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Sample records for 8-quinolinol

  1. Mixed ligand chelate extraction of lanthanides with 5,7-dibromo-8-quinolinol systems

    SciTech Connect

    Tochiyama, O.; Freiser, H.

    1981-05-01

    The equilibrium extraction behavior is studied for a series of representative tervalent lanthanide ions, Pr, Eu, and Yb, using chloroform solutions containing either 5,7-dibromo-8-quinolinol (HQ) alone or combined with 1,10-phenanthroline (phen) or tetra-n-heptylammonium chloride (R/sub 4/NCl). The results demonstrate that these lanthanides are extracted as LnQ/sub 3/.HQ or in the presence of phen as LnQ/sub 3/.phen or in the presence of R/sub 4/NCl as R/sub 4/NLnQ/sub 4/. Although 8-quinolinol forms more stable chelates with these metals, the higher acid dissociation constant of the dibromo compound results in increased extraction constants, making extraction possible in lower pH ranges. Furthermore, the effect of phen or R/sub 4/NCl on the extraction and separation of lanthanides by 5,7-dibromo-8-quinolinol is more pronounced than their effect in the 8-quinolinol system.

  2. Extractive photometric determination of gallium with 8-quinolinol in layered crystals of bismuth telluride-estimation of the determination limit.

    PubMed

    Srámková, J; Kotrlý, S

    1988-11-01

    A method for determining microgram amounts of gallium in milligram samples of layered monocrystals of the type A(V)(2)B(VI)(3) is described. For the separation of 1-5 mug of gallium(III) from a large excess of bismuth in a single extraction the recommended conditions are pH 3.6-4.2 (acetate buffer, V(aq) 40 ml), an adequate excess of 8-quinolinol for complete extraction and of thiosulphate for masking bismuth. The absorbance of a chloroform extract (V(org) = 10 ml) is measured at 392.5 nm in a 50-mm cell against a blank extract concurrently obtained with a solution of pure Bi(2)Te(3). Reference polycrystalline materials are used to check the precision and accuracy of the method. In routine analysis of layered monocrystals a relative standard deviation of 4-8% is to be expected for about 1 mug of gallium in the extraction system. Estimation of the limit of determination, based on two statistical models, is discussed with respect to the error of the method and the fluctuation of the blank. PMID:18964630

  3. Antimicrobial Activity of 8-Quinolinols, Salicylic Acids, Hydroxynaphthoic Acids, and Salts of Selected Quinolinols with Selected Hydroxy-Acids

    PubMed Central

    Gershon, Herman; Parmegiani, Raulo

    1962-01-01

    Seventy-seven compounds were screened by the disc-plate method against strains of five bacteria and five fungi. A new constant was proposed to describe the antimicrobial activity of a compound in a defined system of organisms. This constant includes not only the inhibitory level of activity of the material but also the number of organisms inhibited. This constant, the antimicrobial spectrum index, was compared with the antimicrobial index of Albert. PMID:13898066

  4. 75 FR 32770 - Notice of Withdrawal of Pesticide Petitions

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-06-09

    ...Petitioners 1. PP 5E4472 (Copper 8-quinolinolate). EPA issued...180.920) for residues of Copper 8-quinolinolate (CAS Reg...hydroxypoly(oxyethylene) sulfate and its ammonium, calcium...hydroxypoly(oxyethylene) sulfate and its ammonium,...

  5. Selective Precipitation of Thorium lodate from a Tartaric Acid-Hydrogen Peroxide Medium Application to Rapid Spectrophotometric Determination of Thorium in Silicate Rocks and in Ores

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Grimaldi, F.S.

    1957-01-01

    This paper presents a selective iodate separation of thorium from nitric acid medium containing d-tartaric acid and hydrogen peroxide. The catalytic decomposition of hydrogen peroxide is prevented by the use of 8quinolinol. A few micrograms of thorium are separated sufficiently clean from 30 mg. of such oxides as cerium, zirconium, titanium, niobium, tantalum, scandium, or iron with one iodate precipitation to allow an accurate determination of thorium with the thoronmesotartaric acid spectrophotometric method. The method is successful for the determination of 0.001% or more of thorium dioxide in silicate rocks and for 0.01% or more in black sand, monazite, thorite, thorianite, eschynite, euxenite, and zircon.

  6. Nonaqueous catalytic fluorometric trace determination of vanadium based on the pyronine B-hydrogen peroxide reaction and flow injection after cloud point extraction.

    PubMed

    Paleologos, E K; Koupparis, M A; Karayannis, M I; Veltsistas, P G

    2001-09-15

    The catalytic effect of vanadium on the pyronine B-H2O2 system is examined. Enhancement of the catalytic reaction rate along with the efficiency and selectivity against vanadium is achieved in a formic acid environment in the presence of a nonionic surfactant (Triton X-114). Elimination of drastic interference caused by inorganic acids and aqueous matrix along with a 50-fold preconcentration of vanadium are facilitated through cloud point extraction of its neutral complex with 8-quinolinol in an acidic solution. Subsequent flow injection analysis (FIA) with fluorometric detection renders the proposed method ideal for selective and cost-effective determination of as little as 0.020 microng L(-1) vanadium in environmental, biological, and food substrates. The preconcentration step can be applied simultaneously to multiple samples, allowing for massive preparation prior to analysis, compensating, thus, for the time-consuming procedure. PMID:11575789

  7. Theoretical investigation of a blue hydroxyquinaldine-based aluminum(III) complex [rapid communication

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wong, K. Y.; Lo, C. F.; Sham, W. Y.; Fong, H. H.; So, S. K.; Leung, L. M.

    2004-02-01

    The absorption and light-emitting properties of a blue aluminum complex are investigated theoretically. The complex is bis(8-hydroxyquinolinolato) aluminum hydroxide [Al(Mq) 2OH] and emits at about 485 nm. Very bright organic light-emitting diodes can be fabricated from Al(Mq) 2OH with a maximum luminance of about 14 000 cd/m2. The geometry, bonding, and frontier orbitals are examined in details by self-consistent Hartree-Fock method and by density functional theory. Computational results indicate that the peak emission is mainly determined by the 2-methyl-8-quinolinol group and is independent of the hydroxide group. The computed absorption and emission gaps are in good agreement with experimentally determined values.

  8. Stabilized liquid membrane device (SLMD) for the passive, integrative sampling of labile metals in water

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Brumbaugh, W.G.; Petty, J.D.; Huckins, J.N.; Manahan, S.E.

    2002-01-01

    A stabilized liquid membrane device (SLMD) is described for potential use as an in situ, passive, integrative sampler for cadmium (Cd), cobalt (Co), copper (Cu), nickel (Ni), lead (Pb), and zinc (Zn) in natural waters. The SLMD (patent pending) consists of a 2.5-cm-wide by 15-cm-long strip of low-density polyethylene (LDPE) layflat tubing containing 1 mL of an equal mixture (v/v) of oleic acid (cis-9-octadecenoic acid) and EMO-8Q (7-[4-ethyl-1-methyloctyl]-8-quinolinol). The reagent mixture continuously diffuses to the exterior surface of the LDPE membrane, and provides for sequestration of several divalent metals for up to several weeks. Depending on sampler configuration, concentration factors of several thousand can be realized for these metal ions after just a few days. In addition to in situ deployment, the SLMD may be useful for laboratory determination of labile metal species in grab samples. Methods for minimizing the effects of water flow on the sampling rate are currently under investigation.

  9. Photocontrolled nitric oxide release from two nitrosylruthenium isomer complexes and their potential biomedical applications

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Liu, Jiao; Duan, Qingqing; Wang, Jianru; Song, Zhen; Qiao, Xiaoyan; Wang, Hongfei

    2015-01-01

    Nitric oxide (NO) has key regulatory roles in various biological and medical processes. The control of its local concentration, which is crucial for obtaining the desired effect, can be achieved with exogenous NO donors. Release of NO from metal-nitrosyl complexes upon exposure to light is a strategy that could allow for the site-specific delivery of the reactive species NO to physiological targets. The photodissociation of NO from two nitrosylruthenium(II) isomer complexes {cis- and trans-[Ru(OAc)2NO]} was demonstrated by matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry spectra, and electron paramagnetic resonance spectra further prove the photoinduced NO release by spin trapping of NO free radicals upon photoirradiation. Real-time NO release was quantitatively measured by electrochemistry with an NO-specific electrode. The quantitative control of NO release from [Ru(OAc)2NO] in aqueous solutions was done by photoirradiation at different wavelengths. Both isomers show photoinduced damage on plasmid DNA, but the trans isomer has higher cytotoxicity and photocytotoxicity activity against the HeLa tumor cell line than that of the cis isomer. Nitrosylruthenium(II) complex, with 8-quinolinol derivatives as ligands, has a great potential as a photoactivated NO donor reagent for biomedical applications.

  10. Spectrophotometric catalytic determination of small amounts of rhenium in mineralized rocks and molybdenite

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Simon, F.O.; Grimaldi, F.S.

    1962-01-01

    Rhenium is determined by spectrophotometry of the tellurium sol formed by the reduction of tellurate by stannous chloride under the catalytic influence of rhenium. A detailed investigation of the conditions for high sensitivity and stability at lowest concentration levels of rhenium is presented as well as the behavior of 26 ions. The method is applied to the determination of some tenths of 1 p.p.m. or more of rhenium in a 1-mg. aliquot of mineralized rocks, mixtures of molybdenite and rocks, and molybdenite concentrates. The practical quantity limit of detection is 2 ?? 10-10 gram of rhenium. Samples are decomposed with a mixture of CaO, CaCl2, and MgO. On leaching, most constituents of the sample are precipitated either as calcium salts or hydroxides, except for rhenium and a small amount of molybdenum which pass into the filtrate. Residual molybdenum is removed by extraction with 8-quinolinol in chloroform. Better than 95% recoveries are obtained with two fusions with flux.

  11. Blue emission dye doped polymer-based electroluminescent devices for display

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    An, Haiyan; Xue, Shanhua; Chen, Baijun; Hou, Jingying; Huang, Jingsong; Liu, Shiyong; Yu, Jiaqi

    1996-09-01

    Low operating voltage organic molecule dye doped polymers blue electroluminescent (EL) devices were constructed by using air stable aluminum as cathode 1,1,4,4,-tetraphenyl- 1,3-butadiene (TPB) doped poly (N-Vinylcarbazole) (PVK) was used as the light emitting layer, and a layer of tris(8- quinolinolate)-Aluminum(Alq3) film worked as an electron-transporting layer. A device with two layer structure of indium-tin-oxide(ITO)/TPB:PVK/Alq3/Al was obtained. Blue emission began at DC bias voltage of 3.5 V, and blue electroluminescence of 500 cd/m2 was observed at about 10 V, the EL peak was at 449 nm. By using Al as cathode, 2-(4-biphenylyl)-5-(4-terbutypheny)-1-3,4- oxadiazole(PBD) as hole-blocking layer, the device with the structure of ITO/TPB:PVK/PBD/Alq3/Al was also fabricated. Blue emission began at 4 V, more than 1000 cd/m2 was observed at 14 V. These are among the lowest known operating voltage for polymeric EL devices using air stable electrodes. The characteristics of these two kinds of structure devices have also been investigated.

  12. Highly efficient blue organic light-emitting diodes using quantum well-like multiple emissive layer structure

    PubMed Central

    2014-01-01

    In this study, the properties of blue organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDs), employing quantum well-like structure (QWS) that includes four different blue emissive materials of 4,4?-bis(2,2?-diphenylyinyl)-1,1?-biphenyl (DPVBi), 9,10-di(naphth-2-yl)anthracene (ADN), 2-(N,N-diphenyl-amino)-6-[4-(N,N-diphenyl amine)styryl]naphthalene (DPASN), and bis(2-methyl-8-quinolinolate)-4-(phenyl phenolato) aluminum (BAlq), were investigated. Conventional QWS blue OLEDs composed of multiple emissive layers and charge blocking layer with lower highest occupied molecular orbital (HOMO)-lowest unoccupied molecular orbital (LUMO) energy level, and devices with triple emissive layers for more significant hole-electron recombination and a wider region for exciton generation were designed. The properties of triple emissive layered blue OLEDs with the structure of indium tin oxide (ITO) /N,N?-diphenyl-N,N?-bis(1-naphthyl-phenyl)-(1,1?-biphenyl)-4,4?-diamine (NPB) (700 ?)/X (100 ?)/BAlq (100 ?)/X (100 ?)/4,7-diphenyl-1,10-phenanthroline (Bphen) (300 ?)/lithium quinolate (Liq) (20 ?)/aluminum (Al) (1,200 ?) (X?=?DPVBi, ADN, DPASN) were examined. HOMO-LUMO energy levels of DPVBi, ADN, DPASN, and BAlq are 2.8 to 5.9, 2.6 to 5.6, 2.3 to 5.2, and 2.9 to 5.9 eV, respectively. The OLEDs with DPASN/BAlq/DPASN QWS with maximum luminous efficiency of 5.32 cd/A was achieved at 3.5 V. PMID:24940170

  13. Stereo-Selectivity of Human Serum Albumin to Enantiomeric and Isoelectronic Pollutants Dissected by Spectroscopy, Calorimetry and Bioinformatics

    PubMed Central

    Ahmad, Ejaz; Rabbani, Gulam; Zaidi, Nida; Singh, Saurabh; Rehan, Mohd; Khan, Mohd Moin; Rahman, Shah Kamranur; Quadri, Zainuddin; Shadab, Mohd.; Ashraf, Mohd Tashfeen; Subbarao, Naidu; Bhat, Rajiv; Khan, Rizwan Hasan

    2011-01-01

    1–naphthol (1N), 2–naphthol (2N) and 8quinolinol (8H) are general water pollutants. 1N and 2N are the configurational enantiomers and 8H is isoelectronic to 1N and 2N. These pollutants when ingested are transported in the blood by proteins like human serum albumin (HSA). Binding of these pollutants to HSA has been explored to elucidate the specific selectivity of molecular recognition by this multiligand binding protein. The association constants (Kb) of these pollutants to HSA were moderate (104–105 M?1). The proximity of the ligands to HSA is also revealed by their average binding distance, r, which is estimated to be in the range of 4.39–5.37 nm. The binding free energy (?G) in each case remains effectively the same for each site because of enthalpy–entropy compensation (EEC). The difference observed between ?Cpexp and ?Cpcalc are suggested to be caused by binding–induced flexibility changes in the HSA. Efforts are also made to elaborate the differences observed in binding isotherms obtained through multiple approaches of calorimetry, spectroscopy and bioinformatics. We suggest that difference in dissociation constants of pollutants by calorimetry, spectroscopic and computational approaches could correspond to occurrence of different set of populations of pollutants having different molecular characteristics in ground state and excited state. Furthermore, our observation of enhanced binding of pollutants (2N and 8H) in the presence of hemin signifies that ligands like hemin may enhance the storage period of these pollutants in blood that may even facilitate the ill effects of these pollutants. PMID:22073150

  14. A Novel Method Applied in Determination and Assessment of Trace Amount of Lead and Cadmium in Rice from Four Provinces, China

    PubMed Central

    Li, Shan; Wang, Mei; Yang, Bingyi; Zhong, Yizhou; Feng, Le

    2014-01-01

    Heavy metal contamination of soils or water can lead to excessive lead (Pb) and cadmium (Cd) levels in rice. As cumulative poisons, consumption of Pb and Cd in contaminated rice may cause many toxic effects in humans. In the present study, Pb and Cd levels in rice samples from Hubei, Jiangxi, Heilongjiang, and Guangdong provinces in China were analyzed by cloud point extraction and graphite furnace atomic absorption spectrometry (GFAAS). The heavy metals in the rice samples were reacted with 8-quinolinol to form a complex at pH 9.0 and 40°C. Analytes were quantitatively extracted to a surfactant-rich phase (Triton X-45) after centrifugation and analyzed by GFAAS. The effects of experimental conditions, including pH, concentration of reagents, and equilibration time and temperature, on cloud point extraction were optimized efficiently using Plackett–Burman and Box–Behnken experimental designs. Under the optimum conditions, good linearity was observed in the concentration ranges of 0.5–5 µg/L for Pb and 0.05–0.50 µg/L for Cd. The limits of detection were 0.043 µg/L for Pb with a concentration factor of 24.2 in a 10 mL sample and 0.018 µg/L for Cd with a concentration factor of 18.4 in a 10 mL sample. Twenty rice samples from four provinces were analyzed successfully, and the mean levels of Pb and Cd in the rice were all below their maximum allowable concentrations in China. Comparing the tolerable daily intakes given by FAO/WHO with the mean estimated daily intakes; Pb and Cd mean daily intake through rice consumption were 0.84 µg/kg bw/day and 0.40 µg/kg bw/day, which were lower than the tolerable daily intakes. PMID:25251454

  15. A novel method applied in determination and assessment of trace amount of lead and cadmium in rice from four provinces, China.

    PubMed

    Li, Shan; Wang, Mei; Yang, Bingyi; Zhong, Yizhou; Feng, Le

    2014-01-01

    Heavy metal contamination of soils or water can lead to excessive lead (Pb) and cadmium (Cd) levels in rice. As cumulative poisons, consumption of Pb and Cd in contaminated rice may cause many toxic effects in humans. In the present study, Pb and Cd levels in rice samples from Hubei, Jiangxi, Heilongjiang, and Guangdong provinces in China were analyzed by cloud point extraction and graphite furnace atomic absorption spectrometry (GFAAS). The heavy metals in the rice samples were reacted with 8-quinolinol to form a complex at pH 9.0 and 40°C. Analytes were quantitatively extracted to a surfactant-rich phase (Triton X-45) after centrifugation and analyzed by GFAAS. The effects of experimental conditions, including pH, concentration of reagents, and equilibration time and temperature, on cloud point extraction were optimized efficiently using Plackett-Burman and Box-Behnken experimental designs. Under the optimum conditions, good linearity was observed in the concentration ranges of 0.5-5 µg/L for Pb and 0.05-0.50 µg/L for Cd. The limits of detection were 0.043 µg/L for Pb with a concentration factor of 24.2 in a 10 mL sample and 0.018 µg/L for Cd with a concentration factor of 18.4 in a 10 mL sample. Twenty rice samples from four provinces were analyzed successfully, and the mean levels of Pb and Cd in the rice were all below their maximum allowable concentrations in China. Comparing the tolerable daily intakes given by FAO/WHO with the mean estimated daily intakes; Pb and Cd mean daily intake through rice consumption were 0.84 µg/kg bw/day and 0.40 µg/kg bw/day, which were lower than the tolerable daily intakes. PMID:25251454

  16. Interface properties of a Li3PO4/Al cathode in organic light emitting diodes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gassmann, Andrea; Melzer, Christian; Mankel, Eric; Jaegermann, Wolfram; von Seggern, Heinz

    2009-06-01

    Recently Li3PO4/Al has been introduced as an alternative cathode for the commonly used LiF/Al system for organic light emitting diodes (OLEDs) due to its competitive electron injection properties. In the present article the interfaces of the organic semiconductor with the Li3PO4/Al bilayer cathode are investigated using photoelectron spectroscopy to elucidate the origin behind the efficient electron injection. Therefore, a thick Li3PO4 layer was vacuum deposited onto an indium tin oxide substrate and characterized in order to learn about the stoichiometry of evaporated Li3PO4. During evaporation Li3PO4 decomposes, forming a layer consisting of P2O5 and LiPO3. In a second step the interface between Li3PO4 and Alq3 [tris(8-hydroxyquinoline) aluminum] was investigated, whereupon Li3PO4 coverage Alq3 molecules decompose, forming aluminum oxide or aluminum phosphate leaving 8-quinolinol molecules behind. A similar reaction occurs at the Li3PO4/Al interface where again an oxidation of the metallic aluminum points toward the formation of aluminum oxide or phosphate. A work function lowering of up to 180 meV observed once Al was covered by Li3PO4 is likely to be caused by the polar nature of all generated or deposited species. A simple estimate of the surface potential drop caused by those dipoles can account for the work function lowering and explain the highly efficient electron injection property of the Li3PO4/Al cathode in an OLED.

  17. S-shaped decanuclear heterometallic [Ni8Ln2] complexes [Ln(III) = Gd, Tb, Dy and Ho]: theoretical modeling of the magnetic properties of the gadolinium analogue.

    PubMed

    Hossain, Sakiat; Das, Sourav; Chakraborty, Amit; Lloret, Francesc; Cano, Joan; Pardo, Emilio; Chandrasekhar, Vadapalli

    2014-07-14

    The reaction of 8-quinolinol-2-carboaldoxime (LH2) with Ni(II) and Ln(III) salts afforded the heterometallic decanuclear compounds [Ni8Dy2(?3-OH)2(L)8(LH)2(H2O)6](ClO4)2·16H2O (1), [Ni8Gd2(?3-OH)2(L)8(LH)2(H2O)4(MeOH)2](NO3)2·12H2O (2), [Ni8Ho2(?3-OH)2(L)8(LH)2(H2O)4(MeOH)2](ClO4)2·2MeOH·12H2O (3) and [Ni8Tb2 (?3-OH)2(L)8(LH)2(MeOH)4(OMe)2]·2CH2Cl2·8H2O (4). While compounds 1-3 are dicationic, compound 4 is neutral. These compounds possess an S-shaped architecture and comprise a long chain of metal ions bound to each other. In all the complexes, the eight Ni(II) and two Ln(III) ions of the multimetallic ensemble are hold together by two ?3-OH, eight dianionic (L(2-)) and two monoanionic oxime ligands (LH(-)) whereas compound 4 has two ?3-OH, eight dianionic (L(2-)), two monoanionic oxime ligands (LH(-)) and two terminal methoxy (MeO(-)) ligands. The central portion of the S-shaped molecular wire is made up of an octanuclear Ni(II) ensemble which has at its two ends the Ln(III) caps. Magnetic studies on 1-4 reveal that the magnetic interactions between neighboring metal ions are negligible at room temperature. On the other hand, at lower temperatures in all the compounds anti-ferromagnetic interactions seem to be dominated. Analysis of the magnetic data for the Gd(III) derivative indicates Ni(II)-Ni(II) anti-ferromagnetic interactions and Gd(III)-Ni(II) ferromagnetic interactions at low temperatures. A theoretical density functional study on the magnetic behavior of the Gd(III) derivative suggests that while the weak ferromagnetic interaction between Gd(III) and Ni(II) is in line with the expectation of the magnetic interactions between orthogonal d and f orbitals, antiferromagnetic Ni(II)-Ni(II) interactions are related to the wide Ni-O-Ni angles (?102°) and quasi-planar conformation of the Ni2O2 core. PMID:24876072