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1

psychology.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Contents: The discipline--historical, introductory, overall aspects; Abnormal psychology--criminal, pathological, psychiatric, sexual; Child psychology--abnormal, adolescent, delinquent, gifted; Experimental psychology--applied, educational, physiological...

1967-01-01

2

Social and Abnormal Psychology Textbooks: An Objective Analysis.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Provides feature and content analyses of 14 social and 17 abnormal psychology full-length textbooks from 1995-98 that are available for undergraduate psychology courses. Provides instructors of these courses a means for more informed text selection. (CMK)

Christopher, Andrew N.; Griggs, Richard A.; Hagans, Chad L.

2000-01-01

3

Mother-Child Expression of Psychological Distress in War Trauma  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aims of this study were, first, to examine how exposure to war trauma, maternal neuroticism and psychological distress are associated with child psychological distress, and, second, whether good maternal mental health and low neuroticism can moderate the negative impact of war trauma on child mental health. Third, we examined whether mother-child dyads’ psychological distress was dependent on who was

Samir Qouta; Raija-Leena Punamäki; Eyad El Sarraj

2005-01-01

4

Researching 'the Child' in Developmental Psychology  

Microsoft Academic Search

The study of 'the child' has been, for more than a century, the territory of developmental psychology. In recent decades, the hegemony of develop- mental theory and methods has been challenged by critics within the now well-established field of the sociology of childhood that has emerged primarily in Europe in the course of the last two decades (see for example,

Diane M. Hogan

2004-01-01

5

Therapy for Child Psychological Maltreatment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research of childhood psychological maltreatment has documented a range of severe and long-lasting difficulties for children who experience this type of abuse. Consequences can include but are not limited to emotional and behavioural problems, low self-esteem, and relationship difficulties. Accordingly, the development of therapy programs to…

Leeson, Fiona; Nixon, Reginald D. V.

2010-01-01

6

Video Taping and Abnormal Psychology: Dramatized Clinical Interviews.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Students in an abnormal psychology course worked in teams to produce dramatizations of diagnostic interviews and then presented them in class. Positive and negative aspects of the activity are discussed. (RM)

Lyons, Michael J.; And Others

1984-01-01

7

Child Diagnostic Assessment: Current Training Practices in Clinical Psychology Internships  

Microsoft Academic Search

We surveyed clinical psychology internships with particular regard to current practices in training child diagnostic assessment: proportion of interns’ time spent in child versus adult experiences, child assessment versus other types of child experiences, and didactic versus direct clinical experience. Information concerned the frequency of assessment experience with various age levels, types of clinical problems, and specific test instruments. We

Jean C. Elbert; E. Wayne Holden

1987-01-01

8

Practice Forum: Self Psychology in Child Welfare Practice.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The use of self-psychology, a theory first developed by Heinz Kohut, is discussed and illustrated with case examples from child welfare practice. The cases demonstrate that self-psychology can enhance an ecological model. The ways in which self-psychology can enrich the social worker's therapeutic role in permanency planning are emphasized.…

Goldmeier, John; Fandetti, Donald V.

1991-01-01

9

[Psychologic iatrogenic disease in the postsurgical child].  

PubMed

In the present paper, we comment on the psychological and emotional disorders occurring after surgery. We surveyed 150 children that were admitted in several surgical units of our Children's Hospital. We used the Vernon's test in a questionaire. We reached a high level of comprehension. As a result, 121 valid questionaires were returned. The considerable amount of information was statistically studied with a computer, obtaining data on the following aspects: Filiation, frequency and percentage of every answer. Post-hospitalization behaviour evaluated by Vernon's test. Partial and total results under the 6 factors of the questionaire: General anxiety and regression, anxiety about separation, anxiety about sleeping, eating disturbances, agressiveness against authority, apathy and isolation. Previous results in connection with the diverse filiation variables. When we analyzed the results, we confirmed the findings of other investigators: A global damage in child behaviour, that is present in two main aspects: "Anxiety about separation" and "Agressiveness against authority". In conclusion, our results support the need for implementing prophylactic measures, of which "psychological presentation" is the most important, to children that are going to be operated upon. PMID:4083628

Gaona Cartolano, J M; Pérez de Sobrino, R; Ocaña Losa, J M; Romanos Lezcano, A; Castilla del Pino, C

1985-10-31

10

A Brief History of the Development of Abnormal Psychology, a Training Guide.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The material is presented particularly for practitioners, but academicians should find the material of help and value, also, for introductory courses to study of clinical psychology, abnormal psychology, and psychopathology. Areas covered include the foll...

W. R. Phelps

1974-01-01

11

Measurement of Emotional/Psychological Child Maltreatment: A Review  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Emotional/psychological child maltreatment (ECM) is a major public health problem with serious consequences including emotional and behavioral problems. Nevertheless, ECM is an understudied area. Objectives: The aims of this review are to identify measures of ECM and to evaluate their psychometric properties and utilities. We provide a…

Tonmyr, Lil; Draca, Jasminka; Crain, Jennifer; MacMillan, Harriet L.

2011-01-01

12

Minnesota Symposia on Child Psychology, Volume 9.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book is a collection of six papers presented at a 1974 University of Minnesota symposium on child development. The six chapters deal with language acquisition, visual perception, effects of television viewing, the Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS), problem-solving strategies, and Piagetian concepts related to social development. The first…

Pick, Anne D., Ed.

13

Teaching Abnormal Psychology to Improve Attitudes toward Mental Illness and Help-Seeking  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Abnormal psychology instructors often use traditional and personal methods to educate students about and improve student attitudes toward mental illness and professional help-seeking. Data from abnormal psychology students (N = 190) were used to determine if and how students' attitudes toward mental illness and professional help-seeking attitudes…

Kendra, Matthew S.; Cattaneo, Lauren B.; Mohr, Jonathan J.

2012-01-01

14

A Brief History of the Development of Abnormal Psychology: A Training Guide. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presented for practitioners is a history of the development of abnormal psychology. Areas covered include the following: Early medical concepts, ideas carried over from literature, early treatment of the mentally ill, development of the psychological viewpoint, Freud's psychoanalytic theory, Jung's analytic theory, the individual psychology of…

Phelps, William R.

15

A meta-analysis of the relationship of child sexual abuse to adult psychological adjustment  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reports on meta-analyses of the relations of child sexual abuse to adult psychological adjustment. Results indicated statistically significant relationships between the experience of child sexual abuse and subsequent difficulties in psychological adjustment as measured by psychological symptomatology, depression, and self-esteem. Significant heterogeneity occurred across studies using a variety of different subject populations, research designs, and assessment methods. Some

Shan A. Jumper

1995-01-01

16

Adult AttachmentA Mediator Between Child Sexual Abuse and Later Psychological Adjustment  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigated the nature of the relationship between child sexual abuse, adult attachment style as measured by the Relationship Questionnaire, and psychological adjustment as measured by the Trauma Symptom Inventory. Participants were 307 female university students, including 85 women with a history of child sexual abuse. Results indicated that a history of child sexual abuse predicted both psychological adjustment

DIANE N. ROCHE; MARSHA G. RUNTZ; MICHAEL A. HUNTER

1999-01-01

17

Psychological and Support Characteristics of Parents of Child Sexual Abuse Victims: Relationship with Child Functioning and Treatment  

Microsoft Academic Search

Child sexual abuse continues to be a prevalent and complex problem in today’s society as it poses serious and pervasive mental health risks to child victims and their non-offending parents. The main objectives of this study were (a) to elucidate the psychological symptoms and support needs of parents of child sexual abuse victims as they present to group treatment, (b)

Poonam Tavkar

2010-01-01

18

Proportionate Responses to Life Events Influence Clinicians' Judgments of Psychological Abnormality  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Psychological abnormality is a fundamental concept in the "Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders" ("DSM-IV-TR"; American Psychiatric Association, 2000) and in all clinical evaluations. How do practicing clinical psychologists use the context of life events to judge the abnormality of a person's current behaviors? The appropriate…

Kim, Nancy S.; Paulus, Daniel J.; Gonzalez, Jeffrey S.; Khalife, Danielle

2012-01-01

19

AMEDD Clinical Psychology Short Course Held at Madigan Army Medical Center, in Tacoma, Washington on 13-17 June 1988.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report contains the proceedings of the 1988 AMEDD Clinical Psychology Short Course. Keywords: Abnormal psychology, Mental disorders, Clinical psychology, Exceptional Family Member Program, Neuropsychology, HIV, stress, Child psychology, Automation. (...

D. Mangelsdorffs

1990-01-01

20

PIAGET'S LEGACY AS REFLECTED IN THE HANDBOOK OF CHILD PSYCHOLOGY (1998 EDITION)  

Microsoft Academic Search

The 1998 edition of the authoritative Handbook of Child Psychology (HCP, Damon, 1998) was examined to reveal the impact of the work of Jean Piaget on the field of child psychology at the turn of the millennium when TIME magazine hailed him as one of the greatest minds of the century (Papert, 1999). The review is set in the historical

Trevor G. Bond; Anastasia Tryphon

21

On the Use and Misuse of Psychological Testing in Child Custody Evaluations  

Microsoft Academic Search

The use of psychological testing in child custody and visitation disputes is examined. It is argued that although psychological testing can play an important role in custody and visitation evaluations, psychologists routinely misuse test data in this type of forensic case. Possible reasons for the misuse of test data are explored in terms of the assumptions and motives of both

David M. Brodzinsky

1993-01-01

22

Services and Recurrence After Psychological Maltreatment Confirmed by Child Protective Services  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recurrence rates of psychological maltreatment (PM) and the services that may reduce those rates have not been systematically evaluated. The National Child Abuse and Neglect Data System was used for 2003–2007 to study a cohort of children in 18 states with PM reports first confirmed by child protective services (CPS) during 2003. PM recurrence rates after counseling and other referrals

Vincent J. Palusci; Steven J. Ondersma

2012-01-01

23

Parent-child relationships, parental psychological control, and aggression: maternal and paternal relationships.  

PubMed

Few studies have examined both maternal and paternal parenting practices in the prediction of child outcomes despite evidence that underscores the salience of fathers throughout their children's development. This study examined the role of the quality of mother-child and father-child relationships in buffering the influence of ineffective parenting practices on subsequent adolescent aggression. Measures of parental psychological control, the quality of the parent-child relationship, and youth aggressive behavior were completed by 163 (49 % female) mostly White and Asian adolescents and their parents during the eighth and ninth grades. Paternal psychological control predicted aggression when adolescents perceived low-quality relationships with their mothers. Similarly, maternal psychological control predicted aggression when adolescents perceived low-quality relationships with their fathers. Maternal psychological control was also associated with lower levels of aggression among adolescent males who reported a high-quality relationship with their father. These findings indicate that, when one parent exerts psychological control, the low-quality relationship the adolescent shares with the opposite gender parent increases risk for adolescent aggression. The findings also suggest that, as mothers exert psychological control, the high-quality parent-child relationship a son shares with his father decreases risk for adolescent aggression. PMID:24072564

Murray, Kantahyanee W; Dwyer, Kathleen M; Rubin, Kenneth H; Knighton-Wisor, Sarah; Booth-LaForce, Cathryn

2014-08-01

24

Psychological Effects on the Family of a Mentally Retarded Child.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The paper discusses the birth of a mentally retarded infant in terms of initial parent reactions, adjustment, decision to institutionalize, psychological effect on the mother, psychological effect on the father, impact on the marriage, and impact on siblings. The birth is a traumatic experience for the parents and can result in initial feelings of…

Russell, Dorothy S.

25

Homicidal and Nonhomicidal Child Molesters: Psychological, Phallometric, and Criminal Features  

Microsoft Academic Search

Seventeen extrafamilial homicidal child molesters (HCM) were compared to 35 convicted extrafamilial child molesters (CM) who had not murdered, or attempted to murder, their victims. The two groups did not differ on age, IQ, education, history of marriage, or family history, although marriage rates of both groups were well below the national average. Similarly, both groups had high rates of

Philip Firestone; John M. Bradford; David M. Greenberg; Michel R. Larose; Susan Curry

1998-01-01

26

On describing the psychological struggle of child sexual abuse victims through Kierkegaard's concept of self  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of this paper is to use Soren Kierkegaard's concept of self to demonstrate some psychological phenomena of child sexual\\u000a abuse victims. Their self is to a large extent determined by extreme outer circumstances i.e. the abuse and the abusers. In\\u000a order to cope with the consequent psychological pain, such children employ powerful defense mechanisms which consequently,\\u000a however, means

Man Cheung Chung; Robert Hill

1993-01-01

27

Roots and Wings: How Attachment and Temperament Shape Development. Revolutionary Studies in Child Psychology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Summaries of four studies in child psychology reveal that children's attachment to caregivers depends on physical contact more than food; secure attachment to loving caregivers provides a base from which children explore and learn; children's separation behaviors reveal much about their attachment relationship; and children are born with traits…

Thurber, Christopher A.

2003-01-01

28

Psychological Abuse between Parents: Associations with Child Maltreatment from a Population-Based Sample  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: This study examined the association between partner psychological abuse and child maltreatment perpetration. Methods: This cross-sectional study examined a population-based sample of mothers with children aged 0-17 years in North and South Carolina (n = 1,149). Mothers were asked about the occurrence of potentially neglectful or abusive…

Chang, Jen Jen; Theodore, Adrea D.; Martin, Sandra L.; Runyan, Desmond K.

2008-01-01

29

Social and psychological costs of preventive child health services in Haiti  

Microsoft Academic Search

Much of the research on determinants of health service utilization has focused on economic and cognitive variables which influence preventative health behavior. Our ethnographic study of maternal perceptions of the barriers and incentives to immunization use in Haiti underscores the importance of 'hidden' social and psychological costs of utilization, such as embarrassment, fear, child care difficulties, and competing demands on

Jeannine Coreil; Antoine Augustin; Neal A. Halsey; Elizabeth Holt

1994-01-01

30

The psychological development of justice and injustice in child maltreatment: some theoretical implications  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article presents how children construct their experiences of justice and injustice and how abuse relates exclusively to the meanings assigned to these constructs. The effects of trauma are most apparent when significant and generalized others (i.e.; family, community, culture) cannot maintain the human contracts that bond people, define social order, and ensure justice. The psychological adaptation of the child

Salman Elbedour

1994-01-01

31

Giving Children Security: Mamie Phipps Clark and the Racialization of Child Psychology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines the individual and social contexts of the life of Mamie Clark (wife of African American psychologist Kenneth Clark), whose work at the Harlem Northside Center for Child Development helped define an increasing interest in the psychology of children of color. Urges greater attention to the dynamics of race and gender in history of…

Lal, Shafali

2002-01-01

32

Predictors of Psychological Distress and Positive Resources among Palestinian Adolescents: Trauma, Child, and Mothering Characteristics  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: The aim was to examine how traumatic and stressful events, responses to violence, child characteristics, and mothering quality, as measured in middle childhood predict psychological distress and positive resources in adolescence. Method: The participants were 65 Palestinian adolescents (17 [plus or minus] 0.85 years; 52% girls), who had…

Qouta, Samir; Punamaki, Raija-Leena; Montgomery, Edith; El Sarraj, Eyad

2007-01-01

33

Proportionate responses to life events influence clinicians' judgments of psychological abnormality.  

PubMed

Psychological abnormality is a fundamental concept in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV-TR; American Psychiatric Association, 2000) and in all clinical evaluations. How do practicing clinical psychologists use the context of life events to judge the abnormality of a person's current behaviors? The appropriate role of life-event context in assessment has long been the subject of intense debate and scrutiny among clinical theorists, yet relatively little is known about clinicians' own judgments in practice. The authors propose a proportionate-response hypothesis, such that judgments of abnormality are influenced by whether the behaviors are a disproportionate response to past events, rendering them difficult to understand or explain. Licensed, practicing clinical psychologists (N = 77) were presented with vignettes describing hypothetical people's behaviors (disordered, mildly distressed, or unaffected) that had been preceded by either traumatic or mildly distressing events. Experts' judgments of abnormality were strongly and systematically influenced by the degree of mismatch between the past event and current behaviors in strength and valence, such that the greater the mismatch, the more abnormal the person seemed. A separate, additional group of clinical psychologists (N = 20) further confirmed that the greater the degree of mismatch, the greater the perceived difficulty in understanding the patient. These findings held true across clinicians of different theoretical orientations and in disorders for which these patterns of judgments ran contrary to formal recommendations in the DSM-IV-TR (American Psychiatric Association, 2000). The rationality of these effects and implications for clinical decision science are discussed. PMID:22142425

Kim, Nancy S; Paulus, Daniel J; Gonzalez, Jeffrey S; Khalife, Danielle

2012-09-01

34

Psychological intervention for a child exposed to murder.  

PubMed

This report describes the process of psychotherapy for a 7-y-old boy who witnessed the gruesome murder of his mother by the father. Expressive therapy techniques such as play, art and storytelling were used to help the child emote, achieve independence and emotional maturity. The child was seen as an in-patient for 3 mo on a daily basis, followed by weekly and subsequently bi-monthly follow ups. During the ward stay, aggression towards other children and grandmother had reduced significantly. The child was able to verbalize the irreversibility and inevitability of death, and had developed healthy ways to resolve the grief. In the subsequent follow ups, although some behavior problems persisted, gains from therapy generalized to help him deal with challenges of real life, such as a constantly lurking fear of the father returning from prison. PMID:23604611

Rupa, Megha; Hirisave, Uma; Srinath, Shoba

2014-05-01

35

The child-abusing parent: A psychological review  

Microsoft Academic Search

Review of professional opinions in the literature reveals that (a) the abusing parent was himself raised with some degree of deprivation, (b) the abusing parent brings to his role as parent mistaken notions of child rearing, (c) there is present in the parent a general defect in character structure allowing aggressive impulses to be expressed too freely, and (d) while

John J. Spinetta; David Rigler

1972-01-01

36

The Psychological Rights of the Child and the Law.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Children's rights are discussed as part of a larger conflict between the integrative (emphasizing the duty of institutions to guide the child) and the libertarian views of civil rights. The relative authority given to the judgments of parents, professionals, and children by the law and by court decisions is described. (Author/PP)

Teitelbaum, Lee E.

1982-01-01

37

The Normalised Child: A Non-Traditional Psychological Framework  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The terms "normalisation" and "normalised child" were introduced into early childhood scholarship by Maria Montessori, whose ideas regarding norm and deviation in children's development and behaviour have been discussed, debated and sometimes criticised, but remain magnetic and recognised worldwide. Contemporary Western society is witnessing a…

Grebennikov, Leonid

2005-01-01

38

Self-Reported Online Child Pornography Behavior: A Psychological Analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Limited research has been conducted on the differences between those individuals who view, download, or share online child pornography (CP) from those who do not. Using Bandura's theory of reciprocal determinism, the current study tested whether Internet CP-users differed from non-CP users in their personality characteristics. 307 respondents completed an online survey: 277 were classified as non-CP users, and 30

Kathryn C. Seigfried; Richard W. Lovely; Marcus K. Rogers

2008-01-01

39

Relating Body Image to Psychological and Sexual Functioning in Child Sexual Abuse Survivors  

Microsoft Academic Search

Cognitive-affective body image variables and their relation to long-term psychological and sexual functioning were investigated in a community sample of 57 female adult child sexual abuse (CSA) survivors and 47 comparison subjects. The Body-Self Relations Questionnaire and the Body Esteem Scale were administered to assess cognitive-affective body image. Group comparisons indicated that, after controlling for actual weight status, survivors evaluated

Kerstin Wenninger; Julia R. Heiman

1998-01-01

40

[Team supervision in pediatric day care facilities. Experiences with special psychologic child rearing technique].  

PubMed

This article reports about experiences made with team supervision in child care centers. Some thoughts about socio-political and relationship-psychological conditions for the work pedagogues are first described. These are followed by observations and findings from the supervision groups, referring to implicit occupational norms of the pedagogues and their partially unreflected helping impulses. The experiences made are encouraging regarding continuing and intensifying the supervision work. PMID:8506214

Knoke, H

1993-03-01

41

Child Abuse: A Black Perspective Utilizing a Social-Psychological Model  

PubMed Central

The majority of models utilized in the formulation of the dynamics of child abuse rely upon an individual psychopathological frame of reference. Not only is this approach limited, but it renders primary preventive approaches virtually impossible. The author presents a social-psychological model, with the recommendation that it be applied among blacks. Essential to the model's applicability is the vulnerability of blacks to institutionalized racism and to the universal and destructive institutional abuse to which blacks are subjected. While often quite covert, this abuse is nonetheless extremely noxious, and serves to potentiate the view blacks have of themselves as undervalued individuals, and as individuals who have no alternative other than to commit abuse to others. Child abuse in blacks is viewed as reactive in nature—reactive to societal abuse. This adaptational model of child abuse, rather than precluding an individual psychopathological model, complements it. Use of this model should facilitate primary prevention with respect to child abuse. Current approaches to child abuse are comparable to “an ambulance service at the bottom of a cliff.” What is lacking is an approach that will “fix the road on the cliff that causes the accidents.” Only by examining the intricate interplay between individual and society can the factors that lead to child abuse be modified.

Butts, Hugh F.

1979-01-01

42

Child Sexual Abuse and Revictimization in the Form of Adult Sexual Abuse, Adult Physical Abuse, and Adult Psychological Maltreatment  

Microsoft Academic Search

Research has suggested that child sexual abuse (CSA) may place a woman at greater risk for further abuse in adulthood, a phenomenon called revictimization. Revictimization may occur in the form of unwanted sexual contact, physical abuse, and psychological maltreatment. This study assessed CSA and adult sexual, physical, and psychological abuse with a sample of 633 college women. Survivors of CSA

TERRI L. MESSMAN-MOORE; PATRICIA J. LONG

2000-01-01

43

Myself or someone like me: a review of the literature on the psychological well-being of child actors.  

PubMed

The number of child actors on television, in movies, and on stage has increased dramatically in recent years. While many regulations and laws are in place to protect the physical and financial well-being of these young performers, little attention has been given to their psychological health and the strength of their self-concepts. This paper reviews the literature related to child actors' psychological well-being and makes a case for future research into the topic. Available data are very limited but suggest that actors may have a weaker self-concept and more psychological concerns than people who are not actors, and that the personalities and behaviors actors display publically may be incorporated into their self-concepts. As a result, child actors appear to have unique psychological needs that should be addressed. PMID:21987069

Anderson, Leslie Margaret

2011-09-01

44

[Investigation of factors affecting psychological depression in child-rearing mothers].  

PubMed

Child-rearing mothers (n = 1,459) were surveyed by questionnaire in regard to their feeling psychologically depressed and for prevalence of some conditions in their life frequently referred to as affecting factors that may be rated to the depression. A working scale of depression for this research was developed through a Multi Dimensional Scaling Procedure. Crobach's alpha of this scale was as large as 0.77 and correlational coefficients of this scale between each question were greater than 0.46 and less than 0.70. This scale was considered sufficient for the purpose of this research to obtain depressive scores. Coefficients in multiple regression analysis predictive for depressive score were obtained. Correlations were also calculated between depressive score and the factors stratifying by mothers' demographic factors. Out of a total 21.6 coefficients only 14 were greater than 0.30 and no factor showed coefficients greater than 0.80 through all the stratifications. None of the factors analyzed in this study appear to satisfactorily explain psychological depression. Therefore further search for real factors that affect the psychological depression in child-rearing mothers is required. PMID:10550976

Yahata, Y; Hata, E; Sato, C; Iwanaga, T

1999-07-01

45

A Prospective Investigation of the Relationship Between Child Maltreatment and Indicators of Adult Psychological Well-Being  

PubMed Central

The study of psychological well-being will advance understanding of child maltreatment effects and resilience processes. In this study, the mean level of anger in adulthood was significantly higher for those identified 3 decades earlier as having been maltreated. Mean levels of self-esteem, autonomy, purpose in life, perceived (fewer) constraints, and happiness and satisfaction were lower for those who were maltreated according to child welfare reports. Officially recorded child maltreatment was moderately (r < .30) correlated with several psychological well-being indicators and predictive of adult anger, self-esteem, autonomy, and happiness/life satisfaction, after accounting for childhood SES, gender, and other sources of data on child abuse and neglect. Parent-reported abusive disciplining also uniquely predicted several outcomes, as did a measure of observed child neglect to a lesser extent.

Herrenkohl, Todd I.; Klika, J. Bart; Herrenkohl, Roy C.; Russo, M. Jean; Dee, Tamara

2012-01-01

46

What can abnormal environments tell us about normal people? Polar stations as natural psychology laboratories.  

PubMed

The psychological effects of unusual environments reveal different aspects of behaviour from those seen in more customary situations. Such environments provide natural laboratories in which many questions of psychological interest, varying with the specific environment, may be studied. This paper uses isolated polar stations to illustrate this point. In such settings, the usual parameters that control a variety of psychological processes are drastically changed, and confounding variables are stripped away. Consequently, the environment offers unique perspectives on environmental perception and cognition; adaptation to and use of the environment; environmental bonding; social interaction; and coping with environmental challenge. PMID:11541914

Suedfeld, P

1998-03-01

47

Child Rights as a Framework for Advancing Professional Standards for Practice, Ethics, and Professional Development in School Psychology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The United Nations (1989) Convention on the Rights of the Child was designed to promote and protect the survival, development, and well-being of children, thus extending human rights to individuals from birth to age 18. This article examines the consistency of the Articles of the Convention with the professional standards for school psychology, as…

Nastasi, Bonnie Kaul; Naser, Shereen

2014-01-01

48

Longitudinal Effects of Divorce on the Quality of the Father-Child Relationship and on Fathers' Psychological Well-Being.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

States that the effect of divorce on the quality of the father-child relationship and fathers' psychological well being is moderated by the residence of children. Divorce is associated with lower relationship quality only for nonresident fathers and is associated with a decline in happiness for nonresident fathers. Divorced fathers are more…

Shapiro, Adam; Lambert, James David

1999-01-01

49

A meta?analytic review of findings from national samples on psychological correlates of child sexual abuse  

Microsoft Academic Search

In response to the availability of a growing literature on the psychological correlates of child sexual abuse (CSA), numerous researchers have conducted literature reviews of these correlates. These reviewers have generally reported that CSA is associated with a wide variety of adjustment problems, and many have additionally implied or concluded that, in the population of persons with CSA experiences, (a)

Bruce Rind; Philip Tromovitch

1997-01-01

50

The Role of Maternal Communication Patterns about Interparental Disputes in Associations between Interparental Conflict and Child Psychological Maladjustment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present study examined the role of mothers' communication with children about interparental disputes in associations between interparental conflict and child psychological maladjustment in a sample of 227 children and their parents followed over a one-year span. Most of the time (i.e., 79.8%) mothers reported that they would communicate with…

Gomulak-Cavicchio, Beata M.; Davies, Patrick T.; Cummings, E. Mark

2006-01-01

51

The Impact of Child-Related Stressors on the Psychological Functioning of Lower-Income Mothers after Hurricane Katrina  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the present study, the authors examined the role of child-related stressors in the psychological adjustment of lower-income, primarily unmarried and African American, mothers (N = 386). All participants lived in areas affected by Hurricane Katrina, and about a third were also exposed to Hurricane Rita (30.3%, n = 117). Lacking knowledge of a…

Lowe, Sarah R.; Chan, Christian S.; Rhodes, Jean E.

2011-01-01

52

PRECURSORS AND CORRELATES OF WOMEN'S VIOLENCE: CHILD ABUSE TRAUMATIZATION, VICTIMIZATION OF WOMEN, AVOIDANCE COPING, AND PSYCHOLOGICAL SYMPTOMS  

Microsoft Academic Search

Path modeling assessed (a) the influence of child abuse traumatization on women's use of violence and their experiences of being victimized, (b) the association of these three variables to depressive and posttraumatic stress symptoms, and (c) the indirect pathways from women using violence and their being victimized to psychological symptoms through avoidance coping. Among 108 primarily African American women recruited

Tami P. Sullivan; Katharine J. Meese; Suzanne C. Swan; Carolyn M. Mazure; David L. Snow

2005-01-01

53

The First Studies Related to the Course of Child Development and Psychology in Preschool Education in Turkey -A Sample Historical Textbook for the Preschool Teachers  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study points out the changing process of child development, child psychology and the courses relating to child development in historical process of preschool education. The main point of this study is to analyze a book, which is recognized a textbook for preschool education in the history of preschool education. The book which was translated into Ottoman Turkish for the

Faruk Öztürk; S. Güler Öztürk

54

The Impact of Child-Related Stressors on the Psychological Functioning of Lower-Income Mothers After Hurricane Katrina.  

PubMed

In the present study, the authors examined the role of child-related stressors in the psychological adjustment of lower-income, primarily unmarried and African American, mothers (N = 386). All participants lived in areas affected by Hurricane Katrina, and about a third were also exposed to Hurricane Rita (30.3%, n = 117). Lacking knowledge of a child's safety during the hurricanes was a significant predictor of heightened postdisaster psychological distress and posttraumatic stress, even after controlling for demographic variables, predisaster psychological distress, evacuation timing, and bereavement. From interviews with a subset of the participants (n = 57), we found that mothers consistently put their own needs behind those of their children. The authors recommend policies that promptly reunite mothers with missing children and support lower-income mothers in caring for their children during natural disasters and the aftermath. PMID:22383861

Lowe, Sarah R; Chan, Christian S; Rhodes, Jean E

2011-10-01

55

Pathways from parental AIDS to child psychological, educational and sexual risk: developing an empirically-based interactive theoretical model.  

PubMed

Increasing evidence demonstrates negative psychological, health, and developmental outcomes for children associated with parental HIV/AIDS illness and death. However, little is known about how parental AIDS leads to negative child outcomes. This study used a structural equation modelling approach to develop an empirically-based theoretical model of interactive relationships between parental or primary caregiver AIDS-illness, AIDS-orphanhood and predicted intervening factors associated with children's psychological distress, educational access and sexual health. Cross-sectional data were collected in 2009-2011, from 6002 children aged 10-17 years in three provinces of South Africa using stratified random sampling. Comparison groups included children orphaned by AIDS, orphaned by other causes and non-orphans, and children whose parents or primary caregivers were unwell with AIDS, unwell with other causes or healthy. Participants reported on psychological symptoms, educational access, and sexual health risks, as well as hypothesized sociodemographic and intervening factors. In order to build an interactive theoretical model of multiple child outcomes, multivariate regression and structural equation models were developed for each individual outcome, and then combined into an overall model. Neither AIDS-orphanhood nor parental AIDS-illness were directly associated with psychological distress, educational access, or sexual health. Instead, significant indirect effects of AIDS-orphanhood and parental AIDS-illness were obtained on all measured outcomes. Child psychological, educational and sexual health risks share a common set of intervening variables including parental disability, poverty, community violence, stigma, and child abuse that together comprise chain effects. In all models, parental AIDS-illness had stronger effects and more risk pathways than AIDS-orphanhood, especially via poverty and parental disability. AIDS-orphanhood and parental AIDS-illness impact child outcomes through multiple, interlinked pathways. The interactive model developed in this study suggests key areas of focus for interventions with AIDS-affected children. PMID:23631794

Cluver, Lucie; Orkin, Mark; Boyes, Mark E; Sherr, Lorraine; Makasi, Daphne; Nikelo, Joy

2013-06-01

56

Services and recurrence after psychological maltreatment confirmed by child protective services.  

PubMed

Recurrence rates of psychological maltreatment (PM) and the services that may reduce those rates have not been systematically evaluated. The National Child Abuse and Neglect Data System was used for 2003-2007 to study a cohort of children in 18 states with PM reports first confirmed by child protective services (CPS) during 2003. PM recurrence rates after counseling and other referrals were assessed while controlling for factors associated with service referral and other maltreatment. A total of 11,646 children had a first CPS-confirmed report with PM, and 9.2% of them had a second-confirmed PM report within 5 years. Fewer than one fourth of families were referred for services after PM, with service referrals being more likely for families with poverty, drug or alcohol problems, or other violence. Controlling for these factors, counseling referral was associated with a 54% reduction in PM recurrence, but other services were not associated with statistically significant reductions. Few families in which PM was confirmed receive any services, and most services provided were not associated with reductions in PM recurrence. Clarification of key services associated with efficacious prevention of PM is needed. PMID:22329945

Palusci, Vincent J; Ondersma, Steven J

2012-05-01

57

Severe hypermagnesemia presenting with abnormal electrocardiographic findings similar to those of hyperkalemia in a child undergoing peritoneal dialysis  

PubMed Central

In this report, we present a pediatric case of severe symptomatic hypermagnesemia resulting from the use of magnesium oxide as a laxative in a child undergoing continuous cyclic peritoneal dialysis for end-stage renal disease. The patient showed abnormal electrocardiography (ECG) findings, such as tall T waves, a widened QRS complex, and irregular conduction, which were initially misdiagnosed as hyperkalemia; later, the correct diagnosis of hypermagnesemia was obtained. Emergent hemodialysis successfully returned the serum magnesium concentration to normal without complications. When abnormal ECG changes are detected in patients with renal failure, hypermagnesemia should be considered.

Jhang, Won Kyoung; Lee, Yoon Jung; Kim, Young A; Park, Seong Jong

2013-01-01

58

The relationship between Body Mass Index and abnormal psychological and personality variables  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Body Mass Index (BMI) was created in order to classify individuals into body weight categories ranging from below normal\\u000a to very obese, depending on the individual’s weight and height. The Body Mass Index has been identified as a marker for psychological\\u000a issues such as self-control, self-esteem, depression, and anxiety. This study used a data matrix composed of a sample

Miranda J. Ours; William U. Weiss; Cary Rostow; Robert Davis

2006-01-01

59

Child Abuse: Implications for Child Development and Psychopathology. Second Edition. Developmental Clinical Psychology and Psychiatry, Volume 10.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book examines the role child abuse plays within a victim's individual development from childhood through their adult life. It begins by describing the different types of child abuse, prevalence rates, and risk factors. It also describes four types of child maltreatment that include: physical abuse, neglect, sexual abuse, and emotional abuse.…

Wolfe, David A.

60

Editorial: Illuminating the dark matter of developmental neuropsychiatric genetics - strategic focus for future research in child psychology and psychiatry.  

PubMed

Research on genetic factors influencing cognitive and behavioural traits or which are central to the aetiology of neuropsychiatric diseases has been complicated by a furtive discrepancy between high heritability estimates and a scarcity of replicable gene-disorder associations. This 'missing heritability' has been either euphemised as the 'dark matter' of gene-trait association or aggravated as the 'looming crisis in behavioural genetics'. Nevertheless, in recognising the importance of this topic for our understanding of child psychiatric conditions and highlighting its commitment to the field, the Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry (JCPP) has for the first time appointed an editor with special responsibility for molecular (epi)genetics. PMID:24552481

Lesch, Klaus-Peter

2014-03-01

61

Psychological Distress, Service Utilization, and Prescribed Medications among Youth with and without Histories of Involvement with Child Protective Services  

Microsoft Academic Search

The objective of this study was to examine differences in psychological distress, service utilization, and prescriptions for\\u000a medications between adolescents with histories of family involvement with child protective services (CPS) and adolescents\\u000a without such involvement. Data on 3,497 students were obtained from the 2009 cycle of the Ontario Student Drug Use and Health\\u000a Survey, a province-wide school-based survey of 7th

Hayley A. Hamilton; Angela Paglia-Boak; Christine Wekerle; Anna Marie Danielson; Robert E. Mann

62

Linking Regulation of Practitioner School Psychology and the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child: The Need to Build a Bridge  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 2014, the 25th anniversary of the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child presents an opportunity for school psychology to evaluate its achievements relevant to the Convention, as well as its current and future strategic adherence to the Convention's principles. With analysis of key school psychology documentation from the UK,…

Woods, Kevin; Bond, Caroline

2014-01-01

63

Adoptive Gay Father Families: Parent-Child Relationships and Children's Psychological Adjustment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Findings are presented on a U.K. study of 41 gay father families, 40 lesbian mother families, and 49 heterosexual parent families with an adopted child aged 3-9 years. Standardized interview and observational and questionnaire measures of parental well-being, quality of parent-child relationships, child adjustment, and child sex-typed behavior…

Golombok, Susan; Mellish, Laura; Jennings, Sarah; Casey, Polly; Tasker, Fiona; Lamb, Michael E.

2014-01-01

64

Are There Gender-Specific Pathways from Early Adolescence Psychological Distress Symptoms toward the Development of Substance Use and Abnormal Eating Behavior?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of the present longitudinal community study was to test whether psychological distress at 13 years of age predicted reported substance use problems in boys and abnormal eating behavior in girls 2 years later. The sample consisted of 500 male and 576 female students. The use of substances was evaluated using a semi-structured interview,…

Beato-Fernandez, Luis; Rodriguez-Cano, Teresa; Pelayo-Delgado, Esther; Calaf, Myralys

2007-01-01

65

A COMPARATIVE STUDY OF PSYCHOLOGICAL FACTORS IN PATIENTS WITH NORMAL AND ABNORMAL ANGIOGRAPHIC FINDINGS  

PubMed Central

Chest pain is one of the most common symptoms in psychiatric and primary care practice and a frequent reason for extensive diagnostic work-up. Despite extensive investigations no recognizable medical cause to account for these symptoms is detected in many patients with chest pain. Studies of patients with non-cardiac chest pain have revealed that many continue to report symptoms and disability despite medical reassurances. The aims of the study were to evaluate the prevalence of psychiatric morbidity, personality profile and stressors along with functional impairment in patients with chest pain and normal angiographic findings and compare the same with patients who have chest pain but abnormal angiographic findings and a diagnosis of ischemic heart disease. The study included 30 consecutive patients in each group. The scales used were SCID-I of DSM-III-R, 16-PF, semi structured questionnaire for assessment of type A behaviour, PSLES and GAF scale of DSM-III-R. Panic disorder and depression were highly prevalent in patients with atypical chest pain. These patients had lower prevalence of type A behaviour, a unique 16-PF profile, experienced more stresses at any given point in time and significant impairment in day-day and in socio-occupational functioning.

Dave, Malay; Dhavale, H.S.

1999-01-01

66

Psychology and Education of the Learning Disabled Child in the Soviet Union. Research Report No. 78.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The author surveys the status in the USSR of educational programing and psychological research with learning disabled children who are classified as temporarily retarded in psychological development (TRPD). Education and psychology in the USSR are said to be marked by the following major characteristics: a strong emphasis on the importance of…

Wozniak, R. H.

67

The juridical impact of psychological expert testimony in a simulated child sexual abuse trial  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using a simulated child sexual abuse case, our study investigated the impact of expert testimony about cognitive development in children on jury decisions. Twenty-four gender-balanced panels, each of 6 mock jurors, viewed a videotaped simulation of a criminal court trial in which age of the child victim\\/witness (6, 9, or 12 years), sex of the child, and the presence or

Michael J. Crowley; M. Gemma O’Callaghan; Peter J. Ballt

1994-01-01

68

The One-Parent/One-Child Family: Social and Psychological Consequences.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The single purpose of the research was to explore the dynamics of living in a single-parent family with an only child. This research used intensive, in-depth interviews with women in one-parent/one-child families which were compared with one-parent/two-ch...

D. F. Polit J. Berman C. D. Mayer N. E. Genger

1980-01-01

69

Maternal Psychological Functioning, Family Processes, and Child Adjustment in Rural, Single-Parent, African American Families.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Tested a model linking family financial resources to adjustment among African American 6- to 9-year olds with single, rural, Southern mothers. Found that inadequate financial resources related to mothers' depression and low self-esteem. Self-esteem was linked with family routines and mother-child relationship quality. Child self-regulation…

Brody, Gene H.; Flor, Douglas L.

1997-01-01

70

Attachment Styles and Psychological Profiles of Child Sex Offenders in Ireland  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

When 29 child sex offenders, 30 violent offenders, 30 nonviolent offenders, and 30 community controls were compared, a secure adult attachment style was 4 times less common in the child sex offender group than in any of the other three groups. Ninety-three percent of sex offenders had an insecure adult attachment style. Compared with community…

Marsa, Fiona; O'Reilly, Gary; Carr, Alan; Murphy, Paul; O'Sullivan, Maura; Cotter, Anthony; Hevey, David

2004-01-01

71

The effects of complainant age and expert psychological testimony in a simulated child sexual abuse trial  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mock jurors viewed a videotape of a simulated child sexual abuse trial and then deliberated to a unanimous verdict. The complainant was described as either a 13- or 17-year-old female child. Jurors voted to convict more often when the younger complainant was seen, and the younger complainant was rated as more credible than the older complainant. Female jurors voted the

Natalie J. Gabora; Nicholas P. Spanos; Amanda Joab

1993-01-01

72

The Child's Demystification of Psychological Defense Mechanisms: A Structural and Developmental Analysis.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Explored the relationships between the cognitive developmental level of preoperational, concrete operational, and formal operational children (N=10) and their success in interpreting and explaining each of eight commonly described mechanisms of psychological defense. (JMB)

Chandler, Michael J.; And Others

1978-01-01

73

Grieving the wanted child: ramifications of abortion after prenatal diagnosis of abnormality.  

PubMed

Prenatal diagnosis is increasingly common. Whereas amniocentesis is typically performed in the second trimester, chorionic villus sampling (CVS) is a first-trimester procedure, which makes an earlier, safer abortion possible. However, CVS carries a slightly higher risk of miscarriage and other complications. In choosing a procedure, couples (with the aid of genetic counseling) must weigh the risks of miscarriage against the odds and implications of an abnormal diagnosis. Interviews with women who decided on abortions after amniocentesis or CVS and meetings with genetic counselors indicate that both types of abortion are more traumatic than is commonly realized. Both dash dreams and hopes. Termination after amniocentesis also forces the mother to take an active part in the life and death of a nearly viable fetus. Yet, because abortions for fetal abnormality are statistically rare, there is little societal understanding and minimal support for those who experience them. This is true of health care workers as well as for the couple's primary support group. PMID:8138469

Kolker, A; Burke, B M

1993-01-01

74

The Psychological Autopsy and Determination of Child Suicides: A Survey of Medical Examiners  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study explored the decision-making processes of medical examiners in the determination of child suicide. Ninety-four medical examiners completed a survey regarding those factors considered when making a child suicide determination, sources of information used, and considerations in accident vs. suicide classifications. No significant differences between groups of respondents were observed. Well-known risk factors such as suicide notes were considered

Franci Crepeau-Hobson

2010-01-01

75

Psychological Maltreatment--Maltreatment of the Mind: A Catalyst for Advancing Child Protection toward Proactive Primary Prevention and Promotion of Personal Well-Being  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: Child protection, as primarily applied toward narrow corrective intervention, has been judged to be inadequate in dealing with the wide variety of forms and levels of physical, psychological and sexual violence to which children are subjected throughout the world. Concern about this state of affairs has grown as a part of a global…

Hart, Stuart N.; Glaser, Danya

2011-01-01

76

Perceived Parental Control Processes, Parent-Child Relational Qualities, and Psychological Well-Being in Chinese Adolescents with and without Economic Disadvantage  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The author assessed the relationships between poverty and perceived parenting style, parent-child relationships, and adolescent psychological well-being in Chinese secondary school students (N = 3,017). Participants completed questionnaires designed to assess (a) the degree to which their parents used monitoring, discipline, and other techniques…

Shek, Daniel T. L.

2005-01-01

77

Socialization and the Child Rearing Practice. [Proceedings from the] Fenno-Hungarian Conference on Developmental Psychology (4th, Debrecen, Hungary, October 4-6, 1995).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The fourth meeting of the Fenno-Hungarian Conferences on Developmental Psychology had as its theme "Socialization and the Child-Rearing Practice. The conference consisted of three Symposia. The first symposium, "Results of the collaborations on the basis of the series of the Fenno-Hungarian conferences," contains the following papers; (1)…

Sugar-Kadar, Julia, Ed.

1997-01-01

78

The Debate over the Young "Disadvantaged Child": Preschool Intervention, Developmental Psychology, and Compensatory Education in the 1960s and Early 1970s  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

I focus on the role of preschool intervention and developmental psychology researchers in defining the concept of the "disadvantaged child" and in designing and evaluating remedies to alleviate educational "disadvantages" in young children. I argue that preschool interventions concentrated especially on compensating for supposedly deficient…

Beatty, Barbara

2012-01-01

79

Uniparental isodisomy of chromosome 14 in two cases: An abnormal child and a normal adult  

SciTech Connect

Uniparental disomy (UPD) of a number of different chromosomes has been found in association with abnormal phenotypes. A growing body of evidence for an imprinting effect involving chromosome 14 has been accumulating. We report on a case of paternal UPD of chromosome 14 studied in late gestation due to polyhydramnios and a ventral wall hernia. A prenatal karyotype documented a balanced Robertsonian 14:14 translocation. The baby was born prematurely with hairy forehead, retrognathia, mild puckering of the lips and finger contractures. Hypotonia has persisted since birth and at age one year, a tracheostomy for laryngomalacia and gastrostomy for feeding remain necessary. Absence of maternal VNTR polymorphisms and homozygosity of paternal polymorphisms using chromosome 14 specific probes at D14S22 and D14S13 loci indicated paternal uniparental isodisomy (pUPID). Parental chromosomes were normal. We also report on a case of maternal LTPD in a normal patient with a balanced Robertsonian 14:14 translocation and a history of multiple miscarriages. Five previous reports of chromosome 14 UPD suggest that an adverse developmental effect may be more severe whenever the UPD is paternal in origin. This is the second reported patient with paternal UPD and the fifth reported with maternal UPD, and only few phenotypic similarities are apparent. Examination of these chromosome 14 UPD cases of maternal and paternal origin suggests that there are syndromic imprinting effects. 30 refs., 3 figs.

Papenhausen, P.R.; Mueller, O.T.; Sutcliffe, M.; Diamond, T.M.; Kousseff, B.G. [Univ. of South Florida College of Medicine, Tampa, FL (United States); Johnson, V.P. [Univ. of South Dakota, Sioux Falls, SD (United States)

1995-11-20

80

Applications of Generalizability Theory to Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology Research  

PubMed Central

Using generalizability theory to evaluate the reliability of child and adolescent measures enables researchers to enhance precision of measurement and consequently increase confidence in research findings. With an observer-rated measure of child self-regulation, we illustrate how multiple sources of error variance (e.g., raters, items) affect the dependability (replicability) of scores and demonstrate methods for enhancing dependability of observer ratings. Using ratings of 181 children, we illustrate the use of two-facet (i.e., raters and items as sources of error) and three-facet (i.e., raters, items and occasions) analyses to optimize design features of future studies using this measure. In addition, we show how generalizability theory provides a useful conceptual framework for thinking about determinants of scores on acquaintance (e.g., teacher or parent) ratings, as well as observer ratings, and sheds light on the strengths and limitations of both types of data for child and adolescent clinical research.

Lakes, Kimberley D.; Hoyt, William T.

2013-01-01

81

Common Psychological Disorders in Young Children: A Handbook for Child Care Professionals  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Promote the mental health of preschool children in care by providing nurturing environments and relationships. Common Psychological Disorders in Young Children is an easy-to-use guide that will help providers recognize and cope with the symptoms and behaviors associated with ADHD, autism, anxiety, and other disorders providers may face. Learn to…

Bilmes, Jenna; Welker, Tara

2006-01-01

82

Maternal Affection Moderates the Impact of Psychological Control on a Child's Mathematical Performance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated the extent to which mothers' psychological control predicts their children's mathematical performance during the children's transition from preschool to primary school over and above the impact of maternal affection and behavioral control. Also investigated was the extent to which maternal affection and behavioral control…

Aunola, Kaisa; Nurmi, Jari-Erik

2004-01-01

83

Distinguishing Caregiver Strain from Psychological Distress: Modeling the Relationships Among Child, Family, and Caregiver Variables  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although both have been used in studies of the impact of mental illness on the family, the constructs of caregiver strain (often referred to as “burden of care”) and psychological distress have not been clearly distinguished. The vagueness surrounding these constructs, and the lack of a cohesive conceptual framework for understanding how they relate, leads to contradictory interpretations of results.

AnaMaria Brannan; CraigAnne Heflinger

2001-01-01

84

The Child at School: Interactions with Peers and Teachers. Texts in Developmental Psychology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Noting that school provides one of the most important arenas for interactive processes that are crucial to children's healthy social development, this book examines the social, educational, and developmental psychology of the school environment, focusing on peer relationships and teacher-student interactions. The book demonstrates the complexities…

Pellegrini, Anthony D.; Blatchford, Peter

85

Maternal Psychological Control and Child Internalizing Symptoms: Vulnerability and Protective Factors across Bioregulatory and Ecological Domains  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: We examined ecological (family socioeconomic status (SES)) and bioregulatory (sleep duration, sleep efficiency) moderators of the link between maternal psychological control and children's vulnerability to internalizing symptoms. Method: A large socioeconomically diverse sample of third graders (N = 141) and their mothers participated.…

El-Sheikh, Mona; Hinnant, J. Benjamin; Kelly, Ryan J.; Erath, Stephen

2010-01-01

86

Initial Characteristics of Psychological Development and Evolution of the Young Autistic Child  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This longitudinal study assessed multidisciplinary data on 219 children with autistic spectrum disorders from the median age of 5 (Time 1) to 8 years old (Time 2). The evolution of psychological and adaptive data was subjected to cluster analysis. Four clinically meaningful clusters emerged. The first group (21%) demonstrated the most important…

Pry, Rene; Bodet, Joffrey; Pernon, Eric; Aussilloux, Charles; Baghdadli, Amaria

2007-01-01

87

The Orthopedically Disabled Child: Psychological Implications with an Individual Basis. July 1984 Revision.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study describes the implications of the Individual Psychology of Alfred Adler and field theory associated with Kurt Lewin in understanding orthopedically disabled children and points out that orthopedically disabled youngsters have a remarkable range of individual differences both in type of disability as well as level of adjustment.…

Sigmon, Scott B.

88

Current Psychological Functioning of Child Sexual Assault SurvivorsA Community Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

We interviewed a community sample of 391 women to obtain a thorough history of lifetime victimization experiences, including experiences such as childhood and adult sexual assault, aggravated assault, robbery, and burglary. In order to assess current psychological functioning, participants were administered the Derogatis Symptom Checklist-90 Revised, the Modified Fear Survey, and the Impact of Event scale. Results indicated that childhood

SHANE M. MURPHY; DEAN G. KILPATRICK; ANGELYNNE AMICK-McMULLAN; LOIS J. VERONEN; JANET PADUHOVICH; CONNIE L. BEST; LORENZ A. VILLEPONTEAUX; BENJAMIN E. SAUNDERS

1988-01-01

89

African American Children and Mental Health. Child Psychology and Mental Health  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This groundbreaking two-volume set examines the psychological, social, physical, and environmental factors that undermine or support healthy development in African American children while considering economic, historical, and public policies. African American children are at the highest risk for becoming school dropouts, for academic disengagement…

Hill, Nancy E., Ed.; Mann, Tammy L., Ed.; Fitzgerald, Hiram E., Ed.

2011-01-01

90

Diagnostic value of a psychological test in cases of suspected child abuse.  

PubMed Central

The use of the Bene-Anthony Family Relations Test is described and illustrated by three examples of child abuse. This test should be considered in the investigation of definite or suspected cases of abuse and as part of the preparation of court evidence.

Geddis, D C; Turner, I F; Eardley, J

1977-01-01

91

Conversations around Homework: Links to Parental Mental Health, Family Characteristics and Child Psychological Functioning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Parents are increasingly expected to supplement their children's school-based learning by providing support for children's homework. However, parents' capacities to provide such support may vary and may be limited by the experience of depression. This may have implications for child development. In the course of a prospective, longitudinal study…

Murray, Lynne; Woolgar, Matt; Martins, Carla; Christaki, Anna; Hipwell, Alison; Cooper, Peter

2006-01-01

92

Dysfunctional Cognitions and Adult Psychological Functioning in Child Sexual Abuse Survivors  

Microsoft Academic Search

Two studies explored the relationship between cognitions and long-term symptoms in adult child sexual abuse (CSA) survivors. In Study 1, an American sample of 43 survivors completed questionnaires assessing attributional style and dysfunctional beliefs in cognitive themes affected by victimization, as well as measures of posttraumatic symptoms. Survivors' attributions of negative events were more internal, stable, and global than those

Kerstin Wenninger; Anke Ehlers

1998-01-01

93

The measurement of psychological maltreatment: Early data on the child abuse and trauma scale  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes a self-report measure, the Child Abuse and Trauma Scale, which yields a quantitative index of the frequency and extent of various types of negative experiences in childhood and adolescence. Data on this measure are presented for two large samples of college students and for a small clinical sample of subjects with a diagnosis of Multiple Personality Disorder.

Barbara Sanders; Evvie Becker-Lausen

1995-01-01

94

Child Psychology: Parent Handbook. Mehlville School District ESEA Title III, PACE Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document is one of a series published by the Mehlville School District (St. Louis, Mo.) and used in their workshops for parents regarding family communications. It includes an explanation of Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs, a definition of characteristics of the family constellation, an examination of child development stages, a brief summary of…

Mehlville R-9 School District, St. Louis, MO.

95

Maltreatment by Parents and Peers: The Relationship between Child Abuse, Bully Victimization, and Psychological Distress  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this retrospective study, 210 college freshmen completed questionnaires assessing frequency of childhood emotional, physical, and sexual abuse; childhood bully victimization by peers; and current psychological distress. It was found that those who were bully victims experienced higher rates of emotional (M = 25.57 vs. 17.01) and physical maltreatment (M = 2.96 vs. 0.94) by parents and more childhood sexual

Renae D. Duncan

1999-01-01

96

Multimethod Assessment of Rapists, Child Molesters, and Three Control Groups on Behavioral and Psychological Measures  

Microsoft Academic Search

Child molesters, rapists, and three control groups were assessed on measures of heterosocial skills, social anxiety, hostility, impulsivity, and attitudinal variables. When possible, each variable was assessed with more than one assessment method. Subjects were observed interacting with a female confederate in a naturalistic interaction and in role-play scenes. Hostility, impulsivity, and attitudinal variables were assessed via paper-and-pencil measures. Overall,

James C. Overholser; Steven Beck

1986-01-01

97

Are Discrepancies Among Child, Mother, and Father Reports on Children's Behavior Related to Parents' Psychological Symptoms and Aspects of Parent–Child Relationships?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Examined whether parents' symptoms and qualitative and quantitative aspects of parent–child relationships make unique contributions to mothers' and fathers' reports of, and mother–child, father–child, and father–mother discrepancies on, children's behavior. Participants were 100 children, aged 10–12, and their mothers and fathers. Parents' symptoms and parent–child relationships made unique contributions to both parents' ratings of externalizing behavior. Although parent–child relationship variables

Christina M. Treutler; Catherine C. Epkins

2003-01-01

98

Neurobehaviour between birth and 40 weeks' gestation in infants born <30 weeks' gestation and parental psychological wellbeing: predictors of brain development and child outcomes  

PubMed Central

Background Infants born <30 weeks’ gestation are at increased risk of long term neurodevelopmental problems compared with term born peers. The predictive value of neurobehavioural examinations at term equivalent age in very preterm infants has been reported for subsequent impairment. Yet there is little knowledge surrounding earlier neurobehavioural development in preterm infants prior to term equivalent age, and how it relates to perinatal factors, cerebral structure, and later developmental outcomes. In addition, maternal psychological wellbeing has been associated with child development. Given the high rate of psychological distress reported by parents of preterm children, it is vital we understand maternal and paternal wellbeing in the early weeks and months after preterm birth and how this influences the parent–child relationship and children’s outcomes. Therefore this study aims to examine how 1) early neurobehaviour and 2) parental mental health relate to developmental outcomes for infants born preterm compared with infants born at term. Methods/Design This prospective cohort study will describe the neurobehaviour of 150 infants born at <30 weeks’ gestational age from birth to term equivalent age, and explore how early neurobehavioural deficits relate to brain growth or injury determined by magnetic resonance imaging, perinatal factors, parental mental health and later developmental outcomes measured using standardised assessment tools at term, one and two years’ corrected age. A control group of 150 healthy term-born infants will also be recruited for comparison of outcomes. To examine the effects of parental mental health on developmental outcomes, both parents of preterm and term-born infants will complete standardised questionnaires related to symptoms of anxiety, depression and post-traumatic stress at regular intervals from the first week of their child’s birth until their child’s second birthday. The parent–child relationship will be assessed at one and two years’ corrected age. Discussion Detailing the trajectory of infant neurobehaviour and parental psychological distress following very preterm birth is important not only to identify infants most at risk, further understand the parental experience and highlight potential times for intervention for the infant and/or parent, but also to gain insight into the effect this has on parent–child interaction and child development.

2014-01-01

99

Adaptation to the birth of a child with a congenital anomaly: A prospective longitudinal study of maternal well-being and psychological distress.  

PubMed

This study explores the stability and change in maternal life satisfaction and psychological distress following the birth of a child with a congenital anomaly using 5 assessments from the Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort Study collected from Pregnancy Week 17 to 36 months postpartum. Participating mothers were divided into those having infants with (a) Down syndrome (DS; n = 114), (b) cleft lip/palate (CLP; n = 179), and (c) no disability (ND; n = 99,122). Responses on the Satisfaction With Life Scale and a short version of the Hopkins Symptom Checklist were analyzed using structural equation modeling, including latent growth curves. Satisfaction and distress levels were highly diverse in the sample, but fairly stable over time (retest correlations: .47-.68). However, the birth of a child with DS was associated with a rapid decrease in maternal life satisfaction and a corresponding increase in psychological distress observed between pregnancy and 6 months postpartum. The unique effects from DS on changes in satisfaction (Cohen's d = -.66) and distress (Cohen's d = .60) remained stable. Higher distress and lower life satisfaction at later assessments appeared to reflect a persistent burden that was already experienced 6 months after birth. CLP had a temporary impact (Cohen's d = .29) on maternal distress at 6 months. However, the overall trajectories did not differ between CLP and ND mothers. In sum, the birth of a child with DS influences maternal psychological distress and life satisfaction throughout the toddler period, whereas a curable condition like CLP has only a minor temporary effect on maternal psychological distress. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2014 APA, all rights reserved). PMID:24588521

Nes, Ragnhild B; Røysamb, Espen; Hauge, Lars J; Kornstad, Tom; Landolt, Markus A; Irgens, Lorentz M; Eskedal, Leif; Kristensen, Petter; Vollrath, Margarete E

2014-06-01

100

Utilization of the Child and Adolescent Functional Assessment Scale (CAFAS) for Assessing Program and Clinical Outcomes. Symposium.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Child and Adolescent Functional Assessment Scale (CAFAS) provides information on psychological impairment, including a score for the child's overall functioning as well as scale scores for eight psychosocial areas: school, work, home, community relationships, moods, self-harmful behavior, substance use, and abnormal thinking. This symposium…

Hodges, Kay; Landsverk, John; Heflinger, Craig Anne; Simpkins, Celeste G.; Daniels, La Vonne; Clements, Lisa

101

Influence of Biological, Social and Psychological Factors on Abnormal Eating Attitudes among Female University Students in Brazil  

PubMed Central

The objective of the study was to estimate abnormal eating attitudes influenced by associated factors among female students of the Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, Florianópolis, southern Brazil. Abnormal eating attitudes were investigated using the eating attitudes test (EAT-26), according to the presence (EAT+) and absence (EAT-) of symptoms in a sample of 220 students. The body-image was assessed by the body-shape questionnaire (BSQ-34). Body mass index, body-fat percentage, waist-circumference, food intake (24-hour food recall), and socioeconomic characteristics (monthly household income, monthly per-capita income, and parental schooling) were also investigated. Statistical associations were tested by multivariate Poisson regression analysis. The prevalence of EAT+ and dissatisfaction with the body-image were 8.3% [confidence interval (CI) 95% 4.6–12.0] and 20.0% (CI 95% 14.7–25.3) respectively. Dissatisfaction with the body-image maintained its independent association with abnormal eating attitudes, indicating symptoms of anorexia nervosa. The results of this work highlight the importance of the planning of nutrition-education programmes in universities, aiming at assisting in the choices of food that comprise a healthful diet in a period of life of so many changes and decisions.

da Cunha Feio Costa, Larissa; Peres, Karen Glazer

2010-01-01

102

Are discrepancies among child, mother, and father reports on children's behavior related to parents' psychological symptoms and aspects of parent-child relationships?  

PubMed

Examined whether parents' symptoms and qualitative and quantitative aspects of parent-child relationships make unique contributions to mothers' and fathers' reports of, and mother-child, father-child, and father-mother discrepancies on, children's behavior. Participants were 100 children, aged 10-12, and their mothers and fathers. Parents' symptoms and parent-child relationships made unique contributions to both parents' ratings of externalizing behavior. Although parent-child relationship variables were related to both parents' ratings of internalizing behavior, only parents' symptoms made unique contributions. On mother-child and father-child discrepancies, differences emerged between mother and father, and internalizing and externalizing behaviors. Both fathers' and mothers' symptoms contributed to father-mother discrepancies on both behavior types, with parent-child relationships contributing unique variance to discrepancies on internalizing behavior. Results highlight the importance of each informant's symptoms and relationship variables in understanding informant discrepancies. PMID:12597696

Treutler, Christina M; Epkins, Catherine C

2003-02-01

103

The role of magnetic resonance imaging in the investigation of spinal dysraphism in the child with lower limb abnormality.  

PubMed

A review of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) performed to exclude the presence of spinal dysraphism in children presenting with lower limb pathology is unrewarding in the absence of abnormal neurology. Over a 5-year period, 29 children ages 2 weeks to 15 years with a mean age of 6 years presenting with lower limb abnormalities were referred for MRI of the spine to exclude an occult neurologic cause for the deformities. More than one limb abnormality, for example pes cavus and limb length discrepancy, was present in 93% of the children, and 11 children had severe or recurrent talipes equinovarus deformity. Only two children (7%), both of whom had abnormal limb neurology, had abnormal MRI scans. In the absence of a demonstrable neurologic deficit in the lower limb, there appears to be no advantage in requesting MRI of the spine in children presenting with lower limb abnormality. PMID:9597591

Ward, P J; Clarke, N M; Fairhurst, J J

1998-04-01

104

Discovery of previously undetected intellectual disability by psychological assessment: A study of consecutively referred child and adolescent psychiatric inpatients.  

PubMed

Intellectual disability is associated with an increased risk of behavioral disturbances and also complicates their treatment. Despite increases in the sophistication of medical detection of early risk for intellectual disability, there is remarkably little data about the detection of intellectual disability in cases referred for psychiatric treatment. In this study, we used a 10-year sample of 23,629 consecutive child and adolescent admissions (ages between 6 and 17) to inpatient psychiatric treatment. Eleven percent (n=2621) of these cases were referred for psychological assessment and were examined with a general measure of intellectual functioning (i.e., WISC-IV). Of these cases, 16% had Full Scale IQs below 70. Of the cases whose therapists then referred them for formal assessment of their adaptive functioning (i.e., ABAS-II) 81% were found to have composite scores below 70 as well. Only one of the cases whose Full Scale IQ was less than 70 had a referral diagnosis of intellectual disability. Cases with previously undetected intellectual disability were found to be significantly more likely to have a diagnosis of a psychotic disorder and less likely to have a diagnosis of mood disorder than cases with IQs over 70. Disruptive behavior disorder diagnoses did not differ as a function of intellectual performance. These data suggest a high rate of undetected intellectual disability in cases with a psychiatric condition serious enough to require hospitalization and this raises the possibility that many such cases may be misdiagnosed, the basis of their problems may be misconceptualized, and they may be receiving treatments that do not take into account their intellectual level. PMID:24679700

Pogge, David L; Stokes, John; Buccolo, Martin L; Pappalardo, Stephen; Harvey, Philip D

2014-07-01

105

An Approach to Assessing "Accountability" in Implementing the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child: Implications for School Psychology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Together, the UN Convention on Rights of the Child and the USA's National Association of School Psychologists' (NASP) Principles for Professional Ethics (2010a) serve as aspirational documents that place a child's right to healthy development as the ultimate priority, regardless of the child's circumstances. This article…

Garbarino, James; Briggs, Alissa

2014-01-01

106

An investigation of the clinical use of the house-tree-person projective drawings in the psychological evaluation of child sexual abuse.  

PubMed

Identification and evaluation of child sexual abuse is an integral task for clinicians. To aid these processes, it is necessary to have reliable and valid psychological measures. This is an investigation of the clinical validity and use of the House-Tree-Person (HTP) projective drawing, a widely used diagnostic tool, in the assessment of child sexual abuse. HTP drawings were collected archivally from a sample of sexually abused children (n = 47) and a nonabused comparison sample (n = 82). The two samples were grossly matched for gender, ethnicity, age, and socioeconomic status. The protocols were scored using a quantitative scoring system. The data were analyzed using a discriminant function analysis. Group membership could not be predicted based on a total HTP score. PMID:11232089

Palmer, L; Farrar, A R; Valle, M; Ghahary, N; Panella, M; DeGraw, D

2000-05-01

107

The Psychological Maltreatment Rating Scales.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Psychological Maltreatment Rating Scales (PMRS) were developed for assessing psychological maltreatment in the mother-child interaction, and were used to rate the videotaped interaction of 49 high-risk mother-child dyads and predict child protective service involvements. The PMRS was found to be a moderately reliable and valid measure.…

Brassard, Marla R.; And Others

1993-01-01

108

Parents’ perceptions of their child’s resilience and competencies  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined parental views of their child’s educability through the parents’ perceptions of their child’s resilience.\\u000a The purposes of the study were: (1) to examine psychometric properties of the rating scale created to measure parental views\\u000a of their child’s educational and psychological resilience, (2) to explore whether the parents’ views of the child’s resilience\\u000a were related to their notions

Riitta Kärkkäinen; Hannu Räty; Kati Kasanen

2009-01-01

109

An Empirical Investigation into the Intellectual, Physical, Psychological, and Social Consequences of Being Reared an Only Child.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This research was concerned with differentials in characteristics of children coming from families of varying sizes with special attention to the only child. Since most of the parents tend to believe that only children are handicapped in their development...

J. T. Doby M. L. Levin S. Mitra S. Banerjee J. A. Mercy

1980-01-01

110

Parent–child conflict and psychological maladjustment: A mediational analysis with reciprocal filial belief and perceived threat  

Microsoft Academic Search

Empirical research has shown that parent–child conflict is positively related to poor adjustment in adolescents; however, the underlying processes have not been adequately examined. To explore the possible mediating pathways, reciprocal filial belief and perceived threat were chosen to represent two likely mechanisms accounting for how parent–child conflict harms adolescents' perceptions of their relationship with their parents and their self-perceptions

Kuang-Hui Yeh; Wei-Chun Tsao; Wei-Wen Chen

2010-01-01

111

[Are mothers of children with neurodermatitis psychologically conspicuous? Critique and replication of a study of the "psychosomatic aspects of the parent-child relationship in pediatric atopic eczema"].  

PubMed

A study concerning some "psychosomatic aspects of the parent-child relationship and atopic eczema in childhood" was published in this journal in 1986 [8]. The authors concluded that mothers of children suffering from atopic eczema "were shown to be less 'spontaneous', more 'under control' and less 'emotional' than the normal population." They showed "characteristic features indicating difficulties in emotional relationships with their children." These conclusions were based on the answers of 14 mothers to a popular German personality questionnaire (Freiburger Persönlichkeitsinventar, FPI). We analyzed the investigation cited, judged it to be unsatisfactory and attempted to duplicate the study. Two parallel samples of mothers with healthy and ill children (n = 50 and n = 47) were tested with the same questionnaire. The previous results could not be verified. Therefore, we reject the interpretation that mothers of children suffering from atopic eczema have unique psychological characteristics. PMID:7591765

Langfeldt, H P

1995-09-01

112

Intervention-Based School Psychology Services: Training for Child-Level Accountability; Preparing for Program-Level Accountability  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research evaluated the outcomes of a school psychology training practicum by replicating intervention-based service delivery procedures established in prior research. The key components include describing a service delivery model, teaching the model, deriving practice guidelines that fit the model, supporting trainees in carrying out the…

Bonner, Mike; Barnett, David W.

2004-01-01

113

American Indian and Alaska Native Children and Mental Health: Development, Context, Prevention, and Treatment. Child Psychology and Mental Health  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This unique book examines the physical, psychological, social, and environmental factors that support or undermine healthy development in American Indian children, including economics, biology, and public policies. American Indian and Alaska Native youth suffer disproportionately higher rates of trauma, substance abuse, and youth suicide. At the…

Sarche, Michelle C., Ed.; Spicer, Paul, Ed.; Farrell, Patricia, Ed.; Fitzgerald, Hiram E., Ed.

2011-01-01

114

Forensic Psychology.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Contents: Introduction to forensic psychology; Psychological structure of the administration of justice; The methods of forensic psychology; Psychological fundamentals of preliminary investigation; Psychological fundamentals of court proceedings; Psycholo...

A. V. Dulov

1976-01-01

115

When Diagnosis Is Uncertain: Variation in Conclusions after Psychological Assessment of a Six-Year-Old Child  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A six-year-old child was independently assessed by three licensed educational (school) psychologists and one interdisciplinary team in the UK. All but one of these practitioners believed their assessment to be the first. The aim was to compare the practice of assessors and their conclusions especially in diagnostic categorisation. The methods of…

Russell, Ginny; Norwich, Brahm; Gwernan-Jones, Ruth

2012-01-01

116

The Science and Psychology of Infant-Toddler Care: How an Understanding of Early Learning Has Transformed Child Care  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Recent research on how infants and toddlers grow and learn has provided new evidence for creating child care practices that support healthy development. The author describes 6 program practices drawn from this research. The article discusses practices that support secure attachments, identity formation, family practices, attention to developmental…

Lally, J. Ronald

2009-01-01

117

MITOS EN TORNO A LA EVALUACIÓN PSICOLÓGICA FORENSE EN CASOS DE AGRESIÓN SEXUAL CONTRA MENORES DE EDAD: LA NECESIDAD DE UN CAMBIO DE PARADIGMA (Myths concerning forensic psychological assessment in child sexual aggression cases: The need of a change of paradigm)  

Microsoft Academic Search

SUMMARY This article discusses several myths concerning forensic psychological assessment in child sexual aggression cases. Some descriptive results are presented in terms of different variables associated with this kind of evaluations at the \\

REVISTA MEDICINA; Carlos Saborío Valverde

118

Abnormal Oral Sensory Perception in Patients with a History of Anorexia nervosa and the Relationship between Physiological and Psychological Improvement in this Disease  

Microsoft Academic Search

14 patients with a history of anorexia nervosa (AN) (mean duration 7.1 years) were divided into two groups according to whether they were still amenorrheic (group I, n = 6) at a significantly lower body weight or at normal stable weight with eumenorrhea (group II, n = 8); 26 age-matched students served as the control group. Psychological testing included the

E. M. Berry; Sima Fried; E. L. Edelstein

1995-01-01

119

Parent-child conflict and psychological maladjustment: a mediational analysis with reciprocal filial belief and perceived threat.  

PubMed

Empirical research has shown that parent-child conflict is positively related to poor adjustment in adolescents; however, the underlying processes have not been adequately examined. To explore the possible mediating pathways, reciprocal filial belief and perceived threat were chosen to represent two likely mechanisms accounting for how parent-child conflict harms adolescents' perceptions of their relationship with their parents and their self-perceptions within their cognitive-appraisal framework. The former operates by attenuating children's affection towards their parents and the latter by lowering their self-perceptions. This study also distinguishes internalizing from externalizing problems in order to examine whether lower reciprocal filial belief more strongly mediates the relation between conflict with parents and adolescents' externalizing problems and whether perceived threat more strongly mediates the relation between conflict with parents and adolescents' internalizing problems. Hypotheses are as follows: (1) the more parent-child conflict adolescents report, the less reciprocal filial belief they recognize, which, in turn, leads to more maladjustments, especially externalizing ones; (2) the more parent-child conflicts adolescents report, the more threat they perceive, which, in turn, leads to more maladjustments, especially internalizing ones. Participants consisted of 603 Taiwanese adolescents (226 males and 377 females) aged 15 to 19 (average age = 16.95; SD = 0.78). Structural equation modelling analyses confirmed the hypotheses. However, the three direct effects of conflict on internalizing problems, aggression, and deviant behaviour were still significant. In addition, a greater effect of the paternal than the maternal role on the link between conflict and attenuated reciprocal filial belief, and between perceived threat and internalizing problems, was identified. Implications for understanding the mediation processes responsible for all indirect effects, even the subsidiary ones, and the greater impact of conflict with the father than with the mother are discussed. Limitations of the study and considerations for future research are also addressed. La recherche empirique a indiqué que le conflit parent-enfant est positivement lié à une faible adaptation chez les adolescents; cependant, les processus sous-jacents n'ont pas été adéquatement examinés. Pour explorer les trajectoires de médiation possibles, la croyance filiale réciproque et la menace perçue ont été sélectionnées afin de représenter deux méchanismes plausiblement responsables de comment le conflit parent-enfant nuit aux peceptions des adolescents de leur relation avec les parents ainsi que de leurs auto-perceptions dans le cadre de leur évaluation cognitive. Le premier fonctionne en atténuant l'affection des enfants envers leurs parents et le dernier fonctionne en diminuant leurs auto-perceptions. Cette étude distingue aussi les problèmes internalisés de ceux qui sont externalisés dans le but d'examiner si la plus faible croyance de filiation réciproque médie fortement la relation entre le conflit avec les parents et les problèmes externalisés des adolescents et si la menace perçue médie plus fortement la relation entre le conflit avec les parents et les problèmes internalisés des adolescents. Les hypothèses sont les suivantes: (1) plus il y a de conflit parent-enfant rapporté par les adolescents, moins il y aura de croyance filiale réciproque reconnue par les adolescents qui, en revanche, mènera à plus de mésadaptation surtout externalisée. L'échantillon incluait 603 participants (226 mâles et 377 femelles) âgés entre 15 et 19 ans (âge moyen = 16.95; SD = 0.78). Une analyse de modélisation par équation structurelle a confirmé les hypotheses. Cependant, les trois effets directs du conflit sur les problèmes internalisés, sur l'agression et sur le comportement déviant étaient toujours significatifs. De plus, nous avons observé un plus grand effet du rôle paternel plus que maternel sur le lien en

Yeh, Kuang-Hui; Tsao, Wei-Chun; Chen, Wei-Wen

2010-04-01

120

A Psychodynamic Child Rating Scale.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research showing psychodynamic child therapy to be less effective than other forms of child treatment have used outcome measures focusing on symptomatic and behavioral change rather than on psychodynamic processes. A child therapy assessment procedure than measures the psychological functioning of the child in a psychodynamically meaningful way is…

Szapocznik, Jose; And Others

121

Abnormality, rationality, and sanity.  

PubMed

A growing body of studies suggests that neurological and mental abnormalities foster conformity to norms of rationality that are widely endorsed in economics and psychology, whereas normality stands in the way of rationality thus defined. Here, we outline the main findings of these studies, discuss their implications for experimental design, and consider how 'sane' some benchmarks of rationality really are. PMID:24055170

Hertwig, Ralph; Volz, Kirsten G

2013-11-01

122

The American child and other cultural inventions  

Microsoft Academic Search

Child psychologists, over the last century, have chased the notion of a fixed psychological form for the child that underlies all the variety of children. The proposal is made here that the variety is essential and eternal; child psychology, like the nature of childhood itself, is a cultural invention––the product of historical, political, economic, and ideological biases that make the

William Kessen

1979-01-01

123

Elementary psychology for eighth graders?  

Microsoft Academic Search

An elementary psychology course was offered at Amherst Central High School in Snyder, New York in 1954. Teaching methods included lectures, discussions and oral reports. The major topics studied included heredity and environment, personality types, frustrations and how to deal with them, the psychology of advertising, extrasensory perception, telepathy, parent-child relations, boy-girl relations, and family problems and how to solve

Joseph B. Patti

1956-01-01

124

New developments in forensic psychology  

Microsoft Academic Search

Briefly introduces the concept of forensic psychology, looking at areas such as stalking behaviour, self-mutilation, and execution competency. Suggests that the forensic psychiatrist needs to remain up to date with recent sexual harassment legislation, the use of neuropsychological testing and the assessment of child abuse. Covers other subjects including hate crime on the Internet, and psychological autopsy. Concludes that to

Suzanne David; Brian H. Kleiner

2001-01-01

125

Parental Psychological and Emotional Abuse.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Psychological abuse hits a child from many different sources. It is also the most difficult to counter. The counselor is in a delicate position when faced with the child she/he knows is being harmed by his parents. These students need help. (Author/BEF)

Morris, Joan

1979-01-01

126

The Impact of Emotional Abuse on Psychological Distress among Child Protective Services-Involved Adolescents with Borderline-to-Mild Intellectual Disability  

Microsoft Academic Search

Childhood maltreatment is a robust contributing factor to mental health problems in adolescents. The current study examines the impact of childhood emotional abuse on adolescent psychological distress in 48 youths with borderline-to-mild intellectual disability, as compared to 117 peers with average intellectual functioning. Both emotional abuse and intellectual functioning predicted the severity of youth psychological distress. Childhood emotional abuse has

Jonathan A. Weiss; Randall Waechter; Christine Wekerle

2011-01-01

127

Relationships with Children: Explaining Parents' Psychological Well-Being.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Explored child-parent relationships and parents' (N-1,502) psychological well-being through analysis of structural and demographic correlates of parent-child relationship quality and child-rearing demands and through implications of relational quality and demands for parents' psychological well-being. Found age and divorce status strongest…

Umberson, Debra

1989-01-01

128

The "Test-Tube" Generation: Parent-Child Relationships and the Psychological Well-Being of In Vitro Fertilization Children at Adolescence.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Compared parent-child relationships and early adolescent well-being in families with children conceived by in vitro fertilization (IVF), adoptive families, and families with a naturally conceived child. Found that IVF children were functioning well and did not differ from other children in social or emotional adjustment. (Author/KB)

Golombok, Susan; MacCallum, Fiona; Goodman, Emma

2001-01-01

129

Expanding the spectrum of phenotypes associated with germline PIGA mutations: a child with developmental delay, accelerated linear growth, facial dysmorphisms, elevated alkaline phosphatase, and progressive CNS abnormalities.  

PubMed

Phosphatidyl inositol glycan (PIG) enzyme subclasses are involved in distinct steps of glycosyl phosphatidyl inositol anchor protein biosynthesis. Glycolsyl phosphatidyl inositol-anchored proteins have heterogeneous functions; they can function as enzymes, adhesion molecules, complement regulators and co-receptors in signal transduction pathways. Germline mutations in genes encoding different members of the PIG family result in diverse conditions with (severe) developmental delay, (neonatal) seizures, hypotonia, CNS abnormalities, growth abnormalities, and congenital abnormalities as hallmark features. The variability of clinical features resembles the typical diversity of other glycosylation pathway deficiencies such as the congenital disorders of glycosylation. Here, we report the first germline missense mutation in the PIGA gene associated with accelerated linear growth, obesity, central hypotonia, severe refractory epilepsy, cardiac anomalies, mild facial dysmorphic features, mildly elevated alkaline phosphatase levels, and CNS anomalies consisting of progressive cerebral atrophy, insufficient myelinization, and cortical MRI signal abnormalities. X-exome sequencing in the proband identified a c.278C>T (p.Pro93Leu) mutation in the PIGA gene. The mother and maternal grandmother were unaffected carriers and the mother showed 100% skewing of the X-chromosome harboring the mutation. These results together with the clinical similarity of the patient reported here and the previously reported patients with a germline nonsense mutation in PIGA support the determination that this mutation caused the phenotype in this family. PMID:24259184

van der Crabben, Saskia N; Harakalova, Magdalena; Brilstra, Eva H; van Berkestijn, Frédérique M C; Hofstede, Floris C; van Vught, Adrianus J; Cuppen, Edwin; Kloosterman, Wigard; Ploos van Amstel, Hans Kristian; van Haaften, Gijs; van Haelst, Mieke M

2014-01-01

130

Not All Bad Treatment Is Psychological Maltreatment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One of the conceptual and definitional issues that has plagued the study of child maltreatment is the relationship between intention and outcome. This paper flows from the finding that the common developmentally destructive element in all forms of child maltreatment is psychological maltreatment, that the study of child abuse and neglect is the…

Garbarino, James

2011-01-01

131

Walking abnormalities  

MedlinePLUS

Gait abnormalities ... of how a person walks is called the gait. Different types of walking problems occur without a ... Some walking abnormalities have been given names: Propulsive gait -- a stooped, stiff posture with the head and ...

132

Psychological well-being in mid to late life: The role of generativity development and parent–child relationships across the lifespan  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined the association between generativity and psychological well-being for a subsample of 1882 mid- to late-life parents using the MIDUS data set. Guided by Erikson's theory of psychosocial development, we tested a structural model of psychological well-being that also included direct and indirect effects (via generativity) of remembered pre-adult relationships with parents and current parental experiences with offspring

Jeong Shin An; Teresa M. Cooney

2006-01-01

133

Biphasic thallium 201 SPECT-imaging for the noninvasive diagnosis of myocardial perfusion abnormalities in a child with Kawasaki disease--a case report  

SciTech Connect

The mucocutaneous lymph node syndrome (Kawasaki disease) is of increasing importance for the pediatric cardiologist, for coronary aneurysms with the potential of thrombosis and subsequent stenosis can develop in the course of the disease. The authors report a 2 1/2-year-old female child in whom, fourteen months after the acute phase of Kawasaki disease, myocardial infarction occurred. Biphasic thallium 201 SPECT-imaging using dipyridamole depicted anterior wall ischemia and inferolateral infarction. This case demonstrates that noninvasive vasodilation-redistribution thallium 201 SPECT-imaging has the potential to predict reversible myocardial perfusion defects and myocardial necrosis, even in small infants with Kawasaki disease.

Hausdorf, G.; Nienaber, C.A.; Spielman, R.P.

1988-02-01

134

THE SUCCESSFUL URBAN SLUM CHILD--A PSYCHOLOGICAL STUDY OF PERSONALITY AND ACADEMIC SUCCESS IN DEPRIVED CHILDREN. PROGRESS REPORT AND PROSPECTUS.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

RELATIVELY SUCCESSFUL ELEMENTARY SCHOOL PUPILS FROM LOW INCOME HOUSEHOLDS IN DEPRESSED NEIGHBORHOODS OF THE URBAN NORTH WERE COMPARED WITH RELATIVELY AVERAGE AND FAILING PUPILS FROM IDENTICAL SETTINGS. NO ATTEMPT WAS MADE TO ILLUMINATE THE INTERPLAY OF PSYCHOLOGICAL, FAMILIAL, ENVIRONMENTAL, SOCIOLOGICAL, AND ECONOMIC FACTORS IN THE EDUCATION OF…

MACKLER, BERNARD

135

Characteristics of Child Sexual Abuse Cases Referred for Psychological Services in Hong Kong: A Comparison between Multiple Incident versus Single Incident Cases  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined 58 sexually abused children referred for clinical psychological services in 1999 in Hong Kong and compared the characteristics and disclosure patterns between those with multiple incidents of abuse and those with single incident. The former group was more likely to have been abused by a family member, took a longer time to…

Ma, Ellen Yee-man; Yau, Delphine Cheuk-wai; Ng, Wun-wai; Tong, Sau-lan

2004-01-01

136

Child Maltreatment: An Ecological Integration.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Draws from works by Bronfenbrenner, Tinbergen, and Burgess to conceptualize child maltreatment as a social-psychological phenomenon that is multiply determined by individual, family, community, and cultural forces. (Author/GC)

Belsky, Jay

1980-01-01

137

Psychotherapeutics and the Problematic Origins of Clinical Psychology in America  

Microsoft Academic Search

The problematic place of psychotherapy within the larger history of scientific psychology is reviewed, especially in the absence of any definitive history of clinical psychology yet written. Although standard histories of psychology imply that psychotherapy was somehow derived from the tradition of German laboratory science, modern historiography reveals a dramatically different story. Personality, abnormal, social, and clinical psychology have their

Eugene Taylor

2000-01-01

138

Science and Child Custody Evaluations: What Qualifies as “Scientific”?  

Microsoft Academic Search

In response to statements that child custody evaluations violate the accepted definition of science in psychology and are therefore unethical in their current form, the evolving definition of science in psychology and the position of the American Psychological Association on evidence-based practice are reviewed. This literature supports those in the child custody evaluation literature who advocate the use of disciplined

Bram Fridhandler

2008-01-01

139

What Science Is Telling Us: How Neurobiology and Developmental Psychology Are Changing the Way Policymakers and Communities Think about the Developing Child. Perspectives  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

By bringing together neurologists, developmental psychologists, pediatricians, and economists, the National Scientific Council on the Developing Child offers a unique knowledge base from which early childhood policy and practice can be informed. By communicating how and why early experiences have a lasting impact on brain architecture--and what…

Friedman, Dorian

2006-01-01

140

Psychological characteristics, stressful life events and deliberate self-harm: findings from the Child & Adolescent Self-harm in Europe (CASE) Study.  

PubMed

There is evidence to suggest that both psychological characteristics and stressful life events are contributory factors in deliberate self-harm among young people. These links, and the possibility of a dose-response relationship between self-harm and both psychological health and life events, were investigated in the context of a seven-country school-based study. Over 30,000, mainly 15 and 16 year olds, completed anonymous questionnaires at secondary schools in Belgium, England, Hungary, Ireland, the Netherlands, Norway and Australia. Pupils were asked to report on thoughts and episodes of self-harm, complete scales on depression and anxiety symptoms, impulsivity and self-esteem and indicate stressful events in their lives. Level and frequency of self-harm was judged according to whether they had thought about harming themselves or reported single or multiple self-harm episodes. Multinomial logistic regression assessed the extent to which psychological characteristics and stressful life events distinguished between adolescents with different self-harm histories. Increased severity of self-harm history was associated with greater depression, anxiety and impulsivity and lower self-esteem and an increased prevalence of all ten life event categories. Female gender, higher impulsivity and experiencing the suicide or self-harm of others, physical or sexual abuse and worries about sexual orientation independently differentiated single-episode self-harmers from adolescents with self-harm thoughts only. Female gender, higher depression, lower self-esteem, experiencing the suicide or self-harm of others, and trouble with the police independently distinguished multiple- from single-episode self-harmers. The findings reinforce the importance of psychological characteristics and stressful life events in adolescent self-harm but nonetheless suggest that some factors are more likely than others to be implicated. PMID:21847620

Madge, Nicola; Hawton, Keith; McMahon, Elaine M; Corcoran, Paul; De Leo, Diego; de Wilde, Erik Jan; Fekete, Sandor; van Heeringen, Kees; Ystgaard, Mette; Arensman, Ella

2011-10-01

141

Psychological and social consequences of losing a child in a natural or human-made disaster: a review of the evidence.  

PubMed

Exposure to natural and human-made disasters is associated with long-term health consequences, including for mental health. Parents who have lost children, particularly their only children, in any circumstances are also at increased risk of developing mental health problems. The aim of this study was to review the available evidence about the psychological and social consequences for parents who had faced these circumstances simultaneously through losing children in a disaster. Systematic searching of the English and Chinese language literatures about the psychological and social functioning of bereaved parents after disasters revealed that a small number of studies met inclusion criteria. The results showed that bereaved parents had more mental health problems than bereaved spouses and non-bereaved parents, and mothers appeared to be more vulnerable to mental health problems than fathers. Potential protective factors for bereaved parents' mental health included having psychological interventions, having adequate social support, seeing their children's bodies and having a subsequent baby. Although the literature was modest and methodologically diverse, there was a consistent finding that parents who have lost children in disasters were at high risk of suffering mental health problems, especially bereaved mothers. As there was little evidence, further studies are needed to understand the best advice and interventions to offer bereaved parents and provide enhanced mental health care of such bereaved populations after disasters. PMID:23857912

Xu, Yao; Herrman, Helen; Tsutsumi, Atsuro; Fisher, Jane

2013-12-01

142

What Are Good Child Outcomes?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper considers the question "What are good child outcomes?" from the perspectives of developmental psychology, economics, and sociology. Section 1 of the paper examines good child outcomes as characteristics of stage-salient tasks of development. Section 2 emphasizes the acquisition of "human capital," the development of productive traits…

Moore, Kristin Anderson; Evans, V. Jeffery; Brooks-Gunn, Jeanne; Roth, Jodie

143

Forensic Psychology  

Microsoft Academic Search

Citation: Brigham, J., & Grisso, T. (2003). Forensic Psychology. In D.K. Friedheim & I.B. Weiner (eds.), Comprehensive handbook of psychology. Vol. 1: The history of psychology, (pp. 391-411). New York: John Wiley and Sons. ISBN 0471383201, 9780471383208.\\u000aLimited preview available via Google Books.

John C. Brigham; Thomas Grisso

2003-01-01

144

Psychological facts and psychological theory  

Microsoft Academic Search

Psychological facts and their place in psychological theory are described. The future of facts and theory in the development of psychology as a science is discussed. Theory must be produced, amended, and used continuously to guide the collection of fact. The rules of science must be observed.

E. R. Guthrie

1946-01-01

145

Economic Pressure and Children's Psychological Functioning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We examined the mediating role of family dynamics (marital quality, parental depression) in the link between economic pressure and child psychological functioning using the data from the National Survey of Family and Households (NSFH). From the initial multiethnic probability sample, we used a subsample of 2998 parents with a focal child 5 to 17…

Robila, Mihaela; Krishnakumar, Ambika

2006-01-01

146

Promoting Writing among Psychology Students and Faculty: An Interview with Dana S. Dunn  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Perilou Goddard is a professor of psychology at Northern Kentucky University (NKU), where she teaches introductory and abnormal psychology as well as courses in writing in psychology and drug policy. She was chosen as NKU's outstanding professor in 1999. Dana S. Dunn is a professor of psychology and former chair of the Department of Psychology at…

Goddard, Perilou

2002-01-01

147

Child Psychopathology, Second Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This text integrates state-of-the-art theory and empirical research on a wide range of child and adolescent disorders. Featuring contributions from leading scholars and clinicians, the volume provides comprehensive coverage of the biological, psychological, and social-contextual determinants of childhood problems. Each chapter focuses on a…

Mash, Eric J.; Barkley, Russell A.

148

Causal Inference and Developmental Psychology  

Microsoft Academic Search

Causal inference is of central importance to developmental psychology. Many key questions in the field revolve around improving the lives of children and their families. These include identifying risk factors that if manipulated in some way would foster child development. Such a task inherently involves causal inference: One wants to know whether the risk factor actually causes outcomes. Random assignment

E. Michael Foster

2010-01-01

149

Treatment of Neurosensory Disorders Improves Psychological Well-Being in Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Psychological well-being is the ultimate "quality of life" measure. The presence of a neurosensory disorder (NSD) in a child, such as ADD, ADHD, Asperger's syndrome, or autism, can rob the child of psychological well-being, or hamper the growth of well-being as the child develops. Fortunately, treatment of NSDs can remove obstacles to the…

Bohlander, Robert

2009-01-01

150

Psychology of Military Groups.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Contents: Ideology and social psychology: The subject of social psychology; Interdependence of ideology and social psychology; Class and national features of social psychology; Basic elements of social psychology. Study of the psychology of a military gro...

A. Campbell E. Fortunatov

1968-01-01

151

[Political psychology].  

PubMed

In Hungary one can mostly find references to the psychological processes of politics in the writings of publicists, public opinion pollsters, philosophers, social psychologists, and political analysts. It would be still important if not only legal scientists focusing on political institutions or sociologist-politologists concentrating on social structures could analyse the psychological aspects of political processes; but one could also do so through the application of the methods of political psychology. The authors review the history of political psychology, its position vis-à-vis other fields of science and the essential interfaces through which this field of science, which is still to be discovered in Hungary, connects to other social sciences. As far as its methodology comprising psycho-biographical analyses, questionnaire-based queries, cognitive mapping of interviews and statements are concerned, it is identical with the psychiatric tools of medical sciences. In the next part of this paper, the focus is shifted to the essence and contents of political psychology. Group dynamics properties, voters' attitudes, leaders' personalities and the behavioural patterns demonstrated by them in different political situations, authoritativeness, games, and charisma are all essential components of political psychology, which mostly analyses psychological-psychiatric processes and also involves medical sciences by relying on cognitive and behavioural sciences. This paper describes political psychology, which is basically part of social sciences, still, being an interdisciplinary science, has several ties to medical sciences through psychological and psychiatric aspects. PMID:23587541

Resch, Mária; Bella, Tamás

2013-04-21

152

Educational Psychology Working to Improve Psychological Well-Being: An Example  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents one English local authority's educational psychology service's approach to supporting children and young people's psychological well-being. Evidence for the effectiveness of the therapeutic approaches adopted by one intervention (the Child Behaviour Intervention Initiative [CBII]) is presented. The statistical analysis…

Dawson, Joe; Singh-Dhesi, Davinder

2010-01-01

153

The Mushroom Curriculum: Using Natural History to Teach Psychology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the development and content of a freshman seminar titled "The Psychology of Mushrooms," which teaches psychology as natural history. This approach allowed the course to proceed from concrete experience to general principals of perception, learning, social, and abnormal psychology. (Author/LS)

Sommer, Robert

1989-01-01

154

Rehabilitation of severely mutilated teeth under general anesthesia in an emotionally immature child.  

PubMed

Dental caries is the single most common chronic childhood disease. In rampant caries, there is early pulp involvement and gross destruction of the maxillary anterior teeth as well as posterior teeth. This leads to decreased masticatory efficiency, difficulty in speech, compromised esthetics, development of abnormal tongue habits and subsequent malocclusion and psychological problems. The restoration of severely decayed primary incisors is often a procedure that presents a special challenge to dentists, particularly in an uncooperative child. This case report documents the restoration of severely mutilated deciduous teeth in an emotionally immature patient under general anesthesia. PMID:20215672

Navit, S; Katiyar, A; Samadi, F; Jaiswal, J N

2010-01-01

155

Notes on articles in educational psychology in current issues of other magazines  

Microsoft Academic Search

Provides notes on articles in educational psychology in current issues of other magazines. Article topics include intelligence testing, measurement of achievement, psychology of learning and school subjects, statistical methods, child psychology, educational psychology, administration and supervision, educational and vocational guidance, study habits and methods, educational sociology, and miscellaneous.

James E. Mendenhall

1929-01-01

156

Child Abuse in the Name of Discipline.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The author discusses the connection between corporal punishment and child abuse; analyzes the difference between discipline and abuse; and asserts that there are sociological, psychological, and biological characteristics typical of promoters of corporal punishment. (CL)

Fontana, Vincent J.

157

Conflict in families and the psychological adjustment of preadolescent children  

Microsoft Academic Search

We examined the cross-sectional association between conflict in families and child psychological adjustment in 72 4th-5th graders. Multiple informants (parents, children, and teachers) assessed conflict and anger in the social climate of the home, marital discord, negative emotional tone in the parent-child relationship, and child adjustment. As predicted, child adjustment was more strongly related to family conflict than to marital

Lisa H. Jaycox; Rena L. Repetti

1993-01-01

158

The HIV-infected child: parental responses and psychosocial implications.  

PubMed

Four dimensions of psychological adaptation of 101 parents of HIV-infected children were examined. Heightened anxiety, depression, and anticipatory grief were associated with child's age at diagnosis, parent's HIV status, and parent's relationship to the child. Parents at higher risk for psychological distress were identified, and an optimum time point for intervention is suggested. PMID:7977671

Wiener, L; Theut, S; Steinberg, S M; Riekert, K A; Pizzo, P A

1994-07-01

159

Social worker trauma: Building resilience in child protection social workers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Child protection social workers can experience psychological trauma effects as a result of their work. This article considers the utility of the trauma perspective in understanding and intervening when overwhelming events impact social workers. Psychological trauma theory enhances earlier contributions of the stress and burnout literatures in the effort to increase the efficacy and well?being of child protection staff. Resilience

Mark Horwitz

1998-01-01

160

Amateur Psychology  

Microsoft Academic Search

Comments on a recent article in The Reporter (Feb. 16, 1962), where Marya Mannes, a staff writer of this publication, praises Joyce Brothers for her ability to answer complex psychological problems in simple language \\

W. G. Eliasberg

1962-01-01

161

Psychological Treatment  

MedlinePLUS

... Unmet Needs IBS and Holidays Personal Stories IBS Awareness Month The Art of IBS Mobile App Who We Are Contact Us Donate Psychological ... ... | Privacy & Security | Terms of Use | Site Map | Help | Free Info ...

162

Behavioural consequences of child abuse  

PubMed Central

Abstract Objective To discuss the consequences of abuse on childhood behavioural development, to highlight some behavioural clues that might alert physicians to ongoing child abuse, and to explore the specific role of the family physician in this clinical situation. Sources of information A systematic search was used to review relevant research, clinical review articles, and child protection agency websites. Main message A child’s behaviour is an outward manifestation of inner stability and security. It is a lens through which the family physician can observe the development of the child throughout his or her life. All types of abuse are damaging to children—physically, emotionally, and psychologically—and can cause long-term difficulties with behaviour and mental health development. Family physicians need to be aware of and alert to the indicators of child abuse and neglect so that appropriate interventions can be provided to improve outcomes for those children. Conclusion Child abuse might cause disordered psychological development and behaviour problems. Family physicians have an important role in recognizing behaviour clues that suggest child abuse and in providing help to protect children.

Al Odhayani, Abdulaziz; Watson, William J.; Watson, Lindsay

2013-01-01

163

Prevention of Child Abuse: Theory, Myth, Practice.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Child abuse is discussed in terms of theory which when realized may lead to more effective primary and secondary prevention efforts. Theoretical explanations of child abuse are classified as either unitary or interactive. Unitary theories (psychological, sociological, and legal views of behavior) are considered deficient; none is capable of…

Newberger, Eli H.; Newberger, Carolyn Moore

164

A Further Examination of the Distinction between Dependency-Oriented and Achievement-Oriented Parental Psychological Control: Psychometric Properties of the DAPCS with French-Speaking Late Adolescents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Psychological control refers to parental behaviors that intrude on the psychological and emotional development of the child. In 2010, Soenens et al. proposed a distinction between two domain-specific expressions of psychological control, that is, Dependency-oriented Psychological Control (DPC) and Achievement-oriented Psychological Control (APC).…

Mantzouranis, Gregory; Zimmermann, Gregoire; Mahaim, Elodie Biermann; Favez, Nicolas

2012-01-01

165

Parenting and child development in families with a child conceived through embryo donation.  

PubMed

Concerns have been raised regarding the potentially negative effects of conception using donated embryos on parenting and child development. Findings are presented of an exploratory study of families with a child conceived through embryo donation. Twenty-one embryo donation families were compared with 28 adoptive families and 30 in vitro fertilization families on standardized interview and questionnaire measures of the parents' marital and psychological state, the quality of parent-child relationships, and the child's development. In all 3 groups, the children were aged 2-5 years. The differences indicated higher emotional overinvolvement and defensive responding in the embryo donation families, along with greater secrecy about the child's origins. The children were not at increased risk of psychological problems. The study provides interesting but preliminary findings on parent-child relationships and child development in a new family form. PMID:17605550

MacCallum, Fiona; Golombok, Susan; Brinsden, Peter

2007-06-01

166

Stanford Psychology  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

A host of online educational initiatives during the past few years have brought lectures from all over the world into the homes into many persons who may not have access to such programs in their own local communities. One such website brings the insights and collected knowledge of various members of Stanford University's renowned psychology department to the Internet-browsing public. The lectures address such topics as the psychology of evil, the role of parents in their children's lives, and the role of personal and collective efficacy. Along with these individual talks presented by various members of the psychology faculty, there are several nice panel sessions on the nature of language and the cultural shaping of emotion. Finally, the site also contains the lively question-and-answer sessions that followed each panel session.

167

Parents' Perceptions of Their Child's Resilience and Competencies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined parental views of their child's educability through the parents' perceptions of their child's resilience. The purposes of the study were: (1) to examine psychometric properties of the rating scale created to measure parental views of their child's educational and psychological resilience, (2) to explore whether the parents'…

Karkkainen, Riitta; Raty, Hannu; Kasanen, Kati

2009-01-01

168

Demographic and personality characteristics of Internet Child Pornography Offenders  

Microsoft Academic Search

This research study was conducted to map out the demographic and psychological aspects of Internet child pornography offenders. The backgrounds, characteristics, and MMPI profiles of 22 Internet child pornography offenders were statistically compared to those of 112 perpetrators of other offenses. In comparison to the other sexual offenders, the Internet child pornography offenders turned out to be significantly younger on

L. Reijnen; B. H. Bulten; H. L. I. Nijman

2009-01-01

169

Lymphatic abnormalities in Noonan syndrome: A case report.  

PubMed

Lymphatic abnormalities are not generally recognized as part of the Noonan syndrome. A child with this condition in whom unique and widespread lymphatic abnormalities were demonstrated by lymphography is described. Both T and B lymphocytes were detected in chylous fluid drained from the thorax. In addition, the child was found to have a protein-losing enteropathy and cardiovascular defects. The clinical spectrum of the Noonan syndrome may include animalies of the lymphatic system. PMID:550483

Smith, S; Schulman, A; Weir, E K; Beatty, D W; Joffe, H S

1979-08-18

170

Psychological Adjustment in Young Korean American Adolescents and Parental Warmth  

PubMed Central

Problem: The relation between parental warmth and psychological adjustment is not known for young Korean American adolescents. Methods: 103 adolescents' perceived parental warmth and psychological adjustment were assessed using, respectively, the Parental Acceptance-Rejection Questionnaire and the Child Personality Assessment Questionnaire. Findings: Low perceived maternal and paternal warmth were positively related to adolescents' overall poor psychological adjustment and almost all of its attributes. When maternal and paternal warmth were entered simultaneously into the regression equation, only low maternal warmth was related to adolescents' poor psychological adjustment. Conclusion: Perceived parental warmth is important in predicting young adolescents' psychological adjustment as suggested in the parental acceptance-rejection theory.

Kim, Eunjung

2008-01-01

171

Black Psychology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The contents of the present volume, designed to bring together in a single place writings by the new black psychologists and other black social and behavioral scientists, are organized in seven parts, as follows: Part I, "Black Psychology: Perspectives," includes articles by Cedric Clark, Wade W. Nobles, Doris P. Mosby, Joseph White, and William…

Jones, Reginald L., Ed.

172

Psychological Trivia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Discusses trivia related to the history of psychology (with many fun examples such as: What are the names of Pavlov's original dogs?) and the relationship of this game to students learning how to use library resources (in attempts to answer such trivia questions), as well as the relevance of such knowledge.

Robert S. Harper

1970-01-01

173

Adult Psychology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This volume comprehensively reviews the research on the psychology of the middle aged (ages 40-65). Topics include the concept of maturity and maturation models, the measurement and influences of adult self image; marriage and sexual patterns; intergenerational relationships between and children; vocations and avocations (work, retirement, play,…

Bischof, Ledford J.

174

Space psychology  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Psychological selection of astronauts considers mental responses and adaptation to the following space flight stress factors: (1) confinement in a small space; (2) changes in three dimensional orientation; (3) effects of altered gravity and weightlessness; (4) decrease in afferent nerve pulses; (5) a sensation of novelty and danger; and (6) a sense of separation from earth.

Parin, V. V.; Gorbov, F. D.; Kosmolinskiy, F. P.

1974-01-01

175

Education and the Child Labor Paradox Today. Essay Review of "Children on the Streets of the Americas" (Roslyn A. Mickelson, editor); "The Policy Analysis of Child Labor: A Comparative Study" (Christiaan Grootaert, Harry Anthony Patrinos); "What Works for Working Children?" (Jo Boyden, Birgitta Ling, William Myers); "Child Employment in Britain: A Social and Psychological Analysis" (Sandy Hobbs, Jim McKechnie); and "Bud, Not Buddy" (Christopher Paul Curtis).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews five books on child labor, published 1997-2000, with reference to the International Labour Organization's 1999 convention that retreats from its previous hard stance on child labor. Discusses street children; public policy on child labor, child welfare, and school attendance; types of children's work; and working children as agents…

Post, David

2001-01-01

176

Child Abuse  

MedlinePLUS

... or puts a child at risk of harm. Child abuse can be physical, sexual or emotional. Neglect, or not providing for a child's needs, is also a form of abuse. Most abused children suffer greater emotional than ... or abuse others. Child abuse is a serious problem. If you suspect a ...

177

Minnesota Symposia on Child Psychology. Volume 1.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Ten schizophrenic and autistic children who exhibited self destructive, tantrum, echolalic, and self stimulatory behaviors were treated by reinforcement therapy. Reinforcement withdrawal, in the form of interpersonal isolation contingent upon self-destruction, and electrical shocks served to extinguish these behaviors in some children.…

Hill, John P., Ed.

178

How Much Do Students Remember from an Introductory Psychology Course?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Nearly 100 students were given a Pre-Test in psychology on the first day of class without warning in order to assess their knowledge of basic course content derived from the prerequisites of the course (PSYC-100 Introduction to Psychology or PSYC-220 Child Development) and other life experiences. This was intended as a low-stakes testing…

Herman, William E.

2010-01-01

179

Using Online Psychological Consultation in Early Childhood Student Teacher Preparation  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes the incorporation of online psychological consultation regarding child behavior in an early childhood teacher education program. The authors discuss psychological consultation in terms of current theory and philosophy in early childhood teacher education in general, and in terms of the professional objectives of this specific program. The experiences and thinking that eventually resulted in the choice of

Ann Epstein; Judith A. Dygdon

2006-01-01

180

A conceptual and methodological comparison with the field of child resilience  

Microsoft Academic Search

The label resilience has been used in the field of child psychology and of child development to identify the way in which children could cope with adverse events of their past, in order to live (to develop) \\

Jean-christophe LECOZE; Sophie CAPO

181

Abnormal Uterine Bleeding  

MedlinePLUS

MENU Return to Web version Abnormal Uterine Bleeding Overview What is abnormal uterine bleeding? Abnormal uterine bleeding is any bleeding from the uterus (through your vagina) other than your normal monthly ...

182

Burns and Their Psychological Effects on Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The psychological aspects of a child's reaction to major burn injuries include acute emotional reactions resulting from upsetting reactions of family members and unfamiliar hospital surroundings. Emotional and social adjustment problems of severely scarred children are viewed, and suggestions are made as to what health professionals might do to…

Luther, Stephen L.; Price, James H.

1981-01-01

183

Effect of Vasectomy on Psychological Functioning  

Microsoft Academic Search

Pie- to postoperative changes in couples electing vasectomy are discussed. High satisfaction with the operation is found, along with apparently desirable changes in attitudes toward child rearing and views of self and spouse. There is, however, concurrent evidence (both on psychometric scales and on clinical ratings) of adverse psychological changes in both husband and wife and of reduced marital satisfaction

FREDERICK J. ZIEGLER; DAVID A. RODGERS

184

The Psychological Impact of IVF Treatment  

Microsoft Academic Search

IVF treatment requires the woman to undergo several invasive procedures, which are repeated in subsequent treatment cycles. In addition to the physical burden, the threat of treatment failure confronts the couple with the possibility that they have to give up hope to have a child of their own. In line with the psychological consequences of infertility model, women seem to

Klerk de C

2008-01-01

185

Children's Rights and School Psychology: An Introduction to the Multiple Journal Series Honoring the 25th Anniversary of the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This year, 2014, is the 25th anniversary of the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child--the world's "positive ideology" and its clearest statement of commitments to and respect and aspirations for the dignity of the child. To commemorate this landmark, a program of articles by respected experts has been organized to…

Mcloughlin, Caven S.; Hart, Stuart N.

2014-01-01

186

Forty Years of Introductory Psychology: An Analysis of the First 10 Editions of Hilgard et al.'s Textbook.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Analyzes 10 editions of an introductory college psychology textbook to determine changes in the content. Reveals that coverage of consciousness, personality, abnormal (disorders), therapies, and social psychology increased, while coverage of introductory material, learning, methods, intelligence, developmental psychology, and applied psychology

Griggs, Richard A.; Jackson, Sherri L.

1996-01-01

187

CHILD POVERTY  

Microsoft Academic Search

This briefing provides an overview of child poverty in Scotland. The different methods of measuring child poverty are outlined, and figures are provided on the numbers of children living in poverty in Scotland. The causes and effects of child poverty, and the policy responses from the Scottish and UK governments, are discussed. The briefing also highlights some of the recent

SIMON WAKEFIELD

188

Child Maltreatment and Adolescent Mental Health Problems in a Large Birth Cohort  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: To examine whether notified child maltreatment is associated with adverse psychological outcomes in adolescence, and whether differing patterns of psychological outcome are seen depending on the type of maltreatment. Methods: The participants were 7,223 mother and child pairs enrolled in a population-based birth cohort study in…

Mills, Ryan; Scott, James; Alati, Rosa; O'Callaghan, Michael; Najman, Jake M.; Strathearn, Lane

2013-01-01

189

Sport Psychology in the Profession of Psychology  

Microsoft Academic Search

Historically, sport psychology has been identified with physical education; however, recent developments in the field toward applied issues have substantially expanded psychologists' interests and opportunities. Unfortunately, little is known about professional psychologists' involvement in sport psychology practice, research, and training. Therefore, a national survey of 500 male and 500 female psychologists (American Psychological Association Division 12members) was conducted. Based on

Trent A. Petrie; Nancy S. Diehl

1995-01-01

190

Psychology Ethics in Introductory Psychology Textbooks  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Previous research revealed that introductory psychology textbooks included limited information about psychology ethics. This study reviewed 48 current introductory psychology textbooks for research and other APA ethics content. These textbooks included slightly more total ethics content and were more thorough in their review of research ethics…

Zucchero, Renee' A.

2011-01-01

191

Skeletal limb abnormalities  

MedlinePLUS

Skeletal limb abnormalities refer to a variety of bone structure problems in the arms or legs (limbs). ... Skeletal limb abnormalities are most often used to describe defects in the legs or arms that are ...

192

Press coverage of the new psychology by the New York Times during the progressive era.  

PubMed

Press coverage of psychology by the New York Times was examined for the Progressive Era. Following a period in which psychology was associated with spiritualism, psychoanalysis, and the Emmanuel movement, the Times gave editorial preference to reports about psychology's applications. Reaching an audience that was both affluent and influential, the topics emphasized by the Times included the lie detector, psychological applications in the work place, mental tests, and child psychology. These areas reflected issues of social concern to Progressives, publicized the rise of the psychologist as expert, and aided psychology in its challenge to common sense. PMID:21688722

Dennis, Paul M

2011-05-01

193

The predictive impact of domestic violence on three types of child maltreatment  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: This exploratory study investigated the co-occurrence of domestic violence and three types of child maltreatment: physical child abuse, psychological child abuse, and child neglect.Method: A sample of 2544 at-risk mothers with first-born children participated in a home-visiting child abuse prevention program. A longitudinal design using multiple data collection methods investigated the effect of domestic violence during the first 6

William M McGuigan; Clara C Pratt

2001-01-01

194

Introduction to Psychology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Designed for community students interested in learning about psychology as a field of study, this module offers group and individual activities to involve the beginning student in research, experimentation and discussion. Unit 1, "What Is Psychology?," includes the use of animals in psychology, ethics, the history of psychology, an overview of…

Edwards, Lesley

195

Mainstreaming Culture in Psychology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Despite the "awakening" to the importance of culture in psychology in America, international psychology has remained on the sidelines of psychological science. The author recounts her personal and professional experience in tandem with the stages of development in international/cross-cultural psychology. Based on her research in cross-cultural…

Cheung, Fanny M.

2012-01-01

196

Child Development  

MedlinePLUS

As children grow older, they develop in several different ways. Child development includes physical, intellectual, social, and emotional changes. Children grow and mature at very different rates. It's ...

197

Child-Abusive Parents: An Empirical Review and Analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Studies comparing child-abusive and nonabusive parents on psychological and behavioral dimensions are reviewed to determine relevant distinctions between these populations. Whereas few studies found significant differences between abusers and nonabusers on traditional psychological dimensions, abusers are more likely to report stress-related symptoms, such as depression and health problems, that are linked to the parenting role. Comparative studies of family interactions

David A. Wolfe

1985-01-01

198

Barriers to Successful Treatment Completion in Child Sexual Abuse Survivors  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Child sexual abuse (CSA) often requires psychological treatment to address the symptoms of victim trauma. Barriers to entry and completion of counseling services can compromise long-term well-being. An integrated medical and mental health evaluation and treatment model of a child advocacy center (CAC) has the potential to reduce barriers to mental…

McPherson, Paul; Scribano, Philip; Stevens, Jack

2012-01-01

199

Improving Decision Making in Forensic Child Sexual Abuse Evaluations  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mental health professionals can assist legal decision makers in cases of allegations of child sexual abuse by collecting data using forensic interviews, psychological testing, and record reviews, and by summarizing relevant findings from social science research. Significant controversy surrounds another key task performed by mental health professionals in most child sexual abuse evaluations, i.e., deciding whether or not to substantiate

Steve Herman

2005-01-01

200

Give Sorrow Words: Working with a Dying Child. Second Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Efforts to alleviate the emotional pain of terminally ill children and their parents have led many physicians to turn to child psychiatrists for psychological support and treatment services. This book, written by a child psychotherapist, offers an overview of children's attitudes to death and considers the moral and ethical issues raised by…

Judd, Dorothy

201

American Psychological Society: Psychological Research on the Net  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Posted by the American Psychological Society (see the May 6, 1994 Scout Report), this Website presents an extensive annotated list of psychological research currently being conducted on the Web. In addition to a new studies section, topics include health psychology, industrial and organizational psychology, personality studies, psychology and religion, sensation and perception, social psychology, neural psychology, clinical psychology, developmental psychology, cognition, emotions, and others. Links are provided to the listed Websites.

2001-01-01

202

Child's Play.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the inclusion of child day centers on college campuses and what it takes to provide safe, successful, and fun places that support students, faculty, and staff needs. Areas addressed include safety and security, class and room size, inclusion of child-size toilets, and interior color schemes. (GR)

Milshtein, Amy

2000-01-01

203

Spleen removal - child - discharge  

MedlinePLUS

... of falling. Your child also should not go bicycling, skateboarding, roller skating, play contact sports, or lift ... child’s doctor know if your child will be traveling out of the country. Your child may need ...

204

Scoliosis surgery - child  

MedlinePLUS

Spinal curvature surgery - child; Kyphoscoliosis surgery - child; Video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery - child; VATS - child ... Before surgery, your child will receive general anesthesia. This will make ... and unable to feel pain during the operation. During ...

205

Child Rearing and Neuroticization of Parenting: The Case of The Netherlands.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the history and outcomes of psychoanalysis and child rearing practices in the 1950s Netherlands to present. Depicts the 20th century as a century of child rearing experts with parents blamed for all that was wrong with their child. States the dynamics of psychology has undermined society's self-supporting and self-healing capacity. (KDR)

Groenendijk, Leendert F.; Bakker, Nelleke

2002-01-01

206

Standardised Observation Analogue Procedure (SOAP) for Assessing Parent and Child Behaviours in Clinical Trials  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Observational measures of parent and child behaviours have a long history in child psychiatric and psychological intervention research, including the field of autism and developmental disability. We describe the development of the Standardised Observational Analogue Procedure (SOAP) for the assessment of parent-child behaviour before…

Johnson, Cynthia R.; Butter, Eric M.; Handen, Benjamin L.; Sukhodolsky, Denis G.; Mulick, James; Lecavalier, Luc; Aman, Michael G.; Arnold, Eugene L.; Scahill, Lawrence; Swiezy, Naomi; Sacco, Kelley; Stigler, Kimberly A.; McDougle, Christopher J.

2009-01-01

207

The Inclusion of Fathers in the Empirical Investigation of Child Psychopathology: An Update  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This investigation provides an update on the inclusion of fathers in child psychopathology research. Articles published from January 1992 to January 2005 that examined parental contributions to child psychological maladjustment were identified. Each article was coded for child age, parental race, how parent gender was analyzed, type of journal,…

Cassano, Michael; Adrian, Molly; Veits, Gina; Zeman, Janice

2006-01-01

208

Demographic and Personality Characteristics of Internet Child Pornography Downloaders in Comparison to Other Offenders  

Microsoft Academic Search

This research study was conducted to map out the demographic and psychological aspects of Internet child pornography offenders. The backgrounds, characteristics, and MMPI profiles of 22 Internet child pornography offenders were statistically compared to those of 112 perpetrators of other offenses. In comparison to the other sexual offenders, the Internet child pornography offenders turned out to be significantly younger on

Lotte Reijnen; Erik Bulten; Henk Nijman

2009-01-01

209

“Why Won't My Parents Help Me?”: Therapeutic Assessment of a Child and Her Family  

Microsoft Academic Search

We present a case study of a child's psychological assessment using the methods of Therapeutic Assessment (TA). The case illustrates how TA can help assessors understand the process and structure of a family by highlighting how maladaptive family processes and interactions impact a child's development. It also illustrates how TA with a child can serve as a family intervention. In

Amy M. Hamilton; Johnathan L. Fowler; Brooke Hersh; Cynthia A. Austin; Stephen E. Finn; Deborah J. Tharinger; Victoria Parton; Katharine Stahl; Prerna Arora

2009-01-01

210

Prenatal Attachment, Empathy, and Cognitive Adaptation to Pregnancy Subsequent to Having a Child with Down Syndrome  

Microsoft Academic Search

There has been extensive research into the areas of transition to parenthood, psychological processes during pregnancy, and having a child with disabilities. However, a much-needed topic of study is that of the unique experience which combines these three areas - pregnancy and parenting subsequent to having a child with disabilities. Understanding this experience, for example pregnancy after having a child

Anona Zimerman

2003-01-01

211

The knowledge, attitude and practice of child adoption among infertile Nigerian women.  

PubMed

To determine the knowledge, attitude and practice of child adoption among infertile Nigerian women we undertook a questionnaire survey of 279 consecutive infertile women seen in three tertiary care centres in South Eastern Nigeria within a 9-month period. The data were analysed by means of simple percentages and descriptive and inferential statistics, using t-tests, chi-square tests and regression equations at the 95% confidence level. Two hundred and sixty-four questionnaires were analysed. Although 228 (86.4%) of the respondents were aware of child adoption, only 72 (27.3%) knew its correct meaning. Fifty-seven (21.6%) women knew how to adopt a baby while the rest did not; 183 (69.3%) respondents expressed their unwillingness to adopt a baby while the remaining 81 (30.7%) were willing. Twelve (14.8%) of these 81 respondents (or 4.5% of all respondents) had either adopted or made an effort to adopt a child at the time of the study. The major reasons given by the 183 respondents unwilling to adopt a child were: adoption not a solution to their infertility (84 respondents); adoption psychologically unacceptable (78 respondents); fear of unknown parental background (75 respondents) and abnormal behaviour in the child (75 respondents). Univariate analysis showed six factors significantly associated with a favourable attitude to child adoption: a correct knowledge of the meaning of adoption (P=0.00007), duration of infertility >5 years (P=0.0002), previous orthodox specialist treatment (P=0.0002), tubal infertility (P=0.002), no living child (P=0.02) and maternal age >35 years (P=0.03). In a multiple logistic regression involving these six factors, with attitude to adoption as the dependent variable, two factors were associated significantly with a favourable attitude to adoption: correct knowledge of the meaning of adoption (OR=1.9, P=0.04) and previous orthodox specialist treatment (OR=2.9, P=0.05). Although the majority of infertile Nigerian women have heard of child adoption, only a minority knew its real meaning, its legality and the process it entails. Approximately one-third of them were disposed favourably to adoption as a treatment option for their infertility. The Nigerian experience was compared and contrasted with the experiences of other countries. Factors associated with a favourable attitude to adoption were presented and discussed. In the presence of such factors, especially when the probability of cure of infertility is small, child adoption as a treatment option should be offered early so that willing couples can initiate the processes. PMID:12521712

Ezugwu, F O; Obi, S N; Onah, H E

2002-03-01

212

Child Care and Child Nutrition  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The weak economy is challenging the child care program budget. Fluctuations in enrollment come up against rising costs making every penny count. So for many reasons a federal program that helps defray the costs of snacks and meals in child care programs is particularly important and timely. In this article, the author pushes for the…

Karolak, Eric

2009-01-01

213

[Abnormalities of the penis in boys].  

PubMed

Abnormalities of the male genitalia have increased in the last 2 decades in numerous developed countries and remain a frequent reason of consultation in pediatric surgery. The diagnostic spectrum is wide, and surgeons should pay particular attention to these abnormalities because of their potential psychological effect. Anatomically, these abnormalities can affect one of three parts of the penis. First, the foreskin may not be fully retracted. This is normal at birth and can be caused by prepuce adherents that can continue until adolescence. Today, true phimosis is treated with topical corticoids from the age of 3 years. If medical treatment fails, a surgical procedure is required. Second, the urethra can be affected by hypospadia, which is the most frequent abnormality of the urethra. It is associated with ectopic urethral meatus, hypoplastic foreskin, and penis curvature. Its pathogenic background is not clearly understood. Surgery options differ according to the type of hypospadia and according to the surgeon's experience. It is sometimes hard to deal with, especially in a perineal form, where genetic and hormonal studies are recommended. These interventions can lead to complications ranging from stenosis to fistula. Therefore, parents have to be informed of the benefits and risks of the surgical procedures. Epispadias is rare but more serious because of the increasing risk of urinary incontinence. Finally, abnormalities of the corpora cavernosa - often associated with hypospadias - can include penis curvature and micropenis, for which an endocrinological analysis is essential. PMID:23121902

Peycelon, M; Parmentier, B; Raquillet, C; Boubnova, J; Chouikh, T; Grosos, C; Honart, J-F; Pichon, A; Auber, F; Larroquet, M; Audry, G

2012-12-01

214

Child Development: An Active Learning Approach  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Within each chapter of this innovative topical text, the authors engage students by demonstrating the wide range of real-world applications of psychological research connected to child development. In particular, the distinctive Active Learning features incorporated throughout the book foster a dynamic and personal learning process for students.…

Levine, Laura E.; Munsch, Joyce

2010-01-01

215

Smile Parents, Your Child's Watching You.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The influence exerted by parents on the psychological development of children in youth sports programs is examined, and the risks and benefits attendent on youth participation in sports is discussed. Parents are considered as role models for their children, and the attitudes and self-concepts a young child acquires through his or her early…

Bunker, Linda K.

216

Maternal Work Conditions and Child Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

How do maternal work conditions, such as psychological stress and physical hazards, affect children's development? Combining data from the Child Development Supplement of the Panel Study of Income Dynamics and the Occupational Information Network allows us to shed some light on this question. We employ various techniques including OLS with…

Felfe, Christina; Hsin, Amy

2012-01-01

217

The Second Child: Family Transition and Adjustment.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Synthesizing the methodologies of developmental psychology, family sociology, and systems theory, this 15-month longitudinal study examined familial role adjustments in 41 suburban families after the birth of a second child. Using interviews, observations, and rating scales, the study examined families during the third trimester of the second…

Stewart, Robert B., Jr.

218

75 FR 38611 - Child Support Enforcement Program; Intergovernmental Child Support  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Child Support Enforcement Program; Intergovernmental Child...0970-AC-37 Child Support Enforcement Program; Intergovernmental Child...AGENCY: Office of Child Support Enforcement (OCSE), Administration...

2010-07-02

219

Urine - abnormal color  

MedlinePLUS

The usual color of urine is straw-yellow. Abnormally colored urine may be cloudy, dark, or blood-colored. ... Abnormal urine color may be caused by infection, disease, medicines, or food you eat. Cloudy or milky urine is a sign ...

220

Morphological abnormalities among lampreys  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The experimental control of the sea lamprey (Petromyzon marinus) in the Great Lakes has required the collection of thousands of lampreys. Representatives of each life stage of the four species of the Lake Superior basin were examined for structural abnormalities. The most common aberration was the presence of additional tails. The accessory tails were always postanal and smaller than the normal tail. The point of origin varied; the extra tails occurred on dorsal, ventral, or lateral surfaces. Some of the extra tails were misshaped and curled, but others were normal in shape and pigment pattern. Other abnormalities in larval sea lampreys were malformed or twisted tails and bodies. The cause of the structural abnormalities is unknown. The presence of extra caudal fins could be genetically controlled, or be due to partial amputation or injury followed by abnormal regeneration. Few if any lampreys with structural abnormalities live to sexual maturity.

Manion, Patrick J.

1967-01-01

221

Psychological Component of Infertility  

MedlinePLUS

... Organizations Resources: FAQs › FAQs - The Psychological Component of Infertility -- written by the ASRM Mental Health Professional Group ( ... Professional in your area ) Q1. What impact does infertility have on psychological well being? Infertility often creates ...

222

Beyond child soldiering: the interference of daily living conditions in former child soldiers' longer term psychosocial well-being in northern Uganda.  

PubMed

Given the various developments in former child soldiers' psychosocial well-being over time, the question arises as to which factors are associated with the prevalence of psychological distress. An ongoing debate points to the plausible importance of child soldiering-related and post-child soldiering factors. This study is an exploratory analysis of both types of association with former child soldiers' psychosocial well-being in the longer term. Follow-up data on a convenience sample of 424 northern Ugandan former child soldiers are analysed. Psychological symptoms are assessed by a review of the intake and assessment forms of the Rachele Rehabilitation Centre, which were not validated and did not include a standardised translation into the local language. These psychological symptoms and possible associated factors are analysed using binary logistic regression analysis. Thereby, both child soldiering-related and post-child soldiering variables are accounted for. The outcomes reveal almost no significant main effects of child soldiering-related variables, while a range of post-child soldiering variables (number of meals a day, school attendance, insults and professional support) are clearly associated with the prevalence of the measured psychological symptoms in the longer term. These exploratory conclusions should be further investigated in representative samples of former child soldiers using validated assessment tools. PMID:23654215

Vindevogel, Sofie; Coppens, Kathleen; De Schryver, Maarten; Loots, Gerrit; Broekaert, Eric; Derluyn, Ilse

2013-01-01

223

Intergenerational effects of war trauma among Palestinian families mediated via psychological maltreatment.  

PubMed

We tested the hypothesis that intergenerational effects of parents' war trauma on offspring's attachment and mental health are mediated by psychological maltreatment. Two hundred and forty children and their parents were sampled from a war-prone area, Gaza, Palestine. The parents reported the number and type of traumatic experiences of war they had had during their lifetime before the child's birth and during a current war when the child was 10-12 years old. The children reported their war traumas, experiences of psychological maltreatment, attachment security, and symptoms of posttraumatic stress (PTSS), depression, and aggression. The direct and indirect intergenerational effects of war trauma were tested in structural equation models. The hypotheses were confirmed for father's past war exposure, and disconfirmed for mother's war exposure. The father's past war trauma had a negative association with attachment security and positive association with the child's mental health problems mediated by increased psychological maltreatment. In contrast, the mother's past war trauma had a negative association with the child's depression via decreased psychological maltreatment. The mother's current war trauma had a negative association with the child's depression and aggression via decreased psychological maltreatment. Among fathers, past war exposure should be considered as a risk factor for psychological maltreatment of children and the associated attachment insecurity and mental health problems. Among mothers, war exposure as such could be given less clinical attention than PTSS in the prevention of psychological maltreatment of children. PMID:23768956

Palosaari, Esa; Punamäki, Raija-Leena; Qouta, Samir; Diab, Marwan

2013-11-01

224

Industrialism and applied psychology  

Microsoft Academic Search

Determines the relation between industrialism and applied psychology. Applied psychology can help to minimize the mental deterioration by changing old habits of carelessness and wastefulness. Applied psychology must consider: (1) the necessity of readjusting and adapting national habits to modern economical and social requirements (2) mental activity and initiative of workers atrophied by specialization of labor and monotony of repetitive

Paul Kreuzpointner

1917-01-01

225

The Introductory Psychology Textbook.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses an analysis of 10 common introductory psychology textbooks. Argues that the books tend to present psychology as tedious, even silly, and as a canned, multimedia, self-teaching program. Concludes that replacing textbooks with lectures based on the instructor's personal knowledge and experience would improve the teaching of psychology. (SG)

Blumenthal, Arthur L.

1991-01-01

226

Nonlinear Dynamics in Psychology  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article provides a survey of the applications of nonlinear dynamical systems theory to substantive problems encountered in the full scope of psychological science. Applications are organized into three topical areas - cognitive science, social and organizational psychology, and personality and clinical psychology. Both theoretical and empirical studies are considered with an emphasis on works that capture the broadest scope

STEPHEN J. GUASTELLO

2000-01-01

227

What is Psychology?  

Microsoft Academic Search

At the present time there are in psychology three rival standpoints. (1) There is the traditional psychology of mental states. This type of psychology is objectionable since it seems to invert the standpoint of common sense, and since it rests upon an antiquated metaphysics. Having no objective standards, it leads nowhere. (2) Behaviorism arises as an extreme reaction to the

B. H. Bode

1922-01-01

228

Psychology for All  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In "Psychology in its place" (2008) John Radford explores and attempts to initiate a debate on what is or should be the place and role of psychology in Higher Education, primarily as a main subject for a first degree. In this paper, the author raises the stakes, and argues that Higher Education should provide a certain form of practical psychology

Popovic, Nash

2008-01-01

229

Psychology in Mexico  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The first formal psychology course taught in Mexico was in 1896 at Mexico's National University; today, National Autonomous University of Mexico (UNAM in Spanish). The modern psychology from Europe and the US in the late 19th century were the primary influences of Mexican psychology, as well as psychoanalysis and both clinical and experimental…

Ruiz, Eleonora Rubio

2011-01-01

230

Psychology in India  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Psychology forms the basis of every human activity. The scope of psychology is increasingly widening in various economic, political, social, cultural and technological aspects. Though the application of psychology is extending to various aspects of life, it needs to be indigenised to address the dynamic needs in the various socio-economic contexts…

Sushma, B.; Padmaja, G.

2011-01-01

231

Psychology and Economics  

Microsoft Academic Search

Because psychology systematically explores human judgment, behavior, and well-being, it can teach us important lessons about how humans differ from the way they are traditionally described by economists. This essay discusses a selection of psychological findings relevant to economics. While standard economics assumes that each person maximizes stable and coherent preferences given rationally-formed probabilistic beliefs, psychological research teaches us about

Matthew Rabin

1998-01-01

232

School Psychology in Denmark.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes education system of Denmark and reviews background and development of school psychology in that country. Discusses organization of school psychology work and practice. Explains qualifications and training of school psychologists and describes professional organizations, wages, and problems in school psychology. (NB)

Poulsen, Anders

1987-01-01

233

Measuring Physical & Psychological Maltreatment of Children with the Conflict Tactics Scales.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Conflict Tactics Scales (CTS) are intended to measure use of nonviolent discipline, psychological aggression, and physical assault in parent-child and other family relationships. The latter two scales provide a basis for identifying psychological and physical maltreatment. Two revisions of the CTS became available in 1996. One, the CTS2 is…

Straus, Murray A.; Hamby, Sherry L.

234

The application of community psychology practice competencies to reduce health disparities.  

PubMed

This article demonstrates the application of community psychology practice competencies to health disparities reduction. It begins with a discussion of changes and evolution of the maternal child health field over nearly three decades, then describes implications for community psychology practice and the application of practice competencies. PMID:24402727

Wolfe, Susan M

2014-03-01

235

Cerebrofacial venous anomalies, sinus pericranii, ocular abnormalities and developmental delay.  

PubMed

The clinical implications of venous cerebrovascular maldevelopment remain poorly understood. We report on the association of cerebrofacial venous anomalies (including sinus pericranii), ocular abnormalities and mild developmental delay in two children. In addition, one child had a seizure disorder. Complex cerebrofacial slow-flow vascular anomalies may herald an underlying developmental aberration affecting the cerebrofacial and orbital regions. PMID:22681729

Macit, B; Burrows, P E; Yilmaz, S; Orbach, D B; Mulliken, J B; Alomari, A I

2012-06-01

236

Cerebrofacial Venous Anomalies, Sinus Pericranii, Ocular Abnormalities and Developmental Delay  

PubMed Central

Summary The clinical implications of venous cerebrovascular maldevelopment remain poorly understood. We report on the association of cerebrofacial venous anomalies (including sinus pericranii), ocular abnormalities and mild developmental delay in two children. In addition, one child had a seizure disorder. Complex cerebrofacial slow-flow vascular anomalies may herald an underlying developmental aberration affecting the cerebrofacial and orbital regions

Macit, B.; Burrows, P.E.; Yilmaz, S.; Orbach, D.B.; Mulliken, J.B.; Alomari, A.I.

2012-01-01

237

The Psychology of Cyberspace  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Created and maintained by Professor John Suler of Rider University, The Psychology of Cyberspace is a frequently updated interactive document that provides "an evolving conceptual framework for understanding the various psychological components of cyberspace." Currently, the site contains six major components: The Fundamental Psychological Qualities of Cyberspace, The Psychology of the Individual in Cyberspace, The Psychology of Cyberspace Relationships, Group Dynamics in Cyberspace, Research Methods in Cyberpsychology, and The Palace Study, an ongoing case study of an online multimedia community. This extensive site also includes a subject index to aid information retrieval, and a modest annotated webliography of cyberpsychology resources.

Suler, John.

1999-01-01

238

Psychology Free Online Medical Advice  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

First released on July 1, 2003, this online service provides answers to hundreds of questions about lifestyle issues such as post-traumatic stress syndrome, child guidance, obesity, and eating disorders. The project is funded by the EU, and the questions are answered in full by a team of psychological and psychiatric experts from a number of European countries. Visitors can elect to send in their own question directly to an expert, or read through a list of previously answered questions organized around topics ranging from psychotherapy to depression. Additionally, users may take part in a number of ongoing forums where they can discuss their issues anonymously, and seek advice from experts. Finally, the homepage features a list of recent discussions that are currently in progress, and questions that have recently been answered. Appropriately enough, the site is also available in Greek, German, and Swedish.

2003-01-01

239

Childhood psychological function and obesity risk across the lifecourse: findings from the 1970 British Cohort Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background:Psychological comorbidities of obesity are well recognised. However, the role of childhood psychological problems in the aetiology of later obesity has been little studied.Design:Secondary analyses of a national birth cohort (1970 British Cohort Study). Analysis: Logistic regression models to predict obesity risk at 26, 30 and 34 years related to hypothesised predictors: maternal and teacher reported child psychological function at

B White; D Nicholls; D Christie; T J Cole; R M Viner

2012-01-01

240

Abnormal menstrual periods (image)  

MedlinePLUS

... may have a variety of causes, such as endometrial hyperplasia, endometrial polyps, uterine fibroids, and abnormal thyroid or ... the endometrium becomes unusually thick it is called endometrial ... Hyperplasia may cause profuse or extended menstrual bleeding.

241

Abnormal haemoglobins: detection & characterization  

PubMed Central

Haemoglobin (Hb) abnormalities though quite frequent, are generally detected in populations during surveys and programmes run for prevention of Hb disorders. Several methods are now available for detection of Hb abnormalities. In this review, the following are discussed: (i) the methods used for characterization of haemoglobin disorders; (ii) the problems linked to diagnosis of thalassaemic trait; (iii) the strategy for detection of common Hb variants; and (iv) the difficulties in identification of rare variants. The differences between developing and industrialized countries for the strategies employed in the diagnosis of abnormal haemoglobins are considered. We mention the limits and pitfalls for each approach and the necessity to characterize the abnormalities using at least two different methods. The recommended strategy is to use a combination of cation-exchange high performance chromatography (CE-HPLC), capillary electrophoresis (CE) and when possible isoelectric focusing (IEF). Difficult cases may demand further investigations requiring specialized protein and/or molecular biology techniques.

Wajcman, Henri; Moradkhani, Kamran

2011-01-01

242

Tooth - abnormal colors  

MedlinePLUS

Abnormal tooth color is any color other than the white to yellowish-white of normal teeth. ... things can cause tooth discoloration. The change in color may affect the entire tooth, or just appear ...

243

Teachers' Negative Affect Toward Academically Gifted StudentsAn Evolutionary Psychological Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

A frequent reason for teachers not making special provisions for a gifted child is that the child is “not fitting in socially.” The conjecture that a psychological source of such negative affect has evolved along with human language was tested with a large sample (N = 377) of teachers in England, Scotland, and Australia who were undertaking continuing professional development

John G. Geake; Miraca U. M. Gross

2008-01-01

244

Long-Term Influences of Intergenerational Ambivalence on Midlife Parents' Psychological Well-Being  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We investigated changes in midlife parents' intergenerational ambivalence toward a focal child and its influence on their psychological well-being over 14 years, as the focal child moved from adolescence into young adulthood. We estimated growth curve models using three waves of data from the National Survey of Families and Households (N = 1,510…

Kiecolt, K. Jill; Blieszner, Rosemary; Savla, Jyoti

2011-01-01

245

Adult Recall of Parental Alienation in a Community Sample: Prevalence and Associations With Psychological Maltreatment  

Microsoft Academic Search

Two hundred fifty-three adults working in a New York child welfare agency agreed to complete anonymous research packets containing, among other measures, 6 existing scales of psychological maltreatment and a single item about exposure to parental alienation as a child. Results revealed that one fourth of the full sample reported some exposure to parental alienation, which itself was associated with

Amy J. L. Baker

2009-01-01

246

Differential Effects of Psychological Maltreatment on Children of Mothers Exposed to Intimate Partner Violence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: Psychological maltreatment (PM) is the most prevalent form of child abuse, and is the core component of most of what is considered as child maltreatment. The aim of this work was to explore differential adverse outcomes of the different types of PM in the mental health and functioning of children living in homes in which they are…

de la Vega, Ariadna; de la Osa, Nuria; Ezpeleta, Lourdes; Granero, Roser; Domenech, Josep Maria

2011-01-01

247

Chromosomal Abnormalities and Schizophrenia  

PubMed Central

Schizophrenia is a common and serious psychiatric illness with strong evidence for genetic causation, but no specific loci yet identified. Chromosomal abnormalities associated with schizophrenia may help to understand the genetic complexity of the illness. This paper reviews the evidence for associations between chromosomal abnormalities and schizophrenia and related disorders. The results indicate that 22q11.2 microdeletions detected by fluorescence in-situ hybridization (FISH) are significantly associated with schizophrenia. Sex chromosome abnormalities seem to be increased in schizophrenia but insufficient data are available to indicate whether schizophrenia or related disorders are increased in patients with sex chromosome aneuploidies. Other reports of chromosomal abnormalities associated with schizophrenia have the potential to be important adjuncts to linkage studies in gene localization. Advances in molecular cytogenetic techniques (i.e., FISH) have produced significant increases in rates of identified abnormalities in schizophrenia, particularly in patients with very early age at onset, learning difficulties or mental retardation, or dysmorphic features. The results emphasize the importance of considering behavioral phenotypes, including adult onset psychiatric illnesses, in genetic syndromes and the need for clinicians to actively consider identifying chromosomal abnormalities and genetic syndromes in selected psychiatric patients.

BASSETT, ANNE S.; CHOW, EVA W.C.; WEKSBERG, ROSANNA

2011-01-01

248

Child murder committed by severely mentally III mothers: an examination of mothers found not guilty by reason of insanity. 2005 Honorable Mention/Richard Rosner Award for the best paper by a fellow in forensic psychiatry or forensic psychology.  

PubMed

Forensic hospital records of 39 severely mentally ill mothers adjudicated Not Guilty by Reason of Insanity for filicide (child murder by parents) were analyzed to describe characteristics preceding this tragedy and to suggest prevention strategies. Almost three-quarters of the mothers (72%) had previous mental health treatment. Over two thirds (69%) of the mothers were experiencing auditory hallucinations, most frequently command hallucinations, and half (49%) were depressed at the time of the offense. Over one third (38%) of the filicides occurred during pregnancy or the postpartum period, and many had a history of postpartum psychosis. Almost three-quarters (72%) of the mothers had experienced considerable developmental stressors, such as death of their own mother or incest. Maternal motives for filicide were predominantly "altruistic" (meaning murder out of love) or "acutely psychotic" (occurring in the throes of psychosis, without rational motive). Psychiatrists should perform careful risk assessments for filicide in mothers with mental illnesses. PMID:16382847

Friedman, Susan Hatters; Hrouda, Debra R; Holden, Carol E; Noffsinger, Stephen G; Resnick, Phillip J

2005-11-01

249

Psychological tasks for women and men in the postpartum  

Microsoft Academic Search

Drawing on data from a longitudinal study of the transition to parenthood, four psychological tasks for women and men in the post-partum were identified: recovery from and making sense of childbirth, feelings about\\/relations with child, feelings about self, and changing relationships. These were examined using a mix of questionnaires and interviews. Women's responses and ways of coping with these four

Anne Woollett; Mel Parr

1997-01-01

250

Effects of Commitment and Psychological Centrality on Fathering.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Identity theory model was tested with fathers (N=186) to assess whether commitment to the fathering role identity affected the psychological centrality of that role. Results showed that fathers who perceived that their wives evaluated them positively as fathers were more likely to report higher levels of involvement in child-related activities and…

Pasley, Kay; Furtis, Ted G.; Skinner, Martie L.

2002-01-01

251

Intelligence and Cultural Environment, Methuen's Manuals of Modern Psychology Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book describes recent psychological theories on the nature of intelligence and the influence of environmental factors, and argues that culture and child rearing practices affect the development of abilities (linguistic, sensory motor and perceptual). Studies of intelligence, achievement, and environment in England are discussed, along with…

Vernon, Philip E.

252

The Methamphetamine Home: Psychological Impact on Preschoolers in Rural Tennessee  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Context: A growing number of children reside with methamphetamine-abusing parents in homes where the illicit drug is produced. Yet, the effects of a methamphetamine environment on psychological child outcome are still unknown. Purpose: To examine whether preschoolers who lived in methamphetamine-producing homes are at increased risk for developing…

Asanbe, Comfort B.; Hall, Charlene; Bolden, Charles D.

2008-01-01

253

Child Care Aware  

MedlinePLUS

... learn about high-quality child care. Welcome to Child Care Aware® E-Mail Print Share Tweet Military Child ... 2246 Call TTY#: 1-866-278-9428 Free Child Care Search Please enter your zip code. Your local ...

254

Mainstreaming culture in psychology.  

PubMed

Despite the "awakening" to the importance of culture in psychology in America, international psychology has remained on the sidelines of psychological science. The author recounts her personal and professional experience in tandem with the stages of development in international/cross-cultural psychology. Based on her research in cross-cultural personality assessment, the author discusses the inadequacies of sole reliance on either the etic or the emic approach and points out the advantages of a combined emic-etic approach in bridging global and local human experiences in psychological science and practice. With the blurring of the boundaries between North American-European psychologies and psychology in the rest of the world, there is a need to mainstream culture in psychology's epistemological paradigm. Borrowing from the concept of gender mainstreaming that embraces both similarities and differences in promoting equal opportunities, the author discusses the parallel needs of acknowledging universals and specifics when mainstreaming culture in psychology. She calls for building a culturally informed universal knowledge base that should be incorporated in the psychology curriculum and textbooks. PMID:23163473

Cheung, Fanny M

2012-11-01

255

The adult who is an only child: achieving separation or individuation.  

PubMed

60 women and 60 men between the ages of 18 and 45 years (M = 30.5, SD = 9.6) were categorized by sex, age, and birth order (only child, firstborn, lastborn) to assess the differences among the adult only-child, the youngest child, and the oldest child in autonomous characteristics and cohesiveness in family interaction. Analysis of the responses on a biographical data sheet, the California Psychological Inventory, and the Family Adaptability Cohesion Scales III showed that main effects for birth order and sex are significant in the process of separation-individuation and that the only child is less autonomous than the oldest child. PMID:8367556

Byrd, B; DeRosa, A P; Craig, S S

1993-08-01

256

Child Care Notebook. Revised.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In six sections, this child care notebook provides basic information concerning (1) child care in general; (2) day care centers; (3) family day care; (4) employers, parents, and child care; (5) school-age child care; and (6) group care for infants and toddlers. Section I focuses on types of child care programs, sources of information about child

Spedding, Polly; And Others

257

Integrating Disability Awareness into Psychology Courses: Applications in Abnormal Psychology and Perception.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Contends that the rising number of college students makes it imperative that teachers try to increase their own and nondisabled students' awareness of learning, physical, and emotional disabilities. Discusses course content and classroom techniques used to achieve this goal. (CFR)

Wurst, Stephen A.; Wolford, Karen

1994-01-01

258

Conflicts and child survival.  

PubMed

An overview is provided of the gravity of the problems of trauma from conflicts and effects on the health and survival of children and the relevance for India. Article 39 of the convention of the Rights of the Child adopted by the UN General Assembly is an agreement "to promote physical and psychological recovery and social reintegration of a child victim of any form of neglect, exploitation, abuse, inhuman treatment, or armed conflicts." The World Summit expanded the provision to include protecting women and children from the effects of war and to work toward preventing future conflicts. Safe corridors must be secured in order to protect children and families from surrounding war or violence. Concern for children was first indicated in the formation of UNICEF in the aftermath of World War II. Since that time, civilians, mostly women and children, have been the dominant population suffering from the effects of war. By 1991, 80% of the 20 million killed and the 80 million wounded were women and children involved in 150 conflicts. In the recent past, the Gulf War had a disastrous impact on children. Infant mortality increased from 39/1000 to 111/1000 and low birth weight rose from 5% to 12%. Child mortality of these under 5 years increased from 48/1000 to 143/1000. Another impact of armed conflicts on children is psychological trauma and detachment from emotional ties and enjoyment, and sleeplessness. Other symptoms are described. Recent action to counteract children's trauma has been taken in Kuwait, Mozambique, and Sri Lanka. Community-based programs help to identify needy children through parent and teacher education and to offer counseling. Several manuals are available on how to help children affected by war. One strategy is the establishment of a trauma center. In the Philippines, programs have been developed to involve children in therapy through drama, painting, and dance. India has experienced severe rioting, which has left many women and children orphaned. Programs need to be developed to deal with the effects on women and children. PMID:12318361

Padmanabhan, B S

1992-01-01

259

Positive Psychology: Considerations and Implications for Counseling Psychology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Why has the specialty of counseling psychology been overlooked in the larger conversation about positive psychology? Is it reasonable that counseling psychology claims positive psychology as its own? What are some of the problems in defining "positive psychology," and how does the lack of consensus around operationalization thwart discourse on…

Mollen, Debra; Ethington, Lanaya L.; Ridley, Charles R.

2006-01-01

260

Child Safety  

MedlinePLUS

... right child safety seat in your car Teach children how to cross the street safely Make sure they wear the right gear and equipment for sports Install and test smoke alarms Store medicines, cleaners and other dangerous ... your home Don't leave small children unattended

261

Similarities Between the Psychological Profiles of Complex Regional Pain Syndrome and Conversion Disorder Patients  

Microsoft Academic Search

The psychological profile of 17 Complex Regional Pain Syndrome type I (CRPS) and 20 Conversion Disorder (CD) patients were compared, using the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI) and standardized, semistructured psychological interviews. Both groups presented abnormally high somatization scores. Low anxiety scores in both groups indicate that somatization may have served as a defense mechanism to bind anxiety. Depression was

Shimon Shiri; Jeanna Tsenter; Ram Livai; Isabella Schwartz; Jean-Jacques Vatine

2003-01-01

262

Psychology of Religion Pages  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Designed and maintained by Professor Michael E. Nielsen of the Psychology Department at Georgia Southern University, this site offers numerous resources for people interested in psychological aspects of religious belief and behavior. The site is designed as an introduction to the psychology of religion, rather than a comprehensive treatment. Resources are grouped into three main categories: general resource pages, science and religion pages, and pages devoted to new religious movements. Contents include notable people in the psychology of religion; a bibliography; course syllabi; journal TOCs; essays on the field, on science and religion, and on several aspects of new religious movements; and related links.

Nielsen, Michael E.

1998-01-01

263

Models of Abnormal Scarring  

PubMed Central

Keloids and hypertrophic scars are thick, raised dermal scars, caused by derailing of the normal scarring process. Extensive research on such abnormal scarring has been done; however, these being refractory disorders specific to humans, it has been difficult to establish a universal animal model. A wide variety of animal models have been used. These include the athymic mouse, rats, rabbits, and pigs. Although these models have provided valuable insight into abnormal scarring, there is currently still no ideal model. This paper reviews the models that have been developed.

Seo, Bommie F.; Lee, Jun Yong; Jung, Sung-No

2013-01-01

264

Experiences in the Bilingual Education of a Child of Pre-School Age  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reports on experiences in the bilingual education, psychologically and pedagogically planned, of a child who died of brain cancer at age 5. Conclusions are drawn regarding order and method of language learning. (CHK)

Zierer, Ernesto

1977-01-01

265

Child Behavior Problems and Parental Well-Being in Families of Children with Autism: The Mediating Role of Mindfulness and Acceptance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Few research studies have explored how the level of a child's behavior problems leads to psychological distress in parents of children with autism. The authors explored whether psychological acceptance and mindfulness mediated this relationship between child behavior and parental distress. Seventy-one mothers and 39 fathers of children with…

Jones, Leah; Hastings, Richard Patrick; Totsika, Vasiliki; Keane, Lisa; Rhule, Neisha

2014-01-01

266

The Impact of Child Problem Behaviors of Children with ASD on Parent Mental Health: The Mediating Role of Acceptance and Empowerment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Raising a child with an autism spectrum disorder (ASD) has often been associated with higher levels of parenting stress and psychological distress, and a number of studies have examined the role of psychological processes as mediators of the impact of child problem behavior on parent mental health. The current study examined the relations among…

Weiss, Jonathan A.; Cappadocia, M. Catherine; MacMullin, Jennifer Anne; Viecili, Michelle; Lunsky, Yona

2012-01-01

267

The metabolic and psychological effects of exercise training in hemodialysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

The effect of exercise training on metabolic abnormalities and psychological function was assessed in seven hemodialysis patients. Their initial work capacity was low and improved after 8 months of training. Exercise was associated with a reduction in the dose of antihypertensive medications in four patients and a decrease in phosphate binder therapy in three patients. There was also a rise

Andrew P. Goldberg; James Hagberg; James A. Delmez; Robert M. Carney; Patricia M. McKevitt; Ali A. Ehsani; Herschel R. Harter

268

Expanding community psychology's domain  

Microsoft Academic Search

Community psychology's twin goals of prevention and empowerment are ill-served when researchers and practitioners restrict their activities to traditional mental health settings. This paper echoes the call of the Swampscott conference for expanding community psychology's domain of inquiry and action. It reviews examples from the research literature of efforts at prevention and empowerment in five classes of behavior settings identified

Marybeth Shinn

1987-01-01

269

Nonempirical Issues in Psychology  

Microsoft Academic Search

The general decline of radical empiricism has led to a renewed appreciation of the role of nonempirical contributions to the advancement of science. In psychology, this has meant the development of a theoretical wing comparable to the well-established theoretical traditions that exist in other scientific disciplines. Theoretical psychology is no longer the collection of vague generalities that once made up

Andre Kukla

1989-01-01

270

Psychologism and Instructional Technology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Little of the work in critical and hermeneutical psychology has been linked to instructional technology (IT). This article provides a discussion in order to fill the gap in this direction. The article presents a brief genealogy of American IT in relation to the influence of psychology. It also provides a critical and hermeneutical framework for…

Gur, Bekir S.; Wiley, David A.

2009-01-01

271

Teaching Anomalistic Psychology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses need for anomalistic psychology courses (the occult, astrology, ESP, or those phenomena inexplicable in terms of orthodox science) in the college psychology curriculum. A study of an anomalistics course indicates that student belief in the paranormal was associated with greater learning which was then followed by significant reductions…

Jones, Warren; Zusne, Leonard

1981-01-01

272

Techniques in Adlerian Psychology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book is a collection of classic and recent papers (published between 1964 and 1994) reprinted from the "Journal of Juvenile Psychology""Individual Psychologist," and "Individual Psychology." Each of the five sections is introduced by the editor's comments. "General Techniques" contains the following articles: (1) "I-Thou Relationship Versus…

Carlson, Jon, Ed.; Slavik, Steven, Ed.

273

Psychological Education Is...  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This special issue of P & G provides an overview of the psychological education movement and its implications for the practicing counselor. Psychological education is a relatively new discipline, but it is already providing important levers to help counselors refocus their efforts and increase their effectiveness. (Author)

Ivey, Allen E.; Alschuler, Alfred S.

1973-01-01

274

Gestalt in social psychology  

Microsoft Academic Search

Citations superficially suggest that the relationship between Gestalt theory and contemporary social psychology is hardly recognizable if we disregard the occasional homage to Kurt Lewin. Neither Gestalt nor field theory belongs to the present pool of social-psychological theories. On the other hand, it can be shown that basic concepts of Gestalt theory have survived under various names and are still

Carl F. Graumann

1989-01-01

275

Teaching Psychology in Estonia.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the experience of teaching psychology at Tartu University and Tallinn Pedagogical University in Estonia. Discusses the lessons learned by teaching in Estonia and applies those lessons to teaching psychology in the United States, focusing on the benefits teachers reap when they become more aware of themselves and their audiences. (CMK)

White, Lawrence T.; Ransdell, Sarah

2000-01-01

276

Foundations of Phenomenological Psychology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Phenomenology, hermeneutics and experiential psychology form the backbone of an emerging paradigm within psychology known as human science. Human science's use of phenomenology provides a way to set aside the naturalistic presupposition and directly study the irreducible involvement of human existence within a meaningful world, as it is given in…

Aanstoos, Christopher M.

277

Online Psychology Laboratory (OPL)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Online Psychology Laboratory (OPL) consists of (1) highly interactive, web-deliverable psychology experiments and demonstrations, (2) a cumulative data archive from which students can retrieve datasets for analysis, and (3) user-controlled data extraction and analysis tools designed for the diverse needs of end users. One of the goals of the collection is to offer support for student research and educators who are not adept in experimental design and data analysis. Psychology students will be able to collect data, analyze data, and report their findings for class assignments or individual projects. Because psychology is allied to many disciplines--biology, sociology, and political science among them--OPL will contribute to the set of experiments available to students who wish to study psychologically-based issues in related scientific disciplines.

2006-03-08

278

Avian psychology and communication.  

PubMed Central

The evolution of animal communication is a complex issue and one that attracts much research and debate. 'Receiver psychology' has been highlighted as a potential selective force, and we review how avian psychological processes and biases can influence the evolution and design of signals as well as the progress that has been made in testing these ideas in behavioural studies. Interestingly, although birds are a focal group for experimental psychologists and behavioural ecologists alike, the integration of theoretical ideas from psychology into studies of communication has been relatively slow. However, recent operant experiments are starting to address how birds perceive and respond to complex natural signals in an attempt to answer evolutionary problems in communication. This review outlines how a psychological approach to understanding communication is useful, and we hope that it stimulates further research addressing the role of psychological mechanisms in signal evolution.

Rowe, Candy; Skelhorn, John

2004-01-01

279

The abnormal nucleus as a cause of congenital facial palsy  

PubMed Central

BACKGROUND—Congenital facial palsy (CFP) is clinically defined as facial palsy present at birth. It is associated with considerable disfigurement and causes functional and emotional problems for the affected child. The aetiology of the majority of cases however, remains elusive.?AIMS—To investigate the role of a neuroanatomical abnormality as a cause of unilateral CFP.?METHODS—Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans were performed on 21 patients with unilateral CFP. Fifteen patients had unilateral CFP only; six suffered from syndromes which can include unilateral CFP.?RESULTS—Of the 15 patients with unilateral CFP only, four (27%) had an abnormal nucleus or an abnormal weighting of this area on the MRI scan, compared to one (17%) of the remaining six patients.?CONCLUSION—Developmental abnormalities of the facial nucleus itself constitute an important, and previously ignored, cause of monosymptomatic unilateral CFP.??

Jemec, B.; Grobbelaar, A.; Harrison, D.

2000-01-01

280

Four Social Psychological Lenses for Developmental Psychology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

How can the advances of social and developmental psychology be integrated? This conceptual paper proposes to examine four basic theoretical models of social situations through which learning and development have been observed in the post-piagetian tradition: the psychosocial triangle, the frame, models of transfer and transitions, and models…

Zittoun, Tania; Perret-Clermont, Anne-Nelly

2009-01-01

281

Community Responses and Perceived Barriers to Responding to Child Maltreatment  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although child maltreatment has important effects on physical and psychological health, even serious cases often go unreported. Little is known about actions that individuals take when they know of an abused child, factors influencing whether they take action, or general population beliefs about how best to prevent maltreatment. A random-digit-dialed telephone survey of 504 Washington State civilian, English-speaking adults living

Lillian Bensley; Katrina Wynkoop Simmons; Deborah Ruggles; Tammy Putvin; Cynthia Harris; Melissa Allen; Kathy Williams

2004-01-01

282

Liver abnormalities in pregnancy.  

PubMed

Abnormalities of liver function (notably rise in alkaline phosphatase and fall in serum albumin) are common in normal pregnancy, whereas rise in serum bilirubin and aminotransferase suggest either exacerbation of underlying pre-existing liver disease, liver disease related to pregnancy or liver disease unrelated to pregnancy. Pregnant women appear to have a worse outcome when infected with Hepatitis E virus. Liver diseases associated with pregnancy include abnormalities associated hyperemesis gravidarum, acute fatty liver disease, pre-eclampsia, cholestasis of pregnancy and HELLP syndrome. Prompt investigation and diagnosis is important in ensuring a successful maternal and foetal outcome. In general, prompt delivery is the treatment of choice for acute fatty liver, pre-eclampsia and HELLP syndrome and ursodeoxycholic acid is used for cholestasis of pregnancy although it is not licenced for this indication. PMID:24090943

Than, Nwe Ni; Neuberger, James

2013-08-01

283

Sensory abnormalities in autism. A brief report.  

PubMed

Sensory abnormalities were assessed in a population-based group of 208 20-54-month-old children, diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and referred to a specialized habilitation centre for early intervention. The children were subgrouped based upon degree of autistic symptoms and cognitive level by a research team at the centre. Parents were interviewed systematically about any abnormal sensory reactions in the child. In the whole group, pain and hearing were the most commonly affected modalities. Children in the most typical autism subgroup (nuclear autism with no learning disability) had the highest number of affected modalities. The children who were classified in an "autistic features" subgroup had the lowest number of affected modalities. There were no group differences in number of affected sensory modalities between groups of different cognitive levels or level of expressive speech. The findings provide support for the notion that sensory abnormality is very common in young children with autism. This symptom has been proposed for inclusion among the diagnostic criteria for ASD in the upcoming DSM-V. PMID:21111574

Klintwall, Lars; Holm, Anette; Eriksson, Mats; Carlsson, Lotta Höglund; Olsson, Martina Barnevik; Hedvall, Asa; Gillberg, Christopher; Fernell, Elisabeth

2011-01-01

284

Nine years after child sexual abuse  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: During 1988–1990, 103 children presented to Child Protection Units (CPU) at two children’s hospitals in Sydney, Australia. Nine years later, the psychological adjustment of these young people (mean age=19.1 years, SD=3.4 years; range=14–25 years) was compared with that of non-abused young people of similar age and gender to assess group differences and examine potential risk factors.Method: At intake, data

Heather Y Swanston; Angela M Plunkett; Brian I O’Toole; Sandra Shrimpton; Patrick N Parkinson; R. Kim Oates

2003-01-01

285

Abnormal White Matter Integrity in Adolescents with Internet Addiction Disorder: A Tract-Based Spatial Statistics Study  

PubMed Central

Background Internet addiction disorder (IAD) is currently becoming a serious mental health issue around the globe. Previous studies regarding IAD were mainly focused on associated psychological examinations. However, there are few studies on brain structure and function about IAD. In this study, we used diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) to investigate white matter integrity in adolescents with IAD. Methodology/Principal Findings Seventeen IAD subjects and sixteen healthy controls without IAD participated in this study. Whole brain voxel-wise analysis of fractional anisotropy (FA) was performed by tract-based spatial statistics (TBSS) to localize abnormal white matter regions between groups. TBSS demonstrated that IAD had significantly lower FA than controls throughout the brain, including the orbito-frontal white matter, corpus callosum, cingulum, inferior fronto-occipital fasciculus, and corona radiation, internal and external capsules, while exhibiting no areas of higher FA. Volume-of-interest (VOI) analysis was used to detect changes of diffusivity indices in the regions showing FA abnormalities. In most VOIs, FA reductions were caused by an increase in radial diffusivity while no changes in axial diffusivity. Correlation analysis was performed to assess the relationship between FA and behavioral measures within the IAD group. Significantly negative correlations were found between FA values in the left genu of the corpus callosum and the Screen for Child Anxiety Related Emotional Disorders, and between FA values in the left external capsule and the Young's Internet addiction scale. Conclusions Our findings suggest that IAD demonstrated widespread reductions of FA in major white matter pathways and such abnormal white matter structure may be linked to some behavioral impairments. In addition, white matter integrity may serve as a potential new treatment target and FA may be as a qualified biomarker to understand the underlying neural mechanisms of injury or to assess the effectiveness of specific early interventions in IAD.

Qin, Lindi; Zhao, Zhimin; Xu, Jianrong; Lei, Hao

2012-01-01

286

Child Maltreatment History among Newlywed Couples: A Longitudinal Study of Marital Outcomes and Mediating Pathways  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Participants included 202 newlywed couples who reported retrospectively about child maltreatment experiences (sexual abuse, physical abuse, psychological abuse, and neglect) and whose marital functioning was assessed 3 times over a 2-year period. Decreased marital satisfaction at T1 was predicted by childhood physical abuse, psychological abuse,…

DiLillo, David; Peugh, James; Walsh, Kate; Panuzio, Jillian; Trask, Emily; Evans, Sarah

2009-01-01

287

Children's reports of parental child-rearing behavior at five grade levels  

Microsoft Academic Search

Completed the revised Child's Report of Parental Behavior Inventory for each parent by 635 children in Grades 4-8 in 5 working-class Catholic schools. Factor analyses reports of maternal and paternal behaviors yielded the same 3 factors as earlier studies: acceptance vs. rejection, psychological autonomy vs. psychological control, and firm vs. lax control. Factor scores were subjected to analyses of variance.

James A. Armentrout; Gary K. Burger

1972-01-01

288

Trajectories of Adolescent Mother–Grandmother Psychological Conflict During Early Parenting and Children's Problem Behaviors at Age 7  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study extends the determinants of parenting model to adolescent mothers by examining how adolescent mother–grandmother psychological conflict and perceptions of infant fussiness from birth through age 2 years relate to children's problem behaviors at age 7. Participants were 181 adolescent mother, child, and grandmother triads living in multigenerational households and recruited at delivery. Psychological conflict was characterized by two

Stacy Buckingham-Howes; Sarah E. Oberlander; Kristen M. Hurley; Shannon Fitzmaurice; Maureen M. Black

2011-01-01

289

A Randomised Controlled Trial to Determine the Effectiveness of an Early Psychological Intervention with Children Involved in Road Traffic Accidents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: To determine whether an early intervention using a psychological debriefing format is effective in preventing psychological distress in child road traffic accident survivors. Design: Randomised controlled trial. Setting: Accident and Emergency Department, Royal United Hospital, Bath. Subjects: 158 children aged 7-18. Follow-up…

Stallard, Paul; Velleman, Richard; Salter, Emma; Howse, Imogen; Yule, William; Taylor, Gordon

2006-01-01

290

Abnormal pressures as hydrodynamic phenomena  

USGS Publications Warehouse

So-called abnormal pressures, subsurface fluid pressures significantly higher or lower than hydrostatic, have excited speculation about their origin since subsurface exploration first encountered them. Two distinct conceptual models for abnormal pressures have gained currency among earth scientists. The static model sees abnormal pressures generally as relict features preserved by a virtual absence of fluid flow over geologic time. The hydrodynamic model instead envisions abnormal pressures as phenomena in which flow usually plays an important role. This paper develops the theoretical framework for abnormal pressures as hydrodynamic phenomena, shows that it explains the manifold occurrences of abnormal pressures, and examines the implications of this approach. -from Author

Neuzil, C. E.

1995-01-01

291

Predicting Students' Performance in Introductory Psychology from their Psychology Misconceptions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Students bring many misconceptions about psychology to the introductory psychology course. We investigated whether scores on a 10-item Knowledge of Psychology Test (adapted from Vaughan, 1977) taken on the first class day were related to final class grades in 11 introductory psychology classes taught by the same instructor at three colleges. A…

Kuhle, Barry X.; Barber, Jessica M.; Bristol, Adam S.

2009-01-01

292

Legal and Social Service Responses to Child Sexual Abuse: A Primer and Discussion of Relevant Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper provides a broad overview of legal and social service responses to child sexual abuse, the overarching legal framework provided by federal legislation, and funding mandates and the unique and shared investigative concerns of law enforcement and child protective service entities. Relevant psychological research is highlighted throughout, including research on investigator training, forensic interviewing techniques, children's suggestibility, jurors' perceptions

Tisha R. A. Wiley

2009-01-01

293

Exploring the Role of Filipino Fathers: Paternal Behaviors and Child Outcomes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using data collected from an urban Southern Visayan province during the Summer of 2006, this study examines a sample of 133 Filipino fathers to consider potential relationships between father behaviors and child outcomes. Increased paternal psychological control predicts increased problematic child outcomes, with sons being more affected than…

Harper, Scott E.

2010-01-01

294

NCCAN Lessons Learned: The Experience of Nine Child Abuse and Neglect Prevention Programs.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Child abuse and neglect is a serious social problem with complex causes and tragic results. Because of the suffering and loss of life it incurs, the costs of treating the resulting physical and psychological trauma, and the linkage of child maltreatment t...

E. A. Quinn J. D. Coats P. L. Halpern A. G. Rosario A. R. Scarbrough

1997-01-01

295

Early Child Maltreatment, Runaway Youths, and Risk of Delinquency and Victimization in Adolescence: A Mediational Model  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article examines whether running away from home mediates the link between child maltreatment and later delinquency and victimization in adolescence. Specifically, the authors tested the hypothesis that childhood physical and psychological abuse increase the risk of a child's running away from home by the time of adolescence. Running away from…

Kim, Min Jung; Tajima, Emiko A.; Herrenkohl, Todd I.; Huang, Bu

2009-01-01

296

Post Doctoral Fellowship to Study the Language Handicapped Child. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A post doctoral fellowship to study the language handicapped child is briefly discussed. The report concludes a year of study during which the author attempts to develop a foundation to bring education and medicine together to meet the challenge of the language handicapped child. The major areas of study - reading, linguistics, and psychology as…

Cavanaugh, James J. A.

297

Perceived Parental Control and Parent–Child Relational Qualities in Chinese Adolescents in Hong Kong  

Microsoft Academic Search

Chinese secondary school students (N = 3,017) were asked to respond to instruments that measure subjective evaluation of parental behavioral control (indexed by parental knowledge, expectation, monitoring, discipline, and demandingness, as well as Chinese parental control attributes), parental psychological control, and parent–child relational qualities (satisfaction with parental control, child's readiness to communicate with the parents, and perceived mutual trust). Results

Daniel T. L. Shek

2005-01-01

298

The idealization of women: its role in the minimization of child sexual abuse by females  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: The aim was to review the literature on female perpetrated child sexual abuse by highlighting how cultural myths about women inhibit recognition of this much hidden phenomenon.Method: Three sections are presented. Part 1 evaluates evidence concerning beliefs about child sexual abuse by women which minimize the problem. Part 2 provides a theoretical account of psychological processes that are hypothesized

Jacquie Hetherton

1999-01-01

299

Predictors of Parent Training Efficacy for Child Externalizing Behavior Problems--A Meta-Analytic Review  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: The differential effectiveness of parent training has led researchers to examine a variety of child, parent, and familial variables that may predict treatment response. Studies have identified a diverse set of child, parent psychological/behavioral and demographic variables that are associated with treatment outcome and dropout.…

Reyno, Sandra M.; McGrath, Patrick J.

2006-01-01

300

Risk Factors for the Perpetration of Child Sexual Abuse: A Review and Meta-Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objectives: Since the late 1980s, there has been a strong theoretical focus on psychological and social influences of perpetration of child sexual abuse. This paper presents the results of a review and meta-analysis of studies examining risk factors for perpetration of child sexual abuse published since 1990. Method: Eighty-nine studies published…

Whitaker, Daniel J.; Le, Brenda; Hanson, R. Karl; Baker, Charlene K.; McMahon, Pam M.; Ryan, Gail; Klein, Alisa; Rice, Deborah Donovan

2008-01-01

301

Attachment Behaviors, Depression, and Anxiety in Nonoffending Mothers of Child Sexual Abuse Victims  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to examine the psychological well-being and attachment behavior of nonoffending mothers of child sexual abuse victims (CSAVs). This topic is significant because it is the mothers who most often provide support for young child victims. Two sets of data on maternal depression, state and trait anxiety, and Ainsworth's maternal attachment behaviors were analyzed. First,

Linda Lewin; Christi Bergin

2001-01-01

302

Legal and Social Service Responses to Child Sexual Abuse: A Primer and Discussion of Relevant Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper provides a broad overview of legal and social service responses to child sexual abuse, the overarching legal framework provided by federal legislation, and funding mandates and the unique and shared investigative concerns of law enforcement and child protective service entities. Relevant psychological research is highlighted throughout,…

Wiley, Tisha R. A.

2009-01-01

303

Methodological Issues and Practical Strategies in Research on Child Maltreatment Victims' Abilities and Experiences as Witnesses  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Scientific studies of child maltreatment victims' memory abilities and court experiences have important legal, psychological, and clinical implications. However, state-of-the-art research on child witnesses is often hindered by methodological challenges. In this paper, we address specific problems investigators may encounter when attempting such…

Chae, Yoojin; Goodman, Gail S.; Bederian-Gardner, Daniel; Lindsay, Adam

2011-01-01

304

Helping Your Child through Early Adolescence -- Helping Your Child Series  

MedlinePLUS

... CHILD'S ACADEMIC SUCCESS Helping Your Child Through Early Adolescence -- Helping Your Child Series PDF (1 MB) For ... Acknowledgements Tips to Help Your Child through Early Adolescence No Child Left Behind < Previous page | ^ Top ^ | Next ...

305

A child with Roberts syndrome.  

PubMed

Roberts syndrome is a genetically determined rare birth defect causing, skeletal deformities, particularly symmetrical limb reduction and craniofacial anomalies. For any child with limb and craniofacial bony malformations, this syndrome should be considered in the differentials. Although this syndrome represents only a small proportion of the total number of individuals with limb deficiency, it is important to be identified in order to give accurate genetic counselling including recurrence risk in siblings and possible prenatal diagnosis. This is the case report of a 22 days old male infant who presented with defective development of all four extremities and craniofacial abnormalities. The overall clinical and radiological features were suggestive of Roberts syndrome. PMID:21777535

Abbas, Rabia; Waqar, Sahar; Ahmad, Tahir Masood; Irfan Waheed, Khawaja Ahmad; Sultan, Tipu; Qureshi, Ahmad Usaid

2011-07-01

306

Status Projections of Lower Social Strata Pre-Adolescents: A Focus on Some Intervening Social Psychological Factors.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A cluster of social psychological variables--academic motivation, self-concept, and significant others influence--as they intervene between other independent variables and the child's status projections, were examined in this study. Data came from an extensive questionnaire survey, conducted in 1969, of 1,412 lower social strata mother-child

Butler, Richard R.; Baird, Andrew W.

307

Psychological Distress Experienced by Parents of Young Children With Congenital Heart Defects: A Comprehensive Review of Literature  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to examine the existing research on the psychological distress experienced by parents whose young children (between the ages of 0 and 5 years old) have a congenital heart defect (CHD). A more detailed understanding of the distress experienced by these parents, including stress associated with the child's age, the severity of the child's diagnosis, and

M. Amber Soulvie; Priti P. Desai; Carmel Parker White; Brittany N. Sullivan

2012-01-01

308

Roentgenologic Abnormalities in Down's Syndrome.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Roentgenograms of 28 patients with Down's syndrome were reviewed with emphasis on all previously reported abnormalities and any possible additional ones. Most of the abnormalities occurred with the same frequency as previously reported, but some less freq...

T. Higuchi W. J. Russell M. Komatsuda S. Neriishi

1968-01-01

309

Darwin and Evolutionary Psychology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Darwin's views on various psychological behaviors were significant. Basing his conclusions on empirical research, he wrote extensively on the phylogeny of behavior, emotional expression, sexual selection, instincts, evolution of morals, ontogeny of behavior, and genetics of behavior. (PS)

Ghiselin, Michael T.

1973-01-01

310

Producing Mentors in Psychology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Identifies the doctoral psychology programs producing the most mentors (identified as dissertation supervisors). Assesses the quality of these programs as rated in past research. Discovers a strong correlation between those programs assigning mentors and those rated highest in quality. (MJP)

Willis, Frank N.; Diebold, Charles T.

1997-01-01

311

American Psychological Association  

MedlinePLUS

... Psychology Topics Addictions ADHD Anger Anxiety Bipolar Disorder Bullying Depression Eating Disorders Emotional Health Ethics Learning & Memory ... ADHD Aging Alzheimer's Anger Anxiety Autism Bipolar Disorder Bullying Children Death & Dying Depression Disability Eating Disorders Education ...

312

Psychological Interventions in Dermatology  

PubMed Central

The objective of this paper is to introduce and emphasize the importance of psychological interventions for those with dermatological conditions. In keeping with the current literature, the author envisages a two-tier approach in the provision of such psychological interventions. Firstly, most patients with dermatology conditions may not require psychological change. Instead, they could be approached with effective doctor–patient communication skills, within a context of empathy and positive regard. At the second tier, however, based on the clinical interview, some patients may require varying degrees of psychological change in order to better manage their illness. In such a context, a dermatologist with training in psychotherapy would be required. In the absence of such a person, the patient may be referred to a psychologist or another mental health professional trained in psychotherapy.

de Zoysa, Piyanjali

2013-01-01

313

Teaching Educational Psychology  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Based at the Millersville University of Pennsylvania, Teaching Educational Psychology (TEP) is an online, peer-refereed journal that is "devoted to increasing our shared knowledge base about the teaching of educational psychology to a variety of educational constituencies" including administrators, policy-makers, parents, and the public. The journal started publication in 2005 and is published twice a year. Visitors to the site can access all of the back issues of the journal, and they should also take a look at their reviewing guidelines and submission materials. Recent articles include "Using Student Interviews to Understand Theories of Motivation" and "Narrative as a Basis for Teaching Educational Psychology" Moving on, the site also includes links to related educational psychology sites and a list of reviewers.

314

Operational Psychology Perspective  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This slide presentation reviews the history of long duration spaceflight, and the changes in the International Space Station crew and the effect that this has had on the psychology of astronaut selection and training.

Holland, Al

2009-01-01

315

Monitor on Psychology  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Published eleven times a year by the American Psychological Association, the Monitor on Psychology contains a number of helpful pieces for those persons interested in the broad field of psychology, and for those who may be thinking about going into the field as well. Each month features a number of helpful features, including a commentary from the APA's president, an update on psychology and public policy, discussion of ethical practices, and an editorial from a working professional in the field. Each month the publication also contains a number of extended articles on such topics as personality disorders, the importance of psychologists' in troubled schools, and the role of psychologists in homeland security. Visitors to the site also have access to an archive of previous issues that stretches back to January 1998.

316

Teaching Clinical Psychology  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Teaching Clinical Psychology, created by Dr. John Suler of Rider University, is devoted to �sharing ideas and resources for teaching clinical psychology.� Helpful for students and educators in the fields of mental health and human services counseling, this site contains practical in-class exercises, such as an exercise which illustrates what it is like to share secrets with strangers, and syllabi for courses in the clinical psychology curriculum. There are also larger projects for students, including an in-depth analysis of a psychotherapy case study and a role-play project which has students administer, score, and interpret a series of psychological tests given to a classmate.

Suler, John R., 1955-

2006-12-02

317

What Is Forensic Psychology, Anyway?  

Microsoft Academic Search

The issue of how “forensic psychology” is defined has taken on a new urgency in the context of an application to have forensic psychology designated a “specialty” by the American Psychological Association. To provide a historical perspective, I briefly review early attempts to apply psychological concepts to legal issues, beginning with the McNaughten trial in England in 1843. I then

John C. Brigham

1999-01-01

318

School Psychology in Saudi Arabia.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews status of school psychology in Saudi Arabia. Describes rapidity of social change in Saudi Arabia, Saudi system of education, school psychology services, administration, training facilities, and school psychology's contributions to Saudi society. Presents plan for future development of school psychology and describes challenges confronting…

el Sendiony, M. F. M.; And Others

1987-01-01

319

The Proper Study of Psychology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Varying aspects of the study of psychology are discussed focusing on the shortcomings of the traditional definition of psychology as the study of behavior. Effects of cognitive, experimental, and applied psychology are examined, and a general concept of psychology as the study of the mind and mental processes is advanced. (BH)

Heim, Alice

1979-01-01

320

Epilepsy and chromosomal abnormalities  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background  Many chromosomal abnormalities are associated with Central Nervous System (CNS) malformations and other neurological alterations,\\u000a among which seizures and epilepsy. Some of these show a peculiar epileptic and EEG pattern. We describe some epileptic syndromes\\u000a frequently reported in chromosomal disorders.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Methods  Detailed clinical assessment, electrophysiological studies, survey of the literature.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Results  In some of these congenital syndromes the clinical presentation and EEG

Giovanni Sorge; Anna Sorge

2010-01-01

321

Child care subsidies, maternal health, and child-parent interactions: evidence from three nationally representative datasets.  

PubMed

A complete account of the US child care subsidy system requires an understanding of its implications for both parental and child well-being. Although the effects of child care subsidies on maternal employment and child development have been recently studied, many other dimensions of family well-being have received little attention. This paper attempts to fill this gap by examining the impact of child care subsidy receipt on maternal health and the quality of child-parent interactions. The empirical analyses use data from three nationally representative surveys, providing access to numerous measures of family well-being. In addition, we attempt to handle the possibility of non-random selection into subsidy receipt by using several identification strategies both within and across the surveys. Our results consistently indicate that child care subsidies are associated with worse maternal health and poorer interactions between parents and their children. In particular, subsidized mothers report lower levels of overall health and are more likely to show symptoms consistent with anxiety, depression, and parenting stress. Such mothers also reveal more psychological and physical aggression toward their children and are more likely to utilize spanking as a disciplinary tool. Together, these findings suggest that work-based public policies aimed at economically disadvantaged mothers may ultimately undermine family well-being. Copyright © 2013 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. PMID:23832797

Herbst, Chris M; Tekin, Erdal

2014-08-01

322

The Lack of Representation of Educational Psychology and School Psychology in Introductory Psychology Textbooks  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The first goal of this study was to look at the representation of educational and school psychology in introductory psychology textbooks. Research into the representation of other sub-fields of psychology has been conducted but no research has looked specifically at educational or school psychology. The second goal was to compare the…

Lucas, Jennifer L.; Blazek, Melissa A.; Raley, Amber B.; Washington, Christi

2005-01-01

323

"Idiopathic" mental retardation and new chromosomal abnormalities  

PubMed Central

Mental retardation is a heterogeneous condition, affecting 1-3% of general population. In the last few years, several emerging clinical entities have been described, due to the advent of newest genetic techniques, such as array Comparative Genomic Hybridization. The detection of cryptic microdeletion/microduplication abnormalities has allowed genotype-phenotype correlations, delineating recognizable syndromic conditions that are herein reviewed. With the aim to provide to Paediatricians a combined clinical and genetic approach to the child with cognitive impairment, a practical diagnostic algorithm is also illustrated. The use of microarray platforms has further reduced the percentage of "idiopathic" forms of mental retardation, previously accounted for about half of total cases. We discussed the putative pathways at the basis of remaining "pure idiopathic" forms of mental retardation, highlighting possible environmental and epigenetic mechanisms as causes of altered cognition.

2010-01-01

324

Leasing Commercial Space for Your Child Care Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Covers leasing of commercial space for child care centers, either as an enhancement to a developer's project or on a commercial basis in competition with other types of commercial development. Discusses different negotiating psychologies and key negotiating points to be used in each leasing situation. (NH)

Stephens, Keith

1987-01-01

325

Parenting during Toddlerhood: Contributions of Parental, Contextual, and Child Characteristics  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present study examines the contribution of parental, contextual, and child characteristics to parenting behavior during toddlerhood in 111 two-parent families with a 17-month-old son (M = 16.9 months, SD = 0.57). Parenting was conceptualized in terms of five dimensions: support, structure, positive discipline, psychological control, and…

Verhoeven, Marjolein; Junger, Marianne; Van Aken, Chantal; Dekovic, Maja; Van Aken, Marcel A. G.

2007-01-01

326

Research on the Long-Term Effects of Child Abuse.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Explores recent quantitative and qualitative studies of the long-term effects of child abuse, specifically, how abuse in childhood affects adulthood. Many studies associate various forms of abuse experienced in childhood with a wide range of psychological, behavioral, and relational problems in adulthood. Articles reviewed may inform marriage and…

Elam, George A.; Kleist, David M.

1999-01-01

327

Child Pornography Offending Seen Through Three Theoretical Lenses  

Microsoft Academic Search

Understanding the complex issues surrounding child pornography offending is still in its infancy, and questions regarding the etiological underpinnings of sexually deviant interests and behaviors for these offenders remain both salient and unanswered. This article considers these questions through the lenses of three psychological theories of behavior: (1) social learning theory, (2) courtship disorder theory, and (3) behavioral economics. The

Sandy Jung; Liam Ennis; L. Alvin Malesky Jr

2012-01-01

328

The Role of Temperament in the Etiology of Child Psychopathology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A substantial proportion of children and adolescents come to suffer from psychological disorders. This article focuses on the temperament factors that are involved in the pathogenesis of child psychopathology. It is argued that besides the reactive temperament factor of emotionality/neuroticism, the regulative process of effortful control also…

Muris, Peter; Ollendick, Thomas H.

2005-01-01

329

Diagnosing a Learning Disability in a Hearing-Impaired Child.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents a case study that used an interdisciplinary diagnostic approach to determine whether a hearing-impaired nine-year-old child had a learning disability and to determine the type of disability. The assessment included medical examination, gross and fine motor skills, psychological functioning, mental processing and achievement,…

Plapinger, Donald; Sikora, Darryn

1990-01-01

330

Understanding Burnout in Child and Youth Care Workers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Burnout is a major concern in human service occupations as it has been linked to turnover, absenteeism, a reduction in the quality of services, numerous physical and psychological disorders, and a disruption in interpersonal relations (Maslach et al. "2001"). Child and youth care workers are especially susceptible to burnout as the inherent…

Barford, Sean W.; Whelton, William J.

2010-01-01

331

Child Abuse and Depression in Iranian Students: An Empirical Investigation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Child abuse and neglect (CA&N), as a social and psychological phenomenon, represents a major area of concern internationally. This study examined the prevalence and self-reported effects of CA&N in Iran through a descriptive investigation of high school students' experiences. A sample consisting of 2,240 high school students representing 5…

Mousavi, Mahnaz Nowroozi; Rogers, James R.

332

The Child Well-Being Scales: A Field Trial.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Seventeen of the Child Well-Being Scales were used as measures of the physical and psychological care of children. Comparisons between neglectful families and low-income control families yielded predicted differences. Composite indices showed good internal consistency. Concurrent validity was supported. Scales reliably classified neglectful and…

Gaudin, James M. Jr.; And Others

1992-01-01

333

G. Stanley Hall, Child Study, and the Teaching of Geography  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

G. Stanley Hall (1844-1924), founding president of Clark University, was a leader in the child study movement and a significant figure in psychology and education in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. Hall had pronounced opinions on many educational subjects, including the teaching of geography. His criticisms and program for the…

Koelsch, William A.

2002-01-01

334

Intervention for a bilingual child with developmental speech problems  

Microsoft Academic Search

Cultural differences and bilingualism should not stand as obstacles in the intellectual and linguistic growth, as well as the social and the psychological potential, of bilingual children. So, the aim of the present study was the construction and the application of an intervention programme for the developmental speech problems of a bilingual, eight?year?old child. Moreover, the intervention intended for the

Sotiria Tzivinikou

2004-01-01

335

Quantum Logic: Approach a Child's Environment from "Inside."  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

With the advent of quantum mechanics, physics has merged with psychology, and cognitive science has been revolutionized. Quantum logic supports the notion of influencing the environment by increasing the child's capacity for cognitive processing. This special educational approach is theoretically more effective than social and political…

Rhodes, William C.

1987-01-01

336

THE DIFFICULT CHILD.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

THIS BOOK CONSISTS OF 16 ESSAYS BY SPECIALISTS ON PROBLEMS WHICH MAY MAKE A CHILD DIFFICULT. EACH AUTHOR DISCUSSES ETIOLOGICAL FACTORS, CHARACTERISTICS, AND HOW DIFFICULTIES MAY BE REDUCED. THE FOLLOWING TOPICS ARE CONSIDERED--(1) "THE CREATIVE CHILD" BY E.P. TORRANCE, (2) "THE INATTENTIVE CHILD" BY I.W. SCHERER, (3) "THE CHILD WITH LANGUAGE…

ROUCEK, JOSEPH S.

337

Keeping Your Child Active  

MedlinePLUS

... than sitting still, it’s best to limit these video games when you limit your child’s screen time. Encourage your child to dance, bowl, ... sports in real life, not just in a video game. Another way to include physical ... time is to encourage your child to be active while watching a TV show ...

338

Child Care Bulletin, 1995.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document consists of the 1995 issues of the Child Care Bulletin, a bimonthly publication of the National Child Care Information Center. The January-February issue focuses on child health and safety. Topics discussed include promoting health and safety in child care, and the earned income tax credit. The March-April issue focuses on school-age…

McGhee, Marilyn, Ed.

1995-01-01

339

Child Support Report, 2002.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document comprises the 12 issues for 2002 of the Child Support Report, which explores problems related to child support enforcement, reports on federal and state government child support enforcement initiatives, and summarizes research related to child support. Featured regularly are editorials and information on events of interest and…

Sharman, Phil, Ed.

2002-01-01

340

Child Support Report, 2000.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document comprises the 12 issues for 2000 of the "Child Support Report," which explores problems related to child support enforcement, reports on federal and state government child support enforcement initiatives, and summarizes research related to child support. Featured regularly are editorials and information on events of interest and…

Sharman, Phil, Ed.

2000-01-01

341

Child Support Report, 1999.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document comprises the 12 issues for 1999 of the "Child Support Report," which explores problems related to child support enforcement, reports on federal and state government child support enforcement initiatives, and summarizes research related to child support. Editorials and information on events and conferences of interest and funding…

Sharman, Phil, Ed.

1999-01-01

342

Toward Greater Specificity in Identifying Associations among Interparental Aggression, Child Emotional Reactivity to Conflict, and Child Problems  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined specific forms of emotional reactivity to conflict and temperamental emotionality as explanatory mechanisms in pathways among interparental aggression and child psychological problems. Participants of the multimethod, longitudinal study included 201 two-year-old children and their mothers who had experienced elevated violence…

Davies, Patrick T.; Cicchetti, Dante; Martin, Meredith J.

2012-01-01

343

Eye movement abnormalities.  

PubMed

Generation and control of eye movements requires the participation of the cortex, basal ganglia, cerebellum and brainstem. The signals of this complex neural network finally converge on the ocular motoneurons of the brainstem. Infarct or hemorrhage at any level of the oculomotor system (though more frequent in the brain-stem) may give rise to a broad spectrum of eye movement abnormalities (EMAs). Consequently, neurologists and particularly stroke neurologists are routinely confronted with EMAs, some of which may be overlooked in the acute stroke setting and others that, when recognized, may have a high localizing value. The most complex EMAs are due to midbrain stroke. Horizontal gaze disorders, some of them manifesting unusual patterns, may occur in pontine stroke. Distinct varieties of nystagmus occur in cerebellar and medullary stroke. This review summarizes the most representative EMAs from the supratentorial level to the brainstem. PMID:22377853

Moncayo, Jorge; Bogousslavsky, Julien

2012-01-01

344

Proceedings of the Ninth Annual Meeting of the American Psychological Association, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD., December, 1900  

Microsoft Academic Search

Reports proceedings of the 9th annual APA meeting, held in affiliation with the American Society of Naturalists. Of the papers read, abstracts are provided for: currents and undercurrents in psychology; habit formation and memory in invertebrates and lower vertebrates; frontal lobes and associations; influence of special training on general ability; psychological tests of abnormal and exceptional individuals; volition and experiment;

Livingstone Farrand

1901-01-01

345

[Ibn Sina--psychology and psychological disorders].  

PubMed

Ebu Ali Husein Ibn Ali Ibn Sina (or Avicenna) was primarily a philosopher with amusing knowledge, who dealt in all aspects of art of medicine, astronomer, poet, musician and psychologist. This giant with an encyclopedic knowledge has dealt in almost all scientific branches or praxis with the great success. Numerous statements of his have been cornerstone of many sciences for centuries; and some of them are (in the era of computers and Internet) still current. The best known treatise on medicine of his is El-Kanun, consisting of five volumes, wherein all medical achievements (including psychology, psychiatry and neurology) of that period were described clearly. In his psychology, Ibn Sina (Avicenna) analyses the essence of human soul, mind, psychical streams, intellectum, dreams and prophecy, man's desires etc. in details. It is unnecessary to point out how much these items are actual in the contemporary psychology. Ibn al-Nefis has described systematically the symptoms and recovery of "head sick" (including headaches, cerebral sick like cranitis, letargy, coma, demency, melancholy, insomnia, nightmares, epilepsy, appoplexy, paralysis, spasm and many others) in his Mujez al-Kanun, that is synopsis of Ibn Sina Kanun. We need much time to see magnificance of this philosopher, that is best known as the great one among the physicians. His writings could be found in whole Bosnia, but there were many few that would study him and his works. It is out task to enable the future generations not only to know those works exist, but, also, to realize the essence of this marvelous genius; because there are very few people that can be compared to him. PMID:9324566

Ceri?, I; Mehi?-Basara, N

1997-01-01

346

Child Abuse and Neglect  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Child abuse and neglect represent complex social problems confronting our society today. From 1976, when the first national\\u000a figures for child maltreatment were generated, to the most recent period, child maltreatment reports have been increasing\\u000a steadily. In 1992, child protective service agencies received an estimated 1.9 million reports of child abuse and neglect\\u000a involving an estimated 2.9 million children. Maltreatment

Cathy Spatz Widom

347

American Psychological Society: Teaching Resources  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Teachers of psychology looking for high-quality resources to augment their students' classroom experience need look no further than this collection of online materials. Compiled by the American Psychological Society, the links are divided into topical sections that include health psychology, statistics, clinical psychology, research methods, and a dozen other topics. Visitors to the site will find links that lead to course materials for an introductory class on physiological psychology and a set of materials on educational psychology from Miami University. Finally, the site is rounded out by a very extensive section on statistics, including links to several online statistics glossaries and calculators.

348

Psychological factors in asthma.  

PubMed

: Asthma has long been considered a condition in which psychological factors have a role. As in many illnesses, psychological variables may affect outcome in asthma via their effects on treatment adherence and symptom reporting. Emerging evidence suggests that the relation between asthma and psychological factors may be more complex than that, however. Central cognitive processes may influence not only the interpretation of asthma symptoms but also the manifestation of measurable changes in immune and physiologic markers of asthma. Furthermore, asthma and major depressive disorder share several risk factors and have similar patterns of dysregulation in key biologic systems, including the neuroendocrine stress response, cytokines, and neuropeptides. Despite the evidence that depression is common in people with asthma and exerts a negative impact on outcome, few treatment studies have examined whether improving symptoms of depression do, in fact, result in better control of asthma symptoms or improved quality of life in patients with asthma. PMID:20525122

Van Lieshout, Ryan J; Macqueen, Glenda

2008-03-15

349

Gender and Psychological Essentialism  

PubMed Central

SUMMARY When individuals reason in an essentialist way about social categories, they assume that group differences reflect inherently different natures (Gelman, 2003; Rothbart & Taylor, 1992). This paper describes the psychological and social implications of essentialist beliefs, and examines the extent to which children exhibit psychological essentialism when reasoning about gender. The authors discuss reasons young children as well as older children show essentialist reasoning in some contexts, but not in others. Finally, the authors suggest directions for future research, and discuss a primary challenge to many working in this field: reduction of rigid gender beliefs.

Heyman, Gail D.; Giles, Jessica W.

2010-01-01

350

Introduction to Psychology  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Psychology is a vast and complex area of inquiry, and students entering the field may be confounded by the number of subfields within the discipline. Professor Russell A. Dewey of Georgia Southern University has created this fine online introductory textbook that covers everything from states of consciousness to social psychology. The online text includes sixteen chapters, and each chapter contains a number of parts that break each topic into smaller subtopics. The text is well-written and it draws on a number of examples and well-known experiments that will keep readers engaged. The site is rounded out by the inclusion of Professor Dewey's contact information and links to additional resources.

Dewey, Russell A.

2007-09-03

351

Social Construction: Vistas in Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We explore here the potentials of a social constructionist orientation to knowledge for research and clinical practice. Dialogues on social construction emphasize the communal origins of knowledge. They stress the cultural basis of knowledge claims, the significance of language, the value saturation of all knowledge, and the significance of…

Gergen, Kenneth J.; Lightfoot, Cynthia; Sydow, Lisa

2004-01-01

352

Darwin's Intertextual Baby: Erasmus Darwin as Precursor in Child Psychology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Notes that Charles Darwin's observations on babies are not examples of data collected to test hypotheses. Draws from Bakhtin to argue that they extend and vary existing modes of discourse, primarily debates about the place of instinct in language acquisition, traceable to his grandfather, Erasmus Darwin. Concludes that the significance of Darwin's…

Bradley, Ben S.

1994-01-01

353

Clinical psychology and evolutionary psychology: Toward a dialogue  

Microsoft Academic Search

The growth of evolutionary psychology as a theoretical framework for the study of human behavior has been spectacular. However, evolutionary psychology has been largely ignored by clinical psychology. This article is an attempt to encourage greater dialogue between the two. First, some of the major principles of evolutionary psychol- ogy are outlined, followed by consideration of some of the criticisms

Richard J. Siegert; Tony Ward

2002-01-01

354

The Representation of Applied Psychology Areas in Introductory Psychology Textbooks  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many psychology majors indicate helping others as a reason for majoring in psychology, yet many enter positions not closely related to the field. This discrepancy may be due to a lack of student knowledge of the applied areas of psychology. The purpose of this study was to investigate the coverage of clinical, counseling,…

Haselhuhn, Charlotte W.; Clopton, Kerri L.

2008-01-01

355

Experiences of Psychological and Physical Aggression in Adolescent Romantic Relationships: Links to Psychological Distress  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: This research examined links between adolescents' experiences of psychological and physical relationship aggression and their psychological distress. Experiences of psychological and physical aggression were expected to correlate positively with symptoms of psychological distress, but experiences of psychological aggression were…

Jouriles, Ernest N.; Garrido, Edward; Rosenfield, David; McDonald, Renee

2009-01-01

356

Evaluation of nail abnormalities.  

PubMed

Knowledge of the anatomy and function of the nail apparatus is essential when performing the physical examination. Inspection may reveal localized nail abnormalities that should be treated, or may provide clues to an underlying systemic disease that requires further workup. Excessive keratinaceous material under the nail bed in a distal and lateral distribution should prompt an evaluation for onychomycosis. Onychomycosis may be diagnosed through potassium hydroxide examination of scrapings. If potassium hydroxide testing is negative for the condition, a nail culture or nail plate biopsy should be performed. A proliferating, erythematous, disruptive mass in the nail bed should be carefully evaluated for underlying squamous cell carcinoma. Longitudinal melanonychia (vertical nail bands) must be differentiated from subungual melanomas, which account for 50 percent of melanomas in persons with dark skin. Dystrophic longitudinal ridges and subungual hematomas are local conditions caused by trauma. Edema and erythema of the proximal and lateral nail folds are hallmark features of acute and chronic paronychia. Clubbing may suggest an underlying disease such as cirrhosis, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, or celiac sprue. Koilonychia (spoon nail) is commonly associated with iron deficiency anemia. Splinter hemorrhages may herald endocarditis, although other causes should be considered. Beau lines can mark the onset of a severe underlying illness, whereas Muehrcke lines are associated with hypoalbuminemia. A pincer nail deformity is inherited or acquired and can be associated with beta-blocker use, psoriasis, onychomycosis, tumors of the nail apparatus, systemic lupus erythematosus, Kawasaki disease, and malignancy. PMID:22534387

Tully, Amber S; Trayes, Kathryn P; Studdiford, James S

2012-04-15

357

The inclusion of fathers in the empirical investigation of child psychopathology: an update.  

PubMed

This investigation provides an update on the inclusion of fathers in child psychopathology research. Articles published from January 1992 to January 2005 that examined parental contributions to child psychological maladjustment were identified. Each article was coded for child age, parental race, how parent gender was analyzed, type of journal, and year of publication. Overall, results replicated previous reviews (Phares & Compas, 1992), suggesting that fathers continue to be neglected in child psychopathology research. Further analyses revealed (a) higher rates of paternal research involvement as child age increased, (b) studies with a predominantly Caucasian sample included separate analyses for mothers and fathers more frequently than those with predominantly African American samples, (c) paternal research inclusion was higher in clinical compared to developmental psychology journals, and (d) over the past 6 years, more research has included fathers as participants than from the previous 7-year period (1992-1998). PMID:17007604

Cassano, Michael; Adrian, Molly; Veits, Gina; Zeman, Janice

2006-12-01

358

Abnormal femoral origin of the anterior cruciate ligament combined with a discoid lateral meniscus  

Microsoft Academic Search

This is a report on arthroscopic treatment of an abnormal femoral origin of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) in combination with a discoid lateral meniscus in a 3-year-old child. The discoid lateral meniscus was treated by resection of the inner part with punches and by use of the holmium:YAG laser. The abnormal femoral origin of the ACL which was found

Frank F. Hoffmann

1997-01-01

359

Psychological Approaches to Organized Aggression.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In this research note, the psychological aspects of terrorism are examined, the aspects examined are divided into six categories: 1) psychological analyses of terrorists, 2) the nature, timing, and effects of terrorist acts, 3) the behavior of terrorists,...

S. J. Rachman

1987-01-01

360

Psychological Deterrents to Nuclear Theft.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In 1975 the Defense Nuclear Agency (DNA) and the National Bureau of Standards jointly conceived the psychological deterrents project as an on-going review of the unclassified and the classified literature relating to psychological factors that may have im...

G. Lapinsky

1981-01-01

361

APA Educational Psychology Handbook  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The "APA Educational Psychology Handbook" reflects the broad nature of the field today, with state-of-the-science reviews of the diverse critical theories driving research and practice; in-depth investigation of the range of individual differences and cultural/contextual factors that affect student achievement, motivation, and beliefs; and close…

Harris, Karen R., Ed.; Graham, Steve, Ed.; Urdan, Tim, Ed.

2011-01-01

362

Psychology and Health  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article traces the historical development of Canadian medicare and its significant influence on shaping not only the clinical services provided within Canada's public health care system but also its major impact on the nation's overall health research agenda. Particular emphasis is placed on how this has influenced the development and role of psychology in the public health care system.

John L. Arnett

2006-01-01

363

Cycles of Psychological Nigrescence.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Expands the Cross model of psychological Nigrescence to hypothesize the changes in racial identity that a Black person can experience at various points in the life cycle. Describes how various stages of racial identity are manifest at three periods of life: late adolescence/early adulthood, middle adulthood, and late adulthood. (Author/TE)

Parham, Thomas A.

1989-01-01

364

Psychological Adjustment and Homosexuality.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this paper, the diverse literature bearing on the topic of homosexuality and psychological adjustment is critically reviewed and synthesized. The first chapter discusses the most crucial methodological issue in this area, the problem of sampling. The kinds of samples used to date are critically examined, and some suggestions for improved…

Gonsiorek, John C.

365

Psychology of Deafness.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Nine conference papers discuss the psychology of deafness. They include seven papers from the United States: "Deafness: The Interdependent Variable" by M. Vernon and D. A. Rothstein, "The Reliability and Construct Validity of the Self-Concept of Academic Ability Scale-Form D for Hearing Impaired Students" by L. M. JOINER, "Studies of the…

World Federation of the Deaf, Rome (Italy).

366

Psychological Aspects of Asthma  

Microsoft Academic Search

Asthma can be affected by stress, anxiety, sadness, and suggestion, as well as by environmental irritants or allergens, exercise, and infection. It also is associated with an elevated prevalence of anxiety and depressive disorders. Asthma and these psychological states and traits may mutually potentiate each other through direct psychophysiological mediation, nonadherence to medical regimen, exposure to asthma triggers, and inaccuracy

Paul Lehrer; Jonathan Feldman; Nicholas Giardino; Hye-Sue Song; Karen Schmaling

2002-01-01

367

The Psychology of Channeling.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Theoretically analyzes phenomenon of channeling from perspective of C. G. Jung's analytic psychology. Hypothesizes that contact with otherworldly spiritual beings claimed by channelers is actually projected contact with contents of channeler's own unconscious mind. Suggests that channelers seek more constructive ways of contacting their…

Corey, Michael A.

1988-01-01

368

Civility and Psychology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Media in the '70s stressed the importance of self and popularized psychology. Amidst self-help best sellers, encounter sessions, and special interest groups, the author asks, "What has happened to civility?" and "Can a culture without civility call itself civilized?" Condensed and reprinted from "Daedalus," Summer 1980. (Editor)

Coles, Robert

1981-01-01

369

Evolutionary Developmental Psychology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes evolutionary developmental psychology as the study of the genetic and ecological mechanisms that govern the development of social and cognitive competencies common to all human beings and the epigenetic (gene-environment interactions) processes that adapt these competencies to local conditions. Outlines basic assumptions and domains of…

Geary, David C.; Bjorklund, David F.

2000-01-01

370

Positive Psychology Progress  

Microsoft Academic Search

Positive psychology has flourished in the last 5 years. The authors review recent developments in the field, including books, meetings, courses, and conferences. They also dis- cuss the newly created classification of character strengths and virtues, a positive complement to the various editions of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disor- ders (e. g., American Psychiatric Association, 1994), and

Martin E. P. Seligman; Tracy A. Steen; Christopher Peterson

371

Psychology and Anomalous Observations  

Microsoft Academic Search

Books by psychologists purporting to offer critical reviews of research in parapsychology do not use the scientific standards of discourse prevalent in psychology. Experiments at Maimonides Medical Center on possible extrasensory perception (ESP) in dreams are used to illustrate this point. The experiments have received little or no mention in some reviews to which they are clearly pertinent. In others,

Irvin L. Child

1985-01-01

372

Beyond Positive Psychology?  

PubMed Central

The field of positive psychology rests on the assumption that certain psychological traits and processes are inherently beneficial for well-being. We review evidence that challenges this assumption. First, we review data from 4 independent longitudinal studies of marriage revealing that 4 ostensibly positive processes—forgiveness, optimistic expectations, positive thoughts, and kindness—can either benefit or harm well-being depending on the context in which they operate. Although all 4 processes predicted better relationship well-being among spouses in healthy marriages, they predicted worse relationship well-being in more troubled marriages. Then, we review evidence from other research that reveals that whether ostensibly positive psychological traits and processes benefit or harm well-being depends on the context of various noninterpersonal domains as well. Finally, we conclude by arguing that any movement to promote well-being may be most successful to the extent that it (a) examines the conditions under which the same traits and processes may promote versus threaten well-being, (b) examines both healthy and unhealthy people, (c) examines well-being over substantial periods of time, and (d) avoids labeling psychological traits and processes as positive or negative.

McNulty, James K.; Fincham, Frank D.

2014-01-01

373

Cross-Cultural Psychology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Provides references to the work of cross-cultural psychologists that can be integrated into regular undergraduate psychology courses. Discusses methodological problems, benefits, and difficulties of cross-cultural research. Reviews contributions of this field to the study of perception, cognition, motivation, interpersonal interaction, and group…

Triandis, Harry C.; Brislin, Richard W.

1984-01-01

374

Cross-Cultural Psychology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Cross-Cultural psychology refers to the collective efforts of researchers who work among people who live in different societies, with different languages and different forms of government. There are a number of benefits to the study of human behavior which can be accrued by carrying out research in various cultures, largely concerned with better…

Triandis, Harry C.; Brislin, Richard W.

375

A Psychology of Teaching.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

William James, the turn of the century psychologist, philospher, and educator, was avidly interested in the relationship between psychology and teaching. This paper considers operant conditioning, timing of reinforcers, and programmed instruction--touchstones of B.F. Skinner in the teaching/learning milieu. Of course, materials not just methods…

Pedrini, D. T.; Pedrini, B. C.

376

Color and Psychological Functioning  

Microsoft Academic Search

Color is a ubiquitous perceptual experience, yet little scientific information about the influence of color on affect, cognition, and behavior is available. Accordingly, we have developed a general model of color and psychological functioning, which we present in this article. We also describe a hypothesis derived from this model regarding the influence of red in achievement contexts. In addition, we

Andrew J. Elliot; Markus A. Maier

2007-01-01

377

Space Psychology and Psychiatry  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This book deals with psychological, psychiatric, and psychosocial issues that affect people who live and work in space. Unlike other books that focus on anecdotal reports and ground-based simulation studies, this book emphasizes the findings from psychological research conducted during actual space missions. Both authors have been active in such research. What is presented in this readable text has previously been found only in scientific journal articles. Topics that are discussed include: behavioral adaptation to space; human performance and cognitive effects; crewmember interactions; psychiatric responses; psychological counter-measures related to habitability factors, work-design, selection, training, and in-flight monitoring and support; and the impact of expeditionary missions to Mars and beyond. People finding this book of interest will include: psychology and social science students and professors in universities; medical students and residents in psychiatry and aerospace medicine; human factors workers in space and aviation professions; individuals involved with isolated environments on Earth (e.g., the Antarctic, submarines); aerospace workers in businesses and space agencies such as NASA and ESA; and anyone who is interested in learning the facts about the human side of long-duration space missions. Link: http://www.wkap.nl/prod/b/1-4020-1341-8

Kanas, N.; Manzey, D.

2003-09-01

378

Psychological Autopsies in Court.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The crucial concept for defining suicide is intention. A major purpose of the psychological autopsy is to clarify the pre-mortem intentions of the victim, now deceased. This article reports cases in which the issue of suicide vs. accident came to trial because insurance benefits were at issue. (Author/BL)

Litman, Robert E.

1984-01-01

379

Cognitive psychology as ideology  

Microsoft Academic Search

Presents a critical analysis of some of the major work in cognitive social, personality, and developmental psychology. It is argued that cognitivism, by virtue of the primacy it gives to the individual knower, to subjective determinants of behavior, and to formal cognitive operations, represents a set of values and interests that reproduce and reaffirm the existing nature of the social

Edward E. Sampson

1981-01-01

380

Giftedness and Psychological Type.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Comparison of the psychological types, as measured by the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI), of 966 students at a public residential magnet high school for academically talented students with other gifted and traditional high school students found both magnet school students and gifted students showed a particular MBTI distribution. (DB)

Hawkins, John

1998-01-01

381

Psychologically Correct Race Baiting?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

It is commonplace these days for those with axes to grind to hijack the organs of professional associations with diatribes on pet issues. When the American Psychological Association bestowed one of its most prestigious awards recently, the recipient launched into vitriol about past and continuing mistreatment of minorities to a degree that moved…

Thomas, Kenneth R.; Wubbolding, Robert E.; Jackson, Morris L.

2005-01-01

382

[The spina bifida patient and his family: psychologic and social aspects. 2].  

PubMed

In the second part of the present work the data which was obtained through questionnaires and interviews with 130 families with children affected by spina bifida is presented. Presented first are the immediate sociopsychological aspects of the family when they are informed about the malformation, the derived psychological effects and the preoccupations relating to the life of their child. Then the aspects of the successive social and psychological problems of these parents are presented, and finally the expectations and demands of the same parents following the psychological operations carried out at the centre to the benefit of the children and their families. PMID:6359078

Cracco, A; Valli, F

1983-01-01

383

Psychological Research in Six Italian Institutions.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report summarizes liaison visits in the following institutions during October 1967: National Institute of Psychology, Rome; Psychological Institute, University of Naples; Laboratory of Applied Psychology, University of Palermo; Psychological Institute...

H. W. Sinaiko

1968-01-01

384

Contemporary Existentialist Tendencies in Psychology  

Microsoft Academic Search

Modem psychology?s relation to existentialism takes at least three discernible forms. Firstly, theory and practice (particularly in psychotherapy, but also in other areas of psychology) that is directly traceable to philosophers and other writers who are termed ?existentialist.? Secondly, theory and practice that is not traceable in this way, but which raises questions, uses concepts or interprets findings in ways

Stuart Hanscomb

385

Energy Psychology in Disaster Relief  

Microsoft Academic Search

Energy psychology utilizes cognitive operations such as imaginal exposure to traumatic memories or visualization of optimal performance scenarios—combined with physical interventions derived from acupuncture, yoga, and related systems—for inducing psychological change. While a controversial approach, this combination purportedly brings about, with unusual speed and precision, therapeutic shifts in affective, cognitive, and behavioral patterns that underlie a range of psychological concerns.

David Feinstein

2008-01-01

386

A Positive Psychology That Matters  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Major Contribution intended to situate positive psychology in counseling psychology's past and future and in the complex world we live and work in today. The four reactions (Frazier, Lee,& Steger; Gerstein; Linley; Mollen, Ethington,& Ridley) provide new insights into how counseling psychology has and will contribute to the study of human…

Lopez, Shane L.; Magyar-Moe, Jeana L.

2006-01-01

387

Moving Ahead in Professional Psychology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Responds to Holloway and Roehlke's article on counseling psychologists'training by focusing on future directions for counseling psychology. Includes the place of "specialty" designations within psychology, the need for independence among psychology gatekeeping bodies, inclusion of nonpsychology trainees in counseling centers and timing of…

McKinely, Donna L.; Hayes, Maggie

1987-01-01

388

Psychological Sciences Division: 1985 Programs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This booklet describes research carried out under sponsorship of the Psychological Sciences Division of the U.S. Office of Naval Research during Fiscal Year 1985. The booklet is divided into three programmatic research areas: (1) Engineering Psychology; (2) Personnel and Training; and (3) Group Psychology. Each program is described by an overview…

Office of Naval Research, Washington, DC. Psychological Sciences Div.

389

Marketing Sport Psychology Consulting Services  

Microsoft Academic Search

The field of applied sport psychology continues to increase in popularity and offers new and exciting career opportunities. In addition to offering consulting services to athletes, coaches, and teams, applied sport psychology professionals also serve military, dance, and business clients (Lloyd & Foster, 2006). This article outlines a 10-step process that sport psychology professionals can use to successfully market their

F. Wayne Blann; Greg Shelley; Sarah C. Gates

2011-01-01

390

Ethics, Psychology, and Public Policy  

Microsoft Academic Search

An introduction to the Journal of Forensic Psychology's new section on “Ethics, Psychology, and Public Policy,” this essay outlines the contours that characterize the interrelationship between ethics, psychology, and public policy. Offering a broad and inclusive framework for understanding this interrelationship, it lays out and comments upon several spheres of analysis - the practical\\/professional, law, lawmaking, and public policy, justice

Christopher R. Williams

2009-01-01

391

Psychology and Phenomenology: A Clarification  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Controversies are rampant in contemporary psychology concerning the appropriate method for observing consciousness and the role inner experience should play in psychological theorizing. These conflicting orientations reflect, in part, methodological differences between natural science and human science interpretations of psychology. Humanistic…

Kendler, Howard H.

2005-01-01

392

Psychology's Role in Health Care.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This information packet contains eight two- to three-page publications from the American Psychological Association series "Psychological Services for the 21st Century, Psychology's Role in Health Care: Studying Human Behavior; Promoting Health; Saving Health Care Dollars; Providing Mental Health Services." The focus of the series is the connection…

American Psychological Association, Washington, DC.

393

Social Justice and School Psychology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Despite attention in other social sciences and within other areas of psychology, social justice has received minimal attention in school psychology literature. The two studies by Shriberg et al. (2008) and McCabe and Rubinson (2008) represent significant developments in exploring school psychology's commitment to social justice. In this…

Nastasi, Bonnie K.

2008-01-01

394

Indigenisation of Psychology in India  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Academic psychology which made a new beginning in India in the early part of 20th century was modelled on the Western scientific tradition. The teaching of psychology was very much on the British pattern since the colonial rule, whereas the research was mostly an extension of the Western work in India. Psychology went through massive expansion…

Dalal, Ajit K.

2011-01-01

395

Evolutionary Psychology and Intelligence Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article seeks to unify two subfields of psychology that have hitherto stood separately: evolutionary psychology and intelligence research/differential psychology. I suggest that general intelligence may simultaneously be an evolved adaptation and an individual-difference variable. Tooby and Cosmides's (1990a) notion of random quantitative…

Kanazawa, Satoshi

2010-01-01

396

Chromosomal abnormalities and mental illness  

Microsoft Academic Search

Linkage studies of mental illness have provided suggestive evidence of susceptibility loci over many broad chromosomal regions. Pinpointing causative gene mutations by conventional linkage strategies alone is problematic. The breakpoints of chromosomal abnormalities occurring in patients with mental illness may be more direct pointers to the relevant gene locus. Publications that describe patients where chromosomal abnormalities co-exist with mental illness

D J MacIntyre; D H R Blackwood; D J Porteous; B S Pickard; W J Muir

2003-01-01

397

Abnormal pressure in hydrocarbon environments  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Abnormal pressures, pressures above or below hydrostatic pressures, occur on all continents in a wide range of geological conditions. According to a survey of published literature on abnormal pressures, compaction disequilibrium and hydrocarbon generation are the two most commonly cited causes of abnormally high pressure in petroleum provinces. In young (Tertiary) deltaic sequences, compaction disequilibrium is the dominant cause of abnormal pressure. In older (pre-Tertiary) lithified rocks, hydrocarbon generation, aquathermal expansion, and tectonics are most often cited as the causes of abnormal pressure. The association of abnormal pressures with hydrocarbon accumulations is statistically significant. Within abnormally pressured reservoirs, empirical evidence indicates that the bulk of economically recoverable oil and gas occurs in reservoirs with pressure gradients less than 0.75 psi/ft (17.4 kPa/m) and there is very little production potential from reservoirs that exceed 0.85 psi/ft (19.6 kPa/m). Abnormally pressured rocks are also commonly associated with unconventional gas accumulations where the pressuring phase is gas of either a thermal or microbial origin. In underpressured, thermally mature rocks, the affected reservoirs have most often experienced a significant cooling history and probably evolved from an originally overpressured system.

Law, B. E.; Spencer, C. W.

1998-01-01

398

A Statewide Study of the Public Attitudes toward Child Abuse.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A survey of 742 Kentucky adults revealed that they had a good understanding of the characteristics of abused children and child abusers, but a majority considered abusers as abnormal and intractable. Only a third of those aware of instances of child abuse actually reported it to authorities. (Author/JDD)

Dhooper, Surjit Singh; And Others

1991-01-01

399

Directory of Child-to-Child Activities Worldwide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Child-to-Child ideas and activities represent an approach to health education. Not an alternative program but instead a component of other programs, Child-to-Child emphasizes the role of children as partners within families and communities in promoting better health practices and promotes Child-to-Child activities. This booklet describes…

Child-to-Child Trust, London (England). Inst. of Education.

400

How Content and Symbolism in Mother Goose May Contribute to the Development of a Child's Integrated Psyche.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Based on the assumption that the content and symbolism of nursery rhymes reflect the particular needs of those who respond to them, this paper analyzes Mother Goose rhymes in relation to the psychological stages of child development. Each basic need of the child, as defined in Bruno Bettelheim's "The Uses of Enchantment," is applied to specific…

Abrams, Joan

401

Children's Needs: Psychological Perspectives.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This monograph was written as a reference for practitioners who need an authoritative source of information on a wide variety of topics beyond the classroom and the child's own personal characteristics that influence school success. Included are 93 separate chapters, written by a diverse group of school psychologists and arranged alphabetically…

Thomas, Alex, Ed.; Grimes, Jeff, Ed.

402

Surviving Your Child's Suicide  

MedlinePLUS

... Credit Card Contact Us Donate Surviving Your Child's Suicide The suicide of a child of any age ... whose children have taken their own lives. After Suicide Feelings of shock, denial, guilt, anger and depression ...

403

Child Behavior Disorders  

MedlinePLUS

... a death in the family may cause a child to act out. Behavior disorders are more serious. ... The behavior is also not appropriate for the child's age. Warning signs can include Harming or threatening ...

404

FPG Child Development Institute  

MedlinePLUS

... 2014 FPG Works to Improve Child Addiction and Mental Health Outcomes in Canada June 26, 2014 Project CONNECT ... Porter Graham Child Development Institute The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill CB 8180, ...

405

Child Health USA 2013  

MedlinePLUS

... and Behaviors Health Services Utilization Programs and Policies Child Health USA 2013 This Web site has been produced as an online version of the data book, Child Health USA 2013, published by the U.S. Department of ...

406

Child Care Center Operations.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Purpose. To provide policy and guidance for the operation of all child care programs in order to ensure a healthy, safe environment and to promote quality child care on naval installations. Summary of Revisions: (a) Provides guidance in developing program...

1984-01-01

407

Telepsychiatry and Your Child  

MedlinePLUS

... by the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and by the American Telemedicine Association. Will my ... that there are no available child and adolescent psychiatry resources in the area, and that telepsychiatry is ...

408

Child Maltreatment, 2011.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

All 50 States, the District of Columbia, and the U.S. Territories have mandatory child abuse and neglect reporting laws that require certain professionals and institutions to report suspected maltreatment to a child protective services (CPS) agency. Each ...

2011-01-01

409

Child Maltreatment, 2010.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

All 50 States, the District of Columbia, and the U.S. Territories have mandatory child abuse and neglect reporting laws that require certain professionals and institutions to report suspected maltreatment to a child protective services (CPS) agency. Each ...

2010-01-01

410

Mother-Child Planning and Child Compliance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated child compliance and maternal instruction during planning. Based on the Child Behavior Checklist and free-play observations, 40 mothers and their 4- to 5-year-old children were assigned to a group with children who behaved within the normal range of compliance (n = 20) or a group with children with high rates of…

Gauvain, Mary; Perez, Susan M.

2008-01-01

411

Child-to-Child programme in Malaysia.  

PubMed

Even though Malaysia is a relatively prosperous country amongst the developing nations, it is still be set by problems of a rapidly increasing population. The economic cake is also unevenly distributed and there are pockets of poverty in the slums surrounding the towns as well as in the rural areas. Added to that is the problem of ignorance and superstition especially amongst its adult population. It is due to these problems that the Child-to-Child programme has found special application in Malaysia. The Child-to-Child has been introduced through either the government agencies or the voluntary organizations. Through the Ministry of Education, the concept has found its ways through the schools and the state department of education. The Ministry of Information and Broadcasting has also introduced the concept of Child-to-Child in the media. The voluntary organizations have also introduced the concept of Child-to-Child in their projects. The Sang Kancil project has to some extent used the idea in the running of its activities. The Health and Nutrition Education House have found that by applying the concept and using older children to help in running its activities, its over all objective which is the improvement of the health of the children in the slums could be reached more easily. PMID:7163857

Kasim, M S; Abraham, S

1982-09-01

412

Holocaust Child Survivors and Child Sexual Abuse  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study utilized a qualitative analysis of child survivors of the Holocaust who were sexually abused during World War II. The research study aimed to give this specific group of survivors a voice and to explore the impact of multiple extreme traumas, the Holocaust and childhood sexual abuse, on the survivors. Twenty-two child survivors of the…

Lev-Wiesel, Rachel; Amir, Marianne

2005-01-01

413

Child Poverty and Changes in Child Poverty  

PubMed Central

This article offers a cross-country overview of child poverty, changes in child poverty, and the impact of public policy in North America and Europe. Levels and changes in child poverty rates in 12 Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) countries during the 1990s are documented using data from the Luxembourg Income Study project, and a decomposition analysis is used to uncover the relative role of demographic factors, labor markets, and income transfers from the state in determining the magnitude and direction of the changes. Child poverty rates fell noticeably in only three countries and rose in three others. In no country were demographic factors a force for higher child poverty rates, but these factors were also limited in their ability to cushion children from adverse shocks originating in the labor market or the government sector. Increases in the labor market engagement of mothers consistently lowered child poverty rates, while decreases in the employment rates and earnings of fathers were a force for higher rates. Finally, there is no single road to lower child poverty rates. Reforms to income transfers intended to increase labor supply may or may not end up lowering the child poverty rate.

CHEN, WEN-HAO; CORAK, MILES

2008-01-01

414

The influence of brain abnormalities on psychosocial development, criminal history and paraphilias in sexual murderers.  

PubMed

The aim of this study was to investigate the number and type of brain abnormalities and their influence on psychosocial development, criminal history and paraphilias in sexual murderers. We analyzed psychiatric court reports of 166 sexual murderers and compared a group with notable signs of brain abnormalities (N = 50) with those without any signs (N = 116). Sexual murderers with brain abnormalities suffered more from early behavior problems. They were less likely to cohabitate with the victim at the time of the homicide and had more victims at the age of six years or younger. Psychiatric diagnoses revealed a higher total number of paraphilias: Transvestic fetishism and paraphilias not otherwise specified were more frequent in offenders with brain abnormalities. A binary logistic regression identified five predictors that accounted for 46.8% of the variance explaining the presence of brain abnormalities. Our results suggest the importance of a comprehensive neurological and psychological examination of this special offender group. PMID:16225232

Briken, Peer; Habermann, Niels; Berner, Wolfgang; Hill, Andreas

2005-09-01

415

Is Child Labor Inefficient?  

Microsoft Academic Search

We build a model of child labor and study its implications for welfare. We assume that there is a trade-off between child labor and the accumulation of human capital. Even if parents are altruistic and child labor is socially inefficient, it may arise in equilibrium because parents fail to fully internalize its negative effects. This occurs when bequests are zero

Jean-Marie Baland; James A. Robinson

2000-01-01

416

Child Care Bulletin, 1996.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document consists of six issues of the Child Care Bulletin, a bimonthly publication of the National Child Care Information Center. The January-February issue focuses on infants and toddlers in child care. Topics discussed include caring for infants with special needs, designing quality group care environments, Early Head Start programs, and…

McGhee, Marilyn, Ed.

1996-01-01

417

The girl child  

Microsoft Academic Search

The health of the girl child is a concern for obstetrician-gynecologists. Pediatric gynecologic conditions deserve special attention. The obstetric performance of the adult woman depends in large part on the health and healthcare of the girl child. Gender discrimination against the girl child violates her human rights and adversely impacts on her health and her life. The profession has a

M. F Fathalla

2000-01-01

418

Conversations in Child Care  

MedlinePLUS

Conversations in Child Care Health & Safety Notes One of the measures of excellence in child care is the quality of the conversations ... listened to and respected. To encourage conversation in child care: • Ask open-ended questions: Ask questions that require ...

419

Nurturing the child's creativity.  

PubMed

A much neglected but vital aspect of a child's development, creativity; needs to be vigorously promoted. India's child survival strategy has focused on immunization, oral rehydration, education, and limiting family size. No policy exists, however, that seeks to nurture a child's curiosity, joy and hopefulness. Many people place art and science in separate realms, not realizing that both depend on the unhindered flow of imagination. India's educational system emphasizes practical and utilitarian knowledge. This systems stresses the accumulation of information, academic performance, and competition. A child acquired value according to how well he or she performs in an exam, a fact that can have only a negative impact on the child's psyche. At home, parents push a child to achieve results, discouraging curiosity in the process. All of these tendencies serve to stifle the creative impulses of the child, making him or her apathetic or frustrated. Society needs to recognize that every child is a gifted child, one who has the inalienable right to explore, seek information, and use his or her imagination. Parents, schools, and the country as a whole need to foster such creativity. Stories, songs, poems, parables--all of these can stimulate a child's imagination. Parents should encourage a child to read for fun, and should help the child differentiate between good literature and mediocre writing, between the aesthetic and the gaudy. Parents should invite children to talk about their feelings and thoughts and should share their own. PMID:12317288

Anandalakshmy, S

1991-01-01

420

Child Care Bulletin, 1998.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

These two issues address topics related to state and federal public policy concerning child care. Issue 19 focuses on how various federal agencies work with the Child Care Bureau to strengthen and support child care services across the country. The issue includes articles describing initiatives of the Departments of Transportation, Labor,…

Child Care Bulletin, 1998

1998-01-01

421

[Autism and child protection].  

PubMed

The fostering of an autistic child deemed to be a child at risk leads one to question one's professional practices. In a children's home, an approach guided by psychoanalysis can recognise the benefits of behavioural or cognitive approaches. The aim of the professional's particular educational position is therefore to construct a relationship with each child. PMID:24617091

Coron, Guillaume

2014-01-01

422

Mother-Child Bonding.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines the nature of mother-child bonding from the prenatal stage through early infancy, discussing how the mother's actions, even before birth, stimulate her child's senses. Explains the crucial role that physical contact, breastfeeding, and visual stimuli have on mother-child bonding in human and animal newborns. (MDM)

Pearce, Joseph Chilton

1994-01-01

423

Psychological evaluation of seafarers.  

PubMed

The CIA Factor Assessment is a psychological testing and related research activities carried out under auspices of Wartsila Land and Sea Academy at WLSA Regional Training Centre in the Philippines in June 2003. The purpose was to evaluate seafarers against their mental and physical health and obtain their charachteristic as individuals and as a group. The CIA (Consciousness, Intuition. Anticipation, professional psychometric testing) is a set of tests covering three essential values to determine one's suitability and fitness for work at sea developed in order to recognize and improve potentials of professional seafarers. The results of the evaluation were good. The examined persons had good or very good scores, only few of them were below average, requiring professional individual psychological attention/assistance, extended specialized training, or intensive pertinent testing. PMID:14974779

Jezewska, Maria

2003-01-01

424

School Psychology Resources Online  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

With over 1,000 annotated links, this Website offers a valuable directory of online resources in the broad and burgeoning field of school psychology. Resources are divided into two broad categories: Specific Conditions, Disorders, and Disabilities, and Other Information. The first includes listings for such topics as Attention Deficit Disorders, Deafness, Eating Disorders, Learning Disabilities, Mental Retardation, Substance Abuse, and Tourette's Syndrome. The second catch-all category includes such topics as Adolescence, Assessment/Evaluation, ERIC Clearinghouses, Law and Education, Mental Health, Professional Organizations, and about a dozen others. The links are authoritative, and the Website is updated daily. A features section also includes an online bookstore, daily cartoon, and jobs information. The site is created and maintained by Sandra Steingart, who holds a doctorate in education and works in the Office of Psychological Services in the Baltimore County Public Schools.

425

Psychological aspects of asthma.  

PubMed

Asthma can be affected by stress, anxiety, sadness, and suggestion, as well as by environmental irritants or allergens, exercise, and infection. It also is associated with an elevated prevalence of anxiety and depressive disorders. Asthma and these psychological states and traits may mutually potentiate each other through direct psychophysiological mediation, nonadherence to medical regimen, exposure to asthma triggers, and inaccuracy of asthma symptom perception. Defensiveness is associated with inaccurate perception of airway resistance and stress-related bronchoconstriction. Asthma education programs that teach about the nature of the disease, medications, and trigger avoidance tend to reduce asthma morbidity. Other promising psychological interventions as adjuncts to medical treatment include training in symptom perception, stress management, hypnosis, yoga, and several biofeedback procedures. PMID:12090377

Lehrer, Paul; Feldman, Jonathan; Giardino, Nicholas; Song, Hye-Sue; Schmaling, Karen

2002-06-01

426

Child abuse: A classic case report with literature review  

PubMed Central

Child abuse and neglect are serious global problems and can be in the form of physical, sexual, emotional or just neglect in providing for the child's needs. These factors can leave the child with serious, long-lasting psychological damage. In the present case report, a 12-year-old orphaned boy was physically abused by a close relative who caused actual bodily and emotional trauma to the boy. After satisfactorily managing the trauma and emotional effects to the patient, in addition to the counseling services provided to the caregiver, the patient made a steady recovery. He was also referred to a child support group for social support, and prepare him together with his siblings for placement in a children's home in view of the hostile environment in which they were living.

Kemoli, Arthur M.; Mavindu, Mildred

2014-01-01

427

Child abuse: A classic case report with literature review.  

PubMed

Child abuse and neglect are serious global problems and can be in the form of physical, sexual, emotional or just neglect in providing for the child's needs. These factors can leave the child with serious, long-lasting psychological damage. In the present case report, a 12-year-old orphaned boy was physically abused by a close relative who caused actual bodily and emotional trauma to the boy. After satisfactorily managing the trauma and emotional effects to the patient, in addition to the counseling services provided to the caregiver, the patient made a steady recovery. He was also referred to a child support group for social support, and prepare him together with his siblings for placement in a children's home in view of the hostile environment in which they were living. PMID:24963259

Kemoli, Arthur M; Mavindu, Mildred

2014-04-01

428

Noba Psychology Collection  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Noba is an online tool that allows teachers to create their own free psychology textbooks by using provided content. Noba consists of nearly 90 short (2500-4000 word) chapters authored by leading instructors and researchers including 7 winners of the William James Award. Chapters are organized in familiar categories (Development, Learning & Memory, Personality, etc.) for easy reference. All Noba materials are licensed through Creative Commons under the CC BY-NA-SA license terms.

429

Psychological Distress Among Single, Employed, Black Mothers and Their Perceptions of Their Young Children  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigated the relationship of psychological distress to mothers' perceptions of their 3- and 4-year-old children using data gathered from a sample of 111 single employed black mothers with low income. Findings revealed that parenting a boy child was associated with higher levels of depressive symptomatology, which, in turn, was associated with more negative perceptions of children, especially boys.

Aurora P. Jackson

1995-01-01

430

Psychological Risks of Genetically Testing Children for a Hereditary Cancer Syndrome.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Medical considerations about testing and possible psychological consequences for the child and family of genetically testing children are discussed. Risks include distress from ambivalent feelings toward testing, preoccupation with disease-related signs, changes in family interactions, the burdening prospect of a future disease, and medicalization…

Grosfeld, F. J. M.; Lips, C. J. M.; Beemer, F. A.; van Spijker, H. G.; Brouwers-Smalbraak, G. J.; ten Kroode, H. F. J.

1997-01-01

431

Use of Missing Data Methods in Longitudinal Studies: The Persistence of Bad Practices in Developmental Psychology  

Microsoft Academic Search

Developmental science rests on describing, explaining, and optimizing intraindividual changes and, hence, empirically requires longitudinal research. Problems of missing data arise in most longitudinal studies, thus creating challenges for interpreting the substance and structure of intraindividual change. Using a sample of reports of longitudinal studies obtained from three flagship developmental journals—Child Development, Developmental Psychology, and Journal of Research on Adolescence—we

Helena Jeli?i?; Erin Phelps; Richard M. Lerner

2009-01-01

432

Psychological Problems in Children with Cerebral Palsy: A Cross-Sectional European Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objectives: To describe psychological symptoms in 8-12-year-old children with cerebral palsy; to investigate predictors of these symptoms and their impact on the child and family. Design: A cross-sectional multi-centre survey. Participants: Eight hundred and eighteen children with cerebral palsy, aged 8-12 years, identified from population-based…

Parkes, Jackie; White-Koning, Melanie; Dickinson, Heather O.; Thyen, Ute; Arnaud, Catherine; Beckung, Eva; Fauconnier, Jerome; Marcelli, Marco; McManus, Vicki; Michelsen, Susan I.; Parkinson, Kathryn; Colver, Allan

2008-01-01

433

Associations between Effortful Control, Psychological Control and Proactive and Reactive Aggression  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The current study examined relations between effortful control (ones ability to focus and shift attention in an adaptive manner), psychological control (caregiver attempts to manipulate the child's internal world) and proactive and reactive aggression. Participants were 69 children (54% male) ranging from 9 to 12 years of age (M = 10.35, SD =…

Rathert, Jamie; Fite, Paula J.; Gaertner, Alden E.

2011-01-01

434

Trends in Methodological Rigor in Intervention Research Published in School Psychology Journals  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Methodological rigor in intervention research is important for documenting evidence-based practices and has been a recent focus in legislation, including the No Child Left Behind Act. The current study examined the methodological rigor of intervention research in four school psychology journals since the 1960s. Intervention research has increased…

Burns, Matthew K.; Klingbeil, David A.; Ysseldyke, James E.; Petersen-Brown, Shawna

2012-01-01

435

Psychological Wellbeing and Stress in Singaporean Mothers of Children under Five Years.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a study that investigated the relationship between psychological well-being, stress, and biographical variables in 88 Singaporean mothers with at least 1 child under 5. Found that most mothers were "pretty" or "very" happy with their home life, parenthood, and financial security and that most mothers "never" or "sometimes" felt depressed…

Rodd, Jillian

1993-01-01

436

Youths’ Perceptions of Corporal Punishment, Parental Acceptance, and Psychological Adjustment in a Turkish Metropolis  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study explored relations among corporal punishment, perceived parental acceptance, and the psychological adjustment of 427 Turkish youths between the ages of 10 to 18. Participants responded in school to the child versions of the Physical Punishment Questionnaire, Parental Acceptance-Rejection Questionnaire, Personality Assessment Questionnaire, and a demographic questionnaire. Results of multiple regression analyses showed that youths’ perceptions of both maternal

Ronald P. Rohner

2006-01-01

437

Psychological Growth among Siblings of Children with and without Intellectual Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The presence of a child with an intellectual disability is often perceived as a cloud hanging over the heads of their siblings, placing them at risk of developing a variety of problems. Only recently have siblings been examined for the positive aspects of this life situation, such as the potential to experience psychological growth. Adopting J. A.…

Findler, Liora; Vardi, Aya

2009-01-01

438

Family Stability as a Protective Factor against Psychopathology for Urban Children Receiving Psychological Services  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Family stability, defined as the consistency of family activities and routines, was examined in a sample of urban families (n = 70) with children (ages 7 to 16) receiving psychological services. Parent-reported family stability was associated with lower parent-reported children's internalizing behavior problems. Child-reported family stability…

Ivanova, Masha Y.; Israel, Allen C.

2006-01-01

439

Psychological Evaluation of Young Women after Medical Treatment for Central Precocious Puberty  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: This study aimed at the evaluation of the subjective experience and long-term behavioral and psychological effects of precocious puberty (PP). Methods: 19 female patients who had been treated with GnRH agonists participated in a semistructured interview and completed two standardized checklists. Their parents completed the Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL). Results: The CBCL yielded significantly elevated Internalizing and Total Behavior

D. A. Baumann; M. A. Landolt; R. Wetterwald; J. M. Dubuis; P. C. Sizonenko; E. A. Werder

2001-01-01

440

Prenatal and Postpartum Maternal Psychological Distress and Infant Development: A Systematic Review  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Infant development plays a foundational role in optimal child development and health. Some studies have demonstrated an association between maternal psychological distress and infant outcomes, although the main emphasis has been on postpartum depression and infant-maternal attachment. Prevention and early intervention strategies would benefit from…

Kingston, Dawn; Tough, Suzanne; Whitfield, Heather

2012-01-01

441

Psychological Sequelae of Childhood Sexual Abuse: Abuse-Related Characteristics, Coping Strategies, and Attributional Style  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: The aim of this study was to test a model predicting the contribution of abuse-related characteristics and mediating variables such as coping and attributional style in the development of psychological sequelae in adults reporting a history of child sexual abuse (CSA). Methodology: Two hundred and eighty-five males and females from…

Steel, Jennifer; Sanna, Lawrence; Hammond, Barbara; Whipple, James; Cross, Herbert

2004-01-01

442

Echocardiographic abnormalities following cardiac radiation  

SciTech Connect

Five years or more after receiving cardiac radiation, 41 patients with Hodgkin's disease and seminoma in remission were subjected to echocardiography. The abnormalities detected included pericardial thickening in 70%, thickening of the aortic and/or mitral valves in 28%, right ventricular dilatation or hypokinesis in 39%, and left ventricular dysfunction in 39%. In the 23 patients treated by an upper mantle technique with shielding, the incidence of right ventricular abnormalities and valvular thickening was significantly lower than in patients treated with modified techniques. Although no symptoms were attributable to the observed abnormalities, longer follow-up time may reveal important functional implications.

Perrault, D.J.; Levy, M.; Herman, J.D.; Burns, R.J.; Bar Shlomo, B.Z.; Druck, M.N.; Wu, W.Q.; McLaughlin, P.R.; Gilbert, B.W.

1985-04-01

443

Social Psychology Network  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

With over 11,000 links contained within its pages, the Social Psychology Network site is arguably the largest social psychology database on the Internet. Maintained by Professor Scout Plous of Wesleyan University, the site has been generously supported by the National Science Foundation. Visitors will appreciate the very clean layout of the siteâÂÂs homepage, as they are presented with a search engine, along with a number of electronic forums, and a listing of related topics. To delve into the siteâÂÂs contents, visitors may wish to select from any one of the areas on the left-hand side of the homepage, which include listings of doctoral programs in social psychology and teaching resources. There are numerous other options for interested parties, and they lead to such offerings as rankings of doctoral programs in the field and distance learning options in the field. Finally, visitors can also view many of the siteâÂÂs documents in a number of languages, including Spanish, French, Italian, and German.

Plous, Scott

1996-01-01

444

Perceived Parental Control and Parent–Child Relational Qualities in Early Adolescents In Hong Kong: Parent Gender, Child Gender and Grade Differences  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined parent gender, child gender and grade differences in perceived parental control and parent–adolescent\\u000a relational qualities in early adolescents in Hong Kong, People’s Republic of China. Utilizing a longitudinal research design,\\u000a 2,559 Chinese secondary school students responded to instruments assessing perceived parental behavioral control, parental\\u000a psychological control, and parent–child relational qualities over three consecutive years. Results showed that

Daniel T. L. Shek

2008-01-01

445

Parenting-related stress and psychological distress in mothers of toddlers with autism spectrum disorders  

PubMed Central

Background Parents of children with autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) are at risk for higher stress levels than parents of children with other developmental disabilities and typical development. Recent advances in early diagnosis have resulted in younger children being diagnosed with ASDs but factors associated with parent stress in this age group are not well understood. Aims The present study examined parenting-related stress and psychological distress in mothers of toddlers with ASD, developmental delay without ASD (DD), and typical development. The impact of child problem behavior and daily living skills on parenting-stress and psychological distress were further investigated. Methods Participants were part of a larger research study on early ASD intervention. Parent self-report of parenting-related stress and psychological distress was utilized. Results Parents of toddlers with ASD demonstrated increased parenting-related stress compared with parents of toddlers with DD and typical development. However, psychological distress did not differ significantly between the groups. Child behavior problems, but not daily living skills emerged as a significant predictor of parenting-related stress and psychological distress. This was true for both mothers of children with ASD and DD. Conclusions These finding suggest that parents’ abilities to manage and reduce behavior problems is a critical target for interventions for young children with ASD and DD in order to improve child functioning and decrease parenting-related stress.

Estes, Annette; Olson, Erin; Sullivan, Katherine; Greenson, Jessica; Winter, Jamie; Dawson, Geraldine; Munson, Jeffrey

2012-01-01

446

Pediatric Spinal Cord Injury without Radiographic Abnormality: A Meta-analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using a meta-analysis, we identified 392 published cases of patients recently diagnosed with spinal cord injuries without radiographic abnormalities (SCIWORA) and studied the epidemiologic, pathophysiologic, clinical, and radiologic data. To describe those at risk for this uncommon syndrome, mainly pediatric patients (90% of the cases) who sustain serious trauma in car accidents, serious falls, sports injuries, or child abuse, we

Franck Launay; Arabella I Leet; Paul D Sponseller

2005-01-01

447

Graves' disease, celiac disease and liver function abnormalities in a patient - clinical manifestation and diagnostic difficulties.  

PubMed

Autoimmune diseases due to probable common pathogenesis tend to coexist in some patients. Complex clinical presentation with diverse timing of particular symptoms and sophisticated treatment with numerous side effects, may cause diagnostic difficulties, especially in children. The paper presents diagnostic difficulties and pitfalls in a child with Graves' disease, celiac disease and liver function abnormalities. PMID:24904927

Góra-G?bka, Magdalena; Wo?niak, Ma?gorzata; Cielecka-Kuszyk, Joanna; Korpal-Szczyrska, Maria; Sznurkowska, Katarzyna; Zagierski, Maciej; Jankowska, Irena; Plata-Nazar, Katarzyna; Kami?ska, Barbara; Liberek, Anna

2014-01-01

448

VIOLENCE IN INDIA: A PSYCHOLOGICAL PERSPECTIVE  

PubMed Central

Intraspecific violence is now established as a biological phenomenon intrinsic to living nature. Ethologists maintain that culturally moulded programs of aggression which can be released by certain environmental triggers exist in the nervous system among higher animals. Evidence also suggests that there co-exists a biological capacity for morality and empathy. A child by the age of two is endowed with the capacity to refrain from hurting another person purely by identifying himself with the other. This moral faculty is strengthened by parental training, appropriate role models and a nurturing society. In India today, the weakening of cultural values due to rapid social change and the inability of elders and leadership to present a clear set of values which tliey themselves live by has induced a sense of alienation, powerlessness and meaninglessness among the youth. This makes them extremely susceptible to programs of aggression, all the while weakening their empathic and moral inclinations. The paper attempts an in-depth psychological examinations of these issues and also other factors responsible for violence in India. Psychologically rooted strategies to tackle the problem of violence in India are also discussed.

Kapur, R.L.

1994-01-01

449

[Hypospadias--a psychological view. Psychosocial and psychosexual implications].  

PubMed

This theoretical research paper refers to the psychological consequences ofhypospadias, a male congenital deficiency of the urethra. Hypospadias is defined as an abnormal opening of the urethra on the underside of the penis and is a frequently found malformation with an incidence of 1 per 300 males. This malformation affects one of the most personal parts of the male anatomy and its psychological repercussions are undeniable. The vast majority of studies concerning this condition are found in the medical domain: surgical and pediatric urology and endocrynology. The difficulty in finding data about psychological implications of hypospadias, along with the lack of opportunities for discussing it was an objective to contribute a modest advancement in the field of psychology. Because of the fact that hypospadias is a psychological condition as well as a physical one, this theoretical paper discusses the influenceses of the condition on the patient's psychosocial (in the view of E. H. Erikson's theory) and psychosexual development (relation to the object theory of O. F. Kernberg). PMID:22827116

Matuszkiewicz, Ewa; Bargiel-Matusiewicz, Kamilla

2012-01-01

450

The abnormal proximal tibiofibular joint.  

PubMed

Abnormalities of the proximal tibiofibular joint are infrequently encountered. Mostly instability occurs as a result of trauma. Four types of instability are distinguished: subluxation, anterolateral, posteromedial and superior dislocation. Four radiological methods designed to visualize abnormalities of the proximal tibiofibular joint are discussed. Special notice is given to the clinical relevance of a new method. Instability was demonstrated in 19 patients; 16 of these were treated by an operation. History, data obtained by physical examination and ways of treatment are discussed. PMID:6703874

Veth, R P; Kingma, L M; Nielsen, H K

1984-01-01

451

Bone marrow abnormalities in HIV infected children, report of three cases and review of the literature  

PubMed Central

Bone marrow abnormalities in HIV infected adults include hypocellularity, myelodysplasia and poor marrow recovery. Data in children is limited. We report a series of three HIV infected with varied bone marrow abnormalities. First child was a 7-year-old boy with pulmonary tuberculosis, anemia, thrombocytopenia and bone marrow examination showed hypoplastic marrow. He succumbed to his disease within seven days of hospitalization. Second child was a three and a half year old girl who had severe anemia and her bone marrow examination showed dyserythropoiesis. Third child was a 7-year-old boy who had splenic abscesses and pancytopenia and bone marrow examination showed myelofibrosis with increased plasma cells. He also succumbed due to a fatal pulmonary bleed. Thus, advanced HIV disease in children can lead to bone marrow suppression in form of hypoplasia or myelofibrosis which can be fatal.

Shah, Ira; Murthy, Anuradha

2014-01-01

452

Systems of care: new partnerships for community psychology.  

PubMed

For almost two decades, the federal government has supported the development of integrated models of mental health service delivery for children and families, known as systems of care (SOCs), that strive to be child-centered, family-focused, community-based, and culturally competent. These efforts align well with the values and principles (e.g., empowerment, collaboration, strengths emphasis, focus on macro-level social/system change) central to community psychology (CP; Kloos et al. in Community psychology, Cengage Learning, Belmont, 2012). Despite the convergence of many core values, CPs have historically been underrepresented in key roles in SOC initiatives. However, this has changed in recent years, with increasing examples of community psychology skills and principles applied to the development, implementation, and evaluation of SOCs. Because successful and sustainable implementation of SOCs requires community and system-level change, and SOCs are increasingly being urged to adopt a stronger "public health" orientation (Miles et al. in A public health approach to children's mental health: a conceptual framework, Georgetown University Center for Child and Human Development, National Technical Assistance Center for Children's Mental Health, Washington, DC, 2010), there is great potential for CPs to play important roles in SOCs. This paper discusses opportunities and roles for CPs in SOCs in applied research and evaluation, community practice, and training. PMID:22538407

Cook, James R; Kilmer, Ryan P

2012-06-01

453

Child behavior problems and parental well-being in families of children with autism: the mediating role of mindfulness and acceptance.  

PubMed

Few research studies have explored how the level of a child's behavior problems leads to psychological distress in parents of children with autism. The authors explored whether psychological acceptance and mindfulness mediated this relationship between child behavior and parental distress. Seventy-one mothers and 39 fathers of children with autism participated, by reporting on their own positive and negative psychological well-being and their child's behavior problems. Psychological acceptance was found to act as a mediator variable for maternal anxiety, depression, and stress, and for paternal depression. General mindfulness and mindful parenting had significant mediation effects for maternal anxiety, depression, and stress. These results contribute to evidence that mindfulness and acceptance may be important parental psychological processes, with implications for parent support. PMID:24679352

Jones, Leah; Hastings, Richard Patrick; Totsika, Vasiliki; Keane, Lisa; Rhule, Neisha

2014-03-01

454

Interpretation and management of hepatic abnormalities in pregnancy.  

PubMed

The spectrum of liver disease in pregnancy includes liver disease unrelated to pregnancy, liver diseases that occur with increased frequency or severity in pregnancy, and liver disease specific to pregnancy. Diseases of the liver unique to pregnancy reliably occur at specific points in the gestational spectrum. Thus, gestational age, a comprehensive history, and a clinically driven diagnostic evaluation is critical in approaching a pregnant patient with abnormal liver chemistries or function. Early recognition of these conditions is important and although management may be expectant, some patients require targeted therapy or necessitate prompt delivery, which can be life-saving to both mother and child. PMID:23707777

Kia, Leila; Rinella, Mary E

2013-11-01

455

Evolutionary psychology and intelligence research.  

PubMed

This article seeks to unify two subfields of psychology that have hitherto stood separately: evolutionary psychology and intelligence research/differential psychology. I suggest that general intelligence may simultaneously be an evolved adaptation and an individual-difference variable. Tooby and Cosmides's (1990a) notion of random quantitative variation on a monomorphic design allows us to incorporate heritable individual differences in evolved adaptations. The Savanna-IQ Interaction Hypothesis, which is one consequence of the integration of evolutionary psychology and intelligence research, can potentially explain why less intelligent individuals enjoy TV more, why liberals are more intelligent than conservatives, and why night owls are more intelligent than morning larks, among many other findings. The general approach proposed here will allow us to integrate evolutionary psychology with any other aspect of differential psychology. PMID:20455621

Kanazawa, Satoshi

2010-01-01

456

Association for Applied Sport Psychology  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The three interrelated focus areas of the Association for Applied Sport Psychology (AASP) are health and exercise psychology, performance psychology and social psychology. The aim of the Association is to see how "participation in sport, exercise, and physical activity may enhance personal development and well-being throughout the life span." Visitors will find that the "About" section of their website has a "History" link, as well as links to "Awards & Grants," "Fellows," and "Special Interest Groups." The "Publications" link has position papers published by the AASP in PDF format at the bottom of the page; topics of the papers include unethical behavior, choosing a sport psychology consultant, and human diversity. Visitors can check out the "Resource Center" link for information for parents, coaches, and athletes, which cover such topics as mental skills training information and how to teach and apply sport psychology skills.

457

Abnormal Position and Presentation of the Fetus  

MedlinePLUS

... Health Issues > Complications of Labor and Delivery 4 Abnormal Position and Presentation of the Fetus Position refers ... neck flexed, and presentation is head first. An abnormal position is facing forward, and abnormal presentations include ...

458

Diversity Issues in Health Psychology  

Microsoft Academic Search

As medicine and psychology join forces in the rapidly growing field of health psychology, the opportunity arises for each\\u000a to benefit from the other. Research in medicine has typically focused on white males in their 30s, while research in psychology\\u000a has focused on upper-middle-class college sophomores. Both approaches tend to neglect issues of populations that differ from\\u000a these norms by

Traci Mann; Pamela M. Kato

459

Mentoring and Psychological Contract Breach  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose  Mentoring and psychological contracts are related and important organizationally based social exchange relationships. Research\\u000a indicates that social support from internal mentors might buffer the negative effects of psychological contract breach (PCB),\\u000a but less is known about the possible negative influence that mentors might have on psychological contracts. This study investigates\\u000a protégés' perceptions of their mentors’ failure to fulfill mentoring obligations

Dana L. Haggard

460

Psychological interventions for parents of children and adolescents with chronic illness  

PubMed Central

Background Psychological therapies have been developed for parents of children and adolescents with a chronic illness. Such therapies include parent only or parent and child/adolescent, and are designed to treat parent behaviour, parent mental health, child behaviour/disability, child mental health, child symptoms and/or family functioning. No comprehensive, meta-analytic reviews have been published in this area. Objectives To evaluate the effectiveness of psychological therapies that include coping strategies for parents of children/adolescents with chronic illnesses (painful conditions, cancer, diabetes mellitus, asthma, traumatic brain injury, inflammatory bowel diseases, skin diseases or gynaecological disorders). The therapy will aim to improve parent behaviour, parent mental health, child behaviour/disability, child mental health, child symptoms and family functioning. Search methods We searched CENTRAL, MEDLINE, EMBASE and PsyclNFO for randomised controlled trials (RCTs) of psychological interventions that included parents of children and adolescents with a chronic illness. The initial search was from inception of these databases to June 2011 and we conducted a follow-up search from June 2011 to March 2012. We identified additional studies from the reference list of retrieved papers and from discussion with investigators. Selection criteria Included studies were RCTs of psychological interventions that delivered treatment to parents of children and adolescents (under 19 years of age) with a chronic illness compared to active control, wait list control or treatment as usual. We excluded studies if the parent component was a coaching intervention, the aim of the intervention was health prevention/promotion, the comparator was a pharmacological treatment, the child/adolescent had an illness not listed above or the study included children with more than one type of chronic illness. Further to this, we excluded studies when the sample size of either comparator group was fewer than 10 at post-treatment. Data collection and analysis We included 35 RCTs involving a total of 2723 primary trial participants. Two review authors extracted data from 26 studies. We analysed data using two categories. First, we analysed data by each medical condition across all treatment classes at two time points (immediately post-treatment and the first available follow-up). Second, we analysed data by each treatment class (cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT), family therapy (FT), problem solving therapy (PST) and multisystemic therapy (MST)) across all medical conditions at two time points (immediately post-treatment and the first available follow-up). We assessed treatment effectiveness on six possible outcomes: parent behaviour, parent mental health, child behaviour/disability, child mental health, child symptoms and family functioning. Main results Across all treatment types, psychological therapies that included parents significantly improved child symptoms for painful conditions immediately post-treatment. Across all medical conditions, cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) significantly improved child symptoms and problem solving therapy significantly improved parent behaviour and parent mental health immediately post-treatment. There were no other effects at post-treatment or follow-up. The risk of bias of included studies is described. Authors' conclusions There is no evidence on the effectiveness of psychological therapies that include parents in most outcome domains of functioning, for a large number of common chronic illnesses in children. There is good evidence for the effectiveness of including parents in psychological therapies that reduce pain in children with painful conditions. There is also good evidence for the effectiveness of CBT that includes parents for improving the primary symptom complaints when available data were included from chronic illness conditions. Finally, there is good evidence for the effectiveness of problem solving therapy delivered to parents on improving parent problem solving skills and parent mental he

Eccleston, Christopher; Palermo, Tonya M; Fisher, Emma; Law, Emily

2012-01-01

461

Psychology of Intelligence Analysis  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This new full-length book from the CIA's center for the Study of Intelligence is an attempt to translate and make available to intelligence analysts selected cognitive psychology technical reports on the processing of incomplete and ambiguous information. Compiled by Richards J. Heuer, Jr., the volume "pulls together and republishes, with some editing, updating, and additions, articles written during 1978-86 for internal use within the CIA Directorate of Intelligence." Users can read the full text of the report by section and chapter in HTML format.

Heuer, Richards J.

462

Psychological issues in patient outcomes.  

PubMed

This article provides an overview of the psychological issues of facial plastic surgery patients. It begins with a review of the research on the preoperative psychological characteristics of cosmetic surgery patients. Results from the studies assessing postoperative changes in psychological status are reviewed. The psychological issues of specific patient groups, including adolescents and male patients, are discussed. Individuals who undergo plastic surgical procedures as a result of craniofacial anomalies or facial injuries often face a myriad of psychosocial challenges. These issues are outlined in brief. The article concludes with a discussion of two psychiatric conditions, body dysmorphic disorder and posttraumatic stress disorder, that may be frequently encountered by facial plastic surgeons. PMID:12063660

Sarwer, David B; Crerand, Canice E

2002-05-01

463

Predictors of Child Behavior Problems among Children of Female Vietnam Veterans  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined the impacts of intimate partner aggression by female Vietnam veterans and their male partners on their\\u000a children’s behavior problems (N?=?100 children). Veteran and partner psychological distress were also examined as potential mediators of these relationships.\\u000a Results indicated that physical and psychological aggression perpetration by both the female veteran and the male partner\\u000a was associated with child behavior

Laura E. Watkins; Casey T. Taft; Claire L. Hebenstreit; Lynda A. King; Daniel W. King

2008-01-01

464

Cardiac abnormalities in end stage renal failure and anaemia.  

PubMed Central

Thirteen anaemic children on dialysis were assessed to determine the incidence of cardiac changes in end stage renal failure. Nine children had an increased cardiothoracic ratio on radiography. The electrocardiogram was abnormal in every case but no child had left ventricular hypertrophy as assessed by voltage criteria. However, left ventricular hypertrophy, often gross, was found on echocardiography in 12 children and affected the interventricular septum disproportionately. Cardiac index was increased in 10 patients as a result of an increased left ventricular stroke volume rather than heart rate. Left ventricular hypertrophy was significantly greater in those on treatment for hypertension and in those with the highest cardiac index. Abnormal diastolic ventricular function was found in 6/11 children. Children with end stage renal failure have significant cardiac abnormalities that are likely to contribute to the high cardiovascular mortality in this group. Anaemia and hypertension, or its treatment, probably contribute to these changes. Voltage criteria on electrocardiogram are of no value in detecting left ventricular hypertrophy. Echocardiography must be performed, with the results corrected for age and surface area, in order to detect and follow these abnormalities. Images

Morris, K P; Skinner, J R; Wren, C; Hunter, S; Coulthard, M G

1993-01-01

465

Parental illness, caregiving factors and psychological distress among children orphaned by acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) in South Africa  

Microsoft Academic Search

Studies show elevated levels of psychological distress among acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS)-orphaned children. Caregiving factors are critical in child mental health, but little is known about their effects among AIDS-orphaned children. This study aimed to explore whether caregiving factors (e.g. caregiver illness, monitoring and abuse) mediated between orphanhood status and psychological problems. A total of 1025 children and adolescents

Lucie Cluver; Don Operario; Frances Gardner

2009-01-01

466

Evolutionary social psychology: Prospects and pitfalls  

Microsoft Academic Search

The principles of evolutionary psychology and the traditional assumptions of social psychology are highly compatible. Both disciplines trace observed behavioral variability to situational variability. Both assume that psychological mechanisms sensitive to social information are central to causal accounts of social behavior. Questions about the origins and functions of these psychological mechanisms are indispensable for understanding social behavior. Evolutionary psychology provides

David M. Buss

1990-01-01

467

Positive psychology: Past, present, and (possible) future  

Microsoft Academic Search

What is positive psychology? Where has it come from? Where is it going? These are the questions we address in this article. In defining positive psychology, we distinguish between the meta-psychological level, where the aim of positive psychology is to redress the imbalance in psychology research and practice, and the pragmatic level, which is concerned with what positive psychologists do,

P. Alex Linley; Stephen Joseph; Susan Harrington; Alex M. Wood

2006-01-01

468

A Contemporary Story of School Psychology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A review of recent school psychology publications was conducted to discover the espoused theory of contemporary school psychology, as distinct from school psychology practice. We considered that identification of the espoused theory of school psychology, the story of school psychology, would support professional reflection and the identification…

Annan, Jean; Priestley, Anna

2012-01-01

469

Developmental abnormalities and mental retardation: diagnostic strategy.  

PubMed

Intellectual disability formerly called mental retardation (MR) is defined as having an IQ score below 70; the term "developmental delay" (DD) is preferred for young children. A detailed clinical history including a three-generation pedigreee and physical examination are the fundamental steps in achieving an etiological diagnosis in MR. Physical examination should be performed with special emphasis on dysmorphological and neurological exam. Genetic studies have priority in the laboratory investigation of a child with MR. Routine karyotyping is recommended regardless of the degree of MR. Fragile X studies are strongly recommended in both females and males with unexplained MR, especially in patients with a positive family history and typical physical and behavioral features. FISH analysis of subtelomeric regions should be reserved for selected patients. Inborn errors of metabolism are seldom seen as the causes of isolated MR but should be considered in the differential diagnosis of patients with MR/DD in populations where the rate of consanguineous marriages is high. Neuroimaging studies should be performed on an indication basis such as abnormal brain size or neurological findings. It is essential to diagnose the underlying etiology of MR for recognition of treatable disorders, determining prognosis, family counseling, and providing prenatal diagnosis when possible. PMID:23622166

Topcu, Meral; Yalnizo?lu, Dilek

2013-01-01

470

[Gender identity disorder and related sexual behavior problems in children and adolescents: from the perspective of development and child psychiatry].  

PubMed

The present paper reviews the theoretical and empirical literature on children and adolescents with gender identity disorder. The organizational framework underlying this review is one that presents gender behavior in children and adolescents as a continuum rather than as a dichotomy of normal versus abnormal categories. Theories of normative gender development, prevalence, assessment, developmental trajectories, and comorbidity were investigated. There is a greater fluidity and likelihood of change in the pre-pubertal period. It was reported that the majority of affected children had been eventually developing a homosexual orientation. As an approach to determine the prevalence of GID in clinical samples in our child psychiatry clinic, screening instruments that include items on cross-gender or cross-sex identification were used. We applied the Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL). Of the 113 items in the Japanese version of the CBCL, there are two measures of cross-gender identification: "behaves like opposite sex" and "wishes to be opposite sex." Like the other items, they are scored on a 3-point scale of: 0-not true, 1- somewhat true, and 2-very true. Our study of 323 clinically-referred children aged 4-15 years reported that, among the boys, 9.6% assigned a score of 1 (somewhat true) or a score of 2 (very true) to the two items. The corresponding rates for the clinically-referred girls were 24.5%. The item of diagnosis of GID in our clinical sample was significantly higher than in non-referred children, reported as 2-5% using the same method. Two clinical case histories of screened children are also presented. Both of them were diagnosed with PDDNOS. Together with the literature review, most of the gender-related symptoms in autistic spectrum disorders (ASD) could be related to the behavioral and psychological characteristics of autism as shown in case histories. ASD subjects in adolescence can sometimes develop a unique confusion of identity that occasionally exaggerates to gender-related problems. However, these views do not explain all cases; true comorbidity of ASD and GID should be considered. A full assessment including evaluation of the family, school, and social environment is essential as other emotional and behavioral problems are very common and unresolved issues in the child's environment are often present e. g., loss. Separation problems are particularly common in the younger group. Intervention should aim to assist development, particularly that of gender identity. It should focus on ameliorating the comorbid problems and difficulties in the child's life and reducing the distress experienced by the child. PMID:23691817

Yamashita, Hiroshi

2013-01-01

471

"Giving Psychology Away": Some Experiences Teaching Undergraduates Practical Psychology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Argues that the bulk of most undergraduate psychology curriculum is geared towards preparing students for graduate study. Proposes several specific curriculum changes designed to give the general undergraduate a working and useful knowledge of some of the fundamental concepts concerning psychology. Includes course outlines and structured…

Grasha, Anthony F.

1998-01-01

472

Counseling Psychology Doctoral Students' Training Experiences in Primary Care Psychology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This qualitative study focused on counseling psychology doctoral students' perspectives regarding their practicum training experience in primary care psychology. The four participants included three females and one male. Semi-structured individual and focus group interviews were used to explore participants' experiences. The participants described…

Cox, Jared

2011-01-01

473

Psychology and Pluralism: Toward the Psychological Studies1  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, it is argued that efforts to devise a unified theory of psychological knowledge are problematic, and that the cultivation of multiple theoretical lenses contributes to a more useful and self-aware psychology. Various forms of unificationism, and the rationales behind such efforts, are discussed. Two drawbacks of unified theories are then explored, along with the virtues of multiplicity.

Suzanne R. Kirschner

2006-01-01

474

The Window on Psychology's Literature: A History of Psychological Abstracts  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

With the rapid expansion of scientific information at the end of the 19th century, disciplines sought ways to keep their members abreast of the relevant research. Those pressures were felt in the science of psychology in the United States, where psychologists developed a bibliographic aid, The Psychological Index, in 1895 only a little more than a…

Benjamin, Ludy T., Jr.; VandenBos, Gary R.

2006-01-01

475

Effect of having a subsequent child on the mental health of women who lost a child in the 2008 Sichuan earthquake: a cross-sectional study  

PubMed Central

Abstract Objective To assess whether having a subsequent child had an effect on the mental health of Chinese mothers who lost a child during an earthquake. Methods A cross-sectional survey of bereaved mothers was conducted 30 to 34 months after the 2008 Sichuan earthquake using individual structured interviews to assess sociodemographic characteristics, post-disaster experiences and mental health. The interviews incorporated standardized psychometric measures of anxiety, depression, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and complicated grief (CG). Social support was also assessed. An adjusted model taking potential confounders into account was used to explore any association between psychological symptoms and the birth of a subsequent child. Findings The prevalence of psychological symptoms was higher in mothers who did not have a child after losing the first one. In an adjusted model, symptoms of anxiety (odds ratio, OR: 3.37; 95% confidence interval, CI: 1.51–7.50), depression (OR: 9.47; 95% CI: 2.58–34.80), PTSD (OR: 5.11; 95% CI: 2.31–11.34) and CG (OR: 10.73; 95% CI: 1.88–61.39) were significantly higher among the 116 women without a subsequent child than among the 110 mothers who had another child after bereavement. More than two thirds of the mothers with new infants had clinically important psychological symptoms. Conclusion Women who have lost an only child in a natural disaster are especially vulnerable to long-term psychological problems, especially if they have reached an age when conception is difficult. Research should focus on developing and evaluating interventions designed to provide women with psychosocial support and reproductive services.

Herrman, Helen; Bentley, Rebecca; Tsutsumi, Atsuro; Fisher, Jane

2014-01-01

476

Death of an Adult Child  

MedlinePLUS

... com Compassionate Friends Credit Card Contact Us Donate Death of an Adult Child The death of any child, regardless of cause or age, ... the situations that may have caused their child’s death. Judgmental statements from others indicating that the child ...

477

Child Abuse: The Role of the Orthopaedic Surgeon in Nonaccidental Trauma  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background  Child abuse presents in many different forms: physical, sexual, psychological, and neglect. The orthopaedic surgeon is involved\\u000a mostly with physical abuse but should be aware of the other forms. There is limited training regarding child abuse, and the\\u000a documentation is poor when a patient is at risk for abuse. There is a considerable risk to children when abuse is not

Ernest L. Sink; Joshua E. Hyman; Travis Matheny; Gaia Georgopoulos; Paul Kleinman

2011-01-01

478

The Role of Parental Coping in Children with Asthma's Psychological Well-being and Asthma-related Quality of Life  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective The primary purpose of our study was to examine the relationship between parental coping and children with asthma's psychological well-being and asthma-related quality of life (ArQL). Methods Eighty-nine mother-child dyads with a child with asthma ranging in age from 8 to 12-years old participated. During baseline and 6 month follow-up visits, children completed questionnaires assessing anxiety and ArQL; mothers

Jessica Sales; Robyn Fivush; Gerald W. Teague

2008-01-01

479

Traveling Psychology Fair: Learner-Centered Outreach Activities to Stimulate Interest in Psychology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Traveling Psychology Fair is designed to bridge the gap between secondary and college psychology education, encourage enthusiasm for the study of psychology, enhance teaching resources for high school psychology instructors, and promote a deeper understanding of psychological principles for psychology majors. Consisting of 24 outreach…

Johnson, Andrew T.; Mandernach, B. Jean

2006-01-01

480

Child's Play: Therapist's Narrative  

PubMed Central

Play has been recognized as an essential component to children's healthy development. Schools of play therapy differ philosophically and technically, but they all embrace the therapeutic and developmental properties of play. This case report is an illustration of how a 6-year-old child with emotional disorder was facilitated to express concerns in child-centered play therapy. The paper discusses the therapist's narration of the child's play.

Reddy, Rajakumari P.; Hirisave, Uma

2014-01-01

481

Complex patterns of abnormal heartbeats  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Individuals having frequent abnormal heartbeats interspersed with normal heartbeats may be at an increased risk of sudden cardiac death. However, mechanistic understanding of such cardiac arrhythmias is limited. We present a visual and qualitative method to display statistical properties of abnormal heartbeats. We introduce dynamical ``heartprints'' which reveal characteristic patterns in long clinical records encompassing ~105 heartbeats and may provide information about underlying mechanisms. We test if these dynamics can be reproduced by model simulations in which abnormal heartbeats are generated (i) randomly, (ii) at a fixed time interval following a preceding normal heartbeat, or (iii) by an independent oscillator that may or may not interact with the normal heartbeat. We compare the results of these three models and test their limitations to comprehensively simulate the statistical features of selected clinical records. This work introduces methods that can be used to test mathematical models of arrhythmogenesis and to develop a new understanding of underlying electrophysiologic mechanisms of cardiac arrhythmia.

Schulte-Frohlinde, Verena; Ashkenazy, Yosef; Goldberger, Ary L.; Ivanov, Plamen Ch.; Costa, Madalena; Morley-Davies, Adrian; Stanley, H. Eugene; Glass, Leon

2002-09-01

482

Complex patterns of abnormal heartbeats  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Individuals having frequent abnormal heartbeats interspersed with normal heartbeats may be at an increased risk of sudden cardiac death. However, mechanistic understanding of such cardiac arrhythmias is limited. We present a visual and qualitative method to display statistical properties of abnormal heartbeats. We introduce dynamical "heartprints" which reveal characteristic patterns in long clinical records encompassing approximately 10(5) heartbeats and may provide information about underlying mechanisms. We test if these dynamics can be reproduced by model simulations in which abnormal heartbeats are generated (i) randomly, (ii) at a fixed time interval following a preceding normal heartbeat, or (iii) by an independent oscillator that may or may not interact with the normal heartbeat. We compare the results of these three models and test their limitations to comprehensively simulate the statistical features of selected clinical records. This work introduces methods that can be used to test mathematical models of arrhythmogenesis and to develop a new understanding of underlying electrophysiologic mechanisms of cardiac arrhythmia.

Schulte-Frohlinde, Verena; Ashkenazy, Yosef; Goldberger, Ary L.; Ivanov, Plamen Ch; Costa, Madalena; Morley-Davies, Adrian; Stanley, H. Eugene; Glass, Leon

2002-01-01

483

Immune abnormalities in myelodysplastic syndromes.  

PubMed Central

The immune states of 52 patients with myelodysplastic syndromes classified according to the FAB criteria were studied. Serum electrophoresis and immunoelectrophoresis, direct Coombs test, and tests for organ and non-organ specific antibodies were performed. Twenty six patients had immunoglobulin abnormalities: six (11.5%) had monoclonal gammopathy; 17 (32.6%) had polyclonal increases in serum immunoglobulin; while in three (5.8%) immunoglobulin concentrations were decreased. The distribution of immunoglobulin abnormalities among the five myelodysplastic syndrome subtypes was fairly uniform. Results of direct Coombs test were negative in all cases. Organ specific antibodies were not detected in any of the patients tested, although two patients were found positive for antinuclear antibodies. The presence of immunoglobulin abnormalities indicates an involvement of the lymphoplasmatic system in myelodysplastic syndromes.

Economopoulos, T; Economidou, J; Giannopoulos, G; Terzoglou, C; Papageorgiou, E; Dervenoulas, J; Arseni, P; Hadjioannou, J; Raptis, S

1985-01-01

484

Adolescent psychological development, parenting styles, and pediatric decision making.  

PubMed

The United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child risks harm to adolescents insofar as it encourages not only poor decision making by adolescents but also parenting styles that will have an adverse impact on the development of mature decision-making capacities in them. The empirical psychological and neurophysiological data weigh against augmenting and expression of the rights of children. Indeed, the data suggest grounds for expanding parental authority, not limiting its scope. At the very least, any adequate appreciation of the moral claims regarding the authority of parents with respect to the decision-making capacity of adolescents needs to be set within an understanding of the psychological and neurophysiological facts regarding the development of adolescent decision-making capacity. PMID:20870933

Partridge, Brian C

2010-10-01

485

Community factors supporting child mental Health.  

PubMed

A principal purpose of this article has been to examine the gap between research and practice in relation to community factors in child mental health. Two caveats were introduced in preparation for this assessment. First, it was pointed out that the definition of communities has been expanded by considering the organizing properties of social aggregates that are not simply a function of the race, ethnicity, or social class of individuals who compose them. Having these definitions grounded in theory substantially advances the needs of research and the design and goals of community-level interventions. The second caveat relates to the boundaries of the disciplines that cater to the needs of children. During the same era when child psychiatry is largely occupied with placing psychotropic medications at the center of clinical approaches, there is an important effort in child psychology and sociology to cut across their disciplinary confines to form more comprehensive designs that are sensitive to experiences and circumstances that emerge from specific aspects of community context. Research from the PHDCN was used as an example of this new interdisciplinary approach. Several community-based research projects were selected for review based on their clear implications to improve context-sensitive assessment of child mental health and design effective community-based interventions to improve child mental health. The Healthy Start and CATCH programs indicate that involving child professionals at the grassroots of community life requires skill and patience but that the effort is satisfying and potentially effective. Other examples, exemplified by North Carolina's Smart Start initiative and the program of developmental assets from the Search Institute, demonstrate coherent approaches that provide a foundation for long-term capacity building in assessment, local decision making, and the design and evaluation of interventions. Three conclusions are warranted from this discussion. The first conclusion suggests that research in child development generally, and child mental health specifically, does not incorporate the social ecology of the child is seriously flawed. There is a broad recognition within most sectors of society that the quality of civic engagement is of critical importance to community efforts to improve the health and well-being of children. This is true for all communities and families, regardless of their levels of material wealth and educational achievement. It is also well understood that poverty undermines the well-being and life chances of children. For this reason, the third conclusion requires that intensive, sustained efforts be made to eradicate poverty and reverse the current economic trend toward growing economic disparity. The implications of this knowledge for the practice of child psychiatry are not new ones. In many ways, they advocate for a re-examination of the historical roots of the field as it defined approaches to juvenile justice, school counseling, and early intellectual enrichment for economically disadvantaged preschool children. All these efforts were sensitive to children's social environment, and child psychiatrists viewed their success in taking on the challenges of changing schools, courts, and community and family environments. These challenges hardly have been overcome. The requirements of understanding and evaluating community supports for children are a fundamental component in the training and practice of child psychiatry. To quote the U.S. Surgeon General in a preamble to the recent Report on Child Mental Health: One way to ensure that our health system meets children's mental health needs is to move toward a community based health system that balances health promotion, disease prevention, early detection and universal access. PMID:11588798

Earls, F

2001-10-01

486

Parenting during toddlerhood: Contributions of parental, contextual, and child characteristics  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present study examines the contribution of parental, contextual, and child characteristics to parenting behavior during toddlerhood in 111 two-parent families with a 17-month-old son (M = 16.9 months, SD = 0.57). Parenting was conceptualized in terms of five dimensions: support, structure, positive discipline, psychological control, and physical punishment. In general, results indicate that the effects of parental, contextual, and

M. Verhoeven; M. Junger; Aken van C; M. Dekovi?; Aken van M. A. G

2007-01-01

487

Birth Order, Child Labor, and School Attendance in Brazil  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines the effects of birth order on the child labor incidence and school attendance of Brazilian children. Evidence from the psychology and sociology literature suggests that earlier-born children tend to have higher innate abilities. The economic implications of these findings are that earlier-born children may have more intra-household resources directed to them when they are young, and better

André Portela Souza

2008-01-01

488

Psychological stress and fibromyalgia: a review of the evidence suggesting a neuroendocrine link  

PubMed Central

The present review attempts to reconcile the dichotomy that exists in the literature in relation to fibromyalgia, in that it is considered either a somatic response to psychological stress or a distinct organically based syndrome. Specifically, the hypothesis explored is that the link between chronic stress and the subsequent development of fibromyalgia can be explained by one or more abnormalities in neuroendocrine function. There are several such abnormalities recognised that both occur as a result of chronic stress and are observed in fibromyalgia. Whether such abnormalities have an aetiologic role remains uncertain but should be testable by well-designed prospective studies.

Gupta, Anindya; Silman, Alan J

2004-01-01

489

The Role of Experimental Psychology in the Scientific Analysis of Psychopathology  

Microsoft Academic Search

To analyze the contribution of experimental psychology to the analysis of psychopathology, general conceptions of abnormal behavior are first examined. It is concluded that a psychobiological formulation is the most adequate; it suggests that complete knowledge of psychopathology requires that: (a) predisposing factors are specified, (b) events initiating acute episodes of psychopathology are isolated, and (c) scientifically valid descriptions of

Arne öhman

1981-01-01

490

Psychological stress and fibromyalgia: a review of the evidence suggesting a neuroendocrine link  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present review attempts to reconcile the dichotomy that exists in the literature in relation to fibromyalgia, in that it is considered either a somatic response to psychological stress or a distinct organically based syndrome. Specifically, the hypothesis explored is that the link between chronic stress and the subsequent development of fibromyalgia can be explained by one or more abnormalities

Anindya Gupta; Alan J Silman

2004-01-01

491

Adolescents and child maltreatment.  

PubMed

Child maltreatment is a very complex medical and social problem. Many children have died as a result of child maltreatment; others are depressed, engaging in risky behaviors and substance abuse and running away from home. The purpose of this article is to provide an overview of child maltreatment in the United States. Characteristics and contributing factors of maltreatment are described, and health and behavior problems associated with maltreated adolescents will be reviewed. Additionally the role of the school nurse will be discussed. It is imperative that school nurses are aware of the significance of the problem and the effects that child maltreatment has on children as they mature into early adulthood. PMID:24707655

Beard, Joyce W

2014-03-01

492

Craniocervical junction abnormalities in dogs.  

PubMed

Craniocervical junction abnormality (CJA) is a term that encompasses a number of developmental anatomical aberrations at the region of the caudal occiput and first two cervical vertebrae. Chiari-like malformation appears to be the most common CJA encountered in dogs, and there has been a tremendous amount of clinical investigation into this disorder in recent years. Other abnormalities in this region include atlanto-occipital overlap, dorsal constriction at C1/C2 and atlantoaxial instability. This review article presents an overview of the current understanding of CJA in dogs, as well as medical and surgical treatment options available. PMID:23556552

Dewey, C W; Marino, D J; Loughin, C A

2013-07-01

493

Neuroimaging in children, adolescents and young adults with psychological trauma.  

PubMed

Childhood psychological trauma is a strong predictor of psychopathology. Preclinical research points to the influence of this type of trauma on brain development. However, the effects of psychological trauma on the developing human brain are less known and a challenging question is whether the effects can be reversed or even prevented. The aim of this review is to give an overview of neuroimaging studies in traumatized juveniles and young adults up till 2012. Neuroimaging studies in children and adolescents with traumatic experiences were found to be scarce. Most studies were performed by a small number of research groups in the United States and examined structural abnormalities. The reduction in hippocampal volume reported in adults with PTSD could not be confirmed in juveniles. The most consistent finding in children and adolescents, who experienced psychological trauma are structural abnormalities of the corpus callosum. We could not identify any studies investigating treatment effects. Neuroimaging studies in traumatized children and adolescents clearly lag behind studies in traumatized adults as well as studies on ADHD and autism. PMID:23553572

Rinne-Albers, Mirjam A W; van der Wee, Nic J A; Lamers-Winkelman, Francien; Vermeiren, Robert R J M

2013-12-01

494

Papers and Reports on Child Language Development, Volume 26. Proceedings of the Child Language Research Forum (19th, Stanford, California, April 3-5, 1987).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presented is a collection of 14 conference papers on various aspects of child language acquisition. Papers and authors include: "Language and Psychological Development" (Jean Berko Gleason); "Regression in the Phonological Development of Two Children" (Ken M. Bleile, J. Bruce Tomblin); "Children's Acquisition of the Locality Condition for…

Clark, Eve V., Ed.; Holden, Gary, Ed.

495

School Psychology in South America.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The literature discussing professional practices of school psychology in South America is very meager. This study attempted to identify demographic characteristics of school psychologists in four South American countries, their typical responsibilities, significant problems, and threats that jeopardize the delivery of psychological services within…

Wechsler, Solange; Oakland, Thomas

496

Psychology's influence on constitutional interpretation  

Microsoft Academic Search

When organized psychology files amicus briefs with the Supreme Court and other courts, it does so for a variety of reasons and seeks to advance a number of policy objectives. The thesis of this article is that pursuit of some of those objectives is improper and that their pursuit threatens to defeat other objectives. Psychology's expertise is not in constitutional

Thomas Grisso; Michael J. Sakst

1991-01-01

497

The first course in psychology  

Microsoft Academic Search

The author reviews a literature of 112 titles. He discusses the published objectives of the course and concludes that three major objectives need emphasis: (1) acquaintance with most important and most generally accepted facts, principles, and hypotheses of psychology; (2) development of the habit of critical and objective analysis of psychological problems; (3) understanding on the part of the student

D. Wolfle

1942-01-01

498

Teaching Psychology to Computing Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of this paper is two-fold. The first aim is to discuss some observations gained from teaching psychology to computing students, highlighting both the wide range of areas where psychology is relevant to computing education and the topics that are relevant at different stages of students' education. The second aim is to consider findings…

Taylor, Jacqui

2008-01-01

499

Psychological Anthropology and Educational Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article (1) recommends how psychological anthropologists might more effectively influence educational research; (2) delineates likely priority problems for such research; and (3) takes up a fundamental criticism that might appear to argue that psychological anthropology would not further the study of education. (MM)

Harrington, Charles

1976-01-01

500

THE THEORY DEBATE IN PSYCHOLOGY  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper is a conceptual analysis of the theory debate in psychology, as carried out by cognitivists and radical behaviorists. The debate has focused on the necessity of theories in psychology. However, the logically primary issue is the nature of theories, or what theories are. This claim stems from the fact that cognitivists and radical behaviorists adopt disparate accounts of

José E. Burgos

2007-01-01