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1

Standardization of the 24-hour diet recall calibration method used in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC): general concepts and preliminary results  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objectives: Despite increasing interest in the concept of calibration in dietary surveys, there is still little experience in the use and standardization of a common reference dietary method, especially in international studies. In this paper, we present the general theoretical framework and the approaches developed to standardize the computer-assisted 24 h diet recall method (EPIC-SOFT) used to collect about 37

N. Slimani; P. Ferrari; M. Ocké; A. Welch; H Boeing; M van Liere; V Pala; P Amiano; A Lagiou; I Mattisson; C Stripp; D Engeset; R Charrondière; M Buzzard; W van Staveren; E Riboli

2000-01-01

2

Validation of a group 24-hour recall method for dietary assessment  

E-print Network

A group 24-hour recall method developed by the Expanded Food and Nutrition Education Program of Texas was validated in a population of low-income female food service workers using unobtrusive meal observation as a validation standard. All subjects...

Scott, Amanda Renee

2012-06-07

3

Validity of a multipass, web-based, 24-hour self-administered recall for assessment of total energy intake in blacks and whites.  

PubMed

To date, Web-based 24-hour recalls have not been validated using objective biomarkers. From 2006 to 2009, the validity of 6 Web-based DietDay 24-hour recalls was tested among 115 black and 118 white healthy adults from Los Angeles, California, by using the doubly labeled water method, and the results were compared with the results of the Diet History Questionnaire, a food frequency questionnaire developed by the National Cancer Institute. The authors performed repeated measurements in a subset of 53 subjects approximately 6 months later to estimate the stability of the doubly labeled water measurement. The attenuation factors for the DietDay recall were 0.30 for blacks and 0.26 for whites. For the Diet History Questionnaire, the attenuation factors were 0.15 and 0.17 for blacks and whites, respectively. Adjusted correlations between true energy intake and the recalls were 0.50 and 0.47 for blacks and whites, respectively, for the DietDay recall. For the Diet History Questionnaire, they were 0.34 and 0.36 for blacks and whites, respectively. The rate of underreporting of more than 30% of calories was lower with the recalls than with the questionnaire (25% and 41% vs. 34% and 52% for blacks and whites, respectively). These findings suggest that Web-based DietDay dietary recalls offer an inexpensive and widely accessible dietary assessment alternative, the validity of which is equally strong among black and white adults. The validity of the Web-administered recall was superior to that of the paper food frequency questionnaire. PMID:22021561

Arab, Lenore; Tseng, Chi-Hong; Ang, Alfonso; Jardack, Patricia

2011-12-01

4

Development and validity of a 3-day smartphone-assisted 24-hour recall to assess beverage consumption in a Chinese population: a randomized cross-over study  

PubMed Central

This paper addresses the need for diet assessment methods that capture the rapidly changing beverage consumption patterns in China. The objective of this study was to develop a 3-day smartphone-assisted 24-hour recall to improve the quantification of beverage intake amongst young Chinese adults (n=110) and validate, in a small subset (n=34), the extent to which the written record and smartphone-assisted recalls adequately estimated total fluid intake, using 24-hour urine samples. The smartphone-assisted method showed improved validity compared to the written-assisted method, when comparing reported total fluid intake to total urine volume. However, participants reported consuming fewer beverages on the smartphone-assisted method compared to the written-assisted method, primarily due to decreased consumption of traditional zero-energy beverages (i.e. water, tea) in the smartphone-assisted method. It is unclear why participants reported fewer beverages in the smartphone-assisted method than the written-assisted method. One possibility is that participants found the smartphone method too cumbersome, and responded by decreasing beverage intake. These results suggest that smartphone-assisted 24-hour recalls perform comparably but do not appear to substantially improve beverage quantification compared to the current written record based approach. In addition, we piloted a beverage screener to identify consumers of episodically consumed SSBs. As expected, a substantially higher proportion of consumers reported consuming SSBs on the beverage screener compared to either recall type, suggesting that a beverage screener may be useful in characterizing consumption of episodically consumed beverages in China’s dynamic food and beverage landscape. PMID:25516327

Smith, Lindsey P.; Hua, Jenna; Seto, Edmund; Du, Shufa; Zang, Jiajie; Zou, Shurong; Popkin, Barry M.; Mendez, Michelle A.

2014-01-01

5

Formative research of a quick list for an automated self-administered 24-Hour dietary recall  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Twenty-four-hour dietary recalls are used to collect high-quality dietary data. Because they require highly trained interviewers, recalls are expensive and impractical for large-scale nutrition research, leading to the use of food frequency questionnaires. We are developing a computer-based, self-ad...

6

Influence of the ketogenic diet on 24-hour electroencephalogram in children with epilepsy.  

PubMed

The ketogenic diet is a therapeutic diet used to treat medically refractory epilepsy in children. It was found to be effective and safe. Apart from a reduced number of seizures, positive cognitive effects were described. The mechanisms of action are not fully understood, but both antiseizure and antiepileptogenic effects were proposed. Among other changes ascribed to the introduction of the diet, changes in electroencephalogram patterns might contribute to an understanding of the effects of the ketogenic diet. In this study, 23 children (mean age, 6.5 years) with pharmacoresistant epilepsy were started on the diet. They were examined via 24-hour ambulatory electroencephalogram directly before starting the diet, and after 3 months of treatment. The changing electroencephalogram pattern was evaluated qualitatively and semiquantitatively. Background activity, interictal epileptiform activity, ictal activity, and seizure reduction were evaluated. Quality of life was estimated on a visual analog scale. In 15 of 23 patients, the electroencephalogram indicated improvement in terms of more normal background activity or decreased interictal epileptiform activity. This improvement was seen in both seizure-reduction responders and nonresponders, and was not predictive of response to treatment. PMID:18054691

Remahl, Sten; Dahlin, Maria G; Amark, Per E

2008-01-01

7

Misreporting of energy and micronutrient intake estimated by food records and 24 hour recalls, control and adjustment methods in practice.  

PubMed

In order to assess nutritional adequacy, valid estimates of nutrient intake are required. One of the main errors in dietary assessment is misreporting. The objective was to review the extent, nature and determinants of misreporting in dietary assessment, how this affects reported intakes of micronutrients and how this is identified and measured, and to identify the best ways of dealing with misreporting when interpreting results. A systematic literature search was conducted for studies of misreporting of dietary intake in adults by 24 hour recalls or by estimated or weighed food records, published up to March 2008. Thirty-seven relevant studies were identified. Possible causes of misreporting were identified. Methods most used to identify misreporting were the Goldberg cut-off (46 % studies) and the doubly labelled water technique (24 % studies). The magnitude of misreporting of energy intake was similar in all three dietary assessment methods. The percentage of under-reporters was about 30 % and energy intake was underestimated by approximately 15 %. Seven papers presented usable data for micronutrient intake. Absolute intakes of Fe, Ca and vitamin C (the three micronutrients addressed in all papers) were on average 30 % lower in low-energy reporters (LER) than that in non-LER and, although results were not consistent, there was a tendency for micronutrient density to be higher in LER. Excluding underreporters or using energy adjustment methods for micronutrient intakes is discussed. Residual method of energy adjustment seems to be a good tool for practice to decrease an influence of misreporting when interpreting results of studies based on food records and 24 hour recalls. PMID:19594967

Poslusna, Kamila; Ruprich, Jiri; de Vries, Jeanne H M; Jakubikova, Marie; van't Veer, Pieter

2009-07-01

8

Validation of the automated self-administered 24-hour dietary recall for children (ASA24-Kids) among 9- to 11-year-old youth  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Our purpose was to validate ASA24-Kids-2012, a self-administered web-based 24-hour dietary recall (24hDR) among 9- to 11-year-old children. Sixty-nine children in two sites participated in the study. In one site, trained staff observed and recorded types and portions of foods and drinks consumed by ...

9

Under-reporting of Energy Intake from 24-hour Dietary Recalls in the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey  

PubMed Central

Objectives Chronic degenerative diseases are closely related to daily eating habits, nutritional status, and, in particular, energy intake. In clarifying these relationships it is very important for dietary surveys to report accurate information about energy intake. This study attempted to identify the prevalence of the under-reporting of energy intake and its related characteristics based on the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey conducted in the years 2007–2009. Methods The present study analyzed dietary intake data from 15,133 adults aged ?19 years using 24-hour dietary recalls. Basal metabolic rates were calculated from the age- and gender-specific equations of Schofield and under-reporting was defined as an energy intake <0.9, represented by the ratio of energy intake to estimated basal metabolic rate. Results Under-reporters (URs) accounted for 14.4% of men and 23.0% of women and the under-reporting rate was higher in the age group 30–49 years for both men and women. The results from an analysis of the age-specific socioeconomic characteristics of participants classified as URs showed that under-reporting was high in women living alone and in women with only elementary school education or no education. The results from an analysis of the health-specific characteristics of URs showed that a large proportion of URs had poor self-rated health or were obese, or both, compared with non-URs. The proportion of participants who consumed less than the estimated average requirements for nutrients was significantly higher in URs compared with non-URs. Conclusion The under-reporting of energy intake was associated with age, gender, education level, income level, household status (single-person or multi-person), self-rated health, physical activity, and obesity. PMID:24955317

Kye, Seunghee; Kwon, Sung-Ok; Lee, Soon-Young; Lee, Jiyoon; Kim, Bok Hee; Suh, Hee-Jae; Moon, Hyun-Kyung

2014-01-01

10

Comparison of a web-based versus traditional diet recall among children  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Self-administered instruments offer a low-cost diet assessment method for use in adult and pediatric populations. This study tested whether 8- to 13-year-old children could complete an early version of the Automated Self Administered 24 (ASA24) hour dietary recall and how this compared to an intervi...

11

Computerized portion size estimation compared to multiple 24-hour dietary recalls for measurement of fat, fruit, and vegetable intake in overweight adults  

PubMed Central

Validated self-report methods of dietary assessment exist, and might be improved both in terms of accuracy and cost-efficiency with computer technology. The objectives of this preliminary study were to develop an initial version of an interactive CD-ROM program to estimate fruit, vegetable, and fat intake, and to compare it to multiple 24-hour dietary recalls (24HR; averaged over 3 days). In 2009, overweight male and female adults (N = 205) from Lane County, OR completed computerized and paper versions of fruit, vegetable, and fat screening instruments, and multiple 24HR. Summary scores from the ten-item NCI Fruit and Vegetable Scan (FVS) and the 18-item Block Fat Screener (BFS) were compared to multiple 24HR-derived fruit/vegetable and fat intake estimates (criterion measures). Measurement models were used to derive deattenuated correlations with multiple 24HR of paper and CD-ROM administrations of FVS fruit intake, FVS vegetable intake, FVS fruit and vegetable intake, and BFS fat intake. The computerized assessment and paper surveys were related to multiple 24HR-derived fruit/vegetable and fat intake. Deattenuated correlation coefficients ranged from 0.50 to 0.73 (all P ?0.0001). The CD-ROM-derived estimate of fruit intake was more closely associated with the 24HR (r=0.73) than the paper-derived estimate (r=0.54; P<.05), but the other comparisons did not differ significantly. Findings from this preliminary study with overweight adults indicate the need for further enhancements to the CD-ROM assessment and more extensive validation studies. PMID:21963026

Toobert, Deborah J.; Strycker, Lisa A.; Hampson, Sarah E.; Westling, Erika; Christiansen, Steven M.; Hurley, Thomas G.; Hébert, James R.

2011-01-01

12

Social desirability, not dietary restraint, is related to accuracy of reported dietary intake of a laboratory meal in females during a 24-hour recall.  

PubMed

Underreporting in self-reported dietary intake has been linked to dietary restraint (DR) and social desirability (SD), however few investigations have examined the influence of both DR and SD on reporting accuracy and used objective, rather than estimated, measures to determine dietary reporting accuracy. This study investigated accuracy of reporting consumption of a laboratory meal during a 24-hour dietary recall (24HR) in 38 healthy, college-aged, normal-weight women, categorized as high or low in DR and SD. Participants consumed a lunch of four foods (sandwich wrap, chips, fruit, and ice cream) in a laboratory and completed a telephone 24HR the following day. Accuracy of reported energy intake of the meal=((reported energy intake-measured energy intake)/measured energy intake)×100 [positive numbers=overreporting]. Overreporting of energy intake occurred in all groups (overall accuracy rate=43.1±49.9%). SD-high as compared to SD-low more accurately reported energy intake of chips (19.8±56.2% vs. 117.1±141.3%, p<0.05) and ice cream (17.2±78.2% vs. 71.6±82.7%, p<0.05). SD-high as compared to SD-low more accurately reported overall energy intake (29.8±48.2% vs. 58.0±48.8%, p<0.05). To improve accuracy of dietary assessment, future research should investigate factors contributing to inaccuracies in dietary reporting and the best methodology to use to determine dietary reporting accuracy. PMID:22177404

Schoch, Ashlee H; Raynor, Hollie A

2012-01-01

13

Food group diversity indicators derived from qualitative list-based questionnaire misreported some foods compared to same indicators derived from quantitative 24-hour recall in urban Burkina Faso.  

PubMed

To be useful proxies of micronutrient intake at the population level in resource-limited societies, dietary diversity indicators should be simple and easy to collect in large surveys and their accuracy needs to be assessed. The present study aimed at comparing food group diversity indicators (FGI) derived from simple qualitative list-based questionnaires (qFGI) to the same indicators derived from quantitative 24-h recalls (QFGI). Both methods were administered separately on each of 3 recall days to women in 2 districts of Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso. Data were available for a total of 526 women x recalls. This study was performed within the framework of the Women's Dietary Diversity Project, which sought to analyze the relationships between various QFGI and the mean probability of adequacy (MPA) of women's diets across 11 micronutrients. The comparison between paired qFGI and QFGI scores was made both in terms of accuracy of the reporting by the list-based questionnaire, taking the QFGI as the gold standard, and in terms of performance of indicators in predicting an MPA > 60%. Examination of paired QFGI-qFGI differences revealed that the more disaggregated the FGI, the higher were the mean differences in scores. Food groups most frequently misreported often corresponded to foods put in small quantities in sauces. Overreporting by list-based questionnaires was observed for indicators applying a 15-g minimum quantity of consumption for a group to count in the score and this may result in weaker performance in predicting the MPA. These results highlight trade-offs between accuracy and simplicity when operationalizing FGI through qualitative questionnaires. PMID:20881076

Martin-Prevel, Yves; Becquey, Elodie; Arimond, Mary

2010-11-01

14

Comparison of estimated energy intake from 2×24-hour recalls and a seven-day food record with objective measurements of energy expenditure in children  

PubMed Central

Objective The objective of the present study was to evaluate energy intake (EI) estimated from two non-consecutive 24-hour recalls (24-HDRs) and a pre-coded seven-day food record (7-dFR) against objective measurements of energy expenditure (EE) in children. Design A total of 67 7–8 year-olds and 64 12–13 year-olds completed the 2×24-HDRs, the 7-dFR, and wore ActiReg® (PreMed AS, Oslo, Norway), a combined position and motion recording instrument, during the same seven days as the 7-dFR was filled in. Results In the 7–8 year-olds, EI from the 2×24-HDRs (EI2×24-HDR) was overestimated with 3% compared to EE (not significantly different), while EI from the 7-dFR (EI7-dFR) was underestimated with 7% compared to EE (P=0.001). In the 12–13 year-olds, the corresponding figures was underestimation by 10% with the 2×24-HDRs (P<0.001) and by 20% with the 7-dFR (P<0.001). For both age groups combined, the 95% limits of agreement were ?4·38 and 3.52 MJ/d for the 2×24-HDRs, and ?5.90 and 2.94 MJ/d for the 7-dFR. Pearson correlation coefficients between EI and EE were 0.51 for EI2×24-HDR and 0.29 for EI7-dFR, respectively. The proportion classified in the same or adjacent quartiles was 76% for EI2×24-HDR and 73% for EI7-dFR in the 7–8 year-olds, and 83% for EI2×24-HDR and 70% for EI7-dFR in the 12–13 year-olds. Conclusion Misreporting of EI seemed modest with both the 2×24-HDRs and the 7-dFR in the 7–8 year-olds when compared to EE measured with ActiReg®. Under-reporting appeared to be more evident in the 12–13 year-olds, especially with the 7-dFR. Compared to measurements of EE, the 2×24-HDRs seemed to perform slightly better than the 7-dFR in terms of ranking of individuals according to EI. PMID:22347842

Rothausen, Berit W.; Matthiessen, Jeppe; Groth, Margit V.; Brockhoff, Per B.; Andersen, Lene F.; Trolle, Ellen

2012-01-01

15

Development and pilot testing of 24-hour multiple-pass recall to assess dietary intake of toddlers of Somali- and Iraqi-born mothers living in Norway.  

PubMed

The aim of this study was to develop, test, and evaluate a 24-h recall procedure to assess the dietary intake of toddlers of Somali- and Iraqi-born mothers living in Norway. A protocol for a 24-h multiple-pass recall procedure, registration forms, and visual tools (a picture library for food identification and portion size estimation) was developed and tested in 12 mothers from Somalia and Iraq with children aged 10-21 months. Five female field workers were recruited and trained to conduct the interviews. Evaluation data for the 24-h recall procedure were collected from both the mothers and the field workers. Nutrient intake was calculated using a Norwegian dietary calculation system. Each child's estimated energy intake was compared with its estimated energy requirement. Both the mothers and the field workers found the method feasible and the visual tools useful. The estimated energy intake corresponded well with the estimated energy requirement for most of the children (within mean ± 2 SD, except for three). The pilot study identified the need for additional foods in the picture library and some crucial aspects in training and supervising the field workers to reduce sources of error in the data collection. PMID:24949548

Grewal, Navnit Kaur; Mosdøl, Annhild; Aunan, Marte Bergsund; Monsen, Carina; Torheim, Liv Elin

2014-06-01

16

Development and Pilot Testing of 24-Hour Multiple-Pass Recall to Assess Dietary Intake of Toddlers of Somali- and Iraqi-Born Mothers Living in Norway  

PubMed Central

The aim of this study was to develop, test, and evaluate a 24-h recall procedure to assess the dietary intake of toddlers of Somali- and Iraqi-born mothers living in Norway. A protocol for a 24-h multiple-pass recall procedure, registration forms, and visual tools (a picture library for food identification and portion size estimation) was developed and tested in 12 mothers from Somalia and Iraq with children aged 10–21 months. Five female field workers were recruited and trained to conduct the interviews. Evaluation data for the 24-h recall procedure were collected from both the mothers and the field workers. Nutrient intake was calculated using a Norwegian dietary calculation system. Each child’s estimated energy intake was compared with its estimated energy requirement. Both the mothers and the field workers found the method feasible and the visual tools useful. The estimated energy intake corresponded well with the estimated energy requirement for most of the children (within mean ± 2 SD, except for three). The pilot study identified the need for additional foods in the picture library and some crucial aspects in training and supervising the field workers to reduce sources of error in the data collection. PMID:24949548

Grewal, Navnit Kaur; Mosdøl, Annhild; Aunan, Marte Bergsund; Monsen, Carina; Torheim, Liv Elin

2014-01-01

17

24 Hour Museum  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The UK Campaign for Museums presents this gateway to non-profit museums, galleries, historic houses, and heritage attractions. The front page of the site features a newsletter with short articles and images highlighting current exhibitions. For example, the Royal Museum in Edinburgh is opening a show on the influence of Norwegian folk costumes on contemporary design. Those planning visits can find museums by clicking on a region within the site's interactive map or by performing keyword searches. Directory information, such as hours, addresses, and phone and fax numbers, is provided for all the museums listed, as well a link to the museum's Website if one exists. Other features include the Trails section which suggests tours of museums grouped by theme or geography; Y24, a kids's section; a developing Resources section with materials for teachers and students; and Scrapbook, downloadable software for keeping track of the information you find at the 24 Hour Museum.

18

Validity of Adolescent Diet Recall 48 Years Later  

PubMed Central

Few studies have evaluated the validity of adolescent diet recall after many decades. Between 1943 and 1970, yearly diet records were completed by parents of adolescents participating in an ongoing US study. In 2005–2006, study participants who had been 13–18 years of age when the diet records were collected were asked to complete a food frequency questionnaire regarding their adolescent diet. Food frequency questionnaires and diet records were available for 72 participants. The authors calculated Spearman correlation coefficients between food, food group, and nutrient intakes from the diet records and food frequency questionnaire and deattenuated them to account for the effects of within-person variation measured in the diet records on the association. The median deattenuated correlation for foods was 0.30, ranging from ?0.53 for a beef, pork, or lamb sandwich to 0.99 for diet soda. The median deattenuated correlation for food groups was 0.31 (range: ?0.48 for breads to 0.70 for hot beverages); for nutrient intakes, it was 0.25 (range: ?0.08 for iron to 0.82 for vitamin B12). Some dietary factors were reasonably recalled 3–6 decades later. However, this food frequency questionnaire did not validly measure overall adolescent diet when completed by middle-aged and older adults on average 48 years after adolescence. PMID:19923106

Chavarro, Jorge E.; Rosner, Bernard A.; Sampson, Laura; Willey, Carol; Tocco, Paula; Willett, Walter C.; Chumlea, Wm. Cameron; Michels, Karin B.

2009-01-01

19

Toward the 24-Hour Knowledge Factory  

E-print Network

The term 24-Hour Knowledge Factory connotes a globally distributed work environment in which members of the global team work on a project around the clock; each member of the team works the normal workday hours that pertain ...

Gupta, Amar

2004-03-12

20

Toward the 24-Hour Knowledge Factory  

E-print Network

The term 24-Hour Knowledge Factory connotes a globally distributed work environment in which members of the global team work on a project around the clock; each member of the team works the normal workday ...

Gupta, Amar

2004-12-10

21

The 24-Hour Mathematical Modeling Challenge  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Across the mathematics curriculum there is a renewed emphasis on applications of mathematics and on mathematical modeling. Providing students with modeling experiences beyond the ordinary classroom setting remains a challenge, however. In this article, we describe the 24-hour Mathematical Modeling Challenge, an extracurricular event that exposes…

Galluzzo, Benjamin J.; Wendt, Theodore J.

2015-01-01

22

Photo-assisted recall increases estimates of energy and macronutrient intake in adults with intellectual and developmental disabilities  

PubMed Central

Diet assessment of adults with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD) is challenging due to their limited cognitive abilities. The objective of this study was to examine the feasibility and outcomes of combining photos with 24-hour dietary recalls for the assessment of energy and macronutrient intake in adults with IDD. Participants used an iPad 2 tablet computer to take photos of all food and beverages consumed before a standard, multiple-pass, 24-hour dietary recall. Following the standard 24-hour diet recall, the photos were reviewed with the participant for clarification details (e.g., portion size, etc.) and differences were recorded. The standard 24-hour recall and the photo-assisted recall were entered separately into Nutrition Data System for Research for computerized dietary analysis. Sixty-four eating occasions were entered from 23 participants (48% female; mean age 26.4 ±9.7 years). Participants captured photos for 66.5% ± 30.4% of all recorded eating occasions. Greater energy intake per eating occasion was reported with the photo-assisted recalls than the standard recalls (625.6 ± 85.7 kcals vs. 497.2 ± 86.6 kcals, p=0.002) and a greater intake of grams of fat (p=0.006) protein (p=0.029) and carbohydrates (p=0.003). Photo-assisted 24-hour recalls provided a significant increase in total calories and macronutrient content compared to a standard 24-hour recall and may be a feasible method to enhance dietary assessment in adults with IDD. PMID:24095784

Herrmann, Stephen D.; Lee, Jaehoon; Sullivan, Debra K.; Rondon, Mary F.; Donnelly, Joseph E.

2013-01-01

23

Multiethnic/Minority Cohort Study of Diet and Cancer  

Cancer.gov

At entry to the cohort study, each participant completed a 26-page mail questionnaire that included an extensive quantitative diet history, as well as other demographic, medical, and lifestyle information. Multiple 24-hour diet recalls were collected on more than 2,000 of the participants in a calibration study designed to permit correction of nutrient intake estimates for measurement error.

24

Adult Recall of Adolescent Diet: Reproducibility and Comparison with Maternal Reporting  

PubMed Central

Many cancers have long latency periods, and dietary factors in adolescence may plausibly affect cancer occurrence in adulthood. Because of a lack of prospective data, retrospective collection of data on adolescent diet is essential. The authors evaluated a 124-item high school food frequency questionnaire (HS-FFQ) assessing diet during high school (15–35 years in the past) that was completed in 1998 by 45,947 US women in the Nurses' Health Study II (NHSII) cohort. To assess reproducibility, the authors readministered the HS-FFQ approximately 4 years later to 333 of these women. The mean Pearson correlation for 38 nutrient intakes was 0.65 (range, 0.50–0.77), and the mean Spearman rank correlation for food intakes was 0.60 (range, 0.37–0.77). Current adult diet was only weakly correlated with recalled adolescent diet (for nutrient intakes, mean r = 0.20). For assessment of validity, 272 mothers of the NHSII participants were asked to report information on their daughters' adolescent diets using the HS-FFQ. In this comparison, the mean Pearson correlation was 0.40 (range, 0.13–0.59) for nutrients, and the mean Spearman rank correlation for foods was 0.30 (range, 0.10–0.61). While further studies are warranted, these findings imply that this food frequency questionnaire provides a reasonable record of adolescent diet. PMID:15615919

Maruti, Sonia S.; Feskanich, Diane; Colditz, Graham A.; Frazier, A. Lindsay; Sampson, Laura A.; Michels, Karin B.; Hunter, David J.; Spiegelman, Donna; Willett, Walter C.

2007-01-01

25

24-hour urinary aldosterone excretion test  

MedlinePLUS

... Pregnancy High- or low-sodium diet Strenuous exercise Stress Do not drink coffee, tea, or cola during urine collection. Your health care provider will likely recommend that you eat no more than 3 grams of salt (sodium) per day for at least 2 weeks ...

26

HEART RATE VARIABILITY AND 24-HOUR MINIMUM HEART RATE  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Heart rate variability (HRV) indices based on 24-hour electrocardiograph recordings have been used in clinical research studies to assess the aggregate activity of the autonomic nervous system. While 24-hour HRV is generally considered non-invasive, use in research protocols typically involves cons...

27

Human prolactin - 24-hour pattern with increased release during sleep.  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Human prolactin was measured in plasma by radioimmunoassay at 20-minute intervals for a 24-hour period in each of six normal adults, whose sleep-wake cycles were monitored polygraphically. A marked diurnal variation in plasma concentrations was demonstrated, with highest values during sleep. Periods of episodic release occurred throughout the 24 hours.

Sassin, J. F.; Weitzman, E. D.; Kapen, S.; Frantz, A. G.

1972-01-01

28

Dietary intake of different types and characteristics of processed meat which might be associated with cancer risk--results from the 24-hour diet recalls in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC)  

Microsoft Academic Search

OBJECTIVE: There is increasing evidence for a significant effect of processed meat (PM) intake on cancer risk. However, refined knowledge on how components of this heterogeneous food group are associated with cancer risk is still missing. Here, actual data on the intake of PM subcategories is given; within a food-based approach we considered preservation methods, cooking methods and nutrient content

Jakob Linseisen; Sabine Rohrmann; Teresa Norat; Carlos Alberto González; Miren Dorronsoro Iraeta; Patrocinio Morote Gómez; María-Dolores Chirlaque; Basilio G Pozo; Eva Ardanaz; Irene Mattisson; Ulrika Pettersson; Richard Palmqvist; Bethany van Guelpen; Sheila A Bingham; Alison McTaggart; Elizabeth A Spencer; Kim Overvad; Anne Tjønneland; Connie Stripp; Françoise Clavel-Chapelon; Emmanuelle Kesse; Heiner Boeing; Kerstin Klipstein-Grobusch; Antonia Trichopoulou; Effie Vasilopoulou; George Bellos; Valeria Pala; Giovanna Masala; Rosario Tumino; Carlotta Sacerdote; Mariarosaria Del Pezzo; H Bas Bueno-de-Mesquita; Marga C Ocké; Petra H M Peeters; Dagrun Engeset; Guri Skeie; Nadia Slimani; Elio Riboli

2006-01-01

29

Early Experiences Accelerate Maturation of the 24Hour Adrenocortical Rhythm  

Microsoft Academic Search

Rats reared under 12-hour alternating periods of light and dark were killed at times corresponding to the times at which the maximum or minimum plasma corticosterone concentrations occur in mature animals. The characteristic 24-hour adrenocortical rhythm was first observed in rats 21 to 25 days old. In rats handled or stimulated with electric shock, the rhythm developed as early as

Robert Ader

1969-01-01

30

Pineal Gland: 24Hour Rhythm in Norepinephrine Turnover  

Microsoft Academic Search

There is a 24-hour rhythm in the turnover of norepinephrine in sympathetic nerves innervating the pineal gland. This rhythm persists in blinded animals but is suppressed in normal rats by light. The rhythm in norepinephrine turnover generates the rhythms in pineal indoleamines and N-acetyltransferase.

Michael Brownstein; Julius Axelrod

1974-01-01

31

Early Postoperative 24-Hour Continuous Jejunostomy Feeding in Esophagectomy Patients  

PubMed Central

Esophagectomy can result in various postoperative nutrition-related complications that may impair the nutritional status of the patient. In our institution, we usually initiate 16-hour continuous jejunostomy feeding using an enteral feeding pump on postoperative day 2 as a routine protocol after esophagectomy. The target calorie intake was achieved in 6-7 days with this protocol, which is longer than that required with other recently reported feeding protocols. Accordingly, early jejunostomy feeding protocol, which starts on postoperative day 1 and continues for 24 hours was attempted. In the present report, we described 3 cases of early 24-hour continuous jejunostomy feeding after esophagectomy. The use of this new protocol reduced the duration required to achieve the target calorie intake as less than 5 days without any enteral feeding-related complications. PMID:24527423

Lim, Jeong Hyun; Ju, Dal Lae; Hwang, Yoohwa

2014-01-01

32

The impact of dairy and sweetened beverage consumption on diet quality, nutrient intake, and weight of a multi-ethnic population of Head Start mothers  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

To assess the impact of milk and sweetened beverage (SwB) intake on diet and weight in Head Start mothers, three 24-hour dietary recalls were collected on 609 Black (43%), Hispanic (33%), or White (24%) women in AL and TX. Women were divided into four beverage consumption groups: low milk/high SwB, ...

33

Recruiting Strategy and 24-Hour Biomonitoring of Paraquat in Agricultural Workers  

PubMed Central

The objectives of this study were to recruit agricultural workers in Costa Rica to participate in a 24-hour urine collection for paraquat exposure assessment and to compare the 24-hour sampling to end-of-shift sampling. The authors recruited 187 handlers and 54 nonhandlers from coffee, banana, and palm oil plantations. The completeness of 24-hour urine samples collected (a total of 393 samples) was confirmed by questionnaire and urinary creatinine level. For a subset of 12 samples, the absorbed paraquat level was determined in 24-hours and end-of-shift spot urine samples. The participation rate for handlers was ~90%. The completeness of 24-hour urine collections was verified as the overall average of creatinine levels from 393 urines (1.11 ± 0.50 g/L). A total of 92.4% to 96.7% of urine samples were considered within the acceptable range of urinary creatinine, whereas 94.7% of the samples were described as “complete” from the questionnaire. Measured creatinine correlated well to predicted values (r = .327, p = .0024, 95% CI .12–.51). Detected paraquat levels in spot urine samples had a sensitivity of 96.9% at the high specificity of 100% compared to 24-hour urine samples as the gold standard. There was a significant (p < .0001) correlation between spot and 24-hour urine paraquat levels (r = .7825, 95% CI .61–.88). The recruiting strategy was successful in getting 24-hour urine samples from a farm worker population. Comparison between the paraquat levels in spot and 24-hour urine samples demonstrated that for this compound, end-of-shift spot urine samples would be an appropriate substitute for 24-hour collections. PMID:19064412

Park, Eun-Kee; Tagles, Hector Duarte; Gee, Shirley J.; Hammock, Bruce D.; Lee, Kiyoung; Schenker, Marc B.

2010-01-01

34

24-hour central blood pressure and intermediate cardiovascular phenotypes in untreated subjects  

PubMed Central

Background: Recently, 24-hour monitoring of central systolic blood pressure (SBP) has become available. However, the relation between end-organ damage and the 24-hour central SBP profile and variability has not so far been analyzed. Therefore, the aim of this cross-sectional study was to evaluate the relation between 24-hour central SBP, 24-hour central SBP profile as well as central SBP short-term variability and parameters of cardiac and vascular intermediate phenotypes. Methods: The study group consisted of 50 patients with newly diagnosed, untreated hypertension (age 40.4 ± 11.5 years, 35 men) and 50 normotensive subjects (age 38.3 ± 12.0 years, 35 men). Applanation tonometry of the radial artery and the “n-point forward moving average” method were used to determine 24-hour central SBP. Each study participant underwent echocardiography and carotid ultrasonography. Results: 24-hour, daytime, and nighttime central SBP was related to left ventricle end-diastole diameter (p < 0.05), left ventricular mass index (p < 0.001), relative wall thickness (p < 0.05), E/E’ ratio (p < 0.01), and left atrium volume (p < 0.01). The nocturnal central SBP fall was not related to any of the mentioned parameters, whereas parameters of short-term variability were related to IMT in hypertensives only (p < 0.05). Conclusions: The present study showed that 24-hour central SBP is related to intermediate cardiac phenotypes as assessed by echocardiography whereas short-term central SBP variability is mainly related to vascular phenotype as determined by IMT. PMID:25628959

Bednarek, Agnieszka; Jankowski, Piotr; Olszanecka, Agnieszka; Windak, Adam; Kawecka-Jaszcz, Kalina; Czarnecka, Danuta

2014-01-01

35

77 FR 65310 - Additional Air Quality Designations for the 2006 24-Hour Fine Particle National Ambient Air...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Additional Air Quality Designations for the 2006 24-Hour Fine Particle National Ambient...taking final action to establish the initial 2006 24-hour fine particle (PM 2.5 ...nationwide for all but these two areas for the 2006 24-hour PM 2.5 NAAQS. The...

2012-10-26

36

The Road Ahead to Continuous 24-Hour Intraocular Pressure Monitoring in Glaucoma  

PubMed Central

Intraocular pressure (IOP) is the only treatable risk factor for glaucoma. Yet, current glaucoma management usually relies on single IOP measurements during clinic hours despite the fact that IOP is a dynamic parameter with individual rhythms. Single IOP measurements underpin all major clinical guidelines on treatment of glaucoma. Other potentially informative parameters, such as IOP fluctuations and peak IOP, have been neglected, and effects of IOP-lowering interventions on such measures are largely unknown. The search for continuous 24-hour IOP monitoring started over 50 years ago, but only recent technological advances have provided clinician-researchers with devices for continuous IOP monitoring. Herein, we discuss innovative approaches with permanent and temporary devices for 24-hour IOP monitoring, such as a contact lens sensor. Despite being in their infancy, these devices may soon enable clinicians to use 24-hour IOP data to improve glaucoma management and reduce the glaucoma-related burden of disease. PMID:25279129

Mansouri, Kaweh

2014-01-01

37

Feasibility Testing of an Automated Image-Capture Method to Aid Dietary Recall  

PubMed Central

Background/Objectives The accuracy of dietary recalls might be enhanced by providing participants with photo images of foods they consumed during the test period. Subjects/Methods We examined the feasibility of a system (Image-Diet Day) that is a user-initiated camera-equipped mobile phone that is programmed to automatically capture and transmit images to a secure website in conjunction with computer-assisted, multi-pass, 24-hour dietary recalls in 14 participants during 2007. Participants used the device during eating periods on each of the three independent days. Image processing filters successfully eliminated underexposed, over-exposed, and blurry images. Captured images were accessed by participants using the ImageViewer software while completing the 24-hour dietary recall on the following day. Results None of the participants reported difficulty using the ImageViewer. Images were deemed “helpful” or “sort of helpful” by 93% of participants. A majority (79%) of users reported having no technical problems, but 71% rated the burden of wearing the device as somewhat to very difficult, owing to issues such as limited battery life, self-consciousness about wearing the device in public, and concerns about the camera’s field of view. Conclusion Overall, these findings suggest that automated imaging is a promising technology to facilitate dietary recall. The challenge of managing the thousands of images generated can be met. Smaller devices with a broader field of view may aid in overcoming user’s self-consciousness with using or wearing the device PMID:21587282

Arab, Lenore; Estrin, Deborah; Kim, Donnie H.; Burke, Jeff; Goldman, Jeff

2011-01-01

38

Source: 24 Hours Edmonton | KEVIN MAIMANN | 29 Jun 2012 ANCIENT FOSSIL DISCOVERED  

E-print Network

Source: 24 Hours Edmonton | KEVIN MAIMANN | 29 Jun 2012 ANCIENT FOSSIL DISCOVERED University. Geologists Ernesto Pecoits and Natalie Aubet found fossilized tracks in Uruguay they believe was left behind-microbiologist at the university, co-authored the study published Thursday in the journal Science. He said the fossils have been

Machel, Hans

39

Mood-Dependent Cognitive Change in a Man with Bipolar Disorder Who Cycles Every 24 Hours  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A case study of a bipolar patient whose mood changes every 24 hours is described to illustrate the changes in cognitive processing and content during different phases of bipolar disorder. The participant completed a battery of questionnaires and tasks on 4 separate occasions: twice when depressed and twice when manic. Depression tended to be…

Lam, Dominic; Mansell, Warren

2008-01-01

40

24-Hour Access: Responding to Students' Need for Late Library Hours at the University of Denver  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The University of Denver's Penrose Library saw a substantial increase in use as a result of several new and enhanced services over a six-year period. In turn, longer operating hours and increased staffing for a 24-hours-a-day, five-days-a-week (24 x 5) operating schedule was funded. This case study analyzes student need for longer library hours…

Sewell, Bethany B.

2013-01-01

41

Outdoor Noise Measurements One device will be setup outside to record sounds 24 hours a  

E-print Network

Outdoor Noise Measurements One device will be setup outside to record sounds 24 hours a day the study and nighttime sound recordings will be made during the sleep period. The equipment consists of 1 will be placed near the sleeping position. For the nighttime sound recordings, participants will need to start

Pennsylvania, University of

42

Fertility factors in lactating rabbits mated 24 hours and 25 days after parturition  

E-print Network

Fertility factors in lactating rabbits mated 24 hours and 25 days after parturition Suzanne TORRÃ?S 78350 Jouy-en-Josas, France Summary. Fertility is compared in lactating rabbits mated 12-18 hours postpartum and 24 days postpartum. The lower fertility in the former group is the result of lower ovulation

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

43

Microbial Growth in Neonatal Intravenous Fat Emulsion Administered Over 12 Versus 24 Hours  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVES To determine whether an extended infusion time (24 hours) of intravenous fat emulsion is associated with an increase in microbial growth, versus a shorter infusion time (12 hours). METHODS Samples were collected from intravenous fat emulsions (n=132), from intravenous fat emulsions prepared in the current 24-hour infusion method (n=55), and from intravenous fat emulsions prepared in the twice-daily (12-hour infusion) method (n=55). In addition, samples were collected from pharmacy (n=22) to test for possible contamination. RESULTS No growth was observed in either arm of the study. CONCLUSIONS Current Kern Medical Center policy of preparation and administration of neonatal intensive care unit intravenous fat emulsion is safe and effective in regard to microbial growth. PMID:24719590

DeDonato, Bethany M.; Bickford, Lisa I.; Gates, Ryan J.

2013-01-01

44

Circadian Polymorphisms in Night Owls, in Bipolars, and in Non-24-Hour Sleep Cycles  

PubMed Central

People called night owls habitually have late bedtimes and late times of arising, sometimes suffering a heritable circadian disturbance called delayed sleep phase syndrome (DSPS). Those with DSPS, those with more severe progressively-late non-24-hour sleep-wake cycles, and those with bipolar disorder may share genetic tendencies for slowed or delayed circadian cycles. We searched for polymorphisms associated with DSPS in a case-control study of DSPS research participants and a separate study of Sleep Center patients undergoing polysomnography. In 45 participants, we resequenced portions of 15 circadian genes to identify unknown polymorphisms that might be associated with DSPS, non-24-hour rhythms, or bipolar comorbidities. We then genotyped single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in both larger samples, using Illumina Golden Gate assays. Associations of SNPs with the DSPS phenotype and with the morningness-eveningness parametric phenotype were computed for both samples, then combined for meta-analyses. Delayed sleep and "eveningness" were inversely associated with loci in circadian genes NFIL3 (rs2482705) and RORC (rs3828057). A group of haplotypes overlapping BHLHE40 was associated with non-24-hour sleep-wake cycles, and less robustly, with delayed sleep and bipolar disorder (e.g., rs34883305, rs34870629, rs74439275, and rs3750275 were associated with n=37, p=4.58E-09, Bonferroni p=2.95E-06). Bright light and melatonin can palliate circadian disorders, and genetics may clarify the underlying circadian photoperiodic mechanisms. After further replication and identification of the causal polymorphisms, these findings may point to future treatments for DSPS, non-24-hour rhythms, and possibly bipolar disorder or depression. PMID:25395965

Klimecki, Walter T.; Nievergelt, Caroline M.; Rex, Katharine M.; Murray, Sarah S.; Shekhtman, Tatyana; Tranah, Gregory J.; Loving, Richard T.; Lee, Heon-Jeong; Rhee, Min Kyu; Shadan, Farhad F.; Poceta, J. Steven; Jamil, Shazia M.; Kline, Lawrence E.; Kelsoe, John R.

2014-01-01

45

Effect of a Thermogenic Beverage on 24Hour Energy Metabolism in Humans  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective:To test whether consumption of a beverage containing active ingredients will increase 24-hour energy metabolism in healthy, young, lean individuals.Research Method and Procedures:Thirty-one male and female subjects consumed 3 × 250-mL servings of a beverage containing green tea catechins, caffeine, and calcium for 3 days in a single-center, double-blind, placebo-controlled, cross-over design study. On the 3rd day, 23-hour energy metabolism,

Servane Rudelle; Mario G. Ferruzzi; Isabelle Cristiani; Julie Moulin; Katherine Macé; Kevin J. Acheson; Luc Tappy

2007-01-01

46

Continuous 24-hour intraocular pressure monitoring for glaucoma--time for a paradigm change.  

PubMed

Glaucoma is the main cause of irreversible blindness and intraocular pressure (IOP) is its only modifiable risk factor. The importance of robust lowering of IOP for prevention of glaucoma onset and progression is well established. Although IOP is a dynamic parameter with individual circadian rhythms, current management usually relies on single IOP measurements during regular clinic hours performed a few times a year. Recent technological advances have provided clinicians with tools for continuous IOP monitoring during a 24 hour period in an ambulatory setting. There are two approaches being investigated. The first is permanent IOP monitoring through an implantable sensor and the other is temporary monitoring through a contact lens sensor. In this article, we discuss the shortcomings of the current gold standard for tonometry (Goldmann Applanation Tonometry) and the current experience with the first commercially available continuous 24 hour IOP monitoring technology (SENSIMED Triggerfish®); a telemetric contact lens sensor produced by a Swiss start-up company (Sensimed AG, Lausanne, Switzerland). Recent studies suggest that 24 hour continuous monitoring of IOP can be integrated into clinical practice and have the potential to contribute to the reduction of glaucoma-related vision loss. PMID:22457163

Mansouri, K; Weinreb, R

2012-01-01

47

Continuous 24-hour ocular dimensional profile recording in medically treated normal-tension glaucoma  

PubMed Central

Purpose To analyze the 24-hour ocular dimensional profile in normal-tension glaucoma (NTG) patients on medical treatment. Methods Consecutive, medically treated NTG subjects were recruited from a university eye center. Subjects were on a mean of 1.7±0.7 types of antiglaucoma medications and 56.6% were on a prostaglandin analog. A contact lens-based sensor device was worn in one eye of NTG patients to record the intraocular pressure (IOP)-related profile for 24 hours, recording the following: variability from mean over 24 hours, nocturnally and diurnally, as well as the number of peaks and troughs diurnally and nocturnally. Results In 18 NTG subjects, the nocturnal variability around the mean contact lens-based sensor device signal was 48.9% less than the diurnal variability around the mean. The number of peaks was 54.7% less during the nocturnal period than during the diurnal period. The rate of increase in the ocular dimensional profile when going to sleep was significantly greater than the rate of decrease upon waking (P<0.001). Conclusion In medically treated NTG subjects, there was more variability in the IOP-related pattern during the daytime and there were fewer peaks during sleep.

Lee, Jacky WY; Fu, Lin; Shum, Jennifer WH; Chan, Jonathan CH; Lai, Jimmy SM

2015-01-01

48

24-Hour urinary glucose excretion in assessment of control in juvenile diabetes mellitus.  

PubMed

24-Hour urinary glucose excretion was measured in 43 juvenile diabetics during treatment as outpatients. In 20 children studied twice over 1-3 months there was good correlation between glucose excretion on each occasion. Subdivision of the collections into the periods 08 therefore 00-20 therefore 00 and 20 therefore 00-08 therefore 00 hours gave slightly less consistent results with correlation coefficients of 0 therefore 83 and 0 therefore 80, respectively, between the results of the repeat tests. In 37 prepubertal children, 24-hour glucose concentration and height velocity over the previous year were compared, and a highly significant negative correlation found. 10 of the 12 children with glucose excretion greater than 40 g/d had height velocities more than 1 SD below the mean for age, while only 2 of the 25 subjects excreting less than 40 g/d had height velocities more than 1 SD below the mean. The results indicate that estimation of 24-hour urine glucose excretion can be a useful index for monitoring treatment and that subdivision of the total collection may be of value in selecting the most suitable insulin regimen for the patient. PMID:942241

Levinsky, R J; Trompeter, R S; Grant, D B

1976-06-01

49

A New Method to Make 24-Hour Urine Collection More Convenient: A Validity Study  

PubMed Central

Background and Objectives. This study proposes a novel urine collection device that can divide each urine collection into 20 parts and store and cool just one part. The aim of the current study is to compare measured biomarkers from the proposed urine collection device to those of conventional 24-hour sampling method. We also hypothesized that the new method would significantly increase patients' adherence to the timed urine collection. Methods. Two 24-hour urine samples with the conventional method and with the new automated urine collection device that uses just one-twentieth of each void were obtained from 40 healthy volunteers. Urine parameters including volume, creatinine, and protein levels were compared between the two methods and the agreement of two measurements for each subject was reported through Bland-Altman plots. Results. Our results confirmed that for all three variables, there is a positive correlation (P < 0.001) between the two measurements and high degree of agreement could be seen in Bland-Altman plots. Moreover, more subjects reported the new method as “more convenient” for 24-hour urine collection. Conclusions. Our results clearly indicate that a fixed proportion of each void may significantly reduce the urine volume in timed collections and this, in turn, may increase subjects' adherence to this difficult sampling. PMID:24963405

2014-01-01

50

DIEL VARIATIONS IN THE FEEDING HABITS OF PACIFIC SALMON CAUGHT IN GILL NETS DURING A 24-HOUR PERIOD  

E-print Network

DIEL VARIATIONS IN THE FEEDING HABITS OF PACIFIC SALMON CAUGHT IN GILL NETS DURING A 24-HOUR PERIOD salmon caught in surface gill nets set for 2 hours each over a 24-hour period at a station in the Gulfof and catches in the near-surface portion of the gill nets were highest between sunset and sunrise, suggesting

51

40 CFR 52.1990 - Interstate Transport for the 2006 24-hour PM2.5 NAAQS.  

...2014-07-01 false Interstate Transport for the 2006 24-hour PM2...PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS (CONTINUED) APPROVAL...Oregon § 52.1990 Interstate Transport for the 2006 24-hour PM2...addressing the requirement in Clean Air Act section...

2014-07-01

52

40 CFR 52.1990 - Interstate Transport for the 2006 24-hour PM2.5 NAAQS.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 false Interstate Transport for the 2006 24-hour PM2...PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS (CONTINUED) APPROVAL...Oregon § 52.1990 Interstate Transport for the 2006 24-hour PM2...addressing the requirement in Clean Air Act section...

2013-07-01

53

40 CFR 52.1990 - Interstate Transport for the 2006 24-hour PM2.5 NAAQS.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-07-01 false Interstate Transport for the 2006 24-hour PM2...PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS (CONTINUED) APPROVAL...Oregon § 52.1990 Interstate Transport for the 2006 24-hour PM2...addressing the requirement in Clean Air Act section...

2012-07-01

54

Investigation of cattle methane production and emission over a 24-hour period using measurements of ?13C and ?D of emitted CH4 and rumen water  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We have conducted a series of experiments to determine the effects different diets, including the addition of unsaturated fatty acids, had on isotopic signatures of CH4 emissions from dairy cattle. Measurements of emitted ?13CH4, ?13CO2, and ?D-CH4 were made on gases collected over a 24-hour period from animal chambers containing individual Holstein cows. Some measurements of ?D-H2O from samples collected directly from the rumen were also made. We observed variation in ?13CH4 values with time after feeding and a correlation in ?13C between emitted gases and diet. The average ?13CH4 value, which includes all samples of emitted gases, was -70.6±4.9‰ (n = 57). Measurements of ?D-CH4 over the 24-hour sampling period had an average value of -357.8±15.0‰ (n = 56). These ?D measurements are among the lightest reported for CH4 produced by cattle. Our cattle data indicate that hydrogen incorporated into the CH4 produced by CO2 reduction in high H2 concentration environments is fractionated to a greater degree than that incorporated in systems with relatively low H2 conditions, such as wetlands. Our results support bacterial studies that have demonstrated large hydrogen fractionation in high H2 concentration systems during methanogenesis.

Bilek, R. S.; Tyler, S. C.; Kurihara, M.; Yagi, K.

2001-07-01

55

Nutritional behavior of cyclists during a 24-hour team relay race: a field study report  

PubMed Central

Background Information about behavior of energy intake in ultra-endurance cyclists during a 24-hour team relay race is scarce. The nutritional strategy during such an event is an important factor which athletes should plan carefully before the race. The purpose of this study was to examine and compare the nutritional intake of ultra-endurance cyclists during a 24-hour team relay race with the current nutritional guidelines for endurance events. Additionally, we analyzed the relationship among the nutritional and performance variables. Methods Using a observational design, nutritional intake of eight males (mean ± SD: 36.7 ± 4.7 years; 71.6 ± 4.9 kg; 174.6 ± 7.3 cm; BMI 23.5 ± 0.5 kg/m2) participating in a 24-hour team relay cycling race was assessed. All food and fluid intake by athletes were weighed and recorded. Additionally, distance and speed performed by each rider were also recorded. Furthermore, before to the race, all subjects carried out an incremental exercise test to determine two heart rate-VO2 regression equations which were used to estimate the energy expenditure. Results The mean ingestion of macronutrients during the event was 943 ± 245 g (13.1 ± 4.0 g/kg) of carbohydrates, 174 ± 146 g (2.4 ± 1.9 g/kg) of proteins and 107 ± 56 g (1.5 ± 0.7 g/kg) of lipids, respectively. This amount of nutrients reported an average nutrient intake of 22.8 ± 8.9 MJ which were significantly lower compared with energy expenditure 42.9 ± 6.8 MJ (P = 0.012). Average fluid consumption corresponded to 10497 ± 2654 mL. Mean caffeine ingestion was 142 ± 76 mg. Additionally, there was no relationship between the main nutritional variables (i.e. energy intake, carbohydrates, proteins, fluids and caffeine ingestion) and the main performance variables (i.e. distance and speed). Conclusions A 24-hour hours cycling competition in a team relay format elicited high energy demands which were not compensated by energy intake of the athletes despite that dietary consumption of macronutrients did not differ to the nutritional guidelines for longer events. PMID:22309475

2012-01-01

56

24-hour rhythms of DNA methylation and their relation with rhythms of RNA expression in the human dorsolateral prefrontal cortex.  

PubMed

Circadian rhythms modulate the biology of many human tissues, including brain tissues, and are driven by a near 24-hour transcriptional feedback loop. These rhythms are paralleled by 24-hour rhythms of large portions of the transcriptome. The role of dynamic DNA methylation in influencing these rhythms is uncertain. While recent work in Neurospora suggests that dynamic site-specific circadian rhythms of DNA methylation may play a role in modulating the fungal molecular clock, such rhythms and their relationship to RNA expression have not, to our knowledge, been elucidated in mammalian tissues, including human brain tissues. We hypothesized that 24-hour rhythms of DNA methylation exist in the human brain, and play a role in driving 24-hour rhythms of RNA expression. We analyzed DNA methylation levels in post-mortem human dorsolateral prefrontal cortex samples from 738 subjects. We assessed for 24-hour rhythmicity of 420,132 DNA methylation sites throughout the genome by considering methylation levels as a function of clock time of death and parameterizing these data using cosine functions. We determined global statistical significance by permutation. We then related rhythms of DNA methylation with rhythms of RNA expression determined by RNA sequencing. We found evidence of significant 24-hour rhythmicity of DNA methylation. Regions near transcription start sites were enriched for high-amplitude rhythmic DNA methylation sites, which were in turn time locked to 24-hour rhythms of RNA expression of nearby genes, with the nadir of methylation preceding peak transcript expression by 1-3 hours. Weak ante-mortem rest-activity rhythms were associated with lower amplitude DNA methylation rhythms as were older age and the presence of Alzheimer's disease. These findings support the hypothesis that 24-hour rhythms of DNA methylation, particularly near transcription start sites, may play a role in driving 24-hour rhythms of gene expression in the human dorsolateral prefrontal cortex, and may be affected by age and Alzheimer's disease. PMID:25375876

Lim, Andrew S P; Srivastava, Gyan P; Yu, Lei; Chibnik, Lori B; Xu, Jishu; Buchman, Aron S; Schneider, Julie A; Myers, Amanda J; Bennett, David A; De Jager, Philip L

2014-11-01

57

24-Hour Rhythms of DNA Methylation and Their Relation with Rhythms of RNA Expression in the Human Dorsolateral Prefrontal Cortex  

PubMed Central

Circadian rhythms modulate the biology of many human tissues, including brain tissues, and are driven by a near 24-hour transcriptional feedback loop. These rhythms are paralleled by 24-hour rhythms of large portions of the transcriptome. The role of dynamic DNA methylation in influencing these rhythms is uncertain. While recent work in Neurospora suggests that dynamic site-specific circadian rhythms of DNA methylation may play a role in modulating the fungal molecular clock, such rhythms and their relationship to RNA expression have not, to our knowledge, been elucidated in mammalian tissues, including human brain tissues. We hypothesized that 24-hour rhythms of DNA methylation exist in the human brain, and play a role in driving 24-hour rhythms of RNA expression. We analyzed DNA methylation levels in post-mortem human dorsolateral prefrontal cortex samples from 738 subjects. We assessed for 24-hour rhythmicity of 420,132 DNA methylation sites throughout the genome by considering methylation levels as a function of clock time of death and parameterizing these data using cosine functions. We determined global statistical significance by permutation. We then related rhythms of DNA methylation with rhythms of RNA expression determined by RNA sequencing. We found evidence of significant 24-hour rhythmicity of DNA methylation. Regions near transcription start sites were enriched for high-amplitude rhythmic DNA methylation sites, which were in turn time locked to 24-hour rhythms of RNA expression of nearby genes, with the nadir of methylation preceding peak transcript expression by 1–3 hours. Weak ante-mortem rest-activity rhythms were associated with lower amplitude DNA methylation rhythms as were older age and the presence of Alzheimer's disease. These findings support the hypothesis that 24-hour rhythms of DNA methylation, particularly near transcription start sites, may play a role in driving 24-hour rhythms of gene expression in the human dorsolateral prefrontal cortex, and may be affected by age and Alzheimer's disease. PMID:25375876

Lim, Andrew S. P.; Srivastava, Gyan P.; Yu, Lei; Chibnik, Lori B.; Xu, Jishu; Buchman, Aron S.; Schneider, Julie A.; Myers, Amanda J.; Bennett, David A.; De Jager, Philip L.

2014-01-01

58

The 24-hour pulse wave velocity, aortic augmentation index, and central blood pressure in normotensive volunteers.  

PubMed

The purpose of this study was to examine the pulse wave velocity, aortic augmentation index corrected for heart rate 75 (AIx@75), and central systolic and diastolic blood pressure during 24-hour monitoring in normotensive volunteers. Overall, 467 subjects (206 men and 261 women) were recruited in this study. Participants were excluded from the study if they were less than 19 years of age, had blood test abnormalities, had a body mass index greater than 2 7.5 kg/m(2), had impaired glucose tolerance, or had hypotension or hypertension. Ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM) with the BPLab(®) device was performed in each subject. ABPM waveforms were analyzed using the special automatic Vasotens(®) algorithm, which allows the calculation of pulse wave velocity, AIx@75, central systolic and diastolic blood pressure for "24-hour", "awake", and "asleep" periods. Circadian rhythms and sex differences in these indexes were identified. Pending further validation in prospective outcome-based studies, our data may be used as preliminary diagnostic values for the BPLab ABPM additional index in adult subjects. PMID:24812515

Kuznetsova, Tatyana Y; Korneva, Viktoria A; Bryantseva, Evgeniya N; Barkan, Vitaliy S; Orlov, Artemy V; Posokhov, Igor N; Rogoza, Anatoly N

2014-01-01

59

The 24-hour pulse wave velocity, aortic augmentation index, and central blood pressure in normotensive volunteers  

PubMed Central

The purpose of this study was to examine the pulse wave velocity, aortic augmentation index corrected for heart rate 75 (AIx@75), and central systolic and diastolic blood pressure during 24-hour monitoring in normotensive volunteers. Overall, 467 subjects (206 men and 261 women) were recruited in this study. Participants were excluded from the study if they were less than 19 years of age, had blood test abnormalities, had a body mass index greater than 2 7.5 kg/m2, had impaired glucose tolerance, or had hypotension or hypertension. Ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM) with the BPLab® device was performed in each subject. ABPM waveforms were analyzed using the special automatic Vasotens® algorithm, which allows the calculation of pulse wave velocity, AIx@75, central systolic and diastolic blood pressure for “24-hour”, “awake”, and “asleep” periods. Circadian rhythms and sex differences in these indexes were identified. Pending further validation in prospective outcome-based studies, our data may be used as preliminary diagnostic values for the BPLab ABPM additional index in adult subjects. PMID:24812515

Kuznetsova, Tatyana Y; Korneva, Viktoria A; Bryantseva, Evgeniya N; Barkan, Vitaliy S; Orlov, Artemy V; Posokhov, Igor N; Rogoza, Anatoly N

2014-01-01

60

A Compute Perspective: Delivering Decision Support Products in 24 Hours from the Airborne Snow Observatory  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The JPL Airborne Snow Observatory (ASO) must process 100s of GB of raw data to 100s of Terabytes of derived data in 24 hour Near Real Time (NRT) latency in a geographically distributed mobile compute and data-intensive processing setting. ASO provides meaningful information to water resource managers in the Western US letting them know how much water to maintain; or release, and what the prospectus of the current snow season is in the Sierra Nevadas. Providing decision support products processed from airborne data in a 24 hour timeframe is an emergent field and required the team to develop a novel solution as this process is typically done over months. We've constructed a system that combines Apache OODT; with Apache Tika; with the Interactive Data Analysis (IDL)/ENVI programming environment to rapidly and unobtrusively generate, distribute and archive ASO data as soon as the plane lands near Mammoth Lakes, CA. Our system is flexible, underwent several redeployments and reconfigurations, and delivered this critical information to stakeholders during the recent "Snow On" campaign March 2013 - June 2013. This talk will take you through a day in the life of the compute team from data acquisition, delivery, processing, and dissemination. Within this context, we will discuss the architecture of ASO; the open source software we used; the data we stored; and how it was delivered to its users. Moreover we will discuss the logistics, system engineering, and staffing that went into the developing, deployment, and operation of the mobile compute system.

Ramirez, P.; Mattmann, C. A.; Painter, T. H.; Seidel, F. C.; Trangsrud, A.; Hart, A. F.; Goodale, C. E.; Boardman, J. W.; Heneghan, C.; Verma, R.; Khudikyan, S.; Boustani, M.; Zimdars, P. A.; Horn, J.; Neely, S.

2013-12-01

61

24-hour central aortic systolic pressure and 24-hour central pulse pressure are related to diabetic complications in type 1 diabetes – a cross-sectional study  

PubMed Central

Background Non-invasive measurements of 24 hour ambulatory central aortic systolic pressure (24 h-CASP) and central pulse pressure (24 h-CPP) are now feasible. We evaluate the relationship between 24 h central blood pressure and diabetes-related complications in patients with type 1 diabetes. Methods The study was cross-sectional, including 715 subjects: 86 controls (C), 69 patients with short diabetes duration (< 10 years), normoalbuminuria (< 30 mg/24 h) without receiving antihypertensive treatment (SN), 211 with longstanding diabetes (? 10 years) and normoalbuminuria (LN), 163 with microalbuminuria (30-299 mg/24 h) (Mi) and 186 with macroalbuminuria (> 300 mg/24 h) (Ma). 24 h-CASP and 24 h-CPP was measured using a tonometric wrist-watch-like device (BPro, HealthStats, Singapore) and derived using N-point moving average. Results In C, SN, LN, Mi and Ma mean ± SD 24 h-CASP was: 114 ± 17, 115 ± 13, 121 ± 13, 119 ± 16 and 121 ± 13 mmHg (p < 0.001); and 24 h-CPP: 38 ± 8, 38 ± 7, 44 ± 10, 46 ± 11 and 46 ± 11 mmHg, (p < 0.001). Following rigorous adjustment (24 h mean arterial pressure and conventional risk factors), 24 h-CASP and 24 h-CPP increased with diabetes, albuminuria degree, previous cardiovascular disease (CVD), retinopathy and autonomic dysfunction (p ? 0.031). Odds ratios per 1 standard deviation increase in 24 h-CASP, 24 h-CPP and 24 h systolic blood pressure (24 h-SBP) were for CVD: 3.19 (1.68-6.05), 1.43 (1.01-2.02) and 2.39 (1.32-4.33), retinopathy: 4.41 (2.03-9.57), 1.77 (1.17-2.68) and 3.72 (1.85-7.47) and autonomic dysfunction: 3.25 (1.65-6.41), 1.64 (1.12-2.39) and 2.89 (1.54-5.42). Conclusions 24 h-CASP and 24 h-CPP was higher in patients vs. controls and increased with diabetic complications independently of covariates. Furthermore, 24 h-CASP was stronger associated to complications than 24 h-SBP. The prognostic significance of 24 h-CASP and 24 h-CPP needs to be determined in follow-up studies. Trial registration ClinicalTrials.gov ID NCT01171248. PMID:23978271

2013-01-01

62

Analysis of 24-hour esophageal pH monitoring: the effect of state of consciousness.  

PubMed

This review addresses current advances in the diagnosis of sleep-related gastroesophageal reflux using ambulatory esophageal pH monitoring and laboratory monitoring, which includes polygraphic assessment of the state of consciousness. This 24-hour pH monitoring uses a new strategy of interpretation that characterizes acidic reflux events and specifically assesses the patient's position and state of consciousness. Thus, the recognition of reflux events during waking and sleep will add to the overall assessment of gastroesophageal reflux and its severity and clinical relevance. The pH testing, together with overnight polysomnography, offers an opportunity to link nighttime reflux with disease severity. The application of multichannel impedance with pH monitoring allows detection of acidic and nonacidic reflux events during sleep and also helps to elucidate the physiologic response of the esophagus to these events during sleep. The significance of these findings will increase our knowledge of esophageal physiology and the pathologic mechanisms underlying gastroesophageal reflux disease. PMID:18625136

Chen, Chien-Lin; Orr, William C

2008-06-01

63

[New measurements of noise from road traffic in Rome carried out during 24 hours (author's transl)].  

PubMed

A new series of noise measurements in 10 points of the central zone in Rome, corresponding to residential areas with commercial activity, to parks, to hospitals, and to a subway, have been carried out. Investigation has been protracted during 24 hours and each measure has lasted 20 minutes. For the survey a mobile acoustic unity of the Environmental Hygiene Laboratory, Department of Sanitary Engineering, of Istituto Superiore di Sanità has been employed. The unity is fitted with instruments for statistical analysis of noise in connection with a minicomputer. The used program has allowed to calculate L1, L10, L50, L90, standard deviation, Leq, LNP, TNI. On the basis of such measurements Leq 24, Ldn, CNEL, have been calculated. Collected data have been compared with limits of stated rules and with noise levels measured in other seven Italian towns. PMID:554484

Cosa, M; Nicoli, M

1979-01-01

64

Controversies: premature rupture of membranes at term--no advantage of delaying induction > 24 hours.  

PubMed

Results from randomised trials with formal randomisation indicate no evidence of benefits in terms of cesarean delivery of maternal/neonatal infectious morbidity by awaiting spontaneous onset of labor for more than 24 hours in women with term PROM. An overnight policy of management seems to be an attractive alternative to other management protocols. Women with prelabor rupture of membranes await stimulation of labor with oxytocin till next morning if admitted before midnight. A majority of the women may go into spontaneous labor with an excellent prospect of having a vaginal delivery. Particularly the nulliparous woman with poor cervical score could benefit from such an approach. Although prostaglandins in theory should be an useful adjunct agent to oxytocin, particularly in the nulliparous woman with unripe cervix, convincing evidence of the efficacy of the drug is still lacking. Well-conducted and randomised studies to evaluate the role of prostaglandins in nulliparous women with PROM are required. PMID:9120740

Ingemarsson, I

1996-01-01

65

Fasting for 24 Hours Heightens Reward from Food and Food-Related Cues  

PubMed Central

Introduction We examined the impact of a 24 hour complete fast (vs. fed state) on two measures of food reward: 1) ‘wanting’, as measured by response to food images and by the relative-reinforcing value of food (RRV), and 2) ‘liking’, as measured by response to food images and the hedonic evaluation of foods consumed. Methods Utilizing a randomized crossover design, 15 subjects (9 male; 6 female) aged 28.6±4.5 yrs with body mass index 25.3±1.4 kg/m2 were randomized and counterbalanced to normal feeding (FED) and 24-hour fast (FASTED) conditions. Trait characteristics were measured with the Three Factor Eating Questionnaire. Two computer tasks measured food reward: 1) RRV progressive ratio task, 2) explicit ‘liking’ and ‘wanting’ (Leeds Food Preference Questionnaire, LFPQ). Also measured were ad libitum energy intake (EI; buffet) and food ‘liking’ (visual analogue scale) of personalized stimuli. Results There were no significant anthropometric changes between conditions. Appetite scores, hedonic ratings of ‘liking’, and ad libitum EI all significantly increased under the FASTED condition (p<0.05). Under the FASTED condition there were significant increases in the RRV of snack foods; similarly, explicit ‘wanting’ and ‘liking’ significantly increased for all food categories. ‘Liking’ of sweet foods remained high across-meals under FASTED, but savory foods decreased in hedonic saliency. Conclusion Relative to a fed state, we observed an increase in hedonic ratings of food, the rewarding value of food, and food intake after a 24 hr fast. Alliesthesia to food and food cues is suggested by heightened hedonic ratings under the FASTED condition relative to FED. PMID:24454949

Cameron, Jameason D.; Goldfield, Gary S.; Finlayson, Graham; Blundell, John E.; Doucet, Éric

2014-01-01

66

Low correlation between visit-to-visit variability and 24-hour variability of blood pressure  

PubMed Central

Visit-to-visit variability (VVV) of clinic systolic blood pressure (SBP) has been associated with cardiovascular disease risk. Given the need for obtaining blood pressure (BP) at multiple visits to calculate VVV, substituting BP variability from ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM) may be a practical alternative. We assessed the correlation between VVV of BP and BP variability from ABPM using data from 146 untreated, mostly normotensive participants (mean age 47.9 years) in a substudy of the ongoing Masked Hypertension Study. VVV of SBP and diastolic blood pressure (DBP) was estimated by the standard deviation (SDvvv) and average real variability (ARVvvv) from 6 study visits over a median of 216 days. ABPM data were used to calculate the day-night SD (SDdn) and the ARV of SBP and DBP over 24 hours (ARV24). For SBP, the mean SDvvv and SDdn were 6.3 (SD=2.5) and 8.8 (SD=1.8) mmHg, respectively, and mean ARVvvv and ARV24 were 7.2 (SD=3.2) and 8.4 (SD=2.1) mmHg, respectively. The Spearman correlation coefficient between SDvvv and SDdn of SBP was rs=0.25 and between ARVvvv and ARV24 was rs=0.17. Participants in the highest quartile of SDdn of SBP were 1.66 (95% CI: 0.93 – 2.75) times more likely to be in the highest quartile of SDvvv of SBP. The observed-to-expected ratio between the highest quartiles of ARVvvv and ARV24 of SBP was 0.89 (95% CI: 0.41 – 1.69). The correlations for SDvvv and SDdn and ARVvvv and ARV24 of DBP were minimal. These data suggest VVV and 24-hour variability are weakly correlated and not interchangeable. PMID:23784506

Muntner, Paul; Shimbo, Daichi; Diaz, Keith M.; Newman, Jonathan; Sloan, Richard P.; Schwartz, Joseph E.

2013-01-01

67

The role of healthy diet in the prevention of osteoporosis in perimenopausal period  

PubMed Central

Objective: The aim of the study was to assess the diet for its effect on normal bone mineralization and qualitative analysis of dietary supplements used in the prevention of osteoporosis. Methods: Research data were acquired based on a questionnaire developed by the author. A 24-hour diet recall method was used with the involvement of Dieta 5.0 software developed by the National Food and Nutrition Institute in Warsaw in Poland. The second part of the study involved an analysis of the most popular dietary supplements available over the counter. Complexometric titration was used to separate and identify calcium. Results: The results of a 24-hour diet recall indicate that 47% of the respondents consumed 550-750 mg of calcium daily, and only 21% of the subjects consumed more than 1200 mg of calcium every day. The results give cause for concern: none of the analyzed diets supplied the recommended daily amounts of vitamin D, and only 29% of the respondents admitted taking vitamin D supplements. The results of the survey indicate that consumers have insufficient knowledge about lifestyle diseases, including osteoporosis. Conclusion: Diet of large part of society is not properly balanced which can cause abnormalities in achieving proper bone mineralization. Long-term deficiencies in calcium and vitamin D in daily diet are the cause for taking dietary supplements. Unfortunately, some preparations on the market do not have adequate storage. It happens that these preparations are poorly absorbed and the amount of active compound is too low. Changes in the nutritional regimen are required already during childhood because nutritional mistakes are the main cause of diet-related diseases in adulthood. PMID:25097513

Kostecka, Ma?gorzata

2014-01-01

68

Comparison of 24-hour cardiovascular and autonomic function in paraplegia, tetraplegia, and control groups: Implications for cardiovascular risk  

PubMed Central

Background Fluctuations in 24-hour cardiovascular hemodynamics, specifically heart rate (HR) and blood pressure (BP), are thought to reflect autonomic nervous system (ANS) activity. Persons with spinal cord injury (SCI) represent a model of ANS dysfunction, which may affect 24-hour hemodynamics and predispose these individuals to increased cardiovascular disease risk. Objective To determine 24-hour cardiovascular and ANS function among individuals with tetraplegia (n = 20; TETRA: C4–C8), high paraplegia (n = 10; HP: T2–T5), low paraplegia (n = 9; LP: T7–T12), and non-SCI controls (n = 10). Twenty-four-hour ANS function was assessed by time domain parameters of heart rate variability (HRV); the standard deviation of the 5-minute average R–R intervals (SDANN; milliseconds/ms), and the root-mean square of the standard deviation of the R–R intervals (rMSSD; ms). Subjects wore 24-hour ambulatory monitors to record HR, HRV, and BP. Mixed analysis of variance (ANOVA) revealed significantly lower 24-hour BP in the tetraplegic group; however, BP did not differ between the HP, LP, and control groups. Mixed ANOVA suggested significantly elevated 24-hour HR in the HP and LP groups compared to the TETRA and control groups (P < 0.05); daytime HR was higher in both paraplegic groups compared to the TETRA and control groups (P < 0.01) and nighttime HR was significantly elevated in the LP group compared to the TETRA and control groups (P < 0.01). Twenty-four-hour SDANN was significantly increased in the HP group compared to the LP and TETRA groups (P < 0.05) and rMSSD was significantly lower in the LP compared to the other three groups (P < 0.05). Elevated 24-hour HR in persons with paraplegia, in concert with altered HRV dynamics, may impart significant adverse cardiovascular consequences, which are currently unappreciated. PMID:21903013

Rosado-Rivera, Dwindally; Radulovic, M.; Handrakis, John P.; Cirnigliaro, Christopher M.; Jensen, A. Marley; Kirshblum, Steve; Bauman, William A.; Wecht, Jill Maria

2011-01-01

69

Importance of All Movement Behaviors in a 24 Hour Period for Overall Health  

PubMed Central

Physical inactivity and childhood obesity are well-recognized public health concerns that are associated with a range of adverse health outcomes. Historically, the benefits of physical activity (e.g., moderate-to-vigorous physical activity—MVPA) to overall health have dominated discussions and emerging evidence indicates that a broader, more integrated approach is needed to better understand and address current public health crises. Existing guidelines for children and youth around the world only focus on MVPA, and recently sedentary behavior, despite an accumulating body of evidence showing that light-intensity physical activity (LPA) such as walking can provide important health benefits. Furthermore, there is accumulating support for the importance of adequate sleep and that these behaviors moderate the health impact of each other. Ignoring the other components of the movement continuum (i.e., sleep, sedentary time, LPA) while focusing efforts exclusively on MVPA (accounting for <5% of the time in a 24 h period) limits the potential to optimize the health benefits of movement behaviors. In order to address this limitation, experts in Canada are currently developing the world’s first Integrated 24 Hour Movement Behaviour Guidelines for Children and Youth to help advance an integrated healthy active living agenda that has the potential to significantly improve the overall health and well-being of children and youth. PMID:25485978

Chaput, Jean-Philippe; Carson, Valerie; Gray, Casey E.; Tremblay, Mark S.

2014-01-01

70

Depressive Symptoms and 24-Hour Ambulatory Blood Pressure in Africans: The SABPA Study  

PubMed Central

Disturbances in circadian rhythm might play a central role in the neurobiology of depression. We examined the association between depressive symptoms and 24-hour ambulatory BP in a sample of 405 (197 black and 208 Caucasian) urbanized African teachers aged 25 to 60 yrs (mean 44.6 ± 9.6 yrs). Depressive symptoms were assessed using the self-administered 9-item Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9). After adjusting for age, sex, and ethnicity, participants with severe depressive symptoms (PHQ-9 ? 15) had higher odds of hypertension defined from ambulatory BP and/or use of antihypertensive medication (odds ratio = 2.19, 95% CI, 1.00–4.90) in comparison to participants with no symptoms. Compared to Caucasians with no depressive symptoms, those with severe symptoms had blunted nocturnal systolic BP drop of 4.7?mmHg (95% CI, ?0.5 to 10.0, P = 0.07). In summary, depressive symptoms were associated with the circadian BP profile in black and Caucasian Africans. PMID:22028954

Hamer, Mark; Frasure-Smith, Nancy; Lespérance, François; Harvey, Brian H.; Malan, Nico T.; Malan, Leoné

2012-01-01

71

Importance of all movement behaviors in a 24 hour period for overall health.  

PubMed

Physical inactivity and childhood obesity are well-recognized public health concerns that are associated with a range of adverse health outcomes. Historically, the benefits of physical activity (e.g., moderate-to-vigorous physical activity-MVPA) to overall health have dominated discussions and emerging evidence indicates that a broader, more integrated approach is needed to better understand and address current public health crises. Existing guidelines for children and youth around the world only focus on MVPA, and recently sedentary behavior, despite an accumulating body of evidence showing that light-intensity physical activity (LPA) such as walking can provide important health benefits. Furthermore, there is accumulating support for the importance of adequate sleep and that these behaviors moderate the health impact of each other. Ignoring the other components of the movement continuum (i.e., sleep, sedentary time, LPA) while focusing efforts exclusively on MVPA (accounting for <5% of the time in a 24 h period) limits the potential to optimize the health benefits of movement behaviors. In order to address this limitation, experts in Canada are currently developing the world's first Integrated 24 Hour Movement Behaviour Guidelines for Children and Youth to help advance an integrated healthy active living agenda that has the potential to significantly improve the overall health and well-being of children and youth. PMID:25485978

Chaput, Jean-Philippe; Carson, Valerie; Gray, Casey E; Tremblay, Mark S

2014-01-01

72

High energy deficit in an ultraendurance athlete in a 24-hour ultracycling race.  

PubMed

This case study examined the nutritional behavior and energy balance in an official finisher of a 24-hour ultracycling race. The food and beverages consumed by the cyclist were continuously weighed and recorded to estimate intake of energy, macronutrients, sodium, and caffeine. In addition, during the race, heart rate was continuously monitored. Energy expenditure was assessed using a heart rate-oxygen uptake regression equation obtained previously from a laboratory test. The athlete (39 years, 175.6 cm, 84.2 kg, maximum oxygen uptake, 64 mL/kg/min) cycled during 22 h 22 min, in which he completed 557.3 km with 8760 m of altitude at an average speed of 25.1 km/h. The average heart rate was 131 beats/min. Carbohydrates were the main macronutrient intake (1102 g, 13.1 g/kg); however, intake was below current recommendations. The consumption of protein and fat was 86 g and 91 g, respectively. He ingested 20.7 L (862 mL/h) of fluids, with sport drinks the main fluid used for hydration. Sodium concentration in relation to total fluid intake was 34.0 mmol/L. Caffeine consumption over the race was 231 mg (2.7 mg/kg). During the race, he expended 15,533 kcal. Total energy intake was 5571 kcal, with 4058 (73%) and 1513 (27%) kcal derived from solids and fluids, respectively. The energy balance resulted in an energy deficit of 9915 kcal. PMID:22481841

Bescós, Raúl; Rodríguez, Ferran A; Iglesias, Xavier; Benítez, Adolfo; Marina, Míchel; Padullés, Josep M; Torrado, Priscila; Vázquez, Jairo; Knechtle, Beat

2012-04-01

73

Feasibility of using statellites in non-equatorial 24-hour circular orbits for communications  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The early sixties witnessed the debate among competing candidate orbits that led to the emergence of perfect geostationary systems as virtually the sole "instruments" for satellite communication. The subsequent problem of overcrowding of geostationary ring on one hand and explosive growth in demand on communication capacity on the other led comsat experts to focus on the alternate routes through various near-earth and medium attitude satellite constellations later proposed for uninterrupted communication. However, the opportunities thrown up by quasi-stationary orbits for augmentation of the space communication capacity have gone abegging. This paper attempts to draw attention of communication satellite designers/planners to the immense potential for utilization of the non-equatorial, 24-hour circular orbits for communication. For the proposed quasi-stationary orbits, the change and/or control of the inclination of the plane is not envisaged in the launch and/or operational phase. The resulting significant payload weight advantage is associated with the problem of periodic as well as secular apparent angular satellite drift relative to the ground terminal. However, the problem may be largely overcome through controlled satellite tilting using solar radiation pressure or through the use of tethered auxiliary mass attachment. Alternatively, it may be possible to overcome the attitude control problem by the use of systems such as on-bard electronically steerable phased array antenna capable of following the line-of-sight to the co-operative ground station.

Kumar, Krishna; Kumar, K. D.

2001-03-01

74

A 24 hour plastic envelope method for isolating and identifying Gardnerella vaginalis (PEM-GVA)  

PubMed Central

A new plastic envelope culture test that is selective for Gardnerella vaginalis was compared with a conventional method. Vaginal specimens from 92 women were cultured. Results from both methods were compared with the results of pelvic examinations and clinic screening tests used to diagnose bacterial vaginosis (BV). G vaginalis was isolated more often in the envelope than by the conventional method from patients with BV and those without, though the difference was not significant. Isolation and identification of G vaginalis was completed in 18-24 hours by the envelope method; the conventional method took a mean of 72 hours (range two to six days). Polymorphonuclear leucocytes (PMNLs) occurred significantly more in specimens from the patients without BV than from those with BV. Both clue cells and a positive amine test reaction were found significantly more in specimens from patients with BV than from those without BV. Clue cells and G vaginalis isolation correlated best with BV (in 47 women), followed by clue cells and positive amine test results (in 39). Adherence of G vaginalis in the envelope also correlated more with BV, clue cells, and positive amine test results (32) than with patients without BV (14). When there were no clue cells and amine test results were negative the results correlated totally with a prediction of no BV. The use of the rapid envelope culture test would have confirmed BV in 20% of the cases where clue cell and amine test results were discordant. Images PMID:3044977

Ching, L Q; Borchardt, K A; Smith, R F; Beal, C B

1988-01-01

75

To Compare the Microleakage Among Experimental Adhesives Containing Nanoclay Fillers after the Storages of 24 Hours and 6 Months  

PubMed Central

Objectives: To compare the microleakage among experimental adhesives containing nanoclay fillers after the storages of 24 hours and 6 months. Materials and Methods: Class V cavities were prepared on extracted human molars with the occlusal margins located in enamel and the cervical margins in cementum. Phosphoric acid was applied to the enamel and dentin margins.Subsequently, the cavities were treated using four groups of experimental adhesive systems and restored with a resin composite. Adper Single Bond® was used as control group. After 24- hour and 6- month storages, the samples were subjected to thermocycling shocks and then immersed in silver nitrate as well as developer solution and finally evaluated for leakage. The data were analyzed using SPSS software. Results: Based on Kruskal –Wallis test, significant differences were found between groups regarding microleakage. The Mann- Whitney test showed that Leakage was significantly lower in Adper Single Bond® compared to the other groups in dentinal margins after 24 hours and 6 months and in enamel margins after 6 months. The Wilcoxon Signed Ranks test showed that the enamel leakage in experimental adhesives was significantly lower than dentinal leakage after 24 hours as well as enamel leakage in Adper Single Bond and adhesive with 0.5% PMAA-g-nanoclay was significantly lower than dentinal margins after storage period of 6 months. Conclusion: All the experimental adhesives were effective in reducing enamel leakage after 24 hours, but were not effective in reducing dentinal leakage after 24 hours as well as in enamel and dentinal leakage after a 6-month storage. No improvement was observed in the microleakage in dentin in both short (24 hrs) and long times (6 months). The high microleakage in the adhesives is probably attributed to the high concentration of HEMA in the recipe of the bonding agent. PMID:21566692

Mousavinasab, Seyed Mostafa; Atai, Mohammad; Alavi, Bagher

2011-01-01

76

The Dutch Healthy Diet index (DHD-index): an instrument to measure adherence to the Dutch Guidelines for a Healthy Diet  

PubMed Central

Background The objective was to develop an index based on the Dutch Guidelines for a healthy Diet of 2006 that reflects dietary quality and to apply it to the Dutch National Food Consumption Survey (DNFCS) to examine the associations with micronutrient intakes. Methods A total of 749 men and women, aged 19–30?years, contributed two 24-hour recalls and additional questionnaires in the DNFCS of 2003. The Dutch Healthy Diet index (DHD-index) includes ten components representing the ten Dutch Guidelines for a Healthy Diet. Per component the score ranges between zero and ten, resulting in a total score between zero (no adherence) and 100 (complete adherence). Results The mean?±?SD of the DHD-index was 60.4?±?11.5 for women and 57.8?±?10.8 for men (P for difference?=?0.002). Each component score increased across the sex-specific quintiles of the DHD-index. An inverse association was observed between the sex-specific quintiles of the DHD-index and total energy intake. Calcium, riboflavin, and vitamin E intake decreased with increasing DHD-index, an inverse association which disappeared after energy adjustment. Vitamin C showed a positive association across quintiles, also when adjusted for energy. For folate, iron, magnesium, potassium, thiamin, and vitamin B6 a positive association emerged after adjustment for energy. Conclusions The DHD-index is capable of ranking participants according to their adherence to the Dutch Guidelines for a Healthy Diet by reflecting variation in nine out of ten components that constitute the index when based on two 24-hour recalls. Furthermore, the index showed to be a good measure of nutrient density of diets. PMID:22818824

2012-01-01

77

24-hour time-dependent aspirin efficacy in patients with stable coronary artery disease.  

PubMed

Aspirin-induced cyclooxygenase (COX)-1 acetylation is irreversible and it is assumed that the platelet thromboxane-A2 aggregation pathway is inhibited for at least 24 hours (h) after aspirin ingestion. However, time course of biological efficacy of daily low-dose aspirin has rarely been assessed in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). We aimed to assess the 24-h biological efficacy of daily low-dose aspirin in CAD patients. The peak and trough (2 h-24 h) effect of a chronic treatment with once daily dose aspirin were studied in 150 consecutive stable CAD patients. The main outcome measure was light transmission aggregometry (LTA) triggered with 0.5 mg/ml arachidonic acid (AA). In the last 47 consecutive patients, additional tests were conducted at 6, 12, 16, 20 h after last aspirin administration. 4.7% of the patients had significant aggregation (>20% maximal intensity LTA-AA) 2 h after aspirin ingestion and 24.7% at 24 h (p<0.0001). The more precise assessments in the last 47 patients showed that significant platelet aggregation progressively reappeared with time after aspirin intake (2 h--4% of patients, 6 h-- 4%, 12 h--11%, 16 h--16%, 20 h--19% and 24 h--28%). Concordant results were observed using production of thromboxane-B2 and other techniques evaluating AA-induced platelet aggregation/activation. No significant differences were found between lower (75-100 mg/day) and higher (>100 mg/day) dose aspirin. Such aspirin «resistance» at 24 h after ingestion was related to biological inflammatory markers, current smoking and diabetes. In conclusion, once daily aspirin does not provide stable 24-h antiplatelet protection in a significant proportion of CAD patients. Any biological assessment of aspirin efficacy should take time since last aspirin intake into consideration. PMID:21136023

Henry, Patrick; Vermillet, Adeline; Boval, Bernadette; Guyetand, Carine; Petroni, Thibaut; Dillinger, Jean-Guillaume; Sideris, Georgios; Sollier, Claire Bal dit; Drouet, Ludovic

2011-02-01

78

Differentiation between LQT1 and LQT2 patients and unaffected subjects using 24-hour electrocardiographic recordings.  

PubMed

This study assesses the use of 24-hour ambulatory electrocardiographic recordings in distinguishing patients with long-QT1 syndrome (LQT1) from those with LQT2, and for distinguishing affected from unaffected patients. The diagnoses of the congenital LQT syndrome and its most common types LQT1 and LQT2 are made difficult because of the limitations of the electrocardiogram as a diagnostic tool. With an automated computerized program, Holter recordings from 15 LQT1 and 15 LQT2 patients and 43 healthy subjects (training set) were reviewed to select the best criteria using QT duration and rate dependence as well as the difference between QT end and QT apex to separate the 3 groups. Fixed criteria were then applied in blinded fashion to separate a different group of 32 genotyped patients and 16 unaffected subjects (test set). In the training set, the RR interval (100 ms), a slope value for median QT/RR curves of -0.016 separated 25 of 30 (83%) and a minimal QT end - QT apex value of 80 ms, separated 26 of 30 (87%) LQT1 patients from LQT2 patients. When all selected criteria were applied to differentiate LQT1 from LQT2 versus unaffected genotypes in the test set, 38 of 48 cases (79%) were correctly identified, whereas using the electrocardiogram alone, 60% of patients were correctly classified into 3 genotypes (p = 0.03). Combining measures for QT duration, rate dependence, and QT end - QT apex interval, derived from Holter recordings, complements the clinical differentiation between LQT1 versus LQT2 patients and between affected and unaffected persons for genotype screening purposes. PMID:11897209

Viitasalo, Matti; Oikarinen, Lasse; Väänänen, Heikki; Swan, Heikki; Piippo, Kirsi; Kontula, Kimmo; Barron, Hal V; Toivonen, Lauri; Scheinman, Melvin M

2002-03-15

79

72 Genome Informatics 17(1): 72{79 (2006) Why Do Cells Cycle with a 24 Hour Period?  

E-print Network

72 Genome Informatics 17(1): 72{79 (2006) Why Do Cells Cycle with a 24 Hour Period? Samuel Bernard, Greece hal-00371755,version1-2Apr2009 Author manuscript, published in "Genome informatics series : proceedings of the ... Workshop on Genome Informatics. Workshop on Genome Informatics. 17, 1 (2006) 72

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

80

Traumatic Brain Injury Has Not Prominent Effects on Cardiopulmonary Indices of Rat after 24 Hours: Hemodynamic, Histopathology, and Biochemical Evidence  

PubMed Central

Background: Accidents are the second reason for mortality and morbidity in Iran. Among them, brain injuries are the most important damage. Clarification of the effects of brain injuries on different body systems will help physicians to prioritize their treatment strategies. In this study, the effect of pure brain trauma on the cardiovascular system and lungs 24 hours post trauma was assessed. Methods: Male Wistar rats (n = 32) were divided into sham control and traumatic brain injury (TBI) groups. In TBI animals, under deep anesthesia, a blow to the head was induced by the fall of a 450 g weight from 2 m height. Twenty four hours later, heart electrocardiogram and functional indices, cardiac troponin I, IL-6, TNF-, IL-I? in tissue and serum, and the histopathology of heart and lung were assessed. Results: The results showed that none of the functional, biochemical, inflammatory, and histopathology indices was statistically different between the two groups at 24 hours post TBI. Indices of impulse conduction velocity in atrium (P wave duration and P-R interval) were significantly longer in the TBI group. Conclusion: Overall, no important functional and histopathologic disturbances were found in heart and lung of TBI group after 24 hours. If the data is reproduced in human studies, the medical team could allocate their priority to treatment of brain disorders of the victim in the first 24 hours of pure TBI and postpone extensive assessment of heart and lung health indices to later time, thus reducing patient and health system expenditures. PMID:25326021

Najafipour, Hamid; Siahposht Khachaki, Ali; Khaksari, Mohammad; Shahouzehi, Beydolah; Joukar, Siyavash; Poursalehi, Hamid Reza

2014-01-01

81

Accident/Incident Reporting Form & Investigation Report FAX COMPLETED FORM (Within 24 hours) TO: 519-661-2079 (82079)  

E-print Network

Accident/Incident Reporting Form & Investigation Report FAX COMPLETED FORM (Within 24 hours) TO ­ Accident/Incident Reporting Form PART A Name of Employee: ______________________________________ Employee: Report Only Accident Incident No Injury/Hazard First Aid Lost Time Non-Lost Time (If Report Only

Lennard, William N.

82

Self-Renewal and Differentiation Capacity of Urine-Derived Stem Cells after Urine Preservation for 24 Hours  

PubMed Central

Despite successful approaches to preserve organs, tissues, and isolated cells, the maintenance of stem cell viability and function in body fluids during storage for cell distribution and transportation remains unexplored. The aim of this study was to characterize urine-derived stem cells (USCs) after optimal preservation of urine specimens for up to 24 hours. A total of 415 urine specimens were collected from 12 healthy men (age range 20–54 years old). About 6×104 cells shed off from the urinary tract system in 24 hours. At least 100 USC clones were obtained from the stored urine specimens after 24 hours and maintained similar biological features to fresh USCs. The stored USCs had a “rice grain” shape in primary culture, and expressed mesenchymal stem cell surface markers, high telomerase activity, and normal karyotypes. Importantly, the preserved cells retained bipotent differentiation capacity. Differentiated USCs expressed myogenic specific proteins and contractile function when exposed to myogenic differentiation medium, and they expressed urothelial cell-specific markers and barrier function when exposed to urothelial differentiation medium. These data demonstrated that up to 75% of fresh USCs can be safely persevered in urine for 24 hours and that these cells stored in urine retain their original stem cell properties, indicating that preserved USCs could be available for potential use in cell-based therapy or clinical diagnosis. PMID:23349776

Shi, Yingai; Bharadwaj, Shantaram; Leng, Xiaoyan; Zhou, Xiaobo; Liu, Hong; Atala, Anthony; Zhang, Yuanyuan

2013-01-01

83

24-Hour IOP Telemetry in the Nonhuman Primate: Implant System Performance and Initial Characterization of IOP at Multiple Timescales  

PubMed Central

Purpose. IOP is the most common independent risk factor for development and progression of glaucoma, but very little is known about IOP dynamics. Continuous IOP telemetry was used in three nonhuman primates to characterize IOP dynamics at multiple time scales for multiple 24-hour periods. Methods. An existing implantable telemetric pressure transducer system was adapted to monitoring anterior chamber IOP. The system records 500 IOP, ECG, and body temperature measurements per second and compensates for barometric pressure in real time. The continuous IOP signal was digitally filtered for noise and dropout and reported using time-window averaging for 19, 18, and 4 24-hour periods in three animals, respectively. Those data were analyzed for a nycthemeral pattern within each animal. Results. Ten-minute time-window averaging for multiple 24-hour periods showed that IOP fluctuated from 7 to 14 mm Hg during the day, and those changes occurred frequently and quickly. Two-hour time-window averages of IOP for multiple 24-hour periods in three animals showed a weak nycthemeral trend, but IOP was not repeatable from day-to-day within animals. Conclusions. The measured IOP was successfully measured continuously by using a new, fully implantable IOP telemetry system. IOP fluctuates as much as 10 mm Hg from day to day and hour to hour in unrestrained nonhuman primates, which indicates that snapshot IOP measurements may be inadequate to capture the true dynamic character of IOP. The distributions, magnitudes, and patterns of IOP are not reproducible from day to day within animals, but IOP tends to be slightly higher at night when IOP data are averaged across multiple 24-hour periods within animals. PMID:21791586

Burgoyne, Claude F.; Seigfreid, William P.; Reynaud, Juan F.; Strouthidis, Nicholas G.; Sallee, Verney

2011-01-01

84

Microleakage of Two Self-Adhesive Cements in the Enamel and Dentin After 24 Hours and Two Months  

PubMed Central

Objective: Microleakage is a main cause of restorative treatment failure. In this study, we compared occlusal and cervical microleakage of two self-adhesive cements after 24 hours and two months. Materials and Methods: In this in-vitro experimental study, class II inlay cavities were prepared on 60 sound human third molars. Composite inlays were fabricated with Z100 composite resin. The teeth were randomly assigned to six groups. RelyX-Arc (control), RelyX-Unicem and Maxcem were used for the first three groups and specimens were stored in distilled water at 37°C for 24 hours. The same cements were used for the remaining three groups, but the specimens were stored for 2 months. The teeth were subjected to 500 thermal cycles (5°C and 55°C) and immersed in 0.5% basic fuchsin for 24 hours and then sectioned mesiodistally and dye penetration was evaluated in a class II cavity with occlusal and cervical margins using X20 magnification stereomicroscope. Data were analyzed using Kruskal Wallis and Mann-Whitney U tests. Results: After 24 hours, cements had significant differences only in cervical margin microleakage (P=0.0001) and microleakage of RelyX-Unicem and Maxcem was significantly more than that of RelyX-Arc (both P=0.0001). Cervical microleakage in RelyX-Unicem and Maxcem was greater than occlusal (P=0.0001 and P=0.001, respectively). Microleakage was not significantly different between the occlusal and cervical margins after 2 months. Conclusion: Cervical microleakage was greater than occlusal in RelyX-Unicem and Maxcem after 24h. The greatest microleakage was reported for the cervical margin of RelyX-Unicem after 24 hours. PMID:25584053

Jaberi Ansari, Zahra; Kalantar Motamedi, Mojdeh

2014-01-01

85

Indications, technique, and clinical use of ambulatory 24-hour esophageal motility monitoring in a surgical practice.  

PubMed Central

The development of miniaturized electronic pressure transducers and portable digital data recorders with large storage capacity has made ambulatory monitoring of esophageal motor function over an entire circadian cycle possible. The broad clinical application of this new technology in a large number of asymptomatic normal volunteers and patients with primary esophageal motor disorders or gastroesophageal reflux disease provides new insights into esophageal motor function in health and disease under a variety of physiologic conditions. In normal volunteers and symptomatic patients, esophageal motor activity increases with both the state of consciousness and eating activity, i.e., from sleep to awake to meal periods. In the normal situation there is a higher prevalence of nonperistaltic esophageal contractions than appreciated on stationary manometry. Compared with standard manometry, ambulatory esophageal manometry provides a more than 100-fold larger database for the classification and quantitation of abnormal esophageal motor function and leads to a change in the diagnosis in a substantial portion of patients with symptoms suggestive of a primary esophageal motor disorder. In patients with nonobstructive dysphagia, the circadian esophageal motility pattern is characterized by an inability to organize the motor activity into peristaltic contractions during meal periods. In patients with noncardiac chest pain, ambulatory motility monitoring can document a direct correlation of abnormal esophageal motor activity with the symptom and shows that the abnormal motor activity immediately preceding the pain episodes is characterized by an increased frequency of simultaneous, double- and triple-peaked, high-amplitude, and long-duration contractions. A long esophageal myotomy can abolish the ability of the esophagus to produce this abnormal motor pattern. In patients with gastroesophageal reflux disease, ambulatory motility monitoring shows that the contractility of the esophageal body deteriorates with increasing severity of esophageal mucosal injury, compromising the clearance function of the esophageal body. These data suggest that ambulatory esophageal motility monitoring allows for a more precise classification of esophageal motor disorders than standard manometry and can identify abnormal esophageal motor pattern associated with nonobstructive dysphagia, noncardiac chest pain, or gastroesophageal reflux. Ambulatory esophageal manometry therefore should replace standard manometry in the assessment of esophageal body function and has potential to improve the diagnosis and management of patients with esophageal motor abnormalities. The combination of ambulatory 24-hour esophageal manometry with esophageal and gastric pH monitoring is currently the most physiologic way to assess patients with functional foregut disorders. PMID:8439211

Stein, H J; DeMeester, T R

1993-01-01

86

Non-24-Hour Disorder in Blind Individuals Revisited: Variability and the Influence of Environmental Time Cues  

PubMed Central

Study Objectives: To assess the interindividual and intraindividual variability in the circadian rhythms of blind individuals with non-24-h disorder and to quantify the influence of environmental time cues in blind subjects lacking entrainment (non-24-h individuals or N-24s). Design: An observational study of 21 N-24s (11 females and 10 males, age 9-78 years) who kept a sleep/wake schedule of their choosing. Circadian phase was determined using the melatonin onset (MO) from plasma or saliva samples that were collected every 2 weeks. Melatonin concentrations were measured by radioimmunoassay. A total of 469 MO assessments were conducted over 5,536 days of study. The rate of drift of circadian phase was calculated using a series of MOs (total number of hours the MO drifted divided by the total number of days studied). Stability of the rest/activity rhythm was calculated using chi-squared periodogram analysis of wrist actigraphy data in 19 subjects. Setting: Academic medical center. Participants: Paid volunteers. Interventions: N/A. Measurements and Results: Subjects lacked entrainment such that circadian phase drifted an average (± standard deviation) of 0.39 ± 0.29 h later per day; however, there was notable intersubject and intrasubject variability in the rate of drift including relative coordination and periods of transient entrainment during which there was little to no drift in the circadian phase. A regular, reproducible, and significant oscillation in the rate of drift was detected in 14 of the 21 subjects. A significant non-24-h rest/activity rhythm was detected in 18 of 19 subjects. There was a strong correlation (r = 0.793, P = 0.0001) between the non-24-h rest/activity rhythm and the rate of drift of the circadian phase. Conclusions: Most N-24s are influenced by unidentified environmental time cues and the non-entrained biological clock in such N-24s is reflected in their rest/activity rhythms. These findings may have diagnostic and treatment implications: this disorder might be diagnosed with actigraphy alone, relative coordination and transient entrainment may result in misdiagnosis and responsiveness to environmental time cues may influence treatment success with oral melatonin. Citation: Emens JS; Laurie AL; Songer JB; Lewy AJ. Non-24-hour disorder in blind individuals revisited: variability and the influence of environmental time cues. SLEEP 2013;36(7):1091-1100. PMID:23814347

Emens, Jonathan S.; Laurie, Amber L.; Songer, Jeannie B.; Lewy, Alfred J.

2013-01-01

87

Statistical analysis of noise level measurements carried out during 24 hours in Spanish urban areas  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Environmental noise measurements have been carried out during recent years in different cities and locations of Spain. The noise levels have been continuously sampled over 24 hour periods using a noise level analyzer. The data contained in this paper represent a total of 12,000 measurement hours. All the collected information has been used to investigate the time patterns of the hourly noise levels under a wide range of different conditions and to study the relationships between several noise descriptors in urban areas. The first part of this work is devoted to the study of the instantaneous noise levels statistical distributions. The instantaneous noise levels measured in urban areas vary appreciably with time. The distributions are approximately gaussian in locations exposed to heavy and steady traffic; to explain the observed distributions under other conditions (such as quiet residential areas, urban parks, etc.) many other distributions have been used (rectangular, skewed, bimodal). The second part of this paper deals with the variation of noise levels with the sampling time. In general, the time variation of the diurnal noise level (from 10.00 to 22.00 hours) is usually small, specially in high volume locations. The mean sound levels keep up practically constant from Monday to Tuesday, increase slightly on Friday and decrease somewhat on Saturday and Sunday. The relationships between the hourly percentile noise levels (Lx) and the corresponding equivalent sounds levels (Leq) has been studied. The best correlation and the most accurate estimations correspond to L1 and L10 equations and the worse to L90 and L99 equations. Finally, the influence of the characteristics of the locations on the measured noise levels has been investigated, in order to classify the urban locations included in the study in different groups or clusters. The variables road traffic volume, density of construction and size of the cities have been considered. As a result of this cluster analysis, the 500 cases considered in the present survey have been classified in four different groups.

Garrigues Mateu, Jose Vicente

88

Changes in foot volume, body composition, and hydration status in male and female 24-hour ultra-mountain bikers  

PubMed Central

Background The effects of running and cycling on changes in hydration status and body composition during a 24-hour race have been described previously, but data for 24-hour ultra-mountain bikers are missing. The present study investigated changes in foot volume, body composition, and hydration status in male and female 24-hour ultra-mountain bikers. Methods We compared in 49 (37 men and 12 women) 24-hour ultra-mountain bikers (ultra-MTBers) changes (?) in body mass (BM). Fat mass (FM), percent body fat (%BF) and skeletal muscle mass (SM) were estimated using anthropometric methods. Changes in total body water (TBW), extracellular fluid (ECF) and intracellular fluid (ICF) were determined using bioelectrical impedance and changes in foot volume using plethysmography. Haematocrit, plasma [Na+], plasma urea, plasma osmolality, urine urea, urine specific gravity and urine osmolality were measured in a subgroup of 25 ultra-MTBers (16 men and 9 women). Results In male 24-hour ultra-MTBers, BM (P??0.05). A significant correlation was found between post-race BM and post-race FM (r?=?0.63, P??0.05). Absolute ranking in the race was related to ?%BM (P??0.05). Conclusions Male and female 24-hour ultra-MTBers experienced a significant loss in BM and FM, whereas SM remained stable. Body weight changes and increases in plasma urea do not reflect a change in body hydration status. No oedema of the lower limbs occurred. PMID:24661412

2014-01-01

89

Changes in platelet morphology and function during 24 hours of storage.  

PubMed

For in vitro studies assessing the interaction of platelets with implant materials, common and standardized protocols for the preparation of platelet rich plasma (PRP) are lacking, which may lead to non-matching results due to the diversity of applied protocols. Particularly, the aging of platelets during prolonged preparation and storage times is discussed to lead to an underestimation of the material thrombogenicity. Here, we study the influence of whole blood- and PRP-storage times on changes in platelet morphology and function. Blood from apparently healthy subjects was collected according to a standardized protocol and examined immediately after blood collection, four hours and twenty four hours later. The capability of platelets to adhere and form stable aggregates (PFA100, closure time) was examined in sodium citrate anticoagulated whole blood (WB) using the agonists equine type I collagen and epinephrine bitartrate (collagen/epinephrine) as well as equine type I collagen and adenosine-5'-diphosphate (collagen/ADP). Circulating platelets were quantified at each time point. Morphology of platelets and platelet aggregates were visualized microscopically and measured using an electric field multi-channel counting system (CASY). The percentage of activated platelets was assessed by means of P-selectin (CD62P) expression of circulating platelets. Furthermore, platelet factor 4 (PF4) release was measured in platelet poor plasma (PPP) at each time point. Whole blood PFA100 closure times increased after stimulation with collagen/ADP and collagen/epinephrine. Twenty four hours after blood collection, both parameters were prolonged pathologically above the upper limit of the reference range. Numbers of circulating platelets, measured in PRP, decreased after four hours, but no longer after twenty four hours. Mean platelet volumes (MPV) and platelet large cell ratios (P-LCR, 12 fL - 40 fL) decreased over time. Immediately after blood collection, no debris or platelet aggregates could be visualized microscopically. After four hours, first debris and very small aggregates occurred. After 24 hours, platelet aggregates and also debris progressively increased. In accordance to this, the CASY system revealed an increase of platelet aggregates (up to 90 ?m diameter) with increasing storage time. The percentage of CD62P positive platelets and PF4 increased significantly with storage time in resting PRP. When soluble ADP was added to stored PRP samples, the number of activatable platelets decreased significantly over storage time. The present study reveals the importance of a consequent standardization in the preparation of WB and PRP. Platelet morphology and function, particularly platelet reactivity to adherent or soluble agonists in their surrounding milieu, changed rapidly outside the vascular system. This knowledge is of crucial interest, particularly in the field of biomaterial development for cardiovascular applications, and may help to define common standards in the in vitro hemocompatibility testing of biomaterials. PMID:25227196

Braune, S; Walter, M; Schulze, F; Lendlein, A; Jung, F

2014-01-01

90

The 24-hour respiratory quotient predicts energy intake and changes in body mass.  

PubMed

To define the relationship between the respiratory quotient (RQ) and energy intake (EI) and to determine the impact of spontaneous locomotor activity (LMA) in the development of diet-induced obesity (DIO), we fed C57BL/6 mice a high-fat diet (HFD) for either 4 days or 17 wk and analyzed them using indirect calorimetry. Importantly, changes in body mass during calorimetry (DeltaM(b)) significantly covaried with RQ and EI; adjusting the data for DeltaM(b) permitted an analysis of the energy-balanced state. The 24-h RQ strongly predicted 24-h EI, and the slope of this relationship was diet dependent (HFD or chow) but independent of the HFD feeding period. Early-stage DIO was characterized by dark-period hyperphagia and fat storage, offset by greater light-period lipid oxidation; later stage DIO mice had a milder hyperphagia and lower substrate flexibility. Consequently, whereas 24-h RQ equaled the food quotient of the HFD in both early- and late-stage DIO, the range of RQ values was negatively correlated with, and mostly explained by, 24-h EI only in late-stage DIO. Lean and early-stage DIO mice had similar LMA values that were reduced in late-stage DIO. However, LMA significantly explained variance in total energy expenditure (EE) in only early-stage DIO mice. This indicated that the link between LMA and EE was a transient adaptive response to early DIO, whereas the later loss of LMA did not explain body weight gain in C57BL/6 DIO mice. PMID:20018821

Longo, Kenneth A; Charoenthongtrakul, Soratree; Giuliana, Derek J; Govek, Elizabeth K; McDonagh, Thomas; Distefano, Peter S; Geddes, Brad J

2010-03-01

91

Weekly 24Hour Infusion of High-Dose 5Fluorouracil and Leucovorin in the Treatment of Advanced Gastric Cancers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Systemic chemotherapy for advanced gastric cancer is frequently associated with significant treatment-related toxicity, which is particularly severe in patients presenting with a poor general condition. A search for effective and low-toxic regimens for this group of patients is mandatory. A weekly 24-hour infusion of high-dose 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) and leucovorin (HDFL) has previously been demonstrated to be an effective treatment for

Chih-Hung Hsu; Kun-Huei Yeh; Li-Tzong Chen; Jacqueline Ming Liu; Chang-Ming Jan; Jaw-Town Lin; Yao-Chang Chen; Ann-Lii Cheng

1997-01-01

92

Association between 24-hour ambulatory blood pressure and erythrocyte n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids in Korean subjects with hypertension.  

PubMed

N-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) are known to have antihypertensive properties, but the association between 24-hour ambulatory blood pressure and the tissue content of n-3 PUFA remains controversial. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the hypothesis that the level of erythrocyte n-3 PUFA is inversely related with 24-hour ambulatory blood pressure after adjustment for relevant confounders. Fifty-one male and 49 female Korean patients were included in this study. Twenty-seven of the patients were defined as having hypertension. There were significant differences in age, body mass index, sex, marital status, and family history of hyperlipidemia between hypertensive and nonhypertensive subjects, and these factors were therefore considered to be confounding factors. Multivariate-adjusted regression analysis showed that erythrocyte fatty acids were not significantly associated with the risk of hypertension after adjusting for confounders. However, Pearson correlation analysis showed that 24-hour ambulatory systolic blood pressure (SBP) was significantly and negatively correlated with n-3 PUFA (r = -0.228, P = .027) and eicosapentaenoic acid (r = -0.270, P = .008), but not with docosahexaenoic acid (r = -0.156, P = .131). Multivariate-adjusted regression analysis also showed that intake of protein, vitamin B(2), vitamin E, and cholesterol increased the risk of hypertension after adjusting for confounders. In addition, Pearson correlation analysis showed that fat and cholesterol consumption was positively correlated with SBP, but carbohydrate intake was negatively correlated with SBP. In conclusion, erythrocyte n-3 PUFA did not reduce the risk of hypertension but were negatively correlated with 24-hour ambulatory SBP in the Korean population. PMID:21147363

Park, Yongsoon; Oh, Se-Hee; Rhee, Moo-Yong

2010-12-01

93

Association of target organ damage with 24-hour systolic and diastolic blood pressure levels and hypertension subtypes in untreated Chinese.  

PubMed

The association of target organ damage with 24-hour systolic and diastolic blood pressure levels and ambulatory hypertension subtypes has not yet been examined in untreated Chinese patients. We measured left ventricular mass index by echocardiography (n=619), the urinary albumin:creatinine ratio (n=1047), and aortic pulse wave velocity by tonometry (n=1013) in 1047 untreated subjects (mean age, 50.6 years; 48.9% women). Normotension was a 24-hour systolic/diastolic blood pressure <130/<80 mm?Hg. Hypertension subtypes were isolated diastolic hypertension and mixed systolic plus diastolic hypertension. We assessed associations of interest by multivariable-adjusted linear models. Using normotension as reference, mixed hypertension was associated with higher (P?0.003) left ventricular mass index (+4.31 g/m(2)), urinary albumin:creatinine ratio (+1.63 mg/mmol), and pulse wave velocity (+0.76 m/s); and isolated diastolic hypertension was associated with similar left ventricular mass index and pulse wave velocity (P?0.39), but higher urinary albumin:creatinine ratio (+1.24 mg/mmol; P=0.002). In younger participants (<55 years), the mutually independent effect sizes associated with 1 SD increases in 24-hour systolic/diastolic blood pressure were +3.31/-0.36 g/m(2) (P=0.009/0.79) for left ventricular mass index, +1.15/+1.14 mg/mmol (P=0.02/0.04) for the urinary albumin:creatinine ratio, and +0.54/-0.05 m/s (P<0.001/0.54) for pulse wave velocity. In older participants, these estimates were +3.58/+0.30 g/m(2) (P=0.045/0.88), +1.23/+1.05 mg/mmol (P=0.002/0.54), and +0.76/-0.49 m/s (P<0.001/<0.001), respectively. In conclusion, 24-hour systolic blood pressure and mixed hypertension are major determinants of target organ damage irrespective of age and target organ, whereas 24-hour diastolic blood pressure and isolated diastolic hypertension only relate to the urinary albumin:creatinine ratio below middle age. PMID:24246384

Wei, Fang-Fei; Li, Yan; Zhang, Lu; Xu, Ting-Yan; Ding, Feng-Hua; Staessen, Jan A; Wang, Ji-Guang

2014-02-01

94

NHEXAS PHASE I ARIZONA STUDY--STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURE FOR CODING: 24-HOUR FOOD DIARY (HAND ENTRY) (UA-D-39.0)  

EPA Science Inventory

The purpose of this SOP is to define the coding strategy for the 24-Hour Food Diary. This diary was developed for use during the Arizona NHEXAS project and the "Border" study. Keywords: data; coding; 24-hour food diary. The National Human Exposure Assessment Survey (NHEXAS) i...

95

NHEXAS PHASE I ARIZONA STUDY--STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURE FOR CLEANING: 24 HOUR FOOD DIARY (HAND ENTRY) (UA-D-40.0)  

EPA Science Inventory

The purpose of the SOP is to define the particular steps involved in cleaning the electronic data generated from data entry of the 24 Hour Food Diary. The procedure was developed to use during the Arizona NHEXAS project and the "Border" study. Keywords: data; cleaning; 24 hour ...

96

49 CFR 375.607 - What must I do if I am able to tender a shipment for final delivery more than 24 hours before a...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...am able to tender a shipment for final delivery more than 24 hours before a specified...am able to tender a shipment for final delivery more than 24 hours before a specified...individual shipper to accept an early delivery date. If the individual shipper...

2010-10-01

97

49 CFR 375.607 - What must I do if I am able to tender a shipment for final delivery more than 24 hours before a...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...am able to tender a shipment for final delivery more than 24 hours before a specified...am able to tender a shipment for final delivery more than 24 hours before a specified...individual shipper to accept an early delivery date. If the individual shipper...

2011-10-01

98

49 CFR 375.607 - What must I do if I am able to tender a shipment for final delivery more than 24 hours before a...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...am able to tender a shipment for final delivery more than 24 hours before a specified...am able to tender a shipment for final delivery more than 24 hours before a specified...individual shipper to accept an early delivery date. If the individual shipper...

2013-10-01

99

49 CFR 375.607 - What must I do if I am able to tender a shipment for final delivery more than 24 hours before a...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...am able to tender a shipment for final delivery more than 24 hours before a specified...am able to tender a shipment for final delivery more than 24 hours before a specified...individual shipper to accept an early delivery date. If the individual shipper...

2012-10-01

100

[Bolsa-Família Program: diet quality of adult population in Curitiba, Paraná].  

PubMed

This study evaluated the quality of diet of the population receiving the Bolsa Familia Program in Curitiba, state of Parana, Brazil. It was a population-based cross-sectional study, conducted from July 2006 to July 2007. 747 beneficiaries were interviewed from 19 years of age, of both genders. A 24 hour-recall was implemented in order to assess the quality of the diet and the Healthy Eating Index (HEI) was used as a parameter for the classification of the group in consumption levels. Descriptive statistics were used to describe the diet quality of the studied population. Wald test and ANOVA test were performed to compare the means of the index according to the socio-economic variables, considering a significance level of 5%. The sample comprised 91.4% of women and 8.6% of men. The average age of the population was 36.4 ± 13.3 years, with 75% having completed elementary school. The mean HEI was 51 points, which features a diet that needs improvement. The population has a monotonous diet with an adequate intake of legumes, but low for fruits, vegetables and dairy products. Comparing the categories of diet quality of individuals, all components, except sodium, showed statistically different median score (p < 0.01). Studies that evaluate the quality of the diet are essential to support the implementation of nutrition education programs targeted to the core of the problem in the populations studied. PMID:23681323

Lima, Flávia Emília Leite de; Fisberg, Regina Mara; Uchimura, Kátia Yumi; Picheth, Telma

2013-03-01

101

Estimation of Daily Salt Intake through a 24-Hour Urine Collection in Pohang, Korea  

PubMed Central

There is an established relationship between a high salt diet and public health problems, especially hypertension and cardiovascular disease. We estimated daily salt intake in a group of adults and assessed its association with related variables in Pohang, Korea. We conducted a cross-sectional survey in 2013 with 242 adults. Urine was collected for 24 hr to estimate daily salt intake, and questionnaires about salt preference were administered. The mean daily salt intake was 9.9±4.6 g. There was no difference in salt intake between high systolic blood pressure (SBP) participants and normal SBP participants (10.5±4.7 g/d vs. 9.6±4.3 g/d, P=0.339), but high diastolic blood pressure (DBP) participants reported more salt intake than normal DBP participants (10.4±4.9 g/d vs. 9.7±4.1 g/d, P=0.049). Salt intake and body mass index demonstrated a positive correlation (P=0.001). A preference for Korean soup or stew was associated with high salt intake (P=0.038). Dietary salt intake in Korean adults is still higher than the recommendation from the World Health Organization. More efforts should be made to reduce the salt consumption of Korean adults. PMID:25317022

2014-01-01

102

Incidence of and factors associated with perioperative cardiac arrest within 24 hours of anesthesia for emergency surgery  

PubMed Central

Purpose To determine the incidence of and factors associated with perioperative cardiac arrest within 24 hours of receiving anesthesia for emergency surgery. Patients and methods This retrospective cohort study was approved by the ethical committee of Maharaj Nakorn Chiang Mai Hospital, Thailand. We reviewed the data of 44,339 patients receiving anesthesia for emergency surgery during the period from January 1, 2003 to March 31, 2011. The data included patient characteristics, surgical procedures, American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) physical status classification, anesthesia information, location of anesthesia performed, and outcomes. Data of patients who had received topical anesthesia or monitoring anesthesia care were excluded. Factors associated with cardiac arrest were identified by univariate analyses. Multiple regressions for the risk ratio (RR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) were used to determine the strength of factors associated with cardiac arrest. A forward stepwise algorithm was chosen at a P-value <0.05. Results The incidence (within 24 hours) of perioperative cardiac arrest in patients receiving anesthesia for emergency surgery was 163 per 10,000. Factors associated with 24-hour perioperative cardiac arrest in emergency surgery were age of 2 years or younger (RR =1.46, CI =1.03–2.08, P=0.036), ASA physical status classification of 3–4 (RR =5.84, CI =4.20–8.12, P<0.001) and 5–6 (RR =33.98, CI =23.09–49.98, P<0.001), the anatomic site of surgery (upper intra-abdominal, RR =2.67, CI =2.14–3.33, P<0.001; intracranial, RR =1.74, CI =1.35–2.25, P<0.001; intrathoracic, RR =2.35, CI =1.70–3.24, P<0.001; cardiac, RR =3.61, CI =2.60–4.99, P<0.001; and major vascular; RR =3.05, CI =2.22–4.18, P<0.001), respiratory or cardiovascular comorbidities (RR =1.95, CI =1.60–2.38, P<0.001 and RR =1.38, CI =1.11–1.72, P=0.004, respectively), and patients in shock prior to receiving anesthesia (RR =2.62, CI =2.07–3.33, P<0.001). Conclusion The perioperative incidence of cardiac arrest within 24 hours of anesthesia for emergency surgery was high and associated with multiple factors such as young age (?2 years old), cardiovascular and respiratory comorbidities, increasing ASA physical status classification, preoperative shock, and surgery site. Perioperative care providers, including surgeons, anesthesiologists, and nurses, should be prepared to manage promptly this high risk group of surgical patients. PMID:25214804

Siriphuwanun, Visith; Punjasawadwong, Yodying; Lapisatepun, Worawut; Charuluxananan, Somrat; Uerpairojkit, Ketchada

2014-01-01

103

QTc interval prolongation in HIV-infected patients: a case–control study by 24-hour Holter ECG recording  

PubMed Central

Background Aim of the study was to assess QTc interval by a 24-hour ECG recording in a group of HIV-infected individuals with a basal prolonged QTc. The risk factors associated with QTc prolongation and the indices of cardiovascular autonomic control were also evaluated. Methods A case–control study was performed using as cases 32 HIV-infected patients with prolonged (>440 msec) QTc interval as assessed by Holter ECG, and as controls 64 HIV-infected subjects with normal QTc interval. Autonomic function was evaluated by heart rate variability analysis during 24-hour recording. Results Duration of HIV disease was significantly longer among cases than among controls (p=0.04). Waist/hip ratio was also higher among cases than among controls (p=0.05). Frequency domain analysis showed the absence of physiologic decrease of low frequency (LF) in the night period in both cases and controls. The LF night in cases showed a statistically significant reduction when compared with controls (p=0.007). Conclusions In our study group, QTc interval prolongation was associated with a longer duration of HIV infection and with a greater waist/hip ratio. HIV patients with QTc interval prolongation and with a longer duration of HIV infection were more likely to have an impairment of parasympathetic and sympathetic cardiac component. PMID:23259665

2012-01-01

104

Enhanced carotid-cardiac baroreflex response and elimination of orthostatic hypotension 24 hours after acute exercise in paraplegics  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

To test the hypothesis that an acute bout of maximal exercise can ameliorate orthostatic hypotension consequent to prolonged wheelchair confinement, we evaluated heart rate (HR), systolic (SBP) and diastolic (DBP) blood pressure responses during 15 minutes of 70 degrees head-up tilt (HUT) in 10 paraplegic subjects 24 hours after arm crank exercise designed to elicit maximal effort, and during a control (no exercise) conditions. Additionally, the carotid baroreceptor stimulus-cardiac response relationship was determined by measurement of R-R interval during external application of graded pressures to the carotid sinuses. One week separated the treatment conditions. The maximum slope of the carotid-cardiac baroreflex response was increased (p = 0.049) by exercise (6.2 +/- 1.7 msec/mmHg) compared to control (3.3 +/- 0.6). During control HUT, HR increased from 61 +/- 1 to 90 +/- 7 bpm (p = 0.001) while SBP decreased from 118 +/- 5 to 106 +/- 9 mmHg (p = 0.025). During HUT 24 hours after exercise, HR increased from 60 +/- 2 to 90 +/- 4 bpm (p = 0.001), but the reduction in SBP was essentially eliminated (116 +/- 5 to 113 +/- 5 mmHg).

Engelke, K. A.; Shea, J. D.; Doerr, D. F.; Convertino, V. A.

1992-01-01

105

Are energy dense diets also nutrient dense?  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Some beverages are nutrient dense, but they are often excluded from nutrient density calculations. The purpose of this study was to assess whether the energy-nutrient association changed when beverages were included in these calculations. Applying a cross-sectional design, a 24-hour dietary recall ...

106

A valence-dependent group-specific recall bias of retrospective self-reports: a study of borderline personality disorder in everyday life.  

PubMed

Recall is an active reconstruction process likely to distort past experiences. This distortion, known as recall bias, seems to manifest itself differently in sick and healthy people. A recall bias has been documented in several disorders, but never investigated in borderline personality disorder (BPD). To determine recall bias in BPD, we assessed momentary and retrospective ratings of specific emotions in 50 patients with BPD and 50 healthy controls (HCs), using the methodology of 24-hour ambulatory monitoring. Our data reveal a group-specific valence-dependent recall bias of retrospective self-report, indicated by a different overall recall pattern in HCs and BPD. BPD patients show an overall negative recall pattern, whereas HCs show a positive recall pattern. A traditional questionnaire approach does not distinguish between symptoms of the disorder and recall bias, although the pathological mechanisms underlying them as well as the appropriate treatment strategies may be different. PMID:17041290

Ebner-Priemer, Ulrich W; Kuo, Janice; Welch, Stacy Shaw; Thielgen, Tanja; Witte, Steffen; Bohus, Martin; Linehan, Marsha M

2006-10-01

107

Assessing Persistent Cancer Pain: A Comparison of Current Pain Ratings and Pain Recalled from the Past Week  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent guidelines developed by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration for the use of patient-reported outcomes discuss the rating of pain and other symptoms at their current level of severity versus rating these symptoms using a recall period, such as the past 24 hours or past week. To explore whether the overall experience of cancer patients is better represented by

Qiuling Shi; Xin Shelley Wang; Tito R. Mendoza; Kishan J. Pandya; Charles S. Cleeland

2009-01-01

108

Heart rate variability during the first 24 hours of successfully reperfused acute myocardial infarction: paradoxic decrease after reperfusion.  

PubMed

Heart rate variability (HRV) was evaluated during the first 24 hours of hospitalization in 36 patients with acute myocardial infarction. Reperfusion was achieved by 60 minutes in 21 patients (group M1) and by 130 minutes in the remaining 15 (group M2). Mean 24-hour HRV measures were not significantly different between groups M1 and M2. Hourly spectral analysis revealed a decrease in total power (0.01 to 1.0 Hz) from 0 to 8 hours to 9 to 16 and 17 to 24 hours in groups M1 (7.04 +/- 0.27 to 6.94 +/- 0.28 and 6.52 +/- 0.18; p = 0.0006) and in group M2 (6.88 +/- 0.30 to 6.57 +/- 0.23 and 6.40 +/- 0.15; p = 0.002). Total power decreased immediately after reperfusion: in group M1 it decreased during the second hour (7.32 +/- 0.96 to 6.42 +/- 1.2; p = 0.001) and in group M2 during the third (7.47 +/- 1.2 to 6.73 +/- 1.4; p = 0.049) and fourth hours (7.47 +/- 1.2 to 6.48 +/- 1.4; p = 0.029). Mean change in total power in the second hour was -11.6% in group M1 and +3.9% in group M2 (p = 0.0001) and in the third hour, +14.5% in group M1 and -8.6% in group M2 (p = 0.006). During the remaining 21 hours, there was no significant difference in hourly change in total power between groups. Similar changes were noted in high-frequency power, but the ratio of low-frequency to high-frequency power was unchanged. In acute myocardial infarction, HRV is higher during the early phase and decreases as hours progress. Reperfusion causes an immediate, transient, and seemingly paradoxic decrease in HRV, probably because of an abrupt decrease in parasympathetic tone. PMID:8800029

Chakko, S; Fernandez, A; Sequeira, R; Kessler, K M; Myerburg, R J

1996-09-01

109

Diet quality, social determinants, and weight status in Puerto Rican children aged 12 years.  

PubMed

Diet quality may be influenced by social determinants and weight status. This has not been studied in Puerto Rico; therefore, our cross-sectional study examined whether diet quality, assessed by the Healthy Eating Index-2005 (HEI-2005), differs by social determinants (sex, school type, and region) and weight status in children in Puerto Rico. As part of an island-wide study to evaluate oral health in 1,550 children aged 12 years, dietary intake was assessed in a representative subset (n=796) using a 24-hour diet recall. Diet quality was evaluated from the diet recall results using the HEI-2005. Overall mean HEI-2005 score was 40.9, out of a total maximum score of 100. Girls had significantly higher scores for whole fruit, total vegetables, whole grains, and sodium but lower scores for total grains and milk compared with boys (P<0.05). Children from public schools had higher scores for total fruit, whole fruit, and dark green and orange vegetables and legumes, but lower scores for whole grains and milk compared with those from private schools (P<0.05). Children from the central mountains had higher scores for the dark green and orange vegetables and legumes and for whole fruit compared with the other regions (P<0.05). Overweight children had significantly higher scores for total vegetables and milk, but lower scores for total fruit and sodium compared with non-overweight children (P<0.01). Some components of diet quality were associated with the social determinants studied and with weight status in our sample. Overall diet quality needs improvement in Puerto Rican children so that it is better aligned with dietary recommendations. PMID:24656710

Torres, Roxana; Santos, Elvia; Orraca, Luis; Elias, Augusto; Palacios, Cristina

2014-08-01

110

Biomechanical evaluation of three fixation modalities for preperitoneal inguinal hernia repair: a 24-hour postoperative study in pigs  

PubMed Central

Purpose Tacks and sutures ensure a strong fixation of meshes, but they can be associated with pain and discomfort. Less invasive methods are now available. Three fixation modalities were compared: the ProGrip™ laparoscopic self-fixating mesh; the fibrin glue Tisseel™ with Bard™ Soft Mesh; and the SorbaFix™ absorbable fixation system with Bard™ Soft Mesh. Materials and methods Meshes (6 cm ×6 cm) were implanted in the preperitoneal space of swine. Samples were explanted 24 hours after surgery. Centered defects were created, and samples (either ten or eleven per fixation type) were loaded in a pressure chamber. For each sample, the pressure, the mesh displacement through the defect, and the measurements of the contact area were recorded. Results At all pressures tested, the ProGrip™ laparoscopic self-fixating mesh both exhibited a significantly lower displacement through the defect and retained a significantly higher percentage of its initial contact area than either the Bard™ Soft Mesh with Tisseel™ system or the Bard™ Soft Mesh with SorbaFix™ absorbable fixation system. Dislocations occurred with the Bard™ Soft Mesh with Tisseel™ system and with the Bard™ Soft Mesh with SorbaFix™ absorbable fixation system at physiological pressure (,225 mmHg). No dislocation was recorded for the ProGrip™ laparoscopic self-fixating mesh. Conclusion At 24 hours after implantation, the mechanical fixation of the ProGrip™ laparoscopic self-fixating mesh was found to be significantly better than the fixation of the Tisseel™ system or the SorbaFix™ absorbable fixation system. PMID:25525396

Guérin, Gaëtan; Bourges, Xavier; Turquier, Frédéric

2014-01-01

111

24-hour urine protein  

MedlinePLUS

... area around the urethra. Open a urine collection bag (a plastic bag with an adhesive paper on one end), and ... For males, place the entire penis in the bag and attach the adhesive to the skin. For ...

112

Urine 24-hour volume  

MedlinePLUS

... the container provided by your doctor. An active infant can cause the bag to move, so it may take more than one try to collect the sample. When finished, label the container and return it as instructed.

113

Use of a food frequency questionnaire to assess diets of Jamaican adults: validation and correlation with biomarkers  

PubMed Central

Background Assessment of habitual diet is important in investigations of diet-disease relationships. Many epidemiological studies use the food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) to evaluate dietary intakes but few studies validate the instrument against biological markers. The aim of this study was to assess the validity and reproducibility of a previously validated 70-item food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) that was expanded to 120-items to assess diet - cancer relations. Methods Relative validity of the FFQ was assessed against twelve 24-hour recalls administered over 12 months in 70 subjects. The FFQ was repeated after one year (FFQ2) to assess reproducibility. The validity of the FFQ was evaluated by comparing nutrient and food group intakes from 24-hour recalls with the first and second FFQ. In addition, FFQ validity for cholesterol and folate were determined through correlation with biomarkers (serum cholesterol, serum folate and whole blood folate) in 159 control subjects participating in a case-control prostate cancer study. Results Compared to recalls the FFQ tended to overestimate energy and carbohydrate intakes but gave no differences in intake for protein and fat. Quartile agreement for energy-adjusted nutrient intakes between FFQ2 and recalls ranged from 31.8% - 77.3% for the lowest quartile and 20.8% - 81.0% in the highest quartile. Gross misclassification of nutrients was low with the exceptions of protein, vitamin E and retinol and weighted kappa values ranged from 0.33 to 0.64 for other nutrients. Validity correlations for energy-adjusted nutrients (excluding retinol) were moderate to high (0.38- 0.86). Correlation coefficients between multiple recalls and FFQ1 ranged from 0.27 (fruits) to 0.55 (red meat); the second FFQ gave somewhat higher coefficients (0.30 to 0.61). Reproducibility correlations for the nutrients ranged from 0.50 to 0.84. Calibration of the FFQ with biochemical markers showed modest correlations with serum cholesterol (0.24), serum folate (0.25) and whole blood folate (0.33) adjusted for age, energy, body mass index and smoking. Conclusions The expanded FFQ had good relative validity for estimating food group and nutrient intakes (except retinol and vitamin E) and was a reliable measure of habitual intake. Associations with biomarkers were comparable to other studies. PMID:21477338

2011-01-01

114

The prevalence of exercise-associated hyponatremia in 24-hour ultra-mountain bikers, 24-hour ultra-runners and multi-stage ultra-mountain bikers in the Czech Republic  

PubMed Central

Background To assess the prevalence of exercise-associated hyponatremia (EAH) in two 24-hour mountain bike (MTB) (R1,R2), one 24-hour running (R3) and one multi-stage MTB (R4) races held in the Czech Republic in a cluster of four cross-sectional studies. Methods In 27 ultra-mountain bikers (ultra-MTBers), 12 ultra-runners, and 14 multi-stage MTBers, fluid intake, changes (?) in body mass, hematocrit, plasma volume, plasma [Na+], plasma [K+], plasma osmolality, urine [Na+], urine [K+], urine specific gravity, urine osmolality, K+/Na+ ratio in urine, transtubular potassium gradient and glomerular filtration rate were measured and calculated. The use of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and symptoms of EAH were recorded using post-race questionnaires. Results Of the 53 finishers, three (5.7%) developed post-race EAH, thereof one (3.7%) ultra-MTBer, one (8.3%) ultra-runner and one (7.1%) multi-stage MTBer. Plasma [Na+] decreased significantly (p < 0.001) only in R4. Urine osmolality (R1, R3, R4 p < 0.001; R2 p < 0.05) and glomerular filtration rate (p < 0.001) increased, and body mass decreased in all races (p < 0.05). ? body mass was inversely related to the number of kilometers achieved (p < 0.001) in R2 where better ultra-MTBers tended to lose more weight. ? body mass (p < 0.001) and %? body mass (p = 0.05) were positively related to lower post-race plasma [Na+] in R3 that was associated with increased loss in body mass. Fluid intake was positively related to race performance in R1 and R2 (R1: p = 0.04; R2: p = 0.01) where ultra-MTBers in R1 and R2 who drank more finished ahead of those who drank less. Post-race plasma [Na+] was negatively associated with race performance in ultra-MTBers in R2 (p < 0.05), similarly ultra-runners in R3 (p < 0.05) where finishers with more kilometres had lower post-race plasma [Na+]. Conclusions The prevalence of EAH in the Czech Republic was no higher compared to existing reports on ultra-endurance athletes in other countries. Lower plasma [Na+] and development of EAH may be attributed to overdrinking, a pituitary secretion of vasopressin, an impaired mobilization of osmotically inactive sodium stores, and/or an inappropriate inactivation of osmotically active sodium. PMID:24512517

2014-01-01

115

Cross-Sectional Study of 24-Hour Urinary Electrolyte Excretion and Associated Health Outcomes in a Convenience Sample of Australian Primary Schoolchildren: The Salt and Other Nutrients in Children (SONIC) Study Protocol  

PubMed Central

Background Dietary sodium and potassium are involved in the pathogenesis of cardiovascular disease. Data exploring the cardiovascular outcomes associated with these electrolytes within Australian children is sparse. Furthermore, an objective measure of sodium and potassium intake within this group is lacking. Objective The primary aim of the Salt and Other Nutrient Intakes in Children (“SONIC”) study was to measure sodium and potassium intakes in a sample of primary schoolchildren located in Victoria, Australia, using 24-hour urine collections. Secondary aims were to identify the dietary sources of sodium and potassium, examine the association between these electrolytes and cardiovascular risk factors, and assess children’s taste preferences and saltiness perception of manufactured foods. Methods A cross-sectional study was conducted in a convenience sample of schoolchildren attending primary schools in Victoria, Australia. Participants completed one 24-hour urine collection, which was analyzed for sodium, potassium, and creatinine. Completeness of collections was assessed using collection time, total volume, and urinary creatinine. One 24-hour dietary recall was completed to assess dietary intake. Other data collected included blood pressure, body weight, height, waist and hip circumference. Children were also presented with high and low sodium variants of food products and asked to discriminate salt level and choose their preferred variant. Parents provided demographic information and information on use of discretionary salt. Descriptive statistics will be used to describe sodium and potassium intakes. Linear and logistic regression models with clustered robust standard errors will be used to assess the association between electrolyte intake and health outcomes (blood pressure and body mass index/BMI z-score and waist circumference) and to assess differences in taste preference and discrimination between high and low sodium foods, and correlations between preference, sodium intake, and covariates. Results A total of 780 children across 43 schools participated. The results from this study are expected at the end of 2015. Conclusions This study will provide the first objective measure of sodium and potassium intake in Australian schoolchildren and improve our understanding of the relationship of these electrolytes to cardiovascular risk factors. Furthermore, this study will provide insight into child taste preferences and explore related factors. Given the cardiovascular implications of consuming too much sodium and too little potassium, monitoring of these nutrients during childhood is an important public health initiative. PMID:25592666

Baxter, Janet R; Campbell, Karen J; Riddell, Lynn J; Rigo, Manuela; Liem, Djin Gie; Keast, Russell S; He, Feng J; Nowson, Caryl A

2015-01-01

116

Adherence to Mediterranean diet in a Spanish university population.  

PubMed

The aim of this work was to characterize food habits of Spanish University students and to assess the quality of their diet and some possible determinant factors according to Mediterranean food pattern among other indices. Two hundred eighty-four enrolled students during the academic year 2012-2013 participated in this survey. For each individual a questionnaire involving anthropometric measurements, types of housing, smoking habits and levels of physical activity were self-reported. Food consumption was gathered by two nonconsecutive 24 hour recalls including one weekend day. BMI within the normal range was showed by 72.5% of students and 75% of the sample reflected a sedentary lifestyle or low physical activity. The percentage of total energy from each macronutrient was approximately 17% proteins, 40% carbohydrates and 40% lipids. The ratio of polyunsaturated to monounsaturated fat only reached 0.32. Cholesterol consumption in men exceeded the intake in women by 70 mg/day but nutritional objectives were exceeded in both genders. The main source of protein had an animal origin from meat (38.1%), followed by cereals (19.4%) and dairy products (15.6%). The assessment of diet quality conducted by Healthy Eating Index (HEI) and Mediterranean Diet Score (MDS) revealed a low-intermediate score in both (51.2 ± 12.8 and 4.0 ± 1.5, respectively). The main deviations from Mediterranean pattern were a low intake of vegetables and fruit and a high consumption of meat and dairy products. According to HEI classification, 96.1% of subjects scored "poor" or "needs improvement" about the quality of their diet and only 5.3% of students achieved a high adherence to Mediterranean diet. It is necessary to foster changes toward a healthier diet pattern according to cultural context in this population for preventing cardiovascular diseases, type 2 diabetes and insulin resistance. PMID:24681406

García-Meseguer, María José; Burriel, Faustino Cervera; García, Cruz Vico; Serrano-Urrea, Ramón

2014-07-01

117

Failure to Recall  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Mathematical analysis shows that if the pattern of rehearsal in free-recall experiments (of necessity, the pattern observed when participants rehearse aloud) be continued without any further interruption by stimuli (as happens during recall), it terminates with the retrieval of the same 1 word over and over again. Such a terminal state is commonly…

Laming, Donald

2009-01-01

118

Diet quality inversely associated with C-reactive protein levels in urban, low-income African American and White adults  

PubMed Central

Background C-Reactive Protein (CRP), an inflammatory biomarker, is influenced by many factors including socioeconomic position, genetics and diet. The inverse association between diet and CRP is biologically feasible because micronutrients with antioxidative properties may enable the body to manage the balance between production and accumulation of reactive species that cause oxidative stress. Objective To determine the quality of the diet consumed by urban, low-income African American and White adults aged 30 to 64 years, and association of diet quality with CRP. Design Data from a cross-sectional study were used to evaluate diet quality assessed by mean adequacy ratio (MAR). Two 24-hour recalls were collected by trained interviewers using the USDA automated multiple pass method. Participants The sample consisted of Healthy Aging in Neighborhoods of Diversity across the Life Span baseline study participants, 2004–2009, who completed both recalls (n=2017). Main outcome measures MAR equaled the average of the ratio of intakes to RDA for 15 vitamins and minerals. CRP levels were assessed by the nephelometric method utilizing latex particles coated with CRP monoclonal antibodies. Statistical analysis performed Linear ordinary least square regression and generalized linear models were performed to determine the association of MAR (independent variable) with CRP (dependent variable) while adjusting for potential confounders. Results MAR scores ranged from 74.3 to 82.2. Intakes of magnesium and Vitamins A, C, and E were the most inadequate compared to Estimated Average Requirements. CRP levels were significantly associated with MAR, DXA-measured body fat, and hypertension. A 10% increase in MAR was associated to a 4% decrease in CRP. Conclusions The MAR was independently and significantly inversely associated with CRP, suggesting diet is associated with the regulation of inflammation. Interventions to assist people make better food choices may not only improve diet quality but also their health, possibly reducing risk for cardiovascular disease. PMID:24035460

Mason, Marc A; Allegro, Deanne; Zonderman, Alan B.; Evans, Michele K.

2013-01-01

119

Cannabinoid facilitation of fear extinction memory recall in humans  

PubMed Central

A first-line approach to treat anxiety disorders is exposure-based therapy, which relies on extinction processes such as repeatedly exposing the patient to stimuli (conditioned stimuli; CS) associated with the traumatic, fear-related memory. However, a significant number of patients fail to maintain their gains, partly attributed to the fact that this inhibitory learning and its maintenance is temporary and conditioned fear responses can return. Animal studies have shown that activation of the cannabinoid system during extinction learning enhances fear extinction and its retention. Specifically, CB1 receptor agonists, such as ?9-tetrahydrocannibinol (THC), can facilitate extinction recall by preventing recovery of extinguished fear in rats. However, this phenomenon has not been investigated in humans. We conducted a study using a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, between-subjects design, coupling a standard Pavlovian fear extinction paradigm and simultaneous skin conductance response (SCR) recording with an acute pharmacological challenge with oral dronabinol (synthetic THC) or placebo (PBO) 2 hours prior to extinction learning in 29 healthy adult volunteers (THC = 14; PBO = 15) and tested extinction retention 24 hours after extinction learning. Compared to subjects that received PBO, subjects that received THC showed low SCR to a previously extinguished CS when extinction memory recall was tested 24 hours after extinction learning, suggesting that THC prevented the recovery of fear. These results provide the first evidence that pharmacological enhancement of extinction learning is feasible in humans using cannabinoid system modulators, which may thus warrant further development and clinical testing. PMID:22796109

Rabinak, Christine A.; Angstadt, Mike; Sripada, Chandra S.; Abelson, James L.; Liberzon, Israel; Milad, Mohammed R.; Phan, K. Luan

2012-01-01

120

Recalling academic tasks  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This study was focused on what students remembered about five middle school science tasks when they were juniors and seniors in high school. Descriptions of the five tasks were reconstructed from available artifacts and teachers' records, notes and recollections. Three of the five tasks were "authentic" in the sense that students were asked to duplicate the decisions practitioners make in the adult world. The other two tasks were more typical school tasks involving note taking and preparation for a quiz. All five tasks, however, involved use of computers. Students were interviewed to examine what and how well they recalled the tasks and what forms or patterns of recall existed. Analysis of their responses indicated that different kinds of tasks produced different levels of recall. Authentically situated tasks were remembered much better than routine school tasks. Further, authentic tasks centered on design elements were recalled better than those for which design was not as pivotal. Patterns of recall indicated that participants most often recalled the decisions they made, the scenarios of the authentically situated tasks, the consequences of their tasks and the social contexts of the classroom. Task events, in other words, appeared to form a framework upon which students constructed stories of the tasks. The more salient the events, the richer the story, the deeper and more detailed the recall of the task. Thus, authentic tasks appeared to lend themselves to creating stories better than regular school tasks and therefore such tasks were recalled better. Implications of these patterns of recall are discussed with respect to issues of school learning and assessment.

Draper, Franklin Gno

121

Risk Stratification by 24-Hour Ambulatory Blood Pressure and Estimated Glomerular Filtration Rate in 5322 Subjects From 11 Populations  

PubMed Central

No previous study addressed whether in the general population estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR [Chronic Kidney Disease Epidemiology Collaboration formula]) adds to the prediction of cardiovascular outcome over and beyond ambulatory blood pressure. We recorded health outcomes in 5322 subjects (median age, 51.8 years; 43.1% women) randomly recruited from 11 populations, who had baseline measurements of 24-hour ambulatory blood pressure (ABP24) and eGFR. We computed hazard ratios using multivariable-adjusted Cox regression. Median follow-up was 9.3 years. In fully adjusted models, which included both ABP24 and eGFR, ABP24 predicted (P?0.008) both total (513 deaths) and cardiovascular (206) mortality; eGFR only predicted cardiovascular mortality (P=0.012). Furthermore, ABP24 predicted (P?0.0056) fatal combined with nonfatal events as a result of all cardiovascular causes (555 events), cardiac disease (335 events), or stroke (218 events), whereas eGFR only predicted the composite cardiovascular end point and stroke (P?0.035). The interaction terms between ABP24 and eGFR were all nonsignificant (P?0.082). For cardiovascular mortality, the composite cardiovascular end point, and stroke, ABP24 added 0.35%, 1.17%, and 1.00% to the risk already explained by cohort, sex, age, body mass index, smoking and drinking, previous cardiovascular disease, diabetes mellitus, and antihypertensive drug treatment. Adding eGFR explained an additional 0.13%, 0.09%, and 0.14%, respectively. Sensitivity analyses stratified for ethnicity, sex, and the presence of hypertension or chronic kidney disease (eGFR <60 mL/min per 1.73 m2) were confirmatory. In conclusion, in the general population, eGFR predicts fewer end points than ABP24. Relative to ABP24, eGFR is as an additive, not a multiplicative, risk factor and refines risk stratification 2- to 14-fold less. PMID:23172928

Boggia, José; Thijs, Lutgarde; Li, Yan; Hansen, Tine W.; Kikuya, Masahiro; Björklund-Bodegård, Kristina; Ohkubo, Takayoshi; Jeppesen, Jørgen; Torp-Pedersen, Christian; Dolan, Eamon; Kuznetsova, Tatiana; Stolarz-Skrzypek, Katarzyna; Tikhonoff, Valérie; Malyutina, Sofia; Casiglia, Edoardo; Nikitin, Yuri; Lind, Lars; Schwedt, Emma; Sandoya, Edgardo; Kawecka-Jaszcz, Kalina; Filipovský, Jan; Imai, Yutaka; Wang, Jiguang; Ibsen, Hans; O’Brien, Eoin; Staessen, Jan A.

2013-01-01

122

Vegetable variety is a key to improved diet quality in low-income women in California.  

PubMed

Primary prevention education interventions, including those sponsored by the US Department of Agriculture for low-income families, encourage and support increases in vegetable intake. Promoting vegetable variety as a focal point for behavior change may be a useful strategy to increase vegetable consumption. A simple vegetable variety evaluation tool might be useful to replace the time-intensive 24-hour dietary recall. The purpose of our study was to determine whether vegetable variety is associated with vegetable consumption and diet quality among US Department of Agriculture program participants. Variety of vegetable intake and measures of total vegetable intake, diet quality, and diet cost were evaluated. Low-income, female participants (N=112) aged 20 to 55 years with body mass index 17.7 to 68.5 who were the primary food purchasers/preparers for their households were recruited from four California counties representing rural, urban, and suburban areas. Energy density and Healthy Eating Index-2005 were used to assess diet quality. Vegetable variety was based on number of different vegetables consumed per week using a food frequency questionnaire, and three groups were identified as: low variety, ?5 different vegetables per week; moderate variety, 6 to 9 vegetables per week; and high variety, ?10 vegetables per week. Compared with the low-variety group, participants in the high-variety group ate a greater quantity of vegetables per day (P<0.001); their diets had a higher Healthy Eating Index score (P<0.001) and lower energy density (P<0.001); and costs of their daily diet and vegetable use were higher (P<0.001). Thus, greater vegetable variety was related to better overall diet quality, a larger quantity of vegetables consumed, and increased diet cost. PMID:24095620

Keim, Nancy L; Forester, Shavawn M; Lyly, Marika; Aaron, Grant J; Townsend, Marilyn S

2014-03-01

123

Recent Medical Device Recalls  

MedlinePLUS

... Vaccines, Blood & Biologics Animal & Veterinary Cosmetics Tobacco Products Medical Devices Print this page Share this page E-mail this page Home Medical Devices Medical Device Safety Medical Device Recalls Medical Device ...

124

Feeding Your Gadget and Tech Obsessions Moto X wrap-up: everything we learned in Motorola's first 24 hours of rebirth  

E-print Network

in dangerous situations. What the DARPA Virtual Robotics Challenge this year is doing is filtering out in Motorola's first 24 hours of rebirth Moto X hands-on Huawei Ascend P6 Unboxing and Hands-on What $37,000 Nexus 7 2013 benchmarked: Snapdragon S4 Pro in full effect SlashGear 101: What is Chromecast

Stryk, Oskar von

125

Evaluation of 24-Hour Arterial Stiffness Indices and Central Hemodynamics in Healthy Normotensive Subjects versus Treated or Untreated Hypertensive Patients: A Feasibility Study  

PubMed Central

Objective. Central blood pressure (BP) and vascular indices estimated noninvasively over the 24 hours were compared between normotensive volunteers and hypertensive patients by a pulse wave analysis of ambulatory blood pressure recordings. Methods. Digitalized waveforms obtained during each brachial oscillometric BP measurement were stored in the device memory and analyzed by the validated Vasotens technology. Averages for the 24 hours and for the awake and asleep subperiods were computed. Results. 142 normotensives and 661 hypertensives were evaluated. 24-hour central BP, pulse wave velocity (PWV), and augmentation index (AI) were significantly higher in the hypertensive group than in the normotensive group (119.3 versus 105.6?mmHg for systolic BP, 75.6 versus 72.3?mmHg for diastolic BP, 10.3 versus 10.0?m/sec for aortic PWV, ?9.7 versus ?40.7% for peripheral AI, and 24.7 versus 11.0% for aortic AI), whereas reflected wave transit time (RWTT) was significantly lower in hypertensive patients (126.6 versus 139.0?ms). After adjusting for confounding factors a statistically significant between-group difference was still observed for central BP, RWTT, and peripheral AI. All estimates displayed a typical circadian rhythm. Conclusions. Noninvasive assessment of 24-hour arterial stiffness and central hemodynamics in daily life dynamic conditions may help in assessing the arterial function impairment in hypertensive patients.

Omboni, Stefano; Posokhov, Igor N.; Rogoza, Anatoly N.

2015-01-01

126

TRAVEL ACCIDENT INSURANCE PLAN 01-01-2012 The Travel Accident Insurance Plan provides 24-hour Accident coverage while on Authorized  

E-print Network

1 TRAVEL ACCIDENT INSURANCE PLAN 01-01-2012 The Travel Accident Insurance Plan provides 24-hour Accident coverage while on Authorized Business Travel. Coverage begins at the actual starting point. Please note that the Employer reserves the right to amend or terminate this Travel Accident Insurance

Johnson, Peter D.

127

Balancing Work and Family All of us must allocate 24 hours a day to the activities of life. How well we balance responsibilities with  

E-print Network

Balancing Work and Family All of us must allocate 24 hours a day to the activities of life. How well we balance responsibilities with doing things we truly enjoy directly affects our quality of life. It also helps manage stress. Are you satisfied with your balance of time between work and family? If you

Leistikow, Bruce N.

128

Comparative effects of lercanidipine, amlodipine and hydrochlorothiazide on 24-hour ambulatory blood pressure and leg edema in confirmed ambulatory hypertensive patients  

Microsoft Academic Search

Lercanidipine (LER) is a dihydropyridine calcium antagonist having shown a lower incidence of leg edema in comparison with its congeners. The objectives of this study were to compare the effects on 24-hour ambulatory blood pressure (BP) as well as on the magnitude of leg edema of treatments using LER, amlodipine (AML), or hydrochlorothiazide (HCT) in patients with confirmed ambulatory hypertension

Jean Lefebvre; Luc Poirier; Yves Lacourcière

2005-01-01

129

A 24-Hour Temporal Profile of In Vivo Brain and Heart PET Imaging Reveals a Nocturnal Peak in Brain 18F-Fluorodeoxyglucose Uptake  

PubMed Central

Using positron emission tomography, we measured in vivo uptake of 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) in the brain and heart of C57Bl/6 mice at intervals across a 24-hour light-dark cycle. Our data describe a significant, high amplitude rhythm in FDG uptake throughout the whole brain, peaking at the mid-dark phase of the light-dark cycle, which is the active phase for nocturnal mice. Under these conditions, heart FDG uptake did not vary with time of day, but did show biological variation throughout the 24-hour period for measurements within the same mice. FDG uptake was scanned at different times of day within an individual mouse, and also compared to different times of day between individuals, showing both biological and technical reproducibility of the 24-hour pattern in FDG uptake. Regional analysis of brain FDG uptake revealed especially high amplitude rhythms in the olfactory bulb and cortex, while low amplitude rhythms were observed in the amygdala, brain stem and hypothalamus. Low amplitude 24-hour rhythms in regional FDG uptake may be due to multiple rhythms with different phases in a single brain structure, quenching some of the amplitude. Our data show that the whole brain exhibits significant, high amplitude daily variation in glucose uptake in living mice. Reports applying the 2-deoxy-D[14C]-glucose method for the quantitative determination of the rates of local cerebral glucose utilization indicate only a small number of brain regions exhibiting a day versus night variation in glucose utilization. In contrast, our data show 24-hour patterns in glucose uptake in most of the brain regions examined, including several regions that do not show a difference in glucose utilization. Our data also emphasizes a methodological requirement of controlling for the time of day of scanning FDG uptake in the brain in both clinical and pre-clinical settings, and suggests waveform normalization of FDG measurements at different times of the day. PMID:22384076

van der Veen, Daan R.; Shao, Jinping; Chapman, Sarah; Leevy, W. Matthew; Duffield, Giles E.

2012-01-01

130

Investigations into the source of two fungicides measured in the air for 24 hours following application to a cereal crop.  

PubMed

Airborne pesticides can be detected near to recently-treated arable fields for a period of days following the application. Identifying the source of such pesticides is important in developing predictive models for use in exposure and risk assessments. Previous work showed levels of pesticide in the air that were higher than expected for a low-vapour-pressure active ingredient, epoxiconazole, and comparable with an active ingredient of a significantly higher vapour pressure, fenpropidin. It was possible that the measured concentrations could be attributed to 'dust' particles emitted from the crop, either biological material contaminated with pesticide or solid dried deposits of active ingredient and other formulation components. A second experiment was therefore undertaken to measure airborne concentrations of the same active ingredients and to determine whether some or all of the measured airborne pesticide could be attributed to particles, using a Marple personal cascade impactor, which collects particles in the range 0.3 - 50 microm. Such samplers are not optimised to give good sampling efficiencies under the proposed field conditions, so some initial tests were undertaken in the Silsoe wind tunnel to assess its ability to sample particles in an air flow. In the subsequent field trial, a 192 m square plot in a commercially established winter cereal crop was sprayed with a tank mix of commercial formulations of epoxiconazole and fenpropidin. Measurements of airborne pesticides were made for 24 hours following the application with suction samplers attached to tenax tubes to evaluate vapour concentrations and with the cascade impactor to determine whether contaminated airborne particles were present. The concentrations of pesticide measured with the tenax tubes were significantly higher than the particulate component detected on the cascade impactor plates and it is therefore it was very unlikely that there was a significant contribution from pesticide-laden particles to the airborne concentration. Although it is clear that under these particular experimental conditions, airborne contaminated particles were not detected in significant quantities after the application, it is possible that this could occur under different circumstances, such as during pollen release or harvest. PMID:20218509

Ellis, M C Butler; Lane, A G; O'Sullivan, C M; Miller, P C H

2009-01-01

131

Risk Factor Monitoring and Methods Branch | ASA24 Enables Web-based Collection of 24-hour Dietary Data  

Cancer.gov

Following the findings from the OPEN study, RFMMB (led by Dr. Amy Subar) recognized the need for a better instrument to replace FFQs in nutritional epidemiology research. If a more effective instrument could be made affordable and feasible, it had the potential to enable better assessment of the associations between diet and health.

132

Mediterranean-style diet reduces metabolic syndrome components in obese children and adolescents with obesity  

PubMed Central

Background The beneficial effects of the Mediterranean diet have been amply proven in adults with cardiovascular risk factors. The effects of this diet have not been extensively assessed in pediatric populations with obesity, insulin resistance (IR) and metabolic syndrome (MetS). The aim of this study was to assess the efficacy of the Mediterranean style diet (MSD) to decrease cardiovascular risk factors in children and adolescents with obesity. Methods Participants were randomly assigned to a MSD rich in polyunsaturated fatty acids, fiber, flavonoids and antioxidants (60% of energy from carbohydrate, 25% from fat, and 15% from protein, (n?=?24); or a standard diet (55% of carbohydrate, 30% from fat and 15% from protein, (n?=?25), the caloric ingest was individualized. At baseline and 16-week of intervention, the glucose, triglycerides (TG), total cholesterol (TC), HDL-C, LDL-C were measured as well as the body composition and anthropometric data. The diet compliance was determined by the 24-hour recalls. Paired Student’s t and Macnemar’s test were used to compare effects in biochemical, body composition, anthropometric, and dietary variables. Results The MSD group had a significantly decrease in BMI, lean mass, fat mass, glucose, TC, TG, HDL-C and LDL-C. (p?diet compliance increased consumption of omega 9 fatty acids, zinc, vitamin E, selenium, and decreased consumption of saturated fatty acids (p?diet group decrease in glucose levels and frequency of glucose >100 mg/dL (p?

2014-01-01

133

Decreased luteinizing hormone pulse frequency is associated with elevated 24-hour ghrelin after calorie restriction and exercise in premenopausal women.  

PubMed

Elevated ghrelin has been shown to be associated with reduced luteinizing hormone (LH) pulsatility in Rhesus monkeys, rats, men, and recently women. We previously reported that 24-h ghrelin concentrations are elevated in women following a 3-mo exercise and diet program leading to weight loss. We investigated whether the elevations in ghrelin following an ~3-mo exercise and diet program leading to weight loss are associated with a decrease in LH pulsatility. The nonexercising control group (Control, n = 5) consumed a controlled diet that matched energy needs, whereas energy intake in the exercise group (Energy Deficit, n = 16) was reduced from baseline energy requirements and supervised exercise training occurred five times per a week. Significant decreases in body weight (-3.0 ± 0.6 kg), body fat (-2.9 ± 0.4 kg) and 24-h LH pulse frequency (-0.18 ± 0.08 pulses/h), and a significant increase in 24-h mean ghrelin were observed in only the Energy Deficit group. The pre-post change in LH pulse frequency was negatively correlated with the change in mean 24-h ghrelin (R = -0.485, P = 0.030) and the change in peak ghrelin at lunch (R = -0.518, P = 0.019). Interestingly, pre-post change in night LH pulse frequency was negatively correlated with the change in mean day ghrelin (R = -0.704, P = 0.001). Elevated total ghrelin concentrations are associated with the suppression of LH pulsatility in premenopausal women and may play a role in the suppression of reproductive function following weight loss. PMID:23115078

Scheid, Jennifer L; De Souza, Mary Jane; Hill, Brenna R; Leidy, Heather J; Williams, Nancy I

2013-01-01

134

Decreased luteinizing hormone pulse frequency is associated with elevated 24-hour ghrelin after calorie restriction and exercise in premenopausal women  

PubMed Central

Elevated ghrelin has been shown to be associated with reduced luteinizing hormone (LH) pulsatility in Rhesus monkeys, rats, men, and recently women. We previously reported that 24-h ghrelin concentrations are elevated in women following a 3-mo exercise and diet program leading to weight loss. We investigated whether the elevations in ghrelin following an ?3-mo exercise and diet program leading to weight loss are associated with a decrease in LH pulsatility. The nonexercising control group (Control, n = 5) consumed a controlled diet that matched energy needs, whereas energy intake in the exercise group (Energy Deficit, n = 16) was reduced from baseline energy requirements and supervised exercise training occurred five times per a week. Significant decreases in body weight (?3.0 ± 0.6 kg), body fat (?2.9 ± 0.4 kg) and 24-h LH pulse frequency (?0.18 ± 0.08 pulses/h), and a significant increase in 24-h mean ghrelin were observed in only the Energy Deficit group. The pre-post change in LH pulse frequency was negatively correlated with the change in mean 24-h ghrelin (R = ?0.485, P = 0.030) and the change in peak ghrelin at lunch (R = ?0.518, P = 0.019). Interestingly, pre-post change in night LH pulse frequency was negatively correlated with the change in mean day ghrelin (R = ?0.704, P = 0.001). Elevated total ghrelin concentrations are associated with the suppression of LH pulsatility in premenopausal women and may play a role in the suppression of reproductive function following weight loss. PMID:23115078

Scheid, Jennifer L.; De Souza, Mary Jane; Hill, Brenna R.; Leidy, Heather J.

2013-01-01

135

Autonomic imbalance during the day in patients with inflammatory bowel disease in remission. Evidence from spectral analysis of heart rate variability over 24 hours  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background. Autonomic function in inflammatory bowel disease has not yet been studied by means of analysis of 24-hour heart rate variability.Aim. To measure heart rate variability in inflammatory bowel disease patients in remission.Patients and methods. Study population comprised 27 patients with inflammatory bowel disease in remission and 28 healthy, sex- and age-matched controls. Two frequency ranges were analysed: low frequency

I. A. Mouzas; A. G. Pallis; G. E. Kochiadakis; M. Marketou; G. I. Chlouverakis; J. Mellisas; P. E. Vardas; E. A. Kouroumalis

2002-01-01

136

Morning Spot and 24Hour Urinary 6&bgr;-Hydroxycortisol to Cortisol Ratios: Intraindividual Variability and Correlation under Basal Conditions and Conditions of CYP 3A4 Induction  

Microsoft Academic Search

A single spot urine collection to measure the ratio of 6b-hydroxycortisol (6b-OHC) to free cortisol (C) has been proposed as a research tool for the assessment of CYP3A4 induction. However, intraindividual variability in 6b-OHC\\/C under basal conditions and conditions of induction has not been prospectively evaluated, and findings on the correlation between morning spot and 24-hour urinary ratios have been

Jonathan Q. Tran; Steven J. Kovacs; Thomas S. McIntosh; Hugh M. Davis; David E. Martin

1999-01-01

137

Can multichannel intraluminal pH-impedance monitoring be limited to 3 hours? Comparison between ambulatory 24-hour and post-prandial 3-hour recording.  

PubMed

Esophageal multichannel intraluminal pH-impedance recording (MII) is now a valid technique for determining the acidic, liquid, gas or mixed nature of gastroesophageal reflux episodes. However, some recordings may stop prematurely due to technical reasons or poor patient tolerance of the probe. Therefore, we questioned whether analysis of post-prandial 3-hour recording could predict the results obtained in ambulatory 24-hour recording. Fifty patients with symptoms of gastroesophageal reflux disease were investigated. For each patient, post-prandial 3-hour MII was recorded after a test meal, then followed by ambulatory 21-hour MII. Correlation between the total number of liquid reflux events in the 3-hour and 24-hour recordings was elevated (R=0.71; P<0.001), with better correlation for acid (R=0.80; P<0.001) and weak acid reflux (R=0.56; P<0.001) than non-acid reflux (R=0.44; P<0.01). Sensitivity and specificity of 3-hour recording in detecting elevated liquid reflux over 24 hours (id>75reflux/24 h) were 49% and 100%, respectively, for 8 or less liquid/mixed reflux events per 3 hours, and 78% and 88%, respectively for 15 or more liquid/mixed reflux events per 3 hours. The sensitivity and specificity of symptom association probability (SAP) calculated over 3 hours were 56% and 91%, respectively. In conclusion, we identified relevant indicators on the 3-hour post-prandial recording likely to give accurate prediction of absence or presence of gastroesophageal reflux disease from 24-hour MII recording. PMID:24251404

Gourcerol, G; Verin, E; Leroi, A M; Ducrotté, P

2014-01-01

138

The impact of compliance with 6-hour and 24-hour sepsis bundles on hospital mortality in patients with severe sepsis: a prospective observational study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Introduction  Compliance with the ventilator care bundle affects the rate of ventilator-associated pneumonia. It was not known, however,\\u000a whether compliance with sepsis care bundles has an impact on outcome. The aims of the present study were to determine the\\u000a rate of compliance with 6-hour and 24-hour sepsis bundles and to determine the impact of the compliance on hospital mortality\\u000a in patients

Fang Gao; Teresa Melody; Darren F Daniels; Simon Giles; Samantha Fox

2005-01-01

139

COMPARISON OF FIVE EXTRACTION METHODS ON INCURRED AND FORTIFIED PESTICIDES IN COMPOSITE DIETS: BLENDER, SOXHLET, ASE, MICROWAVE AND SFE  

EPA Science Inventory

The USEPA National Exposure Research Laboratory studies dietary exposure to a diverse group of semi-volatile pesticides by analyzing 24 hour duplicate composite diets. The pesticides of interest include organochlorines, organophosphates, anilines, and triazines. Currently, there ...

140

Precipitation HMM Recalls on BNT  

E-print Network

Precipitation HMM Recalls on BNT Results Exact Belief Propagation in Bayesian Networks: from to Algorithms #12;Precipitation HMM Recalls on BNT Results Outline 1 Precipitation HMM Definition Marginal to Algorithms #12;Precipitation HMM Recalls on BNT Results Definition Marginal Distributions Recursions

Nuel, Gregory

141

Egg Contribution Towards the Diet of Pregnant Latinas  

PubMed Central

Proper nutrition during gestation is important to prevent adverse pregnancy outcomes. Eggs contain many important nutrients necessary for fetal development and human survival. Three focus groups were conducted with Latina women living in Connecticut to identify cultural beliefs toward egg consumption during pregnancy, traditional egg dishes, and methods of preparation. A cross-sectional study was then carried out with a sample of predominately Puerto Rican pregnant Latinas (N = 241) to identify the frequency of consumption of eggs and egg-containing dishes as well as methods of preparation using a tailored food frequency questionnaire modified for this population. Paired sample t-tests were used to examine if there were differences in weekly mean egg intake patterns between the year prior to the pregnancy and during pregnancy based on a Food Frequency Questionnaire. Women were categorized into eggs consumers and non-consumers if they consumed or did not consume eggs during the previous day based on 24-hour recall data. Independent-sample t-test and chi-square cross-tabulation analyses were conducted to examine the association between egg consumption and nutrient intake categories. Results showed that eggs and egg-containing traditional dishes are consumed by Latinas before and during pregnancy. Egg consumers had higher intakes of protein, fat, vitamin K, vitamin E, selenium, beta carotene, lutein and zeaxanthin, cholesterol, total polyunsaturated fatty acids, and docosahexaenoic acid. Eggs contribute significantly to the diet of pregnant Latinas. PMID:21883065

Bermúdez-Millán, Ángela; Hromi-Fiedler, Amber; Damio, Grace; Segura-Pérez, Sofia; Pérez-Escamilla, Rafael

2011-01-01

142

A Phase I Trial and Pharmacokinetic Study of a 24-hour Infusion of Trabectedin (Yondelis®, ET-743) in Children and Adolescents with Relapsed or Refractory Solid Tumors  

PubMed Central

Background The objectives of this phase I study were to determine the maximum tolerated dose (MTD), toxicity profile and pharmacokinetics of a 24-hour continuous intravenous infusion of trabectedin administered to children and adolescents with refractory or relapsed solid tumors. Procedure Patients between the ages of 4 and 16 years old with refractory solid tumors received trabectedin as a 24-hour infusion every 21 days. Dexamethasone and prophylactic growth factor support were administered with each cycle. Pharmacokinetic studies were conducted during cycle 1. Results Patients (n=12) median (range) age 14.5 (8–16) years received trabectedin at 1.1 (n=3), 1.5 (n=6) or 1.7 (n=3) mg/m2. At the 1.5 mg/m2 dose level, one patient had dose limiting anorexia and fatigue. At 1.7 mg/m2, 2 patients experienced dose limiting toxicity, dehydration and gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase (GGT) elevation. Non-dose limiting toxicities included elevated serum transaminases, myelosuppression, nausea, emesis and fatigue. Plasma pharmacokinetic parameters were similar to historical data in adults. One partial response (PR) was observed in a patient with neuroendocrine carcinoma. Stable disease (SD) (?6 cycles) was achieved in 3 patients (osteosarcoma n=2, desmoplastic small round cell tumor n=1). Conclusions The MTD of trabectedin in pediatric patients with refractory solid tumors is 1.5 mg/m2 IV over 24 hours every 21 days. Dexamethasone to ameliorate hepatic toxicity and prophylactic growth factor support are required. PMID:22847981

Chuk, Meredith K.; Aikin, Alberta; Whitcomb, Trish; Widemann, Brigitte C.; Zannikos, Peter; Bayever, Eliel; Balis, Frank M.; Fox, Elizabeth

2012-01-01

143

Disproportional decrease in office blood pressure compared with 24-hour ambulatory blood pressure with antihypertensive treatment: dependency on pretreatment blood pressure levels.  

PubMed

The long-term relationship between 24-hour ambulatory blood pressure (ABP) and office BP in patients on therapy is not well documented. From a registry we included all patients in whom antihypertensive therapy needed to be uptitrated. Drug treatment included the direct renin inhibitor aliskiren or an angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor/angiotensin receptor blocker or drugs not blocking the renin-angiotensin system, alone or on top of an existing drug regimen. In all patients, office BP and 24-hour ABP were obtained at baseline and after 1 year with validated devices. In the study population of 2722 patients, there was a good correlation between the change in office BP and 24-hour ABP (systolic: r=0.39; P<0.001; diastolic: r=0.34; P<0.001). However, the numeric decrease in office BP did not correspond to the decrease in ABP in a 1:1 fashion, for example, a decrease of 10, 20, and 30 mm Hg corresponded to a decrease of ?7.2, 10.5, and 13.9 mm Hg in systolic ABP, respectively. The disproportionally greater decrease in systolic office BP compared with ABP was dependent on the level of the pretreatment BP, which was consistently higher for office BP than ABP. The white coat effect (difference between office BP and ABP) was on average 10/5 mm Hg lower 1 year after intensifying treatment and the magnitude of that was also dependent on pretreatment BP. There was a disproportionally greater decrease in systolic office BP than in ABP, which for both office BP and ABP seemed to depend on the pretreatment BP level. PMID:25259741

Schmieder, Roland E; Schmidt, Stephanie T; Riemer, Thomas; Dechend, Ralf; Hagedorn, Ina; Senges, Jochen; Messerli, Franz H; Zeymer, Uwe

2014-11-01

144

Treatment of burns in the first 24 hours: simple and practical guide by answering 10 questions in a step-by-step form  

PubMed Central

Residents in training, medical students and other staff in surgical sector, emergency room (ER) and intensive care unit (ICU) or Burn Unit face a multitude of questions regarding burn care. Treatment of burns is not always straightforward. Furthermore, National and International guidelines differ from one region to another. On one hand, it is important to understand pathophysiology, classification of burns, surgical treatment, and the latest updates in burn science. On the other hand, the clinical situation for treating these cases needs clear guidelines to cover every single aspect during the treatment procedure. Thus, 10 questions have been organised and discussed in a step-by-step form in order to achieve the excellence of education and the optimal treatment of burn injuries in the first 24 hours. These 10 questions will clearly discuss referral criteria to the burn unit, primary and secondary survey, estimation of the total burned surface area (%TBSA) and the degree of burns as well as resuscitation process, routine interventions, laboratory tests, indications of Bronchoscopy and special considerations for Inhalation trauma, immediate consultations and referrals, emergency surgery and admission orders. Understanding and answering the 10 questions will not only cover the management process of Burns during the first 24 hours but also seems to be an interactive clear guide for education purpose. PMID:22583548

2012-01-01

145

Writing superiority in cued recall  

PubMed Central

In list learning paradigms with free recall, written recall has been found to be less susceptible to intrusions of related concepts than spoken recall when the list items had been visually presented. This effect has been ascribed to the use of stored orthographic representations from the study phase during written recall (Kellogg, 2001). In other memory retrieval paradigms, by contrast, either better recall for modality-congruent items or an input-independent writing superiority effect have been found (Grabowski, 2005). In a series of four experiments using a paired associate learning paradigm we tested (a) whether output modality effects on verbal recall can be replicated in a paradigm that does not involve the rejection of semantically related intrusion words, (b) whether a possible superior performance for written recall was due to a slower response onset for writing as compared to speaking in immediate recall, and (c) whether the performance in paired associate word recall was correlated with performance in an additional episodic memory recall task. We observed better written recall in the first half of the recall phase, irrespective of the modality in which the material was presented upon encoding. An explanation for this effect based on longer response latencies for writing and hence more time for memory retrieval could be ruled out by showing that the effect persisted in delayed response versions of the task. Although there was some evidence that stored additional episodic information may contribute to the successful retrieval of associate words, this evidence was only found in the immediate response experiments and hence is most likely independent from the observed output modality effect. In sum, our results from a paired associate learning paradigm suggest that superior performance for written vs. spoken recall cannot be (solely) explained in terms of additional access to stored orthographic representations from the encoding phase. Our findings rather suggest a general writing-superiority effect at the time of memory retrieval. PMID:24151483

Fueller, Carina; Loescher, Jens; Indefrey, Peter

2013-01-01

146

Prognostic factors for death and survival with or without complications in cardiac arrest patients receiving CPR within 24 hours of anesthesia for emergency surgery  

PubMed Central

Purpose To determine prognostic factors for death and survival with or without complications in cardiac arrest patients who received cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) within 24 hours of receiving anesthesia for emergency surgery. Patients and methods A retrospective cohort study approved by the Maharaj Nakorn Chiang Mai University Hospital Ethical Committee. Data used were taken from records of 751 cardiac arrest patients who received their first CPR within 24 hours of anesthesia for emergency surgery between January 1, 2003 and October 31, 2011. The reviewed data included patient characteristics, surgical procedures, American Society of Anesthesiologist (ASA) physical status classification, anesthesia information, the timing of cardiac arrest, CPR details, and outcomes at 24 hours after CPR. Univariate and polytomous logistic regression analyses were used to determine prognostic factors associated with the outcome variable. P-values of less than 0.05 were considered statistically significant. Results The outcomes at 24 hours were death (638/751, 85.0%), survival with complications (73/751, 9.7%), and survival without complications (40/751, 5.3%). The prognostic factors associated with death were: age between 13–34 years (OR =3.08, 95% CI =1.03–9.19); ASA physical status three and higher (OR =6.60, 95% CI =2.17–20.13); precardiopulmonary comorbidity (OR =3.28, 95% CI =1.09–9.90); the condition of patients who were on mechanical ventilation prior to receiving anesthesia (OR =4.11, 95% CI =1.17–14.38); surgery in the upper abdominal site (OR =14.64, 95% CI =2.83–75.82); shock prior to cardiac arrest (OR =6.24, 95% CI =2.53–15.36); nonshockable electrocardiography (EKG) rhythm (OR =5.67, 95% CI =1.93–16.62); cardiac arrest occurring in postoperative period (OR =7.35, 95% CI =2.89–18.74); and duration of CPR more than 30 minutes (OR =4.32, 95% CI =1.39–13.45). The prognostic factors associated with survival with complications were being greater than or equal to 65 years of age (OR =4.30, 95% CI =1.13–16.42), upper abdominal site of surgery (OR =10.86, 95% CI =1.99–59.13), shock prior to cardiac arrest (OR =3.62, 95% CI =1.30–10.12), arrhythmia prior to cardiac arrest (OR =4.61, 95% CI =1.01–21.13), and cardiac arrest occurring in the postoperative period (OR =3.63, 95% CI =1.31–10.02). Conclusion The mortality and morbidity in patients who received anesthesia for emergency surgery within 24 hours of their first CPR were high, and were associated with identifiable patient comorbidity, age, shock, anatomic site of operation, the timing of cardiac arrest, EKG rhythm, and the duration of CPR. EKG monitoring helps to identify cardiac arrest quickly and diagnose the EKG rhythm as a shockable or nonshockable rhythm, with CPR being performed as per the American Heart Association (AHA) CPR Guidelines 2010. The use of the fast track system in combination with an interdisciplinary team for surgery, CPR, and postoperative care helps to rescue patients in a short time. PMID:25378961

Siriphuwanun, Visith; Punjasawadwong, Yodying; Lapisatepun, Worawut; Charuluxananan, Somrat; Uerpairojkit, Ketchada

2014-01-01

147

New quantitative methods for evaluation of dynamic changes in QT interval on 24 hour Holter ECG recordings: QT interval in idiopathic ventricular fibrillation and long QT syndrome  

PubMed Central

Objectives To introduce a nomogram of the normal QT interval at various heart rates measured from 24 hour Holter ECG recordings in healthy subjects with respect to age and sex and to use the nomogram to characterise dynamic changes in QT interval in patients with idiopathic ventricular fibrillation (IVF) and the long QT syndrome (LQT). Methods The study group consisted of 422 subjects: 249 healthy men ranging in age from 21–88 years (mean (SD) 47 (20) years) and 173 healthy women ranging in age from 21–85 years (47 (19) years). In addition, seven men with IVF ranging in age from 33–53 years (43 (9) years) and five women with LQT ranging in age from 20–55 years (37 (14) years) were studied. For each subject, QT interval and heart rate were determined automatically from 24 hour Holter ECG digital data—namely, QT interval was measured from signal averaged ECG waves obtained by averaging consecutive sinus beats during each 15 second period over 24 hours. Data were grouped and averaged at an interval of 5?beats/min for heart rates ranging from 46–120?beats/min. Results In healthy subjects aged

Sugao, M; Fujiki, A; Sakabe, M; Nishida, K; Tsuneda, T; Iwamoto, J; Mizumaki, K; Inoue, H

2006-01-01

148

White potatoes, including french fries, contribute shortfall nutrients to children's and adolescents' diets.  

PubMed

To test the hypothesis that white potatoes (WP), oven-baked fries (OBF), and french fries (FF) contribute important nutrients within energy needs to children's and adolescents' diets, secondary analysis of 24-hour dietary recall data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2003-2006 was conducted. Potato content of survey foods was determined using US Department of Agriculture recipe databases (Standard Reference (SR)-Link files). Nutrient content of potatoes was determined by linking SR codes to US Department of Agriculture food composition data. Daily nutrient intakes from potatoes were determined by applying the composition database to respondent's recall data. Sample-weighted data were analyzed; t tests assessed differences between age and sex groups. Results indicated that approximately 35% of children and adolescents consumed WP + FF + OBF; 18% consumed FF. Intakes were lower in children compared with adolescents (P < .01). Among adolescents, more boys than girls consumed FF (P < .05); boys ate larger amounts of WP + FF + OBF (134 g/d) and FF (100 g/d) (P < .01). Both WP + FF + OBF and FF provided 9% to 12% of total daily energy (but was within energy requirements in the highest consumers); 8% to 15% of daily fat (>75% monounsaturated fatty acids + polyunsaturated fatty acids); ? 10% dietary fiber, vitamin B(6), and potassium; 5% or greater thiamin, niacin, vitamin K, phosphorus, magnesium, and copper; and less than 5% sodium intake, for all sex -age groups. The combination WP + FF + OBF provided 5% or greater vitamin C for all sex-age groups and 5% or greater vitamin E and iron for most groups; FF provided 5% or greater vitamin E intakes for all. These cross-sectional data show that WP, including FF, provided shortfall nutrients within energy requirements to children and adolescents and, when consumed in moderate amounts, can be part of healthful diets. PMID:21530800

Freedman, Marjorie R; Keast, Debra R

2011-04-01

149

Wheat - Dependent Exercise-Induced Anaphylaxis Occurred With a Delayed Onset of 10 to 24 hours After Wheat Ingestion: A Case Report.  

PubMed

Wheat-dependent exercise-induced anaphylaxis (WDEIA) usually occurs 1 to 4 hours after wheat ingestion and the pathophysiology of WDEIA remains unknown. It is recommended that WDEIA patients refrain from exercise for 4 to 6 hours after wheat ingestion. We report a case of a 51-year-old man who experienced 5 anaphylaxis attacks; two of which occurred 10 to 24 hours after wheat ingestion and exercise. He has a history of chronic gastroenteritis that responds well to antihistamine drugs but not proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) and prokinetic agents. Abdominal CT results implied the possibility of superior mesenteric artery syndrome. We suggest that WDEIA occurs 6 hours after wheat ingestion in cases compounded by obstructive gastrointestinal diseases. PMID:24991463

Rongfei, Zhu; Wenjing, Li; Nan, Huang; Guanghui, Liu

2014-07-01

150

Achieving a predictable 24-hour return to normal activities after breast augmentation: part II. Patient preparation, refined surgical techniques, and instrumentation.  

PubMed

The goal of this study was to develop practices that would allow patients undergoing subpectoral augmentation to predictably return to full normal activities within 24 hours after the operation, free of postoperative adjuncts. Part I of this study used motion and time study principles to reduce operative times, medication dosages, perioperative morbidity, and recovery times in augmentation mammaplasty. Part II of the study focuses on details of patient education, preoperative planning, instrumentation, and surgical technique modifications that were identified, modified, and implemented to achieve the results reported in part I. Two groups of 16 patients each (groups 1 and 2) were studied retrospectively for comparison to a third group of 627 patients (group 3) studied prospectively. Patients in group 1 had axillary partial retropectoral breast augmentations in 1982-1983, using dissociative anesthesia, blunt instrument implant pocket dissection, and Dow Corning, double-lumen implants containing 20 mg of methylprednisolone and 20 cc of saline in the outer lumen of the implants. Patients in group 2 (1990) had inframammary, retromammary augmentations by using a combination of blunt and electrocautery dissection, Surgitek Replicon polyurethane-covered, silicone gel-filled implants, and general endotracheal anesthesia. Patients in group 3 (1998 to 2001, n = 627) had inframammary partial retropectoral, inframammary retromammary, and axillary partial retropectoral augmentations under general endotracheal anesthesia. Refined practices and surgical techniques from studies of groups 1 and 2 were applied in group 3. Videotapes from operative procedures of groups 1 and 2 were analyzed with macromotion and micromotion study principles, and tables of events were formulated for each move during the operation for all personnel in the operating room. Extensive details of surgical technique were examined and reexamined in 13 different stages by using principles of motion and time studies described in part I of this study to maximize efficiency without any change in quality. Unnecessary or unproductive motions and techniques were progressively eliminated, and essential, productive techniques were streamlined to eliminate wasted time and motion. Instrumentation and surgical techniques were evaluated in detail and modified to minimize bleeding and tissue trauma. Detailed data were presented in part I of this study that document shorter operative times, recovery times, time to discharge home, and time to return to normal activities. This part focuses on the patient education, preoperative planning, instrumentation, and surgical technique changes that were implemented on the basis of the findings in part I of the study. More extensive patient information integrated with staged informed consent resulted in a more in formed and confident patient. Applying motion and time study principles to analysis and refinement of instrumentation and surgical techniques resulted in a substantial reduction in perioperative morbidity and a simpler, shorter 24-hour return to full normal activity for 96 percent of the patients undergoing breast augmentation in group 3 compared with groups 1 and 2. More than 96 percent of patients in group 3 were able to return to normal activities, lift their arms above their heads, lift normal-weight objects, and drive their car within 24 hours after their partial retropectoral breast augmentation. Patient education, preoperative planning, instrumentation, and surgical technique modifications based on motion and time study video analyses reduced surgical trauma and bleeding, reduced perioperative morbidity, and allowed 96 percent of 627 breast augmentation patients in group 3 a predictable return to full, normal activity in 24 hours or less. Specific surgical factors that contributed to these results included (1) prospective hemostasis techniques with a zero tolerance for even the smallest amount of bleeding, (2) strict "no-touch" techniques for periosteum and perichondrium, (3) eliminating all blunt dissection, (4) per

Tebbetts, John B

2006-12-01

151

DIET QUALITY, OPIONIONS AND PRACTICES OF ADULTS IN THE LOWER MISSISSIPPI DELTA  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

The purpose of this investigation was to examine diet quality, opinions and practices of a representative sample of LMD adults consisting of 1699 African Americans (AA) and Caucasians (C). Diet quality was determined from 24-hour data collected by computer assisted telephone interviews using the Hea...

152

Validation of the BPLab® 24-hour blood pressure monitoring system in a pediatric population according to the 1993 British Hypertension Society protocol  

PubMed Central

Background Automatic 24-hour ambulatory blood pressure (BP) monitoring (ABPM) is a basic procedure performed in adults with arterial hypertension, but ABPM monitors have become widely used in pediatric practice only recently. The main problem is the lack of common normative data sets for ABPM in children and the small number of appropriate monitors that can be used for analysis of the 24-hour BP profile in this age group. The aim of this study was to validate the BPLab® ABPM monitor according to the 1993 British Hypertension Society (BHS-93) protocol, as well as to work out solutions regarding the feasibility of this device in pediatric practice. Methods Our study included 30 children of both sexes and aged 5–15 years, ie, “older” children according to the BHS-93 protocol. Before starting the study, we obtained ethical approval from the regional scientific ethics committee. All participants and their parents signed their written consent for participation in the study. The data were simultaneously obtained by three experts, who had completed a noninvasive BP measurement training course. BP values were measured using the Korotkoff auscultatory method (Phase I for systolic BP and Phase V for diastolic BP). Discrepancies in the systolic and diastolic BP measurements (n=180; 90 for each expert) were analyzed according to the criteria specified in the BHS-93 protocol. Results The device was graded “A” for both systolic BP and diastolic BP according to the criteria of the BHS-93 protocol. Conclusion The BPLab ABPM device may be recommended for extensive pediatric use. PMID:25674018

Ledyaev, Mikhail Y; Stepanova, Olga V; Ledyaeva, Anastasia M

2015-01-01

153

24-Hour Glycemic Variations in Drug-Naïve Patients with Type 2 Diabetes: A Continuous Glucose Monitoring (CGM)-Based Study  

PubMed Central

Objective To investigate a 24-hour glycemic variation in drug-naïve, type 2 diabetic patients by using CGM. Methods A total of 30 inpatients with type 2 diabetes were included in the study to analyze the 24-hour CGM data. Results The patients’ median age was 58 years old (interquartile range: 42–66 years), and their median HbA1c value was 7.6 (6.7–8.8)%. The median time to postprandial peak glucose levels(Peak Time) for each meal was 70–85 minutes, with the range of postprandial glucose increases(Increase Range) for each meal being 83–109 mg/dL. There was a significant positive correlation between the HbA1c values and Increases Range, Peak Time observed after breakfast and dinner, respectively. When the patients were stratified by a median HbA1c value of 7.6% into 2 groups, Increases Range and Peak Time, after breakfast, were shown to be significantly higher in the high-HbA1c group (H) than in the low-HbA1c (L) group. When the subjects were divided into four groups according to HbA1c levels:1 (<7.0%, n?=?8), 2 (7.0–7.9%, n?=?8), 3 (8.0–8.9%, n?=?8), and 4 (?9%, n?=?6), the average glucose level, pre-meal glucose level and postprandial peak glucose level increased steadily from group 1 to 4 in a stepwise manner. Conclusions In drug-naïve, Japanese type 2 diabetic patients, the Peak Time and the Increase Range were maximal after dinner. It was shown that the greater the HbA1c values, the longer Peak time and the higher Increase Range after breakfast and dinner. The average glucose level, pre meal glucose level and postprandial peak glucose level increased steadily as HbA1c level increased. PMID:23936258

Ando, Kiyotaka; Nishimura, Rimei; Tsujino, Daisuke; Seo, Chiaki; Utsunomiya, Kazunori

2013-01-01

154

Interpersonal Process Recall. ERIC Digest.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This digest focuses on Information Process Recall (IPR), a supervision strategy developed to increase counselor awareness of covert thoughts and feelings and to deepen the therapeutic relationship between the counselor and the client. Steps in conducting IPR are given as a guideline for conducting IPR recall sessions using audio or video tapes. To…

Cashwell, Craig S.

155

Social Environment Factors, Diet Quality, and Body Weight in 12-Year-Old Children from Four Public Schools in Puerto Rico  

PubMed Central

Objective To explore the association of social-environment (SE) factors and diet quality (DQ) with weight status in a group of children in Puerto Rico (PR). Methods A cross-sectional study in a sample of 114 12-year-old children enrolled in 4 public schools in the San Juan Metropolitan area in Puerto Rico (PR) during the 2012–2013 school year. These children completed a self-administered questionnaire on socio-demographic characteristics and SE, with information on family meal patterns; parental feeding styles; parental, peer, and school support for healthy eating; physical activity (PA); and frequency of PA and sedentary times. The participants also completed at 24-hour dietary recall interview to determine DQ. This was assessed with the Healthy Eating Index (HIE)-2010, an instrument that evaluates compliance with the Dietary Guidelines for Americans. Body mass index (BMI) was calculated and categorized as healthy weight, overweight, or obese. Results 36% of participants were overweight/obese. In terms of DQ, 55% had “poor” DQ, 45% had diets that “need improvement”, and none had “good” DQ. Children of healthy weight (75.0%) reported more frequent family meals than did overweight/obese children (57.5%; p = 0.05). No other significant associations were found between SE factors and DQ or body weight status. Conclusion Most of the participants were of healthy weight but had poor quality diets. Having a healthy weight was positively associated with frequent family meals. PMID:24964643

Serrano, Mónica; Torres, Roxana; Pérez, Cynthia M.; Palacios, Cristina

2014-01-01

156

Food insecurity is inversely associated with diet quality of lower-income adults.  

PubMed

Food insecurity acts as a chronic stressor independent of poverty. Food-insecure adults may consume more highly palatable foods as a coping mechanism, leading to poorer diet quality and increased risks of chronic disease over time. Using data from the 1999-2008 National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys, this study aimed to examine the cross-sectional differences in dietary intake and diet quality by household food security among 8,129 lower-income adults (?300% of the federal poverty level). Food insecurity was assessed using the 18-item US Household Food Security Survey Module. Dietary intake was assessed from 24-hour recalls and diet quality was measured using the Healthy Eating Index-2005 and the Alternate Healthy Eating Index-2010. Relative mean differences in dietary outcomes by household food security were estimated using linear regression models, adjusting for sociodemographic characteristics. Lower-income food-insecure adults reported higher consumption of some highly palatable foods, including high-fat dairy products (P trend<0.0001) and salty snacks (P trend=0.01) compared with lower-income food-secure adults. Food insecurity was also associated with more sugar-sweetened beverages (P trend=0.003); more red/processed meat (P trend=0.005); more nuts, seeds, and legumes (P trend=0.0006); fewer vegetables (P trend<0.0001); and fewer sweets and bakery desserts (P trend=0.0002). No differences were observed for intakes of total energy and macronutrients. Food insecurity was significantly associated with lower Healthy Eating Index-2005 (P trend<0.0001) and Alternate Healthy Eating Index-2010 scores (P trend<0.0001). Despite no macronutrient differences, food insecurity was associated with characteristics of poor diet quality known to increase chronic disease risk. PMID:25091796

Leung, Cindy W; Epel, Elissa S; Ritchie, Lorrene D; Crawford, Patricia B; Laraia, Barbara A

2014-12-01

157

The most amazing 24 hours.  

PubMed

In this column, a mother shares the story of her son's birth with her prenatal yoga instructor. The mother was able to work with her labor, was well supported by her husband and doula, and negotiated successfully with the hospital staff to have a safe, healthy birth. She describes how difficult labor is and the ways in which comfort and support strategies help women manage contractions. PMID:21197125

Posner, Tracy

2010-01-01

158

Seizure prediction and recall.  

PubMed

Using separate generalized mixed-effects models, we assessed seizure recall and prediction, as well as contributing diagnostic variables, in 83 adult patients with epilepsy undergoing video/EEG monitoring. The model revealed that when participants predicted a seizure, probability equaled 0.320 (95% CI: 0.149-0.558), a significant (P<0.05) increase over negative predictions (0.151, 95% CI: 0.71-0.228]). With no seizure, the rate of remembering was approximately 0.130 (95% CI: 0.73-0.219), increasing significantly to 0.628 (95% CI: 0.439 to 0.784) when a seizure occurred (P<0.001). Of the variables analyzed, only inpatient seizure rate influenced predictability (P<0.001) or recollection (P<0.001). These models reveal that patients were highly aware of their seizures, and in many cases, were able to make accurate predictions, for which seizure rate may be an important factor. PMID:20457544

DuBois, J M; Boylan, L S; Shiyko, M; Barr, W B; Devinsky, O

2010-05-01

159

Home-Schooled Children are thinner, leaner, and report better diets relative to traditionally-schooled children  

PubMed Central

Objective To examine and compare the relationships among diet, physical activity, and adiposity between home-schooled children (HSC) and traditionally-schooled children (TSC). Design and Methods Subjects were HSC (n=47) and TSC (n=48) aged 7 to 12 years old. Dietary intakes were determined via two 24-hour recalls and physical activity was assessed with 7 days of accelerometry. Fat mass (FM), trunk fat, and percent body fat (%BF) were measured by dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry (DXA). Results Relative to HSC, TSC demonstrated significantly higher BMI percentiles, FM, trunk fat, and %BF; consumed 120 total kilocalories more per day; and reported increased intakes of trans fats, total sugar, added sugars, calcium, and lower intakes of fiber, fruits, and vegetables (p<0.05). At lunch, TSC consumed significantly more calories, sugar, sodium, potassium, and calcium compared to HSC (p<0.05). Physical activity did not differ between groups. Traditional schooling was associated with increased consumption of trans fat, sugar, calcium (p<.05); lower intakes of fiber, and fruits and vegetables (p<.05); and higher FM, %BF, and trunk fat (p<0.01), after adjustment for covariates. Conclusions These data suggest HSC may consume diets that differ in energy and nutrient density relative to TSC, potentially contributing to differences in weight and adiposity. PMID:24039204

Cardel, Michelle; Willig, Amanda L.; Dulin-Keita, Akilah; Casazza, Krista; Cherrington, Andrea; Gunnarsdottir, Thrudur; Johnson, Susan L.; Peters, John C.; Hill, James O.; Allison, David B.; Fernández, José R.

2013-01-01

160

21 CFR 7.49 - Recall communications.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-04-01 false Recall communications. 7.49 Section 7...ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL...Responsibilities § 7.49 Recall communications. (a) General. ...and extent of a recall communication should be...

2011-04-01

161

21 CFR 7.49 - Recall communications.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-04-01 false Recall communications. 7.49 Section 7...ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL...Responsibilities § 7.49 Recall communications. (a) General. ...and extent of a recall communication should be...

2013-04-01

162

21 CFR 7.49 - Recall communications.  

...2014-04-01 false Recall communications. 7.49 Section 7...ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL...Responsibilities § 7.49 Recall communications. (a) General. ...and extent of a recall communication should be...

2014-04-01

163

21 CFR 7.49 - Recall communications.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-04-01 false Recall communications. 7.49 Section 7...ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL...Responsibilities § 7.49 Recall communications. (a) General. ...and extent of a recall communication should be...

2012-04-01

164

Between-group differences in nutrition- and health- related psychosocial factors among US adults and their associations with diet, exercise, and weight status  

PubMed Central

Background Large disparities exist across ethnic and socioeconomic status (SES) groups regarding obesity and other chronic diseases. Eliminating health disparities is a national priority in the US. Objective To test between-group differences in nutrition- and health-related psychosocial factors (NHRPF) and their associations with US adults’ diet, exercise, and weight status. Design and participants/setting Nationally representative data from the Continuing Survey of Food Intakes by Individuals and the Diet and Health Knowledge Survey in 1994-96 from 4,356 US adults aged 20-65 years were used. Diet was assessed using 24-hour recalls; NHRPF, by 25 questions; weight status, by self-reported weight and height. Index scores were created to measure NHRPF. Diet quality was assessed using the US Department of Agriculture 2005 Healthy Eating Index (HEI). Statistical analyses Multivariate linear and logistic regression models were conducted to examine the associations. Results Some ethnic differences in NHRPF existed but were small. There were statistically significant (P<0.05) and large ethnic differences in diet (blacks had the worst average HEI; whites, the best, at 47.6 vs. 52.3, respectively). Groups with higher SES had better NHRPF (had better nutrition knowledge and beliefs, made better food choices, and had better awareness of nutrition-related health risks) and HEI. Subjects with high school education had higher NHRPF score (37.2 vs. 35.7) and HEI (54.5 vs. 49.5) than those with less than a high school education. Conclusions Ethnic differences among American adults’ NHRPF were small, but SES differences were greater. More efforts are needed to study the influences of the complex interactions between individual and social environmental factors that affect Americans’ diet and weight status and to explain related ethnic disparities. PMID:22709700

Wang, Youfa; Chen, Xiaoli

2012-01-01

165

The initial success rate of cardiopulmonary resuscitation and its associated factors in patients with cardiac arrest within 24 hours after anesthesia for an emergency surgery  

PubMed Central

Purpose To determine the initial success rate and its associated factors on cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) in patients with cardiac arrest within 24 hours after receiving anesthesia for an emergency surgery. Patients and methods After the hospital ethical committee gave approval for this study, the anesthesia providers recorded all relevant data regarding CPR in patients with cardiac arrest within 24 hours after anesthesia for emergency surgery at Maharaj Nakorn Chiang Mai Hospital, a university hospital in Northern Thailand. Only data from the cardiac arrest patients who received the first CPR attempt were included in the analysis. The end point of the initial success of CPR was return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC). Factors related to ROSC were determined by univariate analyses and multiple logistic regression analysis. The odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) were used to calculate the strength of the factors associated with the ROSC. Results Of the 96 cardiac arrest patients, 44 patients (45.8%) achieved ROSC. Factors associated with ROSC were electrocardiogram monitoring for detected cardiac arrest (OR =4.03; 95% CI =1.16–14.01; P=0.029), non-shock patients before arrest (OR =8.54; 95% CI =2.13–34.32; P=0.003), timing to response of activated CPR team within 1 minute (OR =9.37; 95% CI =2.55–34.39; P<0.001), having trained CPR teams (OR =8.76; 95% CI =2.50–30.72; P<0.001), and administration of more than one dose of epinephrine (OR =5.62; 95% CI =1.32–23.88; P<0.019). Conclusion Patients undergoing anesthesia for an emergency surgery are at risk for perioperative cardiac arrest with high mortality which requires immediate CPR. Our results have confirmed that early detection of cardiac arrest by vigilant electrocardiogram monitoring and prompt management with a qualified team are important factors in improving the success of CPR. Emergency surgical patients at risk for cardiac arrest should be promptly managed, with facilities available not only during the operation but also during the pre- to postoperative period. PMID:24711714

Siriphuwanun, Visith; Punjasawadwong, Yodying; Lapisatepun, Worawut; Charuluxananan, Somrat; Uerpairojkit, Ketchada; Patumanond, Jayanton

2014-01-01

166

Metabolic Engineering of Light and Dark Biochemical Pathways in Wild-Type and Mutant Strains of Synechocystis PCC 6803 for Maximal, 24-Hour Production of Hydrogen Gas  

SciTech Connect

This project used the cyanobacterial species Synechocystis PCC 6803 to pursue two lines of inquiry, with each line addressing one of the two main factors affecting hydrogen (H2) production in Synechocystis PCC 6803: NADPH availability and O2 sensitivity. H2 production in Synechocystis PCC 6803 requires a very high NADPH:NADP+ ratio, that is, the NADP pool must be highly reduced, which can be problematic because several metabolic pathways potentially can act to raise or lower NADPH levels. Also, though the [NiFe]-hydrogenase in PCC 6803 is constitutively expressed, it is reversibly inactivated at very low O2 concentrations. Largely because of this O2 sensitivity and the requirement for high NADPH levels, a major portion of overall H2 production occurs under anoxic conditions in the dark, supported by breakdown of glycogen or other organic substrates accumulated during photosynthesis. Also, other factors, such as N or S limitation, pH changes, presence of other substances, or deletion of particular respiratory components, can affect light or dark H2 production. Therefore, in the first line of inquiry, under a number of culture conditions with wild type (WT) Synechocystis PCC 6803 cells and a mutant with impaired type I NADPH-dehydrogenase (NDH-1) function, we used H2 production profiling and metabolic flux analysis, with and without specific inhibitors, to examine systematically the pathways involved in light and dark H2 production. Results from this work provided rational bases for metabolic engineering to maximize photobiological H2 production on a 24-hour basis. In the second line of inquiry, we used site-directed mutagenesis to create mutants with hydrogenase enzymes exhibiting greater O2 tolerance. The research addressed the following four tasks: 1. Evaluate the effects of various culture conditions (N, S, or P limitation; light/dark; pH; exogenous organic carbon) on H2 production profiles of WT cells and an NDH-1 mutant; 2. Conduct metabolic flux analyses for enhanced H2 production profiles using selected culture conditions and inhibitors of specific pathways in WT cells and an NDH-1 mutant; 3. Create Synechocystis PCC 6803 mutant strains with modified hydrogenases exhibiting increased O2 tolerance and greater H2 production; and 4. Integrate enhanced hydrogenase mutants and culture and metabolic factor studies to maximize 24-hour H2 production.

Ely, Roger L.; Chaplen, Frank W.R.

2014-03-11

167

A Day in the Life of Millisecond Pulsar J1713+0747: Limits on Timing Precision Over 24 Hours and Implications for Gravitational Wave Detection  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A 24-hour global observation of millisecond radio pulsar J1713+0747 was undertaken by the International Pulsar Timing Array (IPTA) collaboration as an effort to better quantify sources of noise in this object, which is regularly timed for the purpose of detecting gravitational waves (GWs). Given an 8-year timing RMS of 30ns, it is regarded as one of the best precision clocks in the PTA. However, sources of timing noise visible on timescales longer than the usual 20-30min biweekly observation may nonetheless be present. Data from the campaign were taken contiguously with the Parkes, Arecibo, Green Bank, GMRT, LOFAR, Effelsberg, WSRT, Lovell, and Nancay radio telescopes. The combined pulse times-of-arrival provide an estimate of the absolute noise floor, in other words, what unaccounted sources of timing noise impede an otherwise simple sqrt(N) improvement in timing precision, where N is the number of pulses in a single observing session. We present first results of specific phenomena probed on the unusual timescale of tens of hours, in particular interstellar scattering (ISS), and discuss the degree to which ISS affects precision timing. Finally, we examine single pulse information during selected portions of the observation and determine the degree to which the pulse jitter of J1713+0747 varies throughout the course of the day-long dataset.

Dolch, Timothy; Bailes, M.; Bassa, C.; Bhat, R.; Bhattacharyya, B.; Champion, D.; Chatterjee, S.; Cognard, I.; Cordes, J. M.; Crowter, K.; Demorest, P.; Finn, L. S.; Fonseca, E.; Hessels, J.; Hobbs, G.; Janssen, G.; Jones, G.; Jordan, C.; Karuppusamy, R.; Keith, M.; Kramer, M.; Kraus, A.; Lam, M. T.; Lazarus, P.; Lazio, J.; Lee, K.; Levin, L.; Liu, K.; Lorimer, D.; Manchester, R. N.; McLaughlin, M.; Palliyaguru, N.; Perrodin, D.; Petroff, E.; Rajwade, K.; Rankin, J. M.; Ransom, S. M.; Rosenblum, J.; Roy, J.; Shannon, R.; Stappers, B.; Stinebring, D.; Stovall, K.; Teixeira, M.; van Leeuwen, J.; van Straten, W.; Verbiest, J.; Zhu, W.

2014-01-01

168

Short versus long-acting local anaesthetic in open carpal tunnel release: which provides better preemptive analgesia in the first 24 hours?  

PubMed

Open carpal tunnel release is commonly performed under local anaesthesia. No study has compared intra-operative short- versus long-acting local anaesthetics as preemptive analgesics in carpal tunnel surgery. In this single-blinded prospective study, 100 consecutive carpal tunnel releases were performed by a single surgeon at one institution with either lignocaine (n = 50) or ropivacaine (n = 50). Allocation was performed via the method of alternation. Subjects were given a questionnaire to answer the following: (1) time to first incidence of pain, (2) quality of first night's sleep, and (3) mean numerical pain scores in the first 24 hours. The time to the first postoperative pain was significantly shorter in the lignocaine group (5.58 vs. 9.17 hours, p < 0.035). There were no significant difference in the incidence of poor first night's sleep (16% vs. 26%, p = 0.28) or mean pain scores in the first day (3.6 vs. 2.9, p = 0.16). Existing evidence advocates for long-acting intraoperative local anaesthetic because it results in a longer duration of postoperative analgesia, however, our study suggests that it may also result in a poorer first night's sleep. PMID:23413849

Chan, Z H; Balakrishnan, V; McDonald, A

2013-01-01

169

Consistency with the dietary approaches to stop hypertension diet among adults with diabetes.  

PubMed

Few studies have documented whether the dietary patterns of adults with diabetes are similar to the Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH) diet. Our objective was to determine differences in the degree of consistency with the DASH diet among adults with self-reported diabetes (with and without self-reported high blood pressure) compared with those without either disease. It was a cross-sectional study using data from 5,867 nonpregnant, noninstitutionalized adults aged ? 20 years with two reliable 24-hour recall dietary interviews in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey during 2003-2004 and 2005-2006. Diabetes and hypertension status were obtained from a questionnaire, and degree of consistency with the DASH diet was calculated based on nine nutrient targets (0- to 9-point DASH score). Multiple linear regression (adjusting for age, energy intake, and other covariates such as education, race, and body mass index) was performed to compare mean DASH scores and mean nutrient intakes among adults with diabetes, with and without high blood pressure, to those without either disease. No statistically significant differences were seen in mean DASH score among the three groups in the unadjusted or fully adjusted multivariable models. Compared with adults without either disease, those with only diabetes had higher intakes of fiber (8.1 g/1,000 kcal vs 7.6 g/1,000 kcal; P=0.02) and total fat as a percentage of total energy (35.3% vs 34.1%; P=0.006), and those with both diabetes and hypertension had higher sodium intake (153.0% of DASH target vs 146.6%; P=0.04). This information about individual nutrients could help guide the development of education programs. PMID:23102178

Morton, Suzanne; Saydah, Sharon; Cleary, Sean D

2012-11-01

170

Is scanning in probed order recall articulatory?  

Microsoft Academic Search

We consider how theories of serial recall might apply to other short-term memory tasks involving recall of order. In particular, we consider the possibility that when participants are cued to recall an item at an arbitrary position in a sequence, they covertly serially recall the list up to the cued position. One question is whether such “scanning” is articulatory in

Simon Farrell; Anna Lelièvre

2009-01-01

171

Serial Position Curves in Free Recall  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The scenario for free recall set out in Laming (2009) is developed to provide models for the serial position curves from 5 selected sets of data, for final free recall, and for multitrial free recall. The 5 sets of data reflect the effects of rate of presentation, length of list, delay of recall, and suppression of rehearsal. Each model…

Laming, Donald

2010-01-01

172

Snacking patterns, diet quality, and cardiovascular risk factors in adults  

PubMed Central

Background The relationship of snacking patterns on nutrient intake and cardiovascular risk factors (CVRF) in adults is unknown. The aim of this study was to examine the associations of snacking patterns with nutrient intake, diet quality, and a selection of CVRF in adults participating in the 2001-2008 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Methods 24-hour dietary recalls were used to determine intake and cluster analysis was used to identify the snacking patterns. Height and weight were obtained and the health indices that were evaluated included diastolic and systolic blood pressure, high density lipoprotein-cholesterol, low density lipoprotein cholesterol, triacylglycerides, blood glucose, and insulin. Results The sample was participants (n = 18,988) 19+ years (50% males; 11% African-Americans; 72% white, 12% Hispanic-Americans, and 5% other). Cluster analyses generated 12 distinct snacking patterns, explaining 61% of the variance in snacking. Comparisons of snacking patterns were made to the no snack pattern. It was found that miscellaneous snacks constituted the most common snacking pattern (17%) followed by cakes/cookies/pastries (12%) and sweets (9%). Most snacking patterns were associated with higher energy intakes. Snacking patterns cakes/cookies/pastries, vegetables/legumes, crackers/salty snacks, other grains and whole fruit were associated with lower intakes of saturated fatty acids. Added sugars intakes were higher in the cakes/cookies/pastries, sweets, milk desserts, and soft drinks patterns. Five snack patterns (cakes/cookies/pastries, sweets, vegetable/legumes, milk desserts, soft drinks) were associated with lower sodium intakes. Several snack patterns were associated with higher intakes of potassium, calcium, fiber, vitamin A, and magnesium. Five snacking patterns (miscellaneous snacks; vegetables/legumes; crackers/salty snacks; other grains; and whole fruit) were associated with better diet quality scores. Alcohol was associated with a lower body mass index and milk desserts were associated with a lower waist circumference. No snack patterns were associated with other CVRF studied. Conclusions Overall, several snacking patterns were associated with better diet quality than those consuming no snacks. Yet, the majority of the snacking patterns were not associated with CVRF. Education is needed to improve snacking patterns in terms of nutrients to limit in the diet along with more nutrient-dense foods to be included in snacks. PMID:24754905

2014-01-01

173

2001: A Space Odyssey Revisited: The Feasibility of 24 Hour Commuter Flights to the Moon Using NTR Propulsion with LUNOX Afterburners. Revised  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The prospects for 24 hour commuter flights to the Moon, similar to that portrayed in 2001: A Space Odyssey but on a more Spartan scale, are examined using two near term, high leverage technologies: liquid oxygen (LOX)-augmented nuclear thermal rocket (NTR) propulsion and lunar-derived oxygen (LUNOX) production. Iron-rich volcanic glass, or orange soil, discovered during the Apollo 17 mission to Taurus-Littrow, has produced a 4 percent oxygen yield in recent NASA experiments using hydrogen reduction. LUNOX development and utilization would eliminate the need to transport oxygen supplies from Earth and is expected to dramatically reduce the size, cost and complexity of space transportation systems. The LOX-augmented NTR concept (LANTR) exploits the high performance capability of the conventional liquid hydrogen (LH2)-cooled NTR and the mission leverage provided by LUNOX in a unique way. LANTR utilizes the large divergent section of its nozzle as an afterburner into which oxygen is injected and supersonically combusted with nuclear preheated hydrogen emerging from the engine's choked sonic throat, essentially scramjet propulsion in reverse. By varying the oxygen-to-hydrogen mixture ratio, the LANTR engine can operate over a wide range of thrust and specific impulse (Isp) values while the reactor core power level remains relatively constant. The thrust augmentation feature of LANTR means that big engine performance can be obtained using smaller, more affordable, easier to test NTR engines. The use of high-density LOX in place of low density LH2 also reduces hydrogen mass and tank volume resulting in smaller space vehicles. An implementation strategy and evolutionary lunar mission architecture is outlined which requires only Shuttle C or in-line Shuttle-derived launch vehicles, and utilizes conventional NTR-powered lunar transfer vehicles (LTVs), operating in an expendable mode initially, to maximize delivered surface payload on each mission. The increased payload is dedicated to installing modular LUNOX production units with the intent of supplying LUNOX to lunar landing vehicles (LLVs) and then LTVs at the earliest possible opportunity. Once LUNOX becomes available in low lunar orbit (LLO), monopropellant NTRs would be outfitted with an oxygen propellant module, feed system and afterburner nozzle for bipropellant operation. Transition to a reusable mission architecture now occurs with smaller, LANTR-powered LTVs delivering 400% more payload on each piloted round trip mission than earlier expendable all LH2 NTR systems. As initial lunar outposts grow to eventual lunar settlements and LUNOX production capacity increases, the LANTR concept can enable a rapid commuter shuttle capable of 24 hour one way trips to and from the Moon. A vast deposit of iron-rich volcanic glass beads identified at just one candidate site located at the southeastern edge of Mare Serenitatis could supply sufficient LUNOX to support daily commuter flights to the Moon for the next 9000 years!

Borowski, Stanley; Dudzinski, Leonard A.

2003-01-01

174

A Multicenter Phase I/II Study of Obatoclax Mesylate Administered as a 3- or 24-Hour Infusion in Older Patients with Previously Untreated Acute Myeloid Leukemia  

PubMed Central

Purpose An open-label phase I/II study of single-agent obatoclax determined a maximum tolerated dose (MTD) and schedule, safety, and efficacy in older patients (?70 yr) with untreated acute myeloid leukemia (AML). Experimental Design Phase I evaluated the safety of obatoclax infused for 3 hours on 3 consecutive days (3 h×3 d) in 2-week cycles. Initial obatoclax dose was 30 mg/day (3 h×3 d; n?=?3). Obatoclax was increased to 45 mg/day (3 h×3 d) if ?1 patient had a dose-limiting toxicity (DLT) and decreased to 20 mg/day (3 h×3 d) if DLT occurred in ?2 patients. In the phase II study, 12 patients were randomized to receive obatoclax at the dose identified during phase I (3 h×3 d) or 60 mg/day administered by continuous infusion over 24 hours for 3 days (24 h×3 d) to determine the morphologic complete response rate. Results In phase I, two of three patients receiving obatoclax 30 mg/day (3 h×3 d) experienced grade 3 neurologic DLTs (confusion, ataxia, and somnolence). Obatoclax was decreased to 20 mg/day (3 h×3 d). In phase II, no clinically relevant safety differences were observed between the 20 mg/day (3 h×3 d; n?=?7) and 60 mg/day (24 h×3 d; n?=?5) arms. Neurologic and psychiatric adverse events were most common and were generally transient and reversible. Complete response was not achieved in any patient. Conclusions Obatoclax 20 mg/day was the MTD (3 h×3 d) in older patients with AML. In the schedules tested, single-agent obatoclax was not associated with an objective response. Evaluation in additional subgroups or in combination with other chemotherapy modalities may be considered for future study. Trial Registration ClinicalTrials.gov NCT00684918 PMID:25285531

Schimmer, Aaron D.; Raza, Azra; Carter, Thomas H.; Claxton, David; Erba, Harry; DeAngelo, Daniel J.; Tallman, Martin S.; Goard, Carolyn; Borthakur, Gautam

2014-01-01

175

Whenever you need emergency service or answers, call the Benefit Administrator, 24 hours a day, 365 days a year. For calls outside the United States, call collect at 0-410-581-9994.  

E-print Network

Whenever you need emergency service or answers, call the Benefit Administrator, 24 hours a day, 365 HOURS A DAY, 365 DAYS A YEAR, CALL THE TOLL-FREE NUMBER ON THE BACK OF YOUR VISA® CARD, OR 1-800-VISA

Firestone, Jeremy

176

Development of a Korean Diet Score (KDS) and its application assessing adherence to Korean healthy diet based on the Korean Food Guide Wheels.  

PubMed

The most critical point in the assessment of adherence to dietary guidelines is the development of a practical definition for adherence, such as a dietary pattern score. The purpose of this study was to develop the Korean Diet Score (KDS) based on the Korean Food Balance Wheel and to examine the association of KDS with various lifestyle characteristics and biochemical factors. The dietary data of 5,320 subjects from the 4th Korean National Health and Nutritional Examination Survey were used for the final analysis. The food guide was composed of six food group categories; 'grain dishes', 'fish and meat dishes', 'vegetable dishes', 'fruits', 'milk' and 'oils and sugars'. Based on the recommended serving numbers for each group, the scores measuring adherence to this food guide were calculated from the dietary information from the 24-hour dietary recall questionnaire, and then its correlation with various characteristics was assessed. KDS was significantly associated with several clinical, lifestyle and socioeconomic factors as well as diagnosed disease history. The higher quintile group of KDS showed a significantly lower level in fasting blood glucose, systolic blood pressure, triglycerides, current smoking and drinking as well as higher leisure time activity, house income and education. Furthermore, the KDS quintile group of women was inversely associated with hypertension, osteoporosis and diabetes. A higher KDS quintile was characterized with a higher intake of several critical nutrients, such as Ca, Fe and vitamins as well as a desirable nutrition balance such as the ratio of macronutrients. Our results demonstrate that KDS is a beneficial tool in assessing the adherence to a healthy diet based on the Korean dietary guidelines. We suggest that KDS could be a useful indicator for evaluating the dietary balance of the Korean population. PMID:23424060

Lee, Myoungsook; Chae, Soo Wan; Cha, Youn-Soo; Cho, Mi Sook; Oh, Hea Young; Kim, Mi Kyung

2013-02-01

177

24-hour tape recordings of ECG and respiration in the newborn infant with findings related to sudden death and unexplained brain damage in infancy  

PubMed Central

A system for simultaneous 24-hour tape recording of ECG and respiration has been developed and used in the study of 4 groups of newborn infants. In 50 randomly selected, healthy term infants, the mean lowest heart rate (>9 beats' duration; was 88 ± 13. 14 (28%) infants had junctional escape rhythms, 5 had supraventricular, and 2 ventricular premature beats. 34 (68%) subjects had apnoeic episodes ?10 seconds' duration; the 95th centile for maximum duration of apnoea was 18 seconds, the longest episode being 28 seconds. Episodes of bradycardia <100/minute were associated with 50 of a total of 288 episodes of apnoea of 10-14 seconds, with all 4 episodes of 15-19 seconds, and with both episodes ?20 seconds. In 100 randomly selected, healthy, preterm or low birthweight infants studied within 5 days of their discharge from hospital, the mean lowest heart rate was 91 ± 18. 18 had junctional, one idioventricular, and 3 both junctional and idioventricular escape rhythms. Two had supraventricular and 6 had ventricular premature beats. 66 subjects had apnoeic episodes ?10 seconds' duration; the 95th centile for maximum duration of apnoea was 20 seconds, the longest episode being 52 seconds. Episodes of bradycardia <100/min were associated with 84 of a total of 608 episodes of apnoea 10-14 seconds' duration, with 21 of 37 episodes of 15-19 seconds, and with 15 of 15?20 seconds. One preterm infant with a maximum apnoeic episode of 52 seconds had an associated bradycardia of 27/min. Three of 5 `near-miss' cot death infants and one preterm infant with a family history of cot death studied immediately before discharge showed prolonged apnoea >40 seconds, or extreme bradycardia <50/min, or both. Finally, 11 infants with arrhythmias on a standard ECG were studied. Of these, 6 with premature beats and 3 of 5 with episodes of bradycardia did not exhibit apnoea during arrhythmias. Two of the 5 babies with bradycardia however, demonstrated associated apnoea of 10-14 seconds. There may be a relationship between latent episodes of prolonged apnoea and bradycardia and hypoxaemic brain damage or sudden infant death. ImagesFig. 1 PMID:7377822

Southall, D P; Richards, Jean; Brown, D J; Johnston, P G B; De Swiet, M; Shinebourne, E A

1980-01-01

178

Incomplete Modified Fast in Obese Early Pubertal Girls Leads to an Increase in 24Hour Growth Hormone Concentration and a Lessening of the Circadian Pattern in Leptin  

Microsoft Academic Search

We studied nutrition and GH in eight obese girls, aged 6 -11 yr. Blood was sampled every 15 min for 24 h. A 48-h diet providing 25% of assumed caloric needs was imposed, with repeat sam- pling during the last 24 h. Six nonfasting lean girls were also studied, and their mean GH was 3 times that of the obese

JOSEPHINE Z. KASA-VUBU; ARIEL BARKAN; PAMELA OLTON; TEERIN MECKMONGKOL; NICHOLE E. CARLSON; CAROL M. FOSTER

179

Diet of children under the government-funded meal support program in Korea  

PubMed Central

The purpose of this study was to investigate the diet of children under the government-funded meal support program. The 143 children (67 boys and 76 girls) participated in this study among 4th-6th elementary school students receiving free lunches during the summer vacation of 2007 and living in Gwanak-gu, Seoul, Korea. The subjects consisted of four groups supported by Meal Box Delivery (n = 26), Institutional Foodservice (n = 53), Restaurant Foodservice (n = 27), or Food Delivery (n = 37). A three-day 24-hour dietary recall and a self-administered survey were conducted. In addition, the children's heights and weights were measured. The average energy intake of the children was 1,400 kcal per day, much lower than the Estimated Energy Requirements of the pertinent age groups. The results also showed inadequate intake of all examined nutrients; of particular concern was the extremely low intake of calcium. On average, the children consumed eight dishes and 25 food items per day. The children supported by Meal Box Delivery consumed more various dishes and food items than the other groups. The percentage of children preferring their current meal support method was the highest in those supported by Meal Box Delivery and the lowest in those supported by Food Delivery. We requested 15 children among the 143 children participating in the survey to draw the scene of their lunch time. The drawings of the children supported by Institutional Foodservice showed more positive scenes than the other groups, especially in terms of human aspects. In conclusion, the overall diet of children under the government-funded meal support program was nutritionally inadequate, although the magnitude of the problems tended to differ by the meal support method. The results could be utilized as basic data for policy and programs regarding the government-funded meal support program for children from low-income families. PMID:21286410

Kwon, Sooyoun; Lee, Kiwon

2010-01-01

180

Assessing Persistent Cancer Pain: A Comparison of Current Pain Ratings and Pain Recalled from the Past Week  

PubMed Central

Recent guidelines developed by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration for the use of patient-reported outcomes discuss the rating of pain and other symptoms at their current level of severity versus rating these symptoms using a recall period, such as the past 24 hours or past week. To explore whether the overall experience of cancer patients is better represented by ratings of current pain or by pain recalled from the past week, we conducted a secondary analysis of Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group data from 1,147 cancer patients who had reported having persistent pain during the past week. Patients used the Brief Pain Inventory (BPI) to rate their current pain along with their pain at its worst, least, and average during the past week. T-tests were used to compare ratings of current pain and pain recalled from the past week. Linear regressions described the extent to which the various pain ratings contributed to overall pain interference, also derived from the BPI. Overall, patients rated their current pain as less severe than their worst or average pain recalled from the past week. Worst pain recalled from the past week contributed most to ratings of pain interference. These findings indicate that ratings of recalled worst pain, rather than ratings of current pain, might better reflect the overall experience of pain and its impact on function in cancer patients with persistent pain. Our results provide information that might guide the choice of recall period for cancer clinical trials with pain as a self-reported outcome. PMID:18676116

Shi, Qiuling; Wang, Xin Shelley; Mendoza, Tito R.; Pandya, Kishan J.; Cleeland, Charles S.

2009-01-01

181

The Use of Hypnosis to Enhance Recall  

Microsoft Academic Search

The forensic use of hypnosis is increasing. A hypermnesic procedure was used in an experiment that calls this practice into question. Subjects tried for a week to recall 60 previously presented pictures. They were then either hypnotized or not and encouraged to recall even more pictures. Most of the newly recalled material was incorrect, especially for highly hypnotizable subjects in

Jane Dywan; Kenneth Bowers

1983-01-01

182

Sequential Recall in Individuals with Down Syndrome.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The ability to recall correctly ordered information was examined using two auditory tasks (narrative recall and digit span) and a nonverbal, visual task, with 47 individuals with Down's syndrome (ages 5 to 20) and 47 mentally aged-matched children. Although Down's syndrome subjects recalled less information than controls, no differences in the…

Bird, Elizabeth Kay-Raining; Chapman, Robin S.

1994-01-01

183

Diet Screener in the 2005 CHIS: Definition of Acceptable Dietary Data Values  

Cancer.gov

Data collected on the 2005 California Health Interview Survey (CHIS) Screener are coded by frequency and time unit -- times per day, week, or month. We used USDA's 1994-96 Continuing Survey of Food Intakes of Individuals (CSFII) data on reported intakes over two days of 24-hour recall to make judgments about reasonable frequencies of consumption that were reported on a per day basis. This helped us assess values from the CHIS Screener, some of which are highly unlikely.

184

Radiation recall reaction causing cardiotoxicity  

PubMed Central

Radiation recall phenomenon is a tissue reaction that develops within a previously irradiated area, precipitated by the subsequent administration of certain chemotherapeutic agents. It commonly affects the skin, but can also involve internal organs with functional consequences. To our best knowledge, this phenomenon has never been reported as a complication on the heart and should be consider as a potential cause of cardiotoxicity. PMID:24755097

2014-01-01

185

Total recall for Ajax applications CS298 Report Total Recall for AJAX applications Firefox extension  

E-print Network

Total recall for Ajax applications CS298 Report Total Recall for AJAX applications ­ Firefox Smita Periyapatna 1 05/15/2009 #12;Total recall for Ajax applications CS298 Report © 2009 Smita Periyapatna Smita Periyapatna 2 05/15/2009 #12;Total recall for Ajax applications CS298 Report APPROVED

Pollett, Chris

186

Recalls  

MedlinePLUS

... Statistics Technical Reports Injury Statistics NEISS Injury Data Consumer Opinion Surveys Other Technical Reports Business & Manufacturing Business Education Small Business Resources Testing & Certification ...

187

Recall Latencies, Confidence, and Output Positions of True and False Memories: Implications for Recall and Metamemory Theories  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Recall latency, recall accuracy rate, and recall confidence were examined in free recall as a function of recall output serial position using a modified Deese-Roediger-McDermott paradigm to test a strength-based theory against the dual-retrieval process theory of recall output sequence. The strength theory predicts the item output sequence to be…

Jou, Jerwen

2008-01-01

188

Diet and Carbohydrate Food Knowledge of Multi-Ethnic Women: A Comparative Analysis of Pregnant Women with and without Gestational Diabetes Mellitus  

PubMed Central

Background Diet therapy is the cornerstone for the management of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). Carbohydrate is the primary nutrient affecting postprandial blood glucose levels. Hence, knowledge of food containing carbohydrates can assist women with GDM optimize glycemic control. Despite that, there is a paucity of research on carbohydrate-related knowledge of women with GDM. The United Arab Emirates (UAE) has one of the highest prevalence of diabetes (19.2%) in the world. This study compared diet and knowledge of carbohydrate-containing foods among pregnant women with and without GDM in the UAE. Methods The sample consisted of multi-ethnic women with GDM (n?=?94) and a control group of healthy pregnant women (n?=?90) attending prenatal clinics in three hospitals in Al Ain, UAE. Data were collected using a questionnaire and a 24-hour recall. Knowledge of food sources of carbohydrate, dietary patterns, and nutrient intakes of the two groups were compared. Results There were no significant differences in the mean knowledge score of food sources of carbohydrate between women with GDM and that of pregnant women without GDM. Similarly, there were no significant differences in energy and nutrient intakes between the two groups with the exception of percent energy from protein. Women with GDM reported significantly lower intake of fruits and fruit juices (P?=?0.012) and higher consumption of milk and yogurt (P?=?0.004) compared to that of women without GDM. Twenty-two percent of women with GDM indicated they never visited a dietitian for counseling while 65% reported they visited a dietitian only once or twice during the pregnancy. Predictors of carbohydrate knowledge score were perceived knowledge of diet and GDM and parity among women with GDM and parity and educational level among those without GDM. Conclusion The results of the study highlight the urgent need to provide nutrition education for women with GDM in the UAE. PMID:24069200

Ali, Habiba I.; Jarrar, Amjad H.; El Sadig, Mohamed; B. Yeatts, Karin

2013-01-01

189

Total recall: are privacy changes inevitable?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Total Recall is a system that records an individual perspective of the world using personal sensors such as a microphone in a pair of glasses or a camera in a necklace. There are many applications of Total Recall -- patients accurately recording what they've recently eaten, students replaying any part of a class, and so on--that can significantly improve people's

William C. Cheng; Leana Golubchik; David G. Kay

2004-01-01

190

Dream recall, attitude toward dreams, and personality  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present study investigated the relationship between dream recall frequency (DRF), attitudes toward dreams and personality. The findings partly confirmed the so-called life-style hypothesis of dream recall. But the results indicated a strong influence of gender on the relationship between DRF and personality. Correlations between positive attitude toward dreams and personality dimensions of the 16 PF (personality inventory) were stronger

Michael Schredl; Carola Nürnberg; Stefanie Weiler

1996-01-01

191

Positive emotions enhance recall of peripheral details  

Microsoft Academic Search

Emotional arousal and negative affect enhance recall of central aspects of an event. However, the role of discrete emotions in selective memory processing is understudied. Undergraduates were asked to recall and rate autobiographical memories of eight emotional events. Details of each memory were rated as central or peripheral to the event. Significance of the event, vividness, reliving and other aspects

Jennifer M. Talarico; Dorthe Berntsen; David C. Rubin

2009-01-01

192

Children's Recall Strategies in Dichotic Listening  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The results of this study of 24 9- and 10-year-old normal children indicated that by 9 years of age, children spontaneously adopt both ear and temporal recall strategies under the same conditions as do adults. The children readily switch from one recall strategy to the other as a function of the rate input of the material. (WY)

Witelson, Sandra F.; Rabinovitch, M. Sam

1971-01-01

193

Drug recall: An incubus for pharmaceutical companies and most serious drug recall of history  

PubMed Central

There has been an increasing trend in the number of prescribed and over-the-counter drug recall over the last few years. The recall is usually due to company's discovery, customer's complaint or Food and Drug Administration (FDA) observation. The process of recall involves a planned specific course of action, which addresses the depth of recall, need for public warning, and the extent of effectiveness checks for the recall. The FDA review and/or recommend changes to the firm's recall strategy, as appropriate. The critical recall information list includes the identity of the product; summary of the failure; amount of product produced in the distribution chain and direct account. Product recalls clashes thousands of companies every year affecting: sales, testing customer relationships and disrupting supply chains. Drug recall is incubus for pharmaceutical companies. It effects the reputation of the company. The reason for the recall can be divided into two categories: manufacturing affined and safety/efficacy affined. It is essential to follow all the guidelines related to drug development and manufacturing procedure so as to minimize drug recall. PMID:25599028

Nagaich, Upendra; Sadhna, Divya

2015-01-01

194

MERIT Award Recipient: Raymond J. Carroll, Ph.D.  

Cancer.gov

In our work in nutritional epidemiology, we propose to develop statistical methods applicable to cohort studies of diet and cancer. Dietary studies typically use such instruments as food frequency questionnaires (FFQ), 24-hour recalls and diaries.

195

Women with endometriosis improved their peripheral antioxidant markers after the application of a high antioxidant diet  

PubMed Central

Background Oxidative stress has been identified in the peritoneal fluid and peripheral blood of women with endometriosis. However, there is little information on the antioxidant intake for this group of women. The objectives of this work were 1) to compare the antioxidant intake among women with and without endometriosis and 2) to design and apply a high antioxidant diet to evaluate its capacity to reduce oxidative stress markers and improve antioxidant markers in the peripheral blood of women with endometriosis. Methods Women with (WEN, n = 83) and without endometriosis (WWE, n = 80) were interviewed using a Food Frequency Questionnaire to compare their antioxidant intake (of vitamins and minerals). Then, the WEN participated in the application of a control (n = 35) and high antioxidant diet (n = 37) for four months. The high antioxidant diet (HAD) guaranteed the intake of 150% of the suggested daily intake of vitamin A (1050 ?g retinol equivalents), 660% of the recommended daily intake (RDI) of vitamin C (500 mg) and 133% of the RDI of vitamin E (20 mg). Oxidative stress and antioxidant markers (vitamins and antioxidant enzymatic activity) were determined in plasma every month. Results Comparison of antioxidant intake between WWE and WEN showed a lower intake of vitamins A, C, E, zinc, and copper by WEN (p < 0.05, Mann Whitney Rank test). The selenium intake was not statistically different between groups. During the study, the comparison of the 24-hour recalls between groups showed a higher intake of the three vitamins in the HAD group. An increase in the vitamin concentrations (serum retinol, alpha-tocopherol, leukocyte and plasma ascorbate) and antioxidant enzyme activity (superoxide dismutase and glutathione peroxidase) as well as a decrease in oxidative stress markers (malondialdehyde and lipid hydroperoxides) were observed in the HAD group after two months of intervention. These phenomena were not observed in the control group. Conclusion WEN had a lower intake of antioxidants in comparison to WWE. Peripheral oxidative stress markers diminished, and antioxidant markers were enhanced, in WEN after the application of the HAD. PMID:19476631

Mier-Cabrera, Jennifer; Aburto-Soto, Tania; Burrola-Méndez, Soraya; Jiménez-Zamudio, Luis; Tolentino, Mari C; Casanueva, Esther; Hernández-Guerrero, César

2009-01-01

196

Adiabatic Quantum Optimization for Associative Memory Recall  

E-print Network

Hopfield networks are a variant of associative memory that recall information stored in the couplings of an Ising model. Stored memories are fixed points for the network dynamics that correspond to energetic minima of the spin state. We formulate the recall of memories stored in a Hopfield network using energy minimization by adiabatic quantum optimization (AQO). Numerical simulations of the quantum dynamics allow us to quantify the AQO recall accuracy with respect to the number of stored memories and the noise in the input key. We also investigate AQO performance with respect to how memories are stored in the Ising model using different learning rules. Our results indicate that AQO performance varies strongly with learning rule due to the changes in the energy landscape. Consequently, learning rules offer indirect methods for investigating change to the computational complexity of the recall task and the computational efficiency of AQO.

Hadayat Seddiqi; Travis S. Humble

2014-12-12

197

A Cross-Sectional Study on the Diet and Nutritional Status of Adolescent Girls in Zambézia Province, Mozambique (the ZANE Study): Design, Methods, and Population Characteristics  

PubMed Central

Background There is very little published work on dietary intake and nutritional status of Mozambicans. We conducted a population-based cross-sectional study on the diet and nutritional status of adolescent girls in different types of communities in Zambézia Province, Central Mozambique, in two distinct seasons. Objective The purpose of this paper is to present the design, methods, and study population characteristics of the Estudo do Estado Nutricional e da Dieta em Raparigas Adolescentes na Zambézia (the ZANE Study). Methods Data was collected in January-February 2010 ("hunger season") and in May-June 2010 ("harvest season"). A total of 551 girls in the age group 14-19 years old were recruited from one urban area and two districts (district towns and rural villages). The study protocol included a background interview, a 24-hour dietary recall interview, a food frequency questionnaire, anthropometric measurements, bioimpedance, hemoglobin measurement, and venous blood, urine, buccal cell, and fecal sampling. Results Adolescent motherhood was common in all study regions. Stunting prevalence for the total study population as a weighted percentage was 17.8% (95/549; 95% CI 14.3-22.0) with no regional differences. Overweight was found mainly in the urban area where the prevalence was 12.6% (20/159; 95% CI 7.5-17.6), thinness was rare. There were regional differences in the prevalence of malaria parasitemia and intestinal helminth infestation, but not human immunodeficiency virus. Conclusions The fully analyzed data from the ZANE Study will yield results useful for setting priorities in nutrition policy and further research on the diet and nutritional status in Mozambique and other countries with similar nutritional problems. Trial Registration ClinicalTrials.gov: NCT01944891; http://www.clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT01944891 (Archived by WebCite at http://www.webcitation.org/6L9OUrsq8). PMID:24598035

Freese, Riitta; Fidalgo, Lourdes; Selvester, Kerry; Ismael, Carina; Mutanen, Marja

2014-01-01

198

Improved diet quality, nutrient intake, and health associated with out-of-hand tree nut consumption in U.S. adults: NHANES 1999–2004  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

HANES (1999–2004), data were used to examine the association of out-of-hand tree nut consumption (almonds, Brazil nuts, cashews, filberts, macadamias, pecans, pine nuts, pistachios, and walnuts) with diet quality, nutrient intakes, and health risks in adults 19+ yrs (n equals 13,292). Using 24 hour ...

199

U.S.-MEXICO BORDER PROGRAM ARIZONA BORDER STUDY--STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURE FOR REIMBURSEMENT FOR FIELD COLLECTION OF DIET SAMPLES (UA-F-23.1)  

EPA Science Inventory

The purpose of this SOP is to provide a uniform procedure for the financial reimbursement of primary respondents for the collection of diet samples. Respondents were reimbursed for replicate food and beverage samples by type and amount collected over a 24-hour sampling period. ...

200

Nutrient intake and food use in an Ojibwa-Cree community in Northern Ontario assessed by 24h dietary recall  

Microsoft Academic Search

As part of a diabetes prevention program in a remote Ojibwa-Cree community in Northern Ontario, 72% of residents >9y of age (7291019) underwent an oral glucose tolerance test; >98% (718729) of participants provided a complete 24h dietary recall. Their diet was typical of that for aboriginal North American populations undergoing rapid cultural change, being high in saturated fat (?13% energy),

Safa Hamad; Joel Gittelsohn; Anthony JG Hanley; Alexander Logan; Stewart B Harris; Bernard Zinman

1997-01-01

201

Reliability and Validity of the Multimedia Activity Recall in Children and Adults (MARCA) in People with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease  

PubMed Central

Objective To determine the reliability and validity of the Multimedia Activity Recall for Children and Adults (MARCA) in people with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Design People with COPD and their carers completed the Multimedia Activity Recall for Children and Adults (MARCA) for four, 24-hour periods (including test-retest of 2 days) while wearing a triaxial accelerometer (Actigraph GT3X+®), a multi-sensor armband (Sensewear Pro3®) and a pedometer (New Lifestyles 1000®). Setting Self reported activity recalls (MARCA) and objective activity monitoring (Accelerometry) were recorded under free-living conditions. Participants 24 couples were included in the analysis (COPD; age 74.4±7.9 yrs, FEV1 54±13% Carer; age 69.6±10.9 yrs, FEV1 99±24%). Interventions Not applicable. Main Outcome Measure(s) Test-retest reliability was compared for MARCA activity domains and different energy expenditure zones. Validity was assessed between MARCA-derived physical activity level (in metabolic equivalent of task (MET) per minute), duration of moderate to vigorous physical activity (min) and related data from the objective measurement devices. Analysis included intra-class correlation coefficients (ICC), Bland-Altman analyses, paired t-tests (p) and Spearman's rank correlation coefficients (rs). Results Reliability between occasions of recall for all activity domains was uniformly high, with test-retest correlations consistently >0.9. Validity correlations were moderate to strong (rs?=?0.43–0.80) across all comparisons. The MARCA yields comparable PAL estimates and slightly higher moderate to vigorous physical activity (MVPA) estimates. Conclusion In older adults with chronic illness, the MARCA is a valid and reliable tool for capturing not only the time and energy expenditure associated with physical and sedentary activities but also information on the types of activities. PMID:24312284

Hunt, Toby; Williams, Marie T.; Olds, Tim S.

2013-01-01

202

Validation of a food frequency questionnaire for retrospective estimation of diet during the first 2 years of life  

PubMed Central

Objective This study aims to validate a Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ), specifically designed to retrospectively estimate dietary intake and supplement consumption during the first two years of life in children from resource poor households in semi-rural Mexico. Methods The FFQ querying about diet during the first 2 years of life was administered to mothers of children (N=84), who participated in a prospective study 3 to 5 years earlier, in which complementary feeding practice questionnaires and 24-hour recall (24hrR) were collected at several time points during the first 2 years of life to evaluate dietary and vitamin supplement intake. The resulting FFQ data were compared to intake data collected during the original study using Spearman correlations, deattenuated correlations and Wilcoxon signed-rank tests. Results Total energy intake, as estimated by the retrospective and original instruments, did not differ in the second year (Yr2); correlations between the measures were significant (r=0.40, p<0.001). The 24hrR and FFQ-Yr2 were significantly correlated for dietary intake of vitamins B6, B12 (p<0.001) and folate (p<0.01); however, after including vitamin supplement intake, the two dietary instruments were correlated only for vitamins A and B12 (p<0.05). Conclusions The FFQ provides a reasonable estimate of a child’s dietary intake of energy and key micronutrients during the second year of life, and permits accurate ranking of intake 3 to 5 years after birth. PMID:23532627

Mejía-Rodríguez, Fabiola; Neufeld, Lynnette M.; García-Guerra, Armando; Quezada-Sanchez, Amado D.; Orjuela, Manuela A.

2013-01-01

203

21 CFR 107.230 - Elements of an infant formula recall.  

...written recall strategy suited to...The recall strategy shall take...health hazard evaluation and specify...a recall communication shall be...health hazard evaluation, the recall strategy, and all recall communications...

2014-04-01

204

21 CFR 107.230 - Elements of an infant formula recall.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...written recall strategy suited to...The recall strategy shall take...health hazard evaluation and specify...a recall communication shall be...health hazard evaluation, the recall strategy, and all recall communications...

2012-04-01

205

21 CFR 107.230 - Elements of an infant formula recall.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...written recall strategy suited to...The recall strategy shall take...health hazard evaluation and specify...a recall communication shall be...health hazard evaluation, the recall strategy, and all recall communications...

2013-04-01

206

Zinc in diet  

MedlinePLUS

... reduce your risk of becoming sick with the common cold. Starting to take zinc supplements within 24 hours ... 2000. Singh M, Das RR. Zinc for the common cold. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2011 Feb 16;2: ...

207

Gemcitabine-induced radiation recall myositis.  

PubMed

Radiation recall is an uncommon phenomenon in which administration of a chemotherapeutic agent induces an acute inflammatory reaction in previously irradiated tissues, often weeks to years after completion of radiotherapy. This entity is well known to medical and radiation oncologists, however only three cases have been reported in radiology journals. We present a case of gemcitabine-induced radiation recall that manifested as myositis with associated dermatitis in the posterior thigh of a patient with remote history of localized radiotherapy for biopsy-proven breast cancer metastasis. We also present a brief literature review to update the topic of radiation recall in imaging, and emphasize the importance of knowledge of this phenomenon when considering the differential diagnosis of myositis/dermatitis in a patient who has received cancer treatment. PMID:25193536

Delavan, Joshua Adam; Chino, Junzo P; Vinson, Emily N

2015-03-01

208

Genetic Counselling: Information Given, Recall and Satisfaction.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A questionnaire was sent to counselors (N=32) to categorize the key points given in genetic counseling; to assess the amount and type of information recalled; and to examine the relationships between counselees' knowledge, satisfaction with information received, the meeting of expectations, concern, and anxiety. Results emphasize the importance of…

Michie, Susan; McDonald, Valerie; Marteau, Theresa M.

1997-01-01

209

Effects of Discourse Type on Recall.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Differences in discourse type were expected to result in differences in processing text. The more organized discourse types of comparison, problem/solution, and causation were predicted to yield superior recall of information than a collection of descriptions about a topic. Results from two studies supported this prediction. (Author/BW)

Meyer, Bonnie J. F.; Freedle, Roy O.

1984-01-01

210

21 CFR 7.42 - Recall strategy.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...developed by the agency for a Food and Drug Administration-requested...essential products. (2) The Food and Drug Administration...the level in the distribution chain to which the recall is to extend...product appear inadequate. The Food and Drug Administration...

2010-04-01

211

21 CFR 7.42 - Recall strategy.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...developed by the agency for a Food and Drug Administration-requested...essential products. (2) The Food and Drug Administration...the level in the distribution chain to which the recall is to extend...product appear inadequate. The Food and Drug Administration...

2011-04-01

212

21 CFR 7.42 - Recall strategy.  

...developed by the agency for a Food and Drug Administration-requested...essential products. (2) The Food and Drug Administration...the level in the distribution chain to which the recall is to extend...product appear inadequate. The Food and Drug Administration...

2014-04-01

213

21 CFR 7.42 - Recall strategy.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...developed by the agency for a Food and Drug Administration-requested...essential products. (2) The Food and Drug Administration...the level in the distribution chain to which the recall is to extend...product appear inadequate. The Food and Drug Administration...

2012-04-01

214

21 CFR 7.42 - Recall strategy.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...developed by the agency for a Food and Drug Administration-requested...essential products. (2) The Food and Drug Administration...the level in the distribution chain to which the recall is to extend...product appear inadequate. The Food and Drug Administration...

2013-04-01

215

Recall and recognition memory deficits in depression.  

PubMed

The aim of the present study was to establish the nature of memory deficits of depressive subjects in word learning tests. A word learning test consisting of 1, 3 or 5 learning trials was used. We found that patients were characterized by inferior memory recall compared to controls when 5 learning trials were given. Patients performed significantly slower than controls on a recognition test but both patients and controls recognized the same number of words. This suggests that the memory deficits that are present in many depressive subjects may be restricted to impaired active retrieval from memory. A second experiment revealed that recognition memory and delayed recall as well as immediate recall were impaired in depressive patients after 1 learning trial. These short-comings vanished after 3 trials, except for immediate recall. These data suggest that not only retrieval but also encoding of information into memory may be impaired in depression, especially in the beginning of a task when demands on cognitive effort are high. The results are discussed in terms of resource allocation and demands on effort that may change in the course of a task. PMID:1624647

Brand, A N; Jolles, J; Gispen-de Wied, C

1992-05-01

216

Recall and recognition memory deficits in depression  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary The aim of the present study was to establish the nature of memory deficits of depressive subjects in word learning tests. A word learning test consisting of 1, 3 or 5 learning trials was used. We found that patients were characterized by inferior memory recall compared to controls when 5 learning trials were given. Patients performed significantly slower than

A. N. Brand; J. Jolles; G. Gispen-de Wied

1992-01-01

217

Task Context and Organization in Free Recall  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Prior work on organization in free recall has focused on the ways in which semantic and temporal information determine the order in which material is retrieved from memory. Tulving's theory of ecphory suggests that these organizational effects arise from the interaction of a retrieval cue with the contents of memory. Using the…

Polyn, Sean M.; Norman, Kenneth A.; Kahana, Michael J.

2009-01-01

218

Jordan Canonical Form Recall the following definition  

E-print Network

Jordan Canonical Form Recall the following definition: Definition 1. We say that two square is an example of a matrix in Jordan Canonical Form. Here we note that , , and but #12;. Hence, three of the four the notion of a Jordan matrix via two sets of examples. Example 1. The following are Jordan matrices: #12

Lee, Carl

219

Developing a complex intervention for diet and activity behaviour change in obese pregnant women (the UPBEAT trial); assessment of behavioural change and process evaluation in a pilot randomised controlled trial  

PubMed Central

Background Complex interventions in obese pregnant women should be theoretically based, feasible and shown to demonstrate anticipated behavioural change prior to inception of large randomised controlled trials (RCTs). The aim was to determine if a) a complex intervention in obese pregnant women leads to anticipated changes in diet and physical activity behaviours, and b) to refine the intervention protocol through process evaluation of intervention fidelity. Methods We undertook a pilot RCT of a complex intervention in obese pregnant women, comparing routine antenatal care with an intervention to reduce dietary glycaemic load and saturated fat intake, and increase physical activity. Subjects included 183 obese pregnant women (mean BMI 36.3 kg/m2). Diet was assessed by repeated triple pass 24-hour dietary recall and physical activity by accelerometry and questionnaire, at 16+0 to 18+6 and at 27+0 to 28+6 weeks’ gestation in women in control and intervention arms. Attitudes to behaviour change and quality of life were assessed and a process evaluation undertaken. The full RCT protocol was undertaken to assess feasibility. Results Compared to women in the control arm, women in the intervention arm had a significant reduction in dietary glycaemic load (33 points, 95% CI ?47 to ?20), (p < 0.001) and saturated fat intake (?1.6% energy, 95% CI ?2.8 to ?0. 3) at 28 weeks’ gestation. Objectively measured physical activity did not change. Physical discomfort and sustained barriers to physical activity were common at 28 weeks’ gestation. Process evaluation identified barriers to recruitment, group attendance and compliance, leading to modification of intervention delivery. Conclusions This pilot trial of a complex intervention in obese pregnant women suggests greater potential for change in dietary intake than for change in physical activity, and through process evaluation illustrates the considerable advantage of performing an exploratory trial of a complex intervention in obese pregnant women before undertaking a large RCT. Trial registration Trial Registration Number: ISRCTN89971375 PMID:23855708

2013-01-01

220

Associative relatedness enhances recall and produces false memories in immediate serial recall.  

PubMed

The influence of permanent lexical network in immediate serial recall is well established. The corresponding influence of permanent semantic networks is less clear, although such networks are known to both facilitate memory in long-term memory tasks and to produce false memories in those same tasks. The current experiment involves the study of Deese-Roediger-McDermott (DRM) lists for immediate serial recall. The trials in the experiment involved presenting the six strongest items from the DRM lists either in intact associatively related lists or where those items had been randomly mixed to produce unrelated lists. The results of the experiment indicated that the associatively related lists were better recalled in order than unrelated lists and the nonpresented critical lure was falsely recalled relatively frequently. The results of the experiment confirm the importance of associative semantic networks in short-term memory. PMID:21186910

Tehan, Gerald

2010-12-01

221

Sequential Equilibrium and Perfect Equilibrium in Games of Imperfect Recall  

E-print Network

Sequential Equilibrium and Perfect Equilibrium in Games of Imperfect Recall Joseph Y. Halpern, 2008 Abstract Definitions of sequential equilibrium and perfect equilibrium are given in games of imperfect recall. 1 Introduction Sequential equilibrium [Kreps and Wilson 1982] and perfect equilibrium

Keinan, Alon

222

A Randomized Comparison Study Assessing the Impact of Cilostazol on the Heart Rate and Arrhythmias by 24-Hour Ambulatory Holter Electrocardiographic Monitoring after Drug-Eluting Stent Implantation for Coronary Artery Disease.  

PubMed

Aims: Cilostazol may have a positive chronotropic or pro-arrhythmic effect. However, there have been no randomized trials to confirm these effects. Methods: This randomized prospective trial compared dual (DAT, aspirin and clopidogrel, n=114) versus triple antiplatelet therapy (TAT, DAT plus cilostazol, n=113) at baseline and after six months in patients receiving intracoronary drug-eluting stents (DES). The primary endpoint was the 24-hour heart rate (24h-HR) at six months determined using 24h-Holter ECG monitoring. The secondary endpoints were the 24h-HR ?70 bpm, 24h-HR increase ?5 bpm and the counts or presence of arrhythmias. Results: At six months after DES implantation, the 24h-HR (73 [68-83] vs. 68 [62-75] bpm, p?0.001), presence of a 24h-HR ?70 bpm (71.4 vs. 47.1%, p?0.001) and presence of a 24h-HR increase ?5 bpm (44.8 vs. 24.5%, p=0.002) were significantly higher for the TAT group than for the DAT group. A multivariate analysis showed that the use of cilostazol (OR: 3.10, p=0.035) and a baseline 24h-HR ?70 bpm (OR: 4.60, p?0.001) were strong predictors of a 24h-HR increase ?5 bpm. However, there were no significant intergroup differences in arrhythmias. Conclusions: Cilostazol appears to result in an increase in the 24h-HR after DES implantation. Therefore, some caution should be exercised regarding the use of cilostazol in patients with tachycardia, when planning DES implantation. PMID:25195813

Kwon, Beom-June; Lee, Su-Hyun; Kim, Dong-Bin; Park, Hun-Jun; Jang, Sung-Won; Ihm, Sang-Hyun; Kim, Hee-Yeol; Seung, Ki-Bae

2014-09-01

223

The number of 24 h dietary recalls using the U.S. Department of Agriculture's automated multiple-pass method required to estimate nutrient intake in overweight and obese adults  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

The USDA’s Automated Multiple Pass Method (AMPM) is a five-step, multiple-pass, interviewer-administered, computerized, 24-h dietary recall. The objective of the study was to quantify sources of variation such as day of the week, season, sequence of the diet interviews (training effect), diet interv...

224

The combined effects of diet quality and physical activity on maintenance of muscle strength among diabetic older adults from the NuAge cohort.  

PubMed

Diabetic older adults are at a higher risk of muscle strength (MS) decline than their non-diabetic counterparts. Adequate protein and energy intakes and physical activity (PA) may preserve MS during aging. However, the role of diet quality (DQ) in MS maintenance is still unknown. This study aimed to determine the association between DQ - alone or combined with PA - and changes in MS over 3 years in diabetic participants aged 67 to 84 years at recruitment in a secondary analysis of the longitudinal observational NuAge study. Changes in handgrip, knee extensor and elbow flexor strengths were calculated as the difference between recruitment (T1) and after 3 years (T4) in 156 diabetic older adults. Baseline DQ was calculated from 3 non-consecutive 24-hour dietary recalls collected at T1 using the validated Canadian Healthy Eating Index (C-HEI). Change in PA was calculated from Physical Activity Scale for the Elderly (PASE) as PASE T4-PASE T1. Four combinations of variables were created: C-HEI<70 with PASE change either < or > median and C-HEI ? 70 with PASE change either < or > median. The association between these four categories and MS maintenance was evaluated using General Linear Modeling (GLM). Analyses were stratified by sex and controlled for covariates. Baseline DQ alone was not associated with MS maintenance. Baseline DQ combined with PASE change showed associations with crude and baseline adjusted handgrip strength (p=0.031, p=0.018) and crude and baseline adjusted elbow flexor change (p=0.028, p=0.017) in males only; no significant results were found for knee extensor strength in either males or females. While findings for females were inconclusive, results demonstrate that better adherence to dietary guidelines combined with a more active lifestyle may prevent MS decline among diabetic older males. Additional research is needed on a larger sample since generalization of these results is limited by the small sample size. PMID:24269377

Rahi, Berna; Morais, José A; Dionne, Isabelle J; Gaudreau, Pierrette; Payette, Hélène; Shatenstein, Bryna

2014-01-01

225

The Effects of Presentation Order in Multitrial Free Recall.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The experiment tested the effects of presentation word orders in a multitrial free-recall task. Three types of presentation were used: (1) randomized; (2) constant order; and (3) maintained order (maintenance of subjects order of recall on the subsequent presentation). In addition, the effects of number of recalls per presentation (1 or 3) were…

Maitland, Anthony J.

226

Healthy Diet  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This project will explain the importance of a balanced diet as well as learn nutrition facts to help them apply a healthy diet in their everyday lives Eating good foods is very important to living a healthy life. Click on 'food groups' pyramid below and learn about what types of food should be in your daily diet. Food groups 1. What makes a certain food healthy? 2. Do you eat the foods from the pyramid on a regular ...

Mrs. Parker

2009-09-28

227

Retrieval opportunities while multitasking improve name recall  

Microsoft Academic Search

In two experiments we tested whether providing retrieval opportunities while people were multitasking would improve memory for names. College students (n=195) in Experiment 1 did addition problems and intermittently were “introduced” to 12 face–name pairs to learn. For half the names students were given three within-list retrieval opportunities. Name recall (cued with the faces) was tested either immediately or after

Elizabeth Helder; John J. Shaughnessy

2008-01-01

228

Effect of information organization on recall of medication instructions.  

PubMed

This study compared immediate recall of prescription information when the message content was presented in a highly organized format versus a less-organized approach. Two groups of pharmacy students viewed separate videotapes, which described information for a patient about three fictitious medications. Students were then asked to recall the medications' name, colour, purpose, dosage, duration, side-effects and quantity prescribed. Students who viewed the organized version correctly recalled more information in every category except drug colour. Both groups made more errors in recalling dosage than any other category. Thus, organizing information facilitates recall of medication information. PMID:2318912

Gardner, M; Hurd, P D; Slack, M

1990-02-01

229

The role of phantom recollection in false recall.  

PubMed

Although high levels of phantom recollection (illusory vivid experience of the prior "presentation" of unpresented items) have been found for false recognition, little is known about phantom recollection in recall. We examined this issue with Deese/Roediger-McDermott lists using two paradigms: repeated recall and conjoint recall. High levels of phantom recollection were observed with both standard behavioral measures and the parameters of fuzzy-trace theory's dual-recall model. In addition, phantom recollection and the true recollection that accompanies presented items appear to involve different retrieval processes, because they were dissociated by manipulations such as number of recall tests and list strength. PMID:22371165

Marche, Tammy A; Brainerd, C J

2012-08-01

230

Conceptual and perceptual encoding instructions differently affect event recall.  

PubMed

When recalling an event, people usually retrieve the main facts and a reduced proportion of specific details. The objective of this experiment was to study the effects of conceptually and perceptually driven encoding in the recall of conceptual and perceptual information of an event. The materials selected for the experiment were two movie trailers. To enhance the encoding instructions, after watching the first trailer participants answered conceptual or perceptual questions about the event, while a control group answered general knowledge questions. After watching the second trailer, all of the participants completed a closed-ended recall task consisting of conceptual and perceptual items. Conceptual information was better recalled than perceptual details and participants made more perceptual than conceptual commission errors. Conceptually driven processing enhanced the recall of conceptual information, while perceptually driven processing not only did not improve the recall of descriptive details, but also damaged the standard conceptual/perceptual recall relationship. PMID:24718934

García-Bajos, Elvira; Migueles, Malen; Aizpurua, Alaitz

2014-11-01

231

Effects of a High-Protein Diet on Regulation of Phosphorus Homeostasis  

PubMed Central

Context: High-protein diets, which are popular for weight loss, contain large quantities of phosphorus. Phosphorus excess and consequent changes in phosphorus regulatory hormones are implicated in vascular calcification and cardiovascular disease. Objective: We tested the hypothesis that a moderate increase in dietary phosphorus during a high-protein diet leads to changes in phosphorus-responsive hormones. Design, Participants, and Setting: We conducted a post hoc analysis of a sequential dietary modification trial in 19 healthy volunteers in the general community. Intervention: Participants received 2 weeks of a weight-maintaining, low-protein (15%) diet, followed by 2 weeks of an isocaloric, high-protein (30%) diet, followed by 12 weeks of an ad libitum high-protein (30%) diet. Main Outcome Measures: Using previously collected samples, plasma concentrations of fibroblast growth factor-23 (FGF-23), PTH, 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D, and 24,25-dihydroxyvitamin D were measured at 8 time points to assess 24-hour variability and in 24-hour pooled samples to delineate changes at the end of each diet period. Results: Mean dietary phosphorus intake during each study period was 1556, 2071, and 1622 mg/d, respectively. Plasma concentrations of FGF-23 and vitamin D metabolites varied in a diurnal pattern; plasma PTH concentrations varied in a bimodal pattern. After changing from a low- to high-protein isocaloric diet, plasma FGF-23 concentrations decreased slightly (mean ?4.48 pg/mL, 95% confidence interval 1.88–7.07). There were no other statistically significant changes in phosphorus regulatory hormones in response to diet modifications. Conclusions: Among healthy people, an approximate 33% increase in dietary phosphorus after institution of a high-protein diet does not cause large changes in measured concentrations of phosphorus regulatory hormones. PMID:23393178

Hoofnagle, Andrew N.; Kratz, Mario; Weigle, David S.; Callahan, Holly S.; Purnell, Jonathan Q.; Horgan, Angela M.; de Boer, Ian H.; Kestenbaum, Bryan R.

2013-01-01

232

21 CFR 107.230 - Elements of an infant formula recall.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Elements of an infant formula recall. 107...Infant Formula Recalls § 107.230 Elements of an infant formula recall. A recalling...infant formula recall with the following elements: (a) The recalling...

2011-04-01

233

Diets that Work  

MedlinePLUS

... routine, whatever type of diet you choose. The Mediterranean Diet The Mediterranean diet is a way of eating that’s common ... are part of the diet as well. The Mediterranean diet is low in red meat, cheese, and ...

234

Undivided attention improves postoperative anesthesia handover recall  

PubMed Central

Background For years, undivided attention during the presurgical “timeout” has been utilized as a precaution to ensure patient safety. The information relayed during the timeout is presented in a confirmatory nature rather than a delegation of new information. However, it is a standard of practice in which all members of the operating theater provide their full and undivided attention. Standards of patient care should be contiguous throughout the preoperative, perioperative, and postoperative stages of surgery. In this manner, it is expected that the same undivided attention afforded during the timeout should be maintained when transferring the patient to the postanesthesia care unit. Methods In this study, information was collected regarding handover of information during the transfer status postsurgical procedures. Data were collected via observing interactions between the anesthesiologist and the nurse during verbal patient transfers. Results This study demonstrated that the presence of undivided attention during the handover of a surgical patient in the postanesthesia care unit has a direct correlation with improved recall of the information discussed during handover. Conclusion Focus is on the quantity of information that can be recalled by the transferring nurse, and whether or not undivided attention affects the outcome. Analysis focuses on suggestions to better improve patient safety and recovery when being transferred in an anesthetic setting. The practice of patient handover should be standardized to better improve the safety and quality of medical care. PMID:25031549

Arenas, Alejandro; Tabaac, Burton J; Fastovets, Galina; Patil, Vinod

2014-01-01

235

Metamemory appraisals in autobiographical event recall.  

PubMed

Two studies examined whether belief in the occurrence of events, recollecting events, and belief in the accuracy of recollections are distinct aspects of autobiographical remembering. In Study 1, 299 student participants received a cue to recall five childhood events, after which they rated each event on these constructs and other characteristics associated with remembering. Structural equation modelling revealed that variance in ratings was best explained by the three anticipated latent variables. In Study 2, an online sample of 1026 adults recalled and rated a childhood event and an event about which they were somehow uncertain. Confirmatory modelling replicated the three latent variables. The relationship of key predictors (perceptual detail, spatial detail, re-experiencing, and event plausibility) to the latent variables confirmed the distinction. These studies demonstrate that belief in occurrence and belief in accuracy appraisals are distinct, the former indexing the truth status of the event and the latter the degree to which the event representation accurately reflects prior experience. Further, they suggest that belief in accuracy indexes the monitoring of the quality of recollections. PMID:25525971

Scoboria, Alan; Talarico, Jennifer M; Pascal, Lisa

2015-03-01

236

Mediterranean diet  

MedlinePLUS

The Mediterranean-style diet has fewer meats and carbohydrates and more plant-based foods and monounsaturated (good) fat than ... in Italy, Spain, and other countries in the Mediterranean region have eaten this way for centuries. Following ...

237

Popular Diets  

Microsoft Academic Search

Popular diets are a constant in the lives of women. And while some restrictedcalorie plans recommending extreme differences\\u000a in the contribution of calories from fat, carbohydrate, and protein may promote weight loss in some women, they should not\\u000a be undertaken during pregnancy. Unfortunately, the scientific literature documenting the prevalence of use of popular diets\\u000a in pregnant women, or more importantly

Nancy Rodriguez; Michelle Price Judge

238

Chunk Limits and Length Limits in Immediate Recall: A Reconciliation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Whereas some research on immediate recall of verbal lists has suggested that it is limited by the number of chunks that can be recalled (e.g., N. Cowan, Z. Chen, & J. N. Rouder, 2004; E. Tulving & J. E. Patkau, 1962), other research has suggested that it is limited by the length of the material to be recalled (e.g., A. D. Baddeley, N. Thomson, &…

Chen, Zhijian; Cowan, Nelson

2005-01-01

239

Complete Recall on Alpha-Beta Heteroassociative Memory  

Microsoft Academic Search

Most heteroassociative memories models intend to achieve the recall of the entire trained pattern. The Alpha-Beta associative\\u000a memories only ensure the correct recall of the trained patterns in autoassociative memories, but not for the heteroassociative\\u000a memories. In this work we present a new algorithm based on the Alpha-Beta Heteroassociative memories that allows, besides\\u000a correct recall of some altered patterns, perfect

Israel Román-godínez; Cornelio Yáñez-márquez

2007-01-01

240

Temporal Associations and Prior-List Intrusions in Free Recall  

Microsoft Academic Search

When asked to recall the words from a just-presented target list, subjects occasionally recall words that were not on the list. These intrusions either appeared on earlier lists (prior-list intrusions, or PLIs) or had not appeared over the course of the experiment (extra-list intrusions). The authors examined the factors that elicit PLIs in free recall. A reanalysis of earlier studies

Franklin M. Zaromb; Marc W. Howard; Emily D. Dolan; Yevgeniy B. Sirotin; Michele Tully; Arthur Wingfield; Michael J. Kahana

2006-01-01

241

Memory Illusions: Recalling, Recognizing, and Recollecting Events that Never Occurred  

Microsoft Academic Search

Three experiments that document a powerful false memory effect in recall and recognition are reported. Subjects studied lists of items related to critical nonpresented themes (e.g., sleep, needle) and then completed recognition and\\/or recall tests, as well as various metamemory tasks (e.g., remember\\/know, source monitoring). Results showed that the critical nonpresented items were recalled and recognized nearly as often as

David G. Payne; Claude J. Elie; Jason M. Blackwell; Jeffrey S. Neuschatz

1996-01-01

242

Can the effects of temporal grouping explain the similarities and differences between free recall and serial recall?  

PubMed

Temporal grouping can provide a principled explanation for changes in the serial position curves and output orders that occur with increasing list length in immediate free recall (IFR) and immediate serial recall (ISR). To test these claims, we examined the effects of temporal grouping on the order of recall in IFR and ISR of lists of between one and 12 words. Consistent with prior research, there were significant effects of temporal grouping in the ISR task with mid-length lists using serial recall scoring, and no overall grouping advantage in the IFR task with longer list lengths using free recall scoring. In all conditions, there was a general tendency to initiate recall with either the first list item or with one of the last four items, and then to recall in a forward serial order. In the grouped IFR conditions, when participants started with one of the last four words, there were particularly heightened tendencies to initiate recall with the first item of the most recent group. Moreover, there was an increased degree of forward-ordered transitions within groups than across groups in IFR. These findings are broadly consistent with Farrell's model, in which lists of items in immediate memory are parsed into distinct groups and participants initiate recall with the first item of a chosen cluster, but also highlight shortcomings of that model. The data support the claim that grouping may offer an important element in the theoretical integration of IFR and ISR. PMID:25331276

Spurgeon, Jessica; Ward, Geoff; Matthews, William J; Farrell, Simon

2014-10-21

243

Effects of long-term cycling between palatable cafeteria diet and regular chow on intake, eating patterns, and response to saccharin and sucrose.  

PubMed

When exposed to a diet containing foods that are rich in fat and sugar, rats eat to excess and gain weight. We examined the effects of alternating this diet with laboratory chow on intake of each type of diet, the eating elicited by a palatable food (biscuits), and the drinking elicited by sweet solutions that did (sucrose) or did not (saccharin) contain calories. Each week for 13weeks, cycled rats were provided with the cafeteria diet for three successive days/nights and the chow diet for the remaining four days/nights, whereas other rats received continuous access to either the cafeteria or the chow diets. On each of the 13weeks, cycled rats ate more across the first 24hour exposure to the cafeteria diet than rats continuously fed this diet. In contrast, cycled rats ate less across the first 24hour exposure to the chow diet than rats continuously fed this diet and ate less when presented a novel palatable biscuit than chow-fed rats. The three groups exhibited similar licks per cluster to saccharin, but cafeteria-fed and cycled rats showed fewer clusters than chow-fed rats. In contrast, chow-fed rats and cycled rats exhibited more licks per cluster to sucrose than cafeteria-fed rats, but all three groups had a similar number of clusters. The results were discussed in relation to the effects of diet cycling on eating patterns, body weight, and 'wanting' and 'liking'. These findings with rats may have important implications for yo-yo dieting in people. PMID:25446218

Martire, Sarah I; Westbrook, R Fred; Morris, Margaret J

2015-02-01

244

The fSAM Model of False Recall  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors report a new theory of false memory building upon existing associative memory models and implemented in fSAM, the first fully specified quantitative model of false recall. Participants frequently intrude unstudied critical words while recalling lists comprising their strongest semantic associates but infrequently produce other…

Kimball, Daniel R.; Smith, Troy A.; Kahana, Michael J.

2007-01-01

245

Rorschach Test Correlates of Dreaming and Dream Recall  

Microsoft Academic Search

Measures of frequency of dream recall for 47 Ss and of amount of dreaming for 18 Ss, as determined by the Dement-Kleitman method, were available as part of a larger investigation of the influence of personality factors on dream recall. Rorschach Test indices obtained from these Ss were intercorrelated among themselves and correlated with the appropriate dream variable in order

David E. Orlinsky

1966-01-01

246

Using Recall to Reduce False Recognition: Diagnostic and Disqualifying Monitoring  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Whether recall of studied words (e.g., parsley, rosemary, thyme) could reduce false recognition of related lures (e.g., basil) was investigated. Subjects studied words from several categories for a final recognition memory test. Half of the subjects were given standard test instructions, and half were instructed to use recall to reduce false…

Gallo, David A.

2004-01-01

247

Variations in the Analysis of Written Recall Protocols  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

While researchers generally quantify the amount of information that learners recall correctly in order to measure reading comprehension, the unit of analysis adopted to score the recall protocol differs. Whether and how different scoring systems bring about a different picture of L2 reading comprehension, however, remains unexplored. This study…

Chang, Yuh-Fang

2009-01-01

248

22 CFR 19.10-6 - Benefits for recall service.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Fund under section 805(a) of the Act. If a share of the annuity is being paid as a pension to a former spouse under § 19.9, that share shall be deducted from the salary of the recalled annuitant during the period of the recall service....

2010-04-01

249

Computing Precision and Recall with Missing or Uncertain Ground Truth  

E-print Network

Computing Precision and Recall with Missing or Uncertain Ground Truth Bart Lamiroy1 and Tao Sun2 1 and recall measures in total absence of ground truth. We develop a probabilis- tic interpretation of both performance mea- sure to compare methods if no ground truth is available. This paper also shows

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

250

Precision and Recall Without Ground Truth Bart Lamiroy  

E-print Network

Precision and Recall Without Ground Truth Bart Lamiroy Nancy Universit´e ­ INPL ­ LORIA Nancy absence of ground truth. 1 Precision and Recall 1.1 General Definitions and Notation Precision Pr). This is the interpretation we are going to use in the next sections. 2 Absence of Ground Truth Previously enumerated metrics

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

251

Recall-Precision Trade-Off: A Derivation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the recall precision trade-off in information retrieval as the deceleration in the proportion of relevant documents retrieved over time. Several mathematical functions sharing this property are examined and it is concluded that the equation that best models recall as a function of time is the logarithm of a quadratic equation. (21…

Gordon, Michael; Kochen, Manfred

1989-01-01

252

Correlates of Clustering and Retention in Free Recall.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The method of organization in free recall in the form of either clustering or subjective organization is explored in this study. This is just one of the possible forms of retrieval that may be employed. Other possibilities include serial recall, alphabetization, and imagery. To the extent that subjects employ such other strategies, correlations…

Hopkins, William M.; Andre, Thomas

253

A randomized controlled trial to evaluate the effect of incorporating peanuts into an American Diabetes Association meal plan on the nutrient profile of the total diet and cardiometabolic parameters of adults with type 2 diabetes  

PubMed Central

Background According to the American Diabetes Association (ADA), the nutritional goals for patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D) are to achieve an optimal nutrient intake to achieve normoglycemia and a cardioprotective lipid profile. Peanuts are nutrient dense foods that contain high levels of monounsaturated fat (MUFA) and are a natural source of arginine, fiber, phytosterols, resveritrol, niacin, folate, vitamin E and magnesium, which have the potential for improving blood lipids and glycemic control. This study sought to evaluate the effect of a peanut enriched ADA meal plan on the nutrient profile of the total diet and cardiometabolic parameters in adults with T2D. Methods This was a randomized, prospective 24-week parallel-group clinical trial with 60 adults with T2D [age range 34–84 years; body mass index (BMI) range 17.2-48.7 kg/m2]. Subjects consumed an ADA meal plan containing ~20% of energy from peanuts (peanut group) or a peanut-free ADA meal plan (control group). Weight, BMI, waist circumference (WC) and nutrient intake from 24-hour recalls were measured every 4 weeks and fasting blood glucose (FBG), HbA1c and blood lipids were measured every 12 weeks. A mixed-model repeated-measures analysis of covariance was performed to assess the significance of changes in the cardiometabolic parameters. Results A higher polyunsaturated fat (PUFA) to saturated fat diet ratio and higher intake of MUFA, PUFA, ?-tocopherol, niacin and magnesium was observed in the peanut group as compared to the control group (P?diet and is compatible with weight management and improvement in specific blood lipids. Trial registration ClinicalTrials.gov NCT00937222 PMID:24450471

2014-01-01

254

Dino Diets  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this online interactive, learners match different dinosaurs to their food (plants or animals). Learners look for clues in the bodies, necks, teeth, and heads of the dinosaurs to make inferences about their diets. After making their selections, learners can read through short blurbs about each dinosaur, including information discovered by archaeologists and paleontologists.

Service, National P.

2013-05-15

255

Hominid Diet  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Between one and two million years ago, several different groups of ape-men roamed the plains of Africa. The only clues we have as to how they lived and evolved come from fossils they left behind. This Science Update tells us what some of those fossils reveal about the unusual diet of early hominids.

Science Update;

2001-09-30

256

Diet and Pain  

MedlinePLUS

... vegan diets need to supplement vitamin B-12. Mediterranean Diets Cretan Mediterranean diets are high in fruits and vegetables, cereals, ... level of unsaturated fats and anti-oxidants. The Mediterranean diet is nutritionally adequate and covers all of ...

257

Recall versus familiarity when recall fails for words and scenes: The differential roles of the hippocampus, perirhinal cortex, and category-specific cortical regions?  

PubMed Central

This fMRI study examined recall and familiarity for words and scenes using the novel recognition without cued recall (RWCR) paradigm. Subjects performed a cued recall task in which half of the test cues resembled studied items (and thus were familiar) and half did not. Subjects also judged the familiarity of the cue itself. RWCR is the finding that, among cues for which recall fails, subjects generally rate cues that resemble studied items as more familiar than cues that do not. For words, left and right hippocampal activity increased when recall succeeded relative to when it failed. When recall failed, right hippocampal activity was decreased for familiar relative to unfamiliar cues. In contrast, right Prc activity increased for familiar cues for which recall failed relative to both familiar cues for which recall succeeded and to unfamiliar cues. For scenes, left hippocampal activity increased when recall succeeded relative to when it failed but did not differentiate familiar from unfamiliar cues when recall failed. In contrast, right Prc activity increased for familiar relative to unfamiliar cues when recall failed. Category-specific cortical regions showed effects unique to their respective stimulus types: The visual word form area (VWFA) showed effects for recall vs. familiarity specific to words, and the parahippocampal place area (PPA) showed effects for recall vs. familiarity specific to scenes. In both cases, these effects were such that there was increased activity occurring during recall relative to when recall failed, and decreased activity occurring for familiar relative to unfamiliar cues when recall failed. PMID:23142268

Ryals, Anthony J.; Cleary, Anne M.; Seger, Carol A.

2013-01-01

258

Coca-Cola Products Recalled in Europe  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This week's In the News reports on Coca-Cola product contamination in Belgium. The biggest product recall in Coca-Cola's 113-year history occurred on June 8, 1999 when 40 school children were hospitalized for poison symptoms in Lochristi, Belgium. Coca-Cola brands such as Fanta, Sprite, Nestea, Kinley tonic, Lift, and juice drinks sold under the Minute Maid name were pulled from store shelves in five European nations following the incident, costing the soft-drink giant an estimated $60 million. The company publicly apologized on June 24, but European officials expressed outrage over CEO M. Douglas Ivester's slow response, company allegations of "psychosomatic reactions" among Belgians, poorly constructed press conferences, and other public relations lapses. Coca-Cola Co. attributes the contamination to manufacturing mistakes made in Dunkirk, France where shipping pallets became tainted by the toxic chemical phenol, a corrosive substance frequently used as an antiseptic and disinfectant. These eight resources provide news analysis and company information regarding this important consumer issue.

Waters, Megan.

259

Graphic Warning Labels in Cigarette Advertisements: Recall and Viewing Patterns  

PubMed Central

Background The Family Smoking Prevention and Control Act gave the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) legal authority to mandate graphic warning labels on cigarette advertising and packaging. The FDA requires that these graphic warning labels be embedded into cigarette advertising and packaging by September 2012. Purpose The aim of this study was to examine differences in recall and viewing patterns of text-only versus graphic cigarette warning labels; and, the association between viewing patterns and recall. Methods Participants (current daily smokers; N=200) were randomized to view a cigarette advertisement with either text-only or graphic warning labels. Viewing patterns were measured using eye-tracking, and recall was later assessed. Sessions were conducted between November 2008 and November 2009. Data analysis was conducted between March 2011 and July 2011. Results There was a significant difference in percentage correct recall of the warning label between those in the text-only versus graphic warning label condition, 50% versus 83% (?2 =23.74, p=0.0001). Time to first view of the graphic warning label text, and dwell time duration (i.e., time spent looking) on the graphic image were significantly associated with correct recall. Warning labels that drew attention more quickly and resulted in longer dwell times were associated with better recall. Conclusions Graphic warning labels improve smokers’ recall of warning and health risks; they do so by drawing and holding attention. PMID:22704744

Strasser, Andrew A.; Tang, Kathy Z.; Romer, Daniel; Jepson, Chris; Cappella, Joseph N.

2012-01-01

260

78 FR 12329 - Distinguishing Medical Device Recalls From Product Enhancements; Reporting Requirements; Draft...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...FDA-2013-D-0114] Distinguishing Medical Device Recalls From Product Enhancements...guidance entitled ``Distinguishing Medical Device Recalls From Product Enhancements...potential change to a device is a medical device recall, distinguish those...

2013-02-22

261

Register of Validated Short Dietary Assessment Instruments  

Cancer.gov

Welcome to the Register of Validated Short Dietary Assessment Instruments. Unlike food records and 24-hour dietary recalls that aim to capture the total diet, short instruments assess limited aspects of the diet and are thus less burdensome for respondents and researchers.

262

Reliability of a telephone questionnaire measuring diet and activity level in cats  

E-print Network

) for groups of pet owners whose responses changed from past to current and those whose did not. . . . . . . 29 Table 7 Kappa values for current vs. recall (influence of current on memory of the past) for groups of pet owners whose responses changed... causality Are pet owners able to recall information on diet and activity level in the distant past? Can we assume that their responses are valid and reliable? Does current diet and/or activity level interfere with an owner's memory of the past...

Harbison, Jacque L

2012-06-07

263

Ankylosing Spondylitis: Diet and Nutrition  

MedlinePLUS

Diet & Nutrition: Quick Links Overview of Diet & Spondylitis >>> Medication & Diet >>> Dietary Supplements >>> Changing Your Diet >>> The London AS / Low Starch Diet >>> Back To The About Spondylitis Main Page >>> DIET & ...

264

Clinical Factual Recall and Patient Management Skill in General Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A battery of assessment measures, including MCQ measures of factual recall, MEQ measures of problem-solving skills, measures of attitudes, intelligence and ability, and personality factors was administered to trainee intakes of several postgraduate training courses for general practice.

Freeman, J.; Byrne, P. S.

1977-01-01

265

A Therapist's Induced Recall of Sinatra Singing "My Way."  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes how a therapist's induced recall of Frank Sinatra's rendition of the song "My Way" illuminated transference-countertransference dynamics active at that moment in a patient-therapist dyad being discussed at a post-conference workshop. (SR)

Diaz de Chumaceiro, Cora L.

2001-01-01

266

Dream Recall and Political Ideology: Results of a Demographic Survey  

Microsoft Academic Search

This report presents findings from a survey of 2992 demographically diverse American adults who answered questions about dream recall and questions about their political views. Participants who described themselves as \\

Kelly Bulkeley

2012-01-01

267

21 CFR 7.46 - Firm-initiated recall.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...discovered. (3) Evaluation of the risk associated...firm's recall communication if any has issued, or a proposed communication if none has issued...8) Proposed strategy for conducting...in the firm's strategy for the...

2011-04-01

268

21 CFR 7.46 - Firm-initiated recall.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...discovered. (3) Evaluation of the risk associated...firm's recall communication if any has issued, or a proposed communication if none has issued...8) Proposed strategy for conducting...in the firm's strategy for the...

2010-04-01

269

21 CFR 7.46 - Firm-initiated recall.  

...discovered. (3) Evaluation of the risk associated...firm's recall communication if any has issued, or a proposed communication if none has issued...8) Proposed strategy for conducting...in the firm's strategy for the...

2014-04-01

270

21 CFR 7.46 - Firm-initiated recall.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...discovered. (3) Evaluation of the risk associated...firm's recall communication if any has issued, or a proposed communication if none has issued...8) Proposed strategy for conducting...in the firm's strategy for the...

2012-04-01

271

21 CFR 7.46 - Firm-initiated recall.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...discovered. (3) Evaluation of the risk associated...firm's recall communication if any has issued, or a proposed communication if none has issued...8) Proposed strategy for conducting...in the firm's strategy for the...

2013-04-01

272

40 CFR 92.404 - Voluntary emissions recall reporting.  

...PROGRAMS (CONTINUED) CONTROL OF AIR POLLUTION FROM LOCOMOTIVES AND LOCOMOTIVE ENGINES Emission-Related Defect Reporting...voluntary emissions recall campaign involving a locomotive or locomotive engine, the manufacturer...

2014-07-01

273

21 CFR 7.50 - Public notification of recall.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...of recalls of certain drugs and devices where the agency determines that public notification may cause unnecessary and harmful anxiety in patients and that initial consultation between patients and their physicians is essential. The report will not include...

2010-04-01

274

Multicenter feasibility study evaluating recruitment, variability in risk factors and biomarkers for a diet and cancer cohort in India  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background  India's population exhibits diverse dietary habits and chronic disease patterns. Nutritional epidemiologic studies in India\\u000a are primarily of cross-sectional or case-control design and subject to biases, including differential recall of past diet.\\u000a The aim of this feasibility study was to evaluate whether a diet-focused cohort study of cancer could be established in India,\\u000a providing insight into potentially unique diet and

Rashmi Sinha; Carrie R Daniel; Niveditha Devasenapathy; Hemali Shetty; Susan Yurgalevitch; Leah M Ferrucci; Preethi S George; Kerry Grace Morrissey; Lakshmy Ramakrishnan; Barry I Graubard; Kavita Kapur; K Srinath Reddy; Mary J McAdams; Tanuja Rastogi; Nilanjan Chatterjee; Prakash C Gupta; Sholom Wacholder; Dorairaj Prabhakaran; Aleyamma A Mathew

2011-01-01

275

Validity of Maternal Birthweight Recall Among Colombian Children  

Microsoft Academic Search

Low birthweight and preterm birth are associated with adverse health outcomes later in life, but acquisition of accurate birthweight\\u000a information is not always feasible in large epidemiological studies. We examined the validity of child birthweight and gestational\\u000a age recall by mothers, and the extent to which recall bias affects associations between birthweight and childhood obesity\\u000a in children from Bogotá, Colombia.

Caroline E. Boeke; Constanza Marín; Henry Oliveros; Mercedes Mora-Plazas; Samantha Agudelo-Cañas; Eduardo Villamor

276

Age differences in the relationship between anxiety and recall  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present study examined the relationship between anxiety and recall performance as well as whether this association varied by age. One hundred and ninety-five young, middle-aged, and older adults studied and recalled a list of 30 categorizable words. Anxiety was measured before memory testing using a cognitive-specific anxiety measure (PIC) and after testing with a state measure (STAI). Based on

Carrie Andreoletti; Bridget W. Veratti; Margie E. Lachman

2006-01-01

277

Adult age differences in free classification and free recall  

Microsoft Academic Search

Presented a verbal free classification and free recall task to 20 20-29, 40-49, and 60-69 yr. old white females. 1\\/2 the Ss categorized words into 2-7 categories prior to free recall, while the other Ss inspected the words but were prevented from physically sorting them. There were no significant age differences in free classification performance under the sorting condition. Analysis

David F. Hultsch

1971-01-01

278

Essays on Product Recalls, New Product Preannouncements, and Shareholder Value  

E-print Network

of such crises or recalls on firm value have been researched (e.g., Chen, Ganesan, and Liu 2009; Thirumalai and Sinha 2011), the long- term effects of such recalls are not well understood. An exception is Liu and Shankar (2013), who investigate the dynamic... investors’ perceptions of significant direct costs may diminish their expectations of future performance. Consistent with prior studies (Chen, Ganesan, and Liu 2009; MacKinlay 1997; Sorescu, Shankar, and Kushwaha 2007; Thirumalai and Sinha 2011), I...

Yun, Wonjoo

2014-08-08

279

Music-dependent memory in immediate and delayed word recall  

Microsoft Academic Search

Undergraduate volunteers rated a series of words for pleasantness while hearing a particular background music. The subjects\\u000a in Experiment 1 received, immediately or after a 48-h delay, an unexpected word-recall test in one of the following musical\\u000a cue contexts:same cue (S),different cue (D), orno cue (N). For immediate recall, context dependency (S — D) was significant but same-cue facilitation (S

William R. Balch; Kelly Bowman; Lauri A. Mohler

1992-01-01

280

Effects of long-term representations on free recall of unrelated words.  

PubMed

Human memory stores vast amounts of information. Yet recalling this information is often challenging when specific cues are lacking. Here we consider an associative model of retrieval where each recalled item triggers the recall of the next item based on the similarity between their long-term neuronal representations. The model predicts that different items stored in memory have different probability to be recalled depending on the size of their representation. Moreover, items with high recall probability tend to be recalled earlier and suppress other items. We performed an analysis of a large data set on free recall and found a highly specific pattern of statistical dependencies predicted by the model, in particular negative correlations between the number of words recalled and their average recall probability. Taken together, experimental and modeling results presented here reveal complex interactions between memory items during recall that severely constrain recall capacity. PMID:25593296

Katkov, Mikhail; Romani, Sandro; Tsodyks, Misha

2015-02-01

281

A computational language approach to modeling prose recall in schizophrenia.  

PubMed

Many cortical disorders are associated with memory problems. In schizophrenia, verbal memory deficits are a hallmark feature. However, the exact nature of this deficit remains elusive. Modeling aspects of language features used in memory recall have the potential to provide means for measuring these verbal processes. We employ computational language approaches to assess time-varying semantic and sequential properties of prose recall at various retrieval intervals (immediate, 30 min and 24 h later) in patients with schizophrenia, unaffected siblings and healthy unrelated control participants. First, we model the recall data to quantify the degradation of performance with increasing retrieval interval and the effect of diagnosis (i.e., group membership) on performance. Next we model the human scoring of recall performance using an n-gram language sequence technique, and then with a semantic feature based on Latent Semantic Analysis. These models show that automated analyses of the recalls can produce scores that accurately mimic human scoring. The final analysis addresses the validity of this approach by ascertaining the ability to predict group membership from models built on the two classes of language features. Taken individually, the semantic feature is most predictive, while a model combining the features improves accuracy of group membership prediction slightly above the semantic feature alone as well as over the human rating approach. We discuss the implications for cognitive neuroscience of such a computational approach in exploring the mechanisms of prose recall. PMID:24709122

Rosenstein, Mark; Diaz-Asper, Catherine; Foltz, Peter W; Elvevåg, Brita

2014-06-01

282

Diet Light  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this quick activity, learners observe how the added sugar in a can of soda affects its density and thus, its ability to float in water. Learners explore this phenomenon by testing if two cans of soda (one regular, one diet or "sugar-free") float in a fish-tank filled with water. Use this activity to introduce learners to the concepts of density and water displacement. This resource also explains how atmospheric density plays a role in meteorology and includes thunderstorm safety tips.

Service, National W.

2012-06-26

283

Healthy Diet Weight Control  

E-print Network

· Healthy Diet · Weight Control Diet and Obesity #12;Maintaining a Healthy Diet, hypertension ­ Diabetes ­ Cancer · Low SES #12;Why Maintain a Healthy Diet? · Dietary factors contribute death, salt and HTN ­ Estimates of degree to which diet contributes to cancer range between 30

Meagher, Mary

284

Worldwide food recall patterns over an eleven month period: A country perspective  

PubMed Central

Background Following the World Health Organization Forum in November 2007, the Beijing Declaration recognized the importance of food safety along with the rights of all individuals to a safe and adequate diet. The aim of this study is to retrospectively analyze the patterns in food alert and recall by countries to identify the principal hazard generators and gatekeepers of food safety in the eleven months leading up to the Declaration. Methods The food recall data set was collected by the Laboratory of the Government Chemist (LGC, UK) over the period from January to November 2007. Statistics were computed with the focus reporting patterns by the 117 countries. The complexity of the recorded interrelations was depicted as a network constructed from structural properties contained in the data. The analysed network properties included degrees, weighted degrees, modularity and k-core decomposition. Network analyses of the reports, based on 'country making report' (detector) and 'country reported on' (transgressor), revealed that the network is organized around a dominant core. Results Ten countries were reported for sixty per cent of all faulty products marketed, with the top 5 countries having received between 100 to 281 reports. Further analysis of the dominant core revealed that out of the top five transgressors three made no reports (in the order China > Turkey > Iran). The top ten detectors account for three quarters of reports with three > 300 (Italy: 406, Germany: 340, United Kingdom: 322). Conclusion Of the 117 countries studied, the vast majority of food reports are made by 10 countries, with EU countries predominating. The majority of the faulty foodstuffs originate in ten countries with four major producers making no reports. This pattern is very distant from that proposed by the Beijing Declaration which urges all countries to take responsibility for the provision of safe and adequate diets for their nationals. PMID:18783627

Nepusz, Tamás; Petróczi, Andrea; Naughton, Declan P

2008-01-01

285

Eating at America's Table Study  

Cancer.gov

Food frequency questionnaires, which measure a person's usual intake over a defined period of time, and 24-hour recalls, in which a person records everything eaten or drunk during the previous 24 hours, are commonly used to collect dietary information. Short screeners, which include just a few questions about consumption of selected items, can be useful in situations that don't require assessment of the total diet or when resources are limited.

286

Interstitial Cystitis (IC) Diet  

MedlinePLUS

Interstitial Cystitis (IC) Diet There is a lot of information on the web promoting various diets for interstitial cystitis (IC). Both the IC ... At this time, there is no special “IC Diet.” Research has found that there is a lot ...

287

Iodine in diet  

MedlinePLUS

Diet - iodine ... Many months of iodine deficiency in a person's diet may cause goiter or hypothyroidism . Without enough iodine, ... and older children. Getting enough iodine in the diet may prevent a form of physical and intellectual ...

288

Resting brain activity varies with dream recall frequency between subjects.  

PubMed

Dreaming is still poorly understood. Notably, its cerebral underpinning remains unclear. Neuropsychological studies have shown that lesions in the temporoparietal junction (TPJ) and/or the white matter of the medial prefrontal cortex (MPFC) lead to the global cessation of dream reports, suggesting that these regions of the default mode network have key roles in the dreaming process (forebrain 'dream-on' hypothesis). To test this hypothesis, we measured regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF) using [(15)O]H2O positron emission tomography in healthy subjects with high and low dream recall frequencies (DRFs) during wakefulness (rest) and sleep (rapid eye movement (REM) sleep, N2, and N3). Compared with Low recallers (0.5 ± 0.3 dream recall per week in average), High recallers (5.2 ± 1.4) showed higher rCBF in the TPJ during REM sleep, N3, and wakefulness, and in the MPFC during REM sleep and wakefulness. We demonstrate that the resting states of High recallers and Low recallers differ during sleep and wakefulness. It coheres with previous ERP results and confirms that a high/low DRF is associated with a specific functional organization of the brain. These results support the forebrain 'dream-on' hypothesis and suggest that TPJ and MPFC are not only involved in dream recall during wakefulness but also have a role in dreaming during sleep (production and/or encoding). Increased activity in the TPJ and MPFC might promote the mental imagery and/or memory encoding of dreams. Notably, increased activity in TPJ might facilitate attention orienting toward external stimuli and promote intrasleep wakefulness, facilitating the encoding of the dreams in memory. PMID:24549103

Eichenlaub, Jean-Baptiste; Nicolas, Alain; Daltrozzo, Jérôme; Redouté, Jérôme; Costes, Nicolas; Ruby, Perrine

2014-06-01

289

Subjective Organisation in the Free Recall Learning of Adults with Asperger's Syndrome  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Single trial methods reveal unimpaired free recall of unrelated words in Asperger's syndrome (AS). When repeated trials are used (free recall learning), typical individuals show improved recall over trials, subjective organization of material (SO) and a correlation between free recall and SO. We tested oral (Experiment 1) and written (Experiment…

Bowler, Dermot M.; Gaigg, Sebastian B.; Gardiner, John M.

2008-01-01

290

The Effect of "Organizing Word-Visuals" in Increasing College Students' Recall of Factual Information.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated the use of word-visuals to aid university students' recall by examining relationships that exist among levels of learners' recall resulting from different presentation modes; between levels of field-dependent and field-independent learners' recall; and between levels of field-dependent and field-independent learners' recall

Whiteside, J. Alan

1986-01-01

291

Optimizing Design Efficiency of Free Recall Events for fMRI  

Microsoft Academic Search

Free recall is a fundamental paradigm for studying memory retrieval in the context of minimal cue support. Accordingly, free recall has been extensively studied using behavioral methods. However, the neural mechanisms that support free recall have not been fully investigated due to technical challenges associated withprobing individual recall eventswithneuroimagingmethods. Of particular concern is the extent to which the uncontrolled latencies

Ilke Öztekin; Nicole M. Long; David Badre

2010-01-01

292

[Space diet].  

PubMed

Food prepared for astronauts meets various physical and biological requirements determined by living conditions in a space environment. Onboard systems, work programs, launch costs impose weight and volume limitations. For all investigated food items, the manufacturing technique must take into account all flight specific mechanical parameters. From a nutrition and sanitation standpoint, food packs must be designed to comply with certain specific effects of long term flights ans selected food items must be thoroughly safe, which requires very strict laboratory testing. The diet must also be varied, if possible it should match astronauts' personal preferences. Food preparations must be easy to use. Space food items are original applications of existing technologies: they are of very high quality. PMID:2598067

Luigi, R

1989-06-01

293

A comparative analysis of double-crested cormorant diets from stomachs and pellets from two Lake Ontario colonies  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Double-crested cormorant (Phalacrocorax auritus) diets were compared with evidence from the stomachs of shot birds and from regurgitated pellets at High Bluff Island and Little Galloo Island, Lake Ontario. The highest similarity in diets determined by stomach and pellet analyses occurred when both samples were collected on the same day. Diet overlap dropped substantially between the two methods when collection periods were seven to ten days apart, which suggested differences in prey availability between the two periods. Since the average number of fish recovered in pellets was significantly higher than that in stomachs, use of pellets to determine fish consumption of double-crested cormorants may be more valid than stomach analysis because pellet content represent an integrated sampling of food consumed over approximately 24 hours.

Johnson, James H.; Ross, Robert M.; McCullough, Russell D.; Mathers, Alastair

2010-01-01

294

Moringa oleifera Supplemented Diets Prevented Nickel-Induced Nephrotoxicity in Wistar Rats.  

PubMed

Background. The Moringa oleifera plant has been implicated for several therapeutic potentials. Objective. To evaluate whether addition of M. oleifera to diet has protective effect against nickel-induced nephrotoxicity in rats. Methodology. Male Wistar rats were assigned into six groups of five. The rats were given oral exposure to 20?mg/kg nickel sulphate (NiSO4) in normal saline and sustained on either normal diet or diets supplemented with Moringa oleifera at different concentrations for 21 days. 24 hours after cessation of treatments, all animals were sacrificed under slight anesthesia. The blood and kidney samples were collected for biochemical and histopathology analyses, respectively. Results. NiSO4 exposure reduced the kidney-to-body weight ratio in rats and caused significant elevation in the levels of plasma creatinine, urea, and potassium. Also, the plasma level of sodium was decreased by NiSO4 exposure. However, addition of M. oleifera to diets averted the nickel-induced alteration to the level of creatinine and urea. The histopathology revealed damaged renal tubules and glomerular walls caused by NiSO4 exposure. In contrast, the damages were ameliorated by the M. oleifera supplemented diets. Conclusion. The addition of M. oleifera to diet afforded significant protection against nickel-induced nephrotoxicity. PMID:25295181

Adeyemi, O S; Elebiyo, T C

2014-01-01

295

Diet and nutritional status among children 24–59 months by seasons in a mountainous area of Northern Vietnam in 2012  

PubMed Central

Background Seasonal variation affects food availability. However, it is not clear if it affects dietary intake and nutritional status of children in Vietnam. Objectives This paper aims at examining the seasonal variation in nutrition status and dietary intake of children aged 24–59 months. Design A repeated cross-sectional study design was used to collect data of changes in nutritional status and diets of children from 24 to 59 months through four seasons in Chiem Hoa district, Tuyen Quang province, a predominately rural mountainous province of northern Vietnam. The quantitative component includes anthropometric measurements, 24 hours dietary recall and socio-economic characteristics. The qualitative component was conducted through focus group discussions (FGDs) with mothers of the children surveyed in the quantitative component. The purpose of FGDs was to explore the food habits of children during the different seasons and the behaviours of their mothers in relation to the food that they provide during these seasons. Results The prevalence of underweight among children aged 24–59 months is estimated at around 20–25%; it peaked in summer (24.9%) and reached a low in winter (21.3%). The prevalence of stunting was highest in summer (29.8%) and lowest in winter (22.2%). The prevalence of wasting in children was higher in spring and autumn (14.3%) and lower in summer (9.3%). Energy intake of children was highest in the autumn (1259.3 kcal) and lowest in the summer (996.9 kcal). Most of the energy and the nutrient intakes during the four seasons did not meet the Vietnamese National Institute of Nutrition recommendation. Conclusions Our study describes some seasonal variation in nutrition status and energy intake among children in a mountainous area northern Vietnam. Our study indicated that the prevalence of stunting and underweight was higher in summer and autumn, while the prevalence of wasting was higher in spring and autumn. Energy intake did not always meet national recommendations, especially in summer. PMID:25511885

Huong, Le Thi; Xuan, Le Thi Thanh; Phuong, Le Hong; Huyen, Doan Thi Thu; Rocklöv, Joacim

2014-01-01

296

Memory recall and modifications by activating neurons with elevated CREB.  

PubMed

Memory is supported by a specific ensemble of neurons distributed in the brain that form a unique memory trace. We previously showed that neurons in the lateral amygdala expressing elevated levels of cAMP response-element binding protein are preferentially recruited into fear memory traces and are necessary for the expression of those memories. However, it is unknown whether artificially activating just these selected neurons in the absence of behavioral cues is sufficient to recall that fear memory. Using an ectopic rat vanilloid receptor TRPV1 and capsaicin system, we found that activating this specific ensemble of neurons was sufficient to recall established fear memory. Furthermore, this neuronal activation induced a reconsolidation-like reorganization process, or strengthening of the fear memory. Thus, our findings establish a direct link between the activation of specific ensemble of neurons in the lateral amygdala and the recall of fear memory and its subsequent modifications. PMID:24212670

Kim, Jieun; Kwon, Jeong-Tae; Kim, Hyung-Su; Josselyn, Sheena A; Han, Jin-Hee

2014-01-01

297

To what extent do interactive pictures promote recall?  

PubMed

In four experiments, a total of 352 subjects viewed word pairs alone or accompanied by pictures, after which they were given a cued-recall test. Although Exps. 1 and 2 showed that recall of brand names was similar with separate and with interactive pictures, it was argued that the latter provided a cue enabling subjects to combine the separate components mentally. In Exp. 3, recall of both low concrete nouns and brand names was enhanced with interactive pictures and the effect was replicated in Exp. 4 with subjects who were learning English. These results offer hope to advertisers who wish to use interactive pictures whose relationship to their names is indirect. PMID:1408628

McKelvie, S J; Cooper, D; Monfette, P

1992-10-01

298

Adult age differences in free recall and category clustering.  

PubMed

This experiment used free recall and category clustering methodologies to determine whether older adults, relative to younger adults, are less adept at organizing the to-be-learned material. To assess the role of categorical versus associative relationships upon organization, items that were clear exemplars of their respective categories and had one of two levels of interim associative strength were used. Analyses of the recall data indicated that younger adults recalled more categories, more instances per category, and more total words than did the older adults. Analyses of organizational measures, including both molar and molecular measures of category clustering (a type of secondary organization), and seriation (a type of primary organization), provided evidence for age differences in multiple and divergent modes of organization. Subjects, particularly the younger adults, initially evidenced a seriation strategy and then used one based on category membership. PMID:8444264

Witte, K L; Freund, J S; Brown-Whistler, S

1993-01-01

299

Part-list cuing in speeded recognition and free recall.  

PubMed

The primary question was whether part-list cuing decrements would occur in a speeded yes/no recognition task and free recall. After studying category exemplars, participants were tested either after re-presentation of a subset of the exemplars (cues) or without re-presentation. Free recall of all study items followed the recognition task in each trial. Across two experiments, results demonstrated part-list cuing impairment in two ways: significant slowing of target recognition and lower free recall of target items in cued than in uncued trials. These findings extend the limited research on part-list cuing in recognition and support retrieval inhibition and retrieval competition interpretations of the phenomenon. Moreover, despite arguments for the necessity of the presence of cues for part-list inhibition, the present experiments demonstrate that the negative effects of cues can persist in their absence. PMID:16933761

Oswald, Karl M; Serra, Matt; Krishna, Anand

2006-04-01

300

Brain representations for acquiring and recalling visual-motor adaptations.  

PubMed

Humans readily learn and remember new motor skills, a process that likely underlies adaptation to changing environments. During adaptation, the brain develops new sensory-motor relationships, and if consolidation occurs, a memory of the adaptation can be retained for extended periods. Considerable evidence exists that multiple brain circuits participate in acquiring new sensory-motor memories, though the networks engaged in recalling these and whether the same brain circuits participate in their formation and recall have less clarity. To address these issues, we assessed brain activation with functional MRI while young healthy adults learned and recalled new sensory-motor skills by adapting to world-view rotations of visual feedback that guided hand movements. We found cerebellar activation related to adaptation rate, likely reflecting changes related to overall adjustments to the visual rotation. A set of parietal and frontal regions, including inferior and superior parietal lobules, premotor area, supplementary motor area and primary somatosensory cortex, exhibited non-linear learning-related activation that peaked in the middle of the adaptation phase. Activation in some of these areas, including the inferior parietal lobule, intra-parietal sulcus and somatosensory cortex, likely reflected actual learning, since the activation correlated with learning after-effects. Lastly, we identified several structures having recall-related activation, including the anterior cingulate and the posterior putamen, since the activation correlated with recall efficacy. These findings demonstrate dynamic aspects of brain activation patterns related to formation and recall of a sensory-motor skill, such that non-overlapping brain regions participate in distinctive behavioral events. PMID:25019676

Bédard, Patrick; Sanes, Jerome N

2014-11-01

301

Diet Quality of Multiethnic Mothers with Limited Incomes in the Southern United States  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

This study compared nutrient intakes of a multiethnic sample of mothers with children in Head Start in 2 southern states in the U.S.: 24% white (W), 43% African American (AA) and 33% Hispanic (HSP). Interviewers elicited 3 nonconsecutive days of dietary recalls. Diet quality was evaluated using th...

302

Improving basic multiplication fact recall for primary school students  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This study implemented a multiplication program based on systematic practice, aimed at improving children's recall of basic multiplication facts. Four Year 5 classes were recruited to participate in the study. Two classes practised multiplication facts using pencil and paper worksheets and another two classes practised on computers. Eleven practice sessions (each of 15 minutes duration) were conducted over a four week period. Both groups increased their recall of basic multiplication facts and maintained the increase for at least 4 weeks after the termination of the program. Implications for mathematics instruction, and for the overall development of mathematical proficiency, are discussed.

Wong, Monica; Evans, David

2007-06-01

303

Inferences and Recall at Ages Four and Seven.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Investigates several variables' effects on children's inferential processes, including cause of target event, presence and timing of questions prior to recall, and inference type that the questions demanded. Children four and seven differed in logical, constrained, and unconstrained inference production; causal connections between story events…

Thompson, James G.; Myers, Nancy A.

1985-01-01

304

Readability as a Factor in Magazine Ad Copy Recall.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines the relationship between advertising copy readability and advertising effectiveness. Finds that recall is improved when the copy style is either fairly easy or fairly hard to read. Suggests the value of considering copy readability as a potential contributor, though a minor one, to the success of magazine advertising. (RS)

Wesson, David A.

1989-01-01

305

Recall costs balanced against spoilage control in Dutch custard.  

PubMed

The relation between the moment at which a recall of Dutch custard is initiated and the direct costs of this recall was investigated. A simulation model of the custard supply chain was developed to compare scenarios with and without a quarantine of 48 h at the storage of the production plant. The model consists of 3 parts: 1) the distribution of a 24,000-L batch of custard over the supply chain over time is simulated; 2) the time to detect spoilage bacteria with a recontamination test procedure is simulated; and 3) the direct recall costs of custard over the different parts of the supply chain are calculated. Direct recall costs increase from about 25,000 euros/batch to 36,171 euros/batch from 57 to 135 h in the situation without quarantine and from 25,000 euros/batch to 36,648 euros/batch from 123 h to 163 h for the situation with quarantine. Then costs decrease because more and more custard is at the consumer level and only 0.13% of the consumers will ask for a refund. With low true contamination probabilities quarantine is not profitable, but at later detection moments with high probabilities it is. We conclude that a simulation model is a helpful tool to evaluate the efficiency of risk management strategies like end product testing and a quarantine situation. PMID:20494188

Velthuis, A G J; Reij, M W; Baritakis, K; Dang, M; van Wagenberg, C P A

2010-06-01

306

Induced Recall of Jane Austen's Novels: Films, Television, Videos.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Notes that the popularity of Jane Austen adaptations in theaters, television, and videos increases the probability that patients and therapists may recall these movies in treatment. Underscores excerpts from a comparison of an Austen novel with the psychoanalytic process and highlights available film adaptations in video format. (SC)

Diaz de Chumaceiro, Cora L.

2000-01-01

307

Recall in Older Cancer Patients: Measuring Memory for Medical Information  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: Remembering medical treatment information may be particularly taxing for older cancer patients, but to our knowledge this ability has never been assessed in this specific age group only. Our purpose in this study was to investigate older cancer patients' recall of information after patient education preceding chemotherapy. Design and…

Jansen, Jesse; van Weert, Julia; van der Meulen, Nienke; van Dulmen, Sandra; Heeren, Thea; Bensing, Jozien

2008-01-01

308

21 CFR 810.13 - Mandatory recall order.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

21 Food and Drugs 8 2010-04-01...false Mandatory recall order. 810.13 Section 810.13 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION...agency review of the order, or, if the Commissioner of Food and Drugs or the presiding...

2010-04-01

309

21 CFR 810.13 - Mandatory recall order.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

21 Food and Drugs 8 2011-04-01...false Mandatory recall order. 810.13 Section 810.13 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION...agency review of the order, or, if the Commissioner of Food and Drugs or the presiding...

2011-04-01

310

21 CFR 810.13 - Mandatory recall order.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

21 Food and Drugs 8 2013-04-01...false Mandatory recall order. 810.13 Section 810.13 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION...agency review of the order, or, if the Commissioner of Food and Drugs or the presiding...

2013-04-01

311

21 CFR 810.13 - Mandatory recall order.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

21 Food and Drugs 8 2012-04-01...false Mandatory recall order. 810.13 Section 810.13 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION...agency review of the order, or, if the Commissioner of Food and Drugs or the presiding...

2012-04-01

312

Shared Encoding and the Costs and Benefits of Collaborative Recall  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We often remember in the company of others. In particular, we routinely collaborate with friends, family, or colleagues to remember shared experiences. But surprisingly, in the experimental collaborative recall paradigm, collaborative groups remember less than their potential, an effect termed "collaborative inhibition". Rajaram and…

Harris, Celia B.; Barnier, Amanda J.; Sutton, John

2013-01-01

313

The achievement motive and recall of interrupted and completed tasks  

Microsoft Academic Search

Divided Ss into three groups on an interruption-of-tasks experiment on the basis of instructions presumed to vary the probability that the Ss would perceive completion as personal accomplishment and incompletion as personal failure. Each S was also classified high or low in motivation to achieve based on a thematic apperception measure of the need to achieve. Found that recall of

John W. Atkinson

1953-01-01

314

Recall factorial: n! = n (n -1) . . . 2 1  

E-print Network

1 Recursion Recall factorial: n! df = n Ã? (n - 1) Ã? . . . Ã? 2 Ã? 1 Written more formally: n! df = 1 if n = 0 n Ã? (n - 1)! if n > 0 This is a recursive definition -- n! is defined in terms of (n - 1 it returns. Engineering 4892: Recursion June 7, 2002 2 int factorial(int n) { int result = 1; if (n > 0

Peters, Dennis

315

Recall and Recognition in Industrial Technology Education Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study determined whether sensate and intuitive learners differed in their capacity to recall and recognize images given two different times of exposure. The 158 subjects--elementary school technology teachers in Southern California--put themselves into 2 groups of 80 and 78 by registering for a first or second session of the Elementary Summer…

Schultz, Andrew E.

316

Articulation of Phonologically Similar Items Disrupts Free Recall of Nonwords  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present study sought to clarify whether phonological similarity of encoded information impairs free recall performance (the phonological similarity effect: PSE) for nonwords. Five experiments examined the influence of the encoding process on the PSE in a step-by-step fashion, by using lists that consisted of phonologically similar (decoy)…

Nishiyama, Ryoji; Ukita, Jun

2013-01-01

317

The Impact of Interactive Storybook on Elementary School Students' Recall  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated the effectiveness of animated interactive storybook on elementary school students' recall. This experiment utilized 77 fourth grade students in three groups. Each student was randomly assigned with one of the three conditions: (1) computer presentation of interactive storybooks with animation; (2) computer presentation of…

Seyit, Ertem Ihsan

2011-01-01

318

Color preference and familiarity in performance on brand logo recall.  

PubMed

Two experiments assessed effects of color preference and brand-logo familiarity on recall performance. Exp. 1 explored the color preferences, using a forced-choice technique, of 189 women and 63 men, Taiwanese college students ages 18 to 20 years (M = 19.4, SD = 1.5). The sequence of the three most preferred colors was white, light blue, and black and of the three least preferred colors was light orange, dark violet, and dark brown. Exp. 2 investigated the effects of color preference based on the results of Exp. 1 and brand-logo familiarity on recall. A total of 27 women and 21 men, Taiwanese college students ages 18 to 20 years (M = 19.2, SD = 1.2) participated. They memorized a list of 24 logos (four logos shown in six colors) and then performed sequential recall. Analyses showed color preference significantly affected recall accuracy. Accuracy for high color preference was significantly greater than that for low preferences. Results showed no significant effects of brand-logo familiarity or sex on accuracy. In addition, the interactive effect of color preference and brand-logo familiarity on accuracy was significant. These results have implications for the design of brand logos to create and sustain memory of brand images. PMID:19093619

Huang, Kuo-Chen; Lin, Chin-Chiuan; Chiang, Shu-Ying

2008-10-01

319

Scalable Knowledge Harvesting with High Precision and High Recall  

E-print Network

Scalable Knowledge Harvesting with High Precision and High Recall Ndapandula Nakashole, Martin,mtb,weikum}@mpi-inf.mpg.de ABSTRACT Harvesting relational facts from Web sources has received great at- tention for automatically constructing large knowledge bases. State- of-the-art approaches combine pattern-based gathering of fact can

320

CS297 Report Total Recall for Ajax Applications  

E-print Network

CS297 Report Total Recall for Ajax Applications Smita Periyapatna smita BUTTON 14 #12;1. Introduction In AJAX, most of the action takes place inside a single page. When an AJAX, users see their state completely wiped out; when they go back to their AJAX application with the back

Pollett, Chris

321

Knighthelm 24-hour HMD: from development to production  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The BAE SYSTEMS Knighthelm HMD is a unique two-part helmet design, using a form fitted inner helmet with an outer display module. It has been refined and enhanced, as part of an extensive development program, for the German Army Tiger helicopter, and is optimized for the attack helicopter application. The design optically mixes the output of an Image Intensifier Tube with Cathode Ray Tube imagery. This provides a flexible display of symbology overlaid on NVG imagery or symbology overlaid on FLIR video viewed as a collimated image in the see through combiner eyepiece in front of the users eyes.

White, John; Cameron, Alexander A.

2001-08-01

322

Attenuated sympathetic nerve responses after 24 hours of bed rest  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Bed rest reduces orthostatic tolerance. Despite decades of study, the cause of this phenomenon remains unclear. In this report we examined hemodynamic and sympathetic nerve responses to graded lower body negative pressure (LBNP) before and after 24 h of bed rest. LBNP allows for baroreceptor disengagement in a graded fashion. We measured heart rate (HR), cardiac output (HR x stroke volume obtained by echo Doppler), and muscle sympathetic nerve activity (MSNA) during a progressive and graded LBNP paradigm. Negative pressure was increased by 10 mmHg every 3 min until presyncope or completion of -60 mmHg. After bed rest, LBNP tolerance was reduced in 11 of 13 subjects (P <.023), HR was greater (P <.002), cardiac output was unchanged, and the ability to augment MSNA at high levels of LBNP was reduced (rate of rise for 30- to 60-mmHg LBNP before bed rest 0.073 bursts x min(-1) x mmHg(-1); after bed rest 0.035 bursts x min(-1) x mmHg(-1); P < 0.016). These findings suggest that 24 h of bed rest reduces sympathetic nerve responses to LBNP.

Khan, Mazhar H.; Kunselman, Allen R.; Leuenberger, Urs A.; Davidson, William R Jr; Ray, Chester A.; Gray, Kristen S.; Hogeman, Cynthia S.; Sinoway, Lawrence I.

2002-01-01

323

Collection of a 24-Hour Urine Specimen (Beyond the Basics)  

MedlinePLUS

... or after the time of the first morning void on the first day (which was flushed). In this example, you would try to void between 6:05 and 6:25 on the ... full glass of water so that you can void again at the appropriate time. If you have ...

324

Rethinking the Youth Weight Debate: The 24 Hour Day  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Approaches to weight management have traditionally focussed on caloric intake versus caloric expenditure. Despite a range of interventions based on these approaches, the proportion of overweight children and adolescents continues to rise. There are increasing indications that other factors, such as sleep duration, may be at play. This commentary…

Dodd, Graham; Biggs, Sarah; Agley, Daniel; Dollman, James; Lushington, Kurt

2008-01-01

325

Metabolic heat balance data for 24-hour periods  

Microsoft Academic Search

Continuous human calorimetry, both direct and indirect, has allowed us to do complete energy balances for full 24-hr days. As a method for direct calorimetry, we use a water cooled undergarment, a network of plastic tubes on the skin which removes body heat in just the amount, and at just the time, it is brought to the surface to be

P. Webb

1971-01-01

326

316 genomic evaluation of bovine embryos within 24 hours.  

PubMed

The aim of this study was to develop a reliable procedure for genomic evaluation of bovine embryos to determine gender, polled status, and hereditary defects within 24h after collection. German Simmental animals (n=15) were superovulated (n=25) using a standard protocol. Embryos were recovered on Day 7 (Day 0=oestrus). A total of 217 embryos (morula, n=130; early blastocyst, n=43; blastocyst, n=44) were biopsied with a steel blade attached to a micromanipulator. Biopsied cells were immediately transferred into 1µL TE buffer to a 500µL reaction tube and embryos were in vitro cultured until genomic results were available. For commonly used molecular genetic methods (e.g. 5'-exonuclease genotyping, PCR or high density genotyping) DNA amounts of 2-200ng are required. However, the DNA quantity of a single diploid cell amounts to 6 pg only. The embryo biopsies used, usually consists of 10-30 cells, necessitating an artificial amplification of the embryonic genome. Taking all vital measures to avoid external DNA contamination, isothermal whole genome amplification was performed with the REPLI-g Mini Kit (Qiagen, Valencia, CA, USA) using random hexamers and Phi29-Polymerase. Depending on the number of cells, a total DNA amount of 4-7µg was achieved. Polled status and gender was determined using PCR with subsequent gel-electrophoresis. 5'-exonuclease assays were used to obtain genotypes for the detection of genetic defects. At present, eight, mostly Simmental-specific genetic disorders can be examined: three traits associated with severe growth retardation, dwarfism (DW), Braunvieh-haplotype 2 (BH2) and stunted growth (FH2), the lethal skin disorder zinc deficiency-like syndrome (ZDL), a fertility trait bovine male subfertility (BMS), embryonic death Fleckvieh-haplotype 4 (FH4), a bleeding disorder thrombopathia (TP) and arachnomelia (A), within 24h. On average, 8.7 embryos were biopsied per embryo recovery, i.e. 93.9% of the total number of transferable embryos. Fourteen embryo samples (6.5%) totally failed during analysis, possibly due to the loss of samples. In successful analyses, gender was undetermined in two embryos; remaining embryos were 52.2% female and 47.8% male. Polled status could be analysed in 92.6% of the embryos. The analyses of embryos for possible inherited genetic disorders (healthy, heterozygote, or homozygote; n=578) were successful in 90.1%. The transfer of biopsied embryos (n=30) led to 63.3% pregnancies (Day 42). A validation of the present results has to be done as soon as the produced calves are born, demonstrating the reliability of the procedure. PMID:25472364

Jung, S; Reichenbach, M; Fries, R; Wolf, E; Gschoederer, C; Scherzer, J; Grupp, T; Reichenbach, H-D

2014-12-01

327

40 CFR 204.59 - Recall of non-complying compressors.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 false Recall of non-complying compressors. 204.59 Section 204.59 Protection...CONSTRUCTION EQUIPMENT Portable Air Compressors § 204.59 Recall of non-complying compressors. (a) Pursuant to section...

2010-07-01

328

21 CFR 107.250 - Termination of an infant formula recall.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... 2011-04-01 false Termination of an infant formula recall. 107.250 Section 107.250 Food and...CONTINUED) FOOD FOR HUMAN CONSUMPTION INFANT FORMULA Infant Formula Recalls § 107.250 Termination of an infant...

2011-04-01

329

21 CFR 107.250 - Termination of an infant formula recall.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... 2012-04-01 false Termination of an infant formula recall. 107.250 Section 107.250 Food and...CONTINUED) FOOD FOR HUMAN CONSUMPTION INFANT FORMULA Infant Formula Recalls § 107.250 Termination of an infant...

2012-04-01

330

21 CFR 107.250 - Termination of an infant formula recall.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... 2013-04-01 false Termination of an infant formula recall. 107.250 Section 107.250 Food and...CONTINUED) FOOD FOR HUMAN CONSUMPTION INFANT FORMULA Infant Formula Recalls § 107.250 Termination of an infant...

2013-04-01

331

21 CFR 107.250 - Termination of an infant formula recall.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Termination of an infant formula recall. 107.250 Section 107.250...SERVICES (CONTINUED) FOOD FOR HUMAN CONSUMPTION INFANT FORMULA Infant Formula Recalls § 107.250 Termination of...

2010-04-01

332

21 CFR 107.260 - Revision of an infant formula recall.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Revision of an infant formula recall. 107.260 Section 107.260...SERVICES (CONTINUED) FOOD FOR HUMAN CONSUMPTION INFANT FORMULA Infant Formula Recalls § 107.260 Revision of an...

2010-04-01

333

Maternal deprivation exacerbates the response to a high fat diet in a sexually dimorphic manner.  

PubMed

Maternal deprivation (MD) during neonatal life has diverse long-term effects, including affectation of metabolism. Indeed, MD for 24 hours during the neonatal period reduces body weight throughout life when the animals are maintained on a normal diet. However, little information is available regarding how this early stress affects the response to increased metabolic challenges during postnatal life. We hypothesized that MD modifies the response to a high fat diet (HFD) and that this response differs between males and females. To address this question, both male and female Wistar rats were maternally deprived for 24 hours starting on the morning of postnatal day (PND) 9. Upon weaning on PND22 half of each group received a control diet (CD) and the other half HFD. MD rats of both sexes had significantly reduced accumulated food intake and weight gain compared to controls when raised on the CD. In contrast, when maintained on a HFD energy intake and weight gain did not differ between control and MD rats of either sex. However, high fat intake induced hyperleptinemia in MD rats as early as PND35, but not until PND85 in control males and control females did not become hyperleptinemic on the HFD even at PND102. High fat intake stimulated hypothalamic inflammatory markers in both male and female rats that had been exposed to MD, but not in controls. Reduced insulin sensitivity was observed only in MD males on the HFD. These results indicate that MD modifies the metabolic response to HFD intake, with this response being different between males and females. Thus, the development of obesity and secondary complications in response to high fat intake depends on numerous factors. PMID:23145019

Mela, Virginia; Llorente-Berzal, Álvaro; Díaz, Francisca; Argente, Jesús; Viveros, María-Paz; Chowen, Julie A

2012-01-01

334

Diet - chronic kidney disease  

MedlinePLUS

... Limiting fluids Eating a low-protein diet Limiting salt, potassium, phosphorous, and other electrolytes Getting enough calories ... amount of fluids) Stay cool on hot days SALT OR SODIUM Reducing sodium in your diet helps ...

335

Dietary Diversity as a Correlate of Undernutrition among School-Age Children in Southwestern Nigeria  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose/Objectives: This study was conducted to determine the association between undernutrition and dietary diversity among school-age children in southwestern Nigeria. Methods: A total of 600 school children were randomly selected from six private and six public schools in the region. A standardized FAO-published 24-hour diet recall

Olumakaiye, M. F.

2013-01-01

336

Out-of-hand nut consumption is associated with improved nutrient intake and health risk markers in US children and adults: NHANES 1999-2004  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

The purpose of this study was to determine the association of out-of-hand nut (OOHN) consumption with nutrient intake, diet quality, and the prevalence of risk factors for cardiovascular disease and metabolic syndrome. Data from 24-hour recalls from individuals aged 2+ years (n = 24,385) participati...

337

Evaluating Nutrition Education Programs: A Comparative Study of Two Curricula Designs in EFNEP.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Cooperative Extension Service improves the diets of low income families through the Expanded Food and Nutrition Education Program (EFNEP). In 1980 and 1983, low income homemakers with young children were chosen from eight counties in Georgia to participate in the program. The 24-Hour Food Recall instrument assessed the number of servings from…

Rohs, Frederick R.; Wheeler, Janet Panter

338

Relative Reliability and Validity of the Block Kids Questionnaire among Youth Aged 10 to 17 Years  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

This cross-sectional study tested the reliability and validity of the Block Kids Questionnaire to assess diet during the past 7 days. Within a 7-day period, 10- to 17-year-old children and adolescents completed two 24-hour dietary recalls by telephone, followed by the Block Kids Questionnaire at the...

339

Comparison of the dietary intakes of two different groups of children (grades 4 to 6) before and after the Kahnawake Schools Diabetes Prevention Project  

Microsoft Academic Search

The diet of Mohawk children (grades 4 through 6) was assessed using 24-hour recalls after 4 years’ participation in the Kahnawake Schools Diabetes Prevention Project. Analysis compared mean intakes of energy, fat, and sucrose, and proportions of children consuming each food. No significant difference was found in the mean intake of energy, fat, and sucrose. There was a significant decrease

M. Michelle Jimenez; Olivier Receveur; Mary Trifonopoulos; Harriet Kuhnlein; Gilles Paradis; Ann C. Macaulay

2003-01-01

340

Usability Test of an Interactive Dietary Recording  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Dietary intake methods are used to collect one's diet habit which is essential in nutrition assessment. Food diary, food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) and 24-hour recalls are the most common dietary intake methods. However, they are not welcomed by most clients. Digital handheld devices are now readily available, and the cost of digital…

Chung, Louisa Ming Yan; Chung, Joanne Wai Yee; Wong, Thomas Kwok Shing

2009-01-01

341

Diets for Constipation  

PubMed Central

Chronic constipation is a very common disease in children. Successful treatment of constipation can be achieved not only with medication but also with lifestyle changes, including a proper diet. Diets including fruits, fluids, and probiotics are good for constipation. Some dietary components are helpful for constipation, and some are harmful. In this study, we present diets related to constipation from the literature, and propose some perspectives regarding diets related to constipation. PMID:25587519

2014-01-01

342

Children's Use of Text Structure in the Recall of Expository Material.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Elementary school students read and recalled normal and scrambled versions of text. Superior recall for expository text was found to be attributable to use of text structure rather than a memory factor as a retrieval cue. Students aware of structure recalled significantly more of normal passages than scrambled text. (Author/DWH)

Taylor, Barbara M.; Samuels, S. Jay

1983-01-01

343

A Comparison of Elementary Students' Information Recall on Text Documents, Oral Reading, and Multimedia Presentations.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the effect of different modes of presentation on the amount of information elementary students (N=38) in mixed-age classrooms can recall about historical figures. Assessment of information recall followed a pretest/posttest format. Analysis showed no significant difference in recall due to the varied modes of presentation. (DR)

White, Steven H.; Kuhn, Troy

1997-01-01

344

On the Use of the Recall Task to Measure L2 Reading Comprehension.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Much research in second language reading uses a free written recall task to measure comprehension. The significance of differences in research design is analyzed. Sixteen groups of college Spanish students (N=20 each group) were given a recall task (in appendix). Research variables, including level of study, language of recall, and pre-reading…

Lee, James F.

1986-01-01

345

Validity of a Self-Administered 3-Day Physical Activity Recall in Young Adults  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Most physical activity recall questionnaires assess activity over a 7-day period. However, questionnaires have been validated in adolescents and adults using shorter recall timeframes. Purpose: The purpose of this study was to assess the validity of a self-administered 3-day physical activity recall instrument (3DR) in young adults.…

Han, Jennifer L.; Dinger, Mary K.

2009-01-01

346

Hypnosis to Facilitate Recall in Psychogenic Amnesia and Fugue States: Treatment Variables  

Microsoft Academic Search

Two cases demonstrate the use of hypnosis to facilitate recall in psychogenic amnesia and fugue states. Individual differences in treatment are discussed together with differences in events and time periods to be recalled, time between events and treatment, and the relative speed, pacing, and time required for recall. The responses of one subject to projective testing are compared in the

Frank J. MacHovec

1981-01-01

347

Phonological Effects in Forward and Backward Serial Recall: Qualitative and Quantitative Differences.  

PubMed

Forward serial recall is affected by a diverse range of phonological factors that are readily replicated and relatively well understood. In contrast with backward recall, these phonological effects are not consistently replicable in that some studies show that the effects are present and some show the effects are absent or severely attenuated. Moreover at the theoretical level there is no consensus about how participants perform backward recall. The current research was aimed at understanding the differences between forward and backward recall by using meta-analytic techniques on 16 previously published experiments that examined the effects of benchmark phonological factors on both forward and backward recall. In each of the studies, recall was decomposed into 2 components, the first 2 items output and the remaining later responses. A consistent pattern emerged in the data. Each effect was present in both the early and late output positions in forward recall. The effects were present in the late output positions in backward recall, but the effects were weaker than in forward recall. The phonological variables had little impact on early output in backward recall (with the exceptions of articulatory suppression). The presence of qualitative differences between forward and backward recall and quantitative differences between studies have implications for the theoretical understanding of direction of recall in immediate memory tasks. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2014 APA, all rights reserved). PMID:25437297

Ritchie, Gabrielle; Tolan, Georgina Anne; Tehan, Gerald; Goh, Hong Eng; Guérard, Katherine; Saint-Aubin, Jean

2014-12-01

348

Personal Memories and Personal Identity: The Impact of Ego Identity Development on Autobiographical Memory Recall  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article presents a study of the relationship between identity development and personal memory recall. The position is advanced that transitions in identity formation should influence (a) the recall of personal memories and (b) the impact of that recall on self-perceptions. Following Marcia's (1966) paradigm, a sample of 71 people falling into 1 of 4 identity statuses (diffuse, foreclosed, moratorium,

Greg J. Neimeyer; Margaret B. Rareshide

1991-01-01

349

Dynamics of Context-Dependent Recall: An Examination of Internal and External Context Change  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Retrieval dynamics in context-dependent recall were explored via manipulations of external and internal context in two experiments. Participants were tested in either the same or different context as the material was learned in and correct recalls, errors, and recall latency measures were examined. In both experiments changes in context resulted…

Unsworth, Nash; Spillers, Gregory J.; Brewer, Gene A.

2012-01-01

350

Changing the working self alters the emotions prompted by recall.  

PubMed

Results from three studies indicated that emotional responses to memories can be changed by altering the working self. In particular, these results showed that emotional reactions to memories: (1) were especially positive when memories were perceived to be central to the working self (Experiment 1); (2) were muted when the working self was changed by adopting a third-person perspective during recall (Experiment 1); (3) of an event in the life of each participant's mother weakened when an individual was induced to experience a self that felt less close to their mother (Experiment 2) and (4) of a childhood event provoked especially positive emotional reactions after exposure to a mortality salience manipulation that increased perceived self-worth (Experiment 3). The extent to which mother was included in the self (Experiment 2) and self-worth (Experiment 3) plausibly mediated the effects of the manipulations on participants' emotional reactions to recalled events. PMID:25625289

Skowronski, John J; Sedikides, Constantine; Xie, Wenwen; Zhou, Xinyue

2015-03-01

351

Text 2 treat - using SMS to recall clients for treatment.  

PubMed

Prompt treatment of patients with genital Chlamydia shortens the period of infectivity with benefits to the individual and wider community. With large numbers of genital Chlamydia notifications, predominantly occurring in younger age groups, short message service (SMS) is a potentially useful technology for recalling this patient group quickly and efficiently. In the sexual health unit of Population Health-Midwest, Western Australia, genital Chlamydia cases were recalled for treatment with an SMS. Ninety-four per cent (n?=?60) of clients responded to the SMS, with 84% (n?=?54) responding on the same day they were contacted. All clients (n?=?64) were treated for their infection, with 72% (n?=?46) having directly-observed treatment within one day of being informed of their results via SMS. Our results suggest that SMS is a highly effective, youth-friendly communication tool. PMID:24695015

Bailey, Samuel Michael; Scalley, Benjamin David; Gilles, Marisa Theresa

2014-12-01

352

Improving Recall for Hindi, Telugu, Oromo to English CLIR  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents the Cross Language Information Retrieval (CLIR) experiments of the Language Technologies Research Centre\\u000a (LTRC, IIIT-Hyderabad) as part of our participation in the ad-hoc track of CLEF 2007. We present approaches to improve recall\\u000a of query translation by handling morphological and spelling variations in source language keywords. We also present experiments\\u000a using query expansion in CLIR using a

Prasad Pingali; Kula Kekeba Tune; Vasudeva Varma

2007-01-01

353

Patients’ Recall of Interaction with a Pharmacist During Hospital Admission  

PubMed Central

Background CSHP 2015 objective 1.5 proposes that at least 50% of recently hospitalized patients or their caregivers will recall speaking with a pharmacist while in the hospital. Objective: To determine the baseline prevalence of patients’ recall of interaction with a pharmacist during their hospital admission and their level of satisfaction with these encounters, following a major reorganization of health authorities in New Brunswick. Methods: Former inpatients from 27 units in 9 hospitals in the Horizon Health Network were randomly selected to complete a telephone survey within 5 to 7 months after discharge from hospital. Patients’ responses were validated against pharmacists’ documentation in the patients’ health records. Results: From June 2010 to July 2011, a total of 1028 former inpatients were screened, of whom 399 completed the telephone survey. More than half of the respondents were women (225 [56.4%]), and the mean age was 67 years. Overall, 184 patients (46.1%) recalled speaking with a pharmacist during their recent admission. Of these, 164 (89.1%) were “satisfied” or “very satisfied” with these interactions. In addition, 332 respondents (83.2%) indicated that if the hospital offered the opportunity to talk with a pharmacist who could help answer their questions about medications, they would take advantage of this service. The electronic hospital records of 181 patients (from 15 units at 3 sites) were analyzed to seek evidence of pharmacists’ interventions or encounters (e.g., medication history, consultation). Pharmacist documentation was found in the health records of 166 (91.7%) of all patients in this sample. Conclusions: Almost half of former inpatients recalled speaking with a pharmacist during a recent hospital admission. The majority of patients were satisfied with these interactions and would welcome future services from hospital pharmacists. PMID:23814284

Doucette, Douglas; Goodine, Carole; Symes, Jodi; Clarke, Erin

2013-01-01

354

Validation of the OMNI RPE Seven Day Exertional Recall Questionnaire  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The present study examined the validity of the Seven Day Recall Questionnaire among recreationally active men and women. Method: Initially, participants completed a level walk (2.5 mph [4.0 kph]), hill walk (3.5 mph [5.6 kph], 5% grade), and run (5.0 mph [8.0 kph], 2.5% grade). Seven days later, participants were given the Seven Day…

Schafer, Mark A.; Robertson, Robert J.; Thekkada, Savitha J.; Gallagher, Michael, Jr.; Hunt, Sarah E.; Goss, Fredric L.; Aaron, Deborah J.

2013-01-01

355

3-D breast cancer screening reduces recall rates  

Cancer.gov

Tomosynthesis, or 3-dimensional (3-D) mammography, significantly reduced the number of patients being recalled for additional testing after receiving a mammogram, a Yale Cancer Center study found. The study appears in the journal Radiology. Digital mammography is considered the mainstay for breast cancer screening. However, it is not a perfect test, and many women are asked to come back for additional testing that often turns out not to show cancer. These additional screening tests increase patient anxiety.

356

Effects of energy status and diet on Bdnf expression in the ventromedial hypothalamus of male and female rats.  

PubMed

Sex differences exist in the regulation of energy homeostasis in response to calorie scarcity or excess. Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) is one of the anorexigenic neuropeptides regulating energy homeostasis. Expression of Bdnf mRNA in the ventromedial nucleus of the hypothalamus (VMH) is closely associated with energy and reproductive status. We hypothesized that Bdnf expression in the VMH was differentially regulated by altered energy balance in male and female rats. Using dietary intervention, including fasting-induced negative energy status and high-fat diet (HFD) feeding-induced positive energy status, along with low-fat diet (LFD) feeding and HFD pair-feeding (HFD-PF), effects of diets and changes in energy status on VMH Bdnf expression were compared between male and female rats. Fasted males but not females had lower VMH Bdnf expression than their fed counterparts following 24-hour fasting, suggesting that fasted males reduced Bdnf expression to drive hyperphagia and body weight gain. Male HFD obese and HFD-PF non-obese rats had similarly reduced expression of Bdnf compared with LFD males, indicating that dampened Bdnf expression was associated with feeding a diet high in fat instead of increased adiposity. Decreased BDNF signaling during HFD feeding would increase a drive to eat and may contribute to diet-induced obesity in males. In contrast, VMH Bdnf expression was stably maintained in females when energy homeostasis was disturbed. These results suggest sex-distinct regulation of central Bdnf expression by diet and energy status. PMID:24709620

Liu, Xian; Zhu, Zheng; Kalyani, Manu; Janik, James M; Shi, Haifei

2014-05-10

357

Established dietary estimates of net acid production do not predict measured net acid excretion in patients with Type 2 diabetes on Paleolithic-Hunter-Gatherer-type diets  

PubMed Central

Background Formulas developed to estimate diet-dependent net acid excretion (NAE) generally agree with measured values for typical Western diets. Whether they can also appropriately predict NAE for "Paleolithic-type" (Paleo) diets – which contain very high amounts of fruits and vegetables (F&V) and concurrent high amounts of protein is unknown. Here we compare measured NAEs with established NAE-estimates in subjects with Type 2 diabetes (T2D). Methods Thirteen subjects with well controlled T2D were randomized to either a Paleo or American Diabetes Association (ADA) diet for 14 days. 24-hour urine collections were performed at baseline and end of the diet period, and analyzed for titratable acid, bicarbonate, and ammonium to calculate measured NAE. Three formulas for estimating NAE from dietary intake were used; two (NAE_diet R or L) that include dietary mineral intake and sulfate- and organic acid (OA) production, and one that is empirically-derived (NAE_diet F) only considering potassium and protein intake. Results Measured NAE on the Paleo diet was significantly lower than on the ADA diet (+31±22 vs. 112±52 mEq/day, p=0.002). Although all formula estimates showed similar and reasonable correlations (r=0.52–0.76) with measured NAE, each one underestimated measured values. The formula with the best correlation did not contain an estimate of dietary organic acid production. Conclusions Paleo diets are lower in NAE than typical Western diets. However, commonly used formulas clearly underestimate NAE, especially for diets with very high F&V (as the Paleo diet), and in subjects with T2D. This may be due to an inappropriate estimation of proton loads stemming from OAs, underlining the necessity for improved measures of OA-related proton sources. PMID:23859996

Frassetto, Lynda A; Shi, Lijie; Schloetter, Monique; Sebastian, Anthony; Remer, Thomas

2014-01-01

358

Pattern of efficacy of a musical mnemonic on recall of familiar words over several presentations.  

PubMed

It has been demonstrated that musical accompaniment may aid recall of words. This study examined the mnemonic effect of music on recall of verbal material which contained no unfamiliar words over three presentations. 20 participants (average age 21.9 yr.) were randomly allocated to one of two experimental conditions and heard the to-be-remembered lyrics either being sung or read aloud without musical accompaniment. Analysis of both total number of words correctly recalled and the extent of chunking of recalled material showed better over-all recall in the song condition with evidence of greater chunking of material. PMID:8724908

McElhinney, M; Annett, J M

1996-04-01

359

Diet composition and feeding periodicity of wild and hatchery subyearling Chinook salmon in Lake Ontario  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Diel feeding periodicity, daily ration, and diet composition of wild and hatchery subyearling Chinook salmon Oncorhynchus tshawytscha were examined in Lake Ontario and the Salmon River, New York. The diet of wild riverine salmon was composed mainly of aquatic invertebrates (63.4%), mostly ephemeropterans (25.8%), chiromomids (15.8%), and trichopterans (8.3%). The diet of riverine Chinook was more closely associated with the composition of drift samples rather than bottom samples, suggesting mid-water feeding. In Lake Ontario terrestrial invertebrates were more important in the diet of hatchery Chinook (49.0%) than wild salmon (30.5%) and diet overlap between hatchery and wild salmon was low (0.46%). The diet of both hatchery and wild Chinook salmon was more closely associated with the composition of mid-water invertebrate samples rather than benthic core samples, indicating mid-water and surface feeding. Hatchery Chinook salmon consumed significantly less food (P < 0.05) than wild Chinook salmon in the lake and in the river, and wild salmon from Lake Ontario consumed more food than wild salmon in the Salmon River. Peak feeding of wild Chinook salmon occurred between 1200-1600 hours in Lake Ontario and between 1600-2000 hours in the Salmon River; there was no discernable feeding peak for the hatchery Chinook in Lake Ontario. Hatchery Chinook salmon also had the least diverse diet over the 24-hour sample period. These results suggest that at 7 days post-stocking hatchery Chinook salmon had not yet fully adapted to their new environment.

Johnson, J.H.

2008-01-01

360

Invariance of cognitive triage in the development of recall in adulthood.  

PubMed

Past research has demonstrated that cognitive triage (weak-strong-weak recall pattern) is a robust effect that optimises children's recall. The aim of the current research was to determine whether adults' free recall also exhibits triage and whether cognitive triage is less marked with older than younger adults' recall. Younger and older adults memorized 16 unrelated words until all items were recalled perfectly. The triage pattern existed for both the younger and older adults' recall and there was evidence for age differences in triage. Our results are consistent with claims of greater verbatim forgetting and increased susceptibility to output interference with age in adulthood. Further research is needed to determine whether fuzzy-trace theory adequately explains the ageing of triage and what factors play a role in the development of this pattern of recall in adulthood. PMID:19468958

Marche, Tammy A; Howe, Mark L; Lane, David G; Owre, Keith P; Briere, Jennifer L

2009-07-01

361

Infant recall memory and communication predicts later cognitive development  

PubMed Central

This longitudinal study investigates the relation between recall memory and communication in infancy and later cognitive development. Twenty-six typically developing Swedish children were tested during infancy for deferred imitation (memory), joint attention (JA), and requesting (nonverbal communication); they also were tested during childhood for language and cognitive competence. Results showed that infants with low performance on both deferred imitation at 9 months and joint attention at 14 months obtained a significantly lower score on a test of cognitive abilities at 4 years of age. This long-term prediction from preverbal infancy to childhood cognition is of interest both to developmental theory and to practice. PMID:17138307

Strid, Karin; Tjus, Tomas; Smith, Lars; Meltzoff, Andrew N.; Heimann, Mikael

2013-01-01

362

MedlinePlus: Diets  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this section of their website, Medline Plus, a service of the U.S. National Library of Medicine and the National Institutes of Health, tackles the subject of diets. The information is divided up into half a dozen labeled boxes near the top of the page, and includes "Basics", "Research", "Learn More", and "Reference Shelf". Within these sections visitors can find links to information on "Nutrition", "Specific Conditions", "Journal Articles", "Dictionaries/Glossaries", and more. Many of the topics discussed throughout the categories is the safety of certain diets, such as the link "Nutrition for Weight Loss: What You Need to Know About Fad Diets", and "Are Detox Diets Safe?" found under the Teenagers category at the bottom of the page. Visitors interested in participating in clinical trials going on throughout the United States, can check out the links "ClinicalTrials.gov: Diet" and "ClinicalTrials.gov: Diet Therapy" under the category Clinical Trials.

363

Resale of recalled children's products online: an examination of the world's largest yard sale  

PubMed Central

Objective To examine an online auction site for the presence and sale of children's products and toys previously recalled because of safety concerns. Methods Targeted items were randomly selected from US Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC) press releases of recalled children's products dated 1992–2004. Auction listings from eBay were searched for the 150 targeted recalled items for 30?days. Item, seller, and buyer information were recorded from the auction listings. Results 190 auctions contained or were suspected to contain a recalled children's item from the target list. Most of the recalled items were listed for sale from addresses within the United States, with sellers from Canada, Australia, Great Britain, and Ireland also represented. On average, six bids were placed on each recalled item, with 70% of auctions eventuating in a sale. Conclusions Recalled children's products were found to be available for sale online and were sold most of the time, presenting a risk of injury to children. Although the CPSC is charged with notifying the public of recalled items, these results suggest that potentially hazardous products are recirculating online. A multi?front initiative to decrease the presence of hazards in online auctions is needed. This initiative should include increased manufacturer efforts to improve recall return rates, a requirement by online auction sites that sellers verify non?recall status before item posting, and parental checks of government recall websites before item purchase. Investigation of parental understanding and awareness of recalls and the potential risks associated with recall announcements is needed. PMID:17686931

Kirschman, Keri Brown; Smith, Gary A

2007-01-01

364

The metabolic response to a high-protein, low-carbohydrate diet in men with type 2 diabetes mellitus.  

PubMed

We recently reported that in subjects with untreated type 2 diabetes mellitus, a 5-week diet of 20:30:50 carbohydrate-protein-fat ratio resulted in a dramatic decrease in 24-hour integrated glucose and total glycohemoglobin compared with a control diet of 55:15:30. Body weight, total cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, and serum ketones were unchanged; insulin and nonesterified fatty acids were decreased. We now present data on other hormones and metabolites considered to be affected by dietary macronutrient changes. The test diet resulted in an elevated fasting plasma total insulin-like growth factor 1, but not growth hormone. Urinary aldosterone was unchanged; free cortisol was increased, although not statistically. Urinary pH and calcium were unchanged. Blood pressure, creatinine clearance, serum vitamin B12, folate, homocysteine, thyroid hormones, and uric acid were unchanged. Serum creatinine was modestly increased. Plasma alpha-amino nitrogen and urea nitrogen were increased. Urea production rate was increased such that a new steady state was present. The calculated urea production rate accounted for 87% of protein ingested on the control diet, but only 67% on the test diet, suggesting net nitrogen retention on the latter. The lack of negative effects, improved glucose control, and a positive nitrogen balance suggest beneficial effects for subjects with type 2 diabetes mellitus at risk for loss of lean body mass. PMID:16423633

Nuttall, Frank Q; Gannon, Mary C

2006-02-01

365

Prescription diets for rabbits.  

PubMed

Dietary management can be used with drug therapy for the successful treatment of many diseases. Therapeutic nutrition is well-recognized in dogs and cats and is beginning to increase among other pet species, including rabbits. The nutritional component of some rabbit diseases (eg, urolithiasis) is not completely understood, and the clinician should evaluate the use of prescription diets based on the scientific literature and individual needs. Long-term feeding trials are needed to further evaluate the efficacy of prescription diets in rabbits. Prescription diets are available for selected diseases in rabbits, including diets for immediate-term, short-term, and long-term management. PMID:25155667

Proença, Laila Maftoum; Mayer, Jörg

2014-09-01

366

Protoplasmic Computing to Memorize and Recall Periodic Environmental Events  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Single-celled organisms might be more intelligent than previously envisaged [1]-[5]. The acts of anticipating and recalling events are higher functions performed by the brains of higher animals; their evolutionary origins and the way they self-organize, however, remain open questions. Here we show that an amoeboid organism can anticipate the timing of periodic events. The plasmodium of the true slime mold Physarum polycephalum moves rapidly under favorable conditions, but stops moving when transferred to less-favorable conditions. For example, plasmodia exposed to low temperature and low humidity, presented in three consecutive pulses at constant intervals, reduced their locomotive speed in response to each episode. When favorable conditions were subsequently reintroduced, the plasmodia spontaneously reduced their locomotive speed at the point in time when the next unfavorable episode would have occurred. This implies that the plasmodia are able to anticipate impending environmental change. After this anticipatory response had been evoked several times, the locomotion of the plasmodia returned to normal speed; however, the slowing down could subsequently be induced by a single unfavorable pulse, implying recall of the periodicity that had been memorized. We have explored the mechanisms underlying this behavior from a dynamical systems perspective. Our results suggest that this primitive intelligence is of cellular origin and that simple dynamics might be sufficient to explain its emergence. abstract environment.

Tero, Atsushi; Saigusa, Tetsu; Nakagaki, Toshiyuki

367

Motivation for hay: effects of a pelleted diet on behavior and physiology of horses.  

PubMed

The natural diet of free-ranging horses is grass, which is typically high in fiber and calorically dilute, however diets for high performance domestic horses are often low in fiber and calorically dense. The aim of the study was to determine the motivation of horses for hay when fed a low roughage diet. Their motivation could be used to determine if low roughage diets compromise the welfare of horses. Eight mares were fed two different diets in counterbalanced order: ad libitum orchard grass hay; a complete pelleted feed (pellets). Each trial lasted three weeks, with a one-week transition period between diets. To determine the motivation of horses for fiber they were taught to press a panel to obtain a food reward. The fixed ratio (FR) was increased using a progressive ratio ((1,2,4,7,11…) technique. When fed pellets, the horses worked for a median FR of 1 (Range=1-497) to attain pellets, and when fed hay, they worked for a median FR of 25.5 (4-497) to attain pellets. When fed hay, the horses worked for a median FR of 0 (0-0) to attain hay, and when fed pellets, they worked for a FR of 13 (2-79) to attain hay. These results indicate a greater motivation for hay, a high fiber diet, when fed a low fiber diet. The horses spent 10 (5-19.4)% of their time during a 24-hour period eating pellets compared to 61.5 (29-76) % of their time eating hay. Horses spent 58% of their time standing when fed the pellets and only 37% of their time standing when fed hay. Searching behavior (i.e. sifting through wood shaving bedding for food particles) took up 11.5 (1.4-32) % of the horse's day when fed pellets, but only 1.2 (0-3.5) % of the daily time budget when fed hay. Horses chew more times when eating a hay diet (43,476chews/day) than when eating a pellet diet (10,036chews/day). Fecal pH was lower in horses fed the pelleted diet. PMID:20869976

Elia, Jamie B; Erb, Hollis N; Houpt, Katherine Albro

2010-12-01

368

Norms of paired-associate recall during multitrial learning of Swahili-English translation equivalents.  

PubMed

No normative data have been available for the recall of recently studied foreign-language vocabulary items. We report data from 200 university undergraduates who had three study-recall trials on Swahili-English translation equivalents (e.g. ardhi-soil). Performance on each of the three study-recall trials is reported for each of the 100 items. Recall varied from near-zero to near-perfect across the combinations of items and trials, thereby allowing investigators to choose combinations of items and trials that will produce any desired range of recall difficulty. Substantial improvements in recall of the items occurred across study-test trials, and therefore the items seem suitable both for investigations of the effect of acquisition variables and for most of the other goals that are satisfied by laboratory paired-associate items. PMID:7584298

Nelson, T O; Dunlosky, J

1994-09-01

369

Current status of patient recall in U.S. predoctoral dental school clinics.  

PubMed

The Commission on Dental Accreditation (CODA)'s revised standard 2-23, which went into effect in July 2013, requires U.S. dental graduates to be competent in "evaluation of the outcomes of treatment, recall strategies, and prognosis." To assess the way dental schools are implementing this revised recommendation, a survey was conducted to assess the existence of recall systems in the schools' clinics and factors enhancing or hindering the formation of an effective recall system. Surveys were returned from thirty-five dental schools (54.7 percent response rate). Results showed that most institutions had active recall systems and the respondents believed that program effectiveness can be further improved. Suggested improvements included patient education and tracking patient recall appointments. The results indicate that recall systems exist in predoctoral dental education programs, have high student involvement, and vary among schools. PMID:25281670

Afshari, Fatemeh S; Schelkopf, Stuart; Yuan, Judy Chia-Chun; Marinis, Aristotelis; Syros, George; Campbell, Stephen D; Sukotjo, Cortino

2014-10-01

370

Does verbatim sentence recall underestimate the language competence of near-native speakers?  

PubMed Central

Verbatim sentence recall is widely used to test the language competence of native and non-native speakers since it involves comprehension and production of connected speech. However, we assume that, to maintain surface information, sentence recall relies particularly on attentional resources, which differentially affects native and non-native speakers. Since even in near-natives language processing is less automatized than in native speakers, processing a sentence in a foreign language plus retaining its surface may result in a cognitive overload. We contrasted sentence recall performance of German native speakers with that of highly proficient non-natives. Non-natives recalled the sentences significantly poorer than the natives, but performed equally well on a cloze test. This implies that sentence recall underestimates the language competence of good non-native speakers in mixed groups with native speakers. The findings also suggest that theories of sentence recall need to consider both its linguistic and its attentional aspects.

Schweppe, Judith; Barth, Sandra; Ketzer-Nöltge, Almut; Rummer, Ralf

2015-01-01

371

The Multimedia activity recall for children and adolescents (MARCA): development and evaluation  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Self-report recall questionnaires are commonly used to measure physical activity, energy expenditure and time use in children and adolescents. However, self-report questionnaires show low to moderate validity, mainly due to inaccuracies in recalling activity in terms of duration and intensity. Aside from recall errors, inaccuracies in estimating energy expenditure from self-report questionnaires are compounded by a lack of data

Kate Ridley; Tim S Olds; Alison Hill

2006-01-01

372

Gender differences in preschool children’s recall of competitive and noncompetitive computer mathematics games  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigated whether competitive and noncompetitive educational mathematics computer games influence four? to seven?year?old boys’ and girls’ recall of game?playing experience. A qualitative analysis was performed to investigate what preschool children may have learned through their selective recall of game?playing experience. A difference emerged in six? to seven?year?old boys’ and girls’ recall after playing a competitive computer mathematics game,

Katherine Grace Hendrix

2009-01-01

373

Word length and age influences on forward and backward immediate serial recall  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present research is aimed at understanding the processes involved in short-term memory and how they interact with age.\\u000a Specifically, word length effects were examined under forward serial recall, backward serial recall, and item recognition\\u000a tasks, with performance being interpreted within an item-order theoretical framework. The interaction of age, word length,\\u000a and direction of recall was examined in two experiments,

Rosemary Baker; Gerald Tehan; Hannah Tehan

374

Recall performance, plasma cortisol and plasma norepinephrine in normal human subjects  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigated hypothalamic–pituitary–adrenal (HPA)-axis and sympathetic nervous system (SNS) correlates of recall performance in normal human subjects. Twenty-two normal human subjects were given one memory task: short-term recall of unrelated non-organizable lists of neutral words, in immediate recall conditions. Two types of memory were individualized: measures reflecting effortful processing and measures reflecting automatic processing, which were related to 3

Karel J Bemelmans; Jaap G Goekoop; Roel de Rijk; Godfried M. J van Kempen

2003-01-01

375

TOTAL DIET STUDY  

EPA Science Inventory

The Total Diet Study (TDS), sometimes called the Market Basket Study, is an ongoing FDA program that determines levels of various pesticide residues, contaminants, and nutrients in foods, for the purpose of estimating intakes of these substances in representative diets of specifi...

376

Diet and Exercise  

MedlinePLUS

... aware of the important role of a healthy diet and exercise plan in healing. Prior to your discharge from the ... you can ask for help in developing a plan that fits your needs, likes and dislikes. Diet After a Transplant After your transplant, you will ...

377

Diet Therapy Specialist.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This four-volume student text is intended for use in training Air Force diet therapy specialists. The first volume, a study guide and workbook for self-directed instruction, covers nutrition, food processing and preparation, therapeutic diets, security precautions in medical food service, procedures for ordering equipment and supplies, food…

Air Force Training Command, Sheppard AFB, TX.

378

Fluoride in diet  

MedlinePLUS

Diet - fluoride ... bones and teeth. Too much fluoride in the diet is very rare. Rarely, infants who get too ... The Food and Nutrition Board at the Institute of Medicine recommends the following dietary intake for fluoride: Infants 0 - 6 months: 0.01 ...

379

Iron in diet  

MedlinePLUS

Diet - iron ... the body. Treatment consists of a low-iron diet, no iron supplements, and phlebotomy (blood removal) on ... The Food and Nutrition Board at the Institute of Medicine recommends the following: Infants and children Younger than 6 months: 0.27 milligrams ...

380

Food and nutrient intake, nutritional knowledge and diet-related attitudes in European adolescents  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background and objective:To provide an overview of methods used to assess food and nutrient intake, nutritional knowledge and diet-related attitudes in the Healthy Lifestyle in Europe by Nutrition in Adolescence Cross-Sectional Study (HELENA-CSS), with selected results from the feasibility study.Material and Methods:To assess food intake in 13- to 16-year-old adolescents, a previously developed computer-assisted and self-administered 24-h recall was adapted

M Kersting; W Sichert-Hellert; C A Vereecken; J Diehl; L Béghin; S De Henauw; E Grammatikaki; Y Manios; M I Mesana; A Papadaki; K Phillipp; M Plada; E Poortvliet; S Sette

2008-01-01

381

A Nationwide Recall on Possibly Diseased Body Parts  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston has issued a nationwide recall of an unknown number of body parts shipped to approximately 60 academic institutions, teaching hospitals, and clinics between November 2000 and May 2002. Due to poor record keeping, officials at the Texas medical school have been unable to determine if the body parts had been tested for hepatitis B, hepatitis C, and HIV. The university has fired Allen Tyler Jr., the person who was in charge of the medical school's Willed Bodies Program, and has temporarily halted the transfer of cadavers to other programs. The Galveston center's program is the only one in Texas that accepts bodies from the state prison, and according to Melinda Mora, manager of the Willed Body Program at Southwestern Medical Center in Dallas, the risk of disease is greater in Galveston because HIV, hepatitis B, and hepatitis C occur at a higher rate in prisons than in the general population. This recall has been the latest mix that has shaken Galveston's medical center since it was revealed last month that Mr. Tyler may have sold donated body parts willed to the institution for personal profit. Ashes of cremated bodies were allegedly commingled so that grieving families received ashes from various bodies, not just their loved ones. The FBI is currently investigating the allegations against Mr. Tyler, and a number of civil lawsuits have been filed. For more information regarding this story, users may access the first four news links above. Users interested in Galveston's medical program may access the fifth link, which leads to the University of Texas Medical Center's home page.

Green, Marcia.

2002-01-01

382

Examining competing hypotheses for the effects of diagrams on recall for text.  

PubMed

Supplementing text-based learning materials with diagrams typically increases students' free recall and cued recall of the presented information. In the present experiments, we examined competing hypotheses for why this occurs. More specifically, although diagrams are visual, they also serve to repeat information from the text they accompany. Both visual presentation and repetition are known to aid students' recall of information. To examine to what extent diagrams aid recall because they are visual or repetitive (or both), we had college students in two experiments (n = 320) read a science text about how lightning storms develop before completing free-recall and cued-recall tests over the presented information. Between groups, we manipulated the format and repetition of target pieces of information in the study materials using a 2 (visual presentation of target information: diagrams present vs. diagrams absent) × 2 (repetition of target information: present vs. absent) between-participants factorial design. Repetition increased both the free recall and cued recall of target information, and this occurred regardless of whether that repetition was in the form of text or a diagram. In contrast, the visual presentation of information never aided free recall. Furthermore, visual presentation alone did not significantly aid cued recall when participants studied the materials once before the test (Experiment 1) but did when they studied the materials twice (Experiment 2). Taken together, the results of the present experiments demonstrate the important role of repetition (i.e., that diagrams repeat information from the text) over the visual nature of diagrams in producing the benefits of diagrams for recall. PMID:24874510

Ortegren, Francesca R; Serra, Michael J; England, Benjamin D

2014-05-30

383

Risk Assessment-Based Individualized Treatment (RABIT): a comprehensive approach to dental patient recall.  

PubMed

Patient recall should be a tool to support prevention, allow early intervention, and ensure long-term dental health. Although the concept of patient-customized recall intervals has increased in popularity, recommendations vary significantly. Concepts of risk assessment-derived recalls are described in the literature separately for caries, periodontal disease, and edentulism, but no published guidelines exist for creating patient-centered recall systems that integrate all risks. Further, no recommendations exist regarding oral cancer risk assessment and recall intervals. The evidence shows that recall intervals of less than twelve months do not impact stage and tumor size at diagnosis although increasing this interval may significantly affect the outcome. The typical approach to recall scheduling is that the interval before the next oral health review should be chosen when no further treatment is indicated or on completion of a specific treatment journey. This article advocates a modified approach that supports individualized risk-based recall schedules not only after active therapy is completed but also during the course of treatment. The design of individualized recall schedules would address a patient's risk for caries and periodontal disease and the need to perform periodic oral cancer screenings. Evidence is also presented regarding the timing of recalls for edentulous patients. This article describes design principles for a Risk Assessment-Based Individualized Treatment (RABIT) system, presents an example of an electronic health record (EHR) recall module implemented at one dental school, and identifies barriers to implementation. As EHRs become more prevalent in dental practice, it is expected that the software industry and the profession will collaborate to include RABIT-like concepts in software management packages. PMID:23576590

Teich, Sorin T

2013-04-01

384

The Role of Visuo-Spatial Abilities in Recall of Spatial Descriptions: A Mediation Model  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research investigates how visuo-spatial abilities (such as mental rotation--MR--and visuo-spatial working memory--VSWM--) work together to influence the recall of environmental descriptions. We tested a mediation model in which VSWM was assumed to mediate the relationship between MR and spatial text recall. First, 120 participants were…

Meneghetti, Chiara; De Beni, Rossana; Pazzaglia, Francesca; Gyselinck, Valerie

2011-01-01

385

Collecting retrospective data: Accuracy of recall after 50 years judged against historical records  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent interest in a lifecourse perspective on health inequalities will rekindle concerns about the accuracy of retrospective data. The present paper demonstrates that recalled information on some types of social circumstances can be obtained with a useful degree of accuracy using an interview technique which helps to minimize recall bias. Lifegrid information about social circumstances during their youth and childhood

L. R. Berney; D. B. Blane

1997-01-01

386

Recall of Details Never Experienced: Effects of Age, Repetition, and Semantic Cues  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To test theoretical predictions about the role of meaning connections in false memory, the effects of semantic cues and list repetition on children's false memories were evaluated across early childhood to mid-adolescence using the Deese-Roediger-McDermott (DRM) paradigm. True recall and false recall increased from 7 to 13 years. Study list…

Holliday, Robyn E.; Reyna, Valerie F.; Brainerd, Charles J.

2008-01-01

387

The Role of Sentence Recall in Reading and Language Skills of Children with Learning Difficulties  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present study explores the relationship between sentence recall and reading and language skills in a group of 7--11-year-old children with learning difficulties. While recent studies have found that performance on sentence recall tasks plays a role in learning, it is possible that this contribution is a reflection of shared resources with…

Alloway, Tracy Packiam; Gathercole, Susan Elizabeth

2005-01-01

388

1 Memory Retrieval The same memory can be recalled or not depending on..?  

E-print Network

, not stored in their own little separate storage boxes. Example: Bartlett's "War of the Ghosts" (1932) ­ weird list: banana, car, orange, daisy, truck, rose. Free recall list: most S's will say, banana, orange, car, truck, daisy rose. 1 2 3 4 5 Trial 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 Free Recall Gershberg & Shimamura

O'Reilly, Randall C.

389

Differentiating SLI from ADHD Using Children's Sentence Recall and Production of Past Tense Morphology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Measures of sentence recall and past tense marking were used to examine the similarities and differences between children with Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), children with specific language impairment (SLI), and typically developing (TD) children. Both SLI and ADHD group means for sentence recall tasks were significantly lower…

Redmond, Sean M.

2005-01-01

390

Scoring Recalls for L2 Readers of English in China: Pausal or Idea Units  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Written recall may be a powerful tool used to address reading deficiencies in China. With 180 students enrolled in a third-year English class at a large university in northeastern China, the present investigation studies the relationship between pausal and idea units used to codify written recalls, and it investigates whether the strength of the…

Brantmeier, Cindy; Strube, Michael; Yu, Xiucheng

2014-01-01

391

Incidental recall on WAIS-R digit symbol discriminates Alzheimer's and Parkinson's diseases.  

PubMed

The purpose of this study was to examine how Alzheimer's (n = 37) and Parkinson's (n = 21) patients perform on the incidental recall adaptation to the Digit Symbol of the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale-Revised (WAIS-R) and how such performance is related to established cognitive efficiency and memory measures. This adaptation requires the examinee to complete the entire subtest and then, without warning, to immediately recall the symbols associated with each number. Groups did not differ significantly on standard Digit Symbol administration (90 seconds), but on recall Parkinson's patients recalled significantly more symbols and symbol-number pairs than Alzheimer's patients. Using only the number of symbols recalled, discriminate function analysis correctly classified 76% of these patients. Correlations between age-corrected scaled score, symbols incidentally recalled, and established measures of cognitive efficiency and memory provided evidence of convergent and divergent validity. Age-corrected scaled scores were more consistently and strongly related to cognitive efficiency, whereas symbols recalled were more consistently and strongly related to memory measures. These findings suggest that the Digit Symbol recall adaptation is actually assessing memory and that it can be another useful way to detect memory impairment. PMID:11241368

Demakis, G J; Sawyer, T P; Fritz, D; Sweet, J J

2001-03-01

392

21 CFR 810.17 - Termination of a cease distribution and notification or mandatory recall order.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

21 Food and Drugs 8 2010-04-01 2010-04-01...notification or mandatory recall order. 810.17 Section 810.17 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT...notification or mandatory recall order. (a) The person...

2010-04-01

393

21 CFR 810.15 - Communications concerning a cease distribution and notification or mandatory recall order.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

21 Food and Drugs 8 2011-04-01 2011-04-01...notification or mandatory recall order. 810.15 Section 810.15 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT...notification or mandatory recall order. (a) General....

2011-04-01

394

21 CFR 810.17 - Termination of a cease distribution and notification or mandatory recall order.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

21 Food and Drugs 8 2011-04-01 2011-04-01...notification or mandatory recall order. 810.17 Section 810.17 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT...notification or mandatory recall order. (a) The person...

2011-04-01

395

21 CFR 810.15 - Communications concerning a cease distribution and notification or mandatory recall order.  

21 Food and Drugs 8 2014-04-01 2014-04-01...notification or mandatory recall order. 810.15 Section 810.15 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT...notification or mandatory recall order. (a) General....

2014-04-01

396

21 CFR 810.15 - Communications concerning a cease distribution and notification or mandatory recall order.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

21 Food and Drugs 8 2010-04-01 2010-04-01...notification or mandatory recall order. 810.15 Section 810.15 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT...notification or mandatory recall order. (a) General....

2010-04-01

397

21 CFR 810.17 - Termination of a cease distribution and notification or mandatory recall order.  

21 Food and Drugs 8 2014-04-01 2014-04-01...notification or mandatory recall order. 810.17 Section 810.17 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT...notification or mandatory recall order. (a) The person...

2014-04-01

398

Sexual behaviour in aids?related research: Reliability and validity of recall and diary measures  

Microsoft Academic Search

In order to assess the reliability and validity of two data collection instruments for measuring sexual practices in homosexual men, we administered a recall data collection instrument to 30 sexually active men, and a diary instrument to a subset of 19 participants. Each instrument covered a period of one month. For the recall instrument, the correlation coefficients between the test?retest

Brian Oldenburg; Michael W. Ross; David A. Cooper

1990-01-01

399

An Examination of the Influence of Clicker Technology on College Student Involvement and Recall  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Educators in a variety of disciplines have used clicker technology to engage college students in the learning process. This study investigated the influence of clicker technology on student recall and student involvement in higher education. Student Involvement Theory was used to inform and guide this research. Student recall was evaluated using…

Vaterlaus, J. Mitch; Beckert, Troy E.; Fauth, Elizabeth B.; Teemant, Boyd

2012-01-01

400

Radiation recall phenomenon secondary to capecitabine: possible role of thymidine phosphorylase  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: The first reported case of radiation (XRT) recall related to capecitabine described dermatitis in a previously radiated field in a breast cancer patient (Ortman; JCO). We previously reported the first case of recall syndrome manifesting as diffuse gastritis and duodenitis related to capecitabine with prior XRT with 5-FU in a pancreatic cancer patient (Saif; JARCET). We report here another

Muhammad Wasif Saif; Glenda Black; Martin Johnson; Suzanne Russo; Robert Diasio

2006-01-01

401

21 CFR 107.220 - Scope and effect of infant formula recalls.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

21 Food and Drugs 2 2010-04-01...2010-04-01 false Scope and effect of infant formula recalls...Section 107.220 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION...107.220 Scope and effect of infant formula recalls...1) When the Food and Drug Administration...

2010-04-01

402

21 CFR 107.220 - Scope and effect of infant formula recalls.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

21 Food and Drugs 2 2012-04-01...2012-04-01 false Scope and effect of infant formula recalls...Section 107.220 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION...107.220 Scope and effect of infant formula recalls...1) When the Food and Drug Administration...

2012-04-01

403

21 CFR 107.220 - Scope and effect of infant formula recalls.  

21 Food and Drugs 2 2014-04-01...2014-04-01 false Scope and effect of infant formula recalls...Section 107.220 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION...107.220 Scope and effect of infant formula recalls...1) When the Food and Drug Administration...

2014-04-01

404

21 CFR 107.220 - Scope and effect of infant formula recalls.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

21 Food and Drugs 2 2013-04-01...2013-04-01 false Scope and effect of infant formula recalls...Section 107.220 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION...107.220 Scope and effect of infant formula recalls...1) When the Food and Drug Administration...

2013-04-01

405

21 CFR 107.220 - Scope and effect of infant formula recalls.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

21 Food and Drugs 2 2011-04-01...2011-04-01 false Scope and effect of infant formula recalls...Section 107.220 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION...107.220 Scope and effect of infant formula recalls...1) When the Food and Drug Administration...

2011-04-01

406

Revisiting the rise and fall of false recall: presentation rate effects depend on retention interval.  

PubMed

Leading theories of false memory predict that veridical and false recall of lists of semantically associated words can be dissociated by varying the presentation speed during study. Specifically, as presentation rate increases from milliseconds to seconds, veridical recall is predicted to increase monotonically while false recall is predicted to show a rapid rise and then a slow decrease--a pattern shown by McDermott and Watson (2001) in a study using immediate recall tests. In three experiments we tested the generality of the effects of rapid presentation rates on veridical and false memory. In Experiments 1 and 2 participants exhibited high levels of false recall on a delayed recall test, even for very fast stimulus onset asynchronies (SOA)--contrary to predictions from leading theories of false memory. When we switched to an immediate recall test in Experiment 3 we replicated the pattern predicted by the theories and observed by McDermott and Watson. Follow-up analyses further showed that the relative output position of false recalls is not affected by presentation rate, contrary to predictions from fuzzy trace theory. Implications for theories of false memory, including activation monitoring theory and fuzzy trace theory, are discussed. PMID:22639939

Smith, Troy A; Kimball, Daniel R

2012-01-01

407

21 CFR 107.260 - Revision of an infant formula recall.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Revision of an infant formula recall. 107.260 Section 107.260 Food and...CONTINUED) FOOD FOR HUMAN CONSUMPTION INFANT FORMULA Infant Formula Recalls § 107.260 Revision of an infant...

2013-04-01

408

21 CFR 107.260 - Revision of an infant formula recall.  

...2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Revision of an infant formula recall. 107.260 Section 107.260 Food and...CONTINUED) FOOD FOR HUMAN CONSUMPTION INFANT FORMULA Infant Formula Recalls § 107.260 Revision of an infant...

2014-04-01

409

21 CFR 107.260 - Revision of an infant formula recall.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Revision of an infant formula recall. 107.260 Section 107.260 Food and...CONTINUED) FOOD FOR HUMAN CONSUMPTION INFANT FORMULA Infant Formula Recalls § 107.260 Revision of an infant...

2012-04-01

410

21 CFR 107.260 - Revision of an infant formula recall.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Revision of an infant formula recall. 107.260 Section 107.260 Food and...CONTINUED) FOOD FOR HUMAN CONSUMPTION INFANT FORMULA Infant Formula Recalls § 107.260 Revision of an infant...

2011-04-01

411

Adaptation of Interpersonal Process Recall and a Theory of Educating for the Improvement of College Instruction.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An adapted form of interpersonal process recall (IPR) and a theory of educating are described. IPR, which was originally conceived as a method for interpersonal counseling, may help college teachers improve their instruction, based on the conceptual framework derived from D. B. Gowin's (1981) theory of educating. The adapted recall technique…

Taylor-Way, David G.

412

78 FR 78321 - Early Warning Reporting, Foreign Defect Reporting, and Motor Vehicle and Equipment Recall...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...agency's Web site for purposes of learning recall information about the...ADDRESSES: The meeting will be an online web meeting available at https...agency's Web site for purposes of learning vehicle recall information...public meeting will be hosted online at...

2013-12-26

413

TinyLex: Static N-Gram Index Pruning with Perfect Recall Derrick Coetzee  

E-print Network

TinyLex: Static N-Gram Index Pruning with Perfect Recall Derrick Coetzee Microsoft Research of characters (n-grams) as terms provide an error-resilient and language-independent way to query for arbitrary of recall. Taking advantage of the unique inclusion structure of n-gram terms of different lengths, we show

California at Berkeley, University of

414

The Influence of Task Instruction and Lab Data Format on Clinical Case Recall.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the present study, task instruction and lab data format were manipulated to explain the discrepancy between the positive linear recall function with expertise (reported by van de Wiel and others, 1993), and the generally found intermediate effect in clinical case recall. Sixteen second-year medical students, 16 fourth-year students, and 16…

van de Wiel, Margaretha W. J.; And Others

415

Children's Recall and Motivation for an Environmental Education Video with Supporting Pedagogical Materials  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined recall (Rcl) differences of high, average and low achieving fifth-grade elementary students (72) for an environmental education video with supporting pedagogical materials. In addition, it assessed the motivational level of all students. Recall assessment was carried out one-week and twenty-weeks after intervention. Main…

Viteri, Fátima; Clarebout, Geraldine; Crauwels, Marion

2014-01-01

416

Can Young Children Be More Accurate Predictors of Their Recall Performance?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Preschoolers persistently predict that they will perform better than they actually can perform on a picture recall task. The current investigation sought to explore a condition under which young children might be able to improve their predictive accuracy. Namely, children were asked to predict their recall twice for the same set of items.…

Lipko-Speed, Amanda R.

2013-01-01

417

Optimizing Design Efficiency of Free Recall Events for fMRI  

E-print Network

free recall latency distributions to generate simulated fMRI datasets and assessed design effi- ciencyU ncorrected Proof Optimizing Design Efficiency of Free Recall Events for fMRI Ilke Ã?ztekin, Nicole with func- tional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI). We used both theo- retically and empirically derived

Badre, David

418

Does Background Music Really Help Radio Commercials? The Effect of Involvement on Ad Recall  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study tested the effects of background music on the recall of radio commercials. Free and aided recall were significantly higher for subjects who heard the commercials containing no background music in the talk program compared to that of subjects hearing the commercials containing no background music in the music program. Furthermore, involvement level appears to be a factor in

Andrew Sharma

2011-01-01

419

Clustering and Expertise in a Recall Task: The Effect of Item Organization Criteria  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present study investigates the hypothesis that the traditional positive relationship between expertise and item organization during recall depends on the degree of domain-relevance of the criteria used to assess item organization. The hypothesis was tested on a beverage list recall task by comparing experienced waiters, beginner waiters and…

Huet, Nathalie; Marine, Claudette

2005-01-01

420

Diet-induced weight loss has chronic tissue-specific effects on glucocorticoid metabolism in overweight postmenopausal women.  

PubMed

Background/Objectives:Tissue-specific glucocorticoid metabolism is altered in obesity, and may increase cardiovascular risk. This dysregulation is normalized by short-term calorie restriction and weight loss, an effect that varies with dietary macronutrient composition. However, tissue-specific glucocorticoid metabolism has not been studied during long-term (>6 months) dietary interventions. Therefore our aim was to test whether long-term dietary interventions, either a paleolithic-type diet (PD) or a diet according to Nordic nutrition recommendations (NNR) could normalize tissue-specific glucocorticoid metabolism in overweight and obese women.Subjects/Methods:Forty-nine overweight/obese postmenopausal women were randomized to a paleolithic diet or a diet according to NNR for 24 months. At baseline, 6 and 24 months anthropometric measurements, insulin sensitivity, excretion of urinary glucocorticoid metabolites in 24-hour collections, conversion of orally administered cortisone to plasma cortisol and transcript levels of 11? hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 1 (11?HSD1) in subcutaneous adipose tissue were studied.Results:Both diet groups achieved significant and sustained weight loss. Weight loss with the PD was greater than on NNR diet after 6 months (P<0.001) but similar at 24 months. Urinary measurement of 5?-reductase activity was increased after 24 months in both groups compared with baseline (P<0.001). Subcutaneous adipose tissue 11?HSD1 gene expression decreased at 6 and 24 months in both diet groups (P=0.036). Consistent with increased liver 11?HSD1, conversion of oral cortisone to cortisol increased at 6 months (P=0.023) but was unchanged compared with baseline by 24 months.Conclusions:Long-term weight loss in postmenopausal women has tissue-specific and time-dependent effects on glucocorticoid metabolism. This may alter local-tissue cortisol exposure contributing to improved metabolic function during weight loss.International Journal of Obesity advance online publication, 25 November 2014; doi:10.1038/ijo.2014.188. PMID:25349058

Stomby, A; Simonyte, K; Mellberg, C; Ryberg, M; Stimson, R H; Larsson, C; Lindahl, B; Andrew, R; Walker, B R; Olsson, T

2014-10-28

421

Nutrition and Diet  

MedlinePLUS

... Psychological Services Social Services Outreach Sponsorship Provider List Support Groups Other organizations: Painted Turtle ICF Make-A-Wish Perspectives Newsletter Translated brochures Relevant Links Nutrition and Diet Nutritional deficiencies are common in thalassemia, due to hemolytic ...

422

Are Detox Diets Safe?  

MedlinePLUS

... bodies process those toxins through organs like the liver and kidneys and eliminate them in the form of sweat, urine, and feces. Although detox diet theories have not been proven scientifically, the ...

423

Protein in diet  

MedlinePLUS

... basic structure of protein is a chain of amino acids. You need protein in your diet to help ... Protein foods are broken down into parts called amino acids during digestion. The human body needs a number ...

424

Diet and cancer  

MedlinePLUS

Fiber and cancer; Cancer and fiber; Nitrates and cancer; Cancer and nitrates ... Diet and Breast Cancer Extra body weight and weight gain are clearly linked to increased risk for women developing breast cancer after menopause. ...

425

Diarrhea in children - diet  

MedlinePLUS

... causes, including: Antibiotics Consuming too much fruit or fruit juice Food sensitivity Illness Infection Diet: What the child ... and vegetables sometimes help create more solid stool. Fruit juices can loosen stool. For some children, a return ...

426

High-Protein Diets  

MedlinePLUS

... protein diets de-emphasize high-carbohydrate, high-fiber plant foods. These foods help lower cholesterol when eaten ... in Women 6 Low Blood Pressure 7 Shoveling Snow Health Hazards 8 Warning Signs of a Heart ...

427

Magnesium in diet  

MedlinePLUS

Diet - magnesium ... Magnesium is needed for more than 300 biochemical reactions in the body. It helps to maintain normal ... There is ongoing research into the role of magnesium in preventing and managing disorders such as high ...

428

Diet and Kidney Stones  

MedlinePLUS

... make changes to the amount of salt (sodium), calcium, oxalate, protein, citrate, potassium and fluid in your diet. ... I need to avoid foods high in oxalate? Calcium oxalate kidney stones are the leading type of kidney ...

429

Trait and neurobiological correlates of individual differences in dream recall and dream content.  

PubMed

Individuals differ greatly in their dream recall frequency, in their incidence of recalling types of dreams, such as nightmares, and in the content of their dreams. This chapter reviews work on the waking life correlates of these differences between people in their experience of dreaming and reviews some of the neurobiological correlates of these individual differences. The chapter concludes that despite there being trait-like aspects of general dream recall and of dream content, very few psychometrically assessed correlates for dream recall frequency and dream content have been found. More successful has been the investigation of correlates of frequency of particular types of dreams, such as nightmares and lucid dreams, and also of how waking-life experience is associated with dream content. There is also potential in establishing neurobiological correlates of individual differences in dream recall and dream content, and recent work on this is reviewed. PMID:20870067

Blagrove, Mark; Pace-Schott, Edward F

2010-01-01

430

Diet and Health  

PubMed Central

The role of diet in personal health maintenance is important whether a person is trying to stay healthy or to treat diet-related diseases such as hypercholesterolemia, hypertension, diabetes mellitus or obesity. Dietary recommendations include limiting fat to 30% and protein to 20% of total calories, with the remaining 50% coming from carbohydrate. Maintaining dietary changes for long periods is very difficult for many persons. Specific self-management skills may ease the task. PMID:6523862

Gotto, Antonio M.; Scott, Lynne W.; Foreyt, John P.

1984-01-01

431

Diet quality concept.  

PubMed

The term diet quality has recently gained considerable attention in nutritional research. Despite widespread use, it is often poorly defined and remains difficult to measure. Confusion surrounds the term, as there is no consensus on how to define quality of the diet or to pin down a framework for producing a standard indicator. The composite and cut-off selection of most diet quality indices depend on investigator choices in line with research objectives. In addition to the frequently used dietary compliance-based approach, innovative approaches have emerged to construct diet quality indices based on antioxidant and anti-inflammatory profiles of diet. Different viewpoints and overlapping interests may yield different interpretations. Most of the unresolved issues are related directly or indirectly to the multidimensional and open-textured nature of the concept. This review aims to elucidate several debated key points to understand the reasons behind this confusion and address the complexity of how to define and quantify this concept. A standardized and well-defined framework of diet quality is of great importance for both consumers and scientists from different disciplines. PMID:24800663

Alkerwi, Ala'a

2014-06-01

432

Fungi associated with drug recalls and rare disease outbreaks.  

PubMed

Fungi rarely cause disease outbreaks associated with use of microbe-contaminated drugs. These rare episodes typically involve a restricted spectrum of common environmental species with relatively low virulence, rather than classical pathogens. Review of data involving over-the-counter contact lens solutions and prescription drug-related recalls revealed six episodes during the past decade with significant adverse health and financial impact (including loss of vision and death). Contaminations involved fungi mostly identified with the genera Aspergillus, Exserohilum, Fusarium, Paecilomyces, and Rhizopus. These organisms are noted for their capacity to produce resistant morphotypes (chlamydoconidia, ascospores) under various adverse conditions, generally with temperature survival/tolerances markedly in excess of maximal growth temperatures. High constituent levels of melanin, trehalose and heat-shock proteins facilitate differential survival of morphotypes following exposures to toxic chemicals and temperatures above 80 °C. Adverse environmental factors that induce resistant morphotypes are suggested to occur more readily in situ than during in vitro testing. Rare unexplained, sporadic drug contamination episodes with select thermotolerant fungi may relate, in part, to resistant dormant stages. PMID:25173741

Ahearn, Donald G; Doyle Stulting, R

2014-11-01

433

Benefits of Accumulating Versus Diminishing Cues in Recall  

PubMed Central

Optimizing learning over multiple retrieval opportunities requires a joint consideration of both the probability and the mnemonic value of a successful retrieval. Previous research has addressed this trade-off by manipulating the schedule of practice trials, suggesting that a pattern of increasingly long lags—“expanding retrieval practice”—may keep retrievals successful while gradually increasing their mnemonic value (Landauer & Bjork, 1978). Here we explore the trade-off issue further using an analogous manipulation of cue informativeness. After being given an initial presentation of English-Iñupiaq word pairs, participants received practice trials across which letters of the target word were either accumulated (AC), diminished (DC), or always fully present. Diminishing cues yielded the highest performance on a final test of cued recall. Additional analyses suggest that AC practice promotes potent (effortful) retrieval at the cost of success, and DC practice promotes successful retrieval at the cost of potency. Experiment 2 revealed that the negative effects of AC practice can be partly ameliorated by providing feedback after each practice trial. PMID:21499516

Finley, Jason R.; Benjamin, Aaron S.; Hays, Matthew J.; Bjork, Robert A.; Kornell, Nate

2011-01-01

434

Postreactivation glucocorticoids impair recall of established fear memory.  

PubMed

Pavlovian fear conditioning provides one of the best rodent models of acquired anxiety disorders, including posttraumatic stress disorder. Injection of a variety of drugs after training in fear-conditioning paradigms can impair consolidation of fear memories. Indeed, early clinical trials suggest that immediate administration of such drugs after a traumatic event may decrease the risk of developing posttraumatic stress disorder in humans (Pitman et al., 2002; Vaiva et al., 2003). The use of such a treatment is limited by the difficulty of treating every patient at risk and by the difficulty in predicting which patients will experience chronic adverse consequences. Recent clinical trials suggest that administration of glucocorticoids may have a beneficial effect on established posttraumatic stress disorder (Aerni et al., 2004) and specific phobia (Soravia et al., 2006). Conversely, glucocorticoid administration after training is known to enhance memory consolidation (McGaugh and Roozendaal, 2002; Roozendaal, 2002). From a clinical perspective, enhancement of a fear memory or a reactivated fear memory would not be desirable. We report here that when glucocorticoids are administered immediately after reactivation of a contextual fear memory, subsequent recall is significantly diminished. Additional experiments support the interpretation that glucocorticoids not only decrease fear memory retrieval but, in addition, augment consolidation of fear memory extinction rather than decreasing reconsolidation. These findings provide a rodent model for a potential treatment of established acquired anxiety disorders in humans, as suggested by others (Aerni et al., 2004; Schelling et al., 2004), based on a mechanism of enhanced extinction. PMID:16971540

Cai, Wen-Hui; Blundell, Jacqueline; Han, Jie; Greene, Robert W; Powell, Craig M

2006-09-13

435

The Effect of Concurrent Semantic Categorization on Delayed Serial Recall  

PubMed Central

The influence of semantic processing on the serial ordering of items in short-term memory was explored using a novel dual-task paradigm. Subjects engaged in two picture judgment tasks while simultaneously performing delayed serial recall. List material varied in the presence of phonological overlap (Experiments 1 and 2) and in semantic content (concrete words in Experiment 1 and 3; nonwords in Experiments 2 and 3). Picture judgments varied in the extent to which they required accessing visual semantic information (i.e., semantic categorization and line orientation judgments). Results showed that, relative to line orientation judgments, engaging in semantic categorization judgments increased the proportion of item ordering errors for concrete lists but did not affect error proportions for nonword lists. Furthermore, although more ordering errors were observed for phonologically similar relative to dissimilar lists, no interactions were observed between the phonological overlap and picture judgment task manipulations. These results thus demonstrate that lexical-semantic representations can affect the serial ordering of items in short-term memory. Furthermore, the dual-task paradigm provides a new method for examining when and how semantic representations affect memory performance. PMID:21058880

Acheson, Daniel J.; MacDonald, Maryellen C.; Postle, Bradley R.

2010-01-01

436

Accuracy of dietary recall using the USDA five-step multiple-pass method in men: An observational validation study  

Microsoft Academic Search

ObjectiveThis observational validation study was conducted under controlled conditions to test the accuracy of dietary recall in normal weight, overweight, and obese men using the USDA five-step multiple-pass method for dietary recall.

Joan M. Conway; Linda A. Ingwersen; Alanna J. Moshfegh

2004-01-01

437

Recalled Aspects of Original Encoding Strategies Influence Episodic Feeling of Knowing  

PubMed Central

We tested the hypothesis that feeling of knowing (FOK) after a failed recall attempt is influenced by recalling aspects of the original encoding strategy. Individuals were instructed to use interactive imagery to encode unrelated word pairs. We manipulated item concreteness (abstract versus concrete) and item repetition at study (1 versus 3). Participants orally described the mediator produced immediately after studying each item, if any. After a delay they were given cued recall, made FOK ratings, and attempted to recall their original mediator. Concreteness and item repetition enhanced strategy recall, which had a large effect on FOKs. Controlling on strategy recall reduced the predictive validity of FOKs for recognition memory, indicating that access to original aspects of encoding influenced FOK accuracy. Confidence judgments (CJs) for correctly recognized items covaried with FOKs, but FOKs did not fully track strategy recall associations with CJs, suggesting emergent effects of strategy cues elicited by recognition tests not accessed at the time of the FOK judgment. In summary, cue-generated access to aspects of the original encoding strategy strongly influenced episodic FOK, although other influences are also implicated. PMID:23835601

Hertzog, Christopher; Fulton, Erika K.; Sinclair, Starlette M.; Dunlosky, John

2013-01-01

438

Associations between working memory, health literacy, and recall of the signs of stroke among older adults.  

PubMed

Stroke remains a major cause of mortality and disability among older adults. Although early treatment after stroke is known to reduce both mortality and disability, the first step in seeking early treatment is dependent on the rapid recognition of the signs of stroke. Recall of the signs of stroke may be dependent on factors that exist before the stroke itself. Although it is known that both working memory and health literacy decline with advancing age, these factors have not been thoroughly examined with respect to recall of the signs of stroke. Therefore, the purpose of the current study was to investigate associations between working memory, health literacy, and recall of the signs of stroke among older adults. Community dwelling older adults (?65 years of age) were recruited from two senior centers. Fifty-six participants meeting inclusion criteria provided demographic and health information and were asked to read a public service brochure listing the five warning signs of stroke. Working memory was then assessed using the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale 3rd Edition Working Memory Index. Health literacy was assessed by the Short Test of Functional Health Literacy in Adults. Participants' recall of the five warning signs of stroke was evaluated. The mean age was 80.4 years. The mean number of the signs of stroke recalled was 2.9 ± 1.33. Working memory and health literacy were positively correlated with recall of the signs of stroke (r = .38, p < 0.01; r = .44, p < 0.01). In a simultaneous regression, only health literacy remained a significant predictor of recall. There was no statistically significant interaction between working memory and health literacy. Findings from this study indicate that working memory and health literacy were associated with successful recall of the warning signs of stroke in older adults. Further studies are needed to determine if programs that include cognitive and literacy assessments could identify older adults who need additional support to learn and recall the signs of stroke. PMID:22955236

Ganzer, Christine A; Insel, Kathleen C; Ritter, Leslie S

2012-10-01

439

Effects of Related and Unrelated Context on Recall and Recognition by Adults with High-Functioning Autism Spectrum Disorder  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Memory in autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is characterised by greater difficulties with recall rather than recognition and with a diminished use of semantic or associative relatedness in the aid of recall. Two experiments are reported that test the effects of item-context relatedness on recall and recognition in adults with high-functioning ASD…

Bowler, Dermot M.; Gaigg, Sebastian B.; Gardiner, John M.

2008-01-01

440

Natural Selection: 2006 E. coli Recall of Fresh Spinach A Case Study by The Food Industry Center  

E-print Network

also helps illustrate the complexity of the food supply chain and the food recall process. A similar1 Natural Selection: 2006 E. coli Recall of Fresh Spinach A Case Study by The Food Industry Center. While every food recall is important and unique, the contamination of fresh spinach with the bacteria

Weiblen, George D

441

Do Vehicle Recalls Reduce the Number of Accidents? The Case of the U.S. Car Market  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The number of automobile recalls in the U.S. has increased sharply in the last two decades, and the numbers of units involved are often counted in the millions. In 2010 alone, over 20 million vehicles were recalled in the United States, and the massive recalls of full model lines by Toyota have brought this issue to the front pages around the…

Bae, Yong-Kyun; Benitez-Silva, Hugo

2011-01-01

442

9 CFR 390.10 - Availability of Lists of Retail Consignees during Meat or Poultry Product Recalls.  

...Availability of Lists of Retail Consignees during Meat or Poultry Product Recalls. 390.10...Availability of Lists of Retail Consignees during Meat or Poultry Product Recalls. The Administrator...locations of retail consignees of recalled meat or poultry products that the...

2014-01-01

443

The Effects of Strategic Notetaking on the Recall and Comprehension of Lecture Information for High School Students with Learning Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study examined the effects of strategic notetaking on the recall and comprehension of 26 high school students with learning disabilities or mild mental retardation. Students scored significantly higher on measures of immediate free recall, long-term free recall, comprehension, and number of notes recorded than controls. (Contains references.)…

Boyle, Joseph R.; Weishaar, Mary

2001-01-01

444

Diet and retarded growth.  

PubMed Central

The diets of 36 children below the third centile for height but with no organic disease were compared with the diets of a control group. In most cases retarded growth was associated with a long-continued deficiency in calorie intake. When the diets were reassessed about a year later the shortfall in calorie intake was significantly reduced. This improvement, which tended to be followed by an increase in the rate of growth in height, might have been due to alteration in the child's circumstances or improvement in the family attitudes and feeding habits or both. Advice given at the clinic is thought to have played a part in bringing these changes about. PMID:630213

Davis, D R; Apley, J; Fill, G; Grimaldi, C

1978-01-01

445

Iron and vegetarian diets.  

PubMed

Vegetarians who eat a varied and well balanced diet are not at any greater risk of iron deficiency anaemia than non-vegetarians. A diet rich in wholegrains, legumes, nuts, seeds, dried fruits, iron-fortified cereals and green leafy vegetables provides an adequate iron intake. Vitamin C and other organic acids enhance non-haem iron absorption, a process that is carefully regulated by the gut. People with low iron stores or higher physiological need for iron will tend to absorb more iron and excrete less. Research to date on iron absorption has not been designed to accurately measure absorption rates in typical Western vegetarians with low ferritin levels. PMID:25369923

Saunders, Angela V; Craig, Winston J; Baines, Surinder K; Posen, Jennifer S

2013-08-19

446

Jim Lovell Recalls Apollo 8 Launch Day - Duration: 1:11.  

NASA Video Gallery

Astronaut Jim Lovell, veteran of two Gemini flights as well as the legendary missions of Apollo 8 and Apollo 13, recalls his thoughts on launch day of Apollo 8 in 1968, when humans first left the E...

447

21 CFR 1270.43 - Retention, recall, and destruction of human tissue.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Retention, recall, and destruction of human tissue. 1270.43 Section 1270.43...ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) REGULATIONS...ADMINISTERED BY THE FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION HUMAN TISSUE INTENDED FOR TRANSPLANTATION...

2010-04-01

448

21 CFR 1270.43 - Retention, recall, and destruction of human tissue.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Retention, recall, and destruction of human tissue. 1270.43 Section 1270.43...ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) REGULATIONS...ADMINISTERED BY THE FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION HUMAN TISSUE INTENDED FOR TRANSPLANTATION...

2011-04-01

449

21 CFR 1270.43 - Retention, recall, and destruction of human tissue.  

...Retention, recall, and destruction of human tissue. 1270.43 Section 1270.43...ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) REGULATIONS...ADMINISTERED BY THE FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION HUMAN TISSUE INTENDED FOR TRANSPLANTATION...

2014-04-01

450

21 CFR 1270.43 - Retention, recall, and destruction of human tissue.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Retention, recall, and destruction of human tissue. 1270.43 Section 1270.43...ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) REGULATIONS...ADMINISTERED BY THE FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION HUMAN TISSUE INTENDED FOR TRANSPLANTATION...

2013-04-01

451

21 CFR 1270.43 - Retention, recall, and destruction of human tissue.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Retention, recall, and destruction of human tissue. 1270.43 Section 1270.43...ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) REGULATIONS...ADMINISTERED BY THE FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION HUMAN TISSUE INTENDED FOR TRANSPLANTATION...

2012-04-01

452

With Development, List Recall Includes More Chunks, Not Just Larger Ones  

PubMed Central

The nature of the childhood development of immediate recall has been difficult to determine. There could be a developmental increase in either the number of chunks held in working memory or the use of grouping to make the most of a constant capacity. In 3 experiments with children in the early elementary school years and adults, we show that improvements in the immediate recall of word and picture lists come partly from increases in the number of chunks of items retained in memory. This finding was based on a distinction between access to a studied group of items (i.e., recall of at least 1 item from the group) and completion of the accessed group (i.e., the proportion of the items recalled from the group). Access rates increased with age, even with statistical controls for completion rates, implicating development of capacity in chunks. PMID:20822227

Cowan, Nelson; Hismjatullina, Anna; AuBuchon, Angela M.; Saults, J. Scott; Horton, Neil; Leadbitter, Kathy; Towse, John

2011-01-01

453

21 CFR 107.200 - Food and Drug Administration-required recall.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...SERVICES (CONTINUED) FOOD FOR HUMAN CONSUMPTION INFANT FORMULA Infant Formula Recalls § 107.200 Food and Drug Administration-required...Administration determines that an adulterated or misbranded infant formula presents a risk to human health, a...

2010-04-01

454

Semantic and Acoustic Processing in Free and Cued Recall by Educable Mentally Retarded Adolescents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Investigated were the abilities of 98 educable mentally retarded adolescents to encode and retrieve words using semantic and acoustic cues in a free and cued recall task. Available from: Ablex Publishing Corporation, 355 Chestnut Street, Norwood, New Jersey 07648. (CL)

Mar, Harvey H.; Glidden, Laraine Masters

1977-01-01

455

78 FR 69793 - Voluntary Remedial Actions and Guidelines for Voluntary Recall Notices  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...provides that the Commission's Spanish translation of a press release should be used on...the Commission's discretion, such translations are necessary or appropriate to adequately...public. Such voluntary recall notice translations should be transmitted in the same...

2013-11-21

456

Joe Engle Recalls Legacy Of X-15 Testing at Dryden - Duration: 2:17.  

NASA Video Gallery

Retired Air Force test pilot and NASA astronaut Joe Engle recalled the legacy of the famed X-15 rocket plane recently during a colloquium at NASA's Dryden Flight Research Center. Engle, the only pe...

457

Mediterranean Diet and Metabolic Syndrome  

MedlinePLUS

... the lower right-hand corner of the player. Mediterranean Diet and Metabolic Syndrome HealthDay October 15, 2014 ... blood glucose levels. Now, researchers say following the Mediterranean diet may help reverse the syndrome. They included ...

458

Deal with Diets  

MedlinePLUS

... harmful to a person's health. Someone with an eating disorder needs medical treatment right away. Back Continue So How Can I ... on a Diet? Staying at a Healthy Weight Therapy and Weight Management Weight Loss Surgery Compulsive Exercise Eating Disorders Body Image and Self-Esteem Becoming a Vegetarian ...

459

Diet and Transplantation  

MedlinePLUS

... Do I still need to follow a low-salt diet? Most people still need to limit salt after they get a transplant, although it is ... your body to hold on to fluid, and salt makes this problem worse. Increased fluid in the ...

460

Diet History Questionnaire  

Cancer.gov

NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF HEALTH Diet History Questionnaire Today's date: MONTH DAY YEAR |___|___| 0 0 1 1 2 2 3 3 4 5 6 7 8 01 Jan 02 Feb 03 Mar 04 Apr 05 May 06 Jun 07 Jul 08 Aug 09 Sep 10 Oct 11 Nov 12

461

Mediterranean diet and health.  

PubMed

Over the last decades, a considerable body of evidence supported the hypothesis that diet and dietary factors play a relevant role in the occurrence of diseases. To date, all the major scientific associations as well as the World Health Organization and the nonscientific organizations place an ever-increasing emphasis on the role of diet in preventing noncommunicable diseases. Many studies have evaluated the associations between food groups, foods, or nutrients and chronic diseases, and a consensus about the role of nutritional factors in the etiology of common diseases, such as cardiovascular and neoplastic diseases, has gradually emerged. Indeed, data from analytical and experimental studies indicated a relation between increased consumption of some food categories such as fruits and vegetables, fiber and whole grains, fish, and moderate consumption of alcohol and reduced risk of major chronic degenerative diseases, whereas increased total caloric intake, body weight, meat, and fats are associated with greater risk. However, the appropriate dietary strategy to prevent chronic degenerative diseases remains a challenging and a highly relevant issue. Recently, Mediterranean diet has been extensively reported to be associated with a favorable health outcome and a better quality of life. In the present review, we encompass the updated evidence of the beneficial effects of Mediterranean diet in the occurrence of major chronic degenerative diseases. PMID:23553669

Sofi, Francesco; Macchi, Claudio; Abbate, Rosanna; Gensini, Gian Franco; Casini, Alessandro

2013-01-01

462

Demystifying Weight Loss Diets  

Microsoft Academic Search

For virtually every letter of the alphabet there is a diet book and the numbers are growing. It is becoming increasingly difficult for consumers to make sound choices among the various weight loss books with conflicting weight loss approaches. Embattled by the burden of escalating rates of obesity and limited successes with achieving long term weight loss in a slimness-revered

Jenice Rankins; Michelle S. Williams; Dykibra J. Montgomery; David B. Wilton

2006-01-01

463

Diet and Urolithiasis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Nephrolithiasis is a common disorder affecting approx 8–13% of the US population (1,2). After experiencing renal colic and\\/or treatment for urinary stones, nearly every patient expresses interest in diet and\\u000a specific dietary changes useful in lowering the risk for future stones.

William K. Johnston; Roger K. Low

464

Anti-Inflammatory Diet  

MedlinePLUS

... anti-inflammatory essen- tial fats. Organic free-range chicken tend to be lower in antibiotics and are fed a vegetable/grain based diet which tends to offer cleaner sources of protein. • Spices/herbs – Seasonings such as garlic, ginger and ...

465

Effects of Marijuana on Recall of Narrative Material and Stroop Colour-Word Performance  

Microsoft Academic Search

Two recent articles1,2 report that marijuana interferes with the recall of narrative material learned in either a drug or no drug state and recalled in the drug state, but the evaluation of the results is hampered by (1) the lack of specification of the Delta9-THC content of the marijuana cigarettes and (2) an absence of placebo controls. We have set

Loren Miller; W. G. Drew; GLENN F. KIPLINGER

1972-01-01

466

Yale study finds digital breast tomosynthesis cuts recall rates by 40 percent  

Cancer.gov

Adding digital breast tomosynthesis to 2D mammography screening results in a 40 percent reduction in patient recall rates compared to routine screening mammography alone, a new study shows. The study, conducted at Yale University School of Medicine in New Haven, Conn., of 7,578 screening mammograms, found that the recall rate was 6.6 percent for digital breast tomosynthesis plus 2D screening mammography. It was 11.1 percent for 2D screening mammography alone.

467

Dual Coding Theory and Chinese: Recall of Concrete and Abstract Sentences in Chinese-English Bilinguals  

E-print Network

DUAL CODING THEORY AND CHINESE: RECALL OF CONCRETE AND ABSTRACT SENTENCES IN CHINESE-ENGLISH BILINGUALS A Dissertation by TSUEI-FEN CHEN Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial... in Chinese-English Bilinguals Copyright August 2010 Tsuei-Fen Chen DUAL CODING THEORY AND CHINESE: RECALL OF CONCRETE AND ABSTRACT SENTENCES IN CHINESE-ENGLISH BILINGUALS A Dissertation by TSUEI-FEN CHEN Submitted to the Office...

Chen, Tsuei-Fen

2010-10-12

468

The role of sentence recall in reading and language skills of children with learning difficulties  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present study explores the relationship between sentence recall and reading and language skills in a group of 7–11-year-old children with learning difficulties. While recent studies have found that performance on sentence recall tasks plays a role in learning, it is possible that this contribution is a reflection of shared resources with working memory. In order to investigate whether sentence

Tracy Packiam Alloway; Susan Elizabeth Gathercole

2005-01-01

469