between First-Year Achievement and the Pedagogical-Didactical Fit between Secondary School and University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Central in this study is the degree to which the pedagogical-didactical approach in undergraduate programmes aligns with the pedagogical-didactical approach in secondary schools, and how this is related to first-year achievement. Approaches to teaching at secondary schools and in first-year university programmes were examined by interviewing…

Torenbeek, Marjolein; Jansen, Ellen; Hofman, Adriaan

2011-01-01

471

AprenDes-PERU: Innovations in Decentralization and Active Schools. Report on Year 1. Aprendes Performance Monitoring Plan. Revision  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document summarizes the results obtained by the AprenDes project in 2004, the project's first year of implementation. It provides the principal findings on program performance from a baseline in May 2004 to the end of the school year (late October 2004). Progress on a number of project objectives related to decentralized school- and…

Montane, Angelica; Chesterfield, Ray

2005-01-01

472

A Comparison of Financing Illinois Unit School Districts for the School Year 1974-75 with the Alternative Financing Models Developed by the National Educational Finance Project.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study compares the present method of financing Illinois public schools for the school year 1973-74 with six alternative financing models developed by the National Educational Finance Project (NEFP). The NEFP models were as follows: complete local support, flat grant with local leeway limit of 12 mills of equalized assessed valuation,…

Conti, Dennis R.

473

The Praxis of Educational Leadership versus the Cult of Managerialism: Developing a Model for the Professional Development of School Leaders during the Initial Years of Tomorrow's Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

New Zealand education underwent reform in 1989. The first seven years of education reform were marked by drastic systemic change in the administrative system coupled with very few support links or services for schools. The school principals were cast primarily as middle managers, which lessened their focus on the educational aspect of their role.…

Robertson, Jan

474

Public Elementary and Secondary School Student Enrollment and Staff Counts from the Common Core of Data: School Year 2008-09. First Look. NCES 2010-347  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report presents findings on the numbers of public school students and staff in the United States and other jurisdictions in school year 2008-09, using data from the State Nonfiscal Survey of Public Elementary/Secondary Education of the Common Core of Data (CCD) survey system. The CCD is an annual collection of data that are reported by state…

Sable, Jennifer; Plotts, Chris

2010-01-01

475

Public Elementary and Secondary School Student Enrollment and Staff Counts from the Common Core of Data: School Year 2010-11. First Look. NCES 2012-327  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report presents findings on the numbers of public school students and staff in the United States and other jurisdictions for school year 2010-11, using data from the State Nonfiscal Survey of Public Elementary/Secondary Education of the Common Core of Data (CCD) survey system. The CCD is an annual collection of data that are reported by state…

Keaton, Patrick

2012-01-01

476

Identifying the Characteristics of Effective High Schools: Report from Year One of the National Center on Scaling up Effective Schools. Research Report  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The National Center on Scaling up Effective Schools (NCSU) is a five-year project working to develop, implement, and test new processes to scale up effective practices in high schools that districts will be able to apply within the context of their own unique goals and circumstances. This report describes the activities and findings of the first…

Rutledge, Stacey; Cohen-Vogel, Lora; Osborne-Lampkin, La'Tara

2012-01-01

477

Public Elementary and Secondary School Student Enrollment and Staff Counts from the Common Core of Data: School Year 2009-10. First Look. NCES 2011-347  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report presents findings on the numbers of public school students and staff in the United States and other jurisdictions in school year 2009-10, using data from the State Nonfiscal Survey of Public Elementary/Secondary Education of the Common Core of Data (CCD) survey system. The CCD is an annual collection of data that are reported by state…

Chen, Chen-Su

2011-01-01

478

Public High School Dropouts and Completers from the Common Core of Data: School Years 1998-99 and 1999-2000.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Draws on the Common Core of Data (CCD; National Center for Education Statistics) to present information on the number and percentage of students dropping out or completing school (among states that reported dropouts) for school years 1989-1999 and 1999-2000. Discusses differences between CCD and Current Population Survey dropout statistics. (SLD)

Young, Beth Aronstamm

2002-01-01

479

Public Elementary and Secondary School Student Enrollment and Staff from the Common Core of Data: School Year 2006-07. First Look. NCES 2009-305  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report presents findings on the numbers of public school students and staff in the United States and other jurisdictions in school year 2006-07, using data from the State Nonfiscal Survey of Public Elementary/Secondary Education of the Common Core of Data (CCD) survey system. The CCD is an annual collection of data that are reported by State…

Sable, Jennifer; Noel, Amber; Hoffman, Lee

2008-01-01

480

Using Learning Walks to Improve Collaboration and Charter School Performance (A University/?P-12 School Partnership): Year One  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many universities exist apart from their community's public schools. A New Orleans area public university took measures to facilitate collaborative partnerships with four public schools. Those schools were taken over and converted to charter schools by state officials for poor performance. The partnerships created simultaneous opportunities…

Bole, Paul Thomas; Farizo, Kenneth Paul

2013-01-01

481

41 CFR 302-8.301 - What obligations do I have if I do not report for service at the beginning of the next school year?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...for service at the beginning of the next school year? 302-8.301 Section 302-8...HOUSEHOLD GOODS (HHG) Storage During School Recess for Department of Defense Overseas Dependents School (DoDDS) Teachers §...

2013-07-01

482

Dental school vacant budgeted faculty positions, academic years 2008-09 to 2010-11.  

PubMed

The annual turnover of dental school faculty creates a varying number of vacant budgeted positions from year to year. The American Dental Education Association (ADEA) conducts an annual survey to determine the status and characteristics of these vacant faculty positions. The number of vacant budgeted faculty positions in U.S. dental schools increased throughout the 1990s, with a peak of 417 positions in 2005-06. Since that time, there has been a decrease in the number of estimated vacancies, falling to 227 in 2010-11. The 2008-09 to 2010-11 faculty vacancy surveys explored these decreases, along with information relevant to the number and characteristics of dental faculty vacancies, including data on the distribution of full-time, part-time, and volunteer faculty, reasons for faculty separations, and sources of new faculty. PMID:24843898

Garrison, Gwen E; McAllister, Dora Elías; Anderson, Eugene L; Valachovic, Richard W

2014-04-01

483

Becoming a fluent and automatic reader in the early elementary school years  

PubMed Central

The goals of this study were to (a) develop an empirically based model regarding the development of fluent and automatic reading in the early elementary school years and (b) determine whether fluent text-reading skills provided benefits for reading comprehension beyond those accounted for by fluent word decoding. First-, second-, and third-grade children completed a series of reading tasks targeting word and nonword processing, text reading, spelling knowledge, autonomous reading, and reading comprehension. Structural equation modeling was carried out to evaluate how these skills operated together to produce fluent text reading and good comprehension. Evidence supported a simple reading fluency model for the early elementary school years suggesting that fluent word and text reading operate together with autonomous reading to produce good comprehension.

SCHWANENFLUGEL, PAULA J.; MEISINGER, ELIZABETH B.; WISENBAKER, JOSEPH M.; KUHN, MELANIE R.; STRAUSS, GREGORY P.; MORRIS, ROBIN D.

2009-01-01

484

High School Academic Curriculum and the Persistence Path through College. Persistence and Transfer Behavior of Undergraduates 3 Years after Entering 4-Year Institutions. Postsecondary Education Descriptive Analysis Reports.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report examines the relationship between high school academic curricula and students' persistence path through college, approximately 3 years after first enrolling. The data are drawn from the 1995-96 Beginning Postsecondary Students Survey, a longit...

L. Horn C. D. Carroll L. K. Kojaku

2001-01-01

485

SYSTEMS: School-Years Screening Test for the Evaluation of Mental Status  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper introduces the School-Years Screening Test for Evaluation of Mental Status (SYSTEMS). It was designed to be used by neurologists, pediatricians, and other health professionals assessing children with suspected cognitive problems or changes. SYSTEMS was initially based on the adult Mini-Mental State Examination developed by Folstein, Folstein, and McHugh in 1975. SYSTEMS is a 7- to 12-minute, one-on-one interview

Robert Ouvrier; Julie Hendy; Laurel Bornholt; Fiona H. Black

1999-01-01

486

Randomized Trial of a Gatekeeper Program for Suicide Prevention: 1Year Impact on Secondary School Staff  

Microsoft Academic Search

Gatekeeper-training programs, designed to increase identification and referral of suicidal individuals, are widespread but largely untested. A group-based randomized trial with 32 schools examined impact of Question, Persuade, Refer (QPR) training on a stratified random sample of 249 staff with 1-year average follow-up. To test QPR impact, the authors introduced and contrasted 2 models of gatekeeper-training effects in a population:

Peter A. Wyman; C. Hendricks Brown; Jeff Inman; Wendi Cross; Karen Schmeelk-Cone; Jing Guo; Juan B. Pena

2008-01-01

487

Motivational climate and attitudes towards exercise in Greek senior high school: A year-long intervention  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was the application of a year-long intervention program, in typical Greek physical education school classes, which aimed to change motivational climate, goal orientations, motivation, and students' attitudes toward exercise and nutrition. Participants in the intervention program included 105 Grade-10 students, and 529 students of the same age took part as a control grou|pImmediately after the

Triantafylos Christodoulidis; Athanasios Papaioannou; Nikolaos Digelidis

2001-01-01

488

The behavior and adjustment in school of seven?year?olds: sex and social class differences  

Microsoft Academic Search

The results presented are from a longitudinal study of the whole of one week's births in Britain. At seven years the children's teachers completed a social?adjustment schedule (B.S.A.G.) for each child. Analysis of the overall score derived from the B.S.A.G. shows that many more boys than girls show deviant behavior in school at this age and that such behavior is

Ronald Davie

1973-01-01

489

Vaccination coverage among children in kindergarten--United States, 2009-10 school year.  

PubMed

Healthy People 2020 objectives include maintaining vaccination coverage among children in kindergarten (IID-10) (1). The target is ?95% vaccination coverage for the following vaccines: poliovirus; diphtheria and tetanus toxoids and acellular pertussis (DTP/DTaP/DT); measles, mumps, and rubella (MMR); hepatitis B (HepB); and varicella (1). Data from school assessment surveys are used to monitor vaccination coverage and vaccination exemption levels among children enrolled in kindergarten. This report summarizes data from school assessment surveys submitted to CDC by 48 federal immunization program grantees (including 47 states and the District of Columbia) for the 2009-10 school year to describe vaccination coverage and exemption rates (2). For that period, 17 grantees reported coverage of ?95% for four vaccines (poliovirus, DTP/DTaP/DT, MMR, and HepB) and four grantees reported coverage of ?95% for 2 doses of varicella vaccine. Total exemption rates, including medical, religious, and philosophical exemptions, ranged from <1% to 6.2% across grantees, and 15 grantees reported exemption rates<1%. Survey methods for vaccination coverage and exemption rates varied among grantees, making comparisons difficult and limiting the use of school assessment surveys to report aggregate national rates. Further standardization of school assessment survey methods will generate comparable data between grantees to monitor and track progress in reaching national objectives, and allow development of best practice guidelines for grantees to more effectively use and report school coverage and exemption data. CDC will continue to monitor vaccination coverage and exemption levels and assist grantees in identification of local areas with low vaccination coverage or high exemption rates for further evaluation or intervention. PMID:21637184

2011-06-01

490

Correlation between fitness and fatness in 6-14-year old Serbian school children.  

PubMed

Lack of physical activity and/or physical fitness are some reasons epidemiologists suggest for increase in childhood obesity in the last 20 years, with clear correlation between body composition and physical activity and/or physical fitness yet to be determined. The objectives of the study were to (a) investigate the prevalence of overweight and obesity among Serbian school children and (b) determine the relationship between indicators of physical activity and body fatness in Serbian school children aged 6-14 years. The study subjects included a representative sample of Serbian elementary school children (n = 1,121-754 boys and 367 girls-aged 6.2-14.1 years), all of whom were recruited in the OLIMP (Obesity and Physical Activity among Serbian School Children) study. Anthropometric and physical fitness values, including body mass index (BMI), waist-circumference, body-fat, and aerobic capacity, were measured in all the children. Significant differences were found between male and female children regarding the prevalence of obesity (6.8% vs 8.2%, p < 0.05, boys and girls respectively). Boys had significantly lower body mass, BMI, waist-circumference, sum of six skinfolds, and body-fat compared to their female counterparts (p < 0.05). The highest level of weight, BMI, body-fat, and waist-circumference observed in a 14-year old girl (96.3 kg, 40.5 kg/m2, 54.5%, 91.4 cm respectively) implies the existence of extreme obesity in Serbian school children. The negative relationship between body-fat and maximal oxygen (VO2max) uptake was moderately high (r = -0.76; p < 0.05). The study has shown a high prevalence of adiposity among Serbian school children, with a strong negative relationship between aerobic fitness and body fatness. Data of the study emphasize the necessity to identify children with weight problems and to develop early interventions to improve physical activity in children and prevent the increase of childhood obesity. PMID:21528790

Ostojic, Sergej M; Stojanovic, Marko D; Stojanovic, Vladan; Maric, Jelena; Njaradi, Nenad

2011-02-01

491

Secondary School Literacy Project: A Summary of Student Outcomes on the Degrees of Reading Power Test, Academic Year 1999-2000.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Secondary School Literacy Project (SSLiP) is a partnership between the Bay Area Coalition of Essential Schools (BayCES) and the Strategic Literacy Initiative at WestEd (SLI). SSLiP is a professional development and capacity building program for teams of teachers in the BayCES network of schools. During the 1999-2000 school year, seven school

WestEd, San Francisco, CA.

492

A Curriculum for a Three Year High School Science Research Program  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A three-year high school science research program has been taught in Woodbridge Township School District - Woodbridge, New Jersey, since 1987. The program's focus is to foster originial science research projects for high school students that have shown an aptitude and an interest in science. Students are instructed in basic research skills, including developing and conducting original research projects, statistical analysis, scientific writing, and presentation of research at local and national symposia, and science fairs. Upon completion of the third year all students are required to submit a paper, suitable for journal publication, detailing their research. Participating students have gone on to win awards with Westinghouse, Intel, The National Junior Science and Humanities Symposium, the International Science and Engineering Fair, New Jersey Academy of Sciences, and local and regional science fairs and symposia. Participating teachers have been recoginized by the Sigma Xi Research Society of Rutgers University for excellence in science teaching. New Jersey awarded the curriulum a Best Practice Award for 2003. Goals and strategies of the curriculum are detailed in a guide written for the courses. Professional development for the courses and resources for mentoring programs are the responsibility of the District Science Supervisor, and have been fostered over the years with the assistance of local colleges and universities including Rutgers Univesity, Monmouth University, University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey, Liberty Science Center of New Jersey's Partners in Science Program, as well as local industries including Hatco Corporation, Merck Corporation, Englehard Corporation, and Lucent Technologies. Science Research teachers have conducted developmental workshops for school districts interested in implementing similar curricula.

Darytichen, F.; Danch, J.

2003-12-01

493

Assessing middle school students` understanding of science relationships and processes: Year 2 - instrument validation. Final report  

SciTech Connect

Our overall purpose for this multi-year project was to develop an alternative assessment format measuring rural middle school students understanding of science concepts and processes and the interrelationships among them. This kind of understanding is called structural knowledge. We had 3 major interrelated goals: (1) Synthesize the existing literature and critically evaluate the actual and potential use of measures of structural knowledge in science education. (2) Develop a structural knowledge alternative assessment format. (3) Examine the validity of our structural knowledge format. We accomplished the first two goals during year 1. The structural knowledge assessment we identified and developed further was a select-and-fill-in concept map format. The goal for our year 2 work was to begin to validate this assessment approach. This final report summarizes our year 2 work.

Schau, C.; Mattern, N.; Weber, R.; Minnick, K.

1997-01-01

494

Influences on the Satisfaction and Retention of 1st-Year Teachers: The Importance of Effective School Management  

Microsoft Academic Search

Data from two panel studies, the 1993 to 1995 nationwide Schools and Staffing Survey and the Teacher Follow-Up Survey, as well as a 1998-1999 survey of teachers in one western state are used to examine the influenceof variables related to demographic characteristics, work assignment, effectiveness, social support, and school management on the satisfaction and retention decisions of 1st-year public school

Jean Stockard; Michael Bryan Lehman

2004-01-01