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1

Accuracy of Energy Intake Data Estimated by a Multiplepass, 24-hour Dietary Recall Technique  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective This study examined the accuracy of a multiplepass, 24 hour dietary recall method for estimating energy intakes of men and women by comparing it with energy intake required for weight maintenance.Design Threeday, multiplepass, 24-hour recalls were obtained on randomly selected days during a selfselected diet period when subjects were preparing their own meals and during a controlled diet period

SATYA S JONNALAGADDA; DIANE C MITCHELL; HELEN SMICIKLAS-WRIGHT; KATE B MEAKER; NANCY VAN HEEL; WAHIDA KARMALLY; ABBY G ERSHOW; PENNY M KRIS-ETHERTON

2000-01-01

2

Standardization of the 24-hour diet recall calibration method used in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC): general concepts and preliminary results  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objectives: Despite increasing interest in the concept of calibration in dietary surveys, there is still little experience in the use and standardization of a common reference dietary method, especially in international studies. In this paper, we present the general theoretical framework and the approaches developed to standardize the computer-assisted 24 h diet recall method (EPIC-SOFT) used to collect about 37

N. Slimani; P. Ferrari; M. Ocké; A. Welch; H Boeing; M van Liere; V Pala; P Amiano; A Lagiou; I Mattisson; C Stripp; D Engeset; R Charrondière; M Buzzard; W van Staveren; E Riboli

2000-01-01

3

Measuring physical activity in field studies: Comparison of a questionnaire, 24-hour recall and an accelerometer  

Microsoft Academic Search

In a field setting, we compared a physical activity questionnaire (SQUASH), a 24-hour recall measure (Physical Activity Scale; PAS), and an accelerometer to: (1) quantify the amount of time spent in light, moderate, and vigorous physical activity; (2) calculate activity scores; and (3) categorize participants by physical activity tertiles. For 7 consecutive days, 103 participants (61% males, 39% females; mean

Lydia Kwak; Stef P. J. Kremers; Johannes Brug; Marleen A. Van Baak

2007-01-01

4

Validity of the 24-hour recall method in infancy: the Leiden Pre-School Children Study.  

PubMed

In the Leiden Pre-School Children Study the 24-hour recall method was used to determine the energy and nutrient intake of children from four to 28 months. A validation study was carried out in order to get insight into the validity of the collected dietary data. In the first part of the study the validity of the Dutch food table, supplemented with data on commercial babyfoods, was tested. The calculated average energy and nutrient intake of 111 six-month-old non-breastfed infants was compared with the results of chemical analysis of an equivalent composite corresponding with the average food intake of these children. With the exception of calcium and phosphorus the difference between the calculated and analysed values was less than 5%. Secondly the 24-hour recall was validated against the duplicate portion technique among 41 six-month-old non-breastfed infants. With the exception of sodium and iron, energy and nutrient intake data calculated from the 24-hour recall were significantly higher than those obtained after chemical analysis of the duplicate portions. However, on a relative level the results of the 24-hour recall and the duplicate portion technique corresponded very well. These results suggest that for infants a systematic difference exists between both methods. PMID:3384539

Horst, C H; Obermann-De Boer, G L; Kromhout, D

1988-03-01

5

Using Encoding and Retrieval Strategies to Improve 24-hour Dietary Recalls Among Older Adults  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective To examine whether using an encoding strategy and\\/or providing more support at the time of retrieval improves the accuracy of 24-hour dietary recalls among the elderly.Design Posttest-only control group design.Setting The sample was recruited through advertisements and at senior centers and a low-income apartment building in rural central Pennsylvania.Subjects Study participants were 21 men and 73 women aged 58

R. BETHENE ERVIN; HELEN SMICIKLAS-WRIGHT

1998-01-01

6

Low adherence to exclusive breastfeeding in Eastern Uganda: A community-based cross-sectional study comparing dietary recall since birth with 24-hour recall  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Exclusive breastfeeding is recommended as the best feeding alternative for infants up to six months and has a protective effect against mortality and morbidity. It also seems to lower HIV-1 transmission compared to mixed feeding. We studied infant feeding practices comparing dietary recall since birth with 24-hour dietary recall. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey on infant feeding practices was performed

Ingunn Marie S Engebretsen; Henry Wamani; Charles Karamagi; Nulu Semiyaga; James Tumwine; Thorkild Tylleskär

2007-01-01

7

Formative research of a quick list for an automated self-administered 24-Hour dietary recall  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Twenty-four-hour dietary recalls are used to collect high-quality dietary data. Because they require highly trained interviewers, recalls are expensive and impractical for large-scale nutrition research, leading to the use of food frequency questionnaires. We are developing a computer-based, self-ad...

8

EFFECT OF DIETARY RESTRAINT AND DISINHIBITION ON 24-HOUR RECALL ACCURACY.  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Because of the need to test methods of dietary assessment for accuracy, we tested the ability of an ethnically diverse population to recall food intake. We observed food intake for one day in African-American (AA) and Caucasian-American (CA) male (M) and female (F) subjects. They selected all meals ...

9

Dietary Restraint and Disinhibition Do Not Affect Accuracy of 24Hour Recall in a Multiethnic Population  

Microsoft Academic Search

Some psychological predictors of eating behaviors have been shown to affect usefulness of methods for dietary assessment. Therefore, this study was conducted to determine the association of dietary restraint and disinhibition with dietary recall accuracy for total energy, fat, carbohydrate, and protein. In a cross-sectional study, data were obtained from 79 male and 71 female non-Hispanic whites and African-American volunteers.

Jamy D. Ard; Renee Ann Desmond; David B. Allison; Joan Marie Conway

2006-01-01

10

Low adherence to exclusive breastfeeding in Eastern Uganda: A community-based cross-sectional study comparing dietary recall since birth with 24-hour recall  

PubMed Central

Background Exclusive breastfeeding is recommended as the best feeding alternative for infants up to six months and has a protective effect against mortality and morbidity. It also seems to lower HIV-1 transmission compared to mixed feeding. We studied infant feeding practices comparing dietary recall since birth with 24-hour dietary recall. Methods A cross-sectional survey on infant feeding practices was performed in Mbale District, Eastern Uganda in 2003 and 727 mother-infant (0–11 months) pairs were analysed. Four feeding categories were made based on WHO's definitions: 1) exclusive breastfeeding, 2) predominant breastfeeding, 3) complementary feeding and 4) replacement feeding. We analyzed when the infant fell into another feeding category for the first time. This was based on the recall since birth. Life-table analysis was made for the different feeding categories and Cox regression analysis was done to control for potential associated factors with the different practices. Prelacteal feeding practices were also addressed. Results Breastfeeding was practiced by 99% of the mothers. Dietary recall since birth showed that 7% and 0% practiced exclusive breastfeeding by 3 and 6 months, respectively, while 30% and 3% practiced predominant breastfeeding and had not started complementary feeding at the same points in time. The difference between the 24-hour recall and the recall since birth for the introduction of complementary feeds was 46 percentage points at two months and 59 percentage points at four months. Prelacteal feeding was given to 57% of the children. High education and formal marriage were protective factors against prelacteal feeding (adjusted OR 0.5, 0.2 – 1.0 and 0.5, 0.3 – 0.8, respectively). Conclusion Even if breastfeeding is practiced at a very high rate, the use of prelacteal feeding and early introduction of other food items is the norm. The 24-hour recall gives a higher estimate of exclusive breastfeeding and predominant breastfeeding than the recall since birth. The 24-hour recall also detected improper infant feeding practices especially in the second half year of life. The dietary recall since birth might be a feasible alternative to monitor infant feeding practices in resource-poor settings. Our study reemphasizes the need for improving infant feeding practices in Eastern Uganda.

Engebretsen, Ingunn Marie S; Wamani, Henry; Karamagi, Charles; Semiyaga, Nulu; Tumwine, James; Tylleskar, Thorkild

2007-01-01

11

Energy and nutrient intake of Tongan adults estimated by 24-hour recall: the importance of local food items.  

PubMed

Tongan adults show one of the highest prevalences of obesity in the world. The present study aims to estimate Tongans' energy and nutrient intakes and food sources using a 24-hour recall survey for 14 days targeting 15 men and 19 women. The mean (SD) daily energy intake was 12.2 (2.3) MJ for men and 10.6 (2.2) MJ for women. Imported foods accounted for about half of their energy and macronutrient intakes, but for much less of their micronutrients. Some local food items, specifically pork, kava, and sea hare, contributed significantly to their vitamin, Fe, and Ca intakes, respectively. These findings suggest that heavy reliance on imported foods can lead not only to a high prevalence of obesity, but also to micronutrient deficiencies. PMID:21888600

Konishi, Shoko; Watanabe, Chiho; Umezaki, Masahiro; Ohtsuka, Ryutaro

12

Repeated 24-hour recalls versus dietary records for estimating nutrient intakes in a national food consumption survey  

PubMed Central

Background The methodology used in the first Belgian food consumption survey followed to a large extent the instructions of the European Food Consumption (EFCOSUM) reports, where repeated 24-hour recalls (24HR) using EPIC-SOFT were recommended. Objectives To evaluate the relative validity of two non-consecutive 24HR using EPIC-SOFT by comparison with 5-day estimated dietary records (EDR). To assess misreporting in energy for both methods by comparing energy intake with energy expenditure from accelerometery in a subsample. Design A total of 175 subjects (aged 15 and over) were recruited to participate in the study. Repeated 24HR were performed with an interval of 2–8 weeks. After completion of the second interview, subjects were instructed to keep an EDR. Dietary intakes were adjusted for within-person variability to reflect usual intakes. A Student's t-test was calculated to assess differences between both methods. Spearman and Kappa correlation coefficients were used to investigate agreement. Results In total, 127 subjects completed the required repeated 24HR, as well as the five record days. From 76 participants, accelerometer data were available. In both methods, about 35% of participants had ratios of Energy Intake/Total Energy Expenditure (EI/TEE) above or below 95% confidence intervals for EI/TEE, suggesting misreporting of energy. Significant differences between the two dietary intake methods were found for total energy, total fat, fatty acids, cholesterol, alcohol, vitamin C, thiamine, riboflavin and iron. In general, intakes from 24HR were higher compared to EDR. Correlation coefficients for all nutrients ranged from 0.16 for thiamine to 0.70 for water. Conclusions The results from this study show that in the context of nutritional surveillance, duplicate 24HR can be used to asses intakes of protein, carbohydrates, starch, sugar, water, potassium and calcium.

De Keyzer, Willem; Huybrechts, Inge; De Vriendt, Veerle; Vandevijvere, Stefanie; Slimani, Nadia; Van Oyen, Herman; De Henauw, Stefaan

2011-01-01

13

VALIDATION OF THREE FOOD FREQUENCY QUESTIONNAIRES AND 24-HOUR RECALLS WITH SERUM CAROTENOID LEVELS IN A SAMPLE OF AFRICAN-AMERICAN ADULTS.  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

The validity of self-reported fruit and vegetable intake in minority populations has not been adequately established. In this study, the authors examined the association of three food frequency questionnaires (FFQs) and 24-hour dietary recalls with serum carotenoid levels. Approximately 1,000 Africa...

14

Validation of Three Food Frequency Questionnaires and 24Hour Recalls with Serum Carotenoid Levels in a Sample of African-American Adults  

Microsoft Academic Search

The validity of self-reported fruit and vegetable intake in minority populations has not been adequately established. In this study, the authors examined the association of three food frequency questionnaires (FFQs) and 24-hour dietary recalls with serum carotenoid levels. Approximately 1,000 African-American adults recruited from 15 churches in Atlanta, Georgia (1997-1998) completed three fruit and vegetable FFQs: a seven-item instrument assessing

Kenneth Resnicow; Erica Odom; Terry Wang; William N. Dudley; Diane Mitchell; Roger Vaughan; Alice Jackson; Thomas Baranowski

15

Validation of the Multiplepass 24-hour Dietary Recall in Young Children; In-person Vs. Telephone Administered Interviews  

Microsoft Academic Search

LEARNING OUTCOME: To examine the effectiveness of two different methods (telephone vs. in-person) of collecting energy intake data using the multiple-pass 24-hour dietaryWhen considering the growing problem of childhood obesity, it is important to be able to accurately measure both sides of the energy balance equation (energy intake and energy expenditure). This study examined the intake portion of the equation

C. L. Hajduk; P. Driscoll; RK Johnson; MI Goran

1996-01-01

16

DIETARY RESTRAINT AND DISINHIBITION DO NOT AFFECT THE ACCURACY OF 24-HOUR RECALL IN A MULTIETHNIC POPULATION  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Some psychological predictors of eating behaviors have been shown to affect usefulness of methods for dietary assessment. Therefore this study was conducted to determine the association of dietary restraint and disinhibition with recall accuracy for total energy (E), fat (FAT), carbohydrate (CHO), ...

17

The validity of a structured interactive 24-hour recall in estimating energy and nutrient intakes in 15-month-old rural Malawian children.  

PubMed

This study aimed to compare the nutritional intake values among 15-month-old rural Malawian children obtained by weighed food record (WFR) with those obtained by modified 24-hour recall (mod 24-HR), and to develop algorithm for adjusting mod 24-HR values so as to predict mean intake based on WFRs. The study participants were 169 15-month-old children who participated in a clinical trial. Food consumption on one day was observed and weighed (established criterion) by a research assistant to provide the estimates of energy and nutrient intakes. On the following day, another research assistant, blinded to the direct observation, conducted the structured interactive 24-hour recall (24-HR) interview (test method). Paired t-tests and scatter-plots were used to compare intake values of the two methods. The structured interactive 24-HR method tended to overestimate energy and nutrient intakes (each P < 0.001). The regression-through-the-origin method was used to develop adjustment algorithms. Results showed that multiplying the mean energy, protein, fat, iron, zinc and vitamin A intake estimates based on the test method by 0.86, 0.80, 0.68, 0.69, 0.72 and 0.76, respectively, provides an approximation of the mean values based on WFRs. PMID:21323866

Thakwalakwa, Chrissie M; Kuusipalo, Heli M; Maleta, Kenneth M; Phuka, John C; Ashorn, Per; Cheung, Yin Bun

2011-02-15

18

Urine 24-hour volume  

MedlinePLUS

Urine volume; 24-hour urine collection ... A 24-hour urine sample is needed. On day 1, urinate into the toilet when you get up in ... urine in a special container for the next 24 hours. On day 2, urinate into the container ...

19

Computerized portion size estimation compared to multiple 24-hour dietary recalls for measurement of fat, fruit, and vegetable intake in overweight adults  

PubMed Central

Validated self-report methods of dietary assessment exist, and might be improved both in terms of accuracy and cost-efficiency with computer technology. The objectives of this preliminary study were to develop an initial version of an interactive CD-ROM program to estimate fruit, vegetable, and fat intake, and to compare it to multiple 24-hour dietary recalls (24HR; averaged over 3 days). In 2009, overweight male and female adults (N = 205) from Lane County, OR completed computerized and paper versions of fruit, vegetable, and fat screening instruments, and multiple 24HR. Summary scores from the ten-item NCI Fruit and Vegetable Scan (FVS) and the 18-item Block Fat Screener (BFS) were compared to multiple 24HR-derived fruit/vegetable and fat intake estimates (criterion measures). Measurement models were used to derive deattenuated correlations with multiple 24HR of paper and CD-ROM administrations of FVS fruit intake, FVS vegetable intake, FVS fruit and vegetable intake, and BFS fat intake. The computerized assessment and paper surveys were related to multiple 24HR-derived fruit/vegetable and fat intake. Deattenuated correlation coefficients ranged from 0.50 to 0.73 (all P ?0.0001). The CD-ROM-derived estimate of fruit intake was more closely associated with the 24HR (r=0.73) than the paper-derived estimate (r=0.54; P<.05), but the other comparisons did not differ significantly. Findings from this preliminary study with overweight adults indicate the need for further enhancements to the CD-ROM assessment and more extensive validation studies.

Toobert, Deborah J.; Strycker, Lisa A.; Hampson, Sarah E.; Westling, Erika; Christiansen, Steven M.; Hurley, Thomas G.; Hebert, James R.

2011-01-01

20

Comparison of estimated energy intake from 2x24-hour recalls and a seven-day food record with objective measurements of energy expenditure in children  

PubMed Central

Objective The objective of the present study was to evaluate energy intake (EI) estimated from two non-consecutive 24-hour recalls (24-HDRs) and a pre-coded seven-day food record (7-dFR) against objective measurements of energy expenditure (EE) in children. Design A total of 67 7–8 year-olds and 64 12–13 year-olds completed the 2×24-HDRs, the 7-dFR, and wore ActiReg® (PreMed AS, Oslo, Norway), a combined position and motion recording instrument, during the same seven days as the 7-dFR was filled in. Results In the 7–8 year-olds, EI from the 2×24-HDRs (EI2×24-HDR) was overestimated with 3% compared to EE (not significantly different), while EI from the 7-dFR (EI7-dFR) was underestimated with 7% compared to EE (P=0.001). In the 12–13 year-olds, the corresponding figures was underestimation by 10% with the 2×24-HDRs (P<0.001) and by 20% with the 7-dFR (P<0.001). For both age groups combined, the 95% limits of agreement were ?4·38 and 3.52 MJ/d for the 2×24-HDRs, and ?5.90 and 2.94 MJ/d for the 7-dFR. Pearson correlation coefficients between EI and EE were 0.51 for EI2×24-HDR and 0.29 for EI7-dFR, respectively. The proportion classified in the same or adjacent quartiles was 76% for EI2×24-HDR and 73% for EI7-dFR in the 7–8 year-olds, and 83% for EI2×24-HDR and 70% for EI7-dFR in the 12–13 year-olds. Conclusion Misreporting of EI seemed modest with both the 2×24-HDRs and the 7-dFR in the 7–8 year-olds when compared to EE measured with ActiReg®. Under-reporting appeared to be more evident in the 12–13 year-olds, especially with the 7-dFR. Compared to measurements of EE, the 2×24-HDRs seemed to perform slightly better than the 7-dFR in terms of ranking of individuals according to EI.

Rothausen, Berit W.; Matthiessen, Jeppe; Groth, Margit V.; Brockhoff, Per B.; Andersen, Lene F.; Trolle, Ellen

2012-01-01

21

High Levels of Low Energy Reporting on 24Hour Recalls and Three Questionnaires in an Elderly Low-Socioeconomic Status Population1,2  

Microsoft Academic Search

Studies of low energy reporting in the elderly are limited, yet changes in energy balance and the incidence of chronic disease make this a critical time to assess energy intake in this population. The objective of this study was to assess low energy reporting on 24-h recalls (24HR), a FFQ, a picture sort FFQ (PSFFQ), and a meal pattern questionnaire

Janet A. Tooze; Mara Z. Vitolins; Shannon L. Smith; Thomas A. Arcury; Cralen C. Davis; Ronny A. Bell; Robert F. DeVellis; Sara A. Quandt

22

Association between 24-hour urine sodium and potassium excretion and diet quality in six-year-old children: a cross sectional study  

PubMed Central

Background Limited data is available on sodium (Na) and potassium (K) intake in young children estimated by 24 hour (24h) excretion in urine. The aim was to assess 24h urinary excretion of Na and K in six-year-old children and its relationship with diet quality. Methods The study population was a subsample of a national dietary survey, including six-year-old children living in the greater Reykjavik area (n=76). Three day weighed food records were used to estimate diet quality. Diet quality was defined as adherence to the Icelandic food based dietary guidelines. Na and K excretion was analyzed from 24h urine collections. PABA check was used to validate completeness of urine collections. The associations between Na and K excretion and diet quality were estimated by linear regression, adjusting for gender and energy intake. Results Valid urine collections and diet registrations were provided by 58 children. Na and K excretion was, mean (SD), 1.64 (0.54) g Na/24h (approx. 4.1 g salt/24h) and 1.22 (0.43) g K/24h. In covariate adjusted models Na excretion decreased by 0.16 g Na/24h (95% CI: 0.31, 0.06) per 1-unit increase in diet quality score (score range: 1–4) while K excretion was increased by 0.18 g K/24h (95% CI: 0.06, 0.29). Conclusions Na intake, estimated by 24h urinary excretion was on average higher than recommended. Increased diet quality was associated with lower Na excretion and higher K excretion in six-year-old children.

2012-01-01

23

Estimated dietary intakes of flavonols, flavanones and flavones in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC) 24 hour dietary recall cohort.  

PubMed

Flavonols, flavanones and flavones (FLAV) are sub-classes of flavonoids that exert cardioprotective and anti-carcinogenic properties in vitro and in vivo. We aimed to estimate the FLAV dietary intake, their food sources and associated lifestyle factors in ten European countries participating in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC) study. FLAV intake and their food sources for 36 037 subjects, aged between 35 and 74 years, in twenty-seven study centres were obtained using standardised 24 h dietary recall software (EPIC-SOFT). An ad hoc food composition database on FLAV was compiled using data from US Department of Agriculture and Phenol-Explorer databases and was expanded using recipes, estimations and flavonoid retention factors in order to increase its correspondence with the 24 h dietary recall. Our results showed that the highest FLAV-consuming centre was the UK health-conscious group, with 130·9 and 97·0 mg/d for men and women, respectively. The lowest FLAV intakes were 36·8 mg/d in men from Umeå and 37·2 mg/d in women from Malmö (Sweden). The flavanone sub-class was the main contributor to the total FLAV intake ranging from 46·6 to 52·9 % depending on the region. Flavonols ranged from 38·5 to 47·3 % and flavones from 5·8 to 8·6 %. FLAV intake was higher in women, non-smokers, increased with level of education and physical activity. The major food sources were citrus fruits and citrus-based juices (especially for flavanones), tea, wine, other fruits and some vegetables. We concluded that the present study shows heterogeneity in intake of these three sub-classes of flavonoids across European regions and highlights differences by sex and other sociodemographic and lifestyle factors. PMID:21679483

Zamora-Ros, Raul; Knaze, Viktoria; Luján-Barroso, Leila; Slimani, Nadia; Romieu, Isabelle; Fedirko, Veronika; de Magistris, Maria Santucci; Ericson, Ulrica; Amiano, Pilar; Trichopoulou, Antonia; Dilis, Vardis; Naska, Androniki; Engeset, Dagrun; Skeie, Guri; Cassidy, Aedin; Overvad, Kim; Peeters, Petra H M; Huerta, José María; Sánchez, María-José; Quirós, J Ramón; Sacerdote, Carlotta; Grioni, Sara; Tumino, Rosario; Johansson, Gerd; Johansson, Ingegerd; Drake, Isabel; Crowe, Francesca L; Barricarte, Aurelio; Kaaks, Rudolf; Teucher, Birgit; Bueno-de-Mesquita, H Bas; van Rossum, Caroline T M; Norat, Teresa; Romaguera, Dora; Vergnaud, Anne-Claire; Tjønneland, Anne; Halkjær, Jytte; Clavel-Chapelon, Françoise; Boutron-Ruault, Marie-Christine; Touillaud, Marina; Salvini, Simonetta; Khaw, Kay-Thee; Wareham, Nicholas; Boeing, Heiner; Förster, Jana; Riboli, Elio; González, Carlos A

2011-06-17

24

24-hour urinary aldosterone excretion rate  

MedlinePLUS

The 24-hour urinary aldosterone excretion rate test measures the amount of aldosterone removed in the urine in a ... A 24-hour urine sample is needed. On day 1, urinate into the toilet when you get up in ...

25

Comparison of a web-based versus traditional diet recall among children  

PubMed Central

Self-administered instruments offer a low-cost diet assessment method for use in adult and pediatric populations. This study tested whether eight to 13 year old children could complete an early version of the Automated Self Administered 24 (ASA24) hour dietary recall and how this compared to an interviewer-administered 24-hour dietary recall (24 HDR). One-hundred and twenty eight to13 year old children were recruited in Houston from June through August 2009, and randomly assigned to complete either the ASA24 or an interviewer-administered 24 HDR, followed by the other recall mode covering the same time interval. Multivariate analysis of variance, testing for differences by age, gender and ethnic/racial group, were applied to percentages of food matches, intrusions, and omissions between reports on the ASA24 and the interviewer-administered 24 HDR. For the ASA24, qualitative findings were reported regarding ease of use. Overall matches between interviewer-administered and ASA24 self-administered 24 HDR was 47.8 percent. Matches were significantly lower among younger (eight to nine year old), compared to older (10 to 13 year old) children. Omissions on ASA24 (18.9 percent overall) were most common among eight year olds and intermediate among nine year olds. Eight and nine year olds had substantial difficulties and often required aid in completing ASA24. Findings from this study suggest that a simpler version of a web-based diet recall program would be easier for children to use.

Baranowski, Tom; Islam, Noemi; Baranowski, Janice; Martin, Shelby; Beltran, Alicia; Dadabhoy, Hafza; Adame, Su-heyla; Watson, Kathleen B.; Thompson, Debbe; Cullen, Karen W.; Subar, Amy F.

2012-01-01

26

Response to inhaled histamine and 24 hour sodium excretion.  

PubMed Central

A relation between the prevalence of asthma and economic development has been suggested by studies in migrants and other surveys in developing countries. That this correlation might be partially explained by an increased intake of salt in the diet is supported by the observation that sales of table salt in the different regions of England and Wales are independently correlated with mortality from asthma for men and for children. As part of a wider survey of asthma 138 men living in two Hampshire villages and aged 18-64 were given a bronchial histamine challenge test and had their 24 hour urinary excretion of sodium measured. Bronchial reactivity was strongly related to 24 hour excretion of sodium after allowing for the effects of age, atopy, and cigarette smoking, there being on average a 10-fold difference in reactivity over the 95% range of sodium excretion recorded in the study. The data suggest that a high sodium diet may potentiate bronchial reactivity.

Burney, P G; Britton, J R; Chinn, S; Tattersfield, A E; Platt, H S; Papacosta, A O; Kelson, M C

1986-01-01

27

Chimpanzee Urine Biochemic Alterations During 24 Hours of Restraint.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Chimpanzee response to 24 hours of restraint was measured by alteration in urine biochemic values. Values in four consecutive 6-hour urine collections are compared. The values are analyzed for significant deviations in relation to age, sex, urine volume, ...

R. A. Scott

1964-01-01

28

Effect of overtime work on 24-hour ambulatory blood pressure.  

PubMed

Recently, the adverse effects of long working hours on the cardiovascular systems of workers in Japan, including "Karoshi" (death from overwork), have been the focus of social concern. However, conventional methods of health checkups are often unable to detect the early signs of such adverse effects. To evaluate the influence of overtime work on the cardiovascular system, we compared 24-hour blood pressure measurements among several groups of male white-collar workers. As a result, for those with normal blood pressure and those with mild hypertension, the 24-hour average blood pressure of the overtime groups was higher than that of the control groups; for those who periodically did overtime work, the 24-hour average blood pressure and heart rate during the busy period increased. These results indicate that the burden on the cardiovascular system of white-collar workers increases with overtime work. PMID:8899576

Hayashi, T; Kobayashi, Y; Yamaoka, K; Yano, E

1996-10-01

29

PAQ database: KIHD 24-hour Total Physical Activity Record  

Cancer.gov

KIHD 24-hour Total Physical Activity Record In: Pereira MA, FitzGerald SJ, Gregg EW, Joswiak ML, Ryan WJ, Suminski RR, Utter AC, Zmuda JM. A collection of Physical Activity Questionnaires for health-related research. Med Sci Sports Exerc 1997 Jun;29(6

30

The Earth and Sky in a 24 Hour Day  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is an indoor and outdoor activity where students understand the distance the earth is from the sun. The students understand that the earth rotates on it's axis once in a 24 hour period thus providing us with day and night.

31

29 CFR 785.21 - Less than 24-hour duty.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...for less than 24 hours is working even though he is permitted to sleep or engage in other personal activities when not busy. A...for specified hours is working even though she is permitted to sleep when not busy answering calls. It makes no difference...

2013-07-01

32

Pineal Gland: 24Hour Rhythm in Norepinephrine Turnover  

Microsoft Academic Search

There is a 24-hour rhythm in the turnover of norepinephrine in sympathetic nerves innervating the pineal gland. This rhythm persists in blinded animals but is suppressed in normal rats by light. The rhythm in norepinephrine turnover generates the rhythms in pineal indoleamines and N-acetyltransferase.

Michael Brownstein; Julius Axelrod

1974-01-01

33

24 hour blood pressure monitoring in healthy and hypertensive children  

Microsoft Academic Search

24 Hour ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM) was performed to provide data on the normal daily blood pressure of healthy schoolchildren and on patients with hypertension. The subjects studied were 123 healthy schoolchildren with a mean (SD) age of 12.5 (1.6) years (range 9.5-14.5 years), 24 children with borderline or mild hypertension, 17 with renal hypertension and normal renal function,

G S Reusz; M Hóbor; T Tulassay; P Sallay; M Miltényi

1994-01-01

34

Ambulatory 24-hour esophageal pH monitoring  

Microsoft Academic Search

If 24-hour esophageal pH monitoring is to be a useful diagnostic tool, it must reliably discriminate gastroesophageal reflux patients despite daily variations in distal esophageal acid exposure. To address this issue, we studied 53 subjects (14 healthy normals, 14 esophagitis patients, and 25 patients with atypical symptoms) with two ambulatory pH tests performed within 10 days of each other. Intrasubject

G. J. Wiener; T. M. Morgan; J. B. Copper; D. O. Castell; J. W. Sinclair; J. E. Richter

1988-01-01

35

24-hour rehabilitation nursing: the proof is in the documentation.  

PubMed

For a facility to be classified as an inpatient rehabilitation facility (IRF), Medicare requires that the facility provide 24-hour rehabilitation nursing. Documentation is important because it helps determine the most appropriate site for the provision of care. Functional assessments are ongoing and should provide information about patients and which interventions are most appropriate; this allows for successful achievement of rehabilitation goals. Nurses must define the elements of a quality assessment based on the individual patient and then monitor findings and respond appropriately. Reimbursement is supported by measuring functional outcomes based on the initial assessment of patients. The final reimbursement, based on possible denial of a claim, is supported by documentation of the functional outcome in the medical record. Medicare contractors cannot observe the everyday interventions nurses use with patients, so they require documentation as proof. This article features examples of documentation that nurses can use to help meet the expectation of 24-hour nursing. Following through with these suggestions will not only help provide proof of 24-hour nursing, more accurate reimbursement, and the security of a full reimbursement, but ultimately will ensure quality rehabilitation services and care for patients. PMID:19475808

Hentschke, Pam

36

Intra-oral temperature variation over 24 hours.  

PubMed

This study aimed to investigate temperature variation at archwire sites adjacent to the maxillary right central incisor and first premolar, its correlation with ambient temperature, and the influence of inter-racial variation. Twenty young adult male subjects were randomly selected (13 Asian, seven Caucasian). Thermocouples were attached to the labial archwire component of custom-made orthodontic retainers at the two intra-oral sites. A third thermocouple measured ambient temperature. A data-logger recorded temperatures at 5-second intervals over a 24-hour period. Temperatures ranged from 5.6 to 58.5 degrees C at the incisor and from 7.9 to 54 degrees C at the premolar, with medians of 34.9 degrees C and 35.6 degrees C, respectively. Ambient temperature correlated poorly with the intra-oral temperatures. The Asian and Caucasian groups had significantly different temperature distributions. On average during the 24-hour period, temperatures at the incisor site were in the range of 33-37 degrees C for 79 per cent of the time, below it for 20 per cent, and above it for only 1 per cent of the time. Corresponding figures for the premolar site were 92, 6, and 2 per cent. At both archwire sites the most frequent temperatures were in the range of 35-36 degrees C. The data presented demonstrate that the temperature at sites on an archwire in situ varies considerably over a 24-hour period and that racial differences may exist. This information should be considered during the manufacture and use of temperature-sensitive orthodontic materials, in particular nickel-titanium archwires and springs. PMID:10407534

Moore, R J; Watts, J T; Hood, J A; Burritt, D J

1999-06-01

37

Validity of a Brazilian food frequency questionnaire against dietary recalls and estimated energy intake  

Microsoft Academic Search

Food frequency questionnaires are commonly used to obtain dietary information in epidemiological studies, but validity studies have primarily been performed in western countries situated in the Northern Hemisphere. A food frequency questionnaire for the Brazilian diet was developed based on a previous survey and expert decision. This questionnaire was compared with four 24-hour recalls among faculty and support staff at

R. Sichieri; J. E. Everhart

1998-01-01

38

Multiethnic/Minority Cohort Study of Diet and Cancer  

Cancer.gov

At entry to the cohort study, each participant completed a 26-page mail questionnaire that included an extensive quantitative diet history, as well as other demographic, medical, and lifestyle information. Multiple 24-hour diet recalls were collected on more than 2,000 of the participants in a calibration study designed to permit correction of nutrient intake estimates for measurement error.

39

Impact of Obesity on 24Hour Ambulatory Blood Pressure and Hypertension  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of the present study was to determine the relationship between body mass index (BMI) and parameters derived from 24-hour ambulatory blood pressure monitoring including mean 24-hour daytime and nighttime systolic and diastolic blood pressures, 24-hour daytime and nighttime pulse pressure, mean 24-hour daytime and nighttime heart rate, dipping and nondipping status. 3216 outpatient subjects who visited our hypertension

Vasilios Kotsis; Stella Stabouli; Marshall Bouldin; Annette Low; Savvas Toumanidis; Nikos Zakopoulos

2010-01-01

40

DIETARY SALT INTAKES IN ADULT NIGERIANS USING 24HOUR SODIUM  

Microsoft Academic Search

Several health problems have been linked with high dietary salt intake. Among these are systemic hypertension, gastric cancer, osteoporosis and their complications. It has also been suggested that moderation in salt consumption may prevent or reduce the morbidity and mortality associated with these conditions. The current level of dietary salt intake among Nigerians consuming traditional or western-type diets is not

41

Patient Compliance during 24-Hour Dual pH Probe Monitoring for Extraesophageal Reflux  

PubMed Central

Objective. During ambulatory 24-hour dual pH probe monitoring for suspected extraesophageal reflux (EER), patients are responsible for indicating relevant study events. Study interpretation relies on patient accuracy and compliance to test instructions. This study sought to explore patient compliance during pH probe monitoring and evaluated the utility of a Post-Evaluation Questionnaire as a clinical tool. Participants and Methods. Participants were prospectively studied during 24-hour dual pH probe monitoring. Participants used both a food diary and monitor settings to indicate relevant study events. Following pH testing, participants completed a Post-Evaluation Questionnaire regarding test experiences. Results. Eighty-two participants completed the study. Means and standard deviations were calculated for individual responses on the Post-Evaluation Questionnaire. Means indicate high participant accuracy for study events, and adherence to typical activities and diet over the testing period. Factor analysis was performed on the Post-Evaluation Questionnaire items and identified two factors: “typical experiences” and “times forgot.” Cronbach's alpha demonstrated acceptable reliability levels for questions related to “typical experiences,” but poor reliability for “times forgot” questions. Conclusions. Assessment of participant compliance during pH probe testing can quickly and easily be completed through a Post-Evaluation Questionnaire. Participant compliance can be assessed for improved study interpretation.

Musser, Joy; Kelchner, Lisa; Neils-Strunjas, Jean; Montrose, Marshall

2011-01-01

42

Chimpanzee Serum Biochemic Alterations During and Following 24 Hours of Restraint.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Chimpanzee response to 24 hours of restraint was measured by biochemic serum alterations. Serum values in blood drawn immediately before, immediately after, 24 hours post-, and for a limited number of cases, 7 days post-restraint, are compared. The values...

R. A. Scott

1964-01-01

43

Dissociated 24Hour Patterns of Somatotropin and Prolactin in Fatal Familial Insomnia  

Microsoft Academic Search

To assess the changes in the 24-hour profiles of serum somatotropin and prolactin levels during total disruption of the sleep\\/wake cycle sustained over several months, we studied 2 subjects affected by fatal familial insomnia, a rare disease characterized by selective thalamic degeneration that causes chronic sleep loss. Under standardized conditions and polysomnographic control, the patients underwent repeated 24-hour study sessions

Francesco Portaluppi; Pietro Cortelli; Patrizia Avoni; Luciana Vergnani; Paolo Maltoni; Anna Pavani; Emilia Sforza; Roberto Manfredini; Pasquale Montagna; Ignazio Roiter; Pierluigi Gambetti; Carmelo Fersini; Elio Lugaresi

1995-01-01

44

Estimating salt intake in a Caucasian population: can spot urine substitute 24-hour urine samples?  

PubMed

BACKGROUND: A simple and valid alternative for 24-hour urine collection to estimate populational 24-hour urinary sodium excretion would be desirable for monitoring sodium intake in populations. AIM: To assess the validity of the predicted 24-hour urinary sodium excretion using spot urine and two different prediction methods in a Danish population. METHODS: Overall, 473 Danish individuals provided a para-aminobenzoic acid-validated complete 24-hour urine collection and a spot urine sample. Data were collected in the DanThyr study (248 women aged 25-30 years and 60-65 years) and the Inter99 study (102 men and 113 women aged 30-60 years), respectively. The measured 24-hour urine sodium excretion was compared with the predicted 24-hour sodium excretion from a causal urine specimen, using both the Tanaka prediction method and a prediction model developed in a Danish population. RESULTS: The measured 24-hour sodium excretion (median, 5th to 95th percentile) was men 195 (110 to 360) and women 139 (61 to 258), whereas the predicted 24-hour sodium excretion for the Tanaka model was men 171 (117 to 222) and women 153 (92 to 228) and for the Danish model was men 207 (146 to 258); women 134 (103 to 163). The Spearman correlation between predicted and measured 24-hour sodium excretion was 0.39 and 0.49 for the Tanaka and the Danish model, respectively. For both prediction models, the proportion of individuals classified in the same or adjacent quintile was 74% for men and 64% for women. CONCLUSIONS: Both prediction models gave a reasonable classification of individuals according to their sodium excretion. However, the median daily sodium intake was estimated more precisely by the Danish model, especially among men. PMID:23559538

Toft, Ulla; Cerqueira, Charlotte; Andreasen, Anne Helms; Thuesen, Betina Heinsbæk; Laurberg, Peter; Ovesen, Lars; Perrild, Hans; Jørgensen, Torben

2013-04-01

45

Preclinical Toxicology of Nsc 1895 Administered By 24-Hour Infusion in Dogs. Part II.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

NSC 1895, Guanazole, Triazole 3, 5-diamino-s, which shows strong antitumor activity has been studied for preclinical toxicological effects following weekly 24-hour infusions in young adult beagle dogs. At all dosage levels, clinical signs of toxicity were...

P. E. Palm M. S. Nick C. J. Kensler D. A. Cooney R. D. Davis

1969-01-01

46

Immediacy, Convenience or Engagement? An analysis of 24-hour news channels in the UK  

Microsoft Academic Search

The article is based on the first systematic analysis of the output of 24-hour news channels in the UK. From a viewer's point of view, we argue, a 24-hour news channel can fulfil three main purposes: allowing someone to watch an up-to-date news bulletin whenever they wish; enabling a viewer to watch major live news events as they happen; or

Justin Lewis; Stephen Cushion; James Thomas

2005-01-01

47

Abbott Recalls Certain Similac® Brand Powder Infant ...  

Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition (CFSAN)

... If these symptoms persist for more than a few days, a physician should ... com/recall disclaimer icon or call Abbott's 24-hour a day consumer hotline ... More results from www.fda.gov/food/recallsoutbreaksemergencies/safetyalertsadvisories

48

24-hour urine collection in the metabolic evaluation of stone formers: is one study adequate?  

PubMed

Abstract Purpose: To determine whether one vs two 24-hour urine collections is optimal in the metabolic evaluation of nephrolithiasis. Methods: We retrospectively reviewed all 24-hour urine collections performed at our tertiary stone clinic from July 1997 to February 2012. We identified patients with two 24-hour urine collections performed ?10 days apart. Samples were analyzed by an outside laboratory for the standard urinary parameters. For each parameter, pairwise t tests were performed and Pearson correlation coefficients were calculated to compare samples 1 and 2. In addition, the number of cases that changed from normal to abnormal or vice versa was also evaluated for each parameter and the Kappa statistic was calculated. Results: A total of 813 subjects submitted two 24-hour urine collections ?10 days apart. Mean age was 53.2 years, and mean body mass index was 28.8?kg/m(2). Based on creatinine 24/kg, subset analysis was performed for all properly collected samples (n=236). Using pairwise t test, 24-hour urine volume (P=0.0365) and phosphorus (P=0.0387) showed a statistically significant difference between samples 1 and 2. None of the other urinary parameters demonstrated a statistically significant difference when means were compared (pairwise t test, P>0.05), (range 0.061-0.9983). Pearson correlation demonstrated a high degree of correlation between two 24-hour urines for all variables (r=0.66-0.95, each P<0.0001). Depending on the urinary parameter assessed, 5.5% to 44.9% of patients changed from normalcy to abnormality, or vice versa. Conclusions: A single 24-hour urine collection may have changed clinical decision making in up to 45% of patients. Therefore, we recommend two collections to optimize the diagnostic yield and appropriately target stone prevention strategies. PMID:22967013

Healy, Kelly A; Hubosky, Scott G; Bagley, Demetrius H

2013-02-14

49

Monitoring 24-hour blood pressure in a drug trial. Evaluation of a noninvasive device.  

PubMed

To test the usefulness of noninvasive ambulatory 24-hour blood pressure recording, the Del Mar Avionics system was used in a double-blind clinical trial in which 31 hypertensive patients were randomly allocated to receive placebo or pafenolol (25 mg or 50 mg), a novel, long-acting, highly selective beta-blocker, once daily. The results of 24-hour blood pressure and heart rate recording after 4 weeks of treatment were compared with a previous 24-hour recording performed after a 4-week placebo run-in period using the 3-hour mean of recordings performed every 7.5 minutes both day and night. Furthermore, 24-hour means were analyzed in each patient before and after 4 weeks. The system was easy to use and, judging from two placebo periods in the same patients, the reproducibility was good. The 24-hour blood pressure and heart rate recordings showed a clear dose-response relationship for pafenolol that could not be detected by ordinary casual readings. A daily dose of 25 mg of pafenolol significantly reduced blood pressure during the 9 hours after tablet intake (p less than 0.01), while 50 mg per day of pafenolol resulted in a significant reduction throughout the 24-hour period (p less than 0.01). The same pattern was seen for heart rate, which indicates a greater degree of beta-blockade during treatment with the higher dose. These results indicate that the tested noninvasive equipment is a useful tool for monitoring ambulatory 24-hour blood pressure. It gives important information impossible to obtain from single casual readings. This noninvasive method should be further evaluated to define its place in clinical work and as a research tool. PMID:4040887

Berglund, G; De Faire, U; Castenfors, J; Andersson, G; Hartford, M; Liedholm, H; Ljungman, S; Thulin, T; Wikstrand, J

50

Bravo! Recalls 2 lb Tubes of Chicken Blend-Raw Frozen Food Diet for Dogs and Cats (One Lot Code) Because of Possible Salmonella Health Risk  

NASA Website

Bravo! Raw Food Diet Chicken Blend for Dogs and Cats, product code: 21-102, batch ID code 6 14 12, because it has the potential to be contaminated with Salmonella. The recall involves 2 lb. Bravo! Chicken Blend frozen raw diet tubes (chubs) made ...

51

Food Consumption Patterns and Factors Affecting Food Choices, and Their Relationship to Vegetarianism, Dieting Status, and Body Mass Index in Female College Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

LEARNING OUTCOME: To relate the consumption pattern for 35 foods to taste, perceived healthfulness and perceived “fatteningness,”, and the relation of consumption patterns and qualities of these foods to vegetarianism, dieting status and body mass index.A self administered questionnaire concerning 35 frequently consumed foods, chosen from 24-hour recall data, was completed by 267 female college students. The data on consumption

E. H. Kim; T. N. Horner; V. Utermohlen

1997-01-01

52

The impact of dairy and sweetened beverage consumption on diet quality, nutrient intake, and weight of a multi-ethnic population of Head Start mothers  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

To assess the impact of milk and sweetened beverage (SwB) intake on diet and weight in Head Start mothers, three 24-hour dietary recalls were collected on 609 Black (43%), Hispanic (33%), or White (24%) women in AL and TX. Women were divided into four beverage consumption groups: low milk/high SwB, ...

53

24Hour Plasma Levels of Prolactin, Cortisol, Growth Hormone and Catecholamines in Schizophrenic Patients  

Microsoft Academic Search

The 24-hour pattern of prolactin, cortisol and growth hormone (GH) secretion, and the diurnal variations of plasma catecholamine levels, were tested in a sample of DSM III schizophrenics and in a control population of patients hospitalized in the same ward and diagnosed as suffering from neurotic disorders. All subjects were acclimated to the ward and kept free from any drug

D. Kemali; M. Maj; M. G. Ariano; F. Arena; N. Lovero

1985-01-01

54

The Three-Continent, 24-Hour Help Desk: An Academic First?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes Follow the Sun, a computer help-desk service that takes advantage of time differences around the world to permit four universities (University of Colorado Boulder, Australia's Macquarie and Newcastle universities, and the London School of Economics) to share services and provide 24-hour support to users. (EV)

Sykes, Jean

2002-01-01

55

The relationship between 24-hour ambulatory blood pressures and laboratory measures of cardiovascular reactivity  

Microsoft Academic Search

The relationship between 24-hour ambulatory blood pressures (ABP) and blood pressures (BP) obtained during laboratory stressors was examined. Thirty normotensives (equal males and females) underwent ABP monitoring on three occasions separated by a week. They also underwent a laboratory assessment which included standard stressors (i.e., mental arithmetic, cold pressor, orthostatic response, treadmill exercise). Correlational analyses found laboratory pressures to be

Peter J. Cornish; Edward B. Blanchard; James Jaccard

1994-01-01

56

Mood-Dependent Cognitive Change in a Man with Bipolar Disorder Who Cycles Every 24 Hours  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A case study of a bipolar patient whose mood changes every 24 hours is described to illustrate the changes in cognitive processing and content during different phases of bipolar disorder. The participant completed a battery of questionnaires and tasks on 4 separate occasions: twice when depressed and twice when manic. Depression tended to be…

Lam, Dominic; Mansell, Warren

2008-01-01

57

A Study to Develop Methodology for Feeding 24-Hour-Old Neonatal Swine for 3 Weeks  

Microsoft Academic Search

Pediatric evaluations are useful only when the animal model and human neonate have similar timing in system development. The objective of this study was to compare the growth of 24-hour-old swine provided 3 different feeding regimens of a simulated sow milk formula for 3 weeks. Three groups of three swine per sex were used. Group 1 was fed every 4

John Wedig; Mildred S. Christian; Alan Hoberman; Robert M. Diener; Rita Thomas-Wedig

2002-01-01

58

Migration patterns of peripherally inserted central venous catheters at 24 hours postinsertion in neonates.  

PubMed

Objective Migration of peripherally inserted central venous catheters (PICCs) is known to happen in neonates with changes in position of the upper limb. The aim of this study is to document the migration pattern of PICCs at 24 hours postinsertion, while controlling for arm position.Study Design This was a single-centered prospective study of 100 consecutively placed PICCs in a level III neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). All PICCs were inserted by one of two certified NICU nurses in either upper or lower limb. An X-ray was obtained immediately after insertion and again at 24 hours postinsertion; both were reviewed by a single pediatric radiologist.Results Of the PICCs placed in basilic veins, 35.5% migrated toward the heart, 14.5% migrated away from the heart, and 50% did not change in position. Of the PICCs placed in cephalic veins, 21% migrated toward the heart, 15.7% migrated away from the heart, and 63.3% did not change in position. None of the PICCs placed in the saphenous veins migrated.Conclusion After controlling for arm position, 47% of PICCs placed in the upper limb migrated at 24 hours postinsertion with 32.6% migrating toward the heart. We recommend a follow-up X-ray at 24 hours postinsertion for all catheters placed in the upper limb. PMID:23381907

Srinivasan, Hari B; Tjin-A-Tam, Ansel; Galang, Rupernina; Hecht, Alan; Srinivasan, Gopal

2013-02-04

59

Time Relations and Shape Variation for the Ground Track of 24-Hour Satellite.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The present study shows the time relation in describing sections of the ground track of a 24-hour satellite. The oscillation of an equatorial satellite is investigated and the dependence of the amplitude on eccentricity is shown. For elliptical inclined o...

P. Bielkowicz

1968-01-01

60

Analysis of 24-hour pulse wave velocity in patients with renal transplantation  

PubMed Central

The aim of our study was to assess the feasibility of using an approach to 24-hour pulse wave velocity (PWV) analysis similar to ambulatory blood pressure monitoring analysis in the management of patients with renal transplantation. Overall, 41 patients aged between 18 and 55 years who had end-stage renal disease resulting from glomerulopathy were recruited from the kidney transplant waiting list. All the measurements were performed before kidney transplantation and at 1 and 20 weeks after transplantation. The Pulse Time Index of Norm (PTIN) was calculated with the Vasotens® technology for the estimation of the 24-hour PWV, defined as the percentage of the 24-hour period during which the PWV does not exceed 10 m/second. Before kidney transplantation, the mean PTIN in the whole group was 56.3 (standard deviation, 18.4). Then, a week after the renal transplantation, a decrease in the PTIN was observed in most cases, going to 27.6 (standard deviation, 11.1). After 20 weeks, the mean PTIN in the whole group increased again to 52.0 (standard deviation, 23.6). In our study, we found that the persistence of arterial stiffness disturbances after kidney transplantation appears to be relatively predictable. We determined the cutoff value of PTIN that could predict the two states of PTIN: a state of improvement or a state of decline/without change. The cutoff value of PTIN at 45% had a sensitivity of 69%, specificity of 76%, and area under the curve of 0.65. The analysis of variance showed that in the group with an initial PTIN of 45% or higher, the PTIN in the remote period after transplantation changed significantly (P < 0.05), whereas in the group with an initial PTIN lower than 45%, there were no significant changes. Thus, the analysis of 24-hour pulse wave velocity in the management of patients with renal transplantation using PTIN is feasible.

Minyukhina, Irina E; Lipatov, Kirill S; Posokhov, Igor N

2013-01-01

61

Evaluation of a 12Lead Digital Holter System for 24Hour QT Interval Assessment  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: Drug induced QT prolongation may precipitate life threatening cardiac arrhythmias. Evaluation of the QT prolonging effect of new pharmaceutical agents in a ‘thorough QT\\/QTc study’ is being mandated by FDA. The purpose of this study was to evaluate an automated 12-lead digital Holter system for a thorough QT\\/QTc study. Methods: Five healthy volunteers underwent 24-hour digital Holter monitoring. Each

Janos Molnar; Vassant Ranade; Ivana Cvetanovic; Zita Molnar; John C. Somberg

2006-01-01

62

Transdermal nitroglycerin in cirrhosis. A 24-hour echo-Doppler study of splanchnic hemodynamics  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background\\/Aims: The present study was aimed to evaluate the 24-hour effect of transdermal nitroglycerin on splanchnic hemodynamics in cirrhotic patients.Methods: Hemodynamic parameters (blood velocity and resistance indexes) were determined by means of pulsed echo-Doppler, a non-invasive method which proved to be useful to evaluate the effects of drugs on splanchnic vessels. Nine patients with biopsy-proven liver cirrhosis were studied. They

Marco Zoli; Donatella Magalotti; Gino Ghigi; Giulio Marchesini; Emilio Pisi

1996-01-01

63

Measuring the systemic effects of inhaled beclomethasone: timed morning urine collections compared with 24 hour specimens  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND--Inhaled glucocorticoid therapy has systemic effects including hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) suppression. The optimal test for detecting these effects has not been defined. METHODS--Timed urine collections and 09.00 hour plasma cortisol levels were obtained from 12 normal volunteers receiving inhaled placebo, beclomethasone (BDP) 800 or 2000 micrograms\\/day. The 24 hour urine samples were collected as follows: first hour after waking (hour 1),

H D McIntyre; C A Mitchell; S D Bowler; J G Armstrong; J A Wooler; D M Cowley

1995-01-01

64

High-power potassium-titanyl-phosphate (KTP\\/532) laser vaporization prostatectomy: 24 hours later  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objectives. To study the feasibility and immediate postoperative outcome of vaporization prostatectomy by high-power potassium-titanyl-phosphate (KTP\\/532) laser in 10 men with bladder outlet obstruction due to benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) and to evaluate their clinical and voiding outcome 24 hours postoperatively.Methods. The KTP\\/532 laser at 60 W was produced by a prototype Laserscope generator and delivered through a side-deflecting fiber

Reza S. Malek; David M. Barrett; Randall S. Kuntzman

1998-01-01

65

Analysis of 24-hour pulse wave velocity in patients with renal transplantation.  

PubMed

The aim of our study was to assess the feasibility of using an approach to 24-hour pulse wave velocity (PWV) analysis similar to ambulatory blood pressure monitoring analysis in the management of patients with renal transplantation. Overall, 41 patients aged between 18 and 55 years who had end-stage renal disease resulting from glomerulopathy were recruited from the kidney transplant waiting list. All the measurements were performed before kidney transplantation and at 1 and 20 weeks after transplantation. The Pulse Time Index of Norm (PTIN) was calculated with the Vasotens® technology for the estimation of the 24-hour PWV, defined as the percentage of the 24-hour period during which the PWV does not exceed 10 m/second. Before kidney transplantation, the mean PTIN in the whole group was 56.3 (standard deviation, 18.4). Then, a week after the renal transplantation, a decrease in the PTIN was observed in most cases, going to 27.6 (standard deviation, 11.1). After 20 weeks, the mean PTIN in the whole group increased again to 52.0 (standard deviation, 23.6). In our study, we found that the persistence of arterial stiffness disturbances after kidney transplantation appears to be relatively predictable. We determined the cutoff value of PTIN that could predict the two states of PTIN: a state of improvement or a state of decline/without change. The cutoff value of PTIN at 45% had a sensitivity of 69%, specificity of 76%, and area under the curve of 0.65. The analysis of variance showed that in the group with an initial PTIN of 45% or higher, the PTIN in the remote period after transplantation changed significantly (P < 0.05), whereas in the group with an initial PTIN lower than 45%, there were no significant changes. Thus, the analysis of 24-hour pulse wave velocity in the management of patients with renal transplantation using PTIN is feasible. PMID:23843699

Minyukhina, Irina E; Lipatov, Kirill S; Posokhov, Igor N

2013-07-01

66

Association between Serum Leptin Levels and 24Hour Blood Pressure in Obese Women  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: To assess the relationship between serum leptin and 24-hour blood pressure (BP) in obese women, according to body fat distribution.Research Methods and Procedures: A cross-sectional study was carried out in a population of 70 nondiabetic, normotensive, obese women (40 with android and 30 with gynoid type of obesity) and 20 nonobese healthy women as a control group. All subjects

Maria T. Guagnano; Maria R. Manigrasso; Enzo Ballone; Rosanna Della Vecchia; Graziano Riccioni; Marina Marinopiccoli; Michele Nutini; Sergio Sensi; Giovanni Davì

2003-01-01

67

Intrathoracic Pressure Regulation Improves 24-Hour Survival in a Pediatric Porcine Model of Hemorrhagic Shock  

PubMed Central

Hemorrhagic shock is a common cause of mortality and morbidity in the pediatric population. Intrathoracic pressure regulation (IPR) lowers intrathoracic pressure thereby decreasing intracranial pressure and increasing venous return, cardiac output, and cerebral perfusion without the need for immediate fluid resuscitation. We hypothesized that IPR would improve hemodynamics and 24-hour survival in a pediatric porcine model of hemorrhagic shock. Twenty piglets were subjected to a 50% total blood volume hemorrhage over 15 minutes and then randomized to treatment with either IPR or no treatment. After 60 minutes, survivors were auto-transfused, weaned from the ventilator and assessed and autopsied at 24 hours. Mean arterial pressures (MAP), cardiac index (CI), and arterial blood gases were recorded. MAP (mmHg) was significantly higher in the IPR group (60.8 ± 3.7) vs. controls (41.2 ± 4.6, p<0.01). Mean CI (L/min/m2) was significantly higher with IPR (3.9 ± 0.24) vs. controls (2.5 ± 0.39, p<0.01). IPR survival rates were significantly improved with the IPR (9/9 (IPR) vs 5/11 (controls); p<0.02). In this piglet model of hemorrhagic shock, the IPR treatment safely and significantly improved MAP, CI and 24 hour survival rates.

Metzger, Anja; Matsuura, Timothy; McKnite, Scott; Marino, Bradley S.; Nadkarni, Vinay M.; Yannopoulos, Demetris

2011-01-01

68

"Simple febrile seizures plus (SFS+)": more than one febrile seizure within 24 hours is usually okay.  

PubMed

This study aimed to investigate whether children with recurrent febrile seizures within a 24-hour period need to be worked up differently from children with simple febrile seizures. Inclusion criteria included the following: (i) children with first seizure cluster between 4 months and 3 years of age, (ii) children who had more than one febrile seizure within 24 hours, and (iii) children who returned to baseline between and after each event. Thirty-two patients met the inclusion criteria over a 3-year period. All patients underwent brain CT and/or MRI and EEG. All head CTs were normal. Two children had abnormal MRI findings - both benign: one is thought to represent postictal changes, and the other one is an incidental arachnoid cyst. Of the 4 abnormal EEGs, one showed epileptiform discharges, while the others showed generalized ictal or postictal features. We propose the term "simple febrile seizures plus (SFS+)" to describe children who have more than one seizure within 24 hours but who are otherwise not different in presentation from children with SFS. PMID:23624109

Grill, Marie F; Ng, Yu-Tze

2013-04-24

69

Mechanical properties of the aortic arterial wall during 24 hours: a preliminary study in conscious sheep  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Previous experiences in animals showed a different behavior between the variability of pressure, arterial diameter and elasticity when they were registered for a couple of hours. To better understand arterial mechanics variability, we propose to measure simultaneously aortic pressure and diameter during 24 hours in a sheep. For that purpose, we developed a portable prototype device. It allows continuously recording physiological signals throughout the day and storing them in a solid state memory for later analysis. Pulse wave velocity and Peterson modulus were assessed beat-to-beat as arterial stiffness indexes. We identified 53,762 heart beats during 24 hours that were separated into 2 groups: below or above median mean pressure (71 mmHg). Mean diameter, pulse wave velocity and Peterson modulus increased for higher pressure values (p<0.05) whereas heart rate slowed down (p<0.05). Pressure-diameter loops were successfully recreated all along the experience. This new methodology sets the basis for further experiences involving the estimation of 24 hours arterial mechanics variability.

Graf, S.; Craiem, D.; Valero, M.; Alfonso, M.; Barra, J. G.; Armentano, R. L.

2011-12-01

70

Continuous 24-hour intraocular pressure monitoring for glaucoma--time for a paradigm change.  

PubMed

Glaucoma is the main cause of irreversible blindness and intraocular pressure (IOP) is its only modifiable risk factor. The importance of robust lowering of IOP for prevention of glaucoma onset and progression is well established. Although IOP is a dynamic parameter with individual circadian rhythms, current management usually relies on single IOP measurements during regular clinic hours performed a few times a year. Recent technological advances have provided clinicians with tools for continuous IOP monitoring during a 24 hour period in an ambulatory setting. There are two approaches being investigated. The first is permanent IOP monitoring through an implantable sensor and the other is temporary monitoring through a contact lens sensor. In this article, we discuss the shortcomings of the current gold standard for tonometry (Goldmann Applanation Tonometry) and the current experience with the first commercially available continuous 24 hour IOP monitoring technology (SENSIMED Triggerfish®); a telemetric contact lens sensor produced by a Swiss start-up company (Sensimed AG, Lausanne, Switzerland). Recent studies suggest that 24 hour continuous monitoring of IOP can be integrated into clinical practice and have the potential to contribute to the reduction of glaucoma-related vision loss. PMID:22457163

Mansouri, K; Weinreb, R

2012-03-28

71

Bravo! Issues a Voluntary Recall for Three Raw Frozen Food Diet for Dogs and Cats Because of Possible Salmonella Health Risk  

NASA Website

Bravo! is voluntarily recalling three of its raw diet frozen foods for dogs and cats: 5 lb tubes of Bravo! Chicken Balance product item code 21-405 with "best used by" dates of 3_6_15 and 3_12_15; 2 lb Bravo! Chicken Blend product item code ...

72

Influence of Overweight on 24-Hour Urine Chemistry Studies and Recurrent Urolithiasis in Children  

PubMed Central

Purpose We investigated the influence of overweight on 24-hour urine chemistry studies and recurrent urolithiasis (UL) in children. Materials and Methods A retrospective cohort study was designed to assess children who presented with UL at a pediatric institution between 1985 and 2010. We calculated body mass index percentile (BMIp) adjusted for gender and age according to the 2007 Korean Children and Adolescents Growth Chart and stratified the children into 3 BMI categories: lower body weight (LBW, BMIp?10), normal BW (NBW, 1024-hour urine chemistry studies did not differ significantly between the three groups. Mean urine citrate levels were lower (0.273±0.218 mg/mg/d vs. 0.429±0.299 mg/mg/d, p<0.05) and the incidence of hypocitraturia was higher (81.5% vs. 45.7%, p<0.05)) in the recurrent stone former group. In the univariate analysis, hypocitraturia and acidic urinary pH were risk factors, but in the multivariate analysis, only hypocitraturia was a risk factor for stone recurrence (hazard ratio, 3.647; 95% confidence interval, 1.047 to 12.703). In the Kaplan-Meier curve, the hypocitraturia group showed higher recurrence than did the normocitraturia group (p<0.05). Conclusions Unlike in adults, in children, overweight adjusted for gender and age was not associated with 24-hour urine chemistry studies and was not a risk factor for recurrent UL. Hypocitraturia was the only risk factor for UL in children.

Chung, Jae Dong; Kim, Tae-Hyoung; Myung, Soon Chul; Moon, Young Tae; Kim, Kyung Do

2012-01-01

73

Development of an artificial placenta IV: 24 hour venovenous extracorporeal life support in premature lambs.  

PubMed

An extracorporeal artificial placenta would change the paradigm of treating extremely premature infants. We hypothesized that a venovenous extracorporeal life support (VV-ECLS) artificial placenta would maintain fetal circulation, hemodynamic stability, and adequate gas exchange for 24 hours. A near-term neonatal lamb model (130 days; term = 145 days) was used (n = 9). The right jugular vein was cannulated for VV-ECLS outflow, and an umbilical vein was used for inflow. The circuit included a peristaltic roller pump and a 0.5 m(2) hollow fiber oxygenator. Lambs were maintained on VV-ECLS in an "amniotic bath" for up to 24 hours. Five of nine fetuses survived for 24 hours. In the survivors, average mean arterial pressure was 69 ± 10 mm Hg for the first 4 hours and 36 ± 8 mm Hg for the remaining 20 hours. The mean fetal heart rate was 202 ± 30. Mean VV-ECLS flow was 94 ± 20 ml/kg/min. Using a gas mixture of 50% O(2)/3% CO(2) and sweep flow of 1-2 L/min, the mean pH was 7.27 ± 0.09, with Po(2) of 35 ± 12 mm Hg and Pco(2) of 48 ± 12 mm Hg. Necropsy revealed a patent ductus arteriosus in all cases, and there was no gross or microscopic intracranial hemorrhage. Complications in failed attempts included technically difficult cannulation and multisystem organ failure. Future studies will enhance stability and address the factors necessary for long-term support. PMID:22370685

Gray, Brian W; El-Sabbagh, Ahmed; Rojas-Pena, Alvaro; Kim, Anne C; Gadepali, Samir; Koch, Kely L; Capizzani, Tony R; Bartlet, Robert H; Mychaliska, George B

74

Nutritional behavior of cyclists during a 24-hour team relay race: a field study report  

PubMed Central

Background Information about behavior of energy intake in ultra-endurance cyclists during a 24-hour team relay race is scarce. The nutritional strategy during such an event is an important factor which athletes should plan carefully before the race. The purpose of this study was to examine and compare the nutritional intake of ultra-endurance cyclists during a 24-hour team relay race with the current nutritional guidelines for endurance events. Additionally, we analyzed the relationship among the nutritional and performance variables. Methods Using a observational design, nutritional intake of eight males (mean ± SD: 36.7 ± 4.7 years; 71.6 ± 4.9 kg; 174.6 ± 7.3 cm; BMI 23.5 ± 0.5 kg/m2) participating in a 24-hour team relay cycling race was assessed. All food and fluid intake by athletes were weighed and recorded. Additionally, distance and speed performed by each rider were also recorded. Furthermore, before to the race, all subjects carried out an incremental exercise test to determine two heart rate-VO2 regression equations which were used to estimate the energy expenditure. Results The mean ingestion of macronutrients during the event was 943 ± 245 g (13.1 ± 4.0 g/kg) of carbohydrates, 174 ± 146 g (2.4 ± 1.9 g/kg) of proteins and 107 ± 56 g (1.5 ± 0.7 g/kg) of lipids, respectively. This amount of nutrients reported an average nutrient intake of 22.8 ± 8.9 MJ which were significantly lower compared with energy expenditure 42.9 ± 6.8 MJ (P = 0.012). Average fluid consumption corresponded to 10497 ± 2654 mL. Mean caffeine ingestion was 142 ± 76 mg. Additionally, there was no relationship between the main nutritional variables (i.e. energy intake, carbohydrates, proteins, fluids and caffeine ingestion) and the main performance variables (i.e. distance and speed). Conclusions A 24-hour hours cycling competition in a team relay format elicited high energy demands which were not compensated by energy intake of the athletes despite that dietary consumption of macronutrients did not differ to the nutritional guidelines for longer events.

2012-01-01

75

Nonspecificity of diffuse pulmonary uptake of /sup 67/Ga on 24-hour images  

SciTech Connect

Eighteen patients who underwent whole-body scintigraphy 24 and 48 hours after intravenous injection of /sup 67/Ga-citrate were evaluated retrospectively. At 24 hours, 7 of the 16 normal patients (44%) and both abnormal patients demonstrated significant pulmonary uptake. However, by 48 hours, only 2 normal patients (12%) remained positive, while both abnormal patients continued to show significant pulmonary activity. The authors conclude that 48-hour /sup 67/Ga images offer improved specificity and uncompromised sensitivity in patients with diffuse pulmonary disease.

Simon, T.R.; Li, J.; Hoffer, P.B.

1980-05-01

76

Deviation of innate circadian period from 24 hours reduces longevity in mice  

PubMed Central

Summary The variation of individual lifespans, even in highly inbred cohorts of animals and under strictly controlled environmental conditions, is substantial and not well understood. This variation in part could be due to epigenetic variation, which later affects the animal’s physiology and ultimately longevity. Identification of the physiological properties that impact health and lifespan is crucial for longevity research and the development of anti-aging therapies. Here we measured individual circadian and metabolic characteristics in a cohort of inbred F1 hybrid mice and correlated these parameters to their lifespans. We found that mice with innate circadian periods close to 24 hours (revealed during 30 days of housing in total darkness) enjoyed nearly 20% longer lifespans than their littermates, which had shorter or longer innate circadian periods. These findings show that maintenance of a 24 hour intrinsic circadian period is a positive predictor of longevity. Our data suggest that circadian period may be used to predict individual longevity and that processes that control innate circadian period affect aging.

Libert, Sergiy; Bonkowski, Michael S.; Pointer, Kelli; Pletcher, Scott D.; Guarente, Leonard

2012-01-01

77

Contractile activity of the human colon: lessons from 24 hour studies.  

PubMed Central

The motor function of the colon is probably the least understood of the various hollow viscera of the human body. This is partly because of the marked variability of colonic motor function and the short recording periods usually used, generally not exceeding three hours. Most of the data available on human colonic motility originate from investigations conducted in the most distal portions of the viscus, because of technical difficulties in reaching its proximal portions. Although attempts have been made to solve these problems through the ingestion of radiotelemetric pressure sensors, these efforts have been hampered by intermittent signal loss and the inability to control the location of the capsule within the gastrointestinal tract. To overcome these problems, techniques have recently been developed that permit prolonged recordings (24 hours or more) of myoelectrical and contractile activity of the human colon, with both perfused and solid-state manometric systems. The present paper reviews the current experience in 24 hour recording from the human colon, with a primary emphasis on the more forceful propulsive contractile activity associated with the so called mass movements.

Bassotti, G; Crowell, M D; Whitehead, W E

1993-01-01

78

40 CFR 52.1990 - Interstate Transport for the 2006 24-hour PM2.5 NAAQS.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 false Interstate Transport for the 2006 24-hour PM2...PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS (CONTINUED) APPROVAL...Oregon § 52.1990 Interstate Transport for the 2006 24-hour PM2...addressing the requirement in Clean Air Act section...

2013-07-01

79

Comparison of 24-hour intragastric pH using four liquid formulations of lansoprazole and omeprazole.  

PubMed

The results of previous studies evaluating the effect of four liquid formulations of proton-pump inhibitors on 24-hour intragastric pH are described. Patients with a gastrostomy who were resident in a Veterans Affairs medical center or its affiliated nursing home were eligible for enrollment in one of four open-label studies in which each patient served as his own control. Patients underwent 24-hour intragastric pH studies before and after receiving seven consecutive days of one of the following liquid formulations of a proton-pump inhibitor administered once daily: omeprazole granules 20 mg in orange juice, lansoprazole granules 30 mg in orange juice, simplified omeprazole suspension 20 mg, and simplified lansoprazole suspension 30 mg. The suspensions were prepared with 10 mL of 8.4% sodium bicarbonate solution. Mean intragastric pH was measured, as was the time pH stayed above 3.0 and 4.0 during the 24-hour period. Six to 14 patients participated in each study. The mean posttreatment pH was 4.9+/-0.8, 4.7+/-0.6, 4.1+/-1.5, and 5.1+/-1.1 for omeprazole granules in orange juice, lansoprazole granules in orange juice, simplified omeprazole suspension, and simplified lansoprazole suspension, respectively. Both drugs in orange juice maintained pH above 4.0 longer than 14 hours and above 3.0 for close to 20 hours, which are the levels deemed optimal for healing erosive esophagitis and duodenal ulcers, respectively. Simplified lansoprazole suspension maintained pH above those thresholds for the optimal times, but simplified omeprazole suspension did not (20 and 15 hr above 3.0, 17 and 12 hr above 4.0 for lansoprazole and omeprazole, respectively). Further development of liquid formulations of proton-pump inhibitors may have important implications for the treatment of acid-related diseases in patients, including children, who are unable to swallow capsules. PMID:10597120

Sharma, V K

1999-12-01

80

Mean 24-hours sympathetic nervous system activity decreases during head-down tilted bed rest but not during microgravity  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Sympathetic nervous system activity is closely related to gravitational stress in ground based experiments. Thus a high activity is present in the standing-up position and a very low activity is observed during acute head-out water immersion. Adjustments in sympathetic activity are necessary to maintain a constant blood pressure during variations in venous return. Head-down tilted bed rest is applied as a model to simulate changes observed during microgravity. The aim of the present study was to test the hypothesis that mean 24-hours sympathetic activity was low and similar during space flight and in ground based observation obtained during long-term head-down tilted bed rest. Forearm venous plasma noradrenaline was measured by a radioenzymatic technique as an index of muscle sympathetic activity and thrombocyte noradrenaline and adrenaline were measured as indices of mean 24-hours sympathoadrenal activity. Previous results have indicated that thrombocyte noradrenaline level has a half-time of 2 days. Thus to reflect sympathetic activity during a specific experiment the study period must last for at least 6 days and a sample must be obtained within 12 hours after the experiment has ended. Ten normal healthy subjects were studied before and during a 14 days head-down tilted bed rest as well as during an ambulatory study period of a similar length. The whole experiment was repeated while the subjects were on a low calorie diet. Thrombocyte noradrenaline levels were studied in 4 cosmonauts before and within 12 hours after landing after more than 7 days in flight. Thrombocyte noradrenaline decreased markedly during the head-down tilted bed rest (p<0.001), whereas there were no significant changes in the ambulatory study. Plasma noradrenaline decreased in the adaptation period but not during the intervention. During microgravity thrombocyte noradrenaline increased in four cosmonauts and the percentage changes were significantly different in cosmonauts and in subjects participating in the head down tilted bed rest study (170± 29% (Mean± SEM) vs. 57± 7%, respectively; p<0.001). The elevated sympathetic nervous system activity is most likely a regulatory response to combined effects of a reduced plasma volume and an increased vascular capacity in flight.

Christensen, Nj; Heer, M.; Ivanova, K.; Norsk, P.

81

The Effects of 24-hour Sleep Deprivation on the Exploration-Exploitation Trade-off  

PubMed Central

Sleep deprivation has a complex set of neurological effects that go beyond a mere slowing of mental processes. While cognitive and perceptual impairments in sleep deprived individuals are widespread, some abilities remain intact. In an effort to characterize these effects, some have suggested an impairment of complex decision making ability despite intact ability to follow simple rules. To examine this trade-off, 24-hour total sleep deprived individuals performed two versions of a resource acquisition foraging task, one in which exploration is optimal (to succeed, abandon low value, high saliency options) and another in which exploitation is optimal (to succeed, refrain from switching between options). Sleep deprived subjects exhibited decreased performance on the exploitation task compared to non-sleep deprived controls, yet both groups exhibited increased performance on the exploratory task. These results speak to previous neuropsychological work on cognitive control.

Glass, Brian D.; Maddox, W. Todd; Bowen, Christopher; Savarie, Zachary R.; Matthews, Michael D.; Markman, Arthur B.; Schnyer, David M.

2010-01-01

82

Does Breakfast Consumption Affect Nutritional Adequacy of the Diets of Young Adults?  

Microsoft Academic Search

LEARNING OUTCOME: To describe the impact of breakfast consumption on the nutritional adequacy of the diets of young adults.Breakfast consumption patterns of 504 young adults (x age: 23yrs.; 58% female, 70% white) were examined using the 24-hour dietary recall. Consumption patterns were then related to mean daily nutrient intake. Thirty-seven percent of young adults skipped breakfast. For those who ate

C. Reger; T. Nicklas; L. Myers; B. Beech; G. Berenson

1997-01-01

83

Comparison of quick and slow thaw methods of producing cryoprecipitate antihaemophilic factor from fresh and 24-hour-old blood  

PubMed Central

Cryoprecipitate antihaemophilic factor concentrate was prepared from fresh and 24-hour-old blood by quick and slow thaw methods. Recovery of factor VIII was greater by the slow thaw method and there was less loss into the supernatant plasma. Cryoprecipitate produced from fresh blood contained more factor VIII than that produced from 24-hour-old blood so that the most potent concentrate was produced from fresh blood by the slow thaw process. An adequate therapeutic preparation was, however, produced by the slow thaw method using 24-hour-old blood and it is suggested that this procedure could be adopted in order to supplement supplies.

Bloom, A. L.; Giddings, J. C.; Bevan, Beryl; Letton, M.; Drummond, R. J.

1969-01-01

84

76 FR 14812 - Additional Air Quality Designations for the 2006 24-Hour Fine Particle National Ambient Air...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Additional Air Quality Designations for the 2006 24-Hour Fine Particle National Ambient Air Quality Standards, 110(k)(6) Correction...Quality Designations and Classifications for the Annual Fine Particles National Ambient Air Quality Standards Correction In...

2011-03-18

85

Study on Operation Optimization of Pumping Station's 24 Hours Operation under Influences of Tides and Peak-Valley Electricity Prices  

Microsoft Academic Search

According to different processes of tides and peak-valley electricity prices, this paper determines the optimal start up time in pumping station's 24 hours operation between the rating state and adjusting blade angle state respectively based on the optimization objective function and optimization model for single-unit pump's 24 hours operation taking JiangDu No.4 Pumping Station for example. In the meantime, this

Gong Yi; Cheng Jilin; Zhang Lihua; Zhang Rentian

2010-01-01

86

Comparison of effects of amphotericin B deoxycholate infused over 4 or 24 hours: randomised controlled trial  

PubMed Central

Objective To test the hypothesis that amphotericin B deoxycholate is less toxic when given by continuous infusion than by conventional rapid infusion. Design Randomised, controlled, non-blinded, single centre study. Setting University hospital providing tertiary clinical care. Patients 80 mostly neutropenic patients with refractory fever and suspected or proved invasive fungal infections. Intervention Patients were randomised to receive 0.97 mg/kg amphotericin B by continuous infusion over 24 hours or 0.95 mg/kg by rapid infusion over four hours. Main outcome measures Patients were evaluated for side effects related to infusion, nephrotoxicity, and mortality up to three months after treatment. Analysis was on an intention to treat basis. Results Patients in the continuous infusion group had fewer side effects and significantly reduced nephrotoxicity than those in the rapid infusion group. Overall mortality was higher during treatment and after three months' follow up in the rapid infusion than in the continuous infusion group. Conclusion Continuous infusions of amphotericin B reduce nephrotoxicity and side effects related to infusion without increasing mortality.

Eriksson, Urs; Seifert, Burkhard; Schaffner, Andreas

2001-01-01

87

24 hours in the life of HIV-1 in a T cell line.  

PubMed

HIV-1 infects CD4+ T cells and completes its replication cycle in approximately 24 hours. We employed repeated measurements in a standardized cell system and rigorous mathematical modeling to characterize the emergence of the viral replication intermediates and their impact on the cellular transcriptional response with high temporal resolution. We observed 7,991 (73%) of the 10,958 expressed genes to be modulated in concordance with key steps of viral replication. Fifty-two percent of the overall variability in the host transcriptome was explained by linear regression on the viral life cycle. This profound perturbation of cellular physiology was investigated in the light of several regulatory mechanisms, including transcription factors, miRNAs, host-pathogen interaction, and proviral integration. Key features were validated in primary CD4+ T cells, and with viral constructs using alternative entry strategies. We propose a model of early massive cellular shutdown and progressive upregulation of the cellular machinery to complete the viral life cycle. PMID:23382686

Mohammadi, Pejman; Desfarges, Sébastien; Bartha, István; Joos, Beda; Zangger, Nadine; Muñoz, Miguel; Günthard, Huldrych F; Beerenwinkel, Niko; Telenti, Amalio; Ciuffi, Angela

2013-01-31

88

High energy deficit in an ultraendurance athlete in a 24-hour ultracycling race.  

PubMed

This case study examined the nutritional behavior and energy balance in an official finisher of a 24-hour ultracycling race. The food and beverages consumed by the cyclist were continuously weighed and recorded to estimate intake of energy, macronutrients, sodium, and caffeine. In addition, during the race, heart rate was continuously monitored. Energy expenditure was assessed using a heart rate-oxygen uptake regression equation obtained previously from a laboratory test. The athlete (39 years, 175.6 cm, 84.2 kg, maximum oxygen uptake, 64 mL/kg/min) cycled during 22 h 22 min, in which he completed 557.3 km with 8760 m of altitude at an average speed of 25.1 km/h. The average heart rate was 131 beats/min. Carbohydrates were the main macronutrient intake (1102 g, 13.1 g/kg); however, intake was below current recommendations. The consumption of protein and fat was 86 g and 91 g, respectively. He ingested 20.7 L (862 mL/h) of fluids, with sport drinks the main fluid used for hydration. Sodium concentration in relation to total fluid intake was 34.0 mmol/L. Caffeine consumption over the race was 231 mg (2.7 mg/kg). During the race, he expended 15,533 kcal. Total energy intake was 5571 kcal, with 4058 (73%) and 1513 (27%) kcal derived from solids and fluids, respectively. The energy balance resulted in an energy deficit of 9915 kcal. PMID:22481841

Bescós, Raúl; Rodríguez, Ferran A; Iglesias, Xavier; Benítez, Adolfo; Marina, Míchel; Padullés, Josep M; Torrado, Priscila; Vázquez, Jairo; Knechtle, Beat

2012-04-01

89

[Ambulatory 24-hour blood pressure monitoring in patients with resistant hypertension].  

PubMed

The aim of the study was to assess the usefulness of 24-hour blood pressure (BP) and heart rate (HR) monitoring in patients with "resistant" hypertension. 30 patients (44.1 +/- 9.9 years) with diastolic BP 100 mm Hg or more in spite of treatment with three or more antihypertensive drugs were studied. Ambulatory recording of BP and HR was performed by means of Del Mar Avionics monitoring system 9000. Mean recording time was 21.5 hours and mean number of measurements during one recording--56.7. Mean ambulatory systolic and diastolic BP values were significantly lower than mean value of three casual measurements (146.0 +/- 24.6 vs 171.5 +/- 21.2 mm Hg for systolic and 97.2 +/- 11.3 vs 110.4 +/- 7.5 mm Hg for diastolic BP p less than 0.01) In 14 (46.6%) systolic BP and in 10 patients (33.3%) diastolic BP were normal. The patients with normal and abnormal ambulatory BP recordings did not differ in regard to age and mean clinic BP levels. However, patients with abnormal ambulatory BP recordings were more often overweight and showed a greater frequency of left ventricular hypertrophy and family history of hypertension and its complications. The results of the study show that ambulatory BP monitoring may be of value in assessing the response to antihypertensive treatment in patients with so called resistant hypertension as judged on the basis of clinic pressure. PMID:2074634

Sznajderman, M; Pop?awska, W; Cybulska, I; Niegowska, J; Makowiecka-Cie?la, M; Baranowski, R

1990-01-01

90

Accuracy of commercial 24-hour electrocardiogram analyzers for quantitation of total and repetitive ventricular arrhythmias.  

PubMed

The accuracy of 2 commercial 24-hour electrocardiogram analyzers was tested for quantitation of ventricular premature complexes (VPCs). Scanner 1 was the Cardiodata Systems Mark III and scanner 2 was the Avionics Trendsetter DCG VII. Twenty-four-hour electrocardiographic recordings from 19 consecutive ambulatory patients with frequent VPCs were analyzed by each device. Results were compared with those from hand counts of complete printouts of each of the 19 recordings. For total VPCs, scanner 1 had an average error of 13% (range 0 to 58%) and scanner 2 had an average error of 24% (range (1 to 80%). Scanner 1 had an error of more than 10% for 9 of the 19 recordings and scanner 2 more than 10% for 11 of the 19 recordings. For paired VPCs, scanner 1 had a mean error of 23% (range 4 to 77%), and scanner 2 of 56% (range 34 to 79%). For nonsustained ventricular tachycardia, scanner 1 had an average error of 20% (range 8 to 41%) and scanner 2 had an error of 56% (range 34 to 78%). Thus, when recordings from consecutive ambulatory patients with frequent VPCs were analyzed, neither device was consistently accurate for quantitation of total VPCs. Both analyzers had an unacceptable error for quantitation of repetitive VPCs. All currently available devices may have comparably large errors. This possibility is confirmed by recalculation of the reported data from a third scanner. PMID:2446488

Salerno, D M; Granrud, G; Hodges, M

1987-12-01

91

Metabolic and renal changes in two athletes during a world 24 hour relay record performance.  

PubMed Central

Metabolic parameters and renal function were studied in two subjects before, during and after they established a world two-man 24 hour relay record. During the race, the athletes expended an estimated 37.747 and 42.880 kJ running at 54 and 61 per cent of maximum oxygen consumption (VO2max). Rectal temperatures reached maxima of 38.6 and 39.2 degrees C respectively during the race. Serum free fatty acid levels peaked at 2108 and 1875 mumol ml-1 after 24 hours; blood glucose levels varied from 4.3-6.5 and 4.9-8.5 mmol.l-1 respectively. Plasma insulin levels fell from 42.9 and 22.7 microU.ml-1 to 11.5 microU.ml-1. Plasma urea, creatinine, beta 2-microglobulin and C-reactive protein concentrations were elevated at the end of the race (to 9.0 and 8.0 mmol.l-1, 119 and 102 mumol.l-1, 3.508 and 3203 micrograms.l-1 and 2.7 and 3.9 mg per cent respectively). Plasma osmolality was altered from 293 and 304 to 302 and 280 mosmol.Kg-1 during the race but increased to 312 and 318 mosmol.Kg-1 the following day probably due to intercompartmental fluid shifts. Plasma creatinine concentration was increased by 38 and 26 per cent due to reduced urinary excretion. Urine flow rate increased 40 and 123 per cent respectively during the race, but creatinine clearance decreased by 38 and 40 per cent. Urine osmolality decreased by 38 and 65 per cent and osmolal clearance decreased by 15 and 16 per cent respectively. Urine sodium excretion was greatly reduced (85 and 90 per cent) on the post-race days (by 88 and 92 per cent on day 2). Both urine total protein and beta2-microglobulin excretion increased during the race (by 89 and 35 per cent and by 334 and 136 per cent respectively), but owing to the increased beta2-microglobulin production renal clearance was unaltered. The changes in renal function were temporary and some aspects of renal tubular function were enhanced during the post-race days. We conclude that, although C-reactive protein concentrations increased sooner and were higher than other shorter events and although creatinine, urine excretion and urine osmolality decreased markedly, the intermittent nature of the event, the mild environmental conditions, the moderate percentage of VO2 max maintained by the well conditioned subjects and a high fluid intake enabled a rapid return to normality and indeed to enhanced renal tubular function. The only moderate increases in body temperature would be due to the same factors.

Irving, R A; Noakes, T D; van Zyl Smit, R

1989-01-01

92

Weight/age-dependent glucose turnover (GTO) in fed and 24 hour fasted rats  

SciTech Connect

In small animals such as the rat, cardiac output and oxygen consumption are constant with age when normalized to the body surface area but not to body weight (BW). The authors explored this relationship for GTO in pentobarbital-anesthetized fed and 24 hours fasted Sprague-Dawley rats weighing between 200 and 55 g. A bolus of 10 {mu}Ci/kg BW of (6-{sup 3}H)-glucose was injected into the carotid artery followed by a constant infusion equal to 1.5 {mu}Ci/minute *kg BW and samples taken from the right atrium every 15 minutes for glucose specific activity (SA) measurements over a 2 period. Steady state measurements of GTO ({mu}mol/minute) plotted as a function of BW (g) revealed GTO to be inversely related in fed rats but independent of BW in fasted rats. Although plasma (glucose) was significantly lower in fasted rats, there were no weight related differences within each group. Fasting decreased GTO across the whole range of body weights; however, the magnitude of the fasting effect was much larger in the smaller animals (50% lower) compared to the larger animals (25% lower). Although the lean body mass is increasing in this range of BW, the decrease in GTO indicates an age/weight-related decrease in glucose utilization which diminishes the effect of fasting as the animal grows. This data explains the inconsistency in the literature regarding the fasting effect on GTO in the rat and emphasizes the importance of weight/age matching of experimental groups to minimize the variability in the data when GTO is of interest.

Pearce, F.J.; Connett, R.J. (Univ. of Rochester, NY (United States))

1990-02-26

93

24 Hour ST Segment Analysis in Transient Left Ventricular Apical Ballooning  

PubMed Central

Objective The etiologic basis of transient left ventricular apical ballooning, a novel cardiac syndrome, is not clear. Among the proposed pathomechanisms is coronary vasospasm. Long-term ST segment analysis may detect vasospastic episodes but has not been reported. Methods 30 consecutive patients with transient left ventricular apical ballooning, left ventricular dysfunction and normal or near-normal coronary arteries were investigated. A 24-hour Holter ECG was obtained after emergency admission. ST segment analysis was performed automatically in 2 leads and confirmed by visual inspection. Criteria for an ischemic event were: 1. ST elevation or 2. horizontal or down-sloping ST segments ?1 min duration and ?100 µV J+80 point deviation corrected for baseline ST-deviation. Results Patients presented with ST segment elevation (n?=?19) and/or T wave inversion (n?=?20) on admission ECG. Ejection fraction was 50±12%. No transient ST elevations were observed during Holter ECG analysis. In 3 patients, 8 transient episodes of ST depression were recorded. Durations of episodes varied between 75s and 790s (mean 229s). Maximal ST deviation averaged ?191±71 µV. Ischemic burden was ?1 to ?22 mVs (mean ?8 mVs). 27 patients showed no ischemic events. Conclusions ST segment analysis of 24 h Holter recordings revealed minor ischemic events in only 10% of patients with transient left ventricular apical ballooning. Overall, ST segment changes were not indicative of recurrent coronary spasm playing a major role in the genesis of transient left ventricular apical ballooning.

Bode, Frank; Burgdorf, Christof; Schunkert, Heribert; Kurowski, Volkhard

2013-01-01

94

Preclinical and clinical antiallergic effect of olopatadine 0.2% solution 24 hours after topical ocular administration.  

PubMed

Pharmacologic studies examined the potential of a solution containing olopatadine to maintain and extend antiallergic efficacy after single topical ocular drop administration over 24 hours. Results of these preclinical experiments conducted in guinea pigs indicated that olopatadine 0.2% (wt/vol) solution was significantly effective 24 hours after dosing. This concentration of olopatadine provided significantly more efficacy than Patanol (olopatadine 0.1%) 24 hours after administration while being as effective as Patanol (olopatadine 0.1%) 5 minutes after administration. Results from a human conjunctival allergen challenge trial in sensitive subjects confirmed clinical efficacy of olopatadine 0.2% solution over 24 hours. When individuals were challenged with antigen at onset, 16 and 24 hours after drug administration onto the eye, significant reductions were observed in the scores for active drug as compared with placebo for pruritus (77, 77, and 61%), conjunctival redness (35, 28, and 20%), and chemosis (53, 41, and 31%), respectively. These data suggest that topically applied olopatadine 0.2% solution will be an effective once-a-day therapy for allergic conjunctivitis. PMID:15055565

Vogelson, Cullen T; Abelson, Mark B; Pasquine, Terri; Stephens, Donna M; Gamache, Daniel A; Gross, Robert D; Robertson, Stella M; Yanni, John M

95

The National Cancer Institute diet history questionnaire: validation of pyramid food servings.  

PubMed

The performance of the National Cancer Institute's food frequency questionnaire, the Diet History Questionnaire (DHQ), in estimating servings of 30 US Department of Agriculture Food Guide Pyramid food groups was evaluated in the Eating at America's Table Study (1997-1998), a nationally representative sample of men and women aged 20-79 years. Participants who completed four nonconsecutive, telephone-administered 24-hour dietary recalls (n = 1,301) were mailed a DHQ; 965 respondents completed both the 24-hour dietary recalls and the DHQ. The US Department of Agriculture's Pyramid Servings Database was used to estimate intakes of pyramid servings for both diet assessment tools. The correlation (rho) between DHQ-reported intake and true intake and the attenuation factor (lambda) were estimated using a measurement error model with repeat 24-hour dietary recalls as the reference instrument. Correlations for energy-adjusted pyramid servings of foods ranged from 0.43 (other starchy vegetables) to 0.84 (milk) among women and from 0.42 (eggs) to 0.80 (total dairy food) among men. The mean rho and lambda after energy adjustment were 0.62 and 0.60 for women and 0.63 and 0.66 for men, respectively. This food frequency questionnaire validation study of foods measured in pyramid servings allowed for a measure of food intake consistent with national dietary guidance. PMID:16339051

Millen, Amy E; Midthune, Douglas; Thompson, Frances E; Kipnis, Victor; Subar, Amy F

2005-12-07

96

Characterisation of sleep in intensive care using 24-hour polysomnography: an observational study  

PubMed Central

Introduction Many intensive care patients experience sleep disruption potentially related to noise, light and treatment interventions. The purpose of this study was to characterise, in terms of quantity and quality, the sleep of intensive care patients, taking into account the impact of environmental factors. Methods This observational study was conducted in the adult ICU of a tertiary referral hospital in Australia, enrolling 57 patients. Polysomnography (PSG) was performed over a 24-hour period to assess the quantity (total sleep time: hh:mm) and quality (percentage per stage, duration of sleep episode) of patients' sleep while in ICU. Rechtschaffen and Kales criteria were used to categorise sleep. Interrater checks were performed. Sound pressure and illuminance levels and care events were simultaneously recorded. Patients reported on their sleep quality in ICU using the Richards Campbell Sleep Questionnaire and the Sleep in Intensive Care Questionnaire. Data were summarised using frequencies and proportions or measures of central tendency and dispersion as appropriate and Cohen's Kappa statistic was used for interrater reliability of the sleep data analysis. Results Patients' median total sleep time was 05:00 (IQR: 02:52 to 07:14). The majority of sleep was stage 1 and 2 (medians: 19 and 73%) with scant slow wave and REM sleep. The median duration of sleep without waking was 00:03. Sound levels were high (mean Leq 53.95 dB(A) during the day and 50.20 dB(A) at night) and illuminance levels were appropriate at night (median <2 lux) but low during the day (median: 74.20 lux). There was a median 1.7 care events/h. Patients' mean self-reported sleep quality was poor. Interrater reliability of sleep staging was highest for slow wave sleep and lowest for stage 1 sleep. Conclusions The quantity and quality of sleep in intensive care patients are poor and may be related to noise, critical illness itself and treatment events that disturb sleep. The study highlights the challenge of quantifying sleep in the critical care setting and the need for alternative methods of measuring sleep. The results suggest that a sound reduction program is required and other interventions to improve clinical practices to promote sleep in intensive care patients. Trial registration Australian New Zealand clinical trial registry (http://www.anzctr.org.au/): ACTRN12610000688088.

2013-01-01

97

Characterisation of sleep in intensive care using 24-hour polysomnography: an observational study.  

PubMed

INTRODUCTION: Many intensive care patients experience sleep disruption potentially related to noise, light and treatment interventions. The purpose of this study was to characterise, in terms of quantity and quality, the sleep of intensive care patients, taking into account the impact of environmental factors. METHODS: This observational study was conducted in the adult ICU of a tertiary referral hospital in Australia, enrolling 57 patients. Polysomnography (PSG) was performed over a 24-hour period to assess the quantity (total sleep time: hh:mm) and quality (percentage per stage, duration of sleep episode) of patients' sleep while in ICU. Rechtschaffen and Kales criteria were used to categorise sleep. Interrater checks were performed. Sound pressure and illuminance levels and care events were simultaneously recorded. Patients reported on their sleep quality in ICU using the Richards Campbell Sleep Questionnaire and the Sleep in Intensive Care Questionnaire. Data were summarised using frequencies and proportions or measures of central tendency and dispersion as appropriate and Cohen's Kappa statistic was used for interrater reliability of the sleep data analysis. RESULTS: Patients' median total sleep time was 05:00 (IQR: 02:52 to 07:14). The majority of sleep was stage 1 and 2 (medians: 19 and 73%) with scant slow wave and REM sleep. The median duration of sleep without waking was 00:03. Sound levels were high (mean Leq 53.95 dB(A) during the day and 50.20 dB(A) at night) and illuminance levels were appropriate at night (median <2 lux) but low during the day (median: 74.20 lux). There was a median 1.7 care events/h. Patients' mean self-reported sleep quality was poor. Interrater reliability of sleep staging was highest for slow wave sleep and lowest for stage 1 sleep. CONCLUSIONS: The quantity and quality of sleep in intensive care patients are poor and may be related to noise, critical illness itself and treatment events that disturb sleep. The study highlights the challenge of quantifying sleep in the critical care setting and the need for alternative methods of measuring sleep. The results suggest that a sound reduction program is required and other interventions to improve clinical practices to promote sleep in intensive care patients. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Australian New Zealand clinical trial registry (http://www.anzctr.org.au/): ACTRN12610000688088. PMID:23506782

Elliott, Rosalind; McKinley, Sharon; Cistulli, Peter; Fien, Mary

2013-03-18

98

Thallium reinjection after stress-redistribution imaging. Does 24-hour delayed imaging after reinjection enhance detection of viable myocardium  

SciTech Connect

Thallium reinjection immediately after conventional stress-redistribution imaging improves the detection of viable myocardium, as many myocardial regions with apparently 'irreversible' thallium defects on standard 3-4-hour redistribution images manifest enhanced thallium uptake after reinjection. Because the 10-minute period between reinjection and imaging may be too short, the present study was designed to determine whether 24-hour imaging after thallium reinjection provides additional information regarding myocardial viability beyond that obtained by imaging shortly after reinjection. We studied 50 patients with chronic stable coronary artery disease undergoing exercise thallium tomography, radionuclide angiography, and coronary arteriography. Immediately after the 3-4-hour redistribution images were obtained, 1 mCi thallium was injected at rest, and images were reacquired at 10 minutes and 24 hours after reinjection. The stress, redistribution, reinjection, and 24-hour images were then analyzed qualitatively and quantitatively. Of the 127 abnormal myocardial regions on the stress images, 55 had persistent defects on redistribution images by qualitative analysis, of which 25 (45%) demonstrated improved thallium uptake after reinjection. At the 24-hour study, 23 of the 25 regions (92%) with previously improved thallium uptake by reinjection showed no further improvement. Similarly, of the 30 regions determined to have irreversible defects after reinjection, 29 (97%) remained irreversible on 24-hour images. These findings were confirmed by the quantitative analysis. The mean normalized thallium activity in regions with enhanced thallium activity after reinjection increased from 57 +/- 13% on redistribution studies to 70 +/- 14% after reinjection but did not change at 24 hours (71 +/- 14%).

Dilsizian, V.; Smeltzer, W.R.; Freedman, N.M.; Dextras, R.; Bonow, R.O. (National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD (USA))

1991-04-01

99

Interchangeability between 24-hour collection and single spot urines for vanillylmandelic and homovanillic acid levels in the diagnosis of neuroblastoma.  

PubMed

The determination of the two urinary catecholamine metabolites homovanillic acid (HVA) and vanillylmandelic acid (VMA) is of crucial importance for the diagnosis and follow-up of neuroblastoma (NB). The standard practice for their measurement requires the use of 24-hour collections that are time consuming and difficult to obtain. In this article, we directly demonstrate that 24-hour collections and single spot urines are interchangeable for the determination of HVA and VMA expressed as ratio on creatinine concentration. This study can be useful for a faster management of NB at onset. Pediatr Blood Cancer 2013;60:E170-E172. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. PMID:23813598

Cangemi, Giuliana; Barco, Sebastiano; Reggiardo, Giorgio; Viscardi, Elisabetta; Di Cataldo, Andrea; Garaventa, Alberto; Melioli, Giovanni; Conte, Massimo

2013-06-29

100

Intersalt: An International Study Of Electrolyte Excretion And Blood Pressure. Results For 24 Hour Urinary Sodium And Potassium Excretion  

Microsoft Academic Search

The relations between 24 hour urinary electrolyte excretion and blood pressure were studied in 10 079 men and women aged 20-59 sampled from 52 centres around the world based on a highly standardised protocol with central training of observers, a central laboratory, and extensive quality control. Relations between electrolyte excretion and blood pressure were studied in individual subjects within each

1988-01-01

101

Results of 24 hour ambulatory monitoring of electrocardiogram in 131 healthy boys aged 10 to 13 years  

Microsoft Academic Search

Ambulatory monitoring of the electrocardiogram was performed in 131 healthy boys aged between 10 and 13 years for two consecutive periods of 24 hours. When awake the maximal heart rates ranged from 100 to 200 and the minimal from 45 to 80 beats per minute. During sleep maximal rates were 60 to 110 beats and minimal rates 30 to 70

O Scott; G J Williams; G I Fiddler

1980-01-01

102

Self-renewal and differentiation capacity of urine-derived stem cells after urine preservation for 24 hours.  

PubMed

Despite successful approaches to preserve organs, tissues, and isolated cells, the maintenance of stem cell viability and function in body fluids during storage for cell distribution and transportation remains unexplored. The aim of this study was to characterize urine-derived stem cells (USCs) after optimal preservation of urine specimens for up to 24 hours. A total of 415 urine specimens were collected from 12 healthy men (age range 20-54 years old). About 6 × 10(4) cells shed off from the urinary tract system in 24 hours. At least 100 USC clones were obtained from the stored urine specimens after 24 hours and maintained similar biological features to fresh USCs. The stored USCs had a "rice grain" shape in primary culture, and expressed mesenchymal stem cell surface markers, high telomerase activity, and normal karyotypes. Importantly, the preserved cells retained bipotent differentiation capacity. Differentiated USCs expressed myogenic specific proteins and contractile function when exposed to myogenic differentiation medium, and they expressed urothelial cell-specific markers and barrier function when exposed to urothelial differentiation medium. These data demonstrated that up to 75% of fresh USCs can be safely persevered in urine for 24 hours and that these cells stored in urine retain their original stem cell properties, indicating that preserved USCs could be available for potential use in cell-based therapy or clinical diagnosis. PMID:23349776

Lang, Ren; Liu, Guihua; Shi, Yingai; Bharadwaj, Shantaram; Leng, Xiaoyan; Zhou, Xiaobo; Liu, Hong; Atala, Anthony; Zhang, Yuanyuan

2013-01-18

103

Relationship of 24-hour ambulatory blood pressure and heart rate with markers of hepatic function in cirrhotic patients  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: There is evidence that in cirrhotic patients, certain hemodynamic parameters, such as blood pressure and heart rate, are related to the severity of liver disease. This study investigated whether non-invasive 24-hour ambulatory blood pressure and heart rate are more closely associated with markers of liver disease severity than conventional office measurements. METHODS: Ambulatory patients with cirrhosis underwent office blood

Dimitris G Tzamouranis; Alexandra Alexopoulou; Spyros P Dourakis; George S Stergiou

2010-01-01

104

Preliminary report: the effect of a 6-month dietary glycemic index manipulation in addition to healthy eating advice and weight loss on arterial compliance and 24-hour ambulatory blood pressure in men: a pilot study  

Microsoft Academic Search

We aimed to determine whether altering dietary glycemic index (GI) in addition to healthy eating and weight loss advice affects arterial compliance and 24-hour blood pressure (BP), both coronary heart disease (CHD) risk factors. Middle-aged men with at least 1 CHD risk were randomized to a 6-month low-GI (LGI) or high-GI (HGI) diet. All were advised on healthy eating and

Elena Philippou; Candace Bovill-Taylor; Chakravarthi Rajkumar; Maria Luisa Vampa; Eleana Ntatsaki; Audrey E. Brynes; Mary Hickson; Gary S. Frost

2009-01-01

105

Indication-specific 6-hour systolic blood pressure thresholds can approximate 24-hour determination of blood pressure control  

PubMed Central

Ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM) is an accurate method for evaluating hypertension, yet its use in clinical practice may be limited by availability, cost, and patient inconvenience. The objective of this study was to investigate the ability of a 6-hour ABPM window to predict blood pressure control, based on that of the full 24-hour ABPM session across several clinical indications in a cohort of 486 patients referred for ABPM. Sensitivities and specificities of the 6-hour systolic blood pressure mean to accurately classify patients as hypertensive were determined using a fixed reference point of 130 mmHg for the 24-hour mean. For four common indications in which ABPM was ordered, prediction tables were constructed varying the thresholds for the 6-hour mean to find the optimal value that best predicted the 24-hour hypertensive status as determined from the full 24-hour interval. Using a threshold of 137 mmHg for the indications of borderline hypertension, evaluation of current antihypertensive regimen and suspected white-coat hypertension, sensitivity and specificity ranged from 0.83–0.88 and 0.80–0.88, respectively, for the ability of 6-hour ABPM to correctly categorize hypertensive status. Using 133 mmHg as the threshold for treatment resistance resulted in a sensitivity and specificity of 0.93 and 0.83, respectively. We conclude that a shortened ABPM session of 6 hours can be used to accurately classify blood pressure as controlled or not, based on the results of a 24-hour session. The optimal 6-hour threshold for comparison depends upon indication for referral.

Ernst, Michael E.; Sezate, Genesis S.; Lin, Wenjiao; Weber, Cynthia A.; Dawson, Jeffrey D.; Carter, Barry L.; Bergus, George R.

2010-01-01

106

24-Hour IOP Telemetry in the Nonhuman Primate: Implant System Performance and Initial Characterization of IOP at Multiple Timescales  

PubMed Central

Purpose. IOP is the most common independent risk factor for development and progression of glaucoma, but very little is known about IOP dynamics. Continuous IOP telemetry was used in three nonhuman primates to characterize IOP dynamics at multiple time scales for multiple 24-hour periods. Methods. An existing implantable telemetric pressure transducer system was adapted to monitoring anterior chamber IOP. The system records 500 IOP, ECG, and body temperature measurements per second and compensates for barometric pressure in real time. The continuous IOP signal was digitally filtered for noise and dropout and reported using time-window averaging for 19, 18, and 4 24-hour periods in three animals, respectively. Those data were analyzed for a nycthemeral pattern within each animal. Results. Ten-minute time-window averaging for multiple 24-hour periods showed that IOP fluctuated from 7 to 14 mm Hg during the day, and those changes occurred frequently and quickly. Two-hour time-window averages of IOP for multiple 24-hour periods in three animals showed a weak nycthemeral trend, but IOP was not repeatable from day-to-day within animals. Conclusions. The measured IOP was successfully measured continuously by using a new, fully implantable IOP telemetry system. IOP fluctuates as much as 10 mm Hg from day to day and hour to hour in unrestrained nonhuman primates, which indicates that snapshot IOP measurements may be inadequate to capture the true dynamic character of IOP. The distributions, magnitudes, and patterns of IOP are not reproducible from day to day within animals, but IOP tends to be slightly higher at night when IOP data are averaged across multiple 24-hour periods within animals.

Burgoyne, Claude F.; Seigfreid, William P.; Reynaud, Juan F.; Strouthidis, Nicholas G.; Sallee, Verney

2011-01-01

107

Thallium reinjection after stress-redistribution imaging. Does 24-hour delayed imaging after reinjection enhance detection of viable myocardium  

Microsoft Academic Search

Thallium reinjection immediately after conventional stress-redistribution imaging improves the detection of viable myocardium, as many myocardial regions with apparently 'irreversible' thallium defects on standard 3-4-hour redistribution images manifest enhanced thallium uptake after reinjection. Because the 10-minute period between reinjection and imaging may be too short, the present study was designed to determine whether 24-hour imaging after thallium reinjection provides additional

V. Dilsizian; W. R. Smeltzer; N. M. Freedman; R. Dextras; R. O. Bonow

1991-01-01

108

Statins, antihypertensive treatment, and blood pressure control in clinic and over 24 hours: evidence from PHYLLIS randomised double blind trial  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective To investigate the possibility that statins reduce blood pressure as well as cholesterol concentrations through clinic and 24 hour ambulatory blood pressure monitoring.Design Randomised placebo controlled double blind trial.Setting 13 hospitals in ItalyParticipants 508 patients with mild hypertension and hypercholesterolaemia, aged 45 to 70 years.Intervention Participants were randomised to antihypertensive treatment (hydrochlorothiazide 25 mg once daily or fosinopril 20

Giuseppe Mancia; Gianfranco Parati; Miriam Revera; Grzegorz Bilo; Andrea Giuliano; Fabrizio Veglia; Gaetano Crepaldi; Alberto Zanchetti

2010-01-01

109

Plasma monocyte chemotactic protein-1 levels at 24 hours are a biomarker of primary graft dysfunction after lung transplantation.  

PubMed

Monocyte chemotactic protein-1 (MCP-1), also known as "chemokine ligand 2" (CCL2), is a monocyte-attracting chemokine produced in lung epithelial cells. We previously reported an association of increased levels of plasma MCP-1 with primary graft dysfunction (PGD) after lung transplantation in a nested case-control study of extreme phenotypes using a multiplex platform. In this study, we sought to evaluate the role of plasma MCP-1 level as a biomarker across the full spectrum of PGD. We performed a prospective cohort study of 108 lung transplant recipients within the Lung Transplant Outcomes Group cohort. Plasma MCP-1 levels were measured pretransplantation and 6 and 24 hours after transplantation. The primary outcome was development of grade 3 PGD within 72 hours of transplant, with secondary analyses at the 72-hour time point. Multivariable logistic regression was used to evaluate confounding. Thirty subjects (28%) developed PGD. Median MCP-1 measured at 24 hours post-transplant was elevated in subjects with PGD (167.95 vs 103.5 pg/mL, P = .04). MCP-1 levels at 24 hours were associated with increased odds of grade 3 PGD after lung transplantation (odds ratio for each 100 pg/mL, 1.24; 95% confidence interval, 1.00-1.53) and with grade 3 PGD present at the 72-hour time point (odds ratio for each 100 pg/mL, 1.57; 95% confidence interval, 1.18-2.08), independent of confounding variables in multivariable analyses. MCP-1 levels measured preoperatively and 6 hours after transplant were not significantly associated with PGD. Persistent elevations in MCP-1 levels at 24 hours are a biomarker of grade 3 PGD post-transplantation. Monocyte chemotaxis may play a role in the pathogenesis of PGD. PMID:22989614

Shah, Rupal J; Diamond, Joshua M; Lederer, David J; Arcasoy, Selim M; Cantu, Edward M; Demissie, E J; Kawut, Steven M; Kohl, Benjamin; Lee, James C; Sonett, Joshua; Christie, Jason D; Ware, Lorraine B

2012-09-16

110

A retrospective study of patients discharged within 24 hours after emergency admission in a public general hospital  

Microsoft Academic Search

epidemiological and clinical characteristics, specialty of admission, in-patient procedures performed, diagnosis upon discharge and destination of patients. Results: During the study period, 8.8% of the 5,587 emergency admissions were discharged within 24 hours. Most of them were middle-aged males, triaged as category 3 and 4 non-trauma cases. The percentage of emergency Orthopaedic and Surgical admission resulting in discharge within 24

SST Cheng; CH Chung

111

Study on Operation Optimization of Pumping Station's 24 Hours Operation under Influences of Tides and Peak-Valley Electricity Prices  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

According to different processes of tides and peak-valley electricity prices, this paper determines the optimal start up time in pumping station's 24 hours operation between the rating state and adjusting blade angle state respectively based on the optimization objective function and optimization model for single-unit pump's 24 hours operation taking JiangDu No.4 Pumping Station for example. In the meantime, this paper proposes the following regularities between optimal start up time of pumping station and the process of tides and peak-valley electricity prices each day within a month: (1) In the rating and adjusting blade angle state, the optimal start up time in pumping station's 24 hours operation which depends on the tide generation at the same day varies with the process of tides. There are mainly two kinds of optimal start up time which include the time at tide generation and 12 hours after it. (2) In the rating state, the optimal start up time on each day in a month exhibits a rule of symmetry from 29 to 28 of next month in the lunar calendar. The time of tide generation usually exists in the period of peak electricity price or the valley one. The higher electricity price corresponds to the higher minimum cost of water pumping at unit, which means that the minimum cost of water pumping at unit depends on the peak-valley electricity price at the time of tide generation on the same day. (3) In the adjusting blade angle state, the minimum cost of water pumping at unit in pumping station's 24 hour operation depends on the process of peak-valley electricity prices. And in the adjusting blade angle state, 4.85%~5.37% of the minimum cost of water pumping at unit will be saved than that of in the rating state.

Yi, Gong; Jilin, Cheng; Lihua, Zhang; Rentian, Zhang

2010-06-01

112

Comparison of gastric body and antral pH: a 24 hour ambulatory study in healthy volunteers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Simultaneous ambulatory records of gastric antral and body pH were made over 24 hours in nine healthy volunteers by means of endoscopically positioned and anchored glass electrodes. Intragastric pH was temporarily raised after the endoscopy with the median pH value 30 minutes after the procedure being 3.9 (range 1.5-7.0) for the antrum and 4.1 (range 1.5-7.0) for the body. Daytime

G McLauchlan; G M Fullarton; G P Crean; K E McColl

1989-01-01

113

Relationship of 24-hour ambulatory blood pressure and heart rate with markers of hepatic function in cirrhotic patients  

PubMed Central

Background There is evidence that in cirrhotic patients, certain hemodynamic parameters, such as blood pressure and heart rate, are related to the severity of liver disease. This study investigated whether non-invasive 24-hour ambulatory blood pressure and heart rate are more closely associated with markers of liver disease severity than conventional office measurements. Methods Ambulatory patients with cirrhosis underwent office blood pressure and heart rate measurements, 24-hour ambulatory blood pressure monitoring and blood laboratory tests. Results Fifty-one patients (32 men, mean age 57.4 ± 11.3 years) completed the study. Twenty six patients had compensated liver cirrhosis (group A) and 25 patients had more advanced liver disease (group B). Group A and B patients differed significantly both in ambulatory asleep diastolic blood pressure (p < 0.05) and office diastolic blood pressure (p < 0.01), which were lower in more advanced liver disease. Office blood pressure and heart rate correlations were similar to or even stronger than ambulatory ones. Ambulatory blood pressure and heart rate awake-asleep variation (dipping) showed a relatively flat pattern as markers of liver dysfunction were deteriorating. The strongest correlations were found with both ambulatory and office heart rate, which increased as indicators of severity of liver disease were worsening. Conclusions Heart rate seems to be a more reliable marker of ongoing liver dysfunction than blood pressure. Evaluation of blood pressure and heart rate with 24-hour ambulatory measurement does not seem to offer more information than conventional office measurements.

2010-01-01

114

Hemodynamic effects of the cardioselective beta-blocking agent metoprolol in acute myocardial infarction. A 24-hour catheterization study.  

PubMed

Hemodynamic changes were studied in ten patients with uncomplicated transmural myocardial infection during 24 hours on beta-blockade. The cardioselective beta-adrenergic blocking drug metoprolol was injected (15 mg i.v.) within the first 24 hours after onset of chest pain and was followed by oral therapy (25-50 mg at 6-hour intervals). There was a decrease in heart rate, systolic BP, and cardiac output, which was most marked after the injection. The stroke volume and diastolic BP for the whole group of patients remained unchanged. The pulmonary artery end diastolic pressure did not change significantly after the injection but a continuous fall was obtained in three out of four patients with initially elevated values. The preejection period, measured from the ECG and carotid pressure curve, as initially short and was prolonged in all patients after administration of the beta-blocking drug. It is concluded that the cardioselective beta-blocking drug metoprolol may be used in selected patients in the acute phase of myocardial infarction without danger of hemodynamic deterioration during the first 24 hours of therapy. The selection of patients can be based on clinical criteria. In this study signs of left heart failure, hypotension, poor peripheral circulation, bradycardia, and AV block were regarded as contraindications. PMID:696420

Málek, I; Waagstein, F; Hjalmarson, A; Holmberg, S; Swedberg, K

1978-01-01

115

Recalls (Biologics)  

Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research (CBER)

... seizure. Recalls may be conducted on a firm's own initiative, by FDA request, or by FDA order under statutory authority. ... More results from www.fda.gov/biologicsbloodvaccines/safetyavailability/recalls

116

Drug Recalls  

Center for Drug Evaluation (CDER)

... See Definitions of Market Withdrawals and Class I, II, and III recalls. All recalls (Class I, II, and III) can be found in the FDA Enforcement Report. ... More results from www.fda.gov/drugs/drugsafety/drugrecalls

117

[Sequential changes in inflammatory and stress responses during 24-hour running].  

PubMed

Running for an extended period of time can cause severe stress on the body, subsequently damaging skeletal muscle and resulting in changes in blood components. However, few reports have examined vital responses during and after running. This study analyzed inflammatory responses during and after running and changes in stress responses as determined by serial changes in blood components. Venous blood was obtained before starting, 6 h after starting, 12 h after starting, and immediately after finishing 24 h of continuous running. Samples were analyzed for high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP), pentraxin 3 (ptx3), white blood cells (WBC), myoglobin, creatine kinase (CK), and hormones. Diet and physical activity were standardized 24 h before and after running. Subjects comprised 16 men who agreed to participate in experimental running on November 8 and 9, 2008, at Tokyo Gakugei University. Mean running distance was 151.32 +/- 32.1 km (range, 83.6-210.0 km) in 24 h. A significant increase in hsCRP was seen from 12 h after starting to completion. Compared to hsCRP, ptx3 gradually increased from before starting to after completion, showing a significant difference between pre and post-run ptx3 levels. WBC count increased significantly until 6 h after starting. Neutrophils in leukocytosis increased significantly during the first 6 h. Eosinophils decreased significantly over the course of the 24 h. Cortisol increased, and testosterone decreased significantly from 6 h after starting. Dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate (DHEA-S), myoglobin, and CK increased over the course of the 24 h. Reactive oxygen metabolites (d-ROMs) changed within the normal range though there was a significant decrease, and biological anti-oxidant potential (BAP) stabilized. Active natural killer cells decreased significantly after 24 h running. Biopyrrin (BPn) increased significantly. Changes in stress oxide were small both during and after running, and adaptation for antioxidation was good. DHEAS, a biomarker of aging, was found to increase over the course of the 24 h, suggesting that controlling decreases in DHEA-S may be possible using exercise, particularly in males. The key finding was that DHEA S levels tended to increase with continuous aerobic exercise. PMID:22184874

Shimizu, Tomomi; Imanishi, Akio; Sugimoto, Kenichi; Takeda, Nobuaki; Hirata, Ryuuzou; Andou, Takashi; Morikawa, Seiichi; Suzuki, Yoshio; Watanabe, Masayuki; Okuta, Miho; Kawana, Takayuki; Namikawa, Yui; Suzuki, Masato; Watanabe, Makino; Okada, Takao; Ohta, Makoto

2011-10-01

118

Feasibility Testing of an Automated Image-Capture Method to Aid Dietary Recall  

PubMed Central

Background/Objectives The accuracy of dietary recalls might be enhanced by providing participants with photo images of foods they consumed during the test period. Subjects/Methods We examined the feasibility of a system (Image-Diet Day) that is a user-initiated camera-equipped mobile phone that is programmed to automatically capture and transmit images to a secure website in conjunction with computer-assisted, multi-pass, 24-hour dietary recalls in 14 participants during 2007. Participants used the device during eating periods on each of the three independent days. Image processing filters successfully eliminated underexposed, over-exposed, and blurry images. Captured images were accessed by participants using the ImageViewer software while completing the 24-hour dietary recall on the following day. Results None of the participants reported difficulty using the ImageViewer. Images were deemed “helpful” or “sort of helpful” by 93% of participants. A majority (79%) of users reported having no technical problems, but 71% rated the burden of wearing the device as somewhat to very difficult, owing to issues such as limited battery life, self-consciousness about wearing the device in public, and concerns about the camera’s field of view. Conclusion Overall, these findings suggest that automated imaging is a promising technology to facilitate dietary recall. The challenge of managing the thousands of images generated can be met. Smaller devices with a broader field of view may aid in overcoming user’s self-consciousness with using or wearing the device

Arab, Lenore; Estrin, Deborah; Kim, Donnie H.; Burke, Jeff; Goldman, Jeff

2011-01-01

119

In vivo testing of a right heart mini-pump during a 24 hour period: is it safe?  

PubMed

A coaxial atrial cannula connected to a mini-centrifugal pump was developed to bypass the right heart during extreme exposures in off-pump coronary artery bypass surgery. This study was designed to test the effect of this pump, running during 24 hours, on blood elements to evaluate its use as a prolonged right heart support. In a calf model (body weight 68+/-5 kg), the pump was inserted and set to its maximal motor speed of 7000 rpm. Blood samples were drawn every 6 hours for blood gas analyses, as well as for hematology and chemistry. The right heart mini-pump performed perfectly at its maximal speed over the 24 hour period. Blood gas parameters and blood lactate levels reflected adequate tissue perfusion (baseline: 2.2+/-0.5 mmol/L vs. 24 h: 2+/-0.3 mmol/L; p = 0.64). Red blood cell count was stable (baseline: 9.8+/-1.4 x 10(12)/L vs. 24 h: 9.6+/-1.1 x 10(12)/L; p = 0.83). Free plasma hemoglobin remained below 100 mg/L throughout the experiment. Platelet count was stable during the first 6 hours and exhibited a tendency to drop thereafter (baseline: 749+/-104 x 10(9)/L vs. 24 h: 486+/-20 x 10(9)/L; p = 0.01). This right heart mini-pump appears to provide sufficient blood flow during a 24 hour period with minimal impact on red cell and moderate platelet damage after 6 hours. These results suggest a potential application of this system for postcardiotomy right heart support. PMID:12455766

Mueller, Xavier M; Augstburger, Monique; Boone, Yves; Tevaearai, Hendrik T; von Segesser, Ludwig K

120

Evaluation of food intake by means of 24 hour dietary recall in a town of the province of Buenos Aires, Argentina  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mycotoxins, secondary metabolites of toxigenic fungus, have been found to occur naturally in cereal crops and oil?seeds. In Argentina, several mycotoxins were detected in raw materials and foodstuffs.The objective of this study was the knowledge of food consumption patterns to assess mycotoxins exposure. A pilot survey was carried out in the Nueve de Julio town, Argentina. Approximately 5% of the

Alicia Gallo; Fernando Bourdignon; Ana Pacin; Teresa Barbieri; Silvia Resnik

1992-01-01

121

Twenty-Four Hour Dietary Recalls by Fourth-Grade Children Were Not Influenced by Observations of School Meals  

PubMed Central

Objective To investigate whether school-meal observations influenced children’s 24-hour dietary recalls. Study Design and Setting Over three school years, 555 randomly selected fourth-grade children were interviewed to obtain a 24-hour dietary recall; before being interviewed, 374 children were observed eating two school meals (breakfast, lunch) and 181 children were not observed. Within observation-status groups (observed; unobserved), children were randomized within sex to one of six combinations from two target periods (prior-24-hours; previous-day) crossed with three interview times (morning; afternoon; evening). Results For each of five variables (interview length, meals/snacks, meal components, items, kilocalories), naïve and adjusted equivalence tests rejected that observation-status groups were different, indicating that school-meal observations did not influence children’s 24-hour dietary recalls. There was a target-period effect on length (P<0.0001) (longer for prior-24-hour recalls), a school year effect on length (P=0.0002) (longer for third year), and a target-period-by-interview-time interaction on items (P=0.0110) and kilocalories (P=0.0047) (both smaller for previous-day recalls in the afternoon than prior-24-hour recalls in the afternoon and previous-day recalls in the evening), indicating that variables were sufficiently sensitive and psychometrically reliable. Conclusion Conclusions about 24-hour dietary recalls by fourth-grade children observed eating school meals in validation studies are generalizable to 24-hour dietary recalls by comparable but unobserved children in non-validation studies.

Baxter, Suzanne Domel; Hardin, James W.; Smith, Albert F.; Royer, Julie A.; Guinn, Caroline H.; Mackelprang, Alyssa J.

2009-01-01

122

Regen 24-Hour Summary  

Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research (CBER)

... Moreover, the panel determined that the difference in the anatomical design may contain a reasonable amount of stress that has not been ... More results from www.fda.gov/advisorycommittees/committeesmeetingmaterials/medicaldevices

123

Transcranial direct current stimulation augments perceptual sensitivity and 24-hour retention in a complex threat detection task.  

PubMed

We have previously shown that transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) improved performance of a complex visual perceptual learning task (Clark et al. 2012). However, it is not known whether tDCS can enhance perceptual sensitivity independently of non-specific, arousal-linked changes in response bias, nor whether any such sensitivity benefit can be retained over time. We examined the influence of stimulation of the right inferior frontal cortex using tDCS on perceptual learning and retention in 37 healthy participants, using signal detection theory to distinguish effects on perceptual sensitivity (d') from response bias (ß). Anodal stimulation with 2 mA increased d', compared to a 0.1 mA sham stimulation control, with no effect on ß. On completion of training, participants in the active stimulation group had more than double the perceptual sensitivity of the control group. Furthermore, the performance enhancement was maintained for 24 hours. The results show that tDCS augments both skill acquisition and retention in a complex detection task and that the benefits are rooted in an improvement in sensitivity (d'), rather than changes in response bias (ß). Stimulation-driven acceleration of learning and its retention over 24 hours may result from increased activation of prefrontal cortical regions that provide top-down attentional control signals to object recognition areas. PMID:22511978

Falcone, Brian; Coffman, Brian A; Clark, Vincent P; Parasuraman, Raja

2012-04-12

124

The antimicrobial effect of 0.1 ppm ozonated water on 24-hour plaque microorganisms in situ.  

PubMed

Ozone is a known oxidant present in the atmosphere and is commercially produced by simple ozonizer machines. It is a powerful antimicrobial agent in its gaseous and aqueous forms. Ozone readily dissolves in water and retains its antimicrobial property even in the dissolved state. In this study, the effect of 0.1 ppm ozonated water was analyzed on 24-hour supragingival plaque (SP) samples in situ. SP was collected from the two most posterior teeth in the contra-lateral quadrants before and after a 30-second rinse with either distilled water (control group) or 0.1 ppm ozonated water (test group). The plaque was used to count the number of total bacteria, total anaerobic bacteria, Streptococcus mutans, and Candida albicans on selective agar media. The statistical analysis of the number of colony forming units (CFUs) obtained demonstrated a significant antimicrobial effect of ozonated water on the total bacteria (p = 0.01) and anaerobes (p = 0.02). A reduction in the post-rinse CFU count for Streptococcus mutans was also observed, but the effect was not statistically significant (p = 0.07). The Candida species was only grown from one sample. Ozonated water at the 0.1 ppm concentration was effective in reducing the load of 24-hour plaque bacteria, but it did not eliminate them completely. PMID:22473347

Sadatullah, Syed; Mohamed, Nor Himazian; Razak, Fathilah Abdul

125

QTc interval prolongation in HIV-infected patients: a case-control study by 24-hour Holter ECG recording  

PubMed Central

Background Aim of the study was to assess QTc interval by a 24-hour ECG recording in a group of HIV-infected individuals with a basal prolonged QTc. The risk factors associated with QTc prolongation and the indices of cardiovascular autonomic control were also evaluated. Methods A case–control study was performed using as cases 32 HIV-infected patients with prolonged (>440 msec) QTc interval as assessed by Holter ECG, and as controls 64 HIV-infected subjects with normal QTc interval. Autonomic function was evaluated by heart rate variability analysis during 24-hour recording. Results Duration of HIV disease was significantly longer among cases than among controls (p=0.04). Waist/hip ratio was also higher among cases than among controls (p=0.05). Frequency domain analysis showed the absence of physiologic decrease of low frequency (LF) in the night period in both cases and controls. The LF night in cases showed a statistically significant reduction when compared with controls (p=0.007). Conclusions In our study group, QTc interval prolongation was associated with a longer duration of HIV infection and with a greater waist/hip ratio. HIV patients with QTc interval prolongation and with a longer duration of HIV infection were more likely to have an impairment of parasympathetic and sympathetic cardiac component.

2012-01-01

126

NHEXAS PHASE I ARIZONA STUDY--STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURE FOR CODING: 24-HOUR FOOD DIARY (HAND ENTRY) (UA-D-39.0)  

EPA Science Inventory

The purpose of this SOP is to define the coding strategy for the 24-Hour Food Diary. This diary was developed for use during the Arizona NHEXAS project and the "Border" study. Keywords: data; coding; 24-hour food diary. The National Human Exposure Assessment Survey (NHEXAS) i...

127

NHEXAS PHASE I ARIZONA STUDY--STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURE FOR CLEANING: 24 HOUR FOOD DIARY (HAND ENTRY) (UA-D-40.0)  

EPA Science Inventory

The purpose of the SOP is to define the particular steps involved in cleaning the electronic data generated from data entry of the 24 Hour Food Diary. The procedure was developed to use during the Arizona NHEXAS project and the "Border" study. Keywords: data; cleaning; 24 hour ...

128

More male calves born after Presynch-Ovsynch protocol with 24-hour timed AI in dairy cows.  

PubMed

Various factors including synchronization treatments have been reported to influence sex ratio of offspring in cattle. The present study was conducted to investigate the effect of treatment with Presynch-Ovsynch protocol on sex ratio of offspring in Holstein dairy cows. Healthy Holstein cows (N = 1102) were randomly assigned to Presynch-Ovsynch (N = 564) or control (N = 538) group by parity. Cows in Presynch-Ovsynch group received two administrations of PGF(2)? 14 days apart started at Days 23 to 27 postpartum. Twelve days after the second PGF(2)? treatment, Ovsynch protocol, consisting of an administration of GnRH followed by administration of PGF(2)? 7 days later and a final administration of GnRH given 48 hours after the third PGF(2)? treatment, began. Cows were subjected to fixed-time AI 24 hours after the last administration of GnRH. Cows in control group received no treatment and were inseminated 12 hours after standing estrus. Sex of calves conceived by the first service postpartum was determined after parturition and used for calculation of sex ratio. Parity, season, sire, and calving to conception interval were considered as covariates in statistical analysis. Sex ratio of calves in Presynch-Ovsynch group (1.64) was higher than that in control group (1.09; odds ratio = 1.51; P < 0.05). Moreover, male to female ratio was higher in cows conceived in summer, fall, and winter than in cows that conceived in spring (P < 0.05). In conclusion, cows treated with Presynch-Ovsynch protocol and inseminated 24 hours after the last GnRH administration of Ovsynch had a higher sex ratio than cows inseminated 12 hours after standing estrus. PMID:23394973

Youssefi, R; Vojgani, M; Gharagozlou, F; Akbarinejad, V

2013-02-08

129

Enhanced carotid-cardiac baroreflex response and elimination of orthostatic hypotension 24 hours after acute exercise in paraplegics.  

PubMed

To test the hypothesis that an acute bout of maximal exercise can ameliorate orthostatic hypotension consequent to prolonged wheelchair confinement, we evaluated heart rate (HR), systolic (SBP) and diastolic (DBP) blood pressure responses during 15 minutes of 70 degrees head-up tilt (HUT) in 10 paraplegic subjects 24 hours after arm crank exercise designed to elicit maximal effort, and during a control (no exercise) conditions. Additionally, the carotid baroreceptor stimulus-cardiac response relationship was determined by measurement of R-R interval during external application of graded pressures to the carotid sinuses. One week separated the treatment conditions. The maximum slope of the carotid-cardiac baroreflex response was increased (p = 0.049) by exercise (6.2 +/- 1.7 msec/mmHg) compared to control (3.3 +/- 0.6). During control HUT, HR increased from 61 +/- 1 to 90 +/- 7 bpm (p = 0.001) while SBP decreased from 118 +/- 5 to 106 +/- 9 mmHg (p = 0.025). During HUT 24 hours after exercise, HR increased from 60 +/- 2 to 90 +/- 4 bpm (p = 0.001), but the reduction in SBP was essentially eliminated (116 +/- 5 to 113 +/- 5 mmHg). The reduction in SBP during control HUT (-12.0 +/- 4.6 mmHg) was four-fold larger (p = 0.017) than during HUT following exercise (-3.1 +/- 3.9 mmHg). DBP during HUT was not altered in either condition. A single bout of intense, dynamic arm crank exercise eliminated orthostatic hypotension in paraplegics. Equal HR response with smaller reduction in SBP during HUT after exercise was consistent with a measured increased sensitivity of the carotid-cardiac baroreflex.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS) PMID:1287541

Engelke, K A; Shea, J D; Doerr, D F; Convertino, V A

1992-12-01

130

Depression severity, diet quality, and physical activity in women with obesity and depression  

PubMed Central

Major depressive disorder (MDD) is prevalent in clinical weight loss settings and predicts poor weight loss outcomes. It is unknown whether the severity of depressive symptoms among those with MDD is associated with diet quality or physical activity levels. This knowledge is important for improving weight loss treatment for these patients. It was hypothesized that more severe depression is associated with poorer diet quality and lower physical activity levels among individuals with obesity and MDD. Participants were 161 women with current MDD and obesity enrolled in the baseline phase of a weight loss trial between 2007 and 2010. Depression severity was measured with the Beck Depression Inventory II. The Alternate Healthy Eating Index (AHEI) was applied to data from three 24-hour diet recalls to capture overall diet quality. Daily metabolic equivalents expended per day (MET-hrs/d) were calculated from three 24-hour physical activity recalls. Greater depression severity was associated with poorer overall diet quality (estimate=?.26, SE=.11, p=.02), but not with physical activity (estimate=.07, SE=.05, p=.18), in linear regression models controlling for income, education, depression-related appetite change, binge eating disorder, and other potential confounds. Associations with diet quality were primarily driven by greater intake of sugar (r=.20, p<.01), saturated fat (r=.21, p<.01), and sodium (r=.22, p<.01). More severe depression was associated with poorer overall diet quality, but not physical activity, among treatment-seeking women with MDD and obesity. Future studies should identify mechanisms linking depression to diet quality, and determine whether diet quality improves with depression treatment.

Appelhans, Bradley M.; Whited, Matthew C.; Schneider, Kristin L.; Ma, Yunsheng; Oleski, Jessica L.; Merriam, Philip A.; Waring, Molly E.; Olendzki, Barbara C.; Mann, Devin M.; Ockene, Ira S.; Pagoto, Sherry L.

2012-01-01

131

Relationship of dieting and restrained eating to self-reported caloric intake in female college freshmen.  

PubMed

Evidence indicates that restrained eaters do not eat less than unrestrained eaters in the natural environment. However, no study has examined caloric intake in those who are currently dieting to lose, or avoid gaining, weight. The current study examined caloric intake using 24-hour food recalls among individuals dieting to lose weight, dieting to avoid weight gain, restrained nondieters, and unrestrained nondieters. Participants were 246 female college students participating in a weight gain prevention trial. The predicted significant difference in caloric intake across the four groups was found for beverage but not for food intake. Results reinforce past literature indicating that dieting/restraint status does not reflect hypo-caloric intake in naturalistic settings. PMID:23557829

Goldstein, Stephanie P; Katterman, Shawn N; Lowe, Michael R

2012-12-20

132

Effect of an L- and T-Type Calcium Channel Blocker on 24-Hour Systolic Blood Pressure and Heart Rate in Hypertensive Patients  

PubMed Central

Background and Objectives The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of an L- and T-type calcium channel blocker (CCB) on 24-hour systolic blood pressure (24-hour SBP) and heart rate (24-hour HR) profiles in essential hypertensive patients. Subjects and Methods Thirty-seven consecutive patients were enrolled in this study. The 24-hour SBP and HR were recorded before and after treatment with efonidipine (L- and T-type CCB, 40 mg), after waking. Changes in 24-hour SBP and HR and the diurnal to nocturnal SBP ratio were measured. The best-fit curves of changes in SBP and HR were depicted using a periodic function. Results The mean 24-hour SBP and HR decreased significantly after treatment. The diurnal to nocturnal SBP ratio in dipper-type hypertension cases decreased from 16.7±6.1% to 8.3±9.8% (p<0.05), whereas in non-dipper hypertension cases, it increased from 2.3±2.9% to 7.7±5.1% (p<0.01). The antihypertensive effect was minimal at 5.0 hours after drug administration and it slowly recovered at a constant rate (2.1 mm Hg/h) over 12 hours in dipper cases. The median 24-hour changes in HR in the dipper and non-dipper cases were -2.3/min and -5.4/min, respectively. A continuous reduction in the change in HR was seen from 3.5 to 23 hours after drug administration. Conclusion The antihypertensive action of efonidipine was characterized by a slow recovery of the SBP decrease at a constant rate (2.1 mm Hg/h) and a non-administration time dependent reduction in 24-hour HR.

Tsutsumi, Takeshi; Ebado, Mio; Takeyama, Youichi

2012-01-01

133

[Assessment of the diets of elderly people in a city in São Paulo state: application of the Healthy Eating Index].  

PubMed

The scope of this paper was to evaluate the quality of the diet of the elderly in the city of Avaré, São Paulo state, using the Healthy Eating Index (HEI). A cross-sectional population-based study was conducted by home interviews. The sample consisted of 73 individuals, randomly selected among elderly people from the public health system in the city. Food consumption was measured by 3 24-hour recalls. The HEI adapted to the Brazilian population was applied for evaluation purposes. It is believed that this study is the first in Brazil to apply the HEI using 3 surveys of the 24-hour recall type among the elderly population. This methodology was chosen because, as described in the literature, a single day does not accurately reflect the usual intake of an individual due to the high interpersonal variance in consumption. It was found that 32.9% of elderly people were on a poor quality diet, 60.3% needed adjustments and 6.8% had a good quality diet. The conclusion that can be drawn is that the elderly population studied need to improve their diet, which emphasizes the importance of policies geared to encouraging healthy eating in old age. PMID:23358763

Malta, Maíra Barreto; Papini, Silvia Justina; Corrente, José Eduardo

2013-02-01

134

Recall termination in free recall  

PubMed Central

Although much is known about the dynamics of memory search in the free recall task, relatively little is known about the factors related to recall termination. Reanalyzing individual trial data from 14 prior studies (1,079 participants, 28,015 lists), and defining termination as occurring when a final response is followed by a long non-response interval, we observe that termination probability increases throughout the recall period and that retrieval is more likely to terminate following an error than a correct response. Among errors, termination probability is higher following prior-list intrusions and repetitions than following extra-list intrusions. To verify that this pattern of results can be seen in a single study, we report a new experiment in which 80 participants contributed recall data from a total of 9,122 lists. This experiment replicated the pattern observed in the aggregate analyses of prior studies.

Miller, Jonathan F.; Weidemann, Christoph T.; Kahana, Michael J.

2012-01-01

135

Quantification and 24-hour monitoring of mycophenolic acid by high-performance liquid chromatography in Japanese renal transplant recipients.  

PubMed

We developed a rapid, simple, and sensitive high-performance liquid chromatography method with UV detection for the quantitative determination of mycophenolic acid (MPA) in human plasma. MPA and the internal standard (naproxen) were separated using a mobile phase of 0.04 M H(3)PO(4)-acetonitrile-methanol (3:3:4 v/v/v) over a CAPCELL PAK C18 MG column. A flow-rate of 0.5 ml/min was used at ambient temperature and sample detection was carried out at 254 nm. The assay required only 100 microl of plasma and involved liquid-liquid extraction, which gave high recovery (>94%). The lower limit of quantification for MPA was 0.05 microg/ml. Inter- and intra-day coefficients of variation were less than 9.6% and accuracies were within 9.3%. Additionally, we validated this method in 24-hour monitoring of plasma MPA concentrations after mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) morning and evening administration in 40 Japanese renal transplant recipients with 1.5 g/day MMF. The time to reach the maximum (11.7 microg/ml) and second peak (4.5 microg/ml) of MPA after morning 0.75 g MMF administration was 2.6 h and 9.0 h, and time to reach maximum (10.5 microg/ml) after evening 0.75 g administration was 4.0 h. PMID:17139160

Kagaya, Hideaki; Inoue, Kazuyuki; Miura, Masatomo; Satoh, Shigeru; Saito, Mitsuru; Tada, Hitoshi; Habuchi, Tomonori; Suzuki, Toshio

2006-12-01

136

Relative prognostic value of rest thallium-201 imaging, radionuclide ventriculography and 24 hour ambulatory electrocardiographic monitoring after acute myocardial infarction  

SciTech Connect

Rest thallium-201 scintigraphy, radionuclide ventriculography and 24 hour Holter monitoring are acceptable methods to assess myocardial necrosis, performance and electrical instability. This study examined the relative value of the three tests, when obtained a mean of 7 days after acute myocardial infarction, in predicting 1 year mortality in 93 patients. Planar thallium-201 images were obtained in three projections and were scored on a scale of 0 to 4 in 15 segments (normal score = 60). Patients were classified as having high risk test results as follows: thallium score less than or equal to 45 (33 patients), left ventricular ejection fraction less than or equal to 40% (51 patients) and complex ventricular arrhythmias on Holter monitoring (36 patients). During the follow-up of 6.4 +/- 3.4 months (mean +/- SD), 15 patients died of cardiac causes. All three tests were important predictors of survival by univariate Cox survival analysis; the thallium score, however, was the only important predictor by multivariate analysis. The predictive power of the thallium score was comparable with that of combined ejection fraction and Holter monitoring (chi-square = 21 versus chi-square = 22). Thus, rest thallium-201 imaging performed before hospital discharge provides important prognostic information in survivors of acute myocardial infarction which is comparable with that provided by left ventricular ejection fraction and Holter monitoring. Patients with a lower thallium score (large perfusion defects) are at high risk of cardiac death during the first year after infarction.

Hakki, A.H.; Nestico, P.F.; Heo, J.; Unwala, A.A.; Iskandrian, A.S.

1987-07-01

137

Comparative studies on 24-hour urinary excretion in Japanese and Chinese adults and children--need for nutritional education.  

PubMed

In order to evaluate the effect of nutritional education on the risk of developing lifestyle-related diseases, we measured taurine and isoflavone content in 24-hour urine samples (24-U) of 3rd grade Chinese children (CC) and of age-matched Japanese children (JC), as well as adult Chinese and Japanese (CA, JA) according to the WHO-CARDIAC (Cardiovascular Diseases and Alimentary Comparison) Study protocol. There was a significantly higher prevalence of obesity and "thin" individuals in CC compared with JC. While K intake was not significantly different in the children, the sodium to potassium ratio (Na/ K) and the intake of sodium chloride (NaCl) were significantly higher in CC than in JC. Taurine excretion (24-U) was significantly higher in CC than in JC, but isoflavone excretion was significantly lower in CC than in JC. Taurine excretion was significantly lower in CA than in JA, while isoflavone excretion was almost the same in CA and JA. After nutritional education CC consumed more isoflavones than the control group that had been subjected to only environmental education. JC exhibited significantly higher 24-U taurine and isoflavone excretion after taking the nutritional class. PMID:19239171

Mori, Mari; Xu, Jin-Wen; Mori, Hideki; Ling, Cheng Feng; Wei, Guo Hong; Yamori, Yukio

2009-01-01

138

Hippocampal volumes differ across the mouse estrous cycle, can change within 24hours, and associate with cognitive strategies.  

PubMed

Recent human and rodent brain imaging studies have shown that the shape of the brain can be changed by experience. These mesoscopic alterations in neuroanatomy are hypothesized to be driven by changes at the level of neuronal processes. To examine whether the shape of the brain changes rapidly, we used MRI to examine changes in the volume of the hippocampus across the 4-6day estrous cycle in the female mouse. It is well known that changing steroid levels across the cycle influence dendritic spine maturation and alter synapse density in the hippocampus; our results show that the estrous cycle is associated with approximately 2-3% changes in hippocampal volume as seen by high-resolution ex-vivo MRI. Changes in hippocampal volume are, moreover, associated with a switch between hippocampal and striatal based navigation strategies in solving the dual choice T-maze in the same mice. A second experiment, using in-vivo MRI, suggests that these changes in hippocampal volume can occur over a 24hour period. In summary, we show that the brain is highly plastic at a mesoscopic level of resolution detectable by MRI, that volumetric increases and decreases in hippocampal volume follow previously established patterns of changes in neuropil, and that these changes in volume predict changes in cognition. PMID:23831531

Qiu, Lily R; Germann, Jürgen; Spring, Shoshana; Alm, Christina; Vousden, Dulcie A; Palmert, Mark R; Lerch, Jason P

2013-07-03

139

[Blood pressure variability on the basis of 24-hour ambulatory blood pressure monitoring in a group of healthy persons].  

PubMed

The aim of our research was to test twenty four hour variabilities of blood pressure (BPV) in a group of healty persons. The group consisted of 125 healthy persons (58 men and 67 women) 14-70 years old (mean age 33.8 +/- 14 years). Standard deviation (SD) from average blood pressure and the presence and size of night fall of arterial blood pressure (dippers and non dippers) was tested as parameters of BPLV. Average twenty four hours systolic blood pressure (SBP) in all the group was 119.7 +/- 10.9 mm Hg (123.5 +/- 11.5 mm Hg during the day and 106.2 +/- 12.2 at night). Average twenty-four-hour diastolic blood pressure (DBP) in all group was 71.9 +/- 9.0 mm Hg (74.0 +/- 9.5 during the day, 62.8 +/- 9.3 mm Hg at night). The mean SD of 24-hour SBP was 15.2 +/- 3.5 mm Hg (13.6 +/- for day's hours and 11.2 +/- 4.1 mm Hg at night). The mean SD of 24-hour DBP was 13.0 +/- 2.6 mm Hg (12.1 +/- 2.8 at the day and 9.8 +/- 3.0 at night). There were no correlation between and SBP SD or DBP SD and sex, age of the investigated patients and their membership to dipper and nondipper group. The positive correlation between SBP and and its SD was observed in the group with SBP below 120 mmHg and the same was ascertained in group of people below 40 years of life. Average night fall of SBP was 17.17 +/- 9.42 mm Hg (13.9 +/- 7.4%). Average night fall of DBP was 11.70 +/- 6.91 mmHg (15.7 +/- 8.8%) Nondippers ascertained 28.8% of all group. (32.8% of women and 24.4% of men). Multivariate analysis showed relationship between membership to dipper group and mean diurnal systolic blood pressure (odds ratio 0.93, 95% confidence interval 0.89-0.97, p = 0.02) and between low value of systolic pressure SD during all day monitoring and mean diurnal systolic blood pressure (odds ratio 0.94, 95% confidence interval 0.89-0.99, p = 0.02). Variability of arterial blood pressure is sex, age and mean diurnal pressure related. Parameters of short and long term variability are characterised by large repeatability. Our variability values can be voice in discussion on the norms in analysis of normal blood pressure patients. PMID:11769383

Marczak, B T; Paprocki, A

2001-01-01

140

Verification of 24 hours wind field forecast generated by WRF_ARW for January and July of 2009  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The systematic verification of the forecast products is a crucial part of any forecasting system. Parameters such as temperature and precipitation are the most commonly used variables in verification. In this study, we attempt to address the question whether high resolution forecasts increase deterministic skill in wind field beyond what can be accomplished with a coarser-resolution model. Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF-ARW) Model are used to produce 24hr forecasts over a domain centered on Istanbul, extending to Ukraine on the north, northern Africa on the South, Tyyhrenian Sea on the west and Caspian Sea on the east. Three nested domain layout is chosen: the coarsest domain with 9 km, finer domain with 3 km, and finest domain with 1 km grid resolution. All domains have 45 vertical levels. Model are initialized and forced by ECMWF operational forecast data at both 00UTC and 12UTC for January and July 2009 to obtain 24hr forecasts. Thus, four sets of simulations are accomplished. To address the general question of whether high resolution produces better forecasts, we assess how well the high-resolution forecasts replicate near-surface winds relative to the coarser-resolution. The relationship between forecast quality and horizontal grid spacing have been mainly carried out using traditional objective verification metric of point-wise root-mean squared errors. The forecast grid closest to the observation location is selected for verification. First, the forecasted wind field at the surface and different pressure levels has been compared to ECMWF- ERA Interim reanalysis for the largest domain to examine the areal limits of forecast accuracy. Second, five radiosonde observations taken in Istanbul, Izmir, Ankara, Isparta, and Athen are compared to the forecasts at the surface and standard pressure levels. Third, we have achieved the verification against nine surface station observations in Istanbul. Our results indicate that the differences between WRF 24 hour forecasts and ERA Interim re-analysis increase from 0 to 24 hours except that the differences are relatively small at 12:00 UTC. Due to high resolution of WRF-ARW, root-mean square errors are pronounced especially around high topography and land sea boundaries. In general, wind forecasts for July and 12UTC initialization are closer to ERA Interim than January and 00UTC initialization. Comparisons of 24hr wind forecasts with the data observed at 5 radiosonde stations suggest that ECMWF operational forecast model produces wind field closer to the observations than ERA Interim near surface. High resolution WRF model driven by operational forecast data improves the operational forecast near surface up to 700hPa level. However, above 700 hPa, the root mean square errors dramatically increase with height and they are most definite at jet levels. When hourly 10m surface wind speeds are compared with the nearest forecast grid data at 9 stations located in the city of Istanbul, it is found that WRF produces wind field stronger than the observations near the surface. However, approximately 60% of the errors in speed lies between -1.5m/sec and 1.5m/sec interval. Similarly 12:00 UTC initialization yields smaller differences from the station observations. July errors in speed and directions are less than January errors. Since the observational weather station network is inadequate to capture the fine-scale features, the validation of the high-resolution forecast is challenging.

?a?lar, F.; Acar, M.; Ball?, C.; Tan, E.; Unal, Y.

2012-04-01

141

Risk Stratification by 24-Hour Ambulatory Blood Pressure and Estimated Glomerular Filtration Rate in 5322 Subjects From 11 Populations  

PubMed Central

No previous study addressed whether in the general population estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR [Chronic Kidney Disease Epidemiology Collaboration formula]) adds to the prediction of cardiovascular outcome over and beyond ambulatory blood pressure. We recorded health outcomes in 5322 subjects (median age, 51.8 years; 43.1% women) randomly recruited from 11 populations, who had baseline measurements of 24-hour ambulatory blood pressure (ABP24) and eGFR. We computed hazard ratios using multivariable-adjusted Cox regression. Median follow-up was 9.3 years. In fully adjusted models, which included both ABP24 and eGFR, ABP24 predicted (P?0.008) both total (513 deaths) and cardiovascular (206) mortality; eGFR only predicted cardiovascular mortality (P=0.012). Furthermore, ABP24 predicted (P?0.0056) fatal combined with nonfatal events as a result of all cardiovascular causes (555 events), cardiac disease (335 events), or stroke (218 events), whereas eGFR only predicted the composite cardiovascular end point and stroke (P?0.035). The interaction terms between ABP24 and eGFR were all nonsignificant (P?0.082). For cardiovascular mortality, the composite cardiovascular end point, and stroke, ABP24 added 0.35%, 1.17%, and 1.00% to the risk already explained by cohort, sex, age, body mass index, smoking and drinking, previous cardiovascular disease, diabetes mellitus, and antihypertensive drug treatment. Adding eGFR explained an additional 0.13%, 0.09%, and 0.14%, respectively. Sensitivity analyses stratified for ethnicity, sex, and the presence of hypertension or chronic kidney disease (eGFR <60 mL/min per 1.73 m2) were confirmatory. In conclusion, in the general population, eGFR predicts fewer end points than ABP24. Relative to ABP24, eGFR is as an additive, not a multiplicative, risk factor and refines risk stratification 2- to 14-fold less.

Boggia, Jose; Thijs, Lutgarde; Li, Yan; Hansen, Tine W.; Kikuya, Masahiro; Bjorklund-Bodegard, Kristina; Ohkubo, Takayoshi; Jeppesen, J?rgen; Torp-Pedersen, Christian; Dolan, Eamon; Kuznetsova, Tatiana; Stolarz-Skrzypek, Katarzyna; Tikhonoff, Valerie; Malyutina, Sofia; Casiglia, Edoardo; Nikitin, Yuri; Lind, Lars; Schwedt, Emma; Sandoya, Edgardo; Kawecka-Jaszcz, Kalina; Filipovsky, Jan; Imai, Yutaka; Wang, Jiguang; Ibsen, Hans; O'Brien, Eoin; Staessen, Jan A.

2013-01-01

142

MT2-like melatonin receptor modulates amplitude receptor potential in visual cells of crayfish during a 24-hour cycle.  

PubMed

Retinular photoreceptors are structures involved in the expression and synchronization of the circadian rhythm of sensitivity to light in crayfish. To determine whether melatonin possesses a differential effect upon the receptor potential (RP) amplitude of retinular photoreceptors circadian time (CT)-dependent, we conducted experiments by means of applying melatonin every 2h during a 24-hour cycle. Melatonin with 100 nM increased RP amplitude during subjective day to a greater degree than during subjective night. To determine whether MT(2) melatonin receptors regulate the melatonin-produced effect, we carried out two experiments, circadian times (CTs) 6 and 18, which included the following: (1) application of the MT(2) receptor selective agonist 8-M-PDOT and antagonist DH97, and (2) the specific binding of [(125)I]-melatonin in eyestalk membranes. The amount of 10 nM of 8-M-PDOT increased RP amplitude in a similar manner to melatonin, and 1 nM DH97 abolished the increase produced by melatonin and 8-M-PDOT. Binding of [(125)I]-melatonin was saturable and specific. Scatchard analysis revealed an affinity constant (K(d)) of 1.1 nM and a total number of binding sites (B(max)) of 6 fmol/mg protein at CT 6, and a K(d) of 1.46 nM and B(max) of 7 fmol/mg protein at CT 18. Our results indicate that melatonin increased RP amplitude of crayfish retinular photoreceptors through MT(2)-like melatonin receptors. These data support the idea that melatonin is a signal of darkness for the circadian system in crayfish retinular cells. PMID:19666131

Mendoza-Vargas, Leonor; Solís-Chagoyán, Héctor; Benítez-King, Gloria; Fuentes-Pardo, Beatriz

2009-08-08

143

Diagnostic value and cost-benefit analysis of 24 hours ambulatory blood pressure monitoring in primary care in Portugal  

PubMed Central

Background Hypertensive patients (HTs) are usually attended in primary care (PC). We aimed to assess the diagnostic accuracy and cost-benefit ratio of 24-hour ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM) in all newly diagnosed hypertensive patients (HTs) attended in PC. Methods In a cross-sectional study ABPM was recorded in all 336 never treated HTs (Office BP ?140 and/or???90 mm Hg) that were admitted during 16 months. Since benefits from drug treatment in white-coat hypertension (WCH) remain unproven, a cost benefit estimation of a general use of ABPM (vs absence of ABPM) in HTs was calculated comparing the cost of usual medical assistance of HTs only diagnosed in office with that based both on refraining from drug treatment all subjects identified as WCH and on the reduction by half of the frequency of biochemical exams and doctor visits. Results Women were 56%, age 51?±?14 years and BMI 27?±?4 Kg/m2. Out of these, 206 were considered as true HTs, daytime ABPM???135 and/or ?85 mm Hg and 130 (38,7%) were identified as having white coat hypertension (WCH), daytime ABPM <135/85 mm Hg. Versus HTs, WCH group showed higher percentage of women (68% vs 51%) and lower values of an index composed by the association of cardiovascular risk factors. We estimated that with ABPM total medical expenses can be reduced by 23% (157.500 euros) with a strategy based on ABPM for 1000 patients followed for 2 years. Conclusions In PC, the widespread use of ABPM in newly diagnosed HTs increases diagnostic accuracy of hypertension, improves cardiovascular risk stratification, reduces health expenses showing a highly favourable benefit-cost ratio vs a strategy without ABPM.

2013-01-01

144

Regional precipitation-frequency analysis and spatial mapping for 24-hour and 2-hour durations for Washington State  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This study is an update of the information contained in the precipitation-frequency atlas published by the US National Weather Service in 1973. Data collection for the NWS study ended in 1966 while this study uses the current data base which more than doubles the record length used in the NWS study. Washington State has highly variable topography and climate; in particular Mean Annual Precipitation (MAP) varies from over 260 inches a year to less than 7 inches. Steep high mountain ranges provide very wet slopes as well as pronounced rain shadows with large climate changes occurring in relatively short distances. In addition there are four distinct sources for the atmospheric moisture needed for precipitation which gives rise to complex seasonal and spatial interactions. The PRISM mapping system used in this study has greatly improved the spatial mapping of precipitation and increased the reliability of estimates of precipitation in the broad areas between precipitation measurement stations. Further, the development and use of regional L-Moments has greatly improved the reliability of precipitation magnitude-frequency estimates, particularly for the rarer and more extreme storms. Washington State could be specified adequately by 12 regions for the purposes of estimating the 2-hour and 24 hour precipitation frequencies. Within each region algorithms were developed for L-CV and L-Skewness expressed as functions of the MAP. The GEV distribution was acceptable statistically for all regions up to the 1 in 500 recurrence interval, beyond which the four-parameter Kappa distribution is recommended. The estimated changes in precipitation magnitudes for a given frequency as regional boundaries were crossed were found to be small, and well within the expected differences likely from sampling errors. An interesting transition zone was observed at the eastern edge of the Cascade foothills, associated with the maxima having a seasonal change from autumn winter synoptic scale general storms in the west to spring summer maxima in the east that were produced by a mix of storm types. (Comment: storms were a mix of general storms and more-isolated convective storms).

Wallis, J. R.; Schaefer, M. G.; Barker, B. L.; Taylor, G. H.

2007-01-01

145

Urinary copper\\/zinc ratio: a promising parameter for replacement of 24-hour urinary copper excretion for diagnosis of Wilson’s disease in children  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background  Although 24-hour urinary copper excretion is valuable for diagnosis of Wilson’s disease, accurate, timed collection entails\\u000a practical difficulties. This study aimed to investigate the feasibility of morning urinary copper\\/creatinine or copper\\/zinc\\u000a ratio as replacement parameter for diagnosing Wilson’s disease.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Methods  Five random urinary samples collected during 24 hours from two inpatients were used to estimate the consistency of urinary\\u000a copper\\/creatinine and

Jian-She Wang; Yi Lu; Xiao-Hong Wang; Qi-Rong Zhu

2010-01-01

146

24-Hour ambulatory blood pressure associates inversely with prostaglandin F2?, interleukin-6 and F2-isoprostane formation in a Swedish population of older men  

PubMed Central

Vasoconstrictive prostaglandins (PGs), such as PGF2?, F2-isoprostanes, and systemic inflammation may be involved in the physiological regulation of blood pressure (BP) and the pathophysiology leading to hypertension. However, studies evaluating these parameters and BP in human populations are sparse. We analysed the cross-sectional associations between 24-hour ambulatory BP and urinary 15-keto-dihydro-PGF2? (indicator of PG-mediated vasoconstriction and inflammation), plasma interleukin-6 (IL-6), C-reactive protein (CRP), serum amyloid A (SAA) and urinary F2-isoprostanes (indicator of vasoconstriction and oxidative stress) in 619 men in a Swedish older population (Uppsala Longitudinal Study of Adult Men, age 78 years). Both systolic and diastolic 24-hour BP correlated inversely with concentrations of 15-keto-dihydro-PGF2? (P<0.01) and F2-isoprostanes (P<0.01) independent on other cardiovascular risk factors. Additionally, diastolic 24-hour BP inversely correlated with plasma IL-6 (P<0.05) and 24-hour pulse pressure showed a positive linear correlation with IL-6, CRP and SAA. In conclusion, high BP is associated with decreased formation of vasoconstrictive PGF2? and F2-isoprostanes in this population of older men. These findings, although unlike our original hypothesis, might have an important physiological function which needs to be further evaluated.

Helmersson-Karlqvist, Johanna; Bjorklund-Bodegard, Kristina; Larsson, Anders; Basu, Samar

2012-01-01

147

Case-control study of 24 hour ambulatory blood pressure in patients with obstructive sleep apnoea and normal matched control subjects  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUNDThere is considerable debate regarding the relationship between obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) and hypertension. It is unclear whether OSA is an independent vascular risk factor as studies attempting to assess this association have produced conflicting results because of confounding variables such as upper body obesity, alcohol, and smoking. A case-control study of 24 hour ambulatory blood pressure was undertaken in

Christopher W H Davies; Joy H Crosby; Rebecca L Mullins; Charles Barbour; Robert J O Davies; John R Stradling

2000-01-01

148

Fatality Assessment and Control Evaluation (FACE) Report: Fire Fighter-Driver/Engineer Suffers Heart Attack and Dies at the End of His 24-hour Shift in Hawaii.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

On April 2, 2001, a 52-year-old male career Fire Fighter-Driver/Engineer (FF-D/E) was approaching the end of his 24-hour shift. At approximately 0645 hours, the FF-D/E reported nausea and epigastric/ chest pain to awakening crewmembers. Alertly, these cre...

2004-01-01

149

Comparison of 24-hour intraocular pressure reduction with two dosing regimens of latanoprost and timolol maleate in patients with primary open-angle glaucoma  

Microsoft Academic Search

PURPOSE: To compare the 24-hour diurnal ocular hypotensive efficacy of two dosing regimens of latanoprost, once daily (8 am or 10 pm), vs timolol maleate, twice daily.METHODS: We measured six diurnal intraocular pressure curves (6 am, 10 am, 2 pm, 6 pm, 10 pm, and 2 am) in one randomly selected eye of 34 Greek patients newly diagnosed with primary

Anastasios G. P Konstas; Athanasios C Maltezos; Sofia Gandi; Alison C Hudgins; William C Stewart

1999-01-01

150

A comparison of admission and worst 24-hour Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation II scores in predicting hospital mortality: a retrospective cohort study  

Microsoft Academic Search

INTRODUCTION: The Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation (APACHE) II score is widely used in the intensive care unit (ICU) as a scoring system for research and clinical audit purposes. Physiological data for calculation of the APACHE II score are derived from the worst values in the first 24 hours after admission to the ICU. The collection of physiological data

Kwok M Ho; Geoffrey J Dobb; Matthew Knuiman; Judith Finn; Kok Y Lee; Steven AR Webb

2006-01-01

151

The Dutch Healthy Diet index (DHD-index): an instrument to measure adherence to the Dutch Guidelines for a Healthy Diet  

PubMed Central

Background The objective was to develop an index based on the Dutch Guidelines for a healthy Diet of 2006 that reflects dietary quality and to apply it to the Dutch National Food Consumption Survey (DNFCS) to examine the associations with micronutrient intakes. Methods A total of 749 men and women, aged 19–30?years, contributed two 24-hour recalls and additional questionnaires in the DNFCS of 2003. The Dutch Healthy Diet index (DHD-index) includes ten components representing the ten Dutch Guidelines for a Healthy Diet. Per component the score ranges between zero and ten, resulting in a total score between zero (no adherence) and 100 (complete adherence). Results The mean?±?SD of the DHD-index was 60.4?±?11.5 for women and 57.8?±?10.8 for men (P for difference?=?0.002). Each component score increased across the sex-specific quintiles of the DHD-index. An inverse association was observed between the sex-specific quintiles of the DHD-index and total energy intake. Calcium, riboflavin, and vitamin E intake decreased with increasing DHD-index, an inverse association which disappeared after energy adjustment. Vitamin C showed a positive association across quintiles, also when adjusted for energy. For folate, iron, magnesium, potassium, thiamin, and vitamin B6 a positive association emerged after adjustment for energy. Conclusions The DHD-index is capable of ranking participants according to their adherence to the Dutch Guidelines for a Healthy Diet by reflecting variation in nine out of ten components that constitute the index when based on two 24-hour recalls. Furthermore, the index showed to be a good measure of nutrient density of diets.

2012-01-01

152

Relationship of heart failure patients' knowledge, perceived barriers, and attitudes regarding low-sodium diet recommendations to adherence.  

PubMed

The purposes of this study were to describe heart failure patient perceptions regarding instructions received for following a low-sodium diet and the benefits, barriers, and ease and frequency of following the diet. A total of 246 patients with heart failure referred from academic medical centers in the United States and Australia participated in the study. A subset of 145 patients provided 24-hour urine samples for sodium excretion assessment. While most (80%) patients reported receiving recommendations to follow a low-sodium diet, their recall of specific instructions was poor. Although the majority (75%) reported following a low-sodium diet most or all of the time, 24-hour urine sodium excretion indicated that only 25% of patients were adherent. Patients who reported being more adherent, however, had lower urine sodium excretion levels. Attitudes regarding difficulty in and perceived benefits of following the diet were not related to sodium excretion. Data on attitudes and barriers provided guidance for strategies to improve adherence. PMID:18326994

Lennie, Terry A; Worrall-Carter, Linda; Hammash, Muna; Odom-Forren, Jan; Roser, Lynn P; Smith, Carol S; Trupp, Robin; Chung, Misook L; Moser, Debra K

2008-01-01

153

Diets  

MedlinePLUS

... and cellulose, are not effective for weight loss. Liquid Diets: Many people use liquid diets to lose weight, mainly because they are convenient. However, the contents of such liquids vary, and many are unlikely to be of ...

154

External Beam Radiotherapy Plus 24Hour Continuous Infusion of Gemcitabine in Unresectable Pancreatic Carcinoma: Long-Term Results of a Phase II Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose: To evaluate the efficacy of gemcitabine-based chemoradiation (CT-RT) in treating patients (pts) affected by locally advanced pancreatic cancers (LAPC). Methods and Materials: Weekly gemcitabine (100 mg\\/m²) was given as a 24-hour infusion during the course of three-dimensional radiotherapy (50.4 Gy to the tumor, 39.6 Gy to the nodes). After CT-RT, pts received five cycles of sequential chemotherapy with gemcitabine

Gian C. Mattiucci; Alessio G. Morganti; Vincenzo Valentini; Edy Ippolito; Sergio Alfieri; Armando Antinori; Antonio Crucitti; Giuseppe R. D'Agostino; Liberato Di Lullo; Stefano Luzi; Giovanna Mantini; Daniela Smaniotto; Gian B. Doglietto; Numa Cellini

2010-01-01

155

Anti–Nogo-A Antibody Infusion 24 Hours After Experimental Stroke Improved Behavioral Outcome and Corticospinal Plasticity in Normotensive and Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats  

Microsoft Academic Search

Nogo-A is a myelin-associated neurite outgrowth inhibitory protein limiting recovery and plasticity after central nervous system injury. In this study, a purified monoclonal anti–Nogo-A antibody (7B12) was evaluated in two rat stroke models with a time-to-treatment of 24 hours after injury. After photothrombotic cortical injury (PCI) and intraventricular infusion of a control mouse immunoglobulin G for 2 weeks, long-term contralateral

Christoph Wiessner; Florence M. Bareyre; Peter R. Allegrini; Anis K. Mir; Stefan Frentzel; Mauro Zurini; Lisa Schnell; Thomas Oertle; Martin E. Schwab

2003-01-01

156

Recombinant factor VIIA is associated with an improved 24-hour survival without an improvement in inpatient survival in massively transfused civilian trauma patients  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVE: To determine whether recombinant factor VIIa (rFVIIa) is associated with increased survival and/or thromboembolic complications. INTRODUCTION: Uncontrollable hemorrhage is the main cause of early mortality in trauma. rFVIIa has been suggested for the management of refractory hemorrhage. However, there is conflicting evidence about the survival benefit of rFVIIa in trauma. Furthermore, recent reports have raised concerns about increased thromboembolic events with rFVIIa use. METHODS: Consecutive massively transfused (? 8 units of red blood cells within 12 h) trauma patients were studied. Data on demographics, injury severity scores, baseline laboratory values and use of rFVIIa were collected. Rate of transfusion in the first 6 h was used as surrogate for bleeding. Study outcomes included 24?hour and in?hospital survival, and thromboembolic events. A multivariable logistic regression analysis was used to determine the impact of rFVIIa on 24?hour and in?hospital survival. RESULTS: Three?hundred and twenty?eight patients were massively transfused. Of these, 72 patients received rFVIIa. As expected, patients administered rFVIIa had a greater degree of shock than the non?rFVIIa group. Using logistic regression to adjust for predictors of death in the regression analysis, rFVIIa was a significant predictor of 24?hour survival (odds ratio (OR)?=? 2.65; confidence interval 1.26–5.59; p?=?0.01) but not of in?hospital survival (OR?=?1.63; confidence interval 0.79–3.37; p?=?0.19). No differences were seen in clinically relevant thromboembolic events. CONCLUSIONS: Despite being associated with improved 24?hour survival, rFVIIa is not associated with a late survival to discharge in massively transfused civilian trauma patients.

Nascimento, Bartolomeu; Lin, Yulia; Callum, Jeannie; Reis, Marciano; Pinto, Ruxandra; Rizoli, Sandro

2011-01-01

157

Increased O-linked ?-N-acetylglucosamine levels on proteins improves survival, reduces inflammation and organ damage 24 hours after trauma-hemorrhage in rats  

PubMed Central

Objective We have previously shown that increasing protein O-linked ?-N-acetylglucosamine (O-GlcNAc) levels by different mechanisms reduced inflammatory responses and improved organ function 2 hours after trauma-hemorrhage (T-H). The aim of the study was to evaluate the effects of O-GlcNAc levels on survival, inflammation and organ damage 24 hours after T-H. Design Prospective, randomized, controlled study. Setting Animal research laboratory. Subjects Male, adult Sprague-Dawley rats. Interventions Overnight fasted animals were subjected to either sham surgery (SH) or (T-H) and during the resuscitation phase received glucosamine (270 mg/Kg, GlcN) to increase O-GlcNAc synthesis or O-(2-Acetamido-2-deoxy-D-glucopyranosylidene)amino N-phenyl Carbamate, (7mg/Kg, PUGNAc) to inhibit O-GlcNAc removal, or mannitol as control (CON). Measurements and main results Survival was followed up for 24 hours. Surviving rats were euthanized and inflammatory responses, and end organ injuries were assessed. Both GlcN and PUGNAc increased 24 hours survival compared to controls (CON: 53%, GN: 85%, PUGNAc: 86%, logrank test, p<0.05). PUGNAc attenuated the T-H induced increase in serum IL-6 (SH: 8±6, CON: 181±36, PUGNAc: 42±22 pg/mL, p<0.05), ALT (SH: 95±14, CON: 297±56, PUGNAc: 126±21 IU, p<0.05), AST (SH: 536±110, CON: 1661±215, PUGNAc: 897±155 IU, p<0.05) and LDH (SH: 160±18, CON: 1499±311, PUGNAc: 357±99 IU, p<0.05); however, GlcN had no effect on these serum parameters. Furthermore, PUGNAc but not GlcN maintained O-GlcNAc levels in liver and lung and significantly attenuated the NF-?B DNA activation in the liver. In the liver and heart, increased iNOS expression was also attenuated in the PUGNAc treated group. Conclusions These results demonstrate that increasing O-GlcNAc with either GlcN or PUGNAc improved 24 hour survival after T-H. However, only PUGNAc treatment attenuated significantly the subsequent tissue injury and inflammatory responses, suggesting that inhibition of O-GlcNAc removal may represent a new therapeutic approach for the treatment of hypovolemic shock.

Not, Laszlo G; Brocks, Charlye A; Vamhidy, Laszlo; Marchase, Richard B; Chatham, John C

2011-01-01

158

The Most Amazing 24 Hours  

PubMed Central

In this column, a mother shares the story of her son's birth with her prenatal yoga instructor. The mother was able to work with her labor, was well supported by her husband and doula, and negotiated successfully with the hospital staff to have a safe, healthy birth. She describes how difficult labor is and the ways in which comfort and support strategies help women manage contractions.

Posner, Tracy

2010-01-01

159

Treatment of burns in the first 24 hours: simple and practical guide by answering 10 questions in a step-by-step form  

PubMed Central

Residents in training, medical students and other staff in surgical sector, emergency room (ER) and intensive care unit (ICU) or Burn Unit face a multitude of questions regarding burn care. Treatment of burns is not always straightforward. Furthermore, National and International guidelines differ from one region to another. On one hand, it is important to understand pathophysiology, classification of burns, surgical treatment, and the latest updates in burn science. On the other hand, the clinical situation for treating these cases needs clear guidelines to cover every single aspect during the treatment procedure. Thus, 10 questions have been organised and discussed in a step-by-step form in order to achieve the excellence of education and the optimal treatment of burn injuries in the first 24 hours. These 10 questions will clearly discuss referral criteria to the burn unit, primary and secondary survey, estimation of the total burned surface area (%TBSA) and the degree of burns as well as resuscitation process, routine interventions, laboratory tests, indications of Bronchoscopy and special considerations for Inhalation trauma, immediate consultations and referrals, emergency surgery and admission orders. Understanding and answering the 10 questions will not only cover the management process of Burns during the first 24 hours but also seems to be an interactive clear guide for education purpose.

2012-01-01

160

Reproducibility and diagnostic value of E100 event recorder for patients with complains on heart arrhythmias and no changes on multiple routine ECGs and 24-hour holter monitoring.  

PubMed

Aim of the study was to assess reproducibility and diagnostic value of E100 event recorder for patients with complains on heart arrhythmias and no abnormalities on multiple routine ECGs and/or 24-hour Holter ECG monitoring and the second one, an assessment of adherence and attitude of patients to the E100 event recorder, dependent on the results of self- assessment questionnaires. 24 patients with complains on heart arrhythmias were included in the study. All the patients were provided with the REKA E100 event monitors for 5 ± 2 days and self-assessment questionnaires to assess level of adherence and attitude of patients to the E100 event recorder. E100 event recorders revealed junctional rhythm (n=2), AV nodal reentrant tachycardia (n=2), extrasystolic arrhythmias (n=10), atrial fibrillation (n=2), WPW syndrome (n=4), ventricular tachycardia (n=1), sinus tachycardia (n=7) and complete AV block (n=1). Majority of patients consider device as easy to use, comfortable and safe. In comparison with multiple routine ECGs and 24-hour Holter ECG monitoring, E100 event recorders showed higher reproducibility and efficacy for detecting and interpreting heart arrhythmias. PMID:22466537

Rekhviashvili, A; Baganashvili, E; Tan, K Y; Raymakers, F; Sakandelidze, Ts

2012-02-01

161

Effects of telmisartan on office and 24-hour ambulatory blood pressure: an observational study in hypertensive patients managed in primary care  

PubMed Central

Purpose: Although elevated blood pressure (BP) predicts future cardiovascular events, recommended BP targets often is not reached in the general community. In a clinical real-life setting we evaluated BP impact and tolerability of the angiotensin-II receptor blocker telmisartan in patients with essential hypertension. Patients and methods: Patients in this observational study not at target BP started or switched to telmisartan monotherapy (40 or 80 mg) or a fixed-dose combination of telmisartan and hydrochlorothiazide (HCT) 80 mg/12.5 mg. Office and 24-hour ambulatory BP (AMBP) were measured before and after 8 weeks of treatment and physicians reported perceived drug efficacy and tolerability as “Very good”, “Good”, “Moderate” or “Bad”. Results: 100 patients (34% female, 60 years, BMI 29.4 kg/m2, mean office BP 159/92 mmHg) of whom 38% were treatment naïve and 30%, 17%, 9% and 6% respectively were on 1, 2, 3 or 4 BP-lowering drugs, completed 8 weeks of treatment. The proportion of patients with office BP < 140/90 mmHg increased from 3% to 54% for systolic (P < 0.001), 38% to 75% for diastolic (P < 0.001), and 2% to 45% for systolic and diastolic BP (P < 0.001). A significant effect on BP levels was seen in patients being either treatment naïve or on 1 to 3 BP-lowering drugs at study entry, whereas no BP improvement occurred in those who switched from 4 drugs. Overall, mean 24-hour AMBP was reduced from 141/85 to 131/79 mmHg (P < 0.001). Drug efficacy and tolerability were perceived as “Very good” or “Good” by 44%/34% and 66%/27%, respectively. No drug discontinuations or serious adverse events were observed. Conclusions: In this observational study, telmisartan 40 to 80 mg, or the fixed-dose combination telmisartan 80 mg/HCT 12.5 mg, significantly increased the number of patients reaching target BP < 140/90 mmHg if treatment naïve or previously receiving 1 to 3 BP-lowering drugs. The BP reduction achieved was sustained for 24-hour and treatment tolerability was high.

Kontny, Frederic; Risanger, Terje; Bye, Arne; Arnesen, ?yvind; Johansen, Odd Erik

2010-01-01

162

Are energy dense diets also nutrient dense?  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Some beverages are nutrient dense, but they are often excluded from nutrient density calculations. The purpose of this study was to assess whether the energy-nutrient association changed when beverages were included in these calculations. Applying a cross-sectional design, a 24-hour dietary recall ...

163

Retrieval opportunities while multitasking improve name recall.  

PubMed

In two experiments we tested whether providing retrieval opportunities while people were multitasking would improve memory for names. College students (n=195) in Experiment 1 did addition problems and intermittently were "introduced" to 12 face-name pairs to learn. For half the names students were given three within-list retrieval opportunities. Name recall (cued with the faces) was tested either immediately or after 24 hours. Retrieval opportunities improved name recall with both immediate and delayed tests. Experiment 2 more closely resembled the multitasking required in a real-life social situation. College students (n=98) viewed a videotape and were asked to learn the names of 12 dormitory residents who were introduced during an ongoing conversation. Retrieval opportunities were provided for 8 of the 12 residents by having them appear three additional times in the video without repeating their names. Retrieval opportunities improved name recall, but the effect was much smaller than in Experiment 1. The present research demonstrates that distributed retrieval can be effective when people are multitasking including when the multitasking involves a conversation. PMID:18821268

Helder, Elizabeth; Shaughnessy, John J

2008-09-27

164

Achieving a predictable 24-hour return to normal activities after breast augmentation: part II. Patient preparation, refined surgical techniques, and instrumentation.  

PubMed

The goal of this study was to develop practices that would allow patients undergoing subpectoral augmentation to predictably return to full normal activities within 24 hours after the operation, free of postoperative adjuncts. Part I of this study used motion and time study principles to reduce operative times, medication dosages, perioperative morbidity, and recovery times in augmentation mammaplasty. Part II of the study focuses on details of patient education, preoperative planning, instrumentation, and surgical technique modifications that were identified, modified, and implemented to achieve the results reported in part I. Two groups of 16 patients each (groups 1 and 2) were studied retrospectively for comparison to a third group of 627 patients (group 3) studied prospectively. Patients in group 1 had axillary partial retropectoral breast augmentations in 1982-1983, using dissociative anesthesia, blunt instrument implant pocket dissection, and Dow Corning, double-lumen implants containing 20 mg of methylprednisolone and 20 cc of saline in the outer lumen of the implants. Patients in group 2 (1990) had inframammary, retromammary augmentations by using a combination of blunt and electrocautery dissection, Surgitek Replicon polyurethane-covered, silicone gel-filled implants, and general endotracheal anesthesia. Patients in group 3 (1998 to 2001, n = 627) had inframammary partial retropectoral, inframammary retromammary, and axillary partial retropectoral augmentations under general endotracheal anesthesia. Refined practices and surgical techniques from studies of groups 1 and 2 were applied in group 3. Videotapes from operative procedures of groups 1 and 2 were analyzed with macromotion and micromotion study principles, and tables of events were formulated for each move during the operation for all personnel in the operating room. Extensive details of surgical technique were examined and reexamined in 13 different stages by using principles of motion and time studies described in part I of this study to maximize efficiency without any change in quality. Unnecessary or unproductive motions and techniques were progressively eliminated, and essential, productive techniques were streamlined to eliminate wasted time and motion. Instrumentation and surgical techniques were evaluated in detail and modified to minimize bleeding and tissue trauma. Detailed data were presented in part I of this study that document shorter operative times, recovery times, time to discharge home, and time to return to normal activities. This part focuses on the patient education, preoperative planning, instrumentation, and surgical technique changes that were implemented on the basis of the findings in part I of the study. More extensive patient information integrated with staged informed consent resulted in a more in formed and confident patient. Applying motion and time study principles to analysis and refinement of instrumentation and surgical techniques resulted in a substantial reduction in perioperative morbidity and a simpler, shorter 24-hour return to full normal activity for 96 percent of the patients undergoing breast augmentation in group 3 compared with groups 1 and 2. More than 96 percent of patients in group 3 were able to return to normal activities, lift their arms above their heads, lift normal-weight objects, and drive their car within 24 hours after their partial retropectoral breast augmentation. Patient education, preoperative planning, instrumentation, and surgical technique modifications based on motion and time study video analyses reduced surgical trauma and bleeding, reduced perioperative morbidity, and allowed 96 percent of 627 breast augmentation patients in group 3 a predictable return to full, normal activity in 24 hours or less. Specific surgical factors that contributed to these results included (1) prospective hemostasis techniques with a zero tolerance for even the smallest amount of bleeding, (2) strict "no-touch" techniques for periosteum and perichondrium, (3) eliminating all blunt dissection, (4) per

Tebbetts, John B

2006-12-01

165

Achieving a predictable 24-hour return to normal activities after breast augmentation: Part II. Patient preparation, refined surgical techniques, and instrumentation.  

PubMed

The goal of this study was to develop practices that would allow patients undergoing subpectoral augmentation to predictably return to full normal activities within 24 hours after the operation, free of postoperative adjuncts. Part I of this study used motion and time study principles to reduce operative times, medication dosages, perioperative morbidity, and recovery times in augmentation mammaplasty. Part II of the study focuses on details of patient education, preoperative planning, instrumentation, and surgical technique modifications that were identified, modified, and implemented to achieve the results reported in part I. Two groups of 16 patients each (groups 1 and 2) were studied retrospectively for comparison to a third group of 627 patients (group 3) studied prospectively. Patients in group 1 had axillary partial retropectoral breast augmentations in 1982-1983, using dissociative anesthesia, blunt instrument implant pocket dissection, and Dow Corning, double-lumen implants containing 20 mg of methylprednisolone and 20 cc of saline in the outer lumen of the implants. Patients in group 2 (1990) had inframammary, retromammary augmentations by using a combination of blunt and electrocautery dissection, Surgitek Replicon polyurethane-covered, silicone gel-filled implants, and general endotracheal anesthesia. Patients in group 3 (1998 to 2001, n = 627) had inframammary partial retropectoral, inframammary retromammary, and axillary partial retropectoral augmentations under general endotracheal anesthesia. Refined practices and surgical techniques from studies of groups 1 and 2 were applied in group 3. Videotapes from operative procedures of groups 1 and 2 were analyzed with macromotion and micromotion study principles, and tables of events were formulated for each move during the operation for all personnel in the operating room. Extensive details of surgical technique were examined and reexamined in 13 different stages by using principles of motion and time studies described in part I of this study to maximize efficiency without any change in quality. Unnecessary or unproductive motions and techniques were progressively eliminated, and essential, productive techniques were streamlined to eliminate wasted time and motion. Instrumentation and surgical techniques were evaluated in detail and modified to minimize bleeding and tissue trauma. Detailed data were presented in part I of this study that document shorter operative times, recovery times, time to discharge home, and time to return to normal activities. This part focuses on the patient education, preoperative planning, instrumentation, and surgical technique changes that were implemented on the basis of the findings in part I of the study. More extensive patient information integrated with staged informed consent resulted in a more informed and confident patient. Applying motion and time study principles to analysis and refinement of instrumentation and surgical techniques resulted in a substantial reduction in perioperative morbidity and a simpler, shorter 24-hour return to full normal activity for 96 percent of the patients undergoing breast augmentation in group 3 compared with groups 1 and 2. More than 96 percent of patients in group 3 were able to return to normal activities, lift their arms above their heads, lift normal-weight objects, and drive their car within 24 hours after their partial retropectoral breast augmentation. Patient education, preoperative planning, instrumentation, and surgical technique modifications based on motion and time study video analyses reduced surgical trauma and bleeding, reduced perioperative morbidity, and allowed 96 percent of 627 breast augmentation patients in group 3 a predictable return to full, normal activity in 24 hours or less. Specific surgical factors that contributed to these results included (1) prospective hemostasis techniques with a zero tolerance for even the smallest amount of bleeding, (2) strict "no-touch" techniques for periosteum and perichondrium, (3) eliminating all blunt dissection, (4) perf

Tebbetts, John B

2002-01-01

166

Medical Device Recalls  

MedlinePLUS

... Vaccines, Blood & Biologics Animal & Veterinary Cosmetics Tobacco Products Medical Devices Home Medical Devices Medical Device Safety Medical Device ... Learn more about medical device recalls here . - Recent Medical Device Recalls Listed by date posted on FDA website. ...

167

Cued recall in Amnesia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Use of a search procedure to control processing during learning results in apparently normal cued recall by some amnesic patients with impaired free-recall learning. This suggests that their ability to encode and retrieve may be relatively intact when they are induced to carry out effective processing during learning. When processing is controlled during learning, cued recall should be useful for

Herman Buschke

1984-01-01

168

Long?term (24?year) recall reliability in cancer cases and controls using a 21?item food frequency questionnaire  

Microsoft Academic Search

The following two questions concerning diet recall were addressed when studying 117 incident cancer cases and 99 controls from the Adventist Mortality Study. Are recalls of past dietary habits reliable? Does recall ability differ between cancer cases and controls? Two sets of dietary data were compared using the American Cancer Society's food frequency questionnaire—as reported in 1960 and recalled in

Kristian D. Lindsted; Jan W. Kuzma

1989-01-01

169

Changes in biomarkers and 24 hours blood pressure in hypertensive African Americans with the metabolic syndrome: Comparison of amlodipine/olmesartan versus hydrochlorothiazide/losartan.  

PubMed

We evaluated the efficacy of amlodipine and olmesartan (A/O; Azor) versus losartan and hydrochlorothiazide (L/H; Hyzaar), on changes in serum and urine biomarkers of inflammation and oxidation, neutrophil reactive oxygen species generation, and changes in systolic blood pressure (BP), diastolic BP, and heart rate as measured with 24 hours ambulatory BP monitoring in a high-risk, hypertensive African-American population with the metabolic syndrome. Sixty-six African-American subjects with Stage 1 and 2 hypertension and characteristics of the metabolic syndrome were treated in open-label, active comparator fashion for 20 weeks. After 14 weeks of therapy, treatment with A/O had a significant effect on reducing the production of reactive oxygen series, plasminogen activator inhibitor-1, F2 isoprostane, myeloperoxidase, and homeostasis model assessment for insulin resistance while L/H treatment only significantly lowered levels of plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 and homeostasis model assessment for insulin resistance. Treatment with A/O showed a trend of a more immediate and sustained systolic and diastolic BP-lowering, as well as night time BP reduction. In addition to a trend toward lower blood pressure, treatment with A/O in comparison with L/H has superior efficacy in reducing reactive oxygen species generation and production of inflammatory and oxidative biomarkers in a hypertensive African-American population with features of the metabolic syndrome. PMID:23835112

Merchant, Nadya; Rahman, Syed T; Ahmad, Mushtaq; Parrott, Janice M; Johnson, Julie; Ferdinand, Keith C; Khan, Bobby V

2013-07-05

170

Evaluation of the effects of duloxetine and escitalopram on 24-hour heart rate variability: a mechanistic study using heart rate variability as a pharmacodynamic measure.  

PubMed

A decrease in heart rate variability (HRV) can indicate increased sympathetic nervous system activity and possibly increased norepinephrine levels. In this randomized, placebo- and escitalopram (ESC)-controlled, subject-blind, 2-period, crossover study, 26 healthy subjects 50 to 65 years old received duloxetine (DLX) 60 mg once daily or ESC 20 mg once daily for 11 days, each in sequential study periods separated by a 10-day or more washout period. Continuous electrocardiogram recordings were obtained by Holter monitoring (baseline, day 9, and day 10 of treatment). Duloxetine and ESC did not produce any clinically significant effects on standard measures of HRV, which included SD of normal R-R intervals and the root mean square difference among successive R-R normal intervals index values, mean change in SD of normal R-R intervals, and frequency domain analysis. However, treatment with DLX was associated with significantly less change from baseline in total beats per 24 hours than ESC, which was an unexpected finding compared with previous observations in which vital signs were measured at a specific time point while awake. In conclusion, in healthy adults exposed to DLX or ESC, no clinically significant effects on HRV were observed. PMID:23422380

Chappell, Jill C; Kovacs, Richard; Haber, Harry; Wright, Ryan; Mitchell, Malcolm I; Detke, Michael; Pangallo, Beth

2013-04-01

171

Consuming eggs for breakfast influences plasma glucose and ghrelin, while reducing energy intake during the next 24 hours in adult men.  

PubMed

We hypothesized that consuming eggs for breakfast would significantly lower postprandial satiety and energy intake throughout the day. Using a crossover design, 21 men, 20 to 70 years old, consumed 2 isoenergetic test breakfasts, in a random order separated by 1 week. The macronutrient composition of the test breakfasts were as follows: (EGG, % CHO/fat/protein = 22:55:23) and (BAGEL, % CHO/fat/protein = 72:12:16). Fasting blood samples were drawn at baseline before the test breakfast and at 30, 60, 120, and 180 minutes after breakfast. After 180 minutes, subjects were given a buffet lunch and asked to eat until satisfied. Subjects filled out Visual Analog Scales (VAS) during each blood draw and recorded food intake the days before and after the test breakfasts. Plasma glucose, insulin, and appetite hormones were analyzed at each time point. Subjects consumed fewer kilocalories after the EGG breakfast compared with the BAGEL breakfast (P< .01). In addition, subjects consumed more kilocalories in the 24-hour period after the BAGEL compared with the EGG breakfast (P < .05). Based on VAS, subjects were hungrier and less satisfied 3 hours after the BAGEL breakfast compared with the EGG breakfast (P < .01). Participants had higher plasma glucose area under the curve (P < .05) as well as an increased ghrelin and insulin area under the curve with BAGEL (P < .05). These findings suggest that consumption of eggs for breakfast results in less variation of plasma glucose and insulin, a suppressed ghrelin response, and reduced energy intake. PMID:20226994

Ratliff, Joseph; Leite, Jose O; de Ogburn, Ryan; Puglisi, Michael J; VanHeest, Jaci; Fernandez, Maria Luz

2010-02-01

172

Daily spinal mechanical loading as a risk factor for acute non-specific low back pain: a case-control study using the 24-Hour Schedule.  

PubMed

A case-control study was conducted to assess the daily loading of the spine as a risk factor for acute non-specific low back pain (acute LBP). Acute LBP is a benign, self-limiting disease, with a recovery rate of 80-90% within 6 weeks irrespective of the treatment type. Unfortunately, recurrence rates are high. Therefore, prevention of acute LBP could be beneficial. The 24-Hour Schedule (24HS) is a questionnaire developed to quantify physical spinal loading, which is regarded as a potential and modifiable risk factor for acute and recurrent low back pain. A total of 100 cases with acute LBP and 100 controls from a primary care setting were included. Cases and controls completed questionnaires regarding acute LBP status and potential risk factors. Trained examiners blinded to subjects' disease status (acute LBP or not) assessed spinal loading using the 24HS. The mean difference of 24HS sum-scores between groups was statistically significant (P < 0.0001). After multivariate regression analysis, previous episode(s), the 24HS and the Nottingham Health Profile were associated with the presence of acute LBP. High 24HS scores, indicating longer and more intensive spinal loading in flexed position, are strongly associated with acute LBP. PMID:16649030

Bakker, Eric W P; Verhagen, Arianne P; Lucas, Cees; Koning, Hans J C M F; de Haan, Rob J; Koes, Bart W

2006-04-29

173

[Evaluation of blood pressure changes and heart rate in young health men based on results of a 24-hour monitoring of pressure].  

PubMed

Systolic and diastolic blood pressures and heart rate were monitored in a group of 20 young healthy men for 24 hours. Period of time between 8 o'clock a.m. and 10 o'clock p.m. was treated as waking state whereas period of time from 12 p.m. to 6 a.m. as sleep phase. Mean value of systolic blood pressure for waking state was 124.6 +/- 7.6 mm Hg, and for sleep phase 110.4 +/- 11.5 mm Hg. (p < .001). Mean diastolic blood pressures were also significantly different (76.5 +/- 5.9 mm Hg and 63.8 +/- 7.7 mm Hg, respectively), the same concerns heart rate (79.6 +/- 6.4 and 63.0-7.2 min-1, respectively). In both cases p < .001. To evaluate dependence of heart rate on systolic blood pressure in waking state the following calculation was made: HR = 0.230 x systolic blood pressure +51.4 (r = 0.24; p < .001) whereas for sleep phase r did not reach a level of statistical significance (HR = 0.074 x systolic blood pressure + 53.9; r = 0.094). Single or even multiple measurements of the arterial blood pressure are not sufficient to evaluate circadian changes. PMID:1845662

Narkiewicz, K; Furma?ski, J; Rynkiewicz, A; Kubasik, A; Krupa-Wojciechowska, B

174

Lactate clearance for death prediction in severe sepsis or septic shock patients during the first 24 hours in Intensive Care Unit: an observational study  

PubMed Central

Background This study was design to investigate the prognostic value for death at day-28 of lactate course and lactate clearance during the first 24 hours in Intensive Care Unit (ICU), after initial resuscitation. Methods Prospective, observational study in one surgical ICU in a university hospital. Ninety-four patients hospitalized in the ICU for severe sepsis or septic shock were included. In this septic cohort, we measured blood lactate concentration at ICU admission (H0) and at H6, H12, and H24. Lactate clearance was calculated as followed: [(lactateinitial - lactatedelayed)/ lactateinitial] x 100%]. Results The mean time between severe sepsis diagnosis and H0 (ICU admission) was 8.0 ± 4.5 hours. Forty-two (45%) patients died at day 28. Lactate clearance was higher in survivors than in nonsurvivors patients for H0-H6 period (13 ± 38% and ?13 ± 7% respectively, p = 0.021) and for the H0-H24 period (42 ± 33% and ?17 ± 76% respectively, p < 0.001). The best predictor of death at day 28 was lactate clearance for the H0-H24 period (AUC = 0.791; 95% CI 0.6-0.85). Logistic regression found that H0-H24 lactate clearance was independently correlated to a survival status with a p = 0.047 [odds ratio = 0.35 (95% CI 0.01-0.76)]. Conclusions During the first 24 hr in the ICU, lactate clearance was the best parameter associated with 28-day mortality rate in septic patients. Protocol of lactate clearance-directed therapy should be considered in septic patients, even after the golden hours.

2013-01-01

175

Evidence for Long-period (14-30 Days) and Against Short-period (12-24 Hours) Tidal Modulation of Volcanic Tremor at Arenal Volcano, Costa Rica  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Many studies have sought a correlation between the occurrence of earthquakes or volcanic activity and various Earth tide components, which would provide evidence for external tidal modulation of these geophysical phenomena. Several studies of short duration seismic experiments at Arenal Volcano in Costa Rica have found evidence of diurnal and semi-diurnal tidal periodicities in the seismic record. However, studies at other volcanoes, using longer time series, with improved spectral resolution, do not find tidal peaks in the seismic spectrum, but rather solar peaks (at exactly 12 and/or 24 hours), suggesting that the modulation is caused not by tidal stresses, but by weather related parameters - temperature, barometric pressure, rainfall. In contrast, recent studies of nonvolcanic tremor in the subduction zones of Japan and Cascadia do find evidence for tidal modulation of tremor activity with a period of 12.4 hours. Thus, the questions of whether or not earthquakes and volcanoes are triggered by external forces, and if so, whether these forces are related to elastic tides or to weather, are still highly relevant. We examine a continuous, 302-day long recording of ground motion at Arenal Volcano, Costa Rica, for potential solar and lunar periodicities in the volcanic seismicity. No evidence is found for significant energy in the semidiurnal (near 12 hr) or diurnal (near 24 hr) frequency bands, in contrast to previous, lower- resolution studies at Arenal. However, analysis with multi-taper method (MTM) and singular spectrum analysis (SSA) reveals significant low-frequency (f < .005 cycles/hr) energy in the tremor and explosivity series, including 14 and 30-day quasi-periodic components, relative to a red noise hypothesis. We attempt to fit the data to long-period tidal frequencies in order to verify potential tidal modulation of the long-period seismic energy at Arenal.

Hagerty, M. T.; Schwartz, S.; Revenaugh, J.

2008-12-01

176

Association of body mass index and regional fat distribution with blood pressure investigated by 24-hour ambulatory blood pressure monitoring in android-type obese.  

PubMed

In 46 female outpatients with android-type obesity, body mass index (BMI) 36.6 +/- 1.0, waist to hip ratio (WHR) > 0.86, and normal glucose tolerance (NGT) who were hypertensive at entry study [blood pressure (BP) > 140/90 mm Hg] and in 10 clinically healthy, nonobese, normotensive women, we evaluated the relationship between BMI, fat mass, WHR, fasting blood glucose, sum of blood glucose levels during oral glucose tolerance test and casual BP levels, 24-h ambulatory BP monitoring (ABP) parameters as the 24-hour mean, day-time mean, night-time mean and, by using a periodic model of cosine regression, MESOR (midline estimating statistic of rhythm), amplitude, acrophase, and baric impact. In android obese women, a negative correlation between ABP levels (day-/night-time, MESOR, and baric impact of systolic BP; night-time and MESOR of diastolic BP) and BMI has been documented. A positive correlation between systolic BP (casual, night-time mean, MESOR, amplitude, and baric impact), diastolic baric impact, and the WHR has been found. No correlation has been demonstrated between ABP monitoring parameters, and BMI, body fat, and WHR in the control group. Our data could suggest that, when enrolling obese subjects, it must be taken into account that obesity is a heterogeneous disorder. There are in fact obese subjects with normal or impaired glucose tolerance, as well as diabetics with moderate to severe obesity and with gynecoid or android-type obesity. In our android obese subjects with NGT, the WHR rather than the BMI was found to be a better predictor of hypertension.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS) PMID:7750157

Guagnano, M T; Cugini, P; Merlitti, D; Murri, R; Palitti, V P; Sensi, S

1995-02-01

177

External Beam Radiotherapy Plus 24-Hour Continuous Infusion of Gemcitabine in Unresectable Pancreatic Carcinoma: Long-Term Results of a Phase II Study  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: To evaluate the efficacy of gemcitabine-based chemoradiation (CT-RT) in treating patients (pts) affected by locally advanced pancreatic cancers (LAPC). Methods and Materials: Weekly gemcitabine (100 mg/m{sup 2}) was given as a 24-hour infusion during the course of three-dimensional radiotherapy (50.4 Gy to the tumor, 39.6 Gy to the nodes). After CT-RT, pts received five cycles of sequential chemotherapy with gemcitabine (1000 mg/m{sup 2}; 1, 8, q21). Response rate was assessed according to World Health Organization criteria 6 weeks after the end of CT-RT. Local control (LC), time to progression (TTP), metastases-free survival (MFS), and overall survival (OS) were analyzed by the Kaplan Meier method. Results: Forty pts (male/female 22/18; median age 62 years, range, 36-76) were treated from 2000 to 2005. The majority had T4 tumour (n = 34, 85%), six pts (15%) had T3 tumour. Sixteen pts (40%) were node positive at diagnosis. Grade 3-4 acute toxicity was observed in 21 pts (52.5%). Thirty pts (75%) completed the treatment schedule. A clinical response was achieved in 12 pts (30%). With a median follow-up of 76 months (range, 32-98), 2-year LC was 39.6% (median, 12 months), 2-year TTP was 18.4% (median, 10 months), and 2-year MFS was 29.7% (median, 10 months). Two-year OS (25%; median, 15.5 months) compared with our previous study on 5-fluorouracil-based CT-RT (2.8%) was significantly improved (p <0.001). Conclusions: Gemcitabine CT-RT seems correlated with improved outcomes. Healthier patients who are likely to complete the treatment schedule may benefit most from this therapy.

Mattiucci, Gian C. [Department of Radiotherapy, Policlinico Universitario Agostino Gemelli, Catholic University, Rome (Italy); Morganti, Alessio G. [Department of Radiotherapy, John Paul II Center for High Technology Research and Education in Biomedical Sciences, Campobasso (Italy); Valentini, Vincenzo [Department of Radiotherapy, Policlinico Universitario Agostino Gemelli, Catholic University, Rome (Italy); Ippolito, Edy, E-mail: edypo@hotmail.i [Department of Radiotherapy, Policlinico Universitario Agostino Gemelli, Catholic University, Rome (Italy); Alfieri, Sergio [Department of Digestive Surgery, Policlinico Universitario Agostino Gemelli, Catholic University, Rome (Italy); Antinori, Armando; Crucitti, Antonio [Department of Surgery, Policlinico Universitario Agostino Gemelli, Catholic University, Rome (Italy); D'Agostino, Giuseppe R. [Department of Radiotherapy, Policlinico Universitario Agostino Gemelli, Catholic University, Rome (Italy); Di Lullo, Liberato [Department of Medical Oncology, General Hospital, Isernia (Italy); Luzi, Stefano; Mantini, Giovanna; Smaniotto, Daniela [Department of Radiotherapy, Policlinico Universitario Agostino Gemelli, Catholic University, Rome (Italy); Doglietto, Gian B. [Department of Digestive Surgery, Policlinico Universitario Agostino Gemelli, Catholic University, Rome (Italy); Cellini, Numa [Department of Radiotherapy, Policlinico Universitario Agostino Gemelli, Catholic University, Rome (Italy)

2010-03-01

178

Anatomy of a recall.  

PubMed

Pet foods on the market that are contaminated or otherwise present a health risk to humans or animals may be subject to a recall under US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) regulations. Legally, all recalls are "voluntary," but there is little incentive for companies to refuse a request by FDA to conduct a recall. While the firm does the bulk of the work, FDA oversees all aspects of a recall to help ensure that violative product is swiftly removed from the market. A recent new federal law will require FDA to improve its abilities to detect outbreaks of pet food-borne illness, respond to a contamination incident, and communicate with industry and the public on the matter of recalls. Veterinarians play a key role in detecting and reporting pet food-borne illness. PMID:18656840

Dzanis, David A

2008-08-01

179

Recalls.gov  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

While many of us often hear about various product recalls, it can be difficult at times to find a one-stop online service center to see if any particular type of product has been recalled recently. The launch of this helpful website, provided by the federal government, should help alleviate the problem. Six federal agencies (such as the FDA, USDA, and several others) have joined together to bring pertinent recall information to the American public. The site is quite user-friendly, as visitors can click on one of six tabs (such as Consumer Products, Boats, or Food) to find out current information on current and recent recalls from across the United States. One particularly helpful feature includes the ability to sign to receive electronic newsletters and updates from the appropriate agencies when various products are deemed unsafe or when a recall is issued. Appropriately enough, the materials on the site are also available in Spanish.

180

Improved Cerebral Perfusion Pressures and 24-Hour Neurological Survival in a Porcine Model of Cardiac Arrest with Active Compression Decompression Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation and Augmentation of Negative Intrathoracic Pressure  

PubMed Central

Objective Generation of negative intrathoracic pressure during the decompression phase of cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) enhances the refilling of the heart. We tested the hypothesis that when compared with closed chest manual chest compressions (CC) at 80 CC per minute (CPR at 80CC/min), treatment with active compression decompression (ACD) CPR at 80 CC/min combined with augmentation of negative intrathoracic pressure would lower intracranial pressure (ICP) and increase cerebral perfusion thereby improving neurologically intact survival rates following prolonged untreated cardiac arrest. Design Prospective, randomized animal study. Setting: Animal laboratory facilities. Subjects A total of 26 female farm pigs in two different protocols (n=17 and n=9). Interventions, Measurements and Main Results 17 pigs were subjected to 8.5 minutes of untreated ventricular fibrillation and prospectively randomized to CPR at 80 CC/min or ACD CPR at 80 CC/min plus an impedance threshold device (ITD). Coronary perfusion pressures (29.5 ± 2.7 versus 22.4 ± 1.6 mmHg, p=0.03), carotid blood flow (44.0 ± 12.2 versus 30.9 ± 10.4, p=0.03), and 24-hour neurological survival (88% versus 22%, p=0.015) were higher with ACD CPR + ITD. Cerebral perfusion pressures, measured in 9 additional pigs, were improved with ACD CPR + ITD (21.9 ± 1.2 versus 8.9 ± 0.8 mmHg, p<0.0001). With ACD CPR + ITD, mean diastolic ICP during decompression was lower (12.2 ± 0.2 versus 16.6 ± 1.2 mmHg, p=0.02) and the downward slope of the decompression phase ICP curve was steeper (-60.3 ± 12.9 versus -46.7 ± 11.1 mmHg/sec, p<0.001). Conclusions ACD CPR + ITD increased cerebral perfusion pressures and lowered diastolic ICP and ICP rate during the decompression phase. These mechanisms may underlie the observed increase in cerebral perfusion pressure, carotid blood flow and survival rates with favorable neurologic outcomes in this pig model of cardiac arrest.

Metzger, Anja K; Herman, Margot; McKnite, Scott; Tang, Wanchun; Yannopoulos, Demetris

2013-01-01

181

2010 Biologics Recalls  

Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research (CBER)

... 7/27/2010, Verax Biomedical Platelet PGD Test Devices, P100T, Platelet PGD Test Devices, There is a potential for a false negative to occur with the ... More results from www.fda.gov/biologicsbloodvaccines/safetyavailability/recalls

182

Recall of Panoscreen lll  

Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research (CBER)

... Norcross, Georgia. REASON: It has come to Immucor's attention that Panoscreen III, lot 24223 does not include an S positive donor cell. ... More results from www.fda.gov/biologicsbloodvaccines/safetyavailability/recalls

183

2012 Biologics Recalls  

Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research (CBER)

... Fenwal identified an assembly issue with the 4R3459 Blood-Pack Unit in which the satellite bag used for the storage of platelets was PL146 instead ... More results from www.fda.gov/biologicsbloodvaccines/safetyavailability/recalls

184

2013 Biologics Recalls  

Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research (CBER)

... Lot Number V133096. After shipment, it was discovered that there was a mistake in the antigen profile prepared and shipped with ALBAcyte ... More results from www.fda.gov/biologicsbloodvaccines/safetyavailability/recalls

185

Recalled Infant Formula Badge  

Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition (CFSAN)

... purposes only. It was current when produced, but is no longer maintained and may be outdated. Enter Search terms. Food. ... More results from www.fda.gov/food/recalls,%20outbreaks%20&%20emergencies/safetyalertsadvisories

186

2011 Biologics Recalls  

Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research (CBER)

... Baxter Healthcare Corporation is notifying customers of a labeling error affecting the expiration date of the Sterile Water for Injection that is ... More results from www.fda.gov/biologicsbloodvaccines/safetyavailability/recalls

187

2010 Drug Recalls  

Center for Drug Evaluation (CDER)

... December 23, 2010 American Regent Initiates Nationwide Voluntary Recall of Sodium Bicarbonate Injection, USP 7.5% and 8.4%, 50mL Single ... More results from www.fda.gov/drugs/drugsafety/drugrecalls

188

2004 Biologics Recalls  

Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research (CBER)

... four lots of Imovax Rabies, Rabies Vaccine (Human Diploid Cell) that were distributed in the US This is a precautionary measure stemming from the ... More results from www.fda.gov/biologicsbloodvaccines/safetyavailability/recalls

189

Fatality Assessment and Control Evaluation (FACE) Report: After Working Three Consecutive 24-Hour Shifts and Fighting an Extensive Structure, a 47-Year Old Career LT Suffers Sudden Cardiac Death During Physical Fitness Training in California.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

From January 17 until the morning of January 20, 2007 a 47-year old career LT worked for three 24-hour consecutive shifts. During those shifts his assigned company responded to 22 emergency calls which precluded the LT from getting much sleep during the l...

T. Hales

2008-01-01

190

How Accurate is Media Recall?  

Microsoft Academic Search

We examined the accuracy level of media recall questions by drawing on two direct response campaigns conducted in the US travel industry. Using a methodology that allowed us to verify exposure and compare with recall at individual level, we were able to show that actual media recall compared with claimed media recall varies widely between media. TV had the highest

Natalie Redford; Jenni Romaniuk

191

Initial Recall, Reminiscence, and Hypermnesia  

Microsoft Academic Search

A survey of data from free-recall experiments reveals a simple relation between initial recall level and reminiscence (recall of new items on a 2nd test): The percentage of new items recalled on a 2nd test is an increasing linear function of the percentage of items recalled on the 1st test. This was shown for 3 independent data sets representing a

Stephen Madigan; Ruth OHara

1992-01-01

192

Breadfruit, banana, beef, and beer: Modernization of the Samoan diet  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Samoans traditionally based their diet on breadfruit, banana, taro, yam and coconut, supplemented with fish and shellfish from coral reefs. Ocean fish, pigs and fowl were foods reserved for festive occasions. After 150 years of exposure to missionaries, traders and military personnel, the Samoan diet has been substantially altered. This paper provides a preliminary description of these changes.A 24?hour

James R. Bindon

1982-01-01

193

COMPARISON OF FIVE EXTRACTION METHODS ON INCURRED AND FORTIFIED PESTICIDES IN COMPOSITE DIETS: BLENDER, SOXHLET, ASE, MICROWAVE AND SFE  

EPA Science Inventory

The USEPA National Exposure Research Laboratory studies dietary exposure to a diverse group of semi-volatile pesticides by analyzing 24 hour duplicate composite diets. The pesticides of interest include organochlorines, organophosphates, anilines, and triazines. Currently, there ...

194

Recall - Product Recall Because of Possible Listeria Monocytogenes Risk  

NASA Website

As precautionary measure, Delifish has decided to expand the voluntary recall to include cold smoked products related to Julian dates 235 to 345, the previous voluntary recall included cold smoked products related to Julian dates 249- 291. There have ...

195

RETRACTED: Assessment of the Hypothalamic-Pituitary-Adrenal Axis over a 24Hour Diurnal Period and in Response to Neuroendocrine Challenges in Women with and without Childhood Sexual Abuse and Posttraumatic Stress Disorder  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article has been retracted at the request of the Chief Editor.Reason: Retraction of “Assessment of the Hypothalamic-Pituitary-Adrenal Axis over a 24-Hour Diurnal Period and in Response to Neuroendocrine Challenges in Women with and without Childhood Sexual Abuse and Posttraumatic Stress Disorder,” Biological Psychiatry 54: 710–718, has been done for legal reasons based on the advice of counsel.

J. Douglas Bremner; Meena Vythilingam; George Anderson; Eric Vermetten; Thomas McGlashan; George Heninger; Ann Rasmusson; Steven M. Southwick; Dennis S. Charney

2003-01-01

196

2007 Biologics Recalls  

Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research (CBER)

... Blood Bank Module v6.0.1 and v6.0.2 Distributed with Sunquest Laboratory v6.1, v6.2 and v6.3, The system does not trigger all Quality Assurance ... More results from www.fda.gov/biologicsbloodvaccines/safetyavailability/recalls

197

Recall: TRUE Test Box Lot 94009  

Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research (CBER)

... Recall: TRUE Test Box Lot 94009. DATE RECALL INITIATED: December 21, 2009. PRODUCT / LOT NUMBER / EXPIRATION DATE: ... More results from www.fda.gov/biologicsbloodvaccines/safetyavailability/recalls

198

Recalls of Foods & Dietary Supplements  

Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition (CFSAN)

... 28, 2013, Premier Foods, LLC Announces The Recall Of Products Sold At Williams-Sonoma For Undeclared Allergens. -. Food Safety App and ... More results from www.fda.gov/food/recallsoutbreaksemergencies/recalls

199

The Abilities and Differential Difficulties of Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder and Children with Specific Language Impairment to Use Semantic and Social Contexts to Infer and Recall Novel Words  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Two studies assessed the ability of 12 pre-school children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD; N = 7) or Specific Language Impairment (SLI; N = 5) to use semantic context and eye gaze to infer the meanings of novel nouns, and to recall those meanings after a 24-hour delay. In Experiment 1, the children heard statements containing a familiar,…

Goldman, Melody R.

2010-01-01

200

MEDIATED CLUSTERING IN FREE RECALL  

Microsoft Academic Search

EXPERIMENTS WERE PERFORMED TO ASSESS THE EFFECTS OF MEDIATED ASSOCIATIONS IN FREE RECALL. THE RECALL LIST WAS COMPOSED OF PAIRS OF WORDS WHICH WERE INDIRECTLY ASSOCIATED THROUGH MEDIATORS NOT INCLUDED IN THE LIST. 8 TRIALS AND RECALL PERIODS WERE USED. EXP. I INDICATED THAT WHEN THE PAIR MEMBERS WERE RANDOMIZED FOR PRESENTATION, MEDIATED CLUSTERING WAS RELATIVELY SLIGHT, AND DID NOT

S. I. SHAPIRO; DAVID S. PALERMO

1967-01-01

201

Nutrients supplied by food groups in diets of teenaged girls.  

PubMed

Sources of nutrients were determined in diets of teenaged girls, a group generally thought to be at nutritional risk. This study of Southern adolescent girls of two races examines intakes of energy, energy-yielding nutrients, vitamins, minerals, and other components of various food groups. Effects of race, age, place of residence, and per capita income on nutrients furnished by food groups were determined from two 24-hour dietary recalls from each of 1,195 girls, aged 12, 14, or 16. Of the food groups examined, foods of low nutrient density provided the most energy, fat, and carbohydrate. The meat group provided the most protein. Dairy products, which supplied the largest amounts of six vitamins and minerals of any food group, were used less by black, rural, or older teenagers than by white, urban, or younger girls. Blacks obtained more vitamin A from vegetables and more thiamin from meat than whites. Amounts of meat, starchy, and low-nutrient-density subgroups also varied with race, age, and/or place of residence. As income increased, consumption of starches (especially breakfast cereals) and eggs decreased and that of fruit increased. PMID:3771967

Kenney, M A; McCoy, J H; Kirby, A L; Carter, E; Clark, A J; Disney, G W; Floyd, C D; Glover, E E; Korslund, M K; Lewis, H

1986-11-01

202

Egg Contribution Towards the Diet of Pregnant Latinas  

PubMed Central

Proper nutrition during gestation is important to prevent adverse pregnancy outcomes. Eggs contain many important nutrients necessary for fetal development and human survival. Three focus groups were conducted with Latina women living in Connecticut to identify cultural beliefs toward egg consumption during pregnancy, traditional egg dishes, and methods of preparation. A cross-sectional study was then carried out with a sample of predominately Puerto Rican pregnant Latinas (N = 241) to identify the frequency of consumption of eggs and egg-containing dishes as well as methods of preparation using a tailored food frequency questionnaire modified for this population. Paired sample t-tests were used to examine if there were differences in weekly mean egg intake patterns between the year prior to the pregnancy and during pregnancy based on a Food Frequency Questionnaire. Women were categorized into eggs consumers and non-consumers if they consumed or did not consume eggs during the previous day based on 24-hour recall data. Independent-sample t-test and chi-square cross-tabulation analyses were conducted to examine the association between egg consumption and nutrient intake categories. Results showed that eggs and egg-containing traditional dishes are consumed by Latinas before and during pregnancy. Egg consumers had higher intakes of protein, fat, vitamin K, vitamin E, selenium, beta carotene, lutein and zeaxanthin, cholesterol, total polyunsaturated fatty acids, and docosahexaenoic acid. Eggs contribute significantly to the diet of pregnant Latinas.

Bermudez-Millan, Angela; Hromi-Fiedler, Amber; Damio, Grace; Segura-Perez, Sofia; Perez-Escamilla, Rafael

2011-01-01

203

Stress, depression, social support, and eating habits reduce diet quality in the first trimester in low-income women: a pilot study.  

PubMed

Maternal diet quality influences birth outcomes. Yet, little research exists that assesses women's diet quality during the first trimester of pregnancy, a crucial time of placental and fetal development. This cross-sectional study, describing diet quality and its relationship with stress, depression, social support, and eating habits in the first trimester, may identify low-income women needing intensive dietary intervention. Seventy-one low-income women completed validated instruments measuring stress, depression, social support, and eating habits; had their height and weight measured; received training on portion-size estimation; and completed three 24-hour dietary recalls (1 weekend day and 2 nonconsecutive weekdays) from July 2009 to February 2010. Comparative and correlational analyses were done. Women with diet quality scores below the median (n=35) had more depression (9.6±5.1 vs 6.7±5.1) and stress (22.1±5.4 vs 19.3±4.8) and less control over meal preparation (5.0±1.5 vs 4.2±1.5) and support from others (52.0±12.0 vs 57.4±7.2) than did women with high diet quality scores (n=36). Diet quality was negatively related to depression (r=-0.41), stress (r=-0.35), skipping meals (r=-0.41), and control over meal preparation (r=-0.33), and positively related to support from others (r=0.38). Low-income women experiencing life stressors represent an at-risk group for low diet quality and may need intensive dietary intervention before and during pregnancy. More research designed to improve diet quality in low-income pregnant women is needed. PMID:23017572

Fowles, Eileen R; Stang, Jamie; Bryant, Miranda; Kim, Sunghun

2012-10-01

204

Writing superiority in cued recall  

PubMed Central

In list learning paradigms with free recall, written recall has been found to be less susceptible to intrusions of related concepts than spoken recall when the list items had been visually presented. This effect has been ascribed to the use of stored orthographic representations from the study phase during written recall (Kellogg, 2001). In other memory retrieval paradigms, by contrast, either better recall for modality-congruent items or an input-independent writing superiority effect have been found (Grabowski, 2005). In a series of four experiments using a paired associate learning paradigm we tested (a) whether output modality effects on verbal recall can be replicated in a paradigm that does not involve the rejection of semantically related intrusion words, (b) whether a possible superior performance for written recall was due to a slower response onset for writing as compared to speaking in immediate recall, and (c) whether the performance in paired associate word recall was correlated with performance in an additional episodic memory recall task. We observed better written recall in the first half of the recall phase, irrespective of the modality in which the material was presented upon encoding. An explanation for this effect based on longer response latencies for writing and hence more time for memory retrieval could be ruled out by showing that the effect persisted in delayed response versions of the task. Although there was some evidence that stored additional episodic information may contribute to the successful retrieval of associate words, this evidence was only found in the immediate response experiments and hence is most likely independent from the observed output modality effect. In sum, our results from a paired associate learning paradigm suggest that superior performance for written vs. spoken recall cannot be (solely) explained in terms of additional access to stored orthographic representations from the encoding phase. Our findings rather suggest a general writing-superiority effect at the time of memory retrieval.

Fueller, Carina; Loescher, Jens; Indefrey, Peter

2013-01-01

205

Writing superiority in cued recall.  

PubMed

In list learning paradigms with free recall, written recall has been found to be less susceptible to intrusions of related concepts than spoken recall when the list items had been visually presented. This effect has been ascribed to the use of stored orthographic representations from the study phase during written recall (Kellogg, 2001). In other memory retrieval paradigms, by contrast, either better recall for modality-congruent items or an input-independent writing superiority effect have been found (Grabowski, 2005). In a series of four experiments using a paired associate learning paradigm we tested (a) whether output modality effects on verbal recall can be replicated in a paradigm that does not involve the rejection of semantically related intrusion words, (b) whether a possible superior performance for written recall was due to a slower response onset for writing as compared to speaking in immediate recall, and (c) whether the performance in paired associate word recall was correlated with performance in an additional episodic memory recall task. We observed better written recall in the first half of the recall phase, irrespective of the modality in which the material was presented upon encoding. An explanation for this effect based on longer response latencies for writing and hence more time for memory retrieval could be ruled out by showing that the effect persisted in delayed response versions of the task. Although there was some evidence that stored additional episodic information may contribute to the successful retrieval of associate words, this evidence was only found in the immediate response experiments and hence is most likely independent from the observed output modality effect. In sum, our results from a paired associate learning paradigm suggest that superior performance for written vs. spoken recall cannot be (solely) explained in terms of additional access to stored orthographic representations from the encoding phase. Our findings rather suggest a general writing-superiority effect at the time of memory retrieval. PMID:24151483

Fueller, Carina; Loescher, Jens; Indefrey, Peter

2013-10-18

206

Long-term (24-year) recall reliability in cancer cases and controls using a 21-item food frequency questionnaire.  

PubMed

The following two questions concerning diet recall were addressed when studying 117 incident cancer cases and 99 controls from the Adventist Mortality Study. Are recalls of past dietary habits reliable? Does recall ability differ between cancer cases and controls? Two sets of dietary data were compared using the American Cancer Society's food frequency questionnaire--as reported in 1960 and recalled in 1984. Ability to recall 21 key food items was evaluated both for individual foods and a combination of all foods by comparing recall scores. The comparison revealed that among food groups, 24-year recall ability varied greatly. There was no significant difference in recall ability between cancer incident cases and controls after controlling for factors that may be related to recall ability (e.g., age, education, and sex). Also, there was no significant difference in recall ability among subjects with or without other chronic diseases likely to affect diet pattern. The results revealed no significant differences in recall ability by sex and body mass index; however, significant differences by vegetarian status and diet stability were found. Significant differences by educational level were found only in univariate analysis. PMID:2710656

Lindsted, K D; Kuzma, J W

1989-01-01

207

Postoperative symptoms 24 hours after ambulatory anaesthesia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose  To test the hypothesis that the type of surgical procedure influences the incidence of postoperative symptoms. Also the effect\\u000a of demographic and clinical risk variables: age, sex, ASA status, duration of anaesthesia on the postoperative symptoms were\\u000a evaluated for each type of surgery.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Methods  Demographic, medical, anaesthetic and surgical data on 1,017 patients were prospectively collected by a research assistant\\u000a who

Frances Chung; Victor Un; Jun Su

1996-01-01

208

Around the World in 24 Hours.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Describes how one Florida elementary school taught students' global environmental protection issues through the use of videoconferencing and e-mail to communicate directly with students from other countries. (PKP)|

McGoogan, Gail

2002-01-01

209

300 billion watts, 24 hours a day  

Microsoft Academic Search

A cosmic solution to the world's upcoming energy crunch and one man's persistent drive to realize a workable and acceptable concept is described. Photovoltaic cells ,the same equipment that for 30 years has converted sunlight to electricity for communication satellites are at the core of the proposal. Once a series of 'sunsats' reach geosynchronous orbit, the cells, arranged in huge

Linda Shiner

1990-01-01

210

300 billion watts, 24 hours a day  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A cosmic solution to the world's upcoming energy crunch and one man's persistent drive to realize a workable and acceptable concept is described. Photovoltaic cells ,the same equipment that for 30 years has converted sunlight to electricity for communication satellites are at the core of the proposal. Once a series of 'sunsats' reach geosynchronous orbit, the cells, arranged in huge grids, are bathed in almost perpetual sunlight. Each grid is equipped with devices for converting the electricity produced by the solar cells into microwaves and transmitting them to receiving stations on earth. The rectifying antennas, or rectennas, convert the microwaves into direct-current electricity, which is fed into the local utility's power supply. The status of proposal, development and opposition to solar power satellites is discussed. Relevant technologies associated with laser development, the SDI, moon-based solar stations, and those evolving from research in other countries continue to lend credence to eventually developing a practical solar power satellite program.

Shiner, Linda

1990-07-01

211

24-Hour Summary Orthopaedic and Rehabilitation Devices ...  

Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research (CBER)

Text Version... Orthopaedic and Rehabilitation Devices Panel Day 1 – June 27, 2012 ... At the end of the day, Panel Members shared their highlights from the day. ... More results from www.fda.gov/downloads/advisorycommittees/committeesmeetingmaterials

212

Lead Consumption of 18- to 36-Month-Old Children as Determined from Duplicate Diet Collections  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective To determine the amount of lead ingested in food by means of duplicate diet collections, nutrient intakes, and anthropometric measurements of young children.Design Once a month for a year, data were collected from 24-hour duplicate diets, hand wipes, a dust index, and anthropometric measurements. Quarterly, venous blood samples were obtained. Thermal ionization spectrometry by means of a lead-205 tracer

K STANEK; W MANTON; C ANGLE; K ESKRIDGE; A KUEHNEMAN; C HANSON

1998-01-01

213

Recall bias, MMR, and autism  

Microsoft Academic Search

Parents of autistic children with regressive symptoms who were diagnosed after the publicity alleging a link with measles, mumps, and rubella (MMR) vaccine tended to recall the onset as shortly after MMR more often than parents of similar children who were diagnosed prior to the publicity. This is consistent with the recall bias expected under such circumstances.

N Andrews; E Miller; B Taylor; R Lingam; A Simmons; J Stowe; P Waight

2002-01-01

214

The recall of observed material  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of the investigation was to measure the recall of briefly observed material after 30, 60, 90, and 120 days. The material observed was Binet's Card of Objects. Four groups of college sophomores recalled in the form of answers to fifty questions and four groups in the form of written narrative. Each group wrote an immediate and a delayed

J. A. McGeoch; P. L. Whitely

1926-01-01

215

Impact of Breakfast Consumption and RTE Cereals on Nutritional Adequacy of the Diets of Young Adults in Bogalusa, La  

Microsoft Academic Search

Breakfast consumption patterns of 504 young adults (× age: 23yrs.; 58% female, 70% white) were examined using the 24-hour dietary recall. Consumption patterns were then related to mean daily nutrient intake. Analysis of variance and logistic regression techniques were used to investigate the relationship of breakfast consumption, ethnicity, and gender on dietary adequacy.Thirty-seven percent of young adults skipped breakfast. For

T. J. Schmidt; J. Garden-Robinson; B. B. North; T. A. Nicklas

1998-01-01

216

Using a height-weight classification for analysis of food energy and main nutrient contents in 24-hours menus of 17-23-year-old Estonian female students.  

PubMed

The study is focused on creating an anthropometric model that would enable to associate the body build peculiarities with nutritional variables. Thirty-six body measurements and 12 skinfolds were measured on 131 17-23-year-old female students of the University of Tartu, and 12 body composition characteristics were calculated. The subjects had to submit descriptions of their 24-hour menus. Nutrient intake was determined using the Micro-Nutrica software and the food composition database; the energy (in kcal) and main nutrients (proteins, fats and carbohydrates) content in the subjects' 24-hour menus were calculated. All body measurements were compared with nutritional variables, and 29 anthropometric variables were found that showed statistically significant correlations with at least one nutrient characteristic. The amount of food consumed correlated positively with body density and negatively with weight, circumferences, skinfolds and all indicators of body fat content (r reached 0.32). To associate body size, shape and composition with the amount of food consumed, a 5 SD height and weight classification was used, which consisted of three classes of concordance between height and weight (small, medium, large) and two classes of disconcordance - pyknomorphs and leptomorphs. All the 29 body measurements and nutrient variables were distributed systematically between the different classes. The pyknomorphous class with its greater body fat content and smaller density contrasted clearly with the class of leptomorphs. Food consumption in total as well as per 1 kg of body weight was smaller in pykniks than in leptosomes. Protein consumption did not reveal statistically significant differences. In small, medium and large classes, consumption of energy, fats and carbohydrates could not be proved about protein consumption. One should not overestimate the significance of BMI in nutritional studies. BMI characterises only obesity and cannot replace the characterisation of different body types. In our study, BMI of the small and the leptosomic class was almost equal, although these body types differ greatly from each other. PMID:17444191

Peterson, Jana; Kaarma, Helje; Koskel, Säde

2007-03-01

217

Urgent – Drug Recall - BIVIGAM Immune Globulin Intravenous ...  

Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research (CBER)

... Urgent – Drug Recall - BIVIGAM Immune Globulin Intravenous (Human), 10% Liquid, 100 mL sterile vial. DATE RECALL INITIATED: April 2, 2013. ... More results from www.fda.gov/biologicsbloodvaccines/safetyavailability/recalls

218

21 CFR 7.42 - Recall strategy.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Administration. The recall strategy will specify whether a public...recall depth specified by the strategy have received notification...from the Division of Dockets Management (HFA-305), Food and...and appropriate. The recall strategy will specify the...

2013-04-01

219

21 CFR 7.40 - Recall policy.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...laws administered by the Food and Drug Administration. Recall is a voluntary action...setting forth specific recall procedures for the Food and Drug Administration...refuses to undertake a recall requested by the Food and Drug...

2009-04-01

220

21 CFR 7.40 - Recall policy.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...laws administered by the Food and Drug Administration. Recall is a voluntary action...setting forth specific recall procedures for the Food and Drug Administration...refuses to undertake a recall requested by the Food and Drug...

2010-04-01

221

REVISED - Western Mixers Produce & Nuts, Inc. Recalls ...  

Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition (CFSAN)

... Raw, Shelled Pistachios, 131160, 131200, 131230, 131300, 131400, 131500. The recall is a voluntary recall of the Pistachio products processed by ... More results from www.fda.gov/food/recallsoutbreaksemergencies/recalls

222

Wegmans Food Markets Announces Voluntary Recall of ...  

Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition (CFSAN)

... releases and other notices of recalls and market withdrawals from ... Wegmans Food Markets Announces Voluntary Recall of Select Wegmans Food ... More results from www.fda.gov/food/recallsoutbreaksemergencies/recalls

223

Recall: Antihemophilic Factor, Human - CSL Behring LLC  

Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research (CBER)

... Recall: Antihemophilic Factor, Human - CSL Behring LLC. ... Monoclate- P®, 1000 Unit Vials Antihemophilic Factor, Human. ... More results from www.fda.gov/biologicsbloodvaccines/safetyavailability/recalls

224

Recall of Collagenase (Santyl Ointment) - (Advance ...  

Center for Drug Evaluation (CDER)

... Recall of Collagenase (Santyl Ointment) - (Advance Biofactures Corp) - 8/22/2001. DATE RECALL INITIATED: August 22, 2001. ... More results from www.fda.gov/drugs/developmentapprovalprocess/howdrugsaredevelopedandapproved

225

CBER FY 2011 Recall Postings  

Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research (CBER)

... Allergenic, Blood, Blood Deriv. Device, IVD, Source Plasma, Therapeutic, Tissue, Vaccine, Total Events by Class. Class I, 2, 2. ... More results from www.fda.gov/biologicsbloodvaccines/safetyavailability/recalls

226

CBER FY 2012 Recall Postings  

Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research (CBER)

... in which there is a reasonable probability that the use of or exposure to a violative product will cause serious adverse health consequences or death ... More results from www.fda.gov/biologicsbloodvaccines/safetyavailability/recalls

227

The Relationship of the Increase in the 'Time of the Earth Day,' from 18 Hours to 24 Hours, to the Increase in the Size of the Earth, Using the Laws of the Conservation of Momentum  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

There are three articles, by others, which discuss the increase in the Earth's day, from 18 hours to 24 hours, over a period of time of about a billion years. One article refers to Striations in the Substructure of Coral, C.T. Scrutton, et al, 1965. Another article refers to the Laws of the Conservation of Momentum, as related to the relationship of the Earth and the Moon, the lunar tides, the reduction of the Earth year from 481 days to our present 365.25 days, and an increase in the lunar orbit time from 20 days to 28 days. The third article is based on the dates of tidal sediment deposits, tidalites, C. P. Sonett, et al, in the late 1980's. In this paper, we explain how the Earth's Day could have increased from 18 hours to 24 hours, as related to the Laws of Conservation of Momentum (L). Wherein we use the simple formulation from the Law of the Conservation of Angular Momentum, L=I?, in which I=Moment of Inertia and ?=Angular Velocity; for which we assume the earth to be a perfect sphere, for which I=0.4MR2, where M and R are the Mass and radius of the earth, respectively. We evaluate the radius of the earth over a time period of several billion years, during which time the earth's angular momentum, L=I?, is conserved. In this formulation, we show a growth in the size of the earth; and present a curve, using just three points in time, which indicates that the rate of growth is increasing over time. The first point is from about 4.5 billion years ago, the second point is from about 1 billion years ago, and the third point represents present day, with an average growth of about 1mm per year. Although evidence has been presented, by others, showing circumferential growth at the Red Sea and in the Atlantic Ocean, at about 1.5cm per year, total. However, no proof of reduction in the size of the Earth has been shown to occur in the Pacific, or anywhere else, including in references to subduction. Some might say that the subduction is occurring at the rim of the Pacific Ocean to account for the expansion elsewhere, as their premise to negate the expansion. In this article, we contradict that premise; and accept the 1.5 cm growth, at present. We propose an experiment to validate our premise of the continual earth expansion. This experiment will also indicate why the Pacific Ocean is about two times the size (twice as wide) as the Atlantic Ocean.

Cimorelli, S. A.; Samuels, C.

2010-12-01

228

Radiation recall with anticancer agents.  

PubMed

Radiation recall is an acute inflammatory reaction confined to previously irradiated areas that can be triggered when chemotherapy agents are administered after radiotherapy. It remains a poorly understood phenomenon, but increased awareness may aid early diagnosis and appropriate management. A diverse range of drugs used in the treatment of cancer has been associated with radiation recall. As most data come from case reports, it is not possible to determine the true incidence, but to date the antineoplastic drugs for which radiation recall reactions have been most commonly reported include the anthracycline doxorubicin, the taxanes docetaxel and paclitaxel, and the antimetabolites gemcitabine and capecitabine. Radiation recall is drug-specific for any individual patient; it is not possible to predict which patients will react to which drugs, and rechallenge does not uniformly induce a reaction. There are no identifiable characteristics of drugs that cause radiation recall, and thus, it is a possibility that must be kept in mind with use of any drug after radiotherapy, including those from new drug classes. Although it is not yet possible to design treatment regimens to eliminate the risk of radiation recall, it seems likely that risks can be minimized by prolonging the interval between completion of radiotherapy and initiation of chemotherapy. PMID:21045191

Burris, Howard A; Hurtig, Jane

2010-11-02

229

A double-blind, single-dose, crossover comparison of cetirizine, terfenadine, loratadine, astemizole, and chlorpheniramine versus placebo: suppressive effects on histamine-induced wheals and flares during 24 hours in normal subjects.  

PubMed

We objectively tested the relative antihistaminic effects of cetirizine, 10 mg; terfenadine, 120 mg; terfenadine, 60 mg; loratadine, 10 mg; astemizole, 10 mg; chlorpheniramine, 4 mg; and placebo in healthy, male volunteers, mean age 25 +/- 4 years, and mean weight, 73 +/- 9 kg. The wheal areas and flare areas produced by epicutaneous tests with histamine phosphate, 1 mg/ml, before ingestion of the H1-receptor antagonist or placebo, and afterward, at 0.3 and 0.7 hours, then hourly from 1 to 12 hours and at 24 hours, were traced at 10 minutes and measured with an IBM-PC digitizer and stereometric software. In this experimental model, the H1-receptor antagonists differed significantly with regard to time of onset of action, amount of suppression of the histamine-induced wheal and flare, and duration of action. The rank order was, from most effective to least effective, cetirizine, 10 mg; terfenadine, 120 mg; terfenadine, 60 mg; loratadine, 10 mg; astemizole, 10 mg; chlorpheniramine, 4 mg; and placebo. PMID:1977781

Simons, F E; McMillan, J L; Simons, K J

1990-10-01

230

Serial Position Curves in Free Recall  

Microsoft Academic Search

The scenario for free recall set out in Laming (2009) is developed to provide models for the serial position curves from 5 selected sets of data, for final free recall, and for multitrial free recall. The 5 sets of data reflect the effects of rate of presentation, length of list, delay of recall, and suppression of rehearsal. Each model accommodates

Donald Laming

2010-01-01

231

Recall as communication: Effects of frame anticipation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Frame theories propose that memorization and retrieval reports are guided by frames, that is, abstract representations of a scene or an episode. They also propose that in unexpected recall, the subjects assume that the person who interprets the recall message uses a similar frame. Consequently, the recalling subject deletes from the recall report information from the frame that is highly

E. Schuurmans; A. Vandierendonck

1985-01-01

232

21 CFR 7.42 - Recall strategy.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-04-01 false Recall strategy. 7.42 Section 7.42 Food and Drugs FOOD...the agency for a Food and Drug Administration-requested recall and by the recalling...comment by the Food and Drug Administration. The recall strategy will...

2009-04-01

233

21 CFR 7.42 - Recall strategy.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-04-01 false Recall strategy. 7.42 Section 7.42 Food and Drugs FOOD...the agency for a Food and Drug Administration-requested recall and by the recalling...comment by the Food and Drug Administration. The recall strategy will...

2010-04-01

234

Public relations considerations of consumer product recall  

Microsoft Academic Search

Consumer product recalls are a pervasive phenomenon of enormous consequence. Manufacturers, consumers, retailers, government regulators and the media are all major players on the recall scene, where the stakes involve unemployment, product line or plant closure, injury and death.This article argues that: 1) Product recalls are quantitatively and qualitatively significant; 2) Product recalls vary widely in effectiveness; 3) Numerous variables

Dirk C Gibson

1995-01-01

235

How diverse is the diet of adult South Africans?  

PubMed Central

Background The objective of the current study was to measure dietary diversity in South Africans aged 16 years and older from all population groups as a proxy of food security. Methods A cross-sectional study representative of adults from all specified ages, provinces, geographic localities, and socio-economic strata in South Africa was used (n = 3287). Trained interviewers visited participants at their homes during the survey. Dietary data was collected by means of a face validated 24 hour recall which was not quantified. A dietary diversity score (DDS) was calculated by counting each of 9 food groups. A DDS <4 was regarded as reflecting poor dietary diversity and poor food security. Results The provinces with the highest prevalence of poor dietary diversity (DDS <4) were Limpopo (61.8%) and the Eastern Cape (59.6%). By contrast, only 15.7% of participants in Western Cape had a low score. Participants in tribal areas (63.9%) and informal urban areas (55.7%) were by far the worst affected. There were significant differences in DDS by Living Standards Mean (LSM) analysis (p < 0.05) with the lowest LSM group having the lowest mean DDS (2.93).The most commonly consumed food groups were cereals/roots; meat/fish; dairy and vegetables other than vitamin A rich. Eggs, legumes, and vitamin A rich fruit and vegetables were the least consumed. Conclusion Overall the majority of South Africans consumed a diet low in dietary variety. The tribal areas and informal urban areas were worst affected and eggs, legumes and vitamin A rich fruit and vegetables, were the least consumed.

2011-01-01

236

Avocado consumption is associated with better diet quality and nutrient intake, and lower metabolic syndrome risk in US adults: results from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2001-2008  

PubMed Central

Background Avocados contain monounsaturated fatty acids (MUFA) dietary fiber, essential nutrients and phytochemicals. However, no epidemiologic data exist on their effects on diet quality, weight management and other metabolic disease risk factors. The objective of this research was to investigate the relationships between avocado consumption and overall diet quality, energy and nutrient intakes, physiological indicators of health, and risk of metabolic syndrome. Methods Avocado consumption and nutrition data were based on 24-hour dietary recalls collected by trained NHANES interviewers using the USDA Automated Multiple Pass Method (AMPM). Physiological data were collected from physical examinations conducted in NHANES Mobile Examination Centers. Diet quality was calculated using the USDA’s Healthy Eating Index-2005. Subjects included 17,567 US adults ???19 years of age (49% female), including 347 avocado consumers (50% female), examined in NHANES 2001–2008. Least square means, standard errors, and ANOVA were determined using appropriate sample weights, with adjustments for age, gender, ethnicity, and other covariates depending on dependent variable of interest. Results Avocado consumers had significantly higher intakes of vegetables (p?diet quality, total fat, monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fats, dietary fiber, vitamins E, K, magnesium, and potassium (p?diet quality, nutrient intake, and reduced risk of metabolic syndrome. Dietitians should be aware of the beneficial associations between avocado intake, diet and health when making dietary recommendations.

2013-01-01

237

Development of a Korean Diet Score (KDS) and its application assessing adherence to Korean healthy diet based on the Korean Food Guide Wheels.  

PubMed

The most critical point in the assessment of adherence to dietary guidelines is the development of a practical definition for adherence, such as a dietary pattern score. The purpose of this study was to develop the Korean Diet Score (KDS) based on the Korean Food Balance Wheel and to examine the association of KDS with various lifestyle characteristics and biochemical factors. The dietary data of 5,320 subjects from the 4th Korean National Health and Nutritional Examination Survey were used for the final analysis. The food guide was composed of six food group categories; 'grain dishes', 'fish and meat dishes', 'vegetable dishes', 'fruits', 'milk' and 'oils and sugars'. Based on the recommended serving numbers for each group, the scores measuring adherence to this food guide were calculated from the dietary information from the 24-hour dietary recall questionnaire, and then its correlation with various characteristics was assessed. KDS was significantly associated with several clinical, lifestyle and socioeconomic factors as well as diagnosed disease history. The higher quintile group of KDS showed a significantly lower level in fasting blood glucose, systolic blood pressure, triglycerides, current smoking and drinking as well as higher leisure time activity, house income and education. Furthermore, the KDS quintile group of women was inversely associated with hypertension, osteoporosis and diabetes. A higher KDS quintile was characterized with a higher intake of several critical nutrients, such as Ca, Fe and vitamins as well as a desirable nutrition balance such as the ratio of macronutrients. Our results demonstrate that KDS is a beneficial tool in assessing the adherence to a healthy diet based on the Korean dietary guidelines. We suggest that KDS could be a useful indicator for evaluating the dietary balance of the Korean population. PMID:23424060

Lee, Myoungsook; Chae, Soo Wan; Cha, Youn-Soo; Cho, Mi Sook; Oh, Hea Young; Kim, Mi Kyung

2013-02-04

238

Development of a Korean Diet Score (KDS) and its application assessing adherence to Korean healthy diet based on the Korean Food Guide Wheels  

PubMed Central

The most critical point in the assessment of adherence to dietary guidelines is the development of a practical definition for adherence, such as a dietary pattern score. The purpose of this study was to develop the Korean Diet Score (KDS) based on the Korean Food Balance Wheel and to examine the association of KDS with various lifestyle characteristics and biochemical factors. The dietary data of 5,320 subjects from the 4th Korean National Health and Nutritional Examination Survey were used for the final analysis. The food guide was composed of six food group categories; 'grain dishes', 'fish and meat dishes', 'vegetable dishes', 'fruits', 'milk' and 'oils and sugars'. Based on the recommended serving numbers for each group, the scores measuring adherence to this food guide were calculated from the dietary information from the 24-hour dietary recall questionnaire, and then its correlation with various characteristics was assessed. KDS was significantly associated with several clinical, lifestyle and socioeconomic factors as well as diagnosed disease history. The higher quintile group of KDS showed a significantly lower level in fasting blood glucose, systolic blood pressure, triglycerides, current smoking and drinking as well as higher leisure time activity, house income and education. Furthermore, the KDS quintile group of women was inversely associated with hypertension, osteoporosis and diabetes. A higher KDS quintile was characterized with a higher intake of several critical nutrients, such as Ca, Fe and vitamins as well as a desirable nutrition balance such as the ratio of macronutrients. Our results demonstrate that KDS is a beneficial tool in assessing the adherence to a healthy diet based on the Korean dietary guidelines. We suggest that KDS could be a useful indicator for evaluating the dietary balance of the Korean population.

Lee, Myoungsook; Chae, Soo Wan; Cha, Youn-Soo; Cho, Mi Sook; Oh, Hea Young

2013-01-01

239

THE MATTEL RECALL CRISIS: POLITICS AND PROCESS IN PRODUCT RECALLS  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper summarizes the events surrounding the dramatic product recalls of Mattel toys during 2007. Drawing on press reports and official documents, the paper explores the way in which issues relating supply chain integration, product inspection and quality management become part of political discourse. We observe that the public discourse surrounding these events can become disconnected from the operational reality,

Steve New; Dana Brown

240

Recall Strategies and Reading Comprehension.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Research on text organization has demonstrated that reading is responsive to the number and complexity of idea units or propositions in a text, and that the capacity of children to recall information is responsive to the relative importance of the idea units. A study was undertaken to examine an extension of these propositions: namely, that…

Beebe, Mona J.; And Others

241

Nicotine Withdrawal Disrupts Contextual Learning but Not Recall of Prior Contextual Associations: Implications for Nicotine Addiction  

PubMed Central

Interactions between nicotine and learning could contribute to nicotine addiction. Although previous research indicates that nicotine withdrawal disrupts contextual learning, the effects of nicotine withdrawal on contextual memories acquired before withdrawal are unknown. The present study investigated whether nicotine withdrawal disrupted recall of prior contextual memories by examining the effects of nicotine withdrawal on recall of nicotine conditioned place preference (CPP) and contextual fear conditioning. C57BL/6J mice trained in CPP exhibited a significant preference for an initially non-preferred chamber that was paired with 0.35 mg/kg nicotine. Following CPP, mice were implanted with mini-osmotic pumps containing 6.3 mg/kg/d nicotine or saline. Pumps were removed twelve days later and nicotine CPP was retested 24 hours later. Mice withdrawn from chronic nicotine exhibited CPP, suggesting that older drug-context associations are not disrupted by nicotine withdrawal. One hour later, the same mice were trained in contextual and cued fear conditioning; nicotine withdrawal disrupted contextual but not cued fear conditioning. A subsequent experiment demonstrated that nicotine withdrawal did not disrupt recall of contextual or cued fear conditioning when acquisition occurred before nicotine withdrawal. These data suggest that nicotine withdrawal disrupts new contextual learning, but does not alter contextual learning that occurred before withdrawal.

Portugal, George S.; Gould, Thomas J.

2009-01-01

242

Food Consumption Patterns in a Mediterranean Region: Does the Mediterranean Diet Still Exist?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Aims: To assess the food consumption patterns in the adult population of a Mediterranean region: the Balearic Islands (BI). Methods: A cross-sectional nutritional survey was carried out in the BI between 1999 and 2000. A random sample (n = 1,200) of the adult population (16–65 years) was interviewed. Dietary habits were assessed by means of 24-hour recall during 2 non-consecutive

Josep A. Tur; Dora Romaguera; Antoni Pons

2004-01-01

243

Recall of Amicus Apheresis Kits-Baxter Healthcare ...  

Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research (CBER)

... Recall of Amicus Apheresis Kits-Baxter Healthcare Corporation. DATE RECALL INITIATED: ... Baxter Healthcare Corporation Deerfield, IL. REASON: ... More results from www.fda.gov/biologicsbloodvaccines/safetyavailability/recalls

244

Recall of Hemoflow Model 300-Applied Science, Inc  

Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research (CBER)

... Recall of Hemoflow Model 300-Applied Science, Inc. DATE RECALL INITIATED: June 14, 2005. PRODUCT: Hemoflow Model ... More results from www.fda.gov/biologicsbloodvaccines/safetyavailability/recalls

245

Diet of children under the government-funded meal support program in Korea  

PubMed Central

The purpose of this study was to investigate the diet of children under the government-funded meal support program. The 143 children (67 boys and 76 girls) participated in this study among 4th-6th elementary school students receiving free lunches during the summer vacation of 2007 and living in Gwanak-gu, Seoul, Korea. The subjects consisted of four groups supported by Meal Box Delivery (n = 26), Institutional Foodservice (n = 53), Restaurant Foodservice (n = 27), or Food Delivery (n = 37). A three-day 24-hour dietary recall and a self-administered survey were conducted. In addition, the children's heights and weights were measured. The average energy intake of the children was 1,400 kcal per day, much lower than the Estimated Energy Requirements of the pertinent age groups. The results also showed inadequate intake of all examined nutrients; of particular concern was the extremely low intake of calcium. On average, the children consumed eight dishes and 25 food items per day. The children supported by Meal Box Delivery consumed more various dishes and food items than the other groups. The percentage of children preferring their current meal support method was the highest in those supported by Meal Box Delivery and the lowest in those supported by Food Delivery. We requested 15 children among the 143 children participating in the survey to draw the scene of their lunch time. The drawings of the children supported by Institutional Foodservice showed more positive scenes than the other groups, especially in terms of human aspects. In conclusion, the overall diet of children under the government-funded meal support program was nutritionally inadequate, although the magnitude of the problems tended to differ by the meal support method. The results could be utilized as basic data for policy and programs regarding the government-funded meal support program for children from low-income families.

Kwon, Sooyoun; Lee, Kiwon

2010-01-01

246

Device Recalls: A Study of Quality Problems.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The document contains information on the causes of FDA medical device recalls for the period October 1983 through September 1988. Recommendations for establishing controls that can be used to minimize quality problems that lead to recalls are also include...

1990-01-01

247

Recall of Medical Devices - Biomet Biologics, Inc  

Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research (CBER)

... BD's recall states that this action was initiated due to the unit label on a limited number of syringes was incorrect, citing 20mL size. ... More results from www.fda.gov/biologicsbloodvaccines/safetyavailability/recalls

248

Fahman Enterprises Inc. - Recalls Pran Brand Turmeric ...  

Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition (CFSAN)

... of Dallas, TX is voluntarily recalling PRAN TURMERIC POWDER because it was found to contain high levels of lead that could cause health ... More results from www.fda.gov/food/recallsoutbreaksemergencies/recalls

249

Recall of GAMMAGARD LIQUID, [Immune Globulin ...  

Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research (CBER)

... This recall is being conducted as a precautionary measure after the supplier of the glass vials that contain GAMMAGARD LIQUID notified Baxter of ... More results from www.fda.gov/biologicsbloodvaccines/safetyavailability/recalls

250

Recall of Hymenoptera (Honey Bee) Venom Products ...  

Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research (CBER)

... This product is being voluntarily recalled because the Honey Bee Venom vials in these packages state an incorrect strength on the vial label. ... More results from www.fda.gov/biologicsbloodvaccines/safetyavailability/recalls

251

Sequential Recall in Individuals with Down Syndrome.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The ability to recall correctly ordered information was examined using two auditory tasks (narrative recall and digit span) and a nonverbal, visual task, with 47 individuals with Down's syndrome (ages 5 to 20) and 47 mentally aged-matched children. Although Down's syndrome subjects recalled less information than controls, no differences in the…

Bird, Elizabeth Kay-Raining; Chapman, Robin S.

1994-01-01

252

Sequential Recall in Individuals with Down Syndrome.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The ability to recall correctly ordered information was examined using two auditory tasks (narrative recall and digit span) and a nonverbal, visual task, with 47 individuals with Down's syndrome (ages 5 to 20) and 47 mentally aged-matched children. Although Down's syndrome subjects recalled less information than controls, no differences in the…

Bird, Elizabeth Kay-Raining; Chapman, Robin S.

1994-01-01

253

Topic Structure Representation and Text Recall.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|College subjects were required to read and recall an expository text. They recalled information about fewer topics if they were randomly ordered and the introductory paragraph was uninformative. Subjects recalled information about more topics if the text contained topic sentences. Readers used representation of a text's topic structure to guide…

Lorch, Robert F., Jr.; Lorch, Elizabeth Pugzles

1985-01-01

254

Toy Recalls and China: Emotion vs. Evidence  

Microsoft Academic Search

abstract? Product recalls in 2007 raised serious questions about the safety of products made in China and resulted in widespread outrage. Our analysis of toy recalls in the USA between 1988 and 2007 revealed that the vast majority of recalls were due to flaws in product designs, conducted in the corporate headquarters of toy companies, rather than to poor manufacturing

Paul W. Beamish; Hari Bapuji

2008-01-01

255

Abstractness and recall of connected discourse  

Microsoft Academic Search

96 male 10th grade students received 2 learning and recall trials with a list ot 79 words at 1 of 3 levels of content abstractness. 1\\/2 of the Ss were given the words in syntactic order; the remainder saw the words in a random order. Abstractness affected total recall scores and the type of word recalled. A triple interaction indicated

John C. Yuille; Allan Paivio

1969-01-01

256

Unmixing Effects of Spacing on Free Recall  

Microsoft Academic Search

In 3 unmixed-list free-recall experiments, total recall was as high for lists that contained massed repetitions as for those containing spaced repetitions. This finding and differences between spaced and massed lists in the pattern of recall (notably serial position differences) indicate that displaced rehearsal (review of earlier list items) was more prevalent during study of the massed lists. These results

James W. Hall

1992-01-01

257

UNLEARNING AND COMPETITION IN LIST1 RECALL  

Microsoft Academic Search

RETROACTIVE INHIBITION (RI) WAS COMPARED FOR A MODIFICATION OF THE MODIFIED FREE RECALL TEST (MMFR) AND PACED RECALL IMMEDIATELY AFTER LEARNING AND 4 DAYS LATER. UNLEARNING WAS INFERRED FROM RI IN MMFR. COMPETITION WAS INFERRED IF RI WAS GREATER IN PACED RECALL THAN IN MMFR. INTERFERENCE WAS PRODUCED BY LEARNING A SINGLE LIST (I-1) OR 4 LISTS (I-4) AFTER LEARNING

THERESA S. HOWE

1967-01-01

258

Associations of food group and nutrient intake, diet quality, and meal sizes between adults and children in the same household: a cross-sectional analysis of U.S. households  

PubMed Central

Background One might assume that individuals living in the same household have similar dietary intakes of food groups and nutrients. However, the manner in which an adult's dietary intake affects children's food consumption, diet quality (defined as meeting intake recommendations), and meal sizes is understudied to date. The objective of this study was to estimate these relationships between minor children and the female or male head of household. Methods Dietary intakes of one randomly selected child of each age group (2-5, 6-11, or 12-18 years old (n = 2,380)) and that of the female/male head of household ((HH), proxy for mother and father) using multiple 24-hour recalls from the Continuing Survey of Food Intake by Individuals (CSFII) 1994-1996 was coded to reflect food group and nutrient density (servings/grams per 1,000 kcal). Linear or logistic regression models were used to determine the association between intakes, whether individuals' diets trended toward meeting her/his intake recommendations, and whether individuals were in the highest quintile for food group densities at four distinct eating occasions (breakfast, brunch/lunch, supper/dinner, or other) in each subject group. Stata's survey commands were used to fit linear or logistic regression models and obtain adjusted regression coefficients or odds ratios. Results Associations between food group/nutrient densities were significant but weak to moderate. Adults with diets that trended toward meeting their intake recommendations doubled the odds for children to have diets that trended toward meeting the recommendations; for many meals, adults consuming in the highest quintile for food group density predicted that children's intakes were also in the highest quintile. Conclusions Female and male adults living in the same household significantly affect children's food group and nutrient intakes, diet quality, and meal sizes. There is an urgent need for in-depth analysis to elucidate the underlying mechanisms, especially for studies involving both the female and male HH.

2011-01-01

259

Contextual Variability in Free Recall  

PubMed Central

According to contextual-variability theory, experiences encoded at different times tend to be associated with different contextual states. The gradual evolution of context implies that spaced items will be associated with more distinct contextual states, and thus have more unique retrieval cues, than items presented in proximity. Ross and Landauer (1978) tested this theory by examining whether the probability of recalling at least one of two studied items should increase as a function of the items’ spacing. Their failure to observe this result was taken as strong evidence against contextual variability theory. We replicated their analysis on six recall datasets. For all of these datasets we found the pattern of results predicted by contextual-variability theory. These findings provide critical support for contextual-variability theories of episodic memory.

Lohnas, Lynn J.; Polyn, Sean M.; Kahana, Michael J.

2010-01-01

260

Stimulated Recall Interviews in Ethnography  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article describes the use of stimulated recall interviews as a technique for investigating how people approach interactions\\u000a in a number of different situations. In general, the technique I describe involves interviewing individuals by playing them\\u000a audio or audiovisual recordings of their own behavior in social situations and discussing different aspects of those recorded\\u000a interactions. Doing so can help us

Nicholas P. Dempsey

2010-01-01

261

POSITIVE EMOTIONS ENHANCE RECALL OF PERIPHERAL DETAILS  

PubMed Central

Emotional arousal and negative affect enhance recall of central aspects of an event. However, the role of discrete emotions in selective memory processing is understudied. Undergraduates were asked to recall and rate autobiographical memories of eight emotional events. Details of each memory were rated as central or peripheral to the event. Significance of the event, vividness, reliving and other aspects of remembering were also rated for each event. Positive affect enhanced recall of peripheral details. Furthermore, the impairment of peripheral recall was greatest in memories of anger, not of fear. Reliving the experience at retrieval was negatively correlated with recall of peripheral details for some emotions (e.g., anger) but not others (e.g., fear), irrespective of similarities in affect and intensity. Within individuals, recall of peripheral details was correlated with less belief in the memory’s accuracy and more likelihood to recall the memory from one’s own eyes (i.e., a field perspective).

Talarico, Jennifer M.; Berntsen, Dorthe; Rubin, David C.

2011-01-01

262

Worldwide food recall patterns over an eleven month period: A country perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Following the World Health Organization Forum in November 2007, the Beijing Declaration recognized the importance of food safety along with the rights of all individuals to a safe and adequate diet. The aim of this study is to retrospectively analyze the patterns in food alert and recall by countries to identify the principal hazard generators and gatekeepers of food

Tamás Nepusz; Andrea Petróczi; Declan P Naughton

2008-01-01

263

Recall Latencies, Confidence, and Output Positions of True and False Memories: Implications for Recall and Metamemory Theories  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Recall latency, recall accuracy rate, and recall confidence were examined in free recall as a function of recall output serial position using a modified Deese-Roediger-McDermott paradigm to test a strength-based theory against the dual-retrieval process theory of recall output sequence. The strength theory predicts the item output sequence to be…

Jou, Jerwen

2008-01-01

264

Recall Latencies, Confidence, and Output Positions of True and False Memories: Implications for Recall and Metamemory Theories  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Recall latency, recall accuracy rate, and recall confidence were examined in free recall as a function of recall output serial position using a modified Deese-Roediger-McDermott paradigm to test a strength-based theory against the dual-retrieval process theory of recall output sequence. The strength theory predicts the item output sequence to be…

Jou, Jerwen

2008-01-01

265

Diet and Carbohydrate Food Knowledge of Multi-Ethnic Women: A Comparative Analysis of Pregnant Women with and without Gestational Diabetes Mellitus  

PubMed Central

Background Diet therapy is the cornerstone for the management of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). Carbohydrate is the primary nutrient affecting postprandial blood glucose levels. Hence, knowledge of food containing carbohydrates can assist women with GDM optimize glycemic control. Despite that, there is a paucity of research on carbohydrate-related knowledge of women with GDM. The United Arab Emirates (UAE) has one of the highest prevalence of diabetes (19.2%) in the world. This study compared diet and knowledge of carbohydrate-containing foods among pregnant women with and without GDM in the UAE. Methods The sample consisted of multi-ethnic women with GDM (n?=?94) and a control group of healthy pregnant women (n?=?90) attending prenatal clinics in three hospitals in Al Ain, UAE. Data were collected using a questionnaire and a 24-hour recall. Knowledge of food sources of carbohydrate, dietary patterns, and nutrient intakes of the two groups were compared. Results There were no significant differences in the mean knowledge score of food sources of carbohydrate between women with GDM and that of pregnant women without GDM. Similarly, there were no significant differences in energy and nutrient intakes between the two groups with the exception of percent energy from protein. Women with GDM reported significantly lower intake of fruits and fruit juices (P?=?0.012) and higher consumption of milk and yogurt (P?=?0.004) compared to that of women without GDM. Twenty-two percent of women with GDM indicated they never visited a dietitian for counseling while 65% reported they visited a dietitian only once or twice during the pregnancy. Predictors of carbohydrate knowledge score were perceived knowledge of diet and GDM and parity among women with GDM and parity and educational level among those without GDM. Conclusion The results of the study highlight the urgent need to provide nutrition education for women with GDM in the UAE.

Ali, Habiba I.; Jarrar, Amjad H.; El Sadig, Mohamed; B. Yeatts, Karin

2013-01-01

266

Impact of Dairy and Sweetened Beverage Consumption on Diet and Weight of a Multiethnic Population of Head Start Mothers  

PubMed Central

Mothers with children in Head Start play a critical role in providing healthful diets and modeling good dietary behaviors to their children, but there is little information available on their diet, especially on beverage consumption. The objective of this study was to assess the association of milk and sweetened beverage consumption with nutrient intake, dietary adequacy, and weight of a multiethnic population of Head Start mothers. Using a cross-sectional, secondary analysis, African-American (43%), Hispanic (33%), and white (24%) women (n=609) were divided into four beverage consumption groups: high milk/low sweetened beverage, high milk/high sweetened beverage, low milk/low sweetened beverage, and low milk/high sweetened beverage. Nutrient intake was determined by averaging 24-hour dietary recalls from 3 nonconsecutive days. Dietary adequacy was determined with the Mean Adequacy Ratio. Mean body mass index for the four beverage consumption groups was compared; there were no differences among the groups (overall mean±standard error=30.8±0.3). Women in the high milk/low sweetened beverage group had higher mean intakes of vitamins A, D, and B-6; riboflavin; thiamin; folate; phosphorus; calcium; iron; magnesium; and potassium (P<0.0125 for all) when compared with the other beverage consumption groups. Mean Adequacy Ratio was highest in the high milk/low sweetened beverage (71.8±0.8) and lowest in the low milk/high sweetened beverage (58.4±0.8) consumption groups (P<0.0125). Women in the high milk/low sweetened beverage group consumed more nutrient-dense foods. Overall consumption of milk was low. Consumption of high milk/low sweetened beverage was associated with improved nutrient intake, including the shortfall nutrients, ie, calcium, potassium, magnesium, and vitamin A.

O'NEIL, CAROL E.; NICKLAS, THERESA A.; LIU, YAN; FRANKLIN, FRANK A.

2009-01-01

267

An empirical investigation of bogus recall  

Microsoft Academic Search

A mall-intercept study involving 200 respondents was conducted to examine bogus recall of advertising slogans. The findings\\u000a suggest that bogus recall is: (1) negatively related to (a) education, (b) age, (c) income, and (d) being told that slogan\\u000a recall will be verified by being asked to name the product\\/company associated with the slogan; (2) positively related to (a)\\u000a the belief

Myron Glassman; John B. Ford

1988-01-01

268

Enhancing children's event recall after long delays  

Microsoft Academic Search

SUMMARY The effects of context reinstatement as means of enhancing 5- and 6-year-old children's event memory in repeated interviews after a 6-month delay were examined. Children were interviewed immediately after the event (baseline interview) and twice at a 6-month delay, with 24 hours between interviews. The first 6-month interview was conducted in a perfect-context reinstatement (n ¼ 15), imperfect-context reinstatement

David La Rooy; Margaret-Ellen Pipe; Janice E. Murray

2007-01-01

269

Examining the Relationship between Free Recall and Immediate Serial Recall: The Effect of Concurrent Task Performance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In 3 experiments, participants saw lists of 16 words for free recall with or without a 6-digit immediate serial recall (ISR) task after each word. Free recall was performed under standard visual silent and spoken-aloud conditions (Experiment 1), overt rehearsal conditions (Experiment 2), and fixed rehearsal conditions (Experiment 3). The authors…

Bhatarah, Parveen; Ward, Geoff; Tan, Lydia

2006-01-01

270

Serial recall versus recall by categories in short-term memory  

Microsoft Academic Search

C. G. Penney (1980) reported that serial recall of a list containing both auditorily and visually presented verbal items produced a lower level of recall than did separate recall of auditory and visual items. This finding was interpreted as support for the hypothesis that auditory and visual items are processed in separate streams in short-term memory, and that it is

Catherine G. Penney

1982-01-01

271

Quantum Bounce and Cosmic Recall  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Loop quantum cosmology predicts that, in simple models, the big bang is replaced by a quantum bounce. A natural question is whether the universe retains, after the bounce, its memory about the previous epoch. More precisely, does the Universe retain various properties of the state after evolving unitarily through the bounce, or does it suffer from recently suggested cosmic amnesia? We show that this issue can be answered unambiguously at least within an exactly solvable model. A semiclassical state at late times on one side of the bounce, peaked on a pair of canonically conjugate variables, strongly bounds the fluctuations on the other side, implying semiclassicality. For a model universe growing to 1 megaparsec, the change in relative fluctuation across the bounce is less than 10-56 (becoming smaller for larger universes). The universe maintains (an almost) total recall.

Corichi, Alejandro; Singh, Parampreet

2008-04-01

272

Does feigning amnesia impair subsequent recall?  

PubMed

Defendants who are accused of serious crimes sometimes feign amnesia to evade criminal responsibility. Previous research has suggested that feigning amnesia might impair subsequent recall. In two experiments, participants read and heard a story about a central character, described as "you," who was responsible for the death of either a puppy (Experiment 1) or a friend (Experiment 2). On free and cued recall tests immediately after the story, participants who had feigned amnesia recalled less than did participants who had recalled accurately. One week later, when all participants recalled accurately, participants who had previously feigned amnesia still performed worse than did participants who had recalled accurately both times. However, the participants who had formerly feigned amnesia did not perform worse than did a control group who had received only the delayed recall tests. Our results suggest that a "feigned amnesia effect" may reflect nothing more than differential practice at recall. Feigning amnesia for a crime need not impair memory for that crime when a person later seeks to remember accurately. PMID:19103978

Sun, Xue; Punjabi, Paawan V; Greenberg, Lucy T; Seamon, John G

2009-01-01

273

Recall and recognition for faces and names  

Microsoft Academic Search

Two pages of faces and names from the Moss Social Intelligence Test were used to measure recall and recognition value for names and faces. Results based on 468 college students and faculty seem to show that recognition gives a much higher accuracy than recall for both names and faces. Names are somewhat easier to recognize than faces, and although the

H. M. Clarke

1934-01-01

274

Individual Differences in Eyewitness Recall Accuracy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Presents study results comparing college students' self-evaluation of recall accuracy to actual recall of detail after viewing a crime scenario. Reports that self-reported ability to remember detail correlates with accuracy in memory of specifics. Concludes that people may have a good indication early in the eyewitness situation of whether they…

Berger, James D.; Herringer, Lawrence G.

1991-01-01

275

Positive emotions enhance recall of peripheral details  

Microsoft Academic Search

Emotional arousal and negative affect enhance recall of central aspects of an event. However, the role of discrete emotions in selective memory processing is understudied. Undergraduates were asked to recall and rate autobiographical memories of eight emotional events. Details of each memory were rated as central or peripheral to the event. Significance of the event, vividness, reliving and other aspects

Jennifer M. Talarico; Dorthe Berntsen; David C. Rubin

2009-01-01

276

Recall and recognition free learning in schizophrenics  

Microsoft Academic Search

Administered recall and recognition learning tasks to 30 schizophrenic and 30 nonschizophrenic psychiatric inpatients. The schizophrenics were inferior to the nonschizophrenics in the number of correct items reproduced on the recall tests, but the 2 groups did not differ significantly in the number of correct items identified on the recognition tests. The schizophrenics made more intrusion errors on both the

Gilead Nachmani; Bertram D. Cohen

1969-01-01

277

Organization of Free Recall Using Specialized Content.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The organizational factors in memory relevant to learning medical diagnosis terms are discussed in this paper. Two hypotheses are tested: that the type of list organization will affect total recall; and that the type of curriculum and year in school will affect the organization of recall. Ninety-six second and third year medical students from two…

Sprafka, Sarah; Zacks, Rose

278

Cued recall and memory disorders in dementia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Memory functioning of normal elderly subjects and patients with suspected malignant memory disorders were examined using a cued recall memory assessment procedure. Levels of psychosocial functioning were rated by a multidisciplinary team. Ability to engage in free and cued recall was studied to determine the relationship between problems of acquisition and retrieval. Normal and impaired elderly showed strong differences on

H. Tuokko; D. Crockett

1989-01-01

279

Total recall: are privacy changes inevitable?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Total Recall is a system that records an individual perspective of the world using personal sensors such as a microphone in a pair of glasses or a camera in a necklace. There are many applications of Total Recall -- patients accurately recording what they've recently eaten, students replaying any part of a class, and so on--that can significantly improve people's

William C. Cheng; Leana Golubchik; David G. Kay

2004-01-01

280

Maternal Recall of Distant Pregnancy Events  

Microsoft Academic Search

Women themselves are often the most convenient source of information regarding their pregnancy and birth outcomes such as prematurity. However, the ability of mothers to recall birth information and the accuracy of information they do recall has rarely been assessed. This study used a mail survey of women who delivered either term or preterm infants in Rochester, Minnesota, between 1980

Barbara P Yawn; Vera J Suman; Steven J Jacobsen

1998-01-01

281

Low Salt Diet Increases Insulin Resistance in Healthy Subjects  

PubMed Central

Objective Low salt (LS) diet activates the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone and sympathetic nervous systems, both of which can increase insulin resistance (IR). We investigated the hypothesis that LS diet is associated with an increase in IR in healthy subjects. Methods Healthy individuals were studied after 7 days of LS diet (urine sodium <20 mmol/day) and 7 days of high salt (HS) diet (urine sodium >150 mmol/day) in a random order. IR was measured after each diet and compared statistically, unadjusted and adjusted for important covariates. Results One hundred fifty two healthy men and women, age 39.1 ± 12.5 years (range 18–65), body mass index (BMI) 25.3 ± 4.0 kg/m2, were included in this study. Mean (SD) homeostasis model assessment (HOMA) was significantly higher on LS compared with HS diet (2.8 ± 1.6 Vs 2.4 ± 1.7; P <0.01). Serum aldosterone (21.0 ± 14.3 Vs 3.4 ± 1.5 ng/dl; p<0.001), 24 hour urine aldosterone (63.0 ± 34.0 Vs 9.5 ± 6.5 µg/day; p<0.001) and 24 hour urine norepinephrine excretion (78.0 ± 36.7 Vs 67.9 ± 39.8 µg/day; p<0.05) were higher on LS diet compared with HS diet. LS diet was significantly associated with higher HOMA independent of age, gender, blood pressure, BMI, serum sodium and potassium, serum angiotensin II, plasma renin activity, serum and urine aldosterone, and urine epinephrine and norepinephrine. Conclusions Low salt diet is associated with an increase in IR. The impact of our findings on the pathogenesis of diabetes and cardiovascular disease needs further investigation.

Garg, Rajesh; Williams, Gordon H.; Hurwitz, Shelley; Brown, Nancy J.; Hopkins, Paul N.; Adler, Gail K.

2010-01-01

282

The metabolic response to a high-protein, low-carbohydrate diet in men with type 2 diabetes mellitus  

Microsoft Academic Search

We recently reported that in subjects with untreated type 2 diabetes mellitus, a 5-week diet of 20:30:50 carbohydrate-protein-fat ratio resulted in a dramatic decrease in 24-hour integrated glucose and total glycohemoglobin compared with a control diet of 55:15:30. Body weight, total cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, and serum ketones were unchanged; insulin and nonesterified fatty acids were decreased.

Frank Q. Nuttall; Mary C. Gannon

2006-01-01

283

Recall of LCG2 Leukoreduction System for Red Blood Cells ...  

Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research (CBER)

... Recall of LCG2 Leukoreduction System for Red Blood Cells-MacoProductions SAS. DATE RECALL INITIATED: November 18, 2005. ... More results from www.fda.gov/biologicsbloodvaccines/safetyavailability/recalls

284

Recall of BD CMVScan Card Test Kit-Becton Dickinson ...  

Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research (CBER)

... Recall of BD CMVScan Card Test Kit-Becton Dickinson Diagnostics. DATE RECALL INITIATED: ... Becton Dickinson Diagnostics Sparks, MD. ... More results from www.fda.gov/biologicsbloodvaccines/safetyavailability/recalls

285

Recall of m2000sp Instrument-Abbott Molecular, Inc.  

Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research (CBER)

... Recall of m2000sp Instrument-Abbott Molecular, Inc. DATE RECALL INITIATED: August 25, 2008. PRODUCT / LOT NUMBER: ... More results from www.fda.gov/biologicsbloodvaccines/safetyavailability/recalls

286

Recall of Thymoglobulin [Anti-thymocyte Globulin (Rabbit)] ...  

Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research (CBER)

... Recall of Thymoglobulin [Anti-thymocyte Globulin (Rabbit)]-Genzyme Corporation-2/11/08. DATE RECALL INITIATED: February 11, 2008. ... More results from www.fda.gov/biologicsbloodvaccines/safetyavailability/recalls

287

How can I tell if my eggs have been recalled?  

Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition (CFSAN)

... Section Contents Menu. Recalls, Outbreaks & Emergencies. Safety Alerts & Advisories. -. How can I tell if my eggs have been recalled? ... More results from www.fda.gov/food/recalls,%20outbreaks%20&%20emergencies/safetyalertsadvisories

288

Rich Products Corporation Expands Voluntary Recall to All ...  

Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition (CFSAN)

... announced a voluntary recall of certain Farm Rich® and Market Day® products is expanding its voluntary recall to include all products produced at ... More results from www.fda.gov/food/recallsoutbreaksemergencies/recalls

289

Is scanning in probed order recall articulatory?  

PubMed

We consider how theories of serial recall might apply to other short-term memory tasks involving recall of order. In particular, we consider the possibility that when participants are cued to recall an item at an arbitrary position in a sequence, they covertly serially recall the list up to the cued position. One question is whether such "scanning" is articulatory in nature. Two experiments are presented in which the syllabic length of words preceding and following target positions were manipulated, to test the prediction of an articulatory-based mechanism that time to recall an item at a particular position will depend on the number of preceding long words. Although latency was dependent on target position, no word length effects on latency were observed. Additionally, the effects of word length on accuracy replicate recent demonstrations in serial recall that recall accuracy is dependent on the word length of all list items, not just that of target items, in line with distinctiveness assumptions. It is concluded that if scanning does occur, it is not carried out by covert or overt articulation. PMID:19180362

Farrell, Simon; Lelièvre, Anna

2009-09-01

290

Questions and Answers on the Abbott Infant Formula Recall  

Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition (CFSAN)

... Expert Care, Alimentum, Elecare, Similac Expert Care Neosure, Similac ... Representatives are available 24 hours a day, seven days a week at ... More results from www.fda.gov/food/recallsoutbreaksemergencies/safetyalertsadvisories

291

Oak Ridge callibration recall program  

SciTech Connect

A development effort was initiated within the Oak Ridge metrology community to address the need for a more versatile and user friendly tracking database that could be used across the Oak Ridge complex. This database, which became known as the Oak Ridge Calibration Recall Program (ORCRP), needed to be diverse enough for use by all three Oak Ridge facilities, as well as the seven calibration organizations that support them. Various practical functions drove the initial design of the program: (1) accessible by any user at any site through a multi-user interface, (2) real-time database that was able to automatically generate e-mail notices of due and overdue measuring and test equipment, (3) large memory storage capacity, and (4) extremely fast data access times. In addition, the program needed to generate reports on items such as instrument turnaround time, workload projections, and laboratory efficiency. Finally, the program should allow the calibration intervals to be modified, based on historical data. The developed program meets all of the stated requirements and is accessible over a network of computers running Microsoft Windows software.

Falter, K.G.; Wright, W.E. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States); Pritchard, E.W. [Oak Ridge Centers for Manufacturing Technology, TN (United States)] [and others

1996-12-31

292

General Mills Announces Voluntary Recall of Limited Quantity ...  

Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition (CFSAN)

... General Mills Announces Voluntary Recall of Limited Quantity of Refrigerated Pillsbury Cinnamon Rolls With Icing. No Other ... More results from www.fda.gov/food/recallsoutbreaksemergencies/recalls

293

A dietary intervention to elicit rapid and complex dietary changes for studies investigating the effects of diet on tissues collected during invasive surgical procedures.  

PubMed

Nutrition intervention trials in patients undergoing surgical treatment for cancer offer a unique opportunity to study the mechanisms and pathways that underlie diet and cancer associations in target tissues. However, due to the short time period between diagnosis and treatment, traditional dietary intervention methods are not feasible. This report describes a novel dietary intervention program designed to elicit rapid and complex dietary change during a condensed study period. The intervention, based on Consumer Information Processing, used standardized menus and exchange lists to guide food choices, and was delivered using a single, in-person session followed by telephone-based counseling. This intervention program was used in a small pilot study evaluating the short-term effects of dietary change in men with newly diagnosed prostate cancer. Eight men were randomly assigned to either a low-fat/low-glycemic load or standard American diet during the 4 weeks preceding prostate surgery. Participants completed 24-hour dietary recalls each week, and were weighed at baseline and at surgery. Compared to men in the standard American arm (n=4), men in the low-fat/low-glycemic arm (n=4) reported consuming less total fat (51.0+/-36.0 vs 93.5+/-8.4 g/day, P=0.06), and had a lower glycemic load (134.8+/-6.0 vs 266.3+/-36.8 units/day, P<0.001). Men in the low-fat/low-glycemic arm lost a mean of 5.3+/-1.7 kg and men in the standard American arm gained 0.8+/-4.5 kg (P=0.04). Results of this small pilot study suggest that a relatively simple and minimally burdensome dietary intervention can elicit rapid and complex dietary changes that are maintained over a 4-week study period. Further studies in larger and more diverse populations are needed to fully understand the potential of this novel intervention approach. PMID:19248862

Schenk, Jeannette M; Neuhouser, Marian L; Lin, Daniel W; Kristal, Alan R

2009-03-01

294

Few differences in diet and health behaviors and perceptions were observed in adult urban Native American Indians by tribal association, gender, and age grouping.  

PubMed

Diet and health behaviors and perceptions of adult urban Native American Indians in a large Midwestern city were evaluated for differences by tribal association, gender, and age grouping. The hypothesis was that human behavior is influenced by tribal association, gender, and age grouping in the subject population. The subjects included 33 men and 32 women, with 26 being Sioux; 22 Omaha; and 17 a combination of other tribes. The descriptive survey included two interviewer-administered 24-hour recalls. The majority of subjects were overweight or obese. Significant differences (P< .05) were observed in vitamin A and calcium intakes by tribal association. Men reported consuming significantly more (P< .05) kilocalories, vitamin C, and sodium. Over half the subjects consumed more than the recommended 20% to 35% kcal from fat, >or=10% kcal from saturated fat, and >or=300 mg cholesterol/d. Less than Estimated Average Requirements for vitamin A, vitamin C, and iron were consumed by 31%, 59%, and 6%, respectively; 79% consumed less than Adequate Intakes for calcium. Ninety-two percent consumed more than the Tolerable Upper Intake Level for sodium. Few differences were observed in the kilocalorie, vitamin A, vitamin C, calcium, and sodium intakes of these Native American Indians by tribal association, gender, or age grouping. Significant differences in percentages consuming alcohol were observed by gender (P< .05) and by age grouping (P< .01). A significant difference (P< .01) was observed by gender regarding the subjects' perceptions of their being alcoholics. Overall, few differences were observed in diet and health behaviors and perceptions of adult urban Native American Indians by tribal association, gender, and age grouping. PMID:19083496

Carter, Tina L; Morse, Kristin L; Giraud, David W; Driskell, Judy A

2008-12-01

295

Effect of hyperprotidic diet associated or not with hypercalcic diet on calcium oxalate stone formation in rat.  

PubMed

The aim of this study was to determine whether protein, administered alone or simultaneously with a hypercalcic diet, was able to aggravate calcium oxalate stone formation in rats. Thirty-two male Wistar rats were randomly divided into four groups of 8 rats each and assigned a calcium oxalate lithogenic diet added to their drinking water for 3 weeks. One group, used as reference, received a standard diet prepared in our laboratory. The second was assigned the same diet but supplemented with 7.5 g animal proteins/100 g diet. The third received a diet containing 500 mg calcium more than the standard group. The diet given to the last group was supplemented with calcium and protein at the same doses indicated previously. One day before the end of treatment, each animal was placed in a metabolic cage to collect 24-hour urine samples and determine urinary creatinine, urea, calcium, magnesium, phosphate, uric acid, citric acid and oxalate levels. Immediately thereafter, aortic blood was collected to determine the same parameters as in urine. The kidneys were also removed to determine calcium oxalate deposits. Our results showed an increased 24-hour urinary excretion of calcium, oxalate and uric acid and decreased urinary citric acid excretion only in groups that received protein supplementation. At the same time, calcium oxalate deposits were found significantly higher in hyperprotidic diets than reference or calcium-supplemented groups. According to these findings, glomerular filtration, fractional excretion of urea and reabsorption of water, calcium and magnesium were found significantly lower in hyperprotidic diets compared to other groups. These results demonstrate that proteins could seriously aggravate calcium oxalate stones and cause renal disturbances. PMID:15860912

Sakly, R; Bardaoui, M; Neffati, F; Moussa, A; Zakhama, A; Najjar, M F; Hammami, M

2005-04-28

296

Recall of RECOMBIVAX HB [Hepatitis B Vaccine ...  

Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research (CBER)

... concluded that for certain vials in the affected lot, the potential exists for a crack to have occurred in the vial. If the vial was cracked, the integrity of ... More results from www.fda.gov/biologicsbloodvaccines/safetyavailability/recalls

297

Recall of Mylanta and Alternagel Liquid Products  

NASA Website

In consultation with the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA), Johnson & Johnson-Merck Consumer Pharmaceuticals, Co. (JJMCP) is recalling, from the wholesale and retail level, twelve MYLANTA® liquid products and one AlternaGEL® liquid product. ...

298

Whole Foods Market Recalls Mislabeled Curried Chicken ...  

Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition (CFSAN)

... Framingham, Massachusetts; Fresh Pond in Cambridge, Massachusetts; Milburn-Union, New Jersey; ... Upper West Side in New York City. ... More results from www.fda.gov/food/recallsoutbreaksemergencies/recalls

299

Recall of FETALSCREEN - Ortho-Clinical Diagnostics  

Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research (CBER)

... It was current when produced, but is no longer maintained and may ... determined that the positive control is not consistently producing the expected ... More results from www.fda.gov/biologicsbloodvaccines/safetyavailability/recalls

300

Information on the Recalled Jensen Farms Whole ...  

Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition (CFSAN)

... Transcript of FDA Media Briefing on the Jensen Farms Environmental Assessment Related to the Listeria Outbreak October 19, 2011; ... More results from www.fda.gov/food/recalls,%20outbreaks%20&%20emergencies/outbreaks

301

Recall: Prevnar Pneumococcal 7-valent Conjugate Vaccine ...  

Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research (CBER)

... During a routine physical reconciliation of Prevnar® pre-filled syringes, Wyeth determined that a portion of a bulk lot of pre-filled syringes, which ... More results from www.fda.gov/biologicsbloodvaccines/safetyavailability/recalls

302

Publix Issues Voluntary Recall Multiple Cake Products  

NASA Website

Out of an abundance of caution, Publix Super Markets is issuing a voluntary recall for forty-five (45) various cake products due to the fact that they may be adulterated with Listeria monocytogenes. Publix received notification of the contamination ...

303

Evershing International Trading Inc. Announces Recall of ...  

Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition (CFSAN)

... learned on July 30, 2013 from the California Department of Public Health (CDPH), that the Ginger Candy contains high levels of lead that could ... More results from www.fda.gov/food/recallsoutbreaksemergencies/recalls

304

Recall of Medical Device Notification: Sunquest Laboratory ...  

Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research (CBER)

... If the user chooses to delete and unacceptable product test result by replacing it with another unacceptable product test result, then cancels and ... More results from www.fda.gov/biologicsbloodvaccines/safetyavailability/recalls

305

Recall of Blood-Pack Unit  

Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research (CBER)

... Fenwal identified an assembly issue with the 4R3459 Blood-Pack Unit in which the satellite bag used for the storage of platelets was PL146 instead ... More results from www.fda.gov/biologicsbloodvaccines/safetyavailability/recalls

306

Heeren Brothers Recalls Cantaloupe Because of Possible ...  

Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition (CFSAN)

... became aware of this issue after the Food & Drug Administration conducted a routine sampling and found the cantaloupes contained the bacteria. ... More results from www.fda.gov/food/recallsoutbreaksemergencies/recalls

307

Price Chopper Supermarkets Recalls Coconut Custard Pies  

Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition (CFSAN)

... The pies were sold between August 11 and October 18. Products should be returned to a local Price Chopper for a full refund. ... More results from www.fda.gov/food/recallsoutbreaksemergencies/recalls

308

Scenic Fruit Company Recalls Woodstock Frozen Organic ...  

Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition (CFSAN)

... from food. It can range from a mild illness lasting a few weeks to a serious illness lasting several months. Illness generally ... More results from www.fda.gov/food/recallsoutbreaksemergencies/recalls

309

Recall of Abbott Prism HIV O Plus  

Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research (CBER)

... When the OPC does not meet specification, the PRISM channel is shutdown and ... Customers who do not have an alternate lot of Abbott PRISM HIV ... More results from www.fda.gov/biologicsbloodvaccines/safetyavailability/recalls

310

PLASMA MINERAL AND ENERGY METABOLITE CONCENTRATIONS IN DAIRY COWS FED AN ANIONIC PREPARTUM DIET THAT DID OR DID NOT HAVE RETAINED FETAL MEMBRANES AFTER PARTURITION  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

OBJECTIVE: To compare plasma total calcium, phosphorus, magnesium, nonesterified fatty acids (NEFA), beta hydroxy butyrate (BHB), and glucose concentrations in parturient dairy cows that were fed an anionic prepartum diet between those with and without retained fetal membranes (RFM) at 24 hours afte...

311

Predicting the frequency of dream recall  

Microsoft Academic Search

Tested the hypothesis that dream recallers would have better memory for visual stimuli than dream nonrecallers. 50 recaller and 50 nonrecaller undergraduates were given tests of short- and long-term memory, incidental memory, and a personality battery consisting of measures of anxiety, repression-sensitization, and internal-external control. Results indicate that the memory variables and the Ss' self-reported number of awakenings distinguished between

Thomas L. Cory; Donald W. Ormiston; Edward Simmel; Marvin Dainoff

1975-01-01

312

Retrieval Processes in Recognition and Cued Recall  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present studies used response time (RT) and accuracy to explore the processes and relation of recognition and cued recall. The studies used free-response and signal-to-respond techniques and varied list length and presentation rate. In Experiment 1, the free-RT distributions for recognition had much lower mean and variance than those for cued recall. Similarly, signal-to-respond curves showed fast rates of

Peter A. Nobel; Richard M. Shiffrin

2001-01-01

313

Is Retrievability Grouping Good for Recall?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Most theories suppose that during unconstrained retrieval easy-to-retrieve items will be accessed before hard-to-retrieve items. Recent free-recall studies have supported a different access order, the cognitive triage pattern, in which hard-to-retrieve items are accessed first. The present experiments demonstrated that this pattern enhances total recall. In Experiments 1–3, clustering type measures of goodness of triage (grouping output according to items'

C. J. Brainerd; V. F. Reyna; K. K. Harnishfeger; M. L. Howe

1993-01-01

314

Understanding the dynamics of correct and error responses in free recall: Evidence from externalized free recall  

Microsoft Academic Search

The dynamics of correct and error responses in a variant of delayed free recall were examined in the present study. In the\\u000a externalized free recall paradigm, participants were presented with lists of words and were instructed to subsequently recall\\u000a not only the words that they could remember from the most recently presented list, but also any other words that came

Nash Unsworth; Gene A. Brewer; Gregory J. Spillers

2010-01-01

315

Nutrient intake and food use in an Ojibwa-Cree community in Northern Ontario assessed by 24h dietary recall  

Microsoft Academic Search

As part of a diabetes prevention program in a remote Ojibwa-Cree community in Northern Ontario, 72% of residents >9y of age (7291019) underwent an oral glucose tolerance test; >98% (718729) of participants provided a complete 24h dietary recall. Their diet was typical of that for aboriginal North American populations undergoing rapid cultural change, being high in saturated fat (?13% energy),

Safa Hamad; Joel Gittelsohn; Anthony JG Hanley; Alexander Logan; Stewart B Harris; Bernard Zinman

1997-01-01

316

Circadian rhythms and their effects on advertising recall  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study explores circadian rhythms and their effects on long term recall in 127 college students. Students are exposed to a series of commercials over a period of time. Unaided recall is attempted two weeks later. Results from two studies (one examining recall in the morning at 9 AM and the other looking at recall at 3:30 in the afternoon)

Nora Martin; Diane Prince

317

Experiences of Recall After Mammography Screening—A Qualitative Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Women participating in biannual mammography screening for 20 years have a cumulative risk of 20% of being recalled. We conducted a prospective qualitative interview study with eight nonsymptomatic women recalled after mammography screening. These women expressed mixed emotions over being recalled. Information about recall rates and breast cancer risk was seen as alarming, and cancer risk estimates were seen by

Marit Solbjør; Siri Forsmo; John-Arne Skolbekken; Ann Rudinow Sætnan

2011-01-01

318

Subject: AMPLIFY 24 -hour internal panel meeting summary  

Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research (CBER)

Text Version... bioaccumulation from different sources. The Panel was interested in the suggestion of non threshold response and his thoughts on urinary mercury ... More results from www.fda.gov/downloads/advisorycommittees/committeesmeetingmaterials

319

Rethinking the Youth Weight Debate: The 24 Hour Day  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Approaches to weight management have traditionally focussed on caloric intake versus caloric expenditure. Despite a range of interventions based on these approaches, the proportion of overweight children and adolescents continues to rise. There are increasing indications that other factors, such as sleep duration, may be at play. This commentary…

Dodd, Graham; Biggs, Sarah; Agley, Daniel; Dollman, James; Lushington, Kurt

2008-01-01

320

24-Hour Summary of the General and Plastic Surgery Devices ...  

Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research (CBER)

Text Version... The General and Plastic Surgery Devices Panel of the ... 3, which asked whether the benefits of MelaFind for ... data to evaluate the risk/benefit trade-off ... More results from www.fda.gov/downloads/advisorycommittees/committeesmeetingmaterials

321

Sun Blasts 6 CMEs in 24 Hour Period  

NASA Video Gallery

This movie from the chronograph on board the SOlar and Heliospheric Observatory (SOHO), shows the sun's atmosphere – the corona – from September 17 to September 20. The sun let loose with at least six coronal mass ejections (CMEs) from 7 PM ET on September 18, 2011 until 1 PM on September 19.

Holly Zell

2011-09-20

322

24-hour blood pressure profile in Addison's disease.  

PubMed

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the circadian blood pressure rhythmicity in patients with primary adrenal insufficiency. Ten newly diagnosed and untreated patients with Addison's disease, 17 addisonian patients (including the previous 10) following an adequate regimen of corticosteroid replacement therapy, and 15 healthy subjects as a control group were studied. Twenty-four-hour ambulatory blood pressure and heart rate were measured automatically every 30 min using a Takeda TM-2420 recorder. The runs test, used for detecting blood pressure diurnal rhythm, was compatible with a rhythm in 2 of 10 patients with untreated Addison's disease, in 13 of 17 patients with treated Addison's disease, and in 13 of 15 normals. Six of eight addisonian patients showing no evidence of blood pressure rhythm in the untreated state acquired circadian periodicity during therapy. An analysis of blood pressure readings by Fourier series with four harmonics showed that blood pressure mesor was lower in untreated than in treated addisonian and normal subjects (P < .05). The nocturnal fall was smaller for systolic and diastolic blood pressure in untreated than in treated addisonian and normal subjects (P < .05). Adrenocortical insufficiency is often characterized by loss of circadian blood pressure rhythm, and normal rhythm can be reestablished by replacement therapy. Lack of cortisol rhythm or persistent activation of the renin-angiotensin system and sympathetic tone may play a role in this phenomenon. PMID:7702806

Fallo, F; Fanelli, G; Cipolla, A; Betterle, C; Boscaro, M; Sonino, N

1994-12-01

323

Collection of a 24-Hour Urine Specimen (Beyond the Basics)  

MedlinePLUS

... remove the feces from the urine collection bottle. Finish by collecting the first urine passed the next ... of time. WHERE TO GET MORE INFORMATION Your healthcare provider is the best source of information for ...

324

Ergogenic demands of a 24 hour cycling event.  

PubMed Central

The maximal aerobic performance (VO2 max) and energy costs of cycling at various power outputs and equivalent road speeds of a highly trained endurance cyclist (age 23.4 yrs, height 1.95 m, weight 73.1 kg), were measured in the laboratory on an eddy-current cycle ergometer, and the physiological responses related to determinations made during a 24 h cycling time trial event, using continuous ECG recording from which estimates of ergogenic demands were obtained. The cyclist covered a distance of 694 km during the event at an average speed of 28.9 km.h-1 which corresponded to an equivalent oxygen cost of 38.5 ml.kg-1 min-1 and represented approximately 55% of his VO2 max. During the event, the cyclist expended an estimated 82,680 kJ of energy, of which approximately 44,278 kJ (54%) were supplied by repeated feedings of liquids, solids and semi-solids and some 38,402 kJ (46%) came from the stored energy reserves which resulted in a 1.19 kg loss of body weight during the event. The energy demands of the activity were more than three times greater than the highest recorded values of severe industrial work, and similar to the hourly rates of expenditure of shorter duration competitive events, but above the highest values reported over other extreme endurance events over the same period of time. The results thus represent near maximal levels of sustainable ergogenic effort by man over a complete 24 h cycle. Images p165-a p165-b p165-c

White, J. A.; Ward, C.; Nelson, H.

1984-01-01

325

24 hour melatonin secretory pattern in Cushing's syndrome.  

PubMed

The concentrations of plasma melatonin and cortisol were determined every 20 min during a 24 h period in 6 women aged 24 to 45 years with Cushing's syndrome of differing aetiologies (4 adrenal adenomas, 2 adrenal hyperplasia). Melatonin was assayed after chloroform extraction according to the method of Rollag and Niswender (1976). Abnormal melatonin secretory patterns were found in all the patients; 24 h melatonin concentration means varied from 130 to 413 pg/ml and were not significantly higher than the 24 h mean in 4 controls (215 +/- 126 pg/ml). All six subjects however showed a significant increase of melatonin during the day period (302 +/- 109 as compared with controls 129 +/- 65 mg/ml, mean +/- SD; P less than 0.005). No relationship could be found between abnormal melatonin levels and the sexual status of the patients (4 with amenorrhoea, 2 normally menstruating women). An alteration of melatonin secretory pattern is present in Cushing's syndrome, whatever the aetiology. It is suggested that hypercortisolism, by itself, may modify the pattern of melatonin secretion. PMID:6684004

Fevre-Montange, M; Tourniaire, J; Estour, B; Bajard, L

1983-08-01

326

Knighthelm 24-hour HMD: from development to production  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The BAE SYSTEMS Knighthelm HMD is a unique two-part helmet design, using a form fitted inner helmet with an outer display module. It has been refined and enhanced, as part of an extensive development program, for the German Army Tiger helicopter, and is optimized for the attack helicopter application. The design optically mixes the output of an Image Intensifier Tube with Cathode Ray Tube imagery. This provides a flexible display of symbology overlaid on NVG imagery or symbology overlaid on FLIR video viewed as a collimated image in the see through combiner eyepiece in front of the users eyes.

White, John; Cameron, Alexander A.

2001-08-01

327

Product Recalls, Imperfect Information, and Spillover Effects: Lessons from the Consumer Response to the 2007 Toy Recalls  

Microsoft Academic Search

In 2007, the Consumer Product Safety Commission issued 212 recalls of toys and other children's products, a sizable increase from previous years. We investigate changes in toy sales following these recalls. We find that for manufacturers that had recalls, unit sales of the types of toys involved in the recall fell relative to their sales of toys in other categories.

Seth Freedman; Melissa Kearney; Mara Lederman

2012-01-01

328

Diverticulitis Diet  

MedlinePLUS

... beans, peas and potatoes (without the skin) Eggs, fish and poultry Refined wheat and white bread Fruit ... to recommended servings Canola oil: Does it contain toxins? Carbohydrate-loading diet Gout diet: What's allowed, what's ...

329

Children's recalls from five dietary-reporting validation studies: Intrusions in correctly reported and misreported options in school breakfast reports  

PubMed Central

For school breakfast each day, many elementary schools offer a choice between a cold option that includes ready-to-eat (RTE) cereal and a hot option that includes a non-RTE-cereal entrée such as waffles. For breakfast reports, intrusions (reports of uneaten items) in correctly reported and misreported breakfast options were examined using data from five dietary-reporting validation studies. In each study, fourth-grade children were observed eating school breakfast and school lunch and then interviewed to obtain a dietary recall. A breakfast option was correctly reported in 240 breakfast reports for 203 intrusions total, and misreported in 97 breakfast reports for 189 intrusions total. Asymmetry was evident in misreported options; specifically, children observed eating a cold option almost never misreported a hot option, but children observed eating a hot option often misreported a cold option. Proportionately more breakfast reports were intrusion-free when a breakfast option was correctly reported than misreported. Linking of intrusions (i.e., multiple intrusions from the same option in a breakfast report) was especially evident with misreported breakfast options. Methodological aspects of dietary recalls such as target period (prior 24 hours; previous day), interview time (morning; afternoon; evening), and interview format (meal; open) had implications for intrusions and misreported breakfast options.

Baxter, Suzanne Domel; Hardin, James W.; Royer, Julie A.; Guinn, Caroline H.; Smith, Albert F.

2008-01-01

330

An Automated Dental Recall and Information System  

PubMed Central

A preventive dentistry program for fleet and shore based naval units assigned to Hawaii is monitored by a computerized dental recall system. The data base contains information concerning the identity, location, dental classification, required treatment and/or examination, and location of each individual's record. There are approximately 25,000 individual records in the data base. Utilizing this data, several functions concerning the management of dental treatment are accomplished. These include the dental recall of each individual, the dental status of each unit, the efficiency of each clinic, and most important, the identity of personnel who do not respond to treatment calls.

Caron, J.V.; Wilkie, N.D.; Loizeaux, A.D.

1981-01-01

331

Alternating-time logic with imperfect recall  

Microsoft Academic Search

We study here a variant of the alternating-time temporal logic (ATL) where each agent has a given memory. We show that it is an interesting compromise, rather realistic but with a reasonable complexity. In contrast, most models with perfect recall and imperfect information have an undecidable model-checking problem.

Pierre-Yves Schobbens

2004-01-01

332

Precision and Recall in Title Keyword Searches.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study examines precision and recall for title and keyword searches performed in the "FirstSearch" WorldCat database when keywords are used with and without adjacency of terms specified. A random sample of 68 titles in economics were searched in the OCLC (Online Computer Library Center) Online Union Catalog in order to obtain their Library of…

McJunkin, Monica Cahill

333

Fading Memories: Retrospective Recall Inaccuracies in ADHD  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Objective: This longitudinal study examines the recall accuracy of childhood ADHD symptoms in late adolescence and early adulthood by youth and their parents, compared with reports obtained during childhood. Method: Participants (N = 94) are initially evaluated when they are aged between 7 and 11 and reassessed when they are aged between 16 and…

Miller, Carlin J.; Newcorn, Jeffrey H.; Halperin, Jeffrey M.

2010-01-01

334

Babcock and Wilcox recall system experience  

Microsoft Academic Search

Late in 1979, Babcock and Wilcox began development of a dedicated data acquisition and display system called RECALL. This system was in response to industry's needs as put forth in the TMI-II Lesson Learned Reports. The starting point of this design was the B and W Reactimeter, which performed a vital role of transient data capture at TMI-II. A full

A. F. Lexa; R. O. Oelschlager; E. A. Rapp

1982-01-01

335

Category structure, brand recall, and choice  

Microsoft Academic Search

Most marketing discussions of product-markets and competitive positioning implicitly assume that consumers are aware of product category structures. In the present research, we examine this assumption and show how the provision of structure can improve the quality of consumer decisions. The results of the first study suggest that provision of structure increases brand recall and decreases inhibitory effects of part-set

Prakash Nedungadi; Amitava Chattopadhyay; A. V Muthukrishnan

2001-01-01

336

Task Context and Organization in Free Recall  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Prior work on organization in free recall has focused on the ways in which semantic and temporal information determine the order in which material is retrieved from memory. Tulving's theory of ecphory suggests that these organizational effects arise from the interaction of a retrieval cue with the contents of memory. Using the…

Polyn, Sean M.; Norman, Kenneth A.; Kahana, Michael J.

2009-01-01

337

King Arthur Flour Voluntarily Recalls Flour  

NASA Website

February 22, 2013 - Norwich, Vt. – King Arthur Flour has initiated a voluntary recall of a limited number of its bags of flour due to the possible presence of small (7-9 mm) blue polyurethane balls that are used in the sifting process. The balls have ...

338

Working Memory and Binding in Sentence Recall  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A series of experiments explored whether chunking in short-term memory for verbal materials depends on attentionally limited executive processes. Secondary tasks were used to disrupt components of working memory and chunking was indexed by the sentence superiority effect, whereby immediate recall is better for sentences than word lists. To…

Baddeley, A. D.; Hitch, G. J.; Allen, R. J.

2009-01-01

339

On the recall of vestibular sensations.  

PubMed

Functional neuroimaging studies on the recall or imagination of a distinctive task in the motor network or of sensations in sensory systems (visual, acoustic, nociceptive, gustatory, and olfactory) demonstrated that the respective primary cortex is often involved in the mental imagery process. Our aim was to examine this phenomenon in the vestibular system using fMRI. Sixteen healthy subjects were asked to remember the feeling of a rotatory chair procedure in contrast to an identical situation at rest. Shortly afterwards they were asked to recall the vestibular experience in a 1.5-T scanner. The resulting activations were then compared with the responses of a galvanic vestibular control experiment and a rest condition. The vestibular recall showed significant bihemispheric activations in the inferior frontal gyri, the anterior operculum, the middle cingulate, the putamen, the globus pallidus, the premotor motor cortex, and the anterior insula. We found activations in regions known to play a role in spatial referencing, motor programs, and attention in the recall of vestibular sensations. But important known relay stations for the cortical processing of vestibular information showed neither relevant activations nor deactivations. PMID:22367249

zu Eulenburg, Peter; Müller-Forell, W; Dieterich, M

2012-02-25

340

Production deficiency in young children's clustered recall  

Microsoft Academic Search

Children in kindergarten and Grades 1, 3, and 5 (N = 160) were isolated for 2-min study periods, during which they were free to manipulate pictures of categorized objects (animals, furniture, etc.) which were later to be recalled. The 3 younger groups showed a production deficiency but no mediation deficiency in this task situation: (1) except when assisted to do

Barbara E. Moely; Frances A. Olson; Terry G. Halwes; John H. Flavell

1969-01-01

341

Memory and perfect recall in extensive games  

Microsoft Academic Search

The notion of perfect recall in extensive games was introduced by Kuhn [in: Contributions to the Theory of Games, Vol. 2, 1953, p. 193], who interpreted it as “equivalent to the assertion that each player is allowed by the rules of the game to remember everything he knew at previous moves and all of his choices at those moves.” We provide a

Giacomo Bonanno

2004-01-01

342

Free Recall of Differentially Arousing Words.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Subjects in an independent groups free learning experiment recalled list of low- or high-arousal words, matched for imagery and frequency and exposed randomly for 3 seconds and 9 seconds. Extrapolating neural consolidation theory to previous work on serial position effects led to the predictions that (1) arousal facilitates primacy; (2) arousal…

Osborne, John W.

343

Differential Interpolation Effects in Free Recall  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Attempts to determine whether a sufficiently demanding and difficult interpolated task (shadowing, i.e., repeating aloud) would decrease recall for earlier-presented items as well as for more recent items. Listening to music was included as a second interpolated task. Results support views that serial position effects reflect a single process.…

Petrusic, William M.; Jamieson, Donald G.

1978-01-01

344

Interpreting semantic clustering effects in free recall  

PubMed Central

The order in which participants choose to recall words from a studied list of randomly selected words provides insights into how memories of the words are represented, organized, and retrieved. One pervasive finding is that when a pair of semantically related words (e.g. “cat” and “dog”) is embedded in the studied list, the related words are often recalled successively. This tendency to successively recall semantically related words is termed semantic clustering (Bousfield and Sedgewick, 1944; Bousfield, 1953; Cofer et al., 1966). Measuring semantic clustering effects requires making assumptions about which words participants consider to be similar in meaning. However, it is often difficult to gain insights into individual participants’ internal semantic models, and for this reason researchers typically rely on standardized semantic similarity metrics. Here we use simulations to gain insights into the expected magnitudes of semantic clustering effects given systematic differences between participants’ internal similarity models and the similarity metric used to quantify the degree of semantic clustering. Our results provide a number of useful insights into the interpretation of semantic clustering effects in free recall.

Manning, Jeremy R.; Kahana, Michael J.

2012-01-01

345

Topic Structure Representation and Text Recall  

Microsoft Academic Search

It was hypothesized that readers represent a text's topics and their interrelations as they read, then use their representations to access information about each topic. In two experiments, college subjects were required to read and free recall an expository text. Experiment 1 manipulated both the order of topics in the stimulus text and whether or not the introductory paragraph stated

Robert F. Lorch; Elizabeth Pugzles Lorch

1985-01-01

346

Patterns of Recall among Television News Viewers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Finds that the better- and the less-educated members of a telephone survey recalled nearly the same amount of details from television newscasts, supporting the "knowledge-leveler" model of television as an educational medium for the general population. (RL)|

Neuman, W. Russell

1976-01-01

347

Bilinguals' Recall and Recognition of Emotion Words  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract Recall of emotion words is superior to neutral words. Prior work reported in this journal (Anooshian & Hertel, 1994) found that this effect was absent in a second language. Words in a second language may thus lack the emotional associations of words acquired in childhood. To determine whether memory,probes may be generally useful for assessing emotionality effects in a

Catherine L. Harris; L. Harris

348

Big Blue Fisheries, Llc Recalls All Smoked Products From All ...  

Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition (CFSAN)

... Big Blue Fisheries initiated a voluntary recall after Alaska Department of Environmental Conservation (ADEC) conducted a routine inspection and ... More results from www.fda.gov/food/recallsoutbreaksemergencies/recalls

349

Questions and Answers on the Ranbaxy Atorvastatin Recall  

Center for Drug Evaluation (CDER)

... Questions and Answers on the Ranbaxy Atorvastatin Recall. En Español. ... Q: What is the risk to patients who have taken the recalled atorvastatin? ... More results from www.fda.gov/drugs/drugsafety

350

Medical Devices: FDA Should Enhance Its Oversight of Recalls.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Recalls are an important tool to mitigate serious health consequences associated with defective or unsafe medical devices. Typically, a recall is voluntarily initiated by the firm that manufactured the device. The Food and Drug Administration (FDA), an ag...

2011-01-01

351

Recall: Haemonetics List No. 620 PCS2 Plasma Harness Set ...  

Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research (CBER)

... Recall: Haemonetics List No. 620 PCS2 Plasma Harness Set, Haemonetics Corporation. ... List No. 620 PCS2 Plasma Harness Set. ... More results from www.fda.gov/biologicsbloodvaccines/safetyavailability/recalls

352

Reser's Fine Foods, Inc. Voluntarily Expands Recall of ...  

Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition (CFSAN)

Reser's Fine Foods of Beaverton, Oregon is voluntarily expanding its October 22, 2013 recall of refrigerated ready-to-eat products because they may ... More results from www.fda.gov/food/recallsoutbreaksemergencies/recalls

353

Urgent Medical Device Recall / Field Safety Notice - Micro ...  

Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research (CBER)

... Urgent Medical Device Recall / Field Safety Notice - Micro SSP DNA Typing Trays. ... Micro SSP™ DNA Typing Trays. Affected Product Details. ... More results from www.fda.gov/biologicsbloodvaccines/safetyavailability/recalls

354

Recall of NucliSens Automated Isolation Reagents for Use ...  

Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research (CBER)

... Samples isolated with the recalled product are further tested with an assay, such as the NucliSens HIV QT quantitative viral load assay. ... More results from www.fda.gov/biologicsbloodvaccines/safetyavailability/recalls

355

21 CFR 7.55 - Termination of a recall.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...recall. 7.55 Section 7.55 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT...Guidance on Policy, Procedures, and Industry Responsibilities § 7.55 ...recall will be terminated when the Food and Drug...

2013-04-01

356

La Preferida, Inc. Issues A Voluntary Recall Of La Preferida ...  

Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition (CFSAN)

... La Preferida, Inc. Issues A Voluntary Recall Of La Preferida Whole Pinto Beans 29 OZ. (Water & Salt). Contact ... oz. (Water & Salt). ... More results from www.fda.gov/food/recallsoutbreaksemergencies/recalls

357

Sunny Pine Farms Recalls Chevre Cheese Because of ...  

Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition (CFSAN)

... FDA does not endorse either the product or the company. Sunny Pine Farms Recalls Chevre Cheese Because of Possible Health Risk. ... More results from www.fda.gov/food/recallsoutbreaksemergencies/recalls

358

Maple View Farm Recalls Three Flavors of Ice Cream ...  

Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition (CFSAN)

... FDA is not responsible for the content of these notices. Maple View Farm Recalls Three Flavors of Ice Cream Because of Undeclared Allergens. ... More results from www.fda.gov/food/recallsoutbreaksemergencies/recalls

359

Krinos Foods, LLC. Voluntarily Recalls Tahini Jars Because of ...  

Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition (CFSAN)

... jar is 0-75013-28510-2. The recalled lots have a code stamped on the lid between “EXP OCT 16 – 2014” up to and including “EXP MAR 15 – 2015 ... More results from www.fda.gov/food/recallsoutbreaksemergencies/recalls

360

Recall of Human Tissue Products-LifeCell Corp  

Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research (CBER)

... Recall of Human Tissue Products-LifeCell Corp. ... Life Cell promptly notified the FDA and all relevant hospitals and medical professionals. ... More results from www.fda.gov/biologicsbloodvaccines/safetyavailability/recalls

361

Safeway Recalls Several Varieties of Angel Food Cake Due to ...  

Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition (CFSAN)

Safeway is voluntarily recalling six (6) Angel Food Cake products because they contain the undeclared allergens soy and milk. ... More results from www.fda.gov/food/recallsoutbreaksemergencies/recalls

362

Garden-Fresh Foods, Inc. Voluntarily Recalls Limited ...  

Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition (CFSAN)

... is voluntarily recalling a limited number of packages of Archer Farms Smoked Salmon Dip that may contain undeclared allergens, fish and egg. ... More results from www.fda.gov/food/recallsoutbreaksemergencies/recalls

363

Recall of Sepacell PLS-5A Platelet Leukoreduction Filter with ...  

Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research (CBER)

... Recall of Sepacell PLS-5A Platelet Leukoreduction Filter with Administration Set, Platelet Bedside Filter-Baxter Healthcare Corp. ... More results from www.fda.gov/biologicsbloodvaccines/safetyavailability/recalls

364

Food For Life issues Recall - Allergy Alert - Undeclared ...  

Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition (CFSAN)

... Food For Life Baking Company of Corona, California is recalling 15,369 cases of Ezekiel 4:9 Sprouted Grain Cereal shipped between November 20 ... More results from www.fda.gov/food/recallsoutbreaksemergencies/recalls

365

LL Bakery, Inc. Announces the Recall of White Farm Enriched ...  

Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition (CFSAN)

of Torrance, CA is recalling all White Farm Enriched White Bread, Butter Farm Enriched White Bread, and Italian Cream Danish because product ... More results from www.fda.gov/food/recallsoutbreaksemergencies/recalls

366

Salmolux Recalls Cold Smoked Salmon Products Because Of ...  

Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition (CFSAN)

... Salmolux of Federal Way, WA is recalling its cold smoked salmon products ... fatal infections in young children, frail or elderly people, and others with ... More results from www.fda.gov/food/recallsoutbreaksemergencies/recalls

367

Oskri Recalls “Coconut Bar Dark Chocolate”, “Coconut Bar ...  

Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition (CFSAN)

... of Lake Mills, WI is recalling “Coconut Bar Dark Chocolate”, “Coconut Bar Dark Chocolate Minis”, “Fig Dark Chocolate Bars” and “Almond Dark ... More results from www.fda.gov/food/recallsoutbreaksemergencies/recalls

368

Bumble Bee Foods Issues Voluntary Recall On Specific ...  

Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition (CFSAN)

... Products subject to recall follow: Brunswick Brand 5oz Chunk Light Tuna in Water – 48 Count Case (Case UPC 6661332803). Can Label UPC. ... More results from www.fda.gov/food/recallsoutbreaksemergencies/recalls

369

Lisy Corporation Issues Voluntary Recall on Undeclared Soy ...  

Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition (CFSAN)

... Lisy Seasoned Meat Tenderizer – Sazonador De Carnes – 5 oz. ... The recall was initiated after it was discovered during a routine inspection that the ... More results from www.fda.gov/food/recallsoutbreaksemergencies/recalls

370

Orange County Produce, LLC Recalls Bell Peppers Due to ...  

Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition (CFSAN)

... FDA does not endorse either the product or the company. Orange County Produce, LLC Recalls Bell Peppers Due to Possible Health Risk. ... More results from www.fda.gov/food/recallsoutbreaksemergencies/recalls

371

Validation Studies of the Seven Day Physical Activity Recall (PAR)  

Cancer.gov

Validation Studies of the Seven Day Physical Activity Recall (PAR) Wilkinson et al. 2004 See reference #111 Methods 7-day physical activity recall (PAR), including alternative PAR scoring algorithms compared to pedometer readings (3 days step counts).

372

Price Chopper Voluntarily Recalls 3 Varieties of Burst Brand ...  

Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition (CFSAN)

... Price Chopper initiated its SoundBite recall notification procedure, which uses purchase data and consumer phone numbers on file in connection ... More results from www.fda.gov/food/recallsoutbreaksemergencies/recalls

373

Effect of within-category spacing on free recall  

Microsoft Academic Search

Analyzed the effects of within-category spacing (wcs) on free recall of categorized lists in 2 experiments with a total of 98 undergraduates. Wcs was varied from 0-13 for uncued and category-cued recall tasks in unmixed- and mixed-list designs. Contrary to previous results, it was found that total recall was a function of 2 independent factors: (a) recall of category names

Marilyn A. Borges; George Mangler

1972-01-01

374

Natural Language Processing of Spoken Diet Records (SDRs)  

PubMed Central

Dietary assessment is a fundamental aspect of nutritional evaluation that is essential for management of obesity as well as for assessing dietary impact on chronic diseases. Various methods have been used for dietary assessment including written records, 24-hour recalls, and food frequency questionnaires. The use of mobile phones to provide real-time dietary records provides potential advantages for accessibility, ease of use and automated documentation. However, understanding even a perfect transcript of spoken dietary records (SDRs) is challenging for people. This work presents a first step towards automatic analysis of SDRs. Our approach consists of four steps – identification of food items, identification of food quantifiers, classification of food quantifiers and temporal annotation. Our method enables automatic extraction of dietary information from SDRs, which in turn allows automated mapping to a readily available dietary database. Our model has an accuracy of 90%. This work demonstrates the feasibility of automatically processing SDRs.

Lacson, Ronilda; Long, William

2006-01-01

375

Consumer confidence in Food Safety and the 2010 egg recall  

Microsoft Academic Search

Iowa egg producers recalled nearly 500 million eggs in August 2010. The typical effect of a recall is to cause a decline in the demand for the affected product, yielding a decrease in the price. In the case of August 2010 egg recall, the price of eggs increased in the following weeks. This essay investigates the market effects of the

Sebastien Pouliot

2012-01-01

376

Effect of Within-Category Spacing on Free Recall  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Contrary to previous experiments which found recall with blocked spacing always superior to recall with random" spacings, these experiments found that total recall was a function of two independent factors: (a) category representation, and (b) items per category represented (IPC). Both factors are dependent upon within-category spacing.…

Borges, Marilyn A.; Mandler, George

1972-01-01

377

Audio-Visual Redundancy and TV News Recall  

Microsoft Academic Search

This experimental study examines the effects of audio and visual redundancy on recall and story understanding in television news. College students viewed a series of voice-over news stories that varied in the amount of redundancy between the two channels and then responded to both auditory and visual recall measures. The results show higher auditory recall and story understanding in the

DAN G. DREW; THOMAS GRIMES

1987-01-01

378

Congruity and Elaboration in Free and Cued Recall  

Microsoft Academic Search

Two experiments are presented that examine the effects of congruity and elaboration on free and cued recall. The experiments involved orienting tasks in incidental memory paradigms. Experiment 1, in which the orienting task was subject paced, demonstrated that sentence frame-target congruity and sentence-frame complexity facilitated cued recall but had no consistent effects in free recall. In Experiment 2, which was

Donald M. Hall; Mary Fulcher Geis

1980-01-01

379

Source Recall Enhances Children's Discrimination of Seen and Heard Events  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The effects of rehearsing actions by source (slideshow vs. story) and of test modality (picture vs. verbal) on source monitoring were examined. Seven- to 8-year-old children (N = 30) saw a slideshow event and heard a story about a similar event. One to 2 days later, they recalled the events by source (source recall), recalled the events without…

Thierry, Karen L.; Goh, Chee Leong; Pipe, Margaret-Ellen; Murray, Janice

2005-01-01

380

Capacity Differences Reflected in the Recall Performance of Adults.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Recent theories in cognitive psychology have emphasized the role of capacity requirements in encoding tasks. To examine the notion that age-related differences in the recall performance reflect differences in cognitive capacity, 80 adults (40 undergraduates, and 40 senior citizens) recalled newspaper advertisements under free recall and cued…

Attig, Mary S.

381

Effort, Interest, and Recall: Beliefs and Behaviors of Preschoolers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Sixty preschoolers participated in two experimental sessions designed to measure their beliefs about the relations between effort, interest, and recall as well as their actual effort deployment and recall under different interest levels. In Session 1, children made paired-comparison judgments about the individual and combined effects of high versus low effort and high versus low interest on recall. In Session

Julia T. O'sullivan

1997-01-01

382

Free recall of verbal and non-verbal stimuli  

Microsoft Academic Search

In two experiments, 40 and 72 male subjects viewed 24 items, half as words and half as drawings. In Experiment I, all subjects were given a learning set; free recall was tested immediately after stimulus presentation and 30 min. later. In Experiment II, half the subjects were set; recall was tested immediately and\\/or 1 day later. Picture recall was superior

Jeffrey R. Sampson

1970-01-01

383

Another look at paced versus unpaced recall in free learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

Compared paced and unpaced recall under conditions equated for total recall time (2 or 5 sec\\/item) and response mode (written or spoken) with a total of 128 undergraduates as Ss. Better performance was obtained with the longer recall period and with spoken responses. With a common response mode and equal time, a small but significant superiority of unpaced over paced

John C. McCullers; John Haller

1972-01-01

384

Total Recall: In-place Display of Captured Whiteboard Annotations  

Microsoft Academic Search

We present Total Recall, a system that allows in-place recall of captured whiteboard annotations. The capture is based on a commercial system. However, instead of displaying the annotations on a separate computer, Total Recall shows the annotations at the place on the board where they actually were made. To achieve this, the user holds up a hand-held computer to the

Lars Erik Holmquist; Johan Sanneblad; Lalya Gaye

385

Posthypnotic Amnesia: Evaluation of Selective Recall of Successful Experiences  

Microsoft Academic Search

Following suggestions of posthypnotic amnesia, Ss who are unresponsive to hypnosis tend to recall those suggestions that they passed rather than the ones that they failed; similar trends in hypnotizable Ss have been equivocal (Hilgard & Hommel, 1961; O'Connell, 1966). Modifications on the present selective recall index were developed to take into account the differences in the total recall pools

Helen M. Pettinati; Frederick J. Evans

1978-01-01

386

Product Recalls, Imperfect Information, and Spillover Effects: Lessons from the Consumer Response to the 2007 Toy Recalls  

Microsoft Academic Search

In 2007, the Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC) issued 276 recalls of toys and other children's products, a sizeable increase from previous years. The overwhelming majority of the 2007 toy recalls were due to high levels of lead content and almost all of these toys were manufactured in China. This period of recalls was characterized by substantial media attention to

Seth M. Freedman; Melissa Schettini Kearney; Mara Lederman

2009-01-01

387

Activity recall in a visual cortical ensemble.  

PubMed

Cue-triggered recall of learned temporal sequences is an important cognitive function that has been attributed to higher brain areas. Here recordings in both anesthetized and awake rats demonstrate that after repeated stimulation with a moving spot that evoked sequential firing of an ensemble of primary visual cortex (V1) neurons, just a brief flash at the starting point of the motion path was sufficient to evoke a sequential firing pattern that reproduced the activation order evoked by the moving spot. The speed of recalled spike sequences may reflect the internal dynamics of the network rather than the motion speed. In awake rats, such recall was observed during a synchronized ('quiet wakeful') brain state having large-amplitude, low-frequency local field potential (LFP) but not in a desynchronized ('active') state having low-amplitude, high-frequency LFP. Such conditioning-enhanced, cue-evoked sequential spiking of a V1 ensemble may contribute to experience-based perceptual inference in a brain state-dependent manner. PMID:22267160

Xu, Shengjin; Jiang, Wanchen; Poo, Mu-Ming; Dan, Yang

2012-01-22

388

The role of phantom recollection in false recall.  

PubMed

Although high levels of phantom recollection (illusory vivid experience of the prior "presentation" of unpresented items) have been found for false recognition, little is known about phantom recollection in recall. We examined this issue with Deese/Roediger-McDermott lists using two paradigms: repeated recall and conjoint recall. High levels of phantom recollection were observed with both standard behavioral measures and the parameters of fuzzy-trace theory's dual-recall model. In addition, phantom recollection and the true recollection that accompanies presented items appear to involve different retrieval processes, because they were dissociated by manipulations such as number of recall tests and list strength. PMID:22371165

Marche, Tammy A; Brainerd, C J

2012-08-01

389

Feasibility of a SenseCam-assisted 24-h recall to reduce under-reporting of energy intake.  

PubMed

Background/Objectives:The SenseCam is a camera worn on a lanyard around the neck that automatically captures point-of-view images in response to movement, heat and light (every 20-30?s). This device may enhance the accuracy of self-reported dietary intake by assisting participants' recall of food and beverage consumption. It was the objective of this study to evaluate if the wearable camera, SenseCam, can enhance the 24-h dietary recall by providing visual prompts to improve recall of food and beverage consumption.Subject/Methods:Thirteen volunteer adults in Oxford, United Kingdom, were recruited. Participants wore the SenseCam for 2 days while continuing their usual daily activities. On day 3, participants' diets were assessed using an interviewer-administered 24-h recall. SenseCam images were then shown to the participants and any additional dietary information that participants provided after viewing the images was recorded. Energy and macronutrient intakes were compared between the 24-h recall and 24-h recall+SenseCam.Results:Data from 10 participants were included in the final analysis (8 males and 2 females), mean age 33±11 years, mean BMI 25.9±5.1?kg/m(2). Viewing the SenseCam images increased self-reported energy intake by approximately 1432±1564?kJ or 12.5% compared with the 24-h recall alone (P=0.02). The increase was predominantly due to reporting of 41 additional foods (241 vs 282 total foods) across a range of food groups. Eight changes in portion size were made, which resulted in a negligible change to energy intake.Conclusions:Wearable cameras are promising method to enhance the accuracy of self-reported dietary assessment methods. PMID:24002044

Gemming, L; Doherty, A; Kelly, P; Utter, J; Ni Mhurchu, C

2013-09-04

390

21 CFR 107.230 - Elements of an infant formula recall.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Elements of an infant formula recall. 107...Infant Formula Recalls § 107.230 Elements of an infant formula recall. A recalling...infant formula recall with the following elements: (a) The recalling...

2013-04-01

391

Nestlé Purina Voluntarily Recalls Single Lot of Therapeutic Canned Cat Food Due to A Low Level of Thiamine (Vitamin B1)  

NASA Website

Nestlé Purina PetCare (NPP) is voluntarily recalling one specific lot of its Purina Veterinary Diets® OM Overweight Management canned cat food, available through veterinarians in the U.S. and Canada. This precautionary measure is being taken in ...

392

Mediterranean diet  

MedlinePLUS

The Mediterranean-style diet has fewer meats and carbohydrates and more plant-based foods and monounsaturated (good) fat than ... in Italy, Spain, and other countries in the Mediterranean region have eaten this way for centuries. Following ...

393

Gender differences in social desirability and social approval bias in dietary self-report  

Microsoft Academic Search

Social desirability (the tendency to respond in such a way as to avoid criticism) and social approval (the tendency to seek praise) are two prominent response set biases evident in answers on structured questionnaires. These biases were tested by comparing nutrient intakes as estimated from a single 24-hour diet recall interview (24 HR) and a 7-day dietary recall (7DDR). Data

James R. Hebert; Yunsheng Ma; Lynn Clemow; Ira S. Ockene; Gordon Saperia; Edward J. Stanek III; Philip A. Merriam; Judith K. Ockene

1998-01-01

394

Food Recalls and Food Safety Perceptions: The September 2006 Spinach Recall Case  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines public perceptions on food safety particularly relating to spinach, which was subject of countrywide recall in 2006. Results indicate that food safety perceptions may be driven by public trust\\/confidence in institutions whose activities may be directly or indirectly related to food safety. The results further suggest that food safety perceptions may also be related to the type

Benjamin M. Onyango; Dragan Miljkovic; William K. Hallman; William E. Nganje; Sarah C. Condry; Cara L. Cuite

2007-01-01

395

Age effects in earwitness recall of a novel conversation.  

PubMed

Recall of conversation is an important part of memory for events. Previous studies have focused predominantly on adults. In the present study, 195 participants ages 11 to 63 years listened to a novel audiotaped conversation. They were not informed they would later have to recall elements of this conversation. Recall was a week later. There were no age-related differences in the recall of children ages 11, 13, and 15; however, there was a difference between retention over 7 days of children and adults, with adults recalling more information correctly. No sex differences were observed. These results are evaluated in the context of research on eye- and ear-witness recall and suggestions for research are given. PMID:16060441

Ling, Jonathan; Coombe, Allison

2005-06-01

396

Previous Weight Loss Experiences of Bariatric Surgery Candidates: How Much Have Patients Dieted prior to Surgery?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: To describe the dieting histories of bariatric surgery candidates.Research Methods and Procedures: One hundred seventy-seven individuals with extreme obesity who sought bariatric surgery completed the Weight and Lifestyle Inventory, a self-report instrument that assesses several variables, including weight and dieting history. Patients’ dieting histories were further explored with an aided recall during a preoperative behavioral\\/psychological evaluation performed by a

Lauren M. Gibbons; David B. Sarwer; Canice E. Crerand; Anthony N. Fabricatore; Robert H. Kuehnel; Patti E. Lipschutz; Steven E. Raper; Noel N. Williams; Thomas A. Wadden

2006-01-01

397

Temporal Associations and Prior-List Intrusions in Free Recall  

Microsoft Academic Search

When asked to recall the words from a just-presented target list, subjects occasionally recall words that were not on the list. These intrusions either appeared on earlier lists (prior-list intrusions, or PLIs) or had not appeared over the course of the experiment (extra-list intrusions). The authors examined the factors that elicit PLIs in free recall. A reanalysis of earlier studies

Franklin M. Zaromb; Marc W. Howard; Emily D. Dolan; Yevgeniy B. Sirotin; Michele Tully; Arthur Wingfield; Michael J. Kahana

2006-01-01

398

The effects of social pressure on group recall  

Microsoft Academic Search

In two experiments, individual subjects worked in conjunction with two perceived group members to recall six 30-item categorized\\u000a word lists. The perceived group members’ recall levels were manipulated to establish either high or low group standards. After\\u000a participating in the perceived group, subjects completed a surprise final individual recall test that covered all of the presented\\u000a material. On the basis

Matthew B. Reysen

2003-01-01

399

Evidence for time-based models of free recall  

Microsoft Academic Search

Is memory temporally organized? According to temporal distinctiveness models of memory, temporally isolated items should be\\u000a better remembered than temporally crowded items in free recall tasks. Here, we tested this class of model by varying the temporal\\u000a isolation of items either predictably (Experiment 1) or unpredictably (Experiment 2) in a free recall task. In both experiments,\\u000a item recall probability increased

Gordon D. A. Brown; Caroline Morin; Stephan Lewandowsky

2006-01-01

400

Temporal isolation effects in recognition and serial recall  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent temporal distinctiveness models of memory predict that temporally isolated items will be recalled better than temporally\\u000a crowded items. The effect has been found in some tasks (free recall, memory for serial order when report order is unconstrained,\\u000a running memory span) but not in others (forward serial recall). Such results suggest that the attentional weighting given\\u000a to a temporal dimension

Caroline Morin; Gordon D. A. Brown; Stephan Lewandowsky

2010-01-01

401

Recall of Bean, String Green Allergenic Extract-Alk Abello  

Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research (CBER)

... MANUFACTURER: Alk Abello Port Washington, New York. ... Office of Communication, Outreach and Development. Food and Drug Administration. ... More results from www.fda.gov/biologicsbloodvaccines/safetyavailability/recalls

402

Radiation Recall Reaction Induced by Adjuvant Trastuzumab (Herceptin)  

PubMed Central

Although concerns of radiation sensitization have been raised with concurrent trastuzumab (Herceptin) administration, there has been no published case of radiation recall reaction associated with trastuzumab. This case describes a clinical presentation consistent with a radiation recall reaction following administration of adjuvant trastuzumab after neoadjuvant FEC-D chemotherapy and locoregional radiotherapy for HER2-positive, locally advanced breast cancer in a premenopausal woman. Although the mechanism and etiology of radiation recall dermatitis remain unclear, this case raises further hypotheses regarding a possible drug dose-dependence and possible predisposing risk factor for the development of radiation recall reactions.

Chung, Caroline; Stuart, David; Keyes, Mira

2009-01-01

403

Product Recall of Kroger's Break 'n Bake Chocolate Chip ...  

Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition (CFSAN)

... Nevada, New Mexico, North Carolina, Ohio, Oregon, South Carolina, Tennessee, Utah, Virginia, Washington, West Virginia and Wyoming. ... More results from www.fda.gov/food/recallsoutbreaksemergencies/recalls

404

McNeil Healthcare and Johnson and Johnson Merck Recalls  

Center for Drug Evaluation (CDER)

... the packaging process. Recall initiated 8/2010. Blacksmith Brands, Inc., Tarrytown, NY. Manufacturer: McNeil Consumer ... More results from www.fda.gov/drugs/drugsafety/postmarketdrugsafetyinformationforpatientsandproviders

405

Best Value, Inc., Recalls PRAN Bran Turmeric Powder Due to ...  

Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition (CFSAN)

... including delayed mental and physical development and learning deficiencies. Pregnant women, infants and young children especially should ... More results from www.fda.gov/food/recallsoutbreaksemergencies/recalls

406

Errors in Recall of Age at First Sex  

PubMed Central

Aims To measure the degree and direction of errors in recall of age at first sex. Method Participants were initially recruited in 1994–1995 (Wave I) with 3 subsequent follow-ups in: 1996 (Wave II); 2001– 2002 (Wave III); and 2007–2008 (Wave IV). Participants' individual errors in recall of their age at first sex at Wave IV were estimated by the paired difference between responses given for age at first sex in Wave I and Wave IV (recalled age at first sex obtained at Wave IV minus the age at first sex obtained at Wave I). Results The mean of the recall-estimation of age at first sex at Wave IV was found to be slightly increased comparing to the age at first sex at Wave I (less than 1 year). The errors in the recalled age at first sex tended to increase in participants who had their first sex younger or older than the average, and the recalled age at first sex tended to bias towards the mean (i.e. participants who had first sex younger than the average were more likely to recall an age at first sex that was older than the age, and vice versa). Conclusions In this U.S. population-based sample, the average recall error for age at first sex was small. However, the accuracy of recalled information varied significantly among subgroup populations.

Liang, Wenbin; Chikritzhs, Tanya

2013-01-01

407

Whole Foods Market Recalls Sour Cherry and Blueberry ...  

Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition (CFSAN)

... Monterey; Napa; Noe Valley; Novato. Ocean (San Francisco); Palo Alto; Petaluma; Potrero Hill (San Francisco); Redwood City; ... More results from www.fda.gov/food/recallsoutbreaksemergencies/recalls

408

Recall Latencies, Confidence, and Output Positions of True and False Memories: Implications for Recall and Metamemory Theories  

PubMed Central

Recall latency, recall accuracy rate, and recall confidence were examined in free recall as a function of recall output serial position using a modified Deese-Roediger-McDermott paradigm to test a strength-based theory against the dual-retrieval process theory of recall output sequence. The strength theory predicts the item output sequence to be in the descending order of memory strength. The dual-retrieval process theory postulates two phases in a free recall, a first direct access phase in which items are output verbatim in the weakest-to-strongest order (cognitive triage) and a second reconstructive phase in which reconstructed items are output in the strongest-to-weakest order. In three experiments, all three indicators of memory strength (latency, accuracy, and confidence) consistently showed a descending-strength order of recall both for true and false memories. Additionally, false memory was found to be output in two phases and subjects’ confidence judgment of their own memory to be unaccountable by retrieval fluency (recall latency).

Jou, Jerwen

2012-01-01

409

Nutrient adequacy and Mediterranean Diet in Spanish school children and adolescents  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: To evaluate dietary habits and nutritional status of Spanish school children and adolescents, and their relationship with the Mediterranean Diet.Design: Cross-sectional study by face-to-face interview.Setting: Free living children and adolescents of all Spanish regions.Subjects: A random sample of 3166 people aged 6–24 y.Methods: Home interviews conducted by a team of 43 dietitians included 24-h recalls (a second 24-h recall

Ll Serra-Majem; L Ribas; A García; C Pérez-Rodrigo; J Aranceta

2003-01-01

410

Dino Diets  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this online interactive, learners match different dinosaurs to their food (plants or animals). Learners look for clues in the bodies, necks, teeth, and heads of the dinosaurs to make inferences about their diets. After making their selections, learners can read through short blurbs about each dinosaur, including information discovered by archaeologists and paleontologists.

Service, National P.

2013-05-15

411

Dream Recall and Its Relationship to Sleep, Perceived Stress, and Creativity Among Adolescents  

Microsoft Academic Search

PurposeTo explore associations between dream recall, gender, sleep, perceived stress, and creativity in a large sample of adolescents. In adults, women report a higher frequency of dream recall than men. Moreover, increased awakenings seem to increase dream recall, whereas low sleep quality is associated with low dream recall. In addition, there is some evidence that dream recall is associated with

Serge Brand; Johannes Beck; Nadeem Kalak; Markus Gerber; Roumen Kirov; Uwe Pühse; Martin Hatzinger; Edith Holsboer-Trachsler

2011-01-01

412

Recall, recognition, and confidence patterns in eyewitness testimony  

Microsoft Academic Search

SUMMARY The diversity of methods, contents and tests used in the study of eyewitness memory may have contributed to discrepancies in results in this field. In this experiment, using incidental or intentional learning, we examine the recall and recognition of actions and details concerning the central and peripheral information of a kidnapping. A similar pattern emerges in free recall, hits

Malen Migueles; Elvira Garcia-Bajos

1999-01-01

413

Demographics, psychographics, price searching and recall in retail shopping  

Microsoft Academic Search

Retailing environments have gone through physical changes and the Internet revolution which intensifies price search and comparison behaviour, however, what customer characteristics – demographics or psychographics – affect price searching and recall? Further, what changes the relationship between the price-searching tendency and price recall? This research develops a framework that integrates the views of the economics of information and psychosocial

Dungchun Tsai; Hsiao-Ching Lee

2009-01-01

414

Syntactic Complexity and the Recall of Semantic Information.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Three groups of 20 subjects received two exposures of a list of ten sentences followed by an immediate written recall test. The sentences varied in syntactic complexity from group to group, but the sentences for the three groups were similar in semantic content. The effect of sentence complexity upon recall performance was not found to be…

Rosenberg, Sheldon

415

Mood, Recall, and Selectivity Effects in Normal College Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

In three experiments we explored the relation between normal variation in depressed mood and memory in college students. Subjects read and subsequently recalled stories whose protagonists experienced good, bad, and neutral events. Contrary to predictions arising independently from capacity theory and from schema theory, the recall of depressed and nondepressed subjects did not differ in either overall level or in

Lynn Hasher; Karen C. Rose; Rose T. Zacks; Henrianne Sanft; Bonnie Doren

1985-01-01

416

Learning from Audiovisual Media: assessing students’ thoughts by stimulated recall  

Microsoft Academic Search

Stimulated recall is a method of evoking an individual's thoughts about a previous episode in his\\/her life. Used in research into audiovisual media it can provide a way of tapping students’ thoughts and reactions to educational material with the minimum of researcher bias. The paper describes a case study in the use of stimulated recall to evaluate a science education

D. McConnell

1985-01-01

417

Memory for Music: Effect of Melody on Recall of Text  

Microsoft Academic Search

The melody of a song, in some situations, can facilitate learning and recall. The experiments in this article demonstrate that text is better recalled when it is heard as a song rather than as speech, provided the music repeats so that it is easily learned. When Ss heard 3 verses of a text sung with the same melody, they had

Wanda T. Wallace

1994-01-01

418

Recall Expanded for Frozen Oysters Imported from Korea  

Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition (CFSAN)

... Consumers who are uncertain whether product they may have in home freezers is part of the recall should contact the place of purchase to obtain ... More results from www.fda.gov/food/recalls,%20outbreaks%20&%20emergencies/outbreaks

419

The effect of one experience upon the recall of another  

Microsoft Academic Search

An exploratory experiment was made to show how one experience may exert an influence upon the recall of another, and how both may lose their separate identities in memory, to become merged into what Bartlett has described as an active organization of related experiences. The original material was a story, and the experience interpolated between it and its recall was

D. Russell Davis; Durganand Sinha

1950-01-01

420

Recency and the Modality Effect in Immediate Ordered Recall  

Microsoft Academic Search

In immediate ordered recall, recency is the improved recall of the last item of a presentation, and the modality effect is the advantage for an acoustic presentation over a subvocalized visual presentation, primarily occurring at the last serial position. Experiment I tested grouped presentations. There was a modality effect for the first item of the last group, even though that

Robert W. Frick

1989-01-01

421

Mixed-list phonological similarity effects in delayed serial recall  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent experiments have shown that placing dissimilar items on lists of phonologically similar items enhances accuracy of ordered recall of the dissimilar items [Farrell, S., & Lewandowsky, S. (2003). Dissimilar items benefit from phonological similarity in serial recall. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 29, 838–849.]. Two explanations have been offered for this effect: an encoding explanation, in

Simon Farrell

2006-01-01

422

Children's collaborative recall of shared and unshared information.  

PubMed

This study examined age differences in collaborative inhibition and the role of inter-subjectivity, collective information sampling (CIS) and collaborative inhibition for the collaborative recall of shared and unshared information in groups of 7- and 9-year-old children. Three-hundred and thirteen 7- and 9-year-old children recalled memorized wordlists either in real or nominal groups of three. All group members either recalled the same items, or each group member was given some unique items. Nine-year-olds, but not 7-year-olds, recalled significantly more items in nominal than real groups, a phenomenon called collaborative inhibition. Groups whose interactions were characterized by higher numbers of inter-subjective exchanges recalled fewer words than groups low in inter-subjectivity. In both age groups, a higher proportion of shared compared with unshared information was recalled consistent with processes of CIS. However, 7-year-olds recalled more unshared items than predicted, suggesting that collaborative inhibition additionally contributes to the recall of shared and unshared items. PMID:23901844

Gummerum, Michaela; Leman, Patrick J; Hollins, Tara S

2012-11-30

423

Testing for associative storage in multitrial free recall  

Microsoft Academic Search

Exp. I had 3 alternate training and test trials of written free recall of 30 words presented in fixed order. On the 3rd test trial, the random condition had 16 of these words on the recall sheet in random prder. The serial condition had the same words listed in order of presentation, with Xs indicating the missing critical items. Controls

Norman J. Slamecka

1969-01-01

424

Dissimilar Items Benefit From Phonological Similarity in Serial Recall  

Microsoft Academic Search

In short-term serial recall, similar sounding items are remembered less well than items that do not sound alike. This phonological similarity effect has been observed with lists composed only of similar items, and also with lists that mix together similar and dissimilar items. An additional consistent finding has been what the authors call dissimilar immunity, the finding that ordered recall

Simon Farrell; Stephan Lewandowsky

2003-01-01

425

Total recall: in-place viewing of captured whiteboard annotations  

Microsoft Academic Search

Total Recall introduces a new way to view captured whiteboard annotations. To digitize drawings we used a modified commercial system. However, instead of displaying the annotations on a separate computer screen, Total Recall shows the annotations at the place on the board where they were actually made. The user holds a hand-held computer to the board and moves it to

Lars Erik Holmquist; Johan Sanneblad; Lalya Gaye

2003-01-01

426

Nestlé USA Announces Voluntary Recall of NESQUIK' Chocolate Powder  

NASA Website

Nestlé USA announced the voluntary recall of limited quantities of Nestlé NESQUIK® Chocolate Powder in the 10.9, 21.8 and 40.7 ounce canisters. The voluntary recall is limited to only NESQUIK Chocolate Powder, which was distributed nationally. No ...

427

Ease of Recall vs Recalled Evidence in Judgment: Experts vs Laymen.  

PubMed

When major reasons of fault are presented in a pruned format, people fail to transfer the proportions of the omitted categories to the "all-other-problems" category. The present research investigated the underlying judgmental processes and the effect of domain knowledge on this phenomenon, known as pruning bias. In Experiment 1, although people with higher levels of domain knowledge failed to adjust completely for omission from the fault tree, they were more accurate and less biased than people with lower levels of domain knowledge. In Experiment 2, two hypothe ses are contrasted: The first, the availability explanation, sug gests that the underestimation of the "all-other-problems" category stems from its label being a less effective retrieval cue for specific fault reasons than the labels of major categories. The second hypothesis suggests that people judge by perceived ease of recall. The results suggest that people generating less failure reasons provide higher proportions to the "all-other-problems" category than people generating more reasons. The latter generation condition was perceived to be more difficult, signaling to people that the "all-other-problems" category is not so prevalent. The results of Experiments 3 and 4 indicate, as hypothesized, that the judgments of people with relatively low levels of domain knowledge are influenced by perceived ease of recall, whereas the judgments of people with higher levels of domain knowledge are influenced by recalled evidence. Copyright 2000 Academic Press. PMID:10631067

Ofir

2000-01-01

428

UPDATED - EXPANDED RECALL - Gretchen’s Shoebox Express Expands Voluntarily Recall of Protein Bistro Boxes Because of Possible Health Risk  

NASA Website

recall of Starbucks brand Protein Bistro Box to include enjoy by dates: 09/28/12 and dates 09/30/12 – 10/06/12. The Protein Bistro Box contains peanut butter with one of the lot codes recently added to the Justin’s recall which impacts peanut butter ...

429

Due to Sunland Peanut Butter Recall, AdvancePierre Foods Initiates Voluntary Recall of Select Frozen Peanut Butter Products  

NASA Website

With the FDA’s announcement of an expanded recall of Sunland Inc.’s peanut butter, AdvancePierre Foods of Cincinnati, OH, is initiating a voluntary recall of select frozen products including Peanut Butter and Jelly sandwiches, Peanut Butter and Jelly ...

430

[Osteoporosis diet].  

PubMed

Bone requires a wide variety of nutrients to develop normally and to maintain itself after growth. Most important--in the sense that bony abnormalities are associated with their deficiencies--are protein, calcium, phosphorus, vitamin D, C and K, zinc, manganese and copper. The nutrients most likely to be deficient in citizens of industrialized countries are calcium and vitamin D. In this review of the current literature about nutritional aspects of osteoporosis, we have focused on factors influencing calcium requirement: the principal interacting nutrients are sodium, protein, caffeine, fiber, oxalate, phytate, and the acid/alkaline ash character of the overall diet. Fiber and caffeine decrease calcium absorption from the gut and typically exert relatively minor effects, while sodium, protein and the acid/alkaline balance of the diet increase urinary excretion of calcium and are of much greater significance for the calcium homeostasis. Alkali buffers, whether vegetables or fruits reverse this urinary calcium loss. As long as accompanied by adequate calcium intake, protein-rich diet is not deleterious to bone: a calcium-to-protein ratio of 20:1 (mg calcium/g protein) is recommended. Whether a nutrition-based therapeutic approach to osteoporosis is feasible in the near future is yet unclear: at least there are some recent promising data from in-vitro as well as from rat studies showing that extracts taken from various vegetables, mainly from the onion family inhibit bone resorption in a dose-dependent manner. PMID:10756695

Morselli, B; Neuenschwander, B; Perrelet, R; Lippuner, K

2000-03-01

431

21 CFR 107.200 - Food and Drug Administration-required recall.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2010-04-01 false Food and Drug Administration-required recall. 107.200 Section 107...FORMULA Infant Formula Recalls § 107.200 Food and Drug Administration-required recall. When the Food and Drug...

2010-04-01

432

21 CFR 107.200 - Food and Drug Administration-required recall.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2009-04-01 false Food and Drug Administration-required recall. 107.200 Section 107...FORMULA Infant Formula Recalls § 107.200 Food and Drug Administration-required recall. When the Food and Drug...

2009-04-01

433

Voluntary Recall of One Lot of MMR® II (Measles, Mumps, and ...  

Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research (CBER)

... Voluntary Recall of One Lot of MMR® II (Measles, Mumps, and Rubella Virus Vaccine Live). Merck is voluntarily recalling ... More results from www.fda.gov/biologicsbloodvaccines/safetyavailability/recalls

434

Recall of Vironostika HIV-1 Microelisa System-bioMerieux, Inc.  

Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research (CBER)

... Recall of Vironostika HIV-1 Microelisa System-bioMerieux, Inc. DATE RECALL INITIATED: December 18, 2006. ... MANUFACTURER: bioMerieux, Inc. ... More results from www.fda.gov/biologicsbloodvaccines/safetyavailability/recalls

435

Recall of Blood-Pack Unit Whole Blood Filter, Fenwal Express ...  

Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research (CBER)

... Recall of Blood-Pack Unit Whole Blood Filter, Fenwal Express System. DATE RECALL INITIATED: February 29, 2012. PRODUCT / LOT NUMBER: ... More results from www.fda.gov/biologicsbloodvaccines/safetyavailability/recalls

436

Graphic Warning Labels in Cigarette Advertisements: Recall and Viewing Patterns  

PubMed Central

Background The Family Smoking Prevention and Control Act gave the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) legal authority to mandate graphic warning labels on cigarette advertising and packaging. The FDA requires that these graphic warning labels be embedded into cigarette advertising and packaging by September 2012. Purpose The aim of this study was to examine differences in recall and viewing patterns of text-only versus graphic cigarette warning labels; and, the association between viewing patterns and recall. Methods Participants (current daily smokers; N=200) were randomized to view a cigarette advertisement with either text-only or graphic warning labels. Viewing patterns were measured using eye-tracking, and recall was later assessed. Sessions were conducted between November 2008 and November 2009. Data analysis was conducted between March 2011 and July 2011. Results There was a significant difference in percentage correct recall of the warning label between those in the text-only versus graphic warning label condition, 50% versus 83% (?2 =23.74, p=0.0001). Time to first view of the graphic warning label text, and dwell time duration (i.e., time spent looking) on the graphic image were significantly associated with correct recall. Warning labels that drew attention more quickly and resulted in longer dwell times were associated with better recall. Conclusions Graphic warning labels improve smokers’ recall of warning and health risks; they do so by drawing and holding attention.

Strasser, Andrew A.; Tang, Kathy Z.; Romer, Daniel; Jepson, Chris; Cappella, Joseph N.

2012-01-01

437

Word recall correlates with sleep cycles in elderly subjects.  

PubMed

Morning recall of words presented before sleep was studied in relation to intervening night sleep measures in elderly subjects. Night sleep of 30 elderly subjects aged 61-75 years was recorded. Before sleep, subjects were presented with a list of paired non-related words and cued recall was asked immediately after the morning awakening. Recall positively correlated with average duration of NREM/REM cycles, and with the proportion of time spent in cycles (TCT) over total sleep time (TST). No significant correlations were found with other sleep or wake measures. These results suggest the importance of sleep structure for sleep-related memory processes in elderly adults. PMID:10476004

Mazzoni, G; Gori, S; Formicola, G; Gneri, C; Massetani, R; Murri, L; Salzarulo, P

1999-09-01

438

Compensating for identification errors in memory recall tasks.  

PubMed

A mathematical model for approximating the contributions of identification and recall errors on the ability to repeat a list of N items is developed. In memory recall tasks where the items are independent and unrelated to each other, the probability of correctly repeating a list of items can be approximated as the product of the probability of correctly recalling all the items and the probability of correctly identifying an isolated item raised to the power of N. This relationship suggests that unaccounted for reductions in identification performance can severely affect estimates of memory. PMID:23556694

Shub, Daniel E

2013-04-01

439

Multicenter feasibility study evaluating recruitment, variability in risk factors and biomarkers for a diet and cancer cohort in India  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background  India's population exhibits diverse dietary habits and chronic disease patterns. Nutritional epidemiologic studies in India\\u000a are primarily of cross-sectional or case-control design and subject to biases, including differential recall of past diet.\\u000a The aim of this feasibility study was to evaluate whether a diet-focused cohort study of cancer could be established in India,\\u000a providing insight into potentially unique diet and

Rashmi Sinha; Carrie R Daniel; Niveditha Devasenapathy; Hemali Shetty; Susan Yurgalevitch; Leah M Ferrucci; Preethi S George; Kerry Grace Morrissey; Lakshmy Ramakrishnan; Barry I Graubard; Kavita Kapur; K Srinath Reddy; Mary J McAdams; Tanuja Rastogi; Nilanjan Chatterjee; Prakash C Gupta; Sholom Wacholder; Dorairaj Prabhakaran; Aleyamma A Mathew

2011-01-01

440

Recall of Human Tissue-Biomedical Tissue Services, Ltd  

Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research (CBER)

... BTS) was recently made aware that there is the possibility that tissue has been procured from donors without proper medical/social histories. ... More results from www.fda.gov/biologicsbloodvaccines/safetyavailability/recalls

441

Recall of Additional Lot of Leukocyte Reduction BPF4 High ...  

Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research (CBER)

... MANUFACTURER: Pall Medical Corporation 2200 Northern Blvd East Hills, NY 11548. REASON: ... 1401 Rockville Pike. Suite 200N/HFM-47. ... More results from www.fda.gov/biologicsbloodvaccines/safetyavailability/recalls

442

Recall of FLUVIRIN (Influenza Virus Vaccine) 2010-2011 ...  

Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research (CBER)

... inventory of FLUVIRIN multidose vials; refrain from using this product and return any vials from this lot obtain replacement product free of charge. ... More results from www.fda.gov/biologicsbloodvaccines/safetyavailability/recalls

443

Recall of Rapid HIV Test Kits-Globus Media, Inc  

Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research (CBER)

... HIV Test Kits, marketed nationwide via the Internet, by Globus Media, were not reviewed for safety and effectiveness as required under US law. ... More results from www.fda.gov/biologicsbloodvaccines/safetyavailability/recalls

444

The disfluent discourse: Effects of filled pauses on recall  

PubMed Central

We investigated the mechanisms by which fillers, such as uh and um, affect memory for discourse. Participants listened to and attempted to recall recorded passages adapted from Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland. The type and location of interruptions were manipulated through digital splicing. In Experiment 1, we tested a processing time account of fillers’ effects. While fillers facilitated recall, coughs matched in duration to the fillers impaired recall, suggesting that fillers’ benefits cannot be attributed to adding processing time. In Experiment 2, fillers’ locations were manipulated based on norming data to be either predictive or non-predictive of upcoming material. Fillers facilitated recall in both cases, inconsistent with an account in which listeners predict upcoming material using past experience with the distribution of fillers. Instead, these results suggest an attentional orienting account in which fillers direct attention to the speech stream but do not always result in specific predictions about upcoming material.

Fraundorf, Scott H.; Watson, Duane G.

2011-01-01

445

Precautionary Recall Issued For Pre-Packaged Texas Gulf ...  

Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition (CFSAN)

... Contact Media Craig Urness (503) 905-4467. ... Medium Raw Wild Gulf Brown Shrimp, 51/60 Count Medium Raw Wild Gulf White Shrimp, 51/60 ... More results from www.fda.gov/food/recallsoutbreaksemergencies/recalls

446

Recall of Blood Component Infusion Set (Product Code ...  

Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research (CBER)

... Lake Zurich, Illinois. REASON: Fenwal identified a labeling issue with the ... The information in this listing reflects CBER's best efforts to communicate ... More results from www.fda.gov/biologicsbloodvaccines/safetyavailability/recalls

447

Recall of Human Tissue Products-Regeneration Technologies ...  

Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research (CBER)

... RTI informed its consignees that a lack of assurance of donor identity as well as the risk of infectious diseases also exists. ... More results from www.fda.gov/biologicsbloodvaccines/safetyavailability/recalls

448

Recall of Thymoglobulin [Anti-thymocyte Globulin (Rabbit)] ...  

Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research (CBER)

... Samples from lot C7014C01 have recently exceeded the slightly opalescent stability specification based upon visual examination of the ... More results from www.fda.gov/biologicsbloodvaccines/safetyavailability/recalls

449

Questions and Answers on the Abbott Infant Formula Recall  

Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition (CFSAN)

... these symptoms? A: If the symptoms persist for more than a few days, you should consult your health care provider. Q: What ... More results from www.fda.gov/food/recalls,%20outbreaks%20&%20emergencies/safetyalertsadvisories

450

Recall of Rabies Vaccine (Human Diploid Cell), Imovax ...  

Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research (CBER)

... Rabies Vaccine (Human Diploid Cell) that were distributed in the US This is a precautionary measure stemming from the discovery through routine ... More results from www.fda.gov/biologicsbloodvaccines/safetyavailability/recalls

451

Bumble Bee Foods Expands Voluntary Recall on Specific ...  

Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition (CFSAN)

... Bumble Bee Brand 5oz Chunk White Albacore in Water – 6 Count ... Bee Foods SVP of Technical Services and Corporate Quality Assurance Steve ... More results from www.fda.gov/food/recallsoutbreaksemergencies/recalls

452

Pure Herbs Ltd. Issues Allergy Recall Alert on Undeclared ...  

Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition (CFSAN)

... 243 and 050812, represent batch 101310 which was manufactured on October 13, 2010 and was distributed from February 2012 to February 2013. ... More results from www.fda.gov/food/recallsoutbreaksemergencies/recalls

453

Public Health Update: Recall of Heparin Sodium for Injection ...  

Center for Drug Evaluation (CDER)

... Public Health Update: Recall of Heparin Sodium for Injection (2/28/2008). The Food and Drug Administration is issuing ... More results from www.fda.gov/drugs/drugsafety/postmarketdrugsafetyinformationforpatientsandproviders

454

Garden Fresh Foods, Inc. Expanded Recalls on Specific ...  

Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition (CFSAN)

... involved as a service to consumers, the media ... Contact: Consumer: 1-800-645-3367 Media: Steve ... sometimes-fatal infections in young children, ... More results from www.fda.gov/food/recallsoutbreaksemergencies/recalls

455

Reser's Fine Foods, Inc. Recalls Refrigerated Ready-to-Eat ...  

Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition (CFSAN)

... FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE - October 22, 2013 - Reser's Fine Foods of ... 58108.30157, POTATO RED ROYALE CVF 2/8#, 20131010, 20, past ... More results from www.fda.gov/food/recallsoutbreaksemergencies/recalls

456

Little Mermaid Smoke House Recalls Smoked Herring and ...  

Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition (CFSAN)

... uneviscerated, and have the potential to be contaminated with Clostridium botulinum, a bacterium which can cause life-threatening illness or death. ... More results from www.fda.gov/food/recallsoutbreaksemergencies/recalls

457

Advanced Animal Nutrition Recalls Dog Power Dry Dog Food  

NASA Website

Advanced Animal Nutrition today announced a voluntary recall of its dry Dog Power Dog Food- due to aflatoxin levels that were detected above the acceptable limit. The affected products were manufactured between Jan. 4, 2011, and Nov. 18, 2011.

458

How can I tell if my eggs have been recalled?  

Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition (CFSAN)

... Q: How do I determine what eggs are affected by the recall? A: Dates and codes can be found stamped on the packaging. ... More results from www.fda.gov/food/recallsoutbreaksemergencies/safetyalertsadvisories

459

Publix Recalls Spinach Dip Due To Possible Health Risk  

NASA Website

Publix Super Markets is issuing a voluntary recall for spinach dip because it may be adulterated with Listeria monocytogenes. The problem was discovered as a result of routine microbial testing conducted by Publix.

460

Recall of Amicus Separator Apheresis Device-Baxter ...  

Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research (CBER)

... The firm plans to release a new software version that will return all excess plasma collected during reinfusion at a controlled rate determined by the ... More results from www.fda.gov/biologicsbloodvaccines/safetyavailability/recalls

461

21 CFR 7.50 - Public notification of recall.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...of recalls of certain drugs and devices where the agency determines that public notification may cause unnecessary and harmful anxiety in patients and that initial consultation between patients and their physicians is essential. The report will not include...

2013-04-01

462

21 CFR 7.46 - Firm-initiated recall.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...recall. 7.46 Section 7.46 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT...Guidance on Policy, Procedures, and Industry Responsibilities § 7.46 ...notify immediately the appropriate Food and Drug Administration...

2013-04-01

463

21 CFR 7.53 - Recall status reports.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...reports. 7.53 Section 7.53 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT...Guidance on Policy, Procedures, and Industry Responsibilities § 7.53 Recall...status reports to the appropriate Food and Drug Administration...

2013-04-01

464

Winn-Dixie Expands Recall to Include Spinach Antipasta ...  

Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition (CFSAN)

... BI-LO and Winn-Dixie are well-known and well-respected regional brands with deep heritages, strong neighborhood ties, proud histories of giving ... More results from www.fda.gov/food/recallsoutbreaksemergencies/recalls

465

Recall of Human Tissue Products-Tutogen Medical, Inc  

Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research (CBER)

... informed its consignees that there is a lack of assurance that appropriate donor identification, donor screening, and medical history data collection ... More results from www.fda.gov/biologicsbloodvaccines/safetyavailability/recalls

466

Del Bueno Recalls Cheese Because Of Possible Health Risk  

NASA Website

Del Bueno of Grandview, WA is recalling all size packages of Queso Fresco Fresh Cheese, Queso Panela Fresh Cheese, Requeson Mexican Style Ricotta Cheese, and Queso Enchilado Dry Cheese because they have the potential to be contaminated with Listeria ...

467

Smart & Final issues Recall - Allergy Alert Undeclared Wheat ...  

Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition (CFSAN)

... La Romanella Tri-Color Cheese Tortellini because it may contain undeclared wheat, eggs ... Page Last Updated: 05/10/2013 Note: If you need help ... More results from www.fda.gov/food/recallsoutbreaksemergencies/recalls

468

40 CFR 205.59 - Recall of noncomplying vehicles.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) NOISE ABATEMENT PROGRAMS TRANSPORTATION EQUIPMENT NOISE EMISSION CONTROLS Medium and Heavy Trucks § 205.59 Recall of noncomplying vehicles. (a) Pursuant to section 11(d)(1) of the...

2011-07-01

469

Recall of Tubing Sets used with COBE Spectra Apheresis ...  

Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research (CBER)

... platelet collect bags with the 12, 4 numeric identifiers. Prior to loading the set, identify the potentially affected secondary platelet collect bag. ... More results from www.fda.gov/biologicsbloodvaccines/safetyavailability/recalls

470

Urgent Device Recall - Bone Marrow Collection Bag (BMSC) ...  

Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research (CBER)

... A recent review of Fresenius Kabi's original submission documents for the above mentioned sets revealed that the application for their use in the ... More results from www.fda.gov/biologicsbloodvaccines/safetyavailability/recalls

471

Hagee Foods Inc. dba Penny's Salsa Inc. Recalls Hummus ...  

Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition (CFSAN)

... UPC Number, Product. 7 49404 83061 4, Penny's Garlic Hummus 12 oz (340 g). ... 7 49404 80212 3, Harbor Greens Garlic Hummus 8 oz (227g). ... More results from www.fda.gov/food/recallsoutbreaksemergencies/recalls

472

Firms Initiate Secondary Recall in Response to the Expansion ...  

Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition (CFSAN)

... All Island Food Distributors Corp, Broccoli Crunch Salad Kit (Sold at Deli Counter), 10/25/13, 11/01/13, TFMD, New York. All ... More results from www.fda.gov/food/recallsoutbreaksemergencies/recalls

473

OnTime Distribution Inc. Recalls PRAN brand Spice Powder ...  

Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition (CFSAN)

... lead. People concerned about blood lead levels should contact their physician or health clinic to ask about testing. PRAN ... More results from www.fda.gov/food/recallsoutbreaksemergencies/recalls

474

Decreased recall of primacy words predicts cognitive decline.  

PubMed

One of the cognitive changes associated with Alzheimer's disease is a diminution of the primacy effect, i.e., the tendency toward better recall of items studied early on a list compared with the rest. We examined whether learning and recall of primacy words predicted subsequent cognitive decline in 204 elderly subjects who were non-demented and cognitively intact when first examined. Our results show that poorer primacy performance in the Rey Auditory Verbal Learning Test delayed recall trials, but not in immediate recall trials, is an effective predictor of subsequent decline in general cognitive function. This pattern of performance can be interpreted as evidence that failure to consolidate primacy items is a marker of cognitive decline. PMID:23299182

Bruno, Davide; Reiss, Philip T; Petkova, Eva; Sidtis, John J; Pomara, Nunzio

2013-01-07

475

Square Mile Cider Company Announces Voluntary Recall of ...  

Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition (CFSAN)

... bottles of “Square Mile Spur & Vine Hopped Apple Cider” with the ... Company crafts hard cider varieties from Northwest grown apples in celebration ... More results from www.fda.gov/food/recallsoutbreaksemergencies/recalls

476

New Chapter, Inc. Issues Voluntary Recall Undeclared soy ...  

Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition (CFSAN)

... Contact Consumer: 1-800-543-7279 Media: Sue Harris 800-543-7279>. FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE – March 20, 2013 – New Chapter, Inc. ... More results from www.fda.gov/food/recallsoutbreaksemergencies/recalls

477

UPDATE-Salmolux Voluntarily Recalls Cold Smoked Salmon ...  

Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition (CFSAN)

... 4 oz, Sockeye Nova Lox, 10803, Jensen's Old Fashion Smokehouse, 6 33243 24684 5, ... AZ, CA, ID, MI, NV, NY, OH, TX, WA states through retail stores ... More results from www.fda.gov/food/recallsoutbreaksemergencies/recalls

478

40 CFR 205.59 - Recall of noncomplying vehicles.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) NOISE ABATEMENT PROGRAMS TRANSPORTATION EQUIPMENT NOISE EMISSION CONTROLS Medium and Heavy Trucks § 205.59 Recall of noncomplying vehicles. (a) Pursuant to section 11(d)(1) of the Act,...

2013-07-01

479

Tennessee and Maryland Firms Initiate Recall Based on ...  

Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition (CFSAN)

... 4/13, TFTN. Performance Food Group, Broccoli Crunch Kit (Sold at the Deli Counter), 11/3/2013, TFTN. Sysco, Broccoli Slaw ... More results from www.fda.gov/food/recallsoutbreaksemergencies/recalls