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1

Abraham\\'s Astronomy Lesson  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Lord helps Abraham to understand what kind of relationship they had in the premortal world - a relationship that can be ours. Planets, Orbits and Time Using LDS Scriptures carefully read Abraham 3:2-10. Be sure to use the footnotes to help you understand some of the terms. The Lord is basically giving Abraham a lesson on planets, orbits and time. He explains to Abraham the relationship of different planets or moons to Kolob ...

Brandt, Bro.

2005-12-03

2

Mario Bunge's Scientific Realism  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper presents and comments on Mario Bunge's scientific realism. After a brief introduction in Sects. 1 and 2 outlines Bunge's conception of realism. Focusing on the case of quantum mechanics, Sect. 3 explores how his approach plays out for problematic theories. Section 4 comments on Bunge's project against the background of the current debate on realism in contemporary analytic philosophy.

Cordero, Alberto

2012-10-01

3

Mario Bunge's Scientific Realism  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper presents and comments on Mario Bunge's scientific realism. After a brief introduction in Sects. 1 and 2 outlines Bunge's conception of realism. Focusing on the case of quantum mechanics, Sect. 3 explores how his approach plays out for problematic theories. Section 4 comments on Bunge's project against the background of the current…

Cordero, Alberto

2012-01-01

4

Abraham Gottob Werner  

USGS Multimedia Gallery

Abraham Gottob Werner(1750-1817), along with James Hutton, is considered one of the founders of Geology. This German geologist's work was mostly concerned with the formation of the Earth and the formation of rocks. He focused on the color, luster, streak, and hardness of rocks and minerals, rather t...

2009-07-22

5

Abraham Lincoln's Gettysburg illness.  

PubMed

When Abraham Lincoln delivered the Gettysburg Address, he was weak and dizzy; his face had a ghastly colour. That evening on the train to Washington, DC, he was febrile and weak, and suffered severe headaches. The symptoms continued; back pains developed. On the fourth day of the illness, a widespread scarlet rash appeared that soon became vesicular. By the tenth day, the lesions itched and peeled. The illness lasted three weeks. The final diagnosis, a touch of varioloid, was an old name for smallpox that was later used in the 20th century to denote mild smallpox in a partially immune individual. It was unclear whether Lincoln had been immunized against smallpox. Indeed, this review suggests that Lincoln had unmodified smallpox and that Lincoln's physicians tried to reassure the public that Lincoln was not seriously ill. Indeed, the successful conclusion of the Civil War and reunification of the country were dependent upon Lincoln's presidency. PMID:17551612

Goldman, Armond S; Schmalstieg, Frank C

2007-05-01

6

MELCHIZEDEK, ABRAHAM, AND BIBLICAL ACCURACY  

Microsoft Academic Search

The science of archaeology has been a multiple benefactor to the Bible student. It has helped to clarify some passages that heretofore may have been a bit obscure. Too, this discipline frequently has shown that the biblical record bears the marks of genuine history. After Abraham settled in Hebron, and Lot, his nephew, pitched his tent in the vicinity of

Wayne Jackson

7

Abraham Lincoln and the Movies  

Microsoft Academic Search

Comparatively little work has been done on how Abraham Lincoln has been represented in American cinema. Yet movies have been a major – and during the first half of the twentieth century probably the major – influence on how his memory has been constructed in American popular culture. This article analyzes changing representations of Lincoln on screen, showing that differing

Melvyn Stokes

2011-01-01

8

Mario Bunge's Philosophy of Mathematics: An Appraisal  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In this paper, I present and discuss critically the main elements of Mario Bunge's philosophy of mathematics. In particular, I explore how mathematical knowledge is accounted for in Bunge's systemic emergent materialism.|

Marquis, Jean-Pierre

2012-01-01

9

Mario Bunge: Physicist and Philosopher  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Mario Bunge was born in Argentina in the final year of the First World War.He learnt atomic physics and quantum mechanics from an Austrian refugee who had been a student of Heisenberg. Additionally he taught himself modern philosophy in an environment that was a philosophical backwater. He was the first South American philosopher of science to be trained in science. His publications in physics, philosophy, psychology, sociology and the foundations of biology, are staggering in number, and include a massive 8-volume Treatise on Philosophy. The unifying thread of his scholarship is the constant and vigorous advancement of the Enlightenment Project, and criticism of cultural and academic movements that deny or devalue the core planks of the project: namely its naturalism, the search for truth, the universality of science, rationality, and respect for individuals. At a time when specialisation is widely decried, and its deleterious effects on science, philosophy of science, educational research and science teaching are recognised - it is salutary to see the fruits of one person's pursuit of the Big'' scientific and philosophical picture.

Matthews, Michael R.

10

Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library & Museum  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

President Abraham Lincoln may finally receive his just due after the completion of the Presidential Library and Museum in Springfield, Illinois in 2004. For now, visitors can explore this Web site, which features information about the Library (which was dedicated on November 18, 2002), the Museum (which will be finished in 2004), and President Lincoln himself. Designed and maintained by the State of Illinois and the Illinois Historic Preservation Agency, the site contains sections devoted to the architecture of the entire 115 million dollar complex, including floor plans and general information about the contents of both buildings. Young people will be delighted by the Kids Page, which is dedicated to providing educational and entertaining material about Lincoln's family, the Lincoln Penny campaign, and of course selections from President Lincoln's legendary wit. For educators, there are links to the Illinois History Teacher Magazine, a Lincoln chronology, and a great section on quotes wrongly attributed to President Lincoln.

2002-01-01

11

Abraham Flexner and medical education.  

PubMed

The Flexner Report had its roots in the recognition in the mid-19th century that medical knowledge is not something fixed but something that grows and evolves. This new view of medical knowledge led to a recasting of the goal of medical education as that of instilling the proper techniques of acquiring and evaluating information rather than merely inculcating facts through rote memorization. Abraham Flexner, a brilliant educator, had the background to understand and popularize the meaning of this new view of education, and he took the unprecedented step of relating the developments in medical education to the ideas of John Dewey and the progressive education movement. Although the Flexner Report is typically viewed as a historical document--due to an understandable tendency to refer only to the second half of the report, where Flexner provides his famous critiques of the medical schools that existed at the time--this article argues that the Flexner Report is actually a living educational document of as much significance to medical educators today as in Flexner's time. The article analyzes Flexner's discussion of medical education and shows that his message--the importance of academic excellence, professional leadership, proper financial support, and service and altruism--is timeless, as applicable to the proper education of physicians today and tomorrow as in the past. PMID:21399378

Ludmerer, Kenneth M

2011-01-01

12

Students Speak With NASA Astronaut Mario Runco  

NASA Video Gallery

From NASA’s International Space Station Mission Control Center, NASA astronaut Mario Runco participates in a Digital Learning Network (DLN) event with students in the Newell School District in Newell, S.D. The DLN connects students and teachers with NASA experts and education specialists using online communication technologies like video/web conferencing and webcasting. Register for free, interactive events listed in the catalog or watch the webcasts. http://dln.nasa.gov

John Kossum

2012-06-07

13

Gene therapy (somatic cell), Mario CapecchiSite: DNA Interactive (www.dnai.org)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Interviewee: Mario Capecchi DNAi Location: Applications>Genes and Medicine>Gene targeting>Possibilities Cell therapy (somatic) Mario Capecchi talks about the possibility of correcting genetic defects.

2008-03-26

14

Resolution of the Abraham-Minkowski controversy  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The momentum of light inside ponderable media has an electromagnetic part and a mechanical part. The local and instantaneous density of the electromagnetic part of the momentum is given by the Poynting vector divided by the square of the speed of light in vacuum, irrespective of the nature of the electromagnetic fields or the local or global properties of the material media. The mechanical part of the momentum is associated with the action of the electromagnetic field on the atomic constituents of the media, as specified by the Lorentz law of force. Proper interpretation and application of the Maxwell-Lorentz equations within the material bodies as well as at their surfaces and interfaces is all that is needed to obtain a complete picture of the momentum of light, including detailed numerical values at each and every point in space and time. That the Abraham-Minkowski controversy surrounding the momentum of light inside material media has persisted for nearly a century is due perhaps to an insufficient appreciation for the completeness and consistency of the macroscopic Maxwell-Lorentz theory, inadequate treatment of the electromagnetic force and torque at the material boundaries, and an undue emphasis on the necessity of coupling the equations of electrodynamics to those of the theory of elasticity for proper treatment of mechanical momentum. The present paper reports the resolution of the Abraham-Minkowski controversy within the framework of the classical theory of electrodynamics, without resort to such complicating and ultimately unnecessary factors as pseudo-momentum, special surface forces, alternative energy-momentum tensors, and hidden momenta, that have caused so much confusion for such a long period of time.

Mansuripur, Masud

2010-05-01

15

Maria and Mario Montessori: A Partnership for the Child. [Videotape].  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Noting that an examination of the historical and biographical context in which the Montessori educational theory and methods were developed can provide important insights into this educational approach, this 15-minute videotape explores the lives of Maria Montessori and her son Mario. Part 1 of the video, "Discovery: The Pioneering Generation,"…

Clark, Doug; Kahn, David

16

On Mario Bunge's Definition of System and System Boundary  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this short paper we discuss Mario Bunge's definition of system boundary. It is quickly discovered that Bunge's definition of system and system boundary are both deficient. We thus propose new definitions, which (hopefully) improve the situation. Our definition of system boundary works off the same intuition behind Bunge's.

Cavallo, Andrew M.

2012-10-01

17

On Mario Bunge's Definition of System and System Boundary  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In this short paper we discuss Mario Bunge's definition of system boundary. It is quickly discovered that Bunge's definition of system and system boundary are both deficient. We thus propose new definitions, which (hopefully) improve the situation. Our definition of system boundary works off the same intuition behind Bunge's.|

Cavallo, Andrew M.

2012-01-01

18

Abraham Lincoln and the global economy.  

PubMed

Abraham Lincoln would have well understood the challenges facing many modern emerging nations. In Lincoln's America, as in many developing nations today, sweeping economic change threatened older industries, traditional ways of living, and social and national cohesion by exposing economies and societies to new and powerful competitive forces. Yet even in the midst of the brutal and expensive American Civil war--and in part because of it--Lincoln and the Republican Congress enacted bold legislation that helped create a huge national market, a strong and unified economy governed by national institutions, and a rising middle class of businessmen and property owners. Figuring out how to maximize the benefits of globalization while minimizing its disruptions is a formidable challenge for policy makers. How do you expand opportunities for the talented and the lucky while making sure the rest of society doesn't fall behind? It may be helpful to look at the principles that informed the policies that Lincoln and the Republican Congress instituted after they came to power in 1861: Facilitate the upward mobility of low- and middle-income groups to give them a significant stake in the country. Emphasize the good of the national economy over regional interests. Affirm the need for sound government institutions to temper the dynamics of the free enterprise system. Tailor policies to the national situation. Realize that a period of turmoil may present a unique opportunity for reform. These principles drove the reforms that helped Americans cope with and benefit from rapid technological advances and the fast integration of the American economy in the nineteenth century. They may be instructive to today's policy makers who are struggling to help their own citizens integrate into the fast-changing global economy of the twenty-first century. PMID:12884668

Hormats, Robert D

2003-08-01

19

Technique to control a gene (Part 2), Mario CapecchiSite: DNA Interactive (www.dnai.org)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Interviewee: Mario Capecchi DNAi Location:Applications>Genes and medicine>Gene targeting Technique to control a gene (Part II) Mario Capecchi continues his explanation of the technique he uses to control genes in mice.

2008-03-26

20

The advantages of mouse models for human disease, Mario CapecchiSite: DNA Interactive (www.dnai.org)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Interviewee: Mario Capecchi DNAi Location:Applications>Genes and medicine>Gene targeting>Animal models Mouse models Mario Capecchi talks about the advantages of working with mice to study genetic disorders.

2008-03-26

21

Promises of gene therapy, Mario CapecchiSite: DNA Interactive (www.dnai.org)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Interviewee: Mario Capecchi DNAi Location: Applications>Genes and Medicine>Gene targeting>Possibilities Possibilities for new therapies Mario Capecchi talks about the possible use of embryonic stem cells and gene targeting techniques to develop new therapies for for diabetes and Parkinson's.

2008-03-26

22

Auroral observations at the Mario Zucchelli Base (Antarctica). Morphological features.  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Auroral displays are the visible manifestation of the solar wind-magnetosphere-ionosphere interaction at the high latitude polar regions. The study of this phenomenon is very relevant for both the investigation of the magnetosphere-ionosphere coupling and the comprehension of the overall magnetospheric dynamics during the so-called magnetic substorms. Here, we present some preliminary results on the morphological features of the auroral emission as observed at the Mario Zucchelli station in Antarctica during a recent winter campaign. In particular, we are going to show how the morphology of the auroral emission changes with the wavelength (630.0 nm, 557.7 nm and 427.8 nm).

Consolini, G.; Balsamo, E. P.; Candidi, M.; De Michelis, P.; Marcucci, M. F.; Morici, L.

23

"Happy Birthday, Mr. President!" New Books for Abraham Lincoln's Bicentennial  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Stories about Abraham Lincoln have captivated children for generations. The Lincoln story has taken on almost mythic proportions, making it difficult to separate fact from fiction or exaggeration. Young readers never tire of talking about Lincoln's early days--from his birth in a log cabin in Hardin County, Kentucky to his childhood in…

Young, Terrell A.; Ward, Barbara A.; Day, Deanna

2009-01-01

24

The Dynamics of Promise: Narrative Logic in the Abraham Story  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Abraham narrative (Gen 11:27-25:11) has long been approaches history, or as a source for history, whether of actual events, or of Israelite literature, religion, and theology. With the development of the modern principles of historical enquiry, biblical scholars felt the need to examine critically the historical veracity of the biblical text. Critics noted many textual features, which, from such

Michael Paul DeRoche

1986-01-01

25

THE DYNAMICS OF PROMISE: NARRATIVE LOGIC IN THE ABRAHAM STORY  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Abraham narrative (Gen 11:27-25:11) has long been approached as history, or as a source for history, whether of actual events, or of Israelite literature, religion, and theology. With the development of the modern principles of historical enquiry, biblical scholars felt the need to examine critically the historical veracity of the biblical text. Critics noted many textual features, which, from

MICHAEL PAUL DEROCHE

1986-01-01

26

A Minkowski-Abraham-Eckart unified energy-momentum tensor  

Microsoft Academic Search

The controversy over the correct relativistic form for the electromagnetic energy momentum tensor valid in polarized (and magnetized) media still exists. The present paper shows that under the requirement that the total field and matter energy-momentum tensor be symmetric, Minkowski's tensor together with Eckart's nonsymmetry tensor is equal to the sum of Eckart's symmetric tensor with Abraham's tensor. It is

M. Kranys

1979-01-01

27

Modern Women, Traditional Abrahamic Religions and Interpreting Sacred Texts  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article surveys some of the ways in which certain representative feminists from each of the Abrahamic religions have argued that patriarchal religious traditions have systematically excluded women from contributing to traditionally accepted interpretations of their sacred texts. It shows how, in response to this exclusion, feminist theologians from each of these religions have observed a need to interpret the

Victoria S. Harrison

2007-01-01

28

Abraham Ortelius and the hermetic meaning of the cordiform projection  

Microsoft Academic Search

The cordiform projection employed by Oronce Fine, Gerard Mercator and Abraham Ortelius may have had a hermetic meaning. The focus in this paper is on Ortelius, for recent studies have suggested connections between Ortelius, Christopher Plantin and a clandestine religious sect in Antwerp, called the Family of Love (Family of Charity), whose emblem was the heart, source of divine illumination

Giorgio Mangani

1998-01-01

29

Abraham Lincoln & the Colony on Ile-a-Vache  

Microsoft Academic Search

Just after the Emancipation Proclamation went into effect (1 Jan 1863) Abraham Lincoln signed a contract with two New York capitalists to transport 500 newly-freed ex-slaves to Ile-a-Vache, Haiti, where they would, under company supervision, found and maintain a colony. From the start, little went right. Failure was due largely to mismanagement and chicanery on the part of the company.

Robert Bray

2012-01-01

30

Third Annual Mario S. Verani, MD, Memorial Lecture: The future of clinical nuclear cardiology  

Microsoft Academic Search

It is a great honor and privilege to present the Third Annual Mario S. Verani, MD, Memorial Lecture. Mario Verani (1943–2001)\\u000a will be remembered foremost for his major contributions to the field of nuclear cardiology (Figure 1).1,2 For instance, he was one of the first investigators to recognize that fixed thallium defects were often not just scar but\\u000a could be

Frans J. Th. Wackers; Mario S. Verani

2005-01-01

31

Observation of the Intrinsic Abraham Force in Time-Varying Magnetic and Electric Fields  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Abraham force exerted by a time-dependent electromagnetic field on neutral, polarizable matter has two contributions. The one induced by a time-varying magnetic field and a static electric field is reported here for the first time. We discuss our results in the context of the radiative momentum in matter. Our observations are consistent with Abraham’s and Nelson’s versions for radiative momentum.

Rikken, G. L. J. A.; van Tiggelen, B. A.

2012-06-01

32

The momentum of light in media: the Abraham-Minkowski controversy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract The controversy arises due to Abraham’s and Minkowski’s calculations disagreeing as to whether the momentum,carried by an electromagnetic field is increased or decreased,by the presence,of a refractive medium. This paper starts by providing an overview of the life of Abraham and Minkowski. The opinions on the controversy, and solutions for the controversy proposed by physicists over the past century

Peter Bowyer

33

Abraham Flexner and the black medical schools. 1992.  

PubMed Central

"Abraham Flexner and the Black Medical Schools" first appeared in Beyond Flexner: Medical Education in the Twentieth Century, Barbara Barzansky and Norman Gevitz, eds. Copyright 1992 by Barbara Barzansky and Norman Gevitz. Reproduced with permission of Greenwood Publishing Group Inc., Westport, CT. The article will be reprinted in a collection of the author's writings on African-American medical history called Race and Medicine in Nineteenth- and Early-Twentieth-Century America, to be published in December 2006 by Kent State University Press and published here with permission of the Kent State University Press.

Savitt, Todd

2006-01-01

34

A Special Family Series. Mario and Clara Hernandez. Clara Finds a Friend = Lina Familia Especial. Mario y Clara Hernandez. Clara Eucuentra una Amiga.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|These two comic books are part of the "Very Special Family" series, created by and for Hispanic parents of children with special needs. The materials are designed to help parents deal with the emotional difficulties of raising a child with disabilities. The booklets are printed in both English and Spanish. In Part 1, "Mario and Clara Hernandez,"…

Cazares, Maria

35

Mario Montessori: In Search of a Deeper Freedom. A Life's Journey of Educational Ideas.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Introduces this theme issue on Mario Montessori's writings. Describes how his life experiences contributed to the idea of freedom in education, seen as a recurring theme in his mother, Maria Montessori's writings, and also contributed to the integration of the Montessori perspective. (KB)|

Kahn, David

1998-01-01

36

Fragment of an Interview with Governor Mario Cuomo and Interview with Richard Lewis.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Former New York governor Mario Cuomo discusses the inequities of public schooling, the trend toward charter schools, and the importance of making education a national priority. Richard Lewis, founder and director of the Touchstone Center (New York City), discusses children's literature, the intrinsic motivation that children have for learning,…

Mercogliano, Chris; Leue, Mary

1997-01-01

37

The Rhetorical Dynamics of Mario Cuomo's 1984 Keynote Address: Situation, Speaker, Metaphor.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Examines Mario Cuomo's keynote address at the 1984 Democratic National Convention as a case study in rhetorical interaction. Argues that the keynote setting presented both generic and immediate constraints, which Cuomo resolved through a rhetorical strategy rooted in metaphor as an argumentative technique. (MM)|

Henry, David

1988-01-01

38

Sacrificio, violencia y nación en Lituma en los Andes de Mario Vargas Llosa  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper addresses gender, nation and sacrifice as central elements in Lituma en los Andes (1993), a novel published by Mario Vargas Llosa after he ran unsuccessfully for the Peruvian presidency. The book presents a number of masculine models that are either inadequate, romanticized or brutal and sets them against a backdrop of a Peru deep in the economic and

Cesar Valverde

2012-01-01

39

Mario M. Cuomo Decides to Run: The Construction of a Political Self  

Microsoft Academic Search

This report is based on a hermeneutic, or interpretive investigation of a portion of the diary of Governor Cuomo of New York State, published in 1984, under the title Diaries of Mario M. Cuomo: The Campaign for Governor. The study, which was undertaken as a doctoral dissertation project, analyzed the role of his diary as narrative, in giving form and

Marcus J. Wiesner

1991-01-01

40

The Formal Qualities of the Video Game: An Exploration of Super Mario Galaxy With Gilles Deleuze  

Microsoft Academic Search

Approaching the video game Super Mario Galaxy on the Nintendo Wii console using Deleuzian concepts, the article identifies a series of formal qualities it is argued pertain to all video games. Concepts from Gilles Deleuze’s books on Francis Bacon and cinema are appropriated for this purpose. Three qualities in particular are identified; they center on the role of the player

Colin Cremin

2012-01-01

41

Inventing the Self, Fictionalizing the Other: False Memories in the Theatre of Mario Vargas Llosa  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Peruvian writer Mario Vargas Llosa, one of the most prolific and distinguished Spanish American novelists of the twentieth century and the winner of the 2010 Nobel Prize in Literature, is also the author of eight plays, which have frequently been overshadowed by his narrative production. Going beyond the relationship traced by critics between his novels and his plays, this

Priscilla Meléndez

2012-01-01

42

Alive in death : Bataillean eroticism in the 60s gothic cinema of Mario Bava  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the opening of Eroticism, Geroges Bataille’s seminal text on the relationship between death and sensuality, he chose a quote from the Marques De Sade: ‘There is no better way to know death than to tie it to some licentious image’. It is my contention in this thesis that few filmmakers understand such a sentiment as profoundly as Mario Bava

Robbie Studsor

2011-01-01

43

WHICH THE EXPRESSION ???????? IS FOUND IN THE NARRATIVE OF ABRAHAM AND GENESIS 1-3  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present study presents a brief overview of a theologically significant expression found repeated five times amidst the chapters that portray the life of the patriarch Abraham. The recurring expression is \\

Tiago Arrais

2009-01-01

44

Detection of the Abraham force with a succession of short optical pulses  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

For over a century, two rival descriptions of electromagnetic field momentum in matter have coexisted, due to Abraham and Minkowski, respectively. We propose a setup for measuring the difference between Abraham's and Minkowski's predictions in optics. To wit, a setup is proposed in which the transient “Abraham force,” a consequence of the Abraham energy-momentum tensor of 1909, may be measured directly. We show that when a train of short laser pulses is sent through a fiber wound up on a cylindrical drum, the Abraham theory predicts a torque, which, by inserting realistic parameters, is found to be detectable. Indeed, the same torque when calculated with the Minkowski tensor takes the opposite sign. Numerical estimates show that with a typical torsion pendulum setup and standard laser parameters, the angular deflection is in the order of 10-3 rad, which is easily measurable and even visible to the naked eye. Although its prediction is a century old, the Abraham force has proven experimentally elusive, and to our knowledge no macroscopic experimental demonstration of the difference between the predictions of the two mentioned energy-momentum tensors exists at optical frequencies.

Brevik, Iver; Ellingsen, Simen Å.

2012-08-01

45

Natural and man-induced stress evolution of slopes: the Monte Mario hill in Rome  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper deals with stress-release effects induced by man-made cuts or excavations into natural stiff clay slopes that experienced erosion in response to valley deepening. The study was focused on the Monte Mario hill in Rome (Italy), which formed part of an area of recent urban expansion. The methodology of the study relied on a reference engineering-geology model, which was

F. Bozzano; S. Martino; M. Priori

2006-01-01

46

In the shadow of giants: The work of mario pieri in the foundations of mathematics  

Microsoft Academic Search

A discussion is given of the research in the foundations of mathematics of Mario Pieri (1860-1913) and how it compares with the works of Christian von Staudt (1798-1867), Giuseppe Peano (1858-1932), David Hubert (1862-1943), and Alfred Tarski (1902-1983). The author demonstrates that the acceptance of Pieri’s results was overshadowed by the research of these four scholars, and argues that Pieri’s

Elena Anne Marchisotto

1995-01-01

47

Electromagnetic momentum in magnetic media and the Abraham-Minkowski controversy  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We explore the consequences of a force density, {-} \\frac{1}{c}\\frac{{\\partial {\\bf M}}}{{\\partial t}} \\times {\\bf E}, studied by some authors, for the device designed by Lai (1980 Am. J. Phys. 48 658) to analyse which definition of electromagnetic momentum density, either Minkowski's or Abraham's, is consistent with mechanical torques that arise from the change in time of a magnetic field, which produces an induced electric field that acts on free and polarization charges. It is found that Minkowski's definition is consistent with the mechanical torques associated with free charges, while Abraham's is consistent with mechanical torques associated with both free and polarization charges. We show that with this new force density Lai's work (1980 Am. J. Phys. 48 658) can be extended to include magnetic media. The results are consistent with Abraham's definition of electromagnetic momentum density, extending in this way its usefulness to magnetic media.

Jiménez, J. L.; Campos, I.; López-Mariño, M. A.

2011-05-01

48

Relativistic analysis of the dielectric Einstein box: Abraham, Minkowski and total energy-momentum tensors  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We analyse the "Einstein box" thought experiment and the definition of the momentum of light inside matter. We stress the importance of the total energy-momentum tensor of the closed system (electromagnetic field plus material medium) and derive in detail the relativistic expressions for the Abraham and Minkowski momenta, together with the corresponding balance equations for an isotropic and homogeneous medium. We identify some assumptions hidden in the Einstein box argument, which make it weaker than it is usually recognized. In particular, we show that the Abraham momentum is not uniquely selected as the momentum of light in this case.

Ramos, Tomás; Rubilar, Guillermo F.; Obukhov, Yuri N.

2011-04-01

49

Paul Abraham: A Forgotten Scholar of the Prussian Academy of Sciences and Humanities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Paul Abraham, one of the Berlin Academy's most experienced researchers, was deported to Auschwitz in 1943. The fate of this Jewish scholar reveals much about the inner life of the Academy, and its treatment of Jewish staff, during the World War II. This paper describes his life, against a backdrop of war, revolution, and dictatorship, and in the…

Thiel, Jens

2004-01-01

50

Relativistic analysis of the dielectric Einstein box: Abraham, Minkowski and total energy–momentum tensors  

Microsoft Academic Search

We analyse the “Einstein box” thought experiment and the definition of the momentum of light inside matter. We stress the importance of the total energy–momentum tensor of the closed system (electromagnetic field plus material medium) and derive in detail the relativistic expressions for the Abraham and Minkowski momenta, together with the corresponding balance equations for an isotropic and homogeneous medium.

Tomás Ramos; Guillermo F. Rubilar; Yuri N. Obukhov

2011-01-01

51

Relativistic analysis of the dielectric Einstein box: Abraham, Minkowski and total energy-momentum tensors  

Microsoft Academic Search

We analyse the ``Einstein box'' thought experiment and the definition of the momentum of light inside matter. We stress the importance of the total energy-momentum tensor of the closed system (electromagnetic field plus material medium) and derive in detail the relativistic expressions for the Abraham and Minkowski momenta, together with the corresponding balance equations for an isotropic and homogeneous medium.

Tomás Ramos; Guillermo F. Rubilar; Yuri N. Obukhov

2011-01-01

52

Relativistic effects in dielectrics: An experimental decision between abraham and minkowski?  

Microsoft Academic Search

The force in dielectrics recently measured by Walker and Lahoz is shown to be a consequence of the ponderomotive laws of electrodynamics. Its existence is compatible with either the Abraham or Minkowski electromagnetic energy tensors, provided each is supplemented by an appropriate material energy tensor. Sherman Fairchild Distinguished Scholar, on leave of absence from the Theoretical Physics Institute, Physics Department,

Werner Israel

1977-01-01

53

Correlating toxicities of organic compounds to select protozoa using the Abraham model  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Abraham solvation parameter model is used to construct mathematical correlations for describing the nonspecific toxicity of organic compounds to three protozoas (Entosiphon sulcantum, Uronema parduczi and Chilomonas paramecium). The derived mathematical correlations describe the observed published toxicity data to within an overall average standard deviation of approximately 0.35 log units. The correlations can be used to estimate aquatic toxicities of

Kaci R. Bowen; Kelly B. Flanagan; William E. Acree; Michael H. Abraham

2006-01-01

54

The World Map as an Emblem: Abraham Ortelius and the Stoic Contemplation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although the close association of word and image in medieval cartography is widely acknowledged, the significance of the relationship after the rediscovery of Ptolemy's Geography and throughout the Renaissance has been overlooked, despite Abraham Ortelius's choice of the term ‘Reader’ for users of the Theatrum orbis terrarum (1570). In this paper, the map of the world, which (as in Ptolemy's

Lucia Nuti

2003-01-01

55

Abraham Lincoln and Harry Potter: Children's Differentiation between Historical and Fantasy Characters  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Based on the testimony of others, children learn about a variety of figures that they never meet. We ask when and how they are able to differentiate between the historical figures that they learn about (e.g., Abraham Lincoln) and fantasy characters (e.g., Harry Potter). Experiment 1 showed that both younger (3- and 4-year-olds) and older children…

Corriveau, Kathleen H.; Kim, Angie L.; Schwalen, Courtney E.; Harris, Paul L.

2009-01-01

56

My Enemy, My Brother: The Paradox of Peace and War in Abraham Lincoln's Rhetoric of Conciliation  

Microsoft Academic Search

This essay examines the tension between motives for peace and motives for war in Abraham Lincoln's discourse on the eve of the Civil War, concluding that his rhetoric demonstrates the depth of Kenneth Burke's notion of the victimage ritual. At a surface level, Lincoln's rhetoric exhibits a desire for healing and conciliation. However, three antithetical pairs of underlying motives—Union and

James J. Kimble

2007-01-01

57

The Meaning of Suffering in the Thought of Abraham Joshua Heschel  

Microsoft Academic Search

This essay is dedicated, with gratitude, to the memory of A. J. Heschel, whose work has inspired both my religious vocation and my academic work, on the centenary of his birth. In this essay I will first consider the mystery of evil from the perspective of the Jewish tradition. Then, drawing on the theological reflections of Abraham Joshua Heschel, I

2007-01-01

58

George Bancroft's Civil War: Slavery, Abraham Lincoln, and the Course of History  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Civil War challenged historian George Bancroft's faith in the United States as a beacon of freedom for the world. Interpreting the war as a trial inflicted by God for the purpose of purging slavery from American society, Bancroft took it upon himself to spur Abraham Lincoln toward emancipation.

William P. Leeman

2008-01-01

59

Anatomy of a masterpiece: A close textual analysis of Abraham Lincoln's second inaugural address  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abraham Lincoln's second inaugural address is a recognized rhetorical masterpiece. This essay accounts for this recognition by examining the text microscopically. Through the method of close textual analysis that explores the inner workings of the text, we discover the complexity of Lincoln's masterwork.

Amy R. Slagell

1991-01-01

60

Anatomy of a Masterpiece: A Close Textual Analysis of Abraham Lincoln's Second Inaugural Address.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|States that Abraham Lincoln's second inaugural address is a recognized rhetorical masterpiece. Accounts for this recognition by examining the text microscopically. Uses the method of close textual analysis that explores the inner workings of the text to discover the complexity of Lincoln's masterwork. (PRA)|

Slagell, Amy R.

1991-01-01

61

Electromagnetic Momentum in Magnetic Media and the Abraham-Minkowski Controversy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|We explore the consequences of a force density, [image omitted], studied by some authors, for the device designed by Lai (1980 "Am. J. Phys. 48" 658) to analyse which definition of electromagnetic momentum density, either Minkowski's or Abraham's, is consistent with mechanical torques that arise from the change in time of a magnetic field, which…

Jimenez, J. L.; Campos, I.; Lopez-Marino, M. A.

2011-01-01

62

The Solar Tower at Monte Mario: a New Didactic Laboratory for Astronomy  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The year 2009 witnessed the restoration of the Solar Tower of Astronomical Observatory of Rome, in the INAF main office of Villa Mellini, Monte Mario. This structure underwent a patient restructuring of optics, mechanics and control equipment. Moreover, some areas have been converted into welcome centre for the visitors, so as to transform a scientific instrument - which was active up to a few years ago - into a didactic structure, mainly suitable for school groups. The Solar Tower of Monte Mario, which has been open to the public since January 2010, allows visitors to directly observe the Sun, as well as the spectrum of its light. The Tower therefore becomes an effective didactic instrument in order to teach and talk about a wide range of scientific topics - from Solar Physics to Sun-Earth interactions, to Stellar Evolution. Here we describe the work done by the DivA group of INAF-OAR for putting back into service the Solar Tower, from the technical and didactic viewpoints. We shall also take stock of the activities organized in the first few months of activity.

D'Alessio, F.; Faccini, M.; Leoni, R.; Giobbi, G.

63

Super Mario's prison break ---A proposal of object-intelligent-feedback-based classical Zeno and anti-Zeno effects  

Microsoft Academic Search

Super Mario is imprisoned by a demon in a finite potential well on his way to save Princess Peach. He can escape from the well with the help of a flight of magic stairs floating in the space. However, the hateful demon may occasionally check his status. At that time, he has to make a judgement of either jumping to

Shi-Jian Gu

2009-01-01

64

Psycho-Neural Identity as the Basis for Empirical Research and Theorization in Psychology: An Interview with Mario A. Bunge  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Mario Bunge is one of the most prolific philosophers of our time. Over the past sixty years he has written extensively about semantics, ontology, epistemology, philosophy of science and ethics. Bunge has been interested in the philosophical and methodological implications of modern psychology and more specifically in the philosophies of the…

Virues-Ortega, Javier; Hurtado-Parrado, Camilo; Martin, Toby L.; Julio, Flavia

2012-01-01

65

Can the Abraham Light Momentum and Energy in a Medium Constitute a Lorentz Four-Vector?  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

By analyzing the Einstein-box thought experiment with the principle of relativity, it is shown that Abraham's light momentum and energy in a medium cannot constitute a Lorentz four-vector, and they consequentially break global momentum and energy conservation laws. In contrast, Minkowski's momentum and energy always constitute a Lorentz four-vector no matter whether in a medium or in vacuum, and the Minkowski's momentum is the unique correct light momentum. A momentum-associated photon mass in a medium is exposed, which explains why only the Abraham's momentum is derived in the traditional "center-of-mass-energy" approach. The EM boundary-condition matching approach, combined with Einstein light-quantum hypothesis, is proposed to analyze this thought experiment, and it is found for the first time that only from Maxwell equations without resort to the relativity, the correctness of light momentum definitions cannot be identified. Optical pulling effect is studied as well.

Wang, Changbiao

2013-08-01

66

Dislocations and precipitates in semi-insulating gallium arsenide revealed by ultrasonic Abrahams-Buiocchi etching  

Microsoft Academic Search

The dislocations and precipitates in SI-GaAs single crystals are revealed by ultrasonic-aided Abrahams-Buiocchi etching (USAB), and the etch pits are observed and measured by metalloscope and scanning electron microscope (SEM) equipped with an energy dispersive X-ray spectrometer (EDS), respectively. The size of etch pit revealed by USAB etching is about 1 order of magnitude smaller than that revealed by molten

Nuofu Chen; Hongjia He; Yutian Wang; Kun Pan; Lanying Lin

1996-01-01

67

Who Can Read Abraham's Story? Allegory and Interpretive Power in Galatians  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article develops some arguments found in Richard Hays's Echoes of Scripture in the Letters of Paul in regard to Galatians 3-4. First, it argues that Paul's strategy in interpreting the Abraham story for the Galatians is allegorical throughout and not simply in 4.21-31. Further, this allegorical reading is based on and judged by Paul's account of the Galatians' experience

Stephen Fowl

1995-01-01

68

Rereading the Story of Abraham, Isaac, and ‘Us’ in Romans 4  

Microsoft Academic Search

Interpretations of Rom. 4 have often been subordinated to a single theme from Rom. 3.21-31, such as justification by faith, the inclusion of the Gentiles, or Paul’s demonstration that his gospel is in continuity with the Torah. While there is undeniable merit in these contentions, this article argues that Paul invokes Abraham for multiple purposes in order to answer his

Joshua W. Jipp

2009-01-01

69

Nicomachus of Gerasa in Spain, Circa 1100: Abraham Bar Ḥiyya's Testimony  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the 1120s, the Jewish philosopher and scientist Abraham Bar Ḥiyya (d. ca. 1136) wrote a Hebrew encyclopedia, Yesodei ha-tevunah u-migdal ha-ʾemunah a detailed chapter on mathematics is extant from this work. One source of its account of the nature of number has long been known to be Nicomachus of Gerasa's Introduction to Arithmetic. Three Arabic versions of Nicomachus are

Mauro Zonta; Gad Freudenthal

2009-01-01

70

Abraham Lincoln and Harry Potter: Children’s differentiation between historical and fantasy characters  

Microsoft Academic Search

Based on the testimony of others, children learn about a variety of figures that they never meet. We ask when and how they are able to differentiate between the historical figures that they learn about (e.g., Abraham Lincoln) and fantasy characters (e.g., Harry Potter). Experiment 1 showed that both younger (3- and 4-year-olds) and older children (5-, 6-, and 7-year-olds)

Kathleen H. Corriveau; Angie L. Kim; Courtney E. Schwalen; Paul L. Harris

2009-01-01

71

Electromagnetic momentum in magnetic media and the Abraham-Minkowski controversy  

Microsoft Academic Search

We explore the consequences of a force density, {-} \\\\frac{1}{c}\\\\frac{{\\\\partial {\\\\bf M}}}{{\\\\partial t}} \\\\times {\\\\bf E}, studied by some authors, for the device designed by Lai (1980 Am. J. Phys. 48 658) to analyse which definition of electromagnetic momentum density, either Minkowski's or Abraham's, is consistent with mechanical torques that arise from the change in time of a magnetic field,

J. L. Jiménez; I. Campos; M. A. López-Mariño

2011-01-01

72

Axiomatic Geometrical Optics, Abraham-Minkowski Controversy, and Photon Properties Derived Classically  

SciTech Connect

By restating geometrical optics within the eld-theoretical approach, the classical concept of a photon in arbitrary dispersive medium is introduced, and photon properties are calculated unambiguously. In particular, the canonical and kinetic momenta carried by a photon, as well as the two corresponding energy-momentum tensors of a wave, are derived straightforwardly from rst principles of Lagrangian mechanics. The Abraham-Minkowski controversy pertaining to the de nitions of these quantities is thereby resolved for linear waves of arbitrary nature, and corrections to the traditional formulas for the photon kinetic quantities are found. An application of axiomatic geometrical optics to electromagnetic waves is also presented as an example.

L.Y. Dodin and N.J. Fisch

2012-06-18

73

The conditional elements of the unconditional Abrahamic covenant in the light of the ancient royal grant covenant form  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study is to examine the conditional elements of the unconditional Abrahamic Covenant in the light of its historical background and biblical development, making some general observations as to the possible significance for New Testament theology and practice. Thus it constitutes another attempt to add further clarification to the age-old debate concerning the relationship between grace and

Charles Ross Rowland

2005-01-01

74

Abraham Lincoln's blue pills. Did our 16th president suffer from mercury poisoning?  

PubMed

It is well known that Abraham Lincoln took a medicine called "blue mass" or "blue pill," commonly prescribed in the 19th century. What is now hardly known is that the main ingredient of blue mass was finely dispersed elemental mercury. As his friends understood, mercury was often prescribed for melancholy or "hypochondriasis," a condition Lincoln famously endured. Mercury in the form of the blue pill is a potential neurotoxin, which we have demonstrated by recreating and testing the recipe. We present the testimony of many of Lincoln's contemporaries to suggest that Lincoln suffered the neurobehavioural consequences of mercury intoxication but, perhaps crucial to history, before the main years of his presidency; he was astute enough to recognize the effects and stop the medication soon after his inauguration. PMID:11482002

Hirschhorn, N; Feldman, R G; Greaves, I A

2001-01-01

75

Axiomatic geometrical optics, Abraham-Minkowski controversy, and photon properties derived classically  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

By restating geometrical optics within the field-theoretical approach, the classical concept of a photon (and, more generally, any elementary excitation) in an arbitrary dispersive medium is introduced, and photon properties are calculated unambiguously. In particular, the canonical and kinetic momenta carried by a photon, as well as the two corresponding energy-momentum tensors of a wave, are derived from the first principles of Lagrangian mechanics. As an example application of this formalism, the Abraham-Minkowski controversy pertaining to the definitions of these quantities is resolved for linear waves of arbitrary nature, and corrections to the traditional formulas for the photon kinetic energy-momentum are found. Several other applications of axiomatic geometrical optics to electromagnetic waves are also presented.

Dodin, I. Y.; Fisch, N. J.

2012-11-01

76

Abraham Flexner and the development of the Yale School of Medicine.  

PubMed Central

Abraham Flexner first toured the Yale University School of Medicine in preparation for his report of 1910, but it was just the beginning of his relationship with the school. While his review of Yale in his report was generally favorable, he mentioned several shortfalls that needed to be improved to make the school acceptable. Throughout the next twenty-five years, Flexner worked with Deans George Blumer and Milton C. Winternitz to improve the school's finances, infrastructure, and quality of education through his work with the Carnegie Foundation and General Education Board Flexner has been given great accolades for his work on medical education for the country, but little mention is made of him at Yale, even though he was one of the most influential figures in the development of Yale in the last century. Images Figure 1 Figure 2 Figure 4

Prutkin, J. M.

1999-01-01

77

Abraham Flexner and the Development of the Yale School of Medicine  

PubMed Central

Abraham Flexner first toured the Yale University School of Medicine in preparation for his report of 1910, but it was just the beginning of his relationship with the school. While his review of Yale in his report was generally favorable, he mentioned several shortfalls that needed to be improved to make the school acceptable. Throughout the next twenty-five years, Flexner worked with Deans George Blumer and Milton C. Winternitz to improve the school’s finances, infrastructure, and quality of education through his work with the Carnegie Foundation and General Education Board. Flexner has been given great accolades for his work on medical education for the country, but little mention is made of him at Yale, even though he was one of the most influential figures in the development of Yale in the last century.

Prutkin, Jordan M.

2010-01-01

78

Carrier hopping in disordered semiconducting polymers: How accurate is the Miller-Abrahams model?  

SciTech Connect

We performed direct calculations of carrier hopping rates in strongly disordered conjugated polymers based on the atomic structure of the system, the corresponding electronic states and their coupling to all phonon modes. We found that the dependence of hopping rates on distance and the dependence of the mobility on temperature are significantly different than the ones stemming from the simple Miller-Abrahams model, regardless of the choice of the parameters in the model. A model that satisfactorily describes the hopping rates in the system and avoids the explicit calculation of electron-phonon coupling constants was then proposed and verified. Our results indicate that, in addition to electronic density of states, the phonon density of states and the spatial overlap of the wavefunctions are the quantities necessary to properly describe carrier hopping in disordered conjugated polymers.

Vukmirovic, Nenad; Wang, Lin-Wang

2010-07-30

79

Abraham Flexner and the development of the Yale School of Medicine. 1999.  

PubMed

Abraham Flexner first toured the Yale University School of Medicine in preparation for his report of 1910, but it was just the beginning of his relationship with the school. While his review of Yale in his report was generally favorable, he mentioned several shortfalls that needed to be improved to make the school acceptable. Throughout the next twenty-five years, Flexner worked with Deans George Blumer and Milton C. Winternitz to improve the school's finances, infrastructure, and quality of education through his work with the Carnegie Foundation and General Education Board. Flexner has been given great accolades for his work on medical education for the country, but little mention is made of him at Yale, even though he was one of the most influential figures in the development of Yale in the last century. PMID:20885903

Prutkin, Jordan M

2010-09-01

80

Remarks by Governor Mario M. Cuomo Task Force on the Homeless Committee on Human Resources National Governor's Association, Monday, August 1, 1983.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

New York Governor Mario Cuomo comments on the discrepancy between the abundance of wealth in the United States and the ever increasing number of homeless, unemployed individuals and families, many of whom were only recently part of the working and middle ...

M. M. Cuomo

1983-01-01

81

"To Garza's Barber Shop Goes All that Is Good and Bad": Hybrid Identity and Masculine Space in Mario Suarez's "El Hoyo" Story Cycle  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In October of 2004, the University of Arizona Press published a short volume of Mario Suarez's short stories simply titled "Chicano Sketches." "Chicano Sketches" reflects the elusive nature of the stories themselves. Although Suarez himself probably would have considered his stories "sketches," they are much more polished, complete, and…

Lambert, James S.

2007-01-01

82

Resolution of the Abraham-Minkowski debate: Implications for the electromagnetic wave theory of light in matter  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A century has now passed since the origins of the Abraham-Minkowski controversy pertaining to the correct form of optical momentum in media. Experiment and theory have been applied at both the classical and quantum levels in attempt to resolve the debate. The result of these efforts is the identification of Abraham's kinetic momentum as being responsible for the overall center of mass translations of a medium and Minkowski's canonical or wave momentum as being responsible for translations within or with respect to a medium. In spite of the recent theoretical developments, much confusion still exists regarding the appropriate theory required to predict experimental outcomes and to develop new applications. In this paper, the resolution of the longstanding Abraham-Minkowski controversy is reviewed. The resolution is presented using classical electromagnetic theory and logical interpretation of experiments disseminated over the previous century. Emphasis is placed on applied physics applications: modeling optical manipulation of cells and particles. Although the basic interpretation of optical momentum has been resolved, there is still some uncertainly regarding the complete form of the momentum continuity equation describing electromagnetics. Thus, while a complete picture of electrodynamics has still yet to be fully interpreted, this correspondence should help clarify the state-of-the-art view.

Kemp, B. A.

2011-06-01

83

Abraham Lincoln loses a medical malpractice case, debates Stephen A. Douglas, and secures two murder acquittals.  

PubMed

An improperly healed fracture was the most common reason for the medical malpractice crisis between the 1830s and 1860s in the United States. As a practicing lawyer in Illinois, Abraham Lincoln defended physicians in medical malpractice law suits. One of these was Dr. Powers Ritchey, who was sued for malpractice in 1855. Lincoln agreed to represent Dr. Ritchey in 1858 as the case was appealed to the supreme court of Illinois. In the interim, Lincoln defended two indicted murderers and won acquittals for both. Between the two murder trials, Lincoln debated Stephen A. Douglas while running for U.S. Senator from Illinois. Lincoln believed that Ritchey's case was poorly represented in the lower court. Ritchey's prior attorneys did not file a bill of exceptions to the testimony of the plaintiff's expert medical witnesses. Lincoln attempted to rebut the allegation of a lack of reasonable medical care and diligence by Ritchey, and he sought to secure a new trial for his client. In its decision, the supreme court of Illinois did not find any error and affirmed the lower court's judgment. PMID:14768936

Spiegel, Allen D; Kavaler, Florence

2004-02-01

84

Correlating toxicities of organic compounds to select protozoa using the Abraham model.  

PubMed

The Abraham solvation parameter model is used to construct mathematical correlations for describing the nonspecific toxicity of organic compounds to three protozoas (Entosiphon sulcantum, Uronema parduczi and Chilomonas paramecium). The derived mathematical correlations describe the observed published toxicity data to within an overall average standard deviation of approximately 0.35 log units. The correlations can be used to estimate aquatic toxicities of organic chemicals to the three aquatic organisms studied, and to help in identifying compounds whose toxic mode of action might involve chemical specific reactivity, rather than nonpolar or polar narcosis. A principal component analysis of the correlation equations found in this work shows that no water-solvent system we have investigated is a good model for nonspecific aquatic toxicity towards the three protozoas. Furthermore, correlation equations for nonspecific aqueous toxicity towards various biological systems, that we have found in this work and in previous studies, cover such a wide range that no single water-solvent system could ever be a good model for all the biological systems. PMID:16759684

Bowen, Kaci R; Flanagan, Kelly B; Acree, William E; Abraham, Michael H

2006-06-08

85

Abraham Lincoln and Harry Potter: children's differentiation between historical and fantasy characters.  

PubMed

Based on the testimony of others, children learn about a variety of figures that they never meet. We ask when and how they are able to differentiate between the historical figures that they learn about (e.g., Abraham Lincoln) and fantasy characters (e.g., Harry Potter). Experiment 1 showed that both younger (3- and 4-year-olds) and older children (5-, 6-, and 7-year-olds) understand the status of familiar figures, correctly judging historical figures to be real and fictional figures to be pretend. However, when presented with information about novel figures embedded in either a realistic narrative or a narrative with obvious fantasy elements, only older children used the narrative to make an appropriate assessment of the status of the protagonist. In Experiment 2, 3-, and 4-year-olds were prompted to judge whether the story events were really possible or not. Those who did so accurately were able to deploy that judgment to correctly assess the status of the protagonist. PMID:19766203

Corriveau, Kathleen H; Kim, Angie L; Schwalen, Courtney E; Harris, Paul L

2009-09-18

86

Super Mario's prison break —A proposal of object-intelligent-feedback-based classical Zeno and anti-Zeno effects  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Super Mario is imprisoned by a demon in a finite potential well on his way to save Princess Peach. He can escape from the well with the help of a flight of magic stairs floating in the space. However, the hateful demon may occasionally check his status. At that time, he has to make a judgement of either jumping to the inside ground immediately in order to avoid the discovery of his escape intention, or speeding up his escape process. Therefore, if the demon checks him too frequently such that there is no probability for him to reach the top of the barrier, he will be always inside the well, then a classical Zeno effect occurs. On the other hand, if the time interval between two subsequent checks is large enough such that he has a higher probability of being beyond the demon's controllable range already, then the demon's check actually speeds up his escape and a classical anti-Zeno effect takes place.

Gu, Shi-Jian

2009-10-01

87

Five-year analysis of background carbon dioxide and ozone variations during summer seasons at the Mario Zucchelli station (Antarctica)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The work focuses on the analysis of CO2 and O3 surface variations observed during five summer experimental campaigns carried out at the ‘Icaro Camp’ clean air facility (74.7°S, 164.1°E, 41 m a.s.l.) of the ‘Mario Zucchelli’ Italian coastal research station. This experimental activity allowed the definition of summer average background O3 values that ranged from 18.3 ± 4.7 ppbv (summer 2005-2006) to 21.3 ± 4.0 ppbv (summer 2003-2004). Background CO2 concentrations showed an average growth rate of 2.10 ppmv yr-1, with the highest CO2 increase between the summer campaigns 2002-2003 and 2001-2002 (+2.85 ppmv yr-1), probably reflecting the influence of the 2002/2003 ENSO event. A comparison with other Antarctic coastal sites suggested that the summer background CO2 and O3 at MZS-IC are well representative of the average conditions of the Ross Sea coastal regions. As shown by the analysis of local wind direction and by 3-D back-trajectory calculations, the highest CO2 and O3 values were recorded in correspondence to air masses flowing from the interior of the Antarctic continent. These results suggest that air mass transport from the interior of the continent exerts an important influence on air mass composition in Antarctic coastal areas.

Cristofanelli, P.; Calzolari, F.; Bonafè, U.; Lanconelli, C.; Lupi, A.; Busetto, M.; Vitale, V.; Colombo, T.; Bonasoni, P.

2011-11-01

88

Graduates of the Abraham S. Fischler Center for the Advancement of Education Reflect on Their Experience with Nova Southeastern University. Research and Planning Report 96-05.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study examined graduate satisfaction among a sample of graduates of all programs in the Abraham S. Fischler Center for the Advancement of Education at Nova Southeastern University (NSU) in Florida. A total of 255 students who graduated between 1992 and 1995, the majority of whom received doctoral or masters degrees, responded to a survey…

MacFarland, Thomas W.

89

First annual Mario S. Verani, MD, Memorial lecture: clinical value of myocardial perfusion imaging in coronary artery disease.  

PubMed

I am honored to give this lecture in memory of Dr Mario S. Verani, a friend and a respected colleague in the field of nuclear cardiology. Dr Verani made many immense contributions to the field of nuclear cardiology during his lifetime. He was a pioneer in the field of pharmacologic stress imaging and played a leading role in validating the utility of intravenous adenosine infusion for stress imaging in detecting significant coronary stenoses and assessing prognosis. He and his colleagues at Baylor reported that pharmacologic stress imaging could separate high- and low-risk patient subsets after acute myocardial infarction, particularly among patients who underwent thrombolytic therapy. He informed us that certain drugs that patients took could influence perfusion defect severity. This work led to a clinical study showing that ischemic defect size could be substantially reduced with medical therapy in patients who had recently had an acute infarction. An outcome of this observation was the launching of the INSPIRE (adenosINe technetium-99m Sestamibi single-photon emission computed tomography Post-InfaRction Evaluation) trial in which postinfarction patients are randomized to medical therapy or revascularization. Dr Verani was an able debater when assigned the position for advocating for stress radionuclide perfusion imaging against stress echocardiography. He engaged in these debates with substantial knowledge but always with a touch of humor. Dr Verani's courage was an inspiration to all of us during his illness. His legacy as a pioneer will endure as the field of nuclear cardiology continues to mature and expand. PMID:14569247

Beller, George A

90

Historicising the origins of Kleinian psychoanalysis. Klein's analytic and patronal relationships with Ferenczi, Abraham and Jones, 1914-1927.  

PubMed

Historical examination of Klein's clinical synthesis through three crucial analytic relationships enables the author to account for the way in which the cultural background--gender, politics and textual analysis--informs theory formation. Klein's analysis with Ferenczi led to her work with children and self-analysis. With Abraham, she arrived at ideas about the origins of neurosis, linking severely disturbed with infantile states of mind. The author argues that the role of the cultural background must be explicated since Klein's initial clinical cohort existed in a Germany ravaged by starvation and absent fathers, which figured in the distinctive significance of the mother-child relationship. Klein's play technique involving toys understood it as the exteriorisation of the child's fantasy life, leading to fresh hypotheses about the early child. By 1925, her work collided with the interests of Sigmund and Anna Freud, who were in the throes of a succession crisis. It was imperative to establish Anna as the new 'pre-eminent' Freud, leading to hasty publication and direct critique of Klein's child technique. Through the intercession of Ernest Jones, who provided her with much needed support by 1927, the first shots of the Freud-Klein controversy were fired when Klein, propelled to centre stage in the international movement, established her reputation in London. PMID:9513016

Aguayo, J

1997-12-01

91

Was Abraham Lincoln Gay?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Scholars and historians are blind to Lincoln's same-sex inclinations in part because of a personal aversion to male homosexuality, but more importantly because they fail to perceive the vast differences between the sexual culture of antebellum America and that of our own time, especially in regard to male-male physical and emotional intimacy. This article brings those differences to light and

Michael Ferguson

2010-01-01

92

Lorentz-Abraham-Dirac versus Landau-Lifshitz radiation friction force in the ultrarelativistic electron interaction with electromagnetic wave (exact solutions)  

SciTech Connect

When the parameters of electron-extreme power laser interaction enter the regime of dominated radiation reaction, the electron dynamics changes qualitatively. The adequate theoretical description of this regime becomes crucially important with the use of the radiation friction force either in the Lorentz-Abraham-Dirac form, which possesses unphysical runaway solutions, or in the Landau-Lifshitz form, which is a perturbation valid for relatively low electromagnetic wave amplitude. The goal of the present paper is to find the limits of the Landau-Lifshitz radiation force applicability in terms of the electromagnetic wave amplitude and frequency. For this, a class of the exact solutions to the nonlinear problems of charged particle motion in the time-varying electromagnetic field is used.

Bulanov, Sergei V.; Esirkepov, Timur Zh.; Kando, Masaki; Koga, James K. [Kansai Photon Science Institute, JAEA, Kizugawa, Kyoto 619-0215 (Japan); Bulanov, Stepan S. [University of California, Berkeley, California 94720 (United States)

2011-11-15

93

Abraham Flexner of Kentucky, his report, Medical Education in the United States and Canada, and the historical questions raised by the report.  

PubMed

One hundred years ago, the time was right and the need was critical for medical education reform. Medical education had become a commercial enterprise with proprietary schools of variable quality, lectures delivered in crowded classrooms, and often no laboratory instruction or patient contact. Progress in science, technology, and the quality of medical care, along with political will and philanthropic support, contributed to the circumstances under which Abraham Flexner produced his report. Flexner was dismayed by the quality of many of the medical schools he visited in preparing the report. Many of the recommendations in Medical Education in the United States and Canada are still relevant, especially those concerning the physician as a practitioner whose purpose is more societal and preventive than individual and curative. Flexner helped establish standards for prerequisite education, framed medical school admission criteria, aided in the design of a curriculum introduced by the basic and followed by the clinical sciences, stipulated the resources necessary for medical education, and emphasized medical school affiliation with both a university and a strong clinical system. He proposed integration of basic and clinical sciences leading to contextual learning, active rather than passive learning, and the importance of philanthropy. Flexner's report poses several questions for the historian: How were his views on African American medical education shaped by his post-Civil War upbringing in Louisville? Was the report original or derivative? Why did it have such a large impact? This article describes Flexner's early life and the report's methodology and considers several of the historical questions. PMID:20107344

Halperin, Edward C; Perman, Jay A; Wilson, Emery A

2010-02-01

94

The humanness of two abrahams  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the fall of 1975, I received a call from the lay leader of a small Jewish congregation located in the beautiful mountains of western North Carolina, who asked me to deliver the sermon on Yom Kippur, the Day of Atonement. The subject was to be psychological as well as religious; the lay leader assured me that my presentation would

Howard S. Rosenblatt

1977-01-01

95

A Letter From Mr. Mario M. Montessori.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Reprint of 1973 letter issued by the Association Montessori Internationale to its members regarding signs that although people have been striving for greater general welfare, individual rights, freedom, and leisure, extending reduced work and more leisure to children will disrupt healthy development. Describes necessary environments for healthy…

Montessori, Mario M.

1998-01-01

96

Abraham Lincoln and the Pillars of Liberty  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In this essay, Diana Schaub, associate professor and chair of the Department of Political Science at Loyola College in Maryland, asserts that the 9/11 attack on America showed students the fallacy not of relativism, but of toleration. They are now aware that there are limits to toleration. By giving such a vivid display of the horrors of…

Schaub, Diana J.

2002-01-01

97

Essay: Samuel Abraham Goudsmit (1902 1978)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

When Sam Goudsmit was 23, he and George Uhlenbeck hypothesized that the electron had spin. Sam was a well-known atomic physicist working at the University of Michigan when World War II began. During the war he first worked on radar at the MIT Radiation Lab, and then in the waning days of the war in Europe he led a mission to determine how far the Nazis had gotten in developing an atomic bomb. After chairing the Physics Department at Brookhaven, in 1950 APS named Goudsmit Managing Editor of Physical Review and Reviews of Modern Physics; in 1966 he was named Editor-in-Chief. He founded Physical Review Letters in 1958.

Bederson, Benjamin

2008-07-01

98

Nonviolent Perspectives Within the Abrahamic Religions  

Microsoft Academic Search

While Allport (1950) noted that empirical psychology and religion separated early in the history of psychology, he recognized\\u000a that “there is inherent absurdity in supposing that psychology and religion, both dealing with the outward reaching of man’s\\u000a mind, must be permanently and hopelessly at odds” (p. x). Religion is a significant aspect in the lives of billions of people.\\u000a As

Daniel M. Mayton

99

THE “THIRD WAY” OF ABRAHAMIC RECONCILIATION  

Microsoft Academic Search

The modern world is being torn apart by two conflicting ideologies. American primacy attempts to secure the role of the U.S. as a global hegemon, spreading the ideasof free-market capitalism throughout the world. Global jihad strives to establish a world order based on fundamentalist understandings of Islam. A third way, known as faith-based reconciliation, is needed to prevent these two

Brian Cox

2006-01-01

100

What is procedural content generation?: Mario on the borderline  

Microsoft Academic Search

We try to clarify the concept of procedural content generation (PCG) through contrasting it to other forms of content generation in games with which it could easily be mistaken, and through discussing some properties of PCG which are sometimes thought of as necessary but are actually not. After drawing up some clear demarcations for what is and what is not

Julian Togelius; Emil Kastbjerg; David Schedl; Georgios N. Yannakakis

2011-01-01

101

Mario Bunge's Materialist Theory of Mind and Contemporary Cognitive Science  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Bunge's writings on the mind-body problem provide a rigorous, analytical antidote to the persistent anti-materialist tendency that has characterized the history of philosophy and science. Bunge gives special attention to dualism and its shortcomings, and this attention is welcome in view of the resurgence of the doctrine today. However, I focus…

Slezak, Peter

2012-01-01

102

Motivating Calculus-Based Kinematics Instruction with Super Mario Bros  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|High-quality physics instruction is contextualized, motivates students to learn, and represents the discipline as a way of investigating the world rather than as a collection of facts and equations. Inquiry-oriented pedagogy, such as problem-based instruction, holds great promise for both teaching physics content and representing the process of…

Nordine, Jeffrey C.

2011-01-01

103

Abraham Lincoln and Equal Justice Under the Law  

Microsoft Academic Search

he fundamental proposition of equal justice under law, ex- pressed in the Declaration of Independence, did not find its way into the U.S. Constitution until the adoption of the Civil War amendments. Equal justice under the law achieved a fuller realization when the U.S. Supreme Court began in the 20th century to apply the Bill of Rights to the states.

Greg Hobbs

104

Abraham Colles: fracture of the carpal extremity of the radius.  

PubMed

Colles' fracture of the wrist is among the most common bony injuries encountered in emergency practice, and accounts for 10% to 20% of all fractures. Described in an excellent clinical treatise some 8 decades before the advent of radiographs, this fracture of the distal radius continues to pose a source of some disability to large numbers of patients. Complications include residual deformity, loss of mobility, median and ulnar nerve injury, shoulder-hand syndrome, and rupture of the extensor pollicis longus tendon. Although encountered in patients of either sex and in all age groups, this injury classically affects postmenopausal women, who are predisposed to it as a consequence of osteoporosis. The technique of immobilization appears not to be as important in influencing final outcome as does the precision of reduction. PMID:3910720

Sternbach, G

1985-01-01

105

Abraham Flexner's "mooted question" and the story of integration.  

PubMed

Contemporary medicine is characterized by dualities. They include psyche and soma, subject and object, and, most important, science and humanism. The authors, in exploring Flexner's landmark publication, suggest that the history of curricular evolution has been marked by a quest for the integration of two knowledge bases: science and clinical medicine. They describe this goal as a preoccupation of medical educators, arguing that it was triggered, in part, by Flexner's recommendation for a two-phase curriculum. Their claim is illustrated with an analysis of motives for curricular renewal at one medical school and a review of published reports from educational opinion leaders. They discuss Flexner's conception of integration-namely, that unity could be achieved through methodology and, in particular, through inductive reasoning. They situate this perspective in the context of other purported integrative principles such as bioethics, narrative medicine, and the biopsychosocial model. They conclude by recommending an alternative framework for integration. The authors propose that a synthesis of two separate knowledge domains can be achieved through a common purpose and that, in a clinical context, that purpose is the well-being of the patient. Well-being is defined as the patient's ability to pursue achievable goals and purposes. It can be brought about by changing medicine's emphasis from the eradication of disease to the restoration of functions impaired by sickness. This idea is congruent with aspects of Flexner's understanding of medical practice, as shown in his statement that the restoration of normal functioning should be the doctor's "goal in action." PMID:20107371

Boudreau, J Donald; Cassell, Eric J

2010-02-01

106

Flip-Flopping, Presidential Politics, and Abraham Lincoln  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The American public can count on a few things during the presidential election season. First, candidates will take a moral high ground and forswear mudslinging. Before long however, they will proceed to engage in nasty accusations against their opponents. A vibrant democracy ought to welcome carefully thought-out views that, when intentionally…

Neumann, Dave

2012-01-01

107

Photometric Classification Catalogue of SDSS DR7 (Abraham+, 2012)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We present a catalogue of about six million unresolved photometric detections in the Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS) Seventh Data Release, classifying them into stars, galaxies and quasars. We use a machine learning classifier trained on a subset of spectroscopically confirmed objects from 14th to 22nd magnitude in the SDSS i band. Our catalogue consists of 2430625 quasars, 3544036 stars and 63586 unresolved galaxies from 14th to 24th magnitude in the SDSS i-band. Our algorithm recovers 99.96 per cent of spectroscopically confirmed quasars and 99.51 per cent of stars to i~21.3 in the colour window that we study. The level of contamination due to data artefacts for objects beyond i=21.3 is highly uncertain and all mention of completeness and contamination in the paper are valid only for objects brighter than this magnitude. However, a comparison of the predicted number of quasars with the theoretical number counts shows reasonable agreement. (2 data files).

Abraham, S.; Philip, N. S.; Kembhavi, A.; Wadadekar, Y. G.; Sinha, R.

2012-04-01

108

Adolphe Abrahams memorial lecture, 1988. Exercise and lifestyle change.  

PubMed Central

While the evidence for a clustering of health habits is not particularly strong, there are both pedagogic and economic arguments in favour of a multifaceted approach to health education. The present review thus examines the impact of regular physical exercise upon other forms of health behaviour, testing the extent to which an activity programme can be a catalyst of improved lifestyle in both primary and secondary preventive therapy. The conceptual framework of health promotion is examined with particular reference to the models of Skinner, Becker, Fishbein, Triandis and Rokeach. Certain differences are noted between the decision to exercise and the marketing decisions for which Fishbein's model was originally designed. Nevertheless, in its later modifications, it provides a basic framework for understanding how human lifestyle is shaped. Theoretical mechanisms are suggested whereby exercise could influence such behaviours as cigarette smoking, alcohol consumption and drug usage, seat-belt usage, hypertension, body mass, lipid profile, promiscuous sexual behaviour, the carrying of lethal weapons, and acceptance of regular preventive medical examinations. The empirical evidence from both cross-sectional and longitudinal experiments shows a relatively weak association between exercise habits and other desirable forms of health behaviour. Moreover, it is arguable that other forms of health intervention such as smoking withdrawal or dieting might be equally effective as a primary change agent, and much of the observed association between exercise and other health habits could be attributable to a common dependence on demographic and socio-economic factors. On the other hand, the apparent weakness of associations may arise in part from difficulties in measuring both habitual physical activity and other forms of health behaviour, with a resultant attenuation of correlations. Possibly, a stronger association between exercise participation and other favourable health habits would be uncovered if attention were focused upon those forms of endurance exercise currently thought to enhance cardiac health. Given that moderate endurance exercise is also positive and pleasant advice, further examination of the potential of multifaceted but exercise-centered health promotion programmes appears warranted. Images p11-a

Shephard, R J

1989-01-01

109

Mario Math with Millennials: The Impact of Playing the Nintendo DS on Student Achievement  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|One of the biggest innovations of the last century has been the invention of the video game. Video games are an extremely popular form of entertainment today. While some question the use of video games in education, others argue that video games are one innovation that if introduced into the classroom, might change how teachers effectively engage…

Gelman, Adam

2010-01-01

110

Kawashima vs “Super Mario”! Should a game be serious in order to stimulate cognitive aptitudes?  

Microsoft Academic Search

The vogue of massive commercialization of video games has prompted the development of methods for brain training on game consoles. Dr. Kawashima's Brain Training™ even benefited from an intense media campaign with celebrities. However, a previous study (Lorant-Royer et al., 2008) proves that, in six tests (school-related or inspired by the WISC-IV), the effect of training from the Kawashima program

S. Lorant-Royer; C. Munch; H. Mesclé; A. Lieury

2010-01-01

111

CAN THE MARIO BROS. HELP NINTENDO GAMES AS AN ADJUNCT IN PSYCHOTHERAPY WITH CHILDREN  

Microsoft Academic Search

Computer-type games can serve a variety of clinical purposes ranging from assessment of and assistance in the child’s problem-solving strategies, an ability to perceive and recall subtle cues, to foresee consequences of actions and act on past consequences, perceptual-motor coordination, a manner of releasing or controlling aggression, a means of dealing with success and failure, and an ability to mutually

JAMES E. GARDNER

1991-01-01

112

Determination of Pollutant Levels in Mario Jose Tannery Effluents from Kano Metropolis, Nigeria  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The uncontrolled releases of waste effluents to large water bodies have deleterious effects both on water quality and aquatic life. Kano, an industrial city in Nigeria has the largest number of tanneries in the country is facing the problems of impairment of water quality. Levels of heavy metals (Cu, Co, Zn, Mn, Pb, Fe and Cr) were determined using Atomic Absorption spectrophotometric methods. pH, Redox potential (Eh), Temperature, Dissolve Oxygen (DO), Total Dissolve Solid, sulphate, nitrate and phosphate were also determined. Results showed high levels of Cr (2.70±0.57 to 3.12±0.69 mg L-1), Fe (1.21±0.13 to 1.61±0.41 mg L-1) and these values were found to be significantly higher than the maximum permissible limits of FEPA (p<0.05). Levels of Mn, Cu, Zn, Pb and Co were within the minimum permissible limits for effluent discharged into rivers. Increases, in concentrations of heavy metals with distance from point source up to a distance of 400 metres were observed. While anion concentration decreased with distance from point source up to a distance of 400 m. Adherence to pollution control measures and effluent pre-treatment should be enforced in the industries.

Akan, J. C.; Moses, E. A.; Ogugbuaja, V. O.

113

The Abraham Pais Prize Lecture: The historical Development of the Physical Concept of Time  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Irish physicist and mathematician John Lighton Synge once (1959) proclaimed that of all physical measurements that of time is the most fundamental and its theory ``the most basic theory of all.'' Twenty years later the Belgian physicist and chemist Ilya Prigogine declared that ``the concept of time is much more complex than we thought.'' Indeed, having studied the basic notions in physics like space, mass, force, simultaneity and written on each of them a detailed monograph, I always postponed a similar treatment of the concept of time because I realized that just by being the ``most basic'' it is also the most ``complex'' of all notions in physics and therefore a rather complicated subject of research. In fact, time, as perceived by us, is both ``flowing'' and ``enduring'' and its ``passing'' always ``lasts.'' If I venture nevertheless to offer herewith a survey of the conceptual development of the notion of time, I do so because I delimit myself to the role of time only in physics and ignore as far as possible general metaphysical, psychological or biological issues. The presentation thus ignores the history of the notion of time as conceived in the myths and religions of ancient civilizations and begins, after some brief remarks about the Pythagoreans, with the theories of time as proposed by the Pre-Socratics, Plato and Aristotle. After a critical discourse on the early proponents of an idealistic interpretation of the notion of time, like that of St. Augustine, medieval theories of time, like those which proposed the atomicity of time, are discussed. After a presentation of sixteenth century discussions of time, like that by Bruno or Gassendi, Isaac Barrow's and Isaac Newton's theories of physical time are critically analyzed. This is followed by a brief study of the conceptions of time by Locke and Berkeley and subsequently by Leibniz, who is often regarded as the first proponent of a relational or causal theory of time. Following some brief remarks about Hume's conception of time Kant's critical investigation of the notion of time is analyzed and followed by the theories of an ``arrow if time'' as a result of the existence of irreversible thermodynamic processes. After a brief discussion of Poincar'e's thesis of the conventional status of temporal metric, Einstein's interpretation of distant simultaneity and consequently his definition of time via simultaneity, as presented in his famous 1905 paper on relativity, are discussed. This is followed by some remarks on the concept of time in the general theory of relativity. A brief outline of the role of the concept of time in modern cosmology and, in particular, Hawking's notion of ``imaginary time'' conclude this essay.

Jammer, Max

2007-04-01

114

The Abraham Pais Prize Lecture: The historical Development of the Physical Concept of Time  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Irish physicist and mathematician John Lighton Synge once (1959) proclaimed that of all physical measurements that of time is the most fundamental and its theory ``the most basic theory of all.'' Twenty years later the Belgian physicist and chemist Ilya Prigogine declared that ``the concept of time is much more complex than we thought.'' Indeed, having studied the basic

Max Jammer

2007-01-01

115

The electrodynamics of inhomogeneous rotating media and the Abraham and Minkowski tensors. I. General theory  

Microsoft Academic Search

This is paper I of a series of two papers, offering a self-contained analysis of the role of electromagnetic stress-energy-momentum tensors in the classical description of continuous polarizable perfectly insulating media. While acknowledging the primary role played by the total stress-energy-momentum tensor we argue that it is meaningful and useful in the context of covariant constitutive theory to assign preferred

S.-I. Goto; R. W. Tucker; T. J. Walton

2011-01-01

116

The Electrodynamics of Inhomogeneous Rotating Media and the Abraham and Minkowski Tensors I: General Theory  

Microsoft Academic Search

This is paper I of a series of two papers, offering a self-contained analysis\\u000aof the role of electromagnetic stress-energy-momentum tensors in the classical\\u000adescription of continuous polarizable perfectly insulating media. While\\u000aacknowledging the primary role played by the total stress-energy-momentum\\u000atensor we argue that it is meaningful and useful in the context of covariant\\u000aconstitutive theory to assign preferred

Shin-itiro Goto; Robin W. Tucker; Timothy J. Walton

2010-01-01

117

Cloning: A Jewish Law Perspective with a Comparative Study of Other Abrahamic Traditions  

Microsoft Academic Search

This Article does not provide answers to the religious, ethical, and moral issues posed by advanced reproductive techniques in human cloning. Rather, the preceding analysis and discussion seeks to make a contribution, however modest, to the continuation of the societal discussion that will ultimately yield the answers. This Article presents the common concerns of the religious traditions of Judaism, Islam,

Stephen J. Werber

2000-01-01

118

A critical examination of the Abraham-Lorentz equation for a radiating charged particle  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This is a discussion of the conceptual problems that have muddled the equation of motion for a radiating charged particle for a long time. An effort is made to pinpoint the weak parts of the usual arguments on this topic. The problems found range from doubts on the applicability of the classical electrodynamics of Maxwell and Lorentz to the problem at hand, to the inapplicability of certain perturbation techniques once the general theory has been tentatively accepted. Hopefully this will raise interest on these challenging problems, whose importance goes beyond the classical domain.

Jiménez, J. L.; Campos, I.

1987-11-01

119

Abraham Pais Prize for History of Physics Talk: Henry Cavendish, John Michell, Weighing the Stars  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This talk is about an interaction between two 18th-century natural philosophers (physical scientists), Henry Cavendish and John Michell, and its most important outcome, the experiment of weighing the world (their name for it) using a torsion balance (our name for it). Michell was the most inventive of the 18th century English natural philosophers, and Cavendish was the first of his countrymen to possess abilities at all comparable with Newton's. By their interests and skills, they were drawn to one another. Both were universal natural philosophers, equally adept at building scientific instruments, performing experiments, constructing theory, and using mathematics; both had a penchant for exacting, quantitative work. Both also had fitful habits of publication, which did not begin to reveal the range of their work, to the mystification of later scientists and historians. Late in life, Cavendish and Michell turned their attention to the force that Newton had examined most completely, a singular triumph of his natural philosophy, the force of universal gravitation. Over the course of the 18th century, abundant evidence of attraction had been gathered from the motions of the earth, moon, planets, and comets, phenomena which span the intermediate range of masses, sizes, and distances. But in three domains of experience, involving the extreme upper and lower limits of masses and dimensions, the universality of gravitation remained an article of faith. These were the gravity of the ``fixed'' stars, the mutual attraction of terrestrial bodies, and the gravitation of light and other special substances. Michell took on himself the task of deducing observable consequences from each of these prospective instances of universal gravitation. Cavendish encouraged Michell, and he followed up the resulting observational and experimental questions. The experiment of weighing the world was the last experiment Mitchell planned and the last experiment Cavendish published. The capstone of two distinguished careers, the experiment outlived the world in which it was conceived and carried out. Today gravitation is at the center of the physics of the very small and the very large, and experiments that followed in Michell and Cavendish's footsteps find a place in it. The ``most important advance in experiments on gravitation,'' to quote an authority, ``was the introduction of the torsion balance'' by Michell and Cavendish and independently by Coulomb; ``it has been the basis of all the most significant experiments on gravitation ever since.'' Another authority traces the ``noble tradition of precision measurement to which we are heirs'' to Cavendish's experiment, which he calls the ``first modern physics experiment.''

McCormmach, Russell

2010-03-01

120

Abraham Pais Prize for History of Physics Talk: Shelter Island, Pocono, Oldstone, 1947-49, Revisited  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The historic June 1947 Shelter Island Conference was the first of three small conferences on theoretical physics sponsored by the National Academy of Sciences. It opened with a report of the results of Lamb and Retherford's and those of Nafe, Nelson and Rabi's experiments on the spectrum of hydrogen. The challenge to explain the accurate numbers they had obtained stimulated a renewed interest in quantum electrodynamics (QED) and became the point of departure for the post World War II developments in quantum field theory: effective Lorentz invariant computational methods, Feynman diagrams, renormalization theory. The recent discovery of Hans Bethe's extensive notes on the Shelter Island conference allows a reconsideration of the role played by Kramers, Oppenheimer and Weisskopf in these developments. The 1948 Pocono Conference at which Schwinger and Feynman presented their formulation of QED, and the 1949 Oldstone conference, at which Dyson summarized his researches and his views regarding renormalizability, give proof of the deep changes in the conceptualization, description and representation of nature that had been brought about by the work of Weisskopf, Schwinger, Feynman, and Dyson.

Schweber, Silvan

2011-04-01

121

[Adolf Abraham Gustav Bingel (1901-1982): Pioneer of Electroconvulsive Treatment in Germany].  

PubMed

Introduction: Adolf Bingel, internal medicine specialist, neurologist and psychiatrist, was a pioneer in the establishment of electroconvulsive treatment (ECT) in Germany. Thanks to his dedication, the psychiatric department of the University of Erlangen was Germany's first clinic to offer ECT.Methods: We have analysed relevant archival material and the secondary literature.Results: As a consequence of denazification, Adolf Bingel was classified as a hanger-on by the Tribunal in Heidelberg. In 1946 the accredited German scientist moved to Houston as a "Paperclip-Boy".Discussion: The ECT-pioneer Bingel has repeatedly been mistaken for the co-inventor of pneumo-encephalograpy, whose name was also Adolf Bingel. This confusion in names has to be corrected.Conclusion: In 1957 Bingel was awarded the title Associate Professor Emeritus by the University of Erlangen. In 1959 he became Associate Professor of Neurology/Baylor University College in Houston/Texas. PMID:24081519

Braun, B; Kornhuber, J

2013-09-30

122

Building Interreligious Trust in a Climate of Fear: An Abrahamic Trialogue.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Conflicts among faith communities trouble those communities in many parts of the world. For Americans the most important relationships are those among Christians, Muslims, and Jews, and this includes relationships with the wider Muslim world. The events o...

2003-01-01

123

THE ROLE OF PARADOX: ABRAHAM'S RELIGIOUS IDEA FOR PEACE IN THE BATTLE OF IDEAS  

Microsoft Academic Search

demands that all persons who possess the skills and understanding of these four weapons—argument, debate, true religious faith, and true politics—join this war being fought. The alternative remains the power of the bomb—British, American, or mujahidin—with its ability to destroy everything in its orb of carnage. Prime Minister Blair calls on this community of scholars in this setting to join

L. Bryan Williams

124

76 FR 12821 - 150th Anniversary of the Inauguration of Abraham Lincoln  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...are memorized by America's schoolchildren...synonymous with freedom and unity. One...Inaugural Address that America's Union was much...eloquence and humble leadership marked by profound...his memory enabled America to move beyond a...new birth of freedom'' President...

2011-03-09

125

‘I Was Like Abraham’: notes on the anthropology of Christianity from the Solomon Islands  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article offers a detailed exegesis of what I term the ethno-theology of Timothy Karu, a Solomon Islands Anglican whose understanding of the nature of his matrilineage is informed by the Pauline account of the election of Israel. The analysis suggests a non-essentialising treatment of Christianity that nevertheless demonstrates how Solomon Islanders engage simultaneously with multiple interlocking macro and micro

Michael W. Scott

2005-01-01

126

A physical criterion for validating the method used to design mechanical impedance matchers for Mario Schenberg's transducers  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This work reports improvements made in the modelling of mechanical impedance matchers with mushroom shape using the finite elements method when shell elements type were used instead of tetrahedron elements type. Also, it is presented here an original methodology which makes use of the symmetry of the system and its influence on the mechanical vibrational modes to validate the modelling that was the base for the simulations performed.

Bortoli, F. S.; Frajuca, C.; Magalhaes, N. S.; Duarte, E. N.

2010-05-01

127

Book Review of "Illegal Alphabets and Adult Biliteracy: Latino Migrants Crossing the Linguistic Border," by Tomas Mario Kalmar.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This book chronicles how a group of migrant workers in Cobden, Illinois, developed their own hybrid writing system that used the Spanish alphabet to capture English speech sounds. The event illustrates Freirean ideas about literacy and power and offers lessons for improving English instruction. (TD)|

Castro, Mario

2003-01-01

128

Staff Development for Vocational Education Teachers at the Mario Umana Harbor School of Science and Technology. Project STEP.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A staff development project to create closer integration and mutual support between specialized science and technology curricula and vocational education courses is described. Project activities are listed, and a statement of underlying assumptions is provided. A list of guidelines for coordinating shop and academic projects follows. Guidelines…

Massachusetts Inst. of Tech., Cambridge.

129

From Mario to Manhunt: The Effects ofViolent Video Game Content and Competition on Hostility and Aggressive Cognitions  

Microsoft Academic Search

Research has shown that playing violent video games can lead to increases in aggressive thoughts, feelings, and behaviors. This study further examined this effect using a specially designed video game that allowed for precise manipulation ofviolent game play. Competition was independently manipulated and the interactive effects of competition and violence were studied. It was hypothesized that violence combined with competition

CourtneyLee

2008-01-01

130

Abraham, faith, and works: The role of Romans 4 in the discussion concerning the New Perspective on Paul  

Microsoft Academic Search

Since 1977, scholars associated with the New Perspective of Paul have suggested that Paul was misread by many during and after the Reformation period as they too often equated those whom they thought to be in error in their times with those whom Paul opposed. According to such New Perspective scholars, Judaism knew much more of grace than has generally

Gerhard H Visscher

2008-01-01

131

Abraham's Children in the Genome Era: Major Jewish Diaspora Populations Comprise Distinct Genetic Clusters with Shared Middle Eastern Ancestry  

PubMed Central

For more than a century, Jews and non-Jews alike have tried to define the relatedness of contemporary Jewish people. Previous genetic studies of blood group and serum markers suggested that Jewish groups had Middle Eastern origin with greater genetic similarity between paired Jewish populations. However, these and successor studies of monoallelic Y chromosomal and mitochondrial genetic markers did not resolve the issues of within and between-group Jewish genetic identity. Here, genome-wide analysis of seven Jewish groups (Iranian, Iraqi, Syrian, Italian, Turkish, Greek, and Ashkenazi) and comparison with non-Jewish groups demonstrated distinctive Jewish population clusters, each with shared Middle Eastern ancestry, proximity to contemporary Middle Eastern populations, and variable degrees of European and North African admixture. Two major groups were identified by principal component, phylogenetic, and identity by descent (IBD) analysis: Middle Eastern Jews and European/Syrian Jews. The IBD segment sharing and the proximity of European Jews to each other and to southern European populations suggested similar origins for European Jewry and refuted large-scale genetic contributions of Central and Eastern European and Slavic populations to the formation of Ashkenazi Jewry. Rapid decay of IBD in Ashkenazi Jewish genomes was consistent with a severe bottleneck followed by large expansion, such as occurred with the so-called demographic miracle of population expansion from 50,000 people at the beginning of the 15th century to 5,000,000 people at the beginning of the 19th century. Thus, this study demonstrates that European/Syrian and Middle Eastern Jews represent a series of geographical isolates or clusters woven together by shared IBD genetic threads.

Atzmon, Gil; Hao, Li; Pe'er, Itsik; Velez, Christopher; Pearlman, Alexander; Palamara, Pier Francesco; Morrow, Bernice; Friedman, Eitan; Oddoux, Carole; Burns, Edward; Ostrer, Harry

2010-01-01

132

Abraham's children in the genome era: major Jewish diaspora populations comprise distinct genetic clusters with shared Middle Eastern Ancestry.  

PubMed

For more than a century, Jews and non-Jews alike have tried to define the relatedness of contemporary Jewish people. Previous genetic studies of blood group and serum markers suggested that Jewish groups had Middle Eastern origin with greater genetic similarity between paired Jewish populations. However, these and successor studies of monoallelic Y chromosomal and mitochondrial genetic markers did not resolve the issues of within and between-group Jewish genetic identity. Here, genome-wide analysis of seven Jewish groups (Iranian, Iraqi, Syrian, Italian, Turkish, Greek, and Ashkenazi) and comparison with non-Jewish groups demonstrated distinctive Jewish population clusters, each with shared Middle Eastern ancestry, proximity to contemporary Middle Eastern populations, and variable degrees of European and North African admixture. Two major groups were identified by principal component, phylogenetic, and identity by descent (IBD) analysis: Middle Eastern Jews and European/Syrian Jews. The IBD segment sharing and the proximity of European Jews to each other and to southern European populations suggested similar origins for European Jewry and refuted large-scale genetic contributions of Central and Eastern European and Slavic populations to the formation of Ashkenazi Jewry. Rapid decay of IBD in Ashkenazi Jewish genomes was consistent with a severe bottleneck followed by large expansion, such as occurred with the so-called demographic miracle of population expansion from 50,000 people at the beginning of the 15th century to 5,000,000 people at the beginning of the 19th century. Thus, this study demonstrates that European/Syrian and Middle Eastern Jews represent a series of geographical isolates or clusters woven together by shared IBD genetic threads. PMID:20560205

Atzmon, Gil; Hao, Li; Pe'er, Itsik; Velez, Christopher; Pearlman, Alexander; Palamara, Pier Francesco; Morrow, Bernice; Friedman, Eitan; Oddoux, Carole; Burns, Edward; Ostrer, Harry

2010-06-11

133

American Ethni\\/Cities: Critical Geography, Subject Formation, and the Urban Representations of Abraham Cahan, Richard Wright, and James Baldwin  

Microsoft Academic Search

By drawing upon aspects of critical geography to explore three writers' representations of urban space and subject formation, American Ethni\\/Cities develops and advocates for a new methodological approach to the study of literature. Predicated on theories devised by Henri Lefebvre, David Harvey, Edward Soja, Gil Valentine and other geographically-minded thinkers, this spatially conscious literary practice has the potential to enhance

Joshua Scott Stone

2010-01-01

134

The “Reversal of Generations” Phenomenon as Illustrated by the Lives of John Henry Newman and Abraham Lincoln  

Microsoft Academic Search

The psychoanalytic concept of the “reversal of generations,” in which one identifies with a grandparent as the primary parental authority in one’s life, is used to shed light on the role that John Henry Newman’s paternal grandmother played in his decision to become a priest in the Church of England and in his subsequent conversion to the Church of Rome;

Donald Capps

2006-01-01

135

3 CFR 8636 - Proclamation 8636 of March 4, 2011. 150th Anniversary of the Inauguration of Abraham Lincoln  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...are memorized by Americaâs schoolchildren...synonymous with freedom and unity. One...Inaugural Address that Americaâs Union was...eloquence and humble leadership marked by profound...his memory enabled America to move beyond...new birth of freedomâ President...

2012-01-01

136

78 FR 37790 - In the Matter of: Mario Salinas-Lucio, Inmate Number #61687-279, FCI La Tuna, Federal Corrections...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...FCI La Tuna, Federal Corrections Institution, Federal Satellite Low, P.O. Box 6000, Anthony, TX 88021. Order Denying...FCI La Tuna, Federal Corrections Institution, Federal Satellite Low, P.O. Box 6000, Anthony, TX 88021, and when...

2013-06-24

137

Justifications for War and Peace in World Religions. Part I: Extracts, Summaries and Comparisons of Scriptures in the Abrahamic Religions (Christianity, Islam and Judaism).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

One of the most important decisions by any nation or armed group is when, if ever, to wage war or engage with armed force. Such life-and-death judgements are usually informed by and sometimes determined by ethical principles and religious beliefs. The wor...

A. F. Cation A. W. Dorn

2009-01-01

138

75 FR 79029 - Proposed Extension of Existing Information Collection; Request for MSHA Individual Identification...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...receptionist's desk on the 21st floor. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Mario Distasio, Chief of the Economic Analysis Division, Office of Standards, Regulations, and Variances, MSHA, at distasio.mario@dol.gov (e-mail), 202-693-9445...

2010-12-17

139

76 FR 53705 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition; Determinations: “Seductive Luxury and...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Determinations: ``Seductive Luxury and Innovation: The Furniture of Abraham and David Roentgen'' SUMMARY: Notice is hereby...in the exhibition ``Seductive Luxury and Innovation: The Furniture of Abraham and David Roentgen,'' imported from abroad...

2011-08-29

140

1. Historic American Buildings Survey Frank O. Branzetti, Photographer Aug. ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

1. Historic American Buildings Survey Frank O. Branzetti, Photographer Aug. 21, 1940 (ll) GRAVESTONE OF ABRAHAM IRELAND, cor. MASSACHUSETTS AVENUE & GARDEN STREET, CAMBRIDGE - Abraham Ireland Gravestone, Massachusetts Avenue & Garden Street, Cambridge, Middlesex County, MA

141

The State of African Education  

Microsoft Academic Search

It took Lerone Bennett several decades to write his newest book, Forced Into Glory: Abraham Lincoln's White Dream, meticulously documenting Abraham Lincoln's white supremacy beliefs. Bennett shows that Lincoln's \\

Asa G. Hilliard

142

77 FR 41937 - Airworthiness Directives; Cessna Aircraft Company Airplanes  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Christine Abraham, Aerospace Engineer, Electrical Systems and Avionics, ACE-119W, FAA, Wichita Aircraft Certification Office...Christine Abraham, Aerospace Engineer, Electrical Systems and Avionics, ACE- 119W, FAA, Wichita Aircraft Certification...

2012-07-17

143

Tracing Calculation (Calque Calcul) Between  

Microsoft Academic Search

To calculate the loss—is this the challenge that Nicolas Abraham has given to Jacques Derrida? Between 1959 and 1975, the year of Abraham's unexpected death, they were close friends, sharing what Elisabeth Roudinesco describes as \\

Nicolas Abraham; Jacques Derrida; Laurie Johnson

144

A Third Interpretation of Kierkegaard's Attunement in \\  

Microsoft Academic Search

Kierkegaard sees the story of Abraham's willingness to sacrifice his only child at God's command as the ultimate expression of true faith. In the Attunement, four short retellings of this story are presented, each with a unique variation that results in Abraham failing God's test of faith. These four interpretations are each followed by an analogous passage comparing Abraham's failure

Jean Ryan

145

Wyoming Jurisdictions Enrolled in the Draft Voluntary National ...  

Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition (CFSAN)

... 9/26/2006, 1, 9/10/07, X, Gary Hickman 307-633-4090, Mario Seminara. 2, ... 11/20/2006, 1, 10/26/11, Judi Davis 307-721-5283, Mario Seminara. 2, ... More results from www.fda.gov/food/guidanceregulation/retailfoodprotection

146

A Case Study of a High School English-Language Learner and His Reading  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Mario, an adolescent English-language learner and struggling reader, participated in a university-sponsored summer literacy program. After the program, a follow-up literacy assessment was conducted, and Mario was interviewed about his perceptions of and practices with literacy. The findings of this case study demonstrate the possibility that…

Cohen, James

2007-01-01

147

Great American Speeches  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Watch the video presentations of each of these speeches. Gettysburg address Martin Luther King- I Have a Dream Freedom of Speech by Mario Savio Mario Savio Speech New worker plan Speech by FDR For manuscripts, audio and video of many other modern and past speeches follow the link below: American Speech Bank ...

Olsen, Ms.

2006-11-14

148

Observation of a Push Force on the End Face of a Nanometer Silica Filament Exerted by Outgoing Light  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

There are two different proposals for the momentum of light in a transparent dielectric of refractive index n: Minkowski’s version nE/c and Abraham’s version E/(nc), where E and c are the energy and vacuum speed of light, respectively. Despite many tests and debates over nearly a century, momentum of light in a transparent dielectric remains controversial. In this Letter, we report a direct observation of the inward push force on the free end face of a nanometer silica filament exerted by the outgoing light. Our results suggest that Abraham’s momentum is correct.

She, Weilong; Yu, Jianhui; Feng, Raohui

2008-12-01

149

SABINE'S GULL FLOCK RESPONSE  

Microsoft Academic Search

Information on the breeding biology of Sabine's Gulls (Xema sabini) is very limited. Parmelee et al. (1967) detailed the species' life history on Victoria Island, northern Canada. Abraham (1986) quantified nesting and brood-rearing chronology and success and noted a strong relationship between nesting Sabine's Gulls and Arctic Terns (Sterna paradisaea), while Abraham and Ankney (1984) described partitioning of food resources

MICHAEL R. NORTH

1995-01-01

150

Electromagnetic stress-energy-momentum tensor and its applications in electrodynamics of moving media  

Microsoft Academic Search

The controversial issue of whether Minkowski's tensor or Abraham's tensor is the appropriate electromagnetic stress-energy-momentum tensor form in ponderable media is investigated. Various aspects of differences between the two tensors are discussed. As far as experiments are concerned, the predictions of Minkowski's tensor are consistent with experiments, but Abraham's tensor fails in some experiments. The problem of reflection and transmission

C. D. Chung

1974-01-01

151

Paradoxes in the quantum theory of the Vavilov-Cerenkov and Doppler effects  

Microsoft Academic Search

The article reviews work on the Minkowski tensor and Abraham tensor applied to the kinematics of wave packets in moving media or media at rest, and motion faster than the speed of light. Paradoxal results are juxtaposed, and restrictions imposed on Minkowski and Abraham pseudomomenta to remove the paradox are considered. Recoil momentum imparted to the medium in photon emission

D. V. Skobeltsyn

1977-01-01

152

Teaching about the Religious Other: United States Institute of Peace Special Report 143  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The United States Institute of Peace held a two day workshop titled "Teaching about the Religious Other" on March 3-4, 2005. The sixteen workshop participants were professors experienced in teaching those of one Abrahamic faith about another Abrahamic faith either in U.S. classrooms or abroad. The purpose of the workshop was to enable these…

Smock, David

2005-01-01

153

View southsouthwest, buildings of the succeeding farmstead. (Left to right: ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

View south-southwest, buildings of the succeeding farmstead. (Left to right: Abraham J. Cyrus, Jr.'s house, pool pump house, hen house converted to garage, chicken house, equipment shed, barn) - Abraham Cyrus Farmstead, 3271 Cyrus Road (County Road 1/6), Cyrus, Wayne County, WV

154

Teaching Bernoulli's Principle through Demonstrations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|One proven strategy to help students make sense of abstract concepts is to sequence instruction so students have exploratory opportunities to investigate science before being introduced to new science explanations (Abraham and Renner 1986; Renner, Abraham, and Birnie 1988). To help physical science teachers make sense of how to effectively…

Brown, Patrick L.; Friedrichsen, Patricia M.

2011-01-01

155

Scout Honored for Running Space Shuttle Simulator  

NASA Website

Scout Mario Fernandez was honored recently by NASA's Dryden Flight Research Center and the City of Palmdale, Calif., for his assistance in running the space shuttle cockpit simulator for visitors to the AERO Institute's Aerospace ...

156

The Montessori Family and Me.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Provides a glimpse of the Montessori past by sharing letters from and stories about Maria and Mario Montessori. Shares insights and lessons learned over a lifetime's connection the Montessori family. (JS)|

Waltuch, Margot

1999-01-01

157

120409 RECORD OF TELEPHONE CONVERSATION  

Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research (CBER)

Text Version... Non-FDA Participants: Joanna HOPE, Laboratory Head Biochemistry, Quality Control, Intercell Biomedical Mario NEBENFUHR, Staff Scientist ... More results from www.fda.gov/downloads/biologicsbloodvaccines/vaccines

158

16. Photocopy of photograph (original print located in LBNL Photo ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

16. Photocopy of photograph (original print located in LBNL Photo Lab Collection). Photographer unknown. December 29, 1953. BEV-654. INJECTOR, INJECTOR TANK-WIDE ANGLE; MARIO CAROTTA. - University of California Radiation Laboratory, Bevatron, 1 Cyclotron Road, Berkeley, Alameda County, CA

159

Monday A  

Center for Drug Evaluation (CDER)

Text Version... Peter Scardino 1:30 – 1:50 Increasing PSA after Primary Treatment ... Discussion Leaders: Mario Eisenberger, Barry Kramer, & Howard Sandler ... More results from www.fda.gov/downloads/drugs/developmentapprovalprocess

160

Back to the Future  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This illustration by Mario De Stefano and colleagues shows a scanning electron microscope image of blue fans of diatom colonies in the foreground with computer drawings of solar panels inspired by the diatoms in the background.

Mario De Stefano (The Second University of Naples;); Antonia Auletta (The Second University of Naples;); Carla Langella (The Second University of Naples;)

2010-02-19

161

Literary Reviews  

Microsoft Academic Search

Searching for truth. Who Killed Palomino Molero?. Mario Vargas Llosa. Translated from the Spanish by Alfred MacAdam. London: Faber & Faber. 1988. 151pp. £9.95 hbThe Perpetual Orgy. Mario Vargas Llosa. Translated from the Spanish by Helen Lane. London: Faber & Faber. 1987. 240pp. £9.95 hbMetamorphoses. Men of Maize. Miguel Angel Asturias. Translated from the Spanish by Gerald Martin. London\\/New York:

Jason Wilson; William Rowe; Norman Thomas Di Giovanni; Clare Ferros; Angela Smith; Aamer Hussain; A Reza Navabpour; Gerald Martin

1988-01-01

162

New books in review  

Microsoft Academic Search

THE SUBCONSCIOUS LANGUAGE. By Theodore Thass?Thienemann. New York: Washington Square Press, 1967; pp. viii+437. $6.95.QUANTITATIVE RESEARCH IN PUBLIC ADDRESS AND COMMUNICATION. By Wayne N. Thompson. New York: Random House, 1967; pp. xii+239. Paper $2.95.LANGUAGE TODAY: A SURVEY OF CURRENT LINGUISTIC THOUGHT. Edited by Mario Pei. New York: Funk & Wagnalls, 1967; pp. ix+150. $5.95.THE MANY HUES OF ENGLISH. By Mario

Joseph A. Devito; Robert S. Goyer; Irving Linn; Kenneth Harwood; Gary Collier; Jerald L. Banninga; Charles Lowell Marlin; James H. Dormon Jr; Gregg Phifer; James H. McBath; H. F. Harding; Richard Murphy; Haig A. Bosmajian; Samuel L. Becker; Richard C. Burke; Donald E. Hargis; Richard Somer; David E. Anderson; David G. Schaal; Prentice A. Meador Jr; Kent G. Gallagher; Lee Devin; Paul S. Hostetler; Arthur L. Housman; August W. Staub; Alethea S. Mattingly; Sam Smiley; John A. Walker; Gerard A. Larson; Joseph Golden

1968-01-01

163

Compatibility between mental disorder and mental capacity: analysis of a particular case of group sexual homicide.  

PubMed

On the night of August 19, 2000, at the foot of Castel del Monte, an 8-year-old girl was brutally murdered. The perpetrators were identified as five young men who captured their victim and sexually abused her. The policemen found the cadaver by following "Mario," one of the five, who had been discovered lying on the ground, near the castle. Investigation led to demonstrate that the murder was not premeditated. The only desire of the group was to sexually molest the little girl. Mario showed signs of psychiatric pathology and for that he underwent psychiatric evaluation by judicial authorities. Analysis of this case, combined with a criminological and medical-legal perspective led to conclusions very much different from the expectations of Mario's defense attorneys. Mario, a marginal figure and seemingly the least intelligent, played the role of group instigator, both in the initiation of sexually abusing the child, as well as in the elimination of an inconvenient witness. However, the group was able to activate Mario's sadistic fantasies and his sexual perversions, and he ended up in a catalyzing role influencing the behavior of others and realizing what would otherwise remain only fantasies. The circularity of the group allows people like Mario, who are apparently subordinate, to influence the behavior of others. Mario was found to have a mental disorder but it was not sufficient to diminish his personal responsibility related to the crime. In fact, according to Italian judicial code, it is necessary that the motivation for the crime was psychopathological. It was for this reason that, according to Italian law, all of the members of the group were considered to be responsible for the crimes committed and were condemned. PMID:19017073

Carabellese, Felice; Vinci, Francesco; Catanesi, Roberto

2008-11-01

164

76 FR 72077 - Thanksgiving Day, 2011  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...every chapter of our story. When President George Washington proclaimed our country's first Thanksgiving, he praised a generous and knowing God for shepherding our young Republic through its uncertain beginnings. Decades later, President Abraham...

2011-11-21

165

7. Historic American Buildings Survey Frank O. Branzetti, Photographer Aug. ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

7. Historic American Buildings Survey Frank O. Branzetti, Photographer Aug. 14, 1940 (f) EXT.- VIEW OF GARDEN, LOOKING EAST - Abraham Wheelwright House & Garden, 77 High Street, Newburyport, Essex County, MA

166

Back to the Basic Sciences: An Innovative Approach to Teaching Senior Medical Students How Best to Integrate Basic Science and Clinical Medicine  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abraham Flexner persuaded the medical establishment of his time that teaching the sciences, from basic to clinical, should be a critical component of the medical student curriculum, thus giving rise to the \\

Abby L. Spencer; Teresa Brosenitsch; Arthur S. Levine; Steven L. Kanter

2008-01-01

167

77 FR 40948 - Additional Designation of Persons Whose Property and Interests in Property Are Blocked Pursuant...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...a. SHARIFF, Abu Makaburi; a.k.a. SHARIFF, Abubaker), Majengo Area, Mombasa, Kenya; DOB 1962; alt. DOB 1967; POB Kenya; citizen Kenya (individual) [SOMALIA]. 3. GOITOM, Taeme Abraham (a.k.a. GEBREDENGEL,...

2012-07-11

168

Altered BDNF and Dopamine Levels In Depression  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Doctor Abraham Zangen point out that dopamine and BDNF levels in the nucleus accumbens and hippocampus of depressed patients are different. Treatment with antidepressants or ECT can impact these differences.

2009-12-26

169

Jewish Fundamentalism in Israel.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

History, Development, evolution and current significance to Jewish fundamental Ism in Israel. Study traces origins of this movement to Rabbi Abraham Isaac Kook through the Gush Emunim and includes an indepth analysis of the book The Zionist Revolution by ...

I. S. Lustick

1986-01-01

170

Hierarchy of Needs in International Relations.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Characterizing U.S.-Russian relations as a new Cold War is nostalgic for many, but it does not accurately describe Russia's motivation behind its current behavior. Abraham Maslow, a prominent behavioral psychologist, investigated the motivation behind hum...

C. P. Hayden

2009-01-01

171

Importance of In-Transit Visibility on the U.S. Military Logistics.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Just as Abraham Maslow presented a hierarchy of human needs from survival to growth, military logistics mirrors this building block approach to satisfying certain basic needs before more advanced facets of military strategy and doctrine can be formulated....

A. Butera

2003-01-01

172

Paul Dirac  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Preface Peter Goddard; Dirac memorial address Stephen Hawking; 1. Paul Dirac: aspects of his life and work Abraham Pais; 2. Antimatter Maurice Jacob; 3. The monopole David Olive; 4. The Dirac equation and geometry Michael F. Atiyah.

Pais, Abraham; Jacob, Maurice; Olive, David I.; Atiyah, Michael F.

2005-09-01

173

Paul Dirac  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Preface Peter Goddard; Dirac memorial address Stephen Hawking; 1. Paul Dirac: aspects of his life and work Abraham Pais; 2. Antimatter Maurice Jacob; 3. The monopole David Olive; 4. The Dirac equation and geometry Michael F. Atiyah.

Pais, Abraham; Jacob, Maurice; Olive, David I.; Atiyah, Michael F.

1998-02-01

174

Clinical Pharmacology AC meeting  

Center for Drug Evaluation (CDER)

Text Version... 2. Huang, Abraham,Apparaju,Atkinson, Burckart, Lee, Roy, Strong, Xiao, Wu, Zhang, ... MDRD (Modified Diet in Renal Disease) ... More results from www.fda.gov/downloads/drugs/developmentapprovalprocess

175

77 FR 29257 - Registration of Copyright: Definition of Claimant  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...reality that copyrights could be assigned...disaggregate his copyright for the benefit...Former Register of Copyrights Abraham Kaminstein...in 1960 in a Copyright Office Study...Divisibility of Copyrights, Copyright Off. Study...

2012-05-17

176

October 25, 2013: Antiviral Drugs Advisory Commitee Meeting ...  

Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research (CBER)

... 25, 2013 Antiviral Drugs Advisory Committee meeting. Contact Information. Karen Abraham-Burrell, PharmD Center for Drug Evaluation and ... More results from www.fda.gov/advisorycommittees/calendar

177

American College of Gastroenterology  

MedlinePLUS

... CIRCLE GIQuIC EDUCATION UNIVERSE/CME SAP-MOC What's Hot in the September Issue ACG Clinical Guideline: Management ... Anti-platelet Agents with Neena Abraham, MD, FACG Hot Issues in the Performance of Endoscopy Sedation: What's ...

178

Energy-momentum balance in quantum dielectrics  

SciTech Connect

We calculate the energy-momentum balance in quantum dielectrics such as Bose-Einstein condensates. In agreement with the experiment [G. K. Campbell et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 170403 (2005)] variations of the Minkowski momentum are imprinted onto the phase, whereas the Abraham tensor drives the flow of the dielectric. Our analysis indicates that the Abraham-Minkowski controversy has its root in the Roentgen interaction of the electromagnetic field in dielectric media.

Leonhardt, Ulf [School of Physics and Astronomy, University of St Andrews, North Haugh, St Andrews, Fife, KY16 9SS, Scotland (United Kingdom)

2006-03-15

179

The momentum of an electromagnetic wave inside a dielectric  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The problem of assigning a momentum to an electromagnetic wave packet propagating inside an insulator has become known under the name of the Abraham–Minkowski controversy. In the present paper we re-examine this issue making the hypothesis that the forces exerted on an insulator by an electromagnetic field do not distinguish between polarization and free charges. Under this assumption we show that the Abraham expression for the radiation mechanical momentum is highly favored.

Testa, Massimo

2013-09-01

180

Nobel prize awarded to pioneers in ozone research  

SciTech Connect

This article details the achievements of the three individuals who shared the 1995 Nobel Prize in Chemistry - Paul Crutzen, Mario Molina, and F. Sherwood Rowland - for their work in atmospheric chemistry, particularly the chemical processes that deplete the ozone layer. Background information about the ozone layer is presented as well as highlights of the ozone research done by the prize winners.

NONE

1996-12-31

181

Misrepresentation of Linguistics in the Media.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Public interest in language is strong, as evidenced by recent articles on spoken and written forms of contemporary English in major news magazines. The December 8, 1975 issue of "Newsweek" contains several allegations, notably by Mario Pei, castigating linguists for causing the decline in writing ability in the United States. In this paper an…

Riley, William K.

182

A Clear Voice for Montessori: Elisabeth Caspari  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In this article, the author profiles Dr. Elisabeth Caspari (1899-2002). As a teacher of teachers, Caspari traveled extensively for 50 years, sharing the wisdom she had gleaned from her training under Dr. Maria Montessori in Adyar, India, and from 4 years of frequent association with Montessori and her son, Mario, in Kodaikanal. The threads of…

Lombard, Marjorie Ann

2009-01-01

183

Effects of Age and Experience on Physical Activity Accumulation during Kin-Ball  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|With a specific agenda of creating a fun activity that emphasized teamwork, cooperation, and sportsmanship, Mario Demers, a Canadian physical education professor, created Kin-Ball in the mid 1980s. The game involves three teams of four players each in which a large ball (4 feet diameter and 2.2 pounds weight (1.22 m and 1 kg, respectively) is…

Hastie, Peter A.; Langevin, Francois; Wadsworth, Danielle

2011-01-01

184

The Kodaikanal Experience: Kahn-Montessori Interview.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|An interview with Mario Montessori explores the origins of Cosmic Education and experiences of Montessori and his mother, Maria Montessori, in Kodaikanal, India, during World War II. Their experiences contributed to development of theories regarding the elementary child, the power of imagination, the intuition of a cosmic connection, the dynamism…

Kahn, David

1998-01-01

185

Cosmic Education at the Elementary Level and the Role of the Materials.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Defines Cosmic Education using Mario Montessori's concrete illustration of the interdisciplinary and synthetic nature of the program. Suggests that the "The Great River," a sixth "Great Lesson," can be a framework for the history of human cooperation, and that this story lays the groundwork for teaching an understanding of social cooperation and…

Grazzini, Camillo

1997-01-01

186

N.Y. Gov. Proposes College Guarantee for Poor 7th Graders.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Governor Mario Cuomo has proposed that New York State guarantee enough state aid for all poor seventh graders finishing high school to attend a state college or an equal amount of money to attend a private college in the state, the first such effort at the state level. (MSE)|

Jaschik, Scott

1988-01-01

187

Social Science Research in the U.S. Mexican Community: A Case Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Discusses Chicano social scientists' needs identified by Mario Barrera: to use methodological strategies and theoretical models emphasizing researcher's close contact with the people; to research the nature of social and political control systems as applicable to the Chicano community; to define the relations between social scientists and the…

Cuellar, Jose B.

1981-01-01

188

Turning Forward: A Reader Finds His Fortune.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Tells the story of Mario, a high school student who struggled with school and with anger, but who found a story (by Ray Bradbury) which engaged his interest, a connection which helped him, in a key moment, look to a hopeful future rather than a difficult past. (SR)|

McVey, Michael

2000-01-01

189

Non-Radial Oscillations of Neutron Stars and the Detection of Gravitational Waves  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We study the non-radial oscillations of relativistic neutron stars, in particular the (fundamental) f-modes, which are believed to be the most relevant for the gravitational wave emission of perturbed isolated stars. The expected frequencies of the f-modes are compared to the sensitivity range of Mario Schenberg, the Brazilian gravitational wave spherical detector.

Chirenti, Cecilia; Silveira, Patrick R.; Aguiar, Odylio D.

190

Higher Education and the "State of the States": Excerpts of Addresses by 11 Governors.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Comments made by 11 governors concerning higher education in their "State of the State" addresses to state legislatures are presented. Statements include those of Terry Branstad, Carroll Campbell, Robert Casey, Steve Cowper, Mario Cuomo, Edward DiPrete, George Mickelson, Rose Mofford, Stan Stephens, James Thompson, and John Waihee. (MSE)|

Chronicle of Higher Education, 1989

1989-01-01

191

AERA Vocational Education Special Interest Group Proceedings (New Orleans, Louisiana, April 24-28, 2000).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This document contains six papers on vocational education. "Blurring the Boundaries: The Emergence of the New Vocational Student" (Mario Delci) documents the benefits of combining an academic curriculum with vocational coursework. "Observable Teaching Effectiveness and Personality Types of Selected Beginning Career and Technical Education…

Truell, Allen D., Ed.

192

Past Present, and Possible: A Montessori Global Perspective.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Discusses Mario Montessori's role in the Montessori movement. Reflects on the current state of the world and the plight of children, explaining that hard work is needed to combat current problems in the world. Advocates a reawakening to the fundamental work of Montessori in order to help future generations. (JS)|

Dwyer, Muriel

1999-01-01

193

Institutional Research: Its Place in the 1990's. Proceedings of the Annual Conference of the North East Association for Institutional Research (17th, Albany, New York, October 21-23, 1990).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This document contains papers presented at a conference addressing the direction for the institutional research profession in the 1990s. Papers are as follows: "Reassessing Admission Policies at Public Universities: Cognitive vs. Non-Cognitive Predictors of 'Academic Success'" (Marios H. Agrotes); "Accommodating Team Member Cognitive Styles"…

North East Association for Institutional Research.

194

[Library and Information Services for Democracy, for Literacy, and for Productivity]. Conference Briefs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This issue is designed to provide delegates and other participants in the New York State Governor's Conference in 1990 and the White House Conference on Library and Information Services in July 1991 with an overview of the current status and future needs of libraries and librarianship in the state. Following a message from Mario Cuomo, Governor…

Bobinski, George, Ed.

1990-01-01

195

On the Impact and Import of A Writer's Reality  

Microsoft Academic Search

In A Writer's Reality, literary critic Dr. Myron Lichtblau and Peruvian writer Mario Vargas Llosa mimic and question the delicate balance between fiction and reality. In doing so, they not only coauthor the book, they also immortalize themselves as writers and characters in their own text. This essay looks through the broad lens of Hispanic letters to argue that the

Gail Bulman

2012-01-01

196

Alcohol and the Elderly. Hearing before the Subcommittee on Health and Long-Term Care of the Select Committee on Aging. House of Representatives, Ninety-Eighth Congress, First Session (June 10, 1983, Astoria, N.Y.).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The proceedings of the Congressional hearing on alcohol and the elderly are presented. Following introductory statements by the committee chairman, Senator Claude Pepper, and Representatives Mario Biaggi and Geraldine Ferraro, the briefing paper, "Crisis in Health Care Part 2: Alcoholism," prepared by the subcommittee staff is presented. Issues…

Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House Select Committee on Aging.

197

No Child Left behind and the Insomnia Plague  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In 1974, Ronald Reagan called the United States a "shining city on a hill." A decade later, Mario Cuomo responded by speaking to us about another city that was not on a shining hill. His "Tale of Two Cities" speech, delivered at the 1984 Democratic National Convention, was not only moving but also haunting. In this other city he spoke about,…

Mathis, William J.

2004-01-01

198

The rediscovery of Capsicum lanceolatum (Solanaceae), and the importance of nature reserves in preserving cryptic biodiversity  

Microsoft Academic Search

After more than 50 years, the rare autochthonous species, Capsicum lanceolatum, of Mesoamerica was rediscovered in a virgin remnant of the Guatemala cloud forest, Mario D'Arcy Avila Biotopo el Quetzal, a nature reserve for the resplendent quetzal. At all previous known locations C. lanceolatum was extirpated. Specific variation in flower and seed traits of the C. lanceolatum from the Biotopo

Paul W. Bosland; Max M. Gonzalez

2000-01-01

199

A Clear Voice for Montessori: Elisabeth Caspari  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the author profiles Dr. Elisabeth Caspari (1899-2002). As a teacher of teachers, Caspari traveled extensively for 50 years, sharing the wisdom she had gleaned from her training under Dr. Maria Montessori in Adyar, India, and from 4 years of frequent association with Montessori and her son, Mario, in Kodaikanal. The threads of…

Lombard, Marjorie Ann

2009-01-01

200

The Mário Schenberg Spaceship: Experiencing Science in a Collaborative Learning VR Environment  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents the Mario Schenberg Spaceship, a virtual reality (VR) based collaborative learning environment for astronomy, science and physics learning. The installation has a spaceship-like scenario, where a group of learners experiment an adventure in space. Learners interact with six workstations to play a collaborative but not competitive game. The goal of the game is to complete a mission,

Alexandre Antonio Gonçalves Martinazzo; Irene Karaguilla Ficheman; Valkiria Venancio; Ana Grasielle Dionísio Corrêa; Roseli De Deus Lopes; Marta Silvia Maria Mantovani

2009-01-01

201

76 FR 59483 - Additional Designations, Foreign Narcotics Kingpin Designation Act  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...SDNTK] 2. CASTRO, Jesus Maria, c/o NEGOCIOS INTERNACIONALES...4. URIBE CIFUENTES, Ana Maria, c/o CIFUENTES URIBE Y CIA...individual) [SDNTK] 2. CIFUENTES VILLA, Hector Mario, c/o C.I...individual) [SDNTK] 3. CIFUENTES VILLA, Jorge Milton...

2011-09-26

202

The Impact of India.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Describes the experiences of Maria Montessori and her son, Mario, during their internment in India during World War II. Discusses how their observations of communities of Buddhists, Christians, Hindus, Muslims, and Zoroastrians at the Theosophical Society contributed to ideas related to the absorbent mind, and enabled the extension of the…

Montessori, Mario M.

1998-01-01

203

Cuomo at Notre Dame: Rhetoric without Religion.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Examines Mario Cuomo's 1984 speech at Notre Dame University in which Cuomo explains the contradiction between his abortion policy and the teachings of the Catholic Church through an appeal to the separation between church and state. Evaluates his construction of the role of religious rhetoric in public policy. (SR)|

Troup, Calvin L.

1995-01-01

204

Students Will Erupt with Excitement over New Book  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Imagine recreating a tsunami's force in a bathtub or exploring the potential of geothermal energy by using steam from a kettle to illuminate a light bulb. These types of activities and more are offered in Matthew Levy and Mario Salvadori's collection of experiments and demonstrations in Earthquakes, Volcanoes and Tsunamis. More than 30 easy and…

Curriculum Review, 2009

2009-01-01

205

Between the Under-Labourer and the Master-Builder: Observations on Bunge's Method  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Mario Bunge has repeatedly discussed contributions to philosophy and to science that are worthless at best and dangerous at worst, especially cases of pseudo-science. He clearly gives his reason in his latest essay on this matter: "The fact that science can be faked to the point of deceiving science lovers suggests the need for a rigorous sifting…

Agassi, Joseph

2012-01-01

206

Steam treated rice industry residues as an alternative feedstock for the wood based particleboard industry in Italy  

Microsoft Academic Search

The SADEPAN CHIMICA Srl is an Italian corporation of the Mario Saviola Group which has been dedicated to the processing of wood and chemical resins since 1963. The company is developing novel chemical solutions and is engaged in exporting technology and know-how. The Italian National Agency for New Technology, Energy and Environment (ENEA) conducts research, development and testing on novel

V Gerardi; F Minelli; D Viggiano

1998-01-01

207

Institutional Research: Its Place in the 1990's. Proceedings of the Annual Conference of the North East Association for Institutional Research (17th, Albany, New York, October 21-23, 1990).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document contains papers presented at a conference addressing the direction for the institutional research profession in the 1990s. Papers are as follows: "Reassessing Admission Policies at Public Universities: Cognitive vs. Non-Cognitive Predictors of 'Academic Success'" (Marios H. Agrotes); "Accommodating Team Member Cognitive Styles"…

North East Association for Institutional Research.

208

Magnetic Field of Mars  

Microsoft Academic Search

An internal potential function was created using the averaged MGS vector data released by Mario Acuna for altitudes from 95 to 209 km above the Martian geoid, all longitudes, and latitudes from 87 degrees south to 78 degrees north. Even with some gaps in coverage it is found that a consistent internal potential function can be derived up to spherical

J. C. Cain; B. Ferguson; D. Mozzoni; L. Hood

2000-01-01

209

ISS Update: After the Venus Transit  

NASA Video Gallery

ISS Update commentator Brandi Dean interviewed astronaut Mario Runco about the results of the Expedition 31 crew’s effort to photograph Venus transit. Questions? Ask us on Twitter @NASA_Johnson and include the hashtag #askStation. For the latest news about the space station, visit http://www.nasa.gov/station.

Mark Garcia

2012-06-08

210

ISS Update: Transit of Venus  

NASA Video Gallery

ISS Update commentator Brandi Dean interviews Mario Runco, NASA astronaut, about Venus's transit across the sun on June 5, 2012. Questions? Ask us on Twitter @NASA_Johnson and include the hashtag #askStation. For the latest news about the space station, visit http://www.nasa.gov/station.

John Kossum

2012-06-06

211

Effects of Age and Experience on Physical Activity Accumulation during Kin-Ball  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

With a specific agenda of creating a fun activity that emphasized teamwork, cooperation, and sportsmanship, Mario Demers, a Canadian physical education professor, created Kin-Ball in the mid 1980s. The game involves three teams of four players each in which a large ball (4 feet diameter and 2.2 pounds weight (1.22 m and 1 kg, respectively) is sent…

Hastie, Peter A.; Langevin, Francois; Wadsworth, Danielle

2011-01-01

212

El Escritor y las Normas del Canon Literario (The Writer and the Norms of the Literary Canon).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper speculates about whether a literary canon exists in contemporary Latin American literature, particularly in the prose genre. The paper points to Carlos Fuentes, Gabriel Garcia Marquez, and Mario Vargas Llosa as the three authors who might form this traditional and liberal canon with their works "La Muerte de Artemio Cruz" (Fuentes),…

Policarpo, Alcibiades

213

The Journal of the Imagination in Language Learning and Teaching, 2001.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This collection of papers includes the following: "On the Educational Uses of Fantasy" (Geoffrey Madoc-Jones and Kieran Egan); "The Dangers of Empathy with Students" (Mario Rinvolucri); "The Magic of Folktales for Teaching English and Culture" (Planaria Price); "The Inner Voice: A Critical Factor in L2 Learning" (Brian Tomlinson); "Dance: An…

Coreil, Clyde, Ed.

2001-01-01

214

Maintaining Medicare HMO's: Problems, Protections and Prospects. Hearing before the Select Committee on Aging. House of Representatives, One Hundredth Congress, First Session.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This document contains witness testimonies and prepared statements from the Congressional hearing called to examine issues involved in maintaining and strengthening Medicare Health Maintenance Orgranizations (HMO). Opening statements are included from Representatives Edward Roybal, Matthew Rinaldo, Mario Biaggi, Don Bonker, Robert Borski, Louise…

Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House Select Committee on Aging.

215

John Donne: A Collection of Critical Essays. Twentieth Century Views Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|One of a series of works aimed at presenting contemporary opinion on major authors, this collection includes essays by Helen Gardner, George Saintsbury, Herbert J. C. Grierson, Pierre Legouis, William Empson, Mario Praz, J. E. V. Crofts, C. S. Lewis, Cleanth Brooks, J. B. Leishman, Evelyn M. Simpson, Louis L. Martz, and A. J. Smith--all dealing…

Gardner, Helen, Ed.

216

Geomagnetic field observations at a new Antarctic site, within the AIMNet project  

Microsoft Academic Search

During the 2007-2008 antarctic campaign, the Italian PNRA installed a Low Power Magnetometer within the framework of the AIMNet (Antarctic International Magnetometer Network) project, proposed and coordinated by BAS. The magnetometer is situated at Talos Dome, around 300 km geographically North-West from Mario Zucchelli Station (MZS), and approximately at the same geomagnetic latitude as MZS. In this work we present

Stefania Lepidi; Lili Cafarella; Lucia Santarelli; Manuela Pietrolungo; Stefano Urbini; Andrea Piancatelli; Fulvio Biasini; Manuele di Persio; Mike Rose

2010-01-01

217

The Teacher Trainer. Volume Five, Numbers One, Two, and Three.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Three 1991 issues of a British journal for modern language teacher trainers are provided. Articles include the following: "Perspectives on the In-service Training Needs of Non-native Speaking Teachers of English to Youth Learners" (Jennifer Jarvis); "Royal Society of Arts Certificate Trainees Speak Out" (Mario Rinvolucri); "Medical Education as…

Woodward, Tessa, Ed.

1991-01-01

218

The Changing Labour Force Participation of Canadians, 1969-96: Evidence from a Panel of Six Demographic Groups  

Microsoft Academic Search

Cyclical, policy changes, and structural factors have been put forward to explain the decline in labour force participation in Canada in the 1990s. In the first article in the symposium, Pierre Fortin and Mario Fortin attempt to determine the relative importance of these three types of factors by estimating a participation rate equation where the independent variables are an index

Mario Fortin; Pierre Fortin

219

About linear momentum of light in metamaterials and ``Minkowsky-Abragam controversy'' resolution  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The value of the linear moment of an electromagnetic wave, propagating in the material, in particular in a metamaterial with negative refractive index is considered. It is shown that in this case linear momentum is proportional to the wave energy and inversely proportional to its phase velocity. The question of the so-called ``Minkowsky-Abragam controversy'' is considered and resolved. It is shown that the Minkowski tensor treats the electromagnetic field as a wave, but the Abraham tensor--as a collection of particles. Thus, ``Minkowsky-Abragam controversy'' is reduced to an old dispute between supporters of the wave and particles nature of light. Taking into account that the Abraham tensor is not relativistic covariant, we must recognize the unsuitability of the Abraham tensor for the calculation of the ponderomotive forces acting on the substance of the field.

Veselago, V. G.

2011-10-01

220

Electromagnetic Energy Momentum Tensor in a Dielectric  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Abraham-Minkowski controversy refers to the century-old inability to decide the energy-momentum tensor for an electromagnetic field traversing a dielectric medium. However, neither the Abraham momentum nor the Minkowski momentum is conserved and we show that the Abraham and Minkowski energy-momentum tensors are constructed from continuity equations, rather than conservation laws, and do not transform as tensors. We show that the Gordon [1] momentum is the unique total momentum in a thermodynamically closed system consisting of the field and a negligibly reflecting dielectric. We construct conservation laws based on the conserved Gordon momentum and use them to construct a symmetric traceless energy-momentum tensor in a coordinate system with time-like coordinate ct/n. [4pt] [1] J. P. Gordon, Phys. Rev. A 8 14 (1973).

Crenshaw, Michael; Bahder, Thomas

2011-06-01

221

Microscopic derivation of electromagnetic force density in magnetic dielectric media  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Macroscopic force density imposed on a linear isotropic magnetic dielectric medium by an arbitrary electromagnetic field is derived by spatially averaging the microscopic Lorentz force density. The obtained expression differs from the commonly used expressions, but the energy-momentum tensor derived from it corresponds to a so-called Helmholtz tensor written for a medium that obeys the Clausius-Mossotti law. Thus, our microscopic derivation unambiguously proves the correctness of the Helmholtz tensor for such media. Also, the expression for the momentum density of the field obtained in our theory is different from the expressions obtained by Minkowski, Abraham, Einstein and Laub, and others. We apply the theory to particular examples of static electric, magnetic and stationary electromagnetic phenomena, and show its agreement with experimental observations. We emphasize that in contrast to a widespread belief the Abraham-Minkowski controversy cannot be resolved experimentally because of incompleteness of the theories introduced by Abraham and Minkowski.

Shevchenko, A.; Hoenders, B. J.

2010-05-01

222

The Visual Math Institute  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Visual Math Project was founded in 1975 by Professor Ralph Abraham from the University of California at Santa Cruz. Ralph Abraham, who is now retired, formed a nonprofit organization called the Visual Math Institute (VMI) and continues to maintain its website. In the FAQ section, Abraham explains that Visual Math (VM) "refers to the coordination of multiple modes of intelligence and representation, cognitive styles, for the purpose of communication of mathematics." The FAQ section also includes information on Math Anxiety as well as an overview of mathematics, Euclid, and chaos theory. VMI's research, which is described further in the Research section, "is devoted to visual math research and education, including computation math, computer graphics, and interactive environments." The visual projects on Chaos, Euclid and Kepler provide overviews of related topics, information on useful references, and some visual demonstrations of the topics.

223

Symmetric and conserved energy-momentum tensors in moving media  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A symmetric and conserved energy-momentum tensor for a scalar field in a moving medium is derived using the Gordon metric. When applied to an electromagnetic field, the method gives a similar result. This approach thus points a way out of the old Abraham-Minkowski controversy about the correct energy-momentum tensors for the electromagnetic field in a material medium. The new tensor describes the properties of the field alone while the Abraham tensor contains information about the field coupled to the medium.

Ravndal, Finn

2012-09-01

224

Surface deformation effects induced by radiation pressure and electrostriction forces in dielectric solids  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The surface displacement produced by radiation pressure and electrostriction forces is investigated considering the commonly accepted theories proposed by Minkowski and Abraham for the energy-momentum tensor. The contributions are modeled considering each effect separately assuming non-absorbing and absorbing solids and the thermoelastic deformation equations are solved numerically. We show that the surface deformation profiles as calculated by the Minkowski or Abraham momenta give different surface curvature, which could in principle be detected by measuring the surface displacement. Finally, an all-optical pump-probe photothermal method to detect the radiation pressure and electrostriction forces in transparent dielectric solids is proposed.

Astrath, N. G. C.; Lukasievicz, G. V. B.; Malacarne, L. C.; Bialkowski, S. E.

2013-06-01

225

The UFS-QOL, a new disease-specific symptom and health-related quality of life questionnaire for leiomyomata 1 1 The authors would like to thank Vivian M. Fraga, MD, Caryl G. Mussenden, MD, M. Melody Abraham, MD, Cara C. Simmonds, MD, and Anthony R. Scialli, MD, for their generous support in recruiting patients for participation in this study. 2 2 The Uterine Fibroid Symptom and Quality of Life questionnaire is copyrighted by the Cardiovascular and Interventional Radiology Research and Education Foundation (CIRREF) (Fairfax, VA) and may be used without charge only with permission. Contact Research Director, CIRREF, 10201 Lee Highway, Suite 500, Fairfax, VA. Telephone: (703) 691-1805  

Microsoft Academic Search

OBJECTIVE:To create and validate a questionnaire for assessing symptom severity and symptom impact on health-related quality of life for women with leiomyomata.METHODS:The questionnaire was derived from focus groups of women with leiomyomata. Content validity was established through cognitive debriefings of women with leiomyomata and review by expert clinicians. Patients for the validation study were recruited from five gynecologists’ offices, an

James B Spies; Karin Coyne; Noureddine Guaou Guaou; Deneane Boyle; Kerry Skyrnarz-Murphy; Sheila M Gonzalves

2002-01-01

226

Mary Lincoln's Madness: Understanding the Factors that Influence the Diagnosis and Treatment of Bipolar Disorder  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Mary Lincoln, wife of President Abraham Lincoln, lived a tragic life. Beginning with the death of her mother when she was a little girl, Mrs. Lincoln experienced a number of family deaths, including three brothers, three sons, and the murder of her beloved husband while she sat by his side. In addition to tragedy, Mrs. Lincoln suffered from poor…

Dick, Carina; Renes, Susan L.; Strange, Anthony T.

2010-01-01

227

Energy–momentum tensor for the electromagnetic field in a dielectric  

Microsoft Academic Search

The total momentum of a thermodynamically closed system is unique, as is the total energy. Nevertheless, there is continuing confusion concerning the correct form of the momentum and the energy–momentum tensor for an electromagnetic field interacting with a linear dielectric medium. Rather than construct a total momentum from the Abraham momentum or the Minkowski momentum, we define a thermodynamically closed

Michael E. Crenshaw; Thomas B. Bahder

2011-01-01

228

Energy-momentum tensor for the electromagnetic field in a dielectric  

Microsoft Academic Search

The total momentum of a thermodynamically closed system is unique, as is the total energy. Nevertheless, there is continuing confusion concerning the correct form of the momentum and the energy-momentum tensor for an electromagnetic field interacting with a linear dielectric medium. Rather than construct a total momentum from the Abraham momentum or the Minkowski momentum, we define a thermodynamically closed

Michael E. Crenshaw; Thomas B. Bahder

2011-01-01

229

Consumables: Are Servmarts Cost Effective.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A study is presented of the current Department of Navy's (DoN) method of supplying consumable type material through its retail outlet (SERVMART) in Alameda, CA. to the fleet and supporting shore facilities (e.g. USS Abraham Lincoln CVN-72 and Naval Air St...

S. F. Carlson T. M. Greene

1995-01-01

230

Sex Differences in a Human Analogue of the Radial Arm Maze: The ''17-Box Maze Test''  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study investigated sex differences in spatial memory using a human analogue of the Radial Arm Maze: a revision on the Nine Box Maze originally developed by Abrahams, Pickering, Polkey, and Morris (1997) called the 17-Box Maze Test herein. The task encourages allocentric spatial processing, dissociates object from spatial memory, and…

Rahman, Q.; Abrahams, S.; Jussab, F.

2005-01-01

231

Frederick Douglass - An American Life.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The life of Federick Douglass is revealed in docudrama flashbacks. He recalls the brutal moments of his bondage; his escape to freedom; his commitment to the rights of slaves and women; his relationship with William Garrison, John Brown, Abraham Lincoln a...

1994-01-01

232

Leopold von Buch  

USGS Multimedia Gallery

This portrait of Leopold von Buch(1774-1853) was painted in the 1920s by Abner Lowe. Geologist, Paleontologist, and Graduate of the mining academy, Frieburg, Germany, von Buch is largely known for finding flaws in Abraham G. Werner's hypothesis (rocks from aqueous origins). Some of his more importan...

2009-07-22

233

Learning from Lincoln: Leadership Practices for School Success  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|When you think of great leaders, of course Abraham Lincoln would come to mind. But can the life of a great 19th century president really shed light on what 21st century school leaders should do? "Yes," say authors Harvey Alvy and Pam Robbins. Their book explores how Lincoln's ability to persevere and lead despite adversity provides a compelling…

Alvy, Harvey; Robbins, Pam

2010-01-01

234

Toward a Psychology of Optimal Human Functioning: What Positive Psychology Can Learn from the “Experiential Turns” of James, Dewey, and Maslow  

Microsoft Academic Search

Past perspectives on optimal functioning and experience are discussed to inform current epistemological debates in humanistic and positive psychology. It is suggested that William James, John Dewey, and Abraham Maslow initiated “experiential turns” in American psychology, or turns toward immediate subjective experience, to explore questions about what makes life fulfilling and meaningful. Furthermore, these turns toward subjectivity were grounded in

Kevin Rathunde

2001-01-01

235

THE PASTOR'S REFLECTIONS... Mass Schedule  

Microsoft Academic Search

This should strike us, who know the rest of the story. It means that God did the very act that he asked Abraham to do. God took His Son to the mountain and allowed Him to be the sacrifice for all of us. In the first reading, God spares the son and pro- vided a ram. In the Gospel, God

SUNDAY MASSES

2009-01-01

236

Care of the elder veteran: new directions for change  

Microsoft Academic Search

Prologue: The medical care system that serves the nation's mili- tary veterans occupies a unique place in American society. Publicly financed and centrally administered by the Veterans Ad- ministration (VA), the system is designed to fulfill what society has determined is its obligation to, as Abraham Lincoln declared so eloquently a century ago, \\

Mark Schlesinger; Terrie Wetle

1986-01-01

237

Invested in Inquiry  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Imagine a learning format that engages high schoolers personally in their learning while ensuring that they meet their school's prescribed standards. Clarke describes how the Pathways program created at a combined middle/high school in Bristol, Vermont (Mount Abraham Union High School), allows students to center school work around their personal…

Clarke, John H.

2012-01-01

238

Book Review: Abortion in the United States  

Microsoft Academic Search

This book is a report of a conference, consisting mostly of doctors, which was held at Arden House under the sponsorship of the Planned Parenthood Federation of America and the New York Academy of Medicine. Among the thirty-nine participants many names well known in medical and demographic circles are to be found-names such as Alan Guttmacher, Harold Rosen, Abraham Stone,

Fowler V. Harper

1958-01-01

239

Abrahán Enseña astronomía: el prototipo bíblico del estudio del cómputo en las abadías Benedictinas de Cava de' Tirreni y Ripoll  

Microsoft Academic Search

In two miscellanies of computus from the abbeys of Cava de' Tirreni (XI century) and Santa María de Ripoll (XII century) an interesting illumination with the patriarch Abraham teaching three Egyptian disciples in secrets of cosmos was represented. The image, not documented in the Vulgata, is derived from a Jewish-Hellenistic tradition that presented Hebrews preceding Egyptians and Greeks in scientific

M. A. Castiñeiras González

1997-01-01

240

The Community College Humanities Review, Winter 1984-1985, Number 6.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This issue of "The Community College Humanities Review" contains a series of articles, reviews, and reports addressing various issues related to values education and other areas of the humanities. The issue contains: "The Study of History and the Question of Human Values," by Abraham Ascher; "A Moral Imperative for Teaching Values in a Literature…

Schmeltekopf, Donald D., Ed.; Johnson, Glen, Ed.

1985-01-01

241

Forcing Axioms and Cardinal Arithmetic  

Microsoft Academic Search

We survey some recent results on the impact of strong forcing axioms such as the Proper Forcing Axiom PFA and Martin's Maximum MM on cardinal arithmetic. We concentrate on three combinatorial principles which follow from strong forcing axioms: stationary set reection, Moore's Mapping Reection Principle MRP and the P-ideal dichotomy introduced by Abraham and Todor cevi c which play the

Boban Veli

242

Lincoln and May: Destiny Visible in the Life of the Great Emancipator  

Microsoft Academic Search

The author presents the life of Abraham Lincoln as an example of Rollo May’s philosophical conceptualization of destiny. May used the term destiny to refer to the talents and limitations fated to us. Moreover, he emphasized the responsibility to act with freedom to shape destiny. In overcoming hardship and achieving greatness, Lincoln challenged his destiny. Additionally, the author proposes that

Michelle M. Merwin

2012-01-01

243

Discover Presidential Log Cabins. Teacher's Discussion Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Discover Presidential Log Cabins is a set of materials designed to help educate 6-8 grade students about the significance of three log cabin sites occupied by George Washington, Ulysses Grant, Abraham Lincoln, and Theodore Roosevelt. This teacher's discussion guide is intended for use as part of a larger, comprehensive social studies program, and…

National Park Service (Dept. of Interior), Washington, DC.

244

Electrodynamics and Radiation Reaction  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The self force of electrodynamics is derived from a scalar field. The resulting equation of motion is free of all of the problems that plague the Lorentz Abraham Dirac equation. The age-old problem of a particle in a constant field is solved and the solution has intuitive appeal.

Hammond, Richard T.

2013-02-01

245

The Homestead Act of 1862. Teaching with Documents.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|On January 1, 1863, Daniel Freeman, a Union Army scout convinced a land office clerk in St. Louis (Missouri) to open the office shortly after midnight so that Freeman could file a land claim. In doing so, Freeman became one of the first to take advantage of the opportunities provided by the Homestead Act, a law signed by President Abraham Lincoln…

National Archives and Records Administration, Washington, DC.

246

Vox Populi, Vox Dei: Themes of Civil Religion in the Public Speech of William Jennings Bryan  

Microsoft Academic Search

Writing in a time of economic upheaval and dramatic inequalities of wealth, William Jennings Bryan argued for popular sovereignty in all aspects of American political, economic, and institutional life. I argue that Bryan drew on the rhetorical tradition of American civil religion, being influenced by the public speech of figures as diverse as Stephen Douglas, Abraham Lincoln, and literary editor

Adam Gomez

247

Teaching Critical Thinking by Asking "Could Lincoln Be Elected Today?"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Because in his Gettysburg Address, President Abraham Lincoln said, "we here highly resolve that these dead shall not have died in vain," and "...that government of the people, by the people, for the people, shall not perish from the earth," it is accurate to report that he spoke the words "perish from the earth" and "died in vain." But if his 1864…

Jamieson, Kathleen Hall

2012-01-01

248

A Validation Study of Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs Theory.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A study was conducted to expand the body of research that tests the validity of Abraham Maslow's hierarchy of needs theory in a work context where it often serves as a guide for the supervisor's relationships with his subordinates. Data was gathered by questionnaire which tested for a hierarchy of needs among instructors at four community…

Clay, Rex J.

249

From the Chair Celebrating Our Heritage Celebrating Our Heritage Celebrating Our Heritage Celebrating Our Heritage Celebrating Our Heritage  

Microsoft Academic Search

In late January I received my copy of the winter Newsletter of History of Science Society and was very pleased to notice an an- nouncement of the Abraham Pais Award among its listings of grants, fellowships and prizes. After two years of hard work by our dedi- cated Award Committee, word is finally going out to history and physics colleagues

Michael Riordan

2004-01-01

250

The ministry of Israel to the nations: a biblical theology of missions in the era of the Old Testament canon  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose for this study is to evaluate Israel's relationship with the Gentile nations to determine if Israel had a general missionary mandate to go and witness to the surrounding nations. With this specific purpose in mind, this dissertation examines other broader issues concerning God's intention for all peoples following His choice of Abraham and the nation Israel. It will

Kevin Paul Oberlin

2006-01-01

251

Towards a genealogy of wealth through an analysis of biblical discourses  

Microsoft Academic Search

A primary concern of accounting is the determination of the financial position or “wealth” of an entity. Using an interpretive methodology adapted from Michel Foucault, this contribution seeks to develop a genealogy of wealth through an analysis of Biblical discourses pertaining to wealth. In particular, the article examines narratives depicting the life of Abraham as these relate to discourses about

C. Richard Baker

2006-01-01

252

Teaching Critical Thinking by Asking "Could Lincoln Be Elected Today?"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Because in his Gettysburg Address, President Abraham Lincoln said, "we here highly resolve that these dead shall not have died in vain," and "...that government of the people, by the people, for the people, shall not perish from the earth," it is accurate to report that he spoke the words "perish from the earth" and "died in vain." But if his…

Jamieson, Kathleen Hall

2012-01-01

253

A Dialectic Architecture for Computational Autonomy  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper takes the view that t o b e c onsidered autonomous, a software agent must possess the means by which to manage its own motivations and so define new goals. Using the motivational theories of Abraham Maslow as a starting po int, we investigate the role that argumentation processes might play in balancing the many competing aspects of

Mark Witkowski; Kostas Stathis

2003-01-01

254

Individual and community: Charles Murray's political philosophy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Charles Murray's political philosophy is utilitarian, individualist, and communitarian. The basis for his success in making these components cohere is his account of happiness, inspired by the motivation theory of Abraham Maslow. Murray claims that belonging to a community and self?respect (which on his analysis require a certain social commitment) are constituents of happiness. Hence utilitarians should attribute special value

James Hudson

1994-01-01

255

Can the Theory of Motivation Explain Migration Decisions?  

Microsoft Academic Search

According to Abraham Maslow's motivational theory, human action is motivated by five groups of human needs. The model introduced in this paper exploits Maslow's theory to explain migration flows between regions. In the model, movement from one place to another influences migrant's utility through three various ways. First, through change in wage caused by different wage levels in each location.

Natálie Reichlová

2005-01-01

256

Can Motivation Theory Explain Migration Decisions?  

Microsoft Academic Search

According to Abraham Maslow's motivational theory, human action is motivated by five levels of human needs. The model introduced in this paper exploits Maslow's theory to explain migration flows between regions. In the model, movement from one region to another influences migrant utility in three ways: through change in wage owing to different regional wage levels, through changes in utility

Natálie Reichlová

2007-01-01

257

Human capital revisited: the role of experience and education when controlling for performance and cognitive skills  

Microsoft Academic Search

Human capital theory predicts that differences in wages arise because of differences in human capital. The latter can be accumulated in two ways: through experience and education. Using matched firm - worker data for the Ghanaian Manufacturing sector we test whether changes in wages over the life cycle reflect changes in performance, following the methodology of Medoff and Abraham (1980,

Pieter Serneels

2007-01-01

258

The Energy-Momentum Tensor of the Electromagnetic Field inside Matter  

Microsoft Academic Search

Two different energy-momentum tensors have been proposed to describe the electromagnetic field inside matter. Abraham suggested a symmetric tensor while Minkowski's tensor is nonsymmetric. With the aid of a thought experiment it is shown here that only the symmetric tensor satisfies the momentum conservation and center-of-mass theorems simultaneously.

N. L. Balazs

1953-01-01

259

Momentum of an electromagnetic wave in dielectric media  

Microsoft Academic Search

Almost a hundred years ago, two different expressions were proposed for the energy-momentum tensor of an electromagnetic wave in a dielectric. Minkowski's tensor predicted an increase in the linear momentum of the wave on entering a dielectric medium, whereas Abraham's tensor predicted its decrease. Theoretical arguments were advanced in favour of both sides, and experiments proved incapable of distinguishing between

Robert N. C. Pfeifer; Timo A. Nieminen; Norman R. Heckenberg; Halina Rubinsztein-Dunlop

260

Photon-drag experiment and the electromagnetic momentum in matter  

Microsoft Academic Search

The photon-drag experiment of Gibson et al. [Proc. R. Soc. London, Ser. A 370, 303 (1980)], operating in the millimeter region, is analyzed and compared with predictions following from the electromagnetic energy-momentum tensors of Minkowski, of Abraham, of Peierls, and of Einstein and Laub. In agreement with the experimentalists, it is found that the Minkowski tensor explains the observations in

I. Brevik

1986-01-01

261

Colloquium: Momentum of an electromagnetic wave in dielectric media  

Microsoft Academic Search

Almost 100years ago, two different expressions were proposed for the energy-momentum tensor of an electromagnetic wave in a dielectric. Minkowski's tensor predicted an increase in the linear momentum of the wave on entering a dielectric medium, whereas Abraham's tensor predicted its decrease. Theoretical arguments were advanced in favor of both sides, and experiments proved incapable of distinguishing between the two.

Robert N. C. Pfeifer; Timo A. Nieminen; Norman R. Heckenberg; Halina Rubinsztein-Dunlop

2007-01-01

262

Electromagnetic energy and momentum in moving media  

Microsoft Academic Search

The problem of the electromagnetic energy-momentum tensor is among the oldest and the most controversial in macroscopic electrodynamics. In the center of the issue is a dispute about the Minkowski and the Abraham tensors for moving media. An overview of the current situation is presented. After putting the discussion into a general Lagrange-Noether framework, the Minkowski tensor is recovered as

Y. N. Obukhov

2008-01-01

263

Elementary Considerations on the Dynamics of Light Waves  

Microsoft Academic Search

An elementary treatment of the dynamical aspects of light refraction and Cerenkov radiation is given. Although some authors have given preference to the Minkowski energy momentum tensor in the interpretation of these effects, the treatment presented here shows that the rival theory of Abraham is fully capable of describing them correctly. A crucial point for the settlement of the old

G. Györgyi

1960-01-01

264

Constraining validity of the Minkowski energy-momentum tensor  

Microsoft Academic Search

There exist two popular energy-momentum tensors for an electromagnetic wave in a dielectric medium. The Abraham expression is robust to experimental verification but more mathematically demanding, while the Minkowski expression is the foundation of a number of simplifications commonly found within the literature, including the relative refractive index transformation often used in modeling optical tweezers. These simplifications are based on

Robert N. C. Pfeifer; Timo A. Nieminen; Norman R. Heckenberg; Halina Rubinsztein-Dunlop

2009-01-01

265

Mutual Trust and Confidence: The Requirement for a Harmonious Relationship between the President and the Warfighter.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Abraham Lincoln had been president for 39 days when the U.S. civil war began. A 34 year old West called to Washington to command the Army of the Potomac, mobilize a small army, and eventually serve as General in Chief. Displaying an enormous and unjustifi...

R. M. O'Brien

1988-01-01

266

GRANVILLE SHARP: A MODEL OF EVANGELICAL SCHOLARSHIP AND SOCIAL ACTIVISM  

Microsoft Academic Search

Granville Sharp is widely known in evangelical circles for his famous Greek rule that has been used to defend the deity of Christ in various NT passages. Outside of evangelical circles, Sharp is better known as the man who did for England what Abraham Lincoln did for America. He was the prime mover in the abolition of slavery in England.

DANIEL B. WALLACE

1998-01-01

267

Motivating the Gifted, Talented, Creative. A Meta-Analysis.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The main theories of motivation are reviewed in an effort to help teachers discern various tactics and techniques that they can use with gifted, talented, and creative students. Among the theories examined are Ivan Pavlov's respondent conditioning; Albert Ellis's rational-emotive approach; Abraham Maslow's triangular approach to growth and…

Shaughnessy, Michael F.

268

Motivation in Computer Supported Adult Learning Environments: Designing Online Learning to Support a Psychology of Becoming  

Microsoft Academic Search

Modelling teaching, in particular the type of teaching that inspires students, will require a non-utilitarian view of the person. Abraham Maslow and other Third Force psychologists have described the parameters that orient our investigations into relational knowing. We are left with the responsibility to discover the elements involved in genuine interpersonal engagement. Whole systems theory and living systems theory provide

Temi Rose

269

Negroes in Pre-Civil War History: New Myths in the Making  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article analyzes three incidents in pre-Civil War history; Crispus Attucks and the Boston Massacre, John Brown and the raid on Harpers Ferry, and Abraham Lincoln and the Emancipation Proclamation. The article examines how these incidents have been distorted into myths and stereotypes and offers more correct historical interpretations. (DE)|

Spear, Lois

1974-01-01

270

Philosophy of Education, 1974-1975. Proceedings of the Annual Meeting of the Far Western Philosophy of Education Society (23rd, Long Beach, California, December 6-7, 1974).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The proceedings of the 23rd annual meeting of the Far Western Philosophy of Education Society in 1974 are presented. The proceedings consist of 16 addresses. Titles include (1) Leonard Abraham Fels, 1911-1974: A Memoriale; (2) Trying to Make Sense out of "Existential Thought and Education"; (3) Making Sense out of "Existential Thought and…

Jelinek, James J., Ed.

271

Linguistic Insights in Applied Linguistics. Collection d'"Etudes linguistiques," No. 14. Papers from the Neuchatel Colloquium in Applied Linguistics in collaboration with AIMAV, AILA, CILA, and the University of Neuchatel (2nd, May 25-26, 1973).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Papers from the 1973 Neuchatel Colloquium in Applied Linguistics are presented. Contents are as follows: "Karttunen's Types of Implication in English and German: A Contrastive Study," W. Abraham; "The Relevance of Generative Semantics for Language Teaching," R. Dirven; "'Be' plus 'ing' Revisited," H. Adamczeski; "The So-Called Deep Structures and…

Corder, S. P., Ed.; Roulet, E., Ed.

272

1. INTERIOR VIEW WITH NAVE, BARREL VAULTED SOLEA, ICONOSTAS WITH ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

1. INTERIOR VIEW WITH NAVE, BARREL VAULTED SOLEA, ICONOSTAS WITH ICON AND SANCTUARY. IN ARCH ABOVE THE SANCTUARY IS THE TABLE OF ABRAHAM. THE ICONOSTAS INCLUDES ICONS OF THE ARCHANGEL MICHAEL, THE HOLY TRINITY, MOTHER OF GOD HOLDING THE CHRIST CHILD, JESUS. - Holy Trinity-Holy Cross Greek Orthodox Church, 200 Nineteenth Street South, Birmingham, Jefferson County, AL

273

George W. Bush at Goree Island: American Slavery and the Rhetoric of Redemption  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|On July 8, 2003, at Goree Island, Senegal, George W. Bush delivered the most important speech on American slavery since Abraham Lincoln. As an example of rhetorical artistry, the speech is a masterpiece, putting the brutality of slavery into historical, political, and theological perspective. Although the speech had deliberative effects--it grew…

Medhurst, Martin J.

2010-01-01

274

Motivating Students for Excellence. The Best of ERIC on Educational Management, Number 73.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The first 2 of the 12 publications reviewed in this annotated bibliography use Abraham Maslow's hierarchy of needs to address problems, respectively, of teaching composition and of motivating students by teaching them how to set goals, formulate goal-achievement strategies, and successfully implement their plans. Subsequent reports suggest ways…

ERIC Clearinghouse on Educational Management, Eugene, OR.

275

The Use of Maslow's Model in History  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Explains how Abraham Maslow's theory of the hierarchy of human needs can explain the success of medieval society which lasted 300 years. Based on sequential fulfillment of physical needs, security, affiliation, esteem, and self-fulfillment, the model can also illustrate how modern governments satisfy citizens' needs. (AV)|

Hubbs, Hugh

1978-01-01

276

Model Common-Core Unit Piloted for ELL Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Seventh and 8th grade English-learners in selected urban schools will soon dive into some of the most celebrated speeches in U.S. history. They'll dissect, for example, Abraham Lincoln's Gettysburg Address, Martin Luther King Jr.'s "I Have a Dream," and Robert F. Kennedy's "On the Death of Martin Luther King." Though their English-language skills…

Maxwell, Lesli A.

2013-01-01

277

Steal These Ideas! Winning Activities from Real Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents several winning activities for students in the classroom. These activities include: (1) making Abraham Lincoln costumes; (2) creating frosty scenes from torn-paper collage for a grammar activity; (3) listening to Dr. Martin Luther King's "I have a Dream" speech; (4) hosting an architectural challenge for a kindergarten class;…

Instructor, 2007

2007-01-01

278

Belfast and the American Civil War  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article examines the Belfast reaction to the American Civil War as reported by the US consul, Dr John Young, and the leading Belfast newspapers. Such major events and issues as the secession crisis, the Trent affair, the sailing of commerce raiders and blockade runners, major battles, the economic effects of the war, and the death of President Abraham Lincoln

Francis M. Carroll

2011-01-01

279

The Homestead Act of 1862. Teaching with Documents.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

On January 1, 1863, Daniel Freeman, a Union Army scout convinced a land office clerk in St. Louis (Missouri) to open the office shortly after midnight so that Freeman could file a land claim. In doing so, Freeman became one of the first to take advantage of the opportunities provided by the Homestead Act, a law signed by President Abraham Lincoln…

National Archives and Records Administration, Washington, DC.

280

Some Properties Of The Exit Measure For Super-Brownian Motion  

Microsoft Academic Search

. We consider the exit measure of super-Brownian motion with a stable branchingmechanism of a smooth domain D of Rd. We derive lower bounds for the hitting probabilityof small balls for the exit measure and upper bounds in the critical dimension. This completesthe results given by Sheu [20] and generalizes the results of Abraham and Le Gall [2]. Wegive also

Romain Abraham

1999-01-01

281

Rock "n" Roll Presidents on Mount Rushmore. Second Grade Activity. Schools of California Online Resources for Education (SCORE): Connecting California's Classrooms to the World.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A historian, Doane Robinson, and a sculptor, Gutzon Borglum, worked together to build a gigantic monument in South Dakota that honored four of the greatest U.S. presidents: George Washington, Abraham Lincoln, Theodore Roosevelt, and Thomas Jefferson. Robinson and Borglum wanted the monument to represent U.S. ideals. To celebrate the anniversary…

Sawyer, Debbie

282

Eventos de Febrero (February Events).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Designed as a resource for teachers, the booklet contains brief information on eight events celebrated by Puerto Ricans in the month of February: La Candelaria; Abraham Lincoln; Black History; Valentine's Day; Julia de Burgos; Luis Munoz Marin; George Washington; and the Carnaval. Written in Spanish, the booklet discusses the orgin and ways of…

Toro, Leonor; Pla, Myrna

283

As Land-Grant Law Turns 150, Students Crowd into Agriculture Colleges  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|On July 2, 1862, Abraham Lincoln signed Justin Morrill's second agriculture-school bill into law. Along with another measure he championed, in 1890, it created a system of land-grant colleges that rooted agriculture firmly in university research and helped democratize American higher education, creating institutions not for the sons and daughters…

Biemiller, Lawrence

2012-01-01

284

A. Lincoln, Esquire Defends The Murdererof A Physician  

Microsoft Academic Search

After only about a year of law practice, Abraham Lincoln participated in his first murder trial. Dr. Jacob M. Early was shot and killed in a bitter political imbroglio. Lincoln joined a defense team of highly accomplished litigators. Despite his having the least legal experience, he was selected to give the defense summation. In his argument, he spoke to the

Allen D. Spiegel; Florence Kavaler

2005-01-01

285

Indestructible properties of S- and L-spaces ? ? The preparation of this paper was supported by the Hungarian National Foundation for Scientific Research grant no. 25745 and by Grant-in-Aid for JSPS Fellows No. 98259 of the Ministry of Education, Science, Sports and Culture, Japan  

Microsoft Academic Search

Building on a method of Abraham and Todor?evi? we prove a preservation theorem on certain properties under c.c.c. forcings. Applying this result we show that (1) an uncountable, first countable, 0-dimensional space containing only countable and co-countable open subspaces, and (2) S- and L-groups can exist under Martin's Axiom.

L Soukup

2001-01-01

286

Post Conflict Operations and the Combatant Commander -- Lessons Learned from Operation Iraqi Freedom.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

On May 1, 2003, before a live television audience onboard the USS Abraham Lincoln, President George W. Bush declared victory for the United States and the end of major combat operations in Iraq. Preceding the president's speech was perhaps the most stunni...

G. A. Lawrence

2006-01-01

287

Science and Metaphysics in the Three Religions of the Book  

Microsoft Academic Search

The three religions of the Book trace their origins back to the same Abrahamic experience, but only one, Christianity, developed a metaphysical framework consistent with that of modern science. Both Judaism and Islam during their formative years, and continuously up to modern times, considered Greek philosophy and science alien wisdom, jeopardizing their sacred scriptures. The different path followed by Christianity

Toby E. Huff

2000-01-01

288

RHETORIC: HELEN KELLER'S SOCIALIST YEARS  

Microsoft Academic Search

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS All of my friends and family have been lifesavers during this entire process— thank you! A very grateful thanks is extended to my husband,Tye Walker for his loving support and patience. Also to my father Dr. John P. Abraham whose,support has been a very present help. It goes without saying that I have an excellent committee: Dr. M. Gring,

MARY WALKER

2003-01-01

289

Fool-proof proofs of God?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Two claims have been explored, the first, that fool-proof proofs of the sort that there could be if there were a God like the God of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob are not to be expected, on good religious grounds (a claim I found wanting); and second, that there cannot be philosophical proofs of God which work beyond reasonable doubt.

Frank B. Dilley

1977-01-01

290

Leadership succession in early Islam: Exploring the nature and role of historical precedents  

Microsoft Academic Search

When Muhammad died in 632, he had left no clear indication as to whom if anyone should succeed him as a leader of the Islamic community. According to tradition, both Moses and Jesus before him, as founding figures of Islam's sister Abrahamic faiths Judaism and Christianity, had publicly announced their choices. In the present century, as has been the case

Robert A. Campbell

2008-01-01

291

Signs of Peace: The Interfaith Letters of Thomas Merton  

Microsoft Academic Search

Merton’s letters to interfaith friends illuminate the great challenge of dialogue and communion. During the last decade of his life, Thomas Merton corresponded with numerous people around the globe about world religions and the need for interfaith understanding. Initiating contact with figures like Zen scholar D.T. Suzuki, Thich Nhat Hanh, and Rabbi Abraham Heschel, he sought not only to expand

William D. Apel

2006-01-01

292

\\  

Microsoft Academic Search

Proverbs in political rhetoric help grass-roots efforts to bring about human and social improvements regionally, nationally, and globally. Drawing on the proverbial prowess of such national figures as Abigail and John Adams, Abraham Lincoln, Frederick Douglass, Elizabeth Cady Stanton, Susan B. Anthony, Franklin D. Roosevelt, John F. Kennedy, Martin Luther King, Barack Obama, and others, this article shows that they

Wolfgang Mieder

2011-01-01

293

The national pastime trade-off: how baseball sells US foreign policy and the American way  

Microsoft Academic Search

From Abraham Lincoln and the Civil War to George W. Bush and the Iraq War, we can observe baseball's role in developing the American empire, first at home and then beyond US shores. From Albert Spalding and baseball's first world tour to Bud Selig and the World Baseball Classic, we can see the globalisation of America's national pastime, and baseball's

Robert Elias

2011-01-01

294

Interference Effects of Strongly Localized Electrons  

Microsoft Academic Search

We explore the possible role of quantum interference phenomena in conduction in the Variable Range Hopping, or deep insulating regime. The critical resistors in the Miller-Abrahams network are regarded as the phase coherent units. We consider a simple model of forward scattering paths (disregard backscattering) on a diagonal lattice. The hopping probability for non-resonant tunneling between two impurity sites, is

Ernesto Antonio Medina

1991-01-01

295

Publikationsrezensionenen: Ortelius’ Theatrum Orbis Terrarum (1570–1641) : Characteristics and development of a sample of on verso map texts von Marcel van den Broecke. Netherlands Geographical Studies 380  

Microsoft Academic Search

Das in zahlreichen Auflagen ab 1570 in Antwerpen publizierte Theatrum Orbis Terrarum von Abraham Ortelius (1527–1598) gilt als der erste Atlas, der die wesentlichen Merkmale zur Definition dieser Schriftengattung in sich vereinigt. Zu den kartographiehistorischen und kartenbibliographischen Aspekten dieses Themas gibt es inzwischen eine reiche Literatur. Ein weiteres, für mehr als ein Jahrhundert bis um 1700 zum Typus Atlas gehörendes

Peter H. Meurer

2009-01-01

296

Readings in American History (In Their Own Words), Book II: Growth of the New Nation and Teacher's Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This skills-text is the second of four books in the series "Readings in American History." The materials allow opportunities to improve reading and comprehension skills in a subject matter context by using certain primary sources related to the topic. Book 2 covers the period immediately following the American Revolution to the election of Abraham

Abramowitz, Jack

297

Win or Go Home?: Michigan Soldiers View of the 1864 Presidential Election  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abraham Lincoln is one of the most revered Presidents in the history of the United States. Lincoln is remembered for ending slavery, ending the Civil War, and reconstructing the country after the atrocities of the Civil War. Despite his accomplishments, Lincoln was not the heroic icon during the Civil War he is today. Coming into the 1864 Presidential election, Lincoln's

Jonathan Tropf

2012-01-01

298

The Place of Grammar in the ESL/EFL Classroom: An Annotated Bibliography.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This annotated bibliography includes citations of journal articles and book chapters that focus on current theories related to teaching grammar in English-as-a-Second-Language and English-as-a-Foreign-Language classrooms. Citations include: (1) "Field Independence-Dependence and the Teaching of Grammar" (R. G. Abraham); (2) "Making Informed…

Kotapish, Carl E.

299

Act of Justice: Lincoln's Emancipation Proclamation and the Law of War  

Microsoft Academic Search

In his first inaugural address, Abraham Lincoln declared that as president he would “have no lawful right” to interfere with the institution of slavery. Yet less than two years later, he issued a proclamation intended to free all slaves throughout the Confederate states. When critics challenged the constitutional soundness of the act, Lincoln asserted that he was endowed “with the

Burrus M. Carnahan

2007-01-01

300

Change and the 2008 American Presidential Election  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary The political landscape of the United States of America experi- enced a momentous historical shift on November 4, 2008 when American citizens elected their first black leader to the land's highest office. This was no small feat for a country whose racial history is tarnished by the practice of slavery. Though President Abraham Lin- coln's Emancipation Proclamation abolished slavery

YVETTE M. ALEX-ASSENSOH

301

Lincoln and Chiriquí Colonization Revisited  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article looks at Abraham Lincoln's pursuit of colonization in the Chiriquí region of Colombia (now Panamá), conventionally known as one of just two places that he seriously considered with respect to his policy of relocating African Americans. Challenging the standard account of the scheme's demise around October 1862 due to vehement Central American protest, this piece questions whether such

Sebastian N. Page

2011-01-01

302

\\  

Microsoft Academic Search

This chapter draws on examples from the Abrahamic faiths and on the work of scholars in the fields of international relations, theology and philosophy to sketch some starting principles for thinking about how religious scripture can utilised in the construction of international affairs. A threefold argument is provided that scriptures “really exist” as a political resource, they contain a diversity

John Rees

2012-01-01

303

ABM treaty and the SDI program  

SciTech Connect

Included are statements by Ambassador Paul H. Nitze, Special Advisor to the President and Secretary of State on Arms Control Matters, and Abraham D. Sofaer, Legal Adviser, before the Subcommittee on Arms Control, International Security, and Science of the House Foreign Affairs Committee, Washington, DC, October 22, 1985

Not Available

1985-01-01

304

Model Common-Core Unit Piloted for ELL Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Seventh and 8th grade English-learners in selected urban schools will soon dive into some of the most celebrated speeches in U.S. history. They'll dissect, for example, Abraham Lincoln's Gettysburg Address, Martin Luther King Jr.'s "I Have a Dream," and Robert F. Kennedy's "On the Death of Martin Luther King." Though their English-language skills…

Maxwell, Lesli A.

2013-01-01

305

Running to Lose?: John C. Breckinridge and the Presidential Election of 1860  

Microsoft Academic Search

One important catalyst for the onset of the Civil War was the Presidential Election of Abraham Lincoln in 1860. Lincoln, competing against three other candidates, won the election with the smallest percentage of the popular vote in American history. Given the circumstances, a slightly different electoral slate might have engineered his defeat. We examine this possibility by focusing on the

Jeffery A. Jenkins; Irwin L. Morris

2006-01-01

306

Mercy without Covenant: A Literary Analysis of Genesis 19  

Microsoft Academic Search

This analysis of the text of Genesis 19 differs from conventional approaches that import ideological conceptions of Abraham found in the surrounding chapters and are often moralistic. This article argues that the pattern of speeches in the first half of the chapter portrays a positive characterization of Lot. Genesis 19 is more concerned to portray divine affirmation of Lot than

Paul Tonson

2001-01-01

307

A Hierarchy of Human Rights.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To establish an objective conception of human rights, one must first identify basic needs intrinsic to all people and then determine whether these needs are or can be hierarchically ordered. Many scholars have conducted research on the concept of human needs, particularly in the area of human rights. Among these scholars are Abraham H. Maslow…

Brockett, Charles

308

Celestial Worship and Ecstatic-Visionary Experience  

Microsoft Academic Search

John’s visions in Revelation not only contain scenes of heavenly worship, but also take place in the context of community worship. In this experience, the community understands itself to be caught up into the angelic worship in heaven. Parallel texts, such as The Ladder of Jacob, The Apocalypse of Abraham, The Ascension of Isaiah, a number of Dead Sea Scrolls

Paulo Augusto de Souza Nogueira

2002-01-01

309

Ideas That Shaped American Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Briefly discusses 10 books, or series of books, that represent major turning points in American education in the last 75 years. The authors include William H. McGuffey, Abraham Flexner, Lewis M. Terman, John Dewey, George S. Counts, Jerome S. Bruner, James S. Coleman, Michael B. Katz, and B. F. Skinner. (IRT)

Parker, Franklin

1981-01-01

310

Heinrich Johann Kessels (1781-1849). An important manufacturer of chronometers and precision pendulum clocks. (German Title: Heinrich Johann Kessels (1781-1849). Ein bedeutender Verfertiger von Chronometern und Präzisionspendeluhren)  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the first half of the 10th century, Heinrich Johann Kessels was one of the most important precision clock makers outside of England. He worked with Abraham Louis Breguet in Paris, and afterwards settled in Altona. Kessels was well known among the astronomers of his time, and he supplied numerous observatories in Europe and America with his pendulum clocks and

Günther Oestmann

2011-01-01

311

What's Happening in February?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Brief information is given on 12 February events celebrated by Puerto Ricans: Groundhog Day; Candlemas; St. Valentine's Day; Mardi Gras; Ash Wednesday; Black History; and the birthdays of Thomas Alva Edison, Abraham Lincoln, Susan B. Anthony, Julia de Burgos, Luis Munoz Marin, and George Washington. Designed as a teacher resource, the booklet…

Weissman, Ron; And Others

312

Maki-Thompson corrections in thin superconducting PtSi films nearby Tc  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We have studied the magnetoresistance (MR) of PtSi superconducting films of thickness 3 and 6 nm nearby superconducting transition temperature Tc. It is shown that the observed positive MR is mainly due to Maki-Thompson contribution. The saturation of Maki-Thompson magnetoresistance theoretically predicted by Lopes dos Santos and Abrahams has been observed.

Kvon, Z. D.; Baturina, T. I.; Donaton, R. A.; Baklanov, M. R.; Kostrikin, M. N.; Maex, K.; Olshanetsky, E. B.; Portal, J. C.

2000-07-01

313

Required Reading: Why Our American Classics Matter Now.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|By examining the works of classic American authors, this book presents the idea that individual human beings can break free of the structures of thought into which they are born and that, by reimagining the world, can change it. In chapters on Herman Melville, Henry David Thoreau, Edith Wharton, Richard Wright, Harriet Beecher Stowe, Abraham

Delbanco, Andrew

314

CUBA'S HARD CURRENCY DEBT  

Microsoft Academic Search

1. No work is ever done in a vacuum, and this paper is no exception. Thanks to Professor Abraham Ravid of NYU's Stern School of Business, Anna Szterenfeld of the Economist Intelligence Unit, Mark Siebel of the Miami Herald, and Leo Guzman of Leo Guzman and Associates for their thoughts on the subject. Special thanks go to Dr. Jerome Booth

Gabriel Fernández

315

Passing on the Faith: Transforming Traditions for the Next Generation of Jews, Christians, and Muslims  

Microsoft Academic Search

From the beginning, the Abrahamic faiths—Judaism, Christianity, and Islam—have stressed the importance of transmitting religious identity from one generation to the next. Today, that sustaining mission has never been more challenged. Will young people have a faith to guide them? How can faith traditions anchor religious attachments in this secular, skeptical culture? The fruit of a historic gathering of scholars

Heft James L. S. M

2007-01-01

316

Talking about Religion: How Highly Religious Youth and Parents Discuss Their Faith  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study builds on previous research regarding parent-child religious conversations to explore the transactional processes of these conversations. It employs qualitative analyses of interviews with highly religious parents and adolescents representing the Abrahamic faiths (Christianity, Judaism, Islam) from New England and Northern California.…

Dollahite, David C.; Thatcher, Jennifer Y.

2008-01-01

317

How Religiosity Helps Couples Prevent, Resolve, and Overcome Marital Conflict  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study reports on in-depth interviews with 57 highly religious, middle-aged married couples representing the major Abrahamic faiths (Christianity, Judaism, Islam) residing in New England and Northern California. The study uses grounded theory methods to create themes and a model describing the ways that religiosity influences marital…

Lambert, Nathaniel M.; Dollahite, David C.

2006-01-01

318

The Threefold Cord: Marital Commitment in Religious Couples  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study reports results from in-depth interviews with 57 highly religious middle-aged married couples representing the major Abrahamic faiths (Christianity, Judaism, Islam) and residing in New England and Northern California. The study uses grounded theory methods to create themes that describe the ways that religiosity influences marital…

Lambert, Nathaniel M.; Dollahite, David C.

2008-01-01

319

If We Knew What Spirituality Was, We Would Teach for It  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Two extraordinary recent experiences that the author would call highly "spiritual" are explored against the background of ideas provided by writers such as Friedrich Schleiermacher, Rudolf Otto, Paul Tillich, and Abraham Maslow to unpack what spirituality is, with particular attention to the emotions and the insights involved in spirituality. The…

Yob, Iris M.

2011-01-01

320

Value Conflicts between Civil Society and Military Institutions.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Values interpreted in terms of the need hierarchy concept of Abraham Maslow were assessed for a stratified random sample of 1360 Army personnel in grades recruit through colonel, and 850 young persons for some of whom military service was imminent. Both s...

H. C. Olson J. H. Bigelow P. S. Bonsall R. W. Rae

1972-01-01

321

Spielberg's "Lincoln" Fulfills the President's Emancipation Legacy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Steven Spielberg's latest movie "Lincoln" updates Americans' national understanding of their sixteenth president and provides a partial, artful lesson on the passage of the Thirteenth Amendment that abolished slavery. Starring Daniel Day-Lewis, this movie will become a defining work on President Abraham Lincoln's character and leadership in his…

Wolfford, David

2013-01-01

322

The ‘Dismal Science’ – Still? Economics and Human Flourishing  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper is an attempt to evaluate critically standard economic theory from the point of view of self-realization ethics and psychology. In doing so, there is considerable reliance on Abraham Maslow's well-known theory of personality development. According to his penetrating insight, it is insecurity that keeps a person trapped in a world of materialism – be it a desperate survival

Mark A. Lutz

2008-01-01

323

Learning from Heroes. Volume I.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This book is intended for teachers and parents who want to give their students and children inspiring models to imitate in developing positive character traits and attitudes. In the book are individuals from today (like Bill Cosby) or people in the past (like Abraham Lincoln) who will inspire children. In all, the book portrays 75 people of…

Frye, Vera

324

History of Humanistic Psychology in Czechoslovakia  

Microsoft Academic Search

An historical study of humanistic psychology in Czechoslovakia during the Communist interregnum of the Cold War is presented. It is argued that the Marxist milieu and censorship affected the introduction of humanistic psychology to the psychological landscape of Czechoslovakia. The shape of humanistic psychology and techniques used to evade Marxist censorship is discussed, along with the reasons Abraham Maslow and

Roy J. Decarvalho; Ivo Cermak

1997-01-01

325

The Role of Sustainability in Campus Planning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The Morrill Act of 1862, signed by Abraham Lincoln, established the land grant university with a Solomon-like simplicity: the federal government would deed large tracts of land to establish public colleges in each state. These institutions would then train young citizens in agriculture, forestry, mining and the mechanical arts--fields tied…

Havens, Greg; Chapman, Perry; Irwin, Bryan

2008-01-01

326

Neutrosophic modeling and control  

Microsoft Academic Search

Quite recently, Neutrosophic Logic has been proposed by Florentine Smarandache which is based on non-standard analysis that was given by Abraham Robinson in 1960s. Neutrosophic Logic was developed to represent mathematical model of uncertainty, vagueness, ambiguity, imprecision, incompleteness, inconsistency, redundancy and contradiction in data. All the factors stated are very integral to human thinking, as it is very rare that

Swati Aggarwal; Ranjit Biswas; A. Q. Ansari

2010-01-01

327

RECONCEPTUALIZING MULTICULTURALISM IN MUSIC EDUCATION: A FREIRIAN PERSPECTIVE  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper proposes a reconceptualization of multiculturalism in music education that places experiences with world musics inside social and political contexts that are consistent with ideas and ideals found in Freire's teachings. It suggests a teaching model that joins the goals of multiculturalism in music education with the goals of Freirian pedagogy. In this paper, Frank Abrahams1 describes and discusses

Frank Abrahams

2005-01-01

328

The Implementation of the Bully Prevention Program: Bully Proofing Your School and Its Effect on Bullying and School Climate on Sixth Grade Suburban Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Almost 70 years after Abraham Harold Maslow suggested in his 1943 work, "A Theory of Human Emotion", a child's need to feel safe in order to thrive (Maslow, 1943), educational communities, still embracing his insight, find themselves continuing to grapple with how to keep children safe-from one another. The bulk of educational research focused on…

Toner, Barbara K.

2010-01-01

329

Beyond self-actualization  

Microsoft Academic Search

The concept of self actualization in Humanistic Psychology, as developed by Abraham Maslow and Carl Rogers, is compared and contrasted with the concept of self-realization in Vedandic Hinduism and the two major schools of Buddhism-Thervada and Mahayana. The first part of the paper deals with the theoretical views of Maslow and Rogers and their philosophical foundations. The second part of

Ajit K. Das

1989-01-01

330

Talking About ReligionHow Highly Religious Youth and Parents Discuss Their Faith  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study builds on previous research regarding parent-child religious conversations to explore the transactional processes of these conversations. It employs qualitative analyses of interviews with highly religious parents and adolescents representing the Abrahamic faiths (Christianity, Judaism, Islam) from New England and Northern California. Variations in conversational processes are summarized in a conceptual model. Findings suggest that when parent-adolescent religious conversations

David C. Dollahite; Jennifer Y. Thatcher

2008-01-01

331

The care and feeding of the creative worker  

Microsoft Academic Search

What do these diverse elements have to do with managing the creative worker? In the 40's and 50's Abraham Maslow developed the concept that man is a perpetually wanting being who is continually striving to find ways to satisfy needs. These needs are internal; motivation is internal. He developed a hierarchy, or pyramid of needs. He maintained that there are

Donald R. Haws

1982-01-01

332

Ortelius' Theatrum Orbis Terrarum (1570-1641) : characteristics and development of a sample of on verso map texts  

Microsoft Academic Search

The reason why the texts on verso of the atlas maps written by one of the best studied cartographers, viz. Abraham Ortelius (1527-1598) of Antwerp in his Theatrum Orbis Terrarum of which the first edition appeared in 1570 have never been studied in the course of 450 years will probably remain an enigma. The research presented here tries to demonstrate

M. P. R. van den Broecke

2009-01-01

333

The Services Performed By American Colleges and Universities for Agriculture and Industry.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|During the ninety-eight years since Abraham Lincoln signed the Land Grant College Act, American colleges and universities have prodigiously expanded and extended the activities begun even earlier by alert pioneers. No longer do they limit themselves to the polite learning of interest to the republic of letters. Their services for agriculture and…

Cowley, W. H.; Jacks, David

334

Astronomical Diaries and Related Texts from Babylonia: Volume VI. Goal Year Texts by Hermann Hunger, Including Materials by Abra ham J. Sachs Vienna: Österreichische Akademie der Wissenschaften, 2006. Pp. xviii+ 471 (with 73 plates). ISBN 978--3--7001--3727--6. Cloth ¤ 95.20  

Microsoft Academic Search

The A. stronomical Diaries and Related Texts from Babylonia, a series of editions and translations of Late Babylonian astronomical tablets by Hermann Hunger and the late Abraham Sachs, has been one of the most signicant contributions to the study of ancient astronomy over the past two decades. Volumes 1--3 (published in 1988, 1989, and 1996) contain editions of all known

John M. Steele

335

NEH Western Humanities Conference Workshop (Asilomar, California, August 2-5, 1977).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Descriptions of nine humanities programs supported by the National Endowment for the Humanities at two- and four-year colleges are presented in this document. These include a 15-hour team taught interdisciplinary program for technology students at Abraham Baldwin Agricultural College (Georgia); the Bay Area Writing Project, aimed at strengthening…

1977

336

John Wilkes Booth and the Lincoln Conspiracy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The 1865 conspiracy to assassinate Abraham Lincoln also included plans to assassinate other government officials on that same April evening. The actor, John Wilkes Booth, succeeded in killing Lincoln, but his fellow conspirators bungled their attempts to kill William Seward, Andrew Johnson, Ulysses S. Grant, and possibly Edwin Stanton. In…

Nufrio, Ronald M.

337

Clash of Definitions: Controversies About Conscience in Medicine  

Microsoft Academic Search

What role should the physician's conscience play in the practice of medicine? Much controversy has surrounded the question, yet little attention has been paid to the possibility that disputants are operating with contrasting definitions of the conscience. To illustrate this divergence, we contrast definitions stemming from Abrahamic religions and those stemming from secular moral tradition. Clear differences emerge regarding what

Ryan E. Lawrence; Farr A. Curlin

2007-01-01

338

Association of Small Computer Users in Education (ASCUE) Summer Conference Proceedings (30th, North Myrtle Beach, South Carolina, June 7-12, 1997).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Papers from a conference on small college computing issues are: "An On-line Microcomputer Course for Pre-service Teachers" (Mary K. Abkemeier); "The Mathematics and Computer Science Learning Center (MLC)" (Solomon T. Abraham); "Multimedia for the Non-Computer Science Faculty Member" (Stephen T. Anderson, Sr.); "Achieving Continuous Improvement:…

Smith, Peter, Ed.

339

Inelastic scattering rate for electrons in thin aluminum films determined from the minimum frequency for microwave stimulation of superconductivity  

Microsoft Academic Search

A new method for determination of the inelastic scattering rate for electrons in thin films is presented, using the minimum frequency for microwave enhancement of the critical pair-breaking current. Measurements on clean aluminum films with thickness between 144 and 4 nm yield excellent agreement with predictions of Abrahams et al. for electron-electron scattering.

P. C. van Son; J. Romijn; T. M. Klapwijk; J. E. Mooij

1984-01-01

340

Do Wages Rise with Job Seniority? A Reassessment  

Microsoft Academic Search

We provide new estimates of the return to job seniority using data similar to that used by Abraham and Farber (1987), Altonji and Shakotko (1987) and Topel (1991) as well as a new PSID sample. Topel's use of a wage and a tenure that refer to different years, his use of the Current Population Survey to detrend the PSID, and

Joseph G. Altonji; Nicolas Williams

1997-01-01

341

Chesterwood: The Workshop of an American Sculptor. Teaching with Historic Places.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The late 19th- and early 20th-century sculptor, Daniel Chester French, spent 34 summers working daily at Chesterwood (Stockbridge, Massachusetts), his summer studio and home. The workplace was designed specifically for creating monumental public structures, works such as the "Abraham Lincoln" that forms the centerpiece of the Lincoln Memorial in…

Koman, Rita

342

Antietam Visit.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Describes the battle of antietam and its historical impact. It reenacts abraham lincoln's visit to antietam two weeks after the battle. Through the president's eyes, we learn of the bloodiest single day that 23,000 men were killed, wounded, and captured. ...

1994-01-01

343

Antietam Visit.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Describes the battle of Antietam and its historical impact. It reenacts Abraham Lincoln's visit to Antietam two weeks after the battle. through the president's eyes, we learn of the bloodiest single day that 23,000 men were killed, wounded, and captured. ...

1994-01-01

344

A physicist examines the Kennedy assassination film  

Microsoft Academic Search

The motion picture film of the Kennedy assassination taken by Abraham Zapruder was one of the most important exhibits examined by the Warren Commission. The author uses the tools of the physicist to draw some conclusions that escaped the notice of the Commission and its expert FBI photointerpreters. Among the subjects treated are (1) the timing of the gun shots,

Luis W. Alvarez

1976-01-01

345

Help History Come Alive with Mannequins.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Describes a teacher's use of life-size mannequins donated by a dress shop to teach students about historical figures and periods. Christopher Columbus, Florence Nightingale, Abraham Lincoln, George Washington Carver, and Helen Keller, among other historical figures, have been portrayed. (MDM)|

Wisdom, Cynthia Newman

1994-01-01

346

Career Education. Comments by Plato (And Others).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This pamphlet presents a number of quotations showing that what is now called career education is an old idea, one that transcends time and today unites advocates of many creeds and cultures. Those quoted include Plato, Benjamin Franklin, Abraham Lincoln, Samuel Gompers Helen Keller, James B. Conant, Whitney Young, Jr., Margaret Mead, Shirley…

Office of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC.

347

Resource Letter EM-1: Electromagnetic Momentum  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This Resource Letter surveys the literature on momentum in electromagnetic fields, including the general theory, the relation between electromagnetic momentum and vector potential, ``hidden'' momentum, the 4/3 problem for electromagnetic mass, and the Abraham-Minkowski controversy regarding the field momentum in polarizable and magnetizable media.

Griffiths, David J.

2012-01-01

348

The Deaf Man and the World; Work - Love - Worship - Play. Proceedings of National Forum II, Council of Organizations Serving the Deaf (New Orleans, Louisiana, February 19-22, 1969).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Papers and speeches concern the interaction of the deaf to a hearing world. Areas considered are the self concept of the deaf by Robert G. Sanderson, the problem of employment by Arthur G. Norris, underemployment by Abraham Stahler, the relationship of the deaf to his hearing family by Rosslyn Gaines Suchman, and personal counseling by Richard K.…

Jones, Ray L., Ed.

349

Job Motivation and the Need Fulfillment Deficiences of Educators.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The theoretical framework of Abraham Maslow espouses a holistic view of the human being in which individuals have universal tendencies to strive to satisfy physiological, sociological, and psychological needs as these need states become more or less predominant in their lives. The potency of need fulfillment, the extent of gratification of…

Chisolm, Grace B.; And Others

350

Help History Come Alive with Mannequins.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a teacher's use of life-size mannequins donated by a dress shop to teach students about historical figures and periods. Christopher Columbus, Florence Nightingale, Abraham Lincoln, George Washington Carver, and Helen Keller, among other historical figures, have been portrayed. (MDM)

Wisdom, Cynthia Newman

1994-01-01

351

A PERSONAL ENCOUNTER WITH PSYCHOLOGY (1937–2002)  

Microsoft Academic Search

An undergraduate assistantship with Abraham Maslow, research with Solomon Asch, and an indirect exposure to Ernest Nagel’s philosophy of science encouraged Howard H. Kendler to become involved with methodological issues in psychology. Graduate training with Kenneth Spence led to an active research career that was initially immersed in the latent learning controversy and later, with the collaboration of his wife

Howard H. Kendler

2002-01-01

352

THE MENTALLY RETARDED CHILD.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

THIS IS A REVISION BY THE LEVINSON FOUNDATION STAFF OF A BOOK WRITTEN BY DR. ABRAHAM LEVINSON IN 1952. WRITTEN FOR PARENTS OF MENTALLY RETARDED CHILDREN, THE BOOK REVIEWS TYPICAL PARENTAL REACTIONS TO THE BIRTH OF A RETARDED CHILD AND OFFERS ADVICE ON HOME CARE, SIBLING ACCEPTANCE, AND DISCIPLINE. ITS CONTENTS INCLUDE SUCH MATTERS AS HISTORICAL…

LEVINSON, ABRAHAM

353

Affective Education: A Teacher's Manual to Promote Student Self-Actualization and Human Relations Skills.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This teacher's manual presents affective education as a program to promote student self-actualization and human relations skills. Abraham Maslow's hierarchy of needs and Erik Erikson's life stages of psychosocial development form the conceptual base for this program. The goals and objectives of this manual are concerned with problem-solving…

Snyder, Thomas R.

354

Chesterwood: The Workshop of an American Sculptor. Teaching with Historic Places.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The late 19th- and early 20th-century sculptor, Daniel Chester French, spent 34 summers working daily at Chesterwood (Stockbridge, Massachusetts), his summer studio and home. The workplace was designed specifically for creating monumental public structures, works such as the "Abraham Lincoln" that forms the centerpiece of the Lincoln Memorial in…

Koman, Rita

355

Reducing the Probability of False Positives in Malingering Detection of Social Security Disability Claimants  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Symptom Validity Scale (SVS) for low-functioning individuals (Chafetz, Abrahams, & Kohlmaier, 2007) employs embedded indicators within the Social Security Psychological Consultative Examination (PCE) to derive a score validated for malingering against two criterion tests: Test of Memory Malingering (TOMM) and Medical Symptom Validity Test (MSVT). When any symptom validity test is used with Social Security claimants there is a

Michael Chafetz

2011-01-01

356

Optical momentum in negative-index media  

Microsoft Academic Search

The correct form of the energy-momentum tensor in a dielectric has been the subject of a controversy spanning the last hundred years. Three principal forms for the momentum, in particular, have been identified for dispersive media. These are the Abraham, Minkowski and canonical momenta. We investigate whether any of these forms can be distinguished by considering pulses of light incident

Mark G. Scullion; Stephen M. Barnett

2008-01-01

357

New Media and the Digital Environment  

Microsoft Academic Search

Panel featuring attorneys Lydia Cheuk of Blue Man Productions, LLC, Suzanne White of Coach, Inc., and Mary Rasenberger of Cowan, DeBaets, Abrahams & Sheppard LLP discuss new media and the digital environment as it pertains to I.P. law. This panel is moderated by Jenni Wiser, editor-in-chief of the Pace I.P., Sports & Entertainment Law Forum.

Jennette Wiser; Lydia Cheuk; Suzanne White; Mary Rasenberger

2011-01-01

358

9. View southeast, interior, ground floor, across area 5 towards ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

9. View southeast, interior, ground floor, across area 5 towards area 2, with area 3 at left - Abraham Cyrus Farmstead, Barn, About 160 feet south-southwest of farmhouse at 3271 Cyrus Road (County Road 1/6), Cyrus, Wayne County, WV

359

Radiation pressure of light pulses and conservation of linear momentum in dispersive media  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We derive an expression for the Minkowski momentum under conditions of dispersive susceptibility and permeability, and compare it to the Abraham momentum in order to test the principle of conservation of linear momentum when matter is present. We investigate cases when an incident pulse interacts with a variety of structures, including thick substrates, resonant, free-standing, micron-sized multilayer stacks, and negative index materials. In general, we find that for media only a few wavelengths thick the Minkowski and Abraham momentum densities yield similar results. For more extended media, including substrates and Bragg mirrors embedded inside thick dielectric substrates, our calculations show dramatic differences between the Minkowski and Abraham momenta. Without exception, in all cases investigated the instantaneous Lorentz force exerted on the medium is consistent only with the rate of change of the Abraham momentum. As a practical example, we use our model to predict that electromagnetic momentum and energy buildup inside a multilayer stack can lead to widely tunable accelerations that may easily reach and exceed 1010m/s2 for a mass of 10-5g . Our results suggest that the physics of the photonic band edge and other similar finite structures may be used as a testing ground for basic electromagnetic phenomena such as momentum transfer to macroscopic media.

Scalora, Michael; D'Aguanno, Giuseppe; Mattiucci, Nadia; Bloemer, Mark J.; Centini, Marco; Sibilia, Concita; Haus, Joseph W.

2006-05-01

360

The 14 Worst Myths about Recovered Mental Patients.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Fourteen myths about recovered mental patients are discussed in this pamphlet. The myths are introduced in a true/false checklist. Famous recovered victims of mental illness are cited, most notably Abraham Lincoln. Three vignettes concerning non-famous people and the rebuffs they faced as they attempted to become self-sufficient are presented.…

National Inst. of Mental Health (DHHS), Rockville, MD.

361

Courtroom Classics.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Gives background information on 12 famous litigators who each influenced the future of the judicial system and transformed the United States into what it is today; included, among others, are John Adams, Abraham Lincoln, Thurgood Marshall, Daniel Webster, and Clara Shortridge Foltz. (CMK)

Update on Law-Related Education, 1999

1999-01-01

362

Negroes in Pre-Civil War History: New Myths in the Making  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article analyzes three incidents in pre-Civil War history; Crispus Attucks and the Boston Massacre, John Brown and the raid on Harpers Ferry, and Abraham Lincoln and the Emancipation Proclamation. The article examines how these incidents have been distorted into myths and stereotypes and offers more correct historical interpretations. (DE)

Spear, Lois

1974-01-01

363

BS 400 Interaction Form  

Microsoft Academic Search

Time period – Beginning of creation to Joseph’s administration in Egypt People – Adam, Eve, Cain, Abel, Noah, Abraham, Sarah, Lot, Hagar, Ishmael, Isaac, Rebekah, Esau, Jacob, Laban, Rachel, Leah, Joseph, Pharaoh Places – Garden of Eden, Euphrates River, Nile River, Egypt, Canaan, Haran, Bethel, Hebron, Beersheba, Sodom and Gomorrah, Goshen, Paddan Aram Events – creation, sin, first murder, flood,

Mark J. Hatcher

2001-01-01

364

Don't just read it, live it!  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – This paper is based on actual teaching experience and aims to demonstrate the value of using historic role models, events, visits, and story telling to help students retain leadership concepts. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – Examples from leadership programs based on Abraham Lincoln, Winston Churchill, Dwight D. Eisenhower, Clara Barton, and Fredrick Douglass, illustrate how powerful stories and site visits drive

Everett Ladd; Antigoni Ladd

2010-01-01

365

Drugs, risk and society: Government, governance or governmentality?  

Microsoft Academic Search

This themed issue of Health, Risk & Society on Drugs, Risk and Society brings together six articles reflecting the importance of drugs in the study of health risks. The articles fall into three groups. The articles by Davis and Abraham (2011) and Gardner and Drew (2011) explore the government of risk and the ways in which regulators use scientific expertise

Andy Alaszewski

2011-01-01

366

Self-Actualization and Society: A New Application for an Old Theory  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article introduces the reader to a descriptive framework that differentiates between psychologically healthy and unhealthy social movements. This work parallels some of Abraham Maslow’s work on individual psychological health. The article explains this connection and explores the possibility of expanding the application of Maslow’s theories of motivation of individuals to the motivations of groups. These ideas are then applied

Ingrid Laas

2006-01-01

367

Letters, Telegrams, and Photographs Illustrating Factors That Affected the Civil War. The Constitution Community: Civil War and Reconstruction (1850-1870).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Prior to and during the Civil War, the North and the South differed greatly in the resources they could use. Documents held by the National Archives can aid in understanding the factors that influenced the eventual outcome of the War Between the States. After Abraham Lincoln was elected President in 1860, the South seceded because they believed…

Traill, David

368

Scientific evaluation by peer review  

Microsoft Academic Search

In his essay on peer review in the 18th century scientific journalism, David Abraham Kronick (1) pointed out that „ peer review is an essential and integral part of consensus building and is inherent and necessary to the growth of knowledge”. Editorial peer review, however, was far from being a well established institution back at Mendel’s time (2). It is

Nela Popescu

2007-01-01

369

Thinking about Religion from a Global Perspective.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The Student Text begins with a comparison of Eastern and Western World Religions. The three interrelated Abrahamic faiths are compared with Hindu-Buddhist traditions. Subsequent chapter titles are: "New Religions,""Religion and Morality,""Religion and Science,""Religion and Human Life,""A Historical Perspective" and "Getting Together." An…

Abrahamson, Brant; Smith, Fred

370

The Dreaming Child: Dreams, Religion and Religious Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Dreaming is an integral part of human life. Whilst psychology has generated extensive knowledge and understanding about dreams, it was in religious contexts that they were originally understood. This relationship between dreams and religion is still evident in contemporary society in the scriptures of the Abrahamic faiths, which narrate dreams…

Adams, Kate

2008-01-01

371

Introduction to Karen Horney  

Microsoft Academic Search

Karen Homey is a major psychoanalytic thinker who, after a period of neglect, is beginning to receive the attention she deserves. Born Karen Danielsen in a suburb of Hamburg in 1885, she studied medicine at the Universities of Freiburg, G0ttingen, and Berlin. She married Oskar Homey in 1909, entered analysis with Karl Abraham in 1910, and became a founding member

Bernard J. Paris

1996-01-01

372

Preliminary Historic Resource Study, Chatham, Fredericksburg and Spotsylvania County Battlefields Memorial, National Military Park, Virginia.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Chatham, built circa 1768 to 1771, is a classic example of a brick Georgian-style mansion. The manor's association with prominent individuals such as George Washington, Abraham Lincoln and Clara Barton and its use during the Civil War are part of its hist...

R. W. Johnson H. D. Unrau

1982-01-01

373

The Schenberg data acquisition and analysis: results from its first commissioning run  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Mario Schenberg gravitational wave detector has started its commissioning phase at the Physics Institute of the University of Sao Paulo. We have collected almost 200 h of data from the instrument in order to check out its behavior and performance. We have also been developing a data acquisition system for it under a VXI System. Such a system is composed of an analog-to-digital converter and a GPS receiver for time synchronization. We have been building the software that controls and sets up the data acquisition. Here we present an overview of the Mario Schenberg detector and its data acquisition system, some results from the first commissioning run and solutions for some problems we have identified.

Costa, César A.; Aguiar, Odylio D.; Oliveira, Nei F., Jr.; Gratens, Xavier; de Souza, Sérgio T.; Furtado, Sergio R.

2008-09-01

374

Observations with FG5 and A10 absolute gravimeters on Ross Island and in Terra Nova Bay in November-December 2011  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A campaign of absolute gravity (AG) measurements was conducted with both FG5 and A10 meters on Ross Island and in Terra Nova Bay in November and December 2011. It resulted from a collaboration between Danish, French, Italian, New Zealand and US agencies and institutes, under the POLENET program. For the second time in 2 years, AG was measured at McMurdo Station and Scott Base. For the fifth time in 21 years, it was measured at Mario Zucchelli Station. Moreover, AG field observations were initiated at various GPS stations of the A-NET network. We will report on the very last campaign, show the gravity trends at McMurdo Station, Scott Base and Mario Zucchelli Station, and describe how they compare to estimates of the gravity variation derived from space measurements by the GRACE twin satellites.

Rogister, Yves; Hothem, Larry; Nielsen, J. Emil; Bernard, Jean-Daniel; Hinderer, Jacques; Forsberg, René; Wilson, Terry; Capra, Alessandro; Zanutta, Antonio; Winefield, Rachelle; Collett, Dave

2013-04-01

375

A Qualitative Case Study of the Impact of Environmental and Personal Factors on Prominent Turkish Writers  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigates environmental factors that impact the lives of highly creative writers, specifically, novelists in a specific sociocultural context, Turkey. A qualitative multiple case study where the participants were four highly acclaimed Turkish novelists—Ya?ar Kemal (b. 1923, male), Adalet A?ao?lu (b. 1927, female), Mario Levi (b. 1957, male), and Latife Tekin (b. 1957, female)—was conducted. Interviews with the participants,

Adalet Baris Gunersel

2009-01-01

376

Briefly noted  

Microsoft Academic Search

THE SOPHISTS. By Mario Untersteiner. Trans, by Kathleen Freeman. New York: Philosophical Library, 1954; pp. xvi+368. $6.00.ARISTOTLE'S RHETORIC (translated by W. Rhys Roberts) AND POETICS (translated by Ingram Bywater). With an introduction by Friedrich Solmsen. New York: The Modern Library, 1954; pp. 289. $1.45.THREE LINCOLN MASTERPIECES. By Benjamin Barondess. Charleston, West Virginia: Education Foundation of West Virginia, 1954; pp. ix+156

Otis M. Walter; Ray Nadeau; H. F. Harding; Hollis L. White; Victor M. Powell; Roy F. Hudson

1955-01-01

377

The IP Law Book Review, vol. 2 #1, September 2011  

Microsoft Academic Search

Reviews and Reviewers:\\u000aMAKING AND UNMAKING INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY: CREATIVE PRODUCTION IN LEGAL AND CULTURAL PERSPECTIVE edited by Mario Biagioli, Peter Jaszi, and Martha Woodmansee. Reviewed by Rebecca Tushnet, Georgetown University Law School\\u000aCOPYRIGHT LAW AND THE PUBLIC INTEREST IN THE NINETEENTH CENTURY by Isabella Alexander. Reviewed by H. Tomas Gomez-Arostegui, Lewis & Clark Law School\\u000aTHE GLOBAL GOVERNANCE OF KNOWLEDGE:

William T Gallagher; Chester Chuang

2011-01-01

378

Mice used as model organisms, still imageSite: DNA Interactive (www.dnai.org)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Gene targeting techniques are used by scientists to simulate human genetic disorders in model organisms. Many scientists believe that gene targeting will lead the way to new methods for correcting genetic defects. Pioneered by Mario Capecchi, gene targeting is a process in which scientists use embryonic stem (ES) cells to simulate genetic disorders in mice, study their development, and test new therapies. Many believe that gene targeting will lead the way to new methods for directly correcting genetic defects.

2008-10-06

379

Cosmological History of the Vacuum  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this contribution, the author wishes to express his profound friendship and intellectual admiration towards Mario Castagnino. The playful tone of this contribution serves to underline some key elements of the longstanding scientific collaboration between the author and MC. These are used to construct a bootstrap-like cosmological history. The Universe appears to be its own cause, resulting from a prior stage which is nothing but itself. This leads to a self-consistent multiverse devoid of past or future singularities.

Gunzig, Edgard

380

PHYSLETS: Web Based Interactive Physics Problems  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

A CD to accompany the book Physlets: Teaching with Interactive Curricular Material by Wolfgang Christian and Mario Belloni. Physlets-"Physics Applets"-are small, flexible Java applets that can be used in a wide variety of WWW applications. Physlets require a Java 1.1 enabled browser that supports JavaScript to applet communication. Unfortunately, not all browsers support BOTH this communication and the Java 1.1 virtual machine.

Christian, Wolfgang; Belloni, Mario

2006-01-11

381

Ponzo Illusion Instructions  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Ponzo illusion, named after Italian artist and psychologist Mario Ponzo (1882-1960), is one of a set of geometrical illusions that produce misjudgment of relative line length. This misjudgment reflects our tendency to perceive two-dimensional geometric illustrations in certain contexts as if they were three-dimensional objects in our environment. This page provides information about how the Ponzo illusion can be used as a classroom activity.

382

AE (Aristotle-Euler) Diagrams: An Alternative Complete Method for the Categorical Syllogism  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mario Savio is widely known as the first spokesman for the\\u000aFree Speech Movement. Having spent the summer of 1964 as a civil\\u000arights worker in segregationist Mississippi, Savio returned to the\\u000aUniversity of California at a time when students throughout the\\u000acountry were beginning to mobilize in support of racial justice and\\u000aagainst the deepening American involvement in Vietnam.

Mario Savio

1998-01-01

383

Experiences with information locator services * * The author acknowledges the valuable contributions to GILS by many hundreds of people worldwide involved in related policy, standards, and technology over the years. Space here does not permit the naming of every major contributor, but the following have been among the most dedicated and valuable: Keith Belton (Southeastern Library Network); Clive Best, Josef Asbacher, and Dirk vanGulik (European Commission Centre for Earth Observation, Italy); Sigfus Bjarnson (European Environment Agency, Denmark); Ed Buchinksi, Pia Cole, Dave Harvey, and Oliver Javanpour (Government of Canada); Toni Carbo (University of Pittsburgh); Bonnie Carroll (Information International); Ray Denenberg and Rebecca Guenther (U.S. Library of Congress); Mike DiMario, Wayne Kelley, and T.C. Evans (U.S. Government Printing Office); Jim Fullton (United Nations, World Intellectual Property Organization, Switzerland); Tim Gauslin (American Management Systems); Sebastian H  

Microsoft Academic Search

Over the last few years, governments and other organizations have been using new technologies to create networked Information Locator Services that help people find information resources. These services not only enhance access to information, but also are designed to support fundamental information policy principles. This article relates experiences in developing and promoting services interoperable with the Global Information Locator Service

Eliot Christian

1999-01-01

384

Higher order terms of radiative damping in extreme intense laser-matter interaction  

SciTech Connect

The higher order terms of the Lorentz-Abraham-Dirac equation have been derived, and their effects are studied via a relativistic collisional particle-in-cell simulation. The dominant group of terms up to the fourth order of the Lorentz-Abraham-Dirac equation is identified for ultra-intense laser-matter interactions. The second order terms are found to be the damping terms of the Lorentz force while the first order terms represent friction in the equation of motion. Because the second order terms restrict electron acceleration during the laser interaction, electrons/ions are prevented from over-accelerating. Radiative damping becomes highly significant when I{>=} 10{sup 22} W/cm{sup 2} while Bremsstrahlung will be saturated, thus radiative damping will be a dominant source of hard x-rays in regimes at extreme intensities.

Pandit, Rishi R.; Sentoku, Yasuhiko [Department of Physics, University of Nevada, Reno, Nevada 89557 (United States)

2012-07-15

385

The 1st of April 2470 BC Total Solar Eclipse Seen by the Prophet Ibraheem  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Holy Quran describes a phenomenon seen by young Abraham that can only fit a solar eclipse. Two criteria were given for this particular eclipse; first only one planet was seen as soon as it got dark and second no corona was seen. In order to justify the first selection rule, examinations of solar and planetary longitudes for total solar eclipses passing over Babel were carried out. Only the eclipse of the 1st of April 2470 BC meets this condition, as it was only Venus that was seen at that eclipse. The second selection rule was also naturally fulfilled, as Babel happened to be on the border of the totality zone hence no corona was seen, however all the time the moon glistened as Baily's beads. There is no doubt that the prophet Abraham witnessed the 1st of April total solar eclipse that passed over Babel. This will put him about 470 years backward than it was previously anticipated.

Yousef, S. M.

386

Electromagnetic force density and energy-momentum tensor in an arbitrary continuous medium  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

For more than a century, physicists have searched for a unique and general form for the force density that an electromagnetic field imposes on a medium. The existing equations for this quantity, obtained, e.g., by Minkowski, Einstein and Laub, Abraham and Helmholtz, are manifestly different and, as such, give different predictions in some particular physical situations. The cases of real media with dispersion, dissipation and nonlinearities as well as materials with optical gain have not been addressed much. Here we present an unambiguous general equation for the force density expressed in terms of a new energy-momentum tensor of the field. The equation can be applied to almost any natural or designed material. We show how the results obtained by Minkowski, Helmholtz, Einstein and Laub, and Abraham appear as special cases of this general treatment. Surprisingly, our result turns out to be physically very close to the almost forgotten result of Einstein and Laub.

Shevchenko, A.; Kaivola, M.

2011-09-01

387

The enigma of optical momentum in a medium  

PubMed Central

It is 100 years since Minkowski and Abraham first gave rival expressions for the momentum of light in a material medium. At the single-photon level, these correspond, respectively, either to multiplying or dividing the free-space value () by the refractive index (n). The debate that this work started has continued till the present day, punctuated by the occasional publication of ‘decisive’ experimental demonstrations supporting one or other of these values. We review the compelling arguments made in support of the Minkowski and Abraham forms and are led to the conclusion that both momenta are correct. We explain why two distinct momenta are needed to describe light in a medium and why each appears as the natural, and experimentally observed, momentum in appropriate situations.

Barnett, Stephen M.; Loudon, Rodney

2010-01-01

388

The Emotional Voter  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a It seems self-evident that political figures arouse passion and emotion in the electorate. Vivid examples can be found throughout\\u000a all of political history. In 1864, Harper’s Weekly described Abraham Lincoln as a “monster”, a characterization that is clearly\\u000a emotionally evocative (Jamieson, 1992). John F. Kennedy, the “Camelot” president, evoked feelings of tremendous pride and\\u000a patriotism in his eloquent speeches (e.g.,

Linda M. Isbell; Victor C. Ottati

389

Replacing the Father: W. E. B. Du Bois' Reflections on George Washington's Birthday  

Microsoft Academic Search

Washington is not among the representative white men in Du Bois’s canon. Du Bois neither uses him as a satiric stand-in for Anglo-Saxon civilization, as he does Jefferson Davis, nor does he consider Washington an imperfect great man of stature as Abraham Lincoln. And since Washington is not a living president, there are no “open letters” to him of the

Roumiana Velikova

2006-01-01

390

The new pyramid: laying the groundwork with motivational power.  

PubMed

To successfully implement a comprehensive, progressive management system, a manager must incorporate daily administrative or executive principles and duties with an array of motivational tactics. Various motivational strategies have been discussed since the generation of industrial psychological research, which is generally conceded to have had its genesis with Abraham Maslow. Maslow's simple premise regarding man's needs for self-esteem, security and affiliation is at the root of many theories and practicums in vogue today. PMID:10111474

Lombardi, D

1991-06-01

391

Mosque Architecture Past and Present  

Microsoft Academic Search

The mosque is a symbol of Islam and the most important building type in the Islamic world, which today encompasses 40 countries\\u000a and a fifth of the world’s population. Of all the Abrahamic religions, it is Islam that is currently expanding most rapidly.\\u000a So what should a building look like whose name when translated means a “place of prostration”? The

Negar Hakim

392

What It? How Apportionment Methods Choose Our Presidents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|What if Stephen Douglas instead of Abraham Lincoln had won the U.S. presidential election of 1860? What if John F. Kennedy had not carried some of the eight states he won by 2 percentage points or fewer in 1960? What if six hundred more people in Florida had voted for Al Gore in 2000? And what if, in that same year, the U.S. House of…

Caulfield, Michael J.

2012-01-01

393

Cooperative adsorption of network forming fluids onto crystalline surfaces: Structure and connectivity of the interface  

Microsoft Academic Search

Density profiles and first layer adsorption isotherms of a network forming fluid near a crystalline surface are investigated using the Percus–Yevick approximation for the associative Henderson–Abraham–Barker (HAB) equation. The fluid molecule is represented as a hard sphere with four independent attractive sites. The surface is described as a hard wall with a lattice of adsorbing sites. It is shown that

Eduard Vakarin; Yurij Duda; Myroslav Holovko

1997-01-01

394

Rediscovering the Later Version of Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs: Self-Transcendence and Opportunities for Theory, Research, and Unification  

Microsoft Academic Search

The conventional description of Abraham Maslow's (1943, 1954) hierarchy of needs is inaccurate as a description of Maslow's later thought. Maslow (1969a) amended his model, placing self-transcendence as a motivational step beyond self-actualization. Objections to this reinterpretation are considered. Possible reasons for the persistence of the conventional account are described. Recognizing self-transcendence as part of Maslow's hierarchy has important consequences

Mark E. Koltko-Rivera

2006-01-01

395

Partition Coefficients and Solubilities of Compounds in the Water–Ethanol Solvent System  

Microsoft Academic Search

A new method for the prediction of solubility in the water–ethanol system has been devised. The method is based on the construction\\u000a of equations for the prediction of partition coefficients from water to water–ethanol mixtures, based on the Abraham descriptors\\u000a for compounds. Once partition coefficients have been predicted for a particular compound, only an experimental value for the\\u000a solubility in

Michael H. Abraham; William E. Acree Jr

2011-01-01

396

Comment on ``Casimir force acting on magnetodielectric bodies embedded in media''  

Microsoft Academic Search

In a recent paper [Raabe and Welsch, Phys. Rev. A 71, 013814 (2005)] an electromagnetic energy-momentum tensor is suggested as an alternative to the Abraham-Minkowski tensor and is applied to calculations of Casimir forces in planar geometries. We argue that the universality of the suggested tensor is doubtful; application of the Raabe-Welsch theory to a simple example in classical electrodynamics

Iver Brevik; Simen A. Ellingsen

2009-01-01

397

Colloquium: Momentum of an electromagnetic wave in dielectric media  

Microsoft Academic Search

Almost a hundred years ago, two different expressions were proposed for the\\u000aenergy--momentum tensor of an electromagnetic wave in a dielectric. Minkowski's\\u000atensor predicted an increase in the linear momentum of the wave on entering a\\u000adielectric medium, whereas Abraham's tensor predicted its decrease. Theoretical\\u000aarguments were advanced in favour of both sides, and experiments proved\\u000aincapable of distinguishing between

Robert N. C. Pfeifer; Timo A. Nieminen; Norman R. Heckenberg; Halina Rubinsztein-Dunlop

2007-01-01

398

Electromagnetic energy and momentum in moving media  

Microsoft Academic Search

The problem of the electromagnetic energy-momentum tensor is among the oldest\\u000aand the most controversial in macroscopic electrodynamics. In the center of the\\u000aissue is a dispute about the Minkowski and the Abraham tensors for moving\\u000amedia. An overview of the current situation is presented. After putting the\\u000adiscussion into a general Lagrange-Noether framework, the Minkowski tensor is\\u000arecovered as

Yuri N. Obukhov

2008-01-01

399

Paradoxes of the quantum theory of the Vavilov-Cerenkov and Doppler effects  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Minkowski tensor gives gM = nu\\/c (I) for the momentum density g of a plane-wave electromagnetic field in a stationary medium, whereas the Abraham tensor gives gA = u\\/nc (II), where u is the energy density and n the refractive index. Expression (I) cannot be reconciled with J = ?? (III), where ? is the mass of the wave

D V Skobeltsyn

1977-01-01

400

Mechanical forces of electromagnetic origin  

Microsoft Academic Search

EXPERIMENTS have been reported which verified that at low frequencies a time-varying polarisation P in a dielectric, if taking place in a magnetic field H, results in a mechanical force of density P×mu0H. This force is not predicted by the Minkowski energy momentum tensor, but the Abraham form of that tensor gives a force density in an homogeneous isotropic body

G. B. Walker

1976-01-01

401

Constraining validity of the Minkowski energy-momentum tensor  

Microsoft Academic Search

There exist two popular energy-momentum tensors for an electromagnetic wave\\u000ain a dielectric medium. The Abraham expression is robust to experimental\\u000averification but more mathematically demanding, while the Minkowski expression\\u000ais the foundation of a number of simplifications commonly found within the\\u000aliterature, including the relative refractive index transformation often used\\u000ain modelling optical tweezers. These simplifications are based on

Robert N. C. Pfeifer; Timo A. Nieminen; Norman R. Heckenberg; Halina Rubinsztein-Dunlop

2009-01-01

402

REVIEWS OF TOPICAL PROBLEMS: Paradoxes of the quantum theory of the Vavilov-Cerenkov and Doppler effects  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Minkowski tensor gives gM = nu\\/c (I) for the momentum density g of a plane-wave electromagnetic field in a stationary medium, whereas the Abraham tensor gives gA = u\\/nc (II), where u is the energy density and n the refractive index. Expression (I) cannot be reconciled with J = munu (III), where mu is the mass of the wave

D. V. Skobel'tsyn

1977-01-01

403

New books  

Microsoft Academic Search

Good American Speech. By Margaret Prendergast Mclean. New York: E. P. Dutton and Company, 1928.The Psychology of Language. By W. B. Pillsbury and C. L. Meader. New York: D. Appleton and Company, 1928; pp. 306: $3.Abraham Lincoln: 1809?1858. By Albert J. Beveridge. Boston and New York: Houghton Mifflin Company, 1928: 2 volumes, pp. 1348.The Public Mind: its disorders; its exploitation.

G. W. Gray; Lionel Crocker; Marvin G. Bauer; V. E. Simrell; Franklin Folsom; Everett Hunt; Charles A. Marsh; Hoyt H. Hudson; H. L. Ewbank; Rupert L. Cortrigjt; Raymond F. Howes; J. A. Winans

1929-01-01

404

Thermodynamic Properties of Liquid Helium Three. Vapor Pressures below 1°K  

Microsoft Academic Search

Vapor pressures of liquid He3 have been measured between 0.45° and 1.0°K. Temperatures were measured by the paramagnetic susceptibility of either ferric ammonium or chrome methylamine alum. The salts were calibrated above 1°K against He3 vapor pressures using the data of Abraham, Osborne, and Weinstock and the He4 temperature scales of Clement (55E) and of van Dijk and Durieux (L55).

Stephen G. Sydoriak; Thomas R. Roberts

1957-01-01

405

Hurricane Canadian Style: Extratropical Transition  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This Webcast is based on a presentation delivered by Jim Abraham of MSC at the Winter Weather Course in February 2001. The presentation discusses how, under the right synoptic conditions, hurricanes and tropical storms undergo a transition process to extratropical cyclones as they move into northern latitudes. During the transition process these "hybrid" systems can bring damaging weather conditions to Eastern Canada and the Northeastern States. It uses several case examples to demonstrate the process.

Spangler, Tim

2002-01-01

406

Representing the Divine: Feminism and Religious Anthropology  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article examines some of the problems androcentric religious anthropologies raise for Jewish, Christian and Muslim women-particularly, with respect to their demand to occupy leadership roles within their respective faith-communities-while also considering the failure of conservative thinkers adequately to respond to these problems. Focusing on the connection between religious anthropologies and the conception of God within the Abrahamic faiths reveals,

Victoria S. Harrison

2007-01-01

407

CELL BIOLOGY: Caveolae--Not Just Craters in the Cellular Landscape  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Caveolae are small invaginations in the plasma membrane of mammalian cells that seem to be important for signal transduction and uptake of macromolecules. According to Shin and Abraham in their Perspective, recent work reveals that these cellular craters have been commandeered by pathogens and bacterial toxins, enabling them to gain entry to host cells while avoiding the perils of classic endocytosis and the lysosomal degradation pathway.

Jeoung-Sook Shin (Duke University Medical Center;Departments of Pathology and Microbiology); Soman N. Abraham (Duke University Medical Center;Departments of Pathology and Microbiology)

2001-08-24

408

Some properties of the exit measure for super Brownian motion  

Microsoft Academic Search

.  ?We consider the exit measure of super Brownian motion with a stable branching mechanism of a smooth domain D of ?\\u000a d\\u000a . We derive lower bounds for the hitting probability of small balls for the exit measure and upper bounds in the critical\\u000a dimension. This completes results given by Sheu [22] and generalizes the results of Abraham and Le

Romain Abraham; Jean-François Delmas

2002-01-01

409

Maslow’s Hierarchy of Human Needs and the Adoption of Health-Related Technologies for Older Adults  

Microsoft Academic Search

Technologies are being developed and promoted with the aim of improving the health and quality of life of older adults, but\\u000a often without analyzing or planning around the human needs of users. Abraham Maslow’s model of the hierarchy of needs proposes\\u000a that people seek to satisfy progressively higher human needs, starting with physical needs like food and shelter, and advancing

Stephen Thielke; Mark Harniss; Hilaire Thompson; Shwetak Patel; George Demiris; Kurt Johnson

410

The Nine Box Maze Test: A measure of spatial memory development in children  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigates the development of visuo-spatial memory in school-aged children, as measured by the Nine Box Maze Test Child Version (NBMT-CV). This task, originally developed for adults by Abrahams, Pickering, Polkey, and Morris (1997), utilises an allocentric framework to assess the complexities of spatial memory. Sixty children participated in this study (aged 5–12 years), which also involved administration of

Linda M Pentland; Vicki A Anderson; Sherelle Dye; Stephen J Wood

2003-01-01

411

Revision of the nudibranch gastropod genus Tyrinna Bergh, 1898 (Doridoidea: Chromodorididae)  

Microsoft Academic Search

The rediscovered holotype of Doris delicata Abraham, 1877 from Chile is shown to belongtothegenus Tyrinna Bergh,1898.ThetypespecimensoftheChilean congeners T. nobilis Bergh, 1898, and T. pusae Marcus, 1959, as well as of Chromodoris juvenca Bergh, 1898 are re-examined and are here considered to be synonyms of T. delicata. Following the new code of nomenclature, retention of the commonly used name T. nobilis

SANDRA V. MILLEN

2001-01-01

412

The Dignity of Difference: How to Avoid a Clash of Civilizations  

Microsoft Academic Search

Rabbi Jonathan Sacks wrote his book, The Dignity of Difference, as a response to the tragic events of 9\\/11. He seeks to find—especially within the three Abrahamic monotheisms—Judaism, Christianity, and Islam—a road to tolerance, a road to coexistence, or better still, a respect for difference.\\u000aOnly religion is strong enough to bring peace between religions, and if religion is part

Jonathan Sacks

2009-01-01

413

A house divided cannot stand  

Microsoft Academic Search

When it comes to the relationships between electric utilities and public service commissions, utilities would do well to remember the words of Abraham Lincoln -- [open quotes]A house divided against itself cannot stand.[close quotes] For just as distrust, dissension, and division threatened the future of the United States during the Civil War, they threaten the future of utilities today.In an

1994-01-01

414

Biopolitical science.  

PubMed

This article develops a theoretical framework for biopolitical science as a science of political animals. This science moves through three levels of deep political history: the universal political history of the species, the cultural political history of the group, and the individual political history of animals in the group. To illustrate the particular application of biopolitical science, this essay shows how this science would help us to understand Abraham Lincoln's Emancipation Proclamation of January 1, 1863. PMID:20812796

Arnhart, Larry

2010-03-01

415

Aristotle?s Ethics and Lincoln?s Life: The Tragedy, Liberation and Irony of Practical Wisdom  

Microsoft Academic Search

Aristotle?s method for identifying the content of the human good relies heavily on positing an ideal man who practices human excellence. This paper uses Abraham Lincoln as a foil for interpreting, extending and critiquing Aristotle?s thought. A review of Lincoln?s statesmanship on the slavery question?and especially his decision to issue the Emancipation Proclamation?illustrates several critical aspects of prudence which are

Marc Sable

416

Attendee Discussion: Changes in Medium and Small Law Firms (Including Solo Practices), and the Issues These Changes Raise  

Microsoft Academic Search

William Hornsby: Lawyering for Personal Legal Services - a Work in Progress\\u000aSynopsis\\u000aFrom the mid-1800s to the mid-1900s, law firm structures did not change substantially. The practice of Abraham Lincoln did not look much different than that portrayed by Perry Mason on television in the 1960s. Over the past 50 years, however, a series of dynamics have led to

Gillian Hadfield; Jeanne Charn; William Hornsby; Coe III Ward B; William L. Reynolds

2010-01-01

417

Pope Benedict XVI Confronts Religious Relativism  

Microsoft Academic Search

Pope Benedict XVI’s inflammatory speech at Regensburg highlights a subtle difference between Benedict and John Paul II. John\\u000a Paul called Muslims and Jews “sons of Abraham,” and he organized high-profile interfaith events. Benedict is more skeptical\\u000a of interreligious dialog and more confrontational toward Islam than was his predecessor. This shift in tone toward Islam stems\\u000a from changed historical circumstances. Islam

Robert Carle

2008-01-01

418

Exact solution to the Landau-Lifshitz equation in a constant electromagnetic field  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We are interested in the motion of a classical charge acted upon an external constant electromagnetic field where the back reaction of the particle's own field is taken into account. The Landau-Lifshitz approximation to the Lorentz-Abraham-Dirac equation is solved exactly and in closed form. It is shown that the ultrarelativistic limit of the Landau-Lifshitz equation for a radiating charge is the equation for eigenvalues and eigenvectors of the external electromagnetic field tensor.

Yaremko, Yurij

2013-09-01

419

The mystery of John Wilkes Booth's dentist.  

PubMed

For many years there has been much speculation over the identity of the dentist of President Abraham Lincoln's assassin, John Wilkes Booth. Some have considered Dr. William Merrill (1833-1918), a rather prominent Washington, D.C. dentist, as the man who restored two of Booth's teeth with gold a few days before the assassination. Who was the mysterious Dr. Merrill and what evidence do we have that he ever treated Booth? PMID:10726569

Hyson, J M; Kauffman, M W

1999-11-01

420

The Believer.  

PubMed

The author discusses the film The Believer (2001) as illustrative of ambivalence and conflict regarding aggression in the father-son relationship. The biblical story of Abraham and Isaac, a preoccupation of the film's protagonist, is explored in terms of its implications in considering oedipal rivalry themes. Filial conflict regarding the wish to surrender to the father is explored, as are conflicts regarding masculine and feminine identifications. The theme of Jewish self-hatred is discussed. PMID:17094375

Lang, Frances

2006-10-01

421

Testing the equivalence between the canonical and Minkowski momentum of light with ultracold atoms  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We design an experimental system to test the equivalence between the canonical and Minkowski momentum of light, which can provide a judgment on the recent resolution of the century-old Abraham-Minkowski controversy by S. M. Barnett [Phys. Rev. Lett.PRLTAO0031-900710.1103/PhysRevLett.104.070401 104, 070401 (2010)]. By measuring the recoil momentum of ultracold rubidium atoms in a rubidium Bose-Einstein condensate after the electromagnetically induced absorption of a monochromatic laser pulse, the momentum of the pulse in the ultracold atoms can be obtained. If the equivalence is valid, the measured results will coincide with the theoretical values of the canonical momentum of the pulse. Otherwise, if the equivalence is invalid, the measured results will coincide with the theoretical values of the Minkowski momentum, which are significantly different from that of the canonical momentum. Our scheme is amethod to test the equivalence between the canonical and Minkowski momentum of light. It can also be improved to distinguish between the Minkowski and Abraham momenta to contribute to the study of the Abraham-Minkowski controversy in the future.

Zhang, Wen-Zhuo; Zhang, Peng; Wang, Ru-Quan; Liu, Wu-Ming

2012-05-01

422

Whence the Minkowski momentum?  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Electromagnetic waves carry the Abraham momentum, whose density is given by pEM = S(r,t)/c2. Here S(r, t) = E(r, t)×H(r, t) is the Poynting vector at point r in space and instant t in time, E and H are the local electromagnetic fields, and c is the speed of light in vacuum. The above statement is true irrespective of whether the waves reside in vacuum or within a ponderable medium, which medium may or may not be homogeneous, isotropic, transparent, linear, magnetic, etc. When a light pulse enters an absorbing medium, the force experienced by the medium is only partly due to the absorbed Abraham momentum. This absorbed momentum, of course, is manifested as Lorentz force (while the pulse is being extinguished within the absorber), but not all the Lorentz force experienced by the medium is attributable to the absorbed Abraham momentum. We consider an absorptive/ reflective medium having the complex refractive index n2+i ?2, submerged in a transparent dielectric of refractive index n1, through which light must travel to reach the absorber/reflector. Depending on the impedance-mismatch between the two media, which mismatch is dependent on n1, n2, ?2, either more or less light will be coupled into the absorber/reflector. The dependence of this impedance-mismatch on n1 is entirely responsible for the appearance of the Minkowski momentum in certain radiation pressure experiments that involve submerged objects.

Mansuripur, Masud; Zakharian, Armis R.

2009-08-01

423

Whence the Minkowski momentum?  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Electromagnetic waves carry the Abraham momentum, whose density is given by pEM = S(r,t) / c2. Here S(r,t) = E(r,t) × H(r,t) is the Poynting vector at point r in space and instant t in time, E and H are the local electromagnetic fields, and c is the speed of light in vacuum. The above statement is true irrespective of whether the waves reside in vacuum or within a ponderable medium, which medium may or may not be homogeneous, isotropic, transparent, linear, magnetic, etc. When a light pulse enters an absorbing medium, the force experienced by the medium is only partly due to the absorbed Abraham momentum. This absorbed momentum, of course, is manifested as Lorentz force (while the pulse is being extinguished within the absorber), but not all the Lorentz force experienced by the medium is attributable to the absorbed Abraham momentum. We consider an absorptive/reflective medium having the complex refractive index n2 + i?2, submerged in a transparent dielectric of refractive index n1, through which light must travel to reach the absorber/reflector. Depending on the impedance-mismatch between the two media, which mismatch is dependent on n1, n2, ?2, either more or less light will be coupled into the absorber/reflector. The dependence of this impedance-mismatch on n1 is entirely responsible for the appearance of the Minkowski momentum in certain radiation pressure experiments that involve submerged objects.

Mansuripur, Masud; Zakharian, Armis R.

2010-10-01

424

Geomagnetic field observations at a new Antarctic site, within the AIMNet project  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

During the 2007-2008 antarctic campaign, the Italian PNRA installed a Low Power Magnetometer within the framework of the AIMNet (Antarctic International Magnetometer Network) project, proposed and coordinated by BAS. The magnetometer is situated at Talos Dome, around 300 km geographically North-West from Mario Zucchelli Station (MZS), and approximately at the same geomagnetic latitude as MZS. In this work we present a preliminary analysis of the geomagnetic field 1-min data, and a comparison with simultaneous data from different Antarctic stations.

Lepidi, Stefania; Cafarella, Lili; Santarelli, Lucia; Pietrolungo, Manuela; Urbini, Stefano; Piancatelli, Andrea; Biasini, Fulvio; di Persio, Manuele; Rose, Mike

2010-05-01

425

The International Conferences on Alpine Meteorology: Characteristics and trends from a 57-year-series of scientific communication  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

General information is assembled about origin, conduct and written documentation concerning the full series of 29 biennial International Conferences on Alpine Meteorology (ICAM) between 1950 and 2007. The slowly evolving format of interactive scientific communication is apparent since the series was started by Mario Bossolasco, a visionary geophysical scientist. A comparison with the related mountain meteorology conference series organized by the American Meteorological Society helps to put the European achievement in perspective. Such a compact bookkeeping activity is considered essential for valuing properly the considerable impact of a regular, focussed, single-session conference series like ICAM for issues like international cooperation, practical education of students, and scientific advancement in general.

Volkert, H.

2009-03-01

426

[Logical pragmatism and radical probabilism in 20(th) century Italian philosophy.  

PubMed

This article sketches the principal characteristics of a philosophical trend which has met with some resistance despite the recognized importance of its representatives. This text illustrates the ideas at the foundation of the logical and methodological pragmatism of Giovanni Vailati and Mario Calderoni. These are ideas which should have surfaced in the international debate about the principle of verification and the concept of analyticity. In addition, the links between these ideas and the development of the subjective conception of probability in the work of Bruno de Finetti are explored. PMID:21567306

Parrini, Paolo

2011-05-01

427

Toys in space, 2  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this educational video from the 'Liftoff to Learning' series, astronauts from the STS-54 Mission (Mario Runco, John Casper, Don McMonagle, Susan Helms, and Greg Harbaugh) explain how microgravity and weightlessness in space affects motion by using both mechanical and nonmechanical toys (gravitrons, slinkys, dart boards, magnetic marbles, and others). The gravitational effects on rotation, force, acceleration, magnetism, magnetic fields, center of axis, and velocity are actively demonstrated using these toys through experiments onboard the STS-54 Mission flight as a part of their spaceborne experiment payload.

Herbert, Dexter

1993-06-01

428

Plant maintenance and advanced reactors, 2006  

SciTech Connect

The focus of the September-October issue is on plant maintenance and advanced reactors. Major articles/reports in this issue include: Advanced plants to meet rising expectations, by John Cleveland, International Atomic Energy Agency, Vienna; A flexible and economic small reactor, by Mario D. Carelli and Bojan Petrovic, Westinghouse Electric Company; A simple and passively safe reactor, by Yury N. Kuznetsov, Research and Development Institute of Power Engineering (NIKIET), Russia; Gas-cooled reactors, by Jeffrey S. Merrifield, U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission; ISI project managment in the PRC, by Chen Chanbing, RINPO, China; and, Fort Calhoun refurbishment, by Sudesh Cambhir, Omaha Public Power District.

Agnihotri, Newal (ed.)

2006-09-15

429

Burning rubber  

SciTech Connect

Mario Andretti, look out You are about to be surpassed in the burning rubber category by a joint venture between Oxford Energy Company and General Electric. The two companies are building the first whole tire-to-energy facility in the US in Modesto, California. This $41 million facility does not require tires to be shredded prior to incineration; it has the capacity to burn 700 tires per minute. The electricity generated will be provided to a utility company. Oxford says there are two billion waste tires on the ground and this number is increasing by 220 million a year. Of that amount, only 18 million a year are recycled.

Not Available

1987-09-01

430

Politische Theorie und Ideengeschichte, Politisches System der Bundesrepublik, Politische Soziologie, Vergleichende Politikforschung, Europäische Union, Internationale Politik, Historische Politikforschung  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a \\u000a Inhaltsübersicht\\u000a   (RezensentInnen in Klammern)\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Literaturbericht\\u000a   \\u000a Jörg Faust \\/ Stefan Leiderer: Zur Effektivität und politischen Ökonomie der Entwicklungszusammenarbeit\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Politische Theorie und Ideengeschichte\\u000a   \\u000a Bluhm, Harald, und Jürgen Gebhardt: Politische Ideengeschichte im 20. Jahrhundert. Konzepte und Kritik (Philipp Hölzing) • Dryzek, John S., Bonnie Honig und Anne Phillips (eds.): The Oxford Handbook of Political Theory (Johannes Schmidt) • Keßler, Mario: Ossip

Jörg Faust; Stefan Leiderer; Philipp Hölzing; Johannes Schmidt; Wilhelm Bleek; Florian Hartleb; Michael Becker; Carsten Quesel; Felix Heidenreich; André Brodocz; Hubert Woltering; Georg Simonis; Marius R. Busemeyer; Andreas Wimmel; Alexander Siedschlag; Ralf J. Leiteritz; Helga Haftendorn; Eva Hartmann; Siegfried Weichlein; Rainer Schmidt

2008-01-01

431

Ponzo Illusion Experiment  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is the entry page for the Ponzo Illusion. The Ponzo illusion, named after Italian artist and psychologist Mario Ponzo (1882-1960), is one of a set of geometrical illusions that produce misjudgment of relative line length. This misjudgment reflects our tendency to perceive two-dimensional geometric illustrations in certain contexts as if they were three-dimensional objects in our environment. Participants adjust the length of one of the horizontal lines until they perceive the two lines as being of equal length.

432

Strategies for Adopting Interactive Engagement Methods  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Editor's note: It's very likely that interactive teaching methods may not be something you have seen modeled in your educational experiences thus far. Perhaps as you have read about effective teaching strategies, you found evidence that thoughtful interactions are essential and effective in moving students from being passive learners to actively engaged constructors of their own knowledge. To provide you with some ideas on establishing interactive engagement opportunities in your classroom, Mario Belloni and Anne Cox share suggestions from their years of experience designing quality instructional settings to foster these interactions.

Belloni, Mario; Cox, Anne J.

2007-09-01

433

[Parasitology and entomology in the 29th century in Latin American narrative].  

PubMed

In the present review of twelve pieces produced by distinguished 20th century Latin American writers--Jorge Luis Borges from Argentina, Jorge Amado and João Ubaldo Ribeiro from Brazil, José Donoso from Chile, Gabriel García Márquez from Colombia, Alejo Carpentier from Cuba, Miguel Angel Asturias from Guatemala, Octavio Paz from Mexico, Mario Vargas Llosa from Perú, Horacio Quiroga and Mario Benedetti from Uruguay and Arturo Uslar-Pietri from Venezuela--paragraphs or parts of paragraphs in which parasitological or entomological situations of the most varied hues are referred to or described, have been extracted in a selective form. Sometimes in these descriptions appear, local or regional expressions, without ignoring colorful folklore representations. For a easier interpretation these or part of these paragraph sentences have been arranged by thematic similarities. In a varied and kaleidoscopic vision, it will be possible to find protozoiasis (malaria, Chagas disease, leishmaniasis, amebiasis), helminthiases (ascariasis, hydatidosis, trichinosis, schistosomiasis, cysticercosis, onchocerciasis), parasitoses produced by arthropods (pediculosis, scabies, tungiasis, myiasis), passing progressively to hemaphagous arthropods (mosquitoes, gnats, horse flies, bedbugs, ticks), venomous arthropods (Latrodectus spiders, scorpions, wasps, bees), mechanical vectors (flies and cockroaches), culminating with a conjunction of bucolic arthropods (butterflies, crickets, grasshoppers cicadas, ants, centipedes, beetles, glow worms, dragonflies). PMID:11338977

Schenone, H

434

J. Robert Oppenheimer - A Life  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The late Abraham Pais wrote the definitive biography of Albert Einstein, "Subtle is the Lord," which won an American Book Award. As a distinguished physicist and Einstein's colleague, Pais combined a sophisticated understanding of physics with first-hand knowledge of this notoriously private individual, offering rare insights into both. It is his unique double perspective that makes his work so valuable. Now Abraham Pais offers an illuminating portrait of another eminent colleague, J. Robert Oppenheimer, one of the most charismatic and enigmatic figures of modern physics. Pais introduces us to a precocious youth who sped through Harvard in three years, made signal contributions to quantum mechanics while in his twenties, and was instrumental in the growth of American physics in the decade before the Second World War, almost single-handedly putting American physics on the map. Pais paints a revealing portrait of Oppenheimer's life in Los Alamos, where in twenty remarkable, feverish months, under his inspired leadership, the first atomic bomb was designed and built, a success that made Oppenheimer America's most famous scientist. Pais, who was his next-door neighbor for many years, describes Oppenheimer's long tenure as Director of the Institute of Advanced Study at Princeton, but also shows how Oppenheimer's intensity and arrogance won him powerful enemies, who would ultimately make him one of the principal victims of the Red Scare of the 1950s. Told with compassion and deep insight, J. Robert Oppenheimer is the most comprehensive biography of the great physicist available. It is Abraham Pais's final work, completed after his death by Robert P. Crease, an acclaimed historian of science in his own right.

Pais, Abraham; Crease, Robert P.

2006-04-01

435

Subsystem approach to the electrodynamics in dielectric fluids  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A century has now passed since the origins of the Abraham-Minkowski controversy pertaining to the correct form of optical momentum in media. Since, the debate has come to reference the general debate over optical momentum, including a number of competing formulations. The pervasive modern view is that the Abraham momentum represents the optical momentum contained within the fields and the Minkowski momentum includes a material component which is coupled with the fields. A recently proposed resolution to the debate identified Abraham's kinetic momentum as responsible for the overall center-of-mass translations of a medium and Minkowski's canonical momentum as responsible for local translations of a medium within or with respect to another medium. Still, current literature reveals significant confusion as to how systems of light and matter should be modeled as to deduce the equations of motion when multiple material types are present. For example, the state-of-the-art model for optical dynamics of submerged particles assumes over damped systems such that the mass of the particles is ignored in the equations of motion. In this paper, we apply the subsystem approach to deduce the electrodynamics of such systems. We show that regardless of which electromagnetic momentum continuity law is applied, the equations of motion can be correctly deduced as long as the continuity law is consistent with Maxwells equations and the overall system is closed such that momentum is conserved. Because the closed system includes the material response, the model can be very complex. However, we demonstrate with simple, well-known examples.

Kemp, Brandon A.

2012-10-01

436

Variability of surface ocean radiocarbon and stable isotopes in the southwestern Pacific  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We present high-precision radiocarbon (?14C) results and stable isotope (?18O and ?13C) records for a coral from Heron Island (23°S, 152°E) and new stable isotope (?18O and ?13C) records for annual coral bands from Abraham Reef (22°S, 153°E) in the southern Great Barrier Reef studied earlier [Druffel and Griffin, 1993]. These tracers provide unique information on the regional water mass history, and together these data allow us to constrain the variability of circulation in the upper Pacific over the past four centuries. First, we observe decreases in ?18O of coral from Abraham Reef and Heron Island, indicating an increase in sea surface temperature and/or a decrease in surface salinity since 1850. Second, the small Suess effect value (?14C decrease from 1880 to 1955, due mostly to fossil fuel CO2) observed previously at Abraham Reef[Druffel and Griffin, 1993] is confirmed in the measurements reported here from the Heron Island coral. This value is low compared to those observed in other areas of the ocean [Druffel, 1997; Druffel and Linick, 1978; Nozaki et al., 1978] between 1880 and 1955. Third, we report alterations in the correlation between El Niño events and the occurrence of low ?14C, which is indicative of long-term change(s) in circulation in the SW Pacific. The ?14C shifts reported here are not large, but even small temporal changes in prebomb ?14C suggest that important changes in the large-scale state of the ocean have occurred, such as a temporal change in circulation.

Druffel, Ellen R. M.; Griffin, Sheila

1999-10-01

437

Radiation reaction in ultrarelativistic laser-spinning electron interactions  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The intensity of ultra-short pulse lasers has reached 1022 W/cm2 owing to the advancements in laser technology. The large radiation from the electron behaves something like resistance in this ultrarelativistic laser-electron interaction. This effect is called the "radiation reaction". The equation of motion with the radiation reaction is known as the Lorentz-Abraham-Dirac equation; however, this equation does not incorporate the spin property. In laser plasmas, classical physics descriptions are preferred for simulations. This paper discusses how to describe the radiation reaction of a spinning relativistic electron in classical dynamics.

Seto, Keita; Nagatomo, Hideo; Koga, James; Mima, Kunioki

2013-05-01

438

Finite Size Corrections to the Radiation Reaction Force in Classical Electrodynamics  

SciTech Connect

We introduce an effective field theory approach that describes the motion of finite size objects under the influence of electromagnetic fields. We prove that leading order effects due to the finite radius R of a spherically symmetric charge is order R{sup 2} rather than order R in any physical model, as widely claimed in the literature. This scaling arises as a consequence of Poincare and gauge symmetries, which can be shown to exclude linear corrections. We use the formalism to calculate the leading order finite size correction to the Abraham-Lorentz-Dirac force.

Galley, Chad R. [Maryland Center for Fundamental Physics, Department of Physics, University of Maryland, College Park, Maryland 20742 (United States); Center for Scientific Computation and Mathematical Modeling, University of Maryland, College Park, Maryland 20742 (United States); Leibovich, Adam K. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15260 (United States); Rothstein, Ira Z. [Department of Physics, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15213 (United States)

2010-08-27

439

Partition coefficients of organic compounds in new imidazolium based ionic liquids using inverse gas chromatography.  

PubMed

Partition coefficients of organic compounds in four ionic liquids: 1-ethanol-3-methylimidazolium tetrafluoroborate, 1-ethanol-3-methylimidazolium hexafluorophosphate, 1,3-dimethylimidazolium dimethylphosphate and 1-ethyl-3-methylimidazolium diethylphosphate were measured using inverse gas chromatography from 303.3 to 332.55K. The influence of gas-liquid and gas-solid interfacial adsorption of different solutes on ionic liquids was also studied. Most of the polar solutes were retained largely by partition while light hydrocarbons were retained predominantly by interfacial adsorption on the ionic liquids studied in this work. The solvation characteristics of the ionic liquids were evaluated using the Abraham solvation parameter model. PMID:19414174

Revelli, Anne-Laure; Mutelet, Fabrice; Jaubert, Jean-Noël

2009-04-09

440

Covariant electrodynamics of a dyon in a medium  

SciTech Connect

A covariant formulation of electrodynamics of a dyon in a uniform, isotropic, and transparent medium is discussed. Using generalized Maxwell's equations admitting magnetic charge, the 4-potentials of a dyon of electric charge e and magnetic charge m and the corresponding field tensor are calculated. This field tensor is then used to calculate the various stress tensors of Minkowski, Abraham, and Marx. And it is found that the dyon behaves like an electrically charged particle of ''effective'' charge e*, where e* = e(1+(e/m)(m/e)/sup 2/)/sup 1/2/, where e and m are the electric and magnetic permeabilities of the medium.

Cohn, J.; Hong, N.

1981-03-01

441

Electromagnetic stress tensor in ponderable media.  

PubMed

We derive an expression for the Maxwell stress tensor in a magnetic dielectric medium specified by its permittivity epsilon and permeability micro. The derivation proceeds from the generalized form of the Lorentz law, which specifies the force exerted by the electromagnetic E and H fields on the polarization P and magnetization M of a ponderable medium. Our stress tensor differs from the well-known tensors of Abraham and Minkowski, which have been at the center of a century-old controversy surrounding the momentum of the electromagnetic field in transparent materials. PMID:18542621

Mansuripur, Masud

2008-04-14

442

National Hydrogen Energy Roadmap: A National Hydrogen Vision (CD-ROM)  

SciTech Connect

''The National Hydrogen Energy Roadmap'' was unveiled by the Secretary of Energy, Spencer Abraham, November 12, 2002. The Roadmap provides a blueprint for the coordinated, long-term, public and private efforts required for hydrogen energy development. This CD-ROM also includes''A National Vision of America's Transition to a Hydrogen Economy-to 2030 and Beyond'', which was published in February 2002 as a result of the Hydrogen Vision Meeting. This document summarizes the potential role for hydrogen systems in America's energy future, outlining the common vision of the ''hydrogen economy.''

Not Available

2002-12-01

443

Chloroform-induced insanity defence confounds lawyer Lincoln.  

PubMed

During an 1857 trial, the defence claimed that the accused should be absolved of wilful murder because an overdose of chloroform during surgery induced insanity. In a rare appearance as a prosecutor, Abraham Lincoln tried the case for the State of Illinois. Expert medical witnesses testified about the side effects of chloroform and chloroform-induced insanity. Significantly, Lincoln was not knowledgeable about medical jurisprudence and overlooked potential sources of evidence and expert witnesses. Defence lawyers presented an impressive array of physicians to testify about insanity, about chloroform and about the results of an overdosage during anaesthesia. Considering the state of scientific knowledge at the time, the trial was notable. PMID:11619819

Spiegel, A D; Suskind, P B

1997-12-01

444

Small-angle scattering in a marginal Fermi liquid  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We study the magnetotransport properties of a model of small-angle scattering in a marginal Fermi liquid. Such a model has been proposed by Varma and Abrahams [Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 4652 (2001)] to account for the anomalous temperature dependence of in-plane magnetotransport properties of the high-Tc cuprates. We study the resistivity, Hall angle, and magnetoresistance using both analytical and numerical techniques. We find that small-angle scattering only generates a difference in temperature dependence between the inverse Hall angle and the resistivity near particle-hole symmetric Fermi surfaces where the conventional Hall term vanishes. The magnetoresistance always shows Kohler’s rule behavior.

Carter, E. C.; Schofield, A. J.

2002-12-01

445

Theatrum Orbis Terrarum  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site is an addition to an existing Library of Congress (LOC) American Memory Project (last reviewed in the April 30, 1999 Scout Report) collection. The new resource, Abraham Ortelius's Theatrum Orbis Terrarum (Theater of the World), was published in 1570 and "considered the first true atlas in the modern sense." Located in the special atlases presentation section on the General Map Collections page, the online Terrarum consists of 181 image pages. Users can view the atlas page-by-page or choose to view the maps only. A brief essay is also included.

446

A statistical comparison of the apparent importance of various prophets within early Islamic and Christian historical documents.  

PubMed

Counts were made for the number of times prophets were mentioned in both the Qur'an and in the New Testament. Within the New Testament, the name Jesus (Isa) is cited far more than any other notable figure. Within the Qur'an, Moses is cited most often, followed by Abraham and Noah. Statistical analysis indicates that Jesus is cited between 4th and 11th most often among the prophets of Islam, which seemed surprising to the author, given that Jesus is considered to be the ultimate prophet by many Muslims. PMID:14650674

Schumm, Walter R

2003-10-01

447

Adventures in cosmology  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

1. Introduction -- 2. Galaxy formation: from start to finish / Andrew Benson -- 3. The reionization of cosmic hydrogen by the first galaxies / Abraham Loeb -- 4. Clusters of galaxies / Elena Pierpaoli -- 5. Reionizing the universe with the first sources of light / Volker Bromm -- 6. Mapping the cosmic dawn / Steven Furlanetto -- 7. Neutrino masses from cosmology / Ofer Lahav and Shaun Thomas -- 8. Measuring the expansion rate of the universe / Laura Ferrarese -- 9. Particles as dark matter / Dan Hooper -- 10. Detection of WIMP dark matter / Sunil Golwala and Dan McKinsey -- 11. The accelerating universe / Dragan Huterer -- 12. Frontiers of dark energy / Eric V. Linder -- 13. The first supermassive black holes in the universe / Xiaohui Fan.

Goodstein, David

448

Science Sampler: Radio-wave inquiry with web-controlled receivers  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This article describes a web-enhanced investigation of radio waves suitable for upper middle school science students that correlates with the National Science Education Standards. In this engaging lesson, students are involved in science inquiry using internet-linked instruments to observe and study electromagnetic radiation, one of the fundamental forces of nature. It follows the learning cycle phases of exploring, inventing or introducing, and applying a concept (Abraham 1997). This investigation builds on previous work by incorporating the unique twist of having students use high-quality, web-controlled receivers (Wise 2006, 2007).

Wise, Kevin

2007-04-01

449

The radiative self-force and charged fluids  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We develop a new fluid model of a warm plasma that includes the radiative self-force on each plasma electron. Our approach is a natural generalization of established methods for generating fluid models without radiation reaction. The equilibrium of a magnetized plasma is analysed, and it is shown that the thermal motion is confined to the magnetic field lines. A dispersion relation is deduced for electric waves in a magnetized plasma, and it is shown to agree with our recently established relativistic kinetic theory derived from the Lorentz-Abraham-Dirac equation.

Burton, David A.; Carr, Anthony; Gratus, Jonathan; Noble, Adam

2013-05-01

450

[Animal regeneration experiments from 1686 to 1765. How to defend preexistence?].  

PubMed

This paper deals with the way in which the pre-existence of germs was defended in the face of experimental conclusions regarding animal regeneration in the period between the turn of the seventeenth century and the 1760's. From the experiments of Claude Perrault (1680), Antoine de Réaumur (1712), Abraham Trembley (1740-44) and Charles Bonnet (1740), it became clear that pre-existence delimited its objective so narrowly as to make it invulnerable to all possible experimental refutation. Moreover, we shall argue that this construction of the objective was linked with a renewed definition of the "community of Practitioners" built upon the notion of "scientific exclusion". PMID:11624753

Moscoso, J

1995-01-01

451

Covariant worldline numerics for charge motion with radiation reaction  

SciTech Connect

We develop a numerical formulation to calculate the classical motion of charges in strong electromagnetic fields, such as those occurring in high-intensity laser beams. By reformulating the dynamics in terms of SL(2,C) matrices representing the Lorentz group, our formulation maintains explicit covariance, in particular, the mass-shell condition. Considering an electromagnetic plane wave field where the analytic solution is known as a test case, we demonstrate the effectiveness of the method for solving both the Lorentz force and the Landau-Lifshitz equations. The latter, a second order reduction of the Lorentz-Abraham-Dirac equation, describes radiation reaction without the usual pathologies.

Harvey, Chris; Heinzl, Thomas; Iji, Nicola; Langfeld, Kurt [Department of Physics, Umeaa University, SE-901 87 Umeaa (Sweden); School of Computing and Mathematics, University of Plymouth, Plymouth PL4 8AA (United Kingdom)

2011-04-01

452

Dr. John Frederick May and the identification of John Wilkes Booth's body.  

PubMed

Shortly after President Abraham Lincoln's assassin was killed on April 26, 1865, a formal inquest was held to positively identify the body. Dr. John Frederick May, a leading surgeon in the District of Columbia, was summoned to examine the remains. Two years earlier, Dr. May had removed a fibroid tumor from the back of the assassin's neck and an identifiable large ugly scar resulted when the wound inadvertently opened and healed by granulation. Based upon the recognition of the scar made by his scalpel, Dr. May made a positive identification. PMID:9793835

Spiegel, A D

1998-10-01

453

Scaling Theory for Percolative Charge Transport in Disordered Molecular Semiconductors  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We present a scaling theory for charge transport in disordered molecular semiconductors that extends percolation theory by including bonds with conductances close to the percolating one in the random-resistor network representing charge hopping. A general and compact expression is given for the charge mobility for Miller-Abrahams and Marcus hopping on different lattices with Gaussian energy disorder, with parameters determined from numerically exact results. The charge-concentration dependence is universal. The model-specific temperature dependence can be used to distinguish between the hopping models.

Cottaar, J.; Koster, L. J. A.; Coehoorn, R.; Bobbert, P. A.

2011-09-01

454

Radiation reaction in strong field QED  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We derive radiation reaction from QED in a strong background field. We identify, in general, the diagrams and processes contributing to recoil effects in the average momentum of a scattered electron, using perturbation theory in the Furry picture: we work to lowest nontrivial order in ?. For the explicit example of scattering in a plane wave background, we compare QED with classical electrodynamics in the limit ??0, finding agreement with the Lorentz-Abraham-Dirac and Landau-Lifshitz equations, and with Larmor's formula. The first quantum corrections are also presented.

Ilderton, Anton; Torgrimsson, Greger

2013-10-01

455

The Civil War  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

With this site you will be able to find all the necessary information about the background of the Civil War. You will find out when it happened, why it happenend, and most importantly of all, what happened. Use the following resource to gain a good overall of the important dates, names, and events of the Civil War: A Nation Divided: The U.S. Civil War 1861-1865 One of the most important battles of the Civil War was the Battle of Gettysburg. President Abraham Lincoln gave one of the most famous speeches in American History after ...

Alex

2006-02-08

456

100 years of elementary particles [Beam Line, vol. 27, issue 1, Spring 1997  

SciTech Connect

This issue of Beam Line commemorates the 100th anniversary of the April 30, 1897 report of the discovery of the electron by J.J. Thomson and the ensuing discovery of other subatomic particles. In the first three articles, theorists Abraham Pais, Steven Weinberg, and Chris Quigg provide their perspectives on the discoveries of elementary particles as well as the implications and future directions resulting from these discoveries. In the following three articles, Michael Riordan, Wolfgang Panofsky, and Virginia Trimble apply our knowledge about elementary particles to high-energy research, electronics technology, and understanding the origin and evolution of our Universe.

Pais, Abraham; Weinberg, Steven; Quigg, Chris; Riordan, Michael; Panofsky, Wolfgang K.H.; Trimble, Virginia

1997-04-01

457

Video-game epilepsy: a European study.  

PubMed

With the introduction of Nintendo video-games on a large scale, reports of children having seizures while playing suggested a possible specific, provocative factor. Although 50% of the photosensitive patients are also sensitive to a 50-Hz television, nonphotosensitive patients with a history of video-game seizures were described as well. The question arises whether this is a mere coincidence, provoked by fatigue and stress, is related to the reaction to the television screen itself, or depends on the movement and color of the pictures of this specific game. A European study was performed in four countries and five sites. All patients were selected because of a history of television, video- or computer-game seizures, with a history of sun-light-, discotheque-, or black and white pattern-evoked seizures, or were already known to be sensitive to intermittent photic stimulation. A total of 387 patients were investigated; 220 (75%) were female and 214 (55%) of those were < 18 years of age. After a routine examination, intermittent photic, pattern, and television stimulation were performed in a standardized way. The patients were investigated with Super Mario World and a standard relatively nonprovocative TV program, both on a 50- and 100-Hz television. Regardless of the distance, Super Mario World proved to be more provocative than the standard program (Wilcoxon, p < 0.05). Eighty-five percent showed epileptiform discharges evoked by intermittent photic stimulation. Forty-five percent of patients were 50-Hz television sensitive and 26% were 100-Hz television sensitive. Pattern sensitivity was found in 28% of patients. The patients, referred because of a television, video- or computer-game seizure, were significantly more sensitive to pattern and to the 50-Hz television (chi square, p < 0.001). More patients are sensitive when playing Super Mario, compared with the standard program (Wilcoxon, p = 0.001) and more sensitive with playing versus viewing (p = 0.016). Of the patients who were referred because of seizures in front of the television, or evoked by a video- or computer game, 14% proved not to be photosensitive. Although no difference in age or use of medication was found, twice as many men were found in this nonphotosensitive group. PMID:10487177

Kasteleijn-Nolst Trenité, D G; da Silva, A M; Ricci, S; Binnie, C D; Rubboli, G; Tassinari, C A; Segers, J P

1999-01-01

458

Biorelevant pK(a) (37 °C) predicted from the 2D structure of the molecule and its pK(a) at 25 °C.  

PubMed

Values of the ionization constants at 37 °C, which are scarcely reported, are more meaningful for interpreting mechanisms of cellular transport by ionizable molecules and in mechanistic dissolution studies, which are often performed at the biorelevant temperature. An equation was developed where the pK(a) values of drug-like molecules determined at 25 °C can be simply converted to values at 37 °C, without additional measurement. The differences between the values, ?pK(a)=pK(a)³?-pK(a)²?, were linearly fitted to a function of pK(a)²? and the standard entropy of ionization, ?S°, where the latter term was approximated by the five Abraham linear free energy solvation descriptors using multiple linear regression. The Abraham descriptors (H-bond donor and acceptor strengths, dipolar solute-solvent interactions potential, the pi- and n-electrons dispersion force, and molar volume) were determined from the 2-dimensional structure of the molecules. A total of 143 mostly drug-like molecules (207 pK(a) values at 25 °C and at 37 °C) were chosen for the study. The pK(a) values of many were determined here for the first time. Included were 34 weak acids, 85 weak bases, and 24 amphoteric compounds (6 ordinary ampholytes, 18 zwitterions). PMID:21652160

Sun, Na; Avdeef, Alex

2011-05-17

459

Forward and reverse CIR shocks at 4-5 AU: Ulysses  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this article, we study fast shocks at CIR boundaries during an extended interval of 15 consecutive major high speed solar wind streams in 1992-1993. Ulysses was 4-5 AU from the sun. The Abraham-Schrauner shock normal method and the Rankine-Hugoniot relations were used to determine fast shock directions and speeds. Out of 33 potential CIR shocks, 14 were determined to be fast forward shocks (FSs) and 14 were fast reverse shocks (RSs). Of the remaining 5 events, 2 were forward waves and 3 were reverse waves. CIR edges at latitudes below ˜30o were, for the most part, bounded by fast magnetosonic shocks. The forward shocks were generally quasi-perpendicular (average ?nBo = 67o). The reverse shocks were more oblique (average ?nBo = 52o), but they extended to all angles. Both FSs and RSs had magnetosonic Mach numbers ranging from 1 to 5 or 6. The average Mach numbers were 2.4 and 2.6 for FSs and RSs, respectively. The shock Mach numbers were noted to generally decrease with increasing latitude. The non-shock events or waves were noted to occur preferentially at high (˜-30° to -35°) heliolatitudes where stream-stream interactions were presumably weaker. These results are consistent with expectations, indicating the general accuracy of the Abraham-Schrauner technique.

Echer, E.; Tsurutani, B. T.; Guarnieri, F. L.

2010-03-01

460

Very slow surface plasmons: Theory and practice (Review)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The theory and practical applications of very slow (antisymmetric) optical plasmons are described. These plasmons can exist on thin metal films and filaments and (as standing waves) on metal spheres and ellipsoids. The material presented here extends the conventional concepts of electromagnetic modes of spaces, probability of spontaneous emission, construction of optical images, optical focusing, and the photon momentum. The reviewed achievements in this field have been obtained in the last years. The problem of the photon momentum in a medium has been a subject of irreconcilable disputes for nearly 100 years, beginning with Minkowski and Abraham’s famous papers. Various practical applications are considered, including experiments with the significant enhancement of atom spontaneous emission into a plasmon field mode of a nanoparticle; experiments on focusing optical radiation into a spot much smaller than the diffraction-limited one (the so-called almost ideal Pendry lens, which produces an image with details much smaller than the light wavelength); and, finally, a greatly increased (by factors of 10, 100, or more) photon momentum in plasmon.

Zuev, V. S.; Zueva, G. Ya.

2009-10-01

461

Equation of motion with radiation reaction in ultrarelativistic laser-electron interactions  

SciTech Connect

The intensity of the ultra-short pulse lasers has reached 10{sup 22} W/cm{sup 2} owing to the advancements of laser technology. When the motion of an electron becomes relativistic, bremsstrahlung accompanies it. The energy from this bremsstrahlung corresponds to the energy loss of the electron; therefore, the motion of the electron deviates from the case without radiation. The radiation behaves something like resistance. This effect called ''radiation reaction'' or ''radiation damping'' and the force converted from the radiation is named the ''radiation reaction force'' or the ''damping force''. The equation of motion with the reaction force is known as the Lorentz-Abraham-Dirac (LAD) equation, but the solution of this equation is not physical due to the fact that it has a ''run-away'' solution. As one solution of this problem, we have derived a new equation which takes the place of the Lorentz-Abraham-Dirac equation. We will show the validity of this equation with a simple theoretical analysis.

Seto, Keita; Nagatomo, Hideo; Mima, Kunioki [Institute of Laser Engineering, Osaka University, 2-6 Yamada-oka, Suita, Osaka 565-0871 (Japan); Koga, James [Advance Photon Research Center, Kansai Research Establishment, Japan Atomic Energy Research Institute, Kyoto 619-0215 (Japan)

2011-12-15

462

Hebrew and Latin astrology in the twelfth century: the example of the location of pain.  

PubMed

The formative period of Latin and Hebrew astrology occurred virtually simultaneously in both cultures. In the second quarter of the twelfth century the terminology of the subject was established and the textbooks which became authoritative were written. The responsibility for this lay almost entirely with two scholars: John of Seville for the Latins, and Abraham ibn Ezra for the Jews. It is unlikely to have been by coincidence that the same developments in astrology occurred in these two cultures. John of Seville and Abraham ibn Ezra were both brought up within the Islamic culture of Spain, and their astrology was Arabic astrology. Moreover, some scholars have thought that John's origins were Jewish, while Ibn Ezra is known to have collaborated with Latin scholars (whose names are not recorded). It cannot be a coincidence that they forged the science of astrology for their respect co-religionists at almost the same time. Yet, very little research has been done on the possible relations between the two scholars. The purpose of this paper is to begin to explore this relationship, and to illustrate it in particular by their shared doctrine concern the location of pain. PMID:20513618

Burnett, Charles

2010-05-06

463

Electromagnetic force and torque in ponderable media.  

PubMed

Maxwell's macroscopic equations combined with a generalized form of the Lorentz law of force are a complete and consistent set of equations. Not only are these five equations fully compatible with special relativity, they also conform with conservation laws of energy, momentum, and angular momentum. We demonstrate consistency with the conservation laws by showing that, when a beam of light enters a magnetic dielectric, a fraction of the incident linear (or angular) momentum pours into the medium at a rate determined by the Abraham momentum density, E x H/c(2), and the group velocity V(g) of the electromagnetic field. The balance of the incident, reflected, and transmitted momenta is subsequently transferred to the medium as force (or torque) at the leading edge of the beam, which propagates through the medium with velocity V(g). Our analysis does not require "hidden" momenta to comply with the conservation laws, nor does it dissolve into ambiguities with regard to the nature of electromagnetic momentum in ponderable media. The linear and angular momenta of the electromagnetic field are clearly associated with the Abraham momentum, and the phase and group refractive indices (n(p) and n(g)) play distinct yet definitive roles in the expressions of force, torque, and momentum densities. PMID:18795019

Mansuripur, Masud

2008-09-15

464

Biorelevant pKa (37?C) predicted from the 2D structure of the molecule and its pKa at 25?C  

PubMed Central

Values of the ionization constants at 37°C, which are scarcely reported, are more meaningful for interpreting mechanisms of cellular transport by ionizable molecules and in mechanistic dissolution studies, which are often performed at the biorelevant temperature. An equation was developed where the pKa values of drug-like molecules determined at 25°C can be simply converted to values at 37°C, without additional measurement. The differences between the values, ?pKa = pKa37 ? pKa25, were linearly fitted to a function of pKa25 and the standard entropy of ionization, ?So, where the latter term was approximated by the five Abraham linear free energy solvation descriptors using multiple linear regression. The Abraham descriptors (H-bond donor and acceptor strengths, dipolar solute-solvent interactions potential, the pi- and n-electrons dispersion force, and molar volume) were determined from the 2-dimensional structure of the molecules. A total of 143 mostly drug-like molecules (207 pKa values at 25°C and at 37°C) were chosen for the study. The pKa values of many were determined here for the first time. Included were 34 weak acids, 85 weak bases, and 24 amphoteric compounds (6 ordinary ampholytes, 18 zwitterions).

Sun, Na; Avdeef, Alex

2011-01-01

465

J. Robert Oppenheimer - A Life  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The late Abraham Pais, author of the award winning biography of Albert Einstein, Subtle is the Lord , here offers an illuminating portrait of another of his eminent colleagues, J. Robert Oppenheimer, one of the most charismatic and enigmatic figures of modern physics. Pais introduces us to a precocious youth who sped through Harvard in three years, made signal contributions to quantum mechanics while in his twenties, and was instrumental in the growth of American physics in the decade before the Second World War, almost single-handedly bringing it to a state of prominence. He paints a revealing portrait of Oppenheimer's life in Los Alamos, where in twenty remarkable, feverish months, and under his inspired guidance, the first atomic bomb was designed and built, a success that made Oppenheimer America's most famous scientist. Pais describes Oppenheimer's long tenure as Director of the Institute of Advanced Study at Princeton, where the two men worked together closely. He shows not only Oppenheimer's brilliance and leadership, but also how his displays of intensity and arrogance won him powerful enemies, ones who would ultimately make him one of the principal victims of the Red Scare of the 1950s. J. Robert Oppenheimer is Abraham Pais's final work, completed after his death by Robert P. Crease, an acclaimed historian of science in his own right. Told with compassion and deep insight, it is the most comprehensive biography of the great physicist available. Anyone seeking an insider's portrait of this enigmatic man will find it indispensable.

Pais, Abraham; Crease, Robert P.

2007-05-01

466

Electromagnetic momentum conservation in media  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

That static electric and magnetic fields can store momentum may be perplexing, but is necessary to ensure total conservation of momentum. Simple situations in which such field momentum is transferred to nearby bodies and point charges have often been considered for pedagogical purposes, normally assuming vacuum surroundings. If dielectric media are involved, however, the analysis becomes more delicate, not least since one encounters the electromagnetic energy-momentum problem in matter, the 'Abraham-Minkowski enigma', of what the momentum is of a photon in matter. We analyze the momentum balance in three nontrivial examples obeying azimuthal symmetry, showing how the momentum conservation is satisfied as the magnetic field decays and momentum is transferred to bodies present. In the last of the examples, that of point charge outside a dielectric sphere in an infinite magnetic field, we find that not all of the field momentum is transferred to the nearby bodies; a part of the momentum appears to vanish as momentum flux towards infinity. We discuss this and other surprising observations which can be attributed to the assumption of magnetic fields of infinite extent. We emphasize how formal arguments of conserved quantities cannot determine which energy-momentum tensor is more "correct", and each of our conservation checks may be performed equally well in the Minkowski or Abraham framework.

Brevik, Iver; Ellingsen, Simen Å.

2011-03-01

467

Electromagnetic momentum conservation in media  

SciTech Connect

That static electric and magnetic fields can store momentum may be perplexing, but is necessary to ensure total conservation of momentum. Simple situations in which such field momentum is transferred to nearby bodies and point charges have often been considered for pedagogical purposes, normally assuming vacuum surroundings. If dielectric media are involved, however, the analysis becomes more delicate, not least since one encounters the electromagnetic energy-momentum problem in matter, the 'Abraham-Minkowski enigma', of what the momentum is of a photon in matter. We analyze the momentum balance in three nontrivial examples obeying azimuthal symmetry, showing how the momentum conservation is satisfied as the magnetic field decays and momentum is transferred to bodies present. In the last of the examples, that of point charge outside a dielectric sphere in an infinite magnetic field, we find that not all of the field momentum is transferred to the nearby bodies; a part of the momentum appears to vanish as momentum flux towards infinity. We discuss this and other surprising observations which can be attributed to the assumption of magnetic fields of infinite extent. We emphasize how formal arguments of conserved quantities cannot determine which energy-momentum tensor is more 'correct', and each of our conservation checks may be performed equally well in the Minkowski or Abraham framework.

Brevik, Iver [Department of Energy and Process Engineering, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, N-7491 Trondheim (Norway); Ellingsen, Simen A., E-mail: simen.a.ellingsen@ntnu.no [Department of Energy and Process Engineering, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, N-7491 Trondheim (Norway)

2011-03-15

468

Negative group velocity electromagnetic waves and the energy-momentum tensor  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

V G Veselago's results (Usp. Fiz. Nauk 179 689 (2009) [Phys. Usp. 52 649 (2009)]) on the electromagnetic (EM) energy-momentum tensor in a medium are analyzed. It is shown that Veselago's statements on the Abraham tensor are wrong (this is not actually a tensor, and the Abraham force was introduced into the theory as an artificial auxiliary device). In discussing the EM energy-momentum tensor in a dispersive medium, it seems to have escaped the author's attention that the problem was resolved a long time ago: the electromagnetic energy-momentum tensor for a dispersive isotropic medium at rest is a symmetric 4-tensor which includes the Brillouin energy density, the energy flux density (Umov-Poynting vector), the momentum density (the Umov-Poynting vector divided by \\textit{c}^2), and the Pitaevskii tension tensor. For a mechanically and thermally equilibrium medium, it is shown that the spatial components of the Polevoi-Rytov tensor which is discussed in the analyzed paper cannot be interpreted as the field-dependent part of the Pitaevskii total tension tensor, unless for quasimonochromatic plane wave propagation. It is also shown that for arbitrary (not necessarily zero) reflection, the force an EM wave in an isotropic medium exerts on a solid can be expressed in terms of an appropriate component of the Polevoi-Rytov tension tensor.

Makarov, Vyacheslav P.; Rukhadze, Anri A.

2011-12-01

469

Prediction of biomagnification factors for some organochlorine compounds using linear free energy relationship parameters and artificial neural networks.  

PubMed

Multiple linear regression and artificial neural networks (ANNs) as feature mapping techniques were used for the prediction of the biomagnification factor (BMF) of some organochlorine pollutants. As independent variables, or compound descriptors, the Abraham descriptors often employed in linear free energy relationships were used. Much better results were obtained from the nonlinear ANN model than from multiple linear regression. The average absolute error, average relative error and root mean square error in the calculation of log (BMF) by the ANN model were 0.055, 0.051 and 0.097 for the training set and 0.11, 0.086 and 0.175 for the internal validation set, respectively. The degree of importance of each descriptor was evaluated by carrying out a sensitivity analysis approach for the nonlinear model. The results obtained reveal that the order of importance is the pollutant volume, the pollutant dipolarity/polarizability and the pollutant excess molar refraction. In order to examine the credibility of the obtained ANN model the leave-many-out cross-validation test was applied which gave Q(2)= 0.827 and SPRESS = 0.15. Also the Y-scrambling procedure was applied to the ANN model in order to examine the effect of chance correlations. The results obtained reveal that it is possible to predict the BMFs of organochlorine pollutants using a nonlinear ANN model with Abraham descriptors as inputs. PMID:19916109

Fatemi, M H; Abraham, M H; Haghdadi, M

2009-07-01

470

Power-Law Correlated Disorder in Graphene and Square Nanoribbons  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Two dimensional metal-insulator transitions have remained an active topic in condensed matter physics do to the lack of a general model that can predict when an MIT occurs. With the creation of truly 2D crystals and nanostructures, the question has become increasingly relevant. Though initially predicted to not contain a MIT transition, the inclusion of electron-electron interactions and/or spatial disorder can drive a MIT in some 2D systems. In the case of graphene, correlated ripples are present even when the nanoribbons are freestanding and can have an effect on the transport properties while electron-electron interactions are normally considered negligible. To explore the effect of ripples, we model graphene with a long-range power-law spatial correlation of the form = 1/(1 + |ri/a|)^? where ?i, r, a, and ? are the on-site energy, position, lattice constant, and strength of the correlation respectively. It should be noted that much work has been completed on short-range correlations but little on truly long-range correlations. We also present our finding for the square lattice for comparison.[4pt] [1] Abrahams E. Phys. Rev. Lett. 42, 673-676 (1979)[0pt] [2] Abrahams E. Ann. Phys. 8 (1999) 7-9, 539-548

Sandler, Nancy; Petersen, Greg

2012-02-01

471

Predicting skin permeability from complex chemical mixtures: incorporation of an expanded QSAR model.  

PubMed

Quantitative structure-activity relationship (QSAR) models have been widely used to study the permeability of chemicals or solutes through skin. Among the various QSAR models, Abraham's linear free-energy relationship (LFER) model is often employed. However, when the experimental conditions are complex, it is not always appropriate to use Abraham's LFER model with a single set of regression coefficients. In this paper, we propose an expanded model in which one set of partial slopes is defined for each experimental condition, where conditions are defined according to solvent: water, synthetic oil, semi-synthetic oil, or soluble oil. This model not only accounts for experimental conditions but also improves the ability to conduct rigorous hypothesis testing. To more adequately evaluate the predictive power of the QSAR model, we modified the usual leave-one-out internal validation strategy to employ a leave-one-solute-out strategy and accordingly adjust the Q(2) LOO statistic. Skin permeability was shown to have the rank order: water > synthetic > semi-synthetic > soluble oil. In addition, fitted relationships between permeability and solute characteristics differ according to solvents. We demonstrated that the expanded model (r(2) = 0.70) improved both the model fit and the predictive power when compared with the simple model (r(2) = 0.21). PMID:23767783

Xu, G; Hughes-Oliver, J M; Brooks, J D; Baynes, R E

2013-06-14

472

Nonequilibrium dynamics of charged particles in a quantized electromagnetic field: causal, stable and self-consistent dynamics from 1/c expansion  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We derive a set of stochastic equations of motion for a system of ordinary quantum-mechanical, spinless charged particles in a second-quantized electromagnetic field based on a consistent application of a dimensionful 1/c expansion, which is analogous to the post-Newtonian expansion in gravity. All relativistic corrections up to order 1/c3 are found, including electrostatic interactions (Coulomb), magnetostatic backreaction (Biot-Savart), dissipative backreaction (Abraham-Lorentz) and quantum-field fluctuations at zero and finite temperatures. With self-consistent backreaction of the EM field included, we show that this approach yields causal and runaway-free equations of motion, provides new insights into charged-particle backreaction and naturally leads to equations consistent with the (classical) Darwin Hamiltonian, and has quantum operator ordering consistent with the Breit Hamiltonian. To order 1/c3 the approach leads to a nonstandard mass renormalization which is associated with magnetostatic self-interactions, and no cutoff is required to prevent runaways. Our results also show that the pathologies of the standard Abraham-Lorentz equations can be seen as a consequence of applying an inconsistent (i.e. incomplete, mixed-order) expansion in 1/c, if, from the start, the analysis is viewed as generating an effective theory with all relativistic corrections considered perturbatively. Finally, we show that the 1/c expansion within a Hamiltonian framework yields well-behaved noise and dissipation, in addition to the multiple-particle interactions.

Fleming, C. H.; Johnson, P. R.; Hu, B. L.

2012-06-01

473

Long-term monitoring of PKS0558­-504, a highly accreting AGN with a radio jet  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Mario Gliozzi, mgliozzi@gmu.edu George Mason University, Fairfax, Virginia, United States The radio-loud Narrow-Line Seyfert 1 galaxy PKS 0558-504 is a highly variable, X-ray bright source with super-Eddington accretion rate and a powerful radio jet that does not dominate the emission beyond the radio band. Hence this source represents an ideal laboratory to study the link between accretion and ejection phenomena. Here we present the preliminary results from a 5-year monitoring campaign with RXTE as well as from a 1.5-year multi-wavelength campaign with Swift, complemented with radio observations from the ATCA and VLBI. We combine several pieces of information from different energy bands to shed some light on the energetics of accretion and ejection phenomena in this extreme black hole system.

Gliozzi, Mario

474

On the terms of geomagnetic daily variation in Antarctica  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The target of this work is to investigate the nature of magnetic perturbations produced by ionospheric and magnetospheric currents as recorded at high-latitude geomagnetic stations. In particular, we investigate the effects of these currents on geomagnetic data recorded in Antarctica. To this purpose we apply a mathematical method, known as Natural Orthogonal Composition, to analyze the magnetic field disturbances along the three geomagnetic field components (X, Y and Z) recorded at Mario Zucchelli Station (IAGA code TNB; geographic coordinates: 74.7° S, 164.1° E) from 1995 to 1998. Using this type of analysis, we characterize the dominant modes of the geomagnetic field daily variability through a set of empirical orthogonal functions (EOFs). While such mathematically independent EOFs do not necessarily represent physically independent modes of variability, we find that some of them are actually related to well known current patterns located at high latitudes.

de Michelis, P.; Tozzi, R.; Meloni, A.

2009-06-01

475

On the Terms of Geomagnetic Daily Variation in Antarctica  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The nature of magnetic perturbations produced by ionospheric and magnetospheric currents recorded in Antarctica, is here investigated. A mathematical method, known as Natural Orthogonal Composition, is applied to analyze the magnetic field disturbances along the three geomagnetic field components (X, Y and Z) measured at Mario Zucchelli Station (IAGA code TNB; geographic coordinates: 74.7°S, 164.1°E) from 1995 to 1998. This type of analysis allows characterizing the dominant modes of the geomagnetic field daily variability through a set of empirical orthogonal functions (EOFs). Even though such mathematically independent EOFs do not necessarily represent physically independent modes of variability, results show that some of them are actually related to well known current patterns located at high latitudes.

Tozzi, R.; de Michelis, P.; Meloni, A.

2009-12-01

476

Study on solar sources and polar cap absorption events recorded in Antarctica  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Particularly intense events occurred on the Sun in a period around minimum of solar activity during cycle 23. We investigated the characteristics of September 2005 and December 2006 events and the properties of the correlated observations of ionospheric absorption, obtained by a 30 MHz riometer installed at Mario Zucchelli Station (MZS-Antarctica), and of geomagnetic activity recorded at Scott Base (Antarctica). Solar events are studied using the characteristics of CMEs measured with SoHO/LASCO coronagraphs and the temporal evolution of solar energetic protons in different energy ranges measured by GOES 11 spacecraft. Analysing these data, we have determined how these effects are finally observed on the Earth's surface not only in the ionospheric absorption of radio waves and in the intense geomagnetic activity, but also as significant variations of cosmic ray modulation, even at high energies.

Perrone, L.; Parisi, M.; Meloni, A.; Damasso, M.; Galliani, M.

2009-06-01

477

Between the Under-Labourer and the Master-Builder: Observations on Bunge's Method  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Mario Bunge has repeatedly discussed contributions to philosophy and to science that are worthless at best and dangerous at worst, especially cases of pseudo-science. He clearly gives his reason in his latest essay on this matter: "The fact that science can be faked to the point of deceiving science lovers suggests the need for a rigorous sifting device". Moreover, this sifting has its rewards, as "sometimes intellectual gold comes mixed with muck". Furthermore, the sifting device is a demarcation of science, which answers interesting questions: what is valuable in science and what makes it tick? The question is under dispute. So before coming to it we should admit a few preliminary ideas that are more difficult to contest than ideas that purport to demarcate science.

Agassi, Joseph

2012-10-01

478

Daily variation characteristics at polar geomagnetic observatories  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper is based on the statistical analysis of the diurnal variation as observed at six polar geomagnetic observatories, three in the Northern and three in the Southern hemisphere. Data are for 2006, a year of low geomagnetic activity. We compared the Italian observatory Mario Zucchelli Station (TNB; corrected geomagnetic latitude: 80.0°S), the French-Italian observatory Dome C (DMC; 88.9°S), the French observatory Dumont D'Urville (DRV; 80.4°S) and the three Canadian observatories, Resolute Bay (RES; 83.0°N), Cambridge Bay (CBB; 77.0°N) and Alert (ALE, 87.2°N). The aim of this work was to highlight analogies and differences in daily variation as observed at the different observatories during low geomagnetic activity year, also considering Interplanetary Magnetic Field conditions and geomagnetic indices.

Lepidi, S.; Cafarella, L.; Pietrolungo, M.; Di Mauro, D.

2011-08-01

479

Workers' Liberty, Workers' Welfare: The Supreme Court Speaks on the Rights of Disabled Employees  

PubMed Central

On June 10, 2002, a unanimous US Supreme Court rejected the claim by Mario Echazabal that he had been denied his rights under the Americans with Disabilities Act when Chevron USA had refused to employ him because he had hepatitis C. Chevron believed that Echazabal’s exposure to hepatotoxic chemicals in its refinery would pose a grave risk to his health. This case poses critical questions about the ethics of public health: When, if ever, is paternalism justified? Must choice always trump other values? What ought to be the balance between welfare and liberty? Strikingly, the groups that came to Echazabal’s defense adopted an antipaternalistic posture fundamentally at odds with the ethical foundations of occupational health and safety policy.

Bayer, Ronald

2003-01-01

480

Can lightning be a noise source for a spherical gravitational wave antenna?  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The detection of gravitational waves is a very active research field at the moment. In Brazil the gravitational wave detector is called Mario SCHENBERG. Because of its high sensitivity it is necessary to model mathematically all known noise sources so that digital filters can be developed that maximize the signal-to-noise ratio. One of the noise sources that must be considered are the disturbances caused by electromagnetic pulses due to lightnings close to the experiment. Such disturbances may influence the vibrations of the antenna’s normal modes and mask possible gravitational wave signals. In this work we model the interaction between lightnings and SCHENBERG antenna and calculate the intensity of the noise due to a close lightning stroke in the detected signal. We find that the noise generated does not disturb the experiment significantly.

Magalhães, Nadja Simão; de Marinho, Rubens; de Aguiar, Odylio Denys; Frajuca, Carlos

2005-11-01

481

New York State high-speed surface transportation study. Executive summary  

SciTech Connect

In 1990, New York State Governor Mario M. Cuomo created an interagency task force under the leadership of Lt. Governor Stan Lundine to investigate the potential of high speed ground transportation (HSGT) systems. the study`s objective was to assess potential rights-of-way, ridership, energy and environmental impacts, economic benefits, capital, operating, and maintenance costs, and financial viability of HSFT systems. The study builds upon and supplements previous and on-going HSGT activities conducted by the members of the interagency task force. These activities include: Maglev Technical and Economic Feasibility Study (NYSERDA); Maglev Demonstration Site Investigation (NYSTA); and New York/Massachusetts High Speed Ground Transportation Study (NYSDOT). The study is intended to verify and refine previous information and analyses and provide supplemental information and insights to be used in determining if additional investigation and activities involving HSGT are desirable for New York State.

NONE

1994-08-01

482

Considerazioni sull'ipotesi di constituzione di una nuova Sezione UAI  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

On June 12, 2004 during the UAI Board Meeting held in Napoli, among other subjects, the members discussed the possibility to create a new UAI section. It would be identified as "Instruments Section". Basically, it would be a group of individuals interested in observative technology, who would dedicate themselves to the right utilization of astronomy instruments and accessories, particularly hardware and software, to the creation of a special database which amateur astronomers would consult and download, get information from, tips, files, applications schemes, charts, figures, instrument tests and so on. The "Astronomia UAI" monograph 6/2004 represents the first file of the above mentioned database, since it deals essentially with the remote and/or automatic control of astronomical observing and imaging by means of personal experiments developed by Mario Dho and Salvatore Massaro. Future perspectives and ideas to launch the new Section are presented.

Dho, Mario

2005-04-01

483

How Real is the Quantum World?  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The three main theses proposed by Mario Bunge are discussed. The peculiar nature of quantum discreteness is argued in disagreement with his first one. General agreement, with some important distinctions, is expressed instead with his other two theses about the peculiar nature of the properties of quantum objects, and the realist interpretation of Quantum Theory. The notion of context dependent, but objectively definable, properties, and the redefinition of Natural Laws as general constraints allowing the occurrence of random events not conflicting with them are however needed in order to qualify more precisely the meaning of terms such as properties and realism. A new probabilistic formulation of Quantum Mechanics in phase space, which eliminates, together with the unphysical concept of probability waves, also the main paradoxical features of the conventional theory, is finally briefly sketched.

Cini, Marcello

484

Final Blaze of Glory  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This video gives an overview of planetary nebulae through a computerized animation, images from the Hubble Space Telescope (HST), and interviews with Space Telescope Science Institute Theorist Dr. Mario Livio. A computerized animation simulates a giant star as it swallows its smaller companion. HST images display various planetary nebulae, such as M2-9 Twinjet Nebula, NGC 3568, NGC 3918, NGC 5307, NGC 6826, NGC 7009, and Hubble 5. An artists conception shows what our solar system might look like in a billion years when the Sun has burned out and cast off its outer layers in a shell of glowing gas. Dr. Livio describes the shapes of the planetary nebulae, gives three reasons to study planetary nebulae, and what the observations made by HST have meant to him. A succession of 17 HST images of planetary nebulae are accompanied by music by John Serrie.

2001-01-01

485

Odd-frequency triplet pairing in mixed-parity superconductors  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We show that mixed-parity superconductors may exhibit equal-spin pair correlations that are odd-in-time and can be tuned by means of an applied field. The direction and the amplitude of the pair correlator in the spin space turn out to be strongly dependent on the symmetry of the order parameter, and thus provide a tool to identify different types of singlet-triplet mixed configurations. We suggest that odd-in-time spin-polarized pair correlations can be generated without magnetic inhomogeneities in superconducting/ferromagnetic hybrids with non-centrosymmetric superconductor or when parity mixing is induced at the interface. Paola Gentile, Canio Noce, Alfonso Romano, Gaetano Annunziata, Jacob Linder, Mario Cuoco, arXiv:1109.4885

Cuoco, Mario; Gentile, Paola; Noce, Canio; Romano, Alfonso; Annunziata, Gaetano; Linder, Jacob

2012-02-01

486

International Science & Engineering Visualization Challenge  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

\\When thinking about visualizing data, some might think of the ground-breaking work of people like Edward Tufte. The National Science Foundation (NSF) is intimately interested in visualizing science and engineering data, and they have sponsored this annual challenge for other interested parties working in this field. Each year, the NSF and the journal "Science" work together to assemble a panel of judges who review entries in five categories, including "photographs", "illustrations", and "interactive media". On the homepage, visitors can learn about the contest guidelines and view a gallery of images created by past winners. Even a cursory glance at the winners from 2008 is quite remarkable. Some of the winners include Mario De Stefano and his "Glass Forest" images of diatoms taken with a scanning electron microscope. Visitors can look through galleries dating back to 2003, and this might just inspire a few curious parties to send in their own submissions.

2009-08-21

487

International Science & Engineering Visualization Challenge  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

When thinking about visualizing data, some might think of the ground-breaking work of people like Edward Tufte. The National Science Foundation (NSF) is intimately interested in visualizing science and engineering data, and they have sponsored this annual challenge for other interested parties working in this field. Each year, the NSF and the journal "Science" work together to assemble a panel of judges who review entries in five categories, including "photographs", "illustrations", and "interactive media". On the homepage, visitors can learn about the contest guidelines and view a gallery of images created by past winners. Even a cursory glance at the winners from 2008 is quite remarkable. Some of the winners include Mario De Stefano and his "Glass Forest" images of diatoms taken with a scanning electron microscope. Visitors can look through galleries dating back to 2003, and this might just inspire a few curious parties to send in their own submissions.

488

Julio Cortázar quotes on normal and abnormal movements: magical realism or reality?  

PubMed

Together with Mario Vargas Llosa and Gabriel García Márquez, Julio Cortázar was one of the most representative authors of the Latin American magical realism genre. Within his extensive body of work, many descriptions of characters suffering physical disabilities, as well as situations suggesting such medical conditions, can be extracted. In this review, two short stories by Cortázar are presented. In the first one, the main character could easily be a man suffering from corticobasal degeneration; in the second, an old woman with symptoms suggestive of progressive supranuclear palsy is clearly depicted. Despite the fact that one of the main ingredients in Cortázar's magical realism is fiction, cases described here fit real medical conditions quite well, making it hard to believe that they represent purely fantastic descriptions rather than the product of Cortázar's inquisitive observation and the description of real patients. PMID:16685680

Merello, Marcelo

2006-08-01

489

[The reciprocity rule in the construction of relationships as the key in relational processes].  

PubMed

Reciprocity as an expression of the therapist-patient relationship is pointed-out by Mario Reda who refers to Comparetti's studies on the mother-foetus reciprocity, mediated by the so-called "jumps". Reciprocal behaviours are clearly observable during bird and other animal courtship behaviour, whereas in the Sapiens sapiens species, we may observe the establishing of a very complex reciprocity system, which starts with gestures and bodily attitudes, subsequently activating sensory-motor emotional schemata and internal working models, thus enabling the construction of personal meanings. A relationship may result from an encounter provided that "compatible" meanings are constructed in the context of "possible reciprocity" of significant systems. The observation of reciprocity provides a concrete possibility to reduce the risk of absolute subjectivity related to the I or the you, superceding it through the us. PMID:22322680

Fenelli, Antonio; Volpi, Cecilia; Guarracino, Emanuele; Galli, Virginia; Esposito, Massimo

490

Harvard Law School Forum  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Founded in 1946 by 30 law students returned from the war, the Harvard Law School Forum has remained a nonprofit, student-run organization that sponsors a variety of speakers and panel discussions featuring political, literary, and cultural luminaries from around the world. Over the years, many of these discussions have been broadcast on the radio or otherwise recorded and are now available online in their entirety. Past programs currently offered in RealPlayer format include, to name just a few, Henry Kissinger, Timothy Leary, Jimmy Hoffa, Martin Luther King, Betty Friedan, Shimon Peres, Carl Sagan, F. Lee Bailey, Mario Cuomo, Ralph Nader, Helen Thomas, Charlton Heston, and Vince McMahon. The site also features a guide to past programs (sorted by decade and some with photos or associated press clippings), a photo gallery, and information on upcoming speakers. The site is an ongoing project, and additional recordings and other materials will be added as they are prepared or become available.

491

New Tactics in Human Rights  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

As this website explains in its Common Questions area, "Tactics consist of how to make a change", and given this statement, the site will be of great interest to those with a concern for international human rights. The New Tactics in Human Rights organization is primarily concerned with providing practitioners in the field with a package of practical tools, a worldwide symposium, and a number of other strategic planning resources. The project itself is coordinated by the Center for Victims of Torture and is overseen by a board of advisors that includes novelist Mario Vargas Llosa and the Right Honorable Kim Campbell, who is the former Prime Minister of Canada. The "Tools for Action" section is a real find as it contains a number of tactical notebooks taken from various case studies around the world, including work from Turkey, Hungary, Romania, and Albania. It is worth noting that many of the materials on the site are also available in Spanish and French.

492

Logarithmic Map of the Universe  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This map of the known universe features familiar objects and recent discoveries such as the galaxies and quasars from the Sloan Digital Sky Survey, including the Sloan 'Great Wall' of galaxies 1.37 billion light years long, located over 200 megaparsecs from Earth. The conformal map projection preserves shapes locally, but is able to display the entire range of astronomical scales from near-Earth to the cosmic microwave background. Starting at the Earth's surface, users can see the moon, planets and Near-Earth Objects (NEOs,) locate the most-distant human spacecraft, the nearest stars, then move outwards to the most distant galaxies, quasars, and most distant, the cosmic microwave background. The map is available in several resolutions and formats, including complete maps and individual sheets. There is also a link to the paper by J. Richard Gott, Mario Juric, and others, announcing the new map and describing its characteristics.

493

European National Society Cardiovascular Journals: Background, rationale and mission statement of the 'Editors' Club' (Task Force of the European Society of Cardiology).  

PubMed

Anesti Kondili MD, Djamaleddine Nibouche MD, Karlen Adamyan MD, Kurt Huber MD, Hugo Ector MD, Izet Masic MD, Rumiana Tarnovska MD, Mario Ivanusa MD, Vladimír Stane k MD, Jørgen Videbaek MD, Mohamed Hamed MD, Alexandras Laucevicius MD, Pirjo Mustonen MD, Jean-Yves Artigou MD, Ariel Cohen MD, Mamanti Rogava MD, Michael Böhm MD, Eckart Fleck MD, Gerd Heusch MD, Rainer Klawki MD, Panos Vardas MD, Christodoulos Stefanadis MD, József Tenczer MD, Massimo Chiariello MD, Aleksandras Laucevicius MD, Joseph Elias MD, Halima Benjelloun MD, Olaf Rødevand MD, Piotr Kul/akowski MD, Edvard Apetrei MD, Victor A. Lusov MD, Rafael G. Oganov MD, Velibor Obradovic MD, Gabriel Kamensky MD, Miran F. Kenda MD, Christer Höglund MD, Thomas F. Lüscher MD, René Lerch MD, Moufid Jokhadar MD, Habib Haouala MD, Vedat Sansoy MD, Valentin Shumakov MD, Adam Timmis MD. (European National Society Cardiovascular Journals Editors, see Appendix for complete affiliations). PMID:18665206

Alfonso, F; Ambrosio, G; Pinto, F J; van der Wall, E E

2008-06-01

494

Critical quasi-particle theory and scaling near a Quantum Critical Point of Heavy Fermion metals  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We recently developed a theory of the critical properties of a heavy fermion metal near an antiferromagnetic (AFM) quantum phase transition governed by three-dimensional spin fluctuations. The critical spin fluctuations induce critical behavior of the electron quasi-particles (qp) as seen in a diverging effective mass, leading, e.g., to a diverging specific heat coefficient. This in turn gives rise to a modification of the spin excitation spectrum [1]. We use that the concept of electron quasi-particles is well-defined as long as the qp width is less than their excitation energy, which is still the case in the so-called non-Fermi liquid regime. Impurity scattering [1,2] and/or higher order loop processes in the clean system [3] cause a redistribution of the critical scattering at the hot lines all over the Fermi surface, leading to a weakly momentum dependent critical self-energy. We derive a self-consistent equation for the qp effective mass which allows for two physical solutions: the usual weak coupling spin density wave solution and a strong coupling solution featuring a power law divergence of the effective mass as a function of energy scale. The resulting spin excitation spectrum obeys E/T scaling with dynamical exponent z=4 and correlation length exponent ?=1/3, in excellent agreement with data for YbRh2Si2 [1,2]. Results of our theory applied to three-dimensional metals featuring quasi-two-dimensional spin fluctuations will be presented with the aim of explaining the observed properties of the AFM quantum critical point of CeCu6-xAux, in particular the E/T scaling exhibited by inelastic neutron scattering data. In that case we find z=8/3 and ?=3/7 [3]. Finally, the microscopic underpinning of our theory will be addressed, including the issues of qp renormalization, vertex corrections, interaction of bosonic fluctuations in the renormalization group sense, and higher loop corrections [3].[4pt] [1] P. W"olfle, and E. Abrahams, Phys. Rev. B 84, 041101 (2011); Ann. Phys. (Berlin) 523, 591 (2011); Phys. Rev. B 80, 235112 (2009).[0pt] [2] E. Abrahams and P. W"olfle, PNAS 109, 3228 (2012).[0pt] [3] E. Abrahams, J. Schmalian, and P. W"olfle, to be published.

WöLfle, Peter

2013-03-01

495

Comparing teacher attitudes and student perceptions of various physics laboratory classes at Ohio State University using a Q-type assessment instrument  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A modified version of the Laboratory Program Variables Inventory (LPVI),[1] a Q-type instrument originally developed to assess chemistry laboratories, has been used at Ohio State University to study the correlation between instructor expectations and student descriptions in out physics by inquiry classes and in the various types of introductory university physics (enginnering physics) classes. Our study of the correlation among different classes shows that Q-type assessment is an effective tool for describing course type. Here we examine correlations between instructor expectations and student perceptions among different sections of the same course, as well as differences in student perceptions among the sections taught by the same instructor. This Q-type assessment tool may be used to diagnose problems in curriculum development and instructor education. [1] M. R. Abraham, ``A descriptive instrument for use in investigating science laboratories,'' Journal of Research in Science Teaching 19, 155-165 (1982).

Aubrecht, Gordon; Demaree, Dedra

2005-04-01

496

Mass formula for quasi-black holes  

SciTech Connect

A quasi-black hole, either nonextremal or extremal, can be broadly defined as the limiting configuration of a body when its boundary approaches the body's quasihorizon. We consider the mass contributions and the mass formula for a static quasi-black hole. The analysis involves careful scrutiny of the surface stresses when the limiting configuration is reached. It is shown that there exists a strict correspondence between the mass formulas for quasi-black holes and pure black holes. This perfect parallelism exists in spite of the difference in derivation and meaning of the formulas in both cases. For extremal quasi-black holes the finite surface stresses give zero contribution to the total mass. This leads to a very special version of Abraham-Lorentz electron in general relativity in which the total mass has pure electromagnetic origin in spite of the presence of bare stresses.

Lemos, Jose P. S.; Zaslavskii, Oleg B. [Centro Multidisciplinar de Astrofisica-CENTRA, Departamento de Fisica, Instituto Superior Tecnico - IST, Universidade Tecnica de Lisboa - UTL, Av. Rovisco Pais 1, 1049-001 Lisboa (Portugal); Astronomical Institute of Kharkov V.N. Karazin National University, 35 Sumskaya Street, Kharkov, 61022 (Ukraine)

2008-12-15

497

Illuminating the Decision Path: The Yucca Mountain Site Recommendation  

SciTech Connect

On February 14, 2002, U.S. Secretary of Energy Spencer Abraham provided to the President the ''Recommendation by the Secretary of Energy Regarding the Suitability of the Yucca Mountain Site for a Repository Under the Nuclear Waste Policy Act of 1982.'' This Recommendation, along with supporting materials, complied with statutory requirements for communicating a site recommendation to the President, and it did more: in 49 pages, the Recommendation also spoke directly to the Nation, illuminating the methodology and considerations that led toward the decision to recommend the site. Addressing technical suitability, national interests, and public concerns, the Recommendation helped the public understand the potential risks and benefits of repository development and placed those risks and benefits in a meaningful national context.

Knox, E.; Slothouber, L.

2003-02-25

498

How to make judicious use of current physics in reconstructing its history  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Using three concrete examples, I illustrate both benefits and pitfalls of approaching the history of relativity and quantum theory with current textbook knowledge of these subjects. First, I show how knowing something about energy-momentum tensors in special relativity makes it easy to see that special relativity did not, as has been suggested, simply kill the program of Abraham and others at the beginning of the 20th century to reduce all of physics to electrodynamics, but co-opted key elements of it. Second, I show how knowing something about coordinate conditions in general relativity can be an obstacle to seeing why Einstein initially rejected field equations based on the Ricci tensor. Third, I show how knowing something about Hilbert space can be an obstacle to seeing the logic behind Jordan's statistical transformation theory. These three examples suggest that knowledge of modern physics is beneficial for historians, but only when used judiciously.

Janssen, Michel

2013-04-01

499

Urbs in rure: human immunodeficiency virus infection in rural Tennessee.  

PubMed

Although the AIDS Commentaries published over the past 18 months have focused on clinical questions relevant to all practicing infectious diseases physicians, they have emphasized clinical information gathered from the large epicenters of the epidemic. We need to remember that clinicians dealing with HIV-infected patients outside metropolitan areas may face problems that are unique. For example, fighting the stigma of AIDS in a low-prevalence population may be as important an issue as treating pneumocystic pneumonia. In this AIDS Commentary, Drs. Abraham Verghese, Steven L. Berk, and Felix Sarubbi of the Veterans Administration Medical Center, East Tennessee State University and describe their experiences in such an environment, discuss some of the problems they've faced, and offer suggestions about what physicians and health officers need to do to prepare for the inevitable spread of AIDS to rural communities. PMID:2584752

Verghese, A; Berk, S L; Sarubbi, F

1989-12-01

500

The Tradition of Anglo-American Mourning Jewelry  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Today the tradition of mourning jewelry may be a foreign concept to many. Centuries ago, it was more commonplace to wear rings, brooches, pendants, and other jewels in memory of family and friends. This fine digital exhibit from the Massachusetts Historical Society provides a nice introduction to this practice via dozens of items collected as part of the Society's work. The materials here are divided into four parts, including Colonial America & the Revolution, The New Republic, Jewelry Containing Hair, and National Mourning. Starting with the first section, interested parties will learn about the memento mori tradition, which is a Latin phrase meaning "Remember you must die." Visitors can also find much to be intrigued by in the National Mourning area. Here they can read about death bed memorial handkerchiefs created in the wake of George Washington's death and a locket containing the hair of Abraham Lincoln.