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1

Loudon Park Substation. Violetville, Baltimore City, MD. Sec. 1201, MP ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

Loudon Park Substation. Violetville, Baltimore City, MD. Sec. 1201, MP 100.50. - Northeast Railroad Corridor, Amtrak route between District of Columbia/Maryland state line & Maryland/Delaware state line, Baltimore, Independent City, MD

2

250 NORTH & MAIN STREET (PARK 83, SALT LAKE CITY ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

250 NORTH & MAIN STREET (PARK 8-3, SALT LAKE CITY CEMETERY LOCATER), SALT LAKE CITY, UT. VIEW LOOKING NORTH - REPHOTOGRAPH OF HISTORIC SHIPLER PHOTO # 18271, UTAH STATE HISTORICAL SOCIETY COLLECTION. - Salt Lake City Cemetery, 200 N Street, Salt Lake City, Salt Lake County, UT

3

15. City parking lot, and rear of the commercial buildings ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

15. City parking lot, and rear of the commercial buildings on the east side of State Street. - Lockport Historic District, Bounded by Eighth, Hamilton & Eleventh Streets & Illinois & Michigan Canal, Lockport, Will County, IL

4

Neighborhood Poverty, Park Use, and Park-Based Physical Activity in a Southern California City  

PubMed Central

A rich literature indicates that individuals of lower socio-economic status engage in less leisure time physical activity than individuals of higher socio-economic status. However, the source of the difference is believed to be, in part, due to differential access to resources that support physical activity. However, it has not been shown as to whether equal access to parks can mitigate differences in leisure time physical activity. Using systematic direct observation, we quantified physical activity in neighborhood parks in a large Southern California city located in areas with high, medium, and a low percentage of households in poverty. We documented how neighborhood parks are managed and programmed and also interviewed both a sample of park users and a random sample of households within a mile radius of the parks. We found that parks are used less in high-poverty areas compared to medium- and low-poverty area parks, even after accounting for differences in size, staffing, and programming. The strongest correlates of park use were the number of part time staff, the number of supervised and organized programs, and knowing the park staff. Perceptions of safety were not relevant to park use among those interviewed in the park, however it had a small relationship with reported frequency of park use among local residents. Among park users, time spent watching electronic media was negatively correlated with the frequency of visiting the park. Future research should test whether increasing park staffing and programming will lead to increased park use in high-poverty neighborhoods.

Cohen, Deborah; Han, Bing; Derose, Kathryn; Williamson, Stephanie; Marsh, Terry; Rudick, Jodi; McKenzie, Thomas L.

2013-01-01

5

The planning of modern logistics park in Jilin city  

Microsoft Academic Search

According to the recent study of international logistics, if urbanization level is up to 30%, this country's urbanization will come into high-speed development stage. It will directly drive the development of city logistics. In this case, the planning for logistics park has become more important. In our country, many cities are ready to or already make planning to construct logistics

Liu Xiaohui; Jing Qingquan; Fang Ling; Jin Chunjie; Zhao Xueyu

2011-01-01

6

PARK-IT! Elementary School Land Laboratories in Toledo City Parks. Curriculum Activity Guide, Grades K-1.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The project PARK-IT! represents a unique partnership between a public elementary school and a city park in which students and teachers utilize a small naturalized area of the park as a Land Laboratory, and in return become its stewards. The project also includes this curriculum activity guide which can assist teachers in using the Land Lab with…

DuFour, Marilyn Berry; Courter, Linda Kothera; Garvin, Dennis M.

7

PARK-IT! Elementary School Land Laboratories in Toledo City Parks. Curriculum Activity Guide, Grades 4-6.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The project PARK-IT! represents a unique partnership between a public elementary school and a city park in which students and teachers utilize a small naturalized area of the park as a Land Laboratory, and in return become its stewards. The project also includes this curriculum activity guide which can assist teachers in using the Land Lab with…

DuFour, Marilyn Berry; Courter, Linda Kothera; Garvin, Dennis M.

8

Digging the New York City Skyline: Soil Fungal Communities in Green Roofs and City Parks  

PubMed Central

In urban environments, green roofs provide a number of benefits, including decreased urban heat island effects and reduced energy costs for buildings. However, little research has been done on the non-plant biota associated with green roofs, which likely affect their functionality. For the current study, we evaluated whether or not green roofs planted with two native plant communities in New York City functioned as habitats for soil fungal communities, and compared fungal communities in green roof growing media to soil microbial composition in five city parks, including Central Park and the High Line. Ten replicate roofs were sampled one year after planting; three of these roofs were more intensively sampled and compared to nearby city parks. Using Illumina sequencing of the fungal ITS region we found that green roofs supported a diverse fungal community, with numerous taxa belonging to fungal groups capable of surviving in disturbed and polluted habitats. Across roofs, there was significant biogeographical clustering of fungal communities, indicating that community assembly of roof microbes across the greater New York City area is locally variable. Green roof fungal communities were compositionally distinct from city parks and only 54% of the green roof taxa were also found in the park soils. Phospholipid fatty acid analysis revealed that park soils had greater microbial biomass and higher bacterial to fungal ratios than green roof substrates. City park soils were also more enriched with heavy metals, had lower pH, and lower quantities of total bases (Ca, K, and Mg) compared to green roof substrates. While fungal communities were compositionally distinct across green roofs, they did not differentiate by plant community. Together, these results suggest that fungi living in the growing medium of green roofs may be an underestimated component of these biotic systems functioning to support some of the valued ecological services of green roofs.

McGuire, Krista L.; Payne, Sara G.; Palmer, Matthew I.; Gillikin, Caitlyn M.; Keefe, Dominique; Kim, Su Jin; Gedallovich, Seren M.; Discenza, Julia; Rangamannar, Ramya; Koshner, Jennifer A.; Massmann, Audrey L.; Orazi, Giulia; Essene, Adam; Leff, Jonathan W.; Fierer, Noah

2013-01-01

9

Great Zoom into Park City, UT  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Using data from different spacecraft and some powerful computer technology, visualizers at the Goddard Space Flight Center present you with a collection of American cities in a way you have never seen them before. Starting with our camera high above the Earth, we rush in towards the surface at what would be an impossible speed for any known vehicle. Passing though layers of atmosphere, the colors of our destinations shimmer with their own unique characteristics, and suddenly we find ourselves floating in virtual space just above the ground.

Shirah, Greg; Mitchell, Horace; Newcombe, Marte; Williams, Darrel

2002-02-08

10

Great Zoom out of Park City, UT  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Using data from different spacecraft and some powerful computer technology, visualizers at the Goddard Space Flight Center present you with a collection of American cities in a way you have never seen them before. Starting with our camera high above the Earth, we rush in towards the surface at what would be an impossible speed for any known vehicle. Passing though layers of atmosphere, the colors of our destinations shimmer with their own unique characteristics, and suddenly we find ourselves floating in virtual space just above the ground.

Shirah, Greg; Mitchell, Horace; Newcombe, Marte; Williams, Darrel

2002-02-08

11

Air temperature and humidity and human comfort index of some city parks of Mexico City  

Microsoft Academic Search

A series of air temperature (Ta) and relative humidity (HR) measurements were carried out in five urban parks and their surroundings in Mexico City. It was found thatTa is lower andRH is higher inside the parks. There were differences (Pe), vapour pressure deficit (VPD) and the thermohygrometric human comfort index (THI).Ta differences were more marked during the early afternoon. Maximum

Victor L. Barradas

1991-01-01

12

78 FR 49254 - Approval of Subzone Status; GE Transportation; Lawrence Park Township and Grove City, Pennsylvania  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Lawrence Park Township and Grove City, Pennsylvania On May 16, 2013...applications submitted by the Erie-Western Pennsylvania Port Authority...Lawrence Park Township and Grove City, Pennsylvania. The applications...Township and Subzone 247B in Grove City are approved, subject to...

2013-08-13

13

Landscape effects on soundscape experience in city parks.  

PubMed

The main objective of this study was to analyse the effects of various landscape factors on soundscape perception in city parks. This was based on the experience, which was supposed to reflect soundscape perception, of 580 users of five city parks in Xiamen, China. Visual and functional landscape characteristics were analysed in relation to experienced occurrence of and preference for individual sounds, as well as overall soundscape preference. The results suggest that landscape factors have more significant effects on experienced occurrence of individual sounds than preference for individual sounds. However, landscape effects on overall soundscape preference depend more on preferences for individual sounds. The effects of visual landscape on the perception of individual sounds could be more important in natural sounds than in artificial sounds, and more in experienced occurrence of than preference for individual sounds; for functional landscape the effects are reversed. In general, visual landscape effects on the perception of individual sounds are more significant than functional landscape effects, especially on experienced occurrence of individual sounds. Taking all factors into account, only the two landscape factors are highly correlated with the overall soundscape preference, with coefficient values of 0.325 and 0.204, respectively. Overall, the results reveal the close relationship between landscape and soundscape experience in real contexts, and that visual and functional aspects should be considered in terms of creating a better soundscape during park design and management processes. The analysis of users' social, demographical and behavioural factors such as age, visit frequency and length of stay, in relation to the soundscape experience, has also shown significant effects. PMID:23567167

Liu, Jiang; Kang, Jian; Luo, Tao; Behm, Holger

2013-06-01

14

Origin of Park City (Phosphoria) cycles in Bighorn basin  

SciTech Connect

The Franson and Ervay cycles of the Permian Park City Formation in the Bighorn basin developed in response to both eustatic fluctuations and the changing climatic regimes associated with these fluctuations. The basal phosphatic shales (Meade Park and Retort members) and cherty siltstones (Rex and Tosi cherts) in these cycles were deposited during major transgressive events under the influence of cold, upwelling, deep oceanic currents and semitropical/tropical climatic conditions. The overlying carbonate units (Franson and Ervay Members) were deposited during sea level stabilization and regional marine regressions in warm marine waters and under hot, arid climatic conditions. During these periods of carbonate deposition, shallow marine ramp systems developed. Widespread, low-energy, restricted-marine environments extends across most of the Bighorn basin, except to the southwest, where normal marine environments existed, and along the east flank of the basin, where peritidal carbonates and lagoonal/salina red beds and evaporites developed. The smaller clastic/carbonate cycles that comprise the Franson and Ervay members developed during minor sea level changes and as a result of shifts in the major water currents in the basin and the normal short-term processes involved in shoal development and destruction. The imprint of the varying climatic conditions on these sequences is manifest in the vertical decrease in clastic content and gradation from more normal marine to restricted marine carbonate facies upward through all cycles, the development of tepee structures and then dissolution features in peritidal deposits, and the precipitation of evaporites in the lagoonal sequences.

Inden, R.; Dean, J.S.

1986-08-01

15

Prevalence of Toxocara Spp. eggs in Public Parks in Tehran City, Iran  

PubMed Central

Background The objective of the present research was to determine the frequency of Toxocara spp. eggs in soil samples of public parks, in the city of Tehran, Iran. Methods A total of 600 soil samples were taken from 120 parks between Aprils to November, 2008. Soil samples were collected from 5 distinct sites in the parks. The samples were washed with saline solution and the collected sediment from each park were equally divided and examined by floatation and Petri dish methods for Toxocara eggs. Results Ten percent were contaminated with Toxocara spp. eggs. The number of observed Toxocara eggs in each microscopic field was varied from 1-3. No significant differences were observed between floatation and Petri dish methods. Conclusion Our public parks showed a high risk of toxocariasis and the need for preventive studies.

Khazan, H; Khazaei, M; Tabaee, SJ Seyyed; Mehrabi, A

2012-01-01

16

Highlighting High Performance: Twenty River Terrace, Battery Park City, New York, New York  

SciTech Connect

Case study on high performance building features of the Twenty River Terrace, Battery Park City building. Breezes off the Hudson River waft through Battery Park City, a planned development of residential and commercial buildings and open space at the tip of lower Manhattan. A riverfront walkway and several connecting public parks sprinkled with public art flank Battery Park City on one side, and New York's busy financial district vibrates on the other. Construction continues on Battery Park's newest building, Twenty River Terrace, the first residential apartment building to embrace sustainable design in a systematic way, and the first to follow the Hugh L. Carey Battery Park City Authority Residential Environmental Guidelines. According to the guidelines, which all future Battery Park City development must follow, they ''establish a process for the creation of environmentally responsible residential buildings that are appreciably ahead of current standards and practices for development.'' As a result of the guidelines, and the architects' commitment to incorporating best practices, this 27-story apartment building operates 35% more efficiently than required by the New York State Energy Code, and generates some of its own electricity from building-integrated photovoltaics, especially in the summer when New York power plants struggle to keep up with air-conditioning demands. The Authority hopes the guidelines will be a good model for other developments, in Manhattan and across the world, for incorporating energy-efficient design and renewable energy. The principles of environmentally sound, people-centered planning and development addressed by Twenty River Terrace continue to be a focus of the redevelopment of lower Manhattan.

Not Available

2002-08-01

17

Benefits of a forested urban park: What is the value of Allan Gardens to the city of Toronto, Canada?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Treed urban parks provide numerous social, environmental, and economic services of measurable value to a city. To better understand the importance of a forested urban park we employ the Street Tree Resource Assessment Tool for Urban Forest Managers (STRATUM) to investigate the value of services provided by trees in Allan Gardens, a historic public park in downtown Toronto, Canada. A

Andrew A. Millward; Senna Sabir

2011-01-01

18

Not Just a Walk in the Park: Methodological Improvements for Determining Environmental Justice Implications of Park Access in New York City for the Promotion of Physical Activity  

PubMed Central

The purpose of this study is to test the hypothesis that access to parks in New York City is not equitable across racial and ethnic categories. It builds on previous research that has linked access to parks and open space with increased physical activity, which in turn may reduce the risk for adverse health outcomes related to obesity. Systematic patterns of uneven access to parks might help to explain disparities in these health outcomes across sociodemographic populations that are not fully explained by individual-level risk factors and health behaviors, and therefore access to parks becomes an environmental justice issue. This study is designed to shed light on the “unpatterned inequities” of park distributions identified in previous studies of New York City park access. It uses a combination of network analysis and a cadastral-based expert dasymetric system (CEDS) to estimate the racial/ethnic composition of populations within a reasonable walking distance of 400m from parks. The distance to the closest park, number of parks within walking distance, amount of accessible park space, and number of physical activity sites are then evaluated across racial/ethnic categories, and are compared to the citywide populations using odds ratios. The odds ratios revealed patterns that at first glance appear to contradict the notion of distributional inequities. However, discussion of the results points to the need for reassessing what is meant by “access” to more thoroughly consider the aspects of parks that are most likely to contribute to physical activity and positive health outcomes.

Miyake, Keith K.; Maroko, Andrew R.; Grady, Kristen L.; Maantay, Juliana A.; Arno, Peter S.

2011-01-01

19

CBPRS: A City Based Parking and Routing System  

Microsoft Academic Search

Navigational systems assist drivers in finding a route between two locations that is time optimal in theory but seldom in practice due to delaying circumstances the system is unaware of, such as traffic jams. Upon arrival at the destination the service of the system ends and the driver is forced to locate a parking place without further assistance. We propose

L. J. M. Rothkrantz; Michiel Wezel

2008-01-01

20

City of Minneapolis Park & Recreation Summer Youth Report, 1999.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report describes youth employment and training programs run by the Minneapolis Park and Recreation Board (MPRB) in summer 1999. The MPRB operates the Teen Teamworks program, which helps teens acquire appreciation for connections between academic, social, judgment, and job skills. MPRB has identified changing social and economic needs as a…

Minnesota State Dept. of Economic Security, St. Paul.

21

Decline of sacred fir (Abies religiosa) in a forest park south of Mexico City.  

PubMed

Decline of sacred fir (Abies religiosa) trees in the high elevation forest park, Desierto de los Leones, located south of Mexico City, is described. Trees located in the windward zone (exposed to air masses from Mexico City) were the most severely affected, especially trees at the distal ends of ravines. Examination of tree growth rings indicated decreases in ring widths for the past 30 years. Polluted air from Mexico City may be an important causal factor in fir decline. Drought, due to excessive removal of soil water, insects, mites and pathogens, and poor forest management are possible contributing and interactive factors in fir decline. PMID:15091853

Alvarado R, D; De Bauer, L I; Galindo A, J

1993-01-01

22

Magnetic properties of the road dusts from two parks in Wuhan city, China: implications for mapping urban environment  

Microsoft Academic Search

Magnetic parameters and heavy metal concentrations of road dusts collected from two parks with distance about 16 km in Wuhan\\u000a city, China, were measured. The Guishan Park is circled by main roads with heavy traffic, and the Moshan Park is located on\\u000a the downwind hills of steelworks and a power plant. Mean values of magnetic susceptibility (?) and saturation magnetization (M

Tao Yang; Qingli Zeng; Zhifeng Liu; Qingsheng Liu

2011-01-01

23

Study on the site selection of logistics park based on the AHP method: Take Jiaozuo city for an example  

Microsoft Academic Search

In order to provide the planning basis and explore the best layout program for logistics park layout, this paper takes Jiaozuo city as an example and selects several factors, such as position, facilities, function and development potential to design a comprehensive evaluation indicator system in site selection of logistics park with the GIS platform, and then At last, the paper

Zhongmei Guan; Hongwu Niu

2011-01-01

24

Observing and modeling the nocturnal park cool island of an arid city: horizontal and vertical impacts  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We examined the horizontal and vertical nocturnal cooling influence of a small park with irrigated lawn and xeric surfaces (˜3 ha) within a university campus of a hot arid city. Temperature data from 0.01- to 3-m heights observed during a bicycle traverse of the campus were combined with modeled spatial temperature data simulated from a three-dimensional microclimate model (ENVI-met 3.1). A distinct park cool island, with mean observed magnitudes of 0.7-3.6°C, was documented for both traverse and model data with larger cooling intensities measured closer to surface level. Modeled results possessed varying but generally reasonable accuracy in simulating both spatial and temporal temperature data, although some systematic errors exist. A combination of several factors, such as variations in surface thermal properties, urban geometry, building orientation, and soil moisture, was likely responsible for influencing differential urban and non-urban near-surface temperatures. A strong inversion layer up to 1 m over non-urban surfaces was detected, contrasting with near-neutral lapse rates over urban surfaces. A key factor in the spatial expansion of the park cool island was the advection of cooler park air to adjacent urban surfaces, although this effect was mostly concentrated from 0- to 1-m heights over urban surfaces that were more exposed to the atmosphere.

Chow, Winston T. L.; Pope, Ronald L.; Martin, Chris A.; Brazel, Anthony J.

2011-01-01

25

Radiological survey results at Porter Street City Park, Beverly, Massachusetts (VB026)  

SciTech Connect

At the request of the US Department of Energy (DOE), a team from Oak Ridge National Laboratory conducted a radiological survey at the Porter Street City Park, Beverly, Massachusetts. The survey was performed in May 1991. The purpose of the survey was to determine if uranium from work performed under government contract at the former Ventron facility had migrated off-site to neighboring areas. The survey included a surface gamma scan and the collection of soil samples for radionuclide analyses. Results of the survey demonstrated no radionuclide concentrations or radiation measurements in excess of the DOE Formerly Utilized Sites Remedial Action Program guidelines

Foley, R.D.; Johnson, C.A.

1992-08-01

26

Report of Freshwater Mussels Workshop Held at St. Louis, Missouri on 26-27 October 1982.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A workshop on freshwater mussels was held in St. Louis, Mo., on 26-27 October 1982. This workshop was part of a project on mussels conducted by the U.S. Army Engineer Waterways Experiment Station (WES), Vicksburg, Miss. as part of the Environmental Impact...

A. C. Miller

1983-01-01

27

Sequence stratigraphy interpretation of the Ervay member (Permian, Park City Formation), west-central Wyoming paleoshelf  

SciTech Connect

The Park City Formation is an important unconformity-bounded, Upper Permian stratigraphic sequence. Established lithostratigraphic correlations within the unit can be reinterpreted within a sequence stratigraphic framework. Three major carbonate-rich parasequences occur. From bottom to top, these are the Grandeur, Franson, and Ervay. The Ervay is the main hydrocarbon-producing unit within the Park City. In the study area it generally consists of low-energy, restricted-to open-marine wackestones and packstones deposited that ranges from a submarine omission surface to an erosional exposure surface. The upper boundary is the Permo-Triassic regional unconformity. The Ervay exhibits several transgressive surfaces and possible thin condensed zones in cores and outcrops. These features, which commonly appear as high gamma-ray markers on logs, are characterized by phosphatic and skeletal lags, marine hardgrounds, and glauconite. Log correlations of these features allow stratal geometries to be determined. In the lower Ervay, transgressive units appear to onlap eastward. In the upper Ervay, geometries are primarily aggradational. Most Ervay hydrocarbon production is from structural traps. In at least one field, however, updip stratigraphic pinch-outs form traps. At a regional scale, or in analogous systems, the sequence stratigraphic approach may help define other pinch-outs, dolomitized trends, fairways of grainier facies, and areas where source and reservoir rocks are juxtaposed. The sequence stratigraphy of the Ervay parasequence also helps explain the complex reservoir zonations found throughout the study area.

Clark, W.J.; Hurley, N.F. (Marathon Oil Co., Littleton, CO (United States)); Choquette, P.W.; Hiatt, E.E.; Garfield, T.R.; Budd, D.A. (Univ. of Colorado, Boulder (United States))

1991-03-01

28

The street food culture of Guatemala City: a case study from a downtown, urban park.  

PubMed

This study investigated the structure and environment of 31 street food vendors in an urban park in the downtown area of Guatemala City. Vendors were interviewed and observed in order to assess the quality, safety, and accessibility of street food. The street food vending in the park consisted of five types: whole meal, snack, beverage, fruits, and carts. A great variety of typical Guatemalan meals, as well as ready-to-eat fruits and hot dog chapin (hot dog with cabbage and avocado cream), were found in the park. The food preparation and handling revealed inadequacies concerning the hygiene. Circumstances, such as the lack of portable water near the vending site and unhygienic sanitary facilities, supported the transmission of pathogens. The clientele was of all ages, and included female as well as the male purchasers. Typical clients came from the surrounding area, i.e. the employees of civil and private offices, commercial businesses, and the non-food vendors of the park. Comparing the economy of street food with the definition of very poor in Guatemala, the prices on the street were often above the daily money needed for a basic food basket. However, a special clientele were the very poor, such as the street children and handicapped people, who earned their meals by helping out at the vending sites. Mainly female street food vendors were found at the whole meal, snack, and refreshment sites whereas men sold predominantly at the carts. For all of the vendors, it was the main source of income and for many families the only one. PMID:9830483

Freese, E; Romero-Abal, M E; Solomons, N W

1998-06-01

29

Bird use of linear areas of a tropical city: implications for park connector design and management  

Microsoft Academic Search

The National Parks Board of Singapore has plans to link up all urban parks and native habitats through a park-connector network. Although this connector network has already been implemented, it will take about 30 years to complete. We surveyed birds in 10 linear areas in Singapore. Of these linear areas, two were already completed park connectors, six were parks, and

Navjot S. Sodhi; Clive Briffett; Lily Kong; Belinda Yuen

1999-01-01

30

Health Hazard Evaluation Report HETA 95-0375-2590, Bally's Park Place Casino Hotel, Atlantic City, New Jersey.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In response to a request from employees at the Bally's Park Place Casino Hotel (SIC-7011), Atlantic City, New Jersey, an investigation was begun into exposure to second hand tobacco smoke among the employees. The casino employed about 800 persons who work...

D. Trout J. Decker

1996-01-01

31

USAAA Conference in Park City Utah: The Autism Epidemic a Mystery? Only if One Ignores All the Science  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article is a synopsis of a presentation offered by the author at the recent United States Autism and Asperger Association Conference in Park City, Utah. During the USAAA conference, the author voices his concerns over the current autism epidemic. He opines that the failure of the medical profession and many governmental and other public…

Stoller, K. Paul

2006-01-01

32

Deer ticks (Ixodes scapularis) and the agents of Lyme disease and human granulocytic ehrlichiosis in a New York City park.  

PubMed Central

Rodent trapping and drag sampling in Van Cortlandt Park, New York City, yielded all stages of Ixodes scapularis, the deer tick vector of Lyme disease and human granulocytic ehrlichiosis (HGE). Polymerase chain reaction analyses of the ticks showed Borrelia burgdorferi and the Ehrlichia sp. that causes HGE.

Daniels, T. J.; Falco, R. C.; Schwartz, I.; Varde, S.; Robbins, R. G.

1997-01-01

33

Synthesis of 25-hydroxy-(26,27-/sup 3/H)vitamin D2, 1,25-dihydroxy-(26,27-/sup 3/H)vitamin D2 and their (24R)-epimers  

SciTech Connect

Synthesis of a C-24-epimeric mixture of 25-hydroxy-(26,27-/sup 3/H)vitamin D2 and a C-24-epimeric mixture of 1,25-dihydroxy-(26,27-/sup 3/H)vitamin D2 by the Grignard reaction of the corresponding 25-keto-27-nor-vitamin D2 and 1 alpha-acetoxy-25-keto-27-nor-vitamin D3 with tritiated methyl magnesium bromide is described. Separation of epimers by high-performance liquid chromatography afforded pure radiolabeled vitamins of high specific activity (80 Ci/mmol). The identities and radiochemical purities of 25-hydroxy-(26,27-/sup 3/H(vitamin D2 and 1,25-dihydroxy-(26,27-/sup 3/H)vitamin D2 D2 were established by cochromatography with synthetic 25-hydroxyvitamin D2 or 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D2. Biological activity of 25-hydroxy-(26,27-/sup 3/H)vitamin D2 was demonstrated by its binding to the rat plasma binding protein for vitamin D compounds, and by its in vitro conversion to 1,25-dihydroxy-(26,27-/sup 3/H)vitamin D2 by kidney homogenate prepared from vitamin D-deficient chickens. The biological activity of 1,25-dihydroxy-(26,27-/sup 3/H)vitamin D2 was demonstrated by its binding to the chick intestinal receptor for 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3.

Sicinski, R.R.; Tanaka, Y.; Phelps, M.; Schnoes, H.K.; DeLuca, H.F.

1987-02-15

34

Molecular Tracers of Saturated and Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbon Inputs into Central Park Lake, New York City  

PubMed Central

Saturated hydrocarbons (SH) and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) have been quantified in a sediment core obtained from Central Park Lake, New York City. Radionuclides 210Pb and 137Cs were used to assign approximate dates to each individual section in the core. The dating profile based on 210Pb matches very well with the time constraints provided by 137Cs. Radionuclide-derived depositional dates are consistent with temporal information from the petroleum-indicator ratio U/R [the ratio of unresolved complex mixture (UCM) to saturated hydrocarbons in the aliphatic fraction] and the history of fuel use in the NYC area. Ratios of 1,7-dimethylphenanthrane (DMP) to 1,7-DMP plus 2,6-DMP [1,7/(1,7 + 2,6)-DMP], retene to retene plus chrysene [Ret/(Ret + Chy)], and fluoranthene to fluoranthene plus pyrene [Fl/(Fl + Py)] provide additional source discrimination throughout the core. Results show that the ratio U/R is sensitive to petroleum inputs and Ret/(Ret + Chy) is responsive to contributions from softwood combustion, whereas both Fl/(Fl + Py) and 1,7/(1,7 + 2,6)-DMP can be used to discriminate among wood, coal, and petroleum combustion sources. Combined use of these ratios suggests that in New York City, wood combustion dominated 100 years ago, with a shift to coal combustion occurring from the 1900s to the 1950s. Petroleum use began around the 1920s and has dominated since the 1940s.

YAN, BEIZHAN; ABRAJANO, TEOFILO A.; BOPP, RICHARD F.; CHAKY, DAMON A.; BENEDICT, LUCILLE A.; CHILLRUD, STEVEN N.

2011-01-01

35

Evaluating New York City's smoke-free parks and beaches law: a critical multiplist approach to assessing behavioral impact.  

PubMed

This article describes the evaluation of the law banning smoking in New York City's parks and beaches that went into effect in 2011. We discuss the practical and methodological challenges that emerged in evaluating this law, and describe how we applied the principles of critical multiplism to address these issues. The evaluation uses data from three complementary studies, each with a unique set of strengths and weaknesses that can provide converging evidence for the effectiveness of the law. Results from a litter audit and an observational study suggest the ban reduced smoking in parks and beaches. The purpose, methodology and baseline results from an ongoing survey that measures how frequently adults in NYC and across New York State notice people smoking in parks and on beaches are presented and discussed. Limitations are considered and suggestions are offered for future evaluations of similar policies. PMID:22638901

Johns, Michael; Coady, Micaela H; Chan, Christina A; Farley, Shannon M; Kansagra, Susan M

2013-03-01

36

5,17-Diformyl-25,26,27,28-tetra-propoxy-calix[4]arene  

PubMed Central

The title compound, C42H48O6, was obtained via formyl­ation of 25,26,27,28-tetra­propoxycalix[4]arene with dichloro­methyl methyl ether and tin tetra­chloride. It adopts a pinched cone conformation, which leads to an open cavity. The two opposite aromatic rings bearing formyl groups are almost parallel, making a dihedral angle of 29.1?(2)°. The other pair of opposite rings are close to being perpendicular, making a dihedral angle of 73.6?(1)°. Adjacent rings are almost perpendicular, making dihedral angles of 78.8?(2), 81.6?(1), 78.2?(1) and 74.7?(1)°.

Li, Zhengyi; Ma, Hongzhao; Lai, Yuan; Chen, Liang; Sun, Xiaoqiang

2013-01-01

37

The Halifax County Industrial Park Study, for the City of Roanoke Rapids, North Carolina.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The study is divided into three parts. Part one is an inventory of the existing industrial park and general Halifax County conditions. Part two develops scenarios of possible kinds of industrial clients. Part three discusses factors affecting implementati...

1980-01-01

38

Proceedings of the Air Force Geophysics Laboratory Workshop on the Earth's Radiation Belts: 26-27 January 1981.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A two-day workshop on the earth's radiation belts was held on 26-27 January 1981 at the Air Force Geophysics Laboratory. The workshop reviewed the present state of knowledge of the radiation belts and the effects of energetic particles on microelectronic ...

R. C. Sagalyn W. N. Spjeldvik W. J. Burke

1981-01-01

39

Seepage study of McLeod Creek and East Canyon Creek near Park City, Summit County, Utah, 2004  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Seepage investigations on McLeod Creek downstream of U.S. Geological Survey streamflow-gaging station McLeod Creek near Park City, Utah, and its confluence with Kimball Creek during the summer of 2004 indicate that this section of the creek is a gaining reach. The total seepage gains ranged from 1.8 to 2.7 cubic feet per second, or a 32 to 55 percent gain. The apparent average total seepage gain was 2.2 cubic feet per second, or an average 42 percent gain. Seepage investigations from the U.S. Geological Survey streamflow-gaging station at East Canyon Creek below I-80 Rest Stop near Park City, Utah, to the station at East Canyon Creek near Jeremy Ranch, Utah, indicate that this section of East Canyon Creek is a slightly losing reach. The total seepage losses ranged from -1.2 to -2.0 cubic feet per second. This is a loss of between -18 and -27 percent from discharge measured at the upstream gaging station. The apparent average total seepage loss for the reach was -1.0 cubic feet per second, or -18 percent. Seepage information also was obtained along East Canyon Creek by using water-temperature data recorded in three shallow streambed piezometers. Surface-water temperature also was recorded at these locations. These water-temperature profiles indicate a seepage loss at all three locations along East Canyon Creek. This seepage loss appears to decrease in September and October.

Wilkowske, C. D.

2005-01-01

40

Source apportionment of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) into Central Park Lake, New York city, over a century of deposition.  

PubMed

Relative contributions of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) from combustion sources of wood, petroleum, and coal were computed in sediments from Central Park Lake in New York City (NY, USA) by chemical mass balance based on several reliable source indicators. These indicators are the ratio of retene to the sum of retene and chrysene, the ratio of 1,7-dimethylphenanthrene (DMP) to 1,7-DMP and 2,6-DMP, and the ratio of fluroanthene to fluroanthene and pyrene. The authors found that petroleum combustion-derived PAH fluxes generally followed the historical consumption data of New York State. Coal combustion-derived PAH flux peaked approximately in the late 1910s, remained at a relatively high level over the next 3 decades, then rapidly declined from the 1950s to the 1960s; according to historical New York State coal consumption data, however, there was a 2-peak trend, with peaks around the early 1920s and the mid-1940s. The 1940s peak was not observed in Central Park Lake, most likely because of the well-documented shift from coal to oil as the major residential heating fuel in New York City during the late 1930s. It was widely believed that the decreased PAH concentrations and fluxes in global sediments during the last century resulted from a major energy shift from coal to petroleum. The data, however, show that this shift occurred from 1945 through the 1960s and did not result in an obvious decline. The sharpest decrease, which occurred in the 1970s was not predominantly related to coal usage but rather was the result of multiple factors, including a decline in petroleum usage largely, the introduction of low sulfur-content fuel in New York City, and the introduction of emission-control technologies. Environ Toxicol Chem 2014;33:985-992. © 2014 SETAC. PMID:24375577

Yan, Beizhan; Bopp, Richard F; Abrajano, Teofilo A; Chaky, Damon; Chillrud, Steven N

2014-05-01

41

Development of an energy park in Kansas City, Missouri: Issues and implementation options  

Microsoft Academic Search

The realization of the direct relationship between energy prices and economic development provides new opportunities for energy management to encourage business and industrial development in an urban economy. One such opportunity is the concept of an energy park, defined as a site for industrial, commercial and residential uses which can share common energy production facilities or otherwise stabilize energy supplies

Kjelshus

1984-01-01

42

78 FR 39604 - Safety Zone; Northside Park Pier Fireworks Display, Assawoman Bay, Ocean City, MD  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...specified waters of Assawoman Bay in Ocean City, MD. This safety zone...respects the First Amendment rights of protesters. Protesters are...Constitutionally Protected Property Rights. 9. Civil Justice Reform This...Safety Zone, Assawoman Bay, Ocean City, MD. (a)...

2013-07-02

43

Essential fats for future health. Proceedings of the 9th Unilever Nutrition Symposium, 26–27 May 2010  

Microsoft Academic Search

The 9th Unilever Nutrition Symposium entitled ‘Essential fats for future health’, held on 26–27 May 2010, aimed to review the dietary recommendations for essential fatty acids (EFA); discuss the scientific evidence for the roles of EFA in cognition, immune function and cardiovascular health; and to identify opportunities for joint efforts by industry, academia, governmental and non-governmental organizations to effectively improve

P C Calder; A D Dangour; C Diekman; A Eilander; B Koletzko; G W Meijer; D Mozaffarian; H Niinikoski; S J M Osendarp; P Pietinen; J Schuit; R Uauy

2010-01-01

44

Synthesis of 26,27-bisnorcastasterone analogs and analysis of conformation-activity relationship for brassinolide-like activity.  

PubMed

Three castasterone (CS) derivatives with varied side-chain moieties, 26,27-bisnorcastasterone (20S-bisnorCS), 20-epi-26,27-bisnorcastasterone (20R-bisnorCS), and 21,26,27-trisnorcastasterone (trisnorCS), were synthesized stereoselectively from either stigmasterol or dehydroisoandrosterone. The 50% effective doses (ED50, nmol/plant) in the concentration-response curve for brassinolide-like activity in the rice lamina inclination assay were determined to be 0.020 nmol (pED50 = 10.7) for 20S-bisnorCS, 3.2 nmol (pED50 = 8.5) for 20R-bisnorCS, and 2.0 nmol (pED50 = 8.7) for trisnorCS. An analog containing an ester linkage between the steroid and the side-chain moiety of 20S-bisnorCS was also synthesized and its activity was evaluated to be 3.2 nmol (pED50 = 8.5), being equipotent to 20R-bisnorCS and trisnorCS. The activity of 20S-bisnorCS was 1/40 that of CS. The conformation analysis was conducted using a systematic search, showing that the activity decreases with an increase in the degree of freedom of the side chain of the steroidal skeleton. PMID:16288879

Yamamoto, Shuji; Watanabe, Bunta; Otsuki, Junko; Nakagawa, Yoshiaki; Akamatsu, Miki; Miyagawa, Hisahi

2006-03-15

45

Actes des Journees de linguistique (Proceedings of the Linguistics Conference) (12th, Quebec City, Canada, March 26-27, 1998).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Papers on language research include: "L'expression de l'opposition en Latin" ("The Expression of Opposition in Latin" (Claude Begin); "Le francais de l'Abitibi: characteristiques phonetiques et origine socio-geographique des locuteurs" ("The French of Abitibi: Phonetic Characteristics and Socio-Geographic Origin of Speakers") (Chantal…

Boissonneault, Chantal, Ed.

46

Health Consultation: Phoenix Goodyear Airport Superfund Site, Tierra Verde Lake, City of Litchfield Park, Maricopa County, Arizona. EPA Facility ID: AZD980695902.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Arizona Department of Health Services (ADHS) received a request for a Health Consultation from the City of Litchfield Park, dated March 5, 2007. The nature of the request was for ADHS to determine if there was a risk to public health from eating fish ...

2008-01-01

47

Rickettsiae and ehrlichiae within a city park: is the urban dweller at risk?  

PubMed

Tick-borne diseases, such as spotted fever rickettsioses and ehrlichioses, are potentially severe and life-threatening infections. The incidences of these infections increase during warm weather months as ticks become active. Clinicians often consider outdoor activities in rural areas to be a risk factor for exposure to ticks and the pathogens they carry, but are those who live, work, and play within an urban environment excluded from this risk? In this study, we collected ticks from two urban parks in Little Rock, AR, to assess the presence of rickettsiae and ehrlichiae within an urban setting. A total of 273 ticks were collected during July, 2011. Amblyomma americanum was the predominant tick species, with 255 (93%) of those collected. The remaining 18 (7%) were Dermacentor variabilis. Ticks were separated and pooled into groups for further testing. Forty-two of the 43 (98%) A. americanum pools demonstrated molecular evidence for the presence of rickettsiae. None of the D. variabilis contained rickettsiae. Restriction enzyme fragment length polymorphism analysis and DNA sequencing revealed Rickettsia amblyommii to be the species present. One A. americanum pool from park A demonstrated the presence of Ehrlichia chaffeensis, the pathogen responsible for human monocytotropic ehrlichiosis. These results indicate that tick-borne pathogens are not limited to rural or suburban areas. PMID:24528097

Blanton, Lucas S; Walker, David H; Bouyer, Donald H

2014-02-01

48

Procedures for estimating park-and-ride demand in large Texas cities. Interim report, September 1983February 1987  

Microsoft Academic Search

Numerous park-and-ride lots are being developed in Texas. The report develops techniques to estimate the ranges in ridership that will likely occur at park-and-ride lots in large urban areas. The data base employed to develop these techniques uses the experiences of 16 park-and-ride lots in Houston, Texas. Several of these models are then applied to Dallas park-and-ride lots. The demand-estimation

L. G. Nungesser; N. P. Ledbetter

1987-01-01

49

Conference to Develop Strategies on Human Resources in PT. Held on August 26-27, 1993. Executive Summary and Final Report.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The American Physical Therapy Association held a conference on August 26-27, 1993 to address issues that have created a shortage of physical therapy personnel in the United States. The conference was attended by physical therapists, health services, resea...

M. Goldstein

1993-01-01

50

Assessment of flora, plant communities, and hydrochemical conditions for adaptive management of a small artificial wetland made in a park of a cool-temperate city  

Microsoft Academic Search

In order to recreate the landscape of Ishikari Mire, an artificial wetland was made in 2000 at a city park in northern Japan.\\u000a Its flora, plant communities, and hydrochemical conditions were examined in 2005 and compared with those determined in 2001\\u000a and with those of nearby intact fens. Management increased water levels by ca. 10 cm from 2002. Neutral pH, high

Kazuo Yabe; Takatoshi Nakamura

2010-01-01

51

@central park  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Central Park Conservancy, a not-for-profit organization dedicated to restoring, improving, and managing Central Park's grounds and facilities, offers this "official" site, which contains a wealth of information about what is arguably the world's most famous city park. Each of the site's sections contains useful or interesting information; the Then & Now section, for instance, offers an overview of Central Park's history, a bibliography with 43 entries for those seeking further information, and a list of movies with scenes set in the park. Another highlight of the site is the Virtual Park, which consists of a set of clickable maps through which users can explore 72 points of interest, each described in the affectionate style of a travel guidebook. The site's other sections include such features as events schedules, press releases, information on when and where particular varieties of flowers bloom, and a section devoted entirely to activities for families and children. This site will be especially useful to those who are planning a visit to Central Park, but other users will likely find it informative and entertaining as well.

52

Rickettsia monacensis sp. nov., a Spotted Fever Group Rickettsia, from Ticks (Ixodes ricinus) Collected in a European City Park  

PubMed Central

We describe the isolation and characterization of Rickettsia monacensis sp. nov. (type strain, IrR/MunichT) from an Ixodes ricinus tick collected in a city park, the English Garden in Munich, Germany. Rickettsiae were propagated in vitro with Ixodes scapularis cell line ISE6. BLAST analysis of the 16S rRNA, the citrate synthase, and the partial 190-kDa rickettsial outer membrane protein A (rOmpA) gene sequences demonstrated that the isolate was a spotted fever group (SFG) rickettsia closely related to several yet-to-be-cultivated rickettsiae associated with I. ricinus. Phylogenetic analysis of partial rompA sequences demonstrated that the isolate was genotypically different from other validated species of SFG rickettsiae. R. monacensis also replicated in cell lines derived from the ticks I. ricinus (IRE11) and Dermacentor andersoni (DAE100) and in the mammalian cell lines L-929 and Vero, causing cell lysis. Transmission electron microscopy of infected ISE6 and Vero cells showed rickettsiae within the cytoplasm, pseudopodia, nuclei, and vacuoles. Hamsters inoculated with R. monacensis had immunoglobulin G antibody titers as high as 1:16,384, as determined by indirect immunofluorescence assay. Western blot analyses demonstrated that the hamster sera cross-reacted with peptides from other phylogenetically distinct rickettsiae, including rOmpA. R. monacensis induced actin tails in both tick and mammalian cells similar to those reported for R. rickettsii. R. monacensis joins a growing list of SFG rickettsiae that colonize ticks but whose infectivity and pathogenicity for vertebrates are unknown.

Simser, Jason A.; Palmer, Ann T.; Fingerle, Volker; Wilske, Bettina; Kurtti, Timothy J.; Munderloh, Ulrike G.

2002-01-01

53

Rickettsia monacensis sp. nov., a spotted fever group Rickettsia, from ticks (Ixodes ricinus) collected in a European city park.  

PubMed

We describe the isolation and characterization of Rickettsia monacensis sp. nov. (type strain, IrR/Munich(T)) from an Ixodes ricinus tick collected in a city park, the English Garden in Munich, Germany. Rickettsiae were propagated in vitro with Ixodes scapularis cell line ISE6. BLAST analysis of the 16S rRNA, the citrate synthase, and the partial 190-kDa rickettsial outer membrane protein A (rOmpA) gene sequences demonstrated that the isolate was a spotted fever group (SFG) rickettsia closely related to several yet-to-be-cultivated rickettsiae associated with I. ricinus. Phylogenetic analysis of partial rompA sequences demonstrated that the isolate was genotypically different from other validated species of SFG rickettsiae. R. monacensis also replicated in cell lines derived from the ticks I. ricinus (IRE11) and Dermacentor andersoni (DAE100) and in the mammalian cell lines L-929 and Vero, causing cell lysis. Transmission electron microscopy of infected ISE6 and Vero cells showed rickettsiae within the cytoplasm, pseudopodia, nuclei, and vacuoles. Hamsters inoculated with R. monacensis had immunoglobulin G antibody titers as high as 1:16,384, as determined by indirect immunofluorescence assay. Western blot analyses demonstrated that the hamster sera cross-reacted with peptides from other phylogenetically distinct rickettsiae, including rOmpA. R. monacensis induced actin tails in both tick and mammalian cells similar to those reported for R. rickettsii. R. monacensis joins a growing list of SFG rickettsiae that colonize ticks but whose infectivity and pathogenicity for vertebrates are unknown. PMID:12200314

Simser, Jason A; Palmer, Ann T; Fingerle, Volker; Wilske, Bettina; Kurtti, Timothy J; Munderloh, Ulrike G

2002-09-01

54

Modification of 1 alpha,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 metabolism by introduction of 26,26,26,27,27,27-hexafluoro atoms in human promyelocytic leukaemia (HL-60) cells: isolation and identification of a novel bioactive metabolite, 26,26,26,27,27,27-hexafluoro-1 alpha,23(S),25-trihydroxyvitamin D3.  

PubMed Central

To study whether the introduction of fluoro atoms into C-26 and C-27 positions on the 1 alpha,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 [1 alpha,25(OH)2D3] molecule could affect metabolism in human promyelocytic leukaemia (HL-60) cells, we compared the metabolism of 26,26,26,27,27,27-hexafluoro-1 alpha,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 [26,27-F6-1 alpha,25(OH)2D3] and 1 alpha,25(OH)2D3 in HL-60 cells. 26,27-F6-1 alpha,25(OH)2D3 was mainly converted into a new bioactive metabolite, 26,26,26,27,27,27-hexafluoro-1 alpha,23(S),25- trihydroxyvitamin D3 [26,27-F6-1 alpha,23(S),25(OH)3D3], but not into 26,26,26,27,27,27-hexafluoro-1 alpha,24(R),25-trihydroxyvitamin D3 [26,27-F6-1 alpha,24(R),25(OH)3D3] in HL-60 cells. 26,27-F6-1 alpha,23(S),25(OH)3D3 was identified by combinations of h.p.l.c., u.v. spectroscopy and g.c.-mass spectrometry. Evidence is presented that 26,27-F6-1 alpha,25(OH)2D2 was metabolized to 26,27-F6-1 alpha,23(S),25(OH)3D3 by C-23 hydroxylation as a first step of the metabolism, and the 23-hydroxylated bioactive metabolite was accumulated in the cells, whereas 1 alpha,25(OH)2D3 was initially deactivated and metabolized to 1 alpha,24(R),25(OH)3D3 by C-24 hydroxylation through a side-chain oxidation pathway resulting in C23-C24 cleavage, yielding 24,25,26,27-tetranor-1 alpha,23(OH)2D3 in HL-60 cells. These results show that 26,27-F6-1 alpha,25(OH)2D3 and 1 alpha,25(OH)2D3 are metabolized by different metabolic pathways in HL-60 cells.

Honda, A; Nakashima, N; Shida, Y; Mori, Y; Nagata, A; Ishizuka, S

1993-01-01

55

Aragusterols EH, new 26,27-cyclosterols from the Okinawan marine sponge of the genus Xestospongia and absolute configurations of xestokerols A and B  

Microsoft Academic Search

New 26, 27-cyclosterols, aragusterols E-H, were isolated from the Okinawan marine sponge of the genus Xestospongia. Their structures were determined by spectroscopic measurement and chemical conversion. The absolute configurations of xestokerols A and B were determined by chemical conversion.

Hiroaki Miyaoka; Masakazu Shinohara; Masako Shimomura; Hidemichi Mitome; Akiko Yano; Kazuo Iguchi; Yasuji Yamada

1997-01-01

56

Does urbanization shape bacterial community composition in urban park soils? A case study in 16 representative Chinese cities based on the pyrosequencing method.  

PubMed

Although the geographical distribution patterns of microbes have been studied for years, few studies have focused on urban soils. Urbanization may have detrimental effects on the soil ecosystem through pollution discharge and changes in urban climate. It is unclear whether urbanization-related factors have any effect on soil bacterial communities. Therefore we investigated geographical patterns of soil microbial communities in parks in 16 representative Chinese cities. The microbial communities in these 95 soil samples were revealed by 454-pyrosequencing. There were 574,442 effective sequences among the total of 980,019 16S rRNA gene sequences generated, showing the diversity of the microbial communities. Proteobacteria, Actinobacteria, Acidobacteria, Planctomycetes, Chloroflexi and Bacteroidetes were found to be the six dominant phyla in all samples. Canonical correspondence analysis showed that pH, followed by annual average precipitation, annual average temperature, annual average relative humidity and city sunshine hours, Mn and Mg were the factors most highly correlated with the bacterial community variance. Urbanization did have an effect on bacterial community composition of urban park soils but it contributed less to the total variance compared with geographical locations and soil properties, which explained 6.19% and 16.78% of the variance, respectively. PMID:24117629

Xu, Hui-Juan; Li, Shun; Su, Jian-Qiang; Nie, San'an; Gibson, Valerie; Li, Hu; Zhu, Yong-Guan

2014-01-01

57

Chicago Park District  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Chicago Park District is one of the largest municipal park systems in the United States, containing over 8,100 acres of green space. All told, the District has 580 parks, including two city conservatories, a number of historic lagoons, and the iconic Clarence Buckingham Memorial Fountain. This website allows visitors the opportunity to learn about the District's mission, history, and long-range planning for existing parks and potential new sites. On the homepage, visitors can use the Find a Park feature to learn about these diverse spaces. Additionally, they can use the I Want To area to learn about park permits, volunteering, and reporting problems within the park system. The Events area is quite a find, as visitors can learn about some of the hundreds of events sponsored each year by the District. Finally, visitors can also use the Doing Business area to learn about the various entrepreneurial activities which are possible via the District.

2013-01-01

58

Isolation and identification of 1,23-dihydroxyl-24,25,26,27-tetranorvitamin Dâ, a new metabolite of 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin Dâ produced in rat kidney  

Microsoft Academic Search

A new metabolite of vitamin Dâ was produced in vitro by perfusing rat kidneys with 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin Dâ (4 x 10⁻⁶M). It was isolated and purified from the lipid extract of the kidney perfusate by high-performance liquid chromatography. By means of ultraviolet absorption spectrophotometry, mass spectrometry, chemical derivatization, and chemical synthesis, the new metabolite was identified as 1,23-dihydroxy-24,25,26,27-tetranorvitamin Dâ. Along with

G. S. Reddy; K. Y. Tserng; B. R. Thomas; R. Dayal; A. W. Norman

1987-01-01

59

Foresight in innovation policy: Shared visions for a science park and business–university links in a city region  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper describes the process and outcomes of an exercise that used the ‘success scenario’ methodology to develop a shared vision of the future of business-university linkages in the city region of Manchester. The aim was to link the strategies of the four universities in the area (and in particular those of the two research universities that were in the

Jennifer Cassingena Harper; Luke Georghiou

2005-01-01

60

Urban region parks and black minorities: Subculture, marginality, and interracial relations in park use in the Detroit metropolitan area  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper compares participation in Detroit city parks and surrounding regional parks by black and white Detroit residents. Black Detroit residents participate more than whites in Detroit city parks, but less than whites in surrounding region parks. The paper explores a variety of explanations for these findings including “marginality”; (economic barriers), subcultural preferences, and interracial relations. Marginality plays some role

Patrick C. West

1989-01-01

61

Structures of MART-1[subscript 26/27?35] Peptide/HLA-A2 Complexes Reveal a Remarkable Disconnect between Antigen Structural Homology and T Cell Recognition  

SciTech Connect

Small structural changes in peptides presented by major histocompatibility complex (MHC) molecules often result in large changes in immunogenicity, supporting the notion that T cell receptors are exquisitely sensitive to antigen structure. Yet there are striking examples of TCR recognition of structurally dissimilar ligands. The resulting unpredictability of how T cells will respond to different or modified antigens impacts both our understanding of the physical bases for TCR specificity as well as efforts to engineer peptides for immunomodulation. In cancer immunotherapy, epitopes and variants derived from the MART-1/Melan-A protein are widely used as clinical vaccines. Two overlapping epitopes spanning amino acid residues 26 through 35 are of particular interest: numerous clinical studies have been performed using variants of the MART-1 26-35 decamer, although only the 27-35 nonamer has been found on the surface of targeted melanoma cells. Here, we show that the 26-35 and 27-35 peptides adopt strikingly different conformations when bound to HLA-A2. Nevertheless, clonally distinct MART-1{sub 26/27-35}-reactive T cells show broad cross-reactivity towards these ligands. Simultaneously, however, many of the cross-reactive T cells remain unable to recognize anchor-modified variants with very subtle structural differences. These dichotomous observations challenge our thinking about how structural information on unligated peptide/MHC complexes should be best used when addressing questions of TCR specificity. Our findings also indicate that caution is warranted in the design of immunotherapeutics based on the MART-1 26/27-35 epitopes, as neither cross-reactivity nor selectivity is predictable based on the analysis of the structures alone.

Borbulevych, Oleg Y.; Insaidoo, Francis K.; Baxter, Tiffany K.; Powell, Jr., Daniel J.; Johnson, Laura A.; Restifo, Nicholas P.; Baker, Brian M. (NIH); (Notre)

2008-09-17

62

Two-Dimensional Hydrodynamic Modeling and Analysis of the Proposed Channel Modifications and Grade Control Structure on the Blue River near Byram's Ford Industrial Park, Kansas City, Missouri  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The Blue River Channel Modification project being implemented by the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (USACE) is intended to provide flood protection within the Blue River valley in the Kansas City, Mo., metropolitan area. In the latest phase of the project, concerns have arisen about preserving the Civil War historic area of Byram's Ford and the associated Big Blue Battlefield while providing flood protection for the Byram's Ford Industrial Park. In 1996, the USACE used a physical model built at the Waterways Experiment Station (WES) in Vicksburg, Miss., to examine the feasibility of a proposed grade control structure (GCS) that would be placed downstream from the historic river crossing of Byram's Ford to provide a subtle transition of flow from the natural channel to the modified channel. The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), in cooperation with the USACE, modified an existing two-dimensional finite element surface-water model of the river between 63d Street and Blue Parkway (the 'original model'), used the modified model to simulate the existing (as of 2006) unimproved channel and the proposed channel modifications and GCS, and analyzed the results from the simulations and those from the WES physical model. Modifications were made to the original model to create a model that represents existing (2006) conditions between the north end of Swope Park immediately upstream from 63d Street and the upstream limit of channel improvement on the Blue River (the 'model of existing conditions'). The model of existing conditions was calibrated to two measured floods. The model of existing conditions also was modified to create a model that represents conditions along the same reach of the Blue River with proposed channel modifications and the proposed GCS (the 'model of proposed conditions'). The models of existing conditions and proposed conditions were used to simulate the 30-, 50-, and 100-year recurrence floods. The discharge from the calibration flood of May 15, 1990, also was simulated in the models of existing and proposed conditions to provide results for that flood with the current downstream channel modifications and with the proposed channel modifications and GCS. Results from the model of existing conditions show that the downstream channel modifications as they exist (2006) may already be affecting flows in the unmodified upstream channel. The 30-year flood does not inundate most of the Byram's Ford Industrial Park near the upstream end of the study area. Analysis of the 1990 flood (with the historical 1990 channel conditions) and the 1990 flood simulated with the existing (2006) conditions indicates a substantial increase in velocity throughout the study area and a substantial decrease in inundated area from 1990 to 2006. Results from the model of proposed conditions show that the proposed channel modifications will contain the 30-year flood and that the spoil berm designed to provide additional flood protection for the Byram's Ford Industrial Park for the 30-year flood prevents inundation of the industrial park. In the vicinity of Byram's Ford for the 30-year flood, the maximum depth increased from 39.7 feet (ft) in the model of existing conditions to 43.5 ft in the model of proposed conditions, with a resulting decrease in velocity from 6.61 to 4.55 feet per second (ft/s). For the 50-year flood, the maximum depth increased from 42.3 to 45.8 ft, with a decrease in velocity from 6.12 to 4.16 ft/s from existing to proposed conditions. For the 100-year flood, the maximum depth increased from 44.0 to 46.6 ft, with a decrease in velocity from 5.64 to 4.12 ft/s from existing to proposed conditions. When the May 15, 1990, discharge is simulated in the model of existing conditions (with the existing (2006) modified channel downstream of the study area), the maximum depth increases from 38.4 to 42.0 ft, with a decrease in velocity from 6.54 to 4.84 ft/s from existing (2006) to proposed conditions. Analysis of the results fro

Huizinga, Richard J.

2007-01-01

63

Old People in Urban Parks: An Exploratory Investigation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study examined how older adults in five large American cities use their local parks. Specifically, the study examined: (1) user motivation and satisfaction; (2) logistics of park use; (3) onsite behavior and attitudes; and (4) criticisms of the park environment. Implications for park management are given. (Author/PP)

Godbey, Geoffrey; Blazey, Michael

1983-01-01

64

Evaluation of Revised Segmenter Performance in Aurora Image (UVI) On-Line Search Tool via Analysis of 26-27 August 1998 Storm  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

An evaluation of the performance of the Aurora On-Line Search Tool (soon to be redeployed at http://www.cs.uah.edu/aurora-ost) is presented. The evaluation considers imagery from the archive of NASA POLAR Ultraviolet Imager (UVI) data for the storm of August 26-27, 1998. The evaluation focuses on the effect of a revised method for automated auroral oval segmentation on retrievals using the tool. The revised method has been described recently (Pattern Recognition, Vol. 40, 2007) and was shown to be more robust (to the day glow present in many UVI images) than other automated segmentation schemes that have been applied to the very large set of (millions of) UVI images. The prior showing, however, was limited to comparison of pixel differences, which are not searchable indices for the retrieval tool. Here, the performance is evaluated by comparison of an actually-searchable key, auroral power. The comparison here may thus be more indicative of the scientific value of the new segmentation method, as incorporated in the Aurora On-Line Search Tool.

Newman, T.; Joshi, M. L.; Germany, G. A.; Wood, B. A.

2009-12-01

65

Isolation of a new anti-inflammatory 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27-octanorcucurbitacin-type triterpene from Ibervillea sonorae.  

PubMed

A new cucurbitane-type triterpene, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27-octanorcucurbita-5-ene-3, 11, 16-trione (1), named kinoin D, was isolated from the roots of the medicinal plant Ibervillea sonorae, (wereque). The structure of 1 was established on the basis of extensive NMR and MS studies. In addition, the known kinoins B (3) and C (5) were isolated, as were 16alpha-20,25-trihydroxy-3alpha-(2-O-alpha-L-rhamnopyranosiyl-D-glucopyranosyloxy)-(10alpha)-cucurbit-5-en-11,22-dione (6), (22S)-16alpha,22-diacetoxy-20,25-dihydroxy-3alpha-[3,4,6-tri-O-acetyl-2-O-(2,3,4-tri-O-acetyl-alpha-L-rhamnopyranosyl)-beta-glucopyranosyl]-(10alpha)-cucurbita-5,23t-dien-11-one (7) and 16alpha-acetoxy-20,25-dihydroxy-3alpha-[3,4,6-tri-O-acetyl-2-O-(2,3,4,-tri-O-acetyl-alpha-L-rhamnopyranosyl)-beta-D-glucopyranosyl]-(10alpha)-cucurbita-5-ene-11,22-dione (8). Compound 1 exhibited anti-inflammatory activity in TPA-induced edema in mice. PMID:24660451

Jardón-Delgado, Angel; Magos-Guerrero, Gil Alfonso; Martínez-Vázquez, Mariano

2014-01-01

66

Isolation and identification of 1,23-dihydroxy-24,25,26,27-tetranorvitamin D3, a new metabolite of 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 produced in rat kidney.  

PubMed

A new metabolite of vitamin D3 was produced in vitro by perfusing rat kidneys with 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 (4 X 10(-6) M). It was isolated and purified from the lipid extract of the kidney perfusate by high-performance liquid chromatography. By means of ultraviolet absorption spectrophotometry, mass spectrometry, chemical derivatization, and chemical synthesis, the new metabolite was identified as 1,23-dihydroxy-24,25,26,27-tetranorvitamin D3. Along with the new metabolite, three other previously identified metabolites, namely, 1,24,25-trihydroxyvitamin D3, 1,25-dihydroxy-24-oxovitamin D3, and 1,23,25-trihydroxy-24-oxovitamin D3, were also isolated. The new metabolite was also formed when 1,23,25-trihydroxy-24-oxovitamin D3 was used as the substrate. Thus, the new metabolite fits into the following metabolic pathway: 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3----1,24(R),25-trihydroxyvitamin D3----1,25-dihydroxy-24-oxovitamin D3----1,23,25-trihydroxy-24-oxovitamin D3----1,23-dihydroxy-24,25,26,27-tetranorvitamin D3. Further, we used 1 alpha,25-dihydroxy[1 beta-3H]vitamin D3 in the kidney perfusion system and demonstrated 1,23-dihydroxy-24,25,26,27-tetranorvitamin D3 as the major further metabolite of 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3, circulating in the final perfusate when kidneys were perfused with 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 (6 X 10(-10) M) for 4 h. The biological activity of 1,23-dihydroxy-24,25,26,27-tetranorvitamin D3 (C-3 alcohol) and its metabolic relationship to 1-hydroxy-23-carboxy-24,25,26,27-tetranorvitamin D3 (calcitroic acid or C-23 acid), the other previously identified side-chain cleavage metabolite of 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3, are unknown and are presently undergoing investigation. PMID:3828305

Reddy, G S; Tserng, K Y; Thomas, B R; Dayal, R; Norman, A W

1987-01-13

67

A retrospective analysis of the Shinmoedake (Japan) eruption of 26-27 January 2011 by means of Japanese geostationary satellite data  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

During the sub-plinian eruptions of Mt. Shinmoedake (Japan) on 26-27 January 2011 a significant amount of ash was emitted into the atmosphere, destroying thousands of hectares of farm land, causing air traffic disruption, and forcing the closure of four railroad lines located around the volcano. In this work, a retrospective analysis of these eruptive events is presented, exploiting the high temporal resolution of the Japanese Multi-functional Transport Satellites (MTSAT) data to study thermal volcanic activity, to identify and track volcanic ash, and to determine the cloud-top height, inferring information about eruption features and space-time evolution. We show that a strong and sudden increase in the thermal signal occurred at Mt. Shinmoedake as a consequence of above mentioned eruptive events, generating hot spots timely detected by the RSTVOLC algorithm for the first time implemented here on data provided by geostationary satellites. This study also shows that the emitted ash plume, identified by means of the RSTASH algorithm, strongly fluctuated in altitude, reaching a maximum height around 7.4 km above sea level, in agreement with information provided by the Tokyo VAAC. The plume heights derived in this work, by implementing the widely accepted cloud-top temperature method, appear also compatible with the values provided by independent weather radar measurements, with the main differences characterizing the third sub-plinian event that occurred in the afternoon of 27 January. The estimates of discharge rate, the temporal trend of ash affected areas, and the results of thermal monitoring reported in this work seem to indicate that the third sub-plinian event was the least intense. In spite of some limitations, this study confirms the potential of Japanese geostationary satellites in effectively monitoring volcanoes located in the West Pacific region, providing continuous information also about such critical parameters of ash clouds as the plume height. Such information is useful not only for driving numerical models, forecasting ash dispersion into the atmosphere, but also for characterizing eruption features and dynamics.

Marchese, F.; Falconieri, A.; Pergola, N.; Tramutoli, V.

2014-01-01

68

Prospect Park  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

While many readers may be aware that trees grow in Brooklyn, few may be cognizant of the fact that, yes, a forest grows in Brooklyn. This urban forest just happens to be in the boroughâÂÂs own lovely Prospect Park, designed by those giants of landscape architects, Frederick Law Olmsted and Calvert Vaux. Often overlooked by some who are primarily concerned with that other large swath of green in the middle of Manhattan, Prospect Park contains a 90-acre meadow, a zoo, a celebrated performing arts festival, and a lake. Visitors to the Prospect Park Alliance website can learn all about these things, and also delve into the parkâÂÂs history. Those planning a visit may wish to look at the âÂÂGeneral Infoâ and âÂÂPlaces To Goâ sections for a selection of brief descriptions and photographs. For those seeking a historical perspective the âÂÂHistory & Natureâ area is delightful. Here visitors can learn about the parkâÂÂs historical development and creation, and learn more about those individuals responsible for the parkâÂÂs design and aesthetic appeal. Finally, visitors should look at the online exhibit âÂÂA Glimpse Of Prospect Parkâ for a bit of visual perspective on the parkâÂÂs history.

Prospect Park (New York, N.Y.)

69

I.D. 1730-1-00, Park Freeway and Spur, (North Sherman Boulevard to North Twelfth Street), City of Milwaukee, Milwaukee County, Wisconsin.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The project under consideration is the Park Freeway and Spur, a 2.7 mile portion of the Milwaukee County Expressway System. The western terminus of this project is at Sherman Boulevard between North Avenue and Meinecke Avenue, and is designed to connect w...

1973-01-01

70

Nevada Division of State Parks  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Based in Carson City, the Nevada Division of State Parks helps to preserve and promote notable parts of the Nevada natural and cultural environment. One of the goals of their website is to provide visitors with "an introduction to the other side of Nevada, the side that is wild scenic and full of western history." First-time visitors may wish to click on the "State parks map" area to learn more about the location of the state parks, and the interactive map also includes direct links to each site. Scholars and students of park management will want to click on over to the "Park General and Resource Management Plans" area. Here they can learn about the completed general management plans for parks such as the Mormon Station and the Valley of Fire, and learn about plans that are currently under review. Visitors looking for helpful information about upcoming events can look over the "Other Park News!" area on the right hand side of the homepage. Finally, there's also detailed information about park fees, several photo galleries, and news releases.

71

Jackson Park Hospital Green Building Medical Center.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Jackson Park Hospital completed the construction of a new Medical Office Building on its campus this spring. The new building construction has adopted the City of Chicago's recent focus on protecting the environment, and conserving energy and resources, w...

N. Vasquez W. Dorsey

2010-01-01

72

Parks Canada  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The national park system of Canada is extensive, stretching from Baffin Island to areas in British Columbia. The stated goal of the system is "to establish a system of national parks that represents each of Canada's distinct natural regions." First-time visitors to the site can use the Introduction area to learn more about the system, and there's also a Planning Your Visit link that's quite helpful. The basic document that most users will want to check out here is titled "National Parks System Plan" and it offers a broad overview of the 39 national parks in Canada. Visitors can learn about parks such as Aulavik, Prince Edward Island, and others by clicking over to the Find a National Park area. Naturalists and scientists can use the Species at Risk area to learn about what the Canadian government is doing to protect species such as the whooping crane and the seaside centipede lichen. Finally, the site is rounded out by the Managing Human Use link which talks about their long-range plans to ensure that the parks maintain a balance between visitors and conserving the natural areas.

2008-10-27

73

Design of Parking Lots and Garages.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Layout, control, and sign posting in the design of parking facilities is discussed emphasizing self parking and automated control. Considerations such as site, traffic, function of the facility, city codes, and sizes are related to design considerations. Traffic control factors are related to the direction and placement of cars and the collection…

McConochie, William R.

74

Seattle Parks & Recreation Sherwood History Files  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Seattle Parks & Recreation Sherwood History Files are the work of one Donald N. Sherwood, who worked as an engineer for the department for 22 years. In the course of his work, he began compiling sketch maps of the parks, and annotating them with historical tidbits and other pieces of information. Also, he began writing individual histories for each facility when the information didn't quite fit on the maps. This site afford interested parties access to these remarkable and truly unusual documents. All told, there are over 80 separate files here, documenting unique pieces of the Seattle parks landscape, including Alki Beach Park, Golden Gardens Park, and the celebrated Gas Works Park on Lake Union. For anyone with an interest in parks and recreation management or the Emerald City, this site will be a most welcome find.

2012-02-14

75

Jackson Park Hospital Green Building Medical Center  

SciTech Connect

Jackson Park Hospital completed the construction of a new Medical Office Building on its campus this spring. The new building construction has adopted the City of Chicago�s recent focus on protecting the environment, and conserving energy and resources, with the introduction of green building codes. Located in a poor, inner city neighborhood on the South side of Chicago, Jackson Park Hospital has chosen green building strategies to help make the area a better place to live and work.

William Dorsey; Nelson Vasquez

2010-03-01

76

Speciation of Heavy Metals in Geological Matter of the Serbian National Parks, Protected Areas and Cities Within the Danube River Basin After the War Conflict in 1999  

Microsoft Academic Search

In order to assess the effects of the 1999 NATO bombing of Serbia on the environment, some of the most widespread and feared\\u000a pollutants, including heavy metals were determined in various sediment samples that were taken from three areas hit by bombing\\u000a and were previously well-known for its unpolluted environment. Samples of soil and sediments from Fruska Gora National Park

Aleksandar Popovic; Dragana Djordjevic; Dubravka Relic; Zorka Vukmirovic; Aleksandra Mihajlidi-Zelic; Predrag Polic

77

Park Shorelines  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This webpage of the National Park Service (NPS) and United States Geological Survey (USGS) discusses the environments of coastlines - the narrow strips of land where national parks meet the sea. It covers the formation of waves and beaches, as well as how beaches move through longshore drift. Also included are plans for paper models of island coral reefs, which include shield volcanoes, fringing reefs, barrier reefs, and atolls.

78

Isolation and identification of 1,23-dihydroxyl-24,25,26,27-tetranorvitamin D/sub 3/, a new metabolite of 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D/sub 3/ produced in rat kidney  

SciTech Connect

A new metabolite of vitamin D/sub 3/ was produced in vitro by perfusing rat kidneys with 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D/sub 3/ (4 x 10/sup -6/M). It was isolated and purified from the lipid extract of the kidney perfusate by high-performance liquid chromatography. By means of ultraviolet absorption spectrophotometry, mass spectrometry, chemical derivatization, and chemical synthesis, the new metabolite was identified as 1,23-dihydroxy-24,25,26,27-tetranorvitamin D/sub 3/. Along with the new metabolite, three other previously identified metabolites, namely, 1,24,25-trihydroxyvitamin D/sub 3/, 1,25-dihydroxy-24-oxovitamin D/sub 3/, and 1,23,25-trihydroxy-24-oxovitamin D/sub 3/, were also isolated. The new metabolite was also formed when 1,23,25-trihydroxy-24-oxovitamin D/sub 3/ was used as the substrate. Thus, the new metabolite fits into the following metabolic pathway: 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D/sub 3/ ..-->.. 1,24 (R),25-trihydroxyvitamin D/sub 3/ ..-->.. 1,25-dihydroxy-24-oxovitamin D/sub 3/ ..-->.. 1,23,25-trihydroxy-24-oxovitamin D/sub 3/ ..-->.. 1,23-dihydroxy-24,25,26,27-tetranorvitamin D/sub 3/. Further, they used 1..cap alpha..,25-dihydroxy(1..beta..-/sup 3/H)vitamin D/sub 3/ in the kidney perfusion system and demonstrated 1,23-dihydroxy-24,25,26,27-tetranorvitamin D/sub 3/ as the major further metabolite of 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D/sub 3/, circulating in the final perfusate when kidneys were perfused with 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D/sub 3/. The biological activity of 1,23-dihydroxy-24,25,26,27-tetranorvitamin D/sub 3/ (C-23 alcohol) and its metabolic relationship to 1-hydroxy-23-carboxy-24,25,26,27-tetranorvitamin D/sub 3/ are unknown and are presently undergoing investigation.

Reddy, G.S.; Tserng, K.Y.; Thomas, B.R.; Dayal, R.; Norman, A.W.

1987-01-13

79

Urban parks as green walls or green magnets? Interracial relations in neighborhood boundary parks  

Microsoft Academic Search

A recent paper in this journal (Solecki and Welch, 1995) describes how urban parks that lie between racially different neighborhoods can become “green walls” or barriers to use and appreciation. Although this phenomenon is well grounded in the experience of many who plan for, manage, and live near parks in racially and ethnically segregated cities, an analysis of the authors'

Paul H. Gobster

1998-01-01

80

Park Search  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Its never too early to begin planning your summer vacation, especially in the depths of winter; those with cabin fever can get a jump on their outdoor recreation plans at this site, provided by L.L. Bean. Users can search this database of over 1,400 state and national parks, forests, and wildlife refuges by state, region, and/or activities in which they are interested (including winter sports for all-season recreators). Search returns include contact information, an overview of the park/ forest and its highlights, photos, and a list of approved or available activities.

81

Lincoln Park Neighborhood Collection  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Today, the Lincoln Park neighborhood on Chicago's North Side is a relatively affluent area, complete with Victorian mansions and rather tony elevator apartment buildings. By the late 1940s, the area was experiencing the same type of urban disinvestment as other inner-city neighborhoods throughout the United States. In the early 1960s, the city of Chicago, working with funds from the federal government, began an ambitious urban renewal program designed to reduce the density of the built environment in the community and to remove "blighted" properties. This excellent collection from the DePaul University Libraries Digital Collections contains over 400 documents related to this ambitious project, including maps, zoning documents, policy statements, neighborhood organization planning documents, and photographs. First-time visitors may wish to start with the first document here, "A Brief Explanation of the Urban Community Conservation Act." Moving on, visitors can view the rest of the documents by title, thumbnail, subject, and brief description.

82

Park Smart  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Parking Garage Automation System (PGAS) is based on a technology developed by a NASA-sponsored project called Robot sensorSkin(TM). Merritt Systems, Inc., of Orlando, Florida, teamed up with NASA to improve robots working with critical flight hardware at Kennedy Space Center in Florida. The system, containing smart sensor modules and flexible printed circuit board skin, help robots to steer clear of obstacles using a proximity sensing system. Advancements in the sensor designs are being applied to various commercial applications, including the PGAS. The system includes a smartSensor(TM) network installed around and within public parking garages to autonomously guide motorists to open facilities, and once within, to free parking spaces. The sensors use non-invasive reflective-ultrasonic technology for high accuracy, high reliability, and low maintenance. The system is remotely programmable: it can be tuned to site-specific requirements, has variable range capability, and allows remote configuration, monitoring, and diagnostics. The sensors are immune to interference from metallic construction materials, such as rebar and steel beams. Inside the garage, smart routing signs mounted overhead or on poles in front of each row of parking spots guide the motorist precisely to free spaces.

1999-01-01

83

Crystal Structures of HLA-A*0201 Complexed with Melan-A/MART-1[subscript 26(27L)-35] Peptidomimetics Reveal Conformational Heterogeneity and Highlight Degeneracy of T Cell Recognition  

SciTech Connect

There is growing interest in using tumor associated antigens presented by class I major histocompatibility complex (MHC-I) proteins as cancer vaccines. As native peptides are poorly stable in biological fluids, researchers have sought to engineer synthetic peptidomimetics with greater biostability. Here, we demonstrate that antigenic peptidomimetics of the Melan-A/MART-1{sub 26(27L)-35} melanoma antigen adopt strikingly different conformations when bound to MHC-I, highlighting the degeneracy of T cell recognition and revealing the challenges associated with mimicking native peptide conformation.

Douat-Casassus, Celine; Borbulevych, Oleg; Tarbe, Marion; Gervois, Nadine; Jotereau, Francine; Baker, Brian M.; Quideau, Stphane (CNRS-UMR); (Nantes); (Notre)

2010-10-07

84

Barry Bridge Park: A New Look at Chester's Unique Recreational Resource.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Commodore Barry Bridge Delaware River Access park (Barry Bridge Park), located in Chester City, provides the only public boat launch facility along Delaware County's twelve mile stretch of riverfront. Because of limited access to the water for public ...

1996-01-01

85

Theodore Roosevelt National Park  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This National Park Service website contains information on: the park history; park activities such as hiking and camping; and natural history such as the wildlife, geology and paleontology of the park. The kids' section contains coloring pages, a park trivia quiz, reference sections on the wildlife and natural history of the park, and information on Theodore Roosevelt and his involvement in the Badlands. There are also images of the wildlife and scenery of the park.

86

Guidelines to Improve Existing Parks and Playgrounds for all People through Planned Revisions. An Interim Report to the Community. A Study by the County of Monroe - City of Rochester Technology Transfer Program.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The objective of the project was to produce a set of guidelines that could be used by park and playground planners to determine if revisions to a park will increase that park's usability by handicapped citizens, and also to determine if such changes will ...

1978-01-01

87

THE SMART CITY INFRASTRUCTURE DEVELOPMENT & MONITORING  

Microsoft Academic Search

The smart city infrastructure is the introductory step for establishing the overall smart city framework and architecture. Very few smart cities are recently established across the world. Some examples are: Dubai, Malta, Kochi (India), Singapore. The scope of these cities is mainly limited to construct a technology park converting the industrial real estate to state of the art information technology

Mahmoud AL-HADER; Ahmad RODZI

2009-01-01

88

Park It!  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The difference between an architect and an engineer is sometimes confusing because their roles in building design can be similar. Students experience a bit of both professions by following a set of requirements and meeting given constraints as they create a model parking garage. They experience the engineering design process first-hand as they design, build and test their models. They draw a blueprint for their design, select the construction materials and budget their expenditures. They also test their structures for strength and find their maximum loads.

Integrated Teaching And Learning Program And Laboratory

89

A Cross-Sectional Study Examining the Prevalence and Risk Factors for Anti-Microbial-Resistant Generic Escherichia coli in Domestic Dogs that Frequent Dog Parks in Three Cities in South-Western Ontario, Canada.  

PubMed

Anti-microbial resistance can threaten health by limiting treatment options and increasing the risk of hospitalization and severity of infection. Companion animals can shed anti-microbial-resistant bacteria that may result in the exposure of other dogs and humans to anti-microbial-resistant genes. The prevalence of anti-microbial-resistant generic Escherichia coli in the faeces of dogs that visited dog parks in south-western Ontario was examined and risk factors for shedding anti-microbial-resistant generic E. coli identified. From May to August 2009, canine faecal samples were collected at ten dog parks in three cities in south-western Ontario, Canada. Owners completed a questionnaire related to pet characteristics and management factors including recent treatment with antibiotics. Faecal samples were collected from 251 dogs, and 189 surveys were completed. Generic E. coli was isolated from 237 of the faecal samples, and up to three isolates per sample were tested for anti-microbial susceptibility. Eighty-nine percent of isolates were pan-susceptible; 82.3% of dogs shed isolates that were pan-susceptible. Multiclass resistance was detected in 7.2% of the isolates from 10.1% of the dogs. Based on multilevel multivariable logistic regression, a risk factor for the shedding of generic E. coli resistant to ampicillin was attending dog day care. Risk factors for the shedding of E. coli resistant to at least one anti-microbial included attending dog day care and being a large mixed breed dog, whereas consumption of commercial dry and home cooked diets was protective factor. In a multilevel multivariable model for the shedding of multiclass-resistant E. coli, exposure to compost and being a large mixed breed dog were risk factors, while consumption of a commercial dry diet was a sparing factor. Pet dogs are a potential reservoir of anti-microbial-resistant generic E. coli; some dog characteristics and management factors are associated with the prevalence of anti-microbial-resistant generic E. coli in dogs. PMID:23802858

Procter, T D; Pearl, D L; Finley, R L; Leonard, E K; Janecko, N; Reid-Smith, R J; Weese, J S; Peregrine, A S; Sargeant, J M

2014-06-01

90

Climate Regulation by Urban Parks (Mexico)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Urban parks play an important role in cities; they regulate the environmental conditions because of its microclimate and human comfort (15°C-20°C for temperature and 30%-50% for humidity). The park coverage is quite important to preserve a good life quality, the World Health Organization (WHO) suggests a surface of 9 to 11m2/hab. In Mexico, the urbanization has drastically changed the landscape. It has become much more important to build economical and profitable spaces rather than increase the vegetal coverage. The city of Toluca is one of the most important cities in Mexico with an urban growth rate high, which represents a barely vegetation of 4m2/hab. The aim of this study was to analyze the climate effect that urban parks have in the city of Toluca. This was reached by temperature and moisture measurements in urban parks and nearby areas during autumn-winter period, 2012-2013.It was performed 20 measurements trough inside and outside transects of 4 parks with a HM70 Hand-Held Humidity (±0.60…100%) and Temperature Meter (±0.2°C). The transected areas were divided into homogeneous sections (e.g. same vegetation). To determine the possible microclimate similarities between park sections, a cluster analysis was made. In general, it was found that temperature can be decreased whilst moisture can be increased in a range of 1-3°C and 4-8% respectively. The cluster analysis made possible to perceive that these variation ranges are due to several factors such as: traffic jam, the amount of pedestrians, vegetal coverage and water bodies as well as hour and season in where transects were performed. Finally, the study allows features proposing that parks must have in order to optimize the human comfort.

Bobadilla Lagunas, E.; Mastachi-Loza, C. A.; Arévalo Mejía, R.; Magaña-Lona, D.; Romero Contreras, T.

2013-05-01

91

2. Historic American Buildings Survey, National Park Service, San Francisco ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

2. Historic American Buildings Survey, National Park Service, San Francisco Re-photo: May 1940 - Miners' Union Hall, West side B Street, between Union & Sutton Streets, Virginia City, Storey County, NV

92

SOUTHEAST SIDE, TAKEN FROM LOWER PARKING LOT, WITH ABUTTING FACILITY ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

SOUTHEAST SIDE, TAKEN FROM LOWER PARKING LOT, WITH ABUTTING FACILITY 346 IN FOREGROUND. - U.S. Naval Base, Pearl Harbor, Joint Intelligence Center, Makalapa Drive in Makalapa Administration Area, Pearl City, Honolulu County, HI

93

Aerial view showing US 93, Switchyards, Visitor Center Parking Garage, ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

Aerial view showing US 93, Switchyards, Visitor Center Parking Garage, Hoover Dam, and Colorado River Canyon in Nevada - Hoover Dam, Spanning Colorado River at Route 93, Boulder City, Clark County, NV

94

Executive Summary June 26-27, 2003  

Cancer.gov

Harold Seifried, Program Director, Division of Cancer Prevention (DCP), Nutritional Sciences Research Group (NSRG), National Cancer Institute (NCI), welcomed participants to the conference and characterized the conference as an informative and broad presentation of the state-of-the-science in antioxidant research. The field of antioxidant research is controversial and confusing to many clinicians as the results of some studies conflict with others, making simple conclusions as to efficacy and safety difficult.

95

Establish the intelligent city system and realize its level analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

The intelligent city system was presented in this paper to cover the requirement of urban development. Currently, most cities fell into a troubled state with the urban problems, such as traffic, parking, garbage-treatment etc. However, most cities in the world still concentrated on the building of the elementary stage of city informatization. The intelligent city system was centering on knowledge,

Peng Lu; Tao Zhang

2010-01-01

96

Grand Teton National Park  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This National Park Service website provides a trip planner, information on natural and cultural history, publications, a park fact sheet for students, park maps, student bibliography, and a newspaper for kids. There is information on the geology, rock formations, mountain building, volcanism, and glaciation of the Teton Range. Educational resources for students and teachers consist of links to other National Park Service sites.

97

Hazards in the City  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this interactive activity adapted from the National Library of Medicine, explore the environmental hazards that might be found at various locations within cities and towns, including construction sites, factories, homes, hospitals, offices and stores, parks, restaurants, rivers and lakes, schools, and vehicles. A background essay, discussion questions, and standards correlations are also provided.

2010-10-04

98

3. 1939 DROP STRUCTURE IN DEL MAR PARK SURMOUNTED BY ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

3. 1939 DROP STRUCTURE IN DEL MAR PARK SURMOUNTED BY RECENT PEDESTRIAN BRIDGE. - Highline Canal, Sand Creek Lateral, Beginning at intersection of Peoria Street & Highline Canal in Arapahoe County (City of Aurora), Sand Creek lateral Extends 15 miles Northerly through Araphoe County, City & County of Denver, & Adams County to its end point, approximately 1/4 mile Southest of intersectioin of D Street & Ninth Avenue in Adams County (Rocky Mountain Arsenal, Commerce City Vicinity), Commerce City, Adams County, CO

99

2. COURSE OF THE LATERAL THROUGH DEL NORTHWEST MAR PARK. ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

2. COURSE OF THE LATERAL THROUGH DEL NORTHWEST MAR PARK. - Highline Canal, Sand Creek Lateral, Beginning at intersection of Peoria Street & Highline Canal in Arapahoe County (City of Aurora), Sand Creek lateral Extends 15 miles Northerly through Araphoe County, City & County of Denver, & Adams County to its end point, approximately 1/4 mile Southest of intersectioin of D Street & Ninth Avenue in Adams County (Rocky Mountain Arsenal, Commerce City Vicinity), Commerce City, Adams County, CO

100

APPEAL OF PUBLIC WORKS COMMISSION'S DENIAL OF HANDICAPPED PARKING SPACE ON MONTEREY BOULEVARD Recommendation  

Microsoft Academic Search

It is recommended that the City Council consider the request for appeal of the Public Works Commission's denial of a handicapped parking space on Monterey Boulevard. Summary: Last year Ms. Marilyn Boussaid requested a handicapped parking space in front of her home at 1521 Monterey Boulevard. At that time, there were no other spaces provided for handicapped parking on that

Richard D. Morgan; Stephen R. Burrell

2005-01-01

101

Glacier National Park  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is the homepage of Glacier National Park. Users can access materials on the park's ecology and environment (plants and animals, biodiversity and air quality, geology, and fires), the culture and history of the park, park activities, and publications on naturalist activities. There are also video clips of park wildlife and scenery, a photo gallery, and live webcams. Links are provided to additional information, such as research activities on bear DNA and global climate change.

102

Wind Cave National Park  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This National Park Service website contains environmental education units for elementary and middle school students which consist of activities centered around an environmental theme. These themes include biodiversity, habitats, natural adaptation, patterns and order in nature, environmental cycles and change, interactions and interdependence within an ecosystem, and water in the environment. There is also information on: planning a visit to the park; the wildlife, geology, cave exploration and paleontology of the park; the park history; and the role of fire in the park.

103

Olympic Park Recreational Reserve Reserve Management Plan  

Microsoft Academic Search

This document is a Management Plan for the Olympic Park Reserve within Waitakere and Auckland Cities. The Plan has been developed as a guide for the protection, use and development of the Reserve, with an emphasis on managing its organised and informal recreation while recognising its cultural heritage and ecological rehabilitation opportunities.

104

Teen Advocates for a Neighborhood Park  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Learn how 18-year-old Misra and her teen advocacy group, A.C.T.I.O.N., successfully lobbied for a bus route to take her community’s residents to a hard-to-reach city park, in this video from Earth Island Institute's New Leaders Initiative.

Foundation, Wgbh E.

2011-07-01

105

The Bronx Park Postcard Collection  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Over the years since its origins in the late 1880s, the Bronx Park has been expanded several times. In 1891, the city of New York allotted 250 acres of the park to the New York Botanical Garden, and in 1897 assigned 250 more to the Bronx Zoo. This particular digital collection brings together postcards of the grounds held by the Wildlife Conservation Society Library and the Garden's LuEsther T. Mertz Library. The collection here includes over 450 postcards, which visitors can browse by subject headings, including Zoo animals, Paths and walkways, and Bronx River. The Zoo animals area is well worth a look, as it features a range of animals, including a Noah's Ark exhibit, camels, and Indian elephants. It's an amazing archive of documents related to one of the most famous zoos in the United States, and historians and others will find it quite marvelous.

106

Effects of forest structure on the distribution of southern flying squirrels ( Glaucomys volans ) in urban parks  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although southern flying squirrels (Glaucomys volans) are present in many urban parks, squirrel-habitat relationships in such areas are poorly understood, limiting conservation efforts. Our objective was to quantify the effects of forest structure at multiple scales on flying squirrel distribution in New York City (NYC) parks. From 18 June–24 August 2001, we captured flying squirrels in 5 New York City

Erin M. Keefe; William M. Giuliano

2004-01-01

107

Smart Parking and the Connected Consumer. Opportunities for Facility Operators and Municipalities.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The worlds first parking meter was installed in Oklahoma City on July 16, 1935. Since that time, drivers have been rummaging for change and ticking off the minutes remaining before time to feed the meter. In some cities, maintain parking meters costs more...

R. Neelakantan S. H. Bayless

2012-01-01

108

Geology and Mineral Resources of the North Absaroka Wilderness and Vicinity, Park County, Wyoming, with Sections on Mineralization of the Sunlight Mining Region and Geology and Mineralization of the Cooke City Mining District, and a Section on Aeromagnetic Survey  

USGS Publications Warehouse

SUMMARY The North Absaroka Wilderness is approximately 560 square miles (1,450 km 2 ) of rugged scenic mountainous terrain that adjoins the eastern boundary of Yellowstone National Park in northwestern Wyoming. The area was studied during 1970, 1971, and 1972 by personnel of the U. S. Geological Survey and the U. S. Bureau of Mines to evaluate its mineral-resource potential as required by the Wilderness Act of 1964. This evaluation is based on a search of the literature courthouse and production records, geologic field mapping, field inspection of claims and prospects, analyses of bedrock and stream-sediment samples, and an aeromagnetic survey. The North Absaroka Wilderness is underlain almost entirely by andesitic and basaltic volcanic rocks of Eocene age. These volcanics rest on deformed sedimentary rocks of Paleozoic and, locally, of Mesozoic age that are exposed at places along the northern and eastern edges of the wilderness. Dikes and other igneous intrusive bodies cut both the volcanic and sedimentary rocks. A nearly flat detachment fault, the Heart Mountain fault, and a related steep break-away fault have displaced middle and upper Paleozoic rocks and some of the older part of the volcanic sequence to the southeast. A much greater thickness of volcanic rocks was found to be involved in Heart Mountain faulting than had previously been recognized; however, most of the volcanic rocks and many of the intrusives were emplaced after Heart Mountain faulting. Local folding and high-angle faulting in mid-Eocene time have deformed all but the youngest part of the volcanic sequence in the southeastern part of the wilderness. This deformation is interpreted as the last pulse of Laramide orogeny. The results of this study indicate that the mineral-resource potential of the wilderness is minimal. Bentonite, petroleum, low-quality coal, and localized deposits of uranium and chromite have been produced in the surrounding region from rocks that underlie the volcanic rocks; but such deposits, if present in the wilderness, would be too deeply buried, too small, or too sporadically distributed to be profitably located and exploited. Copper and gold mines and prospects are present on the fringes of the wilderness, but otherwise the area seems to be devoid of economically valuable concentrations of metallic minerals. No surface evidence of geothermal-energy potential was found. Known mineral deposits in the vicinity of the North Absaroka Wilderness are associated with intrusive rocks. From the Cooke City mining district, just north of the wilderness, replacement deposits in Upper Cambrian carbonate rocks may extend a short distance into the north edge of the wilderness, In the Sunlight mining region, an enclave nearly surrounded by the wilderness, mineralization occurs in veins and is disseminated in volcanic and plutonic rocks. Richer concentrations of metallic minerals may occur in carbonate rocks adjacent to intrusive bodies at depth beneath the volcanic rocks in the Sunlight region. A few small intrusive bodies occur in the wilderness, but no significant associated mineralization was detected. Aeromagnetic data indicate that other intrusives not exposed by erosion may occur in the wilderness; however, no significant metamorphism or alteration is evident at the surface to indicate their presence. Although most of the rocks of the wilderness are of igneous origin, they are all so old (Eocene) that it is unlikely that they retain any original heat. The Pleistocene rhyolitic ash-flow tuffs in the southwestern part of the wilderness were erupted from sources in Yellowstone National Park just to the west; however, in the wilderness these tuffs are too thin to contain any residual heat.

Nelson, Willis H.; Prostka, Harold J.; Williams, Frank E.; Elliott, James E.; Peterson, Donald L.

1980-01-01

109

Life in the City  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This fun Web site is part of OLogy, where kids can collect virtual trading cards and create projects with them. Here, they take a close-up look at biodiversity in a city park. The site opens by telling kids that, despite appearances, a great deal of biodiversity exists in cities. From tiny mites to mighty trees, thousands of species thrive there. It then takes them to a slice of life from a thriving city park, where they are asked to find 10 hidden critters living alongside the trees, plants, and insects. Each time they locate one of the tiny critters, they are rewarded with a quick look at its importance to the habitat.

110

26,26,26,27,27,27-Hexadeuterated-1,25-Dihydroxyvitamin D3 (1,25D-d6) As Adjuvant of Chemotherapy in Breast Cancer Cell Lines  

PubMed Central

It has been demonstrated that 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 (1,25D) and some of its analogues have antitumor activity. 1,25D labeled with deuterium (26,26,26,27,27,27-hexadeuterated 1?,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3, or 1,25D-d6) is commonly used as internal standard for 1,25D liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS) quantification. In the present study using human breast cancer cell lines, the biological activity of 1,25D-d6 administered alone and in combination with two commonly used antineoplastic agents, 5-fluorouracil and etoposide, was evaluated. Using an MTT assay, flow cytometry, and western blots, our data demonstrated that 1,25D-d6 has effects similar to the natural hormone on cell proliferation, cell cycle, and apoptosis. Furthermore, the combination of 1,25D-d6 and etoposide enhances the antitumoral effects of both compounds. Interestingly, the antitumoral effect is higher in the more aggressive MDA-MB-231 breast cancer cell line. Our data indicate that 1,25D-d6 administered alone or in combination with chemotherapy could be a good experimental method for accurately quantifying active 1,25D levels in cultures or in biological fluids, on both in vitro breast cancer cell lines and in vivo animal experimental models.

Seoane, Samuel; Bermudez, Maria A.; Sendon-Lago, Juan; Martinez-Ordonez, Anxo; Abdul-Hadi, Soraya; Maestro, Miguel; Mourino, Antonio; Perez-Fernandez, Roman

2013-01-01

111

Acadia National Park: Teachers  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This National Park Service website contains information on: saving the habitats of peregrine falcons; the water cycle; becoming a junior ranger; and ranger-led school programs, which contain student field activities about the history, biology and geology of the park. Teacher resources include information on a library for educators at the visitor center of the park and teacher guides for preparing to visit the park. The kids' section explains what rangers do, gives tips on leaving no trace in the park, provides a history of Mount Desert Island, and contains an activity to match some park animals to their habitats.

112

Feasibility Study of Economics and Performance of Solar Photovoltaics at the Peru Mill Industrial Park in the City of Deming, New Mexico. A Study Prepared in Partnership with the Environmental Protection Agency for the RE-Powering America's Land Initiative: Siting Renewable Energy on Potentially Contaminated Land and Mine Sites  

SciTech Connect

The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), in accordance with the RE-Powering America's Land initiative, selected the Peru Mill Industrial Park site in the City of Deming, New Mexico, for a feasibility study of renewable energy production. The National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) provided technical assistance for this project. The purpose of this report is to assess the site for a possible photovoltaic (PV) system installation and estimate the cost, performance, and site impacts of different PV options. In addition, the report recommends financing options that could assist in the implementation of a PV system at the site.

Kiatreungwattana, K.; Geiger, J.; Healey, V.; Mosey, G.

2013-04-01

113

Tour of Park Geology: Cave and Karst Parks  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This Park Geology site provides links to tours of individual National Parks, Monuments, and Recreation Areas with caves and other karst features. Where appropriate, park sites contain park geology information, maps, photographs, geologic research, related links, visitor information, multimedia resources, and teacher features (resources for teaching geology with National Park examples). The list includes places such as Carlsbad Caverns National Park, Mammoth Cave National Park, Sequoia National Park, and the Ozark National Scenic Riverways.

114

Yellowstone Park  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Thirteen years after devastating forest fires burned over 1.6 million acres in Yellowstone National Park, the scars are still evident. In this simulated natural color ASTER image, burned areas appear gray, in contrast to the dark green of unburned forests. The image covers an area of 60 x 63 km. This image was acquired on July 2, 2001 by the Advanced Spaceborne Thermal Emission and Reflection Radiometer (ASTER) on NASA's Terra satellite. With its 14 spectral bands from the visible to the thermal infrared wavelength region, and its high spatial resolution of 15 to 90 meters (about 50 to 300 feet), ASTER images Earth to map and monitor the changing surface of our planet.

ASTER is one of five Earth-observing instruments launched December 18, 1999, on NASA's Terra satellite. The instrument was built by Japan's Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry. A joint U.S./Japan science team is responsible for validation and calibration of the instrument and the data products.

The broad spectral coverage and high spectral resolution of ASTER will provide scientists in numerous disciplines with critical information for surface mapping, and monitoring of dynamic conditions and temporal change. Example applications are: monitoring glacial advances and retreats; monitoring potentially active volcanoes; identifying crop stress; determining cloud morphology and physical properties; wetlands evaluation; thermal pollution monitoring; coral reef degradation; surface temperature mapping of soils and geology; and measuring surface heat balance.

Dr. Anne Kahle at NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, California, is the U.S. Science team leader; Bjorn Eng of JPL is the project manager. The Terra mission is part of NASA's Earth Science Enterprise, a long- term research effort to understand and protect our home planet. Through the study of Earth, NASA will help to provide sound science to policy and economic decision-makers so as to better life here, while developing the technologies needed to explore the universe and search for life beyond our home planet.

Size: 60 x 63 km (37.2 x 39.1 miles) Location: 44.7 deg. North lat., 110.7 deg. West long. Orientation: North at top Image Data: ASTER bands 1,2, and 3. Original Data Resolution: 15 m Date Acquired: July 2, 2001

2002-01-01

115

Canyonlands National Park. State of the Parks.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Located on the Colorado Plateau in southeastern Utah, Canyonlands National Park preserves 337,598 acres of diverse natural and cultural treasures. The park is home to 628 species of vascular plants, 31 fish (although most of these are non-native), ten amp...

2004-01-01

116

City, region, and in between: New York City's water supply and the insights of regional history.  

PubMed

Urban historians have greatly expanded their geographical purview in recent years, incorporating suburbs and hinterlands into their analysis of social and environmental change. Urban environmental historians and suburban historians have played a critical role in the regionalization of urban history over the last decade. This case study of the development of New York City’s water supply reveals the benefits of taking a regional approach to urban history. From the New York Public Library to Central Park’s Great Lawn to neighborhood parks, the New York City landscape bears the traces of the continuous development of the city’s water network. Expansion of the water system in rural hinterlands enabled municipal officials to put urban reservoirs to new uses, creating some of the city’s most beloved public spaces. The rehabilitation of urban infrastructure underscores the intimate linkages between rural development and the urban built environment. PMID:22826891

Soll, David

2012-01-01

117

Carlsbad Caverns National Park  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This National Park Service (NPS) website contains details about Carlsbad Caverns National Park in New Mexico. It highlights the natural resources of the park, such as the wilderness, wildlife and caves. The geologic history and formation of caves is covered in detail. There is a teacher's guide with activities, field trip ideas, and factsheets about the park. Topics covered include rocks, erosion, speleothems, mapping caves, fossils, plants and animals, cave bats and fire. Links are provided for more information.

118

National Park Service Careers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This booklet provides profiles of career opportunities in the National Park Service. Careers profiled include park ranger, park police, guard, administrator, design and construction, and maintenance, trade and craft positions, and other opportunities. Each career description includes information on some or all of the following: duties; location;…

National Park Service (Dept. of Interior), Washington, DC.

119

Name That Park  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this online interactive, learners are introduced to the basic function of Geographic Information System (GIS) maps in relation to national parks. Recognizable park boundaries are presented and learners are given the option to add layers such as lakes, rivers and visitor centers, until the learner is able to identify the park map from a list of choices.

Service, National P.

2013-05-15

120

NATIONAL PARK BOUNDARIES  

EPA Science Inventory

The National Park Service has produced a data base of boundaries for its National Parks. A copy of this data was downloaded from the National Parks Service ftp site by Region 10. These digital boundaries represent the best guess and data that could be collected in a short time....

121

Great Basin National Park  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This National Park Service site describes the biology of Great Basin's plants and animals; geology and ecology of the Lehman Caves; air quality of the park; and past human activities in the Great Basin such as farming, ranching, and gold mining. There is a list of historical, geological, and archeological dates important to the park and an instructor guide containing activities such as creating a nature notebook and adopting a tree. There is also information on: planning a visit to the park and the Lehman Caves, park projects such as weeding out non-native plants and the reintroduction of Bonneville Cutthroat Trout, and a self-guided geology field trip.

122

Theme Park Insider  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

As summer enters full swing, more and more people will travel to America's numerous amusement parks and traveling carnivals. Quite a few of these people would do well to take a look at the Theme Park Insider website for reviews of various parks and the best (and worst) attractions at each particular place of amusement before they venture onto the open road. Edited by Robert Niles, the site contains reviews of new amusement park rides, an "Accident Watch" (which documents the latest accidents at each park), and reviews of theme park hotels as well. The site also has a number of discussion boards for visitors to chime in with their own take on a number of topics, such as which rides have the longest rides and general amusement park lore.

Niles, Robert.

123

The National Park Service  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is the homepage of the National Park Service. It features links to subpages on special topics such as Parks and Recreation, which inludes links to individual national park pages, and History and Culture, which includes archeological, anthropological, and historical material. The Nature and Science pages feature classroom materials and information on the uses of science in protecting and restoring park ecosystems and research projects which are being conducted in the park system. The Interpretation and Education pages include games, online activities, and material for younger students who are researching park topics, as well as classroom materials for teachers. There are also links to the Park Service online bookshop, news articles, and special features.

124

75 FR 12731 - Foreign-Trade Zone 204-Tri-Cities Area, Tennessee/Virginia; Application for Expansion  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...consists of the following sites in the Tri-Cities Area of Tennessee and...1 (977 acres)--within the Tri-Cities Regional Airport complex, Blountville (Sullivan County...Business Park, adjacent to the Tri-Cities Regional Airport,...

2010-03-17

125

City of Cambridge: CityViewer  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

What is the best way to experience the city of Cambridge, Massachusetts? You could read a history of Harvard University, take a walking tour, or perhaps browse a topical website. But why not look at the Cambridge CityViewer for edification? This unique tool "allows the public to view, query, mark up, and print custom maps using only a web browser." Notedly, the viewer works best with Internet Explorer or Mozilla Firefox. Visitors can check out ten different topical overlays, including those dealing with city parks, construction projects, land parcels, sewers, zoning, and traffic. There are many ways to get started, such as performing a simple search, an advanced search, or even just by typing in a street name and number. For anyone with an interest in urban history, planning, and land use, this site is a rare treat.

126

Tennessee State Parks  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

People might know Tennessee for its fabulous Great Smoky Mountains, but have you ever heard of the Cedars of Lebanon or Fall Creek Falls? Oh yes, those two gems are just a small part of the Tennessee State Park system. After looking at some of the beautiful images on the Tennessee State Parks homepage, visitors can explore the Popular Places People Want to Go section to get a taste of the diverse hiking trails, restaurants, camp sites, and other features that are contained throughout the park system. Visitors can also look over over a dozen topical areas, including What to do?, Park Information, and Resource Management. Policy enthusiasts will appreciate the "Estimated Economic Impacts of Tennessee State Parks" report, that is also featured on the homepage, and travelers will love the "Upcoming Events at Tennessee State Parks" area, as it provides a taste of what they might expect on a visit to the Volunteer State.

127

Mammoth Cave National Park  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This National Park Service website contains an online park guide, cave tour information, park maps and news, photographs of the caves and trails, and an educational section. Educational resources include planning a field trip to Mammoth Cave, curricula for teachers, fact sheets for kids, an environmental educational program, a glossary of cave terms, information on becoming a Mammoth Cave Junior Ranger, and links to other cave education sites.

128

A Desert Park  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This National Park Service site describes the desert and oasis ecosystems of Joshua Tree National Park as well as the cultural history of humans occupying the area. Nature sections describe the animals, plants, cryptobiotic crusts, and the geology of the park. There are sections on environmental factors such as air quality, disturbed lands, exotic species and fire ecology. There is also information on natural history and cultural history education programs provided for different grade levels.

129

Petrified Forest National Park  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This National Park Service website offers reference sections on: park wildlife such as reptiles, pronghorns, and the Gunnison prairie dog; the archaeology of park petroglyphs, including some that may be solar calendars; the geology and main features of the Painted Desert; paleontology, which describes dinosaurs of the area; and petrified wood, which explains the petrification process and how the different colors of petrified wood are produced. There are also tips for avoiding diseases such as hantavirus, the plague, and rabies while in the park.

130

Public Health Assessment for Petitioned Public Health Assessment, Allen Park Clay Mine, Allen Park, Wayne County, Michigan, Region 5. CERCLIS No. MID980568711.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Allen Park Clay Mine (APCM) landfill is in Wayne County, Michigan, within the city limits of Allen Park. The Ford Motor Company developed a clay mine on the site before 1956. Since 1956, the clay excavations have been backfilled with wastes from the F...

1994-01-01

131

Associations between Body Mass Index and Park Proximity, Size, Cleanliness and Recreational Facilities  

PubMed Central

Purpose To determine whether body mass index (BMI) is associated with proximity to neighborhood parks, the size of the parks, their cleanliness and the availability of recreational facilities in the parks. Design Cross-sectional. Setting New York City. Subjects 13,102 adults (median age 45 years, 36% male) recruited from 2000–2002. Measures Anthropometric and socio-demographic data from study subjects were linked to Department of Parks & Recreation data on park space, cleanliness, and facilities. Neighborhood level socio-demographic and park proximity metrics were created for half-mile radius circular buffers around each subject’s residence. Proximity to park space was measured as the proportion of the subject’s neighborhood buffer area that was total park space, large park space (a park > 6 acres) and small park space (a park <=6 acres). Analysis Hierarchical linear models were used to determine whether neighborhood park metrics were associated with BMI. Results Higher proximity to large park space was significantly associated with lower BMI (beta = ?1.69 95% CI = ?2.76, ?0.63). Across the population distribution of proximity to large park space, compared to subjects living in neighborhoods at the 10th percentile of the distribution, the covariate adjusted average BMI was estimated to be 0.35 kg/m2 lower for those living in neighborhoods at the 90th percentile. The proportion of neighborhood area that was small park space was not associated with BMI, nor was park cleanliness or the availability of recreational facilities. Conclusions Neighborhood proximity to large park spaces is modestly associated with lower BMI in a diverse urban population.

Quinn, James; Lovasi, Gina; Bader, Michael; Yousefzadeh, Paulette; Weiss, Christopher; Neckerman, Kathryn

2013-01-01

132

Amusement Park Physics  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Students will research various types of amusement park rides and use their findings to design a feasible ride of their own. They will summarize their findings and present their ride design to the class. Each student will then write a persuasive letter to a local amusement park describing the reasons their ride design is the best.

Fox, Janet

2012-06-25

133

Yellowstone National Park Facts  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This Yellowstone National Park website provides a fact sheet with a wide range of physical and cultural information. Key topics include general park facts, wildlife, flora, geology, Yellowstone Lake, cultural resources, visitation, facilities, roads, trails, and the latitude/longitude of several significant features.

Park, Yellowstone N.

134

Yellowstone National Park Interactive Map  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This Yellowstone National Park Map is a handy way to quickly find locations and buildings located in the park. It is currently the most detailed map of Yellowstone national park that can be viewed online. The pull down menu has Yellowstone features such as geyser basins, campgrounds, trails, mountains, and historical points and park structures. Popular geysers, and park locations such as Norris geyser basin, Yellowstone visitor centers, park housing, lodging, and park dining can be easily found. All Yellowstone National Park named structures are indexed so you can easily find the sites that you want to locate.

Census, Nps S.

135

Defunct Amusement Parks  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

While there are many sites on existing amusement parks, this particular Web site contains detailed information on "pleasure palaces" that have gone out of business or that have since been demolished. Created and maintained by Joel Styer, the site features an interactive map of the United States that allows visitors to click on any one of the states to find out information about now-defunct amusement parks. Many of the former parks have additional material available for viewing, such as photographs, postcards, and brief essays and personal remembrances. Also, there is an extensive links page, which directs visitors to other sites dealing with different aspects of amusement park memorabilia such as popular rides from the past and newsgroups. The site also has different contact information for persons seeking to donate materials and recollections related to amusement parks.

1995-01-01

136

Parking and routing information system phase 1 evaluation -- Individual evaluation test plans.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A parking and routing information system (PARIS) is being designed and deployed at a test site on the Mountain Home Veterans Administration campus in Johnson City, Tennessee using three sensor technologies. The purpose of the PARIS project is to demonstra...

R. J. Carter

1997-01-01

137

Nature in the city, city in the nature: case studies of the restoration of urban nature in Tokyo, Japan and Toronto, Canada  

Microsoft Academic Search

Increasing demands for the restoration of nature in cities have led planners to seek an effective form, configuration and maintenance scheme for parks and open spaces in urban areas. This paper aims to introduce two contrasting examples of ways that planners have met the challenge of restoring nature in the city. It takes Tokyo Bay Bird Sanctuary Park (TBBSP), Tokyo,

Makoto Yokohari; Marco Amati

2005-01-01

138

The feasibility about logistics park being set up in the source of agricultural product industry chain  

Microsoft Academic Search

Countryside is the source of agricultural product industry chain, but agricultural product logistics park usually be located in cities. The agricultural product has its own features; its logistics sets higher level and special request for the service processes. After analyzing the advantages and disadvantages of urban and countryside for location of agricultural product logistics park, the result shows that countryside

Ling Liu; Yu-zhe Wang; Yao-qiu Wang

2010-01-01

139

Cultural Landscape Report for Glenmont, Thomas Edison National Historical Park West Orange, new Jersey.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

As part of Thomas Edison National Historical Park, Glenmont is located within the historic residential community of Llewellyn Park, in the township of West Orange, New Jersey, approximately fifteen miles of New York City. The 15.67-acre estate (historic p...

H. E. Foulds M. Commisso R. Marques

2010-01-01

140

A framework based on vision sensors for the automatic management of exchange parking areas  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper proposes a framework for the automatic management of exchange parking areas, usually located in the periphery of large cities. These parks are used for medium\\/long period stops of private or public vehicles and the subsequent sorting of passengers to public transportation networks. The objective of this paper is to analyze and stress the potential of a framework that

Ludovico Catani; Emanuele Frontoni; Primo Zingaretti

2010-01-01

141

National Park Service Travel Itinerary: Richmond, Virginia  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The National Park Service's Heritage Education Services has created a number of educational and interesting travel itineraries for destinations around the United States. Here they invite you to explore Richmond, Virginia, but you don't have to actually travel to Richmond to enjoy the itinerary for this site as it provides a wealth of valuable information on this historically and architecturally rich city. The site includes four essays including "Antebellum Architecture in Richmond" and "Richmond's African American Heritage" which shouldn't be missed. In addition, they provide a list of sites all of which include brief histories and photos of various sites not to be missed in Richmond. Overall, the site provides an interesting look into the city of Richmond and may encourage a future visit to this capital city.

2008-01-01

142

Heterogeneity and differentiation of the tree florain three major land uses in Guangzhou City, China  

Microsoft Academic Search

The tree flora of humid-tropical Guangzhou city in south China was studied to understand its composition and variations. Aerial photographs identified three major urban-forest types in three land uses: institutional, park and roadside. Data on 115 064 trees in 246 species were statistically analyzed. Park and roadside areas have lower species richness than institutional forest. Park habitat has re- latively

C. Y. Jim

2002-01-01

143

Kruger National Park  

... and to the right of image center is the Palabora Copper Mine, and the water body near upper right is Lake Massingir in Mozambique. ... South Africa showing Kruger Park, the Palabora Copper Mine, and Lake Massingir. project:  MISR category:  ...

2013-04-15

144

Jurassic Park Safety Audit  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Using the first 30 minutes of the film Jurassic Park, the student will audit it for violations of safety rules and regulations, OSHA violations, and violations of HASP's. Access to the activity required free and quick registration with ATEEC.

2007-09-18

145

The National Park Service: Park Geology  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

A National Park Service (NPS) site primarily composed of three main sections corresponding to the following program areas within the Geologic Resources Division (GRD): Disturbed Lands Restoration and Abandoned Mineral Lands (AML), Mineral Management Programs, and Geology and Soils Programs. Of these, the first two consist principally of textual resources pertaining to Park System procedures, policies, and regulations - as well as reports on example restoration projects with a focus on stream corridor restoration, bioengineering, riparian management, and revegetation. Perhaps of most interest to educators will be the third main program area, the Geology and Soils Programs section. Here are included textual resources pertaining to NPS-GRD programs on cave and karst formations, coastal and shoreline geology, paleontology, soils (e.g., soil biology and soil surveying), geological indicators (geoindicators), and stratigraphy. Lastly, a searchable photographic collection and geologic glossary are available.

146

Geology Fieldnotes: Great Basin National Park, Nevada  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This Great Basin National Park site contains park geology information, park maps, visitor information, and teacher features (educational resources and links for teaching geology using National Park examples). The park geology section discusses the region's biogeography, glacial history, and the Lehman Caves. A park map and a features/relief map of the Great Basin National Park are included.

147

Photocopy of photograph (original photograph located in the National Park ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

Photocopy of photograph (original photograph located in the National Park Service, U.S.S. Arizona Memorial, 14th Naval District Photograph Collection), 14th ND PHOG No. 15233. U.S. Navy photograph, 1942. VIEW SHOWS CONSTRUCTION OF DRYDOCK NO. 3 (FACILITY S781). - U.S. Naval Base, Pearl Harbor, Waterfront Facilities, Various locations throughout base, Pearl City, Honolulu County, HI

148

Terrain Park Injuries  

PubMed Central

Background: This study examined demographics, injury pattern, and hospital outcome in patients injured in winter resort terrain parks. Methods: The study included patients ?12 years of age who presented to a regional trauma center with an acute injury sustained at a winter resort. Emergency department (ED) research assistants collected patient injury and helmet use information using a prospectively designed questionnaire. ED and hospital data were obtained from trauma registry and hospital records. Results: Seventy-two patients were injured in a terrain park, and 263 patients were injured on non-terrain park slopes. Patients injured in terrain parks were more likely to be male [68/72 (94%) vs. 176/263 (67%), p<0.0001], younger in age [23 ± 7 vs. 36 ± 17, p<0.0001], live locally [47/72 (65%) vs. 124/263 (47%), p=0.006], use a snowboard [50/72 (69%) vs. 91/263 (35%), p<0.0001], hold a season pass [46/66 (70%) vs. 98/253 (39%), p<0.0001], and sustain an upper extremity injury [29/72 (40%) vs. 52/263 (20%), p<0.001] when compared to patients injured on non-terrain park slopes. There were no differences between the groups in terms of EMS transport to hospital, helmet use, admission rate, hospital length of stay, and patients requiring specialty consultation in the ED. Conclusions: Patients injured in terrain parks represent a unique demographic within winter resort patrons. Injury severity appears to be similar to those patients injured on non-terrain park slopes.

Moffat, Craig; McIntosh, Scott; Bringhurst, Jade; Danenhauer, Karen; Gilmore, Nathan; Hopkins, Christy L.

2009-01-01

149

Synthesis and crystal structure of bis[(7,9-diaza-3,14-dithiatetracycle[15,4,0,0 4,5,0 13,14]nonacosa-1(17),18,20,4(22),23,25,13(26),27,29-nonaene)chlorocopper(II)] tetrachlorodicuprate(I) bismethanol. Atypical non-planar conformation of the [Cu 2Cl 4] 2? anion  

Microsoft Academic Search

A doubly complex salt containing the atypical non-planar CuI dimeric anion [Cu2Cl4]2? and a CuII containing macrocyclic cation has been synthesized starting from CuCl2·2H2O and a new N2S2 type macrocycle 7,9-diaza-3,14-dithiatetracycle [15,4,0,04,5,013,14]nonacosa-1(17),18,20,4(22),23,25,13(26),27,29-nonaene. The structure of the complex was determined by X-ray crystallography.

Reijo Sillanpää

1995-01-01

150

Parking Structures and the Space Race.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents some solutions to overcrowded parking on college campuses. Tips on selecting sites for parking garages, making parking decks blend with adjacent communities, and turning parking garages into multi use facilities are addressed. (GR)

Milshtein, Amy

2000-01-01

151

The Economics of Parking: Road Congestion and Search for Parking  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines the bene…ts of pricing of parking for a central planner and for private operators. We treat on street parking as a common property resource. Without pricing, con- gestion will be excessive close to the destination, and will fall omore rapidly that is socially optimal. The optimal pattern is attained under private ownership if each owner controls parking

Simon P. Andersonyand; André de Palmaz

152

Glacier (?) National Park  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This activity engages learners in examining data pertaining to the disappearing glaciers in Glacier National Park. After calculating percentage change of the number of glaciers from 1850 (150) to 1968 (50) and 2009 (26), students move on to the main glacier-monitoring content of the module--area vs. time data for the Grinnell Glacier, one of 26 glaciers that remain in the park. Using a second-order polynomial (quadratic function) fitted to the data, they extrapolate to estimate when there will be no Grinnell Glacier remaining (illustrating the relevance of the question mark in the title of the module).

Mcllrath, University O.; Curriculum/serc, Spreadsheets A.

153

Central Park East and Its Graduates: "Learning by Heart." The Series on School Reform.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book describes New York City's Central Park East (CPE) Elementary School, which provides inner city children with the highest quality educators and pedagogy and is considered one of the most academically enriching U.S. schools. The book gives voice to young adults who emerged from poverty as a result of powerful experiences within CPE.…

Bensman, David

154

Harmony Park: A Decision Case on Gardening on a Brownfield Site  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In March of 2009, Mr. John Holloway and his neighbors in the Harmony Park district of Kansas City, MO, were excited to begin gardening on a vacant city lot in their neighborhood. The neighborhood, like many in urban areas, had once been residential interspersed with small establishments including restaurants, shops, and businesses such as auto…

Harms, Ashley Marie Raes; Presley, DeAnn Ricks; Hettiarachchi, Ganga M.; Attanayake, Chammi; Martin, Sabine; Thien, Steven J.

2014-01-01

155

Fredrickson Park: From Toxic Hazard to Community Science Education Center  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Fredrickson Park is an on-going venture, the result of collaborative planning and development in South Bend, Indiana. This city park lies within a low-income residential neighborhood not far from the University of Notre Dame and until recently was a casual dump, an eye-sore, and a toxic hazard. Through a unique coalition of community organizations, the area has been converted to a prairie-ecosystem park available for community use, has become the home of the administrative offices of the Boy Scouts of America-LaSalle Council, and is the pilot site for curriculum-based field trips for children in the South Bend Community Schools with Notre Dame, Saint Mary's, and Indiana University-South Bend students assisting. Priority plans include enhanced nature and physical fitness trails with expanded earth and space science inquiry stations for school, Scout, and community use. In addition, a scale model of the Solar System is planned to start at the park and extend into the heart of the city. Fredrickson Park is a community success serving South Bend students and families through formal and informal science education.

Craft, R. P.; Warren, J.; Bridges, P. J.; Gilot, G.; St. Clair, P.; Sakimoto, P. J.

2008-06-01

156

Recycle City  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Recycle City contains an interactive city map that demonstrates how residents of every section of the city, formerly Dumptown, have recycled, reduced, and reused waste to turn their town around. There is a Dumptown Game with a Control Center to monitor displays while Dumptown changes as waste reduction programs are put in place. Students can create their own Recycle City scavenger hunt or go to the Activities area and see other ways to put Recycle City to use to help protect the environment.

1997-01-01

157

Park Policy for the Future  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Current problems within the national parks are detailed and the author determines the crux of the problems to be the inability of the National Park Service to control concessionnaires and resist pressure from natural resource developers. Changes in future national parks policy stressing more planning are advocated. (BT)

Haefele, Mina Hamilton

1976-01-01

158

Peppy's Day in the Park  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this math activity, learners build Peppy the dog the best trail and park for running around. Learners calculate the perimeter and area of Peppy's park and modify the shape of the park to observe how the perimeter and area change. This activity guide contains a material list, sample questions to ask, literary connections, extensions, and alignment to local and national standards.

Houston, Children'S M.

2004-01-01

159

Research of Auxiliary Parking System  

Microsoft Academic Search

Design an auxiliary parking system based on fuzzy control on the basis of ultrasonic radar system. It could give an auxiliary instruction to drivers when parking through fuzzy reasoning of distance and gradient. The simulation results show the validity of this system. The decision-making is in line with the parking rules.

Cheng Anyu; Dai Hongda

2010-01-01

160

Ambient air concentrations of fine (PM2.5) manganese in U.S. national parks and in California and Canadian cities: the possible impact of adding MMT to unleaded gasoline.  

PubMed

The October 1995 court decision allowing Ethyl Corporation to offer methylcyclopentadienyl manganese tricarbonyl (MMT) for sale to refiners for introduction into unleaded gasoline as an octane enhancer is likely to result in increased fine (PM2.5) manganese (Mn) concentrations in ambient air. Concern exists regarding possible health effects. In this paper, recent fine Mn concentrations in three monitoring networks and one U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) study of personal exposure are analyzed. One network consists mainly of rural sites in national parks in the United States, a second consists mainly of urban sites in California, and the third consists mainly of urban sites in Canada where MMT has been used for a number of years. During the late 1980s and early 1990s, mean ambient concentrations ranged from 1 ng/m3 in the mostly rural network to 3 ng/m3 in the mostly urban California network to 12 ng/m3 in the MMT-impacted Canadian network. Several lines of evidence suggested that some of the fine Mn observed in the United States during the 1986-1992 period was contributed by automobiles using leaded gasoline, for which MMT was a registered fuel additive. However, the near-disappearance of leaded gasoline has resulted in a very small portion of fine Mn being attributed to automobiles in the years since 1992. A source apportionment analysis suggested that crustal contributions to ambient fine Mn are on the order of 1-2 ng/m3 in both the United States and Canada. PMID:9180062

Wallace, L; Slonecker, T

1997-06-01

161

The Clover Park Story  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes an aviation trades training program offered by the Clover Park schools in Washington which exposes students to all facets of the aviation industry from record keeping to air traffic control in addition to the specific skill of piloting the aircraft. (BR)

Norris, Don

1974-01-01

162

Parking and routing information system phase 1 evaluation -- Data management and quality control/quality assurance plans.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A parking and routing information system (PARIS) is being designed and deployed at a test site on the Mountain Home Veterans Administration campus in Johnson City, Tennessee using three sensor technologies. The purpose of the PARIS project is to demonstra...

R. J. Carter

1997-01-01

163

Effects of Construction of Liberty State Park on Hydraulic Characteristics of New York Harbor. Hydraulic Model Investigation.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

An existing comprehensive physical model that correctly reproduced tides, tidal currents, and density currents throughout the entire New York Harbor was used to determine the effects of constructing a proposed State park complex on the Jersey City waterfr...

R. F. Athow R. A. Boland

1976-01-01

164

Using GIS and GPS to Document Locations of Avian and Mammalian Species in Carara and Corcovado National Parks, Costa Rica  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background In order to analyze the populations of a particular species, fieldwork in a designated study area is required. Our study will take place in two Costa Rican National Parks: Carara and Corcovado. Both parks are located on the country's Pacific Coast. Carara is 52 km west of San Jose, Costa Rica's capital city, and Corcovado is located on the

Art Simpson; Jessica Fletcher

165

Science Trips, Guide to Environmental Resources in New York City.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Utilizing city resources as a supplement to the elementary school science curriculum is the goal of this guide for elementary teachers. It is designed to extend the walls of the classroom by illustrating educational resources, facilities, and exhibits available in zoos, museums, botanical gardens, aquariums, and open parks within New York City

New York City Board of Education, Brooklyn, NY.

166

1. VIEW OF ATLANTIC CITY LOOKING NORTHNORTHWEST, THE MARLBOROGH, BLENHEIM, ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

1. VIEW OF ATLANTIC CITY LOOKING NORTH-NORTHWEST, THE MARLBOROGH, BLENHEIM, AND DENNIS HOTELS ARE IN THE FOREGROUND TO THE LEFT OF THE HIGHRISE CLARIDGE HOTEL IN THE CENTER OF THE PHOTOGRAPH - Marlborough, Blenheim & Dennis Hotels (aerial views), Between Park Place, Michigan Avenue & Boardwalk, Atlantic City, Atlantic County, NJ

167

2. VIEW OF ATLANTIC CITY LOOKING NORTHNORTHWEST, THE MARLBOROUGH, BLENHEIM ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

2. VIEW OF ATLANTIC CITY LOOKING NORTH-NORTHWEST, THE MARLBOROUGH, BLENHEIM AND DENNIS HOTELS ARE IN THE FOREGROUND TO THE LFET OF THE HIGHROSE CLARIDGE HOTEL IN THE CENTER OF THE PHOTOGRAPH - Marlborough, Blenheim & Dennis Hotels (aerial views), Between Park Place, Michigan Avenue & Boardwalk, Atlantic City, Atlantic County, NJ

168

Cities Guide  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

From The Economist, their Cities Guide offers practical information ranging from accommodations to insider tips on getting around various US and world cities. A very nice touch are areas like the City Briefing section (top news stories, history pieces, and other tidbits) and the Being There area (subtopics include how to kill an hour and gifts to take home). City Guide also contains sections on cultural events, shopping, history, facts, and much more. [REB].

2001-01-01

169

Lincoln Park Architectural Photographs  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Lincoln Park neighborhood in Chicago is home to a number of architectural landmarks, including 19th century mansions with bold mansard roofs, a former seminary on the grounds of DePaul University, and other delights. In 2000, DePaul sociologist Wanda Harold set out to photograph a number of these unique structures. This digital collection includes 200 of her images, and this project was made possible in part through a grant from the Library Services and Technology Act. First-time visitors can get started by using a clickable map of Lincoln Park to explore the photos, and they can also browse around by architect or street. Visitors shouldn't miss the photos of the workers' cottages at 1756 N. Clybourn and 2715 N. Kenmore Avenue. Overall, the site is a nice resource for students of Chicago architecture and urban geography.

Harold, Wanda

2012-01-13

170

The energy Park  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

If world development is to continue, per capita energy use in the developing world must increase to levels in the developed world. Restrictions on how much CO2 mankind can responsibly put into the atmosphere complicate the task further. Studies show that by 2050 the world will require an additional 10-30 terawatts (TW) of carbon free power, at least as much additional, as the 10 TW generated today with fossil fuel. Neither mined uranium nor renewable energy is capable of sustained power production at this level. This paper proposes, an "energy park", a self contained unit a square mile or two in area which supplies about 7 GW of electrical power or hydrogen, emits no CO2, has little or no proliferation problem, and cleans up its own waste. Most of the energy is supplied by conventional nuclear power plants. However the nuclear fuel is bred by a fusion reactor, which is the key to the energy park. The waste cleanup is done by a combination of fission, fusion, and patience. There is neither long time storage nor long distance travel for materials with proliferation risk or long lived radio nuclides. Thus only thorium comes into the park, and only electricity and hydrogen go out.

Manheimer, Wallace

2005-10-01

171

Rocking the Parks: Geological Stories of the National Parks  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Rocking the Parks: Geological Stories of the National Parks is an online book by Richard B. Alley of Penn State Universities e-Education Institute. The site contains thirty chapters that relate geology and the US National Parks, such as plate tectonics and Death Valley, volcanoes and Yellowstone, and glaciers and Yosemite. Each Adobe Acrobat (.pdf) file can be downloaded and viewed free of charge.

Alley, Richard B.

172

Tour of Park Geology: Human Use Sites  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This National Park Service (NPS) site provides links to geolgy field notes about National Parks, National Monuments, and National Recreation Areas having to do with geology and human use (such as mining). Information includes geology, photographs, multimedia tools, park maps, visitor information, geologic research, and additional links. Parks covered include Klondike Gold Rush National Historic Park, Alibates Flint Quarries National Monument, and more.

173

Geology of Badlands National Park  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This page is an introduction to the 75 million years of accumulation and intermittent periods of erosion that has resulted in the Badlands National Park. The history of the Oglicene beds of the Park, one of the world's richest vertebrate fossil sites, is also described. A downloadable PDF that describes the erosion that is responsible for the geology of the Park in more detail is linked to the site.

National Park Service (NPS)

174

First report of Lagochilascaris (Nematoda: Ascarididae) eggs in a public park in Southern Brazil.  

PubMed

Public parks, especially in developing countries, are places where stray animals run free and may contaminate the environment with different species of parasites. In an evaluation of environmental sanitation of these sites, soil samples were collected monthly from public parks in the Pelotas city, Rio Grande do Sul State, Southern Brazil. Eggs of the nematode Lagochilascaris sp. were found in a public playground. This is the first report of identification of this nematode in Southern Brazil. PMID:21974947

de Moura, Micaele Quintana; Jeske, Sabrina; Gallina, Tiago; Borsuk, Sibele; Berne, Maria Elisabeth Aires; Villela, Marcos Marreiro

2012-03-23

175

Physiological and psychological responses of young males during spring-time walks in urban parks  

PubMed Central

Background It is widely believed that contact with the natural environment can improve physical and mental health. Urban green spaces may provide city residents with these benefits; however, there is a lack of empirical field research on the health benefits of urban parks. Methods This field experiment was performed in May. Seventeen males aged 21.2?±?1.7 years (mean?±?standard deviation) were instructed to walk predetermined 15-minute courses in an urban park and a nearby city area (control). Heart rate and heart rate variability (HRV) were measured to assess physiological responses. The semantic differential (SD) method, Profile of Mood States (POMS), and State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI) were used to measure psychological responses. Results Heart rate was significantly lower while walking in the urban park than while walking in the city street. Furthermore, the urban park walk led to higher parasympathetic nervous activity and lower sympathetic nervous activity compared with the walk through the city street. Subjective evaluations were generally in accordance with physiological reactions, and significantly higher scores were observed for the ‘comfortable’, ‘natural’, and ‘relaxed’ parameters following the urban park walk. After the urban park walk, the score for the ‘vigor’ subscale of the POMS was significantly higher, whereas that for negative feelings such as ‘tension-anxiety’ and ‘fatigue’ was significantly lower. The score for the anxiety dimension of the STAI was also significantly lower after the urban park walk. Conclusions Physiological and psychological results from this field experiment provide evidence for the physiological and psychological benefits of urban green spaces. A brief spring-time walk in an urban park shifted sympathetic/parasympathetic balance and improved mood state.

2014-01-01

176

An Empirical Study of the School Zone Law in Three Cities in Massachusetts.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study of the 1989 Massachusetts' School Anti-Drug law reviewed 443 drug dealing cases in three cities. After selecting cities and drug dealing cases, researchers reviewed District Attorney case files and extracted selected data items (primarily from police reports). They mapped incident locations, schools, and parks in the cities; computed…

Brownsberger, William N.; Aromaa, Susan

177

Photocopy of photograph (original photograph located in National Park Service, ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

Photocopy of photograph (original photograph located in National Park Service, U.S.S. Arizona Memorial, 14th Naval District Photograph Collection), 14th ND PHOG No. N.H. 82807. U.S. Navy photograph, September 1942. FACILITY 250 UNDER CONSTRUCTION, BEFORE TWO ADDITIONAL WOOD-FRAMED STORIES WERE ADDED TO THE ROOF. - U.S. Naval Base, Pearl Harbor, Headquarters, Commander-in-Chief of the Pacific Fleet, Intersection of Halawa & Makalapa Drives, Makalapa Administration Area, Pearl City, Honolulu County, HI

178

Photocopy of photograph (original photograph located in National Park Service, ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

Photocopy of photograph (original photograph located in National Park Service, U.S.S. Arizona Memorial, 14th Naval District Photograph Collection), PHOG No. P.H. 3309-42. U.S. Navy photograph, 1942. BEGINNING CONSTRUCTION ON THE BOMBPROOF POWER PLANT (FACILITY 177) AT HOSPITAL POINT. - U.S. Naval Base, Pearl Harbor, Bombproof Facilities, Various locations throughout base, Pearl City, Honolulu County, HI

179

Photocopy of photograph (original photograph located in National Park Service, ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

Photocopy of photograph (original photograph located in National Park Service, U.S.S. Arizona Memorial, 14th Naval District Photograph Collection), PHOG No. P.H. 3470-42. U.S. Navy photograph, August 1942. INTERIOR VIEW OF THE HOSPITAL POINT POWER PLANT (FACILITY 177). - U.S. Naval Base, Pearl Harbor, Bombproof Facilities, Various locations throughout base, Pearl City, Honolulu County, HI

180

Photocopy of photograph (original photograph located in the National Park ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

Photocopy of photograph (original photograph located in the National Park Service, U.S.S. Arizona Memorial, 14th Naval District Photograph Collection), 14th ND PHOG No. P.H. 4175-42. U.S. Navy photograph, 1942. THE NAVAL SUPPLY DEPOT?S HUGE FUELING PIER (FACILITY H1-H4) HELPED KEEP THE FLEET MOVING DURING WORLD WAR II. - U.S. Naval Base, Pearl Harbor, Waterfront Facilities, Various locations throughout base, Pearl City, Honolulu County, HI

181

Photocopy of photograph (original photograph located in the National Park ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

Photocopy of photograph (original photograph located in the National Park Service, U.S.S. Arizona Memorial, 14th Naval District Photograph Collection), 14th ND Temp. No. 890. U.S. Navy photograph, circa 1935. CONSTRUCTION OF THE REPAIR BASIN (FACILITIES B12 THROUGH B21) PROCEEDED QUICKLY AS DID THE ERECTION OF THE 200-TON HAMMERHEAD CRANE (BASE VISIBLE ON LEFT). - U.S. Naval Base, Pearl Harbor, Waterfront Facilities, Various locations throughout base, Pearl City, Honolulu County, HI

182

Photocopy of photograph (original photograph located in the National Park ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

Photocopy of photograph (original photograph located in the National Park Service, U.S.S. Arizona Memorial, 14th Naval District Photograph Collection), 14th ND Temp. No. 722. U.S. Navy photograph, early 1930s. BERTHING AT THE SUBMARINE BASE INCLUDED THE FOUR PIERS (NOW GONE) AND SOME OF THE QUAYWALL (FACILITIES S10 TO S12) ALONG MAGAZINE LOCK. - U.S. Naval Base, Pearl Harbor, Waterfront Facilities, Various locations throughout base, Pearl City, Honolulu County, HI

183

Photocopy of photograph (original photograph located in National Park Service, ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

Photocopy of photograph (original photograph located in National Park Service, U.S.S. Arizona Memorial, 14th Naval District Photograph Collection), 14th ND PHOG no. PH 00-46. U.S. Navy photograph, 1946. FACILITY 250 AT MAKALAPA WITH ADDED WOOD-FRAMED STORIES. - U.S. Naval Base, Pearl Harbor, Headquarters, Commander-in-Chief of the Pacific Fleet, Intersection of Halawa & Makalapa Drives, Makalapa Administration Area, Pearl City, Honolulu County, HI

184

Physical Activity Surveillance in Parks Using Direct Observation  

PubMed Central

Introduction Primary features of observational public health surveillance instruments are that they are valid, can reliably estimate physical activity behaviors, and are useful across diverse geographic settings and seasons by different users. Previous studies have reported the validity and reliability of Systematic Observation of Play and Recreation in Communities (SOPARC) to estimate park and user characteristics. The purpose of this investigation was to establish the use of SOPARC as a surveillance instrument and to situate the findings from the study in the context of the previous literature. Methods We collected data by using SOPARC for more than 3 years in 4 locations: Philadelphia, Pennsylvania; Columbus, Ohio; Chapel Hill/Durham, North Carolina; and Albuquerque, New Mexico during spring, summer, and autumn. Results We observed a total of 35,990 park users with an overall observer reliability of 94% (range, 85%–99%) conducted on 15% of the observations. We monitored the proportion of park users engaging in moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) and found marginal differences in MVPA by both city and season. Park users visited parks significantly more on weekend days than weekdays and visitation rates tended to be lower during summer than spring. Conclusion SOPARC is a highly reliable observation instrument that can be used to collect data across diverse geographic settings and seasons by different users and has potential as a surveillance system.

McKenzie, Thomas L.; Cohen, Deborah; Evenson, Kelly R.; Golinelli, Daniela; Hillier, Amy; Lapham, Sandra C.; Williamson, Stephanie

2014-01-01

185

T PARK: AMBIENT INTELLIGENCE FOR SECURITY IN PUBLIC PARKS  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we present joint research activities in com- puter vision and sensor networks for a distributed surveil- lance of urban parks. Distributed visual surveillance of ur- ban environments is one of the most interesting scenario in Ambient Intelligence; in addition, the automated monitor- ing of public parks, often crowded by children and adults, is still a very difficult

Luca Benini; Elisabetta Farella

186

US National Parks and management of park soundscapes: A review  

Microsoft Academic Search

For more than 17years the US National Park Service has been developing the methods, processes and skills required to effectively manage the soundscapes of the National Parks. The author and his company have had the honor of providing technical acoustics related assistance throughout much of this period. This article presents his reflections on the process, its technical and political complexities,

Nicholas P. Miller

2008-01-01

187

Historic Cities  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Jointly sponsored by the Historic Cities Center within the Department of Geography at Hebrew University and the Jewish National and University Library, the Historic Cities Web site is intended to contain maps, literature, documents, books, and other relevant material concerning the past, present, and future of historic cities While some of these documents and ephemera are still forthcoming to the site, visitors will find a wide array of historic city maps and views dating from 1486 to 1720. The scanned maps are searchable alphabetically, by date, and by individual cartographer. Additionally, a bit of information is provided about each cartographer. Overall, the site contains close to two hundred individual city maps and renderings, ranging from medieval Heidelberg to Casablanca. For persons with an interest in urban morphology and the history of cartography, the Historic Cities site will be a good place to start.

188

Photovoltaic Module Reliability Workshop 2013: February 26-27, 2013  

SciTech Connect

NREL's Photovoltaic (PV) Module Reliability Workshop (PVMRW) brings together PV reliability experts to share information, leading to the improvement of PV module reliability. Such improvement reduces the cost of solar electricity and promotes investor confidence in the technology--both critical goals for moving PV technologies deeper into the electricity marketplace.

Kurtz, S.

2013-10-01

189

BER Science Network Requirements Workshop -- July 26-27,2007  

SciTech Connect

The Energy Sciences Network (ESnet) is the primary provider of network connectivity for the US Department of Energy Office of Science, the single largest supporter of basic research in the physical sciences in the United States of America. In support of the Office of Science programs, ESnet regularly updates and refreshes its understanding of the networking requirements of the instruments, facilities, scientists, and science programs that it serves. This focus has helped ESnet to be a highly successful enabler of scientific discovery for over 20 years. In July 2007, ESnet and the Biological and Environmental Research (BER) Program Office of the DOE Office of Science organized a workshop to characterize the networking requirements of the science programs funded by the BER Program Office. These included several large programs and facilities, including Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Program and the ARM Climate Research Facility (ACRF), Bioinformatics and Life Sciences Programs, Climate Sciences Programs, the Environmental Molecular Sciences Laboratory at PNNL, the Joint Genome Institute (JGI). National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR) also participated in the workshop and contributed a section to this report due to the fact that a large distributed data repository for climate data will be established at NERSC, ORNL and NCAR, and this will have an effect on ESnet. Workshop participants were asked to codify their requirements in a 'case study' format, which summarizes the instruments and facilities necessary for the science and the process by which the science is done, with emphasis on the network services needed and the way in which the network is used. Participants were asked to consider three time scales in their case studies--the near term (immediately and up to 12 months in the future), the medium term (3-5 years in the future), and the long term (greater than 5 years in the future). In addition to achieving its goal of collecting and characterizing the network requirements of the science endeavors funded by the BER Program Office, the workshop emphasized some additional points. These included the need for a future ESnet presence in the Denver area, a desire for ESnet to continue support of collaboration services, and the need for ESnet to support dedicated bandwidth or 'virtual circuit' services. In addition, it is clear that the BER facilities are going to experience significant growth in data production over the next 5 years. The reasons for this vary (model resolution and supercomputer allocations for climate, detector upgrades for EMSL and ARM, sequencing hardware upgrades for JGI), but all indicators point to significant growth in data volumes over the near to medium term. This growth in data volume, combined with the ever-expanding scope of scientific collaboration, will continue to demand ever-increasing bandwidth, reliability and service richness from the networks that support DOE science.

Tierney, Brian L.; Dart, Eli

2008-02-01

190

Salute to the National Park Service  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Current National Parks Service's design policy is summarized and the manner in which this policy produces national park transportation, planning, visitor center siting, architecture, preservation, and exhibits, is detailed. Organizations lobbying for better parks are listed. (BT)

Carpenter, Edward K.

1976-01-01

191

Prince William Forest Park: An Administrative History,  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A study is presented of the mosaic encompassing the original residents of the area, park administrators, military forces and Washington officials. An overview of the park's history detailing critical periods in the parks development is provided.

S. C. Strickland

1986-01-01

192

76 FR 22001 - National Park Week, 2011  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...be waived during National Park Week. All Americans can visit www...have fun. During National Park Week, we reaffirm our need to maintain...proclaim April 16 through April 24, 2011, as National Park Week. I encourage all Americans...

2011-04-20

193

Kalaupapa National Historical Park: Museum Management Plan.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Kalaupapa National Historical Park Museum Management Plan identifies a series of collections management issues facing the park and presents corresponding actions to address them. The park is currently managing an archives estimated at 137,000 items; a...

B. Sullivan C. DeRooy J. Bayless K. Bush S. Buchel

2006-01-01

194

Geology Fieldnotes: Guadalupe Mountains National Park, Texas  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This Guadalupe Mountains National Park site contains park geology information, park maps, photographs, related links, visitor information, multimedia resources, and teacher features (resources for teaching geology with National Park examples). The park geology section discusses the geologic history of Guadalupe Mountains' ancient marine fossil reef and the structural geology of the Mountains' Western Escarpment (including the Frijole Ranch area, the Pine Springs area, and the Capitan Limestone structures). The park maps section includes a map of the Capitan Reef today.

195

Geology Fieldnotes: Canyonlands National Park, Utah  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site contains park maps, visitor information, details about park geology, and a teacher feature (lessons for teaching science using National Park examples) for Canyonlands National Park in Utah. It discusses the creation of the canyons by the Green and Colorado rivers, as well as the geologic and human histories of the park. Also covered is information about the surrounding mountains (La Sals, Abajos, and Henry Mountains), the famous Upheaval Dome, The Maze, The Needles, and arches found within the park.

196

Geology Fieldnotes: Petrified Forest National Park, Arizona  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Petrified Forest National Park was established to preserve large deposits of petrified wood and to prevent removal of the wood by the public. Site featues include park geology information, maps, photographs, related links, visitor information, multimedia resources, and resources for teaching geology with National Park examples. The park geology section discusses the park's geologic history, structural geology, petrified wood, and dinosaur fossils. The maps section includes a map of the park itself and the surrounding area.

197

Parking Strategies for Genome Sequencing  

PubMed Central

The parking strategy is an iterative approach to DNA sequencing. Each iteration consists of sequencing a novel portion of target DNA that does not overlap any previously sequenced region. Subject to the constraint of no overlap, each new region is chosen randomly. A parking strategy is often ideal in the early stages of a project for rapidly generating unique data. As a project progresses, parking becomes progressively more expensive and eventually prohibitive. We present a mathematical model with a generalization to allow for overlaps. This model predicts multiple parameters, including progress, costs, and the distribution of gap sizes left by a parking strategy. The highly fragmented nature of the gaps left after an initial parking strategy may make it difficult to finish a project efficiently. Therefore, in addition to our parking model, we model gap closing by walking. Our gap-closing model is generalizable to many other strategies. Our discussion includes modified parking strategies and hybrids with other strategies. A hybrid parking strategy has been employed for portions of the Human Genome Project.

Roach, Jared C.; Thorsson, Vesteinn; Siegel, Andrew F.

2000-01-01

198

National Park Service Geologic Resources  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This collection of images shows geologic features in many of the country's national parks. The collection is searchable by park name, state, year, or by the name of the photograph. Each photo is accompanied by a brief caption that provides the photographer's name, the date, and a description of the photo.

199

Educational Resources: Everglades National Park  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

These educational resources of the Everglades National Park include classroom activities, information for school visits with or without a ranger, teacher resources such as reference material on the geology and biology of the park, and recommended study resources. The classroom activities involve water resources, endangered species, extinction, and the food chain.

200

Study on public parking problems and countermeasures  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

With the rapid growth of motorization, public parking has become a distinct problem influences urban development and people's life quality. Unscientific method of urban planning and lagging of related studies lead to parking problem becoming more and more seriously day by day. The propose of this paper is to put forward several solutions for public parking problem, including parking management policies, building with construction parking policies, regional differentiation policy, parking industrial policy, self-parking policy and so on, from the point of regulatory plan and related policy. It is significant to guide new urban areas construction and improve the parking situation.

Hu, Hongbing; Wen, Zhaokang

2011-12-01

201

Wheeling and Dealing in the National Parks  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Motor vehicles and commercialism have generated serious problems within the national park system. A Conservation Foundation suggests new directions in management for the National Park Service. (Editors)

Howe, Sydney

1973-01-01

202

Science in the National Parks  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This new addition to The National Park Service's website provides an overview of a huge array of research projects being conducted in US National Parks. Scientific studies are listed and summarized here (by Park), and include research on Nitrogen fixation, Neotropical migratory birds, meadow restoration, glacier research, and monitoring of wolf populations, to name a few. In addition, a list of Partners in Scientific Research is available at the site, as are current and archived copies of the agency's quarterly research and resource management bulletin Park Science. The exceptional value of the site is that it provides what most researchers don't have: detailed insights into different components (and scales) of the same ecosystem. Application procedures are included for those interested in conducting research at National Parks.

Service., United S.

203

National Park Service Photo Collection  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Over the past century, a host of photographers have documented the grounds and buildings of the National Parks for the National Park Service, and in doing so have created a collection that contains over two million images. Some of these eminent photographers include such personages as Jack Boucher, Arno B. Cammerer, and Abbie Rowe. The National Park Service has recently placed 2000 of these images online, and added a fine search feature so that users can look for images by year, photographer, theme, parksite, or keyword. Some of these images included early photographs of the Virgin Islands National Park, rangers on location in Yosemite National Park, and Canyon de Chelly National Monument. The site is rounded out with links to other digital image archives, such as those housed on the American Memory website at the Library of Congress.

204

Atypical Cities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this creative challenge, Surrealism and one-point perspective combine to produce images that not only go "beyond the real" but also beyond the ubiquitous "imaginary city" assignment often used to teach one-point perspective. Perhaps the difference is that in the "atypical cities challenge," an understanding of one-point perspective is a means…

DiJulio, Betsy

2011-01-01

205

City Play.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Today, fewer city blocks preserve the confidence of lifestyle and urban geography that sustain traditional games and outdoor play. Large groups of children choosing sides and organizing Red Rover games are no longer commonplace. Teachers must encourage free play; urban planners must build cities that are safe play havens. (MLH)

Dargan, Amanda; Zeitlin, Steve

2000-01-01

206

The São Paulo Science and Technology Park (CienTec Park)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The State Park of Ipiranga Springs (PEFI), a native forest of 543 ha enclosed in one of the world largest Metropolis, represents more than 10% of the total of the green areas in the city of São Paulo. This space has been preserved through the efforts of three main institutions: the Botanic Garden, the Zoo Foundation and the University of São Paulo (USP). The districts surrounding the Park, with c.a. 2 millions of inhabitants, are mostly low-income families, with limited opportunities of leisure and cultural activity. There, violence and crime present the highest index for the whole Metropolitan Region, and recent statistics indicate a growing demographic pressure to occupy these areas. The proposal of the University of São Paulo, to promote in its property within PEFI a Science and Technology Park, represents a rare opportunity and valuable contribution to the social promotion in these districts and to the maintenance of that portion of green area: a residue of the Serra do Mar (Atlantic) Forest. This space of 141 ha of which 20 ha were occupied by the Astronomy, Geophysics and Atmosphere Science Institute of USP, encloses an exceptionally interesting inheritage for the City of São Paulo. A set of historical buildings of the fourth decade of last century, was recognized by the Council for the Preservation of Historical, Archeological, Artistic and Tourist Heritage of the State of São Paulo, and the City Council for the Preservation of Historical, Cultural and Natural Heritage of the City of São Paulo. The USP proposal resulted into an agreement with the Science and Technology Secretary of the São Paulo State Government, that supported financially the basic architectural project. This project was elaborated by seven of the most gifted Brazilian Architects, taking into account the restoration of the historical buildings and their integration with a new architectural set where the exhibits, interactive activities and cultural programs will take place. While the project is under development, several educational and cultural activities, that started early september, will promote school supplementary programs, public policies, in special for excluded minorities and street children, security and employment. Exhibit definition will count with the advise through exchange and consultancy of famous scientists, specialists in museology, sciences, technology, environment and sustainability. ESP, USP, Vitae Foundation.

Mantovani, M. S. M.; Bernardelli Massabki, P.; Massambani, O.

2003-04-01

207

Perception of urban park soundscape.  

PubMed

A number of studies have been initiated to explore how to improve the soundscape quality in urban parks. However, good soundscape quality in parks cannot be provided without a thorough understanding of the complex relationships among sound, environment, and individuals. As acoustic comfort is considered to be an important outcome of soundscape quality, this study investigates the relative impacts of the factors influencing acoustic comfort evaluation by formulating a multivariate ordered logit model. This study also explores the inter-relationships among acoustic comfort evaluation, acceptability of the environment, and preference to stay in a park using a path model. A total of 595 valid responses were obtained from interview surveys administered in four parks in Hong Kong while objective sound measurements were carried out at the survey spots concurrently. The findings unveil that acoustic comfort evaluation, besides visual comfort evaluation of landscape, also plays an important role on users' acceptability of the urban park environment. Compared with all the studied acoustic related factors, acoustic comfort evaluation serves as a better proxy for park users' preference to stay in urban parks. Hearing the breeze will significantly increase the likelihood of individuals in giving high acoustic comfort evaluation. Conversely, hearing the sounds from heavy vehicles or sounds from bikes will significantly reduce the likelihood in giving a high acoustic evaluation. PMID:22501055

Tse, Man Sze; Chau, Chi Kwan; Choy, Yat Sze; Tsui, Wai Keung; Chan, Chak Ngai; Tang, Shiu Keung

2012-04-01

208

Sioux City History  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Sioux City History website is billed as "your link to the past", and it does not fail to deliver on this promise. The site offers up snippets of the town's past, drawing on historic photographs, oral histories, and other documents. On the homepage, visitors will note eight primary sections, such as "Notable People", "Transportation", and "Arts & Leisure". First-time visitors should click on the "Arts & Leisure" area to start their journey. Here they will find essays and images that tell the stories of Riverside Park, community theatre, and the local legends who performed in the Monahan Post Band after World War I. To gain a better understanding of the role played by corn in local history and culture, visitors shouldn't miss the "Corn Palace" area. It's a tribute to the five grand corn palaces that graced the city from 1887 to 1891 as a symbol of agricultural prominence and boosterism. Finally, visitors can also look over a selection of oral histories and make use of the search engine here.

209

1.OA At the Park  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a task from the Illustrative Mathematics website that is one part of a complete illustration of the standard to which it is aligned. Each task has at least one solution and some commentary that addresses important asects of the task and its potential use. Here are the first few lines of the commentary for this task: There were 7 children at the park. Then 4 more showed up. How many children were at the park all together? There were 7 children at the park. Some more...

210

Yellowstone National Park: Historic 3-D Photographs Featuring Park Geology  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This source provides a series of 34 historic photographs of well-known geologic landmarks in Yellowstone National Park. The photographs can be viewed individually or as part of a tour that begins at Old Faithful and proceeds in a clockwise route around the park. The images were created by digital manipulation of antique stereographs and they may be viewed as black and white photos or in 3-D using special stereographic glasses.

Phil, Stoffer; Team, Usgs W.

211

Logistics park development in Slovak Republic  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper deals with the actual situation in the Slovak Republic concerning the logistics parks development. It presents the theoretical base of the logistics park development, i.e. the comparative analysis, SWOT analysis, transport infrastructure survey, marketing study and marketing plan for logistics park. It also presents the basic characteristic of logistics park, logistics chains and activities connected with the transport,

Marián Šulgan

2006-01-01

212

Planning and Design for Industry Logistics Park  

Microsoft Academic Search

Regarding a single industry as the target, industry logistics park is the professional logistics park that is specially planned according to industry characteristics. Considering that the industry logistics park has special functions, such as economize on resources, improvement of logistics efficiency and service quality, protection of the environment and so on, industry logistics park's planning and design is different from

Guo Yi; Zhang Xinxin

2011-01-01

213

Teacher's Guide to Independence National Historical Park.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Independence National Historical Park, located in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, is operated by the National Park Service. The park was authorized by an Act of Congress on June 28, 1948, and formally established on July 4, 1956. The mission of Independence National Historical Park is to preserve its stories, buildings, and artifacts as a source of…

National Park Service (Dept. of Interior), Philadelphia, PA. Independence National Historical Park.

214

Neighborhood Math: Math in the Park or City  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this activity, students will apply mathematics to buildings and landmarks around you. They will explore patterns and shapes of bricks, calculate the volume and weight of water in a fountain and figure out how to tell the height of a building from the length of its shadow

2010-01-01

215

Association of Park Size, Distance, and Features With Physical Activity in Neighborhood Parks  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objectives. We studied whether park size, number of features in the park, and distance to a park from participants' homes were related to a park being used for physical activity. Methods. We collected observational data on 28 specific features from 33 parks. Adult residents in surrounding areas (n = 380) completed 7-day physical activity logs that included the location of

Andrew T. Kaczynski; Luke R. Potwarka; Brian E. Saelens

2008-01-01

216

SPARK: A New VANET-Based Smart Parking Scheme for Large Parking Lots  

Microsoft Academic Search

Searching for a vacant parking space in a congested area or a large parking lot and preventing auto theft are major concerns to our daily lives. In this paper, we propose a new smart parking scheme for large parking lots through vehicular communication. The proposed scheme can provide the drivers with real-time parking navigation service, intelligent anti- theft protection, and

Rongxing Lu; Xiaodong Lin; Haojin Zhu; Xuemin Shen

2009-01-01

217

Recycle City  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Recycling made fun. The Environmental Protection Agency's Recycle City Web site offers students an interactive way to learn how recycling can affect their environment. Users can click any part of the cartoon drawing of the city to learn about that particular building or site and what can be done to decrease waste. The site also contains a more involved exercise called the Dumptown game, where visitors click on City Hall to view various recycling programs and choose the program(s) the city will implement. Once implemented, that activity can be seen taking place in Dumptown. Although the Dumptown exercise may require the help of a teacher to navigate for younger students, both exercises are excellent for K-12 teachers and students.

1997-01-01

218

Open City  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Are you interested in improving civic culture and knowledge with apps? If so, you will be delighted to learn about the Open City site. The Open City folks are a group of programmers, citizen activists, and policy types that create apps with open data in order "to improve transparency and understanding of our government." Chicagoans can stop by the Merchandise Mart to meet up and work with Open City in person. Everyone else can check out the Projects page to view apps like "Chicago Councilmatic," "How's Business?" and "Crime in Chicago." Each of these apps takes open source data from the city of Chicago and other organizations to create tools designed to help decision makers, journalists, and scholars with their various projects. The site also contains information about the people behind the organization and press releases about their work.

219

Physiological and psychological effects of walking on young males in urban parks in winter  

PubMed Central

Background Interaction with nature has a relaxing effect on humans. Increasing attention has been focused on the therapeutic effects of urban green space; however, there is a lack of evidence-based field research. This study provided scientific evidence supporting the physiological and psychological effects of walking on young males in urban parks in winter. Findings Subjects (13 males aged 22.5?±?3.1 years) were instructed to walk predetermined 15-minute courses in an urban park (test) and in the city area (control). Heart rate and heart rate variability (HRV) were measured to assess physiological responses. The semantic differential (SD) method, Profile of Mood States (POMS), and State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI) were used to determine psychological responses. Heart rate was significantly lower and the natural logarithm of the high frequency component of HRV was significantly higher when walking through the urban park than through the city area. The results of three questionnaires indicated that walking in the urban park improved mood and decreased negative feelings and anxiety. Conclusions Physiological and psychological data from this field experiment provide important scientific evidence regarding the health benefits of walking in an urban park. The results support the premise that walking in an urban park has relaxing effects even in winter.

2013-01-01

220

Invincible Cities  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Throughout history, cities have risen and fallen from prominence, and in recent times more attention has been paid to why this ebb and flow persists across the centuries. Documenting this process has increasingly been the province of historians, archaeologists, city planners, sociologists, and of course, photographers. Many photographers have been very interested in the world of post-industrial urban decay, and Camilo Jose Vergara is one of the best. With financial support from the Ford Foundation, this website brings together VergaraâÂÂs photographic record of the cities of Camden, New Jersey and Richmond, California in exquisite geographic and visual detail. First-time visitors will want to read through the introduction to the project offered by Vergara, and then perhaps click on the question mark on the homepage for a brief primer on how to use the user interface for each city. At that point, visitors shouldnâÂÂt be afraid to look over both cities, as they can zoom in and out around a number of interesting locales, including abandoned factories, old piers, and gated communities. Short of wandering through these cities in a peripatetic fashion, this website serves as an interesting introduction to some overlooked aspects of urbanity.

Vergara, Camilo J.

2006-01-01

221

Park and Burgess: An Appreciation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Though virtually fifty years separate contemporary sociology from publication of Introduction to the Science of Sociology by Park and Burgess, this volume proposes an orientation to the descipline still worthy of consideration. (Author)

Braude, Lee

1970-01-01

222

Science and the National Parks.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In conducting the study, the National Research Council's Committee on Improving the Science and Technology Programs of the National Park Service originally set out to evaluate the scope and organization of current NPS natural and social science by perform...

1992-01-01

223

Jurassic Park: Adventure in Learning.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes using the movie "Jurassic Park" as a foundation for a middle school interdisciplinary unit involving science, math, language arts, history, and geography. Suggested books and activities are presented. (PR)

Shams, Marcia; Boteler, Trina

1993-01-01

224

Views of the National Parks  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

There is no true substitute for visiting one of America's great national parks, but this website, designed "to present the natural, cultural, and historical resources of our national parks," is a nice surrogate for an in-person jaunt. On the homepage, visitors can select a park or theme from several dozen headings, including National Mall, Whiskeytown, Glaciers, and Devils Tower. Within each area, visitors can examine a series of high-quality images, along with four or five sections that address different aspects of each topic or specific park. Perhaps the most useful elements of the site are the very fine resources for teachers. Clicking on the Teachers' Lounge area will bring up a number of high-quality educational articles, lesson plans, and educational standards guidelines. All told, there are 14 different lesson plans here, which are complemented by links to external resources and additional readings. [KMG

225

Tour of Park Geology: Colorado Plateau  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site provides links to geology fieldnotes about National Parks, Monuments, and Recreation Areas that are part of the Colorado Plateau. Each park site provides links to visitor information, photographs, park maps, multimedia resources, and teacher features (tools for teaching geology with National Park examples). Some of the areas linked to this site include: Dinosaur National Monument, Mesa Verde National Park, and Glen Canyon National Recreation Area.

226

Portland Energy Conservation Project. City energy plan: choices for saving energy in the government sector. [City of Portland and the metropolitan region  

Microsoft Academic Search

Energy use by state government is identified for city vehicles, city buildings, sewer and water systems, street lighting, traffic lights, park lighting, public schools, office buildings, and solid-waste systems. Energy conservation choices in these systems are identified. Impacts of price increases and supply cutbacks are discussed. An appendix contains additional data on Portland employment and total energy use. (MCW)

D. F. Mazziotti; G. M. Crandall

1977-01-01

227

Cleaning National Parks: Using Environmentally Preferable Janitorial Products at Yellowstone and Grand Teton National Parks.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report documents the process that the National Park Services and two consultants used at Yellowstone National Park to introduce environmentally preferable cleaning products. Grand Teton National Park implemented a similar program started in April 199...

S. Wakefiled A. Ferre

2000-01-01

228

Urban Wetland Resource Investigation in Jinan Urban Parks of China based on QUICKBIRD Data  

Microsoft Academic Search

Wetlands in urban are important part of environment. The state of wetland is tightly related with the security and sustainable development of ecosystem and society. This study is about wetland investigation in park of Jinan city which having been famous for its springs based on high spatial resolution remote sensing QUICKBIRD data. Through study, we conclude that :(1) the vegetation

Gao Xiang-wei; Fei Xian-yun; Zhang Zhi-guo; Qiu Li

2006-01-01

229

Aircraft parking area with Facility No. S364 in the background. ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

Aircraft parking area with Facility No. S364 in the background. Note the strafing marks and recessed securing ring for aircraft in the foreground - U.S. Naval Base, Pearl Harbor, Seaplane Ramps - World War II Type, Southwest and west shore of Ford Island, near Wasp Boulevard, Pearl City, Honolulu County, HI

230

Planning for health: A community-based spatial analysis of park availability and chronic disease across the lifespan.  

PubMed

The purpose of this study was to explore the spatial relationship between park availability and chronic health conditions (CHCs) across age groups in Kansas City, MO. Multinomial logistic regression examined the association between having a park within one-half mile from home and the likelihood of having 0, 1, or 2 or more CHCs. Among respondents aged 40-59, those without a park within one-half mile from home were more than twice as likely to have 2 or more CHCs compared to respondents that had a park nearby. Parks may be an important protective factor for chronic diseases, especially among middle-aged adults among whom access to neighborhood recreational environments may be particularly important. PMID:24594836

Besenyi, Gina M; Kaczynski, Andrew T; Stanis, Sonja A Wilhelm; Bergstrom, Ryan D; Lightner, Joseph S; Hipp, J Aaron

2014-05-01

231

Islamabad, a town planning example for a sustainable city  

Microsoft Academic Search

Islamabad, the new Capital of Pakistan, planned by Constantinos A. Doxiadis and Doxiadis Associates in the late 50's, is now a fast-growing city of about 1.5 million inhabitants, forming, together with the adjacent old city of Rawalpindi and a National Park, a Metropolitan Area (Greater Islamabad\\/Rawalpindi Area) of about 4.5 million inhabitants. The paper presents the combined land use -

J. M. Frantzeskakis

232

City 2020+  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This research initiative CITY 2020+ assesses the risks and opportunities for residents in urban built environments under projected demographic and climate change for the year 2020 and beyond, using the City of Aachen as a case study. CITY 2020+ develops scenarios, options and tools for planning and developing sustainable future city structures. We investigate how urban environment, political structure and residential behavior can best be adapted, with attention to the interactions among structural, political, and sociological configurations and with their consequences on human health. Demographers project that in the EU-25-States by 2050, approximately 30% of the population will be over age 65. Also by 2050, average tem¬peratures are projected to rise by 1 to 2 K. Combined, Europe can expect enhanced thermal stress and higher levels of particulate matter. CITY 2020+ amongst other sub-projects includes research project dealing with (1) a micro-scale assessment of blockages to low-level cold-air drainage flow into the city centre by vegetation and building structures, (2) a detailed analysis of the change of probability density functions related to the occurrence of heat waves during summer and the spatial and temporal structure of the urban heat island (UHI) (3) a meso-scale analysis of particulate matter (PM) concentrations depending on topography, local meteorological conditions and synoptic-scale weather patterns. First results will be presented specifically from sub-projects related to vegetation barriers within cold air drainage, the assessment of the UHI and the temporal and spatial pattern of PM loadings in the city centre. The analysis of the cold air drainage flow is investigated in two consecutive years with a clearing of vegetation stands in the beginning of the second year early in 2010. The spatial pattern of the UHI and its possible enhancement by climate change is addressed employing a unique setup using GPS devices and temperature probes fixed to several public transport units running all across the city. This is accompanied by an analysis of probability density functions (PDF) for heat waves based on recent climate data and climate projections. A dense net of 40 PM measurement sites is operated in order to obtain the spatial pattern of PM concentration as depending on meteorological condition and location. It is lined out how this climate related sub-projects interact with investigations on social networks, governance issues, buildings structure development and health outcome. Related to the later the chemical composition of PM is analyzed in more detail and related to the spatial patterns of health deficiencies. At a later stage City2020+ will propose new strategies based on cooperation from the fields of medicine, geography, sociology, history, civil engineering, and architecture for adapting the city for future needs. The Project CITY 2020+ is part of the interdisciplinary Project House HumTec (Human Sciences and Technology) at RWTH Aachen University funded by the Excellence Initiative of the German federal and state governments through the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (German Research Foundation, DFG).

Schneider, C.; Buttstädt, M.; Merbitz, H.; Sachsen, T.; Ketzler, G.; Michael, S.; Klemme, M.; Dott, W.; Selle, K.; Hofmeister, H.

2010-09-01

233

Mesa Verde National Park: Educational Resources  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This National Park Service site contains general information on planning a visit to the park; information on plants, animals, geology, cliff dwellings, surface archaeological sites, and history of the park; and a classroom activities section. School group activities at the park include identifying geologic formations, seeing museum videos and dioramas, going on trails and tours, and attending evening campground programs. Classroom activities involve the use of a park map, the development of ancestral Puebloan society from about AD 1 to AD 1300, and the history of the National Park Service.

234

Tour of Park Geology: Plate Tectonics  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This National Park Service (NPS) site provides links to geology field notes providing information about National Parks, National Monuments, and National Recreation Areas that have to do with plate tectonics. The site also has illustrations and descriptions of different plate boundaries. The parks are divided into categories depending on which type of plate boundary they are located on. This includes divergent boundaries(active and ancient), convergent boundaries (ocean-ocean, continent-continent, continent-ocean), transform faults, hot spots, and accreted terrains. Parks referenced include Virgin Islands National Park, Florissant Fossil Beds National Monument, Hawaii Volcanoes National Park, and many more.

235

Geology Fieldnotes: Badlands National Park, South Dakota  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Badlands National Park, located in southwestern South Dakota, consists of 244,000 acres of sharply eroded buttes, pinnacles and spires blended with the largest, protected mixed grass prairie in the United States. Features include information on park geology, maps, photographs, visitor information, links to related publications, and lesson plans for teaching geology with National Park examples. The park geology section discusses the Park's geologic history during the Eocene and Oligocene epochs and the rich fossil deposits found there. Maps of the park and the surrounding area are included.

236

Mexico City  

... year. In winter, air quality can worsen significantly when thermal inversions keep polluted air masses close to the surface. ... color views acquired by MISR's 70-degree forward-viewing camera on April 9 and December 5, 2001, respectively. Mexico City can be ...

2013-04-18

237

Bibliography of Doctor Chul Park  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This document contains a comprehensive bibliography of the published works, and a short biography, of Dr. Chul Park. The contents of this bibliography were compiled primarily from the NASA RECON data base. The RECON citations have been modified to appear in a uniform format with all other listed citations . These other citations were located by computer searches in the INSPEC, NTIS, COMPENDEX, and Chemical Abstracts data bases, as well as through the cooperation of Dr. Chul Park, and his associates in the Reacting Flow Environments Branch at NASA Ames Research Center. All citations are presented in an approximate reverse chronological order from the present date. This work was created to honor the occasion of Dr. Chul Park's retirement on December 14, 1994, after 27 years of distinguished government service at the NASA Ames Research Center.

Gochberg, Lawrence A.; Venkatapathy, Ethiraj; Park, Chul

1995-01-01

238

Photocopy of photograph (original photograph located in the National Park ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

Photocopy of photograph (original photograph located in the National Park Service, U.S.S. Arizona Memorial, 14th Naval District Photograph Collection), 14th ND C.W. No. P88-7864. U.S. Navy photograph, September 1933. VIEW OF THE MAIN SHIPYARD BERTHING. BY THIS DATE THE ORIGINAL 1010 DOCK (FACILITY B2) HAD BEEN EXTENDED AT EITHER END (FACILITIES B1 AND B3). THE SMALL BOAT LANDING (FACILITY N2) IS IN THE FOREGROUND. - U.S. Naval Base, Pearl Harbor, Waterfront Facilities, Various locations throughout base, Pearl City, Honolulu County, HI

239

36 CFR 7.37 - Jean Lafitte National Historical Park.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Historical Park. 7.37 Section 7.37 Parks, Forests, and Public Property NATIONAL PARK SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR SPECIAL REGULATIONS, AREAS OF THE NATIONAL PARK SYSTEM § 7.37 Jean Lafitte...

2013-07-01

240

36 CFR 7.78 - Harpers Ferry National Historical Park.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Historical Park. 7.78 Section 7.78 Parks, Forests, and Public Property NATIONAL PARK SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR SPECIAL REGULATIONS, AREAS OF THE NATIONAL PARK SYSTEM § 7.78 Harpers Ferry...

2013-07-01

241

Sequoia and Kings Canyon National Parks Action Plan.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

As participants in the Climate Friendly Parks program, Sequoia and Kings Canyon National Parks belong to a network of parks that are putting climate friendly behavior at the forefront of sustainability planning in national parks. By conducting an emission...

2013-01-01

242

An inventory of trees in Dublin city centre  

Microsoft Academic Search

While urban areas are often considered to be comprised chiefly of artificial surfaces, they can contain a substantial portion of green space and a great diversity of natural habitats. These spaces include public parks, private gardens and street trees, all of which can provide valuable environmental services, such as improved air quality. Trees play a particular role in cities as

Tine Ningal; Gerald Mills; Pamela Smithwick

2010-01-01

243

Guadalupe Mountains National Park - Historic Resource Study.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report includes basic historical data relating to Guadalupe Mountains National Park. While the report was written to assist the park planners, much of the information is also of general interest. The study identifies the historical themes relevant to ...

1971-01-01

244

National Park Service Paleontolological Research. Volumne 4.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

During this last year of the century, the list of National Park Service areas identified with paleontological resources has grown to 134. Along with redwoods, grizzlies, geysers, and ancient ruins, the national parks preserve a remarkable record of life e...

V. L. Santucci L. McClelland

1999-01-01

245

Vandalism Control Management for Parks and Recreation.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Vandalism nationally costs park and recreation departments over $500 million a year. This handbook, therefore, is designed to help park and recreation administrators systematically address vandalism as a management issue with solutions that have been prov...

M. L. Christiansen

1983-01-01

246

Hearts' N' Parks: Community Mobilization Guide.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Hearts N' Parks is a national, community-based program supported by the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI) and the National Recreation and Park Association (NRPA). It is designed to help local agencies promote heart healthy lifestyle change...

2001-01-01

247

Everglades National Park Including Biscayne National Park. Activity Book.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Intended to help elementary school children learn about the resources of the Everglades and Biscayne National Parks, this activity book includes information, puzzles, games, and quizzes. The booklet deals with concepts related to: (1) the seasons; (2) fire ecology; (3) water; (4) fish; (5) mammals; (6) mosquitos; (7) birds; (8) venomous snakes;…

Ruehrwein, Dick

248

Geology Fieldnotes: Capitol Reef National Park, Utah  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This Capitol Reef National Park site contains park geology information, park maps, photographs, visitor information, and a teacher feature (resources for teaching geology with National Park examples). Geologic data includes descriptions of the Waterpocket Fold, a monocline formed in the Laramide Orogeny and made of sedimentary rock. Also covered is erosion, and details about the Cathedral Valley outcrop of gypsum. This formation is Permian to Cretaceous in age (270-80 million years old).

249

Nature and Science at Canyonlands National Park  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This National Park Service (NPS) website highlights the environment and ecosystems found in Canyonlands National Park. Topics include animals in the park (amphibians, reptiles, birds, fish and mammals), plant life (cacti, grasses, lichens, mosses, liverworts, trees, shrubs and wildflowers), environmental factors (air quality, invasive species, endangered fish, noise pollution, peregrine falcons and bighorn sheep), and natural features (deserts, pools, rivers and stream, geology). Links are provided to downloadable brochures and reports on park research activities and additional information on wildlife and plants.

250

Rivers, Rails and Trails: Kansas City before UMKC  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The University of Missouri-Kansas City (UMKC) has created this rather novel online exhibit that explores the world of Kansas City before the creation of this educational institution. The exhibit was designed to appear with the installation of the automated book retrieval system at the UMKC library, which seems appropriate as the system's facade features a 1926 chamber of commerce map of the city. The interactive map portion of the site features the map, complete with postcards that illustrate various aspects of the city's development during the early 20th century. Visitors can click on a postcard of the city's beautiful Paseo Boulevard, the stock yards, and Swope Park. Along the way, users will learn about local history, urban transportation, and the "City Beautiful" movement.

251

Nature in the City  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Nature in the City is a project of the Earth Island Institute, and is "wholly dedicated to ecological conservation, restoration and stewardship of the [San] Franciscan bioregion." Their website's "About" section gives a thorough explanation of not only their goals, as well as a definition of nature. Furthermore, this section provides some philosophical insight into what exactly "urban nature" happens to be. Those visitors interested in a more visceral tour of San Francisco should check out the "Photo Gallery" link, and they should be sure to check out the "Natural Areas" album to view some eerie-looking oak woodlands in Golden Gate Park. Additionally, visitors to the site who are interested in the life that teems on Alcatraz Island will enjoy file number fourteen which includes an image of roosting double-crested cormorants on a dramatic hillside. Finally the "Local Ecology" link has an explanation of the "Biodiversity Crisis" in San Francisco, which can be attributed to ecological, political, institutional, social and cultural factors.

252

The planning of environmental logistics park  

Microsoft Academic Search

With the opening of China's efforts to increase, the service levels of logistics industry should be improved and more powerful logistics park should be built. Logistics park is important infrastructures to modern logistics industry, at present, logistics parks is land development hot issue own to its superiority on accumulative and radiation effect. For the railway as a less polluting in

Ping Guo; Desheng Zhang

2010-01-01

253

Geology Fieldnotes: Virgin Islands National Park  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This National Park Service (NPS) website discusses the geology of Virgin Islands National Park, examining the coral reefs that line this park, forests of the island, and the history of the area. There are maps and photos, and links to visitor information and additional resources.

254

Parking, energy consumption and air pollution  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines the impacts of different ways of parking on environmental effects, mainly vehicle emissions and air pollution. Vehicle energy consumption and the urban air quality at street level, related to location and design of parking establishments, need to be assessed and quantified. In addition, the indoor parking environment needs attention.This paper gives a description of a methodological approach

Paul G. Höglund

2004-01-01

255

Geology Fieldnotes: Kenai Fjords National Park, Alaska  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This National Park Service (NPS) website examines the geology of Kenai Fjords National Park in Alaska. It highlights the glacier-carved valleys, 1964 Alaskan earthquake, nunataks (peaks), and wildlife of the park. There are links to visitor information, maps, and additional resources.

256

Moon Park: A research and educational facility  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Moon Park has been proposed as an International Space Year (ISY) event for international cooperative efforts. Moon Park will serve as a terrestrial demonstration of a prototype lunar base and provide research and educational opportunities. The kind of data that can be obtained in the Moon Park facilities is examined taking the minimum number of lunar base residents as an example.

Kuriki, Kyoichi; Saito, Takao; Ogawa, Yukimasa

1992-01-01

257

Yellowstone National Park Online Slide File  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This Yellowstone National Park website contains thousands of photographs of the Park. Images are organized by category including fire, thermal features, mammals, park structures, petrified trees, water, weather, scenics, and more. The photographs may be freely downloaded and more are being added through time.

Park, Yellowstone N.

258

Elemental contamination in urban parks of Rawalpindi/Islamabad--a source identification and pollution level assessment study.  

PubMed

The soil quality of urban parks is of vital importance as the children playing in the parks get themselves easily contaminated. A study was conducted to assess the level of elemental pollution caused by constant urbanization and industrialization, in various parks of Islamabad and Rawalpindi. The soil samples, collected from 14 urban parks of Islamabad and Rawalpindi areas, were analysed for their elemental concentrations. In each sample, 32 elements were quantified using semi-absolute k (0)-instrumental neutron activation analysis and flame atomic absorption spectrophotometry. The quality of analysis was assured by analysing the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) reference material IAEA-S7 (soil). The pollution level was assessed by enrichment factor, pollution load index and our suggested indicator called "average toxic element concentration". The elemental concentrations measured in the parks of two cities were compared by t test. Four sources of different elements in the soils were identified by employing principal component analysis and cluster analysis. The results of multivariate techniques grouped all parks into four classes. The use of enrichment factor indicated the presence of Ni at slightly higher level in all parks while the pollution load index revealed that the parks of Rawalpindi were relatively more polluted as compared to that of Islamabad. The hot spot areas of elemental concentration were closely related to high traffic conditions. PMID:21915597

Iqbal, Sajid; Wasim, Mohammad; Tufail, Muhammad; Arif, Mohammad; Chaudhry, Muhammad M

2012-09-01

259

UV - RESEARCH TRIANGLE PARK NC  

EPA Science Inventory

Brewer 087 is located in Research Triangle Park NC, measuring ultraviolet solar radiation. Irradiance and column ozone are derived from this data. Ultraviolet solar radiation is measured with a Brewer Mark IV, single-monochrometer, spectrophotometer manufactured by SCI-TEC Instru...

260

Egmont National Park, New Zealand  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The lush forests of Egmont National Park, on New Zealand's North Island, contrast with the pasturelands outside the circular park boundaries. The unique shape of the park results from its first protection in 1881, which specified that a forest reserve would extend in a 9.6 km radius from the summit of Mt. Taranaki (named Mt. Egmont by Captain Cook). The park covers about 33,500 hectares and Mt. Egmont stands at 2518 m. The volcano began forming 70,000 years ago, and last erupted in 1755. A series of montane habitats occur in procession up the flanks of the volcano-from rainforest, to shrubs, to alpine, and finally snow cover. Image STS110-726-6, was taken by Space Shuttle crewmembers on 9 April 2002 using a Hasselblad film camera. Image provided by the Earth Sciences and Image Analysis Laboratory at Johnson Space Center. Additional images taken by astronauts and cosmonauts can be viewed at the NASA-JSC Gateway to Astronaut Photography of Earth.

2002-01-01

261

LeDroit Park Conserved.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The document serves as a guide for historic restoration and is addressed to all residents of the LeDroit Park Historic District. The guide describes the history of the area from its beginning after the Civil War as an affluent white suburb, its evolution ...

1979-01-01

262

Symmetry in the Car Park  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the author presents a lesson on rotational symmetry which she developed for her students. The aim of the lesson was "to identify objects with rotational symmetry in the staff car park" and the success criteria were "pictures or sketches of at least six objects with different orders of rotation". After finding examples of…

Hancock, Karen

2007-01-01

263

Rosa Parks: The Movement Organizes.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This biography for younger readers describes the life of Rosa Parks, the Alabama black woman whose refusal to give up her seat on a segregated bus helped establish the civil rights movement. The book is introduced by an overview of the movement by Andrew Young and a timeline indicating major historical events from 1954 through 1968. Highlights in…

Friese, Kai

264

Differences in youth and adult physical activity in park settings by sex and race/ethnicity.  

PubMed

We examined differences by sex and race/ethnicity in the observed moderate- to vigorous-intensity physical activity (MVPA) of youth and adults in diverse areas of 4 parks in Kansas City, Missouri, in 2009. Male youth were more active on playgrounds and pools or splashpads than female youth. White youth were less active than nonwhite youth in open spaces and on paved trails. Male adults were more active in open spaces than female adults, and white adults were more active on paved trails than nonwhite adults. Understanding variations in MVPA between user groups can inform park design efforts to foster increased activity among all visitors. PMID:23537516

Kaczynski, Andrew T; Stanis, Sonja A Wilhelm; Besenyi, Gina M; Child, Stephanie

2013-01-01

265

Kinetic City  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Kinetic City is an after-school standards-based science program in which kids complete activities in conjunction with a dynamic website. It includes science experiments, games, activities, challenges and more. It provides kids in grades three through five a fun, entertaining way to learn standards-based science. It is the ideal combination of technology and hands-on collaboration. A free log-in is required for some of the content on the site. An additional section for educators or parents is featured. This provides guidance on how to best implement some of the resources. Overall, this is a nice collection for more general resources on these topics.

2009-07-02

266

Mobility and accessibility in historic cities.  

PubMed

The historic cities of Brazil, despite its colonial structure, don't fail to go through transformations that affect contemporary cities, which is the main source of problems, leading to new approaches to urban issues such as mobility and accessibility. The uncontrolled growth of tourism in the historic cities can be considered as a big problem, because at the same time, they have committed to the conservation of its built heritage and demand control of the activities that occur in their areas without harm. Then, a permanent dialogue between conservatives and planners could be accomplished by joining the various sectoral policies. The study of urban mobility in historical sites was in fact the focus of this work because of their peculiarities, such as its specific characteristics of urban structure, morphology and occupation. In fact, the development of tourism in historic centers generates specific demands, such as adaptation to new uses of the houses, intensive movement of people and vehicles, illegal parking, among others. Beyond threatening the city preservation, does not provide mobility and accessibility to tourists, because these cities were not designed for the tourism conditions and needs of contemporary life. Characteristic features of Brazilian baroque cities, such as topography , the narrow streets, narrow or nonexistent sidewalks, steep turns and ramps strong, are not suitable for heavy vehicles, traffic and pedestrian circulation. Thus, studies concerning conservation urban integrated are aimed at an approach to interaction between historic preservation of the environment with the dynamic socio-economic of the local. PMID:22317715

Carvalho, Ana Carla; Paschoalin, Rachel Filgueiras; Castañon, José Alberto

2012-01-01

267

National Association for Olmsted Parks  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Established in 1980, the National Association for Olmsted Parks (NAOP) is a coalition of various design and preservation professionals concerned with the legacy of landscape work left by noted landscape designer Frederick Law Olmsted Sr. and his colleagues. On their website, visitors can learn about Olmsted's primary works via a master list of design projects by his firm and some profiles of some of his most prominent work, including Central Park and the landscape at the Biltmore Estate. Scholars will want to look through the "Research" area for resources that include a set of suggested links and an extensive bibliography. Visitors will also want to look at the "News and Publications" area for more details about the NAOP's work and their newsletter.

268

Parks and golf course workers.  

PubMed

Most of the work done by parks and golf course workers is performed outside, and they are subject to risks similar to those of other outdoor workers, such as temperature and weather-related problems, infectious diseases, and poisonous plants, snakes, and spiders. They are also exposed to physical hazards related to noise and operation of heavy equipment. Chemical hazards result from use of pesticides and solvents. This chapter reviews pertinent OSHA regulations, pre-placement strategies, and medical surveillance exams, and recommends preventive programs. More research is needed to determine specific hazards and work-related injury and illness rates for parks and golf course workers, so that effective preventive programs can be designed. PMID:11107230

Duvall, K

2001-01-01

269

National Park Service Web Cameras  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The National Park Service (NPS) operates digital cameras at many parks in the lower 48 states, Alaska, and Hawaii to help educate the public on air quality issues. These cameras often show the effects of air pollution, especially visibility impairment. Because the cameras are typically located near air quality monitoring sites, their web pages display other information along with the photo, such as current levels of ozone, particulate matter, or sulfur dioxide, visual range, and weather conditions. The digital photos are usually updated every 15 minutes, while air quality data values are revised hourly. Charts of the last ten days of hourly weather, ozone, particulate matter, or sulfur dioxide data are also available. The cameras are accessible by clicking on an interactive map.

270

Oregon State Parks and Recreation  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

What can you do in the great Oregon outdoors? From the world of Cannon Beach to the wild and rugged Snake River, the experiences are diverse, to say the least. The homepage features dramatic vistas, isolated lighthouses, and a whole range of wonderful images to entice visitors. In the Visit area, there is an interactive map of the state that will help plan any trip. Here visitors can select Activities and Facilities to look for specific amenities. Moving along, the Event Calendar area allows visitors to look for upcoming events at a specific park or by category. Policy folks will appreciate the About Us area, as it includes detailed information on the Oregon Parks and Recreation Department's budget, their annual report, information about upcoming initiatives, and construction projects.

271

Bridgeview Park facility solar retrofit  

SciTech Connect

The weatherization and insulation of a presently unheated frame park building and the installation of a Trombe wall on the south side of the structure for passive solar heating are planned. The major objectives of the project are to increase the exposure of local residents and visitors to passive solar technology and to demonstrate the applicability of passive solar technology to residential, commercial and recreational buildings. Some changes in the original plans are discussed. Five blueprints illustrate the planned improvements. (LEW)

Not Available

1981-01-01

272

Expanding cities, shrinking cities, sustainable cities: challenges, opportunities and examples  

Microsoft Academic Search

Over the last decades, experts have been studying with growing concern statistics and demographic trends that show in many cities the urban population appears to be climbing up to astonishing numbers all over the world. Mega-Cities like Tokyo, Mexico City and Seoul are developing and nobody appears to be able to control their growth, nor to handle their impact on

DIETER D GENSKE; ARIANE RUFF

273

Learning Cities as Healthy Green Cities: Building Sustainable Opportunity Cities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper discusses a new generation of learning cities we have called EcCoWell cities (Economy, Community, Well-being). The paper was prepared for the PASCAL International Exchanges (PIE) and is based on international experiences with PIE and developments in some cities. The paper argues for more holistic and integrated development so that…

Kearns, Peter

2012-01-01

274

Coordinating OBS Parks in Europe  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Within Europe there are more than 380 Ocean Bottom Seismometers (OBS) distributed across 10 instrument parks in 6 countries. At least 120 of these OBS are wideband or broadband, over 260 can be deployed for at least 6 months at a time and 140 for at least one year. New parks are planned in two other European countries, which should add over 70 OBSs to this "fleet". However, these parks are under the control of individual countries or universities and hence to date this has made it difficult to organize large-scale experiments, especially for seismologists without marine experience. There has recently been an initiative to coordinate the use of these distributed instruments and their data products, to encourage large-scale experiments, possibly with onshore and offshore components, by seismologists who have not necessarily used OBSs before. The ongoing or planned developments include: Helping scientists with marine-specific formalities such as ship requests; clearer explanations of the noise floors of OBS instrumentation; improved clarity of instrument pricing and availability; standardized data output formats and data validation; and archiving in established seismological data centers. These efforts should allow improved experiment design in scientifically interesting regions with an offshore component and an easier, clearer way to organize large-scale, multi-country experiments. We will present details of this initiative to help organize large-scale experiments, the particularities of OBS sensors and marine deployments, the available instrumentation and new developments.

Crawford, W.; Brisbourne, A.; D'Anna, G.; Flüh, E. R.; Galve, A.; Graindorge, D.; Harmon, N.; Henstock, T.; Klingelhöfer, F.; Mangano, G.; Matias, L.; Peirce, C.; Sallares, V.; Schmidt-Aursch, M.; Tilmann, F.; Voss, P.

2012-04-01

275

Sprawl City  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Created by environmental authors Leon Kolankiewicz and Roy Beck, Sprawl City is a site dedicated to informing and assisting the general public about the issues of sprawl and rural land lost in the United States. With oversight from a variety of academic and practicing planners, the site contains a host of information about the growing rate of sprawl among urbanized and urbanizing areas across the country. Most helpful are a series of studies by Kolankiewicz and Beck investigating sprawl in several different states and regions, including California, Florida, Minnesota, and the Chesapeake Bay watershed. Along with all of their reports and studies, a section of definitions offers a more concrete explanation of how "sprawl" and other terms are technically defined.

2000-01-01

276

Perceived values of recreational urban parks with reference to Simferopol in the Republic of Crimea and Raleigh in the USA  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article compares the values of the environment, and the sense of social and political responsibility in public recreational areas in two cities: Simferopol in Crimea in Ukraine, and Raleigh in North Carolina in the USA. The respondents were users of recreational urban park spaces and were assessed through a written survey of both populations. This study found both commonalities

Harold Stone

2005-01-01

277

ENHANCING SUSTAINABILITY BY SPINNING GREEN INTO A GREY INFRASTRUCTURE: THE DESIGN OF PARKS AND GREENWAYS IN A COMMUNITY'S FABRIC  

EPA Science Inventory

Students from the Texas A&M University Department of Recreation, Park, and Tourism Sciences will develop an ensemble of model policies and designs that can be used to incorporate a green infrastructure into a city's landscape for enhancing community sustainability. These prod...

278

Geology Fieldnotes: Theodore Roosevelt National Park, North Dakota  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This Theodore Roosevelt National Park site contains park geology information, park maps, photographs, related links, visitor information, and teacher features (resources for teaching geology with National Park examples). The park geology section discusses the Park's geologic history and the region's role in shaping Theodore Roosevelt's conservation efforts while he was President. The section also contains a link to information on the geology of Theodore Roosevelt National Park. The park maps section contains an area map as well as two maps detailing the North and South Units of the Park.

279

National Park Service, Nature & Science: Teacher Resources  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The National Park Service has developed this exemplary set of educational resources which draws on their greatest assets, namely national parks from Maine to Utah. The materials are specifically designed for teaching geology, but it's easy to see how these items could be incorporated into general science classes. The main area on their homepage features over a dozen teacher guides and park programs that feature detailed geology lessons that draw on the landscapes of Yosemite National Park and the dynamic volcanoes of Hawaii. On the right side of the page, visitors can scan through the "Highlights" area to learn more about online park images, park maps, and even peruse a calendar of upcoming educator workshops. The site is rounded out by the "Geology Books and Media" area, which features information about technical reports, textbooks, and geology-themed children's books.

280

Water resources management plan: Great Basin National Park  

Microsoft Academic Search

The enabling legislation creating Great Basin National Park calls for the National Park Service (NPS) to protect, manage, and administer the park in such manner as to conserve and protect the scenery as well as the natural, geologic, historic, and archaeological resources of the park. NPS policies require that each unit of the National Park System develop and implement a

R. W. Jacobs; M. Flora

1994-01-01

281

Geology Fieldnotes: Death Valley National Park, California/Nevada  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This Death Valley National Park site contains park geology information, park maps, photographs, visitor information, and teacher features (resources for teaching geology using National Park examples). The Park Geology section contains an exaggerated cross-section showing the vertical rise within Death Valley. A link is provided to Death Valley's expanded geology page.

282

Geology Fieldnotes: Arches National Park, Utah  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This park is located on the Colorado Plateau near Moab, Utah, and contains many arches and sculpted sedimentary rocks. The visible rock formations in the park are the Entrada and Navajo sandstones. Covered topics include the formation of arches in stages, different types of arches, as well as sizes and names (Delicate Arch being the most famous). The site also provides visitor information, photos, maps, additional links, and a teacher feature (tools for teaching geology with National Park examples).

Foos, Annabelle

283

USGS Repeat Photography Project: Glacier National Park  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This project, conducted by the United States Geological Survey (USGS), documents changes over time in the landscape of Glacier National Park, particularly the retreat of the park's glaciers. The project involves pairing historic photos from the park's archives with recent photos to illustrate how the landscape has changed. Users can view and download the photos in pairs with dates and a caption describing the scene and the changes that have taken place.

284

ParkNet: a mobile sensor network for harvesting real time vehicular parking information  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes the architecture and design of ParkNet, a mobile sensor network consisting of vehicles, which collects and disseminates real-time information about the availability of parking spaces in urban areas. We outline the broad challenges in real-time data collection and consumption by a mobile sensor network, as well as the design issues specific to ParkNet. Sensor nodes in ParkNet

Suhas Mathur; Sanjit Kaul; Marco Gruteser; Wade Trappe

2009-01-01

285

Tour of Park Geology: Sand Dunes  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This Park Geology site provides links to tours of individual National Parks, Monuments, and Recreation Areas with sand dunes. Where appropriate for each park, links are provided to maps, photographs, geologic research, related links, visitor information, and teacher features (resources for teaching geology with National Park examples). The list includes places such as Death Valley and Mojave National Preserve, along with less well-known areas such as the Pictured Rocks National Lakeshore in Michigan and the Wright Brothers National Memorial in North Carolina.

286

Photocopy of photograph (Source: National Park Service, U.S.S. Arizona Memorial, ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

Photocopy of photograph (Source: National Park Service, U.S.S. Arizona Memorial, from 14th Naval District Photograph Collection, PHOG No. P.H. 4464-45) Official USN Photo, 1945. REMOVAL OF SPLINTERPROOF SHELTER (FORMER FACILITY S 1122), LOCATED BETWEEN FACILITIES 1 AND 3 IN NAVAL SHIPYARD. - U.S. Naval Base, Pearl Harbor, Splinterproof Air Raid Shelters, Various locations throughout base, Pearl City, Honolulu County, HI

287

Pupils and Parks: Environmental Education in National Parks of Developing Countries.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes two conservation education programs that target local primary schools and use national parks in Malaysian Borneo (Kinabalu Park) and central Brazil (Morro do Diabo Park). Both were designed using a comprehensive systems evaluation model and both resulted in cognitive and affective gains for students. (LB)

Jacobson, Susan K.; Padua, Suzana M.

1992-01-01

288

Water Resources Management Plan: Arches National Park & Canyonlands National Park, Utah  

Microsoft Academic Search

The National Park Service recognizes the importance of preserving, conserving, and protecting water resources within its boundaries. Water resources, whether as large as the Colorado River or as small as a seep in Ernie's Country of Canyonlands National Park, play a distinctive role in linking ecosystems and , in general, provide habitat for a number of organisms. To protect park

Lynn Cudlip; Kevin Berghoff; David Vana-Miller

1999-01-01

289

Development of Models for Park Rangers' Perceived Isolation of National Park Service Areas  

Microsoft Academic Search

Asurvey of U.S. National Park Service (NPS) rangers examined perceived isolation, personality, and organizational variables. Park areas in a variety of isolated and nonisolated settings were sampled. Statistical indices in this study address issues of isolation previously noted as important in NPS areas. Indices relating to park distance from small urban areas reflect substantial elements of perceived isolation ratings. Models

Barrett Caldwell

1990-01-01

290

The US National Park Service's partnership parks: collaborative responses to middle landscapes  

Microsoft Academic Search

Historically, the US National Park Service (NPS) has been an uneasy, often unwelcome, presence in rural communities. Broader recent acceptance of non-traditional types of national park units has opened the door to more positive collaborative relationships between the NPS and rural communities. I present three case studies of ‘partnership parks’ that vary from extensive federal land ownership while retaining traditional

Elisabeth M Hamin

2001-01-01

291

Parks as Resources for Knowledge in Science (PARKS) National Program Evaluation Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document evaluates the Parks as Resources for Knowledge in Science (PARKS) project which supports environmental education in 36 National Parks across the United States and provides curriculum-based learning opportunities that integrate National Science Education Standards for teachers and students. Contents include: (1) "Executive…

Wiltz, L. Kate

292

Contamination of public parks in Presidente Prudente (São Paulo, Brazil) by Toxocara spp. eggs.  

PubMed

This study aims to evaluate soil contamination by Toxocara spp. eggs in public parks in Presidente Prudente, São Paulo, Brazil. Soil samples (500 g) were collected every month over a 12-month period, from 25 parks in different parts of the city (northern, southern, eastern, western and central areas). Two 10-g aliquots of the material collected from each park were subjected to the centrifuge-flotation method to recover Toxocara spp. eggs. Twenty-four out of the 25 squares studied (96.0%) were contaminated and the number of eggs recovered ranged from 1 to 398 per sample. Eggs were recovered all over the year. Despite the number being greater in autumn (p < 0.001), there was no correlation between number egg number and average monthly temperature (r = -0.492; p = 0.148) or between egg number and monthly rainfall (r = -0.299; p = 0.402). Park localization does not influence egg presence (p = 0.7116). Because of the high level of contamination of the parks by Toxocara spp. eggs, prevention of contamination of public areas by larva migrans agents is indicated. PMID:23070451

Santarém, Vamilton Alvares; Pereira, Vanessa Cristina; Alegre, Beatriz Cristina Porto

2012-01-01

293

Amphibians of Olympic National Park  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Amphibians evolved from fishes about 360 million years ago and were the first vertebrates adapted to life on land. The word amphibian means "double life." It refers to the life history of many amphibians, which spend part of their life in water and part on land. There are three major groups of amphibians: salamanders, frogs, and toads, and caecilians. Salamanders, frogs, and toads can be found in Olympic National Park (ONP), but caecilians live only in tropical regions. Many amphibians are generalist predators, eating almost any prey they can fit into their mouths.

U.S. Geological Survey

2000-01-01

294

Everglades National Park: Educational Resources  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This educational resource from the Everglades National Park provides a variety of activities for grades K-6. Covering a wide variety of life science subjects, lesson plans include habitat, food chains, biodiversity, and more. A geography lesson is included, but is most applicable for those living in Florida. There are lots of additional teacher resources for honing up on Everglades-related topics, as well as reading lists for students and teachers. These lesson plans provide some good information that can be incorporated into science or geography classrooms, regardless of where the students live.

2007-11-28

295

Reno Industrial Park geothermal district heating system  

SciTech Connect

Ten miles south of Reno, on U.S. 395 near the junction of the road to historic Virginia City, is Steamboat Hot Springs, a popular stop for travelers since the mid-1800s. Legend has it that Mark Twain named the geothermal area because it looked and sounded like a chugging Mississippi River paddle-wheeler. It is said when he first saw the steam rising from the ground he exclaimed, {open_quotes}Behold! A Steamboat in the desert.{close_quotes} Over the years, the area has been used for its relaxing and curative qualities by Indians, settlers, and geothermal experts. Since the mid-1980s five geothermal power plants have been built at Steamboat Springs and in December 1996 it was announced that the proposed largest geothermal district heating system in the U.S. would supply an industrial park in the area. The active geothermal area is located within the north-south trending graben like trough between the Carson and Virginia Ranges at the southern end of Truckee Meadows. Hot springs and other geothermal features occur over an area of about one square mile. The mid-basin location is controlled by faulting more or less parallel to the major mountain-front faults. It is believed that the heat source for the system is a cooling magmatic body at depth. The Steamboat geothermal area consists of a deep, high-temperature (215{degrees}C to 240{degrees} C) geothermal system, a shallower, moderate-temperature (160{degrees}C to 18{degrees} C) system, and a number of shallow low-temperature (30{degrees}C to 80{degrees}C) subsystems. The higher temperature systems are used for electric-power generation. It is proposed that the exit fluids from the electric power plants be used for the geothermal district heating system.

Lienau, P.J.

1997-04-01

296

36 CFR 7.39 - Mesa Verde National Park.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Forests, and Public Property NATIONAL PARK SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR...accompanied by a uniformed National Park Service employee. However, the...demonstrable value to the National Park Service in its management or...

2013-07-01

297

36 CFR 7.47 - Carlsbad Caverns National Park.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Forests, and Public Property NATIONAL PARK SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR...supervision of employees of the National Park Service, no person shall enter any...demonstrable value to the National Park Service in its management or...

2013-07-01

298

36 CFR 7.22 - Grand Teton National Park.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Forests, and Public Property NATIONAL PARK SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR...September 14, 1950, which the National Park Service recognized as base lands appurtenant...grazing recognized by the National Park Service. (iv) If title to...

2010-07-01

299

36 CFR 7.11 - Saguaro National Park.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Parks, Forests, and Public Property 1 2013-07-01...Parks, Forests, and Public Property NATIONAL PARK SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR...taking into consideration public health and safety, natural and cultural resource...

2013-07-01

300

United States Park Police: A History.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The United States Park Police is a unique organization within the National Park Service (NPS). It is the oldest NPS component, predating its adoptive parent by half a century (or more, some would argue). Its personnel wear distinctive uniforms, perform sp...

B. Mackintosh

1989-01-01

301

NATIONAL PARK SITING AND HUMAN GEOGRAPHY  

Microsoft Academic Search

The choice of a site for a national park includes an evaluation of the natural beauty and value of the physical geography as well as socioeconomic conditions in the surrounding area. For some parks, consideration of the human geography was of little import because of the sparse population, but in other cases (primarily in the East), whole communities were displaced

Margaret F. Boorstein

1992-01-01

302

PARKING MANAGEMENT STRATEGIES FOR REDUCING AUTOMOBILE EMISSIONS  

EPA Science Inventory

This report defines the concept of parking management and explores how parking management can be used to improve air quality, support mass transit, reduce energy consumption and improve the amenities of life in urban areas. Specific aspects of this analysis were developments of a...

303

How Safe Are School and Park Playgrounds?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Playgrounds traditionally have been found in both schools and parks in America. Each year, parent-teacher associations and school administrations, as well as park and recreation departments, spend millions of dollars to provide playground structures. However, since 1981, HPER professionals and the public have become increasingly aware that these…

Hudson, Susan D.; Thompson, Donna; Olsen, Heather

2005-01-01

304

Logistics service quality evaluation on logistics park  

Microsoft Academic Search

Logistics parks as infrastructures promoting modern logistics, have an extremely important role in the modern logistics system. This article firstly analyses the logistics services process of logistics parks, and finds out the elements of logistics services quality. Then, the paper designs a service quality evaluation model through analytic hierarchy process and fuzzy comprehensive evaluation methods. The evaluation model could help

Feng Ning; Zhang Mingli; Tang Saili

2011-01-01

305

Geology Fieldnotes: Keweenaw National Historic Park, Michigan  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This National Park Service site provides geological history, visitor information, maps, and selected links for further details. This park is located on the Keweenaw Peninsula on Lake Superior in Michigan, situated on a 1.1 billion year old (Precambrian) continental rift. The history is traced back to the days of copper mining by the Calumet and Hecla Mining Company.

306

Private Sector Thinking Saves Park U.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Recounts the restructuring and resulting survival of Park University (Missouri) over the last decade. A process of evaluating the university's competitive strategy resulted in changes in tuition pricing; development of the Park School of Distance Learning, which serves primarily military installations; minority student marketing; and development…

Breckon, Donald; Gibb, John

2000-01-01

307

Fuzzy Parking Manoeuvres of Wheeled Mobile Robots  

Microsoft Academic Search

This work deals with the parking manoeuvres problem for a wheeled mobile robot (WMR). The robot has the same non-holonomic kinematic constraint that has a car vehicle. This constraint makes the robot having its direction always tangent to the trajectory. Two sub-cases of parking problems are considered. These are forward and backward maneuvers, aiming to stabilize the robot at a

Amar KHOUKHI; Luc BARON; Marek BALAZINSKI

2007-01-01

308

Geologic Education in Some Wisconsin State Parks.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discussed is a geology education program which includes hikes, lectures, naturalist training sessions, workshops, writing, collecting, upgrading park facilities, and producing exhibits in state parks in the Lake Michigan District of Wisconsin. The importance of public education and sources of public information are stressed. (CW)

Schneider, Allan F.

1989-01-01

309

Instruction and Delight: Theme Parks and Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Education continues to operate as an enclave of elite culture and is battling for interest and respect with the mass media, technology, and the popular arts. These cultures must be brought together. Using the creative ideas generated by theme parks is an effective method of importing popular culture into the schools. Theme parks provide a total…

King, Margaret J.

310

iParking: An Intelligent Indoor Location-Based Smartphone Parking Service  

PubMed Central

Indoor positioning technologies have been widely studied with a number of solutions being proposed, yet substantial applications and services are still fairly primitive. Taking advantage of the emerging concept of the connected car, the popularity of smartphones and mobile Internet, and precise indoor locations, this study presents the development of a novel intelligent parking service called iParking. With the iParking service, multiple parties such as users, parking facilities and service providers are connected through Internet in a distributed architecture. The client software is a light-weight application running on a smartphone, and it works essentially based on a precise indoor positioning solution, which fuses Wireless Local Area Network (WLAN) signals and the measurements of the built-in sensors of the smartphones. The positioning accuracy, availability and reliability of the proposed positioning solution are adequate for facilitating the novel parking service. An iParking prototype has been developed and demonstrated in a real parking environment at a shopping mall. The demonstration showed how the iParking service could improve the parking experience and increase the efficiency of parking facilities. The iParking is a novel service in terms of cost- and energy-efficient solution.

Liu, Jingbin; Chen, Ruizhi; Chen, Yuwei; Pei, Ling; Chen, Liang

2012-01-01

311

Are Cities Dying?  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper organizes a discussion of the costs and benefits of cities around the question: Are cities becoming obsolete? While minimizing transport costs for manufactured goods no longer justifies the existence of cities, they still facilitate the division of labor and the flow of ideas. Cities' higher housing, commuting, and pollution costs seem stable over time. Only the costs associated

Edward L. Glaeser

1998-01-01

312

Geologic Heritage in the National Parks  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

What is geologic heritage, you ask? In short, it "encompasses the significant geologic features, landforms, and landscapes characteristic of our Nation." The National Park Service has a special program to document these sites and to provide the public with resources about these unique destinations. The materials here are divided into four featured programs: Fossil Resources, Geologic Heritage Conservation, Park Geology Tour, and Cave and Karst Resources. Using the Park Geology Tour, visitors can search through thematic areas such as glaciers, fossils, and plate tectonics to find highlights from a vast array of National Park units. The Cave and Karst Resources program brings together resources on some of the over 4,900 caves in the National Park system, along with detailed photo galleries, newsletters, and brochures. Finally, under Fossil Resources visitors can find information about National Fossil Day and even helpful lesson plans for teachers.

2013-03-22

313

A natural experiment to examine the impact of park renewal on park-use and park-based physical activity in a disadvantaged neighbourhood: the REVAMP study methods  

PubMed Central

Background Modifying the built environment by improving parks is potentially a sustainable way to increase population level physical activity. Despite considerable investment in parks and park renovations, few natural experiments on the impact of improving amenities on park use and park-based physical activity have been conducted. REVAMP is a natural experiment that aims to examine whether park improvement increases overall park usage, park-based physical activity and active travel to and from the park in the intervention compared with the control park over a two-year period; and to identify which specific aspects of the park refurbishment attracts park visitors and encourages park users to be more active. This paper describes the methods of the REVAMP study. Methods The intervention park is a large regional park (329 hectares) located in a low socio-economic status (SES) area in the north-eastern suburbs of Melbourne, Australia. The control park is a regional park (120 hectares) located in a high SES area in the eastern suburbs of Melbourne. Multiple methodologies to evaluate the impact of the park renovation are being employed including: cross-sectional surveys of local residents living near the two parks, direct observations of park users, intercept surveys with park users, and electronic monitoring of path usage and car traffic within the parks. Baseline measures were conducted in April-May 2013 (T1), and an innovative play space suitable for children of all ages and abilities was installed at the intervention park between September 2013 and February 2014. Follow-up measures will be repeated in April-May 2014 (T2) and April-May 2015 (T3). All methodologies will be completed at both the intervention and control parks at all three time-points, with the exception of the cross-sectional survey of local residents which will only be conducted at T1 and T3. Conclusion This research will inform future park developments, and will contribute to creating an evidence base of the impact of park refurbishment, and the development of natural experiment methodology. Trial Registration Current controlled trial ISRCTN50745547, registration date 11.1.2014.

2014-01-01

314

Happy Hollow Park and Zoo  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Happy Hollow Park and Zoo participates in conservation and propagation of rare and endangered species by providing hands-on experience with many animals along with the education that's necessary to secure the future of endangered species. The Zoo is in partnership with a number of organizations, including the Belize Audubon Society, the Bushmeat Crisis Task Force, the Center for Ecosystem Survival, the Orangutan Conservancy, and the Ngamba Island Chimpanzee Sanctuary, to help educate the public and raise funds to protect endangered species. The interactive exhibit, Backyard Habitat, was constructed in partnership with Watershed Watch by the Happy Hollow staff using conservation grant dollars. It provides visitors with ideas on how they might turn their own backyard into wildlife habitats. Guests may also obtain a handy pamphlet at this exhibit, Invite Wildlife Into Your Backyard. Educational programs also include Pre-K classes, teacher/classroom programs, camps, Scouts programs and Zoofaris guided tours.

315

New Literacies in Schome Park  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this chapter I deploy a synthesis of methods I term virtual literacy ethnography to investigate the diverse literacy practices of the Schome Park project (SPP). This project worked with teenagers on the first European "closed" (i.e. protected) island in the 3D virtual world Teen Second LifeTM (TSL) as described in the previous chapter. Firstly I introduce an ethnographic perspective on this lengthy, rich project and reflect on my own interpretive approach. Introducing my own focus of interest, the new literacy practices fostered by the environment and in particular activities I judge to be especially creative, I begin to develop the methodology of a "virtual literacy ethnography". I show how the diverse multimodal affordances of the communicative domains are imaginatively exploited by the students, supported by peers and staff in an environment characterised by "fluid leadership". I include some analysis of literacy work around a genre traditionally valued by educators, a dictionary, which I was not involved in at the time. I suggest this is an exemplar literacy practice, creative in itself and illustrative of the methodological possibilities and of course limitations linked with the technologies utilised. Traditional distinctions between "reading" and "writing" become permeable in interesting ways as new creative practices, fostered by the environment of the Schome Park programme, emerged. I offer support for Kress's (2005) claim that changes in writing and reading practices amount to a "revolution in the world of communication." In conclusion, I claim that virtual literacy ethnography, as I have proposed it here, can be fruitful in exploring the complexity and creativity of the students' literacy practices, although more developmental work is needed.

Gillen, Julia

316

Geology of Death Valley National Park  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site of the United States Geologic Survey (USGS) and the National Park Service (NPS) highlights the geologic history of Death Valley National Park in Nevada and California. The story begins 1.8 billion years ago with the formation of rocks and continues through uplift, faulting, volcanism, early animals of the area, glaciers, and the making of deserts and dunes. A geologic timescale connects to specific events in the history of Death Valley. There are topographic maps of the area, a field trip of the park, an image gallery, and technical papers available to download.

317

Geology Fieldnotes: Yosemite National Park, California  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This National Park Service (NPS) site details Yosemite National Park in California with information such as geology, photographs, links to maps and other facts, and visitor information. Yosemite's landscape is shaped by alpine glaciation landforms such as moraines, plucking, scouring, and U-shaped valleys. Part of the Sierra Nevada mountain range, formation of the area began 500 million years ago (Cambrian). This site details the geologic history of the park up to the present time with continued evolution through weathering and erosion. Also discussed are the wilderness and vegetation (sub-alpine and Sequoia groves).

318

Terrain classification maps of Yellowstone National Park  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A cooperative ERTS-1 investigation involving U. S. Geological Survey, National Park Service, and Environmental Research Institure of Michigan (ERIM) personnel has as its goal the preparation of terrain classification maps for the entire Yellowstone National Park. Excellent coverage of the park was obtained on 6 August 1972 (frame 1015-17404). Preliminary terrain classification maps have been prepared at ERIM by applying multispectral pattern recognition techniques to ERTS-MSS digital taped data. The color coded terrain maps are presented and discussed. The discussion includes qualitative and quantitative accuracy estimates and discussion of processing techniques.

Thomson, F. J.; Roller, N. E. G.

1973-01-01

319

Suggestions for China's Logistics Parks Based on Japan's Experience  

Microsoft Academic Search

Japan, as one of the most developed country in logistics field in the world, has developed its logistics parks earlier. This paper takes Japan's logistics park as the subject in research. By analyzing Japan's experiences of developing logistics parks, this paper tempts to find out problems in China's logistics parks and put forward suggestions for further development and construction .The

Fuhua Wang

2009-01-01

320

Study on the Layout Planning of Logistics Park Using SLP  

Microsoft Academic Search

Logistics park is a product of modem Logistics. One of the most important and fundamental problems about logistics park is the planning of logistics park. The reasonable layout planning of logistics park would effectively lower the work intensity and difficulty of internal logistics, which also would improve the competitive ability of enterprise. The influence of logistics sequence and amount of

Zhang Changsen

2010-01-01

321

Analysis of China's Logistics Parks Based on Germany's Experience  

Microsoft Academic Search

Germany, as one of the most developed country in logistics field in the world, has developed its logistics parks earlier. This paper takes Germany's logistics park as the subject in research. By analyzing Germany's experiences of developing logistics parks, this paper tempts to find out problems in China's logistics parks and put forward suggestions for further development and construction.

Fuhua Wang

2009-01-01

322

36 CFR 7.41 - Big Bend National Park.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Public Property 1 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Big Bend National Park. 7.41 Section 7.41 Parks, Forests...SPECIAL REGULATIONS, AREAS OF THE NATIONAL PARK SYSTEM § 7.41 Big Bend National Park. (a) Fishing; closed...

2013-07-01

323

Building for Quality Education--The Educational Park Concept.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Speakers and discussions at this one day conference were dedicated to building for quality education, with major emphasis on the concept of educational parks. The five major speeches are--(1) Advantages and Disadvantages of Educational Parks, (2) Educational Parks: Appalachian Style, emphasizing a twist in the park idea in order to accommodate…

McClurkin, W.D.

324

NATIONAL PARK SERVICE TRANSPORTATION PLANNING AND TRAFFIC ENGINEERING  

Microsoft Academic Search

Transportation problems stemming from expanding park visitation are a major concern of national park system officials. Visitor use during peak seasons strain the capacity of visitor facilities, park roads, and parking facilities and threaten sensitive natural and cultural resources. This article focuses on meeting the needs of visitors and the alternative means of transporting those visitors. Well-conceived visitor transportation systems

W D Byrne; E J Schumm

1995-01-01

325

36 CFR 7.39 - Mesa Verde National Park.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-07-01 2009-07-01 false Mesa Verde National Park. 7.39 Section 7...NATIONAL PARK SYSTEM § 7.39 Mesa Verde National Park. (a) Visiting...commercial automobiles and buses to Mesa Verde National Park, contained in §...

2009-07-01

326

36 CFR 7.39 - Mesa Verde National Park.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Mesa Verde National Park. 7.39 Section 7...NATIONAL PARK SYSTEM § 7.39 Mesa Verde National Park. (a) Visiting...commercial automobiles and buses to Mesa Verde National Park, contained in §...

2010-07-01

327

36 CFR 7.2 - Crater Lake National Park.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Crater Lake National Park. 7.2 Section 7...AREAS OF THE NATIONAL PARK SYSTEM § 7.2 Crater Lake National Park. (a) Fishing. Fishing in Crater Lake and park streams is permitted...

2010-07-01

328

36 CFR 7.2 - Crater Lake National Park.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-07-01 2009-07-01 false Crater Lake National Park. 7.2 Section 7...AREAS OF THE NATIONAL PARK SYSTEM § 7.2 Crater Lake National Park. (a) Fishing. Fishing in Crater Lake and park streams is permitted...

2009-07-01

329

9. VIEW FROM MANY PARKS CURVE (ON TRAIL RIDGE ROAD) ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

9. VIEW FROM MANY PARKS CURVE (ON TRAIL RIDGE ROAD) OF HORSESHOE PARK, SHOWING FALL RIVER ROAD FAINTLY AT LEFT AT BASE OF SHEEP MOUNTAIN AND CROSSING ALLUVIAL FAN FROM LAWN LAKE FLOOD. - Fall River Road, Between Estes Park & Fall River Pass, Estes Park, Larimer County, CO

330

36 CFR 7.2 - Crater Lake National Park.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Crater Lake National Park. 7.2 Section 7.2...THE NATIONAL PARK SYSTEM § 7.2 Crater Lake National Park. (a) Fishing. Fishing in Crater Lake and park streams is permitted from May...

2013-07-01

331

Economic Benefits to Local Communities from National Park Visitation, 2011.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The National Park System received 278.9 million recreation visits in 2011. Park visitors spent $12.95 billion in local gateway regions (within roughly 60 miles of the park). Visitors staying overnight outside the park (in motels, hotels, cabins, and bed a...

E. Mahoney T. Herbowicz Y. Cui

2013-01-01

332

Parks and People: An Environmental Justice Inquiry in Baltimore, Maryland  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article examines the distribution of parks in Baltimore, Maryland, as an environmental justice issue. In addition to established methods for measuring distribution of and access to parks, we employ a novel park service area approach that uses Thiessen polygons and dasymetric reapportioning of census data to measure potential park congestion as an equity outcome measure. We find that a

Christopher G. Boone; Geoffrey L. Buckley; J. Morgan Grove; Chona Sister

2009-01-01

333

Jerusalem: City of Dreams, City of Sorrows  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Jerusalem is more than an intriguing global historical city; it is a classroom for liberal learning and international understanding. It had never been a city of one language, one religion and one culture. Looking at the origins of Jerusalem's name indicates its international and multicultural nature. While Israelis designate Jerusalem as their…

Ricks, Thomas

2011-01-01

334

Rural Latino Youth Park Use: Characteristics, Park Amenities, and Physical Activity  

Microsoft Academic Search

Less than half of youth engage in sufficient physical activity to achieve health benefits. Key environmental factors of park\\u000a and recreation spaces may influence youth physical activity. We sought to ascertain youth characteristics and behaviors that\\u000a attract youth to parks with specific amenities and encourage physical activity while at the parks in a rural, predominantly\\u000a Latino community. We examined the

Cynthia K. PerryBrain; Brain E. Saelens; Beti Thompson

2011-01-01

335

Earth Parking Orbit and Translunar Injection.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The objectives of this slide presentation are to (1) Describe the general characteristics of the Earth Parking Orbit (EPO) and Translunar Injection (TLI) (2) List the general activities that occurred during EPO (4) State what went into verifying a working...

M. Interbartolo

2009-01-01

336

Yellowstone National Park Visitor Study, Summer 2011.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This visitor study report profiles a systematic random sample of Yellowstone National Park (NP) visitors during July 23-29, 2011. In total, 1314 questionnaires were distributed to visitor groups. Of those, 900 questionnaires were returned, resulting in a ...

C. Kulesza J. Gramann S. J. Hollenhorst Y. Le

2012-01-01

337

National Park Service: Data and Information  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The National Park Service Data and Information Web site contains several helpful links for data related to the Parks. The Data Clearinghouse link has national and regional data sets such as civil war and land status data, local and regional historic and scenic trails data sets, and information on the Virgin Islands in a well designed and easily browseable format. The Interactive Map Center allows visitors to explore the National Parks using interactive interfaces, while other links explain the National Park Service's standards and specifications, and how to use metadata correctly with other data. The unique and limited scope of the data makes the site a good example of how the Web is increasingly becoming an excellent source for hard-to-find free information.

338

Metropolitan and Regional Parks. Phase II.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The second phase of the Council's Regional and Metropolitan Parks Report has re-evaluated the regional facilities of the phase one report in relation to new definitions, criteria, and standards; recently adopted goals, objectives, and policies; and variou...

L. D. Leitner

1971-01-01

339

32 CFR 263.10 - Parking.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Continued) OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY OF DEFENSE (CONTINUED) MISCELLANEOUS TRAFFIC AND VEHICLE CONTROL ON CERTAIN DEFENSE MAPPING AGENCY SITES § 263.10 Parking. (a) No person, unless otherwise authorized by a posted traffic sign or...

2013-07-01

340

Everglades National Park Annual Report, 1998.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

We are pleased to submit this annual report for Everglades National Park. 1998 continued a record of progress in meeting the challenges and opportunities of preserving this great natural treasure for the benefit of current and future generations of Americ...

1998-01-01

341

Macroscopic car condensation in a parking garage  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

An asymmetric exclusion process type process, where cars move forward along a closed road that starts and terminates at a parking garage, displays dynamic phase transitions into two types of condensate phases where the garage becomes macroscopically occupied. The total car density ?o and the exit probability ? from the garage are the two control parameters. At the transition, the number of parked cars Np diverges in both cases, with the length of the road Ns, as Np~Nyps with yp=1/2. Towards the transition, the number of parked cars vanishes as Np~?? with ?=1, ?=|?-?*| or ?=|?*o-?o| being the distance from the transition. The transition into the normal phase represents also the onset of transmission of information through the garage. This gives rise to unusual parked car autocorrelations and car density profiles near the garage, which depend strongly on the group velocity of the fluctuations along the road.

Ha, Meesoon; den Nijs, Marcel

2002-09-01

342

15 CFR 265.17 - Parking permits.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...AND CONDUCT ON THE GROUNDS OF THE NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF STANDARDS & TECHNOLOGY, GAITHERSBURG, MARYLAND, AND BOULDER AND FORT COLLINS, COLORADO Traffic and Vehicular Regulations § 265.17 Parking permits. No person, except visitors, shall...

2009-01-01

343

Effects of metal mining and milling on boundary waters of Yellowstone National Park, USA  

SciTech Connect

Aquatic resources in Soda Butte Creek within Yellowstone National Park, USA, continue to be threatened by heavy metals from historical mining and milling activities that occurred upstream of the park`s boundary. This includes the residue of gold, silver, and copper ore mining and processing in the early 1900s near Cooke City, Montana, just downstream of the creek`s headwaters. Toxicity tests, using surrogate test species, and analyses of metals in water, sediments, and macroinvertebrate tissue were conducted from 1993 to 1995. Chronic toxicity to test species was greater in the spring than the fall and metal concentrations were elevated in the spring with copper exceeding water quality criteria in 1995. Tests with amphipods using pore water and whole sediment from the creek and copper concentrations in the tissue of macroinvertebrates and fish also suggest that copper is the metal of concern in the watershed. In order to understand current conditions in Soda Butte Creek, heavy metals, especially copper, must be considered important factors in the aquatic and riparian ecosystems within and along the creek extending into Yellowstone National Park.

Nimmo, D.R.; Willox, M.J.; Lafrancois, T.D.; Chapman, P.L. [Colorado State Univ., Fort Collins, CO (United States)] [Colorado State Univ., Fort Collins, CO (United States); Brinkman, S.F. [Colorado Div. of Wildlife, Fort Collins, CO (United States)] [Colorado Div. of Wildlife, Fort Collins, CO (United States); Greene, J.C. [Environmental Protection Agency, Corvallis, OR (United States)] [Environmental Protection Agency, Corvallis, OR (United States)

1998-11-01

344

Change in the dendrochemistry of sacred fir close to Mexico City over the past 100 years  

Microsoft Academic Search

The chemistry of the tree-rings of sacred fir (Abies religiosa) growing in the high elevation forest park, Desierto de los Leones, close to Mexico City was measured in 5 year increments dating back to 1897. Surface soil beneath sampled trees had elevated concentrations of trace metals, especially Pb, Cd and Zn, compared with a reference site at San Pablo 45

S. A. Watmough; T. C. Hutchinson

1999-01-01

345

New Academic Complex: The City University of New York/Baruch College.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document describes a new $168 million 14-story building for Baruch College of the City University of New York located near Gramercy Park in Manhattan and containing 40 percent of Baruch's total campus area in one building envelope. The report outlines the design challenges and resolutions and provides numerous design drawings, floor plans,…

2001

346

URBAN FACTORS AND THE INTENSITY OF HEAT ISLAND IN THE CITY OF CHENNAI  

Microsoft Academic Search

Creation of cities leads to the removal of natural landscape with built up spaces, parking lots, roads etc, through highly reflective materials, affecting the local climate in a dramatic scale. The climatic changes in the urban areas are often characterized by increase in air temperatures and are termed as the Urban Heat Island Effect (UHIE). Major factors contributing to the

Monsingh D. Devadas; Lilly Rose A

347

Central City Business.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Business owners and managers from 10 large cities were surveyed regarding (1) perceptions of their cities' business climate; (2) plans for increasing/decreasing their work force; and (3) whether they had considered moving/closing their businesses. Results suggest that for central city business to thrive, improvement must occur in urban quality of…

Matz, Deborah

1981-01-01

348

Smart cities in Europe  

Microsoft Academic Search

Urban performance currently depends not only on the city’s endowment of hard infrastructure (‘physical capital’), but also, and increasingly so, on the availability and quality of knowledge communication and social infrastructure (‘human and social capital’). The latter form of capital is decisive for urban competitiveness. Against this background, the concept of the ‘smart city’ has recently been introduced as a

A. Caragliu; C. Del Bo; P. Nijkamp

2009-01-01

349

Standardizing city tourism statistics  

Microsoft Academic Search

The major problems that city tourism managers face are the availability and comparability of market research information for their own city and their strongest competitors. To overcome this problem in market volume and share studies on European city tourism, an intelligent database system was developed. A comprehensive knowledge acquisition process on the quality and comparability of the statistics led to

Karl W Wöber

2000-01-01

350

Acid Rain in Shenandoah National Park, Virginia  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Visitors to Shenandoah National Park (SNP) enjoy the animal and plant life and the scenery but may not realize how vulnerable these features are to various threats, such as invasion of exotic plants and insects, improper use of park resources by humans, and air and water pollution. The National Park Service strives to protect natural resources from such threats to ensure that the resources will be available for enjoyment now and in the future. Because SNP has limited influence over the air pollution that envelops the region, acidic deposition--commonly known as acid rain--is one of the more challenging threats facing park managers. With the help of U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) scientists, park managers can understand how acid rain interacts with ground- and surface-water resources, which enables them to explain why reductions in air pollution can help preserve park resources. Such understanding also provides essential insight into ecosystem processes, as managers strive to unravel and resolve other environmental problems that are interrelated to acid rain.

Rice, Karen C.; Deviney, Frank A., Jr.; Olson, Gordon

2007-01-01

351

Concept of Lunar Energy Park  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper presents a new concept of energy supply system named Lunar Energy Park (LEP) as one of the next-generation clean energy sources. In this concept, electricity is generated by nuclear power plants built on the moon and then transmitted to receiving stations on the earth by laser beam through transporting systems situated in geostationary orbit. The lunar nuclear power plants use a high-efficiency composite energy conversion system consisting of thermionic and thermoelectric generators to change nuclear thermal energy into electricity directly. The nuclear resources are considered to be available from the moon, and nuclear fuel transport from earth to moon is not necessary. Because direct energy conversion systems are employed, the lunar nuclear plants can be operated and controlled by robots and are maintenance-free, and so will cause no pollution to humans. The key technologies for LEP include improvements of conversion efficiency of both thermionic and thermoelectric converters, and developments of laser-beam power transmission technology as well. The details, including the construction of lunar nuclear plants, energy conversion and energy transmission systems, as well as the research plan strategies for this concept are reviewed.

Niino, Masayuki; Kisara, Katsuto; Chen, Lidong

1993-10-01

352

National Park Service: Dry Tortugas  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The website for the Dry Tortugas, a group of seven islands 70 miles off the coast of Key West, and a National Park site, will warm visitors instantly with its photos of the blue and green waters and sun-kissed lands. The website also offers visitors lots of background on these islands that are "near-pristine natural resources including sea grass beds, fisheries, and sea turtle and bird nesting habitat." On the left hand side of the homepage are links to "History and Culture", "Photos and Multimedia", "Nature and Science", and "For Kids". The "History and Culture" section called "Places" provides the Tortugas' history as a "ship trap" with the subcategories "Windjammer Shipwreck", "Fort Jefferson" and "Lighthouses". Visitors shouldn't miss checking out the "Preservation" category, which includes "Submerged Cultural Resources". Visitors can view a short slide show of the underwater cultural treasures on which archaeological survey crews conduct condition assessments. Some of the treasures include cannons and anchors that now reside in the South Florida Collections Management Center.

353

Proximity to Urban Parks and Mental Health  

PubMed Central

Background Urban parks have received attention in recent years as a possible environmental factor that could encourage physical activity, prevent obesity, and reduce the incidence of chronic conditions. Despite long hypothesized benefits of parks for mental health, few park studies incorporate mental health measures. Aims of the Study To test the association between proximity to urban parks and psychological distress. Methods Cross-sectional analysis of individual health survey responses. Data were collected for a study of capital improvements of neighborhood parks in Los Angeles. A survey was fielded on a sample of residential addresses, stratified by distance from the park (within 400m, 800m, 1.6 km, and 3.2km; N=1070). We used multiple regression to estimate the relationship between the psychological distress as measured by the MHI-5 (outcome variable) and distance to parks (main explanatory variable), controlling for observed individual characteristics. Results Mental health is significantly related to residential distance from parks, with the highest MHI-5 scores among residents within short walking distance from the park (400m) and decreasing significantly over the next distances. The number of visits and physical activity minutes are significantly and independently related to distance, although controlling for them does not reduce the association between distance and mental health. Discussion and Limitations This paper provides a new data point for an arguably very old question, but for which empirical data are sparse for the US. A nearby urban park is associated with the same mental health benefits as decreasing local unemployment rates by 2 percentage points, suggesting at least the potential of environmental interventions to improve mental health. The analysis is cross-sectional, making it impossible to control for important confounders, including residential selection. Implications for Health Policy Mental health policy has traditionally focused on individual-centered interventions. Just as health policy for preventable chronic illnesses has shifted attention to modifiable environmental determinants, population mental health may benefit substantially from environmental interventions. Implications for Future Research Policy evaluations should incorporate mental health measures when assessing neighborhood improvement programs and physical environments. Many recent and ongoing studies have excluded mental health measure in the belief that they are too burdensome for respondents or irrelevant. If a causal relationship is confirmed, then ameliorating neighborhood conditions and physical environments could represent a scalable way to improve mental health issues for large populations.

Sturm, Roland; Cohen, Deborah

2014-01-01

354

Strategies for sustainable development of industrial park in Ulsan, South Korea--from spontaneous evolution to systematic expansion of industrial symbiosis.  

PubMed

The Korea National Cleaner Production Center (KNCPC) affiliated to the Korea Institute of Industrial Technology (KITECH) has started a 15 year, 3-phase EIP master plan with the support of Ministry of Commerce, Industry, and Energy (MOCIE). A total of 6 industrial parks, including industrial parks in Ulsan city, known as the industrial capital of South Korea, are planning projects to find the feasibility of shifting existing industrial parks to eco-industrial parks. The basic survey shows that Ulsan industrial complex has been continuously evolving from conventional industrial complexes to eco-industrial parks by spontaneous industrial symbiosis. This paper describes the Korean national policies and the developmental activities of this vision to drive the global trend of innovation for converting the existing industrial parks to eco-industrial parks through inter-industry waste, energy, and material exchange in Ulsan Industrial complexes. In addition, the primary and supportive components of the Ulsan EIP pilot project, which will be implemented for 5 years is elaborated with its schedules and economic benefits. PMID:17337322

Park, Hung-Suck; Rene, Eldon R; Choi, Soo-Mi; Chiu, Anthony S F

2008-04-01

355

77 FR 59662 - National Park Service Alaska Region's Subsistence Resource Commission Program; Open Public...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR National Park Service [NPS-AKR-ANIA-11187; 9924-PYS] National Park Service Alaska Region's Subsistence...Teleconference AGENCY: National Park Service, Interior. ACTION:...

2012-09-28

356

78 FR 62658 - Proposed Information Collection; National Park Service Leasing Program  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR National Park Service [NPS-WASO-BSAD-CONC-13365...Proposed Information Collection; National Park Service Leasing Program AGENCY: National Park Service, Interior. ACTION:...

2013-10-22

357

Anaglyph, Salt Lake City, Utah  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The 2002 Winter Olympics are hosted by Salt Lake City at several venues within the city, in nearby cities, and within the adjacent Wasatch Mountains. This anaglyph image provides a stereoscopic map view of north central Utah that includes all of these Olympic sites. In the south, next to Utah Lake, Provo hosts the ice hockey competition. In the north, northeast of the Great Salt Lake, Ogden hosts curling and the nearby Snowbasin ski area hosts the downhill events. In between, southeast of the Great Salt Lake, Salt Lake City hosts the Olympic Village and the various skating events. Further east, across the Wasatch Mountains, the Park City ski resort hosts the bobsled, ski jumping, and snowboarding events. The Winter Olympics are always hosted in mountainous terrain. This view shows the dramatic landscape that makes the Salt Lake City region a world-class center for winter sports.

The stereoscopic effect of this anaglyph was created by first draping a Landsat satellite image over a Shuttle Radar Topography Mission digital elevation model and then generating two differing perspectives, one for each eye. When viewed through special glasses, the result is a vertically exaggerated view of Earth's surface in its full three dimensions. Anaglyph glasses cover the left eye with a red filter and cover the right eye with a blue filter.

Landsat has been providing visible and infrared views of the Earth since 1972. SRTM elevation data matches the 30-meter (98-foot) resolution of most Landsat images and will substantially help in analyzing the large and growing Landsat image archive, managed by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS).

Elevation data used in this image was acquired by the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) aboard the Space Shuttle Endeavour, launched on Feb. 11, 2000. SRTM used the same radar instrument that comprised the Spaceborne Imaging Radar-C/X-Band Synthetic Aperture Radar (SIR-C/X-SAR) that flew twice on the Space Shuttle Endeavour in 1994. SRTM was designed to collect 3-D measurements of the Earth's surface. To collect the 3-D data, engineers added a 60-meter(approximately 200-foot) mast, installed additional C-band and X-band antennas, and improved tracking and navigation devices. The mission is a cooperative project between NASA, the National Imagery and Mapping Agency (NIMA) of the U.S. Department of Defense and the German and Italian space agencies. It is managed by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, Calif., for NASA's Earth Science Enterprise, Washington, D.C.

Size: 222 x 93.8 kilometers (138 x 58.2 miles) Location: 40.0 to 42.0 deg. North lat., 111.25 to 112.25.0 deg. West lon.(exactly) Orientation: North at top Image Data: Landsat Bands 3, 2, 1 as panchromatic grey. Original Data Resolution: SRTM 1 arcsecond (30 meters or 98 feet), Thematic Mapper 30 meters (98 feet) Date Acquired: February 2000 (SRTM), 1990s (Landsat 5 image mosaic)

2002-01-01

358

Chesapeake and Ohio Canal National Historical Park. State of the Parks.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Chesapeake and Ohio Canal National Historical Park (C&O Canal) extends 184.5 miles along the Potomac River, a treasure hidden in plain sight. From Georgetown in the District of Columbia to Cumberland, Maryland, the park preserves a wealth of our natio...

2004-01-01

359

Advancing the National Park Idea: National Parks Second Century Commission Report.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Park Service has taken positive steps to enhance branding and recognition of the parks through more uniform design standards for signage and publications. To carry that work forward, we call on Congress to simplify as far as possible the more than two...

2008-01-01

360

Grasshopper assemblage response to a restored national park (Mountain Zebra National Park, South Africa)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Twelve grassland sites were sampled inside and outside the Mountain Zebra National Park (MZNP), South Africa to assess changes in grasshopper assemblages to grazing by indigenous mammals inside the park compared to grazing by domestic cattle outside. The MZNP has been restored from cattle-grazed farmland to indigenous mammal parkland for 62 years. The number of grasshopper species and families inside

S. Gebeyehu; M. J. Samways

2002-01-01

361

How mid-sized cities can avoid strangulation.  

PubMed

This article illustrates the success of two cities--Portland, Oregon, and Curitiba, Brazil--in managing urban growth and the problems that accompany growth (traffic congestion, pollution, psychological stress, and chaotic development). The world's 14 megacities are home to 7.6% of the global urban population, while the 195 mid-sized cities are inhabited by 31% of the global urban population. The above two cities (1-2.5 million inhabitants) resisted the destruction of old neighborhoods for new highways. Portland and Curitiba are global models of successful management and livability and demonstrate economic viability, social cohesiveness, and environmental health. These cities used unique approaches to social and economic inequities. In Curitiba, the poor have the same purchasing power as in Sao Paulo, but life is bearable because of its level of services. Portland has avoided a concentration of poor in the central city. Both cities have active streets with a mix of shops, factories, offices, and houses. Cities deteriorate when geographic layouts reduce social interaction between rich and poor, people and services, and internal building viability vs. external building decay. Both cities enhance public space and cut urban sprawl. Transportation and other systems accommodate fringe settlements and restrict growth in environmentally sensitive areas. Parks and trees make each city visually attractive. Portland has laws limiting housing growth. Planning minimizes private car use and maximizes pedestrian welfare. Portland's political system was key to planning. Curitiba suffers from lack of coordination with other cities and is at the mercy of state and federal funding. Curitiba has succeeded by making practical policy decisions. PMID:12294886

O'meara, M

1998-01-01

362

Climate Change in Voyageurs National Park  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Voyageurs National Park was created in 1975. This beautifully forested and lake-dominated landscape shared between Minnesota and Canada has few roads and must be seen by water. The islands and Kabetogama Peninsula are part of the Canadian Shield, some of the oldest exposed rock in the world. Voyageurs National Park boasts many unique landscape and climatic attributes, and like most mid-latitude regions of the northern hemisphere climate change is in play there. The statistical signals of change in the climate record are evident from both temperature and precipitation measurements. The history of these measurements goes back over 100 years. Additionally, studies and measurements of the lakes and general ecosystem already show some consequences of these climate changes. Mean temperature measurements are generally warmer than they once were, most notably in the winter season. Minimum temperatures have changed more than maximum temperatures. Precipitation has trended upward, but has also changed in character with greater frequency and contribution from thunderstorm rainfalls across the park. In addition variability in annual precipitation has become more amplified, as the disparity between wet and dry years has grown wider. Some changes are already in evidence in terms of bird migration patterns, earlier lake ice-out dates, warmer water temperatures with more algal blooms, decline in lake clarity, and somewhat longer frost-free seasons. Climate change will continue to have impacts on Voyageurs National Park, and likely other national parks across the nation. Furthermore scientists may find that the study, presentation, and discussion about climate impacts on our national parks is a particularly engaging way to educate citizens and improve climate literacy as we contemplate what adaptation and mitigation policies should be enacted to preserve the quality of our national parks for future generations.

Seeley, M. W.

2011-12-01

363

Actinomycetes in garden soils of the city of Kirov  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The population density, diversity, and structure of the actinomycetic complexes were studied in garden soils of the city of Kirov. The relationships between the structure of the complexes and the acidity, the concentrations of the mobile forms of heavy metals, and the soil humus content were analyzed. The specific features of the actinomycetic population in the garden soils of the city in comparison with the transport ecotopes and suburban territories were revealed. It was demonstrated that the actinomycetic complexes in the garden soils preserve their structural similarity with the actinomycetic complexes of the suburban forest parks despite certain changes in the composition of the dominant species and the relative abundance of the separate taxa. The obtained data indicate that the garden plots in the city contribute to the preservation of ecologically balanced ecosystems.

Shirokikh, I. G.; Solov'eva, E. S.; Ashikhmina, T. Ya.

2013-05-01

364

Surface ozone in Joshua Tree National Park  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Surface ozone concentrations are high throughout Joshua Tree National Park (JOTR), as demonstrated by direct monitoring at multiple sites within JOTR. Multiple years of data from continuous ozone monitors and passive samplers indicate that the highest ozone concentrations occur in the northwest corner of JOTR, and decrease as one moves to the south and east. Analysis of long-term (1994–2010) hourly data from the Black Rock monitoring station indicates that average summertime ozone concentrations have remained essentially constant, with a concurrent decrease in the number, and magnitude, of high ozone events. Calculation of ozone exposure indices suggests that ozone concentrations may be high enough to adversely affect local flora, especially in the northwestern region of the park. Back-trajectory analysis using the HYSPLIT model suggests that most of the ozone measured in JOTR is transported into the park from a high source area (Los Angeles and surrounding suburbs) to the west.

Burley, Joel D.; Bytnerowicz, Andrzej; Ray, John D.; Schilling, Susan; Allen, Edith B.

2014-04-01

365

The Schome Park Programme: Exploring Educational Alternatives  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Schome Park Programme set out to extend thinking about what the education system for the information age (Schome) should be like. The first three phases of the programme spanned 13 months and involved the use of Schome Park, our "closed" island(s) in Teen Second LifeTM (TSL) virtual world alongside a wiki and forum. During this time approximately two hundred 13-17 year olds and around 50 adults were given access to Schome Park. Having explained the context in which this work took place the paper outlines the initial educational design underpinning the programme and describes some of the activities which took place. It goes on to explore some dimensions of practice which emerged from the data analysis towards the end of Phase 3, focusing on learner experiences of experimentation, playfulness, curriculum, choice, participation and the expression of the learner voice.

Twining, Peter; Footring, Shri

366

iCity  

Microsoft Academic Search

The objective of this study is to present a novel tool for predictive modelling of urban growth. The proposed tool, named iCity – Irregular City, extends the traditional formalization of cellular automata (CA) to include an irregular spatial structure, asynchronous urban growth, and a high spatio-temporal resolution to aid in spatial decision making for urban planning. The iCity software tool

D. Stevens; S. Dragicevic; Kristina Rothley

2007-01-01

367

77 FR 11567 - Notice of Extension of Visitor Services-Mount Rainier National Park  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR National Park Service [2410-OYC] Notice of Extension...Rainier National Park AGENCY: National Park Service, Interior. ACTION: Notice...concession contract, the National Park Service intends to request an...

2012-02-27

368

36 CFR 6.8 - National Park Service solid waste responsibilities.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... 2013-07-01 false National Park Service solid waste responsibilities...Forests, and Public Property NATIONAL PARK SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR...NATIONAL PARK SYSTEM § 6.8 National Park Service solid waste...

2013-07-01

369

36 CFR 6.8 - National Park Service solid waste responsibilities.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2009-07-01 false National Park Service solid waste responsibilities...Forests, and Public Property NATIONAL PARK SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR...NATIONAL PARK SYSTEM § 6.8 National Park Service solid waste...

2009-07-01

370

76 FR 52013 - Notice of Continuation of Visitor Services-Yosemite National Park  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR National Park Service Notice of Continuation of...Yosemite National Park AGENCY: National Park Service, Interior. ACTION: Notice...concession contract, the National Park Service intends to request a...

2011-08-19

371

36 CFR 6.8 - National Park Service solid waste responsibilities.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2010-07-01 false National Park Service solid waste responsibilities...Forests, and Public Property NATIONAL PARK SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR...NATIONAL PARK SYSTEM § 6.8 National Park Service solid waste...

2010-07-01

372

Geologic Resource Evaluation of Kaloko-Honokohau National Historical Park, Hawaii; Geology and Coastal Landforms.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Geologic resource inventories of lands managed by the National Park Service (NPS) are important products for the parks and are designed to provide scientific information to better manage park resources. Park-specific geologic reports are used to identify ...

A. E. Gibbs B. M. Richmond S. A. Cochran

2009-01-01

373

The Parkes 21 CM multibeam receiver  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Several extragalactic HI surveys using a 21-cm 13-beam focal plane array will begin in late 1996 using the Parkes 64-m telescope. These surveys are designed to detect efficiently nearby galaxies that have failed to be identified optically because of low optical surface brightness or high optical extinction. We discuss scientific and technical aspects of the multibeam receiver including astronomical objectives, feed, receiver and correlator design and data acquisition. A comparison with other telescopes shows that the Parkes multibeam receiver has significant speed advantages for any large-area 21- cm galaxy survey in the velocity range range 0 - 14000 km per sec.

Staveley-Smith, L.; Wilson, W. E.; Bird, T. S.; Disney, M. J.; Ekers, R. D.; Freeman, K. C.; Haynes, R. F.; Sinclair, M. W.; Vaile, R. A.; Webster, R. L.; Wright, A. E.

1996-11-01

374

20. Photocopy of National Park Service photograph, US Department of ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

20. Photocopy of National Park Service photograph, US Department of Interior, Washington, DC. Photograph No. 8005.B, 4 July 1963. CASCADE FROM ABOVE - Meridian Hill Park, Bounded by Fifteenth, Sixteenth, Euclid & W Streets, Northwest, Washington, District of Columbia, DC

375

12. Photocopy of photograph, National Park Service, US Department of ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

12. Photocopy of photograph, National Park Service, US Department of Interior, Washington, DC. Photograph No. 9525-A, 15 December 1965 ARMILLARY SPHERE AT EXEDRA - Meridian Hill Park, Bounded by Fifteenth, Sixteenth, Euclid & W Streets, Northwest, Washington, District of Columbia, DC

376

124. Moses H. Cone Memorial Park. View of the flat ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

124. Moses H. Cone Memorial Park. View of the flat top manor porch, carriage road, and pasture. View looking south-southwest. - Blue Ridge Parkway, Between Shenandoah National Park & Great Smoky Mountains, Asheville, Buncombe County, NC

377

128. Moses H. Cone Memorial Park. View of the stone ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

128. Moses H. Cone Memorial Park. View of the stone faced bridge on the bass lake carriage trail. Facing west. - Blue Ridge Parkway, Between Shenandoah National Park & Great Smoky Mountains, Asheville, Buncombe County, NC

378

125. Moses H. Cone Memorial Park. View of carriage trail ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

125. Moses H. Cone Memorial Park. View of carriage trail and flat top mountain from cone cemetery. Looking north-northeast. - Blue Ridge Parkway, Between Shenandoah National Park & Great Smoky Mountains, Asheville, Buncombe County, NC

379

127. Moses H. Cone Memorial Park. View of the flat ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

127. Moses H. Cone Memorial Park. View of the flat top manor from the bass lake carriage road. Looking north-northwest. - Blue Ridge Parkway, Between Shenandoah National Park & Great Smoky Mountains, Asheville, Buncombe County, NC

380

View of Chapel Park, showing bomb shelters at right foreground, ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

View of Chapel Park, showing bomb shelters at right foreground, from building 746 parking lot across Walnut Avenue; camera facing north. - Mare Island Naval Shipyard, East of Nave Drive, Vallejo, Solano County, CA

381

Partial southwest side and view of stairway to parking area ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

Partial southwest side and view of stairway to parking area - Glacier Park Villas, Edna Sears Graham Cabin, South of Lake McDonald Lodge on Lake Mcdonald Lodge Loop Road, Lake McDonald, Flathead County, MT

382

3. EXTERIOR, VIEW TO NORTHEAST, AT NEW SITE (HERITAGE PARK). ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

3. EXTERIOR, VIEW TO NORTHEAST, AT NEW SITE (HERITAGE PARK). SHERMAN-GILBERT HOUSE AT LEFT; BUSHYLEAD HOUSE IN CENTER; CHRISTIAN HOUSE AT RIGHT - Sherman-Gilbert House, Heritage Park, San Diego, San Diego County, CA

383

Proposed Wilderness, Theodore Roosevelt National Memorial Park, North Dakota.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The National Park Service recommends that 28,335 acres of Theodore Roosevelt National Memorial Park be designated by Congress as wilderness. Environmental impacts discussed include ecological, social and economic considerations. The values of these impact...

1973-01-01

384

Geology Fieldnotes: Glacier Bay National Park and Preserve, Alaska  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This park is home to the Fairweather Mountains, which formed during the Laramide Orogeny, as well as many glaciers. The site includes introductory information about glacial formation and icebergs, links to park maps, and visitor information.

385

8. Detail of Clingman's Dome parking area looking NW. ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

8. Detail of Clingman's Dome parking area looking NW. - Great Smoky Mountains National Park Roads & Bridges, Clingmans Dome Road, Between Newfound Gap Road & Clingmans Dome, Gatlinburg, Sevier County, TN

386

272. GENERAL VIEW INTO KIEFFER PARK. VIEW WEST DOWN LANGLEY ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

272. GENERAL VIEW INTO KIEFFER PARK. VIEW WEST DOWN LANGLEY ROAD THROUGH BASE FENCE AND GATE INTO KIEFFER PARK HOUSING AREA. - Quonset Point Naval Air Station, Roger Williams Way, North Kingstown, Washington County, RI

387

Secretary Salazar: Announcing Investments in America's National Parks  

USGS Multimedia Gallery

Secretary Salazar at the podium, behind him left to right Craig Obey, Vice President of the National Parks Conservation Association, Tom Kiernan, President of the National Parks Conservation Association and Terry Jones, President of the Wolftrap Foundation....

2009-04-23

388

Morristown National Historical Park Water Resources Scoping Report.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Water resource inventory and monitoring activities are integral components of resource management at Morristown National Historical Park. The Water Resources Scoping Report assists park management by: (1) providing an overview of existing water resource i...

1993-01-01

389

2. FORMER DENVER, SOUTH PARK AND PACIFIC RAILROAD BRIDGE OVER ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

2. FORMER DENVER, SOUTH PARK AND PACIFIC RAILROAD BRIDGE OVER CHALK CREEK, NEAR MT. PRINCETON HOT SPRINGS. VIEW UPSTREAM - Denver South Park & Pacific Railroad Bridge, Spanning Chalk Creek, near Mount Princeton Hot Spring, Romley (historical), Chaffee County, CO

390

1. FORMER DENVER, SOUTH PARK AND PACIFIC RAILROAD BRIDGE OVER ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

1. FORMER DENVER, SOUTH PARK AND PACIFIC RAILROAD BRIDGE OVER CHALK CREEK, NEAR MT. PRINCETON HOT SPRINGS. VIEW DOWNSTREAM - Denver South Park & Pacific Railroad Bridge, Spanning Chalk Creek, near Mount Princeton Hot Spring, Romley (historical), Chaffee County, CO

391

Adams National Historical Park: Expanded Transit Service Evaluation.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In 2005 and 2006, Adams National Historical Park piloted expanded shuttle service, with the aim of promoting car-free access for its visitors. This report evaluates the 2006 season of operation. Adams National Historical Park (NHP) is located approximatel...

E. Chan J. Bryan M. Sorrell P. Christner S. Lian

2009-01-01

392

Aedes aegypti susceptibility to insecticide from Abidjan City, Cote D'ivoire.  

PubMed

The susceptibility of Aedes aegypti adults of three places in Abidjan city selected for an entomological surveillance of potential arbovirus vectors to permethrin, deltamethrin, lambdacyhalothrin, and propoxur was determined using WHO standard procedures. The wild populations of A. aegypti were susceptible to permethrin, deltamethirn, and lambdacyhalothin. Resistance to propoxur was detected in strains collected at the Autonomous Port of Abidjan and at Koumassi (mortality rate: 77%) but possibly resistance to this insecticide at the national zoological park (mortality rate: 90.8%). Populations of the national zoological park were possibly resistant to propoxur whereas those of the Autonomous port of Abidjan and of Koumassi were resistant. PMID:22029425

Konan, Lucien Yao; Coulibaly, Ibrahima Zanakoungo; Kone, Blaise Atioumounan; Ziogba, Jean-Claude Tokou; Diallo, Adama; Ekra, Daniel Kouadio; Traoré, Karim Sory; Doannio, Marie Christian Julien; Paul, Odehouri-Koudou

2012-04-01

393

From intelligent to smart cities  

Microsoft Academic Search

Drawing upon the smart experiences of ‘world class’ cities in N. America, Canada and Europe, this special issue draws together five papers from leading international experts on the transition from intelligent to smart cities. Together they do what Hollands (‘Will the real smart city stand up?’ City 12(3), 302–320) has recently asked of smart cities and provide the definitional components,

Mark Deakin; Husam Al Waer

2011-01-01

394

Investment of logistic park based on the game theory  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper analyzes the proportion of investment about logistic park between government and corporation, and builds the model to analyze the proportion of investment in the logistic park's basal establishments and vehicles between government and corporation. The paper explains the applicability of the model, and gives an example. It is helpful to develop the logistic park.

Zhang Peilin; Dai Hang

2010-01-01

395

Modeling and functional design of logistic park using IDEFO method  

Microsoft Academic Search

In China, almost every metropolitan has one or even more Logistics Parks planned. Unfortunately most of built Logistic Parks are not very well in revenue and operation. In order to visually present the activities and functions of Logistics Park, a graphical and structured modeling method, IDEFO is chosen, for it can be used to demonstrate the logistics processes, activities and

Cunlu Zhang; Xiaolan Chen; Yongbo Feng; Ruibin Luo

2010-01-01

396

Research on traffic volume forecast and assignment of Logistics Park  

Microsoft Academic Search

As an important phase in the plan of Logistics Park, traffic volume forecast and traffic assignment are always the research focus.In this paper, the improved traffic volume non-repeated coefficient method was introduced to forecast the Traffic Volume of Logistics Park, based on the results, system optimization assignment model was used for traffic assignment of Logistics Park with the aid of

Haiyao Xie; Shouwen Ji; Jinsheng Shen; Xiangyu Han

2008-01-01

397

Optimal location planning of logistics park with variable capacity  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we study a logistics park location planning problem in which logistics park has variable capacities related to the park size that is decided in the given range and the size ranges are different in every potential location site. We introduce the design modes to deal with the nonlinear tracts cost function and obtain an integer programming model.

Jianxun Tang; Lixin Tang

2009-01-01

398

AHP-based site planning of the logistics park  

Microsoft Academic Search

The site planning of the logistics park is a significant process of the construction of logistic system. An appropriate site planning of the logistics park could promote the development of regional economy, social environment and logistics corporation. This article demonstrates the principle of the site planning of the logistics park and analyzes the Baumol-Wolfe Method, Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP), CFLP

Liu Xiaohui; Wang Lin; Zhang Lu; Ning Jinhua; Zhao Xueyu

2011-01-01

399

Estimating the parking lot footprint across the Great Lakes region  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this study we determine the areal footprint of parking lots in the Great Lakes Basinand outline policies to provide smart growth of parking lots. Our poster addresses the question: “what is the areal footprint and the ensuing economic and ecological consequences of parking lots?”. Our research addresses whether land use in the in the Great Lakes is efficient and

Amélie Y Davis; Bryan C Pijanowski; Kimberly D Robinson; Paul B Kidwell

2007-01-01

400

Law Enforcement in the National Park Service: The Ranger's Perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

The duties of the National Park Service have grown dramatically since its creation in 1916. One area in which the Park Service has had to assume a major new role is in law enforcement. This paper addresses the issue of law enforcement in the National Park Service from the perspective of the rangers. It finds that rangers appear to accept

Dennis L. Soden; Worth H. Hester

1989-01-01

401

Power quality improvement with an extended custom power park  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes the operation principles of an extended custom power park (CPP). The proposed park is more effective when it is compared to the conventional power parks regarding the yield of improving both current and voltage quality of linear and nonlinear loads using dynamic voltage restorer (DVR), active power filter (APF), static transfer switch (STS) and diesel generator (DG).

M. Emin Meral; Ahmet Teke; K. Cagatay Bayindir; Mehmet Tumay

2009-01-01

402

America's National Parks: Their Principles, Purposes, and Prospects  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the history of National Parks and the controversy over their use. Emphasizing the lack of definitive legislation, Frederick Law Olmsted's original philosophy for establishing national parks is proposed for defining the role of parks today. Concludes that activities not directly enhancing nature (e.g., ski runs) are not appropriate in the…

Sax, Joseph L.

1976-01-01

403

36 CFR 7.74 - Virgin Islands National Park.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Virgin Islands National Park. 7.74 Section...THE NATIONAL PARK SYSTEM § 7.74 Virgin Islands National Park. (a) [Reserved...States Coast Guard and Territory of the Virgin Islands. (e) Fishing. (1)...

2013-07-01

404

Man & Nature in the National Parks: Reflections on Policy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This is a report on an inquiry into some of the social/political/ecological problems of the national parks of the United States. The authors examined the impact of man on the national parks and concluded that the parks now face dangers from within, in addition to the older and more generally recognized external pressures for economic exploitation…

Darling, F. Fraser; Eichhorn, Noel D.

405

ANNOTATED CHECKLIST OF EXOTIC VASCULAR PLANTS IN YELLOWSTONE NATIONAL PARK  

Microsoft Academic Search

Documentation of the arrival of exotic vascular plants in Yellowstone National Park has been sporadic. An annotated checklist of exotic vascular plants is presented, with information about the approximate arrival time in the park of each species and the current extent of the infestation. Yellowstone's flora includes 187 exotic vascular plant species (14.8% of the flora), and the park has

Jennifer J. Whipple

406

POLLINATION ECOLOGY OF CASTILLEJA IN MOUNT RAINIER NATIONAL PARK1  

Microsoft Academic Search

The pollination ecology of four species of Castilleja was studied in the Berkeley Park- Yakima Park area of Mt. Rainier National Park, Washington, from 2 July to 13 August 1970. One species, C. cryptantha, was found to be self-pollinating, while the other three, C. miniata, C. oreopola, and C. rupicola, are primarily hummingbird-pollinated. Bumble- bees were observed to forage on

W. JAMES DUFFIELD

407

36 CFR 7.84 - Channel Islands National Park.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Channel Islands National Park. 7.84 Section 7...NATIONAL PARK SYSTEM § 7.84 Channel Islands National Park. (a) [Reserved...the following areas: (i) Anacapa Island. Northside to exterior boundary of...

2013-07-01

408

Celebrating the Life and Legacy of Rosa Parks  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the author presents the life and legacy of Rosa Parks. The author highlights four children's books that accurately portray Parks as an activist and acknowledge the broader context of her life's story--and the years of struggle of the black community against Jim Crow laws. The four children's books share Rosa Park's story in ways…

Stewart, Loraine

2006-01-01

409

Redwood National and State Parks Lassen Volcanic National Park Whiskeytown - Shasta - Trinity National Recreation Area: Museum Management Plan.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Redwood National and State Parks (REDW), Lassen Volcanic National Park (LAVO), and Whiskeytown National Recreation Area (WHIS) have museum and archive collections that reflect their rich heritage and biodiversity. This Museum Management Plan describes an ...

J. Bayless J. OBarr K. Kvam M. Benterou S. Floray

2008-01-01

410

Integration of Utilities Infrastructures in a Future Internet Enabled Smart City Framework  

PubMed Central

Improving efficiency of city services and facilitating a more sustainable development of cities are the main drivers of the smart city concept. Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) play a crucial role in making cities smarter, more accessible and more open. In this paper we present a novel architecture exploiting major concepts from the Future Internet (FI) paradigm addressing the challenges that need to be overcome when creating smarter cities. This architecture takes advantage of both the critical communications infrastructures already in place and owned by the utilities as well as of the infrastructure belonging to the city municipalities to accelerate efficient provision of existing and new city services. The paper highlights how FI technologies create the necessary glue and logic that allows the integration of current vertical and isolated city services into a holistic solution, which enables a huge forward leap for the efficiency and sustainability of our cities. Moreover, the paper describes a real-world prototype, that instantiates the aforementioned architecture, deployed in one of the parks of the city of Santander providing an autonomous public street lighting adaptation service. This prototype is a showcase on how added-value services can be seamlessly created on top of the proposed architecture.

Sanchez, Luis; Elicegui, Ignacio; Cuesta, Javier; Munoz, Luis; Lanza, Jorge

2013-01-01

411

Integration of utilities infrastructures in a future internet enabled smart city framework.  

PubMed

Improving efficiency of city services and facilitating a more sustainable development of cities are the main drivers of the smart city concept. Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) play a crucial role in making cities smarter, more accessible and more open. In this paper we present a novel architecture exploiting major concepts from the Future Internet (FI) paradigm addressing the challenges that need to be overcome when creating smarter cities. This architecture takes advantage of both the critical communications infrastructures already in place and owned by the utilities as well as of the infrastructure belonging to the city municipalities to accelerate efficient provision of existing and new city services. The paper highlights how FI technologies create the necessary glue and logic that allows the integration of current vertical and isolated city services into a holistic solution, which enables a huge forward leap for the efficiency and sustainability of our cities. Moreover, the paper describes a real-world prototype, that instantiates the aforementioned architecture, deployed in one of the parks of the city of Santander providing an autonomous public street lighting adaptation service. This prototype is a showcase on how added-value services can be seamlessly created on top of the proposed architecture. PMID:24233072

Sánchez, Luis; Elicegui, Ignacio; Cuesta, Javier; Muñoz, Luis; Lanza, Jorge

2013-01-01

412

75 FR 11555 - Notice of Inventory Completion: U.S. Department of the Interior, National Park Service, Great...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Interior, National Park Service, Great Sand Dunes National Park and Preserve, Mosca...Interior, National Park Service, Great Sand Dunes National Park and Preserve, Mosca...responsibility of the superintendent, Great Sand Dunes National Park and Preserve. A...

2010-03-11

413

36 CFR 13.954 - Where can I operate a snowmachine in Denali National Park and Preserve?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Park and Preserve? 13.954 Section 13.954 Parks, Forests, and Public Property NATIONAL PARK SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR NATIONAL PARK SYSTEM UNITS IN ALASKA Special Regulations-Denali National Park and Preserve...

2013-07-01

414

The Happiness of Cities  

Microsoft Academic Search

Florida R., Mellander C. and Rentfrow P. J. The happiness of cities, Regional Studies. This research examines the factors that shape the happiness of cities, whereas much of the existent literature has focused on the happiness of nations. It is argued that in addition to income, which has been found to shape national-level happiness, human capital levels will play an

Charlotta Mellander; Peter J. Rentfrow

2011-01-01

415

Salt Lake City, Utah  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Salt Lake City, Utah, will host the 2002 Winter Olympic Games. The city is located on the southeastern shore of the Great Salt Lake and sits to the west of the Wasatch Mountains, which rise more than 3,500 meters (10,000 feet) above sea level. The city was first settled in 1847 by pioneers seeking relief from religious persecution. Today Salt Lake City, the capital of Utah, is home to more than 170,000 residents. This true-color image of Salt Lake City was acquired by the Enhanced Thematic Mapper Plus (ETM+), flying aboard Landsat 7, on May 26, 2000. The southeastern tip of the Great Salt Lake is visible in the upper left of the image. The furrowed green and brown landscape running north-south is a portion of the Wasatch Mountains, some of which are snow-capped (white pixels). The greyish pixels in the center of the image show the developed areas of the city. A number of water reservoirs can be seen east of the mountain range. Salt Lake City International Airport is visible on the northwestern edge of the city. About 20 miles south of the airport is the Bingham Canyon Copper Mine (tan pixels), the world's largest open pit excavation. See also this MODIS image of Utah. Image courtesy NASA Landsat7 Science Team and USGS Eros Data Center

2002-01-01

416

The Emerging Generic Cities  

Microsoft Academic Search

Cities everywhere have experienced dramatic changes in their size, density, demography and economy in recent decades. With rapid urbanization and globalization of trade and employment, the impact of these changes is all the more apparent in many of the fast growing South Asian and non-western cities. While the likely impact of 9\\/11 on the design of large and tall buildings

Malik A

417

Walkout in Crystal City  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

When students take action, they create change that extends far beyond the classroom. In this article, the author, who was a former teacher from Crystal City, Texas, remembers the student walkout that helped launch the Latino civil rights movement 40 years ago. The Crystal City student walkout remains a high point in the history of student activism…

Barrios, Greg

2009-01-01

418

Lost City News Release  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This press release from the National Science Foundation provides an overview of the 2003 expedition to the Lost City Hydrothermal Field at the Atlantis Massif. It briefly describes the expedition, features of the Lost City, research results and implications for future discoveries. Photos and images accompany the text.

Affairs, Office O.; Foundation, National S.

419

Smart networked cities?  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper aims to critically assess the lack of a global inter-urban perspective in the smart city policy framework from a conceptual standpoint. We argue here that the smart city policy agenda should be informed by and address the structure of transnational urban networks as this can affect the efficiency of such local policies. The significance of this global network

Emmanouil Tranos; Drew Gertner

2012-01-01

420

Smart City Components Architicture  

Microsoft Academic Search

The research is essentially to modularize the structure of utilities and develop a system for following up the activities electronically on the city scale. The GIS operational platform will be the base for managing the infrastructure development components with the systems interoperability for the available city infrastructure related systems. The concentration will be on the available utility networks in order

Mahmoud Al-Hader; A. Rodzi; A. R. Sharif; N. Ahmad

2009-01-01

421

Air pollution in cities  

Microsoft Academic Search

Air quality in cities is the result of a complex interaction between natural and anthropogenic environmental conditions. Air pollution in cities is a serious environmental problem – especially in the developing countries. The air pollution path of the urban atmosphere consists of emission and transmission of air pollutants resulting in the ambient air pollution. Each part of the path is

Helmut Mayer

1999-01-01

422

"Parks as Classrooms" Field Trips: Just Another Day in the Park?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Outlines the history of the educational role of the National Park Service under various leaders. Details the types of educational outreach programs that are thriving today and discusses their merits and successes. (DDR)

Athman, Julie

1997-01-01

423

Health Hazard Evaluation Report: HETA 99-0283-2855, Yellowstone National Park, Yellowstone National Park, Wyoming.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

On July 6, 1999, the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) received a request from the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) for assistance in conducting an ergonomic evaluation of National Park Service (NPS) personn...

D. J. Habes R. B. Dick R. L. Tubbs F. R. Biggs S. E. Burt

2001-01-01

424

Comprehensive Evaluation System for Operating Logistics Park  

Microsoft Academic Search

In order to evaluate the operation conditions of operating logistics parks systematically, and promote their development, this article build an integrated evaluation system using analytic hierarchy process. This system include 4 Classes of guidelines layer indicators which reflect the operating basis, operating capacity, operating efficiency and operating potential, as well as 66 index layers indicators, and then illustrate how to

Zhou Ren; Zhou Yang

2010-01-01

425

Bostwick Park Project: Colorado River Storage Project.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The former small west-central Colorado town of Bostwick Park barely made a blip on most maps and atlases, if it even showed up at all. A small farming community of roughly fortyfive families, the town offered little in the way of tourist attractions, whic...

T. R. Linenberger

2009-01-01

426

Classical Physics Experiments in the Amusement Park  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An amusement park is a large physics laboratory, full of rotating and accelerated coordinate systems. The forces are experienced throughout the body and can be studied with simple equipment or with electronics depending on age and experience. In this paper, we propose adaptations of classical physics experiments for use on traditional rides.…

Bagge, Sara; Pendrill, Ann-Marie

2002-01-01

427

Vicksburg National Military Park Cultural Landscape Report.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Vicksburg National Military Park was established on February 21, 1899, to commemorate the campaign, siege, and defense of Vicksburg, Mississippi, and to preserve the history of the battles and operations of the siege and defense on the ground where they w...

2009-01-01

428

NURE and the National Park Service  

Microsoft Academic Search

Under the National Resource Evaluation (NURE), massive amounts of geological, geochemical, and geophysical data, covering the entire conterminous 48 states and Alaska, are being collected and made public. In addition to NURE goals, these data are applicable to various other researches on and in the vicinity of lands controlled by the National Park Service. Airborne geophysical and hydrogeochemical survey NURE

1979-01-01

429

Photovoltaic applications for the National Park Service  

Microsoft Academic Search

ERDA has engaged MIT\\/Lincoln Laboratory in its field tests and applications project for solar photovoltaic systems. This paper describes one of the applications of the project: namely, the placement, test and monitoring of solar photovoltaic systems that serve installations of the U.S. National Park Service (NPS). Attention is given to site selection procedures and an NPS photovoltaic site investigation summary

P. O. Jarvinen; C. R. Peatfield; H. Haiges

1977-01-01

430

New Hyde Park Public Library; A Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the fall of 1974, the Nassau County Library System conducted a study of the New Hyde Park Public Library at the request of that library's directing board. Relevant documents and statistics were reviewed, building usage was studied, and the library staff and community organizations were questioned. The library was analyzed in terms of the…

Nassau Library System, Garden City, NY.

431

Lincoln Park Zoological Gardens Reference Library  

Microsoft Academic Search

Lincoln Park Zoological Gardens, founded in 1868, is supported in its goals and purposes by its reference library. The library offers a full range of services based on its specialized reference collections. It addition to a description of these features, the paper contains an introduction to zoos as societal entities, and the future trends in information requirements of zoos are

Joyce M. Shaw

1988-01-01

432

Lincoln Park Zoological Gardens Reference Library.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the range of services offered by the Lincoln Park Zoological Gardens reference library, and discusses the concept of zoos as societal entities and future trends in their information requirements. A bibliography of 20 articles on library and information services in zoos and aquariums is included. (17 references) (Author/CLB)

Shaw, Joyce M.

1988-01-01

433

PARKS AND LANDSCAPE EMPLOYEE. TEACHERS COPY.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

THE PURPOSE OF THIS DOCUMENT IS TO PROVIDE VOCATIONAL AGRICULTURE COOPERATIVE EDUCATION STUDENTS PREPARING FOR EMPLOYMENT IN THE PARK AND LANDSCAPING FIELD WITH READING MATERIAL AND A GUIDE FOR STUDY. THE MATERIAL WAS DESIGNED BY SUBJECT MATTER SPECIALISTS ON THE BASIS OF STATE ADVISORY COMMITTEE RECOMMENDATIONS. THE MATERIAL WAS TESTED IN…

FITTS, JAMES; JOHNSON, JOHNNY

434

Protecting Your Park When Lightning Strikes.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A formula for assessing specific risk of lightning strikes is provided. Recent legal cases are used to illustrate potential liability. Six actions park managers can take to minimize danger from lightning are presented, and commonsense rules which should be publicly posted are listed. (MT)

Frydenlund, Marvin M.

1987-01-01

435

Black rhino in South Luangwa National Park  

Microsoft Academic Search

It became clear in 1979 that commercial poaching was drastically reducing the num- bers of rhino in Luangwa Valley and the Zambian Government, through its National Parks and Wildlife Service (NPWS) and the World Wildlife Fund, responded by setting up Save the Rhino Trust (SRT). Neither past nor present numbers and distribution of these animals were sufficiently known to provide

436

Portraits of Exemplary Secondary Schools: Highland Park.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Explores the effects of community values on Highland Park High School's strong emphasis on academic achievement. The author concludes that high achievers benefit from this approach while mediocre or nonacademically inclined students are neglected. For journal availability, see SO 509 295. (AM)

Lightfoot, Sara Lawrence

1981-01-01

437

Oak Park Middle School and General Electric.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a partnership between Oak Park Middle School in Decatur, Alabama, and the General Electric Company that features the use of the quality circle approach. Not only were teachers, administrators, and parents organized into school quality circles, but students also formed quality circles to solve problems at the school. (CH)

Buckley, Anita

1987-01-01

438

On park design; looking beyond the wars  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present book opens with an account of a buffalo hunt in the company of soldiers in one of the national parks in Uganda. One buffalo was hit close to the heart but fled away as if it was not fatally wounded. The soldiers seeing it flee, fired more rounds of ammunition at it until, with limbs broken, the buffalo

M. Oneka

1996-01-01

439

Park Issues: Bioprospecting and Benefits-Sharing  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This chapter from the Yellowstone Resources and Issues Handbook 2012 describes a variety of issues in Yellowstone National Park: Aquatic Invaders, Bear Management, Bioprospecting, Bison Management, Climate Change, the Northern Range, Sustaining and Greening Practices, Wilderness, Winter Use, and Wolf Restoration.

Park, Yellowstone N.; National Park Service, U. S.

440

Everglades National Park Annual Report, 2000.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

I am pleased to submit this annual report for Everglades National Park. The year 2000 was one of continued accomplishment on behalf of preserving this unique national treasure. It was also a year of new beginnings as exciting new directions were charted f...

2000-01-01

441

Mammals of West River Memorial Park  

Microsoft Academic Search

A survey of the mammalian community of West River Memorial Park in New Haven, Connecticut identified 21 species of mammals representing seven taxonomic orders and 13 families. This community of mammals is dominated by resilient-generalist species commonly found in urban environments and\\/or associated with tidal salt marshes. The white- footed mouse (Peromyscus leucopus) was the most abundant small mammal captured.

Harvey R. Smith

442

Readerly and Writerly "Letters from the Park."  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses in depth the film "Cartas del parque" ("Letters from the Park"), the first of six films in the "Amores Dificiles" series. Notes that the film is pervaded by the traditional overdetermination of gender roles. Suggests that an intrusive and authoritative narrator makes of this both a "readerly" and a "writerly" film. (RS)

Conde, Susana

1993-01-01

443

Youth's Perceptions of National Park Service Rangers.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A total of 600 adolescents (301 males and 299 females) in grades 9-12 from 21 schools in the metropolitan Atlanta area were interviewed to gather information on their perceptions of National Park Service rangers. Four general dimensions of a ranger's role...

F. P. Noe

1977-01-01

444

Child Care Centers in Park Settings.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One of three studies of child care which addressed a variety of planning and site planning issues of concern to the Montgomery County Planning Board in Silver Spring, Maryland, this study reports findings related to the location of child care facilities in park settings. Principal purposes of the study were to: (1) analyze the community impact of…

Giegerich & Associates, Inc., Rockville, MD.

445

Linda Sue Park: A Writer Found  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article profiles Newbery Award-winning author Linda Sue Park, a special breed of author who writes so convincingly about the past it is as if she herself has actually lived these stories from a time long gone. She has provided such spectacular glimpses into Korea's storied past with books such as "A Single Shard" (Clarion, 2001), "The Kite…

Pierpont, Katherine

2004-01-01

446

How Computer Reports Can Improve Park Management.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A microcomputer can generate reports which allow park managers to better schedule crews, equipment and budget. Historical information on spending trends, man-hour distribution, and equipment useage are useful for reports and for justification of requested funds. Various potential uses of the computer data are described. (MT)

Berkebile, John

1986-01-01

447

Travelling Safely on Ice: Algonquin Park.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Provides safety considerations for snowshoe travel on iced waterways such as those of Algonquin Park (Ontario). Addresses what season is safe for waterway travel, how to determine the strength of the ice, reasonable travel time per day, what to do if you fall through the ice, and appropriate sites for winter camping. (LP)

MacDonald, Craig

1994-01-01

448

Intelligent Parking System Design Using FPGA  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this research, we introduce FPGA based fuzzy logic controller (FLC). The benefit of using FPGA based FLC compare to software FLC is that the computation time reduction. Using this FLC, we design automated car back parallel parking system also with complete FPGA based controller. We build a small-scaled robot car and test on a real environment with VHDL code

Keith Gowan; Jason Nery; Henrick Han; Tony Sheng; Howard Li; Fakhreddine Karray; Insop Song

2006-01-01

449

Research on Layout of Airport Logistics Park Based on Graph Theory: An Empirical Study of Ningbo Airport Logistics Park  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we propose graph theory model to the layout planning of airport logistics park. First, several commonly used facilities layout methods were introduced and a comparative analysis was made out respectively. Secondly, an empirical study of Ningbo airport logistics park was carried out based on graph theory to the layout planning of core facilities for this park. Finally,

Changbing Jiang; Lijun Bai; Wenwen Zheng

2010-01-01

450

Annual Data Summary: Sequoia and Kings Canyon National Parks: Lower Kaweah, 1998. National Park Service Gaseous Air Pollutant Monitoring Network.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Gaseous air pollutants, including ozone and sulfur dioxide, are of concern to the National Park Service (NPS). Pollutants like these can affect park unit biological resources as well as the health of park unit residents and visitors. The NPS established a...

1998-01-01

451

Annual Data Summary: Sequoia and Kings Canyon National Parks: Lookout Point, 1999. National Park Service Gaseous Air Pollutant Monitoring Network.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Gaseous air pollutants, including ozone and sulfur dioxide, are of concern to the National Park Service (NPS). Pollutants like these can affect park unit biological resources as well as the health of park unit residents and visitors. The NPS established a...

1999-01-01

452

Annual Data Summary: Sequoia and Kings Canyon National Parks: Lower Kaweah, 2001. National Park Service Gaseous Air Pollutant Monitoring Network.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Gaseous air pollutants, including ozone and sulfur dioxide, are of concern to the National Park Service (NPS). Pollutants like these can affect park unit biological resources as well as the health of park unit residents and visitors. The NPS established a...

2001-01-01

453

Annual Data Summary: Sequoia and Kings Canyon National Parks: Lower Kaweah, 2000. National Park Service Gaseous Air Pollutant Monitoring Network.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Gaseous air pollutants, including ozone and sulfur dioxide, are of concern to the National Park Service (NPS). Pollutants like these can affect park unit biological resources as well as the health of park unit residents and visitors. The NPS established a...

2000-01-01

454

Annual Data Summary: Sequoia and Kings Canyon National Parks, 2000. National Park Service Gaseous Air Pollutant Monitoring Network.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Gaseous air pollutants, including ozone and sulfur dioxide, are of concern to the National Park Service (NPS). Pollutants like these can affect park unit biological resources as well as the health of park unit residents and visitors. The NPS established a...

2000-01-01

455

Annual Data Summary: Sequoia and Kings Canyon National Parks: Lookout Point, 2000. National Park Service Gaseous Air Pollutant Monitoring Network.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Gaseous air pollutants, including ozone and sulfur dioxide, are of concern to the National Park Service (NPS). Pollutants like these can affect park unit biological resources as well as the health of park unit residents and visitors. The NPS established a...

2000-01-01

456

Annual Data Summary: Sequoia and Kings Canyon National Parks, 1999. National Park Service Gaseous Air Pollutant Monitoring Network.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Gaseous air pollutants, including ozone and sulfur dioxide, are of concern to the National Park Service (NPS). Pollutants like these can affect park unit biological resources as well as the health of park unit residents and visitors. The NPS established a...

1999-01-01

457

Ground-water flow and quality near Canon City, Colorado  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Water in aquifers that underlie the Lincoln Park area near Canon City, Colorado, contains measurable concentrations of chemical constituents that are similar to those in raffinate (liquid waste) produced by a nearby uranium ore processing mill. The objective of this study was to expand the existing geohydrologic data base by collecting additional geohydrologic and water quality, in order to refine the description of the geohydrologic and geochemical systems in the study area. Geohydrologic data were collected from nine tests wells drilled in the area between the U.S. Soil Conservation Service dam and Lincoln Park. Lithologic and geophysical logs of these wells indicated that the section of Vermejo Formation penetrated consisted of interbedded sandstone and shale. The sandstone beds had a small porosity and small hydraulic conductivity. Groundwater flow from the U.S. Soil Conservation Service dam to Lincoln Park seemed to be along an alluvium-filled channel in the irregular and relatively undescribed topography of the Vermejo Formation subcrop. North of the De Weese Dye Ditch, the alluvium becomes saturated and groundwater generally flows to the northeast. Water samples from 28 sites were collected and analyzed for major ions and trace elements; selected water samples also were analyzed for stable isotopes; samples were collected from wells near the uranium ore processing mill, from privately owned wells in Lincoln Park, and from the test wells drilled in the intervening area. Results from the quality assurance samples indicate that cross-contamination between samples from different wells was avoided and that the data are reliable. Water in the alluvial aquifer underlying Lincoln Park is mainly a calcium bicarbonate type. Small variations in the composition of water in the alluvial aquifer appears to result from a reaction of water leaking from the De Weese Dye Ditch with alluvial material. Upward leakage from underlying aquifers does not seem to be significant in determining the chemical composition of water in the alluvial aquifer. (Author 's abstract)

Hearne, G. A.; Litke, D. W.

1987-01-01

458

Health museums or theme parks: a new approach to intersectoral collaboration.  

PubMed

This paper is an outline of a proposed initiative on intersectoral collaboration in health promotion--collaboration between health, tourist, cultural and entertainment sectors to provide a powerful mass educational experience about the human mind and body. There has been a recent rise in interest in using the technology of museums, science centres, exploratories and theme parks for the promotion of health. This revival is shown to have a historical tradition in the health education museum started in this century in Europe 75 years ago at the Deutsches Hygiene Museum and then spreading to the USA. The proposed Body, Mind, City Museum planned for Liverpool acts as a future model for a new type of health Museum; a mixture of science exploratorium and a Walt Disney-style them park. It is intended that "hand-on" exhibits using interactive video, computers, games and experiences will be used to test people's own capacities or to describe biological functions or processes. This will be combined with park rides and simulations with their inherent appeal of fun, movement and surprise, for example the ride through the blood vessels and the "walk-through brain". This type of venture has a number of special features and advantages; it is truly intersectoral, it may be self-financing, and it can provide a mass audience with a powerful individual experience. PMID:10286864

Seymour, H; Ashton, J; Edwards, P

1986-01-01

459

Aerosols upwind of Mexico City during the MILAGRO campaign: regional scale biomass burning, dust and volcanic ash from aircraft measurements  

Microsoft Academic Search

During the MILAGRO Campaign March\\/April 2006 a series of aircraft flights with the FZK microlight D-MIFU were performed in the area southeast of Mexico City starting from Puebla airport, circling the national park area of Ixtachiuatl and Popocatepetl and scanning the Chalco valley down to Cuautla in the Cuernavaca province. All flights were combined with vertical profiles up to 4500

W. Junkermann; R. Steinbrecher

2009-01-01

460

The Academic Resilience and Psychosocial Characteristics of Inner-City English Learners Participating in a Museum-Based School Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

School in the Park is a museum-based intervention intended to nurture the resilience of inner-city students in third grade to fifth grade. The academic resilience and personal development of participants were compared to those of nonparticipants for 2 years. Although the groups differed in academic resilience for the duration of the study, they…

Kanevsky, Lannie; Corke, Michael; Frangkiser, Lorri

2008-01-01

461

A study of air pollution with heavy metals in Thessaloniki city (Greece) using trees as biological indicators  

Microsoft Academic Search

The air pollution of the city of Thessaloniki was studied, using park trees as biomonitors. The species analyzed were Ligustrum japonicum, Nerium oleander, Olea europea, Pinus brutia, Platanus orientalis, Populus alba, Populus nigra, and Robinia pseudoacacia. Acid digestion of leaf tissues and subsequent use of atomic absorption spectrometry was the analytical methodology used for the determination of heavy metals (Cu,

T. Sawidis; A. Marnasidis; G. Zachariadis; J. Stratis

1995-01-01

462

Potential hazard characteristics of Tilia, Betula, and Acer trees removed in the Helsinki City Area during 2001-2003  

Microsoft Academic Search

In order to study decay, and to improve the management and protection of old urban trees, a total of 256 felled urban trees were examined during 2001-2003: 95 Tilia spp., 74 Betula spp., and 87 Acer spp. Most of the trees (73%) were located in the main parks and along the main streets in the downtown area of Helsinki City.

Minna Terho

463

Potential hazard characteristics of Tilia, Betula, and Acer trees removed in the Helsinki City Area during 2001–2003  

Microsoft Academic Search

In order to study decay, and to improve the management and protection of old urban trees, a total of 256 felled urban trees were examined during 2001–2003: 95 Tilia spp., 74 Betula spp., and 87 Acer spp. Most of the trees (73%) were located in the main parks and along the main streets in the downtown area of Helsinki City,

Minna Terho; Anna-Maija Hallaksela

2005-01-01

464

Inequality and City Size*  

PubMed Central

Between 1979 and 2007 a strong positive monotonic relationship between wage inequality and city size has developed. This paper investigates the links between this emergent city size inequality premium and the contemporaneous nationwide increase in wage inequality. After controlling for the skill composition of the workforce across cities of different sizes, we show that at least 23 percent of the overall increase in the variance of log hourly wages in the United States from 1979 to 2007 is explained by the more rapid growth in the variance of log wages in larger locations relative to smaller locations. This influence occurred throughout the wage distribution and was most prevalent during the 1990s. More rapid growth in within skill group inequality in larger cities has been by far the most important force driving these city size specific patterns in the data. Differences in the industrial composition of cities of different sizes explain up to one-third of this city size effect. These results suggest an important role for agglomeration economies in generating changes in the wage structure during the study period.

Baum-Snow, Nathaniel; Pavan, Ronni

2013-01-01

465

Art in Cities  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The organizers of Art in Cities say, "Cities are like a huge art gallery with a permanently changing exhibition." Therefore, this web site exists to collect submissions of artwork from cities all over the world, and plot it on a map. To view the art, browse by selecting points on the map, or search by City, Submitter, or artist (Artwork by). There is also a quick link to the most recent uploads. On the day we visited, this link lead to stencil art and graffiti from several cities in the Netherlands, including Amsterdam, Rotterdam, and Eindhoven, as well as one from San Bernardino, CA. This was just the first page of 473 for this specific link, which is in turn only a fraction of the close to 6,000 pieces of art on view at the site. Submitting art is as easy as uploading an image from your computer, and filling out a few fields on a form thus encouraging anyone to walk the streets of their city looking for art to add the site.

466

The National Park Service Southeast Archeological Center  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Southeast Archeological Center is a division of the National Park Service specializing in archeological research within the southeastern United States and the Virgin Islands. Information on the site includes recent and past reports on the diverse fieldwork conducted by the Center, including some of their most well-known work around Native American settlements and Civil War battlefield sites. Importantly, there are sections of the site devoted to educational outreach efforts to inform students about the nature of the Center's work and to provide them with introductory material on the practice and method of archaeology. Some of the more recent highlights include an outline of prehistory and history in the region and an updated report on the field work of the Center at the Shiloh National Military Park in Tennessee.

1995-01-01

467

National Park Service: War of 1812 Bicentennial  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Hundreds of organizations have found creative and unique ways to celebrate the bicentennial of the War of 1812. The National Park Service has crafted this dynamic site to bring together a range of historical, educational, and programming resources related to this military conflict. After reading the helpful introductory essay here, visitors will want to delve into sections such as People, Stories, Preservation, and For Teachers. The Stories area is a real find, as it includes wonderful explorations of the temporary White House (the Octagon House) and African American sailors. Curious travelers looking to learn more about visiting War of 1812 sites should look through the Find a Park interactive map. The For Teachers area includes a range of instructional resources and lesson plans, including "Baltimore and the War of 1812" and "Twisted Strands: Rope Making." [KMG

2013-01-14

468

Proceedings of the NITINOL Heat Engine Conference, 26-27 September 1978, Silver Spring, Maryland.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Twelve technical papers were tape-recorded and reduced to these Proceedings. The Conference technical sessions were: Overview of Low Grade Energy Utilization, NITINOL Heat Engines, Engine Performance Efficiency and Thermodynamics, and NITINOL Alloys. Engi...

D. M. Goldstein L. J. McNamara

1978-01-01

469

A Multi-spacecraft View of a Giant Filament Eruption during 2009 September 26/27  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We analyze multi-spacecraft observations of a giant filament eruption that occurred during 2009 September 26 and 27. The filament eruption was associated with a relatively slow coronal mass ejection. The filament consisted of a large and a small part, and both parts erupted nearly simultaneously. Here we focus on the eruption associated with the larger part of the filament. The STEREO satellites were separated by about 117° during this event, so we additionally used SoHO/EIT and CORONAS/TESIS observations as a third eye (Earth view) to aid our measurements. We measure the plane-of-sky trajectory of the filament as seen from STEREO-A and TESIS viewpoints. Using a simple trigonometric relation, we then use these measurements to estimate the true direction of propagation of the filament which allows us to derive the true R/R ?-time profile of the filament apex. Furthermore, we develop a new tomographic method that can potentially provide a more robust three-dimensional (3D) reconstruction by exploiting multiple simultaneous views. We apply this method also to investigate the 3D evolution of the top part of filament. We expect this method to be useful when SDO and STEREO observations are combined. We then analyze the kinematics of the eruptive filament during its rapid acceleration phase by fitting different functional forms to the height-time data derived from the two methods. We find that for both methods an exponential function fits the rise profile of the filament slightly better than parabolic or cubic functions. Finally, we confront these results with the predictions of theoretical eruption models.

Gosain, Sanjay; Schmieder, Brigitte; Artzner, Guy; Bogachev, Sergei; Török, Tibor

2012-12-01

470

Solid state optical control devices; Proceedings of the Meeting, Los Angeles, CA, January 26, 27, 1984  

Microsoft Academic Search

Electro-optical beam control devices are discussed, taking into account phase-conjugate interferometry, photorefractive crystals as optical devices and processors, configurations for photorefractive laser beamsteering, a three-layer dielectric stripline filter for guided-wave applications, and equilibrium dielectric properties of birefringent artificial Kerr media. Optical signal processing devices are examined, giving attention to new concepts for Bragg cell efficiency improvement, the Fabry-Perot etalon as

P. Yeh

1984-01-01

471

Microsoft Word - M&E_Archive_2003_JUN26-27_ExecSum.doc  

Cancer.gov

Sciences disclaims any responsibility or liability for errors or omissions in this version of the manuscript. The final version of this manuscript, which is the citable version and the version of record, was published in the November, 2004 issue of The Journal of Nutrition.

472

25,26,27,28-Tetra-kis(3-bromo-benzyl-oxy)calix[4]arene  

PubMed Central

In the title compound, C56H44Br4O4, the calix[4]arene unit displays the 1,2-alternate conformation with crystallograpically imposed inversion symmetry. The four phen­oxy rings of the calix[4]arene unit are twisted about the mean plane defined by the four methyl­ene C atoms bridging the benzene rings, with dihedral angles of 46.73?(6) and 66.11?(5)°. The dihedral angle between adjacent phen­oxy rings is 74.75?(7)°. The two pendant bromo­phenyl rings on the same side of the calix[4]arene unit are nearly perpendicular to each other, with a dihedral angle of 72.85?(10)° due to an intra­molecular C—H?? inter­action. In the crystal, a Br?Br contact of 3.6350?(5)?Å, an inter­molecular C—H?Br hydrogen bond and an inter­molecular C—H?? inter­action are observed.

Lee, Eunji; Moon, Suk-Hee; Kim, Tae Ho; Park, Ki-Min

2011-01-01

473

Learning Activity Package, Chemistry I. LAP Numbers 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27, and 28.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As a set of seven Learning Activity Packages (LAPs) for individualized instruction in chemistry, the units cover the unit system, matter, energy, atomic structures, chemical formulas, physical states of matter, solutions and suspensions, ionization, acids, bases, and salts. Each unit contains a rationale for the material; a list of behavioral…

Jones, Naomi

474

June 26-27, 2003: Free Radicals: The Pros and Cons of Antioxidants; Bethesda, MD  

Cancer.gov

To summarize current understanding of, and identify major gaps in our knowledge about the role of antioxidants in cancer prevention and tumor biology, and their interactions with conventional chemotherapy and radiotherapy.

475

25 CFR 26.27 - What kind of Job Placement support services can I expect?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-04-01 false What kind of Job Placement support services can...INTERIOR HUMAN SERVICES JOB PLACEMENT AND TRAINING PROGRAM Job Placement Services § 26...limited to resume preparation, interview techniques, job...

2010-04-01

476

Symposium on Space Industrialization, Huntsville, Ala., May 26, 27, 1976, Proceedings  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Space habitats are considered, with attention given the evolution of space station systems, space station habitability, space settlement planning methodology, and orbital assembly. Various aspects of the Space Transportation System are discussed, including Shuttle booster/propulsion growth concept, advanced earth orbital transportation systems technology, single-stage-to-orbit vehicles and aeromaneuvering orbit transfer vehicles. Materials processing in space is examined, with emphasis on biological materials, metallurgical materials, the uses of space ultrahigh vacuum, and extraterrestrial mining and industrial processing. Solar space power is investigated, with attention given the potential of satellite solar power stations, thermal engine power satellites and microwave power transmission to earth. Individual items are announced in this issue.

1976-01-01

477

Solid state imagers and their applications; Proceedings of the Meeting, Cannes, France, November 26, 27, 1985  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Topics treated include the use of semiconductor imagers in high energy particle physics, an X-ray image sensor based on an optical TDI-CCD imager, and an electron-sensitive CCD readout array for a circular-scan streak tube. Papers are presented on the pan-imager, high resolution linear arrays, the reduction of reflection losses in solid-state image sensors, a high resolution CCD imager module with swing operation, large area CCD image sensors for scientific applications, and new readout techniques for frame transfer CCDs. Consideration is given to advanced optoelectronical sensors for autonomous rendezvous/docking and proximity operations in space, the testing and characterization of CCDs for the Rosat star sensors, an advanced radial camera for the Hubble Space Telescope, and scanning or staring infrared imagers.

Declerck, Gilbert J. (editor)

1986-01-01

478

Fiber optic sensors; Proceedings of the Meeting, Cannes, France, November 26, 27, 1985  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The conference presents papers on distributed sensors and sensor networks, signal processing and detection techniques, temperature measurements, chemical sensors, and the measurement of pressure, strain, and displacements. Particular attention is given to optical fiber distributed sensors and sensor networks, tactile sensing in robotics using an optical network and Z-plane techniques, and a spontaneous Raman temperature sensor. Other topics include coherence in optical fiber gyroscopes, a high bandwidth two-phase flow void fraction fiber optic sensor, and a fiber-optic dark-field microbend sensor.

Arditty, Herve J. (editor); Jeunhomme, Luc B. (editor)

1986-01-01

479

Virgin Islands Biosphere Reserve Research Report Numbers 23, 24, 25, 26, 27, and 28,  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Coastal ecosystems of the Virgin Islands Biosphere Reserve, St. John, are subject to stress of sedimentation from watershed erosion, both natural and man-induced. A pilot study was initiated at Mandal Pond and Reef Bay mangrove swamp on the southern coast...

M. M. Nichols G. S. Brush C. S. Rogers L. McLain E. S. Zullo

1988-01-01

480

Big Bend National Park, TX, USA, Mexico  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Sierra del Carmen of Mexico, across the Rio Grande River from Big Bend National Park, TX, (28.5N, 104.0W) is centered in this photo. The Rio Grande River bisects the scene; Mexico to the east, USA to the west. The thousand ft. Boquillas limestone cliff on the Mexican side of the river changes colors from white to pink to lavender at sunset. This severely eroded sedimentary landscape was once an ancient seabed later overlaid with volcanic activity.

1991-01-01

481

Smithsonian National Zoological Park: Animal Photo Galleries  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Hosted by the Smithsonian National Zoological Park, this website highlights photos of the animals at the National Zoo, as well as some photos of their wild relatives. The website offers numerous theme Photo Galleries including African Savanna, Asian Elephants, Backyard Biology, Great Cats, Ocean Living, and many more. Each photo gallery contains beautiful annotated photographs of different animals. The Photo Gallery site also connects to other areas of the National Zoo website including sections on Education, Publications, and Conservation & Science.

2007-09-24

482

Learning autonomous drift parking from one demonstration  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper concerns with motion control of an all-wheel-drive (AWD) radio-controlled (RC) car in a setting of drift parking, which is made difficult by the stochastic, coupled dynamics. Motivated by human who can often learn complicated motion from few samples without any mathematical modeling, we propose an online learning algorithm for this task. The idea is to learn a coarse

Tak Kit Lau

2011-01-01

483

Atmospheric mercury speciation in Yellowstone National Park  

Microsoft Academic Search

Atmospheric concentrations of elemental mercury (Hg0), reactive gaseous Hg (RGM), and particulate Hg (pHg) concentrations were measured in Yellowstone National Park (YNP), U.S.A. using high resolution, real time atmospheric mercury analyzers (Tekran 2537A, 1130, and 1135). A survey of Hg0 concentrations at various locations within YNP showed that concentrations generally reflect global background concentrations of 1.5–2.0 ng m?3, but a

B. D. Hall; M. L. Olson; A. P. Rutter; R. R. Frontiera; D. P. Krabbenhoft; D. S. Gross; M. Yuen; T. M. Rudolph; J. J. Schauer

2006-01-01

484

Sanborn Fire Insurance Maps, Kansas City, Missouri, 1895-1957  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

It's great to check out the corner of 12th Street and Vine in person, but if you can't make it down there, this website offers up an interesting surrogate. These digital Sanborn Fire Insurance Maps of Kansas City are provided as a public service by the Kansas City Public Library, and they consist of over 1,200 individual pages. Visitors can use these maps to research the history of a building, learn little known facts regarding a church or school, and even get clues to help restore a building. The maps date from 1895 to 1957, and visitors can use the sample searches (such as "18th & Vine" and "Electric Park") to get started. The site includes a historical essay on the maps, a tutorial for guidance, and resources for students and teachers.

485

Random Parking, Euclidean Functionals, and Rubber Elasticity  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We study subadditive functions of the random parking model previously analyzed by the second author. In particular, we consider local functions S of subsets of {{R}^d} and of point sets that are (almost) subadditive in their first variable. Denoting by ? the random parking measure in {{R}^d}, and by ? R the random parking measure in the cube Q R = (- R, R) d , we show, under some natural assumptions on S, that there exists a constant {overline{S} in {R}} such that lim_{R to +infty} S(Q_R, ?)/|Q_R| = lim_{R to +infty} S(Q_R, ?R)/|Q_R| = overline{S} almost surely. If {? mapsto S(Q_R, ?)} is the counting measure of {?} in Q R , then we retrieve the result by the second author on the existence of the jamming limit. The present work generalizes this result to a wide class of (almost) subadditive functions. In particular, classical Euclidean optimization problems as well as the discrete model for rubber previously studied by Alicandro, Cicalese, and the first author enter this class of functions. In the case of rubber elasticity, this yields an approximation result for the continuous energy density associated with the discrete model at the thermodynamic limit, as well as a generalization to stochastic networks generated on bounded sets.

Gloria, Antoine; Penrose, Mathew D.

2013-07-01

486

Meteorite Shower in Park Forest, Illinois  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Steven Simon (University of Chicago) and seven colleagues from the University of Chicago, the Planetary Studies Foundation, Harper College, Pacific Northwest National Lab, and the Field Museum in Chicago have classified the meteorite fragments that fell on Chicago's southern suburbs on the night of March 26, 2003. Described as ".. the most densely populated region to be hit by a meteorite shower in modern times," the village of Park Forest is at the center of the strewnfield and fortuitously also happens to be home to the Simon family, who answered scores of phone calls from neighboring meteorite finders. No injuries were reported though plenty of roofs, windows, walls, and cars were hit, and the police department took individual fusion-crusted fragments into custody as evidence. Its chemical and mineralogical compositions establish the Park Forest meteorite as an L5 chondrite, one of the most primitive groups of known meteorites. It is a strongly shocked monomict breccia (a term applied to a breccia made of one kind of rock) with light-colored clasts in a very dark matrix. The team measured cosmic radionuclides in Park Forest and found nearly zero cobalt-56 and high cobalt-60, values that indicate a large preatmospheric mass. They estimate the meteoroid was at least 900 kilograms and possibly as large as 7000 kilograms before it broke apart in the atmosphere, of which only about 30 kilograms of fragments have been recovered.

Martel, L. M. V.

2004-08-01

487

From intelligent to smart cities  

Microsoft Academic Search

Taking Hollands' previous statement on the transition from intelligent to smart cities as its point of departure (‘Will the real smart city stand up?’ City 12(3), 302–320), this article reflects upon the anxieties currently surrounding such developments. In particular, it considers the suggestion that such developments have more to do with cities meeting the corporate needs of marketing campaigns than

Mark Deakin; Husam Al Waer

2011-01-01

488

Antibiotic Attack (Kinetic City)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This game is a part of the Tau Pack of the Kinetic City site (see description below). In this simulation, the patient's bodies are filled with bacteria. The object is to cure as many patients as possible. Learning concepts enforced here are that antibiotics are specific for the type of bacteria they treat, their strength, and that the bacteria may also become resistant to the bacteria by mutations.KINETIC CITY DESCRIPTION: "Kinetic City" (www.kineticcity.com) is a fun, Web-based after-school science club for kids, ages 8 through 11. It combines exciting online animations and activities with boxes of hands-on science experiments. Children earn "Kinetic City" power points and collect stickers as they complete missions and learn standards-based science content. Here's how it works: The "Kinetic City" super crew (Keisha, Curtis, Megan and Max) needs the help of Earth kids to save their planet Vearth, from the science-distorting computer virus Deep Delete. Each of Deep Delete's 60 hideous strains attacks a different area of science with disastrous consequences. After each attack, teams of Earth kids fight back by viewing a short online animation describing the situation on Vearth; performing a series of activities to re-learn the lost science and going on a mission to Vearth during which they answer science questions and gobble up Deep Delete viruses. Their scores appear on their own Kinetic City Club Web page. "Kinetic City" is produced by the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS), with a grant from the National Science Foundation. AAAS writes the "Project 2061 Benchmarks for Science Literacy," which forms the basis of most state science standards.

American Association for the Advancement of Science (;)

2005-01-01

489

Evaluation of first flush phenomenon from bridge and parking lot sites in the Gyeongan watershed in Korea.  

PubMed

Urban land-use areas with high imperviousness, such as bridges, highways, and parking lots, are known to be responsible for relatively large amounts of stormwater runoff and high concentration of pollutants particularly in the "first flush". This study was conducted to determine the effect of first flush from urban land-use sites located in Yongin City, Korea, on runoff amounts and pollutant concentration. It was observed that, on most pollutant parameters, the effect was apparent when the data were analyzed qualitatively but it was relatively weak when analyzed quantitatively. A stronger effect was observed from a bridge site than from a parking lot site. Pollutant loads, washed off at 40 and 60% runoff volume, respectively, were also determined for further analysis of the first flush effect to find an improved strategy for best management practices. In this study, no correlation was observed between rainfall intensity and runoff duration with first flush effect. PMID:23581235

Memon, Sheeraz; Go, Sunghoon; Lee, Chang-Hee

2013-03-01

490

"Classic Six": New York City Apartment Building Living, 1880s-1910s  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Apartment envy is not unique to New York City, but it is certainly one of the closest watched real estate markets in the world. As the twentieth century began, savvy real estate developers worked to create ever-grander buildings around Central Park and other prominent locations around the city. This digital collection from the New York Public Library brings together 1300 images that depict elevation views and floor plans for middle and upper-class apartment buildings from the city's pre-World War I residential building boom. The materials include items, diagrams, and photographs from volumes like 1908's "Apartment houses of the metropolis" and "Modern plumbing, no.6." from 1911. Overall, it's a fun site and urbanologists, historians, and lovers of New York City will find it most enjoyable.

491

Automatic parking lot occupancy computation using motion tracking  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Nowadays it is very hard to find available spots in public parking lots and even harder in public facilities such as universities and sports venues. A system that provides drivers with parking availability and parking lot occupancy will allow users find a parking space much easier and faster. This paper presents a system for automatic parking lot occupancy computation using motion tracking. Methods for complexity reduction are presented. The system showed approximately 96% accuracy in determining parking lot occupancy. We showed that by optimizing the resolution and bitrate of the input video, we can reduce the complexity by 70% and still achieved over 90% of accuracy. The results showed that high quality video is not necessary for the proposed algorithm to obtain accurate results.

Justo, Francisco; Kalva, Hari; Raviv, Daniel

2014-03-01

492

Alaska: Glaciers of Kenai Fjords National Park and Katmai and Lake Clark National Parks and Preserve  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

There are hundreds of glaciers in Kenai Fjords National Park (KEFJ) and Katmai National Park and Preserve (KATM) covering over 2276 sq km of park land (circa 2000). There are two primary glacierized areas in KEFJ -- the Harding Icefield and the Grewingk-Yalik Glacier Complex, and three primary glacierized areas in KATM - the Mt. Douglas area, the Kukak Volcano to Mt. Katmai area and the Mt. Martin area. Most glaciers in these parks terminate on land, though a few terminate in lakes. Only KEFJ has tidewater glaciers, which terminate in the ocean. Glacier mapping and analysis of the change in glacier extent has been accomplished on a decadal scale using satellite imagery, primarily Landsat data from the 1970s, 1980s, and from 2000. Landsat Multispectral Scanner (MSS), Thematic Mapper (TM) and Enhanced Thematic Mapper Plus (ETM+) imagery was used to map glacier extent on a park-wide basis. Classification of glacier ice using image processing software, along with extensive manual editing, was employed to create Geographic Information System (GIS) outlines of the glacier extent for each park. Many glaciers that originate in KEFJ but terminate outside the park boundaries were also mapped. Results of the analysis show that there has been a reduction in the amount of glacier ice cover in the two parks over the study period. Our measurements show a reduction of approximately 21 sq km, or -1.5% (from 1986 to 2000), and 76 sq km, or -7.7% (from 1986/87 to 2000), in KEFJ and KATM, respectively. This work represents the first comprehensive study of glaciers of KATM. Issues that complicate the mapping of glacier extent include: debris-cover (moraine and volcanic ash), shadows, clouds, fresh snow, lingering snow from the previous season, and differences in spatial resolution between the MSS and TM or ETM+ sensors. Similar glacier mapping efforts in western Canada estimate mapping errors of 3-4%. Measurements were also collected from a suite of glaciers in KEFJ and KATM detailing terminus positions and rates of recession using datasets including the 15-minute USGS quadrangle maps (1950/1951), Landsat imagery (1986/1987, 2000, 2006) and 2005 Ikonos imagery (KEFJ only).

Giffen, bruce A.; Hall, Dorothy K.; Chien, Janet Y. L.

2011-01-01

493

Universities Scale Like Cities  

PubMed Central

Recent studies of urban scaling show that important socioeconomic city characteristics such as wealth and innovation capacity exhibit a nonlinear, particularly a power law scaling with population size. These nonlinear effects are common to all cities, with similar power law exponents. These findings mean that the larger the city, the more disproportionally they are places of wealth and innovation. Local properties of cities cause a deviation from the expected behavior as predicted by the power law scaling. In this paper we demonstrate that universities show a similar behavior as cities in the distribution of the ‘gross university income’ in terms of total number of citations over ‘size’ in terms of total number of publications. Moreover, the power law exponents for university scaling are comparable to those for urban scaling. We find that deviations from the expected behavior can indeed be explained by specific local properties of universities, particularly the field-specific composition of a university, and its quality in terms of field-normalized citation impact. By studying both the set of the 500 largest universities worldwide and a specific subset of these 500 universities -the top-100 European universities- we are also able to distinguish between properties of universities with as well as without selection of one specific local property, the quality of a university in terms of its average field-normalized citation impact. It also reveals an interesting observation concerning the working of a crucial property in networked systems, preferential attachment.

van Raan, Anthony F. J.

2013-01-01

494

The Prediction of the Scale of Logistics Park Site in Changsha Based on Parametric Method  

Microsoft Academic Search

As an emerging service sector in the national economy, logistics industry is developing worldwide rapidly. With the rapid development of logistics park, the enclosure movement of logistics park emerges without control guidance, which will inevitably result in inflation of logistics parks. By referring to the successful experiences of foreign logistics park planning, this article predicts the scales of Logistics Park

Fang Wei; Li Chong

2010-01-01

495

Near-optimal energy fuzzy parking of mobile robots  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, the trajectory-planning problem of a mobile robot is studied with an application to near optimal energy parking. A hybrid data-driven neuro-fuzzy system composed of two steps is developed; first, we introduce a preprocessing step involving offline trajectory parking, and generating reference optimal energy trajectories, while satisfying several constraints related to robot kinematics and dynamics and parking lot

Amar Khoukhi; Kudret Demirli

2009-01-01

496

Water in the City  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Water in the City is part of the Franklin Institute Science Museum's Science in the City Web site. The activity is described as a way to investigate the most precious natural resource in cities. The resources accumulated and presented on the site are held within several areas that include Water Basics, Water Science, Philadelphia Water Ways, Worldwide Water Ways, and References and Activities. The water basics page, for example, contains a glossary of water terminology; water trivia; and information on water myths and realities, dams, water power, conserving water, and keeping water clean. Although most resources are from outside sources, the site does a good job of explaining the concepts and providing kids with a single spot to explore other sites with information on this specific subject.

497

Cities Around the World  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

From Carthage to Chicago, this fascinating digital collection from the University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee presents quite a cornucopia of photographic images drawn from the world's cities, past and present. The images are from the American Geographic Society Library, and just two photographers, Harrison Forman and the noted urban geographer, Harold Mayer, took the pictures. All told, there are over 5500 photographic images in this collection, and first-time visitors should read over the brief introductory essays on the scope and content of this project before jumping into the materials. By clicking on the "Cities" section, visitors can browse around the cities with the most photographs, and then they may also wish to perform a detailed search. There are some fun surprises here, including an aerial view of the Union Stock Yards in Chicago and the governor's residence in Dar es Salaam.

498

100 Resilient Cities  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The future of cities is the subject of much hand-wringing in urban policy circles. As of late, a popular topic has been the concept of urban "resilience" and the Rockefeller Foundation has taken this matter on with its 100 Resilient Cities initiative. On its website, first-time visitors should first explore the "What is Resilience?" area. Here, the topic is explained in detail and an infographic links to a number of helpful resources. Moving on, visitors can explore the foundation's blog and some of the Most Read entries, such as "The Five Fastest Growing Cities" and "Slumdog Urbanism." Each entry features a comments section that allows visitors to chime in with their own thoughts on resilience in the 21st century. The site is rounded out with a nice subscription feature, allowing readers the opportunity to receive email updates once new material is published on the site.

499

The Atlantic Cities  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

What will the future of cities be like? It's a riveting question and one that excites the passions of the folks at The Atlantic Cities website. Their work here "explores the most innovative ideas and pressing issues facing today's global cities and neighborhoods." Visitors should browse through their newest articles, which might include "Why Our Kids Need Play" and "How Poverty Taxes the Brain." The site also has some neat features, including the Charts, Photos, and Urban Wonk areas. Geographers and artists will love the Maps section, which includes both scholarly and humorous offerings. First-time visitors should pay special attention here to "A Block-by-Block Map of Brooklyn, in Garbage" and "One Map, A World of Temperatures." Additionally, visitors can also sign up to receive their e-newsletter and other updates, including information about upcoming conferences and lectures sponsored by The Atlantic.

2013-09-23

500

Ultrafine particles in cities.  

PubMed

Ultrafine particles (UFPs; diameter less than 100 nm) are ubiquitous in urban air, and an acknowledged risk to human health. Globally, the major source for urban outdoor UFP concentrations is motor traffic. Ongoing trends towards urbanisation and expansion of road traffic are anticipated to further increase population exposure to UFPs. Numerous experimental studies have characterised UFPs in individual cities, but an integrated evaluation of emissions and population exposure is still lacking. Our analysis suggests that the average exposure to outdoor UFPs in Asian cities is about four-times larger than that in European cities but impacts on human health are largely unknown. This article reviews some fundamental drivers of UFP emissions and dispersion, and highlights unresolved challenges, as well as recommendations to ensure sustainable urban development whilst minimising any possible adverse health impacts. PMID:24503484

Kumar, Prashant; Morawska, Lidia; Birmili, Wolfram; Paasonen, Pauli; Hu, Min; Kulmala, Markku; Harrison, Roy M; Norford, Leslie; Britter, Rex

2014-05-01