Science.gov

Sample records for 5-4 xrq2 form

  1. Form factor dispersion at La M5,4 edges and average density of resonant atoms.

    PubMed

    Smadici, S; Lee, J C T; Logvenov, G; Bozovic, I; Abbamonte, P

    2014-01-15

    Resonant soft x-ray scattering on complex oxide superlattices shows very large variations in the superlattice reflection position and intensity near La M5,4 edges. Resonant dispersion of the La x-ray form factor describes the observations well. We determine the average density of resonant La atoms and the thickness of superlattice layers. PMID:24318961

  2. The solubility of the tetragonal form of hen egg white lysozyme from pH 4.0 to 5.4

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Cacioppo, Elizabeth; Pusey, Marc L.

    1991-01-01

    Hen egg white lysozyme solubilities in the presence of the tetragonal crystal form have been determined. Conditions investigated cover the pH range 4.0 to 5.4, varying from 2.0 to 7.0 percent NaCl concentrations and from 4 to 25 C. In all instances, the solubilities were found to increase with temperature and decrease with increasing salt concentration. The effects of pH were more complex, showing a decreasing solubility with increasing pH at low salt concentration and an increasing solubility with increasing pH at high salt concentration.

  3. 4 CFR 5.4 - Pay administration.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 4 Accounts 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Pay administration. 5.4 Section 5.4 Accounts GOVERNMENT ACCOUNTABILITY OFFICE PERSONNEL SYSTEM COMPENSATION § 5.4 Pay administration. The provisions of chapter 55 of title 5, U.S. Code and the Office of Personnel Management implementing regulations apply to...

  4. 4 CFR 5.4 - Pay administration.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 4 Accounts 1 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Pay administration. 5.4 Section 5.4 Accounts GOVERNMENT ACCOUNTABILITY OFFICE PERSONNEL SYSTEM COMPENSATION § 5.4 Pay administration. The provisions of chapter 55 of title 5, U.S. Code and the Office of Personnel Management implementing regulations apply to...

  5. 4 CFR 5.4 - Pay administration.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 4 Accounts 1 2014-01-01 2013-01-01 true Pay administration. 5.4 Section 5.4 Accounts GOVERNMENT ACCOUNTABILITY OFFICE PERSONNEL SYSTEM COMPENSATION § 5.4 Pay administration. The provisions of chapter 55 of title 5, U.S. Code and the Office of Personnel Management implementing regulations apply to...

  6. 43 CFR 1610.5-4 - Maintenance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 2 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Maintenance. 1610.5-4 Section 1610.5-4 Public Lands: Interior Regulations Relating to Public Lands (Continued) BUREAU OF LAND MANAGEMENT, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR GENERAL MANAGEMENT (1000) PLANNING, PROGRAMMING, BUDGETING Resource...

  7. The 5-(4-Ethynylophenoxy) isophthalic chloride

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Hergenrother, P. M.; Jensen, B. J. (Inventor)

    1986-01-01

    Sulfone-ester polymers containing pendent ethynyl groups and a direct and multistep process for preparing them are disclosed. The multistep process involves the conversion of a pendent bromo group to the ethynyl group while the direct route involves reating hydroxy-terminated sulfone oligomer or polymers with a stoichiometric amount of 5-(4-ethynylphenoxy) isophthaloyl chloride. The 5-(4-ethynylphenoxy) isophthaloyl chloride and the process for preparing it are also disclosed.

  8. 12 CFR 5.4 - Filing required.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... CORPORATE ACTIVITIES Rules of General Applicability § 5.4 Filing required. (a) Filing. A depository institution shall file an application or notice with the OCC to engage in corporate activities and... advise an applicant through a pre-filing communication to send the filing or submission directly to...

  9. 43 CFR 2650.5-4 - Village surveys.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 2 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Village surveys. 2650.5-4 Section 2650.5-4...: Generally § 2650.5-4 Village surveys. (a) Only the exterior boundaries of contiguous entitlements for each village corporation will be surveyed. Where land within the outer perimeter of a selection is not...

  10. 43 CFR 2650.5-4 - Village surveys.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 2 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Village surveys. 2650.5-4 Section 2650.5-4...: Generally § 2650.5-4 Village surveys. (a) Only the exterior boundaries of contiguous entitlements for each village corporation will be surveyed. Where land within the outer perimeter of a selection is not...

  11. 43 CFR 2650.5-4 - Village surveys.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 2 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Village surveys. 2650.5-4 Section 2650.5-4...: Generally § 2650.5-4 Village surveys. (a) Only the exterior boundaries of contiguous entitlements for each village corporation will be surveyed. Where land within the outer perimeter of a selection is not...

  12. 43 CFR 2650.5-4 - Village surveys.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 2 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Village surveys. 2650.5-4 Section 2650.5-4...: Generally § 2650.5-4 Village surveys. (a) Only the exterior boundaries of contiguous entitlements for each village corporation will be surveyed. Where land within the outer perimeter of a selection is not...

  13. 29 CFR 5.3-5.4 - [Reserved

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 1 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false 5.3-5.4 Section 5.3-5.4 Labor Office of the Secretary of Labor LABOR STANDARDS PROVISIONS APPLICABLE TO CONTRACTS COVERING FEDERALLY FINANCED AND ASSISTED... WORK HOURS AND SAFETY STANDARDS ACT) Davis-Bacon and Related Acts Provisions and Procedures §§ 5.3-5.4...

  14. 5 CFR 5.4 - Information and testimony.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 1 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Information and testimony. 5.4 Section 5.4 Administrative Personnel OFFICE OF PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT CIVIL SERVICE RULES REGULATIONS, INVESTIGATION, AND ENFORCEMENT (RULE V) § 5.4 Information and testimony. When required by the Office, the...

  15. 5 CFR 5.4 - Information and testimony.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 1 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Information and testimony. 5.4 Section 5.4 Administrative Personnel OFFICE OF PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT CIVIL SERVICE RULES REGULATIONS, INVESTIGATION, AND ENFORCEMENT (RULE V) § 5.4 Information and testimony. When required by the Office, the...

  16. 29 CFR 5.3-5.4 - [Reserved

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false 5.3-5.4 Section 5.3-5.4 Labor Office of the Secretary of Labor LABOR STANDARDS PROVISIONS APPLICABLE TO CONTRACTS COVERING FEDERALLY FINANCED AND ASSISTED... WORK HOURS AND SAFETY STANDARDS ACT) Davis-Bacon and Related Acts Provisions and Procedures §§ 5.3-5.4...

  17. 29 CFR 5.3-5.4 - [Reserved

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 1 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false 5.3-5.4 Section 5.3-5.4 Labor Office of the Secretary of Labor LABOR STANDARDS PROVISIONS APPLICABLE TO CONTRACTS COVERING FEDERALLY FINANCED AND ASSISTED... WORK HOURS AND SAFETY STANDARDS ACT) Davis-Bacon and Related Acts Provisions and Procedures §§ 5.3-5.4...

  18. 5 CFR 5.4 - Information and testimony.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 1 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Information and testimony. 5.4 Section 5.4 Administrative Personnel OFFICE OF PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT CIVIL SERVICE RULES REGULATIONS, INVESTIGATION, AND ENFORCEMENT (RULE V) § 5.4 Information and testimony. When required by the Office, the...

  19. 5 CFR 5.4 - Information and testimony.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 1 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Information and testimony. 5.4 Section 5.4 Administrative Personnel OFFICE OF PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT CIVIL SERVICE RULES REGULATIONS, INVESTIGATION, AND ENFORCEMENT (RULE V) § 5.4 Information and testimony. When required by the Office, the...

  20. 5 CFR 5.4 - Information and testimony.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Information and testimony. 5.4 Section 5.4 Administrative Personnel OFFICE OF PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT CIVIL SERVICE RULES REGULATIONS, INVESTIGATION, AND ENFORCEMENT (RULE V) § 5.4 Information and testimony. When required by the Office, the...

  1. 1 CFR 5.4 - Publication not authorized.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 1 General Provisions 1 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Publication not authorized. 5.4 Section 5.4 General Provisions ADMINISTRATIVE COMMITTEE OF THE FEDERAL REGISTER THE FEDERAL REGISTER GENERAL § 5.4 Publication not authorized. (a) Chapter 15 of title 44, United States Code, does not apply to...

  2. 1 CFR 5.4 - Publication not authorized.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 1 General Provisions 1 2013-01-01 2012-01-01 true Publication not authorized. 5.4 Section 5.4 General Provisions ADMINISTRATIVE COMMITTEE OF THE FEDERAL REGISTER THE FEDERAL REGISTER GENERAL § 5.4 Publication not authorized. (a) Chapter 15 of title 44, United States Code, does not apply to...

  3. 1 CFR 5.4 - Publication not authorized.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 1 General Provisions 1 2014-01-01 2012-01-01 true Publication not authorized. 5.4 Section 5.4 General Provisions ADMINISTRATIVE COMMITTEE OF THE FEDERAL REGISTER THE FEDERAL REGISTER GENERAL § 5.4 Publication not authorized. (a) Chapter 15 of title 44, United States Code, does not apply to...

  4. 1 CFR 5.4 - Publication not authorized.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 1 General Provisions 1 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Publication not authorized. 5.4 Section 5.4 General Provisions ADMINISTRATIVE COMMITTEE OF THE FEDERAL REGISTER THE FEDERAL REGISTER GENERAL § 5.4 Publication not authorized. (a) Chapter 15 of title 44, United States Code, does not apply to...

  5. 1 CFR 5.4 - Publication not authorized.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 1 General Provisions 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Publication not authorized. 5.4 Section 5.4 General Provisions ADMINISTRATIVE COMMITTEE OF THE FEDERAL REGISTER THE FEDERAL REGISTER GENERAL § 5.4 Publication not authorized. (a) Chapter 15 of title 44, United States Code, does not apply to...

  6. Planar pentacoordinate carbons in CBe5(4-) derivatives.

    PubMed

    Grande-Aztatzi, Rafael; Cabellos, José Luis; Islas, Rafael; Infante, Ivan; Mercero, José M; Restrepo, Albeiro; Merino, Gabriel

    2015-02-14

    The potential energy surfaces of a series of clusters with formula CBe5Lin(n-4) (n = 1 to 5) have been systematically explored. Our computations show that the lithium cations preserve the CBe5(4-) pentagon, such that the global minimum structure for these series of clusters has a planar pentacoordinate carbon (ppC) atom. The systems are primarily connected via a network of multicenter σ-bonds, in which the C atom acts as σ-acceptor and this acceptance of charge is balanced by the donation of the 2pz electrons to the π-cloud. The induced magnetic field analysis suggests that the clusters with formula CBe5Lin(n-4) (n = 1 to 5) are fully delocalized. The fact that these ppC-containing clusters are the lowest-energy forms on the corresponding potential energy surfaces raises expectations that these species can be prepared experimentally in the gas phase. PMID:25585940

  7. 11 CFR 5.4 - Availability of records.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 11 Federal Elections 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Availability of records. 5.4 Section 5.4... Availability of records. (a) In accordance with 2 U.S.C. 438(a), the Commission shall make the following... records subject to the Act and the maximum availability of such records to the public, nothing...

  8. 27 CFR 5.4 - Delegations of the Administrator.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... the Administrator's Authorities in 27 CFR Part 5, Labeling and Advertising of Distilled Spirits. You... Administrator. 5.4 Section 5.4 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms ALCOHOL AND TOBACCO TAX AND TRADE BUREAU... the Administrator. Most of the regulatory authorities of the Administrator contained in this part...

  9. 43 CFR 3585.5-4 - Notice of exploration.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 2 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Notice of exploration. 3585.5-4 Section 3585.5-4 Public Lands: Interior Regulations Relating to Public Lands (Continued) BUREAU OF LAND MANAGEMENT, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR MINERALS MANAGEMENT (3000) SPECIAL LEASING AREAS White...

  10. 27 CFR 5.4 - Delegations of the Administrator.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... the Administrator's Authorities in 27 CFR Part 5, Labeling and Advertising of Distilled Spirits. You... Administrator. 5.4 Section 5.4 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms ALCOHOL AND TOBACCO TAX AND TRADE BUREAU... the Administrator. Most of the regulatory authorities of the Administrator contained in this part...

  11. 27 CFR 5.4 - Delegations of the Administrator.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... the Administrator's Authorities in 27 CFR Part 5, Labeling and Advertising of Distilled Spirits. You... Administrator. 5.4 Section 5.4 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms ALCOHOL AND TOBACCO TAX AND TRADE BUREAU... the Administrator. Most of the regulatory authorities of the Administrator contained in this part...

  12. 27 CFR 5.4 - Delegations of the Administrator.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... the Administrator's Authorities in 27 CFR Part 5, Labeling and Advertising of Distilled Spirits. You... Administrator. 5.4 Section 5.4 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms ALCOHOL AND TOBACCO TAX AND TRADE BUREAU... the Administrator. Most of the regulatory authorities of the Administrator contained in this part...

  13. 43 CFR 3585.5-4 - Notice of exploration.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 2 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Notice of exploration. 3585.5-4 Section 3585.5-4 Public Lands: Interior Regulations Relating to Public Lands (Continued) BUREAU OF LAND MANAGEMENT, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR MINERALS MANAGEMENT (3000) SPECIAL LEASING AREAS White...

  14. 43 CFR 3110.5-4 - Accreted lands.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 2 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Accreted lands. 3110.5-4 Section 3110.5-4 Public Lands: Interior Regulations Relating to Public Lands (Continued) BUREAU OF LAND MANAGEMENT, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR MINERALS MANAGEMENT (3000) NONCOMPETITIVE LEASES Noncompetitive Leases §...

  15. 43 CFR 3110.5-4 - Accreted lands.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 2 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Accreted lands. 3110.5-4 Section 3110.5-4 Public Lands: Interior Regulations Relating to Public Lands (Continued) BUREAU OF LAND MANAGEMENT, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR MINERALS MANAGEMENT (3000) NONCOMPETITIVE LEASES Noncompetitive Leases §...

  16. 43 CFR 3110.5-4 - Accreted lands.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 2 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Accreted lands. 3110.5-4 Section 3110.5-4 Public Lands: Interior Regulations Relating to Public Lands (Continued) BUREAU OF LAND MANAGEMENT, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR MINERALS MANAGEMENT (3000) NONCOMPETITIVE LEASES Noncompetitive Leases §...

  17. 41 CFR 51-5.4 - Purchase exceptions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Purchase exceptions. 51-5.4 Section 51-5.4 Public Contracts and Property Management Other Provisions Relating to Public Contracts COMMITTEE FOR PURCHASE FROM PEOPLE WHO ARE BLIND OR SEVERELY DISABLED 5-CONTRACTING...

  18. 43 CFR 3585.5-4 - Notice of exploration.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 2 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Notice of exploration. 3585.5-4 Section 3585.5-4 Public Lands: Interior Regulations Relating to Public Lands (Continued) BUREAU OF LAND MANAGEMENT, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR MINERALS MANAGEMENT (3000) SPECIAL LEASING AREAS White...

  19. SOHO Captures CME From X5.4 Solar Flare

    NASA Video Gallery

    The Solar Heliospheric Observatory (SOHO) captured this movie of the sun's coronal mass ejection (CME) associated with an X5.4 solar flare on the evening of March 6, 2012. The extremely fast and en...

  20. 43 CFR 3141.5-4 - Lease size.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ..., DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR MINERALS MANAGEMENT (3000) LEASING IN SPECIAL TAR SAND AREAS Leasing in Special Tar Sand Areas § 3141.5-4 Lease size. Combined hydrocarbon leases or tar sand leases in Special Tar Sand Areas shall not exceed 5,760 acres....

  1. 43 CFR 3141.5-4 - Lease size.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ..., DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR MINERALS MANAGEMENT (3000) LEASING IN SPECIAL TAR SAND AREAS Leasing in Special Tar Sand Areas § 3141.5-4 Lease size. Combined hydrocarbon leases or tar sand leases in Special Tar Sand Areas shall not exceed 5,760 acres....

  2. 43 CFR 3141.5-4 - Lease size.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ..., DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR MINERALS MANAGEMENT (3000) LEASING IN SPECIAL TAR SAND AREAS Leasing in Special Tar Sand Areas § 3141.5-4 Lease size. Combined hydrocarbon leases or tar sand leases in Special Tar Sand Areas shall not exceed 5,760 acres....

  3. 43 CFR 3141.5-4 - Lease size.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ..., DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR MINERALS MANAGEMENT (3000) LEASING IN SPECIAL TAR SAND AREAS Leasing in Special Tar Sand Areas § 3141.5-4 Lease size. Combined hydrocarbon leases or tar sand leases in Special Tar Sand Areas shall not exceed 5,760 acres....

  4. 5.4 Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Diagnostic Ultrasound

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bernhardt, J. H.

    This document is part of Subvolume A 'Fundamentals and Data in Radiobiology, Radiation Biophysics, Dosimetry and Medical Radiological Protection' of Volume 7 'Medical Radiological Physics' of Landolt-Börnstein - Group VIII 'Advanced Materials and Technologies'. It contains the Section '5.4 Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Diagnostic Ultrasound' of the Chapter '5 Medical Radiological Protection' with the contents:

  5. Completion Report for Well Cluster ER-5-4

    SciTech Connect

    U.S. Department of Energy, National Nuclear Security Administration, Nevada Site Office; Bechtel Nevada

    2005-02-01

    Well Cluster ER-5-4 was drilled for the U.S. Department of Energy, National Nuclear Security Administration Nevada Site Office, in support of the Nevada Environmental Restoration Project at the Nevada Test Site, Nye County, Nevada. The cluster consists of two wells, positioned about 30 meters apart on the same drill pad, constructed as part of a hydrogeologic investigation program for Frenchman Flat at the Nevada Test Site. Detailed lithologic descriptions with preliminary stratigraphic assignments for the well cluster are included in this report. These are based on composite drill cuttings collected every 3 meters, and 156 sidewall samples taken at various depths below 192 meters in both boreholes, supplemented by geophysical log data. Detailed petrographic, chemical, and mineralogical studies of rock samples were conducted on 122 samples. Well ER-5-4 penetrated approximately 1,120 meters of Quaternary and Tertiary alluvium before reaching total depth in Tertiary volcanic rocks at 1,137.5 meters. The deeper Well ER-5-4 No.2 penetrated 1,120.4 meters of alluvial sediments, and was terminated within Tertiary volcanic rocks at a depth of 2,133.6 meters, indicating that Paleozoic rocks are deeper than expected at this site.

  6. 7 CFR 5.4 - Commodities for which parity prices shall be calculated.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 1 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Commodities for which parity prices shall be calculated. 5.4 Section 5.4 Agriculture Office of the Secretary of Agriculture DETERMINATION OF PARITY PRICES § 5.4 Commodities for which parity prices shall be calculated. Parity prices shall be calculated for the following commodities: Basic...

  7. 7 CFR 5.4 - Commodities for which parity prices shall be calculated.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Commodities for which parity prices shall be calculated. 5.4 Section 5.4 Agriculture Office of the Secretary of Agriculture DETERMINATION OF PARITY PRICES § 5.4 Commodities for which parity prices shall be calculated. Parity prices shall be calculated for the following commodities: Basic...

  8. 36 CFR 5.4 - Commercial passenger-carrying motor vehicles.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... motor vehicles. 5.4 Section 5.4 Parks, Forests, and Public Property NATIONAL PARK SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR COMMERCIAL AND PRIVATE OPERATIONS § 5.4 Commercial passenger-carrying motor vehicles. (a) The commercial transportation of passengers by motor vehicles except as authorized under a contract...

  9. 37 CFR 5.4 - Petition for rescission of secrecy order.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... secrecy order. 5.4 Section 5.4 Patents, Trademarks, and Copyrights UNITED STATES PATENT AND TRADEMARK... APPLICATIONS IN FOREIGN COUNTRIES Secrecy Orders § 5.4 Petition for rescission of secrecy order. (a) A petition for rescission or removal of a secrecy order may be filed by, or on behalf of, any principal...

  10. 37 CFR 5.4 - Petition for rescission of secrecy order.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... secrecy order. 5.4 Section 5.4 Patents, Trademarks, and Copyrights UNITED STATES PATENT AND TRADEMARK... APPLICATIONS IN FOREIGN COUNTRIES Secrecy Orders § 5.4 Petition for rescission of secrecy order. (a) A petition for rescission or removal of a secrecy order may be filed by, or on behalf of, any principal...

  11. 37 CFR 5.4 - Petition for rescission of secrecy order.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... secrecy order. 5.4 Section 5.4 Patents, Trademarks, and Copyrights UNITED STATES PATENT AND TRADEMARK... APPLICATIONS IN FOREIGN COUNTRIES Secrecy Orders § 5.4 Petition for rescission of secrecy order. (a) A petition for rescission or removal of a secrecy order may be filed by, or on behalf of, any principal...

  12. 37 CFR 5.4 - Petition for rescission of secrecy order.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... secrecy order. 5.4 Section 5.4 Patents, Trademarks, and Copyrights UNITED STATES PATENT AND TRADEMARK... APPLICATIONS IN FOREIGN COUNTRIES Secrecy Orders § 5.4 Petition for rescission of secrecy order. (a) A petition for rescission or removal of a secrecy order may be filed by, or on behalf of, any principal...

  13. 43 CFR 2091.5-4 - Segregative effect and opening: Water power withdrawals.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 2 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Segregative effect and opening: Water power withdrawals. 2091.5-4 Section 2091.5-4 Public Lands: Interior Regulations Relating to Public Lands... LAWS AND RULES Segregation and Opening of Lands § 2091.5-4 Segregative effect and opening: Water...

  14. 43 CFR 2091.5-4 - Segregative effect and opening: Water power withdrawals.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 2 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Segregative effect and opening: Water power withdrawals. 2091.5-4 Section 2091.5-4 Public Lands: Interior Regulations Relating to Public Lands... LAWS AND RULES Segregation and Opening of Lands § 2091.5-4 Segregative effect and opening: Water...

  15. 43 CFR 2091.5-4 - Segregative effect and opening: Water power withdrawals.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 2 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Segregative effect and opening: Water power withdrawals. 2091.5-4 Section 2091.5-4 Public Lands: Interior Regulations Relating to Public Lands... LAWS AND RULES Segregation and Opening of Lands § 2091.5-4 Segregative effect and opening: Water...

  16. 18 CFR 5.4 - Acceleration of a license expiration date.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... license expiration date. 5.4 Section 5.4 Conservation of Power and Water Resources FEDERAL ENERGY... APPLICATION PROCESS § 5.4 Acceleration of a license expiration date. (a) Request for acceleration. (1) No... chapter, a written request for acceleration of the expiration date of its existing license, containing...

  17. 18 CFR 5.4 - Acceleration of a license expiration date.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... license expiration date. 5.4 Section 5.4 Conservation of Power and Water Resources FEDERAL ENERGY... APPLICATION PROCESS § 5.4 Acceleration of a license expiration date. (a) Request for acceleration. (1) No... chapter, a written request for acceleration of the expiration date of its existing license, containing...

  18. 18 CFR 5.4 - Acceleration of a license expiration date.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... license expiration date. 5.4 Section 5.4 Conservation of Power and Water Resources FEDERAL ENERGY... APPLICATION PROCESS § 5.4 Acceleration of a license expiration date. (a) Request for acceleration. (1) No... chapter, a written request for acceleration of the expiration date of its existing license, containing...

  19. 18 CFR 5.4 - Acceleration of a license expiration date.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... license expiration date. 5.4 Section 5.4 Conservation of Power and Water Resources FEDERAL ENERGY... APPLICATION PROCESS § 5.4 Acceleration of a license expiration date. (a) Request for acceleration. (1) No... chapter, a written request for acceleration of the expiration date of its existing license, containing...

  20. 18 CFR 5.4 - Acceleration of a license expiration date.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Acceleration of a license expiration date. 5.4 Section 5.4 Conservation of Power and Water Resources FEDERAL ENERGY REGULATORY COMMISSION, DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY REGULATIONS UNDER THE FEDERAL POWER ACT INTEGRATED LICENSE APPLICATION PROCESS § 5.4 Acceleration of a...

  1. Outcomes of the 5-4-3-2-1 Go Childhood Obesity Community Trial

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Evans, W. Douglas; Christoffel, Katherine K.; Necheles, Jonathan; Becker, Adam B.; Snider, Jeremy

    2011-01-01

    Objectives: To determine effects of the "5-4-3-2-1 Go" community social marketing campaign on obesity risk factors. Methods: We randomly assigned 524 parents of 3- to 7-year-old children to receive "5-4-3-2-1 Go" counseling or not. We surveyed parents about "5-4-3-2-1 Go!" behaviors and perceptions of children's behaviors at baseline and one year…

  2. 37 CFR 5.4 - Petition for rescission of secrecy order.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 37 Patents, Trademarks, and Copyrights 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Petition for rescission of secrecy order. 5.4 Section 5.4 Patents, Trademarks, and Copyrights UNITED STATES PATENT AND TRADEMARK OFFICE, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE GENERAL SECRECY OF CERTAIN INVENTIONS AND LICENSES TO EXPORT AND FILE APPLICATIONS IN FOREIGN COUNTRIES Secrecy...

  3. 43 CFR 2091.5-4 - Segregative effect and opening: Water power withdrawals.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 2 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Segregative effect and opening: Water power withdrawals. 2091.5-4 Section 2091.5-4 Public Lands: Interior Regulations Relating to Public Lands (Continued) BUREAU OF LAND MANAGEMENT, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAND RESOURCE MANAGEMENT (2000) SPECIAL LAWS AND RULES Segregation and Opening...

  4. 45 CFR 5.4 - Relationship between the FOIA and the Privacy Act of 1974.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... ADMINISTRATION FREEDOM OF INFORMATION REGULATIONS Basic Policy § 5.4 Relationship between the FOIA and the... your request under the Privacy Act and part 5b. If there is any record that we need not release to...

  5. Combination of searches for anomalous top quark couplings with 5.4 fb(-1) of p(p)over-bar collisions

    SciTech Connect

    Abazov V. M.; Abbott, B.; Acharya, B. S.; Adams, M.; Adams, T.; Alexeev, G. D.; Alkhazov, G.; Alton, A.; Alverson, G.; Aoki, M.; Askew, A.; Atkins, S.; Augsten, K.; Avila, C.; Badaud, F.; Bagby, L.; Baldin, B.; Bandurin, D. V.; Banerjee, S.; Barberis, E.; Baringer, P.; Barreto, J.; Bartlett, J. F.; Bassler, U.; Bazterra, V.; Bean, A.; Begalli, M.; Bellantoni, L.; Beri, S. B.; Bernardi, G.; Bernhard, R.; Bertram, I.; Besancon, M.; Beuselinck, R.; Bezzubov, V. A.; Bhat, P. C.; Bhatia, S.; Bhatnagar, V.; Blazey, G.; Blessing, S.; Bloom, K.; Boehnlein, A.; Boline, D.; Boos, E. E.; Borissov, G.; Bose, T.; Brandt, A.; Brandt, O.; Brock, R.; Brooijmans, G.; Bross, A.; Brown, D.; Brown, J.; Bu, X. B.; Buehler, M.; Buescher, V.; Bunichev, V.; Burdin, S.; Buszello, C. P.; Camacho-Perez, E.; Casey, B. C. K.; Castilla-Valdez, H.; Caughron, S.; Chakrabarti, S.; Chakraborty, D.; Chan, K. M.; Chandra, A.; Chapon, E.; Chen, G.; Chevalier-Thery, S.; Cho, D. K.; Cho, S. W.; Choi, S.; Choudhary, B.; Cihangir, S.; Claes, D.; Clutter, J.; Cooke, M.; Cooper, W. E.; Corcoran, M.; Couderc, F.; Cousinou, M. -C.; Croc, A.; Cutts, D.; Das, A.; Davies, G.; de Jong, S. J.; De La Cruz-Burelo, E.; Deliot, F.; Demina, R.; Denisov, D.; Denisov, S. P.; Desai, S.; Deterre, C.; DeVaughan, K.; Diehl, H. T.; Diesburg, M.; Ding, P. F.; Dominguez, A.; Dubey, A.; Dudko, L. V.; Duggan, D.; Duperrin, A.; Dutt, S.; Dyshkant, A.; Eads, M.; Edmunds, D.; Ellison, J.; Elvira, V. D.; Enari, Y.; Evans, H.; Evdokimov, A.; Evdokimov, V. N.; Facini, G.; Feng, L.; Ferbel, T.; Fiedler, F.; Filthaut, F.; Fisher, W.; Fisk, H. E.; Fortner, M.; Fox, H.; Fuess, S.; Garcia-Bellido, A.; Garcia-Gonzalez, J. A.; Garcia-Guerra, G. A.; Gavrilov, V.; Gay, P.; Geng, W.; Gerbaudo, D.; Gerber, C. E.; Gershtein, Y.; Ginther, G.; Golovanov, G.; Goussiou, A.; Grannis, P. D.; Greder, S.; Greenlee, H.; Grenier, G.; Gris, Ph; Grivaz, J-F; Grohsjean, A.; Gruenendahl, S.; Gruenewald, M. W.; Guillemin, T.; Gutierrez, G.; Gutierrez, P.; Haas, A.; Hagopian, S.; Haley, J.; Han, L.; Harder, K.; Harel, A.; Hauptman, J. M.; Hays, J.; Head, T.; Hebbeker, T.; Hedin, D.; Hegab, H.; Heinson, A. P.; Heintz, U.; Hensel, C.; Heredia-De La Cruz, I.; Herner, K.; Hesketh, G.; Hildreth, M. D.; Hirosky, R.; Hoang, T.; Hobbs, J. D.; Hoeneisen, B.; Hohlfeld, M.; Howley, I.; Hubacek, Z.; Hynek, V.; Lashvili, I.; Ilchenko, Y.; Illingworth, R.; Ito, A. S.; Jabeen, S.; Jaffe, M.; Jayasinghe, A.; Jesik, R.; Johns, K.; Johnson, E.; Johnson, M.; Jonckheere, A.; Jonsson, P.; Joshi, J.; Jung, A. W.; Juste, A.; Kaadze, K.; Kajfasz, E.; Karmanov, D.; Kasper, P. A.; Katsanos, I.; Kehoe, R.; Kermiche, S.; Khalatyan, N.; Khanov, A.; Kharchilava, A.; Kharzheev, Y. N.; Kiselevich, I.; Kohli, J. M.; Kozelov, A. V.; Kraus, J.; Kulikov, S.; Kumar, A.; Kupco, A.; Kurca, T.; Kuzmin, V. A.; Lammers, S.; Landsberg, G.; Lebrun, P.; Lee, H. S.; Lee, S. W.; Lee, W. M.; Lellouch, J.; Li, H.; Li, L.; Li, Q. Z.; Lim, J. K.; Lincoln, D.; Linnemann, J.; Lipaev, V. V.; Lipton, R.; Liu, H.; Liu, Y.; Lobodenko, A.; Lokajicek, M.; de Sa, R. Lopes; Lubatti, H. J.; Luna-Garcia, R.; Lyon, A. L.; Maciel, A. K. A.; Madar, R.; Magana-Villalba, R.; Malik, S.; Malyshev, V. L.; Maravin, Y.; Martinez-Ortega, J.; McCarthy, R.; McGivern, C. L.; Meijer, M. M.; Melnitchouk, A.; Menezes, D.; Mercadante, P. G.; Merkin, M.; Meyer, A.; Meyer, J.; et al.

    2012-07-09

    We present measurements of the tWb coupling form factors using information from electroweak single top quark production and from the helicity of W bosons from top quark decays in t{bar t} events. We set upper limits on anomalous tWb coupling form factors using data collected with the D0 detector at the Tevatron p{bar p} collider corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 5.4 fb{sup -1}.

  6. Distribution of Ground Motions for the 2008 Mw5.4 Chino Hills Earthquake

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yong, A.; Hough, S. E.; Wills, C. J.; Wald, D. J.

    2008-12-01

    The 29 July 2008 Mw5.4 Chino Hills earthquake was widely felt throughout the greater Los Angeles region. Over 40,000 people filled out the Community Internet Intensity Map (CIIM), also known as the "Did You Feel It?" questionnaire, and the ShakeMap for the event is constrained by amplitudes from over 500 stations. The CIIM responses provide Modified Mercalli Intensity (MMI) values for 802 Zip codes. Due to the dense population of the greater Los Angeles region, intensity values averaged within Zip codes provide good spatial correlation to the location of the actual reporting sites. We use a least-squares approach to fit the average MMI to a standard functional form, MMI = A - Br - C log r (where r represents distance from the observation site to the epicenter and A, B and C are constants), and calculate the residuals. The distribution of average intensities clusters closely around the curve of the equation, corroborating the conclusion (e.g., Atkinson and Wald, SRL, 2006) that CIIM intensities provide a consistent measure of earthquake ground motions. A comparison of CIIM intensities and instrumentally determined ShakeMap intensities reveals generally good correspondence, but suggests a tendency for ShakeMap intensities to be higher at basin sites. We conclude that the ShakeMap intensities reflect long-period amplification, whereas observed intensities were more controlled by higher frequency accelerations. Where both the CIIM map and ShakeMap show systematic variations, the distributions show a strong correlation with near-surface geological structure, as well as with basin depth. Our preliminary conclusions are: 1) as expected, intensities are lower at hard rock sites; 2) intensities are systematically higher in the deepest parts of the basin and significantly lower in shallow regions. Intensities are systematically lower to the west of the Newport-Inglewood fault correlating with subtle topographic relief and shallower basin depths; 3) there is a suggestion that

  7. Barium aluminides Ba{sub x}Al{sub 5}(x=3,3.5,4)

    SciTech Connect

    Jehle, Michael; Scherer, Harald; Wendorff, Marco; Roehr, Caroline

    2009-05-15

    Three aluminides of the series Ba{sub x}Al{sub 5}(x=3,3.5,4) were synthesized from stoichiometric ratios of the elements in Ta crucibles. The crystal structure of the new compound Ba{sub 7}Al{sub 10} was determined using single crystal X-ray data (space group R3-barm, a=604.23(9), c=4879.0(12)pm, Z=3, R1=0.0325). The compound exhibits Al Kagome (3.6.3.6.) nets in which half of the triangles form the basis of trigonal bipyramids Al{sub 5}. The apical Al are thus three-bonded assuming a charge of -2 ({sup 27}Al-NMR chemical shift delta=660pm), whereas the Al atoms of the basal triangle (i.e. of the Kagome net) are four-bonded and thus of formal charge -1(delta=490ppm). The total charge of the anion is thus exactly compensated by the Ba cations, i.e. the compound can be interpreted as an electron precise Zintl phase, exhibiting a distinct pseudo-band gap at the Fermi level of the calculated tDOS. According to the total formula, the structure displays a combination the stacking sequences of Ba{sub 3}Al{sub 5} and Ba{sub 4}Al{sub 5}, the structures of which have been redetermined with current methods (both hexagonal with space group P6{sub 3}/mmc; Ba{sub 3}Al{sub 5}: a=606.55(7), c=1461.8(2)pm, Z=2, R1=0.0239; Ba{sub 4}Al{sub 5}: a=609.21(7), c=1775.8(3)pm, Z=2, R1=0.0300). These three compounds with slightly different electron counts but similar polyanions allow to compare the bond lengths, the electronic structures and the overall bonding situation in dependence of positive or negative deviation of the electron count in relation to the novel formally electron precise Zintl compound Ba{sub 7}Al{sub 10}. - Al{sub 5} layers of Kagome nets in the new binary electron precise Zintl compound Ba{sub 3.5}Al{sub 5}, also found in Ba{sub 3}Al{sub 5} and Ba{sub 4}Al{sub 5}.

  8. 43 CFR 5.4 - When is a permit required for news-gathering activities?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 1 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false When is a permit required for news... Wildlife Service § 5.4 When is a permit required for news-gathering activities? (a) Permit requirements. News-gathering activities involving filming, videography, or still photography do not require a...

  9. 43 CFR 5.4 - When is a permit required for news-gathering activities?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 1 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false When is a permit required for news... Wildlife Service § 5.4 When is a permit required for news-gathering activities? (a) Permit requirements. News-gathering activities involving filming, videography, or still photography do not require a...

  10. 45 CFR 5.4 - Relationship between the FOIA and the Privacy Act of 1974.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 1 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Relationship between the FOIA and the Privacy Act... ADMINISTRATION FREEDOM OF INFORMATION REGULATIONS Basic Policy § 5.4 Relationship between the FOIA and the Privacy Act of 1974. (a) Coverage. The FOIA and this rule apply to all HHS records. The Privacy Act, 5...

  11. 45 CFR 5.4 - Relationship between the FOIA and the Privacy Act of 1974.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 1 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Relationship between the FOIA and the Privacy Act... ADMINISTRATION FREEDOM OF INFORMATION REGULATIONS Basic Policy § 5.4 Relationship between the FOIA and the Privacy Act of 1974. (a) Coverage. The FOIA and this rule apply to all HHS records. The Privacy Act, 5...

  12. 45 CFR 5.4 - Relationship between the FOIA and the Privacy Act of 1974.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 1 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Relationship between the FOIA and the Privacy Act... ADMINISTRATION FREEDOM OF INFORMATION REGULATIONS Basic Policy § 5.4 Relationship between the FOIA and the Privacy Act of 1974. (a) Coverage. The FOIA and this rule apply to all HHS records. The Privacy Act, 5...

  13. 45 CFR 5.4 - Relationship between the FOIA and the Privacy Act of 1974.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 1 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Relationship between the FOIA and the Privacy Act... ADMINISTRATION FREEDOM OF INFORMATION REGULATIONS Basic Policy § 5.4 Relationship between the FOIA and the Privacy Act of 1974. (a) Coverage. The FOIA and this rule apply to all HHS records. The Privacy Act, 5...

  14. Thermoregulation in unrestrained rats during and after exposure to 1.5-4 G

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Giacchino, J.; Horwitz, B. A.; Horowitz, J. M.

    1979-01-01

    Unrestrained rats were exposed to cold for 1 h during and immediately after exposure to hypergravic fields (1.5-4 G) to determine if they recover their ability to thermoregulate on reentry to 1-G conditions. In contrast to the decreased body temperatures observed when cold exposure occurred concurrently with acceleration, hypothalamic, carotid, and brown fat temperatures did not fall when rats were exposed to cold immediately after return to 1 G. These results support the hypothesis that the thermoregulatory alterations seen under hypergravic conditions are manifestations of an effect of ongoing exposure to hypergravity and can be reversed on termination of acceleration. The reversibility of the thermoregulatory impairment is apparently unaffected by the magnitude of the acceleration field over a range of 1.5-4 G.

  15. SPECTROSCOPIC EVIDENCE FOR A 5.4 MINUTE ORBITAL PERIOD IN HM CANCRI

    SciTech Connect

    Roelofs, Gijs H. A.; Rau, Arne; Marsh, Tom R.; Steeghs, Danny; Groot, Paul J.; Nelemans, Gijs E-mail: arau@mpe.mpg.de

    2010-03-10

    HM Cancri is a candidate ultracompact binary white dwarf with an apparent orbital period of only 5.4 minutes, as suggested by X-ray and optical light-curve modulations on that period, and by the absence of longer-period variability. In this Letter, we present Keck-I spectroscopy which shows clear modulation of the helium emission lines in both radial velocity and amplitude on the 5.4 minute period and no other. The data strongly suggest that the binary is emitting He I 4471 from the irradiated face of the cooler, less massive star, and He II 4686 from a ring around the more massive star. From their relative radial velocities, we measure a mass ratio q = 0.50 {+-} 0.13. We conclude that the observed 5.4 minute period almost certainly represents the orbital period of an interacting binary white dwarf. We thus confirm that HM Cnc is the shortest period binary star known: a unique test for stellar evolution theory, and one of the strongest known sources of gravitational waves for LISA.

  16. Design, synthesis and evaluation of isoxazolo[5,4-d]pyrimidin-4(5H)-one derivatives as antithrombotic agents.

    PubMed

    Yang, Jiabin; Su, Guoqiang; Ren, Yu; Chen, Yang

    2015-02-01

    A series of isoxazolo[5,4-d]pyrimidin-4(5H)-one derivatives have been designed and synthesized as novel antithrombotic agents. The 4-acetoxyl substituted derivative (6g) displays very strong FXa inhibitory activity (IC50=0.013μM), excellent anticoagulant effect in human plasma (2×PT=2.12μM) and high selectivity to thrombin and trypsin. Docking investigation of 6g with FXa protein revealed that the pyrimidone ring of 6g formed a π-π interaction with the phenyl ring of Tyr99, and the carbonyl group in the P1 moiety formed multiple hydrogen bonds to Ser214 and Trp215. These results showed that isoxazolo[5,4-d]pyrimidin-4(5H)-one is an attractive scaffold for designing novel factor Xa inhibitors and 4-carbonyl substituted phenyl ring could be used as novel S1 binding element. PMID:25559742

  17. Probing the Gaseous Disk of T Tau N with CN 5-4 Lines

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Podio, L.; Kamp, I.; Codella, C.; Nisini, B.; Aresu, G.; Brittain, S.; Cabrit, S.; Dougados, C.; Grady, C.; Meijerink, R.; Sandell, G.; Spaans, M.; Thi, W.-F.; White, G. J.; Woitke, P.

    2014-01-01

    We present spectrally resolved observations of the young multiple system T Tau in atomic and molecular lines obtained with the Heterodyne Instrument for the Far Infrared on board Herschel. While CO, H2O, [C ii], and SO lines trace the envelope and the outflowing gas up to velocities of 33 km s(exp -1) with respect to systemic, the CN 5-4 hyperfine structure lines at 566.7, 566.9 GHz show a narrow double-peaked profile centered at systemic velocity, consistent with an origin in the outer region of the compact disk of T Tau N. Disk modeling of the T Tau N disk with the thermo-chemical code ProDiMo produces CN line fluxes and profiles consistent with the observed ones and constrain the size of the gaseous disk (R(sub out) = 110(+10/-20) AU) and its inclination (i = 25 deg +/- 5 deg). The model indicates that the CN lines originate in a disk upper layer at 40-110 AU from the star, which is irradiated by the stellar UV field and heated up to temperatures of 50-700 K. With respect to previously observed CN 2-1 millimeter lines, the CN 5-4 lines appear to be less affected by envelope emission, due to their larger critical density and excitation temperature. Hence, high-J CN lines are a unique confusion-free tracer of embedded disks, such as the disk of T Tau N.

  18. User s Guide for REFoffSpec Version 1.5.4

    SciTech Connect

    Ward, Richard C; Bilheux, Jean-Christophe; Lauter, Valeria; Ambaye, Haile Arena

    2012-09-01

    This document is a user s guide for the IDL software REFoffSpec version 1.5.4 whose purpose is to aggregate for analysis NeXus data files from the magnetism and liquids reflectometer experiments at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory Spallation Neutron Source. The software is used to scale and align multiple data files that constitute a continuous set for an experimental run. The User s Guide for REFoffSepc explains step by step the process using a specific example run. Output screens are provided to orient the user at each step. The guide documents in detail changes made to the original REFoffSpec code during the period November 2009 and January 2011. At the time of the completion of this version of the code it was accessible from the sns_tools interface as a beta version.

  19. PROBING THE GASEOUS DISK OF T Tau N WITH CN 5-4 LINES

    SciTech Connect

    Podio, L.; Codella, C.; Kamp, I.; Meijerink, R.; Spaans, M.; Nisini, B.; Aresu, G.; Brittain, S.; Cabrit, S.; Dougados, C.; Thi, W.-F.; Sandell, G.; White, G. J.; Woitke, P.

    2014-03-10

    We present spectrally resolved observations of the young multiple system T Tau in atomic and molecular lines obtained with the Heterodyne Instrument for the Far Infrared on board Herschel. While CO, H{sub 2}O, [C II], and SO lines trace the envelope and the outflowing gas up to velocities of 33 km s{sup –1} with respect to systemic, the CN 5-4 hyperfine structure lines at 566.7, 566.9 GHz show a narrow double-peaked profile centered at systemic velocity, consistent with an origin in the outer region of the compact disk of T Tau N. Disk modeling of the T Tau N disk with the thermo-chemical code ProDiMo produces CN line fluxes and profiles consistent with the observed ones and constrain the size of the gaseous disk (R{sub out}=110{sub −20}{sup +10} AU) and its inclination (i = 25°± 5°). The model indicates that the CN lines originate in a disk upper layer at 40-110 AU from the star, which is irradiated by the stellar UV field and heated up to temperatures of 50-700 K. With respect to previously observed CN 2-1 millimeter lines, the CN 5-4 lines appear to be less affected by envelope emission, due to their larger critical density and excitation temperature. Hence, high-J CN lines are a unique confusion-free tracer of embedded disks, such as the disk of T Tau N.

  20. A 5.4 MDOT OLED microdisplay for digital night vision and image fusion

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Haas, Gunther; Espuno, Laurent; Marcellin-Dibon, Eric; Prat, Christophe; Gohri, Vipul

    2012-06-01

    We developed a 0.61'' diagonal OLED microdisplay dedicated to electronic viewfinders for digital vision systems, e.g. for security or other professional applications. The microdisplay has a very high resolution of 5.4 million subpixels and combines excellent image quality with low power consumption and a 10bit per color digital input. Subpixel pitch is 4.7x4.7μm². Thanks to the versatile architecture of the underlying ASIC circuit, the device can be easily adapted to different applications and image formats: In the standard full color version, the resulting resolution is 1300 by 1044 pixels (SXGA). In a monochrome version, the resolution is 2600 by 2088 independent pixels, enabling e.g. digital night vision at full 2K by 2K resolution. In addition to this, we developed two- and three color versions of the display that allow to merge high resolution monochrome images e.g.in 2K by 2K resolution with lower resolution images e.g., from an infrared sensor for image fusion or for adding colored graphical overlays.

  1. Resolution of 5.4 nm from a Photoemission Electron Microscope Corrected with an Electrostatic Mirror

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Word, R. C.; Rempfer, G. F.; Almaraz, L.; Dixon, T.; Konenkamp, R.

    2010-03-01

    We report resolution of 5.4 +/- 0.5 nm for a photoemission electron microscope (PEEM) that employs an electrostatic mirror that simultaneously corrects chromatic and spherical aberration. This is a marked improvement over the 8 to 10nm resolution obtained by uncorrected PEEMs, which suffer particularly from chromatic aberration resulting from the acceleration of low energy photoelectrons from the specimen surface. The resolution was obtained in a biological application using sarcoplasmic reticulum from skeletal muscle as a specimen. The sample was deposited on a low photoemission substrate of chromium-coated glass and illuminated with UV light from a 100-mW 244-nm Ar laser. Resolution was determined using the 0.1 to 0.9 contrast change in intensity line profiles as well as by a 2-dimensional Fast Fourier Transform method. The PEEM employs a Y-branched beam separator, three deflection magnets, and twelve electrostatic lenses all heavily filtered to suppress voltage instabilities. Spherical and chromatic aberration coefficients were determined by computer modeling and in-situ experiments to be 1 cm. Once the instrument is perfected, the resolution should be 2 nm.

  2. Electron collisions with Fe-peak elements: Forbidden transitions between the low lying valence states 3d{sup 6}, 3d{sup 5}4s, and 3d{sup 5}4p of Fe III

    SciTech Connect

    McLaughlin, B.M. . E-mail: b.mclaughlin@qub.ac.uk; Scott, M.P.; Sunderland, A.G.; Noble, C.J.; Burke, V.M.; Ramsbottom, C.A.; Reid, R.H.G.; Hibbert, A.; Bell, K.L.; Burke, P.G.

    2007-01-15

    Effective collision strengths are presented for the Fe-peak element Fe III at electron temperatures (T {sub e} in degrees Kelvin) in the range 2 x 10{sup 3} to 1 x 10{sup 6}. Forbidden transitions results are given between the 3d{sup 6}, 3d{sup 5}4s, and the 3d{sup 5}4p manifolds applicable to the modeling of laboratory and astrophysical plasmas.

  3. THE NATURE OF EXTREMELY RED H - [4.5] > 4 GALAXIES REVEALED WITH SEDS AND CANDELS

    SciTech Connect

    Caputi, K. I.; Dunlop, J. S.; McLure, R. J.; Cirasuolo, M.; Huang, J.-S.; Fazio, G. G.; Ashby, M. L. N.; Castellano, M.; Fontana, A.; Almaini, O.; Bell, E. F.; Dickinson, M.; Donley, J. L.; Ferguson, H. C.; Grogin, N. A.; Koekemoer, A. M.; Faber, S. M.; Kocevski, D. D.; Koo, D. C.; and others

    2012-05-01

    We have analyzed a sample of 25 extremely red H - [4.5] > 4 galaxies, selected using 4.5 {mu}m data from the Spitzer SEDS survey and deep H-band data from the Hubble Space Telescope CANDELS survey, over {approx}180 arcmin{sup 2} of the UKIDSS Ultra-Deep Survey field. Our aim is to investigate the nature of this rare population of mid-infrared (mid-IR) sources that display such extreme near-to-mid-IR colors. Using up to 17-band photometry (U through 8.0 {mu}m), we have studied in detail their spectral energy distributions, including possible degeneracies in the photometric redshift/internal extinction (z{sub phot}-A{sub V} ) plane. Our sample appears to include sources of very different nature. Between 45% and 75% of them are dust-obscured, massive galaxies at 3 < z{sub phot} < 5. All of the 24 {mu}m detected sources in our sample are in this category. Two of these have S(24 {mu}m)>300 {mu}Jy, which at 3 < z{sub phot} < 5 suggests that they probably host a dust-obscured active galactic nucleus. Our sample also contains four highly obscured (A{sub V} > 5) sources at z{sub phot} < 1. Finally, we analyze in detail two z{sub phot} {approx} 6 galaxy candidates, and discuss their plausibility and implications. Overall, our red galaxy sample contains the tip of the iceberg of a larger population of z > 3 galaxies to be discovered with the future James Webb Space Telescope.

  4. Structure, energetics, and bonding of novel potential high energy density materials Rh2(N5)4: A DFT study

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tang, Lihong; Bao, Shuangyou; Peng, Jinhui; Li, Kai; Ning, Ping; Guo, Huibin; Zhu, Tingting; Gu, Junjie; Li, Qianshu

    2015-10-01

    Theoretical studies examining a series of binuclear transition metal pentazolides Rh2(N5)4 predict paddle wheel type structures with very short metal-metal distances. Natural bonding orbital analysis indicated that the bonding between the metal atom and the five-membered ring is predominantly ionic for Rh2(N5)4 species, and a high-order metal-metal multiple bonding exists between the two metal atoms. In addition, the presence of the delocalized π orbital plays an important role in the stabilization of Rh2(N5)4. Nucleus independent chemical shift values confirm that the planar N5- exhibits aromaticity. The dissociation energies into mononuclear fragments are predicted for Rh2(N5)4.

  5. Crystal structure of 5-[(4-carb-oxy-benz-yl)-oxy]isophthalic acid.

    PubMed

    Faizi, Md Serajul Haque; Ahmad, Musheer; Ali, Akram; Potaskalov, Vadim A

    2016-08-01

    The mol-ecular shape of the title compound, C16H12O7, is bent around the central CH2-O bond. The two benzene rings are almost perpendicular to one another, making a dihedral angle of 87.78 (7)°. In the crystal, each mol-ecule is linked to three others by three pairs of O-H⋯O hydrogen bonds, forming undulating sheets parallel to the bc plane and enclosing R 2 (2)(8) ring motifs. The sheets are linked by C-H⋯O hydrogen bonds and C-H⋯π inter-actions, forming a three-dimensional network. PMID:27536418

  6. Clean photodecomposition of 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1H-tetrazole-5(4H)-thiones to carbodiimides proceeds via a biradical

    PubMed Central

    Alawode, Olajide E.; Robinson, Colette; Rayat, Sundeep

    2010-01-01

    The photochemistry of 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1H-tetrazole-5(4H)-thione (1a) and 1-(3-methoxyphenyl)-4-methyl-1H-tetrazole-5(4H)-thione (1b) was studied in acetonitrile at 254 and 300 nm which involves expulsion of dinitrogen and sulfur to form the respective carbodiimides 5a – b as sole photoproducts. Photolysis of the title compounds in the presence of 1,4-cyclohexadiene trap led to the formation of respective thioureas, providing strong evidence for the intermediacy of a 1,3-biradical formed by the loss of dinitrogen. In contrast, a trapping experiment with cyclohexene provided no evidence to support an alternative pathway of photodecomposition involving initial desulfurization followed by loss of dinitrogen via the intermediacy of a carbene. Triplet sensitization and triplet quenching studies argue against the involvement of a triplet excited state. While the quantum yields for the formation of the carbodiimides 5a – b were modest, and showed little change on going from a C6H5 (1a) to mOMeC6H4 (1b) substituent on the tetrazolethione ring, the highly clean photodecomposition of these compounds to a photostable end product makes them promising lead structures for industrial, agricultural and medicinal applications. PMID:21142194

  7. Poly[μ5-(4-meth­oxy­benzene­sulfonato)-sodium

    PubMed Central

    Chantrapromma, Suchada; Boonnak, Nawong; Fun, Hoong-Kun

    2013-01-01

    In the title complex, [Na(C7H7O4S)]n, the NaI ion is coord­inated in a slightly distorted penta­gonal-bipyramidal environment by seven O atoms [Na—O = 2.3198 (16)–2.5585 (17) Å]. The 4-methoxybenzenesulfonate anions act as bis-chelating and bridging ligands, forming a two-dimensional polymer parallel to (001), which is further linked into a three-dimensional network by weak C—H⋯O hydrogen bonds. PMID:24098184

  8. 4-[5-(4-Formyl­phen­oxy)pent­oxy]benzaldehyde

    PubMed Central

    Balić, Tomislav; Marković, Berislav; Balić, Ivana

    2012-01-01

    In the title compound, C20H19O4, the benzene rings, linked via five methyl­ene C atoms, form a dihedral angle of 77.28 (6)°. In the crystal, mol­ecules are linked via pairs of weak C—H⋯O inter­actions [graph set R 2 2(6)] into dimers that are further connected by additional weak C—H⋯O interactions [graph sets R 2 2(14), R 2 2(26) and R 2 2(6)]. PMID:22969559

  9. Synthesis of Substituted 2,3,5,6-tetraarylbenzo(1,2-b:5,4-b')difurans

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Abdul-Aziz, Mahmoud; Auping, Judith V.; Meador, Michael A.

    1995-01-01

    A series of substituted 2,3,5,6-tetraarylbenzo(l,2-b:5,4-b')difurans 1 was synthesized. This synthesis is based upon the photocyclization of 2,5-dibenzoylresorcinol dibenzyl ethers to the corresponding tetrahydrobenzo(1,2-b:5,4-b')difurans. Treatment of the photoproducts with methanesulfonyl chloride in pyridine afforded 1 in overall yields ranging from 30-72%. A number of these compounds have high fluorescence quantum yields (of phi(sub f) = 0.76-0.90), and their fluorescence spectra exhibit large solvatochromic shifts. These compounds may be suitable for use as fluorescent probes.

  10. Synthesis of a Biologically Active Oxazol-5-(4H)-One via an Erlenmeyer-Plo¨chl Reaction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rodrigues, Catarina A. B.; Martinho, Jose´ M. G.; Afonso, Carlos A. M.

    2015-01-01

    The synthesis of (Z)-4-(4-nitrobenzylidene)-2- phenyloxazol-5(4"H")-one, which is a potent immunomodulator and tyrosinase inhibitor, is described as an experiment for an upper-division undergraduate organic chemistry laboratory course. This compound is produced via an Erlenmeyer-Plo¨chl reaction in the absence of any additional solvents…

  11. Comparing the CarbonTracker and M5-4DVar data assimilation systems for CO2 surface flux inversions

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Babenhauserheide, A.; Basu, S.; Houweling, S.; Peters, W.; Butz, A.

    2015-09-01

    Data assimilation systems allow for estimating surface fluxes of greenhouse gases from atmospheric concentration measurements. Good knowledge about fluxes is essential to understand how climate change affects ecosystems and to characterize feedback mechanisms. Based on the assimilation of more than 1 year of atmospheric in situ concentration measurements, we compare the performance of two established data assimilation models, CarbonTracker and TM5-4DVar (Transport Model 5 - Four-Dimensional Variational model), for CO2 flux estimation. CarbonTracker uses an ensemble Kalman filter method to optimize fluxes on ecoregions. TM5-4DVar employs a 4-D variational method and optimizes fluxes on a 6° × 4° longitude-latitude grid. Harmonizing the input data allows for analyzing the strengths and weaknesses of the two approaches by direct comparison of the modeled concentrations and the estimated fluxes. We further assess the sensitivity of the two approaches to the density of observations and operational parameters such as the length of the assimilation time window. Our results show that both models provide optimized CO2 concentration fields of similar quality. In Antarctica CarbonTracker underestimates the wintertime CO2 concentrations, since its 5-week assimilation window does not allow for adjusting the distant surface fluxes in response to the detected concentration mismatch. Flux estimates by CarbonTracker and TM5-4DVar are consistent and robust for regions with good observation coverage, regions with low observation coverage reveal significant differences. In South America, the fluxes estimated by TM5-4DVar suffer from limited representativeness of the few observations. For the North American continent, mimicking the historical increase of the measurement network density shows improving agreement between CarbonTracker and TM5-4DVar flux estimates for increasing observation density.

  12. The Duck Redux: An Improved Proper-Motion Upper Limit for the Pulsar B1757-24 near the Supernova Remnant G5.4-1.2

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Blazek, J. A.; Gaensler, B. M.; Chatterjee, S.; van der Swaluw, E.; Camilo, F.; Stappers, B. W.

    2006-12-01

    ``The Duck'' is a complicated nonthermal radio system, consisting of the energetic radio pulsar B1757-24, its surrounding pulsar wind nebula G5.27-0.90, and the adjacent supernova remnant (SNR) G5.4-1.2. PSR B1757-24 was originally claimed to be a young (~15,000 yr) and extreme-velocity (>~1500 km s-1) pulsar, which had penetrated and emerged from the shell of the associated SNR G5.4-1.2 but recent upper limits on the pulsar's motion have raised serious difficulties with this interpretation. We here present 8.5 GHz interferometric observations of the nebula G5.27-0.90 over a 12 yr baseline, doubling the time span of previous measurements. These data correspondingly allow us to halve the previous upper limit on the nebula's westward motion to 14 mas yr-1 (5 σ), allowing a substantive reevaluation of this puzzling object. We rule out the possibility that the pulsar and SNR were formed from a common supernova explosion ~15,000 yr ago, as implied by the pulsar's characteristic age, but conclude that an old (>~70,000 yr) pulsar/SNR association, or a situation in which the pulsar and SNR are physically unrelated, are both still viable explanations.

  13. Similar molecular constitutions but different conformations and different supramolecular assemblies in two related fused tetracyclic benzo[b]pyrimido[5,4-f]azepine derivatives.

    PubMed

    Acosta Quintero, Lina M; Burgos, Isidro; Palma, Alirio; Cobo, Justo; Glidewell, Christopher

    2016-01-01

    A simple and effective two-step approach to tricyclic pyrimidine-fused benzazepines has been adapted to give the tetracyclic analogues. In (RS)-8-chloro-6-methyl-1,2,6,7-tetrahydropyrimido[5',4':6,7]azepino[3,2,1-hi]indole, C15H14ClN3, (I), the five-membered ring adopts an envelope conformation, as does the reduced pyridine ring in (RS)-9-chloro-7-methyl-2,3,7,8-tetrahydro-1H-pyrimido[5',4':6,7]azepino[3,2,1-ij]quinoline, C16H16ClN3, (II). However, the seven-membered rings in (I) and (II) adopt very different conformations, with the result that the methyl substituent occupies a quasi-axial site in (I) but a quasi-equatorial site in (II). The molecules of (I) are linked by C-H...N hydrogen bonds to form C(5) chains and inversion-related pairs of chains are linked by a π-π stacking interaction. A combination of a C-H...π hydrogen bond and two C-Cl...π interactions links the molecules of (II) into complex sheets. Comparisons are made with some similar fused heterocyclic compounds. PMID:26742827

  14. Fluorescence quenching study of 2,6-bis(5-(4-methylphenyl)-1-H-pyrazol-3-yl)pyridine with metal ions

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Liu, Hua; Li, Fang-Xiong; Pi, Yan; Wang, Dun-Jia; Hu, Yan-Jun; Zheng, Jing

    2015-06-01

    A novel bispyrazole derivative 2,6-bis(5-(4-methylphenyl)-1-H-pyrazol-3-yl)pyridine was synthesized and its structure was confirmed by 1H NMR, FTIR, MS techniques and elemental analysis. The binding interactions of BMPP with Cd2+, Co2+, Pb2+ and Cu2+ ions were investigated in MeOH-H2O solution by fluorescence quenching technique at two temperatures (25 and 35 °C). Their quenching constants KSV, binding constants K, binding sites n and thermodynamic parameters (ΔH, ΔG and ΔS) were determined. The results indicated that the metal ions quenched the intrinsic fluorescence of the bispyrazole by forming the bispyrazole-metal complexes and their quenching process was a static quenching mechanism. In addition, the process of interaction was spontaneous and mainly ΔS-driven.

  15. Crystal structure of ( Z)-3-methyl-4-((naphth-1-ylamino)methylidene)-1-phenyl-1H-pyrazol-5(4H)-one

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sharma, N.; Parihar, S.; Jadeja, R. N.; Kant, R.; Gupta, V. K.

    2015-12-01

    The new pyrazolone derivative, ( Z)-3-methyl-4-((naphthalen-1-ylamino)methylidene)-1-phenyl-1H-pyrazol-5(4H)-one, C21H17N3O, is synthesized, and its crystal structure is determined by X-ray structure analysis. The crystals are orthorhombic, sp. gr. P212121, a = 6.5683(7), b = 12.7384(15), c = 20.198(3) Å, Z = 4, R = 0.0564 for 983 observed reflections. In crystal, the molecule exists in amine-one tautomeric form. The crystal structure is stabilized by N-H···O and C-H···O hydrogen bonds. In addition, C-H···π and π-π-interactions are observed.

  16. Frequency dependence of the maximum operating temperature for quantum-cascade lasers up to 5.4 THz

    SciTech Connect

    Wienold, M.; Röben, B.; Lü, X.; Rozas, G.; Schrottke, L.; Biermann, K.; Grahn, H. T.

    2015-11-16

    We report on the observation of an approximately linear reduction in the maximum operating temperature with an increasing emission frequency for terahertz quantum-cascade lasers between 4.2 and 5.4 THz. These lasers are based on the same design type, but vary in period length and barrier height for the cascade structure. The sample emitting at the highest frequency around 5.4 THz can be operated in pulsed mode up to 56 K. We identify an additional relaxation channel for electrons by longitudinal optical phonon scattering from the upper to the lower laser level and increasing optical losses toward higher frequencies as major processes, leading to the observed temperature behavior.

  17. Near-achromatic retardance behavior of HN22 Polaroid 3.6 to 5.4 um

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lompado, Arthur; Sornsin, Elizabeth A.; Chipman, Russell A.

    1997-10-01

    Polaroid HN22, a popular sheet polarizer, has been measured to be a nearly half wave retarder in the 3.6 to 5.4 micrometers spectral band with a transmittance of approximately 20 percent. The exact retardance value may be tuned to the range of 60 degrees - 260 degrees by tilting the HN22 with respect to the incident beam. The material's polarizing effects have been shown to be minimal in this waveband. Its availability, relatively large available aperture, large filed of view, and low cost make HN22 an excellent candidate for use as an IR retarder for systems operating from 3.6 to 5.4 micrometers . As such, HN22 may be used for rotating the plane of polarization of an incident linearly polarized beam as well as to convert between circular polarization states.

  18. Ti(N5)4 as a Potential Nitrogen-Rich Stable High-Energy Density Material.

    PubMed

    Choi, Changhyeok; Yoo, Hae-Wook; Goh, Eun Mee; Cho, Soo Gyeong; Jung, Yousung

    2016-06-23

    We have studied molecular structures and kinetic stabilities of M(N5)3 (M = Sc, Y) and M(N5)4 (M = Ti, Zr, Hf) complexes theoretically. All of these compounds are found to be stable with more than a 13 kcal/mol of kinetic barrier. In particular, Ti(N5)4 showed the largest dissociation energy of 173.0 kcal/mol and thermodynamic stability. This complex had a high nitrogen content (85% by weight), and a significantly high nitrogen to metal ratio (20:1) among the neutral M(N5)n species studied here and in the literature. Ti(N5)4 is thus forecasted to be a good candidate for a nitrogen-rich high-energy density material (HEDM). We reveal in further detail using ab initio molecular dynamics simulations that the dissociation pathways of M(N5)n involve the rearrangements of the bonding configurations before dissociation. PMID:27266258

  19. Form classification

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Reddy, K. V. Umamaheswara; Govindaraju, Venu

    2008-01-01

    The problem of form classification is to assign a single-page form image to one of a set of predefined form types or classes. We classify the form images using low level pixel density information from the binary images of the documents. In this paper, we solve the form classification problem with a classifier based on the k-means algorithm, supported by adaptive boosting. Our classification method is tested on the NIST scanned tax forms data bases (special forms databases 2 and 6) which include machine-typed and handwritten documents. Our method improves the performance over published results on the same databases, while still using a simple set of image features.

  20. Docking studies and the crystal structure of two tetrazole derivatives: 5-(4-chlorophenyl)-1-{4-(methylsulfonyl)phenyl}-1H-tetrazole and 4-{5-(4-methoxyphenyl)-1H-tetrazol-1-yl}benzenesulfonamide

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Jawabrah Al-Hourani, Baker; El-Barghouthi, Musa I.; Mcdonald, Robert; Al-Awaida, Wajdy; Wuest, Frank

    2015-12-01

    The structures of 5-(4-chlorophenyl)-1-{4-(methylsulfonyl)phenyl}-1H-tetrazole (3) and 4-{5-(4-methoxyphenyl)-1H-tetrazol-1-yl}benzenesulfonamide (5) have been determined by X-ray crystallography. Tetrazoles 3 and 5 crystallize in the monoclinic space groups Ia and P21/c, respectively. The cell dimensions of azole 3 are a = 11.0413 (5) Å, b = 11.8428 (5) Å, c = 12.2483 (5) Å3, β = 111.7129 (4)°, V = 1487.95 (11) Å3, and Z = 4. Its structure was refined to R1 = 0.0254 (for 3429 observed reflections [I ≥ 2σ(I)]) and wR2 = 0.0651 (for all 3300 unique reflections). The cell dimensions of azole 5 are a = 17.112 (3) Å, b = 6.5904 (10) Å, c = 12.935 (2) Å3, β = 93.1981 (19)°, V = 1456.5 (4) Å3, and Z = 4. Its structure was refined to R1 = 0.0336 (for 3010 observed reflections [I ≥ 2σ(I)]) and wR2 = 0.0875 (for all 2463 unique reflections). The tetrazole rings are essentially planar, while the aryl rings at the 1- and 5-positions of each compound show no conjugation to the tetrazole groups. Compound 5 exhibits a network of intermolecular hydrogen bonds generated by interactions between adjacent sulfonamide groups. The molecular docking studies were carried out to understand the orientation and the interaction of each molecule inside the active site of the cyclooxygenase-2 enzyme, followed by comparison with the bioassay studies as COX-2 inhibitors.

  1. 0.5-4 Å X-RAY BRIGHTENINGS IN THE MAGNETOSPHERE OBSERVED BY THE GEOSTATIONARY OPERATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL SATELLITES

    SciTech Connect

    Yamamoto, Tetsuya T.; Miyoshi, Y.

    2013-10-01

    We found 217 X-ray brightening events in Earth's magnetosphere. These events occur in the high-energy band (0.5-4 Å) of the Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite (GOES) X-ray light curves, although GOES X-ray light curves are frequently used as indices of solar flare magnitudes. We found that (1) brightening events are absent in the low-energy band (1-8 Å), unlike those associated with solar flares; and (2) the peak fluxes, durations, and onset times of these events depend on the magnetic local time (MLT). The events were detected in 2006, 2010, and 2011 at around 19-10 MLT, that is, from night to morning. They typically lasted for 2-3 hr. Their peak fluxes are less than 3 × 10{sup –8} W m{sup –2} in the 0.5-4 Å band and are maximized around 0-5 MLT. From these MLT dependencies, we constructed an MLT time profile of X-ray brightening events. Because 0.5-4 and 1-8 Å fluxes were observed and had the same order of magnitude when GOES 14 passed through Earth's shadow, we expected that X-ray brightening events in the 1-8 Å band are obscured by high-background X-ray fluxes coming from the Sun. We also found coincidence between X-ray brightening events and aurora substorms. In the majority of our events, the minimum geomagnetic field values (AL index) are below –400 nT. From these results and consideration of the GOES satellite orbit, we expect that these X-ray brightening events occur in the magnetosphere. We cannot, however, clarify the radiative process of the observed X-ray brightening events.

  2. Permission Forms

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zirkel, Perry A.

    2005-01-01

    The prevailing practice in public schools is to routinely require permission or release forms for field trips and other activities that pose potential for liability. The legal status of such forms varies, but they are generally considered to be neither rock-solid protection nor legally valueless in terms of immunity. The following case and the…

  3. A brief review of the reflood closure package optimization efforts performed within TRAC 5.4.25R10

    SciTech Connect

    Pimentel, D.A.; Nelson, R.A.

    1997-10-01

    This report summarizes the implementation of tools within Version 5.4.25R10 of the Transient Reactor Analysis Code (TRAC); this implementation allows the semiautomated optimization of the reflood constitutive package. The tools included a software package external to TRAC that used a line search method to minimize a generic function value given the function`s partial derivative vector with respect to a set of closure coefficients used within TRAC`s reflood model. Within TRAC, the generic function was a normalized penalty function dependent on time averaged calculated values of vapor temperature, vapor void fraction, wall to a fluid heat transfer rate (or wall temperature), and the respective steady state data. The penalty function was implemented only for a one dimensional vessel configuration because the available reflood data were taken primarily from postcritical heat flux tube experiments.

  4. Demonstrated 3600 s Integrator Operation with 5.4 μV-s Drift Error for ITER Long Pulse Applications

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Miller, Kenneth; Ziemba, Timothy; Prager, James; Slobodov, Ilia

    2013-10-01

    Eagle Harbor Technologies has developed a high gain and frequency ultra-stable integrator for small scale concept experiments and long pulse ITER applications. The integrator has a 10 μs RC time with a frequency response greater than 10 MHz. The device has been operated for the 3600 s with a drift error less than 5.4 μV-s, which exceeds the ITER specification. Longer period operation has also been demonstrated (72 hours). Additionally, this integrator has an extremely large dynamic range thereby increasing the effective bit depth of a digitizer. These integrators allow for both the fast and slow magnetic/plasma dynamics to be resolved with a single diagnostic. Software has been written for fast, real-time data acquisition and processing using a field programmable gate array (FPGA). This work is supported by the DOE SBIR/STTR Program.

  5. 41 CFR 304-5.4 - May we authorize an employee to exceed the maximum subsistence allowances (per diem or actual...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 4 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false May we authorize an employee to exceed the maximum subsistence allowances (per diem or actual expense) prescribed in applicable travel regulations where we have authorized acceptance of payment from a non-Federal source for such allowances? 304-5.4 Section 304-5.4...

  6. Ba2AsGaSe5: A New Quaternary Selenide with the Novel [AsGaSe5](4-) Cluster and Interesting Photocatalytic Properties.

    PubMed

    Li, Chao; Li, Xiaoshuang; Huang, Hongwei; Yao, Jiyong; Wu, Yicheng

    2015-10-19

    The new zero-dimensional selenide Ba2AsGaSe5 was synthesized via a solid-state reaction at 900 °C. It belongs to the orthorhombic space group Pnma with a = 12.632(3) Å, b = 8.9726(18) Å, c = 9.2029(18) Å, and Z = 4. In the structure, the As atom adopts trigonal-pyramidal coordination owing to the stereochemically active 4s(2) lone pair electrons and the Ga atom is tetrahedrally coordinated with four Se atoms. The AsSe3 trigonal pyramids share edges with GaSe4 tetrahedra to form novel [AsGaSe5](4-) clusters, which are further separated from each other by Ba(2+) cations. The optical band gap was determined as 1.39 eV according to UV-vis-NIR diffuse reflectance spectroscopy. Interestingly, the photocatalytic behavior investigated by decomposing rhodamine B indicates that the compound displays a 6.5 times higher photocatalytic activity than does P25. PMID:26418301

  7. Fourier transform and Vernier spectroscopy using an optical frequency comb at 3-5.4  μm.

    PubMed

    Khodabakhsh, Amir; Ramaiah-Badarla, Venkata; Rutkowski, Lucile; Johansson, Alexandra C; Lee, Kevin F; Jiang, Jie; Mohr, Christian; Fermann, Martin E; Foltynowicz, Aleksandra

    2016-06-01

    We present a versatile mid-infrared frequency comb spectroscopy system based on a doubly resonant optical parametric oscillator tunable in the 3-5.4 μm range and two detection methods: a Fourier transform spectrometer (FTS) and a continuous-filtering Vernier spectrometer (CF-VS). Using the FTS with a multipass cell, we measure high precision broadband absorption spectra of CH4 at 3.3 μm and NO at 5.25 μm, the latter for the first time with comb spectroscopy, and we detect atmospheric species (CH4, CO, CO2, and H2O) in air in the signal and idler ranges. Multiline fitting yields minimum detectable concentrations of 10-20  ppb Hz-1/2 for CH4, NO, and CO. For the first time in the mid-infrared, we perform CF-VS using an enhancement cavity, a grating, and a single detector, and we measure the absorption spectrum of CH4 and H2O in ambient air at ∼3.3  μm, reaching a 40 ppb concentration detection limit for CH4 in 2 ms. PMID:27244409

  8. Thermal emission spectra of Mars (5.4-10.5 microns) - Evidence for sulfates, carbonates, and hydrates

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Pollack, James B.; Roush, Ted; Witteborn, Fred; Bregman, Jesse; Wooden, Diane; Stoker, Carol; Toon, Owen B.

    1990-01-01

    Spectra of the Martian thermal emission in the 5.4-10.5 micron region are reported. Emission features at 7.8 and 9.7 microns are attributed to surface silicates, and an emission feature at 6.1 micron is attributed to a molecular water component of the surface material. An absorption band at 8.7 micron and a possible one at 9.8 microns is attributed to sulfate or bisulfate anions probably located at a distorted crystalline site, and an absorption band at 6.7 microns is attributed to carbonate or bicarbonate anions located in a distorted crystalline site. Spectral simulations indicate that the sulfate- and carbonate-bearing minerals are contained in the same particles of airborne dust as the dominant silicate minerals, that the dust optical depth is about 0.6 at a reference wavelength of 0.3 micron over the area of the observed spots, and that sulfates and carbonates constitute 10-15 percent and 1-3 percent by volume of the airborne dust, respectively.

  9. Fluorescent labeling of cranberry proanthocyanidins with 5-([4,6-dichlorotriazin-2-yl]amino)fluorescein (DTAF).

    PubMed

    Feliciano, Rodrigo P; Heintz, Joseph A; Krueger, Christian G; Vestling, Martha M; Reed, Jess D

    2015-01-01

    A novel methodology was developed to elucidate proanthocyanidins (PAC) interaction with extra-intestinal pathogenic Escherichia coli (ExPEC). PAC inhibit ExPEC invasion of epithelial cells and, therefore, may prevent transient gut colonization, conferring protection against subsequent extra-intestinal infections, such as urinary tract infections. Until now PAC have not been chemically labeled with fluorophores. In this work, cranberry PAC were labeled with 5-([4,6-dichlorotriazin-2-yl]amino) fluorescein (DTAF), detected by high-performance liquid chromatography with diode-array detection and characterized by matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF-MS). We report single and double fluorescent-labeled PAC with one or two chlorine atoms displaced from DTAF in alkaline pH via nucleophilic substitution. Fluorescent labeling was confirmed by fragmentation experiments using MALDI-TOF/TOF MS. Fluorescent labeled PAC were able to promote ExPEC agglutination when observed with fluorescence microscopy. DTAF tagged PAC may be used to trace the fate of PAC after they agglutinate ExPEC and follow PAC-ExPEC complexes in cell culture assays. PMID:25053065

  10. Greener Selective Cycloalkane Oxidations with Hydrogen Peroxide Catalyzed by Copper-5-(4-pyridyl)tetrazolate Metal-Organic Frameworks.

    PubMed

    Martins, Luísa; Nasani, Rajendar; Saha, Manideepa; Mobin, Shaikh; Mukhopadhyay, Suman; Pombeiro, Armando

    2015-01-01

    Microwave assisted synthesis of the Cu(I) compound [Cu(µ₄-4-ptz)]n [1, 4-ptz=5-(4-pyridyl)tetrazolate] has been performed by employing a relatively easy method and within a shorter period of time compared to its sister compounds. The syntheses of the Cu(II) compounds [Cu₃(µ₃-4-ptz)₄(µ₂-N₃)₂(DMF)₂]n∙(DMF)2n (2) and [Cu(µ₂-4-ptz)₂(H₂O)₂]n (3) using a similar method were reported previously by us. MOFs 1-3 revealed high catalytic activity toward oxidation of cyclic alkanes (cyclopentane, -hexane and -octane) with aqueous hydrogen peroxide, under very mild conditions (at room temperature), without any added solvent or additive. The most efficient system (2/H₂O₂) showed, for the oxidation of cyclohexane, a turnover number (TON) of 396 (TOF of 40 h(-1)), with an overall product yield (cyclohexanol and cyclohexanone) of 40% relative to the substrate. Moreover, the heterogeneous catalytic systems 1-3 allowed an easy catalyst recovery and reuse, at least for four consecutive cycles, maintaining ca. 90% of the initial high activity and concomitant high selectivity. PMID:26506333

  11. Architecture overview and data summary of a 5.4 km free-space laser communication experiment

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Moores, John D.; Walther, Frederick G.; Greco, Joseph A.; Michael, Steven; Wilcox, William E., Jr.; Volpicelli, Alicia M.; Magliocco, Richard J.; Henion, Scott R.

    2009-08-01

    MIT Lincoln Laboratory designed and built two free-space laser communications terminals, and successfully demonstrated error-free communication between two ground sites separated by 5.4 km in September, 2008. The primary goal of this work was to emulate a low elevation angle air-to-ground link capable of supporting standard OTU1 (2.667 Gb/s) data formatting with standard client interfaces. Mitigation of turbulence-induced scintillation effects was accomplished through the use of multiple small-aperture receivers and novel encoding and interleaver hardware. Data from both the field and laboratory experiments were used to assess link performance as a function of system parameters such as transmitted power, degree of spatial diversity, and interleaver span, with and without forward error correction. This work was sponsored by the Department of Defense, RRCO DDR&E, under Air Force Contract FA8721-05-C-0002. Opinions, interpretations, conclusions and recommendations are those of the authors and are not necessarily endorsed by the United States Government.

  12. Conformational search, spectral analysis and electronic properties of 5-(4-Pyridinyl)-1,3,4-thiadiazol-2-amine

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Shukla, Vikas K.; Al-Alshaikh, Monirah A.; El-Emam, Ali A.; Sachan, Alok K.; Srivastava, Ruchi; Prasad, Onkar; Sinha, Leena

    2016-03-01

    Comprehensive investigation of molecular geometry and electronic structure of 5-(4-Pyridinyl)-1,3,4-thiadiazol-2-amine in ground as well as in the first excited state has been carried out. The stable conformers of the title compound have been determined from the 3D potential energy scan by varying selected dihedral angles, responsible for conformational flexibility. As the energy difference between the conformers was very small, the relative stability has been confirmed at potentially high-level G2MP2 method. The most stable structure was optimized with B3LYP and M06-2X functional using polarized triple-zeta 6-311++G(d,p), to obtain the ground state structure and calculation of vibrational wavenumbers. Experimental FT-IR and FT-Raman spectra were compared with theoretical spectral data. Dipole moment, polarizability, first static hyperpolarizability and molecular electrostatic potential surface map have been calculated to get a better insight of the properties of title molecule. Frequency-dependent first hyperpolarizability β(-2ω;ω,ω) has also been evaluated to gauge the non-linear optical behavior of the title compound. Natural bond orbital (NBO) analysis has been done to study the stability of the compound arising from charge delocalization. UV-Vis spectrum, possible solvent-solute interaction and electronic properties such as frontier orbitals, band gap energies have been calculated by TD-DFT approach. 1H nuclear magnetic resonance chemical shifts of the title compound were calculated using the Gauge-Including Atomic Orbital (GIAO) method and compared with experimental data.

  13. Geodetically inferred coseismic and postseismic slip due to the M 5.4 31 October 2007 Alum Rock earthquake

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Murray-Moraleda, J. R.; Simpson, R.W.

    2009-01-01

    On 31 October 2007 the M 5.4 Alum Rock earthquake occurred near the junction between the Hayward and Calaveras faults in the San Francisco Bay Area, producing coseismic and postseismic displacements recorded by 10 continuously operating Global Positioning System (GPS) instruments. The cumulative postseismic displacements over the four months following the earthquake are linearly related to the cumulative number of aftershocks and are comparable in magnitude to the coseis mic displacements. The postseismic signal suggests that, in addition to afterslip at seismogenic depths, localized right-lateral/reverse slip occurred on dipping shallow fault surfaces southwest of the Calaveras. The spatial distribution of slip inferred by inverting the GPS data is compatible with a model in which moderate Calaveras fault earthquakes rupture locked patches surrounded by areas of creep, afterslip, and microseismicity (Oppenheimer et al., 1990). If this model and existing Calaveras fault slip rate estimates are correct, a slip deficit remains on the 2007 Alum Rock rupture patch that may be made up by aseismic slip or slip in larger earthquakes. Recent studies (e.g., Manaker et al., 2005) suggest that at depth the Hayward and central Calaveras faults connect via a simple continuous surface illuminated by the Mission Seismic Trend (MST), implying that a damaging earthquake rupture could involve both faults (Graymer et al., 2008). If this geometry is correct, the combined coseismic and postseismic slip we infer for the 2007 Alum Rock event predicts static Coulomb stress increases of ???0:6 bar on the MST surface and on the northern Calaveras fault ???5 km northwest of the Alum Rock hypocenter.

  14. [1H-1,2,4-Triazole-5(4H)-thione-κS]bis­(tri­phenyl­phosphane-κP)(nitrato-κO)silver(I) methanol monosolvate

    PubMed Central

    Wattanakanjana, Yupa; Palamae, Sureeporn; Ratthiwan, Jenejira; Nimthong, Ruthairat

    2014-01-01

    In the title complex, [Ag(NO3)(C2H3N3S)(C18H15P)2]·CH3OH, the AgI ion exhibits a distorted tetra­hedral coordination geometry formed by two P atoms from two tri­phenyl­phosphine ligands, one S atom from a 1H-1,2,4-triazole-5(4H)-thione ligand and one O atom from a nitrate ion. In the crystal, complex and solvent mol­ecules are linked by O—H⋯O and N—H⋯O hydrogen bonds forming a chain along the b-axis direction. The chains are linked by weak C—H⋯O hydrogen bonds forming a two-dimensional supra­molecular architecture parallel to (001). In addition, an intra­molecular N—H⋯O hydrogen bond is observed. PMID:24764826

  15. Tidal Forms

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bolla Pittaluga, M.; Seminara, G.; Tambroni, N.

    2003-04-01

    We give an overview of some recent investigations on the mechanics of the processes whereby forms develop in tidal environments. The viewpoint taken here is mechanistic. Some of the questions which deserve an answer may be summarised as follows: i) do tidal channels tend to some altimetric long term equilibrium? ii) why are they typically convergent and weakly meandering? iii) how is such equilibrium affected by the hydrodynamics and morphodynamics of tidal inlets? iv) what is the hydrodynamic and morphodynamic role played by tidal flats adjacent to the channels? Some of the above questions have received a considerable attention in the last few years. Schuttelaars and de Swart (1996), Lanzoni and Seminara (2002) and, more recently, Bolla Pittaluga (2003) have investigated the first problem. In particular, the latter two contributions have shown that a straight tidal channel connected to a tidal sea at one end and closed at the other end tends to reach a long term equilibrium profile, which is slightly concave seaward and convex landward where a beach forms. The equilibrium profile is strongly sensitive to the harmonic content of the tidal forcing as well as to the value of sediment concentration established by the coastal hydrodynamics in the far field of the inlet region. Less important are the effect of channel convergence and the role of settling lag in the transport of suspended load. Insufficient attention has been devoted to the understanding of what mechanisms control channel convergence and meandering, though some similarities and differences between tidal and fluvial channels have emerged from some recent works. In particular, free bars form in tidal channels due to an instability mechanism essentially similar to that occurring under steady conditions though the oscillatory character of the flow field makes the bar pattern non migrating (Seminara and Tubino, 2001). Similarly, forced bars in curved tidal channels are driven by the development of

  16. Evaluation of North Eurasian snow-off dates in the ECHAM5.4 atmospheric general circulation model

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Räisänen, P.; Luomaranta, A.; Järvinen, H.; Takala, M.; Jylhä, K.; Bulygina, O. N.; Luojus, K.; Riihelä, A.; Laaksonen, A.; Koskinen, J.; Pulliainen, J.

    2014-12-01

    The timing of springtime end of snowmelt (snow-off date) in northern Eurasia in version 5.4 of the ECHAM5 atmospheric general circulation model (GCM) is evaluated through comparison with a snow-off date data set based on space-borne microwave radiometer measurements and with Russian snow course data. ECHAM5 reproduces well the observed gross geographical pattern of snow-off dates, with earliest snow-off (in March) in the Baltic region and latest snow-off (in June) in the Taymyr Peninsula and in northeastern parts of the Russian Far East. The primary biases are (1) a delayed snow-off in southeastern Siberia (associated with too low springtime temperature and too high surface albedo, in part due to insufficient shielding by canopy); and (2) an early bias in the western and northern parts of northern Eurasia. Several sensitivity experiments were conducted, where biases in simulated atmospheric circulation were corrected through nudging and/or the treatment of surface albedo was modified. While this alleviated some of the model biases in snow-off dates, 2 m temperature and surface albedo, especially the early bias in snow-off in the western parts of northern Eurasia proved very robust and was actually larger in the nudged runs. A key issue underlying the snow-off biases in ECHAM5 is that snowmelt occurs at too low temperatures. Very likely, this is related to the treatment of the surface energy budget. On one hand, the surface temperature Ts is not computed separately for the snow-covered and snow-free parts of the grid cells, which prevents Ts from rising above 0 °C before all snow has vanished. Consequently, too much of the surface net radiation is consumed in melting snow and too little in heating the air. On the other hand, ECHAM5 does not include a canopy layer. Thus, while the albedo reduction due to canopy is accounted for, the shielding of snow on ground by the overlying canopy is not considered, which leaves too much solar radiation available for melting snow.

  17. Crystal structure of 5-[(4-carb­oxy­benz­yl)­oxy]isophthalic acid

    PubMed Central

    Faizi, Md. Serajul Haque; Ahmad, Musheer; Ali, Akram; Potaskalov, Vadim A.

    2016-01-01

    The mol­ecular shape of the title compound, C16H12O7, is bent around the central CH2—O bond. The two benzene rings are almost perpendicular to one another, making a dihedral angle of 87.78 (7)°. In the crystal, each mol­ecule is linked to three others by three pairs of O—H⋯O hydrogen bonds, forming undulating sheets parallel to the bc plane and enclosing R 2 2(8) ring motifs. The sheets are linked by C—H⋯O hydrogen bonds and C—H⋯π inter­actions, forming a three-dimensional network. PMID:27536418

  18. 5-(4-Methyl­phen­yl)-3-phenyl­cyclo­hex-2-en-1-one

    PubMed Central

    Mohamed, Shaaban K.; Akkurt, Mehmet; Abdelhamid, Antar A; Singh, Kuldip; Allah, Omyma A. A. Abd

    2012-01-01

    In the title compound, C19H18O, the cyclo­hexene ring has an envelope conformation with the methine C atom on the flap. The phenyl and methyl­phenyl rings form a dihedral angle of 85.93 (11)°. The crystal packing is consolidated by van der Waals forces and weak C—H⋯π inter­actions. PMID:22798829

  19. VizieR Online Data Catalog: TW Hya CO (2-1), CN (2-1) and CS (5-4) data cubes (Teague+, 2016)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Teague, R.; Guilloteau, S.; Semenov, D.; Henning, T.; Dutrey, A.; Pietu, V.; Birnstiel, T.; Chapillon, E.; Hollenbach, D.; Gorti, U.

    2016-07-01

    The observations were performed using ALMA on May 13, 2015 under excellent weather conditions (Cycle 2, 2013.1.00387.S). The receivers were tuned to cover CO J=(2-1), CS J=(5-4) and all strong hyperfine components of CN N=(2-1) simultaneously. The correlator was configured to deliver very high spectral resolution, with a channel spacing of 15kHz (and an effective velocity resolution of 40m/s) for the CO J=(2-1) and CS J=(5-4) lines, and 30kHz (80m/s) for the CN N=(2-1) transition. (2 data files).

  20. [Influence of metal ions on stability of 2,3,5,4'-tetrahydroxy stilbene-2-O-β-D-glucoside contained in Polygoni Multiflori Radix].

    PubMed

    Li, Rui-yu; Feng, Wu-wen; Li, Xiao-fei; Zhang, Ding-kun; Li, Chun-yu; Meng, Ya-kun; Bai, Zhao-fang; Song, Hai-bo; Du, Xiao-xi; Xia, Hou-lin; Wang, Jia-bo; Xiao, Xiao-he

    2016-01-01

    Decoction is one of the most commonly used dosage forms of traditional Chinese medicine. The stability of chemical constituents in decoction is closely related to the clinical efficacy and safety. There were few reports about the influence of metal ions in the stability of chemical constituents in traditional Chinese medicine. However, there is no evidence that metal ions in decoction water need to be controlled. In this study, 2,3,5,4'-tetrahydroxy stilbene-2-O-β-D-glucoside (THSG), one of the main constituents in Polygoni Multiflori Radix was studied. Ordinary tap water, deionized water, and water containing different metal ions were used to investigate and compare the influence on THSG. The results showed that after storage in a dark place at the room temperature for 10 days, the degradation of THSG was 7% in deionized water, while undetectable in tap water. The content of THSG could be decreased by different kinds of metal ions, and the effect was concentration-dependent. Moreover, Fe3+ and Fe2+ showed the greatest influence at the same concentration; and our study has shown that THSG decreased more than 98% in Fe and Fe2+ solutions at 500 ppm concentration. In the same time we found out p-hydroxybenzaldehyde (molecular weight: 122.036 7) and 2,3,5-trihydroxybenzaldehyde-2-O-glycoside (molecular weight: 316.079 4) were the main degradation products of THSG in tap water and water containing Cu2+, Ca2+, Zn2+, Mg2+ and Al3+. The product of THSG dimer with a water molecule was found in water containing Fe3+ and Fe2+. The above results showed that the metal ions in water could significantly influence the stability of THSG in water, indicating that the clinical efficacy and safety of decoction would be affected if the metal ions in water were not under control. It's suggested that deionized water should be used in the preparation of decoction containing Polygoni Multiflori Radix in the clinic to avoid degradation of THSG. Meanwhile, decoction prepared by tap water

  1. Institutions in the Colonial Era. Grade 5 Model Lesson for Standard 5.4. California History-Social Science Course Models.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zachlod, Michelle, Ed.

    California State Standard 5.4 is delineated as: Students understand the political, religious, social, and economic institutions that evolved in the colonial era. Understanding the historical contributions of religion and key elements of world religions is essential to a complete knowledge of America's civilization and to being a well educated…

  2. Synthesis of 2H-Azirines by Iridium-Catalyzed Decarboxylative Ring Contraction of Isoxazol-5(4H)-ones.

    PubMed

    Okamoto, Kazuhiro; Shimbayashi, Takuya; Yoshida, Masato; Nanya, Atsushi; Ohe, Kouichi

    2016-06-13

    A phosphine-free iridium-catalyzed reaction of isoxazol-5(4H)-ones (isoxazolones) has been developed, and affords 2H-azirines through decarboxylation and ring contraction. This method provides an efficient and environmentally benign protocol which could replace the conventional approaches used to synthesize 2H-azirines. PMID:27125870

  3. Five closely related 4-chloro-6,11-dihydro-5H-benzo[b]pyrimido[5,4-f]azepines: similar molecular structures but different supramolecular assemblies.

    PubMed

    Acosta, Lina M; Jurado, Jorge; Palma, Alirio; Cobo, Justo; Glidewell, Christopher

    2015-12-01

    Dibenz[b,f]azepine (DBA) is a privileged 6-7-6 tricyclic ring system of importance in both organic and medicinal chemistry. Benzo[b]pyrimido[5,4-f]azepines (BPAs), which also contain a privileged 6-7-6 ring system, are less well investigated, probably because of a lack of straightforward and versatile methods for their synthesis. A simple and versatile synthetic approach to BPAs based on intramolecular Friedel-Crafts alkylation has been developed. A group of closely-related benzo[b]pyrimido[5,4-f]azepine derivatives, namely (6RS)-4-chloro-6,11-dimethyl-6,11-dihydro-5H-benzo[b]pyrimido[5,4-f]azepine, C14H14ClN3, (I), (6RS)-4-chloro-8-hydroxy-6,11-dimethyl-6,11-dihydro-5H-benzo[b]pyrimido[5,4-f]azepine, C14H14ClN3O, (II), (6RS)-4-chloro-8-methoxy-6,11-dimethyl-6,11-dihydro-5H-benzo[b]pyrimido[5,4-f]azepine, C15H16ClN3O, (III), and (6RS)-4-chloro-8-methoxy-6,11-dimethyl-2-phenyl-6,11-dihydro-5H-benzo[b]pyrimido[5,4-f]azepine, C21H20ClN3O, (IV), has been prepared and their structures compared with the recently published structure [Acosta-Quintero et al. (2015). Eur. J. Org. Chem. pp. 5360-5369] of (6RS)-4-chloro-2,6,8,11-tetramethyl-6,11-dihydro-5H-benzo[b]pyrimido[5,4-f]azepine, (V). All five compounds crystallize as racemic mixtures and they have very similar molecular conformations, with the azepine ring adopting a boat-type conformation in each case, although the orientation of the methoxy substituent in each of (III) and (IV) is different. The supramolecular assemblies in (II) and (IV) depend upon hydrogen bonds of the O-H...N and C-H...π(arene) types, respectively, those in (I) and (V) depend upon π-π stacking interactions involving pairs of pyrimidine rings, and that in (III) depends upon a π-π stacking interaction involving pairs of phenyl rings. Short C-Cl...π(pyrimidine) contacts are present in (I), (II) and (IV) but not in (III) or (V). PMID:26632832

  4. Densified waste form and method for forming

    DOEpatents

    Garino, Terry J.; Nenoff, Tina M.; Sava Gallis, Dorina Florentina

    2016-05-17

    Materials and methods of making densified waste forms for temperature sensitive waste material, such as nuclear waste, formed with low temperature processing using metallic powder that forms the matrix that encapsulates the temperature sensitive waste material. The densified waste form includes a temperature sensitive waste material in a physically densified matrix, the matrix is a compacted metallic powder. The method for forming the densified waste form includes mixing a metallic powder and a temperature sensitive waste material to form a waste form precursor. The waste form precursor is compacted with sufficient pressure to densify the waste precursor and encapsulate the temperature sensitive waste material in a physically densified matrix.

  5. Densified waste form and method for forming

    SciTech Connect

    Garino, Terry J.; Nenoff, Tina M.; Sava Gallis, Dorina Florentina

    2015-08-25

    Materials and methods of making densified waste forms for temperature sensitive waste material, such as nuclear waste, formed with low temperature processing using metallic powder that forms the matrix that encapsulates the temperature sensitive waste material. The densified waste form includes a temperature sensitive waste material in a physically densified matrix, the matrix is a compacted metallic powder. The method for forming the densified waste form includes mixing a metallic powder and a temperature sensitive waste material to form a waste form precursor. The waste form precursor is compacted with sufficient pressure to densify the waste precursor and encapsulate the temperature sensitive waste material in a physically densified matrix.

  6. 22 CFR 5.3 - Rules of procedure, description of forms available or the places at which forms may be obtained...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... papers, reports, or examinations. 5.3 Section 5.3 Foreign Relations DEPARTMENT OF STATE GENERAL ORGANIZATION § 5.3 Rules of procedure, description of forms available or the places at which forms may be... referenced in § 5.4, or obtained upon application to the offices listed below. Forms pertaining to...

  7. 22 CFR 5.3 - Rules of procedure, description of forms available or the places at which forms may be obtained...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... papers, reports, or examinations. 5.3 Section 5.3 Foreign Relations DEPARTMENT OF STATE GENERAL ORGANIZATION § 5.3 Rules of procedure, description of forms available or the places at which forms may be... referenced in § 5.4, or obtained upon application to the offices listed below. Forms pertaining to...

  8. 22 CFR 5.3 - Rules of procedure, description of forms available or the places at which forms may be obtained...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... papers, reports, or examinations. 5.3 Section 5.3 Foreign Relations DEPARTMENT OF STATE GENERAL ORGANIZATION § 5.3 Rules of procedure, description of forms available or the places at which forms may be... referenced in § 5.4, or obtained upon application to the offices listed below. Forms pertaining to...

  9. 22 CFR 5.3 - Rules of procedure, description of forms available or the places at which forms may be obtained...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... papers, reports, or examinations. 5.3 Section 5.3 Foreign Relations DEPARTMENT OF STATE GENERAL ORGANIZATION § 5.3 Rules of procedure, description of forms available or the places at which forms may be... referenced in § 5.4, or obtained upon application to the offices listed below. Forms pertaining to...

  10. 22 CFR 5.3 - Rules of procedure, description of forms available or the places at which forms may be obtained...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... papers, reports, or examinations. 5.3 Section 5.3 Foreign Relations DEPARTMENT OF STATE GENERAL ORGANIZATION § 5.3 Rules of procedure, description of forms available or the places at which forms may be... referenced in § 5.4, or obtained upon application to the offices listed below. Forms pertaining to...

  11. The Use of 3,5,4′-Tri-O-acetylresveratrol as a Potential Prodrug for Resveratrol Protects Mice from γ-Irradiation-Induced Death

    PubMed Central

    2011-01-01

    Currently, no drugs are available to protect humans from γ-irradiation-induced death. Because reactive oxygen species are produced upon exposure to γ-irradiation and directly responsible for the resulting death, we hypothesized that antioxidants found in foodstuffs may provide a safe and potent means of antioxidant-dependent radioprotection. Here, we describe our studies investigating the radioprotective properties of resveratrol and 3,5,4′-tri-O-acetylresveratrol. Each of these natural antioxidants was found to protect live cells after γ-irradiation. In mice, the use of 3,5,4′-tri-O-acetylresveratrol with Cremophor EL was particularly effective, indicating that this natural antioxidant may be a leading candidate for radioprotective drug development. PMID:21826253

  12. The Use of 3,5,4'-Tri-O-acetylresveratrol as a Potential Pro-drug for Resveratrol Protects Mice from γ-Irradiation-Induced Death.

    PubMed

    Koide, Kazunori; Osman, Sami; Garner, Amanda L; Song, Fengling; Dixon, Tracy; Greenberger, Joel S; Epperly, Michael W

    2011-01-25

    Currently, no drugs are available to protect humans from γ-irradiation-induced death. Because reactive oxygen species are produced upon exposure to γ-irradiation and directly responsible for the resulting death, we hypothesized that antioxidants found in foodstuffs may provide a safe and potent means of antioxidant-dependent radioprotection. Here, we describe our studies investigating the radioprotective properties of resveratrol and 3,5,4'-tri-O-acetylresveratrol. Each of these natural antioxidants was found to protect live cells after γ-irradiation. In mice, the use of 3,5,4'-tri-O-acetylresveratrol with Cremophor EL was particularly effective, indicating that this natural antioxidant may be a leading candidate for radioprotective drug development. PMID:21826253

  13. Nuclear magnetic resonance study of the ferroelastic phase transition of order-disorder type in [N(C2H5)4]2CdCl4

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lim, Ae Ran; Kim, Min Soo; Lim, Kye-Young

    2016-08-01

    This study uses nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) techniques to examine the detailed changes in [N(C2H5)4]2CdCl4 around its phase transition at the temperature TC = 284 K. The chemical shifts and spin-lattice relaxation times in the rotating frame (T1ρ) were determined from 1H magic angle spinning (MAS) NMR and 13C cross-polarization (CP)/MAS NMR spectra. The two sets of inequivalent 1H and 13C nuclei in CH3 and CH2 were distinguished. A ferroelastic phase transition was observed at TC, without structural symmetry change. The phase transition is mainly attributed to the orientational ordering of the [N(C2H5)4]+ cations, and the spectral splitting at low temperature is associated with different ferroelastic domains.

  14. Careers (A Course of Study). Unit V: Forms, Forms, Forms.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Turley, Kay

    Designed to enable special needs students to understand and complete various job-related forms, this set of activities devoted to forms encountered before and after one obtains a job is the fifth in a nine-unit secondary level careers course intended to provide handicapped students with the knowledge and tools necessary to succeed in the world of…

  15. Biological Activities of 2,3,5,4′-Tetrahydroxystilbene-2-O-β-D-Glucoside in Antiaging and Antiaging-Related Disease Treatments

    PubMed Central

    2016-01-01

    2,3,5,4′-Tetrahydroxystilbene-2-O-β-D-glucoside (THSG) is active component of the Chinese medicinal plant Polygonum multiflorum Thunb. (THSG). Pharmacological studies have demonstrated that THSG exhibits numerous biological functions in treating atherosclerosis, lipid metabolism, vascular and cardiac remodeling, vascular fibrosis, cardiac-cerebral ischemia, learning and memory disorders, neuroinflammation, Alzheimer and Parkinson diseases, diabetic complications, hair growth problems, and numerous other conditions. This review focuses on the biological effects of THSG in antiaging and antiaging-related disease treatments and discusses its molecular mechanisms. PMID:27413420

  16. Biological Activities of 2,3,5,4'-Tetrahydroxystilbene-2-O-β-D-Glucoside in Antiaging and Antiaging-Related Disease Treatments.

    PubMed

    Ling, Shuang; Xu, Jin-Wen

    2016-01-01

    2,3,5,4'-Tetrahydroxystilbene-2-O-β-D-glucoside (THSG) is active component of the Chinese medicinal plant Polygonum multiflorum Thunb. (THSG). Pharmacological studies have demonstrated that THSG exhibits numerous biological functions in treating atherosclerosis, lipid metabolism, vascular and cardiac remodeling, vascular fibrosis, cardiac-cerebral ischemia, learning and memory disorders, neuroinflammation, Alzheimer and Parkinson diseases, diabetic complications, hair growth problems, and numerous other conditions. This review focuses on the biological effects of THSG in antiaging and antiaging-related disease treatments and discusses its molecular mechanisms. PMID:27413420

  17. A 1.5-4 K detachable cold-sample transfer system: Application to inertially confined fusion with spin-polarized hydrogen fuels

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Alexander, N.; Barden, J.; Fan, Q.; Honig, A.

    1991-11-01

    A compact cold-transfer apparatus for engaging and retrieving samples at liquid-helium temperatures (1.5-4 K), maintaining the samples at such temperatures for periods of hours, and subsequently inserting them in diverse apparatuses followed by disengagement, is described. The properties of several thermal radiation-insulating shrouds, necessary for very low sample temperatures, are presented. The immediate intended application is transportable target shells containing highly spin-polarized deuterons in solid HD or D2 for inertially confined fusion experiments. The system is also valuable for unpolarized high-density fusion fuels, as well as for other applications which are discussed.

  18. A 1. 5--4 Kelvin detachable cold-sample transfer system: Application to inertially confined fusion with spin-polarized hydrogens fuels

    SciTech Connect

    Alexander, N.; Barden, J.; Fan, Q.; Honig, A.

    1990-01-01

    A compact cold-transfer apparatus for engaging and retrieving samples at liquid helium temperatures (1.5--4K), maintaining the samples at such temperatures for periods of hours, and subsequently inserting them in diverse apparatuses followed by disengagement, is described. The properties of several thermal radiation-insulating shrouds, necessary for very low sample temperatures, are presented. The immediate intended application is transportable target-shells containing highly spin-polarized deuterons in solid HD or D{sub 2} for inertially confined fusion (ICF) experiments. The system is also valuable for unpolarized high-density fusion fuels, as well as for other applications which are discussed. 9 refs., 6 figs.

  19. A 1. 5--4 K detachable cold-sample transfer system: Application to inertially confined fusion with spin-polarized hydrogen fuels

    SciTech Connect

    Alexander, N.; Barden, J.; Fan, Q.; Honig, A. )

    1991-11-01

    A compact cold-transfer apparatus for engaging and retrieving samples at liquid-helium temperatures (1.5--4 K), maintaining the samples at such temperatures for periods of hours, and subsequently inserting them in diverse apparatuses followed by disengagement, is described. The properties of several thermal radiation-insulating shrouds, necessary for very low sample temperatures, are presented. The immediate intended application is transportable target shells containing highly spin-polarized deuterons in solid HD or D{sub 2} for inertially confined fusion experiments. The system is also valuable for unpolarized high-density fusion fuels, as well as for other applications which are discussed.

  20. A physical model for the precursory magnetic anomalies of the M5.4 Alum Rock and M6.0 Parkfield earthquakes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Dologlou, Elizabeth

    2014-06-01

    Here, we propose an alternative physical model, based on the concept of criticality, for the explanation of the observed magnetic signals prior to the M6.0 Parkfield and the M5.4 Alum Rock earthquakes. Motivated by an analogous experience from major earthquakes in Greece, where both magnetic field variations and seismic electric signals were also recorded few weeks before the main shock, we suggest that in all these cases, similar dynamic processes characterized by critical behaviour should govern the corresponding pre-focal areas when the relevant precursory signals emerged.

  1. Mid-IR supercontinuum from 2.4 to 5.4 μm in a low-loss fluoroindate fiber.

    PubMed

    Gauthier, Jean-Christophe; Fortin, Vincent; Carrée, Jean-Yves; Poulain, Samuel; Poulain, Marcel; Vallée, Réal; Bernier, Martin

    2016-04-15

    A mid-infrared supercontinuum extending up to 5.4 μm is generated in a low-loss fluoroindate fiber. It is pumped with an erbium-doped fluoride fiber amplifier seeded with 400 ps pulses at 2.75 μm. Both fibers are fusion spliced to increase the robustness and long-term stability of the system. With more than 82% of the total power beyond 3 μm, this approach is promising for efficient mid-IR light generation. PMID:27082337

  2. Synthesis and antidepressant activities of 4-(substituted-phenyl)tetrazolo[1,5-a]quinazolin-5(4H)-ones and their derivatives.

    PubMed

    Zhang, Hong-Jian; Wang, Shi-Ben; Quan, Zhe-Shan

    2015-11-01

    A series of novel 4-(substituted-phenyl) tetrazolo[1,5-a]quinazolin-5(4H)-ones (6a-x) and their derivatives with tetrazole and other heterocyclic substituents (7-14) were designed, synthesized, and evaluated for antidepressant activities in mice. Pharmacological tests showed that three compounds (6l, 6u, and 6v) at a dose of 50 mg/kg significantly reduced the immobility time in the forced swimming test. The most active compound was 4-(p-tolyl)tetrazolo[1,5-a]quinazolin-5(4H)-one (6v), which decreased the immobility time by 82.69 % at 50 mg/kg. Moreover, 6v did not affect spontaneous activity in the open-field test, and this effect was comparable to the antidepressant effect of fluoxetine. Noradrenaline (NE) and 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) levels in the brains of mice in the test sample groups significantly increased at a dose of 50 mg/kg compared with that in the control group. The monoamine oxidase (MAO) level of all test groups was reduced, but this result was not significantly different between the groups. Therefore, we can infer that their underlying mechanisms may involve the regulation of brain monoamine neurotransmitter homeostasis, based on the detected content of NE, 5-HT, and MAO in mouse brain tissue. PMID:26251313

  3. 3'-hydroxy-3,4,5,4'-tetramethoxystilbene, the metabolite of resveratrol analogue DMU-212, inhibits ovarian cancer cell growth in vitro and in a mice xenograft model.

    PubMed

    Piotrowska-Kempisty, Hanna; Ruciński, Marcin; Borys, Sylwia; Kucińska, Małgorzata; Kaczmarek, Mariusz; Zawierucha, Piotr; Wierzchowski, Marcin; Łażewski, Dawid; Murias, Marek; Jodynis-Liebert, Jadwiga

    2016-01-01

    In screening studies, the cytotoxic activity of four metabolites of resveratrol analogue 3,4,5,4'-tetramethoxystilbene (DMU-212) against A-2780 and SKOV-3 ovarian cancer cells was investigated. The most active metabolite, 3'-hydroxy-3,4,5,4'-tetramethoxystilbene (DMU-214), was chosen for further studies. The cytotoxicity of DMU-214 was shown to be higher than that of the parent compound, DMU-212, in both cell lines tested. Since DMU-212 was supposed to undergo metabolic activation through its conversion to DMU-214, an attempt was made to elucidate the mechanism of its anti-proliferative activity. We found that in SKOV-3 cells lacking p53, DMU-214 induced receptor-mediated apoptosis. In A-2780 cell line with expression of wild-type p53, DMU-214 modulated the expression pattern of p53-target genes driving intrinsic and extrinsic apoptosis pathways, as well as DNA repair and damage prevention. Regardless of the up-regulation of p48, p53R2, sestrins and Gaad45 genes involved in cancer cell DNA repair, we demonstrated the stronger anti-proliferative and pro-apoptotic effects of DMU-214 in A-2780 cells when compared to those in SKOV-3. Hence we verified DMU-214 activity in the xenograft model using SCID mice injected with A-2780 cells. The strong anti-proliferative activity of DMU-214 in the in vivo model allowed to suggest the tested compound as a potential therapeutic in ovarian cancer treatment. PMID:27585955

  4. The 2.1-, 5.4- and 5.7-kb transcripts of the IDS gene are generated by different polyadenylation signals.

    PubMed

    Cudry, S; Froissart, R; Bouton, O; Maire, I; Bozon, D

    1999-10-01

    Deficiency of the lysosomal enzyme iduronate-2-sulfatase (IDS) is responsible for mucopolysaccharidosis type II (OMIM 309900). The IDS gene (Xq28) has been completely sequenced (accession number L35485). Northern blot analysis of poly(A(+)) RNA from different tissues, hybridized with the total IDS cDNA, has revealed three major species of 2.1, 5.4 and 5.7 kb and one minor of 1.4 kb. The 1.4-kb mRNA has been previously described and we show that the three major IDS mRNA are the result of alternative polyadenylation site selection: a non-canonical ATTAAA signal at genomic position 23631 for the 2.1-kb mRNA, a AATAAA signal at position 27156 for the 5.4-kb mRNA and a AATAAA signal at position 27399 for the 5.7-kb mRNA. The different IDS mRNA encode for the same polypeptide and the most abundant transcripts have a long 3'-untranslated region (3'-UTR). The absence of obvious correlation between transcripts content and size, IDS protein amount and IDS activity in the four human fetal tissues tested suggests that it is IDS protein processing that may be regulated rather than IDS gene transcription. PMID:10500241

  5. Dextran-5-(4-ethoxycarbonylphenylazo)salicylic acid ester, a polymeric colon-specific prodrug releasing 5-aminosalicylic acid and benzocaine, ameliorates TNBS-induced rat colitis.

    PubMed

    Nam, Joon; Kim, Wooseong; Lee, Sunyoung; Jeong, Seongkeun; Yoo, Jin-Wook; Kim, Min-Soo; Jung, Yunjin

    2016-06-01

    Local anesthetics have beneficial effects on colitis. Dextran-5-(4-ethoxycarbonylphenylazo)salicylic acid ester (Dex-5-ESA), designed as a polymeric colon-specific prodrug liberating 5-ASA and benzocaine in the large intestine, was prepared and its therapeutic activity against colitis was evaluated using a TNBS-induced rat colitis model. Dex-5-ESA liberated 5-ASA and benzocaine in the cecal contents while (bio)chemically stable in the small intestinal contents and mucosa. Oral administration of Dex-5-ESA (equivalent to 10 mg 5-ASA/kg, twice a day) alleviated colonic injury and reduced MPO activity in the inflamed colon. In parallel, pro-inflammatory mediators, COX-2, iNOS and CINC-3, elevated by TNBS-induced colitis, were substantially diminished in the inflamed colon. Dex-5-ESA was much more effective for the treatment of colitis than 5-(4-ethoxycarbonylphenylazo)salicylic acid (5-ESA) that may not deliver benzocaine to the large intestine. Our data suggest that Dex-5-ESA is a polymeric colon-specific prodrug, liberating 5-ASA and benzocaine in the target site (large intestine), probably exerting anti-colitic effects by combined action of 5-ASA and benzocaine. PMID:26377354

  6. The 5-4-3-2-1 go! Brand to promote nutrition and physical activity: a case of positive behavior change but negative change in beliefs.

    PubMed

    Evans, W Douglas; Wallace, Jasmine; Snider, Jeremy

    2015-01-01

    In recent years, community-based obesity prevention programs have taken an ecological approach and addressed social determinants of obesity. The branded 5-4-3-2-1 Go! obesity prevention program aims to change obesity risk behaviors in low-income neighborhoods in Chicago with a multilevel approach. This study follows a previous evaluation, which showed 5-4-3-2-1 Go! exposure to be associated with increased fruit and vegetable consumption. The authors examined whether increased positive beliefs about fruit and vegetable consumption were associated with exposure to program messages. Exploratory factor analysis identified a fresh fruit/vegetable availability satisfaction factor. The authors compared outcome measures between baseline and follow-up samples and between exposure and control conditions. Multivariable logistic regression models were estimated to evaluate the effects of program exposure on changes in nutrition beliefs. The study found that participants' (n = 246) beliefs about fruit and vegetable consumption were negatively associated with exposure to the program and that demographic factors, social environment, and physical environment were strongly associated with beliefs about fruit and vegetable consumption. These findings merit further research and may indicate the environmental factors that are associated with attitude formation among those reached by obesity prevention interventions, especially when many participants live in neighborhoods lacking convenient fruit and vegetable shopping options. PMID:25794355

  7. Dispersive liquid-liquid microextraction of lead(II) as 5-(4-dimethylaminobenzylidene) rhodanine chelates from food and water samples.

    PubMed

    Alothman, Zeid A; Al-Shaalan, Nora H; Habila, Mohamed A; Unsal, Yunus E; Tuzen, Mustafa; Soylak, Mustafa

    2015-02-01

    A dispersive liquid-liquid microextraction procedure for lead(II) as its 5-(4-dimethylaminobenzylidene) rhodanine complex has been established prior to its microsampling flame atomic absorption spectrometric determination. The influences of various analytical parameters including pH, solvent type and volume, dispersive solvent type and volume, 5-(4-dimethylaminobenzylidene) rhodanine amount, salt effect, and centrifugation time and speed were investigated. The effects of certain alkali, alkaline earth, and transition metal ions on the quantitative extraction of lead(II) were also studied. Quantitative recoveries were obtained at pH 6. The enrichment factor was calculated as 125. The detection limit for lead is 1.1 μg/L. The accuracy of the method was tested with the additions recovery test and analysis of the standard reference materials (SPS-WW2 waste water, NIST SRM 1515 apple leaves, and TMDA-51.3 fortified water). Applications of the present procedure were tested by analyzing water and food samples. PMID:25618567

  8. Intercalative pyrimido[4',5':4,5]thieno(2,3-b)quinolines induce apoptosis in leukemic cells: a comparative study of methoxy and morpholino substitution.

    PubMed

    Shahabuddin, M S; Nambiar, Mridula; Advirao, Gopal M; Raghavan, Sathees C

    2011-10-01

    DNA intercalating molecules are promising anticancer agents. Polycyclic aromatic molecules such as ellipticine intercalate into double-stranded DNA and affect major physiological functions. In the present study, we have characterized two molecules with the same chemical backbone but different side chains, namely 8-methoxy pyrimido[4',5':4,5]thieno (2,3-b)quinoline-4(3H)-one (MPTQ) and 4-morpholino pyrimido[4',5':4,5]thieno(2,3-b)quinoline (morpho-PTQ) at the 8th and 4th position, respectively. Although both MPTQ and morpho-PTQ show similar biophysical properties with high DNA affinity, here we show that they differ in their biological activities. We find that MPTQ is many fold more potent than morpho-PTQ and is cytotoxic against different leukemic cell lines. IC(50) value of methoxy PTQ was estimated between 2-15 µM among the leukemic cells studied, while it was more than 200 µM when morpho-PTQ was used. Cell cycle analysis shows an increase in sub-G1 phase, without any particular cell cycle arrest. Annexin V staining in conjunction with comet assay and DNA fragmentation suggest that MPTQ induces cytotoxicity by activating apoptosis. Thus the observed low IC(50) value of MPTQ makes it a promising cancer chemotherapeutic agent. PMID:20424886

  9. The "FORM" Approach to Reading Forms.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sandel, Lenore

    The FORM approach is designed to help persons in the senior population with the task of filling out the forms or applications required for a myriad of societal and human needs. The acronym represents a four-part approach consisting of: Facing the issue; applying Overview; Rewriting headings as questions; and Matching information as appropriate…

  10. Low-dimensional charge transport of the ferroic NH 2(C 2H 5) 4CoCl 2Br 2 nanocrystals

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tkaczyk, S. W.; Kityk, I. V.; Rudyk, V.; Kapustianyk, V.

    2010-06-01

    DC-conductivity of the nanocomposites consisting of ferroic nanocrystals NH 2(C 2H 5) 4CoCl 2Br 2 (TEA-CCB) incorporated into the polymer PMMA matrices is investigated. The investigations are performed for different number of nanocrystallite chromophores and thickness of the samples. The thickness of the nanocomposite films was varied within 0.44-0.48 μm. The measurements were done at different temperatures and different applied voltages. As a dominant mechanism thermoemission was considered, which is determined by temperature of the samples.. The gold electrodes were used as principle electrodes. The observed phenomena were explained within a framework of hopping between the trapping levels and possible contribution of self-trapped excitons.

  11. Study on ethyl groups with two different orientations in [N(C2H5)4]2CuBr4

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lim, Ae Ran

    2016-06-01

    The crystal structure and phase transition temperature of [N(C2H5)4]2CuBr4 are studied using X-ray diffraction and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC); measurements revealed a tetragonal structure and the two phase transition temperatures TC of 204 K and 255.5 K. The structural geometry near TC is discussed in terms of the chemical shifts for 1H magic angle spinning (MAS) nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) and 13C cross-polarization (CP)/MAS NMR. The two inequivalent ethyl groups are distinguishable by the 13C NMR spectrum. The molecular motions are discussed in terms of the spin-lattice relaxation times T1ρ in the rotating frame for 1H MAS NMR and 13C CP/MAS NMR. The T1ρ results reveal that the ethyl groups undergo tumbling motion, and furthermore that the ethyl groups are highly mobile.

  12. Substituent and solvent effects on the UV/Vis absorption spectra of 5-(4-substituted arylazo)-6-hydroxy-4-methyl-3-cyano-2-pyridones

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ušćumlić, Gordana S.; Mijin, Dusanˇ Z. ˇ; Valentić, Nataša V.; Vajs, Vlatka V.; Sušić, Biljana M.

    2004-10-01

    Absorption spectra of ten 5-(4-substituted arylazo)-6-hydroxy-4-methyl-3-cyano-2-pyridones have been recorded in fifteen solvents in the range 200-600 nm. The substituents at the phenyl nucleus are as follows: OH, OCH 3, CH 3, C 2H 5, H, Cl, Br, I, COOH and NO 2. The effects of substituents on the absorption spectra of investigated compounds are interpreted by correlation of absorption frequencies with simple Hammett equation. The effects of solvent polarity and solvent/solute hydrogen bonding interactions are analyzed by means of linear solvation energy relationships concept proposed by Kamlet and Taft. The azo-hydrazone tuatomeric equilibration is found to depend upon substituents as well as on solvents.

  13. Design of the high-speed framing, FEC, and interleaving hardware used in a 5.4km free-space optical communication experiment

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Greco, Joseph A.

    2009-08-01

    The forward error correction (FEC) and interleaver realizations used in a 5.4 km horizontal-path link experiment incorporated several unique elements that were specifically tailored to address turbulence-induced fading. To facilitate optimization studies, this hardware was designed to afford a high degree of flexibility in the FEC code structure and interleaver length. An essential aspect of this structure was the standards-compliant client interface, which provided seamless connectivity to fiber-based terrestrial networks. Through the use of an OTU1 (2.667 Gbaud) architecture with nonstandard interleaving, error-free transmission was achieved in the presence of strong scintillation that produced fade events that frequently exceeded 10 ms in duration. This work was sponsored by the Department of Defense, RRCO DDR&E, under Air Force Contract FA8721-05-C-0002. Opinions, interpretations, conclusions and recommendations are those of the authors and are not necessarily endorsed by the United States Government.

  14. Measurement of the W boson helicity in top quark decays using 5.4 fb⁻¹ of pp̄ collision data

    DOE PAGESBeta

    Abazov, V. M.; Abbott, B.; Acharya, B. S.; Adams, M.; Adams, T.; Alexeev, G. D.; Alkhazov, G.; Alton, A.; Alverson, G.; Alves, G. A.; et al

    2011-02-18

    We present a measurement of the helicity of the W boson produced in top quark decays using tt¯ decays in the l+jets and dilepton final states selected from a sample of 5.4 fb⁻¹ of collisions recorded using the D0 detector at the Fermilab Tevatron pp̄ collider. We measure the fractions of longitudinal and right-handed W bosons to be f₀=0.669±0.102[±0.078(stat.)±0.065(syst.)] and f₊=0.023±0.053[±0.041(stat.)±0.034(syst.)], respectively. This result is consistent at the 98% level with the standard model. A measurement with f₀ fixed to the value from the standard model yields f₊=0.010±0.037[±0.022(stat.)±0.030(syst.)].

  15. Synthesis of Thiazolo[5,4-f]quinazolin-9(8H)-ones as Multi-Target Directed Ligands of Ser/Thr Kinases.

    PubMed

    Hédou, Damien; Godeau, Julien; Loaëc, Nadège; Meijer, Laurent; Fruit, Corinne; Besson, Thierry

    2016-01-01

    A library of thirty novel thiazolo[5,4-f]quinazolin-9(8H)-one derivatives belonging to four series designated as 12, 13, 14 and 15 was efficiently prepared, helped by microwave-assisted technology when required. The efficient multistep synthesis of methyl 6-amino-2-cyano- benzo[d]thiazole-7-carboxylate (1) has been reinvestigated and performed on a multigram scale. The inhibitory potency of the final products against five kinases involved in Alzheimer's disease was evaluated. This study demonstrates that some molecules of the 12 and 13 series described in this paper are particularly promising for the development of new multi-target inhibitors of kinases. PMID:27144552

  16. Dysprosium thiogallate laser: source of mid-infrared radiation at 2.4, 4.3, and 5.4 µm

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Jelinkova, H.; Doroshenko, M. E.; Osiko, V. V.; Jelínek, M.; Šulc, J.; Němec, M.; Vyhlídal, D.; Badikov, V. V.; Badikov, D. V.

    2016-08-01

    Various Dy:PbGa2S4 laser-active material energy transitions originating from the 6H9/2 + 6F11/2 or 6H11/2 energy level were investigated, and the mid-infrared radiation generation has been demonstrated. The Dy:PbGa2S4 laser was pumped by a 1.32-µm free-running Nd:YAG laser or laser diode radiation corresponding to the Dy:PbGa2S4 absorption peak. The Dy:PbGa2S4 crystal was placed in the stable optical resonator with the mirrors chosen according to the required generated wavelength. New laser wavelengths of 2.4 and 5.4 µm were generated from the Dy:PbGa2S4 laser at room temperature. Laser output characteristics at 4.3 µm are also presented.

  17. Identification and functional characterization of a putative IDE, C28F5.4 (ceIDE-1), in Caenorhabditis elegans: Implications for Alzheimer's disease.

    PubMed

    Haque, Rizwanul; Nazir, Aamir

    2016-11-01

    Insulin-degrading enzyme (IDE) is a zinc metalloprotease, known to degrade insulin peptide and amyloid-beta (Aβ); the key protein involved in Alzheimer's disease (AD). Considering the important role played by IDE in disease progression of AD and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), we endeavored to identify the Caenorhabditis elegans (C. elegans) IDE orthologous genes and test them for their role in AD related outcomes. We employed bioinformatics, reverse genetics and molecular biology approaches towards identification and functional characterization of putative IDE candidates in C. elegans. Using in-silico analysis we have identified seven C. elegans genes that possess HXXEH motif, an identifying marker of IDE. We further carried out functional analysis of the identified genes in Aβ expressing C. elegans strain CL4176 [myo-3/Aβ1-42 long 3'-UTR] via studying effect on Aβ induced toxicity, cholinergic neuroanatomy, content of acetylcholine/acetylcholine-esterase, extent of reactive oxygen species and expression of FOXO transcription factor DAF-16. Our findings reveal that amongst the identified putative IDE orthologs, a functionally uncharacterized gene C28F5.4 had a profound effect on the tested endpoints. Knocking down C28F5.4 modulated the AD associated conditions by decreasing Aβ induced toxicity, severely compromising cholinergic neuroanatomy, reducing expression of acetylcholine-transporter, decreasing acetylcholine content, elevating ROS, with no effect on DAF-16 stress-response protein. These studies provide crucial insight into the structural/functional orthology of IDEs across human and nematode species and further our understanding of the involvement of these proteins and insulin pathway in AD. Further studies could aid in identifying novel drug-targets and in understanding the common modulating factors between AD and T2DM. PMID:27443962

  18. Form 5-Mining venture agreement model form

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1984-01-01

    This text acts as a reference of the basic terms and conditions for a negotiated mining venture agreement. Alternative clauses and provisions, along with extensive commentary, are supplied. The model form contains many articles which define and detail the process.

  19. Handbook of Poetic Forms.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Padgett, Ron, Ed.

    Intended for secondary teachers and student writers but useful for anyone interested in poetic forms, this book defines 74 basic poetic forms, summarizes their histories, quotes examples from noted poets, and offers professional tricks of the trade on how to use each form. The book covers the following poetic forms: abstract poem, acrostic,…

  20. Bacteria form tellurium nanocrystals

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Oremland, R.S.

    2007-01-01

    A team of researchers have found two bacterial species that produce tellurium oxyanions as respiratory electron acceptors for growth, leaving elemental tellurium in the form of nanoparticles. The crystals from the two organisms exhibit distinctively different structures. Bacillus selenitireducens initially forms nanorods that cluster together to form rosettes. Sulfurospirillum barnesii forms irregularly-shaped nanospheres that coalesce into larger composite aggregates.

  1. Vibrational and structural observations and molecular docking study on 1-{3-(4-chlorophenyl)-5-[4-(propan-2-yl)phenyl]-4,5-dihydro-1H-pyrazol-1-yl}-ethanone

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Parveen S, Shana; Al-Alshaikh, Monirah A.; Panicker, C. Yohannan; El-Emam, Ali A.; Narayana, B.; Saliyan, Vinutha V.; Sarojini, B. K.; Van Alsenoy, C.

    2016-05-01

    A combined experimental and theoretical analysis of on molecular structure, vibrational spectra and HOMO-LUMO analysis of 1-{3-(4-chlorophenyl)-5-[4-(propan-2-yl)phenyl]-4,5-dihydro-1H-pyrazol-1-yl}-ethanone is reported. The equilibrium geometry and vibrational wavenumbers have been computed using desnity functional B3LYP method with 6-311++G(d) (5D, 7F) as basis set. The nonlinear optical properties were evaluated by the determination of the first and second hyperpolarizabilities of the title compound. HOMO is localized over the whole molecule except the ring PhIII and the CH3 groups attached to the PhIII while the LUMO is located through out the whole molecule except the CH3 groups attached with the PhIII and this shows that an eventual charge transfer occurs within the molecule. From the molecular electrostatic potential study, the negative electrostatic potential regions are mainly localized over the carbonyl group, phenyl rings and are possible sites for electrophilic attack and the positive regions are localized over the nitrogen atoms as possible sites for nucleophilic attack. The docked ligand title compound forms a stable complex with kinesin spindle protein (KSP) and gives a binding affinity value of -6.7 kcal/mol the results suggest that the compound might exhibit inhibitory activity against KSP.

  2. Synthesis, spectroscopic characterization, calculational studies and in vitro antitumoral activity of 4-(3-(1H-imidazol-1-yl)propyl)-(thiophen-2-ylmethyl)-1H-1,2,4-triazol-5(4H)-one

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Süleymanoğlu, Nevin; Ustabaş, Reşat; Alpaslan, Yelda Bingöl; Ünver, Yasemin; Turan, Mustafa; Sancak, Kemal

    2011-03-01

    4-(3-(1H-imidazol-1-yl)propyl)-(thiophen-2-ylmethyl)-1H-1,2,4-triazol-5(4H)-one (IPTT), C 13H 15N 5OS, was synthesized and characterized by 13C NMR, 1H NMR, IR and single-crystal X-ray diffraction. The structure of IPTT is stabilized by three intermolecular hydrogen bonds and by intermolecular C sbnd H⋯ π interaction. The compound IPTT was modelled by using DFT method. Calculations of vibrational frequencies, gauge including atomic orbital (GIAO), 1H and 13C NMR chemical shifts of IPTT in the ground state, total electronic charge density map and frontier molecular orbitals were performed at B3LYP/6-31 G(d) level of theory were carried out by using DFT method with 6-31 G(d) basis set. The structural parameters obtained by geometry optimization, the theoretical vibrational frequencies and chemical shift values are in good agreement with experimental ones. FT-IR, NMR and X-ray analytical results of IPTT show that the compound exists as keto form, that was supported by DFT calculations. In addition, in vitro studies showed hopeful antitumoral activity of the title IPTT compound.

  3. Crystal structure of (Z)-1-(3,4-dichlorophenyl)-3-methyl-4-[(naphthalen-1-yl-amino)(p-tolyl)methylidene]-1H-pyrazol-5(4H)-one.

    PubMed

    Sharma, Naresh; Parihar, Sanjay; Jadeja, R N; Kant, Rajni; Gupta, Vivek K

    2014-09-01

    The title Schiff base compound, C28H21Cl2N3O, was synthesized by the condensation of 1-(3,4-di-chloro-phen-yl)-3-methyl-4-(4-methyl-benzo-yl)-1H-pyrazol-5(4H)-one with 1-aminona-phthalene. The p-tolyl ring is normal to the pyrazole ring, with a dihedral angle of 88.02 (14)°, and inclined to the naphthalene ring system by 78.60 (12)°. The pyrazole ring is inclined to the naphthalene ring system and the di-chloro-substituted benzene ring by 63.30 (12) and 11.03 (13)°, respectively. The amino group and carbonyl oxygen atom are involved in an intra-molecular N-H⋯O hydrogen bond enclosing an S(6) ring motif. There is also a short C-H⋯O contact involving the carbonyl O atom and the adjacent benzene ring. In the crystal, mol-ecules are linked by C-H⋯π inter-actions, forming a three-dimensional structure. PMID:25309277

  4. Solid-State Synthesis and Structure of the Enigmatic Ammonium Octaborate: (NH4)2[B7O9(OH)5]·3/4B(OH)3·5/4H2O.

    PubMed

    Neiner, Doinita; Sevryugina, Yulia V; Schubert, David M

    2016-09-01

    The compound known since the 19th century as ammonium octaborate was structurally characterized revealing the ammonium salt of the ribbon isomer of the heptaborate anion, [B7O9(OH)5](2-), with boric acid and water molecules. Of composition (NH4)2B7.75O12.63·4.88H2O, it approximates the classical ammonium octaborate composition (NH4)2B8O13·6H2O and has the structural formula {(NH4)2[B7O9(OH)5]}4·3B(OH)3·5H2O. It spontaneously forms at room temperature in solid-state mixtures of ammonium tetraborate and ammonium pentaborate. It crystallizes in the monoclinic space group P21/c with a = 11.4137(2) Å, b = 11.8877(2) Å, c = 23.4459(3) Å, β = 90.092(1)°, V = 3181.19(8) Å(3), and Z = 2 and contains well-ordered ammonium cations and [B7O9(OH)5](2-) anions and disordered B(OH)3 and H2O molecules linked by extensive H bonding. Expeditious solid-state formation of the heptaborate anion under ambient conditions has important implications for development of practical syntheses of industrially useful borates. PMID:27513178

  5. Synthesis, spectral (FT-IR, UV-visible, NMR) features, biological activity prediction and theoretical studies of 4-Amino-3-(4-hydroxybenzyl)-1H-1,2,4-triazole-5(4H)-thione and its tautomer

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Srivastava, Ambrish Kumar; Kumar, Abhishek; Misra, Neeraj; Manjula, P. S.; Sarojini, B. K.; Narayana, B.

    2016-03-01

    Triazole compounds constitute an important class of organic chemistry due to their various biological and corrosion inhibition activities. The synthesis scheme of a new triazole compound namely, 4-Amino-3-(4-hydroxybenzyl)-1H-1,2,4-triazole-5(4H)-thione (4AHT) has been theoretically analyzed. Our density functional theory (DFT) based calculations show that the synthesis of 4AHT is energetically feasible at the room temperature as the reaction is exothermic, spontaneous as well as favored in forward direction. The calculated bond-lengths are found to be in good agreement with corresponding crystallographic values. We have considered two possible tautomers of 4AHT viz. thione and thiol forms. The FT-IR (KBr disc), UV-visible (ethanol) and 1H-NMR (DMSO) spectra of 4AHT have been recorded. The vibrational modes have been assigned on the basis of their potential energy distributions and scaled wavenumbers agree well with the FT-IR wavenumbers. Time dependent DFT calculations are performed to analyze the electronic transitions for various excited states which reproduce the experimental peak observed in UV-visible spectrum. Using gauge independent atomic orbital method 1H-NMR chemical shifts have been calculated and correlated with the experimental chemical shifts with the linear correlation coefficient of 0.9453. Our spectral analyses reveal the dominance of thione over thiol form of 4AHT. The chemical reactivity of 4AHT has been discussed by molecular electrostatic potential surface as well as various electronic parameters. The biological activities of 4AHT have also been explored theoretically and it has been found that the title molecule can act as a potential inhibitor of cyclin-dependent kinase 5 enzyme. These findings may guide the synthesis and design of new triazole compounds with interesting biological activity.

  6. Forms of Arthritis

    MedlinePlus

    ... this page please turn Javascript on. Forms of Arthritis Past Issues / Fall 2006 Table of Contents Today, ... of Linda Saisselin Osteoarthritis (OA) — the form of arthritis typically occurring during middle or old age, this ...

  7. Forms of Arthritis

    MedlinePlus

    ... stiffness, inflammation, swelling and, sometimes, destruction of joints. Gout — a form of arthritis that occurs when uric ... the joints. Some 2.1 million Americans have gout. Lupus — a form of arthritis, like rheumatoid arthritis, ...

  8. Aortic Remodelling Is Improved by 2,3,5,4′-Tetrahydroxystilbene-2-O-β-D-glucoside Involving the Smad3 Pathway in Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats

    PubMed Central

    Duan, Ju; Han, Xin; Ling, Shuang; Gan, Woting; Sun, Li; Ni, Rong-Zhen; Xu, Jin-Wen

    2015-01-01

    Hypertension is a common health problem that substantially increases the risk of cardiovascular disease. The condition increases blood pressure, which causes alterations in vascular structure and leads to the development of vascular pathologies. 2,3,5,4′-Tetrahydroxystilbene-2-O-β-D-glucoside (THSG), a resveratrol analogue extracted from a Chinese medicinal plant, has been proven to have numerous vascular protection functions. This study investigated whether THSG can improve vascular remodeling, which has thus far remained unclear. Orally administering THSG to spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRs) aged 12 weeks for 14 weeks significantly inhibited intima-media thickness in the lower parts of the aortic arch, increased the vascular diastolic rate in response to acetylcholine, and reduced remodelling-related mRNA expression, such as that of ACTA2, CCL3, COL1A2, COL3A1, TIMP1 WISP2, IGFBP1, ECE1, KLF5, MYL1 BMP4, FN1, and PAI-1. Immunofluorescence staining also showed an inhibitory effect similar to that of THSG on PAI-1 protein expression in rat aortas. Results from immunoprecipitation and a Western blot assay showed that THSG inhibited the acetylation of Smad3. A chromatin immunoprecipitation assay showed that THSG prevented Smad3 binding to the PAI-1 proximal promoter in SHR aortas. In conclusion, our results demonstrated that the inhibitory effect of THSG on aortic remodelling involved the deacetylating role of Smad3 with increasing blood flow and with constant blood pressure. PMID:26693246

  9. Electrical properties and conduction mechanism of [N(C2H5)4][N(CH3)4]CuCl4 compound

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Drissi, N.; Karoui, K.; Jomni, F.; Rhaiem, A. Ben

    2016-09-01

    The [N(CH3)4][N(C2H5)4]CuCl4 single crystal has been synthetized in order to determinate the temperatures transition and to study the electrical properties and the conduction mechanism. At room temperature, this compound crystallizes in the tetragonal system with P-421m space group. The calorimetric study shows three anomalies at 248, 284 and 326 K. Electrical conduction and dielectrical relaxation mechanisms at various frequencies and temperatures were analyzed by impedance spectroscopy and the equivalent circuit based on the Z-View-software was proposed. The variation of fp relaxation determinate by the modulus study and σdc specific to the AC conductivity as a function of temperature and confirm the all transitions for our sample. The values of the activation energy are determined and compared by those, which are found in the similar compound. Frequencies dependence of alternative current (AC) conductivity is interpreted in terms of Jonscher's law and the conduction mechanisms for each phase are determined with the Elliot's theory.

  10. Pulsed laser operating on the first vibrational overtone of the CO molecule in the 2.5-4.2-{mu}m range: 1. Multifrequency lasing

    SciTech Connect

    Basov, N G; Ionin, Andrei A; Kotkov, A A; Seleznev, L V; Kurnosov, A K; Napartovich, A P; Turkin, N G; McCord, J E; Hager, G D

    2000-09-30

    Characteristics of a pulsed, multifrequency electroionisation CO laser operating on the first vibrational overtone of the CO molecule are studied experimentally and theoretically. It is shown experimentally that a pulsed, multifrequency overtone CO laser is an efficient source of coherent radiation in the 2.5-4.1-{mu}m region whose specific output reaches 50 J l{sup -1} amagat{sup -1} and the electro-optical efficiency amounts to 11 %. A theoretical analysis based on experimental data shows the feasibility of obtaining overtone emission with efficiency as high as {approx}20 %. The alternation of the intensity of vibrational bands in the overtone CO laser is discussed. This effect is caused by the cascade mechanism of formation of the emission spectrum. The comparison of experimental data with calculations showed that they agree well with respect to spectral and energy characteristics of the overtone CO laser. Moreover, it revealed the necessity of refinement of the kinetic model of the active medium of the CO laser for obtaining an adequate description of time parameters of a laser pulse. (lasers)

  11. 2,3,5,4′-Tetrahydroxystilbene-2-O-β-glucoside Isolated from Polygoni Multiflori Ameliorates the Development of Periodontitis

    PubMed Central

    Chin, Yu-Tang; Hsieh, Meng-Ti; Lin, Chi-Yu; Kuo, Po-Jan; Yang, Yu-Chen S. H.; Shih, Ya-Jung; Lai, Hsuan-Yu; Cheng, Guei-Yun; Tang, Heng-Yuan; Lee, Chen-Chen; Lee, Sheng-Yang; Wang, Ching-Chiung; Whang-Peng, Jacqueline; Liu, Leroy F.

    2016-01-01

    Periodontitis, a chronic infection by periodontopathic bacteria, induces uncontrolled inflammation, which leads to periodontal tissue destruction. 2,3,5,4′-Tetrahydroxystilbene-2-O-beta-glucoside (THSG), a polyphenol extracted from Polygoni Multiflori, reportedly has anti-inflammatory properties. In this study, we investigated the mechanisms of THSG on the Porphyromonas gingivalis-induced inflammatory responses in human gingival fibroblasts and animal modeling of ligature-induced periodontitis. Human gingival fibroblast cells were treated with lipopolysaccharide (LPS) extracted from P. gingivalis in the presence of resveratrol or THSG to analyze the expression of TNF-α, IL-1β, and IL-6 genes. Increased AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) activation and SirT1 expression were induced by THSG. Treatment of THSG decreased the expression of LPS-induced inflammatory cytokines, enhanced AMPK activation, and increased the expression of SirT1. In addition, it suppressed the activation of NF-κB when cells were stimulated with P. gingivalis LPS. The anti-inflammatory effect of THSG and P. Multiflori crude extracts was reproduced in ligature-induced periodontitis animal modeling. In conclusion, THSG inhibited the inflammatory responses of P. gingivalis-stimulated human gingival fibroblasts and ameliorated ligature-induced periodontitis in animal model. PMID:27504055

  12. 1,8-Di­aza­bicyclo­[5.4.0]undec-7-en-8-ium bromido­(phthalocyaninato)zincate

    PubMed Central

    Przybył, Bartosz; Janczak, Jan

    2014-01-01

    The title compound, (C9H17N2)[ZnBr(C32H16N8)], contains a bromido­(phthalocyaninato)zincate anion and a protonated 1,8-di­aza­bicyclo­[5.4.0]undece-7-ene cation, [DBUH]+. The central ZnII atom has a distorted square-pyramidal geometry, with four iso­indole N atoms of the macrocycle in equatorial positions and a bromide ion in the axial position. The latter has a relatively high displacement parameter, but no evidence for disorder was obtained. The central ZnII atom is displaced by 0.488 (3) Å from the mean plane defined by the four iso­indole N atoms. The [DBUH]+ cation is involved in an almost linear N—H⋯Br hydrogen bond. In the crystal, π–π inter­actions lead to a relatively short distance of 3.366 (3) Å between the phthalocyaninate rings. PMID:24940212

  13. Aortic Remodelling Is Improved by 2,3,5,4'-Tetrahydroxystilbene-2-O-β-D-glucoside Involving the Smad3 Pathway in Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats.

    PubMed

    Duan, Ju; Han, Xin; Ling, Shuang; Gan, Woting; Sun, Li; Ni, Rong-Zhen; Xu, Jin-Wen

    2015-01-01

    Hypertension is a common health problem that substantially increases the risk of cardiovascular disease. The condition increases blood pressure, which causes alterations in vascular structure and leads to the development of vascular pathologies. 2,3,5,4'-Tetrahydroxystilbene-2-O-β-D-glucoside (THSG), a resveratrol analogue extracted from a Chinese medicinal plant, has been proven to have numerous vascular protection functions. This study investigated whether THSG can improve vascular remodeling, which has thus far remained unclear. Orally administering THSG to spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRs) aged 12 weeks for 14 weeks significantly inhibited intima-media thickness in the lower parts of the aortic arch, increased the vascular diastolic rate in response to acetylcholine, and reduced remodelling-related mRNA expression, such as that of ACTA2, CCL3, COL1A2, COL3A1, TIMP1 WISP2, IGFBP1, ECE1, KLF5, MYL1 BMP4, FN1, and PAI-1. Immunofluorescence staining also showed an inhibitory effect similar to that of THSG on PAI-1 protein expression in rat aortas. Results from immunoprecipitation and a Western blot assay showed that THSG inhibited the acetylation of Smad3. A chromatin immunoprecipitation assay showed that THSG prevented Smad3 binding to the PAI-1 proximal promoter in SHR aortas. In conclusion, our results demonstrated that the inhibitory effect of THSG on aortic remodelling involved the deacetylating role of Smad3 with increasing blood flow and with constant blood pressure. PMID:26693246

  14. Measurement of electron-impact excitation into the 3p{sup 5}4p levels of argon using Fourier-transform spectroscopy

    SciTech Connect

    Chilton, J.E.; Boffard, J.B.; Schappe, R.S.; Lin, C.C.

    1998-01-01

    To experimentally determine electron-impact excitation cross sections with the optical method, it is necessary to measure all transitions out of a level (the {ital apparent} cross sections), as well as the cascades into the level. In the case of the ten 3p{sup 5}4p levels of argon, the emissions to lower levels lie in the visible and near infrared (660{endash}1150 nm) and are hence observable with a monochromator{endash}photomultiplier-tube (PMT) system. A Fourier-transform spectrometer (FTS) allows us to measure the previously uninvestigated cascades that lie in the infrared. For the incident electron energy range between onset and 300 eV, we have measured the apparent cross sections with a monochromator-PMT system, and the cascade cross sections with a weak emission FTS system. The magnitude of both the apparent and cascade cross sections increases with target gas pressure due to radiation trapping effects. By subtracting the cascade contributions from the apparent cross sections, we have determined the direct cross sections and verified that they do not vary with pressure in the 0.5{endash}4-mTorr pressure range considered here. {copyright} {ital 1998} {ital The American Physical Society}

  15. 3,5,4′-Tri-O-acetylresveratrol Attenuates Lipopolysaccharide-Induced Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome via MAPK/SIRT1 Pathway

    PubMed Central

    Ma, Lijie; Zhao, Yilin; Wang, Ruixuan; Chen, Tingting; Li, Wangping; Nan, Yandong; Liu, Xueying; Jin, Faguang

    2015-01-01

    The aim of the present research was to investigate the protecting effects of 3,5,4′-tri-O-acetylresveratrol (AC-Rsv) on LPS-induced acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). Lung injuries have been evaluated by histological examination, wet-to-dry weight ratios, and cell count and protein content in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid. Inflammation was assessed by MPO activities and cytokine secretion in lungs and cells. The results showed that AC-Rsv significantly reduced the mortality of mice stimulated with LPS. Pretreatment of AC-Rsv attenuated LPS-induced histological changes, alleviated pulmonary edema, reduced blood vascular leakage, and inhibited the MPO activities in lungs. What was more, AC-Rsv and Rsv treatment reduced the secretion of TNF-α, IL-6, and IL-1β in lungs and NR8383 cells, respectively. Further exploration revealed that AC-Rsv and Rsv treatment relieved LPS-induced inhibition on SIRT1 expression and restrained the activation effects of LPS on MAPKs and NF-κB activation both in vitro and in vivo. More importantly, in vivo results have also demonstrated that the protecting effects of Rsv on LPS-induced inflammation would be neutralized when SIRT1 was in-hibited by EX527. Taken together, these results indicated that AC-Rsv protected lung tissue against LPS-induced ARDS by attenuating inflammation via p38 MAPK/SIRT1 pathway. PMID:26648661

  16. Use of vibrational spectroscopy to study 2-[4-(N-dodecanoylamino)phenyl]-5-(4-nitrophenyl)-1,3,4-oxadiazole: a combined theoretical and experimental approach.

    PubMed

    Bee, Saba; Agarwal, Parag; Gupta, Archana; Tandon, Poonam

    2013-10-01

    Quantum chemical calculations of geometric structure and vibrational wavenumbers of 2-[4-(N-dodecanoylamino)phenyl]-5-(4-nitrophenyl)-1,3,4-oxadiazole (AF51) were carried out by using density functional theory (DFT/B3LYP/6-311G(d,p) method. The fundamental vibrational modes were characterized depending on their potential energy distribution (PED). In order to predict the reactive sites for electrophilic and nucleophilic attacks of the title molecule, electrostatic potential surface has been plotted. The UV absorption spectrum was examined in chloroform solvent and compared with the calculated one in gas phase as well as in solvent environment using TD-DFT/ PCM approach. The (1)H NMR spectra was recorded. Comparison between the experimental and the theoretical results is satisfactory. The thermodynamic properties of the title compound at different temperatures have been calculated. A relationship between molecular structural features, non-linear responses and hyperpolarizability of AF51 has been established using vibrational spectra with emphasis on the role of intramolecular charge transfer mechanism in such organic NLO materials. PMID:23770512

  17. Hydrogen bonding and coordination bonding in the electronically excited states of Cu2(L)2 (L = 5-(4-pyridyl)tetrazole)MeOH: A TDDFT study

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Meng, Yanfang; Zhang, Chunqing; Ji, Min; Hao, Ce; Qiu, Jieshan

    2013-05-01

    The luminescent metal organic framework (MOF), Cu2(L)2·MeOH (L = 5-(4-pyridyl)tetrazole), was studied using time-dependent density functional theory (TDDFT). A combination of frontier molecular orbitals and electronic configuration analysis revealed that the emission mechanism was a ligand to metal charge transition (LMCT) rather than a metal to ligand charge transfer (MLCT). Hydrogen bonding significantly changed the nature of the frontier orbital and the luminescence. Electronic transition energies predicted that the hydrogen bonding in excited state would become weaker with an electronic spectral blue-shift. The bond lengths, frequencies, and binding energies indicated weakening of the hydrogen bonding in the excited state, which can affect emissions in two ways, including: (i) a decrease in the electronic coupling between methanol and the motif and suppressing the occurrence of the photo-induced electron transfer (PET); and (ii) increasing the energy gap between S1 and S0, leading to radiative transition. Coordination bonding was also investigated in the excited state through bond lengths, frequencies, and bond orders. Coordination bonds were found to become stronger in the excited state leading to an enhancement of the luminescence.

  18. A Snapshot Survey for Gravitational Lenses among z>=4.0 Quasars. II. Constraints on the 4.05.4 Quasar Population

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Richards, Gordon T.; Haiman, Zoltán; Pindor, Bartosz; Strauss, Michael A.; Fan, Xiaohui; Eisenstein, Daniel; Schneider, Donald P.; Bahcall, Neta A.; Brinkmann, J.; Fukugita, Masataka

    2006-01-01

    We report on i-band snapshot observations of 157 Sloan Digital Sky Survey quasars at 4.05.4 using the Advanced Camera for Surveys on the Hubble Space Telescope (HST) to search for evidence of gravitational lensing of these sources. None of the quasars appear to be strongly lensed and multiply imaged at the angular resolution (~0.1") and sensitivity of HST. The nondetection of strong lensing in these systems constrains the z=4-5 luminosity function to an intrinsic slope of β>-3.8 (3 σ), assuming a break in the quasar luminosity function at M*1450~-24.5. This constraint is considerably stronger than the limit of β>-4.63 obtained from the absence of lensing in four z>5.7 quasars. Such constraints are important to our understanding of the true space density of high-redshift quasars and the ionization state of the early universe. Based on observations made with the NASA/ESA Hubble Space Telescope, obtained at the Space Telescope Science Institute, which is operated by the Association of Universities for Research in Astronomy, Inc., under NASA contract NAS5-26555. These observations are associated with program 9472.

  19. Discovery of 2-[5-(4-Fluorophenylcarbamoyl)pyridin-2-ylsulfanylmethyl]phenylboronic Acid (SX-517): Noncompetitive Boronic Acid Antagonist of CXCR1 and CXCR2

    PubMed Central

    2015-01-01

    The G protein-coupled chemokine receptors CXCR1 and CXCR2 play key roles in inflammatory diseases and carcinogenesis. In inflammation, they activate and recruit polymorphonuclear cells (PMNs) through binding of the chemokines CXCL1 (CXCR1) and CXCL8 (CXCR1 and CXCR2). Structure–activity studies that examined the effect of a novel series of S-substituted 6-mercapto-N-phenyl-nicotinamides on CXCL1-stimulated Ca2+ flux in whole human PMNs led to the discovery of 2-[5-(4-fluorophenylcarbamoyl)pyridin-2-ylsulfanylmethyl]phenylboronic acid (SX-517), a potent noncompetitive boronic acid CXCR1/2 antagonist. SX-517 inhibited CXCL1-induced Ca2+ flux (IC50 = 38 nM) in human PMNs but had no effect on the Ca2+ flux induced by C5a, fMLF, or PAF. In recombinant HEK293 cells that stably expressed CXCR2, SX-517 antagonized CXCL8-induced [35S]GTPγS binding (IC50 = 60 nM) and ERK1/2 phosphorylation. Inhibition was noncompetitive, with SX-517 unable to compete the binding of [125I]-CXCL8 to CXCR2 membranes. SX-517 (0.2 mg/kg iv) significantly inhibited inflammation in an in vivo murine model. SX-517 is the first reported boronic acid chemokine antagonist and represents a novel pharmacophore for CXCR1/2 antagonism. PMID:25254640

  20. Aftershock relocation and frequency-size distribution, stress inversion and seismotectonic setting of the 7 August 2013 M = 5.4 earthquake in Kallidromon Mountain, central Greece

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ganas, Athanassios; Karastathis, Vassilios; Moshou, Alexandra; Valkaniotis, Sotirios; Mouzakiotis, Evangelos; Papathanassiou, George

    2014-03-01

    On August 7, 2013 a moderate earthquake (NOA ML = 5.1, NOA Mw = 5.4) occurred in central Kallidromon Mountain, in the Pthiotis region of central Greece. 2270 aftershocks were relocated using a modified 1-D velocity model for this area. The b-value of the aftershock sequence was b = 0.85 for a completeness magnitude of Mc = 1.7. The rate of aftershock decay was determined at p = 0.63. The spatial distribution of the aftershock sequence points towards the reactivation of a N70° ± 10°E striking normal fault at crustal depths between 8 and 13 km. A NNW-SSE cross-section imaged the activation of a steep, south dipping normal fault. A stress inversion analysis of 12 focal mechanisms showed that the minimum horizontal stress is extensional at N173°E. No primary surface ruptures were observed in the field; however, the earthquake caused severe damage in the villages of the Kallidromon area. The imaged fault strike and the orientation of the long-axis of the aftershock sequence distribution are both at a high-angle to the strike of known active faults in this area of central Greece. We interpret the Kallidromon seismic sequence as release of extensional seismic strain on secondary, steep faults inside the Fokida-Viotia crustal block.

  1. In-situ TEM on (de)hydrogenation of Pd at 0.5-4.5 bar hydrogen pressure and 20-400°C.

    PubMed

    Yokosawa, Tadahiro; Alan, Tuncay; Pandraud, Gregory; Dam, Bernard; Zandbergen, Henny

    2012-01-01

    We have developed a nanoreactor, sample holder and gas system for in-situ transmission electron microscopy (TEM) of hydrogen storage materials up to at least 4.5 bar. The MEMS-based nanoreactor has a microheater, two electron-transparent windows and a gas inlet and outlet. The holder contains various O-rings to have leak-tight connections with the nanoreactor. The system was tested with the (de)hydrogenation of Pd at pressures up to 4.5 bar. The Pd film consisted of islands being 15 nm thick and 50-500 nm wide. In electron diffraction mode we observed reproducibly a crystal lattice expansion and shrinkage owing to hydrogenation and dehydrogenation, respectively. In selected-area electron diffraction and bright/dark-field modes the (de)hydrogenation of individual Pd particles was followed. Some Pd islands are consistently hydrogenated faster than others. When thermally cycled, thermal hysteresis of about 10-16°C between hydrogen absorption and desorption was observed for hydrogen pressures of 0.5-4.5 bar. Experiments at 0.8 bar and 3.2 bar showed that the (de)hydrogenation temperature is not affected by the electron beam. This result shows that this is a fast method to investigate hydrogen storage materials with information at the nanometer scale. PMID:22088507

  2. Study of the Activity of 3-benzyl-5-(4-chloro-arylazo)-4-thioxo-imidazolidin-2-one against Schistosomiasis Mansoni in Mice

    PubMed Central

    da Silva, Andréa Cristina Apolinário; Neves, Juliana Kelle de Andrade Lemoine; Irmão, João Inácio; Costa, Vláudia Maria Assis; Souza, Valdênia Maria Oliveira; de Medeiros, Paloma Lys; da Silva, Eliete Cavalcanti; de Lima, Maria do Carmo Alves; Pitta, Ivan da Rocha; Albuquerque, Mônica Camelo Pessoa de Azevedo; Galdino, Suely Lins

    2012-01-01

    Previous studies conducted with the imidazolidinic derivative 3-benzyl-5-(4-chloro-arylazo)-4-thioxo-imidazolidin-2-one (LPSF-PT05) show outstanding activity against adult Schistosoma mansoni worms in vitro. In the first phase of this study, S. mansoni-infected mice were treated, orally, with 100 mg/Kg of the LPSF-PT05 in three formulations: Tween 80 and saline solution, oil/water (70 : 30) emulsion, and solid dispersion with polyethylene glycol (PEG). In the second phase, three other doses of the LPSF-PT05 in PEG were tested: 3, 10, 30 mg/kg. These treatment regimens significantly reduced the number of recovered worms due to increases in the solubility of the compound in this formulation; the greatest reduction (70.5%) was observed at the dose of 100 mg/kg. There was no changes in the pattern of mature egg compared to immature eggs; however there was a significant increase in the number of dead eggs. Histopathological analysis of liver tissue showed changes in morphological aspects of the hepatic parenchyma with decrease exudative-productive hepatic granuloma stages, although we found no significant differences in IFN-γ, IL-4, IL-10, or NO production in response to the specific antigen SEA. The results show the derivative LPSF-PT05 to be a potential candidate in the etiological treatment of schistosomiasis with a possible dampening effect of the granulomatous process. PMID:22623908

  3. TSG (2,3,5,4'-Tetrahydroxystilbene-2-O- β -D-glucoside) from the Chinese Herb Polygonum multiflorum Increases Life Span and Stress Resistance of Caenorhabditis elegans.

    PubMed

    Büchter, Christian; Zhao, Liang; Havermann, Susannah; Honnen, Sebastian; Fritz, Gerhard; Proksch, Peter; Wätjen, Wim

    2015-01-01

    2,3,5,4'-Tetrahydroxystilbene-2-O-β-D-glucoside (TSG) was isolated from Polygonum multiflorum, a plant which is traditionally used as an anti-ageing drug. We have analysed ageing-related effects of TSG in the model organism C. elegans in comparison to resveratrol. TSG exerted a high antioxidative capacity both in a cell-free assay and in the nematode. The antioxidative capacity was even higher compared to resveratrol. Presumably due to its antioxidative effects, treatment with TSG decreased the juglone-mediated induction of the antioxidative enzyme SOD-3; the induction of the GST-4 by juglone was diminished slightly. TSG increased the resistance of C. elegans against lethal thermal stress more prominently than resveratrol (50 μM TSG increased mean survival by 22.2%). The level of the ageing pigment lipofuscin was decreased after incubation with the compound. TSG prolongs the mean, median, and maximum adult life span of C. elegans by 23.5%, 29.4%, and 7.2%, respectively, comparable to the effects of resveratrol. TSG-mediated extension of life span was not abolished in a DAF-16 loss-of-function mutant strain showing that this ageing-related transcription factor is not involved in the effects of TSG. Our data show that TSG possesses a potent antioxidative capacity, enhances the stress resistance, and increases the life span of the nematode C. elegans. PMID:26075030

  4. 5-4-3-2-1 go! Coordinating pediatric resident education and community health promotion to address the obesity epidemic in children and youth.

    PubMed

    Stahl, Christiane Ellen; Necheles, Jonathan Wolf; Mayefsky, Jay Hirsh; Wright, Lydia Katherine; Rankin, Kristin Michele

    2011-03-01

    This study investigated the feasibility and effectiveness of training pediatric residents to conduct a brief clinic-based behavioral intervention in coordination with community dissemination of a health promotion message developed by the Consortium for Lowering Obesity in Chicago Children. A total of 113 residents completed a short (<60 minutes) online training program. Some (64) residents distributed interview contact cards to patients they saw in their continuity of care clinics after training; others (45) distributed cards before training. A researcher interviewed 75% of the 509 patients 4 weeks after the visit. More patients of trained residents reported positive changes in behaviors which have been associated with lower obesity rates: increased intake of fruits and vegetables (28% vs 16%, P < .01), increased intake of water (30% vs 19%, P < .01), increased physical activity (40% vs 29%, P < .03), and decreased television time (36% vs 24%, P < .01). Brief training using the 5-4-3-2-1-Go! message seems to be feasible and effective. PMID:21098524

  5. Synthesis and Biological Screening of 5-{[(4,6-Disubstituted pyrimidine-2-yl)thio]methyl}-N-phenyl-1,3,4-thiadiazol-2-amines

    PubMed Central

    Azam, M. A.; Kumar, B. R. P.; Shalini, S.; Suresh, B.; Reddy, T. K.; Reddy, C. D.

    2008-01-01

    A number of substituted-α,β-unsaturated carbonyl compounds (1a-i) were prepared by Claisen-Schmidt condensation of substituted acetophenone with selected araldehydes, which on cycloaddition with thiourea furnished 4,6-disubstituted pyrimidine-2-thiols (2a-i). Reaction of (2a-i) with ethyl chloroacetate followed by condensation with hydrazine hydrate yielded 2-[(4,6-disubstituted pyrimidine-2-yl) thio] acetohydrazides (4a-c). Condensation of compounds (4a-c) with phenyl isothiocyanate gave 2-{[(4,6-disubstituted pyrimidine-2-yl) thio] acetyl}-N-phenylhydrazinecarbothioamides (5a-c) which on treatment with concentrated sulphuric acid afforded titled compounds 5-{(4,6-disubstituted pyrimidine-2-yl) thio] methyl}-N-phenyl-1,3,4-thiadiazole-2-amines (6a-c). These compounds have been characterized on the basis of elemental analysis, IR, 1H NMR and MS. Compounds have been evaluated for their anticancer and antioxidant activities. Compounds 2b, 2c and 6b exhibited significant antitumor activity against human breast cancer MCF 7 cell line. However, moderate antioxidant activity was observed with compounds 2c, 2d, 2g and 6b. PMID:21394274

  6. Electrical characterization of 5.4 MeV alpha-particle irradiated 4H-SiC with low doping density

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Paradzah, A. T.; Auret, F. D.; Legodi, M. J.; Omotoso, E.; Diale, M.

    2015-09-01

    Nickel Schottky diodes were fabricated on 4H-SiC. The diodes had excellent current rectification with about ten orders of magnitude between -50 V and +2 V. The ideality factor was obtained as 1.05 which signifies the dominance of the thermionic emission process in charge transport across the barrier. Deep level transient spectroscopy revealed the presence of four deep level defects in the 30-350 K temperature range. The diodes were then irradiated with 5.4 MeV alpha particles up to fluence of 2.6 × 1010 cm-2. Current-voltage and capacitance-voltage measurements revealed degraded diode characteristics after irradiation. DLTS revealed the presence of three more energy levels with activation enthalpies of 0.42 eV, 0.62 eV and 0.76 eV below the conduction band. These levels were however only realized after annealing the irradiated sample at 200 °C and they annealed out at 400 °C. The defect depth concentration was determined for some of the observed defects.

  7. A novel DNA intercalator, butylamino-pyrimido[4',5':4,5]selenolo(2,3-b)quinoline, induces cell cycle arrest and apoptosis in leukemic cells.

    PubMed

    Shahabuddin, M S; Nambiar, Mridula; Choudhary, Bibha; Advirao, Gopal M; Raghavan, Sathees C

    2010-02-01

    DNA intercalators are one of the most commonly used chemotherapeutic agents. Novel intercalating compounds of pyrimido[4',5':4,5]selenolo(2,3-b)quinoline series having a butylamino or piperazino group at fourth position (BPSQ and PPSQ, respectively) are studied. Our results showed that BPSQ induced cytotoxicity whereas PPSQ was cytostatic. The cytotoxicity induced by BPSQ was concentration- and time-dependent. Cell cycle analysis and tritiated thymidine assay revealed that BPSQ affects the cell cycle progression by arresting at S phase. The absence of p-histone H3 and reduction in the levels of PCNA in the cells treated with BPSQ further confirmed the cell cycle arrest. Further, annexin V staining, DNA fragmentation, nuclear condensation and changes in the expression levels of BCL2/BAD confirmed the activation of apoptosis. Activation of caspase 8 and lack of cleavage of caspase 9, caspase 3 and PARP suggest the possibility of BPSQ triggering extrinsic pathway for induction of apoptosis, which is discussed. Hence, we have identified a novel compound which would have clinical relevance in cancer chemotherapeutics. PMID:19142583

  8. Mesonic Form Factors

    SciTech Connect

    Frederic D. R. Bonnet; Robert G. Edwards; George T. Fleming; Randal Lewis; David Richards

    2003-07-22

    We have started a program to compute the electromagnetic form factors of mesons. We discuss the techniques used to compute the pion form factor and present preliminary results computed with domain wall valence fermions on MILC asqtad lattices, as well as Wilson fermions on quenched lattices. These methods can easily be extended to rho-to-gamma-pi transition form factors.

  9. Method for forming ammonia

    DOEpatents

    Kong, Peter C.; Pink, Robert J.; Zuck, Larry D.

    2008-08-19

    A method for forming ammonia is disclosed and which includes the steps of forming a plasma; providing a source of metal particles, and supplying the metal particles to the plasma to form metal nitride particles; and providing a substance, and reacting the metal nitride particles with the substance to produce ammonia, and an oxide byproduct.

  10. Forms in Space.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Moore, Paula

    1998-01-01

    Uses the work of M. C. Escher to instruct upper elementary students in the transformation of flat shape into three-dimensional form. Outlines the lesson as a series of sections: (1) reviewing form drawing; (2) creating three-dimensional effects; (3) imagining the forms in an inhabited world; and (4) using color and shading. (DSK)

  11. 2,4-Diamino-5-(4-chloro­phen­yl)-6-ethyl­pyrimidin-1-ium 2-propanamido­benzoate

    PubMed Central

    Natarajan, Sampath; Mathews, Rita

    2011-01-01

    In the title salt, C12H14ClN4 +·C10H10NO3 −, zwitterionic N—H⋯O inter­actions form an R 2 2(8) ring. The crystal structure is stabilized by N—H⋯O and N—H⋯N hydrogen bonds involving two different eight-membered rings. An N—H⋯O inter­action occurs between the pyrimidine ring (donor) and carboxyl­ate group (acceptor) while the other ring is formed by N—H⋯N inter­actions, which form a dimer between two symmetry-related salts. An intra­molecular N—H⋯O hydrogen bond forms a six-membered ring in the benzoate. Inter­molecular C—H⋯O inter­actions are also observed. PMID:22065507

  12. 2,4-Diamino-5-(4-chloro­phen­yl)-6-ethyl­pyrimidin-1-ium 2-acet­amido­benzoate

    PubMed Central

    Natarajan, Sampath; Mathews, Rita

    2011-01-01

    The title compound, C12H14ClN4 +·C9H8NO3 −, is a salt with a 1:1 ratio of cation and anion components inter­acting with each other forming an R 2 2(8) ring motif. The crystal structure is stabilized by hydrogen bonds (N—H⋯O) involving two different eight-membered rings. One of them is formed between the pyrimidine ring (donor) and the carboxylate group (acceptor) from the benzoate, whereas the other ring is formed by N—H⋯O interactions, which help to form a dimer between two symmetry-related salts in the unit cell. In addition, an intramolecular C—H⋯N and intermolecular C—H⋯Cl interactions help to control the molecules in the unit-cell packing. PMID:22065484

  13. Methods of forming steel

    DOEpatents

    Branagan, Daniel J.; Burch, Joseph V.

    2001-01-01

    In one aspect, the invention encompasses a method of forming a steel. A metallic glass is formed and at least a portion of the glass is converted to a crystalline steel material having a nanocrystalline scale grain size. In another aspect, the invention encompasses another method of forming a steel. A molten alloy is formed and cooled the alloy at a rate which forms a metallic glass. The metallic glass is devitrified to convert the glass to a crystalline steel material having a nanocrystalline scale grain size. In yet another aspect, the invention encompasses another method of forming a steel. A first metallic glass steel substrate is provided, and a molten alloy is formed over the first metallic glass steel substrate to heat and devitrify at least some of the underlying metallic glass of the substrate.

  14. The regulatory effect of SC-236 (4-[5-(4-chlorophenyl)-3-(trifluoromethyl)-1-pyrazol-1-l] benzenesulfonamide) on stem cell factor induced migration of mast cells

    SciTech Connect

    Kim, Su-Jin; Jeong, Hyun-Ja; Park, Rae-Kil; Lee, Kang-Min; Kim, Hyung-Min; Um, Jae-Young; Hong, Seung-Heon . E-mail: jooklim@wonkwang.ac.kr

    2007-04-15

    SC-236 (4-[5-(4-chlorophenyl)-3-(trifluoromethyl)-1-pyrazol-1-]benzenesulfonamide; C{sub 16}H{sub 11}ClF{sub 3}N{sub 3}O{sub 2}S), is a highly selective cyclooxygenase (COX)-2 inhibitor. Recently, there have been reports that SC-236 protects against cartilage damage in addition to reducing inflammation and pain in osteoarthritis. However, the mechanism involved in the inflammatory allergic reaction has not been examined. Mast cells accumulation can be related to inflammatory conditions, including allergic rhinitis, asthma, and rheumatoid arthritis. The aim of the present study is to investigate the effects of SC-236 on stem cell factor (SCF)-induced migration, morphological alteration, and cytokine production of rat peritoneal mast cells (RPMCs). We observed that SCF significantly induced the migration and morphological alteration. The ability of SCF to enhance migration and morphological alteration was abolished by treatment with SC-236. In addition, production of tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-{alpha}, interleukin (IL)-1{beta}, and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) production induced by SCF was significantly inhibited by treatment with SC-236. Previous work has demonstrated that SCF-induced migration and cytokine production of mast cells require p38 MAPK activation. We also showed that SC-236 suppresses the SCF-induced p38 MAPK activation in RPMCs. These data suggest that SC-236 inhibits migration and cytokine production through suppression of p38 MAPK activation. These results provided new insight into the pharmacological actions of SC-236 and its potential therapeutic role in the treatment of inflammatory allergic diseases.

  15. Quantum chemical computational studies on 5-(4-bromophenylamino)-2-methylsulfanylmethyl-2H-1,2,3-triazol-4-carboxylic acid ethyl ester

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tokatlı, Ahmet; Özen, Emrah; Ucun, Fatih; Bahçeli, Semiha

    2011-03-01

    The optimized molecular geometry, vibrational frequencies, and gauge including atomic orbital (GIAO) 1H and 13C NMR shift values of 5-(4-bromophenylamino)-2-methylsulfanylmethyl-2H-1,2,3-triazol-4-carboxylic acid ethyl ester have been calculated by using Hartree-Fock (HF) and density functional method (DFT/B3LYP) with 6-31G(d), 6-31G(d,p) and LANL2DZ basis sets. The optimized molecular geometric parameters were presented and compared with the data obtained from X-ray diffraction. In order to fit the calculated harmonic wavenumbers to the experimentally observed ones, scaled quantum mechanics force field (SQM FF) methodology was proceeded. Correlation factors between the experimental and calculated 1H chemical shift values of the title compound in vacuum and in CHCl 3 solution by using the conductor-like screening continuum solvation model (COSMO) were reported. The calculated results showed that the optimized geometry well reproduces the crystal structure. The theoretical vibrational frequencies and chemical shifts are in very good agreement with the experimental data. In solvent media the energetic behavior of the title compound was also examined by using the B3LYP method with the 6-31G(d) basis set, applying the COSMO model. The obtained results indicated that the total energy of the title compound decreases with increasing polarity of the solvent. Furthermore, molecular electrostatic potential (MEP), natural bond orbital (NBO) and frontier molecular orbitals (FMOs) of the title compound were performed by the B3LYP/LANL2DZ method, and also thermodynamic parameters for the title compound were calculated at all the HF and B3LYP levels.

  16. Structural variations and photoluminescent properties of a series of metal-organic frameworks constructed from 5-(4-carboxybenzoylamino)-isophthalic acid

    SciTech Connect

    Zhao, Wen; Zhang, Li-Juan; Zhao, Xiao-Li

    2013-06-01

    Five new metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) with 5-(4-carboxybenzoylamino)-isophthalic acid (H₃L), namely, [Cd₉L₆(DMA)₆]·4DMA (1), [Cd₃L₂(H₂O)₉]·4H₂O (2), [LaL(H₂O)₄]·2H₂O (3), [CeL(H₂O)₄]·H₂O (4) and [Tb(HL)(H₂L)(H₂O)₃]·5H₂O (5) (DMA=N,N-dimethylacetamide), have been synthesized. Complex 1 shows a three-dimensional architecture generated from linkage of Cd–O chains via L³⁻ ligands. Minor variations in synthetic conditions of 1 afforded 2, which features an interesting 2D→3D catenation architecture containing helical chains. Complexes 3 and 4 are isostructural and each feature a two-dimensional architecture constructed from the linkage of L³⁻ with Ln³⁺. Complex 5 displays a chain-like structure, of which the most interesting feature is the existence of free carboxylic acid (–COOH) group which may confer unique functionality. Moreover, the investigations of the thermal stability, powder X-ray diffractions and solid-state photoluminescent properties for these crystalline materials have been carried out. - Graphical Abstract: Solvothermal reactions of tricarboxylate ligand H₃L with Cd²⁺/Ln³⁺ has yielded a series of new MOFs containing interesting structural motifs. Highlights: • A tricarboxylate ligand whose coordinating functionalities are not symmetry equivalent is employed to construct MOFs. • Complex 2 features an interesting 2D→3D catenation architecture containing helical chains. • Complex 3 feature chain-like structure containing free – COOH group, which may confer unique functionality. • Photoluminescent properties and thermal behaviors for 1–5 have been reported.

  17. Discovery of a Millisecond Pulsar in the 5.4 day Binary 3FGL J1417.5-4402: Observing the Late Phase of Pulsar Recycling

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Camilo, F.; Reynolds, J. E.; Ransom, S. M.; Halpern, J. P.; Bogdanov, S.; Kerr, M.; Ray, P. S.; Cordes, J. M.; Sarkissian, J.; Barr, E. D.; Ferrara, E. C.

    2016-03-01

    In a search of the unidentified Fermi gamma-ray source 3FGL J1417.5-4402 with the Parkes radio telescope, we discovered PSR J1417-4402, a 2.66 ms pulsar having the same 5.4 day orbital period as the optical and X-ray binary identified by Strader et al. The existence of radio pulsations implies that the neutron star is currently not accreting. Substantial outflows from the companion render the radio pulsar undetectable for more than half of the orbit, and may contribute to the observed Hα emission. Our initial pulsar observations, together with the optically inferred orbit and inclination, imply a mass ratio of 0.171 ± 0.002, a companion mass of {M}2=0.33+/- 0.03 M⊙, and a neutron star mass in the range 1.77≤slant {M}1≤slant 2.13 M⊙. However, there remains a discrepancy between the distance of 4.4 kpc inferred from the optical properties of the companion and the smaller radio dispersion measure distance of 1.6 kpc. The smaller distance would reduce the inferred Roche-lobe filling factor, increase the inferred inclination angle, and decrease the masses. As a wide binary, PSR J1417-4402 differs from the radio-eclipsing black widow and redback pulsars being discovered in large numbers by Fermi. It is probably a system that began mass transfer onto the neutron star after the companion star left the main sequence. The companion should end its evolution as a He white dwarf in a 6-20 day orbit, i.e., as a typical binary millisecond pulsar companion.

  18. 2,3,5,4'-tetrahydroxystilbene-2-O-β-D-glucoside suppresses human colorectal cancer cell metastasis through inhibiting NF-κB activation.

    PubMed

    Lin, Chien-Liang; Hsieh, Shu-Ling; Leung, Wan; Jeng, Jiiang-Huei; Huang, Guan-Cheng; Lee, Chining-Ting; Wu, Chih-Chung

    2016-08-01

    2,3,5,4'-tetrahydroxystilbene-2-O-β-D-glucoside (THSG), a major component of Polygonum multiflorum Thunb (He-Shou-Wu), has been reported to exhibit antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effects. However, its anti-metastatic effect against colorectal cancer is still unclear. In this study, cell migration, invasion and adhesion abilities as well as metastasis-associated protein and NF-κB pathway signaling factor expression were analyzed after treating HT-29 cells with THSG. According to the results, the migration and invasiveness of HT-29 cells were reduced after treatment with 5 or 10 mM THSG (p<0.05). Additionally, the levels of matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2) and phosphorylated VE-cadherin in HT-29 cells were reduced and the transepithelial electrical resistance (TEER) of EA.hy926 endothelial cell monolayers was increased after incubation in THSG for 24 h (p<0.05). Cell adhesion ability and the E-selectin and intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) protein levels were reduced when EA.hy926 endothelial cells were treated with THSG (p<0.05). In addition, the cytoplasmic phosphorylation of IκB, the nuclear p65 level and the DNA-binding activity of NF-κB were reduced after treating HT-29 or EA.hy926 cells with 5 or 10 mM THSG (p<0.05). These results suggest that THSG inhibits HT-29 cell metastasis by suppressing cell migration, invasion and adhesion. Furthermore, THSG inhibits metastasis-associated protein expression by suppressing NF-κB pathway activation. PMID:27278328

  19. Dynamic triggering of creep events in the Salton Trough, Southern California by regional M ≥ 5.4 earthquakes constrained by geodetic observations and numerical simulations

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wei, Meng; Liu, Yajing; Kaneko, Yoshihiro; McGuire, Jeffrey J.; Bilham, Roger

    2015-10-01

    Since a regional earthquake in 1951, shallow creep events on strike-slip faults within the Salton Trough, Southern California have been triggered at least 10 times by M ≥ 5.4 earthquakes within 200 km. The high earthquake and creep activity and the long history of digital recording within the Salton Trough region provide a unique opportunity to study the mechanism of creep event triggering by nearby earthquakes. Here, we document the history of fault creep events on the Superstition Hills Fault based on data from creepmeters, InSAR, and field surveys since 1988. We focus on a subset of these creep events that were triggered by significant nearby earthquakes. We model these events by adding realistic static and dynamic perturbations to a theoretical fault model based on rate- and state-dependent friction. We find that the static stress changes from the causal earthquakes are less than 0.1 MPa and too small to instantaneously trigger creep events. In contrast, we can reproduce the characteristics of triggered slip with dynamic perturbations alone. The instantaneous triggering of creep events depends on the peak and the time-integrated amplitudes of the dynamic Coulomb stress change. Based on observations and simulations, the stress change amplitude required to trigger a creep event of a 0.01-mm surface slip is about 0.6 MPa. This threshold is at least an order of magnitude larger than the reported triggering threshold of non-volcanic tremors (2-60 kPa) and earthquakes in geothermal fields (5 kPa) and near shale gas production sites (0.2-0.4 kPa), which may result from differences in effective normal stress, fault friction, the density of nucleation sites in these systems, or triggering mechanisms. We conclude that shallow frictional heterogeneity can explain both the spontaneous and dynamically triggered creep events on the Superstition Hills Fault.

  20. Determination of Z-3,5,4'-trimethoxystilbene in rat plasma by a simple HPLC method: application in a pre-clinical pharmacokinetic study.

    PubMed

    Lin, Hai-Shu; Zhang, Wei; Go, Mei Lin; Choo, Qiu-Yi; Ho, Paul C

    2010-11-01

    A simple HPLC method had been developed and validated to quantify Z-3,5,4'-trimethoxystilbene (Z-TMS), a phyto-stilbene with potent anti-cancer activities in rat plasma. Chromatographic separation was achieved on a reversed phase-HPLC column, which was protected by a guard column through a 13.5-min gradient delivery of a mixture of acetonitrile and water at a flow rate of 1.5 ml/min at 50 degrees C. The UV absorbance at 300 nm was recorded. Z-TMS and E-stilbene (internal standard) eluted at 8.8 and 9.3 min, respectively. The calibration curve was linear within the range of 33-2500 ng/ml (R(2)>0.9995) and 10 ng/ml was the lower limit of detection. The intra- and inter-day precisions were good and the relative standard deviation was all lower than 10%. The analytical recovery of Z-TMS in plasma ranged from 94.6+/-9.1% to 97.0+/-2.1%. This HPLC method was successfully applied to assess the pharmacokinetic profile of Z-TMS in Sprague-Dawley rats using hydroxypropyl-beta-cyclodextrin (HP-beta-CyD) as a dosing vehicle. Although Z-TMS displayed negligible oral bioavailability, it had a fairly long terminal elimination half-life, abundant plasma drug exposure and limited clearance following intravenous administration. As Z-TMS had favorable intravenous pharmacokinetic profile, further investigation on its potential as a cancer chemotherapeutic agent is warranted. PMID:20427141

  1. 5-(4-hydroxy-3-dimethoxybenzylidene)-rhodanine (RD-1)-improved mitochondrial function prevents anxiety- and depressive-like states induced by chronic corticosterone injections in mice.

    PubMed

    Yang, Nan; Ren, Zhili; Zheng, Ji; Feng, Lu; Li, Dongmei; Gao, Kai; Zhang, Lianfeng; Liu, Yanyong; Zuo, Pingping

    2016-06-01

    Most current pharmacologic antidepressant treatments target monoaminergic systems confronts some problems such as low rate of remission and high risk for relapse indicating new therapeutic strategy is urgently need. Evidences showed that impairments in mitochondrial function were associated with the pathogenesis of mood disorders and improvement in its function may be a novel therapeutic choice. In the present study, effects of 5-(4-hydroxy-3-dimethoxybenzylidene)-2-thioxo-4-thiazolidinone (RD-1) were investigated in mice model of depression/anxiety induced by corticosterone (20 mg/kg) subcutaneously repeated injections in 5-week male BALB/c mice. Our results showed that five weeks of corticosterone administration induced anxiety/depressive-like behavioral changes, including decreased central activities in open field test, increased the immobility time in forced swimming test and the latency in the novelty-suppressed feeding test, as well as reduced bodyweight. Results showed that oral administration with RD-1 at the doses of 25, 50, and 100 mg/kg for five weeks significantly improved the anxiety/depressive-like behavioral changes induced by corticosterone. In glucose metabolism analysis by photon emission computed tomography/-computed tomography (PET/CT) imaging, corticosterone significantly deactivated the prefrontal cortex (PFC), temporal lobe and hippocampus. RD-1 treatment obviously improved the energy metabolism in the involved brain regions. In primary cultured hippocampal neuron, corticosterone reduced speed of anterograde transport, yet speed of retrograde transport was increased. Furthermore, RD-1 enhanced the mitochondrial anterograde transport to supply energy for the neurotransmitter release. In conclusion, RD-1 prevents anxiety/depressive-like behavior of mice induced by corticosterone repeated injections with novel mechanism of improvement in the mitochondrial function. PMID:26926430

  2. Search for Randall-Sundrum Gravitons in Dielectron and Diphoton Final States with 5.4fb-1 of D0 Data

    SciTech Connect

    Zhou, Ning; /Columbia U.

    2010-03-01

    A search for the lightest Kaluza-Klein mode of the graviton in the Randall-Sundrum model with a warped extra dimension is performed in the dielectron and diphoton channels. The data set used for the search corresponds to 5.4 fb{sup -1} of data from p{bar p} collisions at a center-of-mass energy of 1.96 TeV, collected with the D0 detector at the Fermilab Tevatron between July 2002 and Summer 2009. We search for resonances in the invariant mass spectrum of two electromagnetic showers from the decay of the graviton to either electron-positron pairs or photon pairs. To optimize the sensitivity, the dielectron and diphoton channels are analyzed separately, then the results are combined together in the end. We also investigate whether, due to the unique spin-2 nature of the graviton, the angular distribution of the final state particles can be used to significantly enhance the sensitivity of the search. We set 95% confidence level upper limits on the graviton production cross section times branching fraction into electron-positron pairs of between {approx} 7 fb and {approx} 0.5 fb for a range of graviton masses from 220 GeV and 1050 GeV, respectively. Compared with Randall-Sundrum model predictions, these results correspond to lower limits on the lightest graviton mass between 440 GeV and 1040 GeV, for the dimensionless graviton coupling to the Standard Model fields k/{bar M}{sub Pl} in the range from 0.01 to 0.1. In addition, for coupling k/{bar M}{sub Pl} of 0.01, gravitons with masses between 460 GeV and 560 GeV are also excluded at 95% confidence level. These results represent the most sensitive limits to date.

  3. (Z)-3,5,4'-Trimethoxystilbene Limits Hepatitis C and Cancer Pathophysiology by Blocking Microtubule Dynamics and Cell-Cycle Progression.

    PubMed

    Nguyen, Charles B; Kotturi, Hari; Waris, Gulam; Mohammed, Altaf; Chandrakesan, Parthasarathy; May, Randal; Sureban, Sripathi; Weygant, Nathaniel; Qu, Dongfeng; Rao, Chinthalapally V; Dhanasekaran, Danny N; Bronze, Michael S; Houchen, Courtney W; Ali, Naushad

    2016-08-15

    Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the third most common cause of cancer-related deaths worldwide. Chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection causes induction of several tumors/cancer stem cell (CSC) markers and is known to be a major risk factor for development of HCC. Therefore, drugs that simultaneously target viral replication and CSC properties are needed for a risk-free treatment of advanced stage liver diseases, including HCC. Here, we demonstrated that (Z)-3,5,4'-trimethoxystilbene (Z-TMS) exhibits potent antitumor and anti-HCV activities without exhibiting cytotoxicity to human hepatocytes in vitro or in mice livers. Diethylnitrosamine (DEN)/carbon tetrachloride (CCl4) extensively induced expression of DCLK1 (a CSC marker) in the livers of C57BL/6 mice following hepatic injury. Z-TMS exhibited hepatoprotective effects against DEN/CCl4-induced injury by reducing DCLK1 expression and improving histologic outcomes. The drug caused bundling of DCLK1 with microtubules and blocked cell-cycle progression at G2-M phase in hepatoma cells via downregulation of CDK1, induction of p21(cip1/waf1) expression, and inhibition of Akt (Ser(473)) phosphorylation. Z-TMS also inhibited proliferation of erlotinib-resistant lung adenocarcinoma cells (H1975) bearing the T790M EGFR mutation, most likely by promoting autophagy and nuclear fragmentation. In conclusion, Z-TMS appears to be a unique therapeutic agent targeting HCV and concurrently eliminating cells with neoplastic potential during chronic liver diseases, including HCC. It may also be a valuable drug for targeting drug-resistant carcinomas and cancers of the lungs, pancreas, colon, and intestine, in which DCLK1 is involved in tumorigenesis. Cancer Res; 76(16); 4887-96. ©2016 AACR. PMID:27287718

  4. Thiazolo[5,4-d]thiazole-2,5-dicarboxylic acid, C 6H 2N 2O 4S 2, and its coordination polymers

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Aprea, Alessia; Colombo, Valentina; Galli, Simona; Masciocchi, Norberto; Maspero, Angelo; Palmisano, Giovanni

    2010-05-01

    Thiazolo[5,4-d]thiazole-2,5-dicarboxylic acid, C 6H 2N 2O 4S 2, was isolated as a polycrystalline material, and its crystal structure was determined by ab-initio X-ray powder diffraction (XRPD) methods. This species, upon deprotonation, was subsequently used in preparing the new coordination polymers Ag 2(C 6N 2O 4S 2), Mn(C 6N 2O 4S 2)(H 2O) 2, Co(C 6N 2O 4S 2)(H 2O) 2, Cu(C 6N 2O 4S 2)(H 2O) and Zn(C 6N 2O 4S 2)(H 2O) 2, fully characterized by analytical, thermal and XRPD structural methods - including in situ thermodiffractometry and simultaneous TGA and DSC. In the first-row transition metal derivatives, the [C 6N 2O 4S 2] 2- anion systematically prefers the N, O-chelating, vs. the expected O, O'-bridging, coordination mode, not allowing the formation of porous 3D frameworks. Indeed, these species are dense 1D coordination polymers. At variance, the silver derivative possesses a complex, dense 3D framework, due to the presence of μ 6-[C 6N 2O 4S 2] 2- ligands showing two μ 2-bridging carboxylates and two monohapto N-donor sites. When dehydration is viable, materials of E n(C 6N 2O 4S 2) formulation are irreversibly recovered ( n = 1 for E = Mn, Co, Zn, Cu; n = 2, for E = H).

  5. Crystal structure of 4-({(1E,2E)-3-[3-(4-fluoro­phen­yl)-1-isopropyl-1H-indol-2-yl]allyl­idene}amino)-5-methyl-1H-1,2,4-triazole-5(4H)-thione

    PubMed Central

    Kulkarni, Ajaykumar D.; Rahman, Md. Lutfor; Mohd. Yusoff, Mashitah; Kwong, Huey Chong; Quah, Ching Kheng

    2015-01-01

    The title compound, C23H22FN5S, exists in a trans conformation with respect to the methene C=C and the acyclic N=C bonds. The 1,2,4-triazole-5(4H)-thione ring makes dihedral angles of 88.66 (9) and 84.51 (10)°, respectively, with the indole and benzene rings. In the crystal, mol­ecules are linked by pairs of N—H⋯S hydrogen bonds, forming inversion dimers with an R 2 2(8) ring motif. The dimers are linked via C—H⋯π inter­actions, forming chains along [1-10]. The chains are linked via π—π inter­actions involving inversion-related triazole rings [centroid–centroid distance = 3.4340 (13) Å], forming layers parallel to the ab plane. PMID:26594522

  6. Crystal structure of (5-chloro-2-hy-droxy-phen-yl)(3-methyl-isoxazolo[5,4-b]pyridin-5-yl)methanone.

    PubMed

    Raja, Rajamani; Poomathi, Nataraj; Perumal, Paramasivam T; SubbiahPandi, A

    2015-11-01

    In the title compound, C14H9ClN2O3, the fused pyridine and isoxazole rings are approximately planar, making a dihedral angle of 1.14 (16)°. The mol-ecule is twisted with the benzene ring and the mean plane through the fused pyridine-isoxazole ring system being inclined to one another by 47.03 (13)°. There is an intra-molecular O-H⋯O hydrogen bond forming an S(6) ring motif. In the crystal, mol-ecules are linked by C-H⋯N hydrogen bonds, forming chains propagating along [001]. The chains are linked by slipped parallel π-π inter-actions, involving inversion-related benzene rings, forming slabs lying parallel to the bc plane {inter-centroid distance = 3.770 (2) Å]. PMID:26594574

  7. Crystal structure of 2-(adamantan-1-yl)-5-(4-bromo-phen-yl)-1,3,4-oxa-diazole.

    PubMed

    Alzoman, Nourah Z; El-Emam, Ali A; Ghabbour, Hazem A; Chidan Kumar, C S; Fun, Hoong-Kun

    2014-12-01

    In the title mol-ecule, C18H19BrN2O, the benzene ring is inclined to the oxa-diazole ring by 10.44 (8)°. In the crystal, C-H⋯π inter-actions link the mol-ecules in a head-to-tail fashion, forming chains extending along the c-axis direction. The chains are further connected by π-π stacking inter-actions, with centroid-centroid distances of 3.6385 (7) Å, forming layers parallel to the bc plane. PMID:25553016

  8. 7-Difluoromethoxyl-5,4'-di-n-octyl genistein inhibits the stem-like characteristics of gastric cancer stem-like cells and reverses the phenotype of epithelial-mesenchymal transition in gastric cancer cells.

    PubMed

    Cao, Xiaozheng; Ren, Kaiqun; Song, Zhengwei; Li, Duo; Quan, Meifang; Zheng, Yu; Cao, Jianguo; Zeng, Wenbin; Zou, Hui

    2016-08-01

    7-Difluoromethoxyl-5,4'-di-n-octyl genistein (DFOG), a novel synthetic genistein analogue, exerts anticarcinogenic activity in several types of cancers, including gastric cancer. Accumulating evidence in recent years strongly indicates the existence of cancer stem cells in gastric cancer. The objective of the present study was to investigate whether DFOG inhibits the stemness and reverses the epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) phenotype of gastric cancer stem-like cells (GCSLCs) derived from human gastric cancer SGC-7901 cells and to identify its potential mechanism. Sphere-forming cells (SFCs) from the SGC-7901 cells possessed the properties of GCSLCs. DFOG preferentially inhibited self-renewal, cell migration and cell invasion, and downregulated the expression of stem cell biomarkers in a dose-dependent manner. At the molecular level, these effects were accompanied by the downregulation of forkhead box M1 (FoxM1). Meanwhile, FoxM1 siRNA transfection was able to synergize the inhibition of expression of FoxM1 and Twist1 induced by DFOG in GCSLCs. In addition, we found that DFOG treatment decreased the expression of N-cadherin and increased the expression of E-cadherin. More importantly, FoxM1 siRNA transfection cooperated with DFOG to suppress the self-renewal capacity, cell migration and cell invasion, and downregulated the expression of CD133, CD44, ALDH1, and also regulated the expression of N-cadherin and E-cadherin. These findings showed that DFOG inhibited the stem-like characteristics of GCSLCs and reversed the EMT phenotype by modulation of FoxM1 and further decreased Twist1 expression. Our results provide a further rationale and experimental basis for using DFOG to improve the efficacy of treatment for patients with gastric cancer. PMID:27279287

  9. The october 31 (Ml 5.4) and november 1 (Ml 5.3) Molise earthquakes (southern italy):first results from geochemistry

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Pizzino, L.; Cinti, D.; Barbieri, M.; Galli, G.; Voltattorni, N.; Quattrocchi, F.

    2003-04-01

    Two geochemical surveys have been performed in November and December 2002 in the Molise region (southern Italy) and surrounding areas struck by two moderate size earthquakes on October 31 (M_l 5.4) and on November 1 (M_l 5.3). The main goals of this study were: i) to highlight eventual variations either in the physico-chemical features or in the chemistry of thermo-mineral and cold springs (already sampled in 1997) discharging in an area located 50 km far from the epicentral one (Sannio-Matese, Campania region),; ii) to determine the chemical features of the groundwater discharging in the epicentral area, identifying the location and the extension of the various existing aquifers; iii) to collect information about eventual changes occurred in springs and wells (variations in flows, groundwater level in wells, etc.). Moreover, twice a week samplings have been carried out for two months at two important sulphurous springs (Larino spring, in the epicentral area and Telese thermo-mineral spring, in the Sannio area) in order to gather temporal chemical trend during the ongoing seismicity. We sampled a total of 35 sites (8 springs and wells in the Sannio-Matese area and 27 in the epicentral one) measuring in the field: temperature, pH, Eh, electrical conductivity, as well as radon, bicarbonate and H_2S contents. In laboratory, analyses of major, minor and trace elements have been performed, together with dissolved gas compositions. On 10 selected samples δ13C and 87/86Sr analyses are in progress. Data collected in the second survey show, for springs and wells located in the epicentral area, an evident pH and Eh increase (probably they returned to normal pre-earthquake values) together with some chemical variations; on the contrary, springs located in the Sannio-Matese area showed no variations. Local people observed sin-earthquake flow increases and variations in turbidity in two springs discharging in the epicentral area. All detected groundwater changes are discussed

  10. The october 31 (Ml 5.4) and november 1 (Ml 5.0) 2002 Molise earthquakes: first results from fluid geochemistry

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Pizzino, L.; Cinti, D.; Barbieri, M.; Galli, G.; Voltattorni, N.; Quattrocchi, F.

    2003-04-01

    Two geochemical surveys have been performed in November and December 2002 in the Molise region (southern Italy) and surrounding areas struck by two moderate size earthquakes on October 31 (M_l 5.4) and on November 1 (M_l 5.3). The main goals of this study were: i) to highlight eventual variations either in the physico-chemical features or in the chemistry of thermo-mineral and cold springs (already sampled in 1997) discharging in an area located 50 km far from the epicentral one (Sannio-Matese, Campania region),; ii) to determine the chemical features of the groundwater discharging in the epicentral area, identifying the location and the extension of the various existing aquifers; iii) to collect information about eventual changes occurred in springs and wells (variations in flows, groundwater level in wells, etc.). Moreover, twice a week samplings have been carried out for two months at two important sulphurous springs (Larino spring, in the epicentral area and Telese thermo-mineral spring, in the Sannio area) in order to gather temporal chemical trend during the ongoing seismicity. We sampled a total of 35 sites (8 springs and wells in the Sannio-Matese area and 27 in the epicentral one) measuring in the field: temperature, pH, Eh, electrical conductivity, as well as radon, bicarbonate and H_2S contents. In laboratory, analyses of major, minor and trace elements have been performed, together with dissolved gas compositions. On 10 selected samples δ13C and 87/86Sr analyses are in progress. Data collected in the second survey show, for springs and wells located in the epicentral area, an evident pH and Eh increase (probably they returned to normal pre-earthquake values) together with some chemical variations; on the contrary, springs located in the Sannio-Matese area showed no variations. Local people observed sin-earthquake flow increases and variations in turbidity in two springs discharging in the epicentral area. All detected groundwater changes are discussed

  11. Accounting Forms. Instructor's Handbook.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Itter, Pat

    Supporting performance objective of the 16 V-TECS (Vocational-Technical Education Consortium of States) Bookkeeper Catalog, this instructor's manual contains copies of accounting forms which can be used to make spirit masters or transparencies. (This module is the first in a set of ten on bookkeeping [CE 019 480-489].) Twenty forms grouped under…

  12. Method of forming nanodielectrics

    DOEpatents

    Tuncer, Enis [Knoxville, TN; Polyzos, Georgios [Oak Ridge, TN

    2014-01-07

    A method of making a nanoparticle filled dielectric material. The method includes mixing nanoparticle precursors with a polymer material and reacting the nanoparticle mixed with the polymer material to form nanoparticles dispersed within the polymer material to form a dielectric composite.

  13. 2-Methyl­sulfanyl-1,2,4-triazolo[1,5-a]quinazolin-5(4H)-one

    PubMed Central

    Al-Salahi, Rashad; Al-Omar, Mohamed; Abbas, Mohammed; Ng, Seik Weng

    2012-01-01

    The non-H atoms of the title compound, C10H8N4OS, lie approximately in a common plane (r.m.s. deviation = 0.058 Å). In the crystal, two mol­ecules are linked across a center of inversion by a pair of N—H⋯N hydrogen bonds, forming a a dimer. PMID:22719577

  14. Method for forming materials

    DOEpatents

    Tolle, Charles R.; Clark, Denis E.; Smartt, Herschel B.; Miller, Karen S.

    2009-10-06

    A material-forming tool and a method for forming a material are described including a shank portion; a shoulder portion that releasably engages the shank portion; a pin that releasably engages the shoulder portion, wherein the pin defines a passageway; and a source of a material coupled in material flowing relation relative to the pin and wherein the material-forming tool is utilized in methodology that includes providing a first material; providing a second material, and placing the second material into contact with the first material; and locally plastically deforming the first material with the material-forming tool so as mix the first material and second material together to form a resulting material having characteristics different from the respective first and second materials.

  15. In Situ Determination of Tacticity, Deactivation, and Kinetics in [rac-(C2H4(1-Indenyl)2)ZrMe][B(C6F5)4] and [Cp2ZrMe][B(C6F5)4]-Catalyzed Polymerization of 1-Hexene Using (13)C Hyperpolarized NMR.

    PubMed

    Chen, Chia-Hsiu; Shih, Wei-Chun; Hilty, Christian

    2015-06-01

    The stereochemistry, kinetics, and mechanism of olefin polymerization catalyzed by a set of zirconium-based metallocenes was studied by NMR using dissolution dynamic nuclear polarization (DNP). Hyperpolarized 1-hexene was polymerized in situ with a C2 symmetric catalyst, [(EBI)ZrMe][B(C6F5)4] (EBI = rac-(C2H4(1-indenyl)2)), and a C2v symmetric catalyst, [(Cp)2ZrMe][B(C6F5)4] (Cp = cyclopentadienyl). Hyperpolarized (13)C NMR spectra were used to characterize product tacticity following initiation of the reaction. At the same time, a signal gain of 3 orders of magnitude from (13)C hyperpolarization enabled the real time observation of catalyst-polymeryl species and deactivation products, such as vinylidene and a Zr-allyl complex. The compounds appearing in the reaction provide evidence for the existence of β-hydride elimination and formation of a dormant site via a methane-generating mechanism. The presence of a deactivating mechanism was incorporated in a model used to determine kinetic parameters of the reaction. On this basis, rate constants were measured between 0.8 and 6.7 mol % of catalyst. The concentration dependence of the rate constants obtained indicates a second-order process for polymerization concomitant with a first-order process for deactivation. The simultaneous observation of both processes in the time evolution of (13)C NMR signals over the course of several seconds underlines the utility of hyperpolarized NMR for quantifying early events in polymerization reactions. PMID:25961793

  16. Spin forming development

    SciTech Connect

    Gates, W.G.

    1982-05-01

    Bendix product applications require the capability of fabricating heavy gage, high strength materials. Five commercial sources have been identified that have the capability of spin forming metal thicknesses greater than 9.5 mm and four equiment manufacturers produce machines with this capability. Twelve assemblies selected as candidates for spin forming applications require spin forming of titanium, 250 maraging steel, 17-4 pH stainless steel, Nitronic 40 steel, 304 L stainless steel, and 6061 aluminum. Twelve parts have been cold spin formed from a 250 maraging steel 8.1 mm wall thickness machine preform, and six have been hot spin formed directly from 31.8-mm-thick flat plate. Thirty-three Ti-6Al-4V titanium alloy parts and 26 17-4 pH stainless steel parts have been hot spin formed directly from 31.8-mm-thick plate. Hot spin forming directly from plate has demonstrated the feasibility and favorable economics of this fabrication technique for Bendix applications.

  17. 3-Benzamidomethyl-4-[(E)-2-chloro­benzyl­ideneamino]-1H-1,2,4-triazole-5(4H)-thione

    PubMed Central

    Fun, Hoong-Kun; Jebas, Samuel Robinson; Rao, Jyothi N.; Kalluraya, B.

    2009-01-01

    In the title compound, C17H14ClN5OS, the dihedral angles formed by the two benzene rings with the triazole ring are 66.88 (3) and 19.16 (3)°, and the benzene rings are inclined to each other with a dihedral angle of 78.40 (3)°. Inter­molecular N—H⋯O hydrogen bonds link the mol­ecules into layers parallel to the (100) planes, and centrosymmetric π–π stacking inter­actions [centroid–centroid distance = 3.7717 (5) Å] are formed between benzene rings in neighbouring layers. PMID:21581689

  18. Crystal structure of poly[[{μ2-1,4-bis[(1H-imid­azol-1-yl)methyl]benzene}[μ6-5-(4-carboxylatophenoxy)isophthalato]-μ3-hydroxido-dicobalt(II)] 0.25-hydrate

    PubMed Central

    Li, Yaping; Sun, Dajun; Ming, Julia; Han, Liying; Su, Guanfang

    2014-01-01

    The title coordination polymer, {[Co2(C15H7O7)(OH)(C14H14N4)]·0.25H2O}n, was synthesized under hydro­thermal conditions. The asymmetric unit contains two Co2+ ions, one L 3− anion originating from 5-(4-carb­oxy­phen­oxy)isophthalic acid (H3 L), one OH− ligand, one 1,4-bis­[(1H-imidazol-l-yl)meth­yl]benzene (bix) ligand and one disordered lattice water mol­ecule (occupancy 0.25). The two Co2+ ions have different environments. One has an octa­hedral O4N2 coordin­ation sphere, defined by four O atoms from three carboxyl­ate groups and one OH− ligand, and two N atoms from two symmetry-related bix ligands. The other has a trigonal-bipyramidal O5 coordination sphere resulting from three carboxyl­ate groups and two OH− ligands. The dihedral angles between the two benzene rings in the L 3− ligand and between the benzene ring and the two imidazole rings in the bix ligand are 67.05 (15), 75.27 (17) and 82.05 (17)°, respectively. Four neighbouring Co2+ ions are linked by six carboxyl­ate groups and two μ 3-OH ligands, forming a butterfly-shaped secondary building unit (SBU). These SBUs are connected by L 3− anions into layers parallel to (1-10). Adjacent layers are cross-linked by the bix ligands, forming a three-dimensional framework that has a bimodal (3,8)-connected tfz-d topology. The disordered lattice water mol­ecule is located in the voids of the framework and has O⋯O and O⋯N contacts of 2.81 (2) and 2.95 (2) Å, suggesting medium-strength hydrogen bonds. The title compound may be a good candidate for artificial eye lenses. PMID:25484783

  19. Investigation of ULF magnetic pulsations, air conductivity changes, and infra red signatures associated with the 30 October Alum Rock M5.4 earthquake

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bleier, T.; Dunson, C.; Maniscalco, M.; Bryant, N.; Bambery, R.; Freund, F.

    2009-04-01

    Several electromagnetic signal types were observed prior to and immediately after 30 October 2007 (Local Time) M5.4 earthquake at Alum Rock, Ca with an epicenter ~15 km NE of San Jose Ca. The area where this event occurred had been monitored since November 2005 by a QuakeFinder magnetometer site, unit 609, 2 km from the epicenter. This instrument is one of 53 stations of the QuakeFinder (QF) California Magnetometer Network-CalMagNet. This station included an ultra low frequency (ULF) 3-axis induction magnetometer, a simple air conductivity sensor to measure relative airborne ion concentrations, and a geophone to identify the arrival of the P-wave from an earthquake. Similar in frequency content to the increased ULF activity reported two weeks prior to the Loma Prieta M7.0 quake in 1989 (Fraser-Smith, 1990, 1991), the QF station detected activity in the 0.01-12 Hz bands, but it consisted of an increasing number of short duration (1 to 30 s duration) pulsations. The pulsations peaked around 13 days prior to the event. The amplitudes of the pulses were strong, (3-20 nT), compared to the average ambient noise at the site, (10-250 pT), which included a component arising from the Bay Area Rapid Transit (BART) operations. The QF station also detected different pulse shapes, e.g. negative or positive only polarity, with some pulses including a combination of positive and negative. Typical pulse counts over the previous year ranged from 0-15 per day, while the count rose to 176 (east-west channel) on 17 October, 13 days prior to the quake. The air conductivity sensor saturated for over 14 h during the night and morning prior to the quake, which occurred at 20:29 LT. Anomalous IR signatures were also observed in the general area, within 50 km of the epicenter, during the 2 weeks prior to the quake. These three simultaneous EM phenomena were compared with data collected over a 1-2-year period at the site. The data was also compared against accounts of air ionization reported

  20. Electromagnetic nucleon form factors

    SciTech Connect

    Bender, A.; Roberts, C.D.; Frank, M.R.

    1995-08-01

    The Dyson-Schwinger equation framework is employed to obtain expressions for the electromagnetic nucleon form factor. In generalized impulse approximation the form factor depends on the dressed quark propagator, the dressed quark-photon vertex, which is crucial to ensuring current conservation, and the nucleon Faddeev amplitude. The approach manifestly incorporates the large space-like-q{sup 2} renormalization group properties of QCD and allows a realistic extrapolation to small space-like-q{sup 2}. This extrapolation allows one to relate experimental data to the form of the quark-quark interaction at small space-like-q{sup 2}, which is presently unknown. The approach provides a means of unifying, within a single framework, the treatment of the perturbative and nonperturbative regimes of QCD. The wealth of experimental nucleon form factor data, over a large range of q{sup 2}, ensures that this application will provide an excellent environment to test, improve and extend our approach.

  1. Image forming apparatus

    DOEpatents

    Satoh, Hisao; Haneda, Satoshi; Ikeda, Tadayoshi; Morita, Shizuo; Fukuchi, Masakazu

    1996-01-01

    In an image forming apparatus having a detachable process cartridge in which an image carrier on which an electrostatic latent image is formed, and a developing unit which develops the electrostatic latent image so that a toner image can be formed, both integrally formed into one unit. There is provided a developer container including a discharge section which can be inserted into a supply opening of the developing unit, and a container in which a predetermined amount of developer is contained, wherein the developer container is provided to the toner supply opening of the developing unit and the developer is supplied into the developing unit housing when a toner stirring screw of the developing unit is rotated.

  2. Handprinted Forms and Characters

    National Institute of Standards and Technology Data Gateway

    NIST Handprinted Forms and Characters (PC database for purchase)   NIST Special Database 19 contains NIST's entire corpus of training materials for handprinted document and character recognition. It supersedes NIST Special Databases 3 and 7.

  3. Shell forming system

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Kendall, Jr., James M. (Inventor); Wang, Taylor G. (Inventor); Elleman, Daniel D. (Inventor)

    1990-01-01

    Hollow shells of high uniformity are formed by emitting liquid through an outer nozzle and gas through an inner nozzle, to form a hollow extrusion, by flowing the gas at a velocity between about 1.3 and 10 times the liquid velocity. The natural breakup rate of the extrusion can be increased to decrease shell size by applying periodic perturbations to one of the materials prior to exiting the nozzles, to a nozzle, or to the extrusion.

  4. Composite hot drape forming

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ott, Thomas

    1994-02-01

    This program was initiated to replace labor-intensive ply-by-ply layup of composite I-beam posts and angle stiffeners used in the Space Station Freedom (SSF) rack structure. Hot drape forming (HDF) has been successfully implemented by BCAG for 777 composite I-stringers and by Bell Helicopter/Textron for the V-22 I-stingers. The two companies utilize two vastly different approaches to the I-beam fabrication process. A drape down process is used by Bell Helicopter where the compacted ply charge is placed on top of a forming mandrel and heated. When the heated ply charge reached a set temperature, vacuum pressure is applied and the plies are formed over the mandrel. The BCAG 777 process utilizes an inverted forming process where the ply stack is placed on a forming table and the mandrel is inverted and placed upon the ply stack. A heating and vacuum bladder underneath the ply stack form the play stack up onto the mandrels after reaching the temperature setpoint. Both methods have their advantages, but the drape down process was selected for SSF because it was more versatile and could be fabricated from readily available components.

  5. Composite hot drape forming

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Ott, Thomas

    1994-01-01

    This program was initiated to replace labor-intensive ply-by-ply layup of composite I-beam posts and angle stiffeners used in the Space Station Freedom (SSF) rack structure. Hot drape forming (HDF) has been successfully implemented by BCAG for 777 composite I-stringers and by Bell Helicopter/Textron for the V-22 I-stingers. The two companies utilize two vastly different approaches to the I-beam fabrication process. A drape down process is used by Bell Helicopter where the compacted ply charge is placed on top of a forming mandrel and heated. When the heated ply charge reached a set temperature, vacuum pressure is applied and the plies are formed over the mandrel. The BCAG 777 process utilizes an inverted forming process where the ply stack is placed on a forming table and the mandrel is inverted and placed upon the ply stack. A heating and vacuum bladder underneath the ply stack form the play stack up onto the mandrels after reaching the temperature setpoint. Both methods have their advantages, but the drape down process was selected for SSF because it was more versatile and could be fabricated from readily available components.

  6. Highly tunable fluorinated trispyrazolylborates [HB(3-CF3-5-{4-RPh}pz)3](-) (R = NO2, CF3, Cl, F, H, OMe and NMe2) and their copper(I) complexes.

    PubMed

    van Dijkman, Thomas F; Siegler, Maxime A; Bouwman, Elisabeth

    2015-12-28

    The ethene and carbon monoxide adducts of copper(I) with seven trispyrazolylborate ligands ([HB(3-CF3-5-{4-RPh}pz)3](-); R = NO2 (4a), CF3 (4b), Cl (4c), F (4d), H (4e), OMe (4f) and NMe2 (4g)) were synthesized and characterized. The ligands were synthesized from their corresponding pyrazoles and sodium tetrahydridoborate and were obtained as solvent adducts of their sodium salts after workup. When the pyrazole with the most electron-withdrawing substituent (R = NO2) is used the asymmetric ligand [HB(3-CF3-5-{4-NO2Ph}pz)2(3-{4-NO2Ph}-5-CF3pz)](-) (4a') is formed as the major product. Copper(I) complexes with ethene or CO as a co-ligand were prepared in good yields and were structurally characterized using (1)H NMR, (13)C NMR and infrared spectroscopy. Single crystal X-ray crystallography analyses revealed the structures of Na4a', Na4b, four copper ethene complexes and four copper carbonyl complexes. The structures of the copper(I) complexes show Cu(I) ions in pseudo-tetrahedral coordination environments consisting of three nitrogen atoms of the trispyrazolylborate ligand and the carbonyl or η(2)-coordinated ethene ligands, with nearly identical coordination environments around the Cu(I) ion. The compound [Na(4a')(H2O)]n crystallizes as one-dimensional chains with intermolecular NaO2N interactions. The sodium ions were found in severely distorted octahedral geometries with three nitrogen atoms from the trispyrazolylborate ligand, one aqua ligand and two oxygen atoms from the nitro group of an adjacent molecule. The compound [Na2(4b)2(μ-H2O)2] crystallizes as a centrosymmetric water-bridged dimer: two five-coordinate square-pyramidal sodium ions each are coordinated facially by three nitrogen atoms from a trispyrazolylborate ligand and two bridging water ligands. Below the base of the pyramidal structure one intermolecular and two intramolecular NaF short contacts are present. The (1)H and (13)C NMR spectra of the copper-ethene complexes show signals for the ethene

  7. Dehydration of raffinose pentahydrate: structures of raffinose 5-, 4.433-, 4.289- and 4.127-hydrate at 93 K.

    PubMed

    Viriyarattanasak, Chotika; Shiro, Motoo; Munekawa, Shigeru; Franks, Felix; Ikeda, Satomi; Kajiwara, Kazuhito

    2015-11-01

    Raffinose [or O-α-D-galactopyranosyl-(1→6)-α-D-glucopyranosyl-(1→2)-β-D-fructofuranoside] pentahydrate, C18H32O16·5H2O, (I), and three lower hydrates, namely the 4.433-, (II), 4.289-, (III), and 4.127-hydrated, (IV), forms, obtained in the course of the dehydration of (I), have been studied. The unit cells in the space group P2₁2₁2₁ are of similar dimensions for all the crystals. The conformation of the raffinose molecules remains almost the same across the four crystal structures. The raffinose molecules are linked into a three-dimensional hydrogen-bonded network involving all the -OH groups, the ring and glycosidic O atoms, and the water molecules. Six water sites were identified in the structures of (II), (III) and (IV), of which W1, W4 and W6 (W = water) are partially occupied with their populations coupled. W1, W4 and one of the -OH groups of the galactose ring form an infinite hydrogen-bonding chain around a 2₁ axis parallel to the a axis (denoted chain A), and W6 and the same -OH group form a similar chain (chain A') disordered with chain A. The occupancy ratio of chain A to chain A' for N-hydrates (N is a hydration number between 4 and 5) is (N - 4):(5 - N). The transformation of chain A to chain A' as part of the dehydration process has little effect on the rest of the structure. Thus, the dehydration proceeds without significant impact on the crystal structure. PMID:26524166

  8. Laser forming process development

    SciTech Connect

    Blake, R.J.

    1996-12-31

    This paper is a summary of the activities performed for the process development of laser thermal forming sheet metal parts in support of rapid prototyping. A 400 watt pulsed Nd:YAG laser and 50 watt desktop CO{sub 2} laser were used during initial process development. Several tool-assisted laser forming approaches were conceived during the development of the process, and simple fixtures for process development/understanding were used throughout all testing. Much of the actual forming was performed with the base material in an unfixtured state. CRES (304) was used for baseline development, but the effort was directed toward forming titanium (e.g., 6Al-4V, 15V-3Cr-3Sn-3Al). Several DOE (i.e., Design of Experiment) techniques were employed during development and a Neural Net Computer Model was conceived for process control. This program was a joint effort in cooperation with the American Welding Society under contract with the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA). A synopsis of the laser forming process development, future opportunities, and applications are presented.

  9. Methods for forming particles

    DOEpatents

    Fox, Robert V.; Zhang, Fengyan; Rodriguez, Rene G.; Pak, Joshua J.; Sun, Chivin

    2016-06-21

    Single source precursors or pre-copolymers of single source precursors are subjected to microwave radiation to form particles of a I-III-VI.sub.2 material. Such particles may be formed in a wurtzite phase and may be converted to a chalcopyrite phase by, for example, exposure to heat. The particles in the wurtzite phase may have a substantially hexagonal shape that enables stacking into ordered layers. The particles in the wurtzite phase may be mixed with particles in the chalcopyrite phase (i.e., chalcopyrite nanoparticles) that may fill voids within the ordered layers of the particles in the wurtzite phase thus produce films with good coverage. In some embodiments, the methods are used to form layers of semiconductor materials comprising a I-III-VI.sub.2 material. Devices such as, for example, thin-film solar cells may be fabricated using such methods.

  10. Crystal structure of (Z)-4-[1-(4-acetyl-anilino)ethyl-idene]-3-methyl-1-phenyl-1H-pyrazol-5(4H)-one.

    PubMed

    Mahfouz, Refaat M; Demircioğlu, Zeynep; Abbady, Mohamed S; Büyükgüngör, Orhan

    2015-01-01

    In the solid state, the title compound, C20H19N3O2, adopts the keto-amine tautomeric form, with the H atom attached to the N atom, which participates in an intra-molecular N-H⋯O hydrogen bond with an S(6) ring motif. The dihedral angles between the pyrazole ring and the phenyl and benzene rings are 3.69 (10) and 46.47 (9)°, respectively. In the crystal, mol-ecules are linked by weak C-H⋯O hydrogen bonds, generating C(16) chains propagating in [301]. Weak aromatic π-π stacking inter-actions [centroid-centroid distances = 3.6123 (10) and 3.6665 (10) Å] link the chains into a three-dimensional network. PMID:25705461

  11. Literature: Internal Forms.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Regional Curriculum Project, Atlanta, GA.

    This curriculum guide in literature, developed as part of a total English curriculum for pre-kindergarten through grade 10, suggests that students can best understand literature by recognizing its internal forms (i.e., characteristics that recur in settings, characters, and narrative patterns). Materials cover (1) an overview for teachers on the…

  12. Apparatus for forming targets

    DOEpatents

    Woerner, Robert L.

    1980-01-01

    Apparatus and method for cryoinduced uniform deposition of cryogenic materials, such as deuterium-tritium (DT) mixtures, on the inner surface of hollow spherical members, such as inertially imploded targets. By vaporizing and quickly refreezing cryogenic materials contained within a hollow spherical member, a uniform layer of the materials is formed on the inner surface of the spherical member. Heating of the cryogenic material, located within a non-isothermal compact freezing cell, is accomplished by an electrical heat pulse, whereafter the material is quickly frozen forming a uniform layer on the inner surface of the spherical member. The method is not restricted to producing a frozen layer on only the inner surface of the innermost hollow member, but where multiple concentric hollow spheres are involved, such as in multiple shell targets for lasers, electron beams, etc., layers of cryogenic material may also be formed on the inner surface of intermediate or outer spherical members, thus providing the capability of forming targets having multiple concentric layers or shells of frozen DT.

  13. Method for forming targets

    DOEpatents

    Woerner, Robert L.

    1979-01-01

    Method for cryoinduced uniform deposition of cryogenic materials, such as deuterium-tritium (DT) mixtures, on the inner surface of hollow spherical members, such as inertially imploded targets. By vaporizing and quickly refreezing cryogenic materials contained within a hollow spherical member, a uniform layer of the materials is formed on the inner surface of the spherical member. Heating of the cryogenic material, located within a non-isothermal compact freezing cell, is accomplished by an electrical heat pulse, whereafter the material is quickly frozen forming a uniform layer on the inner surface of the spherical member. The method is not restricted to producing a frozen layer on only the inner surface of the innermost hollow member, but where multiple concentric hollow spheres are involved, such as in multiple shell targets for lasers, electron beams, etc., layers of cryogenic material may also be formed on the inner surface of intermediate or outer spherical members, thus providing the capability of forming targets having multiple concentric layers or shells of frozen DT.

  14. Literature: External Forms.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Regional Curriculum Project, Atlanta, GA.

    This curriculum guide, developed as part of a total English curriculum for pre-kindergarten through grade 10, suggests that students can best understand literature by understanding its recurring external forms or genres, and includes (1) an overview describing the four literary genres of drama, narrative poetry, narrative fiction, and lyric poetry…

  15. High energy forming facility

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Ciurlionis, B.

    1967-01-01

    Watertight, high-explosive forming facility, 25 feet in diameter and 15 feet deep, withstands repeated explosions of 10 pounds of TNT equivalent. The shell is fabricated of high strength steel and allows various structural elements to deform or move elastically and independently while retaining structural integrity.

  16. Geodiversity and land form

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gray, Murray

    2014-05-01

    The Earth's surface has a dynamic and topographically varied natural landscape. In some cases the resulting landforms are given generic names reflecting their form and/or origin, (e.g. sand dunes, eskers, ox-bow lakes) but in many cases the land surface has a more amorphous form and is less easily categorized other than at a landscape scale (e.g. dissected plateau, Chalk downland). Across much of Europe, while the natural vegetation has been removed or radically modified, the natural land form/topography remains in tact. In this context and in terms of geoconservation we ought to be: • allowing the dynamic natural processes that create, carve and modify landscapes to continue to operate; and • retaining natural topographic character and geomorphological authenticity in the face of human actions seeking to remodel the land surface. In this presentation examples of this approach to geoconservation of land form will be given from the UK and other parts of the world. This will include examples of both appropriate and inappropriate topographic modifications.

  17. Many Forms of Culture

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cohen, Adam B.

    2009-01-01

    Psychologists interested in culture have focused primarily on East-West differences in individualism-collectivism, or independent-interdependent self-construal. As important as this dimension is, there are many other forms of culture with many dimensions of cultural variability. Selecting from among the many understudied cultures in psychology,…

  18. Formed photovoltaic module busbars

    DOEpatents

    Rose, Douglas; Daroczi, Shan; Phu, Thomas

    2015-11-10

    A cell connection piece for a photovoltaic module is disclosed herein. The cell connection piece includes an interconnect bus, a plurality of bus tabs unitarily formed with the interconnect bus, and a terminal bus coupled with the interconnect bus. The plurality of bus tabs extend from the interconnect bus. The terminal bus includes a non-linear portion.

  19. Inelastic Scattering Form Factors

    Energy Science and Technology Software Center (ESTSC)

    1992-01-01

    ATHENA-IV computes form factors for inelastic scattering calculations, using single-particle wave functions that are eigenstates of motion in either a Woods-Saxon potential well or a harmonic oscillator well. Two-body forces of Gauss, Coulomb, Yukawa, and a sum of cut-off Yukawa radial dependences are available.

  20. Forms of Soft Sculpture

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tucker, Dorothy

    1978-01-01

    For the past several years, students at Madison Senior High School in San Diego have responded to the tactile texture and draping quality of soft materials. They experimented enthusiastically with three-dimensional forms made out of foam rubber. Here is the result of their efforts and experimentation. (Author/RK)

  1. Changing Organizational Forms.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    1997

    This document contains three papers from a symposium on changing organizational forms. "Goal Integration in a Multi-divisional Organization" (Richard J. Torraco, Mary Finnegan), reports on a study that examined how goals are integrated into organizational activities once they have been identified, proposes a model of goal integration, and develops…

  2. Relevance of weak intermolecular forces on the supramolecular structure of free or DMSO solvated 5-(4-X-benzylidene)rhodanines (X = F, Cl, Br, I)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Casas, José S.; Castaño, M. Victoria; Couce, María D.; Sánchez, Agustín; Sordo, José; Torres, M. Dolores; Vázquez, Saulo A.; Vázquez-López, Ezequiel M.

    2016-09-01

    The rhodanines of the title (Xp-Rhod, X = F, Cl, Br, I) were synthesized and characterized in solid state and in solution. The crystal structures of the four compounds show different supramolecular organizations. In the F-, Cl- and Br-derivatives, a R22(8) (CSNH)2 ring forms via Nsbnd H⋯S hydrogen bonds between two neighbouring molecules to give dimers. The I-derivative is also dimeric, but exhibits R22(8) (CONH)2 rings. The two type of dimers are associated in a variety of structures through hydrogen bonding, π-stacking, Csbnd H⋯π interactions and halogen bonding. These interactions were analysed from a crystallographic point of view and their relative relevance was explored using DFT calculations. The effect produced on all these interactions by the incorporation of DMSO molecules to the lattice was analysed by comparing the crystal structures of Xp-Rhod compounds and those of corresponding Xp-RhodṡDMSO solvates.

  3. Waste-form development

    SciTech Connect

    Neilson, R.M. Jr.; Colombo, P.

    1982-01-01

    Contemporary solidification agents are being investigated relative to their applications to major fuel cycle and non-fuel cycle low-level waste (LLW) streams. Work is being conducted to determine the range of conditions under which these solidification agents can be applied to specific LLW streams. These studies are directed primarily towards defining operating parameters for both improved solidification of problem wastes and solidification of new LLW streams generated from advanced volume reduction technologies. Work is being conducted to measure relevant waste form properties. These data will be compiled and evaluated to demonstrate compliance with waste form performance and shallow land burial acceptance criteria and transportation requirements (both as they exist and as they are modified with time).

  4. Formed HIP Can Processing

    SciTech Connect

    Clarke, Kester Diederik

    2015-07-27

    The intent of this report is to document a procedure used at LANL for HIP bonding aluminum cladding to U-10Mo fuel foils using a formed HIP can for the Domestic Reactor Conversion program in the NNSA Office of Material, Management and Minimization, and provide some details that may not have been published elsewhere. The HIP process is based on the procedures that have been used to develop the formed HIP can process, including the baseline process developed at Idaho National Laboratory (INL). The HIP bonding cladding process development is summarized in the listed references. Further iterations with Babcock & Wilcox (B&W) to refine the process to meet production and facility requirements is expected.

  5. Nucleon Electromagnetic Form Factors

    SciTech Connect

    Kees de Jager

    2004-08-01

    Although nucleons account for nearly all the visible mass in the universe, they have a complicated structure that is still incompletely understood. The first indication that nucleons have an internal structure, was the measurement of the proton magnetic moment by Frisch and Stern (1933) which revealed a large deviation from the value expected for a point-like Dirac particle. The investigation of the spatial structure of the nucleon, resulting in the first quantitative measurement of the proton charge radius, was initiated by the HEPL (Stanford) experiments in the 1950s, for which Hofstadter was awarded the 1961 Nobel prize. The first indication of a non-zero neutron charge distribution was obtained by scattering thermal neutrons off atomic electrons. The recent revival of its experimental study through the operational implementation of novel instrumentation has instigated a strong theoretical interest. Nucleon electro-magnetic form factors (EMFFs) are optimally studied through the exchange of a virtual photon, in elastic electron-nucleon scattering. The momentum transferred to the nucleon by the virtual photon can be selected to probe different scales of the nucleon, from integral properties such as the charge radius to scaling properties of its internal constituents. Polarization instrumentation, polarized beams and targets, and the measurement of the polarization of the recoiling nucleon have been essential in the accurate separation of the charge and magnetic form factors and in studies of the elusive neutron charge form factor.

  6. Electromagnetic pion form factor

    SciTech Connect

    Roberts, C.D.

    1995-08-01

    A phenomenological Dyson-Schwinger/Bethe-Salpeter equation approach to QCD, formalized in terms of a QCD-based model field theory, the Global Color-symmetry Model (GCM), was used to calculate the generalized impulse approximation contribution to the electromagnetic pion form factor at space-like q{sup 2} on the domain [0,10] GeV{sup 2}. In effective field theories this form factor is sometimes understood as simply being due to Vector Meson Dominance (VMD) but this does not allow for a simple connection with QCD where the VMD contribution is of higher order than that of the quark core. In the GCM the pion is treated as a composite bound state of a confined quark and antiquark interacting via the exchange of colored vector-bosons. A direct study of the quark core contribution is made, using a quark propagator that manifests the large space-like-q{sup 2} properties of QCD, parameterizes the infrared behavior and incorporates confinement. It is shown that the few parameters which characterize the infrared form of the quark propagator may be chosen so as to yield excellent agreement with the available data. In doing this one directly relates experimental observables to properties of QCD at small space-like-q{sup 2}. The incorporation of confinement eliminates endpoint and pinch singularities in the calculation of F{sub {pi}}(q{sup 2}). With asymptotic freedom manifest in the dressed quark propagator the calculation yields q{sup 4}F{sub {pi}}(q{sup 2}) = constant, up to [q{sup 2}]- corrections, for space-like-q{sup 2} {approx_gt} 35 GeV{sup 2}, which indicates that soft, nonperturbative contributions dominate the form factor at presently accessible q{sup 2}. This means that the often-used factorization Ansatz fails in this exclusive process. A paper describing this work was submitted for publication. In addition, these results formed the basis for an invited presentation at a workshop on chiral dynamics and will be published in the proceedings.

  7. Nucleon elastic form factors

    SciTech Connect

    D. Day

    2007-03-01

    The nucleon form factors are still the subject of active investigation even after an experimental effort spanning 50 years. This is because they are of critical importance to our understanding of the electromagnetic properties of nuclei and provide a unique testing ground for QCD motivated models of nucleon structure. Progress in polarized beams, polarized targets and recoil polarimetry have allowed an important and precise set of data to be collected over the last decade. I will review the experimental status of elastic electron scattering from the nucleon along with an outlook for future progress.

  8. Space form of motionsickness

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Komendantov, G. L.; Kopanev, V. I.

    1975-01-01

    Spacesickness under weightlessness conditions is explained mainly by disruption of the activity of the functional system perceiving space and participating in carrying out the balancing function, consisting, in particular, of the vestibular, proprioceptive, interoceptive, visual and cutaneomechanical analyzers. It can be assumed that, under specific conditions, Coriolis acceleration also is a cause of spacesickness. Adaptation is possible by formation of a new functional system which is adequate to the new mechanical conditions of weightlessness. Selection, training, creation of optimum conditions in the spacecraft cabin, medicinal, and technical improvement of spacecraft play an important role in prophylaxis of the space form of seasickness.

  9. GlassForm

    Energy Science and Technology Software Center (ESTSC)

    2011-09-16

    GlassForm is a software tool for generating preliminary waste glass formulas for a given waste stream. The software is useful because it reduces the number of verification melts required to develop a suitable additive composition. The software includes property models that calculate glass properties of interest from the chemical composition of the waste glass. The software includes property models for glass viscosity, electrical conductivity, glass transition temperature, and leach resistance as measured by the 7-daymore » product consistency test (PCT).« less

  10. Spun Almost Normal Form

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Paullin, Katherine L.

    Many of a 3-manifold's properties are determined by the surfaces they contain, and this knowledge leads to the foundation of decision algorithms for 3- manifolds. Popular work influencing the work of 3-manifold algorithms has it's roots in normal surface theory. In a triangulated 3-manifold, Haken and Kneser showed that we could put any incompressible surface into normal form. Expanding on those techniques, Rubinstein and Stocking later showed we could put any strongly irreducible surface into almost normal form. Walsh has more recently shown that in an ideal triangulation of a hyperbolic manifold many surfaces can be spun normalized. One unsolved problem in 3-manifold algorithms is studying the complexity of Lens Space Recognition. Spun almost normalization appears to be a part of solving this larger problem. In this dissertation, I will first discuss a nontraditional technique using graphs of equivalence classes of compressing disks that allows us to take a combinatorial approach to generalize the result of Walsh's to nonhyperbolic manifolds. Using that method, I'll also explore the conditions needed to show that a surface can be spun almost normalized.

  11. MLKL forms cation channels

    PubMed Central

    Xia, Bingqing; Fang, Sui; Chen, Xueqin; Hu, Hong; Chen, Peiyuan; Wang, Huayi; Gao, Zhaobing

    2016-01-01

    The mixed lineage kinase domain-like (MLKL) protein is a key factor in tumor necrosis factor-induced necroptosis. Recent studies on necroptosis execution revealed a commitment role of MLKL in membrane disruption. However, our knowledge of how MLKL functions on membrane remains very limited. Here we demonstrate that MLKL forms cation channels that are permeable preferentially to Mg2+ rather than Ca2+ in the presence of Na+ and K+. Moreover, the N-terminal domain containing six helices (H1-H6) is sufficient to form channels. Using the substituted cysteine accessibility method, we further determine that helix H1, H2, H3, H5 and H6 are transmembrane segments, while H4 is located in the cytoplasm. Finally, MLKL-induced membrane depolarization and cell death exhibit a positive correlation to its channel activity. The Mg2+-preferred permeability and five transmembrane segment topology distinguish MLKL from previously identified Mg2+-permeable channels and thus establish MLKL as a novel class of cation channels. PMID:27033670

  12. Bipolar pulse forming line

    DOEpatents

    Rhodes, Mark A.

    2008-10-21

    A bipolar pulse forming transmission line module for linear induction accelerators having first, second, third, fourth, and fifth planar conductors which form an interleaved stack with dielectric layers between the conductors. Each conductor has a first end, and a second end adjacent an acceleration axis. The first and second planar conductors are connected to each other at the second ends, the fourth and fifth planar conductors are connected to each other at the second ends, and the first and fifth planar conductors are connected to each other at the first ends via a shorting plate adjacent the first ends. The third planar conductor is electrically connectable to a high voltage source, and an internal switch functions to short a high voltage from the first end of the third planar conductor to the first end of the fourth planar conductor to produce a bipolar pulse at the acceleration axis with a zero net time integral. Improved access to the switch is enabled by an aperture through the shorting plate and the proximity of the aperture to the switch.

  13. 78 FR 58605 - Proposed Collection; Comment Request for Form 8453-EMP, Form 8453-F, Form 8453-FE, Form 8879-F...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-09-24

    ... 8879-F, IRS e-file Signature Authorization for Form 1041. DATES: Written comments should be received on... (Form 1041). Title: U.S. Estate or Trust Declaration and Signature for an IRS e- File Return. OMB Number... Electronic Filing. This form will only be used as a signature letter to Form 1041. This new form...

  14. Shell forming system

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Kendall, Jr., James M. (Inventor); Wang, Taylor G. (Inventor); Elleman, Daniel D. (Inventor)

    1987-01-01

    An apparatus is provided for forming gas-filled spheres of metal, glass or other material, which produces spheres (12) of uniform size and wall thickness in a relatively simple system. The system includes concentric nozzles, including an inner nozzle (18) through which gas flows and and an outer nozzle (20), which jointly define an annular passageway (50) through which a liquid flows. The flow rates are adjusted so that the gas flows at greater velocity than does the liquid, out of their respective nozzles, e.g. three times as great, in order to produce an extrusion (30) which undergoes axisymmetric oscillations resulting in the pinch off into hollow spheres with very uniform spacing. The system is useful not only where gas-filled spheres are required, but also is useful to accurately control the dispensing of solid, liquid, or gaseous materials.

  15. Shell forming apparatus

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Wang, Taylor G. (Inventor); Granett, Dan (Inventor); Akutagawa, Wesley M. (Inventor)

    1987-01-01

    A nozzle assembly is described for use in a system that forms small gas-filled shells, which avoids the need for holding a miniature inner nozzle precisely concentric with a miniature outer nozzle. The outer nozzle has a diameter which is less than about 0.7 millimeter, which results in fluid passing through the nozzle having a progressively greater velocity at locations progressively further from the walls of the outer nozzle across most of the nozzle. This highly variable velocity profile automatically forces gas to the center of the outer nozzle. The end of the inner nozzle, which emits gas, is spaced upstream from the tip of the outer nozzle, to provide a distance along which to center the gas. This self-centering characteristic permits the inner nozzle to be positioned so its axis is not concentric with the axis of the outer nozzle.

  16. Pion form factor

    SciTech Connect

    Ryong Ji, C.; Pang, A.; Szczepaniak, A.

    1994-04-01

    It is pointed out that the correct criterion to define the legal PQCD contribution to the exclusive processes in the lightcone perturbative expansion should be based on the large off-shellness of the lightcone energy in the intermediate states. In the lightcone perturbative QCD calculation of the pion form factor, the authors find that the legal PQCD contribution defined by the lightcone energy cut saturates in the smaller Q{sup 2} region compared to that defined by the gluon four-momentum square cut. This is due to the contribution by the highly off-energy-shell gluons in the end point regions of the phase space, indicating that the gluon four-momentum-square cut may have cut too much to define the legal PQCD.

  17. Nucleon Electromagnetic Form Factors

    SciTech Connect

    Marc Vanderhaeghen; Charles Perdrisat; Vina Punjabi

    2007-10-01

    There has been much activity in the measurement of the elastic electromagnetic proton and neutron form factors in the last decade, and the quality of the data has greatly improved by performing double polarization experiments, in comparison with previous unpolarized data. Here we review the experimental data base in view of the new results for the proton, and neutron, obtained at JLab, MAMI, and MIT-Bates. The rapid evolution of phenomenological models triggered by these high-precision experiments will be discussed, including the recent progress in the determination of the valence quark generalized parton distributions of the nucleon, as well as the steady rate of improvements made in the lattice QCD calculations.

  18. Spray-formed tooling

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    McHugh, K. M.; Key, J. F.

    The United States Council for Automotive Research (USCAR) has formed a partnership with the Idaho National Engineering Laboratory (INEL) to develop a process for the rapid production of low-cost tooling based on spray forming technology developed at the INEL. Phase 1 of the program will involve bench-scale system development, materials characterization, and process optimization. In Phase 2, prototype systems will be designed, constructed, evaluated, and optimized. Process control and other issues that influence commercialization will be addressed during this phase of the project. Technology transfer to USCAR, or a tooling vendor selected by USCAR, will be accomplished during Phase 3. The approach INEL is using to produce tooling, such as plastic injection molds and stamping dies, combines rapid solidification processing and net-shape materials processing into a single step. A bulk liquid metal is pressure-fed into a de Laval spray nozzle transporting a high velocity, high temperature inert gas. The gas jet disintegrates the metal into fine droplets and deposits them onto a tool pattern made from materials such as plastic, wax, clay, ceramics, and metals. The approach is compatible with solid freeform fabrication techniques such as stereolithography, selective laser sintering, and laminated object manufacturing. Heat is extracted rapidly, in-flight, by convection as the spray jet entrains cool inert gas to produce undercooled and semi-solid droplets. At the pattern, the droplets weld together while replicating the shape and surface features of the pattern. Tool formation is rapid; deposition rates in excess of 1 ton/h have been demonstrated for bench-scale nozzles.

  19. Spray-formed tooling

    SciTech Connect

    McHugh, K.M.; Key, J.F.

    1994-12-31

    The United States Council for Automotive Research (USCAR) has formed a partnership with the Idaho National Engineering Laboratory (INEL) to develop a process for the rapid production of low-cost tooling based on spray forming technology developed at the INEL. Phase 1 of the program will involve bench-scale system development, materials characterization, and process optimization. In Phase 2, prototype systems will be de signed, constructed, evaluated, and optimized. Process control and other issues that influence commercialization will be addressed during this phase of the project. Technology transfer to USCAR, or a tooling vendor selected by USCAR, will be accomplished during Phase 3. The approach INEL is using to produce tooling, such as plastic injection molds and stamping dies, combines rapid solidification processing and net-shape materials processing into a single step. A bulk liquid metal is pressure-fed into a de Laval spray nozzle transporting a high velocity, high temperature inert gas. The gas jet disintegrates the metal into fine droplets and deposits them onto a tool pattern made from materials such as plastic, wax, clay, ceramics, and metals. The approach is compatible with solid freeform fabrication techniques such as stereolithography, selective laser sintering, and laminated object manufacturing. Heat is extracted rapidly, in-flight, by convection as the spray jet entrains cool inert gas to produce undercooled and semi-solid droplets. At the pattern, the droplets weld together while replicating the shape and surface features of the pattern. Tool formation is rapid; deposition rates in excess of 1 ton/h have been demonstrated for bench-scale nozzles.

  20. Forming Spirals From Shadows

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kohler, Susanna

    2016-07-01

    What causes the large-scale spiral structures found in some protoplanetary disks? Most models assume theyre created by newly-forming planets, but a new study suggests that planets might have nothing to do with it.Perturbations from Planets?In some transition disks protoplanetary disks with gaps in their inner regions weve directly imaged large-scale spiral arms. Many theories currently attribute the formation of these structures to young planets: either the direct perturbations of a planet embedded in the disk cause the spirals, or theyre indirectly caused by the orbit of a planetary body outside of the arms.Another example of spiral arms detected in a protoplanetary disk, MWC 758. [NASA/ESA/ESO/M. Benisty et al.]But what if you could get spirals without any planets? A team of scientists led by Matas Montesinos (University of Chile) have recently published a study in which they examine what happens to a shadowed protoplanetary disk.Casting Shadows with WarpsIn the teams setup, they envision a protoplanetary disk that is warped: the inner region is slightly tilted relative to the outer region. As the central star casts light out over its protoplanetary disk, this disk warping would cause some regions of the disk to be shaded in a way that isnt axially symmetric with potentially interesting implications.Montesinos and collaborators ran 2D hydrodynamics simulations to determine what happens to the motion of particles within the disk when they pass in and out of the shadowed regions. Since the shadowed regions are significantly colder than the illuminated disk, the pressure in these regions is much lower. Particles are therefore accelerated and decelerated as they pass through these regions, and the lack of axial symmetry causes spiral density waves to form in the disk as a result.Initial profile for the stellar heating rate per unit area for one of the authors simulations. The regions shadowed as a result of the disk warp subtend 0.5 radians each (shown on the left

  1. Study of the ferroelastic phase transition in the tetraethylammonium compound [N(C2H5)4]2ZnBr4 by magic-angle spinning and static NMR

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lim, Ae Ran

    2016-03-01

    The ferroelastic phase transition of tetraethylammonium compound [N(C2H5)4]2ZnBr4 at the phase transition temperature (TC) = 283 K was characterized by magic-angle spinning (MAS) and static nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR), and confirmed by optical polarizing spectroscopy. The structural geometry near TC was studied in terms of the chemical shifts and the spin-lattice relaxation times T1ρ in the rotating frame for 1H MAS NMR and 13C cross-polarization (CP)/MAS NMR. The two inequivalent ethyl groups were distinguishable in the 13C NMR spectrum, and the T1ρ results indicate that they undergo tumbling motion above TC in a coupled manner. From the 14N NMR results, the two nitrogen nuclei in the N(C2H5)4+ ions were distinguishable above TC, and the splitting in the spectra below TC was related to the ferroelastic domains with different orientations.

  2. Synthesis of some novel heterocylic compounds derived from 2-[3-(4-chlorophenyl)-5-(4-methoxybenzyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-4-yl]acetohydrazide and investigation of their lipase and α-glucosidase inhibition.

    PubMed

    Bekircan, Olcay; Ülker, Serdar; Menteşe, Emre

    2015-12-01

    In the present study, 2-[3-(4-chlorophenyl)-5-(4-methoxybenzyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-4-yl]acetohydrazide (1) was used as starting compound for the synthesis of 2-{[3-(4-chlorophenyl)-5-(4-methoxybenzyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-4-yl]acetyl}-4-thiosemicarbazides (2a-c) and 5-{[3-(4-chlorophenyl)-5-(4-methoxybenzyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-4-yl]methyl}-1,3,4-oxadiazole-2-thione (5). The cyclization of compounds 2a-c in the presence of NaOH resulted in the formation of 5-{[3-(4-chlorophenyl)-5-(4-methoxybenzyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-4-yl]methyl}-4-alkyl/aryl-2,4-dihydro-3H-1,2,4-triazole-3-thiones (3a-c). Aminomethylation of compounds 3a-c and 5 with formaldehyde and N-methyl/phenylpiperazine furnished Mannich bases (4a-f and 6a-b). The newly synthesized compounds were well-characterized by IR, (1)H NMR, (13)C NMR, elemental analysis and mass spectral studies. They were also screened for their lipase and α-glucosidase inhibition. Among the tested compound 2c (IC50 = 2.50 ± 0.50 µM) showed the best anti-lipase activity and compounds 2c (IC50 = 3.41 ± 0.16 µM) and 6a (IC50 = 4.36 ± 0.10 µM) showed the best anti-α-glucosidase activity. PMID:25640970

  3. 47 CFR 2.108 - Policy regarding the use of the fixed-satellite allocations in the 3.6-3.7, 4.5-4.8, and 5.85-5...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 1 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Policy regarding the use of the fixed-satellite... Allocation, Assignment, and Use of Radio Frequencies § 2.108 Policy regarding the use of the fixed-satellite allocations in the 3.6-3.7, 4.5-4.8, and 5.85-5.925 GHz bands. The use of the fixed-satellite allocations...

  4. 47 CFR 2.108 - Policy regarding the use of the fixed-satellite allocations in the 3.6-3.7, 4.5-4.8, and 5.85-5...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 1 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Policy regarding the use of the fixed-satellite... Allocation, Assignment, and Use of Radio Frequencies § 2.108 Policy regarding the use of the fixed-satellite allocations in the 3.6-3.7, 4.5-4.8, and 5.85-5.925 GHz bands. The use of the fixed-satellite allocations...

  5. 47 CFR 2.108 - Policy regarding the use of the fixed-satellite allocations in the 3.6-3.7, 4.5-4.8, and 5.85-5...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 1 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Policy regarding the use of the fixed-satellite... Allocation, Assignment, and Use of Radio Frequencies § 2.108 Policy regarding the use of the fixed-satellite allocations in the 3.6-3.7, 4.5-4.8, and 5.85-5.925 GHz bands. The use of the fixed-satellite allocations...

  6. 47 CFR 2.108 - Policy regarding the use of the fixed-satellite allocations in the 3.6-3.7, 4.5-4.8, and 5.85-5...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 1 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Policy regarding the use of the fixed-satellite... Allocation, Assignment, and Use of Radio Frequencies § 2.108 Policy regarding the use of the fixed-satellite allocations in the 3.6-3.7, 4.5-4.8, and 5.85-5.925 GHz bands. The use of the fixed-satellite allocations...

  7. 47 CFR 2.108 - Policy regarding the use of the fixed-satellite allocations in the 3.6-3.7, 4.5-4.8, and 5.85-5...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Policy regarding the use of the fixed-satellite... Allocation, Assignment, and Use of Radio Frequencies § 2.108 Policy regarding the use of the fixed-satellite allocations in the 3.6-3.7, 4.5-4.8, and 5.85-5.925 GHz bands. The use of the fixed-satellite allocations...

  8. Effects of additions of carbon nanotubes on the thermoelectric properties of Ni{sub 0.05}Mo{sub 3}Sb{sub 5.4}Te{sub 1.6}

    SciTech Connect

    Nandihalli, Nagaraj; Gorsse, Stéphane; Kleinke, Holger

    2015-03-15

    To prepare Ni{sub 0.05}Mo{sub 3}Sb{sub 5.4}Te{sub 1.6}, the starting materials were loaded in the stoichiometric ratio into silica tubes and then heated at 1000 K. The reaction products were mixed and divided into four equal parts. The first sample was used as a reference sample called bulk. For the remaining samples, 1%, 2% and 3% by mass of MWCNT (multi-wall carbon nanotubes) were added by ball-milling. These materials were then subjected to consolidation by hot-pressing at 850 K and 56 MPa. Their transport properties were determined and compared to study the influence of MWCNT on the transport properties of Ni{sub 0.05}Mo{sub 3}Sb{sub 5.4}Te{sub 1.6}. Scanning and transmission electron microscopy were used to study the microstructural and nanostructural features of the samples, and Raman characterization was performed to look for changes induced by ball-milling and hot-pressing of the nanotubes. Mainly due to a largely reduced thermal conductivity by 40% and a slightly reduced power factor, the figure-of-merit was improved by 25% after addition of 3 mass% of MWCNT. - Graphical abstract: Figure-of-merit of various Ni{sub 0.05}Mo{sub 3}Sb{sub 5.4}Te{sub 1.6}/CNT composites. - Highlights: • Various composites of Ni{sub 0.05}Mo{sub 3}Sb{sub 5.4}Te{sub 1.6} with carbon nanotubes were synthesized and characterized. • In each case, the thermoelectric figure-of-merit increases rapidly with increasing temperature. • With increasing amount of carbon nanotubes, the thermal conductivity decreases more than the electrical conductivity. • The composite with 3% carbon nanotubes performs better than the bulk material by 25%.

  9. A facile synthesis of new 1,2-dihydro-2 lambda(5)-[1,3]oxazolo[5,4-d][1,3,2]diazaphosphinine derivatives starting from 2-benzoylamino-3,3-dichloroacrylonitrile

    SciTech Connect

    Gakh, Andrei A; Shablykin, Oleg V

    2008-06-01

    Easily accessible 2-benzoylamino-3,3-dichloroacrylonitrile, when treated successively with primary amines, phosphorus pentachloride, sulfur dioxide, and various N- or S-nucleophiles, furnishes the corresponding derivatives of 1,2-dihydro-2{lambda}{sup 5}-[1,3]oxazolo[5,4-d][1,3,2]diazaphosphinine, a novel fused heterocycle. The structure of the compounds obtained is unequivocally confirmed by spectroscopic methods and X-ray diffraction analysis.

  10. Near-threshold electron-impact excitation of the (3p{sup 5}4s4p){sup 4}S{sub /2} quasimetastable state in potassium

    SciTech Connect

    Borovik, A. A. Jr.; Borovik, A. A.; Zatsarinny, O.; Bartschat, K.

    2006-06-15

    Electron-impact excitation of the (3p{sup 5}4s4p){sup 4}S quasimetastable level in potassium has been investigated both experimentally and theoretically for incident energies up to 3 eV above the excitation threshold. The ejected-electron excitation function measured with an energy resolution of 0.25 eV suggests the presence of several strong resonances just above threshold. Satisfactory agreement with the excitation cross section obtained from a sophisticated B-spline R-matrix model with nonorthogonal orbitals supports the importance of K{sup -} resonances predominantly of the (3p{sup 5}4s4p{sup 2}) configuration. Good agreement between theory and experiment is also obtained for the optical excitation function measured earlier with a lower energy resolution of {approx_equal}1.2 eV. The branching ratios for decay of the (3p{sup 5}4s4p){sup 4}S{sub 3/2} level into the electron emission and the optical channels were obtained as 0.16 and 0.69, respectively.

  11. Moon (Form-Origin)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tsiapas, Elias

    2014-05-01

    When the Earth was formed, it was in a state of burning heat. As time went by, temperature on the planet's surface was falling due to radiation and heat transfer, and various components (crusts) began taking solid form at the Earth's poles. The formation of crusts took place at the Earth's poles, because the stirring of burning and fluid masses on the surface of the Earth was significantly slighter there than it was on the equator. Due to centrifugal force and Coriolis Effect, these solid masses headed towards the equator; those originating from the North Pole followed a south-western course, while those originating from the South Pole followed a north-western course and there they rotated from west to east at a lower speed than the underlying burning and liquid earth, because of their lower initial linear velocity, their solid state and inertia. Because inertia is proportional to mass, the initially larger solid body swept all new solid ones, incorporating them to its western side. The density of the new solid masses was higher, because the components on the surface would freeze and solidify first, before the underlying thicker components. As a result, the western side of the initial islet of solid rocks submerged, while the east side elevated. . As a result of the above, this initial islet began to spin in reverse, and after taking on the shape of a sphere, it formed the "heart" of the Moon. The Moon-sphere, rolling on the equator, would sink the solid rocks that continued to descend from the Earth's poles. The sinking rocks partially melted because of higher temperatures in the greater depths that the Moon descended to, while part of the rocks' mass bonded with the Moon and also served as a heat-insulating material, preventing the descended side of the sphere from melting. Combined with the Earth's liquid mass that covered its emerging eastern surface, new sphere-shaped shells were created, with increased density and very powerful structural cohesion. During the

  12. Moon (Form-Origin)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tsiapas, Elias

    2015-04-01

    When the Earth was formed, it was in a state of burning heat. As time went by, temperature on the planet's surface was falling due to radiation and heat transfer, and various components (crusts) began taking solid form at the Earth's poles. The formation of crusts took place at the Earth's poles, because the stirring of burning and fluid masses on the surface of the Earth was significantly slighter there than it was on the equator. Due to centrifugal force and Coriolis Effect, these solid masses headed towards the equator; those originating from the North Pole followed a south-western course, while those originating from the South Pole followed a north-western course and there they rotated from west to east at a lower speed than the underlying burning and liquid earth, because of their lower initial linear velocity, their solid state and inertia. Because inertia is proportional to mass, the initially larger solid body swept all new solid ones, incorporating them to its western side. The density of the new solid masses was higher, because the components on the surface would freeze and solidify first, before the underlying thicker components. As a result, the western side of the initial islet of solid rocks submerged, while the east side elevated. . As a result of the above, this initial islet began to spin in reverse, and after taking on the shape of a sphere, it formed the "heart" of the Moon. The Moon-sphere, rolling on the equator, would sink the solid rocks that continued to descend from the Earth's poles. The sinking rocks partially melted because of higher temperatures in the greater depths that the Moon descended to, while part of the rocks' mass bonded with the Moon and also served as a heat-insulating material, preventing the descended side of the sphere from melting. Combined with the Earth's liquid mass that covered its emerging eastern surface, new sphere-shaped shells were created, with increased density and very powerful structural cohesion. During the

  13. Moon (Form-Origin)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tsiapas, Elias

    2016-04-01

    When the Earth was formed, it was in a state of burning heat. As time went by, temperature on the planet's surface was falling due to radiation and heat transfer, and various components (crusts) began taking solid form at the Earth's poles. The formation of crusts took place at the Earth's poles, because the stirring of burning and fluid masses on the surface of the Earth was significantly slighter there than it was on the equator. Due to centrifugal force and Coriolis Effect, these solid masses headed towards the equator; those originating from the North Pole followed a south-western course, while those originating from the South Pole followed a north-western course and there they rotated from west to east at a lower speed than the underlying burning and liquid earth, because of their lower initial linear velocity, their solid state and inertia. Because inertia is proportional to mass, the initially larger solid body swept all new solid ones, incorporating them to its western side. The density of the new solid masses was higher, because the components on the surface would freeze and solidify first, before the underlying thicker components. As a result, the western side of the initial islet of solid rocks submerged, while the east side elevated. . As a result of the above, this initial islet began to spin in reverse, and after taking on the shape of a sphere, it formed the "heart" of the Moon. The Moon-sphere, rolling on the equator, would sink the solid rocks that continued to descend from the Earth's poles. The sinking rocks partially melted because of higher temperatures in the greater depths that the Moon descended to, while part of the rocks' mass bonded with the Moon and also served as a heat-insulating material, preventing the descended side of the sphere from melting. Combined with the Earth's liquid mass that covered its emerging eastern surface, new sphere-shaped shells were created, with increased density and very powerful structural cohesion. During the

  14. How delusion is formed?

    PubMed

    Park, Jong Suk; Kang, Ung Gu

    2016-02-01

    Traditionally, delusions have been considered to be the products of misinterpretation and irrationality. However, some theorists have argued that delusions are normal or rational cognitive responses to abnormal experiences. That is, when a recently experienced peculiar event is more plausibly explained by an extraordinary hypothesis, confidence in the veracity of this extraordinary explanation is reinforced. As the number of such experiences, driven by the primary disease process in the perceptual domain, increases, this confidence builds and solidifies, forming a delusion. We tried to understand the formation of delusions using a simulation based on Bayesian inference. We found that (1) even if a delusional explanation is only marginally more plausible than a non-delusional one, the repetition of the same experience results in a firm belief in the delusion. (2) The same process explains the systematization of delusions. (3) If the perceived plausibility of the explanation is not consistent but varies over time, the development of a delusion is delayed. Additionally, this model may explain why delusions are not corrected by persuasion or rational explanation. This Bayesian inference perspective can be considered a way to understand delusions in terms of rational human heuristics. However, such experiences of "rationality" can lead to irrational conclusions, depending on the characteristics of the subject. PMID:26826642

  15. How desert varnish forms?

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Perry, Randall S.; Kolb, Vera M.; Lynne, Bridget Y.; Sephton, Mark A.; Mcloughlin, Nicola; Engel, Michael H.; Olendzenski, Lorraine; Brasier, Martin; Staley, James T., Jr.

    2005-09-01

    Desert varnish is a black, manganese-rich rock coating that is widespread on Earth. The mechanism underlying its formation, however, has remained unresolved. We present here new data and an associated model for how desert varnish forms, which substantively challenges previously accepted models. We tested both inorganic processes (e.g. clays and oxides cementing coatings) and microbial methods of formation. Techniques used in this preliminary study include SEM-EDAX with backscatter, HRTEM of focused ion beam prepared (FIB) wafers and several other methods including XRPD, Raman spectroscopy, XPS and Tof-SIMS. The only hypothesis capable of explaining a high water content, the presence of organic compounds, an amorphous silica phase (opal-A) and lesser quantities of clays than previously reported, is a mechanism involving the mobilization and redistribution of silica. The discovery of silica in desert varnish suggests labile organics are preserved by interaction with condensing silicic acid. Organisms are not needed for desert varnish formation but Bacteria, Archaea, Eukarya, and other organic compounds are passively incorporated and preserved as organominerals. The rock coatings thus provide useful records of past environments on Earth and possibly other planets. Additionally this model also helps to explain the origin of key varnish and rock glaze features, including their hardness, the nature of the "glue" that binds heterogeneous components together, its layered botryoidal morphology, and its slow rate of formation.

  16. New education coalition formed

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Watt Ireto, M. Frank

    The Coalition for Earth Science Education (CESE) was recently formed to promote Earth science education at all levels. Earth science is a diverse group of sciences and as a result, professional and academic organizations from the various areas, though united in their goal to stimulate student enthusiasm for the Earth sciences, have not had an effective way of reaching students or their precollege teachers. Over the past year, meetings sponsored by the National Academy of Science's Board on Earth Sciences and Resources and the National Science Foundation have paved the way for this coalition. Victor Mayer, Director of the Program for Leadership in Earth Systems Science (PLESE) project at the University of Ohio, has been the leader in initiating and promoting this effort for the last several years.The purpose of CESE is to promote communication among the member organizations and to coordinate projects in Earth science education. Individual organizations will continue to develop and run projects, but will be able to find out what types of projects others are working on or have completed through a coalition clearinghouse. The clearinghouse should aid organizations as they design projects and should afford opportunities for collaborative efforts. This will directly benefit teachers, who will be able to contact one source for information on the multitude of projects in the Earth and space sciences. The new coalition's steering committee is working on goals and guidelines, and will give a report at the next coalition meeting at the National Science Teachers Association annual convention in Boston.

  17. Watching How Planets Form

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    2006-09-01

    Anatomy of a Planet-Forming Disc around a Star More Massive than the Sun With the VISIR instrument on ESO's Very Large Telescope, astronomers have mapped the disc around a star more massive than the Sun. The very extended and flared disc most likely contains enough gas and dust to spawn planets. It appears as a precursor of debris discs such as the one around Vega-like stars and thus provides the rare opportunity to witness the conditions prevailing prior to or during planet formation. "Planets form in massive, gaseous and dusty proto-planetary discs that surround nascent stars. This process must be rather ubiquitous as more than 200 planets have now been found around stars other than the Sun," said Pierre-Olivier Lagage, from CEA Saclay (France) and leader of the team that carried out the observations. "However, very little is known about these discs, especially those around stars more massive than the Sun. Such stars are much more luminous and could have a large influence on their disc, possibly quickly destroying the inner part." The astronomers used the VISIR instrument [1] on ESO's Very Large Telescope to map in the infrared the disc surrounding the young star HD 97048. With an age of a few million years [2], HD 97048 belongs to the Chameleon I dark cloud, a stellar nursery 600 light-years away. The star is 40 times more luminous than our Sun and is 2.5 times as massive. The astronomers could only have achieved such a detailed view due to the high angular resolution offered by an 8-metre size telescope in the infrared, reaching a resolution of 0.33 arcsecond. They discovered a very large disc, at least 12 times more extended than the orbit of the farthest planet in the Solar System, Neptune. The observations suggest the disc to be flared. "This is the first time such a structure, predicted by some theoretical models, is imaged around a massive star," said Lagage. ESO PR Photo 36/06 ESO PR Photo 36/06 A Flared Proto-Planetary Disc Such a geometry can only be

  18. Waste form product characteristics

    SciTech Connect

    Taylor, L.L.; Shikashio, R.

    1995-01-01

    The Department of Energy has operated nuclear facilities at the Idaho National Engineering Laboratory (INEL) to support national interests for several decades. Since 1953, it has supported the development of technologies for the storage and reprocessing of spent nuclear fuels (SNF) and the resultant wastes. However, the 1992 decision to discontinue reprocessing of SNF has left nearly 768 MT of SNF in storage at the INEL with unspecified plans for future dispositioning. Past reprocessing of these fuels for uranium and other resource recovery has resulted in the production of 3800 M{sup 3} calcine and a total inventory of 7600 M{sup 3} of radioactive liquids (1900 M{sup 3} destined for immediate calcination and the remaining sodium-bearing waste requiring further treatment before calcination). These issues, along with increased environmental compliance within DOE and its contractors, mandate operation of current and future facilities in an environmentally responsible manner. This will require satisfactory resolution of spent fuel and waste disposal issues resulting from the past activities. A national policy which identifies requirements for the disposal of SNF and high level wastes (HLW) has been established by the Nuclear Waste Policy Act (NWPA) Sec.8,(b) para(3)) [1982]. The materials have to be conditioned or treated, then packaged for disposal while meeting US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) regulations. The spent fuel and HLW located at the INEL will have to be put into a form and package that meets these regulatory criteria. The emphasis of Idaho Chemical Processing Plant (ICPP) future operations has shifted toward investigating, testing, and selecting technologies to prepare current and future spent fuels and waste for final disposal. This preparation for disposal may include mechanical, physical and/or chemical processes, and may differ for each of the various fuels and wastes.

  19. An exceptional 5:4 enantiomeric structure.

    PubMed

    Wachter, Erin; Glazer, Edith C; Parkin, Sean; Brock, Carolyn Pratt

    2016-04-01

    The only crystals that could be grown from racemic solutions of the PF6(-) salt of the resolvable cation [Ru(2,9-dimethyl-1,10-phenanthroline)2(dipyrido[3,2-d:2',3'-f]quinoxaline)](2+) have translational symmetry only (space group P1), contain nine independent sets of ions, and include numerous independent solvent molecules (11 acetone, one diethyl ether and possibly several water molecules). Layers of hydrophobic cations alternate with layers containing most of the anions and solvent molecules. All nine cations have the same basic conformation, which is distorted by the presence of the methyl substituents on the two 1,10-phenanthroline ligands. Four pairs of enantiomeric cations within a layer are related by approximate inversion centers; the ninth cation, which shows no sign of disorder, makes the layer chiral. Within the cation layers stripes parallel to [110] of six cations alternate with stripes of three; the local symmetry and the cation orientations are different in the two stripes. These stripes are reflected in the organization of the anion/solvent layer. The ca 80:20 inversion twinning found indicates that enantiomeric preference is transmitted less perfectly across the anion/solvent layer than within the cation layer. The structure is exceptional in having nine independent formula units and an unbalanced set (ratio 4:5) of resolvable enantiomers. The difficulty in growing crystals of this material is consistent with its structural complexity. PMID:27048724

  20. 5,4,3,2,...Thumbs Up!

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brannon, Frank

    1997-01-01

    Presents activities for K-4 students that explore two areas of body mechanics--bones and joints--with an emphasis on the human hand. Relates knowledge of how the body functions to comparable examples in robotics such as the "hand" of the Canadarm of the space shuttle. Activities are geared for students in pairs. (AIM)

  1. LAURA Users Manual: 5.4-54166

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Mazaheri, Alireza; Gnoffo, Peter A.; Johnston, Christopher O.; Kleb, Bil

    2011-01-01

    This users manual provides in-depth information concerning installation and execution of Laura, version 5. Laura is a structured, multi-block, computational aerothermodynamic simulation code. Version 5 represents a major refactoring of the original Fortran 77 Laura code toward a modular structure afforded by Fortran 95. The refactoring improved usability and maintainability by eliminating the requirement for problem dependent re-compilations, providing more intuitive distribution of functionality, and simplifying interfaces required for multi-physics coupling. As a result, Laura now shares gas-physics modules, MPI modules, and other low-level modules with the Fun3D unstructured-grid code. In addition to internal refactoring, several new features and capabilities have been added, e.g., a GNU-standard installation process, parallel load balancing, automatic trajectory point sequencing, free-energy minimization, and coupled ablation and flowfield radiation.

  2. Doing Focus-on-Form.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ellis, Rod; Basturkmen, Helen; Loewen, Shawn

    2002-01-01

    Considers the rationale for using a focus on form approach to teaching form as opposed to the more traditional focus on forms approach where linguistic features are treated sequentially. Describes methodological options for attending to form in communication. (Author/VWL)

  3. Science Grade 7, Long Form.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    New York City Board of Education, Brooklyn, NY. Bureau of Curriculum Development.

    The Grade 7 Science course of study was prepared in two parallel forms. A short form designed for students who had achieved a high measure of success in previous science courses; the long form for those who have not been able to maintain the pace. Both forms contain similar content. The Grade 7 guide is the first in a three-year sequence for…

  4. Ammonia thermometry of star-forming galaxies

    SciTech Connect

    Mangum, Jeffrey G.; MacGregor, Meredith; Svoboda, Brian E.; Darling, Jeremy; Henkel, Christian; Menten, Karl M.; Schinnerer, Eva E-mail: mmacgreg@fas.harvard.edu E-mail: jdarling@origins.colorado.edu E-mail: kmenten@mpifr-bonn.mpg.de

    2013-12-10

    With a goal toward deriving the physical conditions in external galaxies, we present a study of the ammonia (NH{sub 3}) emission and absorption in a sample of star-forming systems. Using the unique sensitivities to kinetic temperature afforded by the excitation characteristics of several inversion transitions of NH{sub 3}, we have continued our characterization of the dense gas in star-forming galaxies by measuring the kinetic temperature in a sample of 23 galaxies and one galaxy offset position selected for their high infrared luminosity. We derive kinetic temperatures toward 13 galaxies, 9 of which possess multiple kinetic temperature and/or velocity components. Eight of these galaxies exhibit kinetic temperatures >100 K, which are in many cases at least a factor of two larger than kinetic temperatures derived previously. Furthermore, the derived kinetic temperatures in our galaxy sample, which are in many cases at least a factor of two larger than derived dust temperatures, point to a problem with the common assumption that dust and gas kinetic temperatures are equivalent. As previously suggested, the use of dust emission at wavelengths greater than 160 μm to derive dust temperatures, or dust heating from older stellar populations, may be skewing derived dust temperatures in these galaxies to lower values. We confirm the detection of high-excitation OH {sup 2}Π{sub 3/2} J = 9/2 absorption toward Arp 220. We also report the first detections of non-metastable NH{sub 3} inversion transitions toward external galaxies in the (2,1) (NGC 253, NGC 660, IC 342, and IC 860), (3,1), (3,2), (4,3), (5,4) (all in NGC 660), and (10,9) (Arp 220) transitions.

  5. Ammonia Thermometry of Star-Forming Galaxies

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mangum, Jeffrey G.; Darling, Jeremy; Henkel, Christian; Menten, Karl M.; MacGregor, Meredith; Svoboda, Brian E.; Schinnerer, Eva

    2013-12-01

    With a goal toward deriving the physical conditions in external galaxies, we present a study of the ammonia (NH3) emission and absorption in a sample of star-forming systems. Using the unique sensitivities to kinetic temperature afforded by the excitation characteristics of several inversion transitions of NH3, we have continued our characterization of the dense gas in star-forming galaxies by measuring the kinetic temperature in a sample of 23 galaxies and one galaxy offset position selected for their high infrared luminosity. We derive kinetic temperatures toward 13 galaxies, 9 of which possess multiple kinetic temperature and/or velocity components. Eight of these galaxies exhibit kinetic temperatures >100 K, which are in many cases at least a factor of two larger than kinetic temperatures derived previously. Furthermore, the derived kinetic temperatures in our galaxy sample, which are in many cases at least a factor of two larger than derived dust temperatures, point to a problem with the common assumption that dust and gas kinetic temperatures are equivalent. As previously suggested, the use of dust emission at wavelengths greater than 160 μm to derive dust temperatures, or dust heating from older stellar populations, may be skewing derived dust temperatures in these galaxies to lower values. We confirm the detection of high-excitation OH 2Π3/2 J = 9/2 absorption toward Arp 220. We also report the first detections of non-metastable NH3 inversion transitions toward external galaxies in the (2,1) (NGC 253, NGC 660, IC 342, and IC 860), (3,1), (3,2), (4,3), (5,4) (all in NGC 660), and (10,9) (Arp 220) transitions.

  6. Leachates formed carbonates in ALH84001 and on early Mars

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Melwani Daswani, M.; Grady, M. M.; Schwenzer, S. P.; Wright, I. P.

    2013-09-01

    Evidence abounds for liquid water existing on Mars prior to the late heavy bombardment (LHB) ~3.9 Ga ago and physicochemically interacting with rocks to form distinct geomorphological landforms and mineralogical alteration products (e.g. [3, 4, 8, 14]). ALH84001, the oldest (~4.5-4.1 Ga [11, 13]) known martian meteorite, contains secondary carbonate minerals formed on Mars ~3.9-4.0 Ga ago [5], roughly contemporaneous to the LHB. Recent isotopic evidence supports their formation at low temperature (~18 °C [9]) and also by fluids derived from aqueous weathering in the Noachian/Phyllosian, due to the elevated 87Sr/86Sr ratios in the carbonates and bulk rock of ALH84001 [1].

  7. Synthesis of mono-amidinate-ligated rare-earth-metal bis(silylamide) complexes and their reactivity with [Ph3C][B(C6F5)4], AlMe3 and isoprene.

    PubMed

    Luo, Yunjie; Lei, Yinlin; Fan, Shimin; Wang, Yibin; Chen, Jue

    2013-03-21

    Amine elimination of rare-earth-metal tris(silylamide) complexes Ln[N(SiHMe(2))(2)](3)(THF)(x) (Ln = Sc, x = 1; Ln = Y, x = 2) with 1 equiv. of the amidines [PhC(N-2,6-R(2)C(6)H(3))(2)]H afforded a series of neutral mono(amidinate) rare-earth-metal bis(silylamide) complexes [PhC(N-2,6-R(2)C(6)H(3))(2)]Ln[N(SiHMe(2))(2)](2)(THF)(y) (R = Me, Ln = Sc, y = 0 (1); R = Me, Ln = Y, y = 1 (2); R = (i)Pr, Ln = Y, y = 1 (3)). Treatment of 1-3 with 1 equiv. of [Ph(3)C][B(C(6)F(5))(4)] in THF generated the corresponding cationic amidinate rare-earth-metal mono(silylamide) complexes [{PhC(N-2,6-R(2)C(6)H(3))(2)}Ln{N(SiHMe(2))(2)}(THF)(3)][B(C(6)F(5))(4)] (R = Me, Ln = Sc (4), Y (5); R = (i)Pr, Ln = Y (6)). When 1-3 were first activated with 1 equiv. of [Ph(3)C][B(C(6)F(5))(4)] in toluene, then treatment with THF gave the unexpected cationic amidinate rare-earth-metal amide complexes [{PhC(N-2,6-R(2)C(6)H(3))(2)}LnN{SiHMe(2)}{SiMe(2)N(SiHMe(2))(2)}(THF)(n)][B(C(6)F(5))(4)] (R = Me, Ln = Sc, n = 2 (7); R = Me, Ln = Y, n = 4 (8); R = (i)Pr, Ln = Y, n = 2 (9)). The reaction of 1-3 with excess AlMe(3) produced the heterometallic Ln/Al methyl complexes [PhC(N-2,6-R(2)C(6)H(3))(2)]Ln[(μ-Me)(2)AlMe(2)](2) (R = Me, Ln = Sc (10), Y (11); R = (i)Pr, Ln = Y (12)). All these complexes were well-characterized by elemental analysis, NMR spectroscopy and FT-IR spectroscopy. 2, 6 and 11 were further structurally authenticated by X-ray crystallography. The binary catalyst system of 1/[Ph(3)C][B(C(6)F(5))(4)] in toluene showed activity toward 3,4-selective polymerization of isoprene, whilst the tertiary catalyst systems of 1-3/[Ph(3)C][B(C(6)F(5))(4)]/AlMe(3) were highly active for cis-1,4-selective polymerization of isoprene. PMID:23340682

  8. Synthesis and photophysical properties of the photoactivatable cationic porphyrin 5-(4-N-dodecylpyridyl)-10,15,20-tri(4-N-methylpyridyl)-21H,23H-porphyrin tetraiodide for anti-malaria PDT.

    PubMed

    Stallivieri, Aurélie; Le Guern, Florent; Vanderesse, Régis; Meledje, Esme; Jori, Giulio; Frochot, Céline; Acherar, Samir

    2015-07-01

    This article describes a new synthetic method for obtaining three water soluble porphyrins. The more sophisticated porphyrin [5-(4-N-dodecylpyridyl)-10,15,20-tri(4-N-methylpyridyl)-21H,23H-porphyrin tetraiodide], also named C12 porphyrin, was obtained through a three step methodology. The improvements, compared to syntheses described in the literature, mostly concern the purification procedures. The photophysical properties of the three porphyrins are described and the C12 porphyrin presents a very good (1)O2 yield compared to its chemical intermediates. This porphyrin seems to be a very promising candidate for PDT applications. PMID:26066986

  9. LC-UV-Guided Isolation and Structure Determination of Lancolide E: A Nortriterpenoid with a Tetracyclo[5.4.0.0(2,4).0(3,7)]undecane-Bridged System from a "Talented" Schisandra Plant.

    PubMed

    Shi, Yi-Ming; Cai, Song-Liang; Li, Xiao-Nian; Liu, Miao; Shang, Shan-Zhai; Du, Xue; Xiao, Wei-Lie; Pu, Jian-Xin; Sun, Han-Dong

    2016-01-01

    Lancolide E (1) featuring a complex tetracyclo[5.4.0.0(2,4).0(3,7)]undecane-bridged system that is constructed by an eight-, a three-, and two five-membered carbon rings in a sterically congested region was obtained in trace amounts from a "talented" schinortriterpenoid producer Schisandra lancifolia. Its structure was fully characterized by combining 2D NMR spectroscopy, theoretical calculations, and X-ray diffraction analysis. The biogenetic pathway of 1 was proposed to involve a Prins cyclization. PMID:26673855

  10. Search for Randall-Sundrum gravitons in the dielectron and diphoton final states with 5.4fb$^{-1}$ of data from $p\\bar{p}$ collisions at $\\sqrt{s}=1.96$ TeV

    SciTech Connect

    Abazov, Victor Mukhamedovich; Abbott, Braden Keim; Abolins, Maris A.; Acharya, Bannanje Sripath; Adams, Mark Raymond; Adams, Todd; Aguilo, Ernest; Alexeev, Guennadi D.; Alkhazov, Georgiy D.; Alton, Andrew K.; Alverson, George O.; /Northeastern U. /Rio de Janeiro, CBPF

    2010-04-01

    Using 5.4 fb{sup -1} of integrated luminosity from p{bar p} collisions at {radical}s = 1.96 TeV collected by the D0 detector at the Fermilab Tevatron Collider, we search for decays of the lightest Kaluza-Klein mode of the graviton in the Randall-Sundrum model to ee and {gamma}{gamma}. We set 95% C.L. lower limits on the mass of the lightest graviton between 560 GeV and 1050 GeV for values of the coupling k/{bar M}{sub Pl} between 0.01 and 0.1.

  11. Synthesis and orthogonal functionalization of oxazolo[5',4':4,5]pyrano[2,3-b]pyridine by intra- and intermolecular Pd-catalyzed direct C-H bond heteroarylation.

    PubMed

    Théveau, Laure; Schneider, Cédric; Querolle, Olivier; Meerpoel, Lieven; Levacher, Vincent; Hoarau, Christophe

    2016-04-01

    The construction and subsequent orthogonal functionalization of a hitherto unknown oxazolo[5',4':4,5]pyrano[2,3-b]pyridine are reported. A palladium-catalyzed direct C-H bond functionalization methodology was used to build the tricyclic scaffold as well as to achieve the subsequent C-H bond functionalization at the C-2 position of the oxazole unit with various (hetero)aryl iodides. Remarkably, selective C-H construction and functionalization procedures preserve the chorine atom on the pyridine moiety offering a late-stage substitution site to progress drug design. PMID:26967763

  12. Heated die facilitates tungsten forming

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Chattin, J. H.; Haystrick, J. E.; Laughlin, J. C.; Leidy, R. A.

    1966-01-01

    Tungsten forming in a press brake employs a bottom die assembly with a heating manifold between two water-cooled die sections. The manifold has hydrogen-oxygen burners spaced along its length for even heat during forming.

  13. Investigating Form-Focused Instruction.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ellis, Rod

    2001-01-01

    Provides an historical sketch of form-focused instruction research, defines what is meant by form-focused instruction, and discusses the main research methods that have been used to investigate form-focused instruction in terms of a broad distinction between confirmatory and interpretive research. (Author/VWL)

  14. Electronic structure, hydrogen bonding and spectroscopic profile of a new 1,2,4-triazole-5(4H)-thione derivative: A combined experimental and theoretical (DFT) analysis

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Al-Tamimi, Abdul-Malek S.

    2016-09-01

    Density functional theory has been implemented to study the electronic structure, molecular properties and vibrational spectra of 3-(adamantan-1-yl)-4-(4-chlorophenyl)-1H-1,2,4-triazole-5(4H)-thione, a novel 1,2,4-triazole-5(4H)-thione derivative. Hydrogen bonded dimer of the title molecule has been studied using B3LYP, M06-2X and X3LYP functionals at 6-311++ G(d,p) level of theory. The intermolecular hydrogen bonding has been studied using NBO analysis of the dimer. Bader's AIM theory was also used to evaluate the strength as well as the hydrogen bonding characteristics. Experimental FT-IR and FT-Raman spectra of the title molecule were related with the spectral data obtained with DFT/B3LYP method. The 1H NMR chemical shifts of the title molecule were calculated by the GIAO method and compared with experimental results. Dipole moment, polarizability (α), first order static hyperpolarizability (β) along with molecular electrostatic potential surface have been calculated. Frequency-dependent first hyperpolarizabilities, β(-2ω;ω,ω) and β(-ω;ω,0) have also been evaluated to study the non-linear optical behavior of the title compound. UV-Vis spectrum of the title molecule was recorded and TD-DFT method has been used to calculate six lowest excited states and the corresponding excitation energies.

  15. Influence of pseudohalide anions on the structural assembly of Cd(II) coordination polymers with 3,4-bis(3-pyridyl)-5-(4-pyridyl)-1,2,4-triazole

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chen, Jing; Li, Ming-Ze; Sun, Nan; Guo, Jian-Hua

    2016-02-01

    Four CdII coordination polymers, namely {[Cd(L334)(Cl)2](CH3OH)}n (1), [Cd(L334)(Cl)(dca)]n (2), {[Cd(L334)(Cl)1.33(N3)0.67](H2O)}n (3), and {[Cd(L334)(SCN)2(H2O)](H2O)1.5(CH3OH)}n (4), have been synthesized by the conventional reactions of CdCl2 and 3,4-bis(3-pyridyl)-5-(4-pyridyl)-1,2,4-triazole (L334) or in the presence of different pseudohalides dicyanamide (dca), azide (N3), and thiocyanate (SCN), respectively as auxiliary ligands. Complexes 1-3 exhibit the isostructural 2D layered network structures, whereas complex 4 shows a distinct 2D network with dimeric CdII subunits. The structural discrepancy in 1-4 indicates the significant influence of pseudohalide anions on the structural assembly of CdII coordination polymers with 3,4-bis(3-pyridyl)-5-(4-pyridyl)-1,2,4-triazole. In addition, thermogravimetric and fluorescent properties for all complexes and the ligand have also been investigated.

  16. [2',5'-Bis-O-(tert-butyldimethylsilyl)]-3'-spiro-5''-(4''-amino-1'',2''-oxathiole-2'',2''-dioxide) (TSAO) derivatives of purine and pyrimidinenucleosides as potent and selective inhibitors of human immunodeficiency virus type 1.

    PubMed Central

    Balzarini, J; Pérez-Pérez, M J; San-Félix, A; Velazquez, S; Camarasa, M J; De Clercq, E

    1992-01-01

    The [2',5'-bis-O-(tert-butyldimethylsilyl)]-3'-spiro-5''-(4''-amino- 1'',2''-oxathiole-2'',2''-dioxide) (TSAO) derivatives of ribofuranosylthymine, uridine, 5-bromouridine, 5-methylcytidine, inosine, and adenosine are potent and selective inhibitors of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) but not of other retroviruses (HIV-2, simian immunodeficiency virus, or Moloney murine sarcoma virus). The 50% effective concentration (EC50) of the most active TSAO congeners for inhibition of HIV-1 replication ranged from 0.034 to 0.44 microgram/ml. The 50% cytotoxic concentration (CC50) affecting the viability of MT-4 cells ranged from 2.35 to 18 micrograms/ml. The TSAO thymine derivative proved to be a highly selective inhibitor of HIV-1 reverse transcriptase but not of HIV-2 reverse transcriptase and DNA polymerase alpha. Introduction of an alkyl or alkenyl function at N3 of the thymine ring markedly decreased cytotoxicity but did not affect the antiviral activity of the compounds. The most potent (EC50, 0.034 microgram/ml) and most selective (CC50/EC50, 4088) inhibitor of HIV-1 replication proved to be the N3-methyl derivative of (1-[2',5'-bis-O-(tert-butyldimethylsilyl)beta-D-ribofuranosyl]thymine)- 3'-spiro-5''-(4''-amino-1'',2''-oxathiole-2'',2''-dioxide). This compound should be considered as a promising drug candidate for the treatment of HIV-1 infections. PMID:1510396

  17. Ultrasound- and Molecular Sieves-Assisted Synthesis, Molecular Docking and Antifungal Evaluation of 5-(4-(Benzyloxy)-substituted phenyl)-3-((phenylamino)methyl)-1,3,4-oxadiazole-2(3H)-thiones.

    PubMed

    Nimbalkar, Urja D; Tupe, Santosh G; Seijas Vazquez, Julio A; Khan, Firoz A Kalam; Sangshetti, Jaiprakash N; Nikalje, Anna Pratima G

    2016-01-01

    A novel series of 5-(4-(benzyloxy)substituted phenyl)-3-((phenyl amino)methyl)-1,3,4-oxadiazole-2(3H)-thione Mannich bases 6a-o were synthesized in good yield from the key compound 5-(4-(benzyloxy)phenyl)-1,3,4-oxadiazole-2(3H)-thione by aminomethylation with paraformaldehyde and substituted amines using molecular sieves and sonication as green chemistry tools. The antifungal activity of the new products was evaluated against seven human pathogenic fungal strains, namely, Candida albicans ATCC 24433, Candida albicans ATCC 10231, Candida glabrata NCYC 388, Cryptococcus neoformans ATCC 34664, Cryptococcus neoformans PRL 518, Aspergillus fumigatus NCIM 902 and Aspergillus niger ATCC 10578. The synthesized compounds 6d, 6f, 6g, 6h and 6j exhibited promising antifungal activity against the tested fungal pathogens. In molecular docking studies, derivatives 6c, 6f and 6i showed good binding at the active site of C. albicans cytochrome P450 enzyme lanosterol 14 α-demethylase. The in vitro antifungal activity results and docking studies indicated that the synthesized compounds have potential antifungal activity and can be further optimized as privileged scaffolds to design and develop potent antifungal drugs. PMID:27171073

  18. Warm Forming of Mg Sheets: From Incremental to Electromagnetic Forming

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ulacia, Ibai; Galdos, Lander; Esnaola, Jon Ander; Larrañaga, Jon; Arruebarrena, Gurutze; de Argandoña, Eneko Saenz; Hurtado, Iñaki

    2014-07-01

    Magnesium alloys are generating interest in the automotive and aeronautic industries due to their low density and potential to reduce gross vehicular weight. However, the formability of these alloys is poor and they are very difficult to be formed at room temperature due to their strong basal texture in rolled form. In this paper, the potential of magnesium alloy sheets to be processed at warm conditions is studied for four different forming technologies: incremental forming (IF), deep drawing (DD), hydroforming (HF), and electromagnetic forming (EMF). Forming mechanisms and process window are experimentally characterized by monitoring different process parameters. Special focus is made on the influence of the forming temperature and the strain rate. Thus, experiments at temperatures from room to 523 K (250 °C) and a wide range of strain rates, between 10-3 up to 103 s-1 according to each process nature and scope, are conducted. It is observed that, even the inherent forming rate range of each process vary considerably, increasing forming temperature increases formability for all of these forming processes. In the other hand, an opposing effect of the strain rate is observed between the quasi-static processes (IF, DD, and HF) and the high speed process (EMF). Thus, a detrimental effect on formability is observed when increasing strain rate for quasi-static processes, while a mild increase is observed for EMF.

  19. Index of NASA prefixed forms

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1992-01-01

    This Handbook sets forth information for the guidance of all users of the NASA Forms Management Program System. It is issued in accordance with the Federal Information Resources Management Regulation (FIRMR), Subpart 201-9.1. This Handbook sets forth an alpha-functional index of NASA-prefixed forms by title, identifying number, and unit of issue. The automated processing two-letter code (NF) has been substituted for the spelling out of the NASA form-prefix preceding the form number. To indicate a description in lieu of a distinct title, the entire reference under the Form Title/Description column has been enclosed in parentheses. A list of current forms, shown by number and page, is included for cross-reference and to preclude the ordering of those forms which have been deleted from the system. This Handbook will be updated, as appropriate. NHB 1420.2H dated July 1986, is cancelled.

  20. Molecular Outflows in Massive Star Forming Regions

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cunningham, Nichol

    2015-11-01

    This thesis presents millimetre continuum and molecular line observations exploring the properties of molecular outflows towards massive star forming regions. Massive stars produce some of the most energetic phenomena in the Galaxy, yet we still do not have a comprehensive understanding of how they actually form. Outflows are known to play a key role in this formation process and their properties, particularly how they change depending on the mass, luminosity and evolution of the driving source can shed light on how massive stars actually form. This thesis presents observations at both high (SMA 3 arcsecond) and low (JCMT 15 arcsecond) spatial resolution of the known jet/outflow tracers, SiO and 12CO, towards a sample massive star forming region drawn from the RMS survey. Furthermore, the presence of infall signatures is explored through observations of HCO+ and H13CO+, and the hot core nature of the regions is probed using tracers such as CH3CN, HC3N and CH3OH. SiO is detected towards approximately 50% of the massive young stellar objects and HII regions in the JCMT sample. The detection of SiO appears to be linked to the age of the RMS source, with the likely younger sources showing a stronger dependence with SiO. The presence of SiO also appears to be linked to the CO velocity, with SiO more efficiently tracing sources with higher velocity dispersions. In the MOPRA observations towards a sample of 33 RMS sources, CH3CN is detected towards 66% of the sources, with the redder likely younger sources having the largest rotational temperatures. This thesis presents the first interferometric SiO (5-4) and 12CO (2-1) observations, taken with the SMA, towards the massive star forming region G203.3166/NGC 2264-C. In this intermediate/massive star forming cluster, SiO is again tracing the youngest sources. Both the SiO and 12CO emission trace two bipolar, high velocity outflows towards the mm brightest, IR-dark, likely youngest sources in this reg! ion. In contrast the IR

  1. The semantics of biological forms.

    PubMed

    Albertazzi, Liliana; Canal, Luisa; Dadam, James; Micciolo, Rocco

    2014-01-01

    This study analyses how certain qualitative perceptual appearances of biological forms are correlated with expressions of natural language. Making use of the Osgood semantic differential, we presented the subjects with 32 drawings of biological forms and a list of 10 pairs of connotative adjectives to be put in correlations with them merely by subjective judgments. The principal components analysis made it possible to group the semantics of forms according to two distinct axes of variability: harmony and dynamicity. Specifically, the nonspiculed, nonholed, and flat forms were perceived as harmonic and static; the rounded ones were harmonic and dynamic. The elongated forms were somewhat disharmonious and somewhat static. The results suggest the existence in the general population of a correspondence between perceptual and semantic processes, and of a nonsymbolic relation between visual forms and their adjectival expressions in natural language. PMID:25669053

  2. Undercuts by Laser Shock Forming

    SciTech Connect

    Wielage, Hanna; Vollertsen, Frank

    2011-05-04

    In laser shock forming TEA-CO{sub 2}-laser induced shock waves are used to form metal foils, such as aluminum or copper. The process utilizes an initiated plasma shock wave on the target surface, which leads to a forming of the foil. A challenge in forming technologies is the manufacturing of undercuts. By conventional forming methods these special forms are not feasible. In this article, it is presented that undercuts in the micro range can be produced by laser shock deep drawing. Different drawing die diameters, drawing die depths and the material aluminum in the thicknesses 20 and 50 {mu}m were investigated. It will be presented that smaller die diameters facilitate undercuts compared to bigger die diameters. The phenomena can be explained by Barlow's formula. Furthermore, it is shown which maximum undercut depth at different die diameters can be reached. To this end, cross-sections of the different parameter combinations are displayed.

  3. Seal for fluid forming tools

    DOEpatents

    Golovashchenko, Sergey Fedorovich; Bonnen, John Joseph Francis

    2012-03-20

    An electro-hydraulic forming tool for forming a sheet metal blank in a one-sided die has first and second rigid rings that engage opposite sides of a sheet metal blank. The rigid rings are contained within slots on a die portion and a hydraulic force applicator portion of the forming tool. The seals are either resiliently biased by an elastomeric member or inherently resiliently biased into contact with the blank.

  4. System for forming janus particles

    DOEpatents

    Hong, Liang; Jiang, Shan; Granick, Steve

    2011-01-25

    The invention is a method of forming Janus particles, that includes forming an emulsion that contains initial particles, a first liquid, and a second liquid; solidifying the first liquid to form a solid that contains at least a portion of the initial particles on a surface of the solid; and treating the exposed particle sides with a first surface modifying agent, to form the Janus particles. Each of the initial particles on the surface has an exposed particle side and a blocked particle side.

  5. L Form of Neisseria gonorrhoeae

    PubMed Central

    Roberts, Richard B.

    1966-01-01

    Roberts, Richard B. (Walter Reed Army Institute of Research, Washington, D.C.). L form of Neisseria gonorrhoeae. J. Bacteriol. 92:1609–1614. 1966.—L forms were produced by the penicillin gradient plate technique from a recently isolated strain of Neisseria gonorrhoeae. To date, these L forms have had 30 serial passages on medium containing penicillin. Stabilized L forms developed on penicillin-free medium after 10 or more passages in the presence of penicillin. Morphological characteristics of these organisms were identical to L forms of meningococci. Medium and environmental conditions necessary for optimal growth included: Brain Heart Infusion of pH 7.2 to 7.4, 1.1 to 1.3% agar, 10 to 20% sucrose, 10 to 20% horse serum, temperature at 35 to 36 C, and increased CO2 tension (candle jar). L forms were more resistant than the parent gonococcus to penicillin, ampicillin, methicillin, cycloserine, and cephalothin, whereas both organisms had similar sensitivities to bacitracin, vancomycin, ristocetin, novobiocin, tetracycline, and erythromycin. Revertant gonococci were produced on penicillin-free medium from L forms which had had 1, 5, and 10 serial passages. Morphology and fermentative reactions of revertant strains were identical to those of the parent gonococcus. Revertant strains produced L forms more readily than the parent organism; in fact, L forms from certain revertants did not require penicillin, but only serum and sucrose for their production and propagation on artificial medium. Images PMID:4959715

  6. Search for a heavy neutral gauge boson in the dielectron channel with 5.4~fb$^{-1}$ of $\\mathbf{p\\bar{p}}$ collisions at $\\mathbf{\\sqrt{s} = 1.96}$~TeV

    SciTech Connect

    Abazov, Victor Mukhamedovich; Abazov, V.; Abbott, Braden Keim; Abolins, Maris A.; Acharya, Bannanje Sripath; Adams, Mark Raymond; Adams, Todd; Alexeev, Guennadi D.; Alkhazov, Georgiy D.; Alton, Andrew K.; Alverson, George O.; /Northeastern U. /Rio de Janeiro, CBPF /Nijmegen U.

    2010-08-01

    We report the results of a search for a heavy neutral gauge boson Z' decaying into the dielectron final state using data corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 5.4 fb{sup -1} collected by the D0 experiment at the Fermilab Tevatron Collider. No significant excess above the standard model prediction is observed in the dielectron invariant-mass spectrum. We set 95% C.L. upper limits on {sigma}(p{bar p} {yields} Z') x BR(Z' {yields} ee) depending on the dielectron invariant mass. These cross section limits are used to determine lower mass limits for Z' bosons in a variety of models with standard model couplings and variable strength.

  7. Pd-Catalyzed and Copper Assisted Regioselective Sequential C2 and C7 Arylation of Thiazolo[5,4-f]quinazolin-9(8H)-one with Aryl Halides.

    PubMed

    Harari, Marine; Couly, Florence; Fruit, Corinne; Besson, Thierry

    2016-07-01

    A selective functionalization of thiazolo[5,4-f]quinazolin-9(8H)-one has been developed through sequential activation of C-H bonds to furnish diarylated compounds. This strategy allows the regioselective C2 and C7 arylation by a judicious choice of coupling partners and bases, requiring no additional ligands or directing groups. Differently substituted N(8)-benzylated-2,7-diaryl-thiazoloquinazolin-9(8H)-ones were thereby obtained in a facile manner. A one-pot procedure was also performed. These protocols provide a synthetically useful route for late-stage functionalization of this highly valuable scaffold, required in drug discovery. PMID:27314437

  8. Synthesis, molecular structure and spectroscopic characterization of (E)-1-((2-hydroxynaphthalen-1-yl) methyleneamino)-5-(4-methoxybenzoyl)-4-(4-methoxyphenyl) pyrimidine-2(1H)-one with experimental techniques and theoretical calculations

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ceylan, Ümit; Hacıyusufoğlu, Mehmet Emin; Yalçınc, Şerife Pınar; Sönmez, Mehmet; Aygün, Muhittin

    2016-04-01

    A new Schiff base compound, (E)-1-((2-hydroxynaphthalen-1-yl) methyleneamino)-5-(4-methoxybenzoyl)-4-(4-methoxyphenyl) pyrimidine-2(1H)-one, formula sum is given by C30H23N3O5, was synthesized and characterized by experimentally and theoretically. Optimized molecular structure was obtained using X-ray diffraction in the ground state. FT-IR, NMR and UV-Vis frequencies have been measured and compared with theoretically obtained data by using by DFT/B3LYP method with 6-31G(d) and 6-311++G(d,p) basis set. In addition, molecular electrostatic potential (MEP), dipole moments, NBO analysis, atomic charges, HOMO-LUMO and molecular electrostatic potential were computed. The calculated results show that the optimized geometry can well reproduce the crystal structure parameters, and the theoretical vibrational frequencies, 1H and 13C NMR chemical shifts show good agreement with experimental values.

  9. Discovery of 3-(2-cyano-4-pyridyl)-5-(4-pyridyl)-1,2,4-triazole, FYX-051 - a xanthine oxidoreductase inhibitor for the treatment of hyperuricemia [corrected].

    PubMed

    Sato, Takahiro; Ashizawa, Naoki; Matsumoto, Koji; Iwanaga, Takashi; Nakamura, Hiroshi; Inoue, Tsutomu; Nagata, Osamu

    2009-11-01

    Our previous study identified 2-[2-(2-methoxyethoxy)ethoxy]-5-[5-(2-methyl-4-pyridyl)-1H-[1,2,4] triazol-3-yl]benzonitrile (2)[corrected]as a safe and potent xanthine oxidoreductase (XOR) inhibitor for the treatment of hyperuricemia. Here, we synthesized a series of 3,5-dipyridyl-1,2,4-triazole derivatives and, in particular, examined their in vivo activity in lowering the serum uric acid levels in rats. As a result, we identified 3-(2-cyano-4-pyridyl)-5-(4-pyridyl)-1,2,4-triazole (FYX-051, compound 39) [corrected] to be one of the most potent XOR inhibitors; it exhibited an extremely potent in vivo activity, weak CYP3A4-inhibitory activity and a better pharmacokinetic profile than compound 2. Compound 39 is currently being evaluated in a phase 2 clinical trial. PMID:19783139

  10. Quantum mechanical and spectroscopic (FT-IR, 13C, 1H NMR and UV) investigations of 2-(5-(4-Chlorophenyl)-3-(pyridin-2-yl)-4,5-dihydropyrazol-1-yl)benzo[d]thiazole by DFT method

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Diwaker

    2014-07-01

    The electronic, NMR, vibrational, structural properties of a new pyrazoline derivative: 2-(5-(4-Chlorophenyl)-3-(pyridine-2-yl)-4,5-dihydropyrazol-1-yl)benzo[d]thiazole has been studied using Gaussian 09 software package. Using VEDA 4 program we have reported the PED potential energy distribution of normal mode of vibrations of the title compound. We have also reported the 1H and 13C NMR chemical shifts of the title compound using B3LYP level of theory with 6-311++G(2d,2p) basis set. Using time dependent (TD-DFT) approach electronic properties such as HOMO and LUMO energies, electronic spectrum of the title compound has been studied and reported. NBO analysis and MEP surface mapping has also been calculated and reported using ab initio methods.

  11. Synthesis of 5,6-dihydro-4H-benzo[d]isoxazol-7-one and 5,6-dihydro-4H-isoxazolo[5,4-c]pyridin-7-one derivatives as potential Hsp90 inhibitors.

    PubMed

    Musso, Loana; Cincinelli, Raffaella; Giannini, Giuseppe; Manetti, Fabrizio; Dallavalle, Sabrina

    2015-11-01

    A novel class of 5,6-dihydro-4H-benzo[d]isoxazol-7-ones and 5,6-dihydro-4H-isoxazolo[5,4-c]pyridin-7-ones was designed, synthesized, and assayed to investigate the affinity toward Hsp90 protein. The synthetic route was based on a 1,3-dipolar cycloaddition of nitriloxides, generated in situ from suitable benzaldoximes, with 2-bromocyclohex-2-enones or 3-bromo-5,6-dihydro-1H-pyridin-2-ones. Whereas all the compounds bearing a benzamide group on the bicyclic scaffold were devoid of activity, the derivatives carrying a resorcinol-like fragment showed a remarkable inhibitory effect on Hsp90. Docking calculations were performed to investigate the orientation of the new compounds within the binding site of the enzyme. PMID:25855505

  12. Search for Higgs boson production in dilepton and missing energy final states with 5.4 fb-1 of p-pbar collisions at sqrt(s) =1.96 TeV

    SciTech Connect

    Abazov, V.M.; Abbott, B.; Abolins, M.; Acharya, Bannanje Sripath; Adams, M.; Adams, T.; Aguilo, E.; Alexeev, G.D.; Alkhazov, G.; Alton, A.; Alverson, G.; /Northeastern U. /Rio de Janeiro, CBPF

    2010-01-01

    A search for the standard model Higgs boson is presented using events with two charged leptons and large missing transverse energy selected from 5.4 fb{sup -1} of integrated luminosity in p{bar p} collisions at {radical}s = 1.96 TeV collected with the D0 detector at the Fermilab Tevatron Collider. No significant excess of events above background predictions is found, and observed (expected) upper limits at 95% confidence level on the rate of Higgs boson production are derived that are a factor of 1.55 (1.36) above the predicted standard model cross section at m{sub H} = 165 GeV.

  13. 3′-hydroxy-3,4,5,4′-tetramethoxystilbene, the metabolite of resveratrol analogue DMU-212, inhibits ovarian cancer cell growth in vitro and in a mice xenograft model

    PubMed Central

    Piotrowska-Kempisty, Hanna; Ruciński, Marcin; Borys, Sylwia; Kucińska, Małgorzata; Kaczmarek, Mariusz; Zawierucha, Piotr; Wierzchowski, Marcin; Łażewski, Dawid; Murias, Marek; Jodynis-Liebert, Jadwiga

    2016-01-01

    In screening studies, the cytotoxic activity of four metabolites of resveratrol analogue 3,4,5,4′-tetramethoxystilbene (DMU-212) against A-2780 and SKOV-3 ovarian cancer cells was investigated. The most active metabolite, 3′-hydroxy-3,4,5,4′-tetramethoxystilbene (DMU-214), was chosen for further studies. The cytotoxicity of DMU-214 was shown to be higher than that of the parent compound, DMU-212, in both cell lines tested. Since DMU-212 was supposed to undergo metabolic activation through its conversion to DMU-214, an attempt was made to elucidate the mechanism of its anti-proliferative activity. We found that in SKOV-3 cells lacking p53, DMU-214 induced receptor-mediated apoptosis. In A-2780 cell line with expression of wild-type p53, DMU-214 modulated the expression pattern of p53-target genes driving intrinsic and extrinsic apoptosis pathways, as well as DNA repair and damage prevention. Regardless of the up-regulation of p48, p53R2, sestrins and Gaad45 genes involved in cancer cell DNA repair, we demonstrated the stronger anti-proliferative and pro-apoptotic effects of DMU-214 in A-2780 cells when compared to those in SKOV-3. Hence we verified DMU-214 activity in the xenograft model using SCID mice injected with A-2780 cells. The strong anti-proliferative activity of DMU-214 in the in vivo model allowed to suggest the tested compound as a potential therapeutic in ovarian cancer treatment. PMID:27585955

  14. A 5.4-9.2 GHz 19.5 dB Complementary Metal-Oxide-Semiconductor Ultrawide-Band Receiver Front-End Low-Noise Amplifier

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Azhari, Afreen; Kubota, Shinichi; Toya, Akihiro; Sasaki, Nobuo; Kikkawa, Takamaro

    2011-04-01

    In this work, we present an ultrawide-band (UWB) complementary metal-oxide-semiconductor (CMOS) low-noise amplifier (LNA) for wireless communication in the upper UWB band, that is, from 5.4-9.2 GHz bandwidth with a wide-band 50 Ω input matching network in front of the LNA. A three-stage cascode-topology-based LNA with high-transconductance MOS transistors, was employed to improve the voltage gain up to 23 dB at 7.5 GHz, with 4.5-9.2 GHz 3 dB bandwidth. The maximum output power S21 was 19.5 dB at 7.3 GHz, with 5.4-9.2 GHz 3 dB bandwidth. The input matching circuit was designed with a reduced number of passive elements, resulting in an input reflection coefficient S11 of less than -10 dB from 4.5-9.2 GHz. The noise figure of the LNA was as low as 3.5 dB and the input-referred third-order intercept point (IIP3) was -8 dBm. The LNA has output reflection coefficient S22 of less than -10 dB from 5-7 GHz and a good reverse isolation, that is, S12 of < -45 dB in the entire UWB, due to a cascode topology. The LNA was fabricated using 180 nm CMOS technology, which consumes 56 mW power at 1.8 V power supply. In this paper, we also demonstrate a wireless communication of 7 GHz Gaussian monocycle pulse (GMP) by horn antennas and the LNA from 20 cm transmission distance.

  15. Improving the forming capability of laser dynamic forming by using rubber as a forming medium

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Shen, Zongbao; Liu, Huixia; Wang, Xiao; Wang, Cuntang

    2016-04-01

    Laser dynamic forming (LDF) is a novel high velocity forming technique, which employs laser-generated shock wave to load the sample. The forming velocity induced by the high energy laser pulse may exceed the critical forming velocity, resulting in the occurrence of premature fracture. To avoid the above premature fracture, rubber is introduced in LDF as a forming medium to prolong the loading duration in this paper. Laser induced shock wave energy is transferred to the sample in different forming stages, so the forming velocity can be kept below the critical forming velocity when the initial laser energy is high for fracture. Bulge forming experiments with and without rubber were performed to study the effect of rubber on loading duration. The experimental results show that, the shock wave energy attenuates during the propagation through the rubber layer, the rubber can avoid the premature fracture. So the plastic deformation can continue, the forming capability of LDF is improved. Due to the severe plastic deformation under rubber compression, adiabatic shear bands (ASB) occur in LDF with rubber. The material softening in ASB leads to the irregular fracture, which is different from the premature fracture pattern (regular fracture) in LDF without rubber. To better understand this deformation behavior, Johnson-Cook model is used to simulate the dynamic response and the evolution of ASB of copper sample. The simulation results also indicate the rubber can prolong the loading duration.

  16. Legal forms and reproductive norms.

    PubMed

    Fletcher, Ruth

    2003-06-01

    This article draws on Pashukanis's concept of legal form and on O'Brien's concept of synthetic value to argue that legal form plays a role in reproductive relations by constructing legal subjects as the bearers of reproductive responsibilities. Pashukanis conceived of legal form as playing a particular role in capitalist exchange relations by interpellating subjects as the bearers of property rights. O'Brien argued that reproduction's specific value is synthetic value, which represents the value of integrating nature and reason in species continuity. Synthetic value is distinct from exchange value or emotional value which may also attach to reproductive process. By working through Pashukanis's method of extracting legal form from specific social relations and by adapting it to reproductive relations, an example is provided of how legal form analysis can be extended beyond the particular context of capitalist exchange relations. Just as legal form constitutes owners and non-owners as legal subjects, so it constitutes reproducers and non-reproducers. By tracing the way in which law attributes reproductive responsibility, legal form analysis shows us how law draws a line between wanting to attribute responsibility and not to attribute it, and this contradiction is a hook which social forces such as sexuality, gender, race, class and disability can latch on to in pushing legal form to shape reproductive responsibilities in a particular way. Each legal form is also externally contradicted by other legal forms. When law negotiates a balance between the reproductive norms of responsibilities and rights, it demonstrates how particular legal forms manage the interaction of different sets of social relations, such as reproduction and exchange. PMID:15871155

  17. Automated Test-Form Generation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    van der Linden, Wim J.; Diao, Qi

    2011-01-01

    In automated test assembly (ATA), the methodology of mixed-integer programming is used to select test items from an item bank to meet the specifications for a desired test form and optimize its measurement accuracy. The same methodology can be used to automate the formatting of the set of selected items into the actual test form. Three different…

  18. When Permission Forms Work Best

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zirkel, Perry A.

    2005-01-01

    Public schools routinely require permission or release forms for field trips and other activities of potential liability. The legal status of such forms varies, but they are generally considered neither rock-solid protection nor legally valueless in terms of immunity. This article presents a case involving a student who sustained bicycle injuries…

  19. Method of forming ceramic bricks

    DOEpatents

    Poeppel, Roger B.; Claar, Terry D.; Silkowski, Peter

    1988-01-01

    A method for forming free standing ceramic bricks for use as tritium breeder material is disclosed. Aqueous solutions of sodium carbonate and potassium carbonate are mixed with an organic hydrocolloid dispersion and powdered lithium carbonate, spray dried, and ceramic bricks formed by molding in a die and firing.

  20. Method of forming ceramic bricks

    DOEpatents

    Poeppel, Roger B.; Claar, Terry D.; Silkowski, Peter

    1988-09-06

    A method for forming free standing ceramic bricks for use as tritium breeder material is disclosed. Aqueous solutions of sodium carbonate and potassium carbonate are mixed with an organic hydrocolloid dispersion and powdered lithium carbonate, spray dried, and ceramic bricks formed by molding in a die and firing.

  1. Method of forming ceramic bricks

    DOEpatents

    Poeppel, R.B.; Claar, T.D.; Silkowski, P.

    1987-04-22

    A method for forming free standing ceramic bricks for use as tritium breeder material is disclosed. Aqueous solutions of sodium carbonate and potassium carbonate are mixed with an organic hydrocolloid dispersion and powdered lithium carbonate, spray dried, and ceramic bricks formed by molding in a die and firing.

  2. Cutting Costs on Computer Forms.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rupp, Robert V., Jr.

    1989-01-01

    Using the experience of Ford Motor Company, Oscar Meyer, and IBM, this article shows that companies are enjoying high quality product performance and substantially lower costs by converting from premium white bond computer stock forms to blended bond forms. School administrators are advised to do likewise. (MLH)

  3. Organic forms of soil nitrogen

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    The chemical forms of soil organic nitrogen (N) are thought to influence the cycling rates of soil N. Limited evidence for this relationship is available, though, because until recently technical constraints have not allowed adequate elucidation of the chemical forms. Recent developments in spectros...

  4. Quantum modular forms, mock modular forms, and partial theta functions

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kimport, Susanna

    Defined by Zagier in 2010, quantum modular forms have been the subject of an explosion of recent research. Many of these results are aimed at discovering examples of these functions, which are defined on the rational numbers and have "nice" modularity properties. Though the subject is in its early stages, numerous results (including Zagier's original examples) show these objects naturally arising from many areas of mathematics as limits of other modular-like functions. One such family of examples is due to Folsom, Ono, and Rhoades, who connected these new objects to partial theta functions (introduced by Rogers in 1917) and mock modular forms (about which there is a rich theory, whose origins date back to Ramanujan in 1920). In this thesis, we build off of the work of Folsom, Ono, and Rhoades by providing an infinite family of quantum modular forms of arbitrary positive half-integral weight. Further, this family of quantum modular forms "glues" mock modular forms to partial theta functions and is constructed from a so-called "universal" mock theta function by extending a method of Eichler and Zagier (originally defined for holomorphic Jacobi forms) into a non-holomorphic setting. In addition to the infinite family, we explore the weight 1/2 and 3/2 functions in more depth. For both of these weights, we are able to explicitly write down the quantum modular form, as well as the corresponding "errors to modularity," which can be shown to be Mordell integrals of specific theta functions and, as a consequence, are real-analytic functions. Finally, we turn our attention to the partial theta functions associated with these low weight examples. Berndt and Kim provide asymptotic expansions for a certain class of partial theta functions as q approaches 1 radially within the unit disk. Here, we extend this work to not only obtain asymptotic expansions for this class of functions as q approaches any root of unity, but also for a certain class of derivatives of these functions

  5. Canonical forms for nonlinear systems

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Su, R.; Hunt, L. R.; Meyer, G.

    1983-01-01

    Necessary and sufficient conditions for transforming a nonlinear system to a controllable linear system have been established, and this theory has been applied to the automatic flight control of aircraft. These transformations show that the nonlinearities in a system are often not intrinsic, but are the result of unfortunate choices of coordinates in both state and control variables. Given a nonlinear system (that may not be transformable to a linear system), we construct a canonical form in which much of the nonlinearity is removed from the system. If a system is not transformable to a linear one, then the obstructions to the transformation are obvious in canonical form. If the system can be transformed (it is called a linear equivalent), then the canonical form is a usual one for a controllable linear system. Thus our theory of canonical forms generalizes the earlier transformation (to linear systems) results. Our canonical form is not unique, except up to solutions of certain partial differential equations we discuss. In fact, the important aspect of this paper is the constructive procedure we introduce to reach the canonical form. As is the case in many areas of mathematics, it is often easier to work with the canonical form than in arbitrary coordinate variables.

  6. Colloidal thermoresponsive gel forming hybrids.

    PubMed

    Liu, Ruixue; Tirelli, Nicola; Cellesi, Francesco; Saunders, Brian R

    2010-09-15

    Colloidal hybrids comprise organic and inorganic components and are attracting considerable attention in the literature. Recently, we reported hybrid anisotropic microsheets that formed thermoresponsive gels in polymer solutions [Liu et al., Langmuir, 25, 490, 2009]. Here, we investigate the composition and properties of these hybrid colloids themselves in detail for the first time. Three different cationic PNIPAm (N-isopropylacrylamide) graft copolymers and two inorganic nanoparticle types (laponite and Ludox silica) were used to prepare a range of hybrids. Anisotropic microsheets only formed when laponite particles were added to the copolymer implying directed self-assembly. Aqueous dispersions of the microsheets spontaneously formed gels at room temperature and these gels were thermoresponsive. They represent a new class of gel forming colloid and are termed thermoresponsive gel forming hybrids. The compositions of the hybrids were determined from thermogravimetric analysis and those that gave gel forming behaviour identified. Variable-temperature rheology experiments showed that the elasticity of the gels increased linearly with temperature. The reversibility of the thermally-triggered changes in gel elasticity was investigated. The concentration dependence of the rheology data was well described by elastic percolation scaling theory and the data could be collapsed onto a master curve. The concentration exponent for the elastic modulus was 2.5. The strong attractive interactions that exist between the dispersed gel forming hybrids was demonstrated by the formation of stable thermoresponsive hybrid hydrogels through casting of hybrid dispersions. PMID:20561633

  7. Poly[di-μ3-hy­droxy[μ4-5-(4-carb­oxy­phen­yl)pyridine-2-carboxyl­ato-κ5 N,O 2:O 2′:O 4:O 4′]dicadmium

    PubMed Central

    Meng, Fan-Jin; Jia, Heng-Qing; Hu, Ning-Hai; Zhou, Hua

    2012-01-01

    The asymmetric unit of the title polymeric complex, [Cd2(C13H7NO4)(OH)2]n, consists of two independent CdII atoms, one 5-(4-carb­oxy­phen­yl)pyridine-2-carboxyl­ate ligand and two hy­droxy groups. One CdII atom is six-coordinated by two O atoms from two ligand mol­ecules and by four μ3-OH groups in a distorted trigonal–prismatic geometry. The other is five-coordinated by one N and two O atoms from two ligands and by two μ3-OH groups, forming a distorted square-pyramidal geometry. The two independent CdII atoms are connected by the ligand mol­ecules and the OH groups into a three-dimensional framework. O—H⋯O hydrogen bonds between the OH groups and the carboxyl­ate O atoms are observed. PMID:23284345

  8. Process to form mesostructured films

    DOEpatents

    Brinker, C. Jeffrey; Anderson, Mark T.; Ganguli, Rahul; Lu, Yunfeng

    1999-01-01

    This invention comprises a method to form a family of supported films film with pore size in the approximate range 0.8-20 nm exhibiting highly ordered microstructures and porosity derived from an ordered micellar or liquid-crystalline organic-inorganic precursor structure that forms during film deposition. Optically transparent, 100-500-nm thick films exhibiting a unique range of microstructures and uni-modal pore sizes are formed in seconds in a continuous coating operation. Applications of these films include sensors, membranes, low dielectric constant interlayers, anti-reflective coatings, and optical hosts.

  9. Process to form mesostructured films

    DOEpatents

    Brinker, C.J.; Anderson, M.T.; Ganguli, R.; Lu, Y.F.

    1999-01-12

    This invention comprises a method to form a family of supported films with pore size in the approximate range 0.8-20 nm exhibiting highly ordered microstructures and porosity derived from an ordered micellar or liquid-crystalline organic-inorganic precursor structure that forms during film deposition. Optically transparent, 100-500-nm thick films exhibiting a unique range of microstructures and uni-modal pore sizes are formed in seconds in a continuous coating operation. Applications of these films include sensors, membranes, low dielectric constant interlayers, anti-reflective coatings, and optical hosts. 12 figs.

  10. Supergravity actions with integral forms

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Castellani, L.; Catenacci, R.; Grassi, P. A.

    2014-12-01

    Integral forms provide a natural and powerful tool for the construction of supergravity actions. They are generalizations of usual differential forms and are needed for a consistent theory of integration on supermanifolds. The group geometrical approach to supergravity and its variational principle are reformulated and clarified in this language. Central in our analysis is the Poincaré dual of a bosonic manifold embedded into a supermanifold. Finally, using integral forms we provide a proof of Gates' so-called "Ectoplasmic Integration Theorem", relating superfield actions to component actions.

  11. Triggered pore-forming agents

    DOEpatents

    Bayley, Hagan; Walker, Barbara J.; Chang, Chung-yu; Niblack, Brett; Panchal, Rekha

    1998-01-01

    An inactive pore-forming agent which is activated to lytic function by a condition such as pH, light, heat, reducing potential, or metal ion concentration, or substance such as a protease, at the surface of a cell.

  12. Process for forming planarized films

    DOEpatents

    Pang, Stella W.; Horn, Mark W.

    1991-01-01

    A planarization process and apparatus which employs plasma-enhanced chemical vapor deposition (PECVD) to form plarnarization films of dielectric or conductive carbonaceous material on step-like substrates.

  13. Arbitrary p-form Galileons

    SciTech Connect

    Deffayet, C.; Deser, S.; Esposito-Farese, G.

    2010-09-15

    We show that scalar, 0-form, Galileon actions--models whose field equations contain only second derivatives--can be generalized to arbitrary even p-forms. More generally, they need not even depend on a single form, but may involve mixed p combinations, including equal p multiplets, where odd p fields are also permitted: We construct, for given dimension D, general actions depending on scalars, vectors, and higher p-form field strengths, whose field equations are of exactly second derivative order. We also discuss and illustrate their curved-space generalizations, especially the delicate nonminimal couplings required to maintain this order. Concrete examples of pure and mixed actions, field equations, and their curved-space extensions are presented.

  14. Differential form analysis using MACSYMA

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Wahlquist, H. D.

    1977-01-01

    The MACSYMA file was written to perform these operations and discusses the improvements and additions which are needed to accomplish a complete and efficient implementation. Examples of differential form calculations are displayed.

  15. Confectionery-based dose forms.

    PubMed

    Tangso, Kristian J; Ho, Quy Phuong; Boyd, Ben J

    2015-01-01

    Conventional dosage forms such as tablets, capsules and syrups are prescribed in the normal course of practice. However, concerns about patient preferences and market demands have given rise to the exploration of novel unconventional dosage forms. Among these, confectionery-based dose forms have strong potential to overcome compliance problems. This report will review the availability of these unconventional dose forms used in treating the oral cavity and for systemic drug delivery, with a focus on medicated chewing gums, medicated lollipops, and oral bioadhesive devices. The aim is to stimulate increased interest in the opportunities for innovative new products that are available to formulators in this field, particularly for atypical patient populations. PMID:25146440

  16. Superplastic forming of alloy 718

    SciTech Connect

    Smith, G.D.; Flower, H.L. )

    1994-04-01

    Inconel Alloy 718 (UNS N07718) is now available in a fine-grained, controlled composition modification that can be super-plastically formed. The new superplastic forming (SPF) capability allows the manufacture of large, complex, and detailed parts, which improves integrity by reducing the need for joining. Furthermore, it allows designers to fabricate components having higher strength, fatigue resistance, and temperature capability than parts made of aluminum or titanium alloys.

  17. Method of forming pointed structures

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Pugel, Diane E. (Inventor)

    2011-01-01

    A method of forming an array of pointed structures comprises depositing a ferrofluid on a substrate, applying a magnetic field to the ferrofluid to generate an array of surface protrusions, and solidifying the surface protrusions to form the array of pointed structures. The pointed structures may have a tip radius ranging from approximately 10 nm to approximately 25 micron. Solidifying the surface protrusions may be carried out at a temperature ranging from approximately 10 degrees C. to approximately 30 degrees C.

  18. Method for forming metal contacts

    SciTech Connect

    Reddington, Erik; Sutter, Thomas C; Bu, Lujia; Cannon, Alexandra; Habas, Susan E; Curtis, Calvin J; Miedaner, Alexander; Ginley, David S; Van Hest, Marinus Franciscus Antonius Maria

    2013-09-17

    Methods of forming metal contacts with metal inks in the manufacture of photovoltaic devices are disclosed. The metal inks are selectively deposited on semiconductor coatings by inkjet and aerosol apparatus. The composite is heated to selective temperatures where the metal inks burn through the coating to form an electrical contact with the semiconductor. Metal layers are then deposited on the electrical contacts by light induced or light assisted plating.

  19. Form 6 - gas balancing agreement

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1990-01-01

    In 1988, a special Committee of the Rocky Mountain Mineral Law Foundation undertook a project to draft a model from gas balancing agreement. This project was initiated at the request of a number of Foundation members who felt that a model form gas balancing agreement would facilitate the negotiation of operating agreement, since gas balancing issues had become sticking points in the process. The Committee was composed of attorneys representing a wide cross-section of the oil and gas industry including both major and independent oil companies, production companies with interstate pipeline affiliates, and private practitioners. The Committee attempted to address the more controversial issues in gas balancing with optional provisions in the Form. To facilitate the negotiation process, the number of optional provisions was minimized. This form may be used as an Appendix to the new A.A.P.L. Form 610-1989 Model Form Operating Agreement. This book includes provision of this Form which are: Ownership of gas production; Balancing of production accounts; Cash balancing upon depletion; Deliverability tests; Nominations; Statements; Payment of taxes; Operating expenses; Overproducing allowable; Payment of leasehold burdens; Operator's liability; Successors and assigns; Audits; Arbitration; and Operator's fees.

  20. Superplastic forming of ceramic insulation

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Nieh, T. G.; Wittenauer, J. P.; Wadsworth, J.

    1992-01-01

    Superplasticity has been demonstrated in many fine-grained structural ceramics and ceramic composites, including yttria-stabilized tetragonal zirconia polycrystal (YTZP), alumina, and Al2O3-reinforced zirconia (Al2O3/YTZ) duplex composites and SiC-reinforced Si3N4. These superplastic ceramics obviously offer the potential benefit of forming net shape or near net shape parts. This could be particularly useful for forming complicated shapes that are difficult to achieve using conventional forming techniques, or require elaborate, subsequent machining. In the present study, we successfully demonstrated the following: (1) superplastic 3Y-TXP and 20 percent Al2O3/YTZ composite have for the first time been successfully deformed into hemispherical caps via a biaxial gas-pressure forming technique; (2) no experimental difficulty was encountered in applying the required gas pressures and temperatures to achieve the results, thus, it is certain that higher rates of deformation than those presented in this study will be possible by using the current test apparatus at higher temperatures and pressures; and (3) an analytical model incorporating material parameters, such as variations during forming in the strain rate sensitivity exponent and grain growth-induced strain hardening, is needed to model accurately and therefore precisely control the biaxial gas-pressure forming of superplastic ceramics. Based on the results of this study, we propose to fabricate zirconia insulation tubes by superplastic extrusion of zirconia polycrystal. This would not only reduce the cost, but also improve the reliability of the tube products.

  1. INEL spray-forming research

    SciTech Connect

    McHugh, K.M.; Key, J.F.

    1992-12-31

    Spray forming is a near-net-shape fabrication technology in which a spray of finely atomized liquid droplets is deposited onto a suitably shaped substrate or mold to produce a coherent solid. The technology offers unique opportunities for simplifying materials processing without sacrificing, and oftentimes substantially improving, product quality. Spray forming can be performed with a wide range of metals and nonmetals, and offers property improvements resulting from rapid solidification (e.g. refined microstructures, extended solid solubilities and reduced segregation). Economic benefits result from process simplification and the elimination of unit operations. Researchers at the Idaho National Engineering Laboratory (INEL) are developing spray-forming technology for producing near-net-shape solids and coatings of a variety of metals, polymers, and composite materials. Results from several spray-forming programs are presented to illustrate the range of capabilities of the technique as well as the accompanying technical and economic benefits. Low-carbon steel strip >0.75 mm thick and polymer membranes for gas/gas and liquid/liquid separations that were spray formed are discussed; recent advances in spray forming molds, dies, and other tooling using low-melting-point metals are described.

  2. INEL Spray-forming Research

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Mchugh, Kevin M.; Key, James F.

    1993-01-01

    Spray forming is a near-net-shape fabrication technology in which a spray of finely atomized liquid droplets is deposited onto a suitably shaped substrate or mold to produce a coherent solid. The technology offers unique opportunities for simplifying materials processing without sacrificing, and oftentimes substantially improving, product quality. Spray forming can be performed with a wide range of metals and nonmetals, and offers property improvements resulting from rapid solidification (e.g., refined microstructures, extended solid solubilities and reduced segregation). Economic benefits result from process simplification and the elimination of unit operations. Researchers at the Idaho National Engineering Laboratory (INEL) are developing spray-forming technology for producing near-net-shape solids and coatings of a variety of metals, polymers, and composite materials. Results from several spray forming programs are presented to illustrate the range of capabilities of the technique as well as the accompanying technical and economic benefits. Low-carbon steel strip greater than 0.75 mm thick and polymer membranes for gas/gas and liquid/liquid separations that were spray formed are discussed; recent advances in spray forming molds, dies, and other tooling using low-melting-point metals are described.

  3. Conjoint Forming - Technologies for Simultaneous Forming and Joining

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Groche, P.; Wohletz, S.; Mann, A.; Krech, M.; Monnerjahn, V.

    2016-03-01

    The market demand for new products optimized for e. g. lightweight applications or smart components leads to new challenges in production engineering. Hybrid structures represent one promising approach. They aim at higher product performance by using a suitable combination of different materials. The developments of hybrid structures stimulate the research on joining of dissimilar materials. Since they allow for joining dissimilar materials without external heating technologies based on joining by plastic deformation seem to be of special attractiveness. The paper at hand discusses the conjoint forming approach. This approach combines forming and joining in one process. Two or more workpieces are joined while at least one workpiece is plastically deformed. After presenting the fundamental joining mechanisms, the conjoint forming approach is discussed comprehensively. Examples of conjoint processes demonstrate the effectiveness and reveal the underlying phenomena.

  4. (Z)3,4,5,4‧-trans-tetramethoxystilbene, a new analogue of resveratrol, inhibits gefitinb-resistant non-small cell lung cancer via selectively elevating intracellular calcium level

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Fan, Xing-Xing; Yao, Xiao-Jun; Xu, Su Wei; Wong, Vincent Kam-Wai; He, Jian-Xing; Ding, Jian; Xue, Wei-Wei; Mujtaba, Tahira; Michelangeli, Francesco; Huang, Min; Huang, Jun; Xiao, Da-Kai; Jiang, Ze-Bo; Zhou, Yan-Ling; Kin-Ting Kam, Richard; Liu, Liang; Lai-Han Leung, Elaine

    2015-11-01

    Calcium is a second messenger which is required for regulation of many cellular processes. However, excessive elevation or prolonged activation of calcium signaling would lead to cell death. As such, selectively regulating calcium signaling could be an alternative approach for anti-cancer therapy. Recently, we have identified an effective analogue of resveratrol, (Z)3,4,5,4‧-trans-tetramethoxystilbene (TMS) which selectively elevated the intracellular calcium level in gefitinib-resistant (G-R) non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) cells. TMS exhibited significant inhibitory effect on G-R NSCLC cells, but not other NSCLC cells and normal lung epithelial cells. The phosphorylation and activation of EGFR were inhibited by TMS in G-R cells. TMS induced caspase-independent apoptosis and autophagy by directly binding to SERCA and causing endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress and AMPK activation. Proteomics analysis also further confirmed that mTOR pathway, which is the downstream of AMPK, was significantly suppressed by TMS. JNK, the cross-linker of ER stress and mTOR pathway was significantly activated by TMS. In addition, the inhibition of JNK activation can partially block the effect of TMS. Taken together, TMS showed promising anti-cancer activity by mediating calcium signaling pathway and inducing apoptosis as well as autophagy in G-R NSCLC cells, providing strategy in designing multi-targeting drug for treating G-R patients.

  5. Synthesis, characterization and vibrational spectra analysis of ethyl (2Z)-2-(2-amino-4-oxo-1,3-oxazol-5(4H)-ylidene)-3-oxo-3-phenylpropanoate

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kıbrız, İbrahim Evren; Sert, Yusuf; Saçmacı, Mustafa; Şahin, Ertan; Yıldırım, İsmail; Ucun, Fatih

    2013-10-01

    In the present study, the experimental and theoretical vibrational spectra of ethyl (2Z)-2-(2-amino-4-oxo-1,3-oxazol-5(4H)-ylidene)-3-oxo-3-phenylpropanoate (AOX) were investigated. The experimental FT-IR (400-4000 cm-1) and Laser-Raman spectra (100-4000 cm-1) of the molecule in the solid phase were recorded. Theoretical vibrational frequencies and geometric parameters (bond lengths, bond angles and torsion angles) were calculated using ab initio Hartree Fock (HF), Density Functional Theory (B3LYP and B3PW91) methods with 6-311++G(d,p) basis set by Gaussian 03 program, for the first time. The computed values of frequencies are scaled using a suitable scale factor to yield good coherence with the observed values. The assignments of the vibrational frequencies were performed by potential energy distribution (PED) analysis by using VEDA 4 program. The theoretical optimized geometric parameters and vibrational frequencies were compared with the corresponding experimental X-ray diffraction data, and they were seen to be in a good agreement with each other. The hydrogen bonding geometry of the molecule was also simulated to evaluate the effect of intermolecular hydrogen bonding on the vibrational frequencies. Also, the highest occupied molecular orbital (HOMO) and lowest unoccupied molecular orbital (LUMO) energies were found.

  6. (Z)3,4,5,4'-trans-tetramethoxystilbene, a new analogue of resveratrol, inhibits gefitinb-resistant non-small cell lung cancer via selectively elevating intracellular calcium level.

    PubMed

    Fan, Xing-Xing; Yao, Xiao-Jun; Xu, Su Wei; Wong, Vincent Kam-Wai; He, Jian-Xing; Ding, Jian; Xue, Wei-Wei; Mujtaba, Tahira; Michelangeli, Francesco; Huang, Min; Huang, Jun; Xiao, Da-Kai; Jiang, Ze-Bo; Zhou, Yan-Ling; Kam, Richard Kin-Ting; Liu, Liang; Leung, Elaine Lai-Han

    2015-01-01

    Calcium is a second messenger which is required for regulation of many cellular processes. However, excessive elevation or prolonged activation of calcium signaling would lead to cell death. As such, selectively regulating calcium signaling could be an alternative approach for anti-cancer therapy. Recently, we have identified an effective analogue of resveratrol, (Z)3,4,5,4'-trans-tetramethoxystilbene (TMS) which selectively elevated the intracellular calcium level in gefitinib-resistant (G-R) non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) cells. TMS exhibited significant inhibitory effect on G-R NSCLC cells, but not other NSCLC cells and normal lung epithelial cells. The phosphorylation and activation of EGFR were inhibited by TMS in G-R cells. TMS induced caspase-independent apoptosis and autophagy by directly binding to SERCA and causing endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress and AMPK activation. Proteomics analysis also further confirmed that mTOR pathway, which is the downstream of AMPK, was significantly suppressed by TMS. JNK, the cross-linker of ER stress and mTOR pathway was significantly activated by TMS. In addition, the inhibition of JNK activation can partially block the effect of TMS. Taken together, TMS showed promising anti-cancer activity by mediating calcium signaling pathway and inducing apoptosis as well as autophagy in G-R NSCLC cells, providing strategy in designing multi-targeting drug for treating G-R patients. PMID:26542098

  7. (Z)3,4,5,4′-trans-tetramethoxystilbene, a new analogue of resveratrol, inhibits gefitinb-resistant non-small cell lung cancer via selectively elevating intracellular calcium level

    PubMed Central

    Fan, Xing-Xing; Yao, Xiao-Jun; Xu, Su Wei; Wong, Vincent Kam-Wai; He, Jian-Xing; Ding, Jian; Xue, Wei-Wei; Mujtaba, Tahira; Michelangeli, Francesco; Huang, Min; Huang, Jun; Xiao, Da-Kai; Jiang, Ze-Bo; Zhou, Yan-Ling; Kin-Ting Kam, Richard; Liu, Liang; Lai-Han Leung, Elaine

    2015-01-01

    Calcium is a second messenger which is required for regulation of many cellular processes. However, excessive elevation or prolonged activation of calcium signaling would lead to cell death. As such, selectively regulating calcium signaling could be an alternative approach for anti-cancer therapy. Recently, we have identified an effective analogue of resveratrol, (Z)3,4,5,4′-trans-tetramethoxystilbene (TMS) which selectively elevated the intracellular calcium level in gefitinib-resistant (G-R) non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) cells. TMS exhibited significant inhibitory effect on G-R NSCLC cells, but not other NSCLC cells and normal lung epithelial cells. The phosphorylation and activation of EGFR were inhibited by TMS in G-R cells. TMS induced caspase-independent apoptosis and autophagy by directly binding to SERCA and causing endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress and AMPK activation. Proteomics analysis also further confirmed that mTOR pathway, which is the downstream of AMPK, was significantly suppressed by TMS. JNK, the cross-linker of ER stress and mTOR pathway was significantly activated by TMS. In addition, the inhibition of JNK activation can partially block the effect of TMS. Taken together, TMS showed promising anti-cancer activity by mediating calcium signaling pathway and inducing apoptosis as well as autophagy in G-R NSCLC cells, providing strategy in designing multi-targeting drug for treating G-R patients. PMID:26542098

  8. Determination of the phytoalexin resveratrol (3,5,4'-trihydroxystilbene) in peanuts and pistachios by high-performance liquid chromatographic diode array (HPLC-DAD) and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS).

    PubMed

    Tokuşoglu, Ozlem; Unal, Mustafa Kemal; Yemiş, Fadim

    2005-06-15

    The phytoalexin resveratrol (3,5,4'-trihydroxystilbene) in edible peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.) and pistachio (Pistacia vera L.) varieties grown in Turkey was analyzed by high-performance liquid chromatographic diode array and gas chromatography-mass spectrometric detection. trans-Resveratrol in six peanut varieties, five pistachio varieties, and four market samples ranged between 0.03 and 1.92 microg/g. The Cerezlik 5025 peanut (1.92 +/- 0.01 microg/g) and Ohadi pistachio genotype (1.67 +/- 0.01 microg/g) had significantly higher trans-resveratrol contents. Peanuts contained 0.03-1.92 microg/g (av = 0.84 microg/g) of trans-resveratrol, whereas pistachio contained 0.09-1.67 microg/g (av = 1.15 microg/g). With exposure to UV light for 1 min, trans-resveratrol concentrations of samples ranged from 0.02 to 1.47 microg/g and those of cis-resveratrol from 0.008 to 0.32 microg/g. The occurrence of resveratrol in peanut and pistachio was confirmed by total ion chromatograms (TIC) of bis[trimethylsilyl]trifluoroacetamide derivatives of resveratrol isomers and comparison of the mass spectral fragmentation data with those of a resveratrol standard. Formation of the cis-isomer in pistachios was higher than in peanuts. PMID:15941348

  9. Spectroscopic investigation (FT-IR and FT-Raman), vibrational assignments, HOMO-LUMO analysis and molecular docking study of 2-(Adamantan-1-yl)-5-(4-nitrophenyl)-1,3,4-oxadiazole.

    PubMed

    Haress, Nadia G; Al-Omary, Fatmah; El-Emam, Ali A; Mary, Y Sheena; Panicker, C Yohannan; Al-Saadi, Abdulaziz A; War, Javeed Ahmad; Van Alsenoy, Christian

    2015-01-25

    FT-IR and FT-Raman spectra of 2-(Adamantan-1-yl)-5-(4-nitrophenyl)-1,3,4-oxadiazole were recorded and analyzed. The vibrational wavenumbers were computed using DFT quantum chemical calculations. The data obtained from wavenumber calculations are used to assign vibrational bands obtained experimentally. The energy barriers of the internal rotations about the C-C bonds connecting the oxadiazole to the adamantane and benzene rings are reported. The geometrical parameters (DFT) of the title compound are in agreement with the XRD results. The calculated HOMO and LUMO energies allow the calculations of atomic and molecular properties and they also showed that charge transfer occurs in the molecule. A detailed molecular picture of the title compound and its interactions were obtained from NBO analysis. As can be seen from the MEP map of the title compound, which regions having the negative potential are over the electro negative atoms, the region having the positive potential are over the phenyl and adamantine rings and the remaining species are surrounded by zero potential. The molecular docking studies reveal that the adamantyl derivative may exhibit C-South African HIV-proteas inhibitory activity. PMID:25168235

  10. Design, Synthesis and Evaluation of New 2, 6-Dihydroimidazo[1, 2-c]Pyrimido[5, 4-e]-Pyrimidine-5(3H)-thiones as Possible Antihistaminic/Antiasthmatic Agents§

    PubMed Central

    Sirisha, K.; Achaiah, G.; Ram Rao, A. Raghu

    2014-01-01

    A series of new 10-(alkylamino)-8-methyl-2, 6-dihydroimidazo[1, 2-c]pyrimido[5, 4-e]pyrimidine-5(3H)-thiones (4a-g) were subjected to molecular property prediction (drug-likeness, lipophilicity and solubility parameters) using Osiris Property Explorer, ALOGPS 2.1, Molinspiration and ACD/Chemsketch 12.0 software programmes. The calculated drug-related properties of the designed molecules were similar to those found in most marketed drugs. Amongst the proposed analogues, four promising candidates were chosen (4a-d) for synthesis on the basis of Lipinski's ‘Rule of Five’ and drug-likeness scores. The significant biological activity of the test compounds in two in vitro modes (isolated guinea pig tracheal chain preparation, isolated guinea pig ileum) supports the promise and accuracy of the prediction. Among them, 4a was the most potent antihistaminic (IC50 value of 30.2 μM; standard, chlorpheniramine maleate showed an IC50 of 14.1 μM). PMID:25593385

  11. Structural and spectroscopic characterization of a novel potential anti-inflammatory agent 3-(adamantan-1-yl)-4-ethyl-1H-1,2,4-triazole-5(4H)thione by first principle calculations.

    PubMed

    Al-Tamimi, Abdul-Malek S; El-Emam, Ali A; Al-Deeb, Omar A; Prasad, Onkar; Pathak, Shilendra K; Srivastava, Ruchi; Sinha, Leena

    2014-04-24

    A comprehensive investigation on the molecular structure, electronic properties and vibrational spectra of the 3-(adamantan-1-yl)-4-ethyl-1H-1,2,4-triazole-5(4H)thione, a novel potential anti-inflammatory agent has been done with the hope that the results of present study may be helpful in the prediction of its mechanism of biological activity. The experimentally observed spectral data (FT-IR and FT-Raman) of the title compound was compared with the spectral data obtained by DFT/B3LYP method. The (1)H nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) chemical shifts of the molecule were calculated by the Gauge Including Atomic Orbital method and compared with experimental results. The molecular properties like dipole moment, polarizability, first static hyperpolarizability, the molecular electrostatic potential surface, contour map have been calculated to get a better insight of the properties of the title molecule. Natural bond orbital (NBO) analysis has been applied to study stability of the molecule arising from charge delocalization. UV-Vis spectrum of the title compound was also recorded and the electronic properties, such as Frontier orbitals and band gap energies were calculated by TD-DFT approach. Global and local reactivity descriptors have been computed to predict reactivity and reactive sites on the molecule. PMID:24468983

  12. Spectroscopic investigation (FT-IR and FT-Raman), vibrational assignments, HOMO-LUMO analysis and molecular docking study of 2-(Adamantan-1-yl)-5-(4-nitrophenyl)-1,3,4-oxadiazole

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Haress, Nadia G.; Al-Omary, Fatmah; El-Emam, Ali A.; Mary, Y. Sheena; Panicker, C. Yohannan; Al-Saadi, Abdulaziz A.; War, Javeed Ahmad; Van Alsenoy, Christian

    2015-01-01

    FT-IR and FT-Raman spectra of 2-(Adamantan-1-yl)-5-(4-nitrophenyl)-1,3,4-oxadiazole were recorded and analyzed. The vibrational wavenumbers were computed using DFT quantum chemical calculations. The data obtained from wavenumber calculations are used to assign vibrational bands obtained experimentally. The energy barriers of the internal rotations about the Csbnd C bonds connecting the oxadiazole to the adamantane and benzene rings are reported. The geometrical parameters (DFT) of the title compound are in agreement with the XRD results. The calculated HOMO and LUMO energies allow the calculations of atomic and molecular properties and they also showed that charge transfer occurs in the molecule. A detailed molecular picture of the title compound and its interactions were obtained from NBO analysis. As can be seen from the MEP map of the title compound, which regions having the negative potential are over the electro negative atoms, the region having the positive potential are over the phenyl and adamantine rings and the remaining species are surrounded by zero potential. The molecular docking studies reveal that the adamantyl derivative may exhibit C-South African HIV-proteas inhibitory activity.

  13. 8-Methly-4-(3-diethylaminopropylamino) pyrimido [4',5';4,5] thieno (2,3-b) quinoline (MDPTQ), a quinoline derivate that causes ROS-mediated apoptosis in leukemia cell lines

    SciTech Connect

    Shenoy, Sudheer; Vasania, Viraf S.; Gopal, M.; Mehta, Ashish . E-mail: ashish_mehta@relbio.com

    2007-07-01

    The present study reports the biological activity of 8-methly-4-(3-diethylamino-propylamino) pyrimido [4';5';4,5] thieno (2,3-b) quinoline (MDPTQ), a quinoline derivative structurally related to ellipticine and suggests a possible mechanism through which the compound induces apoptosis in carcinoma cell lines. Out of the 8 cell lines used in the study as representatives of different types of cancer, MDPTQ was found to be effective only against leukemia cell lines (HL-60 and K-562) whereas it had no effect on normal human bone marrow cells (BMC) which were used as controls. Fall mitochondrial membrane potential and increased reactive oxygen species (ROS) were mainly responsible for inducing apoptosis in the two cell lines. Cell death was demonstrated by increase in caspase 3 activity as well as phosphatidyl serine exposure. Pre-incubation with N-acetylcysteine (NAC) reduced the increased ROS and caspase 3 activity as well as phosphatidyl serine exposure. MDPTQ also caused cell cycle arrest in these cell lines. The above study for the first time reports the mode of action of a quinoline derivative, which could be a possible future candidate for leukemia therapy. However, there are lot of questions that need to be answered in terms of signalling pathways and its effects on animal models.

  14. AC susceptibility of the Hg0.3La0.7Ba2Ca3(Cu0.95Ag0.5)4O10+δ superconductor

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mostafa, M. F.; Hassen, A.

    2016-09-01

    In this work, the temperature, magnetic field and frequency dependence of the ac susceptibility of Hg0.3La0.7Ba2Ca3(Cu0.95Ag0.5)4O10+δ were studied. The superconductivity still survives even at this amount of Ag. The magnetic field dependence of the irreversibility line (IL) and the flux pinning of this compound are discussed and compared with those of low Ag content. The IL exhibits thermally activated behaviour. A collective creep of the vortex bundle also occurs for this level of doping. A crossover from a two- to a three-dimensional system is suggested at T/Tc = 0.75 and a magnetic field, Hdc = 0.04 T. Based on vortex glass phase transition theory, the effective pinning energy, ueff, was calculated. The change in the characteristic temperature of the studied compound and that of low Ag content samples are summarised. Comparisons with similar materials are discussed.

  15. Search for vector-like quark production in the lepton+jets and dilepton+jets final states using 5.4 fb-1 of Run II data

    SciTech Connect

    Caughron, Seth

    2011-01-01

    The Standard Model of particle physics provides an excellent description of particle interactions at energies up to ~1 TeV, but it is expected to fail above that scale. Multiple models developed to describe phenomena above the TeV scale predict the existence of very massive, vector-like quarks. A search for single electroweak production of such particles in p$\\bar{p}$ collisions at a center-of-mass energy of 1.96 TeV is performed in the W+jets and Z+jets channels. The data were collected by the DØ detector at the Fermilab Tevatron Collider and correspond to an integrated luminosity of 5.4 fb-1. Events consistent with a heavy object decaying to a vector boson and a jet are selected. We observe no significant excess in comparison to the background prediction and set 95% confidence level upper limits on production cross sections for vector-like quarks decaying to W+jet and Z+jet. Assuming a vector-like quark -- standard model quark coupling parameter $\\tilde{κ}$qQ of unity, we exclude vector-like quarks with mass below 693 GeV for decays to W+jet and mass below 449 GeV for decays to Z+jet. These represent the most sensitive limits to date.

  16. Normal coordinate analysis, molecular structure, vibrational, electronic spectra and NMR investigation of 4-Amino-3-phenyl-1H-1,2,4-triazole-5(4H)-thione by ab initio HF and DFT method

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bahgat, Khaled; Fraihat, Safwan

    2015-01-01

    In the present work, the characterization of 4-Amino-3-phenyl-1H-1,2,4-triazole-5(4H)-thione (APTT) molecule was carried out by quantum chemical method and vibrational spectral techniques. The FT-IR (4000-400 cm-1) and FT-Raman (4000-100 cm-1) spectra of APTT were recorded in solid phase. The UV-Vis absorption spectrum of the APTT was recorded in the range of 200-400 nm. The molecular geometry, harmonic vibrational frequencies and bonding features of APTT in the ground state have been calculated by HF and DFT methods using 6-311++G(d,p) basis set. The complete vibrational frequency assignments were made by normal coordinate analysis (NCA) following the scaled quantum mechanical force field methodology (SQMF). The molecular stability and bond strength were investigated by applying the natural bond orbital analysis (NBO) and natural localized molecular orbital (NLMO) analysis. The electronic properties, such as excitation energies, absorption wavelength, HOMO and LUMO energies were performed by time depended DFT (TD-DFT) approach. The 1H and 13C nuclear magnetic resonance chemical shift of the molecule were calculated using the gauge-including atomic orbital (GIAO) method and compared with experimental results. Finally, the calculation results were analyzed to simulate infrared, FT-Raman and UV spectra of the title compound which shows better agreement with observed spectra.

  17. Anion-directed assembly and crystal transformation of Ag(I) coordination polymers with a versatile tripyridyltriazole ligand 3,4-bis(2-pyridyl)-5-(4-pyridyl)-1,2,4-triazole

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Li, Cheng-Peng; Chen, Jing; Guo, Wei; Du, Miao

    2015-03-01

    A series of distinct Ag(I) coordination polymers, namely {[Ag2(L224)(H2O)3](SiF6)(H2O)4}n (1), {[Ag2(L224)2(NO3)](NO3)(H2O)}n (3), {[Ag2(L224)(OOCC6H5)(H2O)](NO3)(H2O)2}n (4), and {[Ag(L224)2](CF3SO3)(H2O)0.25}n (5) have been synthesized by assembling a versatile ligand 3,4-bis(2-pyridyl)-5-(4-pyridyl)-1,2,4-triazole (L224) with different Ag(I) salts. Their diverse 1D and 2D coordination arrays indicate the critical role of counterions in structural assemblies. Interestingly, single-crystal-to-single-crystal (SC-SC) transformation from 1 to {[Ag2(L224)(CF3COO)2(H2O)](H2O)}n (2) will occur in the water solution of Ag(CF3COO). Structural comparison and mechanism of SC-SC transformation are discussed. These Ag(I) coordination polymers show enhanced ligand-based solid-state fluorescent emissions.

  18. Molecular structure and vibrational and chemical shift assignments of 3-(2-Hydroxyphenyl)-4-phenyl-1 H-1,2,4-triazole-5-(4 H)-thione by DFT and ab initio HF calculations

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Avcı, Davut; Atalay, Yusuf; Şekerci, Mehmet; Dinçer, Muharrem

    2009-07-01

    The molecular geometry, vibrational frequencies, gauge including atomic orbital (GIAO) 1H and 13C chemical shift values and several thermodynamic parameters of 3-(2-Hydroxyphenyl)-4-phenyl-1 H-1,2,4-triazole-5-(4 H)-thione in the ground state have been calculated by using the Hartree-Fock (HF) and density functional methods (BLYP and B3LYP) with 6-31G(d) basis set. The results of the optimized molecular structure are presented and compared with the experimental X-ray diffraction. The molecule contains one O-H···N and one C-H···π (phenyl) intramolecular interactions. The computed vibrational frequencies are used to determine the types of molecular motions associated with each of the experimental bands observed. Data of the title compound display significant structure-correlation and provide the basis for future design of efficient materials having the derivatives of 1,2,4-triazole. Also, calculated 1H chemical shift values compared with the experimental ones.

  19. Synthesis, experimental spectra (IR & Raman and NMR), vibrational analysis and theoretical DFT investigations of N-(5-(4-methylbenzoyl)-2-oxo-4-(4-methylphenyl)pyrimidine-1(2H)-yl)-4-methylbenzamide

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Aydın, Lütfiye; Şahan, Emine; Önal, Zülbiye; Özpozan, Talat

    2014-08-01

    The title molecule, N-(5-(4-methylbenzoyl)-2-oxo-4-(4-methylphenyl)pyrimidine-1(2H)-yl)-4-methylbenzamide (C27H23N3O3), was synthesized and characterized by elemental analysis, IR, Raman, 1H and 13C NMR spectral data. To determine conformational flexibility, potential energy surfaces of the title compound were obtained by DFT regarding the selected degree of torsional freedom, which was varied from 0° to 360° in 6° and 20° steps. The ten conformers of the title compound were determined and it was found that the conformer 1 basis the most stable one. All conformers were also optimized by using the density functional theory (DFT/B3LYP) method with the 6-31G(d,p), 6-311G(d,p) and cc-pVDZ basis sets in the ground state. Potential energy distribution was calculated with the 6-31G(d,p) basis set. The vibrational spectra were recorded in solid phase IR and Raman spectra were compared based on the results of the theoretical calculations. The formation of hydrogen bonds was explained using natural bond orbital (NBO) analysis and spectroscopic analysis. NMR analysis and frontier molecular orbitals (FMOs) were also investigated by DFT.

  20. Transcriptome profiling and digital gene expression analysis of Fallopia multiflora to discover putative genes involved in the biosynthesis of 2,3,5,4'-tetrahydroxy stilbene-2-O-β-D-glucoside.

    PubMed

    Zhao, Wei; Xia, Wanxia; Li, Jiewen; Sheng, Shujing; Lei, Lei; Zhao, Shujing

    2014-08-15

    The compound 2,3,5,4'-tetrahydroxy stilbene-2-O-ß-d-glucoside (THSG) synthesized by Fallopia multiflora (F. multiflora) exhibits pharmacological potency. However, the mechanistic details of its biosynthesis pathway are still vague. To clear this ambiguity, we performed de novo transcriptome assembly and digital gene expression (DGE) profiling analyses of F. multiflora using the Illumina RNA-seq system. RNA-seq generated approximately 70 million high-quality reads that were assembled into 65,653 unigenes (mean length=750 bp), including 26,670 clusters and 38,983 singletons. A total of 48,173 (73.4%) unigenes were annotated using public protein databases with a cut-off e-value above 10(-5). Furthermore, we investigated the transcriptome difference of four different F. multiflora tissues using DGE profiling. Variations in gene expression were identified based on comparisons of transcriptomes from various parts of a high-level THSG- and a low-level THSG-producing F. multiflora plant. Clusters with similar differential expression patterns and enriched metabolic pathways with regard to the differentially expressed genes putatively involved in THSG biosynthesis were revealed for the first time. Our data provides the most comprehensive sequence resource regarding F. multiflora so far. Taken together, the results of this study considerably extend the knowledge on THSG production. PMID:24967942

  1. TSG (2,3,5,4′-Tetrahydroxystilbene-2-O-β-D-glucoside) from the Chinese Herb Polygonum multiflorum Increases Life Span and Stress Resistance of Caenorhabditis elegans

    PubMed Central

    Büchter, Christian; Zhao, Liang; Fritz, Gerhard; Proksch, Peter

    2015-01-01

    2,3,5,4′-Tetrahydroxystilbene-2-O-β-D-glucoside (TSG) was isolated from Polygonum multiflorum, a plant which is traditionally used as an anti-ageing drug. We have analysed ageing-related effects of TSG in the model organism C. elegans in comparison to resveratrol. TSG exerted a high antioxidative capacity both in a cell-free assay and in the nematode. The antioxidative capacity was even higher compared to resveratrol. Presumably due to its antioxidative effects, treatment with TSG decreased the juglone-mediated induction of the antioxidative enzyme SOD-3; the induction of the GST-4 by juglone was diminished slightly. TSG increased the resistance of C. elegans against lethal thermal stress more prominently than resveratrol (50 μM TSG increased mean survival by 22.2%). The level of the ageing pigment lipofuscin was decreased after incubation with the compound. TSG prolongs the mean, median, and maximum adult life span of C. elegans by 23.5%, 29.4%, and 7.2%, respectively, comparable to the effects of resveratrol. TSG-mediated extension of life span was not abolished in a DAF-16 loss-of-function mutant strain showing that this ageing-related transcription factor is not involved in the effects of TSG. Our data show that TSG possesses a potent antioxidative capacity, enhances the stress resistance, and increases the life span of the nematode C. elegans. PMID:26075030

  2. Multiparameter Lead Optimization to Give an Oral Checkpoint Kinase 1 (CHK1) Inhibitor Clinical Candidate: (R)-5-((4-((Morpholin-2-ylmethyl)amino)-5-(trifluoromethyl)pyridin-2-yl)amino)pyrazine-2-carbonitrile (CCT245737).

    PubMed

    Osborne, James D; Matthews, Thomas P; McHardy, Tatiana; Proisy, Nicolas; Cheung, Kwai-Ming J; Lainchbury, Michael; Brown, Nathan; Walton, Michael I; Eve, Paul D; Boxall, Katherine J; Hayes, Angela; Henley, Alan T; Valenti, Melanie R; De Haven Brandon, Alexis K; Box, Gary; Jamin, Yann; Robinson, Simon P; Westwood, Isaac M; van Montfort, Rob L M; Leonard, Philip M; Lamers, Marieke B A C; Reader, John C; Aherne, G Wynne; Raynaud, Florence I; Eccles, Suzanne A; Garrett, Michelle D; Collins, Ian

    2016-06-01

    Multiparameter optimization of a series of 5-((4-aminopyridin-2-yl)amino)pyrazine-2-carbonitriles resulted in the identification of a potent and selective oral CHK1 preclinical development candidate with in vivo efficacy as a potentiator of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) damaging chemotherapy and as a single agent. Cellular mechanism of action assays were used to give an integrated assessment of compound selectivity during optimization resulting in a highly CHK1 selective adenosine triphosphate (ATP) competitive inhibitor. A single substituent vector directed away from the CHK1 kinase active site was unexpectedly found to drive the selective cellular efficacy of the compounds. Both CHK1 potency and off-target human ether-a-go-go-related gene (hERG) ion channel inhibition were dependent on lipophilicity and basicity in this series. Optimization of CHK1 cellular potency and in vivo pharmacokinetic-pharmacodynamic (PK-PD) properties gave a compound with low predicted doses and exposures in humans which mitigated the residual weak in vitro hERG inhibition. PMID:27167172

  3. Design, Synthesis and Evaluation of New 2, 6-Dihydroimidazo[1, 2-c]Pyrimido[5, 4-e]-Pyrimidine-5(3H)-thiones as Possible Antihistaminic/Antiasthmatic Agents.

    PubMed

    Sirisha, K; Achaiah, G; Ram Rao, A Raghu

    2014-01-01

    A series of new 10-(alkylamino)-8-methyl-2, 6-dihydroimidazo[1, 2-c]pyrimido[5, 4-e]pyrimidine-5(3H)-thiones (4a-g) were subjected to molecular property prediction (drug-likeness, lipophilicity and solubility parameters) using Osiris Property Explorer, ALOGPS 2.1, Molinspiration and ACD/Chemsketch 12.0 software programmes. The calculated drug-related properties of the designed molecules were similar to those found in most marketed drugs. Amongst the proposed analogues, four promising candidates were chosen (4a-d) for synthesis on the basis of Lipinski's 'Rule of Five' and drug-likeness scores. The significant biological activity of the test compounds in two in vitro modes (isolated guinea pig tracheal chain preparation, isolated guinea pig ileum) supports the promise and accuracy of the prediction. Among them, 4a was the most potent antihistaminic (IC50 value of 30.2 μM; standard, chlorpheniramine maleate showed an IC50 of 14.1 μM). PMID:25593385

  4. Acceptance of Ideas of Others [Number Form and Star Form].

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Masters, James R.; Laverty, Grace E.

    As part of the instrumentation to assess the effectiveness of the Schools Without Failure (SWF) program in 10 elementary schools in the New Castle, Pa. School District, the Acceptance of Ideas of Others (Number and Star Forms) were developed to determine pupils' attitudes toward classmates. Given a list of all class members, pupils are asked to…

  5. Form und Sinn: Sprachwissenschaftliche Betrachtungen (Form and Meaning: Linguistic Observations).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jakobson, Roman

    This collection of 14 papers and articles by Roman Jakobson contains works written and published between 1931 and 1970 which deal either with global aspects of language or with specific grammatical issues. The collection emphasizes Jakobson's concern for finding the links between form and meaning in language. The text is entirely in German with…

  6. Sixth-Form Colleges: An Endangered Organisational Form?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stoten, David William

    2014-01-01

    The sixth-form college sector is often marginalised in policy and academic discourse, where the much larger school and further education sectors dominate. This paper sets out to describe the sector's key features, assess its position within the wider education system and consider its future in an increasingly competitive education market. The…

  7. Modeling Production Plant Forming Processes

    SciTech Connect

    Rhee, M; Becker, R; Couch, R; Li, M

    2004-09-22

    Engineering has simulation tools and experience in modeling forming processes. Y-12 personnel have expressed interest in validating our tools and experience against their manufacturing process activities such as rolling, casting, and forging etc. We have demonstrated numerical capabilities in a collaborative DOE/OIT project with ALCOA that is nearing successful completion. The goal was to use ALE3D to model Alcoa's slab rolling process in order to demonstrate a computational tool that would allow Alcoa to define a rolling schedule that would minimize the probability of ingot fracture, thus reducing waste and energy consumption. It is intended to lead to long-term collaboration with Y-12 and perhaps involvement with other components of the weapons production complex. Using simulations to aid in design of forming processes can: decrease time to production; reduce forming trials and associated expenses; and guide development of products with greater uniformity and less scrap.

  8. Glasses formed by hypervelocity impact

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Stoeffler, D.

    1984-01-01

    This paper presents description, classification, and geological setting of impact glasses, which are formed as a result of meteorite impacts with the planetary surface, and discusses the impact-glass formation process in the context of cratering mechanics. Impact glasses can be classified as belonging to two major groups: (1) mineral glasses, which are identical in composition to a mineral, and (2) rock glasses, which have the composition of a rock or a mixture of various rocks. Rock glasses may be (1) melt ejecta, (2) parts of a coherent melt layer inside the crater cavity, or (3) dikes or veins. The composition of rock glasses at a particular crater can be matched by that of the target. In nonporous rocks, the formation of rock glasses requires peak pressures in excess of 60-80 GPa, while mineral glasses are formed in the pressure range of about 25 to 55 GPa; in porous rocks, interstitial glass forms at pressures as low as 5 GPa.

  9. Methods of forming boron nitride

    SciTech Connect

    Trowbridge, Tammy L; Wertsching, Alan K; Pinhero, Patrick J; Crandall, David L

    2015-03-03

    A method of forming a boron nitride. The method comprises contacting a metal article with a monomeric boron-nitrogen compound and converting the monomeric boron-nitrogen compound to a boron nitride. The boron nitride is formed on the same or a different metal article. The monomeric boron-nitrogen compound is borazine, cycloborazane, trimethylcycloborazane, polyborazylene, B-vinylborazine, poly(B-vinylborazine), or combinations thereof. The monomeric boron-nitrogen compound is polymerized to form the boron nitride by exposure to a temperature greater than approximately 100.degree. C. The boron nitride is amorphous boron nitride, hexagonal boron nitride, rhombohedral boron nitride, turbostratic boron nitride, wurzite boron nitride, combinations thereof, or boron nitride and carbon. A method of conditioning a ballistic weapon and a metal article coated with the monomeric boron-nitrogen compound are also disclosed.

  10. Substrate system for spray forming

    DOEpatents

    Chu, Men G.; Chernicoff, William P.

    2002-01-01

    A substrate system for receiving a deposit of sprayed metal droplets including a movable outer substrate on which the sprayed metal droplets are deposited. The substrate system also includes an inner substrate disposed adjacent the outer substrate where the sprayed metal droplets are deposited on the outer substrate. The inner substrate includes zones of differing thermal conductivity to resist substrate layer porosity and to resist formation of large grains and coarse constituent particles in a bulk layer of the metal droplets which have accumulated on the outer substrate. A spray forming apparatus and associated method of spray forming a molten metal to form a metal product using the substrate system of the invention is also provided.

  11. Substrate system for spray forming

    DOEpatents

    Chu, Men G.; Chernicoff, William P.

    2000-01-01

    A substrate system for receiving a deposit of sprayed metal droplets including a movable outer substrate on which the sprayed metal droplets are deposited. The substrate system also includes an inner substrate disposed adjacent the outer substrate where the sprayed metal droplets are deposited on the outer substrate. The inner substrate includes zones of differing thermal conductivity to resist substrate layer porosity and to resist formation of large grains and coarse constituent particles in a bulk layer of the metal droplets which have accumulated on the outer substrate. A spray forming apparatus and associated method of spray forming a molten metal to form a metal product using the substrate system of the invention is also provided.

  12. Method of forming structural heliostat

    DOEpatents

    Anderson, Alfred J.

    1984-06-26

    In forming a heliostat having a main support structure and pivoting and tilting motors and gears and a mirror module for reflecting solar energy onto a collector, the improvement characterized by a method of forming the mirror module in which the mirror is laid upon a solid rigid supporting bed in one or more sections, with or without focusing; a mirror backing sheet is applied by first applying respective thin layers of silicone grease and, thereafter, progressively rolling application to eliminate air bubbles; followed by affixing of a substrate assembly to the mirror backing sheet to form a mirror module that does not curve because of thermally induced stresses and differential thermal expansion or contraction effects. The silicone grease also serves to dampen fluttering of the mirror and protect the mirror backside against adverse effects of the weather. Also disclosed are specific details of preferred embodiments.

  13. PROCESS OF FORMING POWDERED MATERIAL

    DOEpatents

    Glatter, J.; Schaner, B.E.

    1961-07-14

    A process of forming high-density compacts of a powdered ceramic material is described by agglomerating the powdered ceramic material with a heat- decompossble binder, adding a heat-decompossble lubricant to the agglomerated material, placing a quantity of the material into a die cavity, pressing the material to form a compact, pretreating the compacts in a nonoxidizing atmosphere to remove the binder and lubricant, and sintering the compacts. When this process is used for making nuclear reactor fuel elements, the ceramic material is an oxide powder of a fissionsble material and after forming, the compacts are placed in a cladding tube which is closed at its ends by vapor tight end caps, so that the sintered compacts are held in close contact with each other and with the interior wall of the cladding tube.

  14. FORM version 4.0

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kuipers, J.; Ueda, T.; Vermaseren, J. A. M.; Vollinga, J.

    2013-05-01

    We present version 4.0 of the symbolic manipulation system FORM. The most important new features are manipulation of rational polynomials and the factorization of expressions. Many other new functions and commands are also added; some of them are very general, while others are designed for building specific high level packages, such as one for Gröbner bases. New is also the checkpoint facility, that allows for periodic backups during long calculations. Finally, FORM 4.0 has become available as open source under the GNU General Public License version 3. Program summaryProgram title: FORM. Catalogue identifier: AEOT_v1_0 Program summary URL:http://cpc.cs.qub.ac.uk/summaries/AEOT_v1_0.html Program obtainable from: CPC Program Library, Queen's University, Belfast, N. Ireland Licensing provisions: GNU General Public License, version 3 No. of lines in distributed program, including test data, etc.: 151599 No. of bytes in distributed program, including test data, etc.: 1 078 748 Distribution format: tar.gz Programming language: The FORM language. FORM itself is programmed in a mixture of C and C++. Computer: All. Operating system: UNIX, LINUX, Mac OS, Windows. Classification: 5. Nature of problem: FORM defines a symbolic manipulation language in which the emphasis lies on fast processing of very large formulas. It has been used successfully for many calculations in Quantum Field Theory and mathematics. In speed and size of formulas that can be handled it outperforms other systems typically by an order of magnitude. Special in this version: The version 4.0 contains many new features. Most important are factorization and rational arithmetic. The program has also become open source under the GPL. The code in CPC is for reference. You are encouraged to upload the most recent sources from www.nikhef.nl/form/formcvs.php because of frequent bug fixes. Solution method: See "Nature of Problem", above. Additional comments: NOTE: The code in CPC is for reference. You are encouraged

  15. Auxin biosynthesis and storage forms

    PubMed Central

    Strader, Lucia C.

    2013-01-01

    The plant hormone auxin drives plant growth and morphogenesis. The levels and distribution of the active auxin indole-3-acetic acid (IAA) are tightly controlled through synthesis, inactivation, and transport. Many auxin precursors and modified auxin forms, used to regulate auxin homeostasis, have been identified; however, very little is known about the integration of multiple auxin biosynthesis and inactivation pathways. This review discusses the many ways auxin levels are regulated through biosynthesis, storage forms, and inactivation, and the potential roles modified auxins play in regulating the bioactive pool of auxin to affect plant growth and development. PMID:23580748

  16. 48 CFR Appendix - List of IAAR Forms

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 6 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false List of IAAR Forms Federal Acquisition Regulations System BROADCASTING BOARD OF GOVERNORS CLAUSES AND FORMS FORMS Illustrations of Forms The Broadcasting Board of Governors forms. List of IAAR Forms 1953.370-21The Broadcasting Board of Governors Form IA-21, Abstract...

  17. 48 CFR Appendix - List of IAAR Forms

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 6 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false List of IAAR Forms Federal Acquisition Regulations System BROADCASTING BOARD OF GOVERNORS CLAUSES AND FORMS FORMS Illustrations of Forms The Broadcasting Board of Governors forms. List of IAAR Forms 1953.370-21The Broadcasting Board of Governors Form IA-21, Abstract...

  18. 48 CFR 53.301 - Standard forms.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 2 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Standard forms. 53.301... AND FORMS FORMS Illustrations of Forms 53.301 Standard forms. This section illustrates the standard... order. The subsection numbers correspond with the standard form numbers (e.g., Standard Form 18...

  19. 48 CFR 53.301 - Standard forms.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 2 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Standard forms. 53.301... AND FORMS FORMS Illustrations of Forms 53.301 Standard forms. This section illustrates the standard... order. The subsection numbers correspond with the standard form numbers (e.g., Standard Form 18...

  20. 48 CFR 53.301 - Standard forms.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 2 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Standard forms. 53.301... AND FORMS FORMS Illustrations of Forms 53.301 Standard forms. This section illustrates the standard... order. The subsection numbers correspond with the standard form numbers (e.g., Standard Form 18...

  1. 48 CFR Appendix - List of IAAR Forms

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 6 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 true List of IAAR Forms Federal Acquisition Regulations System BROADCASTING BOARD OF GOVERNORS CLAUSES AND FORMS FORMS Illustrations of Forms The Broadcasting Board of Governors forms. List of IAAR Forms 1953.370-21The Broadcasting Board of Governors Form IA-21, Abstract...

  2. 48 CFR Appendix - List of IAAR Forms

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 6 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false List of IAAR Forms Federal Acquisition Regulations System BROADCASTING BOARD OF GOVERNORS CLAUSES AND FORMS FORMS Illustrations of Forms The Broadcasting Board of Governors forms. List of IAAR Forms 1953.370-21The Broadcasting Board of Governors Form IA-21, Abstract...

  3. Thermodynamic Properties of Magnesium Chloride Hydroxide Hydrate (Mg3Cl(OH)5:4H2O, Phase 5), and Its importance to Nuclear Waste Isolation in Geological Repositories in Salt Formations

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Xiong, Y.; Deng, H.; Nemer, M. B.; Johnsen, S.

    2009-12-01

    MgO (bulk, pure MgO corresponding to the mineral periclase) is the only engineered barrier certified by the Environmental Protection Agency for emplacement in the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) in the US, and an Mg(OH)2-based engineered barrier (bulk, pure Mg(OH)2 corresponding to brucite) is to be employed in the Asse repository in Germany. Both the WIPP and the Asse are located in salt formations. The WIPP is a U.S. Department of Energy geological repository being used for the permanent disposal of defense-related transuranic waste (TRU waste). The repository is 655 m below the surface, and is situated in the Salado Formation, a Permian salt bed mainly composed of halite, and of lesser amounts of polyhalite, anhydrite, gypsum, magnesite, clays and quartz. The WIPP Generic Weep Brine (GWB), a Na-Mg-Cl dominated brine, is associated with the Salado Formation. The previous vendor for MgO for the WIPP was Premier Chemicals and the current vendor is Martin Marietta Materials. Experimental studies of both Premier MgO and Martin Marietta MgO with the GWB at SNL indicate the formation of magnesium chloride hydroxide hydrate, Mg3Cl(OH)5:4H2O, termed as phase 5. However, this important phase is lacking in the existing thermodynamic database. In this study, the solubility constant of phase 5 is determined from a series of solubility experiments in MgCl2-NaCl solutions. The solubility constant at 25 oC for the following reaction, Mg3Cl(OH)5:4H2O + 5H+ = 3Mg2+ + 9H2O(l) + Cl- is recommended as 43.21±0.33 (2σ) based on the Specific Interaction Theory (SIT) model for extrapolation to infinite dilution. The log K obtained via the Pitzer equations is identical to the above value within the quoted uncertainty. The Gibbs free energy and enthalpy of formation for phase 5 at 25 oC are derived as -3384±2 (2σ) kJ mol-1 and -3896±6 (2σ) kJ mol-1, respectively. The standard entropy and heat capacity of phase 5 at 25 oC are estimated as 393±20 J mol-1 K-1 and 374±19 J mol-1 K

  4. Emerging Forms of School Organization.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rufo-Lignos, Patricia; Richards, Craig E.

    2003-01-01

    Examines new forms of school organization that do not fit traditional definitions of public and private schools. Three case studies explore critical features of the public-private distinction, highlighting the fuzzy boundaries between schools that are clearly public and schools that are clearly private, and contending that their shared…

  5. Process for forming sulfuric acid

    DOEpatents

    Lu, Wen-Tong P.

    1981-01-01

    An improved electrode is disclosed for the anode in a sulfur cycle hydrogen generation process where sulfur dioxie is oxidized to form sulfuric acid at the anode. The active compound in the electrode is palladium, palladium oxide, an alloy of palladium, or a mixture thereof. The active compound may be deposited on a porous, stable, conductive substrate.

  6. Synthesis Can Take Many Forms

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Darrow, Rob

    2005-01-01

    Synthesis can take many forms at the high school level and from a Big6 perspective. Synthesis means purposeful, valuable and interesting assignments. It is very important for a classroom teacher to recognize that students can synthesize information several times during a project and that there are many different ways to present information.

  7. Collaborating with Forms in Nature

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Castro, Aileen Pugliese

    2011-01-01

    Taking students outside is a great opportunity to make art. In this article, the author describes how her students collaborated with forms in nature to create their own visual structures to communicate ideas. This lesson can be done on the beach, in a sand box on the school playground, in grassy areas, or nature can even be brought into the…

  8. TEAM TEACHING HAS MANY FORMS.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    DIESMAN, FLORENCE M.

    COMMENTS ARE MADE ON VARIOUS FORMS OF TEAM TEACHING. AT FERRIS HIGH SCHOOL, SPOKANE, A TEAM OF FOUR INSTRUCTORS TAUGHT ENGLISH TO 526 SOPHOMORES, IN LECTURE GROUPS OF ABOUT 250 EACH. THE DAY WAS DIVIDED INTO 26 15-MINUTE MODULES. CLASS LECTURES, SEMINARS, STUDY PERIODS, LABORATORIES WERE ALL COMPOSED OF VARIOUS COMBINATIONS OF THESE MODULES.…

  9. Intersections: Form, Feeling, and Isomorphism

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Reichling, Mary J.

    2004-01-01

    In this article, the author examines the intersections of three concepts, form, feeling, and isomorphism, in the work of Susanne Langer, as they are fundamental to an understanding of her aesthetic theory and to the construction of a philosophy of music and music education. These three concepts hold meanings that differ among musicians and…

  10. Technetium Immobilization Forms Literature Survey

    SciTech Connect

    Westsik, Joseph H.; Cantrell, Kirk J.; Serne, R. Jeffrey; Qafoku, Nikolla

    2014-05-01

    Of the many radionuclides and contaminants in the tank wastes stored at the Hanford site, technetium-99 (99Tc) is one of the most challenging to effectively immobilize in a waste form for ultimate disposal. Within the Hanford Tank Waste Treatment and Immobilization Plant (WTP), the Tc will partition between both the high-level waste (HLW) and low-activity waste (LAW) fractions of the tank waste. The HLW fraction will be converted to a glass waste form in the HLW vitrification facility and the LAW fraction will be converted to another glass waste form in the LAW vitrification facility. In both vitrification facilities, the Tc is incorporated into the glass waste form but a significant fraction of the Tc volatilizes at the high glass-melting temperatures and is captured in the off-gas treatment systems at both facilities. The aqueous off-gas condensate solution containing the volatilized Tc is recycled and is added to the LAW glass melter feed. This recycle process is effective in increasing the loading of Tc in the LAW glass but it also disproportionally increases the sulfur and halides in the LAW melter feed which increases both the amount of LAW glass and either the duration of the LAW vitrification mission or the required supplemental LAW treatment capacity.

  11. Triggered pore-forming agents

    DOEpatents

    Bayley, H.; Walker, B.J.; Chang, C.Y.; Niblack, B.; Panchal, R.

    1998-07-07

    An inactive pore-forming agent is revealed which is activated to lytic function by a condition such as pH, light, heat, reducing potential, or metal ion concentration, or substance such as a protease, at the surface of a cell. 30 figs.

  12. Spin-forming Project Report

    SciTech Connect

    Switzner, Nathan; Henry, Dick

    2009-03-20

    In a second development order, spin-forming equipment was again evaluated using the test shape, a hemispherical shell. In this second development order, pure vanadium and alloy titanium (Ti-6Al-4V) were spin-formed, as well as additional copper and 21-6-9 stainless. In the first development order the following materials had been spin-formed: copper (alloy C11000 ETP), 6061 aluminum, 304L stainless steel, 21-6-9 stainless steel, and tantalum-2.5% tungsten. Significant challenges included properly adjusting the rotations-per-minute (RPM), cracking at un-beveled edges and laser marks, redressing of notches, surface cracking, non-uniform temperature evolution in the titanium, and cracking of the tailstock. Lessons learned were that 300 RPM worked better than 600 RPM for most materials (at the feed rate of 800 mm/min); beveling the edges to lower the stress reduces edge cracking; notches, laser marks, or edge defects in the preform doom the process to cracking and failure; coolant is required for vanadium spin-forming; increasing the number of passes to nine or more eliminates surface cracking for vanadium; titanium develops a hot zone in front of the rollers; and the tailstock should be redesigned to eliminate the cylindrical stress concentrator in the center.

  13. Researching New Forms of Literacy.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mackey, Margaret

    2003-01-01

    Proposes that reading researchers and teachers must acknowledge that contemporary new readers have no other way of learning about reading except within the context of a background of vast textual experience across many media and through multiple forms of address. Suggests educators need to take a broad view of the complex context in which texts…

  14. Assessing "Combining Forms" in Science.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Floriani, Bernard P.; Cairns, Jack C.

    1982-01-01

    Since there appears to be a direct relationship between reading comprehension and vocabulary, an inventory is offered which assesses students' knowledge of the meaning of "combining forms" (automobile, aero-dynamics, etc.) and not words themselves. The inventory can serve as a model to develop additional inventories for Latin/Greek roots.…

  15. Cheaper Hydride-Forming Cathodes

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Jones, Jack A.; Blue, Gary

    1990-01-01

    Hydride-forming cathodes for electrochemical experiments made of materials or combinations of materials cheaper and more abundant than pure palladium, according to proposal. Concept prompted by needs of experimenters in now-discredited concept of electrochemical nuclear fusion, cathodes useful in other electrochemical applications involving generation or storage of hydrogen, deuterium, or tritium.

  16. Stress transfer by the 1988-1989 M = 5.3 and 5.4 Lake Elsman foreshocks to the Loma Prieta fault: Unclamping at the site of peak mainshock slip

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Perfettini, Hugo; Stein, Ross S.; Simpson, Robert; Cocco, Massimo

    1999-09-01

    We study the stress transferred by the June 27, 1988, M = 5.3 and August 8, 1989, M = 5.4 Lake Elsman earthquakes, the largest events to strike within 15 km of the future Loma Prieta rupture zone during 74 years before the 1989 M = 6.9 Loma Prieta earthquake. We find that the first Lake Elsman event brought the rupture plane of the second event 0.3-1.6 bars (0.03-0.16 MPa) closer to Coulomb failure but that the Lake Elsman events did not bring the future Loma Prieta hypocentral zone closer to failure. Instead, the Lake Elsman earthquakes are calculated to have reduced the normal stress on (or "undamped") the Loma Prieta rupture surface by 0.5-1.0 bar (0.05-0.10 MPa) at the site where the greatest slip subsequently occurred in the Loma Prieta earthquake. This association between the sites of peak unclamping and slip suggests that the Lake Elsman events did indeed influence the Loma Prieta rupture process. Unclamping the fault would have locally lowered the resistance to sliding. Such an effect could have been enhanced if the lowered normal stress permitted fluid infusion into the undamped part of the fault. Although less well recorded, the ML = 5.0 1964 and ML = 5.3 1967 Corralitos events struck within 10 km of the southwest end of the future Loma Prieta rupture. No similar relationship between the normal stress change and subsequent Loma Prieta slip is observed, although the high-slip patch southwest of the Loma Prieta epicenter corresponds roughly to the site of calculated Coulomb stress increase for a low coefficient of friction. The Lake Elsman-Loma Prieta result is similar to that for the 1987 M = 6.2 Elmore Ranch and M = 6.7 Superstition Hills earthquakes, suggesting that foreshocks might influence the distribution of mainshock slip rather than the site of mainshock nucleation.

  17. Protective effects of 2,3,5,4'-tetrahydroxystilbene-2-O-β-D-glucoside in the MPTP-induced mouse model of Parkinson's disease: Involvement of reactive oxygen species-mediated JNK, P38 and mitochondrial pathways.

    PubMed

    He, Hong; Wang, Songhai; Tian, Jiyu; Chen, Lei; Zhang, Wei; Zhao, Junjie; Tang, Haifeng; Zhang, Xiaojun; Chen, Jianzong

    2015-11-15

    Parkinson's disease (PD) is characterized by the selective death of dopaminergic neurons in the substantia nigra pars compacta. Oxidative stress-induced neuron loss is thought to play a crucial role in the pathogenesis of PD. Previous work from our group suggests that 2,3,5,4'-tetrahydroxystilbene-2-O-β-D-glucoside (TSG), an active component extracted from a traditional Chinese herb, Polygonum multiflorum thunb, can attenuate 1-methyl-4-phenyl pyridium-induced apoptosis in the neuronal cell line PC12, by inhibiting reactive oxygen species generation and modulating c-Jun N-terminal kinases (JNK) activation. Here, we investigated the protective effects of TSG against 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropypridine (MPTP)-induced loss of tyrosine hydroxylase positive cells in mice and the underlying mechanisms. The results showed that MPTP-induced loss of tyrosine hydroxylase positive cells and reactive oxygen species generation were prevented by TSG in a dose-dependent manner. The reactive oxygen species scavenger N-acetylcysteine could also mitigate reactive oxygen species generation. Moreover, JNK and P38 were activated by MPTP, but extracellular signal-regulated protein kinases phosphorylation did not change after MPTP treatment. TSG at different doses blocked the activation of JNK and P38. The protective effect of TSG was also associated with downregulation of the bax/bcl-2 ratio, reversed the release of cytochrome c and smac, and inhibited the activation of caspase-3, -6, and -9 induced by MPTP. In conclusion, our studies demonstrated that the protective effects of TSG in the MPTP-induced mouse model of PD are involved, at least in part, in controlling reactive oxygen species-mediated JNK, P38, and mitochondrial pathways. PMID:26477638

  18. 3,5,4'-Tri-O-acetylresveratrol decreases seawater inhalation-induced acute lung injury by interfering with the NF-κB and i-NOS pathways.

    PubMed

    Ma, Lijie; Chen, Xiangjun; Wang, Ruixuan; Duan, Hongtao; Wang, Libin; Liang, Li; Nan, Yandong; Liu, Xueying; Liu, Ao; Jin, Faguang

    2016-01-01

    Drowning is a cause of accidental mortality. However, survival may result in acute lung injury. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effects of 3,5,4'-tri-O-acetylresveratrol (AC-Res) on acute lung injury (ALI) induced by seawater inhalation in rats. ALI models were established by the tracheal instillation of artificial seawater with or without 50 mg/kg AC-Res pretreatment for 7 days. Lung samples from different groups were harvested 4 h after the model was established. Histological changes, blood vessel permeability, inflammatory factor secretion and expression states of the nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) and inducible NOS (i-NOS) pathway were assessed to evaluate seawater‑induced lung injury and the protective effects of acetylated resveratrol. The results showed that seawater inspiration led to physiological structure changes and an increased permeability of blood vessels. In addition, seawater stimulation enhanced the expression levels of nitric oxide (NO), tumor necrosis factor α (TNF-α) and interleukin-1 β (IL-1β) secretion in vitro and in vivo. Notably, seawater inhalation increased NF-κB and i-NOS expression in lungs and cells. On the other hand, pretreatment of AC-Res inhibited the abnormal expression of the NF-κB and i-NOS pathways, followed by decreased NO, TNF-α and IL-1β secretion, protein and cell content in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) and Evans blue, protein and cell infiltration from blood vessels into lung tissues. The results therefore suggest that AC-Res attenuated seawater inhalation induced‑ALI by interfering with the NF-κB and i-NOS pathways. PMID:26573555

  19. 3-(imidazo[1,2-a:5,4-b']dipyridin-2-yl)aniline inhibits pestivirus replication by targeting a hot spot drug binding pocket in the RNA-dependent RNA polymerase.

    PubMed

    Musiu, Simone; Leyssen, Pieter; Froeyen, Mathy; Chezal, Jean-Michel; Neyts, Johan; Paeshuyse, Jan

    2016-05-01

    The compound 3-(imidazo[1,2-a:5,4-b']dipyridin-2-yl)aniline (CF02334) was identified as a selective inhibitor of the cytopathic effect (CPE) caused by bovine viral diarrhea virus (BVDV) in a virus-cell-based assay. The EC50-values for inhibition of CPE, viral RNA synthesis and the production of infectious virus progeny were 13.0 ± 0.6 μM, 2.6 ± 0.9 μM and 17.8 ± 0.6 μM, respectively. CF02334 was found to be inactive in the hepatitis C subgenomic replicon system. CF02334-resistant BVDV was obtained and was found to carry the N264D mutation in the viral RNA-dependent RNA polymerase (RdRp). Molecular modeling revealed that N264D is located in a small cavity near the fingertip domain of the pestivirus polymerase. CF02334-resistant BVDV was proven to be cross-resistant to BPIP, AG110 and LZ37, inhibitors that have previously been described to target the same region of the BVDV RdRp. CF02334 did not inhibit the in vitro activity of recombinant BVDV RdRp, but did inhibit the activity of BVDV replication complexes. Taken together, these observations indicate that CF02334 likely interacts with the fingertip of the pestivirus RdRp at the same position as BPIP, AG110 and LZ37, which marks this region of the viral polymerase as a "hot spot" for inhibition of pestivirus replication. PMID:26970496

  20. Resveratrol (trans-3,5,4′-Trihydroxystilbene) Ameliorates Experimental Allergic Encephalomyelitis, Primarily via Induction of Apoptosis in T Cells Involving Activation of Aryl Hydrocarbon Receptor and Estrogen Receptor

    PubMed Central

    Singh, Narendra P.; Hegde, Venkatesh L.; Hofseth, Lorne J.; Nagarkatti, Mitzi; Nagarkatti, Prakash

    2016-01-01

    Resveratrol (trans-3,5,4′-trihydroxystilbene), a polyphenolic compound found in plant products, including red grapes, exhibits anticancer, antioxidant, and anti-inflammatory properties. Using an animal model of multiple sclerosis (MS), we investigated the use of resveratrol for the treatment of autoimmune diseases. We observed that resveratrol treatment decreased the clinical symptoms and inflammatory responses in experimental allergic encephalomyelitis (EAE)-induced mice. Furthermore, we observed significant apoptosis in inflammatory cells in spinal cord of EAE-induced mice treated with resveratrol compared with the control mice. Resveratrol administration also led to significant down-regulation of certain cytokines and chemokines in EAE-induced mice including tumor necrosis factor-α, interferon-γ, interleukin (IL)-2, IL-9, IL-12, IL-17, macrophage inflammatory protein-1α (MIP-1α), monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1), regulated on activation normal T-cell expressed and secreted (RANTES), and Eotaxin. In vitro studies on the mechanism of action revealed that resveratrol triggered high levels of apoptosis in activated T cells and to a lesser extent in unactivated T cells. Moreover, resveratrol-induced apoptosis was mediated through activation of aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR) and estrogen receptor (ER) and correlated with up-regulation of AhR, Fas, and FasL expression. In addition, resveratrol-induced apoptosis in primary T cells correlated with cleavage of caspase-8, caspase-9, caspase-3, poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase, and release of cytochrome c. Data from the present study demonstrate, for the first time, the ability of resveratrol to trigger apoptosis in activated T cells and its potential use in the treatment of inflammatory and autoimmune diseases including, MS. PMID:17872969

  1. Characterization of 2-(2,6-dichloro-benzyl)-thiazolo[5,4-d]pyrimidin-7-yl]-(4-trifluoromethyl-phenyl)-amine (JNJ-39729209) as a novel TRPV1 antagonist.

    PubMed

    Maher, Michael P; Bhattacharya, Anindya; Ao, Hong; Swanson, Nadia; Wu, Nyan-Tsz; Freedman, Jamie; Kansagara, Mena; Scott, Brian; Li, Dong H; Eckert, William A; Liu, Yi; Sepassi, Kia; Rizzolio, Michele; Fitzgerald, Anne; Liu, Jing; Branstetter, Bryan J; Rech, Jason C; Lebsack, Alec D; Breitenbucher, J Guy; Wickenden, Alan D; Chaplan, Sandra R

    2011-08-01

    As an integrator of multiple nociceptive and/or inflammatory stimuli, TRPV1 is an attractive therapeutic target for the treatment of various painful disorders. Several TRPV1 antagonists have been advanced into clinical trials and the initial observations suggest that TRPV1 antagonism may be associated with mild hyperthermia and thermal insensitivity in man. However, no clinical efficacy studies have been described to date, making an assessment of risk:benefit impossible. Furthermore, it is not clear whether these early observations are representative of all TRPV1 antagonists and whether additional clinical studies with novel TRPV1 antagonists are required in order to understand optimal compound characteristics. In the present study we describe 2-(2,6-dichloro-benzyl)-thiazolo[5,4-d]pyrimidin-7-yl]-(4-trifluoromethyl-phenyl)-amine (JNJ-39729309) as a novel, TRPV1 antagonist. JNJ-39729209 displaced tritiated resiniferotoxin binding to TRPV1 and prevented TRPV1 activation by capsaicin, protons and heat. In-vivo, JNJ-39729209 blocked capsaicin-induced hypotension, induced a mild hyperthermia and inhibited capsaicin-induced hypothermia in a dose dependent manner. JNJ-39729209 showed significant efficacy against carrageenan- and CFA-evoked thermal hyperalgesia and exhibited significant anti-tussive activity in a guinea-pig model of capsaicin-induced cough. In pharmacokinetic studies, JNJ-39729209 was found to have low clearance, a moderate volume of distribution, good oral bioavailability and was brain penetrant. On the basis of these findings, JNJ-39729209 represents a structurally novel TRPV1 antagonist with potential for clinical development. The advancement of JNJ-39729209 into human clinical trials could be useful in further understanding the analgesic potential of TRPV1 antagonists. PMID:21575625

  2. Synthesis, SAR Study and Evaluation of Mannich and Schiff Bases of Pyrazol-5(4H)-one Moiety Containing 3-(Hydrazinyl)-2-phenylquinazolin-4(3H)-one

    PubMed Central

    Sivakumar, K. K.; Rajasekharan, A.; Rao, R.; Narasimhan, B.

    2013-01-01

    In the present investigation, a series of 12 Mannich bases (QP1-12) and 5 Schiff bases (QSP1-5) of pyrazol-5(4H)-one moiety containing 3-(hydrazinyl)-2-phenylquinazolin-4(3H)-one has been synthesized and characterized by physicochemical as well as spectral means. The synthesized Mannich and Schiff bases were screened for their preliminary antimicrobial activity against Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacterial as well as fungal strains by the determination of zone of inhibition. Mannich bases (QP1-12) were found to be more potent antibacterial agents against Gram-positive bacteria, whereas Schiff bases (QSP1-5) were more potent against Gram-negative bacteria and fungi. Minimum inhibitory concentration result demonstrated that Mannich base compound (QP7) having ortho -OH and para -COOH group showed some improvement in antibacterial activity (minimum inhibitory concentration of 48.88×10−3 μM/ml) among the tested Gram-positive organisms and it also exhibit minimum inhibitory concentration of value of 12.22×10−3 μM/ml for Klebsiella pneumoniae. The antitubercular activity of synthesized compounds against Mycobacterium tuberculosis (H37Rv) was determined using microplate alamar blue assay. Compound QP11 showed appreciable antitubercular activity (minimum inhibitory concentration of 6.49×10−3 μM/ml) which was more active than the standard drugs, ethambutol (minimum inhibitory concentration of 7.60×10−3 μM/ml) and ciprofloxacin (9.4×10−3 μM/ml). Compounds QP11, QP9, QSP1, QSP2, and QSP5 have good selective index and may be selected as a lead compound for the development of novel antitubercular agents. PMID:24302802

  3. Electro-Hydraulic Forming of Sheet Metals: Free-forming vs. Conical-die Forming

    SciTech Connect

    Rohatgi, Aashish; Stephens, Elizabeth V.; Davies, Richard W.; Smith, Mark T.; Soulami, Ayoub; Ahzi, Said

    2012-05-01

    This work builds upon our recent advances in quantifying high-rate deformation behavior of sheet metals, during electro-hydraulic forming (EHF), using high-speed imaging and digital image correlation techniques. Following recent publication of an earlier manuscript, resulting from this project, in the Journal of Materials Processing Technology, this manuscript further details our results and compares forming behavior when the process is carried out inside an open-die or a conical die. It is anticipated that quantitative information of the sheet deformation history, made possible by the experimental technique developed in this work, will improve our understanding on the roles of strain-rate and sheet-die interactions in enhancing the sheet metal formability during high-rate forming. This knowledge will be beneficial to the automotive industry and enable them to fabricate light-weight sheet parts out of Al and advanced high strength steels.

  4. Crystal structure of (5-chloro-2-hy­droxy­phen­yl)(3-methyl­isoxazolo[5,4-b]pyridin-5-yl)methanone

    PubMed Central

    Raja, Rajamani; Poomathi, Nataraj; Perumal, Paramasivam T.; SubbiahPandi, A.

    2015-01-01

    In the title compound, C14H9ClN2O3, the fused pyridine and isoxazole rings are approximately planar, making a dihedral angle of 1.14 (16)°. The mol­ecule is twisted with the benzene ring and the mean plane through the fused pyridine-isoxazole ring system being inclined to one another by 47.03 (13)°. There is an intra­molecular O—H⋯O hydrogen bond forming an S(6) ring motif. In the crystal, mol­ecules are linked by C—H⋯N hydrogen bonds, forming chains propagating along [001]. The chains are linked by slipped parallel π–π inter­actions, involving inversion-related benzene rings, forming slabs lying parallel to the bc plane {inter-centroid distance = 3.770 (2) Å]. PMID:26594574

  5. 76 FR 61725 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Case Submission Form, Case Assistance Form; (Form DHS...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-10-05

    ... Federal Register on July 18, 2011 at 76 FR 42129, for a 60-day public comment period. No comments were... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND...-7001), Online Ombudsman Form DHS-7001 AGENCY: Office of the Citizenship and Immigration...

  6. Terra firma-forme dermatosis.

    PubMed

    Oztürk, Ferdi; Kocabaş, Engin; Ertan, Pelin; Ermertcan, Aylin Türel

    2010-12-01

    Terra firma-forme dermatosis (TFFD) is an uncommon disorder of keratinization with an unknown etiology in which patients present with dirt-like lesions that are resistant to washing. A 6-year old girl presented with the complaint of an asymptomatic brownish black dirt-like eruption on her body. Her parents reported no response to washing with soap and water. Dermatologic examination revealed brown hyperpigmented patches on the trunk and abdominal region. TFFD was suspected, and isopropyl alcohol was applied to the patient's lesions. All lesions completely disappeared after rubbing with alcohol. Terra firma-forme dermatosis is a relatively recently described entity that is much more common than might be expected when surveying the medical literature. With the very few reports found in the literature about TFFD, we believe that an increased awareness of this entity among primary care physicians would help decrease unnecessary worries or medical procedures, since TFFD lesions simply resolve by rubbing with isopropyl alcohol. PMID:20684734

  7. Free-form illumination optics

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mohedano, Rubén; Chaves, Julio; Hernández, Maikel

    2016-04-01

    In many illumination problems, the beam pattern needed and/or some geometrical constraints lead to very asymmetric design conditions. These asymmetries have been solved in the past by means of arrangements of rotationally symmetric or linear lamps aimed in different directions whose patterns overlap to provide the asymmetric prescriptions or by splitting one single lamp into several sections, each one providing a part of the pattern. The development of new design methods yielding smooth continuous free-form optical surfaces to solve these challenging design problems, combined with the proper CAD modeling tools plus the development of multiple axes diamond turn machines, give birth to a new generation of optics. These are able to offer the performance and other advanced features, such as efficiency, compactness, or aesthetical advantages, and can be manufactured at low cost by injection molding. This paper presents two examples of devices with free-form optical surfaces, a camera flash, and a car headlamp.

  8. Method of forming clathrate ice

    DOEpatents

    Hino, Toshiyuki; Gorski, Anthony J.

    1987-01-01

    A method of forming clathrate ice in a supercooled water-based liquid contained in a vessel is disclosed. Initially, an oscillator device is located in the liquid in the vessel. The oscillator device is then oscillated ultrasonically so that small crystals are formed in the liquid. These small crystals serve as seed crystals for ice formation in the liquid and thereby prevent supercooling of the liquid. Preferably, the oscillating device is controlled by a thermostat which initiates operation of the oscillator device when the temperature of the liquid is lowered to the freezing point. Thereafter, the operation of the oscillator device is terminated when ice is sensed in the liquid by an ice sensor.

  9. Method for forming hermetic seals

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Gallagher, Brian D.

    1987-01-01

    The firmly adherent film of bondable metal, such as silver, is applied to the surface of glass or other substrate by decomposing a layer of solution of a thermally decomposable metallo-organic deposition (MOD) compound such as silver neodecanoate in xylene. The MOD compound thermally decomposes into metal and gaseous by-products. Sealing is accomplished by depositing a layer of bonding metal, such as solder or a brazing alloy, on the metal film and then forming an assembly with another high melting point metal surface such as a layer of Kovar. When the assembly is heated above the temperature of the solder, the solder flows, wets the adjacent surfaces and forms a hermetic seal between the metal film and metal surface when the assembly cools.

  10. Method of forming a joint

    DOEpatents

    Butt, Darryl Paul; Cutler, Raymond Ashton; Rynders, Steven Walton; Carolan, Michael Francis

    2006-08-22

    A method of joining at least two sintered bodies to form a composite structure, including providing a first multicomponent metallic oxide having a perovskitic or fluorite crystal structure; providing a second sintered body including a second multicomponent metallic oxide having a crystal structure of the same type as the first; and providing at an interface a joint material containing at least one metal oxide containing at least one metal identically contained in at least one of the first and second multicomponent metallic oxides. The joint material is free of cations of Si, Ge, Sn, Pb, P and Te and has a melting point below the sintering temperatures of both sintered bodies. The joint material is heated to a temperature above the melting point of the metal oxide(s) and below the sintering temperatures of the sintered bodies to form the joint. Structures containing such joints are also disclosed.

  11. Method of forming calthrate ice

    DOEpatents

    Hino, T.; Gorski, A.J.

    1985-09-30

    A method of forming clathrate ice in a supercooled water-based liquid contained in a vessel is disclosed. Initially, an oscillator device is located in the liquid in the vessel. The oscillator device is then oscillated ultransonically so that small crystals are formed in the liquid. Thes small crystals serve as seed crystals for ice formation in the liquid and thereby prevent supercooling of the liquid. Preferably, the oscillating device is controlled by a thermostat which initiates operation of the oscillator device when the temperature of the liquid is lowered to the freezing point. Thereafter, the operation of the oscillator device is terminated when ice is sensed in the liquid by an ice sensor.

  12. Unsplit bipolar pulse forming line

    DOEpatents

    Rhodes, Mark A.

    2011-05-24

    A bipolar pulse forming transmission line module and system for linear induction accelerators having first, second, third, and fourth planar conductors which form a sequentially arranged interleaved stack having opposing first and second ends, with dielectric layers between the conductors. The first and second planar conductors are connected to each other at the first end, and the first and fourth planar conductors are connected to each other at the second end via a shorting plate. The third planar conductor is electrically connectable to a high voltage source, and an internal switch functions to short at the first end a high voltage from the third planar conductor to the fourth planar conductor to produce a bipolar pulse at the acceleration axis with a zero net time integral. Improved access to the switch is enabled by an aperture through the shorting plate and the proximity of the aperture to the switch.

  13. Studying how protein crystals form

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2000-01-01

    Watching molecules of the iron-storing protein apoferritin come together to form a nucleus reveals some interesting behavior. In this series of images, researchers observed clusters of four molecules at the corners of a diamond shape (top). As more molecules attach to the cluster, they arrange themselves into rods (second from top), and a raft-like configuration of molecules forms the critical nucleus (third from top), suggesting that crystal growth is much slower than it could be were the molecules arranged in a more compact formation. In the final image, a crystallite consisting of three layers containing approximately 60 to 70 molecules each is formed. Atomic force microscopy made visualizing the process of nucleation possible for the first time. The principal investigator is Peter Vekilov, of the University of Alabama in Huntsville. Vekilov's team at UAH studies protein solutions as they change phases from liquids to crystalline solids. They want to know if the molecules in the solution interact with one another, and if so, how, from the perspectives of thermodynamics and kinetics. They want to understand which forces -- electrical, electrostatic, hydrodynamic, or other kinds of forces -- are responsible for the interactions. They also study nucleation, the begirning stage of crystallization. This process is important to understand because it sets the stage for crystal growth in all kinds of solutions and liquid melts that are important in such diverse fields as agriculture, medicine, and the fabrication of metal components. Nucleation can determine the rate of crystal growth, the number of crystals that will be formed, and the quality and size of the crystals.

  14. Form development sample test matrix

    SciTech Connect

    Ebbinghaus, B B

    1999-10-15

    This document summarizes the status of sample fabrication and analysis in the Form Development Sample Test Matrix. Since its publication in the ''Baseline Formulation'' report (UCRL-ID- 133089, PIP-99-O 12) and in the ''Complete Single-Phase Sample Fabrications that Support the Licensing Application and Complete Process and Compositional Extreme Sample Fabrications that Support the Licensing Application'' report (PIP-99-078), the Sample Test Matrix has been updated and expanded. This version is current though September 30, 1999.

  15. How do atmospheric rivers form?

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Dacre, Helen

    2015-04-01

    The term atmospheric river is used to describe corridors of strong water vapor transport in the troposphere. Filaments of enhanced water vapor, commonly observed in satellite imagery extending from the subtropics to the extratropics, are routinely used as a proxy for identifying these regions of strong water vapor transport. The precipitation associated with these filaments of enhanced water vapor can lead to high impact flooding events. However, there remains some debate as to how these filaments form. In this study we analyse the transport of water vapor within a climatology of wintertime North Atlantic extratropical cyclones. Results show that atmospheric rivers are formed by the cold front which sweeps up water vapor in the warm sector as it catches up with the warm front. This causes a narrow band of high water vapor content to form ahead of the cold front at the base of the warm conveyor belt airflow. Thus, water vapor in the cyclone's warm sector, and not long-distance transport of water vapor from the subtropics, is responsible for the generation of filaments of high water vapor content. A continuous cycle of evaporation and moisture convergence within the cyclone replenishes water vapor lost via precipitation. Thus, rather than representing a direct and continuous feed of moist air from the subtropics into the centre of a cyclone (as suggested by the term atmospheric river), these filaments are, in-fact, the result of water vapor exported from the cyclone and thus they represent the footprints left behind as cyclones travel polewards from subtropics.

  16. Coated particle waste form development

    SciTech Connect

    Oma, K.H.; Buckwalter, C.Q.; Chick, L.A.

    1981-12-01

    Coated particle waste forms have been developed as part of the multibarrier concept at Pacific Northwest Laboratory under the Alternative Waste Forms Program for the Department of Energy. Primary efforts were to coat simulated nuclear waste glass marbles and ceramic pellets with low-temperature pyrolytic carbon (LT-PyC) coatings via the process of chemical vapor deposition (CVD). Fluidized bed (FB) coaters, screw agitated coaters (SAC), and rotating tube coaters were used. Coating temperatures were reduced by using catalysts and plasma activation. In general, the LT-PyC coatings did not provide the expected high leach resistance as previously measured for carbon alone. The coatings were friable and often spalled off the substrate. A totally different concept, thermal spray coating, was investigated at PNL as an alternative to CVD coating. Flame spray, wire gun, and plasma gun systems were evaluated using glass, ceramic, and metallic coating materials. Metal plasma spray coatings (Al, Sn, Zn, Pb) provided a two to three orders-of-magnitude increase in chemical durability. Because the aluminum coatings were porous, the superior leach resistance must be due to either a chemical interaction or to a pH buffer effect. Because they are complex, coated waste form processes rank low in process feasibility. Of all the possible coated particle processes, plasma sprayed marbles have the best rating. Carbon coating of pellets by CVD ranked ninth when compared with ten other processes. The plasma-spray-coated marble process ranked sixth out of eleven processes.

  17. Rib forming tool for tubing

    DOEpatents

    Rowley, James P.; Lewandowski, Edward F.; Groh, Edward F.

    1976-01-01

    Three cylindrical rollers are rotatably mounted equidistant from the center of a hollow tool head on radii spaced 120.degree. apart. Each roller has a thin flange; the three flanges lie in a single plane to form an internal circumferential rib in a rotating tubular workpiece. The tool head has two complementary parts with two rollers in one part of the head and one roller in the other part; the two parts are joined by a hinge. A second hinge, located so the rollers are between the two hinges, connects one of the parts to a tool bar mounted in a lathe tool holder. The axes of rotation of both hinges and all three rollers are parallel. A hole exposing equal portions of the three roller flanges is located in the center of the tool head. The two hinges permit the tool head to be opened and rotated slightly downward, taking the roller flanges out of the path of the workpiece which is supported on both ends and rotated by the lathe. The parts of the tool head are then closed on the workpiece so that the flanges are applied to the workpiece and form the rib. The tool is then relocated for forming of the next rib.

  18. Dynamic Forms. Part 1: Functions

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Meyer, George; Smith, G. Allan

    1993-01-01

    The formalism of dynamic forms is developed as a means for organizing and systematizing the design control systems. The formalism allows the designer to easily compute derivatives to various orders of large composite functions that occur in flight-control design. Such functions involve many function-of-a-function calls that may be nested to many levels. The component functions may be multiaxis, nonlinear, and they may include rotation transformations. A dynamic form is defined as a variable together with its time derivatives up to some fixed but arbitrary order. The variable may be a scalar, a vector, a matrix, a direction cosine matrix, Euler angles, or Euler parameters. Algorithms for standard elementary functions and operations of scalar dynamic forms are developed first. Then vector and matrix operations and transformations between parameterization of rotations are developed in the next level in the hierarchy. Commonly occurring algorithms in control-system design, including inversion of pure feedback systems, are developed in the third level. A large-angle, three-axis attitude servo and other examples are included to illustrate the effectiveness of the developed formalism. All algorithms were implemented in FORTRAN code. Practical experience shows that the proposed formalism may significantly improve the productivity of the design and coding process.

  19. Fuzzy logic of Aristotelian forms

    SciTech Connect

    Perlovsky, L.I.

    1996-12-31

    Model-based approaches to pattern recognition and machine vision have been proposed to overcome the exorbitant training requirements of earlier computational paradigms. However, uncertainties in data were found to lead to a combinatorial explosion of the computational complexity. This issue is related here to the roles of a priori knowledge vs. adaptive learning. What is the a-priori knowledge representation that supports learning? I introduce Modeling Field Theory (MFT), a model-based neural network whose adaptive learning is based on a priori models. These models combine deterministic, fuzzy, and statistical aspects to account for a priori knowledge, its fuzzy nature, and data uncertainties. In the process of learning, a priori fuzzy concepts converge to crisp or probabilistic concepts. The MFT is a convergent dynamical system of only linear computational complexity. Fuzzy logic turns out to be essential for reducing the combinatorial complexity to linear one. I will discuss the relationship of the new computational paradigm to two theories due to Aristotle: theory of Forms and logic. While theory of Forms argued that the mind cannot be based on ready-made a priori concepts, Aristotelian logic operated with just such concepts. I discuss an interpretation of MFT suggesting that its fuzzy logic, combining a-priority and adaptivity, implements Aristotelian theory of Forms (theory of mind). Thus, 2300 years after Aristotle, a logic is developed suitable for his theory of mind.

  20. 48 CFR 253.303 - Agency forms.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 3 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Agency forms. 253.303 Section 253.303 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEFENSE ACQUISITION REGULATIONS SYSTEM, DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE CLAUSES AND FORMS FORMS Illustration of Forms 253.303 Agency forms. DoD forms...

  1. 48 CFR 253.303 - Agency forms.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 3 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Agency forms. 253.303 Section 253.303 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEFENSE ACQUISITION REGULATIONS SYSTEM, DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE CLAUSES AND FORMS FORMS Illustration of Forms 253.303 Agency forms. DoD forms...

  2. 48 CFR 253.303 - Agency forms.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 3 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Agency forms. 253.303 Section 253.303 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEFENSE ACQUISITION REGULATIONS SYSTEM, DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE CLAUSES AND FORMS FORMS Illustration of Forms 253.303 Agency forms. DoD forms...

  3. 48 CFR 253.303 - Agency forms.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 3 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Agency forms. 253.303 Section 253.303 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEFENSE ACQUISITION REGULATIONS SYSTEM, DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE CLAUSES AND FORMS FORMS Illustration of Forms 253.303 Agency forms. DoD forms...

  4. Pharmacokinetics in Wistar Rats of 5-[(4-Carboxybutanoyl)Amino]-2-Hydroxybenzoic Acid: A Novel Synthetic Derivative of 5-Aminosalicylic Acid (5-ASA) with Possible Anti-Inflammatory Activity.

    PubMed

    Romero-Castro, Aurelio; Gutiérrez-Sánchez, Mara; Correa-Basurto, José; Rosales Hernández, Martha Cecilia; Padilla Martínez, Itzia Irene; Mendieta-Wejebe, Jessica Elena

    2016-01-01

    5-[(4-carboxybutanoyl)amino]-2-hydroxybenzoic acid (C2) is a novel synthetic derivative of 5-aminosalicylic acid (5-ASA), which is currently being evaluated ex vivo as an anti-inflammatory agent and has shown satisfactory results. This study aimed to obtain the pharmacokinetic profiles, tissue distribution and plasma protein binding of C2 in Wistar Rats. Additionally, an HPLC method was developed and validated to quantify C2 in rat plasma. The pharmacokinetic profiles of intragastric, intravenous and intraperitoneal administration routes at singles doses of 100, 50, and 100 mg/kg, respectively, were studied in Wistar rats. The elimination half-life of intravenously administered C2 was approximately 33 min. The maximum plasma level of C2 was reached approximately 24 min after intragastric administration, with a Cmax value of 2.5 g/mL and an AUCtot value of 157 μg min-1/mL; the oral bioavailability was approximately 13%. Following a single intragastric or oral dose (100 mg/kg), C2 was distributed and detected in all examined tissues (including the brain and colon). The results showed that C2 accumulates over time. The plasma protein binding results indicated that the unbound fraction of C2 at concentrations of 1 to 20 μg/mL ranged from 89.8% to 92.5%, meaning that this fraction of C2 is available to cross tissues. Finally, the blood-plasma partitioning (BP ratio) of C2 in rat plasma was 0.71 and 0.6 at concentrations of 5 and 10 μg/mL, respectively, which indicates that C2 is free in the plasmatic phase and not inside blood cells. The results of this study suggest that a fraction of the administered C2 dose is absorbed in the stomach, and the fraction that is not absorbed reaches the small intestine and colon. This distribution constitutes the main advantage of C2 compared with 5-ASA for the treatment of ulcerative colitis (UC) and Crohn's disease (CD). PMID:27454774

  5. 3,5,4′-Trimethoxystilbene, a natural methoxylated analog of resveratrol, inhibits breast cancer cell invasiveness by downregulation of PI3K/Akt and Wnt/β-catenin signaling cascades and reversal of epithelial–mesenchymal transition

    SciTech Connect

    Tsai, Jie-Heng; Hsu, Li-Sung; Lin, Chih-Li; Hong, Hui-Mei; Pan, Min-Hsiung; Way, Tzong-Der; Chen, Wei-Jen

    2013-11-01

    The molecular basis of epithelial–mesenchymal transition (EMT) functions as a potential therapeutic target for breast cancer because EMT may endow breast tumor-initiating cells with stem-like characteristics and enable the dissemination of breast cancer cells. We have recently verified the antitumor activity of 3,5,4′-trimethoxystilbene (MR-3), a naturally methoxylated derivative of resveratrol, in colorectal cancer xenografts via an induction of apoptosis. The effect of MR-3 on EMT and the invasiveness of human MCF-7 breast adenocarcinoma cell line were also explored. We found that MR-3 significantly increased epithelial marker E-cadherin expression and triggered a cobblestone-like morphology of MCF-7 cells, while reciprocally decreasing the expression of mesenchymal markers, such as snail, slug, and vimentin. In parallel with EMT reversal, MR-3 downregulated the invasion and migration of MCF-7 cells. Exploring the action mechanism of MR-3 on the suppression of EMT and invasion indicates that MR-3 markedly reduced the expression and nuclear translocation of β-catenin, accompanied with the downregulation of β-catenin target genes and the increment of membrane-bound β-catenin. These results suggest the involvement of Wnt/β-catenin signaling in the MR-3-induced EMT reversion of MCF-7 cells. Notably, MR-3 restored glycogen synthase kinase-3β activity by inhibiting the phosphorylation of Akt, the event required for β-catenin destruction via a proteasome-mediated system. Overall, these findings indicate that the anti-invasive activity of MR-3 on MCF-7 cells may result from the suppression of EMT via down-regulating phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)/AKT signaling, and consequently, β-catenin nuclear translocation. These occurrences ultimately lead to the blockage of EMT and the invasion of breast cancer cells. - Highlights: • MR-3 blocked MCF-7 cell invasion by inducing a reversal of EMT. • Wnt/β-catenin signaling is involved in MR-3-induced EMT

  6. Pharmacokinetics in Wistar Rats of 5-[(4-Carboxybutanoyl)Amino]-2-Hydroxybenzoic Acid: A Novel Synthetic Derivative of 5-Aminosalicylic Acid (5-ASA) with Possible Anti-Inflammatory Activity

    PubMed Central

    Correa-Basurto, José; Rosales Hernández, Martha Cecilia; Padilla Martínez, Itzia Irene; Mendieta-Wejebe, Jessica Elena

    2016-01-01

    5-[(4-carboxybutanoyl)amino]-2-hydroxybenzoic acid (C2) is a novel synthetic derivative of 5-aminosalicylic acid (5-ASA), which is currently being evaluated ex vivo as an anti-inflammatory agent and has shown satisfactory results. This study aimed to obtain the pharmacokinetic profiles, tissue distribution and plasma protein binding of C2 in Wistar Rats. Additionally, an HPLC method was developed and validated to quantify C2 in rat plasma. The pharmacokinetic profiles of intragastric, intravenous and intraperitoneal administration routes at singles doses of 100, 50, and 100 mg/kg, respectively, were studied in Wistar rats. The elimination half-life of intravenously administered C2 was approximately 33 min. The maximum plasma level of C2 was reached approximately 24 min after intragastric administration, with a Cmax value of 2.5 g/mL and an AUCtot value of 157 μg min-1/mL; the oral bioavailability was approximately 13%. Following a single intragastric or oral dose (100 mg/kg), C2 was distributed and detected in all examined tissues (including the brain and colon). The results showed that C2 accumulates over time. The plasma protein binding results indicated that the unbound fraction of C2 at concentrations of 1 to 20 μg/mL ranged from 89.8% to 92.5%, meaning that this fraction of C2 is available to cross tissues. Finally, the blood-plasma partitioning (BP ratio) of C2 in rat plasma was 0.71 and 0.6 at concentrations of 5 and 10 μg/mL, respectively, which indicates that C2 is free in the plasmatic phase and not inside blood cells. The results of this study suggest that a fraction of the administered C2 dose is absorbed in the stomach, and the fraction that is not absorbed reaches the small intestine and colon. This distribution constitutes the main advantage of C2 compared with 5-ASA for the treatment of ulcerative colitis (UC) and Crohn's disease (CD). PMID:27454774

  7. (Z)-4-{1-[(2-Hy­droxy­ethyl)­amino]­ethyl­idene}-3-methyl-1-phenyl-1H-pyrazol-5(4H)-one

    PubMed Central

    Jayarajan, R.; Sharmila, P.; Jagadeesan, G.; Vasuki, G.; Aravindhan, S.

    2011-01-01

    In the title compound C14H17N3O2, the dihedral angle between the rings is 16.68 (13)°. Although the compound crystallizes in the keto form, the possibility of keto-enamine–enol-imine tautomerism is explained by a strong intra­molecular N—H⋯O hydrogen bond. PMID:21523108

  8. CERAMIC WASTE FORM DATA PACKAGE

    SciTech Connect

    Amoroso, J.; Marra, J.

    2014-06-13

    The purpose of this data package is to provide information about simulated crystalline waste forms that can be used to select an appropriate composition for a Cold Crucible Induction Melter (CCIM) proof of principle demonstration. Melt processing, viscosity, electrical conductivity, and thermal analysis information was collected to assess the ability of two potential candidate ceramic compositions to be processed in the Idaho National Laboratory (INL) CCIM and to guide processing parameters for the CCIM operation. Given uncertainties in the CCIM capabilities to reach certain temperatures throughout the system, one waste form designated 'Fe-MP' was designed towards enabling processing and another, designated 'CAF-5%TM-MP' was designed towards optimized microstructure. Melt processing studies confirmed both compositions could be poured from a crucible at 1600{degrees}C although the CAF-5%TM-MP composition froze before pouring was complete due to rapid crystallization (upon cooling). X-ray diffraction measurements confirmed the crystalline nature and phase assemblages of the compositions. The kinetics of melting and crystallization appeared to vary significantly between the compositions. Impedance spectroscopy results indicated the electrical conductivity is acceptable with respect to processing in the CCIM. The success of processing either ceramic composition will depend on the thermal profiles throughout the CCIM. In particular, the working temperature of the pour spout relative to the bulk melter which can approach 1700{degrees}C. The Fe-MP composition is recommended to demonstrate proof of principle for crystalline simulated waste forms considering the current configuration of INL's CCIM. If proposed modifications to the CCIM can maintain a nominal temperature of 1600{degrees}C throughout the melter, drain, and pour spout, then the CAF-5%TM-MP composition should be considered for a proof of principle demonstration.

  9. FORMING PROTECTIVE FILMS ON METAL

    DOEpatents

    Gurinsky, D.H.; Kammerer, O.F.; Sadofsky, J.; Weeks, J.R.

    1958-12-16

    Methods are described of inhibiting the corrosion of ferrous metal by contact with heavy liquid metals such as bismuth and gallium at temperatures above 500 icient laborato C generally by bringing nltrogen and either the metal zirconium, hafnium, or titanium into reactlve contact with the ferrous metal to form a thin adherent layer of the nitride of the metal and thereafter maintaining a fractional percentage of the metal absorbed in the heavy liquid metal in contact with the ferrous metal container. The general purpose for uslng such high boiling liquid metals in ferrous contalners would be as heat transfer agents in liquid-metal-fueled nuclear reactors.

  10. Crystal structures of the co-crystalline adduct 5-(4-bromo­phen­yl)-1,3,4-thia­diazol-2-amine–4-nitro­benzoic acid (1/1) and the salt 2-amino-5-(4-bromo­phen­yl)-1,3,4-thia­diazol-3-ium 2-carb­oxy-4,6-di­nitro­phenolate

    PubMed Central

    Smith, Graham; Lynch, Daniel E.

    2014-01-01

    The structures of the 1:1 co-crystalline adduct C8H6BrN3S·C7H5NO4, (I), and the salt C8H7BrN3S+·C7H3N2O7 −, (II), obtained from the inter­action of 5-(4-bromo­phen­yl)-1,3,4-thia­diazol-2-amine with 4-nitro­benzoic acid and 3,5-di­nitro­salicylic acid, respectively, have been determined. The primary inter-species association in both (I) and (II) is through duplex R 2 2(8) (N—H⋯O/O—H⋯O) or (N—H⋯O/N—H⋯O) hydrogen bonds, respectively, giving heterodimers. In (II), these are close to planar [the dihedral angles between the thia­diazole ring and the two phenyl rings are 2.1 (3) (intra) and 9.8 (2)° (inter)], while in (I) these angles are 22.11 (15) and 26.08 (18)°, respectively. In the crystal of (I), the heterodimers are extended into a chain along b through an amine N—H⋯Nthia­diazole hydrogen bond but in (II), a centrosymmetric cyclic hetero­tetra­mer structure is generated through N—H⋯O hydrogen bonds to phenol and nitro O-atom acceptors and features, together with the primary R 2 2(8) inter­action, conjoined R 4 6(12), R 2 1(6) and S(6) ring motifs. Also present in (I) are π–π inter­actions between thia­diazole rings [minimum ring-centroid separation = 3.4624 (16) Å], as well as short Br⋯Onitro inter­actions in both (I) and (II) [3.296 (3) and 3.104 (3) Å, respectively]. PMID:25484726

  11. Gravity, light and plant form

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Hangarter, R. P.

    1997-01-01

    Plants have evolved highly sensitive and selective mechanisms that detect and respond to various aspects of their environment. As a plant develops, it integrates the environmental information perceived by all of its sensory systems and adapts its growth to the prevailing environmental conditions. Light is of critical importance because plants depend on it for energy and, thus, survival. The quantity, quality and direction of light are perceived by several different photosensory systems that together regulate nearly all stages of plant development, presumably in order to maintain photosynthetic efficiency. Gravity provides an almost constant stimulus that is the source of critical spatial information about its surroundings and provides important cues for orientating plant growth. Gravity plays a particularly important role during the early stages of seedling growth by stimulating a negative gravitropic response in the primary shoot that orientates it towards the source of light, and a positive gravitropic response in the primary root that causes it to grow down into the soil, providing support and nutrient acquisition. Gravity also influences plant form during later stages of development through its effect on lateral organs and supporting structures. Thus, the final form of a plant depends on the cumulative effects of light, gravity and other environmental sensory inputs on endogenous developmental programs. This article is focused on developmental interactions modulated by light and gravity.

  12. Friction-formed liquid droplets

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lockwood, A. J.; Anantheshwara, K.; Bobji, M. S.; Inkson, B. J.

    2011-03-01

    The formation of nanoscale liquid droplets by friction of a solid is observed in real-time. This is achieved using a newly developed in situ transmission electron microscope (TEM) triboprobe capable of applying multiple reciprocating wear cycles to a nanoscale surface. Dynamical imaging of the nanoscale cyclic rubbing of a focused-ion-beam (FIB) processed Al alloy by diamond shows that the generation of nanoscale wear particles is followed by a phase separation to form liquid Ga nanodroplets and liquid bridges. The transformation of a two-body system to a four-body solid-liquid system within the reciprocating wear track significantly alters the local dynamical friction and wear processes. Moving liquid bridges are observed in situ to play a key role at the sliding nanocontact, interacting strongly with the highly mobile nanoparticle debris. In situ imaging demonstrates that both static and moving liquid droplets exhibit asymmetric menisci due to nanoscale surface roughness. Nanodroplet kinetics are furthermore dependent on local frictional temperature, with solid-like surface nanofilaments forming on cooling. TEM nanotribology opens up new avenues for the real-time quantification of cyclic friction, wear and dynamic solid-liquid nanomechanics, which will have widespread applications in many areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology.

  13. Preventing Ice Before it Forms

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2006-01-01

    In the late 1990s, a team of engineers at Ames Research Center invented an anti-icing fluid to keep ice from building up on airplane wings. Ice on wings can be a serious safety hazard, especially during takeoff, when a sheet of ice the thickness of a compact disc can reduce lift by 25 percent or more. The typical approach to clearing off the ice is to use a deicing solution once the ice has built up. The fluid created by the Ames team, though, when applied to a dry surface, prevents the ice from even forming a surface bond, which saves deicing time and money, while also preventing excessive use of chemical solvents. If, however, the solution is not applied before ice forms, it also serves as a traditional deicing formula. The formula contains propylene glycol, which has a very low freezing point, and a thickener, which helps the fluid adhere to the surface. Ice gathers on top of the formula, and then it can be wiped off with little effort. This thickening agent, a pseudo-plastic, sprays on as a liquid, like lemonade, gels like a lemon sherbet, turns back to a liquid when wiped, and then gels again into its sherbet consistency when left to solidify. The sherbet-gel stage is especially important when the formula is sprayed onto a vertical or steeped surface, as it clings better than a liquid would.

  14. Integrally formed radio frequency quadrupole

    DOEpatents

    Abbott, Steven R.

    1989-01-01

    An improved radio frequency quadrupole (10) is provided having an elongate housing (11) with an elongate central axis (12) and top, bottom and two side walls (13a-d) symmetrically disposed about the axis, and vanes (14a-d) formed integrally with the walls (13a-d), the vanes (14a-d) each having a cross-section at right angles to the central axis (12) which tapers inwardly toward the axis to form electrode tips (15a-d) spaced from each other by predetermined distances. Each of the four walls (13a-d), and the vanes (14a-d) integral therewith, is a separate structural element having a central lengthwise plane (16) passing through the tip of the vane, the walls (13a-d) having flat mounting surfaces (17, 18) at right angles to and parallel to the control plane (16), respectively, which are butted together to position the walls and vane tips relative to each other.

  15. (Z)-1-(2-Hy­droxy­eth­yl)-4-(2-meth­oxy­benzyl­idene)-2-methyl-1H-imidazol-5(4H)-one

    PubMed Central

    Wu, Hongyi; Wang, Weihua; Walker, Edwin H.; Fronczek, Frank R.

    2013-01-01

    In the title compound, C14H16N2O3, an analog of the chromophore in green fluorescent protein, the meth­oxy­phenyl substituent and the imidazole N adopt a Z conformation with respect to the C=C bond. Aside from the hy­droxy­ethyl group, the mol­ecule is approximately planar, with the five- and six-membered ring planes forming a dihedral angle of 9.3 (1)°. An intra­molecular C—H⋯N contact occurs. In the crystal, O—H⋯N hydrogen bonds link the mol­ecules, forming chains along the b-axis direction. C—H⋯O hydrogen bonds are also observed. PMID:23634131

  16. Nucleophilic additions of primary and secondary amines to pentacyclo[5.4.0.0{sup 2,6}.0{sup 3,10}.0{sup 5,9}]undecane-8,11-dione

    SciTech Connect

    Bott, S.G.; Marchand, A.P.; Kumar, K.A.

    1995-10-01

    The crystal structures of three compounds formed via nucleophilic attack of a heterocyclic secondary amine on PCU-8,11-dione, with the concomitant intramolecular attack of one keto oxygen on the carbon of the other ketone, are presented. In all three compounds, the bridging oxygen contains substantial p-character, and the bonds to the {open_quotes}attacking{close_quotes} nitrogen are significantly shorter than would be expected.

  17. 75 FR 26782 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Form I-864, Form I-864A, Form I-864EZ, and Form I-864W...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-05-12

    ... SECURITY U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services Agency Information Collection Activities: Form I-864, Form I- 864A, Form I-864EZ, and Form I-864W; Extension of an Existing Information Collection; Comment Request ACTION: 60-Day Notice of Information Collection Under Review; Form I- 864, Affidavit of...

  18. 49 CFR 225.21 - Forms.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... following forms and copies of the “FRA Guide for Preparing Accident/Incident Reports” may be obtained from... the form and in the current “FRA Guide for Preparing Accident/Incident Reports.” The form shall be... Inquiry Form.—Form FRA F 6180.150 shall be sent to every potentially injured highway user, or...

  19. 49 CFR 225.21 - Forms.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... following forms and copies of the “FRA Guide for Preparing Accident/Incident Reports” may be obtained from... the form and in the current “FRA Guide for Preparing Accident/Incident Reports.” The form shall be... Inquiry Form.—Form FRA F 6180.150 shall be sent to every potentially injured highway user, or...

  20. 48 CFR Appendix - List of IAAR Forms

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 6 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false List of IAAR Forms Federal Acquisition Regulations System BROADCASTING BOARD OF GOVERNORS CLAUSES AND FORMS Reserved List of IAAR Forms 1953.370-21The Broadcasting Board of Governors Form IA-21, Abstract of Quotations. 1953.370-44The Broadcasting Board of Governors Form...

  1. 16 CFR 455.3 - Window form.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 16 Commercial Practices 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Window form. 455.3 Section 455.3 Commercial... Window form. (a) Form given to buyer. Give the buyer of a used vehicle sold by you the window form...) Incorporated into contract. The information on the final version of the window form is incorporated into...

  2. 48 CFR 570.701 - Standard forms.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... PROGRAMS ACQUIRING LEASEHOLD INTERESTS IN REAL PROPERTY Forms 570.701 Standard forms. Use Standard Form 2, U.S. Government Lease for Real Property, to award leases unless you use GSA Form 3626 (see 570.702). Delete the reference to the Standard Form 2-A in paragraph 7....

  3. 48 CFR 570.702 - GSA forms.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... PROGRAMS ACQUIRING LEASEHOLD INTERESTS IN REAL PROPERTY Forms 570.702 GSA forms. (a) You may use GSA Form 3626, U.S. Government Lease for Real Property (Short Form), to award leases if you use the simplified leasing procedures in 570.2 or if you determine it advantageous to use. (b) You may use GSA Form...

  4. 48 CFR 813.307 - Forms.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... following forms provide a purchase or delivery order, vendor's invoice, and receiving report: (1) VA Form 90-2138, Order for Supplies or Services. (2) VA Form 90-2139, Order for Supplies or Services (Continuation). (3) VA Form 90-2138-ADP, Purchase Order for Supplies or Services. (4) VA Form 2139-ADP, Order...

  5. 48 CFR 813.307 - Forms.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... following forms provide a purchase or delivery order, vendor's invoice, and receiving report: (1) VA Form 90-2138, Order for Supplies or Services. (2) VA Form 90-2139, Order for Supplies or Services (Continuation). (3) VA Form 90-2138-ADP, Purchase Order for Supplies or Services. (4) VA Form 2139-ADP, Order...

  6. 48 CFR 813.307 - Forms.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... following forms provide a purchase or delivery order, vendor's invoice, and receiving report: (1) VA Form 90-2138, Order for Supplies or Services. (2) VA Form 90-2139, Order for Supplies or Services (Continuation). (3) VA Form 90-2138-ADP, Purchase Order for Supplies or Services. (4) VA Form 2139-ADP, Order...

  7. 48 CFR 813.307 - Forms.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... following forms provide a purchase or delivery order, vendor's invoice, and receiving report: (1) VA Form 90-2138, Order for Supplies or Services. (2) VA Form 90-2139, Order for Supplies or Services (Continuation). (3) VA Form 90-2138-ADP, Purchase Order for Supplies or Services. (4) VA Form 2139-ADP, Order...

  8. 48 CFR 1353.107 - Obtaining forms.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Obtaining forms. 1353.107 Section 1353.107 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE CLAUSES AND FORMS FORMS General 1353.107 Obtaining forms. The DOC forms may be obtained from any DOC contracting office....

  9. 48 CFR 1353.107 - Obtaining forms.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Obtaining forms. 1353.107 Section 1353.107 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE CLAUSES AND FORMS FORMS General 1353.107 Obtaining forms. The DOC forms may be obtained from any DOC contracting office....

  10. 48 CFR 1353.107 - Obtaining forms.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Obtaining forms. 1353.107 Section 1353.107 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE CLAUSES AND FORMS FORMS General 1353.107 Obtaining forms. The DOC forms may be obtained from any DOC contracting office....

  11. 48 CFR 1353.107 - Obtaining forms.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Obtaining forms. 1353.107 Section 1353.107 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE CLAUSES AND FORMS FORMS General 1353.107 Obtaining forms. The DOC forms may be obtained from any DOC contracting office....

  12. 48 CFR 1353.107 - Obtaining forms.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Obtaining forms. 1353.107 Section 1353.107 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE CLAUSES AND FORMS FORMS General 1353.107 Obtaining forms. The DOC forms may be obtained from any DOC contracting office....

  13. Form factors from lattice QCD

    SciTech Connect

    Dru Renner

    2012-04-01

    Precision computation of hadronic physics with lattice QCD is becoming feasible. The last decade has seen precent-level calculations of many simple properties of mesons, and the last few years have seen calculations of baryon masses, including the nucleon mass, accurate to a few percent. As computational power increases and algorithms advance, the precise calculation of a variety of more demanding hadronic properties will become realistic. With this in mind, I discuss the current lattice QCD calculations of generalized parton distributions with an emphasis on the prospects for well-controlled calculations for these observables as well. I will do this by way of several examples: the pion and nucleon form factors and moments of the nucleon parton and generalized-parton distributions.

  14. Miscellaneous Waste-Form FEPs

    SciTech Connect

    A. Schenker

    2000-12-08

    The US DOE must provide a reasonable assurance that the performance objectives for the Yucca Mountain Project (YMP) potential radioactive-waste repository can be achieved for a 10,000-year post-closure period. The guidance that mandates this direction is under the provisions of 10 CFR Part 63 and the US Department of Energy's ''Revised Interim Guidance Pending Issuance of New US Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) Regulations (Revision 01, July 22, 1999), for Yucca Mountain, Nevada'' (Dyer 1999 and herein referred to as DOE's Interim Guidance). This assurance must be demonstrated in the form of a performance assessment that: (1) identifies the features, events, and processes (FEPs) that might affect the performance of the potential geologic repository; (2) examines the effects of such FEPs on the performance of the potential geologic repository; (3) estimates the expected annual dose to a specified receptor group; and (4) provides the technical basis for inclusion or exclusion of specific FEPs.

  15. Alumina forming iron base superalloy

    SciTech Connect

    Yamamoto, Yukinori; Muralidharan, Govindarajan; Brady, Michael P.

    2014-08-26

    An austenitic stainless steel alloy, consists essentially of, in weight percent 2.5 to 4 Al; 25 to 35 Ni; 12 to 19 Cr; at least 1, up to 4 total of at least one element selected from the group consisting of Nb and Ta; 0.5 to 3 Ti; less than 0.5 V; 0.1 to 1 of at least on element selected from the group consisting of Zr and Hf; 0.03 to 0.2 C; 0.005 to 0.1 B; and base Fe. The weight percent Fe is greater than the weight percent Ni. The alloy forms an external continuous scale including alumina, and contains coherent precipitates of .gamma.'-Ni.sub.3Al, and a stable essentially single phase FCC austenitic matrix microstructure. The austenitic matrix is essentially delta-ferrite-free and essentially BCC-phase-free.

  16. Coalition forms to support NEHRP

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    A group of professional associations, including the Seismological Society of America and the Earthquake Engineering Research Institute, has formed a coalition to support the National Earthquake Hazards Reduction Program (NEHRP). Meeting in met on February 20, the group plans to actively support the research necessary to mitigate earthquake losses and to seek continued federal funding of the program.NEHRP was established by President Carter following the Earthquake Hazards Reduction Act of 1977. Funding was originally authorized for 3 years and has been reauthorized by Congress each year. The program is funded through four federal agencies—the U.S. Geological Survey, National Science Foundation, Federal Emergency Management Agency, and the National Institute of Stan dards and Technology. Its purpose is to address the nation's earthquake threat by reducing earthquake hazards.

  17. Eight salt forms of sulfadiazine.

    PubMed

    Buist, Amanda R; Dennany, Lynn; Kennedy, Alan R; Manzie, Craig; McPhie, Katherine; Walker, Brandon

    2014-09-01

    Proton transfer to the sulfa drug sulfadiazine [systematic name: 4-amino-N-(pyrimidin-2-yl)benzenesulfonamide] gave eight salt forms. These are the monohydrate and methanol hemisolvate forms of the chloride (2-{[(4-azaniumylphenyl)sulfonyl]azanidyl}pyrimidin-1-ium chloride monohydrate, C(10)H(11)N(4)O(2)S(+) · Cl(-) · H2O, (I), and 2-{[(4-azaniumylphenyl)sulfonyl]azanidyl}pyrimidin-1-ium chloride methanol hemisolvate, C(10)H(11)N(4)O(2)S(+) · Cl(-) · (0.5)CH(3)OH, (II)); a bromide monohydrate (2-{[(4-azaniumylphenyl)sulfonyl]azanidyl}pyrimidin-1-ium bromide monohydrate, C(10)H(11)N(4)O(2)S(+) · Br(-) · H2O, (III)), which has a disordered water channel; a species containing the unusual tetraiodide dianion [bis(2-{[(4-azaniumylphenyl)sulfonyl]azanidyl}pyrimidin-1-ium) tetraiodide, 2C(10)H(11)N(4)O(2)S(+) · I4(2-), (IV)], where the [I4](2-) ion is located at a crystallographic inversion centre; a tetrafluoroborate monohydrate (2-{[(4-azaniumylphenyl)sulfonyl]azanidyl}pyrimidin-1-ium tetrafluoroborate monohydrate, C(10)H(11)N(4)O(2)S(+) · BF(4)(-) · H2O, (V)); a nitrate (2-{[(4-azaniumylphenyl)sulfonyl]azanidyl}pyrimidin-1-ium nitrate, C(10)H(11)N(4)O(2)S(+) · NO(3)(-), (VI)); an ethanesulfonate {4-[(pyrimidin-2-yl)sulfamoyl]anilinium ethanesulfonate, C(10)H(11)N(4)O(2)S(+) · C(2)H(5)SO(3)(-), (VII)}; and a dihydrate of the 4-hydroxybenzenesulfonate {4-[(pyrimidin-2-yl)sulfamoyl]anilinium 4-hydroxybenzenesulfonate dihydrate, C(10)H(11)N(4)O(2)S(+) · HOC(6)H(4)SO(3)(-) · 2H2O, (VIII)}. All these structures feature alternate layers of cations and of anions where any solvent is associated with the anion layers. The two sulfonate salts are protonated at the aniline N atom and the amide N atom of sulfadiazine, a tautomeric form of the sulfadiazine cation that has not been crystallographically described before. All the other salt forms are instead protonated at the aniline group and on one N atom of the pyrimidine ring. Whilst all eight species are based upon

  18. Nuclear waste forms for actinides

    PubMed Central

    Ewing, Rodney C.

    1999-01-01

    The disposition of actinides, most recently 239Pu from dismantled nuclear weapons, requires effective containment of waste generated by the nuclear fuel cycle. Because actinides (e.g., 239Pu and 237Np) are long-lived, they have a major impact on risk assessments of geologic repositories. Thus, demonstrable, long-term chemical and mechanical durability are essential properties of waste forms for the immobilization of actinides. Mineralogic and geologic studies provide excellent candidate phases for immobilization and a unique database that cannot be duplicated by a purely materials science approach. The “mineralogic approach” is illustrated by a discussion of zircon as a phase for the immobilization of excess weapons plutonium. PMID:10097054

  19. Frozen Film and FOSDIC Forms

    PubMed Central

    RUGGLES, STEVEN; SCHROEDER, MATTHEW; RIVERS, NATASHA; ALEXANDER, J. TRENT; GARDNER, TODD K.

    2012-01-01

    In this article, the authors describe a collaboration of the Minnesota Population Center (MPC), the U.S. Census Bureau, and the National Archives and Records Administration to restore the lost data from the 1960 Census. The data survived on refrigerated microfilm in a cave in Lenexa, Kansas. The MPC is now converting the data to usable form. Once the restored data are processed, the authors intend to develop three new data sources based on the 1960 census. These data will replace the most inadequate sample in the series of public-use census microdata spanning the years from 1850 to 2000, extend the chronological scope of the public census summary files, and provide a powerful new resource for the Census Bureau and its Research Data Centers. PMID:22544986

  20. Have protoplanetary discs formed planets?

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Greaves, J. S.; Rice, W. K. M.

    2010-09-01

    It has recently been noted that many discs around T Tauri stars appear to comprise only a few Jupiter masses of gas and dust. Using millimetre surveys of discs within six local star formation regions, we confirm this result, and find that only a few per cent of young stars have enough circumstellar material to build gas giant planets, in standard core accretion models. Since the frequency of observed exoplanets is greater than this, there is a `missing-mass' problem. As alternatives to simply adjusting the conversion of dust flux to disc mass, we investigate three other classes of solution. Migration of planets could hypothetically sweep up the disc mass reservoir more efficiently, but trends in multiplanet systems do not support such a model, and theoretical models suggest that the gas accretion time-scale is too short for migration to sweep the disc. Enhanced inner-disc mass reservoirs are possible, agreeing with predictions of disc evolution through self-gravity, but not adding to millimetre dust flux as the inner disc is optically thick. Finally, the incidence of massive discs is shown to be higher at the protostellar stages, Classes 0 and I, where discs substantial enough to form planets via core accretion are abundant enough to match the frequency of exoplanets. Gravitational instability may also operate in the Class 0 epoch, where half the objects have potentially unstable discs of >~30 per cent of the stellar mass. However, recent calculations indicate that forming gas giants inside 50 au by instability is unlikely, even in such massive discs. Overall, the results presented suggest that the canonically `protoplanetary' discs of Class II T Tauri stars have globally low masses in dust observable at millimetre wavelengths, and conversion to larger bodies (anywhere from small rocks up to planetary cores) must already have occurred.

  1. Ynamides in Ring Forming Transformations

    PubMed Central

    WANG, XIAO-NA; YEOM, HYUN-SUK; FANG, LI-CHAO; HE, SHUZHONG; MA, ZHI-XIONG; KEDROWSKI, BRANT L.; HSUNG, RICHARD P.

    2013-01-01

    Conspectus The ynamide functional group activates carbon-carbon triple bonds through an attached nitrogen atom that bears an electron-withdrawing group. As a result, the alkyne has both electrophilic and nucleophilic properties. Through the selection of the electron-withdrawing group attached to nitrogen chemists can modulate the electronic properties and reactivity of ynamides, making these groups versatile synthetic building blocks. The reactions of ynamides also lead directly to nitrogen-containing products, which provides access to important structural motifs found in natural products and molecules of medicinal interest. Therefore, researchers have invested increasing time and research in the chemistry of ynamides in recent years. This Account surveys and assesses new organic transformations involving ynamides developed in our laboratory and in others around the world. We showcase the synthetic power of ynamides for rapid assembly of complex molecular structures. Among the recent reports of ynamide transformations, ring-forming reactions provide a powerful tool for generating molecular complexity quickly. In addition to their synthetic utility, such reactions are mechanistically interesting. Therefore, we focus primarily on the cyclization chemistry of ynamides. This Account highlights ynamide reactions that are useful in the rapid synthesis of cyclic and polycyclic structural manifolds. We discuss the mechanisms active in the ring formations and describe representative examples that demonstrate the scope of these reactions and provide mechanistic insights. In this discussion we feature examples of ynamide reactions involving radical cyclizations, ring-closing metathesis, transition metal and non-transition metal mediated cyclizations, cycloaddition reactions, and rearrangements. The transformations presented rapidly introduce structural complexity and include nitrogen within, or in close proximity to, a newly formed ring (or rings). Thus, ynamides have emerged

  2. 3-[1-(4-Sulfamoylphen­yl)-5-p-tolyl-1H-pyrazol-3-yl]propanoic acid and 3-[5-(4-bromo­phen­yl)-1-(4-sulfamoyl­phen­yl)-1H-pyrazol-3-yl]­propanoic acid–dichloro­methane–diethyl ether–water (2/0.72/1/1)

    PubMed Central

    Kumarasinghe, Isuru R.; Hruby, Victor J.; Nichol, Gary S.

    2009-01-01

    The syntheses of 3-[1-(4-sulfamoylphenyl)-5-p-tolyl-1H-pyra­zol-3-yl]propanoic acid, C19H19N3O4S, (I), and 3-[5-(4-bromo­phen­yl)-1-(4-sulfamoyl­phen­yl)-1H-pyrazol-3-yl]­propanoic acid–dichloro­methane–diethyl ether–water (2/0.72/1/1), 2C18H16BrN3O4S·0.72CH2Cl2·C4H10O·H2O, (II), are regio­specific. However, correct identification by spectroscopic techniques of the regioisomer formed is not trivial and single-crystal X-ray analysis provided the only means of unambiguous structure determination. Both structures make extensive use of hydrogen bonding and while compound (I) forms a straightforward unsolvated Z′ = 1 structure, compound (II) crystallizes as an unusual mixed solvate, with two crystallographically unique mol­ecules of the pyrazole derivative present in the asymmetric unit. The structure of (II) also features Br⋯Br inter­actions. PMID:19498242

  3. 48 CFR 245.7001 - Forms.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 245.7001 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEFENSE ACQUISITION REGULATIONS SYSTEM, DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE CONTRACT MANAGEMENT GOVERNMENT PROPERTY Plant Clearance Forms 245.7001 Forms. Use the forms listed below in performance of plant clearance actions....

  4. 48 CFR 245.7001 - Forms.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 245.7001 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEFENSE ACQUISITION REGULATIONS SYSTEM, DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE CONTRACT MANAGEMENT GOVERNMENT PROPERTY Plant Clearance Forms 245.7001 Forms. Use the forms listed below in performance of plant clearance actions....

  5. 48 CFR 245.7001 - Forms.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 245.7001 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEFENSE ACQUISITION REGULATIONS SYSTEM, DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE CONTRACT MANAGEMENT GOVERNMENT PROPERTY Plant Clearance Forms 245.7001 Forms. Use the forms listed below in performance of plant clearance actions....

  6. 48 CFR 245.7001 - Forms.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 245.7001 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEFENSE ACQUISITION REGULATIONS SYSTEM, DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE CONTRACT MANAGEMENT GOVERNMENT PROPERTY Plant Clearance Forms 245.7001 Forms. Use the forms listed below in performance of plant clearance actions....

  7. 48 CFR 3053.303 - Agency forms.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... section illustrates agency-specified forms. To access these forms go to: http://www.dhs.gov (under “Business, Acquisition Information”) or https://dhsonline.dhs.gov/portal/jhtml/general/forms.jhtml....

  8. 48 CFR 413.307 - Forms.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... TYPES SIMPLIFIED ACQUISITION PROCEDURES Simplified Acquisition Methods 413.307 Forms. Form AD-838, Purchase Order, is prescribed for use by USDA in lieu of Optional Forms (OFs) 347 and 348 except that...

  9. 48 CFR 413.307 - Forms.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... TYPES SIMPLIFIED ACQUISITION PROCEDURES Simplified Acquisition Methods 413.307 Forms. Form AD-838, Purchase Order, is prescribed for use by USDA in lieu of Optional Forms (OFs) 347 and 348 except that...

  10. 48 CFR 413.307 - Forms.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... TYPES SIMPLIFIED ACQUISITION PROCEDURES Simplified Acquisition Methods 413.307 Forms. Form AD-838, Purchase Order, is prescribed for use by USDA in lieu of Optional Forms (OFs) 347 and 348 except that...

  11. 48 CFR 413.307 - Forms.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... TYPES SIMPLIFIED ACQUISITION PROCEDURES Simplified Acquisition Methods 413.307 Forms. Form AD-838, Purchase Order, is prescribed for use by USDA in lieu of Optional Forms (OFs) 347 and 348 except that...

  12. 48 CFR 413.307 - Forms.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... TYPES SIMPLIFIED ACQUISITION PROCEDURES Simplified Acquisition Methods 413.307 Forms. Form AD-838, Purchase Order, is prescribed for use by USDA in lieu of Optional Forms (OFs) 347 and 348 except that...

  13. 27 CFR 45.27 - Forms prescribed.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    .... (a) The appropriate TTB officer is authorized to prescribe all forms required by this part. You must... instructions for the form, and as required by this part. You must file each form in accordance with...

  14. How to Use the Software Evaluation Form.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Reynolds, Karen E.

    1985-01-01

    Provides a form for evaluating software and software design. The form, which emphasizes instructional qualities, considers science processes, hardware requirements, program mechanics, student reaction, and other areas. Guidelines for using the form are included. (DH)

  15. 3-(Adamantan-1-yl)-4-ethyl-1-{[4-(2-meth­oxy­phen­yl)piperazin-1-yl]meth­yl}-1H-1,2,4-triazole-5(4H)-thione

    PubMed Central

    El-Emam, Ali A.; Al-Tuwaijri, Hanaa M.; Al-Abdullah, Ebtehal S.; Chidan Kumar, C. S.; Fun, Hoong-Kun

    2014-01-01

    In the title compound, C26H37N5OS, the piperazine ring adopts a chair conformation. The triazole ring forms dihedral angles of 67.85 (9) and 59.41 (9)° with the piperazine and benzene rings, respectively, resulting in an approximate V-shaped conformation for the mol­ecule. An intra­molecular C—H⋯O hydrogen bond generates an S(6) ring motif. The crystal structure features C—H⋯π inter­actions, producing a two-dimensional supramolecular architecture. PMID:24526973

  16. Crystal structure of 5-(4-meth-oxy-phen-yl)-3-(4-methyl-phen-yl)-4,5-di-hydro-1H-pyrazole-1-carbaldehyde.

    PubMed

    Adam, Farook; Samshuddin, Seranthimata; Shruthi; Narayana, Badiadka; Ameram, Nadiah

    2015-12-01

    In the title compound, C18H18N2O2, the pyrazole ring has a twisted conformation on the CH-CH2 bond. The tolyl ring and the 4-meth-oxy-phenyl ring are inclined to the mean plane of the pyrazole ring by 4.40 (9) and 86.22 (9)°, respectively, while the two aromatic rings are inclined to one another by 88.75 (9)°. In the crystal, mol-ecules are linked via bifurcated C-H⋯(O,O) hydrogen bonds and C-H⋯π inter-actions, forming sheets lying parallel to the ab plane. PMID:26870515

  17. Crystal structure of methyl 2-hy­droxy-5-[(4-oxo-4,5-di­hydro-1,3-thia­zol-2-yl)amino]benzoate

    PubMed Central

    Mohamed, Shaaban K.; Mague, Joel T.; Akkurt, Mehmet; Abdu-Allah, Hajjaj H. M.; Albayati, Mustafa R.

    2015-01-01

    The title compound, C11H10N2O4S, crystallized with two independent mol­ecules (A and B) in the asymmetric unit. They differ primarily in the rotational orientation of the five-membered heterocyclic ring. In mol­ecule A this ring is inclined to the benzene ring by 48.17 (8)°, while in mol­ecule B the same dihedral angle is 23.07 (8)°. In each mol­ecule there is an intra­molecular O—H⋯O hydrogen bond involving the adjacent hydroxyl group and the ester carbonyl O atom. In the crystal, the A mol­ecules are linked via pairs of N—H⋯N hydrogen bonds, forming inversion dimers. These dimers are linked to the B mol­ecules via N—H.·O, C—H⋯O and C—H⋯S hydrogen bonds forming corrugated sheets lying parallel to (102). PMID:25995905

  18. Dyadosphere formed in gravitational collapse

    SciTech Connect

    Ruffini, Remo; Xue Shesheng

    2008-10-10

    We first recall the concept of Dyadosphere (electron-positron-photon plasma around a formed black holes) and its motivation, and recall on (i) the Dirac process: annihilation of electron-positron pairs to photons; (ii) the Breit-Wheeler process: production of electron-positron pairs by photons with the energy larger than electron-positron mass threshold; the Sauter-Euler-Heisenberg effective Lagrangian and rate for the process of electron-positron production in a constant electric field. We present a general formula for the pair-production rate in the semi-classical treatment of quantum mechanical tunneling. We also present in the Quantum Electro-Dynamics framework, the calculations of the Schwinger rate and effective Lagrangian for constant electromagnetic fields. We give a review on the electron-positron plasma oscillation in constant electric fields, and its interaction with photons leading to energy and number equipartition of photons, electrons and positrons. The possibility of creating an overcritical field in astrophysical condition is pointed out. We present the discussions and calculations on (i) energy extraction from gravitational collapse; (ii) the formation of Dyadosphere in gravitational collapsing process, and (iii) its hydrodynamical expansion in Reissner Nordstroem geometry. We calculate the spectrum and flux of photon radiation at the point of transparency, and make predictions for short Gamma-Ray Bursts.

  19. Detection of combustion formed nanoparticles.

    PubMed

    Sgro, L A; Basile, G; Barone, A C; D'Anna, A; Minutolo, P; Borghese, A; D'Alessio, A

    2003-06-01

    UV-visible extinction and scattering and two extra situ sampling techniques: atomic force microscopy (AFM) and differential mobility analysis (DMA) are used to follow the evolution of the particles formed in flames. These particle sizing techniques were chosen because of their sensitivity to detect inception particles, which have diameters, d<5 nm, too small to be observed with typical particle measurement instrumentation. The size of the particles determined by AFM and DMA compares well with the size determined by in situ optical measurements, indicating that the interpretation of the UV-visible optical signal is quite good, and strongly showing the presence of d=2-4 nm particles. UV-visible extinction measurements are also used to determine the concentration of d=2-4 nm particles at the exhausts of practical combustion systems. A numerical model, able to reproduce the experimentally observed low coagulation rate of nanoparticles with respect to soot particles, is used to investigate the operating conditions in the combustion chamber and exhaust system for which 2-4 nm particles survive the exhaust or grow to larger sizes. Combustion generated nanoparticles are suspected to affect human and environmental health because of their affinity for water, small size, low rate of coagulation, and large surface area/weight ratio. The ability to isolate nanoparticles from soot particles in hydrosols collected from combustion may be useful for future analysis by a variety of techniques and toxicological assays. PMID:12718973

  20. Filtrating forms of soil bacteria

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Van'kova, A. A.; Ivanov, P. I.; Emtsev, V. T.

    2013-03-01

    Filtrating (ultramicroscopic) forms (FF) of bacteria were studied in a soddy-podzolic soil and the root zone of alfalfa plants as part of populations of the most widespread physiological groups of soil bacteria. FF were obtained by filtering soil solutions through membrane filters with a pore diameter of 0.22 μm. It was established that the greater part of the bacteria in the soil and in the root zone of the plants has an ultramicroscopic size: the average diameter of the cells is 0.3 μm, and their length is 0.6 μm, which is significantly less than the cell size of banal bacteria. The number of FF varies within a wide range depending on the physicochemical conditions of the habitat. The FF number's dynamics in the soil is of a seasonal nature; i.e., the number of bacteria found increases in the summer and fall and decreases in the winter-spring period. In the rhizosphere of the alfalfa, over the vegetation period, the number of FF and their fraction in the total mass of the bacteria increase. A reverse tendency is observed in the rhizoplane. The morphological particularities (identified by an electron microscopy) and the nature of the FF indicate their physiological activity.

  1. Sperm Trajectories Form Chiral Ribbons

    PubMed Central

    Su, Ting-Wei; Choi, Inkyum; Feng, Jiawen; Huang, Kalvin; McLeod, Euan; Ozcan, Aydogan

    2013-01-01

    We report the discovery of an entirely new three-dimensional (3D) swimming pattern observed in human and horse sperms. This motion is in the form of ‘chiral ribbons’, where the planar swing of the sperm head occurs on an osculating plane creating in some cases a helical ribbon and in some others a twisted ribbon. The latter, i.e., the twisted ribbon trajectory, also defines a minimal surface, exhibiting zero mean curvature for all the points on its surface. These chiral ribbon swimming patterns cannot be represented or understood by already known patterns of sperms or other micro-swimmers. The discovery of these unique patterns is enabled by holographic on-chip imaging of >33,700 sperm trajectories at >90–140 frames/sec, which revealed that only ~1.7% of human sperms exhibit chiral ribbons, whereas it increases to ~27.3% for horse sperms. These results might shed more light onto the statistics and biophysics of various micro-swimmers' 3D motion. PMID:23588811

  2. Shapes Formed By Interacting Cracks

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Daniels, K.

    2014-12-01

    Brittle failure through multiple cracks occurs in a wide variety of contexts, from microscopic failures in rocks to geological faults and planetary ice crusts. In each of these situations, with complicated stress geometries and different microscopic mechanisms, pairwise interactions between approaching cracks nonetheless produce characteristically curved fracture paths. We investigate the origins of this widely observed "en passant" crack pattern by fracturing a rectangular slab which is notched on two sides and then subjected to quasistatic uniaxial, biaxial, or shear strain. The two cracks propagate along approximately straight paths until they pass each other, after which they curve and release a lens-shaped fragment. Under uniaxial strain, we find that each crack path has a universal shape and aspect ratio which is independent of the material. By changing the geometry of the applied strain, we are able to achieve different aspect ratios for the crack paths. With birefringent materials, it is possible to interpret these patterns in light of the stress geometry, and we are able to explain the origins of these universal shapes with a simple geometrical model. Since a variety of aspect ratios have similarly been observed in geological contexts, this raises the possibility of using observed crack shapes as a diagnostic for the stress conditions under which cracks were formed in nature. In particular, the shape may serve as a means to infer the boundary loading in situations where history and dynamics are inaccessible.

  3. 75 FR 61840 - Proposed Collection; Comment Request for Form 5300 and Schedule Q (Form 5300)

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-10-06

    ... Internal Revenue Service Proposed Collection; Comment Request for Form 5300 and Schedule Q (Form 5300..., Application for Determination for Employee Benefit Plan, and Schedule Q (Form 5300), Elective Determination... (Schedule Q (Form 5300)). OMB Number: 1545-0197. Form Number: Form 5300 and Schedule Q (Form 5300)....

  4. 75 FR 5867 - Proposed Collection; Comment Request for Form 8879-C and Form 8879-I

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-02-04

    ... Internal Revenue Service Proposed Collection; Comment Request for Form 8879-C and Form 8879-I AGENCY... Signature Authorization for Form 1120, and Form 8879-I, IRS e-file Signature Authorization for Form 1120-F... Number: 8879-C; 8879-I. Abstract: The Form 8879-C, IRS e-file Signature Authorization for Form 1120,...

  5. Interactions of form and orientation

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Mittelstaedt, Horst

    1989-01-01

    It is well known that the orientation of an optical pattern relative to egocentric or extraneous references affects its figural quality, that is, alters its perceived form and concomitantly delays or quickens its identification (Rock 1973). A square presented in the frontal plane to an upright person (S), for instance, changes from a box to a diamond when it is rotated with respect to the S's median plane by 45 deg. This angle, that is, the angle between the orientations of the pattern in which the two apparent figures (Gestalten) attain a summit of purity and distinctness, will be called the figural disparity of the pattern. If, as in this case, the S is upright, the retinal meridian and the subjective vertical (SV) are both in the viewer's median plane. The question arises with respect to which of these orientation references the two figures are identified. The answer may be found when the pattern and the S are oriented in such a way that the projections of the retinal meridian and the SV into the plane of the pattern diverge by the pattern's figural disparity or its periodic multiples: that is, in this case of a square by 45 or 135 deg, respectively. Similarly, which reference determines whether an equilateral triangle is seen as a pyramid or a traffic warning sign may be revealed at a divergence of SV and retinal meridian of 60 or 180 deg, respectively. It is generally found that for head roll tilts (Rho) and figural disparities of up to 90 deg, the figure whose axis coincides with the SV is seen. At head tilts of Rho=180 deg, however, the retinal reference dominates, as a rule independently of the figural disparity.

  6. Uniform-droplet spray forming

    SciTech Connect

    Blue, C.A.; Sikka, V.K.; Chun, Jung-Hoon; Ando, T.

    1997-04-01

    The uniform-droplet process is a new method of liquid-metal atomization that results in single droplets that can be used to produce mono-size powders or sprayed-on to substrates to produce near-net shapes with tailored microstructure. The mono-sized powder-production capability of the uniform-droplet process also has the potential of permitting engineered powder blends to produce components of controlled porosity. Metal and alloy powders are commercially produced by at least three different methods: gas atomization, water atomization, and rotating disk. All three methods produce powders of a broad range in size with a very small yield of fine powders with single-sized droplets that can be used to produce mono-size powders or sprayed-on substrates to produce near-net shapes with tailored microstructures. The economical analysis has shown the process to have the potential of reducing capital cost by 50% and operating cost by 37.5% when applied to powder making. For the spray-forming process, a 25% savings is expected in both the capital and operating costs. The project is jointly carried out at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Tuffs University, and Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL). Preliminary interactions with both finished parts and powder producers have shown a strong interest in the uniform-droplet process. Systematic studies are being conducted to optimize the process parameters, understand the solidification of droplets and spray deposits, and develop a uniform-droplet-system (UDS) apparatus appropriate for processing engineering alloys.

  7. 2-[3-(4-Chloro­phen­yl)-5-(4-fluoro­phenyl)-4,5-dihydro-1H-pyrazol-1-yl]-4-phenyl-1,3-thia­zole

    PubMed Central

    Abdel-Wahab, Bakr F.; Ng, Seik Weng; Tiekink, Edward R. T.

    2013-01-01

    In the title compound, C24H17ClFN3S, the pyrazole ring is almost planar (r.m.s. deviation = 0.030 Å). With the exception of the methine-bound benzene ring, which forms a dihedral angle of 85.77 (13)° with the pyrazole ring, the remaining non-C atoms lie in an approximate plane (r.m.s. deviation = 0.084 Å) so that overall the mol­ecule has a T-shape. In the crystal, centrosymmetrically related mol­ecules are connected via π–π inter­actions between pyrazole rings [centroid–centroid distance = 3.5370 (15) Å] and these stack along the a axis with no specific inter­actions between them. PMID:23634110

  8. Crystal structure of (Z)-4-[1-(4-acetyl­anilino)ethyl­idene]-3-methyl-1-phenyl-1H-pyrazol-5(4H)-one

    PubMed Central

    Mahfouz, Refaat M.; Demircioğlu, Zeynep; Abbady, Mohamed S.; Büyükgüngör, Orhan

    2015-01-01

    In the solid state, the title compound, C20H19N3O2, adopts the keto–amine tautomeric form, with the H atom attached to the N atom, which participates in an intra­molecular N—H⋯O hydrogen bond with an S(6) ring motif. The dihedral angles between the pyrazole ring and the phenyl and benzene rings are 3.69 (10) and 46.47 (9)°, respectively. In the crystal, mol­ecules are linked by weak C—H⋯O hydrogen bonds, generating C(16) chains propagating in [301]. Weak aromatic π–π stacking inter­actions [centroid–centroid distances = 3.6123 (10) and 3.6665 (10) Å] link the chains into a three-dimensional network. PMID:25705461

  9. High resolution crystal structure of rat long chain hydroxy acid oxidase in complex with the inhibitor 4-carboxy-5-[(4-chlorophenyl)sulfanyl]-1, 2, 3-thiadiazole. Implications for inhibitor specificity and drug design

    SciTech Connect

    Chen, Zhi-wei; Vignaud, Caroline; Jaafar, Adil; Lévy, Bernard; Guéritte, Françoise; Guénard, Daniel; Lederer, Florence; Mathews, F. Scott

    2012-05-24

    Long chain hydroxy acid oxidase (LCHAO) is responsible for the formation of methylguanidine, a toxic compound with elevated serum levels in patients with chronic renal failure. Its isozyme glycolate oxidase (GOX), has a role in the formation of oxalate, which can lead to pathological deposits of calcium oxalate, in particular in the disease primary hyperoxaluria. Inhibitors of these two enzymes may have therapeutic value. These enzymes are the only human members of the family of FMN-dependent L-2-hydroxy acid-oxidizing enzymes, with yeast flavocytochrome b{sub 2} (Fcb2) among its well studied members. We screened a chemical library for inhibitors, using in parallel rat LCHAO, human GOX and the Fcb2 flavodehydrogenase domain (FDH). Among the hits was an inhibitor, CCPST, with an IC{sub 50} in the micromolar range for all three enzymes. We report here the crystal structure of a complex between this compound and LCHAO at 1.3 {angstrom} resolution. In comparison with a lower resolution structure of this enzyme, binding of the inhibitor induces a conformational change in part of the TIM barrel loop 4, as well as protonation of the active site histidine. The CCPST interactions are compared with those it forms with human GOX and those formed by two other inhibitors with human GOX and spinach GOX. These compounds differ from CCPST in having the sulfur replaced with a nitrogen in the five-membered ring as well as different hydrophobic substituents. The possible reason for the {approx}100-fold difference in affinity between these two series of inhibitors is discussed. The present results indicate that specificity is an issue in the quest for therapeutic inhibitors of either LCHAO or GOX, but they may give leads for this quest.

  10. 8 CFR 299.1 - Prescribed forms.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 8 Aliens and Nationality 1 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Prescribed forms. 299.1 Section 299.1 Aliens and Nationality DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY IMMIGRATION REGULATIONS IMMIGRATION FORMS § 299.1 Prescribed forms. A listing of USCIS, ICE, and CBP approved forms referenced in chapter I can be viewed...

  11. 8 CFR 299.1 - Prescribed forms.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 8 Aliens and Nationality 1 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Prescribed forms. 299.1 Section 299.1 Aliens and Nationality DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY IMMIGRATION REGULATIONS IMMIGRATION FORMS § 299.1 Prescribed forms. A listing of USCIS, ICE, and CBP approved forms referenced in chapter I can be viewed...

  12. 8 CFR 299.1 - Prescribed forms.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 8 Aliens and Nationality 1 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Prescribed forms. 299.1 Section 299.1 Aliens and Nationality DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY IMMIGRATION REGULATIONS IMMIGRATION FORMS § 299.1 Prescribed forms. A listing of USCIS, ICE, and CBP approved forms referenced in chapter I can be viewed...

  13. 76 FR 41279 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Form I-864, Form I-864A, Form I-864EZ, and Form I-864W...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-07-13

    ... was previously published in the Federal Register on May 4, 2011, at 76 FR 25364, allowing for a 60-day... SECURITY U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services Agency Information Collection Activities; Form I-864, Form I- 864A, Form I-864EZ, and Form I-864W; Extension of an Existing Information Collection;...

  14. 75 FR 51093 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Form I-864, Form I-864A, Form I-864EZ, and Form I-864W...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-08-18

    ... on May 12, 2010, at 75 FR 26782, allowing for a 60-day public comment period. USCIS received 2... SECURITY U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services Agency Information Collection Activities: Form I-864, Form I- 864A, Form I-864EZ, and Form I-864W; Extension of a Currently Approved Information...

  15. 48 CFR 570.801 - Standard forms.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 4 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Standard forms. 570.801 Section 570.801 Federal Acquisition Regulations System GENERAL SERVICES ADMINISTRATION SPECIAL CONTRACTING PROGRAMS ACQUIRING LEASEHOLD INTERESTS IN REAL PROPERTY Forms 570.801 Standard forms. Use Standard Form...

  16. 46 CFR 535.503 - Information Form.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 9 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Information Form. 535.503 Section 535.503 Shipping... AND MARINE TERMINAL OPERATOR AGREEMENTS SUBJECT TO THE SHIPPING ACT OF 1984 Information Form Requirements § 535.503 Information Form. (a) The Information Form, with instructions, for agreements...

  17. 31 CFR 1.35 - Information forms.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 1 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Information forms. 1.35 Section 1.35... § 1.35 Information forms. (a) Review of forms. Except for forms developed and used by constituent... developed and used by the Department of the Treasury to collect information from and about individuals....

  18. 46 CFR 535.503 - Information Form.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 9 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Information Form. 535.503 Section 535.503 Shipping... AND MARINE TERMINAL OPERATOR AGREEMENTS SUBJECT TO THE SHIPPING ACT OF 1984 Information Form Requirements § 535.503 Information Form. (a) The Information Form, with instructions, for agreements...

  19. 25 CFR 67.6 - Application forms.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR TRIBAL GOVERNMENT PREPARATION OF A ROLL OF INDEPENDENT... furnished. Instructions for completing and filing application forms shall be furnished with each form. The form shall indicate prominently the deadline date for filing application forms. (b) Among...

  20. 27 CFR 72.2 - Forms prescribed.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... part, or necessary for its administration. All of the information called for in each form shall be furnished as indicated by the headings on the form and the instructions on or pertaining to the form. In addition, information called for in each form shall be furnished as required by this part. (b) “Public...