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Sample records for abraham mario kppen

  1. Mario Bunge's Scientific Realism

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cordero, Alberto

    2012-01-01

    This paper presents and comments on Mario Bunge's scientific realism. After a brief introduction in Sects. 1 and 2 outlines Bunge's conception of realism. Focusing on the case of quantum mechanics, Sect. 3 explores how his approach plays out for problematic theories. Section 4 comments on Bunge's project against the background of the current…

  2. Mario Bunge's Scientific Realism

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cordero, Alberto

    2012-01-01

    This paper presents and comments on Mario Bunge's scientific realism. After a brief introduction in Sects. 1 and 2 outlines Bunge's conception of realism. Focusing on the case of quantum mechanics, Sect. 3 explores how his approach plays out for problematic theories. Section 4 comments on Bunge's project against the background of the current…

  3. Abraham Gottob Werner

    Abraham Gottob Werner(1750-1817), along with James Hutton, is considered one of the founders of Geology. This German geologist's work was mostly concerned with the formation of the Earth and the formation of rocks. He focused on the color, luster, streak, and hardness of rocks and minerals, rather t...

  4. Searching for Abraham Flexner.

    PubMed

    Bonner, T N

    1998-02-01

    Although Abraham Flexner (1866-1959) is well known as the author of Medical Education in the United States and Canada: A Report to the Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching--so well known that this publication's better-known shorthand title is "the Flexner Report"--for many the "real" Flexner remains something of a mystery. Many today believe that he was overly rigid in his goals for medical education and that he did not adequately champion the rights of women and African Americans, harsh criticisms in late-20th-century America. But who really was Abraham Flexner? The author discusses Flexner the education reformer and the man, highlighting his early years in Louisville and his relationship with his family and his wife, his later graduate work and associations with the Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching and the General Education Board, and his then-radical proposals for the reshaping of American medical education. Flexner's attitudes toward women and African Americans are also reviewed, and the author shows that Flexner encouraged both women and blacks to pursue higher education in general and medical careers in particular. Finally, the author discusses Flexner's feelings about his own Jewishness and anti-Semitism, his political beliefs, and his personal attributes as described both by the press and by his friends. PMID:9484189

  5. Abraham Lincoln's Gettysburg illness.

    PubMed

    Goldman, Armond S; Schmalstieg, Frank C

    2007-05-01

    When Abraham Lincoln delivered the Gettysburg Address, he was weak and dizzy; his face had a ghastly colour. That evening on the train to Washington, DC, he was febrile and weak, and suffered severe headaches. The symptoms continued; back pains developed. On the fourth day of the illness, a widespread scarlet rash appeared that soon became vesicular. By the tenth day, the lesions itched and peeled. The illness lasted three weeks. The final diagnosis, a touch of varioloid, was an old name for smallpox that was later used in the 20th century to denote mild smallpox in a partially immune individual. It was unclear whether Lincoln had been immunized against smallpox. Indeed, this review suggests that Lincoln had unmodified smallpox and that Lincoln's physicians tried to reassure the public that Lincoln was not seriously ill. Indeed, the successful conclusion of the Civil War and reunification of the country were dependent upon Lincoln's presidency. PMID:17551612

  6. Mario Bunge's Philosophy of Mathematics: An Appraisal

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Marquis, Jean-Pierre

    2012-10-01

    In this paper, I present and discuss critically the main elements of Mario Bunge's philosophy of mathematics. In particular, I explore how mathematical knowledge is accounted for in Bunge's systemic emergent materialism. To Mario, with gratitude.

  7. Mario Bunge's Philosophy of Mathematics: An Appraisal

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Marquis, Jean-Pierre

    2012-01-01

    In this paper, I present and discuss critically the main elements of Mario Bunge's philosophy of mathematics. In particular, I explore how mathematical knowledge is accounted for in Bunge's systemic emergent materialism.

  8. Experimental evidence for Abraham pressure of light

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhang, Li; She, Weilong; Peng, Nan; Leonhardt, Ulf

    2015-05-01

    The question of how much momentum light carries in media has been debated for over a century. Two rivalling theories, one from 1908 by Hermann Minkowski and the other from 1909 by Max Abraham, predict the exact opposite when light enters an optical material: a pulling force in Minkowski's case and a pushing force in Abraham's. Most experimental tests have agreed with Minkowski's theory, but here we report the first quantitative experimental evidence for Abraham's pushing pressure of light. Our results matter in optofluidics and optomechanics, and wherever light exerts mechanical pressure.

  9. Abraham-Lorentz versus Landau-Lifshitz

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Griffiths, David J.; Proctor, Thomas C.; Schroeter, Darrell F.

    2010-04-01

    The classical Abraham-Lorentz formula for the radiation reaction on a point charge suffers from two notorious defects: runaways and preacceleration. Recently, several authors have advocated as an alternative the Landau-Lifshitz formula, which has neither fault. The latter formula is often presented as an approximation to Abraham-Lorentz, raising the delicate question of how an approximation can be considered more accurate than the original. For a spherical shell of finite size, the equation for the radiation reaction is noncontroversial. We begin there, obtain the Abraham-Lorentz and Landau-Lifshitz expressions as limiting cases, and undertake some numerical studies to determine which is superior.

  10. Abraham Flexner and medical education.

    PubMed

    Ludmerer, Kenneth M

    2011-01-01

    The Flexner Report had its roots in the recognition in the mid-19th century that medical knowledge is not something fixed but something that grows and evolves. This new view of medical knowledge led to a recasting of the goal of medical education as that of instilling the proper techniques of acquiring and evaluating information rather than merely inculcating facts through rote memorization. Abraham Flexner, a brilliant educator, had the background to understand and popularize the meaning of this new view of education, and he took the unprecedented step of relating the developments in medical education to the ideas of John Dewey and the progressive education movement. Although the Flexner Report is typically viewed as a historical document--due to an understandable tendency to refer only to the second half of the report, where Flexner provides his famous critiques of the medical schools that existed at the time--this article argues that the Flexner Report is actually a living educational document of as much significance to medical educators today as in Flexner's time. The article analyzes Flexner's discussion of medical education and shows that his message--the importance of academic excellence, professional leadership, proper financial support, and service and altruism--is timeless, as applicable to the proper education of physicians today and tomorrow as in the past. PMID:21399378

  11. Mario Bunge: Physicist and Philosopher

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Matthews, Michael R.

    Mario Bunge was born in Argentina in the final year of the First World War.He learnt atomic physics and quantum mechanics from an Austrian refugee who had been a student of Heisenberg. Additionally he taught himself modern philosophy in an environment that was a philosophical backwater. He was the first South American philosopher of science to be trained in science. His publications in physics, philosophy, psychology, sociology and the foundations of biology, are staggering in number, and include a massive 8-volume Treatise on Philosophy. The unifying thread of his scholarship is the constant and vigorous advancement of the Enlightenment Project, and criticism of cultural and academic movements that deny or devalue the core planks of the project: namely its naturalism, the search for truth, the universality of science, rationality, and respect for individuals. At a time when specialisation is widely decried, and its deleterious effects on science, philosophy of science, educational research and science teaching are recognised - it is salutary to see the fruits of one person's pursuit of the Big'' scientific and philosophical picture.

  12. Abraham Lincoln: American Lawyer-President

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dirck, Brian

    2009-01-01

    Abraham Lincoln was the most experienced trial lawyer Americans have ever placed in the White House. While more than half of the United State's presidents have been attorneys, none possessed Lincoln's extensive courtroom experience: approximately 3,800 known cases, litigated during a quarter century at the Illinois bar. However, the law's…

  13. Famous Americans: George Washington & Abraham Lincoln.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fleming, Maria

    Introducing students in grade 1-3 to George Washington and Abraham Lincoln, this book presents thematic units that present biographical information, and literature links such as poems, songs, stories, cross-curricular activities, and hands-on reproducibles. Chapters in the book are: (1) Getting to Know George; (2) The Father and His Country; (3)…

  14. Famous Americans: George Washington and Abraham Lincoln.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fleming, Maria

    This book provides background information and ideas for teaching about George Washington and Abraham Lincoln at the primary grade level. Cross-curricular activities include work in music, writing, art, research, plays, and games. A pull-out poster with a poem on "President's Day" is stapled in the center of the book. Chapters in the book are: (1)…

  15. Abraham Lincoln: American Lawyer-President

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dirck, Brian

    2009-01-01

    Abraham Lincoln was the most experienced trial lawyer Americans have ever placed in the White House. While more than half of the United State's presidents have been attorneys, none possessed Lincoln's extensive courtroom experience: approximately 3,800 known cases, litigated during a quarter century at the Illinois bar. However, the law's…

  16. Estimation of Abraham solvation equation coefficients for hydrogen bond formation from Abraham solvation parameters for solute acidity and basicity.

    PubMed

    van Noort, Paul

    2013-01-01

    Abraham solvation equations find widespread use in environmental chemistry and pharmaco-chemistry. The coefficients in these equations, which are solvent (system) descriptors, are usually determined by fitting experimental data. To simplify the determination of these coefficients in Abraham solvation equations, this study derives equations, based on Abraham solvation parameters for hydrogen acidity and basicity of the solvents involved, to estimate the value of the coefficients for hydrogen bond formation. These equations were applied to calculate Abraham solvation parameters for hydrogen acidity and basicity for polyoxymethylene, polyacrylate, sodium dodecylsulfate, some ionic liquids, alkanoyl phosphatidyl cholines, and lipids for which fitted values for Abraham coefficients for hydrogen bond formation were available. PMID:22892357

  17. View southwest, buildings of the Abraham Cyrus Farmstead. (Left to ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    View southwest, buildings of the Abraham Cyrus Farmstead. (Left to right in photograph: hen house, chicken shed, equipment shed, large tree at center foreground, barn, evergreen in yard, wash house, farmhouse - Abraham Cyrus Farmstead, 3271 Cyrus Road (County Road 1/6), Cyrus, Wayne County, WV

  18. [Karl Abraham, Freud's scapegoat and, guide to understanding the truth].

    PubMed

    Cremerius, J

    1997-01-01

    The history of the relationship between Freud and Abraham is characterized by the presence of third parties. There was always another, more favored one of Freud's disciples between Freud and Abraham. The first of these, from 1907 to 1912, was C.G. Jung. The second, fifteen years later, was Otto Rank. (I will omit Ferenczi, because his relationship with Freud only entered its dramatic final stage after Abraham's death.) Both Jung and Rank eventually showed signs of deviating from Freud's theories, and Abraham, as the guardian of those teachings, called attention to this. As a result, complicated triangles arose between Freud, Abraham and the favored son of the moment. Because of Freud's preference for these psychoanalytic sons, a preference of which he himself was not consciously aware, he resisted Abraham's attacks on them and felt them to be unfounded and destructive. Confusing cause with effect he blamed Abraham for the danger to the psychoanalytic movement which ensued from three conflicts. Freud loved and protected the apostates and made the defender of his theories into a scapegoat. When, however, the apostasy eventually became apparent, Freud renounced whoever was concerned and rehabilitated Abraham. However, until the final separation from the love object, Freud wavered between rejection and affection, hope and disappointment. Then, feeling deceived and betrayed, Freud's love turned to hate. PMID:11625346

  19. Lorentz Abraham Force and Power Equations

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yaghjian, Arthur D.

    Toward the end of the nineteenth century Lorentz modeled the electron (“vibrating charged particle,” as he called it) by a spherical shell of uniform surface charge density and set about the difficult task of deriving the equation of motion of this electron model by determining, from Maxwell's equations and the Lorentz force law, the retarded self electromagnetic force that the fields of the accelerating charge distribution exert upon the charge itself [1]. (This initial work of Lorentz in 1892 on a moving charged sphere appeared five years before J.J. Thomson's “discovery” of the electron. It is summarized in English by J.Z. Buchwald [2, app. 7].) With the help of Abraham,1 a highly successful theory of the moving electron model was completed by the early 1900's [3, 4]. Before Einstein's papers [5, 6] on special relativity appeared in 1905, they had derived the following force equation of motion

  20. Students Speak With NASA Astronaut Mario Runco - Duration: 27 minutes.

    NASA Video Gallery

    From NASA’s International Space Station Mission Control Center, NASA astronaut Mario Runco participates in a Digital Learning Network (DLN) event with students in the Newell School District in Ne...

  1. Abraham Lincoln and the insanity plea.

    PubMed

    Spiegel, A D

    1994-06-01

    A confederate civilian physician shot and killed a white Union officer who was drilling Negro troops in Norfolk, Virginia. With no question as to guilt, President Abraham Lincoln decided to have a medical expert conduct a professional sanity/insanity examination. Documentation indicates that legal and political factors may have influenced Lincoln's decision. As a lawyer, Lincoln prosecuted a case where the insanity plea was used as a defense. Two influential Cabinet members, William H. Seward and Edwin M. Stanton, also had legal experience involving the insanity plea. Politically, Lincoln faced serious issues such as the draft riots, the military necessity to recruit slaves into the army, the impact of Union Negro soldiers upon the border states, the morale and discipline of the army and the upcoming presidential election. Upon Seward's recommendation, Lincoln chose a physician who had a reputation for finding the accused sane and who did so in this case. As the southern physician was hanged, Lincoln's means achieved the desired legal and political ends. PMID:8089270

  2. Abraham Lincoln and the global economy.

    PubMed

    Hormats, Robert D

    2003-08-01

    Abraham Lincoln would have well understood the challenges facing many modern emerging nations. In Lincoln's America, as in many developing nations today, sweeping economic change threatened older industries, traditional ways of living, and social and national cohesion by exposing economies and societies to new and powerful competitive forces. Yet even in the midst of the brutal and expensive American Civil war--and in part because of it--Lincoln and the Republican Congress enacted bold legislation that helped create a huge national market, a strong and unified economy governed by national institutions, and a rising middle class of businessmen and property owners. Figuring out how to maximize the benefits of globalization while minimizing its disruptions is a formidable challenge for policy makers. How do you expand opportunities for the talented and the lucky while making sure the rest of society doesn't fall behind? It may be helpful to look at the principles that informed the policies that Lincoln and the Republican Congress instituted after they came to power in 1861: Facilitate the upward mobility of low- and middle-income groups to give them a significant stake in the country. Emphasize the good of the national economy over regional interests. Affirm the need for sound government institutions to temper the dynamics of the free enterprise system. Tailor policies to the national situation. Realize that a period of turmoil may present a unique opportunity for reform. These principles drove the reforms that helped Americans cope with and benefit from rapid technological advances and the fast integration of the American economy in the nineteenth century. They may be instructive to today's policy makers who are struggling to help their own citizens integrate into the fast-changing global economy of the twenty-first century. PMID:12884668

  3. Possibility of measuring the Abraham force using whispering gallery modes

    SciTech Connect

    Brevik, I.; Ellingsen, S. A.

    2010-06-15

    Critical experimental tests of the time-dependent Abraham force in phenomenological electrodynamics are scarce. In this paper, we analyze the possibility of making use of intensity-modulated whispering gallery modes in a microresonator for this purpose. Systems of this kind appear attractive, as the strong concentration of electromagnetic fields near the rim of the resonator serves to enhance the Abraham torque exerted by the field. We analyze mainly spherical resonators, although as an introductory step we consider also the cylinder geometry. The orders of magnitude of the Abraham torques are estimated by inserting reasonable and common values for the various input parameters. As expected, the predicted torques turn out to be very small, although probably not beyond reach experimentally. Our main idea is essentially a generalization of the method used by G. B. Walker et al.[Can. J. Phys. 53, 2577 (1975)] for low-frequency fields, to the optical case.

  4. Maria and Mario Montessori: A Partnership for the Child. [Videotape].

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Clark, Doug; Kahn, David

    Noting that an examination of the historical and biographical context in which the Montessori educational theory and methods were developed can provide important insights into this educational approach, this 15-minute videotape explores the lives of Maria Montessori and her son Mario. Part 1 of the video, "Discovery: The Pioneering Generation,"…

  5. On Mario Bunge's Definition of System and System Boundary

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cavallo, Andrew M.

    2012-01-01

    In this short paper we discuss Mario Bunge's definition of system boundary. It is quickly discovered that Bunge's definition of system and system boundary are both deficient. We thus propose new definitions, which (hopefully) improve the situation. Our definition of system boundary works off the same intuition behind Bunge's.

  6. Maria and Mario Montessori: A Partnership for the Child. [Videotape].

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Clark, Doug; Kahn, David

    Noting that an examination of the historical and biographical context in which the Montessori educational theory and methods were developed can provide important insights into this educational approach, this 15-minute videotape explores the lives of Maria Montessori and her son Mario. Part 1 of the video, "Discovery: The Pioneering Generation,"…

  7. "Happy Birthday, Mr. President!" New Books for Abraham Lincoln's Bicentennial

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Young, Terrell A.; Ward, Barbara A.; Day, Deanna

    2009-01-01

    Stories about Abraham Lincoln have captivated children for generations. The Lincoln story has taken on almost mythic proportions, making it difficult to separate fact from fiction or exaggeration. Young readers never tire of talking about Lincoln's early days--from his birth in a log cabin in Hardin County, Kentucky to his childhood in…

  8. The Enigmatic Savior of the Union: Abraham Lincoln.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Diamond, Ronald L.; Diamond, Linda W.

    Abraham Lincoln rose from the depths of obscurity to guide the United States successfully through the turbulent and menacing years of the Civil War. Laborer, businessman, postmaster, politician, and lawyer were some of the vocations, not all successful, that Lincoln tried during the years leading to his ascent to the Presidency. This review of the…

  9. "Happy Birthday, Mr. President!" New Books for Abraham Lincoln's Bicentennial

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Young, Terrell A.; Ward, Barbara A.; Day, Deanna

    2009-01-01

    Stories about Abraham Lincoln have captivated children for generations. The Lincoln story has taken on almost mythic proportions, making it difficult to separate fact from fiction or exaggeration. Young readers never tire of talking about Lincoln's early days--from his birth in a log cabin in Hardin County, Kentucky to his childhood in…

  10. New Jersey Students Speak With Astronaut Mario Runco - Duration: 19 minutes.

    NASA Video Gallery

    From NASA's International Space Station Mission Control Center, astronaut Mario Runco participates in a Digital Learning Network (DLN) event with students at Memorial Deptford High School in Deptfo...

  11. Energy conservation equation for a radiating pointlike charge in the context of the Abraham-Lorentz versus the Abraham-Becker radiation-reaction force

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bellotti, U.; Bornatici, M.

    1997-12-01

    With reference to a radiating pointlike charge, the energy conservation equation comprising the effect of the Abraham-Lorentz radiation-reaction force is contrasted with the incorrect energy conservation equation obtained by Hartemann and Luhmann [Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 1107 (1995)] on considering instead the Abraham-Becker force that accounts only for a part of the instantaneous radiation-reaction force.

  12. Abraham Lincoln, psychotherapist to the nation: the use of metaphors.

    PubMed

    Leetz, K L

    1997-01-01

    Metaphors are widely utilized in psychotherapy to effect change in patients. Psychotherapeutic metaphors, in their various versions, may offer new choices and ways of viewing oneself to the patient which are more palatable than straight discussions or sterile insights. By addressing resistances indirectly, metaphors can be an effective tool for the therapist to use, regardless of theoretical orientation. Abraham Lincoln, a master of metaphor, utilized this tool effectively in dealing with crises and the ultimate fragmentation, disunion of the national identity. The author argues that Lincoln was able to address complex issues (such as slavery, liberty, nationhood, union, and conduct of the war) with metaphors, much as a skilled psychotherapist addresses complex issues within his or her purview. Abraham Lincoln effectively disarmed his critics, established a means of communication with the people, and sought to make his points in an understandable nonconfrontational fashion. These are skills highly valued by psychotherapists. One might say that Abraham Lincoln conducted psychotherapy on a national scale. Without formal training, he was ultimately able to create a new and more stable sense of national self using a metaphorical approach. PMID:9139547

  13. STS-77 MS Mario Runco Jr. suits up

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1996-01-01

    STS-77 Mission Specialist Mario Runco Jr. finishes donning his launch/entry suit in the Operations and Checkout Building with assistance from a suit technician. The two-time space flyer joins a crew of five on the fourth Shuttle flight of 1996. The astronauts will depart shortly for Launch Pad 39B, where the Space Shuttle Endeavour is undergoing final preparations for liftoff during a two-and-a-half hour launch window opening at 6:30 a.m. EDT, May 19.

  14. Unilateral coronal craniosynostosis in Abraham Lincoln and his family.

    PubMed

    Fishman, Ronald S

    2010-09-01

    Premature closure of one coronal skull suture produces a characteristic arching or relative elevation of the superior orbital rim on the involved side. This sign is associated with facial asymmetry, and both signs are usually the most conspicuous features in patients with mild unilateral coronal craniosynostosis. Photographs suggest that at least 9 individuals over 5 generations of the Abraham Lincoln family had premature closure of 1 coronal suture. In 8 males, there was involvement of the left side; in 1 female, there was involvement of the right side. PMID:20856045

  15. Abraham Flexner and the black medical schools. 1992.

    PubMed Central

    Savitt, Todd

    2006-01-01

    "Abraham Flexner and the Black Medical Schools" first appeared in Beyond Flexner: Medical Education in the Twentieth Century, Barbara Barzansky and Norman Gevitz, eds. Copyright 1992 by Barbara Barzansky and Norman Gevitz. Reproduced with permission of Greenwood Publishing Group Inc., Westport, CT. The article will be reprinted in a collection of the author's writings on African-American medical history called Race and Medicine in Nineteenth- and Early-Twentieth-Century America, to be published in December 2006 by Kent State University Press and published here with permission of the Kent State University Press. PMID:17019906

  16. Mario Bunge, Systematic Philosophy and Science Education: An Introduction

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Matthews, Michael R.

    2012-10-01

    Mario Bunge was born in Argentina in 1919 and is now in his mid-90s. He studied atomic physics and quantum mechanics with Guido Beck (1903-1988), an Austrian refugee and student of Heisenberg. Additionally he studied modern philosophy in an environment that was a philosophical backwater becoming the first South American philosopher of science to be trained in science. His publications in physics, philosophy, psychology, sociology and the foundations of biology, are staggering in number, and include a massive 8-volume Treatise on Philosophy. The unifying thread of his scholarship is the constant and vigorous advancement of the Enlightenment Project, and criticism of cultural and academic movements that deny or devalue the core planks of the project: namely its naturalism, the search for truth, the universality of science, the value of rationality, and respect for individuals. At a time when specialisation is widely decried, and its deleterious effects on science, philosophy of science, educational research and science teaching are recognised, and at a time when `grand narratives' are thought both undesirable and impossible—it is salutary to appraise the fruits of one person's pursuit of the `Big' scientific and philosophical picture or grand narrative. In doing so this special issue brings together philosophers, physicists, biologists, sociologists, logicians, cognitive scientists, economists and mathematicians to examine facets of Mario Bunge's systematic philosophy and to appraise its contribution to important issues in current philosophy and, by implication, education.

  17. Comments on initial conditions for the Abraham-Lorentz(-Dirac) equation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Birnholtz, Ofek

    2015-01-01

    An accelerating electric charge coupled to its own electromagnetic field both emits radiation and experiences the radiation's reaction as a (self-)force. Considering the system from an Effective Field Theory perspective, and using the physical initial conditions of no incoming radiation can help resolve many of the problems associated with the often considered "notorious" Abraham-Lorentz/Abraham-Lorentz-Dirac equations.

  18. Abraham Lincoln did not have type 5 spinocerebellar ataxia.

    PubMed

    Sotos, John G

    2009-10-20

    An autosomal dominant genetic disorder, type 5 spinocerebellar ataxia (SCA5), occurs in multiple descendants of one paternal uncle and one paternal aunt of President Abraham Lincoln. It has been suggested that Lincoln himself had the disease and that his DNA should be tested for an SCA5-conferring gene. Herein, I review the pertinent phenotypes of Lincoln, his father, and his paternal grandmother, and conclude that 1) Lincoln's father did not have SCA5, and, therefore, that Lincoln was not at special risk of the disease; 2) Lincoln had neither subclinical nor visible manifestations of SCA5; 3) little evidence suggests SCA5 is a "Lincolnian" disorder; and 4) without additional evidence, Lincoln's DNA should not be tested for SCA5. PMID:19841386

  19. Mission Specialists Mario Runco and Greg Harbaugh suiting up for EVA.

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1993-01-01

    Candid view of EVA Mission Specialists Mario Runco and Greg Harbaugh suiting up for EVA in the middeck with the assistance of Mission Specialist Susan Helms (reviewing the operation with a procedural checklist).

  20. Detection of the Abraham force with a succession of short optical pulses

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Brevik, Iver; Ellingsen, Simen Å.

    2012-08-01

    For over a century, two rival descriptions of electromagnetic field momentum in matter have coexisted, due to Abraham and Minkowski, respectively. We propose a setup for measuring the difference between Abraham's and Minkowski's predictions in optics. To wit, a setup is proposed in which the transient “Abraham force,” a consequence of the Abraham energy-momentum tensor of 1909, may be measured directly. We show that when a train of short laser pulses is sent through a fiber wound up on a cylindrical drum, the Abraham theory predicts a torque, which, by inserting realistic parameters, is found to be detectable. Indeed, the same torque when calculated with the Minkowski tensor takes the opposite sign. Numerical estimates show that with a typical torsion pendulum setup and standard laser parameters, the angular deflection is in the order of 10-3 rad, which is easily measurable and even visible to the naked eye. Although its prediction is a century old, the Abraham force has proven experimentally elusive, and to our knowledge no macroscopic experimental demonstration of the difference between the predictions of the two mentioned energy-momentum tensors exists at optical frequencies.

  1. Motivating Calculus-Based Kinematics Instruction with Super Mario Bros

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Nordine, Jeffrey C.

    2011-09-01

    High-quality physics instruction is contextualized, motivates students to learn, and represents the discipline as a way of investigating the world rather than as a collection of facts and equations. Inquiry-oriented pedagogy, such as problem-based instruction, holds great promise for both teaching physics content and representing the process of doing real science.2 A challenge for physics teachers is to find instructional contexts that are meaningful, accessible, and motivating for students. Today's students are spending a growing fraction of their lives interacting with virtual environments, and these environments—physically realistic or not—can provide valuable contexts for physics explorations3-5 and lead to thoughtful discussions about decisions that programmers make when designing virtual environments. In this article, I describe a problem-based approach to calculus-based kinematics instruction that contextualizes students' learning within the Super Mario Bros. video game—a game that is more than 20 years old, but still remarkably popular with today's high school and college students.

  2. Symmetric energy-momentum tensor: The Abraham form and the explicitly covariant formula

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Nesterenko, V. V.; Nesterenko, A. V.

    2016-03-01

    We compare the known in literature, explicitly covariant 4-dimensional formula for the symmetric energy-momentum tensor of electromagnetic field in a medium and the energy-momentum tensor derived by Abraham in the 3-dimensional vector form. It is shown that these two objects coincide only on the physical configuration space Γ ¯ , formed by the field vectors and the velocity of the medium, which satisfy the Minkowski constitutive relations. It should be emphasized that the 3-dimensional vector formulae for the components of the energy-momentum tensor were obtained by Abraham only on Γ ¯ , and the task of their extension to the whole unconditional configuration space Γ was not posed. In order to accomplish the comparison noted above, we derive the covariant formula a new by another method, namely, by generalizing the Abraham reasoning. The comparison conducted enables one to treat the explicitly covariant formula as a unique consistent extension of the Abraham formulae to the whole configuration space Γ. Thus the question concerning the relativistic covariance of the original 3-dimensional Abraham formulae defined on Γ ¯ is solved positively. We discuss in detail the relativistic covariance of the 3-dimensional vector formulae for individual components of the 4-dimensional tensors in electrodynamics which is manifested in the form-invariance of these formulae under Lorentz transformations.

  3. Non-polynomial extensions of solvable potentials à la Abraham-Moses

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Odake, Satoru; Sasaki, Ryu

    2013-10-01

    Abraham-Moses transformations, besides Darboux transformations, are well-known procedures to generate extensions of solvable potentials in one-dimensional quantum mechanics. Here we present the explicit forms of infinitely many seed solutions for adding eigenstates at arbitrary real energy through the Abraham-Moses transformations for typical solvable potentials, e.g., the radial oscillator, the Darboux-Pöschl-Teller, and some others. These seed solutions are simple generalisations of the virtual state wavefunctions, which are obtained from the eigenfunctions by discrete symmetries of the potentials. The virtual state wavefunctions have been an essential ingredient for constructing multi-indexed Laguerre and Jacobi polynomials through multiple Darboux-Crum transformations. In contrast to the Darboux transformations, the virtual state wavefunctions generate non-polynomial extensions of solvable potentials through the Abraham-Moses transformations.

  4. [The role of Karl Abraham in the Rank crisis of 1924. A new perspective].

    PubMed

    Zienert-Eilts, Karin

    2010-01-01

    Up to this day Abraham's image is tainted by the accusations of "intrigue" and "denunciation" etc. launched by Rank and Ferenczi against him in early 1924. The author examines the origin of these accusations, retracing the events of January to April 1924 with the help of both circular letters and private correspondence. They were the climax of certain developments within the so-called "Secret Committee" which, for a number of reasons, escalated at that time. One essential factor was the multi-layered structure of the Committee's information and communication system. The letter to Freud, in which Abraham formulated his criticism of Rank, culminating in a comparison with Jung, proves to be an answer to a request by Freud. Abraham's constant efforts to solve the conflict within the Committee, an aspect ignored in previous research, was lost in the emotional dynamics of the group process. PMID:21560370

  5. Karl Abraham's revolution of 1916: from sensual sucking to the oral-aggressive wish of destruction.

    PubMed

    May, Ulrike

    2012-01-01

    The author argues that "The First Pregenital Stage of the Libido" (Abraham 1916-1917) expounds a new conception of orality, i.e., of purposeful oral aggression directed against an object during the first stage of psychic development. This conception is shown to be contrary to Freud's view of orality as elaborated in Three Essays on the Theory of Sexuality (1905), as well as in other writings of late 1914 and 1915. Abraham's conception ignores fundamental dimensions of Freud's thinking during these years, namely, the difference between autoerotism/narcissism and object love, on the one hand, and also between the leading role of sexuality and the secondary role of aggression, on the other. Thus, Abraham's thinking represents a basic theoretical change that had far-reaching consequences for psychoanalytic practice. PMID:22423435

  6. Non-polynomial extensions of solvable potentials à la Abraham-Moses

    SciTech Connect

    Odake, Satoru; Sasaki, Ryu; Center for Theoretical Sciences, National Taiwan University, Taipei 10617, Taiwan

    2013-10-15

    Abraham-Moses transformations, besides Darboux transformations, are well-known procedures to generate extensions of solvable potentials in one-dimensional quantum mechanics. Here we present the explicit forms of infinitely many seed solutions for adding eigenstates at arbitrary real energy through the Abraham-Moses transformations for typical solvable potentials, e.g., the radial oscillator, the Darboux-Pöschl-Teller, and some others. These seed solutions are simple generalisations of the virtual state wavefunctions, which are obtained from the eigenfunctions by discrete symmetries of the potentials. The virtual state wavefunctions have been an essential ingredient for constructing multi-indexed Laguerre and Jacobi polynomials through multiple Darboux-Crum transformations. In contrast to the Darboux transformations, the virtual state wavefunctions generate non-polynomial extensions of solvable potentials through the Abraham-Moses transformations.

  7. U.S. Medical Education Reformers Abraham Flexner (1866-1959) and Simon Flexner (1863-1946).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Parker, Franklin; Parker, Betty J.

    This paper (in the form of a dialogue) tells the stories of two members of a remarkable family of nine children, the Flexners of Louisville, Kentucky. The paper focuses on Abraham and Simon, who were reformers in the field of medical education in the United States. The dialogue takes Abraham Flexner through his undergraduate education at Johns…

  8. Astronauts Mario Runco, Jr. and Andrew S. W. Thomas, both mission specialists, pose for photo while

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1996-01-01

    STS-77 ESC VIEW --- Astronauts Mario Runco, Jr. and Andrew S. W. Thomas, both mission specialists, pose for photo while in the mid-deck of the Earth-orbiting Space Shuttle Endeavour. The scene was recorded with an Electronic Still Camera (ESC).

  9. Astronaut Mario Runco Jr., mission specialist, looks through the second view port inside the

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1996-01-01

    STS-77 ESC VIEW --- Astronaut Mario Runco Jr., mission specialist, looks through the second view port inside the Spacehab Module onboard the Earth-orbiting Space Shuttle Endeavour. Runco was documenting Spartan 207/Inflatable Antenna Experiment (IAE) activities at the time. The scene was recorded with an Electronic Still Camera (ESC).

  10. Canonizing Latin American Literature: Gabriel Garcia Marquez and Mario Vargas Llosa Enter the English Curriculum.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cellini, Alva V.

    As Latin American literature progressively enters into the English curriculum, two writers deserve special commentary for their representative contribution to the literary world. Through their works, the Columbian author, Gabriel Garcia Marquez, and the Peruvian author, Mario Vargas Llosa clearly convey the Latin American writer's desire to be…

  11. Paul Abraham: A Forgotten Scholar of the Prussian Academy of Sciences and Humanities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Thiel, Jens

    2004-01-01

    Paul Abraham, one of the Berlin Academy's most experienced researchers, was deported to Auschwitz in 1943. The fate of this Jewish scholar reveals much about the inner life of the Academy, and its treatment of Jewish staff, during the World War II. This paper describes his life, against a backdrop of war, revolution, and dictatorship, and in the…

  12. Abraham Lincoln and Harry Potter: Children's Differentiation between Historical and Fantasy Characters

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Corriveau, Kathleen H.; Kim, Angie L.; Schwalen, Courtney E.; Harris, Paul L.

    2009-01-01

    Based on the testimony of others, children learn about a variety of figures that they never meet. We ask when and how they are able to differentiate between the historical figures that they learn about (e.g., Abraham Lincoln) and fantasy characters (e.g., Harry Potter). Experiment 1 showed that both younger (3- and 4-year-olds) and older children…

  13. 76 FR 12821 - 150th Anniversary of the Inauguration of Abraham Lincoln

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-03-09

    ... two hundred and thirty-fifth. (Presidential Sig.) [FR Doc. 2011-5550 Filed 3-8-11; 8:45 am] Billing... Lincoln By the President of the United States of America A Proclamation President Abraham Lincoln is.... President Lincoln reminded us in his Inaugural Address that America's Union was much older than...

  14. Abraham Lincoln and Harry Potter: Children's Differentiation between Historical and Fantasy Characters

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Corriveau, Kathleen H.; Kim, Angie L.; Schwalen, Courtney E.; Harris, Paul L.

    2009-01-01

    Based on the testimony of others, children learn about a variety of figures that they never meet. We ask when and how they are able to differentiate between the historical figures that they learn about (e.g., Abraham Lincoln) and fantasy characters (e.g., Harry Potter). Experiment 1 showed that both younger (3- and 4-year-olds) and older children…

  15. Hereditary premature closure of a coronal suture in the Abraham Lincoln family.

    PubMed

    Fishman, Ronald S

    2013-10-01

    The most easily recognized facial features of unilateral premature closure of a coronal suture in the skull are an upward arching of the superior orbital rim and a smaller face on the involved side. Photographs indicate that at least 9 individuals over 5 generations of the Abraham Lincoln family showed this anomaly. PMID:23856133

  16. Anatomy of a Masterpiece: A Close Textual Analysis of Abraham Lincoln's Second Inaugural Address.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Slagell, Amy R.

    1991-01-01

    States that Abraham Lincoln's second inaugural address is a recognized rhetorical masterpiece. Accounts for this recognition by examining the text microscopically. Uses the method of close textual analysis that explores the inner workings of the text to discover the complexity of Lincoln's masterwork. (PRA)

  17. Electromagnetic Momentum in Magnetic Media and the Abraham-Minkowski Controversy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jimenez, J. L.; Campos, I.; Lopez-Marino, M. A.

    2011-01-01

    We explore the consequences of a force density, [image omitted], studied by some authors, for the device designed by Lai (1980 "Am. J. Phys. 48" 658) to analyse which definition of electromagnetic momentum density, either Minkowski's or Abraham's, is consistent with mechanical torques that arise from the change in time of a magnetic field, which…

  18. Electromagnetic Momentum in Magnetic Media and the Abraham-Minkowski Controversy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jimenez, J. L.; Campos, I.; Lopez-Marino, M. A.

    2011-01-01

    We explore the consequences of a force density, [image omitted], studied by some authors, for the device designed by Lai (1980 "Am. J. Phys. 48" 658) to analyse which definition of electromagnetic momentum density, either Minkowski's or Abraham's, is consistent with mechanical torques that arise from the change in time of a magnetic field, which…

  19. Technology Staff-Development and Support Programs: Applying Abraham Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bailey, Gerald D.; Pownell, David

    1998-01-01

    Presents Abraham Maslow's hierarchy of needs (physiological, safety, belonging, esteem, self-actualization) as a model for developing technology training and support for teachers, identifies basic technology-related needs that must be met before higher levels of technology integration can be achieved, and offers seven implications to help…

  20. Technology Staff-Development and Support Programs: Applying Abraham Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bailey, Gerald D.; Pownell, David

    1998-01-01

    Presents Abraham Maslow's hierarchy of needs (physiological, safety, belonging, esteem, self-actualization) as a model for developing technology training and support for teachers, identifies basic technology-related needs that must be met before higher levels of technology integration can be achieved, and offers seven implications to help…

  1. On the Space Shuttle Endeavour's aft flight deck, astronaut Mario Runco, Jr., mission specialist,

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1996-01-01

    STS-77 ESC VIEW --- On the Space Shuttle Endeavour's aft flight deck, astronaut Mario Runco, Jr., mission specialist, grabs a hand-held 70mm camera and prepares to take still pictures of an Earth observation target of opportunity. A pair of windows just out of frame above Runco's head provide the crew members with a prime operating perspective of Earth observation targets. A crew mate exposed the image with an Electronic Still Camera (ESC).

  2. Wearing a training version of the Extravehicular Mobility Unit (EMU) space suit, astronaut Mario

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1995-01-01

    STS-77 TRAINING VIEW --- Wearing a training version of the Extravehicular Mobility Unit (EMU) space suit, astronaut Mario Runco, mission specialist, prepares to participate in an underwater rehearsal of a contingency Extravehicular Activity (EVA). This type of training routinely takes place in the 25-feet deep pool of the Johnson Space Centers (JSC) Weightless Environment Training Center (WET-F). The training prepares at least two crew members on each flight for procedures to follow outside the spacecraft in event of failure of remote methods to perform various chores.

  3. The role of Abraham Lincoln in securing a charter for a homeopathic medical college.

    PubMed

    Spiegel, Allen D; Kavaler, Florence

    2002-10-01

    In 1854, Abraham Lincoln was retained to prepare a state legislative proposal to charter a homeopathic medical college in Chicago. This was a complex task in view of the deep-seated animosity between allopathic or orthodox medical practitioners and irregular healers. Homeopathy was regarded as a cult by the nascent American Medical Association. In addition, the poor reputation of medical education in the United States in general, further complicated the project. Lincoln and influential individuals in Illinois lobbied legislators and succeeded in securing the charter. Subsequently, the Hahnemann Homeopathic Medical College accepted its first class in 1860 and with its successors remained in existence for almost sixty-five years. PMID:12238734

  4. The Solar Tower at Monte Mario: a New Didactic Laboratory for Astronomy

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    D'Alessio, F.; Faccini, M.; Leoni, R.; Giobbi, G.

    The year 2009 witnessed the restoration of the Solar Tower of Astronomical Observatory of Rome, in the INAF main office of Villa Mellini, Monte Mario. This structure underwent a patient restructuring of optics, mechanics and control equipment. Moreover, some areas have been converted into welcome centre for the visitors, so as to transform a scientific instrument - which was active up to a few years ago - into a didactic structure, mainly suitable for school groups. The Solar Tower of Monte Mario, which has been open to the public since January 2010, allows visitors to directly observe the Sun, as well as the spectrum of its light. The Tower therefore becomes an effective didactic instrument in order to teach and talk about a wide range of scientific topics - from Solar Physics to Sun-Earth interactions, to Stellar Evolution. Here we describe the work done by the DivA group of INAF-OAR for putting back into service the Solar Tower, from the technical and didactic viewpoints. We shall also take stock of the activities organized in the first few months of activity.

  5. Sir Edward Abraham's contribution to the development of the cephalosporins: a reassessment.

    PubMed

    Hamilton-Miller, J M

    2000-08-01

    This paper is based on an invited lecture given at the 21st International Congress of Chemotherapy in July 1999, as part of a Symposium entitled '50 years of cephalosporins: their use the next 50 years', (Hamilton-Miller JMT, Cephalosporins: from mould to drug. Sardinia to Oxford and beyond, J Antimicr Chemother 1999;44(A):26). Celebration of this Golden Anniversary was made more poignant by the death of the last major participant, Sir Edward Abraham, in May 1999. This history has been told before, but mainly by Sir Edward, who being a very modest man (to which his obituaries graphically attest) consistently underplayed the role that he and Newton had in the discovery of cephalosporin C, that led to all the cephalosporins now in use. I had the privilege of working at the Dunn School from 1967 to 1970, with Abraham and Newton, where I met Brotzu, Florey and Dorothy Hodgkin, all of whom had important roles in this story. Other workers at the Dunn School at that time, e.g. Heatley, Sanders and Jennings (who became Lady Florey), helped develop penicillin. Such a galaxy of stars of the antibiotic firmament will never again be assembled. "Let us now praise famous men... these were honoured in their generation, and were the glory of their times" - Ecclesiasticus XLIV. vv 1.7. PMID:10926439

  6. Application of axiomatic formal theory to the Abraham-Minkowski controversy

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Crenshaw, Michael

    Continuum electrodynamics is an axiomatic formal theory whose axioms are the macroscopic Maxwell equations. We demonstrate that valid theorems of the formal theory are inconsistent with conservation laws and with special relativity because continuum electrodynamics allows transformations of the Maxwell equations that constitute an improper tensor transformation that changes the conservation properties, the relativity properties, and the space-time embedding of the coupled equations of motion. The inconsistencies are resolved by a reformulation of physical principles in a flat non-Minkowski material spacetime in which the timelike coordinate corresponds to ct/n. Applying Lagrangian field theory, we derive equations of motion for the macroscopic electric and magnetic fields in a simple dielectric medium. We construct a new formal theory of continuum electrodynamics and we derive a tensor energy-momentum continuity theorem that trivially resolves the century-old Abraham-Minkowski momentum controversy. We derive the theory of special relativity in a dielectric, including the material Lorentz factor and the material Lorentz transformation. We derive the momentum of a polariton in the context of material special relativity to confirm the resolution of the Abraham-Minkowski debate.

  7. Psycho-Neural Identity as the Basis for Empirical Research and Theorization in Psychology: An Interview with Mario A. Bunge

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Virues-Ortega, Javier; Hurtado-Parrado, Camilo; Martin, Toby L.; Julio, Flavia

    2012-01-01

    Mario Bunge is one of the most prolific philosophers of our time. Over the past sixty years he has written extensively about semantics, ontology, epistemology, philosophy of science and ethics. Bunge has been interested in the philosophical and methodological implications of modern psychology and more specifically in the philosophies of the…

  8. Psycho-Neural Identity as the Basis for Empirical Research and Theorization in Psychology: An Interview with Mario A. Bunge

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Virues-Ortega, Javier; Hurtado-Parrado, Camilo; Martin, Toby L.; Julio, Flavia

    2012-01-01

    Mario Bunge is one of the most prolific philosophers of our time. Over the past sixty years he has written extensively about semantics, ontology, epistemology, philosophy of science and ethics. Bunge has been interested in the philosophical and methodological implications of modern psychology and more specifically in the philosophies of the…

  9. Development of skill of children in the performance of the family computer game "Super Mario Brothers".

    PubMed

    Kawashima, T; Satake, H; Ueki, S; Tajima, C; Matsunami, K

    1991-12-01

    The development of skill of children in the performance of a family computer game (Super Mario Brothers) was investigated among three groups of different age: kindergarten children (6 years old) and primary school children (9 and 12 years old). The skill to perform the game with either hand was evaluated by the mean scores gained by the children. In the normal (right and dominant) situation, the mean score improved significantly with advancement of age. Similar was true in the reversed (left hand dominant) situation, but more distinctly. The mean scores were significantly higher in the normal than in the reversed situations. The experienced children were superior to the inexperienced children in playing the game. The correlation between the reaction time and the game score was also investigated with the same subjects for the 9- and 12-year-old school children. Almost no correlation could be elucidated. PMID:1842968

  10. A Brief Analysis of Abraham Maslow's Original Writing of "Self-Actualizing People: A Study of Psychological Health"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Francis, Nedra H.; Kritsonis, William Allan

    2006-01-01

    This article analyzes Abraham Maslow's original writing of "Self-Actualizing People: A Study of Psychological Health." The review of literature in this article reveals that Maslow's hierarchy of needs have had profound effects in the area of psychology. In addition, the authors present information regarding self-actualized people, theorists of…

  11. In Favour of a Multi-Method Approach to Differentiation-Polarization Theory-Building: A Response to Abraham

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Van Houtte, Mieke

    2007-01-01

    This response to the comment of Abraham on Van Houtte's study within the differentiation-polarization tradition discusses the difference between her quantitative study and the ethnographic tradition. The quantification of the polarization part of the theory--the anti-school culture--makes it possible to merge the differentiation-polarization…

  12. Abraham Lincoln, Laurent Clerc, and the Design of the World: Lincoln Day Address at Gallaudet University, February 11, 2009

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Baynton, Douglas C.

    2010-01-01

    Protestant ministers often construct their sermons around a text from the Bible that they expand upon to make some broader point. In the nineteenth century, public speakers frequently used the same rhetorical formula, taking their text not necessarily from the Bible but from any well-known source. In his famous Cooper Union speech of 1860, Abraham…

  13. Religion, Sexuality, and Internalized Homonegativity: Confronting Cognitive Dissonance in the Abrahamic Religions.

    PubMed

    Meladze, Pikria; Brown, Jac

    2015-10-01

    This research was aimed at investigating how religious beliefs and internalized shame predicted homonegativity. An online survey, which consisted of a self-report questionnaire assessing religious orientation, internalized shame, and internalized homonegativity, was completed by 133 Caucasian and Asian gay men. The respondents also were asked to write a short answer in which they had to explain how they integrated their religion and sexual practices. The quantitative analyses of data demonstrated no significant difference in internalized homonegativity among the two cultural groups. Internalized homonegativity was predicted by the main Abrahamic faiths (i.e. Christianity, Islam, and Judaism) and internalized shame. Qualitative analysis showed that gay men who adhere to a monotheistic religious faith follow a different path to reconciling their religion and homosexuality compared to gay men who adhere to Philosophical/New Age religions or to gay men who have no religious faith. The implications of these findings as well as directions for future research studies were discussed. PMID:25772199

  14. Abraham Lincoln's marfanoid mother: the earliest known case of multiple endocrine neoplasia type 2B?

    PubMed

    Sotos, John G

    2012-07-01

    The nature and cause of President Abraham Lincoln's unusual physical features have long been debated, with the greatest attention directed at two monogenic disorders of the transforming growth factor β system: Marfan syndrome and multiple endocrine neoplasia type 2B. The present report examines newly discovered phenotypic information about Lincoln's biological mother, Nancy Hanks Lincoln, and concludes that (a) Lincoln's mother was skeletally marfanoid, (b) the President and his mother were highly concordant for the presence of numerous facial features found in various transforming growth factor β disorders, and (c) Lincoln's mother, like her son, had hypotonic skeletal muscles, resulting in myopathic facies and 'pseudodepression'. These conclusions establish that mother and son had the same monogenic autosomal dominant marfanoid disorder. A description of Nancy Hanks Lincoln as coarse-featured, and a little-known statement that a wasting disease contributed to her death at age 34, lends support to the multiple endocrine neoplasia type 2B hypothesis. PMID:22504423

  15. Abraham Lincoln's blue pills. Did our 16th president suffer from mercury poisoning?

    PubMed

    Hirschhorn, N; Feldman, R G; Greaves, I A

    2001-01-01

    It is well known that Abraham Lincoln took a medicine called "blue mass" or "blue pill," commonly prescribed in the 19th century. What is now hardly known is that the main ingredient of blue mass was finely dispersed elemental mercury. As his friends understood, mercury was often prescribed for melancholy or "hypochondriasis," a condition Lincoln famously endured. Mercury in the form of the blue pill is a potential neurotoxin, which we have demonstrated by recreating and testing the recipe. We present the testimony of many of Lincoln's contemporaries to suggest that Lincoln suffered the neurobehavioural consequences of mercury intoxication but, perhaps crucial to history, before the main years of his presidency; he was astute enough to recognize the effects and stop the medication soon after his inauguration. PMID:11482002

  16. Reduced-order Abraham-Lorentz-Dirac equation and the consistency of classical electromagnetism

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Steane, Andrew M.

    2015-03-01

    It is widely believed that classical electromagnetism is either unphysical or inconsistent, owing to pathological behavior when self-force and radiation reaction are non-negligible. We argue that there is no inconsistency as long as it is recognized that certain types of charge distribution are simply impossible, such as, for example, a point particle with finite charge and finite inertia. This is owing to the fact that negative inertial mass is an unphysical concept in classical physics. It remains useful to obtain an equation of motion for small charged objects that describes their motion to good approximation without requiring knowledge of the charge distribution within the object. We give a simple method to achieve this, leading to a reduced-order form of the Abraham-Lorentz-Dirac equation, essentially as proposed by Eliezer, Landau, and Lifshitz and derived by Ford and O'Connell.

  17. Carrier hopping in disordered semiconducting polymers: How accurate is the Miller-Abrahams model?

    SciTech Connect

    Vukmirovic, Nenad; Wang, Lin-Wang

    2010-07-30

    We performed direct calculations of carrier hopping rates in strongly disordered conjugated polymers based on the atomic structure of the system, the corresponding electronic states and their coupling to all phonon modes. We found that the dependence of hopping rates on distance and the dependence of the mobility on temperature are significantly different than the ones stemming from the simple Miller-Abrahams model, regardless of the choice of the parameters in the model. A model that satisfactorily describes the hopping rates in the system and avoids the explicit calculation of electron-phonon coupling constants was then proposed and verified. Our results indicate that, in addition to electronic density of states, the phonon density of states and the spatial overlap of the wavefunctions are the quantities necessary to properly describe carrier hopping in disordered conjugated polymers.

  18. Relativistic Dynamics of a Charged Sphere. Updating the Lorentz-Abraham Model.

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yaghjian, Arthur D.

    "This is a remarkable book. […] A fresh and novel approach to old problems and to their solution." Fritz Rohrlich, Emeritus Professor of Physics, Syracuse University This book takes a fresh, systematic approach to determining the equation of motion for the classical model of the electron introduced by Lorentz more than 100 years ago. The original derivations of Lorentz, Abraham, Poincaré and Schott are modified and generalized for the charged insulator model of the electron to obtain an equation of motion consistent with causal solutions to the Maxwell-Lorentz equations and the equations of special relativity. The solutions to the resulting equation of motion are free of pre-acceleration and runaway behavior. Binding forces and a total stress momentum energy tensor are derived for the charged insulator model. General expressions for synchrotron radiation emerge in a form convenient for determining the motion of the electron. Appendices provide simplified derivations of the self-force and power at arbitrary velocity. In this Second Edition, the method used for eliminating the noncausal pre-acceleration from the equation of motion has been generalized to eliminate pre-deceleration as well. The generalized method is applied to obtain the causal solution to the equation of motion of a charge accelerating in a uniform electric field for a finite time interval. Alternative derivations of the Landau-Lifshitz approximation to the Lorentz-Abraham-Dirac equation of motion are also given, along with Spohn’s elegant solution of this approximate equation for a charge moving in a uniform magnetic field. The book is a valuable resource for students and researchers in physics, engineering and the history of science.

  19. Resposta do detector de ondas gravitacionais Mario Schenberg ao "ringdown" de buraco negros

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Costa, C. A.; Aguiar, O. D.; Magalhães, N. S.

    2003-08-01

    Acredita-se que quando duas estrelas de nêutrons coalescem, elas, eventualmente, formam um buraco negro com massa igual a soma das massas dos objetos originais. Durante a formação do buraco negro, o espaço-tempo em torno do sistema sofre perturbações que se propagam na forma de radiação gravitacional. A forma de onda associada a radiação gravitacional, durante este estágio, aproxima-se a uma senóide exponencialmente amortecida. Este tipo de sinal é conhecido como "ringdown", e seu comportamento e parametrização são muito bem conhecidos. Neste trabalho, simulamos computacionalmente sinais provenientes do "ringdown" de buracos negros, com a finalidade de testar o desempenho do detector de ondas gravitacionais Mario Schenberg em observá-los, quando entrar em funcionamento. Este primeiro teste teórico ajudou-nos a criar estratégias de detecção de sinais imersos no ruído instrumental. Calculamos a relação sinal-ruído como uma função da frequência, bem como sua integral dentro da faixa de sensibilidade do detector. Os resultados obtidos mostraram que o detector Schenberg terá sensibilidade suficiente para detectar este tipo de sinal, proveniente de fontes astrofísicas localizadas dentro de um raio de ~100kpc.

  20. Abraham Lincoln loses a medical malpractice case, debates Stephen A. Douglas, and secures two murder acquittals.

    PubMed

    Spiegel, Allen D; Kavaler, Florence

    2004-02-01

    An improperly healed fracture was the most common reason for the medical malpractice crisis between the 1830s and 1860s in the United States. As a practicing lawyer in Illinois, Abraham Lincoln defended physicians in medical malpractice law suits. One of these was Dr. Powers Ritchey, who was sued for malpractice in 1855. Lincoln agreed to represent Dr. Ritchey in 1858 as the case was appealed to the supreme court of Illinois. In the interim, Lincoln defended two indicted murderers and won acquittals for both. Between the two murder trials, Lincoln debated Stephen A. Douglas while running for U.S. Senator from Illinois. Lincoln believed that Ritchey's case was poorly represented in the lower court. Ritchey's prior attorneys did not file a bill of exceptions to the testimony of the plaintiff's expert medical witnesses. Lincoln attempted to rebut the allegation of a lack of reasonable medical care and diligence by Ritchey, and he sought to secure a new trial for his client. In its decision, the supreme court of Illinois did not find any error and affirmed the lower court's judgment. PMID:14768936

  1. Abraham Lincoln and Harry Potter: children's differentiation between historical and fantasy characters.

    PubMed

    Corriveau, Kathleen H; Kim, Angie L; Schwalen, Courtney E; Harris, Paul L

    2009-11-01

    Based on the testimony of others, children learn about a variety of figures that they never meet. We ask when and how they are able to differentiate between the historical figures that they learn about (e.g., Abraham Lincoln) and fantasy characters (e.g., Harry Potter). Experiment 1 showed that both younger (3- and 4-year-olds) and older children (5-, 6-, and 7-year-olds) understand the status of familiar figures, correctly judging historical figures to be real and fictional figures to be pretend. However, when presented with information about novel figures embedded in either a realistic narrative or a narrative with obvious fantasy elements, only older children used the narrative to make an appropriate assessment of the status of the protagonist. In Experiment 2, 3-, and 4-year-olds were prompted to judge whether the story events were really possible or not. Those who did so accurately were able to deploy that judgment to correctly assess the status of the protagonist. PMID:19766203

  2. Taxas de eventos para as fontes astrofísicas do detector Mario Schenberg

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Castro, C. S.; Araujo, J. C. N.; Miranda, O. D.; Aguiar, O. D.

    2003-08-01

    O detector de ondas gravitacionais Mario Schenberg será sensível a sinais que cheguem à Terra com amplitude h~10-21 e dentro da faixa em frequências que varia de 3,0 a 3,4 kHz. As principais fontes astrofísicas em condições de gerar um sinal detectável pela antena Schenberg são: colapsos estelares que produzam eventos do tipo supernova; instabilidades hidrodinâmicas em estrelas de nêutrons; excitação dos modos fluído (modos f) de estrelas de nêutrons; excitação dos primeiros modos quadrupolares de buracos negros com massa ~ 3,8 M¤; coalescências de estrelas de nêutrons e buracos negros em sistemas binários e, ainda, espiralações de mini-buracos negros. Neste trabalho nós determinamos as taxas de eventos para o Schenberg associadas a dois tipos de fontes: através da de-excitação dos modos f de estrelas de nêutrons e através da coalescência de mini-buracos negros de 0,5 M¤ (que atualmente têm sido colocados como possíveis candidatos a objetos massivos do halo Galáctico). Nós mostramos que esses tipos de fontes poderão produzir sinais em ondas gravitacionais com uma taxa em torno de um evento por ano dentro da banda do Schenberg.

  3. A pioneer of urologic surgery from a small town in Ontario, Canada: A tribute to Abraham Groves (1847–1935)

    PubMed Central

    Caumartin, Yves; McAlister, Vivian C.; Luke, Patrick P. W.

    2010-01-01

    Background: Abraham Groves worked as a general practitioner and surgeon in the small town of Fergus, Ontario, Canada. Several priority claims have been attributed to Groves’ life in surgery, including aseptic surgery (1874), appendectomy (1883) and the use of surgical gloves (1885). He was also an early practitioner of urological surgery. Objective: The purpose of this paper is to describe and objectively assess his contributions as a pioneer in urological surgery. Methods: A systematic search of contemporary journals was made for articles by or about Groves. These articles and his 1934 autobiography were reviewed. The information was assessed not only for priority, but also for the development of organized surgical principles and thought. Results: Groves published frequently throughout his career; up to this point, 36 papers have been identified. Groves’ claims are verifiable for aseptic surgery, which were the result of logical surgical thought and was practiced throughout his career. Contemporary publications support his early use of suprapubic lithotomy (1875), prostatotomy (1887), bladder repair (1892), urethral repair (1903), renal decapsulation (1905) and prostatectomy (1911). Conclusions: Despite his isolation, Abraham Groves independently developed a full range of surgical techniques and principles relevant to modern-day urology. His impact was reduced by the nature of the environment in which he worked and by the limited circulation of the journals in which he chose to publish. PMID:21191502

  4. Modeling self-potential data in the Abraham and Meadow-Hatton geothermal systems: The search for upflow zones

    SciTech Connect

    Schima, S.; Wilt, M.; Ross, H.

    1995-12-31

    Self-potential (SP) measurements may be used to locate up-flow zones in geothermal systems. As geothermal waters move beneath the surface, the resulting pressure and heat variations are seen as anomalies in the electrical currents that are measured within or at the surface. Beginning in 1991, Ross et al. collected SP data at Abraham and Meadow-Hatton Hot Springs, two of the largest thermal spring systems in Utah. In this paper, these data were modeled to determine upflow zones and source characteristics using a numerical modeling code. The code calculates the forward solution for fluid or heat flow models and the resulting self-potential anomalies. These results were matched to field data by iterative forward modeling; that is, we adjusted the model until field and numerical data agreed. At Abraham Hot Springs, a 3 km, north-south trending, dipolar anomaly was measured, centered on a suspected fault zone. The anomaly was not coincident with the hot springs themselves. Modeling indicates that the upflow originates from about 200 m depth, ascends up the fault zone to a shallow aquifer, where it then migrates eastward to outflow at the hot springs. At Meadow-Hatton Hot Springs, two closely spaced negative anomalies, also about 3 km long trending north-south, were modeled to show two upflow sources at about 200 m depth. The flow likely ascends up fractured zones until it reaches a shallow travertine layer and disperses laterally, with very little outflow at the hot springs at present.

  5. "To Garza's Barber Shop Goes All that Is Good and Bad": Hybrid Identity and Masculine Space in Mario Suarez's "El Hoyo" Story Cycle

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lambert, James S.

    2007-01-01

    In October of 2004, the University of Arizona Press published a short volume of Mario Suarez's short stories simply titled "Chicano Sketches." "Chicano Sketches" reflects the elusive nature of the stories themselves. Although Suarez himself probably would have considered his stories "sketches," they are much more polished, complete, and…

  6. Psycho-neural Identity as the Basis for Empirical Research and Theorization in Psychology: An Interview with Mario A. Bunge

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Virues-Ortega, Javier; Hurtado-Parrado, Camilo; Martin, Toby L.; Julio, Flávia

    2012-10-01

    Mario Bunge is one of the most prolific philosophers of our time. Over the past sixty years he has written extensively about semantics, ontology, epistemology, philosophy of science and ethics. Bunge has been interested in the philosophical and methodological implications of modern psychology and more specifically in the philosophies of the relation between the neural and psychological realms. According to Bunge, functionalism, the philosophical stand of current psychology, has limited explanatory power in that neural processes are not explicitly acknowledged as components or factors of psychological phenomena. In Matter and Mind (2010), Bunge has elaborated in great detail the philosophies of the mind-brain dilemma and the basis of the psychoneural identity hypothesis, which suggests that all psychological processes can be analysed in terms of neural and physical phenomena. This article is the result of a long interview with Dr. Bunge on psychoneural identity and brain-behaviour relations.

  7. The Lincoln Legal Papers Curriculum: Understanding Illinois Social History through Documents from the Law Practice of Abraham Lincoln, 1836-1861.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McBride, Lawrence W., Ed.; Drake, Frederick D., Ed.

    This curriculum considers the social history of Illinois during the years of 1836-1861 by studying Abraham Lincoln's legal papers from his time as a lawyer. Nearly 100,000 documents have been discovered in the archives of local, county, state, federal courts, libraries, and other repositories. The documents include detailed information about the…

  8. It Is My Desire to Be Free: Annie Davis's Letter to Abraham Lincoln and Winslow Homer's Painting "A Visit from the Old Mistress"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hussey, Michael; Eder, Elizabeth K.

    2010-01-01

    "Mr. President, It is my Desire to be free," wrote Annie Davis to Abraham Lincoln, 20 months after he issued the Emancipation Proclamation. The Emancipation Proclamation affected only those parts of the country that were in rebellion against the United States on the date it was issued, January 1, 1863. The slaveholding border states of Delaware,…

  9. It Is My Desire to Be Free: Annie Davis's Letter to Abraham Lincoln and Winslow Homer's Painting "A Visit from the Old Mistress"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hussey, Michael; Eder, Elizabeth K.

    2010-01-01

    "Mr. President, It is my Desire to be free," wrote Annie Davis to Abraham Lincoln, 20 months after he issued the Emancipation Proclamation. The Emancipation Proclamation affected only those parts of the country that were in rebellion against the United States on the date it was issued, January 1, 1863. The slaveholding border states of Delaware,…

  10. Modeling self-potential data in the Abraham and Meadow-Hatton geothermal systems: The search for upflow zones

    SciTech Connect

    Schima, S.; Wilt, M.; Ross, H.

    1995-07-01

    Computer code SPXCL is a finite difference modeling algorithm that calculates the response of embedded point sources within a rectangular, two-dimensional medium. The code calculates the electrical potential anywhere in the medium from thermal or pressure sources. This code is useful in calculating self-potential measurements that may be used to locate upflow zones in geothermal systems. Beginning in 1991 data on self-potential was collected at Abraham and Meadow-Hatton Hot Springs, two of the largest thermal spring systems in Utah. In this paper, these data were modeled to determine upflow zones and source characteristics using the SPXCL code. The forward solution for fluid and heat flow models and the resulting self-potential anomalies were calculated.

  11. On acoplamento mecânico entre a antena e o transdutor no detector de ondas gravitacionais Mario Schenberg

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Melo, J. L.; Aguiar, O. D.; Velloso, W. F., Jr.; Lucena, A. U.

    2003-08-01

    O detector de ondas gravitacionais MARIO SCHENBERG consistirá de uma massa esférica de cobre-alumínio de 1150kg resfriada a 4K, sobre a qual serão instalados 6 transdutores de nióbio. Com estes trandutores pretende-se converter um possível sinal de onda gravitacional detectado em sinal elétrico, para tanto é necessário que o acoplamento mecânico entre os transdutores e a massa ressonante seja o maior possível. Isto significa que o transdutor deve ser ressonante na mesma freqüência que a antena (aproximadamente 3200Hz). Neste trabalho foi desenvolvida uma geometria para a estrutura mecânica do trandutor. Isto foi feito criando-se modelos em elementos finitos usando-se o "software" MSC/Nastran. Estes modelos criados foram analisados estaticamente (cálculo de tensões) e dinamicamente (cálculo das freqüências de ressonâncias e seus respectivos modos normais) de maneira a se obter o primeiro modo normal do transdutor em 3200Hz. A partir destes cálculos escolheu-se a melhor geometria para o transdutor. Os próximos passos do trabalho serão: usinar este transdutor em uma barra de nióbio e testá-lo à temperatura ambiente e à baixa temperatura. Após isto, pretende-se testá-lo na própria antena resfriada.

  12. ["The future must look to the past"* : Prof. Dr. Abraham Aaron Buschke (1868-1943) and Wilhelm Ludwig Löwenstein (1895-1959)].

    PubMed

    Dräger, D L; Protzel, C; Hakenberg, O W

    2015-11-01

    Like many other areas of medicine, dermatology with its comparatively high proportion of Jewish physicians was also not spared from the National Socialist appointment policy with dismissals, laws on "appreciation of the people", research influenced by National Socialist policies, and persecution of Jewish physicians. Prof. Abraham Aaron Buschke and Dr. Wilhelm Ludwig Lowenstein, who were the first to describe the Buschke-Lowenstein tumor, also suffered this destiny. In March 1933, Professor Buschke was dismissed from the position of directing physician at the Virchow Hospital in Berlin and in 1934 his teaching license was revoked. Despite affidavits of his "loyalty to the regime", Dr. Lowenstein fared the same treatment. PMID:26450094

  13. Estudo de cavidade reentrante supercondutora a ser utilizada nos transdutores paramétricos do detector brasileiro de ondas gravitacionais Mario Schenberg

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ribeiro, K. L.; Furtado, S. R.; Aguiar, O. D.; Frajuca, C.

    2003-08-01

    Cavidades reentrantes de nióbio vêm sendo utilizadas pelo grupo Australiano nos transdutores eletromecânicos paramétricos do detector de ondas gravitacionais Niobè. Esses transdutores paramétricos são ativados por um sinal AC na faixa de microondas (banda X), que é modulado pelo sinal mecânico da vibração da antena esférica, com a variação de um parâmetro, que, no caso, é a capacitância da cavidade. Nós estudamos esse tipo de cavidade, com o objetivo de transformá-la de reentrante aberta para reentrante fechada, de forma a utilizá-la nos transdutores paramétricos do detector brasileiro Mario Schenberg. O desempenho do transdutor depende de alguns parâmetros da cavidade, como a sua Figura de Mérito (Q elétrico) e o seu acoplamento elétrico com o circuito externo. Neste trabalho mostramos a medida do Q elétrico como função do acoplamento, do acabamento superficial interno e do vazamento de microondas da cavidade, e mostramos o desempenho esperado para o detector Mario Schenberg usando uma cavidade supercondutora reentrante fechada de nióbio.

  14. Projeto do sistema anti-ressonante da fiação dos transdutores para o detector Mario Schenberg

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Vieira, S. J.., Jr.; Melo, J. L.

    2003-08-01

    O detector de ondas gravitacionais Mario Schenberg está sendo projetado e construído pelo grupo Gráviton. Sua construção está ocorrendo no Laboratório de Estado Sólido e Baixas Temperaturas (LESBT) da Universidade de São Paulo, na cidade de São Paulo. Esse detector possui uma massa ressonante esférica de cobre-alumínio, com 65 cm de diâmetro, pesando aproximadamente 1150 Kg, suspensa por um sistema de isolamento vibracional, que se encontra em fase de testes preliminares. A real eficácia desse sistema, entretanto, só poderá ser comprovada quando o detector estiver aparelhado com, pelo menos, um transdutor eletromecânico de altíssima sensibilidade acoplado à massa ressonante. Neste momento, não só este sistema de isolamento vibracional será posto em teste, como o do projeto da fiação que transporta os sinais de microondas até os transdutores e destes para a pré-amplificação. Apesar dessa fiação ter sido projetada para não apresentar nenhum contato com a superfície esférica da antena, de maneira a não haver nenhuma transmissão de ruído vibracional do laboratório para esta, deve-se minimizar o ruído microfônico produzido nessa fiação por oscilações mecânicas, uma vez que ela não utiliza nenhum sistema de isolamento vibracional. Com o intuito de resolver este problema, projetamos uma estrutura, formada por pequenos cilindros conectados por barras, a qual não terá nenhuma ressonância mecânica na faixa de freqüências de interesse para detecção (3000 - 3400 Hz). Desta forma, as vibrações nessa faixa não serão amplificadas. O projeto foi feito usando iterativamente, de maneira a otimizar os resultados obtidos, o programa de elementos finitos Msc/Nastran. Através de simulações feitas neste programa, determinamos os parâmetros geométricos ideais a serem utilizados, os quais proporcionam a maior região espectral de interesse livre de ressonâncias.

  15. Was Abraham Lincoln gay?

    PubMed

    Ferguson, Michael

    2010-01-01

    Scholars and historians are blind to Lincoln's same-sex inclinations in part because of a personal aversion to male homosexuality, but more importantly because they fail to perceive the vast differences between the sexual culture of antebellum America and that of our own time, especially in regard to male-male physical and emotional intimacy. This article brings those differences to light and sets Lincoln's life in the context of the sexual culture of his own time. This enables one to see that Lincoln's same-sex sexuality was not only unproblematic, but commonplace, if not typical, in his day. Revising the Myth of Lincoln in regard to his same-sex inclinations will have a positive effect on contemporary culture, especially on the education and socialization of young boys. PMID:20924927

  16. Lorentz-Abraham-Dirac versus Landau-Lifshitz radiation friction force in the ultrarelativistic electron interaction with electromagnetic wave (exact solutions)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bulanov, Sergei V.; Esirkepov, Timur Zh.; Kando, Masaki; Koga, James K.; Bulanov, Stepan S.

    2011-11-01

    When the parameters of electron-extreme power laser interaction enter the regime of dominated radiation reaction, the electron dynamics changes qualitatively. The adequate theoretical description of this regime becomes crucially important with the use of the radiation friction force either in the Lorentz-Abraham-Dirac form, which possesses unphysical runaway solutions, or in the Landau-Lifshitz form, which is a perturbation valid for relatively low electromagnetic wave amplitude. The goal of the present paper is to find the limits of the Landau-Lifshitz radiation force applicability in terms of the electromagnetic wave amplitude and frequency. For this, a class of the exact solutions to the nonlinear problems of charged particle motion in the time-varying electromagnetic field is used.

  17. Lorentz-Abraham-Dirac versus Landau-Lifshitz radiation friction force in the ultrarelativistic electron interaction with electromagnetic wave (exact solutions).

    PubMed

    Bulanov, Sergei V; Esirkepov, Timur Zh; Kando, Masaki; Koga, James K; Bulanov, Stepan S

    2011-11-01

    When the parameters of electron-extreme power laser interaction enter the regime of dominated radiation reaction, the electron dynamics changes qualitatively. The adequate theoretical description of this regime becomes crucially important with the use of the radiation friction force either in the Lorentz-Abraham-Dirac form, which possesses unphysical runaway solutions, or in the Landau-Lifshitz form, which is a perturbation valid for relatively low electromagnetic wave amplitude. The goal of the present paper is to find the limits of the Landau-Lifshitz radiation force applicability in terms of the electromagnetic wave amplitude and frequency. For this, a class of the exact solutions to the nonlinear problems of charged particle motion in the time-varying electromagnetic field is used. PMID:22181534

  18. Lorentz-Abraham-Dirac versus Landau-Lifshitz radiation friction force in the ultrarelativistic electron interaction with electromagnetic wave (exact solutions)

    SciTech Connect

    Bulanov, Sergei V.; Esirkepov, Timur Zh.; Kando, Masaki; Koga, James K.; Bulanov, Stepan S.

    2011-11-15

    When the parameters of electron-extreme power laser interaction enter the regime of dominated radiation reaction, the electron dynamics changes qualitatively. The adequate theoretical description of this regime becomes crucially important with the use of the radiation friction force either in the Lorentz-Abraham-Dirac form, which possesses unphysical runaway solutions, or in the Landau-Lifshitz form, which is a perturbation valid for relatively low electromagnetic wave amplitude. The goal of the present paper is to find the limits of the Landau-Lifshitz radiation force applicability in terms of the electromagnetic wave amplitude and frequency. For this, a class of the exact solutions to the nonlinear problems of charged particle motion in the time-varying electromagnetic field is used.

  19. Super Mario's prison break —A proposal of object-intelligent-feedback-based classical Zeno and anti-Zeno effects

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gu, Shi-Jian

    2009-10-01

    Super Mario is imprisoned by a demon in a finite potential well on his way to save Princess Peach. He can escape from the well with the help of a flight of magic stairs floating in the space. However, the hateful demon may occasionally check his status. At that time, he has to make a judgement of either jumping to the inside ground immediately in order to avoid the discovery of his escape intention, or speeding up his escape process. Therefore, if the demon checks him too frequently such that there is no probability for him to reach the top of the barrier, he will be always inside the well, then a classical Zeno effect occurs. On the other hand, if the time interval between two subsequent checks is large enough such that he has a higher probability of being beyond the demon's controllable range already, then the demon's check actually speeds up his escape and a classical anti-Zeno effect takes place.

  20. Abraham Flexner of Kentucky, his report, Medical Education in the United States and Canada, and the historical questions raised by the report.

    PubMed

    Halperin, Edward C; Perman, Jay A; Wilson, Emery A

    2010-02-01

    One hundred years ago, the time was right and the need was critical for medical education reform. Medical education had become a commercial enterprise with proprietary schools of variable quality, lectures delivered in crowded classrooms, and often no laboratory instruction or patient contact. Progress in science, technology, and the quality of medical care, along with political will and philanthropic support, contributed to the circumstances under which Abraham Flexner produced his report. Flexner was dismayed by the quality of many of the medical schools he visited in preparing the report. Many of the recommendations in Medical Education in the United States and Canada are still relevant, especially those concerning the physician as a practitioner whose purpose is more societal and preventive than individual and curative. Flexner helped establish standards for prerequisite education, framed medical school admission criteria, aided in the design of a curriculum introduced by the basic and followed by the clinical sciences, stipulated the resources necessary for medical education, and emphasized medical school affiliation with both a university and a strong clinical system. He proposed integration of basic and clinical sciences leading to contextual learning, active rather than passive learning, and the importance of philanthropy. Flexner's report poses several questions for the historian: How were his views on African American medical education shaped by his post-Civil War upbringing in Louisville? Was the report original or derivative? Why did it have such a large impact? This article describes Flexner's early life and the report's methodology and considers several of the historical questions. PMID:20107344

  1. The Assassination of Abraham Lincoln and the Evolution of Neuro-Trauma Care: Would the 16th President Have Survived in the Modern Era?

    PubMed

    Yan, Sandra C; Smith, Timothy R; Bi, Wenya Linda; Brewster, Ryan; Gormley, William B; Dunn, Ian F; Laws, Edward R

    2015-11-01

    Abraham Lincoln was the 16(th) President of the United States of America. On April 14, 1865, shortly after his re-election and the conclusion of the Civil War, Lincoln was shot and killed by John Wilkes Booth. Although numerous physicians tended to the President shortly after his injury, he passed away the next morning. Today, we recognize Lincoln as one of the greatest Presidents in American history. His assassination profoundly influenced the future of the United States, especially as the country was coming back together again following the Civil War. Testaments to his lasting legacy can be seen in many places, from the stone carving of him on Mount Rushmore to his image gracing the $5 bill. What if the President had survived his injury? Would he have had a different outcome utilizing current critical care treatment? Neurotrauma care in 1865 was not yet developed, and head wounds such as the one Lincoln sustained were almost always fatal. The medical attention he received is considered by historians and physicians today to be excellent for that time. We look at the evolution of neurotrauma care during the last 150 years in the US. Particular focus is paid to the advancement of care for penetrating brain injuries in modern trauma centers. PMID:26092530

  2. Abraham Pais Prize: Physics, History, and Biography

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cassidy, David C.

    2014-03-01

    Each of these fields differs in obvious and not so obvious ways from the others in terms of goals, methods, purposes, and perspectives. Yet each also holds much in common with the others. Having worked in these fields and crossed the boundaries between them, I will explore in this talk not only the similarities and differences I have encountered on this journey, but also my growing appreciation of how these fields together provide a unified perspective on physics as a science and a disciple and as a vital component of our broader human culture.

  3. Essay: Samuel Abraham Goudsmit (1902 1978)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bederson, Benjamin

    2008-07-01

    When Sam Goudsmit was 23, he and George Uhlenbeck hypothesized that the electron had spin. Sam was a well-known atomic physicist working at the University of Michigan when World War II began. During the war he first worked on radar at the MIT Radiation Lab, and then in the waning days of the war in Europe he led a mission to determine how far the Nazis had gotten in developing an atomic bomb. After chairing the Physics Department at Brookhaven, in 1950 APS named Goudsmit Managing Editor of Physical Review and Reviews of Modern Physics; in 1966 he was named Editor-in-Chief. He founded Physical Review Letters in 1958.

  4. Abraham Lincoln and the Pillars of Liberty

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schaub, Diana J.

    2002-01-01

    In this essay, Diana Schaub, associate professor and chair of the Department of Political Science at Loyola College in Maryland, asserts that the 9/11 attack on America showed students the fallacy not of relativism, but of toleration. They are now aware that there are limits to toleration. By giving such a vivid display of the horrors of…

  5. A Letter From Mr. Mario M. Montessori.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Montessori, Mario M.

    1998-01-01

    Reprint of 1973 letter issued by the Association Montessori Internationale to its members regarding signs that although people have been striving for greater general welfare, individual rights, freedom, and leisure, extending reduced work and more leisure to children will disrupt healthy development. Describes necessary environments for healthy…

  6. Flip-Flopping, Presidential Politics, and Abraham Lincoln

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Neumann, Dave

    2012-01-01

    The American public can count on a few things during the presidential election season. First, candidates will take a moral high ground and forswear mudslinging. Before long however, they will proceed to engage in nasty accusations against their opponents. A vibrant democracy ought to welcome carefully thought-out views that, when intentionally…

  7. Baring the soul: Paul Bindrim, Abraham Maslow and 'nude psychotherapy'.

    PubMed

    Nicholson, Ian

    2007-01-01

    Nude psychotherapy is one of the most flamboyant therapeutic techniques ever developed in American psychology. Largely forgotten today, the therapy was an academic and popular sensation upon its introduction in 1967. Developed by psychologist Paul Bindrim, the therapy promised to guide clients to their authentic selves through the systematic removal of clothing. This paper explores the intellectual, cultural and ethical context of nude therapy and its significance as a form of unchurched spirituality. Although nude therapy has an indisputable tabloid character, it is also rooted in a long-standing academic search for authenticity and ultimate meaning through science. Bindrim's career demonstrates the historically long-standing interweaving of spirituality and science within American psychology while simultaneously highlighting the field's extraordinary capacity for adaptive reinvention. PMID:17912714

  8. Flip-Flopping, Presidential Politics, and Abraham Lincoln

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Neumann, Dave

    2012-01-01

    The American public can count on a few things during the presidential election season. First, candidates will take a moral high ground and forswear mudslinging. Before long however, they will proceed to engage in nasty accusations against their opponents. A vibrant democracy ought to welcome carefully thought-out views that, when intentionally…

  9. "Towering genius disdains a beaten path" Abraham Lincoln.

    PubMed

    Ferguson-Paré, Mary; Mitchell, Gail J; Perkin, Karen; Stevenson, Lynn

    2002-01-01

    We see nursing leadership existing at all levels in nursing...all nurses leading. Nurse executives within academic health environments across Canada will be influencing health policy directions and dialogue within the profession nationally. They will be contributing to the development of a national agenda for nursing practice, education, research and leadership. These nurse executives will lead in a way that makes an invigorating impact on human service in health care environments and they will be dedicated to preparing the nursing leaders of tomorrow. The Academy of Canadian Executive Nurses will connect with the Office of Nursing Policy, Canadian Nurses Association, Canadian Association of University Schools of Nursing, Association of Canadian Academic Health Care Organizations and others to develop position papers regarding key issues such as patient safety, health human resource planning and leadership in the Canadian health care system. Our definition of professional nursing practice, fully integrated with education and research, will be advanced through these endeavours. The end result of a strong individual and collective voice will be improved patient outcomes supported by professional nursing practice in positive practice environments. This paper is intended to stimulate dialogue among nursing leaders in Canada, dislodge us from a long and traditional path, and place us firmly in a new millennium of leadership for the profession and practice of nursing, a style of leadership that is needed, wanted and supported by nurses and the clients we serve. It is the responsibility of those of us who lead in academic health science centres to be courageous for the students we support, the puactitioners we lead and the renewal of the profession. We are the testing ground for nursing research, and need to be the source of innovation for nursing practice. It is incumbent on us to leap forward to engage a new vision of the professional practice of nursing with a reconfigured work design and work environment compatible with the new economy, workplace and workforce. PMID:12395970

  10. Continuum electrodynamics and the Abraham-Minkowski momentum controversy

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Crenshaw, Michael E.

    2015-08-01

    Continuum electrodynamics is an axiomatic formal theory based on the macroscopic Maxwell equations and the constitutive relations. We apply the formal theory to a thermodynamically closed system consisting of an antireection coated block of dielectric situated in free-space and illuminated by a quasimonochromatic field. We show that valid theorems of the formal theory are proven false by relativity and by conservation laws. Then the axioms of the formal theory are proven false at a fundamental level of mathematical logic. We derive a new formal theory of continuum electrodynamics for macroscopic electric and magnetic fields in a four-dimensional at non-Minkowski material spacetime in which the speed of light is c/n.

  11. Student Affairs as Perceived Through Abraham Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nowacki, Steven

    The needs of human behavior are explored and correlated to the various departments within Student Affairs in an effort to show how Student Affairs can satisfy those needs. Maslow's Hierarchy of needs is briefly explained and related to the following Student Affairs departments: Financial Aid, Student Management, Career Development and Placement,…

  12. Abraham Pais Prize Talk: The Joy of History

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Stuewer, Roger H.

    2013-04-01

    Physicists and historians of physics share a common goal, the quest for understanding, but their objects are different: Physicists attempt to understand Nature, while historians attempt to understand the past, finding both the challenge and joy of history in exploring the contingencies of historical events, their dependence on scientific, biographical, sociopolitical, cultural, and other factors, and shaping them into a coherent narrative. My first example will focus on the history of the photon concept, in particular on the work of Arthur Holly Compton between 1916 and 1922 that led to his discovery of the Compton effect, whose understanding ultimately rested on a close examination of his laboratory notebooks. I will then turn to two episodes in the history of nuclear physics. The first deals with a controversy between 1922 and 1927 between Ernest Rutherford and James Chadwick at the Cavendish Laboratory in Cambridge and Hans Pettersson and Gerhard Kirsch at the Institute for Radium Research in Vienna that involved their fundamentally different experimental observations and theoretical interpretations of the artificial disintegration of nuclei whose resolution could only be understood after uncovering crucial correspondence between the protagonists. The second episode traces George Gamow's creation and development of the liquid-drop model of the nucleus in 1928 and 1929 and its subsequent development in two stages, first by Werner Heisenberg and Carl Friedrich von Weizsäcker from 1933 to 1936, and second by Niels Bohr and Fritz Kalckar in 1936 and 1937, both of which merged in the minds of Lise Meitner and Otto Robert Frisch at the end of 1938 to yield the correct interpretation of nuclear fission, an act of creation whose understanding rested on a detailed analysis of the published literature.

  13. Adolphe Abrahams memorial lecture, 1988. Exercise and lifestyle change.

    PubMed Central

    Shephard, R J

    1989-01-01

    While the evidence for a clustering of health habits is not particularly strong, there are both pedagogic and economic arguments in favour of a multifaceted approach to health education. The present review thus examines the impact of regular physical exercise upon other forms of health behaviour, testing the extent to which an activity programme can be a catalyst of improved lifestyle in both primary and secondary preventive therapy. The conceptual framework of health promotion is examined with particular reference to the models of Skinner, Becker, Fishbein, Triandis and Rokeach. Certain differences are noted between the decision to exercise and the marketing decisions for which Fishbein's model was originally designed. Nevertheless, in its later modifications, it provides a basic framework for understanding how human lifestyle is shaped. Theoretical mechanisms are suggested whereby exercise could influence such behaviours as cigarette smoking, alcohol consumption and drug usage, seat-belt usage, hypertension, body mass, lipid profile, promiscuous sexual behaviour, the carrying of lethal weapons, and acceptance of regular preventive medical examinations. The empirical evidence from both cross-sectional and longitudinal experiments shows a relatively weak association between exercise habits and other desirable forms of health behaviour. Moreover, it is arguable that other forms of health intervention such as smoking withdrawal or dieting might be equally effective as a primary change agent, and much of the observed association between exercise and other health habits could be attributable to a common dependence on demographic and socio-economic factors. On the other hand, the apparent weakness of associations may arise in part from difficulties in measuring both habitual physical activity and other forms of health behaviour, with a resultant attenuation of correlations. Possibly, a stronger association between exercise participation and other favourable health habits would be uncovered if attention were focused upon those forms of endurance exercise currently thought to enhance cardiac health. Given that moderate endurance exercise is also positive and pleasant advice, further examination of the potential of multifaceted but exercise-centered health promotion programmes appears warranted. Images p11-a PMID:2659129

  14. Student Affairs as Perceived Through Abraham Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nowacki, Steven

    The needs of human behavior are explored and correlated to the various departments within Student Affairs in an effort to show how Student Affairs can satisfy those needs. Maslow's Hierarchy of needs is briefly explained and related to the following Student Affairs departments: Financial Aid, Student Management, Career Development and Placement,…

  15. Mozart, Hawthorne, and Mario Savio: Aesthetic Power and Political Complicity.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Herbert, T. Walter

    1995-01-01

    Discusses the false dichotomy pitting aesthetic power against political complicity in literary criticism. Considers the sexual politics of the household of Nathaniel Hawthorne in light of this opposition. Suggests how literary works keep warring voices and inner conflicts alive and at odds. (HB)

  16. The Marriage of Mario (NHPPS) and Luigi (OGCE)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Valdes, F.; Marru, S.

    2011-07-01

    Pipeline systems, like the plumbing characters of video game fame, have their strengths and weaknesses. This is generally due to the different niches they occupy in the landscape of pipeline systems. People frequently discuss the potential interchange of application elements (the modules and algorithms) between pipeline systems. However, pipeline systems themselves are applications in their own right. This paper describes an interesting architectural marriage where one pipeline system orchestrates another to take advantage of the strengths and niches of both. This marriage is the result of a (proposed) project between NOAO and Indiana University to provide a Pipeline, Portal, and Archive (PPA) system for the WIYN One-Degree Imager (ODI) which is briefly introduced here.

  17. Mario Bunge's Materialist Theory of Mind and Contemporary Cognitive Science

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Slezak, Peter

    2012-10-01

    Bunge's writings on the mind-body problem provide a rigorous, analytical antidote to the persistent anti-materialist tendency that has characterized the history of philosophy and science. Bunge gives special attention to dualism and its shortcomings, and this attention is welcome in view of the resurgence of the doctrine today. However, I focus my comments selectively on Bunge's more controversial, provocative claims, not to dismiss them, but to engage with them seriously. For example, a difficulty arising from Bunge's rhetorical style and its undoubted virtues is that not all the targets of his selfconfessed "bashings" (2010, xi) are equally deserving. For example, Bunge suggests "most contemporary philosophers of mind are indifferent to psychology, or are remarkably uninformed about it". This charge cannot be sustained today in light of the work of foremost philosophers today.

  18. Mario Bunge's Materialist Theory of Mind and Contemporary Cognitive Science

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Slezak, Peter

    2012-01-01

    Bunge's writings on the mind-body problem provide a rigorous, analytical antidote to the persistent anti-materialist tendency that has characterized the history of philosophy and science. Bunge gives special attention to dualism and its shortcomings, and this attention is welcome in view of the resurgence of the doctrine today. However, I focus my…

  19. Mario Bunge's Materialist Theory of Mind and Contemporary Cognitive Science

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Slezak, Peter

    2012-01-01

    Bunge's writings on the mind-body problem provide a rigorous, analytical antidote to the persistent anti-materialist tendency that has characterized the history of philosophy and science. Bunge gives special attention to dualism and its shortcomings, and this attention is welcome in view of the resurgence of the doctrine today. However, I focus my…

  20. Charge-Transfer Mobility Parameters in Photoelectronic Devices: The Advanced Miller-Abrahams Computation.

    PubMed

    Basilevsky, M V; Odinokov, A V; Komarova, K G

    2015-06-18

    The local hopping step of the electron transfer (ET) reaction is investigated for a real organic material composed of molecules M (N,N'-di(1-naphthyl)-N,N'-diphenyl-(1,1'-biphenyl)-4,4'-diamine). This material is implemented in light-emitting photoelectronic devices. The conductivity effect is simulated and calculated at a molecular level. We have studied the ET mechanism alternative to that suggested by the usually employed Marcus-like polaron model. The ion-molecular binary complex M(+)M (for hole transfer) is considered as a reaction center. The reaction dynamics is carried through the low-frequency intermolecular vibration coordinate connecting its fragments (the promotion mode). Its coupling to the acoustic phonon bath serves for a dissipation of the reaction energy misfit. The high-frequency intramolecular vibrations (the reorganization modes) modulate the reaction kinetics via Franck-Condon factors induced by their polarization. The ET rate constants are evaluated in terms of the computational algorithm described earlier (Basilevsky, M. V.; et al. J. Chem. Phys. 2013 139, 234102). Standard quantum-chemical and molecular dynamical techniques are used for a calculation of all necessary parameters of this model. The macroscopic charge-carrier mobility of the material is estimated by properly averaging the rate constants over the total simulation cell. PMID:25636079

  1. Abraham Pais Prize for History of Physics Talk: Henry Cavendish, John Michell, Weighing the Stars

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    McCormmach, Russell

    2010-03-01

    This talk is about an interaction between two 18th-century natural philosophers (physical scientists), Henry Cavendish and John Michell, and its most important outcome, the experiment of weighing the world (their name for it) using a torsion balance (our name for it). Michell was the most inventive of the 18th century English natural philosophers, and Cavendish was the first of his countrymen to possess abilities at all comparable with Newton's. By their interests and skills, they were drawn to one another. Both were universal natural philosophers, equally adept at building scientific instruments, performing experiments, constructing theory, and using mathematics; both had a penchant for exacting, quantitative work. Both also had fitful habits of publication, which did not begin to reveal the range of their work, to the mystification of later scientists and historians. Late in life, Cavendish and Michell turned their attention to the force that Newton had examined most completely, a singular triumph of his natural philosophy, the force of universal gravitation. Over the course of the 18th century, abundant evidence of attraction had been gathered from the motions of the earth, moon, planets, and comets, phenomena which span the intermediate range of masses, sizes, and distances. But in three domains of experience, involving the extreme upper and lower limits of masses and dimensions, the universality of gravitation remained an article of faith. These were the gravity of the ``fixed'' stars, the mutual attraction of terrestrial bodies, and the gravitation of light and other special substances. Michell took on himself the task of deducing observable consequences from each of these prospective instances of universal gravitation. Cavendish encouraged Michell, and he followed up the resulting observational and experimental questions. The experiment of weighing the world was the last experiment Mitchell planned and the last experiment Cavendish published. The capstone of two distinguished careers, the experiment outlived the world in which it was conceived and carried out. Today gravitation is at the center of the physics of the very small and the very large, and experiments that followed in Michell and Cavendish's footsteps find a place in it. The ``most important advance in experiments on gravitation,'' to quote an authority, ``was the introduction of the torsion balance'' by Michell and Cavendish and independently by Coulomb; ``it has been the basis of all the most significant experiments on gravitation ever since.'' Another authority traces the ``noble tradition of precision measurement to which we are heirs'' to Cavendish's experiment, which he calls the ``first modern physics experiment.''

  2. Abraham Guz memorial: Still unresolved hypotheses: Lung reflexes and perceptions of breathing.

    PubMed

    Noble, Mark I M

    2015-10-01

    This article constitutes a review of the studies performed by the group of the late A. Guz and other authors on the subjects of lung reflexes and perceptions of respiration. The experimental data suggest that the lung inflation and deflation reflexes are present in man, mediated by large myelinated afferent nerve fibres in the vagus nerves, but that the inflation reflex is weaker than in animals, possibly due to central neuronal inhibition. The authors of animal results on the deflation reflex differ as to the afferent fibres involved in the vagi, but it is argued, on the basis of the data, that the preferred hypothesis is that increased activity of the large myelinated mediates the inflation reflex, and decreased activity in these same fibres mediates the deflation reflex. Smaller myelinated fibres are thought to mediate cough and increased breathing in response to airway irritation, while small non-myelinated C fibres mediate hyperpnoea in response to parenchymal congestion and various disease states. The unpleasant sensation at the break point of breath-holding is not chemically mediated but may depend on a complex response involving vagal afferent, phrenic efferent and phrenic afferent pathways. Other experiments in humans on perception of various unpleasant respiratory sensations are discussed with unclear conclusions. PMID:26117800

  3. Measuring the Immeasurable: Or "Could Abraham Lincoln Take the Implicit Association Test?".

    PubMed

    Bones, Arina K; Johnson, Navin R

    2007-12-01

    With the Association for Psychological Science's new ethical standards requiring that all research studies include an Implicit Association Test (IAT), forecasters predict that the population of new participants available to take IATs will expire by the year 2023. Shrill, doomsday proposals from IAT experts involve rationing the precious pool of remaining IAT novices or other naive strategies. These solutions demonstrate rigid, scientific thinking, with a distinct lack of the creative flair that makes psychology stand apart from the real sciences. Building on our prior experience of adapting the IAT for measuring infant cognition and rooting out aliens among us, we demonstrate that new pools of participant resourcesmdash;the unborn and passed on-are available, if we take the time to develop the methods to exploit them. Two studies illustrate some of the methodological challenges and opportunities that must be met in order to make better use of the new populations to keep the IAT juggernaut on its path of global (and interstellar) domination. PMID:26151977

  4. Abraham Lincoln's suit against a medical imposter who assaulted his client.

    PubMed

    Spiegel, A D; Kavaler, F

    2001-10-01

    In 1851, A. Lincoln, Esquire represented Edward Jones who charged in a law suit that his attending physician had assaulted him. Jones, also a lawyer, had sharply questioned Dr. Joseph S. Maus about his claims of attendance and graduation from Philadelphia's Jefferson Medical College, an allopathic medical school. Jones claimed that Maus became enraged at his persistent questioning and attacked him. In turn, Maus denied the allegation. He said that he was merely defending himself from Jones' blows with a large cane. Lincoln's legal approach was to argue about the state of medical education and whether Maus had really graduated from Jefferson Medical College. Acting as a peacemaker, he finally arranged to settle the dispute between Jones and Maus out of court. PMID:11554501

  5. Abraham Pais Prize for History of Physics Talk: Shelter Island, Pocono, Oldstone, 1947-49, Revisited

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Schweber, Silvan

    2011-04-01

    The historic June 1947 Shelter Island Conference was the first of three small conferences on theoretical physics sponsored by the National Academy of Sciences. It opened with a report of the results of Lamb and Retherford's and those of Nafe, Nelson and Rabi's experiments on the spectrum of hydrogen. The challenge to explain the accurate numbers they had obtained stimulated a renewed interest in quantum electrodynamics (QED) and became the point of departure for the post World War II developments in quantum field theory: effective Lorentz invariant computational methods, Feynman diagrams, renormalization theory. The recent discovery of Hans Bethe's extensive notes on the Shelter Island conference allows a reconsideration of the role played by Kramers, Oppenheimer and Weisskopf in these developments. The 1948 Pocono Conference at which Schwinger and Feynman presented their formulation of QED, and the 1949 Oldstone conference, at which Dyson summarized his researches and his views regarding renormalizability, give proof of the deep changes in the conceptualization, description and representation of nature that had been brought about by the work of Weisskopf, Schwinger, Feynman, and Dyson.

  6. 'The story of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob" or "am I my brother's keeper?".

    PubMed

    Oz, Carla; Zamir, Ashira; Gafny, Ron; Motro, Uzi

    2003-01-01

    Presented is a case report of a violent sexual assault where the DNA profile obtained from an item of evidence was compared to a suspect's profile. The profiles did not match, but the sharing of such a large number of alleles raised the suspicion that perhaps the real perpetrator was a blood relative of the suspect. The investigators requested a sample from the suspect's brother, and a match was defined. In an era of technological breakthroughs in the field of forensic DNA analysis, the importance of the scientist's attention to the evidence presented in each case is stressed. PMID:12570215

  7. The Abraham Pais Prize Lecture: The historical Development of the Physical Concept of Time

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Jammer, Max

    2007-04-01

    The Irish physicist and mathematician John Lighton Synge once (1959) proclaimed that of all physical measurements that of time is the most fundamental and its theory ``the most basic theory of all.'' Twenty years later the Belgian physicist and chemist Ilya Prigogine declared that ``the concept of time is much more complex than we thought.'' Indeed, having studied the basic notions in physics like space, mass, force, simultaneity and written on each of them a detailed monograph, I always postponed a similar treatment of the concept of time because I realized that just by being the ``most basic'' it is also the most ``complex'' of all notions in physics and therefore a rather complicated subject of research. In fact, time, as perceived by us, is both ``flowing'' and ``enduring'' and its ``passing'' always ``lasts.'' If I venture nevertheless to offer herewith a survey of the conceptual development of the notion of time, I do so because I delimit myself to the role of time only in physics and ignore as far as possible general metaphysical, psychological or biological issues. The presentation thus ignores the history of the notion of time as conceived in the myths and religions of ancient civilizations and begins, after some brief remarks about the Pythagoreans, with the theories of time as proposed by the Pre-Socratics, Plato and Aristotle. After a critical discourse on the early proponents of an idealistic interpretation of the notion of time, like that of St. Augustine, medieval theories of time, like those which proposed the atomicity of time, are discussed. After a presentation of sixteenth century discussions of time, like that by Bruno or Gassendi, Isaac Barrow's and Isaac Newton's theories of physical time are critically analyzed. This is followed by a brief study of the conceptions of time by Locke and Berkeley and subsequently by Leibniz, who is often regarded as the first proponent of a relational or causal theory of time. Following some brief remarks about Hume's conception of time Kant's critical investigation of the notion of time is analyzed and followed by the theories of an ``arrow if time'' as a result of the existence of irreversible thermodynamic processes. After a brief discussion of Poincar'e's thesis of the conventional status of temporal metric, Einstein's interpretation of distant simultaneity and consequently his definition of time via simultaneity, as presented in his famous 1905 paper on relativity, are discussed. This is followed by some remarks on the concept of time in the general theory of relativity. A brief outline of the role of the concept of time in modern cosmology and, in particular, Hawking's notion of ``imaginary time'' conclude this essay.

  8. Mario Monicelli's Grande guerra: the right of living and the choice of dying.

    PubMed

    Gulino, Matteo; Frati, Giacomo; Vergallo, Gianluca Montanari; Frati, Paola

    2011-09-01

    Monicelli's suicide has reawakened a political and legal dispute about the medical role in end-of-life decisions, allowing us to discuss medical, ethical, legal, religious and political debate in various paradigmatic conscious and unconscious cases of end-of-life decision. We analyse the uncertainty about the 'a priori' choice between different specific legislative systems, highlighting the need for a unifying model, dictated by the existing trust in the critical relationship between patient and doctor, whose primary mission should be not only 'to cure' but also 'to care'. PMID:21685146

  9. Mario Math with Millennials: The Impact of Playing the Nintendo DS on Student Achievement

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gelman, Adam

    2010-01-01

    One of the biggest innovations of the last century has been the invention of the video game. Video games are an extremely popular form of entertainment today. While some question the use of video games in education, others argue that video games are one innovation that if introduced into the classroom, might change how teachers effectively engage…

  10. Super Mario brothers and sisters: Associations between coplaying video games and sibling conflict and affection.

    PubMed

    Coyne, Sarah M; Jensen, Alexander C; Smith, Nathan J; Erickson, Daniel H

    2016-02-01

    Video games can be played in many different contexts. This study examined associations between coplaying video games between siblings and levels of affection and conflict in the relationship. Participants were 508 adolescents (M age = 16.31 years of age, SD = 1.08) who completed questionnaires on video game use and sibling relationships. Participants were recruited from a large Northwestern city and a moderate city in the Mountain West of the United States. Video games played between siblings were coded by an independent sample to assess levels of physical aggression and prosocial behavior in each game. Playing video games with a sibling was associated with higher levels of sibling affection for both boys and girls, but higher levels of conflict for boys only. Playing a violent video game with a brother was associated with lower levels of conflict in the sibling relationship, whereas playing a prosocial video game was not related to any sibling outcome. The value of video games in sibling relationships will be discussed, with a focus on the type of game and the sex of the adolescent. PMID:26748076

  11. Abraham Lincoln, Laurent Clerc, and the Design of the World: Lincoln Day Address at Gallaudet University, February 11, 2009

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Baynton, Douglas C.

    2010-01-01

    Protestant ministers often construct their sermons around a text from the Bible that they expand upon to make some broader point. In the nineteenth century, public speakers frequently used the same rhetorical formula, taking their text not necessarily from the Bible but from any well-known source. In his famous Cooper Union speech of 1860, Abraham…

  12. Abraham's Children in the Genome Era: Major Jewish Diaspora Populations Comprise Distinct Genetic Clusters with Shared Middle Eastern Ancestry

    PubMed Central

    Atzmon, Gil; Hao, Li; Pe'er, Itsik; Velez, Christopher; Pearlman, Alexander; Palamara, Pier Francesco; Morrow, Bernice; Friedman, Eitan; Oddoux, Carole; Burns, Edward; Ostrer, Harry

    2010-01-01

    For more than a century, Jews and non-Jews alike have tried to define the relatedness of contemporary Jewish people. Previous genetic studies of blood group and serum markers suggested that Jewish groups had Middle Eastern origin with greater genetic similarity between paired Jewish populations. However, these and successor studies of monoallelic Y chromosomal and mitochondrial genetic markers did not resolve the issues of within and between-group Jewish genetic identity. Here, genome-wide analysis of seven Jewish groups (Iranian, Iraqi, Syrian, Italian, Turkish, Greek, and Ashkenazi) and comparison with non-Jewish groups demonstrated distinctive Jewish population clusters, each with shared Middle Eastern ancestry, proximity to contemporary Middle Eastern populations, and variable degrees of European and North African admixture. Two major groups were identified by principal component, phylogenetic, and identity by descent (IBD) analysis: Middle Eastern Jews and European/Syrian Jews. The IBD segment sharing and the proximity of European Jews to each other and to southern European populations suggested similar origins for European Jewry and refuted large-scale genetic contributions of Central and Eastern European and Slavic populations to the formation of Ashkenazi Jewry. Rapid decay of IBD in Ashkenazi Jewish genomes was consistent with a severe bottleneck followed by large expansion, such as occurred with the so-called demographic miracle of population expansion from 50,000 people at the beginning of the 15th century to 5,000,000 people at the beginning of the 19th century. Thus, this study demonstrates that European/Syrian and Middle Eastern Jews represent a series of geographical isolates or clusters woven together by shared IBD genetic threads. PMID:20560205

  13. Abraham Pais Prize for History of Physics Lecture: Big, Bigger, Too Big? From Los Alamos to Fermilab and the SSC

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hoddeson, Lillian

    2012-03-01

    The modern era of big science emerged during World War II. Oppenheimer's Los Alamos laboratory offered the quintessential model of a government-funded, mission-oriented facility directed by a strong charismatic leader. The postwar beneficiaries of this model included the increasingly ambitious large laboratories that participated in particle physics--in particular, Brookhaven, SLAC, and Fermilab. They carried the big science they practiced into a new realm where experiments eventually became as large and costly as entire laboratories had been. Meanwhile the available funding grew more limited causing the physics research to be concentrated into fewer and bigger experiments that appeared never to end. The next phase in American high-energy physics was the Superconducting Super Collider, the most costly pure physics project ever attempted. The SSC's termination was a tragedy for American science, but for historians it offers an opportunity to understand what made the success of earlier large high-energy physics laboratories possible, and what made the continuation of the SSC impossible. The most obvious reason for the SSC's failure was its enormous and escalating budget, which Congress would no longer support. Other factors need to be recognized however: no leader could be found with directing skills as strong as those of Wilson, Panofsky, Lederman, or Richter; the scale of the project subjected it to uncomfortable public and Congressional scrutiny; and the DOE's enforcement of management procedures of the military-industrial complex that clashed with those typical of the scientific community led to the alienation and withdrawal of many of the most creative scientists, and to the perception and the reality of poor management. These factors, exacerbated by negative pressure from scientists in other fields and a post-Cold War climate in which physicists had little of their earlier cultural prestige, discouraged efforts to gain international support. They made the SSC crucially different from its predecessors and sealed its doom.

  14. 3 CFR 8636 - Proclamation 8636 of March 4, 2011. 150th Anniversary of the Inauguration of Abraham Lincoln

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... United States Capitol, with the storm clouds of civil war gathering. President Lincoln reminded us in his... on the fields of Gettysburg, President Lincoln showed us how to preserve and perfect “the last, best... fought and died. Our revered 16th President taught us that we are more than North and South, black...

  15. From Mario to FIFA: What Qualitative Case Study Research Suggests about Games-Based Learning in a US Classroom

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gerber, Hannah R.; Abrams, Sandra Schamroth; Onwuegbuzie, Anthony J.; Benge, Cindy L.

    2014-01-01

    This article explores the impact of using commercial-off-the-shelf (COTS) videogames in a high school curriculum when developed through a connected learning frame by examining the influence that COTS videogames have on transforming students' literacy learning in-school. However, it must be noted that transforming literacy in school is about…

  16. Playing Super Mario induces structural brain plasticity: gray matter changes resulting from training with a commercial video game.

    PubMed

    Kühn, S; Gleich, T; Lorenz, R C; Lindenberger, U; Gallinat, J

    2014-02-01

    Video gaming is a highly pervasive activity, providing a multitude of complex cognitive and motor demands. Gaming can be seen as an intense training of several skills. Associated cerebral structural plasticity induced has not been investigated so far. Comparing a control with a video gaming training group that was trained for 2 months for at least 30 min per day with a platformer game, we found significant gray matter (GM) increase in right hippocampal formation (HC), right dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC) and bilateral cerebellum in the training group. The HC increase correlated with changes from egocentric to allocentric navigation strategy. GM increases in HC and DLPFC correlated with participants' desire for video gaming, evidence suggesting a predictive role of desire in volume change. Video game training augments GM in brain areas crucial for spatial navigation, strategic planning, working memory and motor performance going along with evidence for behavioral changes of navigation strategy. The presented video game training could therefore be used to counteract known risk factors for mental disease such as smaller hippocampus and prefrontal cortex volume in, for example, post-traumatic stress disorder, schizophrenia and neurodegenerative disease. PMID:24166407

  17. 78 FR 37792 - Mario Julian Martinez-Bernache, Inmate Number #95749-279, CI Big Spring, Corrections Institution...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-06-24

    ..., Corrections Institution, 2001 Rickabaugh Drive, Big Spring, TX 79720; Order Denying Export Privileges On March.... 2401-2420 (2000)) (``EAA''). Since August 21, 2001, the EAA has been in lapse and the President, through Executive Order 13222 of August 17, 2001 (3 CFR, 2001 Comp. 783 (2002)), which has been...

  18. Book Review of "Illegal Alphabets and Adult Biliteracy: Latino Migrants Crossing the Linguistic Border," by Tomas Mario Kalmar.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Castro, Mario

    2003-01-01

    This book chronicles how a group of migrant workers in Cobden, Illinois, developed their own hybrid writing system that used the Spanish alphabet to capture English speech sounds. The event illustrates Freirean ideas about literacy and power and offers lessons for improving English instruction. (TD)

  19. From Mario to FIFA: What Qualitative Case Study Research Suggests about Games-Based Learning in a US Classroom

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gerber, Hannah R.; Abrams, Sandra Schamroth; Onwuegbuzie, Anthony J.; Benge, Cindy L.

    2014-01-01

    This article explores the impact of using commercial-off-the-shelf (COTS) videogames in a high school curriculum when developed through a connected learning frame by examining the influence that COTS videogames have on transforming students' literacy learning in-school. However, it must be noted that transforming literacy in school is about…

  20. Staff Development for Vocational Education Teachers at the Mario Umana Harbor School of Science and Technology. Project STEP.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Massachusetts Inst. of Tech., Cambridge.

    A staff development project to create closer integration and mutual support between specialized science and technology curricula and vocational education courses is described. Project activities are listed, and a statement of underlying assumptions is provided. A list of guidelines for coordinating shop and academic projects follows. Guidelines…

  1. "To care for him who shall have borne the battle and for his widow and his orphan" (Abraham Lincoln): the Department of Veterans Affairs polytrauma system of care.

    PubMed

    Sigford, Barbara J

    2008-01-01

    The initiation of combat in Iraq and Afghanistan has resulted in a new cohort of active-duty service members and veterans seeking rehabilitation care through the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs (VA). Service members injured in combat most often sustain multiple injuries (polytrauma) and require a unique service delivery model to meet their needs. The VA recognized this need and responded with the development of the Polytrauma System of Care (PSC). This national system of care balances access and expertise to provide specialized life-long care to the combat injured. The PSC is comprised of: 4 specialized regional rehabilitation centers that are accredited in brain injury by the Commission on Accreditation of Rehabilitation Facilities; 21 specialized outpatient and subacute rehabilitation programs; designated polytrauma teams at smaller, more remote VA facilities; and a point of contact at all other VA facilities. In addition, the PSC has developed a proactive case-management model, a specialized telehealth network, guidelines for long-term follow-up, and services for those individuals who are unable to return home. The following commentary and articles provide additional detail on this new and unique system of care. PMID:18164348

  2. 78 FR 37790 - In the Matter of: Mario Salinas-Lucio, Inmate Number #61687-279, FCI La Tuna, Federal Corrections...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-06-24

    ... Tuna, Federal Corrections Institution, Federal Satellite Low, P.O. Box 6000, Anthony, TX 88021. Order..., Federal Satellite Low, P.O. Box 6000, Anthony, TX 88021, and when acting for or on behalf of Salinas-Lucio... indirectly, participate in any way in any transaction involving any commodity, software or...

  3. American Presidents and Their Attitudes, Beliefs, and Actions Surrounding Education and Multiculturalism: A Series of Research Studies in Educational Policy. Fifth Installment -- Examining Presidents Thomas Jefferson, Abraham Lincoln, and Lyndon B. Johnson

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Baptiste, H. Prentice; Orvosh-Kamenski, Heidi; Kamenski, Christopher J.

    2004-01-01

    When looking at social injustice and the oppression of "others" in the U.S., one can look no further than the political leadership of their government to take the moral and ethical responsibility to eradicate such injustices. Looking at the political leadership, the president is held accountable and sets the agenda which will promote, hinder, or…

  4. 78 FR 23636 - Advisory Committee on Minority Veterans, Notice of Meeting

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-04-19

    ... Taylor Street, Chicago, IL;. On April 24, from 9 a.m. to 11 a.m., at the Abraham Lincoln National... at the Abraham Lincoln National Cemetery. The Committee will meet with key staff to discuss services... exit briefing with leadership from the VA Hospital, Chicago Regional Office, and Abraham...

  5. 75 FR 25760 - Standard Instrument Approach Procedures, and Takeoff Minimums and Obstacle Departure Procedures...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-05-10

    ... Procedures (44 FR 11034; February 26, 1979); and (3) does not warrant preparation of a regulatory evaluation... County, RNAV (GPS) RWY 36, Orig Springfield, IL, Abraham Lincoln Capital, ILS OR LOC RWY 22, Amdt 9 Springfield, IL, Abraham Lincoln Capital, RNAV (GPS) RWY 13, Amdt 1 Springfield, IL, Abraham Lincoln...

  6. A Case Study of a High School English-Language Learner and His Reading

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cohen, James

    2007-01-01

    Mario, an adolescent English-language learner and struggling reader, participated in a university-sponsored summer literacy program. After the program, a follow-up literacy assessment was conducted, and Mario was interviewed about his perceptions of and practices with literacy. The findings of this case study demonstrate the possibility that…

  7. The Kodaikanal Experience: Chapter II. Kahn-Montessori Interview

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    NAMTA Journal, 2013

    2013-01-01

    This article provides an interview transcript between David Kahn and Mario Montessori (1898-1982), son of Dr. Maria Montessori. Mario Montessori dedicated his life to the preservation, dissemination and application of Montessori's works. Herein Kahn asks Montessori about his time living in the hills of Kodaikanal, India. Montessori touches upon…

  8. 77 FR 51606 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Extravagant Inventions...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-08-24

    ... Furniture of the Roentgens,'' Formerly Titled ``Seductive Luxury and Innovation: The Furniture of Abraham... State pertaining to the exhibition ``Seductive Luxury and Innovation: The Furniture of Abraham and David... Inventions: The Princely Furniture of the Roentgens'' and to include additional objects as part of...

  9. Teaching Bernoulli's Principle through Demonstrations

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brown, Patrick L.; Friedrichsen, Patricia M.

    2011-01-01

    One proven strategy to help students make sense of abstract concepts is to sequence instruction so students have exploratory opportunities to investigate science before being introduced to new science explanations (Abraham and Renner 1986; Renner, Abraham, and Birnie 1988). To help physical science teachers make sense of how to effectively…

  10. Teaching Bernoulli's Principle through Demonstrations

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brown, Patrick L.; Friedrichsen, Patricia M.

    2011-01-01

    One proven strategy to help students make sense of abstract concepts is to sequence instruction so students have exploratory opportunities to investigate science before being introduced to new science explanations (Abraham and Renner 1986; Renner, Abraham, and Birnie 1988). To help physical science teachers make sense of how to effectively…

  11. View southsouthwest, buildings of the succeeding farmstead. (Left to right: ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    View south-southwest, buildings of the succeeding farmstead. (Left to right: Abraham J. Cyrus, Jr.'s house, pool pump house, hen house converted to garage, chicken house, equipment shed, barn) - Abraham Cyrus Farmstead, 3271 Cyrus Road (County Road 1/6), Cyrus, Wayne County, WV

  12. 76 FR 72613 - Standard Instrument Approach Procedures, and Takeoff Minimums and Obstacle Departure Procedures...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-11-25

    ... Policies and Procedures (44 FR 11034; February 26, 1979); and (3) does not warrant preparation of a... Dickson Muni..... 1/8569 10/24/11 NDB RWY 17, Amdt 2B 15-Dec-11......... IL Springfield...... Abraham Lincoln 1/8695 10/31/11 RADAR-1, Amdt 9A Capital. 15-Dec-11......... IL Springfield...... Abraham...

  13. 16. Photocopy of photograph (original print located in LBNL Photo ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    16. Photocopy of photograph (original print located in LBNL Photo Lab Collection). Photographer unknown. December 29, 1953. BEV-654. INJECTOR, INJECTOR TANK-WIDE ANGLE; MARIO CAROTTA. - University of California Radiation Laboratory, Bevatron, 1 Cyclotron Road, Berkeley, Alameda County, CA

  14. A message for future planet hunters - Duration: 3 minutes, 15 seconds.

    NASA Video Gallery

    Imagine how our world would change once an Earth-like planet is discovered outside our solar system? You can be part of this change! Learn how astronomer Mario Perez was inspired in space and learn...

  15. ISS Update: After the Venus Transit - Duration: 9 minutes, 9 seconds.

    NASA Video Gallery

    ISS Update commentator Brandi Dean interviewed astronaut Mario Runco about the results of the Expedition 31 crew’s effort to photograph Venus transit. Questions? Ask us on Twitter @NASA_Johnson a...

  16. The Italian activist

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Catanzaro, Michele

    2012-02-01

    Italian theoretical physicist Giorgio Parisi has been an outspoken critic of Silvio Berlusconi's lack of support for science. He talks about how physics may fare under the new administration led by the economist Mario Monti.

  17. ISS Update: Transit of Venus - Duration: 17 minutes.

    NASA Video Gallery

    ISS Update commentator Brandi Dean interviews Mario Runco, NASA astronaut, about Venus's transit across the sun on June 5, 2012. Questions? Ask us on Twitter @NASA_Johnson and include the hashtag #...

  18. EVA Crewmembers emerging from the air lock into the middeck.

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1993-01-01

    EVA Mission Specialist Greg Harbaugh, EVA 1 (red stripe) and EVA Mission Specialist Mario Runco, EVA 2 (no stripe), pose with Mission Specialist Susan Helms as they emerge from the middeck air lock into the middeck with Helm's assistance.

  19. [From passionate sucking to oral-aggressive destruction wishes: really a revolution? A rejoinder to Ulrike May].

    PubMed

    Hegener, Wolfgang

    2011-01-01

    The author discusses May's paper on the history and relevance of oral sadism, published in the last issue of LUZIFER-AMOR. He doubts that the oral-sadistic organisation was an exclusive feature of Abraham's theory and that for Freud sadism never predated the anal stage. He misses a distinction between internal and external objects and criticizes that May did not really consider other readings of the texts she explored. By characterizing Abraham's ideas as a "revolution" the author feels that May has disputed their being rooted in Freud's thought, thereby divesting Abraham and his followers of the connection to Freud which is essential for every psychoanalyst. PMID:21598601

  20. 2. Historic American Buildings Survey Everett H. Keeler, Photographer September ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    2. Historic American Buildings Survey Everett H. Keeler, Photographer September 14, 1937 OVEN BULGE - OUTER WALL OF KITCHEN - Abraham D. Mead House, Field Point Park Vicinity, Greenwich, Fairfield County, CT

  1. 3. Historic American Buildings Survey Everett H. Keeler, Photographer September ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    3. Historic American Buildings Survey Everett H. Keeler, Photographer September 14, 1937 CUPBOARD - N.E., CORNER OF KITCHEN - Abraham D. Mead House, Field Point Park Vicinity, Greenwich, Fairfield County, CT

  2. Trypsinogen test

    MedlinePlus

    ... eds. Goldman's Cecil Medicine . 25th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier Saunders; 2016:chap 144. Forsmark CE. Chronic pancreatitis. ... Gastrointestinal and Liver Disease . 9th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier Saunders; 2010:chap 59. Pincus MR, Abraham NZ, ...

  3. Maslow's Theories and Educating the Disadvantaged Adult.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Long, Jerry

    1982-01-01

    Summarizes Abraham Maslow's concepts of the organization of the personality with implications for educating the disadvantaged adult learner. Special attention is given to personality syndromes and the effect they have on the expression of behavior. (JOW)

  4. 76 FR 56971 - Standard Instrument Approach Procedures, and Takeoff Minimums and Obstacle Departure Procedures...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-09-15

    ... Policies and Procedures (44 FR 11034; February 26, 1979); and (3) does not warrant preparation of a... Springfield....... Abraham Lincoln 1/1062 8/19/11 RNAV (GPS) Rwy 4, Capital. Orig-A 20-Oct-11 IL...

  5. Arts/Crafts.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Instructor, 1980

    1980-01-01

    Described are various arts and crafts ideas, mostly with a February theme. Included are: ceramic boxes, valentine ideas, and patriotic projects--symbols of our country, silhouettes of George Washington and Abraham Lincoln, and stars and stripes. (KC)

  6. 76 FR 11944 - Standard Instrument Approach Procedures, and Takeoff Minimums and Obstacle Departure Procedures...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-03-04

    ... Policies and Procedures (44 FR 11034; February 26, 1979); and (3) does not warrant preparation of a... Downtown... 1/3332 2/7/11 ILS OR LOC RWY 30L, Amdt 9 7-Apr-11 IL Springfield......... Abraham Lincoln...

  7. Lincoln's Spot Resolutions.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mueller, Jean West; Schamel, Wynell Burroughs

    1988-01-01

    Examines the events leading to and immediately following the declaration of war on Mexico in 1846. Includes the second and third pages of Abraham Lincoln's "Spot Resolutions" and presents teaching suggestions for interpreting the document and assessing public opinion. (GEA)

  8. Part Three. Presidents as Parents--Two Studies.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Harrington, Eileen Gallagher

    1979-01-01

    Two lessons illustrate the human dimension of Abraham Lincoln and Theodore Roosevelt, showing them both as fathers through an account of Willie Lincoln's death and portions of Roosevelt's letters to his children. (CK)

  9. The Nature of Happiness.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Maslow, Abraham H.

    1991-01-01

    Presents previously unpublished paper written by Abraham Maslow in November 1964. Maslow discusses the concept of happiness, suggesting that happiness is a lot more complicated than its standard, hedonistic definition as merely the absence of pain. (Author/ABL)

  10. Developing Friendship and Intimacy.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Maslow, Abraham H.

    1991-01-01

    Presents previously unpublished paper written by Abraham Maslow in April 1968 in which Maslow speculates on the issue that society had become pathologically individualistic and needed to develop better means of facilitating close relationships among people. (Author/ABL)

  11. 1. Historic American Buildings Survey, Reproduction of photograph taken about ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    1. Historic American Buildings Survey, Reproduction of photograph taken about 1890. The frame annex, picket fence, and stone bridge have since been removed. EXTERIOR - NORTH FRONT VIEW - Abraham Du Bois House, Frankfort, Somerset County, NJ

  12. Paul Dirac

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Pais, Abraham; Jacob, Maurice; Olive, David I.; Atiyah, Michael F.

    2005-09-01

    Preface Peter Goddard; Dirac memorial address Stephen Hawking; 1. Paul Dirac: aspects of his life and work Abraham Pais; 2. Antimatter Maurice Jacob; 3. The monopole David Olive; 4. The Dirac equation and geometry Michael F. Atiyah.

  13. Paul Dirac

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Pais, Abraham; Jacob, Maurice; Olive, David I.; Atiyah, Michael F.

    1998-02-01

    Preface Peter Goddard; Dirac memorial address Stephen Hawking; 1. Paul Dirac: aspects of his life and work Abraham Pais; 2. Antimatter Maurice Jacob; 3. The monopole David Olive; 4. The Dirac equation and geometry Michael F. Atiyah.

  14. The "Other Jeffersons" and the State University Idea.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Johnson, Eldon L.

    1987-01-01

    Thomas Jefferson and the University of Virginia as the quintessential beginning of the state university is seen as simplistic. Two contributors to the new type university, William R. Davie and Abraham Baldwin are discussed. (Author/MLW)

  15. Compatibility between mental disorder and mental capacity: analysis of a particular case of group sexual homicide.

    PubMed

    Carabellese, Felice; Vinci, Francesco; Catanesi, Roberto

    2008-11-01

    On the night of August 19, 2000, at the foot of Castel del Monte, an 8-year-old girl was brutally murdered. The perpetrators were identified as five young men who captured their victim and sexually abused her. The policemen found the cadaver by following "Mario," one of the five, who had been discovered lying on the ground, near the castle. Investigation led to demonstrate that the murder was not premeditated. The only desire of the group was to sexually molest the little girl. Mario showed signs of psychiatric pathology and for that he underwent psychiatric evaluation by judicial authorities. Analysis of this case, combined with a criminological and medical-legal perspective led to conclusions very much different from the expectations of Mario's defense attorneys. Mario, a marginal figure and seemingly the least intelligent, played the role of group instigator, both in the initiation of sexually abusing the child, as well as in the elimination of an inconvenient witness. However, the group was able to activate Mario's sadistic fantasies and his sexual perversions, and he ended up in a catalyzing role influencing the behavior of others and realizing what would otherwise remain only fantasies. The circularity of the group allows people like Mario, who are apparently subordinate, to influence the behavior of others. Mario was found to have a mental disorder but it was not sufficient to diminish his personal responsibility related to the crime. In fact, according to Italian judicial code, it is necessary that the motivation for the crime was psychopathological. It was for this reason that, according to Italian law, all of the members of the group were considered to be responsible for the crimes committed and were condemned. PMID:19017073

  16. [Who is afraid of Ulrike May? On Wolfgang Hegener's paper "From passionate sucking to oral-aggressive destruction wishes: really a revolution"?].

    PubMed

    Früh, Friedl

    2011-01-01

    The author wonders why Hegener perceived May's historical elucidation of Abraham's concept of oral sadism as a threat to his identity as part of the Freudian tradition. Referring to his use of the concept of death drive and to his view of depression, she questions his overall tendency to minimize any differences between Freud and Abraham, while ignoring the temporal sequence of their theory formation. PMID:22164717

  17. Radiation Pressure and the Photon Momentum in Dielectrics

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Baxter, C.; Loudon, Rodney

    2010-06-01

    We review the magnitudes of the photon momenta in free space, derived by Maxwell and Einstein, and those in homogeneous, dispersionless and lossless dielectrics, associated with Abraham and Minkowski. These momenta determine the forces exerted by light beams on material objects, as measured in radiation pressure experiments. It is shown that conservation conditions for components of the electromagnetic energy-momentum tensors derived by Abraham and Minkowski, also by Einstein and Laub, are equivalent relations simply derived from Maxwell's equations. The challenge for theory is the reliable interpretation of experimental momentum transfers from light to matter, which requires extensions of the basic theory to include material dispersion and surface effects. The main experiments are reviewed, together with details of a Lorentz-force theory that accounts for them. It is shown that the Abraham kinetic momentum is associated with the overall motion of a dielectric sample, while the Minkowski canonical momentum applies to the motion of bodies embedded in the dielectric.

  18. The momentum of an electromagnetic wave inside a dielectric

    SciTech Connect

    Testa, Massimo

    2013-09-15

    The problem of assigning a momentum to an electromagnetic wave packet propagating inside an insulator has become known under the name of the Abraham–Minkowski controversy. In the present paper we re-examine this issue making the hypothesis that the forces exerted on an insulator by an electromagnetic field do not distinguish between polarization and free charges. Under this assumption we show that the Abraham expression for the radiation mechanical momentum is highly favored. -- Highlights: •We discuss an approximation to treat electrodynamics of a dielectric material. •We support the Abraham form for the electromagnetic momentum. •We deduce Snell’s law from the conservation of the Abraham momentum. •We show how to deal with the electric field discontinuity at the dielectric boundary.

  19. Proof of a new colour decomposition for QCD amplitudes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Melia, Tom

    2015-12-01

    Recently, Johansson and Ochirov conjectured the form of a new colour decom-position for QCD tree-level amplitudes. This note provides a proof of that conjecture. The proof is based on `Mario World' Feynman diagrams, which exhibit the hierarchical Dyck structure previously found to be very useful when dealing with multi-quark amplitudes.

  20. SKOLE: The Journal of Alternative Education, 1993.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    SKOLE: The Journal of Alternative Education, 1993

    1993-01-01

    The two issues of the journal SKOLE for 1993 contain original articles and reprints about small alternative schools, home schooling, school as community and community as school, racial and class inequalities in public schooling, and various educational philosophies and innovations. Major articles include: (1) "School As Community: Memories" (Mario…

  1. Maintaining Medicare HMO's: Problems, Protections and Prospects. Hearing before the Select Committee on Aging. House of Representatives, One Hundredth Congress, First Session.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House Select Committee on Aging.

    This document contains witness testimonies and prepared statements from the Congressional hearing called to examine issues involved in maintaining and strengthening Medicare Health Maintenance Orgranizations (HMO). Opening statements are included from Representatives Edward Roybal, Matthew Rinaldo, Mario Biaggi, Don Bonker, Robert Borski, Louise…

  2. Farewell to the Man in the Red Beret, Enter the Man in the White Silk Mitre: "There Is a Crack in Everything, That's How the Light Gets In"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McLaren, Peter

    2013-01-01

    This essay examines the legacy of the late President of Venezuela, Hugo Chavez Frias. Shortly after the death of President Chavez, Jorge Mario Bergoglio was elected the 266th and current pope of the Catholic Church and took the name, Francis. The essay contrasts the demonization of Hugo Chavez by the Western corporate media with the adulation of…

  3. Health Maintenance Organizations: The New York Perspective. Hearing before the Subcommittee on Human Services of the Select Committee on Aging. House of Representatives, Ninety-Ninth Congress, Second Session (New York, NY).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House Select Committee on Aging.

    This document contains witnesses' testimonies from the Congressional hearing held in New York to gain that state's perspective on health maintenance organizations (HMOs). The hearing was convened by Robert Blancato and prepared statements from Representatives Mario Biaggi and Thomas Manton are included. Chairman Biaggi's statement calls the…

  4. Alcohol and the Elderly. Hearing before the Subcommittee on Health and Long-Term Care of the Select Committee on Aging. House of Representatives, Ninety-Eighth Congress, First Session (June 10, 1983, Astoria, N.Y.).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House Select Committee on Aging.

    The proceedings of the Congressional hearing on alcohol and the elderly are presented. Following introductory statements by the committee chairman, Senator Claude Pepper, and Representatives Mario Biaggi and Geraldine Ferraro, the briefing paper, "Crisis in Health Care Part 2: Alcoholism," prepared by the subcommittee staff is presented. Issues…

  5. The Impact of India.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Montessori, Mario M.

    1998-01-01

    Describes the experiences of Maria Montessori and her son, Mario, during their internment in India during World War II. Discusses how their observations of communities of Buddhists, Christians, Hindus, Muslims, and Zoroastrians at the Theosophical Society contributed to ideas related to the absorbent mind, and enabled the extension of the…

  6. The Possibility of Rhetoric's Early Beginnings. The Van Zelst Lecture in Communication.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Poulakos, John

    Thanks to Mario Untersteiner and those who followed his example, the talk about the Sophists can be heard not only in rhetoricians' hallways, classroom, and convention halls but also in the hallways, classrooms, and convention halls of philologists, historians, philosophers, and literary critics. Sophistical rhetoric emerged in a culture of…

  7. Students Will Erupt with Excitement over New Book

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Curriculum Review, 2009

    2009-01-01

    Imagine recreating a tsunami's force in a bathtub or exploring the potential of geothermal energy by using steam from a kettle to illuminate a light bulb. These types of activities and more are offered in Matthew Levy and Mario Salvadori's collection of experiments and demonstrations in Earthquakes, Volcanoes and Tsunamis. More than 30 easy and…

  8. 78 FR 37787 - Order Denying Export Privileges

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-06-24

    ... being that of August 15, 2012 (77 FR 49699 (August 16, 2012)), has continued the Regulations in effect... Bureau of Industry and Security Order Denying Export Privileges In the Matter of: Manuel Mario Pavon... Pavon (``Pavon'') was convicted of violating Section 38 of the Arms Export Control Act (22 U.S.C....

  9. John Donne: A Collection of Critical Essays. Twentieth Century Views Series.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gardner, Helen, Ed.

    One of a series of works aimed at presenting contemporary opinion on major authors, this collection includes essays by Helen Gardner, George Saintsbury, Herbert J. C. Grierson, Pierre Legouis, William Empson, Mario Praz, J. E. V. Crofts, C. S. Lewis, Cleanth Brooks, J. B. Leishman, Evelyn M. Simpson, Louis L. Martz, and A. J. Smith--all dealing…

  10. A Clear Voice for Montessori: Elisabeth Caspari

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lombard, Marjorie Ann

    2009-01-01

    In this article, the author profiles Dr. Elisabeth Caspari (1899-2002). As a teacher of teachers, Caspari traveled extensively for 50 years, sharing the wisdom she had gleaned from her training under Dr. Maria Montessori in Adyar, India, and from 4 years of frequent association with Montessori and her son, Mario, in Kodaikanal. The threads of…

  11. No Child Left behind and the Insomnia Plague

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mathis, William J.

    2004-01-01

    In 1974, Ronald Reagan called the United States a "shining city on a hill." A decade later, Mario Cuomo responded by speaking to us about another city that was not on a shining hill. His "Tale of Two Cities" speech, delivered at the 1984 Democratic National Convention, was not only moving but also haunting. In this other city he spoke about,…

  12. Wrong turns and dead ends

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Fisher, Len

    2013-12-01

    In his book Brilliant Blunders, Mario Livio offers a detailed and fascinating examination of major errors made by five great scientists - Charles Darwin, Linus Pauling, Lord Kelvin, Fred Hoyle and Albert Einstein - as they sought to understand the evolution of life on Earth, the evolution of the Earth itself and the evolution of the universe as a whole.

  13. Effects of Age and Experience on Physical Activity Accumulation during Kin-Ball

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hastie, Peter A.; Langevin, Francois; Wadsworth, Danielle

    2011-01-01

    With a specific agenda of creating a fun activity that emphasized teamwork, cooperation, and sportsmanship, Mario Demers, a Canadian physical education professor, created Kin-Ball in the mid 1980s. The game involves three teams of four players each in which a large ball (4 feet diameter and 2.2 pounds weight (1.22 m and 1 kg, respectively) is sent…

  14. [Library and Information Services for Democracy, for Literacy, and for Productivity]. Conference Briefs.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bobinski, George, Ed.

    1990-01-01

    This issue is designed to provide delegates and other participants in the New York State Governor's Conference in 1990 and the White House Conference on Library and Information Services in July 1991 with an overview of the current status and future needs of libraries and librarianship in the state. Following a message from Mario Cuomo, Governor of…

  15. El Escritor y las Normas del Canon Literario (The Writer and the Norms of the Literary Canon).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Policarpo, Alcibiades

    This paper speculates about whether a literary canon exists in contemporary Latin American literature, particularly in the prose genre. The paper points to Carlos Fuentes, Gabriel Garcia Marquez, and Mario Vargas Llosa as the three authors who might form this traditional and liberal canon with their works "La Muerte de Artemio Cruz" (Fuentes),…

  16. Seminar on Educating the Disadvantaged; A Report (Madison, Wisc., April 9-10, 1969).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ferver, Jack C., Ed.

    At this seminar, Mario Fantini, Program Officer of the Ford Foundation, discussed the theoretical frameworks on which educational programs for deprived children should be designed. Program designs required to provide effective education for poor and deprived children were explored by Kenneth Haskins, Principal of the Adams-Morgan School,…

  17. The Journal of the Imagination in Language Learning and Teaching, 2001.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Coreil, Clyde, Ed.

    2001-01-01

    This collection of papers includes the following: "On the Educational Uses of Fantasy" (Geoffrey Madoc-Jones and Kieran Egan); "The Dangers of Empathy with Students" (Mario Rinvolucri); "The Magic of Folktales for Teaching English and Culture" (Planaria Price); "The Inner Voice: A Critical Factor in L2 Learning" (Brian Tomlinson); "Dance: An…

  18. Natural Laws and Ontological Reflections: The Textual and Didactic Implications of the Presentation of Boyle's Law in General Chemistry

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Quiroz, Waldo; Rubilar, Cristian Merino

    2015-01-01

    This study develops a tool to identify errors in the presentation of natural laws based on the epistemology and ontology of the Scientific Realism of Mario Bunge. The tool is able to identify errors of different types: (1) epistemological, in which the law is incorrectly presented as data correlation instead of as a pattern of causality; (2)…

  19. Institutional Research: Its Place in the 1990's. Proceedings of the Annual Conference of the North East Association for Institutional Research (17th, Albany, New York, October 21-23, 1990).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    North East Association for Institutional Research.

    This document contains papers presented at a conference addressing the direction for the institutional research profession in the 1990s. Papers are as follows: "Reassessing Admission Policies at Public Universities: Cognitive vs. Non-Cognitive Predictors of 'Academic Success'" (Marios H. Agrotes); "Accommodating Team Member Cognitive Styles"…

  20. 77 FR 3479 - National Institute of Nursing Research; Notice of Closed Meeting

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-01-24

    ... HUMAN SERVICES National Institutes of Health National Institute of Nursing Research; Notice of Closed... of Committee: National Institute of Nursing Research Special Emphasis Panel Scholars Training for the...: Mario Rinaudo, MD, Scientific Review Officer, Office of Review, National Inst of Nursing...

  1. 76 FR 32978 - National Institute of Nursing Research; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-06-07

    ... HUMAN SERVICES National Institutes of Health National Institute of Nursing Research; Notice of Closed... of Committee: National Institute of Nursing Research Special Emphasis Panel, HIV Risk-Avoidance...: Mario Rinaudo, MD, Scientific Review Officer, Office of Review, National Inst of Nursing...

  2. The Teacher Trainer. Volume Five, Numbers One, Two, and Three.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Woodward, Tessa, Ed.

    1991-01-01

    Three 1991 issues of a British journal for modern language teacher trainers are provided. Articles include the following: "Perspectives on the In-service Training Needs of Non-native Speaking Teachers of English to Youth Learners" (Jennifer Jarvis); "Royal Society of Arts Certificate Trainees Speak Out" (Mario Rinvolucri); "Medical Education as…

  3. Multiple Intelligences Theory and Iranian Textbooks: An Analysis

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Taase, Yoones

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to investigate locally designed ELT textbooks in the light of multiple intelligences theory. Three textbooks (grade 1.2.3) used in guidance school of Iranian educational system were analyzed using MI checklist developed by Botelho, Mario do Rozarioand. Catered for kinds of intelligences in the activities and exercises…

  4. 75 FR 56562 - Proposed Information Collection Request Submitted for Public Comment and Recommendations...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-09-16

    ... CONTACT: Mario Distasio, Chief of the Economic Analysis Division, Office of Standards, Regulations, and... support system in underground mining and a properly operating ventilation system is essential for... helps to assure that requested data can be provided in the desired format, reporting burden (time...

  5. 75 FR 36122 - Proposed Information Collection Request Submitted for Public Comment and Recommendations...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-06-24

    .... FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Mario Distasio, Chief of the Economic Analysis Division, Office of... 75.1716-3 require operators of underground coal mines to provide MSHA notification before mining... Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995 (PRA95) . This program helps to ensure that requested data can be...

  6. 76 FR 9376 - Proposed Extension of Existing Information Collection;

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-02-17

    ... Analysis Division, Office of Standards, Regulations, and Variances, MSHA, at distasio.mario@dol.gov (e-mail... of coal mine waste (other than overburden or spoil) that are removed during mining operations or... . This program helps to assure that requested data can be provided in the desired format,...

  7. 76 FR 589 - Proposed Extension of Existing Information Collection; Mine Accident, Injury, Illness, Mine...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-01-05

    ... reliable occupational data available concerning the mining industry. Section 103(d) of the Federal Mine... Coal Production Report. MSHA publishes its data tabulations and analyses in quarterly news releases and... Analysis Division, Office of Standards, Regulations, and Variances, MSHA, at distasio.mario@dol.gov...

  8. 76 FR 21410 - Proposed Extension of Existing Information Collection; Hazard Communication (HazCom)

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-04-15

    ... the 21st floor. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Mario Distasio, Chief of the Economic Analysis... Health Survey of Mining and other sources indicating that there were chemical exposures occurring in... requested data can be provided in the desired format, reporting burden (time and financial resources)...

  9. Challenges and Opportunities for Language Learning in the Context of the CCSS and the NGSS

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hakuta, Kenji; Santos, Maria

    2013-01-01

    In this column, Kenji Hakuta and Mario Santos described the challenges and opportunities the Common Core State Standards and the Next Generation Science Standards present for language development in the context of English language arts/literacy, mathematics, and science. They heightened educators' awareness of the critical role language plays…

  10. Farewell to the Man in the Red Beret, Enter the Man in the White Silk Mitre: "There Is a Crack in Everything, That's How the Light Gets In"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McLaren, Peter

    2013-01-01

    This essay examines the legacy of the late President of Venezuela, Hugo Chavez Frias. Shortly after the death of President Chavez, Jorge Mario Bergoglio was elected the 266th and current pope of the Catholic Church and took the name, Francis. The essay contrasts the demonization of Hugo Chavez by the Western corporate media with the adulation of…

  11. 77 FR 54946 - Additional Designations of Individuals Pursuant to Executive Order 13581

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-09-06

    ... blocked pursuant to the Order. The list of designees is as follows: Individuals CATERINO, Mario; DOB 14...''); DOB 20 Mar 1962; POB Giugliano Campania, Italy (individual) DI MAURO, Paolo; DOB 19 Oct 1952; POB Naples, Italy (individual) IOVINE, Antonio (a.k.a. ``O'NINNO''); DOB 20 Sep 1964; POB San Cipriano...

  12. The Work of the Hand

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ludick, Pat

    2013-01-01

    Recognizing Maria and Mario Montessori's reverence for the hand, Pat Ludick takes the reader into the wonder of the human body, mind, and spirit and across the planes of education, into the making of a whole personality and grounded intelligence that is ready for the adult world. Putting the hand front and center, she lyrically evolves an overview…

  13. Students Will Erupt with Excitement over New Book

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Curriculum Review, 2009

    2009-01-01

    Imagine recreating a tsunami's force in a bathtub or exploring the potential of geothermal energy by using steam from a kettle to illuminate a light bulb. These types of activities and more are offered in Matthew Levy and Mario Salvadori's collection of experiments and demonstrations in Earthquakes, Volcanoes and Tsunamis. More than 30 easy and…

  14. 78 FR 49334 - Designation of 5 individual(s) and 2 entity(-ies) Pursuant to Executive Order 13581, “Blocking...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-08-13

    ... policy, and economy of the United States. Section 1 of the Order blocks, with certain exceptions, all...; POB Naples, Italy (individual) . 2. RICCIO, Mario (a.k.a. RICCIO, Mariano); DOB 28 Jun 1991; POB Mugnano di Napoli, Italy (individual) . 3. MENNETTA, Antonio; DOB 03 Jan 1985; POB Naples,...

  15. Natural Laws and Ontological Reflections: The Textual and Didactic Implications of the Presentation of Boyle's Law in General Chemistry

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Quiroz, Waldo; Rubilar, Cristian Merino

    2015-01-01

    This study develops a tool to identify errors in the presentation of natural laws based on the epistemology and ontology of the Scientific Realism of Mario Bunge. The tool is able to identify errors of different types: (1) epistemological, in which the law is incorrectly presented as data correlation instead of as a pattern of causality; (2)…

  16. Between the Under-Labourer and the Master-Builder: Observations on Bunge's Method

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Agassi, Joseph

    2012-01-01

    Mario Bunge has repeatedly discussed contributions to philosophy and to science that are worthless at best and dangerous at worst, especially cases of pseudo-science. He clearly gives his reason in his latest essay on this matter: "The fact that science can be faked to the point of deceiving science lovers suggests the need for a rigorous sifting…

  17. STS-44 crewmembers exit people mover after landing at EAFB, California

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1991-01-01

    STS-44 crewmembers, wearing launch and entry suits (LESs), exit people mover, a crew transport vehicle, after landing at Edwards Air Force Base (EAFB), California. Commander Frederick D. Gregory follows ground crew personnel down the stairway. Gregory leads Mission Specialist (MS) Mario Runco, Jr, and Payload Specialist Thomas J. Hennen. In the background, is Atlantis, Orbiter Vehicle (OV) 104, undergoing post flight servicing.

  18. Nobel prize awarded to pioneers in ozone research

    SciTech Connect

    1996-12-31

    This article details the achievements of the three individuals who shared the 1995 Nobel Prize in Chemistry - Paul Crutzen, Mario Molina, and F. Sherwood Rowland - for their work in atmospheric chemistry, particularly the chemical processes that deplete the ozone layer. Background information about the ozone layer is presented as well as highlights of the ozone research done by the prize winners.

  19. No Child Left behind and the Insomnia Plague

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mathis, William J.

    2004-01-01

    In 1974, Ronald Reagan called the United States a "shining city on a hill." A decade later, Mario Cuomo responded by speaking to us about another city that was not on a shining hill. His "Tale of Two Cities" speech, delivered at the 1984 Democratic National Convention, was not only moving but also haunting. In this other city he spoke about,…

  20. Exercises of Practical Life: 3 to 6 Compared to 6 to 12. Kodaikanal Advanced Course, India, 1943-44, Lecture 76

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Montessori, Mario M.

    2013-01-01

    This simple, first-published article by Mario Montessori was written in Kodaikanal, India, and reveals a great Montessori truth that has never been so explicit: There are developmental stages for practical life that cross over into nature study and living experiences. Although more abstract, the second plane has a strong practical life component…

  1. AERA Vocational Education Special Interest Group Proceedings (New Orleans, Louisiana, April 24-28, 2000).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Truell, Allen D., Ed.

    This document contains six papers on vocational education. "Blurring the Boundaries: The Emergence of the New Vocational Student" (Mario Delci) documents the benefits of combining an academic curriculum with vocational coursework. "Observable Teaching Effectiveness and Personality Types of Selected Beginning Career and Technical Education…

  2. Detection of eccentricity in silver nanotubes by means of induced optical forces and torques

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ekeroth, R. M. Abraham; Lester, M. F.

    2015-10-01

    In previous works (Abraham et al 2011 Plasmonics 6 435; Abraham Ekeroth and Lester 2012 Plasmonics 7 579; Abraham Ekeroth and Lester 2013 Plasmonics 8 1417; Abraham Ekeroth R M and Lester M 2015 Plasmonics 10 989-98), we have conducted an exhaustive study about optical properties of metallic realistic two-dimensional (2D) nanotubes, using an experimental-interpolated dielectric function (Palik 1985 Handbook of Optical Constants of Solids (Toronto: Academic Press)). In the case of non-homogeneous metallic shells, we suggested (in a theoretical form) a procedure to detect the non-uniformity of shells in parallel, disperse and randomly oriented long nanotubes (2D system). This detection is based exclusively on the plasmonic properties of the response (Abraham Ekeroth and Lester 2012 Plasmonics 7 579). Here we consider exact calculations of forces and torques, exerted by light on these kinds of nanostructures, illustrating the mechanical effects of plasmonic excitations with one example of silver shell under p-polarized incidence. This study continues with the methodology implemented in the previous paper (Abraham Ekeroth R M and Lester M 2015 Plasmonics 10 989-98), for homogeneous nanotubes. The features of the electromagnetic interaction in these structures, from the point of view of mechanical magnitudes, make it possible to conceive new possible interesting applications. Particularly, we point out some results regarding detection of eccentricity in nanotubes in vacuum (when Brownian movement is not taken into account). We interpret the optical response of the realistic shells in the framework of plasmon hybridization model (PHM), which is deduced from a quasi-static approximation. Our integral formalism provides for retardation effects and possible errors is only due to its numerical implementation.

  3. Taking Advantage of Murder and Mayhem for Social Studies.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Harden, G. Daniel

    1991-01-01

    Suggests the use of key historical antisocial acts to teach social studies concepts as a means of arousing the interest of adolescents. Recommends overcoming initial sensationalism by shifting emphasis to more appropriate interests. Includes discussion of the Abraham Lincoln and John F. Kennedy assassinations and the Rosenberg spy case. Suggests…

  4. THE MENTALLY RETARDED CHILD.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    LEVINSON, ABRAHAM

    THIS IS A REVISION BY THE LEVINSON FOUNDATION STAFF OF A BOOK WRITTEN BY DR. ABRAHAM LEVINSON IN 1952. WRITTEN FOR PARENTS OF MENTALLY RETARDED CHILDREN, THE BOOK REVIEWS TYPICAL PARENTAL REACTIONS TO THE BIRTH OF A RETARDED CHILD AND OFFERS ADVICE ON HOME CARE, SIBLING ACCEPTANCE, AND DISCIPLINE. ITS CONTENTS INCLUDE SUCH MATTERS AS HISTORICAL…

  5. Career Education. Comments by Plato (And Others).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Office of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC.

    This pamphlet presents a number of quotations showing that what is now called career education is an old idea, one that transcends time and today unites advocates of many creeds and cultures. Those quoted include Plato, Benjamin Franklin, Abraham Lincoln, Samuel Gompers Helen Keller, James B. Conant, Whitney Young, Jr., Margaret Mead, Shirley…

  6. Sex Differences in a Human Analogue of the Radial Arm Maze: The ''17-Box Maze Test''

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rahman, Q.; Abrahams, S.; Jussab, F.

    2005-01-01

    This study investigated sex differences in spatial memory using a human analogue of the Radial Arm Maze: a revision on the Nine Box Maze originally developed by Abrahams, Pickering, Polkey, and Morris (1997) called the 17-Box Maze Test herein. The task encourages allocentric spatial processing, dissociates object from spatial memory, and…

  7. Motivating the Gifted, Talented, Creative. A Meta-Analysis.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shaughnessy, Michael F.

    The main theories of motivation are reviewed in an effort to help teachers discern various tactics and techniques that they can use with gifted, talented, and creative students. Among the theories examined are Ivan Pavlov's respondent conditioning; Albert Ellis's rational-emotive approach; Abraham Maslow's triangular approach to growth and…

  8. An Information Structure Approach to Passives: With Special Focus on Mandarin Chinese and Taiwanese Southern Min

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Yang, Yuan-Chen Jenny

    2012-01-01

    The study of passives has been instrumental to the development of modern linguistics, and passives are central non-canonical word order constructions (in the sense of Birner and Ward 1998) in most languages. However, while numerous cross-linguistic studies (e.g. Siewierska 1984, Shibatani 1985, Keenan 1985, Abraham 2006) have identified the core…

  9. Preparation, Development, and Transition of Learning-Disabled Students for Workforce Success

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Williams, Donna Elizabeth

    2012-01-01

    Preparation, Development, and Transition of Learning-Disabled Students for Workforce Success. Donna Elizabeth Williams, 2011: Applied Dissertation, Nova Southeastern University, Abraham S. Fischler School of Education. ERIC Descriptors: Learning Disabilities, Community Based Instruction, Academic Advising, Career Counseling, Career Planning. This…

  10. The Role of Sustainability in Campus Planning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Havens, Greg; Chapman, Perry; Irwin, Bryan

    2008-01-01

    The Morrill Act of 1862, signed by Abraham Lincoln, established the land grant university with a Solomon-like simplicity: the federal government would deed large tracts of land to establish public colleges in each state. These institutions would then train young citizens in agriculture, forestry, mining and the mechanical arts--fields tied…

  11. Early Learning Theories Made Visible

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Beloglovsky, Miriam; Daly, Lisa

    2015-01-01

    Go beyond reading about early learning theories and see what they look like in action in modern programs and teacher practices. With classroom vignettes and colorful photographs, this book makes the works of Jean Piaget, Erik Erikson, Lev Vygotsky, Abraham Maslow, John Dewey, Howard Gardner, and Louise Derman-Sparks visible, accessible, and easier…

  12. Bouncing Back: Erikson, Maslow and Recovery from Divorce.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Charnofsky, Stan

    Counseling for recovery from divorce may be significantly enhanced if a general model of emotional health/deficiency can be applied. This article introduces an amalgam of Erik Erikson's developmental stages and Abraham Maslow's motivational hierarchy as a means of understanding the rigors of marital dissolution. The paradigm promotes client…

  13. Job Motivation and the Need Fulfillment Deficiences of Educators.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chisolm, Grace B.; And Others

    The theoretical framework of Abraham Maslow espouses a holistic view of the human being in which individuals have universal tendencies to strive to satisfy physiological, sociological, and psychological needs as these need states become more or less predominant in their lives. The potency of need fulfillment, the extent of gratification of…

  14. Creating a Project on Difference Equations with Primary Sources: Challenges and Opportunities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ruch, David

    2014-01-01

    This article discusses the creation of a student project about linear difference equations using primary sources. Early 18th-century developments in the area are outlined, focusing on efforts by Abraham De Moivre (1667-1754) and Daniel Bernoulli (1700-1782). It is explained how primary sources from these authors can be used to cover material…

  15. Relentless Verity: Education for Being-Becoming-Belonging.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kidd, James Robbins

    The dynamic relationship of the concepts of being, becoming, and belonging is and must be the heart and central goal of adult education. The concept can be understood most readily by examination of the writings of humanist psychologists such as Carl Rogers, Fritz Perls, Gordon Allport, and Abraham Maslow. Some characteristics or dimensions of an…

  16. Presidents as Symbols: An Investigation of John F. Kennedy's, Lyndon B. Johnson's, and Ronald Reagan's Use of Presidential Allusions.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Smith-Howell, Deborah

    This paper presents an examination of United States presidents' names as symbols. In developing the analysis, the paper: (1) reviews multiple perspectives which suggest that allusions to past presidents (such as Thomas Jefferson, Abraham Lincoln, or Franklin Roosevelt) are significant political symbols; (2) discusses how allusions to past…

  17. 75 FR 42756 - National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism; Notice of Closed Meeting

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-07-22

    ... HUMAN SERVICES National Institutes of Health National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism; Notice... personal privacy. Name of Committee: National Advisory Council on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism. Date... Person: Abraham P. Bautista, PhD, Executive Secretary, National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and...

  18. Famous Presidents Unit, Third Grade.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nowlin, Isabel

    This teaching unit is composed of six parts: (1) content outline, (2) unit goals, (3) objectives, (4) activities, (5) evaluation plan, and (6) bibliography. The content of the unit centers on the lives of George Washington and Abraham Lincoln. Specifically it investigates what made these men exceptional heroes, and it differentiates between facts…

  19. The Use of the Dialogue Concepts from the Arsenal of the Norwegian Dialogue Pedagogy in the Time of Postmodernism

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gradovski, Mikhail

    2012-01-01

    Inspired by the views by the American educationalist Henry Giroux on the role teachers and educationalists should be playing in the time of postmodernism and by Abraham Maslow's concept of biological idiosyncrasy, the author discusses how the concepts of the dialogues created by the representatives of Norwegian Dialogue Pedagogy, Hans Skjervheim,…

  20. What's Happening in February?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Weissman, Ron; And Others

    Brief information is given on 12 February events celebrated by Puerto Ricans: Groundhog Day; Candlemas; St. Valentine's Day; Mardi Gras; Ash Wednesday; Black History; and the birthdays of Thomas Alva Edison, Abraham Lincoln, Susan B. Anthony, Julia de Burgos, Luis Munoz Marin, and George Washington. Designed as a teacher resource, the booklet…

  1. Help History Come Alive with Mannequins.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wisdom, Cynthia Newman

    1994-01-01

    Describes a teacher's use of life-size mannequins donated by a dress shop to teach students about historical figures and periods. Christopher Columbus, Florence Nightingale, Abraham Lincoln, George Washington Carver, and Helen Keller, among other historical figures, have been portrayed. (MDM)

  2. Eventos de Febrero (February Events).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Toro, Leonor; Pla, Myrna

    Designed as a resource for teachers, the booklet contains brief information on eight events celebrated by Puerto Ricans in the month of February: La Candelaria; Abraham Lincoln; Black History; Valentine's Day; Julia de Burgos; Luis Munoz Marin; George Washington; and the Carnaval. Written in Spanish, the booklet discusses the orgin and ways of…

  3. Culture Studies and Self-Actualization Theory.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Farmer, Rod

    1983-01-01

    True citizenship education is impossible unless students develop the habit of intelligently evaluating cultures. Abraham Maslow's theory of self-actualization, a theory of innate human needs and of human motivation, is a nonethnocentric tool which can be used by teachers and students to help them understand other cultures. (SR)

  4. The Use of Maslow's Model in History

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hubbs, Hugh

    1978-01-01

    Explains how Abraham Maslow's theory of the hierarchy of human needs can explain the success of medieval society which lasted 300 years. Based on sequential fulfillment of physical needs, security, affiliation, esteem, and self-fulfillment, the model can also illustrate how modern governments satisfy citizens' needs. (AV)

  5. Herzberg's Theory of Motivation and Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs. ERIC/AE Digest.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gawel, Joseph E.

    Among the behavioral theories embraced by American business are those of Frederick Herzberg and Abraham Maslow. Herzberg proposed a theory about job factors that motivate employees, and Maslow developed a theory about the rank and satisfaction of human needs and how people pursue those needs. This digest briefly outlines both theories and then…

  6. Maslow's Need Hierarchy and the Adjustment of Immigrants

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Adler, Seymour

    1977-01-01

    In this paper the need hierarchy theory of Abraham Maslow is used to describe stages in the adjustment process of new immigrants. This notion is developed and applied to interpreting some longitudinal data on the changing needs of immigrants to Israel during the first two years after their arrival. (Author/GC)

  7. Humanistic Education and Self-Actualization Theory.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Farmer, Rod

    1984-01-01

    Stresses the need for theoretical justification for the development of humanistic education programs in today's schools. Explores Abraham Maslow's hierarchy of needs and theory of self-actualization. Argues that Maslow's theory may be the best available for educators concerned with educating the whole child. (JHZ)

  8. The Implementation of the Bully Prevention Program: Bully Proofing Your School and Its Effect on Bullying and School Climate on Sixth Grade Suburban Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Toner, Barbara K.

    2010-01-01

    Almost 70 years after Abraham Harold Maslow suggested in his 1943 work, "A Theory of Human Emotion", a child's need to feel safe in order to thrive (Maslow, 1943), educational communities, still embracing his insight, find themselves continuing to grapple with how to keep children safe-from one another. The bulk of educational research focused on…

  9. Comparing the Emancipation Proclamation and the Russian Emancipation Manifesto.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Keller, Clair W.

    1989-01-01

    Offers a lesson plan for comparing the ideas and context of the Emancipation Proclamation issued by President Abraham Lincoln on September 22, 1862, and the Emancipation Manifesto issued on March 3, 1861, by Alexander II of Russia. Gives background information on the Emancipation Manifesto, discusses preparation and lesson procedures, and suggests…

  10. Negroes in Pre-Civil War History: New Myths in the Making

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Spear, Lois

    1974-01-01

    This article analyzes three incidents in pre-Civil War history; Crispus Attucks and the Boston Massacre, John Brown and the raid on Harpers Ferry, and Abraham Lincoln and the Emancipation Proclamation. The article examines how these incidents have been distorted into myths and stereotypes and offers more correct historical interpretations. (DE)

  11. Assessment Update: Progress, Trends, and Practices in Higher Education. Volume 26, Issue 1, January-February 2014

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Banta, Trudy W., Ed.

    2014-01-01

    This issue of "Assessment Update" presents the following articles: (1) Expanding Assessment Perspectives: The Importance of Student Leadership in Student Learning Outcomes Assessment (Abraham J. Lauer and Jamie R. Korin); (2) Empowering Faculty and Students with Assessment Data (Jane M. Souza); (3) Including Faculty in Accreditation…

  12. Maslow and Miller: An Exploration of Gender and Affiliation in the Journey to Competence

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Coy, Doris Rhea; Kovacs-Long, Judith

    2005-01-01

    This article shows that although neither Abraham Maslow nor Jean Baker Miller reference each other in their writings, they are following different paths to the same conclusion: competence proceeds from connection. Miller and Maslow both describe a developmental model that applies equally to women and men. The conclusion of the authors of this…

  13. Starting with the Soul

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Intrator, Sam M.; Kunzman, Robert

    2006-01-01

    Intrator and Kunzman argue that professional development for teachers follows an orientation similar to Abraham Maslow's hierarchy of needs--and that this orientation needs to be reversed. Maslow posited that people must fulfill subsistence needs such as needs for food and safety before they can pursue higher needs like the need for…

  14. As Land-Grant Law Turns 150, Students Crowd into Agriculture Colleges

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Biemiller, Lawrence

    2012-01-01

    On July 2, 1862, Abraham Lincoln signed Justin Morrill's second agriculture-school bill into law. Along with another measure he championed, in 1890, it created a system of land-grant colleges that rooted agriculture firmly in university research and helped democratize American higher education, creating institutions not for the sons and daughters…

  15. Philosophy of Education in Cultural Perspective. Essays Commemorating the Twenty-Fifth Anniversary Celebration of the Far Western Philosophy of Education Society.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jelinek, James John, Ed.

    The manuscript contains 48 essays commemorating the 25th anniversary of the Far Western Philosophy of Education Society. Topics included are cultural awareness; the teaching of values; philosophy and teacher education; humanistic education; existentialism and education; the nature of man; and the educational philosophies of Abraham J. Heschel,…

  16. Assessment Update: Progress, Trends, and Practices in Higher Education. Volume 26, Issue 1, January-February 2014

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Banta, Trudy W., Ed.

    2014-01-01

    This issue of "Assessment Update" presents the following articles: (1) Expanding Assessment Perspectives: The Importance of Student Leadership in Student Learning Outcomes Assessment (Abraham J. Lauer and Jamie R. Korin); (2) Empowering Faculty and Students with Assessment Data (Jane M. Souza); (3) Including Faculty in Accreditation…

  17. 3 CFR 8343 - Proclamation 8343 of January 20, 2009. National Day of Renewal and Reconciliation, 2009

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 3 The President 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Proclamation 8343 of January 20, 2009. National Day... President of the United States of America A Proclamation As I take the sacred oath of the highest office in... in the words of President Abraham Lincoln, let us remember that: “The mystic chords of...

  18. Teaching Critical Thinking by Asking "Could Lincoln Be Elected Today?"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jamieson, Kathleen Hall

    2012-01-01

    Because in his Gettysburg Address, President Abraham Lincoln said, "we here highly resolve that these dead shall not have died in vain," and "...that government of the people, by the people, for the people, shall not perish from the earth," it is accurate to report that he spoke the words "perish from the earth" and "died in vain." But if his 1864…

  19. Education: An Exchange of Ideas among Three Humanistic Psychologists.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ryan, Ellen R.; And Others

    1992-01-01

    Presents fantasized version of discussion among Carl Rogers, Victor Frankl, and Abraham Maslow led by Delbert Obertueffer. All statements in dialog are either direct quotes from their writings or phrases that express their basic philosophy. The hope is that by reviewing the writings of these great leaders, aspects to be applied to education today…

  20. Denigrating Carl Rogers: William Coulson's Last Crusade.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kirschenbaum, Howard

    1991-01-01

    Reviews William Coulson's assertions that Carl Rogers, Abraham Maslow, and he initiated the humanistic education field, that Rogers repudiated his philosophy late in life, and that they owe the nation's parents an apology. Argues that these charges are groundless and provides examples and quotations from Rogers' later writings to show how Rogers…

  1. Toward Effective Advocacy for Humanistic Values.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Aspy, David N.; Aspy, Cheryl B.

    1998-01-01

    There is a vigorous, national values debate in America today because of the general sense that the nation's moral standards are in decline. Historically, humanistically oriented counselors such as Abraham Maslow and Carl Rogers have contributed to the values discussions. This article provides a conceptual framework for humanistic counselors of…

  2. George W. Bush at Goree Island: American Slavery and the Rhetoric of Redemption

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Medhurst, Martin J.

    2010-01-01

    On July 8, 2003, at Goree Island, Senegal, George W. Bush delivered the most important speech on American slavery since Abraham Lincoln. As an example of rhetorical artistry, the speech is a masterpiece, putting the brutality of slavery into historical, political, and theological perspective. Although the speech had deliberative effects--it grew…

  3. Thinking about Religion from a Global Perspective.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Abrahamson, Brant; Smith, Fred

    The Student Text begins with a comparison of Eastern and Western World Religions. The three interrelated Abrahamic faiths are compared with Hindu-Buddhist traditions. Subsequent chapter titles are: "New Religions,""Religion and Morality,""Religion and Science,""Religion and Human Life,""A Historical Perspective" and "Getting Together." An…

  4. Research 1960-1970 on the Reading Problem in the United States, I.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Diederich, Paul B.

    This bulletin summarizes and interprets some of the main findings of "The Reading Problem in the United States," by Abraham Carp, Chapter III of "The Information Base for Reading: A Critical Review of the Information Base for Current Assumptions Regarding the Status of Instruction and Achievement in Reading in the United States," the final report…

  5. An Effective Time and Management Strategy in Quality Circles.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Halverson, Don E.

    Contending that participation in quality circles enhances effective time management by school administrators and teachers, this guide provides both a theoretical briefing and practical recommendations for better time management. A pre- posttest prefaces a review of basic concepts of quality circles with reference to the work of Abraham Maslow,…

  6. The Personal Relevance of the Social Studies.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    VanSickle, Ronald L.

    1990-01-01

    Conceptualizes a personal-relevance framework derived from Ronald L. VanSickle's five areas of life integrated with four general motivating goals from Abraham Maslow's hierarchy of needs and Richard and Patricia Schmuck's social motivation theory. Illustrates ways to apply the personal relevance framework to make social studies more relevant to…

  7. Lincoln Era Essay Contest: Seventh Annual Winners, 1988.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cagle, William, Ed.

    The seventh annual Lincoln Era Essay Contest's theme was "Lincoln and the Elections of 1860 and 1864." The contest was open to students in grades 6 through 12 throughout the state of Indiana. This booklet includes all the winning essays. The junior high/middle school essays include: "Abraham Lincoln Journals for the 1860 and 1864 Elections" (C.…

  8. 3 CFR 8367 - Proclamation 8367 of April 30, 2009. Law Day, U.S.A., 2009

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... the bicentennial of the birth of one such American, President Abraham Lincoln. Lincoln rose from... people, for the people, shall not perish from the earth.” Indeed, Lincoln was one of the greatest Presidents and one of the greatest lawyers, in our Nation’s history. Lincoln’s lasting legacy is his...

  9. The Presidents' Day Game

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Maxwell, D. Jackson

    2008-01-01

    The history behind the holiday commonly called "Presidents' Day" is a bit confusing. It started as a federal holiday called Washington's Birthday. It was a day set aside to honor George Washington for his accomplishments as a founding father of the country. Later, many northern states began to recognize Abraham Lincoln's Birthday as well for his…

  10. Chesterwood: The Workshop of an American Sculptor. Teaching with Historic Places.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Koman, Rita

    The late 19th- and early 20th-century sculptor, Daniel Chester French, spent 34 summers working daily at Chesterwood (Stockbridge, Massachusetts), his summer studio and home. The workplace was designed specifically for creating monumental public structures, works such as the "Abraham Lincoln" that forms the centerpiece of the Lincoln Memorial in…

  11. Teaching Students Sourcing and Contextualizing Strategies Using Newspapers and Lithographs

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Newland, Rebecca

    2014-01-01

    The story of Abraham Lincoln's reaction to meeting Harriet Beecher Stowe is well known. Supposedly, the president greeted the formidable author with, "So you're the little woman who wrote the book that made this great war!" Although the two did meet in November 1862, there is no evidence that Lincoln said anything of the kind.…

  12. Model Common-Core Unit Piloted for ELL Teachers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Maxwell, Lesli A.

    2013-01-01

    Seventh and 8th grade English-learners in selected urban schools will soon dive into some of the most celebrated speeches in U.S. history. They'll dissect, for example, Abraham Lincoln's Gettysburg Address, Martin Luther King Jr.'s "I Have a Dream," and Robert F. Kennedy's "On the Death of Martin Luther King." Though their English-language skills…

  13. "Paul Revere's Ride": Awakening Abolitionists

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lepore, Jill

    2011-01-01

    Henry Wadsworth Longfellow used to be both the best-known poet in the English-speaking world and the most beloved, adored by the learned and the lowly alike, read by everyone from Nathaniel Hawthorne and Abraham Lincoln to John Ruskin and Queen Victoria--and, just as avidly, by the queen's servants. "Paul Revere's Ride" is Longfellow's best-known…

  14. Learning from Lincoln: Leadership Practices for School Success

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alvy, Harvey; Robbins, Pam

    2010-01-01

    When you think of great leaders, of course Abraham Lincoln would come to mind. But can the life of a great 19th century president really shed light on what 21st century school leaders should do? "Yes," say authors Harvey Alvy and Pam Robbins. Their book explores how Lincoln's ability to persevere and lead despite adversity provides a compelling…

  15. Reflections on Lincoln and English Studies

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wilson, Douglas L.; Mailloux, Steven; Johnson, Nan; Stauffer, John; Wolk, Tony; Schilb, John

    2009-01-01

    2009 is the bicentennial of Abraham Lincoln's birth. Naturally, historians are thrilled. But what about their discipline? Why and how might Lincoln matter to English studies? In this article, the authors reflect on Lincoln and his influence on English studies. They argue that Lincoln has played or can play an important role in the college English…

  16. Steal These Ideas! Winning Activities from Real Teachers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Instructor, 2007

    2007-01-01

    This article presents several winning activities for students in the classroom. These activities include: (1) making Abraham Lincoln costumes; (2) creating frosty scenes from torn-paper collage for a grammar activity; (3) listening to Dr. Martin Luther King's "I have a Dream" speech; (4) hosting an architectural challenge for a kindergarten class;…

  17. Challenging Students to Differentiate between Election Returns and Results with a Memo and a Telegram from 1864

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Potter, Lee Ann

    2014-01-01

    On Tuesday, November 8, 1864, voters in 25 states--including Kansas, West Virginia, and Nevada for the first time--cast their ballots for president of the United States; voters in the 11 states that had seceded did not participate. Incumbent Abraham Lincoln ran as the Republican nominee (called the National Union Party in the 1864 election), and…

  18. How Technology Can Promote the Learning of Proof

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Muller, Kimberly O.

    2010-01-01

    While serving in the U.S. Congress, Abraham Lincoln, a self-taught learner, mastered Euclid's Elements (Basler 1953). Most students today do not study mathematics for recreation. Unlike Lincoln, they need a little help in learning how to write a geometry proof. Today's technology--specifically, The Geometer's Sketchpad[R] (GSP)--can help make…

  19. "They Mean Something More!" Teaching about Symbols Using Balanced Integration

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Vesperman, Dean P.; Bernens-Kinkead, Donna J.; Loudermilk, Liesl S.; Newsom, Gladys I. M.

    2012-01-01

    Since the election of 1796, buttons, slogans, and, most importantly, symbols have become a mainstay of the American election system. The log cabin symbolized the childhoods of Andrew Jackson and Abraham Lincoln; the sun represented hope on Barack Obama's 2008 presidential election posters. Many people without formal instruction in what symbols…

  20. Lincoln-Douglas Debates of 1858 Forced New Role on the Press.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Reilly, Tom

    1979-01-01

    Focuses on the 1858 election campaign in which Abraham Lincoln opposed Stephen A. Douglas, examining the function and role of political reporters at the time, the press's relationship with candidates, and the contribution of reporters and the press to the public's knowledge and understanding of the candidates and the issues. (Author/GT)

  1. Lincoln, Patriotism's Greatest Poet.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    American Educator, 2002

    2002-01-01

    Presents excerpts from the speeches and writings of Abraham Lincoln (e.g., various speeches that addressed slavery, a speech on democracy as a universal ideal, and the Gettysburg Address) to show how he evoked a vision of a United States that has inspired, shaped, and defined the country ever since. (SM)

  2. Rock "n" Roll Presidents on Mount Rushmore. Second Grade Activity. Schools of California Online Resources for Education (SCORE): Connecting California's Classrooms to the World.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sawyer, Debbie

    A historian, Doane Robinson, and a sculptor, Gutzon Borglum, worked together to build a gigantic monument in South Dakota that honored four of the greatest U.S. presidents: George Washington, Abraham Lincoln, Theodore Roosevelt, and Thomas Jefferson. Robinson and Borglum wanted the monument to represent U.S. ideals. To celebrate the anniversary of…

  3. The Unfinished Lincoln Memorial. Teaching with Documents.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Archives and Records Administration, Washington, DC.

    Construction began on the memorial to Abraham Lincoln in 1915, fifty years after his assassination. Sculptor, Daniel Chester French, designed the statue to honor the 16th U.S. President. French had gained a national reputation with his earlier portrayal of "The Minute Man," a statue to honor those colonials who died at Lexington and Concord…

  4. Letters, Telegrams, and Photographs Illustrating Factors That Affected the Civil War. The Constitution Community: Civil War and Reconstruction (1850-1870).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Traill, David

    Prior to and during the Civil War, the North and the South differed greatly in the resources they could use. Documents held by the National Archives can aid in understanding the factors that influenced the eventual outcome of the War Between the States. After Abraham Lincoln was elected President in 1860, the South seceded because they believed…

  5. President Lincoln and His Vice-Presidents. Lincoln Era Essay Contest Eleventh Annual Winners-1992.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cagle, William, Ed.

    Sponsored by an endowment to Indiana University, the Lincoln Era Essay Contest has been held since 1982. Students in grades 6 to 12 may submit essays that address some topic dealing with Abraham Lincoln's presidency. A new topic is chosen each year. Written by middle school/junior high and high school students, this year's 19 essays concern…

  6. 78 FR 26227 - Law Day, U.S.A., 2013

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-05-03

    ... all. We reflect on the Emancipation Proclamation, issued by President Abraham Lincoln 150 years ago to... States of America the two hundred and thirty- seventh. (Presidential Sig.) [FR Doc. 2013-10754 Filed 5-2.... Martin Luther King, Jr., stood in Lincoln's shadow a century later and gave voice to a dream,...

  7. Discover Presidential Log Cabins. Teacher's Discussion Guide.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Park Service (Dept. of Interior), Washington, DC.

    Discover Presidential Log Cabins is a set of materials designed to help educate 6-8 grade students about the significance of three log cabin sites occupied by George Washington, Ulysses Grant, Abraham Lincoln, and Theodore Roosevelt. This teacher's discussion guide is intended for use as part of a larger, comprehensive social studies program, and…

  8. The Homestead Act of 1862. Teaching with Documents.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Archives and Records Administration, Washington, DC.

    On January 1, 1863, Daniel Freeman, a Union Army scout convinced a land office clerk in St. Louis (Missouri) to open the office shortly after midnight so that Freeman could file a land claim. In doing so, Freeman became one of the first to take advantage of the opportunities provided by the Homestead Act, a law signed by President Abraham Lincoln…

  9. Learning from Heroes. Volume I.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Frye, Vera

    This book is intended for teachers and parents who want to give their students and children inspiring models to imitate in developing positive character traits and attitudes. In the book are individuals from today (like Bill Cosby) or people in the past (like Abraham Lincoln) who will inspire children. In all, the book portrays 75 people of…

  10. As Land-Grant Law Turns 150, Students Crowd into Agriculture Colleges

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Biemiller, Lawrence

    2012-01-01

    On July 2, 1862, Abraham Lincoln signed Justin Morrill's second agriculture-school bill into law. Along with another measure he championed, in 1890, it created a system of land-grant colleges that rooted agriculture firmly in university research and helped democratize American higher education, creating institutions not for the sons and daughters…

  11. The specifics of superconductivity

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Grant, Paul M.

    2011-07-01

    When addressing the general audience of any scientific discipline, it is wise to remember Abraham Lincoln, who (almost) said "You can please all physicists some of the time and some physicists all of the time, but never all physicists all of the time."

  12. Surfing for Social Studies Software: A Practical Guide to Locating and Selecting Resources on the Internet.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Foster, Stuart J.; Hoge, John

    1997-01-01

    Reviews a list of seven Web sites that provide extensive information on software available from educational agencies or companies specializing in media products. Recommends 15 social studies software programs covering a variety of topics including the Mayan civilization, Abraham Lincoln, and the Vietnam War. (MJP)

  13. The Impeachment of Andrew Johnson. Web Lesson.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Constitutional Rights Foundation, Los Angeles, CA.

    This lesson presents the historical background of Abraham Lincoln's selection of Andrew Johnson as his running mate in the election of 1864. The lesson considers the climate in the U.S. Congress after President Lincoln's assassination. The details of the impeachment and trial of President Andrew Johnson are given. The lesson presents three…

  14. Courtroom Classics.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Update on Law-Related Education, 1999

    1999-01-01

    Gives background information on 12 famous litigators who each influenced the future of the judicial system and transformed the United States into what it is today; included, among others, are John Adams, Abraham Lincoln, Thurgood Marshall, Daniel Webster, and Clara Shortridge Foltz. (CMK)

  15. The Civil War Online: Using the Internet To Teach U.S. History.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shawhan, Joanne Parnes

    1998-01-01

    Research topics are described for class projects on the American Civil War and presented in the following seven categories: causes of the Civil War; The Election of 1860; Abraham Lincoln; music and poetry of the era; slavery; Civil War soldiers; and women during the war. Web resources are shown for each section in box displays. (AEF)

  16. THE MENTALLY RETARDED CHILD.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    LEVINSON, ABRAHAM

    THIS IS A REVISION BY THE LEVINSON FOUNDATION STAFF OF A BOOK WRITTEN BY DR. ABRAHAM LEVINSON IN 1952. WRITTEN FOR PARENTS OF MENTALLY RETARDED CHILDREN, THE BOOK REVIEWS TYPICAL PARENTAL REACTIONS TO THE BIRTH OF A RETARDED CHILD AND OFFERS ADVICE ON HOME CARE, SIBLING ACCEPTANCE, AND DISCIPLINE. ITS CONTENTS INCLUDE SUCH MATTERS AS HISTORICAL…

  17. John Wilkes Booth and the Lincoln Conspiracy.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nufrio, Ronald M.

    The 1865 conspiracy to assassinate Abraham Lincoln also included plans to assassinate other government officials on that same April evening. The actor, John Wilkes Booth, succeeded in killing Lincoln, but his fellow conspirators bungled their attempts to kill William Seward, Andrew Johnson, Ulysses S. Grant, and possibly Edwin Stanton. In…

  18. Taking Advantage of Murder and Mayhem for Social Studies.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Harden, G. Daniel

    1991-01-01

    Suggests the use of key historical antisocial acts to teach social studies concepts as a means of arousing the interest of adolescents. Recommends overcoming initial sensationalism by shifting emphasis to more appropriate interests. Includes discussion of the Abraham Lincoln and John F. Kennedy assassinations and the Rosenberg spy case. Suggests…

  19. The American Thanksgiving: The Evolution of a Tradition.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Travers, Carolyn

    1991-01-01

    Discusses the development of the modern U.S. Thanksgiving celebration from the earlier traditions of ancient English harvest festivals, solemn religious observances, and the commemoration of the Pilgrims' landing known as Forefathers' Day. Presents primary source material including excerpts from journals by William Bradford and Abraham Lincoln's…

  20. ATS Information Exchange

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Breyer, Walter H.

    Questions answered on: telescope maker Emile Schaer by Christof Plicht, Peter Abrahams and Robert B. Ariail; the firm of Gall and Lembke, NY by Bart Fried; Bonn Double Refractor (Repsold factory, Steinheil optics) by Michael Geffert; Foucault Eyepiece by Eugene Rudd; Ross Evans spyglass by R.C. Blankenhorn; and a Moralee nautical spyglass by Willem M. Bruyns

  1. Spielberg's "Lincoln" Fulfills the President's Emancipation Legacy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wolfford, David

    2013-01-01

    Steven Spielberg's latest movie "Lincoln" updates Americans' national understanding of their sixteenth president and provides a partial, artful lesson on the passage of the Thirteenth Amendment that abolished slavery. Starring Daniel Day-Lewis, this movie will become a defining work on President Abraham Lincoln's character and leadership in his…

  2. Lincoln, Lincoln, Bo Bincoln: Movies that Hail to the Chief

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Beck, Bernard

    2013-01-01

    In this article Abraham Lincoln is considered as an alternative to the usual type of patriot's hero. He reminds us of our great historical failings. He remains a figure of controversy, a national hero in only some corners of society. He is the heroic President who serves as the first compassionate defender of the downtrodden, and he is a hero…

  3. Total longitudinal momentum in a dispersive optical waveguide.

    PubMed

    Yu, Jianhui; Chen, Chunyan; Zhai, Yanfang; Chen, Zhe; Zhang, Jun; Wu, Lijun; Huang, Furong; Xiao, Yi

    2011-12-01

    Using the Lorentz force law, we derived simpler expressions for the total longitudinal (conserved) momentum and the mechanical momentums associated with an optical pulse propagating along a dispersive optical waveguide. These expressions can be applied to an arbitrary non-absorptive optical waveguide having continuous translational symmetry. Our simulation using finite difference time domain (FDTD) method verified that the total momentum formula is valid in a two-dimensional infinite waveguide. We studied the conservation of the total momentum and the transfer of the momentum to the waveguide for the case when an optical pulse travels from a finite waveguide to vacuum. We found that neither the Abraham nor the Minkowski momentum expression for an electromagnetic wave in a waveguide represents the complete total (conserved) momentum. Only the total momentum as we derived for a mode propagating in a dispersive optical waveguides is the 'true' conserved momentum. This total momentum can be expressed as PTot = -U Die/(vg) + neff (U/c). It has three contributions: (1) the Abraham momentum; (2) the momentum from the Abraham force, which equals to the difference between the Abraham momentum and the Minkowski momentum; and (3) the momentum from the dipole force which can be expressed as -UDie/vg. The last two contributions constitute the mechanical momentum. Compared with FDTD-Lorentz-force method, the presently derived total momentum formula provides a better method in terms of analyzing the permanent transfer of optical momentum to a waveguide. PMID:22273917

  4. How Religiosity Helps Couples Prevent, Resolve, and Overcome Marital Conflict

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lambert, Nathaniel M.; Dollahite, David C.

    2006-01-01

    This study reports on in-depth interviews with 57 highly religious, middle-aged married couples representing the major Abrahamic faiths (Christianity, Judaism, Islam) residing in New England and Northern California. The study uses grounded theory methods to create themes and a model describing the ways that religiosity influences marital conflict.…

  5. 2000 African American History Month Celebration Luncheon

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2000-01-01

    Mack McKinney (left), chief, Programs Resources Management, and Delores Abraham (right), with the Astronaut office, flank one of the posters decorating the Early Space Exploration Conference Center at the KSC Visitor Complex for the 2000 African American History Month Celebration Luncheon. McKinney is chairperson for the event.

  6. Mary Lincoln's Madness: Understanding the Factors that Influence the Diagnosis and Treatment of Bipolar Disorder

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dick, Carina; Renes, Susan L.; Strange, Anthony T.

    2010-01-01

    Mary Lincoln, wife of President Abraham Lincoln, lived a tragic life. Beginning with the death of her mother when she was a little girl, Mrs. Lincoln experienced a number of family deaths, including three brothers, three sons, and the murder of her beloved husband while she sat by his side. In addition to tragedy, Mrs. Lincoln suffered from poor…

  7. Lincoln, Lincoln, Bo Bincoln: Movies that Hail to the Chief

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Beck, Bernard

    2013-01-01

    In this article Abraham Lincoln is considered as an alternative to the usual type of patriot's hero. He reminds us of our great historical failings. He remains a figure of controversy, a national hero in only some corners of society. He is the heroic President who serves as the first compassionate defender of the downtrodden, and he is a hero…

  8. How Technology Can Promote the Learning of Proof

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Muller, Kimberly O.

    2010-01-01

    While serving in the U.S. Congress, Abraham Lincoln, a self-taught learner, mastered Euclid's Elements (Basler 1953). Most students today do not study mathematics for recreation. Unlike Lincoln, they need a little help in learning how to write a geometry proof. Today's technology--specifically, The Geometer's Sketchpad[R] (GSP)--can help make…

  9. Toward Effective Advocacy for Humanistic Values.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Aspy, David N.; Aspy, Cheryl B.

    1998-01-01

    There is a vigorous, national values debate in America today because of the general sense that the nation's moral standards are in decline. Historically, humanistically oriented counselors such as Abraham Maslow and Carl Rogers have contributed to the values discussions. This article provides a conceptual framework for humanistic counselors of…

  10. 1. INTERIOR VIEW WITH NAVE, BARREL VAULTED SOLEA, ICONOSTAS WITH ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    1. INTERIOR VIEW WITH NAVE, BARREL VAULTED SOLEA, ICONOSTAS WITH ICON AND SANCTUARY. IN ARCH ABOVE THE SANCTUARY IS THE TABLE OF ABRAHAM. THE ICONOSTAS INCLUDES ICONS OF THE ARCHANGEL MICHAEL, THE HOLY TRINITY, MOTHER OF GOD HOLDING THE CHRIST CHILD, JESUS. - Holy Trinity-Holy Cross Greek Orthodox Church, 200 Nineteenth Street South, Birmingham, Jefferson County, AL

  11. What's Happening in February?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Weissman, Ron; And Others

    Brief information is given on 12 February events celebrated by Puerto Ricans: Groundhog Day; Candlemas; St. Valentine's Day; Mardi Gras; Ash Wednesday; Black History; and the birthdays of Thomas Alva Edison, Abraham Lincoln, Susan B. Anthony, Julia de Burgos, Luis Munoz Marin, and George Washington. Designed as a teacher resource, the booklet…

  12. Are Higher Standards and Students' Needs Compatible?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dodd, Anne Wescott

    2000-01-01

    Abraham Maslow's needs hierarchy proposes that people must satisfy their "deficiency" needs (for food, safety, love, belonging, and esteem) before they can move toward growth and achievement. Schools should help all students meet standards, stress rate of improvement, and report scores on school-climate measures. (MLH)

  13. Maslow's Hierarchy and Student Retention.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brookman, David M.

    1989-01-01

    Abraham Maslow's hierarchy of needs offers perspective on student motivation and a rationale for college retention programing. Student affairs and faculty interventions addressing student safety needs and engaging students' sense of purpose reinforce persistence. A mentor program is a possible cooperative effort between student personnel and…

  14. The Loud, Clear, and Transporting Voice of Oral Interpretation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Vartabedian, Robert A.

    This essay examines the art of oral interpretation from a "vocal" perspective--that is, it focuses on the crucial nature of vocal dimensions in oral interpretation. Moreover, the essay argues for an interpreter's hierarchy of vocal needs (modeled after Abraham Maslow's 1970 theory). The interpreter's hierarchy of vocal needs involves basic…

  15. The Misinterpretation of a Key Paper in Library Literature.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wright, H. Curtis

    Abraham Kaplan has produced the clearest philosophical insights in all of library literature into the real nature of library education by providing an outsider's view of librarianship that (1) explains the "mess" librarians are in; (2) identifies humanism as the firm foundation of their profession; and (3) correlates librarianship with the…

  16. The Threefold Cord: Marital Commitment in Religious Couples

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lambert, Nathaniel M.; Dollahite, David C.

    2008-01-01

    This study reports results from in-depth interviews with 57 highly religious middle-aged married couples representing the major Abrahamic faiths (Christianity, Judaism, Islam) and residing in New England and Northern California. The study uses grounded theory methods to create themes that describe the ways that religiosity influences marital…

  17. Ideas That Shaped American Schools.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Parker, Franklin

    1981-01-01

    Briefly discusses 10 books, or series of books, that represent major turning points in American education in the last 75 years. The authors include William H. McGuffey, Abraham Flexner, Lewis M. Terman, John Dewey, George S. Counts, Jerome S. Bruner, James S. Coleman, Michael B. Katz, and B. F. Skinner. (IRT)

  18. Talking about Religion: How Highly Religious Youth and Parents Discuss Their Faith

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dollahite, David C.; Thatcher, Jennifer Y.

    2008-01-01

    This study builds on previous research regarding parent-child religious conversations to explore the transactional processes of these conversations. It employs qualitative analyses of interviews with highly religious parents and adolescents representing the Abrahamic faiths (Christianity, Judaism, Islam) from New England and Northern California.…

  19. Arts Education Quality Rubric and the "ArtsCounts" Initiative. IESP Policy Brief No. 01-09

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Institute for Education and Social Policy, 2009

    2009-01-01

    In 1975, New York City found itself on the verge of bankruptcy, and newly-elected Mayor Abraham Beame was forced to enact massive cuts in the city's budget. Some of the hardest hit programs were arts education classes in the public schools--funding for programs in visual arts, dance, music and theater were slashed from the Board of Education's…

  20. George W. Bush at Goree Island: American Slavery and the Rhetoric of Redemption

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Medhurst, Martin J.

    2010-01-01

    On July 8, 2003, at Goree Island, Senegal, George W. Bush delivered the most important speech on American slavery since Abraham Lincoln. As an example of rhetorical artistry, the speech is a masterpiece, putting the brutality of slavery into historical, political, and theological perspective. Although the speech had deliberative effects--it grew…

  1. Linguistic Insights in Applied Linguistics. Collection d'"Etudes linguistiques," No. 14. Papers from the Neuchatel Colloquium in Applied Linguistics in collaboration with AIMAV, AILA, CILA, and the University of Neuchatel (2nd, May 25-26, 1973).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Corder, S. P., Ed.; Roulet, E., Ed.

    Papers from the 1973 Neuchatel Colloquium in Applied Linguistics are presented. Contents are as follows: "Karttunen's Types of Implication in English and German: A Contrastive Study," W. Abraham; "The Relevance of Generative Semantics for Language Teaching," R. Dirven; "'Be' plus 'ing' Revisited," H. Adamczeski; "The So-Called Deep Structures and…

  2. Case Study: Challenging Change.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    May, Steven K.

    2003-01-01

    Discusses a case study involving organizational change and its effect on employees. Presents three responses to the case study: "Paradox of Ordering Change: I Insist That We Work as a Team" (Paaige K. Turner); "Managing Change Is Managing Meaning" (Greg Hearn and Abraham Ninan); and "The Psychodynamics of an Organizational Change Initiative"…

  3. Creating a Project on Difference Equations with Primary Sources: Challenges and Opportunities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ruch, David

    2014-01-01

    This article discusses the creation of a student project about linear difference equations using primary sources. Early 18th-century developments in the area are outlined, focusing on efforts by Abraham De Moivre (1667-1754) and Daniel Bernoulli (1700-1782). It is explained how primary sources from these authors can be used to cover material…

  4. Some Implications of Linguistic Theory for Applied Linguistics. Collection d'"Etudes linguistiques," No. 19. Papers from the Neuchatel Colloquium in Applied Linguistics in collaboration with AIMAV, AILA, CILA, and the University of Neuchatel (3rd, May 30-June 1, 1974).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Corder, S. P., Ed.; Roulet, E., Ed.

    Papers that address implications of linguistic theory for applied linguistics are presented. In "Some Semantic Properties of Some Conjunctions," W. Abraham is concerned with the function of "but" and its translation equivalents in German and other languages. In "Is It Possible and Necessary to Write Text Grammars?," T. P. Krzeszowski examines the…

  5. Experiential Exercises for Gratitude.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Maslow, Abraham H.

    1991-01-01

    Presents previously unpublished paper written by Abraham Maslow in which Maslow discusses gratitude. Claims it is important to acquire the ability to "count one's blessings" and appreciate what is possessed without experiencing its loss. Offers suggestions on applying this principle. (ABL)

  6. A Hierarchy of Human Rights.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brockett, Charles

    To establish an objective conception of human rights, one must first identify basic needs intrinsic to all people and then determine whether these needs are or can be hierarchically ordered. Many scholars have conducted research on the concept of human needs, particularly in the area of human rights. Among these scholars are Abraham H. Maslow…

  7. How We Diminish Ourselves.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Maslow, Abraham H.

    1991-01-01

    Presents previously unpublished paper written by Abraham Maslow, written in November 1966, in which Maslow confronts the issue why so few people are truly self-actualizing. Discusses the Jonah Complex, the willful evasion of personal capacity for growth and accomplishment in life. (Author/ABL)

  8. How to Experience the Unitive Life.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Maslow, Abraham H.

    1991-01-01

    Presents previously unpublished paper written by Abraham Maslow during the mid-1960s in which he outlined dozens of methods for overcoming ennui and "burnout" thereby enriching peoples' lives. Discusses the realm of honesty, pride, and dignity and entering the being-realm. (Author/ABL)

  9. Toward a Reconstruction of Organizational Theory: Androcentric Bias in A. H. Maslow's Theory of Human Motivation and Self-Actualization.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tietze, Irene Nowell; Shakeshaft, Charol

    An exploration in the context of feminist science of one theoretical basis of educational administration--Abraham Maslow's theory of human motivation and self-actualization--finds an androcentric bias in Maslow's methodology, philosophical underpinnings, and theory formulation. Maslow's hypothetico-deductive methodology was based on a…

  10. Optical analysis of spherical mirrors of telescopes: The lens-less Schmidt case

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cattaneo, Paolo Walter

    2009-09-01

    The light distribution on the focal surface of spheric mirrors designed for telescopes in the lens-less Schmidt configuration is calculated analytically using geometrical optics. This analysis was motivated by considerations of the design of the AUGER fluorescence detector [J. Abraham, et al., Nucl. Instr. and Meth. A 533 (2004) 50]. Its geometrical parameters are used in the examples.

  11. Spielberg's "Lincoln" Fulfills the President's Emancipation Legacy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wolfford, David

    2013-01-01

    Steven Spielberg's latest movie "Lincoln" updates Americans' national understanding of their sixteenth president and provides a partial, artful lesson on the passage of the Thirteenth Amendment that abolished slavery. Starring Daniel Day-Lewis, this movie will become a defining work on President Abraham Lincoln's character and leadership in his…

  12. Teaching Critical Thinking by Asking "Could Lincoln Be Elected Today?"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jamieson, Kathleen Hall

    2012-01-01

    Because in his Gettysburg Address, President Abraham Lincoln said, "we here highly resolve that these dead shall not have died in vain," and "...that government of the people, by the people, for the people, shall not perish from the earth," it is accurate to report that he spoke the words "perish from the earth" and "died in vain." But if his 1864…

  13. "They Mean Something More!" Teaching about Symbols Using Balanced Integration

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Vesperman, Dean P.; Bernens-Kinkead, Donna J.; Loudermilk, Liesl S.; Newsom, Gladys I. M.

    2012-01-01

    Since the election of 1796, buttons, slogans, and, most importantly, symbols have become a mainstay of the American election system. The log cabin symbolized the childhoods of Andrew Jackson and Abraham Lincoln; the sun represented hope on Barack Obama's 2008 presidential election posters. Many people without formal instruction in what symbols…

  14. Teaching Students Sourcing and Contextualizing Strategies Using Newspapers and Lithographs

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Newland, Rebecca

    2014-01-01

    The story of Abraham Lincoln's reaction to meeting Harriet Beecher Stowe is well known. Supposedly, the president greeted the formidable author with, "So you're the little woman who wrote the book that made this great war!" Although the two did meet in November 1862, there is no evidence that Lincoln said anything of the kind.…

  15. Challenging Students to Differentiate between Election Returns and Results with a Memo and a Telegram from 1864

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Potter, Lee Ann

    2014-01-01

    On Tuesday, November 8, 1864, voters in 25 states--including Kansas, West Virginia, and Nevada for the first time--cast their ballots for president of the United States; voters in the 11 states that had seceded did not participate. Incumbent Abraham Lincoln ran as the Republican nominee (called the National Union Party in the 1864 election), and…

  16. Reflections on Lincoln and English Studies

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wilson, Douglas L.; Mailloux, Steven; Johnson, Nan; Stauffer, John; Wolk, Tony; Schilb, John

    2009-01-01

    2009 is the bicentennial of Abraham Lincoln's birth. Naturally, historians are thrilled. But what about their discipline? Why and how might Lincoln matter to English studies? In this article, the authors reflect on Lincoln and his influence on English studies. They argue that Lincoln has played or can play an important role in the college English…

  17. The Presidents' Day Game

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Maxwell, D. Jackson

    2008-01-01

    The history behind the holiday commonly called "Presidents' Day" is a bit confusing. It started as a federal holiday called Washington's Birthday. It was a day set aside to honor George Washington for his accomplishments as a founding father of the country. Later, many northern states began to recognize Abraham Lincoln's Birthday as well for his…

  18. Model Common-Core Unit Piloted for ELL Teachers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Maxwell, Lesli A.

    2013-01-01

    Seventh and 8th grade English-learners in selected urban schools will soon dive into some of the most celebrated speeches in U.S. history. They'll dissect, for example, Abraham Lincoln's Gettysburg Address, Martin Luther King Jr.'s "I Have a Dream," and Robert F. Kennedy's "On the Death of Martin Luther King." Though their English-language skills…

  19. Learning from Lincoln: Leadership Practices for School Success

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alvy, Harvey; Robbins, Pam

    2010-01-01

    When you think of great leaders, of course Abraham Lincoln would come to mind. But can the life of a great 19th century president really shed light on what 21st century school leaders should do? "Yes," say authors Harvey Alvy and Pam Robbins. Their book explores how Lincoln's ability to persevere and lead despite adversity provides a compelling…

  20. Linguistic Insights in Applied Linguistics. Collection d'"Etudes linguistiques," No. 14. Papers from the Neuchatel Colloquium in Applied Linguistics in collaboration with AIMAV, AILA, CILA, and the University of Neuchatel (2nd, May 25-26, 1973).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Corder, S. P., Ed.; Roulet, E., Ed.

    Papers from the 1973 Neuchatel Colloquium in Applied Linguistics are presented. Contents are as follows: "Karttunen's Types of Implication in English and German: A Contrastive Study," W. Abraham; "The Relevance of Generative Semantics for Language Teaching," R. Dirven; "'Be' plus 'ing' Revisited," H. Adamczeski; "The So-Called Deep Structures and…

  1. John Wilkes Booth and the Lincoln Conspiracy.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nufrio, Ronald M.

    The 1865 conspiracy to assassinate Abraham Lincoln also included plans to assassinate other government officials on that same April evening. The actor, John Wilkes Booth, succeeded in killing Lincoln, but his fellow conspirators bungled their attempts to kill William Seward, Andrew Johnson, Ulysses S. Grant, and possibly Edwin Stanton. In…

  2. Clarity and causality needed in claims about Big Gods.

    PubMed

    Watts, Joseph; Bulbulia, Joseph; Gray, Russell D; Atkinson, Quentin D

    2016-01-01

    We welcome Norenzayan et al.'s claim that the prosocial effects of beliefs in supernatural agents extend beyond Big Gods. To date, however, supporting evidence has focused on the Abrahamic Big God, making generalisations difficult. We discuss a recent study that highlights the need for clarity about the causal path by which supernatural beliefs affect the evolution of big societies. PMID:26948745

  3. Materiales en Marcha Para El Esfuerzo Bilingue--Bicultural (Materials on the March for the Promotion of Bilingualism/Biculturalism), February 1973.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    San Diego City Schools, CA.

    This newsletter is intended to promote the cause of bilingual-bicultural education. It contains a poem celebrating the birthday of Abraham Lincoln and articles on "Exploring Modern Bilingual Biology,""New Covers on the ESL Scene,""Bilingual-Bicultural Education: Background and Foreground," and "Field-Testing Favorites: Third-Grade Lesson for…

  4. Materiales en Marcha Para El Esfuerzo Bilingue--Bicultural (Materials on the March for the Promotion of Bilingualism/Biculturalism), February 1973.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    San Diego City Schools, CA.

    This newsletter is intended to promote the cause of bilingual-bicultural education. It contains a poem celebrating the birthday of Abraham Lincoln and articles on "Exploring Modern Bilingual Biology,""New Covers on the ESL Scene,""Bilingual-Bicultural Education: Background and Foreground," and "Field-Testing Favorites: Third-Grade Lesson for…

  5. Thinking about Religion from a Global Perspective.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Abrahamson, Brant; Smith, Fred

    The Student Text begins with a comparison of Eastern and Western World Religions. The three interrelated Abrahamic faiths are compared with Hindu-Buddhist traditions. Subsequent chapter titles are: "New Religions,""Religion and Morality,""Religion and Science,""Religion and Human Life,""A Historical Perspective" and "Getting Together." An…

  6. Invested in Inquiry

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Clarke, John H.

    2012-01-01

    Imagine a learning format that engages high schoolers personally in their learning while ensuring that they meet their school's prescribed standards. Clarke describes how the Pathways program created at a combined middle/high school in Bristol, Vermont (Mount Abraham Union High School), allows students to center school work around their personal…

  7. The Place of Grammar in the ESL/EFL Classroom: An Annotated Bibliography.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kotapish, Carl E.

    This annotated bibliography includes citations of journal articles and book chapters that focus on current theories related to teaching grammar in English-as-a-Second-Language and English-as-a-Foreign-Language classrooms. Citations include: (1) "Field Independence-Dependence and the Teaching of Grammar" (R. G. Abraham); (2) "Making Informed…

  8. The Dreaming Child: Dreams, Religion and Religious Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Adams, Kate

    2008-01-01

    Dreaming is an integral part of human life. Whilst psychology has generated extensive knowledge and understanding about dreams, it was in religious contexts that they were originally understood. This relationship between dreams and religion is still evident in contemporary society in the scriptures of the Abrahamic faiths, which narrate dreams…

  9. Maslow's Hierarchy and Student Retention.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brookman, David M.

    1989-01-01

    Abraham Maslow's hierarchy of needs offers perspective on student motivation and a rationale for college retention programing. Student affairs and faculty interventions addressing student safety needs and engaging students' sense of purpose reinforce persistence. A mentor program is a possible cooperative effort between student personnel and…

  10. A Validation Study of Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs Theory.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Clay, Rex J.

    A study was conducted to expand the body of research that tests the validity of Abraham Maslow's hierarchy of needs theory in a work context where it often serves as a guide for the supervisor's relationships with his subordinates. Data was gathered by questionnaire which tested for a hierarchy of needs among instructors at four community colleges…

  11. The Personal Relevance of the Social Studies.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    VanSickle, Ronald L.

    1990-01-01

    Conceptualizes a personal-relevance framework derived from Ronald L. VanSickle's five areas of life integrated with four general motivating goals from Abraham Maslow's hierarchy of needs and Richard and Patricia Schmuck's social motivation theory. Illustrates ways to apply the personal relevance framework to make social studies more relevant to…

  12. Starting with the Soul

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Intrator, Sam M.; Kunzman, Robert

    2006-01-01

    Intrator and Kunzman argue that professional development for teachers follows an orientation similar to Abraham Maslow's hierarchy of needs--and that this orientation needs to be reversed. Maslow posited that people must fulfill subsistence needs such as needs for food and safety before they can pursue higher needs like the need for…

  13. The Dreaming Child: Dreams, Religion and Religious Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Adams, Kate

    2008-01-01

    Dreaming is an integral part of human life. Whilst psychology has generated extensive knowledge and understanding about dreams, it was in religious contexts that they were originally understood. This relationship between dreams and religion is still evident in contemporary society in the scriptures of the Abrahamic faiths, which narrate dreams…

  14. Invested in Inquiry

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Clarke, John H.

    2012-01-01

    Imagine a learning format that engages high schoolers personally in their learning while ensuring that they meet their school's prescribed standards. Clarke describes how the Pathways program created at a combined middle/high school in Bristol, Vermont (Mount Abraham Union High School), allows students to center school work around their personal…

  15. The Community College Humanities Review, Winter 1984-1985, Number 6.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schmeltekopf, Donald D., Ed.; Johnson, Glen, Ed.

    1985-01-01

    This issue of "The Community College Humanities Review" contains a series of articles, reviews, and reports addressing various issues related to values education and other areas of the humanities. The issue contains: "The Study of History and the Question of Human Values," by Abraham Ascher; "A Moral Imperative for Teaching Values in a Literature…

  16. A Validation Study of Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs Theory.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Clay, Rex J.

    A study was conducted to expand the body of research that tests the validity of Abraham Maslow's hierarchy of needs theory in a work context where it often serves as a guide for the supervisor's relationships with his subordinates. Data was gathered by questionnaire which tested for a hierarchy of needs among instructors at four community colleges…

  17. Leopold von Buch

    This portrait of Leopold von Buch(1774-1853) was painted in the 1920s by Abner Lowe. Geologist, Paleontologist, and Graduate of the mining academy, Frieburg, Germany, von Buch is largely known for finding flaws in Abraham G. Werner's hypothesis (rocks from aqueous origins). Some of his more importan...

  18. Mary Lincoln's Madness: Understanding the Factors that Influence the Diagnosis and Treatment of Bipolar Disorder

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dick, Carina; Renes, Susan L.; Strange, Anthony T.

    2010-01-01

    Mary Lincoln, wife of President Abraham Lincoln, lived a tragic life. Beginning with the death of her mother when she was a little girl, Mrs. Lincoln experienced a number of family deaths, including three brothers, three sons, and the murder of her beloved husband while she sat by his side. In addition to tragedy, Mrs. Lincoln suffered from poor…

  19. The Use of the Dialogue Concepts from the Arsenal of the Norwegian Dialogue Pedagogy in the Time of Postmodernism

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gradovski, Mikhail

    2012-01-01

    Inspired by the views by the American educationalist Henry Giroux on the role teachers and educationalists should be playing in the time of postmodernism and by Abraham Maslow's concept of biological idiosyncrasy, the author discusses how the concepts of the dialogues created by the representatives of Norwegian Dialogue Pedagogy, Hans Skjervheim,…

  20. Association of Small Computer Users in Education (ASCUE) Summer Conference Proceedings (30th, North Myrtle Beach, South Carolina, June 7-12, 1997).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Smith, Peter, Ed.

    Papers from a conference on small college computing issues are: "An On-line Microcomputer Course for Pre-service Teachers" (Mary K. Abkemeier); "The Mathematics and Computer Science Learning Center (MLC)" (Solomon T. Abraham); "Multimedia for the Non-Computer Science Faculty Member" (Stephen T. Anderson, Sr.); "Achieving Continuous Improvement:…

  1. An Analysis of Total Personality as Advocated by Holistic Theorists and Its Effect upon Healthy Personality. Final Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Frick, Willard B.

    This conceptual work is concerned with the development of a holistic theory of personality. The following were selected for their strong orientation in this direction: Gordon Allport, Andras Angyal, Kurt Goldstein, Prescott Lecky, Abraham Maslow, Bardner Murphy, and Carl Rogers. The four themes which emerged from an analysis of their writings are…

  2. If We Knew What Spirituality Was, We Would Teach for It

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Yob, Iris M.

    2011-01-01

    Two extraordinary recent experiences that the author would call highly "spiritual" are explored against the background of ideas provided by writers such as Friedrich Schleiermacher, Rudolf Otto, Paul Tillich, and Abraham Maslow to unpack what spirituality is, with particular attention to the emotions and the insights involved in spirituality. The…

  3. Observations with FG5 and A10 absolute gravimeters on Ross Island and in Terra Nova Bay in November-December 2011

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Rogister, Yves; Hothem, Larry; Nielsen, J. Emil; Bernard, Jean-Daniel; Hinderer, Jacques; Forsberg, René; Wilson, Terry; Capra, Alessandro; Zanutta, Antonio; Winefield, Rachelle; Collett, Dave

    2013-04-01

    A campaign of absolute gravity (AG) measurements was conducted with both FG5 and A10 meters on Ross Island and in Terra Nova Bay in November and December 2011. It resulted from a collaboration between Danish, French, Italian, New Zealand and US agencies and institutes, under the POLENET program. For the second time in 2 years, AG was measured at McMurdo Station and Scott Base. For the fifth time in 21 years, it was measured at Mario Zucchelli Station. Moreover, AG field observations were initiated at various GPS stations of the A-NET network. We will report on the very last campaign, show the gravity trends at McMurdo Station, Scott Base and Mario Zucchelli Station, and describe how they compare to estimates of the gravity variation derived from space measurements by the GRACE twin satellites.

  4. Thermomechanical simulation of the DIAMINO irradiation experiment using the LICOS fuel design code

    SciTech Connect

    Bejaoui, S.; Helfer, T.; Brunon, E.; Lambert, T.; Bendotti, S.; Neyroud, C.

    2013-07-01

    Two separate-effect experiments in the HFR and OSIRIS Material Test Reactors (MTRs) are currently under Post- Irradiation Examinations (MARIOS) and under preparation (DIAMINO) respectively. The main goal of these experiments is to investigate gaseous release and swelling of Am-bearing UO2-x fuels as a function of temperature, fuel microstructure and gas production rate. First, a brief description of the MARIOS and DIAMINO irradiations is provided. Then, the innovative experimental in-pile device specifically developed for the DIAMINO experiment is described. Eventually, the thermo-mechanical computations performed using the LICOS code are presented. These simulations support the DIAMINO experimental design and highlight some of the capabilities of the code. (authors)

  5. STS-44 Mission Specialist (MS) Runco floats on OV-104's middeck

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1991-01-01

    STS-44 Mission Specialist (MS) Mario Runco, Jr, wearing communications kit assembly headset (HDST), freefloats on the middeck of Atlantis, Orbiter Vehicle (OV) 104. HDST interface unit (HIU) is strapped to Runco's thigh. Note that his back is against the middeck ceiling, his feet at the port side wall, and his left hand at the forward lockers. Runco is also wearing a United States Navy t-shirt.

  6. STS-44 crewmembers test flight equipment onboard KC-135 NASA 930

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1991-01-01

    STS-44 crewmembers take a break from testing flight equipment onboard KC-135 NASA 930 and tumble in the microgravity created during parabolic flight. Left to right are Mission Specialist (MS) Mario Runco, Jr, Payload Specialist Thomas J. Hennen (mustache), Commander Frederick D. Gregory, MS F. Story Musgrave (in background), MS James S. Voss, and Pilot Terence T. Henricks. The crew was experimenting with equipment they will operate during their mission aboard Atlantis, Orbiter Vehicle (OV) 104.

  7. Three bronze medals for Switzerland at the 45(th) International Chemistry Olympiad in Moscow, Russia.

    PubMed

    Wicky, Basile I M; Keller, Sebastian F; Meier, Lucia D; Frei, Michelle S

    2013-01-01

    A team of four students from Swiss high schools, selected in a national competition and accompanied by their mentors, represented their country at the 45(th) International Chemistry Olympiad (IChO) held in July 2013 in Moscow, Russia. The exceptional performances of Patrik Willi, Boris Stolz and Mario De Capitani in both practical and theoretical chemistry were rewarded by three bronze medals at the international level, reflecting their efforts during the year-long preparation prior to the competition. PMID:24388145

  8. KSC-04PD-0956

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2004-01-01

    KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. Mario Busacca, with the Safety, Occupational Health and Environmental Division, handles a snake at one of the exhibits for KSCs annual Environmental and Energy Awareness Week, held April 20-22. Presentations included Chemistry Safety, Cost-Effective Solar Applications, Non-Native Invasive Plant Identification and Control, Energy Efficient Lighting Systems, and Historical Changes in KSCs Ecosystems. The slogan for this years event was Today's Conservation Defines Tomorrow's Future.

  9. STS-44 crewmembers exercise using treadmill rowing device on OV-104's middeck

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1991-01-01

    STS-44 Pilot Terence T. Henricks (foreground) 'rows' on the modified treadmill device used by crewmembers for biomedical evaluations and for exercising. Earlier, the treadmill, located on the middeck of Atlantis, Orbiter Vehicle (OV) 104, had experienced an anomaly that affected its ability to support the subjects in 'running' mode. Mission Specialist (MS) Mario Runco, Jr (background), his torso bearing sensors, awaits his turn on the treadmill.

  10. Abrahán Enseña astronomía: el prototipo bíblico del estudio del cómputo en las abadías Benedictinas de Cava de' Tirreni y Ripoll.

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Castiñeiras González, M. A.

    In two miscellanies of computus from the abbeys of Cava de' Tirreni (XI century) and Santa María de Ripoll (XII century) an interesting illumination with the patriarch Abraham teaching three Egyptian disciples in secrets of cosmos was represented. The image, not documented in the Vulgata, is derived from a Jewish-Hellenistic tradition that presented Hebrews preceding Egyptians and Greeks in scientific knowledge. The representation of this subject is related to the teaching of astronomy in the Benedictine abbeys to determine the times (horas canonicae) and dates of Easter. But the Isidore's text which accompanies the illumination explains its real meaning: thanks to astrology, that had even practiced by Abraham, magicians were able to determine the birth of Christ. However this event put an end to superstition and was the beginning of Christian time.

  11. Classical electrodynamics of a point particle

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Oliver, M. A.

    1998-02-01

    Even for the simplest physical situations the Lorentz-Dirac equation, solved as an initial value problem, gives unphysical ‘run-away’ solutions. Dirac’s method for avoiding these unphysical solutions generates solutions which exhibit unphysical acausal pre-acceleration. A careful examination of the application of the conservation of momentum in the derivation of the Abraham self-force reveals a fundamental error concerning the force acting on the particle. This error, originally made by Abraham (1903), has been repeated by subsequent investigators. When corrected, a new equation of motion results. A discussion of the general properties of the new equation of motion is given, and solutions for several important special cases are presented. The behaviour of these solutions is causal, physically reasonable, and easily understood.

  12. Charge carrier hopping transport based on Marcus theory and variable-range hopping theory in organic semiconductors

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lu, Nianduan; Li, Ling; Banerjee, Writam; Sun, Pengxiao; Gao, Nan; Liu, Ming

    2015-07-01

    Charge carrier hopping transport is generally taken from Miller-Abrahams and Marcus transition rates. Based on the Miller-Abrahams theory and nearest-neighbour range hopping theory, Apsley and Hughes developed a concise calculation method (A-H method) to study the hopping conduction in disordered systems. Here, we improve the A-H method to investigate the charge carrier hopping transport by introducing polaron effect and electric field based on Marcus theory and variable-range hopping theory. This improved method can well describe the contribution of polaron effect, energetic disorder, carrier density, and electric field to the charge carrier transport in disordered organic semiconductor. In addition, the calculated results clearly show that the charge carrier mobility represents different polaron effect dependence with the polaron activation energy and decreases with increasing electric field strength for large fields.

  13. The binding of the son: psychoanalytic reflections on the symbiosis of anti-semitism and anti-gentilism.

    PubMed

    Stein, H F

    1977-01-01

    Jewish ethno-reliqious history is analyzed as one pole of an interdependent Judeo-Christian system of opposition and symbiosis, in which reciprocal dissociation and projective identification function homeostatically to make history recur and to perpetuate what are ostensibly separate traditions. The nature of identification with the Father and with the Son is explored in the two traditions. Anti-Semitism and anti-Gentilism are seen as mirror images, reflecting what is ego-dystonic and ethosdystonic in Christianity and Judaism. It is argued that the Abraham-Isaac relationship is paradigmatic in Judaism and that throughout Jewish history, the Jewish people have accepted both the sacrificial role of Isaac and the punitive role of Abraham, with the paradoxical consequence that martyrdom is the unconscious symbol of survival. PMID:918235

  14. While passing through.

    PubMed

    Kea, S

    1987-01-01

    Salaria Kea (O'Reilly) was one of 48 nurses who went to Spain with the medical units of the Abraham Lincoln Brigade, the American part of the International Brigades which fought with the Spanish people against Franco's forces. The Medical Bureau to Aid Spanish Democracy, in addition to organizing the ALB medical units, raised money to purchase and send to the Spanish Loyalists 70 ambulances and large quantities of medicines and medical supplies. Salaria Kea was the only black woman in the Abraham Lincoln Brigade. She was cited for courage and efficiency several times in Spanish Loyalist dispatches. These excerpts are from her unpublished memoirs. The entire memoirs will be published by the Institute of Social Medicine and Community Health's History Center. PMID:10301682

  15. Electrostrictive counterforce on fluid microdroplet in short laser pulse.

    PubMed

    Ellingsen, S Å; Brevik, I

    2012-06-01

    When a micrometer-sized fluid droplet is illuminated by a laser pulse, there is a fundamental distinction between two cases. If the pulse is short in comparison with the transit time for sound across the droplet, the disruptive optical Abraham-Minkowski radiation force is countered by electrostriction, and the net stress is compressive. In contrast, if the pulse is long on this scale, electrostriction is cancelled by elastic pressure and the surviving term of the electromagnetic force, the Abraham-Minkowski force, is disruptive and deforms the droplet. Ultrashort laser pulses are routinely used in modern experiments, and impressive progress has moreover been made on laser manipulation of liquid surfaces in recent times, making a theory for combining the two pertinent. We analyze the electrostrictive contribution analytically and numerically for a spherical droplet. PMID:22660076

  16. The enigma of optical momentum in a medium

    PubMed Central

    Barnett, Stephen M.; Loudon, Rodney

    2010-01-01

    It is 100 years since Minkowski and Abraham first gave rival expressions for the momentum of light in a material medium. At the single-photon level, these correspond, respectively, either to multiplying or dividing the free-space value () by the refractive index (n). The debate that this work started has continued till the present day, punctuated by the occasional publication of ‘decisive’ experimental demonstrations supporting one or other of these values. We review the compelling arguments made in support of the Minkowski and Abraham forms and are led to the conclusion that both momenta are correct. We explain why two distinct momenta are needed to describe light in a medium and why each appears as the natural, and experimentally observed, momentum in appropriate situations. PMID:20123741

  17. Descriptors for ions and ion-pairs for use in linear free energy relationships.

    PubMed

    Abraham, Michael H; Acree, William E

    2016-01-22

    The determination of Abraham descriptors for single ions is reviewed, and equations are given for the partition of single ions from water to a number of solvents. These ions include permanent anions and cations and ionic species such as carboxylic acid anions, phenoxide anions and protonated base cations. Descriptors for a large number of ions and ionic species are listed, and equations for the prediction of Abraham descriptors for ionic species are given. The application of descriptors for ions and ionic species to physicochemical processes is given; these are to water-solvent partitions, HPLC retention data, immobilised artificial membranes, the Finkelstein reaction and diffusion in water. Applications to biological processes include brain permeation, microsomal degradation of drugs, skin permeation and human intestinal absorption. The review concludes with a section on the determination of descriptors for ion-pairs. PMID:26189671

  18. Optical pressure deduced from energy relations within relativistic formulations of electrodynamics

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sheppard, Cheyenne J.; Kemp, Brandon A.

    2014-01-01

    The analysis of plane waves normally incident upon moving media yields a velocity-dependent net flow of electromagnetic energy within the system such that optical pressures are deduced. Two common formulations (Chu and Minkowski) are employed to model the phenomena with respect to the Abraham-Minkowski debate. Within the framework of relativistic electrodynamics, two perfect reflectors submerged in a dielectric are used to compare the calculated optical work and pressure exerted to the system for both formulations via momentum and energy conservation. The perfect reflectors are represented by having zero electric field and zero magnetic field at the surface of the perfect electrical conductor and the perfect magnetic conductor, respectively. Comparison of these results gives valuable insight into the differences between Abraham and Minkowski momenta and provides theoretical evidence as to observable effects in actual optical moment transfer to media.

  19. La Stella di Betlemme in arte e scienza

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sigismondi, Costantino

    2014-05-01

    The star of Bethlehem has been represented in many artworks, starting from II century AD in Priscilla Catacumbs in Rome. The 14 pointed silver star of 1717 which is located in the place of birth of Jesus in Bethlehem remembers the numbers of generations 14 repeated three times since Abraham to Jesus in Matthew 1: 1-17. Finally the hypotehsis of Mira Ceti as star of Bethlehem is reviewed

  20. Improbable Research and the Ig Nobel Prizes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Abrahams, Marc

    2008-10-01

    The Ig Nobel Prizes honor achievements that first make people laugh, then make them think. Marc Abrahams, father of the Ig Nobel Prize ceremony and editor of the magazine Annals of Improbable Research, will show us some of the most outstanding Ig Nobel winners. He will also discuss why Ohio has been such a good producer of Ig Nobel Prize winners, and of improbable research.

  1. Saint-Gaudens National Historic Site: Home of a Gilded Age Icon. Teaching with Historic Places.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Percoco, James A.

    Augustus Saint-Gaudens (1848-1907) was a renowned 19th-century U.S. sculptor whose artistic training and talent ensured his place in Gilded Age society. In 1885, he was drawn to Cornish, New Hampshire, to find a place where he could model his latest commission, a statue of Abraham Lincoln. He and his wife established a summer home and studio in an…

  2. What It? How Apportionment Methods Choose Our Presidents

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Caulfield, Michael J.

    2012-01-01

    What if Stephen Douglas instead of Abraham Lincoln had won the U.S. presidential election of 1860? What if John F. Kennedy had not carried some of the eight states he won by 2 percentage points or fewer in 1960? What if six hundred more people in Florida had voted for Al Gore in 2000? And what if, in that same year, the U.S. House of…

  3. Students look to the future.

    PubMed

    Honey, Laura

    2014-02-15

    The future of the veterinary profession formed the theme for this year's congress of the Association of Veterinary Students, held at Nottingham veterinary school on January 25 and 26. Topics under discussion included the RCVS's Professional Development Phase and the new veterinary school at the University of Surrey. Students were also encouraged to take a stand on animal welfare issues by guest speaker Marc Abraham. Laura Honey reports. PMID:24526533

  4. The Bohr paradox

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Crease, Robert P.

    2008-05-01

    In his book Niels Bohr's Times, the physicist Abraham Pais captures a paradox in his subject's legacy by quoting three conflicting assessments. Pais cites Max Born, of the first generation of quantum physics, and Werner Heisenberg, of the second, as saying that Bohr had a greater influence on physics and physicists than any other scientist. Yet Pais also reports a distinguished younger colleague asking with puzzlement and scepticism "What did Bohr really do?".

  5. Overrelaxation by reversible mode coupling

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Nueberger, Herbert

    1988-06-01

    It is argued that the success of overrelaxed stochastic algorithms is generically due to the incorporation of finely tuned reversible mode couplings in the evolution law. A field theoretical formulation of overrelaxation is presented. Within this framework it should be possible to investigate how generic the effect of overrelaxation on critical slowing down is. Discussions with E. Abrahams, S. Adler, G. Bhanot, R. Brower, M. Creutz, U. Heller, J. Sak and J. Zinn-Justin are gratefully acknowledged.

  6. 18. CELLAR, SECOND BAY FROM EAST END. First floor joist ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    18. CELLAR, SECOND BAY FROM EAST END. First floor joist studded with rose head nails in the pattern, 'AC + IC 1755 +'. 'AC' is Abraham Carlisle, one of the carpenters of the Greater Meeting House built at Second and Market Streets in 1755. 'IC' may be his apprentice Isaac or John Coates. See the account of the 125th anniversary of the Twelfth Street Meeting House written by Albert Savery. - Twelfth Street Meeting House, 20 South Twelfth Street, Philadelphia, Philadelphia County, PA

  7. What Happened to Self-Actualization? Commentary on Kenrick et al. (2010).

    PubMed

    Peterson, Christopher; Park, Nansook

    2010-05-01

    Abraham Maslow's hierarchy of needs is one of psychology's genuinely good ideas and has had a sustained impact in and out of psychology. The revision of the hierarchy by Kenrick, Griskevicius, Neuberg, and Schaller (2010, this issue) is overdue and makes an important contribution by grounding the hierarchy in modern evolutionary thought. However, we suggest that it may be premature to remove self-actualization from the hierarchy by reducing it to other needs associated with status and reproduction. PMID:26162162

  8. What It? How Apportionment Methods Choose Our Presidents

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Caulfield, Michael J.

    2012-01-01

    What if Stephen Douglas instead of Abraham Lincoln had won the U.S. presidential election of 1860? What if John F. Kennedy had not carried some of the eight states he won by 2 percentage points or fewer in 1960? What if six hundred more people in Florida had voted for Al Gore in 2000? And what if, in that same year, the U.S. House of…

  9. Eyewitness Account of Dr. Robert King Stone, President Lincoln's Family Physician

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bredhoff, Stacey

    2007-01-01

    On April 14, 1865, at approximately 10:20 p.m., John Wilkes Booth, a prominent American actor, sneaked up behind President Abraham Lincoln as he watched a play from the presidential box at Ford's Theater and shot him in the back of the head at point-blank range. Of the 14 doctors who attended to President Lincoln on the night of his assassination,…

  10. Biopolitical science.

    PubMed

    Arnhart, Larry

    2010-03-01

    This article develops a theoretical framework for biopolitical science as a science of political animals. This science moves through three levels of deep political history: the universal political history of the species, the cultural political history of the group, and the individual political history of animals in the group. To illustrate the particular application of biopolitical science, this essay shows how this science would help us to understand Abraham Lincoln's Emancipation Proclamation of January 1, 1863. PMID:20812796

  11. Clinical and MRI findings in spinocerebellar ataxia type 5.

    PubMed

    Stevanin, G; Herman, A; Brice, A; Dürr, A

    1999-10-12

    Spinocerebellar ataxia type 5 (SCA5), one of the genetically heterogeneous autosomal dominant cerebellar ataxias, was assigned to chromosome 11 in a single family descending from the grandparents of President Abraham Lincoln. We report a second, apparently unrelated, SCA5 family of French origin. The overall clinical picture was a slowly progressive cerebellar syndrome beginning mostly in the third decade (27+/-10 years, range 14 to 40). MRI showed a marked global cerebellar atrophy similar to SCA6. PMID:10522902

  12. Repair and maintenance of fiber optic data links on Navy aircraft

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Fryland, Eric

    1992-02-01

    This paper will examine the problems and concerns of repairing fiber optic data links on carrier based Navy aircraft and will present the results of fiber optic splice testing that was performed aboard the USS Abraham Lincoln (CVN-72) in January 1991. Mechanical splicing of 50/125 micrometer fiber was performed at the various Navy maintenance levels in order to quantify the effects of the aircraft carrier environment on fiber optic splicing. Results, conclusions and recommendations will be given.

  13. Lincoln's craniofacial microsomia: three-dimensional laser scanning of 2 Lincoln life masks.

    PubMed

    Fishman, Ronald S; Da Silveira, Adriana

    2007-08-01

    Examination of 2 life masks of Abraham Lincoln's face was performed by means of 3-dimensional laser surface scanning. This technique enabled documentation and analysis of Lincoln's facial contours and demonstrated his marked facial asymmetry, particularly evident in the smaller left superior orbital rim. This may have led to retroplacement of the trochlea on the left side, leading, in turn, to the mild superior oblique paresis that was manifested intermittently during adulthood. PMID:17698764

  14. Observing Globular Clusters

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wilson, B.; Murdin, P.

    2003-04-01

    The first globular cluster (see GLOBULAR CLUSTERS and GALACTIC STAR CLUSTERS: OBSERVING BY AMATEURS) discovered was M22, by a German amateur astronomer, Johann Abraham Ihle, while observing Saturn in Sagittarius in 1665. M22's discovery is credited to Ihle in Edmund Halley's catalog of six nebulae: `An Account of several Nebulae or lucid Spots like Clouds, lately discovered among the Fixt Stars by...

  15. Eyewitness Account of Dr. Robert King Stone, President Lincoln's Family Physician

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bredhoff, Stacey

    2007-01-01

    On April 14, 1865, at approximately 10:20 p.m., John Wilkes Booth, a prominent American actor, sneaked up behind President Abraham Lincoln as he watched a play from the presidential box at Ford's Theater and shot him in the back of the head at point-blank range. Of the 14 doctors who attended to President Lincoln on the night of his assassination,…

  16. National hydrogen energy roadmap

    SciTech Connect

    None, None

    2002-11-01

    This report was unveiled by Energy Secretary Spencer Abraham in November 2002 and provides a blueprint for the coordinated, long-term, public and private efforts required for hydrogen energy development. Based on the results of the government-industry National Hydrogen Energy Roadmap Workshop, held in Washington, DC on April 2-3, 2002, it displays the development of a roadmap for America's clean energy future and outlines the key barriers and needs to achieve the hydrogen vision goals defined in

  17. Prosociality and religion: History and experimentation.

    PubMed

    Beit-Hallahmi, Benjamin

    2016-01-01

    Norenzayan et al. are praised for choosing to deal with significant questions in the understanding of religion. They are then criticized for refusing to define religion and for relying on problematic theoretical concepts. The authors discuss Abrahamic religions as the best-known prosocial religions, but the evidence shows that the case does not fit their conceptual framework. Finally, an extension of the authors' ideas about the meaning of priming effects is proposed. PMID:26948749

  18. STS-54 EV2 Runco attaches PFR to OV-105's PLB longeron during DTO 1210 EVA

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1993-01-01

    STS-54 Mission Specialist (MS1) and extravehicular crewmember 2 (EV2) Mario Runco, Jr, wearing extravehicular mobility unit (EMU), positions a portable foot restraint (PFR) on sill longeron in Endeavour's, Orbiter Vehicle (OV) 105's, payload bay (PLB) during Detailed Test Objective (DTO) 1210, extravehicular activity (EVA) operations procedure/training. Once attached, Runco will test the ability to climb into the PFR without handholds. This EVA is the first in a series to broaden EVA procedures and training experience bases and proficiency in preparation for future EVAs such as the Hubble Space Telescope (HST) and Space Station Freedom (SSF).

  19. STS-54 EV2 Runco attaches PFR to OV-105's PLB longeron during DTO 1210 EVA

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1993-01-01

    STS-54 Mission Specialist (MS1) and extravehicular crewmember 2 (EV2) Mario Runco, Jr, wearing extravehicular mobility unit (EMU), uses tool (wrench) to attach the portable foot restraint (PFR) into its position on sill longeron in Endeavour's, Orbiter Vehicle (OV) 105's, payload bay (PLB) during Detailed Test Objective (DTO) 1210, extravehicular activity (EVA) operations procedure/training. Once attached, Runco will test the ability to climb into the PFR without handholds. This EVA is the first in a series to broaden EVA procedures and training experience bases and proficiency in preparation for future EVAs such as the Hubble Space Telescope (HST) and Space Station Freedom (SSF).

  20. AGU members elected to Academy

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Six AGU members are among the sixty new members and fifteen foreign associates elected on April 27 to the National Academy of Sciences in recognition of their distinguished and continuing achievements in original research.AGU members elected were AGU Past-President G. Brent Dalrymple of USGS, Menlo Park, Calif.; Donald J . DePaolo, University of California, Berkeley; Ho-Kwang (David) Mao, Carnegie Institution, Washington, D.C.; Mario J . Molina, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge; and Alexandra Navrotsky, Princeton University, Princeton, N.J. Elected as foreign associates were Nikolai V. Sobolev, Russian Academy of Sciences, Novosibirsk, and Friedrich H. Busse, University of Bayreuth, Germany.

  1. STS-44 onboard (in-space) crew portrait features 'Trash Man' Hennen

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1991-01-01

    STS-44 crewmembers, wearing mission polo shirts, pose for a second onboard (in-space) portrait on the middeck of Atlantis, Orbiter Vehicle (OV) 104. This portrait was intended to focus on Payload Specialist Thomas J. Hennen, holding extended duration orbiter (EDO) trash compactor handles, who earned the nickname, 'Trash Man' during the flight. It was Hennen who 'starred' in a brief onboard video production about the disposal of trash and waste. Others in the picture are (front row) Commander Frederick D. Gregory (left) and Mission Specialist (MS) James S. Voss and (back row left to right) MS Mario Runco, Jr, MS F. Story Musgrave, and Pilot Terence T. Henricks.

  2. Toys in Space, 2

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Herbert, Dexter (editor)

    1993-01-01

    In this educational video from the 'Liftoff to Learning' series, astronauts from the STS-54 Mission (Mario Runco, John Casper, Don McMonagle, Susan Helms, and Greg Harbaugh) explain how microgravity and weightlessness in space affects motion by using both mechanical and nonmechanical toys (gravitrons, slinkys, dart boards, magnetic marbles, and others). The gravitational effects on rotation, force, acceleration, magnetism, magnetic fields, center of axis, and velocity are actively demonstrated using these toys through experiments onboard the STS-54 Mission flight as a part of their spaceborne experiment payload. [Resource Guide referenced in the video is not available.

  3. Issues in optimising and standardising the accuracy and utility of the colposcopic examination in the HPV era

    PubMed Central

    Schiffman, Mark; Wentzensen, Nicolas

    2015-01-01

    For this tribute to Mario Sideri, we reviewed some of the current issues in colposcopy, many of which we were researching with him. The review concentrates on the impact of HPV testing on cervical screening, specifically on the practice of colposcopy as the major diagnostic procedure in cervical screening programmes. Topics include the changing population of women referred to colposcopy, evolving views of the colposcopic impression, differing approaches to directed and random biopsy, issues in teaching colposcopy using static images, and the development of colposcopy aids, and simplified visual assessment techniques. PMID:25987899

  4. Sol-Gel Microspheres Doped with Glycerol: A Structural Insight in Light of Forthcoming Applications in the Polyurethane Foam Industry

    PubMed Central

    Ciriminna, Rosaria; Fidalgo, Alexandra; Ilharco, Laura M; Pagliaro, Mario

    2015-01-01

    Invited for this months cover are the groups of Professor Mario Pagliaro at the Istituto per lo Studio dei Materiali Nanostrutturati in Palermo and Professor Laura Ilharco at the Instituto Superior Técnico in Lisboa. The cover picture shows a­ GreenCaps­ microcapsule breaking and releasing encapsulated glycerol after the organosilica microspheres are sprayed from a pressurized polyurethane foam can. This shows how glycerol acts as a solid curing agent, promoting crosslinking of partially polymerized diphenylmethane diisocyanate. For more details, see the Full Paper on p. 120 ff. PMID:25969799

  5. STS-44 Earth observation of ships in Florida harbor taken with M88-1 ESC

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1991-01-01

    STS-44 Earth observation taken aboard Atlantis, Orbiter Vehicle (OV) 104, is of ships in a Florida harbor. Mission Specialist (MS) Mario Runco, Jr conducting Military Man in Space M88-1 experiment, Maritime Observation Experiments in Space (MOSES), captured this scene of at least one ship and that of several smaller vessels in a Florida harbor. Runco used the electronic still camera (ESC). ESC photography is a new technology that enables a camera to electronically capture and digitze an image with resolution approaching film quality.

  6. STS-54 Endeavour, Orbiter Vehicle (OV) 105, Official crew portrait

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1993-01-01

    STS-54 Endeavour, Orbiter Vehicle (OV) 105, crewmembers, wearing launch and entry suits (LESs), pose for their Official crew portrait on the flight deck of JSC's motion based (MB) shuttle mission simulator (SMS). Left to right are Mission Specialist 1 (MS1) Mario Runco, Jr, Commander John H. Casper, Pilot Donald R. McMonagle, MS3 Susan J. Helms, and MS2 Gregory J. Harbaugh. MB-SMS is located in JSC's Mission Simulation and Training Facility Bldg 5. Portrait made by NASA JSC contract photographer Scott A. Wickes.

  7. Entire STS-77 Crew at Shuttle Landing Facility

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1996-01-01

    The STS-77 astronauts take time to address the news media following their arrival at KSC's Shuttle Landing Facility. From left are Mission Specialists Andrew S. W. Thomas and Marc Garneau (who represents the Canadian Space Agency); Pilot Curtis L. Brown Jr.; Commander John H. Casper; and Mission Specialists Mario Runco Jr. and Daniel W. Bursch. Over the next several days, the six-member crew will participate in emergency egress training at the pad and a simulated launch countdown that includes the entire launch team. The Space Shuttle Endeavour is scheduled to lift off on Mission STS-77, the fourth Shuttle flight of 1996, around May 16.

  8. Observing Phenomena in Spinor Exciton Condensates Using R-MCTDHB

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    George, Ian; Lode, Axel

    2015-03-01

    We study vortex states of a spatially indirect spinor cold exciton condensate. We also look at possible topological and spin textures of the condensate and investigate the dynamics of the system. We use R-MCTDHB to numerically study solutions of the time dependent bosonic many body Schoedinger equation by expanding the field operator, enabling us to improve the quality of the description beyond standard mean field theory. We investigate the transitions between fragmentation and condensation, and look forward to investigating the effects of spin orbit coupling. Dr. Marios Tsatsos at University of Sao Paolo for helping me master the system, TACC for their computing resources.

  9. The “vertical–horizontal” debates: time for the pendulum to rest (in peace)?

    PubMed Central

    Raviglione, Mario C

    2007-01-01

    This section looks back to some ground-breaking contributions to public health, reproducing them in their original form and adding a commentary on their significance from a modern perspective. To complement the theme of this month’s issue, Mukund Uplekar & Mario C Raviglione review a paper by Halfdan Mahler on tuberculosis programmes in developing countries that was published in the Bulletin of the International Union against Tuberculosis and Lung Disease (1966;37:77-82). The paper is reproduced here in full. PMID:17639232

  10. Burning rubber

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1987-09-01

    Mario Andretti, look out You are about to be surpassed in the burning rubber category by a joint venture between Oxford Energy Company and General Electric. The two companies are building the first whole tire-to-energy facility in the US in Modesto, California. This $41 million facility does not require tires to be shredded prior to incineration; it has the capacity to burn 700 tires per minute. The electricity generated will be provided to a utility company. Oxford says there are two billion waste tires on the ground and this number is increasing by 220 million a year. Of that amount, only 18 million a year are recycled.

  11. STS-44 mission highlights resource tape. Part 2 of 2

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    1991-11-01

    In this second part of a two part video set of the mission of STS-44, an in-orbit press conference was held. The astronauts (Cmdr. Fred Gregory, Pilot Tom Hendricks, Payload Specialist Tom Hennen, and Mission Specialists Jim Voss, Story Musgrave, and Mario Runco) conversed via satellite with the Johnson Press Center at the Johnson Space Center, Houston, Texas. Journalists asked questions regarding the mission, the status of the mission's experiments, the problems with living in a microgravity environment, upcoming NASA space programs, and future objectives of the Space Shuttle missions.

  12. An Academic Multihealth System PGY2 Pediatric Pharmacy Residency Program.

    PubMed

    Klosterman, Theresa; Meyers, Rachel; Siu, Anita; Shah, Pooja; Kimler, Katelin; Sturgill, Marc; Robinson, Christine

    2015-01-01

    We describe a novel multihealth system pediatric pharmacy residency program through the Ernest Mario School of Pharmacy at Rutgers University. Pediatric clinical pharmacy is a growing field that has seen an increase in demand for practitioners. Practice sites include freestanding children's hospitals, children's hospitals within adult hospitals, and pediatric units within adult hospitals. To accommodate a residency program in a region with no freestanding children's hospital, the pediatric faculty members at the Ernest Mario School of Pharmacy at Rutgers University developed a multihealth system postgraduate year 2 (PGY2) pediatric pharmacy residency program with 6 pediatric faculty members functioning as preceptors at their 5 respective practice sites. The multihealth system setup of the program provides the resident exposure to a multitude of patient populations, pediatric specialties, and pediatric pharmacy practices. In addition, the affiliation with Rutgers University allows an emphasis on academia with opportunities for the resident to lecture in small and large classrooms, facilitate discussion periods, assist with clinical laboratory classes, and precept pharmacy students. The resident has the unique opportunity to develop a research project with a large and diverse patient population owing to the multihealth system rotation sites. A multihealth system PGY2 residency in pediatric pharmacy provides the resident a well-rounded experience in pediatric clinical practice, research, and academia that will enhance the resident's ability to build his or her own pediatric pharmacy practice. PMID:26766936

  13. An Academic Multihealth System PGY2 Pediatric Pharmacy Residency Program

    PubMed Central

    Klosterman, Theresa; Siu, Anita; Shah, Pooja; Kimler, Katelin; Sturgill, Marc; Robinson, Christine

    2015-01-01

    We describe a novel multihealth system pediatric pharmacy residency program through the Ernest Mario School of Pharmacy at Rutgers University. Pediatric clinical pharmacy is a growing field that has seen an increase in demand for practitioners. Practice sites include freestanding children's hospitals, children's hospitals within adult hospitals, and pediatric units within adult hospitals. To accommodate a residency program in a region with no freestanding children's hospital, the pediatric faculty members at the Ernest Mario School of Pharmacy at Rutgers University developed a multihealth system postgraduate year 2 (PGY2) pediatric pharmacy residency program with 6 pediatric faculty members functioning as preceptors at their 5 respective practice sites. The multihealth system setup of the program provides the resident exposure to a multitude of patient populations, pediatric specialties, and pediatric pharmacy practices. In addition, the affiliation with Rutgers University allows an emphasis on academia with opportunities for the resident to lecture in small and large classrooms, facilitate discussion periods, assist with clinical laboratory classes, and precept pharmacy students. The resident has the unique opportunity to develop a research project with a large and diverse patient population owing to the multihealth system rotation sites. A multihealth system PGY2 residency in pediatric pharmacy provides the resident a well-rounded experience in pediatric clinical practice, research, and academia that will enhance the resident's ability to build his or her own pediatric pharmacy practice. PMID:26766936

  14. [Parasitology and entomology in the 29th century in Latin American narrative].

    PubMed

    Schenone, H

    2000-01-01

    In the present review of twelve pieces produced by distinguished 20th century Latin American writers--Jorge Luis Borges from Argentina, Jorge Amado and João Ubaldo Ribeiro from Brazil, José Donoso from Chile, Gabriel García Márquez from Colombia, Alejo Carpentier from Cuba, Miguel Angel Asturias from Guatemala, Octavio Paz from Mexico, Mario Vargas Llosa from Perú, Horacio Quiroga and Mario Benedetti from Uruguay and Arturo Uslar-Pietri from Venezuela--paragraphs or parts of paragraphs in which parasitological or entomological situations of the most varied hues are referred to or described, have been extracted in a selective form. Sometimes in these descriptions appear, local or regional expressions, without ignoring colorful folklore representations. For a easier interpretation these or part of these paragraph sentences have been arranged by thematic similarities. In a varied and kaleidoscopic vision, it will be possible to find protozoiasis (malaria, Chagas disease, leishmaniasis, amebiasis), helminthiases (ascariasis, hydatidosis, trichinosis, schistosomiasis, cysticercosis, onchocerciasis), parasitoses produced by arthropods (pediculosis, scabies, tungiasis, myiasis), passing progressively to hemaphagous arthropods (mosquitoes, gnats, horse flies, bedbugs, ticks), venomous arthropods (Latrodectus spiders, scorpions, wasps, bees), mechanical vectors (flies and cockroaches), culminating with a conjunction of bucolic arthropods (butterflies, crickets, grasshoppers cicadas, ants, centipedes, beetles, glow worms, dragonflies). PMID:11338977

  15. J. Robert Oppenheimer - A Life

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Pais, Abraham; Crease, Robert P.

    2006-04-01

    The late Abraham Pais wrote the definitive biography of Albert Einstein, "Subtle is the Lord," which won an American Book Award. As a distinguished physicist and Einstein's colleague, Pais combined a sophisticated understanding of physics with first-hand knowledge of this notoriously private individual, offering rare insights into both. It is his unique double perspective that makes his work so valuable. Now Abraham Pais offers an illuminating portrait of another eminent colleague, J. Robert Oppenheimer, one of the most charismatic and enigmatic figures of modern physics. Pais introduces us to a precocious youth who sped through Harvard in three years, made signal contributions to quantum mechanics while in his twenties, and was instrumental in the growth of American physics in the decade before the Second World War, almost single-handedly putting American physics on the map. Pais paints a revealing portrait of Oppenheimer's life in Los Alamos, where in twenty remarkable, feverish months, under his inspired leadership, the first atomic bomb was designed and built, a success that made Oppenheimer America's most famous scientist. Pais, who was his next-door neighbor for many years, describes Oppenheimer's long tenure as Director of the Institute of Advanced Study at Princeton, but also shows how Oppenheimer's intensity and arrogance won him powerful enemies, who would ultimately make him one of the principal victims of the Red Scare of the 1950s. Told with compassion and deep insight, J. Robert Oppenheimer is the most comprehensive biography of the great physicist available. It is Abraham Pais's final work, completed after his death by Robert P. Crease, an acclaimed historian of science in his own right.

  16. Simulations of radiation pressure experiments narrow down the energy and momentum of light in matter

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bethune-Waddell, Max; Chau, Kenneth J.

    2015-12-01

    Consensus on a single electrodynamic theory has yet to be reached. Discord was seeded over a century ago when Abraham and Minkowski proposed different forms of electromagnetic momentum density and has since expanded in scope with the gradual introduction of other forms of momentum and force densities. Although degenerate sets of electrodynamic postulates can be fashioned to comply with global energy and momentum conservation, hope remains to isolate a single theory based on detailed comparison between force density predictions and radiation pressure experiments. This comparison is two-fold challenging because there are just a handful of quantitative radiation pressure measurements over the past century and the solutions developed from different postulates, which consist of approximate expressions and inferential deductions, are scattered throughout the literature. For these reasons, it is appropriate to conduct a consolidated and comprehensive re-analysis of past experiments under the assumption that the momentum and energy of light in matter are degenerate. We create a combined electrodynamic/fluid dynamic simulation testbed that uses five historically significant sets of electrodynamic postulates, including those by Abraham and Minkowski, to model radiation pressure under diverse configurations with minimal assumptions. This leads to new interpretations of landmark investigations of light momentum, including the Balazs thought experiment, the Jones-Richards and Jones-Leslie measurements of radiation pressure on submerged mirrors, observations of laser-deformed fluid surfaces, and experiments on optical trapping and tractor beaming of dielectric particles. We discuss the merits and demerits of each set of postulates when compared to available experimental evidence and fundamental conservation laws. Of the five sets of postulates, the Abraham and Einstein-Laub postulates provide the greatest consistency with observations and the most physically plausible descriptions of electrodynamic interactions. Force density predictions made by these two postulates are unique under many conditions and their experimental isolation is potentially within reach.

  17. Simulations of radiation pressure experiments narrow down the energy and momentum of light in matter.

    PubMed

    Bethune-Waddell, Max; Chau, Kenneth J

    2015-12-01

    Consensus on a single electrodynamic theory has yet to be reached. Discord was seeded over a century ago when Abraham and Minkowski proposed different forms of electromagnetic momentum density and has since expanded in scope with the gradual introduction of other forms of momentum and force densities. Although degenerate sets of electrodynamic postulates can be fashioned to comply with global energy and momentum conservation, hope remains to isolate a single theory based on detailed comparison between force density predictions and radiation pressure experiments. This comparison is two-fold challenging because there are just a handful of quantitative radiation pressure measurements over the past century and the solutions developed from different postulates, which consist of approximate expressions and inferential deductions, are scattered throughout the literature. For these reasons, it is appropriate to conduct a consolidated and comprehensive re-analysis of past experiments under the assumption that the momentum and energy of light in matter are degenerate. We create a combined electrodynamic/fluid dynamic simulation testbed that uses five historically significant sets of electrodynamic postulates, including those by Abraham and Minkowski, to model radiation pressure under diverse configurations with minimal assumptions. This leads to new interpretations of landmark investigations of light momentum, including the Balazs thought experiment, the Jones-Richards and Jones-Leslie measurements of radiation pressure on submerged mirrors, observations of laser-deformed fluid surfaces, and experiments on optical trapping and tractor beaming of dielectric particles. We discuss the merits and demerits of each set of postulates when compared to available experimental evidence and fundamental conservation laws. Of the five sets of postulates, the Abraham and Einstein-Laub postulates provide the greatest consistency with observations and the most physically plausible descriptions of electrodynamic interactions. Force density predictions made by these two postulates are unique under many conditions and their experimental isolation is potentially within reach. PMID:26511902

  18. Variability of surface ocean radiocarbon and stable isotopes in the southwestern Pacific

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Druffel, Ellen R. M.; Griffin, Sheila

    1999-10-01

    We present high-precision radiocarbon (?14C) results and stable isotope (?18O and ?13C) records for a coral from Heron Island (23°S, 152°E) and new stable isotope (?18O and ?13C) records for annual coral bands from Abraham Reef (22°S, 153°E) in the southern Great Barrier Reef studied earlier [Druffel and Griffin, 1993]. These tracers provide unique information on the regional water mass history, and together these data allow us to constrain the variability of circulation in the upper Pacific over the past four centuries. First, we observe decreases in ?18O of coral from Abraham Reef and Heron Island, indicating an increase in sea surface temperature and/or a decrease in surface salinity since 1850. Second, the small Suess effect value (?14C decrease from 1880 to 1955, due mostly to fossil fuel CO2) observed previously at Abraham Reef[Druffel and Griffin, 1993] is confirmed in the measurements reported here from the Heron Island coral. This value is low compared to those observed in other areas of the ocean [Druffel, 1997; Druffel and Linick, 1978; Nozaki et al., 1978] between 1880 and 1955. Third, we report alterations in the correlation between El Niño events and the occurrence of low ?14C, which is indicative of long-term change(s) in circulation in the SW Pacific. The ?14C shifts reported here are not large, but even small temporal changes in prebomb ?14C suggest that important changes in the large-scale state of the ocean have occurred, such as a temporal change in circulation.

  19. Physics of electromagnetic and material stresses in optical manipulation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kemp, Brandon A.; Sheppard, Cheyenne J.

    2015-08-01

    Modeling the dynamics of optical manipulation experiments relies upon a precise mathematical representation of electromagnetic fields and the interpretation of optical momentum and stresses in materials. However, the momentum of light within media has been an issue of debate over the past century. Multiple energy-momentum models have been advanced, each, under certain conditions, agreeing with experimental observation and mathematically consistent with classical electromagnetism. The modern view is that the various formulations of electrodynamics represent different divisions of the total energy-momentum tensor, with the separation of field and matter being ambiguous. Recently, a proposed view of photon momentum identified two leading forms as the kinetic and canonical momenta. The Abraham momentum is responsible for the overall center-of-mass translation of a material, while the Minkowski momentum is responsible for translations with respect to the surrounding medium. However, the Abraham momentum corresponds to multiple, unique electromagnetic energy-momentum tensors that attempt to separate field from material responses (e.g. Abraham, Chu, and Einstein-Laub). However, only the form of the kinetic momentum density has been revealed, while the formulation that uniquely separates the kinetic stress tensor has remained ambiguous. In this correspondence, multiple formulations are considered within the framework of relativistic electrodynamics. We apply various mathematical techniques to identify the kinetic subsystem of electrodynamics. While optical manipulation is usually modeled using a stationary medium approximation, the lessons from relativistic electrodynamics reveal a specific distribution of electromagnetic stress in media. The physics of optical and static manipulation of dielectric particles are described within this framework.

  20. Mercedes–Benz water molecules near hydrophobic wall: Integral equation theories vs Monte Carlo simulations

    PubMed Central

    Urbic, T.; Holovko, M. F.

    2011-01-01

    Associative version of Henderson-Abraham-Barker theory is applied for the study of Mercedes–Benz model of water near hydrophobic surface. We calculated density profiles and adsorption coefficients using Percus-Yevick and soft mean spherical associative approximations. The results are compared with Monte Carlo simulation data. It is shown that at higher temperatures both approximations satisfactory reproduce the simulation data. For lower temperatures, soft mean spherical approximation gives good agreement at low and at high densities while in at mid range densities, the prediction is only qualitative. The formation of a depletion layer between water and hydrophobic surface was also demonstrated and studied. PMID:21992334

  1. Scaling Theory for Percolative Charge Transport in Disordered Molecular Semiconductors

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cottaar, J.; Koster, L. J. A.; Coehoorn, R.; Bobbert, P. A.

    2011-09-01

    We present a scaling theory for charge transport in disordered molecular semiconductors that extends percolation theory by including bonds with conductances close to the percolating one in the random-resistor network representing charge hopping. A general and compact expression is given for the charge mobility for Miller-Abrahams and Marcus hopping on different lattices with Gaussian energy disorder, with parameters determined from numerically exact results. The charge-concentration dependence is universal. The model-specific temperature dependence can be used to distinguish between the hopping models.

  2. Pre-factor Effect in the Efros-Shklovskii Variable Range Hopping Regime

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Rodríguez, Miguel; Bonalde, Ismardo; Medina, Ernesto

    2006-09-01

    We investigate the effect of the pre-factor of the Miller-Abrahams resistors on the macroscopic transport in Anderson insulators. Using the Mott hopping optimization procedure, including corrections due to pre-factors of the wavefunction overlap, we obtain more general expressions for the temperature T dependence of the typical hopping length and the resistivity in the Efros-Shklovskii (ES) regime. In this regime the expressions lead to the standard ES law in the case of T lower than the characteristic temperature TES, and to a meaningful pre-exponential dominated hopping regime when T is of the order of or larger than TES.

  3. The Jewish contribution to medicine. Part III. The 19th and 20th centuries in the USA.

    PubMed

    Dubovsky, H

    1989-08-01

    The Jewish hospital movement in the USA, which started in the last century for Jews as foreign immigrants and was extended to the general population this century, is an extensive organisation. Refugee physicians from Europe laid the foundations of Jewish medical involvement in medicine in the USA with Abraham Jacobi, the founder of paediatrics, Landsteiner, who discovered blood grouping, and Waksman, who evolved streptomycin. Other eminent workers, such as the Flexner brothers in medical education and research, Libman, who pioneered blood culture in the USA, and Salk and Sabin with the poliomyelitis vaccine were prominent in the major contribution of Jews to medicine in the USA. PMID:2669171

  4. Counter guarantee options

    SciTech Connect

    Gunguli, B.

    1995-07-01

    In November 1994, the Government of India announced a set of guidelines which independent power producers (IPPs) would have to follow if they were to receive counter guarantees for their power projects. It simultaneously announced that no further counter guarantees would be given apart from the first eight projects (See {open_quotes}India`s Fast-Track Projects{close_quotes}) where they had already been promised. {open_quotes}No other project, beyond the first eight, will be given a counter guarantee under any circumstance,{close_quotes} says P. Abraham, special secretary in the Ministry of Power.

  5. The applicability range of different forms of the radiation friction force in the ultrarelativistic electron interaction with electromagnetic wave (exact solutions)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bulanov, S. S.; Esirkepov, T. Zh; Kando, M.; Koga, J. K.; Bulanov, S. V.

    2013-02-01

    When the effects of radiation reaction dominate the interaction of electrons with intense laser pulses, the electron dynamics changes qualitatively. The adequate theoretical description of this regime becomes crucially important with the use of the radiation friction force either in the Lorentz-Abraham-Dirac form, which possess unphysical runaway solutions, or in the Landau-Lifshitz form, which is a perturbation valid for relatively low electromagnetic wave amplitude. The goal of the present paper is to find the limits of the Landau-Lifshitz radiation force applicability in terms of the electromagnetic wave amplitude and frequency.

  6. La energia geotermica en la actualidad: Geothermal Today (Spanish version - 2003)

    SciTech Connect

    2003-09-01

    Por encargo del Secretario Abraham, la Oficina de Eficiencia Energética y Energía Renovable suministra el liderazgo a nivel nacional para impulsar las tecnologías de eficiencia energética y energía renovables, para saltar por encima de las limitaciones del status quo, y para alcanzar beneficios ambientales notables. El Programa de Tecnologías Geotérmicas, parte crítica de nuestro esfuerzo conjunto, está avanzando a grandes zancadas para aumentar la viabilidad y el despliegue de electricidad ...

  7. Partition coefficients of organic compounds in new imidazolium based ionic liquids using inverse gas chromatography.

    PubMed

    Revelli, Anne-Laure; Mutelet, Fabrice; Jaubert, Jean-Noël

    2009-06-01

    Partition coefficients of organic compounds in four ionic liquids: 1-ethanol-3-methylimidazolium tetrafluoroborate, 1-ethanol-3-methylimidazolium hexafluorophosphate, 1,3-dimethylimidazolium dimethylphosphate and 1-ethyl-3-methylimidazolium diethylphosphate were measured using inverse gas chromatography from 303.3 to 332.55K. The influence of gas-liquid and gas-solid interfacial adsorption of different solutes on ionic liquids was also studied. Most of the polar solutes were retained largely by partition while light hydrocarbons were retained predominantly by interfacial adsorption on the ionic liquids studied in this work. The solvation characteristics of the ionic liquids were evaluated using the Abraham solvation parameter model. PMID:19414174

  8. Heinrich Johann Kessels (1781-1849). An important manufacturer of chronometers and precision pendulum clocks. (German Title: Heinrich Johann Kessels (1781-1849). Ein bedeutender Verfertiger von Chronometern und Präzisionspendeluhren)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Oestmann, Günther

    In the first half of the 10th century, Heinrich Johann Kessels was one of the most important precision clock makers outside of England. He worked with Abraham Louis Breguet in Paris, and afterwards settled in Altona. Kessels was well known among the astronomers of his time, and he supplied numerous observatories in Europe and America with his pendulum clocks and chronometers. Besides scattered biographical information and numerous letters, some products of his workshop, which count among the big rarities of clock manufacturing, have survived upon this day. Numerous original sources, unknown until today, have been consulted for the present biography. A catalogue of his works has been established for the first time.

  9. Osler and the Jewish people.

    PubMed

    Hogan, D B; Clarfield, A M

    1997-06-01

    In his writings and actions, Sir William Osler betrayed no evidence of anti-Semitism. In his era, this trait was unusual. Two of his articles, "Letter from Berlin" and "Israel and medicine," dealt directly with his thoughts on the Jewish people. In both he spoke out against anti-Semitism. Osler had friendships with Jewish colleagues--an example is the great regard in which he held US pediatrician Dr. Abraham Jacobi. Osler was not a saint, and he had his "rough side," but in his relationships with Jewish colleagues his example remains relevant. PMID:9176423

  10. Chloroform-induced insanity defence confounds lawyer Lincoln.

    PubMed

    Spiegel, A D; Suskind, P B

    1997-12-01

    During an 1857 trial, the defence claimed that the accused should be absolved of wilful murder because an overdose of chloroform during surgery induced insanity. In a rare appearance as a prosecutor, Abraham Lincoln tried the case for the State of Illinois. Expert medical witnesses testified about the side effects of chloroform and chloroform-induced insanity. Significantly, Lincoln was not knowledgeable about medical jurisprudence and overlooked potential sources of evidence and expert witnesses. Defence lawyers presented an impressive array of physicians to testify about insanity, about chloroform and about the results of an overdosage during anaesthesia. Considering the state of scientific knowledge at the time, the trial was notable. PMID:11619819

  11. Diagnosing the dead: the retrospective analysis of genetic diseases.

    PubMed

    Rushton, A R

    2013-01-01

    The suspected presence of hereditary disease in important historical and political figures has interested researchers for many decades. Whether Abraham Lincoln suffered from Marfan syndrome, if George III became 'mad' because he inherited variegate porphyria, and if the Romanov dynasty collapsed because the heir Alexei inherited haemophilia are important questions; physical illness can adversely affect the ability of leaders to function within the social and political realm of their day. This article will outline an approach to such a medical-historical analysis including assessment of hereditary predisposition, family history and the use of DNA technology to confirm or deny the clinical suspicions of the investigator. PMID:23516684

  12. Effort thrombosis: recognition and management while underway.

    PubMed

    Mitchell, P B; MacGillivray, D C; Almond, M D

    1991-10-01

    Effort thrombosis of the axillary and subclavian veins is an uncommon cause of upper extremity swelling. Prompt recognition and treatment of this disorder is important in order to minimize the complications of pulmonary embolism and postphlebitic syndrome that can occur with this condition. This can be very challenging while underway or in the field. A sailor who developed effort vein thrombosis while underway on board the aircraft carrier USS Abraham Lincoln is presented to review the presentation and management of this disorder, particularly as it applies to active duty military personnel. PMID:1749504

  13. Coaching for a winning dental team.

    PubMed

    Schwartz, S

    2000-08-15

    In 1943, Abraham Maslow, the "father of humanistic psychology," formulated his "Hierarchy of Needs Theory." Maslow proposed people have needs that must be satisfied, and these needs will motivate until they are satisfied. The needs are arranged in a hierarchy or pyramid ranging from basic needs to higher needs with an individual needing to satisfy a lower need before a higher need can motivate. The five needs of the hierarchy are: physiological needs, safety needs, social needs, esteem needs, and self-actualization. This article discusses adaptation of the hierarchy of needs to the dental practice to motivate staff to perform at a higher level. PMID:12167885

  14. Partition Coefficients of Organic Compounds in New Imidazolium and Tetralkylammonium Based Ionic Liquids Using Inverse Gas Chromatography

    SciTech Connect

    Mutelet, Fabrice; Revelli, Anne-Laure; Jaubert, Jean-Noel; Sprunger, Laura; Acree, William; Baker, Gary A

    2010-01-01

    Partition coefficients of 51 organic compounds in two ionic liquids (IL), 1-ethyl-3-methylimidazolium dicyanamide and trimethylhexylammonium bis((trifluoromethyl)sulfonyl)amide, were measured using inverse gas chromatography from (322.5 to 352.5) K. These partition coefficients were converted into water-to-IL partition coefficients using the corresponding gas-to-water partition coefficients. Both sets of partition coefficients were analyzed using the Abraham solvation parameter model with cation-specific and anionspecific equation coefficients. The derived equations correlated the experimental gas-to-IL and water-to-IL partition coefficient data to within (0.12 and 0.14) log units, respectively.

  15. Covariant worldline numerics for charge motion with radiation reaction

    SciTech Connect

    Harvey, Chris; Heinzl, Thomas; Iji, Nicola; Langfeld, Kurt

    2011-04-01

    We develop a numerical formulation to calculate the classical motion of charges in strong electromagnetic fields, such as those occurring in high-intensity laser beams. By reformulating the dynamics in terms of SL(2,C) matrices representing the Lorentz group, our formulation maintains explicit covariance, in particular, the mass-shell condition. Considering an electromagnetic plane wave field where the analytic solution is known as a test case, we demonstrate the effectiveness of the method for solving both the Lorentz force and the Landau-Lifshitz equations. The latter, a second order reduction of the Lorentz-Abraham-Dirac equation, describes radiation reaction without the usual pathologies.

  16. Editorial note

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Schleich, Wolfgang; Dodson-Schleich, Kathy; Kawata, Satoshi; Nomura, Sachi; Dandliker, Rene; Dainty, Chris

    2006-11-01

    In 1989, the founding editor of Optics Communications, Florian Abeles, turned over his leadership of the journal to a quadriga of editors, consisting of Neil Abraham, Chris Dainty, Lorenzo Narducci and Herbert Walther. It is with great sadness that we have to inform the readers of Optics Communications of the deaths of Lorenzo Narducci and Herbert Walther who died within a day of each other, July 21 and July 22, 2006. Herbert Walther had served the journal commendably first for five years as an editor and then up to his death as an editorial board member.

  17. Beam Line: 100 years of elementary particles

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Pais, A.; Weinberg, S.; Quigg, C.; Riordan, M.; Panofsky, W. K. H.

    1997-04-01

    This issue of Beam Line commemorates the 100th anniversary of the April 30, 1897 report of the discovery of the electron by J.J. Thomson and the ensuing discovery of other subatomic particles. In the first three articles, theorists Abraham Pais, Steven Weinberg, and Chris Quigg provide their perspectives on the discoveries of elementary particles as well as the implications and future directions resulting from these discoveries. In the following three articles, Michael Riordan, Wolfgang Panofsky, and Virginia Trimble apply our knowledge about elementary particles to high-energy research, electronics technology, and understanding the origin and evolution of our Universe.

  18. On Whether Angular Momentum in Electric and Magnetic Fields Radiates to Infinity

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Canning, Francis X.; Knudsen, Steven

    2006-01-01

    The Feynman Disk experiment and a related thought experiment with a static magnetic field and capacitor are studied. The mechanical torque integrated over time (angular impulse) is related to the angular momentum in the electric/magnetic field. This is not called an electromagnetic field since quasi-static as well as electromagnetic effects are included. The angular momentum in the electric/magnetic field is examined to determine its static and radiative components. This comparison was then examined to see if it clarified the Abraham-Minkowski paradox.

  19. National Hydrogen Energy Roadmap: A National Hydrogen Vision (CD-ROM)

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    2002-12-01

    ''The National Hydrogen Energy Roadmap'' was unveiled by the Secretary of Energy, Spencer Abraham, November 12, 2002. The Roadmap provides a blueprint for the coordinated, long-term, public and private efforts required for hydrogen energy development. This CD-ROM also includes''A National Vision of America's Transition to a Hydrogen Economy-to 2030 and Beyond'', which was published in February 2002 as a result of the Hydrogen Vision Meeting. This document summarizes the potential role for hydrogen systems in America's energy future, outlining the common vision of the ''hydrogen economy.''

  20. Orbicular granite near Jelenia Góra in southwestern Poland: the first outcrops?

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kennan, Pádhraig S.; Lorenc, Marek W.

    2008-01-01

    In 1802, Leopold von Buch described some outcrops of orbicular granite in the Karkonosze granite, Lower Silesia, Poland. In that publication, Abraham Gottlieb Werner wrote a foreword dated 1800. The Silesian discovery predates that of the well-known orbicular diorite (Napoleonite) in outcrop on Corsica and, thus, may be the first ever record of this distinctive rock type in its geological context. The characterizing, closely-packed, simple orbs comprise K-feldspar cores surrounded by rims of radiating K-feldspar and quartz. Rapid growth from a hydrous, pegmatitic melt is indicated. The Karkonosze outcrop, in the timing of its discovery, is a unique part of the geological heritage.

  1. Selectivity of stationary phases based on pyridinium ionic liquids for capillary gas chromatography

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Shashkov, M. V.; Sidelnikov, V. N.; Zaikin, P. A.

    2014-04-01

    A number of capillary columns with stationary liquid phases based on mono- and dication pyridinium ionic liquids (ILs) were prepared. Their polarity was evaluated using McReynolds system and the selectivity was estimated from intermolecular interactions. The parameters of intermolecular interactions were obtained from retention data using the (Abraham) model of the linear free energy relationship. The dependences of intermolecular interactions on the structure of the cation in the ILs under study were revealed. The results were compared with the data for the traditional phases (HP-5, ZB-WAX). Examples of separation of mixtures of oxygen-containing compounds on the phases under study are given.

  2. Sessions on history of space and geophysics spark interest

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Schröder, Wilfried

    Three sessions at international conferences were held in 1997 to discuss the history of space and geophysics and its different disciplines. The first session was held during the Assembly of the German Geophysical Society in March in Potsdam, Germany. Topics included the theory of relativity and gravitation in geophysics; work by Albert Abraham Michelson, Leon Foucault, and Ernst Mach; work by Hermann von Helmholtz; and the physical application and geophysical evidence of Werner Heisenberg's research. Also included were discussions relevant to the history of geophysics, aeronomy, meteor astronomy, and geodetical research, including developments in instrumentation during the last few decades.

  3. Radiation reaction in strong field QED

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ilderton, Anton; Torgrimsson, Greger

    2013-10-01

    We derive radiation reaction from QED in a strong background field. We identify, in general, the diagrams and processes contributing to recoil effects in the average momentum of a scattered electron, using perturbation theory in the Furry picture: we work to lowest nontrivial order in ?. For the explicit example of scattering in a plane wave background, we compare QED with classical electrodynamics in the limit ? ? 0, finding agreement with the Lorentz-Abraham-Dirac and Landau-Lifshitz equations, and with Larmor's formula. The first quantum corrections are also presented.

  4. Movement of a millimeter-sized oil drop pushed by optical force

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhang, Li; She, Wei-Long

    2015-10-01

    We show experimentally that when an unfocused continuous wave (CW) laser beam is obliquely incident onto the surface of a millimeter-sized mineral oil drop on sucrose solution, it will exert a pushing force on the oil drop, making it move forwards along the surface of the sucrose solution. However, after a period of time, the oil drop stops moving. This can be explained as the phenomenon caused by the change of Abraham momentum, the optical gradient force, and friction together. Project supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Nos. 90921009 and 11274401).

  5. Motivation: the most basic process in TQM/CQI.

    PubMed

    Rice, W R

    1993-01-01

    Quality management professionals confront the challenge of motivating others to participate in the improvement of patient care. Producing this motivation frequently proves problematic. This article addresses the issue of motivation by presenting it as a process. Abraham Maslow's hierarchy of needs functions as the foundation of the process. A process model is used to demonstrate that satisfaction of the higher-level needs of esteem and self-actualization is required to produce true motivation. By understanding the process of motivation, we may become more effective in improving patient care. PMID:10125970

  6. 100 years of Elementary Particles [Beam Line, vol. 27, issue 1, Spring 1997

    DOE R&D Accomplishments Database

    Pais, Abraham; Weinberg, Steven; Quigg, Chris; Riordan, Michael; Panofsky, Wolfgang K. H.; Trimble, Virginia

    1997-04-01

    This issue of Beam Line commemorates the 100th anniversary of the April 30, 1897 report of the discovery of the electron by J.J. Thomson and the ensuing discovery of other subatomic particles. In the first three articles, theorists Abraham Pais, Steven Weinberg, and Chris Quigg provide their perspectives on the discoveries of elementary particles as well as the implications and future directions resulting from these discoveries. In the following three articles, Michael Riordan, Wolfgang Panofsky, and Virginia Trimble apply our knowledge about elementary particles to high-energy research, electronics technology, and understanding the origin and evolution of our Universe.

  7. 100 years of elementary particles [Beam Line, vol. 27, issue 1, Spring 1997

    SciTech Connect

    Pais, Abraham; Weinberg, Steven; Quigg, Chris; Riordan, Michael; Panofsky, Wolfgang K.H.; Trimble, Virginia

    1997-04-01

    This issue of Beam Line commemorates the 100th anniversary of the April 30, 1897 report of the discovery of the electron by J.J. Thomson and the ensuing discovery of other subatomic particles. In the first three articles, theorists Abraham Pais, Steven Weinberg, and Chris Quigg provide their perspectives on the discoveries of elementary particles as well as the implications and future directions resulting from these discoveries. In the following three articles, Michael Riordan, Wolfgang Panofsky, and Virginia Trimble apply our knowledge about elementary particles to high-energy research, electronics technology, and understanding the origin and evolution of our Universe.

  8. Electromagnetic momentum and the energy-momentum tensor in a linear medium with magnetic and dielectric properties

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Crenshaw, Michael E.

    2014-04-01

    In a continuum setting, the energy-momentum tensor embodies the relations between conservation of energy, conservation of linear momentum, and conservation of angular momentum. The well-defined total energy and the well-defined total momentum in a thermodynamically closed system with complete equations of motion are used to construct the total energy-momentum tensor for a stationary simple linear material with both magnetic and dielectric properties illuminated by a quasimonochromatic pulse of light through a gradient-index antireflection coating. The perplexing issues surrounding the Abraham and Minkowski momentums are bypassed by working entirely with conservation principles, the total energy, and the total momentum. We derive electromagnetic continuity equations and equations of motion for the macroscopic fields based on the material four-divergence of the traceless, symmetric total energy-momentum tensor. We identify contradictions between the macroscopic Maxwell equations and the continuum form of the conservation principles. We resolve the contradictions, which are the actual fundamental issues underlying the Abraham-Minkowski controversy, by constructing a unified version of continuum electrodynamics that is based on establishing consistency between the three-dimensional Maxwell equations for macroscopic fields, the electromagnetic continuity equations, the four-divergence of the total energy-momentum tensor, and a four-dimensional tensor formulation of electrodynamics for macroscopic fields in a simple linear medium.

  9. Scaling theory for percolative charge transport in molecular semiconductors: Correlated versus uncorrelated energetic disorder

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cottaar, J.; Coehoorn, R.; Bobbert, P. A.

    2012-06-01

    We recently introduced a scaling theory for charge transport in molecular semiconductors with uncorrelated Gaussian energetic disorder, considering Miller-Abrahams as well as Marcus hopping and different lattice structures [Cottaar , Phys. Rev. Lett.PRLTAO0031-900710.1103/PhysRevLett.107.136601 107, 136601 (2011)]. A compact expression was derived for the dependence of the charge-carrier mobility on temperature and carrier concentration. We show here that for Miller-Abrahams hopping the theory can also be applied to non-Gaussian energetic disorder, without parameter changes. Moreover, we show how it can be applied to correlated energetic disorder as obtained from randomly oriented molecular dipoles, which experiments suggest to be often more suitable. The same compact expression still describes the charge-carrier mobility, with new parameter values as determined from numerically exact results. The critical scaling exponent for correlated disorder is about twice as large as for uncorrelated disorder, which is caused by a different topology of the percolating network. The temperature dependence of the mobility for correlated disorder is significantly weaker than for uncorrelated disorder, while the carrier-concentration dependence is slightly weaker, due to small deviations of the density of states from a Gaussian. We indicate how comparison with experiments could distinguish between the different models.

  10. Describing Hopping by Nonlinear Resistor Networks

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kinkhabwala, Yusuf; Sverdlov, Viktor; Korotkov, Alexander; Likharev, Konstantin

    2003-03-01

    From the pioneering work by Miller and Abrahams, the model of equivalent resistor network was an important tool for discussion of variable range hopping. However, we are not aware of any quantitative comparison between the exact analysis of this problem and predictions based on the Miller-Abrahams model. We have carried out such a comparison for random 2D systems (without Coulomb interactions), using Monte Carlo simulations, within a broad range of temperature and electric field. The equivalent network of (generally, nonlinear) resistors has been constructed for each random system by determining the effective electrochemical potential, and average currents flowing in and out of each localized site. The system of equations describing Kirchoff's laws for this network was solved numerically. Except for rare occurrences in very small systems, the results for linear conductivity coincide in both techniques within their accuracy. At the same time, the resistor network approach requires much less computer time and has allowed us to access much lower temperatures than we could reach by Monte Carlo simulations. The comparison of these two methods for the nonlinear case is in progress.

  11. A very general rate expression for charge hopping in semiconducting polymers

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Fornari, Rocco P.; Aragó, Juan; Troisi, Alessandro

    2015-05-01

    We propose an expression of the hopping rate between localized states in semiconducting disordered polymers that contain the most used rates in the literature as special cases. We stress that these rates cannot be obtained directly from electron transfer rate theories as it is not possible to define diabatic localized states if the localization is caused by disorder, as in most polymers, rather than nuclear polarization effects. After defining the separate classes of accepting and inducing nuclear modes in the system, we obtain a general expression of the hopping rate. We show that, under the appropriate limits, this expression reduces to (i) a single-phonon rate expression or (ii) the Miller-Abrahams rate or (iii) a multi-phonon expression. The description of these limits from a more general expression is useful to interpolate between them, to validate the assumptions of each limiting case, and to define the simplest rate expression that still captures the main features of the charge transport. When the rate expression is fed with a range of realistic parameters the deviation from the Miller-Abrahams rate is large or extremely large, especially for hopping toward lower energy states, due to the energy gap law.

  12. Electromagnetic momentum and the energy–momentum tensor in a linear medium with magnetic and dielectric properties

    SciTech Connect

    Crenshaw, Michael E.

    2014-04-15

    In a continuum setting, the energy–momentum tensor embodies the relations between conservation of energy, conservation of linear momentum, and conservation of angular momentum. The well-defined total energy and the well-defined total momentum in a thermodynamically closed system with complete equations of motion are used to construct the total energy–momentum tensor for a stationary simple linear material with both magnetic and dielectric properties illuminated by a quasimonochromatic pulse of light through a gradient-index antireflection coating. The perplexing issues surrounding the Abraham and Minkowski momentums are bypassed by working entirely with conservation principles, the total energy, and the total momentum. We derive electromagnetic continuity equations and equations of motion for the macroscopic fields based on the material four-divergence of the traceless, symmetric total energy–momentum tensor. We identify contradictions between the macroscopic Maxwell equations and the continuum form of the conservation principles. We resolve the contradictions, which are the actual fundamental issues underlying the Abraham–Minkowski controversy, by constructing a unified version of continuum electrodynamics that is based on establishing consistency between the three-dimensional Maxwell equations for macroscopic fields, the electromagnetic continuity equations, the four-divergence of the total energy–momentum tensor, and a four-dimensional tensor formulation of electrodynamics for macroscopic fields in a simple linear medium.

  13. Nonequilibrium dynamics of charged particles in a quantized electromagnetic field: causal, stable and self-consistent dynamics from 1/c expansion

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Fleming, C. H.; Johnson, P. R.; Hu, B. L.

    2012-06-01

    We derive a set of stochastic equations of motion for a system of ordinary quantum-mechanical, spinless charged particles in a second-quantized electromagnetic field based on a consistent application of a dimensionful 1/c expansion, which is analogous to the post-Newtonian expansion in gravity. All relativistic corrections up to order 1/c3 are found, including electrostatic interactions (Coulomb), magnetostatic backreaction (Biot-Savart), dissipative backreaction (Abraham-Lorentz) and quantum-field fluctuations at zero and finite temperatures. With self-consistent backreaction of the EM field included, we show that this approach yields causal and runaway-free equations of motion, provides new insights into charged-particle backreaction and naturally leads to equations consistent with the (classical) Darwin Hamiltonian, and has quantum operator ordering consistent with the Breit Hamiltonian. To order 1/c3 the approach leads to a nonstandard mass renormalization which is associated with magnetostatic self-interactions, and no cutoff is required to prevent runaways. Our results also show that the pathologies of the standard Abraham-Lorentz equations can be seen as a consequence of applying an inconsistent (i.e. incomplete, mixed-order) expansion in 1/c, if, from the start, the analysis is viewed as generating an effective theory with all relativistic corrections considered perturbatively. Finally, we show that the 1/c expansion within a Hamiltonian framework yields well-behaved noise and dissipation, in addition to the multiple-particle interactions.

  14. Biorelevant pKa (37°C) predicted from the 2D structure of the molecule and its pKa at 25°C

    PubMed Central

    Sun, Na; Avdeef, Alex

    2011-01-01

    Values of the ionization constants at 37°C, which are scarcely reported, are more meaningful for interpreting mechanisms of cellular transport by ionizable molecules and in mechanistic dissolution studies, which are often performed at the biorelevant temperature. An equation was developed where the pKa values of drug-like molecules determined at 25°C can be simply converted to values at 37°C, without additional measurement. The differences between the values, ΔpKa = pKa37 − pKa25, were linearly fitted to a function of pKa25 and the standard entropy of ionization, ΔSo, where the latter term was approximated by the five Abraham linear free energy solvation descriptors using multiple linear regression. The Abraham descriptors (H-bond donor and acceptor strengths, dipolar solute-solvent interactions potential, the pi- and n-electrons dispersion force, and molar volume) were determined from the 2-dimensional structure of the molecules. A total of 143 mostly drug-like molecules (207 pKa values at 25°C and at 37°C) were chosen for the study. The pKa values of many were determined here for the first time. Included were 34 weak acids, 85 weak bases, and 24 amphoteric compounds (6 ordinary ampholytes, 18 zwitterions). PMID:21652160

  15. Equation of motion with radiation reaction in ultrarelativistic laser-electron interactions

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Seto, Keita; Nagatomo, Hideo; Koga, James; Mima, Kunioki

    2011-12-01

    The intensity of the ultra-short pulse lasers has reached 1022 W/cm2 owing to the advancements of laser technology. When the motion of an electron becomes relativistic, bremsstrahlung accompanies it. The energy from this bremsstrahlung corresponds to the energy loss of the electron; therefore, the motion of the electron deviates from the case without radiation. The radiation behaves something like resistance. This effect called "radiation reaction" or "radiation damping" and the force converted from the radiation is named the "radiation reaction force" or the "damping force". The equation of motion with the reaction force is known as the Lorentz-Abraham-Dirac (LAD) equation, but the solution of this equation is not physical due to the fact that it has a "run-away" solution. As one solution of this problem, we have derived a new equation which takes the place of the Lorentz-Abraham-Dirac equation. We will show the validity of this equation with a simple theoretical analysis.

  16. A very general rate expression for charge hopping in semiconducting polymers

    SciTech Connect

    Fornari, Rocco P.; Aragó, Juan; Troisi, Alessandro

    2015-05-14

    We propose an expression of the hopping rate between localized states in semiconducting disordered polymers that contain the most used rates in the literature as special cases. We stress that these rates cannot be obtained directly from electron transfer rate theories as it is not possible to define diabatic localized states if the localization is caused by disorder, as in most polymers, rather than nuclear polarization effects. After defining the separate classes of accepting and inducing nuclear modes in the system, we obtain a general expression of the hopping rate. We show that, under the appropriate limits, this expression reduces to (i) a single-phonon rate expression or (ii) the Miller-Abrahams rate or (iii) a multi-phonon expression. The description of these limits from a more general expression is useful to interpolate between them, to validate the assumptions of each limiting case, and to define the simplest rate expression that still captures the main features of the charge transport. When the rate expression is fed with a range of realistic parameters the deviation from the Miller-Abrahams rate is large or extremely large, especially for hopping toward lower energy states, due to the energy gap law.

  17. Prediction of biomagnification factors for some organochlorine compounds using linear free energy relationship parameters and artificial neural networks.

    PubMed

    Fatemi, M H; Abraham, M H; Haghdadi, M

    2009-07-01

    Multiple linear regression and artificial neural networks (ANNs) as feature mapping techniques were used for the prediction of the biomagnification factor (BMF) of some organochlorine pollutants. As independent variables, or compound descriptors, the Abraham descriptors often employed in linear free energy relationships were used. Much better results were obtained from the nonlinear ANN model than from multiple linear regression. The average absolute error, average relative error and root mean square error in the calculation of log (BMF) by the ANN model were 0.055, 0.051 and 0.097 for the training set and 0.11, 0.086 and 0.175 for the internal validation set, respectively. The degree of importance of each descriptor was evaluated by carrying out a sensitivity analysis approach for the nonlinear model. The results obtained reveal that the order of importance is the pollutant volume, the pollutant dipolarity/polarizability and the pollutant excess molar refraction. In order to examine the credibility of the obtained ANN model the leave-many-out cross-validation test was applied which gave Q(2)= 0.827 and SPRESS = 0.15. Also the Y-scrambling procedure was applied to the ANN model in order to examine the effect of chance correlations. The results obtained reveal that it is possible to predict the BMFs of organochlorine pollutants using a nonlinear ANN model with Abraham descriptors as inputs. PMID:19916109

  18. Hebrew and Latin astrology in the twelfth century: the example of the location of pain.

    PubMed

    Burnett, Charles

    2010-06-01

    The formative period of Latin and Hebrew astrology occurred virtually simultaneously in both cultures. In the second quarter of the twelfth century the terminology of the subject was established and the textbooks which became authoritative were written. The responsibility for this lay almost entirely with two scholars: John of Seville for the Latins, and Abraham ibn Ezra for the Jews. It is unlikely to have been by coincidence that the same developments in astrology occurred in these two cultures. John of Seville and Abraham ibn Ezra were both brought up within the Islamic culture of Spain, and their astrology was Arabic astrology. Moreover, some scholars have thought that John's origins were Jewish, while Ibn Ezra is known to have collaborated with Latin scholars (whose names are not recorded). It cannot be a coincidence that they forged the science of astrology for their respect co-religionists at almost the same time. Yet, very little research has been done on the possible relations between the two scholars. The purpose of this paper is to begin to explore this relationship, and to illustrate it in particular by their shared doctrine concern the location of pain. PMID:20513618

  19. J. Robert Oppenheimer - A Life

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Pais, Abraham; Crease, Robert P.

    2007-05-01

    The late Abraham Pais, author of the award winning biography of Albert Einstein, Subtle is the Lord , here offers an illuminating portrait of another of his eminent colleagues, J. Robert Oppenheimer, one of the most charismatic and enigmatic figures of modern physics. Pais introduces us to a precocious youth who sped through Harvard in three years, made signal contributions to quantum mechanics while in his twenties, and was instrumental in the growth of American physics in the decade before the Second World War, almost single-handedly bringing it to a state of prominence. He paints a revealing portrait of Oppenheimer's life in Los Alamos, where in twenty remarkable, feverish months, and under his inspired guidance, the first atomic bomb was designed and built, a success that made Oppenheimer America's most famous scientist. Pais describes Oppenheimer's long tenure as Director of the Institute of Advanced Study at Princeton, where the two men worked together closely. He shows not only Oppenheimer's brilliance and leadership, but also how his displays of intensity and arrogance won him powerful enemies, ones who would ultimately make him one of the principal victims of the Red Scare of the 1950s. J. Robert Oppenheimer is Abraham Pais's final work, completed after his death by Robert P. Crease, an acclaimed historian of science in his own right. Told with compassion and deep insight, it is the most comprehensive biography of the great physicist available. Anyone seeking an insider's portrait of this enigmatic man will find it indispensable.

  20. Revisiting the Balazs thought experiment in the case of a left-handed material: electromagnetic-pulse-induced displacement of a dispersive, dissipative negative-index slab.

    PubMed

    Chau, Kenneth J; Lezec, Henri J

    2012-04-23

    We propose a set of postulates to describe the mechanical interaction between a plane-wave electromagnetic pulse and a dispersive, dissipative slab having a refractive index of arbitrary sign. The postulates include the Abraham electromagnetic momentum density, a generalized Lorentz force law, and a model for absorption-driven mass transfer from the pulse to the medium. These opto-mechanical mechanisms are incorporated into a one-dimensional finite-difference time-domain algorithm that solves Maxwell's equations and calculates the instantaneous force densities exerted by the pulse onto the slab, the momentum-per-unit-area of the pulse and slab, and the trajectories of the slab and system center-of-mass. We show that the postulates are consistent with conservation of global energy, momentum, and center-of-mass velocity at all times, even for cases in which the refractive index of the slab is negative or zero. Consistency between the set of postulates and well-established conservation laws reinforces the Abraham momentum density as the one true electromagnetic momentum density and enables, for the first time, identification of the correct form of the electromagnetic mass density distribution and development of an explicit model for mass transfer due to absorption, for the most general case of a ponderable medium that is both dispersive and dissipative. PMID:22535106

  1. Electromagnetic force and torque in ponderable media.

    PubMed

    Mansuripur, Masud

    2008-09-15

    Maxwell's macroscopic equations combined with a generalized form of the Lorentz law of force are a complete and consistent set of equations. Not only are these five equations fully compatible with special relativity, they also conform with conservation laws of energy, momentum, and angular momentum. We demonstrate consistency with the conservation laws by showing that, when a beam of light enters a magnetic dielectric, a fraction of the incident linear (or angular) momentum pours into the medium at a rate determined by the Abraham momentum density, E x H/c(2), and the group velocity V(g) of the electromagnetic field. The balance of the incident, reflected, and transmitted momenta is subsequently transferred to the medium as force (or torque) at the leading edge of the beam, which propagates through the medium with velocity V(g). Our analysis does not require "hidden" momenta to comply with the conservation laws, nor does it dissolve into ambiguities with regard to the nature of electromagnetic momentum in ponderable media. The linear and angular momenta of the electromagnetic field are clearly associated with the Abraham momentum, and the phase and group refractive indices (n(p) and n(g)) play distinct yet definitive roles in the expressions of force, torque, and momentum densities. PMID:18795019

  2. Equation of motion with radiation reaction in ultrarelativistic laser-electron interactions

    SciTech Connect

    Seto, Keita; Nagatomo, Hideo; Mima, Kunioki; Koga, James

    2011-12-15

    The intensity of the ultra-short pulse lasers has reached 10{sup 22} W/cm{sup 2} owing to the advancements of laser technology. When the motion of an electron becomes relativistic, bremsstrahlung accompanies it. The energy from this bremsstrahlung corresponds to the energy loss of the electron; therefore, the motion of the electron deviates from the case without radiation. The radiation behaves something like resistance. This effect called ''radiation reaction'' or ''radiation damping'' and the force converted from the radiation is named the ''radiation reaction force'' or the ''damping force''. The equation of motion with the reaction force is known as the Lorentz-Abraham-Dirac (LAD) equation, but the solution of this equation is not physical due to the fact that it has a ''run-away'' solution. As one solution of this problem, we have derived a new equation which takes the place of the Lorentz-Abraham-Dirac equation. We will show the validity of this equation with a simple theoretical analysis.

  3. On some [`]duality' of the Nikodym property and the Hahn property

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Boos, Johann; Leiger, Toivo

    2008-05-01

    Drewnowski and Paúl proved in [L. Drewnowski, P.J. Paúl, The Nikodým property for ideals of sets defined by matrix summability methods, Rev. R. Acad. Cienc. Exactas Fís. Nat. (Esp.) 94 (2000) 485-503] that for any strongly nonatomic submeasure [eta] on the power set of the ideal has the Nikodym property (NP); in particular, this result applies to densities dA defined by strongly regular matrices A. Grahame Bennett and the authors stated in [G. Bennett, J. Boos, T. Leiger, Sequences of 0's and 1's, Studia Math. 149 (2002) 75-99] that the strong null domain A0 of any strongly regular matrix A has the Hahn property (HP). Moreover, Stuart and Abraham [C.E. Stuart, P. Abraham, Generalizations of the Nikodym boundedness and Vitali-Hahn-Saks theorems, J. Math. Anal. Appl. 300 (2) (2004) 351-361] pointed out that the said results are in some sense dual and that the last one follows from the first one by considering the density dA (defined by A) as submeasure on and the ideal as well by identifying with the set [chi] of sequences of 0's and 1's. In this paper we aim at a better understanding of the intimated duality and at a characterization of those members of special classes of matrices A such that has NP (equivalently, A0 has HP).

  4. The contribution of the hydrogen bond acidity on the lipophilicity of drugs estimated from chromatographic measurements.

    PubMed

    Pallicer, Juan M; Pascual, Rosalia; Port, Adriana; Rosés, Martí; Ràfols, Clara; Bosch, Elisabeth

    2013-02-14

    The influence of the hydrogen bond acidity when the 1-octanol/water partition coefficient (log P(o/w)) of drugs is determined from chromatographic measurements was studied in this work. This influence was firstly evaluated by means of the comparison between the Abraham solvation parameter model when it is applied to express the 1-octanol/water partitioning and the chromatographic retention, expressed as the solute polarity p. Then, several hydrogen bond acidity descriptors were compared in order to determine properly the log P(o/w) of drugs. These descriptors were obtained from different software and comprise two-dimensional parameters such as the calculated Abraham hydrogen bond acidity A and three-dimensional descriptors like HDCA-2 from CODESSA program or WO1 and DRDODO descriptors calculated from Volsurf+software. The additional HOMO-LUMO polarizability descriptor should be added when the three-dimensional descriptors are used to complement the chromatographic retention. The models generated using these descriptors were compared studying the correlations between the determined log P(o/w) values and the reference ones. The comparison showed that there was no significant difference between the tested models and any of them was able to determine the log P(o/w) of drugs from a single chromatographic measurement and the correspondent molecular descriptors terms. However, the model that involved the calculated A descriptor was simpler and it is thus recommended for practical uses. PMID:23262061

  5. PREFACE: XX International School on Nuclear Physics, Neutron Physics and Applications (Varna2013)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Stoyanov, Chavdar; Dimitrova, Sevdalina

    2014-09-01

    The present volume contains the lectures and short talks given at the XX International School on Nuclear Physics, Neutron Physics and Applications. The School was held from 16-22 September 2013 in 'Club Hotel Bolero' located in 'Golden Sands' (Zlatni Pyasaci) Resort Complex on the Black Sea coast, near Varna, Bulgaria. The School was organized by the Institute for Nuclear Research and Nuclear Energy of Bulgarian Academy of Sciences. Co-organizer of the School was the Bulgarian Nuclear Regulatory Agency and the Bogoliubov Laboratory of Theoretical Physics of Joint Institute for Nuclear Research - Dubna. Financial support was also provided by the Bulgarian Ministry of Education and Science. According to the long-standing tradition the School has been held every second year since 1973. The School's program has been restructured according to our enlarged new international links and today it is more similar to an international conference than to a classical nuclear physics school. This new image attracts many young scientists and students from around the world. This year, 2013, we had the pleasure to welcome more than sixty distinguished scientists as lecturers. Additionally, twenty young colleagues received the opportunity to present a short contribution. Ninety-four participants altogether enjoyed the scientific presentations and discussions as well as the relaxing atmosphere at the beach and during the pleasant evenings. The program of the School ranged from latest results in fundamental areas such as nuclear structure and reactions to the hot issues of application of nuclear methods, reactor physics and nuclear safety. The main topics have been the following: Nuclear excitations at various energies. Nuclei at high angular moments and temperature. Structure and reactions far from stability. Symmetries and collective phenomena. Methods for lifetime measurements. Astrophysical aspects of nuclear structure. Neutron nuclear physics. Nuclear data. Advanced methods in nuclear waste treatment. Nuclear methods for applications. A special session in honor of the late Mario Stoitsov, was also part of the program. Many colleagues of Mario from all over the world came to Varna to pay tribute to this prominent scientist and loyal friend. Several colleagues contributed to the organization of the School. We would like to thank them and especially the Scientific Secretary of the School Dr Elena Stefanova and the members of the Organizing Committee Dr Dimitar Tarpanov and Peter Zivkov for their cordiality and high level assistance. We are also grateful to Dr Jacek Dobaczewski, who reached out to the collaborators of Mario Stoitsov on behalf of the conference. Sofia, 20 March 2014 Co-chair persons of the Organizing Committee Prof Dr Sc Ch Stoyanov Prof Dr Sc S Dimitrova Details of the committees are available in the PDF.

  6. STS-54 EV1 Harbaugh carries EV2 Runco during DTO 1210 EVA in OV-105's PLB

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1993-01-01

    STS-54 Mission Specialist (MS2) and extravehicular crewmember 1 (EV1) Gregory J. Harbaugh, wearing extravehicular mobility unit (EMU) (red stripes),carries EMU-suited MS1 and EV2 Mario Runco, Jr along Endeavour's, Orbiter Vehicle (OV) 105's, payload bay (PLB) starboard sill longeron during Detailed Test Objective (DTO) 1210, extravehicular activity (EVA) operations procedure/ training. Harbaugh uses Runco's EMU mini-workstation as a handhold. The objective of this exercise is to simulate carrying a large object. It will also evaluate the ability of an astronaut to move about it space with a 'bulky' object in hand. The empty airborne support equipment (ASE) frames appear below the crewmembers and the PLB aft bulkhead behind them. This EVA is the first in a series to broaden EVA procedures and training experience bases and proficiency in preparation for future EVAs such as the Hubble Space Telescope (HST) and Space Station Freedom (SSF).

  7. Assisted suicide in the care of mentally ill patients: the Lucio Magri's case.

    PubMed

    Frati, Paola; Gulino, Matteo; Mancarella, Paola; Cecchi, Rossana; Ferracuti, Stefano

    2014-01-01

    A year after Mario Monicelli's suicide, the death of another famous person in Italy, Lucio Magri, reawakened the Italian debate on social, ethical and juridical issues in end-of-life decisions. Unlike Monicelli, Lucio Magri decided to end his own life in Switzerland with the help of a physician because his mental illness rendered his life unbearable. Both Monicelli and Magri suffered from a severe depression. The authors analyze the ethical issues regarding the right to die for mentally ill patients and neurological disabled patients, discussing the decision-making autonomy in persons suffering from severe depression. The role of the psychiatry in the management of end-of-life decision requests is considered along with pros and cons of suicide prevention and rationale suicide. PMID:24365684

  8. [The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 2007 for the development of 'knockout' technology].

    PubMed

    Dijkstra, C D; Walvoort, H C

    2007-12-29

    The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 2007 has been awarded to Mario R. Capecchi (University ofUtah, Salt Lake City, USA), O. Smithies (University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, USA), and Sir Martin J. Evans (Cardiff University, Cardiff, UK) 'for their discoveries of principles for introducing specific gene modifications in mice by the use of embryonic stem cells'. Transgenic mice are often used to study the function of a single gene. The Nobel Prize winners succeeded in silencing the targeted gene in an embryonic stem cell. They went on to introduce it into a blastocyst and then implanted it in a surrogate mother mouse. The blastocyst grew into a genetically modified mouse, better known as a 'knockout' mouse. PMID:18257431

  9. External-PIXE analysis for the study of pigments from a painting from the Museum of Contemporary Art

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Rizzutto, M. A.; Moro, M. V.; Silva, T. F.; Trindade, G. F.; Added, N.; Tabacniks, M. H.; Kajiya, E. M.; Campos, P. H. V.; Magalhães, A. G.; Barbosa, M.

    2014-08-01

    External Ion Beam Analysis is a useful tool for the characterization of cultural heritage objects. During the last decade, several significant collaborations have been established between Ion Beam Analysis (IBA) scientists and art or archeology professionals, demanding in-air IBA for a variety of different cultural heritage objects. In-air Particle Induced X-ray Emission (PIXE) analyses of an oil painting by the Italian painter, Mario Sironi, from the Museum of Contemporary Art of the University of São Paulo (MAC-USP), were examined. This painting is particularly interesting due to paintings on both sides (oil on canvas on the front and oil on wood on the back side). PIXE analysis helped the identification of the pigment similarities on both sides of the painting, suggesting the same authorship.

  10. Final Blaze of Glory

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2001-01-01

    This video gives an overview of planetary nebulae through a computerized animation, images from the Hubble Space Telescope (HST), and interviews with Space Telescope Science Institute Theorist Dr. Mario Livio. A computerized animation simulates a giant star as it swallows its smaller companion. HST images display various planetary nebulae, such as M2-9 Twinjet Nebula, NGC 3568, NGC 3918, NGC 5307, NGC 6826, NGC 7009, and Hubble 5. An artist's concept shows what our solar system might look like in a billion years when the Sun has burned out and cast off its outer layers in a shell of glowing gas. Dr. Livio describes the shapes of the planetary nebulae, gives three reasons to study planetary nebulae, and what the observations made by HST have meant to him. A succession of 17 HST images of planetary nebulae are accompanied by music by John Serrie.

  11. Wolfe's part in the Italian Risorgimento and his skin graft.

    PubMed

    Sykes, Philip J

    2012-09-01

    A little known episode in the history of plastic surgery occurred during the Italian Risorgimento 150 years ago. Dr. J. R. Wolfe, who described the full-thickness graft which bears his name, was involved with Garibaldi in the war to unite Italy. He crossed swords with an English nurse, Jessie White Mario, and was thrown into prison. The events were recorded in the Lancet as "A Neapolitan Outrage." This article gives the details of the sad story and goes on to describe the first attempts at full-thickness grafting to correct ectropion. Wolfe was not the first to carry out this procedure and the name of Lawson is rarely remembered. PMID:22828488

  12. Hedgehog subwavelength hole arrays: control over the THz enhanced transmission

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Navarro-Cía, M.; Rodriguez-Ulibarri, Pablo; Beruete, M.

    2013-01-01

    By backing or sandwiching a holey metal layer with or between isotropic dielectric slabs, additional peaks of transmission within the long-wavelength regime arise as a result of the induced transverse magnetic (TM) or transverse electric (TE) grounded dielectric modes. A similar control of the complex surface wave modes, and thus of the extraordinary transmission (ET) peaks, is demonstrated here via anisotropic slabs in the form of a fakir's bed of nails. However, it is shown that those ET peaks formed from TE modes are suppressed because of the inherent dispersion characteristics of the free-standing grounded pins. This allows the red-shifting of the ET for the polarization parallel to the larger in-plane period of the hole array, but unlike the dielectric isotropic slab configuration, the orthogonal polarization remains inhibited. In memoriam Professor Mario Sorolla.

  13. Can lightning be a noise source for a spherical gravitational wave antenna?

    SciTech Connect

    Magalhaes, Nadja Simao; Marinho, Rubens de Melo Jr.; Aguiar, Odylio Denys de; Frajuca, Carlos

    2005-11-15

    The detection of gravitational waves is a very active research field at the moment. In Brazil the gravitational wave detector is called Mario SCHENBERG. Because of its high sensitivity it is necessary to model mathematically all known noise sources so that digital filters can be developed that maximize the signal-to-noise ratio. One of the noise sources that must be considered are the disturbances caused by electromagnetic pulses due to lightnings close to the experiment. Such disturbances may influence the vibrations of the antenna's normal modes and mask possible gravitational wave signals. In this work we model the interaction between lightnings and SCHENBERG antenna and calculate the intensity of the noise due to a close lightning stroke in the detected signal. We find that the noise generated does not disturb the experiment significantly.

  14. Conference report: trekking through receptor chemistry.

    PubMed

    Angeli, Piero; Del Bello, Fabio; Ambrosini, Dario

    2010-08-01

    The series of Camerino Symposia present the most recent knowledge and discoveries in the growing field of drug-receptor interactions and the design and mechanisms of drug action. Lead discovery, G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) and polypharmacology were the general subjects covered in this Tripartite European Meeting in Medicinal Chemistry chaired by Mario Giannella (University of Camerino, Italy). Specifically, the meeting focused on the selection criteria and application of computational methods and stem cell technology in/to lead discovery, as well as providing an update on targeting GPCRs. In addition, the importance of polypharmacology in drug discovery for many GPCRs was widely highlighted. Approximately 110 participants in an international audience composed principally of chemists, biochemists and pharmacologists spent the 5 days of the conference in the eye-catching medieval setting of the University of Camerino and enjoyed both the scientific and cultural programs. PMID:21426016

  15. New York State high-speed surface transportation study. Executive summary

    SciTech Connect

    1994-08-01

    In 1990, New York State Governor Mario M. Cuomo created an interagency task force under the leadership of Lt. Governor Stan Lundine to investigate the potential of high speed ground transportation (HSGT) systems. the study`s objective was to assess potential rights-of-way, ridership, energy and environmental impacts, economic benefits, capital, operating, and maintenance costs, and financial viability of HSFT systems. The study builds upon and supplements previous and on-going HSGT activities conducted by the members of the interagency task force. These activities include: Maglev Technical and Economic Feasibility Study (NYSERDA); Maglev Demonstration Site Investigation (NYSTA); and New York/Massachusetts High Speed Ground Transportation Study (NYSDOT). The study is intended to verify and refine previous information and analyses and provide supplemental information and insights to be used in determining if additional investigation and activities involving HSGT are desirable for New York State.

  16. A Nearly Complete Census Of Young Stars Distribution In The Nearest Molecular Clouds

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Myers, Philip C.

    2001-01-01

    Under this grant we prepared a program of observations based on our previous plans for observations with the WIRE satellite. Our main effort was to use our WIRE plans to prepare estimates for a SIRTF Legacy Science proposal, From Molecular Cores to Planets (N. Evans, PI). For this purpose, L. Allen compiled catalogs of dense cores with and without associated stars, of stars in the youngest evolutionary stages (Class 0, I, and II), and of embedded clusters observed in the near infrared. Further, Tyler Bourke, Mario van den Ancker, and Chang Won Lee compiled and edited a refined lists of 150 isolated cores in the nearest star-forming regions within several hundred pc of the Sun, suitable for surveying with SIRTF. Our SIRTF Legacy Science proposal was selected for funding, and we are continuing with our planning for the observations.

  17. Can lightning be a noise source for a spherical gravitational wave antenna?

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Magalhães, Nadja Simão; de Marinho, Rubens; de Aguiar, Odylio Denys; Frajuca, Carlos

    2005-11-01

    The detection of gravitational waves is a very active research field at the moment. In Brazil the gravitational wave detector is called Mario SCHENBERG. Because of its high sensitivity it is necessary to model mathematically all known noise sources so that digital filters can be developed that maximize the signal-to-noise ratio. One of the noise sources that must be considered are the disturbances caused by electromagnetic pulses due to lightnings close to the experiment. Such disturbances may influence the vibrations of the antenna’s normal modes and mask possible gravitational wave signals. In this work we model the interaction between lightnings and SCHENBERG antenna and calculate the intensity of the noise due to a close lightning stroke in the detected signal. We find that the noise generated does not disturb the experiment significantly.

  18. STS-77 Launch (front view fisheye closeup)

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1996-01-01

    A flawless countdown culminates with an on-time liftoff as the Space Shuttle Endeavour lights up the morning sky. Endeavour was launched on Mission STS-77 from Pad 39B at 6:30:00 a.m. EDT, May 19. The fourth Shuttle mission of 1996 is devoted to the continuing effort to help open the commercial space frontier. Heading up the six-member crew is Commander John H. Casper. Curtis L. Brown Jr. is the pilot and there are four mission specialists on board: Daniel W. Bursch, Mario Runco Jr., Andrew S. W. Thomas and Marc Garneau, who represents the Canadian Space Agency. During the approximately 10-day mission, the astronauts will perform a variety of payload activities, including microgravity research aboard the SPACEHAB-4 module, deployment and retrieval of the Spartan 207 carrying the Inflatable Antenna Experiment (IAE) and deployment and rendezvous with the Passive Aerodynamically-Stabilized Magnetically-Damped Satellite (PAMS).

  19. COMMITTEES: Proceedings of the 13th Gravitational Waves Data Analysis Workshop (GWDAW13), San Juan, Puerto Rico, 19-22 January 2009 Proceedings of the 13th Gravitational Waves Data Analysis Workshop (GWDAW13), San Juan, Puerto Rico, 19-22 January 2009

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    2009-10-01

    Science Organising Committee (SOC) Bruce Allen, AEI, Germany Patrick Brady, University of Wisconsin Milwaukee, USA Deepto Chakrabarty, MIT, USA Eugenio Coccia, INFN, Gran Sasso, Italy James Cordes, Cornell University, USA Mario Díaz (Chair), University of Texas Brownsville, USA Sam Finn, Penn State, USA Neil Gehrels, NASA GSFC, USA Fredrick A Jenet, University of Texas Brownsville, USA Nobuyuki Kanda, Osaka City University, Japan Erik Katsavounides, MIT, USA Dick Manchester, ATNF, Australia Soumya Mohanty, University of Texas Brownsville, USA Benoit Mours, LAPP-Annecy, France Maria Alessandra Papa, AEI, Germany Kate Scholberg, Duke University, USA Susan Scott, The Australian National University Alberto Vecchio, University of Birmingham, UK Andrea Vicere, INFN - Sezione di Firenze, Italy Stan Whitcomb, LIGO CALTECH, USA Local Organising Committee (LOC) Paulo Freire (Arecibo Observatory, Puerto Rico) Murray Lewis (Arecibo Observatory, Puerto Rico) Wanda Wiley (University of Texas Brownsville, USA)

  20. Julio Cortázar quotes on normal and abnormal movements: magical realism or reality?

    PubMed

    Merello, Marcelo

    2006-08-01

    Together with Mario Vargas Llosa and Gabriel García Márquez, Julio Cortázar was one of the most representative authors of the Latin American magical realism genre. Within his extensive body of work, many descriptions of characters suffering physical disabilities, as well as situations suggesting such medical conditions, can be extracted. In this review, two short stories by Cortázar are presented. In the first one, the main character could easily be a man suffering from corticobasal degeneration; in the second, an old woman with symptoms suggestive of progressive supranuclear palsy is clearly depicted. Despite the fact that one of the main ingredients in Cortázar's magical realism is fiction, cases described here fit real medical conditions quite well, making it hard to believe that they represent purely fantastic descriptions rather than the product of Cortázar's inquisitive observation and the description of real patients. PMID:16685680

  1. Long-term monitoring of PKS0558­-504, a highly accreting AGN with a radio jet

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gliozzi, Mario

    Mario Gliozzi, mgliozzi@gmu.edu George Mason University, Fairfax, Virginia, United States The radio-loud Narrow-Line Seyfert 1 galaxy PKS 0558-504 is a highly variable, X-ray bright source with super-Eddington accretion rate and a powerful radio jet that does not dominate the emission beyond the radio band. Hence this source represents an ideal laboratory to study the link between accretion and ejection phenomena. Here we present the preliminary results from a 5-year monitoring campaign with RXTE as well as from a 1.5-year multi-wavelength campaign with Swift, complemented with radio observations from the ATCA and VLBI. We combine several pieces of information from different energy bands to shed some light on the energetics of accretion and ejection phenomena in this extreme black hole system.

  2. Between Homo Sociologicus and Homo Biologicus: The Reflexive Self in the Age of Social Neuroscience

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Pickel, Andreas

    2012-10-01

    The social sciences rely on assumptions of a unified self for their explanatory logics. Recent work in the new multidisciplinary field of social neuroscience challenges precisely this unproblematic character of the subjective self as basic, well-defined entity. If disciplinary self-insulation is deemed unacceptable, the philosophical challenge arises of systematically bringing together neurological, psychological, sociological, and anthropological dimensions of analysis in one framework such as dynamic systems theory; and of finding bridging concepts such as memory, social cognition, and cultural scripts that can facilitate the cross disciplinary study of the reflexive self. Relying on the systemic philosophy of science developed by Mario Bunge, this paper takes some steps in this direction.

  3. A glass half full: the dubious history of elder abuse policy.

    PubMed

    Teaster, Pamela B; Wangmo, Tenzin; Anetzberger, Georgia J

    2010-01-01

    This article highlights the brief 30-year history of major U.S. policies that address elder abuse. The history of elder abuse policy is checkered and incomplete, reflecting a lack of comprehensive federal legislation. We begin our review by discussing the scope of elder abuse policy and, in particular, the Social Security Block Grant, which has become the sole source of federal aid for Adult Protective Services programs. The other source of federal aid, typically for helping efforts by Area Agencies on Aging, is the Older Americans Act. We document the incremental but increasing attention paid to elder abuse by chronicling key initiatives, including early congressional reports and hearings; White House Conferences on Aging; and efforts by pioneers such as Mario Biaggi, Claude Pepper, John Breaux, and Orin Hatch-efforts that we believe have led to the various introductions of the Elder Justice Act. PMID:20390824

  4. STS-54 MS1 Runco uses DSO 802 and Physics of Toys racetrack on OV-105's middeck

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1993-01-01

    STS-54 Mission Specialist 1 (MS1) Mario Runco, Jr watches as a toy friction car navigates a loop track on the middeck of the Earth-orbiting Endeavour, Orbiter Vehicle (OV) 105. The demonstration was part of Application Specific Preprogrammed Experiment Culture System Physics of Toys (ASPEC) and Detailed Supplementary Objective (DSO) 802, Educational activities. Through telephone and television (TV) downlinks, students at Sacred Heart School (notice banner in the background) in Bronx, New York -- Runco's birthplace -- asked him questions about the several toys he demonstrated. The entire collection of toys will be videotaped for an educational program to be distributed to schools in the autumn. This scene was downlinked at 17:37:03:12 GMT.

  5. STS-54 crewmembers with DSO 802 and Physics of Toys on OV-105's middeck

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1993-01-01

    STS-54 Commander John H. Casper, holding microphone, talks to a television (TV) audience including students on the middeck of the Earth-orbiting Endeavour, Orbiter Vehicle (OV) 105. Surrounded by crewmembers, Casper explains how specific toys function differently in the classroom versus in space as part of Application Specific Preprogrammed Experiment Culture System Physics of Toys (ASPEC) and Detailed Supplementary Objective (DSO) 802, Educational activities. Through telephone and TV downlinks, Casper and crewmembers conversed with students in four schools who participated in the special lesson. Counter clockwise from the left are Mission Specialist 3 (MS3) Susan J. Helms, Casper, Pilot Donald R. McMonagle, MS1 Mario Runco, Jr, and MS2 Gregory J. Harbaugh. The entire collection of toys will be videotaped for an educational program to be distributed to schools in the autumn. This scene was downlinked at 18:28:04:18 GMT.

  6. The STS-77 crew take time out from Terminal Countdown Demonstration Test (TCDT) activities to pose

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1996-01-01

    STS-77 TRAINING VIEW --- The STS-77 crew take time out from Terminal Countdown Demonstration Test (TCDT) activities to pose for a group portrait next to the slidewire baskets on the emergency egress system at the 195-feet level of Launch Pad 39B, at the Kennedy Space Center (KSC). From the left are astronauts Daniel W. Bursch, mission specialist; John H. Casper, commander; Curtis L. Brown, Jr., pilot; Mario Runco, Jr., mission specialist; Andrew S. W. Thomas, mission specialist; and Marc Garneau, mission specialist representing the Canadian Space Agency (CSA). The Space Shuttle Endeavour is undergoing preparations at Pad 39B for liftoff on the fourth Shuttle flight of 1996 around May 16, 1996.

  7. A historical perspective on the discovery of the accessory duct of the pancreas, the ampulla 'of Vater' and pancreas divisum.

    PubMed Central

    Stern, C D

    1986-01-01

    The discovery of the accessory duct of the pancreas is usually ascribed to Giovanni Domenico Santorini (1681-1737), after whom this structure is named. The papilla duodeni (ampulla 'of Vater', or papilla 'of Santorini') is named after Abraham Vater (1684-1751) or after GD Santorini. Pancreas divisum, a persistence through non-fusion of the embryonic dorsal and ventral pancreas is a relatively common clinical condition, the discovery of which is usually ascribed to Joseph Hyrtl (1810-1894). In this review I report that pancreas divisum, the accessory duct and the papilla duodeni (ampulla 'of Vater') had all been observed and the observations published during the 17th century by at least seven anatomists before Santorini, Vater, and Hyrtl. I further suggest, in the light of frequent anatomical misattributions in common usage, that anatomical structures be referred to only by their proper anatomical names. Images Fig. 1 PMID:3512385

  8. Highlights of our 4th Annual ATS Convention

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Breyer, Walter H.

    The article gives the details of the ATS's Philadelphia convention, keynote by Dr. Elizabeth Griffin of Cambridge University, visits to Swarthmore College and the Sproul Observatory, talks by Robert Ariail, Guy McCann, Eugene Rudd, John Church, Christopher Ray, Mike Reynolds, Professor Wulff Heinz, Walter Yund IV, Paul O'Leary, Ray Harris, Ed Young, Glen Oclassen, Peter Abrahams, and Ron Maddison. The awards for best exhibits went to John Mutch Jr. and John Mutch III for their extensive Zeiss collection, and Dr. Eugene Rudd for his Cater Rand's Patent Military and Naval Telescope. Visits were made also to the Flower and Cook Observatory, Haverford College Observatory, Villanova College Observatory, and the Franklin Institute.

  9. Relativistic Mass Change in the Fields of Gravitation, Non-Holonomity, and Deformation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Rabounski, Dmitri

    2010-10-01

    This study targets solving the scalar geodesic equation (equation of energy) of a mass-bearing particle travelling in the gravitational field, the field of non-holonomity (rotation) of space, and the field of deformation of space, which are the only three external factors present in the equation. The obtained solutions manifest a change in the mass of the particle according to the distance travelled in the corresponding field. The mass defect due to the field of gravitation is known. The effects of the fields of space non-holonomity and space deformation have not been studied before. In contrast to the gravitational mass defect, registered in the gravitational field near the Earth, these two effects are much smaller: they reach the measurable limit 10-10 only in space travel within cosmological distances. A complete report of this study has been submitted to The Abraham Zelmanov Journal.

  10. Dynamic percolation in an insulator-conductor composite: Polyethyleneoxide-polypyrrole, as studied by a.c. conductivity measurements

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kremer, F.; Ezquerra, T. A.; Mohammadi, M.; Bauhofer, W.; Vilgis, T. A.; Wegner, G.

    1988-04-01

    We report measurements of a.c. conductivity in the Insulator-Conductor polymeric system Polyethyleneoxide-Polypyrrole for frequencies between d.c. and 9.4 GHz. The a.c. conductivity is shown to follow the general law σ(ω) ⋍ ω x for frequencies higher than a critical frequency. For every concentration of polypyrrole a frequency region has been found where the predictions for anomalous diffusion in three-dimensional fractal percolating clusters (x = 0.6) can be considered as fulfilled. The calculated critical frequencies exhibit a dependence on the concentration of the sonducting polypyrrole additive as expected by the theory through the expression for the correlation length of the Random Resistor Network of Miller and Abrahams. This model was previously employed to describe the d.c. behaviour of these composite systems.

  11. Science in the Service of Patients: Lessons from the Past in the Moral Battle for the Future of Medical Education

    PubMed Central

    Weisberg, Daniel F.

    2014-01-01

    Medical schools instill a classic moral standoff in which the responsibility for the betterment of the patient stands at odds with the responsibility for the betterment of society. In critical ways, the latter, in the form of a robust research and technology-driven enterprise, has taken precedence over the former, resulting in harm to patients and individual dignity. This tradeoff can be traced to Abraham Flexner, the father of American medical education. In the wake of the Flexner report, American medicine set out on a course of exponential scientific advancement, but the mistreatment of research subjects and the erosion of the doctor-patient relationship in a health care system that is increasingly unaffordable, complex, and impersonal suggest that such progress has come at a price. Recent efforts by medical schools to emphasize humanism in their curricula and admissions processes have shown promise in orienting the values of academic medicine toward the individual patient’s well-being. PMID:24600339

  12. ON THE FRACTION OF BARRED SPIRAL GALAXIES

    SciTech Connect

    Nair, Preethi B.; Abraham, Roberto G. E-mail: abraham@astro.utoronto.c

    2010-05-10

    We investigate the stellar masses of strongly barred spiral galaxies. Our analysis is based on a sample of {approx}14,000 visually classified nearby galaxies given by Nair and Abraham. The fraction of barred spiral galaxies is found to be a strong function of stellar mass and star formation history, with a minimum near the characteristic mass at which bimodality is seen in the stellar populations of galaxies. We also find that bar fractions are very sensitive to the central concentration of galaxies below the transition mass but not above it. This suggests that whatever process is causing the creation of the red and blue sequences is either influencing, or being influenced by, structural changes which manifest themselves in the absence of bars. As a consequence of strong bar fractions being sensitive to the mass range probed, our analysis helps resolve discrepant results on the reported evolution of bar fractions with redshift.

  13. THE DECISION TO RECOMMEND YUCCA MOUNTAIN AND THE NEXT STEPS TOWARD LICENSED REPOSITORY DEVELOPMENT

    SciTech Connect

    Barrett, L. H.

    2002-02-25

    After more than 20 years of carefully planned and reviewed scientific field work by the U.S. Department of Energy, the U.S. Geological Survey, and numerous other organizations, Secretary of Energy Abraham concluded in January that the Yucca Mountain site is suitable, within the meaning of the Nuclear Waste Policy Act, for development as a permanent nuclear waste and spent fuel repository. In February, the Secretary recommended to the President that the site be developed for licensed disposal of these wastes, and the President transmitted this recommendation to Congress. This paper summarizes key technical and national interest considerations that provided the basis for the recommendation. It also discusses the program's near-term plans for repository development if Congress designates the site.

  14. Field-induced detrapping in doped organic semiconductors with Gaussian disorder and different carrier localizations on host and guest sites

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Scheb, M.; Zimmermann, C.; Jungemann, C.

    2015-09-01

    For organic host-guest systems with a low fraction of guest sites, i.e., the trap-limited case, field-induced detrapping of charge carriers is studied via master equation calculations under the assumption of Miller-Abrahams rates and two Gaussian distributions of uncorrelated energy levels. Among existing descriptions of carrier redistributions in the presence of an electric field, the effective temperature derived by F. Jansson, S. D. Baranovskii, F. Gebhard, and R. Österbacka [Phys. Rev. B 77, 195211 (2008), 10.1103/PhysRevB.77.195211] for pure host materials shows the best agreement with the simulation results. The detrapping description based on carrier heating is extended to the case that the two material-specific hopping rate parameters ν0 (attempt frequency) and α (decay constant or inverse localization length of charge carriers) are different for host and guest sites.

  15. [The physician and the collector of diagnoses].

    PubMed

    Geersing, Geert-Jan

    2015-01-01

    In the course of the medical curriculum, medical students are trained to recognise diagnoses. They classify these in their minds, together with detailed information on laboratory and imaging tests, as collections of diagnoses. The downside of this could be overdiagnosis. This paper describes some of the faces of overdiagnosis. American writer and physician Abraham Verghese eloquently describes one of these: the e-doctor looking at a computer screen to see what is wrong with the patient, rather than starting with a thorough clinical bedside evaluation. Other examples include the finding of small sub-segmental pulmonary emboli by increasingly sensitive spiral CT scanning. Finally, this paper describes a possible answer to overdiagnosis: prognostic research, notably answering questions such as 'what additional diagnostic testing will truly improve my patient's prognosis, given their current presentation of signs and symptoms?' PMID:25850457

  16. Stochastic regimes in very-low-frequency fluidic oscillator

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tesař, Václav

    2016-03-01

    Paper discusses interesting unexpected stochastic regimes discovered in a fluidic oscillator designed for operation at very low oscillation frequencies - without the inconvenience of the long feedback loops needed in standard low-frequency oscillator designs. The new oscillator contains a pair of bistable turn-down active valves operating in anti-parallel — essentially analogous to Abraham & Bloch electric "multibrateur" invented in 1919. Three different self-excited oscillation regimes were found. In the order of increasing supplied flow rate, these regimes are characterised by: (A) generation of stochastic-duration multi-pulse packs, (B) generation of individual pulses with a degree of periodicity, and (C) regime with randomly appearing flow pulses separated by intervals of the order of seconds.

  17. The structural, electronic and optical properties of CuGa (SexS1-x)2 compounds from first-principle calculations

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Shen, Ke-Sheng; Jiao, Zhao-Yong; Zhang, Xian-Zhou; Huang, Xiao-Fen

    2013-11-01

    The structural, electronic and optical properties of the CuGa (Se x S1- x )2 alloy system have been performed systematic within generalized gradient approximation (GGA) of Perdew-Burke-Ernzerhof (PBE) implemented in the Cambridge serial total energy package (CASTEP) code. We calculate the lattice parameters and axial ratio, which agree with the experimental values quite well. The anion position parameters u are also predicted using the model of Abrahams and Bernstein and the results seem to be trustworthy as compared to the experimental and theoretical values. The total and part density of states are discussed which follow the common rule of the conventional semiconductors. The static dielectric tenser and refractive index are summarized compared with available experimental and theoretical values. Also the spectra of the dielectric functions, refractive index, reflectance, absorption coefficient and real parts of photoconductivity are discussed in details.

  18. Modelling inhalational anaesthetics using bayesian feature selection and QSAR modelling methods.

    PubMed

    Manallack, David T; Burden, Frank R; Winkler, David A

    2010-08-01

    The development of robust and predictive QSAR models is highly dependent on the use of molecular descriptors that contain information relevant to the property being modelled. Selection of these relevant features from a large pool of possibilities is difficult to achieve effectively. Modern Bayesian methods provide substantial advantages over conventional feature selection methods for feature selection and QSAR modelling. We illustrate the importance of descriptor choice and the beneficial properties of Bayesian methods to select context-dependent relevant descriptors and build robust QSAR models, using data on anaesthetics. Our results show the effectiveness of Bayesian feature selection methods in choosing the best descriptors when these are mixed with less informative descriptors. They also demonstrate the efficacy of the Abraham descriptors and identify deficiencies in ParaSurf descriptors for modelling anaesthetic action. PMID:20540061

  19. Werner Heisenberg (1901-1976)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yang, Chen Ning

    2013-05-01

    Werner Heisenberg was one of the greatest physicists of all times. When he started out as a young research worker, the world of physics was in a very confused and frustrating state, which Abraham Pais has described1 as: It was the spring of hope, it was the winter of despair using Charles Dickens' words in A Tale of Two Cities. People were playing a guessing game: There were from time to time great triumphs in proposing, through sheer intuition, make-shift schemes that amazingly explained some regularities in spectral physics, leading to joy. But invariably such successes would be followed by further work which reveal the inconsistency or inadequacy of the new scheme, leading to despair...

  20. The momentum of an electromagnetic wave inside a dielectric derived from the Snell refraction law

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Torchigin, V. P.; Torchigin, A. V.

    2014-12-01

    Author of the paper [M. Testa, Ann. Physics 336 (2013) 1] has derived a conclusion that there is a connection between the Snell refraction law and the Abraham form of the momentum of light in matter. In other words, author derived the Snell law on assumption that the momentum of light in matter decreases by n times as compared with that in free space. The conclusion is derived under assumption that the forces exerted on an optical medium by an electromagnetic field do not distinguish between polarization and free charges. We show that, on the contrary, the Minkowski form of the momentum of light in matter directly follows from the Snell law. No previous assumption is required for this purpose.