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1

Memory and Perfection in Ferroelastic Inclusion Compounds  

SciTech Connect

In a series of ferroelastic urea inclusion compounds (UICs), in which domain reorientation occurs upon application of an external anisotropic force, introduction of a relaxive impurity that disrupts a specific hydrogen-bonding network transforms a plastic (irreversible) domain-switching process into one that exhibits a striking memory effect and 'rubber-like behavior', a form of pseudoelasticity. As expected for a highly cooperative process, the ferroelastic response to the impurity concentration exhibits a critical threshold. Through synchrotron white-beam X-ray topography (SWBXT) of crystals under stress, videomicroscopy of spontaneous repair during crystal growth, acoustomechanical relaxation of daughter domains, kinetic measurements of spontaneous domain reversion, and solid-state {sup 2}H NMR of labeled guests, this work shows how relaxive impurities lower the barrier to domain switching and how differences in perfection between mother and daughter domains provide the driving force for the memory effects. Although the interfacial effects implicated here are different from the volume effects that operate in certain shape memory materials, the twinning and defect phenomena responsible for the rubber-like behavior and memory effects should be generally applicable to domain switching in ferroelastic and ferroelectric crystals and to other solid-state processes.

Hollingsworth,M.; Peterson, M.; Rush, J.; Brown, M.; Abel, M.; Black, A.; Dudley, M.; Raghothamachar, B.; Werner-Zwanziger, U.; et al.

2005-01-01

2

The room-temperature phosphorescence of 2-chloronaphthalene induced by inclusion complexation with 6-iodo-6-deoxy-?-cyclodextrin and the excimer fluorescence of a ?-cyclodextrin-2-chloronaphthalene inclusion complex in aqueous solution  

Microsoft Academic Search

In aqueous solution, 6-iodo-6-deoxy-?-cyclodextrin (?-CDI) forms a 1:1 inclusion complex with 2-chloronaphthalene (2CN), with a formation constant of 1400 ± 300 mol?1dm3. The fluorescence of 2CN is quenched by the formation of the inclusion complex with ?-CDI. In addition, in deaerated aqueous solution, the room-temperature phosphorescence of 2CN is observed from the inclusion complex. Although parent ?-cyclodextrin (?-CD) also induces

Sanyo Hamai; Nagahide Mononobe

1995-01-01

3

Inclusion Compound of Poly(vinyl alcohol) with Multivalent Molybdenum Coordination Compound  

Microsoft Academic Search

An inclusion compound of Mo(VI,V,IV) complexes and poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA) that contains some carbonyl groups was prepared by a photoelectron transfer reaction between PVA and 12-molybdophosphoric acid (PMo12). A dark-blue film was obtained when the aqueous solution of PMo12 and PVA was irradiated with UV light. The film exhibited the characteristic electron spin resonance (ESR) signal of Mo(V). The existence

Cheng Xiansu; Guan Huaimin; Su Yingcao; Wang Jiafang

2001-01-01

4

X-Ray Powder Diffraction Patterns of Some n-Alkanone Urea Inclusion Compounds.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The urea-inclusion-compound-forming ability of a series of closely related ketones was measured to determine the applicability of this procedure for separating and isolating the ketones. The results indicate this can be done. (Author)

B. W. Brodman J. Radell

1966-01-01

5

Fragrance-release Property of &bgr;Cyclodextrin Inclusion Compounds and their Application in Aromatherapy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Fragrance compounds and essential oils are chosen carefully taking advantage of research works in aromatherapy. Considering their volatile nature, the fragrance molecules have to be formed as inclusion compounds with cyclodextrin molecules in order to retain fragrances for a long time. To prepare aromatherapeutic textiles, &bgr;-cyclodextrin is the first choice as the host molecule, because &bgr;-cyclodextrin molecules are capable of

C. X. Wang; Sh. L. Chen

2005-01-01

6

Inclusion.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This theme journal issue focuses on current activities of the Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services which stress inclusion of students with disabilities in the mainstream. It begins with a message from the Assistant Secretary, Robert R. Davila which examines the full meaning of an "inclusive" education. Next, Barbara Buswell and…

Nathanson, Jeanne H., Ed.

1992-01-01

7

Cyclodextrin inclusion compounds of vanadium complexes: structural characterization and catalytic sulfoxidation.  

PubMed

Reaction of potassium vanadate with the hydrazone ligand derived from Schiff-base condensation of salicylaldehyde and biphenyl-4-carboxylic acid hydrazide (H(2)salhybiph) in the presence of two equivalents alpha-cyclodextrin (alpha-CD) in water yields the 1:2 inclusion compound K[VO(2)(salhybiph)@(alpha-CD)(2)]. Characterization in solution confirmed the integrity of the inclusion compound in the polar solvent water. The inclusion compound crystallizes together with additional water molecules as K[VO(2)(salhybiph)@(alpha-CD)(2)].18H(2)O in the monoclinic space group P2(1). Two alpha-CD rings forming a hydrogen bonded head to head dimer are hosting the hydrophobic biphenyl side chain of the complex K[VO(2)(salhybiph)]. The supramolecular aggregation of the inclusion compound in the solid state is established through hydrogen bonding interactions among adjacent alpha-CD hosts and with vanadate moieties of the guest complexes as well as ionic interactions with the potassium counterions. In contrast the supramolecular structure of the guest complex K[VO(2)(salhybiph)] without the presence of CD host molecules is governed by pi-pi-stacking interactions and additional CH/pi interactions. The new inclusion complex K[VO(2)(salhybiph)@(alpha-CD)(2)] and the analogous 1:1 inclusion compound with beta-CD were tested as catalyst in the oxidation of methyl phenyl sulfide (thioanisol) using hydrogen peroxide as oxidant in a water/ethanol mixture, under neutral as well as acidic conditions. PMID:19201031

Lippold, Ines; Vlay, Kristin; Görls, Helmar; Plass, Winfried

2008-12-29

8

[Study on preparation process and stability of beta-cyclodextrin inclusion compound in volatile oil of Cinnamomum longepaniculatum leaves].  

PubMed

To study the optimum preparation process and stability of beta-cyclodextrin inclusion compound in volatile oil of Cinnamomum longepaniculatum leaves. The saturated aqueous solution method was adopted to prepare inclusion compounds for an orthogonal test. The inclusion compound productivity and the inclusion rate were taken as indexes for screening the inclusion processes. The inclusion effect was evaluated with the infrared spectrophotometry and TLC, and the stability under conditions of high temperature, high humidity and strong light was detected. Under optimum preparation conditions for inclusion, the ratio between volatile oil and beta-cyclodextrin was 1: 8 (mL: g), that between beta-cyclodextrin and water was 1: 15, the inclusion temperature was 40 degrees C, and the inclusion time was 3 h. The results of spectrophotometry and TLC showed that the optimum conditions can generate beta-cyclodextrin inclusion compound in volatile oil of C. longepaniculatum leaves with certain light resistance, thermo-stability and hygro-stability. Therefore the optimum inclusion process features simple operation and stable inclusion compounds. PMID:24079235

Liu, Yu; Yin, Zhong-Qiong; Wei, Qin; Jia, Ren-Yong; Fan, Jing; Zhou, Li-Jun; Du, Yong-Hua

2013-07-01

9

Application of MOOT to scattering of elastic waves from compound inclusions  

SciTech Connect

It is shown how MOOT (method of optimal truncation, a convergent T-matrix scheme) can be used to calculate elastic wave scattering from compound inclusions, i.e., inclusions which themselves contain flaws - inclusions, voids, or cracks. The general equations are derived, and they are solved for a particular axially-symmetric case - a cracked spherical inclusion immersed in fluid. The crack edge is a circle on the equatorial plane; the crack can extend either inward to the center or outward to the surface of the sphere. Numerical results are given for scattering of acoustic waves from cracked spheres of various materials. Cracked spheres can be fabricated relatively easily, and may be useful in NDE calibrations.

Visscher, W.M.

1980-01-01

10

Structural and Diffraction Properties of Incommensurate Solid Inclusion Compounds Formed between ?,?-Dihalogenoalkanes and Tri-ortho-thymotide  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Structural properties of incommensurate solid inclusion compounds formed between long-chain ?,?-dihalogenoalkanes [1,10-dibromodecane, Br(CH2)10Br; 1,8-diiodooctane, I(CH2)8I; 1,10-diiododecane, I(CH2)10I] and tri-ortho-thymotide (TOT) are reported, together with a detailed discussion of the diffraction properties of these inclusion compounds. At ambient temperature, all three inclusion compounds have essentially the same TOT ``host'' structure, within which there are linear, parallel tunnels. The ?,?-dihalogenoalkane ``guest'' molecules form an ordered arrangement along these tunnels, with an incommensurate relationship between the periodicities of the host and guest structures along the tunnel direction. However, the guest molecules do not exhibit strong inter-tunnel ordering (in contrast to the situation for the same guest molecules in urea inclusion compounds). As a consequence of the partially disordered guest substructures in these TOT inclusion compounds, the single-crystal X-ray diffraction patterns contain substantial diffuse scattering. The results reported here provide evidence for a weak superstructure of the host in the 1,10-dibromodecane/TOT and 1,10-diiododecane/TOT inclusion compounds and evidence for a low-temperature phase transition in the 1,8-diiodooctane/TOT inclusion compound. The diffraction properties of these inclusion compounds and their corresponding structural implications are assessed in detail.

Serrano-González, Heliodoro; Harris, Kenneth D. M.

1999-11-01

11

Synthesis and spectral investigation of Al(III) catechin/?-cyclodextrin and Al(III) quercetin/?-cyclodextrin inclusion compounds  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Al-catechin/?-cyclodextrin and Al-quercetin/?-cyclodextrin (?-CD) inclusion compounds were synthesized and characterized by IR, UV-vis, 1H and 13C NMR and TG and DTA analyses. Because quercetin is sparingly soluble in water, the stability constants of the Al-quercetin/?-CD and Al-catechin/?-CD compounds were determined by phase solubility studies. The A L-type diagrams indicated the formation of 1:1 inclusion compounds and allowed calculation of the stability constants. The thermodynamic parameters were obtained from the dependence of the stability constants on temperature and results indicated that the formation of the inclusion compounds is an enthalpically driven process. The thermal decomposition of the solid Al-quercetin/?-CD and Al-catechin/?-CD inclusion compounds took place at different stages, compared with the respective precursors, proving that an inclusion complexation process really occurred.

Dias, Karina; Nikolaou, Sofia; De Giovani, Wagner F.

2008-06-01

12

Development of a competitive continuous variation plot for the determination of inclusion compounds stoichiometry  

Microsoft Academic Search

The spectral displacement method in presence of methyl orange has been coupled to the continuous variation plot to allow the\\u000a determination of the stoichiometries for inclusion compounds. Such a “competitive continuous variation plot” (CCV plot) is\\u000a especially useful for the study of substrates which are not directly observable by spectroscopy or which are too poorly soluble\\u000a to give observable signals.

David Landy; François Tetart; Eddy Truant; Philippe Blach; Sophie Fourmentin; Gheorghe Surpateanu

2007-01-01

13

A new sprout inhibitor of potato tuber based on carvone\\/?-cyclodextrin inclusion compound  

Microsoft Academic Search

A monoterpene, D-carvone or (4S)-(+)-carvone, present in the essential oil of caraway seeds (Carum carvi L.), acts as a sprouting inhibitor agent for potato tubers in storage. The aim of the present study was to investigate the\\u000a possibility of using carvone\\/?-cyclodextrin inclusion compound as a sprout inhibitor agent for potato tubers. A Raman study\\u000a of the interactions between ?-cyclodextrin (?-CD)

M. Costa E Silva; C. I. C. Galhano; A. M. G. Moreira Da Silva

2007-01-01

14

Determination of endocrine disrupting compounds using temperature-dependent inclusion chromatography  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the present work solid-phase extraction protocol based on C18 tubes and organic water washing solvents as well as isocratic HPLC procedure focused on quantification of free steroids and related low-molecular-mass endocrine disrupting compounds (EDCs), characterized by different polarity varied from estetrol to progesterone, were studied. Described separation method involves temperature-dependent inclusion chromatography with mobile phase modified with ?-cyclodextrin. Using

Pawe? K. Zarzycki; El?bieta W?odarczyk; Micha? J. Baran

2009-01-01

15

Deuteron NMR studies of guest motion in alkanoic acid urea inclusion compounds  

Microsoft Academic Search

The orientation dependence of deuteron relaxation times of Zeeman (T1Z) and quadrupole (T1Q) order have been measured in the temperature range ?30 to +45 °C for polycrystalline urea inclusion compounds containing alkyl deuterated octanoic acid-d18, dodecanoic acid-d23, and hexadecanoic acid-d31. These data were fitted to a model, based on Redfield relaxation theory, which incorporates rapid rotation about the long molecular

Robert L. Vold; Gina L. Hoatson; Raju Subramanian

1998-01-01

16

Deuteron NMR studies of guest motion in alkanoic acid urea inclusion compounds  

Microsoft Academic Search

The orientation dependence of deuteron relaxation times of Zeeman (T1Z) and quadrupole (T1Q) order have been measured in the temperature range -30 to +45 °C for polycrystalline urea inclusion compounds containing alkyl deuterated octanoic acid-d18, dodecanoic acid-d23, and hexadecanoic acid-d31. These data were fitted to a model, based on Redfield relaxation theory, which incorporates rapid rotation about the long molecular

Robert L. Vold; Gina L. Hoatson; Raju Subramanian

1998-01-01

17

Petrology, Rare Earth Element Composition and Oxygen Isotopic Composition of a Compound CAI-Chondrule Inclusion from Allende  

Microsoft Academic Search

A compound CAI-chondrule inclusion from Allende represents a mixture of partially melted CAI and chondrule materials that have underwent multiple heating processes under nebula gases with different 16O enrichments.

S. Wakaki; S. Itoh; T. Tanaka; H. Yurimoto

2010-01-01

18

C CP-MAS NMR of Azacycle-Thiourea Inclusion Compounds  

Microsoft Academic Search

C CP-MAS NMR spectra of thiourea host-guest inclusion compounds containing amines, 1-azabicyclo[2.2.2]octane, 1,4-diazabicyclo[2.2.2]octane, 3-azabicyclo[3.2.2]nonane and 1, 3, 5, 7 tetrazadamantane at 25°C are reported. Chemical shifts of the confined guest molecule with respect to those diluted in CDCl3 and CCl4 reveal a weaker interaction of the amine with the medium. The magnitude of the average of the C–N residual dipolar

Paul Jara; Nicolás Yutronic; Guillermo González

1998-01-01

19

Structural characterization of crystalline ternary inclusion compounds at the air-water interface  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This thesis explores crystalline ternary inclusion Langmuir monolayers at the air-water interface in which the stabilizing host monolayer was based on the two-dimensional hydrogen-bonded network created by guanidinium ions (G) and the sulfonate (S) moieties of organosulfonate amphiphiles. Grazing-angle incidence X-ray diffraction of the crystalline monolayers revealed that the ability to sustain ternary host-guest monolayers with the GS network intact appears to require guests that are structurally homologous, in the strictest sense, with the organosulfonate substituents. Nonetheless, the observation of these inclusion compounds suggests an approach for the design and synthesis of functional monolayers in which non-amphiphilic molecules adorned with desired functionality could be anchored at the air-water interface through intercalation in host inclusion cavities with well-defined metrics. Such an approach offers the prospect of separating the function of the guest from the inherent structure of the host, avoiding the requirement of designing functional molecules that are also amphiphilic. This thesis also describes an approach for the rational screening of Langmuir monolayers capable of selective nucleation of organic polymorphs. Polymorph selectivity has been demonstrated to be achieved through an epitaxial match of an overlayer on a properly chosen solid substrate. This approach may be extended to polymorph crystallization from an aqueous subphase beneath a Langmuir monolayer. For our purposes, the overlayer is equivalent to the Miller plane of a crystal polymorph nucleating from the aqueous subphase and the substrate is the bottom face of a crystalline monolayer.

Plaut, David Joshua

20

a Cyclodextrin extracts diacylglycerol from insect high density lipoproteins  

Microsoft Academic Search

a -Cyclodextrins are water-soluble cyclic hexa- mers of glucose units with hydrophobic cavities capable of solubilizing lipophiles. Incubating a -cyclodextrin with high density lipophorin from Manduca sexta or Bombyx mori re- sulted in a cloudy, turbid solution. Centrifugation separated a pale yellowish precipitate. Thin-layer chromatography anal- ysis of the lipid extract of the precipitate showed that the major lipid was

Zeina E. Jouni; Jorge Zamora; Marcus Snyder; William R. Montfort; Andrzej Weichsel; Michael A. Wells

21

Superstructure Control in the Crystal Growth and Ordering of Urea Inclusion Compounds  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A template-directed mechanism of crystal growth is demonstrated for urea inclusion compounds (UlCs). For UlCs containing n-alkanone or ?+1,?-1-alkanedione guests, x-ray diffraction revealed superstructure relations between host and guest repeats along the channel axis for guests containing 8 to 14 carbons. For a favorable structural match between host and guest, UlCs typically grow as flat hexagonal plates, and atomic force microscopy of {001} surfaces revealed molecularly smooth terraces differing in height by multiples of the guest repeat. If the match is poor, protrusion of guests from the {001} surfaces nucleates growth along the channel axis to form hexagonal needles.

Hollingsworth, M. D.; Brown, M. E.; Hillier, A. C.; Santarsiero, B. D.; Chaney, J. D.

1996-09-01

22

Preferential adhesion of silver nanoparticles onto crystal faces of alpha-cyclodextrin/carboxylic acids inclusion compounds.  

PubMed

Alpha-Cyclodextrin (alpha-CD) inclusion compounds containing the carboxylic acids (octanoic, decanoic, lauric or dodecanoic, myristic or tetradecanoic, palmitic or hexadecanoic and stearic or octadecanoic) as guests were synthesized and applied for preferential adhesion of silver nanoparticles (AgNPs). The binding affinity depends of the chain length of the respective guest and is most efficient for octanoic and decanoic acids. The immobilization of nanoparticles is caused by the spatial replacing of the stabilized shell of the nanoparticles by COOH groups of the guests molecules, located at the entrance of cavity of alpha-CD, corresponding to the {001} crystal plane. Crystalline coating with nanoparticles provides a means of storing of AgNPs on solids state without aggregation. The stabilization of the particles on the surface is valid for a given length and ordering of the guest in the cavities of the alpha-CD being the octanoic and decanoic acid the most appropriated. PMID:23447940

Rodríguez-Llamazares, S; Jara, P; Yutronic, N; Noyong, M; Fischler, M; Simon, U

2012-12-01

23

Synthesis and guest exchange reactions of inclusion compounds of cucurbit[8]uril with nickel( II ) and copper( II ) complexes  

Microsoft Academic Search

Inclusion compounds of the macrocyclic cavitand cucurbit[8]uril (CB[8]) with the nickel(II) complex, {trans-[Ni(en)2(H2O)2]@CB[8]}Cl2 23.5H2O, the copper(II) complex, {2[Cu(dien)(bipy)(H2O)]@CB[8]}(ClO4)4 11H2O, and the organic molecules, 2(pyCN)@CB[8]} 16H2O and {2(bpe)@CB[8]} 17H2O, where bipy is 4,4?-bipyridyl, pyCN is 4-cyanopyridine, and bpe is trans-1,2-bis(4-pyridyl)ethylene, were synthesized. The inclusion compounds with organic molecules were synthesized starting from\\u000a inclusion compounds of cucurbit[8]uril with cyclam and ethylenediamine complexes

T. V. Mitkina; D. Yu. Naumov; N. V. Kurat’eva; O. A. Gerasko; V. P. Fedin

2006-01-01

24

Highly repulsive interaction in novel inclusion D2-N2 compound at high pressure: Raman and x-ray evidence  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We present spectral and structural evidences for the formation of a homogeneous cubic ?-N2-like, noncrystalline solid and an incommensuratelike hexagonal (P6322) inclusion compound (N2)12D2, formed by compressing a nitrogen-rich mixture to 5.5 and 10 GPa, respectively. A strong repulsive coupling in (N2)12D2 is evident from a blue shift, discontinuous changes, and the absence of turnover of the D2 vibron to 70 GPa-all in sharp contrast to both pure D2 and other inclusion compounds. This repulsive interaction is responsible to the observed incommensuratelike structure and large internal pressure.

Kim, Minseob; Yoo, Choong-Shik

2011-01-01

25

Deuteron NMR studies of guest motion in alkanoic acid urea inclusion compounds  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The orientation dependence of deuteron relaxation times of Zeeman (T1Z) and quadrupole (T1Q) order have been measured in the temperature range -30 to +45 °C for polycrystalline urea inclusion compounds containing alkyl deuterated octanoic acid-d18, dodecanoic acid-d23, and hexadecanoic acid-d31. These data were fitted to a model, based on Redfield relaxation theory, which incorporates rapid rotation about the long molecular axis and slower, limited angle libration of individual CD bonds about a perpendicular axis. The activation energies for rotational diffusion about the long axis are 17.4+/-0.8 kJ/mol for octanoic acid-d18, 14.4+/-0.6 kJ/mol for dodecanoic acid-d23, and 22.5+/-0.4 kJ/mol for hexadecanoic acid-d31 guests. These values are larger than those for alkane guests with the same number of carbon atoms, and they increase more rapidly with increasing chain length. Quadrupole coupling constants, determined at room temperature from measurements on large single crystals, are consistent with a small gauche population near the methyl end of the alkanoic acid chains. Analytic models which relate the measured quadrupole coupling constants and relaxation times to conformational probabilities and dynamics require the assumption that rotations about individual C-C bonds are uncorrelated. Newtonian molecular dynamics simulations reveal that this incorrect assumption introduces significant error.

Vold, Robert L.; Hoatson, Gina L.; Subramanian, Raju

1998-05-01

26

Inclusion and Optical Resolution of Guest Molecules by Selected Synthetic Dihydroxy- and Trihydroxy-Host Compounds Containing Heterocyclic Scaffolds  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This review focuses on structural aspects of inclusion complexation between selected host molecules that contain - OH sensor groups appended to, or associated with, heterocyclic moieties, and both non-chiral and chiral guests. Among the host compounds discussed, those derived from tartaric acid feature prominently as they have been extensively explored, especially in the context of optical resolution of racemic guests. Of the various techniques employed in the study of the derived solid-state inclusion complexes, single crystal X-ray studies have contributed significantly to an understanding of the roles of hydrogen bonding, van der Waals, C-H···? and ?-? interactions in complex stabilization. For the host molecules described, the literature surveyed accordingly provides many case studies that feature X-ray analysis as a primary tool for investigating the mechanistic aspects of inclusion phenomena such as optical resolution and enantioselective photoreactivity.

Caira, Mino R.; Tanaka, Koichi

27

Effect of temperature programming on the performance of urea inclusion compound-based free fatty acid fractionation  

Microsoft Academic Search

The effect of cooling rate on the degree of removal of saturated acyl groups from FFA derived from canola oil and the isolation\\u000a of di- and polyunsaturated acyl groups from FFA derived from vegetable and fish oil, respectively, during urea inclusion compound\\u000a (UIC)-based fractionation was investigated. Traditionally, slow cooling has been used (ca.?1C min?1). A more rapid cooling rate (?47C

Douglas G. Hayes

2006-01-01

28

Modification of the face selectivity in asymmetric induction by cyclodextrins through the formation of three-component inclusion compounds  

Microsoft Academic Search

Stoichiometric amounts of triethylamine (TEA) were found to enhance the chiral induction by ß-cyclodextrin (ß-CD) in the reduction of acetophenone (ACPH) by aqueous NaBH4. The enantioselectivity obtained depends upon the molar ratio ß-CD:ACPH:TEA. Evidence for the formation of a three-component inclusion compound was obtained from detailled1H and2H NAM studies. The restriction of the molecular motion of the prochiral center probably

E. Renard; A. Deratani; F. Djedaini-Pilard; B. Perly

1996-01-01

29

Chain conformations and dynamics of crystalline polymers as observed in their inclusion compounds by solid-state NMR  

Microsoft Academic Search

Certain small molecules, such as urea (U), perhydrotriphenylene (PHTP) and cyclodextrins (CDs), can be co-crystallized with polymers to form inclusion compounds (ICs). The guest polymer chains are confined to narrow, cylindrical channels created by the host, small-molecule lattice. The number and conformation of included polymer chains depend on the relative cross-sectional dimensions of polymer chains and the host channel diameter.

Jin Lu; Peter A. Mirau; Alan E. Tonelli

2002-01-01

30

Physicochemical characterization and in vitro dissolution behavior of nicardipine–cyclodextrins inclusion compounds  

Microsoft Academic Search

Inclusion complexation between nicardipine hydrochloride (NC), a calcium-channel antagonist, and ?-cyclodextrin (?-CD) or hydroxypropyl-?-cyclodextrin (HP?CD) was evaluated in aqueous environment and in solid state. The phase solubility profiles with both cyclodextrins (CDs) were classified as AL-type, indicating the formation of 1:1 stoichiometric inclusion complexes. Stability constants (Ks) were calculated from the phase solubility diagrams and were found to be pH

Catarina M Fernandes; M Teresa Vieira; Francisco J B. Veiga

2002-01-01

31

Extraction and transport of metal ions and small organic compounds using polymer inclusion membranes (PIMs)  

Microsoft Academic Search

The stability of polymer inclusion membranes (PIMs) relative to other liquid membranes is amongst the major reasons for the recent rejuvenation of interest in carrier-mediated transport for selective separation and recovery of metal ions as well as numerous organic solutes. This is reflected by an increasing number of PIM investigations reported in the literature over the last two decades. Given

Long D. Nghiem; Patrick Mornane; Ian D. Potter; Jilska M. Perera; Robert W. Cattrall; Spas D. Kolev

2006-01-01

32

Polybrominated dibenzo-p-dioxins, dibenzofurans, and biphenyls: inclusion in the toxicity equivalency factor concept for dioxin-like compounds.  

PubMed

In 2011, a joint World Health Organization (WHO) and United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) expert consultation took place, during which the possible inclusion of brominated analogues of the dioxin-like compounds in the WHO Toxicity Equivalency Factor (TEF) scheme was evaluated. The expert panel concluded that polybrominated dibenzo-p-dioxins (PBDDs), dibenzofurans (PBDFs), and some dioxin-like biphenyls (dl-PBBs) may contribute significantly in daily human background exposure to the total dioxin toxic equivalencies (TEQs). These compounds are also commonly found in the aquatic environment. Available data for fish toxicity were evaluated for possible inclusion in the WHO-UNEP TEF scheme (van den Berg et al., 1998). Because of the limited database, it was decided not to derive specific WHO-UNEP TEFs for fish, but for ecotoxicological risk assessment, the use of specific relative effect potencies (REPs) from fish embryo assays is recommended. Based on the limited mammalian REP database for these brominated compounds, it was concluded that sufficient differentiation from the present TEF values of the chlorinated analogues (van den Berg et al., 2006) was not possible. However, the REPs for PBDDs, PBDFs, and non-ortho dl-PBBs in mammals closely follow those of the chlorinated analogues, at least within one order of magnitude. Therefore, the use of similar interim TEF values for brominated and chlorinated congeners for human risk assessment is recommended, pending more detailed information in the future. PMID:23492812

van den Berg, Martin; Denison, Michael S; Birnbaum, Linda S; Devito, Michael J; Fiedler, Heidelore; Falandysz, Jerzy; Rose, Martin; Schrenk, Dieter; Safe, Stephen; Tohyama, Chiharu; Tritscher, Angelika; Tysklind, Mats; Peterson, Richard E

2013-03-14

33

1 H-Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) Studies on the Inclusion Complex of Prostaglandin E l (PGE 1 with ?-Cyclodextrin  

Microsoft Academic Search

Prostaglandin El is currently marketed as a freeze-dried injectable inclusion complex with a-cyclodextrin for the treatment of peripheral arterial diseases. a-Cyclodextrin is used as a stabilizing agent and to improve the dissolution characteristics of prostaglandin El. Upon dilution with the infusion medium, the inclusion complex dissociates almost completely as shown by NMR chemical shift measurements of the complexed and uncomplexed

Bert Steffan; Wilfried Fischer; Günther Cordes; Ilona Habon; Robert Müller

1992-01-01

34

Physicochemical characterization, in vitro dissolution behavior, and pharmacodynamic studies of rofecoxib-cyclodextrin inclusion compounds. Preparation and properties of rofecoxib hydroxypropyl ?-cyclodextrin inclusion complex: A technical note  

Microsoft Academic Search

Conclusion  An inclusion complex of rofecoxib and HP?-CD was prepared successfully by the spray-drying method in a molar ratio of 1?1.\\u000a The inclusion complex was found to have improved in vitro drug release compared with the pure drug. The solubility profile\\u000a of complexes of rofecoxib prepared using HP?-CD as the complexing agent in a molar ratio of 1?1 by the spray-drying

Sanjula Baboota; Mona Dhaliwal; Kanchan Kohli

2005-01-01

35

Peptides:?-Cyclodextrin Inclusion Compound as Higher Effective Antimicrobial and Anti-epithelial Proliferation Agents.  

PubMed

Background: The use of antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) as therapeutic agents for periodontal infections has great advantages, such as its broad spectrum of action, low toxicity, and limited bacterial resistance. However, its practical use is limited due to the large amount of peptide required to exercise its microbicide function. Methods: LyeTxI, LL37f, and KR12 cationic peptides were prepared with ?-Cyclodextrin (?CD) at 1:1 molar ratio. The susceptibility of Porphyromonas gingivalis, Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans, and Fusobacterium nucleatum were assessed in anaerobic conditions. Cytotoxicity assays were performed using osteoblast and Caco-2 epithelial cells, and hemolytic activity on rabbit erythrocytes at an absorbance of 414 nm. Parameters of roughness and electrical charge of membrane were established by Atomic Force Microscopy (AFM) and Zeta potential, respectively. Results: The AMPs/?CD decreased drastically the peptide concentration required for activity against bacteria tested. Moreover, AMPs associated to ?CD were able to modify the cell surface parameters, such as roughness and zeta potential. On the other hand, AMP/?CD did not alter the degree of hemolysis induced by the pure AMPs. The ECs50 values of the peptides and compounds on osteoblast were greater than the concentrations required to achieve inhibition of bacterial growth in all the species tested. The AMP/?CD inhibited the proliferation of Caco-2 epithelial cells in a more efficient manner than AMPs solely. Conclusion: AMPs/?CDs are more efficacious to inhibit periodontopathogenic bacteria with additional ability of inhibiting the proliferation of epithelial cells at non-cytotoxic concentrations for osteoblasts and erythrocytes. PMID:23510146

Consuegra, Jessika; Elena de Lima, Maria; Santos, Daniel; Sinisterra, Rubén Dario; Cortés, Maria Esperanza

2013-03-19

36

The guest ordering and dynamics in urea inclusion compounds studied by solid-state 1H and 13C MAS NMR spectroscopy  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Urea inclusion compounds with different guest species were studied by 13C CP MAS and 1H MAS NMR spectroscopy. It is possible to arrange the asymmetric guest species in three different ways: head-head, head-tail and tail-tail. 13C CP MAS NMR studies indicate that the preference arrangement is determined by the interaction strength of the end functional groups. 13C relaxation experiments are used to study the dynamic properties of urea inclusion compounds. 13C relaxation studies on urea inclusion compounds with n-alkane or decanoic acid show that the 13C T1 and 13C T1? values exhibit the position dependence towards the center of the chain, indicating internal chain mobility. The analysis of variable-temperature 13C T1? experiments on urea inclusion compounds with hexadecane and pentadecane, for the first time, suggests that chain fluctuations and lateral motion of n-alkane guests may contribute to the 13C T1? relaxation.

Yang, Xiaorong; Müller, Klaus

2011-12-01

37

Low-temperature thermal properties of the Werner calthrate inclusion compounds. Isotopic p-xylenes in tetrakis (4-methylpyridine) nickel(II) thiocyanate  

Microsoft Academic Search

The heat capacities of the clathrate compounds formed by inclusion ofp-C6H4(CH3)2andp-C6D4(CD3)2in tetrakis(4-methylpyridine) nickel(II) thiocyanate, and the empty host compound have been measured at temperatures between (12 and 300) K. Two temperature regions of anomalous heat capacity were found for each of the clathrate compounds. The molar heat capacity divided by the temperature (Cp, m\\/T) plotted against the temperature gave clear

K. Ishida; T. Matsuo; H. Suga; W. Zielenkiewicz; J. Lipkowski

1998-01-01

38

Formation of a flame retardant-cyclodextrin inclusion compound and its application as a flame retardant for poly(ethylene terephthalate)  

Microsoft Academic Search

We report the formation of an inclusion compound (IC) between a commercial flame retardant (FR) and beta-cyclodextrin (CD). The FR-CD-IC was melt-processed into PET films which were tested for flammability. The flammabilities of pure PET films, PET films containing pure CD, and PET films containing FR applied from a bath and then oven-cured, were also observed. Flammabilities, as measured using

Lei Huang; Michael Gerber; Jin Lu; Alan E Tonelli

2001-01-01

39

Molecular weight-based fractionation of poly-l- and poly-d,l-lactic acid polymers via a simple inclusion compound based process  

Microsoft Academic Search

Urea inclusion compound (UIC) formation was used to fractionate carbohydrate polymers, poly-l- and poly-dl-lactic acid, by molecular weight. The UIC fractionation process employed was rapid, simple, scalable, and may have potential for use in preparative- and large-scale purification of polymers. Differential scanning calorimetry measurements reflect the formation of UICs for both polymer types. Under the conditions employed, the resultant UIC-rich

Douglas G. Hayes; Anne-Lee Asplund; James M. Van Alstine; Xun Zhang

2002-01-01

40

Electron nuclear double resonance study of the spin-label tanol (tempol) oriented in the inclusion compound 2'-hydroxy-2,4,4,7,4'-pentamethylflavan  

Microsoft Academic Search

The nitrogen quadrupole tensor has been determined by ENDOR measurements at -20°C for the spin-label tanol (tempol) oriented in the inclusion compound 2'-hydroxy-2,4,4,7,4'-pentamethylflavan. The principal values are equal to +1.46, +0.11, and -1.57 MHz, with the direction of the 1.46-MHz quadrupole coupling lying parallel to the direction of the largest nitrogen hyperfine coupling. The other two quadrupole tensor components do

F. Ohzeki; L. D. Kispert; C. Arroyo; M. Steffan

1982-01-01

41

Design and structural extension of a supramolecular inclusion-compound host made by the formation of dimers of isonicotinic acid and thiocyanato coordinating bridges.  

PubMed

A new host design for an inclusion compound with a preference for large planar aromatic guest molecules has been proposed. Our host design includes a rectangular cavity made using a long and a short building block based on the concept of supramolecular chemistry. The long building block facilitates the inclusion of large guests, and the short building block prevents the formation of an interpenetrated structure, which is often observed in frameworks with large void spaces. The long building block is made when dimers of 4-pyridinecarboxylic acid (isoH) form through hydrogen bonding between the two carboxylic acid moieties. This isoH dimer can link two transition metal centers using the N atoms at both ends to act as a long building block. For the short building block, the thiocyanato ion was used. This makes a bent bridge between two metal centers to form a 1D double-chain [M(SCN)2]infinity complex. From the self-assembly of isoH, SCN- and Ni2+, a 2D network of [Ni(SCN)2(isoH)2]infinity, in which the 1D [Ni(SCN)2]infinity complexes are linked by the isoH dimers, is built up. The rectangular cavity is formed as a mesh within the 2D network. The crystal of our inclusion compound has a layered structure of 2D networks, and a 1D channel-like cavity penetrating the layered 2D networks is formed where guests may be included. Moreover, our host design has the advantage of easy extension of the host structure. Replacement of isoH with another component and use of three components is possible for making the long building block. In the latter case, a linear spacer having two carboxy groups is inserted into the isoH dimer to form a long building block with a trimer structure. Based on our host design, a series of new inclusion compounds were synthesized. The crystal structures of three compounds were determined by single crystal X-ray diffraction. These were a biphenyl inclusion compound [Ni(SCN)2(isoH)2].1/2C12H10 (the basic case), a 9,10-dichloroanthracene inclusion compound [Ni(SCN)2(acrylH)2].1/2C14H8Cl2, where isoH is replaced with 3-(4-pyridinyl)-2-propenoic acid (acrylH), and a perylene inclusion compound [Ni(SCN)2(isoH)2(fumaricH2)].1/2C20H12, whose long building block is a trimer inserted with fumaric acid (fumaricH2) as a linear spacer. PMID:12561121

Sekiya, Ryo; Nishikiori, Shin-ichi

2002-10-18

42

Inclusion complex formation of ionic liquids and other cationic organic compounds with cucurbit[7]uril studied by 4',6-diamidino-2-phenylindole fluorescent probe.  

PubMed

The encapsulation of 4',6-diamidino-2-phenylindole (DAPI) in the cucurbit[7]uril (CB7) cavity was studied by absorption, fluorescence, and NMR spectroscopic methods in aqueous solution. The profound change in the fluorescence characteristics was attributed to the formation of a very stable 1:1 inclusion complex. Three independent methods provided (1.1+/-0.1)x10(7) M(-1) value for the binding constant. DAPI proved to be an excellent fluorescent probe for the investigation of the competitive binding of ionic liquids, surfactants, and biologically important compounds to CB7. The equilibrium constant of 1-alkyl-3-methylimidazolium inclusion was found to go through a maximum as the aliphatic chain length was increased, reaching the highest value for the hexyl derivative. The variation of the anion had a small effect. Among cationic surfactants containing a dodecyl tail, the stability of CB7 complex diminished with the growing hydrophobicity of the head group. PMID:19159198

Miskolczy, Zsombor; Biczók, László; Megyesi, Mónika; Jablonkai, István

2009-02-12

43

Oxymatrine-carbenoxolone sodium inclusion compound induces antinociception and increases the expression of GABA(A)alpha1 receptors in mice.  

PubMed

Oxymatrine-carbenoxolone sodium inclusion compound (OCSIC) has been reported as a novel painkiller, but its effectiveness and mechanism remain unknown. This study investigated the analgesic effects of OCSIC and the possible alterations in the expression of gamma-aminobutyric acid type A alpha1 (GABA(A)alpha1) receptors in the central nervous system caused by the compound. The antinociceptive action of the OCSIC was assessed in thermal and chemical behavioral models of nociception. The hot-plate test, tail immersion test, acetic acid-induced abdominal constriction and formalin-induced pain were used in ICR mice. OCSIC was administered intraperitoneally (i.p.) or intracerebroventricularly (i.c.v.). In all cases, OCSIC produced significant dose-dependent antinociceptive effects. In addition, OCSIC (150 mg/kg) increased the expression of positive staining cells of GABA(A)alpha1 receptors. These results reveal that the antinociceptive effects of OCSIC may be involved in the central nervous system and the peripheral nervous system. The involvement of GABA(A) receptors in the antinociceptive effect of OCSIC is now under investigation. PMID:19818751

Zhou, Junjun; Yang, Guang; Jin, Shaoju; Tao, Lijun; Yu, Jianqiang; Jiang, Yuanxu

2009-10-08

44

Complexation with hydroxy host compounds, part 5. Structures and thermal analyses of 1,2,3,4,5-pentaphenylcyclopenta-2,4-dien-1-ol and its inclusion compounds with water and dimethylsulphoxide  

Microsoft Academic Search

The crystal and molecular structures of the title host compound (I), C35H26O, and its inclusion complexes with water (II), C35H26O·H2O and dimethylsulphoxide (III), C35H26O·C2H6OS are reported. (I) is monoclinicC2\\/c,a = 9.725(1),b = 20.031(3),c = 26.545(3) Å, ß = 90.60(1)0,V = 5170 Å3,Z = 8; (II) is triclinic,\\u000a$$P\\\\bar 1$$\\u000a,a = 10.206(1),b = 10.324(2),c = 14.425(2) Å, a = 101.68(1),

Susan A. Bourne; Luigi R. Nassimbeni; Margaret L. Niven; Agnieszka M. Modro

1992-01-01

45

Cure and mechanical behavior of a black-filled natural rubber compound containing ground vulcanizates and model spherical inclusions  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Cure and mechanical behavior of a carbon-black filled natural rubber (NR) truck tread tire composition containing cryogenically-ground vulcanizates were studied. The effects of particle size, concentration, type of matrix and particle base rubber, and particle modulus differentiated by curative level on the vulcanization, tensile, trouser tear and wear behavior were determined. Addition of ground rubber reduced maximum Oscillating Disk Rheometry (ODR) torque and scorch times. Sulfur migration was shown to occur from the matrix to the ground vulcanizate phase accounting for the maximum torque reduction. The level of migration did not depend on particle size in the range less than 1 mm as determined by ODR response, but did depend on sizes greater than 1 mm as determined by direct sulfur analysis and measurement of model sphere modulus. Evidence was provided to show migration of 2-mercaptobenzothiazole (MBT) from the ground rubber to the matrix results in decreased scorch time. Tensile strength decreases with addition of ground vulcanizate, however, the level of decrease depends strongly on particle modulus. Low modulus particles cause a minimal decrease in strength with little dependence of particle size, whereas higher modulus particles cause greater reductions with a larger dependence on size. The phenomenon was attributed to crack initiation and/or propagation processes. Tensile strength also has a minor dependence on sulfur migration. If sulfur depletion from the matrix is compensated, the strength increases. Observation of the fracture process of testpieces containing a single sphere ruled out the possibility that differences in crack initiation from one sphere alone causes the strong dependence of strength on particle modulus. Furthermore, in this low concentration regime of one sphere, the type of matrix rubber dictated the behavior. For natural rubber, a rubber with high tearing resistance due to its ability to crystallize, interfacial adhesion has less effect on strength. However, for styrene-butadiene rubber (SBR), a rubber with lower tearing resistance, adhesion has a larger effect. The trouser tear strength increases with increasing ground vulcanizate concentration. The increase is due in large part to the change in matrix crosslink density resulting from sulfur migration. When the sulfur level was adjusted, tear strength reverted to its initial value. Particle size has a minor effect on tear strength, but causes large deviation of the crack path. It is thought that black-filled natural rubber, already having the ability to deviate a crack in the absence of the particles, does not gain great increases in tear resistance with additional deviation. Furthermore, there was little dependence of tear strength on particle modulus suggesting crack propagation alone does not cause the dependence of tensile strength on particle modulus. Wear resistance, measured with a rotary drum abrader (DIN), was found to be heavily dependent on the matrix modulus as well as the type of particle. Wear resistance decreased upon addition of ground rubber, but improved if the matrix sulfur level was increased to compensate for its depletion. Furthermore, particles of a more wear resistant SBR compound imparted improved wear resistance versus those with NR particles. It is likely the interface does not affect the wear behavior and the particles are abrading as bulk materials.

Norton, Craig Brian

46

The structural and dynamic properties of 1-bromodecane in urea inclusion compounds investigated by solid-state (1) H, (13) C and (2) H NMR spectroscopy.  

PubMed

For asymmetric guest molecules in urea, the end-groups of two adjacent guest molecules may arrange in three different ways: head-head, head-tail and tail-tail. Solid-state (1) H and (13) C NMR spectroscopy is used to study the structural properties of 1-bromodecane in urea. It is found that the end groups of the guest molecules are randomly arranged. The dynamic characteristics of 1-bromodecane in urea inclusion compounds are probed by variable-temperature solid-state (2) H NMR spectroscopy (line shapes, spin-spin relaxation: T(2) , spin-lattice relaxation: T(1Z) and T(1Q) ) between 120 K and room temperature. The comparison between the simulation and experimental data shows that the dynamic properties of the guest molecules can be described in a quantitative way using a non-degenerate three-site jump process in the low-temperature phase and a degenerate three-site jump in the high-temperature phase, in combination with the small-angle wobbling motion. The kinetic parameters can be derived from the simulation. Copyright © 2011 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. PMID:21751248

Yang, Xiaorong; Müller, Klaus

2011-07-12

47

Surface tension method for determining binding constants for cyclodextrin inclusion complexes of ionic surfactants  

Microsoft Academic Search

A new method has been developed for determining binding constants of complexes of cyclodextrins with surface-active compounds, including water-soluble ionic surfactants. The technique requires measuring the change in surface tension caused by addition of a cyclodextrin (CD) to aqueous solutions of the surfactant; the experimental results lead directly to inferred values of the thermodynamic activity of the surfactant. Surface tension

Udeni R. Dharmawardana; Sherril D. Christian; Edwin E. Tucker; Richard W. Taylor; John F. Scamehorn

1993-01-01

48

Cyclodextrin compound modified with folic acid, process for production thereof, drug delivery agent for targeting drug delivery system, pharmaceutical composition, and imaging agent  

US Patent & Trademark Office Database

Disclosed is a cyclodextrin compound comprising glucopyranoses constituting cyclodextrin, the glucopyranoses having substituents each having folic acid substituted for two or more primary hydroxy groups at position-6 of the glucopyranoses.

2012-07-17

49

Inclusive Classrooms  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Five Standards-based strategies for successful inclusion of special-needs students in the secondary science classroom are described in this article. Use a multisensory approach; encourage collaboration among students; provide specific expectations and ass

Alexakos, Konstantinos

2001-03-01

50

Multilayered textile coating based on a ?-cyclodextrin polyelectrolyte for the controlled release of drugs.  

PubMed

The aim of this work was to develop the formation of multilayered coating incorporating a cyclodextrin polyelectrolyte onto a non-woven polyethylene terephthalate (PET) textile support in order to obtain reservoir and sustained release properties towards bioactive molecules. We optimized the multilayer assembly immobilization onto the PET surface according to the layer-by-layer (LbL) deposition process. After a pre-treatment of the textile support aiming to offer a sufficient ionic character to the surface, it was alternatively immersed into two polyelectrolytes aqueous solutions consisting of chitosan (CHT) as polycation on the one hand, and a ?-cyclodextrin polymer (polyCTR-?CD) as polyanion on the other hand. In a second approach, a TBBA/polyCTR-?CD complex (4-tert-butylbenzoic acid, TBBA) was used in order to load the system with a drug model whose kinetics of release was assessed. Gravimetry, microscopy, OWLS, colorimetric titration, infrared and zetametry were used as characterization techniques. An effective deposition on the textile surface due to ionic interactions with alternation of up to 10 layers of each of both polyelectrolytes was clearly evidenced. However, we observed that layer formation occurred to a lesser extent when TBBA/polyCTR-?CD complex was applied instead of polyCTR-?CD alone. The release study showed that drug reservoir properties and release kinetics could be controlled by the number of layers in the system and that TBBA release was faster than the multilayered coating degradation. PMID:23499116

Martin, Adeline; Tabary, Nicolas; Leclercq, Laurent; Junthip, Jatupol; Degoutin, Stéphanie; Aubert-Viard, François; Cazaux, Frédéric; Lyskawa, Joël; Janus, Ludovic; Bria, Marc; Martel, Bernard

2012-12-27

51

Cyclodextrin Formation by the Thermostable ?-Amylase of Thermoanaerobacterium thermosulfurigenes EM1 and Reclassification of the Enzyme as a Cyclodextrin Glycosyltransferase  

Microsoft Academic Search

Extensive characterization of the thermostable ?-amylase of Clostridium thermosulfurogenes EM1, recently reclassified as Thermoanaerobacterium thermosulfurigenes, clearly demonstrated that the enzyme is a cyclodextrin glycosyltransferase (CGTase). Product analysis after incubation of the enzyme with starch revealed formation of ?-, ?-, and ?-cyclodextrins, as well as linear sugars. The specific activity for cyclization of this CGTase was similar to those of other

Richèle D. Wind; Wolfgang Liebl; Reinetta M. Buitelaar; Dirk Penninga; Andreas Spreinat; Lubbert Dijkhuizen; Hubert Bahl

1995-01-01

52

Inclusive fitness  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although the prisoner's dilemma (PD) has been used extensively to study reciprocal altruism, here we show that the n-player prisoner's dilemma (NPD) is also central to two other prominent theories of the evolution of altruism: inclusive fitness and multilevel selection. An NPD model captures the essential factors for the evolution of altruism directly in its parameters and integrates important aspects

Andy Gardner; Martin Zwick

2011-01-01

53

Effect of the inclusion of chestnut in the finishing diet on volatile compounds during the manufacture of dry-cured "Lacón" from Celta pig breed.  

PubMed

The effect of the finishing diet on the volatile compounds throughout the manufacture of dry-cured "lacón" (a Spanish traditional meat product), from the Celta pig breed was studied. Thirty-six pigs were separated into three groups according to the type of feeding during the finish-fattening period of three months (concentrate, mixed diet and chestnut). From the pigs of each diet, four batches of dry-cured "lacón" were manufactured. From each batch, samples of fresh meat, meat after salting, after post-salting, and after 14, 28, 56 and 84days of drying-ripening were taken. Volatiles were extracted by a purge-and-trap method and analyzed by gas chromatographic/mass spectrometry (GC/MS). Seventy-six volatile compounds were identified and quantified from dry-cured "lacón" samples in pigs finished with chestnut, eighty-two for concentrate fed pigs and eighty in pigs fed with the mixed diet. The number of identified volatile compounds increased during the manufacturing process; at 84days of drying-ripening, in the dry-cured "lacón" samples from pigs finished with concentrate, mixed diet and chestnut, 54, 58 and 62 volatile compounds were detected, respectively. The most abundant group of flavour compounds at the end of the manufacturing process was hydrocarbons in the three feeding systems, followed by aldehydes, ketones and alcohols. Discriminant analysis selected six variables (dodecane, butadienol, pentenol, 2-pentenal, decen-3-ona and pyridine-2-methyl) and calculated two discriminating functions which allowed verification of chestnut in the finishing diet. PMID:23911930

Lorenzo, José M; Franco, Daniel; Carballo, Javier

2013-07-17

54

Inclusion Body Myositis  

MedlinePLUS

NINDS Inclusion Body Myositis Information Page Table of Contents (click to jump to sections) What is Inclusion Body Myositis? ... Trials Organizations Additional resources from MedlinePlus What is Inclusion Body Myositis? Inclusion body myositis (IBM) is one ...

55

A cyclodextrin host-guest recognition approach to a label-free electrochemical DNA hybridization biosensor.  

PubMed

A novel label-free electrochemical DNA hybridization biosensor using a ?-cyclodextrin/poly(N-acetylaniline)/carbon nanotube composite modified screen printed electrode (CD/PNAANI/CNT/SPE) has been developed. The proposed DNA hybridization biosensor relies on the intrinsic oxidation signals of guanine (G) and adenine (A) from single-stranded DNA entered into the cyclodextrin (CD) cavity. Due to the binding of G and A bases to complementary cytosine and thymine bases in dsDNA, the signals obtained for ssDNA were much higher than that of dsDNA. The synergistic effect of the multi-walled carbon nanotubes provides a significantly enhanced voltammetric signal, and the CD encapsulation effect makes anodic peaks of G and A shift to less positive potentials than that at the bare SPE. The peak heights of G and A signals are dependent on both the number of the respective bases in oligonucleotides and the concentration of the target DNA sequences. Hybridization of complementary strands was monitored through the measurements of oxidation signal of purine bases, which enabled the detection of target sequences from 0.01 to 1.02 nmol ?l(-1) with the detection limit of target DNA as low as 5.0 pmol ?l(-1) (S/N = 3). Implementation of label-free and homogeneous electrochemical hybridization detection constitutes an important step toward low-cost, simple, highly sensitive and accurate DNA assay. Discrimination between complementary, noncomplementary, and two-base mismatch targets was easily accomplished using the proposed electrode. PMID:22398413

Abbaspour, Abdolkarim; Noori, Abolhassan

2012-03-08

56

Inclusion and Museums: Developing Inclusive Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Recent policy on inclusion has had an impact on the development of museum galleries and related educational provision. Museums are used as learning organisations and, as such, need to consider how to create an inclusive environment. However, inclusive provision for people with learning difficulties in museums tends to be isolated and small scale,…

Shepherd, Hannah

2009-01-01

57

Enhanced analysis of triterpenes, flavonoids and phenolic compounds in Prunella vulgaris L. by capillary zone electrophoresis with the addition of running buffer modifiers  

Microsoft Academic Search

A cyclodextrin-modified capillary zone electrophoresis method was developed for the separation and determination of three isomeric compounds (ursolic acid, oleanolic acid and betulinic acid), caffeic acid, p-coumaric acid, rosmarinic acid, rutin and quercetin. Without the addition of ?-cyclodextrin (?-CD) and methanol, the separation of these analytes was poorly resolved. These eight compounds, however, were well separated from each other within

Hon-Yeung Cheung; Qing-Feng Zhang

2008-01-01

58

The Inclusion Inventory  

Microsoft Academic Search

While several studies have investigated the effects of inclusive education on children receiving special education services, less effort has been directed toward assessing implementation of inclusive educational practices. This article describes development of the Inclusion Inventory, a 90-item tool designed to survey educators' perceptions of inclusive educational practices in their school. Administration of the Inventory to 2,763 respondents from 72

Heather Becker; Greg Roberts; Shelley Dumas

2000-01-01

59

Development of a cyclodextrin-based nasal delivery system for lorazepam.  

PubMed

A new drug delivery system containing hydroxypropyl-beta-cyclodextrin (HP-beta-CD) and a mucoadhesive polymer was developed with the aim to overcome the limitations connected with the nasal application of drugs with low water solubility. Lorazepam, free or as cyclodextrin inclusion complex, was loaded into mucoadhesive microparticles by spray drying, using hydroxypropylmethyl cellulose (HPMC), carbomer, and HPMC/carbomer interpolymer complex (IPC) as mucoadhesive components. Differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) indicated the presence of drug crystalline areas in microparticles loaded with free lorazepam, whereas in those loaded with HP-beta-CD inclusion complex, the drug was amorphous. Zeta potential measurement revealed that the polymer was the main component on the surface of the microparticles. The swelling rate and mucoadhesive properties of the microparticles were determined by the polymer type used in formulation. IPC- and carbomer-based microparticles showed superior swelling rate and mucoadhesion compared with the HPMC-based microparticles (p < .05). Drug loading into the polymer matrix decreased the swelling rate as well as the mucoadhesive properties of microparticles (p < .05), whereas the presence of HP-beta-CD in the matrix did not induce any additional reduction of those parameters (p > .05). The in vitro dissolution studies demonstrated that the microparticles containing the lorazepam inclusion complex displayed 1.8-2.5 times faster drug release compared with those containing free lorazepam. The change in the drug release rate could be connected with improved drug solubility inside the polymer matrix due to inclusion complex formation, as well as to the reduction in crystallinity following complexation, as confirmed by DSC studies. PMID:18622800

Jug, Mario; Be?irevi?-La?an, M

2008-08-01

60

Demystifying inclusion: implications for sustainable inclusive practice  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper argues that in the pursuit of influencing inclusive education development, definitions of inclusion have been promulgated that remain a distant concept in the minds of the most significant partners in this process, i.e. teachers and schools. This is despite best efforts to share ideas for sustainable change based on such definitions. Based on the author’s experience of being

Sulochini Pather

2007-01-01

61

Trace level determination of enantiomeric monoterpenes in terrestrial plant emission and in the atmosphere using a ?-cyclodextrin capillary column coupled with thermal desorption and mass spectrometry  

Microsoft Academic Search

For the first time, enrichment on solid sorbents followed by thermal desorption has been used for the determination of the enantiomeric signature of monoterpenes in the gaseous emission of terrestrial plants. A ?-cyclodextrin capillary column has been used for the separation of critical pairs. The temperature program and column loading were optimized for making the accurate quantification of individual enantiomers

Noureddine Yassaa; Enzo Brancaleoni; Massimiliano Frattoni; Paolo Ciccioli

2001-01-01

62

Documenting Your Inclusion Efforts.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper briefly addresses critical issues in documenting studies of the effectiveness of inclusive education for students with disabilities and includes a summary table of the existing literature and guidelines for problem solving about inclusion. The importance of sound methodology in documenting effects of inclusion and the dangers of value…

Fritz, Marie F.; Miller, Maury

63

Towards Inclusive Schooling  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Social inclusion is the process that will enable every person in society to participate in normal activities of societies they live in, including education, employment, public services and social recreational activities. For the development of an inclusive society, preparation of younger generation also needs to be inclusive. Our schools must…

Gafoor, K. Abdul

2010-01-01

64

The Full Inclusion Movement.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Overviews background of the movement toward full inclusion of special education students into regular classrooms, including legal issues and successful educational practices. Suggests that full inclusion does not benefit all students and that inclusion should be one of several alternatives to meeting students' educational needs. Of approximately…

Machado, Rodney E.; And Others

1996-01-01

65

Microbial inclusions with special reference to PHA inclusions and intracellular boundary envelopes.  

PubMed

Polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHAs), in the form of metabolic storage reserves, are assembled in intracellular cytoplasmic inclusions, often called granules. This review discusses both the structure and function of this assembly. In addition an overview of other microbial cellular inclusions is presented. This is not a compilation of all such structures but a description of those that are similar in many ways to either the structure or function of the PHA inclusions and are made up of monolayer envelopes and their storage compounds. Not unique, such inclusions provide many similar examples which, in turn, provide useful analogies to the PHA inclusions. A study of the PHA inclusions has been carried out in a comparative electron microscope examination and by protein analysis of a number of organisms and E. coli transformants. PMID:10416646

Fuller, R C

66

What counts as inclusion?  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the years since the publication in South Africa of White Paper Six: Special needs education (Department of Education (DoE) 2001) various schools in the state and independent sectors have begun to implement inclusive policies and practices. With reference to the Guidelines for full-service\\/inclusive schools issued in 2009, and by discussing a definition of inclusion, this article addresses the challenge

E. Walton; N. Nel

2012-01-01

67

Molecular cloning of a cyclodextrin glucanotransferase gene from alkalophilic Bacillus sp. TS1-1 and characterization of the recombinant enzyme  

Microsoft Academic Search

A cyclodextrin glucanotransferase (CGTase) gene from Bacillus sp. TS1-1 was isolated and cloned into Escherichia coli. Starting from TTG codon, there was an open reading frame composed of 2163bp (721 amino acids). The NH2 terminal position encoded a 46-amino acid of a signal peptide and followed by the mature enzyme (675 amino acids). The deduced amino acid sequence of the

Kamalesh Rahman; Osman Hassan; Nik Azmi Nik Mahmood; Noor Aini Abdul Rashid

2006-01-01

68

What is "Inclusion"?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper presents principles for inclusion of students with disabilities in regular education classrooms, organized around the following aspects: inclusion versus mainstreaming, service delivery, planning and curriculum development, best practices, and training. Among the principles discussed are: students are members of age-appropriate general…

Neary, Tom; Halvorsen, Ann

69

The Challenge of Inclusion  

Microsoft Academic Search

The integration or inclusion of young children with disabilities into public school and community-based educational and child care programs is a topic of importance to the range of personnel working in early intervention\\/early childhood special education. This paper takes the position that many of these personnel embrace inclusion at the conceptual level but ignore or discount its implications at the

DIANE BRICKER

1995-01-01

70

Inclusive quasielastic deuteron production  

Microsoft Academic Search

It is argued that the measurement of the inclusive quasielastic deuteron production cross section coming from intermediate energy nucleus bombarding nuclei is of considerable theoretical interest. The inclusivity of the measurement leads to simplifications and allows a quasiclassical description to be used. A simple, heuristic, and quantum mechanically well defined formula is derived which includes for the first time a

E. A. Remler; A. P. Sathe

1978-01-01

71

The Inclusion Facilitator's Guide  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Inclusion facilitators are educators who do more than teach children with disabilities--they advocate for change in schools and communities, sparking a passion for inclusion in teachers, administrators, and families and giving them the practical guidance they need to make it work. This is an essential new role in today's schools, and this guide…

Jorgensen, Cheryl M.; Schuh, Mary C.; Nisbet, Jan

2005-01-01

72

Grappling with Inclusion Confusion?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines six issues that can make or break an inclusion program (commitment, flexible scheduling, working as a team, making modifications, classroom setup, and believing in the students). Information is provided on statistics on inclusion by state, percentages of students with various disabilities in regular classrooms, and resources and…

Golomb, Kristen Girard; Hammeken, Peggy

1996-01-01

73

Conclusions on Inclusion  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An inclusion classroom is defined as one that is tasked with mainstreaming special education students into a population of general education students. In this brief article, the author, a high school mathematics teacher, shares his personal experiences in teaching in an inclusion classroom. A primary focus is his relationship with the special…

Fink, John

2004-01-01

74

Inclusive Mathematics Classrooms  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the author explores the theme of inclusion. Inclusion is one of the themes within the recent Qualifications and Curriculum Authority (QCA) publication: "Engaging mathematics for all learners" and the author had the good fortune to participate in this project. This involved working with five schools which, frivolously, all had a…

Ollerton, Mike

2009-01-01

75

The Inclusion Facilitator's Guide  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Inclusion facilitators are educators who do more than teach children with disabilities--they advocate for change in schools and communities, sparking a passion for inclusion in teachers, administrators, and families and giving them the practical guidance they need to make it work. This is an essential new role in today's schools, and this guide…

Jorgensen, Cheryl M.; Schuh, Mary C.; Nisbet, Jan

2005-01-01

76

Embracing inclusive teacher education  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines the extent to which initial teacher education (ITE) programmes contribute to the development of inclusive attitudes, values and practices. Inclusive education is the entitlement of all children and young people to quality education, irrespective of their differences or dispositions. It is about embracing educational values of equity, diversity and social justice. The data which underpins this paper

Anne Moran

2007-01-01

77

Mafic inclusions in granites  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

There will be a special session on Mafic Inclusions in Granites at the 1988 AGU Fall Meeting in San Francisco. The session, called to commemorate the 60th anniversary of Adolph Pabst's classic work, Observations on Inclusions in the Granitic Rocks of the Sierra Nevada, will examine the different types of mafic inclusions in granite with particular emphasis on their significance and origin. Contributions are encouraged on a broad range of topics pertaining to mafic inclusions in granites, including isotopic, experimental, geochemical, petrological, and field studies of inclusions in volcanic and plutonic rocks.Persons interested in making oral or poster presentations should contact the convenors, Robert S. Hildebrand, Geological Survey of Canada, 588 Booth Street, Ottawa, Ontario, K1A 0E4 Canada or Wayne N. Sawka, Lawrence Livermore Laboratories L-201, PO Box 808, Livermore, CA 94550.

78

School and Inclusive Practices  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Over the past 20 years, there has been an imperative in most Western countries to accommodate students with special learning\\u000a needs in regular education settings. Inclusion has become the catchword that epitomizes the notion of equality and opportunity\\u000a in social and scholarly domains. It would seem logical that the adoption of inclusion as a systemic policy would lead to significant

Adrian F. Ashman

79

Modular Crystalline Hosts Derived from Mandelic Acid. Host Synthesis, Inclusion Formation, and Xray Crystal Structures of Two Free Hosts and One Inclusion Complex with Methanol  

Microsoft Academic Search

Six new host compounds 2–5 (a, b) in optically resolved and racemic forms derived from mandelic acid and having particular lateral substituents were synthesized. Their properties in crystalline inclusion formation were studied and discussed relative to the unsubstituted parent molecules 1 (a, b). Crystal structures of two optically resolved free host compounds (2a, 3a) and of a respective methanol inclusion

Edwin Weber; Orm Hager; Concepcion Foces-foces; Antonio L. Llamas-saiz

1998-01-01

80

Adaptation and inclusive fitness.  

PubMed

Inclusive fitness theory captures how individuals can influence the transmission of their genes to future generations by influencing either their own reproductive success or that of related individuals. This framework is frequently used for studying the way in which natural selection leads to organisms being adapted to their environments. A number of recent papers have criticised this approach, suggesting that inclusive fitness is just one of many possible mathematical methods for modelling when traits will be favoured by natural selection, and that it leads to errors, such as overemphasising the role of common ancestry relative to other mechanisms that could lead to individuals being genetically related. Here, we argue that these suggested problems arise from a misunderstanding of two fundamental points: first, inclusive fitness is more than just a mathematical 'accounting method' - it is the answer to the question of what organisms should appear designed to maximise; second, there is something special about relatedness caused by common ancestry, in contrast with the other mechanisms that may lead to individuals being genetically related, because it unites the interests of genes across the genome, allowing complex, multigenic adaptations to evolve. The critiques of inclusive fitness theory have provided neither an equally valid answer to the question of what organisms should appear designed to maximise, nor an alternative process to unite the interest of genes. Consequently, inclusive fitness remains the most general theory for explaining adaptation. PMID:23845249

West, Stuart A; Gardner, Andy

2013-07-01

81

Novel inclusion in laser crystals  

SciTech Connect

In growing alexandrite crystals, a novel inclusion has been found. The inclusions are quantitatively analyzed by an electronic probe and the mechanism for forming inclusions is suggested. In our Bridgman MgF/sub 2/ crystals, the inclusions in <001> direction have also been observed.

Ma Xiaoshan; Wang Siting; Jin Zhongru; Shen Yafang; Chen Jiaguang

1986-12-01

82

Towards Specifying with Inclusions  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this article we present a functional specification language based on inclusions between set expressions.\\u000a\\u000aInstead of computing with data individuals we deal with their classification into sets.\\u000a\\u000aThe specification of functions and relations by means of inclusions can be considered as a generalization of the conventional algebraic specification by means of equations.\\u000a\\u000aThe main aim of this generalization is

Jaume Agustí i Cullell; Jordi Puigsegur i Figueras; Wernher Marco Schorlemmer

1970-01-01

83

Formation, Spectroscopic Characterization, and Solution Stability of an [Fe4S4]2+ Cluster Derived from a ?-Cyclodextrin Dithiolate  

PubMed Central

The formation and solution properties, including stability in mixed aqueous-Me2SO media, have been investigated for an [Fe4S4]2+ cluster derived from a ?-cyclodextrin (CD) dithiolate. Clusters of the type [Fe4S4(SAr)4]2? (Ar = Ph, C6H4-3-F) are generated in Me2SO by redox reactions of [Fe4S4(SEt)4]2? with 2 equiv of ArSSAr. An analogous reaction with the intramolecular disulfide of 6A,6D-(3-NHCOC6H4-1-SH)2-6A,6D-dideoxy-?-cyclodextrin (14), whose synthesis is described, affords a completely substituted cluster formulated as [Fe4S4{?-CD-(3-NHCOC6H4-1-S)2}2]2? (15). Ligand binding is indicated by a circular dichroism spectrum and also by UV/visible and isotropically shifted 1H NMR spectra and redox behavior convincingly similar to [Fe4S4(SPh)4]2?. One formulation of 15 is a single cluster to which two dithiolates are bound, each in bidentate coordination. There being no proven precedent for this binding mode, we show that the cluster [Fe4S4(S2-m-xyl)2]2? is a single cubane whose m-xylyldithiolate ligands are bound in a bidentate arrangement. This same structure type was proposed for a cluster formulated as [Fe4S4{?-CD-(1,3-SC6H4-S)2}2]2? (16; Kuroda et al., J. Am. Chem. Soc. 1988, 110, 4049–4050) and reported to be water-stable. Clusters 15 and 16 are derived from a similar ligands differing only in the spacer group between the thiolate binding site and the CD platform. In our search for clusters stable in aqueous or organic-aqueous mixed solvents that are potential candidates for reconstitution of scaffold proteins implicated in cluster biogenesis, 15 is the most stable cluster we have thus far encountered under anaerobic conditions in the absence of added ligand.

Lo, Wayne; Zhang, Ping; Ling, Chang-Chun; Huang, Shaw; Holm, R. H.

2012-01-01

84

Epitaxial protein inclusion in sinapic acid crystals  

Microsoft Academic Search

The authors report on the inclusion of protein molecules in growing crystals of trans-3,5-dimethoxy-4-hydroxy-cinnamic acid (trans-sinapic acid). This material is important as the 'matrix' compound in matrix-assisted lasar desorption, a promising new ion source for heavy molecule mass spectrometry. The crystal structure of trans-sinapic acid was determined. It belongs to the space group P21\\/n and has a structure in which

R. C. Beavis; J. N. Bridson

1993-01-01

85

Peer Tutoring for Inclusion  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Peer tutoring is a pedagogical technique that has promise to improve outcomes for students with a disability within existing resource constraints. Published empirically-based papers on peer-tutoring were descriptively analysed. Synthesis of these studies revealed that peer tutoring is effective in inclusive physical education contexts. Evidence…

Temple, Viviene A.; Lynnes, Michelle D.

2008-01-01

86

Approximate Inclusion-Exclusion  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Inclusion-Exclusion formula expresses the size of a union of a family of sets in terms of the sizes of intersections of all subfamilies. This paper considers approximating the size of the union when intersection sizes are known for only some of the subfamilies, or when these quantities are given to within some error, or both.

Nathan Linial; Noam Nisan

1990-01-01

87

Positive Inclusion Experiences.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This guide focuses on the use of low-end technology to make education more inclusive for children and adolescents with disabilities. The definition of "assistive technology" is discussed, and low-end technology is defined as simple modification/adaptation of toys and games, design and construction of simple switching devices, and the adaptation/…

Ensign, Arselia, Ed.

1996-01-01

88

Science Education and Inclusion  

Microsoft Academic Search

Inclusion is a relatively new trend in the goal towards educating students with disabilities within the general education classroom. There are varying opinions about the advantages and limitations of placing students with special needs in a general science classroom. The action research reviews of literature and survey analysis were conducted to provide a more current assessment of the status of

Laura Cottongim

89

Building Inclusive Schools. [Videotapes.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This set of four short videocassettes promotes the use of promising practices advocating fully inclusive education for students with diverse learning abilities in their neighborhood schools. The first video, titled "Seven Steps to Problem Solving," presents a problem-solving process that empowers teams to work together to meet diverse students'…

Kansas Univ., Parsons. Schiefelbusch Inst. for Life Span Studies.

90

Inclusion complex of aprepitant with cyclodextrin: evaluation of physico-chemical and pharmacokinetic properties.  

PubMed

Objective: Aprepitant (APR) is a water insoluble drug approved for the treatment of chemotherapy induced nausea and vomiting (CINV) and post-operative nausea and vomiting (PONV). The innovator Emend(®) is a formulation incorporating drug nanoparticles with good bioavailability (~67%). The objective of the current work was to evaluate the feasibility of formulating a cyclodextrin complex of APR with enhanced solubility/dissolution rate and concomitantly bioavailability. Methods: The complex was prepared using two approaches: kneading and slurry method. The formulated complex was evaluated using DSC, XRPD and FT-IR studies. Results: DSC, XRPD and FT-IR studies confirmed the interaction of ?-cyclodextrin with APR indicating formation of a true complex wherein the drug was encapsulated in the cyclodextrin cavity (inclusion phenomenon). In addition to inclusion complexation, non inclusion phenomenon viz., interaction among hydroxyl groups of cyclodextrin and APR was also observed. The saturation solubility and dissolution rate of drug complex was higher than that of aprepitant API. The rate (Cmax) and extent of absorption (AUC) of APR from the complex were found to be comparable to that of Emend(®) (Reference product). Conclusion: These studies established that cyclodextrin complexation may provide another viable and cost effective option for enhancing solubility and bioavailability of APR. PMID:23240730

Ridhurkar, Devendra N; Ansari, Khalid Akhter; Kumar, Deepak; Kaul, Neeraj S; Krishnamurthy, T; Dhawan, Sanju; Pillai, Raviraj

2012-12-17

91

Inclusion. Inclusive ECCD: A Fair Start for All Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Young children with special needs should be served within inclusive early childhood programs. Quality Early Childhood Care and Development (ECCD) programs provide a model to use when developing inclusive programs for children of all ages. This theme issue of "Coordinator's Notebook" focuses on the development of inclusive ECCD programs. The…

Evans, Judith L.; Ilfeld, Ellen M., Ed.; Hanssen, Elizabeth, Ed.

1998-01-01

92

Inclusion. Inclusive ECCD: A Fair Start for All Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Young children with special needs should be served within inclusive early childhood programs. Quality Early Childhood Care and Development (ECCD) programs provide a model to use when developing inclusive programs for children of all ages. This theme issue of "Coordinator's Notebook" focuses on the development of inclusive ECCD programs. The…

Evans, Judith L.; Ilfeld, Ellen M., Ed.; Hanssen, Elizabeth, Ed.

1998-01-01

93

Developing Inclusive Teachers from an Inclusive Curricular Perspective  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article defines inclusive education in light of the Education for All agenda. It then describes key considerations for developing inclusive teachers from the perspective of an inclusive curriculum which seeks to address the needs of all learners. It concludes by outlining several key policy discussion areas which must be addressed if…

Opertti, Renato; Brady, Jayne

2011-01-01

94

Renal pathophysiologic role of cortical tubular inclusion bodies.  

PubMed

Renal tubular inclusion bodies are rarely associated with drug administration. The authors describe the finding of renal cortical tubular intranuclear and intracytoplasmic inclusion bodies associated with the oral administration of a norepinephrine/serotonin reuptake inhibitor (NSRI) test article in Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats. Rats were given an NSRI daily for 4 weeks, and kidney histopathologic, ultrastructural pathology, and immunohistochemical examinations were performed. Round eosinophilic intranuclear inclusion bodies were observed histologically in the tubular epithelial cells of the renal cortex in male and female SD rats given the NSRI compound. No evidence of degeneration or necrosis was noted in the inclusion-containing renal cells. By ultrastructural pathology, inclusion bodies consisted of finely granular, amorphous, and uniformly stained nonmembrane-bound material. By immunohistochemistry, inclusion bodies stained positive for d-amino acid oxidase (DAO) protein. In addition, similar inclusion bodies were noted in the cytoplasmic tubular epithelial compartment by ultrastructural and immunohistochemical examination.  This is the first description of these renal inclusion bodies after an NSRI test article administration in SD rats. Such drug-induced renal inclusion bodies are rat-specific, do not represent an expression of nephrotoxicity, represent altered metabolism of d-amino acids, and are not relevant to human safety risk assessment. PMID:22700649

Radi, Zaher A; Stewart, Zachary S; Grzemski, Felicity A; Bobrowski, Walter F

2012-06-14

95

Normalizing difference in inclusive teaching.  

PubMed

Inclusion practices and special education can be transformed by using a disability studies perspective, which constructs differences as natural, acceptable, and ordinary. Although inclusion is a moral imperative in promoting social justice, some inclusive practices continue to marginalize students with disabilities. A truly inclusive school reflects a democratic philosophy whereby all students are valued, educators normalize difference through differentiated instruction, and the school culture reflects an ethic of caring and community. PMID:15586471

Baglieri, Susan; Knopf, Janice H

96

Prokaryote Inclusions: Descriptions and Discoveries  

Microsoft Academic Search

Spherical inclusions were observed in a “colorless egg-shaped alga” in 1786, but were not identified as sulfur until 1875.\\u000a The discovery of additional inclusions required improvements to the light microscope. Thus, cyanophycin, polyphosphate, lipid,\\u000a and glycogen inclusions were not observed until late in the nineteenth century and insecticidal protein crystals in 1915.\\u000a Polyhydroxybutyrate was identified as a lipid inclusion in

Jessup M. Shively

97

Removal of inclusions from silicon  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The removal of inclusions from molten silicon is necessary to satisfy the purity requirements for solar grade silicon. This paper summarizes two methods that are investigated: (i) settling of the inclusions followed by subsequent directional solidification and (infiltration by ceramic foam filters. Settling of inclusions followed by directional solidification is of industrial importance for production of low-cost solar grade silicon. Filtration is reported as the most efficient method for removal of inclusions from the top-cut silicon scrap.

Ciftja, Arjan; Engh, Thorvald Abel; Tangstad, Merete; Kvithyld, Anne; Øvrelid, Eivind Johannes

2009-11-01

98

Testosterone in a Cyclodextrin-Containing Formulation: Behavioral and Physiological Effects of Episode-like Pulses in Rats  

Microsoft Academic Search

Testosterone, administered in the form of an inclusion complex with 2-hydroxypropyl-ß-cyclodextrin by subcutaneous injection, enters the circulation in a manner markedly similar to the natural episodic release by the testes. The effects of a regimen of once-a-day administration of complexed testosterone to adult (castrated or intact) rats and to senescent (intact) rats were investigated. Although this procedure left the castrated

George T. Taylor; Jürgen Weiss; Josef Pitha

1989-01-01

99

Full Inclusion: Dream or Reality?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Recently, a major debate has arisen between full-inclusion advocates and their critics. Morse maintains that full inclusion is the only way to ensure that mandates of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act are carried out. Santos argues that inclusion must be tempered by alternative arrangements that best serve an individual child's…

Morse, Timothy E.; Santos, Karen

1995-01-01

100

Promoting a Lifetime of Inclusion  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this article is to assist parents and professionals in developing effective educational programs that promote a lifetime of successful inclusion for individuals With severe disabilities. We first establish the principle of normalization as the philosophical basis of inclusion. We next describe conditions and practices that reflect the principle of normalization and that foster inclusion across the life

Adelle Renzaglia; Meagan Karvonen; Erik Drasgow; Craig C. Stoxen

2003-01-01

101

Assistive Technology & Inclusion. Issue Brief.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper uses a case study of the inclusion of a deaf-blind child with cognitive disabilities to explain principles of applying assistive technology in inclusive educational settings. The 12-year-old's progress from a special school four years previously to full inclusion is recounted with emphasis on use of such adaptive equipment as adapted…

Sax, Caren; And Others

102

Autism and the Inclusion Mandate.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Traces an autistic boy's steps through the school day and examines the impact of the federal inclusion mandate on children with disabilities. States that the first step toward implementing inclusion properly is to improve the training of teachers, and that the goals and effectiveness of inclusion must be determined by each child's individual…

Dybvik, Ann Christy

2004-01-01

103

The Relationship between School Culture and Inclusion: How an Inclusive Culture Supports Inclusive Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Analyzes the educational practices that contribute to the success of a model inclusion program at the Connolly Elementary School focusing on the school culture. Identifies three components of the Connolly school culture that contributed to the success of inclusion. Suggests that a school's culture should be understood when implementing inclusion.…

Zollers, Nancy J.; Ramanathan, Arun K.; Yu, Moonset

1999-01-01

104

Policies of Inclusion  

PubMed Central

The racial politics of immigration have punctuated national discussions about immigration at different periods in US history, particularly when concerns about losing an American way of life or American population have coincided with concerns about infectious diseases. Nevertheless, the main theme running through American immigration policy is one of inclusion. The United States has historically been a nation reliant on immigrant labor and, accordingly, the most consequential public policies regarding immigration have responded to disease and its economic burdens by seeking to control the behavior of immigrants within our borders rather than excluding immigrants at our borders.

Fairchild, Amy L.

2004-01-01

105

Inclusion body myositis.  

PubMed

Sporadic inclusion body myositis (IBM) is the most common idiopathic inflammatory myopathy (IIM) after age 50 years. It presents with chronic insidious proximal leg and distal arm asymmetric muscle weakness. Despite similarities with polymyositis (PM), it is likely that IBM is primarily a degenerative disorder rather than inflammatory muscle disease. IBM is associated with a modest degree of creatine kinase (CK) elevation and an electromyogram (EMG) demonstrates a chronic irritative myopathy. Muscle histopathology demonstrates endomysial inflammatory exudates surrounding and invading non-necrotic muscle fibers often times accompanied by rimmed vacuoles. We review IBM with emphasis on recent developments in the field and discuss ongoing clinical trials. PMID:23250766

Dimachkie, Mazen M; Barohn, Richard J

2013-01-01

106

Cyclodextrin formation by the thermostable alpha-amylase of Thermoanaerobacterium thermosulfurigenes EM1 and reclassification of the enzyme as a cyclodextrin glycosyltransferase.  

PubMed Central

Extensive characterization of the thermostable alpha-amylase of Clostridium thermosulfurogenes EM1, recently reclassified as Thermoanaerobacterium thermosulfurigenes, clearly demonstrated that the enzyme is a cyclodextrin glycosyltransferase (CGTase). Product analysis after incubation of the enzyme with starch revealed formation of alpha-, beta-, and gamma-cyclodextrins, as well as linear sugars. The specific activity for cyclization of this CGTase was similar to those of other CGTases, whereas the specific activity for hydrolysis was relatively high in comparison with other CGTases. Alignment of the amino acid sequence of the T. thermosulfurigenes enzyme with sequences from known bacterial CGTases showed high homology. The four consensus regions of carbohydrate-converting enzymes, as well as a C-terminal raw-starch binding motif, could be identified in the sequence.

Wind, R D; Liebl, W; Buitelaar, R M; Penninga, D; Spreinat, A; Dijkhuizen, L; Bahl, H

1995-01-01

107

Inclusive and Exclusive |Vub|  

SciTech Connect

The current status of the determinations of CKM matrix element |V{sub ub}| via exclusive and inclusive charmless semileptonic B decays is reviewed. The large datasets collected at the B-Factories, and the increased precision of theoretical calculations have allowed an improvement in the determination of |V{sub ub}|. However, there are still significant uncertainties. In the exclusive approach, the most precise measurement of the pion channel branching ratio is obtained by an untagged analysis. This very good precision can be reached by tagged analyses with more data. The problem with exclusive decays is that the strong hadron dynamics can not be calculated from first principles and the determination of the form factor has to rely on light-cone sum rules or lattice QCD calculations. The current data samples allow a comparison of different FF models with data distributions. With further developments on lattice calculations, the theoretical error should shrink to reach the experimental one. The inclusive approach still provides the most precise |V{sub ub}| determinations. With new theoretical calculations, the mild (2.5{sigma}) discrepancy with respect to the |V{sub ub}| value determined from the global UT fit has been reduced. As in the exclusive approach, theoretical uncertainties represent the limiting factor to the precision of the measurement. Reducing the theoretical uncertainties to a level comparable with the statistical error is challenging. New measurements in semileptonic decays of charm mesons could increase the confidence in theoretical calculations and related uncertainties.

Petrella, Antonio; /Ferrara U. /INFN, Ferrara

2011-11-17

108

Inclusive education: pushing the boundaries  

Microsoft Academic Search

This special issue is introduced. The issue draws together a selection of articles uniting theoretical and field research\\u000a dealing with the notion of inclusive education and the challenges encountered in the policy-making and implementation processes.\\u000a These articles represent diverse, multifaceted theoretical, disciplinary and methodological approaches to inclusion. Throughout\\u000a the issue, inclusion is seen as a guiding principle, helping to accomplish

Clementina Acedo; UNESCO IBE

2008-01-01

109

Gas chromatographic analysis of volatiles in fluid and gas inclusions  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Most geological samples and some synthetic materials contain fluid inclusions. These inclusions preserve for us tiny samples of the liquid and/or the gas phase that was present during formation, although in some cases they may have undergone significant changes from the original material. Studies of the current composition of the inclusions provide data on both the original composition and the change since trapping. These inclusions are seldom larger than 1 millimeter in diameter. The composition varies from a single major compound (e.g., water) in a single phase to a very complex mixture in one or more phases. The concentration of some of the compounds present may be at trace levels. We present here some analyses of inclusions in a variety of geological samples, including diamonds. We used a sample crusher and a gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) system to analyze for organic and inorganic volatiles present as major to trace constituents in inclusions. The crusher is a hardened stainless-steel piston cylinder apparatus with tungsten carbide crusing surfaces, and is operated in a pure helium atmosphere at a controlled temperature. Samples ranging from 1 mg to 1 g were crushed and the released volatiles were analyzed using multi-chromatographic columns and detectors, including the sensitive helium ionization detector. Identification of the GC peaks was carried out by GC-MS. This combination of procedures has been shown to provide geochemically useful information on the process involved in the history of the samples analyzed. ?? 1984.

Andrawes, F.; Holzer, G.; Roedder, E.; Gibson, Jr. , E. K.; Oro, J.

1984-01-01

110

Inclusion in the East: Chinese Students' Attitudes towards Inclusive Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A sample of 523 Chinese university students was given a questionnaire on their attitudes towards the inclusion of children with disabilities into regular classrooms. Factor analysis, analysis of variance, t-test and correlations were used to assess the respondents' general attitude towards inclusion, the factor structure of the attitudes, the…

Malinen, Olli-Pekka; Savolainen, Hannu

2008-01-01

111

Principals Influence Culture of Inclusion.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Three New American High Schools (in Pittsburgh, Baltimore, and Greenbelt, Maryland) have successfully replaced the special-education culture of separation with a culture of inclusion. A large part of moving from self-contained practices to inclusion was helping students become self-advocates, so that the world outside school and home would not…

King, Sophia

2000-01-01

112

The Educational Challenges Inclusion Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Ninety parents of children (mean age 9.3 years) with Down syndrome and their children's teachers were surveyed to investigate the success of inclusive practices. This study examined responses on parent and teacher questionnaires and parent anecdotal records. Several factors influenced parent reports of successful inclusion experiences, including:…

Wolpert, Gloria

113

Inclusion: Who Wins? Who Loses?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This presentation paper reviews concerns regarding the inclusion of students with disabilities in regular education classrooms. Misunderstandings of the student placement requirements of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act are discussed, as are misunderstandings regarding the difference between mainstreaming and inclusion. The lack of…

LoVette, Otis K.

114

Inclusive practice: a biographical approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

For the past decades, inclusive educational practice has developed to be a guiding political vision in Norway as in several other Western countries. In this article, we are concerned with how the ideal of inclusive practice is realized in one particular classroom. Ann is the homeroom teacher for a third-grade class and in her class she has two boys with

Torill Moen; Sigrun Gudmundsdottir; Annlaug Flem

2003-01-01

115

PROMOTING INCLUSION IN SECONDARY CLASSROOMS  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although less frequently represented in the literature, inclusion on the secondary level represents a significant challenge for educators. Of particular concern are issues of academic com- plexity, pace of instruction, teacher attitudes, and the potential consequences of high-stakes testing. In this article, we first review the characteristics of effective inclusive classrooms and then dis- cuss these characteristics with reference to

Margo A. Mastropieri; Thomas E. Scruggs

2001-01-01

116

Biblical Justice and Inclusive Education  

Microsoft Academic Search

Despite that fact that inclusion of students with special educational needs in the general education classroom has become more prevalent, concerns continue about the practice from special educators, regular class teachers, administrators, and parents. This article suggests that serving students who have a disability in inclusive settings is a way to live out justice and embody reconciliation. An understanding of

David W. Anderson

2010-01-01

117

Inclusion Body Myositis  

PubMed Central

Sporadic inclusion body myositis (IBM) is a muscle disease with two separate pathogenic components, degeneration and inflammation. Typically, nonnecrotic myofibers are focally surrounded and invaded by CD8+ T cells and macrophages. Both attacked and nonattacked myofibers express high levels of human leukocyte antigen class I (HLA-I) molecules, a prerequisite for antigen presentation to CD8+ T cells. However, only a subgroup of HLA-I+ myofibers is attacked by immune cells. By using IHC, we classified myofibers from five patients with sporadic IBM as attacked (AIBM) or nonattacked (NIBM) and isolated the intracellular contents of myofibers separately by laser microdissection. For comparison, we isolated myofibers from control persons (HCTRL). The samples were analyzed by microarray hybridization and quantitative PCR. HLA-I up-regulation was observed in AIBM and NIBM, whereas HCTRL were negative for HLA-I. In contrast, the inducible chain of the interferon (IFN) ? receptor (IFNGR2) and several IFN-?–induced genes were up-regulated in AIBM compared with NIBM and HCTRL fibers. Confocal microscopy confirmed segmental IFNGR2 up-regulation on the membranes of AIBM, which positively correlated with the number of adjacent CD8+ T cells. Thus, the differential up-regulation of the IFN-? signaling cascade observed in the attacked fibers is related to local inflammation, whereas the ubiquitous HLA-I expression on IBM muscle fibers does not require IFNGR expression.

Ivanidze, Jana; Hoffmann, Reinhard; Lochmuller, Hanns; Engel, Andrew G.; Hohlfeld, Reinhard; Dornmair, Klaus

2011-01-01

118

Len Barton, Inclusion and Critical Disability Studies: Theorising Disabled Childhoods  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Len Barton has pioneered the sociological study of education in the areas of disability studies and inclusive education. This paper addresses an argument developed by Len Barton that social exclusion, of which disablism is one element, (1) has many compounding forms of differing exclusions, (2) is not a natural but a socially constructed process,…

Goodley, Dan; Runswick-Cole, Katherine

2010-01-01

119

Len Barton, Inclusion and Critical Disability Studies: Theorising Disabled Childhoods  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Len Barton has pioneered the sociological study of education in the areas of disability studies and inclusive education. This paper addresses an argument developed by Len Barton that social exclusion, of which disablism is one element, (1) has many compounding forms of differing exclusions, (2) is not a natural but a socially constructed process,…

Goodley, Dan; Runswick-Cole, Katherine

2010-01-01

120

Characterisation and properties of the inclusion complex of 24-epibrassinolide with ?-cyclodextrin  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reports the first study of an inclusion complex of abrassinosteroid with ß-cyclodextrin. The formation of inclusion complexesbetween 24-epibrassinolide and ß-cyclodextrin was confirmed by theirphysicochemical properties and the compounds were analysed by differentialscanning calorimetry, powder X-ray diffraction, nuclear magnetic resonancespectrometry and scanning electron microscopy. Theoretical calculations usingthe MM+ HyperChem force field showed a preference for inclusion of thesidechain of

M. B. M. De Azevedo; M. A. T. Zullo; J. B. Alderete; M. M. M. De Azevedo; T. J. G. Salva; N. Durán

2002-01-01

121

Inclusion and Its Effects on Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

Inclusion is being implemented in schools across the nation (National Study of Inclusive Education, 1994). Schools are restructuring their general and special education programs because performance in our nation's schools has been poor. Inclusion advocates believe that the inclusion philosophy will improve education for both the general and special education student (An Inclusion Talkback, 1996). However, there is much disagreement

Kay E. Walker; OvingtonJuneA

1999-01-01

122

Radial scaling in inclusive and semi-inclusive distributions  

Microsoft Academic Search

It has recently been shown that data from 10 GeV\\/c to 1500 GeV\\/c lab momenta for the inclusive reactions p p-->cX (c=pi+\\/-, K+\\/-, p, p¯) are consistent with scaling in terms of xR (?2Es) and PT. In this note, we discuss some elementary consequences of this observation. A straightforward extension of the above scaling property to the semi-inclusive distributions is

Mahendra Pratap; Jacques Schlesinger

1975-01-01

123

Genetics Home Reference: Inclusion body myopathy 2  

MedlinePLUS

... OMIM Genetic disorder catalog Conditions > Inclusion body myopathy 2 On this page: Description Genetic changes Inheritance Diagnosis ... Reviewed December 2008 What is inclusion body myopathy 2? Inclusion body myopathy 2 is a condition that ...

124

Inclusion bodies: a new concept  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the last decades, the understanding of inclusion body biology and consequently, of their properties and potential biotechnological applications have dramatically changed. Therefore, the development of new purification protocols aimed to preserve those properties is becoming a pushing demand.

Elena García-Fruitós

2010-01-01

125

Inclusion complexes of ?-cyclodextrin and the cisplatin analogues oxaliplatin, carboplatin and nedaplatin: A theoretical approach  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Quantum mechanics theoretical methodology has been applied in order to access and compare the relative stability of inclusion compounds formed by ?-CD and the platinum (II) based drugs carboplatin, oxaliplatin and nedaplatin. The relative stability of the studied inclusion compounds has been discussed based on the number and type of hydrogen bonds identified between host and guest molecules. The evaluated energies at B3LYP/6-31G? level of theory strongly indicates that ?-CD forms stable supramolecular systems with all studied cisplatin analogues, being the carboplatin@?-CD found as the most favorable inclusion complex among the platinum (II) derivatives studied in the present paper.

Anconi, Cleber P. A.; da Silva Delgado, Luciano; Alves Dos Reis, João B.; de Almeida, Wagner B.; Costa, Luiz Antônio S.; Dos Santos, Hélio F.

2011-10-01

126

[Thermodynamically controlled deracemization utilizing inclusion complexation].  

PubMed

Utilizing host-guest inclusion complexation in the solid state, alpha-monosubstituted ketones were deracemized using optically active host compounds such as (-)-trans-2,3-bis(hydroxydiphenylmethyl)-1,4-dioxaspiro[5.4]decene (1a) under alkali conditions. This new method afforded optically active alpha-monosubstituted ketones in excellent yields with high enantiomeric excesses. For example, (+/-)-2-benzylcyclohexanone (2a) and (+/-)-3-benzylhexan-2-one (3c) were converted to the R-isomer (74% ee) and the S-isomer (96% ee), respectively, in quantitative yields. An x-ray crystallographic study elucidated the structure of the inclusion complex of 1a and (R)-2a. The study showed that the host molecules 1a ingeniously includes the guest molecule (R)-2a via hydrogen bonding and van der Waals interactions. As an application of deracemization, coenzyme (R)-alpha-lipoic acid and (R)-(-)-epilachnene, the antipode of an defensive droplets from the Mexican bean beetle, Epilachna varivestis, were synthesized in short steps with>99% ee and 87% ee, respectively. PMID:18827463

Kaku, Hiroto

2008-10-01

127

Photoelastic investigation of crack-inclusion interaction  

Microsoft Academic Search

An experimental procedure is presented for determining the mode I stress-intensity factor of an edge crack with a nearby rigid elliptical inclusion in a finite plate loaded in uniform tension. The rigid inclusion was modeled by bonding two identical steel inclusions on to the faces of a thin plate of polycarbonate. Models were constructed with edge cracks and various inclusion

B. J. O'Toole; M. H. Santare

1990-01-01

128

Diverse Perspectives on Inclusive School Communities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|What is an inclusive school community? How do stakeholders perceive their roles and responsibilities towards inclusive school communities? How can school communities become more inclusive through engagement with individual perspectives? "Diverse Perspectives on Inclusive School Communities" captures and presents the voices of a wide range of…

Tsokova, Diana; Tarr, Jane

2012-01-01

129

Preclusion: The Solution to the Inclusion Confusion  

Microsoft Academic Search

Many public schools in the United States are implementing inclusion programs; however, some research has shown that students with disabilities are not benefiting from inclusion. Part of the difficulty with inclusion lies with the implementation practices of the schools. Stigmatizing by labeling a child is another concern; even through inclusion, ownership of the child is questionable. It is also illogical

Shepherd Terry L. Ed. D; BrownRandelD

2001-01-01

130

The Inclusion of Music/the Music of Inclusion  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The intention of this paper is to situate music within inclusive education. Intersections of music--widely regarded as a "talent" or hyperability--and disability provide unique perspectives on social organisation in general and human valuation in particular. Music is a ubiquitous and an essential component of learning beginning in infancy.…

Lubet, Alex

2009-01-01

131

The Inclusion of Music/the Music of Inclusion  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The intention of this paper is to situate music within inclusive education. Intersections of music--widely regarded as a "talent" or hyperability--and disability provide unique perspectives on social organisation in general and human valuation in particular. Music is a ubiquitous and an essential component of learning beginning in infancy.…

Lubet, Alex

2009-01-01

132

Special Teaching for Special Children? Pedagogies for Inclusion. Inclusive Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Some special needs groups (for example dyslexia) have argued strongly for the need for particular specialist approaches. In contrast, many proponents of inclusion have argued that "good teaching is good teaching for all" and that all children benefit from similar approaches. Both positions fail to scrutinise this issue rigorously and coherently,…

Lewis, Ann, Ed.; Norwich, Brahm, Ed.

2004-01-01

133

Special Teaching for Special Children? Pedagogies for Inclusion. Inclusive Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Some special needs groups (for example dyslexia) have argued strongly for the need for particular specialist approaches. In contrast, many proponents of inclusion have argued that "good teaching is good teaching for all" and that all children benefit from similar approaches. Both positions fail to scrutinise this issue rigorously and coherently,…

Lewis, Ann, Ed.; Norwich, Brahm, Ed.

2004-01-01

134

Azurophilic inclusions in plasma cells.  

PubMed

We report a 45-year-old man with complaints of chest pain and weight loss who was referred for a bone marrow/trephine procedure to the Aga Khan University Hospital. Bone marrow examination showed plasmacytosis of 95% with plasma cells containing coarse Auer rod-like azurophilic inclusions, which failed to stain positively with Sudan Black B or periodic acid Schiff stain. These inclusions have rarely been previously reported as they are more significant morphologically rather than having a prognostic value. PMID:19352556

Ali, N; Moiz, B

2009-03-01

135

Inclusions in tungsten and its alloys  

Microsoft Academic Search

1.A single strong discharge in an atmosphere of high-purity helium or air induces erosion of non-metallic inclusions in tungsten, which permits spectral analysis of the inclusion material extracted in the plasma and also facilitates observation of inclusions on microsections and microprobe analysis of them.2.The most erosion resistant inclusions in tungsten are carbides and oxide inclusions such as SiO2 and Al2O3.

E. M. Savitskii; K. B. Povarova; S. A. Skotnikov

1974-01-01

136

Classroom Management in Inclusive Settings  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The inclusion of children with disabilities in general education classes provides an opportunity for teachers to identify classroom management policies and practices that promote diversity and community. Community-building management strategies that facilitate friendships, collaboration, parent involvement, and address challenging behaviors in a…

Soodak, Leslie C.

2003-01-01

137

Developing Movement as Inclusive Pedagogy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article details the emergence of a training framework to support professional development in inclusive Movement teaching. This arose from a collaborative research project in spring 2008 (supported by the Training and Development Agency, UK), between two universities in England and Israel. Movement education is surprisingly underused globally,…

Peter, Melanie; Walter, Ofra

2010-01-01

138

Special education, inclusion and democracy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Initially, it is pointed out that adherents of a psycho?medical perspective often suggest exclusive solutions to special educational dilemmas and that such theorizing has been heavily attacked in past decades. However, it is argued that opposition of the psycho?medical understanding of special education runs the risk of blurring differences between researchers and practitioners who are more positive about inclusion. One

Claes Nilholm

2006-01-01

139

Recruiting for Success. Inclusiveness Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Since 1994, the Council of Graduate Schools has awarded the Peterson's Award for Innovation in Promoting an Inclusive Graduate Community to one graduate school each year for the leadership it has taken in modeling practices and programs for the graduate community as a whole. This volume, second in a series, describes effective strategies from…

Council of Graduate Schools, Washington, DC.

140

Achieving inclusion in Scottish schools  

Microsoft Academic Search

Traditionally, the Scottish education system has prided itself on promoting equality of educational opportunity and inclusion in its broadest sense. The most effective schools have always valued each child as an individual and constantly sought fresh ways to help realise ambition and develop talent to the full. However, significant numbers of young people leave compulsory education without the intellectual and

Graham Donaldson

141

Foreign Exchange: An Inclusion Strategy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines a relatively new form of cooperative learning, "foreign exchange," which is designed to maximize both cognitive and social development in students with and without disabilities in inclusive classrooms. The strategy is described, and an example of how it has been used is provided. (Author/CR)

Rieck, William A.; Wadsworth, Donna E. Dugger

1999-01-01

142

Inclusive Education and School Restructuring.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Perspectives on educating persons with disabilities and the move toward inclusive education and school restructuring are considered. Trends in the number of students with disabilities and placement patterns are briefly examined. Four categories of students that represent 95 percent of students served are identified: specific learning…

Lipsky, Dorothy Kerzner; Gartner, Alan

143

Inclusion in the Microsoft Workforce  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Since 1975, Microsoft has been a worldwide leader in software, services, and solutions that help people and businesses realize their full potential. Loren Mikola, the Disability Inclusion Program Manager at Microsoft, ensures that this technology also reaches and includes the special needs population and, through the hiring of individuals with…

Exceptional Parent, 2008

2008-01-01

144

Nova Model of Inclusive Reactions  

Microsoft Academic Search

A model for particle production is presented in which the features recently observed in inclusive distributions can be reproduced. The calculation emphasizes the role of resonance-like objects which are diffractively produced and decay mainly through cascade emission of pions. The cross section for producing these objects which we call novas is diffractive and does not depend on energy. As a

M. Jacob; R. Slansky

1972-01-01

145

Collaboration for Inclusion: Practitioner Perspectives  

Microsoft Academic Search

Collaboration as a cornerstone of effective school inclusion is an idea that has high theoretical currency among many scholars in the areas of special education and educational leadership. The challenge for educational practitioners is to find ways to implement high-quality special education programs collaboratively amid the public call for school efficiency and accountability. Accordingly, the primary purpose of the qualitative

Rebecca Smith; Pauline Leonard

2005-01-01

146

Hand in Hand: Technology Inclusion.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Through technology, students with disabilities are identifying new options for participation, exerting more control, making more choices, and interacting more effectively. Inclusion, as a policy and as a practice, is reducing the physical and social isolation encountered by individuals and families, broadening expectations, reducing limits, and…

Access Group, Atlanta, GA.

147

Primordial Compositions of Refractory Inclusions  

SciTech Connect

Bulk chemical and oxygen, magnesium and silicon isotopic compositions were measured for each of 17 Types A and B refractory inclusions from CV3 chondrites. After bulk chemical compositions were corrected for non-representative sampling in the laboratory, the Mg and Si isotopic compositions of each inclusion were used to calculate its original chemical composition assuming that the heavy-isotope enrichments of these elements are due to Rayleigh fractionation that accompanied their evaporation from CMAS liquids. The resulting pre-evaporation chemical compositions are consistent with those predicted by equilibrium thermodynamic calculations for high-temperature nebular condensates but only if different inclusions condensed from nebular regions that ranged in total pressure from 10{sup -6} to 10{sup -1} bar, regardless of whether they formed in a system of solar composition or in one enriched in OC dust relative to gas by a factor of ten relative to solar composition. This is similar to the range of total pressures predicted by dynamic models of the solar nebula for regions whose temperatures are in the range of silicate condensation temperatures. Alternatively, if departure from equilibrium condensation and/or non-representative sampling of condensates in the nebula occurred, the inferred range of total pressure could be smaller. Simple kinetic modeling of evaporation successfully reproduces observed chemical compositions of most inclusions from their inferred pre-evaporation compositions, suggesting that closed-system isotopic exchange processes did not have a significant effect on their isotopic compositions. Comparison of pre-evaporation compositions with observed ones indicates that 80% of the enrichment in refractory CaO + Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} relative to more volatile MgO + SiO{sub 2} is due to initial condensation and 20% due to subsequent evaporation for both Type A and Type B inclusions.

Grossman, L; Simon, S B; Rai, V K; Thiemens, M H; Hutcheon, I D; Williams, R W; Galy, A; Ding, T; Fedkin, A V; Clayton, R N; Mayeda, T K

2008-02-20

148

Inclusion  

Microsoft Academic Search

In a growing number of schools in the United States, it now is possible to walk into elementary, middle, and secondary classrooms and observe students who could be identified as having moderate and severe cognitive, physical, and emotional disabilities successfully receiving their education together with similar-aged classmates who have no identified special education needs (Falvey, 1995; Lipsky & Gartner, 1997;

Jacqueline Thousand; Richard A. Villa

2000-01-01

149

Volatile Release From The Siberian Traps Inferred From Melt Inclusions  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Siberian Traps Large Igneous Province is one of the largest known continental flood volcanic provinces in the Phanerozoic. The quantification of volatile degassing is particularly important because the Siberian Traps have often been invoked as a possible trigger for the end-Permian mass extinction (e.g. Campbell et al., 1992; Wignall, 2001). Volatile degassing provides a crucial mechanism to link mafic volcanic eruption with global environmental change. Mafic flood basalt magmas are expected to have low volatile contents (similar to mid-ocean ridge basalts). However, Siberian Traps magmas were chambered in and erupted through a thick sedimentary basin and may have interacted with, and obtained volatiles from, sedimentary lithologies such as limestone, coal, and evaporite. Melt inclusions from the Siberian Traps provide insight into the potential total volatile budget throughout the evolution of the large igneous province. These droplets of trapped melt may preserve volatile species that would otherwise have degassed at the time of eruption. We present data from the analysis of more than 100 melt inclusions, including both homogenized inclusions and rare glassy inclusions with low crystallinity. Many melt inclusions from tuffs and flows near the base of the Siberian Traps sequence are substantially enriched in chlorine and fluorine compared to Deccan Traps and Laki melt inclusions (Self et al., 2008; Thordarson et al., 1996). These inclusions record chlorine concentrations up to ~1400 ppm, and fluorine concentrations up to ~5000 ppm. Olivines from the Maymechinsky suite, recognized as the last extrusive products of Siberian Traps volcanism, contain melt inclusions with maximum sulfur concentrations in the range of ~5000 ppm and substantial concentrations of chlorine. Intrusive igneous rocks from the province also display significant volatile contents. A sill from the Ust-Ilimsk region yielded plagioclase-hosted melt inclusions which contain chlorine and fluorine concentrations in the range of one weight percent. Visscher et al. (2004) proposed that chlorofluorocarbon compounds (CFCs) may have played a major role in the terrestrial end-Permian extinction. These CFCs are powerful catalysts for the breakdown of ozone, a process which can expose the biosphere to increased ultraviolet radiation. Measurements of elevated chlorine and fluorine from the Siberian Traps may thus provide a concrete source for CFCs that could have triggered this kill mechanism.

Black, Benjamin A.; Elkins-Tanton, Linda T.; Rowe, Michael C.; Ukstins Peate, Ingrid

2010-05-01

150

Cyclodextrin Inclusion Polymers Forming Hydrogels  

Microsoft Academic Search

This chapter reviews the advances in the developments of supramolecular hydrogels based on the polypseudorotaxanes and polyrotaxanes\\u000a formed by inclusion complexes of cyclodextrins threading onto polymer chains. Both physical and chemical supramolecular hydrogels\\u000a of many different types are discussed with respect to their preparation, structure, property, and gelation mechanism. A large\\u000a number of physical supramolecular hydrogels were formed induced by

Jun Li

2009-01-01

151

Inclusive neutrino reactions in nuclei  

SciTech Connect

The charged current inclusive neutrino reaction cross section on a {sup 12}C target is obtained for electron neutrino energies from threshold to 100 MeV. An averaged cross section over the Michel spectrum is also obtained. The method here makes use of a tensor which describes the hadronic part of the interaction and which is obtained from total muon capture data and from electron scattering data in and around the giant dipole resonance. Applications to other nuclei are discussed.

Mintz, S.L.; Pourkaviani, M.

1993-04-01

152

Stability of discrete linear inclusion  

Microsoft Academic Search

Let M = {Ai} be a set of linear operators on Rn. The discrete linear inclusion DLI(M) is the set of possible trajectories (xi: i ? 0) such that xn = AinAin?1 … Ai1x0 where x0 ? Rn and Aij ? M. We study several notions of stability for DLI(M), including absolute asymptotic stability (AAS), which is that all products

Leonid Gurvits

1995-01-01

153

Measurement of inclusive  

Microsoft Academic Search

.   Inclusive photoproduction of mesons has been measured for photon-proton centre-of-mass energies in the range GeV and photon virtuality 1 GeV. The data sample used corresponds to an integrated luminosity of 37 pb. Total and differential cross sections as functions of the transverse momentum and pseudorapidity are presented in restricted kinematical regions and the data are compared with next-to-leading\\u000a order

M. Derrick; D. Krakauer; S. Magill; D. Mikunas; B. Musgrave; J. Repond; R. Stanek; R. L. Talaga; R. Yoshida; H. Zhang; M. C. K. Mattingly; F. Anselmo; P. Antonioli; G. Bari; M. Basile; L. Bellagamba; D. Boscherini; A. Bruni; G. Bruni; G. CaraRomeo; G. Castellini; L. Cifarelli; F. Cindolo; A. Contin; N. Coppola; M. Corradi; S. DePasquale; P. Giusti; G. Iacobucci; G. Laurenti; G. Levi; A. Margotti; T. Massam; R. Nania; F. Palmonari; A. Pesci; A. Polini; G. Sartorelli; Y. ZamoraGarcia; A. Zichichi; C. Amelung; A. Bornheim; I. Brock; K. Coboken; J. Crittenden; R. Dener; M. Eckert; M. Grothe; H. Hartmann; K. Heinloth; L. Heinz; E. Hilger; H.-P. Jakob; A. Kappes; U. F. Katz; R. Kerger; E. Paul; M. Pfeier; H. Schnurbusch; H. Wieber; D. S. Bailey; S. Campbell-Robson; W. N. Cottingham; B. Foster; R. Hall-Wilton; G. P. Heath; H. F. Heath; J. D. McFall; D. Piccioni; D. G. Ro; R. J. Tapper; H. H. Wills

1999-01-01

154

Dual properties of inclusive spectra  

Microsoft Academic Search

The dual properties of the inclusive reaction pi-p --> pX are studied over a wide energy range by exploiting the scaling behaviour. Semi-local duality is found to be well satisfied. An energy-dependent triple-Regge analysis reveals a strong triple-pomeron coupling. There is some evidence of an abnormal component in which diffractively produced resonances are dual to pomeron exchange. Combining duality with

Hong-Mo Chan; H. I. Miettinen; R. G. Roberts

1973-01-01

155

Preferential water loss from synthetic fluid inclusions  

Microsoft Academic Search

A fundamental question in most fluid inclusion studies is whether inclusions behave as compositionally closed systems after trapping, and, thus, represent samples of the fluid phase(s) present in the system at the time of their formation. This question was addressed in high-temperature laboratory experiments with synthetic fluid inclusions in quartz and it was found that at 825°C the inclusions exhibited

Donald L. Hall; S. Michael Sterner

1993-01-01

156

Inclusive Leadership and Social Justice for Schools  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article sketches out a framework for inclusive leadership. As one of the constellation of approaches to leadership and social justice, inclusive leadership is concerned first and foremost with inclusion, both in its processes and the ends for which it strives. It provides another lens to help those concerned with social justice recognize social injustice in communities and schools and

James Ryan

2006-01-01

157

Epizootiology of Erythrocytic Inclusion Body Syndrome  

Microsoft Academic Search

Coho salmon Oncorhynchus kisutch were infected artificially with the virus that causes erythrocytic inclusion body syndrome (EIBS). A specific and consistent time course of infection was demonstrated for inclusion body number and hematocrit values. At 12°C, the inclusions appeared approximately 11 d postinjection and were most common near day 21. Hematocrit values were lowest at day 28. By day 30,

S. C. Piacentini; J. S. Rohovec; J. L. Fryer

1989-01-01

158

Forging Inclusive Solutions: Experiential Earth Charter Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Forging Inclusive Solutions describes the aims, methodology and outcomes of Inclusive Leadership Adventures, an experiential education curriculum for exploring the Earth Charter. Experiential education builds meaningful relationships, skills, awareness and an inclusive community based on the Earth Charter principles. When we meet people where…

Hill, Linda D.

2010-01-01

159

Extremes of Inclusion: Too Much, Too Little.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated the inclusion of two children (age 7) in a general education classroom to illustrate the concepts of under inclusion and over inclusion. One child, who was found to be under included, rarely played with classmates on the playground and during "choice time" in class spent most of his time watching other children work or…

Seifert, Kelvin L.

160

Making Differences Ordinary in Inclusive Classrooms  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article addresses the need to make differences ordinary as inclusive school programs are developed and implemented. Qualities that are hallmarks of inclusive classrooms and that ensure that differences become an ordinary part of classroom practices are then addressed. These qualities ensure that supports provided in the inclusive classroom are as natural and unobtrusive as possible, arranging student schedules so

James Mcleskey; Nancy L. Waldron

2007-01-01

161

Preparing teachers for inclusive education in Cyprus  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this study, we explore the following questions: (a) How do Cyprus universities that educate teachers respond to the challenge of inclusive education? Are the programmes of these institutions designed on the basis of the principles of inclusive education? What are the barriers that prevent student teachers to develop inclusive practices? How universities could help their student teachers to develop

Panayiotis Angelides; Tasoula Stylianou; Paul Gibbs

2006-01-01

162

Inclusion: By Choice or by Chance?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper explores the development internationally of the inclusive education perspective. Inclusive education as a late modernity reform project is exemplified in the call for "Education for All". Despite the simplicity of its message, inclusion is highly contestable. We argue in this paper that the key questions raised by the concept of…

Armstrong, Derrick; Armstrong, Ann Cheryl; Spandagou, Ilektra

2011-01-01

163

Inclusive Education: Examining Equity on Five Continents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Despite the impressive growth of inclusive education around the world, questions and considerations about equity have been neglected. This edited volume makes a major contribution to the field of inclusive education by analyzing equity concerns that have emerged from the implementation of inclusive education models in nine nations on five…

Artiles, Alfredo J., Ed.; Kozleski, Elizabeth B., Ed.; Waitoller, Federico R., Ed.

2011-01-01

164

Extremes of Inclusion: Too Much, Too Little.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study investigated the inclusion of two children (age 7) in a general education classroom to illustrate the concepts of under inclusion and over inclusion. One child, who was found to be under included, rarely played with classmates on the playground and during "choice time" in class spent most of his time watching other children work or…

Seifert, Kelvin L.

165

The Elastic Field Outside an Ellipsoidal Inclusion  

Microsoft Academic Search

The results of an earlier paper are extended. The elastic field outside an inclusion or in- homogeneity is treated in greater detail. For a general inclusion the harmonic potential of a certain surface distribution may be used in place of the biharmonic potential used pre- viously. The elastic field outside an ellipsoidal inclusion or inhomogeneity may be expressed entirely in

J. D. Eshelby

1959-01-01

166

Inclusive education in Thailand: practices and challenges  

Microsoft Academic Search

In 2008, Thailand passed legislation on the educational provisions for students with disabilities to mandate the implementation of inclusive education. This article provides a historical overview of special education in Thailand and the emergence of inclusive education as it moves from policy to practice. To further identify the challenges faced in the implementation of inclusive education, this article reports the

Sermsap Vorapanya; Diane Dunlap

2012-01-01

167

Perspectives of inclusive education in Russia  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper discusses the issues of exclusion and inclusion of children with disabilities in educational policies. The background and context for inclusion in Russia is described, with a short overview of the history of special education and with the emphasis on the current legislative conditions for inclusion. The article analyzes peculiarities of the hidden curriculum in a Russian boarding school

Elena Iarskaia-Smirnova; Pavel Romanov

2007-01-01

168

Forging Inclusive Solutions: Experiential Earth Charter Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Forging Inclusive Solutions describes the aims, methodology and outcomes of Inclusive Leadership Adventures, an experiential education curriculum for exploring the Earth Charter. Experiential education builds meaningful relationships, skills, awareness and an inclusive community based on the Earth Charter principles. When we meet people where they…

Hill, Linda D.

2010-01-01

169

Compound Interest  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Albert Einstein called compound interest the 8th wonder of the world. Find out why compound interest and the time value of money are so important. What is Interest Click on the following link to read about the different types of interest. Loans and Interest So why learn about compound interest? Using time and interest to your advantage, you can make more money than you have ever dreamed of. See how the time value of ...

Riches, Ms.

2007-10-16

170

Carbocyclic compounds  

US Patent & Trademark Office Database

Novel carbocyclic compounds are described. The compounds generally comprise an acidic group, a basic group, a substituted amino or N-acyl and a group having an optionally hydroxylated alkane moiety. Pharmaceutical compositions comprising the inhibitors of the invention are also described. Methods of inhibiting neuraminidase in samples suspected of containing neuraminidase are also described. Antigenic materials, polymers, antibodies, conjugates of the compounds of the invention with labels, and assay methods for detecting neuraminidase activity are also described.

Bischofberger; Norbert W. (San Carlos, CA); Kim; Choung U. (San Carlos, CA); Lew; Willard (San Mateo, CA); Liu; Hongtao (Foster City, CA); Williams; Matthew A. (Foster City, CA)

1998-06-09

171

Recent patents on amylose-flavor inclusion complex nano particles preparation and their application.  

PubMed

Lipophilic and hydrophilic compounds that are solubilized in the form of nano-sized particles, or "nanoparticles", can be used in pharmacology, in the production of food additives, cosmetics, and agriculture, as well as in pet foods and veterinary products, amongst other uses. This review focuses on nanoparticles and methods for the production of soluble nanoparticles and, in particular, inclusion complexes of water-insoluble lipophilic and water-soluble hydrophilic organic materials, especially flavor compounds. The host molecule is namely V-amylose or modified starch molecule, which could form a cavity to fix or secure guest molecules. Thus, the V-amylose molecular properties and the molecular inclusion complex formation mechanism is firstly introduced, then amylose-other ingredients inclusion complex preparation and application are listed, finally amylose-flavor molecular inclusion complex preparations and its application have been overviewed. Through this review, it is concluded that amylose-small chemical molecule inclusion complexes, especially amylose-flavor inclusion complexes have a marvelous application prospect and have great significance to develop the nano-product application field. This paper reviews the recent patents on amylose-flavour inclusion complex nano particles preparation and their application. PMID:21846320

Feng, Tao; Zhuang, Hai N; Xiao, Zuo B; Tian, Huai X

2011-09-01

172

The Inclusion Inventory: A Tool To Assess Perceptions of the Implementation of Inclusive Educational Practices.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the development of Inclusion Inventory, a tool designed to survey educators' perceptions of inclusive educational practices in their schools. The survey was administered to 72 schools across a southwestern state. Respondents with experience in inclusive educational practices and those from schools where teams implemented inclusive

Becker, Heather; Roberts, Greg; Dumas, Shelley

2000-01-01

173

Neuronal Intranuclear Inclusion Disease Without Polyglutamine Inclusions in a Child  

PubMed Central

Neuronal intranuclear inclusion disease (NIID) is a rare and heterogeneous group of slowly progressive neurodegenerative disorders characterized by the widespread presence of eosinophilic neuronal intranuclear inclusions (NII) accompanied by a more restricted pattern of neuronal loss. We report here the pathologic findings in a 13-year-old boy who died after a 6-year clinical history of progressive ataxia, extrapyramidal manifestations, and lower motor neuron abnormalities. Histological evaluation of the brain revealed widespread NII in most neurons. Marked loss of cerebellar Purkinje cells and neurons in the dentate nucleus, red nucleus, and spinal cord anterior horns was accompanied by a modest astrocytosis. Because of the abundance of NII and the absence of a relationship between NII and neuronal loss or microglial activation, we conclude that loss of cerebellar, brainstem, and spinal cord neurons reflects selective neuronal vulnerability. NII were immunoreactive for ubiquitin, glucocorticoid receptor, and SUMO-1, a small, ubiquitin-like protein purportedly involved in protein transport and gene transcription. NII were non-reactive for polyglutamine (1C2), TATA binding protein, promyelocytic leukemia protein, heat shock protein 90, tau, alpha-synuclein, neurofilament, and beta amyloid. The moderate ubiquitin and strong SUMO-1 staining of NII in juvenile cases is the reverse of the pattern noted in adult diseases, suggesting the two age groups are pathogenically distinct. We suggest that juvenile NIID is a spinocerebellar brainstem ataxic disease possibly related to an abnormality in SUMOylation.

McFadden, Kathryn; Hamilton, Ronald L.; Insalaco, Sam J.; Lavine, Lawrence; Al-Mateen, Majeed; Wang, Guoji; Wiley, Clayton A.

2006-01-01

174

Neuronal intranuclear inclusion disease without polyglutamine inclusions in a child.  

PubMed

Neuronal intranuclear inclusion disease (NIID) is a rare and heterogeneous group of slowly progressive neurodegenerative disorders characterized by the widespread presence of eosinophilic neuronal intranuclear inclusions (NII) accompanied by a more restricted pattern of neuronal loss. We report here the pathologic findings in a 13-year-old boy who died after a 6-year clinical history of progressive ataxia, extrapyramidal manifestations, and lower motor neuron abnormalities. Histological evaluation of the brain revealed widespread NII in most neurons. Marked loss of cerebellar Purkinje cells and neurons in the dentate nucleus, red nucleus, and spinal cord anterior horns was accompanied by a modest astrocytosis. Because of the abundance of NII and the absence of a relationship between NII and neuronal loss or microglial activation, we conclude that loss of cerebellar, brainstem, and spinal cord neurons reflects selective neuronal vulnerability. NII were immunoreactive for ubiquitin, glucocorticoid receptor, and SUMO-1, a small, ubiquitin-like protein purportedly involved in protein transport and gene transcription. NII were non-reactive for polyglutamine (1C2), TATA binding protein, promyelocytic leukemia protein, heat shock protein 90, tau, alpha-synuclein, neurofilament, and beta amyloid. The moderate ubiquitin and strong SUMO-1 staining of NII in juvenile cases is the reverse of the pattern noted in adult diseases, suggesting the two age groups are pathogenically distinct. We suggest that juvenile NIID is a spinocerebellar brainstem ataxic disease possibly related to an abnormality in SUMOylation. PMID:15977647

McFadden, Kathryn; Hamilton, Ronald L; Insalaco, Sam J; Lavine, Lawrence; Al-Mateen, Majeed; Wang, Guoji; Wiley, Clayton A

2005-06-01

175

A Novel Method for Removing Sulfur Compounds from Light Oil by Molecular Recognition with ?-Cyclodextrin  

Microsoft Academic Search

Studies have been carried out aimed at recognizing ?-cyclodextrin as including sulfur compounds by competitive inclusion using phenolphthalein as a spectral probe. 1-Propanethiol was chosen as a model sulfur compound and the obtained results indicated that ?-CD could include 1-propanethiol and remove it from light oil. The time and the temperature of inclusion and the mass content of ?-CD in

Yan Sun; Daohong Xia; Yuzhi Xiang

2008-01-01

176

Chemical microsensors  

DOEpatents

An article of manufacture is provided including a substrate having an oxide surface layer and a selective thin film of a cyclodextrin derivative chemically bound upon said substrate, said film is adapted for the inclusion of a selected organic compound therewith. Such an article can be either a chemical sensor capable of detecting a resultant mass change from inclusion of the selected organic compound or a chemical separator capable of reversibly selectively separating a selected organic compound.

Li, DeQuan (Los Alamos, NM); Swanson, Basil I. (Los Alamos, NM)

1995-01-01

177

Pulmonary neuroendocrine tumors with nuclear inclusion.  

PubMed

Nuclear inclusion or pseudoinclusion is a peculiar cytological feature, and its recognition in appropriate clinicopathological settings can aid in the diagnosis of several disease entities. To the best of our knowledge, only 1 case of pulmonary neuroendocrine tumor (NET) with nuclear pseudoinclusion has been reported. A review of 227 patients who had undergone surgical resection for pulmonary NETs revealed 2 tumors with different mechanisms of nuclear inclusion. To explore the cause of nuclear inclusion, NET with nuclear inclusion was characterized immunohistochemically and ultrastructurally. Nuclear inclusions were observed in 2 of the 227 (0.9%) patients with pulmonary NETs. The first patient was a 46-year-old woman with small cell carcinoma. Tumor cells with nuclear inclusions were distributed focally. Ultrastructural analysis showed that these inclusions were pseudoinclusions. The second patient was a 62-year-old man with large-cell neuroendocrine carcinoma. Nuclear inclusions were observed in the focal area of the tumor. Immunohistochemical analysis revealed that the intra-nuclear materials consisted of biotin and aberrant cytoplasmic and nuclear accumulation of ?-catenin. Mutational analysis revealed a CTNNB1 gene mutation. Although very rare, diagnostic errors may be observed in cases of pulmonary NETs with nuclear inclusions. The mechanisms of nuclear inclusion differed, with one due to herniation of the cytoplasm into the nucleus (pseudoinclusion) and the other due to accumulation of biotin resulting from a CTNNB1 gene mutation. PMID:23896262

Kobayashi, Saori; Tsuta, Koji; Sekine, Shigeki; Yoshida, Akihiko; Sasaki, Naoshi; Shibuki, Yasuo; Sakurai, Hiroyuki; Watanabe, Shun-Ichi; Asamura, Hisao; Tsuda, Hitoshi

2013-07-08

178

Selective presence of ubiquitin in intracellular inclusions.  

PubMed Central

The authors have shown previously that ubiquitin, a protein involved in the degradation of short-lived and abnormal proteins, is present in several cytoplasmic inclusions of neurons. This study used a library of antibodies to ubiquitin and immunohistochemically examined for the presence of ubiquitin in nonviral intracytoplasmic inclusions that form in different cell types under various pathologic conditions. Membrane-bound lysosomal and nonlysosomal inclusions such as those of storage disease, Russell bodies, alpha-1-antitrypsin and alpha-fetoprotein as well as nonmembrane-bound inclusions were examined. Ubiquitin epitopes were detected in some of the nonmembrane-bound inclusions only. The ubiquitin-containing inclusions were the Rosenthal fibers, Mallory bodies, Crooke bodies, Lafora bodies, amyloid bodies, and the giant axons of giant axonal neuropathy. Nemaline bodies and the inclusions of juvenile digital fibromatosis, both of which contain actin and actinbinding proteins, did not show immunoreaction. These findings, as well as those of the previous study, show that the presence of ubiquitin in cellular inclusions is selective. The ubiquitin-containing inclusions are not membrane bound; they are fibrillary and most contain also intermediate filament-related proteins. The role of ubiquitin in the formation of these inclusions remains to be elucidated. Images Figure 1 Figure 2 Figure 3 Figure 4

Manetto, V.; Abdul-Karim, F. W.; Perry, G.; Tabaton, M.; Autilio-Gambetti, L.; Gambetti, P.

1989-01-01

179

Removal of Inclusions from Aluminum Through Filtration  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Filtration experiments were carried out using both an AlF3 slurry-coated and an uncoated Al2O3 ceramic foam filter to study the removal of nonmetallic inclusions and impurity elements. The results showed that the 30-ppi ceramic foam filter removed up to 85 pct inclusions from aluminum. Several pictures of two- and three-dimensional morphologies of both nonmetallic and intermetallics inclusions also have been presented. The following contributing mechanisms for the removal of nonmetallic inclusions in the deep-bed filtration mode are proposed: (1) collision with walls and interception effect and (2) the formation of both intermetallic and nonmetallic inclusion bridges during filtration. Fluid dynamics modeling of inclusion attachment to the filter walls showed that most inclusions, especially those with larger sizes, are entrapped at the upper part of the filter, whereas smaller inclusions are dispersed well throughout the filter. The calculated inclusions removal fractions for the 30-ppi filter showed that almost all inclusions >125 ?m are removed, and inclusions ~5 ?m in size are removed up to 85 pct. The interfacial energy between two collided same-size inclusions was calculated, indicating that a strong clustering of inclusions may result within the filter window. Magnesium impurities were removed up to 86 pct by the AlF3 slurry-coated filter. The filter acted in active filtration mode in addition to the contribution of the air oxidation of dissolved [Mg], which was calculated to be 13 pct. The total mass transfer coefficient of dissolved [Mg] to the reaction interface was calculated to be 1.15 × 10-6 m/s.

Damoah, Lucas Nana Wiredu; Zhang, Lifeng

2010-08-01

180

Organosulfur Compounds  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Quiz questions from the organic chemistry question bank provide students with an excellent opportunity to review key concepts. This set of questions focuses on organosulfur compounds, with a special emphasis on thiols and sulfides.

Reich, Ieva

2007-10-30

181

Cytomembranous inclusions in myelodysplastic syndrome.  

PubMed

A 56-year-old African-American man presented with fever of unknown origin and peripheral blood and bone marrow findings of myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS): refractory anemia with an excess of blasts in transformation that subsequently progressed to acute myeloblastic leukemia (AML). Ultrastructural study of two bone marrow specimens having the findings of MDS revealed frequent, large tubuloreticular structures (TRS) in lymphocytes, plasma cells, macrophages, and endothelial cells. Several cylindrical confronting cisternae (CCC) were present in macrophages and an endothelial cell. Two partially developed CCC were present in a plasma cell. TRS and CCC were not observed in eight subsequent bone marrow specimens obtained during the 9-month course of the AML. This is the first reported occurrence of TRS and CCC in MDS. These inclusions are probably related to an unidentified viral infection or possibly to cytokines released by the dysplastic hematopoietic cells. PMID:1332238

Guccion, J G; Schechter, G P; Zeller, J

182

Inclusive schooling policy: An educational detective story?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Since the publication of the Salamanca statement (UNESCO 1994), inclusive schooling has formed a growing part of the deliberations\\u000a of the special education community. Inclusive schooling research in Australia in the main continues to reproduce traditions\\u000a of the special education field, emphasising the dominant psychological perspectives that have been superimposed on inclusive\\u000a education discourses. At the fifth International Congress of

Julianne Moss

2003-01-01

183

Making the case for inclusive design.  

PubMed

This paper describes the University of Cambridge, Engineering Design Centre's (EDC) case for inclusive design, based on 10 years of research, promotion and knowledge transfer. In summary, inclusive design applies an understanding of customer diversity to inform decisions throughout the development process, in order to better satisfy the needs of more people. Products that are more inclusive can reach a wider market, improve customer satisfaction and drive business success. The rapidly ageing population increases the importance of this approach. The case presented here has helped to convince BT, Nestlé and others to adopt an inclusive approach. PMID:23538129

Waller, Sam; Bradley, Mike; Hosking, Ian; Clarkson, P John

2013-03-26

184

Supporting the development of more inclusive practices using the index for inclusion  

Microsoft Academic Search

Inclusion is a central issue for educational psychologists (EPs) today, yet they have often been portrayed as gatekeepers to special provision. One approach for EPs to promote more inclusive practices in schools is through the Index for Inclusion as a vehicle for consultation. This paper reports a study of EPs acting as “critical friends” to schools during the pilot project

Peter Hick

2005-01-01

185

More Policies, Greater Inclusion? Exploring the Contradictions of New Labour Inclusive Education Policy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The era of New Labour government has witnessed unprecedented growth in inclusive education policies. There is, however, limited evidence that policies have increased disabled children's inclusion. This article explores reasons for this contradiction. Drawing on sociological insights, it is argued that New Labour policies on inclusive education…

Roulstone, Alan; Prideaux, Simon

2008-01-01

186

Teaching inclusively: are secondary physical education student teachers sufficiently prepared to teach in inclusive environments?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: Contemporary British educational guidelines, such as the National Curriculum (NC) have adopted inclusivity in the way children with special educational needs (SEN) are taught. Therefore, inclusion has risen up the political agenda, resulting in more children with SEN being taught in mainstream environments. Empirical research has attempted to examine PE teacher's perceptions of inclusion. However, it is evident that

Janine Kim Coates

2011-01-01

187

Teaching inclusively: are secondary physical education student teachers sufficiently prepared to teach in inclusive environments?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: Contemporary British educational guidelines, such as the National Curriculum (NC) have adopted inclusivity in the way children with special educational needs (SEN) are taught. Therefore, inclusion has risen up the political agenda, resulting in more children with SEN being taught in mainstream environments. Empirical research has attempted to examine PE teacher's perceptions of inclusion. However, it is evident that

Janine Kim Coates

2012-01-01

188

Leadership for inclusion: conceptualising and enacting inclusion in integrated schools in a troubled society  

Microsoft Academic Search

Inclusion is increasingly understood as an educational reform that responds to the diversity of all learners, challenging the marginalisation, exclusion and underachievement which may result from all forms of ‘difference’. Leadership for inclusion is conceptualised here as driving a constant struggle to create shared meanings of inclusion and to build collaborative practice, an effort that needs to be rooted in

Claire McGlynn; Tim London

2011-01-01

189

More policies, greater inclusion? Exploring the contradictions of New Labour inclusive education policy  

Microsoft Academic Search

The era of New Labour government has witnessed unprecedented growth in inclusive education policies. There is, however, limited evidence that policies have increased disabled children’s inclusion. This article explores reasons for this contradiction. Drawing on sociological insights, it is argued that New Labour policies on inclusive education take their cues from wider neo?liberal constructions of social exclusion; ideas that point

Alan Roulstone; Simon Prideaux

2008-01-01

190

Older Women's Career Development and Social Inclusion  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper considers women's career development and the potential contribution of career development theory, research, practice and policy in advancing a social inclusion agenda. In particular, the paper focuses on older women in the contexts of an ageing population, labour market shortages and Australia's social inclusion agenda. Supporting…

McMahon, Mary; Bimrose, Jenny; Watson, Mark

2010-01-01

191

Inclusive Discourses in Early Childhood Education?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article explores the discursive formation of inclusion in early childhood education and after-school (recreation) centres in a Danish municipality. While inclusion has been a central educational issue in research and practice for well over quarter of a century, with continuing emphasis worldwide on "initiatives by governments", this interest…

Warming, Hanne

2011-01-01

192

Assistive Technology: Supporting Learners in Inclusive Classrooms  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Over the past 10 years, the numbers of students with physical disability who are being educated in inclusive or universal design for learning (UDL) classrooms have been increasing steadily. These students are expected to complete grade-level assignments, but not all of them are provided the necessary supports to do so. Many teachers in inclusive

Simpson, Cynthia G.; McBride, Rebecca; Spencer, Vicky G.; Lowdermilk, John; Lynch, Sharon

2009-01-01

193

Inclusion body myositis: old and new concepts  

Microsoft Academic Search

Inclusion body myositis (IBM) is the most common idiopathic inflammatory myopathy occurring in patients over the age of 50 years and probably accounts for about 30% of all inflammatory myopathies. Muscle biopsy characteristically reveals endomysial inflammation, small groups of atrophic fibres, eosinophilic cytoplasmic inclusions and muscle fibres with one or more rimmed vacuoles. However, any given biopsy may lack these

A A Amato; R J Barohn

2009-01-01

194

Inclusive discourses in early childhood education?  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article explores the discursive formation of inclusion in early childhood education and after?school (recreation) centres in a Danish municipality. While inclusion has been a central educational issue in research and practice for well over quarter of a century, with continuing emphasis worldwide on ‘initiatives by governments’, this interest has centred on the school environment and institutions of higher education.

2011-01-01

195

Moving Forward in Inclusive Education Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper aims to address conceptual and methodological challenges of doing research in the field of inclusive education and revisit school effectiveness research literature to inform future research. First, we present the rationale for inclusive education and briefly review the evolution of special needs education. Then, we discuss limitations…

Erten, Ozlem; Savage, Robert Samuel

2012-01-01

196

Leading under Pressure: Leadership for Social Inclusion  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this study we undertook to look at leadership issues specifically in relation to social inclusion, through a series of six case studies in three districts showing high levels of disadvantage. Findings indicated that schools' views on social inclusion could be typified as leaning towards three main orientations: (1) improving achievement and…

Muijs, Daniel; Ainscow, Mel; Dyson, Alan; Raffo, Carlo; Goldrick, Sue; Kerr, Kirstin; Lennie, Clare; Miles, Susie

2010-01-01

197

Inclusion and Education for All: Necessary Partners  

Microsoft Academic Search

Education for All (EFA) is the major educational reform of the early 21st century, and it provides a backdrop against which all other educational movements must be viewed. This applies to inclusive education no less than to other educational developments. This paper explores the relationship between inclusive education and EFA. It challenges the view that including pupils with disabilities in

Seamus Hegarty

198

Professional development for inclusive differentiated teaching practice  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this study a survey was developed in order to ascertain the beliefs of teachers in relation to differentiated instruction and inclusive teaching practices for students who experience difficulties with literacy. The survey was administered to 64 teachers in five participating primary schools. Teachers generally held positive beliefs about inclusion and differentiated teaching practice but 8 per cent of respondents

Wendy Scott; Fiona Spencer

2006-01-01

199

Faculty Preparedness to Build Cultural Inclusiveness  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Faculty members play a significant role in retaining diverse students, faculty, and staff on a college campus based on how culturally inclusive their behavior is. This research elucidates the development of a faculty inclusiveness survey, and tests it on a national random sample of 637 faculty members to determine how prepared they are to build…

Samuels, Dena Renee

2010-01-01

200

Inclusive Education Reform: Implications for Teacher Aides  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In Queensland, inclusive education reform is on the political agenda, following the report of the Ministerial Taskforce on Inclusive Education (students with disabilities) in 2004. The Government's responses to the initiatives outlined in the taskforce report emphasise a commitment to social justice and equity so that all students can be included…

Bourke, Patricia; Carrington, Suzanne

2007-01-01

201

Extremes of Inclusion: Too Much, Too Little.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Examined inclusion or making all children part of classroom life. Examined underinclusion, in which children remain on the fringe of the classroom community, and overinclusion, in which they are too involved in the social expectations of their classmates. Observations support appropriate amounts and forms of inclusion for optimal results. (DLH)|

Seifert, Kelvin L.

1999-01-01

202

Internship Selection: Inclusion and Exclusion Criteria  

Microsoft Academic Search

As an internship applicant, do you know what internship agencies look for to select or exclude you from further consideration? In a survey, the authors examined exclusion and inclusion criteria used at 402 internship sites accredited by the American Psychological Association (APA). The 249 respondents (62%) rated fit between applicant goals and site opportunities as the most important inclusion criteria.

Emil R. Rodolfa; Richard Vieille; Peter Russell; Sukhvender Nijjer; Dao Q. Nguyen; Mary Mendoza; Lori Perrin

1999-01-01

203

Refractory inclusions in the Allende meteorite  

Microsoft Academic Search

The literature on the coarse-grained inclusions of the Allende meteorite is reviewed, with attention given to petrography and major minerals, micromineralogy and microtextures, bulk chemical composition, and isotopic composition. It is concluded that the coarse-grained inclusions provide evidence for a supernova explosion that occurred just before condensation, for incompletely homogenized material from several nucleosynthetic sources, and for solar nebular regions

L. Grossman

1980-01-01

204

The Sustainability of Inclusive School Reform  

Microsoft Academic Search

FoT ovev u dccude. University of Florida researchers worked with middle schools in a Urge urban and suburban south Florida district, as they developed and then worked to sustain inclusive reform. One middle school Socrates, was notably successful, having built its inclusion model on a foundation of previous reform and a school culture characterized by shared decision making, collaboration, and

PAUL T. SINDELAR; DEIRDRE K. SHEARER; DIANE YENDOL-HOPPEY; TODD W. LIEBERT

205

Inclusive Schooling in Australia? Not yet!  

Microsoft Academic Search

A cursory reading of Australian state and territory departments' policy statements together with the 1992 Federal Disability Anti Discrimination Act may lead observers to conclude that Australian schooling has enthusiastically embraced the spirit and the practice of inclusive education. This paper argues that schools, despite deflective language and procedural arrangements, predominantly are exclusive institutions. ‘Inclusion’, ‘integration’ and ‘main? streaming’ are

Roger Slee

1996-01-01

206

Making Education for All Inclusive: Where Next?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper argues that a common sense of purpose around inclusive education, together with a consistent use of language, is essential if Education for All (EFA) strategies are to become more inclusive. This does not require the introduction of new techniques; rather it involves: collaboration within and between schools, closer links between…

Ainscow, Mel; Miles, Susie

2008-01-01

207

Inclusion chemistry in periodic mesoporous hosts  

Microsoft Academic Search

This review provides an overview of different aspects of inclusion chemistry in ordered mesoporous host materials such as MCM-41 or MCM-48 (Mobil codes). A rich field of inclusion chemistry has been explored in this context, including sorption, ion exchange, inhibition followed by reduction, grafting of reactive metal alkoxides, halides, etc., grafting of silane coupling agents (sometimes followed by subsequent reactions),

Karin Moller; Thomas Bein

1998-01-01

208

Social Inclusion and Critical Consciousness in Australia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Australia's Indigenous population is excluded from a range of opportunities, experiences and amenities that facilitate wellbeing, self-determination and social inclusion. This social exclusion constrains the career development and occupational attainment of Indigenous youth, which represent key routes to societal inclusion. Critical…

Diemer, Matthew A.; Ortega, Lilyana

2010-01-01

209

Inclusive education in Malaysia: policy and practice  

Microsoft Academic Search

Malaysia's move towards inclusion was given impetus by its participation in workshops and conferences set up under the auspices of the United Nations (UNESCO 1990; UN 1993; UNESCO 1994). Inclusive education was introduced in the Education Act 1996 as part of the continuum of services available for children with special needs. The purpose of this paper is to discuss the

Zalizan M. Jelas; Manisah Mohd Ali

2012-01-01

210

Inclusive Education: A Servant-Leadership Perspective  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The concept of inclusive education is common to the Canadian educational system and involves service to the students. According to Young and Levin, "The provision of appropriate education to meet the needs of each student is increasingly accepted as a right in Canadian education." Bloom, Perlmutter and Burnell define inclusion as "a philosophy…

Crippen, Carolyn

2005-01-01

211

Inclusion: A Catalyst for School Reform  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article tells the story of one elementary school faculty who responded to the call for accountability by adopting an inclusive view and implementing educational practices where all students were welcomed and considered valuable, contributing members of the school community. The inclusion of students with disabilities in the general education setting did not negatively impact the accountability measures for the

Keith J Hyatt; Ana C. DaSilva Iddings; Scott Ober

2005-01-01

212

What's Working: Topics in Inclusive Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This newsletter focuses on what works in inclusive education. A major article is "Inclusive Education: Needs of Minnesota Families--Major Findings from a 'Together We're Better' Study." This article presents findings of a statewide survey of families of children with disabilities. Findings are categorized within four areas: (1) educational…

What's Working, 1994

1994-01-01

213

Guided Reading in Inclusive Middle Years Classrooms  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Teachers in inclusive classrooms are challenged to provide reading instruction for students with a wide range of instructional levels. This article reports on the implementation of guided reading in four middle years inclusive classrooms, the impact on student engagement and reading progress, and teacher perspectives on the guided reading…

Lyons, Wanda; Thompson, Scott Anthony

2012-01-01

214

Leading under pressure: leadership for social inclusion  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this study we undertook to look at leadership issues specifically in relation to social inclusion, through a series of six case studies in three districts showing high levels of disadvantage. Findings indicated that schools' views on social inclusion could be typified as leaning towards three main orientations: (1) improving achievement and qualifications for all; (2) overcoming barriers to learning

Daniel Muijs; Mel Ainscow; Alan Dyson; Carlo Raffo; Sue Goldrick; Kirstin Kerr; Clare Lennie; Susie Miles

2010-01-01

215

Some Considerations on Inclusive Education in Sweden  

Microsoft Academic Search

In social science, the complexity of the concepts of integration and inclusion has lead to extensive debates. Integration and, recently, inclusion has been used frequently in the debate about children with disabilities in schools. The frequent use of the concepts has not resulted in a consensus as to their content. On the contrary, the multitude of meanings attached to them

Dimitris Michailakis

216

Beyond Prejudice: Inclusive Learning in Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Promoting an inclusive learning environment that caters for all learners and their individual needs and meeting challenging targets set in this area is a huge under taking for providers across the learning and skills sector. This booklet provides an overview that illustrates the breadth and variety that the broad banner of inclusive learning…

Smith, Vikki; Armstrong, Anne

2005-01-01

217

Bringing Culturally Inclusive Scholarship Into the Classroom  

Microsoft Academic Search

There are currently several initiatives on campus that raise awareness of the importance of cultural inclusion in academic life. These include the Diversity Inclusion Research Institute (DIRI), the Office of Teaching and Learning, BSC Project Compass, and the Peer Cognate Professional Development Program to name a few. This panel seeks to explore, through open, facilitated discussion with panelists from these

Ann Brunjes; David Almeida; Jeanne Aurelio; Sabrina Gentlewarrior; Ellen Ingmanson; Erin OConnor

2009-01-01

218

Foreign ExchangeAn Inclusion Strategy  

Microsoft Academic Search

The inclusion of students with disabilities in the general classroom setting can be beneficial to all students. Some teachers have expressed concerns about the types of accommodations that may be needed for successful inclusion. Cooperative learning has been shown to be helpful for most students with disabilities as well as for students without disabilities. This article examines a relatively new

William A. Rieck; Donna E. Dugger Wadsworth

1999-01-01

219

Adolescents and Inclusion: Transforming Secondary Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Written with teachers, administrators, and students of Purcell Marian High School in Cincinnati, Ohio, this book is grounded in a 2-year action research project that created an inclusive high school. Chapter 1 provides snapshots of interactions in an inclusive high school and refutes some of the concerns expressed by teachers and administrators.…

Bauer, Anne M.; Brown, Glenda Myree

220

Inclusive Schooling Policy: An Educational Detective Story?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Since the publication of the Salamanca statement (UNESCO 1994), inclusive schooling has formed a growing part of the deliberations of the special education community. Inclusive schooling research in Australia in the main continues to reproduce traditions of the special education field, emphasising the dominant psychological perspectives that have…

Moss, Julianne

2003-01-01

221

Exposing Conditional Inclusive Ideologies through Simulated Interactions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This manuscript examines how teacher candidates enacted their extensive inclusive classroom preparation within simulated interactions. Diffusing a common medical education pedagogy to teacher education, the researchers situated inclusively-trained teacher candidates in front of standardized paraprofessionals. Data from these simulated…

Dotger, Benjamin; Ashby, Christine

2010-01-01

222

Inclusive Programming for Students with Autism  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Although autism varies from one child to another, there are several common key factors to creating a successful inclusion program. In this article, the author discusses the factors in inclusion program that works for all. These factors include: (1) Appropriate Placement; (2) Teacher and Paraprofessional Selection; (3) Parental Involvement; (4)…

Crisman, Belinda W.

2008-01-01

223

The Sustainable Development of Inclusive Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The advent of inclusive education has quietly changed the ecology of Hong Kong's educational system. Inclusive education is a product of education in the developed Western nations and has spread at the instigation of international organizations. It is a plan for educational development that is based on the concepts of human rights and peace and…

Lo, Leslie Nai-kwai

2007-01-01

224

MULTIAGE INSTRUCTION AND INCLUSION: A Collaborative Approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article describes a multiage classroom led by three co- teachers who facilitate the education of 42 students ages six through nine years. The classroom is located in a public school district that practices inclusion and subscribes to the principles of whole schooling. A literature review defines the concepts of co- teaching, multiage education, and inclusion and demonstrates how the

Shannon K. Stuart; Mary Connor; Karin Cady; Alicia Zweifel

225

Full inclusion and students with autism  

Microsoft Academic Search

The concept of “full inclusion” is that students with special needs can and should be educated in the same settings as their normally developing peers with appropriate support services, rather than being placed in special education classrooms or schools. According to advocates the benefits of full inclusion are increased expectations by teachers, behavioral modeling of normally developing peers, more learning,

Gary B. Mesibov; Victoria Shea

1996-01-01

226

Early Childhood Inclusion: Focus on Change.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Early childhood inclusion is a field characterized by a philosophy and practice that encourages full participation of children with disabilities and their families in everyday activities with their typically developing peers. Noting that success in inclusion endeavors requires substantial changes in the way our society thinks, feels, and acts,…

Guralnick, Michael J., Ed.

227

Inclusive Education: Is This Horse a Trojan?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In Canada and elsewhere, governments are expending considerable effort in the production of inclusive education policy texts, resources allocation models, and programs. The author notes that despite of the analytic power and the political intent of inclusive education as a counterpoint to special education, its appropriation is imminent if not…

Slee, Roger

2006-01-01

228

Social Inclusion and Critical Consciousness in Australia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Australia's Indigenous population is excluded from a range of opportunities, experiences and amenities that facilitate wellbeing, self-determination and social inclusion. This social exclusion constrains the career development and occupational attainment of Indigenous youth, which represent key routes to societal inclusion. Critical…

Diemer, Matthew A.; Ortega, Lilyana

2010-01-01

229

Older Women's Career Development and Social Inclusion  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper considers women's career development and the potential contribution of career development theory, research, practice and policy in advancing a social inclusion agenda. In particular, the paper focuses on older women in the contexts of an ageing population, labour market shortages and Australia's social inclusion agenda. Supporting young…

McMahon, Mary; Bimrose, Jenny; Watson, Mark

2010-01-01

230

Encapsulation of ethylene gas into ?-cyclodextrin and characterisation of the inclusion complexes  

Microsoft Academic Search

Molecular encapsulation of various apolar compounds with ?-cyclodextrin (?-CD) is becoming a widely applied technique to produce food, pharmaceutical and agricultural materials. Encapsulated ethylene in the form of inclusion complexes (ICs) with cyclodextrin, which is in powder form, could be used in fruit ripening and other aspect of plant growth regulation. In this research, ethylene was complexed with an ?-CD

Binh T. Ho; Daryl C. Joyce; Bhesh R. Bhandari

2011-01-01

231

THE (-)-GOSSYPOL-2,4-PENTANEDIONE (1:2) INCLUSION COMPLEX  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

(-)-Gossypol and 2,4-pentanedione form an inclusion complex in a one-to-two molar ratio. The compound crystallizes in the tetragonal P41212 space group and has unit cell dimensions of a = b = 10.9966(7) Å and c = 60.213(4) Å. Both solvent molecules are in the enol form and occupy two distinct cavi...

232

Hamiltonian inclusive fitness: a fitter fitness concept.  

PubMed

In 1963-1964 W. D. Hamilton introduced the concept of inclusive fitness, the only significant elaboration of Darwinian fitness since the nineteenth century. I discuss the origin of the modern fitness concept, providing context for Hamilton's discovery of inclusive fitness in relation to the puzzle of altruism. While fitness conceptually originates with Darwin, the term itself stems from Spencer and crystallized quantitatively in the early twentieth century. Hamiltonian inclusive fitness, with Price's reformulation, provided the solution to Darwin's 'special difficulty'-the evolution of caste polymorphism and sterility in social insects. Hamilton further explored the roles of inclusive fitness and reciprocation to tackle Darwin's other difficulty, the evolution of human altruism. The heuristically powerful inclusive fitness concept ramified over the past 50 years: the number and diversity of 'offspring ideas' that it has engendered render it a fitter fitness concept, one that Darwin would have appreciated. PMID:24132089

Costa, James T

2013-10-16

233

Metallic compounds  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary 1.The chemical interaction between metals or between metals and metalloids, which results in the formation of various substances having metallic properties, is characterized essentially by the formation of metallic solutions and metallic compounds.2.The chemical resemblance. and differences between metallic elements, which are associated with the dispositions of the elements in the same or different group of the periodic system,

I. I. Kornilo

1953-01-01

234

Inclusive alpha-production cross section for the Li6+Zr90 system at energies near the fusion barrier  

Microsoft Academic Search

Inclusive (direct+compound) alpha production for the Li6+Zr90 system is measured at near barrier energies, namely, 15,17,19,21,25, and 30 MeV. The data are treated in the statistical model and distorted-wave Born approximation framework to disentangle the degree of competition between direct and compound reaction channels. A substantial contribution from the compound reaction channels is obtained but the direct reaction channels are

H. Kumawat; V. Jha; V. V. Parkar; B. J. Roy; S. Santra; V. Kumar; D. Dutta; P. Shukla; L. M. Pant; A. K. Mohanty; R. K. Choudhury; S. Kailas

2010-01-01

235

Inclusive alpha-production cross section for the Li+°Zr system at energies near the fusion barrier  

Microsoft Academic Search

Inclusive (direct+compound) alpha production for the Li+°Zr system is measured at near barrier energies, namely, 15,17,19,21,25, and 30 MeV. The data are treated in the statistical model and distorted-wave Born approximation framework to disentangle the degree of competition between direct and compound reaction channels. A substantial contribution from the compound reaction channels is obtained but the direct reaction channels are

H. Kumawat; V. Jha; V. V. Parkar; B. J. Roy; S. Santra; V. Kumar; D. Dutta; P. Shukla; L. M. Pant; A. K. Mohanty; R. K. Choudhury; S. Kailas

2010-01-01

236

A Participatory Action Research Approach to Evaluating Inclusive School Programs  

Microsoft Academic Search

Efforts to evaluate inclusion have frequently focused on the efficacy of inclusive education as a service delivery model. Although this information has greatly enhanced the field's understanding of inclusion, a need exists for a comprehensive process to assist schools that embrace inclusion to evaluate their programs. This article reviews the literature on inclusive school program evaluations and proposes a model

Stacy K. Dymond

2001-01-01

237

Inclusive weak decays of charmed mesons  

SciTech Connect

Inclusive analysis provide a different insight into the understanding of weak decay physics. This thesis experimentally determines inclusive decay predictions of charmed D mesons. Exclusive decay predictions are also used from a variety of theoretical models to make predictions about inclusive properties. Both experimental and theoretical realms benefit from the new techniques presented in this thesis. Inclusive properties derived are the multiplicity distributions, average multiplicities and inclusive branching ratios of charged particles, charged and neutral kaons, and charged pions. The center-of-mass momentum spectra of charged and neutral kaons are also obtained. Additionally, in the theoretical realm only, the inclusive properties of neutral pions, and the center-of-mass momentum spectra of charged and neutral pions are determined. The experimental analysis, which uses data from the mark II experiment at the Stanford Linear Accelerator Center, employs an unfold technique utilizing fold matrices to obtain the charged particle and kaon properties. A new enhanced unfold technique involving fold tensors obtains the first-ever results for the inclusive charged pion properties. The average strange quark contents and the average charged lepton multiplicities of the D[sup +], D[sup 0] and D[sup +][sub 8] are also presented. In the theoretical analysis, the exclusive decay mode predictions from the factorization model for Bauer, Stech and Wirbel; the quark diagram scheme of Chau and Cheng; and the QCD sum rules model of Block and Shifman are processed to determine inclusive predictions will lead to a better understanding of the model. The thesis also derives inclusive predictions from the D meson exclusive branching ratios compiled by the Particle Data Group.

Matthews, C.G.

1993-01-01

238

EPR of Cu(II)-doped seven-coordinate inclusion compounds, M(stpy) 3(NO 3) 2·1\\/2stpy (M = Cd(II) and Zn(II), stpy = trans-4-styrylpyridine): low symmetry effects in admixture of ground states  

Microsoft Academic Search

Single crystal EPR of Cu(II)-doped low symmetry pentagonal bipyramidal Werner-type clathrate inclusion complexes of Cd(stpy)3(NO3)2·1\\/2stpy(1) and Zn(stpy)3(NO3)2·1\\/2stpy(2) (stpy=trans-4-styrylpyridine) is reported. The spin Hamiltonian parameters are found to be orthorhombic with g33=2.298, g22=2.108, g11=2.066, A33=107.3, A22=54.4 and A11=23.1×10?4 cm?1 for 1 and g33=2.292, g22=2.111, g11=2.067, A33=107.5, A22=54.7 and A11=22.9×10?4 cm?1 for 2. Angular variation studies for both 1 and 2 suggest

Chandran Karunakaran; K. R. Justin Thomas; Arunachalam Shunmugasundaram; Ramachandran Murugesan

2001-01-01

239

?-Cyclodextrin- para-aminosalicylic acid inclusion complexes  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Complex formation of ?-cyclodextrin with para-aminosalicylic acid in buffer solutions is studied by UV spectroscopy. It is found that the stoichiometric proportion of the components in the ?-cyclodextrin-para-aminosalicylic acid inclusion complex is 1:1. The Ketelar equation is used to calculate the stability constants of the inclusion complexes at different temperatures. The thermodynamic parameters of the complex formation process (?G, ?H, ?S) are calculated using the van't Hoff equation. The 1:1 ?-cyclodextrin-para-aminosalicylic acid inclusion complex is prepared in solid form and its characteristics are determined by IR spectroscopic and x-ray diffraction techniques.

Roik, N. V.; Belyakova, L. A.; Oranskaya, E. I.

2010-11-01

240

Inclusive decays of B mesons to charmonium  

Microsoft Academic Search

We have used the CLEO-II detector at the Cornell Electron Storage Ringe (CESR) to study the inclusive production of charmonium mesons in a sample of 2.15 million BB¯ events. We find inclusive branching fractions of (1.12+\\/-0.04+\\/-0.06)% for B-->J\\/psiX, (0.34+\\/-0.04+\\/-0.03)% for B-->psi'X, and (0.40+\\/-0.06+\\/-0.04)% for B-->chic1X. We also find some evidence for the inclusive production of chic2, and set an upper

R. Balest; K. Cho; W. T. Ford; D. R. Johnson; K. Lingel; M. Lohner; P. Rankin; J. G. Smith; J. P. Alexander; C. Bebek; K. Berkelman; K. Bloom; T. E. Browder; D. G. Cassel; H. A. Cho; D. M. Coffman; D. S. Crowcroft; P. S. Drell; D. J. Dumas; R. Ehrlich; P. Gaidarev; M. Garcia-Sciveres; B. Geiser; B. Gittelman; S. W. Gray; D. L. Hartill; B. K. Heltsley; S. Henderson; C. D. Jones; S. L. Jones; J. Kandaswamy; N. Katayama; P. C. Kim; D. L. Kreinick; G. S. Ludwig; J. Masui; J. Mevissen; N. B. Mistry; C. R. Ng; E. Nordberg; J. R. Patterson; D. Peterson; D. Riley; S. Salman; M. Sapper; F. Würthwein; P. Avery; A. Freyberger; J. Rodriguez; S. Yang; J. Yelton; D. Cinabro; T. Liu; M. Saulnier; R. Wilson; H. Yamamoto; T. Bergfeld; B. I. Eisenstein; G. Gollin; B. Ong; M. Palmer; M. Selen; J. J. Thaler; K. W. Edwards; M. Ogg; A. Bellerive; D. I. Britton; E. R. Hyatt; D. B. Macfarlane; P. M. Patel; B. Spaan; A. J. Sadoff; R. Ammar; P. Baringer; A. Bean; D. Besson; D. Coppage; N. Copty; R. Davis; N. Hancock; M. Kelly; S. Kotov; I. Kravchenko; N. Kwak; H. Lam; Y. Kubota; M. Lattery; M. Momayezi; J. K. Nelson; S. Patton; R. Poling; V. Savinov; S. Schrenk; R. Wang; M. S. Alam; I. J. Kim; Z. Ling; A. H. Mahmood; J. J. O'neill; H. Severini; C. R. Sun; F. Wappler; G. Crawford; C. M. Daubenmier; R. Fulton; D. Fujino; K. K. Gan; K. Honscheid; H. Kagan; R. Kass; J. Lee; M. Sung; C. White; A. Wolf; M. M. Zoeller; F. Butler; X. Fu; B. Nemati; W. R. Ross; P. Skubic; M. Wood; M. Bishai; J. Fast; E. Gerndt; J. W. Hinson; R. L. McIlwain; T. Miao; D. H. Miller; M. Modesitt; D. Payne; E. I. Shibata; I. P. Shipsey; P. N. Wang; M. Battle; J. Ernst; L. Gibbons; Y. Kwon; S. Roberts; E. H. Thorndike; C. H. Wang; J. Dominick; M. Lambrecht; S. Sanghera; V. Shelkov; T. Skwarnicki; R. Stroynowski; I. Volobouev; G. Wei; M. Artuso; M. Gao; M. Goldberg; D. He; N. Horwitz; G. C. Moneti; F. Muheim; Y. Mukhin; S. Playfer; Y. Rozen; S. Stone; X. Xing; G. Zhu; J. Bartelt; S. E. Csorna; Z. Egyed; V. Jain; D. Gibaut; K. Kinoshita; P. Pomianowski; B. Barish; M. Chadha; S. Chan; D. F. Cowen; G. Eigen; J. S. Miller; C. O'grady; J. Urheim; A. J. Weinstein; M. Athanas; W. Brower; G. Masek; H. P. Paar; J. Gronberg; C. M. Korte; R. Kutschke; S. Menary; R. J. Morrison; S. Nakanishi; H. N. Nelson; T. K. Nelson; C. Qiao; J. D. Richman; A. Ryd; D. Sperka; H. Tajima; M. S. Witherell

1995-01-01

241

Keratinous inclusion cyst of oesophagus: unusual finding.  

PubMed

Cysts of the oesophagus are unusual findings and they are classified according to the embryological site of origin. It may represent inclusion cysts, retention cysts and developmental cysts. We present a case of keratinous inclusion cyst of the lower oesophagus in a 71-year-old Malay woman who presented with dyspepsia and severe epigastric pain. An oesophago-gastro-duodenoscopy demonstrated a sliding hiatus hernia with whitish ulcer-like lesion at the lower oesophagus. Biopsy from the lesion revealed a keratinous inclusion cyst. The patient was given pantoprazole and put on regular follow-up for monitoring any other development. PMID:23878290

Wan Abdul Rahman, Wan Faiziah; Mutum, Samarendra Singh; Fauzi, Mohd Hashairi

2013-07-22

242

Letter : NIR FT-Raman microspectroscopy of fluid inclusions: Comparisons with VIS Raman and FT-IR microspectroscopies  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The first Raman spectra of hydrocarbon inclusions using Fourier transform (FT) Raman microspectroscopy were obtained with a 1064 nm laser excitation in the near-infrared range (NIR FT-Raman). Some inclusions reveal the typical CH vibrational bands of organic compounds, but most of the inclusions that are fluorescent during visible Raman microspectroscopy (514 nm excitation) are still fluorescent in the NIR range. These Raman spectra are presented and compared to the conventional visible (VIS) Raman and FT-IR spectra. For spectra obtained on the same nonfluorescent inclusion, the signal/background ratio is lower in NIR FT-Raman than in VIS Raman. This ratio should be improved by application of more sensitive detectors. The increase of the power density (laser power/impact laser area) could be a future improvement in the limit of thermal background excitation and pyrolysis of the oils trapped in inclusions.

Pironon, J.; Sawatzki, J.; Dubessy, J.

1991-12-01

243

Elimination of inclusions and evaporation control during melting of Ti48Al2Cr2Nb1B intermetallic alloy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Titanium aluminide intermetallic compounds have an excellent capability for use in engineering structures at high temperatures.\\u000a In the present work the formation of Nb rich inclusions in microstructure and evaporation of Al during melting of ?-TiAl based\\u000a alloy (Ti-48Al-2Cr-2Nb-1B (at %)) was studied. The results show that the inclusions cannot be removed even with a four-stage\\u000a melting process, when elemental

M. Hadi; A. R. Kamali; J. Khalil-Allafi; A. R. Ebrahimi; M. Hadavi

2009-01-01

244

Fluid Inclusions in Extraterrestrial Samples Fact or Fiction.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Over the years there have been numerous reports of liquid inclusions in meteorites. Roedder reviews the reported occurrences of liquid inclusions in meteorites and states that 'silicate-melt inclusions are expectable and apparently ubiquitous, but the pre...

R. J. Bodnar M. E. Zolensky E. K. Gibson

2000-01-01

245

Inclusive Deep Inelastic Scattering at HERA  

SciTech Connect

Recent inclusive charged and neutral current scattering data from HERA are presented. Emphasis is placed on the resulting constraints on the proton parton densities and on the influence of low x proton structure on diffraction.

Newman, Paul [School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Birmingham, B15 2TT (United Kingdom)

2011-07-15

246

Inversion of multifunctions and difierential inclusions  

Microsoft Academic Search

We present a new inverse mapping theorem for correspondences. It uses a notion of difierentiability for multifunctions which seems to be new. We compare it with previous versions. We provide an application to difierential inclusions.

Khadra Nachi; Jean-Paul Penot

2005-01-01

247

New Congenital Myopathy with Crystalline Intranuclear Inclusions.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A new congenital myopathy, characterized by crystalline nuclear inclusions and sarcoplasmic crystals, occurred in a child who died at the age of 2 months. The clinical course was one of extreme muscular weakness and hypotonia, affecting all skeletal muscl...

E. H. Jenis R. R. Lindquist R. C. Lister

1968-01-01

248

Water loss from olivine hosted melt inclusions  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Water content in melt inclusions has long been used as an important index for the water content of the hosting magma. However, many studies have shown that post-entrapment diffusive re-equilibration can affect the water content of melt inclusions. This process must be considered when using melt inclusions to infer water content of the hosting magma. Theoretical model on the diffusive re-equilibration between melt inclusions and external melts showed that the re-equilibration rate depends on the diffusivity of the re-equilibrating species in the host mineral, the partition coefficient of this species between the host mineral and melt, and the geometry of the melt inclusion and host mineral. The water diffusivity in olivine and water partition coefficient between melt and olivine have been measured by recent studies, therefore the diffusive re-equilibration model can be tested by experiments. In this study, we carried out in-situ Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) measurements on the water content of olivine hosted melt inclusions at high temperatures. Initial water content of the melt inclusions is about 4 wt%. A heating stage system is combined with a microscope FTIR and the absorption spectrum through the olivine and melt inclusion is repeatedly measured. Although the absorption band at around 3540 cm-1 has not be calibrated at high temperatures, it is assumed that the absorbance is linearly related to the total water concentration in the melt inclusion, and the relative water content can be inferred. Cautions have been exercised to maintain a consistent measurement spot such that the thickness of the melt inclusion within the beam path did not change significantly during each experiment. Oxygen fugacity in the heating stage is controlled by Zr purified Ar gas to be about 7 logarithm units below the QFM buffer and about 1 logarithm unit above the QIF buffer at 1473 K. Preliminary results showed that at 1430 and 1581 K, the total water content of the melt inclusion decreased by 80% within about 7 and 1 hours, respectively. This rapid decrease of water content agrees with previous observations. Applying the model and water partition coefficient between olivine and melt by a previous study yields water diffusivities in olivine as 5E-12 and 3E-11 m2/s at 1430 and 1581 K, respectively. These numbers are consistent with the diffusivities measured by a previous study. Due to some experimental difficulties, it is unclear whether bubble existed during the experiments and affected the apparent water content change. Oxygen fugacity may also play a role in water re-equilibration. Further efforts will be made to investigate these aspects and better understand the water re-equilibration process.

Chen, Y.; Provost, A.; Schiano, P.; Cluzel, N.

2009-12-01

249

Duality in Semi-Inclusive Pion Electroproduction  

SciTech Connect

We explore quark-hadron duality in semi-inclusive pion electroproduction on proton and neutron targets. Using the spin-flavor symmetric quark model, we compute ratios of $\\pi^+$ and $\\pi^-$ cross sections for both unpolarized and polarized scattering, and discuss realizations of duality in several symmetry breaking scenarios. The model calculations allow one to understand some of the key features of recent data on semi-inclusive pion production at low energies.

F. E. Close, W. Melnitchouk

2009-05-01

250

Duality in semi-inclusive pion electroproduction  

SciTech Connect

We explore quark-hadron duality in semi-inclusive pion electroproduction on proton and neutron targets. Using the spin-flavor symmetric quark model, we compute ratios of {pi}{sup +} and {pi}{sup -} cross sections for both unpolarized and polarized scattering and discuss realizations of duality in several symmetry-breaking scenarios. The model calculations allow one to understand some of the key features of recent data on semi-inclusive pion production at low energies.

Close, F. E.; Melnitchouk, W. [Rudolf Peierls Centre for Theoretical Physics, University of Oxford, 1 Keble Road, Oxford OX1 3NP (United Kingdom); Jefferson Lab, 12000 Jefferson Avenue, Newport News, Virginia 23606 (United States)

2009-05-15

251

Making Education for All inclusive: where next?  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper argues that a common sense of purpose around inclusive education, together with a consistent use of language, is\\u000a essential if Education for All (EFA) strategies are to become more inclusive. This does not require the introduction of new\\u000a techniques; rather it involves: collaboration within and between schools, closer links between schools and communities, networking\\u000a across contexts, and the

Mel Ainscow; Susie Miles

2008-01-01

252

Inclusion and achievement in mainstream schools  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper considers the key findings of a DfES?funded study that explored the relationship between achievement and inclusion in mainstream schools in England. The methodology involved a statistical analysis of nationally held data on all pupils at the end of key stages 1–4, together with a series of site visits to ‘inclusive’ mainstream schools. These were carried out in order

Peter Farrell; Alan Dyson; Filiz Polat; Graeme Hutcheson; Frances Gallannaugh

2007-01-01

253

FUS pathology in basophilic inclusion body disease  

Microsoft Academic Search

Basophilic Inclusion Body Disease (BIBD) is a tau-negative form of frontotemporal lobar degeneration (FTLD), characterized\\u000a by neuronal cytoplasmic inclusions (NCI) that are visible on hematoxylin and eosin stain (HE), contain RNA, and are inconsistently\\u000a ubiquitin-immunoreactive (ir). The normal nuclear expression of TDP-43 is not altered. Here we investigate whether the distribution\\u000a of the structurally and functionally related protein fused in

David G. Munoz; Manuela Neumann; Hirofumi Kusaka; Osamu Yokota; Kenji Ishihara; Seishi Terada; Shigetoshi Kuroda; Ian R. Mackenzie

2009-01-01

254

Interference effects in relativistic inclusive deuteron electrodisintegration  

Microsoft Academic Search

We extend the relativistic plane-wave impulse approximation formalism to incorporate a specific class of relativistic interference effects for use in describing inclusive electrodisintegration of 2H. The role of these ``exchange'' terms for the various response functions accessible in parity-conserving and -violating inclusive processes is investigated and shown, especially for the latter, to have important consequences for experiment. An extension to

G. I. Poulis; T. W. Donnelly

1994-01-01

255

Cavity formation from inclusions in ductile fracture  

Microsoft Academic Search

The previously proposed conditions for cavity formation from equiaxed inclusions in ductile fracture have been examined. Critical\\u000a local elastic energy conditions are found to be necessary but not sufficient for cavity formation. The interfacial strength\\u000a must also be reached on part of the boundary. For inclusions larger than about 100Å the energy condition is always satisfied\\u000a when the interfacial strength

A. S. Argon; J. Im; R. Safoglu

1975-01-01

256

“I Believe in Inclusion, But…”: Regular Education Early Childhood Teachers' Perceptions of Successful Inclusion  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this qualitative study was to describe regular education early childhood teachers' perceptions of those factors that contributed to or hindered their success in inclusive classrooms. From among the K-3 teachers in one pro-inclusion school district, six teachers (three self-described as successful with inclusion and three as unsuccessful) were randomly selected to participate in a series of four

Mary K. Smith; Kenneth E. Smith

2000-01-01

257

EPR of Cu(II)-doped seven-coordinate inclusion compounds, M(stpy) 3(NO 3) 2·1/2stpy (M = Cd(II) and Zn(II), stpy = trans-4-styrylpyridine): low symmetry effects in admixture of ground states  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Single crystal EPR of Cu(II)-doped low symmetry pentagonal bipyramidal Werner-type clathrate inclusion complexes of Cd(stpy) 3(NO 3) 2·1/2stpy( 1) and Zn(stpy) 3(NO 3) 2·1/2stpy( 2) (stpy = trans-4-styrylpyridine) is reported. The spin Hamiltonian parameters are found to be orthorhombic with g33 = 2.298, g22 = 2.108, g11 = 2.066, A33 = 107.3, A22 = 54.4 and A11 = 23.1 × 10 -4 cm -1 for 1 and g33 = 2.292, g22 = 2.111, g11 = 2.067, A33 = 107.5, A22 = 54.7 and A11 = 22.9 × 10 -4 cm -1 for 2. Angular variation studies for both 1 and 2 suggest that the Cu(II) ions are substitutionally incorporated in the host lattices. The magnitude of Cu(II) hyperfine coupling constant ( A33) in both 1 and 2 are found to be low, in comparison to those of the pure Cu(II) complex, indicative of low symmetry for the substitutional sites in accordance with the crystal data. Such large reductions in Cu(II) hyperfine coupling are explicable in terms of a mixed dx2- y2/ dz 2 ground state and delocalization of unpaired spin density onto the ligands.

Karunakaran, Chandran; Justin Thomas, K. R.; Shunmugasundaram, Arunachalam; Murugesan, Ramachandran

2001-03-01

258

Endomorphisms on half-sided modular inclusions  

SciTech Connect

In algebraic quantum field theory we consider nets of von Neumann algebras indexed over regions of the space time. Wiesbrock [''Conformal quantum field theory and half-sided modular inclusions of von Neumann algebras,'' Commun. Math. Phys. 158, 537-543 (1993)] has shown that strongly additive nets of von Neumann algebras on the circle are in correspondence with standard half-sided modular inclusions. We show that a finite index endomorphism on a half-sided modular inclusion extends to a finite index endomorphism on the corresponding net of von Neumann algebras on the circle. Moreover, we present another approach to encoding endomorphisms on nets of von Neumann algebras on the circle into half-sided modular inclusions. There is a natural way to associate a weight to a Moebius covariant endomorphism. The properties of this weight have been studied by Bertozzini et al. [''Covariant sectors with infinite dimension and positivity of the energy,'' Commun. Math. Phys. 193, 471-492 (1998)]. In this paper we show the converse, namely, how to associate a Moebius covariant endomorphism to a given weight under certain assumptions, thus obtaining a correspondence between a class of weights on a half-sided modular inclusion and a subclass of the Moebius covariant endomorphisms on the associated net of von Neumann algebras. This allows us to treat Moebius covariant endomorphisms in terms of weights on half-sided modular inclusions. As our aim is to provide a framework for treating endomorphisms on nets of von Neumann algebras in terms of the apparently simpler objects of weights on half-sided modular inclusions, we lastly give some basic results for manipulations with such weights.

Svegstrup, Rolf Dyre [Graduate School of Mathematical Sciences, University of Tokyo, 3-8-1 Komaba, Meguro-ku, Tokyo 153-8914 (Japan)

2006-12-15

259

Fun with Compound Words  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Identify and create compound words We will be studying compound words! First we need to find out what a compound word is, go to this website and read about compound words.What is a compound word Now that you have read about compound words lets do some fun activities to help us review. First go to Compound word flashcards, here you will ...

Huggins, Ms.

2012-04-12

260

TSTA compound cryopump  

SciTech Connect

The Tritium System Test Assembly (TSTA), at the Los Alamos Scientific Laboratory, is intended to demonstrate realistic fuel supply and cleanup scenarios for future fusion reactors. The vacuum pumps must be capable of handling large quantities of reactor exhaust gases consisting largely of mixtures of hydrogen and helium isotopes. Cryocondensing pumps will not pump helium at 4.2 K; while cryosorption pumps using molecular sieves or charcoal have good helium pumping speed, the adsorbent clogs with condensed hydrogen while pumping mixtures of both. A solution to this problem is a compound design whereby the first stage condenses the hydrogen species and the second, or sorption, stage pumps the helium. The TSTA pump designed at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory uses argon gas to cryotrap the helium in the helium--hydrogen mixture. The argon is sprayed directly onto the 4.2 K surface at a rate proportional to the helium flow rate, permitting continuous pumping of the helium--hydrogen mixtures in a single-stage pump. However, the possibility of differential desorption as a first stage in the TSTA gas separation cycle required the inclusion of a first-state hydrogen isotope condenser. The design, performance, and operating characteristics are discussed.

Batzer, T.H.; Patrick, R.E.; Call, W.R.

1981-04-01

261

Inclusive Proton Energy Spectra of the Deuteron Induced Reaction  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The continuum-discritized coupled channel method and the glauber model are applied for the description of deuteron elastic breakup and the stripping processes, respectively. Combined with the conventional two-component exciton model for pre-equilibrium processes and the Hauser-Feshbach theory for compound process, an approach based on models is proposed to analyze the inclusive proton energy spectra of a deuteron-induced reaction. The contributions from each process to the energy spectra of the 58Ni(d,xp) reaction are quantitatively given. The results show that this approach is able to reasonably reproduce the experimental data of the double differential cross sections, energy spectra and cross sections, although further improvements are needed.

Wang, Jia; Ye, Tao; Sun, Wei-Li; Yukinobu, Watanabe; Kazuyuki, Ogata

2011-11-01

262

Preparing teachers for inclusive education: using inclusive pedagogy to enhance teaching and learning for all  

Microsoft Academic Search

As the concept of ‘inclusive education’ has gained currency, students who would previously have been referred to specialist forms of provision, having been judged ‘less able’, are now believed to belong in mainstream classrooms. However, it is often argued that teachers lack the necessary knowledge and skills to work with such students in inclusive classrooms. This paper reports findings of

Lani Florian; Holly Linklater

2010-01-01

263

Socially Inclusive Pedagogy in Literacy Classes: Fostering Inclusion in the Inner City  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Drawing on case studies of five elementary school teachers in one inner city school, the author explored ways teachers foster social inclusion in their classrooms. Rooted in classroom observations and extensive teacher interviews, teachers' teaching methods and practices were examined as a base from which to explore socially inclusive pedagogy in…

Cleovoulou, Yiola

2008-01-01

264

Teaching Inclusively: Are Secondary Physical Education Student Teachers Sufficiently Prepared to Teach in Inclusive Environments?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Background: Contemporary British educational guidelines, such as the National Curriculum (NC) have adopted inclusivity in the way children with special educational needs (SEN) are taught. Therefore, inclusion has risen up the political agenda, resulting in more children with SEN being taught in mainstream environments. Empirical research has…

Coates, Janine Kim

2012-01-01

265

Inclusive Education: Identifying Teachers' Strategies for Coping with Perceived Stressors in Inclusive Classrooms  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This research replicates the study conducted by Forlin (2001) in Churchlands, Western Australia. Forlin's Inclusive Education "Teacher Stress and Coping Questionnaire" was adapted from the original questionnaire to more accurately reflect the language and practice of inclusion in Ontario. The purpose of this portion of the study was to determine…

Brackenreed, Darlene

2011-01-01

266

The Inclusion of Inclusive Education in International Development: Lessons from Papua New Guinea  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A new "inclusive" curriculum has been introduced in Papua New Guinea, with significant levels of support from a bilateral development agency. The curriculum is inclusive in the sense that it is designed to meet the diverse, complex, and ever-changing needs of students. Research indicates the curriculum has been shaped by various influences, most…

Le Fanu, Guy

2013-01-01

267

Digital Inclusion Without Social Inclusion: The consumption of ICTs within homeless subculture in Scotland  

Microsoft Academic Search

This pilot study examined how homeless people in central Scotland integrate and appropriate mobile phones and the internet into their everyday lives, and the meanings these information and communication technologies (ICTs) come to hold for them. It was found that 'digital inclusion' does not necessarily lead to 'social inclusion' into mainstream society, since homeless individuals tend to use ICTs in

Claire Buré

2006-01-01

268

Theories of Inclusion, Theories of Schools: deconstructing and reconstructing the ‘inclusive school‘  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Government's recent commitment to inclusive education aligns English policy in special needs education with the international inclusion movement. One of the founding assumptions of that movement is that mainstream schools can and should develop structures and practices which will allow them to respond more fully to the diversity of their pupil populations. This article reports a study of four

Catherine Clark; Alan Dyson; Alan Millward; Sue Robson

1999-01-01

269

Inclusion in Play: A Case Study of a Child with Autism in an Inclusive Nursery  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper discusses the play interaction of a young child with autism and the strategies adopted by her teachers to facilitate her inclusion in and through play. The data are from an ethnographic case study in an inclusive nursery in the South of England spanning 6 months. The aim was to understand and describe the play of a child with autism in…

Theodorou, Fani; Nind, Melanie

2010-01-01

270

Insights into inclusive education through a small Finnish case study of an inclusive school context  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study seeks to present data and discussion arising from a case study of a school in Finland renowned for its practice in the inclusion of learners with additional support requirements due to cognitive and physical disabilities. It aims to establish how the school staff understand their practice with inclusion through day-to-day professional experiences. The process of reflexive dialogue has

Jane Mary Tarr; Diana Tsokova; Ulla-Maija Takkunen

2012-01-01

271

Insights into inclusive education through a small Finnish case study of an inclusive school context  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study seeks to present data and discussion arising from a case study of a school in Finland renowned for its practice in the inclusion of learners with additional support requirements due to cognitive and physical disabilities. It aims to establish how the school staff understand their practice with inclusion through day?to?day professional experiences. The process of reflexive dialogue has

Jane Mary Tarr; Diana Tsokova

2011-01-01

272

Inclusive education policy in New Zealand: reality or ruse?  

Microsoft Academic Search

New Zealand, like many countries, is beginning the journey towards a more inclusive education system. This paper examines inclusive education in New Zealand, and in particular policy related to inclusive education. New Zealand has the chance to make inclusion a reality, but as Skrtic (1991) points out this will require a different way of thinking based on a different knowledge

Alison Kearney; Ruth Kane

2006-01-01

273

Development of the Inclusion Attitude Scale for High School Teachers  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study involved the development of a new scale to measure high school teacher attitudes toward the inclusion of students with disabilities in regular education classrooms. A second aim was to examine the relationship of teachers’ professional development regarding inclusion, their years of experience with inclusion, access to instructional supports and resources, and gender to their attitudes toward inclusion. A

Catherine Ernst; Margaret R. Rogers

2009-01-01

274

Cyclopropane compound  

US Patent & Trademark Office Database

A cyclopropane compound represented by the following formula (A) or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof has orexin receptor antagonism, and therefore has a potencial of usefulness for the treatment of sleep disorder for which orexin receptor antagonism is effective, for example, insomnia: ##STR00001## wherein Q represents --CH-- or a nitrogen atom, R.sub.1a and R.sub.1b each independently represent a C.sub.1-6 alkyl group and the like, R.sub.1c represents a hydrogen atom and the like, R.sub.2a, R.sub.2b, R.sub.2c and R.sub.2d each independently represent a hydrogen atom, a halogen atom, a C.sub.1-6 alkyl group and the like, R.sub.3a, R.sub.3b and R.sub.3c each independently represent a hydrogen atom, a halogen atom and the like, and R.sub.3d represents a hydrogen atom and the like.

Terauchi; Taro (Tsukuba, JP); Takemura; Ayumi (Tsukuba, JP); Doko; Takashi (Tokyo, JP); Yoshida; Yu (Tsukuba, JP); Tanaka; Toshiaki (Tsukuba, JP); Sorimachi; Keiichi (Tsukuba, JP); Naoe; Yoshimitsu (Tsukuba, JP); Beuckmann; Carsten (Tsukuba, JP); Kazuta; Yuji (Tsukuba, JP)

2012-09-18

275

Camptocormia due to inclusion body myositis.  

PubMed

Inclusion body myositis is the most common idiopathic inflammatory myopathy in elderly individuals. It typically causes proximal and distal limb weakness with forearm flexors and quadriceps being the most severely affected muscles. Axial musculature is infrequently involved. Here, we report an 80-year-old man who presented with an 18-month history of progressive truncal weakness causing stooped posture while standing and walking. Neurologic examination revealed no limb weakness. magnetic resonance imaging studies showed atrophy and findings, suggesting fatty replacement of paraspinal muscles. Needle electromyography confirmed the presence of an axial myopathy. Thoracic paraspinal muscle biopsy showed canonical features of inclusion body myositis. The current patient broadens the clinical presentation of inclusion body myositis. PMID:23172388

Goodman, Brent P; Liewluck, Teerin; Crum, Brian A; Spinner, Robert J

2012-12-01

276

History of Inclusive Design in the UK.  

PubMed

The UK Design Council describes Inclusive Design as neither a new genre of design, nor a separate specialism, but as a general approach to designing in which designers ensure that their products and services address the needs of the widest possible audience, irrespective of age or ability. Inclusive Design (also known [in Europe] as Design for All and as Universal Design in the USA) is in essence the inverse of earlier approaches to designing for disabled and elderly people as a sub-set of the population, and an integral part of a more recent international trend towards the integration of older and disabled people in the mainstream of society. This paper describes the development of Inclusive Design in the UK, from its early beginnings, through its subsequent adoption as a topic of academic research, leading to its recent emergence embodied as a framework and toolkit for design. PMID:23570838

John Clarkson, P; Coleman, Roger

2013-04-01

277

Peripheral neutrophil inclusions in amiodarone treated patients.  

PubMed Central

In 14 patients receiving chronic amiodarone therapy the appearance of multilamellar inclusion bodies in peripheral blood neutrophils was related to both plasma concentrations of amiodarone and its desethyl metabolite and unwanted effects of the drug. Seven of the patients had well defined inclusion bodies. In this group mean amiodarone and desethylamiodarone concentrations were significantly higher than in the remaining seven patients and all but one had unwanted effects of the drug. Of the seven patients without inclusion bodies only one, with high plasma amiodarone and desethylamiodarone concentrations, had unwanted effects of the drug. It is concluded that the appearance of multilamellar bodies in the blood neutrophils of amiodarone-treated patients may help to distinguish those patients at risk of long-term amiodarone toxicity. Images Figure 1

Adams, P C; Sloan, P; Morley, A R; Holt, D W

1986-01-01

278

Inclusive cultural empathy for successful global leadership.  

PubMed

Empathy is reported in the research literature as a necessary factor in counseling and psychotherapy, but psychologists have historically interpreted empathy through an exclusively individual focus. Most of the research on empathy has been predicated on a definition of empathy as occurring when one person vicariously experiences the feelings, perceptions, and thoughts of another. In Western cultures, the study of empathy focuses exclusively on the individual, whereas in traditional non-Western cultures, empathy more typically involves an inclusive perspective focusing on the individual and significant others in the societal context. This article explores the reframing of "empathy," based on an individualistic perspective, into "inclusive cultural empathy," based on a more relationship-centered perspective, as an alternative interpretation of the empathic process. Psychologists are both the problem and the solution to this dilemma, and the authors call upon the field to take leadership in applying this "inclusive cultural empathy" model. PMID:21058803

Pedersen, Paul B; Pope, Mark

2010-11-01

279

?B-crystallin negative astrocytic inclusions.  

PubMed

We report on an unusual pathological finding of astrocytes, observed in the brain of a 16-year-old African-American male with severe intellectual disability and spastic quadriplegia. The brain showed bilateral pericentral, perisylvian polymicrogyria and pachygyria, in conjunction with a large number of hypertrophic astrocytes with eosinophilic granular cytoplasmic inclusions. The astrocytic abnormality was more severe in the dysgenetic area but present throughout the cerebral cortex. Astrocytic inclusions stained with acid fuchsin, azocarmine and Holzer's stain, and were immunoreactive for GFAP, S-100, and ubiquitin, but not for ?B-crystallin, filamin, vimentin, nestin, tau or ?-synuclein. Based on the case and a review of the literature, the authors postulate that these astrocytic inclusions in the cerebral cortex reflect abnormalities in radial glial developmental processes, such as migration, differentiation, or glial-neuronal interaction function during neuronal migration. PMID:20621427

Barnett, Brad P; Bressler, Joseph; Chen, Terina; Hutchins, Grover M; Crain, Barbara J; Kaufmann, Walter E

2011-04-01

280

Inclusive photon energy spectrum in B decays  

SciTech Connect

We present a theoretical estimate for the inclusive photon energy spectrum in direct decays of [ital B]-mesons taking into account both the charged current (CC) and flavour changing neutral current (FCNC) processes. It is shown that the various components in the inclusive spectrum can in principle be disentangled. In particular, the high energy part of the photon energy spectrum is dominated by the electromagnetic penguins. Its measurement could provide the first direct determination of the CKM matrix element [vert bar][ital V][sub [ital ts

Greub, C. (Institute for Theoretical Physics, University of Zuerich, Schoenberggasse 9, CH-8001 Zuerich (Switzerland))

1992-02-01

281

New Braided Endomorphisms from Conformal Inclusions  

Microsoft Academic Search

:  Various puzzles about subfactors and integrable lattice models associated with conformal inclusions are resolved in the framework\\u000a of constructive quantum field theory in two dimensions. In particular, a new class of braided endomorphisms are obtained for\\u000a a general class of conformal inclusions and their properties are analyzed. The existence of subfactors with principal graphs\\u000a E\\u000a \\u000a 6 or E\\u000a \\u000a 8 follows

Feng Xu

1998-01-01

282

A sporadic juvenile case of the amyotrophic lateral sclerosis with neuronal intracytoplasmic inclusions  

Microsoft Academic Search

In an autopsy case of the sporadic juvenile ALS (a 17-year-old girl) intracytoplasmic inclusions are found in the upper and lower motor neurons and in nerve cells of the dentate nucleus, pontine nucleus, brain stem reticular formation, substantia nigra, thalamus, globus pallidus and others. Histochemically they contain RNA-Protein compounds. Electron microscopically, they consist of randomly interwoven tubules with granular endoplasmic

M. Oda; N. Akagawa; Y. Tabuchi; H. Tanabe

1978-01-01

283

Mathematics Achievement of Regular Education Students by Placement in Inclusion and Non-Inclusion Classrooms and Their Principals' Perceptions of Inclusion  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study examined mathematics achievement of fourth and fifth grade students in Mississippi and principals' perceptions of inclusion. A sample of 462 students from eight separate elementary schools was selected for this study. Fifteen principals completed the Principal and Inclusion Survey regarding inclusion education. Eight of the 15…

Hartfield, Loretta Rodgers

2009-01-01

284

Inclusive Schooling: Are We There yet?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Today, when trying to find a way to an unfamiliar destination, many rely on global positioning systems, or GPS technology. "Recalibrating" and "Whenever possible make a legal U-turn" are now ubiquitous phrases in the audio backdrop to many car trips. One can think about modern-day inclusive education in similar terms. The programming decisions…

Causton, Julie; Theoharis, George

2013-01-01

285

Essential Features of Methodologically Inclusive Research Syntheses.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Contemporary educational research is marked by diversity, complexity, and richness of purposes, methods, and perspectives. A framework, the Methodologically Inclusive Research Synthesis (MIRS), has been developed to offer a set of guidelines to facilitate informed choices at the critical decision points of any research synthesis process. The MIRS…

Suri, Harsh

286

Achieving Effective and Inclusive School Settings  

Microsoft Academic Search

Skills underlying effective inclusion practices, especially for mildly handicapped students, should center on quality of instruction and the development of collaborative structures to support teachers' core competencies which also facilitate successful schools in general. However, ensuring professional growth in these competencies requires implementation of the best practices in staff development and adult learning. An example of how staff development is

Todd A. Gravois; Sylvia Rosenfield; Lindsay Vail

2000-01-01

287

Creating Inclusive Schools for All Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Inclusion in general education and attention to belonging are the first steps toward greater achievement for all students. This must be followed by improving the core teaching and curriculum to enhance learning of all students through differentiation, and teaching to multiple modalities and learning preferences. For these changes to occur,…

Causton-Theoharis, Julie; Theoharis, George

2009-01-01

288

Expanding Opportunities: An Interagency Inclusion Initiative  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Research has shown that both young children with disabilities and their peers benefit from participating together in quality programs and community activities. However, inclusive opportunities for young children with disabilities are often not systematic, comprehensive or necessarily of high quality. Cross-agency dialogue and commitment among…

National Early Childhood Technical Assistance Center (NECTAC), 2010

2010-01-01

289

"Shakespeare with Heart": An Inclusive Drama Project  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article features Shakespeare with Heart, a two week inclusive summer program for middle and high school students with and without disabilities. The program runs each morning until noon, culminating with a workshop performance of a Shakespeare play with full costume and set with a live audience of parents, friends, and community members. The…

Wilkins, Ilene E.

2008-01-01

290

Inclusive and dijet b productions at CDF  

SciTech Connect

This contribution reports recent CDF measurements of the inclusive b-jet and b{bar b} dijet production cross sections obtained at the Tevatron Run II in p{bar p} collisions at {radical}s = 1.96 TeV. Preliminary results are in reasonable agreement with QCD predictions.

Lefevre, R.; /Barcelona, Autonoma U.

2005-01-01

291

Paleotemperatures preserved in fluid inclusions in halite  

SciTech Connect

A variety of paleoclimate proxy records allow determination of relative warming or cooling. However, if we are to understand climate change, quantification of past temperature fluctuations is essential. Our research indicates that fluid inclusions in halite can yield homogenization temperatures that record surface brine temperatures at the time of halite precipitation. To avoid problems with stretching, leaking, and initial trapping of air, samples with primary, single-phase (liquid) fluid inclusions are chilled in a freezer to nucleate vapor bubbles. We tested the reliability of this method of obtaining fluid-inclusion homogenization temperatures using modern salts precipitated at Badwater Basin, Death Valley, California. Homogenization temperatures correlate well with measured brine temperatures. The same method is applied to fluid inclusions in Pleistocene halite from a core taken at the same location in Death Valley. Results are at several scales, recording diurnal temperature variations, seasonal temperature fluctuations, and longer-term warming and cooling events that correlate with major changes in the sedimentary environment related to climate. This technique is uniquely instrumental for paleoclimate studies because it offers actual, not just proxy, paleotemperature data. 27 refs., 17 figs.

Roberts, S.M.; Spencer, R.J. [Univ. of Calgary, Alberta (Canada)

1995-10-01

292

Inclusive Education--Empirical Experience from Serbia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This descriptive study finds out the problems most frequently facing the children with special needs in regular schooling. The sample included 500 teachers in elementary schools from Serbia. The results point out the problems in inclusive education. Most educational problems occur in relations and communications with their peers in typical…

Kovacevic, Jasmina; Macesic-Petrovic, Dragana

2012-01-01

293

Perceptions of Inclusive Practices: The Malaysian perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

While there has been an international trend toward inclusive educational placements for children with special needs, little information exists regarding perceptions of such practices particularly in developing countries such as Malaysia. The research effort is presented as a case study illustration to provide critical information into the nature of professional relationships between teachers, teachers and parents, and perceptions of students.

Zalizan M. Jelas

2000-01-01

294

Testing Accommodations and Inclusive Assessment Practices  

Microsoft Academic Search

The inclusion of students with disabilities in large-scale assessments, typically by using testing accommodations, for statewide accountability systems became a legal reality with the reauthorization of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act in 1997, and the passage of the No Child Left Behind Act in 2002. These legal mandates and best assessment practices are imperatives for special educators to develop

Bradley C. Niebling; Stephen N. Elliott

2005-01-01

295

Disabilities and inclusive practices within Toronto preschools  

Microsoft Academic Search

A current objective in Canada is a provision of childcare services for all children. This objective has not been achieved as many children, especially those with disabilities, are often denied services from publicly funded daycare centres. The authors argue that policy discussions framed from an inclusive perspective provide a better understanding of how the Ontario child care system should function

Isabel Killoran; Dorothy Tymon; George Frempong

2007-01-01

296

Developing Inclusive Practice: North Lanarkshire's Approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

North Lanarkshire Council is developing inclusive practice in all its schools through a number of imaginative initiatives. These initiatives are firmly rooted in an educational philosophy of multiple intelligences, a social policy of raising achievement for all children, and a theory of change which emphasises the importance of evidence and evaluation.

Christine Vassie; Laura-Ann Currie

2003-01-01

297

Teachers' professional development to support inclusive practices  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent United Kingdom Government documents associated with the ‘special needs’ area of education claim to promote an inclusive approach to children's education. Section 6 of Excellence for All Children (DfEE, 1997a) refers to professional development for teachers and others, but is almost wholly preoccupied with the administration of the Code of Practice, the raising of standards and so on. The

Janice Wearmouth; Gwenn Edwards; Robin Richmond

2000-01-01

298

Fluid inclusions with gas bubbles as geothermometers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Two types of fluid inclusions can be distinguished. The first is based on the assumption of Sorby (1858) that a homogeneous phase, such as water, salt solution, or CO2, is entrapped, meaning that the bubbles result from the gas of the enclosed fluid. The second type includes foreign gas entrapped with the fluid. \\

C. W. Correns; Geol Rundsch

2002-01-01

299

Filamentous nerve cell inclusions in neurodegenerative diseases  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent work has shown that abnormal filamentous inclusions within some nerve cells is a characteristic shared by Alzheimer's disease, some frontotemporal dementias, Parkinson's disease, dementia with Lewy bodies, multiple system atrophy, as well as Huntington's disease and other trinucleotide repeat disorders. This suggests that in each of these disorders, the affected nerve cells degenerate as a result of these abnormal

Michel Goedert; Maria Grazia Spillantini; Stephen W Davies

1998-01-01

300

Inclusion: Making It Work for Teachers, Too.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Outlines issues of personality factors/communication style, teaching style/philosophy, and classroom management style that should be explored by teachers before they embark on a collaborative venture into inclusion, where special and general education teachers team for extended periods of the school day. (SR)

Bruneau-Balderrama, Odette

1997-01-01

301

Social and Academic Issues of Inclusive Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This review of the literature examines the balancing of social and academic needs of students with disabilities and typical students in the context of the trend toward integrating all students into general classrooms regardless of their learning, physical, or emotional characteristics. Issues in the debate over inclusive education are identified,…

Reganick, Karol

302

Inclusion in PK-12: An International Perspective  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|With an aim to investigate inclusion across borders, quantitative and qualitative data were examined that came from 18 countries: Australia, Brazil, Canada, Cyprus, Finland, France, Iceland, India, Ireland, the Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, Slovenia, South Africa, Spain, Sweden, the UK, and the USA. Four themes emerged in this study: (1)…

Curcic, Svjetlana

2009-01-01

303

Methodological challenges in researching inclusive school cultures  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article addresses the methodological challenges faced in a pilot study of the processes and cultures of inclusion and exclusion in two primary school classrooms. The authors, who were the research team, engaged with a range of practical and ethical challenges, some of which face any researcher entering classroom contexts and some of which were specific to our focus on

Melanie Nind; Shereen Benjamin; Kieron Sheehy; Janet Collins; Kathy Hall

2004-01-01

304

Bullying and the inclusive school environment  

Microsoft Academic Search

As Australian education departments and teacher education institutions become aware of international trends, they are keen to implement quickly pedagogical and curriculum changes that are being promoted as best practice for schools of the twenty-first century. One such recent change has been the inclusivity movement. There remain, however, many unresolved issues for teachers that fall outside these new paradigm shifts

Christine Forlin; Dianne J Chambers

2003-01-01

305

Understanding principals’ attitudes towards inclusive schooling  

Microsoft Academic Search

Reports that including students with disabilities in regular schools is a movement which is attracting considerable community support. Inclusion is both a philosophy based on social justice, and a practice requiring, in many cases, significant adaptations by the school community. Suggests that, as school principals have a significant role in implementing policies in schools, to be able to predict their

Jeff Bailey; Diana du Plessis

1997-01-01

306

Inclusion in Practice: Sofia's Situations for Interaction  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of this article is to present findings from a study (Alexandersson, 2007) about how one student--called Sofia--with intellectual disability interacts and communicates with her classmates and her teachers in an inclusive setting. Furthermore, the aim is also to analyse in what way the interaction contributes to Sofia's social participation…

Alexandersson, Ulla

2011-01-01

307

Comprehensive School Reform and Inclusive Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In spite of the emphasis in public policy and the professional literature on developing inclusive programs for students with disabilities over the past 30 years, surprisingly little progress has been made in this regard in school districts across the United States. One approach to change that is currently being used with some success in general…

McLeskey, James; Waldron, Nancy L.

2006-01-01

308

Paleotemperatures preserved in fluid inclusions in halite  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A variety of paleoclimate proxy records allow determination of relative warming or cooling. However, if we are to understand climate change, quantification of past temperature fluctuations is essential. Our research indicates that fluid inclusions in halite can yield homogenization temperatures that record surface brine temperatures at the time of halite precipitation. To avoid problems with stretching, leaking, and initial trapping of air, samples with primary, single-phase (liquid) fluid inclusions are chilled in a freezer to nucleate vapor bubbles. We tested the reliability of this method of obtaining fluid-inclusion homogenization temperatures using modern salts precipitated at Badwater Basin, Death Valley, California. Homogenization temperatures correlate well with measured brine temperatures. The same method is applied to fluid inclusions in Pleistocene halite from a core taken at the same location in Death Valley. Results are at several scales, recording diurnal temperature variations, seasonal temperature fluctuations, and longer-term warming and cooling events that correlate with major changes in the sedimentary environment related to climate. This technique is uniquely instrumental for paleoclimate studies because it offers actual, not just proxy, paleotemperature data.

Roberts, Sheila M.; Spencer, Ronald J.

1995-10-01

309

Beyond Prejudice: Thinking toward Genuine Inclusion  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The challenge of transforming our educational thinking and practices to achieve genuine rather than token inclusion asks that we examine select ideas from the natural and social sciences that have served to colonize the childhood disability field through hegemonic educational discourses. This article examines the colonizing discourses that have…

McPhail, Jean C.; Freeman, John G.

2005-01-01

310

Viable and Monotone Trajectories of Differential Inclusions.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This paper begins with an exposition of results of Haddad on the solvability of differential inclusion (in which the rate of change x(dot) of the state variable x is restricted to lie in a specified at F(x) and is not given exactly) for a solution x with ...

J. P. Aubin

1980-01-01

311

Creating Inclusive Schools for All Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, a former principal at Falk Elementary School in Madison, Wisconsin, describes his school's shift as it sought to create an inclusive school for all students and establish an authentic sense of belonging. Nationwide, schools and districts from Concord, New Hampshire, to Whittier, California, and from Cambridge, Massachusetts, to…

Causton-Theoharis, Julie; Theoharis, George

2008-01-01

312

Aggresomes, inclusion bodies and protein aggregation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Intracellular and extracellular accumulation of aggregated protein are linked to many diseases, including ageing-related neurodegeneration and systemic amyloidosis. Cells avoid accumulating potentially toxic aggregates by mechanisms including the suppression of aggregate formation by molecular chaperones and the degradation of misfolded proteins by proteasomes. Once formed, aggregates tend to be refractory to proteolysis and to accumulate in inclusion bodies. This accumulation

Ron R Kopito

2000-01-01

313

Type inclusion constraints and type inference  

Microsoft Academic Search

We present a general algorithm for solving systems of inclusion constraints over type expressions.The constraint language includes function types, constructor types, and liberal intersection and uniontypes. We illustrate the application of our constraint solving algorithm with a type inference systemfor the lambda calculus with constants. In this system, every pure lambda term has a (computable)type and every term typable in

Alexander Aiken; Edward L. Wimmers

1993-01-01

314

In vitro folding of inclusion body proteins  

Microsoft Academic Search

Insoluble, inactive inclusion bodies are frequently formed upon recombinant protein pro- duction in transformed microorganisms. These inclu- sion bodies, which contain the recombinant protein in an highly enriched form, can be isolated by solid\\/liquid separation. After solubilization, native proteins can be generated from the inactive material by using in vitro folding techniques. New folding procedures have been developed for efficient

RAINER RUDOLPH; HAUKE LILIE

315

Strategies for Success in Inclusive Classrooms.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Suggests a popular model of service delivery for students with disabilities is full inclusion. Suggests regular classroom teachers should identify and focus on included students' strengths and carefully examine students' academic and social gains. Argues that school personnel should work in collaborative teams in which skills, experience,…

Hay, Genevieve H.; Courson, Frances H.

1997-01-01

316

Citizenship Education in Turkey: Inclusive or Exclusive  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper scrutinises citizenship education in Turkey from the foundation of the Turkish Republic (1923) to the present and explores the extent to which it encourages inclusive or exclusive concepts of national identity and citizenship. In Turkey, where there are citizens belonging to ethnic and religious minorities, civic education plays a…

Ince, Basak

2012-01-01

317

Best Practices for Inclusive Science Instruction  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this session is to provide an overview of evidence based best practices for inclusive science instruction and to equip teachers with applicable strategies for scaffolding instruction and responding to learner needs based on research in special education and science instruction. As a result of this session, participants will learn strategies and methods for helping students learn to

Lucinda S. Spaulding; Jenny Sue Flannagan

2009-01-01

318

Beyond Tracking: Finding Success in Inclusive Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This collection of papers addresses tracking, whether it should be abolished, the movement toward inclusiveness in schools, strategies to meet all students' needs, and the process of untracking. Contents are as follows: "Why Ability Grouping Must End: Achieving Excellence and Equity in American Education" (Jomills Henry Braddock II and Robert E.…

Pool, Harbison, Ed.; Page, Jane A., Ed.

319

Public Policies that Help Foster Social Inclusion  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Public policies can be effective in raising people's social inclusion as intended only reasonably through their implementation. With respect to the implementation perspective, this study examines the effectiveness of eight policies as perceived to implement in Hong Kong, China. The study employs data collected from 1,109 Chinese adults randomly…

Cheung, Chau-kiu

2013-01-01

320

Inclusive Assessment at Point-of-Design  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Recognising assessment as a driver for learning and a key part of the student learning experience, this case study considers the impact of opening the assessment process to active student engagement as well as placing inclusivity at the heart of the assessment task at point-of-design. This case study presents an approach to assessment that both…

Keating, Neil; Zybutz, Tanya; Rouse, Karl

2012-01-01

321

Complete and effectively complete inclusive experiments  

Microsoft Academic Search

The experiments required to meadure all the independent amplitudes in any single-particle inclusive process with experimentally available incident particles are determined, and the amplitude (or combination of amplitudes) obtained from each measurement is given. Various kinematic regions are considered, and the measurements which determine the subset of amplitudes expected to be important in each region are found. The prospects of

J. Randa; Alexander Donnachie

1976-01-01

322

THRESHOLD EFFECTS IN INCLUSIVE TAU LEPTON DECAY  

Microsoft Academic Search

The role of quark masses and threshold eects in the inclusive decay of the lepton into hadrons is analyzed. The method of analytic perturbation theory, which avoids the problem of unphysical singularities, like the ghost pole, and gives a self-consistent description of both spacelike and timelike regions, is applied. The threshold behavior of the quark-antiquark system is described by using

K. A. Milton; I. L. Solovtsov; O. P. Solovtsova

323

Preschool Inclusion: Navigating through Alphabet Soup  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The number of preschool-aged children with disabilities who spend some part of their day in an inclusive school or child care setting has grown tremendously in the past ten years. Meeting the needs of these children is always challenging. However, Public Law 105-17 the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA'97) mandates that children…

Lytle, Rebecca; Bordin, Judith

2005-01-01

324

Differentiated Instruction Guide for Inclusive Teaching.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This book explores the cortical issues related to differentiation of instruction for students with disabilities in inclusive classrooms. Included in the book is a step-by-step decision making process for developing, implementing, and assessing instruction that is differentiated for the levels of learners presented in any teaching situation. The…

Moll, Anne M.

325

Nonmetallic inclusions in JBK-75 stainless steel  

Microsoft Academic Search

Stainless steel alloys that are chemically complex, such as A-286 or JBK-75, are designed to improve such high-temperature properties as strength. This is accomplished by precipitating secondary phases during aging. Such multicomponent systems, however, can also produce undesirable phases that are detrimental to forgeability and final mechanical properties. Cast segregation and numerous nonmetallic inclusions can have a degrading influence on

A. W. Brewer; R. W. Krenzer; J. H. Doyle; D. H. Riefenberg

1977-01-01

326

Supporting Struggling Readers in an Inclusive Classroom  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Today's special education movement towards inclusion has created an urgent need toward providing struggling readers with remedial skills as well as ways to access the general education curriculum. In order to help these struggling readers acquire the skills to read and continue to progress in all academic areas, teachers need to have the…

Stuart, Melinda

2008-01-01

327

Changes in Preservice Teacher Attitudes toward Inclusion  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Despite federal mandates to educate students with disabilities in the least restrictive environment, teachers continue to have mixed feelings about their own preparedness to educate students with disabilities in the general education setting. However, research has demonstrated that teachers with more positive attitudes toward inclusion are more…

Swain, Kristine D.; Nordness, Philip D.; Leader-Janssen, Elizabeth M.

2012-01-01

328

Inclusive Design of Ambient Knowledge Transfer  

Microsoft Academic Search

Inclusive Design of knowledge transfer aims to involve different learners and coaches into the transfer process of knowledge in a way that actively supports learning. In this paper we elaborate some benefits for learners and coaches when applying major principles of Maria Montessori along the transfer process of knowledge. Benefits stem from learners' self control and individualised learning experiences. We

Chris Stary; Edith Stary; Stefan Oppl

2006-01-01

329

Transformative Pathways: Inclusive Pedagogies in Teacher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reports a three-year study of Praxis Inquiry based developments in teacher education undertaken by an international consortium of university colleagues who have worked in Australia, Iceland, Latvia, and the United Kingdom. Our study suggests that the attainment of inclusive community responsive pedagogies--in schools and in teacher…

Guojonsdottir, Hafdis; Cacciattolo, Marcelle; Dakich, Eva; Davies, Anne; Kelly, Claire; Dalmau, Mary C.

2008-01-01

330

Inclusivity Imperatives and the Australian National Curriculum  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

With work currently being undertaken on formulating Australia's first national curriculum, now seems an opportune time to review the current state of play with regard to how well inclusivity is being represented in the developing documentation. An accurate understanding of "what is" is often the first step in preparing for "what may be" on a much…

Berlach, Richard G.; Chambers, Dianne J.

2011-01-01

331

Communities of Practice in Inclusive Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The data in this paper represent the experiences and perspectives of parents and teachers who worked as communities of practice, designing support plans for the inclusion of three students with intellectual disabilities in general education classrooms. Their reflections, obtained through interviews and questionnaires, show how they constructed…

Mortier, Kathleen; Hunt, Pam; Leroy, Mieke; Van de Putte, Inge; Van Hove, Geert

2010-01-01

332

Attitudes towards inclusive education in Russia  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper looks at the factors affecting people’s attitudes towards inclusive education — a practice of educating children with special needs jointly with the «ordinary» children. The analysis uses the data from a pilot survey in four Russian regions which covered people with three different types of disability, as well as general population and shows that in general, people with

Maria Gorban

2012-01-01

333

Teachers’ attitudes towards inclusion in Turkey  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigated the opinions of general education teachers working in public elementary schools in Turkey regarding the inclusion of students with disabilities into their classrooms and their willingness also to include students with more severe learning disabilities. One hundred and ninety?four general education teachers completed the survey package. The analysis of data showed that the sample possessed slightly negative

Salih Rakap; Louise Kaczmarek

2010-01-01

334

Making the Social Visible within Inclusive Classrooms  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There is an increasing need to address children's social development in the midst of academic initiatives for early childhood curricula. A study was conducted to make visible and support children's social interactions within inclusive preschool classrooms through documentation from the Reggio Emilia approach. Findings demonstrated that children's…

Katz, Laurie; Galbraith, Jeanne

2006-01-01

335

Functional Differential Inclusions with Integral Boundary Conditions  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we investigate the existence of solutions for a class of second order functional differential inclusions with integral boundary conditions. By using suitable fixed point theorems, we study the case when the right hand side has convex as well as nonconvex values.

Mouffak Benchohra; Samira Hamani; Johnny Henderson

2007-01-01

336

Inclusive Schooling: Are We There yet?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Today, when trying to find a way to an unfamiliar destination, many rely on global positioning systems, or GPS technology. "Recalibrating" and "Whenever possible make a legal U-turn" are now ubiquitous phrases in the audio backdrop to many car trips. One can think about modern-day inclusive education in similar terms. The programming decisions…

Causton, Julie; Theoharis, George

2013-01-01

337

Multiage Instruction and Inclusion: A Collaborative Approach  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes a multiage classroom led by three co-teachers who facilitate the education of 42 students ages six through nine years. The classroom is located in a public school district that practices inclusion and subscribes to the principles of whole schooling. A literature review defines the concepts of co-teaching, multiage education,…

Stuart, Shannon K.; Connor, Mary; Cady, Karin; Zweifel, Alicia

2007-01-01

338

Changes in Preservice Teacher Attitudes Toward Inclusion  

Microsoft Academic Search

Despite federal mandates to educate students with disabilities in the least restrictive environment, teachers continue to have mixed feelings about their own preparedness to educate students with disabilities in the general education setting. However, research has demonstrated that teachers with more positive attitudes toward inclusion are more apt to adjust their instruction and curriculum to meet individual needs of students

Kristine D. Swain; Philip D. Nordness; Elizabeth M. Leader-Janssen

2012-01-01

339

Comprehensive School Reform and Inclusive Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In spite of the emphasis in public policy and the professional literature on developing inclusive programs for students with disabilities over the past 30 years, surprisingly little progress has been made in this regard in school districts across the United States. One approach to change that is currently being used with some success in general…

McLeskey, James; Waldron, Nancy L.

2006-01-01

340

Academic Freedom and the Inclusive University.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The chapters in this collection explore issues related to academic freedom and the inclusive university. The first section, Clarifying Concepts in Ideology, Language, and Law, contains these chapters: (1) Whats Sauce for One Goose: The Logic of Academic Freedom (Stanley Fish); (2) Academic Freedom: Rights as Immunities and Privileges (Frederick…

Kahn, Sharon E., Ed.; Pavlich, Dennis, Ed.

341

The economics of inclusion body processing  

Microsoft Academic Search

Many recombinant proteins are often over-expressed in host cells, such as Escherichia coli, and are found as insoluble and inactive protein aggregates known as inclusion bodies (IBs). Recently, a novel process for IB extraction and solubilisation, based on chemical extraction, has been reported. While this method has the potential to radically intensify traditional IB processing, the process economics of the

G. H. Lee; D. Cooney; A. P. J. Middelberg; W. S. Choe

2006-01-01

342

Inclusive High Schools: Learning from Contemporary Classrooms.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Addressing both processes and outcomes, this book provides a framework for developing inclusive high schools, illustrated by detailed accounts of high schools that have struggled, strategized, and ultimately achieved success. Themes discussed include building crucial school-based relationships, developing support strategies, communicating…

Fisher, Douglas, Ed.; Sax, Caren, Ed.; Pumpian, Ian, Ed.

343

Public Policies that Help Foster Social Inclusion  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Public policies can be effective in raising people's social inclusion as intended only reasonably through their implementation. With respect to the implementation perspective, this study examines the effectiveness of eight policies as perceived to implement in Hong Kong, China. The study employs data collected from 1,109 Chinese adults randomly…

Cheung, Chau-kiu

2013-01-01

344

Working towards Inclusion: Reflections from the Classroom  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article explores developments towards inclusive education being undertaken in some schools in India. Drawing on data collected through interviews with key professionals working in schools and classroom observations, the study focused on the practices and experiences of professionals involved in these efforts. Findings suggest that these…

Singal, Nidhi

2008-01-01

345

Building Inclusive Communities: A Social Capital Approach  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Population shifts have changed the face of many Idaho communities, but inclusive relationships among groups can build the social capital required for communities to thrive. University of Idaho Extension developed "Idaho's Journey for Diversity and Human Rights" as a hands-on traveling workshop about past and present issues of human rights and…

Shaklee, Harriet; Laumatia, Laura; Luckey, Brian; Traver, Sue; Nauman, Arlinda; Tifft, Kathee; Liddil, Audrey; Hampton, Carol

2010-01-01

346

TECHNOLOGY FOR SOCIAL INCLUSION: TELLING VIRTUAL STORIES  

Microsoft Academic Search

The shift in the communication landscape to incorporate multimodal methods of delivery in the teaching and learning of English is making its presence felt in South African higher education spheres, and learners are constructing identities, and negotiating meaning in online spaces. Rather than perpetuate the divide in developing countries, this paper argues for the use of technology for social inclusion,

Leila Kajee

347

Creating Inclusive Schools for All Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In this article, a former principal at Falk Elementary School in Madison, Wisconsin, describes his school's shift as it sought to create an inclusive school for all students and establish an authentic sense of belonging. Nationwide, schools and districts from Concord, New Hampshire, to Whittier, California, and from Cambridge, Massachusetts, to…

Causton-Theoharis, Julie; Theoharis, George

2008-01-01

348

Spectroscopic investigations and crystal structure from synchrotron powder data of the inclusion complex of ?-cyclodextrin with atenolol  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Inclusion complexes of atenolol with ?-cyclodextrin (?-CD) in aqueous solution have been investigated with 1H NMR and UV-vis spectroscopy. The stoichiometry of this inclusion complex was established to be equimolar (1:1) and its stability constant was determined by UV-vis spectroscopy. The crystal structure of the ?-CD-atenolol (1:1) inclusion compound has been solved from synchrotron powder diffraction data using direct-space search techniques. The crystal structure model and 1H NMR data are in good agreement and, with support of Hyperchem MM+ molecular dynamics results, suggest which protons are likely to be involved in the inclusion process that leads to the supramolecular architecture of this guest-host complex.

Borodi, Gheorghe; Bratu, Ioan; Dragan, Felicia; Peschar, René; Helmholdt, Robert B.; Hernanz, Antonio

2008-10-01

349

Acidophilic halophilic microorganisms in fluid inclusions in halite from lake magic, Western australia.  

PubMed

Abstract Lake Magic is one of the most extreme of hundreds of ephemeral acid-saline lakes in southern Western Australia. It has pH as low as 1.7, salinity as high as 32% total dissolved solids, temperatures ranging from 0°C to 50°C, and an unusually complex aqueous composition. Optical petrography, UV-vis petrography, and laser Raman spectrometry were used to detect microorganisms and organic compounds within primary fluid inclusions in modern bedded halite from Lake Magic. Rare prokaryotes appear as 1-3??m, bright cocci that fluoresce green with UV-vis illumination. Dimpled, 5-7??m yellow spherules that fluoresce blue with UV-vis illumination are interpreted as Dunaliella algae. Yellow-orange beta-carotene crystals, globules, and coatings are characterized by orange-red fluorescence and three distinct Raman peaks. Because acid saline lakes are good Mars analogues, the documentation of prokaryotes, eukaryotes, and organic compounds preserved in the halite here has implications for the search for life on Mars. Missions to Mars should incorporate such in situ optical and chemical examination of martian evaporites for possible microorganisms and/or organic compounds in fluid inclusions. Key Words: Acid-Extremophiles-Western Australia-Fluid inclusions-Lake Magic-Dunaliella. Astrobiology 13, 850-860. PMID:23971647

Conner, Amber J; Benison, Kathleen C

2013-08-24

350

Huntingtin Acts in the Nucleus to Induce Apoptosis but Death Does Not Correlate with the Formation of Intranuclear Inclusions  

Microsoft Academic Search

The mechanisms by which mutant huntingtin induces neurodegeneration were investigated using a cellular model that recapitulates features of neurodegeneration seen in Huntington’s disease. When transfected into cultured striatal neurons, mutant huntingtin induces neurodegeneration by an apoptotic mechanism. Antiapoptotic compounds or neurotrophic factors protected neurons against mutant huntingtin. Blocking nuclear localization of mutant huntingtin suppressed its ability to form intranuclear inclusions

Frédéric Saudou; Steven Finkbeiner; Didier Devys; Michael E Greenberg

1998-01-01

351

Neuronal intranuclear inclusions are ultrastructurally and immunologically distinct from cytoplasmic inclusions of neuronal intermediate filament inclusion disease.  

PubMed

Abnormal neuronal cytoplasmic inclusions (NCIs) containing aggregates of alpha-internexin and the neurofilament (NF) subunits, NF-H, NF-M, and NF-L, are the signature lesions of neuronal intermediate filament (IF) inclusion disease (NIFID). The disease has a clinically heterogeneous phenotype, including frontotemporal dementia, pyramidal and extrapyramidal signs presenting at a young age. NCIs are variably ubiquitinated and about half of cases also have neuronal intranuclear inclusions (NIIs), which are also ubiquitinated. NIIs have been described in polyglutamine-repeat expansion diseases, where they are strongly ubiquitin immunoreactive. The fine structure of NIIs of NIFID has not previously been described. Therefore, to determine the ultrastructure of NIIs, immunoelectron microscopy was undertaken on NIFID cases and normal aged control brains. Our results indicate that the NIIs of NIFID are strongly ubiquitin immunoreactive. However, unlike NCIs which contain ubiquitin, alpha-internexin and NF epitopes, NIIs contain neither epitopes of alpha-internexin nor NF subunits. Neither NIIs nor NCIs were recognised by antibodies to expanded polyglutamine repeats. The NII of NIFID lacks a limiting membrane and contains straight filaments of 20 nm mean width (range 11-35 nm), while NCIs contain filaments with a mean width of 10 nm (range 5-18 nm; t-test, P<0.001). Biochemistry revealed no differences in neuronal IF protein mobilities between NIFID and normal brain tissue. Therefore, NIIs of NIFID contain filaments morphologically and immunologically distinct from those of NCIs, and both types of inclusion lack expanded polyglutamine tracts of the triplet-repeat expansion diseases. These observations indicate that abnormal protein aggregation follows separate pathways in different neuronal compartments of NIFID. PMID:16025283

Mosaheb, Sabrina; Thorpe, Julian R; Hashemzadeh-Bonehi, Lida; Bigio, Eileen H; Gearing, Marla; Cairns, Nigel J

2005-07-16

352

FUS pathology in basophilic inclusion body disease.  

PubMed

Basophilic Inclusion Body Disease (BIBD) is a tau-negative form of frontotemporal lobar degeneration (FTLD), characterized by neuronal cytoplasmic inclusions (NCI) that are visible on hematoxylin and eosin stain (HE), contain RNA, and are inconsistently ubiquitin-immunoreactive (ir). The normal nuclear expression of TDP-43 is not altered. Here we investigate whether the distribution of the structurally and functionally related protein fused in sarcoma (FUS) is altered in BIBD. Mutations in the FUS gene have recently been identified as a cause of familial amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). In addition to these familial ALS cases, FUS protein has recently been demonstrated in NCI in a subset of FTLD with ubiquitinated inclusions (atypical FTLD-U) and in neuronal intermediate filament inclusion disease (NIFID). We examined seven BIBD brains of patients with average age at onset 46 (range 29-57) and average duration of disease 8 years (range 5-12). Three cases presented with the behavioural variant of fronto-temporal dementia (FTD-bv) and one with FTD-bv combined with severe dysarthria. All four developed motor neuron disease/ALS syndrome (MND/ALS) several years later. In the other three cases, presentation was predominantly with motor symptoms, construed as MND/ALS in two, and progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP) in one. Severity of cortical degeneration varied, but all cases shared severe nigrostriatal atrophy and lower motor neuron pathology. In spared areas of cortex, FUS antibodies showed intense labelling of neuronal nuclei and weak positivity of cytoplasm, whereas, in affected areas, intense labelling of NCI was accompanied by reduction or disappearance of the normal IR pattern. The number of FUS-ir NCI was much greater than the number detected by HE or with ubiquitin or P62 immunohistochemistry. FUS-ir glial cytoplasmic inclusions (GCI) were abundant in the grey and white matter in all cases, whereas neuronal intranuclear inclusions were rare and only seen in 2/7 cases. Thus, BIBD shares with atypical FTLD-U and NIFID the presence of FUS-ir NCI and GCI, and together comprise a new biochemical category of neurodegenerative disease (FUS proteinopathies). The consistent involvement of motorneurons in BIBD indicates that the association of FTLD and MND/ALS can occur on a FUS or TDP-43 pathological substrate. PMID:19830439

Munoz, David G; Neumann, Manuela; Kusaka, Hirofumi; Yokota, Osamu; Ishihara, Kenji; Terada, Seishi; Kuroda, Shigetoshi; Mackenzie, Ian R

2009-10-15

353

Inclusion chemistry in periodic mesoporous hosts  

SciTech Connect

This review provides an overview of different aspects of inclusion chemistry in ordered mesoporous host materials such as MCM-41 or MCM-48 (Mobil codes). A rich field of inclusion chemistry has been explored in this context, including sorption, ion exchange, inhibition followed by reduction, grafting of reactive metal alkoxides, halides, etc., grafting of silane coupling agents (sometimes followed by subsequent reactions), grafting of reactive metal complexes, and polymerization in the channels. Finally, co-condensation of reactive species during the mesopore synthesis is a method to incorporate functionality into the walls of the channel system. Important applications of these modified and functionalized systems are heterogeneous catalysis and photocatalysis involving bulky grated catalysts and/or the conversion of large substrates. Other potential applications include ion exchange and separations, removal of heavy metals, chromatography, stabilization of quantum wires, stabilization of dyes, and polymer composites.

Moller, K.; Bein, T. [Purdue Univ., West Lafayette, IN (United States). Dept. of Chemistry

1998-10-01

354

Inclusive Semileptonic B Decays at BABAR  

SciTech Connect

The authors report updates on two analyses of inclusive semileptonic B decays based on a dataset of 89 million B{bar B} events recorded with the BABAR detector at the {Upsilon}(4S) resonance. Events are selected by fully reconstructing the decay of one B meson and identifying a charged lepton from the decay of the other {bar B} meson. IN the first analysis, the measurement of the first and second moment of the hadronic mass distribution in Cabibbo-favored {bar B} {yields} X{sub c}{ell}{bar {nu}} decays allows for the determination of the nonperturbative parameters {bar {Lambda}} and {lambda}{sub 1} of Heavy Quark Effective Theory (HQET) and |V{sub cb}|. In the second analysis, the hadronic mass distribution is used to measure the inclusive charmless semileptonic branching fraction and to determine |V{sub ub}|.

Langenegger, U

2004-01-27

355

Formalizing Darwinism and inclusive fitness theory.  

PubMed

Inclusive fitness maximization is a basic building block for biological contributions to any theory of the evolution of society. There is a view in mathematical population genetics that nothing is caused to be maximized in the process of natural selection, but this is explained as arising from a misunderstanding about the meaning of fitness maximization. Current theoretical work on inclusive fitness is discussed, with emphasis on the author's 'formal Darwinism project'. Generally, favourable conclusions are drawn about the validity of assuming fitness maximization, but the need for continuing work is emphasized, along with the possibility that substantive exceptions may be uncovered. The formal Darwinism project aims more ambitiously to represent in a formal mathematical framework the central point of Darwin's Origin of Species, that the mechanical processes of inheritance and reproduction can give rise to the appearance of design, and it is a fitting ambition in Darwin's bicentenary year to capture his most profound discovery in the lingua franca of science. PMID:19805422

Grafen, Alan

2009-11-12

356

Dynamics of a Compound Vesicle in Shear Flow  

Microsoft Academic Search

The dynamics of a compound vesicle (a lipid bilayer membrane enclosing a fluid with a suspended particle) in shear flow is investigated by using both numerical simulations and theoretical analysis. We find that the nonlinear hydrodynamic interaction between the inclusion and the confining membrane gives rise to new features of the vesicle dynamics: The transition from tank treading to tumbling

Shravan K. Veerapaneni; Y.-N. Young; Petia M. Vlahovska; Jerzy Blawzdziewicz

2011-01-01

357

Inclusive jet cross section measurement at CDF  

SciTech Connect

The CDF Collaboration has measured the inclusive jet cross section using 1992-93 collider data at 1.8 TeV. The CDF measurement is in very good agreement with NLO QCD predictions for transverse energies (E{sub T}) below 200 GeV. However, it is systematically higher than NLO QCD predictions for E{sub T} above 200 GeV.

Pagliarone, C. [Universita di Torino and INFN, Trieste (Italy)

1996-08-01

358

Theory Predictions for Inclusive atmospheric Neutrino flux  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We describe the history of theory prediction of inclusive atmospheric neutrino flux shortly, then the 3-dimensional calculation of atmospheric neutrino flux in some detail. With the calculated atmospheric neutrino flux for INO and South Pole, we discuss on the relation of atmospheric neutrino flux and geomagnetic field. We find the full 3-dimensional scheme calculation is necessary for the theory prediction of the atmospheric neutrino flux.

Honda, Morihiro

2013-06-01

359

Inclusion body myositis: Review of recent literature  

Microsoft Academic Search

Inclusion body myositis (IBM) is a progressive inflammatory skeletal muscle disease of unknown cause and without effective\\u000a treatment. This article discusses existing literature, emphasizing disease mechanisms and models. In particular, it addresses\\u000a limitations in the ?-amyloid-mediated theory of IBM myofiber injury, flawed rationales of animal models of this disease, and\\u000a recent reports regarding treatment.

Steven A. Greenberg

2009-01-01

360

Inclusive jet cross section at D0  

SciTech Connect

Preliminary measurement of the central ({vert_bar}{eta}{vert_bar} {<=} 0.5) inclusive jet cross sections for jet cone sizes of 1.0, 0.7, and 0.5 at D{null} based on the 1992-1993 (13.7 {ital pb}{sup -1}) and 1994-1995 (90 {ital pb}{sup -1}) data samples are presented. Comparisons to Next-to-Leading Order (NLO) Quantum Chromodynamics (QCD) calculations are made.

Bhattacharjee, M. [Delhi Univ. (India). Dept. of Physics and Astrophysics

1996-09-01

361

Possible odderon effects in inclusive hadron production  

Microsoft Academic Search

We consider the possible contribution of odderon (reggeon with ?\\u000a Odd(0)?1 and negative signature) exchange to the differences in the inclusive spectra of particle and antiparticle in the central\\u000a region. The energies and\\/or accuracy of the currently available experimental data do not allow for a clear conclusion on the\\u000a presence of an odderon component, but the upcoming LHC data should

C. Merino; M. M. Ryzhinskiy; Yu. M. Shabelski

2009-01-01

362

Interference effects from inclusive resonance production  

Microsoft Academic Search

If pions produced at high-energy reactions are decay products of narrow resonances, Bose interference effects at small invariant pion-pion masses are model-independently calculable from (inclusive) resonance production cross sections. We find that the pi-pi- correlations due to the analogue of the Hanbury Brown-Twiss effect are narrower than those currently observed, the latter being due to more complicated interferences.

P. Grassberger

1977-01-01

363

Inclusiveness in higher education in Egypt  

Microsoft Academic Search

In Egypt, before 1952, education, especially higher education, was the province of a privileged few. After the 1952 Revolution,\\u000a in pursuit of social justice and economic development, Egypt’s leaders eliminated fees, instituted a universal admission examination,\\u000a promised government employment to all graduates of higher education, and expanded the number of places. Officials expected\\u000a these policies to increase inclusiveness as enrollments

Emily Cupito; Ray Langsten

2011-01-01

364

Interpretation of 26Al in Meteoritic Inclusions  

Microsoft Academic Search

We suggest that the large 26Al\\/27Al = 5 x 10-5 abundance ratio found in calcium-aluminum--rich inclusions (CAIs) in meteorites is produced by energetic particle irradiation in the early solar system but only in a thin (0.2 g cm-2) skin of the solar preplanetary disk that stops the energetic particles. Buildup of that 26Al concentration happens only during the quiescent, or

Donald D. Clayton; Liping Jin

1995-01-01

365

Inclusive production of D  

Microsoft Academic Search

.   The inclusive production of mesons in photon-photon collisions has been measured using the OPAL detector at LEP at centre-of-mass energies of 183 and 189 GeV. The mesons are reconstructed in their decay to with the observed in the two decay modes and . After background subtraction, \\u000a mesons have been selected in events without observed scattered beam electron (“anti-tagged”) and

K. Ackerstaff; G. Alexander; J. Allison; S. Arcelli; S. Asai; D. Axen; G. Azuelos; I. Bailey; E. Barberio; T. Barillari; S. Baumann; T. Behnke; G. Bella; A. Bellerive; S. Bentvelsen; S. Bethke; S. Betts; O. Biebel; A. Biguzzi; O. Boeriu; D. Bonacorsi; M. Boutemeur; S. Braibant; P. Bright-Thomas; L. Brigliadori; P. Capiluppi; D. Chrisman; C. Ciocca; E. Clay; I. Cohen; J. Couchman; C. Couyoumtzelis; M. Cuffiani; S. Dado; S. Dallison; R. Davis; P. Dervan; K. Desch; B. Dienes; M. Donkers; J. Dubbert; E. Duchovni; G. Duckeck; E. Etzion; F. Fabbri; A. Fanfani; M. Fanti; L. Feld; P. Ferrari; F. Fiedler; M. Fierro; I. Fleck; A. Frey; P. Gagnon; G. Gaycken; C. Geich-Gimbel; G. Giacomelli; P. Giacomelli; D. Glenzinski; J. Goldberg; W. Gorn; C. Grandi; K. Graham; E. Gross; J. Grunhaus; C. Hajdu; M. Hansroul; M. Hapke; K. Harder; A. Harel; M. Harin; M. Hauschild; R. Hawkings; G. Herten; A. Hocker; K. Hoffman; R. Howard; P. Igo-Kemenes; K. Ishii; A. Jawahery; H. Jeremie; M. Jimack; P. Jovanovic; N. Kanaya; J. Kanzaki; G. Karapetian; D. Karlen; V. Kartvelishvili; K. Kawagoe; T. Kawamoto; A. Klier; T. Kobayashi; M. Kobel; M. Kolrep; S. Komamiya; T. Kress; P. Krieger; T. Kuhl; M. Kupper; P. Kyberd; H. Landsman; D. Lanske; J. Lauber; I. Lawson; D. Lellouch; J. Letts; L. Levinson; R. Liebisch; J. Lillich; C. Littlewood; J. Lu; J. Ludwig; A. Macchiolo; A. Macpherson; W. Mader; M. Mannelli; S. Marcellini; G. Martinez; T. Mashimo; J. McKenna; F. Meijers; P. Mendez-Lorenzo; H. Mes; I. Meyer; A. Michelini; S. Mihara; G. Mikenberg; W. Mohr; A. Montanari; T. Mori; K. Nagai; I. Nakamura; R. Nisius; F. Odorici; A. Okpara

2000-01-01

366

Inclusive J production in Z0 decays  

Microsoft Academic Search

Inclusive J production in Z0 decays is observed via the leptonic decay mode J --> l+l- (l = e,mu). We measure the branching ratio Br(Z0 --> J + X) = (4.1 +\\/- 0.7 (stat.) +\\/- 0.3 (sys.)) × 10-3. We have calculated the fraction of the J mesons from b-hadron decay and find a branching ratio of Br(b --> J

O. Adriani; M. Aguilar-Benitez; S. P. Ahlen; H. Akbari; J. Alcaraz; A. Aloisio; G. Alverson; M. G. Alviggi; G. Ambrosi; O. An; H. Anderhub; A. L. Anderson; V. P. Andreev; T. Angelov; L. Antonov; D. Antreasyan; P. Arce; A. Arefiev; A G Atamanchuk; T. Azemoon; T. Aziz; P. V. K. S. Baba; P. Bagnaia; J. A. Bakken; L. Baksay; R. C. Ball; S. Banerjee; J. Bao; R. Barillère; L. Barone; R. Battiston; A. Bay; F. Becattini; U. Becker; F. Behner; J. Behrens; S. Beingessner; Gy. L. Bencze; J. Berdugo; P. Berges; B. Bertucci; B. L. Betev; M. Biasini; A. Biland; G. M. Bilei; R. Bizzarri; J. J. Blaising; B. Blumenfeld; Gerjan J Bobbink; M. Bocciolini; R K Böck; A. Böhm; B. Borgia; D. Bourilkov; Maurice Bourquin; D. Boutigny; B T Bouwens; Elena Brambilla; J. G. Branson; I. C. Brock; M. Brooks; C. Buisson; A T Bujak; J. D. Burger; W. J. Burger; J. P. Burq; J K Busenitz; X. D. Cai; M. Capell; M. Caria; G. Carlino; F. Carminati; A. M. Cartacci; M. Cerrada; F. Cesaroni; Y. H. Chang; U. K. Chaturvedi; M. Chemarin; A. Chen; C. Chen; G. M. Chen; H. F. Chen; H. S. Chen; J. Chen; M. L. Chen; W. Y. Chen; G. Chiefari; C. Y. Chien; M. Chmeissani; S. Chung; C. Civinini; I. Clare; R. Clare; T. E. Coan; H. O. Cohn; G. Coignet; N. Colino; A. Contin; F. Crijns; X. T. Cui; X. Y. Cui; T. S. Dai; R. D'Alessandro; R. de Asmundis; A. Degré; K. Deiters; E. Dénes; P. Denes; F. Denotaristefani; M. Dhina; Daryl DiBitonto; M. Diemoz; H. R. Dimitrov; C. Dionisi; M. T. Dova; E. Drago; T. Driever; D. Duchesneau; P. Duinker; H. El Mamouni; A. Engler; F. J. Eppling; P. Extermann; R. Fabbretti; M. Fabre; S. Falciano; O. Fackler; J. Fay; M. Felcini; T. Ferguson; D. Fernandez; G. Fernandez; F. Ferroni; H. Fesefeldt; E. Fiandrini; J. Field; F. Filthaut; G. Finocchiaro; P. H. Fisher; G. Forconi; T. Foreman; K. Freudenreich; W. Friebel; M. Fukushima; M. Gailloud; Yu. Galaktionov; E. Gallo; S. N. Ganguli; P. Garcia-Abia; S. S. Gau; D. Gele; S. Gentile; S. Goldfarb; Z. F. Gong; E. Gonzalez; P. Göttlicher; A. Gougas; D. Goujon; G. Gratta; C. Grinnell; M. Gruenewald; C. Gu; M. Guanziroli; J. K. Guo; V. K. Gupta; A. Gurtu; H. R. Gustafson; L. J. Gutay; K. Hangarter; A. Hasan; D. Hauschildt; C. F. He; T. Hebbeker; M. Hebert; G. Herten; U. Herten; A. Hervé; K. Hilgers; H. Hofer; H. Hoorani; G. Hu; B. Ille; M. M. Ilyas; V. Innocente; H. Janssen; S. Jezequel; B. N. Jin; L. W. Jones; A. Kasser; R. A. Khan; Yu. Kamyshkov; P. Kapinos; J. S. Kapustinsky; Y. Karyotakis; M. Kaur; S. Khokhar; M. N. Kienzle-Focacci; W. W. Kinnison; D. Kirkby; S. Kirsch; W. Kittel; A. Klimentov; E. Koffeman; O. Kornadt; V. Koutsenko; A. Koulbardis; R. W. Kraemer; T. Kramer; V. R. Krastev; W. Krenz; A. Krivschich; H. Kuitjen; K. S. Kumar; A. Kunin; G. Landi; D. Lanske; S. Lanzano; P. Lebrun; P. Lecomte; P. Le Coultre; D. M. Lee; I. Leedom; J. M. Le Goff; R. Leiste; M. Lenti; E. Leonardi; J. Lettry; X. Leytens; C. Li; H. T. Li; P. J. Li; X. G. Li; J. Y. Liao; W. T. Lin; Z. Y. Lin; F. L. Linde; B. Lindemann; D. Linnhofer; L. Lista; Y. Liu; W. Lohmann; E. Longo; Y. S. Lu; J. M. Lubbers; K. Lübelsmeyer; C. Luci; D. Luckey; L. Ludovici; L. Luminari; W. G. Ma; M. MacDermott; P. K. Malhotra; R. Malik; A. Malinin; C. Maña; D. N. Mao; Y. F. Mao; M. Maolinbay; P A Marchesini; F. Marion; A. Marin; J. P. Martin; L. Martinez-Laso; F. Marzano; G. G. G. Massaro; T. Matsuda; K. Mazumdar; P. McBride; T. McMahon; D. McNally; Th. Meinholz; M. Merk; L. Merola; M. Meschini; W. J. Metzger; Y. Mi; G. B. Mills; Y. Mir; G. Mirabelli; J. Mnich; M. Möller; B. Monteleoni; R. Morand; S. Morganti; N. E. Moulai; R. Mount; S. Müller; A. Nadtochy; E. Nagy; M. Napolitano; H. Newman; C. Neyer; M. A. Niaz; A. Nippe; H. Nowak; G Organtini; D. Pandoulas; S. Paoletti; P. Paolucci; G. Passaleva; S. Patricelli; T. Paul; M. Pauluzzi; F. Pauss; Y. J. Pei; D. Perret-Gallix; J. Perrier; A. Pevsner; D. Piccolo; M. Pieri; P. A. Piroué; F. Plasil; V Pozhidaev; M. Pohl; V. Pojidaev; N. Produit; J. M. Qian; K. N. Qureshi; R. Raghavan; G. Rahal-Callot; G. Raven; P. Razis; K. Read; D. Ren; Z. Ren; M. Rescigno; S. Reucroft; A. Ricker; S. Riemann; O. Rind; H. A. Rizvi; F. J. Rodriguez; B. P. Roe; M. Röhner; S Rosier-Lees; L. Romero; J. Rose; R. Rosmalen; Ph. Rosselet; A. Rubbia; J. A. Rubio; H. Rykaczewski; M. Sachwitz; E. Sajan; J. Salicio; G Sartorelli; A. Santocchia; M. S. Sarakinos; M. Sassowsky; G. Sauvage; V. Schegelsky; K. Schmiemann; D. Schmitz; P. Schmitz; M. Schneegans; H J Schreiber; D. J. Schotanus; S. Shotkin; J. Shukla; R. Schulte; S. Schulte; K. Schultze; J. Schütte; J. Schwenke; G. Schwering; C. Sciacca; I. Scott; R. Sehgal; P. G. Seiler; J. C. Sens; L. Servoli; I. Sheer; D. Z. Shen; S. Shevchenko; X. R. Shi; E. Shumilov; V. Shoutko; E. Soderstrom; A. Sopczak; C. Spartiotis; T. Spickermann; P. Spillantini; R. Starosta; M. Steuer; D. P. Stickland; F. Sticozzi; H. Stone; K. Strauch

1992-01-01

367

Inclusive jet production at the Tevatron  

SciTech Connect

Preliminary results on inclusive jet production in proton-antiproton collisions at {radical}s = 1.96 TeV based on 1 fb{sup -1} of CDF Run II data are presented. Measurements are preformed using different jet algorithms in a wide range of jet transverse momentum and jet rapidity. The measured cross sections are compared to next-to-leading order perturbative QCD calculations

Norniella, Olga; /Barcelona, IFAE

2006-08-01

368

Diversity: creating an environment of inclusiveness.  

PubMed

Diversity is a concept that most organizations espouse but find challenging to put into practice. It is especially critical for healthcare organizations to be responsive in addressing issues of diversity related to not only employees but also clients. This article identifies the following 3 areas that must be addressed if an organization is to succeed in creating an environment where diversity and inclusiveness are honored: (1) organizations and their leaders need to be aware of their reactions "those who are different" in their organization. This awareness is critical in identifying the underlying obstacles that prevent a truly inclusive workplace; (2) organizations and their leaders need to be able to expand their perspectives allowing them to not only understand but appreciate others. These expanded perspectives can provide a potentially powerful tool for both problem solving and conflict resolution; (3) if organizations and their leaders are actively engaged in exploring options and are open to alternatives, they will find that they not only succeed in creating an environment of inclusiveness but also are in a better position to meet the needs of employees, patients, and a multicultural society. PMID:15446609

Swanson, Jane W

369

Method for imaging inclusions in investment castings  

US Patent & Trademark Office Database

A metal or metal alloy article is cast using an investment casting mold where the mold facecoat, and perhaps one or more of the mold backup layers, comprises an imaging agent distributed substantially uniformly throughout in amounts sufficient for imaging inclusions. The facecoat preferably comprises an intimate mixture of a refractory material and the imaging agent. Intimate mixtures can be produced in a number of ways, but a currently preferred method is to cocalcine the refractory material, such as yttria, with the imaging agent, such as gadolinia. The facecoat also can comprise plural mold-forming materials and/or plural imaging agents. The difference between the linear attenuation coefficient of the article and the linear attenuation coefficient of the imaging agent should be sufficient to allow imaging of the inclusion throughout the article. The metal or metal alloy article is then analyzed for inclusions by N-ray analysis. The method also can include the step of analyzing the metal or metal alloy by X-ray analysis. The imaging agent, typically a metal oxide or salt, comprises a material selected from the group consisting of boron, neodymium, samarium, europium, gadolinium, dysprosium, holmium, erbium, ytterbium, lutetium, iridium, physical mixtures thereof and chemical mixtures thereof.

Sturgis; David Howard (Boring, OR); Barrett; James R. (Milwaukie, OR); Springgate; Mark E. (Portland, OR); Yasrebi; Mehrdad (Clackamas, OR); Nikolas; Douglas G. (Battleground, WA)

2000-08-15

370

Familial Encephalopathy with Neuroserpin Inclusion Bodies  

PubMed Central

We report on a new familial neurodegenerative disease with associated dementia that has presented clinically in the fifth decade, in both genders, and in each of several generations of a large family from New York State—a pattern of inheritance consistent with an autosomal dominant mode of transmission. A key pathological finding is the presence of neuronal inclusion bodies distributed throughout the gray matter of the cerebral cortex and in certain subcortical nuclei. These inclusions are distinct from any described previously and henceforth are identified as Collins bodies. The Collins bodies can be isolated by simple biochemical procedures and have a surprisingly simple composition; neuroserpin (a serine protease inhibitor) is their predominant component. An affinity-purified antibody against neuroserpin specifically labels the Collins bodies, confirming their chemical composition. Therefore, we propose a new disease entity—familial encephalopathy with neuroserpin inclusion bodies (FENIB). The conclusion that FENIB is a previously unrecognized neurodegenerative disease is supported by finding Collins bodies in a small kindred from Oregon with familial dementia who are unrelated to the New York family. The autosomal dominant inheritance strongly suggests that FENIB is caused by mutations in the neuroserpin gene, resulting in intracellular accumulation of the mutant protein.

Davis, Richard L.; Holohan, Peter D.; Shrimpton, Antony E.; Tatum, Arthur H.; Daucher, John; Collins, George H.; Todd, Robert; Bradshaw, Charles; Kent, Paul; Feiglin, David; Rosenbaum, Arthur; Yerby, Mark S.; Shaw, Cheng-Mei; Lacbawan, Felicitas; Lawrence, Daniel A.

1999-01-01

371

Characterization of the Parasporal Inclusion of Bacillus thuringiensis Subsp. Kyushuensis.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Bacillus thuringiensis var. kyushuensis synthesizes an irregularly shaped parasporal inclusion during sporulation. Electron microscopy revealed that the inclusions are composed of a relatively homogeneous appearing center surrounded by a thick, electron d...

G. A. Held C. Y. Kawanishi Y. Huang

1990-01-01

372

Influence of Inclusion Chemical Composition on Weld Metal Microstructure,  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The effects of nonmetallic inclusions on weld metal microstructures were investigated. The inclusions were extracted from niobium microalloyed steel weld metal specimens, and examined with light and electron microscopic techniques. An EDS (ENergy Dispensi...

S. Liu D. L. Olson

1987-01-01

373

CHARACTERIZATION OF THE PARASPORAL INCLUSION OF BACILLUS THURINGIENSIS VAR. KYUSHUENSIS  

EPA Science Inventory

Bacillus thuringiensis var. kyushuensis synthesizes an irregularly shaped parasporal inclusion during sporulation. lectron microscopy revealed that the inclusions are composed of a relatively homogeneous appearing center surrounded by a thick, electron dense coating. urified incl...

374

Explicit Determination of Piezoelectric Eshelby Tensors for a Spheroidal Inclusion.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In this paper, by systematically treating the integrals involved in the piezoelectric inclusion problem, explicit results were obtained for the piezoelectric Eshelby tensors for a spheroidal inclusion aligned along the axis of the anisotropy in a transver...

Y. Mikata

2001-01-01

375

Effects of the inclusive dipole-pomeron to exclusive processes  

Microsoft Academic Search

The consequences of the inclusive dipole-Pomeron for the exclusive processes are investigated. In the weak coupling limit a two component picture for the production mechanism is obtained and self-consistency of the inclusive Pomeron dipole is found.

N. G. Antoniou; C. B. Kouris; G. M. Papaioannou; E. K. Manesis

1975-01-01

376

Roosevelt University and Inclusiveness in American Higher Education  

Microsoft Academic Search

This essay provides a brief history of inclusion in American higher education by recounting the experience of faculty and students at Roosevelt University, one of the most inclusive and diverse institutions in the United States.

Charles R. Middleton

2009-01-01

377

The influence of inclusion chemical composition on weld metal microstructure  

Microsoft Academic Search

The effects of nonmetallic inclusions on weld metal microstructures were investigated. The inclusions were extracted from\\u000a niobium microalloyed steel weld metal specimens, and examined with light and electron microscopic techniques. An EDS (Energy\\u000a Dispensive Spectroscopy) system was used to determine the chemical composition of the inclusions. Correlation between weld\\u000a metal and inclusion composition was established. Aluminum, titanium, sulfur, and iron

S. Liu; D. L. Olson

1987-01-01

378

3D Volumetric Analysis of Fluid Inclusions Using Confocal Microscopy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Fluid inclusions preserve valuable information regarding hydrothermal, metamorphic, and magmatic processes. The molar quantities of liquid and gaseous components in the inclusions can be estimated from their volumetric measurements at room temperatures combined with knowledge of the PVTX properties of the fluid and homogenization temperatures. Thus, accurate measurements of inclusion volumes and their two phase components are critical. One of

A. Proussevitch; G. Mulukutla; D. Sahagian; B. Bodnar

2009-01-01

379

Trekking Back to Mainstream for Inclusive Education, Is It There?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper explores the ecosystemic management strategies for inclusive schools due to challenges faced by the schools in the mainstream school where learners from the specialised institutions are referred back to mainstream for inclusive education. Ecosystemic perspective on inclusive education, ecological theories and systems theories underpin…

Kalenga, Rosemary Chimbala; Fourie, Elsa

2012-01-01

380

Leadership Strategies for Successful Schoolwide Inclusion: The STAR Approach  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Effective, "schoolwide" inclusion ensures the best outcomes for all students--but how can school teams knock down the barriers to inclusion and make sure it's happening across all classrooms? This concise book gives principals and other school leaders the solution they've been waiting for: a clear framework for leading inclusion efforts,…

Munk, Dennis D.; Dempsey, Thomas L.

2010-01-01

381

Inclusion: Seeking educational excellence for students with disabilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

The authors of this article examine contemporary issues related to the inclusion of students with disabilities in typical education classrooms. The article begins with pertinent areas of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) of 1990. Definitions of inclusion are provided, and position statements from various professional organizations are addressed. Other sections focus on issues related to inclusion and propose

Bruno J. DAlonzo; Gerard Giordano; Tracy L. Cross

1995-01-01

382

Mbosi: an anomalous iron with unique silicate inclusions  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Mbosi iron meteorite contains millimeter size silicate inclusions. Mbosi is an ungrouped iron with a Ge\\/Ga ratio >10, an anomalous property shared with the five-member IIF iron group, the Eagle Station pallasites and four other ungrouped irons. Neither the IIF group nor the four other ungrouped irons are known to have silicate inclusions. Chips from three Mbosi inclusions were

Edward J. Olsen; Robert N. Clayton; Toshiko K. Mayeda; Andrew M. Davis; Roy S. Clarke Jr.; John T. Wasson

1996-01-01

383

Parent Perspectives on Inclusive Education in Rural Alberta, Canada  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper is one of a series of papers examining inclusive education in the context of a rural Canadian school district that has adopted a philosophy of inclusion. The results of a survey of 438 parents on their views about aspects of inclusive education at their youngest child's school are reported. The results indicate that the majority of…

Loreman, Tim; McGhie-Richmond, Donna; Barber, Jennifer; Lupart, Judy

2009-01-01

384

Problem-Solving Methods to Facilitate Inclusive Education  

Microsoft Academic Search

Inclusive education practices require people to work together to invent opportunities and solutions that maximize the learning experiences of all children. This chapter presents ways of planning, adapting, and implementing inclusive educational experiences for students of vary- ing abilities. It is a how-to chapter that is based on the assumption that inclusive educational experiences are desirable for children with and

Michael F. Giangreco; Chigee J. Cloninger; Ruth E. Dennis; Susan W. Edelman

385

Inclusive Education in New Zealand: culture, context and ideology  

Microsoft Academic Search

Parents and teachers in New Zealand who have developed inclusive, non? discriminatory classrooms and schools are supported by education and human rights legislation and by recent policy on special education. Resistance to inclusion within the education system may be seen as reflecting disablist attitudes and practices. Inclusion values diversity, not assimilation. It is consistent with separate development, which might be

Keith Ballard

1996-01-01

386

Inclusion and Guilt: The Emotional Fallout for Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The principle of inclusion of children with exceptionalities is accepted by teachers, but the practice of inclusion is problematic, particularly at the secondary level. In a study of inclusion and the impact of budgetary constraints in Nova Scotia, teachers reported that they had difficulty meeting the needs of all students within their classroom…

Macmillan, Robert; Meyer, Matthew J.

2006-01-01

387

Equivalent inclusion method for steady state heat conduction in composites  

Microsoft Academic Search

The equivalent inclusion method is proposed to solve the steady state heat conduction problems in composites. This method is analogous to Eshelby's equivalent inclusion method in elasticity. Thus, the solution procedure by this method is very simple, involving only algebraic operations. The equivalent inclusion method developed here is also applicable to the case of high concentrations of ellipsoidal inhomogeneities. As

H Hiroshi; M. Taya

1986-01-01

388

Thermal Expansions of Heterogeneous Solids Containing Aligned Ellipsoidal Inclusions  

Microsoft Academic Search

A theoretical study has been made to predict overall thermal expansion characteristics of a two-phase material consisting of a matrix and aligned ellipsoidal inclusions. The calculation is based on Eshelby's theory on the transformation problem; an approximate method is Introduced to account for the effect of finite concentrations of the inclusions. The following two cases are treated: elastic matrix-elastic inclusions

K. Wakashima; M. Otsuka; S. Umekawa

1974-01-01

389

Mixed feelings: towards a continuum of inclusive pedagogies  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents approaches to inclusion taken by primary teachers and discusses the institutional contexts in which these are located. Focusing on the development of enabling practices for the inclusion of children accredited with ‘special educational needs’ (SEN), a continuum of approaches is identified, ranging from inclusive to integrationist and exclusionary orientated stances. Here we draw on data gathered through

Alison Wilde; Elias Avramidis

2011-01-01

390

26 CFR 26.2642-1 - Inclusion ratio.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-04-01 2009-04-01 false Inclusion ratio. 26.2642-1 Section 26...REFORM ACT OF 1986 § 26.2642-1 Inclusion ratio. (a) In general. Except as otherwise provided in this section, the inclusion ratio is determined by...

2009-04-01

391

26 CFR 26.2642-1 - Inclusion ratio.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Inclusion ratio. 26.2642-1 Section 26...REFORM ACT OF 1986 § 26.2642-1 Inclusion ratio. (a) In general. Except as otherwise provided in this section, the inclusion ratio is determined by...

2010-04-01

392

26 CFR 26.2642-5 - Finality of inclusion ratio.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Finality of inclusion ratio. 26.2642-5 Section 26.2642-5...OF 1986 § 26.2642-5 Finality of inclusion ratio. (a) Direct skips. The inclusion ratio applicable to a direct skip...

2010-04-01

393

26 CFR 26.2642-5 - Finality of inclusion ratio.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-04-01 2009-04-01 false Finality of inclusion ratio. 26.2642-5 Section 26.2642-5...OF 1986 § 26.2642-5 Finality of inclusion ratio. (a) Direct skips. The inclusion ratio applicable to a direct skip...

2009-04-01

394

Teacher Leadership: Agency, Enquiry and Inclusion in School Improvement  

Microsoft Academic Search

Theoretical frameworks and practical strategies for inclusion, e.g. from the 'Index for Inclusion' (Booth and Ainscow, 2002) are already well established in supporting schools in identifying and tacking barriers to learning and participation. These ideas can also offer a fresh perspective in exploring leadership and agency in relation to school improvement. What do principles of inclusion have to offer to

Judy Durrant

395

Local special education administrators’ understanding of inclusive education in China  

Microsoft Academic Search

China's inclusive education initiative began in mid-1980s under the name of “Learning in Regular Classrooms”. The purpose of this research is to examine how Chinese Local Special Education Administrators understand the ideology of inclusive education and LRC model by using a qualitative investigation. The results indicate that the Chinese inclusion is driven by pragmatic needs to enroll more children with

Meng Deng; Ling Guo

2007-01-01

396

The Teacher Attitudes Toward Inclusion Scale (TATIS) Technical Report  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Teacher attitudes toward the inclusion of children with disabilities into general education classrooms have been found to be strong predictors of the success of efforts to create inclusive learning communities. Specifically, research has shown that when teachers have positive mindsets toward inclusion, they more readily adapt their teaching…

Cullen, Joseph P.; Gregory, Jess L.; Noto, Lori A.

2010-01-01

397

Trekking back to mainstream for inclusive education, is it there?  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper explores the ecosystemic management strategies for inclusive schools due to challenges faced by the schools in the mainstream school where learners from the specialised institutions are referred back to mainstream for inclusive education. Ecosystemic perspective on inclusive education, ecological theories and systems theories underpin this paper. The study was done through interviews, field notes and observations of 120

Rosemary Chimbala Kalenga; Elsa Fourie

2011-01-01

398

Trekking back to mainstream for inclusive education, is it there?  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper explores the ecosystemic management strategies for inclusive schools due to challenges faced by the schools in the mainstream school where learners from the specialised institutions are referred back to mainstream for inclusive education. Ecosystemic perspective on inclusive education, ecological theories and systems theories underpin this paper. The study was done through interviews, field notes and observations of 120

Rosemary Chimbala Kalenga; Elsa Fourie

2012-01-01

399

Inclusive Education, Exclusion and Difficult Difference: A Call for Humanity?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article presents the author's review of three books: (1) "The irregular school: exclusion, schooling and inclusive education," by Roger Slee; (2) "Confronting obstacles to inclusion: international responses to developing inclusive education," edited by Richard Rose; and (3) ""Hanging in with the kids" in tough times: engagement in contexts…

Rogers, Chrissie

2012-01-01

400

The Strategy of Social Inclusion in the Czech Republic  

Microsoft Academic Search

After the new EU member states had accepted the Joint Memorandum on Social Inclusion in 2003 they elaborated National Action Plans on Social Inclusion for the period 2004-2006 and recently for the period 2006-2008. At the theoretical level, the paper assesses the possibilities of the agenda of social inclusion implemented into national social policies through the Open Method of Coordination

Miroslava Rákoczyová

401

Leadership Strategies for Successful Schoolwide Inclusion: The STAR Approach  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Effective, "schoolwide" inclusion ensures the best outcomes for all students--but how can school teams knock down the barriers to inclusion and make sure it's happening across all classrooms? This concise book gives principals and other school leaders the solution they've been waiting for: a clear framework for leading inclusion efforts,…

Munk, Dennis D.; Dempsey, Thomas L.

2010-01-01

402

Teacher Perspectives on Inclusive Education in Rural Alberta, Canada  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The results of 123 elementary-to-secondary teacher surveys and 14 in-depth qualitative interviews examining teachers' perspectives regarding inclusion in a rural school district are reported. Four features of inclusive education from the perspective of teachers are elaborated: (1) attitudes toward inclusion; (2) supportive communication and…

McGhie-Richmond, Donna; Irvine, Angela; Loreman, Tim; Cizman, Juna Lea; Lupart, Judy

2013-01-01

403

What Are Schools Looking for in New, Inclusive Teachers?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Focus groups were conducted in four school divisions in central Canada in order to determine whether inclusive educators in schools could identify the knowledge base, skills set, and attitudes desirable in new inclusive teachers. Participants failed to identify an essential knowledge base for inclusive educators. Findings indicated that a focus…

Sokal, Laura

2012-01-01

404

Inclusion of Students with Mild Disabilities: Accessing the General Curriculum  

Microsoft Academic Search

Inclusion in general education classrooms is generally believed to have many benefits for students with disabilities. However, relatively little is known about the process of successful inclusion. The broad purpose of this study was to explore the process of inclusion. It sought to discover the variables that may have contributed to the learning experiences and outcomes of two students with

OrnellesCecily

2006-01-01

405

INCLUSION IN EARLY CHILDHOOD PROGRAMS: A KALEIDOSCOPE OF DIVERSITY  

Microsoft Academic Search

Programs for young children are ever changing, becoming a kaleidoscope of diversity as inclusion is implemented. Inclusion of students wit h diverse levels of disabilities has caused concern from parents and teachers. This arti cle presents some concerns that arise from inclusion and ways of dealing with them. Problem ll areas of education face changes and challenges c onstantly. Early

JoAnn Belk

2005-01-01

406

The Reggio Emilia Approach and Inclusive Early Childhood Programs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses benefits of inclusion in preschool and compares educational practices of high-quality inclusive preschools in the United States with those characterizing the Reggio Emilia approach. Offers recommendations for better serving children with special needs in inclusive settings, including viewing teachers as researchers, and using…

Vakil, Shernavaz; Freeman, Ramona; Swim, Terry Jo

2003-01-01

407

Inclusive Education: Practical Implementation of the Least Restrictive Environment.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The 19 chapters of this book address theoretical and practical aspects of the development and implementation of inclusive education programs. Chapter titles and authors are: (1) "Inclusive Education: The Past, Preset, and Future" (Lissa A. Power-deFur and Fred P. Orelove); (2) "Inclusion and School Restructuring: Meeting the Needs of All Children"…

Power-deFur, Lissa A.; Orelove, Fred P.

408

The Czech Way of Inclusion through an Experiential Education Framework  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this article is to present the development of inclusive experiential education courses in the Czech Republic. The inclusion of people with disabilities (PWD) in recreation, sport, and education has become more prevalent in Czech society. This article describes the conceptual meaning of the term inclusion from both a historical and…

Kudlacek, Martin; Bocarro, Jason; Jirasek, Ivo; Hanus, Radek

2009-01-01

409

Inclusive Education: Practical Implementation of the Least Restrictive Environment.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The 19 chapters of this book address theoretical and practical aspects of the development and implementation of inclusive education programs. Chapter titles and authors are: (1) "Inclusive Education: The Past, Preset, and Future" (Lissa A. Power-deFur and Fred P. Orelove); (2) "Inclusion and School Restructuring: Meeting the Needs of All…

Power-deFur, Lissa A.; Orelove, Fred P.

410

Inclusive Schools: Implications for Public School Occupational Therapy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study of 611 occupational therapists investigated the impact of inclusion on public school occupational therapy. The respondents indicated that inclusion did impact service delivery and the skills of students with disabilities. Responses to the questionnaire also indicated active involvement in inclusion planning and collaborative intervention…

Barnes, Karin J.; And Others

1997-01-01

411

INCLUSIVE EDUCATION: THE CONCEPTS OF TEACHERS AND SCHOOL ADMINISTRATORS  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigated the concepts of 10 teachers and six school administrators, from public schools of São Paulo, regarding School Inclusion. The participants were interviewed and the data transcription was submitted to analysis of content. Teachers and principals pointed out several aspects on the Inclusive Education. Some of their concepts involved principles of school integration and others the school inclusion

Izabella Mendes Sant

412

Development of Secondary Inclusions in Cells Infected by Chlamydia trachomatis  

Microsoft Academic Search

The chlamydiae are obligate intracellular bacteria that occupy a nonacidified vacuole (the inclusion) during their entire developmental cycle. These bacteria produce a set of proteins (Inc proteins) that localize to the surface of the inclusion within infected cells. Chlamydia trachomatis IncA is also commonly found in long fibers that extend away from the inclusion. We used standard and confocal immunofluorescence

Robert J. Suchland; Daniel D. Rockey; Damir T. Alzhanov; Walter E. Stamm

2005-01-01

413

Inclusion in Brunei Darussalam: the role of teacher education  

Microsoft Academic Search

In 1994, Brunei Darussalam adopted an inclusive educational policy and began a number of educational reforms to support the implementation of inclusion within the regular mainstream education system. These reforms include teacher education, which has witnessed the establishment and expansion of training and education opportunities for teachers to equip themselves with the knowledge and skills to promote inclusion at pre-service

Teng Leong Koay

2012-01-01

414

Professional development and inclusive schools: Reflections on effective practice  

Microsoft Academic Search

Increasingly, students with disabilities are being included in general education classrooms as inclusive school programs are developed and implemented. If inclusive programs are to be successful, teachers must be well prepared to accept new roles and responsibilities. To ensure that teachers support inclusive programs and are well prepared to meet student needs, high?quality professional development programs are critical. This article

James McLeskey; Nancy L. Waldron

2002-01-01

415

Needs-Based Services: A Responsible Approach to Inclusion.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article outlines principles of a needs-based approach to the inclusion of students with emotional and behavioral disorders and describes implications for inclusion in three areas: (1) provision of services; (2) curriculum; and (3) behavior management. The article also addresses the responsible limits of inclusion from a needs-based…

Cessna, K. Kay; Skiba, Russell J.

1996-01-01

416

Preparing Teachers for Inclusive Education in Latin America  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article analyzes the current challenges facing inclusive education in Latin America and explores some possible solutions. The author suggests that teachers play a key role in providing education that is inclusive for all. In Latin America, today, however, inclusive education often does not respond to the needs of children and young people,…

Vaillant, Denise

2011-01-01

417

Evaluation of monoterpenic biogenic volatile organic compounds in ambient air around Eucalyptus globulus, Pinus halepensis and Cedrus atlantica trees growing in Algiers city area by chiral and achiral capillary gas chromatography  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The monoterpenic biogenic volatile organic compounds (BVOCs) in ambient air around either Eucalyptus globulus, Cedrus atlantica and Pinus halepensis trees from El- Hamma Botanical Garden (Algiers) or from Pinus halepensis trees field located in Bab-Ezzouar (suburb of Algiers) was qualitatively and semi-quantitatively evaluated. The sampling was carried out in ambient air by adsorption through an activated charcoal cartridge followed by the carbon disulfide extraction. The solution was subjected to high-resolution gas chromatography (HRGC) analysis in programmed temperature. The identification of the components was established by the means of retention Kovàts indexes. The use of a ?-cyclodextrin chiral capillary column allowed a good separation of monoterpenic enantiomers released in the atmosphere. The enantiomeric ratio provided a good insight into the enantiomeric compound preferentially emitted by plants.

Yassaa, Noureddine; Youcef Meklati, Brahim; Cecinato, Angelo

418

Enhanced thermal stability of eugenol by cyclodextrin inclusion complex encapsulated in electrospun polymeric nanofibers.  

PubMed

Polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) nanofibers encapsulating eugenol (EG)/cyclodextrin (CD) inclusion complexes (IC) (EG/CD-IC) were produced via electrospinning technique in order to achieve high thermal stability and slow release of EG. In order to find out the most favorable CD type for the stabilization of EG, three types of native cyclodextrins (?-CD, ?-CD, and ?-CD) were used for the formation of EG/CD-IC. In the case of PVA/EG/?-CD nanofibers, uncomplexed EG was detected indicating that ?-CD is not a proper host for EG/CD-IC formation. However, for PVA/EG/?-CD-IC and PVA/EG/?-CD-IC nanofibers, enhanced durability and high thermal stability for EG were achieved due to the inclusion complexation. The electrospun nanofibers encapsulating CD-IC of active compounds such as eugenol may be quite useful in the food industry due to the extremely large surface area of nanofibers along with specific functionality, enhanced thermal stability, and slow release of the active compounds by CD inclusion complexation. PMID:23898890

Kayaci, Fatma; Ertas, Yelda; Uyar, Tamer

2013-08-15

419

What can we learn from inclusive spectra  

SciTech Connect

The present experimental status on single particle inclusive measurements is described. Then, the geometrical aspect of the collision is discussed from the data of total integrated cross sections of nuclear charge or mass. The dynamical aspect of the collision, especially that for the participating region is discussed in connection with proton spectra, composite fragment spectra, pion production, ratios of ..pi../sup -//..pi../sup +/, n/p and t//sup 3/He, and production of strange particles. The spectator physics is described from the data on projectile fragments. (GHT)

Nagamiya, S.

1981-05-01

420

Semiconducting glasses with flux pinning inclusions  

DOEpatents

A series of amorphous superconducting glassy alloys containing 1% to 10% by volume of flux pinning crystalline inclusions have been found to have potentially useful properties as high field superconducting magnet materials. The alloys are prepared by splat cooling by the piston and anvil technique. The alloys have the composition (TM).sub.90-70 (M).sub.10-30 where TM is a transition metal selected from at least one metal of Groups IVB, VB, VIB, VIIB or VIIIB of the Periodic Table such as Nb, Mo, Ru, Zr, Ta, W or Re and M is at least one metalloid such as B, P, C, N, Si, Ge or Al.

Johnson, William L. (Pasadena, CA); Poon, Siu-Joe (Palo Alto, CA); Duwez, Pol E. (Pasadena, CA)

1981-01-01

421

Results on inclusive jets and jet properties  

SciTech Connect

We report on a measurement of the inclusive jet cross section in proton-antiproton collisions at a center-of-mass energy of 1.96 TeV using data collected by the D0 experiment at the Fermilab Tevatron Collider corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 0.70 fb{sup -1}. Detailed studies of correlations between systematic uncertainties in transverse momentum and rapidity are presented, and the cross section measurements are found to be in good agreement with next-to-leading order QCD calculations.

Voutilainen, Mikko Antero; /Nebraska U. /Helsinki Inst. of Phys. /DAPNIA, Saclay

2008-04-01

422

Inclusion Optimization for Next Generation Steel Products  

SciTech Connect

The project objective is to determine the conditions under which the inclusions in liquid steel can act as heterogeneous nucleants for solidification. The experimental approach consisted of measuring the undercooling of a pure iron droplet in contact with different oxides to determine which oxides promote iron solidification by providing a suitable surface for nucleation and which oxides and under which conditions the metal can be deeply undercooled. The conclusions suggest that deep undercoolings are possible at low oxygen content provided the oxygen potential is such that substrate decomposition does not occur. If the oxygen content increases the undercooling decreases.

Dr. Sridar Seetharaman: Dr. Alan Cramb

2006-04-06

423

Budding and vesiculation induced by conical membrane inclusions  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Conical inclusions in a lipid bilayer generate an overall spontaneous curvature of the membrane that depends on concentration and geometry of the inclusions. Examples are integral and attached membrane proteins, viruses, and lipid domains. We propose an analytical model to study budding and vesiculation of the lipid bilayer membrane, which is based on the membrane bending energy and the translational entropy of the inclusions. If the inclusions are placed on a membrane with similar curvature radius, their repulsive membrane-mediated interaction is screened. Therefore, for high inclusion density the inclusions aggregate, induce bud formation, and finally vesiculation. Already with the bending energy alone our model allows the prediction of bud radii. However, in case the inclusions induce a single large vesicle to split into two smaller vesicles, bending energy alone predicts that the smaller vesicles have different sizes whereas the translational entropy favors the formation of equal-sized vesicles. Our results agree well with those of recent computer simulations.

Auth, Thorsten; Gompper, Gerhard

2009-09-01

424

Child wellness and social inclusion: values for action.  

PubMed

Participatory Action Research (PAR) with children and youth is at the intersection of child wellness and social inclusion. Exclusion and marginalization detract from personal and collective health. Inclusion, on the contrary, contributes to wellness. Hence, we should study inclusion and exclusion in the overall context of child wellness. This special issue offers a wealth of methodologies and lessons for fostering inclusion of young people through PAR. In an effort to synthesize my concerns with child wellness, inclusion, and the scholarly work of this special issue, this paper will (a) articulate the values underpinning the philosophy of social inclusion and child wellness, (b) suggest roles and responsibilities for putting these values into action, and (c) integrate the contributions of this special issue into the emerging framework for social inclusion and child wellness. PMID:20532614

Prilleltensky, Isaac

2010-09-01

425

Sanskrit Compound Processor  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Sanskrit is very rich in compound formation. Typically a compound does not code the relation between its components explicitly. To understand the meaning of a compound, it is necessary to identify its components, discover the relations between them and finally generate a paraphrase of the compound. In this paper, we discuss the automatic segmentation and type identification of a compound using simple statistics that results from the manually annotated data.

Kumar, Anil; Mittal, Vipul; Kulkarni, Amba

426

Inclusion body myositis associated with Sjögren's syndrome.  

PubMed

Inclusion body myositis (IBM) belongs to the group of idiopathic inflammatory myopathies. It is a poorly understood disease, which affects skeletal muscles. IBM usually occurs as an isolated condition, but in some cases, it may be associated with another autoimmune disorder, Sjögren's syndrome. We report a case of a 47-year-old woman with headaches, symptoms of trigeminal neuralgia, progressive weakness in muscles of the upper and lower extremities and symptoms of dry eyes and mouth. On admission, creatine kinase level was increased to 6,956 IU/mL and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) to 1,011 U/L in the serum. The increase in inflammatory factor (CRP, ESR) levels was not found. The diagnosis of inclusion body myositis associated with Sjögren's syndrome was established on the basis of clinical picture and diagnostic tests. In this therapy, methotrexate and methylprednisolone were administered. The considerable improved muscle strength in the upper and lower extremities, improved speech and swallowing, disappearance of headache and reduction in CPK and LDH levels were found 8 months after establishing the diagnosis. Treatment with methotrexate and methylprednisolone improved the clinical symptoms and quality of life of this patient and may offer a therapeutic option for some patients with IBM and concomitant Sjögren's syndrome. PMID:23233115

Misterska-Skóra, Maria; Sebastian, Agata; Dzi?giel, Piotr; Sebastian, Maciej; Wiland, Piotr

2012-12-12

427

Neutrino inclusive inelastic scattering off nuclei  

SciTech Connect

We present a detailed description of high-energy neutrino and antineutrino inelastic inclusive scattering off nuclei in terms of nuclear structure functions. In our approach we take into account a QCD description of the nucleon structure functions as well as a number of basic nuclear effects including nuclear shadowing, Fermi motion and binding, nuclear pion excess, and off-shell correction to bound nucleon structure functions. These effects prove to be important in the studies of charged-lepton deep-inelastic scattering. We discuss similarities and dissimilarities in the calculation of nuclear effects for charged-lepton and neutrino scattering caused by a nonconserved axial current in neutrino scattering. We examine the Adler and the Gross-Llewellyn-Smith sum rules for nuclear structure functions and find a remarkable cancellation between nuclear shadowing and off-shell corrections in these sum rules. We present calculations of differential cross sections for inclusive neutrino and antineutrino scattering in comparison with recent data on different target materials.

Kulagin, S. A.; Petti, R. [Institute for Nuclear Research, 117312 Moscow (Russian Federation); Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of South Carolina, Columbia, South Carolina 29208 (United States)

2007-11-01

428

Subleading jet functions in inclusive B decays  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The contribution of subleading jet functions to inclusive decay distributions of B mesons are derived from a systematic two-step matching of QCD current correlators onto soft collinear and heavy quark effective theory. Focusing on the tree level matching of QCD onto soft collinear effective theory, the subleading jet functions are defined to all orders in ?s(?i) (with ?i2 ~ mb?QCD) and are calculated explicitly at first order in ?s(?i). We present explicit expressions for the decay rates of bar B ? Xu l bar nu and the Q7?-Q7? contribution to bar B ? Xs ?, where the subleading jet functions are multiplied by a tree level hard function and appear in a convolution with the leading order shape function. Together with the recent two loop calculation of the leading order hard function for bar B ? Xu l bar nu, this paper will allow for a more precise description of inclusive B decays in the end point region.

Paz, Gil

2009-06-01

429

Antisense genes to induce exon inclusion.  

PubMed

Many inherited diseases are associated with changed splicing patterns, and alternative splicing influences several biological processes as well as the replication of certain viral pathogens. For this reason, there is a broad interest in modulating individual splicing events for therapeutic purposes. Based on the small nuclear RNA (snRNA) U7, we have developed expression vectors for short antisense RNAs that accumulate in the cell nucleus where splicing occurs and that can very specifically modulate the splicing of individual exons. More specifically, in the context of the fatal neuromuscular disorder Spinal Muscular Atrophy (SMA), we have shown that U7 snRNA constructs can restore the inclusion of exon 7 in the SMN2 gene and thereby alleviate or even fully cure disease symptoms in a severe mouse model for SMA. Here we describe more generally procedures to produce U7 constructs to induce exon inclusion and to test their efficiency in cell culture experiments at the level of RNA as well as protein. The analytical methods comprise reverse transcription (RT-)PCR to detect the splicing changes, quantitative real-time RT-PCR to measure U7 snRNA expression levels and western blot and immunofluorescence methods to detect a restoration of protein expression. Additionally, we indicate how U7 cassettes can be introduced into gene transfer vectors for in vivo experiments in animal models or to transduce cell systems that are not readily amenable to DNA transfection. PMID:22454071

Nlend, Rachel Nlend; Schümperli, Daniel

2012-01-01

430

Improvement of tetracaine antinociceptive effect by inclusion in cyclodextrins.  

PubMed

Local anesthetics (LA) are among the most important pharmacological compounds used to attenuate or eliminate pain. However, systemic toxicity is still a limitation for LA application, especially for ester-type drugs, such as tetracaine (TTC) that presents poor chemical stability (due to hydrolysis by plasma esterases). Several approaches have been used to improve LA pharmaceutical properties, including the employment of drug-delivery systems. Here we used beta-cyclodextrin (?-CD) or hydroxypropyl-beta-cyclodextrin (HP-?-CD) to develop two new TTC formulations (TTC:?-CD and TTC:HP-?-CD). The inclusion complexes formation, in a 1:1 stoichiometry, was confirmed by differential scanning calorimetry, X-ray diffraction, UV-VIS absorption and fluorescence. Nuclear magnetic resonance (DOSY experiments) revealed that TTC association with HP-?-CD is stronger (Ka=1200?mol/L(-1)) than with ?-CD (Ka=845?mol/L(-1)). Moreover, nuclear Overhauser effect (NOE) experiments provided information on the topology of the complexes, where TTC aromatic ring is buried inside the CD hydrophobic cavity. In vitro tests with 3T3 fibroblast cells culture revealed that complexation decreased TTC cytotoxicity. In addition, the total analgesic effect of TTC, tested in rats through the infraorbital nerve test, was improved in 36% with TTC:?-CD and TTC:HP-?-CD. In conclusion, these formulations presented potential for future clinical use, by reducing the toxicity and increasing the antinociceptive effect of tetracaine. PMID:22047178

Franco de Lima, Roberta Aline; de Jesus, Marcelo Bispo; Saia Cereda, Cíntia Maria; Tofoli, Giovana Radomille; Cabeça, Luis Fernando; Mazzaro, Irineu; Fraceto, Leonardo Fernandes; de Paula, Eneida

2011-11-02

431

Sources of insoluble inclusions in stratospheric sulfate particles  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Properties of aerosol collected in the stratosphere from altitudes of 20-45 km are reviewed. Removal of the soluble material from predominantly sulfate particles collected at 20 km revealed the presence of insoluble individual particles, or small groups of them, typically 40-50 nm in diameter. The size distribution of components of chain aggregates found above 35 km was almost identical, suggesting that rupture of the chains by condensing sulfuric acid, as they fell into the sulfate layer from above, was the source of the inclusions. Particles collected above 35 km on thin films of metal all showed the presence of a partially volatile liquid. On a copper surface, the liquid was stabilized, and of greater extent than the solid component. Three observations suggest that the upper stratospheric particles and their associated liquid were partly or wholly organic and derived from cometary dust too small to be heated on entering the atmosphere. These are: (1) the presence of a liquid that reacts with copper and the similarity to the behavior of particles collected on copper during a manned space flight, (2) their morphological similarity to published photographs of particles collected in the mesosphere from rockets, (3) the consistency with recent spacecraft observations of the size distribution of components sub-10 ?m aggregates in cometary dust and the presence within them of carbon compounds.

Bigg, E. Keith

2012-05-01

432

Understanding EGS Fluid Injection in Light of Fluid Inclusion Gas Analyses  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Some EGS wells loose porosity in a few years severely limiting fluid injection. (Enhanced geothermal systems (EGS) are engineered reservoirs created to produce energy from geothermal resources deficient in economical amounts of water.) We are studying this problem by comparing cuttings from abandon injection wells with cuttings from adjacent redrilled boreholes. Here we report on fluid inclusion gas analyses done on cuttings collected at 20 ft (6.1m) intervals from Coso geothermal system wells 68-20 and 68-20RD. Fluid Inclusion Technologies performed the analyses by crushing 1g or less chips in vacuum and analyzing the volatiles released by quadrupole mass spectrometry. Masses from 2 to 200 were measured. Injection waters are from a flash plant and devoid of condensable gas. The time between drilling 68-20 and 68-20RD is 7 years. Wall rock temperatures were about 180 C at 878 m and 222C at 1710 m. Fluid was injected below 5610 ft (1710 m) at 111.7 C and at 109 C and 2880 ft (878 m) where a well boot failed. Analyses plotted on mud-log diagrams show that: 1) that redrill fluid inclusion mass peaks for gaseous species are noticeable lower in the redrilled chips; 2) the largest change in gas/water ratios occur at depths of fluid injection where petrography study of redrill cuttings show abundant secondary minerals, however changes are observable in the entire core; 3) overall CO2/ H2O ratios, estimated by dividing mass peak 18 by mass peak 44, are on about 60% lower in 68-20DR analyses; 4) redrill inclusions produced a higher water signal than 68-20 chips; and 5) 68-20RD analyses show > concentrations of organic species at depths of 2880 ft ; and 6) changes in water/gas ratios are most pronounced on fractures that exhibit peaks in 68-20 analyses. The analyses show that fluid inclusion contents are different in the redrill chips. Differences between the two sets of analyses require the opening and loss of gaseous species from over 50% of the wallrock fluid inclusions. Plotting the change in analyses down from the 2880 ft injection depth shows that wallrock effects decrease linearly. Our data show that geothermal fluid inclusion assemblages can change chemical compositions in a few years and that the changes in inclusion contents are most pronounced in areas of high fluid flux and on fractures. Our data show that injection fluids occupy many fractures, even when injection occurs at a limited range in depth. The data indicate it is possible for bulk fluid inclusion gas analyses on drill cuttings to show the chemistry of recent fluids. An implication is that all types of geothermal-system bulk- geochemical analyses will be biased towards the most recent event. Fluid inclusions may be opened by thermal shock, but mostly likely incisions are opened by the high local strain. Addition of organic species may record surfactants added to productions waters, but we expect those would show a mass spectrometer spectrum of these compounds. The occurrence of numerous organic compounds in 68-20RD chips at 2880 ft can be explained by biological activity near the injection site. Fluid temperatures of ~ 109 C at this depth suggest that this is possible.

Norman, D. I.; Dilley, L.; McLin, K.; Moore, J. N.

2006-12-01

433

Developing Capabilities for Social Inclusion: Engaging Diversity through Inclusive School Communities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The effort to make schools more inclusive, together with the pressure to retain students until the end of secondary school, has greatly increased both the number and educational requirements of students enrolling in their local school. Of critical concern, despite years of research and improvements in policy, pedagogy and educational knowledge, is…

Graham, Linda J.; Harwood, Valerie

2011-01-01

434

Generalized procedure for assessing the inclusion\\/non-inclusion of passive solar techniques in facility design  

Microsoft Academic Search

Consideration of inclusion of solar energy concepts into the design of new facilities is mandatory for Air Force planners under current public law. Some guidance has been provided to Air Force planners, mainly within the Life-Cycle Costing Manual for the Federal Energy Management Programs. However, no complete procedure exists for performing an economic feasibility study of passive solar concepts. This

Thayer

1976-01-01

435

The inclusive practice project in Scotland: Teacher education for inclusive education  

Microsoft Academic Search

While differences in national contexts are associated with variations in how teachers are trained and school systems are organised, the conceptual and philosophical problems of equity and inclusion in schooling are shared concerns. This paper describes how the structure and content of an initial teacher education programme for primary and secondary teachers has been revised to ensure that social and

Lani Florian; Martyn Rouse

2009-01-01

436

An inclusive classroom? A case study of inclusiveness, teacher strategies, and children's experiences  

Microsoft Academic Search

A case study of what appears to be an inclusive classroom in Sweden is reported. The group of children in the class studied was very heterogeneous: five of the 15 children had a disability diagnosis at the time of the study. One aim of the study was to develop a methodology which can be used in order to investigate in

Claes Nilholm; Barbro Alm

2010-01-01

437

Bridging the gap between inclusive policy and inclusive culture in secondary schools  

Microsoft Academic Search

Organisational support from a number of levels needs to be in place if schools are going to achieve success in developing an inclusive school culture. Support at policy level is frequently in place, however the gap between policy and practice is a continuing challenge. In this in-depth study of a secondary school Suzanne Carrington and John Elkins offer insights into

Suzanne Carrington; John Elkins

2002-01-01

438

Transforming for inclusive practice: professional development to support the inclusion of students labelled as emotionally disturbed  

Microsoft Academic Search

Few models of professional development (PD) are designed to bring about the fundamental shifts in thinking about student behaviour that can support the inclusion of students labelled as having emotional\\/behavioural disabilities within general education classrooms. In this paper, we seek to accomplish two goals: (1) we briefly delineate the features of a model of PD to build the capacity of

Srikala Naraian; Dianne L. Ferguson; Natalie Thomas

2012-01-01

439

Transforming for inclusive practice: professional development to support the inclusion of students labelled as emotionally disturbed  

Microsoft Academic Search

Few models of professional development (PD) are designed to bring about the fundamental shifts in thinking about student behaviour that can support the inclusion of students labelled as having emotional\\/behavioural disabilities within general education classrooms. In this paper, we seek to accomplish two goals: (1) we briefly delineate the features of a model of PD to build the capacity of

Srikala Naraian; Dianne L. Ferguson; Natalie Thomas

2011-01-01

440

Inclusive ideals\\/inclusive practices: how far is a dream from reality? Five comparative case studies  

Microsoft Academic Search

The creation of inclusive schools is no simple process as it implies huge changes that might generate resistance and fears, which can undermine the process of change. Quite often the changes in the legislation do not correspond to changes in the conceptions and\\/or practices of the actors involved in the process. As such, it is important to study what is

Sofia Freire; Margarida César

2003-01-01

441

Imagining inclusive teachers: contesting policy assumptions in relation to the development of inclusive practice in schools  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this article we reflect on data from two research projects in which inclusive practice in the educational system is at issue, in the light of wider field experience (our own and others’) of school and teacher development. We question what we understand to be relatively common, implicit policy assumptions about how teachers develop, by examining the way in which

Andrew J. Howes; Peter Grimes; M. Mahruf C. Shohel

2011-01-01

442

Inclusive/Exclusive? Contradictory Perspectives on Autism and Inclusion: The Case for an Integrative Position  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper explores some of the tensions that frequently arise in debates about inclusion and the education of children and young people on the autism spectrum. This debate is often characterised by bipolar thinking and moral posturing, and is obscured by misunderstandings and omissions. This can create confusion for practitioners trying their…

Ravet, Jackie

2011-01-01

443

Marking Time: Using Music to Create Inclusive Religious Education and Inclusive Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Religious education (RE) is a vital subject in the inclusion of pupils and staff alike, as it brings together ways of life and communities, the personal and the social. Based on the philosophy of community of John Macmurray, and the philosophy of dialogue of Martin Buber, Julian Stern investigates ways of marking time, understanding and…

Stern, Julian

2004-01-01

444

Selection, Inclusion, Evaluation and Defense of Transgender-Inclusive Fiction for Young Adults: A Resource Guide  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|An increasingly visible youth transgender population is emerging and the number of transgender-inclusive fiction texts for young adults is growing. Adults serving teens in schools, libraries, and community agencies must begin actively pursuing, utilizing, and incorporating these texts into resource collections. This article provides an overview…

Rockefeller, Elsworth I.

2009-01-01

445

Developing capabilities for social inclusion: engaging diversity through inclusive school communities  

Microsoft Academic Search

The effort to make schools more inclusive, together with the pressure to retain students until the end of secondary school, has greatly increased both the number and educational requirements of students enrolling in their local school. Of critical concern, despite years of research and improvements in policy, pedagogy and educational knowledge, is the enduring categorisation and marginalisation of students with

Linda J. Graham; Valerie Harwood

2011-01-01

446

From Inclusive Guidance To Inclusive Online Teaching Practice - A Tool To Help Plan For Student Diversity  

Microsoft Academic Search

Academics need to be aware of the diverse needs of students and the potential barriers to inclusion that their teaching practices may have to certain groups of students. To support student diversity effectively the right level of guidance needs to be provided. It is proposed that a planning tool can provide such guidance by raising awareness of barriers and providing

E. Bradburn; E. Pearson

2006-01-01

447

Psychology's Role in Inclusive Education: Observations from New Brunswicks's Recent Review of Inclusion  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Psychologists are amongst the professionals who assess children to identify and prescribe for those with learning differences. They currently carry out these assessments in the context of the practice of inclusive education that involves providing for all children's educational needs in regular classroom settings. Recently, some psychologists…

Williams, Robert B.; French, Laurence A.

2007-01-01

448

Refractory inclusions in the unique carbonaceous chondrite Acfer 094  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Acfer 094 is an unshocked, nearly unaltered carbonaceous chondrite with an unusual suite of refractory inclusions. The refractory inclusions in a newly prepared thin section and a small aliquot of disaggregated material were studied to compare the population with previous work, and to report new or unusual inclusion types. A total of 289 Ca-, Al-rich inclusions in the thin section and 67 among the disaggregated material, having a total of 31 different mineral assemblages, were found. Inclusions are largely free of secondary alteration products, and are typically ?200 ?m across. The most common are gehlenitic melilite+spinel±perovskite, spinel+perovskite, and spinel with a thin, silicate rim, typically melilite±diopside. Such rims and (thicker) mantles are very common among Acfer 094 inclusions, and they exhibit a variety of zoning patterns with respect to åkermanite and FeO contents. In the thin section, about 13% of the inclusions contain hibonite and approximately 5% are grossite-bearing; in the disaggregated material, the percentages are 14 and 9, respectively, comparable to previous work. Among the unusual inclusions are a fine-grained, porous, Ti-rich hibonite+spinel+perovskite+melilite inclusion with a compact, coarse, Ti-poor hibonite+spinel+melilite clast; two inclusions in which hibonite has reacted to form grossite; two inclusions with FeO-rich spinel; and a small object consisting of fassaite enclosing euhedral spinel, the first fragment of a Type B inclusion reported from Acfer 094. Inclusions similar to those found in CM or CV chondrites are rare; Acfer 094 contains a distinctive population of inclusions. The population, dominated by small, melilite-bearing inclusions, is most similar to that of CO chondrites. A distinguishing feature is that in Acfer 094, almost every phase in almost every refractory inclusion contains 0.5-1.5 wt% FeO. A lack of diffusion gradients and the pristinity of the matrix imply that the inclusions experienced prolonged exposure to FeO-bearing fluid prior to accretion into the Acfer 094 parent body. There are no known nebular conditions under which the refractory phases found in the present samples could acquire FeO enrichments to the observed levels. The most likely setting is therefore in an earlier, FeO-rich parent body. The inclusions were ejected from this parent body, mixed with typical CAIs, chondrules, amoeboid olivine aggregates, and amorphous material, and incorporated into the Acfer 094 parent body.

Simon, Steven B.; Grossman, Lawrence

2011-08-01

449

Zn release from fluid inclusions in a natural sphalerite  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The type, size, and compositions of fluid inclusions in a natural sphalerite were investigated and the total concentration of Zn released from the fluid inclusions was measured. To compare the total concentration of Zn released from the fluid inclusions with that dissolved from the sphalerite itself, dissolution experiments and theoretical calculations for the dissolution equilibrium of the sphalerite were also performed. The results indicate that large numbers of fluid inclusions with various sizes exist in the sphalerite, which can be divided into four types, i.e., pure gaseous inclusions, pure liquid inclusions, gas-liquid inclusions, and gas-liquid inclusions containing solid minerals. These inclusions were broken open during the grinding process, and their compositions were released to the solution. The total concentration of Zn released from these inclusions reaches 18.35×10-6 mol/L, which is much higher than that of Zn dissolved from the sphalerite itself (1.93×10-6 mol/L) and the theoretical calculation value (2.73×10-8 mol/L).

Wen, Shu-ming; Liu, Jian; Li, Bo; Han, Run-sheng; Zhang, Yi; Deng, Jiu-shuai

2013-05-01

450

Global analysis of inclusive B decays  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In light of the large amount of new experimental data, we revisit the determination of |Vcb| and mb from inclusive semileptonic and radiative B decays. We study shape variables to order ?3QCD/m3b and ?2s?0, and include the order ?s?QCD/mb correction to the hadron mass spectrum in semileptonic decay, which improves the agreement with the data. We focus on the 1S and kinetic mass schemes for the b quark, with and without expanding mb-mc in heavy quark effective theory. We perform fits to all available data from BABAR, BELLE, CDF, CLEO, and DELPHI, discuss the theoretical uncertainties, and compare with earlier results. We find |Vcb|=(41.4±0.6±0.1?B)×10-3 and m1Sb=4.68±0.03 GeV, including our estimate of the theoretical uncertainty in the fit.

Bauer, Christian W.; Ligeti, Zoltan; Luke, Michael; Manohar, Aneesh V.; Trott, Michael

2004-11-01

451

Search for Inclusive b -> s lepton+ lepton-  

SciTech Connect

We have searched for the effective FCNC decays b {yields} sl{sup +}l{sup -} using an inclusive method. We set upper limits on the branching ratios {Beta}(b {yields} se{sup +}e{sup -}) < 5.7 x 10{sup -5}, {Beta}(b {yields} s{mu}{sup +}{mu}{sup -}) < 5.8 x 10{sup -5}, and {Beta}(b {yields} se{sup {+-}}{mu}{sup {-+}}) < 2.2 x 10{sup -5} (at 90 % C.L.). Combining the di-electron and di-muon decay modes we find: {Beta}(b {yields} sl{sup +}l{sup -}) < 4.2 x 10{sup -5} (at 90 % C.L.).

Jessop, Colin P.

2003-05-16

452

Ancient asteroids enriched in refractory inclusions.  

PubMed

Calcium- and aluminum-rich inclusions (CAIs) occur in all classes of chondritic meteorites and contain refractory minerals predicted to be the first condensates from the solar nebula. Near-infrared spectra of CAIs have strong 2-micrometer absorptions, attributed to iron oxide-bearing aluminous spinel. Similar absorptions are present in the telescopic spectra of several asteroids; modeling indicates that these contain approximately 30 +/- 10% CAIs (two to three times that of any meteorite). Survival of these undifferentiated, large (50- to 100-kilometer diameter) CAI-rich bodies suggests that they may have formed before the injection of radiogenic 26Al into the solar system. They have also experienced only modest post-accretionary alteration. Thus, these asteroids have higher concentrations of CAI material, appear less altered, and are more ancient than any known sample in our meteorite collection, making them prime candidates for sample return. PMID:18356491

Sunshine, J M; Connolly, H C; McCoy, T J; Bus, S J; La Croix, L M

2008-03-20

453

Geometric scaling in inclusive charm production.  

PubMed

We show that the cross section for inclusive charm production exhibits geometric scaling in a large range of photon virtualities. In the DESY ep collider HERA kinematic domain the saturation momentum Q(2)(sat)(x) stays below the hard scale micro(2)(c)=4m(2)(c), implying charm production probing mostly the color transparency regime and unitarization effects being almost negligible. We derive our results considering two saturation models which are able to describe the HERA data for the proton structure function at small values of the Bjorken variable x. A striking feature is the scaling on tau identical with Q(2)/Q(2)(sat)(x) above te saturation limit, corroborating recent theoretical studies. PMID:14683355

Gonçalves, V P; Machado, M V T

2003-11-14

454

Inclusive radiative {psi}(2S) decays  

SciTech Connect

Using e{sup +}e{sup -} collision data taken with the CLEO-c detector at the Cornell Electron Storage Ring, we have investigated the direct photon spectrum in the decay {psi}(2S){yields}{gamma}gg. We determine the ratio of the inclusive direct photon decay rate to that of the dominant three-gluon decay rate {psi}(2S){yields}ggg (R{sub {gamma}}{identical_to}{gamma}({gamma}gg)/{gamma}(ggg)) to be R{sub {gamma}}(z{sub {gamma}}>0.4)=0.070{+-}0.002{+-}0.019{+-}0.011, with z{sub {gamma}} defined as the scaled photon energy relative to the beam energy. The errors shown are statistical, systematic, and that due to the uncertainty in the input branching fractions used to extract the ratio, respectively.

Libby, J.; Martin, L.; Powell, A.; Thomas, C.; Wilkinson, G. [University of Oxford, Oxford OX1 3RH (United Kingdom); Mendez, H. [University of Puerto Rico, Mayaguez, Puerto Rico 00681 (Puerto Rico); Ge, J. Y.; Miller, D. H.; Shipsey, I. P. J.; Xin, B. [Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana 47907 (United States); Adams, G. S.; Hu, D.; Moziak, B.; Napolitano, J. [Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Troy, New York 12180 (United States); Ecklund, K. M. [Rice University, Houston, Texas 77005 (United States); He, Q.; Insler, J.; Muramatsu, H.; Park, C. S.; Thorndike, E. H. [University of Rochester, Rochester, New York 14627 (United States)] (and others)

2009-10-01

455

Determination of NMR lineshape anisotropy of guest molecules within inclusion complexes from molecular dynamics simulations.  

PubMed

Nonspherical cages in inclusion compounds can result in non-uniform motion of guest species in these cages and anisotropic lineshapes in NMR spectra of the guest. Herein, we develop a methodology to calculate lineshape anisotropy of guest species in cages based on molecular dynamics simulations of the inclusion compound. The methodology is valid for guest atoms with spin 1/2 nuclei and does not depend on the temperature and type of inclusion compound or guest species studied. As an example, the nonspherical shape of the structure I (sI) clathrate hydrate large cages leads to preferential alignment of linear CO(2) molecules in directions parallel to the two hexagonal faces of the cages. The angular distribution of the CO(2) guests in terms of a polar angle theta and azimuth angle phi and small amplitude vibrational motions in the large cage are characterized by molecular dynamics simulations at different temperatures in the stability range of the CO(2) sI clathrate. The experimental (13)C NMR lineshapes of CO(2) guests in the large cages show a reversal of the skew between the low temperature (77 K) and the high temperature (238 K) limits of the stability of the clathrate. We determine the angular distributions of the guests in the cages by classical MD simulations of the sI clathrate and calculate the (13)C NMR lineshapes over a range of temperatures. Good agreement between experimental lineshapes and calculated lineshapes is obtained. No assumptions regarding the nature of the guest motions in the cages are required. PMID:18386265

Alavi, Saman; Dornan, Peter; Woo, Tom K

2008-04-21

456

Inclusion formation in low-alloy steel welds  

SciTech Connect

This paper summarizes four models for describing inclusion formation in steel welds. These methods include simple fixed oxidation sequence model, thermodynamic model, thermodynamic-kinetic model, and thermodynamic-kinetic-fluid flow model. Complexities of these models increase with a need to describe details of the inclusion formation. The applicability of the models was illustrated with two examples. In one of the examples, thermodynamic calculations of phase stability between liquid steel, AlN and Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} explained the inclusion formation in self-shielded flux cored arc weld. In the second example, thermodynamic-kinetic calculations illustrated the competing effects of weld metal composition and cooling rate effects on the inclusion formation in electron beam and laser beam welds. Limitations of the current inclusion models and recommendations for future work on the inclusion formation were highlighted.

Babu, S.S.; David, S.A. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States); DebRoy, T. [Pennsylvania State Univ., University Park, PA (United States)

1998-11-01

457

Energetics of inclusion-induced bilayer deformations.  

PubMed Central

The material properties of lipid bilayers can affect membrane protein function whenever conformational changes in the membrane-spanning proteins perturb the structure of the surrounding bilayer. This coupling between the protein and the bilayer arises from hydrophobic interactions between the protein and the bilayer. We analyze the free energy cost associated with a hydrophobic mismatch, i.e., a difference between the length of the protein's hydrophobic exterior surface and the average thickness of the bilayer's hydrophobic core, using a (liquid-crystal) elastic model of bilayer deformations. The free energy of the deformation is described as the sum of three contributions: compression-expansion, splay-distortion, and surface tension. When evaluating the interdependence among the energy components, one modulus renormalizes the other: e.g., a change in the compression-expansion modulus affects not only the compression-expansion energy but also the splay-distortion energy. The surface tension contribution always is negligible in thin solvent-free bilayers. When evaluating the energy per unit distance (away from the inclusion), the splay-distortion component dominates close to the bilayer/inclusion boundary, whereas the compression-expansion component is more prominent further away from the boundary. Despite this complexity, the bilayer deformation energy in many cases can be described by a linear spring formalism. The results show that, for a protein embedded in a membrane with an initial hydrophobic mismatch of only 1 A, an increase in hydrophobic mismatch to 1.3 A can increase the Boltzmann factor (the equilibrium distribution for protein conformation) 10-fold due to the elastic properties of the bilayer.

Nielsen, C; Goulian, M; Andersen, O S

1998-01-01

458

Authorize Compound Orders  

Cancer.gov

Home What's New Discovery Development Pathways Grants/Contracts Site Search Data Search NCI View Status / Authorize Orders Authorized representatives: Authorize Compound Orders If you ordered compounds from the DTP and wish to view the status of your

459

Decal Removal Compound.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The patent application pertains to a decal removal compound which loosens the adhesive which bonds the decal to an aircraft's painted surface without adversely affecting the underlying protective paint system. The compound includes three active solvents, ...

J. H. Vinson

1974-01-01

460

Enhanced Inclusion Removal from Steel in the Tundish  

SciTech Connect

The objective of this project was to develop an effective chemical filtering system for significantly reducing the content of inclusion particles in the steel melts exiting the tundish for continuous casting. This project combined a multi-process approach that aimed to make significant progress towards an "inclusion free" steel by incorporating several interdependent concepts to reduce the content of inclusions in the molten steel exiting the tundish for the caster. The goal is to produce "cleaner" steel.

R. C. Bradt; M.A.R. Sharif

2009-09-25

461

Enabling People - Creating Inclusive Human-Computer Interactions  

Microsoft Academic Search

Inclusive design has traditionally dealt with physical design and differences in age and ability. However, as information\\u000a technology becomes more pervasive, the new barriers to inclusivity are increasingly digital. Centring design around people\\u000a can increase competitiveness and value, especially in fast-moving technology markets, but technology-specific, people-centred\\u000a strategies need to be developed that build on existing inclusive design processes and go

Rama Gheerawo; Yanki Lee

2009-01-01

462

Inclusive rapidity correlations of ? ? mesons in pp interactions  

Microsoft Academic Search

The simple single-parameter approximation of one-particle semi-inclusive rapidity distributions of negative particles (p- mesons) inpp interactions at various multiplicities over the investigated range of primary momenta 6.6.–400 GeV\\/c is presented. Assuming the lack of any kind of correlations in semi-inclusive events, a good description of experimental data on two-particle inclusive rapidity correlations (pseudocorrelations) is obtained. Data on forward-backward, right-left correlations

A. I. Golokhvastov

1994-01-01

463

Barriers that prevent the achievement of inclusive democratic education  

Microsoft Academic Search

Inclusive education inherently involves the inclusion of all citizens in a democratic society. Based on this view, questions\\u000a emerge with respect to equality and integration in educational systems. Although inclusion should be viewed as a requirement\\u000a in a democratic society, along with the integration in schools of students from different social groups, the concept rarely\\u000a becomes reality, despite its frequent

Juan Eduardo García-Huidobro; Javier Corvalán

2009-01-01

464

Kankan diamonds (Guinea) II: lower mantle inclusion parageneses  

Microsoft Academic Search

Frequent inclusions of ferropericlase, some coexisting with phases of MgSiO3, CaSiO3 and SiO2 composition, suggest that a large proportion of diamonds from Guinea are derived from the lower mantle. Low aluminium contents in MgSiO3 inclusions indicate derivation from the uppermost lower mantle, where Al solubility in perovskite is low. Trace element analyses (SIMS) of CaSiO3 inclusions reveal extreme degrees of

Thomas Stachel; Jeff W. Harris; Gerhard P. Brey; Werner Joswig

2000-01-01

465

Virtual Environments: Issues and Opportunities for Researching Inclusive Educational Practices  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a This chapter argues that virtual environments offer new research areas for those concerned with inclusive education. Further,\\u000a it proposes that they also present opportunities for developing increasingly inclusive research processes. This chapter considers\\u000a how researchers might approach researching some of these affordances. It discusses the relationship between specific features\\u000a of inclusive pedagogy, derived from an international systematic literature review, and

Kieron Sheehy

2010-01-01

466

Co-existing fluid and silicate inclusions in mantle diamond  

Microsoft Academic Search

We document the compositions of co-existing silicate macro-inclusions and fluid micro-inclusions in the fibrous coats of eight coated diamonds from the Panda kimberlite (Canada). The mineral inclusions in the diamond coats come from either the peridotite suite (Cr-pyrope, orthopyroxene, olivine and Cr-diopside) or the eclogite suite (omphacite). Therefore, fibrous diamonds grow in the same paragenetic environments as octahedral diamonds. The

E. L. Tomlinson; A. P. Jones; J. W. Harris

2006-01-01

467

University of Wisconsin-Fluid and Melt Inclusions  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The University of Wisconsin-Madison created this website "for people interested in the properties, behaviors and origins of fluid and melt inclusions in natural and synthetic materials." The website offers downloads of publications in _The Canadian Mineralogist_ journal and other rock and mineral papers. Students and researchers can find out about meetings and work shops. The website fosters discussion of hot topics in the field of fluid inclusion. Users have a chance to join the fluid inclusion electronic mailing list.

Brown, Philip E.

468

Child Wellness and Social Inclusion: Values for Action  

Microsoft Academic Search

Participatory Action Research (PAR) with children and youth is at the intersection of child wellness and social inclusion.\\u000a Exclusion and marginalization detract from personal and collective health. Inclusion, on the contrary, contributes to wellness.\\u000a Hence, we should study inclusion and exclusion in the overall context of child wellness. This special issue offers a wealth\\u000a of methodologies and lessons for fostering

Isaac Prilleltensky

2010-01-01

469

Compositional re-equilibration of fluid inclusions in quartz  

Microsoft Academic Search

Compositional modifications to salt-water fluid inclusions in quartz were observed following exposure to disequilibrium conditions\\u000a in a series of laboratory experiments in which samples containing inclusions of known composition were annealed at 3 kbar\\u000a and 600?T?825C in the presence of fluids having different compositions for time intervals ranging from a few days to one month. Changes\\u000a in inclusion compositions following

S. Michael Sterner; Donald L. Hall; Hans Keppler

1995-01-01

470

System for Detection of Small Inclusions in Large Optics  

SciTech Connect

The presence of defects in optical materials can lead to bulk damage or downstream modulation and subsequent surface damage in high fluence laser systems. An inclusion detection system has been developed by the National Ignition Facility Optics Metrology Group. The system detects small inclusions in optical materials with increased sensitivity and speed over previous methods. The system has detected all known inclusions and defects and has detected previously undetected defects smaller than 5 microns.

Wolfe, J E; Runkel, M J

2008-10-24

471

Inclusion and mastery: variations on the theme of subjection  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article undertakes a discursive analysis of the concepts of ‘inclusion’ and ‘mastery’ using memory stories generated in a collective biography workshop. The five authors analysed their memories from childhood and adolescence on two separate and competing concepts that currently inform educational practice: inclusion and mastery. These stories of mastery\\/non?mastery and inclusion\\/exclusion often exceeded or transgressed dominant normative discourses concerning

Lise Bird Claiborne; Sue Cornforth; Bronwyn Davies; Andrea Milligan; Elizabeth Jayne White

2009-01-01

472

Photochemistry of uranium compounds  

SciTech Connect

This paper reviews the unclassified progress on the photochemistry of the following uranium compounds: UF/sub 6/, othe uranium halides, classical coordination complexes, uranium alkoxides, organometallic compounds, and uranium borohydride. Uranyl compounds are mentioned briefly. Recommendations for future studies are given. 61 references. (DLC)

Paine, R.T.; Kite, M.S.

1980-01-01

473

Compounds that inhibit cholinesterase  

US Patent & Trademark Office Database

Compounds that inhibit cholinesterase activity and, upon hydrolysis release a pharmacologically active agent. The compounds of the invention are employed in methods to treat an individual. The pharmacologically active agent obtained by hydrolysis of the compound can treat, for example, a nervous system condition, a cholinergic deficiency and conditions or diseases associated with a deficiency in a pharmacologically active agent, such as acetylcholine.

Rupniak; Nadia M. J. (Cary, NC); White; James F. (Carlisle, MA); Shiosaki; Kazumi (Wellesley, MA); Leander; J. David (Indianapolis, IN); Du; Shoucheng (Pittsburgh, PA); Coughlin; Daniel J. (Hackettstown, NJ)

2012-01-24

474

(Energies of organic compounds)  

Microsoft Academic Search

The first part of our study of the enthalpy of reduction of carbonyl compounds has been completed and includes four aldehydes, acetone, a series of cyclic ketones and ethyl acetate. The results suggest that some of the literature data for these compounds are significantly in error. Equilibrium constants have been measured for the reaction of carbonyl compounds with water to

Wiberg

1989-01-01

475

Extracutaneous viral inclusions in psittacine beak and feather disease.  

PubMed

Thirty-five birds that died with naturally acquired psittacine beak and feather disease (PBFD) were necropsied to identify extracutaneous viral inclusions. Inclusions were found in various tissue sections from 34 of 35 birds. By immunoperoxidase staining, intranuclear and intracytoplasmic inclusion bodies were shown to contain PBFD viral antigen. Inclusion-bearing lesions were widely disseminated but often closely associated with the alimentary tract. Lesions within the palate, esophagus, crop, intestine, bursa of Fabricius, and liver probably serve as sources for viral shedding into the feces. PMID:2094445

Latimer, K S; Rakich, P M; Kircher, I M; Ritchie, B W; Niagro, F D; Steffens, W L; Lukert, P D

1990-07-01

476

Metamaterials with dielectric and metallic inclusions in the cubic lattice  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The method of integral equations, which is based on the Green function of periodically arranged sources, is used for analyzing periodic metamaterials (photonic crystals) in the form of the simplest metallic and dielectric inclusions into a rectangular cubic lattice in a dielectric medium (matrix). Dielectric inclusions in the form of parallelepipeds and cubes are considered, as well as similar metallic inclusions (perfectly conducting metal rods) and 1D nanosized structures with metallic layers. Metal inclusions are investigated in the case of ideal conduction and in the case of penetration of a field into the metal, which is simulated as an electron plasma. The results are applicable from microwave of optical frequencies.

Davidovich, M. V.; Shilovskii, P. A.

2013-08-01

477

Teaching inheritance versus inclusion to first year computer science students  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes two laboratory experiments used at the Rochester Institute of Technology to teach first year CS students the difference between inheritance and inclusion (aggregation, composition).

Kenneth A. Reek

1996-01-01

478

Intragranular deformation and submicron inclusion re-equilibration  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Pegmatitic almandine-spessartine garnets from the Saualpe-Koralpe crystalline basement complex (Eastern Alps, locality Wirtbartl, Austria) possess extremely high abundances of micro- to nano-inclusions (

Griffiths, Thomas; Habler, Gerlinde; Abart, Rainer; Rhede, Dieter

2013-04-01

479

Co-existing fluid and silicate inclusions in mantle diamond  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We document the compositions of co-existing silicate macro-inclusions and fluid micro-inclusions in the fibrous coats of eight coated diamonds from the Panda kimberlite (Canada). The mineral inclusions in the diamond coats come from either the peridotite suite (Cr-pyrope, orthopyroxene, olivine and Cr-diopside) or the eclogite suite (omphacite). Therefore, fibrous diamonds grow in the same paragenetic environments as octahedral diamonds. The inclusions document a more fertile source composition (lower Mg# and higher CaO) than for equivalent phases in octahedral diamonds from Panda and worldwide. However, moderate to high Cr 2O 3 contents in garnet and clinopyroxene inclusions suggest that this apparent fertility is due to a secondary process. Geothermometry of the silicate inclusions yields low equilibration temperatures of 930 to 1010 °C. The co-existing fluid micro-inclusions are dominated by H 2O, carbonate and KCl. Fluid inclusions in both the peridotitic and eclogitic samples fall along linear arrays between Fe-Ca-Mg carbonate and KCl. Inclusions in the one eclogitic sample also contain quartz. We suggest that the diamonds have trapped both metasomatised minerals and the metasomatic fluid, and so provide a snap shot of a metasomatic event in the mantle.

Tomlinson, E. L.; Jones, A. P.; Harris, J. W.

2006-10-01

480

ON FIRST ORDER IMPULSIVE SEMILINEAR FUNCTIONAL DIFFERENTIAL INCLUSIONS  

Microsoft Academic Search

InthispapertheLeray-Schaudernonlinearalternativeformultivalued maps combined with the semigroup theory is used to investigate the existence of mildsolutions forrst orderimpulsive semilinearfunctional dieren tial inclusions inBanachspaces.

M. BENCHOHRA; J. HENDERSON; S. K. NTOUYAS

2003-01-01

481

Preeruptive gas in rhyolitic magma: melt inclusion evidence  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Melt inclusions in Bishop quartz phenocrysts are one of three kinds: 1) wholly enclosed melt inclusions; 2) hourglass inclusions; and 3) melt pockets. Virtually all wholly enclosed melt inclusions lack bubbles, if they cooled rapidly during eruption. Hourglass inclusions are characterized by a narrow neck of glass connecting a body of glass in the interior of a phenocryst with glass at the crystal rim. For example a 17 gram relatively crystal- poor and vesicle-rich, early-erupted pumice clast (BC97 - 16F7 -12) yielded about 9000 quartz crystals and fragments in the 200 to 500 micron diameter size range (about half of the total crystal mass). Of these, 175 are whole (more than about 50 % covered with adhering glass). A random selection of 40 crystals out of the 175 whole quartz crystals contains 14 melt inclusions larger than 50 microns diameter, 33 of which are bubble free. The remaining 7 inclusions include 5 with a less than 0.1vol. % bubble (possibly of shrinkage origin), one with an 8 micron diameter bubble (2 vol. %) and one with a 45 micron diameter bubble (75 vol. % bubble). The 45 micron bubble is in a cracked inclusion and the 8 micron bubble is poorly resolved, and its host crystal is partly cracked. The point is this: there are virtually no unquestionable bubbles in wholly enclosed melt inclusions in Bishop plinian quartz phenocrysts. Yet melt inclusions 50 microns in diameter are common and big enough to enclose and trap many visible bubbles. In general the number density of bubbles is expected to increase dramatically as the size decreases. If Bishop melt contained 5 wt. % (20 vol. %) gas (Wallace et al., 1995) then a 50 micron diameter melt inclusion might contain hundreds of 5 micron diameter bubbles, for example. This is not the case. If there is 20 vol. % gas in preeruptive crystallizing magma then the gas must be contained in bubbles bigger than 50 microns. These would be difficult to trap in 50 micron diameter melt inclusions. Bubbles do occur in hourglass inclusions, however. Commonly hourglass bubbles are single bubbles some 10's of microns in diameter. The bubbles comprise 1 to 50 vol. % or so of the hourglass. Hourglass inclusions contain plausibly primary preeruptive bubbles. The size distribution of hourglass inclusions is similar to, but larger than, that of wholly enclosed melt inclusions. The volume fraction of gas in hourglass inclusions plausibly results from random partial entrapment and evolution of preeruptive bubbles. If melt inclusions can neck off because they lack an expandable bubble, then the evolved volume of hourglass bubbles divided by the sum of the volume of hourglass plus volume of melt inclusions in a pumice clast is the preeruptive trappable gas volume fraction in the magma. The low abundance of gas in hourglass inclusions contrasts with the great estimated volume fraction of gas in the magma suggesting that most of the preeruptive gas in the magma was in bubbles greater than 50 microns in diameter. The paucity of small bubbles in melt inclusions and hourglass inclusions testifies to the significance of processes such as coalescence, floatation, and heterogeneous nucleation that promote bubble enlargement.

Anderson, A. T.

2007-12-01

482

Inclusion of Scatter in HADES: Final Report  

SciTech Connect

Covert nuclear attack is one of the foremost threats facing the United States and is a primary focus of the War on Terror. The Domestic Nuclear Detection Office (DNDO), within the Department of Homeland Security (DHS), is chartered to develop, and improve domestic systems to detect and interdict smuggling for the illicit use of a nuclear explosive device, fissile material or radiologica1 material. The CAARS (Cargo Advanced Automated Radiography System) program is a major part of the DHS effort to enhance US security by harnessing cutting-edge technologies to detect radiological and nuclear threats at points of entry to the United States. DNDO has selected vendors to develop complete radiographic systems. It is crucial that the initial design and testing concepts for the systems be validated and compared prior to the substantial efforts to build and deploy prototypes and subsequent large-scale production. An important aspect of these systems is the scatter which interferes with imaging. Monte Carlo codes, such as MCNP (X-5 Monte Carlo Team, 2005 Revision) allow scatter to be calculatied, but these calculations are very time consuming. It would be useful to have a fast scatter estimation algorithm in a fast ray tracing code. We have been extending the HADES ray-tracing radiographic simulation code to model vendor systems in a flexible and quick fashion and to use this tool to study a variety of questions involving system performance and the comparative value of surrogates. To enable this work, HADES has been linked to the BRL-CAD library (BRL-CAD Open Source Project, 2010), in order to enable the inclusion of complex CAD geometries in simulations, scanner geometries have been implemented in HADES, and the novel detector responses have been included in HADES. A major extension of HADES which has been required by this effort is the inclusion of scatter in these radiographic simulations. Ray tracing codes generally do not easily allow the inclusion of scatter, because these codes define a source and a grid of detector pixels and only compute the attenuation along rays between these points. Scatter is an extremely complex set of processes which can involve rays which change directions many times between the source and detector. Scatter from outside the field of view of the imaging system, as well as within the field of view, can have an important role in image formation. In this report, we will describe how we implemented a treatment of scatter in HADES. We begin with a discussion of how we define scatter in Section 2, followed by a description of how single Compton scatter is now included in HADES in Section 3. In Section 4 we report a set of verification tests against MCNP and tests of how the technique scales with image size, number of scatters allowed and number of processors used in the calculations. In Section 5, we describe how we plan to extend this approach to other forms of scatter and conclude in Section 6. It should be emphasized that the purpose of this report is to show that a form of scatter has been implemented in HADES and has been verified against MCNP. Validation, the process of comparing simulation and experiment, is a future task.

Aufderheide, M B

2010-12-20

483

Assessing Inclusion: Strategies for Success. Hot Topics Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This collection of 16 readings focuses on the implementation and evaluation of efforts to include students with special needs in general education classrooms. The readings are: (1) "From Segregation to Integration: A Brief History of Special Education and Inclusion" (Katie Blenk and Doris Landau Fine); (2) "National Study on Inclusion: Overview…

Philipsen, Maike, Ed.

484

Some applications of fluid inclusion studies in structural geology  

Microsoft Academic Search

This presentation highlights the scope of fluid inclusion studies in structural geology with the help of three case studies. It shows how the fluid inclusion studies are useful in tracing the nature and the compositional evolution of syntectonic fluids and, the physico-chemical conditions during the evolution of the tectonic structures. The first study traces the evolution of syntectonic fluids by

Deepak C. Srivastava

485

Normalisation, Emancipatory Research and Inclusive Research in Learning Disability  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this article I set out to trace the influence of two major sets of ideas: normalisation\\/srv, and the social model of disability on inclusive research in learning disability. The argument is that normalisation set the agenda for learning disability research for two or more decades. Inclusive researchers continue to apply normalisation thinking to work with people with learning difficulties,

Jan Walmsley

2001-01-01

486

Advancements in Research Synthesis Methods: From a Methodologically Inclusive Perspective  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The dominant literature on research synthesis methods has positivist and neo-positivist origins. In recent years, the landscape of research synthesis methods has changed rapidly to become inclusive. This article highlights methodologically inclusive advancements in research synthesis methods. Attention is drawn to insights from interpretive,…

Suri, Harsh; Clarke, David

2009-01-01

487

Understanding Inclusive Early Childhood Education: A Capability Approach  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article explores the application of current discourse in inclusive education, particularly the capability approach and its utility in early childhood education. The article highlights the tensions between a rights-based discourse that informs inclusive education practice and the right for children to have early intervention. Structural…

Underwood, Kathryn; Valeo, Angela; Wood, Rebecca

2012-01-01

488

Preparing Teachers for Inclusion: Jordanian Preservice Early Childhood Teachers' Perspectives  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study was conducted during a period of national educational reforms in Jordan to investigate Jordanian preservice early childhood teachers' attitudes toward inclusion and the adequacy of their current preparation for implementing inclusion. The study also sought to identify the perceived concerns of preservice early childhood teachers about…

Fayez, Merfat; Dababneh, Kholoud; Jumiaan, Ibrahim

2011-01-01

489

Recombinant Protein Production by In Vivo Polymer Inclusion Display ?  

PubMed Central

A novel approach to produce purified recombinant proteins was established. The target protein is produced as polyhydroxyalkanoate (PHA) synthase fusion protein, which mediates intracellular formation of PHA inclusions displaying the target protein. After isolation of the PHA inclusions, the pure target protein was released by simple enterokinase digestion.

Grage, Katrin; Peters, Verena; Rehm, Bernd H. A.

2011-01-01

490

Inclusions on fluid membranes anchored to elastic media.  

PubMed Central

We model theoretically the effect of localized forces on a fluid membrane anchored to a uniform elastic medium. We use this as a simple model for the plasma membrane of a cell. The atomic force microscope (AFM) has been used to apply such forces, but large membrane perturbations occurring in vivo are also treated within the same framework. Inclusions of this nature may include cell junctions, filipodia, caveolae, and similar membrane invaginations. The breakdown of linear elastic response, as observed by AFM, is predicted to occur for forces as small as 10 pN. We estimate the position of this crossover and the subsequent nonlinear behavior and make encouraging quantitative comparison with experiments. Intrinsic membrane inclusions interact through their overlapping strain fields. For similar, point force-like inclusions at large separations, this yields an attractive potential that scales like the inverse of their separation. For membranes that are intrinsically stiff or under tension, the binding force between inclusions can depend on the properties of the membrane and may be large enough to induce aggregation of inclusions, as observed experimentally. For inclusions that fix the magnitude of the membrane deformation, rather than the applied force, we demonstrate the possibility of metastable states, corresponding to finite separations. Finally, we discuss briefly the case in which inclusions couple to the membrane in more complex ways, such as via a torque (twist). In such cases, the interaction scales like a higher power of the separation, depends on the orientation of the inclusions, and can have either sign.

Turner, M S; Sens, P

1999-01-01

491

SEVEN PILLARS OF SUPPORT FOR INCLUSIVE EDUCATION Moving from \\  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper discusses the creation of essential conditions in schools and school jurisdictions in order to support the inclusion of the diverse range of learning preferences and needs found in today's classrooms. In order for inclusion to be successful educators need to work towards an educational climate and set of practices which include the adoption of positive attitudes; supportive policy

Tim Loreman

492

Enhancing Inclusive Educational Practices within Secondary Schools in Brunei Darussalam  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Inclusive education policies have been espoused by the Ministry of Education in Brunei Darussalam since the late 1990's. In this paper, the author examines the current state of inclusion in secondary schools throughout the country. Procedures, practices and processes which directly or indirectly impede the realization of national and…

Fitzgerald, Kenneth Walden

2010-01-01

493

The Inclusive Classroom: A Practical Guide for Educators.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book offers educators, parents, administrators, and other school personnel in the elementary and lower middle-school grades a basic understanding of what is involved in making inclusion work. In chapter 1, there is an explanation of the types of disabilities and other factors determining achievement, reasons for trying inclusion, and factors…

Khalsa, SiriNam S.

494

Grading Students with Significant Disabilities in Inclusive Settings: Teacher Perspectives  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The present study describes teacher (K-12) opinions and practices related to grading and providing modified instruction, assignments, and assessments for students with low-incidence disabilities in inclusive settings. One hundred and thirty nine teachers working in K-12 inclusive schools in Arizona and California completed an on-line survey…

Kurth, Jennifer; Gross, Megan; Lovinger, Stephanie; Catalano, Tammy

2012-01-01

495

Processing artificial set inclusion relations: Educing the appropriate schema  

Microsoft Academic Search

Exp I (36 undergraduates) examined a hypothesis that Ss would not assume transitivity on verification tests. The hypothesis was not supported, but results indicate that quantified set inclusion propositions were interpreted in a similar fashion. Exp II (32 Ss) explored the interpretation of various types of set relation propositions; many Ss who correctly interpreted the set inclusion proposition All the

Richard A. Griggs; Susan A. Warner

1982-01-01

496

Constructing social inclusion through further education – the dangers of instrumentalism  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article explores, through an analysis of key policy documents, the construction of the political concepts of social exclusion and inclusion through further education (FE). During the first decade of the New Labour government the concepts of social exclusion and inclusion have undergone a process of active construction. In between The Learning Age and Raising Expectations, different political concerns come

Joanna Williams

2008-01-01

497

The Inclusion ControversyEmerging Patterns in Case Law  

Microsoft Academic Search

Neither P.L. 94-142 nor its amendments, the Individuals With Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) of 1990, refers to the terms “inclusion” or “mainstreaming,” addressing only the issue of placement in the “least restrictive environment” (LRE) for students with disabilities. Beginning in 1989, the federal courts began to address the issue of the inclusion of students with disabilities into the regular education

Nikki L. Murdick; Barbara C. Gartin

1996-01-01

498

Isolation of viruses from clinical outbreaks of inclusion body hepatitis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Sixteen outbreaks of inclusion body hepatitis (IBH) in fowls were investigated. Most cases occurred in broilers, and birds 4–9 weeks old were affected. Mortality occurred over a period of 3–5 days, and reached 5% in some cases. The main pathological finding was a diffuse and generalised hepatitis, with eosinophilic intranuclear inclusions in the hepatocytes. From these outbreaks 46 adenoviruses and

J. B. McFerran; R. M. McCracken; T. J. Connor; R. T. Evans

1976-01-01

499

Teacher Preparation for Inclusive and Critical (Special) Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The author's preservice program prepares both single and dual certification master's students to teach in inclusive classrooms. This article provides an overview of the context in which, and for which, the program was designed, a description of the program, including what the author means by inclusive education and critical special education,…

Oyler, Celia

2011-01-01

500

Inclusive decays B>DX and B>D*X  

Microsoft Academic Search

We report new measurements of the differential and total branching ratios for inclusive B decay to D0, D+, and D*+ and the first measurement of the same quantities for inclusive B decay to D*0. Here B is the mixture of Bd and Bu from Upsilon(4S) decay. Furthermore, since more than one charm particle (or antiparticle) of the same kind can

L. Gibbons; S. D. Johnson; Y. Kwon; S. Roberts; E. H. Thorndike; C. P. Jessop; K. Lingel; H. Marsiske; M. L. Perl; S. F. Schaffner; D. Ugolini; R. Wang; X. Zhou; T. E. Coan; V. Fadeyev; I. Korolkov; Y. Maravin; I. Narsky; V. Shelkov; J. Staeck; R. Stroynowski; I. Volobouev; J. Ye; M. Artuso; A. Efimov; F. Frasconi; M. Gao; M. Goldberg; D. He; S. Kopp; N. Horwitz; G. C. Moneti; Y. Mukhin; S. Schuh; T. Skwarnicki; S. Stone; M. Thulasidas; G. Viehhauser; X. Xing; J. Bartelt; S. E. Csorna; V. Jain; S. Marka; A. Freyberger; R. Godang; K. Kinoshita; I. C. Lai; P. Pomianowski; S. Schrenk; G. Bonvicini; D. Cinabro; R. Greene; L. P. Perera; B. Barish; M. Chadha; S. Chan; G. Eigen; J. S. Miller; C. O'Grady; M. Schmidtler; J. Urheim; A. J. Weinstein; F. Würthwein; D. M. Asner; D. W. Bliss; W. S. Brower; G. Masek; H. P. Paar; V. Sharma; J. Gronberg; R. Kutschke; D. J. Lange; S. Menary; R. J. Morrison; H. N. Nelson; T. K. Nelson; C. Qiao; J. D. Richman; D. Roberts; A. Ryd; M. S. Witherell; R. Balest; B. H. Behrens; K. Cho; W. T. Ford; P. Rankin; J. Roy; J. G. Smith; J. P. Alexander; C. Bebek; B. E. Berger; K. Berkelman; K. Bloom; D. G. Cassel; H. A. Cho; D. M. Coffman; D. S. Crowcroft; M. Dickson; P. S. Drell; K. M. Ecklund; R. Ehrlich; R. Elia; A. D. Foland; P. Gaidarev; B. Gittelman; S. W. Gray; D. L. Hartill; B. K. Heltsley; J. Kandaswamy; N. Katayama; P. C. Kim; D. L. Kreinick; T. Lee; Y. Liu; G. S. Ludwig; J. Masui; J. Mevissen; N. B. Mistry; C. R. Ng; E. Nordberg; M. Ogg; J. R. Patterson; D. Peterson; D. Riley; A. Soffer; C. Ward; M. Athanas; P. Avery; C. D. Jones; M. Lohner; C. Prescott; S. Yang; J. Yelton; J. Zheng; G. Brandenburg; R. A. Briere; Y. S. Gao; D. Y.-J. Kim; R. Wilson; H. Yamamoto; T. E. Browder; F. Li; Y. Li; J. L. Rodriguez; T. Bergfeld; B. I. Eisenstein; J. Ernst; G. E. Gladding; G. D. Gollin; R. M. Hans; E. Johnson; I. Karliner; M. A. Marsh; M. Palmer; M. Selen; J. J. Thaler; K. W. Edwards; A. Bellerive; R. Janicek; D. B. Macfarlane; K. W. McLean; P. M. Patel; A. J. Sadoff; R. Ammar; P. Baringer; A. Bean; D. Besson; D. Coppage; C. Darling; R. Davis; N. Hancock; S. Kotov; I. Kravchenko; N. Kwak; S. Anderson; Y. Kubota; M. Lattery; J. J. O'Neill; S. Patton; R. Poling; T. Riehle; V. Savinov; A. Smith; M. S. Alam; S. B. Athar; Z. Ling; A. H. Mahmood; H. Severini; S. Timm; F. Wappler; A. Anastassov; S. Blinov; J. E. Duboscq; K. D. Fisher; D. Fujino; R. Fulton; K. K. Gan; T. Hart; K. Honscheid; H. Kagan; R. Kass; J. Lee; M. B. Spencer; M. Sung; A. Undrus; R. Wanke; A. Wolf; M. M. Zoeller; B. Nemati; S. J. Richichi; W. R. Ross; P. Skubic; M. Wood; M. Bishai; J. Fast; E. Gerndt; J. W. Hinson; N. Menon; D. H. Miller; E. I. Shibata; I. P. Shipsey; M. Yurko

1997-01-01