Sample records for 8-quinolinol

  1. [Synthesis and antimicrobial ivestigation of 8-quinolinols glucosaminides].


    Chupakhina, T A; Katsev, A M; Kur'ianov, V O


    In the phase transfer system solid calcium carbonate--acetonitrile per acetylated O-beta-D-glucosaminides of 8-quinolinol, 2-methyl-8-quinolinol and 5-chloro-8-quinolinol were synthesized. Zemplen deacetylation was led to corresponding trioles. Obtained O-beta-D-glucosaminides were identified with 1H-NMR spectroscopy. Antimicrobial activity of deacetylated forms has been studied in a test of inhibition of bioluminescence of marine luminescent bacteria Vibrio fischeri F1 and method of the serial breeding on the museum steams of Escherichia coli, Agrobacterium tumefaciens, Bacillus cereus, Micrococcus luteus. It was established that glycosylation decrease antimicrobial activity in comparison with non-glycosilated 8-quinolinols. PMID:23189563

  2. Electroluminescent characteristics of scandium and yttrium 8-quinolinolates

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Katkova, Marina A.; Ilichev, Vasilii A.; Konev, Alexey N.; Bochkarev, Mikhail N.; Vitukhnovsky, Alexey G.; Parshin, Mikhail A.; Pandey, Lesley; Van der Auweraer, Mark


    Efficient electroluminescence (EL) was obtained in organic light-emitting devices using 8-quinolinolate complexes of scandium (Scq3) and yttrium (Yq3) as emitters. Compared to the device based on the analogous Alq3 complex, no notable difference in the EL performances of the Yq3 device can be found; however, the EL characteristics of device with Scq3 were significantly enhanced. The device with the configuration of indium tin oxide/ N,N'-bis(3-methylphenyl)-N,N'-diphenylbenzidine/Scq3/Yb exhibits a maximum current efficiency of 4.6 cd/A and a maximum power efficiency of 2.6 lm/W at a luminance of 300 cd/m2. The improvement of the performance of this device should be attributed to the higher hole mobility of the Scq3 as compared to Alq3 or a smaller barrier for hole injection into Scq3 compared to Alq3.

  3. Redox properties of 8-quinolinol and implications for its mode of action.


    Chobot, Vladimir; Drage, Sigrid; Hadacek, Franz


    8-Quinolinol (oxine, 8-hydroxyquinoline) is a simple aromatic alkaloid with allelopathic, antibacterial, antifungal, and cytotoxic activities. Generally, it is assumed that 8-quinolinol toxicity depends on transition metal chelation that negatively affects their availability for metalloenzymes in the cell or reactive oxygen species generation (ROS), which are formed following reduction of molecular oxygen by autoxidation of the redox active metal central atom of the 8-quinolinol complex. On the contrary, beneficial effects of 8-quinolinol and its derivatives in the medication of certain degenerative diseases are known. In this context, the activity of 8-quinolinol derivatives is attributed to their antioxidant activity following iron complex formation. To address this controversial issue, we explore the possible anti- or pro-oxidant effects of 8-quinolinol and its iron complexes in the deoxyribose degradation assay, by cyclic voltammetry and in a biological assay. The antibacterial effects of 8-quinolinol and its complex with iron were evaluated on Curtobacterium flaccumfacies and Paenibacillus amylolyticus. 8-Quinolinol showed strong antioxidant activity in the deoxyribose degradation assay. This activity may not depend exclusively on iron chelation, but probably more on the notable reducing properties of 8-quinolinol; it proved to be a more efficient antioxidant than the flavonoids catechin and quercetin. By contrast, 8-quinolinol showed no pro-oxidative effects in the deoxyribose degradation assay, both in free form and in complex with iron, as it may occur with redox cyclers. Cyclic voltammetry confirmed this too. 8-Quinolinol significantly inhibited bacterial growth and respiration. Idiosyncratically, its 50:1 mixture with iron(III) ions was less active compared with free 8-quinolinol; it even caused a U-shaped nonlinear hormetic effect on growth and failed to inhibit respiration as totally as the pure mixture; the respiration was even accelerated compared with the control as a result of lower stress. Our results support the notion that complex formation with either iron or other transition metals affects the reducing power of 8-quinolinol, but, in contrast to general assumptions, this study finds no support that complex formation with iron represents the major mode of action. PMID:21615015

  4. Mixed ligand chelate extraction of lanthanides with 5,7-dibromo-8-quinolinol systems

    SciTech Connect

    Tochiyama, O.; Freiser, H.


    The equilibrium extraction behavior is studied for a series of representative tervalent lanthanide ions, Pr, Eu, and Yb, using chloroform solutions containing either 5,7-dibromo-8-quinolinol (HQ) alone or combined with 1,10-phenanthroline (phen) or tetra-n-heptylammonium chloride (R/sub 4/NCl). The results demonstrate that these lanthanides are extracted as LnQ/sub 3/.HQ or in the presence of phen as LnQ/sub 3/.phen or in the presence of R/sub 4/NCl as R/sub 4/NLnQ/sub 4/. Although 8-quinolinol forms more stable chelates with these metals, the higher acid dissociation constant of the dibromo compound results in increased extraction constants, making extraction possible in lower pH ranges. Furthermore, the effect of phen or R/sub 4/NCl on the extraction and separation of lanthanides by 5,7-dibromo-8-quinolinol is more pronounced than their effect in the 8-quinolinol system.

  5. Preconcentration of trace metals from sea water with 7-dodecenyl-8-quinolinol impregnated macroporous resin

    SciTech Connect

    Isshiki, K.; Tsuji, F.; Kuwamoto, T.; Nakayama, E.


    7-Dodecenyl-8-quinolinol (DDQ) impregnated XAD-4 resin (DDQ resin) was prepared, and its extraction behavior was studied and compared with solvent extraction with DDQ for Aq, Al, Bi, Cd, Cu, Fe, Ga, Mn, Ni, Pb, and Ti. The results demonstrate that the DDQ resin is effective in the preconcentration of those metals from sea water. The column extraction method using the DDQ resin was applied to sea water analysis with satisfactory results being obtained.

  6. Synthesis, spectroscopy and antibacterial activity of supermolecular compounds of organotitanium substituted heteropolytungstates containing 8-quinolinol.


    Feng, Chang-gen; Xiong, Yu-di; Liu, Xia


    Parent compounds of cyclopentadienyltitanium substituted heteropolytungstates with Keggin structure, An[(CpTi)XW11O39] xH2O (A=Me4N, K; X=P, Si, Co; Cp=eta5-C5H5) were synthesized in aqueous phase. By allowing parent heteropoly compounds to react with protonated 8-quinolinol, the title supermolecular compounds (C9H8NO)mAn[(CpTi)XW11O39] xH2O (A=Me4N, H; X=P, Si, Co) were synthesized. The title compounds were characterized by means of elementary analysis, IR, UV, 1H NMR, XRD and TG-DSC. The results indicate that the title compounds are new heteropoly compounds, and there is a charge transfer interaction between the organic cation and heteropoly anion. The results obtained from thermal analysis show that QCpTiPW, QCpTiSiW and QCpTiCoW begin to decompose at 212.4, 194.2 and 171.2 degrees C, respectively. The results obtained from antibacterial test reveal that QCpTiSiW has the best antibacterial activity, and the MIC values of QCpTiSiW against Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aurous are 64.0 and 0.500 microg mL(-1), respectively. PMID:21800553

  7. Simple activation by acid of latent Ru-NHC-based metathesis initiators bearing 8-quinolinolate co-ligands

    PubMed Central

    Wappel, Julia; Fischer, Roland C; Cavallo, Luigi; Slugovc, Christian


    Summary A straightforward synthesis utilizing the ring-opening metathesis polymerization (ROMP) reaction is described for acid-triggered N,O-chelating ruthenium-based pre-catalysts bearing one or two 8-quinolinolate ligands. The innovative pre-catalysts were tested regarding their behavior in ROMP and especially for their use in the synthesis of poly(dicyclopentadiene) (pDCPD). Bearing either the common phosphine leaving ligand in the first and second Grubbs olefin metathesis catalysts, or the Ru–O bond cleavage for the next Hoveyda-type catalysts, this work is a step forward towards the control of polymer functionalization and living or switchable polymerizations. PMID:26877818

  8. Extractive photometric determination of gallium with 8-quinolinol in layered crystals of bismuth telluride-estimation of the determination limit.


    Srmkov, J; Kotrl, S


    A method for determining microgram amounts of gallium in milligram samples of layered monocrystals of the type A(V)(2)B(VI)(3) is described. For the separation of 1-5 mug of gallium(III) from a large excess of bismuth in a single extraction the recommended conditions are pH 3.6-4.2 (acetate buffer, V(aq) 40 ml), an adequate excess of 8-quinolinol for complete extraction and of thiosulphate for masking bismuth. The absorbance of a chloroform extract (V(org) = 10 ml) is measured at 392.5 nm in a 50-mm cell against a blank extract concurrently obtained with a solution of pure Bi(2)Te(3). Reference polycrystalline materials are used to check the precision and accuracy of the method. In routine analysis of layered monocrystals a relative standard deviation of 4-8% is to be expected for about 1 mug of gallium in the extraction system. Estimation of the limit of determination, based on two statistical models, is discussed with respect to the error of the method and the fluctuation of the blank. PMID:18964630

  9. Ionic Self-Assembly and Red-Phosphorescence Properties of a Charged Platinum(II) 8-Quinolinol Complex Associated with Ammonium-Based Amphiphiles.


    Camerel, Franck; Vacher, Antoine; Jeannin, Olivier; Barberá, Joaquín; Fourmigué, Marc


    A series of ionic associates based on the platinum(II) chelate of 5-sulfo-8-quinolinol, [Pt(qS)2 ](2-) , and ammonium-based amphiphiles is described. At variance with the prototypical neutral complex Pt(q)2 (q=8-quinolinol), these dianionic fluorophores, functionalized at the periphery with sulfonate groups, can be associated by the ionic self-assembly approach with various ammonium cations, such as (H2 n+1 Cn )2 Me2 N(+) (n=12, 16, 18) or complex ammonium cations carrying three Cn carbon chains (n=12, 14, 16) and an additional amide group. Investigations of their luminescence properties in solution, in the solid state, and, when possible, in thin films revealed that the phosphorescence properties in condensed phases are directly correlated to intermolecular interactions between the luminescent [Pt(qS)2 ](2-) centers. Of particular interest is also the formation of a columnar liquid-crystalline phase around room temperature (between -25 and +180 °C), as well as the very good film-forming ability of some of these fluorophores from organic solvents. PMID:26552608

  10. Determination of rare earth elements in seawater by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry with on-line column pre-concentration using 8-quinolinole-immobilized fluorinated metal alkoxide glass

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kajiya, Tasuku; Aihara, Masato; Hirata, Shizuko


    The on-line column pre-concentration technique with inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) has been developed using micro-column of 8-quinolinole-immobilized fluorinated metal alkoxide glass (MAF-8HQ). The aim of method was to determine rare earth elements (REEs) (Y, La, Ce, Pr, Nd, Sm, Eu, Gd, Tb, Dy, Ho, Er, Tm, Yb and Lu) in seawater. A 6.4 ml of seawater sample was passed through the column for 2 min, after washing the column with ultrapure water, the adsorbed REEs were subsequently eluted into the plasma with 1.4 M nitric acid. Sample pH, sampling and eluting flow rates and acidity of eluent were optimized. Detection limits (3 ?) based on three times standard deviations of water by 8 replicates were in the range from 0.11 pg ml -1 for Y to 0.30 pg ml -1 for Tb, and the precisions by a 10 pg ml -1 REEs standard solution ( n=8) were in the range from 4.7% for Tm to 8.7% for Tb and Yb. Analysis of one sample could be processed in 7 min. The proposed method was verified by determination of REEs in the two certified reference materials (CRMs) of seawater, CASS-4 and NASS-5, and the method was also applied to determine REEs in the costal seawater of Hiroshima Bay, the Seto Inland Sea, Japan.

  11. Studies of the degradation mechanism of organic light-emitting diodes based on tris(8-quinolinolate)aluminum Alq and 2-tert-butyl-9,10-di(2-naphthyl)anthracene TBADN

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Jarikov, Viktor V.; Kondakov, Denis Y.


    Previously, radical cation of tris(8-quinolinolate)aluminum (Alq•+) has been associated with the instability of Alq films subjected to holes-only electrical current. Yet, the questions remain (i) whether Alq•+ is the primary source of the intrinsic degradation of bipolar organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDs) based on Alq, (ii) whether Alq•+ reactions result in deep charge traps in holes-only devices as found in bipolar counterparts, and (iii) whether radical cations can be a common source of degradation of OLEDs irrespective of materials. With regards to generality of hole-current-related degradation, it is interesting to examine the behavior of 9,10-diarylanthracenes (DAAs)—the practically important class of blue-fluorescing light-emitting-layer hosts. These questions prompted our comparative study of the effects of unipolar currents in Alq and 2-t-butyl-9,10-di(2-naphthyl)anthracene (TBADN), which was chosen as a representative material of the DAA class. First, we identified device structures allowing for rigorous and stable unipolar conduction. Interestingly, even in pristine holes-only devices, our voltammetric measurements indicated that Alq contains a substantial density of deep hole traps (far deeper than what can be explained by energetic disorder), which can be charged by passing holes-only current and seemingly discharged by exposure to white light. As for aged holes-only Alq devices, they exhibited symptoms qualitatively matching those of aged bipolar Alq devices, viz., photoluminescence (PL) loss, transition voltage (V0) rise, and drive voltage (Vd) rise. Notably, PL and V0 are linearly correlated in both holes-only and bipolar devices, which reinforces the supposed link between Alq•+ and the degradation in both types of devices. Yet, there are indications the Alq•+ instability may not be the only degradation pathway in bipolar devices. Even though our observations for holes-only Alq devices agree qualitatively with previously reported ones, we observe far slower degradation rates [Alq PL fades up to ˜500 times slower in holes-only devices, while Alq electroluminescence (EL) fades ˜50 times slower in bipolar control devices]. It is possible that impurities play a significant, perhaps crucial role in the degradation mechanism of both bipolar and holes-only devices, especially the relatively shorter-lived ones. In sharp contrast to Alq, all three observables (PL, V0, and Vd) indicate that holes-only current in TBADN (neat or doped with a perylene-based blue dopant) does not result in degradation in the time that is sufficient for the corresponding bipolar control devices to lose 60%-80% of EL and 20%-30% of PL. We find that the electrons-only current in Alq or TBADN does not result in degradation either. Thus, the degradation of Alq and DAA bipolar devices may be caused by fundamentally dissimilar mechanisms: while hole current may damage the former, it does not appear to affect the latter, suggesting that the initiation step is different.

  12. Angle-controlled arrangement of single-walled carbon nanotubes solubilised by 8-quinolinol metal chelate derivatives on mica.


    Nobusawa, Kazuyuki; Ikeda, Atsushi; Tanaka, Yasunori; Hashizume, Mineo; Kikuchi, Jun-ichi; Shirakawa, Michihiro; Kitahara, Tatsuya; Fujita, Norifumi; Shinkai, Seiji


    We solubilised SWNTs of short length using a mechanochemical high-speed vibration milling (HSVM) through formation of complexes between the SWNTs and chelate complexes; the mixture formed a network structure on mica. PMID:18379698

  13. Antimicrobial Activity of 8-Quinolinols, Salicylic Acids, Hydroxynaphthoic Acids, and Salts of Selected Quinolinols with Selected Hydroxy-Acids

    PubMed Central

    Gershon, Herman; Parmegiani, Raulo


    Seventy-seven compounds were screened by the disc-plate method against strains of five bacteria and five fungi. A new constant was proposed to describe the antimicrobial activity of a compound in a defined system of organisms. This constant includes not only the inhibitory level of activity of the material but also the number of organisms inhibited. This constant, the antimicrobial spectrum index, was compared with the antimicrobial index of Albert. PMID:13898066

  14. Selective Precipitation of Thorium lodate from a Tartaric Acid-Hydrogen Peroxide Medium Application to Rapid Spectrophotometric Determination of Thorium in Silicate Rocks and in Ores

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Grimaldi, F.S.


    This paper presents a selective iodate separation of thorium from nitric acid medium containing d-tartaric acid and hydrogen peroxide. The catalytic decomposition of hydrogen peroxide is prevented by the use of 8quinolinol. A few micrograms of thorium are separated sufficiently clean from 30 mg. of such oxides as cerium, zirconium, titanium, niobium, tantalum, scandium, or iron with one iodate precipitation to allow an accurate determination of thorium with the thoronmesotartaric acid spectrophotometric method. The method is successful for the determination of 0.001% or more of thorium dioxide in silicate rocks and for 0.01% or more in black sand, monazite, thorite, thorianite, eschynite, euxenite, and zircon.

  15. Design of a New Bimetallic Catalyst for Asymmetric Epoxidation and Sulfoxidation.


    Bhadra, Sukalyan; Akakura, Matsujiro; Yamamoto, Hisashi


    A new chiral tethered 8-quinolinol-based ligand class is developed. The binuclear titanium complex of the ligand operates through a novel mechanism allowing for the regio- and stereoselective epoxidation of primary and tertiary homoallylic alcohols (up to 98% ee), as well as first examples of 2-allylic phenols (up to 92% ee). The new catalyst system also promotes the asymmetric oxidation of γ-hydroxypropyl sulfides giving an important class of chiral sulfoxides that have been inaccessible to date (up to 95% ee). PMID:26650178

  16. Covalent heterogenization of discrete bis(8-quinolinolato)dioxomolybdenum(VI) and dioxotungsten(VI) complexes by a metal-template/metal-exchange method: Cyclooctene epoxidation catalysts with enhanced performances

    SciTech Connect

    Yang, Ying; Chattopadhyay, Soma; Shibata, Tomohiro; Ren, Yang; Lee, Sungsik; Kan, Qiubin


    A metal-template/metal-exchange method was used to imprint covalently attached bis(8- quinolinolato)dioxomolybdenum(VI) and dioxotungsten(VI) complexes onto large surface-area, mesoporous SBA-15 silica to obtain discrete MoO2 VIT and WO2 VIT catalysts bearing different metal loadings, respectively. Homogeneous counterparts, MoO2 VIN and WO2 VIN, as well as randomly ligandgrafted heterogeneous analogues, MoO2 VIG and WO2 VIG, were also prepared for comparison. X-ray absorption fine structure (XAFS), pair distribution function (PDF) and UV–vis data demonstrate that MoO2 VIT and WO2 VIT adopt a more solution-like bis(8-quinolinol) coordination environment than MoO2 VIG and WO2 VIG, respectively. Correspondingly, the templated MoVI and WVI catalysts show superior performances to their randomly grafted counterparts and neat analogues in the epoxidation of cyclooctene. It is found that the representative MoO2 VIT-10% catalyst can be recycled up to five times without significant loss of reactivity, and heterogeneity test confirms the high stability of MoO2 VIT-10% catalyst against leaching of active species into solution. The homogeneity of the discrete bis(8-quinolinol) metal spheres templated on SBA-15 should be responsible for the superior performances.

  17. A family of tetranuclear quinolinolate Dy(iii)-based single-molecule magnets: effects of periphery ligand replacement on their magnetic relaxation.


    Zhang, Da; Tian, Yong-Mei; Sun, Wen-Bin; Li, Hong-Feng; Chen, Peng; Zhang, Yi-Quan; Yan, Peng-Fei


    Three complexes with formula {Dy(q)2(L)}2(μ3-OH)2{Dy(q)(L)}2(solvents) (where q = 8-quinolinolate; L = acetylacetone (acac) with (CH2Cl2)2 = solvent (1), 1,3-diphenyl-1,3-propanedione (DBM) and (CH2Cl2)2 = solvent (2), and hexafluoroacetylacetone (hfac) and CHCl3 = solvent (3)) were structurally and magnetically characterized. They have similar Dy4 structural cores bridged by N and O atoms from 8-quinolinolate, and only differ in the peripheral β-diketonate ligands. The variable-frequency and temperature alternating-current (ac) magnetic susceptibility measurements reveal that complexes 1 and 2 display significant zero-field single-molecule-magnet (SMM) behavior, while complex 3 exhibits the field-induced SMM behavior, albeit they possess the nearly same primary coordination sphere. The ac susceptibility measurement on the diluted samples verified that their relaxation was of purely molecular origin, and their distinct slow magnetic behaviors were related to the replacement of the peripheral β-diketonate ligand, which is responsible for their different individual Dy(iii) ions' magnetic anisotropy and intramolecular coupling, as confirmed by ab initio calculation. PMID:26744071

  18. Separation of traces of heavy metals from an iron matrix by use of an emulsion liquid membrane.


    Kageyama, Tomohiro; Matsumiya, Hiroaki; Hiraide, Masataka


    An emulsion liquid membrane method has been developed for separating traces of heavy metals from an iron matrix. A 1.0-mL volume of aqueous iron(III) solution (pH 2.0) was emulsified with a mixture of 0.6 mL toluene, 2.4 mL n -heptane, and 80 mg sorbitan monooleate (Span-80). The resulting water-in-oil type emulsion was gradually injected into 25 mL of 1.5 mol L(-1) hydrochloric acid solution containing 30 mmol L(-1) 8-quinolinol and 1.0 mol L(-1) of ammonium sulfate and was dispersed as numerous tiny globules by stirring for 40 min. More than 90% of the iron(III) diffused through the oil layer to the external hydrochloric acid solution with the aid of complexation with 8-quinolinol, whereas trace heavy metals, e.g. Cr(III), Mn(II), Co(II), Ni(II), Cu(II), and Pb(II), remained quantitatively in the internal aqueous phase. After collecting the dispersed emulsion globules, they were demulsified and trace metals in the segregated aqueous phase were determined by graphite-furnace atomic absorption spectrometry. Owing to sufficient removal of the iron matrix trace metal impurities in high-purity iron were successfully determined without interference, as was confirmed by analysis of certified reference materials. PMID:15197530

  19. Phosphorescent white organic light-emitting diodes by electron transporting layer engineering.


    Lee, Seok Jae; Koo, Ja Ryong; Lee, Dong Hyung; Lee, Ho Won; Lee, Kum Hee; Yoon, Seung Soo; Kim, Young Kwan


    The authors describe the fabrication of white organic light-emitting diodes (WOLEDs) with dual electron transporting layers (D-ETL) using 2,9-dimethyl-4,7-diphenyl-1,10-phenanhroline/ 4,7-diphenyl-1,10-phenanthroline (BPhen) and bis-(2-methyl-8-quinolinolate)-4-(phenylphenolato) aluminum/BPhen. Stepwise D-ETL easily transports electrons easily to the emitting layer and reduces the leakage of electrons. Therefore, WOLEDs with D-ETL show higher external quantum efficiency (EQE) when compared to a control WOLED with a single ETL device. The optimized WOLEDs showed a peak EQE of 13.0%, luminous efficiency of 27.4 cd/A, and Commission Internationale de L'Eclairage coordinates of (0.40, 0.39) at 1000 cd/m2. PMID:25942876

  20. Nonaqueous catalytic fluorometric trace determination of vanadium based on the pyronine B-hydrogen peroxide reaction and flow injection after cloud point extraction.


    Paleologos, E K; Koupparis, M A; Karayannis, M I; Veltsistas, P G


    The catalytic effect of vanadium on the pyronine B-H2O2 system is examined. Enhancement of the catalytic reaction rate along with the efficiency and selectivity against vanadium is achieved in a formic acid environment in the presence of a nonionic surfactant (Triton X-114). Elimination of drastic interference caused by inorganic acids and aqueous matrix along with a 50-fold preconcentration of vanadium are facilitated through cloud point extraction of its neutral complex with 8-quinolinol in an acidic solution. Subsequent flow injection analysis (FIA) with fluorometric detection renders the proposed method ideal for selective and cost-effective determination of as little as 0.020 microng L(-1) vanadium in environmental, biological, and food substrates. The preconcentration step can be applied simultaneously to multiple samples, allowing for massive preparation prior to analysis, compensating, thus, for the time-consuming procedure. PMID:11575789

  1. Concentration method for the spectrochemical determination of seventeen minor elements in natural water

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Silvey, W.D.; Brennan, R.


    A method for the quantitative spectrochemical determination of microgram amounts of 17 minor elements in water is given. The chelating reagents 8-quinolinol, tannic acid, and thionalide are utilized to concentrate traces (1 to 500 ??g.) of aluminum, cobalt, chromium, copper, iron, gallium, germanium, manganese, nickel, titanium, vanadium, bismuth, lead, molybdenum, cadmium, zinc, and beryllium. Indium is added as a buffer, and palladium is used as an internal standard. The ashed oxides of these 17 metals are subsequently subjected to direct current arcing conditions during spectrum analysis. The method can be used to analyze waters with dissolved solids ranging from less than 100 to more than 100,000 p.p.m. There is no limiting concentration range for the determination of the heavy metals since any volume of sample can be used that will contain a heavy metal concentration within the analytical range of the method. Both the chemical and spectrographic procedures are described, and precision and accuracy data are given.

  2. Simultaneous determination of trace heavy metals in waters by atomic absorption spectrometry after preconcentration by solvent extraction

    SciTech Connect

    Saran, R. ); Basu Baul, T.S.; Srinivas, P.; Khathing, D.T. )


    A simple and rapid method for the simultaneous extraction of heavy metals using a new reagent 5-(2{prime}-carbomethoxyphenyl) azo-8-quinolinol (R) into methyl isobutyl ketone (MIBK) and their subsequent determination by flame atomic absorption spectrometry is described. The method has been applied to the determination of Cu, Pb, Ni, Fe, Cr, Co, and Mo in drinking and bore well waters. The extraction has been carried out with an aqueous to organic phase ratio to achieve around 30 fold preconcentration of metals. Extraction parameters and the influence of diverse ions have been studied. The detection limits (36) for Cu, Pb, Ni, Fe, Cr, Co and Mo are 0.07, 0.23, 0.15, 0.09, 0.22, 0.17, 0.38, {mu}g/1, respectively. Higher preconcentration factors can be achieved by using a higher aqueous to organic phase ratio and lower concentration of metals can be determined.

  3. Spectrophotometric catalytic determination of small amounts of rhenium in mineralized rocks and molybdenite

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Simon, F.O.; Grimaldi, F.S.


    Rhenium is determined by spectrophotometry of the tellurium sol formed by the reduction of tellurate by stannous chloride under the catalytic influence of rhenium. A detailed investigation of the conditions for high sensitivity and stability at lowest concentration levels of rhenium is presented as well as the behavior of 26 ions. The method is applied to the determination of some tenths of 1 p.p.m. or more of rhenium in a 1-mg. aliquot of mineralized rocks, mixtures of molybdenite and rocks, and molybdenite concentrates. The practical quantity limit of detection is 2 ?? 10-10 gram of rhenium. Samples are decomposed with a mixture of CaO, CaCl2, and MgO. On leaching, most constituents of the sample are precipitated either as calcium salts or hydroxides, except for rhenium and a small amount of molybdenum which pass into the filtrate. Residual molybdenum is removed by extraction with 8-quinolinol in chloroform. Better than 95% recoveries are obtained with two fusions with flux.

  4. Photocontrolled nitric oxide release from two nitrosylruthenium isomer complexes and their potential biomedical applications

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Liu, Jiao; Duan, Qingqing; Wang, Jianru; Song, Zhen; Qiao, Xiaoyan; Wang, Hongfei


    Nitric oxide (NO) has key regulatory roles in various biological and medical processes. The control of its local concentration, which is crucial for obtaining the desired effect, can be achieved with exogenous NO donors. Release of NO from metal-nitrosyl complexes upon exposure to light is a strategy that could allow for the site-specific delivery of the reactive species NO to physiological targets. The photodissociation of NO from two nitrosylruthenium(II) isomer complexes {cis- and trans-[Ru(OAc)2NO]} was demonstrated by matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry spectra, and electron paramagnetic resonance spectra further prove the photoinduced NO release by spin trapping of NO free radicals upon photoirradiation. Real-time NO release was quantitatively measured by electrochemistry with an NO-specific electrode. The quantitative control of NO release from [Ru(OAc)2NO] in aqueous solutions was done by photoirradiation at different wavelengths. Both isomers show photoinduced damage on plasmid DNA, but the trans isomer has higher cytotoxicity and photocytotoxicity activity against the HeLa tumor cell line than that of the cis isomer. Nitrosylruthenium(II) complex, with 8-quinolinol derivatives as ligands, has a great potential as a photoactivated NO donor reagent for biomedical applications.

  5. Photocontrolled nitric oxide release from two nitrosylruthenium isomer complexes and their potential biomedical applications.


    Liu, Jiao; Duan, Qingqing; Wang, Jianru; Song, Zhen; Qiao, Xiaoyan; Wang, Hongfei


    Nitric oxide (NO) has key regulatory roles in various biological and medical processes. The control of its local concentration, which is crucial for obtaining the desired effect, can be achieved with exogenous NO donors. Release of NO from metal-nitrosyl complexes upon exposure to light is a strategy that could allow for the site-specific delivery of the reactive species NO to physiological targets. The photodissociation of NO from two nitrosylruthenium(II) isomer complexes {cis- and trans-[Ru(OAc)(2mqn)(2)NO]} was demonstrated by matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry spectra, and electron paramagnetic resonance spectra further prove the photoinduced NO release by spin trapping of NO free radicals upon photoirradiation. Real-time NO release was quantitatively measured by electrochemistry with an NO-specific electrode. The quantitative control of NO release from [Ru(OAc)(2mqn)(2)NO] in aqueous solutions was done by photoirradiation at different wavelengths. Both isomers show photoinduced damage on plasmid DNA, but the trans isomer has higher cytotoxicity and photocytotoxicity activity against the HeLa tumor cell line than that of the cis isomer. Nitrosylruthenium(II) complex, with 8-quinolinol derivatives as ligands, has a great potential as a photoactivated NO donor reagent for biomedical applications. PMID:25621873

  6. Stabilized liquid membrane device (SLMD) for the passive, integrative sampling of labile metals in water

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Brumbaugh, W.G.; Petty, J.D.; Huckins, J.N.; Manahan, S.E.


    A stabilized liquid membrane device (SLMD) is described for potential use as an in situ, passive, integrative sampler for cadmium (Cd), cobalt (Co), copper (Cu), nickel (Ni), lead (Pb), and zinc (Zn) in natural waters. The SLMD (patent pending) consists of a 2.5-cm-wide by 15-cm-long strip of low-density polyethylene (LDPE) layflat tubing containing 1 mL of an equal mixture (v/v) of oleic acid (cis-9-octadecenoic acid) and EMO-8Q (7-[4-ethyl-1-methyloctyl]-8-quinolinol). The reagent mixture continuously diffuses to the exterior surface of the LDPE membrane, and provides for sequestration of several divalent metals for up to several weeks. Depending on sampler configuration, concentration factors of several thousand can be realized for these metal ions after just a few days. In addition to in situ deployment, the SLMD may be useful for laboratory determination of labile metal species in grab samples. Methods for minimizing the effects of water flow on the sampling rate are currently under investigation.

  7. Blue emission dye doped polymer-based electroluminescent devices for display

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    An, Haiyan; Xue, Shanhua; Chen, Baijun; Hou, Jingying; Huang, Jingsong; Liu, Shiyong; Yu, Jiaqi


    Low operating voltage organic molecule dye doped polymers blue electroluminescent (EL) devices were constructed by using air stable aluminum as cathode 1,1,4,4,-tetraphenyl- 1,3-butadiene (TPB) doped poly (N-Vinylcarbazole) (PVK) was used as the light emitting layer, and a layer of tris(8- quinolinolate)-Aluminum(Alq3) film worked as an electron-transporting layer. A device with two layer structure of indium-tin-oxide(ITO)/TPB:PVK/Alq3/Al was obtained. Blue emission began at DC bias voltage of 3.5 V, and blue electroluminescence of 500 cd/m2 was observed at about 10 V, the EL peak was at 449 nm. By using Al as cathode, 2-(4-biphenylyl)-5-(4-terbutypheny)-1-3,4- oxadiazole(PBD) as hole-blocking layer, the device with the structure of ITO/TPB:PVK/PBD/Alq3/Al was also fabricated. Blue emission began at 4 V, more than 1000 cd/m2 was observed at 14 V. These are among the lowest known operating voltage for polymeric EL devices using air stable electrodes. The characteristics of these two kinds of structure devices have also been investigated.

  8. Inhibition of Toxoplasma gondii and Plasmodium falciparum infections in vitro by NSC3852, a redox active antiproliferative and tumor cell differentiation agent.


    Strobl, Jeannine S; Seibert, Christopher W; Li, Yunbo; Nagarkatti, Rana; Mitchell, Sheila M; Rosypal, Alexa C; Rathore, Dharmendar; Lindsay, David S


    We searched the National Cancer Institute (NCI) compound library for structures related to the antitumor quinoline NSC3852 (5-nitroso-8-quinolinol) and used a computer algorithm to predict the antiprotozoan activity for each of 13 structures. Half of these compounds inhibited Toxoplasma gondii tachyzoite propagation in human fibroblasts at < or =1 microM. The active compounds comprise a series of low-molecular-weight quinolines bearing nitrogen substituents in the ring-5 position. NSC3852 (EC(50) 80 nM) and NSC74949 (EC(50) 646 nM) were the most potent. NSC3852 also inhibited Plasmodium falciparum growth in human red blood cells (EC(50) 1.3 microM). To investigate the mechanism for NSC3852's anti-T. gondii activity, we used chemiluminescence assays to detect reactive oxygen species (ROS) formation in freshly isolated tachyzoites and in infected host cells; the absence of ROS generation by NSC3852 in these assays indicated NSC3852 does not redox cycle in T. gondii. Inhibitors of enzyme sources of free radicals such as superoxide anion, nitric oxide (NO), and their reaction product peroxynitrite did not interfere with the anti-T. gondii activity of NSC3852. However, inhibition of T. gondii tachyzoite propagation by NSC3852 involved redox reactions because tachyzoites were protected from NSC3852 by inclusion of the cell permeant superoxide dismutase mimetic, MnTMPyP, or N-acetylcysteine in the culture medium. We conclude that the Prediction of Activity Spectra for Substances (PASS) computer program is useful in finding new compounds that inhibit T. gondii tachyzoites in vitro and that NSC3852 is a potent T. gondii inhibitor that acts by indirect generation of oxidative stress in T. gondii. PMID:18837587

  9. Highly efficient blue organic light-emitting diodes using quantum well-like multiple emissive layer structure

    PubMed Central


    In this study, the properties of blue organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDs), employing quantum well-like structure (QWS) that includes four different blue emissive materials of 4,4′-bis(2,2′-diphenylyinyl)-1,1′-biphenyl (DPVBi), 9,10-di(naphth-2-yl)anthracene (ADN), 2-(N,N-diphenyl-amino)-6-[4-(N,N-diphenyl amine)styryl]naphthalene (DPASN), and bis(2-methyl-8-quinolinolate)-4-(phenyl phenolato) aluminum (BAlq), were investigated. Conventional QWS blue OLEDs composed of multiple emissive layers and charge blocking layer with lower highest occupied molecular orbital (HOMO)-lowest unoccupied molecular orbital (LUMO) energy level, and devices with triple emissive layers for more significant hole-electron recombination and a wider region for exciton generation were designed. The properties of triple emissive layered blue OLEDs with the structure of indium tin oxide (ITO) /N,N′-diphenyl-N,N′-bis(1-naphthyl-phenyl)-(1,1′-biphenyl)-4,4′-diamine (NPB) (700 Ǻ)/X (100 Ǻ)/BAlq (100 Ǻ)/X (100 Ǻ)/4,7-diphenyl-1,10-phenanthroline (Bphen) (300 Ǻ)/lithium quinolate (Liq) (20 Ǻ)/aluminum (Al) (1,200 Ǻ) (X = DPVBi, ADN, DPASN) were examined. HOMO-LUMO energy levels of DPVBi, ADN, DPASN, and BAlq are 2.8 to 5.9, 2.6 to 5.6, 2.3 to 5.2, and 2.9 to 5.9 eV, respectively. The OLEDs with DPASN/BAlq/DPASN QWS with maximum luminous efficiency of 5.32 cd/A was achieved at 3.5 V. PMID:24940170

  10. A Novel Method Applied in Determination and Assessment of Trace Amount of Lead and Cadmium in Rice from Four Provinces, China

    PubMed Central

    Li, Shan; Wang, Mei; Yang, Bingyi; Zhong, Yizhou; Feng, Le


    Heavy metal contamination of soils or water can lead to excessive lead (Pb) and cadmium (Cd) levels in rice. As cumulative poisons, consumption of Pb and Cd in contaminated rice may cause many toxic effects in humans. In the present study, Pb and Cd levels in rice samples from Hubei, Jiangxi, Heilongjiang, and Guangdong provinces in China were analyzed by cloud point extraction and graphite furnace atomic absorption spectrometry (GFAAS). The heavy metals in the rice samples were reacted with 8-quinolinol to form a complex at pH 9.0 and 40C. Analytes were quantitatively extracted to a surfactant-rich phase (Triton X-45) after centrifugation and analyzed by GFAAS. The effects of experimental conditions, including pH, concentration of reagents, and equilibration time and temperature, on cloud point extraction were optimized efficiently using PlackettBurman and BoxBehnken experimental designs. Under the optimum conditions, good linearity was observed in the concentration ranges of 0.55 g/L for Pb and 0.050.50 g/L for Cd. The limits of detection were 0.043 g/L for Pb with a concentration factor of 24.2 in a 10 mL sample and 0.018 g/L for Cd with a concentration factor of 18.4 in a 10 mL sample. Twenty rice samples from four provinces were analyzed successfully, and the mean levels of Pb and Cd in the rice were all below their maximum allowable concentrations in China. Comparing the tolerable daily intakes given by FAO/WHO with the mean estimated daily intakes; Pb and Cd mean daily intake through rice consumption were 0.84 g/kg bw/day and 0.40 g/kg bw/day, which were lower than the tolerable daily intakes. PMID:25251454

  11. Bioactive Pyridine-N-oxide Disulfides from Allium stipitatum

    PubMed Central

    O'Donnell, Gemma; Poeschl, Rosemarie; Zimhony, Oren; Gunaratnam, Mekala; Moreira, Joao B. C.; Neidle, Stephen; Evangelopoulos, Dimitrios; Bhakta, Sanjib; Malkinson, John P.; Boshoff, Helena I.; Lenaerts, Anne; Gibbons, Simon


    From Allium stipitatum, three pyridine-N-oxide alkaloids (1-3) possessing disulfide functional groups were isolated. The structures of these natural products were elucidated by spectroscopic means as 2-(methyldithio)pyridine-N-oxide (1), 2-[(methylthiomethyl)dithio]pyridine-N-oxide (2), and 2,2?-dithio-bis-pyridine-N-oxide (3). The proposed structure of 1 was confirmed by synthetic S-methylthiolation of commercial 2-thiopyridine-N-oxide. Compounds 1 and 2 are new natural products, and 3 is reported for the first time from an Allium species. All compounds were evaluated for activity against fast-growing species of Mycobacterium, methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus, and a multidrug-resistant (MDR) variants of S. aureus. Compounds 1 and 2 exhibited minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs) of 0.5-8 ?g/mL against these strains. A small series of analogues of 1 were synthesized in an attempt to optimize antibacterial activity, although the natural product had the most potent in vitro activity. In a whole-cell assay at 30 ?g/mL, 1 was shown to give complete inhibition of the incorporation of 14C-labeled acetate into soluble fatty acids, indicating that it is potentially an inhibitor of fatty acid biosynthesis. In a human cancer cell line antiproliferative assay, 1 and 2 displayed IC50 values ranging from 0.3 to 1.8 ?M with a selectivity index of 2.3 when compared to a human somatic cell line. Compound 1 was evaluated in a microarray analysis that indicated a similar mode of action to menadione and 8-quinolinol by interfering with the thioredoxin system and up-regulating the production of various heat shock proteins. This compound was also assessed in a mouse model for in vivo toxicity. PMID:19093848

  12. Interface properties of a Li3PO4/Al cathode in organic light emitting diodes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gassmann, Andrea; Melzer, Christian; Mankel, Eric; Jaegermann, Wolfram; von Seggern, Heinz


    Recently Li3PO4/Al has been introduced as an alternative cathode for the commonly used LiF/Al system for organic light emitting diodes (OLEDs) due to its competitive electron injection properties. In the present article the interfaces of the organic semiconductor with the Li3PO4/Al bilayer cathode are investigated using photoelectron spectroscopy to elucidate the origin behind the efficient electron injection. Therefore, a thick Li3PO4 layer was vacuum deposited onto an indium tin oxide substrate and characterized in order to learn about the stoichiometry of evaporated Li3PO4. During evaporation Li3PO4 decomposes, forming a layer consisting of P2O5 and LiPO3. In a second step the interface between Li3PO4 and Alq3 [tris(8-hydroxyquinoline) aluminum] was investigated, whereupon Li3PO4 coverage Alq3 molecules decompose, forming aluminum oxide or aluminum phosphate leaving 8-quinolinol molecules behind. A similar reaction occurs at the Li3PO4/Al interface where again an oxidation of the metallic aluminum points toward the formation of aluminum oxide or phosphate. A work function lowering of up to 180 meV observed once Al was covered by Li3PO4 is likely to be caused by the polar nature of all generated or deposited species. A simple estimate of the surface potential drop caused by those dipoles can account for the work function lowering and explain the highly efficient electron injection property of the Li3PO4/Al cathode in an OLED.

  13. S-shaped decanuclear heterometallic [Ni8Ln2] complexes [Ln(III) = Gd, Tb, Dy and Ho]: theoretical modeling of the magnetic properties of the gadolinium analogue.


    Hossain, Sakiat; Das, Sourav; Chakraborty, Amit; Lloret, Francesc; Cano, Joan; Pardo, Emilio; Chandrasekhar, Vadapalli


    The reaction of 8-quinolinol-2-carboaldoxime (LH2) with Ni(II) and Ln(III) salts afforded the heterometallic decanuclear compounds [Ni8Dy2(?3-OH)2(L)8(LH)2(H2O)6](ClO4)216H2O (1), [Ni8Gd2(?3-OH)2(L)8(LH)2(H2O)4(MeOH)2](NO3)212H2O (2), [Ni8Ho2(?3-OH)2(L)8(LH)2(H2O)4(MeOH)2](ClO4)22MeOH12H2O (3) and [Ni8Tb2 (?3-OH)2(L)8(LH)2(MeOH)4(OMe)2]2CH2Cl28H2O (4). While compounds 1-3 are dicationic, compound 4 is neutral. These compounds possess an S-shaped architecture and comprise a long chain of metal ions bound to each other. In all the complexes, the eight Ni(II) and two Ln(III) ions of the multimetallic ensemble are hold together by two ?3-OH, eight dianionic (L(2-)) and two monoanionic oxime ligands (LH(-)) whereas compound 4 has two ?3-OH, eight dianionic (L(2-)), two monoanionic oxime ligands (LH(-)) and two terminal methoxy (MeO(-)) ligands. The central portion of the S-shaped molecular wire is made up of an octanuclear Ni(II) ensemble which has at its two ends the Ln(III) caps. Magnetic studies on 1-4 reveal that the magnetic interactions between neighboring metal ions are negligible at room temperature. On the other hand, at lower temperatures in all the compounds anti-ferromagnetic interactions seem to be dominated. Analysis of the magnetic data for the Gd(III) derivative indicates Ni(II)-Ni(II) anti-ferromagnetic interactions and Gd(III)-Ni(II) ferromagnetic interactions at low temperatures. A theoretical density functional study on the magnetic behavior of the Gd(III) derivative suggests that while the weak ferromagnetic interaction between Gd(III) and Ni(II) is in line with the expectation of the magnetic interactions between orthogonal d and f orbitals, antiferromagnetic Ni(II)-Ni(II) interactions are related to the wide Ni-O-Ni angles (?102) and quasi-planar conformation of the Ni2O2 core. PMID:24876072