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1

The Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology at 25  

Microsoft Academic Search

This issue, redesigned in a new format, marks the beginning of Volume 25, the beginning of the “silver anniversary” year of the Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology. Data were compiled from the first 24 volumes to study changes over time, and Pearson correlations were calculated to determine linear trends in the journal's development The number of articles per volume has

Shari B. Wasserstein; Nadja Lopez; Donald K. Routh

1997-01-01

2

Sluggish cognitive tempo in abnormal child psychology: an historical overview and introduction to the special section.  

PubMed

There has recently been a resurgence of interest in Sluggish Cognitive Tempo (SCT) as an important construct in the field of abnormal child psychology. Characterized by drowsiness, daydreaming, lethargy, mental confusion, and slowed thinking/behavior, SCT has primarily been studied as a feature of Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), and namely the predominately inattentive subtype/presentation. Although SCT is strongly associated with ADHD inattention, research increasingly supports the possibility that SCT is distinct from ADHD or perhaps a different mental health condition altogether, with unique relations to child and adolescent psychosocial adjustment. This introductory article to the Special Section on SCT provides an historical overview of the SCT construct and briefly describes the contributions of the eight empirical papers included in the Special Section. Given the emerging importance of SCT for abnormal psychology and clinical science, there is a clear need for additional studies that examine (1) the measurement, structure, and multidimensional nature of SCT, (2) SCT as statistically distinct from not only ADHD-inattention but also other psychopathologies (particularly depression and anxiety), (3) genetic and environmental contributions to the development of SCT symptoms, and (4) functional impairments associated with SCT. This Special Section brings together papers to advance the current knowledge related to these issues as well as to spur research in this exciting and expanding area of abnormal psychology. PMID:24272365

Becker, Stephen P; Marshall, Stephen A; McBurnett, Keith

2014-01-01

3

Journal of Abnormal Psychology  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article is reprinted from the Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 1965, 70, 1. The Journal of Abnormal Psychology will give priority to articles on problems related to abnormal behavior, broadly defined. The Journal's interests thus include the following: (a) psychopathology--its development or acquisition, its treatment or remission, and its symptomatology and course; (b) normal processes in abnormal individuals; (c) pathological

Howard F. Hunt; William N. Thetford

1965-01-01

4

Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, Vol. 31, No. 4, August 2003, pp. 359370 ( C 2003) Acoustic Startle in Maltreated Children  

E-print Network

Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, Vol. 31, No. 4, August 2003, pp. 359­370 ( C 2003) Acoustic indicates that acoustic startle is enhanced in adult males with posttraumatic stress disorders (PTSD for children with PTSD, we found that maltreated boys, particularly those who had been physically abused

Ison, James R.

5

Abnormal Psychology Psychology 280  

E-print Network

psychopathology perspective to understand: 2.1. risk and protective factors influencing the etiology abnormal behavior in everyday life and we need to gain a better understanding of the etiology, social worker, therapist, etc.) directly rely on having extensive knowledge of psychopathology. #12

Liu, Taosheng

6

Abnormal Psychology, Spring 2008 1 Psychology 350  

E-print Network

Abnormal Psychology, Spring 2008 1 Psychology 350 Abnormal Psychology Spring 2008 N-101 Tuesdays 4 psychology. By the end of the semester, students will be able to: · Discuss extant models of abnormal in Foundation II.B., Social and Behavioral Sciences required." #12;Abnormal Psychology, Spring 2008 2 Course

Gallo, Linda C.

7

"Jeopardy" in Abnormal Psychology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the use of the board game, Jeopardy, in a college level abnormal psychology course. Finds increased student interaction and improved application of information. Reports generally favorable student evaluation of the technique. (CFR)

Keutzer, Carolin S.

1993-01-01

8

COURSE SYLLABUS Psychology 350: Abnormal Psychology  

E-print Network

COURSE SYLLABUS Psychology 350: Abnormal Psychology Spring 2011 Instructor: Dennis P. Saccuzzo, Ph: Abnormal Psychology by Susan Holen-Hoeksema 4th edition This course covers the history, theories.D., J.D. Meeting Times: Wednesday:-6:40pm Professor of Psychology E-Mail: dsaccuzz

Gallo, Linda C.

9

Psychology Faculty Perceptions of Abnormal Psychology Textbooks  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The problem. The purpose of the current study was to investigate the perceptions and opinions of psychology professors regarding the accuracy and inclusiveness of abnormal psychology textbooks. It sought answers from psychology professors to the following questions: (1) What are the expectations of the psychology faculty at a private university of…

Rapport, Zachary

2011-01-01

10

Students' reactions to abnormal psychology  

Microsoft Academic Search

As a result of some concern about the effect of courses in abnormal psychology on students, a questionnaire was presented to several classes at the close of the course. The majority answering the questionnaire felt the course to be beneficial, giving evidence that the study of abnormal psychology need not be generally harmful, and may have a significant place in

W. S. Taylor

1932-01-01

11

Research Report: Students' knowledge of abnormal psychology  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present study aims to compare whether final year psychology students (n = 26) could answer more items on a multiple choice questionnaire (MCQ) correctly on abnormal psychology than prospective psychology candidates (n = 77) and final year engineering students (n = 26). The three groups of students completed MCQs in five different fields of abnormal psychology namely; eating disorders,

Adrian Furnham; Bahman Baluch; Fiona Starr

2003-01-01

12

The present status of abnormal psychology  

Microsoft Academic Search

A statistical analysis of the content of fifteen representative textbooks in abnormal psychology and seven textbooks in psychiatry. It is found that abnormal psychology is a dumping ground for miscellaneous topics left over from general psychology, including sleep, dreams, suggestion, etc. The most conspicuous defect is the lack of experimental material, of which there is only .8%. Another is the

W. A. Hunt; C. Landis

1935-01-01

13

An Abnormal Psychology Community Based Interview Assignment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A course option in abnormal psychology involves students in interviewing and observing the activities of individuals in the off-campus community who are concerned with some aspect of abnormal psychology. The technique generates student interest in the field when they interview people about topics such as drug abuse, transsexualism, and abuse of…

White, Geoffry D.

1977-01-01

14

Child Psychology Child psychology is one of the  

E-print Network

prenatal development through adolescence. Child psychology deals not only with how children grow physically, but with their mental, emotional and social development, as well. www.uwindsor.ca/psychology A Rigorous, Enriching frequently studied specialty areas. This particular branch focuses on the mind and behaviour of children from

15

William McDougall and abnormal psychology  

Microsoft Academic Search

In William McDougall psychology had a staunch systematist able to integrate the abnormal and the normal within a single conceptual whole. He was not greatly interested in the classification of mental diseases, except as he found it necessary to consider \\

J. Q. Holsopple

1939-01-01

16

Schizophrenogenic Parenting in Abnormal Psychology Textbooks.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Considers the treatment of family causation of schizophrenia in undergraduate abnormal psychology textbooks. Reviews texts published only after 1986. Points out a number of implications for psychologists which arise from the inclusion in these texts of the idea that parents cause schizophrenia, not the least of which is the potential for…

Wahl, Otto F.

1989-01-01

17

Teaching Abnormal Psychology in a Multimedia Classroom.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines the techniques used in teaching an abnormal psychology class in a multimedia environment with two computers and a variety of audiovisual equipment. Students respond anonymously to various questions via keypads mounted on their desks, then immediately view and discuss summaries of their responses. (MJP)

Brewster, JoAnne

1996-01-01

18

Some of the present problems of abnormal psychology  

Microsoft Academic Search

Discusses the problems surfacing in the field of abnormal psychology. Abnormal psychology has thrown much light on the mechanisms of normal mental processes, for disease dissects the mind and brings into view the mechanisms. In the department of medicine, it has furnished an intelligible explanation of many unexplained derangements of the mind. The problems of abnormal psychology are largely the

Morton Prince

1905-01-01

19

Social and Abnormal Psychology Textbooks: An Objective Analysis.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Provides feature and content analyses of 14 social and 17 abnormal psychology full-length textbooks from 1995-98 that are available for undergraduate psychology courses. Provides instructors of these courses a means for more informed text selection. (CMK)

Christopher, Andrew N.; Griggs, Richard A.; Hagans, Chad L.

2000-01-01

20

Doug MacLellan 2014 Child Psychology  

E-print Network

with how children grow physically, but with their mental, emotional and social development, as well. www and behaviour of children from prenatal development through adolescence. Child psychology deals not only within the Developmental Psychology program that focuses on child and adolescent development. Courses

21

Child and Family Psychology Programme School of Health Sciences  

E-print Network

Child and Family Psychology Programme School of Health Sciences University of Canterbury CHILD AND FAMILY PSYCHOLOGY PROGRAMME (Postgraduate Diploma in Child and Family Psychology) The limited entry stage of the Child and Family Psychology programme consists of a twenty-seven month Postgraduate Diploma in Child

Hickman, Mark

22

Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, Vol. 31, No. 1, February 2003, pp. 105120 ( C 2003) The Effect of Methylphenidate on Three Forms  

E-print Network

control in Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (AD/HD), and (b) studying dose-response relations inhibition; inhibitory control; methylphenidate. INTRODUCTION Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (AD/HD) is one of the most common child psychiatric disorders. In the fourth edition of the Diagnostic

Scheres, Anouk

23

Child and Family Psychology Programme School of Health Sciences  

E-print Network

Child and Family Psychology Programme School of Health Sciences University of Canterbury CHILD - Child and Family Psychology Program. Mailing address: Location: School of Health Sciences Private Bag AND FAMILY PSYCHOLOGY PROGRAMME (Postgraduate Diploma in Child and Family Psychology) The limited entry stage

Hickman, Mark

24

Video Taping and Abnormal Psychology: Dramatized Clinical Interviews.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Students in an abnormal psychology course worked in teams to produce dramatizations of diagnostic interviews and then presented them in class. Positive and negative aspects of the activity are discussed. (RM)

Lyons, Michael J.; And Others

1984-01-01

25

Disappearances, Silences, and Anxious Rhetoric: Gender in Abnormal Psychology Textbooks  

Microsoft Academic Search

Viewed from a feminist perspective, the history of clinical psychology reveals a troubled—and troubling—relationship to women. Diagnoses and treatments have sometimes served to control and even victimize women. Over the past 25 years, feminist scholarship, activism, and practice have yielded impressive contributions to knowledge. Yet, these accomplishments go largely unnoticed in textbooks in abnormal psychology. Why the resistance? Looking beyond

Jeanne Marecek

1993-01-01

26

Little Albert from the Viewpoint of Abnormal Psychology Textbook Authors.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Watson and Rayner's study of Little Albert and conditioned emotional reactions is unquestionably a classic in psychology. Observations are made on what authors of 27 college textbooks in abnormal psychology have to say or not to say about Little Albert. (RM)

LeUnes, Arnold

1983-01-01

27

Transforming Coverage of Primary Prevention in Abnormal Psychology Courses.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Maintains that a comprehensive understanding of abnormal psychology requires coverage of recent advances in primary prevention. Describes a conceptual scheme and recommends resources and teaching methods for instructors. Asserts that clinical and community psychology are conceptually distinct but complementary fields. (CFR)

Dalton, James H.; And Others

1994-01-01

28

Students' Evaluation of Writing Assignments in an Abnormal Psychology Course.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents a study in which students in an abnormal psychology class rated the usefulness of drafts for two writing assignments. Reports that a research proposal was more effective than a case study in generating interest in psychology and opportunity for creativity. Concludes that writing assignments should reflect important aspects of a…

Procidano, Mary E.

1991-01-01

29

PREDOCTORAL EXTERNSHIPS IN CHILD PSYCHOLOGY  

E-print Network

, and Bipolar Disorder in adolescents. All children and adolescents in the day treatment program receive Children's Hospital of New York and the Department of Child Psychiatry at New York State Psychiatric the supervision of licensed psychologists. Children's Day Unit General Outpatient Child and Adolescent

Salzman, Daniel

30

Developmental Issues in Child Health Psychology  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article attempts to illustrate the importance of a developmental perspective in child health psychology. Research is reviewed relating motor, cognitive, and psychosocial development to exposure to health hazards, to an understanding of behavior-health relationships, to the assumption of personal responsibility for health, and to behavioral and emotional responses to illness and injury. In presenting this model of integration between

James E. Maddux; Michael C. Roberts; Elizabeth A. Sledden; Logan Wright

1986-01-01

31

PSYCHOLOGY 280: ABNORMAL PSYCHOLOGY Summer 2014 -Section 101  

E-print Network

of psychological disorders, the prevalence of psychopathology, the etiological factors contributing email is answered promptly. COURSE OVERVIEW This course will provide a broad overview of the etiological bases, defining characteristics, and treatment of adult psychopathology. The course will cover a wide

Liu, Taosheng

32

Therapy for Child Psychological Maltreatment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research of childhood psychological maltreatment has documented a range of severe and long-lasting difficulties for children who experience this type of abuse. Consequences can include but are not limited to emotional and behavioural problems, low self-esteem, and relationship difficulties. Accordingly, the development of therapy programs to…

Leeson, Fiona; Nixon, Reginald D. V.

2010-01-01

33

Child development and evolutionary psychology  

E-print Network

Evolutionary developmental psychology involves the expression of evolved, epigenetic programs, as described by the developmental systems approach, over the course of ontogeny. There have been different selection pressures on organisms at different times in ontogeny, and some characteristics of infants and children were selected in evolution to serve an adaptive function at that time in their life history rather than to prepare individuals for later adulthood. Examples of such adaptive functions of immaturity are provided from infancy, play, and cognitive development. Most evolved psychological mechanisms are proposed to be domain specific in nature and have been identified for various aspects of children’s cognitive and social development, most notably for the acquisition of language and for theory of mind. Differences in the quality and quantity of parental investment affect children’s development and influence their subsequent reproductive and childcare strategies. Some sex differences observed in childhood, particularly as expressed during play, are seen as antecedents and preparations for adult sex differences. Because evolved mechanisms were adaptive to ancestral environments, they are not always adaptive for contemporary people, and this mismatch of evolved mechanisms with modern environments is seen in children’s maladjustment to some aspects of formal schooling. We argue that an evolutionary perspective can be valuable for developing a better understanding of human ontogeny in contemporary society and that a developmental perspective is important for a better understanding of evolutionary psychology.

David F. Bjorklund; Anthony D. Pellegrini

2000-01-01

34

Child development and evolutionary psychology.  

PubMed

Evolutionary developmental psychology involves the expression of evolved, epigenetic programs, as described by the developmental systems approach, over the course of ontogeny. There have been different selection pressures on organisms at different times in ontogeny, and some characteristics of infants and children were selected in evolution to serve an adaptive function at that time in their life history rather than to prepare individuals for later adulthood. Examples of such adaptive functions of immaturity are provided from infancy, play, and cognitive development. Most evolved psychological mechanisms are proposed to be domain specific in nature and have been identified for various aspects of children's cognitive and social development, most notably for the acquisition of language and for theory of mind. Differences in the quality and quantity of parental investment affect children's development and influence their subsequent reproductive and childcare strategies. Some sex differences observed in childhood, particularly as expressed during play, are seen as antecedents and preparations for adult sex differences. Because evolved mechanisms were adaptive to ancestral environments, they are not always adaptive for contemporary people, and this mismatch of evolved mechanisms with modern environments is seen in children's maladjustment to some aspects of formal schooling. We argue that an evolutionary perspective can be valuable for developing a better understanding of human ontogeny in contemporary society and that a developmental perspective is important for a better understanding of evolutionary psychology. PMID:11194266

Bjorklund, D F; Pellegrini, A D

2000-01-01

35

The Therapeutic Function of the Instructor in Abnormal Psychology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes three main types of therapeutic problems which college instructors of abnormal psychology courses may encounter with their students. Students may seek the instructor's assistance in helping a relative or acquaintance or for self-help. Often a student may not seek help but may display pathological behavior. (AM)

Halgin, Richard P.

1982-01-01

36

Personality and Examination Score Correlates of Abnormal Psychology Course Ratings.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The relationship between the ratings students assigned to an evening undergraduate abnormal psychology class and their scores on objective personality tests and course examinations was investigated. Students (N=70) completed the MMPI and made global ratings of the course; these scores were correlated separately by sex with the T scores of 13 MMPI…

Pauker, Jerome D.

37

Altering Attitudes toward Suicide in an Abnormal Psychology Course.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The article describes a report stemming from the development and application of a Suicide Opinion Questionnaire (SOQ)--a 100 item attitudinal and factual instrument designed to cover a wide range of suicidal concerns. Subjects of the study were 17 college students drawn at random from 89 students enrolled in an abnormal psychology course. Results…

Domino, George

1980-01-01

38

Use of Drama Students as "Clients" in Teaching Abnormal Psychology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the use of drama students to role play subjects of case studies in simulations of standard interviews in a college-level abnormal psychology class. Graduate drama students role-played clients in interviews with instructors or student panels. After the interviews, class discussion covered alternative possible diagnoses and possible…

Gilliland, Kirby

1982-01-01

39

Personality adjustment and the study of abnormal psychology  

Microsoft Academic Search

Rorschach story-completion test and autobiographical data were obtained from 21 students in an abnormal psychology class and 22 students in a history class, both at the beginning and the end of the semester. Comparisons of the pre- and post-test data \\

Eugene S. Mills

1955-01-01

40

The Image of Women in Abnormal Psychology: Professionalism versus Psychopathology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A survey of sex stereotyping in photographs was made of major current-edition textbooks of abnormal psychology published in the United States. In photographs of contributors to the field women were significantly underrepresented, amounting to less that 5 percent of the contributors pictured. (Author)

Harris, Ben; Lightner, Jean

1980-01-01

41

The Teaching of Abnormal Psychology through the Cinema.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes abnormal psychology course centered around films which include "King of Hearts,""A Woman Under the Influence,""David and Lisa,""In Cold Blood," and "The Boys in the Band." Each film deals with a fundamental concept such as psychopathology, neurosis, psychosis, insanity, and sexuality. (KC)

Nissim-Sabat, Denis

1979-01-01

42

Journal of Abnormal Psychology The Everyday Emotional Experience of Adults With Major  

E-print Network

Journal of Abnormal Psychology The Everyday Emotional Experience of Adults With Major Depressive: Examining Emotional Instability, Inertia, and Reactivity. Journal of Abnormal Psychology. Advance online Disorder: Examining Emotional Instability, Inertia, and Reactivity Renee J. Thompson, Jutta Mata, Susanne M

Jonides, John

43

Child Diagnostic Assessment: Current Training Practices in Clinical Psychology Internships  

Microsoft Academic Search

We surveyed clinical psychology internships with particular regard to current practices in training child diagnostic assessment: proportion of interns’ time spent in child versus adult experiences, child assessment versus other types of child experiences, and didactic versus direct clinical experience. Information concerned the frequency of assessment experience with various age levels, types of clinical problems, and specific test instruments. We

Jean C. Elbert; E. Wayne Holden

1987-01-01

44

Compulsory Schooling, Child Study, Clinical Psychology, and Special Education: Origins of School Psychology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the history of school psychology, emphasizing the work of L. Witmer (1897, 1907, 1910, 1922) and G. S. Hall (1911, 1923). Providing psychological services in the schools is among the earliest instances of applied psychology. School psychology was one of many child-saving services originating from 1890 to 1920. (SLD)

Fagan, Thomas K.

1992-01-01

45

Journal of Abnormal Psychology 1999. Vol. 108, No. 3, 453-464  

E-print Network

Journal of Abnormal Psychology 1999. Vol. 108, No. 3, 453-464 Copyright 1999 by the American Psychological Association, Inc. 0021-843X/99/$3.M) Toward an Evolutionary Taxonomy of Treatable Conditions Leda an evolutionary taxonomy of treatable conditions. Abnormal psychology has two distinct but related identities: (a

Cosmides, Leda

46

The psychological impact of cryptic chromosomal abnormalities diagnosis announcement.  

PubMed

This qualitative study aims to describe the psychological impact of the diagnosis announcement of pathogenic Copy Number Variations (pCNVs). We performed semi-structured interviews of 60 parents of 41 affected children and 5 geneticists who announced the diagnoses. The diagnosis of the best characterized microdeletion syndromes, often defined by patronymic names (e.g. Williams syndrome), is generally made on a clinical basis by geneticists and confirmed by fluorescence in situ hybridization analysis. Chromosomal microarray, on the contrary, can allow the disclosure of rare pCNVs named after cytogenetic formulas, with poorly known clinical consequences: this makes doctors feel less confident with these diagnosis announcements. The disclosure of pCNVs named after cytogenetic formulas does not facilitate the parental mental representation of the disease, leading some parents to call into question the genotype-phenotype correlation or the very notion of a diagnosis. The announcement of inherited pCNVs can increase the feeling of parental guilt; the disclosure of de novo pCNVs can induce a feeling of "breakage" in the mental representation of the parent-child vertical transmission. In conclusion, our study shows that the disclosure of pCNVs has a significant psychological impact: a multidisciplinary approach to the diagnosis announcement, including a psychological support, should be systematically warranted. PMID:24055527

Houdayer, Françoise; Gargiulo, Marcela; Frischmann, Martine; Labalme, Audrey; Decullier, Evelyne; Cordier, Marie-Pierre; Dupuis-Girod, Sophie; Lesca, Gaetan; Till, Marianne; Sanlaville, Damien; Edery, Patrick; Rossi, Massimiliano

2013-11-01

47

Personality Theory, Abnormal Psychology, and Psychological MeasurementA Psychological Behaviorism  

Microsoft Academic Search

Behaviorism, because it has not had a theory of personality, has been separated from the rest of psychology, unable in large part to draw from or contribute to it. Traditional psychology has not had a theory of personality that says what personality is, how it comes about, or how it functions. An antagonism has resulted that weakens rather than complements

Arthur W. Staats

1993-01-01

48

Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey Douglass Psychology Child Study Center  

E-print Network

Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey Douglass Psychology Child Study Center 26 Nichol Avenue:__________________________ Relationship to child: _______________________ Address: ________________________ Other adult(s) authorized _____________________________________ and the Douglass (Parent/Guardian Name) Psychology Child Study Center for services

Garfunkel, Eric

49

Teaching Abnormal Psychology to Improve Attitudes toward Mental Illness and Help-Seeking  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Abnormal psychology instructors often use traditional and personal methods to educate students about and improve student attitudes toward mental illness and professional help-seeking. Data from abnormal psychology students (N = 190) were used to determine if and how students' attitudes toward mental illness and professional help-seeking attitudes…

Kendra, Matthew S.; Cattaneo, Lauren B.; Mohr, Jonathan J.

2012-01-01

50

Abnormal and social psychology in the life and work of William James  

Microsoft Academic Search

James' formal and academic participation in abnormal psychology was more significant than its extensiveness might suggest. He asserted that the exceptional interprets the usual, and that the abnormal may be the misunderstood or the unappreciated. James was often absorbed in practical social interest, and his general psychological theory was suited to the explanation of social phenomena. He was specifically concerned

H. D. Spoerl

1942-01-01

51

Constructivist psychology of child abuse and implications for psychotherapy  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reviews constructivist and related literature on child abuse and psychotherapy. Constructivist psychology, with its emphasis on the personal, socially embedded construction of meaning, is uniquely situated to contribute to humanistic psychotherapy for child victims and adult survivors. Conversely, work with abused clients deepens our understanding of developmental meaning?making processes and the social ecologies of meaning within which they

Stephanie Lewis Harter

2001-01-01

52

PSYCHOLOGY 424: CHILD AND FAMILY PSYCHOPATHOLOGY Summer 2013 -Section 101  

E-print Network

1 PSYCHOLOGY 424: CHILD AND FAMILY PSYCHOPATHOLOGY Summer 2013 - Section 101 Tuesdays is the best way to reach me directly. COURSE OVERVIEW This course will focus on the theories, etiological bases, and treatment of child and family psychopathology. The course will cover a wide variety of topics

Liu, Taosheng

53

A Brief History of the Development of Abnormal Psychology: A Training Guide. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presented for practitioners is a history of the development of abnormal psychology. Areas covered include the following: Early medical concepts, ideas carried over from literature, early treatment of the mentally ill, development of the psychological viewpoint, Freud's psychoanalytic theory, Jung's analytic theory, the individual psychology of…

Phelps, William R.

54

From the closet to the classroom: Homosexuality in abnormal psychology and sociology of deviance textbooks  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article examines the role of contemporary academic sociology and psychology in the development and maintenance of public attitudes towards homosexuality, by investigating the presentation of homosexuality in abnormal psychology and sociology of deviance textbooks. The sample consisted of the latest editions of 22 psychology and 8 sociology textbooks; all were published in the United States and are currently in

Rose Weitz

1982-01-01

55

PhD Project: `Normal' and `abnormal' climates: understanding their social, psychological and statistical constructions  

E-print Network

PhD Project: `Normal' and `abnormal' climates: understanding their social, psychological, a definition that can be used to isolate normal or abnormal weather in a statistical sense. Individuals by scientific understanding and media practices (Hulme et al., in press). Definitions of normal and abnormal

Hulme, Mike

56

Journal of Abnormal Psychology Copyright 1997 by the American Psychological Association, Inc. 1997, Vol. 106, No. 1, 95-103 0021-843X/97/$3.00  

E-print Network

Journal of Abnormal Psychology Copyright 1997 by the American Psychological Association, Inc. 1997 emotional inhibitionmay influence psychological functioning. Emotion regulation and dysregulation figure dysregulation (American Psychiatric Association, 1994; see also Thoits, 1985). Thus, for example, major de

Gross, James J.

57

Compulsory Schooling, Child Study, Clinical Psychology, and Special Education: Origins of School Psychology  

Microsoft Academic Search

The historical development of school psychology is discussed in the context of circumstances and individuals significant to its origins. The contributions of Witmer’s clinical psychology and Hall’s child study demonstrate how early forms of school psychology evolved from their conceptualizations. Even though the specialty did not achieve a stable national identity until the second half of the 20th century, the

Thomas K. Fagan

1992-01-01

58

The Clinician's "World of Action" as an Approach to Teaching Abnormal Psychology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents a description of an undergraduate abnormal psychology course developed from a theory of instruction and active student participation, the theoretical basis for the course, student course evaluation, and an interpretation of the students' performances. (Author/CK)

Bibace, Roger; And Others

1979-01-01

59

Student Expectations of Course Content Affect Faculty Evaluations in an Abnormal Psychology Course.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a study measuring how student expectations of an abnormal psychology course affect their rating of professors. Findings showed a significant impact, especially in relation to popularized topics. Recommends evaluative instruments separating course-related factors from instructor ratings. (CK)

Bock, Frances A.

1979-01-01

60

Capturing Students' Attention: Movie Clips Set the Stage for Learning in Abnormal Psychology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents results of a study that evaluated using popular movie clips, shown in the first class meeting of an abnormal psychology course, in relation to student enthusiasm. Compares two classes of female juniors, one using clips and one class not using them. States that the films portrayed psychological disorders. (CMK)

Badura, Amy S.

2002-01-01

61

Use of Virtual Reality Technology to Enhance Undergraduate Learning in Abnormal Psychology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We examined whether using virtual reality (VR) technology to provide students with direct exposure to evidence-based psychological treatment approaches would enhance their understanding of and appreciation for such treatments. Students enrolled in an abnormal psychology course participated in a VR session designed to help clients overcome the fear…

Stark-Wroblewski, Kim; Kreiner, David S.; Boeding, Christopher M.; Lopata, Ashley N.; Ryan, Joseph J.; Church, Tina M.

2008-01-01

62

Proportionate Responses to Life Events Influence Clinicians' Judgments of Psychological Abnormality  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Psychological abnormality is a fundamental concept in the "Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders" ("DSM-IV-TR"; American Psychiatric Association, 2000) and in all clinical evaluations. How do practicing clinical psychologists use the context of life events to judge the abnormality of a person's current behaviors? The appropriate…

Kim, Nancy S.; Paulus, Daniel J.; Gonzalez, Jeffrey S.; Khalife, Danielle

2012-01-01

63

Multiple Regression Analyses in Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A major form of data analysis in clinical child and adolescent psychology is multiple regression. This article reviews issues in the application of such methods in light of the research designs typical of this field. Issues addressed include controlling covariates, evaluation of predictor relevance, comparing predictors, analysis of moderation,…

Jaccard, James; Guilamo-Ramos, Vincent; Johansson, Margaret; Bouris, Alida

2006-01-01

64

CLINICAL POSTDOCTORAL FELLOWSHIP IN CHILD PSYCHOLOGY New York Presbyterian Hospital  

E-print Network

CLINICAL POSTDOCTORAL FELLOWSHIP IN CHILD PSYCHOLOGY New York Presbyterian Hospital Children of children and adolescents with a wide range of psychiatric disorders. The intern's responsibilities include are inpatients in the Childrens Day Hospital and small adolescent unit at New York State Psychiatric Institute

Salzman, Daniel

65

Sport Psychology Consultants as Agents of Child Protection  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to assess the experiences and perceived knowledge base of sport psychology consultants (SPCs) with respect to issues of child protection. A mixed-method research design was employed: 75 SPCs completed an online questionnaire, and 8 expert SPCs participated in semi-structured interviews. Data gleaned from the questionnaire were analyzed descriptively, and interview data were analyzed through

Ashley Stirling; Gretchen Kerr

2010-01-01

66

Minnesota Symposia on Child Psychology, Volume 9.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book is a collection of six papers presented at a 1974 University of Minnesota symposium on child development. The six chapters deal with language acquisition, visual perception, effects of television viewing, the Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS), problem-solving strategies, and Piagetian concepts related to social development. The first…

Pick, Anne D., Ed.

67

PSYCHOLOGY 376 CHILD DEVELOPMENT Fall 2010  

E-print Network

that is of real interest to you ­ something you have always wanted to know about young children. Students of child development. We will cover many aspects of physical, cognitive/intellectual, and social/emotional to attend the lectures and spend a substantial amount of time outside of class (reading and studying) to do

Lockery, Shawn

68

The psychology of a prodigious child  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recorded the psychological and physical measurements and personal history of an 8.3-yr old prodigious boy. The Stanford revision of the Simon-Binet Scale was used to measure general intelligence. The S's mental age was found to be 15 yrs and 7 mo, and his IQ was 187. He showed extraordinary appreciation for the use of words, and shades of differences in

Charlotte G. Garrison; Agnes Burke; Leta S. Hollingworth

1917-01-01

69

Biography and Role Playing: Fostering Empathy in Abnormal Psychology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses a means for increasing undergraduate and graduate students' level of empathy. Assigned students to write about and role play a character that they create who suffers from a psychological disorder. Explains that after quantitative and qualitative analyses it was demonstrated that students' empathy increased. (CMK)

Poorman, Paula B.

2002-01-01

70

Abnormal psychology as a selective factor: A confirmation and extension  

Microsoft Academic Search

Course content rather than psychology, per se, is the selective factor in enrollment. Students in 4 college courses were compared as to emotional conflict measured by the Cornell Index, Form N-2. As the presumed amount of morbidity increased in courses, greater maladjustment was shown by the students who selected the course. From Psyc Abstracts 36:01:1KD92W.

Leon M. Wise

1959-01-01

71

PSY 350 Spring 2011 Page 1 of 5 ABNORMAL PSYCHOLOGY  

E-print Network

and nature of "abnormality." We will examine a wide range of psychopathology as well as the theoretical perceptions (and misperceptions) of psychopathology COURSE OBJECTIVES After completing this course students, including the primary symptoms, etiological theories, and treatment approaches associated with each disorder

Gallo, Linda C.

72

Rev 1.0 Psychology 202 Winter 2012 Pg. 1 ***!!READ THIS WHOLE THING!!***  

E-print Network

is an introduction to psychological research methods, child and adult development, personalityRev 1.0 Psychology 202 Winter 2012 Pg. 1 ***!!READ THIS WHOLE THING!!*** PSYCHOLOGY- cultural models of human adaptation, and abnormal-clinical psychology. This course

Lockery, Shawn

73

A meta-analysis of the relationship of child sexual abuse to adult psychological adjustment  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reports on meta-analyses of the relations of child sexual abuse to adult psychological adjustment. Results indicated statistically significant relationships between the experience of child sexual abuse and subsequent difficulties in psychological adjustment as measured by psychological symptomatology, depression, and self-esteem. Significant heterogeneity occurred across studies using a variety of different subject populations, research designs, and assessment methods. Some

Shan A. Jumper

1995-01-01

74

Adult AttachmentA Mediator Between Child Sexual Abuse and Later Psychological Adjustment  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigated the nature of the relationship between child sexual abuse, adult attachment style as measured by the Relationship Questionnaire, and psychological adjustment as measured by the Trauma Symptom Inventory. Participants were 307 female university students, including 85 women with a history of child sexual abuse. Results indicated that a history of child sexual abuse predicted both psychological adjustment

DIANE N. ROCHE; MARSHA G. RUNTZ; MICHAEL A. HUNTER

1999-01-01

75

Teaching a Course in Abnormal Psychology and Behavior Intervention Skills for Nursing Home Aides.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes an 11-week course given at a nursing home to nursing home aides that focused on abnormal psychology and behavior intervention skills. Discusses the course goals, class composition, and course description. Addresses the problems and issues encountered with teaching this course to a nontraditional population in an unconventional setting.…

Glenwick, David S.; Slutzsky, Mitchel R.; Garfinkel, Eric

2001-01-01

76

A Case-Conference Exercise to Facilitate Understanding of Paradigms in Abnormal Psychology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article we describe an in-class case-conference exercise designed to enhance the teaching of paradigms in abnormal psychology courses. The primary pedagogical goals are to increase awareness of how paradigms are applied in real-life settings; better distinguish between paradigms; and recognize how paradigms influence understanding of…

Lafosse, Jose M.; Zinser, Michael C.

2002-01-01

77

The effect of an abnormal psychology course on students' attitudes toward mental illness  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Opinions about Mental Illness Scale was administered at the beginning and end of the semester to an abnormal psychology class (38 men, 32 women) and to a control class of sociology students (60 men, 67 women). 5 attitudes were measured: Authoritarianism, Unsophisticated Benevolence, Mental Hygiene Ideology, Social Restrictiveness, and Interpersonal Etiology. Analysis of covariance revealed that changes which could

Frank Costin; William D. Kerr

1962-01-01

78

A Volunteer Program for Abnormal Psychology Students: Eighteen Years and Still Going Strong.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A volunteer experience in abnormal psychology is described. The program has been operating for 18 years, and student reactions have been quite positive. The program augments the traditional course offerings and provides reciprocal service for the University of Alabama and mental health facilities. Guidelines for implementing a volunteer program…

Scogin, Forrest; Rickard, Henry C.

1987-01-01

79

Family, Friends, and Self: The Real-Life Context of an Abnormal Psychology Class.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents results from a survey of students in two sections of an abnormal psychology course. Assessed the number of students who had firsthand exposure to a psychiatric disorder (friend, family member, or themselves), the nature of the relationship, the average number of personal relationships with people with psychiatric disorders, and the…

Connor-Greene, Patricia A.

2001-01-01

80

Values-Oriented Public Policy Forums: Active Learning in Abnormal Psychology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Students in an undergraduate course in abnormal psychology annually employ a cooperative active learning model to conduct a 4- to 6-day, values-oriented public policy forum (PPF) within the class itself on a general topic of concern to the field of mental health. A comprehensive and structured five-phase model for a PPF is detailed for course…

Hevern, Vincent W.

81

The mentally ill witch in textbooks of abnormal psychology: Current status and implications of a fallacy  

Microsoft Academic Search

The psychopathological interpretation of demonology, witchcraft, and possession states that demonology replaced psychiatric knowledge and practice in the Middle Ages and that the mentally ill were subsequently misidentified as witches and demoniacs. This model has been discredited, but its persistence is demonstrated by an examination of 20 textbooks in abnormal psychology published between 1978 and 1981. Almost all authors endorsed

Thomas J. Schoeneman

1984-01-01

82

Beyond the Sponge Model: Encouraging Students' Questioning Skills in Abnormal Psychology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Argues that educators should provide students with explicit training in asking critical questions. Describes a training strategy taught in abnormal psychology courses at Bowling Green State University (Ohio). Based on a pre- and post-test, results support the promise of using explicit questioning training in promoting the evaluative aspects of…

Keeley, Stuart M.; Ali, Rahan; Gebing, Tracy

1998-01-01

83

Psychology is the study of human and animal behavior (normal and abnormal) and the psychological, social, and biological processes related to behavior. The undergraduate program in psychology at UNL  

E-print Network

Psychology is the study of human and animal behavior (normal and abnormal) and the psychological, social, and biological processes related to behavior. The undergraduate program in psychology at UNL is designed to provide you with exposure to many core areas of psychology. You also have the oppor- tunity

Logan, David

84

Parent Prediction of Child Mood and Emotional Resilience: The Role of Parental Responsiveness and Psychological Control  

PubMed Central

Research consistently shows low to moderate agreement between parent and child reports of child mood, suggesting that parents are not always the best predictors of child emotional functioning. This study examines parental responsiveness and psychological control for improving prediction of early adolescent mood and emotional resilience beyond parent report of child emotional functioning. Participants were 268 early adolescents administered measures of depression symptoms, emotional resilience, and perceptions of parenting. Parents of participating youth completed measures of youth emotional functioning. Parental responsiveness and psychological control each emerged as family variables that may be of value for predicting child emotional functioning beyond parent reports. Specifically, responsiveness explained significant variance in child depression and resilience after accounting for parent reports, while parental psychological control increased prediction of child mood alone. Results generally suggest that parenting behaviours may be an important consideration when children and parents provide discrepant reports of child emotional well-being. Conceptual and clinical implications of these results are discussed. PMID:22110912

Boughton, Kristy L.; Lumley, Margaret N.

2011-01-01

85

Developmental Psychology Developmental psychology  

E-print Network

Developmental Psychology Developmental psychology is concerned with both physical and psychological changes throughout life-- from conception until death. www.uwindsor.ca/psychology A Rigorous, Enriching Program Developmental Psychology is a specialized major within Psychology that focuses on child

86

Psy 3604 Abnormal Psychology (3 cr.) (call # 12480) Fall 2003 Class Meetings: 2:30-3:45 p.m. TTh, 325 Science Classroom Building  

E-print Network

Psy 3604 Abnormal Psychology (3 cr.) (call # 12480) Fall 2003 Class Meetings: 2:30-3:45 p.m. TTh (Psy 3617, Introduction to Clinical Psychology). Text V. M. Durand & D. H. Barlow. Abnormal Psychology of abnormal behavior. Emphasis will be placed on an empirical view. The bulk of the course will cover

Grove, William M.

87

Journal of Abnormal Psychology Copyright 1996 by the American Psychological Association, Inc. 1996~Vol. 105, No. 1, 81-88 0021-843 X/96/$3.00  

E-print Network

Journal of Abnormal Psychology Copyright 1996 by the American Psychological Association, Inc. 1996~Vol. 105, No. 1, 81-88 0021-843 X/96/$3.00 Language Production and Thought Disorder in Schizophrenia the relationship between languageproduction (LP) processesand thought disorder. Thirty

88

Evaluation of Small Student-Led Discussion Groups as an Adjunct to a Course in Abnormal Psychology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents data related to student involvement in biweekly student-led discussion groups in an undergraduate abnormal psychology course. Evaluates the degree to which students felt they benefited from discussion groups composed of similar and dissimilar students. (Author/AV)

White, Geoffry D.

1978-01-01

89

Abnormal Vagal Cholinergic Function and Psychological Behaviors in Irritable Bowel Syndrome Patients A Hospital-Based Oriental Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) patients inWestern countries usually manifest autonomic nervedysfunctions and abnormal psychological behaviors. Thepurpose of this study was to assess whether Oriental IBS patients with predominant bowel symptomsalso exhibited similar abnormalities. We enrolled 40 IBSpatients from the outpatient clinic and 20 controls withnormal daily bowel habit for study. The IBS patients were further divided according totheir predominant bowel

Chi-Teh Lee; Tien-Yow Chuang; Ching-Liang Lu; Chih-Yen Chen; Full-Young Chang; Shou-Dong Lee

1998-01-01

90

Children Conceived by Gamete Donation: Psychological Adjustment and Mother-child Relationships at Age 7  

PubMed Central

An increasing number of babies are being born using donated sperm, where the child lacks a genetic link to the father, or donated eggs, where the child lacks a genetic link to the mother. This study examined the impact of telling children about their donor conception on mother-child relationships and children’s psychological adjustment. Assessments of maternal positivity, maternal negativity, mother-child interaction and child adjustment were administered to 32 egg donation, 36 donor insemination and 54 natural conception families with a 7-year-old child. Although no differences were found for maternal negativity or child adjustment, mothers in non-disclosing gamete donation families showed less positive interaction than mothers in natural conception families suggesting families may benefit from openness about the child’s genetic origins. PMID:21401244

Golombok, Susan; Readings, Jennifer; Blake, Lucy; Casey, Polly; Mellish, Laura; Marks, Alex; Jadva, Vasanti

2011-01-01

91

Applying a Behavioral Epidemiology Framework to Research Phases in Child Health Psychology  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to apply a behavioral epidemiology framework reported in J. F. Sallis, N. Owen, and M. J. Fotheringham (2000) to the field of child health psychology and describe the resulting distribution of research phases. Recent volumes of the Journal of Pediatric Psychology were analyzed and their articles classified as belonging to one of five sequentially-ordered

Kenneth P. Tercyak; Marilyn L. Sampilo; Mira Brancu; Mark Beck-Hyman; Agnes Browne; Doee Kitessa; Sowmya Prahlad; Lauren Wine; Randi Streisand

2006-01-01

92

Effective Consultation in Educational and Child Psychology Practice: Professional Training for Both Competence and Capability  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

How should applied psychology practitioners be prepared to meet an increasingly challenging and unpredictable working context? This article explores some of the key current issues for educational and child psychology practitioners and their professional trainers in the UK with regard to the topic of effective consultation. The article argues that…

Kennedy, Emma Kate; Cameron, R. J.; Monsen, Jeremy

2009-01-01

93

Psychology 350 Abnormal Psychology  

E-print Network

disorders Chap. 12 12 11/17 Psychotic disorders 11/19-21 Personality disorders Chap. 13 13 11, and treatment 10/17 Integrative theory 8 10/20-22 Anxiety disorders Chap. 6 10/24 Mood disorders Chap. 8 9 10/27 Mood disorders 10/29-31 Substance abuse disorders, impulse control Chap. 9, 13 disorders (pg. 465

Gallo, Linda C.

94

Parent-child relationships, parental psychological control, and aggression: maternal and paternal relationships.  

PubMed

Few studies have examined both maternal and paternal parenting practices in the prediction of child outcomes despite evidence that underscores the salience of fathers throughout their children's development. This study examined the role of the quality of mother-child and father-child relationships in buffering the influence of ineffective parenting practices on subsequent adolescent aggression. Measures of parental psychological control, the quality of the parent-child relationship, and youth aggressive behavior were completed by 163 (49 % female) mostly White and Asian adolescents and their parents during the eighth and ninth grades. Paternal psychological control predicted aggression when adolescents perceived low-quality relationships with their mothers. Similarly, maternal psychological control predicted aggression when adolescents perceived low-quality relationships with their fathers. Maternal psychological control was also associated with lower levels of aggression among adolescent males who reported a high-quality relationship with their father. These findings indicate that, when one parent exerts psychological control, the low-quality relationship the adolescent shares with the opposite gender parent increases risk for adolescent aggression. The findings also suggest that, as mothers exert psychological control, the high-quality parent-child relationship a son shares with his father decreases risk for adolescent aggression. PMID:24072564

Murray, Kantahyanee W; Dwyer, Kathleen M; Rubin, Kenneth H; Knighton-Wisor, Sarah; Booth-LaForce, Cathryn

2014-08-01

95

Psychological Distress, Social Withdrawal, and Coping Following Receipt of an Abnormal Mammogram Among Different Ethnicities: A Mediation Model  

PubMed Central

Purpose/Objectives To explore ethnic differences in psychological distress and social withdrawal after receiving an abnormal mammogram result and to assess if coping strategies mediate ethnic differences. Design Descriptive correlational. Setting Two urban mobile mammography units and a rural community hospital in the state of Washington. Sample 41 Latina and 41 non-Latina Caucasian (NLC) women who had received an abnormal mammogram result. Methods Women completed standard sociodemographic questions, Impact of Event Scale–Revised, the social dimension of the Psychological Consequences Questionnaire, and the Brief COPE. Main Research Variables Ethnicity, psychological distress, social withdrawal, and coping. Findings Latinas experienced greater psychological distress and social withdrawal compared to NLC counterparts. Denial as a coping strategy mediated ethnic differences in psychological distress. Religious coping mediated ethnic differences in social withdrawal. Conclusions Larger population-based studies are necessary to understand how ethnic differences in coping strategies can influence psychological outcomes. This is an important finding that warrants additional study among women who are and are not diagnosed with breast cancer following an abnormal mammogram. Implications for Nursing Nurses may be able to work with Latina patients to diminish denial coping and consequent distress. Nurses may be particularly effective, given cultural values concerning strong interpersonal relationships and respect for authority figures. PMID:25158657

Molina, Yamile; Beresford, Shirley A.A.; Espinoza, Noah; Thompson, Beti

2014-01-01

96

Clinical and molecular cytogenetic studies in ring chromosome 5: report of a child with congenital abnormalities.  

PubMed

We report here a child with a ring chromosome 5 (r(5)) associated with facial dysmorphology and multiple congenital abnormalities. Fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH) using bacterial artificial chromosome (BAC) clones was performed to determine the breakpoints involved in the r(5). The 5p deletion extended from 5p13.2-3 to 5pter and measured 34.61 Mb (range: 33.7-35.52 Mb) while the 5q deletion extended from 5q35.3 to 5qter and measured 2.44 Mb (range: 2.31-2.57 Mb). The patient presented signs such as microcephaly, hypertelorism, micrognathia and epicanthal folds, partially recalling those of a deletion of the short arm of chromosome 5 and the "cri-du-chat" syndrome. The most striking phenotypic features were the congenital heart abnormalities which have been frequently reported in deletions of the distal part of the long arm of chromosome 5 and in rings leading to a 5q35-5qter deletion. However, the NKX2-5 gene, which has been related to congenital heart defects, was not deleted in our patient, nor presumably to some other patients with 5q35.3-5qter deletion. We propose that VEGFR3, deleted in our patient, could be a candidate gene for the congenital heart abnormalities observed. PMID:22193390

Basinko, Audrey; Giovannucci Uzielli, Maria Luisa; Scarselli, Gloria; Priolo, Manuela; Timpani, Giuseppina; De Braekeleer, Marc

2012-02-01

97

THE MENTALLY RETARDED CHILD, A PSYCHOLOGICAL APPROACH. MCGRAW-HILL SERIES IN PSYCHOLOGY.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

PRESENTING A PSYCHOLOGICAL APPROACH TO MENTAL RETARDATION, THIS TEXT BEGINS WITH A DISCUSSION OF THEORIES OF INTELLIGENCE, PROBLEMS OF DEFINITION, AND THE CURRENT STATUS OF THE FIELD OF MENTAL RETARDATION. A SECTION ON ETIOLOGY AND SYNDROMES PRESENTS INFORMATION ON GENETIC FACTORS AND GENETIC SYNDROMES AND THE PHYSICAL AND PSYCHOLOGICAL

ROBINSON, HALBERT B.; ROBINSON, NANCY M.

98

Theory and Method in Life-Span Development Psychology Implications for Child Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper elucidates the implications of life-span developmental psychology for theory and method in the field of child development. Emphasis is given to three theoretical issues: (1) historical-evolutionary versus ontogenetic components of change, (2) the role of chronological age, and (3) continuity versus discontinuity in the description and…

Stein, Aletha H.; Baltes, Paul B.

99

Roots and Wings: How Attachment and Temperament Shape Development. Revolutionary Studies in Child Psychology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Summaries of four studies in child psychology reveal that children's attachment to caregivers depends on physical contact more than food; secure attachment to loving caregivers provides a base from which children explore and learn; children's separation behaviors reveal much about their attachment relationship; and children are born with traits…

Thurber, Christopher A.

2003-01-01

100

Hearing Children's Voices: True Empathy in Child Psychology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Olivia Lima writes in this article that because she is not trained as a therapist or counselor, but rather as a researcher in cognitive development, she cannot speak to the clinical role of empathy. However she does consider empathy central to her work teaching Child Psychology. Keeping that in mind, she begins her first class by telling the…

Lima, Olivia K.

2013-01-01

101

Multisystemic Therapy for Child Non-Externalizing Psychological and Health Problems: A Preliminary Review  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Multisystemic therapy (MST) is effective for decreasing or preventing delinquency and other externalizing behaviors and increasing prosocial or adaptive behaviors. The purpose of this project was to review the literature examining the efficacy of MST for other child psychological and health problems reflecting non-externalizing behaviors,…

Pane, Heather T.; White, Rachel S.; Nadorff, Michael R.; Grills-Taquechel, Amie; Stanley, Melinda A.

2013-01-01

102

Psychological Abuse between Parents: Associations with Child Maltreatment from a Population-Based Sample  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: This study examined the association between partner psychological abuse and child maltreatment perpetration. Methods: This cross-sectional study examined a population-based sample of mothers with children aged 0-17 years in North and South Carolina (n = 1,149). Mothers were asked about the occurrence of potentially neglectful or abusive…

Chang, Jen Jen; Theodore, Adrea D.; Martin, Sandra L.; Runyan, Desmond K.

2008-01-01

103

Telling Parents Their Child's Weight Status: Psychological Impact of a Weight-Screening Program  

Microsoft Academic Search

OBJECTIVE. This was a descriptive study examining the psychological impact of a school- based, weight-screening intervention that included feedback to parents. METHODS. Children from years 3 and 6 (6 -7 and 10 -11 years old) in London schools were measured in school, and parents were sent information on the child's weight status. Children and parents completed questionnaires 6 weeks before

Chloe Grimmett; Helen Croker; Susan Carnell; Jane Wardle

2010-01-01

104

Physical and Psychological Implications of Risky Child Labor: A Study in Sylhet City, Bangladesh  

Microsoft Academic Search

In Bangladesh, children are accustomed to working in industrial and manufacturing plants, small scale factories, metal works, construction, as well as in many informal sector activities. Based on a survey conducted in Sylhet city, this study found that child workers are suffering from different physical and psychological problems and that more than half of them receive their medical assistance from

Mohammad Nashir Uddin; Mohammad Hamiduzzaman; Bernhard G. Gunter

2009-01-01

105

The Child Athlete: Psychological Implications of Participation in Sport  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article is directed at those parents and other adults who are responsible for the design and philos ophy of the competitive sports program for the 30 million of our children who are now actively competing. It is hoped that by pointing out a number of the important dangers present in competitive sports, certain psychological and social traumas may be

Bruce Ogilvie

1979-01-01

106

Urban ecological structure and perceived child and adolescent psychological disorder  

Microsoft Academic Search

This research examined the distribution and ecological correlates of referrals of children and adolescents to the Regional Children's Centre, a psychological assessment and treatment centre located in Windsor, Ontario, Canada. Referral data were collected by the Regional Children's Centre for the study period April 1992 through March 1994. The ecological structure of the study area was derived using principal components

James A. Leclair; Frank C. Innes

1997-01-01

107

Spring 2008 Psychology of Infant and Child Development  

E-print Network

psychology with particular emphasis on the period from infancy through childhood. Dominant theories with fetal development and concluding with biological and social development in middle childhood. The course development, their historical influences, and how they affect the interpretation of experimental findings

Gallo, Linda C.

108

Every Child Matters: Can Educational Psychology Contribute to Radical Reform?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This is a time of radical change for all services working with children in the UK. For educational psychologists recent publications outlining government strategy have created an urgent need to consider future directions that go well beyond those discussed in the Department for Education and Employment (DfEE, 2000) report on educational psychology

Baxter, Joan; Frederickson, Norah

2005-01-01

109

Every child matters: Can educational psychology contribute to radical reform?  

Microsoft Academic Search

This is a time of radical change for all services working with children in the UK. For educational psychologists recent publications outlining government strategy have created an urgent need to consider future directions that go well beyond those discussed in the Department for Education and Employment (DfEE, 2000) report on educational psychology services. In this paper we suggest that decisions

Joan Baxter; Norah Frederickson

2005-01-01

110

Child and Family Intervention Science Psychology 610, Spring 2010  

E-print Network

of child and adolescent psychopathology. The final weeks of the quarter will focus on specialized treatment interventions for children, adolescents and families. The seminar is designed for individuals interested literature on effective interventions for children, adolescents and families; 5) A critical perspective

Lockery, Shawn

111

The long-term psychological effects of child sexual abuse  

Microsoft Academic Search

Work on the long-term mental health sequels of child sexual abuse in Britain and Canada, in relation to family context, is reviewed. It is argued that the Canadian data show that sexual abuse in childhood is quite prevalent for both males and females, and is particularly prevalent in dysfunctional families. Such abuse often has a negative impact on self-esteem, and

Christopher Bagley

1991-01-01

112

Chapman, L. J., & Chapman, J. P. (1967). Genesis of popular but erroneous diagnostic observations. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 72, 193-204.  

E-print Network

. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 72, 193-204. Dietterich, T. (1989). Limitations on inductive learning formation. Journal of Experimental Psychology, 65, 63-69. Wisniewski, E. (1989). Learning from examples: General Learning Press. Kelley, H. (1983). The process of causal attribution. America Psychologist, 107

Pazzani, Michael J.

113

Relationship of prenatal cocaine exposure and maternal postpartum psychological distress to child developmental outcome  

PubMed Central

Maternal cocaine use during pregnancy can affect the infant directly through toxic effects or indirectly through cocaine’s influence on maternal psychological status. We followed 160 cocaine exposed and 56 nonexposed infants and their mothers identified at birth through interview and/or urine screen. Although cocaine exposure defined the groups, infant exposure to alcohol, marijuana, and tobacco was allowed to vary. Infants were 99% African American and poor. All mothers completed the Brief Symptom Inventory (BSI) and infants were given the Bayley Scales of Mental (MDI) and Motor (PDI) Development at a mean corrected age of 17 ± 8 months. Both MDIs (94 ± 17 vs. 103 ± 16) and PDIs (101 ± 16 vs. 108 ± 12) were lower for cocaine exposed infants. Psychological distress was greater in cocaine using mothers. Hierarchical multiple regression was used to assess the relative effects of gestational age, maternal psychological distress, and cocaine and polydrug exposure on infant outcomes. Both psychological distress and cocaine and alcohol exposure predicted lower MDIs after controlling for prematurity. Neither psychological distress nor alcohol exposure predicted motor outcome, while cocaine had a significant effect. Tobacco and marijuana exposure were unrelated to outcome. These findings provide further support for direct effects of cocaine and alcohol on infant development, as well as highlight the need for studies to document maternal psychological factors, which may increase child risk for poorer outcomes. PMID:9327234

SINGER, LYNN; ARENDT, ROBERT; FARKAS, KATHLEEN; MINNES, SONIA; HUANG, JIE; YAMASHITA, TOYOKO

2014-01-01

114

Urban ecological structure and perceived child and adolescent psychological disorder.  

PubMed

This research examined the distribution and ecological correlates of referrals of children and adolescents to the Regional Children's Centre, a psychological assessment and treatment centre located in Windsor, Ontario, Canada. Referral data were collected by the Regional Children's Centre for the study period April 1992 through March 1994. The ecological structure of the study area was derived using principal components analysis of a set of socio-economic indicator variables from the 1991 Census of Canada and a cluster analysis of component scores. Referral rates were calculated for each ecological area for two referral subgroups; modi/conduct/stress-related concerns and neurophysiologically based concerns. The distribution of referrals was tested using the Poisson probability test. This test revealed that, for both subgroups analysed, the distribution of referrals in the study area was non-random. Stepwise multiple regression revealed a significant ecological relationship between the mood/conduct/stress-related concerns referral rate and the ecological structure of the study area. No such relationship was found, however, when examining referrals for neurophysiologically based concerns. PMID:9178409

Leclair, J A; Innes, F C

1997-06-01

115

An Introduction to Child Maltreatment: A Five-Unit Lesson Plan for Teachers of Psychology in Secondary Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This curriculum was designed to provide teachers of psychology in secondary schools with information concerning teaching about child maltreatment. The materials contain information about child abuse and neglect that they can incorporate into their teaching. The curriculum contains a procedural outline that includes five lesson plans targeting the…

Miller-Perrin, Cindy L.

116

2013-2014 Degree Plan: B.S. PSYCHOLOGY Name______________________________________ ID#_____________________________ Phone __________________  

E-print Network

OR Social Psychology PSY 4334 OR PSY 3310³ Lifespan Development OR Child Development PSY 4343 Abnormal2013-2014 Degree Plan: B.S. PSYCHOLOGY Name______________________________________ ID PSY 2301 Introduction to Psychology PSY 2317 OR STAT/MATH1342 Statistics for Psychology Statistical

O'Toole, Alice J.

117

The Impact of Child-Related Stressors on the Psychological Functioning of Lower-Income Mothers After Hurricane Katrina  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the present study, the authors examined the role of child-related stressors in the psychological adjustment of lower-income, primarily unmarried and African American, mothers (N = 386). All participants lived in areas affected by Hurricane Katrina, and about a third were also exposed to Hurricane Rita (30.3%, n = 117). Lacking knowledge of a child’s safety during the hurricanes was

Sarah R. Lowe; Christian S. Chan; Jean E. Rhodes

2011-01-01

118

A Prospective Investigation of the Relationship Between Child Maltreatment and Indicators of Adult Psychological Well-Being  

PubMed Central

The study of psychological well-being will advance understanding of child maltreatment effects and resilience processes. In this study, the mean level of anger in adulthood was significantly higher for those identified 3 decades earlier as having been maltreated. Mean levels of self-esteem, autonomy, purpose in life, perceived (fewer) constraints, and happiness and satisfaction were lower for those who were maltreated according to child welfare reports. Officially recorded child maltreatment was moderately (r < .30) correlated with several psychological well-being indicators and predictive of adult anger, self-esteem, autonomy, and happiness/life satisfaction, after accounting for childhood SES, gender, and other sources of data on child abuse and neglect. Parent-reported abusive disciplining also uniquely predicted several outcomes, as did a measure of observed child neglect to a lesser extent. PMID:23155725

Herrenkohl, Todd I.; Klika, J. Bart; Herrenkohl, Roy C.; Russo, M. Jean; Dee, Tamara

2012-01-01

119

Prenatal Exposure to Air Pollution, Maternal Psychological Distress, and Child Behavior  

PubMed Central

BACKGROUND: Airborne polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) are pollutants generated by combustion of fossil fuel and other organic material. Both prenatal PAH exposure and maternal psychological distress during pregnancy have each been associated with neurodevelopmental problems in children. The goal was to evaluate potential interactions between prenatal exposure to airborne PAHs and maternal psychological distress during pregnancy on subsequent behavioral problems in children. METHODS: In a longitudinal birth cohort study, 248 children of nonsmoking white women in the coal-burning region of Krakow, Poland, were followed from in utero until age 9. Prenatal PAH exposure was measured by personal air monitoring during pregnancy, maternal demoralization during pregnancy by the Psychiatric Epidemiology Research Instrument–Demoralization, and child behavior by the Child Behavior Checklist. RESULTS: Significant interactions between maternal demoralization and PAH exposure (high versus low) were identified for symptoms of anxious/depressed, withdrawn/depressed, social problems, aggressive behavior, internalizing problems, and externalizing problems. The effects of demoralization on syndromes of anxious/depressed, withdrawn/depressed, rule-breaking, aggressive behavior, and the composite internalizing and externalizing scores were seen only in conjunction with high PAH exposure. Fewer significant effects with weaker effect sizes were observed in the low-PAH-exposure group. CONCLUSIONS: Maternal demoralization during pregnancy appears to have a greater effect on child neurobehavioral development among children who experienced high prenatal PAH exposure. The results provide the first evidence of an interaction between prenatal exposure to maternal demoralization and air pollution on child neurobehavioral development, indicating the need for a multifaceted approach to the prevention of developmental problems in children. PMID:24101766

Wang, Shuang; Rauh, Virginia; Zhou, Hui; Stigter, Laura; Camann, David; Jedrychowski, Wieslaw; Mroz, Elzbieta; Majewska, Renata

2013-01-01

120

Psychological distress and substance use by adolescent mothers: associations with parenting attitudes and the quality of mother-child interaction.  

PubMed

This study examines associations between psychological distress and alcohol and drug use across the first five years of raising a child and parenting quality at child age six for 185 adolescent mothers. Overall, alcohol and other drug use in this sample was relatively low, but drug use was associated with more mother-reported unrealistic expectations of child behavior and more attributions of child intent to annoy parent by misbehaving. Maternal psychological distress was associated with maternal reports of negative control (yelling, pushing, spanking, etc.), and alcohol use moderated the association between psychological distress and negative control. At low levels of alcohol use, more maternal distress was associated with greater negative control; at higher levels of alcohol use, maternal distress was not related to negative control, but the absolute level of negative control was similar to that reported by more distressed mothers. Neither psychological distress nor alcohol and other drug use were related to maternal behavior during an interaction task. Overall, much stronger associations with parenting outcomes were found for an index of maternal vocabulary, compared with maternal psychological distress or maternal alcohol and other drug use. PMID:11333005

Spieker, S J; Gillmore, M R; Lewis, S M; Morrison, D M; Lohr, M J

2001-01-01

121

Are There Gender-Specific Pathways from Early Adolescence Psychological Distress Symptoms toward the Development of Substance Use and Abnormal Eating Behavior?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of the present longitudinal community study was to test whether psychological distress at 13 years of age predicted reported substance use problems in boys and abnormal eating behavior in girls 2 years later. The sample consisted of 500 male and 576 female students. The use of substances was evaluated using a semi-structured interview,…

Beato-Fernandez, Luis; Rodriguez-Cano, Teresa; Pelayo-Delgado, Esther; Calaf, Myralys

2007-01-01

122

Abnormal Cerebral Cortical Neurons in a Child With Maternal PKU Syndrome  

Microsoft Academic Search

A child born to a phenylketonuric (PKU) woman not on dietary treatment was microcephalic and had congenital heart and other physical anomalies consistent with the maternal PKU syndrome. After a repeat cardiac catherization at 3 months of age, he suffered an embolic left cerebral infarct and seizures. He was found by his mother dead in bed at 4 months of

Daniel J. Lacey; Kornel Terplan

1987-01-01

123

Child Rights as a Framework for Advancing Professional Standards for Practice, Ethics, and Professional Development in School Psychology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The United Nations (1989) Convention on the Rights of the Child was designed to promote and protect the survival, development, and well-being of children, thus extending human rights to individuals from birth to age 18. This article examines the consistency of the Articles of the Convention with the professional standards for school psychology, as…

Nastasi, Bonnie Kaul; Naser, Shereen

2014-01-01

124

PRECURSORS AND CORRELATES OF WOMEN'S VIOLENCE: CHILD ABUSE TRAUMATIZATION, VICTIMIZATION OF WOMEN, AVOIDANCE COPING, AND PSYCHOLOGICAL SYMPTOMS  

Microsoft Academic Search

Path modeling assessed (a) the influence of child abuse traumatization on women's use of violence and their experiences of being victimized, (b) the association of these three variables to depressive and posttraumatic stress symptoms, and (c) the indirect pathways from women using violence and their being victimized to psychological symptoms through avoidance coping. Among 108 primarily African American women recruited

Tami P. Sullivan; Katharine J. Meese; Suzanne C. Swan; Carolyn M. Mazure; David L. Snow

2005-01-01

125

The Effects of Social Background Factors on Psychological Orientations and Child Rearing Patterns of Interracially Married Mothers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents the results of a research study on the effects of social background factors on psychological orientations and child rearing patterns of interracially married mothers, both black and white. Data were gathered in interviews with 64 interracial couples. Background information reviewed on the interracially married mothers includes:…

Long, Margo Alexandre

126

Longitudinal Effects of Divorce on the Quality of the Father-Child Relationship and on Fathers' Psychological Well-Being.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

States that the effect of divorce on the quality of the father-child relationship and fathers' psychological well being is moderated by the residence of children. Divorce is associated with lower relationship quality only for nonresident fathers and is associated with a decline in happiness for nonresident fathers. Divorced fathers are more…

Shapiro, Adam; Lambert, James David

1999-01-01

127

Precursors and Correlates of Women's Violence: Child Abuse Traumatization, Victimization of Women, Avoidance Coping, and Psychological Symptoms  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Path modeling assessed (a) the influence of child abuse traumatization on women's use of violence and their experiences of being victimized, (b) the association of these three variables to depressive and posttraumatic stress symptoms, and (c) the indirect pathways from women using violence and their being victimized to psychological symptoms…

Sullivan, Tami P.; Meese, Katharine J.; Swan, Suzanne C.; Mazure, Carolyn M.; Snow, David L.

2005-01-01

128

Brain imaging in normal and abnormal brain development: new perspectives for child psychiatry  

Microsoft Academic Search

Non-invasive brain imaging permits the study of normal and abnormal brain development in childhood and adolescence. This paper summarizes current knowledge of brain development for healthy adolescents and for patients with childhood-onset schizophrenia (COS), a rare form of the disorder. The implications of these findings are explored. Cross-sectional and longitudinal brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) studies are reviewed. The pattern

Nitin Gogate; Jay Giedd; Kristin Janson; Judith L. Rapoport

2001-01-01

129

The Impact of Child-Related Stressors on the Psychological Functioning of Lower-Income Mothers After Hurricane Katrina.  

PubMed

In the present study, the authors examined the role of child-related stressors in the psychological adjustment of lower-income, primarily unmarried and African American, mothers (N = 386). All participants lived in areas affected by Hurricane Katrina, and about a third were also exposed to Hurricane Rita (30.3%, n = 117). Lacking knowledge of a child's safety during the hurricanes was a significant predictor of heightened postdisaster psychological distress and posttraumatic stress, even after controlling for demographic variables, predisaster psychological distress, evacuation timing, and bereavement. From interviews with a subset of the participants (n = 57), we found that mothers consistently put their own needs behind those of their children. The authors recommend policies that promptly reunite mothers with missing children and support lower-income mothers in caring for their children during natural disasters and the aftermath. PMID:22383861

Lowe, Sarah R; Chan, Christian S; Rhodes, Jean E

2011-10-01

130

Pathways from parental AIDS to child psychological, educational and sexual risk: developing an empirically-based interactive theoretical model.  

PubMed

Increasing evidence demonstrates negative psychological, health, and developmental outcomes for children associated with parental HIV/AIDS illness and death. However, little is known about how parental AIDS leads to negative child outcomes. This study used a structural equation modelling approach to develop an empirically-based theoretical model of interactive relationships between parental or primary caregiver AIDS-illness, AIDS-orphanhood and predicted intervening factors associated with children's psychological distress, educational access and sexual health. Cross-sectional data were collected in 2009-2011, from 6002 children aged 10-17 years in three provinces of South Africa using stratified random sampling. Comparison groups included children orphaned by AIDS, orphaned by other causes and non-orphans, and children whose parents or primary caregivers were unwell with AIDS, unwell with other causes or healthy. Participants reported on psychological symptoms, educational access, and sexual health risks, as well as hypothesized sociodemographic and intervening factors. In order to build an interactive theoretical model of multiple child outcomes, multivariate regression and structural equation models were developed for each individual outcome, and then combined into an overall model. Neither AIDS-orphanhood nor parental AIDS-illness were directly associated with psychological distress, educational access, or sexual health. Instead, significant indirect effects of AIDS-orphanhood and parental AIDS-illness were obtained on all measured outcomes. Child psychological, educational and sexual health risks share a common set of intervening variables including parental disability, poverty, community violence, stigma, and child abuse that together comprise chain effects. In all models, parental AIDS-illness had stronger effects and more risk pathways than AIDS-orphanhood, especially via poverty and parental disability. AIDS-orphanhood and parental AIDS-illness impact child outcomes through multiple, interlinked pathways. The interactive model developed in this study suggests key areas of focus for interventions with AIDS-affected children. PMID:23631794

Cluver, Lucie; Orkin, Mark; Boyes, Mark E; Sherr, Lorraine; Makasi, Daphne; Nikelo, Joy

2013-06-01

131

The handicapped child: psychological effects of parental, marital, and sibling relationships.  

PubMed

Although the nature and severity of a handicapping condition are not the sole determinants of family functioning, the presence of a child with a pervasive developmental disorder has a significant effect on family members. Maternal mental health suffers, and the resulting depression affects her role as mother and marriage partner. Unlike other handicapping conditions with obvious physical stigmata, the invisible handicap of the autistic child and the frequent delay in diagnosis contribute to the mother's self-doubt about her parental competence. While the impact on paternal psychological health is less, the fathers of autistic children are nevertheless highly stressed and appear to be particularly vulnerable to the stress generated by these difficult children. Living within this family climate, the risks for emotional and behavioral problems for siblings must be evaluated, along with their intrinsic strengths, to plan preventive interventions for these children. Effective work with these families requires an understanding of the evolution of family system problems and their dynamic and reciprocal interaction over time. PMID:1828565

Fisman, S; Wolf, L

1991-03-01

132

Multisystemic therapy for child non-externalizing psychological and health problems: a preliminary review.  

PubMed

Multisystemic therapy (MST) is effective for decreasing or preventing delinquency and other externalizing behaviors and increasing prosocial or adaptive behaviors. The purpose of this project was to review the literature examining the efficacy of MST for other child psychological and health problems reflecting non-externalizing behaviors, specifically difficulties related to child maltreatment, serious psychiatric illness [Serious psychiatric illness was defined throughout the current review paper as the "presence of symptoms of suicidal ideation, homicidal ideation, psychosis, or threat of harm to self or others due to mental illness severe enough to warrant psychiatric hospitalization based on the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry (Level of care placement criteria for psychiatric illness. American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Washington, DC, 1996) level of care placement criteria for psychiatric illness" (Henggeler et al. in J Am Acad Child Psy 38:1331-1345, p. 1332, 1999b). Additionally, youth with "serious emotional disturbance (SED)" defined as internalizing and/or externalizing problems severe enough to qualify for mental health services in public school who were "currently in or at imminent risk of a costly out-of-home placement" (Rowland et al. in J Emot Behav Disord 13:13-23, pp. 13-14, 2005) were also included in the serious psychiatric illness category.], and health problems (i.e., obesity and treatment adherence for diabetes). PubMed, Web of Science, MEDLINE, and PsycINFO databases; Clinicaltrials.gov; DARE; Web of Knowledge; and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials were searched; and MST developers were queried to ensure identification of all relevant articles. Of 242 studies identified, 18 met inclusion criteria for review. These were combined in a narrative synthesis and critiqued in the context of review questions. Study quality ratings were all above mean scores reported in prior reviews. Mixed support was found for the efficacy of MST versus other treatments. In many cases, treatment effects for MST or comparison groups were not sustained over time. MST was efficacious for youth with diverse backgrounds. No studies discussed efficacy of MST provided in different treatment settings. Four studies found MST more cost-effective than a comparison treatment, leading to fewer out-of-home placements for youth with serious psychiatric illness or lower treatment costs for youth with poorly controlled diabetes. PMID:23385370

Pane, Heather T; White, Rachel S; Nadorff, Michael R; Grills-Taquechel, Amie; Stanley, Melinda A

2013-03-01

133

[Etiologic diagnosis and behaviour when confronted with abnormal hair growth in a child].  

PubMed

Knowledge of the physiology of hair follicle growth and its relationship to the endocrine and the metabolic system is essential in understanding abnormalities in hair development or hirsutism. Although there is no sexual dysmorphism in the distribution of hair follicles, there are many factors that induce hair growth. The first clinical measure is to differentiate all the intrinsic causes from auxologic and normal psychomotor development related to ethnic, racial and hereditary differences (generalized congenital or idiopathic hypertrichosis) and congenital causes within the context of a multi-malformation syndrome in which hirsutism is associated with mental retardation (Cornélia de Lange's syndrome), major hypotrophy (leprechaunism) or with abnormalities of the limbs (Rubinstein Taybi's syndrome or mucopolysaccharidosis). In these cases, the hormone balance is normal and genetic and/or metabolic explorations are required. Secondly, virilism may occur with hirsutism combining pubis and axillary hair growth, hypertrophy of the clitoris, and android characteristics. This results from hyperandrogenia with increased circulation of plasma androgens. Dynamic hormone tests (ACTH test and dectanyl suppression test), together with sonography help to determine the adrenal (hyperplasia, more frequent than tumors), gonadic (tumors, cysts or gonadic dysgenesis) or paraneoplastic origins (choriocarcinoma). In practice, most hirsutism is considered as idiopathic. PMID:12223965

Pienkowski, C; Gayrard-Cros, M

2002-05-01

134

Child Abuse: Implications for Child Development and Psychopathology. Second Edition. Developmental Clinical Psychology and Psychiatry, Volume 10.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book examines the role child abuse plays within a victim's individual development from childhood through their adult life. It begins by describing the different types of child abuse, prevalence rates, and risk factors. It also describes four types of child maltreatment that include: physical abuse, neglect, sexual abuse, and emotional abuse.…

Wolfe, David A.

135

Uniparental isodisomy of chromosome 14 in two cases: An abnormal child and a normal adult  

SciTech Connect

Uniparental disomy (UPD) of a number of different chromosomes has been found in association with abnormal phenotypes. A growing body of evidence for an imprinting effect involving chromosome 14 has been accumulating. We report on a case of paternal UPD of chromosome 14 studied in late gestation due to polyhydramnios and a ventral wall hernia. A prenatal karyotype documented a balanced Robertsonian 14:14 translocation. The baby was born prematurely with hairy forehead, retrognathia, mild puckering of the lips and finger contractures. Hypotonia has persisted since birth and at age one year, a tracheostomy for laryngomalacia and gastrostomy for feeding remain necessary. Absence of maternal VNTR polymorphisms and homozygosity of paternal polymorphisms using chromosome 14 specific probes at D14S22 and D14S13 loci indicated paternal uniparental isodisomy (pUPID). Parental chromosomes were normal. We also report on a case of maternal LTPD in a normal patient with a balanced Robertsonian 14:14 translocation and a history of multiple miscarriages. Five previous reports of chromosome 14 UPD suggest that an adverse developmental effect may be more severe whenever the UPD is paternal in origin. This is the second reported patient with paternal UPD and the fifth reported with maternal UPD, and only few phenotypic similarities are apparent. Examination of these chromosome 14 UPD cases of maternal and paternal origin suggests that there are syndromic imprinting effects. 30 refs., 3 figs.

Papenhausen, P.R.; Mueller, O.T.; Sutcliffe, M.; Diamond, T.M.; Kousseff, B.G. [Univ. of South Florida College of Medicine, Tampa, FL (United States); Johnson, V.P. [Univ. of South Dakota, Sioux Falls, SD (United States)

1995-11-20

136

Adoptive Gay Father Families: Parent-Child Relationships and Children's Psychological Adjustment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Findings are presented on a U.K. study of 41 gay father families, 40 lesbian mother families, and 49 heterosexual parent families with an adopted child aged 3-9 years. Standardized interview and observational and questionnaire measures of parental well-being, quality of parent-child relationships, child adjustment, and child sex-typed behavior…

Golombok, Susan; Mellish, Laura; Jennings, Sarah; Casey, Polly; Tasker, Fiona; Lamb, Michael E.

2014-01-01

137

Does Endorsement of Physical Discipline Matter? Assessing Moderating Influences on the Maternal and Child Psychological Correlates of Physical Discipline in African American Families  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using longitudinal data from a subsample of 890 African American families in the Child Development Supplement of the Panel Study of Income Dynamics, this study examined whether maternal endorsement of physical discipline moderates the link between (a) maternal psychological distress and spanking frequency and (b) spanking frequency and child depressive symptoms. As predicted, physical discipline administered by nonendorsing mothers was

Vonnie C. McLoyd; Rachel Kaplan; Cecily R. Hardaway; Dana Wood

2007-01-01

138

The Relation Between Parental Psychological Distress and Adolescent Anxiety in Youths With Chronic Illnesses: The Mediating Effect of Perceived Child Vulnerability  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to examine the relation of perceived child vulnerability (PCV) and parental psychological distress (PPD) to adolescent anxiety (AANX) in youths with chronic illnesses. Ninety-one (n = 91) adolescents diagnosed with either type 1 diabetes mellitus (DM1) or asthma and their parents were recruited as part of a larger study examining parent and child adjustment

Wendi L. Lopez; Larry L. Mullins; Cortney Wolfe-Christensen; Teri Bourdeau

2008-01-01

139

Chromosomal Abnormalities Chromosomal abnormalities  

E-print Network

Lecture 6 Chromosomal Abnormalities #12;Chromosomal abnormalities Numeric Polyploidy- abnormal # of chromosome sets Aneuploidy- abnormal chromosome number Structural Deletion syndromes Duplications Ring chromosomes Centromeric fusions (Robertsonian translocations) Insertion Inversion Paracentric Pericentric

Dellaire, Graham

140

Feeling Abnormal: Simulation of Deviancy in Abnormal and Exceptionality Courses.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes activity in which student in abnormal psychology and psychology of exceptional children classes personally experience being judged abnormal. The experience allows the students to remember relevant research, become sensitized to the feelings of individuals classified as deviant, and use caution in classifying individuals as abnormal.…

Fernald, Charles D.

1980-01-01

141

Prevalence of child psychological, physical, emotional, and ritualistic abuse among high school students in Mpumalanga Province, South Africa.  

PubMed

Based on self-reports the prevalence during childhood of psychological, physical, emotional, and ritualistic abuse among 559 high school students in Standards 7, 8, 9, and 10 of three high schools in the Mpumalanga Province of South Africa was examined. The questionnaire asked for the demographic information and experiences of psychological, physical, and emotional abuse by their parents or adult caretakers as well as ritualistic abusive experiences before they were 17 years of age plus an estimate of self-perceived abuse during childhood and an overall rating of their own childhood. Analysis showed the self-reported prevalence rates to be as follows: 70.7% psychologically abused (but 14.4% for extreme cases), 27.0% physically abused, 35.3% emotionally abused, and 10.0% ritualistically abused. 13.4% of those who reported themselves as psychologically abused, 20.7% of the physically abused, 19.3% of the emotionally abused, and 35.8% of the ritualistically abused perceive themselves as not abused in any form during childhood. Yet, of the psychologically abused 23.4%, of the physically abused 18.2%, of the emotionally abused 22.0%, and of the ritualistically abused 28.3% rated their childhood as 'very unhappy'. It appears these various forms of abuse are experienced by the participants as widespread, suggesting that a much more serious problem may exist than has been recognised. More research into those forms of child abuse in this Province and elsewhere is needed for a clear appreciation of the problems and the effects of such abuse in children's behavior. PMID:11783571

Madu, S N

2001-10-01

142

Child psychology. A review of the literature, January 1, 1923, to March 31, 1928  

Microsoft Academic Search

A summary of 539 titles, under the headings: general treatises, the infant, the young child, the adolescent, constancy of the IQ, mental tests, conditions influencing mental growth, individual differences, racial differences, special aspects of development, child behavior, personality, and mental hygiene.

B. T. Baldwin

1928-01-01

143

Your Child Is Asleep: Early Infantile Autism. The Dorsey Series in Psychology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Focusing on the education of the autistic child as an awakening process, the book discusses the role of meaningful human communication and reports a research program which applied a therapeutic educational technique. The development of language in children, the diagnosis of an autistic child, autistic behavior and sensory and emotional…

DesLauriers, Austin M.; Carlson, Carole F.

144

Attachment Styles and Psychological Profiles of Child Sex Offenders in Ireland  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

When 29 child sex offenders, 30 violent offenders, 30 nonviolent offenders, and 30 community controls were compared, a secure adult attachment style was 4 times less common in the child sex offender group than in any of the other three groups. Ninety-three percent of sex offenders had an insecure adult attachment style. Compared with community…

Marsa, Fiona; O'Reilly, Gary; Carr, Alan; Murphy, Paul; O'Sullivan, Maura; Cotter, Anthony; Hevey, David

2004-01-01

145

Applications of Generalizability Theory to Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using generalizability theory to evaluate the reliability of child and adolescent measures enables researchers to enhance precision of measurement and consequently increase confidence in research findings. With an observer-rated measure of child self-regulation, we illustrate how multiple sources of error variance (e.g., raters, items) affect the…

Lakes, Kimberley D.; Hoyt, William T.

2009-01-01

146

Perceived parental control processes, parent-child relational qualities, and psychological well-being in chinese adolescents with and without economic disadvantage.  

PubMed

The author assessed the relationships between poverty and perceived parenting style, parent-child relationships, and adolescent psychological well-being in Chinese secondary school students (N = 3,017). Participants completed questionnaires designed to assess (a) the degree to which their parents used monitoring, discipline, and other techniques to control their behavior; (b) the extent to which their parents attempted to control them in a way that undermined their psychological development; (c) the parent-child relational qualities, such as the child's readiness to communicate with the parents and perceived mutual trust; and (d) the child's psychological well-being. Although adolescents with economic disadvantage did not differ from adolescents without economic disadvantage on the maternal variables (except on parental knowledge and parental monitoring), adolescents whose families were receiving public assistance generally perceived paternal behavioral control and father-child relational qualities to be more negative than did adolescents who were not receiving public assistance. The author found psychological well-being (shown by hopelessness, mastery, life satisfaction, self-esteem) of adolescents experiencing economic disadvantage to be weaker than that of adolescents not experiencing economic disadvantage. PMID:15906930

Shek, Daniel T L

2005-06-01

147

Influence of Biological, Social and Psychological Factors on Abnormal Eating Attitudes among Female University Students in Brazil  

PubMed Central

The objective of the study was to estimate abnormal eating attitudes influenced by associated factors among female students of the Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, Florianópolis, southern Brazil. Abnormal eating attitudes were investigated using the eating attitudes test (EAT-26), according to the presence (EAT+) and absence (EAT-) of symptoms in a sample of 220 students. The body-image was assessed by the body-shape questionnaire (BSQ-34). Body mass index, body-fat percentage, waist-circumference, food intake (24-hour food recall), and socioeconomic characteristics (monthly household income, monthly per-capita income, and parental schooling) were also investigated. Statistical associations were tested by multivariate Poisson regression analysis. The prevalence of EAT+ and dissatisfaction with the body-image were 8.3% [confidence interval (CI) 95% 4.6–12.0] and 20.0% (CI 95% 14.7–25.3) respectively. Dissatisfaction with the body-image maintained its independent association with abnormal eating attitudes, indicating symptoms of anorexia nervosa. The results of this work highlight the importance of the planning of nutrition-education programmes in universities, aiming at assisting in the choices of food that comprise a healthful diet in a period of life of so many changes and decisions. PMID:20411681

da Cunha Feio Costa, Larissa; Peres, Karen Glazer

2010-01-01

148

Parent-Child Relations and Children’s Psychological Well-BeingDo Dads Matter?  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study explores the unique influence of fathers on adolescents’ psychological well-being. Analyses are based on a nationally representative sample (Add Health) of students in Grades 7 through 12 living in intact homes. Results of multivariate analyses reveal that the father-adolescent relationship has an independent impact on adolescents’ psychological well-being beyond the mother-adolescent relationship. Comparatively, the magnitude of effect was

Tami M. Videon

2005-01-01

149

Role of child and maternal processes in the psychological adjustment of children with sickle cell disease.  

PubMed

In this study, 64% of children aged 7-12 years with sickle cell disease were found to have a parent-reported behavior problem, and 50% met the criteria for a Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (3rd ed.) diagnosis based on a structural clinical interview of the child. Internalizing types of behavior problems and diagnoses were the most frequent. Support was provided for a transactional stress and coping model in delineating the processes associated with child adjustment. In particular, maternal anxiety accounted for 16%-33% of the variance in mother-reported internalizing and externalizing behavior problems, respectively, and child pain-coping strategies accounted for 21% of the variance in child-reported adjustment problems. PMID:8326049

Thompson, R J; Gil, K M; Burbach, D J; Keith, B R; Kinney, T R

1993-06-01

150

The Impacts of Obstructive Sleep Apnea Hypopnea Syndrome Severity and Surgery Intervention on Psychological and Behavioral Abnormalities and Postoperative Recovery in Pediatric Patients  

PubMed Central

Background The aim of this study was to investigate the degree of impact of obstructive sleep apnea hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS) severity on pediatric psychological and behavioral abnormalities. Material/Methods Fifty-one children aged 5–12 years with a confirmed diagnosis of OSAHS were divided into 3 groups according to the severity of OSAHS. They underwent bilateral tonsillectomy plus adenoidectomy or adenoidectomy alone. Repeated polysomnography and integrated visual and auditory continuous performance testing (IVA-CPT) was performed to assess full-scale response control quotient (FRCQ), full-scale attention quotient (FAQ), and hyperactivity (HYP) before surgery and 3 and 6 months after surgery. Results Mean FRCQ, FAQ, and HYP significantly improved over time in the 3 groups (FRCQ, F=292.05; FAQ, F=258.27; HYP, F=295.10, all P<0.001). FRCQ and HYP were not significantly different among the groups at the 3 time points. FAQ was significantly different among the groups (F=3.89, P<0.05). For FRCQ, FAQ, and HYP, there was no interaction between time and disease severity. Within groups, the effect of time on the apnea-hypopnea index (AHI) and lowest oxygen saturation (LaSO2) were significant for each group and they were significantly different among the 3 groups at each time point (all P<0.001). Conclusions These results suggest that OSAHS may have a significant impact on self-control, attention, and hyperactivity in children, which is gradually alleviated after surgery. Disease severity was not closely related to preoperative mental and psychological function or postoperative recovery. Thus, we find it difficult to determine the impact degree of OSAHS severity on mental and psychological function or predict postoperative recovery by using OSAHS severity alone in children. PMID:25141885

Zhu, Jin; Fang, Yu; Chen, Xin; Wang, Haifei; Teng, Yaoshu; Yu, Daojun; Zhang, Haisheng; Shen, Yi

2014-01-01

151

EmergencyEmergency and Abnormal Situationsand Abnormal Situations  

E-print Network

SituationsAbnormal Situations Neil Johnston Aerospace Psychology Research Group Trinity College DublinEmergencyEmergency and Abnormal Situationsand Abnormal Situations in Aviation Symposiumin Aviation Symposium Santa Clara, June 2003 #12;Responding toResponding to Emergencies andEmergencies and Abnormal

152

Socialization and the Child Rearing Practice. [Proceedings from the] Fenno-Hungarian Conference on Developmental Psychology (4th, Debrecen, Hungary, October 4-6, 1995).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The fourth meeting of the Fenno-Hungarian Conferences on Developmental Psychology had as its theme "Socialization and the Child-Rearing Practice. The conference consisted of three Symposia. The first symposium, "Results of the collaborations on the basis of the series of the Fenno-Hungarian conferences," contains the following papers; (1)…

Sugar-Kadar, Julia, Ed.

1997-01-01

153

Can parents adjust to the idea that their child is at risk for a sudden death?: Psychological impact of risk for long QT syndrome  

Microsoft Academic Search

Can a parent adjust to the idea that its child is at risk for a sudden death? This question is raised by a diagnostic procedure in which children were tested for an inherited Long QT Syndrome (LQTS). This potentially life-threatening but treatable cardiac arrhythmia syndrome may cause sudden death, especially in children and young adults. The long-term psychological effects are

Karin S. W. H. Hendriks; F. J. M. Grosfeld; Tintelen van J. P; Langen van I. M; A. A. M. Wilde; J. van den Bout; Kroode ten H. F. J

2005-01-01

154

Leaving Home or Still in the Nest? Parent-Child Relationships and Psychological Health as Predictors of Different Leaving Home Patterns  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this study, the author examines the patterns of leaving home in a sample of 93 participants and their parents. The quality of parent-child relationships, psychological symptomatology in adolescence and young adulthood, and attachment representation were assessed longitudinally from mid-adolescence to young adulthood. Attachment representation,…

Seiffe-Krenke, Inge

2006-01-01

155

Perceived Parental Control Processes, Parent-Child Relational Qualities, and Psychological Well-Being in Chinese Adolescents with and without Economic Disadvantage  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The author assessed the relationships between poverty and perceived parenting style, parent-child relationships, and adolescent psychological well-being in Chinese secondary school students (N = 3,017). Participants completed questionnaires designed to assess (a) the degree to which their parents used monitoring, discipline, and other techniques…

Shek, Daniel T. L.

2005-01-01

156

Journalof AbnormalChildPsychology, Vol. 18, No. 5, 1990,pp. 493-513 Are Hyperactive Children Deficient in  

E-print Network

attentional capcity in three groups: in 6- to 12-year-old boys with attention deficit disorder plus Deficient in Attentionai Capacity? Russell Schachar 1,3 and Gordon Logan 2,3 A dual task was used to study hyperactivity (ADDH) or with ADDH and conduct disorder, and in normal children. Subjects per- formed a primary

Logan, Gordon D.

157

Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, VoL 23, No. 4, 1995 Deficient Inhibitory Control in Attention  

E-print Network

(ADHD). Thirty-three children with ADHD and 22 normal control children of similar age (7 to 11 years) and mean IQ (107) were tested with the change paradigm. ADHD subgroups were defined by the context in which the ADHD symptoms predominated (in the home only; at school on!y; and in both, i.e., pervasive ADHD

Logan, Gordon D.

158

Parent-Child Relations and Children's Psychological Well-Being: Do Dads Matter?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study explores the unique influence of fathers on adolescents' psychological well-being. Analyses are based on a nationally representative sample (Add Health) of students in Grades 7 through 12 living in intact homes. Results of multivariate analyses reveal that the father-adolescent relationship has an independent impact on adolescents'…

Videon, Tami M.

2005-01-01

159

Current Psychological Functioning of Child Sexual Assault SurvivorsA Community Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

We interviewed a community sample of 391 women to obtain a thorough history of lifetime victimization experiences, including experiences such as childhood and adult sexual assault, aggravated assault, robbery, and burglary. In order to assess current psychological functioning, participants were administered the Derogatis Symptom Checklist-90 Revised, the Modified Fear Survey, and the Impact of Event scale. Results indicated that childhood

SHANE M. MURPHY; DEAN G. KILPATRICK; ANGELYNNE AMICK-McMULLAN; LOIS J. VERONEN; JANET PADUHOVICH; CONNIE L. BEST; LORENZ A. VILLEPONTEAUX; BENJAMIN E. SAUNDERS

1988-01-01

160

African American Children and Mental Health. Child Psychology and Mental Health  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This groundbreaking two-volume set examines the psychological, social, physical, and environmental factors that undermine or support healthy development in African American children while considering economic, historical, and public policies. African American children are at the highest risk for becoming school dropouts, for academic disengagement…

Hill, Nancy E., Ed.; Mann, Tammy L., Ed.; Fitzgerald, Hiram E., Ed.

2011-01-01

161

The Child at School: Interactions with Peers and Teachers. Texts in Developmental Psychology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Noting that school provides one of the most important arenas for interactive processes that are crucial to children's healthy social development, this book examines the social, educational, and developmental psychology of the school environment, focusing on peer relationships and teacher-student interactions. The book demonstrates the complexities…

Pellegrini, Anthony D.; Blatchford, Peter

162

Common Psychological Disorders in Young Children: A Handbook for Child Care Professionals  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Promote the mental health of preschool children in care by providing nurturing environments and relationships. Common Psychological Disorders in Young Children is an easy-to-use guide that will help providers recognize and cope with the symptoms and behaviors associated with ADHD, autism, anxiety, and other disorders providers may face. Learn to…

Bilmes, Jenna; Welker, Tara

2006-01-01

163

Young Children's Psychological Selves: Convergence with Maternal Reports of Child Personality  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present research examined five-year-old children's psychological self-concepts. Non-linear factor analysis was used to model the latent structure of the children's self-view questionnaire (CSVQ; Eder, 1990), a measure of children's self-concepts. The coherence and reliability of the emerging factor structure indicated that young children are…

Brown, Geoffrey L.; Mangelsdorf, Sarah C.; Agathen, Jean M.; Ho, Moon-Ho

2008-01-01

164

A Teaching Assistant's Guide to Child Development and Psychology in the Classroom. Second Edition  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"How can you help students most effectively in the classroom?" As a Teaching Assistant, you play a vital role in today's schools. This fully updated new edition will help you get to grips with the main issues to do with psychology and its role in the processes of teaching and learning. This accessible text, building on the success of a…

Bentham, Susan

2011-01-01

165

The Impact of Serial Transitions on Behavioral and Psychological Problems among Children in Child Protection Services  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study focuses on the impacts of serial transitions on externalized and internalized behavior disorders, anxiety, and depression among children in child protection services. The research was carried out with a sample of 741 children. The findings demonstrate that the number of times a family is blended is a stronger predictive factor for…

Saint-Jacques, Marie-Christine; Cloutier, Richard; Pauze, Robert; Simard, Marie; Gagne, Marie-Helene; Poulin, Amelie

2006-01-01

166

Child Development in Cultural Contexts: Implications of Cultural Psychology for Early Childhood Teacher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article we argue that early childhood educators, under the influence of last century's grand universal theories of child development, have not been attentive enough to the centrality of culture in children's development. We discuss how the exploration of contemporary developmental perspectives is critical to the field and illustrate…

Lee, Kyunghwa; Johnson, Amy S.

2007-01-01

167

Parent-Child Socialization in Diverse Cultures. Annual Advances in Applied Developmental Psychology, Volume 5.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection of essays addresses the role of culture in the functioning of families and the socialization of children. Following an introduction by Irving Sigel, the 15 essays are: (1) "Parent-Child Interactions in Urban Indian Families in New Delhi: Are They Changing?" (Jaipaul Roopnarine and Ziarat Hossain); (2) "Chinese Families" (Harold…

Roopnarine, Jaipaul L., Ed.; Carter, D. Bruce, Ed.

168

Role of Child and Maternal Processes in the Psychological Adjustment of Children with Sickle Cell Disease.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Found that 64% of 50 children aged 7-12 years with sickle cell disease had parent-reported behavior problem. Internalizing types of behavior problems and diagnoses were most frequent. Maternal anxiety accounted for 16-33% of variance in mother-reported internalizing and externalizing behavior problems, respectively, and child pain-coping…

Thompson, Robert J., Jr.; And Others

1993-01-01

169

The Reading Grade Level of Common Measures in Child and Adolescent Clinical Psychology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this article is to provide easily accessible readability information for 49 parent- and 35 child- and adolescent-report measures commonly used by clinicians and researchers. There is a great deal of variability in reading ability required across measures. The majority of parent-report measures (65%) required reading ability above…

Jensen, Scott A.; Fabiano, Gregory A.; Lopez-Williams, Andy; Chacko, Anil

2006-01-01

170

The disarmament, demobilization and reintegration of child soldiers: social and psychological transformation in Sierra Leone  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article gives an overview of the processes of disarmament, demobilization and reintegration of child soldiers in Sierra Leone. In contrast to many other situations, in Sierra Leone there has been an effective, integrated response involving a large number of civil society organizations and committees as well as the government. Nine areas of intervention were identified as having contributed to

John Williamson

2006-01-01

171

Lawyers’ Opinions Regarding Child Custody Mediation and Assessment Services: Implications for Psychological Practice  

Microsoft Academic Search

Psychologists who conduct divorce mediation or child custody assessment must understand the context of such professional practice and the views of other professions involved, such as lawyers. In this study, family lawyers (N = 161) completed a questionnaire about mediation and assessment of custody disputes, indicating positive attitudes toward mediation and recognition of its favorable effects on the family. Lawyers

Catherine M. Lee; Christine P. M. Beauregard; John Hunsley

1998-01-01

172

Psychological and Legal Considerations in Reviewing the Work Product of a Colleague in Child Custody Evaluations  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article has three primary objectives: 1) to examine what the authors believe are some important psycholegal and ethical considerations for work product reviews of a child custody evaluation; 2) to make suggestions to custody evaluators and retained reviewers to incorporate the concept of “helpfulness to the court” as a fundamental, guiding principle; and 3) to offer some suggestions about

H. D. Kirkpatrick; William G. Austin; James R. Flens

2011-01-01

173

Using immersive virtual reality and ecological psychology to probe into child molesters’ phenomenology  

Microsoft Academic Search

Child molesters (n=13) and sexually non-deviant subjects (n=29) were immersed with virtual characters depicting relevant sexual features while their sexual arousal and gaze behaviour were assessed to characterise their sexual preferences and intentional dynamics. Sexual arousal was measured using circumferential penile plethysmography (PPG). Gaze behaviour dynamics were derived from average gaze radial angular deviation (GRAD) and GRAD coefficient of variation

Patrice Renaud; Sylvain Chartier; Joanne-Lucine Rouleau; Jean Proulx; Mathieu Goyette; Dominique Trottier; Paul Fedoroff; John-P. Bradford; BenoÎt Dassylva; Stéphane Bouchard

2011-01-01

174

Conversations around Homework: Links to Parental Mental Health, Family Characteristics and Child Psychological Functioning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Parents are increasingly expected to supplement their children's school-based learning by providing support for children's homework. However, parents' capacities to provide such support may vary and may be limited by the experience of depression. This may have implications for child development. In the course of a prospective, longitudinal study…

Murray, Lynne; Woolgar, Matt; Martins, Carla; Christaki, Anna; Hipwell, Alison; Cooper, Peter

2006-01-01

175

Clinical Psychology Program Department of Psychology, Marquette University  

E-print Network

-3. ___ Froedtert Neuropsych--Adult ___ Froedtert Trauma/Health ___ Froedtert Neuropsych--Child/PINT ___ RogersClinical Psychology Program Department of Psychology, Marquette University Request to Attend

Sanders, Matthew

176

Psychological impact, support and information needs for women with an abnormal Pap smear: comparative results of a questionnaire in three European countries  

PubMed Central

Background Extensive information on cervical cancer is currently available. Its effectiveness in reducing anxiety in women receiving abnormal Pap tests is not clear. We investigated current practices of communicating abnormal Pap results to evaluate women's reactions and determine the sources of information they use subsequently. Methods A self-administered questionnaire-based study was performed in 1475 women in France, Spain and Portugal who had received an abnormal Pap smear result in the 12 months prior to completing the questionnaire. Questions covered methods of communication of the result, emotional reactions, support received (from the physician and entourage), and information sources, using pre-specified check box options and rating scales. Data were analyzed by country. Results Pap test results were mostly communicated by phone to Spanish women (76%), while physician letters were common in France (59%) and Portugal (36%). Frequent reactions were anxiety, panic and stress, which were less common in Spanish women than their French and Portuguese counterparts. After discussing with their physician, half of the participants were worried, despite rating highly the psychological support received. Over 90% of women in each country discussed their results with family or friends. Partners provided a high level of support. Overall, the abnormal diagnosis and consequences had a low to medium impact on daily, professional and family life and their relationships with their partner. Impact was higher in Spanish women than the French or Portuguese. Information on the diagnosis and its treatment was rated average, and nearly 80% of participants wanted more information, notably French women. Preferred sources were the physician and the Internet. Conclusions Women expressed a strong wish for more information about cervical cancer and other HPV-related diseases, and that their physician play a major role in its provision and in support. There was a heavy reliance on the close entourage and the Internet for information, highlighting the need for dissemination of accurate material. Differences between countries suggest information management strategies may need to be tailored to different geographical regions. PMID:21612599

2011-01-01

177

Maltreatment by Parents and Peers: The Relationship between Child Abuse, Bully Victimization, and Psychological Distress  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this retrospective study, 210 college freshmen completed questionnaires assessing frequency of childhood emotional, physical, and sexual abuse; childhood bully victimization by peers; and current psychological distress. It was found that those who were bully victims experienced higher rates of emotional (M = 25.57 vs. 17.01) and physical maltreatment (M = 2.96 vs. 0.94) by parents and more childhood sexual

Renae D. Duncan

1999-01-01

178

Psychological maltreatment.  

PubMed

Psychological or emotional maltreatment of children may be the most challenging and prevalent form of child abuse and neglect. Caregiver behaviors include acts of omission (ignoring need for social interactions) or commission (spurning, terrorizing); may be verbal or nonverbal, active or passive, and with or without intent to harm; and negatively affect the child's cognitive, social, emotional, and/or physical development. Psychological maltreatment has been linked with disorders of attachment, developmental and educational problems, socialization problems, disruptive behavior, and later psychopathology. Although no evidence-based interventions that can prevent psychological maltreatment have been identified to date, it is possible that interventions shown to be effective in reducing overall types of child maltreatment, such as the Nurse Family Partnership, may have a role to play. Furthermore, prevention before occurrence will require both the use of universal interventions aimed at promoting the type of parenting that is now recognized to be necessary for optimal child development, alongside the use of targeted interventions directed at improving parental sensitivity to a child's cues during infancy and later parent-child interactions. Intervention should, first and foremost, focus on a thorough assessment and ensuring the child's safety. Potentially effective treatments include cognitive behavioral parenting programs and other psychotherapeutic interventions. The high prevalence of psychological abuse in advanced Western societies, along with the serious consequences, point to the importance of effective management. Pediatricians should be alert to the occurrence of psychological maltreatment and identify ways to support families who have risk indicators for, or evidence of, this problem. PMID:22848125

Hibbard, Roberta; Barlow, Jane; Macmillan, Harriet

2012-08-01

179

Child And Family Studies Department Of Child And Family Studies  

E-print Network

, psychology, medicine, family law, counseling, health care, child and family studies and education. GRADUATE, mental health, health and juvenile justice agencies, youth programs, schools and parent and family and advanced degrees in counseling psychology, developmental psychology, educational psychology, sociology

Raina, Ramesh

180

Corporal punishment: mother's disciplinary behavior and child's psychological profile in Alexandria, Egypt.  

PubMed

Although all professionals oppose abusive physical punishment, nonabusive physical punishment is still controversial. The aim of the present study was (i) to determine parents' behavior regarding the discipline of their children using corporal punishment or other alternative disciplinary methods, (ii) to identify the different associated factors for corporal punishment, and (iii) to determine the association between exposure of the child to corporal punishment and his or her psychosocial well-being. A representative sample of 400 fifth-grade primary school children and their mothers were subjected to a cross-sectional survey. Mothers were subjected to a questionnaire to assess their behavior on corporal punishment and other disciplinary methods. The children were subjected to Coopersmith Self-Esteem Inventory to assess their self-esteem, and a questionnaire to assess their relationship with others. About three-quarter of children (76.3%) were corporally punished, and about half of them (46.2%) were punished on sites other than the extremities or buttocks. In 59.3% of them the frequency of the punishment ranged from once or twice/week to more than once/day, and it left marks in about 20%. Other disciplinary methods used by mothers were yelling/insulting (43.5%), taking away a toy or privilege (39.3%), discussing/explaining (9.5%), and time out (2.8%). The significant predictors of mothers' use of corporal punishment were male gender of the child (p < 0.01), rural origin of the father (p= 0.02), the mother's bad history of rearing experience (p < 0.01), and poor interparental relationship (p= 0.02). The relation between corporal punishment of children and their self-esteem was not statistically significant; however, corporally punished children scored lower on their relationship with others than noncorporally punished ones (Z= 2.60, p < 0.05). Corporal punishment is a widespread disciplinary method in Alexandria. The use of corporal punishment could have adverse effects on the child especially on his or her relationship with others. Planning an awareness-raising educational program for current and expectant parents is recommended, to promote positive nonviolent methods of child rearing, via the media and campaigns, and encouragement of political, community, and religious leaders; medical personnel; journalists; and sports and entertainment figures to share in these campaigns. PMID:19222684

Abolfotouh, Mostafa A; El-Bourgy, Mohamed D; Seif El Din, Amira G; Mehanna, Azza A

2009-01-01

181

Are Discrepancies Among Child, Mother, and Father Reports on Children's Behavior Related to Parents' Psychological Symptoms and Aspects of Parent–Child Relationships?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Examined whether parents' symptoms and qualitative and quantitative aspects of parent–child relationships make unique contributions to mothers' and fathers' reports of, and mother–child, father–child, and father–mother discrepancies on, children's behavior. Participants were 100 children, aged 10–12, and their mothers and fathers. Parents' symptoms and parent–child relationships made unique contributions to both parents' ratings of externalizing behavior. Although parent–child relationship variables

Christina M. Treutler; Catherine C. Epkins

2003-01-01

182

NYU Child Study Center  

MedlinePLUS

... the latest issues in child and adolescent mental health. We invite you to Grand Rounds, a forum for the presentation of advances in child & adolescent psychiatry and psychology. © NYU Child Study Center, One Park Avenue, 7th ...

183

Neurobehaviour between birth and 40 weeks’ gestation in infants born <30 weeks’ gestation and parental psychological wellbeing: predictors of brain development and child outcomes  

PubMed Central

Background Infants born <30 weeks’ gestation are at increased risk of long term neurodevelopmental problems compared with term born peers. The predictive value of neurobehavioural examinations at term equivalent age in very preterm infants has been reported for subsequent impairment. Yet there is little knowledge surrounding earlier neurobehavioural development in preterm infants prior to term equivalent age, and how it relates to perinatal factors, cerebral structure, and later developmental outcomes. In addition, maternal psychological wellbeing has been associated with child development. Given the high rate of psychological distress reported by parents of preterm children, it is vital we understand maternal and paternal wellbeing in the early weeks and months after preterm birth and how this influences the parent–child relationship and children’s outcomes. Therefore this study aims to examine how 1) early neurobehaviour and 2) parental mental health relate to developmental outcomes for infants born preterm compared with infants born at term. Methods/Design This prospective cohort study will describe the neurobehaviour of 150 infants born at <30 weeks’ gestational age from birth to term equivalent age, and explore how early neurobehavioural deficits relate to brain growth or injury determined by magnetic resonance imaging, perinatal factors, parental mental health and later developmental outcomes measured using standardised assessment tools at term, one and two years’ corrected age. A control group of 150 healthy term-born infants will also be recruited for comparison of outcomes. To examine the effects of parental mental health on developmental outcomes, both parents of preterm and term-born infants will complete standardised questionnaires related to symptoms of anxiety, depression and post-traumatic stress at regular intervals from the first week of their child’s birth until their child’s second birthday. The parent–child relationship will be assessed at one and two years’ corrected age. Discussion Detailing the trajectory of infant neurobehaviour and parental psychological distress following very preterm birth is important not only to identify infants most at risk, further understand the parental experience and highlight potential times for intervention for the infant and/or parent, but also to gain insight into the effect this has on parent–child interaction and child development. PMID:24758605

2014-01-01

184

Leaving Home or Still in the Nest? Parent–Child Relationships and Psychological Health as Predictors of Different Leaving Home Patterns  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this study, the author examines the patterns of leaving home in a sample of 93 participants and their parents. The quality of parent-child relationships, psychological symptomatology in adolescence and young adulthood, and attachment representation were assessed longitudinally from mid-adolescence to young adulthood. Attachment representation, adolescent autonomy, and parent-adolescent conflict were found to be important predictors of the timing of

Inge Seiffge-Krenke

2006-01-01

185

Siena College & HVCC Curicculum Guideline for Psychology HVCC Core requirements-A.A. Individual Studies Siena College Course Equivalency  

E-print Network

requirement PHIL 110 Comparative Religion I Religious Core requirement PSYC 210 Abnormal Psychology PSYC 220 Abnormal Psychology, Major requirement PSYC 205 Developmental Psychology Psychology elective PSYCSiena College & HVCC Curicculum Guideline for Psychology HVCC Core requirements-A.A. Individual

186

Therapeutic alliance and outcomes in usual care child psychotherapy  

E-print Network

Eating Disorder & Behavioral Health Clinics PsychologyPsychology Internship, Child Track Clinical Rotations: Eating Disordersdisorders • Multidisciplinary consultation treatment team with psychiatry, psychology,

Accurso, Erin Cecilia; Accurso, Erin Cecilia

2012-01-01

187

Child Advocacy: Today's Answer for Child Abuse Prevention.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document examines the sociological, psychological, and biological aspects of child abuse. It provides definitions of child abuse and historical perspectives of child abuse, the juvenile court system, and child sexual abuse. The psychology of the victim and of the offender is discussed, bibliotherapy is presented as one way of helping children…

McNees, Penny A.

188

Psychology Today.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the design of the University of Texas Austin's Seay Psychology and Child Development & Family Relationships building. With modern technique and materials, the Seay building adds to the established architectural language of the campus, offering a richly tactile structure and adjoining outdoor space embracing the tenets of successful…

Anderssen, Arthur

2003-01-01

189

Journal of Consulting Psychology  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article is reprinted from the Journal of Consulting Psychology, 1965, 29, 97. The present editor wishes to affirm that the Journal of Consulting Psychology is the APA publication in the area of clinical psychology (child and adult), and it is his intention that its range of content will reflect the many facets of this area. Relevant topics would include:

Jules D. Holzberg

1965-01-01

190

Psychology in China  

Microsoft Academic Search

Based on meetings with Chinese psychologists, a report is presented indicating that psychologists in the People's Republic of China are engaged in research concerning theory, Chinese language, child development, vision, audition, and areas of physiological psychology including acupuncture, pain, memory, and CNS functioning. The Institute of Psychology within the Chinese Academy of Sciences represents the center for psychological research.

Sigmund Hsiao

1977-01-01

191

Does working with child abuse cases affect professionals' parenting and the psychological well-being of their children?  

PubMed

Work in the field of sexual abuse is extremely stressful and may arouse negative personal reactions. Although these secondary trauma effects are well described on a personal level, there is not enough evidence to understand whether these professionals carry these effects to their homes, families, and offspring. This study aims to identify the effects of working with child abuse cases on the anxiety level and parenting styles of childhood trauma workers and on their children's well-being. A total of 43 health and legal system workers who worked with abused children in any step of their process and who had children constituted the study group, and 50 control cases, each working in the same institution and having the same occupation as 1 of the participants from the study group and having children but not working directly with children and child abuse cases, were included in the study. Participants were asked to fill out a sociodemographic form, the Parental Attitude Research Instrument, the trait portion of the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory, and an age-appropriate form of the Child Behavior Checklist for each child they had. Professionals in the study working with child abuse cases demonstrated significantly higher democratic parenting attitudes. Law enforcement workers working with child abuse cases demonstrated stricter and more authoritarian parenting strategies, as well as more democratic attitudes, than their colleagues. There was not a statistically significant relationship between child abuse workers' anxiety level and their children's well-being among control subjects. PMID:24983655

Dursun, Onur Burak; Sener, Mustafa Talip; Esin, Ibrahim Selcuk; Ançi, Yüksel; Yalin Sapmaz, Sermin

2014-01-01

192

Parents’ perceptions of their child’s resilience and competencies  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined parental views of their child’s educability through the parents’ perceptions of their child’s resilience.\\u000a The purposes of the study were: (1) to examine psychometric properties of the rating scale created to measure parental views\\u000a of their child’s educational and psychological resilience, (2) to explore whether the parents’ views of the child’s resilience\\u000a were related to their notions

Riitta Kärkkäinen; Hannu Räty; Kati Kasanen

2009-01-01

193

Parent–child conflict and psychological maladjustment: A mediational analysis with reciprocal filial belief and perceived threat  

Microsoft Academic Search

Empirical research has shown that parent–child conflict is positively related to poor adjustment in adolescents; however, the underlying processes have not been adequately examined. To explore the possible mediating pathways, reciprocal filial belief and perceived threat were chosen to represent two likely mechanisms accounting for how parent–child conflict harms adolescents' perceptions of their relationship with their parents and their self-perceptions

Kuang-Hui Yeh; Wei-Chun Tsao; Wei-Wen Chen

2010-01-01

194

David M. Lane Department of Psychology  

E-print Network

of Educational Computing Research Journal of Experimental Child Psychology Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition Journal of Statistics Education Journal of the American Statistical Association #12;2 Journal of Undergraduate Neurosciences

Lane, David

195

Abnormal Oral Sensory Perception in Patients with a History of Anorexia nervosa and the Relationship between Physiological and Psychological Improvement in this Disease  

Microsoft Academic Search

14 patients with a history of anorexia nervosa (AN) (mean duration 7.1 years) were divided into two groups according to whether they were still amenorrheic (group I, n = 6) at a significantly lower body weight or at normal stable weight with eumenorrhea (group II, n = 8); 26 age-matched students served as the control group. Psychological testing included the

E. M. Berry; Sima Fried; E. L. Edelstein

1995-01-01

196

UCSD/VA Psychology Internship Training Program  

E-print Network

university-affiliated teaching and research hospital, adult or child outpatient, and inpatient child, psychiatric fellowships in geropsychiatry, child and adolescent psychiatry, alcohol and substance abuseUCSD/VA Psychology Internship Training Program Department of Psychiatry University of California

Squire, Larry R.

197

Editorial: Trials and tribulations in child psychology and psychiatry: what is needed for evidence-based practice.  

PubMed

If your child had leukaemia you would be distraught. Yet, there would also be hope. Most children with a diagnosis of leukaemia start their treatment as part of ongoing trials. The clinical teams looking after such children are motivated, knowledgeable and work in centres that specialise in the treatment of this lethal illness. The results speak for themselves. Not only have the trials helped oncologists learn more about which treatments work best. For years we have known that those who enter trials do better than those patients with similar characteristics who don't. We have recently also learnt that trials improve survival rates in those cancers population wide: the annual reduction between 1978-2005 in risk of death from childhood cancers ranged from 2.7% to 12.0%. This cancer trial culture is a splendid example of British health care delivery. What is happening in child psychiatry, though? If your child had, say, depression you would have every reason to be distraught too. The mortality rate is higher than in the general population and the burden of disease in the long run heavier than that of cardiovascular illness or cancer. Yet, your child would not have access to a trial. Instead, you would probably struggle to have your child's depression recognised in the first place. The care you would get would be determined by extreme regional variations and by what resources are available to local services and often the ideology or preferences of practitioners. PMID:25306851

Stringaris, Argyris

2014-11-01

198

The meaning and correlates of psychological control in Chinese and American families  

E-print Network

of Child Psychology: Social, emotional, and personalityemotional autonomy, and school achievement. Journal of Genetic Psychology,Emotional display rules and individualism versus collectivism. Journal of Cross- Cultural Psychology,

Fung, Joey

2012-01-01

199

Abuse and Parental Characteristics, Attributions of Blame, and Psychological Adjustment in Adult Survivors of Child Sexual Abuse  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to examine the influence of abuse and parental characteristics on attributional content and determine the relative contribution of different attributions of blame in predicting psychological symptomatology among adult survivors of childhood sexual abuse. One hundred eighty-three female undergraduates with a history of…

Zinzow, Heidi; Seth, Puja; Jackson, Joan; Niehaus, Ashley; Fitzgerald, Monica

2010-01-01

200

Intervention-Based School Psychology Services: Training for Child-Level Accountability; Preparing for Program-Level Accountability  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research evaluated the outcomes of a school psychology training practicum by replicating intervention-based service delivery procedures established in prior research. The key components include describing a service delivery model, teaching the model, deriving practice guidelines that fit the model, supporting trainees in carrying out the…

Bonner, Mike; Barnett, David W.

2004-01-01

201

American Indian and Alaska Native Children and Mental Health: Development, Context, Prevention, and Treatment. Child Psychology and Mental Health  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This unique book examines the physical, psychological, social, and environmental factors that support or undermine healthy development in American Indian children, including economics, biology, and public policies. American Indian and Alaska Native youth suffer disproportionately higher rates of trauma, substance abuse, and youth suicide. At the…

Sarche, Michelle C., Ed.; Spicer, Paul, Ed.; Farrell, Patricia, Ed.; Fitzgerald, Hiram E., Ed.

2011-01-01

202

The Psychological Consequences of Judically Imposed Closets in Child Custody and Visitation Disputes Involving Gay or Lesbian Parents  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article examines child custody and visitation cases in which courts operate under the assumption that parents who live openly as sexual minorities will harm their children. Based on this assumption, courts frequently impose restrictions on parents, requiring them to live closeted lives in order to have access to their children. Part I of this article introduces the concept of

Nancy G. Maxwell; Richard Donner

2006-01-01

203

The Science and Psychology of Infant-Toddler Care: How an Understanding of Early Learning Has Transformed Child Care  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Recent research on how infants and toddlers grow and learn has provided new evidence for creating child care practices that support healthy development. The author describes 6 program practices drawn from this research. The article discusses practices that support secure attachments, identity formation, family practices, attention to developmental…

Lally, J. Ronald

2009-01-01

204

2013-2014 Degree Plan: Double Major: B.S. CHILD LEARNING AND DEVELOPMENT & B.S. PSYCHOLOGY  

E-print Network

in Humanities¹ 050/051. Visual & Performing Arts (3 hrs) ARTS 1301 Explorations in the Arts¹ 060. History (6 hrs) HIST 1301 Survey of American History¹ HIST 1302 Survey of American History¹ 070. Government & Political or Child Psychopathology CLDP Elective ** See advisor for options Free Electives (Must be 3/4000 level

O'Toole, Alice J.

205

Health Psychology Psychology 320  

E-print Network

1 Health Psychology Psychology 320 Zaje Harrell, Ph.D. Fall 2011 134B Psychology Building Tu/Th 8@msu.edu Office Hours: W 12:00-1:00 ` M 11-12 Psychology Building 231 Course Overview Health psychology of topics in health psychology. The class is primarily in a lecture format with frequent time allotted

Liu, Taosheng

206

Health Psychology Psychology 320  

E-print Network

1 Health Psychology Psychology 320 Zaje Harrell, Ph.D. Spring 2011 134B Psychology Building Tu/Th 8: TBA Course Overview Health psychology is the field of psychology focused on the biological, psychological, and social factors that interact in relationship to health and well being. Health psychologists

Liu, Taosheng

207

Counseling Psychology Educational Psychology  

E-print Network

Counseling Psychology Educational Psychology College of Education Phone: (313) 577-1618, 577-1743 Fax: (313) 577-5235 http://coe.wayne.edu/tbf/edp/counseling-psychology COUNSELING PSYCHOLOGY WITH AN EMPHASIS IN COUPLE AND FAMILY PSYCHOLOGY May, 2012 The program area of Educational Psychology offers

Berdichevsky, Victor

208

Developmental Psychopathology Psychology 333  

E-print Network

Developmental Psychopathology Psychology 333 Spring 2008 Instructor Name: V. Robin Weersing, Ph of children and adolescents, including their diagnosis, etiology, and treatment. Emphasis is on empirical, course, and form of psychopathology in children and adolescents 2. Broadly classify abnormal behavior

Gallo, Linda C.

209

Meiotic abnormalities  

SciTech Connect

Chapter 19, describes meiotic abnormalities. These include nondisjunction of autosomes and sex chromosomes, genetic and environmental causes of nondisjunction, misdivision of the centromere, chromosomally abnormal human sperm, male infertility, parental age, and origin of diploid gametes. 57 refs., 2 figs., 1 tab.

NONE

1993-12-31

210

Health Psychology Psychology 320  

E-print Network

1 Health Psychology Psychology 320 Zaje Harrell, Ph.D. Fall 2012 134B Psychology Building Tu/Th 8 11:00-12:00 Course Assistants: Elizabeth Polk Conrad Corretti Course Overview Health psychology of topics in health psychology. The class is primarily in a lecture format with frequent time allotted

Liu, Taosheng

211

Journalof AbnormalChildPsychology, Vol. 17, No. 4, 1989,pp. 371-391 Effects of Event Rate and Display Time on Sustained  

E-print Network

to determine whether hyperactive boys have a unique deficit in sustained attention. Groups with DSM by the first author to the Ontario Institute for Studies in Education. The authors thank Dr, John Lovering evident. This finding indicates that the deficit of sustained attention in boys who have ADDH

Logan, Gordon D.

212

Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, Vol. 33, No. 1, February 2005, pp. 6985 ( C 2005) DOI: 10.1007/s10802-005-0935-y  

E-print Network

attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (AD/HD) is associated with executivefunctioning). KEY WORDS: attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder; oppositional defiant disorder; conduct disorder; executive functioning; verbal fluency; working memory; planning. Attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder

Scheres, Anouk

213

Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, Vol. 31, No. 3, June 2003, pp. 315327 ( C 2003) Selective Inhibition in Children With Attention-Deficit  

E-print Network

Inhibition in Children With Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder off and on Stimulant Medication Anne-IV-diagnosed children with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and compared to that of a community sample the impairment itself, nor MPH effects, were restricted to inhibition. KEY WORDS: Attention-deficit hyperactivity

Logan, Gordon D.

214

QUANTITATIVE METHODS IN PSYCHOLOGY A Power Primer  

E-print Network

of the Journal of Abnormal and Social Psychology, which found the mean power to detect medium effect sizes) reported a power reviewof the 1984 volumeof the Journal of Abnormal Psychology (some 24 years after mineQUANTITATIVE METHODS IN PSYCHOLOGY A Power Primer Jacob Cohen New \\brk University One possible

215

Parent-child conflict and psychological maladjustment: a mediational analysis with reciprocal filial belief and perceived threat.  

PubMed

Empirical research has shown that parent-child conflict is positively related to poor adjustment in adolescents; however, the underlying processes have not been adequately examined. To explore the possible mediating pathways, reciprocal filial belief and perceived threat were chosen to represent two likely mechanisms accounting for how parent-child conflict harms adolescents' perceptions of their relationship with their parents and their self-perceptions within their cognitive-appraisal framework. The former operates by attenuating children's affection towards their parents and the latter by lowering their self-perceptions. This study also distinguishes internalizing from externalizing problems in order to examine whether lower reciprocal filial belief more strongly mediates the relation between conflict with parents and adolescents' externalizing problems and whether perceived threat more strongly mediates the relation between conflict with parents and adolescents' internalizing problems. Hypotheses are as follows: (1) the more parent-child conflict adolescents report, the less reciprocal filial belief they recognize, which, in turn, leads to more maladjustments, especially externalizing ones; (2) the more parent-child conflicts adolescents report, the more threat they perceive, which, in turn, leads to more maladjustments, especially internalizing ones. Participants consisted of 603 Taiwanese adolescents (226 males and 377 females) aged 15 to 19 (average age = 16.95; SD = 0.78). Structural equation modelling analyses confirmed the hypotheses. However, the three direct effects of conflict on internalizing problems, aggression, and deviant behaviour were still significant. In addition, a greater effect of the paternal than the maternal role on the link between conflict and attenuated reciprocal filial belief, and between perceived threat and internalizing problems, was identified. Implications for understanding the mediation processes responsible for all indirect effects, even the subsidiary ones, and the greater impact of conflict with the father than with the mother are discussed. Limitations of the study and considerations for future research are also addressed. La recherche empirique a indiqué que le conflit parent-enfant est positivement lié à une faible adaptation chez les adolescents; cependant, les processus sous-jacents n'ont pas été adéquatement examinés. Pour explorer les trajectoires de médiation possibles, la croyance filiale réciproque et la menace perçue ont été sélectionnées afin de représenter deux méchanismes plausiblement responsables de comment le conflit parent-enfant nuit aux peceptions des adolescents de leur relation avec les parents ainsi que de leurs auto-perceptions dans le cadre de leur évaluation cognitive. Le premier fonctionne en atténuant l'affection des enfants envers leurs parents et le dernier fonctionne en diminuant leurs auto-perceptions. Cette étude distingue aussi les problèmes internalisés de ceux qui sont externalisés dans le but d'examiner si la plus faible croyance de filiation réciproque médie fortement la relation entre le conflit avec les parents et les problèmes externalisés des adolescents et si la menace perçue médie plus fortement la relation entre le conflit avec les parents et les problèmes internalisés des adolescents. Les hypothèses sont les suivantes: (1) plus il y a de conflit parent-enfant rapporté par les adolescents, moins il y aura de croyance filiale réciproque reconnue par les adolescents qui, en revanche, mènera à plus de mésadaptation surtout externalisée. L'échantillon incluait 603 participants (226 mâles et 377 femelles) âgés entre 15 et 19 ans (âge moyen = 16.95; SD = 0.78). Une analyse de modélisation par équation structurelle a confirmé les hypotheses. Cependant, les trois effets directs du conflit sur les problèmes internalisés, sur l'agression et sur le comportement déviant étaient toujours significatifs. De plus, nous avons observé un plus grand effet du rôle paternel plus que maternel sur le lien en

Yeh, Kuang-Hui; Tsao, Wei-Chun; Chen, Wei-Wen

2010-04-01

216

238 Psychology 239 Degree Requirements for B.A. in Psychology  

E-print Network

The Psychology of Gender PSYC 332 Abnormal Behavior PSYC 460 The Psychology of Motivation Honors Program238 Psychology 239 Degree Requirements for B.A. in Psychology For general university requirements, see Graduation Requirements (pages 18­20). Students majoring in psychology must complete 29 semester

Richards-Kortum, Rebecca

217

Bachelor of Arts in Psychology Psychology majors learn how biological, cognitive, social and  

E-print Network

Bachelor of Arts in Psychology Psychology majors learn how biological, cognitive, social in psychology: a Bachelor of Arts and a Bachelor of Arts with a premedical concentration. · The BA in psychology · Audiology Degrees Offered Bachelor of Arts: Psychology* Bachelor of Science: Child learning and development

O'Toole, Alice J.

218

A Psychodynamic Child Rating Scale.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research showing psychodynamic child therapy to be less effective than other forms of child treatment have used outcome measures focusing on symptomatic and behavioral change rather than on psychodynamic processes. A child therapy assessment procedure than measures the psychological functioning of the child in a psychodynamically meaningful way is…

Szapocznik, Jose; And Others

219

Heightened Child Physical Abuse PotentialChild, Parent, and Family Dysfunction  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study evaluates child, parent, and family factors related to parents' heightened potential for child physical abuse. Mothers ( n = 113) of child psychiatric patients and nonpatients (ages 6-13) were classified as being at low, moderate, or high risk for child abuse. Group comparisons revealed that high-abuse-potential mothers reported greater child externalizing and depressive symptoms, child rejection, personal psychological

DAVID J. KOLKO; ALAN E. KAZDIN; AMANDA McCOMBS THOMAS; BRIAN DAY

1993-01-01

220

Chromosomal abnormalities  

SciTech Connect

Cytogenetic studies from the peripheral blood of a patient with malignant lymphoma and rhematoid arthritis who was treated with intra-articular gold Au 198 revealed mosaicism with a normal female metaphase and a 43-chromosome metaphase. The abnormal cell line showed six missing normal chromosomes and three morphologically abnormal chromosomes. The trypsin-digested G-banding metaphases showed that the marker chromosomes were an isochromosome of the long arm of chromosome 17, a translocated chromosome that involved the long arm of chromosome 4 and a chromosome 16, and a translocated chromosome that involved the long arm of chromosome 4 and a chromosome 5. It is tempting to conclude that these abnormalities were due to the gold Au 198 treatment, but we cannot exclude other possibilities.

Goh, K.; Jacox, R.F.; Anderson, F.W.

1980-09-01

221

Biphasic thallium 201 SPECT-imaging for the noninvasive diagnosis of myocardial perfusion abnormalities in a child with Kawasaki disease--a case report  

SciTech Connect

The mucocutaneous lymph node syndrome (Kawasaki disease) is of increasing importance for the pediatric cardiologist, for coronary aneurysms with the potential of thrombosis and subsequent stenosis can develop in the course of the disease. The authors report a 2 1/2-year-old female child in whom, fourteen months after the acute phase of Kawasaki disease, myocardial infarction occurred. Biphasic thallium 201 SPECT-imaging using dipyridamole depicted anterior wall ischemia and inferolateral infarction. This case demonstrates that noninvasive vasodilation-redistribution thallium 201 SPECT-imaging has the potential to predict reversible myocardial perfusion defects and myocardial necrosis, even in small infants with Kawasaki disease.

Hausdorf, G.; Nienaber, C.A.; Spielman, R.P.

1988-02-01

222

Psychology 340 Social Psychology  

E-print Network

Psychology 340 Social Psychology Fall 2010 Syllabus and Class Requirements Class meetings: Tuesday to come out of this class with two things: 1) a knowledge of social psychology (useful in the workplace social psychology to real life. This is a way for the class to include your experiences, as I will share

Gallo, Linda C.

223

Experiences of child maltreatment and their effects on the development of externalizing behavior problems among youth  

E-print Network

disorder in a national sample: Developmental epidemiology. Journal of Child Psychology anddisorder: research needs for an evidence base. Journal of Child Psychology anddisorder and its comorbid conditions: Effects of age and gender. Clinical Psychology

Villodas, Miguel

2011-01-01

224

Brandeis University Psychology current number of majors  

E-print Network

research in diverse areas including cognitive science; normal and abnormal psychology; health psychologyBrandeis University Psychology fast facts current number of majors and minors: 282 NumberBoUt the Program the Department of Psychology helps students establish a strong scientific and research foundation

Fraden, Seth

225

MULTICULTURAL AWARENESS AND PROFESSIONAL INTEGRATION PROGRAM (MAPIP) FOR PSYCHOLOGY DOCTORAL STUDENTS  

E-print Network

likely be assigned to teach such as introductory psychology, abnormal psychology) FOR PSYCHOLOGY DOCTORAL STUDENTS The goal of this program is to assist doctoral psychology graduate students in gaining additional knowledge of multicultural issues

Sanders, Matthew

226

PSY 350 Abnormal Psychology Spring 2008  

E-print Network

the lectures, and to do group activities. In addition, you will be taking the tests using your clickers. THEREFORE, BUYING A CLICKER IS MANDATORY FOR THIS CLASS. CLASS PARTICIPATION, AND TESTS WILL BE DONE USING THE CLICKERS. Other information about clickers/response systems at SDSU In Summer 2006, SDSU standardized

Gallo, Linda C.

227

TEMPORARY ASSISTANT PROFESSOR IN PSYCHOLOGY Truman State University  

E-print Network

, of the following courses; social psychology, personality, developmental psychology, and abnormal psychologyTEMPORARY ASSISTANT PROFESSOR IN PSYCHOLOGY Truman State University Position: Temporary Assistant Professor in Psychology (two positions). These are full-time, nine-month appointments with a possibility

Gering, Jon C.

228

Psychology Major Advising Student Checklist Fall 2010 Requirements  

E-print Network

Abnormal Psychology prereq Approved 3/6/2012 to go to the UCC. 14. Psychology PSYC 465/865 Behavorial Approved 3/6/2012 to go to the college facutly - April 2012 12. Psychology PSYC 100 Career Planning for Psychology Majors activity type, note Approved 3/6/2012 to go to the UCC. 13. Psychology PSYC 380/380X

229

School of Natural Sciences and Psychology Module Leaders 2011/12 School of Natural Sciences and Psychology  

E-print Network

of Abnormal Behaviour Cathy Montgomery 5104PSYSCI Psychology in Application 2 Angela Nananidou Level 6 6000School of Natural Sciences and Psychology Module Leaders 2011/12 School of Natural Sciences and Psychology Module Leaders 2011/2012 Applied Psychology Programme Level 4 4101PSYSCI Psychology in Application

Brown, Richard

230

Psychology Undergraduate MSci (Hons) Psychology  

E-print Network

knowledge of psychology and key topics within this (clinical psychology, cognitive psychology, health in Psychology or other subjects) Research Methods, Quantitative Methods 2, Social Psychology, CognitivePsychology Undergraduate MSci (Hons) Psychology #12;The University of Bath is to offer an exciting

Burton, Geoffrey R.

231

Parent-Child Interaction Therapy  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes Parent-Child Interaction Therapy, a behavioral family therapy approach for the psychological treatment of preschool children and their parents. This approach emphasizes the integration of traditional child play therapy techniques within a behavioral framework of parent-child therapy. Implications for the treatment of a broad range of childhood problems are discussed.

Sheila Eyberg

1988-01-01

232

Child neglect and psychological abuse  

MedlinePLUS

... Difficulties in school Eating disorders, leading to weight loss or poor weight gain Emotional issues such as low self-esteem, depression, and anxiety Rebellious behavior Sleep disorders Vague physical complaints See also: Failure to ...

233

Parental Physical and Psychological Aggression: Psychological Symptoms in Young Adults  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the relationship between various levels of parent-child physical violence and psychological symptoms reported by college students, while controlling for demographic variables, severity and frequency of violence, and co-occurrence of parental psychological aggression. Method: Participants…

Miller-Perrin, Cindy L.; Perrin, Robin D.; Kocur, Jodie L.

2009-01-01

234

The Impact of Emotional Abuse on Psychological Distress among Child Protective Services-Involved Adolescents with Borderline-to-Mild Intellectual Disability  

Microsoft Academic Search

Childhood maltreatment is a robust contributing factor to mental health problems in adolescents. The current study examines the impact of childhood emotional abuse on adolescent psychological distress in 48 youths with borderline-to-mild intellectual disability, as compared to 117 peers with average intellectual functioning. Both emotional abuse and intellectual functioning predicted the severity of youth psychological distress. Childhood emotional abuse has

Jonathan A. Weiss; Randall Waechter; Christine Wekerle

2011-01-01

235

Involving Fathers in Psychological Services for Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper is a commentary of the special series on involving fathers in psychological services for children. The following themes are addressed: the effects of fathers on child development; benefits of father involvement in child psychology services; obstacles to father involvement; engaging fathers; specific interventions for fathers; and…

Carr, Alan

2006-01-01

236

UCSD/VA Psychology Internship Training Program  

E-print Network

of the psychologist in a sophisticated university-affiliated teaching and research hospital, adult or child outpatient, and inpatient child and adolescent psychiatric settings. The UCSD/VA Psychology Internship provides a solidUCSD/VA Psychology Internship Training Program Department of Psychiatry University of California

Squire, Larry R.

237

Child Development and Behavior Branch (CDBB)  

E-print Network

Child Development and Behavior Branch (CDBB) NICHD Report to the NACHHD Council January 2009 U Institute of Child Health and Human Development #12;TABLE OF CONTENTS EXECUTIVE SUMMARY......................................................................... 8 DEVELOPMENTAL COGNITIVE PSYCHOLOGY, BEHAVIORAL NEUROSCIENCE, AND PSYCHOBIOLOGY (DEV-CBNP) PROGRAM

Rau, Don C.

238

YALE UNIVERSITY Department of Psychology  

E-print Network

Abnormal Psychology is designed to introduce students to various clinical presentations of psychopathology disorders (e.g., anxiety, mood, psychotic disorders, etc.) as well as disorder specific etiological abnormal human behavior. The course will be structured to facilitate learning about psychopathological

239

Toward terminological, conceptual, and statistical clarity in the study of mediators and moderators: Examples from the child-clinical and pediatric psychology literatures  

Microsoft Academic Search

Numerous recent attempts to identify mediated and moderated effects in child-clinical and pediatric research on child adjustment have been characterized by terminological, conceptual, and statistical inconsistencies. To promote greater clarity, the terms mediating and moderating are defined and differentiated. Recommended statistical strategies that can be used to test for these effects are reviewed (i.e., multiple regression and structural equation modeling

Grayson N. Holmbeck

1997-01-01

240

The "Test-Tube" Generation: Parent-Child Relationships and the Psychological Well-Being of In Vitro Fertilization Children at Adolescence.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Compared parent-child relationships and early adolescent well-being in families with children conceived by in vitro fertilization (IVF), adoptive families, and families with a naturally conceived child. Found that IVF children were functioning well and did not differ from other children in social or emotional adjustment. (Author/KB)

Golombok, Susan; MacCallum, Fiona; Goodman, Emma

2001-01-01

241

Integrating Best Practices in Positive Behavior Support and Clinical Psychology for a Child with Autism and Anxiety-Related Problem Behavior: A Clinical Case Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This clinical case study investigated the effectiveness of a multicomponent intervention for a child with autism and anxiety-related problem behavior that integrated components of cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) with positive behavior support (PBS). One child with autism and his family participated. The dependent variable was the number of steps…

Neufeld, Vanessa; Law, Kimberley C. Y.; Lucyshyn, Joseph M.

2014-01-01

242

A Case of ADHD and a Major Y Chromosome Abnormality  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: ADHD is a common, heritable disorder of childhood. Sex chromosome abnormalities are relatively rare conditions that are sometimes associated with behavioral disorders. Method: The authors present a male child with ADHD and a major de-novo Y chromosome abnormality consisting of deletion of the long arm and duplication of the short arm. It is possible that the Y chromosomal abnormality

Aisling Mulligan; Michael Gill; Michael Fitzgerald

2008-01-01

243

Psychology of Trauma Summer 2012  

E-print Network

? · Social--what are the effects of trauma on our relationships and families? · Child Abuse--what constitutes child abuse and what are its effects on children? · Psychiatric Diagnosis--what are the controversiesPsychology of Trauma Summer 2012 MTWR 12:00-1:50 303 Gerlinger Instructor: Laura Kaehler, lkaehler

Lockery, Shawn

244

Royal Holloway, University of London Department of Psychology  

E-print Network

. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan. 2 PS1110 Introduction to Abnormal Psychology Butcher, J.N., Mineka, S., & Hooley, J.M. (2009). Abnormal psychology: International edition (16 th ed.). London: Allyn & Bacon. 2Royal Holloway, University of London Department of Psychology Year 1 Textbook List 2013

Royal Holloway, University of London

245

Psychology 340 Social Psychology  

E-print Network

Psychology 340 Social Psychology Spring 2009 Syllabus and Class Requirements Class meetings and how individuals behave in social situations. I would like every person to come out of this class Office Hours: By appointment; usually available after class E-mail: jtwenge@mail.sdsu.edu TAs: Alexandra

Gallo, Linda C.

246

Psychology 340 Social Psychology  

E-print Network

Psychology 340 Social Psychology Spring 2008 Syllabus and Class Requirements Class meetings situations. I would like every person to come out of this class with two things: 1) a knowledge of social Office Hours: By appointment; usually available after class E-mail: jtwenge@mail.sdsu.edu TA: Jennifer

Gallo, Linda C.

247

HIV Disease in the Psychology Curriculum.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Provides ideas for relating HIV topics to psychology content. Suggests three methods of curriculum integration: (1) using traditional course content (research methods, abnormal psychology, health psychology, gender and ethnic studies, drugs and behavior); (2) exploring diversity issues; and (3) challenging students' critical thinking skills. (CMK)

Bristow, Ann R.

2000-01-01

248

School Psychology Review: 2006-2010  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The vision for "School Psychology Review" for the 2006-2010 editorial term is described, and five major goals are outlined. These goals include (a) addressing issues of critical importance to school psychology and the broader domains of child-oriented psychology and education; (b) promoting intervention and prevention research and publishing this…

Power, Thomas J.

2006-01-01

249

Psychological issues in pediatric obesity  

PubMed Central

Pediatric obesity is a major health problem and has reached epidemiological proportions today. The present paper reviews major psychological issues in pediatric obesity from a developmental perspective. Research and literature has shown that a number of developmental, family, maternal and child factors are responsible in the genesis of pediatric obesity. Family food habits, early developmental lifestyle of the child, parenting, early family relationships and harmony all contribute towards the growth and development of a child. The present review focuses on the role of developmental psychological factors in the pathogenesis of pediatric obesity and highlights the developmental factors that must be kept in mind when evaluating a case of pediatric obesity. PMID:23766572

Kalra, Gurvinder; De Sousa, Avinash; Sonavane, Sushma; Shah, Nilesh

2012-01-01

250

Not All Bad Treatment Is Psychological Maltreatment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One of the conceptual and definitional issues that has plagued the study of child maltreatment is the relationship between intention and outcome. This paper flows from the finding that the common developmentally destructive element in all forms of child maltreatment is psychological maltreatment, that the study of child abuse and neglect is the…

Garbarino, James

2011-01-01

251

The Impact of Perceived Child Physical and Sexual Abuse History on Native American Women's Psychological Well-Being and AIDS Risk  

Microsoft Academic Search

The impact of perceived child abuse history on 160 adult, Native American women's emotional well-being (i.e., depressive mood and anger) and AIDS risk was examined. How sense of mastery and social support might lead to women's greater resiliency was also investigated. Child physical–emotional abuse was found to have greater impact on depressive mood and anger and AIDS risk than did

Stevan E. Hobfoll; Anita Bansal; Rebecca Schurg; Sarah Young; Charles A. Pierce; Ivonne Hobfoll; Robert Johnson

2002-01-01

252

Structural Equation Modeling in Pediatric Psychology: Overview and Review of Applications  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective To describe the use of structural equation modeling (SEM) in the Journal of Pediatric Psychology (JPP) and to discuss the usefulness of SEM applications in pediatric psychology research. Method The use of SEM in JPP between 1997 and 2006 was examined and compared to leading journals in clinical psychology, clinical child psychology, and child development. Results SEM techniques were

Timothy D. Nelson; Brandon S. Aylward; Ric G. Steele

2008-01-01

253

Psychological characteristics, stressful life events and deliberate self-harm: findings from the Child & Adolescent Self-harm in Europe (CASE) Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

There is evidence to suggest that both psychological characteristics and stressful life events are contributory factors in\\u000a deliberate self-harm among young people. These links, and the possibility of a dose–response relationship between self-harm\\u000a and both psychological health and life events, were investigated in the context of a seven-country school-based study. Over\\u000a 30,000, mainly 15 and 16 year olds, completed anonymous questionnaires

Nicola Madge; Keith Hawton; Elaine M. McMahon; Paul Corcoran; Diego De Leo; Erik Jan de Wilde; Sandor Fekete; Kees van Heeringen; Mette Ystgaard; Ella Arensman

254

Annotated Bibliography on the Teaching of Psychology: 1997.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Includes materials on: (1) abnormal and clinical psychology, and personality; (2) career issues; (3) cognition and learning; (4) educational technology; (5) faculty evaluation; (6) graduate education; (7) high school instruction; (8) history of psychology; (9) introductory psychology; (10) perception, and physiological and comparative psychology;…

Johnson, David E.; Schroder, Simone I.

1998-01-01

255

Psychology Undergraduate BSc (Hons) Psychology  

E-print Network

behaviour, neuropsychology, thinking and reasoning, health psychology, psychopathology, personality remember, learn, think, reason, perceive, speak and understand) · Health psychology (how biological, psychological, environmental and cultural factors are involved in physical health and the prevention of illness

Burton, Geoffrey R.

256

Recherches Sur La Psychologie de L'enfant de Milieu Defavorise. Rapport- synthese. (Research Relating to the Psychology of the Child in Disadvantaged Environments. Summary Report).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Thirteen doctoral dissertations and five masters theses are summarized in this report of research on the disadvantaged child. Contained in each individual summary are the detailed descriptions of the experimental task, the results obtained and the analysis of these results. The eighteen individual theses are concerned with topics such as:…

Caouette, Charles E.; Bourbeau, Gerald

257

What Are Good Child Outcomes?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper considers the question "What are good child outcomes?" from the perspectives of developmental psychology, economics, and sociology. Section 1 of the paper examines good child outcomes as characteristics of stage-salient tasks of development. Section 2 emphasizes the acquisition of "human capital," the development of productive traits…

Moore, Kristin Anderson; Evans, V. Jeffery; Brooks-Gunn, Jeanne; Roth, Jodie

258

Child Advocacy and Family Privacy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

It is proposed that the current norm of privacy surrounding child-rearing practices should be shifted toward greater openness and freer communication. The rationale for this proposal is considered in terms of society's responsibility toward the child and in terms of current psychological and legal views of the function of privacy. (Author/AM)

Feshbach, Symour; Feshbach, Norma Deitch

1978-01-01

259

HISTORY OF PSYCHOLOGY Psychology 805  

E-print Network

Psychological Studies) In Word document sent to you as e-mail attachment Recommended 1. Historical dictionaries of psychology Warren, H.C., Ed. (1934). Dictionary of Psychology. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company (BF 31.W3) #12;2 Baldwin, J.M., Ed. (1901; reprinted 1960). Dictionary of Philosophy and Psychology; written

Liu, Taosheng

260

HISTORY OF PSYCHOLOGY Psychology 405  

E-print Network

Psychological Studies) In Word document sent to you as e-mail attachment Recommended 1. Historical dictionaries of psychology Warren, H.C., Ed. (1934). Dictionary of Psychology. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company (BF 31.W3) Baldwin, J.M., Ed. (1901; reprinted 1960). Dictionary of Philosophy and Psychology; written by many hands

Liu, Taosheng

261

PSYCHOLOGY MAJORS 20 12.2013 124 Total Hours -A Minor is required for B.S. and B.A. Desrees  

E-print Network

Social Psychology OR 30343* Social Psychology (WEM) AREA E 20393 Psychology ofLove 30363 Abnormal 20393 Psychologl of Love 30363 Abnormal Psychology 30373 Organization Psychologl 40463 Applied BehaviorPSYCHOLOGY MAJORS 20 12.2013 124 Total Hours - A Minor is required for B.S. and B.A. Desrees B

Cooper, Brenton G.

262

Child Defendants: Criminal Responsibility & Competence in Court  

E-print Network

Developmental Psychology & Child Development RCPsychs 2006 1.PHYSICAL DEVELOPMENT · Appearance of the child-unemotional/psychopaths · Full moral development in adult life not childhood #12;CHILD DEFENDANTS - DEVELOPMENTAL COMPETENCEChild Defendants: Criminal Responsibility & Competence in Court Dr. Eileen Vizard CBE, MD, FRCPsych

Mumby, Peter J.

263

A Study of Investigating Child Abuse  

Microsoft Academic Search

Child abuse can take many forms. Such forms can include physical abuse, verbal abuse, sexual abuse, psychological abuse, neglect, and maltreatment. The child will almost always be questioned about the abuse. The way in which the police officers and the criminal justice system go about their investigation can affect the child. There are certain ways in which to question a

Bryan Cairnduff

2012-01-01

264

Promoting Writing among Psychology Students and Faculty: An Interview with Dana S. Dunn  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Perilou Goddard is a professor of psychology at Northern Kentucky University (NKU), where she teaches introductory and abnormal psychology as well as courses in writing in psychology and drug policy. She was chosen as NKU's outstanding professor in 1999. Dana S. Dunn is a professor of psychology and former chair of the Department of Psychology at…

Goddard, Perilou

2002-01-01

265

Psychology 610: Childhood Psychopathology Spring, 2012  

E-print Network

Psychology 610: Childhood Psychopathology Spring, 2012 Thursdays, 12-2:00pm (+/-) 143 Straub child psychopathology. An empirically-based developmental psychopathology perspective will be featured descriptive psychopathology will also be covered, in particular, beginning fluency with the details

Lockery, Shawn

266

Child Psychopathology, Second Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This text integrates state-of-the-art theory and empirical research on a wide range of child and adolescent disorders. Featuring contributions from leading scholars and clinicians, the volume provides comprehensive coverage of the biological, psychological, and social-contextual determinants of childhood problems. Each chapter focuses on a…

Mash, Eric J.; Barkley, Russell A.

267

How Abnormal Reflexes Influence Movements in Cerebral Palsy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Some of the more frequently observed reflex patterns in cerebral palsy are examined, and descriptions are given of how they affect movement. A chart outlines: (1) desirable movement patterns; (2) typical abnormal movement of the cerebral palsied child; (3) possible physical cause of abnormal movements; and (4) activities which may facilitate…

Sellers, Jeanne Shanks

268

A Case of ADHD and a Major Y Chromosome Abnormality  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: ADHD is a common, heritable disorder of childhood. Sex chromosome abnormalities are relatively rare conditions that are sometimes associated with behavioral disorders. Method: The authors present a male child with ADHD and a major de-novo Y chromosome abnormality consisting of deletion of the long arm and duplication of the short arm.…

Mulligan, Aisling; Gill, Michael; Fitzgerald, Michael

2008-01-01

269

Abnormality on Liver Function Test  

PubMed Central

Children with abnormal liver function can often be seen in outpatient clinics or inpatients wards. Most of them have respiratory disease, or gastroenteritis by virus infection, accompanying fever. Occasionally, hepatitis by the viruses causing systemic infection may occur, and screening tests are required. In patients with jaundice, the tests for differential diagnosis and appropriate treatment are important. In the case of a child with hepatitis B virus infection vertically from a hepatitis B surface antigen positive mother, the importance of the recognition of immune clearance can't be overstressed, for the decision of time to begin treatment. Early diagnosis changes the fate of a child with Wilson disease. So, screening test for the disease should not be omitted. Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease, which is mainly discovered in obese children, is a new strong candidate triggering abnormal liver function. Muscular dystrophy is a representative disease mimicking liver dysfunction. Although muscular dystrophy is a progressive disorder, and early diagnosis can't change the fate of patients, it will be better to avoid parent's blame for delayed diagnosis. PMID:24511518

2013-01-01

270

Psychological Distress  

MedlinePLUS

orig. 06 08, rev. 06 11 PATIENT / FAMILY TEACHING SHEET Psychological Distress What is psychological distress? Uneasy ... look for ways to make memories Other HPNA Teaching Sheets on are available at www.HPNA.org. ...

271

Rehabilitation of severely mutilated teeth under general anesthesia in an emotionally immature child.  

PubMed

Dental caries is the single most common chronic childhood disease. In rampant caries, there is early pulp involvement and gross destruction of the maxillary anterior teeth as well as posterior teeth. This leads to decreased masticatory efficiency, difficulty in speech, compromised esthetics, development of abnormal tongue habits and subsequent malocclusion and psychological problems. The restoration of severely decayed primary incisors is often a procedure that presents a special challenge to dentists, particularly in an uncooperative child. This case report documents the restoration of severely mutilated deciduous teeth in an emotionally immature patient under general anesthesia. PMID:20215672

Navit, S; Katiyar, A; Samadi, F; Jaiswal, J N

2010-01-01

272

Skeletal limb abnormalities  

MedlinePLUS

Skeletal limb abnormalities may be due to: Cancer Genetic diseases and chromosomal abnormalities, including Marfan syndrome , Down syndrome, Apert syndrome , Basal cell nevus syndrome Improper position in the womb Infections during pregnancy ...

273

Positive Psychology \\  

Microsoft Academic Search

Positive psychology is the study of human strength, resilience, and optimal human functioning. The goal of positive psychology is to make people happier by understanding and building positive emotion, gratification and meaning. The constructs of happiness, hope, optimism, well-being, resilience and flow are examined in how they relate to positive psychology. The \\

Andrew W Fleming

2006-01-01

274

Military psychology  

Microsoft Academic Search

This is a selected bibliography of psychological publications relevant to war and military endeavor prepared at the request of the Emergency Committee in Psychology appointed by the Division of Anthropology and Psychology of the National Research Council. There are 14 sections by 27 collaborators: army transport personnel, aviation, classification of military personnel, effects of certain drugs on mental and motor

C. C. Pratt

1941-01-01

275

Congenital and Developmental Abnormalities  

Microsoft Academic Search

Congenital and developmental abnormalities influencing life are rare. They mainly consist of pectus deformities, sternal fusion\\u000a abnormalities and clavicular pseudoarthrosis. The most life-threatening abnormality is cleft sternum which may leave the heart\\u000a and great vessels unprotected.

Anne Grethe Jurik

276

Measuring Abnormal Bond Performance  

Microsoft Academic Search

We analyze the empirical power and specification of test statistics designed to detect abnormal bond returns in corporate event studies, using monthly and daily data. We find that test statistics based on frequently used methods of calculating abnormal monthly bond returns are biased. Most methods implemented in monthly data also lack power to detect abnormal returns. We also consider unique

Hendrik Bessembinder; Kathleen M. Kahle; William F. Maxwell; Danielle Xu

2009-01-01

277

http://pss.sagepub.com/ Psychological Science  

E-print Network

of faces, and if so, how early in development they do so in an adultlike manner.1 If adult- child agreementhttp://pss.sagepub.com/ Psychological Science http://pss.sagepub.com/content/early/2014 February 2014Psychological Science Emily J. Cogsdill, Alexander T. Todorov, Elizabeth S. Spelke

Todorov, Alex

278

A brief history of clinical psychology  

Microsoft Academic Search

The history of clinical psychology from just prior to the turn of the century to date is reviewed. Included are the topics: the psychometric tradition; the dynamic tradition; the psychologist in the clinic, the child guidance center, the mental hospital, and the home for mentally defective; psychology as a profession. These topics are organized under the headings of the 1920's

Robert I. Watson

1953-01-01

279

Parent Education: Implications for Educational Psychology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Educational psychology departments should offer to interested students throughout the university a parent education course stressing child development and the educational process. As a result of declining enrollments in schools of education, professors of educational psychology need to develop new courses applicable to new student populations.…

Dembo, Myron H.

280

Child Sexual Abuse Myths: Attitudes, Beliefs, and Individual Differences  

Microsoft Academic Search

Child sexual abuse myths comprise incorrect beliefs regarding sexual abuse, victims, and perpetrators. Relations among myth acceptance, responses to disclosure, legal decisions, and victims' subsequent psychological and health outcomes underscore the importance of understanding child sexual abuse myths. Despite accurate knowledge regarding child sexual abuse among many professional and other individuals, child sexual abuse myths persist. A Google search produced

Lisa DeMarni Cromer; Rachel E. Goldsmith

2010-01-01

281

Behavioral Treatment of the Victims of Child Abuse and Neglect  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although there is little debate that victims of child abuse and neglect suffer ill effect, scientifically validated, behavioral treatment of child victims is virtually nonexistent. This article examines three pertinent facets of the child-maltreatment knowledge base: (a) national child abuse and neglect reporting, (b) empirical investigations of the psychological effects of mal-treatment, and (c) a small number of treatment outcome

John W. Fantuzzo

1990-01-01

282

Economic Pressure and Children's Psychological Functioning  

Microsoft Academic Search

We examined the mediating role of family dynamics (marital quality, parental depression) in the link between economic pressure and child psychological functioning using the data from the National Survey of Family and Households (NSFH). From the initial multiethnic probability sample, we used a subsample of 2998 parents with a focal child 5 to 17 years of age. We used structural

Mihaela Robila; Ambika Krishnakumar

2006-01-01

283

Economic Pressure and Children's Psychological Functioning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We examined the mediating role of family dynamics (marital quality, parental depression) in the link between economic pressure and child psychological functioning using the data from the National Survey of Family and Households (NSFH). From the initial multiethnic probability sample, we used a subsample of 2998 parents with a focal child 5 to 17…

Robila, Mihaela; Krishnakumar, Ambika

2006-01-01

284

Developmental Psychology Syllabus 1 Psychology 2301  

E-print Network

: (a) Psychology 60 Introduction This course focuses upon development across the lifespan. DuringDevelopmental Psychology Syllabus 1 Psychology 2301 Developmental Psychology Instructor: Tilbe note that the Psychology Department will drop all students who do not meet the following prerequisites

Goksun, Tilbe

285

HISTORY OF PSYCHOLOGY Psychology 805  

E-print Network

-mail attachment #12;2 Recommended 1. Historical dictionaries of psychology Warren, H.C., Ed. (1934). Dictionary of Psychology. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company (BF 31.W3) Baldwin, J.M., Ed. (1901; reprinted 1960). Dictionary. (1925). Dictionary of Philosophy and Psychology: including many of the principal conceptions of ethics

Liu, Taosheng

286

Socioecological psychology.  

PubMed

Socioecological psychology investigates humans' cognitive, emotional, and behavioral adaption to physical, interpersonal, economic, and political environments. This article summarizes three types of socioecological psychology research: (a) association studies that link an aspect of social ecology (e.g., population density) with psychology (e.g., prosocial behavior), (b) process studies that clarify why there is an association between social ecology and psychology (e.g., residential mobility ? anxiety ? familiarity seeking), and (c) niche construction studies that illuminate how psychological states give rise to the creation and maintenance of a social ecology (e.g., familiarity seeking ? dominance of national chain stores). Socioecological psychology attempts to bring the objectivist perspective to psychological science, investigating how objective social and physical environments, not just perception and construal of the environments, affect one's thinking, feeling, and behaviors, as well as how people's thinking, feeling, and behaviors give rise to social and built environments. PMID:23987114

Oishi, Shigehiro

2014-01-01

287

Causal Inference and Developmental Psychology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Causal inference is of central importance to developmental psychology. Many key questions in the field revolve around improving the lives of children and their families. These include identifying risk factors that if manipulated in some way would foster child development. Such a task inherently involves causal inference: One wants to know whether…

Foster, E. Michael

2010-01-01

288

The Mushroom Curriculum: Using Natural History to Teach Psychology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the development and content of a freshman seminar titled "The Psychology of Mushrooms," which teaches psychology as natural history. This approach allowed the course to proceed from concrete experience to general principals of perception, learning, social, and abnormal psychology. (Author/LS)

Sommer, Robert

1989-01-01

289

Psychology Major Advising Student Checklist Fall 2011 Requirements  

E-print Network

3030 Abnormal Psychology Fall 3 M Tr Sub ; __________ PSY 3750 Judgment and Decision Making Spring 3/Year:_____________________ A copy of this form will be kept in the Psychology Office. Please meet with an advisor annually to update;Psychology - Courses 42 credits Course Number *When Offered Sem./ Year Cr. Requirement Satisfied? PSY 2000

290

Developmental Psychology 1983, Vol. 19, No. 3,445-451  

E-print Network

, on the contrary, is mostly determined by the adult participant. It isimpossiblefor the child to answer a "whatDevelopmental Psychology 1983, Vol. 19, No. 3,445-451 Copyright 1983 by the American Psychological was carried out with the aid of a grant by the Human Development Center of the Department of Psychology

Friedman, Nir

291

Dual Diagnosis: Intellectual Disability and Oppositional Defiant Disorder  

E-print Network

conduct disorder. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 21(disorder: Results from the national comorbidity survey replication. Journal of Child Psychology anddisorder in children with intellectual delays? Clinical Psychology

Christensen, Lisa Louise

2012-01-01

292

Psychological behaviorism and behaviorizing psychology.  

PubMed

Paradigmatic or psychological behaviorism (PB), in a four-decade history of development, has been shaped by its goal, the establishment of a behaviorism that can also serve as the approach in psychology (Watson's original goal). In the process, PB has become a new generation of behaviorism with abundant heuristic avenues for development in theory, philosophy, methodology, and research. Psychology has resources, purview and problem areas, and nascent developments of many kinds, gathered in chaotic diversity, needing unification (and other things) that cognitivism cannot provide. Behaviorism can, within PB's multilevel framework for connecting and advancing both psychology and behaviorism. PMID:22478175

Staats, A W

1994-01-01

293

Comparative psychology  

Microsoft Academic Search

Comments on Notes on the Psychic Development of the Young White Rat, by Willard S. Small (American Journal of Psychology, Vol. XI., No. I, Oct., 1899. Pp. 80-100; ; An Experimental Study of the Mental Processes of the Rat, by Willard S. Small (American Journal of Psychology, Vol. XI., No. 2, Jan., 1900. Pp. 133-165; ; Notes on the Individual

Edward Thorndike

1900-01-01

294

Behavioural consequences of child abuse  

PubMed Central

Abstract Objective To discuss the consequences of abuse on childhood behavioural development, to highlight some behavioural clues that might alert physicians to ongoing child abuse, and to explore the specific role of the family physician in this clinical situation. Sources of information A systematic search was used to review relevant research, clinical review articles, and child protection agency websites. Main message A child’s behaviour is an outward manifestation of inner stability and security. It is a lens through which the family physician can observe the development of the child throughout his or her life. All types of abuse are damaging to children—physically, emotionally, and psychologically—and can cause long-term difficulties with behaviour and mental health development. Family physicians need to be aware of and alert to the indicators of child abuse and neglect so that appropriate interventions can be provided to improve outcomes for those children. Conclusion Child abuse might cause disordered psychological development and behaviour problems. Family physicians have an important role in recognizing behaviour clues that suggest child abuse and in providing help to protect children. PMID:23946022

Al Odhayani, Abdulaziz; Watson, William J.; Watson, Lindsay

2013-01-01

295

Child maltreatment: An ecological integration  

Microsoft Academic Search

Divergent etiological viewpoints of child abuse stress psychological disturbance in parents, abuse-eliciting characteristics of children, dysfunctional patterns of family interaction, stress-inducing social forces, and abuse-promoting cultural values. A conceptual framework that integrates these viewpoints is proposed to show that much of the theoretical conflict that has characterized the study of child maltreatment is more apparent than real. The framework conceptualizes

Jay Belsky

1980-01-01

296

Change in psychological problems of adolescents with and without visual impairment.  

PubMed

The present study analyzed change in psychological problems of German adolescents with and without visual impairment across a 2-year interval. A total of 182 adolescents with severe visual impairment and 560 sighted adolescents provided longitudinal data. At the start of the study, adolescents with visual impairment had, on average, elevated scores on all difficulties scales of the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) (Goodman R, J Child Psychol Psychiat 38:581-586), 1997 and about 39 % of them scored in the abnormal range of one or more scales as compared to 30.5 % of their sighted peers (p < 0.05). However, between-group differences of emotional and total problems declined over time. While adolescents who are blind and those who have low vision had similar levels of psychological problems, SDQ scores showed less improvement in adolescents with an earlier age at onset of vision loss. In conclusion, a minority of adolescents with visual impairment and with early onset of visual impairment in particular, may benefit from psychological interventions aimed at preventing and reducing psychological problems and increasing the ability to cope with stressors associated with vision loss. PMID:24132832

Pinquart, Martin; Pfeiffer, Jens P

2014-07-01

297

Health psychology training in doctoral psychology programs  

Microsoft Academic Search

Presents the results of a Division 38 (the health psychology division of the American Psychological Association) survey of graduate training programs in psychology, along with facility-specific information on doctoral training opportunities in health psychology as of Fall 1981. 310 questionnaires were returned from psychology programs; 53 indicated that doctoral training in health psychology was available at their institution. It was

Cynthia D. Belar; Eugenie Wilson; Howard Hughes

1982-01-01

298

PSYCHOLOGY MAJORS --1 PSYCHOLOGY MAJORS --2  

E-print Network

and the world: Developmental Psychology, Social Psy- chology, Cognitive Psychology, Theories of PersonalityPSYCHOLOGY MAJORS -- 1 #12;PSYCHOLOGY MAJORS -- 2 Handbook for Undergraduate Psychology Majors......................................................................................................................................2 A. Psychology Program Goals and Purpose B. Declaration of Major C. History of Marquette University

Sanders, Matthew

299

Department of Psychology Psychology Minor Requirements  

E-print Network

Department of Psychology Psychology Minor Requirements The minor program in Psychology is designed to expose students to a variety of content areas in the field of Psychology and to provide the student with the ability to evaluate Psychology researcher as a consumer. To declare a Psychology minor, the student must

Chase, Sheila

300

Prediction and Prevention of Child Abuse and Neglect.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examined was the feasibility of predicting the potential for abnormal child rearing practices, including child abuse and neglect among 350 mothers. Through interviews, questionnaires, and observations during labor, delivery and the postpartum period, 100 mothers were identified as at high risk for abnormal parenting procedures. Ss were then…

Gray, Jane D.; And Others

301

PROGRAM HANDBOOK SCHOOL PSYCHOLOGY  

E-print Network

PROGRAM HANDBOOK SCHOOL PSYCHOLOGY SPECIALIZATION (NASP-Approved) IN EDUCATIONAL PSYCHOLOGY information specific to the School Psychology Specialization. This specialization is fully approved ................................................................................................ 3 THE DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATIONAL PSYCHOLOGY .............................. 3 SCHOOL PSYCHOLOGY

Saldin, Dilano

302

Challenges facing child protection.  

PubMed

The challenges facing children in the 21st century are immense and will need to be faced if we are to achieve the goal of child protection for all. Three specific constraints on child protection are examined in this article, namely poverty, HIV/AIDS infection, and war. The authors use their experience in Africa to raise issues of resilience and adaptation, dangers to child protection programs, and possible solutions. Poverty can be both financial and psychological, and this affects the effect of prevention programs. In many African and Asian countries, the AIDS pandemic has changed the social structure of society with AIDS orphans and children infected and affected by HIV/AIDS becoming more common. The impact has devastating effects on the way we view child protection and in particular child sexual abuse. The consequences of post-traumatic stress resulting from war needs to be addressed, and the development of programs that place children in the center of relief programs to foster a culture of child protection is essential. Finally, the article notes that the picture is not overly pessimistic and the examines the achievements in the field of children's rights which underpin all programs aimed at protecting children and the future need to consolidate successes achieved. PMID:12201157

Lachman, Peter; Poblete, Ximena; Ebigbo, Peter O; Nyandiya-Bundy, Sally; Bundy, Robert P; Killian, Bev; Doek, Jaap

2002-06-01

303

POSTTRAUMATIC GROWTH AMONG HOLOCAUST CHILD SURVIVORS  

Microsoft Academic Search

The objective of this study was to examine the relationship between posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptomatology, personal resources, and posttraumatic growth (PTG) in Holocaust child survivors. Ninety-seven nonclinical Holocaust child survivors who were born after 1930 were administered self-report questionnaires with regard to PTG, psychological distress, potency, and perceived social support. Results indicated that arousal, a PTSD category, and PTG

RACHEL LEV-WIESEL; MARIANNE AMIR

2003-01-01

304

Suggested Standards for Child Abuse Evaluations  

Microsoft Academic Search

Psychologists are frequently retained by the judicial system to evaluate alleged victims and defendants in child abuse cases. The standard of service provided in such cases ranges from competent and comprehensive to levels of such incompetence as to be beyond description. Psychological evaluations of either the victim or the defendant in child abuse cases should be done only by psychologists

Sherry L. Skidmore

1990-01-01

305

Child Development and Behavior Branch (CDBB)  

E-print Network

Child Development and Behavior Branch (CDBB) NICHD Report to the NACHHD Council January 2009 U Institute of Child Health and Human Development The information in this document is no longer current......................................................................... 8 DEVELOPMENTAL COGNITIVE PSYCHOLOGY, BEHAVIORAL NEUROSCIENCE, AND PSYCHOBIOLOGY (DEV-CBNP) PROGRAM

Rau, Don C.

306

Abnormal haemoglobins: detection & characterization  

PubMed Central

Haemoglobin (Hb) abnormalities though quite frequent, are generally detected in populations during surveys and programmes run for prevention of Hb disorders. Several methods are now available for detection of Hb abnormalities. In this review, the following are discussed: (i) the methods used for characterization of haemoglobin disorders; (ii) the problems linked to diagnosis of thalassaemic trait; (iii) the strategy for detection of common Hb variants; and (iv) the difficulties in identification of rare variants. The differences between developing and industrialized countries for the strategies employed in the diagnosis of abnormal haemoglobins are considered. We mention the limits and pitfalls for each approach and the necessity to characterize the abnormalities using at least two different methods. The recommended strategy is to use a combination of cation-exchange high performance chromatography (CE-HPLC), capillary electrophoresis (CE) and when possible isoelectric focusing (IEF). Difficult cases may demand further investigations requiring specialized protein and/or molecular biology techniques. PMID:22089618

Wajcman, Henri; Moradkhani, Kamran

2011-01-01

307

Tooth - abnormal colors  

MedlinePLUS

... Questions may involve: When the abnormal coloration began Foods you have been eating Medications you are taking Personal and family health history Exposure to fluoride Oral care habits Other symptoms ...

308

[Psychological harassment].  

PubMed

Two types of harassment are distinguished: sexual and psychological. In the private sector, according to French labour laws and the penal code, psychological harassment is actionable. It is up to the employer to prove the absence of harassment. The sanctions incurred can be up to 5 years imprisonment and a 150,000 euro fine and various measures of compensation for damages can be envisaged. PMID:23672157

Puech, Paloma; Pitcho, Benjamin

2013-04-01

309

Child Abuse  

MedlinePLUS

... suicide or become violent. An older child may use drugs or alcohol, try to run away or abuse others. Child abuse is a serious problem. If you suspect a child is being abused or neglected, call the police or your local child welfare agency.

310

Child And Family Studies Department Of Child And Family Studies  

E-print Network

in a variety of fields including social work, psychology, medicine, family law, counseling, health care, child understanding of the development of the individual over the life span in diverse family and cultural settings across social, cultural, and contextual settings and the strengths and resiliency factors that foster

McConnell, Terry

311

Neuroimaging of schizophrenia: structural abnormalities and pathophysiological implications  

PubMed Central

Schizophrenia, once considered a psychological malady devoid of any organic brain substrate, has been the focus of intense neuroimaging research. Findings reveal mild but generalized tissue loss as well as more selective focal loss. It is unclear whether these abnormalities reflect neurodevelopmental or neurodegenerative processes, or some combination of each; current evidence favors a preponderance of neurodevelopmental abnormalities. The pattern of brain abnormalities is also influenced by environmental and genetic risk factors, as well as by the course (and possibly even treatment) of this illness. These findings are described in this article. PMID:18568069

Buckley, Peter F

2005-01-01

312

Parent-Child Relationships and ADHD Symptoms: A Longitudinal Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Evidence both from psychological research and clinical intervention studies suggests that there are bidirectional influences between overt child behavior problems and parent-child relations. Very little research however, has considered the pattern of relations that exists between Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) and the parent-child

Lifford, Kate J.; Harold, Gordon T.; Thapar, Anita

2008-01-01

313

Early Canadian Child Study: From Baldwin and Tracy to Blatz.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A brief overview of the history of the scientific study of the child in Canada is provided in this paper. Discussion begins with an account of the scholarly interests and activities of James Mark Baldwin, who brought modern psychology to Canada, and Frederic Tracy, who objected to child-centered approaches to child rearing. The remainder of the…

Wright, Mary J.

314

Child Sexual Abuse Myths: Attitudes, Beliefs, and Individual Differences  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Child sexual abuse myths comprise incorrect beliefs regarding sexual abuse, victims, and perpetrators. Relations among myth acceptance, responses to disclosure, legal decisions, and victims' subsequent psychological and health outcomes underscore the importance of understanding child sexual abuse myths. Despite accurate knowledge regarding child

Cromer, Lisa DeMarni; Goldsmith, Rachel E.

2010-01-01

315

Parents' Perceptions of Their Child's Resilience and Competencies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined parental views of their child's educability through the parents' perceptions of their child's resilience. The purposes of the study were: (1) to examine psychometric properties of the rating scale created to measure parental views of their child's educational and psychological resilience, (2) to explore whether the parents'…

Karkkainen, Riitta; Raty, Hannu; Kasanen, Kati

2009-01-01

316

Education and the Child Labor Paradox Today. Essay Review of "Children on the Streets of the Americas" (Roslyn A. Mickelson, editor); "The Policy Analysis of Child Labor: A Comparative Study" (Christiaan Grootaert, Harry Anthony Patrinos); "What Works for Working Children?" (Jo Boyden, Birgitta Ling, William Myers); "Child Employment in Britain: A Social and Psychological Analysis" (Sandy Hobbs, Jim McKechnie); and "Bud, Not Buddy" (Christopher Paul Curtis).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews five books on child labor, published 1997-2000, with reference to the International Labour Organization's 1999 convention that retreats from its previous hard stance on child labor. Discusses street children; public policy on child labor, child welfare, and school attendance; types of children's work; and working children as agents…

Post, David

2001-01-01

317

Girl child and social change.  

PubMed

This article discusses the state of social change and the disparity between India's Constitutional aims and actual practice in addressing gender inequality and the special risks of female children in India. The second part of this article summarizes Constitutional articles and laws relating to protection of women and a girl child. Before birth, a female child is at risk of fetal death. A woman is at risk of poorly performed abortions and maternal mortality. After birth, a girl child is at risk of child care of younger siblings, housework, lack of education, wage work for the household, sexual abuse, vulnerability at work or school or on the street, murder by her parents, abuse, malnutrition, and desertion. The SAARC summit declared 1990 the Year of the Girl Child. UN conventions and a world summit focused on the Rights of the Child. A child has a right to freedom from exploitation, neglect and abuse, and access to food, health care, and education. Articles 14, 15, and 16 of India's Constitution guarantee protection from discrimination on grounds of religion, race, caste, sex, or place of birth and equality of opportunity in public employment. Article 23 prohibits trafficking in humans and forced labor. Article 24 prohibits child labor under the age of 14 years. Article 39 assures an adequate means of livelihood, equal pay, and protection from child abuse and economic pressure to work in jobs unsuitable to a child's age and strength. Article 45 provides for free and compulsory education up to 14 years of age. Article 51 prohibits derogatory practices against women. Article 325 and 326 prohibits sex discrimination. Other laws pertain to dowry, marriage age, prostitution, abortion, juvenile justice, kidnapping, obscenity, procurement of a minor, sexual offenses, divorce and child support, child care, maternity benefits, and cruelty by a husband or relatives. The girl child in India continues to live in perpetual threat, both physiological and psychological. PMID:12157998

Seth, P

1995-01-01

318

Attitudes toward child mental health services: adaptation and development of an attitude scale  

E-print Network

Research shows that a considerable number of children and adolescents suffer needlessly from psychological problems and only about 50% of those receive the necessary services. Considering the impact of untreated child psychological problems...

Turner, Erlanger A

2006-10-30

319

Child Abuse Negl . Author manuscript Adult outcome of children reared for long-term periods in foster families  

E-print Network

Child Abuse Negl . Author manuscript Page /1 16 Adult outcome of children reared for long-Square Distribution ; Child ; Child Abuse ; psychology ; statistics & numerical data ; Child Welfare ; Child adult outcome, essentially in terms of professional status, social and family relationships. Results

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

320

Minnesota Symposia on Child Psychology. Volume 1.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Ten schizophrenic and autistic children who exhibited self destructive, tantrum, echolalic, and self stimulatory behaviors were treated by reinforcement therapy. Reinforcement withdrawal, in the form of interpersonal isolation contingent upon self-destruction, and electrical shocks served to extinguish these behaviors in some children.…

Hill, John P., Ed.

321

PSYCHOLOGY 376 CHILD DEVELOPMENT Fall 2009  

E-print Network

that is of real interest to you ­ something you have always wanted to know about young children. Students will cover many aspects of physical, cognitive/intellectual, and social/emotional development, focusing and studying) to do well in this course. Exams: There will be two midterms and a final exam. Each exam

Lockery, Shawn

322

PSYCHOLOGY 376 CHILD DEVELOPMENT WINTER 2011  

E-print Network

(computers/cell phones/etc.), or by old-fashioned talking to other students nearby. Research shows to the Information Technology Center (ITC) on the second floor in the Knight Library. ITC will also help you if you will be on reserve in the Knight Library. Lectures and Readings: Although the lectures are generally coordinated

Lockery, Shawn

323

APPLICATION POSTDOCTORAL CLINICAL CHILD PSYCHOLOGY FELLOWSHIP PROGRAM  

E-print Network

of dissertation Dissertation proposal approved: Data collected: Data analyzed: Dissertation defended: Expected of any major project (if applicable). Internship Training Internship site APA Accredited? Type of setting/ADOLESCENT TESTS # Administered and Scored # of Reports Written Autism measures (e.g., CARS, GARS, ADOS, ADI

Yoo, S. J. Ben

324

PSYCHOLOGY 376 CHILD DEVELOPMENT SPRING 2012  

E-print Network

be respectful of me, and your fellow students. Don't be disruptive in the way you use technology (computers is scientific, with an emphasis on recent research findings. Course Technology: You must have an email address best using the Firefox browser. If you do not have an email address, go to the Information Technology

Lockery, Shawn

325

PSYCHOLOGY 376 CHILD DEVELOPMENT SPRING 2009  

E-print Network

principles, with an emphasis on recent research findings, analytic thinking, and a critical evaluation biological, cognitive, social and emotional domains of change. The course approach is grounded in scientific

Lockery, Shawn

326

PSYCHOLOGY 376 CHILD DEVELOPMENT SPRING 2010  

E-print Network

on recent research findings, analytic thinking, and a critical evaluation of findings. Course Website: You and emotional domains of change. The course approach is grounded in scientific principles, with an emphasis

Lockery, Shawn

327

PSYCHOLOGY 376 CHILD DEVELOPMENT SPRING 2010  

E-print Network

findings, analytic thinking, and a critical evaluation of findings. You must have an e-mail address of change. The course approach is grounded in scientific principles, with an emphasis on recent research

Lockery, Shawn

328

Psychology 380: Cognitive Psychology Spring 2008  

E-print Network

Psychology 380: Cognitive Psychology Spring 2008 San Diego State University Instructor: Brock: Cognition: The Thinking Animal, Daniel Willingham (3rd Ed.) Prerequisite for this course: Psychology 101: Introduction to Psychology Goals for this course: Cognitive psychology is concerned with mental processes

Gallo, Linda C.

329

HISTORY OF PSYCHOLOGY Psychology 405, Section 001  

E-print Network

1 HISTORY OF PSYCHOLOGY Psychology 405, Section 001 Department of Psychology Michigan State. Text David Hothersall, History of Psychology, New York: McGraw-Hill, 4th ed., 2004 (paperback). On sale 10-339 (for topics II-XVII) because pages 1-10 (Topic I: Introduction to the History of Psychology

Liu, Taosheng

330

Child life services.  

PubMed

Child life programs are an important component of pediatric hospital-based care to address the psychosocial concerns that accompany hospitalization and other health care experiences. Child life specialists focus on the optimal development and well-being of infants, children, adolescents, and young adults while promoting coping skills and minimizing the adverse effects of hospitalization, health care, and/or other potentially stressful experiences. Using therapeutic play, expressive modalities, and psychological preparation as primary tools, in collaboration with the entire health care team and family, child life interventions facilitate coping and adjustment at times and under circumstances that might otherwise prove overwhelming for the child. Play and developmentally appropriate communication are used to: (1) promote optimal development; (2) educate children and families about health conditions; (3) prepare children and families for medical events or procedures; (4) plan and rehearse useful coping and pain management strategies; (5) help children work through feelings about past or impending experiences; and (6) establish therapeutic relationships with patients, siblings, and parents to support family involvement in each child's care. PMID:24777212

2014-05-01

331

Models of Abnormal Scarring  

PubMed Central

Keloids and hypertrophic scars are thick, raised dermal scars, caused by derailing of the normal scarring process. Extensive research on such abnormal scarring has been done; however, these being refractory disorders specific to humans, it has been difficult to establish a universal animal model. A wide variety of animal models have been used. These include the athymic mouse, rats, rabbits, and pigs. Although these models have provided valuable insight into abnormal scarring, there is currently still no ideal model. This paper reviews the models that have been developed. PMID:24078916

Seo, Bommie F.; Lee, Jun Yong; Jung, Sung-No

2013-01-01

332

Stanford Psychology  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

A host of online educational initiatives during the past few years have brought lectures from all over the world into the homes into many persons who may not have access to such programs in their own local communities. One such website brings the insights and collected knowledge of various members of Stanford University's renowned psychology department to the Internet-browsing public. The lectures address such topics as the psychology of evil, the role of parents in their children's lives, and the role of personal and collective efficacy. Along with these individual talks presented by various members of the psychology faculty, there are several nice panel sessions on the nature of language and the cultural shaping of emotion. Finally, the site also contains the lively question-and-answer sessions that followed each panel session.

333

PSYCHOLOGICAL MANAGEMENT OF CHILDHOOD ASTHMA  

PubMed Central

Over-emphasis on physical factors in asthma probably has come about because psychological factors have seemed elusive, difficult to define and often misleading. Several concepts of classic causes of emotional disturbances that abet asthmatic attacks in children may be helpful in management of the patient and his environs. The first concept has to do with feelings of inadequacy in the mother which lead her to place the burden of decision-making upon the child. She is thus able to give the child very little support and communicates to him her anxiety. Often encouragement to the mother, through the physician's pointing out her very real capacities and achievements can be helpful to the child. The second concept has to do with the asthmatic child's character structure and his assumption of a pseudo-mature position. Among the things the physician can do is to advise the parents as to what is age-appropriate behavior for the child and instruct them in ways to make the child recognize his position of dependence. The third concept concerns threat of separation as a precipitant to the asthma attack. To deal with such a situation the physician may make a number of recommendations of methods for alleviating such a threat. In some families, the degree of disturbance is so great that the parents cannot respond to the physician's advice and may need psychiatric referral. Clues for recognizing such a situation are given along with recommendations on how to make a successful referral. PMID:14154286

Selesnick, Sheldon T.; Friedman, David Belais; Augenbraun, Bernice

1964-01-01

334

[Psychological debriefing].  

PubMed

Diagnostic criteria for stress reactions and adjustment disorders are summarized. Existing psychological treatments are outlined with a focus on evidence-based methods, and recommendations for treatment are described. The conclusion is that there is no evidence for the effect of psychological debriefing or other professional treatment in the immediate aftermath of traumatic events. On the other hand, cognitive behavioural therapy, EMDR and similar methods with focus on exposure can be recommended, both as a preventive strategy and for patients with post-traumatic stress disorder. PMID:19284905

Arendt, Mikkel; Rosenberg, Raben

2009-02-16

335

Child emotional security and interparental conflict.  

PubMed

Guided by the emotional security hypothesis developed by Davies & Cummings (1994), studies were conducted to test a conceptual refinement of children's adjustment to parental conflict in relation to hypotheses of other prominent theories. Study 1 examined whether the pattern of child responses to simulations of adult conflict tactics and topics was consistent with the emotional security hypothesis and social learning theory in a sample of 327 Welsh children. Supporting the emotional security hypothesis, child reports of fear, avoidance, and involvement were especially prominent responses to destructive conflict. Study 2 examined the relative roles of child emotional insecurity and social-cognitive appraisals in accounting for associations between parental conflict and child psychological symptoms in a sample of 285 Welsh children and parents. Findings indicated that child emotional insecurity was a robust intervening process in the prospective links between parental conflict and child maladjustment even when intervening processes proposed in the social-cognitive models were included in the analyses. Studies 3 and 4 explored pathways among parental conflict, child emotional insecurity, and psychological adjustment in the broader family context with a sample of 174 children and mothers. Supporting the emotional security hypothesis, Study 3 findings indicated that child insecurity continued to mediate the link between parental conflict and child maladjustment even after specifying the effects of other parenting processes. Parenting difficulties accompanying interparental conflict were related to child maladjustment through their association with insecure parent-child attachment. In support of the emotional security hypothesis, Study 4 findings indicated that family instability, parenting difficulties, and parent-child attachment insecurity potentiated mediational pathways among parental conflict, child insecurity, and maladjustment. Family cohesiveness, interparental satisfaction, and interparental expressiveness appeared to be protective factors in these mediational paths. No support was found for the social learning theory prediction that parent-child warmth would amplify associations between parental conflict and child disruptive behaviors. PMID:12528424

Davies, Patrick T; Harold, Gordon T; Goeke-Morey, Marcie C; Cummings, E Mark; Shelton, Katherine; Rasi, Jennifer A

2002-01-01

336

Using social robots to study abnormal social development  

E-print Network

test that can diagnose autism. Diagnosis relies on the clinician's intuitive feel for the child in their construction, can be unique tools in the study of abnormal social development. Autism is a pervasive evaluations of children for autism per year, this paper discusses how social robots will make an impact

Scassellati, Brian

337

Forty Years of Introductory Psychology: An Analysis of the First 10 Editions of Hilgard et al.'s Textbook.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Analyzes 10 editions of an introductory college psychology textbook to determine changes in the content. Reveals that coverage of consciousness, personality, abnormal (disorders), therapies, and social psychology increased, while coverage of introductory material, learning, methods, intelligence, developmental psychology, and applied psychology

Griggs, Richard A.; Jackson, Sherri L.

1996-01-01

338

SCHOOL PSYCHOLOGY ACTIVITIES CHECKLIST Psychology 685  

E-print Network

6/1/2011 SCHOOL PSYCHOLOGY ACTIVITIES CHECKLIST Psychology 685 Millersville University/School/Community Collaboration Domain 9: Research and Program Evaluation Domain 10: School Psychology Practice and Development: ______________ Review pertinent folders ______________ Interview teacher/school personnel ______________ Observe

Hardy, Christopher R.

339

Clinical Psychology Unit. Doctor of Clinical Psychology  

E-print Network

Clinical Psychology Unit. Doctor of Clinical Psychology Annual Placement Report November 2013 standards for clinical psychology training programmes, as set out the placements they completed between September 2012 and October 2013. Clinical

Stone, J. V.

340

Detection of Abnormal Hemoglobins.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

An intensive literature survey was performed to review the methods and products used to detect, identify and/or quantitate abnormal or variant hemoglobins in human erythrocytes. The report consists of a bibliography (198 citations, 1968-1979) and a summar...

J. Atwater, B. E. Hindman, K. Joseph

1979-01-01

341

Psychological Experience of Parents of Children With Type 1 Diabetes  

PubMed Central

Purpose The purpose of this review is to describe the prevalence of psychological distress in parents of children with type 1 diabetes (T1DM), the relationship between parental psychological distress and health outcomes, and parents’ psychological experience of having a child with T1DM. Clinical and research implications are presented. Method A systematic mixed-studies review was undertaken to review the quantitative and qualitative research on the parental experience of having a child with T1DM. A total of 34 articles met the inclusion criteria and were included in the review. Results The prevalence of parental psychological distress across all studies ranged from 10% to 74%, with an average of 33.5% of parents reporting distress at diagnosis and 19% of parents reporting distress 1 to 4 years after diagnosis. Parental psychological distress in parents of children with T1DM, regardless of how it was defined, was associated with higher child self-report of stress and depressive symptoms, more problematic child behavior, and lower child self-report of quality of life. Parental psychological distress also had negative effects on diabetes management. Themes of the qualitative synthesis indicated that parents perceived T1DM as a difficult diagnosis that contributed to significant family disruption. Adjustment occurred over time; however, ongoing stress was experienced. Conclusions Screening for psychological distress in parents of children with T1DM is indicated, and preventive interventions are needed. PMID:22581804

Whittemore, Robin; Jaser, Sarah; Chao, Ariana; Jang, Myoungock; Grey, Margaret

2012-01-01

342

ORIGINAL RESEARCH--PSYCHOLOGY Sexual Function and Satisfaction in Adults Based on the  

E-print Network

of Child Sexual Abuse Alessandra Rellini, MA,* and Cindy Meston, PhD *Department of Psychology, University in the association between child sexual abuse (CSA) and adult sexual function. One of the proposed explanationsORIGINAL RESEARCH--PSYCHOLOGY Sexual Function and Satisfaction in Adults Based on the Definition

Meston, Cindy

343

Recall of Childhood Neglect and Physical Abuse as Differential Predictors of Current Psychological Functioning.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Histories of child neglect or child physical abuse were correlated with psychological functioning in 236 male and 276 female undergraduates. Childhood neglect was more predictive of psychological problems and anxious attachment styles than was physical abuse. Results suggest neglect and physical abuse are potentially separate moderators of…

Gauthier, Lisa; And Others

1996-01-01

344

Disobedient Child  

MedlinePLUS

... or resort to violence? What is your usual style of relating to your child, and what forms ... Sledding Safety (Audio) International Adoptions Recommend Testing Foster Parenting Changing Your Child's Behavior Consistent Snoring in Toddlers ...

345

Child Nutrition  

MedlinePLUS

A healthy diet helps children grow and learn. It also helps prevent obesity and weight-related diseases, such as diabetes. To give your child a nutritious diet Make half of what is on your child's ...

346

Children's Rights and School Psychology: An Introduction to the Multiple Journal Series Honoring the 25th Anniversary of the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This year, 2014, is the 25th anniversary of the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child--the world's "positive ideology" and its clearest statement of commitments to and respect and aspirations for the dignity of the child. To commemorate this landmark, a program of articles by respected experts has been organized to…

Mcloughlin, Caven S.; Hart, Stuart N.

2014-01-01

347

Psychology Experiments.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A goal of the PsychExperiments project was to reduce the financial burden on psychology departments for hardware/software used in their laboratories. In its third year, the PsychExperiments site now hosts 39 experiments. Over 200 classrooms worldwide have signed up as official site users and there have been nearly 10,000 data sessions conducted.…

McGraw, Ken; Tew, Mark D.; Williams, John E.

2001-01-01

348

PSYCHOLOGICAL SUl  

E-print Network

- PSYCHOLOGICAL SUl::NU: Research Report CAN IMITATION IN PIGEONS BE EXPLAINED BY LOCAL ENHANCEMENT TOGETHER. sug- gested this finding showed observer pigeons huJ learned by imitation to peck at or step on the treadle. However, the same result might have been obtained if pigeons had learned to step on the treadle

Galef Jr., Bennett G.

349

Psychological Trivia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Discusses trivia related to the history of psychology (with many fun examples such as: What are the names of Pavlov's original dogs?) and the relationship of this game to students learning how to use library resources (in attempts to answer such trivia questions), as well as the relevance of such knowledge.

Robert S. Harper

1970-01-01

350

Psychology, measurements  

E-print Network

of Psychology, University of Reading, UK Abstract Several recent papers have described how lexical properties. At a practical level, word co­occurrence statistics are used to generate high dimensional vector space representations and appropriate distance metrics are defined on those spaces. The resulting co­occurrence vectors

Bullinaria, John

351

Kenneth Kotovsky Psychology Department  

E-print Network

. --Cognitive Psychology, referee. --Cognitive Science, referee. --JEP General, referee. --Journal of MemoryVita Kenneth Kotovsky Address: Psychology Department Carnegie Mellon University Pittsburgh, PA-Mellon University Psychology Department: ---Professor & Dir. Undergraduate Studies in Psychology, 2000-Present

352

Effects of Psychology Courseware Use on Computer Anxiety in Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes study that examined the relationship between computer anxiety and the use of psychology courseware in an undergraduate abnormal psychology class using four computerized case simulations. Comparisons of pretest and posttest computer anxiety measures are described, and the relationship between computer anxiety/attitudes and computer use is…

Lambert, Matthew E.; Lenthall, Gerard

1989-01-01

353

Incorporating Published Autobiographies into the Abnormal Psychology Course.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Explores six methods for incorporating into courses published autobiographies written by individuals suffering from mental disorders: (1) outside readings; (2) examples for classroom lectures; (3) primary texts for discussion sections; (4) remedial or extra-credit assignments; (5) information resources; and (6) source books for topical seminars.…

Norcross, John C.; Sommer, Robert; Clifford, Jennifer S.

2001-01-01

354

THE ABNORMAL PSYCHOLOGY OF CREATIVITY AND THE PATHOLOGY OF NORMALITY  

Microsoft Academic Search

Psychiatry faces a little-recognized dilemma in understanding and treating creative individuals. On the one hand, it is well established that extremes of mood among the creative are often valued by them, and hence they may resist treatment for affective disorders and discontinue prescribed medication. On the other hand, it is not well understood that many of the disorders ascribed to

Steven James Bartlett

355

Child Development  

MedlinePLUS

Start of Search Controls Search Form Controls Child Development Cancel Submit Search The CDC CDC A-Z Index MENU CDC A-Z SEARCH A B C D E F G H I ... Z # Start of Search Controls Search Form Controls Child Development Cancel Submit Search The CDC Child Development Note: ...

356

How Much Do Students Remember from an Introductory Psychology Course?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Nearly 100 students were given a Pre-Test in psychology on the first day of class without warning in order to assess their knowledge of basic course content derived from the prerequisites of the course (PSYC-100 Introduction to Psychology or PSYC-220 Child Development) and other life experiences. This was intended as a low-stakes testing…

Herman, William E.

2010-01-01

357

PSYCHOLOGICAL ASSESSMENT OF INTERPERSONAL VICTIMIZATION EFFECTS IN ADULTS AND CHILDREN  

Microsoft Academic Search

Because clinical awareness of victimization effects is a relatively recent phenomenon, the field is only now developing assessment methodologies relevant to victims of interpersonal violence. This article reviews current information on the psychological assessment of children and adults with victimization histories, both in terms of general psychological tests such as the MMPI, Rorschach, and Child Behavior Checklist, and trauma-specific measures

John Briere; Diana M. Elliott

1997-01-01

358

My Child Redeems My Broken Dreams: On Parents Transferring Their Unfulfilled Ambitions onto Their Child  

PubMed Central

From the early days of psychology, theorists have observed that parents sometimes transfer their own unfulfilled ambitions onto their child. We propose that parents are especially inclined to do so when they see their child as part of themselves, more so than as a separate individual. When parents see their child as part of themselves, their child’s achievements may easily come to function as a surrogate for parents’ own unfulfilled ambitions. In the present experiment, 73 parents (89% women, Mage?=?43 years) were randomly assigned to reflect on either their own or others’ unfulfilled ambitions. Results showed that, when faced with their own unfulfilled ambitions, parents who see their child as part of themselves want their child to fulfill their unfulfilled ambitions. This study provides the first experimental evidence to suggest that parents may desire their child to redeem their broken dreams. PMID:23840325

Brummelman, Eddie; Thomaes, Sander; Slagt, Meike; Overbeek, Geertjan; de Castro, Bram Orobio; Bushman, Brad J.

2013-01-01

359

A Coaching Psychology Perspective  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In "Psychology in its place" (2008), John Radford considers "what is or should be the "place" of Psychology in education, more particularly Higher Education". In this article, the author looks at the possible inclusion of coaching psychology within undergraduate psychology programmes. Coaching psychology as an applied area of psychology

Palmer, Stephen

2008-01-01

360

The Psychology of Teaching Psychology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Argues that psychology instructors should capitalize upon students' eagerness for self-disclosure and that course material should be channeled toward meeting this need. Examines the use of specific personality inventory tests measuring memory, motivation, creativity, and emotion as a link between course material and the students' personal…

Osaze, Jana D.

1980-01-01

361

Adequately address abnormal operations  

SciTech Connect

Abnormal situation management (ASM) is a safety issue, and safety long has been a top priority for companies in the chemical process industries (CPI). To investigate and identify root causes of abnormal operations and to pinpoint best practices for preventing these situations or at least handling them most effectively, the author formed a team and conducted surveys around the world, including the US, Canada, the United Kingdom, Europe, and Japan. The author visited a variety of facilities, including gas processing plants, oil refineries, a coker, ethylene plant, polyethylene units, steam-generating stations, as well as transportation and storage facilities. The team identified eight key issues: lack of management leadership; the significant role of human errors; inadequate design of the work environment; absence of procedures for dealing with abnormal operations (as opposed to emergencies); loss of valuable information from earlier minor incidents; the potential economic return; transferability of good ASM performance to other plants; and the importance of teamwork and job design. The paper looks at each of these in more detail, as well as what`s involved in assessing the ASM at a site.

Nimmo, I. [Honeywell Industrial Automation and Control, Phoenix, AZ (United States)

1995-09-01

362

Enhancing Students' Social and Psychological Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Social and psychological development shapes a child's character and personality as well as academic achievement. This article examines five factors that are critical to this development: self-esteem, achievement motivation, social skills, coping skills, and aspirations. Self-esteem should be a desired result in and of itself, enhancing the quality…

Bartz, David; Mathews, Gary

2001-01-01

363

The Psychology Clinic Manual of Procedures and  

E-print Network

.1 Responding to a Subpoena 11.2 Reporting Child Abuse and Neglect 11.3 Reporting Elder Abuse 11.4 DealingTEXAS TECH UNIVERSITY The Psychology Clinic Manual of Procedures and Requirements FALL 2013 Edition.2 Timeliness 4.3 Professional Appearance and Decorum 4.4 Social Relationships with Clients 4.5 Competence 4

Zhang, Yuanlin

364

Psychological Evaluation and Prescription Development Handbook.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Developed to aid children with learning difficulties, from mental retardation or brain injury to maladjustment or physical or environmental handicaps, the joint school services program provides psychological evaluation and prescription development. The handbook reviews theories of child development and surveys behavior modification and…

Vigo County School Corp., Terre Haute, IN.

365

Graduate School of Applied and Professional Psychology  

E-print Network

Inventory, Reynolds Adolescent Depression Scale, Trauma Symptom Checklist, Projective Drawings, Sentence) · Introduction to School Psychology (students learn NJAC 6A:14) · Adult Psychopathology (DSM-focused) · Human Completion, Storytelling (TAT, CAT, Roberts-II, TEMAS) · Child Psychopathology (DSM-focused) · Theoretical

Neimark, Alexander V.

366

in Psychology  

E-print Network

www.apa.org/pi/lgbc/ The APA Lesbian, Gay, and Bisexual Concerns Office has worked since 1975 to eliminate the stigma of mental illness which has been mistakenly associated with same-sex sexual orientation and to reduce prejudice, discrimination, and violence against lesbian, gay, and bisexual people. Major functions of the office include support to APA's Committee on Lesbian, Gay, and Bisexual Concerns; liaison with the Society for the Psychological Study of Lesbian, Gay, and Bisexual Issues (APA Division 44) and with other APA groups that have an interest in lesbian, gay, and bisexual concerns; policy analysis, development, and advocacy for APA policy; technical assistance, information, and referral to APA members, other professionals, policymakers, the media, and the public; and development and dissemination of publications and other information on lesbian, gay and bisexual concerns in psychology. The Lesbian, Gay, and Bisexual Concerns Office is housed within the Public Interest Directorate, which works to advance psychology as a means of promoting human welfare. Other programs within the Public Interest Directorate work on issues related to AIDS; adolescent health; aging; children, youth and families; disability; ethnic minorities; urban issues; violence; women; and workplace health. E E E The pink triangle was used in Nazi concentration camps to identify men interned for homosexuality. Some historians believe that lesbians interned by the Nazis would have been identified by a black triangle as "asocial." Many lesbian, gay, and bisexual organizations have adopted the pink triangle as a symbol of the need for continued vigilance toward sexual orientation prejudice, discrimination, and violence. E E E Copyright 2005 by the American Psychological Association. This material may be photocopied and distributed

unknown authors

367

Statistical Power of Psychological Research: What Have We Gained in 20 Years?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Calculated power for 6,155 statistical tests in 221 journal articles published in 1982 volumes of "Journal of Abnormal Psychology,""Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology," and "Journal of Personality and Social Psychology." Power to detect small, medium, and large effects was .17, .57, and .83, respectively. Concluded that power of…

Rossi, Joseph S.

1990-01-01

368

Bachelor of Science, Psychology 2010-2011 Old Dominion University Catalog  

E-print Network

AREA IV: Clinical 306 Health Psychology; 325 Drugs & Behavior; 405 Abnormal; 412 Testing; or 461 DrugBachelor of Science, Psychology 2010-2011 Old Dominion University Catalog *Lower division Introduction to Psychology 3 * GEN. ED.Human Behavior (PSYC 201S or 203S may not be used; CRJS 215S/SOC 201S

369

School of Natural Sciences and Psychology Programme Structures 2011/2012  

E-print Network

and Individual Differences David McIlroy 24 C C C C C C 5103PSYSCI Psychology of Abnormal Behaviour CathySchool of Natural Sciences and Psychology Programme Structures 2011/2012 Level 4 Core Modules Code Module Title Module Leader Credit PAB APS ASP FPCJ BSCP PFS 4101PSYSCI Psychology in Application 1 Anna

Brown, Richard

370

College of Psychology College of Psychology  

E-print Network

Resource Development Master of Science in Psychology Master of Science in Rehabilitation and Mental Health's libraries. Research Areas Clinical psychology faculty interests include: health psy- chology, attachmentCollege of Psychology College of Psychology Life Sciences Building 3105 S. Dearborn St. Chicago, IL

Heller, Barbara

371

College of Psychology College of Psychology  

E-print Network

's libraries. Research Areas Clinical psychology faculty interests include: health psy- chology, attachmentCollege of Psychology College of Psychology Life Sciences Building 3105 S. Dearborn St. Chicago, IL 60616 312.567.3500 psychology@iit.edu www.iit.edu/colleges/psych Dean: M. Ellen Mitchell Associate Dean

Heller, Barbara

372

Enhancing the Benefits of Service-Learning in Undergraduate Psychology Courses.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The benefits of including service-learning in courses were studied with 35 students enrolled in each of 2 classes in child psychology, 15 students in each of 2 courses on substance abuse, and 16 first-year students in 1 introductory psychology class. Service-learning placements for the psychology courses included school tutoring programs for…

Fenzel, L. Mickey

373

POLICY FOR THE PENN STATE UNIVERSITY PSYCHOLOGICAL CLINIC RE: CONTACT WITH MINORS  

E-print Network

with minors. Due to the unique nature of the therapist- client relationship, the Psychological Clinic, which serves both adult and child clients, is exempt from the requirements of Policy AD39. The purpose relationship while acknowledging the type of clinical work done in the Psychological Clinic. The Psychological

Dennis, Nancy

374

The History and Visions of African American Psychology: Multiple Pathways to Place, Space, and Authority  

Microsoft Academic Search

The author describes the multiple pathways of events and strategies that served to nurture African American psychology in the United States. Special attention is given to strategies for inclusion and empowerment used in 4 psychological professional and scholarly associations: the American Counseling Association, the American Psychological Association, the Association of Black Psychologists, and the Society for Research in Child Development.

Bertha Garrett Holliday

2009-01-01

375

Brief Report: Effects of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy on Parent-Reported Autism Symptoms in School-Age Children with High-Functioning Autism  

E-print Network

disorders: A randomized, controlled trial. Journal of Child Psychology anddisorders: Frequency and association with core autism symptoms and cognitive functioning. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology,

2009-01-01

376

Roentgenologic Abnormalities in Down's Syndrome.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Roentgenograms of 28 patients with Down's syndrome were reviewed with emphasis on all previously reported abnormalities and any possible additional ones. Most of the abnormalities occurred with the same frequency as previously reported, but some less freq...

T. Higuchi, W. J. Russell, M. Komatsuda, S. Neriishi

1968-01-01

377

Emotion-based decision-making in children with fetal alcohol spectrum disorders  

E-print Network

hyperactivity disorder. Journal of Abnormal Psychology,disorder. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 28(3), 227-disorders (FASD) measured using the Cambridge Neuropsychological Tests Automated Battery (CANTAB). Journal of Child Psychology and

Vaurio, Linnea

2011-01-01

378

Epilepsy and chromosomal abnormalities  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background  Many chromosomal abnormalities are associated with Central Nervous System (CNS) malformations and other neurological alterations,\\u000a among which seizures and epilepsy. Some of these show a peculiar epileptic and EEG pattern. We describe some epileptic syndromes\\u000a frequently reported in chromosomal disorders.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Methods  Detailed clinical assessment, electrophysiological studies, survey of the literature.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Results  In some of these congenital syndromes the clinical presentation and EEG

Giovanni Sorge; Anna Sorge

2010-01-01

379

Teaching Child Development Via the Internet: Opportunities and Pitfalls.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the development and implementation of a cross-listed undergraduate and graduate-level child psychology course taught over the Internet. Describes course content and instructional goals. Outlines the opportunities and pitfalls of teaching in a virtual classroom. (CMK)

Graham, Theresa A.

2001-01-01

380

Part-time Lecturer Position in the Graduate School of Education School Psychology Program  

E-print Network

. The successful candidate will teach Education 255C Child Behavior Theory. Child Behavior Therapy is a core school to practice school psychology in school settings. · Experience providing child behavior therapy in school in conceptualizing and treating a wide range of behavioral, social, and emotional problems of children

Lyubomirsky, Ilya

381

Sensory abnormalities in autism. A brief report.  

PubMed

Sensory abnormalities were assessed in a population-based group of 208 20-54-month-old children, diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and referred to a specialized habilitation centre for early intervention. The children were subgrouped based upon degree of autistic symptoms and cognitive level by a research team at the centre. Parents were interviewed systematically about any abnormal sensory reactions in the child. In the whole group, pain and hearing were the most commonly affected modalities. Children in the most typical autism subgroup (nuclear autism with no learning disability) had the highest number of affected modalities. The children who were classified in an "autistic features" subgroup had the lowest number of affected modalities. There were no group differences in number of affected sensory modalities between groups of different cognitive levels or level of expressive speech. The findings provide support for the notion that sensory abnormality is very common in young children with autism. This symptom has been proposed for inclusion among the diagnostic criteria for ASD in the upcoming DSM-V. PMID:21111574

Klintwall, Lars; Holm, Anette; Eriksson, Mats; Carlsson, Lotta Höglund; Olsson, Martina Barnevik; Hedvall, Asa; Gillberg, Christopher; Fernell, Elisabeth

2011-01-01

382

Child Development  

MedlinePLUS

As children grow older, they develop in several different ways. Child development includes physical, intellectual, social, and emotional changes. Children grow and mature at very different rates. It's ...

383

[Child-to-parent violence and its association with exposure to marital violence and parent-to-child violence].  

PubMed

The aims of this study were: (a) to examine the relationships between the exposure to different types of family violence (intraparental violence and parent-to-child aggression) and the perpetration of child-to-parent violence (CPV); (b) to analyze sex differences in the relationships specified. The sample comprised 1681 Spanish university students who reported the exposure to different types of family violence during their childhood. Both psychological and physical family violence were analyzed separately. Results showed that both witnessing marital psychological violence and parent-to-child psychological aggression are related to CPV. Furthermore, psychological and physical parent-to-child aggression as well as witnessing physical aggression between parents was associated with physical CPV. Multigroup analyses showed that the relationships among variables were not significantly different as a function of sex. This finding suggests that the relation between exposure to family violence and CPV is similar for men and women. PMID:22420357

Gámez-Guadix, Manuel; Calvete, Esther

2012-05-01

384

Spirometric abnormalities among welders  

SciTech Connect

A group of manual welders age group 13-60 years having a mean exposure period of 12.4 {plus minus} 1.12 years were subjected to spirometry to evaluate the prevalence of spirometric abnormalities. The welders showed a significantly higher prevalence of respiratory impairment than that observed among the unexposed controls as a result of exposure to welding gases which comprised fine particles of lead, zinc, chromium, and manganese. This occurred despite the lower concentration of the pollutants at the work place. In the expose group, the smoking welders showed a prevalence of respiratory impairment significantly higher than that observed in the nonsmoking welders. The results of the pulmonary function tests showed a predominantly restrictive type of pulmonary impairment followed by a mixed ventilatory defect among the welders. The effect of age on pulmonary impairment was not discernible. Welders exposed for over 10 years showed a prevalence of respiratory abnormalities significantly higher than those exposed for less than 10 years. Smoking also had a contributory role.

Rastogi, S.K.; Gupta, B.N.; Husain, T.; Mathur, N.; Srivastava, S. (Industrial Toxicology Research Centre, Lucknow (India))

1991-10-01

385

An Evolutionary Perspective on Why Some Men Refuse or Reduce Their Child Support Payments  

Microsoft Academic Search

This review article begins by highlighting the sociological, macrolevel focus of previous work on the determinants of child support payments. We then highlight the value of addressing these issues from a psychological perspective. We argue that research and policy will benefit by em- bracing an explicitly evolutionary psychological perspective. We present several evolutionary hypotheses regarding the determinants of child support

Todd Shackelford; Viviana Weekes-Shackelford; David Schmitt

2005-01-01

386

Child Maltreatment and Adolescent Mental Health Problems in a Large Birth Cohort  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: To examine whether notified child maltreatment is associated with adverse psychological outcomes in adolescence, and whether differing patterns of psychological outcome are seen depending on the type of maltreatment. Methods: The participants were 7,223 mother and child pairs enrolled in a population-based birth cohort study in…

Mills, Ryan; Scott, James; Alati, Rosa; O'Callaghan, Michael; Najman, Jake M.; Strathearn, Lane

2013-01-01

387

Vygotsky on play: child's play or more  

E-print Network

: Educational Psychology VYGOTSKY ON PLAY: CHILD'S PLAY OR MORE A Thesis by CAROL ANNE WAGNER Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas ASM University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE Approved... as to style and content by: Stephanie L. Knight (Chair of Committee) Michael 3. sh (Member) ohn 3. McD rmott (Memb 3ames M. Rosenheim (Member) D I . Palmer (He of D partment) May 2000 Major Subject: Educational Psychology ABSTRACT Vygotsky...

Wagner, Carol Anne

2012-06-07

388

Factors affecting mother-child play  

E-print Network

FACTORS AFFECTING MOTHER-CHILD PLAY A Thesis by JENNIFER COLLEEN WELCH Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree MASTER OF SCIENCE August 1993 Major Subject...: Psychology FACTORS AFFECTING MOTHER-CHILD PLAY A Thesis by JENNIFER COLLEEN WELCH Submitted to Texas ASM University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE Approved as to style and content bg: T' othy A. Cavell...

Welch, Jennifer Colleen

2012-06-07

389

The predictive impact of domestic violence on three types of child maltreatment  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: This exploratory study investigated the co-occurrence of domestic violence and three types of child maltreatment: physical child abuse, psychological child abuse, and child neglect.Method: A sample of 2544 at-risk mothers with first-born children participated in a home-visiting child abuse prevention program. A longitudinal design using multiple data collection methods investigated the effect of domestic violence during the first 6

William M McGuigan; Clara C Pratt

2001-01-01

390

A New Mother-Child Play Activity Program to Decrease Parenting Stress and Improve Child Cognitive Abilities: A Cluster Randomized Controlled Trial  

Microsoft Academic Search

BackgroundWe propose a new play activity intervention program for mothers and children. Our interdisciplinary program integrates four fields of child-related sciences: neuroscience, preschool pedagogy, developmental psychology, and child and maternal psychiatry. To determine the effect of this intervention on child and mother psychosocial problems related to parenting stress and on the children's cognitive abilities, we performed a cluster randomized controlled

Yoshiyuki Tachibana; Ai Fukushima; Hitomi Saito; Satoshi Yoneyama; Kazuo Ushida; Susumu Yoneyama; Ryuta Kawashima

2012-01-01

391

Mothers' Response to Psychological Birth Trauma: A Qualitative Study  

PubMed Central

Background Psychologically traumatic events can affect anybody, but consequences of psychological birth trauma for the mother are very profound, extensive and unforgettable. Furthermore, the mother’s response not only touches the mother, but also affects the child, the father and the society. The objective of this study was to explore the mothers’ response to psychological birth trauma. Objectives Psychological birth trauma is a complex matter as the length of a women`s life and mother`s responds can be present through different psychological and physical ways. In this regard, the mothers suffer from its consequences, but they do not know what is going on? Mothers are getting worse every day by “the silent effects of the psychological phenomena”. Materials & Methods This qualitative study was conducted on 23 mothers with psychological birth trauma experience, who were recruited from health centers of the capital and one of the metropolises of Iran. Their interviews were transcribed verbatim and analyzed by the content analysis method. Results Three themes were extracted from the data: impact on health, changes in mother`s roles, and changes decision making ability. Several categories and sub-categories also emerged from the data (physical and psychological problems, bonding with the child, relationship with husband, social role, cesarean request and psychological inability to have another child). Conclusions By considering the mothers` responses to traumatic labor, which endangers the health of the child as well as that of the mother and impairs their familial and social relationships, midwives should notice the consequences of psychological birth trauma in order to plan supportive and timely interventions. PMID:24693361

Taghizadeh, Ziba; Irajpour, Alireza; Arbabi, Mohammad

2013-01-01

392

SCHOOL PSYCHOLOGY SPECIALIZATION  

E-print Network

HANDBOOK SCHOOL PSYCHOLOGY SPECIALIZATION (APA-Accredited and NASP-Approved) IN EDUCATIONAL PSYCHOLOGY DOCTORAL PROGRAM University of Wisconsin -Milwaukee For students, faculty, and supervisors 2013 to provide information specific to the School Psychology specialization. This specialization is fully

Saldin, Dilano

393

Adolescent Survivors of Childhood Sexual Abuse: The Mediating Role of Attachment Style and Coping in Psychological and Interpersonal Functioning.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study of 80 adolescent females found that attachment style mediates the effects of child sexual abuse (CSA) and child abuse and neglect on coping and psychological distress. The indirect effects of CSA and other abuse through attachment accounted for most of the effects on coping and psychological distress. (Author/CR)

Shapiro, Deborah L.; Levendosky, Alytia A.

1999-01-01

394

The Developmental Trajectory of ADHD in Girls: Predictors and Associations of Symptom Change from Childhood to Young Adulthood  

E-print Network

definition of disorder. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 111,disorder in boys: A four-year longitudinal study. Journal of Abnormal Psychology,disorder in children aged 6-7 years: A national longitudinal study. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology,

Loya, Fred

2011-01-01

395

Social Psychology (Program Description)  

NSF Publications Database

... and Cognitive Sciences Social Psychology Description The Social Psychology Program at NSF ... emotion, social comparison and social influence, and the psychophysiological and neurophysiological ...

396

Spleen removal - child - discharge  

MedlinePLUS

Splenectomy - child - discharge; Spleen removal - child - discharge ... Your child's spleen was removed after your child was given general anesthesia (asleep and pain-free). If your child had open ...

397

Scoliosis surgery - child  

MedlinePLUS

Spinal curvature surgery - child; Kyphoscoliosis surgery - child; Video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery - child; VATS - child ... Before surgery, your child will receive general anesthesia. This will make ... and unable to feel pain during the operation. During ...

398

Ileostomy and your child  

MedlinePLUS

... embarrassment. You may see some changes in your child’s behavior at first. Sometimes teenagers have a harder time ... You being open and natural will help your child’s behavior stay positive. Help your child learn how to ...

399

Child & Family Psychology Thesis Guide -2013 Preparing to do a Child and Family Psychology Thesis  

E-print Network

: A Guide to choosing a research methods course, thesis topic and supervisor A research thesis year research methods course. Most research methods courses encourage students to make progress towards to the Programme Coordinator. Do remember that this decision must be made by February. Choosing a research methods

Hickman, Mark

400

Child Care and Child Nutrition  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The weak economy is challenging the child care program budget. Fluctuations in enrollment come up against rising costs making every penny count. So for many reasons a federal program that helps defray the costs of snacks and meals in child care programs is particularly important and timely. In this article, the author pushes for the…

Karolak, Eric

2009-01-01

401

Some considerations about personality structure in child psychosis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Some of the literature connected with child psychosis and autism (Freud, Klein, Kanner, Segal, Stern, Tustin) is examined, together with different hypotheses about its psychological aetiology. Special attention is given to the problem of fixation\\/regression, which is quite controversial. An example is provided of a child, basically autistic, who can be seen as being in an intermediate state between a

Mauro Morra

2002-01-01

402

Multiple forms of child abuse and neglect: adult retrospective reports  

Microsoft Academic Search

There are few research reports of the experience of multiple forms of child abuse and neglect (multi-type maltreatment). A critical review is presented of 29 studies in which adult retrospective reports of more than one form of child maltreatment (sexual abuse, physical abuse, psychological maltreatment, neglect, or witnessing family violence) are assessed. Empirical investigations of the extent and impact of

Daryl J Higgins; Marita P McCabe

2001-01-01

403

How Child Victims Respond to Perpetrators of Sexual Abuse  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article reviews the findings of psychological research on how sexually victimised children “typically” respond to the offender and compares the findings of this research to generally held adult expectations of child victim's behaviour. This analysis reveals that adult expectations of child victims' responses are often inconsistent with the findings of relevant empirical research. This suggests that many adults, despite

Rita Shackel

2009-01-01

404

PARSING THE CHILDES DATABASE: METHODOLOGY AND LESSONS LEARNED  

E-print Network

between the child and adult utterances in the corpus, and argue that analyzing those two language typesPARSING THE CHILDES DATABASE: METHODOLOGY AND LESSONS LEARNED Kenji Sagae* and Alon Lavie {sagae, alavie}@cs.cmu.edu **Department of Psychology Carnegie Mellon University Pittsburgh, PA 15213

Lavie, Alon

405

Regularizing Unpredictable Variation: The Roles of Adult and Child Learners  

E-print Network

Regularizing Unpredictable Variation: The Roles of Adult and Child Learners in Language Formation affects its learning. In the second experiment we compare adult and child learners exposed and Change Carla L. Hudson Kam Department of Psychology University of California, Berkeley Elissa L. Newport

DeAngelis, Gregory

406

Inclusion of Children with Disabilities in Mainstream Child Development Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated whether children with disabilities are excluded from mainstream child development research. Fifteen per cent of 533 articles from "Child Development" and "Developmental Psychology" (1996-2010) were randomly selected. The exclusion rate was 89.9% when no mention of participants with disabilities was…

Feldman, Maurice A.; Battin, Susan M.; Shaw, Olivia A.; Luckasson, Ruth

2013-01-01

407

Give Sorrow Words: Working with a Dying Child. Second Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Efforts to alleviate the emotional pain of terminally ill children and their parents have led many physicians to turn to child psychiatrists for psychological support and treatment services. This book, written by a child psychotherapist, offers an overview of children's attitudes to death and considers the moral and ethical issues raised by…

Judd, Dorothy

408

Bullying in Schools: A Form of Child Abuse in Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Child abuse is largely recognized as a significant issue within the school system and the larger society. In the schools, incidents of child abuse can take any of physical, sexual and psychological forms. This paper would restrict itself to bullying, by more specifically providing a clearer understanding of the concept of bullying, its prevalence,…

Aluedse, Oyaziwo

2006-01-01

409

Psychology in counseling psychology: Whither or wither?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Surveyed psychology course offerings of 44 counseling graduate programs as well as the preferences of students and faculty (program directors) for a wide range of psychology course work. Mailed questionnaires were returned by directors of 23 programs and by 33 students in the programs. Responses for actual and preferred courses in American Psychological Association approved and nonapproved programs were similar.

Bruce R. Fretz

1975-01-01

410

Psychology Ethics in Introductory Psychology Textbooks  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Previous research revealed that introductory psychology textbooks included limited information about psychology ethics. This study reviewed 48 current introductory psychology textbooks for research and other APA ethics content. These textbooks included slightly more total ethics content and were more thorough in their review of research ethics…

Zucchero, Renee' A.

2011-01-01

411

Abnormal Parietal Function in Conversion Paresis  

PubMed Central

The etiology of medically unexplained symptoms such as conversion disorder is poorly understood. This is partly because the interpretation of neuroimaging results in conversion paresis has been complicated by the use of different control groups, tasks and statistical comparisons. The present study includes these different aspects in a single data set. In our study we included both normal controls and feigners to control for conversion paresis. We studied both movement execution and imagery, and we contrasted both within-group and between-group activation. Moreover, to reveal hemisphere-specific effects that have not been reported before, we performed these analyses using both flipped and unflipped data. This approach resulted in the identification of abnormal parietal activation which was specific for conversion paresis patients. Patients also showed reduced activity in the prefrontal cortex, supramarginal gyrus and precuneus, including hemisphere-specific activation that is lateralized in the same hemisphere, regardless of right- or left-sided paresis. We propose that these regions are candidates for an interface between psychological mechanisms and disturbed higher-order motor control. Our study presents an integrative neurophysiological view of the mechanisms that contribute to the etiology of this puzzling psychological disorder, which can be further investigated with other types of conversion symptoms. PMID:22039428

van Beilen, Marije; de Jong, Bauke M.; Gieteling, Esther W.; Renken, Remco; Leenders, Klaus L.

2011-01-01

412

Parent–Child Relationships and ADHD Symptoms: A Longitudinal Analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Evidence both from psychological research and clinical intervention studies suggests that there are bidirectional influences\\u000a between overt child behavior problems and parent–child relations. Very little research however, has considered the pattern\\u000a of relations that exists between Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) and the parent–child relationship within\\u000a a longitudinal context. Using a longitudinal community sample from the United Kingdom which included

Kate J. Lifford; Gordon T. Harold; Anita Thapar

2008-01-01

413

Subjective Versus Objective Measurements of Deviant Sexual Arousal in Clinical Evaluations of Alleged Child Molesters  

Microsoft Academic Search

Psychological assessments of sex offenders involve evaluating deviant sexual arousal. We evaluated 24 male alleged child molesters and 23 normal control subjects, comparing their self-report of sexual interest with their physiological responses during penile plethysmography. Results indicated that alleged child molesters reported more subjective arousal to children than did normals; subjective and objective measurements were significantly correlated for alleged child

Thomas W. Haywood; Linda S. Grossman; James L. Cavanaugh

1990-01-01

414

Child Rearing and Neuroticization of Parenting: The Case of The Netherlands.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the history and outcomes of psychoanalysis and child rearing practices in the 1950s Netherlands to present. Depicts the 20th century as a century of child rearing experts with parents blamed for all that was wrong with their child. States the dynamics of psychology has undermined society's self-supporting and self-healing capacity. (KDR)

Groenendijk, Leendert F.; Bakker, Nelleke

2002-01-01

415

The Inclusion of Fathers in the Empirical Investigation of Child Psychopathology: An Update  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This investigation provides an update on the inclusion of fathers in child psychopathology research. Articles published from January 1992 to January 2005 that examined parental contributions to child psychological maladjustment were identified. Each article was coded for child age, parental race, how parent gender was analyzed, type of journal,…

Cassano, Michael; Adrian, Molly; Veits, Gina; Zeman, Janice

2006-01-01

416

Standardised Observation Analogue Procedure (SOAP) for Assessing Parent and Child Behaviours in Clinical Trials  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Observational measures of parent and child behaviours have a long history in child psychiatric and psychological intervention research, including the field of autism and developmental disability. We describe the development of the Standardised Observational Analogue Procedure (SOAP) for the assessment of parent-child behaviour before…

Johnson, Cynthia R.; Butter, Eric M.; Handen, Benjamin L.; Sukhodolsky, Denis G.; Mulick, James; Lecavalier, Luc; Aman, Michael G.; Arnold, Eugene L.; Scahill, Lawrence; Swiezy, Naomi; Sacco, Kelley; Stigler, Kimberly A.; McDougle, Christopher J.

2009-01-01

417

Parent-Child Interaction Therapy: Integration of Traditional and Behavioral Concerns.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes Parent-Child Interaction Therapy, a behavioral family therapy approach for the psychological treatment of preschool children and their parents that emphasizes the integration of traditional child play therapy techniques within a behavioral framework of parent-child therapy. Implications for the treatment of a broad range of childhood…

Eyberg, Sheila

1988-01-01

418

Demographic and Personality Characteristics of Internet Child Pornography Downloaders in Comparison to Other Offenders  

Microsoft Academic Search

This research study was conducted to map out the demographic and psychological aspects of Internet child pornography offenders. The backgrounds, characteristics, and MMPI profiles of 22 Internet child pornography offenders were statistically compared to those of 112 perpetrators of other offenses. In comparison to the other sexual offenders, the Internet child pornography offenders turned out to be significantly younger on

Lotte Reijnen; Erik Bulten; Henk Nijman

2009-01-01

419

Evolution of the Cranial Computed Tomography Scan in Child Abuse.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A retrospective review of medical charts for 34 children with a diagnosis of child abuse, who had cranial computed tomography scans performed, revealed that some scans initially interpreted as normal were subsequently reinterpreted as abnormal, and some children's repeat scannings were interpreted as abnormal, modifying the medical and legal…

Feldman, Kenneth W.; And Others

1995-01-01

420

Child Pornography  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Health professionals attending the 1993 UNESCO Conference in Brussels, Belgium, have asserted that child prostitution and\\u000a child pornography are highly organized industries that operate on a national and international scale. At the conference, officials\\u000a from Asia, Europe, and North and South America reported on what they saw as a dramatic increase over the last 10 years in\\u000a the number of

Daniel Linz; Dorothy Imrich

421

Maternal Stress During Pregnancy May Affect ChildÃÂs Obesity  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

There is increasing evidence from human and animal studies that offspring of parents who were physically or psychologically stressed are at higher risk of developing obesity, and that these offspring may in turn "transmit" that increased risk to the next generation. Now research conducted at the University of Minnesota and Georgetown University suggests that a mother's nutritional or psychological stress during pregnancy and lactation may create a signature on her child's genes that put the child at increased risk for obesity later in life, especially if the child is female.

APS Communications Office (American Physiological Society Communications Office)

2011-04-12

422

Research Review Psychology 2011  

E-print Network

Research Review Psychology 2011 QANU July 2012 #12;QANU / Psychology research assessment 20122;QANU / Psychology Research assessment 2012 3 CONTENTS 1. The Review Committee and review procedures. THE REVIEW COMMITTEE AND REVIEW PROCEDURES Scope of the assessment The Psychology Committee was asked

van Rooij, Robert

423

Introduction to Psychology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Designed for community students interested in learning about psychology as a field of study, this module offers group and individual activities to involve the beginning student in research, experimentation and discussion. Unit 1, "What Is Psychology?," includes the use of animals in psychology, ethics, the history of psychology, an overview of…

Edwards, Lesley

424

HISTORIOGRAPHY OF CZECH PSYCHOLOGY  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper is aimed at presenting the development of the Czech historiography of psychology, which was strongly influenced by the political changes in Central and Eastern Europe. The authors deal with the historiography of psychology at the three universities offering an undergraduate program in psychology, located in Prague, Brno, and Olomouc, and at the Institute of Psychology of the Czech

Simona Hoskovcová; Ji?í Hoskovec; Alena Plháková; Michael Šebek; Josef Švancara; Dalibor Vobo?il

2010-01-01

425

Mainstreaming Culture in Psychology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Despite the "awakening" to the importance of culture in psychology in America, international psychology has remained on the sidelines of psychological science. The author recounts her personal and professional experience in tandem with the stages of development in international/cross-cultural psychology. Based on her research in cross-cultural…

Cheung, Fanny M.

2012-01-01

426

The Second Child: Family Transition and Adjustment.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Synthesizing the methodologies of developmental psychology, family sociology, and systems theory, this 15-month longitudinal study examined familial role adjustments in 41 suburban families after the birth of a second child. Using interviews, observations, and rating scales, the study examined families during the third trimester of the second…

Stewart, Robert B., Jr.

427

Maternal Work Conditions and Child Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

How do maternal work conditions, such as psychological stress and physical hazards, affect children's development? Combining data from the Child Development Supplement of the Panel Study of Income Dynamics and the Occupational Information Network allows us to shed some light on this question. We employ various techniques including OLS with…

Felfe, Christina; Hsin, Amy

2012-01-01

428

Child Development: An Active Learning Approach  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Within each chapter of this innovative topical text, the authors engage students by demonstrating the wide range of real-world applications of psychological research connected to child development. In particular, the distinctive Active Learning features incorporated throughout the book foster a dynamic and personal learning process for students.…

Levine, Laura E.; Munsch, Joyce

2010-01-01

429

Systemic abnormalities in liver disease  

PubMed Central

Systemic abnormalities often occur in patients with liver disease. In particular, cardiopulmonary or renal diseases accompanied by advanced liver disease can be serious and may determine the quality of life and prognosis of patients. Therefore, both hepatologists and non-hepatologists should pay attention to such abnormalities in the management of patients with liver diseases. PMID:19554648

Minemura, Masami; Tajiri, Kazuto; Shimizu, Yukihiro

2009-01-01

430

TMI abnormal waste project plan  

Microsoft Academic Search

This report discusses plans for the TMI Abnormal Waste Project, which is part of the EPICOR and Waste Research and Disposition Program and funded by the US Department of Energy. The sequence proposed for disposition of Three Mile Island (TMI) abnormal wastes includes: (a) packaging at TMI, (b) shipment to the Idaho National Engineering Laboratory (INEL), (c) storage at INEL

Ayers; A. L. Jr

1984-01-01

431

abnormalities in infants and toddlers  

E-print Network

, Akshoomoff 2000). Similarly, patients with fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS) have decreased cerebellar volumesCerebellar abnormalities in infants and toddlers with Williams syndrome Wendy Jones* PhD, The Salk-mail: jones@crl.ucsd.edu One commonly observed neuroanatomical abnormality in adults with Williams syndrome

Bellugi, Ursula

432

Parent-child aggression: association with child abuse potential and parenting styles.  

PubMed

The present investigation predicted that greater use of corporal punishment as well as physical maltreatment would be associated with child abuse potential and selected parenting styles. Three independent studies were examined, two with community samples and a third with a clinical at-risk sample of parents. Parents across all studies anonymously completed the Child Abuse Potential Inventory, the Parent-Child Conflict Tactics Scale to assess physical discipline and maltreatment, as well as the Parenting Scale to measure dysfunctional parenting styles. Findings support that overall parent-child aggression, as well as physical maltreatment behaviors specifically, were associated with child abuse potential. Parent-child aggression was also related to dysfunctional parenting styles, particularly an overreactive, authoritarian parenting style. Permissive parenting was also identified as potentially associated with physical maltreatment, although the findings regarding such lax parenting styles are less clear. Intriguing findings emerged regarding the connection of psychological aggression to both child abuse potential and dysfunctional parenting style. Child abuse potential was also associated with dysfunctional parenting style, particularly harsh, overreactive approaches. Recommendations for future study with at-risk samples and additional research on permissive parenting and psychological aggression are discussed. PMID:21287963

Rodriguez, Christina M

2010-01-01

433

Psychological and ethical implications related to infertility.  

PubMed

Being a parent is deeply demanding and one of the most important events in life; parents experience the deepening of human relationships with their partner, within their families, and in society, and moreover the fundamental relationship between parent and child. Every medical, social, and political effort must be made to prevent infertility but also to offer infertile couples the best diagnostic and therapeutic paths. Understanding the suffering of the couple and their families prevents and helps ease the possible psychological and social complications of infertility. Therefore, infertility concerns not only biomedical sciences but also psychological and social ones-ethics and law-in their combined efforts to identify areas of understanding and of research for solutions while respecting the dignity of the couple and unborn child. The Catholic Church offers an ongoing contribution through dialogue in looking for ethical principles guiding scientific and medical research respectful of the true life of human beings. PMID:24156989

Minucci, Daria

2013-12-01

434

American Psychological Society: Psychological Research on the Net  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Posted by the American Psychological Society (see the May 6, 1994 Scout Report), this Website presents an extensive annotated list of psychological research currently being conducted on the Web. In addition to a new studies section, topics include health psychology, industrial and organizational psychology, personality studies, psychology and religion, sensation and perception, social psychology, neural psychology, clinical psychology, developmental psychology, cognition, emotions, and others. Links are provided to the listed Websites.

2001-01-01

435

Psychology’s Entrepreneurs and the Marketing of Industrial Psychology  

Microsoft Academic Search

Between 1880 and 1930, entrepreneurial individuals in academic psychology and engineering converged on a common interest in the human side of enterprise. Both disciplines subsequently overlapped in marketing their professional business services. Separating from academic psychology, applied psychologists alluded to being \\

Thomas J. Van De Water

1997-01-01

436

Psychological Bulletin Copyright 1998by the American Psychological Association, Inc. 1998, Vol. 123, No. 3, 234-237 0033-2909/98/$3.00  

E-print Network

,ifany,ofchildmaltreatmentandthe proximatemechanismsunderly- ing its occurrence. Despite the increased epidemiological estimates of child abuse and neglectPsychological Bulletin Copyright 1998by the American Psychological Association, Inc. 1998, Vol. 123, No. 3, 234-237 0033-2909/98/$3.00 Infant Abuse and Neglect in Monkeys A Discussion of Definitions

Maestripieri, Dario

437

Beyond child soldiering: the interference of daily living conditions in former child soldiers' longer term psychosocial well-being in northern Uganda.  

PubMed

Given the various developments in former child soldiers' psychosocial well-being over time, the question arises as to which factors are associated with the prevalence of psychological distress. An ongoing debate points to the plausible importance of child soldiering-related and post-child soldiering factors. This study is an exploratory analysis of both types of association with former child soldiers' psychosocial well-being in the longer term. Follow-up data on a convenience sample of 424 northern Ugandan former child soldiers are analysed. Psychological symptoms are assessed by a review of the intake and assessment forms of the Rachele Rehabilitation Centre, which were not validated and did not include a standardised translation into the local language. These psychological symptoms and possible associated factors are analysed using binary logistic regression analysis. Thereby, both child soldiering-related and post-child soldiering variables are accounted for. The outcomes reveal almost no significant main effects of child soldiering-related variables, while a range of post-child soldiering variables (number of meals a day, school attendance, insults and professional support) are clearly associated with the prevalence of the measured psychological symptoms in the longer term. These exploratory conclusions should be further investigated in representative samples of former child soldiers using validated assessment tools. PMID:23654215

Vindevogel, Sofie; Coppens, Kathleen; De Schryver, Maarten; Loots, Gerrit; Broekaert, Eric; Derluyn, Ilse

2013-01-01

438

Sport psychology: psychologic issues and applications.  

PubMed

This article has briefly highlighted the area of sport psychology as it relates to performance psychology skills (mental training), including a historical overview and current topics overview. The use of mental training skills may be of interest to the practicing physical medicine and rehabilitation professional in the treatment of his or her patients. It is important that the physical medicine professional recognize what sport or performance psychology represents within the paradigm of psychologic interventions. Referring to an individual based on his or her training (licensed psychologist versus mental training consultant) is essential for the appropriate management of psychologic issues related to performance. The issues related to the psychologic rehabilitation of the injured athlete are of importance to the medical staff; the overview of affective responses can assist in understanding the normal and adaptive responses of the injured athlete. Finally, a brief description of a psychologist's role within a sports medicine and rehabilitation practice is presented. The psychologic issues that are present in the world of sport and elite performance are numerous, and not all are mentioned in this article. Issues of eating disorders, substance abuse, and psychologic health with athletes should be further explored within the physical medicine and rehabilitation discipline as well as in the sports medicine discipline. The ever-evolving psychologic dynamics of individuals involved in sport and elite performance are intriguing and unique. A specialized knowledge base, training, and experience in providing psychologic services are required to treat this unique population. Counseling and clinical issues of the athlete and elite performer require further attention in the realm of psychologic interventions, including further exploration of the efficacy of interventions for performance enhancement. The field of applied sport psychology may offer the physical medicine professional a unique perspective into the care of patients who are athletes and elite performers. PMID:16952750

Carr, Christopher M

2006-08-01

439

Child Trends  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

A nonprofit research organization dedicated to improving the lives of children and their families, Child Trends conducts research and evaluation studies in areas including teenage pregnancy and childbearing, the effects of welfare and poverty on children, and parenting issues such as family structure and processes. A "one-stop shop for the latest trends in child and youth well-being," this Web site provides an extensive amount of information on youth issues, including essays and news releases, research briefs, fact sheets, and much more. Additionally, the site also contains a list of its current projects, categorized by research area. Easily navigable, this site is valuable for parents, social workers, teachers, child psychologists, and anyone else interested in youth related issues.

2002-01-01

440

University of Oregon Psychology 473  

E-print Network

Location: 116 ESL Instructors: Kristen Reinhardt, M.S. Doctoral Candidate, Clinical Psychology Email, Clinical Psychology Email: bwn@uoregon.edu Psychology Department building, Franklin Boulevard, room 118

Lockery, Shawn

441

Child Sexual Abuse  

MedlinePLUS

... the child will develop serious problems as an adult. For additional information see Facts for Families : #4 The Depressed Child #5 Child Abuse #10 Teen Suicide #28 Responding to Child Sexual Abuse #62 Talking ...

442

Child's Hearing Loss  

MedlinePLUS

... play in managing your child?s hearing loss. The Audiologist The audiologist is likely to be the first professional you ... initial news regarding your child?s hearing loss. The audiologist will carry out behavioral or objective testing (such ...

443

Child Care Aware  

MedlinePLUS

... learn about high-quality child care. Welcome to Child Care Aware® E-Mail Print Share Tweet Military Child ... 2246 Call TTY#: 1-866-278-9428 Free Child Care Search Please enter your zip code. Your local ...

444

Abnormal femoral origin of the anterior cruciate ligament combined with a discoid lateral meniscus  

Microsoft Academic Search

This is a report on arthroscopic treatment of an abnormal femoral origin of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) in combination with a discoid lateral meniscus in a 3-year-old child. The discoid lateral meniscus was treated by resection of the inner part with punches and by use of the holmium:YAG laser. The abnormal femoral origin of the ACL which was found

Frank F. Hoffmann

1997-01-01

445

Child sexual abuse myths: attitudes, beliefs, and individual differences.  

PubMed

Child sexual abuse myths comprise incorrect beliefs regarding sexual abuse, victims, and perpetrators. Relations among myth acceptance, responses to disclosure, legal decisions, and victims' subsequent psychological and health outcomes underscore the importance of understanding child sexual abuse myths. Despite accurate knowledge regarding child sexual abuse among many professional and other individuals, child sexual abuse myths persist. A Google search produced 119 child sexual abuse myths, some with overlapping themes. Coders grouped myths into four categories: (a) minimizations or exaggerations of the extent of harm child sexual abuse poses, (b) denials of the extent of child sexual abuse, (c) diffusions of perpetrator blame, and (d) perpetrator stereotypes. This review provides available data regarding the prevalence for these myths, empirical research that refutes or confirms myth categories, and considerations of cultural contexts and implications. PMID:21113832

Cromer, Lisa DeMarni; Goldsmith, Rachel E

2010-11-01

446

Project CHILD.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document described Project CHILD, a program of educational change and curriculum development for disadvantaged prekindergarten and kindergarten children. The historical part of this report indicates that the project began in 1966 with a small-scale study of teacher behavior and children's responses in a few classrooms in a Harlem school…

Robison, Helen F.; And Others

447

BATTERED CHILD  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using the meanings of Keaton's nickname ‘Buster’ and long?standing debates about his traumatic childhood as a point of departure, this paper focuses on the comedian's early years as a child star in American vaudeville. Promoted and widely recognized as the main attraction of the family act ‘The Three Keatons’, Keaton performed a physically extremely challenging routine, centring on mock fights

Peter Krämer

2007-01-01

448

Health Psychology: Psychological Adjustment to Chronic Disease  

Microsoft Academic Search

Chronic diseases carry important psychological and social con- sequences that demand significant psychological adjustment. The literature is providing increasingly nuanced conceptualizations of adjustment, demonstrating that the experience of chronic disease necessitates adaptation in multiple life domains. Heterogeneity in adjustment is apparent between individuals and across the course of the disease trajectory. Focusing on cancer, cardiovascular disease, and rheumatic diseases, we

Annette L. Stanton; Tracey A. Revenson; Howard Tennen

2007-01-01

449

Psychology 302 Statistical Methods in Psychology  

E-print Network

1 Psychology 302 Statistical Methods in Psychology Fall 2012 TR 4:00-5:20pm Gerlinger 302) 346-4966 Office Hours: TBD Course Overview: Understanding statistics and statistical reasoning classes and hopefully for some of you in the world beyond, will present statistical data. This data

Lockery, Shawn

450

Psychology as Storytelling  

Microsoft Academic Search

Bannister's roork is used to illustrate the claim that psychology should more clearly recognize itself as a storytelling discipline. Some of the pervasive ways in which stories shape our lives are indicated. Various issues for a storytelling psychology are outlined.

Miller Mair

1988-01-01

451

A Review of Risk Factors Assessed in Child Protective Services  

E-print Network

circumstances of maltreatment U Perpetrator's access to child: Perpetrator's access to child CW, W, F, U, I Amount of time spent with abusing adult A, W, I Presence of a paramour/ parent substitute in home I, F Family characteristics: Family....; and Rosenberg, D. "Prospective Study of Significance of Life Stress in the Etiology of Child Abuse." Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology 48 , no . 2 (1980): 195—205. Egeland, B., and Brunnque l le , B. A. "An At-Risk Approach to the Study of Child...

McDonald, Thomas P.; Marks, Jill

1991-01-01

452

Review: parent-child relationships and child development in donor insemination families  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present article reviews the empirical research regarding the parent-child relationships and the development of children in donor insemination (DI) families. Over the years, follow-up studies have appeared sporadically and, despite the varying quality of the research methods, preliminary findings have emerged. Heterosexual DI parents were psychologically well adjusted and had stable marital relationships. DI parents showed a similar or

Anne Brewaeys

2001-01-01

453

THE PSYCHOANALYTIC STUDY OF THE CHILD. PSYCHOANALYTIC STUDY OF THE CHILD SERIES, VOLUME 22.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

TWENTY ARTICLES ARE INCLUDED IN THIS VOLUME, THE 22ND IN THE PSYCHOLOGICAL STUDY OF THE CHILD SERIES. PAPERS ON PSYCHOPATHOLOGY AND THERAPY INTERPRET LOSING AND BEING LOST, OBSTACLES TO PSYCHOANALYTIC CURE, AND AFFECT CONTROL. ASPECTS OF PSYCHOANALYTIC THEORY CONSIDERED ARE FREUD'S CONCEPT OF PRIMAL REPRESSION, CONCEPTS OF STRUCTURE AND…

EISSLER, RUTH S., ED.; AND OTHERS

454

Child murder committed by severely mentally III mothers: an examination of mothers found not guilty by reason of insanity. 2005 Honorable Mention/Richard Rosner Award for the best paper by a fellow in forensic psychiatry or forensic psychology.  

PubMed

Forensic hospital records of 39 severely mentally ill mothers adjudicated Not Guilty by Reason of Insanity for filicide (child murder by parents) were analyzed to describe characteristics preceding this tragedy and to suggest prevention strategies. Almost three-quarters of the mothers (72%) had previous mental health treatment. Over two thirds (69%) of the mothers were experiencing auditory hallucinations, most frequently command hallucinations, and half (49%) were depressed at the time of the offense. Over one third (38%) of the filicides occurred during pregnancy or the postpartum period, and many had a history of postpartum psychosis. Almost three-quarters (72%) of the mothers had experienced considerable developmental stressors, such as death of their own mother or incest. Maternal motives for filicide were predominantly "altruistic" (meaning murder out of love) or "acutely psychotic" (occurring in the throes of psychosis, without rational motive). Psychiatrists should perform careful risk assessments for filicide in mothers with mental illnesses. PMID:16382847

Friedman, Susan Hatters; Hrouda, Debra R; Holden, Carol E; Noffsinger, Stephen G; Resnick, Phillip J

2005-11-01

455

Conflicts and child survival.  

PubMed

An overview is provided of the gravity of the problems of trauma from conflicts and effects on the health and survival of children and the relevance for India. Article 39 of the convention of the Rights of the Child adopted by the UN General Assembly is an agreement "to promote physical and psychological recovery and social reintegration of a child victim of any form of neglect, exploitation, abuse, inhuman treatment, or armed conflicts." The World Summit expanded the provision to include protecting women and children from the effects of war and to work toward preventing future conflicts. Safe corridors must be secured in order to protect children and families from surrounding war or violence. Concern for children was first indicated in the formation of UNICEF in the aftermath of World War II. Since that time, civilians, mostly women and children, have been the dominant population suffering from the effects of war. By 1991, 80% of the 20 million killed and the 80 million wounded were women and children involved in 150 conflicts. In the recent past, the Gulf War had a disastrous impact on children. Infant mortality increased from 39/1000 to 111/1000 and low birth weight rose from 5% to 12%. Child mortality of these under 5 years increased from 48/1000 to 143/1000. Another impact of armed conflicts on children is psychological trauma and detachment from emotional ties and enjoyment, and sleeplessness. Other symptoms are described. Recent action to counteract children's trauma has been taken in Kuwait, Mozambique, and Sri Lanka. Community-based programs help to identify needy children through parent and teacher education and to offer counseling. Several manuals are available on how to help children affected by war. One strategy is the establishment of a trauma center. In the Philippines, programs have been developed to involve children in therapy through drama, painting, and dance. India has experienced severe rioting, which has left many women and children orphaned. Programs need to be developed to deal with the effects on women and children. PMID:12318361

Padmanabhan, B S

1992-01-01

456

Psychology Major www.psychology.pitt.edu/undergraduate  

E-print Network

to Social Psychology PSY 0160 Psychology of Personality PSY 0310 Developmental Psychology PSY 0422 Cognitive methods course; choose one PSY 0405 Learning and Motivation PSY 0423 Cognitive Psychology Lab PSY 1025Psychology Major www.psychology.pitt.edu/undergraduate Revised: 01/2014 The undergraduate

Jiang, Huiqiang

457

PSYCHOLOGY 685: Practicum in School Psychology Millersville University  

E-print Network

1 8/12/2011 PSYCHOLOGY 685: Practicum in School Psychology 3 credits Millersville University and Practicum in School Psychology (Psychology 685) are in accordance with two important documents; the NASP Standards for School Psychology Training Programs (2000) and the School Psychology; A Blueprint Training

Hardy, Christopher R.

458

School Psychology Handbook for 2014-15 School Psychology Program  

E-print Network

i School Psychology Handbook for 2014-15 School Psychology Program Department of Psychology 430 Huntington Hall Syracuse, NY 13244-2340 Doctoral Degree (Ph.D.) in School Psychology Accredited by the American Psychological Association (APA)* Approved by the National Association of Psychology Psychologists

Doyle, Robert

459

Stressful events and psychological difficulties: testing alternative candidates for sensitivity.  

PubMed

The current study investigated the longitudinal, reciprocal associations between stressful events and psychological difficulties from early childhood to mid-adolescence. Child age, sex, prenatal maternal anxiety, and difficult temperament were tested as sources of sensitivity, that is, factors that may make children more sensitive to stressful life events. Analyses were based on data from 10,417 children from a prospective, longitudinal study of child development. At ages 4, 7, 9, 11, and 16 years, stressful events and psychological difficulties were measured. Prenatal anxiety was measured at 32 weeks of gestation and difficult temperament was measured at 6 months. Children exposed to stressful events showed significantly increased psychological difficulties at ages 7 and 11 years; there was consistent evidence of a reciprocal pattern: psychological difficulties predicted stressful events at each stage. Analyses also indicated that the associations between stressful events and psychological difficulties were stronger in girls than in boys. We found no evidence for the hypothesis that prenatal anxiety or difficult temperament increased stress sensitivity, that is, moderated the link between life events and psychological difficulties. The findings extend prior work on stress exposure and psychological difficulties and highlight the need for additional research to investigate sources of sensitivity and the mechanisms that might underlie differences in sensitivity to stressful events. PMID:23756816

Laceulle, Odilia M; O'Donnell, Kieran; Glover, Vivette; O'Connor, Thomas G; Ormel, Johan; van Aken, Marcel A G; Nederhof, Esther

2014-02-01

460

Psychology. About the Department  

E-print Network

Department Of Psychology. About the Department Our Department is one of the top psychology" rating in the last review of teaching by the QAA and in the recent Research Assessment Exercise our to shape the professional practice of psychology. This research impacts on many areas of society, from

Stone, J. V.

461

Psychology: Student Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book published in 1986 introduces students to psychology and its related subject areas. Students learn that psychology has matured through the centuries from its taboo beginnings in supernatural beliefs and magic to its current status as a scientific discipline. Sections of the book include: (1) "What is Psychology?"; (2) "Human Development";…

Stark, Rebecca

462

Nursing and Psychological Treatments  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This brief article presents a comment on "Psychological Treatments" by D. H. Barlow. In his article, Barlow pointed to the need "to solidify the identification of psychology as a health care profession" by changing the terminology of practice in the health care context from psychotherapy to psychological treatments and suggested that the only…

Kwekkeboom, Kristine L.; Ameringer, Suzanne; Harrison, Tondi; Phillips, Christopher M.; Serlin, Ronald C.; Ward, Sandra E.

2005-01-01

463

Bringing Psychology to Life.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a set of exercises called Bringing Psychology to Life (BPL), which is designed to engage introductory psychology students in learning course and textbook content by having them develop psychological explanations for events in their lives. Maintains that BPL is an excellent icebreaker for graduate teaching assistants and a vehicle for…

McAdam, Dale

1987-01-01

464

Arbitrary Metrics in Psychology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many psychological tests have arbitrary metrics but are appropriate for testing psychological theories. Metric arbitrariness is a concern, however, when researchers wish to draw inferences about the true, absolute standing of a group or individual on the latent psychological dimension being measured. The authors illustrate this in the context of 2…

Blanton, Hart; Jaccard, James

2006-01-01

465

Empirically supported psychological therapies  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article introduces the special section of the Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology on empirically supported psychological therapies. After a discussion of the rationale for the selection of the specific terms in the label, several justifications are considered for conducting and learning from empirical evaluations of psychological therapies. Finally, the process that guided the special section is described.

Philip C. Kendall

1998-01-01

466

What is Political Psychology?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Political psychology is the study of the bidirectional interaction of political and psychological processes. This academic discipline was founded after the First World War by Harold D. Lasswell. The content of political psychology is discussed and illustrative studies of the field are briefly summarized. (CS)

Deutsch, Morton

1983-01-01

467

Socioaffective Neuroscience & Psychology (SNP)  

E-print Network

Socioaffective Neuroscience & Psychology (SNP) I t is an exciting challenge for us to launch a new interdisciplinary journal, Socioaffective Neuroscience & Psychology. We believe the journal will appeal to a wide advances have shed new light on psychological and neural processes. For example, in the area

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

468

The psychology of pleasantness  

Microsoft Academic Search

The psychology of emotion is in a notoriously unsatisfactory state; imagination and theory have gone ahead of the facts. In affective psychology we may have been misled by the double standard of pleasantness and unpleasantness. The opposition of the traditional affective processes is probably logical rather than psychological and consequently it would be well to consider each process separately. Recent

C. A. Ruckmick

1925-01-01

469

Psychology in Mexico  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The first formal psychology course taught in Mexico was in 1896 at Mexico's National University; today, National Autonomous University of Mexico (UNAM in Spanish). The modern psychology from Europe and the US in the late 19th century were the primary influences of Mexican psychology, as well as psychoanalysis and both clinical and experimental…

Ruiz, Eleonora Rubio

2011-01-01

470

Psychology in India  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Psychology forms the basis of every human activity. The scope of psychology is increasingly widening in various economic, political, social, cultural and technological aspects. Though the application of psychology is extending to various aspects of life, it needs to be indigenised to address the dynamic needs in the various socio-economic contexts…

Sushma, B.; Padmaja, G.

2011-01-01

471

Typical Four-Year Schedule for Bachelor of Arts Degree in Psychology 2012-2014 Catalog  

E-print Network

Typical Four-Year Schedule for Bachelor of Arts Degree in Psychology 2012-2014 Catalog FALL SPRING Algebra ARTS 1301 Exploration of the Arts PSY 2301 Intro to Psychology 13 Total Semester Credit Hours RHET w/lab PSY 4334 Lifespan Development OR PSY 3310 Child Development 16 Total Semester Credit Hours

O'Toole, Alice J.

472

Children's Rights and School Psychology: Historical Perspective and Implications for the Profession  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

School psychology and children's rights have great potential, well beyond what has been realized, for advancing the best interests of children, their communities, and societies. A child rights approach infused into school psychology can significantly contribute to the fulfillment of this potential. To respect and illuminate these factors and…

Hart, Stuart N.; Hart, Brannon W.

2014-01-01

473

Modelling Language Acquisition: Grammar from the Lexicon? Steve R. Howell (showell@hypatia.psychology.mcmaster.ca)  

E-print Network

be attempting to model, mature adult performance, or the developmental schedule of a child? What canModelling Language Acquisition: Grammar from the Lexicon? Steve R. Howell (showell@hypatia.psychology.mcmaster.ca) Department of Psychology, McMaster University, 1280 Main Street West, Hamilton, ON Canada Suzanna Becker

Haykin, Simon

474

Antecedents and Behavior-Problem Outcomes of Parental Monitoring and Psychological Control in Early Adolescence.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examined early childhood antecedents and behavior-problem correlates of monitoring and psychological control during early adolescence. Found that monitoring was anteceded by proactive parenting style and advantageous family-ecological characteristics. Psychological control was anteceded by harsh parenting and mothers' report of earlier child

Pettit, Gregory S.; Laird, Robert D.; Dodge, Kenneth A.; Bates, John E.; Criss, Michael M.

2001-01-01

475

210 SDSU General Catalog 2013-2014 Counseling and School Psychology  

E-print Network

construction of multiple identities. Meaning and salience of fluid identity development. CSP 420. Popular counseling and school psychology, child and family development, general studies, psychology, social work; and completion of 60 units. Identifying, classifying, and analyzing the components essential to development

Gallo, Linda C.

476

208 SDSU General Catalog 2012-2013 Counseling and School Psychology  

E-print Network

construction of multiple identities. Meaning and salience of fluid identity development. CSP 420. Popular selected from counseling and school psychology, child and family development, general studies, psychology; and completion of 60 units. Identifying, classifying, and analyzing the components essential to development

Gallo, Linda C.

477

Psychological Maltreatment as a Moderator for Physical Abuse and Adolescent Maladjustment: Implications for Treatment and Intervention  

Microsoft Academic Search

Previous research has documented the negative impact of parental physical abuse on adolescent maladjustment. Many studies have demonstrated the negative impact of psychological maltreatment on adolescent maladjustment, even after controlling for the effects of parental physical abuse. The current study examined whether knowing that a child has been both physically abused and received higher levels of parental psychological maltreatment increases

Bhupin Butaney; David Pelcovitz; Sandra Kaplan

2011-01-01

478

The adult who is an only child: achieving separation or individuation.  

PubMed

60 women and 60 men between the ages of 18 and 45 years (M = 30.5, SD = 9.6) were categorized by sex, age, and birth order (only child, firstborn, lastborn) to assess the differences among the adult only-child, the youngest child, and the oldest child in autonomous characteristics and cohesiveness in family interaction. Analysis of the responses on a biographical data sheet, the California Psychological Inventory, and the Family Adaptability Cohesion Scales III showed that main effects for birth order and sex are significant in the process of separation-individuation and that the only child is less autonomous than the oldest child. PMID:8367556

Byrd, B; DeRosa, A P; Craig, S S

1993-08-01

479

A prospective psychological evaluation of patients with dysphagia of various etiologies  

Microsoft Academic Search

We hypothesized that patients who complain of dysphagia without demonstrable organic abnormality may have an underlying psychological dysfunction. We thus conducted a comprehensive assessment in three groups of patients with dysphagia. Dysphagia was classified as obstructive (Obst) when an obstructive lesion was present on esophagoscopy or barium swallow, motility-related (Mot) when abnormal motility was shown on esophageal manometry in the

Chung H. Kim; Joseph J. Hsu; Donald E. Williams; Amy L. Weaver; Alan R. Zinsmeister

1996-01-01

480

Child care and early child wellbeing  

Microsoft Academic Search

Child care has become an important fact of life for the majority of young children in the United States. Clarification of the nature and extent of early child care as a source of variability in child wellbeing is not only a pressing research concern, but also a critical issue for parents and policymakers. This thesis investigates how child care experiences

Duan Peng

2007-01-01

481

Child care subsidies and child development  

Microsoft Academic Search

Child care subsidies are an important part of federal and state efforts to move welfare recipients into employment. One of the criticisms of the current subsidy system, however, is that it overemphasizes work and does little to encourage parents to purchase high-quality child care. Consequently, there are reasons to be concerned about the implications of child care subsidies for child

Chris M. Herbst; Erdal Tekin

2010-01-01

482

Child Care Subsidies and Child Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

Child care subsidies are an important part of federal and state efforts to move welfare recipients into employment. One of the criticisms of the current subsidy system, however, is that it overemphasizes work and does little to encourage parents to purchase high-quality child care. Consequently, there are reasons to be concerned about the implications of child care subsidies for child

Chris Herbst; Erdal Tekin

483

Child Care Subsidies and Child Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

Child care subsidies are an important part of federal and state efforts to move welfare recipients into employment. One of the criticisms of the current subsidy system, however, is that it overemphasizes work and does little to encourage parents to purchase high-quality child care. Consequently, there are reasons to be concerned about the implications of child care subsidies for child

Chris M. Herbst; Erdal Tekin

2008-01-01

484

Psychological Masculinity and Femininity in Children and Its Relationship to Trait Stereotypes and Toy Preferences.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated the relationship of psychological masculinity and feminity in children to trait stereotyping and toy preferences. Subjects (157 boys and 157 girls in Grades K-4) were tested on a Child Test Battery, including the Child's Personal Attributes Questionnaire based on the adult PAQ (Spence, Helmreich & Stapp, 1974, 1975), the…

Spence, Janet T.; And Others

485

The Treatment of Psychological Problems Experienced by the Children of Police Officers in Northern Ireland  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper will discuss the recent establishment of the Police Rehabilitation and Retraining Trust's Child and Adolescent Therapy Service. This service was set up in response to an expressed need within the police family to provide evidenced-based psychological therapies for child and adolescent psychopathology caused either directly by…

Black, Alastair

2004-01-01

486

Long-Term Influences of Intergenerational Ambivalence on Midlife Parents' Psychological Well-Being  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We investigated changes in midlife parents' intergenerational ambivalence toward a focal child and its influence on their psychological well-being over 14 years, as the focal child moved from adolescence into young adulthood. We estimated growth curve models using three waves of data from the National Survey of Families and Households (N = 1,510…

Kiecolt, K. Jill; Blieszner, Rosemary; Savla, Jyoti

2011-01-01

487

Teachers' Negative Affect Toward Academically Gifted StudentsAn Evolutionary Psychological Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

A frequent reason for teachers not making special provisions for a gifted child is that the child is “not fitting in socially.” The conjecture that a psychological source of such negative affect has evolved along with human language was tested with a large sample (N = 377) of teachers in England, Scotland, and Australia who were undertaking continuing professional development

John G. Geake; Miraca U. M. Gross

2008-01-01

488

Teachers' Negative Affect toward Academically Gifted Students: An Evolutionary Psychological Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A frequent reason for teachers not making special provisions for a gifted child is that the child is "not fitting in socially." The conjecture that a psychological source of such negative affect has evolved along with human language was tested with a large sample (N = 377) of teachers in England, Scotland, and Australia who were undertaking…

Geake, John G.; Gross, Miraca U. M.

2008-01-01

489

The Psychology of Cyberspace  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Created and maintained by Professor John Suler of Rider University, The Psychology of Cyberspace is a frequently updated interactive document that provides "an evolving conceptual framework for understanding the various psychological components of cyberspace." Currently, the site contains six major components: The Fundamental Psychological Qualities of Cyberspace, The Psychology of the Individual in Cyberspace, The Psychology of Cyberspace Relationships, Group Dynamics in Cyberspace, Research Methods in Cyberpsychology, and The Palace Study, an ongoing case study of an online multimedia community. This extensive site also includes a subject index to aid information retrieval, and a modest annotated webliography of cyberpsychology resources.

Suler, John.

1999-01-01

490

TRAINING IN THERAPEUTIC WORK WITH CHILDREN. CLINICAL APPROACHES TO PROBLEMS OF CHILDHOOD, VOLUME 2. LANGLEY PORTER CHILD PSYCHIATRY SERIES.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

THE COLLECTION CONTAINS LECTURES AND PAPERS BY VARIOUS AUTHORS DEALING WITH CHILD PSYCHOLOGY, CONSIDERATION OF CHILD PSYCHIATRY INCLUDES DEFINITION, PERSONALITY DEVELOPMENT, FACTORS IN CHILDREN'S PSYCHIATRIC DISORDERS, CLINICAL SYNDROMES, CHILDHOOD PSYCHOSES, AND PRINCIPLES OF PSYCHOTHERAPY. AN OVERVIEW OF A PHILOSOPHY OF PSYCHOTHERAPY IN CHILD

BERLIN, I.N., ED.; SZUREK, S.A., ED.

491

Immune abnormalities in myelodysplastic syndromes.  

PubMed Central

The immune states of 52 patients with myelodysplastic syndromes classified according to the FAB criteria were studied. Serum electrophoresis and immunoelectrophoresis, direct Coombs test, and tests for organ and non-organ specific antibodies were performed. Twenty six patients had immunoglobulin abnormalities: six (11.5%) had monoclonal gammopathy; 17 (32.6%) had polyclonal increases in serum immunoglobulin; while in three (5.8%) immunoglobulin concentrations were decreased. The distribution of immunoglobulin abnormalities among the five myelodysplastic syndrome subtypes was fairly uniform. Results of direct Coombs test were negative in all cases. Organ specific antibodies were not detected in any of the patients tested, although two patients were found positive for antinuclear antibodies. The presence of immunoglobulin abnormalities indicates an involvement of the lymphoplasmatic system in myelodysplastic syndromes. PMID:3928701

Economopoulos, T; Economidou, J; Giannopoulos, G; Terzoglou, C; Papageorgiou, E; Dervenoulas, J; Arseni, P; Hadjioannou, J; Raptis, S

1985-01-01

492

Abnormal waves during Hurricane Camille  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A reanalysis is reported of the wave time series recorded during Hurricane Camille having as objective the identification of individual waves that satisfy current criteria defining abnormal or freak waves. It is shown that during the hurricane development, a very nonstationary situation has occurred during which the second-order sea state parameters changed significantly with time. The parameters of the largest individual waves in sea states which identify abnormal waves did not show any clear trend, and such waves occurred during the development stage and not when the significant wave height was the largest. It is argued that the present criteria of identification of abnormal waves are not satisfactory, as they do not take into account the nature of the sea states in which the waves occur.

Guedes Soares, C.; Cherneva, Z.; AntãO, E. M.

2004-08-01

493

Complex patterns of abnormal heartbeats  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Individuals having frequent abnormal heartbeats interspersed with normal heartbeats may be at an increased risk of sudden cardiac death. However, mechanistic understanding of such cardiac arrhythmias is limited. We present a visual and qualitative method to display statistical properties of abnormal heartbeats. We introduce dynamical ``heartprints'' which reveal characteristic patterns in long clinical records encompassing ~105 heartbeats and may provide information about underlying mechanisms. We test if these dynamics can be reproduced by model simulations in which abnormal heartbeats are generated (i) randomly, (ii) at a fixed time interval following a preceding normal heartbeat, or (iii) by an independent oscillator that may or may not interact with the normal heartbeat. We compare the results of these three models and test their limitations to comprehensively simulate the statistical features of selected clinical records. This work introduces methods that can be used to test mathematical models of arrhythmogenesis and to develop a new understanding of underlying electrophysiologic mechanisms of cardiac arrhythmia.

Schulte-Frohlinde, Verena; Ashkenazy, Yosef; Goldberger, Ary L.; Ivanov, Plamen Ch.; Costa, Madalena; Morley-Davies, Adrian; Stanley, H. Eugene; Glass, Leon

2002-09-01

494

Complex patterns of abnormal heartbeats  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Individuals having frequent abnormal heartbeats interspersed with normal heartbeats may be at an increased risk of sudden cardiac death. However, mechanistic understanding of such cardiac arrhythmias is limited. We present a visual and qualitative method to display statistical properties of abnormal heartbeats. We introduce dynamical "heartprints" which reveal characteristic patterns in long clinical records encompassing approximately 10(5) heartbeats and may provide information about underlying mechanisms. We test if these dynamics can be reproduced by model simulations in which abnormal heartbeats are generated (i) randomly, (ii) at a fixed time interval following a preceding normal heartbeat, or (iii) by an independent oscillator that may or may not interact with the normal heartbeat. We compare the results of these three models and test their limitations to comprehensively simulate the statistical features of selected clinical records. This work introduces methods that can be used to test mathematical models of arrhythmogenesis and to develop a new understanding of underlying electrophysiologic mechanisms of cardiac arrhythmia.

Schulte-Frohlinde, Verena; Ashkenazy, Yosef; Goldberger, Ary L.; Ivanov, Plamen Ch; Costa, Madalena; Morley-Davies, Adrian; Stanley, H. Eugene; Glass, Leon

2002-01-01

495

Mystery in Milwaukee: Early Intervention, IQ, and Psychology Textbooks.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Textbooks in developmental and abnormal psychology were examined for references to the Milwaukee study of the effects of early intervention on intelligence. The absence of citations to articles in refereed journals shows how research data of questionable validity can seep into the research literature without going through the journal review…

Sommer, Robert; Sommer, Barbara A.

1983-01-01

496

Neoscholastic psychology revisited.  

PubMed

Beginning around 1879, a Neoscholastic psychology developed, an experimental psychology with a soul. Opposed to materialism, it sought to renew Scholastic philosophy by incorporating the findings of the natural sciences. Neoscholastic psychology is an important chapter in the history of the relationships between science and religion in the 20th century. Neoscholastic psychology was both experimental and philosophical. This article presents the main accomplishments of North American Neoscholastic psychology in academic and applied areas. Neoscholastic psychologists championed scientific psychology while insisting on a better conception of human nature. Philosophical critiques led to a decline of Neoscholasticism; after the 1960s it was no longer official Catholic philosophy. Neoscholasticism gave psychologists concerned with philosophical questions impetus to turn to phenomenology, existentialism, and humanistic psychology. PMID:15997486

Kugelmann, Robert

2005-05-01

497

Poverty Duration, Maternal Psychological Resources, and Adolescent Socioemotional Outcomes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study seeks to assess the impact of maternal psychological well-being on the depression and anxiety levels and social withdrawal in a sample of young African American and Caucasian adolescents between the ages of 10 and 14 (N = 854) using data from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth 1979 child sample. Analyses using structural equation…

Goosby, Bridget J.

2007-01-01

498

The Effects of Feminist Scholarship on Developmental Psychology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Feminism has helped shape developmental psychology, and feminist scholarship has made its primary contributions to the study of child development in the following major areas: (1) weakening the "male as norm" concept; (2) changing "mother blaming" for children's problems; and (3) theory and research on sex role socialization. (SLD)

Jacklin, Carol Nagy; McBride-Chang, Catherine

1991-01-01

499

The Methamphetamine Home: Psychological Impact on Preschoolers in Rural Tennessee  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Context: A growing number of children reside with methamphetamine-abusing parents in homes where the illicit drug is produced. Yet, the effects of a methamphetamine environment on psychological child outcome are still unknown. Purpose: To examine whether preschoolers who lived in methamphetamine-producing homes are at increased risk for developing…

Asanbe, Comfort B.; Hall, Charlene; Bolden, Charles D.

2008-01-01

500

Psychological Effects of Domestic Violence on Children and Their Mothers  

Microsoft Academic Search

While domestic violence and child abuse are known to be highly correlated, several related areas of functioning of victim mothers and children are not well researched and have implications for the provision of services. Fifty mothers and children were referred by service agencies for independent structured interviews and psychological assessment. Assessment focused on evidence of posttraumatic reexperiencing, avoidance, physiological arousal,

Claude M. Chemtob; John G. Carlson

2004-01-01