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1

Abnormal Psychology Psychology 280  

E-print Network

1 Abnormal Psychology Psychology 280 1st Summer Session 2013 May 13June 27, 2013 Tuesday" Kalibatseva, M.A. Office: 127B Psychology Building Email: kalibats@msu.edu Phone Psychology PhD program at Michigan State University. I completed my bachelor's dual degree in psychology

Liu, Taosheng

2

Psychology Faculty Perceptions of Abnormal Psychology Textbooks  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The problem. The purpose of the current study was to investigate the perceptions and opinions of psychology professors regarding the accuracy and inclusiveness of abnormal psychology textbooks. It sought answers from psychology professors to the following questions: (1) What are the expectations of the psychology faculty at a private university of…

Rapport, Zachary

2011-01-01

3

Students' reactions to abnormal psychology  

Microsoft Academic Search

As a result of some concern about the effect of courses in abnormal psychology on students, a questionnaire was presented to several classes at the close of the course. The majority answering the questionnaire felt the course to be beneficial, giving evidence that the study of abnormal psychology need not be generally harmful, and may have a significant place in

W. S. Taylor

1932-01-01

4

Child Psychology Experiences Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Recognizing the need for trained teachers to enter the classroom with confidence and professional capacity, Walla Walla College introduced a Child Psychology Experience program. Personnel from several departments contribute to this program. In connection with the child psychology courses, the project features a laboratory/demonstration center…

Walla Walla Coll., WA.

5

Child Psychology Child psychology is one of the  

E-print Network

Child Psychology Child psychology is one of the many branches of psychology and one of the most prenatal development through adolescence. Child psychology deals not only with how children grow physically, but with their mental, emotional and social development, as well. www.uwindsor.ca/psychology A Rigorous, Enriching

6

COURSE SYLLABUS Psychology 350: Abnormal Psychology  

E-print Network

1&2 plus lecture notes Feb 2 Major Mental Disorders Ch 11 Feb 9 Anxiety Disorders Ch 7 Feb 16: Abnormal Psychology by Susan Holen-Hoeksema 4th edition This course covers the history, theories, assessment, and treatments of Abnormal Behavior Final grades are based exclusively on total points. All

Gallo, Linda C.

7

Doug MacLellan 2014 Child Psychology  

E-print Network

© Doug MacLellan 2014 Child Psychology Child psychology is one of the many branches of psychology and behaviour of children from prenatal development through adolescence. Child psychology deals not only with how children grow physically, but with their mental, emotional and social development, as well. www.uwindsor.ca/psychology

8

Psychological child maltreatment. A developmental view.  

PubMed

This article explores the concept of psychological child maltreatment. It begins with a definition of psychological maltreatment in terms of care-giver behavior that thwarts the meeting of the needs of children. It focuses on five forms of psychological maltreatment that are of concern to the practitioner: rejecting (sending messages of rejection to the child), ignoring (being psychologically unavailable to the child), terrorizing (using intense fear as a weapon against the child), isolating (cutting the child off from normal social relationships), and corrupting (missocializing the child into self-destructive and antisocial patterns of behavior). PMID:8356153

Garbarino, J

1993-06-01

9

[International adoption and child psychological vulnerability].  

PubMed

Child psychiatry consultations specialised in filiation and international adoption help adopted children with psychological troubles and their adoptive parents. Regardless to this experience and to recent issues in the fields of attachment and narrativity, psychotraumatism and transcultural, some psychological risk factors for internationnally adopted children are described, requiring specialised psychological help. PMID:21411298

Pérouse de Montclos, M-O

2011-04-01

10

APPLICATION POSTDOCTORAL CLINICAL CHILD PSYCHOLOGY FELLOWSHIP PROGRAM  

E-print Network

APPLICATION POSTDOCTORAL CLINICAL CHILD PSYCHOLOGY FELLOWSHIP PROGRAM DEPARTMENT OF PSYCHIATRY of California, Davis, Medical Center Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences 2230 Stockton Blvd Start date Expected date of completion: Academic History Graduate School/University Major Degree Date

Yoo, S. J. Ben

11

Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, Vol. 31, No. 1, February 2003, pp. 105120 ( C 2003) The Effect of Methylphenidate on Three Forms  

E-print Network

control in Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (AD/HD), and (b) studying dose-response relations inhibition; inhibitory control; methylphenidate. INTRODUCTION Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (AD/HD) is one of the most common child psychiatric disorders. In the fourth edition of the Diagnostic

Scheres, Anouk

12

Researching 'the Child' in Developmental Psychology  

Microsoft Academic Search

The study of 'the child' has been, for more than a century, the territory of developmental psychology. In recent decades, the hegemony of develop- mental theory and methods has been challenged by critics within the now well-established field of the sociology of childhood that has emerged primarily in Europe in the course of the last two decades (see for example,

Diane M. Hogan

2004-01-01

13

Therapy for Child Psychological Maltreatment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research of childhood psychological maltreatment has documented a range of severe and long-lasting difficulties for children who experience this type of abuse. Consequences can include but are not limited to emotional and behavioural problems, low self-esteem, and relationship difficulties. Accordingly, the development of therapy programs to…

Leeson, Fiona; Nixon, Reginald D. V.

2010-01-01

14

Child Development and Evolutionary Psychology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Argues that an evolutionary account provides insight into developmental function and individual differences. Outlines some assumptions of evolutionary psychology related to development. Introduces the developmental systems approach, differential influence of natural selection at different points in ontogeny, and development of evolved…

Bjorklund, David F.; Pellegrini, Anthony D.

2000-01-01

15

PSY 350 Abnormal Psychology Spring 2008  

E-print Network

disorders, dissociative and somatoform disorders, mood disorders, substance abuse and dependence, eating of major behavior disorders. A sampling of the specific topics will include: stress and health, #12;anxiety disorders, gender and sexuality, psychotic disorders, personality disorders, abnormal behavior in childhood

Gallo, Linda C.

16

The Teaching of Abnormal Psychology through the Cinema.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes abnormal psychology course centered around films which include "King of Hearts,""A Woman Under the Influence,""David and Lisa,""In Cold Blood," and "The Boys in the Band." Each film deals with a fundamental concept such as psychopathology, neurosis, psychosis, insanity, and sexuality. (KC)

Nissim-Sabat, Denis

1979-01-01

17

Practice Forum: Self Psychology in Child Welfare Practice.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The use of self-psychology, a theory first developed by Heinz Kohut, is discussed and illustrated with case examples from child welfare practice. The cases demonstrate that self-psychology can enhance an ecological model. The ways in which self-psychology can enrich the social worker's therapeutic role in permanency planning are emphasized.…

Goldmeier, John; Fandetti, Donald V.

1991-01-01

18

Child Abuse, Child Development, and Social Policy. Advances in Applied Developmental Psychology: Volume 8.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book is devoted to the problems of family violence, child abuse, and child maltreatment, including the legal, social, psychological, and community issues. Articles contained in this volume are as follows: (1) "Child Maltreatment Research and Social Policy: The Neglected Nexus" (D. Cicchetti and S. Toth); (2) "Defining Child Maltreatment: The…

Cicchetti, Dante, Ed.; Toth, Sheree L., Ed.

19

Psychological Empowerment and Child Welfare Worker Outcomes: A Path Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to investigate how work environment and psychological empowerment related to worker outcomes in public child welfare. These relationships were examined by testing a conceptual model in which psychological empowerment mediated the relationships between work environment variables (quality of supervision and role…

Lee, Joohee; Weaver, Cynthia; Hrostowski, Susan

2011-01-01

20

Psychology of Infant and Child Development, PSY 331 Spring 2009  

E-print Network

is to acquaint you with the psychology of infants and children. We will cover the theories of developmentPsychology of Infant and Child Development, PSY 331 Spring 2009 Instructor: Barbara A. McDonald, Ph, toddlers, preschool children and children in the elementary school years. The course is organized around

Gallo, Linda C.

21

Teaching Abnormal Psychology to Improve Attitudes toward Mental Illness and Help-Seeking  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Abnormal psychology instructors often use traditional and personal methods to educate students about and improve student attitudes toward mental illness and professional help-seeking. Data from abnormal psychology students (N = 190) were used to determine if and how students' attitudes toward mental illness and professional help-seeking attitudes…

Kendra, Matthew S.; Cattaneo, Lauren B.; Mohr, Jonathan J.

2012-01-01

22

Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey Douglass Psychology Child Study Center  

E-print Network

Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey Douglass Psychology Child Study Center 26 Nichol Avenue this form. Child's name: _______________________________ Home address: ______________________________________ Birth date: ____________________Sex_____ _______________________________________ Home phone

Garfunkel, Eric

23

Psychological Profile of Pedophiles and Child Molesters  

Microsoft Academic Search

Pedophiles and child molesters share some characteristics. Most are male, and they can be heterosexual, homosexual, or bisexual. Some prefer adult sex partners but choose children because they are available and vulnerable. The sexual abuse perpetrated may be a 1-time incident and may consist only of fondling. Penetration is unlikely with young children. Perpetrators' ages range from teens to midlife.

John B. Murray

2000-01-01

24

A meta-analysis of the relationship of child sexual abuse to adult psychological adjustment  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reports on meta-analyses of the relations of child sexual abuse to adult psychological adjustment. Results indicated statistically significant relationships between the experience of child sexual abuse and subsequent difficulties in psychological adjustment as measured by psychological symptomatology, depression, and self-esteem. Significant heterogeneity occurred across studies using a variety of different subject populations, research designs, and assessment methods. Some

Shan A. Jumper

1995-01-01

25

Maternal and child psychological sequelae in paediatric burn injuries.  

PubMed

It is a commonly held belief that many children suffer psychological sequelae following burn injury. This six month controlled, prospective, follow up study was designed to investigate psychological sequelae in children and their mothers following paediatric burn injury. The study employed a sample of 40 children with burn injuries, and their mothers with three control groups, each of 40 children and their mothers: an acutely ill group, a fracture group and a non ill/injured group. Measures at initial contact and 6 month follow up included the Child Behaviour Checklist and the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale. The results demonstrated higher initial maternal anxiety scores in the burn, compared to the fracture and non ill/injured groups, which remained comparatively high 6 months later even though they decreased over time. Children with burn injuries, of the type included in this study, did not appear to develop significant psychological or behavioural sequelae. Following paediatric burn injury mothers appear to be at higher risk than children for developing psychological sequelae, which may have longer term implications for the child's outcome such as affecting compliance with treatment. PMID:10751698

Kent, L; King, H; Cochrane, R

2000-06-01

26

TUFTS UNIVERSITY Department of Psychology and the Eliot-Pearson Department of Child Development  

E-print Network

TUFTS UNIVERSITY Department of Psychology and the Eliot-Pearson Department of Child Development THE DEPARTMENT OF PSYCHOLOGY AND THE ELIOT-PEARSON DEPARTMENT OF CHILD DEVELOPMENT (PENDING APPROVAL OF A CHANGE IN NAME, THE ELIOT-PEARSON DEPARTMENT OF CHILD STUDY AND HUMAN DEVELOPMENT) AT TUFTS UNIVERSITY invite

Patel, Aniruddh D.

27

The portrayal of homosexuality in abnormal psychology and sociology of deviance textbooks  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examines the portrayal of homosexuality in abnormal psychology and sociology of deviance textbooks published in the United States and in print in 1995; publication dates for these books ranged between 1980 and 1995. A total of 27 textbooks—16 in psychology and 11 in sociology—were used. Books published during the 1980s were compared with those published in the 1990s.

Rose Weitz; Karl Bryant

1997-01-01

28

Teaching a Course in Abnormal Psychology and Behavior Intervention Skills for Nursing Home Aides.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes an 11-week course given at a nursing home to nursing home aides that focused on abnormal psychology and behavior intervention skills. Discusses the course goals, class composition, and course description. Addresses the problems and issues encountered with teaching this course to a nontraditional population in an unconventional setting.…

Glenwick, David S.; Slutzsky, Mitchel R.; Garfinkel, Eric

2001-01-01

29

PIAGET'S LEGACY AS REFLECTED IN THE HANDBOOK OF CHILD PSYCHOLOGY (1998 EDITION)  

Microsoft Academic Search

The 1998 edition of the authoritative Handbook of Child Psychology (HCP, Damon, 1998) was examined to reveal the impact of the work of Jean Piaget on the field of child psychology at the turn of the millennium when TIME magazine hailed him as one of the greatest minds of the century (Papert, 1999). The review is set in the historical

Trevor G. Bond; Anastasia Tryphon

30

The Idea of the Child in Freud and Jung: Psychological sources for divergent spiritualities of childhood  

Microsoft Academic Search

This essay explores the constructions of the child developed in the psychological theories of Sigmund Freud and Carl Jung. These child-constructs constitute important psychological source-theories for spiritualities of childhood as each embodies a particular understanding of what childhood means, within the author's understandings of human personhood. After addressing an initial period of agreement between the two thinkers in which both

Joyce Ann Mercer

2003-01-01

31

Developmental Psychology Developmental psychology  

E-print Network

Developmental Psychology Developmental psychology is concerned with both physical and psychological changes throughout life-- from conception until death. www.uwindsor.ca/psychology A Rigorous, Enriching Program Developmental Psychology is a specialized major within Psychology that focuses on child

32

Behavioral and Psychological Assessment of Child Sexual Abuse in Clinical Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper discusses the behavioral and psychological assessment of Child Sexual Abuse (CSA) in clinical practice. Following a brief introduction regarding definition and etiology of CSA and discussion on issues of behavioral/psychological consequences of CSA, the paper reviews the various approaches towards behavioral/psychological assessment in…

Malhotra, Savita; Biswas, Parthasarathy

2006-01-01

33

Psychological control in daily parent-child interactions increases children's negative emotions.  

PubMed

The aim of the present study was to investigate the temporal dynamics between parental behaviors in daily interactions with their offspring, that is, affection and psychological control, and children's negative emotions. The participants were 152 Finnish families with a 6- to 7-year-old child. Children's negative emotions and parental affection and psychological control in interactions with their child were measured daily using diary questionnaires filled in by the mothers and fathers over 7 successive days. The results of multilevel modeling showed that psychological control applied by mothers and fathers in daily interactions with their child leads to an increase in negative emotions in the child. Parental affection in daily interactions with their child was not associated with the child's negative emotions. PMID:23750527

Aunola, Kaisa; Tolvanen, Asko; Viljaranta, Jaana; Nurmi, Jari-Erik

2013-06-01

34

Generated on 04/07/13 by the Office of Institutional Research and Planning. Doctoral Program Profile: Clinical Child Psychology  

E-print Network

Generated on 04/07/13 by the Office of Institutional Research and Planning. Doctoral Program Profile: Clinical Child Psychology This program is jointly affiliated with the Departments of Psychology: Clinical Child Psychology Highly interdisciplinary program: see program website listed above for faculty

35

Generated on 03/14/14 by the Office of Institutional Research and Planning. Doctoral Program Profile: Clinical Child Psychology  

E-print Network

Generated on 03/14/14 by the Office of Institutional Research and Planning. Doctoral Program Profile: Clinical Child Psychology This program is jointly affiliated with the Departments of Psychology: Clinical Child Psychology Highly interdisciplinary program: see program website listed above for faculty

36

An exploration of editorial boards of psychology and social work journals: Implications for child welfare practice  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article explores the distinction and achievement levels of editorial board members of social work and psychology journals. The research methodology employed is citation analysis. The implications of the findings for the field of child welfare are offered. The strengths and limitations of citation analysis are presented.* A version of this paper will appear in Psychological Reports

John T. Pardeck; Beverly J. Arndt; Dionna B. Light; Gladys F. Mosley; Stacy D. Thomas; Mary A. Werner; Kathryn E. Wilson

1991-01-01

37

Parent-child relationships, parental psychological control, and aggression: maternal and paternal relationships.  

PubMed

Few studies have examined both maternal and paternal parenting practices in the prediction of child outcomes despite evidence that underscores the salience of fathers throughout their children's development. This study examined the role of the quality of mother-child and father-child relationships in buffering the influence of ineffective parenting practices on subsequent adolescent aggression. Measures of parental psychological control, the quality of the parent-child relationship, and youth aggressive behavior were completed by 163 (49 % female) mostly White and Asian adolescents and their parents during the eighth and ninth grades. Paternal psychological control predicted aggression when adolescents perceived low-quality relationships with their mothers. Similarly, maternal psychological control predicted aggression when adolescents perceived low-quality relationships with their fathers. Maternal psychological control was also associated with lower levels of aggression among adolescent males who reported a high-quality relationship with their father. These findings indicate that, when one parent exerts psychological control, the low-quality relationship the adolescent shares with the opposite gender parent increases risk for adolescent aggression. The findings also suggest that, as mothers exert psychological control, the high-quality parent-child relationship a son shares with his father decreases risk for adolescent aggression. PMID:24072564

Murray, Kantahyanee W; Dwyer, Kathleen M; Rubin, Kenneth H; Knighton-Wisor, Sarah; Booth-LaForce, Cathryn

2014-08-01

38

Homicidal and Nonhomicidal Child Molesters: Psychological, Phallometric, and Criminal Features  

Microsoft Academic Search

Seventeen extrafamilial homicidal child molesters (HCM) were compared to 35 convicted extrafamilial child molesters (CM) who had not murdered, or attempted to murder, their victims. The two groups did not differ on age, IQ, education, history of marriage, or family history, although marriage rates of both groups were well below the national average. Similarly, both groups had high rates of

Philip Firestone; John M. Bradford; David M. Greenberg; Michel R. Larose; Susan Curry

1998-01-01

39

Musical Education and Egyptian Child's Psychological and Social Needs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The role played by music in Egyptian education in developing the character of the child is discussed. The first part of the paper discusses the characteristics of the elementary school child and examines how each can be developed through musical education. For example, young children have a fertile imagination that can be stimulated by music.…

Kenawy, Hoda Mohammed

40

Psychological Distress, Social Withdrawal, and Coping Following Receipt of an Abnormal Mammogram Among Different Ethnicities: A Mediation Model  

PubMed Central

Purpose/Objectives To explore ethnic differences in psychological distress and social withdrawal after receiving an abnormal mammogram result and to assess if coping strategies mediate ethnic differences. Design Descriptive correlational. Setting Two urban mobile mammography units and a rural community hospital in the state of Washington. Sample 41 Latina and 41 non-Latina Caucasian (NLC) women who had received an abnormal mammogram result. Methods Women completed standard sociodemographic questions, Impact of Event Scale–Revised, the social dimension of the Psychological Consequences Questionnaire, and the Brief COPE. Main Research Variables Ethnicity, psychological distress, social withdrawal, and coping. Findings Latinas experienced greater psychological distress and social withdrawal compared to NLC counterparts. Denial as a coping strategy mediated ethnic differences in psychological distress. Religious coping mediated ethnic differences in social withdrawal. Conclusions Larger population-based studies are necessary to understand how ethnic differences in coping strategies can influence psychological outcomes. This is an important finding that warrants additional study among women who are and are not diagnosed with breast cancer following an abnormal mammogram. Implications for Nursing Nurses may be able to work with Latina patients to diminish denial coping and consequent distress. Nurses may be particularly effective, given cultural values concerning strong interpersonal relationships and respect for authority figures. PMID:25158657

Molina, Yamile; Beresford, Shirley A.A.; Espinoza, Noah; Thompson, Beti

2014-01-01

41

Psychology 350 Abnormal Psychology  

E-print Network

=EmailImport #12;10 11/3 Midterm #2 11/5 Eating disorders, sleep disorders Chap. 10 11/7 Gender identity disorder, and treatment 10/17 Integrative theory 8 10/20-22 Anxiety disorders Chap. 6 10/24 Mood disorders Chap. 8 9 10/27 Mood disorders 10/29-31 Substance abuse disorders, impulse control Chap. 9, 13 disorders (pg. 465

Gallo, Linda C.

42

Medical, psychologic, and legal aspects of child custody disputes.  

PubMed

An increasing number of children seen in pediatric practice are children of divorce. The child is often involved in the conflict between his parents in regard to custody and visitation. The physician will want to be familiar with the historical background of child custody decisions and the present guidelines the courts are using in determining custody and visitation, together with the newer and controversial proposals concerning the elusive concept of "best interests of the child." It is important that the pediatrician recognize the usual phenomenology of the young child's response to family disruption, lest he ascribe it to some fault on the part of the current caretaker. Some children respond to disruption in the family with symptoms that warrant intervention directed toward helping the child. All cases warrant intervention designed to enhance the parenting ability of the custodial parent and to enlist the cooperation of the noncustodial parent to minimize adverse influences on the child's developmental agenda. The physician should be well prepared if he participates in court procedures regarding custody and visitation controversy. PMID:661385

Duncan, J W

1978-07-01

43

Multisystemic Therapy for Child Non-Externalizing Psychological and Health Problems: A Preliminary Review  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Multisystemic therapy (MST) is effective for decreasing or preventing delinquency and other externalizing behaviors and increasing prosocial or adaptive behaviors. The purpose of this project was to review the literature examining the efficacy of MST for other child psychological and health problems reflecting non-externalizing behaviors,…

Pane, Heather T.; White, Rachel S.; Nadorff, Michael R.; Grills-Taquechel, Amie; Stanley, Melinda A.

2013-01-01

44

Psychological and Religious Coping Strategies of Mothers Bereaved by the Sudden Death of a Child  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors examined the associations of 3 types of psychological coping (task-based, emotion-based, avoidance), 2 types of religious coping (positive, negative), and their interactions with grief of 57 mothers bereaved by the sudden death of a child. Results indicated that mothers who use emotion-based coping report significantly higher levels of…

Anderson, Miriam J.; Marwit, Samuel J.; Vandenberg, Brian; Chibnall, John T.

2005-01-01

45

The Psychological Development of Justice and Injustice in Child Maltreatment: Some Theoretical Implications.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses how children construct their experiences of justice and injustice and how abuse relates exclusively to the meaning assigned to these constructs. Notes that children's psychological adaptation is shaped by the legal system's response to the child's plight and how the traumatic event is interpreted according to the ethical standards that…

Elbedour, Salman

1994-01-01

46

Hearing Children's Voices: True Empathy in Child Psychology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Olivia Lima writes in this article that because she is not trained as a therapist or counselor, but rather as a researcher in cognitive development, she cannot speak to the clinical role of empathy. However she does consider empathy central to her work teaching Child Psychology. Keeping that in mind, she begins her first class by telling the…

Lima, Olivia K.

2013-01-01

47

Predictors of Psychological Distress and Positive Resources among Palestinian Adolescents: Trauma, Child, and Mothering Characteristics  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: The aim was to examine how traumatic and stressful events, responses to violence, child characteristics, and mothering quality, as measured in middle childhood predict psychological distress and positive resources in adolescence. Method: The participants were 65 Palestinian adolescents (17 [plus or minus] 0.85 years; 52% girls), who had…

Qouta, Samir; Punamaki, Raija-Leena; Montgomery, Edith; El Sarraj, Eyad

2007-01-01

48

Psychological Abuse between Parents: Associations with Child Maltreatment from a Population-Based Sample  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: This study examined the association between partner psychological abuse and child maltreatment perpetration. Methods: This cross-sectional study examined a population-based sample of mothers with children aged 0-17 years in North and South Carolina (n = 1,149). Mothers were asked about the occurrence of potentially neglectful or abusive…

Chang, Jen Jen; Theodore, Adrea D.; Martin, Sandra L.; Runyan, Desmond K.

2008-01-01

49

Giving Children Security: Mamie Phipps Clark and the Racialization of Child Psychology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines the individual and social contexts of the life of Mamie Clark (wife of African American psychologist Kenneth Clark), whose work at the Harlem Northside Center for Child Development helped define an increasing interest in the psychology of children of color. Urges greater attention to the dynamics of race and gender in history of…

Lal, Shafali

2002-01-01

50

Psychological intervention for a child exposed to murder.  

PubMed

This report describes the process of psychotherapy for a 7-y-old boy who witnessed the gruesome murder of his mother by the father. Expressive therapy techniques such as play, art and storytelling were used to help the child emote, achieve independence and emotional maturity. The child was seen as an in-patient for 3 mo on a daily basis, followed by weekly and subsequently bi-monthly follow ups. During the ward stay, aggression towards other children and grandmother had reduced significantly. The child was able to verbalize the irreversibility and inevitability of death, and had developed healthy ways to resolve the grief. In the subsequent follow ups, although some behavior problems persisted, gains from therapy generalized to help him deal with challenges of real life, such as a constantly lurking fear of the father returning from prison. PMID:23604611

Rupa, Megha; Hirisave, Uma; Srinath, Shoba

2014-05-01

51

Rubella Deaf-Blind Child: Implications of Psychological Assessment. Proceedings.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presented are proceedings of a conference involving authorities in testing and evaluating the blind, deaf, and deaf-blind. In a paper titled "Psychological Implications of Assessing the Deaf", C. Goetzinger discusses references used in audiology, anatomy and physiology of the ear, degrees of hearing impairment, and implications of the various…

Rouin, Carole

52

PSYCHOLOGY 424: CHILD AND FAMILY PSYCHOPATHOLOGY Summer 2013 -Section 101  

E-print Network

of scientific writing. For this reason, all written assignments will emphasize writing that is clear, coherent experiences related to psychopathology and so each student's thoughts and beliefs are considered essential in Psychological Research is assumed. Note: This course satisfies your Tier II writing requirement. #12;2 COURSE

Liu, Taosheng

53

Psychological development of the child with leukemia: A review  

Microsoft Academic Search

With improvements in prognosis for children with leukemia, there has been a corresponding increase in degree of adverse psychological effects on the patient and his family. This review considers (1) the methods of coping adopted by parents, siblings, and the patient and (2) the possibility of damage to normal intellectual growth following the type of medical treatment involved. Implications of

Christine Eiser

1979-01-01

54

The child-abusing parent: A psychological review  

Microsoft Academic Search

Review of professional opinions in the literature reveals that (a) the abusing parent was himself raised with some degree of deprivation, (b) the abusing parent brings to his role as parent mistaken notions of child rearing, (c) there is present in the parent a general defect in character structure allowing aggressive impulses to be expressed too freely, and (d) while

John J. Spinetta; David Rigler

1972-01-01

55

Is psychiatry only neurology? Or only abnormal psychology? Déjà vu after 100 years.  

PubMed

Forgetting history, which frequently repeats itself, is a mistake. In General Psychopathology, Jaspers criticised early 20th century psychiatrists, including those who thought psychiatry was only neurology (Wernicke) or only abnormal psychology (Freud), or who did not see the limitations of the medical model in psychiatry (Kraepelin). Jaspers proposed that some psychiatric disorders follow the medical model (Group I), while others are variations of normality (Group III), or comprise schizophrenia and severe mood disorders (Group II). In the early 21st century, the players' names have changed but the game remains the same. The US NIMH is reprising both Wernicke's brain mythology and Kraepelin's marketing promises. The neo-Kraepelinian revolution started at Washington University, became pre-eminent through the DSM-III developed by Spitzer, but reached a dead end with the DSM-5. McHugh, who described four perspectives in psychiatry, is the leading contemporary representative of the Jaspersian diagnostic approach. Other neo-Jaspersians are: Berrios, Wiggins and Schwartz, Ghaemi, Stanghellini, Parnas and Sass. Can psychiatry learn from its mistakes? The current psychiatric language, organised at its three levels, symptoms, syndromes, and disorders, was developed in the 19th century but is obsolete for the 21st century. Scientific advances in Jaspers' Group III disorders require collaborating with researchers in the social and psychological sciences. Jaspers' Group II disorders, redefined by the author as schizophrenia, catatonic syndromes, and severe mood disorders, are the core of psychiatry. Scientific advancement in them is not easy because we are not sure how to delineate between and within them correctly. PMID:25849592

de Leon, Jose

2015-04-01

56

Practitioner Review: Maternal mood in pregnancy and child development: implications for child psychology and psychiatry  

PubMed Central

Background The empirical base suggesting a link between prenatal maternal anxiety, stress or depression and cognitive, behavioral, and biological outcomes in the infant and child has increased dramatically in the past 10 years. Method In this review, we consider the relevance of prenatal maternal mood for child mental health practitioners; the empirical base for a likely causal impact of the link between prenatal anxiety, depression, or stress and child outcomes; the degree to which the available evidence is sufficient for informing or altering clinical practice; and the possible role of prenatal interventions for promoting child health and development. A selective review of PubMed, Cochrane Library and other sources was undertaken. Findings Clinically significant links between maternal prenatal distress and child behavioral and cognitive outcomes have been reported; predictions to stress physiology, immunology, and neurodevelopment have been reported but the effect sizes and clinical significance is less clear. Several candidate mechanisms have been proposed, with some supporting evidence. Many behavioral treatments for prenatal maternal distress exist, but their application to promoting child health is largely unknown. Conclusions Research on maternal prenatal distress is a good example of translational research and offers a strong paradigm for promoting interdisciplinary clinical research on child health and development. PMID:24127722

O'Connor, Thomas G; Monk, Catherine; Fitelson, Elizabeth M.

2014-01-01

57

Abnormal movements associated with oropharyngeal dysfunction in a child with Chiari I malformation.  

PubMed

BackgroundChiari I malformations (CM I) are rare hindbrain herniations. Dysphagia and other oropharyngeal dysfunctions may be associated with CM I, but to our knowledge, no clinical presentation similar to ours has ever been reported. The purpose of this communication is to draw attention to a unique and atypical clinical presentation of a child with CM I.Case presentationA 7-year-old boy was evaluated for a two month history of atypical movements which would occur in the evening, and last for an hour after eating. These stereotypical movements with the head and chest bending forward and to the left side, accompanied by a grimace, were associated with sensation of breath locking without cyanosis. Pain and dysphagia were absent. The neurological examination was normal. The possibility of Sandifer syndrome posturing occurring with gastroesophageal reflux disease was considered but neither pain nor back hyperextension were associated with the atypical movements. Neither proton pump inhibitors (PPI) nor prokinetic agents improved his symptoms.Upper endoscopy and esophageal biopsy did not reveal eosinophilic esophagitis nor reflux esophagitis. Ear, throat and nose (ENT) exam was normal. A severe gastroparesis was demonstrated on milkscan study. Two 24 hour oesophageal pH probe studies pointed out severe gastroesophageal reflux (GER). High resolution manometric evaluation of the oesophagus revealed normal sphincter pressures and relaxations with no dysmotility of the esophageal body. Electroencephalography and polysomnography were normal. A brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) was performed and revealed a CM I: cerebellar tonsils extending to 12 mm, with syringomyelia (D4-D5).For a long period of time, the child¿s abnormal movements were considered to be nothing but tics and the CM I a fortuitous finding. Since the child remained symptomatic despite medical treatment, it was decided to proceed with surgery. One year after the onset of his symptoms. He underwent posterior fossa decompression with upper cervical laminectomy and expansion duroplasty. Postoperative MRI confirmed adequate decompression. His atypical posture and dyspnea completely resolved after surgery and he remains asymptomatic two years later.ConclusionChildren may have atypical presentations of CM I. Thus, CM I diagnosis should be considered in unexplained atypical oropharyngeal dysfunctions. PMID:25491728

Berthet, Stéphanie; Crevier, Louis; Deslandres, Colette

2014-12-10

58

Informal Child Care and Adolescent Psychological Well-Being: Hong Kong’s “Children of 1997” Birth Cohort  

PubMed Central

Background Informal child care (child care by untrained family members, relatives or employees in the home) in Western populations is often associated with poorer psychological well-being, which may be confounded by socioeconomic position. We examined the association of informal child care, common in non-Western settings, with adolescent psychological well-being, using Hong Kong’s Chinese “Children of 1997” birth cohort. Methods Multivariable linear regression was used to examine the adjusted associations of informal child care (at 0.5, 3, 5 and 11 years) with parent-reported Rutter score for child behavior at 11 years, self-reported Culture-Free Self-Esteem Inventories score at 11 years and self-reported Patient Health Questionnaire-9 depressive symptom score at 13 years. Model comparisons were used to identify the best representation of child care, in terms of a critical period of exposure to informal child care (independent variable) at a specific age, combination of exposures to informal child care at several ages or an accumulation of exposures to informal child care. Results Child care was not associated with behavioral problems. A model considering child care at 3 years best represented the association of child care with self-esteem while a model considering child care at 5 years best represented the association of child care with depressive symptoms. Informal child care at 3 years was associated with lower self-esteem (-0.70, 95% confidence interval (CI) -1.26 to -0.14). Informal child care at 5 years was associated with more depressive symptoms (0.45, 95% CI 0.17 to 0.73). Conclusion In a developed non-Western setting, informal child care was associated with lower self-esteem and more depressive symptoms. PMID:25781484

Leung, Cherry Y.; Leung, Gabriel M.; Schooling, C. Mary

2015-01-01

59

Proceedings of the Seventh Spring Meeting, Eastern Branch, American Psychological Association  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Seventh Annual Spring Meeting of the Eastern Branch of the American Psychological Association was held on Saturday, April 11, 1936, at Fordham University, New York City. The papers presented in the scientific program were arranged in 6 sections: Physiological Psychology, Child and Abnormal Psychology, Memory and Learning, Sensation and Perception, Comparative Psychology, and Mental Testing. A Round Table Conference

Herbert W. Rogers

1936-01-01

60

Accident involving a 2-year-old child and Lonomia obliqua venom: clinical and coagulation abnormalities.  

PubMed

Poisons of caterpillars have different effects on inflammatory and coagulation systems. This is a case report of a 2-year-old child that accidentally came in contact with several caterpillars of the species Lonomia obliqua. At first, the patient's exams presented abnormal coagulation and decreased fibrinogen, but the patient did not evolve to active bleeding or acute renal failure. The patient received antilonomic serum 15h after the accident and the treatment was repeated after another 12h due to persistent alterations shown by the coagulation exams. The venom of L. obliqua has several substances that act on the coagulation and inflammatory systems. The event is characterized by a hemorrhagic syndrome with decreases in fibrinogen. L. obliqua Stuart-factor activator (Losac) and L. obliqua prothrombin activator protease (Lopap) are components that act with procoagulatory effects. The pro-inflammatory action occurs due to metalloproteases, hyaluronidases and other substances with inflammatory activity. Studies on caterpillar venom can give new perspectives on the treatment of cancer and other diseases that cause dysfunction of the extra-cellular matrix. PMID:25453657

Medeiros, Daniela Nasu Monteiro; Torres, Hélida Conceição Cavalcante; Troster, Eduarto Juan

2014-01-01

61

Accident involving a 2-year-old child and Lonomia obliqua venom: clinical and coagulation abnormalities  

PubMed Central

Poisons of caterpillars have different effects on inflammatory and coagulation systems. This is a case report of a 2-year-old child that accidentally came in contact with several caterpillars of the species Lonomia obliqua. At first, the patient's exams presented abnormal coagulation and decreased fibrinogen, but the patient did not evolve to active bleeding or acute renal failure. The patient received antilonomic serum 15 h after the accident and the treatment was repeated after another 12 h due to persistent alterations shown by the coagulation exams. The venom of L. obliqua has several substances that act on the coagulation and inflammatory systems. The event is characterized by a hemorrhagic syndrome with decreases in fibrinogen. L. obliqua Stuart-factor activator (Losac) and L. obliqua prothrombin activator protease (Lopap) are components that act with procoagulatory effects. The pro-inflammatory action occurs due to metalloproteases, hyaluronidases and other substances with inflammatory activity. Studies on caterpillar venom can give new perspectives on the treatment of cancer and other diseases that cause dysfunction of the extra-cellular matrix. PMID:25453657

Medeiros, Daniela Nasu Monteiro; Torres, Hélida Conceição Cavalcante; Troster, Eduarto Juan

2014-01-01

62

Severe hypermagnesemia presenting with abnormal electrocardiographic findings similar to those of hyperkalemia in a child undergoing peritoneal dialysis  

PubMed Central

In this report, we present a pediatric case of severe symptomatic hypermagnesemia resulting from the use of magnesium oxide as a laxative in a child undergoing continuous cyclic peritoneal dialysis for end-stage renal disease. The patient showed abnormal electrocardiography (ECG) findings, such as tall T waves, a widened QRS complex, and irregular conduction, which were initially misdiagnosed as hyperkalemia; later, the correct diagnosis of hypermagnesemia was obtained. Emergent hemodialysis successfully returned the serum magnesium concentration to normal without complications. When abnormal ECG changes are detected in patients with renal failure, hypermagnesemia should be considered. PMID:23908672

Jhang, Won Kyoung; Lee, Yoon Jung; Kim, Young A; Park, Seong Jong

2013-01-01

63

Myself or someone like me: a review of the literature on the psychological well-being of child actors.  

PubMed

The number of child actors on television, in movies, and on stage has increased dramatically in recent years. While many regulations and laws are in place to protect the physical and financial well-being of these young performers, little attention has been given to their psychological health and the strength of their self-concepts. This paper reviews the literature related to child actors' psychological well-being and makes a case for future research into the topic. Available data are very limited but suggest that actors may have a weaker self-concept and more psychological concerns than people who are not actors, and that the personalities and behaviors actors display publically may be incorporated into their self-concepts. As a result, child actors appear to have unique psychological needs that should be addressed. PMID:21987069

Anderson, Leslie Margaret

2011-09-01

64

A prospective investigation of the relationship between child maltreatment and indicators of adult psychological well-being.  

PubMed

The study of psychological well-being will advance understanding of child maltreatment effects and resilience processes. In this study, the mean level of anger in adulthood was significantly higher for those identified three decades earlier as having been maltreated. Mean levels of self-esteem, autonomy, purpose in life, perceived (fewer) constraints, and happiness and satisfaction were lower for those who were maltreated according to child welfare reports. Officially recorded child maltreatment was moderately (r < .30) correlated with several psychological well-being indicators and predictive of adult anger, self-esteem, autonomy, and happiness/life satisfaction after accounting for childhood socioeconomic status (SES), gender, and other sources of data on child abuse and neglect. Parent-reported abusive disciplining also uniquely predicted several outcomes, as did a measure of observed child neglect to a lesser extent. PMID:23155725

Herrenkohl, Todd I; Klika, J Bart; Herrenkohl, Roy C; Russo, M Jean; Dee, Tamara

2012-01-01

65

What can abnormal environments tell us about normal people? Polar stations as natural psychology laboratories.  

PubMed

The psychological effects of unusual environments reveal different aspects of behaviour from those seen in more customary situations. Such environments provide natural laboratories in which many questions of psychological interest, varying with the specific environment, may be studied. This paper uses isolated polar stations to illustrate this point. In such settings, the usual parameters that control a variety of psychological processes are drastically changed, and confounding variables are stripped away. Consequently, the environment offers unique perspectives on environmental perception and cognition; adaptation to and use of the environment; environmental bonding; social interaction; and coping with environmental challenge. PMID:11541914

Suedfeld, P

1998-03-01

66

Giving children security. Mamie Phipps Clark and the racialization of child psychology.  

PubMed

During the 1930s and 1940s, social psychologists became increasingly well-known among progressives battling race prejudice. By the early 1950s, African American psychologist Kenneth Bancroft Clark had become deeply involved with the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People's battle against segregated education in the South. By this time, his wife, who is less well-known in the annals of history, was developing her own reputation as the guiding spirit behind Harlem's Northside Center for Child Development. Her work at the center helped define an increasing interest in the psychology of children of color. This article examines the individual and social contexts of Mamie Phipps Clark's life and argues for greater attention to the dynamics of race and gender in the history of psychology. PMID:11885299

Lal, Shafali

2002-01-01

67

Mother-child reminiscing about everyday experiences: implications for psychological interventions in the preschool years.  

PubMed

The preschool years are a critical period for all aspects of child development, and any disruption to cognitive or socio-emotional functioning at this stage has potential repercussions for current and future functioning. There is, therefore, a need for clinical interventions that optimize the functioning of children at risk of psychological disorders. In the current paper, we review research showing that the way in which parents discuss everyday experiences with their young children has significant implications for the children's cognitive and socio-emotional functioning. Specifically, mothers who engage their child in a rich elaborative style of talking about past experiences have children who also develop an elaborative style of remembering and reporting personal experiences. Evidence suggests that elaborative reminiscing can benefit children's social and self understanding, the quality of the parent-child relationship, and language and emergent literacy. Moreover, findings show that elements of the elaborative style can be identified and taught to parents. We propose that elaborative parent-child discussion about the past could form the basis of developmentally sensitive intervention during the preschool period. PMID:16815615

Wareham, Penny; Salmon, Karen

2006-09-01

68

Risk for Mood Pathology: Neural and Psychological Markers of Abnormal Negative  

E-print Network

- ward attending to negative faces, and that girls at risk for depression (but who have not yet expe this paradigm was to examine whether JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN ACADEMY OF CHILD & ADOLESCENT PSYCHIATRY VOLUME 53

69

The Impact of Child-Related Stressors on the Psychological Functioning of Lower-Income Mothers After Hurricane Katrina  

PubMed Central

In the present study, the authors examined the role of child-related stressors in the psychological adjustment of lower-income, primarily unmarried and African American, mothers (N = 386). All participants lived in areas affected by Hurricane Katrina, and about a third were also exposed to Hurricane Rita (30.3%, n = 117). Lacking knowledge of a child’s safety during the hurricanes was a significant predictor of heightened postdisaster psychological distress and posttraumatic stress, even after controlling for demographic variables, predisaster psychological distress, evacuation timing, and bereavement. From interviews with a subset of the participants (n = 57), we found that mothers consistently put their own needs behind those of their children. The authors recommend policies that promptly reunite mothers with missing children and support lower-income mothers in caring for their children during natural disasters and the aftermath. PMID:22383861

Lowe, Sarah R.; Chan, Christian S.; Rhodes, Jean E.

2012-01-01

70

Psychological distress and substance use by adolescent mothers: associations with parenting attitudes and the quality of mother-child interaction.  

PubMed

This study examines associations between psychological distress and alcohol and drug use across the first five years of raising a child and parenting quality at child age six for 185 adolescent mothers. Overall, alcohol and other drug use in this sample was relatively low, but drug use was associated with more mother-reported unrealistic expectations of child behavior and more attributions of child intent to annoy parent by misbehaving. Maternal psychological distress was associated with maternal reports of negative control (yelling, pushing, spanking, etc.), and alcohol use moderated the association between psychological distress and negative control. At low levels of alcohol use, more maternal distress was associated with greater negative control; at higher levels of alcohol use, maternal distress was not related to negative control, but the absolute level of negative control was similar to that reported by more distressed mothers. Neither psychological distress nor alcohol and other drug use were related to maternal behavior during an interaction task. Overall, much stronger associations with parenting outcomes were found for an index of maternal vocabulary, compared with maternal psychological distress or maternal alcohol and other drug use. PMID:11333005

Spieker, S J; Gillmore, M R; Lewis, S M; Morrison, D M; Lohr, M J

2001-01-01

71

Maternal smoking and child psychological problems: Disentangling causal and non-causal effects  

PubMed Central

Objective To explore associations of maternal prenatal smoking and child psychological problems and determine the role of causal intrauterine mechanisms. Patients and Methods Maternal smoking and child psychological problems were explored in 2 birth cohorts in Pelotas, Brazil (n=509; random sub-sample) and Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC), Britain (n=6,735). Four approaches for exploring causal mechanisms were applied: 1) cross-population comparisons between a high-income and a middle-income country, 2) multiple adjustment for socioeconomic and parental psychological factors, 3) maternal-paternal comparisons as a test of putative intrauterine effects; and 4) search for specific effects on different behavioural subscales. Results Socioeconomic patterning of maternal prenatal smoking was stronger in the ALSPAC compared with the Pelotas cohort. Despite this difference in a key confounder, consistency in observed associations was found between these cohorts. In both cohorts, unadjusted, maternal smoking was associated with greater offspring hyperactivity, conduct/externalizing problems, and peer problems, but not with emotional/internalizing problems. After adjusting for confounders and paternal prenatal smoking, only the association with conduct/externalizing problems persisted in both cohorts (conduct problems in the ALSPAC cohort, odds ratio OR: 1.24 [95% confidence interval (CI): 1.07–1.46], p= .005; externalizing problems in the Pelotas cohort, OR:1.82 [95% CI:1.19–2.78], p=.005; ORs reflect ordinal ORs of maternal smokers having offspring with higher scores). Maternal smoking associations were stronger than paternal smoking associations, although statistical evidence for differences was weak in 1 cohort. Conclusions Evidence from 4 approaches suggests a possible intrauterine effect of maternal smoking on offspring conduct/externalizing problems. PMID:20587678

Brion, Marie-Jo; Victora, Cesar; Matijasevich, Alicia; Horta, Bernardo; Anselmi, Luciana; Steer, Colin; Menezes, Ana Maria B; Lawlor, Debbie A; Smith, George Davey

2012-01-01

72

Creating the Multiple Personality: An Experiential Demonstration for an Undergraduate Abnormal Psychology Class.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses a classroom role-playing exercise in which students and teacher re-enact interviewing techniques that cause subjects to assume characteristics of the multiple personality. Demonstrates the social psychological aspects of multiple personality disorder. Considers the pedagogical and ethical implications of creating the multiple personality…

Rabinowitz, Fredric E.

1989-01-01

73

Burnout, psychological morbidity, job satisfaction, and stress: a survey of Canadian hospital based child protection professionals  

PubMed Central

Aims: (1) To measure the prevalence of burnout, psychological morbidity, job satisfaction, job stress, and consideration of alternate work among multidisciplinary hospital based child and youth protection (CYP) professionals; (2) to understand the relations between these variables; and (3) to understand the reasons for leaving among former programme members. Methods: Mailed survey of current and former members of all Canadian academic hospital based CYP programmes. Surveys for current members contained validated measures of burnout, psychological morbidity, job satisfaction/stress, and questions about consideration of alternate work. Surveys for former members examined motivation(s) for leaving. Results: One hundred and twenty six of 165 current members (76.4%) and 13/14 (92.9%) former members responded. Over one third (34.1%) of respondents exhibited burnout while psychological morbidity was present in 13.5%. Job satisfaction was high, with 68.8% finding their job "extremely" or "quite" satisfying, whereas 26.2% found their job "extremely" or "quite" stressful. Psychological morbidity, job satisfaction, and job stress were not associated with any of the demographic variables measured, but burnout was most prevalent among non-physician programme members. Almost two thirds of current members indicated that they had seriously considered a change in work situation. Former members indicated that burnout and high levels of job stress were most responsible for their decision to leave and that increasing the number of programme staff and, consequently, reducing the number of hours worked would have influenced their decision to stay. Conclusions: Current levels of burnout and the large proportion of individuals who have contemplated leaving the service suggest a potential crisis in Canadian hospital based CYP services. PMID:16243862

Bennett, S; Plint, A; Clifford, T

2005-01-01

74

Associations of Child Maltreatment and Intimate Partner Violence with Psychological Adjustment among Low SES, African American Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: This study assessed the unique and interactive effects of child maltreatment and mothers' physical intimate partner violence (IPV) status on low-SES African American children's psychological functioning. Methods: Mothers were recruited from a large, inner-city hospital, and those who met eligibility criteria were asked to complete a…

Kaslow, Nadine J.; Thompson, Martie P.

2008-01-01

75

Psychological Distress, Service Utilization, and Prescribed Medications among Youth with and without Histories of Involvement with Child Protective Services  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The objective of this study was to examine differences in psychological distress, service utilization, and prescriptions for medications between adolescents with histories of family involvement with child protective services (CPS) and adolescents without such involvement. Data on 3,497 students were obtained from the 2009 cycle of the Ontario…

Hamilton, Hayley A.; Paglia-Boak, Angela; Wekerle, Christine; Danielson, Anna Marie; Mann, Robert E.

2011-01-01

76

The Impact of Child-Related Stressors on the Psychological Functioning of Lower-Income Mothers after Hurricane Katrina  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the present study, the authors examined the role of child-related stressors in the psychological adjustment of lower-income, primarily unmarried and African American, mothers (N = 386). All participants lived in areas affected by Hurricane Katrina, and about a third were also exposed to Hurricane Rita (30.3%, n = 117). Lacking knowledge of a…

Lowe, Sarah R.; Chan, Christian S.; Rhodes, Jean E.

2011-01-01

77

The Impact of Child-Related Stressors on the Psychological Functioning of Lower-Income Mothers After Hurricane Katrina.  

PubMed

In the present study, the authors examined the role of child-related stressors in the psychological adjustment of lower-income, primarily unmarried and African American, mothers (N = 386). All participants lived in areas affected by Hurricane Katrina, and about a third were also exposed to Hurricane Rita (30.3%, n = 117). Lacking knowledge of a child's safety during the hurricanes was a significant predictor of heightened postdisaster psychological distress and posttraumatic stress, even after controlling for demographic variables, predisaster psychological distress, evacuation timing, and bereavement. From interviews with a subset of the participants (n = 57), we found that mothers consistently put their own needs behind those of their children. The authors recommend policies that promptly reunite mothers with missing children and support lower-income mothers in caring for their children during natural disasters and the aftermath. PMID:22383861

Lowe, Sarah R; Chan, Christian S; Rhodes, Jean E

2011-10-01

78

Are There Gender-Specific Pathways from Early Adolescence Psychological Distress Symptoms toward the Development of Substance Use and Abnormal Eating Behavior?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of the present longitudinal community study was to test whether psychological distress at 13 years of age predicted reported substance use problems in boys and abnormal eating behavior in girls 2 years later. The sample consisted of 500 male and 576 female students. The use of substances was evaluated using a semi-structured interview,…

Beato-Fernandez, Luis; Rodriguez-Cano, Teresa; Pelayo-Delgado, Esther; Calaf, Myralys

2007-01-01

79

Child Abuse: Implications for Child Development and Psychopathology. Second Edition. Developmental Clinical Psychology and Psychiatry, Volume 10.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book examines the role child abuse plays within a victim's individual development from childhood through their adult life. It begins by describing the different types of child abuse, prevalence rates, and risk factors. It also describes four types of child maltreatment that include: physical abuse, neglect, sexual abuse, and emotional abuse.…

Wolfe, David A.

80

Child Exposure to Parental Violence and Psychological Distress Associated With Delayed Milestones  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVE: To examine the association between parental report of intimate partner violence (IPV) and parental psychological distress (PPD) with child attainment of developmental milestones. METHODS: By using data collected from a large cohort of primary care patients, this cross-sectional study examined the relationship between parental report of IPV and/or PPD and the attainment of developmental milestones within the first 72 months of a child’s life. Multivariate logistic regression analyses were used to adjust for parental report of child abuse concern and sociodemographic characteristics. RESULTS: Our study population included 16?595 subjects. Children of parents reporting both IPV and PPD (n = 88; 0.5%) were more likely to fail at least 1 milestone across the following developmental domains: language (adjusted odds ratio [aOR] 2.1; 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.3–3.3), personal-social (aOR 1.9; 95% CI 1.2–2.9), and gross motor (aOR 3.0; 95% CI 1.8–5.0). Significant associations for those reporting IPV-only (n = 331; 2.0%) were found for language (aOR 1.4; 95% CI 1.1–1.9), personal-social (aOR 1.7; 95% CI 1.4–2.2), and fine motor-adaptive (aOR 1.7; 95% CI 1.0–2.7). Significant associations for those reporting PPD-only (n = 1920; 11.6%) were found for: language (aOR 1.5; 95% CI 1.3–1.7), personal-social (aOR 1.6; 95% CI 1.5–1.8), gross motor (aOR 1.6; 95% CI 1.4–1.8), and fine-motor adaptive (aOR 1.6; 95% CI 1.3–2.0). CONCLUSIONS: Screening children for IPV and PPD helps identify those at risk for poor developmental outcomes who may benefit from early intervention. PMID:24190682

Bauer, Nerissa S.; Carroll, Aaron E.; Downs, Stephen M.

2013-01-01

81

A COMPARATIVE STUDY OF PSYCHOLOGICAL FACTORS IN PATIENTS WITH NORMAL AND ABNORMAL ANGIOGRAPHIC FINDINGS  

PubMed Central

Chest pain is one of the most common symptoms in psychiatric and primary care practice and a frequent reason for extensive diagnostic work-up. Despite extensive investigations no recognizable medical cause to account for these symptoms is detected in many patients with chest pain. Studies of patients with non-cardiac chest pain have revealed that many continue to report symptoms and disability despite medical reassurances. The aims of the study were to evaluate the prevalence of psychiatric morbidity, personality profile and stressors along with functional impairment in patients with chest pain and normal angiographic findings and compare the same with patients who have chest pain but abnormal angiographic findings and a diagnosis of ischemic heart disease. The study included 30 consecutive patients in each group. The scales used were SCID-I of DSM-III-R, 16-PF, semi structured questionnaire for assessment of type A behaviour, PSLES and GAF scale of DSM-III-R. Panic disorder and depression were highly prevalent in patients with atypical chest pain. These patients had lower prevalence of type A behaviour, a unique 16-PF profile, experienced more stresses at any given point in time and significant impairment in day-day and in socio-occupational functioning. PMID:21430803

Dave, Malay; Dhavale, H.S.

1999-01-01

82

Editorial: Illuminating the dark matter of developmental neuropsychiatric genetics - strategic focus for future research in child psychology and psychiatry.  

PubMed

Research on genetic factors influencing cognitive and behavioural traits or which are central to the aetiology of neuropsychiatric diseases has been complicated by a furtive discrepancy between high heritability estimates and a scarcity of replicable gene-disorder associations. This 'missing heritability' has been either euphemised as the 'dark matter' of gene-trait association or aggravated as the 'looming crisis in behavioural genetics'. Nevertheless, in recognising the importance of this topic for our understanding of child psychiatric conditions and highlighting its commitment to the field, the Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry (JCPP) has for the first time appointed an editor with special responsibility for molecular (epi)genetics. PMID:24552481

Lesch, Klaus-Peter

2014-03-01

83

Fetal exposure to propoxur and abnormal child neurodevelopment at 2 years of age  

PubMed Central

Objective Our aim was to determine the effects of fetal exposure to propoxur and pyrethroids, on child neurodevelopment at 2 years of age. Patients and Methods Mothers were prospectively recruited during mid-pregnancy in Bulacan, Philippines where multiple pesticides including propoxur, cyfluthrin, chlorpyrifos, cypermethrin, pretilachlor, bioallethrin, malathion, diazinon and transfluthrin are used. To detect prenatal exposure to these pesticides, maternal hair and blood, infant’s hair, cord blood, and meconium were analyzed for the pesticides by gas chromatography/mass spectrometry. Infants were examined at 2 years of age with 95.1% follow up rate and their neurodevelopment outcome was assessed by the Griffiths Mental Developmental Scale (N=754). Results Meconium analysis was the most sensitive method to detect fetal exposure to pesticides and exposure was highest for propoxur (21.3%) and the grouped pyrethroids (2.5% - bioallethrin, transfluthrin, cyfluthrin and cypermethrin). Path analysis modeling was performed to determine the effects of fetal exposure to propoxur and pyrethroids on the child’s neurodevelopment at 24 months of age while controlling for confounders. Only singletons and those with complete data for the path analysis were included (N=696). Using a path analysis model, there was a significant negative (?= ?0.14, p<0.001) relationship between prenatal pesticide exposure to propoxur and motor development at 2 years of age after controlling for confounders, e.g., infant gender, socioeconomic status, maternal intelligence, home stimulation (HOME), postnatal exposure to propoxur and blood lead level at 2 years of age. Conclusion At 2 years of age, prenatal exposure to propoxur was associated with poorer motor development in children. PMID:22155319

Ostrea, Enrique M.; Reyes, Alexis; Villanueva-Uy, Esterlita; Pacifico, Rochelle; Benitez, Bernadette; Ramos, Essie; Bernardo, Rommel C.; Bielawski, Dawn M.; Delaney-Black, Virginia; Chiodo, Lisa; Janisse, James J.; Ager, Joel W.

2012-01-01

84

Psychological Distress, Service Utilization, and Prescribed Medications among Youth with and without Histories of Involvement with Child Protective Services  

Microsoft Academic Search

The objective of this study was to examine differences in psychological distress, service utilization, and prescriptions for\\u000a medications between adolescents with histories of family involvement with child protective services (CPS) and adolescents\\u000a without such involvement. Data on 3,497 students were obtained from the 2009 cycle of the Ontario Student Drug Use and Health\\u000a Survey, a province-wide school-based survey of 7th

Hayley A. Hamilton; Angela Paglia-Boak; Christine Wekerle; Anna Marie Danielson; Robert E. Mann

85

Ear for recovery: protocol for a prospective study on parent–child communication and psychological recovery after paediatric injury  

PubMed Central

Introduction One in six children who have been admitted to hospital with an injury develop persistent stress symptoms that put their development at risk. Parents play a crucial role in children's psychological recovery, however, it is unknown how specific parenting behaviours can help or hinder. We aim to describe the nature and quantity of parent–child communication after a child has been injured, and to examine how these interactions are related to children's psychological recovery. Methods and analysis We are conducting a prospective observational study among children aged 3–16?years, who have been admitted to a tertiary children's hospital with a serious injury. Data collection involves a naturalistic observation of spontaneous, everyday parent–child communication at home, shortly after discharge, and an assessment of children's psychological recovery at 6?weeks and 3?months post-injury. Main analyses comprise descriptive statistics, cluster analysis and analyses of variance. Ethics and dissemination This study has been approved by the Human Research Ethics Committee of the Royal Children's Hospital Melbourne (33103) and Monash University Human Research Ethics Committee (CF13/2515—2013001322). We aim to disseminate the findings through international peer-reviewed journals, international conferences and social media. Participants will be sent a summary of the overall study findings. PMID:25652805

Alisic, Eva; Barrett, Anna; Bowles, Peter; Babl, Franz E; Conroy, Rowena; McClure, Roderick J; Anderson, Vicki; Mehl, Matthias R

2015-01-01

86

The measurement of psychological maltreatment: early data on the Child Abuse and Trauma Scale.  

PubMed

This paper describes a self-report measure, the Child Abuse and Trauma Scale, which yields a quantitative index of the frequency and extent of various types of negative experiences in childhood and adolescence. Data on this measure are presented for two large samples of college students and for a small clinical sample of subjects with a diagnosis of Multiple Personality Disorder. The strong internal consistency and test-retest reliability of the scale in the college population is documented, and its validity is attested to by demonstrating that it correlates significantly with outcomes such as dissociation, depression, difficulties in interpersonal relationships, and victimization, all of which have previously been associated with childhood trauma or abuse. The extremely high scores of the Multiple Personality subjects confer additional validity to the measure. The authors suggest that the construct of psychological maltreatment underlies the destructive elements of numerous forms of abuse and neglect, and that the scale they have developed may provide a useful index of this construct. PMID:9278731

Sanders, B; Becker-Lausen, E

1995-03-01

87

Factors Associated with Parental Perception of Child Vulnerability 12 months After Abnormal Newborn Screening Results  

PubMed Central

We identified factors associated with elevated parental perceptions of child vulnerability (PPCV) 12 months after newborn screening (NBS) of 136 children: healthy, normal results (H, n=37), cystic fibrosis carriers (CF-C, n=40), congenital hypothyroidism (CH, n=36), and cystic fibrosis (CF, n=23). Controlling for infant and parent characteristics, mixed logit structural equation modeling showed direct paths to PPCV included parent female sex, CF diagnosis, and high documented illness frequency. PPCV was positively associated with maternal parenting stress. Infants with CF and CF carriers had significantly more documented illness frequency than H group infants. The CH group did not differ significantly from the H group and had no paths to PPCV. Unexpectedly high documented illnesses frequency among infants who are CF carriers warrants further investigation. PMID:21910128

Tluczek, Audrey; McKechnie, Anne Chevalier; Brown, Roger L.

2011-01-01

88

Adoptive Gay Father Families: Parent-Child Relationships and Children's Psychological Adjustment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Findings are presented on a U.K. study of 41 gay father families, 40 lesbian mother families, and 49 heterosexual parent families with an adopted child aged 3-9 years. Standardized interview and observational and questionnaire measures of parental well-being, quality of parent-child relationships, child adjustment, and child sex-typed behavior…

Golombok, Susan; Mellish, Laura; Jennings, Sarah; Casey, Polly; Tasker, Fiona; Lamb, Michael E.

2014-01-01

89

Linking Regulation of Practitioner School Psychology and the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child: The Need to Build a Bridge  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 2014, the 25th anniversary of the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child presents an opportunity for school psychology to evaluate its achievements relevant to the Convention, as well as its current and future strategic adherence to the Convention's principles. With analysis of key school psychology documentation from the UK,…

Woods, Kevin; Bond, Caroline

2014-01-01

90

Adaptation to the Birth of a Child with a Congenital Anomaly: A Prospective Longitudinal Study of Maternal Well-Being and Psychological Distress  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study explores the stability and change in maternal life satisfaction and psychological distress following the birth of a child with a congenital anomaly using 5 assessments from the Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort Study collected from Pregnancy Week 17 to 36 months postpartum. Participating mothers were divided into those having infants…

Nes, Ragnhild B.; Røysamb, Espen; Hauge, Lars J.; Kornstad, Tom; Landolt, Markus A.; Irgens, Lorentz M.; Eskedal, Leif; Kristensen, Petter; Vollrath, Margarete E.

2014-01-01

91

Uniparental isodisomy of chromosome 14 in two cases: An abnormal child and a normal adult  

SciTech Connect

Uniparental disomy (UPD) of a number of different chromosomes has been found in association with abnormal phenotypes. A growing body of evidence for an imprinting effect involving chromosome 14 has been accumulating. We report on a case of paternal UPD of chromosome 14 studied in late gestation due to polyhydramnios and a ventral wall hernia. A prenatal karyotype documented a balanced Robertsonian 14:14 translocation. The baby was born prematurely with hairy forehead, retrognathia, mild puckering of the lips and finger contractures. Hypotonia has persisted since birth and at age one year, a tracheostomy for laryngomalacia and gastrostomy for feeding remain necessary. Absence of maternal VNTR polymorphisms and homozygosity of paternal polymorphisms using chromosome 14 specific probes at D14S22 and D14S13 loci indicated paternal uniparental isodisomy (pUPID). Parental chromosomes were normal. We also report on a case of maternal LTPD in a normal patient with a balanced Robertsonian 14:14 translocation and a history of multiple miscarriages. Five previous reports of chromosome 14 UPD suggest that an adverse developmental effect may be more severe whenever the UPD is paternal in origin. This is the second reported patient with paternal UPD and the fifth reported with maternal UPD, and only few phenotypic similarities are apparent. Examination of these chromosome 14 UPD cases of maternal and paternal origin suggests that there are syndromic imprinting effects. 30 refs., 3 figs.

Papenhausen, P.R.; Mueller, O.T.; Sutcliffe, M.; Diamond, T.M.; Kousseff, B.G. [Univ. of South Florida College of Medicine, Tampa, FL (United States); Johnson, V.P. [Univ. of South Dakota, Sioux Falls, SD (United States)

1995-11-20

92

Attachment Styles and Psychological Profiles of Child Sex Offenders in Ireland  

Microsoft Academic Search

When 29 child sex offenders, 30 violent offenders, 30 nonviolent offenders, and 30 community controls were compared, a secure adult attachment style was 4 times less common in the child sex offender group than in any of the other three groups. Ninety-three percent of sex offenders had an insecure adult attachment style. Compared with community controls, the child sex offender

Fiona Marsa; Gary O’Reilly; Alan Carr; Paul Murphy; Maura O’Sullivan; Anthony Cotter; David Hevey

2004-01-01

93

Adoptive gay father families: parent-child relationships and children's psychological adjustment.  

PubMed

Findings are presented on a U.K. study of 41 gay father families, 40 lesbian mother families, and 49 heterosexual parent families with an adopted child aged 3-9 years. Standardized interview and observational and questionnaire measures of parental well-being, quality of parent-child relationships, child adjustment, and child sex-typed behavior were administered to parents, children, and teachers. The findings indicated more positive parental well-being and parenting in gay father families compared to heterosexual parent families. Child externalizing problems were greater among children in heterosexual families. Family process variables, particularly parenting stress, rather than family type were found to be predictive of child externalizing problems. The findings contribute to theoretical understanding of the role of parental gender and parental sexual orientation in child development. PMID:24033323

Golombok, Susan; Mellish, Laura; Jennings, Sarah; Casey, Polly; Tasker, Fiona; Lamb, Michael E

2014-01-01

94

The juridical impact of psychological expert testimony in a simulated child sexual abuse trial  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using a simulated child sexual abuse case, our study investigated the impact of expert testimony about cognitive development in children on jury decisions. Twenty-four gender-balanced panels, each of 6 mock jurors, viewed a videotaped simulation of a criminal court trial in which age of the child victim\\/witness (6, 9, or 12 years), sex of the child, and the presence or

Michael J. Crowley; M. Gemma O’Callaghan; Peter J. Ballt

1994-01-01

95

[Psychological violences].  

PubMed

Among the various forms of violence inflicted on a child, psychological violence holds a significant place in terms of frequency, diversity and damage done, as serious and pervasive consequences can be observed on the child's development. This article highlights and assesses the psychological consequences provoked by psychological violences perpetrated by parents, teachers or other children in different situations, such as domestic violence, divorce and school bullying. It also gives some indications for intervention and prevention in those situations. PMID:25449447

Leray, M

2014-12-01

96

Attachment Styles and Psychological Profiles of Child Sex Offenders in Ireland  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

When 29 child sex offenders, 30 violent offenders, 30 nonviolent offenders, and 30 community controls were compared, a secure adult attachment style was 4 times less common in the child sex offender group than in any of the other three groups. Ninety-three percent of sex offenders had an insecure adult attachment style. Compared with community…

Marsa, Fiona; O'Reilly, Gary; Carr, Alan; Murphy, Paul; O'Sullivan, Maura; Cotter, Anthony; Hevey, David

2004-01-01

97

Bereavement outcomes for parents who lose a child to cancer: are place of death and sex of parent associated with differences in psychological functioning?  

PubMed

Despite increasing cure rates, cancer is a leading cause of non-accidental death in childhood. Models of psychosocial care in pediatric cancer may therefore need to address bereavement planning for a 'minority group' of parents (approximately 25%) for whom cure of their child is not possible. This study addresses a gap in knowledge concerning long-term bereavement and psychological outcomes for parents, as a function of the sex of the parent and the place of the child's death: home versus hospital. Fifty Australian parents (25 father-mother dyads), whose child had died at least 1 year prior to study participation, independently completed measures of psychological functioning (depression, anxiety and stress), family functioning, and pathological grieving (separation distress, and traumatic distress). The results showed some support for a hypothesized interaction between place of death and sex of parent. Fathers reported significantly higher levels of depression, anxiety and stress when the child died in hospital rather than at home. By way of contrast, differences for mothers as function of place of death were not reflected in psychological outcomes but were more closely tied to symptoms of pathological grieving. The findings are discussed with respect to the needs for services for surviving adult family members, especially for fathers who may have an enhanced psychological vulnerability after the death of a child in hospital rather than at home. PMID:15386640

Goodenough, Belinda; Drew, Donna; Higgins, Susan; Trethewie, Susan

2004-11-01

98

Psychology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Scholars representing the field of psychology were asked to identify what they considered to be the most exciting and imaginative work currently being done in their field, as well as how that work might change our understanding. The scholars included Susan Blackmore, Nadya Fouad, Jerome Kagan, Stephen Kosslyn, Michael Posner, and Robert Sternberg.…

Blackmore, Susan; Fouad, Nadya; Kagan, Jerome; Kosslyn, Stephen; Posner, Michael; Sternburg, Robert; Driscoll, Marcy; Ge, Xun; Parrish, Patrick

2013-01-01

99

Early Intervention with a Parent-Delivered Massage Protocol Directed at Tactile Abnormalities Decreases Severity of Autism and Improves Child-to-Parent Interactions: A Replication Study  

PubMed Central

Tactile abnormalities are severe and universal in preschool children with autism. They respond well to treatment with a daily massage protocol directed at tactile abnormalities (QST massage for autism). Treatment is based on a model for autism proposing that tactile impairment poses a barrier to development. Two previous randomized controlled trials evaluating five months of massage treatment reported improvement of behavior, social/communication skills, and tactile and other sensory symptoms. This is the first report from a two-year replication study evaluating the protocol in 103 preschool children with autism. Parents gave daily treatment; trained staff gave weekly treatment and parent support. Five-month outcomes replicated earlier studies and showed normalization of receptive language (18%, P = .03), autistic behavior (32%, P = .006), total sensory abnormalities (38%, P = .0000005), tactile abnormalities (49%, P = .0002), and decreased autism severity (medium to large effect size, P = .008). In addition, parents reported improved child-to-parent interactions, bonding, and decreased parenting stress (44%, P = .00008). Early childhood special education programs are tasked with addressing sensory abnormalities and engaging parents in effective home programs. Until now, they have lacked research-based methods to do so. This program fulfills the need. It is recommended to parents and ECSE programs (ages 3–5) at autism diagnosis.

Silva, Louisa M. T.; Gabrielsen, Kristen R.; Budden, Sarojini S.; Buenrostro, Martha; Horton, Gretchen

2015-01-01

100

Early Intervention with a Parent-Delivered Massage Protocol Directed at Tactile Abnormalities Decreases Severity of Autism and Improves Child-to-Parent Interactions: A Replication Study.  

PubMed

Tactile abnormalities are severe and universal in preschool children with autism. They respond well to treatment with a daily massage protocol directed at tactile abnormalities (QST massage for autism). Treatment is based on a model for autism proposing that tactile impairment poses a barrier to development. Two previous randomized controlled trials evaluating five months of massage treatment reported improvement of behavior, social/communication skills, and tactile and other sensory symptoms. This is the first report from a two-year replication study evaluating the protocol in 103 preschool children with autism. Parents gave daily treatment; trained staff gave weekly treatment and parent support. Five-month outcomes replicated earlier studies and showed normalization of receptive language (18%, P = .03), autistic behavior (32%, P = .006), total sensory abnormalities (38%, P = .0000005), tactile abnormalities (49%, P = .0002), and decreased autism severity (medium to large effect size, P = .008). In addition, parents reported improved child-to-parent interactions, bonding, and decreased parenting stress (44%, P = .00008). Early childhood special education programs are tasked with addressing sensory abnormalities and engaging parents in effective home programs. Until now, they have lacked research-based methods to do so. This program fulfills the need. It is recommended to parents and ECSE programs (ages 3-5) at autism diagnosis. PMID:25878901

Silva, Louisa M T; Schalock, Mark; Gabrielsen, Kristen R; Budden, Sarojini S; Buenrostro, Martha; Horton, Gretchen

2015-01-01

101

The Relationship of Statistical and Psychological Risk Markers to Sexual Reconviction in Child Molesters  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examines the integration of statistical and psychological risk factors using psychometric markers of psychopathology and psychosexual characteristics from the Static-99 in 119 sexual offenders. Psychological risk markers are combined to approximate four deviancy domains: sexual interests, distorted attitudes, socio-affective functioning, and self-management. The sexual interests domain predicts sexual reconviction independent of Static-99. The four deviancy domains are used

Leam A. Craig; David Thornton; Anthony Beech; Kevin D. Browne

2007-01-01

102

Intelligence in childhood and risk of psychological distress in adulthood: The 1958 National Child Development Survey and the 1970 British Cohort Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Lower cognitive ability is a risk factor for some forms of severe psychiatric disorder, but it is unclear whether it influences risk of psychological distress due to anxiety or the milder forms of depression. The participants in the present study were members of two British birth national birth cohorts, the 1958 National Child Development Survey (n=6369) and the 1970 British

Catharine R. Gale; Stephani L. Hatch; G. David Batty; Ian J. Deary

2009-01-01

103

Socialization and the Child Rearing Practice. [Proceedings from the] Fenno-Hungarian Conference on Developmental Psychology (4th, Debrecen, Hungary, October 4-6, 1995).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The fourth meeting of the Fenno-Hungarian Conferences on Developmental Psychology had as its theme "Socialization and the Child-Rearing Practice. The conference consisted of three Symposia. The first symposium, "Results of the collaborations on the basis of the series of the Fenno-Hungarian conferences," contains the following papers; (1)…

Sugar-Kadar, Julia, Ed.

1997-01-01

104

Psychological Maltreatment--Maltreatment of the Mind: A Catalyst for Advancing Child Protection toward Proactive Primary Prevention and Promotion of Personal Well-Being  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: Child protection, as primarily applied toward narrow corrective intervention, has been judged to be inadequate in dealing with the wide variety of forms and levels of physical, psychological and sexual violence to which children are subjected throughout the world. Concern about this state of affairs has grown as a part of a global…

Hart, Stuart N.; Glaser, Danya

2011-01-01

105

The Debate over the Young "Disadvantaged Child": Preschool Intervention, Developmental Psychology, and Compensatory Education in the 1960s and Early 1970s  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

I focus on the role of preschool intervention and developmental psychology researchers in defining the concept of the "disadvantaged child" and in designing and evaluating remedies to alleviate educational "disadvantages" in young children. I argue that preschool interventions concentrated especially on compensating for supposedly deficient…

Beatty, Barbara

2012-01-01

106

Applications of Generalizability Theory to Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology Research  

PubMed Central

Using generalizability theory to evaluate the reliability of child and adolescent measures enables researchers to enhance precision of measurement and consequently increase confidence in research findings. With an observer-rated measure of child self-regulation, we illustrate how multiple sources of error variance (e.g., raters, items) affect the dependability (replicability) of scores and demonstrate methods for enhancing dependability of observer ratings. Using ratings of 181 children, we illustrate the use of two-facet (i.e., raters and items as sources of error) and three-facet (i.e., raters, items and occasions) analyses to optimize design features of future studies using this measure. In addition, we show how generalizability theory provides a useful conceptual framework for thinking about determinants of scores on acquaintance (e.g., teacher or parent) ratings, as well as observer ratings, and sheds light on the strengths and limitations of both types of data for child and adolescent clinical research. PMID:19130364

Lakes, Kimberley D.; Hoyt, William T.

2013-01-01

107

Parent-Child Relations and Children's Psychological Well-Being: Do Dads Matter?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study explores the unique influence of fathers on adolescents' psychological well-being. Analyses are based on a nationally representative sample (Add Health) of students in Grades 7 through 12 living in intact homes. Results of multivariate analyses reveal that the father-adolescent relationship has an independent impact on adolescents'…

Videon, Tami M.

2005-01-01

108

Maternal Psychological Control and Child Internalizing Symptoms: Vulnerability and Protective Factors across Bioregulatory and Ecological Domains  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: We examined ecological (family socioeconomic status (SES)) and bioregulatory (sleep duration, sleep efficiency) moderators of the link between maternal psychological control and children's vulnerability to internalizing symptoms. Method: A large socioeconomically diverse sample of third graders (N = 141) and their mothers participated.…

El-Sheikh, Mona; Hinnant, J. Benjamin; Kelly, Ryan J.; Erath, Stephen

2010-01-01

109

Common Psychological Disorders in Young Children: A Handbook for Child Care Professionals  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Promote the mental health of preschool children in care by providing nurturing environments and relationships. Common Psychological Disorders in Young Children is an easy-to-use guide that will help providers recognize and cope with the symptoms and behaviors associated with ADHD, autism, anxiety, and other disorders providers may face. Learn to…

Bilmes, Jenna; Welker, Tara

2006-01-01

110

African American Children and Mental Health. Child Psychology and Mental Health  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This groundbreaking two-volume set examines the psychological, social, physical, and environmental factors that undermine or support healthy development in African American children while considering economic, historical, and public policies. African American children are at the highest risk for becoming school dropouts, for academic disengagement…

Hill, Nancy E., Ed.; Mann, Tammy L., Ed.; Fitzgerald, Hiram E., Ed.

2011-01-01

111

Parent-Child Relations and Psychological Adjustment among High-Achieving Chinese and European American Adolescents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Chinese American students are often perceived as problem-free high achievers. Recent research, however, suggests that high-achieving Chinese American students can experience elevated levels of stress, especially comparing to their peers from other ethnic groups. In this paper, we examine how family dynamics may influence psychological adjustment…

Qin, Desiree Baolian; Rak, Eniko; Rana, Meenal; Donnellan, M. Brent

2012-01-01

112

A Teaching Assistant's Guide to Child Development and Psychology in the Classroom. Second Edition  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"How can you help students most effectively in the classroom?" As a Teaching Assistant, you play a vital role in today's schools. This fully updated new edition will help you get to grips with the main issues to do with psychology and its role in the processes of teaching and learning. This accessible text, building on the success of a…

Bentham, Susan

2011-01-01

113

Parentline: A demonstration program for graduate practicum training and community service in clinical child psychology  

Microsoft Academic Search

Describes a telephone consultation service for parents with questions about their children's developmental, behavioral, and learning problems. First-year graduate students participate as staff after having completed an intensive 10-wk training program that provides a knowledge and skill base in assessment, empathic responding, child development, parenting techniques, and change theory. Staff members learn to propose interventions that include providing information, developing

Andrew F. Newcomb; Carl G. Chenkin; Alison L. Card; Nicholas S. Ialongo

1984-01-01

114

Child Development in Cultural Contexts: Implications of Cultural Psychology for Early Childhood Teacher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article we argue that early childhood educators, under the influence of last century's grand universal theories of child development, have not been attentive enough to the centrality of culture in children's development. We discuss how the exploration of contemporary developmental perspectives is critical to the field and illustrate…

Lee, Kyunghwa; Johnson, Amy S.

2007-01-01

115

Using immersive virtual reality and ecological psychology to probe into child molesters’ phenomenology  

Microsoft Academic Search

Child molesters (n=13) and sexually non-deviant subjects (n=29) were immersed with virtual characters depicting relevant sexual features while their sexual arousal and gaze behaviour were assessed to characterise their sexual preferences and intentional dynamics. Sexual arousal was measured using circumferential penile plethysmography (PPG). Gaze behaviour dynamics were derived from average gaze radial angular deviation (GRAD) and GRAD coefficient of variation

Patrice Renaud; Sylvain Chartier; Joanne-Lucine Rouleau; Jean Proulx; Mathieu Goyette; Dominique Trottier; Paul Fedoroff; John-P. Bradford; BenoÎt Dassylva; Stéphane Bouchard

2011-01-01

116

The Reading Grade Level of Common Measures in Child and Adolescent Clinical Psychology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this article is to provide easily accessible readability information for 49 parent- and 35 child- and adolescent-report measures commonly used by clinicians and researchers. There is a great deal of variability in reading ability required across measures. The majority of parent-report measures (65%) required reading ability above…

Jensen, Scott A.; Fabiano, Gregory A.; Lopez-Williams, Andy; Chacko, Anil

2006-01-01

117

Dysfunctional Cognitions and Adult Psychological Functioning in Child Sexual Abuse Survivors  

Microsoft Academic Search

Two studies explored the relationship between cognitions and long-term symptoms in adult child sexual abuse (CSA) survivors. In Study 1, an American sample of 43 survivors completed questionnaires assessing attributional style and dysfunctional beliefs in cognitive themes affected by victimization, as well as measures of posttraumatic symptoms. Survivors' attributions of negative events were more internal, stable, and global than those

Kerstin Wenninger; Anke Ehlers

1998-01-01

118

The Measurement of Psychological Maltreatment: Early Data on the Child Abuse and Trauma Scale.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Child Abuse and Trauma Scale, a self-report measure yielding a quantitative index of the frequency and extent of negative experiences in childhood and adolescence, was administered to 1,198 college students and 17 subjects with Multiple Personality Disorder. Results revealed the scale's strong internal consistency, test-retest reliability, and…

Sanders, Barbara; Becker-Lausen, Evvie

1995-01-01

119

Role of Child and Maternal Processes in the Psychological Adjustment of Children with Sickle Cell Disease.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Found that 64% of 50 children aged 7-12 years with sickle cell disease had parent-reported behavior problem. Internalizing types of behavior problems and diagnoses were most frequent. Maternal anxiety accounted for 16-33% of variance in mother-reported internalizing and externalizing behavior problems, respectively, and child pain-coping…

Thompson, Robert J., Jr.; And Others

1993-01-01

120

Maternal Psychological Distress during Pregnancy in Relation to Child Development at Age Two  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Concern exists that a constellation of negative maternal emotions during pregnancy generates persistent negative consequences for child development. Maternal reports of anxiety, pregnancy-specific and nonspecific stress, and depressive symptoms were collected during mid-pregnancy and at 6 weeks and 24 months after birth in a sample of healthy…

DiPietro, Janet A.; Novak, Matthew F. S. X.; Costigan, Kathleen A.; Atella, Lara D.; Reusing, Sarah P.

2006-01-01

121

Child Psychology: Parent Handbook. Mehlville School District ESEA Title III, PACE Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document is one of a series published by the Mehlville School District (St. Louis, Mo.) and used in their workshops for parents regarding family communications. It includes an explanation of Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs, a definition of characteristics of the family constellation, an examination of child development stages, a brief summary of…

Mehlville R-9 School District, St. Louis, MO.

122

Child And Family Studies Department Of Child And Family Studies  

E-print Network

, psychology, medicine, family law, counseling, health care, child and family studies and education. GRADUATE and advanced degrees in counseling psychology, developmental psychology, educational psychology, sociology childhood education and counseling settings and research programs give students firsthand experiences

Raina, Ramesh

123

Influence of biological, social and psychological factors on abnormal eating attitudes among female university students in Brazil.  

PubMed

The objective of the study was to estimate abnormal eating attitudes influenced by associated factors among female students of the Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, Florian6polis, southern Brazil. Abnormal eating attitudes were investigated using the eating attitudes test (EAT-26), according to the presence (EAT+) and absence (EAT-) of symptoms in a sample of 220 students. The body-image was assessed by the body-shape questionnaire (BSQ-34). Body mass index, body-fat percentage, waist-circumference, food intake (24-hour food recall), and socioeconomic characteristics (monthly household income, monthly per-capita income, and parental schooling) were also investigated. Statistical associations were tested by multivariate Poisson regression analysis. The prevalence of EAT+ and dissatisfaction with the body-image were 8.3% [confidence interval (CI) 95% 4.6-12.0] and 20.0% (CI 95% 14.7-25.3) respectively. Dissatisfaction with the body-image maintained its independent association with abnormal eating attitudes, indicating symptoms of anorexia nervosa. The results of this work highlight the importance of the planning of nutrition-education programmes in universities, aiming at assisting in the choices of food that comprise a healthful diet in a period of life of so many changes and decisions. PMID:20411681

Costa, Larrissa Cunha Feio; Vasconcelos, Francisco Assis Guedes; Peres, Karen Glazer

2010-04-01

124

Influence of Biological, Social and Psychological Factors on Abnormal Eating Attitudes among Female University Students in Brazil  

PubMed Central

The objective of the study was to estimate abnormal eating attitudes influenced by associated factors among female students of the Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, Florianópolis, southern Brazil. Abnormal eating attitudes were investigated using the eating attitudes test (EAT-26), according to the presence (EAT+) and absence (EAT-) of symptoms in a sample of 220 students. The body-image was assessed by the body-shape questionnaire (BSQ-34). Body mass index, body-fat percentage, waist-circumference, food intake (24-hour food recall), and socioeconomic characteristics (monthly household income, monthly per-capita income, and parental schooling) were also investigated. Statistical associations were tested by multivariate Poisson regression analysis. The prevalence of EAT+ and dissatisfaction with the body-image were 8.3% [confidence interval (CI) 95% 4.6–12.0] and 20.0% (CI 95% 14.7–25.3) respectively. Dissatisfaction with the body-image maintained its independent association with abnormal eating attitudes, indicating symptoms of anorexia nervosa. The results of this work highlight the importance of the planning of nutrition-education programmes in universities, aiming at assisting in the choices of food that comprise a healthful diet in a period of life of so many changes and decisions. PMID:20411681

da Cunha Feio Costa, Larissa; Peres, Karen Glazer

2010-01-01

125

Psychological Dysregulation During Adolescence Mediates the Association of Parent-Child Attachment in Childhood and Substance Use Disorder in Adulthood1  

PubMed Central

Objective This prospective study tested the hypothesis that psychological dysregulation in mid-adolescence (age 16) mediates the association between parent-child attachment in late childhood (age 10-12) and development of substance use disorder (SUD) in adulthood (age 22). Method The Youth Attachment to Parents Scale (YAPS) was developed in 10-12 year old boys and girls (N = 694) at baseline residing in western Pennsylvania. Psychological dysregulation was measured by the neurobehavior disinhibition trait. Substance use was assessed at ages 10-12, 12-14, 16 and 19. SUD was diagnosed at age 22 using the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM Disorders. The mediation of parent-child attachment and SUD by neurobehavior disinhibition was tested separately for mothers and fathers while controlling for baseline substance use. Results Psychological dysregulation mediates the association between attachment to mothers and SUD, and partially mediates the association between attachment to fathers and SUD. Significant mediation effects remains after controlling for baseline substance use. Conclusion Optimal prevention of SUD should include ameliorating both psychological dysregulation predisposing to SUD and quality of the parent-child relationship. PMID:24359508

Zhai, Zu Wei; Kirisci, Levent; Tarter, Ralph E.; Ridenour, Ty A.

2015-01-01

126

Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, VoL 23, No. 4, 1995 Deficient Inhibitory Control in Attention  

E-print Network

and re-engagement of responses after inhibition in children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) as defined in the Diagnostic and StatisticalManual of Mental Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder Russell Schachar, t,3 Rosemary Tannock, 1 Michael Marriott 1 and Gordon

Logan, Gordon D.

127

TEMPORARY ASSISTANT PROFESSOR IN PSYCHOLOGY Truman State University  

E-print Network

, of the following courses; social psychology, personality, developmental psychology, and abnormal psychology, personality, developmental psychology, APA-accredited clinical psychology, or APA-accredited counselingTEMPORARY ASSISTANT PROFESSOR IN PSYCHOLOGY Truman State University Position: Temporary Assistant

Gering, Jon C.

128

Psychological maltreatment.  

PubMed

Psychological or emotional maltreatment of children may be the most challenging and prevalent form of child abuse and neglect. Caregiver behaviors include acts of omission (ignoring need for social interactions) or commission (spurning, terrorizing); may be verbal or nonverbal, active or passive, and with or without intent to harm; and negatively affect the child's cognitive, social, emotional, and/or physical development. Psychological maltreatment has been linked with disorders of attachment, developmental and educational problems, socialization problems, disruptive behavior, and later psychopathology. Although no evidence-based interventions that can prevent psychological maltreatment have been identified to date, it is possible that interventions shown to be effective in reducing overall types of child maltreatment, such as the Nurse Family Partnership, may have a role to play. Furthermore, prevention before occurrence will require both the use of universal interventions aimed at promoting the type of parenting that is now recognized to be necessary for optimal child development, alongside the use of targeted interventions directed at improving parental sensitivity to a child's cues during infancy and later parent-child interactions. Intervention should, first and foremost, focus on a thorough assessment and ensuring the child's safety. Potentially effective treatments include cognitive behavioral parenting programs and other psychotherapeutic interventions. The high prevalence of psychological abuse in advanced Western societies, along with the serious consequences, point to the importance of effective management. Pediatricians should be alert to the occurrence of psychological maltreatment and identify ways to support families who have risk indicators for, or evidence of, this problem. PMID:22848125

Hibbard, Roberta; Barlow, Jane; Macmillan, Harriet

2012-08-01

129

Masked complex chromosome rearrangement in a child thought to have del(8qter) as the sole cytogenetic abnormality  

Microsoft Academic Search

Cytogenetic analyses of constitutional diseases have disclosed several chromosomal rearrangements. At the molecular level, these rearrangements often result in the breakage of genes or alteration of genome architecture. Fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) and molecular investigations of a patient showing hypotonia and dysmorphic traits revealed a masked complex chromosome abnormality previously detected by G-banding as a simple 8qter deletion. To

C. Surace; M. C. Digilio; A. Lombardo; P. Sirleto; A. C. Tomaiuolo; M. C. Roberti; R. Capolino; A. Angioni

2008-01-01

130

Neurobehaviour between birth and 40 weeks’ gestation in infants born <30 weeks’ gestation and parental psychological wellbeing: predictors of brain development and child outcomes  

PubMed Central

Background Infants born <30 weeks’ gestation are at increased risk of long term neurodevelopmental problems compared with term born peers. The predictive value of neurobehavioural examinations at term equivalent age in very preterm infants has been reported for subsequent impairment. Yet there is little knowledge surrounding earlier neurobehavioural development in preterm infants prior to term equivalent age, and how it relates to perinatal factors, cerebral structure, and later developmental outcomes. In addition, maternal psychological wellbeing has been associated with child development. Given the high rate of psychological distress reported by parents of preterm children, it is vital we understand maternal and paternal wellbeing in the early weeks and months after preterm birth and how this influences the parent–child relationship and children’s outcomes. Therefore this study aims to examine how 1) early neurobehaviour and 2) parental mental health relate to developmental outcomes for infants born preterm compared with infants born at term. Methods/Design This prospective cohort study will describe the neurobehaviour of 150 infants born at <30 weeks’ gestational age from birth to term equivalent age, and explore how early neurobehavioural deficits relate to brain growth or injury determined by magnetic resonance imaging, perinatal factors, parental mental health and later developmental outcomes measured using standardised assessment tools at term, one and two years’ corrected age. A control group of 150 healthy term-born infants will also be recruited for comparison of outcomes. To examine the effects of parental mental health on developmental outcomes, both parents of preterm and term-born infants will complete standardised questionnaires related to symptoms of anxiety, depression and post-traumatic stress at regular intervals from the first week of their child’s birth until their child’s second birthday. The parent–child relationship will be assessed at one and two years’ corrected age. Discussion Detailing the trajectory of infant neurobehaviour and parental psychological distress following very preterm birth is important not only to identify infants most at risk, further understand the parental experience and highlight potential times for intervention for the infant and/or parent, but also to gain insight into the effect this has on parent–child interaction and child development. PMID:24758605

2014-01-01

131

An Approach to Assessing "Accountability" in Implementing the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child: Implications for School Psychology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Together, the UN Convention on Rights of the Child and the USA's National Association of School Psychologists' (NASP) Principles for Professional Ethics (2010a) serve as aspirational documents that place a child's right to healthy development as the ultimate priority, regardless of the child's circumstances. This article…

Garbarino, James; Briggs, Alissa

2014-01-01

132

Does endorsement of physical discipline matter? Assessing moderating influences on the maternal and child psychological correlates of physical discipline in African American families.  

PubMed

Using longitudinal data from a subsample of 890 African American families in the Child Development Supplement of the Panel Study of Income Dynamics, this study examined whether maternal endorsement of physical discipline moderates the link between (a) maternal psychological distress and spanking frequency and (b) spanking frequency and child depressive symptoms. As predicted, physical discipline administered by nonendorsing mothers was more strongly linked to maternal psychological distress than physical discipline administered by endorsing mothers. Also in keeping with the authors' hypothesis, the relation between spanking frequency and child-reported depressive symptoms was stronger for children of nonendorsing mothers than for children of endorsing mothers. In particular, the positive relation between physical discipline and children's depressive symptoms was significant only for children of nonendorsing mothers. These findings suggest that within-group variation in African American mothers' attitudes about physical discipline partially regulates the conditions under which these mothers use physical discipline and the probability that physical discipline contributes to depressive symptoms in children. Conclusions and implications for future research are discussed. PMID:17605539

McLoyd, Vonnie C; Kaplan, Rachel; Hardaway, Cecily R; Wood, Dana

2007-06-01

133

COURSE SYLLABUS Psychology 350: Abnormal Psychology  

E-print Network

21 Major Mental Disorders Ch.11 Sept 28 Anxiety Disorders Ch.7&8 Oct 5 Personality Disorders Ch.12. Tests will be drawn from the lectures and assigned readings, and are objective (multiple choice, true of the lecture material applies to you and your life personally, including your own reactions and your personal

Gallo, Linda C.

134

Masked complex chromosome rearrangement in a child thought to have del(8qter) as the sole cytogenetic abnormality.  

PubMed

Cytogenetic analyses of constitutional diseases have disclosed several chromosomal rearrangements. At the molecular level, these rearrangements often result in the breakage of genes or alteration of genome architecture. Fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) and molecular investigations of a patient showing hypotonia and dysmorphic traits revealed a masked complex chromosome abnormality previously detected by G-banding as a simple 8qter deletion. To characterize the genetic rearrangements panels of bacterial artificial chromosomes (BACs) covering 8q24.22-->qter were constructed, and short tandem repeats (STRs) were used to refine the localization of the breakpoints and to assess the parental origin of the defect. Chromosome 8 displayed the breakpoint at 8q24.22 and an unexpected distal breakpoint at 8q24.23 resulting in unbalanced translocation of a small 8q genomic region on the chromosome 16qter. The study of the 16qter region revealed that the 16q subtelomere was retained and the translocated material of distal 8q was juxtaposed. Moreover, molecular analyses showed that part of the translocated 8qter segment on der(16) was partially duplicated, inverted and that the rearrangement arose in the paternal meiosis. These findings emphasize the complexity of some only apparently simple chromosomal rearrangements and suggest a subtelomeric FISH approach to enhance diagnostic care when a cytogenetic terminal deletion is found. PMID:18758162

Surace, C; Digilio, M C; Lombardo, A; Sirleto, P; Tomaiuolo, A C; Roberti, M C; Capolino, R; Angioni, A

2008-01-01

135

Parent–child conflict and psychological maladjustment: A mediational analysis with reciprocal filial belief and perceived threat  

Microsoft Academic Search

Empirical research has shown that parent–child conflict is positively related to poor adjustment in adolescents; however, the underlying processes have not been adequately examined. To explore the possible mediating pathways, reciprocal filial belief and perceived threat were chosen to represent two likely mechanisms accounting for how parent–child conflict harms adolescents' perceptions of their relationship with their parents and their self-perceptions

Kuang-Hui Yeh; Wei-Chun Tsao; Wei-Wen Chen

2010-01-01

136

1School of Psychology Research Studies in Psychology  

E-print Network

, physiological psychology, psychopharmacology, social psychology and child development. We also have several University departments, industrial companies and departments of local and national government, both), Nijmegen (Netherlands), Copenhagen, Paris and Padova (Italy). Besides the School's own equipment

Heinke, Dietmar

137

[Are mothers of children with neurodermatitis psychologically conspicuous? Critique and replication of a study of the "psychosomatic aspects of the parent-child relationship in pediatric atopic eczema"].  

PubMed

A study concerning some "psychosomatic aspects of the parent-child relationship and atopic eczema in childhood" was published in this journal in 1986 [8]. The authors concluded that mothers of children suffering from atopic eczema "were shown to be less 'spontaneous', more 'under control' and less 'emotional' than the normal population." They showed "characteristic features indicating difficulties in emotional relationships with their children." These conclusions were based on the answers of 14 mothers to a popular German personality questionnaire (Freiburger Persönlichkeitsinventar, FPI). We analyzed the investigation cited, judged it to be unsatisfactory and attempted to duplicate the study. Two parallel samples of mothers with healthy and ill children (n = 50 and n = 47) were tested with the same questionnaire. The previous results could not be verified. Therefore, we reject the interpretation that mothers of children suffering from atopic eczema have unique psychological characteristics. PMID:7591765

Langfeldt, H P

1995-09-01

138

Psychology in Action: Psychology in China  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Psychologists in the People's Republic of China are engaged in research concerning theory, Chinese language, child development, vision, audition, and areas of physiological psychology including acupuncture, pain, memory, and central nervous system functioning. The Institute of Psychology within the Chinese Academy of Sciences represents the…

Hsiao, Sigmund

1977-01-01

139

American Indian and Alaska Native Children and Mental Health: Development, Context, Prevention, and Treatment. Child Psychology and Mental Health  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This unique book examines the physical, psychological, social, and environmental factors that support or undermine healthy development in American Indian children, including economics, biology, and public policies. American Indian and Alaska Native youth suffer disproportionately higher rates of trauma, substance abuse, and youth suicide. At the…

Sarche, Michelle C., Ed.; Spicer, Paul, Ed.; Farrell, Patricia, Ed.; Fitzgerald, Hiram E., Ed.

2011-01-01

140

Abuse and Parental Characteristics, Attributions of Blame, and Psychological Adjustment in Adult Survivors of Child Sexual Abuse  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to examine the influence of abuse and parental characteristics on attributional content and determine the relative contribution of different attributions of blame in predicting psychological symptomatology among adult survivors of childhood sexual abuse. One hundred eighty-three female undergraduates with a history of…

Zinzow, Heidi; Seth, Puja; Jackson, Joan; Niehaus, Ashley; Fitzgerald, Monica

2010-01-01

141

Abuse and Parental Characteristics, Attributions of Blame, and Psychological Adjustment in Adult Survivors of Child Sexual Abuse  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to examine the influence of abuse and parental characteristics on attributional content and determine the relative contribution of different attributions of blame in predicting psychological symptomatology among adult survivors of childhood sexual abuse. One hundred eighty-three female undergraduates with a history of childhood sexual abuse completed self-report questionnaires. Abuse characteristics were significantly related to

Heidi Zinzow; Puja Seth; Joan Jackson; Ashley Niehaus; Monica Fitzgerald

2010-01-01

142

The Science and Psychology of Infant-Toddler Care: How an Understanding of Early Learning Has Transformed Child Care  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Recent research on how infants and toddlers grow and learn has provided new evidence for creating child care practices that support healthy development. The author describes 6 program practices drawn from this research. The article discusses practices that support secure attachments, identity formation, family practices, attention to developmental…

Lally, J. Ronald

2009-01-01

143

Surrogate mothers 10 years on: A longitudinal study of psychological wellbeing and relationships with the parents and child  

E-print Network

at the time of the interview and one had taken 234 antidepressants following the birth of her own child, but was no longer on medication. 235 236 11 11 The GRIMS questionnaire for the 12 surrogates who were in a relationship at both time 237 points...

Jadva, V.; Imrie, S.; Golombok, S.

2014-12-19

144

Child Abuse Negl . Author manuscript Adult outcome of children reared for long-term periods in foster families  

E-print Network

Child Abuse Negl . Author manuscript Page /1 16 Adult outcome of children reared for long-Square Distribution ; Child ; Child Abuse ; psychology ; statistics & numerical data ; Child Welfare ; Child of child placement behaviors, significant in the previous generation, had practically" " disappeared

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

145

Parricide: A Window on Child Abuse.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines parricide, the killing of one's parents, and its relationship to a history of child abuse. Presents profiles of parricide, considers the secrecy of child abuse, describes the psychology of parricide, discusses psychological abuse and emotional death, and examines the "child's voice." Stresses need for effective programs to combat child

Mones, Paul

1993-01-01

146

Counseling Psychology Educational Psychology  

E-print Network

Counseling Psychology Educational Psychology College of Education Phone: (313) 577-1618, 577-1743 Fax: (313) 577-5235 http://coe.wayne.edu/tbf/edp/counseling-psychology COUNSELING PSYCHOLOGY WITH AN EMPHASIS IN COUPLE AND FAMILY PSYCHOLOGY May, 2012 The program area of Educational Psychology offers

Berdichevsky, Victor

147

Secondary traumatic stress, psychological distress, sharing of traumatic reminiscences, and marital quality among spouses of Holocaust child survivors.  

PubMed

In this study, we examined the issue of secondary traumatic stress (STS) among spouses of Holocaust survivors who were children during the World War II. STS is defined as comprising the same components as posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), except that the person evidencing the symptoms has not actually been exposed to the traumatic event(s), but has developed them as a result of caring for someone with PTSD. Participants were 90 couples who completed self-report questionnaires regarding posttraumatic symptoms, psychological distress, and marital quality. The results showed that about one-third of the spouses suffered from some degree of STS symptoms. Secondary traumatic stress symptoms and psychological distress among spouses were significantly related to hostility, anger, paranoia, and interpersonal sensitivity in the survivor, but unrelated to whether the survivor had shared his/her reminiscences with the spouse. Female spouses were found to suffer more distress than male spouses, especially when their partner suffered high levels of PTSD. The results suggest that STS is, to a large degree, related to the demands of living with a symptomatic survivor, possibly more than to the empathic element thought to be central to this syndrome. PMID:11594012

Lev-Wiesel, R; Amir, M

2001-10-01

148

The role of abnormalities in the distal pathway of cholesterol synthesis in the Congenital Hemidysplasia with Ichthyosiform erythroderma and Limb Defects (CHILD) syndrome.  

PubMed

CHILD syndrome (Congenital Hemidysplasia with Ichthyosiform erythroderma and Limb Defects) is a rare X-linked dominant ichthyotic disorder. CHILD syndrome results from loss of function mutations in the NSDHL gene, which leads to inhibition of cholesterol synthesis and accumulation of toxic metabolic intermediates in affected tissues. The CHILD syndrome skin is characterized by plaques topped by waxy scales and a variety of developmental defects in extracutaneous tissues, particularly limb hypoplasia or aplasia. Strikingly, these alterations are commonly segregated to either the right or left side of the body midline with little to no manifestations on the ipsilateral side. By understanding the underlying disease mechanism of CHILD syndrome, a pathogenesis-based therapy has been developed that successfully reverses the CHILD syndrome skin phenotype and has potential applications to the treatment of other ichthyoses. This article is part of a Special Issue entitled The Important Role of Lipids in the Epidermis and their Role in the Formation and Maintenance of the Cutaneous Barrier. Guest Editors: Kenneth R. Feingold and Peter Elias. PMID:24060582

Seeger, Mark A; Paller, Amy S

2014-03-01

149

Parent-child conflict and psychological maladjustment: a mediational analysis with reciprocal filial belief and perceived threat.  

PubMed

Empirical research has shown that parent-child conflict is positively related to poor adjustment in adolescents; however, the underlying processes have not been adequately examined. To explore the possible mediating pathways, reciprocal filial belief and perceived threat were chosen to represent two likely mechanisms accounting for how parent-child conflict harms adolescents' perceptions of their relationship with their parents and their self-perceptions within their cognitive-appraisal framework. The former operates by attenuating children's affection towards their parents and the latter by lowering their self-perceptions. This study also distinguishes internalizing from externalizing problems in order to examine whether lower reciprocal filial belief more strongly mediates the relation between conflict with parents and adolescents' externalizing problems and whether perceived threat more strongly mediates the relation between conflict with parents and adolescents' internalizing problems. Hypotheses are as follows: (1) the more parent-child conflict adolescents report, the less reciprocal filial belief they recognize, which, in turn, leads to more maladjustments, especially externalizing ones; (2) the more parent-child conflicts adolescents report, the more threat they perceive, which, in turn, leads to more maladjustments, especially internalizing ones. Participants consisted of 603 Taiwanese adolescents (226 males and 377 females) aged 15 to 19 (average age = 16.95; SD = 0.78). Structural equation modelling analyses confirmed the hypotheses. However, the three direct effects of conflict on internalizing problems, aggression, and deviant behaviour were still significant. In addition, a greater effect of the paternal than the maternal role on the link between conflict and attenuated reciprocal filial belief, and between perceived threat and internalizing problems, was identified. Implications for understanding the mediation processes responsible for all indirect effects, even the subsidiary ones, and the greater impact of conflict with the father than with the mother are discussed. Limitations of the study and considerations for future research are also addressed. La recherche empirique a indiqué que le conflit parent-enfant est positivement lié à une faible adaptation chez les adolescents; cependant, les processus sous-jacents n'ont pas été adéquatement examinés. Pour explorer les trajectoires de médiation possibles, la croyance filiale réciproque et la menace perçue ont été sélectionnées afin de représenter deux méchanismes plausiblement responsables de comment le conflit parent-enfant nuit aux peceptions des adolescents de leur relation avec les parents ainsi que de leurs auto-perceptions dans le cadre de leur évaluation cognitive. Le premier fonctionne en atténuant l'affection des enfants envers leurs parents et le dernier fonctionne en diminuant leurs auto-perceptions. Cette étude distingue aussi les problèmes internalisés de ceux qui sont externalisés dans le but d'examiner si la plus faible croyance de filiation réciproque médie fortement la relation entre le conflit avec les parents et les problèmes externalisés des adolescents et si la menace perçue médie plus fortement la relation entre le conflit avec les parents et les problèmes internalisés des adolescents. Les hypothèses sont les suivantes: (1) plus il y a de conflit parent-enfant rapporté par les adolescents, moins il y aura de croyance filiale réciproque reconnue par les adolescents qui, en revanche, mènera à plus de mésadaptation surtout externalisée. L'échantillon incluait 603 participants (226 mâles et 377 femelles) âgés entre 15 et 19 ans (âge moyen = 16.95; SD = 0.78). Une analyse de modélisation par équation structurelle a confirmé les hypotheses. Cependant, les trois effets directs du conflit sur les problèmes internalisés, sur l'agression et sur le comportement déviant étaient toujours significatifs. De plus, nous avons observé un plus grand effet du rôle paternel plus que maternel sur le lien en

Yeh, Kuang-Hui; Tsao, Wei-Chun; Chen, Wei-Wen

2010-04-01

150

Health Psychology Psychology 320  

E-print Network

text book: Taylor, S. E. & Daniel, E. L. (2012). PSY 320 Health Psychology: Selected Material from1 Health Psychology Psychology 320 Zaje Harrell, Ph.D. Fall 2011 134B Psychology Building Tu/Th 8:30-9:50 a.m. 432-1811 office Psychology Building 118 353-5015 floor office harrellz@msu.edu Office Hours

Liu, Taosheng

151

Child-Visiting and Domestic Abuse.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Explains problems with child visiting in cases of domestic abuse. Data on domestic abuse, child care concerns, and child adjustment problems were collected from 25 mothers and 22 fathers at a child visiting program serving separated and abusive families. Psychological abuse of mothers correlated with child adjustment problems. (BB)

Shepard, Melanie

1992-01-01

152

Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, Vol. 33, No. 1, February 2005, pp. 6985 ( C 2005) DOI: 10.1007/s10802-005-0935-y  

E-print Network

attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (AD/HD) is associated with executivefunctioning). KEY WORDS: attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder; oppositional defiant disorder; conduct disorder; executive functioning; verbal fluency; working memory; planning. Attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder

Scheres, Anouk

153

Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, Vol. 31, No. 3, June 2003, pp. 315327 ( C 2003) Selective Inhibition in Children With Attention-Deficit  

E-print Network

Inhibition in Children With Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder off and on Stimulant Medication Anne-IV-diagnosed children with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and compared to that of a community sample the impairment itself, nor MPH effects, were restricted to inhibition. KEY WORDS: Attention-deficit hyperactivity

Logan, Gordon D.

154

Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 1Iol. 17, No. 5, 1989, pp. 473-491 Effects of Methylphenidate on Inhibitory Control  

E-print Network

) design was used in which 12 children, between 6 and 11 years of age, were each tested four times in each drug condition: 0.3 mg/kg and 1.0 mg/kg of methylphenidate, and placebo. Dependent measures in- cluded signal on the Stopping Task, and (b) response latency and errors on the Matching Familiar Figures Test

Logan, Gordon D.

155

FAS 11-14 / 13 Department of Psychology  

E-print Network

FAS 11-14 / 13 Department of Psychology Faculty of Arts and Science Full-time tenure-track position of Professor of Clinical Psychology (Child) The Department of Psychology is seeking applications for a full-time tenure-track position at the rank of Assistant Professor of Child Clinical Psychology. Responsibilities

Parrott, Lael

156

Meiotic abnormalities  

SciTech Connect

Chapter 19, describes meiotic abnormalities. These include nondisjunction of autosomes and sex chromosomes, genetic and environmental causes of nondisjunction, misdivision of the centromere, chromosomally abnormal human sperm, male infertility, parental age, and origin of diploid gametes. 57 refs., 2 figs., 1 tab.

NONE

1993-12-31

157

David M. Lane Department of Psychology  

E-print Network

Child Psychiatry and Human Development Developmental Psychology Educational Computing Research Frontiers-Computer Interaction Computer Applications in Psychology Developmental Psychology Online projects Rice Virtual LabVITA David M. Lane Department of Psychology MS-25 Rice University 6100 Main Street Houston, TX

Lane, David

158

Fathers with Child Custody.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Since recent laws prescribe equal rights for both parents, more fathers will be receiving custody of their children. Counseling psychology must prepare these fathers for their new parental roles. Ten suggestions are listed, including professional training in child custody and the encouragement of father-mother and father-child relationships. (LPG)

Woody, Robert H.

1978-01-01

159

Nail abnormalities  

MedlinePLUS

Nail abnormalities are problems with the color, shape, texture, or thickness of the fingernails or toenails. ... Infection: Fungus or yeast cause changes in the color, texture, and shape of the nails. Bacterial infection may cause a ...

160

Chromosomal abnormalities  

Microsoft Academic Search

Cytogenetic studies from the peripheral blood of a patient with malignant lymphoma and rhematoid arthritis who was treated with intra-articular gold Au 198 revealed mosaicism with a normal female metaphase and a 43-chromosome metaphase. The abnormal cell line showed six missing normal chromosomes and three morphologically abnormal chromosomes. The trypsin-digested G-banding metaphases showed that the marker chromosomes were an isochromosome

K. Goh; R. F. Jacox; F. W. Anderson

1980-01-01

161

Chromosomal abnormalities  

SciTech Connect

Cytogenetic studies from the peripheral blood of a patient with malignant lymphoma and rhematoid arthritis who was treated with intra-articular gold Au 198 revealed mosaicism with a normal female metaphase and a 43-chromosome metaphase. The abnormal cell line showed six missing normal chromosomes and three morphologically abnormal chromosomes. The trypsin-digested G-banding metaphases showed that the marker chromosomes were an isochromosome of the long arm of chromosome 17, a translocated chromosome that involved the long arm of chromosome 4 and a chromosome 16, and a translocated chromosome that involved the long arm of chromosome 4 and a chromosome 5. It is tempting to conclude that these abnormalities were due to the gold Au 198 treatment, but we cannot exclude other possibilities.

Goh, K.; Jacox, R.F.; Anderson, F.W.

1980-09-01

162

Dynamic mosaicism manifesting as loss, gain and rearrangement of an isodicentric Y chromosome in a male child with growth retardation and abnormal external genitalia.  

PubMed

Isodicentric chromosomes are considered the most common structural abnormality of the human Y chromosome. Because of their instability during cell division, loss of an isodicentric Y seems mainly to lie at the origin of mosaicism in previously reported patients with a 45,X cell line. Here, we report on a similar case, which, however, turned out to be an example of dynamic mosaicism involving isodicentric chromosome Y and isochromosome Y after FISH with a set of chromosome Y-specific probes and multicolor banding. Cytogenetic analyses (GTG-, C-, and Q-banding) have shown three different cell lines: 45,X/46, X,idic(Y)(q12)/46,X,+mar. The application of molecular cytogenetic techniques established the presence of four cell lines: 45,X (48%), 46,X,idic(Y)(q11.23) (42%), 46,X,i(Y)(p10) (6%) and 47,X,idic(Y)(q11.23),+idic(Y)(q11.23) (4%). According to the available literature, this is the first case of dynamic mosaicism with up to four different cell lines involving loss, gain, and rearrangement of an idic(Y)(q11.23). The present report indicates that cases of mosaicism involving isodicentric and isochromosome Ys can be more dynamic in terms of somatic intercellular variability that probably has an underappreciated effect on the phenotype. PMID:18758177

Iourov, I Y; Vorsanova, S G; Liehr, T; Monakhov, V V; Soloviev, I V; Yurov, Y B

2008-01-01

163

Congenital Abnormalities  

MedlinePLUS

... three come from the mother. The genes carried on the chromosomes determine how the baby will grow, what she will look like, and to a certain extent, how she will function. When a child is born without 46 chromosomes , or when pieces ...

164

Current Trends in Psychological Testing of Children  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this article is twofold: (a) to summarize research on test use practices among child clinicians and (b) to identify some major trends that are likely to affect psychological assessment practices with children in the near future. Although child psychological assessment practices and choice of tests have remained relatively stable over the past decade or 2, some noteworthy

R. W. Kamphaus; Martha D. Petoskey; Ellen W. Rowe

2000-01-01

165

Parental Physical and Psychological Aggression: Psychological Symptoms in Young Adults  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the relationship between various levels of parent-child physical violence and psychological symptoms reported by college students, while controlling for demographic variables, severity and frequency of violence, and co-occurrence of parental psychological aggression. Method: Participants…

Miller-Perrin, Cindy L.; Perrin, Robin D.; Kocur, Jodie L.

2009-01-01

166

PREDOCTORAL EXTERNSHIPS IN CHILD PSYCHOLOGY  

E-print Network

and adolescents ages 6-18, with a diversity of diagnoses including anxiety and mood disorders, psychosis, eating disorders, and disruptive behavior disorders. Our clinical population is determined by open clinical research projects have included treatment studies for OCD, Tourettes Disorder, Major Depression

Salzman, Daniel

167

The Impact of Emotional Abuse on Psychological Distress among Child Protective Services-Involved Adolescents with Borderline-to-Mild Intellectual Disability  

Microsoft Academic Search

Childhood maltreatment is a robust contributing factor to mental health problems in adolescents. The current study examines the impact of childhood emotional abuse on adolescent psychological distress in 48 youths with borderline-to-mild intellectual disability, as compared to 117 peers with average intellectual functioning. Both emotional abuse and intellectual functioning predicted the severity of youth psychological distress. Childhood emotional abuse has

Jonathan A. Weiss; Randall Waechter; Christine Wekerle

2011-01-01

168

Integrating Best Practices in Positive Behavior Support and Clinical Psychology for a Child with Autism and Anxiety-Related Problem Behavior: A Clinical Case Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This clinical case study investigated the effectiveness of a multicomponent intervention for a child with autism and anxiety-related problem behavior that integrated components of cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) with positive behavior support (PBS). One child with autism and his family participated. The dependent variable was the number of steps…

Neufeld, Vanessa; Law, Kimberley C. Y.; Lucyshyn, Joseph M.

2014-01-01

169

Toward terminological, conceptual, and statistical clarity in the study of mediators and moderators: Examples from the child-clinical and pediatric psychology literatures  

Microsoft Academic Search

Numerous recent attempts to identify mediated and moderated effects in child-clinical and pediatric research on child adjustment have been characterized by terminological, conceptual, and statistical inconsistencies. To promote greater clarity, the terms mediating and moderating are defined and differentiated. Recommended statistical strategies that can be used to test for these effects are reviewed (i.e., multiple regression and structural equation modeling

Grayson N. Holmbeck

1997-01-01

170

The "Test-Tube" Generation: Parent-Child Relationships and the Psychological Well-Being of In Vitro Fertilization Children at Adolescence.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Compared parent-child relationships and early adolescent well-being in families with children conceived by in vitro fertilization (IVF), adoptive families, and families with a naturally conceived child. Found that IVF children were functioning well and did not differ from other children in social or emotional adjustment. (Author/KB)

Golombok, Susan; MacCallum, Fiona; Goodman, Emma

2001-01-01

171

School Psychology Review: 2006-2010  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The vision for "School Psychology Review" for the 2006-2010 editorial term is described, and five major goals are outlined. These goals include (a) addressing issues of critical importance to school psychology and the broader domains of child-oriented psychology and education; (b) promoting intervention and prevention research and publishing this…

Power, Thomas J.

2006-01-01

172

Not All Bad Treatment Is Psychological Maltreatment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One of the conceptual and definitional issues that has plagued the study of child maltreatment is the relationship between intention and outcome. This paper flows from the finding that the common developmentally destructive element in all forms of child maltreatment is psychological maltreatment, that the study of child abuse and neglect is the…

Garbarino, James

2011-01-01

173

1 Professional Psychology PROFESSIONAL PSYCHOLOGY  

E-print Network

1 Professional Psychology PROFESSIONAL PSYCHOLOGY Offered through the Columbian College of Arts and Sciences' social and behavioral sciences discipline, the professional psychology program teaches students that combines extensive practical experience with classes on scientific foundations of psychology taught

Vertes, Akos

174

The Impact of Perceived Child Physical and Sexual Abuse History on Native American Women's Psychological Well-Being and AIDS Risk  

Microsoft Academic Search

The impact of perceived child abuse history on 160 adult, Native American women's emotional well-being (i.e., depressive mood and anger) and AIDS risk was examined. How sense of mastery and social support might lead to women's greater resiliency was also investigated. Child physical–emotional abuse was found to have greater impact on depressive mood and anger and AIDS risk than did

Stevan E. Hobfoll; Anita Bansal; Rebecca Schurg; Sarah Young; Charles A. Pierce; Ivonne Hobfoll; Robert Johnson

2002-01-01

175

Psychology 340 Social Psychology  

E-print Network

Psychology 340 Social Psychology Spring 2009 Syllabus and Class Requirements Class meetings and how individuals behave in social situations. I would like every person to come out of this class Office Hours: By appointment; usually available after class E-mail: jtwenge@mail.sdsu.edu TAs: Alexandra

Gallo, Linda C.

176

Psychology 340 Social Psychology  

E-print Network

Psychology 340 Social Psychology Spring 2008 Syllabus and Class Requirements Class meetings situations. I would like every person to come out of this class with two things: 1) a knowledge of social Office Hours: By appointment; usually available after class E-mail: jtwenge@mail.sdsu.edu TA: Jennifer

Gallo, Linda C.

177

CURRICULUM VITAE Department of Psychology Phone: (905) 569-4633  

E-print Network

, Germany 2009 M.A. Clinical Child Psychology, University of Fribourg, Switzerland 2005 Ph.D. Developmental of Developmental Psychology Position (W3), Department of Psychology, Friedrich Schiller University Jena, GermanyCURRICULUM VITAE Tina Malti Department of Psychology Phone: (905) 569-4633 University of Toronto

Sokolowski, Marla

178

What Are Good Child Outcomes?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper considers the question "What are good child outcomes?" from the perspectives of developmental psychology, economics, and sociology. Section 1 of the paper examines good child outcomes as characteristics of stage-salient tasks of development. Section 2 emphasizes the acquisition of "human capital," the development of productive traits…

Moore, Kristin Anderson; Evans, V. Jeffery; Brooks-Gunn, Jeanne; Roth, Jodie

179

Bachelor of Science, Psychology 2011-2012 Old Dominion University Catalog  

E-print Network

: Developmental 321 Except. Child; 322 Adolescence ;334 Soc. Devel; 351 Child ;352 Cogn. Devel. Child. ; 353 & Behavior; 405 Abnormal; 412 Testing; or 461 Drug Abuse & Dependency AREA V: Cultural Context 323 Psyc

180

Bachelor of Science, Psychology 2013-2014 Old Dominion University Catalog  

E-print Network

: Developmental 321 Except. Child; 322 Adolescence ;334 Soc. Devel; 351 Child ;352 Cogn. Devel. Child. ; 353 & Behavior; 405 Abnormal; 412 Testing; or 461 Drug Abuse & Dependency AREA V: Cultural Context 323 Psyc

181

A Study of Investigating Child Abuse  

Microsoft Academic Search

Child abuse can take many forms. Such forms can include physical abuse, verbal abuse, sexual abuse, psychological abuse, neglect, and maltreatment. The child will almost always be questioned about the abuse. The way in which the police officers and the criminal justice system go about their investigation can affect the child. There are certain ways in which to question a

Bryan Cairnduff

2012-01-01

182

CURRICULUM VITAE Kristina Childs, Ph.D.  

E-print Network

, A.M., Frick, P.J., Childs, K., & Terranova, A.M. (forthcoming). Gender Differences in the Assessment of Adolescence. New York: Springer Publishing. PEER-REVIEWED PUBLICATIONS Childs, K., Dembo, R., Belenko, S across sample and gender. Psychological Assessment. Childs, K., Dembo, R., Belenko, S., Wareham, J

Wu, Shin-Tson

183

Neuroendocrinology of the mother—child interaction  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mother-child interaction is usually described in psychological terms; however, it is becoming increasingly clear that neuroendocrine mechanisms are involved in the mother-child interaction. Mother and fetus influence each other by hormonal mechanisms in utero, and after birth, mother and child interact by way of sensory stimulation. In the breastfeeding situation, the infant's suckling stimulates maternal oxytocin and PRL release and,

Kerstin Uvnäs-Moberg

1996-01-01

184

What Science Is Telling Us: How Neurobiology and Developmental Psychology Are Changing the Way Policymakers and Communities Think about the Developing Child. Perspectives  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

By bringing together neurologists, developmental psychologists, pediatricians, and economists, the National Scientific Council on the Developing Child offers a unique knowledge base from which early childhood policy and practice can be informed. By communicating how and why early experiences have a lasting impact on brain architecture--and what…

Friedman, Dorian

2006-01-01

185

A Developmental Psychology Perspective in Germany: Co-Construction of Transitions between Family and Education System by the Child, Parents and Pedagogues  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In Germany, there exists a traditional gap between kindergarten and primary school. Transition research has led to a new understanding of the need for cooperation between different educational institutions and the family at this time. This article emphasises that educational transitions affect not only the child but also the parents, who actively…

Griebel, Wilfried; Niesel, Renate

2009-01-01

186

Socioeconomic inequalities in parent-reported and teacher-reported psychological well-being  

PubMed Central

Objective To determine whether there are differences in the social gradient of parent-reported and teacher-reported child psychological well-being. Design Secondary data analysis comparing ratings of child psychological well-being (Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire, SDQ) in the UK Millennium Cohort Study at 7?years by socioeconomic circumstances (SEC). A number of measures of SEC were tested; results are reported for maternal education. From a sample of 13?168 singletons who participated at the age of 7?years, complete data were available for 8207 children. Results There was a social gradient in SDQ scores reported by parents and teachers, with ‘borderline/abnormal’ scores more prevalent in children with lower-educated mothers. However, the gradient was more marked in parent report compared with teacher report, and discrepancies between parent and teacher reports were greatest for children from higher SECs. Conclusions The social gradient in child psychological well-being, although present, was weaker in teacher report compared with parent report. This may be because children behave differently in school and home settings, or parents and teachers demonstrate reporting bias. PMID:25165074

Lewis, Hannah; Hope, Steven; Pearce, Anna

2015-01-01

187

HISTORY OF PSYCHOLOGY Psychology 405  

E-print Network

1 HISTORY OF PSYCHOLOGY Psychology 405 Department of Psychology Michigan State University Spring, 2011 Class meeting times: Tuesday, Thursday, 12:40-2:00 p.m. Place: 119 Psychology Building Instructor: L.J. Harris Office: 217 Psychology Building Office Hours: Mondays, 3:00 - 5 p.m.; other times

Liu, Taosheng

188

HISTORY OF PSYCHOLOGY Psychology 805  

E-print Network

1 HISTORY OF PSYCHOLOGY Psychology 805 Department of Psychology Michigan State University Fall, 2012 Class meeting times: Tuesday, Thursday, 12:40-2:30 p.m. Place: 120 Psychology Building Instructor: L.J. Harris Office: 217 Psychology Building Office Hours: Mondays, 3:00 - 5 p.m.; other times

Liu, Taosheng

189

HISTORY OF PSYCHOLOGY Psychology 805  

E-print Network

1 HISTORY OF PSYCHOLOGY Psychology 805 Department of Psychology Michigan State University Spring, 2011 Class meeting times: Tuesday, Thursday, 12:40-2:30 p.m. Place: 119 Psychology Building Instructor: L.J. Harris Office: 217 Psychology Building Office Hours: Mondays, 3:00 - 5 p.m.; other times

Liu, Taosheng

190

Psychology Undergraduate BSc (Hons) Psychology  

E-print Network

Economics Psychology Undergraduate BSc (Hons) Psychology MSci (Hons) Psychology #12;Welcome from the Head of Department The University of Bath is a world-class institution. In the Department of Psychology we offer high-quality undergraduate degrees in Psychology ­ our BSc (Hons) has consistently ranked

Burton, Geoffrey R.

191

Child Psychopathology, Second Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This text integrates state-of-the-art theory and empirical research on a wide range of child and adolescent disorders. Featuring contributions from leading scholars and clinicians, the volume provides comprehensive coverage of the biological, psychological, and social-contextual determinants of childhood problems. Each chapter focuses on a…

Mash, Eric J.; Barkley, Russell A.

192

Psychological and social consequences of losing a child in a natural or human-made disaster: a review of the evidence.  

PubMed

Exposure to natural and human-made disasters is associated with long-term health consequences, including for mental health. Parents who have lost children, particularly their only children, in any circumstances are also at increased risk of developing mental health problems. The aim of this study was to review the available evidence about the psychological and social consequences for parents who had faced these circumstances simultaneously through losing children in a disaster. Systematic searching of the English and Chinese language literatures about the psychological and social functioning of bereaved parents after disasters revealed that a small number of studies met inclusion criteria. The results showed that bereaved parents had more mental health problems than bereaved spouses and non-bereaved parents, and mothers appeared to be more vulnerable to mental health problems than fathers. Potential protective factors for bereaved parents' mental health included having psychological interventions, having adequate social support, seeing their children's bodies and having a subsequent baby. Although the literature was modest and methodologically diverse, there was a consistent finding that parents who have lost children in disasters were at high risk of suffering mental health problems, especially bereaved mothers. As there was little evidence, further studies are needed to understand the best advice and interventions to offer bereaved parents and provide enhanced mental health care of such bereaved populations after disasters. PMID:23857912

Xu, Yao; Herrman, Helen; Tsutsumi, Atsuro; Fisher, Jane

2013-12-01

193

Sex and Psychological Differentiation in Preschoolers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examined the relationship between selected maternal attitudes and the sex, sex role preference and level of psychological differentiation of the preschool child. Data indicate that extreme sex role typing works against learning. (GO)

Domash, Leanne; Balter, Lawrence

1976-01-01

194

Predictors of mother-child interaction quality and child attachment security in at-risk families.  

PubMed

Child healthy development is largely influenced by parent-child interaction and a secure parent-child attachment is predictively associated with positive outcomes in numerous domains of child development. However, the parent-child relationship can be affected by several psychosocial and socio-demographic risk factors that undermine its quality and in turn play a negative role in short and long term child psychological health. Prevention and intervention programs that support parenting skills in at-risk families can efficiently reduce the impact of risk factors on mother and child psychological health. This study examines predictors of mother-child interaction quality and child attachment security in a sample of first-time mothers with psychosocial and/or socio-demographic risk factors. Forty primiparous women satisfying specific risk criteria participated in a longitudinal study with their children from pregnancy until 18 month of child age. A multiple psychological and socioeconomic assessment was performed. The Emotional Availability Scales were used to measure the quality of emotional exchanges between mother and child at 12 months and the Attachment Q-Sort served as a measure of child attachment security at 18 months. Results highlight both the effect of specific single factors, considered at a continuous level, and the cumulative risk effect of different co-occurring factors, considered at binary level, on mother-child interaction quality and child attachment security. Implication for the selection of inclusion criteria of intervention programs that support parenting skills in at-risk families are discussed. PMID:25191287

De Falco, Simona; Emer, Alessandra; Martini, Laura; Rigo, Paola; Pruner, Sonia; Venuti, Paola

2014-01-01

195

Predictors of mother–child interaction quality and child attachment security in at-risk families  

PubMed Central

Child healthy development is largely influenced by parent–child interaction and a secure parent–child attachment is predictively associated with positive outcomes in numerous domains of child development. However, the parent–child relationship can be affected by several psychosocial and socio-demographic risk factors that undermine its quality and in turn play a negative role in short and long term child psychological health. Prevention and intervention programs that support parenting skills in at-risk families can efficiently reduce the impact of risk factors on mother and child psychological health. This study examines predictors of mother–child interaction quality and child attachment security in a sample of first-time mothers with psychosocial and/or socio-demographic risk factors. Forty primiparous women satisfying specific risk criteria participated in a longitudinal study with their children from pregnancy until 18 month of child age. A multiple psychological and socioeconomic assessment was performed. The Emotional Availability Scales were used to measure the quality of emotional exchanges between mother and child at 12 months and the Attachment Q-Sort served as a measure of child attachment security at 18 months. Results highlight both the effect of specific single factors, considered at a continuous level, and the cumulative risk effect of different co-occurring factors, considered at binary level, on mother–child interaction quality and child attachment security. Implication for the selection of inclusion criteria of intervention programs that support parenting skills in at-risk families are discussed. PMID:25191287

De Falco, Simona; Emer, Alessandra; Martini, Laura; Rigo, Paola; Pruner, Sonia; Venuti, Paola

2014-01-01

196

Promoting Writing among Psychology Students and Faculty: An Interview with Dana S. Dunn  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Perilou Goddard is a professor of psychology at Northern Kentucky University (NKU), where she teaches introductory and abnormal psychology as well as courses in writing in psychology and drug policy. She was chosen as NKU's outstanding professor in 1999. Dana S. Dunn is a professor of psychology and former chair of the Department of Psychology at…

Goddard, Perilou

2002-01-01

197

Psychology Undergraduate MSci (Hons) Psychology  

E-print Network

Psychology Undergraduate MSci (Hons) Psychology #12;The University of Bath is to offer an exciting new MSci (Hons) programme in Psychology, available from autumn 2014 onwards (subject to final approval with the opportunity to advance your knowledge of the field of psychology, while gaining a masters level qualification

Burton, Geoffrey R.

198

Skeletal limb abnormalities  

MedlinePLUS

Skeletal limb abnormalities may be due to: Cancer Genetic diseases and chromosomal abnormalities, including Marfan syndrome , Down syndrome, Apert syndrome , Basal cell nevus syndrome Improper position ...

199

Child: A Learning Model and a Bi-directional Phenomenon.  

PubMed

Forty-five years of work with children has enriched my knowledge. Child development and psychology has made basic concepts of general psychology and abnormal psychology clearer. 'Meanings' have become more meaningful. It has made me a better professional; large number of communication and teaching skill has been the end result of such a long association with diverse groups of children who needed special care. Apart from professional skills as a clinician and as a teacher, it has made me a better person and a better parent. I have been fortunate to work with a large number and different groups of children who were in some way very special. Some were classified under various disabilities or diagnosed under different categories. I also had the privilege of working with different institutions, e.g., child guidance clinics run by a paediatrics department and a psychiatry department of a general hospital and a teaching hospital. Years of association with College of Special Work and Institute of Social Science have made me understand the very important facet of sociocultural influence on the development of human behaviour. I was further fortunate to work with children in closed and open institutions, residential care units and day care units, institutions where court committed children were observed, treated, trained and cared for, destitute children and delinquent children in remand homes, rescue homes and custodial care homes. I was fortunate to be part of the group which dealt with children who were in conflict with the law, belonging to diverse categories like street children, working children, child sex workers and sexually abused children. This paper is a reflection on experience gained over the decades. PMID:25838721

Shastri, Priyvadan C

2015-01-01

200

Child: A Learning Model and a Bi-directional Phenomenon*  

PubMed Central

Forty-five years of work with children has enriched my knowledge. Child development and psychology has made basic concepts of general psychology and abnormal psychology clearer. ‘Meanings’ have become more meaningful. It has made me a better professional; large number of communication and teaching skill has been the end result of such a long association with diverse groups of children who needed special care. Apart from professional skills as a clinician and as a teacher, it has made me a better person and a better parent. I have been fortunate to work with a large number and different groups of children who were in some way very special. Some were classified under various disabilities or diagnosed under different categories. I also had the privilege of working with different institutions, e.g., child guidance clinics run by a paediatrics department and a psychiatry department of a general hospital and a teaching hospital. Years of association with College of Special Work and Institute of Social Science have made me understand the very important facet of sociocultural influence on the development of human behaviour. I was further fortunate to work with children in closed and open institutions, residential care units and day care units, institutions where court committed children were observed, treated, trained and cared for, destitute children and delinquent children in remand homes, rescue homes and custodial care homes. I was fortunate to be part of the group which dealt with children who were in conflict with the law, belonging to diverse categories like street children, working children, child sex workers and sexually abused children. This paper is a reflection on experience gained over the decades.

Shastri, Priyvadan C.

2015-01-01

201

Teaching Pediatric Psychology Concepts to Medical Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The psychiatric/behavioral science component of the medical school curriculum at Texas A&M University, which involves a pediatric psychology rotation, is described. The content areas of pediatric psychology includes the basic curriculum areas of child/adolescent psychodiagnostic categories, behavioral/developmental disorders, and knowledge of…

Rae, William A.

202

SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY PSY 235 001, Spring 2014  

E-print Network

psychology uses the scientific method to understand the relationship between the individual and his or her influence is pervasive: romantic relationships, economic decision making, child rearing, marketing on how successfully you master and are able to apply the approaches and methods of social psychology

Liu, Taosheng

203

SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY PSY 235 001, Summer 2013,  

E-print Network

psychology. Research in social psychology uses the scientific method to understand the relationship between pervasive: romantic relationships, economic decision making, child rearing, marketing and advertising, group primarily upon how successfully you master, and are able to apply, the approaches to and methods of social

Liu, Taosheng

204

Economic Pressure and Children's Psychological Functioning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We examined the mediating role of family dynamics (marital quality, parental depression) in the link between economic pressure and child psychological functioning using the data from the National Survey of Family and Households (NSFH). From the initial multiethnic probability sample, we used a subsample of 2998 parents with a focal child 5 to 17…

Robila, Mihaela; Krishnakumar, Ambika

2006-01-01

205

A Case of ADHD and a Major Y Chromosome Abnormality  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: ADHD is a common, heritable disorder of childhood. Sex chromosome abnormalities are relatively rare conditions that are sometimes associated with behavioral disorders. Method: The authors present a male child with ADHD and a major de-novo Y chromosome abnormality consisting of deletion of the long arm and duplication of the short arm.…

Mulligan, Aisling; Gill, Michael; Fitzgerald, Michael

2008-01-01

206

Treatment of Neurosensory Disorders Improves Psychological Well-Being in Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Psychological well-being is the ultimate "quality of life" measure. The presence of a neurosensory disorder (NSD) in a child, such as ADD, ADHD, Asperger's syndrome, or autism, can rob the child of psychological well-being, or hamper the growth of well-being as the child develops. Fortunately, treatment of NSDs can remove obstacles to the…

Bohlander, Robert

2009-01-01

207

Causal Inference and Developmental Psychology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Causal inference is of central importance to developmental psychology. Many key questions in the field revolve around improving the lives of children and their families. These include identifying risk factors that if manipulated in some way would foster child development. Such a task inherently involves causal inference: One wants to know whether…

Foster, E. Michael

2010-01-01

208

Psychological adjustment in young children with chronic medical conditions.  

PubMed

Children with chronic medical conditions are at higher risk for behavioral and emotional problems compared to physically healthy children. This study used a conceptual model to examine factors associated with psychological adjustment in children aged 7-11 years old with any of four chronic illnesses. The variables most closely associated with child adjustment included the following: mothers' evaluation of the impact of the child's illness on the family; child's perceptions of parental acceptance; and child's self-perceptions of physical appearance, social acceptance, and athletic competence. These findings confirm the importance of maternal and child perceptions in understanding the psychological adjustment of children with chronic conditions. PMID:16980136

Immelt, Susan

2006-10-01

209

Positive Psychology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Positive psychology is a deliberate correction to the focus of psychology on problems. Positive psychology does not deny the difficulties that people may experience but does suggest that sole attention to disorder leads to an incomplete view of the human condition. Positive psychologists concern themselves with four major topics: (1) positive…

Peterson, Christopher

2009-01-01

210

Darwinian theory, functionalism, and the first American psychological revolution.  

PubMed

American functionalist psychology constituted an effort to model scientific psychology on the successes of English evolutionary theory. In part it was a response to the stagnation of Wundt's psychological research program, which had been grounded in German experimental physiology. In part it was an attempt to make psychology more appealing within the highly pragmatic American context and to facilitate the application of psychology to domains outside of the scientific laboratory. Applications of psychology that emerged from the functionalist ethos included child and developmental psychology, clinical psychology, psychological testing, and industrial/vocational psychology. Functionalism was also the ground within which behaviorism rooted and grew into the dominant form of psychology through the middle of the 20th century. PMID:19203139

Green, Christopher D

2009-01-01

211

Child Development  

MedlinePLUS

Start of Search Controls Search Form Controls Child Development Cancel Submit Search The CDC CDC A-Z ... Start of Search Controls Search Form Controls Child Development Cancel Submit Search The CDC Child Development Note: ...

212

Psychology 675 Applied Psychological Measurement  

E-print Network

Psychology 675 Applied Psychological Measurement Spring 2011 Instructor: Kate Hattrup, Ph.D. Office' ascription of others' work to themselves is to condone dishonesty, to deny the purpose of formal education

Gallo, Linda C.

213

Behavioural consequences of child abuse  

PubMed Central

Abstract Objective To discuss the consequences of abuse on childhood behavioural development, to highlight some behavioural clues that might alert physicians to ongoing child abuse, and to explore the specific role of the family physician in this clinical situation. Sources of information A systematic search was used to review relevant research, clinical review articles, and child protection agency websites. Main message A child’s behaviour is an outward manifestation of inner stability and security. It is a lens through which the family physician can observe the development of the child throughout his or her life. All types of abuse are damaging to children—physically, emotionally, and psychologically—and can cause long-term difficulties with behaviour and mental health development. Family physicians need to be aware of and alert to the indicators of child abuse and neglect so that appropriate interventions can be provided to improve outcomes for those children. Conclusion Child abuse might cause disordered psychological development and behaviour problems. Family physicians have an important role in recognizing behaviour clues that suggest child abuse and in providing help to protect children. PMID:23946022

Al Odhayani, Abdulaziz; Watson, William J.; Watson, Lindsay

2013-01-01

214

TexasChildStudy  

Cancer.gov

The Texas Child Study Center is a collaboration between the University of Texas at Austin and Dell Children’s Medical Center. The Center’s postdoctoral fellowship program provides advanced training in clinical services, supervision, and research in evidence-based treatment, group and family therapy, and psychological and neuropsychological assessment with children and adolescents that have emotional and behavioral disorders, as well as children with medical illness.

215

Legal and Criminological Psychology (1999), 4, 7992 Printed in Great Britain 1999 The British Psychological Society  

E-print Network

events Joyce E. Ochsner, Maria S. Zaragoza* and Karen J. Mitchell Department of Psychology, Kent State and members of the legal profession. Struggles to prosecute crimes against children in which the child to *Requests for reprints should be addressed to Maria S. Zaragoza, Department of Psychology, Kent State

Johnson, Marcia K.

1999-01-01

216

The child in hospital*  

PubMed Central

In 1951 the WHO Regional Office for Europe as a part of its long-term activities in child health initiated plans for a meeting between paediatricians and child psychiatrists, at which they could discuss their respective roles and the co-ordination of their work. Early in 1953 an ad hoc committee was called together to discuss the possibility of holding a conference which would delineate the role of the paediatrician in the management of psychosomatic and behaviour disorders in young children. This committee, consisting of leading specialists in paediatrics and child psychiatry, under the chairmanship of Professor R. Debré (France), felt that any wider conference should be devoted to considering more fully the inter-relation of somatic and psychological processes in sick children, the respective roles of paediatricians and child psychiatrists in their treatment, and the working relations between the different disciplines responsible for the care of children. In order to avoid diffusion of effort, and to arrive as far as possible at practical conclusions, the study group that was subsequently convened in Stockholm concentrated on one important aspect of child care—the child in hospital. PMID:14364192

1955-01-01

217

To appear in British Journal of Developmental Psychology Running Head: INPUT ON BIOLOGICAL CONCEPTS  

E-print Network

To appear in British Journal of Developmental Psychology Running Head: INPUT ON BIOLOGICAL CONCEPTS-cultural developmental psychology; language development; science; conceptual development; folkbiology #12;Input-child conversations in English and Indonesian Overview Developmental research into children's intuitive understandings

Grzybowski, Bartosz A.

218

Child Maltreatment and the School Psychologist  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Child maltreatment remains a relevant issue for school psychologists. This special issue was designed to provide school psychology practitioners, researchers, and other school personnel with current, empirically sound information about child maltreatment. This introduction provides context for the articles in this volume, including definitions of…

Viezel, Kathleen D.; Davis, Andrew S.

2015-01-01

219

POSTTRAUMATIC GROWTH AMONG HOLOCAUST CHILD SURVIVORS  

Microsoft Academic Search

The objective of this study was to examine the relationship between posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptomatology, personal resources, and posttraumatic growth (PTG) in Holocaust child survivors. Ninety-seven nonclinical Holocaust child survivors who were born after 1930 were administered self-report questionnaires with regard to PTG, psychological distress, potency, and perceived social support. Results indicated that arousal, a PTSD category, and PTG

RACHEL LEV-WIESEL; MARIANNE AMIR

2003-01-01

220

Abnormal Uterine Bleeding  

MedlinePLUS

... abnormal uterine bleeding is caused by a hormone imbalance. When hormones are the problem, doctors call the ... bleeding, or DUB. Abnormal bleeding caused by hormone imbalance is more common in teenagers or in women ...

221

Abnormal Head Position  

MedlinePLUS

... cause. Can a longstanding head turn lead to any permanent problems? Yes, a significant abnormal head posture could cause permanent ... occipitocervical synostosis and unilateral hearing loss. Are there any ... postures? Yes. Abnormal head postures can usually be improved depending ...

222

Rev 1.0 Psychology 202 Winter 2012 Pg. 1 ***!!READ THIS WHOLE THING!!***  

E-print Network

. #12;Rev 1.0 Psychology 202 Winter 2012 Pg. 2 In addition to your GHH text book, youRev 1.0 Psychology 202 Winter 2012 Pg. 1 ***!!READ THIS WHOLE THING!!*** PSYCHOLOGY is an introduction to psychological research methods, child and adult development, personality

Lockery, Shawn

223

Notes on articles in educational psychology in current issues of other magazines  

Microsoft Academic Search

Provides notes on articles in educational psychology in current issues of other magazines. Article topics include intelligence testing, measurement of achievement, psychology of learning and school subjects, statistical methods, child psychology, educational psychology, administration and supervision, educational and vocational guidance, study habits and methods, educational sociology, and miscellaneous.

James E. Mendenhall

1929-01-01

224

Child Sexual Abuse Myths: Attitudes, Beliefs, and Individual Differences  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Child sexual abuse myths comprise incorrect beliefs regarding sexual abuse, victims, and perpetrators. Relations among myth acceptance, responses to disclosure, legal decisions, and victims' subsequent psychological and health outcomes underscore the importance of understanding child sexual abuse myths. Despite accurate knowledge regarding child

Cromer, Lisa DeMarni; Goldsmith, Rachel E.

2010-01-01

225

[Political psychology].  

PubMed

In Hungary one can mostly find references to the psychological processes of politics in the writings of publicists, public opinion pollsters, philosophers, social psychologists, and political analysts. It would be still important if not only legal scientists focusing on political institutions or sociologist-politologists concentrating on social structures could analyse the psychological aspects of political processes; but one could also do so through the application of the methods of political psychology. The authors review the history of political psychology, its position vis-à-vis other fields of science and the essential interfaces through which this field of science, which is still to be discovered in Hungary, connects to other social sciences. As far as its methodology comprising psycho-biographical analyses, questionnaire-based queries, cognitive mapping of interviews and statements are concerned, it is identical with the psychiatric tools of medical sciences. In the next part of this paper, the focus is shifted to the essence and contents of political psychology. Group dynamics properties, voters' attitudes, leaders' personalities and the behavioural patterns demonstrated by them in different political situations, authoritativeness, games, and charisma are all essential components of political psychology, which mostly analyses psychological-psychiatric processes and also involves medical sciences by relying on cognitive and behavioural sciences. This paper describes political psychology, which is basically part of social sciences, still, being an interdisciplinary science, has several ties to medical sciences through psychological and psychiatric aspects. PMID:23587541

Resch, Mária; Bella, Tamás

2013-04-21

226

DRAFT of Klahr, D. (2012) Patterns, Rules, & Discoveries in Life and in Science. In Carver, S., & Shrager, J..(Eds.) The Journey From Child to Scientist: Integrating Cognitive Development and the Education Sciences. Washington DC: American Psychological A  

E-print Network

., & Shrager, J..(Eds.) The Journey From Child to Scientist: Integrating Cognitive Development in Life and in Science David Klahr Inspired by the theme of the Festschrift ­ "From Child to Scientist describe a series of important events along my path from Child to Scientist. That part is, necessarily

Klahr, David

2012-01-01

227

Child Maltreatment  

PubMed Central

Child maltreatment (CM) is common worldwide, and can take many forms. It may even endanger the child’s life, especially when younger children are the victims. CM affects the child’s quality of life and consequently leads to long term issues to be dealt with by the child, family and community. This case series discusses six children who have been subjected to CM, and diagnosed by the child protection team of the departments of Child Health and Behavioural Medicine at Sultan Qaboos University Hospital (SQUH), Oman. The aim of this case series is to increase the level of awareness of CM among Oman’s medical professionals and to highlight the difficulties encountered in diagnosing and providing optimal care for these children. Although treatment is provided in Oman’s health care system, it is clear that there are gaps in the existing system which affect the quality of child protection services provided to the children and their families. PMID:22375265

Al-Saadoon, Muna; Al-Sharbati, Marwan; Nour, Ibtisam El; Al-Said, Basma

2012-01-01

228

Department of Psychology Psychology Minor Requirements  

E-print Network

Department of Psychology Psychology Minor Requirements The minor program in Psychology is designed to expose students to a variety of content areas in the field of Psychology and to provide the student with the ability to evaluate Psychology researcher as a consumer. To declare a Psychology minor, the student must

Chase, Sheila

229

Health psychology training in doctoral psychology programs  

Microsoft Academic Search

Presents the results of a Division 38 (the health psychology division of the American Psychological Association) survey of graduate training programs in psychology, along with facility-specific information on doctoral training opportunities in health psychology as of Fall 1981. 310 questionnaires were returned from psychology programs; 53 indicated that doctoral training in health psychology was available at their institution. It was

Cynthia D. Belar; Eugenie Wilson; Howard Hughes

1982-01-01

230

PROGRAM HANDBOOK SCHOOL PSYCHOLOGY  

E-print Network

PROGRAM HANDBOOK SCHOOL PSYCHOLOGY SPECIALIZATION (NASP-Approved) IN EDUCATIONAL PSYCHOLOGY information specific to the School Psychology Specialization. This specialization is fully approved ................................................................................................ 3 THE DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATIONAL PSYCHOLOGY .............................. 3 SCHOOL PSYCHOLOGY

Saldin, Dilano

231

Child Nutrition  

MedlinePLUS

A healthy diet helps children grow and learn. It also helps prevent obesity and weight-related diseases, such as diabetes. To give your child a nutritious diet Make half of what is on your child's ...

232

Psychological factors in childhood headaches.  

PubMed

Recurrent headaches in children are most often migraines and are based in a genetic predisposition with a low headache threshold. As with any pain experience, there is a large emotional component associated with an attack of migraines that grows in amplitude as the headaches become more frequent and resistant to medicine, sleep, or other agents that used to work. Childhood headaches are especially complicated for 3 reasons: (1) the parents' fear (communicated to the child that serious medical pathology underlies the head pain), (2) the lack of evidence-based pharmacologic treatment, and (3) the belief that these headaches are largely psychological. This article addresses the mystery surrounding childhood headaches by delving into the influence of school, friends, and family; the impact of divorce; the coping skills required for a child to manage a migrainous nervous system; the potential secondary gain from headaches; psychiatric comorbidities and how to treat them; and the role of psychological intervention. PMID:20541100

Farmer, Kathleen; Dunn, David; Scott, Eric

2010-06-01

233

A Further Examination of the Distinction between Dependency-Oriented and Achievement-Oriented Parental Psychological Control: Psychometric Properties of the DAPCS with French-Speaking Late Adolescents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Psychological control refers to parental behaviors that intrude on the psychological and emotional development of the child. In 2010, Soenens et al. proposed a distinction between two domain-specific expressions of psychological control, that is, Dependency-oriented Psychological Control (DPC) and Achievement-oriented Psychological Control (APC).…

Mantzouranis, Gregory; Zimmermann, Gregoire; Mahaim, Elodie Biermann; Favez, Nicolas

2012-01-01

234

Urine - abnormal color  

MedlinePLUS

The usual color of urine is straw-yellow. Abnormally colored urine may be cloudy, dark, or blood-colored. ... Abnormal urine color may be caused by infection, disease, medicines, or food you eat. Cloudy or milky urine is a sign ...

235

[Psychological harassment].  

PubMed

Two types of harassment are distinguished: sexual and psychological. In the private sector, according to French labour laws and the penal code, psychological harassment is actionable. It is up to the employer to prove the absence of harassment. The sanctions incurred can be up to 5 years imprisonment and a 150,000 euro fine and various measures of compensation for damages can be envisaged. PMID:23672157

Puech, Paloma; Pitcho, Benjamin

2013-04-01

236

PSYCHOLOGY 376 CHILD DEVELOPMENT SPRING 2010  

E-print Network

, C., Cole, M., & Cole, S. Thedevelopment of children (6th Ed.) New York, NY: Worth Publishers. Note and internet connections before coming to class. Using the internet, instant messaging, chatting with friends

Lockery, Shawn

237

Recall of Childhood Neglect and Physical Abuse as Differential Predictors of Current Psychological Functioning.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Histories of child neglect or child physical abuse were correlated with psychological functioning in 236 male and 276 female undergraduates. Childhood neglect was more predictive of psychological problems and anxious attachment styles than was physical abuse. Results suggest neglect and physical abuse are potentially separate moderators of…

Gauthier, Lisa; And Others

1996-01-01

238

HISTORY OF PSYCHOLOGY Psychology 405, Section 001  

E-print Network

1 HISTORY OF PSYCHOLOGY Psychology 405, Section 001 Department of Psychology Michigan State University Fall, 2012 Class meeting times: Tuesday, Thursday, 12:40-2:00 p.m. Place: 120 Psychology Building Instructor: L.J. Harris Office: 217 Psychology Building Office Hours: Mondays, 3:00 - 5 p.m.; other times

Liu, Taosheng

239

PSYCHOLOGY MAJORS --1 PSYCHOLOGY MAJORS --2  

E-print Network

PSYCHOLOGY MAJORS -- 1 #12;PSYCHOLOGY MAJORS -- 2 Handbook for Undergraduate Psychology Majors......................................................................................................................................2 A. Psychology Program Goals and Purpose B. Declaration of Major C. History of Marquette University D. Facilities E. Graduate Program in Clinical Psychology 2. Department Faculty and Staff

Sanders, Matthew

240

Applications of Individual Growth Curve Modeling for Pediatric Psychology Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective To provide a brief, nontechnical introduction to individual growth curve modeling for the analysis of longitudinal data. Several applications of individual growth curve modeling for pediatric psychology research are discussed. Methods To illustrate these applications, we analyze data from an ongoing pediatric psychology study of the possible impact of spina bifida on child and family development (N = 135).

Christian DeLucia; Steven C. Pitts

2006-01-01

241

Contextualizing the Investigator: The Case of Developmental Psychology  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article examines some of the ways in which sociohistorical contexts influence the formulation of issues in developmental psychology. It is essential to examine social, political, and historical forces when trying to understand the discipline. Two examples are provided, the first having to do with child care and the origins of developmental psychology in the USA, the second having to

James V. Wertsch; James Youniss

1987-01-01

242

How Much Do Students Remember from an Introductory Psychology Course?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Nearly 100 students were given a Pre-Test in psychology on the first day of class without warning in order to assess their knowledge of basic course content derived from the prerequisites of the course (PSYC-100 Introduction to Psychology or PSYC-220 Child Development) and other life experiences. This was intended as a low-stakes testing…

Herman, William E.

2010-01-01

243

Natalie M. Costa, Ph.D. Department of Psychology  

E-print Network

and their relation to cognitive factors, anxiety and depressive symptoms in children and adolescents. Depression completers and non-completers at a child and adolescent community mental health clinic. Community Mental Child & Adolescent Psychology, 37, 564-574. 9. Weems, C. F., Costa, N. M., Watts, S. E., Taylor L. K

Li, X. Rong

244

The Psychological Abuse of Latency Age Children: A Survey.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study identified potential definitions of psychological abuse by having 381 citizens and 452 social workers rate vignettes of adult behaviors. Nine types of adult behaviors were identified by both groups, including confining a child in a small space, severe public humiliation, severe verbal abuse, threatening a child, and not allowing social…

Burnett, Bruce B.

1993-01-01

245

Tough love or hostile domination? Psychological control and relational induction in cultural context.  

PubMed

The authors examined 2 forms of parental psychological control and how they related to child behavior problems in 2 cultural groups. A sample of 165 Hong Kong (HK) Chinese and 96 European American (EA) parents completed measures of parental control strategies, parental rejection, and child behavior problems. The use of hostile psychological control (criticism, interference, invalidation) was more strongly associated with the use of relational induction (guilt induction, shaming, reciprocity, social comparison) among EAs compared with HK parents. Psychological control was related to parental rejection across both groups, but it was only independently associated with child behavior problems for EA families. Relational induction, on the other hand, was not associated with child behavior problems in either group but was more strongly associated with parental rejection among EAs compared with HK parents. The findings suggest that there are distinguishable forms of psychological control that may have distinctive implications for parent-child relations and child behavioral adjustment depending on the cultural context. PMID:23106102

Fung, Joey; Lau, Anna S

2012-12-01

246

Tooth - abnormal shape  

MedlinePLUS

... many different conditions. Specific diseases can affect tooth shape, tooth color, time of appearance, or absence of teeth. ... any medical conditions that may cause abnormal tooth shape? At what age ... spacing)? What other symptoms are also present? Fillings, ...

247

Abnormal Uterine Bleeding  

MedlinePLUS

... as cancer of the uterus, cervix, or vagina • Polycystic ovary syndrome How is abnormal bleeding diagnosed? Your health care ... before the fetus can survive outside the uterus. Polycystic Ovary Syndrome: A condition characterized by two of the following ...

248

Stanford Psychology  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

A host of online educational initiatives during the past few years have brought lectures from all over the world into the homes into many persons who may not have access to such programs in their own local communities. One such website brings the insights and collected knowledge of various members of Stanford University's renowned psychology department to the Internet-browsing public. The lectures address such topics as the psychology of evil, the role of parents in their children's lives, and the role of personal and collective efficacy. Along with these individual talks presented by various members of the psychology faculty, there are several nice panel sessions on the nature of language and the cultural shaping of emotion. Finally, the site also contains the lively question-and-answer sessions that followed each panel session.

249

The Overburdened Child: Some Long-Term Consequences of Divorce.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses three categories of children overburdened by responsibilities resulting from divorce. Describes economic, social, and psychological stresses affecting parent-child relationships, as well as the potential for psychopathology within the relationship. (JAC)

Wallterstein, Judith S.

1985-01-01

250

My Child Redeems My Broken Dreams: On Parents Transferring Their Unfulfilled Ambitions onto Their Child.  

PubMed

From the early days of psychology, theorists have observed that parents sometimes transfer their own unfulfilled ambitions onto their child. We propose that parents are especially inclined to do so when they see their child as part of themselves, more so than as a separate individual. When parents see their child as part of themselves, their child's achievements may easily come to function as a surrogate for parents' own unfulfilled ambitions. In the present experiment, 73 parents (89% women, M age?=?43 years) were randomly assigned to reflect on either their own or others' unfulfilled ambitions. Results showed that, when faced with their own unfulfilled ambitions, parents who see their child as part of themselves want their child to fulfill their unfulfilled ambitions. This study provides the first experimental evidence to suggest that parents may desire their child to redeem their broken dreams. PMID:23840325

Brummelman, Eddie; Thomaes, Sander; Slagt, Meike; Overbeek, Geertjan; de Castro, Bram Orobio; Bushman, Brad J

2013-01-01

251

The child advocacy team in legal actions.  

PubMed

This paper provides a general description of child advocacy teams, which are formed in difficult child custody or abuse and neglect cases. They are created when a judge asks that a team assist in determining the child's psychological status and developmental needs, assessing parenting capacities, developing a treatment plan, and monitoring the family's progress. The team consists of representatives from the legal, social service, mental health, and educational systems. The author describes the principles and techniques of child advocacy, characteristics of the professional systems involved, and phases of the team's operation, such as the planning conference, the therapeutic-evaluation process, team meetings, report preparation, and courtroom participation. Outcomes of 77 cases handled by a University of Wisconsin child advocacy team over the past 20 years are presented to show that a team is an effective means of integrating professional and volunteer activities for a family during a child protection or divorce action. PMID:9575010

Westman, J C

1998-02-01

252

Mystery in Milwaukee: Early intervention, IQ, and psychology textbooks  

Microsoft Academic Search

Examined textbooks in developmental psychology and abnormal psychology for references to the Milwaukee study of the effects of early intervention on intelligence, conducted by H. Garber and R. Heber (1973). Descriptions of the study began to appear in 1977 and have appeared with increasing frequency since then. The Milwaukee study is a cautionary example of how research data can appear

Robert Sommer; Barbara A. Sommer

1983-01-01

253

School and Community Psychology Division of Theoretical and  

E-print Network

and evaluation, normal and abnormal development, individual and group counseling, academic and behavioralSchool and Community Psychology Division of Theoretical and Behavioral Foundations College of Education Detroit, MI 48202 Phone: (313) 577-1614 Fax: (313) 577-5235 SCHOOL AND COMMUNITY PSYCHOLOGY

Berdichevsky, Victor

254

[Psychological debriefing].  

PubMed

Diagnostic criteria for stress reactions and adjustment disorders are summarized. Existing psychological treatments are outlined with a focus on evidence-based methods, and recommendations for treatment are described. The conclusion is that there is no evidence for the effect of psychological debriefing or other professional treatment in the immediate aftermath of traumatic events. On the other hand, cognitive behavioural therapy, EMDR and similar methods with focus on exposure can be recommended, both as a preventive strategy and for patients with post-traumatic stress disorder. PMID:19284905

Arendt, Mikkel; Rosenberg, Raben

2009-02-16

255

Child Development  

MedlinePLUS

As children grow older, they develop in several different ways. Child development includes physical, intellectual, social, and emotional changes. Children grow and mature at very different rates. It's ...

256

Research Review Psychology 2011  

E-print Network

Research Review Psychology 2011 QANU July 2012 #12;QANU / Psychology research assessment 20122;QANU / Psychology Research assessment 2012 3 CONTENTS 1. The Review Committee and review procedures...............................................166 Appendix D: Additional information regarding the Leiden Institute of Psychology ..............169

van Rooij, Robert

257

Child Maltreatment and Adolescent Mental Health Problems in a Large Birth Cohort  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: To examine whether notified child maltreatment is associated with adverse psychological outcomes in adolescence, and whether differing patterns of psychological outcome are seen depending on the type of maltreatment. Methods: The participants were 7,223 mother and child pairs enrolled in a population-based birth cohort study in…

Mills, Ryan; Scott, James; Alati, Rosa; O'Callaghan, Michael; Najman, Jake M.; Strathearn, Lane

2013-01-01

258

Burns and Their Psychological Effects on Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The psychological aspects of a child's reaction to major burn injuries include acute emotional reactions resulting from upsetting reactions of family members and unfamiliar hospital surroundings. Emotional and social adjustment problems of severely scarred children are viewed, and suggestions are made as to what health professionals might do to…

Luther, Stephen L.; Price, James H.

1981-01-01

259

An Initial Evaluation of the Design of Pediatric Psychology Consultation Service with Children with Diabetes  

Microsoft Academic Search

The objective of this study was to review the process of psychology consultation with an outpatient pediatric diabetes service, and provide data regarding assessment and outcome. The purpose was to demonstrate that the inclusion of psychology in the care of the child would enhance the effectiveness of treatment delivery. Over a one-year period, 91 psychological consultations were reviewed for information

Kenneth Gelfand; Gary Geffken; Adam Lewin; Amanda Heidgerken; Mary Jean Grove; Toree Malasanos; Janet Silverstein

2004-01-01

260

Psychological predictors of adjustment by siblings of developmentally disabled children.  

PubMed

Psychological predictors of self-concept, behavior problems, and social competence of siblings of developmentally disabled children were identified and compared with those in matched siblings of nondisabled children. Subjects were 110 children (ages 8 to 15 years), 55 with a developmentally disabled younger sibling and 55 with a nondisabled sibling of the same age range as the disabled child (under 7 years). The subjects completed the child psychological measures that were analyzed in the context of family measures completed by the parents. Results show that distinct psychological predictors exist for children with developmentally disabled siblings, with parental stress and some dimensions of the family social environment being most significant. PMID:2478173

Dyson, L; Edgar, E; Crnic, K

1989-11-01

261

Black Psychology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The contents of the present volume, designed to bring together in a single place writings by the new black psychologists and other black social and behavioral scientists, are organized in seven parts, as follows: Part I, "Black Psychology: Perspectives," includes articles by Cedric Clark, Wade W. Nobles, Doris P. Mosby, Joseph White, and William…

Jones, Reginald L., Ed.

262

Psychology Experiments.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A goal of the PsychExperiments project was to reduce the financial burden on psychology departments for hardware/software used in their laboratories. In its third year, the PsychExperiments site now hosts 39 experiments. Over 200 classrooms worldwide have signed up as official site users and there have been nearly 10,000 data sessions conducted.…

McGraw, Ken; Tew, Mark D.; Williams, John E.

2001-01-01

263

Space psychology  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Psychological selection of astronauts considers mental responses and adaptation to the following space flight stress factors: (1) confinement in a small space; (2) changes in three dimensional orientation; (3) effects of altered gravity and weightlessness; (4) decrease in afferent nerve pulses; (5) a sensation of novelty and danger; and (6) a sense of separation from earth.

Parin, V. V.; Gorbov, F. D.; Kosmolinskiy, F. P.

1974-01-01

264

A New Mother-Child Play Activity Program to Decrease Parenting Stress and Improve Child Cognitive Abilities: A Cluster Randomized Controlled Trial  

Microsoft Academic Search

BackgroundWe propose a new play activity intervention program for mothers and children. Our interdisciplinary program integrates four fields of child-related sciences: neuroscience, preschool pedagogy, developmental psychology, and child and maternal psychiatry. To determine the effect of this intervention on child and mother psychosocial problems related to parenting stress and on the children's cognitive abilities, we performed a cluster randomized controlled

Yoshiyuki Tachibana; Ai Fukushima; Hitomi Saito; Satoshi Yoneyama; Kazuo Ushida; Susumu Yoneyama; Ryuta Kawashima

2012-01-01

265

A Coaching Psychology Perspective  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In "Psychology in its place" (2008), John Radford considers "what is or should be the "place" of Psychology in education, more particularly Higher Education". In this article, the author looks at the possible inclusion of coaching psychology within undergraduate psychology programmes. Coaching psychology as an applied area of psychology

Palmer, Stephen

2008-01-01

266

Psychological assessment for adults and children  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Psychological factors play a significant role in many nutritional abnormalities. These factors include mood (e.g., depression, anger, and anxiety), emotional eating, distorted body image, low self-esteem, poor self-efficacy and quality of life, dietary restraint, stress, susceptibility to external c...

267

Grant Title: SUPPORTING ADVANCED-LEVEL DOCTORAL STUDENTS CONDUCTING DISSERTATION RESEARCH IN CHILD ABUSE AND NEGLECT PREVENTION AMONG INFANTS AND YOUNG CHILDREN  

E-print Network

in relevant disciplines (e.g., social work, psychology, public health, early childhood/child development: Advanced-standing doctoral students in relevant disciplines (e.g., social work, psychology, public health, teen parents, etc.) in child abuse prevention programs. Detail Information: http://www.cssp.org/publications/child-welfare

Farritor, Shane

268

Child's Play.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the inclusion of child day centers on college campuses and what it takes to provide safe, successful, and fun places that support students, faculty, and staff needs. Areas addressed include safety and security, class and room size, inclusion of child-size toilets, and interior color schemes. (GR)

Milshtein, Amy

2000-01-01

269

Disobedient Child  

MedlinePLUS

... Screen Can Improve Children’s Behavior Collective Violence and Poverty on the Mexican-U.S. Border Affects Child Mental Health Study Finds Over 4,500 U.S. Children Hospitalized From Child Abuse in One Year, and 300 of Them Died ...

270

Semen abnormalities with SSRI antidepressants.  

PubMed

Despite decades of widespread use, the adverse effect profile of "selective" serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) antidepressants has still not been fully elucidated. Studies in male animals have shown delayed sexual development and reduced fertility. Three prospective cohort studies conducted in over one hundred patients exposed to an SSRI for periods ranging from 5 weeks to 24 months found altered semen param-eters after as little as 3 months of exposure: reduced sperm concentration, reduced sperm motility, a higher percentage of abnormal spermatozoa, and increased levels of sperm DNA fragmentation. One clinical trial showed growth retardation in children considered depressed who were exposed to SSRls. SSRls may have endocrine disrupting properties. Dapoxetine is a short-acting serotonin reuptake inhibitor that is chemically related to fluoxetine and marketed in the European Union for men complaining of premature ejaculation. But the corresponding European summary of product characteristics does not mention any effects on fertility. In practice, based on the data available as of mid-2014, the effects of SSRI exposure on male fertility are unclear. However, it is a risk that should be taken into account and pointed out to male patients who would like to father a child or who are experiencing fertility problems. PMID:25729824

2015-01-01

271

Child-Abusive Parents: An Empirical Review and Analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Studies comparing child-abusive and nonabusive parents on psychological and behavioral dimensions are reviewed to determine relevant distinctions between these populations. Whereas few studies found significant differences between abusers and nonabusers on traditional psychological dimensions, abusers are more likely to report stress-related symptoms, such as depression and health problems, that are linked to the parenting role. Comparative studies of family interactions

David A. Wolfe

1985-01-01

272

PSYCHOLOGY 319 APPLIED DEVELOPMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY  

E-print Network

research articles on either of the following topics: a) cyberbullying b) gender and child-care quality Both can download these articles from the UBC Library website. cyberbullying Fanti, K. A., Demetriou, A. G., & Hawa, V. V. (2012). A longitudinal study of cyberbullying: Examining risk and protective factors

Handy, Todd C.

273

Child-to-Parent Violence: Emotional and Behavioral Predictors  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Child-to-parent violence (CPV) includes acts committed by a child to intentionally cause physical, psychological, or financial pain to a parent. Available data indicate increasing rates of CPV in Spain, which have been attributed to a tendency toward more permissive parenting styles and changes in the power cycles within the families. The primary…

Calvete, Esther; Orue, Izaskun; Gamez-Guadix, Manuel

2013-01-01

274

Barriers to Successful Treatment Completion in Child Sexual Abuse Survivors  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Child sexual abuse (CSA) often requires psychological treatment to address the symptoms of victim trauma. Barriers to entry and completion of counseling services can compromise long-term well-being. An integrated medical and mental health evaluation and treatment model of a child advocacy center (CAC) has the potential to reduce barriers to mental…

McPherson, Paul; Scribano, Philip; Stevens, Jack

2012-01-01

275

Give Sorrow Words: Working with a Dying Child. Second Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Efforts to alleviate the emotional pain of terminally ill children and their parents have led many physicians to turn to child psychiatrists for psychological support and treatment services. This book, written by a child psychotherapist, offers an overview of children's attitudes to death and considers the moral and ethical issues raised by…

Judd, Dorothy

276

Jury Selection in Child Sex Abuse Trials: A Case Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Child sex abuse cases have been the target of considerable psycho-legal research. The present paper offers an analysis of psychological constructs for jury selection in child sex abuse cases from the defense perspective. The authors specifically delineate general and case-specific jury selection variables. General variables include…

Cramer, Robert J.; Adams, Desiree D.; Brodsky, Stanley L.

2009-01-01

277

Bullying in Schools: A Form of Child Abuse in Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Child abuse is largely recognized as a significant issue within the school system and the larger society. In the schools, incidents of child abuse can take any of physical, sexual and psychological forms. This paper would restrict itself to bullying, by more specifically providing a clearer understanding of the concept of bullying, its prevalence,…

Aluedse, Oyaziwo

2006-01-01

278

Inclusion of Children with Disabilities in Mainstream Child Development Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated whether children with disabilities are excluded from mainstream child development research. Fifteen per cent of 533 articles from "Child Development" and "Developmental Psychology" (1996-2010) were randomly selected. The exclusion rate was 89.9% when no mention of participants with disabilities was…

Feldman, Maurice A.; Battin, Susan M.; Shaw, Olivia A.; Luckasson, Ruth

2013-01-01

279

Child Care and Child Nutrition  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The weak economy is challenging the child care program budget. Fluctuations in enrollment come up against rising costs making every penny count. So for many reasons a federal program that helps defray the costs of snacks and meals in child care programs is particularly important and timely. In this article, the author pushes for the…

Karolak, Eric

2009-01-01

280

College of Psychology College of Psychology  

E-print Network

College of Psychology College of Psychology Life Sciences Building 3105 S. Dearborn St. Chicago, IL 60616 312.567.3500 psychology@iit.edu www.iit.edu/colleges/psych Dean: M. Ellen Mitchell Associate Dean: Scott B. Morris Division Head, Clinical Psychology: Michael Young Division Head, Industrial

Heller, Barbara

281

PSY 350 Spring 2011 Page 1 of 5 ABNORMAL PSYCHOLOGY  

E-print Network

techniques, diagnostic criteria and the treatment of mental disorders. This course is designed to familiarize. The course will include: 1. The history and definition of mental illness 2. Assessment and classification, including the primary symptoms, etiological theories, and treatment approaches associated with each disorder

Gallo, Linda C.

282

[Chotzen-Saethre syndrome with oligophrenia and psychological abnormal development].  

PubMed

A weak minded man aged 31 years exhibited with moderate acrobrachycephalia, basal cutaneous syndactylies of the 2nd and 3rd fingers, marking symptoms of the Saethre-Chotzen syndrome (SCS), with dominant inheritance in three generations. Additionally there were symptoms of Ascher's syndrome, blepharochalasis, goitre and broad lower lip. The psychic maldevelopment is considered in association with a syndrome of the frontal lobe. Severe craniostenosis is rare at SCS; cosmetic handicap and obstruction of the nasal airway can be corrected by craniofacial surgeon. PMID:2402544

Fehlow, P; Walther, F

1990-06-01

283

Abnormal Cats' Paws  

Microsoft Academic Search

ABNORMITIES in cats' paws occur rather frequently in Massachusetts. They are called mitten cats, and are much in demand because they are considered to be good mousers. The first I ever saw was a male yellow tiger, whose four paws had two extra toes strongly developed. A little stray female kitten which was brought up at my house had two

H. A. Hagen

1887-01-01

284

Abnormal Morphology Within Individuals  

Microsoft Academic Search

Semen from 15 healthy volunteers was assessed for basic semen measures every 2 weeks over a 6-month period to determine the relative stability of these factors. The parameters were: sperm count, semen volume, sperm motility, and normal morphology, along with the type of abnormal morphologic forms. Basic semen measures were generally more stable than the morphologic forms. Using three samples,

MARILYN L. POLAND; KAMRAN S. MOGHISSI; PAUL T. GIBLIN; JOEL W. AGER; JANE M. OLSON

285

The Economics and Psychology of Inequality and Human Development*  

PubMed Central

Recent research on the economics of human development deepens understanding of the origins of inequality and excellence. It draws on and contributes to personality psychology and the psychology of human development. Inequalities in family environments and investments in children are substantial. They causally affect the development of capabilities. Both cognitive and noncognitive capabilities determine success in life but to varying degrees for different outcomes. An empirically determined technology of capability formation reveals that capabilities are self-productive and cross-fertilizing and can be enhanced by investment. Investments in capabilities are relatively more productive at some stages of a child’s life cycle than others. Optimal child investment strategies differ depending on target outcomes of interest and on the nature of adversity in a child’s early years. For some configurations of early disadvantage and for some desired outcomes, it is efficient to invest relatively more in the later years of childhood than in the early years. PMID:20209045

Cunha, Flavio; Heckman, James J.

2009-01-01

286

Adolescent Survivors of Childhood Sexual Abuse: The Mediating Role of Attachment Style and Coping in Psychological and Interpersonal Functioning.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study of 80 adolescent females found that attachment style mediates the effects of child sexual abuse (CSA) and child abuse and neglect on coping and psychological distress. The indirect effects of CSA and other abuse through attachment accounted for most of the effects on coping and psychological distress. (Author/CR)

Shapiro, Deborah L.; Levendosky, Alytia A.

1999-01-01

287

The Inclusion of Fathers in the Empirical Investigation of Child Psychopathology: An Update  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This investigation provides an update on the inclusion of fathers in child psychopathology research. Articles published from January 1992 to January 2005 that examined parental contributions to child psychological maladjustment were identified. Each article was coded for child age, parental race, how parent gender was analyzed, type of journal,…

Cassano, Michael; Adrian, Molly; Veits, Gina; Zeman, Janice

2006-01-01

288

Standardised Observation Analogue Procedure (SOAP) for Assessing Parent and Child Behaviours in Clinical Trials  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Observational measures of parent and child behaviours have a long history in child psychiatric and psychological intervention research, including the field of autism and developmental disability. We describe the development of the Standardised Observational Analogue Procedure (SOAP) for the assessment of parent-child behaviour before…

Johnson, Cynthia R.; Butter, Eric M.; Handen, Benjamin L.; Sukhodolsky, Denis G.; Mulick, James; Lecavalier, Luc; Aman, Michael G.; Arnold, Eugene L.; Scahill, Lawrence; Swiezy, Naomi; Sacco, Kelley; Stigler, Kimberly A.; McDougle, Christopher J.

2009-01-01

289

Demographic and Personality Characteristics of Internet Child Pornography Downloaders in Comparison to Other Offenders  

Microsoft Academic Search

This research study was conducted to map out the demographic and psychological aspects of Internet child pornography offenders. The backgrounds, characteristics, and MMPI profiles of 22 Internet child pornography offenders were statistically compared to those of 112 perpetrators of other offenses. In comparison to the other sexual offenders, the Internet child pornography offenders turned out to be significantly younger on

Lotte Reijnen; Erik Bulten; Henk Nijman

2009-01-01

290

Child Rearing and Neuroticization of Parenting: The Case of The Netherlands.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the history and outcomes of psychoanalysis and child rearing practices in the 1950s Netherlands to present. Depicts the 20th century as a century of child rearing experts with parents blamed for all that was wrong with their child. States the dynamics of psychology has undermined society's self-supporting and self-healing capacity. (KDR)

Groenendijk, Leendert F.; Bakker, Nelleke

2002-01-01

291

Mothers' Response to Psychological Birth Trauma: A Qualitative Study  

PubMed Central

Background Psychologically traumatic events can affect anybody, but consequences of psychological birth trauma for the mother are very profound, extensive and unforgettable. Furthermore, the mother’s response not only touches the mother, but also affects the child, the father and the society. The objective of this study was to explore the mothers’ response to psychological birth trauma. Objectives Psychological birth trauma is a complex matter as the length of a women`s life and mother`s responds can be present through different psychological and physical ways. In this regard, the mothers suffer from its consequences, but they do not know what is going on? Mothers are getting worse every day by “the silent effects of the psychological phenomena”. Materials & Methods This qualitative study was conducted on 23 mothers with psychological birth trauma experience, who were recruited from health centers of the capital and one of the metropolises of Iran. Their interviews were transcribed verbatim and analyzed by the content analysis method. Results Three themes were extracted from the data: impact on health, changes in mother`s roles, and changes decision making ability. Several categories and sub-categories also emerged from the data (physical and psychological problems, bonding with the child, relationship with husband, social role, cesarean request and psychological inability to have another child). Conclusions By considering the mothers` responses to traumatic labor, which endangers the health of the child as well as that of the mother and impairs their familial and social relationships, midwives should notice the consequences of psychological birth trauma in order to plan supportive and timely interventions. PMID:24693361

Taghizadeh, Ziba; Irajpour, Alireza; Arbabi, Mohammad

2013-01-01

292

Parental Attitudes Toward Child Mental Health Services: The Influence of Ethnicity and Child Characteristics on Help-Seeking Intentions  

E-print Network

PARENTAL ATTITUDES TOWARD CHILD MENTAL HEALTH SERVICES: THE INFLUENCE OF ETHNICITY AND CHILD CHARACTERISTICS ON HELP-SEEKING INTENTIONS A Dissertation by ERLANGER A. TURNER Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies... of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY December 2009 Major Subject: Psychology PARENTAL ATTITUDES TOWARD CHILD MENTAL HEALTH SERVICES: THE INFLUENCE...

Turner, Erlanger A.

2011-02-22

293

Child Pornography  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Health professionals attending the 1993 UNESCO Conference in Brussels, Belgium, have asserted that child prostitution and\\u000a child pornography are highly organized industries that operate on a national and international scale. At the conference, officials\\u000a from Asia, Europe, and North and South America reported on what they saw as a dramatic increase over the last 10 years in\\u000a the number of

Daniel Linz; Dorothy Imrich

294

Psychological Assessment Versus Psychological Testing: Validation From Binet to the School, Clinic, and Courtroom  

Microsoft Academic Search

Increasingly, psychological assessment is conducted with clients and patients involved in child custody and personal injury litigation. Clinical neuropsychologists are being asked sophisticated questions by attorneys regarding the validity of practitioners’ most highly respected tests. Research reviewed here bears on the validity of test-buttressed clinical opinions, including research related to the following psychometric properties of individual test scores: standard errors

Joseph D. Matarazzo

1990-01-01

295

Neuroendocrine abnormalities in fibromyalgia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Fibromyalgia is a disorder of unknown etiology characterized by chronic, widespread musculoskeletal pain and symptoms such\\u000a as fatigue, poor sleep, gastrointestinal complaints, and psychologic problems that are similar to those experienced by patients\\u000a with hormone deficiencies. This review summarizes the available data on the neuroendocrine function in fibromyalgia, including\\u000a data on hormone secretion, circadian phase, and autonomic nervous system function.

Gail K. Adler; Valdis F. Manfredsdottir; Katharine W. Creskoff

2002-01-01

296

Parent-Child Relations Throughout Life.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using an interdisciplinary perspective that combines research in psychology, sociology, and anthropology, this book examines the composition and role of the family with respect to young children, adolescents, and adult children of elderly parents. Following a preface discussing the major themes of the book--parent-child attachment, transitions and…

Pillemer, Karl, Ed.; McCartney, Kathleen, Ed.

297

Child Development: An Active Learning Approach  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Within each chapter of this innovative topical text, the authors engage students by demonstrating the wide range of real-world applications of psychological research connected to child development. In particular, the distinctive Active Learning features incorporated throughout the book foster a dynamic and personal learning process for students.…

Levine, Laura E.; Munsch, Joyce

2010-01-01

298

Waldorf Schools: A Child-Centered System.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents an overview of the philosophy, psychology of learning, teaching methods, and curriculum of the Waldorf Schools. Most Waldorf teachers are influenced by the esoteric form of critical idealism propounded by Rudolf Steiner. The child is considered by Steiner to be a spiritual being who has reincarnated on to earth in a physical…

Ogletree, Earl J.

299

Principles of Child Development and Juvenile Justice  

Microsoft Academic Search

udges, prosecutors, and public defenders in juvenile delinquency court routinely encounter offenders of both sexes who are psychologically very different from their adult counterparts. Thus, an understanding of the principles of child and adolescent development and a consideration of chil- dren's mental health are useful to decision-makers at all levels of the juvenile justice system. Indeed, knowledge of the basic

DAVID E. ARREDONDO

300

Maternal Work Conditions and Child Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

How do maternal work conditions, such as psychological stress and physical hazards, affect children's development? Combining data from the Child Development Supplement of the Panel Study of Income Dynamics and the Occupational Information Network allows us to shed some light on this question. We employ various techniques including OLS with…

Felfe, Christina; Hsin, Amy

2012-01-01

301

Parent-child aggression: association with child abuse potential and parenting styles.  

PubMed

The present investigation predicted that greater use of corporal punishment as well as physical maltreatment would be associated with child abuse potential and selected parenting styles. Three independent studies were examined, two with community samples and a third with a clinical at-risk sample of parents. Parents across all studies anonymously completed the Child Abuse Potential Inventory, the Parent-Child Conflict Tactics Scale to assess physical discipline and maltreatment, as well as the Parenting Scale to measure dysfunctional parenting styles. Findings support that overall parent-child aggression, as well as physical maltreatment behaviors specifically, were associated with child abuse potential. Parent-child aggression was also related to dysfunctional parenting styles, particularly an overreactive, authoritarian parenting style. Permissive parenting was also identified as potentially associated with physical maltreatment, although the findings regarding such lax parenting styles are less clear. Intriguing findings emerged regarding the connection of psychological aggression to both child abuse potential and dysfunctional parenting style. Child abuse potential was also associated with dysfunctional parenting style, particularly harsh, overreactive approaches. Recommendations for future study with at-risk samples and additional research on permissive parenting and psychological aggression are discussed. PMID:21287963

Rodriguez, Christina M

2010-01-01

302

Abnormal pressures as hydrodynamic phenomena  

USGS Publications Warehouse

So-called abnormal pressures, subsurface fluid pressures significantly higher or lower than hydrostatic, have excited speculation about their origin since subsurface exploration first encountered them. Two distinct conceptual models for abnormal pressures have gained currency among earth scientists. The static model sees abnormal pressures generally as relict features preserved by a virtual absence of fluid flow over geologic time. The hydrodynamic model instead envisions abnormal pressures as phenomena in which flow usually plays an important role. This paper develops the theoretical framework for abnormal pressures as hydrodynamic phenomena, shows that it explains the manifold occurrences of abnormal pressures, and examines the implications of this approach. -from Author

Neuzil, C.E.

1995-01-01

303

[Congenital foot abnormalities].  

PubMed

The foot may be the site of birth defects. These abnormalities are sometimes suspected prenatally. Final diagnosis depends on clinical examination at birth. These deformations can be simple malpositions: metatarsus adductus, talipes calcaneovalgus and pes supinatus. The prognosis is excellent spontaneously or with a simple orthopedic treatment. Surgery remains outstanding. The use of a pediatric orthopedist will be considered if malposition does not relax after several weeks. Malformations (clubfoot, vertical talus and skew foot) require specialized care early. Clubfoot is characterized by an equine and varus hindfoot, an adducted and supine forefoot, not reducible. Vertical talus combines equine hindfoot and dorsiflexion of the forefoot, which is performed in the midfoot instead of the ankle. Skew foot is suspected when a metatarsus adductus is resistant to conservative treatment. Early treatment is primarily orthopedic at birth. Surgical treatment begins to be considered after walking age. Keep in mind that an abnormality of the foot may be associated with other conditions: malposition with congenital hip, malformations with syndromes, neurological and genetic abnormalities. PMID:25524290

Delpont, M; Lafosse, T; Bachy, M; Mary, P; Alves, A; Vialle, R

2015-03-01

304

Child & Family Psychology Thesis Guide -2013 Preparing to do a Child and Family Psychology Thesis  

E-print Network

: A Guide to choosing a research methods course, thesis topic and supervisor A research thesis year research methods course. Most research methods courses encourage students to make progress towards to the Programme Coordinator. Do remember that this decision must be made by February. Choosing a research methods

Hickman, Mark

305

SCHOOL PSYCHOLOGY SPECIALIZATION  

E-print Network

HANDBOOK SCHOOL PSYCHOLOGY SPECIALIZATION (APA-Accredited and NASP-Approved) IN EDUCATIONAL PSYCHOLOGY DOCTORAL PROGRAM University of Wisconsin -Milwaukee For students, faculty, and supervisors 2013 to provide information specific to the School Psychology specialization. This specialization is fully

Saldin, Dilano

306

Abnormal human sex chromosome constitutions  

SciTech Connect

Chapter 22, discusses abnormal human sex chromosome constitution. Aneuploidy of X chromosomes with a female phenotype, sex chromosome aneuploidy with a male phenotype, and various abnormalities in X chromosome behavior are described. 31 refs., 2 figs.

NONE

1993-12-31

307

Psychology 460 1 Psychology 460 Behavioural Neuroendocrinology  

E-print Network

Psychology 460 1 Psychology 460 ­ Behavioural Neuroendocrinology When: Tuesdays/ Thursdays 11 to the field of behavioral neuroendocrinology, which is the study of how hormones affect behaviour and brain

Handy, Todd C.

308

Child Care Aware  

MedlinePLUS

... learn about high-quality child care. Welcome to Child Care Aware® E-Mail Print Share Tweet Military Child ... 2246 Call TTY#: 1-866-278-9428 Free Child Care Search Please enter your zip code. Your local ...

309

Polycultural psychology.  

PubMed

We review limitations of the traditional paradigm for cultural research and propose an alternative framework, polyculturalism. Polyculturalism assumes that individuals' relationships to cultures are not categorical but rather are partial and plural; it also assumes that cultural traditions are not independent, sui generis lineages but rather are interacting systems. Individuals take influences from multiple cultures and thereby become conduits through which cultures can affect each other. Past literatures on the influence of multiple cultural identities and cultural knowledge legacies can be better understood within a polyculturalist rubric. Likewise, the concept elucidates how cultures are changed by contact with other cultures, enabling richer psychological theories of intercultural influence. Different scientific paradigms about culture imply different ideologies and policies; polyculturalism's implied policy of interculturalism provides a valuable complement to the traditional policy frames of multiculturalism and colorblindness. PMID:25251481

Morris, Michael W; Chiu, Chi-yue; Liu, Zhi

2015-01-01

310

Sport Psychology in the Profession of Psychology  

Microsoft Academic Search

Historically, sport psychology has been identified with physical education; however, recent developments in the field toward applied issues have substantially expanded psychologists' interests and opportunities. Unfortunately, little is known about professional psychologists' involvement in sport psychology practice, research, and training. Therefore, a national survey of 500 male and 500 female psychologists (American Psychological Association Division 12members) was conducted. Based on

Trent A. Petrie; Nancy S. Diehl

1995-01-01

311

Psychology in counseling psychology: Whither or wither?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Surveyed psychology course offerings of 44 counseling graduate programs as well as the preferences of students and faculty (program directors) for a wide range of psychology course work. Mailed questionnaires were returned by directors of 23 programs and by 33 students in the programs. Responses for actual and preferred courses in American Psychological Association approved and nonapproved programs were similar.

Bruce R. Fretz

1975-01-01

312

Department of Psychology Institute for Educational Psychology  

E-print Network

Department of Psychology Institute for Educational Psychology Armin Weinberger, Markus Reiserer: Ludwig-Maximilians-University, Institute for Empirical Pedagogy and Pedagogical Psychology. Research report No. 158, February 2003 To appear in: Bromme, R. Hesse, F., & Spada, H. (2003). Barriers and biases

Boyer, Edmond

313

Psychology Ethics in Introductory Psychology Textbooks  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Previous research revealed that introductory psychology textbooks included limited information about psychology ethics. This study reviewed 48 current introductory psychology textbooks for research and other APA ethics content. These textbooks included slightly more total ethics content and were more thorough in their review of research ethics…

Zucchero, Renee' A.

2011-01-01

314

Neurodevelopmental Abnormalities in ADHD  

PubMed Central

Structural and functional imaging studies in subjects with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) are reviewed with the goal of gleaning information about neurodevelopmental abnormalities characterizing the disorder. Structural imaging studies, particularly those with longitudinal designs, suggest that brain maturation is delayed by a few years in ADHD. However, a maturational delay model alone is incomplete: alternate courses are suggested by differences associated with phenotypic factors, such as symptom remission/persistence and exposure to stimulant treatment. Findings from functional imaging studies point to multiple loci of abnormalities that are not limited to frontal–striatal circuitry, which is important for executive and motivational function, but also include parietal, temporal and motor cortices, and the cerebellum. However, a definitive conclusion about maturational delays or alternate trajectories cannot be drawn from this work as activation patterns are influenced by task-specific factors that may induce variable performance levels and strategies across development. In addition, no studies have implemented cross-sectional or longitudinal designs, without which the developmental origin of differences in activation cannot be inferred. Thus, current task-evoked functional imaging provides information about dynamic or state-dependent differences rather than fixed or trait-related differences. In the future, task-free functional imaging holds promise for revealing neurodevelopmental information that is minimally influenced by performance/strategic differences. Further, studies using longitudinal designs that identify sources of phenotypic heterogeneity in brain maturation and characterize the relationship between brain function and underlying structural properties are needed to provide a comprehensive view of neurodevelopmental abnormalities in ADHD. PMID:21541845

Vaidya, Chandan J.

2012-01-01

315

Child abuse.  

PubMed

Child abuse is common in most, if not all, Western nations; it probably occurs worldwide. It may be a major factor in the increase in violence throughout much of the world. Radiologists who treat children should think of the possibility of abuse whenever they diagnose a fracture, intracranial bleed, or visceral injury, especially when the history is not compatible with their findings. Metaphyseal "corner" fractures in infants usually are caused by abuse. Less than 20% of abused children, however, present injuries that can be recognized by radiologic techniques. Consequently normal roentgenograms, nuclear medicine scans, ultrasound studies, and computed tomograms do not exclude child abuse. PMID:6182578

Dorst, J P

1982-08-01

316

Causal inference and developmental psychology.  

PubMed

Causal inference is of central importance to developmental psychology. Many key questions in the field revolve around improving the lives of children and their families. These include identifying risk factors that if manipulated in some way would foster child development. Such a task inherently involves causal inference: One wants to know whether the risk factor actually causes outcomes. Random assignment is not possible in many instances, and for that reason, psychologists must rely on observational studies. Such studies identify associations, and causal interpretation of such associations requires additional assumptions. Research in developmental psychology generally has relied on various forms of linear regression, but this methodology has limitations for causal inference. Fortunately, methodological developments in various fields are providing new tools for causal inference-tools that rely on more plausible assumptions. This article describes the limitations of regression for causal inference and describes how new tools might offer better causal inference. This discussion highlights the importance of properly identifying covariates to include (and exclude) from the analysis. This discussion considers the directed acyclic graph for use in accomplishing this task. With the proper covariates having been chosen, many of the available methods rely on the assumption of "ignorability." The article discusses the meaning of ignorability and considers alternatives to this assumption, such as instrumental variables estimation. Finally, the article considers the use of the tools discussed in the context of a specific research question, the effect of family structure on child development. PMID:20677855

Foster, E Michael

2010-11-01

317

Spirometric abnormalities among welders  

SciTech Connect

A group of manual welders age group 13-60 years having a mean exposure period of 12.4 {plus minus} 1.12 years were subjected to spirometry to evaluate the prevalence of spirometric abnormalities. The welders showed a significantly higher prevalence of respiratory impairment than that observed among the unexposed controls as a result of exposure to welding gases which comprised fine particles of lead, zinc, chromium, and manganese. This occurred despite the lower concentration of the pollutants at the work place. In the expose group, the smoking welders showed a prevalence of respiratory impairment significantly higher than that observed in the nonsmoking welders. The results of the pulmonary function tests showed a predominantly restrictive type of pulmonary impairment followed by a mixed ventilatory defect among the welders. The effect of age on pulmonary impairment was not discernible. Welders exposed for over 10 years showed a prevalence of respiratory abnormalities significantly higher than those exposed for less than 10 years. Smoking also had a contributory role.

Rastogi, S.K.; Gupta, B.N.; Husain, T.; Mathur, N.; Srivastava, S. (Industrial Toxicology Research Centre, Lucknow (India))

1991-10-01

318

Epilepsy and chromosomal abnormalities  

PubMed Central

Background Many chromosomal abnormalities are associated with Central Nervous System (CNS) malformations and other neurological alterations, among which seizures and epilepsy. Some of these show a peculiar epileptic and EEG pattern. We describe some epileptic syndromes frequently reported in chromosomal disorders. Methods Detailed clinical assessment, electrophysiological studies, survey of the literature. Results In some of these congenital syndromes the clinical presentation and EEG anomalies seems to be quite typical, in others the manifestations appear aspecific and no strictly linked with the chromosomal imbalance. The onset of seizures is often during the neonatal period of the infancy. Conclusions A better characterization of the electro clinical patterns associated with specific chromosomal aberrations could give us a valuable key in the identification of epilepsy susceptibility of some chromosomal loci, using the new advances in molecular cytogenetics techniques - such as fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH), subtelomeric analysis and CGH (comparative genomic hybridization) microarray. However further studies are needed to understand the mechanism of epilepsy associated with chromosomal abnormalities. PMID:20438626

2010-01-01

319

ORIGINAL RESEARCH--PSYCHOLOGY Sexual Function and Satisfaction in Adults Based on the  

E-print Network

of Child Sexual Abuse Alessandra Rellini, MA,* and Cindy Meston, PhD *Department of Psychology, University sexual dysfunction. Rellini A, and Meston C. Sexual function and satisfaction in adults based

Meston, Cindy

320

Women's experiences of coping with pregnancy termination for fetal abnormality.  

PubMed

Pregnancy termination for fetal abnormality (TFA) can have significant psychological consequences. Most previous research has been focused on measuring the psychological outcomes of TFA, and little is known about the coping strategies involved. In this article, we report on women's coping strategies used during and after the procedure. Our account is based on experiences of 27 women who completed an online survey. We analyzed the data using interpretative phenomenological analysis. Coping comprised four structures, consistent across time points: support, acceptance, avoidance, and meaning attribution. Women mostly used adaptive coping strategies but reported inadequacies in aftercare, which challenged their resources. The study's findings indicate the need to provide sensitive, nondirective care rooted in the acknowledgment of the unique nature of TFA. Enabling women to reciprocate for emotional support, promoting adaptive coping strategies, highlighting the potential value of spending time with the baby, and providing long-term support (including during subsequent pregnancies) might promote psychological adjustment to TFA. PMID:23558712

Lafarge, Caroline; Mitchell, Kathryn; Fox, Pauline

2013-07-01

321

THE PSYCHOANALYTIC STUDY OF THE CHILD. PSYCHOANALYTIC STUDY OF THE CHILD SERIES, VOLUME 22.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

TWENTY ARTICLES ARE INCLUDED IN THIS VOLUME, THE 22ND IN THE PSYCHOLOGICAL STUDY OF THE CHILD SERIES. PAPERS ON PSYCHOPATHOLOGY AND THERAPY INTERPRET LOSING AND BEING LOST, OBSTACLES TO PSYCHOANALYTIC CURE, AND AFFECT CONTROL. ASPECTS OF PSYCHOANALYTIC THEORY CONSIDERED ARE FREUD'S CONCEPT OF PRIMAL REPRESSION, CONCEPTS OF STRUCTURE AND…

EISSLER, RUTH S., ED.; AND OTHERS

322

Parent-Child Cultural Orientations and Child Adjustment in Chinese American Immigrant Families  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Direct and indirect/mediated relations of (a) children's and parents' cultural orientations and (b) parent-child gaps in cultural orientations to children's psychological adjustment were examined in a socioeconomically diverse sample of 258 Chinese American children (age = 6-9 years) from immigrant families. Parents reported on…

Chen, Stephen H.; Hua, Michelle; Zhou, Qing; Tao, Annie; Lee, Erica H.; Ly, Jennifer; Main, Alexandra

2014-01-01

323

Mainstreaming Culture in Psychology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Despite the "awakening" to the importance of culture in psychology in America, international psychology has remained on the sidelines of psychological science. The author recounts her personal and professional experience in tandem with the stages of development in international/cross-cultural psychology. Based on her research in cross-cultural…

Cheung, Fanny M.

2012-01-01

324

Introduction to Psychology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Designed for community students interested in learning about psychology as a field of study, this module offers group and individual activities to involve the beginning student in research, experimentation and discussion. Unit 1, "What Is Psychology?," includes the use of animals in psychology, ethics, the history of psychology, an overview of…

Edwards, Lesley

325

The Burden of Disaster: Part I. Challenges and Opportunities Within a Child’s Social Ecology  

PubMed Central

Child development and adaptation are best understood as biological and psychological individual processes occurring within the context of interconnecting groups, systems, and communities which, along with family, constitute the child’s social ecology. This first of two articles describes the challenges and opportunities within a child’s social ecology, consisting of Micro-, Meso-, Exo-, and Macrosystems. The parent-child relationship, the most salient Microsystem influence in children’s lives, plays an influential role in children’s reactions to and recovery from disasters. Children, parents, and other adults participate in Mesosystem activities at schools and faith-based organizations. The Exosystem—including workplaces, spcial agencies, neighborhood, and mass media—directly affects important adults in children’s lives. The Macrosystem affects disaster response and recovery indirectly through intangible cultural, social, economic, and political structures and processes. Children’s responses to adversity occur in the context of these dynamically interconnected and interdependent nested environments, all of which endure the burden of disaster. Increased understanding of the influences of and the relationships between key components contributes to recovery and rebuilding efforts, limiting disruption to the child and his or her social ecology. A companion article (R. L. Pfefferbaum et al., in press) describes interventions across the child’s social ecology. PMID:23156957

Noffsinger, Mary A.; Pfefferbaum, Betty; Pfefferbaum, Rose L.; Sherrieb, Kathleen; Norris, Fran H.

2013-01-01

326

"Idiopathic" mental retardation and new chromosomal abnormalities  

PubMed Central

Mental retardation is a heterogeneous condition, affecting 1-3% of general population. In the last few years, several emerging clinical entities have been described, due to the advent of newest genetic techniques, such as array Comparative Genomic Hybridization. The detection of cryptic microdeletion/microduplication abnormalities has allowed genotype-phenotype correlations, delineating recognizable syndromic conditions that are herein reviewed. With the aim to provide to Paediatricians a combined clinical and genetic approach to the child with cognitive impairment, a practical diagnostic algorithm is also illustrated. The use of microarray platforms has further reduced the percentage of "idiopathic" forms of mental retardation, previously accounted for about half of total cases. We discussed the putative pathways at the basis of remaining "pure idiopathic" forms of mental retardation, highlighting possible environmental and epigenetic mechanisms as causes of altered cognition. PMID:20152051

2010-01-01

327

Community interaction and child maltreatment.  

PubMed

The way in which parents interact with their environment may have implications for their likelihood of abuse and neglect. This study examines the parent-environment relationship through community involvement and perception, using social disorganization theory. We hypothesize mothers who participate in their communities and have positive perceptions of them may be less likely to maltreat their children because of the potential protective capacity of neighborhood supports. Using information from the 5 year Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing Study (n=2991), the mother's self-reported acts of psychological and physical maltreatment and neglect are measured. A mother's community involvement index is the number of community activities a mother was involved in, and community perception is measured by two five-item Likert scales assessing perception of community collective efficacy. We analyze the relationship between community variables and each of mother's maltreatment behaviors as well as the interaction between community factors using a series of nested logistic regressions. Higher levels of community involvement are associated with lower levels of psychological aggression. More positive perception of community social control is associated with lower levels of physical assault. A moderation effect of community perception suggests that a mother's perception of her community changes the relationship between community involvement and psychological child abuse. The results provide important policy and empirical implications to build positive and supportive communities as a protective factor in child maltreatment. Getting parents involved in their communities can improve the environment in which children and families develop, and decrease the likelihood that maltreatment will occur. PMID:23981436

Kim, Bomi; Maguire-Jack, Kathryn

2015-03-01

328

A rare stapes abnormality.  

PubMed

The aim of this study is to increase awareness of rare presentations, diagnostic difficulties alongside management of conductive hearing loss and ossicular abnormalities. We report the case of a 13-year-old female reporting progressive left-sided hearing loss and high resolution computed tomography was initially reported as normal. Exploratory tympanotomy revealed an absent stapedius tendon and lack of connection between the stapes superstructure and footplate. The footplate was fixed. Stapedotomy and stapes prosthesis insertion resulted in closure of the air-bone gap by 50?dB. A review of world literature was performed using MedLine. Middle ear ossicular discontinuity can result in significant conductive hearing loss. This can be managed effectively with surgery to help restore hearing. However, some patients may not be suitable or decline surgical intervention and can be managed safely conservatively. PMID:25628909

Kanona, Hala; Virk, Jagdeep Singh; Kumar, Gaurav; Chawda, Sanjiv; Khalil, Sherif

2015-01-01

329

A Rare Stapes Abnormality  

PubMed Central

The aim of this study is to increase awareness of rare presentations, diagnostic difficulties alongside management of conductive hearing loss and ossicular abnormalities. We report the case of a 13-year-old female reporting progressive left-sided hearing loss and high resolution computed tomography was initially reported as normal. Exploratory tympanotomy revealed an absent stapedius tendon and lack of connection between the stapes superstructure and footplate. The footplate was fixed. Stapedotomy and stapes prosthesis insertion resulted in closure of the air-bone gap by 50?dB. A review of world literature was performed using MedLine. Middle ear ossicular discontinuity can result in significant conductive hearing loss. This can be managed effectively with surgery to help restore hearing. However, some patients may not be suitable or decline surgical intervention and can be managed safely conservatively. PMID:25628909

Kanona, Hala; Virk, Jagdeep Singh; Kumar, Gaurav; Chawda, Sanjiv; Khalil, Sherif

2015-01-01

330

Eye movement abnormalities.  

PubMed

Generation and control of eye movements requires the participation of the cortex, basal ganglia, cerebellum and brainstem. The signals of this complex neural network finally converge on the ocular motoneurons of the brainstem. Infarct or hemorrhage at any level of the oculomotor system (though more frequent in the brain-stem) may give rise to a broad spectrum of eye movement abnormalities (EMAs). Consequently, neurologists and particularly stroke neurologists are routinely confronted with EMAs, some of which may be overlooked in the acute stroke setting and others that, when recognized, may have a high localizing value. The most complex EMAs are due to midbrain stroke. Horizontal gaze disorders, some of them manifesting unusual patterns, may occur in pontine stroke. Distinct varieties of nystagmus occur in cerebellar and medullary stroke. This review summarizes the most representative EMAs from the supratentorial level to the brainstem. PMID:22377853

Moncayo, Jorge; Bogousslavsky, Julien

2012-01-01

331

Child Care Options MSU Child Development Center  

E-print Network

Child Care Options on Campus MSU Child Development Center 105 Herrick Hall / 406-994-5010 The MSU Child Development Center offers a year-round early education program for Bozeman area young children, ages 3 to 5 years. Emphasis is placed on the development of the whole child through playful learning

Dyer, Bill

332

American Psychological Society: Psychological Research on the Net  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Posted by the American Psychological Society (see the May 6, 1994 Scout Report), this Website presents an extensive annotated list of psychological research currently being conducted on the Web. In addition to a new studies section, topics include health psychology, industrial and organizational psychology, personality studies, psychology and religion, sensation and perception, social psychology, neural psychology, clinical psychology, developmental psychology, cognition, emotions, and others. Links are provided to the listed Websites.

333

Intergenerational effects of war trauma among Palestinian families mediated via psychological maltreatment.  

PubMed

We tested the hypothesis that intergenerational effects of parents' war trauma on offspring's attachment and mental health are mediated by psychological maltreatment. Two hundred and forty children and their parents were sampled from a war-prone area, Gaza, Palestine. The parents reported the number and type of traumatic experiences of war they had had during their lifetime before the child's birth and during a current war when the child was 10-12 years old. The children reported their war traumas, experiences of psychological maltreatment, attachment security, and symptoms of posttraumatic stress (PTSS), depression, and aggression. The direct and indirect intergenerational effects of war trauma were tested in structural equation models. The hypotheses were confirmed for father's past war exposure, and disconfirmed for mother's war exposure. The father's past war trauma had a negative association with attachment security and positive association with the child's mental health problems mediated by increased psychological maltreatment. In contrast, the mother's past war trauma had a negative association with the child's depression via decreased psychological maltreatment. The mother's current war trauma had a negative association with the child's depression and aggression via decreased psychological maltreatment. Among fathers, past war exposure should be considered as a risk factor for psychological maltreatment of children and the associated attachment insecurity and mental health problems. Among mothers, war exposure as such could be given less clinical attention than PTSS in the prevention of psychological maltreatment of children. PMID:23768956

Palosaari, Esa; Punamäki, Raija-Leena; Qouta, Samir; Diab, Marwan

2013-11-01

334

Child Trends  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Child Trends is a non-profit, non-partisan research center, and is the "nation's only independent research and policy center focused exclusively on improving outcomes for children." Child Trends has twelve areas of research, listed across the top of any page. Some of the topics include "Child Poverty," "Fatherhood & Parenting," "Youth Development," and "Health." In each section, the research focus on that topic is explained in a brief introduction, followed by resources that include research briefs, executive summaries and full reports, fact sheets, and a publications archive of materials over three years old. A feature that visitors shouldn't miss is "What Works/LINKS," which can be accessed via the left side menu. The data in this section is about "programs that work -or don't- to enhance children's development". There are effectiveness charts, "Lifecourse Interventions that Work," and a continually updated database on programs that work (or don't). Visitors who are "Program Providers" in policy, education, or the media will find the "Information for..." heading on the left side of the homepage useful for fulfilling their specific needs.

335

Sport psychology: psychologic issues and applications.  

PubMed

This article has briefly highlighted the area of sport psychology as it relates to performance psychology skills (mental training), including a historical overview and current topics overview. The use of mental training skills may be of interest to the practicing physical medicine and rehabilitation professional in the treatment of his or her patients. It is important that the physical medicine professional recognize what sport or performance psychology represents within the paradigm of psychologic interventions. Referring to an individual based on his or her training (licensed psychologist versus mental training consultant) is essential for the appropriate management of psychologic issues related to performance. The issues related to the psychologic rehabilitation of the injured athlete are of importance to the medical staff; the overview of affective responses can assist in understanding the normal and adaptive responses of the injured athlete. Finally, a brief description of a psychologist's role within a sports medicine and rehabilitation practice is presented. The psychologic issues that are present in the world of sport and elite performance are numerous, and not all are mentioned in this article. Issues of eating disorders, substance abuse, and psychologic health with athletes should be further explored within the physical medicine and rehabilitation discipline as well as in the sports medicine discipline. The ever-evolving psychologic dynamics of individuals involved in sport and elite performance are intriguing and unique. A specialized knowledge base, training, and experience in providing psychologic services are required to treat this unique population. Counseling and clinical issues of the athlete and elite performer require further attention in the realm of psychologic interventions, including further exploration of the efficacy of interventions for performance enhancement. The field of applied sport psychology may offer the physical medicine professional a unique perspective into the care of patients who are athletes and elite performers. PMID:16952750

Carr, Christopher M

2006-08-01

336

Child Dental Neglect: A Short Review  

PubMed Central

Context: Child dental neglect is a terrible tragedy with a high prevalence. Dealing with this issue is important regarding psychological and physical health policies. The current review was conducted to provide health professionals insight into the different aspects of child dental neglect as reported in previous literature. Evidence Acquisition: Our review was prepared through an electronic search using Pub Med, Science Direct, Medline, Google, Cochran Library, Google Scholar and EMBASE databases. Relevant papers published since 2000 until now in English, discussing child dental neglect were retrieved. Both original and review papers were included. Eligible articles were fully read by the author. A data form was used to record useful findings. Results: Distinguishing the direct and indirect signs of dental neglect is the first step for improvement of this matter. The dental team are the main professionals who can improve parental knowledge about the consequences of child dental neglect. Victims suffer from short and long-term adverse outcomes. Collaborative attempts need to be made by different health professionals to deal with this problem. Conclusions: Child dental neglect has many long-term impacts. The main professionals who are responsible for identification, intervention and treatment of child dental neglect are dental practitioners. However, other professionals cannot ignore this task. Finally, child dental neglect, despite its derivative outcomes, may be a presentation of a broader maltreatment. PMID:25741483

Ramazani, Nahid

2014-01-01

337

Psychological Masculinity and Femininity in Children and Its Relationship to Trait Stereotypes and Toy Preferences.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated the relationship of psychological masculinity and feminity in children to trait stereotyping and toy preferences. Subjects (157 boys and 157 girls in Grades K-4) were tested on a Child Test Battery, including the Child's Personal Attributes Questionnaire based on the adult PAQ (Spence, Helmreich & Stapp, 1974, 1975), the…

Spence, Janet T.; And Others

338

Mother-child emotion communication and childhood anxiety symptoms.  

PubMed

This study examined whether several aspects of emotion communication in mother-child dyads relate to child anxiety symptoms. Mother and child behaviours related to emotion communication were coded based on videotaped mother-child interactions in a sample of 87 ten- to twelve-year olds, and children reported on their anxiety symptoms. Mothers of more anxious children were less supportive in that they engaged more in psychologically controlling behaviours designed to manipulate the child's emotional state, exhibited less warmth and interest in the child, and were less elaborative during conversations about an emotionally negative event. Further, more anxious children showed greater affect intensity and lower congruency of emotions and behaviours, and were less engaged in the conversation. Examining the role of child gender did not change the results significantly. Mother and child emotion communication behaviours each explained significant variance in child anxiety. The results showed that how mothers and children approached emotion-related conversations is important for child anxiety, and highlighted the need to consider mother and child behaviours related to emotion communication in assessment and interventions with anxious children. PMID:24892717

Brumariu, Laura E; Kerns, Kathryn A

2015-04-01

339

Patterns of maternal feeding and child eating associated with eating disorders in the Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort Study (MoBa)  

Microsoft Academic Search

The impact of eating disorders on maternal feeding practices and children's eating behaviors is not well understood. In the prospective Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort Study (MoBa), we compared self-reported feeding behavior in mothers with anorexia nervosa (AN), bulimia nervosa (BN), binge eating disorder (BED), and no eating disorders (No ED) as well as child eating behaviors and psychological symptoms.

Lauren Reba-Harrelson; Ann Von Holle; Robert M. Hamer; Leila Torgersen; Ted Reichborn-Kjennerud; Cynthia M. Bulik

2010-01-01

340

The Impact of Child Problem Behaviors of Children with ASD on Parent Mental Health: The Mediating Role of Acceptance and Empowerment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Raising a child with an autism spectrum disorder (ASD) has often been associated with higher levels of parenting stress and psychological distress, and a number of studies have examined the role of psychological processes as mediators of the impact of child problem behavior on parent mental health. The current study examined the relations among…

Weiss, Jonathan A.; Cappadocia, M. Catherine; MacMullin, Jennifer Anne; Viecili, Michelle; Lunsky, Yona

2012-01-01

341

Stepping Stones Triple P: An RCT of a Parenting Program with Parents of a Child Diagnosed with an Autism Spectrum Disorder  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Whilst the Triple P Positive Parenting Program has a large evidence base (Sanders, "Clinical Child and Family Psychology Review" 2:71-90, 1999; Sanders, "Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology" 68:624-640, 2000) and preliminary evidence indicates that Stepping Stones Triple P is also efficacious (Roberts, "Journal of Clinical Child and…

Whittingham, Koa; Sofronoff, Kate; Sheffield, Jeanie; Sanders, Matthew R.

2009-01-01

342

abnormalities in infants and toddlers  

E-print Network

Cerebellar abnormalities in infants and toddlers with Williams syndrome Wendy Jones* PhD, The Salk-mail: jones@crl.ucsd.edu One commonly observed neuroanatomical abnormality in adults with Williams syndrome children with Williams syndrome. Clinical brain MRI was examined in nine young children with Williams

Bellugi, Ursula

343

Chromosomal abnormalities and mental illness  

Microsoft Academic Search

Linkage studies of mental illness have provided suggestive evidence of susceptibility loci over many broad chromosomal regions. Pinpointing causative gene mutations by conventional linkage strategies alone is problematic. The breakpoints of chromosomal abnormalities occurring in patients with mental illness may be more direct pointers to the relevant gene locus. Publications that describe patients where chromosomal abnormalities co-exist with mental illness

D J MacIntyre; D H R Blackwood; D J Porteous; B S Pickard; W J Muir

2003-01-01

344

Systemic abnormalities in liver disease  

PubMed Central

Systemic abnormalities often occur in patients with liver disease. In particular, cardiopulmonary or renal diseases accompanied by advanced liver disease can be serious and may determine the quality of life and prognosis of patients. Therefore, both hepatologists and non-hepatologists should pay attention to such abnormalities in the management of patients with liver diseases. PMID:19554648

Minemura, Masami; Tajiri, Kazuto; Shimizu, Yukihiro

2009-01-01

345

Abnormal pressure in hydrocarbon environments  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Abnormal pressures, pressures above or below hydrostatic pressures, occur on all continents in a wide range of geological conditions. According to a survey of published literature on abnormal pressures, compaction disequilibrium and hydrocarbon generation are the two most commonly cited causes of abnormally high pressure in petroleum provinces. In young (Tertiary) deltaic sequences, compaction disequilibrium is the dominant cause of abnormal pressure. In older (pre-Tertiary) lithified rocks, hydrocarbon generation, aquathermal expansion, and tectonics are most often cited as the causes of abnormal pressure. The association of abnormal pressures with hydrocarbon accumulations is statistically significant. Within abnormally pressured reservoirs, empirical evidence indicates that the bulk of economically recoverable oil and gas occurs in reservoirs with pressure gradients less than 0.75 psi/ft (17.4 kPa/m) and there is very little production potential from reservoirs that exceed 0.85 psi/ft (19.6 kPa/m). Abnormally pressured rocks are also commonly associated with unconventional gas accumulations where the pressuring phase is gas of either a thermal or microbial origin. In underpressured, thermally mature rocks, the affected reservoirs have most often experienced a significant cooling history and probably evolved from an originally overpressured system.

Law, B.E.; Spencer, C.W.

1998-01-01

346

Babysitters and Child Care  

MedlinePLUS

... information in Spanish ( en español ) Babysitters and child care Related information Child care provider checklist (PDF, 197 ... proofing Return to top Choosing and using child care Many moms go back to work after having ...

347

Child Sexual Abuse  

MedlinePLUS

... print a PDF version of this document . Child sexual abuse has been reported up to 80,000 ... professional help . The long-term emotional damage of sexual abuse can be devastating to the child. Child ...

348

Psychology 302 Statistical Methods in Psychology  

E-print Network

1 Psychology 302 Statistical Methods in Psychology Fall 2012 TR 4:00-5:20pm Gerlinger 302) 346-4966 Office Hours: TBD Course Overview: Understanding statistics and statistical reasoning classes and hopefully for some of you in the world beyond, will present statistical data. This data

Lockery, Shawn

349

School Psychology Handbook for 2014-15 School Psychology Program  

E-print Network

i School Psychology Handbook for 2014-15 School Psychology Program Department of Psychology 430 Huntington Hall Syracuse, NY 13244-2340 Doctoral Degree (Ph.D.) in School Psychology Accredited by the American Psychological Association (APA)* Approved by the National Association of Psychology Psychologists

Doyle, Robert

350

PSYCHOLOGY 685: Practicum in School Psychology Millersville University  

E-print Network

1 8/12/2011 PSYCHOLOGY 685: Practicum in School Psychology 3 credits Millersville University and Practicum in School Psychology (Psychology 685) are in accordance with two important documents; the NASP Standards for School Psychology Training Programs (2000) and the School Psychology; A Blueprint Training

Hardy, Christopher R.

351

www.mcmaster.ca/psychology What is Psychology, Neuroscience & Behaviour?  

E-print Network

www.mcmaster.ca/psychology What is Psychology, Neuroscience & Behaviour? Psychology, Neuroscience, speech pathology, clinical psychology, and the business world. HERE'S A QUICK LOOK AT THE PROGRAMS AVAILABLE THROUGH THE DEPARTMENT OF PSYCHOLOGY, NEUROSCIENCE & BEHAVIOUR (PNB) · Honours B.Sc. Psychology

Haykin, Simon

352

Psychology Major www.psychology.pitt.edu/undergraduate  

E-print Network

Psychology Major www.psychology.pitt.edu/undergraduate Revised: 01/2014 The undergraduate psychology major introduces students to a breadth of psychological topics, including the biological, social for a variety of career and graduate school paths. Required courses for the Psychology major The psychology

Jiang, Huiqiang

353

Psychological Component of Infertility  

MedlinePLUS

... Organizations Resources: FAQs › FAQs - The Psychological Component of Infertility -- written by the ASRM Mental Health Professional Group ( ... Professional in your area ) Q1. What impact does infertility have on psychological well being? Infertility often creates ...

354

Jury Selection in Child Sex Abuse Trials: A Case Analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Child sex abuse cases have been the target of considerable psycho-legal research. The present paper offers an analysis of psychological constructs for jury selection in child sex abuse cases from the defense perspective. The authors specifically delineate general and case-specific jury selection variables. General variables include authoritarianism, dogmatism, need for cognition, pretrial knowledge, and race\\/socioeconomic status. Case-specific variables include sexual

Robert J. Cramer; Desiree D. Adams; Stanley L. Brodsky

2009-01-01

355

Community Responses and Perceived Barriers to Responding to Child Maltreatment  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although child maltreatment has important effects on physical and psychological health, even serious cases often go unreported. Little is known about actions that individuals take when they know of an abused child, factors influencing whether they take action, or general population beliefs about how best to prevent maltreatment. A random-digit-dialed telephone survey of 504 Washington State civilian, English-speaking adults living

Lillian Bensley; Katrina Wynkoop Simmons; Deborah Ruggles; Tammy Putvin; Cynthia Harris; Melissa Allen; Kathy Williams

2004-01-01

356

Maternal Protectiveness and Child Adjustment: A Multidimensional Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective. The purposes of this study were to identify multiple dimensions of maternal protectiveness and to examine their relations with demographic factors, child characteristics, and children's psychological adjustment. Design. One hundred and seven mothers of 8- to 13-year-old children completed questionnaires on child temperament and maternal protectiveness. Teachers completed questionnaires on children's social-emotional adjustment. Results. Three domains of protectiveness were

Thomas G. Power; Laura G. Hill

2008-01-01

357

The Methamphetamine Home: Psychological Impact on Preschoolers in Rural Tennessee  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Context: A growing number of children reside with methamphetamine-abusing parents in homes where the illicit drug is produced. Yet, the effects of a methamphetamine environment on psychological child outcome are still unknown. Purpose: To examine whether preschoolers who lived in methamphetamine-producing homes are at increased risk for developing…

Asanbe, Comfort B.; Hall, Charlene; Bolden, Charles D.

2008-01-01

358

Feminism and Discourse in Developmental Psychology: Power, Subjectivity and Interpretation  

Microsoft Academic Search

The meeting of feminism with post-structuralism has brought issues of multiplicity of meanings to the fore. However, attention to difference threatens to disperse politics. This paper explores how these issues are played out in developmental psychological research. The concerns of feminist research with issues of reciprocity, consultation and accountability challenge developmental research conducted within the structural power relations of adult-child,

Erica Burman

1992-01-01

359

A Child's View: Social and Physical Environmental Features Differentially Predict Parent and Child Perceived Neighborhood Safety.  

PubMed

Parent and child perceived neighborhood safety predicts child health outcomes such as sleep quality, asthma, physical activity, and psychological distress. Although previous studies identify environmental predictors of parent perceived safety, little is known about predictors of child perceived safety. This study aims to identify the social and physical environmental neighborhood features that predict child and parent perceived neighborhood safety and, simultaneously, to assess the association between child and parent perceptions. Data were from the QUebec Adipose and Lifestyle InvesTigation in Youth (QUALITY) cohort, an ongoing study of Caucasian children (aged 8-10 years) with a parental history of obesity, and their biological parents from Québec, Canada. Measures of social and physical neighborhood features were collected using a spatial data infrastructure and in-person audits. Structural equation modeling was used to test direct and indirect associations between neighborhood features, child and parent perceived safety. Results suggest that among children (N?=?494), trees and lighting were positively associated with perceived neighborhood safety, whereas a high proportion of visible minorities was associated with poorer perceived safety. Parents' perceptions of safety were more strongly tied to indicators of disorder and a lack of community involvement, and to traffic. Child perceived safety was partly explained by parent perceived safety, suggesting moderate concordance between perceptions. Although associated with each other, parent and child perceived safety seemed to be determined by distinct environmental features. Though this study focused on determinants of child and parent perceived safety, future research investigating the impact of neighborhood safety on child health should consider both child and parent perspectives. PMID:25450517

Côté-Lussier, Carolyn; Jackson, Jonathan; Kestens, Yan; Henderson, Melanie; Barnett, Tracie A

2015-02-01

360

Psychological Assessment through Performance-Based Techniques and Self-Reports: A Case Study of a Sexually Abused Girl at Preschool Age  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We investigated the implicit psychological and behavioral consequences of sexual abuse in an adolescent girl who suffered child sexual abuse at preschool age in this case report. We report the manifestations of this abuse on her personality and psychological functioning using a structured clinical interview and a comprehensive psychological

Khalily, Muhammad Tahir; Hallahan, Brian

2011-01-01

361

Community Psychology in Israel  

Microsoft Academic Search

The chapter reviews activities by Israeli psychologists in which community psychology principles are applied. It is argued\\u000a that despite the small number of publications using the term community psychology and the absence of formal specialization and training in community psychology, many Israeli psychologists have internalized\\u000a the principles of community psychology and implement them in their work. Specifically, we suggest that

Amiram Raviv; Mira Zeira; Keren Sharvit

362

Psychology Free Online Medical Advice  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

First released on July 1, 2003, this online service provides answers to hundreds of questions about lifestyle issues such as post-traumatic stress syndrome, child guidance, obesity, and eating disorders. The project is funded by the EU, and the questions are answered in full by a team of psychological and psychiatric experts from a number of European countries. Visitors can elect to send in their own question directly to an expert, or read through a list of previously answered questions organized around topics ranging from psychotherapy to depression. Additionally, users may take part in a number of ongoing forums where they can discuss their issues anonymously, and seek advice from experts. Finally, the homepage features a list of recent discussions that are currently in progress, and questions that have recently been answered. Appropriately enough, the site is also available in Greek, German, and Swedish.

2003-01-01

363

Confidentiality issues in psychological research.  

PubMed

There has been increased attention in recent years to the importance of individual privacy and professional confidentiality both in Australia and overseas. At the same time, psychologists' growing research interests in areas such as AIDS, child sexual abuse, and domestic violence have led to new ethical dilemmas over the contract of confidentiality between researchers and their research participants. The present paper discusses a number of issues regarding the ethics of confidentiality in psychological research. Following Bok (1989), the issues are highlighted within the context of four ethical principles that underlie researchers' obligations to preserve confidentiality. These principles are derived from considerations of privacy, loyalty, the pledge of silence, and professional codes of ethical standards. Each of these principles is illustrated with examples taken from recent research. We devote special attention to instances that appear to provide a clash between moral principles. PMID:17144059

Peterson, C C; Siddle, D A T

1995-11-01

364

Your Child's Immunizations  

MedlinePLUS

... Ideas for Kids Tips for Treating the Flu Pregnancy Precautions Checkups: What to Expect Your Child's Immunizations KidsHealth > Parents > Infections > Immunizations > Your Child's Immunizations Print ...

365

Intro through Internet Psychology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Psychology and computer science were clustered into a course in "Internet Psychology" with the goal of enabling students to use electronic networks responsibly and creatively and to understand the principles of psychology as they operate in the electronic context. Fourteen students from a variety of majors registered for the class. Course content,…

Webster, Sandra K.; Kelliher, Thomas P.

366

Psychology and Economics  

Microsoft Academic Search

Because psychology systematically explores human judgment, behavior, and well-being, it can teach us important lessons about how humans differ from the way they are traditionally described by economists. This essay discusses a selection of psychological findings relevant to economics. While standard economics assumes that each person maximizes stable and coherent preferences given rationally-formed probabilistic beliefs, psychological research teaches us about

Matthew Rabin

1998-01-01

367

Socioaffective Neuroscience & Psychology (SNP)  

E-print Network

Socioaffective Neuroscience & Psychology (SNP) I t is an exciting challenge for us to launch a new interdisciplinary journal, Socioaffective Neuroscience & Psychology. We believe the journal will appeal to a wide within cogni- tive neuroscience and psychology have started to emerge: (1) affective neurosciences

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

368

The psychology of mystery  

Microsoft Academic Search

Describes the development of the ways in which psychology has been used in the fictional world of the mystery\\/detective novel. Application of psychology has included (1) the use of experimental techniques, such as laboratory techniques and deductive reasoning, and (2) the use of applied theories, such as those on motivation or personality, by detectives, psychological consultants, and psychologist-detectives to solve

Leonard Krasner

1983-01-01

369

Psychology in India  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Psychology forms the basis of every human activity. The scope of psychology is increasingly widening in various economic, political, social, cultural and technological aspects. Though the application of psychology is extending to various aspects of life, it needs to be indigenised to address the dynamic needs in the various socio-economic contexts…

Sushma, B.; Padmaja, G.

2011-01-01

370

Psychology in Mexico  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The first formal psychology course taught in Mexico was in 1896 at Mexico's National University; today, National Autonomous University of Mexico (UNAM in Spanish). The modern psychology from Europe and the US in the late 19th century were the primary influences of Mexican psychology, as well as psychoanalysis and both clinical and experimental…

Ruiz, Eleonora Rubio

2011-01-01

371

Arbitrary Metrics in Psychology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many psychological tests have arbitrary metrics but are appropriate for testing psychological theories. Metric arbitrariness is a concern, however, when researchers wish to draw inferences about the true, absolute standing of a group or individual on the latent psychological dimension being measured. The authors illustrate this in the context of 2…

Blanton, Hart; Jaccard, James

2006-01-01

372

Educational psychology and education  

Microsoft Academic Search

Discusses what elements of educational psychology are useful in elementary school education and how educational practices can enrich research and development in educational psychology. Educational psychology is ready to assume interactive relationships with methods of scientific application, development, and research, as practiced in the traditional sciences. These interactions would be helpful for studying subject-matter learning, the teaching of basic abilities,

Robert Glaser

1973-01-01

373

Echocardiographic abnormalities following cardiac radiation  

SciTech Connect

Five years or more after receiving cardiac radiation, 41 patients with Hodgkin's disease and seminoma in remission were subjected to echocardiography. The abnormalities detected included pericardial thickening in 70%, thickening of the aortic and/or mitral valves in 28%, right ventricular dilatation or hypokinesis in 39%, and left ventricular dysfunction in 39%. In the 23 patients treated by an upper mantle technique with shielding, the incidence of right ventricular abnormalities and valvular thickening was significantly lower than in patients treated with modified techniques. Although no symptoms were attributable to the observed abnormalities, longer follow-up time may reveal important functional implications.

Perrault, D.J.; Levy, M.; Herman, J.D.; Burns, R.J.; Bar Shlomo, B.Z.; Druck, M.N.; Wu, W.Q.; McLaughlin, P.R.; Gilbert, B.W.

1985-04-01

374

Child Maltreatment History among Newlywed Couples: A Longitudinal Study of Marital Outcomes and Mediating Pathways  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Participants included 202 newlywed couples who reported retrospectively about child maltreatment experiences (sexual abuse, physical abuse, psychological abuse, and neglect) and whose marital functioning was assessed 3 times over a 2-year period. Decreased marital satisfaction at T1 was predicted by childhood physical abuse, psychological abuse,…

DiLillo, David; Peugh, James; Walsh, Kate; Panuzio, Jillian; Trask, Emily; Evans, Sarah

2009-01-01

375

The Psychology of Cyberspace  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Created and maintained by Professor John Suler of Rider University, The Psychology of Cyberspace is a frequently updated interactive document that provides "an evolving conceptual framework for understanding the various psychological components of cyberspace." Currently, the site contains six major components: The Fundamental Psychological Qualities of Cyberspace, The Psychology of the Individual in Cyberspace, The Psychology of Cyberspace Relationships, Group Dynamics in Cyberspace, Research Methods in Cyberpsychology, and The Palace Study, an ongoing case study of an online multimedia community. This extensive site also includes a subject index to aid information retrieval, and a modest annotated webliography of cyberpsychology resources.

Suler, John.

1999-01-01

376

Exploring the Role of Filipino Fathers: Paternal Behaviors and Child Outcomes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using data collected from an urban Southern Visayan province during the Summer of 2006, this study examines a sample of 133 Filipino fathers to consider potential relationships between father behaviors and child outcomes. Increased paternal psychological control predicts increased problematic child outcomes, with sons being more affected than…

Harper, Scott E.

2010-01-01

377

Potential roles of parental self-efficacy in parent and child adjustment: A review  

Microsoft Academic Search

This review examines the potential roles of parental self-efficacy (PSE) in parent and child adjustment and the role of parental cognitions in understanding behaviors and emotions within families. The areas in this review include parental competence and psychological functioning, as well as child behaviors, socio-emotional adjustment, school achievement, and maltreatment. There is strong evidence linking PSE to parental competence, and

Tracy L. Jones; Ronald J. Prinz

2005-01-01

378

The Alchemy of the Mathematics Curriculum: Inscriptions and the Fabrication of the Child  

Microsoft Academic Search

School subjects are analogous to medieval alchemy. There is a magical change as mathematics, science, and social sciences move from their disciplinary spaces into the classroom. The educational and social psychologies have little or nothing to do with understanding disciplinary practices. They are intellectual inventions for normalizing and governing the child’s conduct, relationships, and communications. The author examines this alchemy

Thomas Popkewitz

2004-01-01

379

Clarifying the Effects of Parental Substance Abuse, Child Sexual Abuse, and Parental Caregiving on Adult Adjustment  

Microsoft Academic Search

Parental alcoholism, childhood sexual abuse, and other forms of child maltreatment are generally viewed as contributing to adult adjustment problems. The long-term effects of these various factors, however, are actually not well understood. The present study found that the largest amount of variance in college students' psychological distress was explained by parental emotional abuse and neglect, with child sexual abuse,

Timothy P. Melchert

2000-01-01

380

The idealization of women: its role in the minimization of child sexual abuse by females  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: The aim was to review the literature on female perpetrated child sexual abuse by highlighting how cultural myths about women inhibit recognition of this much hidden phenomenon.Method: Three sections are presented. Part 1 evaluates evidence concerning beliefs about child sexual abuse by women which minimize the problem. Part 2 provides a theoretical account of psychological processes that are hypothesized

Jacquie Hetherton

1999-01-01

381

Behaviour delay and robot expressiveness in child-robot interactions: a user study on interaction kinesics  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents results of a novel study on interaction kinesics where 18 children interacted with a humanoid child-sized robot called KASPAR. Based on findings in psychology and social sciences we propose the temporal behaviour matching hypothesis which predicts that children will adapt to and match the robot's temporal behaviour. Each child took part in six experimental trials involving two

Ben Robins; Kerstin Dautenhahn; Rene Te Boekhorst; Chrystopher L. Nehaniv

2008-01-01

382

Risk Factors for the Perpetration of Child Sexual Abuse: A Review and Meta-Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objectives: Since the late 1980s, there has been a strong theoretical focus on psychological and social influences of perpetration of child sexual abuse. This paper presents the results of a review and meta-analysis of studies examining risk factors for perpetration of child sexual abuse published since 1990. Method: Eighty-nine studies published…

Whitaker, Daniel J.; Le, Brenda; Hanson, R. Karl; Baker, Charlene K.; McMahon, Pam M.; Ryan, Gail; Klein, Alisa; Rice, Deborah Donovan

2008-01-01

383

SDSU General Catalog 2010-2011 171 Child and Family Development  

E-print Network

and family therapy; speech, occupational and physical therapy; social work; psychology; law; or sociologySDSU General Catalog 2010-2011 171 CFD Child and Family Development In the College of Education with the B.S. degree in applied arts and sciences. Minor in child development. Certificate in early childhood

Gallo, Linda C.

384

SDSU General Catalog 2011-2012 175 Child and Family Development  

E-print Network

and family therapy; speech, occupational and physical therapy; social work; psychology; law; or sociologySDSU General Catalog 2011-2012 175 CFD Child and Family Development In the College of Education with the B.S. degree in applied arts and sciences. Minor in child development. Certificate in early childhood

Gallo, Linda C.

385

Methodological Issues and Practical Strategies in Research on Child Maltreatment Victims' Abilities and Experiences as Witnesses  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Scientific studies of child maltreatment victims' memory abilities and court experiences have important legal, psychological, and clinical implications. However, state-of-the-art research on child witnesses is often hindered by methodological challenges. In this paper, we address specific problems investigators may encounter when attempting such…

Chae, Yoojin; Goodman, Gail S.; Bederian-Gardner, Daniel; Lindsay, Adam

2011-01-01

386

Early Child Maltreatment, Runaway Youths, and Risk of Delinquency and Victimization in Adolescence: A Mediational Model  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article examines whether running away from home mediates the link between child maltreatment and later delinquency and victimization in adolescence. Specifically, the authors tested the hypothesis that childhood physical and psychological abuse increase the risk of a child's running away from home by the time of adolescence. Running away from…

Kim, Min Jung; Tajima, Emiko A.; Herrenkohl, Todd I.; Huang, Bu

2009-01-01

387

Demographic and Personality Characteristics of Internet Child Pornography Downloaders in Comparison to Other Offenders  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research study was conducted to map out the demographic and psychological aspects of Internet child pornography offenders. The backgrounds, characteristics, and MMPI profiles of 22 Internet child pornography offenders were statistically compared to those of 112 perpetrators of other offenses. In comparison to the other sexual offenders, the…

Reijnen, Lotte; Bulten, Erik; Nijman, Henk

2009-01-01

388

Predictors of Parent Training Efficacy for Child Externalizing Behavior Problems--A Meta-Analytic Review  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: The differential effectiveness of parent training has led researchers to examine a variety of child, parent, and familial variables that may predict treatment response. Studies have identified a diverse set of child, parent psychological/behavioral and demographic variables that are associated with treatment outcome and dropout.…

Reyno, Sandra M.; McGrath, Patrick J.

2006-01-01

389

Emotional Disturbance in Fifty Children in the Care of the Child Welfare System  

Microsoft Academic Search

Fifty Canadian children in out-of-home placements under the jurisdiction of a child welfare district office were administered a battery of psychological assessment instruments. The purpose was to obtain an estimate of the proportion showing psychopathology. The child's social worker's opinion on the presence or absence of psychopathology and need for mental health services was also determined. The results showed that

A. H. Thompson; Deanna Fuhr

1992-01-01

390

Exploring the Behavioral and Psychological Differences between Male and Female Youth with a History of Fire Involvement  

E-print Network

using the Child Behavior Checklist, the Aggression Questionnaire, and the Children's Firesetting Interview. Results indicated that 85% of youth had clinically significant problems in at least 1 psychological domain. The proportions with clinically...

Morris, Ed M.

2014-08-31

391

Child care subsidies, maternal health, and child-parent interactions: evidence from three nationally representative datasets.  

PubMed

A complete account of the US child care subsidy system requires an understanding of its implications for both parental and child well-being. Although the effects of child care subsidies on maternal employment and child development have been recently studied, many other dimensions of family well-being have received little attention. This paper attempts to fill this gap by examining the impact of child care subsidy receipt on maternal health and the quality of child-parent interactions. The empirical analyses use data from three nationally representative surveys, providing access to numerous measures of family well-being. In addition, we attempt to handle the possibility of non-random selection into subsidy receipt by using several identification strategies both within and across the surveys. Our results consistently indicate that child care subsidies are associated with worse maternal health and poorer interactions between parents and their children. In particular, subsidized mothers report lower levels of overall health and are more likely to show symptoms consistent with anxiety, depression, and parenting stress. Such mothers also reveal more psychological and physical aggression toward their children and are more likely to utilize spanking as a disciplinary tool. Together, these findings suggest that work-based public policies aimed at economically disadvantaged mothers may ultimately undermine family well-being. PMID:23832797

Herbst, Chris M; Tekin, Erdal

2014-08-01

392

Child Support Report, 1997.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document consists of the twelve issues of "Child Support Report" newsletter published during 1997. Monthly issues typically explore problems related to child support enforcement, report on federal and state government child support enforcement initiatives, and summarize research related to child support. Editorials and information on events…

Sharman, Phil, Ed.

1997-01-01

393

THE DIFFICULT CHILD.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

THIS BOOK CONSISTS OF 16 ESSAYS BY SPECIALISTS ON PROBLEMS WHICH MAY MAKE A CHILD DIFFICULT. EACH AUTHOR DISCUSSES ETIOLOGICAL FACTORS, CHARACTERISTICS, AND HOW DIFFICULTIES MAY BE REDUCED. THE FOLLOWING TOPICS ARE CONSIDERED--(1) "THE CREATIVE CHILD" BY E.P. TORRANCE, (2) "THE INATTENTIVE CHILD" BY I.W. SCHERER, (3) "THE CHILD WITH LANGUAGE…

ROUCEK, JOSEPH S.

394

Application SJSU Child Development  

E-print Network

Application SJSU Child Development Laboratory Preschool Child's name Birth date Home address Street Campbell at (408) 924-3725. Send application to: Toni Campbell Child Development San José State University. Circle the program you prefer for your child. Toddlers (two yrs.) Mon/Wed 9:00 - 11:00 Toddlers (two yrs

Su, Xiao

395

Child Abuse: Definition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this paper was to elaborate on the definitions of child abuse in order to improve the understanding of child abuse. The definitions given by the U.S. House Joint Committee on Child Abuse in the Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act, and in research by Holden (1984), are cited. These definitions refer to the nature of abusive acts…

Wilson, Timothy L.-Y.

396

Child Support Report, 2001.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document comprises the 12 issues for 2001 of the "Child Support Report," which explores problems related to child support enforcement, reports on federal and state government child support enforcement initiatives, and summarizes research related to child support. Featured regularly are editorials and information on events of interest and…

Sharman, Phil, Ed.

2001-01-01

397

Child Support Report, 1999.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document comprises the 12 issues for 1999 of the "Child Support Report," which explores problems related to child support enforcement, reports on federal and state government child support enforcement initiatives, and summarizes research related to child support. Editorials and information on events and conferences of interest and funding…

Sharman, Phil, Ed.

1999-01-01

398

Child Support Report, 2000.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document comprises the 12 issues for 2000 of the "Child Support Report," which explores problems related to child support enforcement, reports on federal and state government child support enforcement initiatives, and summarizes research related to child support. Featured regularly are editorials and information on events of interest and…

Sharman, Phil, Ed.

2000-01-01

399

Maternal and Child nutrition  

E-print Network

Maternal and Child nutrition Earn an advanced degree in a highly specialized field Taught #12;Courses: Nutrition During Pregnancy Lactation and Infant Nutrition Child and Adolescent Nutrition Applied Research Methods in Maternal and Child Nutrition Topics in Epidemiology of Maternal and Child

Schladow, S. Geoffrey

400

Child Support Report, 2002.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document comprises the 12 issues for 2002 of the Child Support Report, which explores problems related to child support enforcement, reports on federal and state government child support enforcement initiatives, and summarizes research related to child support. Featured regularly are editorials and information on events of interest and…

Sharman, Phil, Ed.

2002-01-01

401

Child Support Report, 1998.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document is comprised of the 12 monthly issues of the 1998 "Child Support Report," which explores problems related to child support enforcement, reports on federal and state government child support enforcement initiatives, and summarizes research related to child support. Editorials and information on events and conferences of interest and…

Sharman, Phil, Ed.

1998-01-01

402

A Critical Review of the Psychometric Evidence Base of the Child Abuse Potential Inventory  

Microsoft Academic Search

Screening for potential child abuse is an essential component of work in many child and family services. The Child Abuse Potential\\u000a inventory (CAP; Milner 1986) is one measure developed to help in this task. The primary aim of this review is to critically evaluate studies reporting\\u000a psychometric information of the CAP. A previous paper by Milner (Clinical Psychology Review 14(6):

Clare A. Walker; Jason Davies

2010-01-01

403

Determinants of child-bearing intentions of low-income women: attitudes versus life circumstances.  

PubMed

Surveys of low-income women in Los Angeles County in 1985 and 1986 were used to examine the relative impact of child-bearing motivations versus life circumstances on the intention to have a(nother) child. Future child-bearing intentions are strongly related to current parity level regardless of marital status, race/ethnicity or economic status. Psychological motivating factors predict child-bearing intentions of nulliparous women, but not those of parous women. Multivariate analyses showed that motivation for parenthood and life circumstances combined predicted women's child-bearing intentions 88.6% of the time for nulliparous women, but 73.7% for parous women. These findings suggest that, in a low-income population, the onset of parenthood reduces the relationship between specific motivations for child-bearing and actual child-bearing intentions, and diminishes the ability to predict child-bearing intentions based on both attitudinal and social/structural factors. PMID:1583030

Radecki, S E; Beckman, L J

1992-04-01

404

Abnormalities of the central nervous system in very young children with sickle cell anemia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: To determine whether abnormalities of the CNS are present in very young children with sickle cell anemia. Study design: Thirty-nine children with hemoglobin SS between the ages of 7 and 48 months were examined with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and magnetic resonance angiography (MRA). No child had a history of clinical stroke, although 3 had a history of seizures

Winfred C. Wang; James W. Langston; R. Grant Steen; Lynn W. Wynn; Raymond K. Mulhern; Judith A. Wilimas; Francine M. Kim; Ramon E. Figueroa

1998-01-01

405

PSYCHOLOGY 260 Introduction to Physiological Psychology  

E-print Network

available as an ebook) Optional: Study Guide for Kalat's Biological Psychology, Elaine M. Hull The Kalat feel free to set up meeting times with me or the T.A.s if you are having difficulty with concepts

Gallo, Linda C.

406

In Child Language by M. Alderidge (Eds.). Multilingual Matters Ltd, Clevedon, 1997 Simulation of 'Sensori-motor Stage V and VI' Language Development  

E-print Network

networks, provide a basis for studying child language development in that these networks emphasise learning was carried out using ACCLAIM - A Connectionist Child LAnguage Development and Imitation Model. ACCLAIM development has been studied extensively in developmental psychology and neurobiology. The studies in child

Abidi, Syed Sibte Raza

407

Invigorating science, practice, and policy relevant to school psychology throughout the world.  

PubMed

School Psychology Quarterly continues to fulfill the mission of publishing premiere science related to schooling, child development, pedagogical practices, disability, and related fields. Scholarship across numerous diverse fields, including educational, cognitive, social, behavioral, preventative, psychological, cross-cultural, and developmental science continues to inform the field of school psychology. The following features an update related to the past, present, and future of School Psychology Quarterly as an international resource to invigorate, enhance, and advance science, practice, and policy relevant to school psychology throughout the world. Information herein highlights (a) the value of high quality and timely reviews, (b) the breadth of important topics relevant to school psychology, (c) the international contributions, and (d) the structure of and opportunity to contribute to special topic sections of School Psychology Quarterly. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2015 APA, all rights reserved). PMID:25751498

Jimerson, Shane R

2015-03-01

408

Humanistic Psychology’s Impact and Accomplishments  

Microsoft Academic Search

Humanistic psychology shone most brightly during the revolutionary 1960s and 1970s. Referred to as “the encounter culture,” with a “sensitivity to others’ needs” including emotional self-expression, it was characterized by Carl Rogers as hunger for close relationships with fully-expressed emotions. One of the contributions of humanistic psychology to our culture was Rogers’ approach to conflict resolution using his emotionally honest

David Ryback

2011-01-01

409

Child Abuse and Neglect  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Child abuse and neglect represent complex social problems confronting our society today. From 1976, when the first national\\u000a figures for child maltreatment were generated, to the most recent period, child maltreatment reports have been increasing\\u000a steadily. In 1992, child protective service agencies received an estimated 1.9 million reports of child abuse and neglect\\u000a involving an estimated 2.9 million children. Maltreatment

Cathy Spatz Widom

410

Alex in the Middle: Inclusion of a Child with Severe Disabilities and Complex Health Needs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This case study describes the 2-year process of moving a young child with severe disabilities and complex medical needs from a special school setting to a special class in a regular education setting. The child had Marshall-Smith Syndrome, characterized by respiratory, pulmonary, and skeletal abnormalities, and developmental delays due to the…

Bruns, Deborah A.

411

Maternal Stress During Pregnancy May Affect ChildÂ?s Obesity  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

There is increasing evidence from human and animal studies that offspring of parents who were physically or psychologically stressed are at higher risk of developing obesity, and that these offspring may in turn "transmit" that increased risk to the next generation. Now research conducted at the University of Minnesota and Georgetown University suggests that a mother's nutritional or psychological stress during pregnancy and lactation may create a signature on her child's genes that put the child at increased risk for obesity later in life, especially if the child is female.

APS Communications Office (American Physiological Society Communications Office)

2011-04-12

412

Psychology Insight Taster Day with British Psychology Society (ID:325)  

E-print Network

Psychology Insight Taster Day with British Psychology Society (ID:325) Outline The `Psychology and Lecturers aim to give a detailed picture of the various work within Psychology and the career/training options available. These are run in conjunction with the Welsh Branch of the British Psychological Society

Harman, Neal.A.

413

School of Psychology Psychology explores how people think, feel,  

E-print Network

School of Psychology Psychology explores how people think, feel, behave and interact with each. An understanding of contemporary psychological science is essential to shape current and emerging societal issues. Dr Beth Grunfeld Programme Leader, MA Psychology 1 year full-time 2 years part-time MA Psychology #12

Miall, Chris

414

Bone marrow abnormalities in HIV infected children, report of three cases and review of the literature  

PubMed Central

Bone marrow abnormalities in HIV infected adults include hypocellularity, myelodysplasia and poor marrow recovery. Data in children is limited. We report a series of three HIV infected with varied bone marrow abnormalities. First child was a 7-year-old boy with pulmonary tuberculosis, anemia, thrombocytopenia and bone marrow examination showed hypoplastic marrow. He succumbed to his disease within seven days of hospitalization. Second child was a three and a half year old girl who had severe anemia and her bone marrow examination showed dyserythropoiesis. Third child was a 7-year-old boy who had splenic abscesses and pancytopenia and bone marrow examination showed myelofibrosis with increased plasma cells. He also succumbed due to a fatal pulmonary bleed. Thus, advanced HIV disease in children can lead to bone marrow suppression in form of hypoplasia or myelofibrosis which can be fatal. PMID:24778674

Shah, Ira; Murthy, Anuradha

2014-01-01

415

Interpretation and management of hepatic abnormalities in pregnancy.  

PubMed

The spectrum of liver disease in pregnancy includes liver disease unrelated to pregnancy, liver diseases that occur with increased frequency or severity in pregnancy, and liver disease specific to pregnancy. Diseases of the liver unique to pregnancy reliably occur at specific points in the gestational spectrum. Thus, gestational age, a comprehensive history, and a clinically driven diagnostic evaluation is critical in approaching a pregnant patient with abnormal liver chemistries or function. Early recognition of these conditions is important and although management may be expectant, some patients require targeted therapy or necessitate prompt delivery, which can be life-saving to both mother and child. PMID:23707777

Kia, Leila; Rinella, Mary E

2013-11-01

416

Solo mothers: quality of parenting and child development  

Microsoft Academic Search

Introduction: Any consideration of the development of children in solo mother families is essentially addressing the more fundamental question “Do fathers really matter?” This presentation will explore the empirical evidence relating to the two areas of child development where fathers are generally considered to matter a great deal, (i) children's psychological adjustment and (ii) children's sex role development, and will

Susan Golombok

2004-01-01

417

Diagnosing a Learning Disability in a Hearing-Impaired Child.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents a case study that used an interdisciplinary diagnostic approach to determine whether a hearing-impaired nine-year-old child had a learning disability and to determine the type of disability. The assessment included medical examination, gross and fine motor skills, psychological functioning, mental processing and achievement,…

Plapinger, Donald; Sikora, Darryn

1990-01-01

418

Parent-Centered Work: A Relational Shift in Child Treatment  

Microsoft Academic Search

In recent decades, the influence of attachment theory, relational theories, and infant research has shifted therapeutic focus from a one-person to a two-person psychology. Dyadic relational patterns and the intersubjective nature of experience have assumed prominence in the ways in which analysts conceptualize disturbance and intervention. This paradigm shift has altered the focus of child treatment to emphasize consultative work

Linda Jacobs

2006-01-01

419

Understanding Burnout in Child and Youth Care Workers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Burnout is a major concern in human service occupations as it has been linked to turnover, absenteeism, a reduction in the quality of services, numerous physical and psychological disorders, and a disruption in interpersonal relations (Maslach et al. "2001"). Child and youth care workers are especially susceptible to burnout as the inherent…

Barford, Sean W.; Whelton, William J.

2010-01-01

420

Freedom to be a Child: Commercial Pressures on Children  

Microsoft Academic Search

Children's lives have been transformed over the past century. Family incomes have increased, children lead more solitary lives, attitudes to childhood have changed, new products have been developed and commercial pressures on children have increased. The importance of these commercial pressures is analysed. Do children understand advertising? How is child poverty affected? How does increased materialism affect psychological well-being? The

David Piachaud

2007-01-01

421

Ender's Game: Using Science Fiction to Teach Child Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

Students in two sections of a developmental psychology course wrote five-page papers about 10 aspects of child development depicted in the science fiction book Ender's Game (Card, 1977). Analysis of the book required using theory and research from the course. The assignment received favorable ratings from students and helped them understand and think critically about course material. Application assignments provide

Steven J. Kirsh

422

Leasing Commercial Space for Your Child Care Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Covers leasing of commercial space for child care centers, either as an enhancement to a developer's project or on a commercial basis in competition with other types of commercial development. Discusses different negotiating psychologies and key negotiating points to be used in each leasing situation. (NH)

Stephens, Keith

1987-01-01

423

Research on the Long-Term Effects of Child Abuse.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Explores recent quantitative and qualitative studies of the long-term effects of child abuse, specifically, how abuse in childhood affects adulthood. Many studies associate various forms of abuse experienced in childhood with a wide range of psychological, behavioral, and relational problems in adulthood. Articles reviewed may inform marriage and…

Elam, George A.; Kleist, David M.

1999-01-01

424

Tradition and Innovation in the Training of Clinical Child Psychologists.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper discusses tradition and innovation in the training of clinical child psychologists. Since prevention is receiving increasing emphasis, psychologists need thorough training in the developmental psychology of both infancy and early childhood. Secondly, the training of paraprofessionals is of great current interest, and perhaps graduate…

Rie, Herbert E.

425

THE TRAUMATIC IMPACT OF CHILD SEXUAL ABUSE: A Conceptualization  

Microsoft Academic Search

A framework is proposed for a more systematic understanding of the effects of child sexual abuse. Four traumagenic dynamics - traumatic sexualization, betrayal, stigmatization, and powerlessness - are identified as the core of the psychological injury inflicted by abuse. These dynamics can be used to make assessments of victimized children and to anticipate problems to which these children may be

David Finkelhor; Angela Browne

2010-01-01

426

Adult child caregiver health trajectories and the impact of multiple roles over time.  

PubMed

Guided by stress process and life course theory, the purpose of this study was to examine adult child caregivers' psychological and physical health trajectories and how their multiple family (caregiving, marital, and parenting) and nonfamily (employment) roles contributed to these health outcomes over time. Seven waves of data from the Health and Retirement Study were analyzed for 1,300 adult child caregivers using latent growth curve models. Adult child caregivers have distinct psychological and physical health trajectories that are related to their roles over time. The importance of any given role varies by the type of health outcome and timing in the life course. Caregiving alone does not contribute to adult child caregivers' psychological and physical health; marital and employment roles also contribute significantly to caregivers' life courses. PMID:25651570

Barnett, Amanda E

2015-04-01

427

Child Perceived Parenting Behavior: Childhood Anxiety and Related Symptoms  

PubMed Central

The current study examined the relationship between child-reported parenting behaviors and children’s anxiety, depressive, and externalizing symptoms. Youth ages 7 – 14 (N = 175; 52.6% male) and their parents seeking treatment for child anxiety were evaluated. The parenting behaviors that were measured separately included father’s and mother’s acceptance, psychological control, and firm/behavioral control. Children’s symptoms were assessed using diagnostic interviews, self-reports, parent-reports, and teacher-reports. Independent t-tests revealed that children diagnosed with a primary anxiety disorder perceived higher parental control than children without an anxiety disorder. Results from regression analyses indicated that child-reported maternal acceptance was associated with lower symptoms of child anxiety, depression, and externalizing behavior, whereas psychological control predicted higher symptoms. Further, child-reported depressive symptoms moderated the relationship between maternal psychological control and children’s anxiety, such that the relationship was weaker for anxious children with more depressive symptoms. The current findings support that children’s perception of parenting behavior is associated with anxiety, and children’s depressive symptoms moderate this relationship. PMID:25061257

Wei, Chiaying; Kendall, Philip C.

2014-01-01

428

PSYCHOLOGICAL SCIENCE Research Report  

E-print Network

Psychological Society 525 STEREOSCOPIC SURFACE INTERPOLATION SUPPORTS LIGHTNESS CONSTANCY Laurie M. Wilcox- tations from very sparse information, as evidenced by the formation of subjective surfaces in regions

Wilcox, Laurie

429

Psychology of Religion Pages  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Designed and maintained by Professor Michael E. Nielsen of the Psychology Department at Georgia Southern University, this site offers numerous resources for people interested in psychological aspects of religious belief and behavior. The site is designed as an introduction to the psychology of religion, rather than a comprehensive treatment. Resources are grouped into three main categories: general resource pages, science and religion pages, and pages devoted to new religious movements. Contents include notable people in the psychology of religion; a bibliography; course syllabi; journal TOCs; essays on the field, on science and religion, and on several aspects of new religious movements; and related links.

Nielsen, Michael E.

1998-01-01

430

Teaching Clinical Psychology  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Teaching Clinical Psychology, created by Dr. John Suler of Rider University, is devoted to �sharing ideas and resources for teaching clinical psychology.� Helpful for students and educators in the fields of mental health and human services counseling, this site contains practical in-class exercises, such as an exercise which illustrates what it is like to share secrets with strangers, and syllabi for courses in the clinical psychology curriculum. There are also larger projects for students, including an in-depth analysis of a psychotherapy case study and a role-play project which has students administer, score, and interpret a series of psychological tests given to a classmate.

Suler, John R., 1955-

431

Psychology is about processes.  

PubMed

Out of the eight points of methodological criticism against contemporary psychology formulated by Watson (Psychological Bulletin 31:755-776, 1934) and put forward by Toomela in this issue, the overemphasis on prediction, the neglect of individual differences, the habit of the differences between the mental states of subjects in objective experimental conditions are particularly important. Modem cognitive psychology has began to remedy those problems, in part by proposing broad, integrative theories. It is not useful to subdivide psychology into "schools of thought" defined by their methodological practices. PMID:17992866

Ohlsson, Stellan

2007-03-01

432

Complex patterns of abnormal heartbeats  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Individuals having frequent abnormal heartbeats interspersed with normal heartbeats may be at an increased risk of sudden cardiac death. However, mechanistic understanding of such cardiac arrhythmias is limited. We present a visual and qualitative method to display statistical properties of abnormal heartbeats. We introduce dynamical "heartprints" which reveal characteristic patterns in long clinical records encompassing approximately 10(5) heartbeats and may provide information about underlying mechanisms. We test if these dynamics can be reproduced by model simulations in which abnormal heartbeats are generated (i) randomly, (ii) at a fixed time interval following a preceding normal heartbeat, or (iii) by an independent oscillator that may or may not interact with the normal heartbeat. We compare the results of these three models and test their limitations to comprehensively simulate the statistical features of selected clinical records. This work introduces methods that can be used to test mathematical models of arrhythmogenesis and to develop a new understanding of underlying electrophysiologic mechanisms of cardiac arrhythmia.

Schulte-Frohlinde, Verena; Ashkenazy, Yosef; Goldberger, Ary L.; Ivanov, Plamen Ch; Costa, Madalena; Morley-Davies, Adrian; Stanley, H. Eugene; Glass, Leon

2002-01-01

433

La investigacion sovietica en psicologia de la actividad linguistica (Soviet Investigations in Psychology Relating to Linguistic Processes)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Surveys the actual state of Russian research on verbal behavior as seen from the field of psychology. The research is in four parts: (1) language and thought, especially internal language, (2) neurological aspects of language, (3) child language, and (4) psychology of language learning and teaching for native and foreign languages. (Text is in…

Prucha, J.

1975-01-01

434

Anxiety, psychological well-being and self-esteem in Spanish families with blind children. A change in psychological adjustment?  

PubMed

In this study, the relation between levels of anxiety, self-esteem and subjective psychological well-being is analyzed in a Spanish sample of 28 fathers and 33 mothers of blind children. The results reveal a positive correlation between subjective psychological well-being and self-esteem, and a negative correlation between anxiety and subjective psychological well-being, and between anxiety and self-esteem. In comparison with the general population, no statistically significant differences were found in anxiety and subjective psychological well-being; however, levels of self-esteem were significantly higher in families with blind children. These results suggest that the process of adaptation described in previous research may be changing, as having a blind child does not necessarily lead to parents' maladjustment. PMID:23578904

Sola-Carmona, Juan Jesús; López-Liria, Remedios; Padilla-Góngora, David; Daza, María Teresa; Sánchez-Alcoba, Manuel Alejandro

2013-06-01

435

PSYCHOLOGY 302 STATISTICAL METHODS IN PSYCHOLOGY SUMMER 2013  

E-print Network

1 PSYCHOLOGY 302 ­ STATISTICAL METHODS IN PSYCHOLOGY SUMMER 2013 Methods) learn a variety of statistical terms and procedures. To successfully LIBRARY COMPUTERS. OVERVIEW Students of Psychology 302 (Statistical

Lockery, Shawn

436

What is Counselling Psychology? Counselling psychology focuses on the emotional,  

E-print Network

What is Counselling Psychology? Counselling psychology focuses on the emotional, social, vocational, educational, health-related, developmental, and organizational concerns as they promote personal the path to becoming a counselling psychologist includes a 4-year undergraduate degree in psychology

Dukas, Reuven

437

Emergency and Abnormal Situations Project Emergency and Abnormal Situations  

E-print Network

the landing gear came down... #12;10 Emergency and Abnormal Situations Issues · Checklist and Procedure-board fire and when the aircraft ditches, conducts a forced landing, or crashes is 17 minutes. The Swissair 426768 During approach...the gear failed to come down...after notifying the tower we had a `Gear

438

Status Projections of Lower Social Strata Pre-Adolescents: A Focus on Some Intervening Social Psychological Factors.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A cluster of social psychological variables--academic motivation, self-concept, and significant others influence--as they intervene between other independent variables and the child's status projections, were examined in this study. Data came from an extensive questionnaire survey, conducted in 1969, of 1,412 lower social strata mother-child

Butler, Richard R.; Baird, Andrew W.

439

Opsoclonus. Pattern of regression in a child with neuroblastoma  

Microsoft Academic Search

A child with opsoclonus associated with occult neuroblastoma is presented, in whom regression of the eye movement disorder through phases of flutter and dysmetria was observed. It is speculated that these ocular motor abnormalities represent a continuum of cerebellar dysfunction. A peculiar dysmetric head movemment not related to saccadic palsy is documented.

P J Savino; J S Glaser

1975-01-01

440

Clemson University Department of Psychology  

E-print Network

Clemson University Department of Psychology ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Psychology Undergraduate Handbook 2014-2015 ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Dr. Pamela Alley www.clemson.edu/psych #12;2 Table of Contents Section I: Psychology Department 4

Duchowski, Andrew T.

441

Sources of Parental Knowledge as Moderators of the Relation Between Parental Psychological Control and Relational and Physical\\/Verbal Aggression  

Microsoft Academic Search

Previous research demonstrates that aspects of parenting interact to influence child adjustment. We aimed to extend this research\\u000a by examining parenting strategies associated with behavioral control, specifically sources of parental knowledge regarding\\u000a child behavior (child disclosure, parental solicitation, parental control), as moderators of the relation between psychological\\u000a control and relational and physical\\/verbal aggression. Our sample included 89 children (56% male),

Alden E. Gaertner; Jamie L. Rathert; Paula J. Fite; Michael Vitulano; Porché T. Wynn; Jennifer Harber

2010-01-01

442

Prevent Child Heatstroke in Cars  

MedlinePLUS

... Confusion or strange behavior Prevent Child Heatstroke in Cars Even great parents can forget a child in ... important rules to prevent child heatstroke in your car: Never Leave a Child Alone in a Car ...

443

UNIVERSITY REPORTING PROTOCOLS: CHILD ABUSE, SEXUAL ASSAULT, AND CHILD PORNOGRAPHY  

E-print Network

UNIVERSITY REPORTING PROTOCOLS: CHILD ABUSE, SEXUAL ASSAULT, AND CHILD PORNOGRAPHY I. Background with respect to child abuse, sexual assault, and child pornography. II. Applicability These protocols apply. B. Child Abuse: Harm or threatened harm to a child's health or welfare that occurs through non

444

PSYCHOLOGY FUNDAMENTALS Course Syllabus  

E-print Network

PSYCHOLOGY FUNDAMENTALS Course Syllabus Fall, 2007 Course: Psych 9A; Psy Beh 11A Lecture: TuTh 2:00­3:20 Code: 68040 Room: PSLH 100 TEXT: Gleitman, Psychology, 7th Edition PROFESSOR: Don Hoffman SECRETARY at http://www.cogsci.uci.edu/ddhoff/HoffmanPubs.html or his book Visual Intelligence (Norton Press, 2000

Stanford, Kyle

445

PSYCHOLOGY FUNDAMENTALS Course Syllabus  

E-print Network

1 PSYCHOLOGY FUNDAMENTALS Course Syllabus Fall, 2014 Course: Psych 9A/Psy Beh 11A Lecture: TuTh 12:30-1:50 Code: 68030/54030 Room: PSLH 100 TEXT: Gleitman, Psychology, 8th Edition PROFESSOR: Don Hoffman's research, you can see his webpage, his publications, his book Visual Intelligence, his paper

Stanford, Kyle

446

Techniques in Adlerian Psychology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book is a collection of classic and recent papers (published between 1964 and 1994) reprinted from the "Journal of Juvenile Psychology""Individual Psychologist," and "Individual Psychology." Each of the five sections is introduced by the editor's comments. "General Techniques" contains the following articles: (1) "I-Thou Relationship Versus…

Carlson, Jon, Ed.; Slavik, Steven, Ed.

447

Study Abroad in Psychology  

E-print Network

Study Abroad in Psychology Studying abroad is increasingly important for psychology majors of global issues gained are critical to the companies' success. Why should I go abroad? Studying abroad that will significantly enhance your studies and career. Some of the potential benefits of going abroad include: Gain

Heller, Barbara

448

The Psychology of Globalization.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines the influence of globalization on psychological functioning, describing globalization worldwide and its psychological consequences. Notes that most people now develop bicultural identities that combine local identity with global culture-related identity. Identity confusion is increasing among young people in non-western cultures because…

Arnett, Jeffrey Jensen

2002-01-01

449

The Psychology of Memory  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this chapter I will try to provide a brief overview of the concepts and techniques that are most widely used in the psychology of memory. Although it may not appear to be the case from sampling the literature, there is in fact a great deal of agreement as to what constitutes the psychology of memory, much of it developed

Alan D. Baddeley

1976-01-01

450

Psychological Dynamics of Sport.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book provides a comprehensive review of the branch of sport and exercise science that focuses on the psychological aspects of human behavior. Part I presents a general orientation to the field, including an introduction and description of sport psychology and a discussion of the history and current status of the field. Individual differences…

Gill, Diane L.

451

Affecting qualitative health psychology  

Microsoft Academic Search

The ‘affective turn’ is a contemporary movement within the humanities, social science, and psychology to investigate affect, emotion, and feeling as hybrid phenomena jointly constituted from both biological and social influences. Health and illness are themselves jointly constituted in this way, and many of the topics, concerns, and methods of health psychology are strongly permeated by affective phenomena. Qualitative research

John Cromby

2011-01-01

452

Respecialization in clinical psychology  

Microsoft Academic Search

Surveyed 371 departments that offer graduate programs in psychology to determine their current respecialization efforts. Program directors from 43 departments indicated that they are currently involved in respecialization efforts, 26 of these in clinical psychology. A 2nd questionnaire was sent to the 149 students identified as having been involved in clinical respecialization, and responses were received from 65. Results show

George Stricker; James W. Hull; Jan Woodring

1984-01-01

453

Psychologism and Instructional Technology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Little of the work in critical and hermeneutical psychology has been linked to instructional technology (IT). This article provides a discussion in order to fill the gap in this direction. The article presents a brief genealogy of American IT in relation to the influence of psychology. It also provides a critical and hermeneutical framework for…

Gur, Bekir S.; Wiley, David A.

2009-01-01

454

Teaching Anomalistic Psychology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses need for anomalistic psychology courses (the occult, astrology, ESP, or those phenomena inexplicable in terms of orthodox science) in the college psychology curriculum. A study of an anomalistics course indicates that student belief in the paranormal was associated with greater learning which was then followed by significant reductions…

Jones, Warren; Zusne, Leonard

1981-01-01

455

Psychology, metapsychology, and psychoanalysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Argues that both purposive and causal perspectives on behavior are essential to a mature psychology. Focus upon the meaning of behavior may be an efficient strategy for using psychoanalytic data but, for other data, process descriptions often seem more useful. It is concluded that the lack of measures in psychology quantifiable on an interval scale prevents energy constructs from having

Paul L. Wachtel

1969-01-01

456

Chromosomal abnormalities associated with omphalocele.  

PubMed

Fetuses with omphalocele have an increased risk for chromosomal abnormalities. The risk varies with maternal age, gestational age at diagnosis, association with umbilical cord cysts, complexity of associated anomalies, and the contents of omphalocele. There is considerable evidence that genetics contributes to the etiology of omphalocele. This article provides an overview of chromosomal abnormalities associated with omphalocele and a comprehensive review of associated full aneuploidy such as trisomy 18, trisomy 13, triploidy, trisomy 21, 45,X, 47,XXY, and 47,XXX, partial aneuploidy such as dup (3q), dup (11p), inv (11), dup (1q), del (1q), dup (4q), dup (5p), dup (6q), del (9p), dup (15q), dup(17q), Pallister-Killian syndrome with mosaic tetrasomy 12p and Miller-Dieker lissencephaly syndrome with deletion of 17p13.3, and uniparental disomy (UPD) such as UPD 11 and UPD 14. Omphalocele is a prominent marker for chromosomal abnormalities. Perinatal identification of omphalocele should alert chromosomal abnormalities and familial unbalanced translocations, and prompt thorough cytogenetic investigations and genetic counseling. PMID:17389182

Chen, Chih-Ping

2007-03-01

457

[A boy with nail abnormalities].  

PubMed

A 12-year-old boy consulted the dermatologist for nail abnormalities. Three weeks earlier, he was treated with doxycycline 100 mg BID for 10 days because of erythema chronicum migrans. Following sun exposure, the patient had developed distal onycholysis surrounded by a hyperpigmented zone. He was diagnosed with doxycycline-induced photo-onycholysis. PMID:23838405

Atiq, Nasirah; van Meurs, Tim

2013-01-01

458

Transcriptional abnormalities in Huntington disease  

Microsoft Academic Search

Huntington disease (HD) is caused by a CAG repeat expansion that is translated into an abnormally long polyglutamine (polyQ) tract in the huntingtin protein. The precise mechanisms leading to neurodegeneration in HD have not been fully elucidated, but alterations in gene transcription could well be involved because the activities of several nuclear proteins are compromised by the polyQ mutation. Recent

Katharine L. Sugars; David C. Rubinsztein

2003-01-01

459

Abnormalities of the optic disc  

Microsoft Academic Search

The optic disc represents the anterior end of the optic nerve, the most forward extension of the central nervous system (CNS). The optic disc gives a rare glimpse into the CNS. Hence, diseases of the CNS are often manifested on fundus examination. Abnormalities of the optic disc may reflect eye disease (such as glaucoma), problems in development (as in various

Alfredo A. Sadun; Michelle Y. Wang

2011-01-01

460

Avian psychology and communication.  

PubMed Central

The evolution of animal communication is a complex issue and one that attracts much research and debate. 'Receiver psychology' has been highlighted as a potential selective force, and we review how avian psychological processes and biases can influence the evolution and design of signals as well as the progress that has been made in testing these ideas in behavioural studies. Interestingly, although birds are a focal group for experimental psychologists and behavioural ecologists alike, the integration of theoretical ideas from psychology into studies of communication has been relatively slow. However, recent operant experiments are starting to address how birds perceive and respond to complex natural signals in an attempt to answer evolutionary problems in communication. This review outlines how a psychological approach to understanding communication is useful, and we hope that it stimulates further research addressing the role of psychological mechanisms in signal evolution. PMID:15306314

Rowe, Candy; Skelhorn, John

2004-01-01

461

Child's Hearing Loss  

MedlinePLUS

... will have many questions and concerns regarding the nature of this problem, its effects on your child?s ... physician?s initial role is to determine the specific nature of the underlying problem that may be at ...

462

Normal Child Behavior  

MedlinePLUS

... age. Development can be uneven, too, with a child's social development lagging behind his intellectual growth, or vice ... preferences, resulting in differing parenting styles that will influence a child's behavior and development. When There Is No Response ...

463

Surviving Your Child's Suicide  

MedlinePLUS

... result of cultural and religious interpretations causes some families to be reluctant to talk openly about the cause of their child’s death. Keeping the cause of death a secret can deprive you of the joy of speaking ...

464

Child Behavior Disorders  

MedlinePLUS

... a death in the family may cause a child to act out. Behavior disorders are more serious. ... The behavior is also not appropriate for the child's age. Warning signs can include Harming or threatening ...

465

Ileostomy and your child  

MedlinePLUS

... of waste (stool, feces, or poop). Now your child has an opening called a stoma in their belly. Waste will pass through the stoma into a pouch that collects it. You and your child will need to take ...

466

Child Dental Health  

MedlinePLUS

Healthy teeth are important to your child's overall health. From the time your child is born, there are things you can do to promote healthy teeth and prevent cavities. For babies, you should clean ...

467

Telepsychiatry and Your Child  

MedlinePLUS

... by the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and by the American Telemedicine Association. Will my ... that there are no available child and adolescent psychiatry resources in the area, and that telepsychiatry is ...

468

Child Health USA 2013  

MedlinePLUS

... Services Utilization Programs and Policies Child Health USA 2013 This Web site has been produced as an ... version of the data book, Child Health USA 2013, published by the U.S. Department of Health and ...

469

Your Child's Immunization Record  

MedlinePLUS

... from the American Academy of Pediatrics. Your Child’s Immunization Record It’s important to keep up-to-date ... vaccination by filling in the date. Record of Immunizations Date Given: Where Given: Reaction: Hepatitis B Rotavirus ...

470

FAQ: Child Sexual Exploitation  

MedlinePLUS

... Law Enforcement Training Victim & Family Support FAQ: Child Sexual Exploitation What is child pornography? Federal law (18 ... in graphic bestiality, sadistic or masochistic abuse or sexual intercourse, including genital-genital, oral-genital, anal-genital ...

471

DEPARTMENTAL CODE Department of Psychology  

E-print Network

DEPARTMENTAL CODE Department of Psychology Colorado State University Approved May 13, 2009 #12........................................................................... 3 II. Mission of the Department of Psychology

472

Intranuclear crystalloids associated with abnormal granules in eosinophilic leukocytes  

SciTech Connect

Ultrastructural evaluation of eosinophilic leukocytes from a 2-yr-old asymptomatic girl with chronic benign neutropenia (CBN) revealed a variety of morphological abnormalities. All eosinophils obtained from blood and marrow specimens contained multiple microcrystalloids in most of the mature cytoplasmic granules. An increase in crystalloid-free, immature granules in late (bilobed nuclei) eosinophils suggested a delay in granule maturation. The eosinophil granules appeared to be of normal size and demonstrated normal acid phosphatase reactivity. Eosinophilic myelocytes contained abnormal cisternae of rough endoplasmic reticulum (RER) and lacked abundant elongated RER cisternae seen in normal cells. A few eosinophilic myelocytes in specimens of bone marrow from the child contained large intranuclear crystalloids measuring up to 3 mu in length. The intranuclear crystalloid contained as cubic lattice of dense material with a periodicity similar to that described for cytoplasmic crystalloids. The ultrastructural morphology of marrow neutrophils was normal, as described in other cases of CBN. Ultrastructural examination of blood eosinophils from the father demonstrated microcrystalloids in cytoplasmic granules identical to those seen in the child. The father was asymptomatic and had normal leukocyte counts. Thus, anomalous crystalloid granule genesis occurred in the father and daughter and was not necessarily associated with neutropenia or clinical symptomatology. This anomaly is associated with the accumulation of intranuclear crystalloid material in eosinophilic myelocytes, which do not appear to be released from the marrow compartment.

Parmley, R.T.; Crist, W.M.; Roper, M.; Takagi, M.; Austin, R.L.

1981-12-01

473

Child Care Subsidies and Child Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Child care subsidies are an important part of federal and state efforts to move welfare recipients into employment. One of the criticisms of the current subsidy system, however, is that it overemphasizes work and does little to encourage parents to purchase high-quality child care. Consequently, there are reasons to be concerned about the…

Herbst, Chris M.; Tekin, Erdal

2010-01-01

474

Helping Your Overweight Child  

MedlinePLUS

... child's overall health and tell you if weight management may be helpful. Don't put your child on a weight-loss diet unless your health care provider tells you to. top ? How can I help my child develop healthy habits? Parents and other caregivers ...

475

Child Care Design Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book provides architects, interior designers, developers, and child-care professionals with detailed information on the planning and design of child care centers. Part 1 examines the current state of child care in the United States and offers an overall philosophical concert--the spirit of place--as the framework for all center design. Part 2…

Olds, Anita Rui

476

Child Care: Who Benefits?  

Microsoft Academic Search

• Arguments for the public funding of child care rest on the claim that it is a public good—that it provides benefits for the individual and for society, and that investment in child care will reap social and economic payoffs. Perhaps the most abiding and persuasive claim, and the focus of this paper, is that good child care is beneficial

Jennifer Buckingham

477

Supporting Each Child's Spirit  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In using developmentally appropriate practices, teachers should intentionally address all aspects of a child's being, the spiritual along with the physical and the cognitive. Because spirituality is a vital part of human nature, a whole-child teaching approach must include the part of the child some call spirituality. Many have attempted to…

Baumgartner, Jennifer J.; Buchanan, Teresa

2010-01-01

478

Four Social Psychological Lenses for Developmental Psychology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

How can the advances of social and developmental psychology be integrated? This conceptual paper proposes to examine four basic theoretical models of social situations through which learning and development have been observed in the post-piagetian tradition: the psychosocial triangle, the frame, models of transfer and transitions, and models…

Zittoun, Tania; Perret-Clermont, Anne-Nelly

2009-01-01

479

Developmental Psychology Psychology 376 (CRN 26381)  

E-print Network

: Prenatal Through Middle Childhood (7 th Edition). Boston, MA: Allyn & Bacon 2. Pearson's My in developmental psychology. A number of themes guide the integration of the material. These themes, which-mail, or write them down during class and give them to me, or talk with me after class, during office hours

Lockery, Shawn

480

James S. Jackson Professor, Department of Psychology  

E-print Network

James S. Jackson Professor, Department of Psychology Director, Institute for Social Research. Jackson is the Daniel Katz Distinguished University Professor of Psychology, Profes- sor of Afroamerican Psychology, the American Psychological Association, the Association of Psychological Sciences, AAAS

Hill, Wendell T.

481

Prevalence and determinants of child maltreatment among high school students in Southern China: A large scale school based survey  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Child maltreatment can cause significant physical and psychological problems. The present study aimed to investigate the prevalence and determinants of child maltreatment in Guangzhou, China, where such issues are often considered a taboo subject. METHODS: A school-based survey was conducted in southern China in 2005. 24 high schools were selected using stratified random sampling strategy based on their districts

Phil WS Leung; William CW Wong; WQ Chen; Catherine SK Tang

2008-01-01

482

Parental Perceptions of Child Vulnerability and Parent Stress as Predictors of Pain and Adjustment in Children With Chronic Arthritis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Parental predictors of child psychological adjustment and pain were investigated in 51 children with arthritis. Children rated depressive symptoms, anxiety, and pain. Disease severity was determined by a physician provided active joint count, as well as a physician's global assessment. Parents rated their own depressive symptoms, stress, and perceptions of child vulnerability. Regression analyses indicated that higher parental perceptions of

Kelly K. Anthony; Maggie H. Bromberg; Karen M. Gil; Laura E. Schanberg

2011-01-01

483

Language Brokering, Autonomy, Parent-Child Bonding, Biculturalism, and Depression: A Study of Mexican American Adolescents from Immigrant Families  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines the relationship between language brokering, parent-child bonding, perceived autonomy, biculturalism, and depression for Mexican American adolescents. It was hypothesized that adolescent language brokers who reported a strong parent-child bond and high levels of psychological autonomy, privilege, and responsibility would also…

Love, Julia A.; Buriel, Raymond

2007-01-01

484

Gender-specific differences in the psychosocial adjustment of parents of a child with duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Research was conducted on parents' experience of caring for a child living with Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD). The focus of this research was on the key psychological aspects of the process of adjustment to the illness of their child (family and spousal relationship, daily life, emotions, career, spirituality, and coping strategies). There was evidence throughout the study of gender-specific differences

Eva M. Tomiak; Andre Samson; Sarah A. Miles; Mireille C. Choquette; Pranesh K. Chakraborty

485

Discursive social psychology now.  

PubMed

This paper reviews the progress of discourse-analytic approaches in social psychology from the late 1980s to the present day, with a particular focus on the way conceptual and methodological contributions from within the Discourse and Rhetoric Group at Loughborough University have negotiated a positive role for innovative studies of language in the discipline of psychology. Social psychology has become a key site for the accumulation of a series of empirical studies that have seen the flourishing of a distinctive form of 'discursive social psychology' that has succeeded in moving from the margins of the discipline to a more accepted position. The paper traces this trajectory of discourse analysis from the limits to the centre of social psychology attending to five features that now characterise its contribution to psychology; an emphasis on everyday conversation, a concern with interpersonal interaction, explication of formal sequences; an insistence on empirical claims; and fidelity to the ethos of its host discipline. The paper concludes with some comments on the wider context of this new approach inside psychology today. PMID:21790666

Parker, Ian

2012-09-01

486

Vanderbilt Child Care Centers The Vanderbilt Child Care Centers are based on the child development model  

E-print Network

needs of each child. ADMISSIONS The Vanderbilt Child Care Centers provide a quality child developmentVanderbilt Child Care Centers PHILOSOPHY The Vanderbilt Child Care Centers are based on the child development model which incorporates the theories of Piaget, Montessori, Erikson, and others. Learning through

Bordenstein, Seth

487

Psychology 395 (1, 2, or 3)--Special Topics in Psychology  

E-print Network

232 Psychology 395 (1, 2, or 3)--Special Topics in Psychology Prerequisite: Permission,inpart,bystudentdemand.Mayberepeated fordegreecreditwithpermissionandifthetopicsare different.Staff. Psychology 403 (3)--Directed Individual Study Prerequisites: Six credits in psychology, junior stand- ing, and permission of the head of the department

Dresden, Gregory

488

Doctoral Study in Applied Developmental Psychology Department of Psychology  

E-print Network

Doctoral Study in Applied Developmental Psychology Department of Psychology University of New Orleans College of Sciences New Orleans, LA With a Ph.D. in Applied Developmental Psychology from professional psychological services. Graduates from our program are currently in academic positions in higher

Kulp, Mark

489

Psychology 685: Practicum in School Psychology Millersville University  

E-print Network

10/2009 Psychology 685: Practicum in School Psychology Millersville University "Getting to Know Your District" Student's Name Practicum Site Practicum Supervisor Section 1: 1. What psychological is the ratio of student/psychologist? 5. Who is in charge of Psychological Services? 6. Do School Psychologists

Hardy, Christopher R.

490

The Department of Psychology A Path into Clinical Psychology  

E-print Network

The Department of Psychology Presents A Path into Clinical Psychology Tuesday, March 18, 2014 5:30 PM ­ 7:00 PM Room 118 Psychology Building This program will provide you insights from graduate students and faculty in the field of clinical psychology. Panel experts will discuss the following: What

Liu, Taosheng

491

Clinical Psychology and Evolutionary Psychology: Toward a Dialogue  

Microsoft Academic Search

The growth of evolutionary psychology as a theoretical framework for the study of human behavior has been spectacular. However, evolutionary psychology has been largely ignored by clinical psychology. This article is an attempt to encourage greater dialogue between the two. First, some of the major principles of evolutionary psychology are outlined, followed by consideration of some of the criticisms that

Richard J. Siegert; Tony Ward

2002-01-01

492

University Psychology Students Having Had Psychology in High School  

Microsoft Academic Search

Does a high school course in psychology influence students to take further work in the subject? Is high school psychology of assistance to those who take psychology in a university? In an attempt to answer these questions, 13 university departments of psychology (Denver, Florida State, Indiana, Iowa, Kentucky, Missouri, North Carolina, North Dakota, Oklahoma, Purdue, Southern California, Texas, Vermont) were

T. L. Engle

1958-01-01

493

Questionnaire for Seniors Majoring in General Psychology, Clinical Psychology, Biopsychology,  

E-print Network

1 Questionnaire for Seniors Majoring in General Psychology, Clinical Psychology, Biopsychology, Engineering Psychology, or Cognitive & Brain Science Congratulations on (almost, at least) completing college and your major in Psychology. We would greatly appreciate your views on your experience with the major

Patel, Aniruddh D.

494

Psychological morbidity among suicide-bereaved and non-bereaved parents: a nationwide population survey  

PubMed Central

Objective To determine how psychological premorbidity affects the risk of depression in parents who lost a child through suicide. Design Population-based survey. Setting Sweden, between 2009 and 2010. Participants All parents who lost a child, age 15–30, through suicide between 2004 and 2007 according to National population registries. Non-bereaved parents matched for age, sex, living area, marital status, number of children. Exclusion criteria: born outside a Nordic country, not Swedish speaking, contact details missing. Participants: 666 of 915 (73%) suicide-bereaved and 377 of 508 (74%) non-bereaved parents. Main outcome measures Depression measured by the nine-item depression scale of the Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9) and study-specific questions to assess psychological premorbidity and experience of the child's presuicidal morbidity. Results In all, 94 (14%) suicide-bereaved and 51 (14%) non-bereaved parents (relative risk 1.0; 95% CI 0.8 to 1.4) had received their first treatment for psychological problems or had been given a psychiatric diagnosis more than 10?years earlier. The prevalence of moderate-to-severe depression was 115 (18%) in suicide-bereaved versus 28 (7%) in non-bereaved parents (RR 2.3; 95% CI 1.6 to 3.5). For those without psychological premorbidity, the relative risk was 2.3 (95% CI 1.4 to 3.6). 339 (51%) suicide-bereaved parents expressed worry over the child's psychological health during the month preceding the suicide and 259 (39%) had anticipated the suicide. Conclusions In parents who lost a child through suicide in Sweden we did not find a higher prevalence of long-term psychological premorbidity than among parents who had not lost a child; the more than twofold risk of depression among the bereaved can probably be explained by the suicide and the stressful time preceding the suicide. PMID:23996818

Omerov, Pernilla; Steineck, Gunnar; Nyberg, Tommy; Runeson, Bo; Nyberg, Ullakarin

2013-01-01

495

The Spacing Principle for Unlearning Abnormal Neuronal Synchrony  

PubMed Central

Desynchronizing stimulation techniques were developed to specifically counteract abnormal neuronal synchronization relevant to several neurological and psychiatric disorders. The goal of our approach is to achieve an anti-kindling, where the affected neural networks unlearn abnormal synaptic connectivity and, hence, abnormal neuronal synchrony, by means of desynchronizing stimulation, in particular, Coordinated Reset (CR) stimulation. As known from neuroscience, psychology and education, learning effects can be enhanced by means of the spacing principle, i.e. by delivering repeated stimuli spaced by pauses as opposed to delivering a massed stimulus (in a single long stimulation session). To illustrate that the spacing principle may boost the anti-kindling effect of CR neuromodulation, in this computational study we carry this approach to extremes. To this end, we deliver spaced CR neuromodulation at particularly weak intensities which render permanently delivered CR neuromodulation ineffective. Intriguingly, spaced CR neuromodulation at these particularly weak intensities effectively induces an anti-kindling. In fact, the spacing principle enables the neuronal population to successively hop from one attractor to another one, finally approaching attractors characterized by down-regulated synaptic connectivity and synchrony. Our computational results might open up novel opportunities to effectively induce sustained desynchronization at particularly weak stimulation intensities, thereby avoiding side effects, e.g., in the case of deep brain stimulation. PMID:25714553

Popovych, Oleksandr V.; Xenakis, Markos N.; Tass, Peter A.

2015-01-01

496

Atlas: Cartilage Abnormalities and Scores  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a The following chapter illustrates cartilage abnormalities and provides semiquantitative scores for these lesions. The focus\\u000a of this chapter is on the most frequently used Recht (modified Noyes and Stabler) score [1, 2] and Whole-Organ-MRI-Score (WORMS)\\u000a [3]. These scores have been used in a number of previous studies and have been found helpful in assessing the grade of cartilage\\u000a lesions, in

Hans Liebl; Thomas M. Link

497

Child abuse: A classic case report with literature review  

PubMed Central

Child abuse and neglect are serious global problems and can be in the form of physical, sexual, emotional or just neglect in providing for the child's needs. These factors can leave the child with serious, long-lasting psychological damage. In the present case report, a 12-year-old orphaned boy was physically abused by a close relative who caused actual bodily and emotional trauma to the boy. After satisfactorily managing the trauma and emotional effects to the patient, in addition to the counseling services provided to the caregiver, the patient made a steady recovery. He was also referred to a child support group for social support, and prepare him together with his siblings for placement in a children's home in view of the hostile environment in which they were living. PMID:24963259

Kemoli, Arthur M.; Mavindu, Mildred

2014-01-01

498

Can Psychology Ethics Effectively Be Integrated into Introductory Psychology?  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study evaluated the integration of psychology ethics into an introductory psychology course. Students in two general\\u000a psychology sections were exposed to an infusion of psychology ethics in teaching, research, and clinical practice, whereas\\u000a students in two sections were exposed to traditional course content. Students completed a pre and post-test assessment including\\u000a a psychology ethics questionnaire and open-ended responses to

Renee’ A. Zucchero

2008-01-01

499

Giving Psychology Away Is Expensive  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents comments on "Does Psychology make a significant difference in our lives?" by P. Zimbardo. We deeply appreciate the documentation and inspiration provided by Zimbardo on how psychology is reaching out to the public by "giving psychology away" (p. 340). We totally agree that psychology has much, much more to offer that could be…

Gorsuch, Richard L.; Wallace, William L.

2005-01-01

500

Undergraduate Programmes School of Psychology  

E-print Network

Undergraduate Programmes School of Psychology We are one of the UK's strongest Psychology as being `internationally excellent', third in the UK. Head of School of Psychology Create impact. #12;Contents Why study Psychology? 3 Our school 3 Our programmes 4 The third year 5 MSci opportunities 6 How

Miall, Chris