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Sample records for 8-quinolinol

  1. Vibrational study of 8-quinolinol and 7-(4-ethyl-1-methyloctyl)-8-quinolinol (Kelex 100), two representative members of an important chelating agent family

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Marchon, Bruno; Bokobza, Liliane; Cote, Gérard

    Rather complete i.r. and Raman data are presented for 8-quinolinol and 8-quinolinol-OD. Moreover, special attention is paid to the vibrational modes of 7-(4-ethyl-1-methyloctyl)-8-quinolinol. The most significant results concern the assignment of the CO stretching and the OH in-plane bending vibrations.

  2. Preconcentration of trace metals from sea water with 7-dodecenyl-8-quinolinol impregnated macroporous resin

    SciTech Connect

    Isshiki, K.; Tsuji, F.; Kuwamoto, T.; Nakayama, E.

    1987-10-15

    7-Dodecenyl-8-quinolinol (DDQ) impregnated XAD-4 resin (DDQ resin) was prepared, and its extraction behavior was studied and compared with solvent extraction with DDQ for Aq, Al, Bi, Cd, Cu, Fe, Ga, Mn, Ni, Pb, and Ti. The results demonstrate that the DDQ resin is effective in the preconcentration of those metals from sea water. The column extraction method using the DDQ resin was applied to sea water analysis with satisfactory results being obtained.

  3. Separation of Metal Complexes with Counter Ions by Tube Radial Distribution Chromatography Using a Ternary Solvent Containing 8-quinolinol.

    PubMed

    Kawai, Yuji; Fujinaga, Satoshi; Hashimoto, Masahiko; Tsukagoshi, Kazuhiko

    2015-01-01

    An open-tubular capillary chromatography system (tube radial distribution chromatography, TRDC) was developed using a ternary solvent (water-acetonitrile-ethyl acetate; volume ratio, 3:8:4) containing 10 mmol L(-1) 8-quinolinol for the separation of nitrate, chloride, and sulfate compounds of Ni(II), Al(III), and Fe(III). When a mixed solution of the Ni(II) compounds was injected into an untreated fused-silica capillary tube (90 cm × 75 μm i.d.) with a ternary solvent flow rate of 0.8 μL min(-1), the compounds were eluted in the following order: [Ni(II)-(8-quinolinol)3] complex, [Ni(II)-(8-quinolinol)]-nitrate ion interaction complex, [Ni(II)-(8-quinolinol)]-chloride ion interaction complex, and [Ni(II)-(8-quinolinol)]-sulfate ion interaction complex. The elution of mixtures of the Al(III) and Fe(III) compounds showed similar trends. PMID:26561263

  4. Structural and spectroscopic characterization of 2,2‧-methylenedi-8-quinolinol dihydrochloride dihydrate

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zinczuk, J.; Piro, O. E.; Castellano, E. E.; Baran, E. J.

    2008-12-01

    The crystal structure of the title compound, a promising ligand for chelatoterapies in the treatment of Alzheimer's disease, has been determined by single crystal X-ray diffractometry. The compound crystallized in the monoclinic space group C2/c with Z = 4. The dimeric 8-quinolinol molecule is sited on a crystallographic twofold axis passing through the CH 2 carbon atom that links the symmetry related molecular halves, giving rise to a two-bladed propeller-like conformation. The 1H and 13C NMR as well as the FT-IR and Raman spectra of the compound were also recorded and are briefly discussed. Some comparisons with spectra of related species are made.

  5. Synthesis, spectroscopy and antibacterial activity of supermolecular compounds of organotitanium substituted heteropolytungstates containing 8-quinolinol.

    PubMed

    Feng, Chang-gen; Xiong, Yu-di; Liu, Xia

    2011-05-01

    Parent compounds of cyclopentadienyltitanium substituted heteropolytungstates with Keggin structure, An[(CpTi)XW11O39] xH2O (A=Me4N, K; X=P, Si, Co; Cp=eta5-C5H5) were synthesized in aqueous phase. By allowing parent heteropoly compounds to react with protonated 8-quinolinol, the title supermolecular compounds (C9H8NO)mAn[(CpTi)XW11O39] xH2O (A=Me4N, H; X=P, Si, Co) were synthesized. The title compounds were characterized by means of elementary analysis, IR, UV, 1H NMR, XRD and TG-DSC. The results indicate that the title compounds are new heteropoly compounds, and there is a charge transfer interaction between the organic cation and heteropoly anion. The results obtained from thermal analysis show that QCpTiPW, QCpTiSiW and QCpTiCoW begin to decompose at 212.4, 194.2 and 171.2 degrees C, respectively. The results obtained from antibacterial test reveal that QCpTiSiW has the best antibacterial activity, and the MIC values of QCpTiSiW against Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aurous are 64.0 and 0.500 microg mL(-1), respectively. PMID:21800553

  6. Simple activation by acid of latent Ru-NHC-based metathesis initiators bearing 8-quinolinolate co-ligands

    PubMed Central

    Wappel, Julia; Fischer, Roland C; Cavallo, Luigi; Slugovc, Christian

    2016-01-01

    Summary A straightforward synthesis utilizing the ring-opening metathesis polymerization (ROMP) reaction is described for acid-triggered N,O-chelating ruthenium-based pre-catalysts bearing one or two 8-quinolinolate ligands. The innovative pre-catalysts were tested regarding their behavior in ROMP and especially for their use in the synthesis of poly(dicyclopentadiene) (pDCPD). Bearing either the common phosphine leaving ligand in the first and second Grubbs olefin metathesis catalysts, or the Ru–O bond cleavage for the next Hoveyda-type catalysts, this work is a step forward towards the control of polymer functionalization and living or switchable polymerizations. PMID:26877818

  7. A rapid and simple 8-quinolinol-based fluorescent stain of phosphoproteins in polyacrylamide gel after electrophoresis.

    PubMed

    Wang, Xu; Hwang, Sun-Young; Cong, Wei-Tao; Jin, Li-Tai; Choi, Jung-Kap

    2015-10-01

    In order to obtain an easy and rapid protocol to visualize phosphoproteins in SDS-PAGE, a fluorescent detection method named 8-Quinolinol (8-Q) stain is described. 8-Q can form ternary complexes in the gel matrix contributed by the affinity of aluminum ion (Al(3+) ) to the phosphate groups on the proteins and the metal chelating property of 8-Quinolinol, exhibiting strong fluorescence in ultraviolet light. It can visualize as little as 4∼8 ng of α-casein and β-casein, 16∼32 ng of ovalbumin and κ-casein which is more sensitive than Stains-All but less sensitive than Pro-Q Diamond. The protocol of 8-Q requires only 70 min in 0.75 mm mini-size or 1.0 mm large-size gels with five changes of solutions without destaining step; Pro-Q takes at least 250 min with 11 changes of solutions. In addition, the new method was confirmed by the study of dephosphorylation and LC-MS/MS, respectively. The approach to visualize phosphoprotein utilizing 8-Q could be an alternative to simplify the analytical operations for phosphoproteomics research. PMID:26177935

  8. Ionic Self-Assembly and Red-Phosphorescence Properties of a Charged Platinum(II) 8-Quinolinol Complex Associated with Ammonium-Based Amphiphiles.

    PubMed

    Camerel, Franck; Vacher, Antoine; Jeannin, Olivier; Barberá, Joaquín; Fourmigué, Marc

    2015-12-21

    A series of ionic associates based on the platinum(II) chelate of 5-sulfo-8-quinolinol, [Pt(qS)2 ](2-) , and ammonium-based amphiphiles is described. At variance with the prototypical neutral complex Pt(q)2 (q=8-quinolinol), these dianionic fluorophores, functionalized at the periphery with sulfonate groups, can be associated by the ionic self-assembly approach with various ammonium cations, such as (H2 n+1 Cn )2 Me2 N(+) (n=12, 16, 18) or complex ammonium cations carrying three Cn carbon chains (n=12, 14, 16) and an additional amide group. Investigations of their luminescence properties in solution, in the solid state, and, when possible, in thin films revealed that the phosphorescence properties in condensed phases are directly correlated to intermolecular interactions between the luminescent [Pt(qS)2 ](2-) centers. Of particular interest is also the formation of a columnar liquid-crystalline phase around room temperature (between -25 and +180 °C), as well as the very good film-forming ability of some of these fluorophores from organic solvents. PMID:26552608

  9. A High-Throughput Cell-Based Screen Identified a 2-[(E)-2-Phenylvinyl]-8-Quinolinol Core Structure That Activates p53

    PubMed Central

    Bechill, John; Zhong, Rong; Zhang, Chen; Solomaha, Elena

    2016-01-01

    p53 function is frequently inhibited in cancer either through mutations or by increased degradation via MDM2 and/or E6AP E3-ubiquitin ligases. Most agents that restore p53 expression act by binding MDM2 or E6AP to prevent p53 degradation. However, fewer compounds directly bind to and activate p53. Here, we identified compounds that shared a core structure that bound p53, caused nuclear localization of p53 and caused cell death. To identify these compounds, we developed a novel cell-based screen to redirect p53 degradation to the Skip-Cullin-F-box (SCF) ubiquitin ligase complex in cells expressing high levels of p53. In a multiplexed assay, we coupled p53 targeted degradation with Rb1 targeted degradation in order to identify compounds that prevented p53 degradation while not inhibiting degradation through the SCF complex or other proteolytic machinery. High-throughput screening identified several leads that shared a common 2-[(E)-2-phenylvinyl]-8-quinolinol core structure that stabilized p53. Surface plasmon resonance analysis indicated that these compounds bound p53 with a KD of 200 ± 52 nM. Furthermore, these compounds increased p53 nuclear localization and transcription of the p53 target genes PUMA, BAX, p21 and FAS in cancer cells. Although p53-null cells had a 2.5±0.5-fold greater viability compared to p53 wild type cells after treatment with core compounds, loss of p53 did not completely rescue cell viability suggesting that compounds may target both p53-dependent and p53-independent pathways to inhibit cell proliferation. Thus, we present a novel, cell-based high-throughput screen to identify a 2-[(E)-2-phenylvinyl]-8-quinolinol core structure that bound to p53 and increased p53 activity in cancer cells. These compounds may serve as anti-neoplastic agents in part by targeting p53 as well as other potential pathways. PMID:27124407

  10. Structural, electronic, vibrational and NMR spectral analyses of [Ru(OAc)(2cqn)2NO] (H2cqn=2-chloro-8-quinolinol) isomers.

    PubMed

    Wang, Jianru; Zhao, Yan; Jin, Xiaowei; Yang, Li; Wang, Hongfei

    2014-03-25

    Geometries of three [Ru(OAc)(2cqn)2NO] (H2cqn=2-chloro-8-quinolinol) isomers were fully optimized with density functional theory (DFT), and compared with their crystal structures. Their electronic spectra, infrared and NMR spectra were also calculated at the B3LYP level with Lanl2dz and 6-311G(d,p) as the basis set. And good agreement had been achieved between experimental and theoretical values of structural parameter, UV-vis absorption and scaled vibration frequency. With the gauge independent atomic orbital (GIAO) method, chemical shifts in (1)H and (13)C NMR of these isomers were also calculated, which could reasonably match with the experimental data. The calculated frontier molecular orbitals suggested that the electronic transition from a ligand-based orbital to an antibonding overlap of the Ru(d) and π(∗) NO(p) control the photo-induced reactivity of [Ru(OAc)(2cqn)2NO] complexes. PMID:24334066

  11. Cancer stem/progenitor cell active compound 8-quinolinol in combination with paclitaxel achieves an improved cure of breast cancer in the mouse model

    PubMed Central

    Zhou, Jiangbing; Zhang, Hao; Gu, Peihua; Margolick, Joseph B.; Yin, Deling

    2012-01-01

    Increasing evidence suggests that breast cancer is caused by cancer stem cells and the cure of breast cancer requires eradication of breast cancer stem cells. In this study, we established and characterized a sphere culture model derived from side population cells from the human breast cancer cell line MCF7. The sphere culture could be maintained long term and was enriched in cells expressing known breast cancer stem cell marker CD44+CD24−. These sphere cells showed higher colony formation ability in vitro and higher tumorigenicity in vivo than MCF7 cells, suggesting the enrichment of breast cancer stem/progenitor cells. To identify compounds that preferentially inhibit the sphere cells, we performed a compound library screening. Two lead compounds, NSC24076 and NSC125034 and an analog of NSC125034, 8-quinolinol (8Q), were identified as having preferential activity against the sphere cells. 8Q showed some antitumor activity alone but had much better therapeutic effect and relapse prevention when combined with paclitaxel than either 8Q or paclitaxel alone in both MCF7 and MDA-MB-435 xenograft models. We propose that compounds selectively targeting cancer stem/progenitor cells when combined with standard chemotherapy drugs may produce an improved treatment of cancer without significant relapse. PMID:18506619

  12. Studies of the degradation mechanism of organic light-emitting diodes based on tris(8-quinolinolate)aluminum Alq and 2-tert-butyl-9,10-di(2-naphthyl)anthracene TBADN

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Jarikov, Viktor V.; Kondakov, Denis Y.

    2009-02-01

    Previously, radical cation of tris(8-quinolinolate)aluminum (Alq•+) has been associated with the instability of Alq films subjected to holes-only electrical current. Yet, the questions remain (i) whether Alq•+ is the primary source of the intrinsic degradation of bipolar organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDs) based on Alq, (ii) whether Alq•+ reactions result in deep charge traps in holes-only devices as found in bipolar counterparts, and (iii) whether radical cations can be a common source of degradation of OLEDs irrespective of materials. With regards to generality of hole-current-related degradation, it is interesting to examine the behavior of 9,10-diarylanthracenes (DAAs)—the practically important class of blue-fluorescing light-emitting-layer hosts. These questions prompted our comparative study of the effects of unipolar currents in Alq and 2-t-butyl-9,10-di(2-naphthyl)anthracene (TBADN), which was chosen as a representative material of the DAA class. First, we identified device structures allowing for rigorous and stable unipolar conduction. Interestingly, even in pristine holes-only devices, our voltammetric measurements indicated that Alq contains a substantial density of deep hole traps (far deeper than what can be explained by energetic disorder), which can be charged by passing holes-only current and seemingly discharged by exposure to white light. As for aged holes-only Alq devices, they exhibited symptoms qualitatively matching those of aged bipolar Alq devices, viz., photoluminescence (PL) loss, transition voltage (V0) rise, and drive voltage (Vd) rise. Notably, PL and V0 are linearly correlated in both holes-only and bipolar devices, which reinforces the supposed link between Alq•+ and the degradation in both types of devices. Yet, there are indications the Alq•+ instability may not be the only degradation pathway in bipolar devices. Even though our observations for holes-only Alq devices agree qualitatively with previously reported ones, we observe far slower degradation rates [Alq PL fades up to ˜500 times slower in holes-only devices, while Alq electroluminescence (EL) fades ˜50 times slower in bipolar control devices]. It is possible that impurities play a significant, perhaps crucial role in the degradation mechanism of both bipolar and holes-only devices, especially the relatively shorter-lived ones. In sharp contrast to Alq, all three observables (PL, V0, and Vd) indicate that holes-only current in TBADN (neat or doped with a perylene-based blue dopant) does not result in degradation in the time that is sufficient for the corresponding bipolar control devices to lose 60%-80% of EL and 20%-30% of PL. We find that the electrons-only current in Alq or TBADN does not result in degradation either. Thus, the degradation of Alq and DAA bipolar devices may be caused by fundamentally dissimilar mechanisms: while hole current may damage the former, it does not appear to affect the latter, suggesting that the initiation step is different.

  13. Angle-controlled arrangement of single-walled carbon nanotubes solubilised by 8-quinolinol metal chelate derivatives on mica.

    PubMed

    Nobusawa, Kazuyuki; Ikeda, Atsushi; Tanaka, Yasunori; Hashizume, Mineo; Kikuchi, Jun-ichi; Shirakawa, Michihiro; Kitahara, Tatsuya; Fujita, Norifumi; Shinkai, Seiji

    2008-04-21

    We solubilised SWNTs of short length using a mechanochemical high-speed vibration milling (HSVM) through formation of complexes between the SWNTs and chelate complexes; the mixture formed a network structure on mica. PMID:18379698

  14. Antimicrobial Activity of 8-Quinolinols, Salicylic Acids, Hydroxynaphthoic Acids, and Salts of Selected Quinolinols with Selected Hydroxy-Acids

    PubMed Central

    Gershon, Herman; Parmegiani, Raulo

    1962-01-01

    Seventy-seven compounds were screened by the disc-plate method against strains of five bacteria and five fungi. A new constant was proposed to describe the antimicrobial activity of a compound in a defined system of organisms. This constant includes not only the inhibitory level of activity of the material but also the number of organisms inhibited. This constant, the antimicrobial spectrum index, was compared with the antimicrobial index of Albert. PMID:13898066

  15. Extraction of uranium by a supported liquid membrane containing mobile carrier.

    PubMed

    Akiba, K; Hashimoto, H

    1985-08-01

    A study has been made of carrier-mediated transport of uranium(VI) by a liquid membrane of 7-dodecenyl-8-quinolinol (Kelex 100). Uranium is transported across the membrane and concentrated in a stripping acid. The apparent rate constant of uranium transport increases slightly with increase in carrier concentration and in the pH of the feed solution. Uranium can be effectively recovered from spiked sea-water through the liquid membrane without any preliminary treatment. PMID:18964012

  16. Selective Precipitation of Thorium lodate from a Tartaric Acid-Hydrogen Peroxide Medium Application to Rapid Spectrophotometric Determination of Thorium in Silicate Rocks and in Ores

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Grimaldi, F.S.

    1957-01-01

    This paper presents a selective iodate separation of thorium from nitric acid medium containing d-tartaric acid and hydrogen peroxide. The catalytic decomposition of hydrogen peroxide is prevented by the use of 8quinolinol. A few micrograms of thorium are separated sufficiently clean from 30 mg. of such oxides as cerium, zirconium, titanium, niobium, tantalum, scandium, or iron with one iodate precipitation to allow an accurate determination of thorium with the thoronmesotartaric acid spectrophotometric method. The method is successful for the determination of 0.001% or more of thorium dioxide in silicate rocks and for 0.01% or more in black sand, monazite, thorite, thorianite, eschynite, euxenite, and zircon.

  17. Design of a New Bimetallic Catalyst for Asymmetric Epoxidation and Sulfoxidation.

    PubMed

    Bhadra, Sukalyan; Akakura, Matsujiro; Yamamoto, Hisashi

    2015-12-23

    A new chiral tethered 8-quinolinol-based ligand class is developed. The binuclear titanium complex of the ligand operates through a novel mechanism allowing for the regio- and stereoselective epoxidation of primary and tertiary homoallylic alcohols (up to 98% ee), as well as first examples of 2-allylic phenols (up to 92% ee). The new catalyst system also promotes the asymmetric oxidation of γ-hydroxypropyl sulfides giving an important class of chiral sulfoxides that have been inaccessible to date (up to 95% ee). PMID:26650178

  18. Effects of subinhibitory concentrations of nitroxoline on the surface properties of Escherichia coli.

    PubMed

    Latrache, H; Bourlioux, P; Karroua, M; Zahir, H; Hakkou, A

    2000-01-01

    Nitroxoline (5-nitro-8-quinolinol; NIQ) at subinhibitory concentrations (sub-MIC) decreased the adherence of uropathogenic Escherichia coli to catheter surface and significantly enhanced cell surface hydrophobicity. The surface hydrophobicity increased in the presence of sub-MIC of NIQ and also in an excess of Mg2+. The effect of NIQ on the cell surface was not related to the bacteriostatic effect of this agent. The increase in nitrogen and decrease in phosphate content in the cell surface was found in the presence of NIQ. NIQ did not inhibit the expression of fimbriae. PMID:11501411

  19. Performance of tris(2-methyl-8-quinolinolato)aluminum as fluorescent anionophore.

    PubMed

    Yuchi, Akio; Hiramatsu, Hiroaki; Ohara, Miyuki; Ohata, Nayumi

    2003-08-01

    An X-ray crystallographic study demonstrated that the tris complex of Al3+ with 2-methyl-8-quinolinol (Hmq), [Al(mq)3], had a discrete octahedral geometry in a meridional configuration with respect to mq-; the Al-N bonds were appreciably elongated. In organic solvents, the complex reacted with water to give a lower species of a mu-oxo dimer, [Al2O(mq)4], and a protonated ligand, depending on the concentrations of water and of excess ligand. None of Cl-, Br-, I-, ClO4-, and CH3COO- showed any reactions with [Al(mq)3]. The anions having high affinities to Al3+, such as H2PO4- and F-, replaced all the ligand. The anion having a lower affinity, HSO4-, exclusively formed a mixed-ligand complex of [Al(mq)2HSO4], which had a more intense fluorescence than the others. In contrast, the corresponding 8-quinolinol (Hq) complex, [Alq3], showed no reactions with any anions. PMID:12945673

  20. Covalent heterogenization of discrete bis(8-quinolinolato)dioxomolybdenum(VI) and dioxotungsten(VI) complexes by a metal-template/metal-exchange method: Cyclooctene epoxidation catalysts with enhanced performances

    SciTech Connect

    Yang, Ying; Chattopadhyay, Soma; Shibata, Tomohiro; Ren, Yang; Lee, Sungsik; Kan, Qiubin

    2014-05-01

    A metal-template/metal-exchange method was used to imprint covalently attached bis(8- quinolinolato)dioxomolybdenum(VI) and dioxotungsten(VI) complexes onto large surface-area, mesoporous SBA-15 silica to obtain discrete MoO2 VIT and WO2 VIT catalysts bearing different metal loadings, respectively. Homogeneous counterparts, MoO2 VIN and WO2 VIN, as well as randomly ligandgrafted heterogeneous analogues, MoO2 VIG and WO2 VIG, were also prepared for comparison. X-ray absorption fine structure (XAFS), pair distribution function (PDF) and UV–vis data demonstrate that MoO2 VIT and WO2 VIT adopt a more solution-like bis(8-quinolinol) coordination environment than MoO2 VIG and WO2 VIG, respectively. Correspondingly, the templated MoVI and WVI catalysts show superior performances to their randomly grafted counterparts and neat analogues in the epoxidation of cyclooctene. It is found that the representative MoO2 VIT-10% catalyst can be recycled up to five times without significant loss of reactivity, and heterogeneity test confirms the high stability of MoO2 VIT-10% catalyst against leaching of active species into solution. The homogeneity of the discrete bis(8-quinolinol) metal spheres templated on SBA-15 should be responsible for the superior performances.

  1. A family of tetranuclear quinolinolate Dy(iii)-based single-molecule magnets: effects of periphery ligand replacement on their magnetic relaxation.

    PubMed

    Zhang, Da; Tian, Yong-Mei; Sun, Wen-Bin; Li, Hong-Feng; Chen, Peng; Zhang, Yi-Quan; Yan, Peng-Fei

    2016-02-14

    Three complexes with formula {Dy(q)2(L)}2(μ3-OH)2{Dy(q)(L)}2(solvents) (where q = 8-quinolinolate; L = acetylacetone (acac) with (CH2Cl2)2 = solvent (1), 1,3-diphenyl-1,3-propanedione (DBM) and (CH2Cl2)2 = solvent (2), and hexafluoroacetylacetone (hfac) and CHCl3 = solvent (3)) were structurally and magnetically characterized. They have similar Dy4 structural cores bridged by N and O atoms from 8-quinolinolate, and only differ in the peripheral β-diketonate ligands. The variable-frequency and temperature alternating-current (ac) magnetic susceptibility measurements reveal that complexes 1 and 2 display significant zero-field single-molecule-magnet (SMM) behavior, while complex 3 exhibits the field-induced SMM behavior, albeit they possess the nearly same primary coordination sphere. The ac susceptibility measurement on the diluted samples verified that their relaxation was of purely molecular origin, and their distinct slow magnetic behaviors were related to the replacement of the peripheral β-diketonate ligand, which is responsible for their different individual Dy(iii) ions' magnetic anisotropy and intramolecular coupling, as confirmed by ab initio calculation. PMID:26744071

  2. Nonaqueous catalytic fluorometric trace determination of vanadium based on the pyronine B-hydrogen peroxide reaction and flow injection after cloud point extraction.

    PubMed

    Paleologos, E K; Koupparis, M A; Karayannis, M I; Veltsistas, P G

    2001-09-15

    The catalytic effect of vanadium on the pyronine B-H2O2 system is examined. Enhancement of the catalytic reaction rate along with the efficiency and selectivity against vanadium is achieved in a formic acid environment in the presence of a nonionic surfactant (Triton X-114). Elimination of drastic interference caused by inorganic acids and aqueous matrix along with a 50-fold preconcentration of vanadium are facilitated through cloud point extraction of its neutral complex with 8-quinolinol in an acidic solution. Subsequent flow injection analysis (FIA) with fluorometric detection renders the proposed method ideal for selective and cost-effective determination of as little as 0.020 microng L(-1) vanadium in environmental, biological, and food substrates. The preconcentration step can be applied simultaneously to multiple samples, allowing for massive preparation prior to analysis, compensating, thus, for the time-consuming procedure. PMID:11575789

  3. Simultaneous determination of trace heavy metals in waters by atomic absorption spectrometry after preconcentration by solvent extraction

    SciTech Connect

    Saran, R. ); Basu Baul, T.S.; Srinivas, P.; Khathing, D.T. )

    1992-08-01

    A simple and rapid method for the simultaneous extraction of heavy metals using a new reagent 5-(2{prime}-carbomethoxyphenyl) azo-8-quinolinol (R) into methyl isobutyl ketone (MIBK) and their subsequent determination by flame atomic absorption spectrometry is described. The method has been applied to the determination of Cu, Pb, Ni, Fe, Cr, Co, and Mo in drinking and bore well waters. The extraction has been carried out with an aqueous to organic phase ratio to achieve around 30 fold preconcentration of metals. Extraction parameters and the influence of diverse ions have been studied. The detection limits (36) for Cu, Pb, Ni, Fe, Cr, Co and Mo are 0.07, 0.23, 0.15, 0.09, 0.22, 0.17, 0.38, {mu}g/1, respectively. Higher preconcentration factors can be achieved by using a higher aqueous to organic phase ratio and lower concentration of metals can be determined.

  4. Concentration method for the spectrochemical determination of seventeen minor elements in natural water

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Silvey, W.D.; Brennan, R.

    1962-01-01

    A method for the quantitative spectrochemical determination of microgram amounts of 17 minor elements in water is given. The chelating reagents 8-quinolinol, tannic acid, and thionalide are utilized to concentrate traces (1 to 500 ??g.) of aluminum, cobalt, chromium, copper, iron, gallium, germanium, manganese, nickel, titanium, vanadium, bismuth, lead, molybdenum, cadmium, zinc, and beryllium. Indium is added as a buffer, and palladium is used as an internal standard. The ashed oxides of these 17 metals are subsequently subjected to direct current arcing conditions during spectrum analysis. The method can be used to analyze waters with dissolved solids ranging from less than 100 to more than 100,000 p.p.m. There is no limiting concentration range for the determination of the heavy metals since any volume of sample can be used that will contain a heavy metal concentration within the analytical range of the method. Both the chemical and spectrographic procedures are described, and precision and accuracy data are given.

  5. Photocontrolled nitric oxide release from two nitrosylruthenium isomer complexes and their potential biomedical applications.

    PubMed

    Liu, Jiao; Duan, Qingqing; Wang, Jianru; Song, Zhen; Qiao, Xiaoyan; Wang, Hongfei

    2015-01-01

    Nitric oxide (NO) has key regulatory roles in various biological and medical processes. The control of its local concentration, which is crucial for obtaining the desired effect, can be achieved with exogenous NO donors. Release of NO from metal-nitrosyl complexes upon exposure to light is a strategy that could allow for the site-specific delivery of the reactive species NO to physiological targets. The photodissociation of NO from two nitrosylruthenium(II) isomer complexes {cis- and trans-[Ru(OAc)(2mqn)(2)NO]} was demonstrated by matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry spectra, and electron paramagnetic resonance spectra further prove the photoinduced NO release by spin trapping of NO free radicals upon photoirradiation. Real-time NO release was quantitatively measured by electrochemistry with an NO-specific electrode. The quantitative control of NO release from [Ru(OAc)(2mqn)(2)NO] in aqueous solutions was done by photoirradiation at different wavelengths. Both isomers show photoinduced damage on plasmid DNA, but the trans isomer has higher cytotoxicity and photocytotoxicity activity against the HeLa tumor cell line than that of the cis isomer. Nitrosylruthenium(II) complex, with 8-quinolinol derivatives as ligands, has a great potential as a photoactivated NO donor reagent for biomedical applications. PMID:25621873

  6. Stabilized liquid membrane device (SLMD) for the passive, integrative sampling of labile metals in water

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Brumbaugh, W.G.; Petty, J.D.; Huckins, J.N.; Manahan, S.E.

    2002-01-01

    A stabilized liquid membrane device (SLMD) is described for potential use as an in situ, passive, integrative sampler for cadmium (Cd), cobalt (Co), copper (Cu), nickel (Ni), lead (Pb), and zinc (Zn) in natural waters. The SLMD (patent pending) consists of a 2.5-cm-wide by 15-cm-long strip of low-density polyethylene (LDPE) layflat tubing containing 1 mL of an equal mixture (v/v) of oleic acid (cis-9-octadecenoic acid) and EMO-8Q (7-[4-ethyl-1-methyloctyl]-8-quinolinol). The reagent mixture continuously diffuses to the exterior surface of the LDPE membrane, and provides for sequestration of several divalent metals for up to several weeks. Depending on sampler configuration, concentration factors of several thousand can be realized for these metal ions after just a few days. In addition to in situ deployment, the SLMD may be useful for laboratory determination of labile metal species in grab samples. Methods for minimizing the effects of water flow on the sampling rate are currently under investigation.

  7. Photocontrolled nitric oxide release from two nitrosylruthenium isomer complexes and their potential biomedical applications

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Liu, Jiao; Duan, Qingqing; Wang, Jianru; Song, Zhen; Qiao, Xiaoyan; Wang, Hongfei

    2015-01-01

    Nitric oxide (NO) has key regulatory roles in various biological and medical processes. The control of its local concentration, which is crucial for obtaining the desired effect, can be achieved with exogenous NO donors. Release of NO from metal-nitrosyl complexes upon exposure to light is a strategy that could allow for the site-specific delivery of the reactive species NO to physiological targets. The photodissociation of NO from two nitrosylruthenium(II) isomer complexes {cis- and trans-[Ru(OAc)2NO]} was demonstrated by matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry spectra, and electron paramagnetic resonance spectra further prove the photoinduced NO release by spin trapping of NO free radicals upon photoirradiation. Real-time NO release was quantitatively measured by electrochemistry with an NO-specific electrode. The quantitative control of NO release from [Ru(OAc)2NO] in aqueous solutions was done by photoirradiation at different wavelengths. Both isomers show photoinduced damage on plasmid DNA, but the trans isomer has higher cytotoxicity and photocytotoxicity activity against the HeLa tumor cell line than that of the cis isomer. Nitrosylruthenium(II) complex, with 8-quinolinol derivatives as ligands, has a great potential as a photoactivated NO donor reagent for biomedical applications.

  8. Spectrophotometric catalytic determination of small amounts of rhenium in mineralized rocks and molybdenite

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Simon, F.O.; Grimaldi, F.S.

    1962-01-01

    Rhenium is determined by spectrophotometry of the tellurium sol formed by the reduction of tellurate by stannous chloride under the catalytic influence of rhenium. A detailed investigation of the conditions for high sensitivity and stability at lowest concentration levels of rhenium is presented as well as the behavior of 26 ions. The method is applied to the determination of some tenths of 1 p.p.m. or more of rhenium in a 1-mg. aliquot of mineralized rocks, mixtures of molybdenite and rocks, and molybdenite concentrates. The practical quantity limit of detection is 2 ?? 10-10 gram of rhenium. Samples are decomposed with a mixture of CaO, CaCl2, and MgO. On leaching, most constituents of the sample are precipitated either as calcium salts or hydroxides, except for rhenium and a small amount of molybdenum which pass into the filtrate. Residual molybdenum is removed by extraction with 8-quinolinol in chloroform. Better than 95% recoveries are obtained with two fusions with flux.

  9. Prevention of Chinosol absorption by rubber stoppers used to seal glass vials containing tuberculin PPD Mantoux solutions

    PubMed Central

    Landi, S.; Held, H. R.

    1965-01-01

    Chinosol (8-quinolinol sulfate), which is employed as an antimicrobial agent in tuberculin PPD solutions used for the Mantoux test, is known to disappear from these solutions after storage. It has been established that the loss of this preservative from tuberculin solutions dispensed in glass vials is caused by the rubber stoppers used to seal the vials. All the rubber stoppers tested absorbed Chinosol very readily. The nature of the binding of Chinosol by a rubber stopper is both chemical (irreversible) and physical (reversible). The capacity to bind Chinosol chemically was determined for 12 types of rubber stopper, and was found to vary from 0 to more than 25% by weight of the stopper. This phenomenon can be attributed mainly to metal ingredients in the stopper. The capacity of stoppers to bind Chinosol physically is expressed quantitatively by a partition coefficient. This was determined for 7 types of rubber stopper and found to be high when compared with the partition coefficients of other preservatives. We have shown that all stoppers presaturated in Chinosol can be equilibrated against a buffered solution containing 0.01% Chinosol. Equilibrated silicone, white, and red oxiglazed stoppers can be used satisfactorily for sealing multi-dose vials of tuberculin PPD containing 0.01% Chinosol. ImagesFIG. 2 PMID:5294923

  10. Highly efficient blue organic light-emitting diodes using quantum well-like multiple emissive layer structure

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yoon, Ju-An; Kim, You-Hyun; Kim, Nam Ho; Yoo, Seung Il; Lee, Sang Youn; Zhu, Fu Rong; Kim, Woo Young

    2014-04-01

    In this study, the properties of blue organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDs), employing quantum well-like structure (QWS) that includes four different blue emissive materials of 4,4'-bis(2,2'-diphenylyinyl)-1,1'-biphenyl (DPVBi), 9,10-di(naphth-2-yl)anthracene (ADN), 2-( N, N-diphenyl-amino)-6-[4-( N, N-diphenyl amine)styryl]naphthalene (DPASN), and bis(2-methyl-8-quinolinolate)-4-(phenyl phenolato) aluminum (BAlq), were investigated. Conventional QWS blue OLEDs composed of multiple emissive layers and charge blocking layer with lower highest occupied molecular orbital (HOMO)-lowest unoccupied molecular orbital (LUMO) energy level, and devices with triple emissive layers for more significant hole-electron recombination and a wider region for exciton generation were designed. The properties of triple emissive layered blue OLEDs with the structure of indium tin oxide (ITO) / N, N'-diphenyl- N, N'-bis(1-naphthyl-phenyl)-(1,1'-biphenyl)-4,4'-diamine (NPB) (700 Ǻ)/X (100 Ǻ)/BAlq (100 Ǻ)/X (100 Ǻ)/4,7-diphenyl-1,10-phenanthroline (Bphen) (300 Ǻ)/lithium quinolate (Liq) (20 Ǻ)/aluminum (Al) (1,200 Ǻ) (X = DPVBi, ADN, DPASN) were examined. HOMO-LUMO energy levels of DPVBi, ADN, DPASN, and BAlq are 2.8 to 5.9, 2.6 to 5.6, 2.3 to 5.2, and 2.9 to 5.9 eV, respectively. The OLEDs with DPASN/BAlq/DPASN QWS with maximum luminous efficiency of 5.32 cd/A was achieved at 3.5 V.

  11. A Novel Method Applied in Determination and Assessment of Trace Amount of Lead and Cadmium in Rice from Four Provinces, China

    PubMed Central

    Li, Shan; Wang, Mei; Yang, Bingyi; Zhong, Yizhou; Feng, Le

    2014-01-01

    Heavy metal contamination of soils or water can lead to excessive lead (Pb) and cadmium (Cd) levels in rice. As cumulative poisons, consumption of Pb and Cd in contaminated rice may cause many toxic effects in humans. In the present study, Pb and Cd levels in rice samples from Hubei, Jiangxi, Heilongjiang, and Guangdong provinces in China were analyzed by cloud point extraction and graphite furnace atomic absorption spectrometry (GFAAS). The heavy metals in the rice samples were reacted with 8-quinolinol to form a complex at pH 9.0 and 40°C. Analytes were quantitatively extracted to a surfactant-rich phase (Triton X-45) after centrifugation and analyzed by GFAAS. The effects of experimental conditions, including pH, concentration of reagents, and equilibration time and temperature, on cloud point extraction were optimized efficiently using Plackett–Burman and Box–Behnken experimental designs. Under the optimum conditions, good linearity was observed in the concentration ranges of 0.5–5 µg/L for Pb and 0.05–0.50 µg/L for Cd. The limits of detection were 0.043 µg/L for Pb with a concentration factor of 24.2 in a 10 mL sample and 0.018 µg/L for Cd with a concentration factor of 18.4 in a 10 mL sample. Twenty rice samples from four provinces were analyzed successfully, and the mean levels of Pb and Cd in the rice were all below their maximum allowable concentrations in China. Comparing the tolerable daily intakes given by FAO/WHO with the mean estimated daily intakes; Pb and Cd mean daily intake through rice consumption were 0.84 µg/kg bw/day and 0.40 µg/kg bw/day, which were lower than the tolerable daily intakes. PMID:25251454

  12. Small-Molecule Quinolinol Inhibitor Identified Provides Protection against BoNT/A in Mice

    PubMed Central

    Singh, Padma; Singh, Manglesh Kumar; Chaudhary, Dilip; Chauhan, Vinita; Bharadwaj, Pranay; Pandey, Apurva; Upadhyay, Nisha; Dhaked, Ram Kumar

    2012-01-01

    Botulinum neurotoxins (BoNTs), etiological agents of the life threatening neuroparalytic disease botulism, are the most toxic substances currently known. The potential for the use as bioweapon makes the development of small-molecule inhibitor against these deadly toxins is a top priority. Currently, there are no approved pharmacological treatments for BoNT intoxication. Although an effective vaccine/immunotherapy is available for immuno-prophylaxis but this cannot reverse the effects of toxin inside neurons. A small-molecule pharmacological intervention, especially one that would be effective against the light chain protease, would be highly desirable. Similarity search was carried out from ChemBridge and NSC libraries to the hit (7-(phenyl(8-quinolinylamino)methyl)-8-quinolinol; NSC 84096) to mine its analogs. Several hits obtained were screened for in silico inhibition using AutoDock 4.1 and 19 new molecules selected based on binding energy and Ki. Among these, eleven quinolinol derivatives potently inhibited in vitro endopeptidase activity of botulinum neurotoxin type A light chain (rBoNT/A-LC) on synaptosomes isolated from rat brain which simulate the in vivo system. Five of these inhibitor molecules exhibited IC50 values ranging from 3.0 nM to 10.0 µM. NSC 84087 is the most potent inhibitor reported so far, found to be a promising lead for therapeutic development, as it exhibits no toxicity, and is able to protect animals from pre and post challenge of botulinum neurotoxin type A (BoNT/A). PMID:23071727

  13. Highly efficient blue organic light-emitting diodes using quantum well-like multiple emissive layer structure

    PubMed Central

    2014-01-01

    In this study, the properties of blue organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDs), employing quantum well-like structure (QWS) that includes four different blue emissive materials of 4,4′-bis(2,2′-diphenylyinyl)-1,1′-biphenyl (DPVBi), 9,10-di(naphth-2-yl)anthracene (ADN), 2-(N,N-diphenyl-amino)-6-[4-(N,N-diphenyl amine)styryl]naphthalene (DPASN), and bis(2-methyl-8-quinolinolate)-4-(phenyl phenolato) aluminum (BAlq), were investigated. Conventional QWS blue OLEDs composed of multiple emissive layers and charge blocking layer with lower highest occupied molecular orbital (HOMO)-lowest unoccupied molecular orbital (LUMO) energy level, and devices with triple emissive layers for more significant hole-electron recombination and a wider region for exciton generation were designed. The properties of triple emissive layered blue OLEDs with the structure of indium tin oxide (ITO) /N,N′-diphenyl-N,N′-bis(1-naphthyl-phenyl)-(1,1′-biphenyl)-4,4′-diamine (NPB) (700 Ǻ)/X (100 Ǻ)/BAlq (100 Ǻ)/X (100 Ǻ)/4,7-diphenyl-1,10-phenanthroline (Bphen) (300 Ǻ)/lithium quinolate (Liq) (20 Ǻ)/aluminum (Al) (1,200 Ǻ) (X = DPVBi, ADN, DPASN) were examined. HOMO-LUMO energy levels of DPVBi, ADN, DPASN, and BAlq are 2.8 to 5.9, 2.6 to 5.6, 2.3 to 5.2, and 2.9 to 5.9 eV, respectively. The OLEDs with DPASN/BAlq/DPASN QWS with maximum luminous efficiency of 5.32 cd/A was achieved at 3.5 V. PMID:24940170

  14. A novel method applied in determination and assessment of trace amount of lead and cadmium in rice from four provinces, China.

    PubMed

    Li, Shan; Wang, Mei; Yang, Bingyi; Zhong, Yizhou; Feng, Le

    2014-01-01

    Heavy metal contamination of soils or water can lead to excessive lead (Pb) and cadmium (Cd) levels in rice. As cumulative poisons, consumption of Pb and Cd in contaminated rice may cause many toxic effects in humans. In the present study, Pb and Cd levels in rice samples from Hubei, Jiangxi, Heilongjiang, and Guangdong provinces in China were analyzed by cloud point extraction and graphite furnace atomic absorption spectrometry (GFAAS). The heavy metals in the rice samples were reacted with 8-quinolinol to form a complex at pH 9.0 and 40°C. Analytes were quantitatively extracted to a surfactant-rich phase (Triton X-45) after centrifugation and analyzed by GFAAS. The effects of experimental conditions, including pH, concentration of reagents, and equilibration time and temperature, on cloud point extraction were optimized efficiently using Plackett-Burman and Box-Behnken experimental designs. Under the optimum conditions, good linearity was observed in the concentration ranges of 0.5-5 µg/L for Pb and 0.05-0.50 µg/L for Cd. The limits of detection were 0.043 µg/L for Pb with a concentration factor of 24.2 in a 10 mL sample and 0.018 µg/L for Cd with a concentration factor of 18.4 in a 10 mL sample. Twenty rice samples from four provinces were analyzed successfully, and the mean levels of Pb and Cd in the rice were all below their maximum allowable concentrations in China. Comparing the tolerable daily intakes given by FAO/WHO with the mean estimated daily intakes; Pb and Cd mean daily intake through rice consumption were 0.84 µg/kg bw/day and 0.40 µg/kg bw/day, which were lower than the tolerable daily intakes. PMID:25251454