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1

Dietary intake measured from a self-administered, online 24-hour recall system compared with 4-day diet records in an adult US population.  

PubMed

The objective of this study was to compare nutrient intake of two 24-hour recalls collected using the Automated Self-Administered 24-Hour Dietary Recall to a 4-day food record. A convenience sample of university-affiliated adults was chosen because of the diverse population at this university. Ninety-three participants completed the 4-day record and were then prompted to complete two 24-hour recalls within 2 weeks after. Pearson correlation coefficients were calculated for nutrient intake and Healthy Eating Index 2005 (HEI-2005), a summary measure of diet quality. Nutrients and HEI-2005 were also divided into quartiles and percent agreement and ? values were calculated. Results indicated that mean nutrient intakes were similar across the recall and record. Pearson correlations comparing the record and recall ranged from 0.16 to 0.78; with most correlations being between 0.4 and 0.6. For quartiles of dietary intake, percent agreement was moderately high (62.6% to 79.8%), with low to moderate ? values (?=0.11 to 0.52). The 24-hour recall provided a good overall ranking of intake compared to a 4-day food record. Overall correlations and percent agreement were moderate across the nutrients and HEI-2005, suggesting that the 24-recalls may have been capturing different information than the food record in our population. Individual researchers will need to weigh the benefits of a more automated system, such as efficiency, against the potential loss of food item detail and potential need for larger sample sizes, for their particular study populations. PMID:22878341

Frankenfeld, Cara L; Poudrier, Jill K; Waters, Nigel M; Gillevet, Patrick M; Xu, Yang

2012-10-01

2

Caretaker-Child Interaction During Children's 24-hour Dietary Recalls  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective To describe patterns of caretaker-child communication during children's caretaker-assisted dietary recall interviews.Design Data are from transcriptions of audiotaped, caretaker-assisted, 24-hour dietary recalls. Statements were coded to provide quantified measures of caretaker-child interaction.Subjects\\/setting Thirty-four children aged 7 to 11 years who were enrolled (with their caretakers) at the San Diego site of the Olestra Post-marketing Surveillance Study.Statistical analyses Measures of

ELISA J SOBO; CHERYL L ROCK; MARIAN L NEUHOUSER; TAMARA L MACIEL; DIANNE NEUMARK-SZTAINER

2000-01-01

3

Quantifying portion sizes for selected snack foods and beverages in 24-hour dietary recalls  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to determine individual recall accuracy for selected snack foods and beverages using various measurement aids and to investigate the cognitive strategies associated with aid selection for snacks and beverages in a 24-hour recall. Individuals (n=202) estimated the amounts of snack foods and beverages consumed the previous day while watching a 30-minute videotaped television program.

Edgar Chambers; Bruce McGuire; Sandria Godwin; Margaret McDowell; Fran Vecchio

2000-01-01

4

Eight Self-Administered 24-hour Dietary Recalls Using the Internet are Feasible in African Americans and Caucasians: The Energetics Study  

PubMed Central

Background To support research and to provide dietitians with a strong foundation for nutrient-based counseling, there is a need for affordable automated 24-hour dietary recalls. Multiple days of intake, along with repeated reports over time, are needed to achieve stable indicators of individual intakes and to support evaluation of success in meeting dietary goals due to intra-individual intake variability. Little information has been published on subject responses, participation rates, and the perceived subject burden of repeated 24-hour recalls. Objective To determine the willingness of subjects to conduct eight 24-hour recalls via the internet. Design and Subjects/Setting 261 Caucasians and African Americans within 50 miles of UCLA participated in a study to validate a web-based, automated, self-administered 24-hour recall (DietDay). Subjects completed three DietDays at the study visits and another five on their own. The last two DietDays were completed one and two months after the final clinic visit. Subjects were notified by automatic email of the need for DietDay completion, and non-responders were pursued by personalized emails and phone calls. Results The perceived subject burden was minimal and, even after completing six recalls, 92% were willing to continue reporting their daily diets one and two months later. Caucasians had a slightly higher rate of return, with 94% completing all eight recalls, compared to 91% of African American subjects. Participants were able to access the internet in their homes, offices, library, or homes of friends or family. It is also of interest that 82% of subjects believed the 24-hour recall was superior to a diet history in reflecting their normal diet. This opens up new opportunities for dietitians to strengthen their nutritional counseling in an efficient and affordable manner without additional time investment. PMID:20497774

Arab, Lenore; Wesseling-Perry, Kate; Jardack, Patricia; Henry, Judith; Winter, Ashley

2010-01-01

5

Accuracy by meal component of fourth-graders’ school lunch recalls is less when obtained during a 24-hour recall than as a single meal  

Microsoft Academic Search

This retrospective analysis compared accuracy by meal component of fourth-graders’ school lunch recalls (Study 1) to the school lunch portion of 24-hour recalls (Study 2). For Study 1, 148 children were randomly selected, observed eating school lunch, and interviewed about lunch the previous day. For Study 2, 104 children were randomly selected, observed eating school breakfast and school lunch, and

Suzanne Domel Baxter; William O Thompson

2002-01-01

6

Reliability and Predictive Validity of Caloric Intake Measures from the 24-Hour Dietary Recalls of Homebound Older Adults  

PubMed Central

24-hour dietary recalls are used frequently to study homebound older adults’ eating behaviors. However, the reliability and predictive validity of this method have not been established in this population. The purpose of this study is to examine whether homebound older adults provide reliable and valid measures of total caloric intake in 24-hour dietary recalls. 230 homebound older adults were interviewed in their homes using a questionnaire to assess eating behaviors and factors that could affect those behaviors. Participants completed three 24-hour dietary recalls at baseline and again at 6-month follow-up. Two sub-samples were identified for analyses. For participants who were not hospitalized during the 6-month interval and had their weight measured at both assessments (n = 52), sufficient test-retest reliability of caloric intake was observed (r = 0.59); but caloric intake deficiencies relative to estimated energy requirements did not predict actual weight loss (r = 0.08). When this sample was supplemented with 91 participants who experienced any adverse event (weight loss of 2.5% or more, hospitalization, institutionalization, or mortality) in the 6-month period (n = 143), adverse events were more likely to occur for those with insufficient caloric intake (odds ratio = 3.49, p = .009), and in White participants compared to African American participants (odds ratio = 3.13, p=0.016). Adequate test-retest reliability of the 24-hour dietary recall was demonstrated, but additional research with larger samples and longer follow-up intervals are needed to better evaluate the predictive validity of caloric intake measures for this population. PMID:20430140

Sun, Yanhui; Roth, David L.; Ritchie, Christine S.; Burgio, Kathryn L.; Locher, Julie L.

2010-01-01

7

Low adherence to exclusive breastfeeding in Eastern Uganda: A community-based cross-sectional study comparing dietary recall since birth with 24-hour recall  

PubMed Central

Background Exclusive breastfeeding is recommended as the best feeding alternative for infants up to six months and has a protective effect against mortality and morbidity. It also seems to lower HIV-1 transmission compared to mixed feeding. We studied infant feeding practices comparing dietary recall since birth with 24-hour dietary recall. Methods A cross-sectional survey on infant feeding practices was performed in Mbale District, Eastern Uganda in 2003 and 727 mother-infant (0–11 months) pairs were analysed. Four feeding categories were made based on WHO's definitions: 1) exclusive breastfeeding, 2) predominant breastfeeding, 3) complementary feeding and 4) replacement feeding. We analyzed when the infant fell into another feeding category for the first time. This was based on the recall since birth. Life-table analysis was made for the different feeding categories and Cox regression analysis was done to control for potential associated factors with the different practices. Prelacteal feeding practices were also addressed. Results Breastfeeding was practiced by 99% of the mothers. Dietary recall since birth showed that 7% and 0% practiced exclusive breastfeeding by 3 and 6 months, respectively, while 30% and 3% practiced predominant breastfeeding and had not started complementary feeding at the same points in time. The difference between the 24-hour recall and the recall since birth for the introduction of complementary feeds was 46 percentage points at two months and 59 percentage points at four months. Prelacteal feeding was given to 57% of the children. High education and formal marriage were protective factors against prelacteal feeding (adjusted OR 0.5, 0.2 – 1.0 and 0.5, 0.3 – 0.8, respectively). Conclusion Even if breastfeeding is practiced at a very high rate, the use of prelacteal feeding and early introduction of other food items is the norm. The 24-hour recall gives a higher estimate of exclusive breastfeeding and predominant breastfeeding than the recall since birth. The 24-hour recall also detected improper infant feeding practices especially in the second half year of life. The dietary recall since birth might be a feasible alternative to monitor infant feeding practices in resource-poor settings. Our study reemphasizes the need for improving infant feeding practices in Eastern Uganda. PMID:17331251

Engebretsen, Ingunn Marie S; Wamani, Henry; Karamagi, Charles; Semiyaga, Nulu; Tumwine, James; Tylleskar, Thorkild

2007-01-01

8

Uncertainty in intake due to portion size estimation in 24-hour recalls varies between food groups.  

PubMed

Portion size estimation is expected to be one of the largest sources of uncertainty in dietary assessment of the individual. Therefore, we demonstrated a method to quantify uncertainty due to portion size estimation in the usual intake distributions of vegetables, fruit, bread, protein, and potassium. Dutch participants of the European Food Consumption Validation study completed 2 nonconsecutive 24-h recall interviews. In short, the uncertainty analysis consists of Monte Carlo simulations drawing values for portion size from lognormal uncertainty distributions. The uncertainty of the usual intake distribution and accompanying parameters (IQR and the shrinkage factor) were estimated. For the food groups, portion size uncertainty had the greatest effect for vegetables and the least for fruit: the relative 95% uncertainty interval (UI) of the IQR of the usual intake distribution was 0.61-1.35 for vegetables, 0.77-1.24 for bread, and 0.99-1.10 for fruit. For protein and potassium, the resulting relative width of the UI of the IQR for portion size uncertainty are similar: 0.88-1.14 for protein and 0.86-1.14 for potassium. Furthermore, a sensitivity analysis illustrated the importance of the specified uncertainty distributions. The examples show that uncertainty in portion sizes may be more important for some foods such as vegetables. This may reflect differential quantification errors by food groups that deserve further consideration. In conclusion, the presented methodology allows the important quantification of portion size uncertainty and extensions to include other sources of uncertainty is straightforward. PMID:21562232

Souverein, Olga W; de Boer, Waldo J; Geelen, Anouk; van der Voet, Hilko; de Vries, Jeanne H; Feinberg, Max; van't Veer, Pieter

2011-07-01

9

Comparison of the Kid's Block Food Frequency Questionnaire to the 24-hour recall in urban Native American youth.  

PubMed

This study evaluated the appropriateness of the Kid's Block Food Frequency Questionnaire (Kid's Block FFQ) for use in a group of urban Native American youth by comparing it to a self-reported 24-hr recall. Subjects were 61 urban Native American youth, aged 9-13 years. Researchers assessed dietary intake using the two methods in random order on the same day. Analyses of diets revealed no significant difference between estimated total energy, protein, fat, and saturated fat between the two methods. Significant differences in estimations for the two tools occurred for carbohydrates and some micronutrients. Results suggest that the Kid's Block FFQ may be less appropriate than 24-hr recall in measuring the dietary intake of Native American youth. A high prevalence of obesity in this population necessitates more accurate dietary assessment tools for this population. PMID:16917884

Smith, Chery; Fila, Stefanie

2006-01-01

10

Comparison of a Web-Based versus Traditional Diet Recall among Children  

Microsoft Academic Search

Self-administered instruments offer a low-cost diet assessment method for use in adult and pediatric populations. This study tested whether 8- to 13-year-old children could complete an early version of the Automated Self Administered 24-hour diet recall (ASA24) and how this compared to an interviewer-administered 24-hour diet recall. One-hundred twenty 8- to 13-year-old children were recruited in Houston from June through

Tom Baranowski; Noemi Islam; Janice Baranowski; Shelby Martin; Alicia Beltran; Hafza Dadabhoy; Su-Heyla Adame; Kathleen B. Watson; Debbe Thompson; Karen W. Cullen; Amy F. Subar

11

The accuracy of the Goldberg method for classifying misreporters of energy intake on a food frequency questionnaire and 24-hour recalls: Comparison with doubly labeled water  

PubMed Central

Background/Objectives Adults often misreport dietary intake; the magnitude varies by the methods used to assess diet and classify participants. The objective was to quantify the accuracy of the Goldberg method for categorizing misreporters on a food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) and two 24-hour recalls (24HR). Subjects/Methods We compared the Goldberg method, which uses an equation to predict total energy expenditure (TEE), to a criterion method that uses doubly labeled water (DLW), in a study of 451 men and women. Underreporting was classified using recommended cutpoints and calculated values. Sensitivity and specificity, positive and negative predictive value (PPV and NPV), and the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC) were calculated. Predictive models of underreporting were contrasted for the Goldberg and DLW methods. Results AUC were 0.974 and 0.972 on the FFQ, and 0.961 and 0.938 on the 24HR for men and women, respectively. The sensitivity of the Goldberg method was higher for the FFQ (92%) than the 24HR (50%); specificity was higher for the 24HR (99%) than the FFQ (88%); PPV was high for the 24HR (92%) and FFQ (88%). Simulation studies indicate attenuation in odds ratio estimates and reduction of power in predictive models. Conclusions Although use of the Goldberg method may lead to bias and reduction in power in predictive models of underreporting, the method has high predictive value for both the FFQ and the 24HR. Thus, in the absence of objective measures of TEE or physical activity, the Goldberg method is a reasonable approach to characterizing underreporting. PMID:22127332

Tooze, Janet A.; Krebs-Smith, Susan M.; Troiano, Richard P.; Subar, Amy F.

2011-01-01

12

Effect of a High-fat Diet on 24Hour Pattern of Circulating Adipocytokines in Rats  

Microsoft Academic Search

We have shown a significant disruption of 24-h pattern of plasma pituitary, adrenal, and gonadal hormones in high-fat-fed rats. Our objective was to assess the effect of a high-fat diet (35% fat) on mean levels and 24-h pattern of several adipocytokines in rats. A normal diet–fed rats (4% fat) were used as controls. When body weight of high-fat-fed rats attained

Pilar Cano; Daniel P. Cardinali; María J. Ríos-Lugo; María P. Fernández-Mateos; Carlos F. Reyes Toso; Ana I. Esquifino

2009-01-01

13

Shortening the retention interval of 24-hour dietary recalls increases fourth-grade children's accuracy for reporting energy and macronutrient intake at school meals  

PubMed Central

Background Accurate information about children’s intake is crucial for national nutrition policy and for research and clinical activities. To analyze accuracy for reporting energy and nutrients, most validation studies utilize the conventional approach which was not designed to capture errors of reported foods and amounts. The reporting-error-sensitive approach captures errors of reported foods and amounts. Objective To extend results to energy and macronutrients for a validation study concerning retention interval (elapsed time between to-be-reported meals and the interview) and accuracy for reporting school-meal intake, the conventional and reporting-error-sensitive approaches were compared. Design and participants/setting Fourth-grade children (n=374) were observed eating two school meals, and interviewed to obtain a 24-hour recall using one of six interview conditions from crossing two target periods (prior-24-hours; previous-day) with three interview times (morning; afternoon; evening). Data were collected in one district during three school years (2004–2005; 2005–2006; 2006–2007). Main outcome measures Report rates (reported/observed), correspondence rates (correctly reported/observed), and inflation ratios (intruded/observed) were calculated for energy and macronutrients. Statistical analyses performed For each outcome measure, mixed-model analysis of variance was conducted with target period, interview time, their interaction, and sex in the model; results were adjusted for school year and interviewer. Results Conventional approach — Report rates for energy and macronutrients did not differ by target period, interview time, their interaction, or sex. Reporting-error-sensitive approach — Correspondence rates for energy and macronutrients differed by target period (four P-values<0.0001) and the target-period by interview-time interaction (four P-values<0.0001); inflation ratios for energy and macronutrients differed by target period (four P-values<0.0001), and inflation ratios for energy and carbohydrate differed by the target-period by interview-time interaction (both P-values<0.005). Conclusions Shorten the retention interval of dietary recalls to increase accuracy for reporting energy and macronutrients. For validation studies, obtain reference information from a method that provides details about foods and amounts consumed, and use an analytic approach that captures errors of reported foods and amounts. PMID:20656093

Guinn, Caroline H.; Royer, Julie A.; Hardin, James W.; Mackelprang, Alyssa J.; Smith, Albert F.

2010-01-01

14

Assessment of the Accuracy of Portion Size Reports Using Computer-Based Food Photographs Aids in the Development of an Automated Self-Administered 24-Hour Recall  

PubMed Central

Objective To assess the accuracy of portion-size estimates and participant preferences using various presentations of digital images. Design Two observational feeding studies were conducted. In both, each participant selected and consumed foods for breakfast and lunch, buffet style, serving themselves portions of nine foods representing five forms (eg, amorphous, pieces). Serving containers were weighed unobtrusively before and after selection as was plate waste. The next day, participants used a computer software program to select photographs representing portion sizes of foods consumed the previous day. Preference information was also collected. In Study 1 (n=29), participants were presented with four different types of images (aerial photographs, angled photographs, images of mounds, and household measures) and two types of screen presentations (simultaneous images vs an empty plate that filled with images of food portions when clicked). In Study 2 (n=20), images were presented in two ways that varied by size (large vs small) and number (4 vs 8). Subjects/setting Convenience sample of volunteers of varying background in an office setting. Statistical analyses performed Repeated-measures analysis of variance of absolute differences between actual and reported portions sizes by presentation methods. Results Accuracy results were largely not statistically significant, indicating that no one image type was most accurate. Accuracy results indicated the use of eight vs four images was more accurate. Strong participant preferences supported presenting simultaneous vs sequential images. Conclusions These findings support the use of aerial photographs in the automated self-administered 24-hour recall. For some food forms, images of mounds or household measures are as accurate as images of food and, therefore, are a cost-effective alternative to photographs of foods. PMID:20102828

Subar, Amy F.; Crafts, Jennifer; Zimmerman, Thea Palmer; Wilson, Michael; Mittl, Beth; Islam, Noemi G.; Mcnutt, Suzanne; Potischman, Nancy; Buday, Richard; Hull, Stephen G.; Baranowski, Tom; Guenther, Patricia M.; Willis, Gordon; Tapia, Ramsey; Thompson, Frances E.

2013-01-01

15

Computerized portion size estimation compared to multiple 24-hour dietary recalls for measurement of fat, fruit, and vegetable intake in overweight adults  

PubMed Central

Validated self-report methods of dietary assessment exist, and might be improved both in terms of accuracy and cost-efficiency with computer technology. The objectives of this preliminary study were to develop an initial version of an interactive CD-ROM program to estimate fruit, vegetable, and fat intake, and to compare it to multiple 24-hour dietary recalls (24HR; averaged over 3 days). In 2009, overweight male and female adults (N = 205) from Lane County, OR completed computerized and paper versions of fruit, vegetable, and fat screening instruments, and multiple 24HR. Summary scores from the ten-item NCI Fruit and Vegetable Scan (FVS) and the 18-item Block Fat Screener (BFS) were compared to multiple 24HR-derived fruit/vegetable and fat intake estimates (criterion measures). Measurement models were used to derive deattenuated correlations with multiple 24HR of paper and CD-ROM administrations of FVS fruit intake, FVS vegetable intake, FVS fruit and vegetable intake, and BFS fat intake. The computerized assessment and paper surveys were related to multiple 24HR-derived fruit/vegetable and fat intake. Deattenuated correlation coefficients ranged from 0.50 to 0.73 (all P ?0.0001). The CD-ROM-derived estimate of fruit intake was more closely associated with the 24HR (r=0.73) than the paper-derived estimate (r=0.54; P<.05), but the other comparisons did not differ significantly. Findings from this preliminary study with overweight adults indicate the need for further enhancements to the CD-ROM assessment and more extensive validation studies. PMID:21963026

Toobert, Deborah J.; Strycker, Lisa A.; Hampson, Sarah E.; Westling, Erika; Christiansen, Steven M.; Hurley, Thomas G.; Hebert, James R.

2011-01-01

16

Development and Pilot Testing of 24-Hour Multiple-Pass Recall to Assess Dietary Intake of Toddlers of Somali- and Iraqi-Born Mothers Living in Norway  

PubMed Central

The aim of this study was to develop, test, and evaluate a 24-h recall procedure to assess the dietary intake of toddlers of Somali- and Iraqi-born mothers living in Norway. A protocol for a 24-h multiple-pass recall procedure, registration forms, and visual tools (a picture library for food identification and portion size estimation) was developed and tested in 12 mothers from Somalia and Iraq with children aged 10–21 months. Five female field workers were recruited and trained to conduct the interviews. Evaluation data for the 24-h recall procedure were collected from both the mothers and the field workers. Nutrient intake was calculated using a Norwegian dietary calculation system. Each child’s estimated energy intake was compared with its estimated energy requirement. Both the mothers and the field workers found the method feasible and the visual tools useful. The estimated energy intake corresponded well with the estimated energy requirement for most of the children (within mean ± 2 SD, except for three). The pilot study identified the need for additional foods in the picture library and some crucial aspects in training and supervising the field workers to reduce sources of error in the data collection. PMID:24949548

Grewal, Navnit Kaur; Mosd?l, Annhild; Aunan, Marte Bergsund; Monsen, Carina; Torheim, Liv Elin

2014-01-01

17

Validity of Adolescent Diet Recall 48 Years Later  

PubMed Central

Few studies have evaluated the validity of adolescent diet recall after many decades. Between 1943 and 1970, yearly diet records were completed by parents of adolescents participating in an ongoing US study. In 2005–2006, study participants who had been 13–18 years of age when the diet records were collected were asked to complete a food frequency questionnaire regarding their adolescent diet. Food frequency questionnaires and diet records were available for 72 participants. The authors calculated Spearman correlation coefficients between food, food group, and nutrient intakes from the diet records and food frequency questionnaire and deattenuated them to account for the effects of within-person variation measured in the diet records on the association. The median deattenuated correlation for foods was 0.30, ranging from ?0.53 for a beef, pork, or lamb sandwich to 0.99 for diet soda. The median deattenuated correlation for food groups was 0.31 (range: ?0.48 for breads to 0.70 for hot beverages); for nutrient intakes, it was 0.25 (range: ?0.08 for iron to 0.82 for vitamin B12). Some dietary factors were reasonably recalled 3–6 decades later. However, this food frequency questionnaire did not validly measure overall adolescent diet when completed by middle-aged and older adults on average 48 years after adolescence. PMID:19923106

Chavarro, Jorge E.; Rosner, Bernard A.; Sampson, Laura; Willey, Carol; Tocco, Paula; Willett, Walter C.; Chumlea, Wm. Cameron; Michels, Karin B.

2009-01-01

18

Reproducibility of recall of adolescent diet: Nurses' Health Study (United States)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although diet and alcohol consumption at a young age have been hypothesized to play an etiologic role in adult malignancy, few studies have addressed there relations and few data exist on the ability to measure recalled diet during adolescence. We undertook a study to determine whether the recall of diet during high school 22 to 47 years later was reproducible

A. Lindsay Frazier; Walter C. Willett; Graham A. Colditz

1995-01-01

19

Creating the 24Hour Knowledge Factory  

Microsoft Academic Search

The 24-Hour Knowledge Factory concept involves separate and distinct global operating centers that facilitate the transfer of information from one work location to another, thus allowing for continuous operation. In this article the authors elaborate on this concept and discusses relevant current industry practices and technologies with respect to the implementation and commercial deployment of the 24-Hour Knowledge Factory paradigm.

Amar Gupta; Luting Hou; Taylor Hedberg; Curtis Prendergast; Igor Crk

2012-01-01

20

24-Hour Academic Libraries: Adjusting to Change  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to explore the adaptive measures that academic libraries perform when implementing and operating a 24-hour schedule. Five in-depth interviews were conducted with current managerial-level librarians at 24-hour academic libraries. The exploratory interviews revealed similar measures for security, budgeting, employee…

Bowman, Adam C.

2013-01-01

21

Toward the 24-Hour Knowledge Factory  

E-print Network

The term 24-Hour Knowledge Factory connotes a globally distributed work environment in which members of the global team work on a project around the clock; each member of the team works the normal workday hours that pertain ...

Gupta, Amar

2004-03-12

22

Toward the 24-Hour Knowledge Factory  

E-print Network

The term 24-Hour Knowledge Factory connotes a globally distributed work environment in which members of the global team work on a project around the clock; each member of the team works the normal workday ...

Gupta, Amar

2004-12-10

23

The 24-Hour Mathematical Modeling Challenge  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Across the mathematics curriculum there is a renewed emphasis on applications of mathematics and on mathematical modeling. Providing students with modeling experiences beyond the ordinary classroom setting remains a challenge, however. In this article, we describe the 24-hour Mathematical Modeling Challenge, an extracurricular event that exposes…

Galluzzo, Benjamin J.; Wendt, Theodore J.

2015-01-01

24

24-hours.in Tampere: an interactive documentary  

Microsoft Academic Search

The author is developing a new interactive documentary project entitled 24-hours.in (www.24-hours.in), exploring new opportunities for participation, collaboration and the potential democratization of documentary production. Utilizing user-generated video captured on mobile phones and available devices, the project is participatory whereby the audience contribute documentary videos, around the theme of 24 hours in a city or location; for example 24hours.in Tampere.

Richard Vickers

2011-01-01

25

24Hour Blood Pressure Measurements: Methodological and Clinical Problems  

Microsoft Academic Search

Awareness that sphygmomanometry is encompassed with serious limitations has led to the development of techniques that allow blood pressure (BP) to be monitored intraarterially or noninvasively during the day or over a 24-hour period. Although intraarterial BP monitoring allows an accurate evaluation of 24-hour BP mean and variability, its invasiveness prevents routine use in the clinical practice. This use can

G. Parati; G. Pomidossi; D. Malaspina; C. Camesasca; G. Mancia

1986-01-01

26

Multiethnic/Minority Cohort Study of Diet and Cancer  

Cancer.gov

At entry to the cohort study, each participant completed a 26-page mail questionnaire that included an extensive quantitative diet history, as well as other demographic, medical, and lifestyle information. Multiple 24-hour diet recalls were collected on more than 2,000 of the participants in a calibration study designed to permit correction of nutrient intake estimates for measurement error.

27

Analysis of Continuous 24-Hour Intraocular Pressure Patterns in Glaucoma  

PubMed Central

Purpose. To present a method to analyze circadian intraocular pressure (IOP) patterns in glaucoma patients and suspects undergoing repeated continuous 24-hour IOP monitoring. Methods. Forty patients with established (n = 19) or suspected glaucoma (n = 21) underwent ambulatory 24-hour IOP monitoring on two sessions 1 week apart using a contact lens sensor (CLS). The CLS provides its output in arbitrary units (a.u.). A modified cosinor rhythmometry method was adapted to the CLS output to analyze 24-hour IOP patterns and their reproducibility. Nonparametric tests were used to study differences between sessions 1 and 2 (S1 and S2). Patients pursued their routine daily activities and their sleep was uncontrolled. CLS data were used to assess sleep times. Results. Complete 24-hour data from both sessions were available for 35 patients. Mean (SD) age of the patients was 55.8 ± 15.5 years. The correlation of the cosinor fitting and measured CLS values was r = 0.38 (Spearman r; P < 0.001) for S1, r = 0.50 (P < 0.001) for S2, whereas the correlation between S1 and S2 cosinor fittings was r = 0.76 (P < 0.001). Repeated nocturnal acrophase was seen in 62.9% of patients; 17.1% of patients had no repeatable acrophase. The average amplitude of the 24-hour curve was 143.6 ± 108.1 a.u. (S1) and 130.8 ± 68.2 a.u. (S2) (P = 0.936). Conclusions. Adapting the cosinor method to CLS data is a useful way for modeling the rhythmic nature of 24-hour IOP patterns and evaluating their reproducibility. Repeatable nocturnal acrophase was seen in 62.9% of patients. (ClinicalTrials.gov number, NCT01319617.) PMID:23139273

Mansouri, Kaweh; Liu, John H. K.; Weinreb, Robert N.; Tafreshi, Ali; Medeiros, Felipe A.

2012-01-01

28

Guidelines for Use MIT Libraries' 24 Hour Study Space  

E-print Network

the activities of other library users or staff, including but not limited to excessive noise, cell phones, musicGuidelines for Use MIT Libraries' 24 Hour Study Space Access to and use of the MIT Libraries' 24 users will: � Use their ID for personal access only � Treat each other with respect and consideration

29

Aegis Combat and Weapon Systems Overview 24 hours, $1495  

E-print Network

Aegis Combat and Weapon Systems Overview 24 hours, $1495 Launched from the Advanced Surface Missile that led to the initiation of Aegis. Topics Include: · AegisOverviewandHistory · AegisBMD · AegisWeaponSEprocessensuresthatsystemsaredevelopedtomeet affordable, operationally effective, and timely mission objectives. FocusonengineeringtheWeapon

Fork, Richard

30

Validation of a group 24-hour recall method for dietary assessment  

E-print Network

data for the corresponding meal were compared via paired t-tests and Pearson's correlation coefficients. Paired t-tests were completed using crude and log[e] transformed data. Results of t-tests indicated no significant differences between means...

Scott, Amanda Renee

2012-06-07

31

Managing sleep and wakefulness in a 24-hour world.  

PubMed

This article contributes to literature on the sociology of sleep by exploring the sleeping practices and subjective sleep experiences of two social groups: shift workers and students. It draws on data, collected in the UK from 25 semi-structured interviews, to discuss the complex ways in which working patterns and social activities impact upon experiences and expectations of sleep in our wired awake world. The data show that, typically, sleep is valued and considered to be important for health, general wellbeing, appearance and physical and cognitive functioning. However, sleep time is often cut back on in favour of work demands and social activities. While shift workers described their efforts to fit in an adequate amount of sleep per 24-hour period, for students, the adoption of a flexible sleep routine was thought to be favourable for maintaining a work-social life balance. Collectively, respondents reported using a wide range of strategies, techniques, technologies and practices to encourage, overcome or delay sleep(iness) and boost, promote or enhance wakefulness/alertness at socially desirable times. The analysis demonstrates how social context impacts not only on how we come to think about sleep and understand it, but also how we manage or self-regulate our sleeping patterns. PMID:23957268

Coveney, Catherine M

2014-01-01

32

The association of knowledge, attitudes and behaviours related to salt with 24-hour urinary sodium excretion  

PubMed Central

Aim Salt reduction efforts usually have a strong focus on consumer education. Understanding the association between salt consumption levels and knowledge, attitudes and behaviours towards salt should provide insight into the likely effectiveness of education-based programs. Methods A single 24-hour urine sample and a questionnaire describing knowledge, attitudes and behaviours was obtained from 306 randomly selected participants and 113 volunteers from a regional town in Australia. Results Mean age of all participants was 55 years (range 20–88), 55% were women and mean 24-hour urinary salt excretion was 8.8(3.6) g/d. There was no difference in salt excretion between the randomly selected and volunteer sample. Virtually all participants (95%) identified that a diet high in salt can cause serious health problems with the majority of participants (81%) linking a high salt diet to raised blood pressure. There was no difference in salt excretion between those who did 8.7(2.1) g/d and did not 7.5(3.3) g/d identify that a diet high in salt causes high blood pressure (p?=?0.1). Nor was there a difference between individuals who believed they consumed “too much” 8.9(3.3) g/d “just the right amount” 8.4(2.6) g/d or “too little salt” 9.1(3.7) g/d (p?=?0.2). Likewise, individuals who indicated that lowering their salt intake was important 8.5(2.9) g/d vs. not important 8.8(2.4) g/d did not have different consumption levels (p?=?0.4). Conclusion The absence of a clear association between knowledge, attitudes and behaviours towards salt and actual salt consumption suggests that interventions focused on knowledge, attitudes and behaviours alone may be of limited efficacy. PMID:24708561

2014-01-01

33

24-Hour Urine Phosphorus Excretion and Mortality and Cardiovascular Events  

PubMed Central

Summary Background and objectives Higher morning serum phosphorus has been associated with cardiovascular disease (CVD) in patients with or without CKD. In patients with CKD and a phosphorous level >4.6 mg/dl, the Kidney Disease Improving Global Outcomes guidelines recommend dietary phosphorus restriction. However, whether phosphorus restriction influences serum phosphorus concentrations and whether dietary phosphorus is itself associated with CVD or death are uncertain. Design, setting, participants, & measurements Among 880 patients with stable CVD and normal kidney function to moderate CKD, 24-hour urine phosphorus excretion (UPE) and serum phosphorus were measured at baseline. Participants were followed for a median of 7.4 years for CVD events and all-cause mortality. Results Mean ± SD age was 67±11 years, estimated GFR (eGFR) was 71±22 ml/min per 1.73 m2, and serum phosphorus was 3.7±0.6 mg/dl. Median UPE was 632 (interquartile range, 439, 853) mg/d. In models adjusted for demographic characteristics and eGFR, UPE was weakly and nonsignificantly associated with serum phosphorus (0.03 mg/dl higher phosphorus per 300 mg higher UPE; P=0.07). When adjusted for demographics, eGFR, and CVD risk factors, each 300-mg higher UPE was associated with 17% lower risk of CVD events. The association of UPE with all-cause mortality was not statistically significant (hazard ratio, 0.93; 95% confidence interval, 0.82 to 1.05). Results were similar irrespective of CKD status (P interactions > 0.87). Conclusions Among outpatients with stable CVD, the magnitude of the association of UPE with morning serum phosphorus is modest. Greater UPE is associated with lower risk for CVD events. The association was similar for all-cause mortality but was not statistically significant. PMID:23539231

Palomino, Heather L.; Rifkin, Dena E.; Anderson, Cheryl; Criqui, Michael H.; Whooley, Mary A.

2013-01-01

34

Time Management Planner 1. Complete this schedule for how you spend a "typical" 24-hour day  

E-print Network

Activities Hours Spent Sleeping Personal care/Grooming Meal Preparation/Eating/Clean Up Family Commitments/Internship In class time Studying Other Total: 2. Does your schedule add up to 24 hours? Did you exceed 24 hours? 3 Personal care/Grooming Meal Preparation/Eating/Clean Up Family Commitments Socializing with friends

Schaefer, Marcus

35

Food Sources of Added Sweeteners in the Diets of Americans  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective To identify food sources of added sweeteners in the US diet.Design A descriptive study using data from the US Department of Agriculture (USDA) 1994-1996 Continuing Survey of Food Intakes by Individuals. Each subject provided one 24-hour dietary recall. Intake of added sweeteners was calculated using the USDA Food Guide Pyramid servings database.Subjects\\/setting A national sample of noninstitutionalized persons aged

JOANNE F GUTHRIE; JOAN F MORTON

2000-01-01

36

A novel online Food Recall Checklist for use in an undergraduate student population: a comparison with diet diaries  

PubMed Central

Background University students are commonly overlooked when diet of populations is measured and there is a lack of comprehensive dietary assessment in whole university student populations. To measure diet of undergraduate students, a new online 121-item Food Recall Checklist (FoRC) was designed as an alternative to a non-weighed record (food diary). This article reports the comparison between the new dietary assessment method (FoRC) and the food diary as a measure of energy (kJ), fat (g), Non-Starch Polysaccharide (NSP) (g), fruit and vegetables (g), breakfast cereal (g) and bread (g) and alcohol (units) intake. Methods Fifty-three students at the University of Aberdeen completed four days of FoRC then four days food diary. Median agreement and correlation between the two methods was assessed for foods and nutrients using the Spearman's rank correlation co-efficient and the Wilcoxon signed ranks test. Agreement between FoRC and food diary was assessed using the Bland-Altman method. Results The mean time taken to complete FoRC for one day was 7.4 minutes. Intakes of fat (g and % food energy), NSP and bread were similar between FoRC and the food diary. Median energy intake was 8185 kJ in the food diary and 8007 kJ in FoRC. However, FoRC recorded significantly lower intakes of energy and alcohol and significantly higher intakes of fruit and vegetables and breakfast cereal compared with the food diary. There was considerable variation in agreement between methods at the individual level. For all variables except alcohol and percentage energy from fat, correlation co-efficients were statistically significant and greater than 0.5. Conclusion At the group level, four days of FoRC showed good median agreement with the food diary and there was high correlation between methods for most foods and nutrients. This suggests that this novel method of assessing diet can provide a useful alternative for assessing group mean intakes but that individual intakes may need to be interpreted with care. PMID:19228392

Comrie, Fiona; Masson, Lindsey F; McNeill, Geraldine

2009-01-01

37

Immediacy, Convenience or Engagement? An analysis of 24-hour news channels in the UK  

Microsoft Academic Search

The article is based on the first systematic analysis of the output of 24-hour news channels in the UK. From a viewer's point of view, we argue, a 24-hour news channel can fulfil three main purposes: allowing someone to watch an up-to-date news bulletin whenever they wish; enabling a viewer to watch major live news events as they happen; or

Justin Lewis; Stephen Cushion; James Thomas

2005-01-01

38

The Road Ahead to Continuous 24-Hour Intraocular Pressure Monitoring in Glaucoma  

PubMed Central

Intraocular pressure (IOP) is the only treatable risk factor for glaucoma. Yet, current glaucoma management usually relies on single IOP measurements during clinic hours despite the fact that IOP is a dynamic parameter with individual rhythms. Single IOP measurements underpin all major clinical guidelines on treatment of glaucoma. Other potentially informative parameters, such as IOP fluctuations and peak IOP, have been neglected, and effects of IOP-lowering interventions on such measures are largely unknown. The search for continuous 24-hour IOP monitoring started over 50 years ago, but only recent technological advances have provided clinician-researchers with devices for continuous IOP monitoring. Herein, we discuss innovative approaches with permanent and temporary devices for 24-hour IOP monitoring, such as a contact lens sensor. Despite being in their infancy, these devices may soon enable clinicians to use 24-hour IOP data to improve glaucoma management and reduce the glaucoma-related burden of disease.

Mansouri, Kaweh

2014-01-01

39

Diet Screener in CHIS 2005: Uses of Screener Estimates in CHIS  

Cancer.gov

Dietary intake estimates from the California Health Interview Survey (CHIS) Diet Screener are rough estimates of usual intake of fruits and vegetables and added sugar. They are not as accurate as more detailed methods (e.g. 24-hour recalls). However, validation research suggests that the estimates may be useful to characterize a population's median intakes, to discriminate among individuals or populations with regard to higher vs.

40

Increased 24-Hour Variation of Human Intraocular Pressure with Short Axial Length  

PubMed Central

Purpose. To characterize 24-hour variation of intraocular pressure (IOP) in healthy young adults based on the axial length of the eye. Methods. Twenty-four-hour IOP data were collected from nine healthy young adults with hyperopia, age range 18 to 25 years, in a sleep laboratory. Every 2 hours, measurements of IOP were taken in the participants after 5 minutes in the supine position and 5 minutes in the sitting position during the 16-hour diurnal/wake period as well when supine in bed during the 8-hour nocturnal/sleep period. Variations in 24-hour IOP in this hyperopia group were analyzed, together with previously collected data under the same laboratory conditions from 32 age-matched subjects with emmetropia or mild myopia (emmetropia group) and 34 subjects with moderate to severe myopia (myopia group). Results. Average diurnal sitting IOP was lower in the hyperopia group than in the other two groups. The difference between the diurnal sitting and diurnal supine IOP was larger in the hyperopia group than in the myopia group. In all three groups, the nocturnal supine IOP was higher than the diurnal sitting IOP. This elevation in habitual IOP was most significant in the hyperopia group. The hyperopia group also presented a significant IOP elevation within the nocturnal period. Simulated 24-hour rhythms of supine IOP were detected in all groups with different phase timings, but simulated 24-hour IOP variations were not different. The 24-hour habitual IOP fluctuation (peak minus trough) was inversely correlated to axial length. Conclusions. Shorter eyes had a larger 24-hour IOP variation than longer eyes in healthy young adults. PMID:19741246

Loewen, Nils A.; Weinreb, Robert N.

2010-01-01

41

Stairwells are lit 24 hours per day regardless of occupancy. In stairwells  

E-print Network

. Although occupancy sensors are widely available to switch off stairwell lighting during unoccupied periods 62 watts at full output to 13 watts at standby) · Integrated ultra-sonic motion sensor simplifiesStairwells are lit 24 hours per day regardless of occupancy. In stairwells with high-wattage light

42

The Effect of 7 Days of Creatine Supplementation on 24Hour Urinary Creatine Excretion  

Microsoft Academic Search

Since the discovery that oral ingestion of creatine leads to an increase in intramuscular creatine, its supplementation has become widespread. However, the dosage necessary to max- imize retention and create significant increases in intramus- cular creatine is poorly understood. In this study, 24-hour urinary creatine and creatinine levels of 20 university men's football players and 20 university men's hockey players

DARREN G. BURKE; TRUIS SMITH-PALMER; LAURENCE E. HOLT; BRIAN HEAD; PHILIP D. CHILIBECK

2001-01-01

43

Published: 24 hours ago New research finds people and pigeons see eye to eye  

E-print Network

Published: 24 hours ago New research finds people and pigeons see eye to eye A pigeon in flight. Credit: Robin Freeman. Pigeons and humans use similar visual cues to identify objects, a finding. Gibson and his colleagues found that humans and pigeons, which have different visual systems, have

Gosselin, Frédéric

44

Haemodynamic effects of glyceryl trinitrate during continuous 24 hour infusion in patients with heart failure.  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVE--To investigate whether the susceptibility to tolerance to glyceryl trinitrate is similar in different vascular beds in patients with chronic heart failure. PATIENTS--Twenty patients with heart failure underwent a continuous infusion of glyceryl trinitrate over 24 hours followed by administration of N-acetylcysteine (5 g intravenously) in a bolus. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES--Haemodynamic measurements under control conditions, at peak titration of glyceryl trinitrate at 24 hours, and after N-acetylcysteine; plasma renin activity and packed cell volume. RESULTS--After 24 hours of infusion the acute reduction in right atrial pressure had largely waned, while pulmonary vascular resistance remained improved and systemic resistance, which was not reduced at peak titration, significantly decreased with respect to control conditions. The effects of N-acetylcysteine and hormonal responses were different in patients who did and did not develop tolerance to glyceryl trinitrate. CONCLUSIONS--The haemodynamic profile of glyceryl trinitrate changed substantially during the study from a predominantly venodilator action at peak titration to a predominantly arteriolar dilatation after 24 hours of infusion. The different effects of N-acetylcysteine and the different hormonal responses confirm the multifactorial pathogenesis of tolerance to glyceryl trinitrate. PMID:7917687

Ghio, S; Poli, A; Ferrario, M; Campana, C; Diotallevi, P; Eleuteri, E; Mussini, A; Specchia, G; Montemartini, C

1994-01-01

45

Weather Note. Record 12- and 24-Hour Deepening Rates in a Tropical Cyclone.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

On Nov. 10-11, 1971, 12- and 24-hour reductions of central sea-level pressure of 6.2 and 4.0 mb/hr, respectively, were recorded in typhoon Irma by aircraft reconnaissance. These are considered to be record deepening rates as compared to the previous extre...

C. R. Holliday

1972-01-01

46

New 24-Hour Herpes Test for Pregnant Women and Newborns Developed.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This citation summarizes a one-page announcement of technology available for utilization. A new 24-hour test to detect herpes simplex infections in pregnant women and their babies has been developed by scientists in the Infectious Diseases Branch of the N...

1983-01-01

47

24-Hour Access: Responding to Students' Need for Late Library Hours at the University of Denver  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The University of Denver's Penrose Library saw a substantial increase in use as a result of several new and enhanced services over a six-year period. In turn, longer operating hours and increased staffing for a 24-hours-a-day, five-days-a-week (24 x 5) operating schedule was funded. This case study analyzes student need for longer library hours…

Sewell, Bethany B.

2013-01-01

48

Departmental Residency Requirement: At least 24 hours of computer science coursework must be completed  

E-print Network

taken at any Florida State University System (SUS) institution or Florida State or community college of Arts degree from a Florida SUS institution or Florida community college automatically satisfy the GEPDepartmental Residency Requirement: At least 24 hours of computer science coursework must

Stanley, Kenneth O.

49

Fertility factors in lactating rabbits mated 24 hours and 25 days after parturition  

E-print Network

Fertility factors in lactating rabbits mated 24 hours and 25 days after parturition Suzanne TORRÃ?S 78350 Jouy-en-Josas, France Summary. Fertility is compared in lactating rabbits mated 12-18 hours postpartum and 24 days postpartum. The lower fertility in the former group is the result of lower ovulation

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

50

The Effects of 24-hour Sleep Deprivation on the Exploration-Exploitation Trade-off  

E-print Network

The Effects of 24-hour Sleep Deprivation on the Exploration- Exploitation Trade-off Brian D. Glassa Biological Rhythm Research Sleep deprivation has a complex set of neurological effects that go beyond a mere slowing of mental processes. While cognitive and perceptual impairments in sleep deprived individuals

Maddox, W. Todd

51

Incidence, range, and clinical effect of hemoglobin changes within 24 hours after transradial coronary stenting.  

PubMed

Anemia and major bleeding are independent predictors of outcomes after acute coronary syndromes and percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Although the transradial approach reduces the incidence of bleeding, the hemoglobin changes after transradial PCI have not been defined. We serially assessed the hemoglobin values before and after transradial PCI and evaluated the effect of hemoglobin changes on outcomes. In the EArly Discharge After Transradial Stenting of CoronarY Arteries (EASY) trial, 1,348 patients underwent transradial PCI. All patients received aspirin, clopidogrel, and a bolus of abciximab before PCI. The hemoglobin values were assessed immediately before and 4 to 6 hours and 12 to 24 hours after PCI. The major adverse cardiac events (death, myocardial infarction, and target vessel revascularization) were assessed < or =3 years after PCI. According to the World Health Organization classification, 206 patients (15%) had anemia before PCI and 410 (30%) developed anemia within 24 hours after PCI. A mean hemoglobin decrease of 0.6 +/- 1.0 g/dl occurred within 24 hours after PCI. At 30 days, the major adverse cardiac events were significantly increased when the hemoglobin decrease within 24 hours after PCI was >3 g/dl (p = 0.0002). Patients with anemia within 24 hours after PCI had significantly more major adverse cardiac events at 30 days, 6 months, 1 year, and 3 years than patients without anemia (log-rank p = 0.0044). After adjustment for differences in the baseline characteristics, anemia within 24 hours after PCI remained an independent predictor of major averse cardiac events at 3 years (hazard ratio 1.30, 95% confidence interval 1.01 to 1.67, p = 0.045). In conclusion, within 24 hours after transradial PCI with maximal antiplatelet therapy, only a mild hemoglobin decrease was observed. The choice of a hemoglobin decrease >3 g/dl after PCI as a cutoff value for current definitions of major bleeding in modern PCI trials appears reasonable. Measures to prevent anemia and blood loss during PCI remain to be further studied. PMID:20598996

Bertrand, Olivier F; Larose, Eric; Rodés-Cabau, Josep; Rinfret, Stéphane; Déry, Jean-Pierre; Bagur, Rodrigo; Gleeton, Onil; Nguyen, Can M; Proulx, Guy; De Larochellière, Robert; Poirier, Paul; Costerousse, Olivier; Roy, Louis

2010-07-15

52

Plasma Volume Expansion 24-Hours Post-Exercise: Effect of Doubling the Volume of Replacement Fluid  

PubMed Central

The effects of two volumes (1.5 L or 3.0 L) of commercially available electrolyte beverage (1.44 mM·L-1 Na+) taken during a 24-hour recovery period post-exercise, on plasma volume (PV) expansion 24-hours post-exercise were assessed. A simple random-order crossover research design was used. Subjects (n = 9 males: age 21 ± 4 years, body mass 80.0 ± 9.0 kg, peak incremental 60-second cycling power output 297 ± 45 W [means ± SD]) completed an identical exercise protocol conducted in hot ambient conditions (35oC, 50% relative humidity) on two occasions; separated by 7-days. On each occasion, subjects received a different volume of 24-hour fluid intake (commercial beverage) in random order. In each case, the fluid was taken in five equal aliquots over 24-hours. PV expansions 24-hours post-exercise were estimated from changes in haemoglobin and haematocrit. Dependent t-testing revealed no significant differences in PV expansions between trials, however a significant expansion with respect to zero was identified in the 3.0 L trial only. Specifically, PV expansions (%) were; 1.5 L trial: (mean ± SE) 2.3 ± 2.0 (not significant with respect to zero), 3.0 L trial: 5.0 ± 2.0 (p < 0.05, with respect to zero). Under the conditions imposed in the current study, ingesting the greater volume of the beverage lead to larger mean PV expansion. Key Points Greater volume of re-hydration beverage is beneficial to mean PV expansion 3-hours post-exercise, however this relationship has not been previously tested under adequate controls over 24-hours to our knowledge. This study indicates that under the conditions we imposed, over 24-hours increased volume (1.5 Vs. 3.0 L) of oral re-hydration fluid is associated with increased mean PV expansion. Although we used an almost identical exercise stimulus as previous researchers, relative intensity was slightly lower in the current study. Coincidentally, PV expansions noted during this study were approximately half those reported by others. PMID:24431974

Kay, Bartholomew; O'Brien, Brendan J.; Gill, Nicholas D.

2005-01-01

53

Cardiac catheterization within 24 hours of valve surgery is significantly associated with acute renal failure  

PubMed Central

Objective Acute renal failure after valve surgery carries significant morbidity and mortality. Preoperative cardiac catheterization is the standard of care. For convenience, catheterization just before surgery is simplest for patients. However, it is not known if this timing of radiocontrast administration significantly affects renal function. We hypothesized that preoperative cardiac catheterization within 24 hours of valve surgery is associated with the development of acute renal failure. Methods A retrospective case-control study was performed of all patients undergoing valve surgery between 2003 and 2008 at the University of Virginia. Patients with preoperative renal dysfunction were excluded. Patients with postoperative acute renal failure were matched to those without acute renal failure according to age, gender, year of surgery, New York Heart Association functional class, elective status, concomitant coronary artery bypass grafting, and type of valve procedure. A logistic regression model examined the effects of perioperative risk factors on the development of acute renal failure. Results Of 1287 patients undergoing valve surgery, 61 with acute renal failure were matched to 136 without acute renal failure. Cardiac catheterization within 24 hours of surgery was significantly greater in patients with acute renal failure (31.2% vs 8.8%, P = .013). The risk of acute renal failure was more than 5 times higher for patients undergoing catheterization within 24 hours of surgery (odds ratio, 5.3; P = .004). The number of postoperative vasopressors was significantly associated with acute renal failure (odds ratio, 1.7; P = .007). Conclusions Although catheterization is often performed for patient convenience, catheterization within 24 hours of valve surgery is significantly associated with the development of acute renal failure. Current practices should be adjusted to ensure that more than 24 hours have passed from the time of cardiac catheterization to valve surgery in elective settings. PMID:20828767

Hennessy, Sara A.; LaPar, Damien J.; Stukenborg, George J.; Stone, Matthew L.; Mlynarek, Ryan A.; Kern, John A.; Ailawadi, Gorav; Kron, Irving L.

2011-01-01

54

Impedance and electrically evoked compound action potential (ECAP) drop within 24 hours after cochlear implantation.  

PubMed

Previous animal study revealed that post-implantation electrical detection levels significantly declined within days. The impact of cochlear implant (CI) insertion on human auditory pathway in terms of impedance and electrically evoked compound action potential (ECAP) variation within hours after surgery remains unclear, since at this time frequency mapping can only commence weeks after implantation due to factors associated with wound conditions. The study presented our experiences with regards to initial switch-on within 24 hours, and thus the findings about the milieus inside cochlea within the first few hours after cochlear implantation in terms of impedance/ECAP fluctuations. The charts of fifty-four subjects with profound hearing impairment were studied. A minimal invasive approach was used for cochlear implantation, characterized by a small skin incision (? 2.5 cm) and soft techniques for cochleostomy. Impedance/ECAP was measured intro-operatively and within 24 hours post-operatively. Initial mapping within 24 hours post-operatively was performed in all patients without major complications. Impedance/ECAP became significantly lower measured within 24 hours post-operatively as compared with intra-operatively (p<0.001). There were no differences between pre-operative and post-operative threshold for air-conduction hearing. A significant drop of impedance/ECAP in one day after cochlear implantation was revealed for the first time in human beings. Mechanisms could be related to the restoration of neuronal sensitivity to the electrical stimulation, and/or the interaction between the matrix enveloping the electrodes and the electrical stimulation of the initial switch-on. Less wound pain/swelling and soft techniques both contributed to the success of immediate initial mapping, which implied a stable micro-environment inside the cochlea despite electrodes insertion. Our research invites further studies to correlate initial impedance/ECAP changes with long-term hearing/speech performance. PMID:23991008

Chen, Joshua Kuang-Chao; Chuang, Ann Yi-Chiun; Sprinzl, Georg Mathias; Tung, Tao-Hsin; Li, Lieber Po-Hung

2013-01-01

55

Impedance and Electrically Evoked Compound Action Potential (ECAP) Drop within 24 Hours after Cochlear Implantation  

PubMed Central

Previous animal study revealed that post-implantation electrical detection levels significantly declined within days. The impact of cochlear implant (CI) insertion on human auditory pathway in terms of impedance and electrically evoked compound action potential (ECAP) variation within hours after surgery remains unclear, since at this time frequency mapping can only commence weeks after implantation due to factors associated with wound conditions. The study presented our experiences with regards to initial switch-on within 24 hours, and thus the findings about the milieus inside cochlea within the first few hours after cochlear implantation in terms of impedance/ECAP fluctuations. The charts of fifty-four subjects with profound hearing impairment were studied. A minimal invasive approach was used for cochlear implantation, characterized by a small skin incision (?2.5 cm) and soft techniques for cochleostomy. Impedance/ECAP was measured intro-operatively and within 24 hours post-operatively. Initial mapping within 24 hours post-operatively was performed in all patients without major complications. Impedance/ECAP became significantly lower measured within 24 hours post-operatively as compared with intra-operatively (p<0.001). There were no differences between pre-operative and post-operative threshold for air-conduction hearing. A significant drop of impedance/ECAP in one day after cochlear implantation was revealed for the first time in human beings. Mechanisms could be related to the restoration of neuronal sensitivity to the electrical stimulation, and/or the interaction between the matrix enveloping the electrodes and the electrical stimulation of the initial switch-on. Less wound pain/swelling and soft techniques both contributed to the success of immediate initial mapping, which implied a stable micro-environment inside the cochlea despite electrodes insertion. Our research invites further studies to correlate initial impedance/ECAP changes with long-term hearing/speech performance. PMID:23991008

Chen, Joshua Kuang-Chao; Chuang, Ann Yi-Chiun; Sprinzl, Georg Mathias; Tung, Tao-Hsin; Li, Lieber Po-Hung

2013-01-01

56

Measuring the systemic effects of inhaled beclomethasone: timed morning urine collections compared with 24 hour specimens  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND--Inhaled glucocorticoid therapy has systemic effects including hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) suppression. The optimal test for detecting these effects has not been defined. METHODS--Timed urine collections and 09.00 hour plasma cortisol levels were obtained from 12 normal volunteers receiving inhaled placebo, beclomethasone (BDP) 800 or 2000 micrograms\\/day. The 24 hour urine samples were collected as follows: first hour after waking (hour 1),

H D McIntyre; C A Mitchell; S D Bowler; J G Armstrong; J A Wooler; D M Cowley

1995-01-01

57

Analogue step-by-step DC component eliminator for 24-hour PPG signal monitoring.  

PubMed

For applications where PPG signal AC component needs to be measured without disturbances in its shape and recorded digitally with high digitalization accuracy, the step-by-step DC component eliminator is developed. This paper describes step-by-step DC component eliminator, which is utilized with analogue comparator and operational amplifier. It allows to record PPG signal without disturbances in its shape in 24-hours PPG signal monitoring system. The experiments with PPG signal have been carried out. PMID:18002130

Pilt, Kristjan; Meigas, Kalju; Lass, Jaanus; Rosmann, Mart; Kaik, Jüri

2007-01-01

58

Intermittent short ECG recording is more effective than 24-hour Holter ECG in detection of arrhythmias  

PubMed Central

Background Many patients report symptoms of palpitations or dizziness/presyncope. These patients are often referred for 24-hour Holter ECG, although the sensitivity for detecting relevant arrhythmias is comparatively low. Intermittent short ECG recording over a longer time period might be a convenient and more sensitive alternative. The objective of this study is to compare the efficacy of 24-hour Holter ECG with intermittent short ECG recording over four weeks to detect relevant arrhythmias in patients with palpitations or dizziness/presyncope. Methods Design: prospective, observational, cross-sectional study. Setting: Clinical Physiology, University Hospital. Patients: 108 consecutive patients referred for ambiguous palpitations or dizziness/presyncope. Interventions: All individuals underwent a 24-hour Holter ECG and additionally registered 30-second handheld ECG (Zenicor EKG® thumb) recordings at home, twice daily and when having cardiac symptoms, during 28 days. Main outcome measures: Significant arrhythmias: atrial fibrillation (AF), paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia (PSVT), atrioventricular (AV) block II–III, sinus arrest (SA), wide complex tachycardia (WCT). Results 95 patients, 42 men and 53 women with a mean age of 54.1 years, completed registrations. Analysis of Holter registrations showed atrial fibrillation (AF) in two patients and atrioventricular (AV) block II in one patient (= 3.2% relevant arrhythmias [95% CI 1.1–8.9]). Intermittent handheld ECG detected nine patients with AF, three with paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia (PSVT) and one with AV-block-II (= 13.7% relevant arrhythmias [95% CI 8.2–22.0]). There was a significant difference between the two methods in favour of intermittent ECG with regard to the ability to detect relevant arrhythmias (P?=?0.0094). With Holter ECG, no symptoms were registered during any of the detected arrhythmias. With intermittent ECG, symptoms were registered during half of the arrhythmia episodes. Conclusions Intermittent short ECG recording during four weeks is more effective in detecting AF and PSVT in patients with ambiguous symptoms arousing suspicions of arrhythmia than 24-hour Holter ECG. PMID:24690488

2014-01-01

59

Circadian Polymorphisms in Night Owls, in Bipolars, and in Non-24-Hour Sleep Cycles  

PubMed Central

People called night owls habitually have late bedtimes and late times of arising, sometimes suffering a heritable circadian disturbance called delayed sleep phase syndrome (DSPS). Those with DSPS, those with more severe progressively-late non-24-hour sleep-wake cycles, and those with bipolar disorder may share genetic tendencies for slowed or delayed circadian cycles. We searched for polymorphisms associated with DSPS in a case-control study of DSPS research participants and a separate study of Sleep Center patients undergoing polysomnography. In 45 participants, we resequenced portions of 15 circadian genes to identify unknown polymorphisms that might be associated with DSPS, non-24-hour rhythms, or bipolar comorbidities. We then genotyped single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in both larger samples, using Illumina Golden Gate assays. Associations of SNPs with the DSPS phenotype and with the morningness-eveningness parametric phenotype were computed for both samples, then combined for meta-analyses. Delayed sleep and "eveningness" were inversely associated with loci in circadian genes NFIL3 (rs2482705) and RORC (rs3828057). A group of haplotypes overlapping BHLHE40 was associated with non-24-hour sleep-wake cycles, and less robustly, with delayed sleep and bipolar disorder (e.g., rs34883305, rs34870629, rs74439275, and rs3750275 were associated with n=37, p=4.58E-09, Bonferroni p=2.95E-06). Bright light and melatonin can palliate circadian disorders, and genetics may clarify the underlying circadian photoperiodic mechanisms. After further replication and identification of the causal polymorphisms, these findings may point to future treatments for DSPS, non-24-hour rhythms, and possibly bipolar disorder or depression.

Klimecki, Walter T.; Nievergelt, Caroline M.; Rex, Katharine M.; Murray, Sarah S.; Shekhtman, Tatyana; Tranah, Gregory J.; Loving, Richard T.; Lee, Heon-Jeong; Rhee, Min Kyu; Shadan, Farhad F.; Poceta, J. Steven; Jamil, Shazia M.; Kline, Lawrence E.; Kelsoe, John R.

2014-01-01

60

A new method to make 24-hour urine collection more convenient: a validity study.  

PubMed

Background and Objectives. This study proposes a novel urine collection device that can divide each urine collection into 20 parts and store and cool just one part. The aim of the current study is to compare measured biomarkers from the proposed urine collection device to those of conventional 24-hour sampling method. We also hypothesized that the new method would significantly increase patients' adherence to the timed urine collection. Methods. Two 24-hour urine samples with the conventional method and with the new automated urine collection device that uses just one-twentieth of each void were obtained from 40 healthy volunteers. Urine parameters including volume, creatinine, and protein levels were compared between the two methods and the agreement of two measurements for each subject was reported through Bland-Altman plots. Results. Our results confirmed that for all three variables, there is a positive correlation (P < 0.001) between the two measurements and high degree of agreement could be seen in Bland-Altman plots. Moreover, more subjects reported the new method as "more convenient" for 24-hour urine collection. Conclusions. Our results clearly indicate that a fixed proportion of each void may significantly reduce the urine volume in timed collections and this, in turn, may increase subjects' adherence to this difficult sampling. PMID:24963405

Nabavizadeh, Pooneh; Ghadermarzi, Shadi; Fakhri, Mohammad

2014-01-01

61

Mechanical properties of the aortic arterial wall during 24 hours: a preliminary study in conscious sheep  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Previous experiences in animals showed a different behavior between the variability of pressure, arterial diameter and elasticity when they were registered for a couple of hours. To better understand arterial mechanics variability, we propose to measure simultaneously aortic pressure and diameter during 24 hours in a sheep. For that purpose, we developed a portable prototype device. It allows continuously recording physiological signals throughout the day and storing them in a solid state memory for later analysis. Pulse wave velocity and Peterson modulus were assessed beat-to-beat as arterial stiffness indexes. We identified 53,762 heart beats during 24 hours that were separated into 2 groups: below or above median mean pressure (71 mmHg). Mean diameter, pulse wave velocity and Peterson modulus increased for higher pressure values (p<0.05) whereas heart rate slowed down (p<0.05). Pressure-diameter loops were successfully recreated all along the experience. This new methodology sets the basis for further experiences involving the estimation of 24 hours arterial mechanics variability.

Graf, S.; Craiem, D.; Valero, M.; Alfonso, M.; Barra, J. G.; Armentano, R. L.

2011-12-01

62

Generating 24-Hour ECG, BP and Respiratory Signals with Realistic Linear and Nonlinear Clinical Characteristics Using a Nonlinear Model  

E-print Network

Generating 24-Hour ECG, BP and Respiratory Signals with Realistic Linear and Nonlinear Clinical, London School of Economics, London, UK Abstract A nonlinear model for generating lifelike human ECG it to three ordinary differential equations, the model generates a 24-hour ECG signal. Using both standard

McSharry, Patrick E.

63

40 CFR 52.1990 - Interstate Transport for the 2006 24-hour PM2.5 NAAQS.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-07-01 false Interstate Transport for the 2006 24-hour PM2...PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS (CONTINUED) APPROVAL...Oregon § 52.1990 Interstate Transport for the 2006 24-hour PM2...addressing the requirement in Clean Air Act section...

2012-07-01

64

40 CFR 52.1990 - Interstate Transport for the 2006 24-hour PM2.5 NAAQS.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 false Interstate Transport for the 2006 24-hour PM2...PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS (CONTINUED) APPROVAL...Oregon § 52.1990 Interstate Transport for the 2006 24-hour PM2...addressing the requirement in Clean Air Act section...

2013-07-01

65

24 hour ambulatory oesophageal pH monitoring in uncomplicated Barrett's oesophagus.  

PubMed Central

The aim of this study was to compare acid reflux in 16 patients with uncomplicated Barrett's oesophagus with 37 patients with reflux oesophagitis and 10 control subjects of comparable age. All patients had 24 hour ambulatory pH monitoring within one week of endoscopy. The controls differed significantly from the other groups in all indices of reflux but there was no difference between the Barrett's oesophagus patients and the reflux oesophagitis patients in any index of reflux over the total 24 hour period. Barrett's oesophagus patients differed significantly, however, with respect to the percentage time pH < 4 and the number of reflux episodes of > five minutes during the supine period when compared with patients with grade I reflux oesophagitis, but not when compared with patients with grade II and III reflux oesophagitis. Barrett's oesophagus patients with associated grade II reflux oesophagitis had more reflux than those with no oesophagitis or grade I reflux oesophagitis. Within each disease group patients > or = 50 years had more acid reflux than patients < 50 years. The severity of acid reflux in patients with uncomplicated Barrett's oesophagus was no greater than in patients with reflux oesophagitis of comparable age. It seems probable that other factors must be important in the development of Barrett's oesophagus. PMID:7959184

Neumann, C S; Cooper, B T

1994-01-01

66

The 24-hour pulse wave velocity, aortic augmentation index, and central blood pressure in normotensive volunteers  

PubMed Central

The purpose of this study was to examine the pulse wave velocity, aortic augmentation index corrected for heart rate 75 (AIx@75), and central systolic and diastolic blood pressure during 24-hour monitoring in normotensive volunteers. Overall, 467 subjects (206 men and 261 women) were recruited in this study. Participants were excluded from the study if they were less than 19 years of age, had blood test abnormalities, had a body mass index greater than 2 7.5 kg/m2, had impaired glucose tolerance, or had hypotension or hypertension. Ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM) with the BPLab® device was performed in each subject. ABPM waveforms were analyzed using the special automatic Vasotens® algorithm, which allows the calculation of pulse wave velocity, AIx@75, central systolic and diastolic blood pressure for “24-hour”, “awake”, and “asleep” periods. Circadian rhythms and sex differences in these indexes were identified. Pending further validation in prospective outcome-based studies, our data may be used as preliminary diagnostic values for the BPLab ABPM additional index in adult subjects. PMID:24812515

Kuznetsova, Tatyana Y; Korneva, Viktoria A; Bryantseva, Evgeniya N; Barkan, Vitaliy S; Orlov, Artemy V; Posokhov, Igor N; Rogoza, Anatoly N

2014-01-01

67

Mean 24-hours sympathetic nervous system activity decreases during head-down tilted bed rest but not during microgravity  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Sympathetic nervous system activity is closely related to gravitational stress in ground based experiments. Thus a high activity is present in the standing-up position and a very low activity is observed during acute head-out water immersion. Adjustments in sympathetic activity are necessary to maintain a constant blood pressure during variations in venous return. Head-down tilted bed rest is applied as a model to simulate changes observed during microgravity. The aim of the present study was to test the hypothesis that mean 24-hours sympathetic activity was low and similar during space flight and in ground based observation obtained during long-term head-down tilted bed rest. Forearm venous plasma noradrenaline was measured by a radioenzymatic technique as an index of muscle sympathetic activity and thrombocyte noradrenaline and adrenaline were measured as indices of mean 24-hours sympathoadrenal activity. Previous results have indicated that thrombocyte noradrenaline level has a half-time of 2 days. Thus to reflect sympathetic activity during a specific experiment the study period must last for at least 6 days and a sample must be obtained within 12 hours after the experiment has ended. Ten normal healthy subjects were studied before and during a 14 days head-down tilted bed rest as well as during an ambulatory study period of a similar length. The whole experiment was repeated while the subjects were on a low calorie diet. Thrombocyte noradrenaline levels were studied in 4 cosmonauts before and within 12 hours after landing after more than 7 days in flight. Thrombocyte noradrenaline decreased markedly during the head-down tilted bed rest (p<0.001), whereas there were no significant changes in the ambulatory study. Plasma noradrenaline decreased in the adaptation period but not during the intervention. During microgravity thrombocyte noradrenaline increased in four cosmonauts and the percentage changes were significantly different in cosmonauts and in subjects participating in the head down tilted bed rest study (170± 29% (Mean± SEM) vs. 57± 7%, respectively; p<0.001). The elevated sympathetic nervous system activity is most likely a regulatory response to combined effects of a reduced plasma volume and an increased vascular capacity in flight.

Christensen, Nj; Heer, M.; Ivanova, K.; Norsk, P.

68

24-Hour Rhythms of DNA Methylation and Their Relation with Rhythms of RNA Expression in the Human Dorsolateral Prefrontal Cortex  

PubMed Central

Circadian rhythms modulate the biology of many human tissues, including brain tissues, and are driven by a near 24-hour transcriptional feedback loop. These rhythms are paralleled by 24-hour rhythms of large portions of the transcriptome. The role of dynamic DNA methylation in influencing these rhythms is uncertain. While recent work in Neurospora suggests that dynamic site-specific circadian rhythms of DNA methylation may play a role in modulating the fungal molecular clock, such rhythms and their relationship to RNA expression have not, to our knowledge, been elucidated in mammalian tissues, including human brain tissues. We hypothesized that 24-hour rhythms of DNA methylation exist in the human brain, and play a role in driving 24-hour rhythms of RNA expression. We analyzed DNA methylation levels in post-mortem human dorsolateral prefrontal cortex samples from 738 subjects. We assessed for 24-hour rhythmicity of 420,132 DNA methylation sites throughout the genome by considering methylation levels as a function of clock time of death and parameterizing these data using cosine functions. We determined global statistical significance by permutation. We then related rhythms of DNA methylation with rhythms of RNA expression determined by RNA sequencing. We found evidence of significant 24-hour rhythmicity of DNA methylation. Regions near transcription start sites were enriched for high-amplitude rhythmic DNA methylation sites, which were in turn time locked to 24-hour rhythms of RNA expression of nearby genes, with the nadir of methylation preceding peak transcript expression by 1–3 hours. Weak ante-mortem rest-activity rhythms were associated with lower amplitude DNA methylation rhythms as were older age and the presence of Alzheimer's disease. These findings support the hypothesis that 24-hour rhythms of DNA methylation, particularly near transcription start sites, may play a role in driving 24-hour rhythms of gene expression in the human dorsolateral prefrontal cortex, and may be affected by age and Alzheimer's disease. PMID:25375876

Lim, Andrew S. P.; Srivastava, Gyan P.; Yu, Lei; Chibnik, Lori B.; Xu, Jishu; Buchman, Aron S.; Schneider, Julie A.; Myers, Amanda J.; Bennett, David A.; De Jager, Philip L.

2014-01-01

69

24-hour rhythms of DNA methylation and their relation with rhythms of RNA expression in the human dorsolateral prefrontal cortex.  

PubMed

Circadian rhythms modulate the biology of many human tissues, including brain tissues, and are driven by a near 24-hour transcriptional feedback loop. These rhythms are paralleled by 24-hour rhythms of large portions of the transcriptome. The role of dynamic DNA methylation in influencing these rhythms is uncertain. While recent work in Neurospora suggests that dynamic site-specific circadian rhythms of DNA methylation may play a role in modulating the fungal molecular clock, such rhythms and their relationship to RNA expression have not, to our knowledge, been elucidated in mammalian tissues, including human brain tissues. We hypothesized that 24-hour rhythms of DNA methylation exist in the human brain, and play a role in driving 24-hour rhythms of RNA expression. We analyzed DNA methylation levels in post-mortem human dorsolateral prefrontal cortex samples from 738 subjects. We assessed for 24-hour rhythmicity of 420,132 DNA methylation sites throughout the genome by considering methylation levels as a function of clock time of death and parameterizing these data using cosine functions. We determined global statistical significance by permutation. We then related rhythms of DNA methylation with rhythms of RNA expression determined by RNA sequencing. We found evidence of significant 24-hour rhythmicity of DNA methylation. Regions near transcription start sites were enriched for high-amplitude rhythmic DNA methylation sites, which were in turn time locked to 24-hour rhythms of RNA expression of nearby genes, with the nadir of methylation preceding peak transcript expression by 1-3 hours. Weak ante-mortem rest-activity rhythms were associated with lower amplitude DNA methylation rhythms as were older age and the presence of Alzheimer's disease. These findings support the hypothesis that 24-hour rhythms of DNA methylation, particularly near transcription start sites, may play a role in driving 24-hour rhythms of gene expression in the human dorsolateral prefrontal cortex, and may be affected by age and Alzheimer's disease. PMID:25375876

Lim, Andrew S P; Srivastava, Gyan P; Yu, Lei; Chibnik, Lori B; Xu, Jishu; Buchman, Aron S; Schneider, Julie A; Myers, Amanda J; Bennett, David A; De Jager, Philip L

2014-11-01

70

Investigation of cattle methane production and emission over a 24-hour period using measurements of ?13C and ?D of emitted CH4 and rumen water  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We have conducted a series of experiments to determine the effects different diets, including the addition of unsaturated fatty acids, had on isotopic signatures of CH4 emissions from dairy cattle. Measurements of emitted ?13CH4, ?13CO2, and ?D-CH4 were made on gases collected over a 24-hour period from animal chambers containing individual Holstein cows. Some measurements of ?D-H2O from samples collected directly from the rumen were also made. We observed variation in ?13CH4 values with time after feeding and a correlation in ?13C between emitted gases and diet. The average ?13CH4 value, which includes all samples of emitted gases, was -70.6±4.9‰ (n = 57). Measurements of ?D-CH4 over the 24-hour sampling period had an average value of -357.8±15.0‰ (n = 56). These ?D measurements are among the lightest reported for CH4 produced by cattle. Our cattle data indicate that hydrogen incorporated into the CH4 produced by CO2 reduction in high H2 concentration environments is fractionated to a greater degree than that incorporated in systems with relatively low H2 conditions, such as wetlands. Our results support bacterial studies that have demonstrated large hydrogen fractionation in high H2 concentration systems during methanogenesis.

Bilek, R. S.; Tyler, S. C.; Kurihara, M.; Yagi, K.

2001-07-01

71

Factors associated with 24-hour urinary volume: the Swiss salt survey  

PubMed Central

Background Low 24-hour urine volume (24UV) may be a significant risk factor for decline in kidney function. We therefore aimed to study associated markers and possible determinants of 24UV in a sample of the Swiss population. Methods The cross-sectional Swiss Salt Study included a population-based sample of 1535 (746 men and 789 women) individuals from three linguistic regions of Switzerland. Data from 1300 subjects were available for the present analysis. 24UV was measured using 24-hour urine collection. Determinants of 24UV were identified using multivariable linear regression models. Results In bivariate analysis, 24UV was higher in women compared to men (2000 ml/24 h [interquartile range (IQR): 1354, 2562] versus 1780 ml/24 h [IQR: 1244, 2360], p?=?0.002). In multivariable regression analyses, independent associated markers of 24UV were female sex (??=?280, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 174, 386, p?

2013-01-01

72

Estimation of 24-Hour Urinary Sodium Excretion Using Spot Urine Samples  

PubMed Central

The present study evaluated the reliability of equations using spot urine (SU) samples in the estimation of 24-hour urine sodium excretion (24-HUNa). Equations estimating 24-HUNa from SU samples were derived from first-morning SU of 101 participants (52.4 ± 11.1 years, range 24–70 years). Equations developed by us and other investigators were validated with SU samples from a separate group of participants (n = 224, 51.0 ± 10.9 years, range 24–70 years). Linear, quadratic, and cubic equations were derived from first-morning SU samples because these samples had a sodium/creatinine ratio having the highest correlation coefficient for 24-HUNa/creatinine ratio (r = 0.728, p < 0.001). In the validation group, the estimated 24-HUNa showed significant correlations with measured 24-HUNa values. The estimated 24-HUNa by the linear, quadratic, and cubic equations developed from our study were not significantly different from measured 24-HUNa, while estimated 24-HUNa by previously developed equations were significantly different from measured 24-HUNa values. The limits of agreement between measured and estimated 24-HUNa by six equations exceeded 100 mmol/24-hour in the Bland-Altman analysis. All equations showed a tendency of under- or over-estimation of 24-HUNa, depending on the level of measured 24-HUNa. Estimation of 24-HUNa from single SU by equations as tested in the present study was found to be inadequate for the estimation of an individual’s 24-HUNa. PMID:24955740

Rhee, Moo-Yong; Kim, Ji-Hyun; Shin, Sung-Joon; Gu, Namyi; Nah, Deuk-Young; Hong, Kyung-Soon; Cho, Eun-Joo; Sung, Ki-Chul

2014-01-01

73

Fasting for 24 Hours Heightens Reward from Food and Food-Related Cues  

PubMed Central

Introduction We examined the impact of a 24 hour complete fast (vs. fed state) on two measures of food reward: 1) ‘wanting’, as measured by response to food images and by the relative-reinforcing value of food (RRV), and 2) ‘liking’, as measured by response to food images and the hedonic evaluation of foods consumed. Methods Utilizing a randomized crossover design, 15 subjects (9 male; 6 female) aged 28.6±4.5 yrs with body mass index 25.3±1.4 kg/m2 were randomized and counterbalanced to normal feeding (FED) and 24-hour fast (FASTED) conditions. Trait characteristics were measured with the Three Factor Eating Questionnaire. Two computer tasks measured food reward: 1) RRV progressive ratio task, 2) explicit ‘liking’ and ‘wanting’ (Leeds Food Preference Questionnaire, LFPQ). Also measured were ad libitum energy intake (EI; buffet) and food ‘liking’ (visual analogue scale) of personalized stimuli. Results There were no significant anthropometric changes between conditions. Appetite scores, hedonic ratings of ‘liking’, and ad libitum EI all significantly increased under the FASTED condition (p<0.05). Under the FASTED condition there were significant increases in the RRV of snack foods; similarly, explicit ‘wanting’ and ‘liking’ significantly increased for all food categories. ‘Liking’ of sweet foods remained high across-meals under FASTED, but savory foods decreased in hedonic saliency. Conclusion Relative to a fed state, we observed an increase in hedonic ratings of food, the rewarding value of food, and food intake after a 24 hr fast. Alliesthesia to food and food cues is suggested by heightened hedonic ratings under the FASTED condition relative to FED. PMID:24454949

Cameron, Jameason D.; Goldfield, Gary S.; Finlayson, Graham; Blundell, John E.; Doucet, Eric

2014-01-01

74

The effect of Operation 24 Hours on reducing collision in the City of Edmonton.  

PubMed

In the City of Edmonton, in order to reduce the prevalence of collisions, the Operation 24 Hours program (OPS24) was developed by using existing police and transportation services resources. The program uses traditional manned police speed enforcement method, which are supplemented by traffic safety messages displayed on permanent and mobile dynamic messaging signs (DMS). In this paper, collision data analysis was performed by looking at the daily number of collisions from 2008 to 2011 that covers 28 Operation 24 Hours (OPS24) events. The objective of the collision data analysis is to analyze if there is a reduction in collision frequencies after OPS24 was held and examined how long the collision reduction effect last. Weather factors such as temperature, thickness of snow, and wind gust have been considered by many as a great influence on collision occurrences, especially in a city with long and cold winter such as Edmonton. Therefore, collision modeling was performed by considering these external weather factors. To analyze the linear and periodic trend of different collision types (injury, fatal, and property damage only (PDO)) and examine the influence of weather factors on collisions, negative binomial time series model that accounts for seasonality and weather factors was used to model daily collision data. The modeling also considered collision proportion to account for missing traffic volume data; the Gaussian time series model that accounts for seasonality and weather factors was used to model collision proportion. To estimate the collision trend and test for changes in collision levels before/after OPS24, interrupted time series model with segmented regression was used. While for estimating how long the effect of the OPS24 last, change point method was applied. PMID:23727551

Halim, Siana; Jiang, Heming

2013-09-01

75

76 FR 14812 - Additional Air Quality Designations for the 2006 24-Hour Fine Particle National Ambient Air...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...RIN-2060-AQ30 Additional Air Quality Designations for the 2006 24-Hour Fine Particle National Ambient Air Quality Standards, 110(k...Classifications for the Annual Fine Particles National Ambient Air Quality Standards...

2011-03-18

76

The 24-hour report as an effective monitoring and communication tool in infection prevention and control in nursing homes.  

PubMed

Twenty-four-hour reports are filled out by nurses daily to monitor nursing home residents and document any changes in resident status. Semistructured interviews conducted with ICPs from 12 southeast Michigan nursing homes showed that although 24-hour reports were used, they were not standardized for infection prevention activities. Our results indicate 24-hour reports can be an effective communication tool and potentially aid in early recognition of infections and outbreaks. PMID:25278405

Fisch, Jay; McNamara, Sara E; Lansing, Bonnie J; Mody, Lona

2014-10-01

77

The impact of weight loss on the 24-hour profile of circulating peptide YY and its association with 24-hour ghrelin in normal weight premenopausal women  

PubMed Central

Peptide YY (PYY) and ghrelin exhibit a reciprocal association and antagonistic physiological effects in the peripheral circulation. Research has yet to clarify the effect of weight loss on the 24h profile of PYY or its association to 24h ghrelin. We sought to determine if diet- and exercise-induced weight loss affects the 24h profile of PYY and its association with 24h ghrelin in normal weight, premenopausal women. Participants (n=13) were assessed at baseline (BL) and after a 3-month diet and exercise intervention (Post). Blood samples obtained q10 min for 24h were assayed for total PYY and total ghrelin q60 min from 0800–1000h and 2000–0800h and q20 min from 1000–2000h. The ghrelin/PYY ratio was used as an index of hormonal exposure. Statistical analyses included paired t-tests and linear mixed effects modeling. Body weight (?1.85±0.67kg; p=0.02), and body fat (?2.53±0.83%; p=0.01) decreased from BL to post. Ghrelin AUC (5252±2177pg/ml/24hr; p=0.03), 24h mean (216±90pg/ml; p=0.03) and peak (300±134pg/ml; p=0.047) increased from BL to post. No change occurred in PYY AUC (88.2±163.7pg/ml; p=0.60), 24h mean (4.8±6.9pg/ml; p=0.50) or peak (3.6±6.4pg/ml; p=0.58). The 24h association between PYY and ghrelin at baseline (p=0.04) was weakened at post (p=0.14); however, the ghrelin/PYY lunch ratio increased (p=0.01) indicating the potential for ghrelin predominance over PYY in the circulation. PYY and ghrelin are reciprocally associated during a period of weight stability, but not following weight loss. An “uncoupling” may have occurred, particularly at lunch, due to factors that modulate ghrelin in response to weight loss. PMID:24012997

Hill, Brenna R.; De Souza, Mary Jane; Wagstaff, David A.; Williams, Nancy I.

2013-01-01

78

Comparison of 24-hour cardiovascular and autonomic function in paraplegia, tetraplegia, and control groups: Implications for cardiovascular risk  

PubMed Central

Background Fluctuations in 24-hour cardiovascular hemodynamics, specifically heart rate (HR) and blood pressure (BP), are thought to reflect autonomic nervous system (ANS) activity. Persons with spinal cord injury (SCI) represent a model of ANS dysfunction, which may affect 24-hour hemodynamics and predispose these individuals to increased cardiovascular disease risk. Objective To determine 24-hour cardiovascular and ANS function among individuals with tetraplegia (n = 20; TETRA: C4–C8), high paraplegia (n = 10; HP: T2–T5), low paraplegia (n = 9; LP: T7–T12), and non-SCI controls (n = 10). Twenty-four-hour ANS function was assessed by time domain parameters of heart rate variability (HRV); the standard deviation of the 5-minute average R–R intervals (SDANN; milliseconds/ms), and the root-mean square of the standard deviation of the R–R intervals (rMSSD; ms). Subjects wore 24-hour ambulatory monitors to record HR, HRV, and BP. Mixed analysis of variance (ANOVA) revealed significantly lower 24-hour BP in the tetraplegic group; however, BP did not differ between the HP, LP, and control groups. Mixed ANOVA suggested significantly elevated 24-hour HR in the HP and LP groups compared to the TETRA and control groups (P < 0.05); daytime HR was higher in both paraplegic groups compared to the TETRA and control groups (P < 0.01) and nighttime HR was significantly elevated in the LP group compared to the TETRA and control groups (P < 0.01). Twenty-four-hour SDANN was significantly increased in the HP group compared to the LP and TETRA groups (P < 0.05) and rMSSD was significantly lower in the LP compared to the other three groups (P < 0.05). Elevated 24-hour HR in persons with paraplegia, in concert with altered HRV dynamics, may impart significant adverse cardiovascular consequences, which are currently unappreciated. PMID:21903013

Rosado-Rivera, Dwindally; Radulovic, M.; Handrakis, John P.; Cirnigliaro, Christopher M.; Jensen, A. Marley; Kirshblum, Steve; Bauman, William A.; Wecht, Jill Maria

2011-01-01

79

Reperfusion injury after 24 hours cold storage of donor hearts. Possible role of leukocyte activation.  

PubMed

The role of neutrophils on the development of reperfusion injury was evaluated in canine hearts. Reperfusion was performed with a closed reperfusion system. 18 dog hearts were arrested by a single dose of National Institute of Health cardioplegia and stored cold (0.5 degrees C) for 24 hours. Thereafter they were randomly attached to one of the following groups. Group I: reperfusion with whole blood (n = 6), group II: reperfusion with low-leukocyte blood (n = 6), group III: reperfusion with low-leukocyte blood plus phenyl-isopropyl adenosine (PIA) (n = 6). Hearts in group I showed an increase of high energy phosphates (HEP) within the first 30 minutes, and a significant decrease during the subsequent 30 minutes. Concomitantly the initially soft hearts turned into stone hearts. In group II and III a significant increase of HEP was seen during the entire reperfusion. After 60 minutes of reperfusion myocardial ATP levels in group III were significantly higher than in group I. All hearts in group III were soft after reperfusion. It is concluded that reperfusion injury appears to be dependent upon the presence and activation of neutrophils, which can be partially prevented by reperfusion with low-leukocyte blood and more so by the simultaneous administration of PIA. PMID:2349552

Möllhoff, T; Sukehiro, S; Van Aken, H; Flameng, W

1990-04-01

80

Recent Medical Device Recalls  

MedlinePLUS

... is a Medical Device Recall? Recalls Database Safety Communications MedWatch: The FDA Safety Information and Adverse Event Reporting Program FDA 101: Product Recalls - From First Alert to Effectiveness Checks [ARCHIVED] Older Recalls 2011 Medical Device Recalls [ ...

81

49 CFR 375.607 - What must I do if I am able to tender a shipment for final delivery more than 24 hours before a...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...able to tender a shipment for final delivery more than 24 hours before a specified...Transportation (Continued) FEDERAL MOTOR CARRIER SAFETY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT...able to tender a shipment for final delivery more than 24 hours before a...

2010-10-01

82

Weight/age-dependent glucose turnover (GTO) in fed and 24 hour fasted rats  

SciTech Connect

In small animals such as the rat, cardiac output and oxygen consumption are constant with age when normalized to the body surface area but not to body weight (BW). The authors explored this relationship for GTO in pentobarbital-anesthetized fed and 24 hours fasted Sprague-Dawley rats weighing between 200 and 55 g. A bolus of 10 {mu}Ci/kg BW of (6-{sup 3}H)-glucose was injected into the carotid artery followed by a constant infusion equal to 1.5 {mu}Ci/minute *kg BW and samples taken from the right atrium every 15 minutes for glucose specific activity (SA) measurements over a 2 period. Steady state measurements of GTO ({mu}mol/minute) plotted as a function of BW (g) revealed GTO to be inversely related in fed rats but independent of BW in fasted rats. Although plasma (glucose) was significantly lower in fasted rats, there were no weight related differences within each group. Fasting decreased GTO across the whole range of body weights; however, the magnitude of the fasting effect was much larger in the smaller animals (50% lower) compared to the larger animals (25% lower). Although the lean body mass is increasing in this range of BW, the decrease in GTO indicates an age/weight-related decrease in glucose utilization which diminishes the effect of fasting as the animal grows. This data explains the inconsistency in the literature regarding the fasting effect on GTO in the rat and emphasizes the importance of weight/age matching of experimental groups to minimize the variability in the data when GTO is of interest.

Pearce, F.J.; Connett, R.J. (Univ. of Rochester, NY (United States))

1990-02-26

83

24 Hour ST Segment Analysis in Transient Left Ventricular Apical Ballooning  

PubMed Central

Objective The etiologic basis of transient left ventricular apical ballooning, a novel cardiac syndrome, is not clear. Among the proposed pathomechanisms is coronary vasospasm. Long-term ST segment analysis may detect vasospastic episodes but has not been reported. Methods 30 consecutive patients with transient left ventricular apical ballooning, left ventricular dysfunction and normal or near-normal coronary arteries were investigated. A 24-hour Holter ECG was obtained after emergency admission. ST segment analysis was performed automatically in 2 leads and confirmed by visual inspection. Criteria for an ischemic event were: 1. ST elevation or 2. horizontal or down-sloping ST segments ?1 min duration and ?100 µV J+80 point deviation corrected for baseline ST-deviation. Results Patients presented with ST segment elevation (n?=?19) and/or T wave inversion (n?=?20) on admission ECG. Ejection fraction was 50±12%. No transient ST elevations were observed during Holter ECG analysis. In 3 patients, 8 transient episodes of ST depression were recorded. Durations of episodes varied between 75s and 790s (mean 229s). Maximal ST deviation averaged ?191±71 µV. Ischemic burden was ?1 to ?22 mVs (mean ?8 mVs). 27 patients showed no ischemic events. Conclusions ST segment analysis of 24 h Holter recordings revealed minor ischemic events in only 10% of patients with transient left ventricular apical ballooning. Overall, ST segment changes were not indicative of recurrent coronary spasm playing a major role in the genesis of transient left ventricular apical ballooning. PMID:23505493

Bode, Frank; Burgdorf, Christof; Schunkert, Heribert; Kurowski, Volkhard

2013-01-01

84

24-hour time-dependent aspirin efficacy in patients with stable coronary artery disease.  

PubMed

Aspirin-induced cyclooxygenase (COX)-1 acetylation is irreversible and it is assumed that the platelet thromboxane-A2 aggregation pathway is inhibited for at least 24 hours (h) after aspirin ingestion. However, time course of biological efficacy of daily low-dose aspirin has rarely been assessed in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). We aimed to assess the 24-h biological efficacy of daily low-dose aspirin in CAD patients. The peak and trough (2 h-24 h) effect of a chronic treatment with once daily dose aspirin were studied in 150 consecutive stable CAD patients. The main outcome measure was light transmission aggregometry (LTA) triggered with 0.5 mg/ml arachidonic acid (AA). In the last 47 consecutive patients, additional tests were conducted at 6, 12, 16, 20 h after last aspirin administration. 4.7% of the patients had significant aggregation (>20% maximal intensity LTA-AA) 2 h after aspirin ingestion and 24.7% at 24 h (p<0.0001). The more precise assessments in the last 47 patients showed that significant platelet aggregation progressively reappeared with time after aspirin intake (2 h--4% of patients, 6 h-- 4%, 12 h--11%, 16 h--16%, 20 h--19% and 24 h--28%). Concordant results were observed using production of thromboxane-B2 and other techniques evaluating AA-induced platelet aggregation/activation. No significant differences were found between lower (75-100 mg/day) and higher (>100 mg/day) dose aspirin. Such aspirin «resistance» at 24 h after ingestion was related to biological inflammatory markers, current smoking and diabetes. In conclusion, once daily aspirin does not provide stable 24-h antiplatelet protection in a significant proportion of CAD patients. Any biological assessment of aspirin efficacy should take time since last aspirin intake into consideration. PMID:21136023

Henry, Patrick; Vermillet, Adeline; Boval, Bernadette; Guyetand, Carine; Petroni, Thibaut; Dillinger, Jean-Guillaume; Sideris, Georgios; Sollier, Claire Bal dit; Drouet, Ludovic

2011-02-01

85

Resistance training decreases 24-hour blood pressure in women with metabolic syndrome  

PubMed Central

Background The purpose of this study was to verify the effects of eight weeks of resistance training (RT) on 24 hour blood pressure (BP) in patients with and without metabolic syndrome (MetS). Methods Seventeen women volunteered to participate in this study, 9 with MetS (37.0?±?8.7 yrs; body mass 77.3?±?9.7 kg; body mass index 30.3?±?4.2 kg?·?m-2) and 8 without MetS (35.1?±?7.2 yrs; body mass 61.3?±?8.1 kg; body mass index 24.2?±?2.5 kg?·?m-2). Individuals were subjected to eight weeks (3 times/week) of whole body RT comprised of one exercise for each main muscle group with three sets of 8–12 repetitions of each subject’s maximal load . A rest interval of one minute was allowed between sets and exercises. Twenty-four hour BP was measured by ambulatory blood pressure monitoring. Results Mean and diastolic night-time BP decreased (?3.9 mmHg, p?=?0.04; -5.5 mmHg, p?=?0.03, respectively) after eight weeks of training in MetS patients. This decrease was observed at 11:00 pm, 02:00 am (only diastolic), 07:00 am, and 6:00 pm. There was no training effect on BP in women without MetS. Conclusions Considering the elevation of BP as a contributor to the pathogenesis of MetS, and also to the increase of cardiovascular risk, this study supports RT as a non-pharmacological therapy in the management of BP control for MetS. PMID:23711286

2013-01-01

86

Thallium reinjection after stress-redistribution imaging. Does 24-hour delayed imaging after reinjection enhance detection of viable myocardium  

SciTech Connect

Thallium reinjection immediately after conventional stress-redistribution imaging improves the detection of viable myocardium, as many myocardial regions with apparently 'irreversible' thallium defects on standard 3-4-hour redistribution images manifest enhanced thallium uptake after reinjection. Because the 10-minute period between reinjection and imaging may be too short, the present study was designed to determine whether 24-hour imaging after thallium reinjection provides additional information regarding myocardial viability beyond that obtained by imaging shortly after reinjection. We studied 50 patients with chronic stable coronary artery disease undergoing exercise thallium tomography, radionuclide angiography, and coronary arteriography. Immediately after the 3-4-hour redistribution images were obtained, 1 mCi thallium was injected at rest, and images were reacquired at 10 minutes and 24 hours after reinjection. The stress, redistribution, reinjection, and 24-hour images were then analyzed qualitatively and quantitatively. Of the 127 abnormal myocardial regions on the stress images, 55 had persistent defects on redistribution images by qualitative analysis, of which 25 (45%) demonstrated improved thallium uptake after reinjection. At the 24-hour study, 23 of the 25 regions (92%) with previously improved thallium uptake by reinjection showed no further improvement. Similarly, of the 30 regions determined to have irreversible defects after reinjection, 29 (97%) remained irreversible on 24-hour images. These findings were confirmed by the quantitative analysis. The mean normalized thallium activity in regions with enhanced thallium activity after reinjection increased from 57 +/- 13% on redistribution studies to 70 +/- 14% after reinjection but did not change at 24 hours (71 +/- 14%).

Dilsizian, V.; Smeltzer, W.R.; Freedman, N.M.; Dextras, R.; Bonow, R.O. (National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD (USA))

1991-04-01

87

Sex differences in 24-hour ultra-marathon performance - A retrospective data analysis from 1977 to 2012  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVES: This study examined the changes in running performance and the sex differences between women and men in 24-hour ultra-marathons held worldwide from 1977 to 2012. METHOD: Changes in running speed and ages of the fastest 24-hour ultra-marathoners were determined using single- and multi-level regression analyses. RESULTS: From 1977 to 2012, the sex differences in 24-hour ultra-marathon performance were 4.6±0.5% for all women and men, 13.3% for the annual fastest finishers, 12.9±0.8% for the top 10 and 12.2±0.4% for the top 100 finishers. Over time, the sex differences decreased for the annual fastest finishers to 17%, for the annual 10 fastest finishers to 11.3±2.2% and for the annual 100 fastest finishers to 14.2±1.8%. For the annual fastest men, the age of peak running speed increased from 23 years (1977) to 53 years (2012). For the annual 10 and 100 fastest men, the ages of peak running speed were unchanged at 40.9±2.5 and 44.4±1.1 years, respectively. For women, the ages of the annual fastest, the annual 10 fastest and the annual 100 fastest remained unchanged at 43.0±6.1, 43.2±2.6 and 43.8±0.8 years, respectively. CONCLUSION: The gap between the annual top, annual top 10 and annual top 100 female and male 24-hour ultra-marathoners decreased over the last 35 years; however, it seems unlikely that women will outrun men in 24-hour ultra-marathons in the near future. The fastest 24-hour ultra-marathoners worldwide achieved their peak performance at the age of master athletes (>35 years). PMID:24473558

Peter, Laura; Rust, Christoph Alexander; Knechtle, Beat; Rosemann, Thomas; Lepers, Romuald

2014-01-01

88

Relationship among morning blood pressure surge, 24-hour blood pressure variability, and cardiovascular outcomes in a white population.  

PubMed

Cardiovascular events have their greatest prevalence in the early morning period. Whether this is attributable to an arousal-dependent blood pressure (BP) increase is far from being clear. It is also not clear to what extent this phenomenon reflects overall 24-hour BP variability. In 2051 subjects (aged 25-74 years) representative of the population of Monza (Italy), we measured 24-hour ambulatory systolic BP (SBP) and calculated the difference between the 2-hour average values after morning arousal and the lowest 3 or average 2-hour values before arousal (morning BP surge 1 and 2, respectively). For either measure, we sought the relationship with a variety of indices of 24-hour SBP variability and collected information on (1) the occurrence of cardiovascular and all cause deaths during a follow-up of ?16 years and (2) the appearance of echocardiographic left ventricular hypertrophy after 10 years from the baseline visit. Morning SBP surge 1 was directly related to indices of 24-hour SBP variability, including those made independent on the magnitude of the day-night SBP difference. There was a weak positive relationship between morning SBP surge 1 and the risk of cardiovascular and all-cause death, which disappeared after adjustment for confounders. This was the case also for development of left ventricular hypertrophy. Morning SBP surge 2 was smaller, inconsistently related to 24-hour SBP variability and not at all related to fatal events or new-onset left ventricular hypertrophy. In a white population, morning BP surge was not found to be an independent predictor of cardiovascular death, all-cause death, or development of high cardiovascular risk (as documented by new-onset cardiac damage) even when appropriately assessed by measures that reflect its association with 24-hour BP variability. PMID:25156170

Bombelli, Michele; Fodri, Danilo; Toso, Elena; Macchiarulo, Mario; Cairo, Matteo; Facchetti, Rita; Dell'Oro, Raffaella; Grassi, Guido; Mancia, Giuseppe

2014-11-01

89

Adherence to high-carbohydrate, high-fiber diets.  

PubMed

Successful diabetes management demands a high degree of adherence. Adherence to medical prescriptions, particularly special diets, is notoriously poor. A study of 40 individuals with IDDM and NIDDM who were followed an average of 23 months found good or excellent dietary adherence in 70% of subjects; only 5% demonstrated poor adherence. Adherence was assessed objectively based on carbohydrate, fat, and fiber intakes reported in 24-hour food recalls, 7-day food frequency surveys, and home food records. High dietary fiber intake may independently enhance adherence, perhaps by increasing satiety or because of the simplicity of the concept. Good communication between the health professional and patient is also fundamental to all stages of dietary adherence. Use of adherence-enhancing techniques throughout adoption of new diet behaviors promotes long-term adherence to high-carbohydrate, high-fiber diets. PMID:2550195

Anderson, J W; Gustafson, N J

1989-01-01

90

Non-24-Hour Disorder in Blind Individuals Revisited: Variability and the Influence of Environmental Time Cues  

PubMed Central

Study Objectives: To assess the interindividual and intraindividual variability in the circadian rhythms of blind individuals with non-24-h disorder and to quantify the influence of environmental time cues in blind subjects lacking entrainment (non-24-h individuals or N-24s). Design: An observational study of 21 N-24s (11 females and 10 males, age 9-78 years) who kept a sleep/wake schedule of their choosing. Circadian phase was determined using the melatonin onset (MO) from plasma or saliva samples that were collected every 2 weeks. Melatonin concentrations were measured by radioimmunoassay. A total of 469 MO assessments were conducted over 5,536 days of study. The rate of drift of circadian phase was calculated using a series of MOs (total number of hours the MO drifted divided by the total number of days studied). Stability of the rest/activity rhythm was calculated using chi-squared periodogram analysis of wrist actigraphy data in 19 subjects. Setting: Academic medical center. Participants: Paid volunteers. Interventions: N/A. Measurements and Results: Subjects lacked entrainment such that circadian phase drifted an average (± standard deviation) of 0.39 ± 0.29 h later per day; however, there was notable intersubject and intrasubject variability in the rate of drift including relative coordination and periods of transient entrainment during which there was little to no drift in the circadian phase. A regular, reproducible, and significant oscillation in the rate of drift was detected in 14 of the 21 subjects. A significant non-24-h rest/activity rhythm was detected in 18 of 19 subjects. There was a strong correlation (r = 0.793, P = 0.0001) between the non-24-h rest/activity rhythm and the rate of drift of the circadian phase. Conclusions: Most N-24s are influenced by unidentified environmental time cues and the non-entrained biological clock in such N-24s is reflected in their rest/activity rhythms. These findings may have diagnostic and treatment implications: this disorder might be diagnosed with actigraphy alone, relative coordination and transient entrainment may result in misdiagnosis and responsiveness to environmental time cues may influence treatment success with oral melatonin. Citation: Emens JS; Laurie AL; Songer JB; Lewy AJ. Non-24-hour disorder in blind individuals revisited: variability and the influence of environmental time cues. SLEEP 2013;36(7):1091-1100. PMID:23814347

Emens, Jonathan S.; Laurie, Amber L.; Songer, Jeannie B.; Lewy, Alfred J.

2013-01-01

91

Traumatic Brain Injury Has Not Prominent Effects on Cardiopulmonary Indices of Rat after 24 Hours: Hemodynamic, Histopathology, and Biochemical Evidence  

PubMed Central

Background: Accidents are the second reason for mortality and morbidity in Iran. Among them, brain injuries are the most important damage. Clarification of the effects of brain injuries on different body systems will help physicians to prioritize their treatment strategies. In this study, the effect of pure brain trauma on the cardiovascular system and lungs 24 hours post trauma was assessed. Methods: Male Wistar rats (n = 32) were divided into sham control and traumatic brain injury (TBI) groups. In TBI animals, under deep anesthesia, a blow to the head was induced by the fall of a 450 g weight from 2 m height. Twenty four hours later, heart electrocardiogram and functional indices, cardiac troponin I, IL-6, TNF-, IL-I? in tissue and serum, and the histopathology of heart and lung were assessed. Results: The results showed that none of the functional, biochemical, inflammatory, and histopathology indices was statistically different between the two groups at 24 hours post TBI. Indices of impulse conduction velocity in atrium (P wave duration and P-R interval) were significantly longer in the TBI group. Conclusion: Overall, no important functional and histopathologic disturbances were found in heart and lung of TBI group after 24 hours. If the data is reproduced in human studies, the medical team could allocate their priority to treatment of brain disorders of the victim in the first 24 hours of pure TBI and postpone extensive assessment of heart and lung health indices to later time, thus reducing patient and health system expenditures. PMID:25326021

Najafipour, Hamid; Siahposht Khachaki, Ali; Khaksari, Mohammad; Shahouzehi, Beydolah; Joukar, Siyavash; Poursalehi, Hamid Reza

2014-01-01

92

Accident/Incident Reporting Form & Investigation Report FAX COMPLETED FORM (Within 24 hours) TO: 519-661-2079 (82079)  

E-print Network

Accident/Incident Reporting Form & Investigation Report FAX COMPLETED FORM (Within 24 hours) TO ­ Accident/Incident Reporting Form PART A Name of Employee: ______________________________________ Employee: Report Only Accident Incident No Injury/Hazard First Aid Lost Time Non-Lost Time (If Report Only

Lennard, William N.

93

Intubation success rates by air ambulance personnel during 12- versus 24-hour shifts: Does fatigue make a difference?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objectives. To determine whether the skill performance and psychomotor agility, as measured by the endotracheal intubation success rate, of air ambulance medical personnel would be affected by the potential fatigue incurred when increasing the length of their shifts from 12 to 24 hours. Methods. This was a retrospective review of all flight and intubation records from a large air medical

Todd L. Allen; Theodore R. Delbridge; Mark H. Stevens; Dederia Nicholas

2001-01-01

94

Self-Renewal and Differentiation Capacity of Urine-Derived Stem Cells after Urine Preservation for 24 Hours  

PubMed Central

Despite successful approaches to preserve organs, tissues, and isolated cells, the maintenance of stem cell viability and function in body fluids during storage for cell distribution and transportation remains unexplored. The aim of this study was to characterize urine-derived stem cells (USCs) after optimal preservation of urine specimens for up to 24 hours. A total of 415 urine specimens were collected from 12 healthy men (age range 20–54 years old). About 6×104 cells shed off from the urinary tract system in 24 hours. At least 100 USC clones were obtained from the stored urine specimens after 24 hours and maintained similar biological features to fresh USCs. The stored USCs had a “rice grain” shape in primary culture, and expressed mesenchymal stem cell surface markers, high telomerase activity, and normal karyotypes. Importantly, the preserved cells retained bipotent differentiation capacity. Differentiated USCs expressed myogenic specific proteins and contractile function when exposed to myogenic differentiation medium, and they expressed urothelial cell-specific markers and barrier function when exposed to urothelial differentiation medium. These data demonstrated that up to 75% of fresh USCs can be safely persevered in urine for 24 hours and that these cells stored in urine retain their original stem cell properties, indicating that preserved USCs could be available for potential use in cell-based therapy or clinical diagnosis. PMID:23349776

Shi, Yingai; Bharadwaj, Shantaram; Leng, Xiaoyan; Zhou, Xiaobo; Liu, Hong; Atala, Anthony; Zhang, Yuanyuan

2013-01-01

95

Relationship of wall-to-lumen ratio of retinal arterioles with clinic and 24-hour blood pressure.  

PubMed

Wall-to-lumen ratio of retinal arterioles might serve as an in vivo parameter of vascular damage. We analyzed the impact of brachial clinic blood pressure (BP), of central BP, and of 24-hour BP on wall-to-lumen ratio (WLR) of retinal arterioles. In 295 subjects (147 men; age range, 22-72 years; mean age, 54±7 years), WLR of retinal arterioles was assessed in vivo using scanning laser Doppler flowmetry. In addition, clinic and 24-hour BP values were measured. Central hemodynamics was assessed by pulse wave analysis. In treated patients with essential hypertension (n=100), a higher WLR (0.29±0.18 versus 0.23±0.13; P=0.009) was observed in comparison with normotensive individuals (n=119); no significant differences were observed between treated and untreated hypertensive patients (0.29±0.18 versus 0.28±0.18; P=0.7). WLR of retinal arterioles was significantly related to clinic systolic (r=0.18; P=0.002) and pulse pressure (r=0.20; P=0.001), to 24-hour systolic (r=0.25; P=0.0001) and pulse pressure (r=0.17; P=0.005), and to central systolic (r=0.16; P=0.006) and pulse pressure (r=0.18; P=0.002). Multiple regression analysis revealed that only mean systolic 24-hour BP was independently associated with an increased WLR of retinal arterioles. In this large group of hypertensive patients and normotensive individuals, 24-hour systolic BP seems to be the strongest determinant of increased WLR of retinal arterioles. PMID:24516107

Salvetti, Massimo; Agabiti Rosei, Claudia; Paini, Anna; Aggiusti, Carlo; Cancarini, Anna; Duse, Sarah; Semeraro, Francesco; Rizzoni, Damiano; Agabiti Rosei, Enrico; Muiesan, Maria Lorenza

2014-05-01

96

Identifying Recalled Products  

MedlinePLUS Videos and Cool Tools

... Recall Information for Consumers Recalls, Market Withdrawals, & Safety Alerts Recalled Product Photos on Flickr - - Related Consumer Updates FDA 101: Product Recalls - From First Alert to Effectiveness Checks [ARCHIVED] Start at the Store: ...

97

Changes in foot volume, body composition, and hydration status in male and female 24-hour ultra-mountain bikers  

PubMed Central

Background The effects of running and cycling on changes in hydration status and body composition during a 24-hour race have been described previously, but data for 24-hour ultra-mountain bikers are missing. The present study investigated changes in foot volume, body composition, and hydration status in male and female 24-hour ultra-mountain bikers. Methods We compared in 49 (37 men and 12 women) 24-hour ultra-mountain bikers (ultra-MTBers) changes (?) in body mass (BM). Fat mass (FM), percent body fat (%BF) and skeletal muscle mass (SM) were estimated using anthropometric methods. Changes in total body water (TBW), extracellular fluid (ECF) and intracellular fluid (ICF) were determined using bioelectrical impedance and changes in foot volume using plethysmography. Haematocrit, plasma [Na+], plasma urea, plasma osmolality, urine urea, urine specific gravity and urine osmolality were measured in a subgroup of 25 ultra-MTBers (16 men and 9 women). Results In male 24-hour ultra-MTBers, BM (P??0.05). A significant correlation was found between post-race BM and post-race FM (r?=?0.63, P??0.05). Absolute ranking in the race was related to ?%BM (P??0.05). Conclusions Male and female 24-hour ultra-MTBers experienced a significant loss in BM and FM, whereas SM remained stable. Body weight changes and increases in plasma urea do not reflect a change in body hydration status. No oedema of the lower limbs occurred. PMID:24661412

2014-01-01

98

Study on Operation Optimization of Pumping Station's 24 Hours Operation under Influences of Tides and Peak-Valley Electricity Prices  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

According to different processes of tides and peak-valley electricity prices, this paper determines the optimal start up time in pumping station's 24 hours operation between the rating state and adjusting blade angle state respectively based on the optimization objective function and optimization model for single-unit pump's 24 hours operation taking JiangDu No.4 Pumping Station for example. In the meantime, this paper proposes the following regularities between optimal start up time of pumping station and the process of tides and peak-valley electricity prices each day within a month: (1) In the rating and adjusting blade angle state, the optimal start up time in pumping station's 24 hours operation which depends on the tide generation at the same day varies with the process of tides. There are mainly two kinds of optimal start up time which include the time at tide generation and 12 hours after it. (2) In the rating state, the optimal start up time on each day in a month exhibits a rule of symmetry from 29 to 28 of next month in the lunar calendar. The time of tide generation usually exists in the period of peak electricity price or the valley one. The higher electricity price corresponds to the higher minimum cost of water pumping at unit, which means that the minimum cost of water pumping at unit depends on the peak-valley electricity price at the time of tide generation on the same day. (3) In the adjusting blade angle state, the minimum cost of water pumping at unit in pumping station's 24 hour operation depends on the process of peak-valley electricity prices. And in the adjusting blade angle state, 4.85%˜5.37% of the minimum cost of water pumping at unit will be saved than that of in the rating state.

Yi, Gong; Jilin, Cheng; Lihua, Zhang; Rentian, Zhang

2010-06-01

99

Statins, antihypertensive treatment, and blood pressure control in clinic and over 24 hours: evidence from PHYLLIS randomised double blind trial  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective To investigate the possibility that statins reduce blood pressure as well as cholesterol concentrations through clinic and 24 hour ambulatory blood pressure monitoring.Design Randomised placebo controlled double blind trial.Setting 13 hospitals in ItalyParticipants 508 patients with mild hypertension and hypercholesterolaemia, aged 45 to 70 years.Intervention Participants were randomised to antihypertensive treatment (hydrochlorothiazide 25 mg once daily or fosinopril 20

Giuseppe Mancia; Gianfranco Parati; Miriam Revera; Grzegorz Bilo; Andrea Giuliano; Fabrizio Veglia; Gaetano Crepaldi; Alberto Zanchetti

2010-01-01

100

Comparison of the effects of amlodipine and diltiazem on 24-hour blood pressure, plasma catecholamines, and left ventricular mass  

Microsoft Academic Search

In 30 patients with mild to moderate essential hypertension and high-normal left ventricular (LV) mass, the effects of treatment for 6 months with amlodipine (5 to 10 mg every morning) versus diltiazem-sustained release (SR) (90 to 180 mg twice daily) on 24-hour blood pressure (BP), plasma catecholamines, and echocardiographic estimates of LV mass and function were evaluated. Both amlodipine and

Frans H. H. Leenen; Anne Fourney

1996-01-01

101

Prediction of 24-hour protein excretion in pregnancy with a single voided urine protein-to-creatinine ratio  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: This study was undertaken to validate the prediction of 24- hour urine protein excretion by a single voided urine protein-to-creatinine (P:C) ratio in a hospitalized pregnant population at our institution. We sought to evaluate the ability of serial single voided P:C ratios to follow the course of proteinuria. Study Design: Pregnant patients who were admitted to the antepartum unit

Adrienne B. Neithardt; Sharon L. Dooley; Jayme Borensztajn

2002-01-01

102

Research on 80c196 single chip microcomputer based real-time 24-hour dynamic ECG monitor  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper introduces the portable ECG monitor with the 24-hour double-channel solid recording and read-time analysing system we have developed. The monitor is based on 80c196 single chip microcomputer and matched with large scale interface chips PSD403 for single chip microcomputers. An examination has been performed by MIT\\/BIH ECG database as simulated electrocardial waves, and the result shows the fitness

Jiarui Lin; Zhang Ye Yang; Linghua Li; Lan Lin

1998-01-01

103

Mathematical model for the prediction of cement compressive strength at the ages of 7 and 28 days within 24 hours  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this study 450 cement mortar cubes were cast from 50 different cement samples taken from 9 different cement factories,\\u000a to develop a mathematical model that can predict Portland cement compressive strength at ages 7 and 28 days within 24 hours\\u000a only. This is in order to save time and expense, that is lost in waiting for such a long

G. F. Kheder; A. M. Al Gabban; S. M. Abid

2003-01-01

104

Assessment of 24-hours Aldosterone Administration on Protein Abundances in Fluorescence-Sorted Mouse Distal Renal Tubules by Mass Spectrometry  

PubMed Central

Background/Aims Aldosterone exerts multiple long-term effects in the distal renal tubules. The aim of this study was to establish a method for identifying proteins in these tubules that change in abundance by only 24-hours aldosterone administration. Methods Mice endogenously expressing green fluorescent protein (eGFP) in the connecting tubule and cortical collecting ducts were treated with a subcutaneous injection of 2.0 mg/kg aldosterone or vehicle (n=5), and sacrificed 24 hours later. Suspensions of single cells were obtained enzymatically, and eGFP positive cells were isolated by fluorescence activated cell sorting (FACS). Samples of 100 ?g proteins were digested with trypsin and labeled with 8-plex iTRAQ reagents and processed for liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS). Results FACS yielded 1.4 million cells per mouse. The LC-MS/MS spectra were matched to peptides by the SEQUEST search algorithm, which identified 3002 peptides corresponding to 506 unique proteins of which 20 significantly changed abundance 24-hours after aldosterone injection. Conclusion We find the method suitable and useful for studying hormonal effects on protein abundance in distal tubular segments. PMID:23428628

Jensen, Thomas B; Pisitkun, Trairak; Hoffert, Jason D; Jensen, Uffe B; Fenton, Robert A; Praetorius, Helle A; Knepper, Mark A; Praetorius, Jeppe

2013-01-01

105

Prognostic value of 24-hour ambulatory blood pressure monitoring and of night\\/day ratio in nondiabetic, cardiovascular events–free hemodialysis patients  

Microsoft Academic Search

Prognostic value of 24-hour ambulatory blood pressure monitoring and of night\\/day ratio in nondiabetic, cardiovascular events–free hemodialysis patients.BackgroundThe use of 24-hour ambulatory blood pressure monitoring is increasing in end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients but the prediction power for cardiovascular complications of time-averaged ambulatory blood pressure components has been little investigated in these patients.MethodsWe analyzed the prognostic power of 24-hour ambulatory

GIOVANNI TRIPEPI; RICCARDO MARIA FAGUGLI; PIETRO DATTOLO; GIOVANNA PARLONGO; FRANCESCA MALLAMACI; UMBERTO BUONCRISTIANI; CARMINE ZOCCALI; Carmine Zoccali CNR-IBIM

2005-01-01

106

Estimation of Daily Salt Intake through a 24-Hour Urine Collection in Pohang, Korea  

PubMed Central

There is an established relationship between a high salt diet and public health problems, especially hypertension and cardiovascular disease. We estimated daily salt intake in a group of adults and assessed its association with related variables in Pohang, Korea. We conducted a cross-sectional survey in 2013 with 242 adults. Urine was collected for 24 hr to estimate daily salt intake, and questionnaires about salt preference were administered. The mean daily salt intake was 9.9±4.6 g. There was no difference in salt intake between high systolic blood pressure (SBP) participants and normal SBP participants (10.5±4.7 g/d vs. 9.6±4.3 g/d, P=0.339), but high diastolic blood pressure (DBP) participants reported more salt intake than normal DBP participants (10.4±4.9 g/d vs. 9.7±4.1 g/d, P=0.049). Salt intake and body mass index demonstrated a positive correlation (P=0.001). A preference for Korean soup or stew was associated with high salt intake (P=0.038). Dietary salt intake in Korean adults is still higher than the recommendation from the World Health Organization. More efforts should be made to reduce the salt consumption of Korean adults. PMID:25317022

2014-01-01

107

The role of healthy diet in the prevention of osteoporosis in perimenopausal period  

PubMed Central

Objective: The aim of the study was to assess the diet for its effect on normal bone mineralization and qualitative analysis of dietary supplements used in the prevention of osteoporosis. Methods: Research data were acquired based on a questionnaire developed by the author. A 24-hour diet recall method was used with the involvement of Dieta 5.0 software developed by the National Food and Nutrition Institute in Warsaw in Poland. The second part of the study involved an analysis of the most popular dietary supplements available over the counter. Complexometric titration was used to separate and identify calcium. Results: The results of a 24-hour diet recall indicate that 47% of the respondents consumed 550-750 mg of calcium daily, and only 21% of the subjects consumed more than 1200 mg of calcium every day. The results give cause for concern: none of the analyzed diets supplied the recommended daily amounts of vitamin D, and only 29% of the respondents admitted taking vitamin D supplements. The results of the survey indicate that consumers have insufficient knowledge about lifestyle diseases, including osteoporosis. Conclusion: Diet of large part of society is not properly balanced which can cause abnormalities in achieving proper bone mineralization. Long-term deficiencies in calcium and vitamin D in daily diet are the cause for taking dietary supplements. Unfortunately, some preparations on the market do not have adequate storage. It happens that these preparations are poorly absorbed and the amount of active compound is too low. Changes in the nutritional regimen are required already during childhood because nutritional mistakes are the main cause of diet-related diseases in adulthood. PMID:25097513

Kostecka, Ma?gorzata

2014-01-01

108

An Evaluation of 24Hour Urinary Creatinine Excretion for Use in Identification of Incomplete Urine Collections and Adjustment of Absorbed Dose of Pesticides  

Microsoft Academic Search

The accurate quantification of the absorbed dose of pesticides following occupational exposures generally requires complete 24-hour urine collections, often over extended periods of time. Difficulty in obtaining volunteer cooperation may result in incomplete urine collections. Traditionally, 24-hour urinary creatinine has been used to identify incomplete urine samples and has been used to standardize pesticide and other chemical dose estimates. More

Shelley A. Harris; James T. Purdham; Paul N. Corey; Andrea M. Sass-Kortsak

2000-01-01

109

The antimicrobial effect of 0.1 ppm ozonated water on 24-hour plaque microorganisms in situ.  

PubMed

Ozone is a known oxidant present in the atmosphere and is commercially produced by simple ozonizer machines. It is a powerful antimicrobial agent in its gaseous and aqueous forms. Ozone readily dissolves in water and retains its antimicrobial property even in the dissolved state. In this study, the effect of 0.1 ppm ozonated water was analyzed on 24-hour supragingival plaque (SP) samples in situ. SP was collected from the two most posterior teeth in the contra-lateral quadrants before and after a 30-second rinse with either distilled water (control group) or 0.1 ppm ozonated water (test group). The plaque was used to count the number of total bacteria, total anaerobic bacteria, Streptococcus mutans, and Candida albicans on selective agar media. The statistical analysis of the number of colony forming units (CFUs) obtained demonstrated a significant antimicrobial effect of ozonated water on the total bacteria (p = 0.01) and anaerobes (p = 0.02). A reduction in the post-rinse CFU count for Streptococcus mutans was also observed, but the effect was not statistically significant (p = 0.07). The Candida species was only grown from one sample. Ozonated water at the 0.1 ppm concentration was effective in reducing the load of 24-hour plaque bacteria, but it did not eliminate them completely. PMID:22473347

Sadatullah, Syed; Mohamed, Nor Himazian; Razak, Fathilah Abdul

2012-01-01

110

Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation Augments Perceptual Sensitivity and 24-Hour Retention in a Complex Threat Detection Task  

PubMed Central

We have previously shown that transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) improved performance of a complex visual perceptual learning task (Clark et al. 2012). However, it is not known whether tDCS can enhance perceptual sensitivity independently of non-specific, arousal-linked changes in response bias, nor whether any such sensitivity benefit can be retained over time. We examined the influence of stimulation of the right inferior frontal cortex using tDCS on perceptual learning and retention in 37 healthy participants, using signal detection theory to distinguish effects on perceptual sensitivity (d?) from response bias (ß). Anodal stimulation with 2 mA increased d?, compared to a 0.1 mA sham stimulation control, with no effect on ß. On completion of training, participants in the active stimulation group had more than double the perceptual sensitivity of the control group. Furthermore, the performance enhancement was maintained for 24 hours. The results show that tDCS augments both skill acquisition and retention in a complex detection task and that the benefits are rooted in an improvement in sensitivity (d?), rather than changes in response bias (ß). Stimulation-driven acceleration of learning and its retention over 24 hours may result from increased activation of prefrontal cortical regions that provide top-down attentional control signals to object recognition areas. PMID:22511978

Falcone, Brian; Coffman, Brian A.; Clark, Vincent P.; Parasuraman, Raja

2012-01-01

111

Low Accuracy and Low Consistency of Fourth-Graders’ School Breakfast and School Lunch Recalls  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective To determine the accuracy and consistency of fourth-graders’ school breakfast and school lunch recalls obtained during 24-hour recalls and compared with observed intake.Design Children were interviewed using a multiple-pass protocol at school the morning after being observed eating school breakfast and school lunch.Subjects 104 children stratified by ethnicity (African-American, white) and gender were randomly selected and interviewed up to

Suzanne Domel Baxter; William O. Thompson; Mark S. Litaker; Francesca H. A. Frye; Caroline H. Guinn

2002-01-01

112

Effect of an L- and T-Type Calcium Channel Blocker on 24-Hour Systolic Blood Pressure and Heart Rate in Hypertensive Patients  

PubMed Central

Background and Objectives The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of an L- and T-type calcium channel blocker (CCB) on 24-hour systolic blood pressure (24-hour SBP) and heart rate (24-hour HR) profiles in essential hypertensive patients. Subjects and Methods Thirty-seven consecutive patients were enrolled in this study. The 24-hour SBP and HR were recorded before and after treatment with efonidipine (L- and T-type CCB, 40 mg), after waking. Changes in 24-hour SBP and HR and the diurnal to nocturnal SBP ratio were measured. The best-fit curves of changes in SBP and HR were depicted using a periodic function. Results The mean 24-hour SBP and HR decreased significantly after treatment. The diurnal to nocturnal SBP ratio in dipper-type hypertension cases decreased from 16.7±6.1% to 8.3±9.8% (p<0.05), whereas in non-dipper hypertension cases, it increased from 2.3±2.9% to 7.7±5.1% (p<0.01). The antihypertensive effect was minimal at 5.0 hours after drug administration and it slowly recovered at a constant rate (2.1 mm Hg/h) over 12 hours in dipper cases. The median 24-hour changes in HR in the dipper and non-dipper cases were -2.3/min and -5.4/min, respectively. A continuous reduction in the change in HR was seen from 3.5 to 23 hours after drug administration. Conclusion The antihypertensive action of efonidipine was characterized by a slow recovery of the SBP decrease at a constant rate (2.1 mm Hg/h) and a non-administration time dependent reduction in 24-hour HR. PMID:22563335

Tsutsumi, Takeshi; Ebado, Mio; Takeyama, Youichi

2012-01-01

113

FDA 101: Product Recalls  

MedlinePLUS Videos and Cool Tools

... Consumer Updates RSS Feed FDA 101: Product Recalls (video) Search the Consumer Updates Section Read the Consumer ... market may be necessary. In this Consumer Update video, FDA Recall Operations Team Leader Armando Zamora, explains ...

114

[Analysis of the cardiac arrhythmias in premature infants throughout the 24 hours following birth using Holter method].  

PubMed

The aim of the study was to determine the heart rhythm (the frequency and disturbances) in premature infants in satisfactory clinical condition throughout the 24 hours following birth using Holter method. The influence of some maternal parameters (number of previous pregnancies, delivery mode, usage of pregnancy maintaining drugs) on newborn's heart rhythm and the influence of child's parameters (sex, birthweight, gestational week, clinical state according to Apgar score) were studied. Digital Holter registration system with two channels real-time recording Silicon Beat 2000 version 3.2 by Medea (Poland) was used. Sixty two premature infants were studied. Cardiac arrhythmias were found in 38 cases. They were mainly benign disturbances. The most frequent ones were supraventricular extrasystolic beats. The analysis of the influence of definitive features of mothers and children on arrhythmias and the values of heart rate revealed, that in naturally born infants naturally born and in these ones with low Apgar score the supraventricular extrasystolic beats were significantly more common as compared with those born by Caesarean section and with higher Apgar score. In younger subjects (< 30 gestation weeks) and with lower birthweight (< 2000 g) the sinus tachycardia was significantly more frequent as compared with older and heavier ones. PMID:12607407

Kohut, Joanna; Durma?a, Jacek; Rokicki, W?adys?aw; Go?ba, Ewa; Goc, Barbara; Petelenz, Jolanta

2002-01-01

115

Fourth-grade Children's Dietary Recall Accuracy is Influenced by Retention Interval (Target Period and Interview Time)  

PubMed Central

Background For a 24-hour dietary recall, two possible target periods are the prior 24 hours (24 hours immediately preceding the interview time) and previous day (midnight to midnight of the day before the interview), and three possible interview times are morning, afternoon, and evening. Target period and interview time determine the retention interval (elapsed time between to-be-reported meals and the interview), which, along with intervening meals, can influence reporting accuracy. Objective The effects of target period and interview time on children’s accuracy for reporting school meals during 24-hour dietary recalls were investigated. Design and subjects/setting During the 2004–05, 2005–06, and 2006–07 school years in (city), (state), each of 374 randomly selected fourth-grade children (96% Black) was observed eating two consecutive school meals (breakfast, lunch) and interviewed to obtain a 24-hour dietary recall using one of six conditions defined by crossing two target periods with three interview times. Each condition had 62 or 64 children (half boys). Main outcome measures Accuracy for reporting school meals was quantified by calculating rates for omissions (food items observed eaten but unreported) and intrusions (food items reported eaten but unobserved); a measure of total inaccuracy combined errors for reporting food items and amounts. Statistical analyses performed For each accuracy measure, analysis of variance was conducted with target period, interview time, their interaction, sex, interviewer, and school year in the model. Results There was a target-period effect and a target-period by interview-time interaction on omission rates, intrusion rates, and total inaccuracy (six P values <0.004). For prior-24-hour recalls compared to previous-day recalls, and for prior-24-hour recalls in the afternoon and evening compared to previous-day recalls in the afternoon and evening, omission rates were better by one-third, intrusion rates were better by one-half, and total inaccuracy was better by one-third. Conclusions To enhance children’s dietary recall accuracy, target periods and interview times that minimize the retention interval should be chosen. PMID:19394471

Hardin, James W.; Guinn, Caroline H.; Royer, Julie A.; Mackelprang, Alyssa J.; Smith, Albert F.

2009-01-01

116

Quantitative Micro-albuminuria Assessment from 'Random Voided Urinary Albumin: Creatinine Ratio' Versus '24 hours Urinary Albumin Concentration' for Screening of Diabetic Nephropathy  

PubMed Central

Aims: This study aims at assessing the predictive value of random urine A:C ratio as a screening method for Micro-albuminuria assessment in DM patients as compared to 24 hours urine albumin. Settings and Design: A cross sectional observational study was conducted at a tertiary care centre. One hundred ninty three patients diagnosed with DM were enrolled in the study but 14 participants didn’t turn up with 24 hours urine sample. Thus, 179 people actually participated in the study. Material and Methods: All DM patients who attended Out Patient Departments (OPDs) and In Patient Departments (IPDs) of Medicine, Surgery and Orthopaedics, were enrolled. Proper history about development and duration of DM was taken from the patients. Examination in the form of height and weight measurement to know Body Mass Index (BMI), the Waist: Hip Ratio (W:H ratio) calculated from waist and hip circumference and blood pressure measurement was done. Fasting blood sugar was measured in the study group. [Urine analysis was done for urinary albumin and urinary creatinine]. Two urine samples were collected from each participant; one, 24 hours sample and the other random urine sample. 24 hours urine samples were used to measure urinary albumin concentration while urinary albumin to creatinine ratio was measured from random urine sample. Statistical analysis used: SPSS 17. Results: Twenty four hours RUA:C ratio has very good sensitivity and specificity of Sensitivity and specificity of 84.9% and 95.8% respectively,which makes it a better alternative to 24 hours UAC. Negative and positive predictive values of RUA:C ratio method are 0.93 and 0.090 respectively with false negative and false positive rates, 15.1% and 4.2 % respectively. Conclusion: Twenty four hours UAC is considered gold standard for screening of Micro-albuminuria but is cumbersome to collect 24 hours urine sample especially in OPD setup and in female patients. This leads to loss of compliance thereby preventing early diagnosis of diabetic nephropathy. This problem is more impracticable in hilly regions of India. By using random urine sample for screening of Micro-albuminuria in the form of RUA: C in random urine sample that correlates well with 24 hours UAC in 24 hours urine sample,is easier and more practical in Indian scenario especially in diabetics residing in hills. PMID:24551649

Pathania, Monika; Rathaur, Vyas Kumar; Yadav, Neeraj; Jayara, Aparna; Chaturvedi, Aditi

2013-01-01

117

Jack Healy Remembers - Anecdotal Evidence for the Origin of the Approximate 24-hour Urine Sampling Protocol Used for Worker Bioassay Monitoring  

SciTech Connect

The origin of the approximate 24-hour urine sampling protocol used at Hanford for routine bioassay is attributed to an informal study done in the mid-1940s. While the actual data were never published and have been lost, anecdotal recollections by staff involved in the initial bioassay program design and administration suggest that the sampling protocol had a solid scientific basis. Numerous alternate methods for normalizing partial day samples to represent a total 24-hour collection have since been proposed and used, but no one method is obviously preferred.

Carbaugh, Eugene H.

2008-10-01

118

Blood Pressure Differences Associated With Optimal Macronutrient Intake Trial for Heart Health (OMNIHEART)-Like Diet Compared With a Typical American Diet.  

PubMed

The Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension-Sodium (DASH-Sodium) trial demonstrated beneficial effects on blood pressure (BP) of the DASH diet with lower sodium intake when compared with typical American diet. The subsequent Optimal Macronutrient Intake Trial for Heart Health (OMNIHEART) trial reported additional BP benefits from replacing carbohydrate in the DASH diet with either protein or monounsaturated fats. The primary aim of this study is to assess possible BP benefits of an OMNIHEART-like diet in free-living Americans using cross-sectional US population data of the International Study of Macronutrients, Micronutrients and Blood Pressure (INTERMAP) study. The INTERMAP data include four 24-hour dietary recalls, 2 timed 24-hour urine collections, 8 BP readings for 2195 individuals aged 40 to 59 years from 8 US INTERMAP population samples. Analyses are conducted using 2 approaches: (1) regression of BP on a linear OMNIHEART nutrient score calculated for each individual and (2) a Bayesian approach comparing estimated BP levels of an OMNIHEART-like nutrient profile with a typical American nutrient profile. After adjustment for potential confounders, an OMNIHEART score higher by 1 point was associated with systolic/diastolic BP differences of -1.0/-0.5 mm Hg (both P<0.001). Mean systolic/diastolic BPs were 111.3/68.4 and 115.2/70.6 mm Hg for Bayesian OMNIHEART and Control profiles, respectively, after controlling for possible confounders, with BP differences of -3.9/-2.2 mm Hg, P(difference ?0)=0.98/0.96. Findings were comparable for men and women, for nonhypertensive participants, and with adjustment for antihypertensive treatment. Our findings from data on US population samples indicate broad generalizability of OMNIHEART results beyond the trial setting and support recommendations for an OMNIHEART-style diet for prevention/control of population-wide adverse BP levels. PMID:25201893

Molitor, John; Brown, Ian J; Chan, Queenie; Papathomas, Michail; Liverani, Silvia; Molitor, NuooTing; Richardson, Sylvia; Van Horn, Linda; Daviglus, Martha L; Dyer, Alan; Stamler, Jeremiah; Elliott, Paul

2014-12-01

119

TRAVEL ACCIDENT INSURANCE PLAN 01-01-2012 The Travel Accident Insurance Plan provides 24-hour Accident coverage while on Authorized  

E-print Network

1 TRAVEL ACCIDENT INSURANCE PLAN 01-01-2012 The Travel Accident Insurance Plan provides 24-hour Accident coverage while on Authorized Business Travel. Coverage begins at the actual starting point. Please note that the Employer reserves the right to amend or terminate this Travel Accident Insurance

Johnson, Peter D.

120

University of New Hampshire Report of Occupational Injury or Illness UNIVERSITY POLICY REQUIRES THAT REPORT OF ACCIDENT, INJURY, OR ILLNESS BE REPORTED WITHIN 24 HOURS OF OCCURRENCE.  

E-print Network

THAT REPORT OF ACCIDENT, INJURY, OR ILLNESS BE REPORTED WITHIN 24 HOURS OF OCCURRENCE. This form must be completed in its entirety and FAXED TO (862-1222) Human Resources Workers' Compensation Coordinator: Body Part (s) Affected: What Side Of Body? Left Right Time: _________ am pm Explain in detail how

New Hampshire, University of

121

Relationships between the Biochemical Composition of Both Free Smooth Surface and Approximal Plaque and Salivary Composition and a 24Hour Retrospective Dietary History of Sugar Intake in Adolescents  

Microsoft Academic Search

The relationships between the composition of both free smooth surface and approximal plaque and salivary composition and sugar intake assessed from a retrospective 24-hour dietary history were investigated. The inorganic phosphorus concentrations of both types of plaque collected from the permanent dentition were directly related to concentrations in stimulated whole saliva of 45 males aged 12–13 years. The calcium, inorganic

R. F. Wilson; F. P. Ashley

1990-01-01

122

24-HOUR DIFFUSIVE SAMPLING OF 1,3-BUTADIENE IN AIR ONTO CARBONPAK X SOLID ADSORBENT WITH THEMAL DESORPTION/GC/MS ANALYSIS - FEASIBILITY STUDIES  

EPA Science Inventory

Diffusive sampling of 1,3-butadiene for 24 hours onto the graphitic adsorbent Carbopack X contained in a stainless steel tube badge (6.3 mm OD, 5 mm ID, and 90 mm in length) with analysis by thermal desorption/GC/MS has been evaluated in controlled tests. A test matrix of 42 tr...

123

Iron and zinc content of selected foods in the diet of schoolchildren in Kumi district, east of Uganda: a cross-sectional study  

PubMed Central

Background Iron and zinc are essential micronutrients for humans and deficiency of the two elements is widespread in the world with the highest prevalence in less developed countries. There are few data on dietary intake of iron and zinc in Uganda, and no food composition table is available. There is hardly any widely published literature that clearly documents the quality of Ugandan children's diet. Thus information of both food intake and the concentration of these trace elements in local food ingredients are needed in order to assess daily intake. Methods The present study focused on the iron and zinc content in selected foods and intake of the micronutrients iron and zinc among schoolchildren in Kumi District, Uganda. Over a period of 4 weeks single 24-hour dietary recall interviews were carried out on a convenience sample of 178 schoolchildren (9-15 years old). Data from the dietary recalls was used when selecting foods for chemical analysis. Results Results from this study showed that the iron concentrations varied, and were high in some cereals and vegetables. The zinc concentrations in foods generally corresponded with results from other African countries (Mali and Kenya). Data from the 24-hour dietary recall showed that the daily Recommended Nutrient Intake (RNI) was met for iron but not for zinc. Conclusions The schoolchildren of Kumi district had a predominantly vegetable based diet. Foods of animal origin were consumed occasionally. The iron content in the selected foods was high and variable, and higher than in similar ingredients from Kenya and Mali, while the zinc concentrations were generally in accordance with reported values. The total daily zinc (mg) intake does not meet the daily RNI. The iron intake is adequate according to RNI, but due to iron contamination and reduced bioavailability, RNI may not be met in a vegetable based diet. More studies are needed to investigate possible sources of contamination. PMID:21827701

2011-01-01

124

Beverages in the diets of American teenagers.  

PubMed

The purpose of this study was to investigate the role of beverages, particularly soft drinks, in the diets of American teenagers by analyzing data collected in the Nationwide Food Consumption Survey, 1977-78. Interviewers obtained 24-hour recalls of dietary intake, and respondents completed diet records for the following 2 days. Variation in beverage intake was examined by eating occasion, season, day of the week, region, urbanization, race, age, sex, and household income. Soft drink and milk intakes were negatively correlated (r = -.22). Soft drinks were just as likely to be drunk at lunch or supper as for snacks. Those results suggest that teenagers may have substituted soft drinks for milk at meals. The nutritional impact of soft drink consumption was assessed by determining the part correlations of soft drink intake with intakes of energy and 14 nutrients, while controlling for 19 variables related to time, location, and personal and household characteristics. The negative part correlations of soft drink intake with intakes of calcium (-0.11), magnesium (-0.06), riboflavin (-0.09), vitamin A (-0.08), and ascorbic acid (-0.06) indicate that soft drinks may contribute to low intakes of those nutrients by some teenagers. PMID:3958400

Guenther, P M

1986-04-01

125

Recalling Harassment, Reconstructing Experience.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examined how events considered "normal" or "acceptable" by some people at one time are now recalled and reconstructed as "harassment." Analysis is presented of the stories of 21 women who experienced events that earlier were not called sexual harassment. It compares the experiences of "preverbal" children and adults who recall events as assaultive…

Kidder, Louise H.; And Others

1995-01-01

126

Diet quality, social determinants, and weight status in Puerto Rican children aged 12 years.  

PubMed

Diet quality may be influenced by social determinants and weight status. This has not been studied in Puerto Rico; therefore, our cross-sectional study examined whether diet quality, assessed by the Healthy Eating Index-2005 (HEI-2005), differs by social determinants (sex, school type, and region) and weight status in children in Puerto Rico. As part of an island-wide study to evaluate oral health in 1,550 children aged 12 years, dietary intake was assessed in a representative subset (n=796) using a 24-hour diet recall. Diet quality was evaluated from the diet recall results using the HEI-2005. Overall mean HEI-2005 score was 40.9, out of a total maximum score of 100. Girls had significantly higher scores for whole fruit, total vegetables, whole grains, and sodium but lower scores for total grains and milk compared with boys (P<0.05). Children from public schools had higher scores for total fruit, whole fruit, and dark green and orange vegetables and legumes, but lower scores for whole grains and milk compared with those from private schools (P<0.05). Children from the central mountains had higher scores for the dark green and orange vegetables and legumes and for whole fruit compared with the other regions (P<0.05). Overweight children had significantly higher scores for total vegetables and milk, but lower scores for total fruit and sodium compared with non-overweight children (P<0.01). Some components of diet quality were associated with the social determinants studied and with weight status in our sample. Overall diet quality needs improvement in Puerto Rican children so that it is better aligned with dietary recommendations. PMID:24656710

Torres, Roxana; Santos, Elvia; Orraca, Luis; Elias, Augusto; Palacios, Cristina

2014-08-01

127

Use of a food frequency questionnaire to assess diets of Jamaican adults: validation and correlation with biomarkers  

PubMed Central

Background Assessment of habitual diet is important in investigations of diet-disease relationships. Many epidemiological studies use the food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) to evaluate dietary intakes but few studies validate the instrument against biological markers. The aim of this study was to assess the validity and reproducibility of a previously validated 70-item food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) that was expanded to 120-items to assess diet - cancer relations. Methods Relative validity of the FFQ was assessed against twelve 24-hour recalls administered over 12 months in 70 subjects. The FFQ was repeated after one year (FFQ2) to assess reproducibility. The validity of the FFQ was evaluated by comparing nutrient and food group intakes from 24-hour recalls with the first and second FFQ. In addition, FFQ validity for cholesterol and folate were determined through correlation with biomarkers (serum cholesterol, serum folate and whole blood folate) in 159 control subjects participating in a case-control prostate cancer study. Results Compared to recalls the FFQ tended to overestimate energy and carbohydrate intakes but gave no differences in intake for protein and fat. Quartile agreement for energy-adjusted nutrient intakes between FFQ2 and recalls ranged from 31.8% - 77.3% for the lowest quartile and 20.8% - 81.0% in the highest quartile. Gross misclassification of nutrients was low with the exceptions of protein, vitamin E and retinol and weighted kappa values ranged from 0.33 to 0.64 for other nutrients. Validity correlations for energy-adjusted nutrients (excluding retinol) were moderate to high (0.38- 0.86). Correlation coefficients between multiple recalls and FFQ1 ranged from 0.27 (fruits) to 0.55 (red meat); the second FFQ gave somewhat higher coefficients (0.30 to 0.61). Reproducibility correlations for the nutrients ranged from 0.50 to 0.84. Calibration of the FFQ with biochemical markers showed modest correlations with serum cholesterol (0.24), serum folate (0.25) and whole blood folate (0.33) adjusted for age, energy, body mass index and smoking. Conclusions The expanded FFQ had good relative validity for estimating food group and nutrient intakes (except retinol and vitamin E) and was a reliable measure of habitual intake. Associations with biomarkers were comparable to other studies. PMID:21477338

2011-01-01

128

Morning Spot and 24Hour Urinary 6&bgr;-Hydroxycortisol to Cortisol Ratios: Intraindividual Variability and Correlation under Basal Conditions and Conditions of CYP 3A4 Induction  

Microsoft Academic Search

A single spot urine collection to measure the ratio of 6b-hydroxycortisol (6b-OHC) to free cortisol (C) has been proposed as a research tool for the assessment of CYP3A4 induction. However, intraindividual variability in 6b-OHC\\/C under basal conditions and conditions of induction has not been prospectively evaluated, and findings on the correlation between morning spot and 24-hour urinary ratios have been

Jonathan Q. Tran; Steven J. Kovacs; Thomas S. McIntosh; Hugh M. Davis; David E. Martin

1999-01-01

129

Can multichannel intraluminal pH-impedance monitoring be limited to 3 hours? Comparison between ambulatory 24-hour and post-prandial 3-hour recording.  

PubMed

Esophageal multichannel intraluminal pH-impedance recording (MII) is now a valid technique for determining the acidic, liquid, gas or mixed nature of gastroesophageal reflux episodes. However, some recordings may stop prematurely due to technical reasons or poor patient tolerance of the probe. Therefore, we questioned whether analysis of post-prandial 3-hour recording could predict the results obtained in ambulatory 24-hour recording. Fifty patients with symptoms of gastroesophageal reflux disease were investigated. For each patient, post-prandial 3-hour MII was recorded after a test meal, then followed by ambulatory 21-hour MII. Correlation between the total number of liquid reflux events in the 3-hour and 24-hour recordings was elevated (R = 0.71; P < 0.001), with better correlation for acid (R = 0.80; P < 0.001) and weak acid reflux (R = 0.56; P < 0.001) than non-acid reflux (R = 0.44;P < 0.01). Sensitivity and specificity of 3-hour recording in detecting elevated liquid reflux over 24 hours (id>75reflux/24h) were 49% and 100%, respectively, for 8 or less liquid/mixed reflux events per 3 hours, and 78% and 88%, respectively for 15 or more liquid/mixed reflux events per 3 hours. The sensitivity and specificity of symptom association probability (SAP) calculated over 3 hours were 56% and 91%, respectively. In conclusion, we identified relevant indicators on the 3-hour post-prandial recording likely to give accurate prediction of absence or presence of gastroesophageal reflux disease from 24-hour MII recording. PMID:24251404

Gourcerol, G; Verin, E; Leroi, A M; Ducrotté, P

2014-11-01

130

Diurnal 24-hour rhythm in ambulatory heart rate variability during the day shift in rotating shift workers.  

PubMed

Circadian variation in cardiac autonomic nervous system activity and behavior during the day shifts of shift workers has not hitherto been clarified. This study examined diurnal 24-h variation in heart rate variability (HRV), sleep-wake cycle, physical activity, and food intake during the day shift in rotating shift workers. The subjects were female nurses and caregivers working at a health care facility (14 day workers and 13 rotating shift workers). Each subject was asked to undergo 24-h electrocardiograph and step count recordings. Coarse graining spectral analysis was used for approximately 10-min segments of HRV (600 beats) to derive the total power (TOT: >0.04 Hz), integrated power in the low-frequency (LF: 0.04-0.15 Hz) and high-frequency (HF: >0.15 Hz) ranges, the ratio of HF power to TOT (HF nu), and the ratio of LF power to HF power (LF/HF). Double cosinor analysis was used to obtain 24-h and 12-h period variations in variables of HRV and physical activity. While no difference was found in the acrophases of either period for step counts or in the 12-h period of HRV variables between the groups, the acrophases of the 24-h period for HRV variables were delayed by 1.3 to 5.5 h in rotating shift workers, and their differences in HF power, HF nu, and LF/HF reached a significant level (p < 0.05). On the days of the experiment, retiring time, waking up time, total time in bed, sleep efficiency, and mealtimes and energy intake for each diet did not differ between the groups. These results suggest that there is a possibility of an abnormal phase angle between circadian variation in cardiac autonomic nervous system activity and the sleep-wake cycle during the day shift in shift workers. PMID:23735502

Yoshizaki, Takahiro; Kawano, Yukari; Tada, Yuki; Hida, Azumi; Midorikawa, Toru; Hasegawa, Kohe; Mitani, Takeshi; Komatsu, Taiki; Togo, Fumiharu

2013-06-01

131

Making sense of agrobiodiversity, diet, and intensification of smallholder family farming in the Highland Andes of Ecuador.  

PubMed

Methods are needed for helping researchers and farmers to interactively describe and analyze local practices in search of opportunities for improving health, environment, and economy. The authors worked with smallholder family farmers in five Andean villages in Ecuador to apply participatory four-cell analysis (PFCA) in characterizing agrobiodiversity. Margelef and Shannon indices examined ecological richness and evenness, and a simplified 24-hour dietary recall characterized food consumption. Cross-analysis tested interactions among agrobiodiversity, farm size, and diet. Overall trends appeared to work against sustainable intensification, with notable heterogeneity and positive deviance found in the practices of relatively smaller enterprises, representing a potential resource for sustainable intensification. The suite of methods was determined useful for initiating researcher-farmer explorations of promising innovation pathways. PMID:24083517

Oyarzun, Pedro J; Borja, Ross Mary; Sherwood, Stephen; Parra, Vicente

2013-01-01

132

Disproportional decrease in office blood pressure compared with 24-hour ambulatory blood pressure with antihypertensive treatment: dependency on pretreatment blood pressure levels.  

PubMed

The long-term relationship between 24-hour ambulatory blood pressure (ABP) and office BP in patients on therapy is not well documented. From a registry we included all patients in whom antihypertensive therapy needed to be uptitrated. Drug treatment included the direct renin inhibitor aliskiren or an angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor/angiotensin receptor blocker or drugs not blocking the renin-angiotensin system, alone or on top of an existing drug regimen. In all patients, office BP and 24-hour ABP were obtained at baseline and after 1 year with validated devices. In the study population of 2722 patients, there was a good correlation between the change in office BP and 24-hour ABP (systolic: r=0.39; P<0.001; diastolic: r=0.34; P<0.001). However, the numeric decrease in office BP did not correspond to the decrease in ABP in a 1:1 fashion, for example, a decrease of 10, 20, and 30 mm Hg corresponded to a decrease of ?7.2, 10.5, and 13.9 mm Hg in systolic ABP, respectively. The disproportionally greater decrease in systolic office BP compared with ABP was dependent on the level of the pretreatment BP, which was consistently higher for office BP than ABP. The white coat effect (difference between office BP and ABP) was on average 10/5 mm Hg lower 1 year after intensifying treatment and the magnitude of that was also dependent on pretreatment BP. There was a disproportionally greater decrease in systolic office BP than in ABP, which for both office BP and ABP seemed to depend on the pretreatment BP level. PMID:25259741

Schmieder, Roland E; Schmidt, Stephanie T; Riemer, Thomas; Dechend, Ralf; Hagedorn, Ina; Senges, Jochen; Messerli, Franz H; Zeymer, Uwe

2014-11-01

133

Treatment of burns in the first 24 hours: simple and practical guide by answering 10 questions in a step-by-step form  

PubMed Central

Residents in training, medical students and other staff in surgical sector, emergency room (ER) and intensive care unit (ICU) or Burn Unit face a multitude of questions regarding burn care. Treatment of burns is not always straightforward. Furthermore, National and International guidelines differ from one region to another. On one hand, it is important to understand pathophysiology, classification of burns, surgical treatment, and the latest updates in burn science. On the other hand, the clinical situation for treating these cases needs clear guidelines to cover every single aspect during the treatment procedure. Thus, 10 questions have been organised and discussed in a step-by-step form in order to achieve the excellence of education and the optimal treatment of burn injuries in the first 24 hours. These 10 questions will clearly discuss referral criteria to the burn unit, primary and secondary survey, estimation of the total burned surface area (%TBSA) and the degree of burns as well as resuscitation process, routine interventions, laboratory tests, indications of Bronchoscopy and special considerations for Inhalation trauma, immediate consultations and referrals, emergency surgery and admission orders. Understanding and answering the 10 questions will not only cover the management process of Burns during the first 24 hours but also seems to be an interactive clear guide for education purpose. PMID:22583548

2012-01-01

134

Vegetable variety is a key to improved diet quality in low-income women in California.  

PubMed

Primary prevention education interventions, including those sponsored by the US Department of Agriculture for low-income families, encourage and support increases in vegetable intake. Promoting vegetable variety as a focal point for behavior change may be a useful strategy to increase vegetable consumption. A simple vegetable variety evaluation tool might be useful to replace the time-intensive 24-hour dietary recall. The purpose of our study was to determine whether vegetable variety is associated with vegetable consumption and diet quality among US Department of Agriculture program participants. Variety of vegetable intake and measures of total vegetable intake, diet quality, and diet cost were evaluated. Low-income, female participants (N=112) aged 20 to 55 years with body mass index 17.7 to 68.5 who were the primary food purchasers/preparers for their households were recruited from four California counties representing rural, urban, and suburban areas. Energy density and Healthy Eating Index-2005 were used to assess diet quality. Vegetable variety was based on number of different vegetables consumed per week using a food frequency questionnaire, and three groups were identified as: low variety, ?5 different vegetables per week; moderate variety, 6 to 9 vegetables per week; and high variety, ?10 vegetables per week. Compared with the low-variety group, participants in the high-variety group ate a greater quantity of vegetables per day (P<0.001); their diets had a higher Healthy Eating Index score (P<0.001) and lower energy density (P<0.001); and costs of their daily diet and vegetable use were higher (P<0.001). Thus, greater vegetable variety was related to better overall diet quality, a larger quantity of vegetables consumed, and increased diet cost. PMID:24095620

Keim, Nancy L; Forester, Shavawn M; Lyly, Marika; Aaron, Grant J; Townsend, Marilyn S

2014-03-01

135

Prognostic factors for death and survival with or without complications in cardiac arrest patients receiving CPR within 24 hours of anesthesia for emergency surgery  

PubMed Central

Purpose To determine prognostic factors for death and survival with or without complications in cardiac arrest patients who received cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) within 24 hours of receiving anesthesia for emergency surgery. Patients and methods A retrospective cohort study approved by the Maharaj Nakorn Chiang Mai University Hospital Ethical Committee. Data used were taken from records of 751 cardiac arrest patients who received their first CPR within 24 hours of anesthesia for emergency surgery between January 1, 2003 and October 31, 2011. The reviewed data included patient characteristics, surgical procedures, American Society of Anesthesiologist (ASA) physical status classification, anesthesia information, the timing of cardiac arrest, CPR details, and outcomes at 24 hours after CPR. Univariate and polytomous logistic regression analyses were used to determine prognostic factors associated with the outcome variable. P-values of less than 0.05 were considered statistically significant. Results The outcomes at 24 hours were death (638/751, 85.0%), survival with complications (73/751, 9.7%), and survival without complications (40/751, 5.3%). The prognostic factors associated with death were: age between 13–34 years (OR =3.08, 95% CI =1.03–9.19); ASA physical status three and higher (OR =6.60, 95% CI =2.17–20.13); precardiopulmonary comorbidity (OR =3.28, 95% CI =1.09–9.90); the condition of patients who were on mechanical ventilation prior to receiving anesthesia (OR =4.11, 95% CI =1.17–14.38); surgery in the upper abdominal site (OR =14.64, 95% CI =2.83–75.82); shock prior to cardiac arrest (OR =6.24, 95% CI =2.53–15.36); nonshockable electrocardiography (EKG) rhythm (OR =5.67, 95% CI =1.93–16.62); cardiac arrest occurring in postoperative period (OR =7.35, 95% CI =2.89–18.74); and duration of CPR more than 30 minutes (OR =4.32, 95% CI =1.39–13.45). The prognostic factors associated with survival with complications were being greater than or equal to 65 years of age (OR =4.30, 95% CI =1.13–16.42), upper abdominal site of surgery (OR =10.86, 95% CI =1.99–59.13), shock prior to cardiac arrest (OR =3.62, 95% CI =1.30–10.12), arrhythmia prior to cardiac arrest (OR =4.61, 95% CI =1.01–21.13), and cardiac arrest occurring in the postoperative period (OR =3.63, 95% CI =1.31–10.02). Conclusion The mortality and morbidity in patients who received anesthesia for emergency surgery within 24 hours of their first CPR were high, and were associated with identifiable patient comorbidity, age, shock, anatomic site of operation, the timing of cardiac arrest, EKG rhythm, and the duration of CPR. EKG monitoring helps to identify cardiac arrest quickly and diagnose the EKG rhythm as a shockable or nonshockable rhythm, with CPR being performed as per the American Heart Association (AHA) CPR Guidelines 2010. The use of the fast track system in combination with an interdisciplinary team for surgery, CPR, and postoperative care helps to rescue patients in a short time. PMID:25378961

Siriphuwanun, Visith; Punjasawadwong, Yodying; Lapisatepun, Worawut; Charuluxananan, Somrat; Uerpairojkit, Ketchada

2014-01-01

136

Mobilization after thrombolysis (rtPA) within 24 hours of acute stroke: what factors influence inclusion of patients in A Very Early Rehabilitation Trial (AVERT)?  

PubMed Central

Background A key treatment for acute ischaemic stroke is thrombolysis (rtPA). However, treatment is not devoid of side effects and patients are carefully selected. AVERT (A Very Early Rehabilitation Trial), a large, ongoing international phase III trial, tests whether starting out of bed activity within 24 hours of stroke onset improves outcome. Patients treated with rtPA can be recruited if the physician allows (447 included to date). This study aimed to identify factors that might influence the inclusion of rtPA treated patients in AVERT. Methods Data from all patients thrombolysed at Austin Health, Australia, between September 2007 and December 2011 were retrospectively extracted from medical records. Factors of interest included: demographic and stroke characteristics, 24 hour clinical response to rtPA treatment, cerebral imaging and process factors (day and time of admission). Results 211 patients received rtPA at Austin Health and 50 (24%) were recruited to AVERT (AVERT). Of the 161 patients not recruited, 105 (65%) were eligible, and could potentially have been included (pot-AVERT). There were no significant differences in demographics, Oxfordshire classification or stroke severity (NIHSS) on admission between groups. Size and localization of stroke on imaging and symptomatic intracerebral heamorrhage rate did not differ. Patients included in AVERT showed less change in NIHSS 24 hours post rtPA (median change = 1, IQR (?1,4)) than those in the pot-AVERT group (median change = 3, IQR (0,6)) by the median difference of 2 points (95%CI:0.3; p = 0.03). A higher proportion of rtPA treated AVERT patients were admitted on weekdays (p = 0.04). Conclusion Excluding a possible clinical instability, no significant clinical differences were identified between thrombolysed patients included in AVERT and those who were not. Over 500 AVERT patients will be treated with rtPA at trial end. These results suggest we may be able to generalize findings to other rtPA treated patients beyond the trial population. PMID:25159047

2014-01-01

137

Wheat - Dependent Exercise-Induced Anaphylaxis Occurred With a Delayed Onset of 10 to 24 hours After Wheat Ingestion: A Case Report.  

PubMed

Wheat-dependent exercise-induced anaphylaxis (WDEIA) usually occurs 1 to 4 hours after wheat ingestion and the pathophysiology of WDEIA remains unknown. It is recommended that WDEIA patients refrain from exercise for 4 to 6 hours after wheat ingestion. We report a case of a 51-year-old man who experienced 5 anaphylaxis attacks; two of which occurred 10 to 24 hours after wheat ingestion and exercise. He has a history of chronic gastroenteritis that responds well to antihistamine drugs but not proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) and prokinetic agents. Abdominal CT results implied the possibility of superior mesenteric artery syndrome. We suggest that WDEIA occurs 6 hours after wheat ingestion in cases compounded by obstructive gastrointestinal diseases. PMID:24991463

Rongfei, Zhu; Wenjing, Li; Nan, Huang; Guanghui, Liu

2014-07-01

138

The initial success rate of cardiopulmonary resuscitation and its associated factors in patients with cardiac arrest within 24 hours after anesthesia for an emergency surgery  

PubMed Central

Purpose To determine the initial success rate and its associated factors on cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) in patients with cardiac arrest within 24 hours after receiving anesthesia for an emergency surgery. Patients and methods After the hospital ethical committee gave approval for this study, the anesthesia providers recorded all relevant data regarding CPR in patients with cardiac arrest within 24 hours after anesthesia for emergency surgery at Maharaj Nakorn Chiang Mai Hospital, a university hospital in Northern Thailand. Only data from the cardiac arrest patients who received the first CPR attempt were included in the analysis. The end point of the initial success of CPR was return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC). Factors related to ROSC were determined by univariate analyses and multiple logistic regression analysis. The odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) were used to calculate the strength of the factors associated with the ROSC. Results Of the 96 cardiac arrest patients, 44 patients (45.8%) achieved ROSC. Factors associated with ROSC were electrocardiogram monitoring for detected cardiac arrest (OR =4.03; 95% CI =1.16–14.01; P=0.029), non-shock patients before arrest (OR =8.54; 95% CI =2.13–34.32; P=0.003), timing to response of activated CPR team within 1 minute (OR =9.37; 95% CI =2.55–34.39; P<0.001), having trained CPR teams (OR =8.76; 95% CI =2.50–30.72; P<0.001), and administration of more than one dose of epinephrine (OR =5.62; 95% CI =1.32–23.88; P<0.019). Conclusion Patients undergoing anesthesia for an emergency surgery are at risk for perioperative cardiac arrest with high mortality which requires immediate CPR. Our results have confirmed that early detection of cardiac arrest by vigilant electrocardiogram monitoring and prompt management with a qualified team are important factors in improving the success of CPR. Emergency surgical patients at risk for cardiac arrest should be promptly managed, with facilities available not only during the operation but also during the pre- to postoperative period. PMID:24711714

Siriphuwanun, Visith; Punjasawadwong, Yodying; Lapisatepun, Worawut; Charuluxananan, Somrat; Uerpairojkit, Ketchada; Patumanond, Jayanton

2014-01-01

139

COMPARISON OF FIVE EXTRACTION METHODS ON INCURRED AND FORTIFIED PESTICIDES IN COMPOSITE DIETS: BLENDER, SOXHLET, ASE, MICROWAVE AND SFE  

EPA Science Inventory

The USEPA National Exposure Research Laboratory studies dietary exposure to a diverse group of semi-volatile pesticides by analyzing 24 hour duplicate composite diets. The pesticides of interest include organochlorines, organophosphates, anilines, and triazines. Currently, there ...

140

A Day in the Life of Millisecond Pulsar J1713+0747: Limits on Timing Precision Over 24 Hours and Implications for Gravitational Wave Detection  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A 24-hour global observation of millisecond radio pulsar J1713+0747 was undertaken by the International Pulsar Timing Array (IPTA) collaboration as an effort to better quantify sources of noise in this object, which is regularly timed for the purpose of detecting gravitational waves (GWs). Given an 8-year timing RMS of 30ns, it is regarded as one of the best precision clocks in the PTA. However, sources of timing noise visible on timescales longer than the usual 20-30min biweekly observation may nonetheless be present. Data from the campaign were taken contiguously with the Parkes, Arecibo, Green Bank, GMRT, LOFAR, Effelsberg, WSRT, Lovell, and Nancay radio telescopes. The combined pulse times-of-arrival provide an estimate of the absolute noise floor, in other words, what unaccounted sources of timing noise impede an otherwise simple sqrt(N) improvement in timing precision, where N is the number of pulses in a single observing session. We present first results of specific phenomena probed on the unusual timescale of tens of hours, in particular interstellar scattering (ISS), and discuss the degree to which ISS affects precision timing. Finally, we examine single pulse information during selected portions of the observation and determine the degree to which the pulse jitter of J1713+0747 varies throughout the course of the day-long dataset.

Dolch, Timothy; Bailes, M.; Bassa, C.; Bhat, R.; Bhattacharyya, B.; Champion, D.; Chatterjee, S.; Cognard, I.; Cordes, J. M.; Crowter, K.; Demorest, P.; Finn, L. S.; Fonseca, E.; Hessels, J.; Hobbs, G.; Janssen, G.; Jones, G.; Jordan, C.; Karuppusamy, R.; Keith, M.; Kramer, M.; Kraus, A.; Lam, M. T.; Lazarus, P.; Lazio, J.; Lee, K.; Levin, L.; Liu, K.; Lorimer, D.; Manchester, R. N.; McLaughlin, M.; Palliyaguru, N.; Perrodin, D.; Petroff, E.; Rajwade, K.; Rankin, J. M.; Ransom, S. M.; Rosenblum, J.; Roy, J.; Shannon, R.; Stappers, B.; Stinebring, D.; Stovall, K.; Teixeira, M.; van Leeuwen, J.; van Straten, W.; Verbiest, J.; Zhu, W.

2014-01-01

141

Egg Contribution Towards the Diet of Pregnant Latinas  

PubMed Central

Proper nutrition during gestation is important to prevent adverse pregnancy outcomes. Eggs contain many important nutrients necessary for fetal development and human survival. Three focus groups were conducted with Latina women living in Connecticut to identify cultural beliefs toward egg consumption during pregnancy, traditional egg dishes, and methods of preparation. A cross-sectional study was then carried out with a sample of predominately Puerto Rican pregnant Latinas (N = 241) to identify the frequency of consumption of eggs and egg-containing dishes as well as methods of preparation using a tailored food frequency questionnaire modified for this population. Paired sample t-tests were used to examine if there were differences in weekly mean egg intake patterns between the year prior to the pregnancy and during pregnancy based on a Food Frequency Questionnaire. Women were categorized into eggs consumers and non-consumers if they consumed or did not consume eggs during the previous day based on 24-hour recall data. Independent-sample t-test and chi-square cross-tabulation analyses were conducted to examine the association between egg consumption and nutrient intake categories. Results showed that eggs and egg-containing traditional dishes are consumed by Latinas before and during pregnancy. Egg consumers had higher intakes of protein, fat, vitamin K, vitamin E, selenium, beta carotene, lutein and zeaxanthin, cholesterol, total polyunsaturated fatty acids, and docosahexaenoic acid. Eggs contribute significantly to the diet of pregnant Latinas. PMID:21883065

Bermudez-Millan, Angela; Hromi-Fiedler, Amber; Damio, Grace; Segura-Perez, Sofia; Perez-Escamilla, Rafael

2011-01-01

142

Interpersonal Process Recall. ERIC Digest.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This digest focuses on Information Process Recall (IPR), a supervision strategy developed to increase counselor awareness of covert thoughts and feelings and to deepen the therapeutic relationship between the counselor and the client. Steps in conducting IPR are given as a guideline for conducting IPR recall sessions using audio or video tapes. To…

Cashwell, Craig S.

143

Evaluation and Comparison of Food Records, Recalls, and Frequencies for Energy and Protein Assessment by Using Recovery Biomarkers  

PubMed Central

The food frequency questionnaire approach to dietary assessment is ubiquitous in nutritional epidemiology research. Food records and recalls provide approaches that may also be adaptable for use in large epidemiologic cohorts, if warranted by better measurement properties. The authors collected (2007–2009) a 4-day food record, three 24-hour dietary recalls, and a food frequency questionnaire from 450 postmenopausal women in the Women’s Health Initiative prospective cohort study (enrollment, 1994–1998), along with biomarkers of energy and protein consumption. Through comparison with biomarkers, the food record is shown to provide a stronger estimate of energy and protein than does the food frequency questionnaire, with 24-hour recalls mostly intermediate. Differences were smaller and nonsignificant for protein density. Food frequencies, records, and recalls were, respectively, able to “explain” 3.8%, 7.8%, and 2.8% of biomarker variation for energy; 8.4%, 22.6%, and 16.2% of biomarker variation for protein; and 6.5%, 11.0%, and 7.0% of biomarker variation for protein density. However, calibration equations that include body mass index, age, and ethnicity substantially improve these numbers to 41.7%, 44.7%, and 42.1% for energy; 20.3%, 32.7%, and 28.4% for protein; and 8.7%, 14.4%, and 10.4% for protein density. Calibration equations using any of the assessment procedures may yield suitable consumption estimates for epidemiologic study purposes. PMID:21765003

Prentice, Ross L.; Mossavar-Rahmani, Yasmin; Huang, Ying; Van Horn, Linda; Beresford, Shirley A. A.; Caan, Bette; Tinker, Lesley; Schoeller, Dale; Bingham, Sheila; Eaton, Charles B.; Thomson, Cynthia; Johnson, Karen C.; Ockene, Judy; Sarto, Gloria; Heiss, Gerardo; Neuhouser, Marian L.

2011-01-01

144

External Beam Radiotherapy Plus 24-Hour Continuous Infusion of Gemcitabine in Unresectable Pancreatic Carcinoma: Long-Term Results of a Phase II Study  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: To evaluate the efficacy of gemcitabine-based chemoradiation (CT-RT) in treating patients (pts) affected by locally advanced pancreatic cancers (LAPC). Methods and Materials: Weekly gemcitabine (100 mg/m{sup 2}) was given as a 24-hour infusion during the course of three-dimensional radiotherapy (50.4 Gy to the tumor, 39.6 Gy to the nodes). After CT-RT, pts received five cycles of sequential chemotherapy with gemcitabine (1000 mg/m{sup 2}; 1, 8, q21). Response rate was assessed according to World Health Organization criteria 6 weeks after the end of CT-RT. Local control (LC), time to progression (TTP), metastases-free survival (MFS), and overall survival (OS) were analyzed by the Kaplan Meier method. Results: Forty pts (male/female 22/18; median age 62 years, range, 36-76) were treated from 2000 to 2005. The majority had T4 tumour (n = 34, 85%), six pts (15%) had T3 tumour. Sixteen pts (40%) were node positive at diagnosis. Grade 3-4 acute toxicity was observed in 21 pts (52.5%). Thirty pts (75%) completed the treatment schedule. A clinical response was achieved in 12 pts (30%). With a median follow-up of 76 months (range, 32-98), 2-year LC was 39.6% (median, 12 months), 2-year TTP was 18.4% (median, 10 months), and 2-year MFS was 29.7% (median, 10 months). Two-year OS (25%; median, 15.5 months) compared with our previous study on 5-fluorouracil-based CT-RT (2.8%) was significantly improved (p <0.001). Conclusions: Gemcitabine CT-RT seems correlated with improved outcomes. Healthier patients who are likely to complete the treatment schedule may benefit most from this therapy.

Mattiucci, Gian C. [Department of Radiotherapy, Policlinico Universitario Agostino Gemelli, Catholic University, Rome (Italy); Morganti, Alessio G. [Department of Radiotherapy, John Paul II Center for High Technology Research and Education in Biomedical Sciences, Campobasso (Italy); Valentini, Vincenzo [Department of Radiotherapy, Policlinico Universitario Agostino Gemelli, Catholic University, Rome (Italy); Ippolito, Edy, E-mail: edypo@hotmail.i [Department of Radiotherapy, Policlinico Universitario Agostino Gemelli, Catholic University, Rome (Italy); Alfieri, Sergio [Department of Digestive Surgery, Policlinico Universitario Agostino Gemelli, Catholic University, Rome (Italy); Antinori, Armando; Crucitti, Antonio [Department of Surgery, Policlinico Universitario Agostino Gemelli, Catholic University, Rome (Italy); D'Agostino, Giuseppe R. [Department of Radiotherapy, Policlinico Universitario Agostino Gemelli, Catholic University, Rome (Italy); Di Lullo, Liberato [Department of Medical Oncology, General Hospital, Isernia (Italy); Luzi, Stefano; Mantini, Giovanna; Smaniotto, Daniela [Department of Radiotherapy, Policlinico Universitario Agostino Gemelli, Catholic University, Rome (Italy); Doglietto, Gian B. [Department of Digestive Surgery, Policlinico Universitario Agostino Gemelli, Catholic University, Rome (Italy); Cellini, Numa [Department of Radiotherapy, Policlinico Universitario Agostino Gemelli, Catholic University, Rome (Italy)

2010-03-01

145

A Multicenter Phase I/II Study of Obatoclax Mesylate Administered as a 3- or 24-Hour Infusion in Older Patients with Previously Untreated Acute Myeloid Leukemia  

PubMed Central

Purpose An open-label phase I/II study of single-agent obatoclax determined a maximum tolerated dose (MTD) and schedule, safety, and efficacy in older patients (?70 yr) with untreated acute myeloid leukemia (AML). Experimental Design Phase I evaluated the safety of obatoclax infused for 3 hours on 3 consecutive days (3 h×3 d) in 2-week cycles. Initial obatoclax dose was 30 mg/day (3 h×3 d; n?=?3). Obatoclax was increased to 45 mg/day (3 h×3 d) if ?1 patient had a dose-limiting toxicity (DLT) and decreased to 20 mg/day (3 h×3 d) if DLT occurred in ?2 patients. In the phase II study, 12 patients were randomized to receive obatoclax at the dose identified during phase I (3 h×3 d) or 60 mg/day administered by continuous infusion over 24 hours for 3 days (24 h×3 d) to determine the morphologic complete response rate. Results In phase I, two of three patients receiving obatoclax 30 mg/day (3 h×3 d) experienced grade 3 neurologic DLTs (confusion, ataxia, and somnolence). Obatoclax was decreased to 20 mg/day (3 h×3 d). In phase II, no clinically relevant safety differences were observed between the 20 mg/day (3 h×3 d; n?=?7) and 60 mg/day (24 h×3 d; n?=?5) arms. Neurologic and psychiatric adverse events were most common and were generally transient and reversible. Complete response was not achieved in any patient. Conclusions Obatoclax 20 mg/day was the MTD (3 h×3 d) in older patients with AML. In the schedules tested, single-agent obatoclax was not associated with an objective response. Evaluation in additional subgroups or in combination with other chemotherapy modalities may be considered for future study. Trial Registration ClinicalTrials.gov NCT00684918 PMID:25285531

Schimmer, Aaron D.; Raza, Azra; Carter, Thomas H.; Claxton, David; Erba, Harry; DeAngelo, Daniel J.; Tallman, Martin S.; Goard, Carolyn; Borthakur, Gautam

2014-01-01

146

Sleep deprivation impairs recall of social transmission of food preference in rats  

PubMed Central

Evidence indicates that sleep plays an important role in learning and memory, and disruption of sleep especially seems to interfere with hippocampal memory processes. Social transmission of food preference (STFP), a natural test of paired associative learning, has been shown to be dependent on the hippocampus. While social transmission of food preference is not a novel task, it has not been used to examine the role of sleep in memory consolidation. Male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into three groups: cage control; sleep-deprived; and device control. Demonstrator rats were given powdered food mixed with a target spice. Test rats then interacted with demonstrator rats before being given a two choice test of powered food with the target spice or a novel spice. Sleep-deprived rats were then placed in an automated device that prevented sleep for 24 hours. After sleep deprivation, animals were given a preference test again to determine memory for the target spice at both 24 hours and 72 hours. Polysomnography was used to validate the method of sleep deprivation. During immediate preference testing, rats demonstrated a clear preference for the food containing the target spice. Rats that experienced 24 hours of sleep deprivation following the initial testing indicated a significant reduction in the recall of the target spice at 24 and 72 hours. The cage control and device animals maintained their preference for food containing the target spice. Therefore, the loss of sleep interfered with memory consolidation for food preference learned via social transmission.

Wooden, Jessica I; Pido, Jennifer; Mathews, Hunter; Kieltyka, Ryan; Montemayor, Bertha A; Ward, Christopher P

2014-01-01

147

Diet and serum lipids in vegan vegetarians: a model for risk reduction.  

PubMed

The lipid levels and dietary habits of 31 Seventh-Day Adventist vegan vegetarians (aged 5 to 46 years) who consume no animal products were assessed. Mean serum total cholesterol (3.4 mmol/L), low-density-lipoprotein cholesterol (1.8 mmol/L), and triglyceride (0.8 mmol/L) levels were lower than expected values derived from the Lipid Research Clinics Population Studies prevalence data. Mean high-density-lipoprotein cholesterol (1.3 mmol/L) was comparable to expected values. Analysis of quantitative food frequency data showed that vegans had a significantly lower daily intake of total energy, percentage of energy from fat (31% vs 38%), total fat, saturated fat, monounsaturated fatty acids, cholesterol, and protein and a significantly higher intake of fiber than a sample of matched omnivore controls. Vegans' food intake was also compared with expected values, matched for sex and age, derived from the second National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey and Continuing Survey of Food Intakes by Individuals 24-hour recall data. The vegan diet was characterized by increased consumption of almonds, cashews, and their nut butters; dried fruits; citrus fruits; soy milk; and greens. We conclude from the present study that a strict vegan diet, which is typically very low in saturated fat and dietary cholesterol and high in fiber, can help children and adults maintain or achieve desirable blood lipid levels. PMID:1849932

Resnicow, K; Barone, J; Engle, A; Miller, S; Haley, N J; Fleming, D; Wynder, E

1991-04-01

148

Effect of road transport for up to 24 hours followed by twenty-four hour recovery on live weight and physiological responses of bulls  

PubMed Central

Background The transport of livestock can have major implications for their welfare, and there is strong public interest and scientific endeavour aimed at ensuring that the welfare of transported animals is optimal. The objective of the study was to investigate the effect of transport on live weight, physiological and haematological responses of bulls after road transport of 0, 6, 9, 12, 18 and 24 hours (h). Seventy-two Charolais bulls (mean weight (s.d.) 367 (35) kg), naïve to transport, were randomly assigned to one of six journey (J) times of 0 h, 6 h, 9 h, 12 h, 18 h and 24 h transport (n = 12 animals/treatment) at a stocking density of 1.02 m2/bull. Blood samples were collected by jugular venipuncture before transport (-0.25 h), immediately after (0 h) and at 1 h, 2 h, 4 h, 6 h, 8 h, 12 h and 24 h relative to time 0 h. The bulls were weighed before transport (- 24 h and - 0.25 h), immediately after (0 h), and at 4 h, 12 h and 24 h relative to time 0 h. Control animals were blood sampled before assignment (-0.25 h) to novel pens, after (24 h), and at 1 h, 2 h, 4 h, 6 h, 8 h, 12 h and 24 h relative to the 24 h sampling time point. Results Bulls travelling for 6 h (280 km), 9 h (435 km), 12 h (582 km), 18 h (902 km) and 24 h (1192 km) lost 4.7, 4.5, 5.7 (P < 0.05), 6.6 (P < 0.05) and 7.5 (P < 0.05) percentage (%) live weight compared with baseline. Live weight re-gained to pre-transport levels during the 24 h recovery period. Lymphocyte percentages were lower (P < 0.05) and neutrophil percentages were greater (P < 0.05) in all animals. Blood protein, glucose and NEFA concentrations and creatine kinase activity were greater (P < 0.05) in the bulls following transport and returned to baseline within 24 h. Conclusions Under the conditions of the present study, transport of bulls on journeys by road, ranging from 6 h (280 km) to 24 h (1192 km) duration, affected live weight, haematological and physiological measurements of metabolism and inflammation. Our findings showed that live weight and some physiological and haematological responses of bulls returned to pre-transport levels within 24 h with animals having had access to feed and water. PMID:20646269

2010-01-01

149

Effects of ranitidine and cisapride on acid reflux and oesophageal motility in patients with reflux oesophagitis: a 24 hour ambulatory combined pH and manometry study.  

PubMed

The effect of ranitidine and cisapride on acid reflux and oesophageal motility was investigated in 18 patients with endoscopically verified erosive reflux oesophagitis. Each patient was treated with placebo, ranitidine (150 mg twice daily), and ranitidine (150 mg twice daily) plus cisapride (20 mg twice daily) in a double blind, double dummy, within subject, three way cross over design. Oesophageal acidity and motility were monitored under ambulatory conditions for 24 hours on the fourth day of treatment, after a wash out period of 10 days during which patients received only antacids for relief of symptoms. Acid reflux was monitored by a pH electrode located 5 cm above the lower oesophageal sphincter. Intraoesophageal pressure was simultaneously recorded from four transducers placed 20, 15, 10, and 5 cm above the lower oesophageal sphincter. Upright reflux was three times higher than supine reflux (median (range) 13.3 (3.7-35.0)% v 3.7 (0-37.6)% of the time with pH < 4.0, p < 0.01, n = 18). Compared with placebo, ranitidine decreased total reflux (from 10.0 (3.2-32.6)% to 6.4 (1.2-22.9)%, p < 0.01), upright reflux (p < 0.05), supine reflux (p < 0.001), and postprandial reflux (p < 0.01), but did not affect oesophageal motility. The combination of ranitidine with cisapride further diminished the acid reflux found with ranitidine--that is, cisapride led to an additional reduction of total reflux (from 6.4 (1.2-22.9)% to 3.7 (1.0-12.7)%, p < 0.01), supine reflux (p < 0.05), and postprandial reflux (p < 0.05). Cisapride also reduced both the number (p<0.01) and duration (p<0.05) of reflux episodes and significantly increased amplitude, duration, and propagation velocity of oesophageal contractions (p<0.05) but did not affect the number of contractions. The findings show that the 30% reduction of oesophageal acid exposure achieved by a conventional dose of ranitidine (150 mg twice daily) can be improved to more than 60% by combination with cisapride (20 mg twice daily). The cisapride induced increase in oesophageal contractile force and propagation velocity seems to enhance the clearance of gastro-oesophageal reflux. Combination of a histamine H2 receptor antagonist with a prokinetic agent may therefore provide an alternative treatment for reflux oesophagitis. PMID:8174947

Inauen, W; Emde, C; Weber, B; Armstrong, D; Bettschen, H U; Huber, T; Scheurer, U; Blum, A L; Halter, F; Merki, H S

1993-08-01

150

Radiation Recall with Anticancer Agents  

PubMed Central

Radiation recall is an acute inflammatory reaction confined to previously irradiated areas that can be triggered when chemotherapy agents are administered after radiotherapy. It remains a poorly understood phenomenon, but increased awareness may aid early diagnosis and appropriate management. A diverse range of drugs used in the treatment of cancer has been associated with radiation recall. As most data come from case reports, it is not possible to determine the true incidence, but to date the antineoplastic drugs for which radiation recall reactions have been most commonly reported include the anthracycline doxorubicin, the taxanes docetaxel and paclitaxel, and the antimetabolites gemcitabine and capecitabine. Radiation recall is drug-specific for any individual patient; it is not possible to predict which patients will react to which drugs, and rechallenge does not uniformly induce a reaction. There are no identifiable characteristics of drugs that cause radiation recall, and thus, it is a possibility that must be kept in mind with use of any drug after radiotherapy, including those from new drug classes. Although it is not yet possible to design treatment regimens to eliminate the risk of radiation recall, it seems likely that risks can be minimized by prolonging the interval between completion of radiotherapy and initiation of chemotherapy. PMID:21045191

Hurtig, Jane

2010-01-01

151

Assessing the intake of obesity-related foods and beverages in young children: comparison of a simple population survey with 24 hr-recall  

PubMed Central

Background With an increasing focus on obesity prevention there is a need for simple, valid tools to assess dietary indicators that may be the targets of intervention programs. The objective of this study was to determine the relative validity of previous day dietary intake using a newly developed parent-proxy questionnaire (EPAQ) for two to five year old children. Methods A convenience sample of participants (n = 90) recruited through preschools and the community in Geelong, Australia provided dietary data for their child via EPAQ and interviewer-administered 24-hour dietary recall (24 hr-recall). Comparison of mean food and beverage group servings between the EPAQ and 24 hr-recall was conducted and Spearman rank correlations were computed to examine the association between the two methods. Results Mean servings of food/beverage groups were comparable between methods for all groups except water, and significant correlations were found between the servings of food and beverages using the EPAQ and 24-hr recall methods (ranging from 0.57 to 0.88). Conclusion The EPAQ is a simple and useful population-level tool for estimating the intake of obesity-related foods and beverages in children aged two to five years. When compared with 24-hour recall data, the EPAQ produced an acceptable level of relative validity and this short survey has application for population monitoring and the evaluation of population-based obesity prevention interventions for young children. PMID:19857247

Bennett, Cheryl-Ann; de Silva-Sanigorski, Andrea M; Nichols, Melanie; Bell, Andrew C; Swinburn, Boyd A

2009-01-01

152

Is scanning in probed order recall articulatory?  

Microsoft Academic Search

We consider how theories of serial recall might apply to other short-term memory tasks involving recall of order. In particular, we consider the possibility that when participants are cued to recall an item at an arbitrary position in a sequence, they covertly serially recall the list up to the cued position. One question is whether such “scanning” is articulatory in

Simon Farrell; Anna Lelièvre

2009-01-01

153

Social Environment Factors, Diet Quality, and Body Weight in 12-Year-Old Children from Four Public Schools in Puerto Rico  

PubMed Central

Objective To explore the association of social-environment (SE) factors and diet quality (DQ) with weight status in a group of children in Puerto Rico (PR). Methods A cross-sectional study in a sample of 114 12-year-old children enrolled in 4 public schools in the San Juan Metropolitan area in Puerto Rico (PR) during the 2012–2013 school year. These children completed a self-administered questionnaire on socio-demographic characteristics and SE, with information on family meal patterns; parental feeding styles; parental, peer, and school support for healthy eating; physical activity (PA); and frequency of PA and sedentary times. The participants also completed at 24-hour dietary recall interview to determine DQ. This was assessed with the Healthy Eating Index (HIE)-2010, an instrument that evaluates compliance with the Dietary Guidelines for Americans. Body mass index (BMI) was calculated and categorized as healthy weight, overweight, or obese. Results 36% of participants were overweight/obese. In terms of DQ, 55% had “poor” DQ, 45% had diets that “need improvement”, and none had “good” DQ. Children of healthy weight (75.0%) reported more frequent family meals than did overweight/obese children (57.5%; p = 0.05). No other significant associations were found between SE factors and DQ or body weight status. Conclusion Most of the participants were of healthy weight but had poor quality diets. Having a healthy weight was positively associated with frequent family meals. PMID:24964643

Serrano, Mónica; Torres, Roxana; Pérez, Cynthia M.; Palacios, Cristina

2014-01-01

154

Lead Consumption of 18- to 36-Month-Old Children as Determined from Duplicate Diet Collections  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective To determine the amount of lead ingested in food by means of duplicate diet collections, nutrient intakes, and anthropometric measurements of young children.Design Once a month for a year, data were collected from 24-hour duplicate diets, hand wipes, a dust index, and anthropometric measurements. Quarterly, venous blood samples were obtained. Thermal ionization spectrometry by means of a lead-205 tracer

K STANEK; W MANTON; C ANGLE; K ESKRIDGE; A KUEHNEMAN; C HANSON

1998-01-01

155

Home-Schooled Children are thinner, leaner, and report better diets relative to traditionally-schooled children  

PubMed Central

Objective To examine and compare the relationships among diet, physical activity, and adiposity between home-schooled children (HSC) and traditionally-schooled children (TSC). Design and Methods Subjects were HSC (n=47) and TSC (n=48) aged 7 to 12 years old. Dietary intakes were determined via two 24-hour recalls and physical activity was assessed with 7 days of accelerometry. Fat mass (FM), trunk fat, and percent body fat (%BF) were measured by dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry (DXA). Results Relative to HSC, TSC demonstrated significantly higher BMI percentiles, FM, trunk fat, and %BF; consumed 120 total kilocalories more per day; and reported increased intakes of trans fats, total sugar, added sugars, calcium, and lower intakes of fiber, fruits, and vegetables (p<0.05). At lunch, TSC consumed significantly more calories, sugar, sodium, potassium, and calcium compared to HSC (p<0.05). Physical activity did not differ between groups. Traditional schooling was associated with increased consumption of trans fat, sugar, calcium (p<.05); lower intakes of fiber, and fruits and vegetables (p<.05); and higher FM, %BF, and trunk fat (p<0.01), after adjustment for covariates. Conclusions These data suggest HSC may consume diets that differ in energy and nutrient density relative to TSC, potentially contributing to differences in weight and adiposity. PMID:24039204

Cardel, Michelle; Willig, Amanda L.; Dulin-Keita, Akilah; Casazza, Krista; Cherrington, Andrea; Gunnarsdottir, Thrudur; Johnson, Susan L.; Peters, John C.; Hill, James O.; Allison, David B.; Fernandez, Jose R.

2013-01-01

156

Diet quality as measured by the healthy eating index and the association with lipid profile in low-income women in early postpartum.  

PubMed

Early postpartum is a critical period that may initiate consumption of an unhealthful diet, which can lead to obesity and adverse lipid profiles. The Healthy Eating Index 2005 (HEI 2005) is a tool that assesses diet quality in terms of adherence to the 2005 Dietary Guidelines for Americans. Previous versions of HEI have shown to be associated with serum lipids. The aim of this research is to evaluate the diet quality of women in early postpartum using the HEI 2005 and to examine the relationship of index scores with serum lipids and anthropometrics. A convenience sample of 125 multiethnic, overweight/obese women in early postpartum was recruited from urban clinics from June 2004 through April 2007. Dietary intake was measured via the average of a 24-hour dietary recall and 2-day food intake records. The HEI 2005 scores were computed to assess diet quality and were compared to anthropometrics and serum lipids. Descriptive statistics, analysis of covariance, and linear regression were utilized. This sample had low mean scores in fruits, total vegetables, whole grains, and oil components. Conversely, participants consumed more than recommended amounts of sodium, saturated fats, and discretionary calories. The HEI 2005 scores inversely predicted body mass index and low-density lipoprotein and total cholesterol, and positively predicted high-density lipoprotein cholesterol. Low-income women in early postpartum exhibited poor diet quality, as indicated by low total index scores. Further studies are warranted to identify appropriate dietary modifications in this population and to confirm the association of diet quality, as assessed by this HEI 2005 index, with lipids and other markers of health. PMID:20102856

Shah, Bijal S; Freeland-Graves, Jeanne H; Cahill, Jodi M; Lu, Hongxing; Graves, Glenn R

2010-02-01

157

Sustained 24-hour blockade of the renin-angiotensin system: A high dose of a long-acting blocker is as effective as a lower dose combined with an angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor  

Microsoft Academic Search

Whether a higher dose of a long-acting angiotensin II receptor blocker (ARB) can provide as much blockade of the renin-angiotensin system over a 24-hour period as the combination of an angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor and a lower dose of ARB has not been formally demonstrated so far. In this randomized double-blind study we investigated renin-angiotensin system blockade obtained with 3 doses

Christopher Hasler; Jürg Nussberger; Marc Maillard; Andrei Forclaz; Hans R. Brunner; Michel Burnier

2005-01-01

158

Consistency with the dietary approaches to stop hypertension diet among adults with diabetes.  

PubMed

Few studies have documented whether the dietary patterns of adults with diabetes are similar to the Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH) diet. Our objective was to determine differences in the degree of consistency with the DASH diet among adults with self-reported diabetes (with and without self-reported high blood pressure) compared with those without either disease. It was a cross-sectional study using data from 5,867 nonpregnant, noninstitutionalized adults aged ? 20 years with two reliable 24-hour recall dietary interviews in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey during 2003-2004 and 2005-2006. Diabetes and hypertension status were obtained from a questionnaire, and degree of consistency with the DASH diet was calculated based on nine nutrient targets (0- to 9-point DASH score). Multiple linear regression (adjusting for age, energy intake, and other covariates such as education, race, and body mass index) was performed to compare mean DASH scores and mean nutrient intakes among adults with diabetes, with and without high blood pressure, to those without either disease. No statistically significant differences were seen in mean DASH score among the three groups in the unadjusted or fully adjusted multivariable models. Compared with adults without either disease, those with only diabetes had higher intakes of fiber (8.1 g/1,000 kcal vs 7.6 g/1,000 kcal; P=0.02) and total fat as a percentage of total energy (35.3% vs 34.1%; P=0.006), and those with both diabetes and hypertension had higher sodium intake (153.0% of DASH target vs 146.6%; P=0.04). This information about individual nutrients could help guide the development of education programs. PMID:23102178

Morton, Suzanne; Saydah, Sharon; Cleary, Sean D

2012-11-01

159

21 CFR 7.40 - Recall policy.  

...2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Recall policy. 7.40 Section 7.40 Food and...HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL ENFORCEMENT POLICY Recalls (Including Product Corrections)-Guidance on Policy, Procedures, and Industry...

2014-04-01

160

Snacking patterns, diet quality, and cardiovascular risk factors in adults  

PubMed Central

Background The relationship of snacking patterns on nutrient intake and cardiovascular risk factors (CVRF) in adults is unknown. The aim of this study was to examine the associations of snacking patterns with nutrient intake, diet quality, and a selection of CVRF in adults participating in the 2001-2008 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Methods 24-hour dietary recalls were used to determine intake and cluster analysis was used to identify the snacking patterns. Height and weight were obtained and the health indices that were evaluated included diastolic and systolic blood pressure, high density lipoprotein-cholesterol, low density lipoprotein cholesterol, triacylglycerides, blood glucose, and insulin. Results The sample was participants (n = 18,988) 19+ years (50% males; 11% African-Americans; 72% white, 12% Hispanic-Americans, and 5% other). Cluster analyses generated 12 distinct snacking patterns, explaining 61% of the variance in snacking. Comparisons of snacking patterns were made to the no snack pattern. It was found that miscellaneous snacks constituted the most common snacking pattern (17%) followed by cakes/cookies/pastries (12%) and sweets (9%). Most snacking patterns were associated with higher energy intakes. Snacking patterns cakes/cookies/pastries, vegetables/legumes, crackers/salty snacks, other grains and whole fruit were associated with lower intakes of saturated fatty acids. Added sugars intakes were higher in the cakes/cookies/pastries, sweets, milk desserts, and soft drinks patterns. Five snack patterns (cakes/cookies/pastries, sweets, vegetable/legumes, milk desserts, soft drinks) were associated with lower sodium intakes. Several snack patterns were associated with higher intakes of potassium, calcium, fiber, vitamin A, and magnesium. Five snacking patterns (miscellaneous snacks; vegetables/legumes; crackers/salty snacks; other grains; and whole fruit) were associated with better diet quality scores. Alcohol was associated with a lower body mass index and milk desserts were associated with a lower waist circumference. No snack patterns were associated with other CVRF studied. Conclusions Overall, several snacking patterns were associated with better diet quality than those consuming no snacks. Yet, the majority of the snacking patterns were not associated with CVRF. Education is needed to improve snacking patterns in terms of nutrients to limit in the diet along with more nutrient-dense foods to be included in snacks. PMID:24754905

2014-01-01

161

The Use of Hypnosis to Enhance Recall  

Microsoft Academic Search

The forensic use of hypnosis is increasing. A hypermnesic procedure was used in an experiment that calls this practice into question. Subjects tried for a week to recall 60 previously presented pictures. They were then either hypnotized or not and encouraged to recall even more pictures. Most of the newly recalled material was incorrect, especially for highly hypnotizable subjects in

Jane Dywan; Kenneth Bowers

1983-01-01

162

Infant Nutrition in a Poor Mayan Village of Yucatan is Related to an Energy Deficiency Diet That a Course on Nutrition Could Not Overcome  

Microsoft Academic Search

We measured the weight and length of 84 infants from 1 to 60 months of age in a Mayan village. Length (HAZ) and weight (WAZ) standardized to age decreased rapidly after 4 to 6 months of age and continued falling through 60 months. Sixty-one percent of the infants had WAZ scores 24-hour dietary recall showed that infants with

Heriberto E. Cuanalo De La Cerda; Zulema M. Cabrera Araujo; Ernesto Ochoa Estrada

2007-01-01

163

Index Blood Tests and National Early Warning Scores within 24 Hours of Emergency Admission Can Predict the Risk of In-Hospital Mortality: A Model Development and Validation Study  

PubMed Central

Background We explored the use of routine blood tests and national early warning scores (NEWS) reported within ±24 hours of admission to predict in-hospital mortality in emergency admissions, using empirical decision Tree models because they are intuitive and may ultimately be used to support clinical decision making. Methodology A retrospective analysis of adult emergency admissions to a large acute hospital during April 2009 to March 2010 in the West Midlands, England, with a full set of index blood tests results (albumin, creatinine, haemoglobin, potassium, sodium, urea, white cell count and an index NEWS undertaken within ±24 hours of admission). We developed a Tree model by randomly splitting the admissions into a training (50%) and validation dataset (50%) and assessed its accuracy using the concordance (c-) statistic. Emergency admissions (about 30%) did not have a full set of index blood tests and/or NEWS and so were not included in our analysis. Results There were 23248 emergency admissions with a full set of blood tests and NEWS with an in-hospital mortality of 5.69%. The Tree model identified age, NEWS, albumin, sodium, white cell count and urea as significant (p<0.001) predictors of death, which described 17 homogeneous subgroups of admissions with mortality ranging from 0.2% to 60%. The c-statistic for the training model was 0.864 (95%CI 0.852 to 0.87) and when applied to the testing data set this was 0.853 (95%CI 0.840 to 0.866). Conclusions An easy to interpret validated risk adjustment Tree model using blood test and NEWS taken within ±24 hours of admission provides good discrimination and offers a novel approach to risk adjustment which may potentially support clinical decision making. Given the nature of the clinical data, the results are likely to be generalisable but further research is required to investigate this promising approach. PMID:23734195

Mohammed, Mohammed A.; Rudge, Gavin; Watson, Duncan; Wood, Gordon; Smith, Gary B.; Prytherch, David R.; Girling, Alan; Stevens, Andrew

2013-01-01

164

40 CFR 91.904 - Voluntary emission recall.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...class or category of engines recalled, including the number of engines to be recalled, the model year, and such other...required to identify the engines recalled; (2...repair under the recall plan, and a description...

2012-07-01

165

40 CFR 91.904 - Voluntary emission recall.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...class or category of engines recalled, including the number of engines to be recalled, the model year, and such other...required to identify the engines recalled; (2...repair under the recall plan, and a description...

2011-07-01

166

40 CFR 91.904 - Voluntary emission recall.  

...class or category of engines recalled, including the number of engines to be recalled, the model year, and such other...required to identify the engines recalled; (2...repair under the recall plan, and a description...

2014-07-01

167

40 CFR 91.904 - Voluntary emission recall.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...class or category of engines recalled, including the number of engines to be recalled, the model year, and such other...required to identify the engines recalled; (2...repair under the recall plan, and a description...

2010-07-01

168

40 CFR 91.904 - Voluntary emission recall.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...class or category of engines recalled, including the number of engines to be recalled, the model year, and such other...required to identify the engines recalled; (2...repair under the recall plan, and a description...

2013-07-01

169

Are forward and backward recall the same? A dual-task study of digit recall.  

PubMed

There is some debate surrounding the cognitive resources underlying backward digit recall. Some researchers consider it to differ from forward digit recall due to the involvement of executive control, while others suggest that backward recall involves visuospatial resources. Five experiments therefore investigated the role of executive-attentional and visuospatial resources in both forward and backward digit recall. In the first, participants completed visuospatial 0-back and 2-back tasks during the encoding of information to be remembered. The concurrent tasks did not differentially disrupt performance on backward digit recall, relative to forward digit recall. Experiment 2 shifted concurrent load to the recall phase instead and, in this case, revealed a larger effect of both tasks on backward recall, relative to forwards recall, suggesting that backward recall may draw on additional resources during the recall phase and that these resources are visuospatial in nature. Experiments 3 and 4 then further investigated the role of visual processes in forward and backward recall using dynamic visual noise (DVN). In Experiment 3, DVN was presented during encoding of information to be remembered and had no effect upon performance. However, in Experiment 4, it was presented during the recall phase, and the results provided evidence of a role for visual imagery in backward digit recall. These results were replicated in Experiment 5, in which the same list length was used for forward and backward recall tasks. The findings are discussed in terms of both theoretical and practical implications. PMID:23263876

St Clair-Thompson, Helen L; Allen, Richard J

2013-05-01

170

Avocado consumption is associated with better diet quality and nutrient intake, and lower metabolic syndrome risk in US adults: results from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2001-2008  

PubMed Central

Background Avocados contain monounsaturated fatty acids (MUFA) dietary fiber, essential nutrients and phytochemicals. However, no epidemiologic data exist on their effects on diet quality, weight management and other metabolic disease risk factors. The objective of this research was to investigate the relationships between avocado consumption and overall diet quality, energy and nutrient intakes, physiological indicators of health, and risk of metabolic syndrome. Methods Avocado consumption and nutrition data were based on 24-hour dietary recalls collected by trained NHANES interviewers using the USDA Automated Multiple Pass Method (AMPM). Physiological data were collected from physical examinations conducted in NHANES Mobile Examination Centers. Diet quality was calculated using the USDA’s Healthy Eating Index-2005. Subjects included 17,567 US adults ???19 years of age (49% female), including 347 avocado consumers (50% female), examined in NHANES 2001–2008. Least square means, standard errors, and ANOVA were determined using appropriate sample weights, with adjustments for age, gender, ethnicity, and other covariates depending on dependent variable of interest. Results Avocado consumers had significantly higher intakes of vegetables (p?diet quality, total fat, monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fats, dietary fiber, vitamins E, K, magnesium, and potassium (p?diet quality, nutrient intake, and reduced risk of metabolic syndrome. Dietitians should be aware of the beneficial associations between avocado intake, diet and health when making dietary recommendations. PMID:23282226

2013-01-01

171

Development of a questionnaire to assay recalled liking for salt, sweet and fat  

Microsoft Academic Search

Liking for a sweet, salty or fatty diet may induce overconsumption of simple carbohydrates, sodium or lipids. Measuring overall liking of the corresponding sensory sensations contributes to understanding the determinants of dietary behaviours. However, no standardized validated questionnaire assaying these sensations is currently available. In the present study, we developed a web-based questionnaire, “PrefQuest”, which measures recalled liking for the

Amélie Deglaire; Caroline Méjean; Katia Castetbon; Emmanuelle Kesse-Guyot; Christine Urbano; Serge Hercberg; Pascal Schlich

172

DIETARY PATTERNS AND DIET QUALITY AMONG DIVERSE OLDER ADULTS: THE UNIVERSITY OF ALABAMA AT BIRMINGHAM STUDY OF AGING  

PubMed Central

Objectives To characterize dietary patterns among a diverse sample of older adults (? 65 years). Design: Cross-sectional. Setting: Five counties in west central Alabama. Participants Community-dwelling Medicare beneficiaries (N=416; 76.8 ± 5.2 years, 56% female, 39% African American) in the University of Alabama at Birmingham (UAB) Study of Aging. Measurements Dietary data collected via three, unannounced 24-hour dietary recalls was used to identify dietary patterns. Foods were aggregated into 13 groups. Finite mixture modeling (FMM) was used to classify individuals into three dietary patterns. Differences across dietary patterns for nutrient intakes, sociodemographic, and anthropometric measurements were examined using chi-square and general linear models. Results Three dietary patterns were derived. A “More healthful” dietary pattern, with relatively higher intakes of fruit, vegetables, whole grains, eggs, nuts, legumes and dairy, was associated with lower energy density, higher quality diets as determined by Healthy Eating Index (HEI)-2005 scores and higher intakes of fiber, folate, vitamins C and B6, calcium, iron, magnesium, and zinc. The “Western-like” pattern was defined by an intake of starchy vegetables, refined grains, meats, fried poultry and fish, oils and fats and was associated with lower HEI-2005 scores. The “Low produce, high sweets” pattern was characterized by high saturated fat, and low dietary fiber and vitamin C intakes. The strongest predictors of better diet quality were female gender and non-Hispanic white race. Conclusion The dietary patterns identified may provide a useful basis on which to base dietary interventions targeted at older adults. Examination of nutrient intakes regardless of the dietary pattern suggests that older adults are not meeting nutrient recommendations and should continue to be encouraged to choose high quality diets. PMID:23299373

HSIAO, P.Y.; MITCHELL, D.C.; COFFMAN, D.L.; ALLMAN, R.M.; LOCHER, J.L.; SAWYER, P.; JENSEN, G.L.; HARTMAN, T.J.

2013-01-01

173

Sports drink consumption and diet of children involved in organized sport  

PubMed Central

Background Organized sport provides one option for children to be physically active. However, there is a paucity of information about the relationship between children’s participation in organized sport and their diet, and specifically their sports drink consumption. Therefore, the relationship between sports participation in children and the consumption of sports drinks, sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) and other components of diet was examined. Methods A cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted using baseline data from the Action Schools! BC Dissemination study cohort (n?=?1421; 9.90 (0.58) y; 736 girls, 685 boys). The differences between the dietary behaviours of children participating in organized sport (sport) versus those that did not participate (non-sport) was examined. A modified Physical Activity Questionnaire for Older Children (PAQ-C) was used to measure physical activity levels and participation in organized sport. A Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ) and 24-hour dietary recall were used to assess eating behaviour and macronutrient intake (including protein, fat, and carbohydrate as well as sugar, fibre and total calories). Fruit, vegetable and beverage quantities were hand-tallied from the dietary recall. Fruit, vegetable and beverage frequency was assessed using the FFQ. Analysis of covariance (ANCOVA) was used to analyse differences between groups and a chi-square test of association was use to determine if participation in sport was significantly associated with the proportion of children consuming sports drinks and SSBs, and with gender. Results Children involved in sport had a lower body mass index (BMI) and were more physically active than children in the non-sport group (p??.05) was observed. However, children involved in organized sport consumed more total calories, fat, fibre, fruit, vegetables and non-flavoured milk (p?diet than non-participants and on average had lower BMI’s despite consuming more calories. As consumption of sports drinks among this age group was low, this may be an ideal time to begin educating children and their parents about the appropriate consumption of sports drinks and the perils of consuming too many SSBs, specifically. PMID:23958337

2013-01-01

174

Diet Screener in the 2005 CHIS: Definition of Acceptable Dietary Data Values  

Cancer.gov

Data collected on the 2005 California Health Interview Survey (CHIS) Screener are coded by frequency and time unit -- times per day, week, or month. We used USDA's 1994-96 Continuing Survey of Food Intakes of Individuals (CSFII) data on reported intakes over two days of 24-hour recall to make judgments about reasonable frequencies of consumption that were reported on a per day basis. This helped us assess values from the CHIS Screener, some of which are highly unlikely.

175

24-hour security contact (0115) 951 3013  

E-print Network

's Court (0.5 miles) metres0 100 TriumphRoad Derby Road A6200 Academic schools and departments Contemporary School 9 4 13/16/18 2/6/10/15 10 1/7/10 18 16 17 13 Other services Banks/Retail Cafes Careers and Employability Service Faith/Prayer rooms Graduate Centre Libraries Sports Student Services Centre Students

Qu, Rong

176

24-hour security contact (0115) 951 3013  

E-print Network

Faith/Prayer rooms George Green Library Graduate School Greenfield Medical Library Hallward Library.5 miles) To King's Meadow Campus (0.5 miles) 53 46 1 1 2 32 3 34 4 0 200metres G G Academic schools Beeston Lane Cut Through Lane Cavendish Sports Centre Medical School 13 15/27 1/3 51 53 19 21 15 24 10 46

Aickelin, Uwe

177

24-hour security contact (0115) 951 3013  

E-print Network

Cripps Health Centre/Chemist/Dentist Estates Office Faith/Prayer Rooms George Green Library Graduate School Greenfield Medical Library Hallward Library Keighton Auditorium 14/17 29/30/31/36 28 31) 53 46 1 1 2 32 3 34 4 0 200metres G G Academic schools and departments (A-Z) Other services (A

Qu, Rong

178

Novel description of the 24-hour circadian rhythms of brachial versus central aortic blood pressure and the impact of blood pressure treatment in a randomized controlled clinical trial: The Ambulatory Central Aortic Pressure (AmCAP) Study.  

PubMed

Elevated brachial blood pressure (BP) is associated with increased cardiovascular risk and predicts morbidity and mortality in humans. Recently, 24-hour ambulatory BP monitoring and assessment of central aortic BP have been introduced to improve BP phenotyping. The Ambulatory Central Aortic Pressure (AmCAP) study combines these approaches and describes, for the first time, the diurnal patterns of simultaneously measured 24-hour ambulatory brachial and central pressures in a prespecified substudy embedded within a clinical trial of BP lowering in patients with hypertension. Twenty-four-hour ambulatory brachial and central pressure measurements were acquired using a tonometer mounted into the articulating strap of a wristwatch-like device (BPro) in 171 participants with hypertension recruited into the ASSERTIVE (AliSkiren Study of profound antihypERtensive efficacy in hyperTensIVE patients) trial. Participants were randomly assigned to BP lowering with either aliskiren 300 mg QD or telmisartan 80 mg QD for 12 weeks. Ambulatory brachial and central BP was measured in all participants both at baseline and at study end. Brachial and central BP both demonstrated typical diurnal patterns with lower pressures at night. However, night time was associated with smaller reductions in central relative to brachial pressure and decreased pulse pressure amplification (P<0.0001 for both). These effects were not modulated after BP lowering and were maintained after adjustment for day and night-time BP and heart rate (P=0.02). This study demonstrates that brachial and central pressure show different diurnal patterns, which are not modulated by BP-lowering therapy, with relatively higher night-time central pressures. These novel data indicate that night-time central BP may provide prognostic importance and warrants further investigation. Clinical Trial Registration- URL: http://www.clinicaltrials.gov. Unique identifier: NCT00865020. PMID:23630950

Williams, Bryan; Lacy, Peter S; Baschiera, Fabio; Brunel, Patrick; Düsing, Rainer

2013-06-01

179

Recall Readiness in Children with Autism  

Microsoft Academic Search

When people are asked to learn information they need to judge when they have encoded the information accurately and will be able to retrieve it correctly. Making such a judgment is an aspect of metacognitive ability, and is referred to as “recall readiness.” Previous researchers have not considered recall readiness in children with autism, therefore we asked matched groups of

Annette Farrant; Mark Blades; Jill Boucher

1999-01-01

180

Recall from Semantic and Episodic Memory.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although research in episodic recall memory, comparing younger and older adults, favors the younger adults, findings in semantic memory research are less consistent. To examine age differences in semantic and episodic memory recall, 72 young adults (mean age, 20.8) and 72 older adults (mean age 71) completed three memory tests under varied…

Gillund, Gary; Perlmutter, Marion

181

GPO Recalls of Depository Documents: A Review.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Government agencies have increasingly requested depository libraries and the Government Printing Office to destroy or return certain documents. Most recalls fall into the categories of military security, administrative and operational security, falsified data, outright censorship, and environmental security. Requests and recalls should be…

Lynch, Saragail Runyon

1995-01-01

182

Hypermnesia as Determined by Level of Recall.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses three experiments which provide evidence for the conclusions that hypermnesia (increased recall with repeated testing) does not depend on the encoding of material in an imaginal format but is related to the level of recall across conditions within an experiment. (EKN)

Roediger, Henry L., III; And Others

1982-01-01

183

FILE WITHIN 5 DAYS OF INCIDENT. (In the event of a serious or fatal injury or illness, notify within 24 hours. It is the supervisors responsibility to report lost time due to an occupational injury or disease. Failure to do so  

E-print Network

)5783577 ________________________________________________________________________ Occupational and Environmental Safety Supervisors Signature Suite 126 Public Safety Building South within 24 hours. It is the supervisors responsibility to report lost time due to an occupational injury BLANK) OCCUPATIONAL ACCIDENT OR ILLNESS REPORT Name

184

Diets, equipment, and techniques for maintaining crawfish in the laboratory  

USGS Publications Warehouse

One commercial and 4 laboratory prepared extruded, water-stable diets were fed 3 times a week in 1-g portions to juvenile male and female White River crawfish, Procambarus acutus acutus (Girard), for 10 weeks. The. binding material in the laboratory preparation was alginate (Kelgin), whereas that in the commercial preparation was starch. No statistically significant weight differences developed between the groups of crawfish at the end of the 10-week period; all 5 diets were found satisfactory for feeding and maintaining P. acutus acutus in the laboratory, and all test crawfish survived throughout the experimental period. Weight gains were highest in a diet containing 50.5% protein; intermediate in those fed a diet with 46.0% protein; and lowest in those fed diets with 31.7 or 36.3% protein. Crawfish fed the commercial preparation of one of the 46.0% protein diets showed a slightly but not significantly higher weight gain than those fed the laboratory preparation of the diet. In an evaluation of the water stability of 5 commercially prepared animal chow diets and the commercial extruded diet, 2 of the commercial diets disintegrated after one hour exposure in water and the other 3 became bloated after one hour and remained on the surface throughout the 24-hour test. The commercial extruded diet maintained its water stability for the full 24 hours. The commercial preparation of the 46.0% protein diet was successfully used under laboratory conditions for feeding and maintaining the following crawfishes: Cambarellus shufeldtii (Faxon), Cambarus acuminatus Faxon, Orconectes limosus (Rafinesque), O. virilis (Hagen), Procambarus clarkii (Girard), and P. spiculifer (Le conte). In longevity experiments Cambarus diogenes diogenes Girard and Procambarus hinei (Ortmann) now have survived for 8 months on this diet in the laboratory.

Tarshis, I.B.

1978-01-01

185

Effectiveness of recall notification: community response to a nationwide recall of hot dogs and deli meats.  

PubMed

We examined the efficacy of recall notification and advertising in informing the public about a nationwide recall of hot dogs and deli meats. As part of an ongoing random population telephone survey, residents of seven states were interviewed. Data from the survey were weighted to account for the multistage sampling design. Overall, 307 (45%) of 633 knew about the recall. Knowledge was higher among persons older than 40 years (odds ratio = 2.1, 95% confidence interval = 1.4 to 3.3) and persons interviewed after major newspaper notices about the recall. Among those who knew about the recall, 5% believed the products were safe to eat; 23% were not sure. Seventy percent learned about the recall through television. Our findings indicate that routine recall notifications failed to reach a large portion of the population and were not well understood. Messages to the public about recalled products should clearly describe the risks of consuming the recalled product. Supplemental advertising by manufacturers can be beneficial if the risks of consuming the recalled product and recommendations to consumers are clearly described. These policies, coupled with broader distribution through the television and print media, may help increase the proportion of the persons who receive the information they need from future product recalls. PMID:17969620

Patrick, Mary E; Griffin, Patricia M; Voetsch, Andrew C; Mead, Paul S

2007-10-01

186

40 CFR 92.404 - Voluntary emissions recall reporting.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...locomotive or locomotive engine, the manufacturer...emissions recall plan as prescribed by...locomotives or locomotive engines recalled including...the make, the model, and such other...locomotives or locomotive engines recalled. ...under the remedial plan, an...

2013-07-01

187

40 CFR 92.404 - Voluntary emissions recall reporting.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...locomotive or locomotive engine, the manufacturer...emissions recall plan as prescribed by...locomotives or locomotive engines recalled including...the make, the model, and such other...locomotives or locomotive engines recalled. ...under the remedial plan, an...

2010-07-01

188

40 CFR 92.404 - Voluntary emissions recall reporting.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...locomotive or locomotive engine, the manufacturer...emissions recall plan as prescribed by...locomotives or locomotive engines recalled including...the make, the model, and such other...locomotives or locomotive engines recalled. ...under the remedial plan, an...

2011-07-01

189

40 CFR 92.404 - Voluntary emissions recall reporting.  

...locomotive or locomotive engine, the manufacturer...emissions recall plan as prescribed by...locomotives or locomotive engines recalled including...the make, the model, and such other...locomotives or locomotive engines recalled. ...under the remedial plan, an...

2014-07-01

190

40 CFR 92.404 - Voluntary emissions recall reporting.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...locomotive or locomotive engine, the manufacturer...emissions recall plan as prescribed by...locomotives or locomotive engines recalled including...the make, the model, and such other...locomotives or locomotive engines recalled. ...under the remedial plan, an...

2012-07-01

191

Factors influencing recall of childhood sexual abuse.  

PubMed

Selective literatures providing perspective on recall of childhood sexual abuse memories are reviewed. These include known patterns of autobiographical memories in adulthood, metacognitive mechanisms, interpersonal influences, and automatic cognitive processing which can influence judgments and reports of memory recall in children and adults. Some factors in adult experience such as mood state, presence of emotional disorders, past and current relationships, and participation in psychotherapy which can influence autobiographical memory and recall of childhood events are delineated. Available studies directly exploring recovered memories of childhood abuse are considered in light of these studies. Finally, some applications to clinical work and suggestions for future research are outlined. PMID:8564279

Rogers, M L

1995-10-01

192

Diet and Carbohydrate Food Knowledge of Multi-Ethnic Women: A Comparative Analysis of Pregnant Women with and without Gestational Diabetes Mellitus  

PubMed Central

Background Diet therapy is the cornerstone for the management of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). Carbohydrate is the primary nutrient affecting postprandial blood glucose levels. Hence, knowledge of food containing carbohydrates can assist women with GDM optimize glycemic control. Despite that, there is a paucity of research on carbohydrate-related knowledge of women with GDM. The United Arab Emirates (UAE) has one of the highest prevalence of diabetes (19.2%) in the world. This study compared diet and knowledge of carbohydrate-containing foods among pregnant women with and without GDM in the UAE. Methods The sample consisted of multi-ethnic women with GDM (n?=?94) and a control group of healthy pregnant women (n?=?90) attending prenatal clinics in three hospitals in Al Ain, UAE. Data were collected using a questionnaire and a 24-hour recall. Knowledge of food sources of carbohydrate, dietary patterns, and nutrient intakes of the two groups were compared. Results There were no significant differences in the mean knowledge score of food sources of carbohydrate between women with GDM and that of pregnant women without GDM. Similarly, there were no significant differences in energy and nutrient intakes between the two groups with the exception of percent energy from protein. Women with GDM reported significantly lower intake of fruits and fruit juices (P?=?0.012) and higher consumption of milk and yogurt (P?=?0.004) compared to that of women without GDM. Twenty-two percent of women with GDM indicated they never visited a dietitian for counseling while 65% reported they visited a dietitian only once or twice during the pregnancy. Predictors of carbohydrate knowledge score were perceived knowledge of diet and GDM and parity among women with GDM and parity and educational level among those without GDM. Conclusion The results of the study highlight the urgent need to provide nutrition education for women with GDM in the UAE. PMID:24069200

Ali, Habiba I.; Jarrar, Amjad H.; El Sadig, Mohamed; B. Yeatts, Karin

2013-01-01

193

Diet in 45- to 74-year-old individuals with diagnosed diabetes: comparison to counterparts without diabetes in a nationally representative survey (Etude Nationale Nutrition Santé 2006-2007).  

PubMed

A healthy diet has been shown to prevent diabetes complications. However, the eating habits of individuals with diabetes who are aware of their glycemic condition have been poorly studied. This study's objective was to assess the dietary behavior overall and according to dietary recommendations in adults diagnosed with diabetes compared with those of a general population of the same age (45 to 74 years) in a nationally representative survey carried out in France in 2006-2007 (Etude Nationale Nutrition Santé) (n=1,476 including 101 patients with diabetes). Trained dietitians assessed diet using three 24-hour recalls and diabetes was self-declared. After weighting and using multiple adjustments, mean food and nutrient intakes were compared according to diabetes status. Interactions with age and sex were sought. Adults with diabetes had lower intakes of sweetened foods (40 g/day vs 125 g/day), alcohol (1.45 g/day vs 1.64 g/day), energy (1,790 kcal/day vs 1,986 kcal/day), and simple sugar (63.1 g/day vs 89.8 g/day) and higher intakes of meat (126 g/day vs 109 g/day), complex carbohydrates (26.3% energy intake vs 23.6% energy intake), and vitamins B and E (628 ?g/day vs 541 ?g/day). In addition, 45- to 59-year-old individuals with diabetes ate more fruits and vegetables, fiber, beta carotene, folate, vitamin C, and potassium than adults of the same age who did not have diabetes. Overall, 45- to 74-year-old adults with diabetes had a higher-quality diet than individuals without diabetes. However, compared with recommendations, a healthy diet continues to represent a public health challenge in terms of preventing diabetes complications. PMID:24183995

Castetbon, Katia; Bonaldi, Christophe; Deschamps, Valérie; Vernay, Michel; Malon, Aurélie; Salanave, Benoit; Druet, Céline

2014-06-01

194

Jim Lovell Recalls Apollo 8 Launch Day  

NASA Video Gallery

Astronaut Jim Lovell, veteran of two Gemini flights as well as the legendary missions of Apollo 8 and Apollo 13, recalls his thoughts on launch day of Apollo 8 in 1968, when humans first left the E...

195

Efficient waveform recall in absorbing media  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary form only given. We have shown that efficient recall of temporally structured optical pulses in absorbing media can be obtained via the photon echo process if the absorption length and pulse area of brief pulses are appropriately chosen

C. S. Cornish; M. Azadeh; W. R. Babbitt; L. Tsang

1998-01-01

196

Interpersonal Process Recall: An Innovative Technique  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Three specific skills are described that the novice psychiatric resident must begin to learn: interviewing techniques, self-observation, and empathy. Curriculum effective in accelerating the learning process, i.e., interpersonal process recall, is also discussed. (Author/LBH)

Benedek, Elissa P.; Bieniek, Christine M.

1977-01-01

197

Recalls, Market Withdrawals and Safety Alerts  

MedlinePLUS

... these products is ensured by the Interstate Shellfish Sanitation Conference (ISSC), which consists of federal, state, and industry partners who administer the National Shellfish Sanitation Program (NSSP). Spotlight Improving Recall Information for Consumers ...

198

Adiabatic Quantum Optimization for Associative Memory Recall  

E-print Network

Hopfield networks are a variant of associative memory that recall information stored in the couplings of an Ising model. Stored memories are fixed points for the network dynamics that correspond to energetic minima of the spin state. We formulate the recall of memories stored in a Hopfield network using energy minimization by adiabatic quantum optimization (AQO). Numerical simulations of the quantum dynamics allow us to quantify the AQO recall accuracy with respect to the number of stored memories and the noise in the input key. We also investigate AQO performance with respect to how memories are stored in the Ising model using different learning rules. Our results indicate that AQO performance varies strongly with learning rule due to the changes in the energy landscape. Consequently, learning rules offer indirect methods for investigating change to the computational complexity of the recall task and the computational efficiency of AQO.

Hadayat Seddiqi; Travis S. Humble

2014-07-07

199

Maternal recall of exclusive breast feeding duration  

PubMed Central

Background: Both the pattern and duration of breast feeding are important determinants of health outcomes. In vertical HIV transmission research, reliable documentation of early breast feeding practices is important in order to correctly attribute postnatal transmission to feeding pattern. Aims: To validate methods of collecting data on the duration of exclusive breast feeding (EBF) in an area of South Africa with a high HIV prevalence rate. Methods: A total of 130 mothers were interviewed weekly, postnatally. At every interview a 48 hour and a seven day recall breast feeding history were taken. A subset of 70 mothers also received two intermediate visits per week during which additional 48 hour, non-overlapping, recall interviews were conducted. Ninety three infants were revisited at 6–9 months of age when mothers' recall of EBF duration from birth was documented. The different methods of recalling EBF status were compared against an a priori "best comparison" in each case. Results: Reported breast feeding practices over the previous 48 hours did not reflect EBF practices since birth (specificity 65–89%; positive predictive value 31–48%). Six month EBF duration recall was equally poor (sensitivity at 2 weeks 79%; specificity 40%). Seven day recall accurately reflected EBF practices compared with thrice weekly recall over the same time period (sensitivity 96%, specificity 94%). Conclusions: 48 hour EBF status does not accurately reflect feeding practices since birth. Long term recall data on EBF are even more inaccurate. We recommend that data on duration of EBF be collected prospectively at intervals of no longer than one week. PMID:12937095

Bland, R; Rollins, N; Solarsh, G; Van den Broeck, J; Coovadia, H

2003-01-01

200

Estimating Household Water Use: A Comparison of Diary, Prompted Recall, and Free Recall Methods  

Microsoft Academic Search

Studies of household water use are often based on retrospective behavioral reports, which are vulnerable to threats to informant accuracy. This article compares three methods for collecting household water use data: a diary, prompted recall, and free recall. The analyses are based on data from seventy-two randomly selected households in Cochabamba, Bolivia. Per capita water use estimates based on the

Amber Wutich

2009-01-01

201

The relationship between maternal employment and adolescent nutritional status and risks to cardiovascular health  

E-print Network

intake was obtained via 24-hour recall and 2-day diet records. Mothers of the participants answered questionnaires pertaining to work variables including work commitment, autonomy, importance, history, schedule regularity, hours worked per week, income...

Halepeska, Aielie Michelle

2012-06-07

202

MERIT Award Recipient: Raymond J. Carroll, Ph.D.  

Cancer.gov

In our work in nutritional epidemiology, we propose to develop statistical methods applicable to cohort studies of diet and cancer. Dietary studies typically use such instruments as food frequency questionnaires (FFQ), 24-hour recalls and diaries.

203

Reliability and Validity of the Multimedia Activity Recall in Children and Adults (MARCA) in People with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease  

PubMed Central

Objective To determine the reliability and validity of the Multimedia Activity Recall for Children and Adults (MARCA) in people with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Design People with COPD and their carers completed the Multimedia Activity Recall for Children and Adults (MARCA) for four, 24-hour periods (including test-retest of 2 days) while wearing a triaxial accelerometer (Actigraph GT3X+®), a multi-sensor armband (Sensewear Pro3®) and a pedometer (New Lifestyles 1000®). Setting Self reported activity recalls (MARCA) and objective activity monitoring (Accelerometry) were recorded under free-living conditions. Participants 24 couples were included in the analysis (COPD; age 74.4±7.9 yrs, FEV1 54±13% Carer; age 69.6±10.9 yrs, FEV1 99±24%). Interventions Not applicable. Main Outcome Measure(s) Test-retest reliability was compared for MARCA activity domains and different energy expenditure zones. Validity was assessed between MARCA-derived physical activity level (in metabolic equivalent of task (MET) per minute), duration of moderate to vigorous physical activity (min) and related data from the objective measurement devices. Analysis included intra-class correlation coefficients (ICC), Bland-Altman analyses, paired t-tests (p) and Spearman's rank correlation coefficients (rs). Results Reliability between occasions of recall for all activity domains was uniformly high, with test-retest correlations consistently >0.9. Validity correlations were moderate to strong (rs?=?0.43–0.80) across all comparisons. The MARCA yields comparable PAL estimates and slightly higher moderate to vigorous physical activity (MVPA) estimates. Conclusion In older adults with chronic illness, the MARCA is a valid and reliable tool for capturing not only the time and energy expenditure associated with physical and sedentary activities but also information on the types of activities. PMID:24312284

Hunt, Toby; Williams, Marie T.; Olds, Tim S.

2013-01-01

204

Women with endometriosis improved their peripheral antioxidant markers after the application of a high antioxidant diet  

PubMed Central

Background Oxidative stress has been identified in the peritoneal fluid and peripheral blood of women with endometriosis. However, there is little information on the antioxidant intake for this group of women. The objectives of this work were 1) to compare the antioxidant intake among women with and without endometriosis and 2) to design and apply a high antioxidant diet to evaluate its capacity to reduce oxidative stress markers and improve antioxidant markers in the peripheral blood of women with endometriosis. Methods Women with (WEN, n = 83) and without endometriosis (WWE, n = 80) were interviewed using a Food Frequency Questionnaire to compare their antioxidant intake (of vitamins and minerals). Then, the WEN participated in the application of a control (n = 35) and high antioxidant diet (n = 37) for four months. The high antioxidant diet (HAD) guaranteed the intake of 150% of the suggested daily intake of vitamin A (1050 ?g retinol equivalents), 660% of the recommended daily intake (RDI) of vitamin C (500 mg) and 133% of the RDI of vitamin E (20 mg). Oxidative stress and antioxidant markers (vitamins and antioxidant enzymatic activity) were determined in plasma every month. Results Comparison of antioxidant intake between WWE and WEN showed a lower intake of vitamins A, C, E, zinc, and copper by WEN (p < 0.05, Mann Whitney Rank test). The selenium intake was not statistically different between groups. During the study, the comparison of the 24-hour recalls between groups showed a higher intake of the three vitamins in the HAD group. An increase in the vitamin concentrations (serum retinol, alpha-tocopherol, leukocyte and plasma ascorbate) and antioxidant enzyme activity (superoxide dismutase and glutathione peroxidase) as well as a decrease in oxidative stress markers (malondialdehyde and lipid hydroperoxides) were observed in the HAD group after two months of intervention. These phenomena were not observed in the control group. Conclusion WEN had a lower intake of antioxidants in comparison to WWE. Peripheral oxidative stress markers diminished, and antioxidant markers were enhanced, in WEN after the application of the HAD. PMID:19476631

Mier-Cabrera, Jennifer; Aburto-Soto, Tania; Burrola-Mendez, Soraya; Jimenez-Zamudio, Luis; Tolentino, Mari C; Casanueva, Esther; Hernandez-Guerrero, Cesar

2009-01-01

205

A Cross-Sectional Study on the Diet and Nutritional Status of Adolescent Girls in Zamb?zia Province, Mozambique (the ZANE Study): Design, Methods, and Population Characteristics  

PubMed Central

Background There is very little published work on dietary intake and nutritional status of Mozambicans. We conducted a population-based cross-sectional study on the diet and nutritional status of adolescent girls in different types of communities in Zambézia Province, Central Mozambique, in two distinct seasons. Objective The purpose of this paper is to present the design, methods, and study population characteristics of the Estudo do Estado Nutricional e da Dieta em Raparigas Adolescentes na Zambézia (the ZANE Study). Methods Data was collected in January-February 2010 ("hunger season") and in May-June 2010 ("harvest season"). A total of 551 girls in the age group 14-19 years old were recruited from one urban area and two districts (district towns and rural villages). The study protocol included a background interview, a 24-hour dietary recall interview, a food frequency questionnaire, anthropometric measurements, bioimpedance, hemoglobin measurement, and venous blood, urine, buccal cell, and fecal sampling. Results Adolescent motherhood was common in all study regions. Stunting prevalence for the total study population as a weighted percentage was 17.8% (95/549; 95% CI 14.3-22.0) with no regional differences. Overweight was found mainly in the urban area where the prevalence was 12.6% (20/159; 95% CI 7.5-17.6), thinness was rare. There were regional differences in the prevalence of malaria parasitemia and intestinal helminth infestation, but not human immunodeficiency virus. Conclusions The fully analyzed data from the ZANE Study will yield results useful for setting priorities in nutrition policy and further research on the diet and nutritional status in Mozambique and other countries with similar nutritional problems. Trial Registration ClinicalTrials.gov: NCT01944891; http://www.clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT01944891 (Archived by WebCite at http://www.webcitation.org/6L9OUrsq8). PMID:24598035

Freese, Riitta; Fidalgo, Lourdes; Selvester, Kerry; Ismael, Carina; Mutanen, Marja

2014-01-01

206

Prose recall: effects of aging, verbal ability, and reading behavior.  

PubMed

This paper describes an exploratory multivariate analysis designed to determine the relative contributions of age, verbal ability, education, reading habits, and recall strategies to the explanation of variation in performance on prose recall tasks among adults. Four hundred twenty-two adults in three age groups--young (18 to 32), middle (40 to 54) and old (62 to 80)--read and recalled in writing two 388-word prose passages and answered questions about their background, reading habits, and recall strategies. Results indicate that a decrease in quantity of recall appears with increasing age, though verbal ability is a better predictor of recall than is age. In addition, a recall strategy factor representing a paragraph-by-paragraph retrieval strategy produces the highest simple correlations with total recall and contributes significantly to the other recall measures. PMID:3722731

Rice, G E; Meyer, B J

1986-07-01

207

Efficient waveform recall in absorbing media  

Microsoft Academic Search

We have found that highly efficient waveform recall is possible in coherent transient systems in which the storage is optically thick. Coherent transients may be used in a variety of information storage and processing applications with advantages over traditional electronic methods. However, it is believed that a serious problem in application of photon echoes in practical systems is the relatively

Carrie S. Cornish; Mohammad Azadeh; W. Randall Babbitt; Leung Tsang

1998-01-01

208

Improving Text Recall with Multiple Summaries  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background. QuikScan (QS) is an innovative design that aims to improve accessibility, comprehensibility, and subsequent recall of expository text by means of frequent within-document summaries that are formatted as numbered list items. The numbers in the QS summaries correspond to numbers placed in the body of the document where the summarized…

van der Meij, Hans; van der Meij, Jan

2012-01-01

209

Three Analyses of Stimulated-Recall Data.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper compares three analyses of stimulated-recall data gathered in interviews with 24 elementary school teachers who were reporting their interactive decision making (IDM). Two analyses were quantitative--one an experimental design, the other a content analysis--and one was qualitative. The experimental study found that teachers' reflection…

Parker, Walter C.

210

Quantifying Teachers' Recall of Student Behavior  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses School Adjustment Scale, constructed to provide an objective approach requiring only the most elementary act of judgment between a teacher's recall of observations of child's behavior and selection of an appropriate response to describe that behavior. Scale available from author at S. Illinois University, Carbondale. (Author/PC)

Flynn, T. M.

1974-01-01

211

Recall and recognition memory deficits in depression.  

PubMed

The aim of the present study was to establish the nature of memory deficits of depressive subjects in word learning tests. A word learning test consisting of 1, 3 or 5 learning trials was used. We found that patients were characterized by inferior memory recall compared to controls when 5 learning trials were given. Patients performed significantly slower than controls on a recognition test but both patients and controls recognized the same number of words. This suggests that the memory deficits that are present in many depressive subjects may be restricted to impaired active retrieval from memory. A second experiment revealed that recognition memory and delayed recall as well as immediate recall were impaired in depressive patients after 1 learning trial. These short-comings vanished after 3 trials, except for immediate recall. These data suggest that not only retrieval but also encoding of information into memory may be impaired in depression, especially in the beginning of a task when demands on cognitive effort are high. The results are discussed in terms of resource allocation and demands on effort that may change in the course of a task. PMID:1624647

Brand, A N; Jolles, J; Gispen-de Wied, C

1992-05-01

212

Fading Memories: Retrospective Recall Inaccuracies in ADHD  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: This longitudinal study examines the recall accuracy of childhood ADHD symptoms in late adolescence and early adulthood by youth and their parents, compared with reports obtained during childhood. Method: Participants (N = 94) are initially evaluated when they are aged between 7 and 11 and reassessed when they are aged between 16 and 22…

Miller, Carlin J.; Newcorn, Jeffrey H.; Halperin, Jeffrey M.

2010-01-01

213

Interpreting semantic clustering effects in free recall  

PubMed Central

The order in which participants choose to recall words from a studied list of randomly selected words provides insights into how memories of the words are represented, organized, and retrieved. One pervasive finding is that when a pair of semantically related words (e.g. “cat” and “dog”) is embedded in the studied list, the related words are often recalled successively. This tendency to successively recall semantically related words is termed semantic clustering (Bousfield and Sedgewick, 1944; Bousfield, 1953; Cofer et al., 1966). Measuring semantic clustering effects requires making assumptions about which words participants consider to be similar in meaning. However, it is often difficult to gain insights into individual participants’ internal semantic models, and for this reason researchers typically rely on standardized semantic similarity metrics. Here we use simulations to gain insights into the expected magnitudes of semantic clustering effects given systematic differences between participants’ internal similarity models and the similarity metric used to quantify the degree of semantic clustering. Our results provide a number of useful insights into the interpretation of semantic clustering effects in free recall. PMID:22646657

Manning, Jeremy R.; Kahana, Michael J.

2012-01-01

214

Genetic counselling: information given, recall and satisfaction  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aims of this study are to categorise the key points given in genetic counselling, assess the amount and type of information recalled, and examine the relationships between counsellees' knowledge, satisfaction with information received, the meeting of expectations, concern and anxiety. Because of the variety of consultations, a knowledge questionnaire of the key points was constructed for each individual counsellee,

Susan Michie; Valerie McDonald; Theresa M. Marteau

1997-01-01

215

Videotape Replay And Recall In Group Work  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Assessed the effect of Kagan's Interpersonal Process Recall (IPR) on group work and compared it with a T group method. The IPR groups showed significantly greater change in individual and group interaction factors. High-self-esteem subjects showed no difference between methods. The self-confrontation of IPR was beneficial to the low-self-esteem…

Hartson, David J.; Kunce, Joseph T.

1973-01-01

216

Product recall, brand equity, and future choice  

Microsoft Academic Search

The number of major product-recall incidents involving established brands have increased markedly over the last few years. Although the direct costs have been evaluated in these cases (typically in the millions), the indirect costs to brand equity and subsequent loss of market share are harder to evaluate. This paper applies a simulated multistage choice-based experiment to assess the impact of

Con Korkofingas; Lawrence Ang

2011-01-01

217

A Composite Holographic Associative Recall Model.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A model of association formation, storage, and retrieval is described. Experiments which test new predictions derived from the model against human recall are reported. The model is applied to previous findings: prototype abstraction, the A-B A-D paradigm and the Osgood transfer surface. Previous models of memory are discussed. (Author/RD)

Metcalfe Eich, Janet

1982-01-01

218

Children's recalls from five dietary-reporting validation studies: Intrusions in correctly reported and misreported options in school breakfast reports  

PubMed Central

For school breakfast each day, many elementary schools offer a choice between a cold option that includes ready-to-eat (RTE) cereal and a hot option that includes a non-RTE-cereal entrée such as waffles. For breakfast reports, intrusions (reports of uneaten items) in correctly reported and misreported breakfast options were examined using data from five dietary-reporting validation studies. In each study, fourth-grade children were observed eating school breakfast and school lunch and then interviewed to obtain a dietary recall. A breakfast option was correctly reported in 240 breakfast reports for 203 intrusions total, and misreported in 97 breakfast reports for 189 intrusions total. Asymmetry was evident in misreported options; specifically, children observed eating a cold option almost never misreported a hot option, but children observed eating a hot option often misreported a cold option. Proportionately more breakfast reports were intrusion-free when a breakfast option was correctly reported than misreported. Linking of intrusions (i.e., multiple intrusions from the same option in a breakfast report) was especially evident with misreported breakfast options. Methodological aspects of dietary recalls such as target period (prior 24 hours; previous day), interview time (morning; afternoon; evening), and interview format (meal; open) had implications for intrusions and misreported breakfast options. PMID:18501992

Baxter, Suzanne Domel; Hardin, James W.; Royer, Julie A.; Guinn, Caroline H.; Smith, Albert F.

2008-01-01

219

The effect of high fiber snacks on digestive function and diet quality in a sample of school-age children  

PubMed Central

Background Dietary fiber (DF) intake in American children is suboptimal, increasing the risk of GI distress and contributing to poor diet quality. The objective of this study was to determine the effect of introducing two high-fiber snacks per day on gastrointestinal function as well as nutrient and food group intake in healthy children ages 7–11 years old. Methods This study was a randomized controlled prospective intervention study of children 7–11 years of age (n?=?81) attending a rural Midwestern elementary school. Children were randomized by classroom to consume two high-fiber snacks per day (total of 10-12 g DF) or their usual snacks for 8 weeks. Participants completed two 24-hour dietary recalls and a questionnaire about their GI health at baseline, mid-intervention (week 4), and post-intervention. Dietary data was entered into NDSR 2011 and t-tests utilized to assess changes. Analyses were completed in SAS 9.2. Results Children consumed at least half their snack 94% of the time when a snack was chosen (89% of time). Participants in both the intervention and control group had healthy scores on the GI health questionnaire at all time points. The intervention group increased DF (P?=?0.0138) and whole grain (WG) intake (P?=?0.0010) at mid-intervention but after the intervention returned to their baseline DF intake (P?=?0.2205) and decreased their WG intake (P?=?0.0420) compared to baseline. Eating high-fiber snacks increased DF intake by 2.5 g per day (21% increase), suggesting displacement of other fiber-rich foods. Conclusions Study results indicate that children accept high-fiber foods, thus making these high-fiber foods and snacks consistently available will increase DF intake. PMID:24274323

2013-01-01

220

CHILDREN'S STORYTELLING TECHNOLOGIES: DIFFERENCES IN ELABORATION AND RECALL  

E-print Network

CHILDREN'S STORYTELLING TECHNOLOGIES: DIFFERENCES IN ELABORATION AND RECALL by Angela Boltman Professor Willis Hawley #12;ABSTRACT Title of dissertation: CHILDREN'S STORYTELLING TECHNOLOGIES This study examined the elaboration and recall of children's stories through analysis of the content

Golbeck, Jennifer

221

Gender and Nonverbal Expressiveness in Patient Recall of Health Information.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the importance of patient recall of health information and factors influencing and that are influenced by it. Concludes that highly expressive or effective speakers of the same sex are more helpful in promoting recall. (VLC)

Bush, David F.

1985-01-01

222

Radiation recall dermatitis induced by trastuzumab.  

PubMed

We report a case of radiation recall dermatitis caused by trastuzumab. A 55-year-old woman with metastatic breast cancer received palliative first-line trastuzumab/paclitaxel and a salvage partial mastectomy with lymph node dissection was subsequently performed. In spite of the palliative setting, the pathology report indicated that no residual carcinoma was present, and then she underwent locoregional radiotherapy to ensure a definitive response. After radiotherapy, she has maintained trastuzumab monotherapy. Nine days after the fifth cycle of trastuzumab monotherapy, dermatitis in previously irradiated skin developed, with fever. Radiation recall dermatitis triggered by trastuzumab is extremely rare. A high fever developed abruptly with a skin rash. This may be the first case of this sort to be reported. PMID:23543400

Moon, Dochang; Koo, Ja Seung; Suh, Chang-Ok; Yoon, Chang Yun; Bae, Jaehyun; Lee, Soohyeon

2013-03-31

223

Interpersonal Process Recall (IPR): Uses in Training Trauma Counselors.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As an approach to mental health skills training, Interpersonal Process Recall (IPR) emphasizes a learning by discovery method. There are seven basic units in the IPR training package: (1) presentation, on the skills of facilitating communication; (2) affect simulation; (3) counselor recall; (4) inquirer training; (5) client recall; (6) mutual…

Yager, Geoffrey G.

224

Recency and Suffix Effects in Serial Recall of Musical Stimuli  

Microsoft Academic Search

Auditory presentation of verbal items leads to larger recency effects in recall than visual presentation. This enhanced recency can be eliminated if a stimulus suffix (an irrelevant sound) follows the last item. Four experiments tested the hypothesis that recency and suffix effects in serial recall result from a speech-specific process. It was demonstrated that serial recall of musical notes played

Robert L. Greene; Arthur G. Samuel

1986-01-01

225

Organizational Cues and Long-Term Elaborative Recall of Text.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The comprehension and recall of instructional text is heavily dependent upon the contexts in which information input and retrieval occur. College students (N=44) recalled the contents of a hierarchically structured text immediately after study and again six weeks later. Total meaningful recall was better when the superordinate concepts, or cues,…

Glynn, Shawn M.

226

A Bayesian method for estimating the accuracy of recalled depression  

Microsoft Academic Search

We develop a Bayesian method that allows us to compare weekly depression states recalled for a 3-month period to cross-sectionally assessed measurements of current depression assessed during randomly timed phone interviews. Using these data, we examine the accuracy of recalled depression by linking a spline model for recalled depression and a logistic model for current depression. The logistic model includes

Carolyn M. Rutter; Gregory Simon

2004-01-01

227

40 CFR 90.804 - Voluntary emissions recall.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...NONROAD SPARK-IGNITION ENGINES AT OR BELOW 19 KILOWATTS...involving 25 or more engines, the manufacturer must...voluntary emissions recall plan as prescribed by this...class or category of engines recalled including the...to be recalled, the model year, the make,...

2013-07-01

228

40 CFR 94.404 - Voluntary emissions recall reporting.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...campaign involving an engine, the manufacturer...emissions recall plan as prescribed by...class or category of engines recalled including...the make, the model, and such other...required to identify the engines recalled. ...under the remedial plan, an...

2011-07-01

229

40 CFR 94.404 - Voluntary emissions recall reporting.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...campaign involving an engine, the manufacturer...emissions recall plan as prescribed by...class or category of engines recalled including...the make, the model, and such other...required to identify the engines recalled. ...under the remedial plan, an...

2012-07-01

230

40 CFR 94.404 - Voluntary emissions recall reporting.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...campaign involving an engine, the manufacturer...emissions recall plan as prescribed by...class or category of engines recalled including...the make, the model, and such other...required to identify the engines recalled. ...under the remedial plan, an...

2013-07-01

231

40 CFR 94.404 - Voluntary emissions recall reporting.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...campaign involving an engine, the manufacturer...emissions recall plan as prescribed by...class or category of engines recalled including...the make, the model, and such other...required to identify the engines recalled. ...under the remedial plan, an...

2010-07-01

232

40 CFR 90.804 - Voluntary emissions recall.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...NONROAD SPARK-IGNITION ENGINES AT OR BELOW 19 KILOWATTS...involving 25 or more engines, the manufacturer must...voluntary emissions recall plan as prescribed by this...class or category of engines recalled including the...to be recalled, the model year, the make,...

2012-07-01

233

40 CFR 90.804 - Voluntary emissions recall.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...NONROAD SPARK-IGNITION ENGINES AT OR BELOW 19 KILOWATTS...involving 25 or more engines, the manufacturer must...voluntary emissions recall plan as prescribed by this...class or category of engines recalled including the...to be recalled, the model year, the make,...

2010-07-01

234

40 CFR 90.804 - Voluntary emissions recall.  

...NONROAD SPARK-IGNITION ENGINES AT OR BELOW 19 KILOWATTS...involving 25 or more engines, the manufacturer must...voluntary emissions recall plan as prescribed by this...class or category of engines recalled including the...to be recalled, the model year, the make,...

2014-07-01

235

40 CFR 94.404 - Voluntary emissions recall reporting.  

...campaign involving an engine, the manufacturer...emissions recall plan as prescribed by...class or category of engines recalled including...the make, the model, and such other...required to identify the engines recalled. ...under the remedial plan, an...

2014-07-01

236

40 CFR 90.804 - Voluntary emissions recall.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...NONROAD SPARK-IGNITION ENGINES AT OR BELOW 19 KILOWATTS...involving 25 or more engines, the manufacturer must...voluntary emissions recall plan as prescribed by this...class or category of engines recalled including the...to be recalled, the model year, the make,...

2011-07-01

237

Examining the Relationship between Free Recall and Immediate Serial Recall: The Role of List Length, Strategy Use, and Test Expectancy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Recent findings suggest that the immediate free recall (IFR) of short lists is similar to immediate serial recall (ISR). These findings were obtained using a methodology in which participants did not know the list length in advance of each list, and this uncertainty may have encouraged participants to adopt atypical recall strategies. Therefore,…

Grenfell-Essam, Rachel; Ward, Geoff

2012-01-01

238

Product Recalls, Imperfect Information, and Spillover Effects: Lessons from the Consumer Response to the 2007 Toy Recalls  

Microsoft Academic Search

In 2007, the Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC) issued 276 recalls of toys and other children's products, a sizeable increase from previous years. The overwhelming majority of the 2007 toy recalls were due to high levels of lead content and almost all of these toys were manufactured in China. This period of recalls was characterized by substantial media attention to

Seth M. Freedman; Melissa Schettini Kearney; Mara Lederman

2009-01-01

239

Product Recalls, Imperfect Information, and Spillover Effects: Lessons from the Consumer Response to the 2007 Toy Recalls  

E-print Network

to the 2007 Toy Recalls Seth Freedman University of Michigan and Indiana University Melissa Kearney University, the Consumer Product Safety Commission issued 212 recalls of toys and other children's products, a sizeable increase from previous years. We investigate changes in toy sales following these recalls. We find that

Craft, Christopher B.

240

Vegetarian Diet  

MedlinePLUS

A vegetarian diet focuses on plants for food. These include fruits, vegetables, dried beans and peas, grains, seeds and nuts. There is no single type of vegetarian diet. Instead, vegetarian eating patterns usually fall into the ...

241

40 CFR 85.1904 - Voluntary emissions recall report; quarterly reports.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...vehicles or engines, the manufacturer...emissions recall plan as prescribed...of vehicle or engine recalled including...recalled, the model year, the make, the model, and such...vehicles or engines recalled...the remedial plan, an...

2012-07-01

242

40 CFR 85.1904 - Voluntary emissions recall report; quarterly reports.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...vehicles or engines, the manufacturer...emissions recall plan as prescribed...of vehicle or engine recalled including...recalled, the model year, the make, the model, and such...vehicles or engines recalled...the remedial plan, an...

2010-07-01

243

40 CFR 85.1904 - Voluntary emissions recall report; quarterly reports.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...vehicles or engines, the manufacturer...emissions recall plan as prescribed...of vehicle or engine recalled including...recalled, the model year, the make, the model, and such...vehicles or engines recalled...the remedial plan, an...

2011-07-01

244

40 CFR 85.1904 - Voluntary emissions recall report; quarterly reports.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...vehicles or engines, the manufacturer...emissions recall plan as prescribed...of vehicle or engine recalled including...recalled, the model year, the make, the model, and such...vehicles or engines recalled...the remedial plan, an...

2013-07-01

245

Recalling sexual behavior: a methodological analysis of memory recall bias via interview using the diary as the gold standard.  

PubMed

This study examined the effect of time lag on the validity of retrospective self-reports of sexual behavior. Seventy-five heterosexual students (44 women, 31 men) made daily recordings of sexual behavior, condom use, and alcohol or substance use for 1 month. Ability of respondents to recall sexual behavior recorded during this period was assessed at 1, 2, and 3 months after diary completion using recall interviews (25 interviewed at each interval). For vaginal intercourse, total recall error was significantly greater at 3 months than at 1 month post-diary. For all other variables assessed, the 2- and 3-month time intervals did not produce significant increase in total recall error. Higher frequency of vaginal intercourse, orgasm, and alcohol use prior to sexual activity were associated with total recall error for some but not all behaviors and outcomes. The results provide a partial validation of the diary-interview recall model as a method for studying recall error. PMID:14735406

Graham, Cynthia A; Catania, Joseph A; Brand, Richard; Duong, Tu; Canchola, Jesse A

2003-11-01

246

Awareness and recall during general anesthesia  

PubMed Central

Anesthesia awareness is defined as both consciousness and recall of surgical events. New research has been conducted out to test this phenomenon. However, testing methods have not proven reliable, including those using devices based on electroencephalographic techniques to detect and prevent intraoperative awareness. The limitations of a standard intraoperative brain monitor reflect our insufficient understanding of consciousness. Moreover, patients who experience an intraoperative awareness can develop serious post-traumatic stress disorders that should not be overlooked. In this review, we introduce the incidence of intraoperative awareness during general anesthesia and discuss the mechanisms of consciousness, as well as risk factors, various monitoring methods, outcome and prevention of intraoperative awareness. PMID:24910724

2014-01-01

247

21 CFR 107.230 - Elements of an infant formula recall.  

...2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Elements of an infant formula recall. 107...Infant Formula Recalls § 107.230 Elements of an infant formula recall. A recalling...infant formula recall with the following elements: (a) The recalling...

2014-04-01

248

21 CFR 107.230 - Elements of an infant formula recall.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Elements of an infant formula recall. 107...Infant Formula Recalls § 107.230 Elements of an infant formula recall. A recalling...infant formula recall with the following elements: (a) The recalling...

2010-04-01

249

21 CFR 107.230 - Elements of an infant formula recall.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Elements of an infant formula recall. 107...Infant Formula Recalls § 107.230 Elements of an infant formula recall. A recalling...infant formula recall with the following elements: (a) The recalling...

2011-04-01

250

21 CFR 107.230 - Elements of an infant formula recall.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Elements of an infant formula recall. 107...Infant Formula Recalls § 107.230 Elements of an infant formula recall. A recalling...infant formula recall with the following elements: (a) The recalling...

2013-04-01

251

CORRELATIONS OF WEIGHT, LENGTH, AND OTHER BODY MEASUREMENTS IN THE WEAKFISH, CYNOSCION RECALlS  

E-print Network

CORRELATIONS OF WEIGHT, LENGTH, AND OTHER BODY MEASUREMENTS IN THE WEAKFISH, CYNOSCION RECALl for pagination #12;CORRELATIONS OF WEIGHT, LENGTH, AND OTHER BODY MEASUREMENTS IN THE WEAKFISH, CYNOSCION REGALIS we are sure that none of the weights recorded are influenced by the ripening of the gonads

252

Undivided attention improves postoperative anesthesia handover recall  

PubMed Central

Background For years, undivided attention during the presurgical “timeout” has been utilized as a precaution to ensure patient safety. The information relayed during the timeout is presented in a confirmatory nature rather than a delegation of new information. However, it is a standard of practice in which all members of the operating theater provide their full and undivided attention. Standards of patient care should be contiguous throughout the preoperative, perioperative, and postoperative stages of surgery. In this manner, it is expected that the same undivided attention afforded during the timeout should be maintained when transferring the patient to the postanesthesia care unit. Methods In this study, information was collected regarding handover of information during the transfer status postsurgical procedures. Data were collected via observing interactions between the anesthesiologist and the nurse during verbal patient transfers. Results This study demonstrated that the presence of undivided attention during the handover of a surgical patient in the postanesthesia care unit has a direct correlation with improved recall of the information discussed during handover. Conclusion Focus is on the quantity of information that can be recalled by the transferring nurse, and whether or not undivided attention affects the outcome. Analysis focuses on suggestions to better improve patient safety and recovery when being transferred in an anesthetic setting. The practice of patient handover should be standardized to better improve the safety and quality of medical care. PMID:25031549

Arenas, Alejandro; Tabaac, Burton J; Fastovets, Galina; Patil, Vinod

2014-01-01

253

Serial position effects in recall of television commercials.  

PubMed

Does the position of a television commercial in a block of commercials determine how well it will be recalled? The findings of naturalistic studies can be affected by uncontrolled presentation, viewing, and retention variables. In the present article, college students viewed lists of 15 commercials in a laboratory simulation and recalled the product brand names. In an immediate test, the first commercials in a list were well recalled (a primacy effect), as were the last items (a recency effect), in comparison with the recall of middle items. In an end-of-session test, the primacy effect persisted, but the recency effect disappeared. Embedding lists within a television program again produced better recall of the first items during end-of-session tests of recall and recognition. These results offered convergent validity for the naturalistic studies of commercial memory, and they supported the usefulness of combining laboratory and field methods to answer questions about everyday memory. PMID:15871298

Terry, W Scott

2005-04-01

254

Recall-to-Reject in Recognition: Evidence from ROC Curves  

Microsoft Academic Search

Dual-process models of recognition assume that recognition judgments are based on a fast-acting familiarity-based process and a slower, more accurate, recall-based process. Often, the recall process is assumed to operate as a recall-to-reject process in which mismatching information that is retrieved from memory is used to reject test foils that are similar to studied items. In four experiments, we use

Caren M Rotello; Neil A Macmillan; Gordon Van Tassel

2000-01-01

255

Errors in Recall of Age at First Sex  

PubMed Central

Aims To measure the degree and direction of errors in recall of age at first sex. Method Participants were initially recruited in 1994–1995 (Wave I) with 3 subsequent follow-ups in: 1996 (Wave II); 2001– 2002 (Wave III); and 2007–2008 (Wave IV). Participants' individual errors in recall of their age at first sex at Wave IV were estimated by the paired difference between responses given for age at first sex in Wave I and Wave IV (recalled age at first sex obtained at Wave IV minus the age at first sex obtained at Wave I). Results The mean of the recall-estimation of age at first sex at Wave IV was found to be slightly increased comparing to the age at first sex at Wave I (less than 1 year). The errors in the recalled age at first sex tended to increase in participants who had their first sex younger or older than the average, and the recalled age at first sex tended to bias towards the mean (i.e. participants who had first sex younger than the average were more likely to recall an age at first sex that was older than the age, and vice versa). Conclusions In this U.S. population-based sample, the average recall error for age at first sex was small. However, the accuracy of recalled information varied significantly among subgroup populations. PMID:24015283

Liang, Wenbin; Chikritzhs, Tanya

2013-01-01

256

A structured history for command recall  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of a history is to provide access to previously used commands. A structured history is a database of commands that were previously executed by a user, together with methods for storing and recalling these commands. Two models and their implementations are presented here. The first model stores all commands eliminating duplicates and short commands. Retrieval is by pattern matching of several different types, frequency, and time. The second model is a parallel distributed processing model that presents the user with a list of likely candidates for good matches to an input string. The PDP history allows for misspellings and retrieves a list of related commands. The implementations are compared. 17 refs., 3 figs.

Uejio, J.Y.; Blattner, M.M.; Schultz, E.E.; Ishikawa, Masumi (Lawrence Livermore National Lab., CA (USA); Electrotechnical Lab., Tsukuba, Ibaraki (Japan))

1989-01-01

257

The influence of levels of processing on recall from working memory and delayed recall tasks.  

PubMed

Recent research in working memory has highlighted the similarities involved in retrieval from complex span tasks and episodic memory tasks, suggesting that these tasks are influenced by similar memory processes. In the present article, the authors manipulated the level of processing engaged when studying to-be-remembered words during a reading span task (Experiment 1) and an operation span task (Experiment 2) in order to assess the role of retrieval from secondary memory during complex span tasks. Immediate recall from both span tasks was greater for items studied under deep processing instructions compared with items studied under shallow processing instructions regardless of trial length. Recall was better for deep than for shallow levels of processing on delayed recall tests as well. These data are consistent with the primary-secondary memory framework, which suggests that to-be-remembered items are displaced from primary memory (i.e., the focus of attention) during the processing phases of complex span tasks and therefore must be retrieved from secondary memory. PMID:21707214

Loaiza, Vanessa M; McCabe, David P; Youngblood, Jessie L; Rose, Nathan S; Myerson, Joel

2011-09-01

258

The Significance of Recall in Automatic Metrics for MT Evaluation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent research has shown that a balanced harmonic mean (F1 measure) of unigram precision and recall outperforms the widely used BLEU and NIST metrics for Machine Translation evaluation in terms of correlation with human judgments of translation quality. We show that signican tly better correlations can be achieved by placing more weight on recall than on precision. While this may

Alon Lavie; Kenji Sagae; Shyamsundar Jayaraman

2004-01-01

259

Rethinking Familiarity: Remember/Know Judgments in Free Recall  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although frequently used with recognition, a few studies have used the Remember/Know procedure with free recall. In each case, participants gave Know judgments to a significant number of recalled items (items that were presumably not remembered on the basis of familiarity). What do these Know judgments mean? We investigated this issue using a…

Mickes, Laura; Seale-Carlisle, Travis M.; Wixted, John T.

2013-01-01

260

Hypermnesia and Reminiscence in Recall: A Historical and Empirical Review  

Microsoft Academic Search

Hypermnesia (increased recall levels associated with increasing retention intervals) is examined, along with the related phenomenon of reminiscence (the recall of previously unrecallable items). A historical survey of the reminiscence literature is presented, and it is concluded that the decline in interest in the phenomenon during the 1930s and 1940s was partly attributable to changes in how reminiscence was defined

David G. Payne

1987-01-01

261

A Bayesian Analysis of Dynamics in Free Recall Richard Socher  

E-print Network

@princeton.edu Abstract We develop a probabilistic model of human memory performance in free recall experiments that memories are formed by assimilating the semantic meaning of studied words (represented as a distribution Introduction Modern computational models of verbal memory assume that the recall of items is shaped

Blei, David M.

262

How to Respond to an Implantable Cardioverter-Defibrillator Recall  

MedlinePLUS

... device or lead), and (3) the model and serial number of the device(s) included in the recall. Your device is ... specific details such as the device manufacturer, model, serial number, and the date that ... the specifics of the recall with your device information. This information ...

263

Neural networks in the brain involved in memory and recall  

Microsoft Academic Search

We consider how the neuronal network architecture of the hippocampus may enable it to act as an intermediate term buffer store for recent memories, and how information may be recalled from it to the cerebral cortex using modified synapses in backprojection pathways from the hippocampus to the cerebral cortex. The recalled information in the cerebral neocortex could then by used

E. T. Rolls; A. Treves

1993-01-01

264

Bender Gestalt Recall: Memory Measure or Intelligence Estimate?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

WAIS subtset standard scores, IQ scores, and factorial deviation quotients were correlated with Bender Gestalt recall scores for 111 vocational rehabilitation clients. Results found that the Bender recall task could not classify Ss as to general intelligence level with greater accuracy than could be obtained with the WAIS Vocabulary subtest alone.…

Armentrout, James A.

1976-01-01

265

Traceability, Product Recalls, Industry Reputation and Food Safety  

E-print Network

Traceability, Product Recalls, Industry Reputation and Food Safety Sebastien Pouliot, Daniel A recalls, industry reputation and food safety S´ebastien Pouliot and Daniel A. Sumner November 17, 2010 of traceability and the level of food safety with many identical small farms in a competitive industry

Ferrara, Katherine W.

266

Output Decay in Immediate Serial Recall: Speech Time Revisited  

Microsoft Academic Search

Four experiments reexamined the hypothesis that immediate serial recall is limited by the spoken duration of list items during output. In all the experiments, spoken serial recall was measured for visually presented words of short and long duration. The duration of first- and second-half list items was varied independently. Experiment 1 used the disyllabic words from Lovatt, Avons, and Masterson

Peter Lovatt; S. E Avons; Jackie Masterson

2002-01-01

267

STUDIES IN HUMAN INTERACTION, INTERPERSONAL PROCESS RECALL STIMULATED BY VIDEOTAPE.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

THE INTERPERSONAL PROCESS RECALL (IPR) TECHNIQUE WAS DEVELOPED AS A MEANS FOR PROBING MORE DEEPLY INTO MAN'S THOUGHTS AND FEELINGS AS HE INTERACTS WITH OTHERS. IT ASSUMES THAT IF A SUBJECT IS GIVEN ENOUGH CUES AND CLUES TO HELP HIM RELIVE AN EXPERIENCE, HIS FEELINGS AND THOUGHTS COULD BE EXPLORED IN DEPTH AND WITH REASONABLE ACCURACY OF RECALL.…

KAGAN, NORMAN; AND OTHERS

268

Videotape in Instructional Improvement: Using Interpersonal Process Recall.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Covers the conditions that influence interpersonal process recall (IPR), how it can be used for instructional improvement, the types of recall which can be used with the IPR approach, and some long range outcomes and implications of IPR. Sources for an IPR manual and workshop information are given. (MER)

Caskey, Owen L.; Trang, Myron

1980-01-01

269

The Prediction of Recall Patterns in Simple Active Sentences.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An experiment was conducted to determine if the structure of a stimulus sentence--as evidenced in the recall pattern of the sentence--could be predicted from information contained in the sentence associations it elicited. Sentence associations to 20 simple sentences were collected from a group of subjects. The free recall of the same 20 sentences…

Clark, Herbert H.; Shepard, R. N.

270

Recall-Oriented Learning for Named Entity Recognition in Wikipedia  

E-print Network

Recall-Oriented Learning for Named Entity Recognition in Wikipedia Behrang Mohit, Nathan Schneider;Recall-Oriented Learning for Named Entity Recognition in Wikipedia Behrang Mohit Nathan Schneider Rishav considers named entity recognition (NER) in text that is different from most past research on NER

Eskenazi, Maxine

271

Recall in older cancer patients: measuring memory for medical information  

Microsoft Academic Search

PURPOSE: Remembering medical treatment information may be particularly taxing for older cancer patients, but to our knowledge this ability has never been assessed in this specific age group only. Our purpose in this study was to investigate older cancer patients' recall of information after patient education preceding chemotherapy. DESIGN AND METHODS: We constructed a recall questionnaire consisting of multiple-choice questions,

JESSE JANSEN; JULIA VAN WEERT; NIENKE VAN DER MEULEN; SANDRA VAN DULMEN; THEA HEEREN; JOZIEN BENSING

2008-01-01

272

Dream Recall Frequency, Attitude Towards Dreams and Openness to Experience  

Microsoft Academic Search

The question whether personality dimensions explain the interindividual differences in dream recall frequency has often been investigated by dream researchers. The present findings confirm previous research which has shown that traits such as openness-to-experience and thin boundaries correlate substantially with dream recall frequency. However, correlation coefficients are small and are much larger if attitude towards dreams or a scale measuring

Michael Schredl; Petra Ciric; Simon Götz; Lutz Wittmann

2003-01-01

273

Personality and Dream Recall Frequency: Further Negative Findings  

Microsoft Academic Search

On the basis of previous findings of dream recall frequency being associated with thin boundariness and sensitivity we assessed the association between DRF and variables that appear related to these two measures. Data from 93 participants (47 males, 46 females, mean age 21.3 yrs., SD = 3.5) show that dream recall frequency (DRF) correlates marginally with neuroticism (r = .20)

Mark Blagrove; Lucy Akehurst

2000-01-01

274

Accuracy in Recalling Interest Inventory Information at Three Time Intervals  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Rates of accurate recall of the Strong Interest Inventory (SII; L. W. Harmon, J. C. Hansen, F. H. Borgen, & A. L. Hammer, 1994) profile information varied with the amount of time elapsed since the interpretation, the type of SII scale, and whether immediate recall was elicited, but rates did not vary with the strategy used to provide the…

Swanson, Jane L.; Gore, Paul A., Jr.; Leuwerke, Wade; D'Achiardi, Catalina; Edwards, Jorie Hitch; Edwards, Jared

2006-01-01

275

Effects of a High-Protein Diet on Regulation of Phosphorus Homeostasis  

PubMed Central

Context: High-protein diets, which are popular for weight loss, contain large quantities of phosphorus. Phosphorus excess and consequent changes in phosphorus regulatory hormones are implicated in vascular calcification and cardiovascular disease. Objective: We tested the hypothesis that a moderate increase in dietary phosphorus during a high-protein diet leads to changes in phosphorus-responsive hormones. Design, Participants, and Setting: We conducted a post hoc analysis of a sequential dietary modification trial in 19 healthy volunteers in the general community. Intervention: Participants received 2 weeks of a weight-maintaining, low-protein (15%) diet, followed by 2 weeks of an isocaloric, high-protein (30%) diet, followed by 12 weeks of an ad libitum high-protein (30%) diet. Main Outcome Measures: Using previously collected samples, plasma concentrations of fibroblast growth factor-23 (FGF-23), PTH, 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D, and 24,25-dihydroxyvitamin D were measured at 8 time points to assess 24-hour variability and in 24-hour pooled samples to delineate changes at the end of each diet period. Results: Mean dietary phosphorus intake during each study period was 1556, 2071, and 1622 mg/d, respectively. Plasma concentrations of FGF-23 and vitamin D metabolites varied in a diurnal pattern; plasma PTH concentrations varied in a bimodal pattern. After changing from a low- to high-protein isocaloric diet, plasma FGF-23 concentrations decreased slightly (mean ?4.48 pg/mL, 95% confidence interval 1.88–7.07). There were no other statistically significant changes in phosphorus regulatory hormones in response to diet modifications. Conclusions: Among healthy people, an approximate 33% increase in dietary phosphorus after institution of a high-protein diet does not cause large changes in measured concentrations of phosphorus regulatory hormones. PMID:23393178

Hoofnagle, Andrew N.; Kratz, Mario; Weigle, David S.; Callahan, Holly S.; Purnell, Jonathan Q.; Horgan, Angela M.; de Boer, Ian H.; Kestenbaum, Bryan R.

2013-01-01

276

Assessing the effect of lexical variables in backward recall.  

PubMed

In a recent study, Bireta et al. (2010) suggested that when participants are required to recall lists of items in the reverse order, more attention is devoted to the recall of order at the expense of item information, leading to the abolition of item-based phenomena (the item and order trade-off hypothesis). In order to test the item and order trade-off hypothesis, we manipulated 4 lexical factors that are well known to influence item retention. The effects of word frequency, of lexicality, of semantic similarity, and of imageability were tested in forward and backward recall. All 4 phenomena were maintained in backward recall, which contradicts the item and order trade-off hypothesis. Instead, we suggest that backward recall might rely on semantic retrieval strategies. PMID:21928932

Guérard, Katherine; Saint-Aubin, Jean

2012-03-01

277

Aha! experiences leave a mark: facilitated recall of insight solutions.  

PubMed

The present study investigates a possible memory advantage for solutions that were reached through insightful problem solving. We hypothesized that insight solutions (with Aha! experience) would be remembered better than noninsight solutions (without Aha! experience). 34 video clips of magic tricks were presented to 50 participants as a novel problem-solving task, asking them to find out how the trick was achieved. Upon discovering the solution, participants had to indicate whether they had experienced insight during the solving process. After a delay of 14 days, a recall of solutions was conducted. Overall, 55 % of previously solved tricks were recalled correctly. Comparing insight and noninsight solutions, 64.4 % of all insight solutions were recalled correctly, whereas only 52.4 % of all noninsight solutions were recalled correctly. We interpret this finding as a facilitating effect of previous insight experiences on the recall of solutions. PMID:23007629

Danek, Amory H; Fraps, Thomas; von Müller, Albrecht; Grothe, Benedikt; Ollinger, Michael

2013-09-01

278

Maternal recall of infant feeding events is accurate.  

PubMed Central

STUDY OBJECTIVE--Retrospective infant feeding data are important to the study of child and adult health patterns. The accuracy of maternal recall of past infant feeding events was examined and specifically the infant's age when breast feeding was stopped and formula feeding and solid foods were introduced. DESIGN AND SETTING--The sample consisted of Bedouin Arab women (n = 318) living in the Negev in Israel who were a part of a larger cohort participating in a prospective study of infant health and who were delivered of their infants between July 1 and December 15, 1981. Data from interviews conducted 12 and 18 months postpartum were compared to the standard data collected six months postpartum. MAIN RESULTS--As length of recall increased there was a small increase in the mean difference, and its standard deviation, between the standard and recalled age when breast feeding was stopped and formula feeding and solid foods were started. Recall on formula feeding was less accurate than recall on solid foods and breast feeding. In particular, among those 61% reporting formula use at the six month interview, 51% did not recall introducing formula when interviewed at 18 months. The odds ratio (95% CI) of stunting versus normal length for age for formula fed versus breast fed infants based on recall data (OR = 2.07; 95% CI 0.82-5.22) differed only slightly from those based on the standard data (OR = 2.21; 95% CI 0.77-6.37). The accuracy of a mother's recall varied with her child's nutritional status at the time of the interview, but not with other sociodemographic, infant, or interviewer characteristics. CONCLUSIONS--Retrospective infant feeding data based on maternal recall of events up to 18 months in the past can be used with confidence in epidemiological studies. However, data on formula feeding may not be as accurate as data on breast feeding and solid food feeding, and accuracy may decrease as length of recall increases. PMID:1645071

Launer, L J; Forman, M R; Hundt, G L; Sarov, B; Chang, D; Berendes, H W; Naggan, L

1992-01-01

279

Recall versus familiarity when recall fails for words and scenes: The differential roles of the hippocampus, perirhinal cortex, and category-specific cortical regions?  

PubMed Central

This fMRI study examined recall and familiarity for words and scenes using the novel recognition without cued recall (RWCR) paradigm. Subjects performed a cued recall task in which half of the test cues resembled studied items (and thus were familiar) and half did not. Subjects also judged the familiarity of the cue itself. RWCR is the finding that, among cues for which recall fails, subjects generally rate cues that resemble studied items as more familiar than cues that do not. For words, left and right hippocampal activity increased when recall succeeded relative to when it failed. When recall failed, right hippocampal activity was decreased for familiar relative to unfamiliar cues. In contrast, right Prc activity increased for familiar cues for which recall failed relative to both familiar cues for which recall succeeded and to unfamiliar cues. For scenes, left hippocampal activity increased when recall succeeded relative to when it failed but did not differentiate familiar from unfamiliar cues when recall failed. In contrast, right Prc activity increased for familiar relative to unfamiliar cues when recall failed. Category-specific cortical regions showed effects unique to their respective stimulus types: The visual word form area (VWFA) showed effects for recall vs. familiarity specific to words, and the parahippocampal place area (PPA) showed effects for recall vs. familiarity specific to scenes. In both cases, these effects were such that there was increased activity occurring during recall relative to when recall failed, and decreased activity occurring for familiar relative to unfamiliar cues when recall failed. PMID:23142268

Ryals, Anthony J.; Cleary, Anne M.; Seger, Carol A.

2013-01-01

280

Coca-Cola Products Recalled in Europe  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This week's In the News reports on Coca-Cola product contamination in Belgium. The biggest product recall in Coca-Cola's 113-year history occurred on June 8, 1999 when 40 school children were hospitalized for poison symptoms in Lochristi, Belgium. Coca-Cola brands such as Fanta, Sprite, Nestea, Kinley tonic, Lift, and juice drinks sold under the Minute Maid name were pulled from store shelves in five European nations following the incident, costing the soft-drink giant an estimated $60 million. The company publicly apologized on June 24, but European officials expressed outrage over CEO M. Douglas Ivester's slow response, company allegations of "psychosomatic reactions" among Belgians, poorly constructed press conferences, and other public relations lapses. Coca-Cola Co. attributes the contamination to manufacturing mistakes made in Dunkirk, France where shipping pallets became tainted by the toxic chemical phenol, a corrosive substance frequently used as an antiseptic and disinfectant. These eight resources provide news analysis and company information regarding this important consumer issue.

Waters, Megan.

281

The impact of chewing gum resistance on immediate free recall.  

PubMed

Although the facilitative effects of chewing gum on free recall have proved contentious (e.g., Tucha, Mecklinger, Maier, Hammerl, & Lange, 2004; Wilkinson, Scholey, & Wesnes, 2002), there are strong physiological grounds, for example, increased cerebral activity and blood flow following the act of mastication, to suppose facilitation. The present study manipulated resistance to mastication, that is, chewing four pellets versus one pellet of gum, with the assumption that increased resistance will accentuate cerebral activity and blood flow. Additionally, chewing rate was recorded for all participants. In a within-participants design, participants performed a series of immediate free recall tasks while chewing gum at learning (one or four pellets) and recall (one or four pellets). Increased chewing resistance was not associated with increased memory performance, despite consistent chewing rates for both the one and four pellet conditions at both learning and recall. However, a pattern of recall consistent with context-dependent memory was observed. Here, participants who chewed the equivalent number of gum pellets at both learning and recall experienced significantly superior word recall compared to those conditions where the number of gum pellets differed. PMID:23848385

Rickman, Sarah; Johnson, Andrew; Miles, Christopher

2013-08-01

282

Conscious recall of different aspects of skill memory.  

PubMed

Different mechanisms are involved in the formation of memories necessary for daily living. For example, different memory representations are formed for the practiced transitions between key-presses (i.e., pressing key "2" after "3" in "4-3-2-1") and for the ordinal position of each key-press (i.e., pressing key "2" in the third ordinal position in "4-3-2-1") in a motor sequence. Whether the resulting transition-based and ordinal-based memories (Song and Cohen, 2014) can be consciously recalled is unknown. Here, we studied subjects who over a week of training and testing formed transition and ordinal-based memory representations of skill for a 12-item sequence of key-presses. Afterwards, subjects were first asked to recall and type the trained sequence and then to perform random key-presses avoiding the trained sequence. The difference in the ability to purposefully recall and avoid a trained sequence represents conscious recall (Destrebecqz and Cleeremans, 2001). We report that (a) the difference in the ability to purposefully recall and to avoid the trained sequence correlated with ordinal-based but not with transition-based memory; (b) subjects with no ability to recall or avoid the trained sequence formed transition-based but not ordinal-based memories; and (c) subjects with full ability to recall and avoid the trained sequence formed both transition-based and ordinal-based memories. We conclude that ordinal-based memory can be voluntarily recalled when transition-based memory cannot, documenting a differential capacity to recall memories forming a motor skill. Understanding that different memories form a motor skill, with different neural substrates (Cohen and Squire, 1980), may help develop novel training strategies in neurorehabilitation of patients with brain lesions. PMID:25071489

Song, Sunbin; Cohen, Leonardo G

2014-01-01

283

21 CFR 810.13 - Mandatory recall order.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

21 Food and Drugs 8 2010-04-01 2010-04-01...order. 810.13 Section 810.13 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES MEDICAL DEVICE RECALL...

2010-04-01

284

Joe Engle Recalls Legacy Of X-15 Testing at Dryden  

NASA Video Gallery

Retired Air Force test pilot and NASA astronaut Joe Engle recalled the legacy of the famed X-15 rocket plane recently during a colloquium at NASA's Dryden Flight Research Center. Engle, the only pe...

285

Some Home Tattoo Kits Recalled Due to Infection Risk  

MedlinePLUS

... on this page, please enable JavaScript. Some Home Tattoo Kits Recalled Due to Infection Risk FDA concerned ... 2014 Related MedlinePlus Pages Bacterial Infections Piercing and Tattoos THURSDAY, Aug. 7, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Inks in ...

286

Music-dependent memory in immediate and delayed word recall.  

PubMed

Undergraduate volunteers rated a series of words for pleasantness while hearing a particular background music. The subjects in Experiment 1 received, immediately or after a 48-h delay, an unexpected word-recall test in one of the following musical cue contexts: same cue (S), different cue (D), or no cue (N). For immediate recall, context dependency (S-D) was significant but same-cue facilitation (S-N) was not. No cue effects at all were found for delayed recall, and there was a significant interaction between cue and retention interval. A similar interaction was also found in Experiment 3, which was designed to rule out an alternative explanation with respect to distraction. When the different musical selection was changed specifically in either tempo or form (genre), only pieces having an altered tempo produced significantly lower immediate recall compared with the same pieces (Experiment 2). The results support a stimulus generalization view of music-dependent memory. PMID:1549062

Balch, W R; Bowman, K; Mohler, L

1992-01-01

287

21 CFR 7.50 - Public notification of recall.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...of recalls of certain drugs and devices where the agency determines that public notification may cause unnecessary and harmful anxiety in patients and that initial consultation between patients and their physicians is essential. The report will not include...

2012-04-01

288

21 CFR 7.50 - Public notification of recall.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...of recalls of certain drugs and devices where the agency determines that public notification may cause unnecessary and harmful anxiety in patients and that initial consultation between patients and their physicians is essential. The report will not include...

2013-04-01

289

21 CFR 7.50 - Public notification of recall.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...of recalls of certain drugs and devices where the agency determines that public notification may cause unnecessary and harmful anxiety in patients and that initial consultation between patients and their physicians is essential. The report will not include...

2010-04-01

290

21 CFR 7.50 - Public notification of recall.  

...of recalls of certain drugs and devices where the agency determines that public notification may cause unnecessary and harmful anxiety in patients and that initial consultation between patients and their physicians is essential. The report will not include...

2014-04-01

291

21 CFR 7.50 - Public notification of recall.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...of recalls of certain drugs and devices where the agency determines that public notification may cause unnecessary and harmful anxiety in patients and that initial consultation between patients and their physicians is essential. The report will not include...

2011-04-01

292

Attenuated sympathetic nerve responses after 24 hours of bed rest  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Bed rest reduces orthostatic tolerance. Despite decades of study, the cause of this phenomenon remains unclear. In this report we examined hemodynamic and sympathetic nerve responses to graded lower body negative pressure (LBNP) before and after 24 h of bed rest. LBNP allows for baroreceptor disengagement in a graded fashion. We measured heart rate (HR), cardiac output (HR x stroke volume obtained by echo Doppler), and muscle sympathetic nerve activity (MSNA) during a progressive and graded LBNP paradigm. Negative pressure was increased by 10 mmHg every 3 min until presyncope or completion of -60 mmHg. After bed rest, LBNP tolerance was reduced in 11 of 13 subjects (P <.023), HR was greater (P <.002), cardiac output was unchanged, and the ability to augment MSNA at high levels of LBNP was reduced (rate of rise for 30- to 60-mmHg LBNP before bed rest 0.073 bursts x min(-1) x mmHg(-1); after bed rest 0.035 bursts x min(-1) x mmHg(-1); P < 0.016). These findings suggest that 24 h of bed rest reduces sympathetic nerve responses to LBNP.

Khan, Mazhar H.; Kunselman, Allen R.; Leuenberger, Urs A.; Davidson, William R Jr; Ray, Chester A.; Gray, Kristen S.; Hogeman, Cynthia S.; Sinoway, Lawrence I.

2002-01-01

293

Rethinking the Youth Weight Debate: The 24 Hour Day  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Approaches to weight management have traditionally focussed on caloric intake versus caloric expenditure. Despite a range of interventions based on these approaches, the proportion of overweight children and adolescents continues to rise. There are increasing indications that other factors, such as sleep duration, may be at play. This commentary…

Dodd, Graham; Biggs, Sarah; Agley, Daniel; Dollman, James; Lushington, Kurt

2008-01-01

294

First 24 hours on the Internet - A marketing perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

Real environments govern by societal rules, law, culture and set of assumptions. And there are law enforcement and other agencies to monitor and record the acts and behaviors of its residents and to make sure everything goes by the book. This paper introduces a tool that counts the presence of a person in the virtual environment (on the Internet) and

Zeeshan-ul-hassan Usmani; Amina Tariq; Talal Puri

2009-01-01

295

Collection of a 24-Hour Urine Specimen (Beyond the Basics)  

MedlinePLUS

... need to urinate one hour before the final collection time, drink a full glass of water so that you can void again at the appropriate time. If you have to urinate 20 minutes before, try to hold the ... note the exact time of the final collection, even if it is not the same time ...

296

Are brain networks stable during a 24-hour period?  

PubMed

Despite the widespread view of the brain as a large complex network, the dynamicity of the brain network over the course of a day has yet to be explored. To investigate whether the spontaneous human brain network maintains long-term stability throughout a day, we evaluated the intra-class correlation coefficient (ICC) of results from an independent component analysis (ICA), seed correlation analysis, and graph-theoretical analysis of resting state functional MRI, acquired from 12 young adults at three-hour intervals over 24 consecutive hours. According to the ICC of the usage strength of the independent network component defined by the root mean square of the temporal weights of the network components, the default mode network centered at the posterior cingulate cortex and precuneus, the superior parietal, and secondary motor networks showed a high temporal stability throughout the day (ICC>0.5). However, high intra-individual dynamicity was observed in the default mode network, including the anterior cingulate cortex and medial prefrontal cortex or posterior-anterior cingulate cortex, the hippocampal network, and the parietal and temporal networks. Seed correlation analysis showed a highly stable (ICC>0.5) extent of functionally connected regions from the posterior cingulate cortex, but poor stability from the hippocampus throughout the day. Graph-theoretical analysis using local and global network efficiency suggested that local brain networks are temporally stable but that long-range integration behaves dynamically in the course of a day. These results imply that dynamic network properties are a nature of the resting state brain network, which remains to be further researched. PMID:21807101

Park, Bumhee; Kim, Joong Il; Lee, Dongha; Jeong, Seok-Oh; Lee, Jong Doo; Park, Hae-Jeong

2012-01-01

297

Validity of Maternal Birthweight Recall Among Colombian Children  

Microsoft Academic Search

Low birthweight and preterm birth are associated with adverse health outcomes later in life, but acquisition of accurate birthweight\\u000a information is not always feasible in large epidemiological studies. We examined the validity of child birthweight and gestational\\u000a age recall by mothers, and the extent to which recall bias affects associations between birthweight and childhood obesity\\u000a in children from Bogotá, Colombia.

Caroline E. Boeke; Constanza Marín; Henry Oliveros; Mercedes Mora-Plazas; Samantha Agudelo-Cañas; Eduardo Villamor

298

Music-dependent memory in immediate and delayed word recall  

Microsoft Academic Search

Undergraduate volunteers rated a series of words for pleasantness while hearing a particular background music. The subjects\\u000a in Experiment 1 received, immediately or after a 48-h delay, an unexpected word-recall test in one of the following musical\\u000a cue contexts:same cue (S),different cue (D), orno cue (N). For immediate recall, context dependency (S — D) was significant but same-cue facilitation (S

William R. Balch; Kelly Bowman; Lauri A. Mohler

1992-01-01

299

Radiation recall supraglottitis. A hazard in head and neck chemotherapy  

SciTech Connect

The enhanced effects of chemotherapy on previously irradiated tissue have been well demonstrated. When chemotherapy is given some time after irradiation and elicits a tissue reaction in the radiation field, the reaction is termed radiation recall. We review known interactions between chemotherapy and radiotherapy and report, to our knowledge, the first case of a supraglottitis radiation recall reaction. Familiarity with this phenomenon and potential complications of chemotherapy following head and neck irradiation may expedite early diagnosis and appropriate lifesaving treatment.

Wallenborn, P.A.; Postma, D.S.

1984-09-01

300

Recovery sleep after sleep deprivation almost completely abolishes dream recall.  

PubMed

The study investigated the effect of one night of sleep deprivation on dream recall at morning awakening after recovery sleep. Forty healthy subjects were studied after adaptation (A) and baseline nights (B), and a recovery (R) night following 40 h of prolonged wakefulness. Parallel to the well-known recovery sleep changes (slow-wave sleep--SWS--rebound, decreased number of awakenings and of REM sleep amount), an almost complete abolition of dream recall was found, with an around 75% decrease with respect to the adaptation and baseline nights. The number of dreams recalled by those subjects with successful recall (REC) did not significantly differ between nights. Moreover, gender and sleep stage at awakening did not affect either the proportion of REC subjects or the number of dreams recalled by REC subjects during each night. Finally, the drastic impairment of dream recall after R night was associated to a larger increase of SWS and a shorter REM sleep duration. We suggest that dream recall could have been impaired during R night because: (i) the lower number of spontaneous awakenings over the night reduced the contents available in memory as possible cues for the retrieval of dream experiences at morning; (ii) mental experiences, having been elaborated during SWS more than in the other nights, were less dreamlike (i.e., perceptually vivid and bizarre) and, thus less accessible at morning recall than those elaborated during the nights with a higher proportion of REM sleep; (iii) dream contents, as a peculiar type of episodic information, were less consolidated because of the lower effectiveness of declarative memory during recovery sleep. PMID:19788898

De Gennaro, Luigi; Marzano, Cristina; Moroni, Fabio; Curcio, Giuseppe; Ferrara, Michele; Cipolli, Carlo

2010-01-20

301

A randomized controlled trial to evaluate the effect of incorporating peanuts into an American Diabetes Association meal plan on the nutrient profile of the total diet and cardiometabolic parameters of adults with type 2 diabetes  

PubMed Central

Background According to the American Diabetes Association (ADA), the nutritional goals for patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D) are to achieve an optimal nutrient intake to achieve normoglycemia and a cardioprotective lipid profile. Peanuts are nutrient dense foods that contain high levels of monounsaturated fat (MUFA) and are a natural source of arginine, fiber, phytosterols, resveritrol, niacin, folate, vitamin E and magnesium, which have the potential for improving blood lipids and glycemic control. This study sought to evaluate the effect of a peanut enriched ADA meal plan on the nutrient profile of the total diet and cardiometabolic parameters in adults with T2D. Methods This was a randomized, prospective 24-week parallel-group clinical trial with 60 adults with T2D [age range 34–84 years; body mass index (BMI) range 17.2-48.7 kg/m2]. Subjects consumed an ADA meal plan containing ~20% of energy from peanuts (peanut group) or a peanut-free ADA meal plan (control group). Weight, BMI, waist circumference (WC) and nutrient intake from 24-hour recalls were measured every 4 weeks and fasting blood glucose (FBG), HbA1c and blood lipids were measured every 12 weeks. A mixed-model repeated-measures analysis of covariance was performed to assess the significance of changes in the cardiometabolic parameters. Results A higher polyunsaturated fat (PUFA) to saturated fat diet ratio and higher intake of MUFA, PUFA, ?-tocopherol, niacin and magnesium was observed in the peanut group as compared to the control group (P?diet and is compatible with weight management and improvement in specific blood lipids. Trial registration ClinicalTrials.gov NCT00937222 PMID:24450471

2014-01-01

302

Balanced Diet  

Microsoft Academic Search

any people seem to avoid certain types of foods for any number of reasons, oth- er people may be allergic to certain food types which in some cases may lead to deadly consequences. Even children are now placed on avoidance diets, for example no orange juice or Coca Cola as there is a risk that artificial col- ourings may send

Nicola Roberts

2009-01-01

303

Hominid Diet  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Between one and two million years ago, several different groups of ape-men roamed the plains of Africa. The only clues we have as to how they lived and evolved come from fossils they left behind. This Science Update tells us what some of those fossils reveal about the unusual diet of early hominids.

Science Update;

2001-09-30

304

Dino Diets  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this online interactive, learners match different dinosaurs to their food (plants or animals). Learners look for clues in the bodies, necks, teeth, and heads of the dinosaurs to make inferences about their diets. After making their selections, learners can read through short blurbs about each dinosaur, including information discovered by archaeologists and paleontologists.

Service, National P.

2013-05-15

305

Effects of language dominance on item and order memory in free recall, serial recall and order reconstruction.  

PubMed

Spanish-English bilinguals (N = 144) performed free recall, serial recall and order reconstruction tasks in both English and Spanish. Long-term memory for both item and order information was worse in the less fluent language (L2) than in the more fluent language (L1). Item scores exhibited a stronger disadvantage for the L2 in serial recall than in free recall. Relative order scores were lower in the L2 for all three tasks, but adjusted scores for free and serial recall were equivalent across languages. Performance of English-speaking monolinguals (N = 72) was comparable to bilingual performance in the L1, except that monolinguals had higher adjusted order scores in free recall. Bilingual performance patterns in the L2 were consistent with the established effects of concurrent task performance on these memory tests, suggesting that the cognitive resources required for processing words in the L2 encroach on resources needed to commit item and order information to memory. These findings are also consistent with a model in which item memory is connected to the language system, order information is processed by separate mechanisms and attention can be allocated differentially to these two systems. PMID:24303779

Francis, Wendy S; Baca, Yuzeth

2014-11-01

306

Intrusions in story recall: when over-learned information interferes with episodic memory recall. Evidence from Alzheimer's disease.  

PubMed

Patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD) suffer from distortions of memory. Among such distortions, intrusions in memory tests are frequently observed. In this study we describe the performance of a group of mild AD patients and a group of normal controls on the recall of three different types of stories: a previously unknown story, a well-known fairy-tale (Cinderella), and a modified well-known fairy-tale (Little Red Riding Hood is not eaten by the wolf). The aim of our study was to test the hypothesis that in patients who tend to produce intrusions, over-learned information interferes with episodic recall, i.e., the retrieval of specific, unique past episodes. AD patients produced significantly more intrusions in the recall of the modified fairy-tale compared to the recall of the two other stories. Intrusions in the recall of the modified fairy-tale always consisted of elements of the original version of the story. We suggest that in AD patients intrusions may be traced back to the interference of strongly represented, over-learned information in episodic memory recall. PMID:18387559

De Anna, Francesca; Attali, Eve; Freynet, Laurence; Foubert, Lucie; Laurent, Aurore; Dubois, Bruno; Dalla Barba, Gianfranco

2008-03-01

307

Maternal recall of birthweight and birth size in Entebbe, Uganda  

PubMed Central

Objectives To assess the reliability of maternally recalled birthweight and size in Entebbe, Uganda. Methods The study population comprised 404 mothers, who were participants in the Entebbe Mother and Baby Study (EMaBS). Mothers were recruited to EMaBS during antenatal care, maternal characteristics were recorded during pregnancy, and birthweight was recorded at delivery. Four to seven years after delivery, mothers were asked to recall the child’s birthweight and size. Their responses were compared with the birthweight recorded in the EMaBS database. Results Of 404 interviewed mothers, 303 (75%) were able to give an estimate of birthweight and for 265 of these EMaBS data on recorded birthweights were available. Women who were educated and whose children had low birth order were more likely to be able to give an estimate: 37 (14%) recalled the exact recorded birthweight; a further 52 (20%) were accurate to within 0.1 kg of the recorded weight. On average, mothers overestimated birthweight by 0.06 kg (95% CI: 0.00–0.13 kg, P = 0.04). Recalled and recorded birthweights showed moderate agreement with an intraclass correlation coefficient of 0.64. Four hundered mothers gave an estimate of birth size: the sensitivity and specificity of recalled birth size for classifying low birthweight were 76% (95% CI: 50–93%) and 70% (95% CI: 65–75%), respectively. Conclusions Mothers’ recall of birthweight was not precise but in absence of other data, recall of birthweight and size may have some value in epidemiological studies in these settings. PMID:22994260

Lule, Swaib A; Webb, Emily L; Ndibazza, Juliet; Nampijja, Margaret; Muhangi, Lawrence; Akello, Florence; Kakande, Muhammed; Kizindo, Robert; Elliott, Alison M

2012-01-01

308

21 CFR 107.230 - Elements of an infant formula recall.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...infant formula; and the effectiveness checks that will be made...The format of a recall communication shall be distinctive, and...content and extent of a recall communication shall be commensurate with...the recall. The recall communication shall instruct...

2012-04-01

309

Castleberry's: 2007 Botulism Recall; A Case Study by The Food Industry Center  

Microsoft Academic Search

This case summarizes the available information on the 2007 Castleberry’s recall and food recalls in general, and raises questions prompted by a recall of this magnitude. A massive, nationwide recall of Castleberry’s canned food due to botulism in the summer of 2007 illustrates the complexity of the food industry. Product from a single production line at a single plant, packed

Jonathan M. Seltzer; Jeff Rush; Jean D. Kinsey

2008-01-01

310

Does the Circadian Modulation of Dream Recall Modify with Age?  

PubMed Central

Study objectives: The ultradian NREM-REM sleep cycle and the circadian modulation of REM sleep sum to generate dreaming. Here we investigated age-related changes in dream recall, number of dreams, and emotional domain characteristics of dreaming during both NREM and REM sleep. Design: Analysis of dream recall and sleep EEG (NREM/REM sleep) during a 40-h multiple nap protocol (150 min of wakefulness and 75 min of sleep) under constant routine conditions. Setting: Centre for Chronobiology, Psychiatric Hospital of the University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland. Participants: Seventeen young (20-31 years) and 15 older (57-74 years) healthy volunteers Interventions: N/A. Measurements and Results: Dream recall and number of dreams varied significantly across the circadian cycle and between age groups, with older subjects exhibiting fewer dreams (P < 0.05), particularly after naps scheduled during the biological day, closely associated with the circadian rhythm of REM sleep. No significant age differences were observed for the emotional domain of dream content. Conclusions: Since aging was associated with attenuated amplitude in the circadian modulation of REM sleep, our data suggest that the age-related decrease in dream recall can result from an attenuated circadian modulation of REM sleep. Citation: Chellappa SL; Möunch M; Blatter K; Knoblauch V; Cajochen C. Does the circadian modulation of dream recall modify with age? SLEEP 2009;32(9):1201-1209. PMID:19750925

Chellappa, Sarah Laxhmi; Münch, Mirjam; Blatter, Katharina; Knoblauch, Vera; Cajochen, Christian

2009-01-01

311

HIV Risk Behavior Self-Report Reliability at Different Recall Periods  

Microsoft Academic Search

Few studies have investigated the optimal length of recall period for self-report of sex and drug-use behaviors. This meta-analysis\\u000a of 28 studies examined the test-retest reliability of three commonly used recall periods: 1, 3, and 6 months. All three recall\\u000a periods demonstrated acceptable test-retest reliability, with the exception of recall of needle sharing behaviors and 6-months\\u000a recall of some sex behaviors.

Lucy E. Napper; Dennis G. Fisher; Grace L. Reynolds; Mark E. Johnson

2010-01-01

312

The Effects of Stimulant Medication on Free Recall of Story Events among Children with ADHD  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigated group differences in the recalls of stories by children with attention-deficit\\/hyperactivity disorder\\u000a (ADHD) and comparison peers, and whether stimulant medication improved the story recall of those children with ADHD relative\\u000a to a placebo condition. Children (N?=?42) were asked to recall both televised and audio taped stories. Children’s free recall scripts were assessed whether information\\u000a recalled was coherent,

Ursula L. Bailey; Karen J. Derefinko; Richard Milich; Elizabeth P. Lorch; Amanda Metze

2011-01-01

313

Memory recall and modifications by activating neurons with elevated CREB.  

PubMed

Memory is supported by a specific ensemble of neurons distributed in the brain that form a unique memory trace. We previously showed that neurons in the lateral amygdala expressing elevated levels of cAMP response-element binding protein are preferentially recruited into fear memory traces and are necessary for the expression of those memories. However, it is unknown whether artificially activating just these selected neurons in the absence of behavioral cues is sufficient to recall that fear memory. Using an ectopic rat vanilloid receptor TRPV1 and capsaicin system, we found that activating this specific ensemble of neurons was sufficient to recall established fear memory. Furthermore, this neuronal activation induced a reconsolidation-like reorganization process, or strengthening of the fear memory. Thus, our findings establish a direct link between the activation of specific ensemble of neurons in the lateral amygdala and the recall of fear memory and its subsequent modifications. PMID:24212670

Kim, Jieun; Kwon, Jeong-Tae; Kim, Hyung-Su; Josselyn, Sheena A; Han, Jin-Hee

2014-01-01

314

To what extent do interactive pictures promote recall?  

PubMed

In four experiments, a total of 352 subjects viewed word pairs alone or accompanied by pictures, after which they were given a cued-recall test. Although Exps. 1 and 2 showed that recall of brand names was similar with separate and with interactive pictures, it was argued that the latter provided a cue enabling subjects to combine the separate components mentally. In Exp. 3, recall of both low concrete nouns and brand names was enhanced with interactive pictures and the effect was replicated in Exp. 4 with subjects who were learning English. These results offer hope to advertisers who wish to use interactive pictures whose relationship to their names is indirect. PMID:1408628

McKelvie, S J; Cooper, D; Monfette, P

1992-10-01

315

Temporal-contextual processing in working memory: evidence from delayed cued recall and delayed free recall tests.  

PubMed

Three experiments are reported that addressed the nature of processing in working memory by investigating patterns of delayed cued recall and free recall of items initially studied during complex and simple span tasks. In Experiment 1, items initially studied during a complex span task (i.e., operation span) were more likely to be recalled after a delay in response to temporal-contextual cues, relative to items from subspan and supraspan list lengths in a simple span task (i.e., word span). In Experiment 2, items initially studied during operation span were more likely to be recalled from neighboring serial positions during delayed free recall than were items studied during word span trials. Experiment 3 demonstrated that the number of attentional refreshing opportunities strongly predicts episodic memory performance, regardless of whether the information is presented in a spaced or massed format in a modified operation span task. The results indicate that the content-context bindings created during complex span trials reflect attentional refreshing opportunities that are used to maintain items in working memory. PMID:21948350

Loaiza, Vanessa M; McCabe, David P

2012-02-01

316

Brain representations for acquiring and recalling visual-motor adaptations.  

PubMed

Humans readily learn and remember new motor skills, a process that likely underlies adaptation to changing environments. During adaptation, the brain develops new sensory-motor relationships, and if consolidation occurs, a memory of the adaptation can be retained for extended periods. Considerable evidence exists that multiple brain circuits participate in acquiring new sensory-motor memories, though the networks engaged in recalling these and whether the same brain circuits participate in their formation and recall have less clarity. To address these issues, we assessed brain activation with functional MRI while young healthy adults learned and recalled new sensory-motor skills by adapting to world-view rotations of visual feedback that guided hand movements. We found cerebellar activation related to adaptation rate, likely reflecting changes related to overall adjustments to the visual rotation. A set of parietal and frontal regions, including inferior and superior parietal lobules, premotor area, supplementary motor area and primary somatosensory cortex, exhibited non-linear learning-related activation that peaked in the middle of the adaptation phase. Activation in some of these areas, including the inferior parietal lobule, intra-parietal sulcus and somatosensory cortex, likely reflected actual learning, since the activation correlated with learning after-effects. Lastly, we identified several structures having recall-related activation, including the anterior cingulate and the posterior putamen, since the activation correlated with recall efficacy. These findings demonstrate dynamic aspects of brain activation patterns related to formation and recall of a sensory-motor skill, such that non-overlapping brain regions participate in distinctive behavioral events. PMID:25019676

Bédard, Patrick; Sanes, Jerome N

2014-11-01

317

Improving basic multiplication fact recall for primary school students  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This study implemented a multiplication program based on systematic practice, aimed at improving children's recall of basic multiplication facts. Four Year 5 classes were recruited to participate in the study. Two classes practised multiplication facts using pencil and paper worksheets and another two classes practised on computers. Eleven practice sessions (each of 15 minutes duration) were conducted over a four week period. Both groups increased their recall of basic multiplication facts and maintained the increase for at least 4 weeks after the termination of the program. Implications for mathematics instruction, and for the overall development of mathematical proficiency, are discussed.

Wong, Monica; Evans, David

2007-06-01

318

Ankylosing Spondylitis: Diet and Nutrition  

MedlinePLUS

Diet & Nutrition: Quick Links Overview of Diet & Spondylitis >>> Medication & Diet >>> Dietary Supplements >>> Changing Your Diet >>> The London AS / Low Starch Diet >>> Back To The About Spondylitis Main Page >>> DIET & ...

319

Diet Light  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this quick activity, learners observe how the added sugar in a can of soda affects its density and thus, its ability to float in water. Learners explore this phenomenon by testing if two cans of soda (one regular, one diet or "sugar-free") float in a fish-tank filled with water. Use this activity to introduce learners to the concepts of density and water displacement. This resource also explains how atmospheric density plays a role in meteorology and includes thunderstorm safety tips.

Service, National W.

2012-06-26

320

Blurring of emotional and non-emotional memories by taxing working memory during recall.  

PubMed

Memories that are recalled while working memory (WM) is taxed, e.g., by making eye movements (EM), become blurred during the recall + EM and later recall, without EM. This may help to explain the effects of Eye Movement and Desensitisation and Reprocessing (EMDR) in the treatment of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in which patients make EM during trauma recall. Earlier experimental studies on recall + EM have focused on emotional memories. WM theory suggests that recall + EM is superior to recall only but is silent about effects of memory emotionality. Based on the emotion and memory literature, we examined whether recall + EM has superior effects in blurring emotional memories relative to neutral memories. Healthy volunteers recalled negative or neutral memories, matched for vividness, while visually tracking a dot that moved horizontally ("recall + EM") or remained stationary ("recall only"). Compared to a pre-test, a post-test (without concentrating on the dot) replicated earlier findings: negative memories are rated as less vivid after "recall + EM" but not after "recall only". This was not found for neutral memories. Emotional memories are more taxing than neutral memories, which may explain the findings. Alternatively, transient arousal induced by recall of aversive memories may promote reconsolidation of the blurred memory image that is provoked by EM. PMID:24199660

van den Hout, Marcel A; Eidhof, Marloes B; Verboom, Jesse; Littel, Marianne; Engelhard, Iris M

2014-01-01

321

On EMDR: eye movements during retrieval reduce subjective vividness and objective memory accessibility during future recall.  

PubMed

In eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR), a treatment for post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), patients make eye movements (EM) during trauma recall. Earlier experimental studies found that EM during recall reduces memory vividness during future recalls, and this was taken as laboratory support for the underlying mechanism of EMDR. However, reduced vividness was assessed with self-reports that may be affected by demand characteristics. We tested whether recall+EM also reduces memory vividness on a behavioural reaction time (RT) task. Undergraduates (N=32) encoded two pictures, recalled them, and rated their vividness. In the EM group, one of the pictures was recalled again while making EM. In the no-EM group one of the pictures was recalled without EM. Then fragments from both the recalled and non-recalled pictures, and new fragments were presented and participants rated whether these were (or were not) seen before. Both pictures were rated again for vividness. In the EM group, self-rated vividness of the recalled+EM picture decreased, relative to the non-recalled picture. In the no-EM group there was no difference between the recalled versus non-recalled picture. The RT task showed the same pattern. Reduction of memory vividness due to recall+EM is also evident from non-self-report data. PMID:22765837

van den Hout, Marcel A; Bartelski, Nicola; Engelhard, Iris M

2013-01-01

322

Eating at America's Table Study  

Cancer.gov

Food frequency questionnaires, which measure a person's usual intake over a defined period of time, and 24-hour recalls, in which a person records everything eaten or drunk during the previous 24 hours, are commonly used to collect dietary information. Short screeners, which include just a few questions about consumption of selected items, can be useful in situations that don't require assessment of the total diet or when resources are limited.

323

Mediterranean diet and cardiovascular diseases in an Israeli population  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background. Israel is in the Mediterranean basin, but its population immigrated mostly from Europe, Asia, and Africa. We surveyed the adherence of the Israeli Jewish population to Mediterranean Diet (MD) and its association with cardiovascular disease.Methods. We studied a random sample of Jewish adults, aged 35+ using a 24-h recall questionnaire. A MD score (scale 0–8) was computed reflecting high

Natalya Bilenko; Drora Fraser; Hillel Vardi; Iris Shai; Danit R. Shahar

2005-01-01

324

Precision and Recall Without Ground Truth Bart Lamiroy  

E-print Network

Precision and Recall Without Ground Truth Bart Lamiroy Nancy Universit´e ­ INPL ­ LORIA Nancy, France Bart.Lamiroy@loria.fr Tao Sun Lehigh University Computer Science and Engineering Bethlehem, PA PrRc 2Pr + Rc (3) Bart Lamiroy was a visiting scientist at Lehigh University in 2010-2011. This work

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

325

21 CFR 810.13 - Mandatory recall order.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... 810.13 Section 810.13 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT...order, or, if the Commissioner of Food and Drugs or the presiding...the recall is to extend to the wholesale, retail, or user level;...

2013-04-01

326

21 CFR 810.13 - Mandatory recall order.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... 810.13 Section 810.13 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT...order, or, if the Commissioner of Food and Drugs or the presiding...the recall is to extend to the wholesale, retail, or user level;...

2012-04-01

327

21 CFR 810.13 - Mandatory recall order.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... 810.13 Section 810.13 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT...order, or, if the Commissioner of Food and Drugs or the presiding...the recall is to extend to the wholesale, retail, or user level;...

2011-04-01

328

Transparency and Recall of Symbols among Intellectually Handicapped Adults.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The investigation examined the transparency and recall of symbols representing three parts of speech (nouns, verbs, and descriptors) from three different graphic symbol systems (Blissymbols, Picture Communication System, and Picsyms) among adults with intellectual handicaps. Results suggested that Blissymbols were the least transparent and hardest…

Mizuko, Mark; Reichle, Joe

1989-01-01

329

Retrospective Spiritual Narratives: Exploring Recalled Childhood and Adolescent Spiritual Experiences  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper draws on a collection of retrospective narratives of childhood and adolescent spiritual experiences to explore the qualities and characteristics of the spirituality of the young. They recall a range of spiritual experiences that touch on death, mortality, visions, and perceptions and connections beyond the self. Their experiences…

Scott, Daniel G.

2004-01-01

330

Recall bias in the assessment of exposure to mobile phones  

Microsoft Academic Search

Most studies of mobile phone use are case–control studies that rely on participants’ reports of past phone use for their exposure assessment. Differential errors in recalled phone use are a major concern in such studies. INTERPHONE, a multinational case–control study of brain tumour risk and mobile phone use, included validation studies to quantify such errors and evaluate the potential for

Martine Vrijheid; Bruce K Armstrong; Daniel Bédard; Julianne Brown; Isabelle Deltour; Ivano Iavarone; Daniel Krewski; Susanna Lagorio; Stephen Moore; Lesley Richardson; Graham G Giles; Mary Mcbride; Marie-Elise Parent; Jack Siemiatycki; Elisabeth Cardis

2009-01-01

331

Induced Recall of Jane Austen's Novels: Films, Television, Videos.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Notes that the popularity of Jane Austen adaptations in theaters, television, and videos increases the probability that patients and therapists may recall these movies in treatment. Underscores excerpts from a comparison of an Austen novel with the psychoanalytic process and highlights available film adaptations in video format. (SC)

Diaz de Chumaceiro, Cora L.

2000-01-01

332

Affective valence of words impacts recall from auditory working memory  

Microsoft Academic Search

There is limited evidence on the influence of affective stimuli on auditory working memory. The reported study investigated whether emotional auditory words interfere with ongoing auditory processing of words in auditory working memory. On each trial, words with negative, neutral, and positive affective valence were simultaneously presented on three different speakers. Participants recalled the word presented from the centre speaker

Fumiko Gotoh

2012-01-01

333

Affective valence of words impacts recall from auditory working memory  

Microsoft Academic Search

There is limited evidence on the influence of affective stimuli on auditory working memory. The reported study investigated whether emotional auditory words interfere with ongoing auditory processing of words in auditory working memory. On each trial, words with negative, neutral, and positive affective valence were simultaneously presented on three different speakers. Participants recalled the word presented from the centre speaker

Fumiko Gotoh

2011-01-01

334

Shared Encoding and the Costs and Benefits of Collaborative Recall  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We often remember in the company of others. In particular, we routinely collaborate with friends, family, or colleagues to remember shared experiences. But surprisingly, in the experimental collaborative recall paradigm, collaborative groups remember less than their potential, an effect termed "collaborative inhibition". Rajaram and…

Harris, Celia B.; Barnier, Amanda J.; Sutton, John

2013-01-01

335

The Effect of Concurrent Semantic Categorization on Delayed Serial Recall  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The influence of semantic processing on the serial ordering of items in short-term memory was explored using a novel dual-task paradigm. Participants engaged in 2 picture-judgment tasks while simultaneously performing delayed serial recall. List material varied in the presence of phonological overlap (Experiments 1 and 2) and in semantic content…

Acheson, Daniel J.; MacDonald, Maryellen C.; Postle, Bradley R.

2011-01-01

336

Sign recall by hearing signers: Evidences of dual coding  

Microsoft Academic Search

Deaf participants' sign recall is affected by sign similarity, sign length, irrelevant signing and manual articulatory suppression, suggesting the existence of a phonological loop for signs. In two experiments we explore whether hearing signers (who have learned Spanish Sign Language as second language) use a phonological loop for signs, whether they use their phonological loop for words or whether they

Javier García-Orza; Patricia Carratalá

2012-01-01

337

On Recall Rate of Interest Point Detectors Henrik Aans  

E-print Network

- dustrial robot arm. The scene surfaces have been scanned using structured light, providing precise 3D in relation to the number of interest points, the recall rate as a function of camera position and light variation, and the sensitivity relative to model parameter change. The overall conclusion is that the Harris

338

A Practical Use of Imperfect Recall Kevin Waugh, Martin Zinkevich  

E-print Network

behaviour can arise in certain games of imper- fect recall. In this paper, we examine the computational@yahoo-inc.com Department of Computing Science Yahoo! Research 2-21 Athabasca Hall 2821 Mission College Blvd. University observe the negative impact this relaxation has on algorithms: some algorithms are no longer well

Bowling, Michael

339

A Practical Use of Imperfect Recall Kevin Waugh, Martin Zinkevich  

E-print Network

in certain games of imperfect recall. In this paper, we examine the computational, rather than philosophical petabytes of disk space to even store a strategy. To compute ef- fective strategies in games of this size@yahoo-inc.com Department of Computing Science Yahoo! Research 2-21 Athabasca Hall 2821 Mission College Blvd. University

Gordon, Geoffrey J.

340

False recall and recognition of brand names increases over time.  

PubMed

Using the Deese-Roediger-McDermott (DRM) paradigm, participants are presented with lists of associated words (e.g., bed, awake, night). Subsequently, they reliably have false memories for related but nonpresented words (e.g., SLEEP). Previous research has found that false memories can be created for brand names (e.g., Morrisons, Sainsbury's, Waitrose, and TESCO). The present study investigates the effect of a week's delay on false memories for brand names. Participants were presented with lists of brand names followed by a distractor task. In two between-subjects experiments, participants completed a free recall task or a recognition task either immediately or a week later. In two within-subjects experiments, participants completed a free recall task or a recognition task both immediately and a week later. Correct recall for presented list items decreased over time, whereas false recall for nonpresented lure items increased. For recognition, raw scores revealed an increase in false memory across time reflected in an increase in Remember responses. Analysis of Pr scores revealed that false memory for lures stayed constant over a week, but with an increase in Remember responses in the between-subjects experiment and a trend in the same direction in the within-subjects experiment. Implications for theories of false memory are discussed. PMID:22963741

Sherman, Susan M

2013-01-01

341

Color preference and familiarity in performance on brand logo recall.  

PubMed

Two experiments assessed effects of color preference and brand-logo familiarity on recall performance. Exp. 1 explored the color preferences, using a forced-choice technique, of 189 women and 63 men, Taiwanese college students ages 18 to 20 years (M = 19.4, SD = 1.5). The sequence of the three most preferred colors was white, light blue, and black and of the three least preferred colors was light orange, dark violet, and dark brown. Exp. 2 investigated the effects of color preference based on the results of Exp. 1 and brand-logo familiarity on recall. A total of 27 women and 21 men, Taiwanese college students ages 18 to 20 years (M = 19.2, SD = 1.2) participated. They memorized a list of 24 logos (four logos shown in six colors) and then performed sequential recall. Analyses showed color preference significantly affected recall accuracy. Accuracy for high color preference was significantly greater than that for low preferences. Results showed no significant effects of brand-logo familiarity or sex on accuracy. In addition, the interactive effect of color preference and brand-logo familiarity on accuracy was significant. These results have implications for the design of brand logos to create and sustain memory of brand images. PMID:19093619

Huang, Kuo-Chen; Lin, Chin-Chiuan; Chiang, Shu-Ying

2008-10-01

342

Total Recall: A Debugging Framework Ahmad Sharif and Hsien  

E-print Network

Studio by MS · Too slow for big/complex shaders · Shadesmith by Purcell et al · Relational Debugging Recall Goals II ·Debug multipass in a unified fashion · Ex: Env/Shadow Maps, Deferred shading, etc Goals II Debug multipass in a unified fashion Ex: Env/Shadow Maps, Deferred shading, etc. Current

Lee, Hsien-Hsin "Sean"

343

Interpersonal Process Recall as a Classroom Management Technique  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

It appears that the Interpersonal Process Recall (IPR) method might have some usefulness as a classroom management technique under some conditions. More work needs to be done to explore the nature of the conditions under which IPR is most valuable. (Author)

Dowd, E. Thomas

1977-01-01

344

A New Twist on IPR: Concurrent Recall by Supervisory Group  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses IPR as a method of counselor training in which a critique is given immediately after an interview between the counselor and client by a "recaller" or "interrogator". Evaluation is subtlely executed through a review of a videotape of the training session. (PC)

Gimmestad, Michael J.; Greenwood, Janet D.

1974-01-01

345

Stimulated Recall and Affect Simulation in Counseling: Client Growth Reexamined  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To study the influence of affect simulation and Interpersonal Process Recall (IPR) techniques on client growth in personal counseling, an integrated affect-simulation/IPR treatment for college student clients was compared with a traditional treatment. Participants in the IPR/affect-simulation treatment did not score significantly higher or lower…

Van Noord, Robert W.; Kagan, Norman

1976-01-01

346

A Modified Interpersonal Process Recall Technique as a Training Model  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The use of a modified form of the Interpersonal Process Recall (IPR) technique was studied as an influence on the counseling dimensions of level of regard, empathic understanding, unconditionality of regard, and congruence. Analysis of covariance revealed no significant differences between groups on each of the four variables. (Author)

Bradley, Fred O.

1974-01-01

347

Assessing Students' Mathematical Thinking through Interpersonal Process Recall.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Interpersonal Process Recall (IPR) is a technique in which audiotapes are used to evoke students' memories concerning their own thinking. Reports a study using IPR to probe elementary students' (n=17) thinking during a problem-solving situation. Concluded that IPR has potential in classroom research. (MDH)

Usnick, Virginia E.; Brown, Sue

1992-01-01

348

Gender Differences in the Recall of Performance Feedback.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study tested whether gender differences in recall of performance feedback exist. Participants were 88 female and 68 male undergraduate students enrolled in introductory psychology courses at the University of Wisconsin-Parkside. They were presented with eight comments each (evaluative feedback) for both an English paper and a computer…

Beyer, Sylvia; Langenfeld, Kelly

349

Musculoskeletal allograft risks and recalls in the United States.  

PubMed

There have been several improvements to the US tissue banking industry over the past decade. Tissue banks had limited active government regulation until 1993, at which time the US Food and Drug Administration began regulatory oversight because of reports of disease transmission from allograft tissues. Reports in recent years of disease transmission associated with the use of allografts have further raised concerns about the safety of such implants. A retrospective review of allograft recall data was performed to analyze allograft recall by tissue type, reason, and year during the period from January 1994 to June 30, 2007. During the study period, more than 96.5% of all allograft tissues recalled were musculoskeletal. The reasons underlying recent musculoskeletal tissue recalls include insufficient or improper donor evaluation, contamination, recipient infection, and positive serologic tests. Infectious disease transmission following allograft implantation may occur if potential donors are not adequately evaluated or screened serologically during the prerecovery phase and if the implant is not sterilized before implantation. PMID:18832599

Mroz, Thomas E; Joyce, Michael J; Steinmetz, Michael P; Lieberman, Isador H; Wang, Jeffrey C

2008-10-01

350

Explicit Intraoperative Recall at a Bispectral Index of 47  

Microsoft Academic Search

he Bispectral Index (BIS) has become widely ac- cepted as a measurement of hypnosis under an- esthesia. It is derived from a processed electro- encephalogram and computer algorithm that assigns a numerical value based on the probability of conscious- ness. Values ,60 correlate with a low probability of consciousness (1). We report a case wherein a patient experienced explicit recall

George Mychaskiw; Marc Horowitz; Vishal Sachdev; Bobby J. Heath

2001-01-01

351

Communicating with older cancer patients: impact on information recall  

Microsoft Academic Search

The central aim of this thesis was to unravel the relationship between patient characteristics, communication between patient and clinician, and subsequent patient information recall in the context of medical consultations with older cancer patients. Chapter 2 reviewed the literature to explore age differences in cancer patients’ need for information and support surrounding cancer treatment. The results indicated that older patients

J. Jansen

2009-01-01

352

Content Schemata, Linguistic Simplification, and EFL Readers' Comprehension and Recall  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated the effects of linguistic simplification and content schemata on reading comprehension and recall. The participants, 240 Iranian male students of English as a foreign language (EFL), were divided into 4 homogeneous groups, each consisting of 60 participants (30 with high proficiency and 30 with low proficiency). To elicit…

Keshavarz, Mohammad Hossein; Atai, Mahmoud Reza; Ahmadi, Hossein

2007-01-01

353

Semantic technologies improving the recall and precision of the  

E-print Network

Climate-Land Surface Model FLUXNET Coupled Climate-Land Surface- Hydrology Model Forest Biomass Forest Biomass IPCC Report Line Pouchard, pouchardlc@ornl.gov #12;Current data discovery system - Each dataset improve Recall for ORNL DAAC? Full Text search: Biomass OR Humus 192 Biomass 187 Humus 5 Humus is a type

Pouchard, Line

354

Phonological Similarity in Serial Recall: Constraints on Theories of Memory  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In short-term serial recall, similar-sounding items are remembered more poorly than items that do not sound alike. When lists mix similar and dissimilar items, performance on the dissimilar items is of considerable theoretical interest. Farrell and Lewandowsky [Farrell, S., & Lewandowsky, S. (2003). Dissimilar items benefit from phonological…

Lewandowsky, Stephan; Farrell, Simon

2008-01-01

355

The Endurance of Children's Working Memory: A Recall Time Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We analyze the timing of recall as a source of information about children's performance in complex working memory tasks. A group of 8-year-olds performed a traditional operation span task in which sequence length increased across trials and an operation period task in which processing requirements were extended across trials of constant sequence…

Towse, John N.; Hitch, Graham J.; Hamilton, Z.; Pirrie, Sarah

2008-01-01

356

The Impact of Formal Schemata on L3 Reading Recall  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Rhetorical structure refers to a complex network of relationships and the way the underlying ideas are organized within a text. This study was conducted to see whether explicit instruction of descriptive and causative text organization positively affected L3 reading recall. 240 Turkish students of EFL who had Persian as their second language were…

Salmani Nodoushan, Mohammad Ali

2010-01-01

357

Collaborative recall in face-to-face and electronic groups  

Microsoft Academic Search

When people remember shared experiences, the amount they recall as a collaborating group is less than the amount obtained by pooling their individual memories. We tested the hypothesis that reduced group productivity can be attributed, at least in part, to content filtering, where information is omitted from group products either because individuals fail to retrieve it or choose to withhold

Justina Ohaeri Ekeocha; Susan E. Brennan

2008-01-01

358

Recovery sleep after sleep deprivation almost completely abolishes dream recall  

Microsoft Academic Search

The study investigated the effect of one night of sleep deprivation on dream recall at morning awakening after recovery sleep. Forty healthy subjects were studied after adaptation (A) and baseline nights (B), and a recovery (R) night following 40h of prolonged wakefulness. Parallel to the well-known recovery sleep changes (slow-wave sleep – SWS – rebound, decreased number of awakenings and

Luigi De Gennaro; Cristina Marzano; Fabio Moroni; Giuseppe Curcio; Michele Ferrara; Carlo Cipolli

2010-01-01

359

Relaxed Precision and Recall for Ontology Matching Institute AIFB  

E-print Network

Relaxed Precision and Recall for Ontology Matching Marc Ehrig Institute AIFB University'Europe. Monbonnot, France Jerome.Euzenat@inrialpes.fr ABSTRACT In order to evaluate the performance of ontology- ligence]: Knowledge Representation Formalisms and Meth- ods; D.2.8 [Software Engineering]: Metrics General

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

360

The Impact of Interactive Storybook on Elementary School Students' Recall  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated the effectiveness of animated interactive storybook on elementary school students' recall. This experiment utilized 77 fourth grade students in three groups. Each student was randomly assigned with one of the three conditions: (1) computer presentation of interactive storybooks with animation; (2) computer presentation of…

Seyit, Ertem Ihsan

2011-01-01

361

Effects of spacing and spacing patterns in free recall  

Microsoft Academic Search

Examined the effects on free recall of presenting words twice with different numbers of intervening items (spacings) and 3 times with different amounts and patterns of spacing. Ss were 120 undergraduates. Over all conditions and with position of last occurrence held constant, the beneficial effect of spacing increased with spacing (defined for each pair of repetitions rather than averaged) up

Paul W. Foos; Kirk H. Smith

1974-01-01

362

Americans with diet-related chronic diseases report higher diet quality than those without these diseases.  

PubMed

Large health disparities exist in the U.S. across ethnic and socioeconomic status groups. Using nationally representative data, we tested whether American patients with diet-related chronic diseases had higher diet quality than nonpatients. We also tested whether nutrition knowledge and beliefs (NKB) and food label (FL) use were associated with the observed differences. The 1994-1996 Continuing Survey of Food Intake by Individuals, and the Diet and Health Knowledge Survey were examined for 4356 U.S. adults. Dietary intakes were assessed using 2 nonconsecutive 24-h recalls and diet quality was assessed by using the USDA 2005 Healthy Eating Index (HEI). Patients' mean HEI was higher than that of nonpatients (mean ± SE: 53.6 ± 0.5 vs. 51.8 ± 0.4; P < 0.001). Among patients, blacks were 92% more likely to report low diet quality (HEI < 20th percentile) than whites. The positive association between chronic diseases and HEI was observed only for patients with good NKB [OR = 1.80 (95% CI = 1.34, 2.43)]. The diabetes-HEI association was stronger among FL users [OR = 2.24 (95% CI = 1.08, 4.63)] than non-FL users [OR = 1.33 (95% CI = 0.65, 2.73)]. Hypertensive patients' and nonpatients' diet quality did not significantly differ; linear regression models showed no difference in their HEI (? ± SE: 0.6 ± 0.6; P > 0.05) or sodium intake (-18.6 ± 91.4 g/d; P > 0.05) between them. In conclusion, U.S. adults with diet-related chronic diseases reported somewhat higher diet quality than nonpatients, especially among those patients with good NKB and use of FL. Efforts are needed to promote healthy eating among Americans with diet-related chronic diseases; nutrition education and promotion of FL use may help. PMID:21697303

Chen, Xiaoli; Cheskin, Lawrence J; Shi, Leiyu; Wang, Youfa

2011-08-01

363

IPR--INTERPERSONAL PROCESS RECALL, STIMULATED RECALL BY VIDEOTAPE IN EXPLORATORY STUDIES OF COUNSELING AND TEACHING-LEARNING.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

THE DEVELOPMENT AND TRYOUT OF AN INTERPERSONAL PROCESS RECALL (IPR) TECHNIQUE FOR PROBING MORE DEEPLY INTO MAN'S THOUGHTS AND FEELINGS AS HE INTERACTS WITH OTHERS WAS THE PURPOSE OF THE STUDY. THE IPR TECHNIQUE INVOLVES THE VIDEOTAPING OF AN INTERACTION, USUALLY INVOLVING TWO PERSONS, IN A SPECIALLY DESIGNED STUDIO. THE VIDEOTAPE IS THEN REPLAYED…

KAGAN, NORMAN; AND OTHERS

364

Diet in the Aetiology of Ulcerative Colitis: A European Prospective Cohort Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background\\/Aims: The causes of ulcerative colitis are unknown, although it is plausible that dietary factors are involved. Case-control studies of diet and ulcerative colitis are subject to recall biases. The aim of this study was to examine the prospective relationship between the intake of nutrients and the development of ulcerative colitis in a cohort study. Methods: The study population was

Andrew R. Hart; Robert Luben; Anja Olsen; Anne Tjonneland; Jakob Linseisen; Gabriele Nagel; Göran Berglund; Stefan Lindgren; Olof Grip; Timothy Key; Paul Appleby; Manuela M. Bergmann; Heiner Boeing; Göran Hallmans; Åke Danielsson; Richard Palmqvist; Hubert Sjodin; Gun Hägglund; Kim Overvad; Domenico Palli; Giovanna Masala; Elio Riboli; Hugh Kennedy; Ailsa Welch; Kay-Tee Khaw; Nicholas Day; Sheila Bingham

2008-01-01

365

A Prospective Study of Stomach Cancer and Its Relation to Diet, Cigarettes, and Alcohol Consumption1  

Microsoft Academic Search

From 1965 to 1968 in Hawaii, 7990 American men of Japanese ancestry were interviewed and examined in a cohort study. The intake of 20 separate foods in a food frequency questionnaire and the intake of carbohydrate and other nutrients, based on a 24-h diet recall history, were recorded. Since then, 150 incident cases of stomach cancer have been identified. Although

Abraham Nomura; John S. Grove; Grant N. Stemmermann; Richard K. Severson

1990-01-01

366

76 FR 53478 - Food Safety Modernization Act Domestic and Foreign Facility Reinspections, Recall, and Importer...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Recall, and Importer Reinspection User Fee Rates for Fiscal Year 2012; Correction AGENCY...document announced the fiscal year 2012 fee rates for certain domestic and foreign facility reinspections, failure to comply with a recall order, and...

2011-08-26

367

16 CFR 1630.81 - Policy on recall of noncomplying carpets and rugs.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Policy on recall of noncomplying carpets and rugs. 1630...CARPETS AND RUGS (FF 1-70) Interpretations and Policies § 1630.81 Policy on recall of noncomplying carpets and rugs....

2010-01-01

368

16 CFR 1630.81 - Policy on recall of noncomplying carpets and rugs.  

... 2 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Policy on recall of noncomplying carpets and rugs. 1630...CARPETS AND RUGS (FF 1-70) Interpretations and Policies § 1630.81 Policy on recall of noncomplying carpets and rugs....

2014-01-01

369

A Note on the Level of Recall, Level of Processing, and Imagery Hypotheses of Hypermnesia.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews empirical evidence which suggests that level of recall does not determine hypermnesia (increased recall with repeated testing). Discusses the problem of deciding between a levels-of-processing and an imagery hypothesis of hypermnesia. (EKN)

Erdelyi, Matthew

1982-01-01

370

Moringa oleifera Supplemented Diets Prevented Nickel-Induced Nephrotoxicity in Wistar Rats.  

PubMed

Background. The Moringa oleifera plant has been implicated for several therapeutic potentials. Objective. To evaluate whether addition of M. oleifera to diet has protective effect against nickel-induced nephrotoxicity in rats. Methodology. Male Wistar rats were assigned into six groups of five. The rats were given oral exposure to 20?mg/kg nickel sulphate (NiSO4) in normal saline and sustained on either normal diet or diets supplemented with Moringa oleifera at different concentrations for 21 days. 24 hours after cessation of treatments, all animals were sacrificed under slight anesthesia. The blood and kidney samples were collected for biochemical and histopathology analyses, respectively. Results. NiSO4 exposure reduced the kidney-to-body weight ratio in rats and caused significant elevation in the levels of plasma creatinine, urea, and potassium. Also, the plasma level of sodium was decreased by NiSO4 exposure. However, addition of M. oleifera to diets averted the nickel-induced alteration to the level of creatinine and urea. The histopathology revealed damaged renal tubules and glomerular walls caused by NiSO4 exposure. In contrast, the damages were ameliorated by the M. oleifera supplemented diets. Conclusion. The addition of M. oleifera to diet afforded significant protection against nickel-induced nephrotoxicity. PMID:25295181

Adeyemi, O S; Elebiyo, T C

2014-01-01

371

Moringa oleifera Supplemented Diets Prevented Nickel-Induced Nephrotoxicity in Wistar Rats  

PubMed Central

Background. The Moringa oleifera plant has been implicated for several therapeutic potentials. Objective. To evaluate whether addition of M. oleifera to diet has protective effect against nickel-induced nephrotoxicity in rats. Methodology. Male Wistar rats were assigned into six groups of five. The rats were given oral exposure to 20?mg/kg nickel sulphate (NiSO4) in normal saline and sustained on either normal diet or diets supplemented with Moringa oleifera at different concentrations for 21 days. 24 hours after cessation of treatments, all animals were sacrificed under slight anesthesia. The blood and kidney samples were collected for biochemical and histopathology analyses, respectively. Results. NiSO4 exposure reduced the kidney-to-body weight ratio in rats and caused significant elevation in the levels of plasma creatinine, urea, and potassium. Also, the plasma level of sodium was decreased by NiSO4 exposure. However, addition of M. oleifera to diets averted the nickel-induced alteration to the level of creatinine and urea. The histopathology revealed damaged renal tubules and glomerular walls caused by NiSO4 exposure. In contrast, the damages were ameliorated by the M. oleifera supplemented diets. Conclusion. The addition of M. oleifera to diet afforded significant protection against nickel-induced nephrotoxicity.

Adeyemi, O. S.; Elebiyo, T. C.

2014-01-01

372

Text 2 treat - using SMS to recall clients for treatment.  

PubMed

Prompt treatment of patients with genital Chlamydia shortens the period of infectivity with benefits to the individual and wider community. With large numbers of genital Chlamydia notifications, predominantly occurring in younger age groups, short message service (SMS) is a potentially useful technology for recalling this patient group quickly and efficiently. In the sexual health unit of Population Health-Midwest, Western Australia, genital Chlamydia cases were recalled for treatment with an SMS. Ninety-four per cent (n?=?60) of clients responded to the SMS, with 84% (n?=?54) responding on the same day they were contacted. All clients (n?=?64) were treated for their infection, with 72% (n?=?46) having directly-observed treatment within one day of being informed of their results via SMS. Our results suggest that SMS is a highly effective, youth-friendly communication tool. PMID:24695015

Michael Bailey, Samuel; David Scalley, Benjamin; Theresa Gilles, Marisa

2014-12-01

373

Frequency and characteristics of docetaxel-induced radiation recall phenomenon  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: The aim of this study was to investigate the frequency and characteristics of a docetaxel-induced radiation recall phenomenon. Methods and Materials: Past histories of radiotherapy and radiation recall phenomenon (RRP) were analyzed in 461 patients who were administered docetaxel at our hospital between September 2002 and November 2005. Results: Of the 461 patients, 171 underwent radiotherapy before starting docetaxel. RRP was noted in 3 patients (1.8%). The 3 cases show that RRP tends to develop in patients treated with lower-energy photon beams of {<=}6 MV and in patients with marked acute phase reactions during radiotherapy. Conclusions: The incidence of RRP induced by docetaxel was 1.8%, making it a comparatively rare condition. However, docetaxel is increasingly being used for patients with head and neck tumors, and caution regarding development of RRP is warranted after use of docetaxel after high-dose radiotherapy with photon beams of {<=}6 MV.

Mizumoto, Masashi [Division of Radiation Oncology, Shizuoka Cancer Center Hospital, Nagaizumi, Shizuoka (Japan)]. E-mail: mizumoto1717@hotmail.com; Harada, Hideyuki [Division of Radiation Oncology, Shizuoka Cancer Center Hospital, Nagaizumi, Shizuoka (Japan); Asakura, Hirofumi [Division of Radiation Oncology, Shizuoka Cancer Center Hospital, Nagaizumi, Shizuoka (Japan); Zenda, Sadamoto [Division of Radiation Oncology, Shizuoka Cancer Center Hospital, Nagaizumi, Shizuoka (Japan); Fuji, Hiroshi [Division of Proton Therapy, Shizuoka Cancer Center Hospital, Nagaizumi, Shizuoka (Japan); Murayama, Shigeyuki [Division of Proton Therapy, Shizuoka Cancer Center Hospital, Nagaizumi, Shizuoka (Japan); Nishimura, Tetsuo [Division of Radiation Oncology, Shizuoka Cancer Center Hospital, Nagaizumi, Shizuoka (Japan)

2006-11-15

374

Two-Dimensional Recall: Immediate Identification of Clusters in Episodic and Semantic Memory  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To show the organization of recall, items that are remembered together can be written on the same line of a two-dimensional (2D) grid. Such 2D recall does not induce the clustering it reveals. Various aspects of 2D recall and the clustering it reveals are discussed. (Author/RM)

Buschke, Herman

1977-01-01

375

The Influence of Self-Generation of Retrieval Cues during Learning or Recall of a Text  

Microsoft Academic Search

When subjects studying a coordinately structured expository text were induced to formulate retrieval cues regarding the distinct paragraphs, access to those paragraphs during later recall appeared to be facilitated. Furthermore, explicit reproduction of the formulated cues at the onset of recall additionally enhanced access to the paragraphs (Experiment 1). Reproduction of retrieval cues at the onset of recall facilitated access

Gerrit van Dam; Michele Brinkerink-Carlier

1988-01-01

376

Dissociating Conditional Recency in Immediate and Delayed Free Recall: A Challenge for Unitary Models of Recency  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Temporal distinctiveness models of recency in free recall predict that increasing the delay between the end of sequence and attempting recall of items from that sequence will reduce recency. An empirical dissociation is reported here that violates this prediction when the delay is introduced by the act of recall itself. Analysis of data from a…

Farrell, Simon

2010-01-01

377

Evaluating Hypnotic Memory Enhancement (Hypermnesia and Reminiscence) Using Multitrial Forced Recall  

Microsoft Academic Search

Two experiments investigated whether hypnosis enhances memory retrieval per se or merely increases a person's willingness to report recollections. Both experiments assessed immediate and delayed (i.e., 1 week) recall for pictorial stimuli. In Experiment 1, following an initial waking baseline recall, subjects of high or low hypnotic ability completed a series of recall trials conducted either in hypnosis or in

David F. Dinges; Wayne G. Whitehouse; Emily Carota Orne; John W. Powell; Martin T. Orne; Matthew H. Erdelyi

1992-01-01

378

Delayed Predictive Accuracy of Narrative Recall after Traumatic Brain Injury: Salience and Explicitness.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Thirty adults either with or without traumatic brain injury (TBI) listened to narratives, made delayed predictions of recall, and took a delayed recall test. Narrative questions differed by salience and explicitness. Although TBI survivors recalled less than control participants regardless of question type, there were no differences in predictive…

Kennedy, Mary R. T.; Nawrocki, Michael D.

2003-01-01

379

Recall of Fear Extinction in Humans Activates the Ventromedial Prefrontal Cortex and Hippocampus  

E-print Network

Recall of Fear Extinction in Humans Activates the Ventromedial Prefrontal Cortex and HippocampusPFC) and hippocampus in extinction recall and its modulation by context, respectively. The aim of the present study is to investigate the mediating anatomy of extinction recall in healthy humans. Methods: Weusedevent

Quirk, Gregory J.

380

Children's Use of Text Structure in the Recall of Expository Material.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Elementary school students read and recalled normal and scrambled versions of text. Superior recall for expository text was found to be attributable to use of text structure rather than a memory factor as a retrieval cue. Students aware of structure recalled significantly more of normal passages than scrambled text. (Author/DWH)

Taylor, Barbara M.; Samuels, S. Jay

1983-01-01

381

How Subject-Matter Knowledge Affects Recall and Interest  

Microsoft Academic Search

This research examined the influence of subject-matter knowledge on students' recall of and interest in scientific exposition. Two forms of subject-matter knowledge were assessed: topic knowledge (i.e., specific subject-matter knowledge referenced in text) and domain knowledge (i.e., knowledge pertinent to a particular field of study). Two hundred and nine college students read two popular-press passages from the domain of physics.

Patricia A. Alexander; Jonna M. Kulikowich; Sharon K. Schulze

1994-01-01

382

Mechanisms influencing acquisition and recall of motor memories.  

PubMed

An internal model of the dynamics of a tool or an object is part of the motor memory acquired when learning to use the tool or to manipulate the object. Changes in synaptic efficacy may underlie acquisition and storage of memories. Here we studied the effect of pharmacological agents that interfere with synaptic plasticity on acquisition of new motor memories and on recall of a previously learned internal model. Forty-nine subjects, divided into six groups, made reaching movements while holding a robotic arm that applied forces to the hand. On day 1, all subjects learned to move in force field A. On day 2, each group of subjects was tested on their ability to recall field A and their ability to learn a new internal model in field B. Four groups participated in the experiments of day 2 under the effects of lorazepam (LZ; a GABA type A receptor-positive allosteric modulator), dextromethorphan [DM; an N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor blocker], lamotrigine (LG, a drug that blocks voltage-gated Na(+) and Ca(2+) channel), or scopolamine (SP; muscarinic receptor antagonist). Two control groups were tested in a drug-free condition: one group that was not exposed to additional experimental protocols (NP) and another group was tested under ~24 h of sleep deprivation between completion of learning on day 1 and start of testing on day 2 (SD). Recall of field A was normal in all groups. Learning of field B was reduced by LZ and DM but not by SP, LG, SD or in the NP condition. These results suggest that a 24-h sleep-deprivation period may have little or no effect on consolidation of this motor memory and that NMDA receptor activation and GABAergic inhibition are mechanisms operating in the acquisition but not recall of new motor memories in humans. PMID:12364533

Donchin, Opher; Sawaki, Lumy; Madupu, Ghangadar; Cohen, Leonardo G; Shadmehr, Reza

2002-10-01

383

Developmental continuity in the processes that underlie spatial recall  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigated whether children’s spatial recall performance shows three separable characteristics: (1) biases away from symmetry axes (geometric effects); (2) systematic drift over delays; and (3) biases toward the exemplar distribution experienced in the task (experience-dependent effects). In Experiment 1, the location of one target within each geometric category was varied. Children’s responses showed biases away from a midline

John P. Spencer; Alycia M. Hund

2003-01-01

384

Accuracy of patients' recall of pap and cholesterol screening  

Microsoft Academic Search

OBJECTIVES: This study was undertaken in mid-1994 and assessed how accurately patients recall the recency and result of their most recent cholesterol and Papanicolaou (Pap) tests. METHODS: A cross-sectional, door-to-door community survey was used to gather self-report and, subsequently, pathology laboratory data for 195 individuals. RESULTS: In regard to cholesterol screening, 30% of individuals who reported being adequately screened were

Sallie Newell; Afaf Girgis; Rob William Sanson-Fisher; Malcolm Ireland

2000-01-01

385

Hypnosis, Context effects and the recall of early autobiographical memories  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study found that attempts to recall earliest memories were strongly influenced by the testing context. It showed that a brief 3-minute self-hypnosis experience, coupled with the insinuation that hypnosis improves memory, resulted in earlier autobiographical memory reports (M = 29.5 months) than instructions for relaxation (M = 37.9 months) or counting\\/visualization (M = 48.9 months). Inquiries about earliest memories

Joseph P. Green

1999-01-01

386

3-D breast cancer screening reduces recall rates  

Cancer.gov

Tomosynthesis, or 3-dimensional (3-D) mammography, significantly reduced the number of patients being recalled for additional testing after receiving a mammogram, a Yale Cancer Center study found. The study appears in the journal Radiology. Digital mammography is considered the mainstay for breast cancer screening. However, it is not a perfect test, and many women are asked to come back for additional testing that often turns out not to show cancer. These additional screening tests increase patient anxiety.

387

Recalling white point of smartphone under varying illuminants  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The purpose of this study is to achieve color consistency in smartphone displays under varying illuminants focusing on the correlated color temperature of the white point. In the two experiments, asymmetric color matching sessions were conducted, in which subjects were asked to recall a target white point among differently nuanced white colors. In Experiment I (N=58), 6 target white points varying from 5,900 K to 11,300 K, and 15 nuanced white colors varying from 2,700 K to 19,200 K were produced. The recalling test was carried out under 11 illuminants varying between 2,500 K and 19,300 K. Both display white colors and illuminants were divided into intervals of approximately 1,000 K. The study observed a shift in the recall of the target white point. The direction of the shift had a tendency toward higher color temperature. However, when the target white points were between 5,900 K and 8,000 K, the effect of the illuminants on color recall was marginal. In order to confirm the weak effect of the illuminants, Experiment II particularly focused on this color temperature range. 3 target white points were chosen which corresponded to the color temperatures of 6,600 K, 7,000 K, and 7,500 K, respectively. The visual assessment was conducted with a group of graphic design experts, and the 33 nuanced white colors used for the comparison had intervals of approximately 200 K. The study revealed that the maximum shift in color temperature was 294 K, which is in agreement with the result of Experiment I.

Choi, Kyungah; Jang, Jiho; Suk, Hyeon-Jeong

2014-01-01

388

Validation of the OMNI RPE Seven Day Exertional Recall Questionnaire  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The present study examined the validity of the Seven Day Recall Questionnaire among recreationally active men and women. Method: Initially, participants completed a level walk (2.5 mph [4.0 kph]), hill walk (3.5 mph [5.6 kph], 5% grade), and run (5.0 mph [8.0 kph], 2.5% grade). Seven days later, participants were given the Seven Day…

Schafer, Mark A.; Robertson, Robert J.; Thekkada, Savitha J.; Gallagher, Michael, Jr.; Hunt, Sarah E.; Goss, Fredric L.; Aaron, Deborah J.

2013-01-01

389

Prompting Methods affect the Accuracy of Children's School Lunch Recalls  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objectives To evaluate the feasibility of implementing 3 specific prompting methods among students in the first and fourth grades (mean age=7.2 and 10.1 years, respectively), to validate recall accuracy of first- and fourth-grade students against observation, to develop a single measure of inaccuracy that cumulated errors in reporting food items and amounts without allowing underreporting and overreporting to cancel each

SUZANNE DOMEL BAXTER; WILLIAM O THOMPSON; HARRY C DAVIS

2000-01-01

390

Neighborhood Perceptions Affect Dietary Behaviors and Diet Quality  

PubMed Central

Objective The primary purpose of this study was to determine if perceived neighborhood disorder affected dietary quality within a multiethnic sample of children. Design Children were recruited through the use of fliers, wide-distribution mailers, parent magazines, and school presentations from June 2005 to December 2008. Setting Birmingham-Hoover, Alabama metropolitan area. Participants Sample of 100 children aged 7 to 12. Main Outcome Measure Dietary quality was assessed using the average of two 24 hour recalls and analyzed using the Nutrition Data System for Research. Analysis Multivariate linear regression analyses were conducted to assess the relationship between neighborhood disorder and dietary quality. Results Perceived neighborhood disorder was associated with increased iron intake (P = .031) and lower potassium levels (P = .041). Perceived neighborhood disorder was marginally associated with increased energy intake (P = .074) and increased sodium intake (P = .078). Conclusions and Implications Perceived neighborhood disorder was significantly related to differences in dietary quality. This indicates that subjective neighborhood characteristics may pose barriers to healthful eating behaviors for children. Future research efforts and policy should address sociostructural factors and ways to manipulate and improve food environments and individual’s perceptions of their neighborhoods. PMID:20880752

Keita, Akilah Dulin; Casazza, Krista; Thomas, Olivia; Fernandez, Jose R.

2009-01-01

391

Free recall behaviour in children with and without spelling impairment: the impact of working memory subcapacities.  

PubMed

This study examined supraspan free recall in children with and without spelling impairment. A repeated free recall task involving overt rehearsal and three computer-based adaptive working memory tasks were administered to 54 eight-year-old children. Children without spelling impairments tended to recall more items than did those children with spelling deficits. Video analyses revealed that recall behaviour was similar in impaired and unimpaired children, indicating that both groups applied similar learning activities. Group differences in number of recalled items were attributed to differences in working memory subcapacities between children with and without spelling impairment, especially with regard to central executive and phonological loop functioning. PMID:23059749

Malstädt, Nadine; Hasselhorn, Marcus; Lehmann, Martin

2012-11-01

392

Temporal trends in symptom experience predict the accuracy of recall PROs  

PubMed Central

Objective Patient-reported outcome measures with reporting periods of a week or more are often used to evaluate the change of symptoms over time, but the accuracy of recall in the context of change is not well understood. This study examined whether temporal trends in symptoms that occur during the reporting period impact the accuracy of 7-day recall reports. Methods Women with premenstrual symptoms (n = 95) completed daily reports of anger, depression, fatigue, and pain intensity for 4 weeks, as well as 7-day recall reports at the end of each week. Latent class growth analysis was used to categorize recall periods based on the direction and rate of change in the daily reports. Agreement (level differences and correlations) between 7-day recall and aggregated daily scores was compared for recall periods with different temporal trends. Results Recall periods with positive, negative, and flat temporal trends were identified and they varied in accordance with weeks of the menstrual cycle. Replicating previous research, 7-day recall scores were consistently higher than aggregated daily scores, but this level difference was more pronounced for recall periods involving positive and negative trends compared with flat trends. Moreover, correlations between 7-day recall and aggregated daily scores were lower in the presence of positive and negative trends compared with flat trends. These findings were largely consistent for anger, depression, fatigue, and pain intensity. Conclusion Temporal trends in symptoms can influence the accuracy of recall reports and this should be considered in research designs involving change. PMID:23915773

Schneider, Stefan; Broderick, Joan E.; Junghaenel, Doerte U.; Schwartz, Joseph E.; Stone, Arthur A.

2013-01-01

393

Radiologist Agreement for Mammographic Recall by Case Difficulty and Finding Type  

PubMed Central

INTRODUCTIONS To assess agreement of mammography interpretations by community radiologists with consensus interpretations of an expert radiology panel, to inform approaches that improve mammography performance. METHODS From six mammography registries, 119 community-based radiologists were recruited to assess one of four randomly assigned test sets of 109 screening mammograms with comparison studies for no recall or recall, giving the most significant finding type [mass, calcifications, asymmetric density or architectural distortion] and location. The mean proportion of agreement with an expert radiology panel was calculated by cancer status, finding type, and difficulty level of identifying the finding at the woman, breast, and lesion level. We also examined concordance in finding type between study radiologists and the expert panel. For each finding type, we determined the proportion of unnecessary recalls, defined as study radiologist recalls that were not expert panel recalls. RESULTS Recall agreement was 100% for masses and for exams with obvious findings in both cancer and non-cancer cases. Among cancer cases, recall agreement was lower for lesions that were subtle (50%) or asymmetric (60%). Subtle non-cancer findings and benign calcifications showed 33% agreement for recall. Agreement for finding responsible for recall was low, especially for architectural distortions (43%) and asymmetric densities (40%). Most unnecessary recalls (51%) were asymmetric densities. CONCLUSION Agreement in mammography interpretation was low for asymmetric densities and architectural distortions. Training focused on these interpretations could improve mammography accuracy and reduce unnecessary recalls. PMID:23122345

Onega, Tracy; Smith, Megan; Miglioretti, Diana L.; Carney, Patricia A.; Geller, Berta; Kerlikowske, Karla; Buist, Diana SM; Rosenberg, Robert D.; Smith, Robert; Sickles, Edward A.; Haneuse, Sebastien; Anderson, Melissa L.; Yankaskas, Bonnie

2012-01-01

394

Recall strategies used by respondents to complete a food frequency questionnaire: an exploratory study.  

PubMed

The purpose of this study was to identify strategies used to recall dietary intake on a food frequency questionnaire by adults in a multiethnic sample. One-on-one interviews were conducted to identify strategies used to recall intake on the Fred Hutchinson Food Frequency Questionnaire. Twenty-eight men and 26 women in San Diego, CA (average age, 41 years), were recruited from the general community with approximately equal numbers of non-Hispanic white, African-American, and English- and Spanish-speaking Hispanic participants. Recall of food intake was most commonly guided by routines. Recall strategies differed primarily by food type and not by ethnic or sex groups. Each of nine food categories on the questionnaire was associated with a distinct pattern of recall strategies. The recall strategies identified in this study may serve as cues to be included on food frequency questionnaires to aid recall and thus improve accuracy of self-reported dietary intake. PMID:16503234

Johnson-Kozlow, Marilyn; Matt, Georg E; Rock, Cheryl L

2006-03-01

395

Exploring the relationship between new word learning and short-term memory for serial order recall, item recall, and item recognition  

Microsoft Academic Search

We reexplored the relationship between new word learning and verbal short-term memory (STM) capacities, by distinguishing STM for serial order information, item recall, and item recognition. STM capacities for order information were estimated via a serial order reconstruction task. A rhyme probe recognition task assessed STM for item recognition. Item recall capacities were derived from the proportion of item errors

Steve Majerus; Martine Poncelet; Bruno Elsen; Martial van der Linden

2006-01-01

396

Optogenetic stimulation of a hippocampal engram activates fear memory recall.  

PubMed

A specific memory is thought to be encoded by a sparse population of neurons. These neurons can be tagged during learning for subsequent identification and manipulation. Moreover, their ablation or inactivation results in reduced memory expression, suggesting their necessity in mnemonic processes. However, the question of sufficiency remains: it is unclear whether it is possible to elicit the behavioural output of a specific memory by directly activating a population of neurons that was active during learning. Here we show in mice that optogenetic reactivation of hippocampal neurons activated during fear conditioning is sufficient to induce freezing behaviour. We labelled a population of hippocampal dentate gyrus neurons activated during fear learning with channelrhodopsin-2 (ChR2) and later optically reactivated these neurons in a different context. The mice showed increased freezing only upon light stimulation, indicating light-induced fear memory recall. This freezing was not detected in non-fear-conditioned mice expressing ChR2 in a similar proportion of cells, nor in fear-conditioned mice with cells labelled by enhanced yellow fluorescent protein instead of ChR2. Finally, activation of cells labelled in a context not associated with fear did not evoke freezing in mice that were previously fear conditioned in a different context, suggesting that light-induced fear memory recall is context specific. Together, our findings indicate that activating a sparse but specific ensemble of hippocampal neurons that contribute to a memory engram is sufficient for the recall of that memory. Moreover, our experimental approach offers a general method of mapping cellular populations bearing memory engrams. PMID:22441246

Liu, Xu; Ramirez, Steve; Pang, Petti T; Puryear, Corey B; Govindarajan, Arvind; Deisseroth, Karl; Tonegawa, Susumu

2012-04-19

397

REM-dreams recall in patients with narcolepsy-cataplexy.  

PubMed

An abundant recall of dreams has been observed in clinical studies on patients with narcolepsy-cataplexy (NC), a neurological disorder characterized by an altered sleep architecture. Laboratory studies have shown that dream experiences developed during 1st-rapid eye movement (REM) sleep by NC patients are longer and more complex than those of healthy subjects. To establish whether these features indicate an earlier optimal functioning of the cognitive processes involved in dream generation rather than a more accurate dream recall, we compared the indicators of length and structural organization in reports of REM-dreams collected from 14 NC patients and their matched controls. During an experimental night two awakenings were provoked after 8 min in 1st- and 3rd-REM sleep; participants were asked to report their dream experience (spontaneous report) and then, if possible, further remembered parts of this experience (prompted report). All reports were analyzed using story-grammar rules, which allow us to identify units larger than single contents and describe their story-like organization. While dream recall (about 90%) was comparable in NC patients and controls, 1st-REM spontaneous reports were longer and more complex in NC patients, half of whom also provided prompted reports. After 3rd-REM awakening more than one third of NC patients and controls gave prompted reports, which were fairly comparable in length and complexity with the spontaneous reports. These findings confirm that the cognitive processes underlying dream generation reach their optimal functioning earlier in the night in NC patients than in normal subjects, and raises the question of whether the dream-stories described in spontaneous and prompted reports are part of the same or distinct REM-dreams. PMID:19897020

Mazzetti, Michela; Bellucci, Claudia; Mattarozzi, Katia; Plazzi, Giuseppe; Tuozzi, Giovanni; Cipolli, Carlo

2010-01-15

398

Infant recall memory and communication predicts later cognitive development  

PubMed Central

This longitudinal study investigates the relation between recall memory and communication in infancy and later cognitive development. Twenty-six typically developing Swedish children were tested during infancy for deferred imitation (memory), joint attention (JA), and requesting (nonverbal communication); they also were tested during childhood for language and cognitive competence. Results showed that infants with low performance on both deferred imitation at 9 months and joint attention at 14 months obtained a significantly lower score on a test of cognitive abilities at 4 years of age. This long-term prediction from preverbal infancy to childhood cognition is of interest both to developmental theory and to practice. PMID:17138307

Strid, Karin; Tjus, Tomas; Smith, Lars; Meltzoff, Andrew N.; Heimann, Mikael

2013-01-01

399

Comparative Effects of Low-Carbohydrate High-Protein Versus Low-Fat Diets on the Kidney  

PubMed Central

Summary Background and objectives Concerns exist about deleterious renal effects of low-carbohydrate high-protein weight loss diets. This issue was addressed in a secondary analysis of a parallel randomized, controlled long-term trial. Design, setting, participants, and measurements Between 2003 and 2007, 307 obese adults without serious medical illnesses at three United States academic centers were randomly assigned to a low-carbohydrate high-protein or a low-fat weight-loss diet for 24 months. Main outcomes included renal filtration (GFR) indices (serum creatinine, cystatin C, creatinine clearance); 24-hour urinary volume; albumin; calcium excretion; and serum solutes at 3, 12, and 24 months. Results Compared with the low-fat diet, low-carbohydrate high-protein consumption was associated with minor reductions in serum creatinine (relative difference, ?4.2%) and cystatin C (?8.4%) at 3 months and relative increases in creatinine clearance at 3 (15.8 ml/min) and 12 (20.8 ml/min) months; serum urea at 3 (14.4%), 12 (9.0%), and 24 (8.2%) months; and 24-hour urinary volume at 12 (438 ml) and 24 (268 ml) months. Urinary calcium excretion increased at 3 (36.1%) and 12 (35.7%) months without changes in bone density or clinical presentations of new kidney stones. Conclusions In healthy obese individuals, a low-carbohydrate high-protein weight-loss diet over 2 years was not associated with noticeably harmful effects on GFR, albuminuria, or fluid and electrolyte balance compared with a low-fat diet. Further follow-up is needed to determine even longer-term effects on kidney function. PMID:22653255

Ogden, Lorraine G.; Foster, Gary D.; Klein, Samuel; Stein, Richard; Miller, Bernard; Hill, James O.; Brill, Carrie; Bailer, Brooke; Rosenbaum, Diane R.; Wyatt, Holly R.

2012-01-01

400

Reproducibility of physical activity recall over fifteen years: longitudinal evidence from the CARDIA study  

PubMed Central

Background To examine the benefits of physical activity (PA) on diseases with a long developmental period, it is important to determine reliability of long-term PA recall. Methods We investigated 15-year reproducibility of PA recall. Participants were 3605 White and African-American adults in the Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults study, aged 33–45 at the time of recall assessment. Categorical questions assessed PA before and during high school (HS) and overall PA level at Baseline, with the same timeframes recalled 15?years later. Moderate- and vigorous-intensity scores were calculated from reported months of participation in specific activities. Results HS PA recall had higher reproducibility than overall PA recall (weighted kappa?=?0.43 vs. 0.21). Correlations between 15-year recall and Baseline reports of PA were r?=?0.29 for moderate-intensity scores, and r?=?0.50 for vigorous-intensity. Recall of vigorous activities had higher reproducibility than moderate-intensity activities. Regardless of number of months originally reported for specific activities, most participants recalled either no activity or activity during all 12?months. Conclusion PA recall from the distant past is moderately reproducible, but poor at the individual level, among young and middle aged adults. PMID:23448132

2013-01-01

401

Resale of recalled children's products online: an examination of the world's largest yard sale  

PubMed Central

Objective To examine an online auction site for the presence and sale of children's products and toys previously recalled because of safety concerns. Methods Targeted items were randomly selected from US Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC) press releases of recalled children's products dated 1992–2004. Auction listings from eBay were searched for the 150 targeted recalled items for 30?days. Item, seller, and buyer information were recorded from the auction listings. Results 190 auctions contained or were suspected to contain a recalled children's item from the target list. Most of the recalled items were listed for sale from addresses within the United States, with sellers from Canada, Australia, Great Britain, and Ireland also represented. On average, six bids were placed on each recalled item, with 70% of auctions eventuating in a sale. Conclusions Recalled children's products were found to be available for sale online and were sold most of the time, presenting a risk of injury to children. Although the CPSC is charged with notifying the public of recalled items, these results suggest that potentially hazardous products are recirculating online. A multi?front initiative to decrease the presence of hazards in online auctions is needed. This initiative should include increased manufacturer efforts to improve recall return rates, a requirement by online auction sites that sellers verify non?recall status before item posting, and parental checks of government recall websites before item purchase. Investigation of parental understanding and awareness of recalls and the potential risks associated with recall announcements is needed. PMID:17686931

Kirschman, Keri Brown; Smith, Gary A

2007-01-01

402

List composition and the word length effect in immediate recall: A comparison of localist and globalist assumptions  

Microsoft Academic Search

Lists of short words usually are recalled better than lists of longer words in immediate recall tasks. Such word length effects\\u000a might be explained bylocalist accounts, in which the length of each word in a list affects the recall of that word only, or byglobalist accounts, in which the lengths of at least some words affect the recall of other

Nelson Cowan; Alan D. Baddeley; Emily M. Elliott; Jennifer Norris

2003-01-01

403

Racial/Ethnic Differences in Dietary Intake among WIC Families Prior to Food Package Revisions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: To compare the diets of African American and Hispanic families in the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) prior to the 2009 food package revisions. Methods: Mother-child dyads were recruited from 12 WIC sites in Chicago, IL. Individuals with 1 valid 24-hour recall were included in the analyses…

Kong, Angela; Odoms-Young, Angela M.; Schiffer, Linda A.; Berbaum, Michael L.; Porter, Summer J.; Blumstein, Lara; Fitzgibbon, Marian L.

2013-01-01

404

Nutritional Parameters and Chronic Energy Deficiency in Older Adults of Desert Areas of Western Rajasthan, India  

Microsoft Academic Search

Nutritional status was assessed in 212 older individuals (?60 years of age) in a cross - sectional study carried out in desert areas of western Rajasthan during 2003. Heights and weights were recorded and a family diet survey (one-day, 24-hour recall) was carried out in 200 households (HHs) from 20 villages. Body Mass Index (BMI) was used to classify nutritional

N. Arlappa; K. Mallikarjuna Rao; K. Venkaiah; G. N. V. Brahmam; K. Vijayaraghavan

2009-01-01

405

Dietary patterns and food choices of a population sample of adults on Guam  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined dietary patterns of adults on Guam. Four hundred subjects were selected via a multistage procedure to represent the island's population. A 24-hour dietary recall was administered via telephone in 1995 to 1996. Diets were computer analyzed. There were 4,913 food items reported, representing 1,042 individual foods. Most respondents, 51.3%, had a \\

Rebecca S Pobocik; Alison Trager

406

Diets that Work  

MedlinePLUS

... most days of the week? A Moderately Low-Carbohydrate Diet This diet, similar to the South Beach ... lean protein foods and high-fiber, nutrient-rich carbohydrates, such as vegetables, fruits, and whole grains. The ...

407

Potassium in diet  

MedlinePLUS

Diet - potassium ... The doctor or nurse will recommend a special diet. ... The Food and Nutrition Center of the Institute of Medicine has established the following recommended dietary intakes for potassium: Infants 0 - 6 months: ...

408

Heart disease and diet  

MedlinePLUS

Diet - heart disease ... diet and lifestyle can reduce your risk of heart disease, heart attacks, and stroke. Conditions that lead to heart disease, including high cholesterol , high blood pressure, obesity , and ...

409

Maternal Deprivation Exacerbates the Response to a High Fat Diet in a Sexually Dimorphic Manner  

PubMed Central

Maternal deprivation (MD) during neonatal life has diverse long-term effects, including affectation of metabolism. Indeed, MD for 24 hours during the neonatal period reduces body weight throughout life when the animals are maintained on a normal diet. However, little information is available regarding how this early stress affects the response to increased metabolic challenges during postnatal life. We hypothesized that MD modifies the response to a high fat diet (HFD) and that this response differs between males and females. To address this question, both male and female Wistar rats were maternally deprived for 24 hours starting on the morning of postnatal day (PND) 9. Upon weaning on PND22 half of each group received a control diet (CD) and the other half HFD. MD rats of both sexes had significantly reduced accumulated food intake and weight gain compared to controls when raised on the CD. In contrast, when maintained on a HFD energy intake and weight gain did not differ between control and MD rats of either sex. However, high fat intake induced hyperleptinemia in MD rats as early as PND35, but not until PND85 in control males and control females did not become hyperleptinemic on the HFD even at PND102. High fat intake stimulated hypothalamic inflammatory markers in both male and female rats that had been exposed to MD, but not in controls. Reduced insulin sensitivity was observed only in MD males on the HFD. These results indicate that MD modifies the metabolic response to HFD intake, with this response being different between males and females. Thus, the development of obesity and secondary complications in response to high fat intake depends on numerous factors. PMID:23145019

Mela, Virginia; Llorente-Berzal, Alvaro; Diaz, Francisca; Argente, Jesus; Viveros, Maria-Paz; Chowen, Julie A.

2012-01-01

410

Robust sequential working memory recall in heterogeneous cognitive networks  

PubMed Central

Psychiatric disorders are often caused by partial heterogeneous disinhibition in cognitive networks, controlling sequential and spatial working memory (SWM). Such dynamic connectivity changes suggest that the normal relationship between the neuronal components within the network deteriorates. As a result, competitive network dynamics is qualitatively altered. This dynamics defines the robust recall of the sequential information from memory and, thus, the SWM capacity. To understand pathological and non-pathological bifurcations of the sequential memory dynamics, here we investigate the model of recurrent inhibitory-excitatory networks with heterogeneous inhibition. We consider the ensemble of units with all-to-all inhibitory connections, in which the connection strengths are monotonically distributed at some interval. Based on computer experiments and studying the Lyapunov exponents, we observed and analyzed the new phenomenon—clustered sequential dynamics. The results are interpreted in the context of the winnerless competition principle. Accordingly, clustered sequential dynamics is represented in the phase space of the model by two weakly interacting quasi-attractors. One of them is similar to the sequential heteroclinic chain—the regular image of SWM, while the other is a quasi-chaotic attractor. Coexistence of these quasi-attractors means that the recall of the normal information sequence is intermittently interrupted by episodes with chaotic dynamics. We indicate potential dynamic ways for augmenting damaged working memory and other cognitive functions.

Rabinovich, Mikhail I.; Sokolov, Yury; Kozma, Robert

2014-01-01

411

A motor isolation effect: When object manipulability modulates recall performance.  

PubMed

Previous studies suggested that the language production architecture is recruited during verbal retention, and others proposed that spatial memory relies on the oculomotor system. The objective of the present study was to investigate the role of the motor system in object memory, by examining the effect of objects' affordances on retention. In a serial recall task, we manipulated the manipulability of objects to retain in memory. We used an isolation paradigm where we isolated the manipulability level of one object from the list. We showed that recall performance improved for the isolated object (Experiment 1) and that this advantage was abolished when participants were required to perform motor suppression during the task (Experiment 2). In Experiment 3, we showed that the abolition of the motor isolation effect in Experiment 2 was not due to an effect of distraction since motor suppression was shown not to interfere with a semantic isolation effect. It is argued that motor affordances play a role in object memory, but only when the motor characteristics of an object allow discriminating it from the other objects in the list. PMID:25176227

Guérard, Katherine; Lagacé, Sébastien

2014-12-01

412

Protoplasmic Computing to Memorize and Recall Periodic Environmental Events  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Single-celled organisms might be more intelligent than previously envisaged [1]-[5]. The acts of anticipating and recalling events are higher functions performed by the brains of higher animals; their evolutionary origins and the way they self-organize, however, remain open questions. Here we show that an amoeboid organism can anticipate the timing of periodic events. The plasmodium of the true slime mold Physarum polycephalum moves rapidly under favorable conditions, but stops moving when transferred to less-favorable conditions. For example, plasmodia exposed to low temperature and low humidity, presented in three consecutive pulses at constant intervals, reduced their locomotive speed in response to each episode. When favorable conditions were subsequently reintroduced, the plasmodia spontaneously reduced their locomotive speed at the point in time when the next unfavorable episode would have occurred. This implies that the plasmodia are able to anticipate impending environmental change. After this anticipatory response had been evoked several times, the locomotion of the plasmodia returned to normal speed; however, the slowing down could subsequently be induced by a single unfavorable pulse, implying recall of the periodicity that had been memorized. We have explored the mechanisms underlying this behavior from a dynamical systems perspective. Our results suggest that this primitive intelligence is of cellular origin and that simple dynamics might be sufficient to explain its emergence. abstract environment.

Tero, Atsushi; Saigusa, Tetsu; Nakagaki, Toshiyuki

413

Re-attendance at biennial screening mammography following a repeated false positive recall.  

PubMed

We determined the re-attendance rate at screening mammography after a single or a repeated false positive recall and we assessed the effects of transition from screen-film mammography (SFM) to full-field digital mammography (FFDM) on screening outcome in women recalled twice for the same mammographic abnormality. The study population consisted of a consecutive series of 302,912 SFM and 90,288 FFDM screens. During a 2 years follow-up period (until the next biennial screen), we collected the breast imaging reports and biopsy results of all recalled women. Re-attendance at biennial screening mammography was 93.2 % (95 % CI 93.1-93.3 %) for women with a negative screen (i.e., no recall at screening mammography), 65.4 % (95 % CI 64.0-66.8 %) for women recalled once, 56.7 % (95 % CI 47.1-66.4 %) for women recalled twice but for different lesions and 44.3 % (95 % CI 31.4-57.1 %) for women recalled twice for the same lesion. FFDM recalls comprised a significantly larger proportion of women who had been recalled twice for the same lesion (1.9 % of recalls (52 women) at FFDM vs. 0.9 % of recalls (37 women) at SFM, P < 0.001) and the positive predictive value of these recalls (PPV) was significantly lower at FFDM (15.4 vs. 35.1 %, P = 0.03). At review, 20 of 52 women (39.5 %, all with benign outcome) would not have been recalled for a second time at FFDM if the previous hard copy SFM screen had been available for comparison. We conclude that a repeated false positive recall for the same lesion significantly lowered the probability of screening re-attendance. The first round of FFDM significantly increased the proportion of women recalled twice for the same lesion, with a significantly lower PPV of these lesions. Almost 40 % of repeatedly recalled women would not have been recalled the second time if the previous hard copy SFM screen had been available for comparison at the time of FFDM. PMID:24748569

Klompenhouwer, Elisabeth G; Duijm, Lucien E M; Voogd, Adri C; den Heeten, Gerard J; Strobbe, Luc J; Louwman, Marieke W; Coebergh, Jan Willem; Venderink, Dick; Broeders, Mireille J M

2014-06-01

414

Current status of patient recall in u.s. Predoctoral dental school clinics.  

PubMed

The Commission on Dental Accreditation (CODA)'s revised standard 2-23, which went into effect in July 2013, requires U.S. dental graduates to be competent in "evaluation of the outcomes of treatment, recall strategies, and prognosis." To assess the way dental schools are implementing this revised recommendation, a survey was conducted to assess the existence of recall systems in the schools' clinics and factors enhancing or hindering the formation of an effective recall system. Surveys were returned from thirty-five dental schools (54.7 percent response rate). Results showed that most institutions had active recall systems and the respondents believed that program effectiveness can be further improved. Suggested improvements included patient education and tracking patient recall appointments. The results indicate that recall systems exist in predoctoral dental education programs, have high student involvement, and vary among schools. PMID:25281670

Afshari, Fatemeh S; Schelkopf, Stuart; Yuan, Judy Chia-Chun; Marinis, Aristotelis; Syros, George; Campbell, Stephen D; Sukotjo, Cortino

2014-10-01

415

Gender differences in preschool children’s recall of competitive and noncompetitive computer mathematics games  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigated whether competitive and noncompetitive educational mathematics computer games influence four? to seven?year?old boys’ and girls’ recall of game?playing experience. A qualitative analysis was performed to investigate what preschool children may have learned through their selective recall of game?playing experience. A difference emerged in six? to seven?year?old boys’ and girls’ recall after playing a competitive computer mathematics game,

Katherine Grace Hendrix

2009-01-01

416

Two-Process Models of Recognition Memory: Evidence for Recall-to-Reject?  

Microsoft Academic Search

According to two-process accounts of recognition memory, a familiarity-based process is followed by a slower, more accurate, recall-like process. The dominant two-process account is the recall-to-reject account, in which this second process facilitates the rejection of similar foils. To evaluate the recall-to-reject account, we reanalyzed two experiments from Hintzman and Curran (1994) in which subjects made word recognition judgments at

Caren M. Rotello; Evan Heit

1999-01-01

417

Precision and Recall of Machine Translation I. Dan Melamed, Ryan Green, and Joseph P. Turian  

E-print Network

Precision and Recall of Machine Translation I. Dan Melamed, Ryan Green, and Joseph P. Turian , precision(Y jX) = jX\\Y j jY j and recall(Y jX) = jX\\Y j jXj : Both functions are proportional to the size a suitable way to compute jX \\ Y j, the intersection of a pair of texts. 2.1 Unigram-Based Measures

418

Word length and age influences on forward and backward immediate serial recall  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present research is aimed at understanding the processes involved in short-term memory and how they interact with age.\\u000a Specifically, word length effects were examined under forward serial recall, backward serial recall, and item recognition\\u000a tasks, with performance being interpreted within an item-order theoretical framework. The interaction of age, word length,\\u000a and direction of recall was examined in two experiments,

Rosemary Baker; Gerald Tehan; Hannah Tehan

419

Americans with Diet-Related Chronic Diseases Report Higher Diet Quality Than Those without These Diseases123  

PubMed Central

Large health disparities exist in the U.S. across ethnic and socioeconomic status groups. Using nationally representative data, we tested whether American patients with diet-related chronic diseases had higher diet quality than nonpatients. We also tested whether nutrition knowledge and beliefs (NKB) and food label (FL) use were associated with the observed differences. The 1994–1996 Continuing Survey of Food Intake by Individuals, and the Diet and Health Knowledge Survey were examined for 4356 U.S. adults. Dietary intakes were assessed using 2 nonconsecutive 24-h recalls and diet quality was assessed by using the USDA 2005 Healthy Eating Index (HEI). Patients’ mean HEI was higher than that of nonpatients (mean ± SE: 53.6 ± 0.5 vs. 51.8 ± 0.4; P < 0.001). Among patients, blacks were 92% more likely to report low diet quality (HEI < 20th percentile) than whites. The positive association between chronic diseases and HEI was observed only for patients with good NKB [OR = 1.80 (95% CI = 1.34, 2.43)]. The diabetes-HEI association was stronger among FL users [OR = 2.24 (95% CI = 1.08, 4.63)] than non-FL users [OR = 1.33 (95% CI = 0.65, 2.73)]. Hypertensive patients’ and nonpatients’ diet quality did not significantly differ; linear regression models showed no difference in their HEI (? ± SE: 0.6 ± 0.6; P > 0.05) or sodium intake (?18.6 ± 91.4 g/d; P > 0.05) between them. In conclusion, U.S. adults with diet-related chronic diseases reported somewhat higher diet quality than nonpatients, especially among those patients with good NKB and use of FL. Efforts are needed to promote healthy eating among Americans with diet-related chronic diseases; nutrition education and promotion of FL use may help. PMID:21697303

Chen, Xiaoli; Cheskin, Lawrence J.; Shi, Leiyu; Wang, Youfa

2011-01-01

420

Established dietary estimates of net acid production do not predict measured net acid excretion in patients with Type 2 diabetes on Paleolithic-Hunter-Gatherer-type diets  

PubMed Central

Background Formulas developed to estimate diet-dependent net acid excretion (NAE) generally agree with measured values for typical Western diets. Whether they can also appropriately predict NAE for "Paleolithic-type" (Paleo) diets – which contain very high amounts of fruits and vegetables (F&V) and concurrent high amounts of protein is unknown. Here we compare measured NAEs with established NAE-estimates in subjects with Type 2 diabetes (T2D). Methods Thirteen subjects with well controlled T2D were randomized to either a Paleo or American Diabetes Association (ADA) diet for 14 days. 24-hour urine collections were performed at baseline and end of the diet period, and analyzed for titratable acid, bicarbonate, and ammonium to calculate measured NAE. Three formulas for estimating NAE from dietary intake were used; two (NAE_diet R or L) that include dietary mineral intake and sulfate- and organic acid (OA) production, and one that is empirically-derived (NAE_diet F) only considering potassium and protein intake. Results Measured NAE on the Paleo diet was significantly lower than on the ADA diet (+31±22 vs. 112±52 mEq/day, p=0.002). Although all formula estimates showed similar and reasonable correlations (r=0.52–0.76) with measured NAE, each one underestimated measured values. The formula with the best correlation did not contain an estimate of dietary organic acid production. Conclusions Paleo diets are lower in NAE than typical Western diets. However, commonly used formulas clearly underestimate NAE, especially for diets with very high F&V (as the Paleo diet), and in subjects with T2D. This may be due to an inappropriate estimation of proton loads stemming from OAs, underlining the necessity for improved measures of OA-related proton sources. PMID:23859996

Frassetto, Lynda A; Shi, Lijie; Schloetter, Monique; Sebastian, Anthony; Remer, Thomas

2014-01-01

421

Recall radiation dermatitis by sorafenib following stereotactic body radiation therapy  

PubMed Central

We report on a 63-year-old man with a history of hepatitis B virus–related hepatocellular carcinoma with a thrombus extending into the inferior vena cava, who received image-guided stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) with helical tomotherapy, followed by sorafenib. A total tumor dose of 48 Gy was delivered by 6 fractions within 2 weeks. The tumor responded dramatically, and the patient tolerated the courses well. Ten days after SBRT, sorafenib (200 mg), at 1.5 tablets twice a day, was prescribed. One week later, grade 2 recall radiation dermatitis subsequently developed in the previous SBRT off-target area. SBRT followed by sorafenib for the treatment of a portal vein thrombosis provided effective results, but the potential risk of enhanced adverse effects between radiation and sorafenib should be considered with caution, especially under a SBRT scheme. PMID:24971021

Hsieh, Chen-Hsi; Lin, Shih-Chiang; Shueng, Pei-Wei; Kuo, Deng-Yu

2014-01-01

422

A Nationwide Recall on Possibly Diseased Body Parts  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston has issued a nationwide recall of an unknown number of body parts shipped to approximately 60 academic institutions, teaching hospitals, and clinics between November 2000 and May 2002. Due to poor record keeping, officials at the Texas medical school have been unable to determine if the body parts had been tested for hepatitis B, hepatitis C, and HIV. The university has fired Allen Tyler Jr., the person who was in charge of the medical school's Willed Bodies Program, and has temporarily halted the transfer of cadavers to other programs. The Galveston center's program is the only one in Texas that accepts bodies from the state prison, and according to Melinda Mora, manager of the Willed Body Program at Southwestern Medical Center in Dallas, the risk of disease is greater in Galveston because HIV, hepatitis B, and hepatitis C occur at a higher rate in prisons than in the general population. This recall has been the latest mix that has shaken Galveston's medical center since it was revealed last month that Mr. Tyler may have sold donated body parts willed to the institution for personal profit. Ashes of cremated bodies were allegedly commingled so that grieving families received ashes from various bodies, not just their loved ones. The FBI is currently investigating the allegations against Mr. Tyler, and a number of civil lawsuits have been filed. For more information regarding this story, users may access the first four news links above. Users interested in Galveston's medical program may access the fifth link, which leads to the University of Texas Medical Center's home page.

Green, Marcia.

2002-01-01

423

Parental Recall of Doctor Communication of Weight Status  

PubMed Central

Objective To examine time trends in parental reports of health professional notification of childhood overweight over the last decade and to determine the characteristics most associated with such notification. Design Secondary data analysis using ?2 tests to examine the relationships between multiple factors on the reports of parents and/or caregivers (hereinafter “parents”) and logistic regression for multivariate analysis. Setting National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 1999 through 2008. Participants Parents of 4985 children aged 2 to 15 years with body mass index (BMI) in the 85th percentile or higher based on measured height and weight. Main Outcome Measures Affirmative answer to the following question: “Has a doctor or health professional ever told you that your child is overweight?” Results During 1999 through 2008, 22% of parents of children with BMIs in the 85th percentile or higher reported having been told by a doctor or health professional that their child was overweight; recall of notification was actually more likely among nonwhite and poor children. This percentage increased from 19.4% to 23.2% from the 1999–2004 period and further accelerated in the 2007–2008 period to 29.1%. The time trend persisted in multivariate analyses, with significantly more parents reporting having been told in 2007 through 2008 than in 1999 through 2000. Conclusion Fewer than one-quarter of parents of overweight children report having been told that their child was overweight. While reports of notification have increased over the last decade (perhaps because of [1] revised definitions of overweight and obesity, [2] increased concern about children with BMIs in the 85th to 95th sex-and age-specific percentiles, or [3] improved recall by parents), further research is necessary to determine where and why communication of weight status breaks down. PMID:22147758

Perrin, Eliana M.; Skinner, Asheley Cockrell; Steiner, Michael J.

2012-01-01

424

Procedural sedation and recall in the emergency department: the relationship between depth of sedation and patient recall and satisfaction (a pilot study).  

PubMed

This study aimed to determine the prevalence of patient recall and its relationship between sedation depth, pain and patient satisfaction in a sample of patients receiving procedural sedation in the emergency department. Recall, pain and patient satisfaction were measured on a scale of 0-10 and sedation depth a scale of 1-4 (American Society of Anesthesiologists sedation scale). Spearman's correlation test showed sedation depth was significantly related to recall (Spearman's ? = -0.511, p<0.05) specifically with midazolam use (? = -0.857, p<0.01). Increased recall was associated with higher pain scores (? = 0.683, p<0.001) and lower patient satisfaction (? = -0.785, p<0.001). PMID:21030545

Freeston, Jennifer A; Leal, Alexis; Gray, Alasdair

2012-08-01

425

Diet composition and feeding periodicity of wild and hatchery subyearling Chinook salmon in Lake Ontario  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Diel feeding periodicity, daily ration, and diet composition of wild and hatchery subyearling Chinook salmon Oncorhynchus tshawytscha were examined in Lake Ontario and the Salmon River, New York. The diet of wild riverine salmon was composed mainly of aquatic invertebrates (63.4%), mostly ephemeropterans (25.8%), chiromomids (15.8%), and trichopterans (8.3%). The diet of riverine Chinook was more closely associated with the composition of drift samples rather than bottom samples, suggesting mid-water feeding. In Lake Ontario terrestrial invertebrates were more important in the diet of hatchery Chinook (49.0%) than wild salmon (30.5%) and diet overlap between hatchery and wild salmon was low (0.46%). The diet of both hatchery and wild Chinook salmon was more closely associated with the composition of mid-water invertebrate samples rather than benthic core samples, indicating mid-water and surface feeding. Hatchery Chinook salmon consumed significantly less food (P < 0.05) than wild Chinook salmon in the lake and in the river, and wild salmon from Lake Ontario consumed more food than wild salmon in the Salmon River. Peak feeding of wild Chinook salmon occurred between 1200-1600 hours in Lake Ontario and between 1600-2000 hours in the Salmon River; there was no discernable feeding peak for the hatchery Chinook in Lake Ontario. Hatchery Chinook salmon also had the least diverse diet over the 24-hour sample period. These results suggest that at 7 days post-stocking hatchery Chinook salmon had not yet fully adapted to their new environment.

Johnson, J.H.

2008-01-01

426

78 FR 12329 - Distinguishing Medical Device Recalls From Product Enhancements; Reporting Requirements; Draft...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Food and Drug Administration...FDA-2013-D-0114] Distinguishing Medical Device Recalls From Product...Guidance for Industry and Food and Drug Administration...SUMMARY: The Food and Drug Administration...entitled ``Distinguishing Medical Device Recalls From...

2013-02-22

427

Remote Memory:Recalling: Autobiographical and Public Events From Across the Lifespan  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this study the recall of autobiographical and public events across the lifespan was examined in a sample of middle-aged and older-aged adults. The tasks were modified versions of one first introduced by Galton (1879), and they required subjects to recall events from specific time periods across their entire lifespan. The four tasks differed in the nature of the episodes

JANICE. L. HOWES; ALBERT. N. KATZ

1992-01-01

428

Recall and recognition of pictures by children as a function of organization and distractor similarity  

Microsoft Academic Search

Studied verbal description, recall, and recognition of complex meaningful pictures by 168 1st and 2nd graders. Amount of organization in the stimuli and similarity of distractors was varied. Across Ss (sex, ethnic group, and grade level), verbal measures were poor predictors of recognition accuracy. Across stimuli, amount recalled and recognition accuracy were both related to amount of organization. Recognition was

Jean M. Mandler; Nancy L. Stein

1974-01-01

429

Children's Recall and Recognition of Sex Role Stereotyped and Discrepant Information.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Investigated the influence of differing levels of sex role stereotyped and discrepant information on immediate and delayed memory. Compared kindergarten and second-grade children's recall and recognition of stereotyped, moderately discrepant, and highly discrepant pictures. Results suggested significantly better recall of highly discrepant…

Trepanier-Street, Mary L.; Kropp, Jerri Jaudon

1987-01-01

430

Childhood Unhappiness and Family Stressors Recalled by Adult Childred of Substance Abusers  

Microsoft Academic Search

The incidence of perceived parental substance abuse, childhood unhappiness and recalled family stressors were investigated among 713 college students. Twenty-five percent of these participants reported they were adult children of substance abusers (ACOSA's). The primary findings were: (1) ACOSA'S, in comparison to their classmates, were significantly more likely to recall their childhoods as unhappy and stressful; and (2) among the

Loyd S. Wright; John Garrison; Nina B. Wright; D. Theron Stimmel

1992-01-01

431

Learning from News: Effects of Message Consistency and Medium on Recall and Inference Making  

Microsoft Academic Search

The authors hypothesized that information consistent with an evoked knowledge structure will tend to reinforce the structure. However, inconsistent information will tend to produce greater amounts of free recall because the inconsistencies will become salient. Finally, inconsistent information in text form will tend to produce more recall than inconsistent information presented on television or on the radio. The authors gave

Robert H. Wicks; Dan G. Drew

1991-01-01

432

Adaptation of Interpersonal Process Recall and a Theory of Educating for the Improvement of College Instruction.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An adapted form of interpersonal process recall (IPR) and a theory of educating are described. IPR, which was originally conceived as a method for interpersonal counseling, may help college teachers improve their instruction, based on the conceptual framework derived from D. B. Gowin's (1981) theory of educating. The adapted recall technique…

Taylor-Way, David G.

433

The Kahn Intelligence Test (Experimental Form) Recall Scale as a Measure of Retention  

Microsoft Academic Search

Sixty Navy enlisted personnel were administered the Recall scale of the Kahn Intelligence Test (Experimental Form; KIT) and the Digit Span subtest of the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale (WAIS) in tests of immediate and delayed recall to assess relative retention of diverse stimuli. Scores for the KIT tasks indicate a significant transfer of data to long-term memory, which correlated with

Peter D. Mathewson

1977-01-01

434

78 FR 46966 - Food Safety Modernization Act Domestic and Foreign Facility Reinspection, Recall, and Importer...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Importer Reinspection Fee Rates for Fiscal Year 2014...year (FY) 2014 fee rates for certain domestic...facility reinspections, failures to comply with a recall...response to the firm's failure to comply with a recall...the appropriate hourly rate shown in table 2 of...

2013-08-02

435

77 FR 45636 - Food Safety Modernization Act Domestic and Foreign Facility Reinspection, Recall, and Importer...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Importer Reinspection Fee Rates for Fiscal Year 2013...year (FY) 2013 fee rates for certain domestic...facility reinspections, failures to comply with a recall...response to the firm's failure to comply with a recall...the appropriate hourly rate shown in table 2 of...

2012-08-01

436

Age-of-Recall Effects on Family-of-Origin Ratings.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

College students (n=141) completed Self-Report Family Inventory on Beavers Systems Model of Family Functioning, rating current family, family when they were 10 years old, and family when they were 16 years old. Found significant differences between age-of-recall groups, with recall ratings from age 10 significantly more competent, cohesive, and…

Hampson, Robert B.; And Others

1994-01-01

437

The Effects of Self-generated Cues on Recall of the Paragraphs of a Text  

Microsoft Academic Search

A self-generated list of short indications of the paragraphs of a text was shown to subjects to facilitate the retrieval of the text's contents during recall. The results of Experiment 1 indicated that a substantial number of potentially accessible paragraphs failed to be retrieved under ordinary conditions of free recall. Access to some paragraphs appears to have been inhibited progressively

Gerrit van Dam; Michele Brinkerink-Carlier; Ineke Kok

1987-01-01

438

Episodic Memory in Adults with Autistic Spectrum Disorders: Recall for Self- versus Other-Experienced Events  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

People with autistic spectrum disorders (ASD) have difficulties in recalling recently experienced events, which is dependent upon intact functioning of several aspects of "self awareness". The current study examined impaired episodic recall in ASD and its relationship to specific impairments in aspects of "self awareness". Between-group…

Hare, Dougal Julian; Mellor, Christine; Azmi, Sabiha

2007-01-01

439

Factors conditioning effectiveness of a reminder\\/recall system to improve influenza vaccination in asthmatic children  

Microsoft Academic Search

In order to verify whether a telephone recall system directly managed by pediatricians who usually follow up children for their asthma is more effective than an anonymous recall system, we randomly assigned 285 asthmatic children (177 males; mean age 10.3±3.4 years) to one of three groups: those whose mothers were to be called by a pediatrician not previously involved in

Susanna Esposito; Claudio Pelucchi; Francesca Tel; Gabriella Chiarelli; Caterina Sabatini; Margherita Semino; Gian Luigi Marseglia; Domenico De Mattia; Nicola Principi

2009-01-01

440

Gender Differences in Preschool Children's Recall of Competitive and Noncompetitive Computer Mathematics Games  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated whether competitive and noncompetitive educational mathematics computer games influence four- to seven-year-old boys' and girls' recall of game-playing experience. A qualitative analysis was performed to investigate what preschool children may have learned through their selective recall of game-playing experience. A…

Wei, Fang-Yi Flora; Hendrix, Katherine Grace

2009-01-01

441

Repeated recall: A new model and tests of its generality from childhood to old age  

Microsoft Academic Search

Describes a theory of human memory and formalizes it as a Markov model, tailored to predict sequences of recalls and forgets over successive attempts to remember a set of items. The memory processes governing the recall of an item are formalized as a probability of initial storage and as 4 memory functions, each providing a formal account of a certain

Alex C. Wilkinson; Ronald Koestler

1983-01-01

442

Scoring Recalls for L2 Readers of English in China: Pausal or Idea Units  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Written recall may be a powerful tool used to address reading deficiencies in China. With 180 students enrolled in a third-year English class at a large university in northeastern China, the present investigation studies the relationship between pausal and idea units used to codify written recalls, and it investigates whether the strength of the…

Brantmeier, Cindy; Strube, Michael; Yu, Xiucheng

2014-01-01

443

Hypnosis Enhances Recall Memory: A Test of Forced and Non-Forced Conditions  

Microsoft Academic Search

Visual memory recall in hypnosis was investigated. To address criterion shift problems in previous studies, both forced and non-forced recall procedures were used. Previous methodological weaknesses with regard to hypnotizability and hypnotic depth were also addressed. Over 300 volunteers were screened for hypnotizability using the Harvard Group Scale of Hypnotic Susceptibility: Form A (Shor & Orne, 1962). Final high and

Diane Fligstein; Arreed Barabasz; Marianne Barabasz; Michael S. Trevisan; Dennis Warner

1998-01-01

444

1 Memory Retrieval The same memory can be recalled or not depending on..?  

E-print Network

1 Memory Retrieval The same memory can be recalled or not depending on..? Measures of memory studied for only 6 seconds each! 8 Sensitivity If a memory is "in there", which test will most likely get at it? Measures of memory retrieval from hardest to easiest: 1. Free recall (general cue: "that list

O'Reilly, Randall C.

445

77 FR 55605 - Early Warning Reporting, Foreign Defect Reporting, and Motor Vehicle and Equipment Recall...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...depth of vehicle applications. We would be interested in learning, for example, if vehicle manufacturer VIN-driven recalls...clearly as it could have been and that could impact an owner's motivation to react positively to a recall notification. GAO...

2012-09-10

446

Phonological and Lexical Effects in Verbal Recall by Children with Specific Language Impairments  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background & Aims: The present study examined how phonological and lexical knowledge influences memory in children with specific language impairments (SLI). Previous work showed recall advantages for typical adults and children due to word frequency and phonotactic pattern frequency and a recall disadvantage due to phonological similarity among…

Coady, Jeffry A.; Mainela-Arnold, Elina; Evans, Julia L.

2013-01-01

447

Singers' Recall for the Words and Melody of a New, Unaccompanied Song  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The nature of the relationship between words and music in memory has been studied in a variety of ways, from investigations of listeners' recall for the words of songs stored in long-term memory to recall for novel information set to unfamiliar melodies. We asked singers to perform an unaccompanied song from memory following deliberate learning…

Ginsborg, Jane; Sloboda, John A.

2007-01-01

448

Improving Reasoning and Recall: The Differential Effects of Elaborative Interrogation and Mnemonic Elaboration.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Fifty-three adolescents with learning disabilities or mild mental retardation were taught reasons for dinosaur extinction. Those taught in a mnemonic elaborative interrogation condition recalled more reasons than did students who received direct teaching. Students in elaborative interrogation and mnemonic elaborative interrogation groups recalled

Scruggs, Thomas E.; And Others

1993-01-01

449